Skip to main content

Full text of "Curtis's botanical magazine."

See other formats


Botanical Magazine; 

O R, 

Flower-Garden Difplayed: 

The raoft Ornamental Foreign Plants, cultivated in the 
Open Ground, the Green -Houfe, and the Stove, are 
accurately reprefented in their natural Colours. 


Their Names, Clafs, Order, Generic and Specific Characters, according 

to the celebrated LiNN-fcUS ; their Places of Growth, 

and Times of Flowering ; 




Intended for the Ufe of fuch Ladies, Gentlemen, and Gardeners, as 
wifh to become fcientifically acquainted with the Plants they cultivate. 



Fellow of the Linnean Society. 



Multiplier Ics fleurs, ornement du parterre ; 

O ! fi la fable cncor venoit charmer la terre 

Ces fleurs reproduiroient, en s'animant pour nous, 

Et la jeune beaute qui mourut fans epoux 

Et le guerrier qui tombe a la fleur de fon age, 

Et 1'imprudent jeune homme, epris de fon image. 

Renais dans l'hyscinthe, enfant aime d'un Dieu ; 

Narcifle; a ta beaute dis un dernier adieu. 

Penche-loi fur les eaux pour l'admirer encore ; 

D'un eclat varie, que l'oeillet fe decore ; 

Et toi qui te cachas, plus humble que tes fceurs, 

Violette, a mes pies verfe au moins tes odeurs ! Fontamis. 


Printed by Stephen Couchman, Throgmorton- Street. 

Publifhed by T. CURTIS, N°3, St. George s-Crcfccnt % Black-Friars-Road -, 

And Sold by the principal Bookfellers in Great-Britain and Ireland. 



C 693 ] 

Mor^a Iridioides. Perennial-Leaved 

%$■% fy & ■•% f-sHf ■ ^HM 5 "* $ $ f & 4 % 

Clafs and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. — Fid. N os - 593, 613, 6c 6g$. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

MORyEA iridioides (barbata) radice fibrofa ; caule com- 
preffo, rigido, virgatim et fubcparclatira ramofa 
(nunc eliam paniculate ramojijfuna) ; foliis pereu- 
nantibus, flabellatim diftichis, deorfum 1 igentibus ; 
lacinils obovato-ellipticis, extimis duplo latioribus, 
obtufioribus. G. 

MORiEA iridioides. Mant. 28. Sxfl. Vegct. 79. Murr. 93. 
fhunb. Diff. n. 18. Gifcck.ic.fafc. 1. /. 3. /&r/. 
Am;. 1. 75. Mart. Mill. Diff. Lamank En eye, 
4. 274. /a£. 31./ U IVilld. Sp. PL 1. 244. 

KiOR-zEA irioides. Gcertn. frucl. et fan. 1. p. 40. 

MORiEA vegeta. Mill. Dul. ed. 8. neve Linna^i. 

MORiEA fpatha uniflora foliis gladiatis, radice fibrofa. Mill, 
ic. 159. t. 239 ./. I. 

IRIS compnffa. Tbunb. D if. n. 12. /»W. 11. Linn. Fil. Supph 
98. £y/. Vcg. 89. Mar/. M///. £>/#. Willd. Sp. 
PL 1. 230. 

Obs. Species ambigua, fuhtriformis, radice foftifque te'nus Ar is TEAM, 
quoad capjula faciem I r 1 d E M rtjerens, dum reliquis quidern Jignis cum 
MoRiEA examiijfim convenit. Ejus patria certe Africa Aujiratior, nequa- 
quam Oriens et Byzantium uti voluit 27//// I RIDE pro ijiius ' 
Jynonymo perperam habita Jeduftus . G . 

Root fibrous, rootftock in old plants elongated into a fhort 
woody cicatrized caudex, upon which generally ftand two or 
three fan-fpread leaf-fafcicles. Stem longer than the leaves, 


eompreffed, dark-green, rigid and fomewhat Woody down- 
wards, fmooth, furnilhcd at the joints with many alternate, 
remote, itiflifh, adprefl'edly convolute, fpathe-li'ke, fterh- 
embracing Braftes, fome of which are fterile, while from others 
ifiue an adpreffed branch, and thefe are either fimple or pani- 
culately fubdivided, lower ones longeft and wand-like, all 
fimilar to the item, but left flattened. Leaves many, per- 
ennial, from upright dillichly diverging, linear-enfiform, 
acuminate, Itiffifh, dark-green, very fmooth, nervelefs, equi- 
tantly imbricate, and very rigid downwards. Involucres her- 
baceous, convolute, ft iff, 2 — 4-flowered, flowers fupported by 
a (lender pedicle equal to the involucre and each feparated 
from the other by a membranous fpathe or valve. Corolla 
white, regularly patent, fegments equal in length, conneQed 
at the bafe, outer ones twice the broadeft, oblong-obovate, 
narrowed downwards into ftraight patent ungues nearly the 
length of their laminae, with a longitudinal tomentofe ridge on 
the infide, outwards furrowed down the middle, fides inflecled; 
inner fegments lanceolate-obovate, rather acute, with fhorter, 
more patent, and lefs definite ungues : ftigmas petaloid, bila- 
biate, about equal to the outer ungues, erecl-patent, oblon<* 
with a blue longitudinal keeled ridge ; inner lip bipartite^ 
fegments acuminate ; ftyle triquetral, fhort ; filaments flat- 
fubulate, Handing on the bafes of the fegments, contiguous, 
but in general not connate, though they often are fo. Capfule 
largifh, cartilagineo-coriaceous, oblong, obfoletely triquetral, 
corrugately lineate, feeds very many, clofe, comprefledly an- 
gular, their outermoft fide rounded to the valves. It has fruit 
nearly ripe and blowing flowers at the fame time. 

Found by Thunberg in the interior of the Cape country 
in Hottentot's Holland, in a wood not far from Sea-Cow 
River, near a houfe called Kock's-Farm. Cultivated by 
Miller in 1758, who received the feeds from the Cape 
under the title of « White Water-Lily ;" it is of the eafieft 
culture, and will grow many years together (without parting or 
removing) in the fame pot; requires plenty of water; blooms 
feveral weeks in fucceffion during the Summer months ; pro- 
duces feed in abundance ; owing to which and its long Handing 
in the country it is now one of the commoner! of its tribe in 
our collections ; has no fmell. 

Our drawing was taken at the Botanic Garden, Brompton. 
We are rather lurpnf'ed it has not before been difcovered to 
be the fame with Tmunberg's Iris comtreffa ; his defec- 
tion is full and correft. G. 


i& Tab, by y:f'//r/!.r,,r'Y,);.;/rr/,\j / /'A 7 <n: l. M,>, 

7 JR&m£mj*iA>. 

[ 6 94 ] 

Melantkium Spicatum. Star-Flowered 



Oafs and Order. 


Generic CharaBer. — Fid. N um - 641. 

L. c. addenda. Quibus petalorum ungues liberi, iifdem corolla 
Cito decidua, quibus hi connati hie perftat ufipiedum ex ingm ndefcente 
germine difrumpitur tubulus. Species ha&enus obfervata; funt, lon^i- 
jiorum (Wurmbea longifloray TVilld.); mampiialum (Wurmbea cam- 
panulata, Willi.) ; pumilum (Wurmbea pumila, Willd.); revo- 
lution (Wurmbea revoluta, Herb. Bank/.) ; inujium (Wurmbea w- 
u/la, Herb. Bank/.): remotum (Wurmbea rcmota. Herb. BanhJ.) ; 
Jilgmofum (Wurmbea ft'tgmoja, Herb. Bank/. ) ; Jpicatum ( W urmbea 
purpurea. Herb. Bank/.); triquetrum (id. cum junceo P) ; fecundum ; 
cUiatum ; capenfe (id. cum blando, Herb. Bank/.) ; phalqngoides (id. cum 
luctdo, Herb. Bank/.); viride ; unijiorum ; eucomoldes ; his radix 
bulbus, ovatus, acutus, faspe lubcompremis ; nucleus amygdalino- 
carnofus ; integumenta cruftofa, fubputaminea, fufca. G. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

MELANTHIUM Jpicatum $ mukiflorum, fpica oblonga, fcf- 
filiflora ; foliis remotiufculis, convofuto- 
canaliculatis, ex lads fubulatim attenuatis; 
tubo limbo 3 — 4 breviore ; laciniis ftellato- 
patentibus, lineari-fubulatis, tandem invo- 
luto-marginatis. G. , 

MELANTHIUM Jpicatum. Houtt. Linn. Pfi. Syfi. 1 1. p. 503. 
/. 85. f. 2. exclufb Burmanni fynonymo, 
Melanthio revoluto potius attributu. 

WURMBEA purpurea. Herb. Bank/. 

WURMBEA campanula ta. 0. Willd. Sp. PL 2. 265. 

Obs. Wurmbea campanula/a [a) Willdcnovii eadem eft ex Herb. 
Bankf. cum Melanthio mompetah fpecicfquea noftrafatisdiiiincla. G. 

Bulb as uTual in the genus, about the fizc of a large filbert. 
Leaves generally three, diitich, rather cliihnt, convolute- 

channelled, from broadifh, fheathing, fubventricofe bafes, 
gradually attenuated upwards, rather longer than the fcape, 
upper ones cauline; fcape firnple, fubcomprefled, from three 
to nine inches high ; fpike itraight, feffile, fparfe, many- 
flowered, clofifh ; Rachis but Uighdy flexuofe, interruptedly 
angled, indented where the flowers lit ; tube very fhort, hexa- 
gonoufly feamed, 3 — 4 times fhorter than the limb ; fegments 
ftellate, linear- fubulate, flat when firft expanded, afterwards 
involutely margined, purple with a darker .edge ; ftigmjs firnple, 
obfolete ; ftyles flender, fubulate-triquetral, becoming beaked 
continuations to the loculaments of the capfule. Anthers yellow* 
Flowers without fmell. 

Found at the Cape, by Masson, on the hills near Groene- 
Kloof; and probably introduced by him into Kew-Gardens i 
where it may have been deemed a variety of Melanthium 
tnonopetaliim. Requires the treatment of Ixia. 

Our drawing was taken from a bulb imported from the 
Cape by Meffrs. Grim wood and Wykes, Kenfington. G* 


No. 581, 1. 24, pro " hyalinis" " hyalina." 

No. 593, 1. 22, pro " Iridi" " Iride." 

No. 685, p. 2, 1. 2, for " confidentially" *' confidingly.'* 

Eod. 1. 40, for " but is" " and is." 

Eod. I. 41, dele »• alfo," and for " fouthemmoft" read «' foutheafternmoft.* 

No. 686, 1. 17, for " Clift :" » Cliff;" 

[ 695 ] 


Oafs and Order, 
Triandrja Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — Fid. N 05 - 593 Sc 613. 

Obs. L. C. ADDENDA. Radix in MoR^A iridioide de rhlzomale fi~ 
hrofa; folia plure, plana, perennia. Corolla generatim quam in Irjuje 
perfugacior ; in paucis involutim fimulque fpirali-convolute niarcefcens, at 
paulo max decidua, neutiquam tit in vidua fit a proximo Aristea dura 
capfulaque cowva evadens ; hie quoque Jiigmata in lacinias lineares, angujlif- 
ftmas, lamellofe compreJJ'as et radiato-patentes ad flylum nfque bipartiuntur 
necnon antbera, incurvatce, vaga et filainenta Jligmatum t<:ciniis inter jicla ; 
in virgata et fifyrinchio corolla tubo inflruitur ; quare Mor^.i et Iridis 
d'ifcrepantia jam pene ad utriufque mutuant faciei habit u/ve difparilitatern re- 
fecantur, ad fummum ex bis manente i/lius corolla" aquabiliore expanfione 
vel forfan ejufdem tubulofarum tubo inani, qui in I R I D E fortius ; nequa- 
quam ideojunt commfcenda genera, ea enhn ad natura normam concinnata t 
extimis ambiguis femper cobafura fpeciebus, Jlricliora frtijira petentur ; 
tiedum libet ut adeo aperte affines in nova ccederentur genera, eo minus quod 
eazdem in unius vel alterius arbitrarie pratpofiti et invalidifigni convenientiam y 
all is pluribus, vel fgillati?n forte aqualibus fimul certe prajlantioribui, 
negleclis, in longinquiora detruderentur ; quomodo e. g. in LlL. a Redoute 
g^Galaxias relcgatur Ixia monadelpha, itidemque apud Willd. Sp. PI. 
ad Ixias Mor^a virgata ; et ad Sisyr inch i a MoR/EA collina ; ubi 
pofthabitis pluribus, manifeflioribus, magijque Jlabilibus characleribus, iftis 
tbtemperatur paucioribus et e perquam inconflaniioribus tcmere feleflis. G. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

MORiEA ftextwfa (imbcrbis) corolla fubeequali ; laminis 
cuneato-oblongis squaliter explanatis ; unguibus 
minimis ereeto-conniventibus ; hlamentis horum 
longitudine connatis dein liberis patentiflimis; 
antheris incurvatis ; ftigmatum laciniis graciliimi^ 
radiantibus. G. 

M "Ry£A JI exit of a. Linn. Sup pi. 100. S\ft. Veg. 93. Thunb. 
Dijf. n. 12. prod. \i. Mar L Mill Did. li'ilid. 
Sp. Pi. 1. 243. 

IXIA longifolia. J acq. Hort. Vindb. v. 3. p. 47. /. 90. 

Root and Herb as ufual in the genus, the latter quite 
fmooth. Stem branched, many- flowered, (tiff, green; invo- 


lucres Tome herbaceous, others becoming fphacelate. Corolla 
fugacious, decaying by rolling parily inwards and partly 
fpirally together, regular, nearly equal, hypocrateriformly 
patent ; ungues very {mall, feveral times fhorter and narrower 
than the lamina;, converging dole round the tubular bafe of 
the ftamens, three quite within the others ; outer lamina? 
cuneate-oblong, fubacute, inner rather fhorter, obovate-oblong; 
all of" a bright yellow colour with a greenifh (tripe without, 
Style the length of the ungues, feveral times fhorter than the 
ftigmas, which are ftraight, radiately patent, with a fixfold 
appearance from their being parted their whole length into 
two narrow, flender, linear, lamellofely compreffed, divaricate 
fegments, flightly hiant at their tips ; ftamens connate into a 
round tube for the length of the ftvle and ungues, thence 
parting into three adfeendently patent filaments about equal to 
the ftigmas, furnifhed with largifh, oblong, incurved anthers. 
Germen narrow oblong, triquetral, above the involucre. Cap- 
fule coriaceo-membranous, a triquetral-oblong fhaft ; feeds 
many, brown, compreffed, angular. 

Found by Tiiu nberg, at the Cape, near Berg-River, the 
Twenty-Four-Rivers, Elephant's-River, and from Roode- 
Sand to Hauteniquas-Land, in the greateft abundance ; and 
when dreffed is ufed both by the Colonifts and Hottentots for 
food. Mr. Barrow, in his very intelligent account of this 
colony, mentions a fmall yellow Iris that furnifhes a root for 
the table, not unlike a chefnut in fize and tafte ; the fmall 
roots of which are called Uyntjes by the Dutch inhabitants; 
and in another place he obferves, that a feafon is computed in 
that country from the time that thefe roots are fit to eat, 
which is called Uyntjes tyd y that they are eaten roafted, and 
that they formerly conftituted a principal article of food among 
the Hottentots. But whether he means our plant or the one 
that is fuppofed by Thunberg to. be a yellow variety ojf 
Mor£a edulis, Jupta No. 613, figured by Van Hazen in his 
catalogue, and defcribed by De la Roche under the name 
of Vieusseuxia fagax, we cannot determine from the above 

Our drawing was taken at Mr. Woodford's, by whom the 
bulb was imported this Summer from the Cape. It continues 
a confiderable time in bloom, owing to its numerous fuccef- 
fion of flowers, feveral of which generally blow at the fame 
time ; has no fmell whatever, G. 

OvJ EJxardt del Tub >■ by T. Curds, StGeo; Crefceitt Nov. l. 1MB F. 

C 6 9 6 ] 
Mor-<ea Tricuspis (ot). Trident-Petaled 

Clafs and Order, 
Triandria Monogynia, 

Generic Character. — Fid. N os - 593, 613, Sc 6*95, 

Specific Char a tier and Synonyms* 

MOR^EA tricufpis (harbata) glabra ;' caule fubramofa j un- 
guibus turbinatim convergentibus ; Iaminis extimis 
rotundato-ovatis ; intimis perpufiilis tridentatim 
partitis ; filamentis unguibus 2 — 3plo brevioribus, 
connatis. G. 

IRIS tricufpis. Tbunb. Diff. n. 15. prod. 11. Syfi. Veg. Murr. 
89. Hort. Kew. 3. 482. Jacq. Coll. 4. 99. Mart. 

Mill. Dm. mud. sp. 1. 231. 

IRIS tricufpidata. Linn. Fil. Suppl. 98. 

(a) flore minore ; Iaminis extimis haud ocellatis. G. 

IRIS tricufpis. Jacq. ic. rar. 2. tab. 222. 

V 1EU SSEU XI A fpiralis. Decand. Ann. Muf. 2. 140. Zfc /j 

i^or-fo Diff. 31. /. 9. 
VIEUSSEUXIA *r^/a. /&«//, Linn. Pf. Svji. 11. />. 105. 

/. 80. 
(5) laming extimis ad bafin ocellatim maculatis. G. 
IRIS pavonia. Curt.fupra No. 168. 
IRIS tricufpis. Jacq. Coll. 4. tab. 9. f. 1. 
VIEUSSEUXIA glaucopis. Decand. Ann. Muf. 2. 141. cum 

tab. Redout e Lil. t. 42. 
VIEUSSEUXIA ariflata. De la Roche Diff. n. 2. 34. quo 

male invicem commutantur nomina trivialia duarum 

uhimarum fpccierum ; poftremse ergo penultimse 

redonetur titulus, et vice verfa, 

Bulb-tuber and Herb as mod ufual in this genus, the Lift 
quite fmooth ; Hem ofteneft fimple, fometimes with one or 


even two branches ; corolla largifh efpecially as to its outer 
fegments ; ungues Itraight, cuneate, concave, about the length 
of the germen, tomentofe on the inner fide, turbinately con- 
verging; laminae much longer than thefe, ovately rounded, 
geniculate-recurved ; inner fegments about equal to the ungues 
of the outer, narrow, cuneate ; laminae very diminutive, tri- 
dentately parted, middle tooth linear, longeft, ftraight or in- 
curved, and fometimes twilled ; ftigmas petaloid, divergent, 
reaching beyond the ungues, 3 — 4 times longer than the ftyle, 
fpathulate-obovate or fubcuneate, outer lip bipartite, fubre. 
curved; filaments connate their whole length, and about the 
length of the anthers which are nearly three times fhorter than 
the ftigmas. Without fcent. 

The remarkable i'pot at the bafe of the outer laminae of (3, 
which bears fome kind of refemblance to that on the tail- 
feathers of the peacock, probably led Mr. Curtis into the 
miftake that this was Thunberg's Iris pavout'a, a beau- 
tiful fpecies that has flowered with Mr. Hibbert and at 
Kew, but of which we have never yet been able to obtain a 

Found at the Cape, by Thunberg, growing abundantly 
on the hills below Duyvelfberg, in Swartland, and near 
Berg-River: |3 was introduced into Kew-Gardens in 1776, 
by Masson, and is now very common: 4 was imported 
this year with many other bulbs from the Cape, by Mr. Col. 
ville of the King's-Road. Both blow freely when the bulbs 
are of proper age and propagate very abundantly. G, 

Some Additions to the Article Mor.ea vifcaria % 
fupra No. 587. 

MOR^EA vifcaria (imberbis) caule fufce vifcofo, brachial im 
polyftachio ; laciniis ovato-oblongis fubconformi- 
bus ; extimis in imo ungue fcrobicula mellifera 
tranverfa infculptis ; filamentis connatis ; ftig- 
matibus acuminatis, fubferratis. G. 

Bulb and leaves as ufual in the genus, the latter rather 
glaucous; corolla fmalliih; fegments nearly of one (hape and 
degree of expanfion, outer broadeft and denticulately widened 
at the bend ; ungues turbinately connivent, nearly twice fhorter 
than the laminae ; outer ones with a fmall tranverfe melliferous 
excavation within their bafe: filaments cuniculately connate, 
equal to the ungues; outer lip dentately bifid, teeth recurved; 
fegments of the inner lip acuminate, divaricate, ferrulate. G, 


C 6o 7 ] 

Protea Anemonifolia. Fork-Leaved 


C/<//> and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cor. 4-petala (petalis fubinde vario modo cohgerentibus). 
rAnther<e inferte petalis infra apicem. San. 1. fuperum nudum. 

Specific Char after and Synonyms. 

PROTEA anemonifolia; foliis linearibus elongatis fupernefur- 
cato-pinnatifidis : pinnis imis longioribus furcatis, 
capitulo globofo terminali. 

Desc. Stem fhrubby, three feet high, villous. Leaves 
fcattered, rigid, nerved, fmooth, ere£t, lengthened downwards 
fo as to refemble a long footftalk, branched at the upper part 
into about three pair ofpinnas, the lowermoft of which are 
longeft and varioufly forked at the end : points all armed with. 
a callous reddifh mucro or gland. Common Flower folitary, 
globofe, feffile. Calycine Scales ovate-acuminate, very woolly 
except the margin, compaclly imbricate, forming a globofe 
cone fluffed with a fine white cottony fubftance. Corolla one- 
petaled, tubed: tube longer than limb, which is four-cleft, 
hairy, tortuofe. Anthers linear, 2-lobed feffile. Style ex- 
ferted, club-fliaped. Stigma conical, acute ; the {tyleand ftigma 
have a (ingular appearance in this fpecies fomething like two 
cones with their bales applied together, but when the flower firft 
opens, thefe parts are fo entirely covered with the pollen as to 
appear four-fided. 


Correfponds very nearly with Lin nous's original defcrip* 
tionof Protea fpharocephala, and is not unlike Houttuyn's 
figure of that plant; it does not however agree with the defcrip- 
tion of Thunberg, and being a native of New-Holland, 
differing from mod of the Cape fpecies in having a long tube 
to the corolla, and limb divided into four equal fegments, is 
undoubtedly diftinft. We have adopted the name of anemonu 
folia, though certainly not very appropriate, as it has been fome 
time known by that name in feveral of our nurferies. 

We were favoured with the fpecimen from which our draw- 
ing was made, by Mr. Napier, Nurferyman, near Vauxhall, 
a very fuccefsful cultivator of many rare articles, who raifed 
it from feeds received from Port-Jackfon. 

Is a greenhoufe plant, and requires the fame treatment as 
the reft of the genus. 

j\ r °ops 

ZJwarjj j,j, Puf, fy T.Curtit, , r* fat ' 

.' iVor 1 h)'r 

C 6 9 8 ] 

Protea Scolymus. Small Smooth- 
Leaved Protea. 

C/^t/j- rf#J Order* 
Tetrandria Monocynia, 

Generic Character* 

Cor. 4-petala (petalis fubinde vario modo cohaerentibus). 
Antherce infertae petalis infra apicem. Sem. l, fuperum, nudum. 

Specific Char after and Synonyms. 

PROTEA fcolymus ,• foliis lanceolatis acutis capituloque ter- 
minali rotundo glahris. IVilld. Sp. PL 522. Thunb, 
Prod. 26. Dijf. n. 36. Hort. Kew. 1. 127. Mart, 
Miller DicJ. n. 38. Scrad. Sert. Hannov. p. 4. /. 20, 

PROTEA fcolymocephala. Re i chard. 1. 271. 

LEUCADENDRON Jcolymocephalum ; foliis lanceolatis flo- 
ribus fubrotundis, caule fruticofo ramofo. Sp, Pi, 

1 35* 
LEPIDOCARPODENDRON acaulon, ramis numerofis c 
terra excrefcens ; calyce floris immaturo extus ex 
rubro et flavo variegato, intus flavo. Boerh, Lugd. 
2, p, 192. cum icone. 

There is probably more than one variety of this fpecies 
of Protaa, for it is defcribed by Thunberg as having 
purplifh corollas ; in our plant the ftyle only is purple. The 
corolla, which confifts of two unequal petals connected toge- 
ther at the bafe, but eafily feparated, is a greenifh yellow: 
one of the petals bears three anthers a little below the tip ; 
the other, which is filiform, only one. There is, however, 
iome little variety in this, fome of the flowers feparating fpon- 


taneoufly into three and even four petals. The gerrfien is 
enveloped in a brown pappus arifing from the bafe of the 
feed, the ftyle is declined; ftigma acute, though, when it firlt 
efcapes from the corolla, it appears club-fhaped, from the 
quantity of pollen that adheres to it. The receptacle is hairy. 
The reft of the plant will be eafily underftood from the 
figure. As Sch racer's figure is not quoted as a fynonym of 
}* rot z a fcolymus by Willdenow or Martyn, it is probable 
that thefe authors had fome doubts about it. 

Our plant is undoubtedly the fame as his, and whoever 
will compare Boerhaave's figure with both will, we appre^ 
hend, be convinced that they muft all belong to the fame 

Our drawing was taken at Mr. Woodford's in July lafh 
Introduced according to Uortus Kewenfis in 1780, by the 
Counters of Strathmore. Requires the fhelter of a good 
greenhoufe to protect it from froft. May be propagated by 
feeds or cuttings. Requires a light fandy loam and a free 
circulation of air. 

ft* tn'TCurtUrS^rr^eruM,, 12 , OJ ^^^ 

C 699 ] 

Convolvulus Cairicus. Egyptian Bind- 


jit.. >'*.->!«. :&.. ?■'.. ^t.~if:.A- ...*li.. va..«Js- A. ;it. A..jfe. jjt. jit, 
"Spr >,<• ly ^r »,»• Jf-^'jC <$: «j» «js «,sr .jr ^jr /j* ^r-J5> «yr 

C/j/x and Order. 

Pentandria Mo n o g y n i a. 

Generic Charatlcr. 

Cor. campanulata, plicata. Stigmata 2. Cap/. 2-!ocularis : 
Joculis difpermis. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

CONVOLVULUS cairicus ; caule fruticofo volubili, foliis 
palmato-partitis mucronatis glabris inte- 
gerrimis : foliolis polticis bilobatis, fti- 
pulis palmatis, calycibus lasvibus, corollis 
lubtus coftatis : laciniis acutis. 

CONVOLVULUS cairicus; foliis palmato-pinnatifidis inte- 
gerrimis, pedunculis paniculatis. Sp. PL 
222. i$yj}. Nat. Ed. xii. p. 156. 

CONVOLVULUS foliis palmato-pinnatis ferratis, pedunculis 
filiformibus paniculatis, calycibus laevi- 
bus. Syji. Veg. Ed. xiii. p. i6g. Ed. xiv< 
p. 202. ubi fynonymon Boerhaavii male ex- 
cluditur. Reich, Sp. PL 1. p. 441. 

CONVOLVULUS foliis palmatis glabris ferrulatis, ftipulis 
foliiformibus palmatis, axillis tomentofis, 
calycibus pedunculatislsevibus. VahlSymb, 
l. p. 15. Willd. Sp. PL 1. />. 863. 

CONVOLVULUS quinquefoliis feu foliis laciniatis, flore 
purpureo caeruleo. Bauh. Prod. 134. 

CONVOLVULUS foliis lanceolatis vel quinquefoliis. Bauh. 
Pin. 295. Barrel. Icon. 319 et 320. Rail 
HijL 729. Mori/. Hiji. J. 1. /. 4./. 5- 

CONVOLVULUS <egypttus. Ve/ling JEgypt. 73. /. 74. 

IPOM/EA palmata ,• foliis palmatis, lobis 5-lanceolatis, ex- 
timis bifidis, pedunculis dichotomis. Forjh % 
Defer. 43. 

Di;sc. Stalk fhrubby with many flender twining branches. 
Petioles very flender, the length of the leaves. Stipules two 


at each footftalk, palmated, leaf-like. Leaves alternate, pal- 
mate, fmootb, divided nearly to the bale into five ovate- 
lanceolate leaflets, the Vwo lowermoft of which are two-lobed; 
they are terminated with a minute foft mucro, edges quite 
entire, but frequently minutely undulated, fo as to give the 
appearance of their being ferrulate. Peduncles the length of 
the petiole, axillary, 1 — 3 flowered (according to Forskall, 
when very vigorous, dichotomous, thrice divided). Pedicles 
brafteated wiih two fmall ovate acute fcales about the middle. 
Calyx five-leaved: leaflets fhort, ovate, acute, concave, fmooth, 
very fliining withinfide. Coro/la large, violet purple, tube 
nearly cylindrical, contracted as far as the calyx : limb 
fpreading, faucer-fhaped, cut at the margin into five acuminate 
points, {[lengthened by five pair of ribs prominent underneath, 
each pair feparate at the bqttom, but converging till they meet 
at the point of the fegment of the corolla ; the part between 
thefe ribs is whitifh and fomewhat channelled. Thefe ribs, or 
rather the flripes occafioned by them, are rudely reprefented 
in Veslinc's figure, and accurately defcribed by Forskal. 
Filaments unequal, fubfagittate longer than ftyle, within the 
tube. Stigma divided into furrowed lobes. 

This is molt probably the plant originally meant by Linn jl us, 
though perhaps afterwards confounded by Murray, in the 
Sytft. Vegetab. We have little doubt of its being the fame as 
defcribed by Vesling and Forskall, and (aid by them to 
be a very common ornamental plant in the gardens of Egypt, 
but perhaps not indigenous there. 

The Botanic Garden at Brompton, where our drawing was 
taken, is indebted for this beautiful plant to Mifs Gartside, 
of Lancafhire, a lady eminently (killed in delineating botanical 

It is eafily increafed by cuttings. Seems to love a light 
loamy foil. In the ftov'e it flowered through the greateft part 
of the Summer, but Mr. Salisbury thinks it will do Hill 
better in the greenhoufe. Native country uncertain. 

A fpecimen of a fimilar plant, apparently differing in nothing 
but the greater length of the peduncle, is preferved in the 
Bankfian Herbarium, brought by the late Sir George 
Staunton' from one of the Cape Verd Iflands. 

The tomentofe axils, mentioned by Vahl, who defcribed 
from Forskal's dried fpecimens, do not appear in our plant. 
We have often occafion to regret the alterations made in 
the fpecific character on the authority of dried fpecimens only. 
It is not impofijble, but fome mouldinefs about the infertion 
of the peduncles, frequently occurring in fpecimens gathered 
in warm climates, may in this inftance have been miftaken 
for a natural woollinefs. 

JjJLEJmari, 41. Ftlb. bv 7. 

[ 700 ] 

Betonica Grandiflora. Great- 
Flowered Betony, 

Clafs and Order, 


Generic Cbaratler, 

Cal. ariftatus. Corolla lab. fuper adfcendens, planiufculum : 
tubus cylindricus. 

Specific Cbaratler and Synonyms. 

BETONICA grandiflora ; floribus verticillatis : verticillis 

aequalibus diftantibus. 
BETONICA grandiflora ; fpica foliofa interrupta, calycibus 

margine villofis : dentibus fubulatis, corollis 

galea obcordata. Willd. Sp. PI, t. 3. /. 96. 

Stcphan, in litt. ad Willd, 

Desc. Stalk fimple, erecT, four-fquare, hairy efpecially 
upwards. Radical Leaves heart-fhaped, obtufe, bluntly cre- 
nate, pubefcent on both fides but much more Jo underneath. 
Cauline fhorter, egg-heart-fhaped, lower ones with fhort foot- 
ftalks, upper ones feflile. Flowers in two or three equal whorls 
with 8 — 10 flowers in each with a pair of round feffile leaves 
longer than the flower-cups under each whorl, and within thefe 
about eight lanceolate, entire, ciliated bracles. Calyx teeth 
equal, awl-fhaped, rigid, ciliated. Corolla four times longer 
than calyx : tube incurved : upper lip entire, middle lobe of 
lower lip entire, fomewhat undulate ; fide lobes reflected. 
Stamens exlerted. Style hairy, fomewhat fhorter than ftamens. 
Stigma bifid. 

It is at once diftinguifhed from every other known fpecies 
by the large fize of the flowers, and by the whorls being diltinct 
and not forming a fpike. Is a native of Siberia, and confe- 
quently perfectly hardy. Flowers in June and July. Eafily 
propagated by parting its roots, and requires no particular 
treatment. Introduced by Mr. Loddiges, Nurferyman, at 
Hackney, within tfiefe few years. Far exceeds in beauty all 
its congeners. 


C 701 ] 

fyf arica Striata. Streaked-Flowereix 


j3>, &..}•'' ^L. «.'*.. »'4.j5» .s'i^*''t..» f < ^ii^'*. >'< »'* *V. »I» ^li 

tj. 7ffv ) vr^ - v.>rvi»-^ •*j»"? l » «(. 7fr *> »p -.,•» -.jC .,•» "iff 

Oafs and Order. 

Triandria Monogvnia. 

Obs. Haud pluris in Ensatis facienda Monadelphia quam 
unguium petahrum vel limbi laciniarum brevior longiorve cohafio, nut iliorum 
abfoluta difiinflio ; in manifefifiitne ad idem genus pertinentibus fpeciehus nunc 
deeji nunc reperitur hcecce vicifjim, nee alteram reliquis haud aque commune 
prafcribit fignum ; nulla cert a porro africla lege variat in diverjts, modo fila- 
ment orum tantum baft, max medio tenus vel ultra, quandoque per iotam eorum 
longitudinem prodiens : hinc nos a Jolo antherarum numero defgnamus Claf 
Jem. G. 

Generic Character, — Fid. N um ' 654. 

Obs. l. C. addenda. Hie fpecies planifolio-fibrofie et plicato-bulbfa 
nee alio, his vel Hit's propria atque Jeorjum communi, dotantur praterea cha-r 
raclerc ; contra adeo cateroquin inter fe ab invicem implicantur et permifcentur, 
ut nihil deinde ultra pro genere dividendo lucraretur ; itct videmus paludofam, 
plicato-bulbojam, ad fas martinicenfem et northianam propius 
accedere quam ad plicatam, etiatnji plicato-bulbofam ; quin et if am rurfus 
fructification is organis tenus proximiorem ejje ftriatae, plamfolio-fibrofa, ac 
paludofae ; et hujufmodi quoque plura, G. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

MARICA flriata radice, fibrofa ; foliis enfiformibus ; invo- 
lucris feflilibus, fpicatim digeftis ; fiiamemis ultra 
medium connatis, hide divergentibus ; corolla ur- 
ceolato-rotata, laciniis obovato-cuneatis, mucronatis; 
ftigmatibus filiformibus. G. 

SISYRIN6IIIUM ftrialum. Smilb Je. Pitt. 1.9./. 9. Willi* 
Sp. PL 3. 580. Marl. Mill. Dicl. n. 8. 

SYSYRINCHIUM fpicatum. Cavan. Ic. Plant. 2. 2. I. 104. 

MORJEA ferlata. jaca. Hort. Schoenb. 1. p. 6. t. 11. 

Root fibrous, perennial, fibres thickifh, fomewhat flefhy,. 
tufted. Stem from one to two feet high, compreffed-ancipital, 

leafy ; 

leafy ; leaves many, enuTorm, glaucous, radical ones equi- 
tandy imbricate towards their bale, Item ones remote, llem- 
embracing, gradually becoming fhorter. Flower fafcicles many, 
ferule, lax, alternately and rather clofely difpofed on a fome- 
-what flexuofe rachis in a longifh fpike ; involucres many- 
flowered ; outer valve or fpathe broad-ovate, largeft, green, 
becoming membranous towards the edge, and generally purplifh ; 
inner ones membranous. Pedicles about equal to the outer 
fpathe ; corolla fubcampanulately patent ; fegments uniform, 
cuneateJigulate, obtufe, mucronate, outer ones twice the 
broadeft ; ungues urceolately convergent ; laminae rotately 
patent ; filaments fcarcely equal to the ungues, connate for 
nearly three parts of their length into a fub triquetral tube, 
beyond which they are diftintt and diverge ; anthers fhort, 
incumbent, round-oblong ; ftyle the length of the monadelph- 
ous part of the filaments, fligmas equal to about half the length 
of the ilyle, very flender, ftraight, turbinately patent; germen 
fliort, obovate-triquetral, with a broad naked fummit ; capfule 
ovate oblong, as are the valves; feeds from about fix to eight 
in each cell, round and fomewhat uneven. 

Thrives in the open ground, but is ufually treated as a 
hardy greenhoufe plant, as which it flowers and feeds in 
abundance; through Dr. Smith we learn, that it was fent 
to this country from Italy by Mr. P. Stephens, and that its 
habitat was then unknown; but from Cavanilles we find 
that it is a native of Mexico, whence it was brought to the 
Botanic Garden, in Valencia, where it grows in the open 
ground with many other plants from the fame parts. It has 
no fcent. G. 

No. 654, I. 3, pro " caterii" lege •• catera.* 


A 7 l 

7° 2 ] 

Morula Tripetala. Three-Petal-Like 


Clafs and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. — Vid. N os ' 593, 613, & 695. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

MORiEA tripetala (barbata) pauciflora; caule fubfimplice ; 
extimis unguibus turbinatim divergentibas, foveola 
ima melliflua infculptis ; laciniis intimis perexiguis, 
linearibus; filamentis longkudine breviffimi ityli 
connatis. G. 

IRIS tripetala. Tbunb. Dijf. n. 14. Prod. 11. Linn. SuppL 
97- J aC( I- Ic- rar- 2. /. 224. Coll. 3. 271. Mart. 
Mill. Dicl. mild. S p. PI. 1. 231. 

VIEUSSEUXIA tripetaloides. Decand. Ann. Muf. 2. 138. 

Root and Herb as in Morjea tricufpis, No. 6g6, but we 
have never feen the Item branched. Outer fegments of the 
corolla fubfpathulate, divaricately patent, their ungues tomen- 
tofe inwards, channelled-concave, linear, turbinately diver- 
gent, having a fmall honey-bearing excavation at their bafe; 
laminae oval-lanceolate, recurved and about the length of the 
ungues; inner fegments exceedingly fmall, linear, (lender, 
fhorter than the ungues of the outer one, patent; ftyle 
fhorter than the ungues ; ftigmas bilabiate, ligulate, inner lip 
bifid, fegments approximating, linear-oblong; filaments connate 
for the length of the ftyle into a very fhort tube. 

As the flower was decayed before we obtained it for defcrip- 
tion, we have trufted in feveral parts of the above to Thun- 
berg and Jacquin; in the defcription of the former of whom 
there mufl: be a miftake in the words " filament a longttudine 

dimidia tubi % bafi connata /' there being no other tube than 
that formed by the connate filaments. 


Found at the Cape not far from Picketberg and in fome 
other places, though not frequently : it feems indeed to be 
one oj the rarer fpeaes, nor have we ever feen it in any other 
colleaion than in that of Mr. Woodford, where our drawing 
was taken. Jacquin has figured two plants which he takes 
for varieties of this, m one the inner fegments feern to be 
entirely obliterated; thefe, as alfo many others of this tribe 
contained in his fplendid works, we have never feen in any 
of our collections. - 

In No. 593, we have faid that Moria unguiculata differed 
from tncufpts, in not having bearded ungues; but upon lately 
re-examining a fpecimen that fell in our way, we did perceive 
a flight pubefcence on the mfide of the outer ungues, and 
which became very evident by the help of a glafs , fo that for 
- mkrh* in /. 27 read "fuhbarbatl" and in the , 5 th Une 
for in not being bearded and," read « in having the tube of 
* the ftamens equal to the ungues." h h 

\. }(>,', 

C 703 ] 

Iris Virginica. Virginian Flag, 

jS« «l»_ jf' «■''.*?<■_ >'». »t*. «l». 'it *'s..*I». «!t. •»■!*. *'» *'«. 

Clafs and Order. 
TrIANDRIA Monogymia. 

Generic Character.— Vid. N um - 53 1» 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Iris virginica (imberbis) caule fubancipite'; involucris 2 — 3 
floris ; tubo brcvi ; laminis extirnis recurvato-deflexis, 
ungues aequantibus ; ftigrnatibus lacinias intimas ere&i- 
ufculas extimiique peranguftiores ssquantibus, labio in- 
timo obtufo, dentato, laciniis divaricatis, revolutis. G. 

IRIS virginica. Groin. Virg. 7. (11.) Sp. PL 58. Reich. 1. 
108. Hort. Kezv. 1. 72- Syfi. Veg. Murr. 90. ed. 13. 
79. Lamarck Encyc. 3. 300. Jacq.- Coll. 2. 1c. rar. 2. 
t. 223. Mart. Mill. Die?. IVtlld. Sp. PL 1. 232. Tfa£. 
jD/^T. 20. Michaux Flor. Bor-Amer. 1.22. 

Rootftock fiefhy, horizontal, covered with a dark brown fkin, 
putting out many capillaceous tufted fibres. Stem about two feet 
or more high, downwards ancipital with one fide fharper than 
the other, upwards roundifh, leafy, branched. Leaves fhorter 
than the Item, enfiform, fmooth (as is the whole plant) the 
bundles growing cefpitofely. Involucres green, generally 
more or lei's fphacelate, 2 — 3 (lowered ; peduncles often longer 
than thefe. Germen an obtufely-trigonal, flender fhaft, Ihorter 
than peduncle ; tube trigonal-cyathiform, hollow, (horter than 
the germen and many times fhorter than the fegments, the 
outer ones of which are fpathulate-obovate, twice the largeft 
and more than twice the broadeft, with revolutely deHexed 
laminae ; inner ones fpathulately or oblanceolately oblong, 
ftraight and (lightly diverging ; outer ungues divaricately tur- 
binate, equal to the laminae, their fides towards the bafe revo- 
lutely deprefTed with a fhort longitudinal carinately prominent 
gland ; inner ones far the narroweft, conduplicate-convolute, 


twice fhorter than their laminae : ftigmas recurved patent, 
about equal to the inner fegments, oblong-Iinear, outer lip 
obtufe, entire, inner one bifid, obtufe, fegments crenately 
ferrate, revolutely ereft, upwards divaricate, lapping flightly 
over towards the bafe only. Anthers blue-violet with yellow 
pollen. Flowers (lightly fragrant. Comes very near to verji- 
color, but differs in colour and in having larger flowers, and 
particularly in the fegments of the inner lip of the ftigmas 
being divaricate upwards and not lapping all the way over as 
in that ; befides in feveral {lighter diflin&ions and general 

Was cultivated by Mr. Philip Miller in 1758, accord- 
ing to the Hortus Kewenfis. A hardy plant. The leaves die in 
Winter. Michaux found it in the marflies of Virginia and 
Carolina, where it flowers in May and June. Clayton's 
fpecimen, from which Gronovius defcribed this fpecies in 
the Flora Virginica, is now, with the reft of the latter's Herba- 
rium, in the ineftimable collection of Sir Joseph Banks. 

Our drawing was made at the Nurfery of Meffrs. Whitley 
and Brame, at Old-Brompton, who inform us, that it feeds 
abundantly with them, is eafily propagated by dividing the 
rootftock, and will grow any where ; but that it fucceeds bell 
in a moift nutation. G. 



SvZ£Jwards del. jPllt). bv T.ClirtlS, i£* | 

[ 704 ] 

Tritonia Fenestrata. Open-Flowered 


^^■^rt^M^-^ ^ ^ ^ ft i fr fr $ • 

Oafs and Order. 

Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. — Fid. N um - 609, 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

TRITONIA fenejlrata fpatha tubum aequante; fauce turbi- 
nata ; laciniis regulari-patentibus, fpatio infter- 
ftin&is, bafin ufque muiuo difcedentibus ; un« 
guium lateribus fubdimidiatim pellucentibus ; 
laminis rotundatis, his brevioribus ; flaminibus 
reclinato-affurgentibus. G. 

IX I A feneftrata. J acq. Ic. rar. 2. /. 289. Coll. 3. 269. GmeL 
Syft. Nat. 110. 

This fpecies differs from fqualida, its neareft relative, befides 
in being of a different colour and without fcent, in having a 
turbinate and not fuburceolately campanulate faux ,- in having 
its fegments more remotely feparated and diverging with a 
confiderable fpace between each nearly to their bafe ; it has 
alfo longer ungues, narrower in proportion to their lamina ; 
the whole plant is larger and ftronger, with flowers more 
diftantly arranged on the rachis. The ftem is thicker and 
generally branched ; nor are the outer root leaves quite fo 
much blunted as in that. 

Leaves about three times fhorter than the ftem, which is 
generally refractedly reclined and from a foot to a foot and 
half high. Corolla broad-funnelform, fegments feveral times 
longer than the tube, which is about equal to the fpathe ; 
ungues longer than the laminae with about one half of each 
fide hyaline ; laminse rounded, entire, not notched as the fame 
generally are in fqualida. Organs of fructification declined- 
affurgent ; ftigmas overtopping the anthers, but fhorter than 


the fegments. Corolla bright vermilion, varying to a deep 
fiery orange colour. 

A native of the Cape, from whence the plant from which 
our drawing was taken had been imported, by Mr. Salisbury, 
Nurferyman, at the Botanic-Garden, Brompton. 

Flovyers abundantly about June and i.s very ornamental, but 
not quite fo common in our colleQions as crocata. We 'have 
feen feveral hundred fpecimens at different times, both cul- 
tivated and indigenous, nor have we ever found it vary from 
the above character ; hence we have no difficulty of diftinguifh- 
lng it with Jacquin from crocata ; nor of differing from him 
in diftinguifhing it from fqualida, which, in his Fragment^ he 
has made a variety of it. G. 



C 705 ] 

Gentiana Adscendens (var. a.) Porce- 
lane-Flowered Gentian. 

Oafs and Order. 
Pentandria Digynia. 

Generic Ctfdtattet, 

Cor. i-petala. Cap/. 2-valvis, l-locularis. Receptaculis 2 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

GENTIANA adfeendens ; corollis campanulatis quinquefidis 
inter lacinias dentatis, cajycibus latere dehifcen- 
tibus fubtridentatis, foliis lanceolatis ; radicali- 
bus elongatis. 

a. Caule ramofo ere£tiufculo. 

(Z. Caule fimplici decumbente. 

GENTIANA adfeendens ; corollis quinquifidis campanulatis 
fubfeflilibus axillaribus, foliis acutis : radicali- 
bus lanceolatis elongatis. Froeiich. Gent. p. 43. 
n. 14. IVilld. Sp. PI. v. 1. p. 1335. 

GENTIANA decumbens ; corollis 5-fidis campanulatis, foliis 
radicalibus lanceolatis longiflimis, caule decum- 
bente. Linn. Suppl. 174. 

GENTIANA adfeendens s corollis quinquifidis campanulatis 
oppofite feffilibus foliis radicalibus fafciculatis. 
Pallas Roff. 2. p. 106. /. 94. Gmel. Sib, ±.p. 103. 
/. 51. falfo pro Pneumonanthe. 

We have been favoured with two varieties of this plant 
from Mr. Lod dices, whofe Nurfery at Hackney abounds 


with rare articles : in both the calyx burfts on one fide, and 
has three or four very fmall teeth at the end. In the Supple- 
inentum PlantaYum this form of the calyx is particularly men- 
tioned, and it appears, though rather obfeurely, in Gmelin's 
figure, but not in that of Pallas, although very evident in 
his fpecimen preferved in the Bankfian Herbarium. Radical 
leaves are for the mofl part longer and flenderer than in our 
figure and only three-nerved : Cauline ones grow by pairs, but 
frequently face one way. The ftalks, at firft decumbent, rife 
up, though flender and weak ; branches oppofite, lower ones 
long. Flowers both-axillary and terminal on peduncles vary- 
ing in length. Segments of corolla more obtufe than in 
Gentian a Pneumonanthe^ and the whole plant much more 

Native of Siberia, where it is ufed in medicine as a mild 
aromatic bitter. 

Introduced into this country by Mr. Loddiges, to whofe 
fkill and indefatigable zeal our gardens are indebted for a 
greater number of their prefent ornamental inhabitants than 
is generally known. Is perfectly hardy. Flowers in }uly 
and continues in bloffom a confiderable time. Can fcarcely 
be piopagated but by feeds, having a tap-root, which feldom 
. produces any offsets. 


T.Curtu, S?Gi 


C 706 ] 

Erica Longifolia, var Sm Car-nea. Flesh- 
Coloured Long-Leaved Heath. 

# # i < i frfri ♦>♦'♦ £♦ ♦ ♦ '♦'♦ft j wMfri l f'fril 

C/iz/> £ff^ Order. 


Generic CharaSlcr. 

Cal. 4-phyllus. Cor. 4-fida. Fuamenta receptaculo inferta. 
Anthera bifidae. Cap/. 4-locularis. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms* 

ERICA longifolia; antheris muticis inclufis, [ftylo induta"] 
corollis pubefcentibus tubulofo-clavaus, floribus axil- 
laribus verticillatis, foliis fubdenis linearibus marginc 
cartilaginiis fcabris. IVilJd. Sp. PL 2. p. 399. 

ERICA longifolia; petiolis anguftiffimis; corolla 9 — 11 lincari, 
pubefcente ; tubo plus minus clavato : filamentis 
faepius muticis : pericarpio fuperne fericeo. Salijb, 
in Linn. 'Tranf. v. 6. p. 362. 

Although we are inclined with the accurate Mr. Salisbury 
to confider the longifolia and vefiita as varieties of the lame 
fpecies, and have given already, in No. 402, one of thefe va- 
rieties under the latter name ; yet, as the former is the one 
originally given at the Royal Garden at Kew, and adopted 
by Mr. Salisbury, we rather give it under the prefent ap- 
pellation ; and this the more willingly, as, fhould it be 
found beft to diftinguifh the feveral varieties into two fpe- 
cies, after ProfefTor WVlldenow, this having nine leaves 
in each whorl will range with lo?^ifo!ta t though his character 


of the included ftyle will not bold, for if within the flower when 
this firft opens, it is foon fomewhat protruded. The leaves 
are very flender and tremulous from the flight footftalks, are 
fcabrous at the margin and (harp pointed. Peduncles not half 
the length of calyx wiih three linear bractes clofe beneath 
an4 nearly the length of calyx. Calycine leaflets ovate 
far acuminate and very minutely ferrated at the bafe. The 
germen turbinate, fides fulcate, top very woolly. Corolla 
lefs curved than in the drawing, and when clofely examined, 
efpecially when dried, is evidently ribbed. Bloifoms in May. 
Raifed from Cape feeds by Mr. Rollisson, Nurferyman, 
Upper Tooting. 

Grows freely, flowering fometimes when only two years 
old. Requires the fame treatment as the reft of the Cape 


SyJEj w 

C i°i ] 

Chironia Decussata. Cross-Leaved 

Clafs and Order, 
Pentandria Monogynia, 

Generic Character. 

Cor. rotata. Ptftillum declinatum. Slam, tubo corolla in* 
fidentia. Anthera demum fpirales. Per. 2-loculare, 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

CHIRONIA decuffata ,• fruticofa fubtomentofa ; foliis con- 
fertis decufTatis oblongis obtufis, calycibus glo- 
bofis quinquepartitis. Ventenat Hort. Celf. 31. 

Monf. Ventenat, in bis accurate work, diftinguifhes this, 
Chironia from the frutefcens, No. 37 of the Botanical Maga- 
zine, by the ftalk being more fimple, the branches very fhort, 
the flowers larger, the calyx more globofe and deeply divided 
into five fegments, the leaves wider, more obtufe, growing in 
two ranks, and covered with a clofe fhort pubefcence. There 
are however fo many intermediate varieties as to leave room 
for doubt whether it be a genuine fpecies or not. 

It has been long known in our nurferies by the name of 
latifolia. Is a very ornamental grccnhoufe fhrub, occupying 
but little fpace and continuing long in bloffom. 

v vv 

[ 708 ] 

Hedychium Coronarium*. Sweet- 
Scented Garland-Flower. 

C/j/ir #7/^ Order. 


Generic Charatler. 

Cal. 1-phyllus rumpens. Cor. tubus longiffimus limbus 2-plex 
3-partitus, Ne&. 2-phyllum. 

Specific Char after and Synonyms. 

HEDYCHIUM coronarium. Willd. Sp. PL 1. 10. Kcenig apud 

Retxfafc. 5. p. 73. n. 20. 
GANDSULIUM. Rumph. Amb. 5. ;>. 175. /. 69./ 3. Lamarck 

Encyc. 2. p. 603. 

This very rare plant of the natural order of Scitamine,e 
or Cannae of Jussieu, is not met with in Martyn's Mil- 
ler's Dictionary, though fully defcribed feveral years ago by 
Kcenig. What this author calls calyx we fhould confider as 
a Ipathe involving the feparate flowers. Tube of corolla very- 
long and foon becoming flaccid, which occafions the flower 
to droop. Limb divided into fix fegments, the three outer 
ones linear-lanceolate, keeled, regular, one or two of them 
reflected : the three inner fegments are irregular and fubjeft 
to confiderable variation in their form, the upper one is much 
largeft and obcordate. The whole flower is fnow-white, ex- 
cept fome times a greenifh fpot, in the centre of the largeft 


A nxori compounded of HdV? ftveet and Xiwj fnow, from iivo of the qualities 
of the jiar.t. Our Englifh name is adopted from the German, 

fegmcnt. The filament, inferted in the faux of the tube, is 
linear and very deeply grooved, enclofing the ftyle, of which 
the anther entirely fur rounds the upper part. The ftigma 
projects a little beyond. The flem is about three feet high, 
leaves alternate and diftich. 

This plant, probably of Chinefe origin, is very much culti- 
vated in the Malaccas for its fragrant flowers, and is fre- 
quently worn in the hair by the Indian belles, and, in the 
fymbolical language fo much ufed by the Malays, when fent 
as a prefent to a young man, is meant to reproach him with 
inconitancy in love. 

Flowers in September, requires the heat of a ftove, and is 
cafily propagated by cuttings of its roots, in which way only 
it can be increafed, even in the Eaft-Indies, as it never pro- 
duces feed there. 

Our drawing was taken at Mr. Woodford's, Vauxhall, in 
September 1802. It flowered alfo at the fame time at the 
Right Hon. Mr. Grevilee's, at Paddington,, 

Tub by T Curl is. JtG 

itJaillMt ' «4* 

[ 7°9 1 

Hypoxis Serrata. Saw-Leaved 


.?'-'..»}». ^* .»'i_>'-» »'<»«5t..;J4..s'>. »'*' «.'/ v'» »I» \l> «V 
•,» »j» »•>• *,\ ^* #jn^ <y> »-,\ sjf s,v r>jj? ■ vj» • vj^ jjr 

CAz/} «;/^ Qrder, 
Hexandiua Monogynia. 

Generic Chamber. — Vid, N um - 662. 

Obs. l. c. addenda. Americanls lulbus titnicatus, attenuatim 
ehngatus, cuticulis membrancice'is vejlitus, fibris dc tnargine bafts orbicuhtim 
erumpenttbus ut in Hyacintho. Capenfibus rbizoma in Jpeciebus varium, 
ratione gemma aut larvati bulbiUi magnum, undique fibratum. Scapi Juc- 
ceflive plures, in quibufdam pedunculi fiftulofo-cavi , hinc facili gradu apud 
proximam Gethyllidem tranjewites in tubas corollaceos, cum germen a 

fumrno et pedunculato gradatim per /pedes medias in imum radicah dilabitur. 
Folia communiter canaliculata vel exceptione rara cavo-teretia, fubambientia, 
deorfum complicata vel convoluta. Corolla coriaceo-tehax, poji antheftn per- 

Jlanter connivens. Capfula in ferrata verlicaii-cblonga, trigona, a/jus diffluit 

port to fuperna injiar aperculi circumcijfe dij'rupta, dum Jcinditur paries la- 
ciniatim et reflexo-revolvens Jenftm dimittit fernina ; ea numerofa, b'ferialia, 

fcabrata, nigricanta, libera, receptaculo quoque libera, centraU, triquetro 
circumfunduntur. ^ Infruclu nondum plene rnaturato adfunt dejppimenta tria 
tenuijjima, et fernina a funiculo umbicali capillaceo detineri videntur. G., 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

HYPOXIS ferrata ; rhizomate fubglobofo, annue renovator 
fcapis articulatim unipedunculatis ; bra&eis ge- 
minis, fubulatis ; foliis glabris, aculeolis remotis 
retrorfis denticulato-ferrulatis vittaque argenteo- 
pallefcente undata percurfis ; fligmatibus turbi- 
natim fecedentibus. G. 

HYPOXIS ferrata, Linn. Suppl. 197. Syfi, 326. Hort. Kew* 
1. 439.. Mart. Mill, Din, Thunb. Prod. 60*. 
J acq. Ic. rar. 2. /. 369. Coll, 4. 134. Willd. Sp^ 
PL 2. 109. 

FABRICIA ferrata. Thanh, in Fair. It. Norv. 29, 

Rootftock annually reproduced, dark-brown, fubfphaeroid, 
hollowed out on the upper part, for the bulb, throwing out 


fibres from all parts of its fur face. Leaves radical, from half 
to near a foot long, long-fubulate, fmooth, channelled, carinate, 
traverfed at the bottom of the channel by a iilvery waved or 
rugofe (tripe reiembling that in the leaves of i,rocus t edged 
ferrulately by minute diftant cartilaginous prickle-like teeth 
•which point downwards. Scapes feverai in iucceffion, flat, in 
general fhorter than their peduncle, which is lolitary, oner 
flowered, roundifh, fiftular, iupported by two fmalliih fub- 
ulate oppofite bractes fpringing from the j )ini that unites it to 
its fcape, and after fructiheation has taken place are refractedly 
recumbent. Flowers ftelJate, yellow within, green outwards, 
fcentlefs. Petali linear-oblong, acute, fiat, twice longer than 
the germen, three outer ones broader, longer, fubnmcronate, 
and more deflected. Parts of fructification far fhorter than 
the corolla, deep yellow, nearly equal ; anthers three times 
longer than the filaments ; ftyle round, thickifh, three times 
fhorter than the itigmas, which are cufpidate or fubfagittate, 
pubefcent, and obconically divergent. Varies with tawny- 
coloured corollas. 

Brought into Kew-Gardensfrom the Cape, by Mr. Masson, 
in 1788; but we have never yet met with it in any other 
collection than that at the Nurfery of Meffrs. Grim wood 
and Wykes, who imported it this Summer from the Cape. 
Blooms about July. 

Of eafy culture, requiring protection from froft, but no 
artificial heat, a fmall pot of light fandy peat earth, and to be 
kept dry while in a quiefcent itate. G. 

Cur but. J\ 

[ 7*° ] 
Hypoxis Erecta. Upright Hypoxis. 

A jikiA .'K Af & *'» •$'& At v V- jfa --»jf- »fe->|t-*fr4k 

C/^/i #«</ Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia, 

Generic Characler. — Fid. N os - 662 8c 703. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

HYPOXIS erecla ; bulbo tunicato, elongato, membranaceo^ 
larvato; foliis canaliculato-linearibus ere&is fcapis 
longe fuperantibus, pilis rarioribus utrinque ad- 
fperfis ; racemo 2 — 6 fioro, terminali, bra&eato, 
fubfaftigiante ; ftigmate fubtrilobo-capitato, hir- 
tulo. G. 

HYPOXIS erecla. Sp. PL 439. Syfi. 326, Hort. Kew. 1. 
438. Mart. Mill. Did. (exclufo Smith Jpicil. ?) 

mud. sp. pi. 2. 106. 

HYPOXIS caroHnienfis. Muhaux Flor. Bor. Amer. 1. 188. 
ORNITHOGALUM hirfutum. Linn. Sp. PL ed. 1. p. 306. 
ORNITHOGALUM fcapo bifloro. Roy. Lugdb. 31. 
ORNITHOGALUM vernura luteum foliis anguftis hirfutis. 

Gron. Virg. 1. 37. et 2. 51. Rati Hift. 1927. 
ORNITHOGALUM virginianum luteum. Pet. Gaz. 1. t. 1. 

ORNITHOGALUM herbaceum luteum parvum virginianum, 
foliis gramineis hirfutis. Pink. Aim. 272. Phyt. t, 
350. f. 8. bona. 

Trufting to the accuracy of the defcription and figure of 
Hypoxis juncea in the Spicilegium by Dr. Sx\iith, there ap- 
pear to us to be diftin&ions fufficient to require its fpecific 
feparation from erecla ; the plant is altogether flenderer ; the 
fcapes are one-flowered, ebra&eate, longer in proportion to 
the leaves and reddifh upwards ; leaves not hairy on their inner 
fide, petals of the corolla having a reddifh ftreak on the out- 
fide, concave, and not flatly expanded ; ftigma feathery and 


longer than the ftyle ; all marks in which it differs from our 
prefent fubjecl; it is laid to be a bog plant, while this, ac- 
cording to Michaux, ii an inhabitant of dry cultivated 
paflares ; poffibly the differences may arife from thefe differ- 
ent places of growth only ; if this proves to be the cafe, 
juncea with the fynonym of Catesby mould be added to 
erefta. ♦ 

Root an elongated, tunicated bulb, covered with dark brown 
membranous integuments or fkins, throwing out fibres from 
the edge of its bafe circularly, in the manner of that of a 
Hyacinth ; leaves dark-green, upright, channelled, carinate, 
linear, acute, with thinly fcattered hairs on each furface, 
complicate at their bafes, twice longer than the fcapes, which 
are leveral in fuccefuon, ftria, roundifh, hairy, terminating in 
a 2— 6-flowered, braQeate, fubfaftigiate raceme ; braties fmall, 
fubulate, convolute ; corolla rotate, hirfute outwards ; anther3 
fagittate, cloven from the bafe ; ftigma fubcapitately three- 
lobed and pubefcent. Flowers of a bright mining yellow in- 
wards, fubherbaceous outwards, and owing to a fucceffion of 
fcapes produced for feveral months together. 

A native of Virginia, Carolina, and Pennfylvania, A fpeci- 
men that appears to us a mere variety of this, with fhorter 
leaves, the corolla far more hirfute and even woolly without, 
is added to the Bankfian Herbarium by Mr. Menzies, and is 
there faid to be called by the Cherokee Indians Chera Nowote 
(i. e. fiery plant). The fpecies was introduced into Kew 
Gardens, by Mr. William Young, in 1784. Begins to 
bloom about June. 

Our drawing was taken at Mr. Lodbige's Nurferv, Hack- 
ney. Juncea was imported by Mr. Fraser, Nurferyman, in 
Sloane-Square. Both feem to be rare plants, at leaft we have 
feldom met with them. They appear to be perfedly hardy, 
but are feen to greateft advantage when cultivated in a pot 
and kept in the pit with alpine plants. Bog-earth with a 
fmall quantity of undunged loam fuits them beft. G, 



A»*rJt del Pub- by T ( urtis, . P&< 

\rtfJaru u 

C 7»« ] 

Hypoxis Sobolifera. Creeping Hypoxis. 

vj» >,■» ^> /,\ ^> ^jt v$i ^t ujt vjs fji jjsmjr^inrjV ^r ^ y 

C/j/jt tf»J Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. — ^7t/. iV w * 662 & 709. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

HYPOXIS Jobolifera rhizomatibus fupra convexis, infra in 
placentam folidam, craffam irregularem et torofo- 
multicipitem coadunato-prorepentibus ; caule 
comprdfo ; foliis perennantibus hirto-villofis, ca- 
nefcentibus ; racemo 4 — 6-floro divaricatim fub- 
brachiatimque fubfaftigiato. G. 

HYPOXIS Jobolifera. Jacq. 1c. rar. 2. /. 372. Coll. SuppL 
53. mild. Sp. PL 2. 106. 

HYPOXIS villofa. Hori. Kezv. 1. 439. ut in ejufdem auc- 
torum exemplario in Herb. Bank/, vidcre elt. 

HYPOXIS Fabricia. Gccrtn. frucl. et Jem. 1. 33. 

FABRICIA villofa. Var. 3 d11 fcapis longiffimis bifidis pedun- 
culis iterum divifis foliis albido-hirfutis. Thunb. 
in Fabr. It. Norv. 31. 

Obs. Tres fpecies, a Jacquino poftquam apte difcriminatas et 
feorfim exhibitas, fub fua villofa pro mutuis inter fe varietatibus com- 
prehendebat Thunbergius : eas, notis propriis adjeclis, adponimus. 

1. Hypoxis villofa. Jacq. rhizomatis foboiibus haud placentifor- 
miter confluentibus ; foliis fericeo-villofis. G. qua var. i ma - Thunb. cui 
prifcum fervamus nomen. 

2. Hypoxis cbltqua. Jacq. et Bot. Rep. t. 19,5, foliis fecundum 
dorfum villous, villofo-ciliatis, fubobliquis ; fcapis fubtripeduncul^tis 
et fubtribra&eatis. G. qua ejufd. var. 2 /j - 

3. Hypoxis faballfera. Jacq. fupra. qua fua var. $ ia ' 

Although this is certainly the villofa of the Hortus Kew- 
enfis, yet, as three diftincl fpecies were comprehended by 
Thumb erg in his Fabricia villofa (adopted by the authors 
of that work as the fynonym of their plant) all which have 


iince been feparately described and figured under their proper 
names by Jacquin in Plant, rar. Icon, we adopt his titles for 
Thunberg's fecond and third varieties, referving the original 
one of villo/a for the firft, as Jacquin has a!fo done, but 
without having been aware that his obliqua and fobolifera had 
been included by Thunberg in it; this we do both with a 
view to prevent any confufion from not conforming to names 
made more generally known by fuch plates as Jacouin's, as 
alfo to avoid introducing a new fpecific appellation unne- 

Root confiding of feveral bulb-bearing flefhy rootftocks 
not annually reproduced, about the bignefs of walnuts, convex 
above, growing together below, as they are produced, into 
a thick, flattifh, folid, knobbed, irregular mafs ; from which 
the herb fprings tuftwife. Leaves radical from fix to eight 
inches long, half an inch broad at the bafe, broad-fubulate, 
channelled, carinate, fhaggily villous, receiving a greyifh ap- 
pearance from the villi, which are thick, longifh, and foft ; 
t'capes feveral in fucceffion, ftrift, flat, hirfute, about the 
length of the leaves, terminated by a 4 — 6 or more flowered, 
bracleate, diftich, fubfaftigiate raceme of one-flowered pe- 
duncles. Flowers bright-yellow, fcentlefs, upright. Petals lan- 
ceolate, hairy outwards, and fubherbaceous, inner ones rather 
narrower and lefs pubefcent. Filaments fubulate, concrete at 
their bafes with the glandular tumid bafe of the ftyle that 
covers the germen ; anthers ovate-fagittate, upright, not {o 
long in proportion as in /errata and jlcllatct> but coming nearer 
to thofe of ereHa. Stigma ovate-oblong, three-lobedly-trigonal, 
lobes decurrent, (lightly prominent, channelled, with pubefcent 
edges, about the length of the ftyle, which is round and 

Flowers during molt part of the Summer, of as eafy culture 
as /errata, which fee; propagated by dividing its rootftocks 
with a knife, and need not be fhifted for feveral years, not 
indeed till it has filled the veffel in which it may be ; not 
uncommon; we never faw it feed; introduced into Kew 
Gardens, by Mr. Masson, in 1774, from the Cape. 

Our drawing was taken at Meffrs. Grim woods and 
Wykes's Nurfery at Kenfington. G. 


r 712 ] 



j&l. .> f >.>5» *'.» ,v'<..v'j» jfe,> t 4.»'«.A.,3k.j>'..jJt 4* «fr..*#r. ■•?* ♦.«& 

C/tf/} jt/J Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — #V& iV '- 593, 613, & 695. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

MORyEA longiflora ; caule fimpliciflimo, enodi ; fafcrculis 
geminis a bracleis confimilibus longioribus ob- 
vallatis capitatim tcrrainato ; tubo filiformi, longo, 
eminente ; unguibus fubcyathiformi-conniventibus, 
laminis inaequalibus, obovato-oblongis, recurvatis; 
germine inclufo. G. 

Bulb-tuber as moft ufual in the genus, as are the leaves; 
Hem fhort, filiform, fimple, not jointed, naked, terminated 
by a fafcicle of feveral convolute, acuminate leaves, enclofing 
two feffile capitately terminal many-flowered involucres, the 
bracles or valves of which are fhorter than the outer leaves 
of the furrounding fafcicle. Corolla yellow ; tube long, fili- 
form, (lender, projecting confiderably beyond the involucres ; 
fegments unequal, recurved, outer ones nearly three times 
larger, obovate, blunt, inner ones of the fame form ; ungues 
upright, cyathiformly converging; ftigmas petaloid, bifid, 
their fegments linear-oblong, blunt, refle&edly connivent. 
The limb of the corolla decays by partly rolling inwards and 
partly by twilling fpirally. Ge'rmen concealed within the 
involucres. As the flower was decayed before we could fee it 
for defcription, we cannot fay whether it is bearded, its fila- 
ments monadelphous, or what fcent it may have ; but the ex- 
cellence of the draughtfman has left us only thefe three cir- 
cumltances to regret. 


We find no traces of this very rare plant in any book or 
herbarium within our reach, but have no doubt that it flowered 
laft Summer at Mr. Hibbert's for the fir ft time in -Europe; 
it had been fent him from the Cape two years before by a 
collector that he employed there, along with the largeft col- 
lection of this natural- tribe, except perhaps that which vwas 
procured for the imperial garden at Schcenbrunn fome years 
ago, of which fo many have been recorded in the coftly works 
of Jacquin; and of which unfortunately fo many are ftill 
ftrangers to our gardens. 

Mr. Hibbert has lately detected one of the fpecies of 
Witsenia in his garden, raifed from feeds, and moft pro- 
bably the only one that ever vegetated this fide the Cape. 
Till it flowers, which precife fpecies it may be, we cannot fay j 
we know of but four. It is an interefting genus, and feems 
to us to bear the fame relation to the Enfat<e with regard to its 
ihrubby or arborefcent character, that fome of the Palms do 
to the Liliacea or Hexandrous portion of the vegetable king- 
dom. G. 


No. 561, 1. io, pro " Ixias" lege " Ixia" 

No. 600, 1. 15, pro " que" lege " qux." 

No. 701, 1. 19, pro " plicato bulbofam" lege " plkato-bulbofam. 

I. 23. poji « radice" dele comma. 


SvI.EJwarl ' v TCurtts, . &&&; ( 'irfrrtit, Tan 

C 713 3 

Draba Pyrenaica. Mountain Whitlow* 


♦♦♦♦*♦♦*♦♦♦♦♦♦ + ♦♦ 

Clafs and Order. 
Tetradynamia Siliculo&a. 

Generic Cbarafter. 

Silicula integra ovali-oblonga : valvis planiufculis diflepU 
memo parallels. Stylus nu.llus. 

Specific Character and Synonyms, 

DRABA pyrenaica* fcapo nudo, foliis cuneiformibus palmatfs 
trilobis, Leofl, It. 61. Spec. PL 896*. Willd. Sp. PL 
v. 3. 428. Crantz. Aujl. fafc. %. p. 13. /. 1. / 5* 
J acq. Anftr. t. 228. Allion. Pedem. t. 8./. l. Mart* 
Mill. Bin. a. 5. 

ALYSSON pyrenaicum perenne minimum, foliis trifidis* 
Tournef. InJ. 217. Allion. Rar. t. t.f. 1. 

DRABA pyrenqica* FLBqnica t. 143. non ad hanc pertinet. 

We received this little alpine plant from- Mr. Loiidigbs, of 
Hackney. It poffeffes no great beauty, but being hardy and. 
eafily propagated by cuttings, may ferve to ornament rock- 
work. The ftalks are ufually perennial, becoming woody,, 
naked or covered with the decayed leaves, and bears nodules 
of leaves at the extremities of the branches, from the centre 
of which the peduncles grow, bearing ufually two or three and 
fometimes more flowers, which are at firft white, but after- 
wards change to purple.. 

A native of the mountains of the South of Europe. As 
yet rare in this country, not. found in the catalogue of Kew 
plants. Flowers in May. 

Pub hi Ti'itrii 

C 7H ] 

Valeriana Sibirica Siberian 

Oafs and Order. 
Triandria Monocynia. 

Generic Charafter. 
Cal. o. Cor. l-petala, bafi hinc gibba, fupera. Sem. 1. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

VALERIANA fibirica ,- floribus tetrandris aequalibus, foliis 
pinnatifidis, feminibus paleae ovali ftdnatis. 
Sp. PI. 48. Hort. Up/. 13. Wiild. Sp. PI. 1. 
181. hniph. Orig. cent. 5. 

VALERIANA rupefiris ; floribus pentapetalis faepius pent- 
andris, foliis crcbris pinnatifidis, feminibus 
folliculo paleaceo innatis. Pall. ltin. 3. p. 

FEDIA fibirica. Gartn. defr. etfem. 2. p. 37. /. 85, 

Desc. Root perennial. Radical leaves numerous, elongate- 
lanceolate, dentate-pinnatifid, glaucous and veined on the 
under fide, with keeled footftalks, all fimilar : Cauline ones 
feflile, more rigid, horizontal, folded, the upper pair nearly 
entire, the lower dentate. StalkereQ, a little flattened, branches 
oppofite, horizontal. Bracles three, unequal, fubulate, imme- 
diately below the germen. Flowers panicled. Corolla yellow, 
one-petaled, faucer-fhaped : tube rugofe : limb five-cleft, 
fegrnents rounded, quite entire. Filaments hairy, the length 
of corolla, invariably four. Anthers round, yellow. Germen 
inferior. Style Ample, length of filaments. Stigma globofe. 
Seed oval, attached to a chaffy leaflet which appears to us to. 
be one of the bracles enlarged. 


?cems to vary extremely in fize and in the form of its 
radical leaves, as we judge from various dried fpecimens from 
different parts, as well as from the figures and cjefcriptions of 
authors, though perhaps there are feveral permanent varieties, 
for at Hackney, where we have feen it fome years, it feems, 
to retain its original habit in every refpeft. 

Flowers in June, and continues a. month in bloffom. The 
flowers have a flight fcent of officinal Valerian in the evening, 
but none of the jafmine odour obferved in Valeriana r«- 
thenica, with which we were likewife favoured by Mr. Lod- 
dices. Is propagated by feeds, which it produces with us^ 

N C 11S 

v fi 

C 7*5 3 

Bauera Rubiotdes. Madder-Leaved 

^uNt-^NH Ji ♦ ♦ ♦ ft ft $ ♦ ♦ ♦ ■ fr ♦ 

Oafs and Order, 


Generic Char after. 

Cat. inferus 8-fidus. Cor. 8-petala. Cap/. 2-Iocularis. Sem m 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

BAUERA rupioides. And. Bat. Repof. t. 198. 

Desc. Stalk fhrubby, 3 — 6 feet high, branched. Branches 
oppofue, patent, rigid. Leaves ternate, oppofite ; giving the 
appearance at firft fight of fix leaves growing in a whprl : 
Leaflets lanceolate, ferrate, rugofe-veincd, naked. Peduncles 
axillary, longer than the leaves, at firft erect, afterwards fre- 
quently drooping. Calyx inferior, one-leafed and growing to 
the germen, deeply divided into eight flightly toothed, lanceo- 
late fegments, reflexed, pcrfiftent. Corolla rofe-coloured, 
eight petaled, but one is frequently deficient : Petals lanceolate, 
concave, patent, quite entire. Filaments many, fhorter than 
petals, attached to the infide of the calyx, not to the receptacle, 
wherefore this plant belongs to the clafs Icosandria, not to 
Polyandri a, where it is referred in the Botanift's Repofitory. 
Anthers yellow, roundifh. Germen roundifh, fomewhat flat- 
tened, emarginate. Styles two, filiform, divergent. Stigmas 

A handfome flowering fhrub, without fcent. Tafte of the 
leaves bitterifh, fubaftringent, not unlike Chinefe Tea. 

This plant, a native of New-Holland, received the above 
name in honour of the two Bauers, natives of Germany, 
both very eminent botanical draughtfrnen in the employ of this 
country ; the elder brother at the Royal Garden at Kew, the 
younger now on a voyage of difcovery in the South-Sea. The 
trivial name is derived from the refemblance which it bears, 
efpecially in its young (late, to a Rubia, not a Rub us, as 
Mr. Andrews, with his ufual accuracy, would have it. Flowers 
through the greateft part of the Summer. 

Our drawing was taken at Mefirs. Grimwood and Wykes's, 
Kenfington, where, we are informed, it was firft raifed in this 
country. May be increafed by cuttings. 

t 1& ] 

Clafs and Order. 


Generic Character* 
Cat. 4-phyllus. Petala 12. Sem. caudata. 

Specific Character and Synonyms* 

ATRAGENE capenfis ; foliis ternatis ; foliolis, incifis dentati^ 

petalis exterioribus quinis [retlius fenis], Spi 

PI. 764. Reich. 2. 640. Berg. Cap. 148. Mart. 

Mill. Dicl. a. 3. 
ATRAGENE capenfis ; erefta, foliis biternatis, foliolis incifo- 

dentatis, petalis exterioribus numerofis. Willd. 

Sp. PL 2. p. 1286. Bot. Rep. t. 9. 
PULSATILLA foliis trifidis dentatis, flore incarnato pleno* 

Burnt. Afr. 14& t. 52. 
PULSATILLA apiifolio rigido, flore magno. Hem. Afric. 

i8. - 

Desc. Scape rigid, hifpid, branched; each branch bearing 
one terminal flower. Involucre an ovate leafy ftipule ; ge- 
nerally more leafy than in the fpecimen figured ; of thefe 
there is frequently one to every branch, an inch or two below 
the flower. Calyx or external feries of petals conftamiy fix, 
broader than the internal, hairy underneath, fiefli-coloured* 
Petals or internal feries about fourteen, white or (lightly tinged 
with flefli colour* Leaves twice ternate : leaflets wedge-fliaped, 
trifid, middle one elongated : Segments generally three-toothed. 

Linn^ius probably firft formed his fpecific character partly 
from Burman's figure, in which the external petals are only 
five; but in his accurate description, afterwards added, he fays 
they are fix. The internal petals feem to be very fubjed to 


multiplication ; our fpecimen fortunately bore fingle flowers, 
correfponding exa&ly with the native ones that we have I'een. 

Prof. Willdenow, who, as appears from the want of the 
marks by which he denotes thefe circumftances, had i'een 
neither a living nor dried fpecimen of this plant, has yet moft 
unwarrantably altered the fpecific character, probably from the 
mere infpeaion of the figure in the Botanift's Repofitory, taken 
from a very imperfecl abortive fpecimen. 

The older Botanifts confidercd this plant as a Pulfatilta or 
fpecies of Anemone, to which it appears to us to be much 
more nearly allied than to Atragene alpina, No. 530 of this 
work. But, as we have there ftated, the latter plant is not 
neceflarily feparated from Clematis, the name of Atragene 
may therefore very well remain to the Cape fpecies, of which 
there appears to be more than one. 

Our drawing was taken at Mr. Whitley's, Old-Brompton. 
Flowers in March. Is propagated by feeds only. Requires 
the protection of a greenhoufe. 


C 1^1 ] 

Tulipa Breyniana. Cape Tulip* 


Clafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

■Generic Character. 

Cor. hexapetala, campanulata. Fil. ad commiffuram germinis 
et corollae inferta. Stigmata ovario prifmatico fubcriftato-adnata. 
Capfula fupera. Semina plana, biferialia. 

Obs. Genus Melanthio tarn habltu quam characlere confine; 
radicatio in utroque omnino Jimilis, foliatio itidem. In Tulipa vero femina 
plana, in eo rotunda ; hie germen acute prifmaticum, illic obtufe trigonum, 
bicfiigmata adnato-fejffilia, curtata, fubcarttlaginea, illic canaliculato-loratim 
ct libere educla ; hie denuo filamenta ad bafm germinis inferta, illic petalis 
plus minus accreta, G. 

Specific Character and Synonyms, 

TULIPA breyniana foliis lineari-lanceolatis, convolutis; fcapo 
polypbyllo, 26 floro ; petalis lanceolatis, extimis 
duplo anguftioribus j filamentis bafi pubefcentibus, 
altemis brevioribus, gracilioribus ; ftigmatibus pa- 
rum confpicuis. G. 

TULIPA breyniana. Sp. PL 438. rhunb. Prod. 65. Hort. 
Kew. 1. 435. Willi. Sp. PL 1. 98. 

SISYRINCHIUM ex pbceniceo fuaverubente flore aethiopi- 
cum. Breyn. Cent. t. 36. 

Bulb exa&ly as in Melanthium. Leaves feveral, condu- 
plicate, and fheathing at their bafes, cauline ones fhorter, all 
convolute-channelled, quite fmqpth and edged with a narrow 
enmfon border. Stem 2-6-flowered, upper ones 2 or 3 and 
lometimes feflile, when the plant can fcarcely be diftinguifhed at 
nrft fight from Melanthium uniflorum. Corolla fubcampanu- 
late, outer petals nearly twice the narroweft, linear-lanceolate, 


inner elliptically lanceolate. Stamens the length of the piftil 
filaments pubefcent at their bafe, alternate ones ihorter and flcn- 
derer. Germen an acute prifm, fomewhat attenuated upwards ; 
ftigmas three adnate feflile, forming an inconfpicuous recurvedly 
fubtrilobate termination to the germen ; which becomes a ventri- 
cofely oval, acutely triangular capfule, with flat feeds. The 
prefent fpecies and Melanthium tintflorum appear to conned 
thefe two clofely allied fe&ions. — Our drawing was made at the 
Botanic Garden, Brompton, where the plant flowers in the 
greenhoufe about May ; the bloom is very fweet and like that 
of other tulips. Introduced from the Cape into Kew-Garden 
by Masson, in 1787. It feeds freely and produces offsets ; 
but is ftill a rare plant with us, though it does not appear 
to be fo in Holland, from whence it is fometimes received by 
our Nurferymen under the name of Tulipa perjica ; its bulbs 
cannot be known from thofe of a Melanthjum, except by their 
being larger; that of the fmalleft Melanthium refembles 
that of the largeil Tu lip in every thing but fize. G. 

N. B. By a miftake (the caufe of which it would be ufelefs 
here to detail) a figure of Tulip a Breyniana t No. 717, has been 
fubftituted for one of Melanthium unifiorum. New letter- 
prefs is therefore now given to that plate, and the former may 
be deftroyed, as it will be given more correctly, with a figure 
of the Melanthium, in a future number. 

We take this opportunity to inform the purchafers of the 
Botanical Magazine, that general indexes to the firft twenty 
volumes of this work will be publiihed in the courfe of the 
prefent year. 

PofTeffors of rare or curious plants, which they may be 
defirous of feeing figured in the Botanical Magazine, may 
generally have their wifhes gratified, if fych plants are fent 
when coming into flower (or good fpecimens in a ftate fit for 
drawing) to the Editor, at No. 67, Upper-Gut {ford Street^ free 
of expence. When drawn and defcribed, the plants will be 
returned to the owner's order, and fuch as are tender will be 
preferved in a ftove. 


C 718 ] 

Pancratium Illyricum. Illyrian 

■%#$- > ft ♦ ♦ $.t ♦ ♦ ♦ * $ i ♦ # ♦ ♦ 

C/rf/} ##*/ Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Cbaratler. 

Cor. infundibuliformis limbo patentiffimo, corona ad faucem 
12-fida, cujus laciniae 6 fubulatae antheriferas. Stigma 1. 
Spatha l-phylla, latere debifcens, 1 aut multiflora. Juss. 

Specific Cbaratler and Synonyms. 

PANCRATIUM illyricum multiflorum ; fcapo varicofe ner- 

vofo; foliis lineari-oblongis, obtufiffimis ; 

laciniis convexis, ftellatis, tubo longiori- 

bus j corona ftaminilega his 3 — 4plo bre- 

viore, turbinatim patente, laciniis fex, bi- 

fidis ; ftaminibuslimbum fubaequantibus. G. 
PANCRATIUM illyricum. Roy. Lugdb. 34. Linn. Sp. PL ed. 

2. 418. (exclufo Trew. Ehret. t. 27.) Murr. 

Syft. Veg. 318. Mill. Dicl. ed. 8. n. 2. Ic. 

v. 2. 132. /. 197. Hort. Kew. 1. 411. 

Mart. Mill. Dift. IVilld. Sp. PL 2. p. 45. 
PANCRATIUM Jhllare. Saltjb. in Linn. Tranf. 2. p. 74. /. 14. 
LILIONARCISSUS albus maritimus major. Morif. Hijf. 2. 

feft. 4. /. 10. f. 29. p. 366. 
LILIONARCISSUS hemerocaliidis facie. Cluf. Hi/i. cap. xix. 

167. 168. cum Ic. Hort. Eyjl. Fern. 3. /. 

16. /. 1. 
NARCISSUS illyricus liliaceus. Baub. Pin. 55. SelaTbef.i 7 . 

t. 8. f. 1. Raii Hi/i. 1140. Boerh. Lugdb. 

2. p. 122. 
PANCR^VTII monfpeliaci hemerocaliidis valentinae facie Li- 

lionarciffus, vel narciffus tertius Mathioli, 

J. Baub. 2. 613. 
NARCISSUS marinus feu 3 Matth. Park. Parad. 95. Ger. 

emac. 173. 

Root a large tunicated roundifh bulb, elongated upwards, 
covered with feveral black-purple membranous integuments. 


Leaves bifarious, linear-oblong, very obtufe, fbmewhat chan- 
nelled, ratber flefhy. Scape upright, ancipital, varicofely 
nerved. Spathe bivalved, membranous, encompaffing a many- 
flowered umbel, pedicles fliorter than the germens, feparated 
by linear, the innermost ones of which become nearly 
obfolete. Flowers dull white, exceeding fragrant; tube filiform- 
trigonal, twice longer than the germen, but fhorter than the 
limb, which is fexpartite, ftellate ; legments divergent, linear- 
oblong, rather acute, unguiculately narrowed downwards, 
longitudinally emboffed, fides depreffed. Stamens campanu- 
lately arranged, from triquetral elongately fubulate, converging 
at their bales and filling the orifice of the tube, connected 
together downwards by a whitifh turbinate web or pellicle, 
which is fix-laciniate, fegments alternating with the ftamens 
and bifid : anthers linear-fagittate : liyle filiform, fomewhat 
attenuate upwards, {lightly curved, far flenderer than the 
ftamens : fiigma obfoletely deprefled-trigonal, equal to the 
limb. The fcent of the flowers, which expand in May, is not 
unlike that of the Mufk Hyacinth. The leaves die down 
before Winter. It often ripens its feeds, which are blacky 
roundifh, angularly preffed from juxtapofuion, contained in a 
trigonal capfule. 

A native of Sicily, Corfica, Spain, and Sardinia; Morison 
fays he found it near Rochelle, buried very deep in the fand 
of the fea-fhore. Thrives in the open ground when placed 
clofe to the foot of a wall in a dry fouthern border ; fo do 
Amaryllis vittata, belladonna and formofjfima, as we have 
feen at the Nurfery of Meffrs. GmMwoon and Wykes, 
Kenfington, where our drawing was taken. 

In Hort. Kcw. it is mentioned as a greenhoufe plant, but 
we never found it fucceed with that treatment. Is generally 
miftaken among the Nurferymen for Pancratium maritimum y 
a plant we have not yet found in bloom in our gardens. 

The bulbs of our fpecies are often imported from Holland 
with thofe of the Hyacinth. Cultivated by Parkinson in 
1615. G. 



Sti '.IJ» a rdf id jy>, h T. Curbs 

C 719 ] 

Gladiolus Segetum. Round-Seeded 

* » &fe * ,» *4 ft ftft NHJHfe 

C/itj/} aW Order, 

Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler.^-Vid. N os - 538 & 562. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

GLADIOLUS Jegetum. Spica fecunda, remotiufcula; limbo' 
campanulato-ringente ; lacinia fuperna majore 
lateralibus amote et incumbenter "imminente; 
reliquis inter fe fubaequalibus ; antheris fila- 
mcnta fuperantibus ; feminibus fubbaccatis, 
globofis, deorfum produ&is. G. 
GLADIOLUS Jpicatus. Ita Jignatur fpecimen e Delphinatu in 
Herb. Bank/l cum fpecimine Herb. Linn, collatum 
cui idem datiir titulus. 
GLADIOLUS communis. Bulliard Herb, de la France. Villars 
Dan ph. 2. 223. Allioni Flor. Fed. 85. 311.' 
Lamarck Encyc. 723. Tabl. Encyc. et Method. 
n6\ 505. /. 32. Desfont. Ft. All. 1. 35. fex- 
clufo e fynonymis Gladiolo communi. Curt.' 
Bet. Mag. 86.) 
GLADIOLUS vulgo GHIAGGIULO. Zannichelli 1ft. delle 

pi ante deilidi Vencti p. 13. tab. 53. //. 
GLADIOLUS. Tourn. Injt. p. 365. /. 19O. Mor. Hift. feci. 4. 
/. 4. /I 4. tantummodo vero quoad figuram ; 
defcriptio enini firnili notata numero alio fpec- 
tat. Hall. Helv. 1262. 
VICTORIALIS rotunda. Hort. Eyft. 4. Crd. Eftiv. Fl.foL 

10. f. 2. 
GLADIOLUS live XIPHIO\ T . J. Bauh. Hift. 2. 701. Gz~ 
ridelle Hift. 208. 

Obs. Nulla fpondemus fynonyma in au&oribus fupra citatis ab 
lpus addu&a, quse fa?pius crronea vcl ambiguu. G. 

The prefent -fpecies and Gladiolus communis (\'o. 86 of 
this work) have been ufually reckoned varieties of each otner, 


at leaft by the more modern Botanifts ; but, as we think, with- 
out reafon ; for the differences are feveral and material, the 
proofs of the one having contributed in any way to the pro- 
duction of the other, none. 

Our plant has a ("mailer bulb-tuber, flenderer leaves ; the 
larger or upper fegment of its corolla removed from between 
and fufpcnded over its lateral ones, not enclofed by them as 
in communis ; the upper lateral fegments are about equal to or 
even narrower than the three lower ones, while in that they 
are far broader ; the three lower ones are equal among them- 
i'clves, or the middle may be a little narrower, but in com* 
munis this is twice the broadeft ; the anthers are alfo longer 
than their filaments in this, which is not the cafe there ; and 
above all our fpecies may be diftinguifhed from the other by 
its round, folid, fubbaccate feeds, having a thin lamina of 
reddith pulp between their coats, but which is not quite fo 
thick as in Babiana, while in that they are dry, chaffy, and 
flat, edged with a broad membranous wing or border, formed 
of the tunic, which is much larger than its fmall cartilaginous 
nucleus, round which its vacant portion is preffed quite flat, 
nearly as in the Cape fpecies. 

Whenever we have fpoken of Gladiolus communis, this 
was the plant we had in view ; but as the other has been already 
publiflied, under that name, by Mr. Curtis, in this work, and 
fince it is often impoffible to determine which is meant by 
many Botanifts, we have thought fit to let the original name 
remain with that, though our plant is doubtlefsly included by 
Unnius in his books as a variety; or indeed may be the 
one he intends in his defcription. 

A native of Dauphiny and moft probably of other parts of 
South Europe. Desfontaines found it in Algiers. It grows 
among corn and in dry funny expofures on low hills. In our 
collections it is not now nearly fo common as the communis £ 
we found it in the Botanic Garden of Mr. Salisbury, Bromp- 
ton, where the drawing was taken ; quite hardy, flowering about 
May or June, and propagates abundantly both by feed and offsets. 
We have no doubt but that there are other European fpecies, 
that have merged as varieties of each other under one title, but 
which we fhall endeavour to detect and diftinguifh in our 
numbers. The Bankfian Herbarium contains a feeded fpeci- 
men, which feems to be our plant, brought from Madeira, by 
Mr. Masson. According to Zannichelli (who gives an 
accurate defcription of the plant) our fpecies grows in the Ve- 
netian territory, and varies much in the number of flowers; it 
is called Ghiacgiulq by the inhabitants. G. 


SvljEixanltJel. J>uh, fry .T.Curtif 


[ 720 ] 

Albuca Minor. Lesser Albuca. 

Oafs and Order, 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

CorolU lacinijE 3 interiores conniventes apice crafliufculo, 
3 extimae patentes. Stamina 3 his oppofita fterilia, camera 3 
fertilia ? Stylus pyramidato-inverfus. Stigma acutum, triplici 
mucrone cinclum. Semina plana. Juss. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

ALBUCA minor bulbo compreflb-rotundo, fubrapoide ; foliis 
fubulato-linearibus, canaliculars, glabris, jobtufe 
carinatis; floribus nutamibus, pedunculis ere&iuf- 
culis, recurvatis, fubadfcendentibus; bra&eis acu- 
minatis, cito fphacelatis ; (tigmatibus trigono- 
obconicis, acutis, papillofo-hirtis. G. 

ALBUCA minor. Linn. Sp. PL ed. 2. 438. Syjl. Veg. Murr. 
326. Dryand. Acl. Holm. 1784. p. 294. TbunK 
eod. 1786. 58. Prod. 65. Hort. Kew. 1. 436. Mart. 
Mill. Dic7. Willd. Sp. PL 2. 100. JUL a Redoute 

t. 21. 

ALBUCA lutea. (3. Lamarck Encyc. 76. 

OR NIT HOG ALUM canadenfe. 0. Linn. Sp. PL ed. 1. p. 308. 
ORNITHOGALUM africanum flore viridi altero alien m- 
nato. Herm. Parad. 209. /. 209. 

Bulb round, comprefled, in flefli and form not unlike that of 
a white turnep-radifh. Leaves 3, about equal to the Rem, 
fubulatcly linear, upright, fmooth, channelled, femicylindric 
outwards ; ftern from a foot to a foot and half high, round, 
glaucous; rachis flexuofe; flowers green-yellow, fcentlefs, 
fcarcely an inch and half in diameter, arranged in an upright 
raceme; peduncles long, almoit upright, recurved upwards, 
fubafcendent, upper ones gradually fhorter ; braftes ovate- 

acuminate, convolute, feVeral times fhorter than die peduncles, 
quickly withering. The three outer petals of the corolla 
rotate, linear-oblong, flattifh, in.curvedly hollowed at their 
tips and thickened, cohering at their bafes beneath the inner 
ones, which are upright, clofely converging into an oblong 
fubventricofe cup which envelops the parts of fructification, 
afFording the appearance of a flower within a flower ; thefe 
petals are broader than the outer ones, oval-oblong, concave, 
terminated by an inflected, fubreniform, thickly glandular ap- 
pendage, pubefcent outwards, and under which the alternate 
fertile anthers are concealed ; filaments flat, thong-lhaped, 
about equal to the inner petals, the three that (land upon the 
outer ones of which are fterile and thicker; ferule ones dilated 
at the bafe and convolute ; anthers many times fhorter than 
thefe, fmall, yellow; piftil about equal to the corolla, forming 
a prifmatic column fomewhat obconic or vertical ; ftyles very 
fhort, making with the three hirfute concrete ftigmas a tri- 
gonally clubbed acute {haft about the length of the germen. 

Found by Thunberg at the Cape growing in company 
■with Albuca major in fandy waftes near Saldanha Bay, where 
it ufually attains the height of a foot. 

The drawing was taken at the Nurfery of MeflYs. GrimwooO 
and Wykes, Kenfington ; it fhould be kept with the hardier 
Cape bulbs in the greenhoufe planted in a fmall pot of light 
fandy peat-earth and the root protected from too much moifture 
while at reft. According to the Hortus Kewenfis, it was cul- 
tivated by Miller in 1768. Dr. Dryander's fpecimen 
had all the filaments fterile, in ours only the alternate ones 
were fo. It approaches very near to AtsvcAfragrans ; but 
is quite fcentlefs. G. 


No. 711, 1. 15, pro " in" lege " ex." 

No. 712, p. 2, 1.6, after M tribe" add, * c ever imported into Europe at 
one time." 

No. 713, 1. 22, for " nodules" read <{ rofules." 

•In the plate of Hypoxis eredct, No. 710, a ftamen has been accidentally- 
omitted, as five only are there Ihewn inftead of fix ; — and in that of Atrageke 
capenjis, No. 716, the hairs on two of the external petals have been omitted by 
the engraver. 


t 7** ] 


Clafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia, 

Generic Character. 

Cat. 2-plex : infcrus 6-phyllus. Cor. longiflima, contorta* 
Cap/, 2-locularis, 2-valvis, coronata. Semina pappofa. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

HILLIA longifiora; corollis fexfidis : laciniis lanceolatis re- 
volutis, foliis ovatis acutis. Swartz Prod. 58. Obf. 
*35« *• 5- /• *• Willd. Sp. PL v. 2. p. 239. Mart. 
Mill. Die/, n. 1. Bot. RepoJ. 145. 

HILLIA parafitica. Sp. PL 1662. Jacq. Amer. 96. /. 66. 

FEREIRA. Vandelli in Roemer PL Hifp. up. 98. /. 6./. 8. 

This very rare plant flowered in Mr. Woodford's ftove at 
Vauxhall, in November laft, filling the whole houfe in the even- 
ing with its fragrance. It was imported from the Weft-Indies, 
"where it is indigenous in feveral of the iflands, growing on the 
mountains among the roots of trees, but not parafitical according 
to Swartz. Jacquin fays that it occurs likewife on old 
walls. Swartz places this genus in the natural order of 
Contorts between Gardenia and Cerbera, but Jussieu fe- 
parates thefe two, placing the former in the order of Rubiacea, 
with which he joins this, the latter in that of Apocinc<e, the 
Contorts of Linnaus. It may be confidered perhaps as 
a connecting link between the two orders, approaching 
nearer to Contort £ in the twifled fegments of the corolla 
and the pappous feeds, and to Rubiace<e in habit. 

The name was given by Jacquin in honour of Sir Joiim 
Hill, author of feveral voluminous but ufelefs Botanical 

W.J 22 

[ 722 ] 

Trichosanthes Anguina. Snake-Gourde 

Clafs and Order. 

Moncecia Syngenesia. 

Generic Charafier. 

Masc Cal. 5-dentatus. Cor. 5-partita, ciliata. Filam. 3. 
FjEm. Cal. 5-dentatus. Cor. 5-partita, ciliata. Stylus 3-fidus. 
Pomum oblong um. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

TRICHOSANTHES anguina; pomis teretibus oblongis in- 

curvis. Hort. Cliff. 450. Sp. PL 1432. 
Hort. Kew. 3. p. 379. Reich. 4. p. 199. 

ANGUINA finenfis, flore albo elegantiflimo, fructu oblongo 

intorto. Mich. Gen. 12. /. 9. Mill. Ic* 
21. /. 32. 

CUCURBITA finenfis, fruftu longo anguino vario flore can- 
dido capillamentis tenuiflimis ornato, 
till. Dif. 49. /. 22. Sabbat. Hort. Rom. 
1. /. 71. 

The Snake-Gourd is a native of China, where its fruit is 
eaten. Was introduced into Europe about the year 1720, and 
feems at firft to have attracted confiderable attention from the 
Angularity of its fringed flowers and fnake-fhaped fruit, which 
laft is alfo curious from the rapidity of its growth. Was culti- 
vated by Miller in Chelfea Garden, in the year 1755, whopub- 
lifhed a figure of it, but not to be compared with that of Mich e li. 
Like many other annuals which excite but a fhort lived cu- 
riofity, this plant foon difappeared, and perhaps there are few 
perfons now that have ever feen it in this country, though it 
will produce ripe feeds with us if fown on a hotbed early in 
the Spring and treated in the fame manner as cucumbers and 

Our drawing was taken at Meflrs. Whitley and Brame's, 
Old Brompton, where it was raifed from feeds fent over by 
the amiable Lady of Sir Henry Gwillim, one of the Judges 
of the Supreme Court of Judicature at Madras, whofe pencil 
delineates fubje£ls of Natural Hiftory with unufual elegance 
and accuracy. 


C 723 ] 

Gentia^a Adscendens (var.Q.) Dwarf 
Porcelain-Flowered Gentian. 

4fr $4fc ♦■* *-fr $-$ #• $•$-$•$. *■ $• ## 

C/<z/j> and Order. 
Pentandria Digynia. 

Generic Characler. 

Cor. l-petala. Cap/. 2-valvis, 1-locularis. Receptaculis 2 

Specific Char abler and Synonyms. 

GENTIANA adfeendens ; corollis campanulatis quinquefidis 
inter lacinias dentatis, calycibus latere dehif- 
centibus fubtridentatis, foliis lanceolatis : radi- 
calibus elongatis. 

|S. Caule fimplici decumbente. 

The foliage, the form of the corolla, and above all the lin- 
gular calyx, leave no room to doubt that this is a variety of 
the one figured No. 705, to which we refer for a more parti- 
cular account of the fpecies. 

The defcription in the Supplementum Plantarum appears 
to be from this, and the figures of Pallas and of Gmelin 
from an intermediate variety. 

Introduced by Mr. Loddiges from Siberia, by whom we 
were favoured with the plant from which our drawing was 


iyJ.EJw,trdt j.>/. JPub. bv T.L 


[ 724 •] 

Stapelia Revoluta, Revolute* 
Flowered Stapelia. 

•^•J,* "^"JjJ' '^•■^ ^5"^jJ"$jj» , 5jf ■^fc - "^S - ^j*"^ •^"v,«'"5jS' 

Clafs and Order. 
Pentandria Digynia. 

Generic Charafler. 
Contorta. Neilarium duplici ftellula tegente genitalia, 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

STAPELIA revoluta; ramis tetragonis ereftis dcnticulatis : 
dentibus patentibus, corolla glabra, laciniis ci- 
liatis acutis revolutis. Maff. Stap. 12. /. 10. 

STAPELIA revoluta; corollis quinquefidis glabris, laciniis 
ovatis margine pilofis revolutis, pedunculis co- 
rolla brevioribus, caule tetragono bafi ramofo 
ereclofuperne florifero. Willd. Sp.PL v.x.t. 1277. 

The Stapelia revoluta is very little branched ; branches 
quite ereft, long, quadrangular, with the fides hollowed out : 
teeth obtufe, patent. Flowers fubfolitary on very fhort pe- 
duncles. Segments of the calyx acute. Corolla fmooth, very 
flefhy : fegments revolute, margin fringed with club-fhaped 
vibratory glands, quivering with the leaft breath of air. Nec'lary 
fmall, funk in a hollow with a contracted opening : fegments 
five, radiate, oval, ferrate at the tip; between each fegment is a 
horn-like bipartite procefs, the internal branch of which is 
longer, ereft, and dilated at the point ; the external one is 
fhorter, patent, and acute. Between each of thefe horns is 
placed a black mining gland to which the lobes of the anther 
or, as called by fome, pollen mafTes, in every fpecies of Stapelia 
we have examined, are attached. Thefe lobes in molt fpecies 
lie concealed under the horn-like proceffes, but in this they 
feem expofed to the air, only covered with a thicker coat than 
ufual of a dull purple colour. In fome fpecimens the minute 
variegation below the fegments of the corolla is not feen, but 
the whole of this part is of an uniform colour. A native of the 
Cape of Good-Hope, growing under {hrubs in dry fields in 
Karro beyond Noord Olifant's River, flowering in Septem- 
ber and O&ober. 

Our drawing was taken at Mr. Woodford's, Vauxhall, in 
July 1801. We have likewife a drawing of the fame fpecies, 
taken at Meffrs. Grimwood and Wykes's. Cultivation the 
fame as for the other fpecies. 



C 725 ] 

Amaryllis Curvifolia. Glaucous- 
Leaved Amaryllis. 

Clafs and Order, 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — Vid. N um - 66 1. 

Specific Charabler and Synmyms. 

AMARYLLIS curvifolia (umbella multiflora) conVexa j foliii 
glaucinis, lineari-loratis, parum attenuates, 
obtufatis, enerviis, fubfalcatis una hinc caefim 
deflexulis, concaviufculis, extus convexulis ; 
laciniis regularibus obiter connexis, ftellato- 
revolutis, lineari-oblongis, fubundulatis ; ge- 
nitalibus fafciculatim erectioribus, longioribus ; 
ftigmatibus obfcurius trinis. G. 

AMARYLLIS curvifolia. Jacq. Hort. Schoenb. 1. />. 33. /. 
64. mild. Sp. PL 2. 59. 

AMARYLLIS lothergillia. Bot. Rep. t. 163. 

Nomen vix retinendum uti parum conjians, manife/lum, aut privums 
melius fuppeditaffet glauca foliorum fades. G. 

Bulb tunicated, ovate, covered by integuments the textile 
part of which is finer than in thofe of bumilis and farnienjis> 
being pearly as fine as cobweb, but their coating thicker and 
more cruftaceous. Scape round, longer than the leaves, which 
are glaucous, oblong-linear or thong-fhaped, flightly attenuated* 
blunt, depreffed along the middle* fomewhat convex under- 
neath and paler, nervelefs, falcate edgeways and gently de- 
flected in the fame direction. Spathe as ufual in the genus* 
containing a many-flowered convex umbel of bright glittering 
fcarlet flowers, without fcenu Corolla regular, revolutely 

Hell ate j 

ftellate ; fegments (lightly cohering for a very fhort di Ranee 
at their bafe, linear-oblong, fubunguiculate, acute, fubundulate. 
Parts oi fructification falcicled, ftraightifh, rather longer than 
the corolla. Stigma obfoletely trifid. Germen bright green, 
turbinate- fphaeroid. Blooms at various feafons ; is generally 
treated as a Hove plant ; though we (liould think it would 
do better at the foot of a fouthern wall with belladonna^ but 
not planted too mallow. 

According to the Bankfian Herbarium, our plant was brought 
into the Kew Gardens about 1788, from the Cape ; Jacouin 
received it from the fame place. There is a gardening tra- 
dition that it was likewife received from Japan by the late 
Dr. Fothergill ; if fo, this, with belladonna and farnienjis> 
would make the third fpecies of the genus that is common to 
the Cape as w^rll as to countries immenfely diftant from it ; but 
we confefs that we place no reliance whatever on the ftory 
beyond its bare poffibility. 

Our drawing was taken at MefTrs. Grimwoop and Wykes's, 
Jvenfington. G, 





-C 726 ] 

Amaryllis Humilis. Divaricate- 
Petaled Amaryllis. 

Oafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — Fid. N um - 661. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

AMARYLLIS humilis (umbella multiflora) foliis linearibus, 
fubcanaliculatis, obtufatis; corolla recurvato- 
patentiflima, fubirregulari ; laciniis ligulatis, 

unguiculatis, csefim aflurgentibus, furfum un- 

dulatim crifpantibus, infimis binis divaricatis ; 
genitalibus affurgentibus ; ftigmatibus trinis, 
patentibus. G. 

AMARYLLIS humilis. Jacq. Hort. Schoenb. 1. p. 36. /. 69. 
JVilld. Sp. PI. 2. 60. 

Specie! tituJus infelicior ob fcapum non raro bipedalem. G. 

This differs from undnlata (No. 369) in having its leaves 
more bluntly pointed, the corolla more irregular, outer feg- 
ments without the cornif'orm mucro that exifts in the other, 
the two lower of thefe divaricating edgeways, and further in 
having three very diftinct filiform patent ftigmas. 

Bulb tunicate, ovate-oblong, enveloped by numberlefs very 
thin integuments, formed by an intermediate duftiie web, of 
very (lender filky tough fibres, coated with a gloffy fmooth 
cuticle or membrane. Leaves oblong-linear, fomeu-hat chan- 
nelled, rounded at their points. Stem round, longer than the 
leaves, terminated by a bivalved fpathe, which furrounds an 
umbel with from fix to twenty flowers, without fcent, of a 
purplifh rofe colour variegated with paler tints ; pedicles fili- 
form and longer than the fpathe. Corolla, fo deeply fix-parted 


that the fegments can fcarcely be faid to cohere ; thefe are 
ftellately recurved, fomewhat irregular, linear-oblong, unguu 
culate, fubligulate, affurgent, converging by their edges, two 
lower ones at length divaricately remote ; laminae undulately 
curled, acute ; fides flightly reflexed. Germen green, de- 
preffed-fphaeroid, tritorofe, trifulcate ; parts of fructification 
declined-affurgent, fhorter than the corolla; ftigmas three, 
patent, recurved. Jacquin has figured two varieties, the 
fmaller one of which approaches nearer to undulaia in fize 
than the other does ; but is as diftind from it in every other 
part as this is. 

Our drawing was made at Meffrs. Colville's Nurfery, in 
the King's-Road, where it flowers freely every year towards 
the latter-end of the Summer, is often taken for unduiata, and 
in fome gardens is called crifpa y the name of a very diftinft 
fpecies. We know nothing of the time when nor by whom 
it was imported. Jacquin received his bulbs from the 
Cape. G, 


No. 553, I. 10, pro " fipantibm," lege " fiipantm" 

No. 569, 1. 16, pro " lateribus," lege " aciebus." 

No. 57 », 1. 10, poll *' coalitis," infere " gaudent." 

No. 574, I. ultima, pro " Watsonia ahtroides," lege «« Watsoniam 

No. 597, 1. 28, for •« charafteriftic," read '• character." 
No. 610, 1. 17, poft '« dum," infere " plants." 

. 18, pro '« dilatatis," lege " latefcentibus." 

No. 641, 1. 12, pro •« tuxicatus" lege •• <vejiitw." 

No. 652, p. 2, I. ult. for M the valve," read •• a valve.'* 

No. 709, 1. 17, pro w circunuiffe" lege " drcum/cife." 

No. 709, p. 2, 1. 10, for " are," read " becomes." 

No, 717, p. 2, I. 27, aftet " many, add " individual plants." 


T z l 

VA~£*L ^tyIQa-tis,S*'Ge0:CKfient2iar.i.u 


ayvm rcu, r 

[ 727 ] 

Gladiolus Hirsutus (0). Variegated 
Shaggy Cornflag. 

# $ ft # ft $ • $$#$ % %% %.%$$$$ < 

Clafs and Order. 
Tria^idria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — Fid. N os - 538 8c 562. 

Specific Cbaraf/er. — Fid. fuperius N um - 574, pro reliquis Syna* 
nymist Infra de novo ordinantur varietates. 

(u) aphyllus ; fiorifer, foliis totis vaginofis, remotis, cauli ar6te 
adaptatis ; jterilis, folio uiiico, acuminato-lineari, ftrifto, vil- 
lofo, trinervio ; fpatharum valvulis integerrimis utrifque* 
Inodorus. Precox. G. 

GLADIOLUS brevifolius. Jacq. ic.rar. 2. 249. Coll. 4. 156. 

mud. sp. pi. 1. 213. 

GLADIOLUS triftis. (i) aphyllus : corollis albido-incarnatis, 

quaternis, fecundis, fcapo pedali. Thanh* 

Dif 8. 

(j3) brevifolius j caulinorumfoliorum altero fere femper nonnihil 

in laminam pubefcentem produclo ; floribus aliquantum ma- 

joribus; utrifque valvulis integerrimis. Inodorus. Pracox. G. 

GLADIOLUS brevifolius. Jacq. Fragm. 3- 12. /. 2./. 3. qucm 

tauten fugiebat folii pubefccntia. 
GLADIOLUS cameus. Bot. Rep. tab. 240. 
GLADIOLUS triftis. (k) ruber, corollis albido-incarnatis, 
fubfecundis, immaculatis ; fcapo fubaphyllo, 
fubpedali. Thiinb. loc. cit. 
(y) villofmf cuius ; foliis caulinis linearibus, confpicuius villofis, 
ultra vaginofam partem longe productis; in univerfum major. 
Serior. G. 
GLADIOLUS villofiuf cuius. Herb. Bankf. 
GLADIOLUS triftis. (I) purpureas, corollis albido-purpureisj 
fubternis, immaculatis, fcapo foliofo pedali* 
Ibunb. loc. cit. 
GLADlOLtJS flore firme regulari miniato anguftifolius. 

Breyn. cent. 24. tab. xii.f. 1. 
(<T) hirfatus ; tota planta praegrandior, firmior, foliis enfiformi- 
bus, hirfutis; corolla geniculato-recurva. Odorus. Serior. G* 
GLADIOLL^S hirfutus. (3) rofeus, nobis fuperius in No. 574, 
quo petenda alia fua fynonyma. 

(«) mcrianellus 3 

(s) merianellus ; corolla ea prsscedentis graciliore ; unguibns 
in faucem cylindrico-produ&am conferventibus ; inde laminis 
curtatis. G. 

GLADIOLUS hirfulus. (y) temtiflorus, nobis he. cit. uli -pri- 
viora ijlius fynonyma querenda. G. 

Obs. Jam tandem omifimus plurcs minus memorabiles varietates, ut et 
flatus, ipfas quoque ludentes. Noluimus, cum Jacquino, in tanto totius adeo 
peculiaris habitus confenfu, earum quatnpiam de aliis fejungere in fpeciem ; 
parvi facientes (faiva part turn proportione) molis odoris vel pracocitatis dif- 
ferent ias t ni if as aliqua fpeeialior comitaretur ratio aliter jubens. G. 

This fmall flowered variety bloflbms as early as January. 
Jacquin makes it a diftintl fpecies from the hirfutiis of our 
No. 574 ; he had overlooked its pubefcence, which when 
not i'earched for, by holding the plant againtt the light, is not 
eafily perceived ; but is fo far material as it ferves to confirm 
that clofe relation to the other varieties fo ftrongly marked 
in all its other parts. 

Bulb-tuber round, comprefled, covered with fmooth fibro- 
coriaceous, rind-like, brown integuments. Stem 1 — 2 feet 
high, round, jointed, upright, apparently naked, but clofely 
enveloped, for more than half its height, by fmooth, clofe- 
fitting, fheath-like leaves, ending in remote, fliort, acute points, 
the upper one being often extended for a fliort diftance beyond 
the (heath ; flerile bulbs produce from out a longim, com- 
prefled, coloured root-iheath a fingle, narrow, linear, acu- 
minate, upright, ftiffifli, pubefcent leaf, generally fomewhat 
twilled and three-nerved. Both valves of the fpathes quite 
entire, about equal with the faux. Limb of the corolla cy- 
hndro-campanulate, fubringent, nodding ; fegments twice 
longer than the tubular part ; upper one broadeft, obovate- 
lanceolate, concave, enclofed between its lateral ones ; thefe 
narrower and more acute ; lower ones narroweft, conniving 
into a propendent nether lip ; the middle fegment is over- 
fpread by the lides of the other two, than which it is rather 
wider, and from which it is not fo deeply divided as thefe from 
the reft ; the under fide of the faux is trijugofe or ftreaked 
with three prominent ridges formed of the rachides of the 
lower concrete portion of the fegments. Organs of fabri- 
cation fhorter than corolla. Anthers dark-coloured, 3—4 
times longer than the filaments. 

The drawing was made from a plant received from the Cape 
by Meflrs. Giumwood and Wyres of Kenfington. G. 

[ 7 2 $ ] 

Ornithogalum Arabicum. Large- 
Flowered Star of Bethlehem. 

C7tf/} j/?<i Order. 
Hexandria Mo nog yn i a. 

Generic Charatler. — Fid. N um ' 653. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

ORNITHOGALUM arabicum corymbo fimplici, muhifloro j 

bra&eis membran?.ceLs, cordato-convo- 
lutis, roilrato-attenuatis, lente inflec- 
tentibus ; laciniis de campanulatis ro- 
faceo-patemiffimis, ovato-oblongis, cx~ 
timis indentato-obtufatis ; filamemis 
plano-fubulatis ; gertnine turbinato- 
fphaerico, obiter fexfulcato, toties toru- 
lofo ; ftigmate trilobo-capitellato. G. 

ORNITHOGALUM arabicum. Linn. Sp. Pi. 441. ? (Vi.v ; 

fed fynonyma flint plantae noftrae. Sot, 
MSS.) Mart. Milt. Diil. mild. Sp. 
PL 2. 123. Horl. Kew. 1. 412. La- 
marck 4. 616. ;;. lg. Desf. FL Atl. 1. 

ORNITHOGALUM umbellatum maximum. Bauh. Pin. 6g. 

Rttdb. Ely/. 2. 130. f. 1. 

LILIUM alexandrinum, five O. magnum. Bauh. Hiji. 2. />. 


ORNITHOGALUM arabicum multiflorum album umbilico 

interiore nigro. Swcrt. FL t. $j. 

ORNITHOGALUM arabicum. Cluf. Hiji. 1. p. 186. Jacin- 

tho del Paternofter. id. app. alt. Park. 
Par ad. 134. /. 137. f. 1. Hort. Eyjh 
Fern. Ord. 5. tab. antepenult, optima. 

MELANOMPHALE. Renealme Sp. Hiji. PL 89. /. 90. 

Cum Limnzus originem fuee Jiirpi tribuerit capenfcm, ejufquc filamenta 
Jubemarginata et connata vocaverit, aliam cum defcripjijj'e fpeciem, thyrfoidem 
puta, baud dubitandum ; cui male 7ioftr<z planta: adpofuit fynonyma. G 

We prefent our readers with a fpecies of this genus that 
has been remarked, from the days of Clusius and Parkin- 

son to our own, for an unufual reluclance to enliven the 
gardens, on this fide the Alps and Pyrenees, with its gay 
fragrant bloflbms : or if by chance a fingle root has been 
found to reward fo far the affiduity of a cultivator, it has 
been but for once, and then frefhly imported ; when, moil 
probably, the flower-bud had been formed in the country from 
which it was brought ; this either rots immediately after the 
effort, or waftes itfelf in the producing an offspring that 
here continues flerile. Thus much is afcertained as to the 
Levant plant, and we fear, the fame will be found to be true 
in regard to that from Madeira, whence our fpecimen was 
brought by Captain Grey of the Navy. As yet no difference 
has been deteBed between the individuals of this fpecies from 
thefe mutually remote regions ; though the whole habit is fo very 
peculiar, that, did any really exift, it would not be difficult 
to be difcovered. But we are the more inclined to believe 
them perfeQly fimilar, fince we know, beyond a doubt, that 
thefe countries do poffefs feveral other fpecies of vegetables 
in common. 

Bulb tunicate, white, about the fize of a walnut. Leaves 
attenuately thong-fhaped, lax, convex outwards, about an inch 
or more broad, mining, minutely ciliate, more or lefs caudate, 
in native fpecimens 1—2 feet in length. The beauty of the 
flowers is Angularly increafed by the contrad of their large, 
umbonate, black-green germen ; whence Renealme, who 
found it growing fpontaneoufly in Egypt, near the town of 
Alexandria, named the plant Melanomphale. Outer feg- 
ments generally bearing a corniform mucro that iffues from 
beneath the teeth. Filaments upright, flightly patent, twice 
fliorter than the corolla. Germen turbinate-fphzeroid, flightly 
fixiulcate ; ftyle ftraight, filiform-trigonal. Stigma capitate, 
trilobate, fubpubefcent. 

Clusius tells us that the bulbs were ufed to be brought 
from Conftaminople to Vienna, and called by the Turks I.nnbul 
Arabi or ) Arabian bulbs. In Italy it was named the Alexan- 
drian Lily cr Jacintho del Paternofter. 

Lamarck met with the plant in great abundance on the 
fandy plains of Barbary, efpecially in the country of the 
Zulmis, where it blooms in April. Desfontaines fays, it 
grows in the fields round Algiers. The Levant plant was cul- 
tivated m this country by old Parkinson, who feems to have 
made it flower, at leaft once, though Miller never could. 
The Madeira plant was firft introduced into Kew Gardens by 
Mr. Masson. 

Our drawing was taken at Mr. Colville's Nurfery, 
v^neiica. 0. 

J:' 72t 

Tl'urliA S< (-,,;■ 

[ 729 ] 

Cheiranthus Tristis. Dark-Flowered 


Oafs and Order. 
Tetradynamia Siliquosa. 

Generic Charabler. 

Germen utrinque denticulo glandulato. Cal. claufus : foliolis 
2 bali gibbis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms* 

CHEIRANTHUS trifiis ; foliis linearibus fubfinuatis, flori- 

bus feffilibus : petalis undatis, caule fuf- 

fruticofo. Sp. PL 925. Willd. 3. 522. 

Reich. 3. p. 266. Mart. Mill. Dift. a. 15. 

Allion. Ped. 3. 991. Hort. Kew. 2. 397. 
CHEIRANTHUS foliis lanceolato linearibus acutis glabris, 

filiquis teretibus. Hort. Cliff. 332. Hort. 

Up). 188. 
LEUCOIUM minus. Barr. ic. 999. n. 1. 2. 803. (1019. ?) 

Bocc. Muf. 148. /. 111. 

A native of the South of Europe, and though marked in 
the Kew catalogue as hardy, is not fufnciently fo to Hand the 
feverity of our Winters fecurely. It is better to confider it 
as a greenhoufe plant, and fo treated it has a fhrubby (talk, 
and flowers early in the Summer. The whole plant is downy 
and the flowers have much the fame fombre hue as Hesperis 
irijlisy and when more nearly examined have the like beauti- 
ful veining ; are fcentlefs in the day time, but when the even- 
ing arrives exhale an odour to us very grateful ; though 
Linn ms fays, * Flores trifles colore et odore." It is a curious; 
faft, that moil flowers having this peculiar melancholy afpe£t fc 
poflefs a fimilar nigbt-fmelling quality. 

Cultivated by Philip Miller, in 1768. May be propa- 
gated by feeds or cuttings. 

Our drawing was taken at the Botanic Garden, Brampton, 

[ 730 ] 

Hesperis Tristis. Night-Smellino 

♦ ♦♦jMjM* *-*# ♦♦♦♦♦♦ft - 

Clafs and Order. 


Generic Char after. 

Petala oblique flexa. Glandula intra ftamina breviora. Silt* 
qua ftriQa. Stigma bafi bifurca apice connivente. Cat. claufus. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

HESPERIS triftis ; caule hifpido ramofo patente. Sp. PL 
927. Reich. 3. p. 269. JVilld. 3. 530. Jacq. 
FL Auji. 2. p. 1. t. 102. Hort. Up/. 187. Jacq. 
Find. 118. Crantz. Auft. p. 31. 

HESPERIS caule hifpido procumbente. Hort. Cliff. 335. 

HESPERIS montana pallida odoratiflima. Bauh. Pin. 202. 
Morif. Hift. 2. 252. /. 3. /. 10. /. 3. Cluf. Pan, 
333. montana et prima, Cluf. Hift. 

HESPERIS pannonica. Cam. Hort. t. 18. Park. Parad. 262. 

VIOLA matronalis flore obfoleto. Ger. emac. 462. f. 3. 

LEUCOIUM melancholicum. Hort. Eyft. Ger. emac. 463. 

/• 4- t 

A hardy biennial plant of no jfhew, but worthy of cultiva- 
tion for the fake of its agreeable fcent, which however it does 
not give out in the day time. 

Miller fays, that the ladies in Germany have pots of it 
placed in their apartments, from whence it obtained the ap- 
pellation of Dame's Violet; but this name feems not to 
have been exclusively applied to this fpecies, perhaps more 
ufually to the Hesperis matronalis. 

Is propagated by feeds, of which it produces abundance in 
very long ftraight pods flightly twitted. Thefe growing at 


right angles with the ftem, give the plant when in fru&ifica- 
tion a very fcrambling appearance. Requires a dry foil and 
a warm fuuation, being lefs hardy than the Garden Rocket, 
and more fubjecl: to rot in the Winter, on which account 
Miller recommends that fome plants mould be kept under 
a frame during this feafon, as the fure way to preferve them. 
Flowers in May and June. 

Cultivated by Miller in 1739, and perhaps more than a 
century before, by Johnson the editor of Gerard's Herbal,, 
though the leaves of his figure of Leucoium melancholicum 
being jagged makes this doubtful. 

Our drawing was taken at Melfrs t Grimwood and Wxkes\ 

C 731 ] 


Clafs and Order, 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Co?, campanulata. Stylus inter germina. Sem. 5 baccata, 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

NOLANA proftrata. Sp. PI. 202. Linn. Dec. 1. /. 2. Mant. 

334. Syjt. Veg. 191. Reich. 407. Willi. Sp. PL 1. 

794. Sabbat. Hort. Rom. v. l. A 4. Mart. Mill. 

Dili. Gart. Frucl. 2. 242. /. 132. Hort. Kew. 

v. 1. p. 190- 
ATROPA foliis geminatis, calycibus polycarpis, caule humi- 

fufo. Gouan. Hort. 82. c. tab. Kniph. Orig. x. n. 13. 
WALKERIA. Ehret. Acl. Ang. 1763. v. 53. p. 130. /. 10. 
ZWINGERA. Acl. Heh. 5. p. 267. /. 1. 
NEUDORFFIA peruviana repens, flore casruleo. Adanf. 

PL Fam. 219. 
TEGANIUiM procumbens. SchmideL Ic. 67. /. 18. 

The No lan a projlrata is a native of Peru, a country to 
which a large proportion of the tender annuals that ornament 
our flower gardens at the clofe of Summer owe their origin. 
The flowers are of a pale blue colour beautifully ftreaked 
from the centre with veins of dark purple, and when ex- 
panded are very pleafing to the eye ; but unfortunately this 
is only while the fun fliines. . . 

There appears to have been fome difficulty in determining 
the natural order to which this plant belongs ; Jussieu con- 
fiders it as neareft related to his Borraginea (afpcrifolU of 
Linn^us) to which order it is-alfo added in the pofthumous 


leftures of Linnaeus, publiflied by Giseke, but Gartner 
feems to have fatisfaQorily decided it to belong more properly 
to the Jolanete or luridte of Link^eus. In habit it approaches 
to Convolvulus, and particularly to Convolvulus tricolor. 

To have it flower early enough to ripen its feeds, it mould 
be fown in March or April on a gentle hot-bed with other 
tender annuals, and may be planted in the open border by the 
latter end of May, or if intended to be kept in a pot, Miller 
directs that they mould be planted fingly, when of a proper 
fize, in a fmall pot filled with light earth and plunged into a 
frefh hot-bed to bring them forward. Cultivated by Miller 
in the year 1761. 

Has received a variety of names from different Botanifts, 
but that given by Linn^us, from Nolo, a little bell, now 
'univerfally prevails. 

Our drawing was taken at the Botanic Garden, Brompton. 



MEiwlr lei Fllh. fy T 

C 732 ] 

Convolvulus Sepium (£) Americanus. 
American Great Bindweed. 

# 3 $ f ft $ 4c $ $ $ $ $&■$ $ $ ft fr 

C/iz/} #7/^ Order. 

Pentandria Monogynia, 

Generic Charatler. 

Cor. campanulata plicata. Stigm. 2. Cap/. 2-locularis : \o- 
culis difpermis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

CONVOLVULUS fepinm ; Foliis fagittatis poftice truncatis, 
pedunculis tetragonis unifloris, bra&cis 
cordatis calyci approximatis. Smith FU 
Br. 1. 233. 

CONVOLVULUS Jepium. Sp. PL 218. Curt. Lond. 

a. Europaus i corollis albis. 

P Americanus ; corollis incarnatis. 

Synonyma authorum, utpote ad varietatem europaam periinenini^ 

i)ix hujus loci videntur. 

This plant has been cultivated feveral years at the Botanic 
Garden, Brompton, and appears to differ very little, except 
in the colour of its flowers, from the common great Bindweed, 
"which occurs in almoft every hedge in the vicinity of London. 
The hinder lobes of the leaves are not indeed fo decided iv 
truncate, but this circumftance being evidently fomewh^i 
influenced by culture in the common variety alfo, we dare not 
from thence form a fpecific difference. 

It poffeffes all the elegance of the common fort, which 
appears fo beautiful in its wild ftate, is equally hardy ; and 
from the different colour of its bloffoms, if mixed with thai, 
cannot fail of having an exceeding good effect, where fuch 
plants are wanted to cover a dead hedge or decorate a living 

The European Convolvulus Jepium fometimes bean 
flowers flightly tinged with red, but we never faw them ap- 
proach the colour of the American variety. 

,);•,/ EJwar.Lt del, full hx TCwtU. S.*&k ' t >,/.'< // ! Apr I /,!', •/ FS^n/nm JcJp. 

C 733 3 

Amaryllis Belladonna (&). Belladonna 


Clafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Charaller.—Vid. N um - 66 1. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

AMARYLLIS belladonna (faace nuda> umbella multiflora) 
fcapo folido, comprefTo, foliis praecociore ; us 
lorato-linearibus, acuto-canaliculatis, obtufo- 
carinatis ; corolla infundibuliformi, fubregu- 
lari, refta, fubnutante, furfum recurvato- 
patente, deorfum breviter concreta, laminis 
lanceolatis ; fligmatibus obfcurius trinis ; fe- 
minibus fubglobofis. G. 

AMARYLLIS belladonna. Linn. Sp. PL 421. SyJI. Veg. Murr. 
320. J. Mill, illujlr. ic. L Merit. Sert. AngL 
12. Hort. Kezv. 1. 417. Mart. Mill. DicJ. 
Willd. Sp. PL 2, 54. exclufis paflim Sloane, 
Herman, Seba, Merian et Swartz Amaryl- 
lidem equejlrem volenti bus. 

AMARYLLIS fpatha multiflora cor >1I is campanulatis asquali- 
bus genitalibus declinatis. Mill. Dicl. 5. ic. 
XXtv. (crrore fculptoris, rcf/iu< xxiii.) 15. 

LILIONARCISSUS indicus flore elegamimme purpuraicente. 
IVeinm. Phyt. 3. p. 276. t. 653. /. A. 

NARCISSUS polyanthos liliacmo flore. Rudb. Ely/. 2. p. 48. 
f. 7. (fig. Ferrarii). 

LILIONARCISSUS rubeus indicus. Aid. Hort. fames. 83. 
/. 82. 

NARCISSUS indicus liliaceus diluto colore purpurafccns. 
pcrrar. Flor. 117. /. 121. 

Cape Day- Lily with the blufh flower. Pet. Gaz. t. 82./. 5. 

(a,) autumnalis ; corolla magis colorata. 

((B) vernalis ; corolla pallidiore. 

Specimen fpontancum capeme varietatis |3. ipfo R. S. Praefide 

leclum in fuo herbario reponitur G. 

For the above complete fynonymy we have to thank. Dr. 

Bulb about the fizc of a fwan's egg, covered with numbcrlcfs 


integuments of the fame nature as thofe we defcribed in the 
article Amaryllis burnt is. Scape folid, ancjpital-compreffed, 
of a cinnamon colour deeply tinged with carmine, preceding 
the leaves. Involucre bivalved, oblong, rather blunt, twice 
longer than the pedicles and nearly of the fame colour, en- 
closing an 8— 10 flowered umbel of large fragrant flowers, 
whole lower part is greenith white, upper fuffufed with rofe 
colour or pale carmine and veined. Pedicles 2 — 3 times 
longer than the germen, with which they are fo infcnfibly 
conneQed that the joint is fcarcely to be difcerned. Corolla 
fubregular, funneliorm, rather ftraight, nodding ; fegments 
fhortly connate, unguiculately attenuate, laminae lanceolate, 
flightly concaye, recurved-patent, inner broadeit, outer ter- 
minated by a membranoufly hooked culpis. Organs declined- 
aflurgent ; filaments adhering to the lower part of the corolla, 
alternately ihorter ; anthers incumbent, permen bluntly tri- 
gonal, fubturbinate, agreeing with pedicles and fcape in colour. 
Style longer than the Itamens,, triquetral, gracilefcent. Stigma 
obienrely lobed-trifid, deep carmine. Some flowers are quite 
regular, while others not unfrequently have the upper feg- 
ments more conflex than the lower. According to the 
fplendid plate in j. Miller's illufiration, the feeds are few 
and fubgloboie, not flat, rnembrauoufly winged and chaffy, 
as in vittata and longifiora. May not (3 (the Cape plant) differ 
in this refpeft and have flat winged feeds if fo, can it be 
deemed a variety ? We iufpect in fact it is a difiinci fpecies. 

(a) Was introduced into this country from Portugal in 1712, 
but where native is yet doubtful ; the channel through which 
the plant has been received makes it more than probable that 
it is a Brazil vegetable. The older Botanifts call its country 
India, which with them may mean the Eaft-Indies, South- 
America, or even fome parts of Africa: 0, which Miller 
tells us only differs in having paler flowers and blooming in 
the Spring inflead of the Autumn, comes from the Cape of 
Good Hope, where it was found by Sir Joseph Banks. This 
was alfo fent by Van Royen from Holland to Miller in 
1754, and flowered in the Chelfea Garden : (a.) is very common 
in the gardens near Lifbon and Florence, at the 1 aft of which 
places it is fold in the markets under the name of the Bella- 
donna Narcijfus. Our feedfmen receive the bulbs yearly in 
abundance from Portugal, and thefe when planted clofe to 
the foot of a fouthern wall will blow annually, after they are 
once fettled, which they are not in lefs than two or three 
years ; they then produce offsets in plenty : their time of expan- 
sion is Oftober. This fpecies is by no means fo commonly cul- 
tivated as we fhonld have imagined, from its beauty, fragrance, 
and eafy culture, it would haye been before this time. G. 

-» JLtmanL 


[ 734 ] 

muscari moschatum. musk grape- . 

♦ j ♦ $ $ fr ^HNHNt- * $ j$ ' ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 

Oafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. monopetala, varic campaniforrois, fexdentata. Stigm. 1. 
Cap/, trilobo-trigona (angulis alato-extermatis ?) Sent, plura, 
fubglobofa (columellas affixa ?) Toumef. Linn. fiL (ex MS"" ad 

fchedu,las Bank/lavas iranferipto) et Desfont. 

Oes. Hue Hyacinthuk monftrofus, comofus (No. 133.) botry- 

oides (No, 157.) racemofus (No. 122.) una cum Muscari maritimo et 
parvifloro. Desf. Fl. Atl. 1. 308, 9. Setilo percommoda et fetalis, anti- 
quitus mdigitata ; phrimis hodiernis Botanicis equidem negkcla y Tournefortis 
tamen, recentius juniore Limiseo, nuperrimeUjlero atque Desfontaines in genus 
evocakt ; ab en Hvacinthorum difgnojeenda corolla baud Jexpartita vd 
iongius fijj'a ; porra (ex Linn, fil.) capjula alatim trig/ma, feminibus nen 
memhrunaceo-planis, at que columella, nee utrinque inter tori margini dijfepi- 
mmti, annexis. Q. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

MUSCARI mojchalum ; raccmo multifloro, oblongo-ovato ; 
corolla horizontal!, urceolato-cylindrica, collo 
arftato breviffimo fiffili in coronulam mem- 
branaceam laceram et limbum minutum fex- 
fidum rotatum et cito fphacelatum foluto. G. 

HVACINTHUS MnfcarL Sp.Pl.454. Hort. Clif. 126. Upf. 
85. Hort. Kcw. 1. 458. Mart. Mill. Dttt. RuJJel 
It. Alepp. 2. 250. IV did. Sp. PL 2. 169. 

MUSCARI mufcarivii. Ujl. Ann. St. 2. p. 15. 

MUSCARI racemojus. Mill. Difl. 3. racemofo a Witld. in 
Synonymo male ddpmtils. 

MUSCARI mofchaturn grifeo obfoleto flore. Tournef. 348. 

HYACINTHUS mofchatus odoratifTmius. Weinm. Phyt. 583. 

IIYACI\ T THUS racemofus mofchatus. Baub, Ptn. 43. Ran 
Hift. 1162. 

MUSCARI obfoietiore flore. Cluf. Hift. 178. Mor. p. 2.7.4. 
/. 6. 7. Hort. E\Jl. Ont Vcrn. 2. /. 13./. 1. 


HYACINTHUS botryoides major mofch. f. Mufcari flore 
flavo et cinerkio. Park. Par. 112. n. 1, 2. /. 113. 

/■ 3. -4. ' 
MUSCARI flavum et Clufii. Ger. emac. 120. /. 1, 2. 

NARCISSUS. 5. Camerar. 442. C. 

BOLBO vomitorio. Gt/?. Durant. 81. 

Bulb tunicate, ovate, white. Leaves four or thereabouts, 
lorate-linear, fomewhat convolutely concave, 7 — 10 inches 
long and about half a one broad, bluntifh, thickifh, lax, 
furrounding the fcape, which is weak, fhorter, fmooth, cy- 
lindrical ; raceme clofifh, oblong-ovate ; flowers fparfe ho- 
rizontal ; pedicles very fhort, iffuing from hollows funk in 
the rachis ; braftes minute, ftill fhorter, lacerate. Corolla 
narrow, ovate-urceolatej obfcurely three-cornered, fplitting at 
the neck into a minute, rotate, fexpartite limb, and a yet 
fmaller prominent torn coronet terminating its very narrow 
orifice, the firft the continuation of the outer cuticle, the 
fecond of the inner, both quickly fading, while the more fub- 
flantial part of the flower remains for fome time unchanged. 
Stamens twice fhorter than the corolla, almoft entirely adnate, 
alternate ones longer, anthers fmall, dark-coloured with yellow 
pollen. Germen ovate, acutely trigonal ; ftyle fhort ; ftigma 
obfcurely trifid, capitate-trigonal. The flowers are larger than 
thofe of the other fpecies, of little beauty, but amply re- 
compenfing the want of it by their extreme fragrance ; from 
which circumftance the Turks have given it the appellation 
of Muscari, the fcent refembling that of certain paftilles 
they ufe to perfume their chambers, which are known by the 
fame name : it was brought from the gardens in the vicinity 
of Conftantinople, according to Clusius, about 1554. Dr. 
Patrick Russell found it growing wild near Aleppo, till 
when its precife habitat was not fatisfafciorily afcertained. The 
Italians call it Mufchio greco. There is a yellow fort, called 
Tibcadi Mufcari by the Dutch Florifts, fuppofed to be a mere 
variety, the fragrance of which is ftill more exquifite, and we 
are told that fine roots of it fell for a guinea a piece in Hol- 
land. We never faw it. Our variety was cultivated by Ge- 
rarde in 1597. It is a hardy plant, thrives in a fouthern 
afpeft, propagating abundantly both by feed and offsets. G. 



' vrtif, S'<< 

C 735 ] 
Lachenalia Angushfolia. Narrow- 
Leaved Lachenalia. 

.A dl# -fr'^*- sfe-Ajft. V' .>•>_»!»_ v''_y<. >'«. »k. sk. it »'* »fe. 

■7Jfv ( » v V' tt" ' V YV 'i* 1* ** '* T *«* V v 'i* V 

C/tf/jr and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynu. 

Generic Character. — Fid. N u ' a - 5S8. 
Corolla nunquam hexapetala, G. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

LACHENALIA angujlifolia ,- foliis numerofis, craffi-s, cana- 
liculato-remkeretibus, fubulathn attenuati.?, 
extimis circa fcapum brcviorem projee'lis j 
racemo conferto, cylindraceo, pedicelli* 
capillaribus corolla crateroideo-campanulata 
duplo brevioribus. G. 

LACHENALIA angujlifolia. J acq. ic. rar. 2. /. 381. Coll, 
Suppl. 47. IVilld. Sp. PL 2. 173. 

Root a fmall tunicated bulb. Leaves numerous, thick, 
fleftry, femicylindric, linear-fubulate, depreffed or (lightly 
channelled, longer than the fcape, round which the outer ones 
are laxly recumbent ; fcape comprefled-round, 4 — 6 inches 
high, fpotted; raceme cylinder-fhaped, clofely 12 — 20-flowered; 
bracles membranous, ovate, concave, acute, decurrent, twice 
fhorter than the capillary pedicles, thefe again twice fhorter 
than the corolla, which is fix-parted, bowl-fhaped or campa- 
nulate with an ample rounded bafe, outer fegments ovate, 
rather acute, broader, but at the fame time fhorter, marked 
upwards on each furface with a longitudinal brownifh ftain ; 
inner obovate-oblong ; ftamens even with thefe, gently incurved, 
conflex ; anthers ere€l, hung inwards from their backs, of a 
colour between vermilion and brown ; ftyle equal to the 
ftamens, rather curved. Stigma obfolcte; germen green, 


trigonal-ovate, marked with three yellowifh farrows. Flowers 
fragrant; expand about April; but are not produced every 
year with us ; increaies eafily by offsets ; mould be kept with 
other Cape bulbs. 

Our drawing was taken from a plant imported from the 
Cape by Meffrs. Grimwood and Wykes. It comes fo near 
to Lachenalia hyacinlhoides^ that from the drawing and 
defcription of Jacquin, we cannot make out a fpecific 
diftinftion ; however, upon comparing living fpecimens of 
both plants, fuch may be found. G. 


No. 728, p. 2, 1. 22. after " ihining," infert " on their iirll eraerfion from 
** th6 ground, but lofing gradually all glofs." 



U Tub.lyT.ChHis.J} 

[ 736 ] 

Massonia Angustifolia. Sweet-Scented 




Oafs a?id Order, 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Chara&er. — Vid. N um - 559. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

MASSONIA angujiifolia (acaulis) foliis lanceolato-oblongis 
nudis ; thyrfo congefto ; tubo pedxellis duplo 
breviore, laciniis oblongo-ovatis reflexis lon- 
giore, filamentis aequali ; ore ferme claufo. G. 

MASSONIA angujiifolia. Linn. Suppl. 193. Hort. Kew. 1. 
405. /. 4. Willd.Sp. PL 2. 28. 

MASSONIA lanceolata. Ibunb. Diff. Nov. Gen. Plant. 2. 40. 
Prod. 60. 

Root a tunicated bulb. Leaves two, fmooth, oppofite or 
lateral and contiguous with their inner edges parallel, generally 
upright and about three times higher than the fub-glomerated 
thyrfe, the bafe of which is even with the ground. BraBes fhorter 
than pedicles and nearly of the fame fhape with the leaves, but 
fmaller. Corolla tubular, twice fhorter than pedicles, narrow 
cylindrical, with its orifice nearly clofed by the ftyle and 
tumid bafes of the filaments ; fegments oblong-ovate, reflected 
to beneath the filaments, with a tranfverfe plait at their bafe ; 
filaments as long as the tube, campanulately conflex, fubfeffile, 
gracilefcent ; anthers fmall, incumbent. Germen trifulcate, 
cylinder-fhaped j ftyle equal to the filaments attenuated, 
obfcurely three-channelled, angular ; ltigma obfolete, red. 
Flowers exceeding fwcet, fmelling fomething like the com- 
mon angle oriental Hyacinth; of a watery-white colour, 


grcenifh at the ends of the fegments ; the honey-like liquid 
that it fecretes does not as in many fpecies riis even with 
the brim of the tube, but is to be found only towards its bottom. 

Found by Thunberg at the Cape of Good Hope on the 
fummit of the Onderfte Roggeveldt mountain, where it flowers 
in Auguft ; with us in January. Brought over by Masson 
in 1775. To be kept in peat earth on a front ihelf in the 

Our drawing was taken at MeflVs. Grimwood and Wykes's, 
Kenlington. It propagates by offsets and feeds without much 
difficulty. G. 



Syl EiHasJs &L. Tub. by I Curtis, S b Gco: CrefcerUApr. u<m X Smfim ^ 

[ 737 3 

Cerbera Ahouai. Oval-Leaved 


j'«..j''« .>''- >'< .i'i ->'«. s% » ! ' J 1 ': *'» j!> •&..& -sk >'t .1?' .i'rt j-V 
V V 1" V V T 1? V *& V T '»* V T T V T T 


CA//> a«a' Order. 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Char a Her. 

Cdi. 5-partitus patens. Cor. 5-partitus patens. Cor. infundi- 
buliformis ; tubo clavato, fauce 5-angulari 5-dentata: limbo 
rnagno 5 -partito obliquo. Anthers conniventes. Stylus j. 
Stigma 2-lobum. Drupa magna latere fuicata ac 2-punclata, 
fceta nuce oflea 4-valvi 2-locuIari 2-fperma. Jussieu. 

Specific Charatlcr and Synonyms. 

CERBERA Ahouai s foliis ovatis. Linn. Sp. PL 303. Reich. 

1. 590. 
CERBERA Ahovai. Willi 1. 1222. Hort. Kew. 1. 293. 

Mart. Mill. Dicl. Bot. Repof. t. 231. 
THEVETIA. Hort. Cliff. 75. 
AHOUAI. <Thev. Antarcl. 66. Tournef. Inji. 658. Rati Hift. 

AHOAI major. Pif. Brqf. 308 ? 
Arbor americana, foliispomi, fructu triangulo. Bank. Pin. 434. 

A native of Brazil and of fome of the Weft-Indian iflands, 
where it grows to a tree ten feet high, having a crooked Item, 
and bearing, as is faid, fome refemblance to our apple-tree. 
In the ftove it forms a handfome ever-green fhrub and pro- 
duces its flower in clutters at or near the extremities of the 
branches, and not, as reprefented in the miferable figure of 
Piso, in the alae of the leaves. This figure is however molt 
probably entirely imaginary and made from the defcription 
only. The wood when cut is faid to have a very offenhve 
fmell, and every part of the tree abounds with a milky juice 
fuppofed to be highly deleterious. The hard (hells of the 


nuts are ufed by the Indians for the lame purpofe as morris- 
bells were formerly, and in fome few places {till are, applied 
in this country ; a number of them, being ftrung together and 
fattened on a kind of bracelet, are thus tied round their arms 
and legs, both for the fake of ornament and of found in dancing. 
Calyx divided half-way in five fegments acute and reflected. 
Tube of corolla nearly ftraight, dilated at the upper part but 
clofed at the mouth, where it is marked with five deep fur- 
rows : Limb divided into five oval fegments, oblique or twifted, 
with undulated margins. Anthers five, on very (hort filaments, 
enclofed in the upper inflated part of the tube. Style the 
length of the tube : Stigma bifid, top-fhaped, furrounded at 
the bafe by a circle of greenifli glands, whence apparently 
diftils a honey, with which, in the fpecimen we examined, the 
whole tube was filled; it was colourlefs, very fweet and per- 
fectly free from any naufeous or acrid tafte, notwithftanding 
the poifonous quality of the other juices of the plant. 

Cerbera Ihcvetia and our tree appear to be congeners; 
but Gartner oblerves that Cerbera Manghas will by no 
means unite in the fame genus. 

In natural order, Jussieu agrees with Linnjeus in aflign- 
ing it a ftation with the apocinea: (contort*?, Lin.) but thus fe- 
parates it in his fy Mem from Gardenia and Hillia; with 
which, particularly the latter, it feems to us to have con* 
fiderable affinity in the flower and habit, though not in the 
fruit. Propagated by cuttings or from imported feeds, as 
it never produces any with us. Cultivated by Miller in 
1739. Our drawing was taken at Mr. Woodford's in May 
1801. } 


Tub by l.Cwrtijs.JP { 

C 738 ] 

Banksia Ericefolia. Heath-Leaved 


■% ♦♦$♦♦ ♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ 

Oafs and Order. 

Tetrandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Amentum fquamatum. Cor. 4-petala. Anther* in cavitate 
laminarum feffiles. Cap/, bivalvis.' Sem. bipartibile. L.fup. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

BANKSIA ericafolia ; fbliis approximatis acerofis truncato- 
emarginatis glabris. Linn. Suppl. p. 127. Willd. 
Sp. PL x. 536. Bot. Repof. 156. Cavan. Icon, 
vol. 6. /. 538. 

The Bankfia, a genus fo named in honour of its firft dif- 
coverer, the Prefident of the Royal Society, in a voyage 
round the world with Captain Cook, is very nearly allied to 
Protea, and like that appears to contain a great number of 
fpecies of very various forms and fize. Our prefent plant 
forms a handfome fhrub, thrives freely, and has flowered in 
feveral collections ; our drawing was taken from that of 
E. J. A. Woodford, Efq. at Vauxhall, in April 1802. 

The beauty of the flower confifts very much in the length 
of the ftyle ; which, from the ftigma being long retained 
within the anthers, is fancifully bent into a loop : when the 
efflorefcence is complete, the petals expand and let the ftigma 
at liberty. The flower is confidered by fome as monopetalous, 
but the petals, in Banksia ericafolia at leaft, adhere fo (lightly 
at the bafe only, that they can hardly be kept from feparating 
when removed from the receptacle. The germen in this fpe- 
cies is furrounded with brown hairs very like that of many of 
the Proteae. We could not difcover any other calyx than 
the fquama of the Amentum, in no refpett like that defcribed 
by G/ertner. A native of New-Holland. By no means 
tender, and may be kept in a greenhoufe with Proteas and 
other Cape fhrubs. Propagated by feeds and by cuttings. 


1 3 9 

J,l Pi,/, h„ T 


C 739 ] 

Sanseviera Sessiliflora. Chinese 



Oafs and Order. 
Hexandria MonOgynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. infera, monopetala, tubulofa, limbo fexpartito, revo- 
luto. Stam. a laciniarum bafi libera. Bacca trilocularis ; lo- 
culis monofpermis. Thunb. Nov. Gen. Liriope. Loureir. 
Salmia. Cavan. Aletris. Gartn. 

Obs. Planta berbacea, perennes, fobolifera. Radix cfajfa, carnoja^ 
tranfverjim prorepens. Scapusjimplex, medius, modo extrafoliaceus. Flares 
racemoje velfmpliciffime fpicati. Folia omnia radical! a, bifaria, canaliculata, 

gradatim altiora, ext'tma vagimtformia. Capjula hculamenta itnum aut dus 

Jd-pius Jupprimuntur. G. 

Specific Char after and Synonyms. 

SANSEVIERA feffiliflora ; foliis fubgramineis, e canaliculato- 
convolutis et rigidis lanceolato-explicatis et 
lentefcentibus, ere&o-refleclentibus, glabris, 
nervofis; fcapo nudo, extrafoliaceo ; floribus 
feffilibus, fubere&is, fubappreffis, in fpica 
folitariis ; limbo tubum fere fuperante. G. 

Obs. Spica in nojlro fpecimine polygama ; fuperius mafculina, abortantibus 
pifiillis. An characler perpetuus ? Vix. 

Liriope fpicata. Lour. coch. 201, etfi ab aliis Sanseviera zey- 
lanicae in fynonymo adpojita, nofira planta, cujus itidem concivis, affimor 
videtur ; attamen utrijque dijlintla fatis, quantum liceat de adeo rudi ad- 
umbratione judicare. 

Sijlitur in Icone foliorum fafciculus junior, lenerior ; idem adultus triple 
tvadit procerior. G. 

Herb foboliferous, growing in fparfe, diftant, fafcicles. 
Root thick, flefhv, horizontal, creeping. Leaves about eight 


in each fafcicle, bifarious, convolute, fterile, outermoft gra- 
dually fhorter ; from an upright, rigid, channelled fomewhat 
petiol-like bale, they gradually flatten into a lanceolate la- 
mina, flightly channelled and keeled, with the fides more or 
lefs deflefted ; lucid, quite fmooth, nerved, inner furface 
darker coloured ; the full grown ones are nearly three times 
higher than the fcape j thofe figured in the plate had fcarcely 
attained one-third of their height ; in this ftate are not 
unlike thofe of the Lily of the Valley. Scape extrafo- 
liaceous, riling from its peculiar bud in the runner of the root, 
together with the rachis not more than 5 — 6 inches high, to 
the rachis from the ground about one and a half, graci- 
leleent, upwards interruptedly angled and coloured, with 
longifh excifions or niches, at the bafe of which fits the 
flower. Spike roundifh, flowers many, 14 — 17, feffile, irre- 
gularly fparfe, fragrant, of a dull flefh or pink colour, removed 
from each other about the diirance of their own length ; 
fupported by broad-ovate membranous brades, clofely fitted 
to the tube. Corolla peruftent, upright, adprefled, tubular, 
with a limb about equal to the tube, fix-parted and recurvedly 
refleaed ; tube obfeurely angled, flightly tumid at the bafe ; 
fegments hnear-oblong, flat, rather pointed, outer fomewhat 
broader, longer, and more obtufe. Filaments filiform {bring- 
ing from the mouth of the tube, upright, fcarcely divergent, 
about equal to the limb; anthers fhort, linear-oblong, ereB. 
Germen luper.or, ovate, obloletely trigonal, pinkifh ; ftyle 
lubperfiitent foarply triquetral, thicker than the filaments, 
clavately enlarged upwards, into a trialatelv three-lobed ftigma, 
fomewhat crell-fliapcd. In our fpecimen's, the piltils on the 
upper two-thirds of the fpike were abortive; poffibly owing 
to the feeblenels of the plant. The corolla has a ftrong 
prima frae rekmhhnce to that of the oriental Hyacinth. 

I he Ipecies is quite new to us. Was introduced by iMr. 
Lvans of Stepney, who received it from China. 

Our drawing was taken at Mcfirs. Grim wood and Wykes's, 
kenungton, where it flowered for the firtt time, in the tan-pit 
of their ftove, aft January. Seems as if it would ripen the 
reeds ; but at all events will be eafily propagated by dividing 
tRe roots. An excellent account and figure of Sansevi 
vyLimca ■ m\\ be found in the eniuing number of the C 
niaudcl Plants. G. 



■jnHf ■«< V .; S \ < < r VTrynre < '^< » T« « < * Srr^'W*^t»»««'^VrrwT^<'Vx» , \< < ^tTW'T<^»v^wt<^ «»^tt OYrr«^^ 


In which the Latin Names of 
the Plants contained in the 
Nineteenth Volume are alpha- 
betically arranged. 


720 Albuca minor. 

733 Amaryllis Belladonna. 

725 curviflora. 

726 variciflora. 


7:6 Atragene capenfis. 
738 Bankfia ericaefolia. 
715 Bauera rubioides. 
700 Betonica grandiflora. 
737 Cerbera ahouai. 

729 Cheiranthus triftis. 

707 Chironia decufiata. 
699 Convolvulus cairicus. 

732 fepium((3)americauus. 

713 Draba pyrenaica. 
706 Erica longifolia. 
705 Gentiana adfcendens («). 

723 adfcendens (£). 

727 Gladiolus hirfutus. 
719 fegetum. 

708 Hedychium coronarium. 

730 Hefperis triftis. 
721 Hillia longiflora. 

709 Hypoxis ferrata. 

^ l0 erecla. 

711 * fobolifera. 

703 Iris virginica. 

735 Lachenalia anguftifolia. 
701 Marica ftriata. 

736 Mafibnia anguftifolia. 

bg4 Melanthium fpicatum. , 

717 — — uniflorura. 





<) In which the Englifh Names of 

a the Plants contained in the 

*• Nineteenth Volume are alpha- 

^ betically arranged. 


1* 7 2 ° Albuca, lefier. 

Y 725 Amaryllis, glaucous-leaved. 

a 726 divaricate-petaled. 

■* 716 Atragene, Cape. 

j) 738 Bankfia, heath-leaved. 
a 715 Bauera, madder-leaved. 
4> 700 Betony, great-flowered. 
§ 699 Bindweed, Egyptian. 

a 73 2 great American. 

3£ 737 Cerbera, oval-leaved. 
707 Chironia, crofs-leaved. 
■♦719 Corn-flag, round-feeded. 

V 727 fhaggy variegated. 

703 Fla g> Virginian. 

«fr 708 Garland-flower, fweet-fcented. 
£ 705 Gentian, porcelain-flowered. 

1 723 

Moraea flexuofa. 



tricufpis (a 


734 Mufcari mofchatum. 
731 Nolana proftrata. 
728 Ornithogalum arabicum. 
718 Pancratium illyricum. 
697 Protea anemonifolia. 

698 Scolymus. 

739 Sanfeviera fcfliliflora. 
724 Stapelia revoluta. 
722 Trichofanthes anguina. 
704 Tritonia feneftrata. 
7 1 4 Valeriana fibirica. 

|6 94 

* 096 

$ 702 
1 712 

• dwarf porcelain-flowered. 
^ 734 Grape Hyacinth, muflc. 
^ 706 Heath, flefli-coloured long-leaved. 
"f 721 Hillia, long-tubed. 

V 709 Hypoxis, faw-leaved. 
710 upright. 

♦ 711 > creeping. 

V 732 Lachenalia, narrow-leaved. 
A 733 Lily, belladonna. 

693 Moraa, perennial-leaved. 

ftar- flowered. 



three- petal-like. 

i 7ot Marica, ftreaked-flowered. 
A 736 Maflbnia, fweet-fcented. 
*■ 713 Melanthium, yellow -flowered, 
v 731 Nolana, trailing. 
a 718 Pancratium, Illyrian. 
«fr 797 Protea, fork- leaved. 

ty 798 fmall fmooth-leaved. 

'f 730 Rocket, night-fmelling. 
% 739 Sanfeviera, Chinefe. 
Q 722 Snake-gourd. 

♦ 724 Stapelia, revolute-flowered. 

V 728 Star of Bethlehem, large-flowered. 
A 729 Stock, dark-flowered. 

* 704 Tritonia, open- flowered. 
v 714 Valerian, Siberian. 
^713 Whitlow-grafs, mountain. 

Prinjed by S, Couchmau, XI 


Botanical Magazine; 

O R, 

Flower-Garden Difplayed : 

The mod Ornamental Foreign Plants, cultivated in the 
Open Ground, the Green- Houfe, and the Stove, are 
accurately reprefented in their natural Colours, 


Their Names, Clafs, Order, Generic and Specific Characters, according 
to the celebrated Linn-*:us ; their Places of Growth, ' 
and Times of Flowering : 




Intended for the Ufe of fuch Ladies, Gentlemen, and Gardeners, as 
wifh to become fcientifically acquainted with the Plants they cultivate. 



Fellow of the Linnean Society. 


Fleurs charm antes ! par vous la nature eft plus belle; 
Dans fes brillans tableaux Part vous prend pour modele ; 
Simple tribut du cceur, vos dons font chaque jour 
Offerts par Famine, hafardes par l'amour. 
D'embellir la beaute vous obtenez la gloire ; 
Le laurier vous permet de parer la viftoire. De Lille. 


Printed by Stephen Couchman, Throgmorton-Street. 

Publifhed at No. 3, St. George's-Crescent, B lack- Friars- Road ; 

And Sold by the principal Bookfellers in Great-Britain and Ireland. 




C 740 ] 

Tagetes Lucida. Sweet-Scented 
Tagetes, or Chili Marigold. 

Clafs and Order. 
Syngenesia Polygamia Superflua. 

Generic Charatler. 

Recept. nudum. Pappus ariftis 5 ereclis. Cat. l-phyllus, 
5-dentatus, tubulofus. Flofculi radii 4, perfiftentes. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms, 

TAGETES lucida ,• foliis fimplicibus connatis ovatis argute 

ferratis ciliatis. Cavan. Icon. 264. v. 3. n. 289. 
TAGETES lucida. Bot. Repof. t. 359. 

A native of Chili ; of the greater value as, contrary to its 
more gaudy congeners, it has an agreeable fmcll. This plant 
has been accurately defcribed by Cavan illes from the 
Madrid garden, whence it was introduced into this country. 
This author does not notice that the leaves are full of pellucid 
points, giving them an appearance as if perforated when held 
up to the light ; but this circumftance is common to fome other 
fpecies of Tagetes. He defcribes the pappus as confiding of 
ufually five unequal ariftae, but there are in fad but two, which 
are equal, fomewhat divaricate upwards, about one-third the 
length of the feed, minutely jagged on the outfide ; Except 
thefe, we could obferve only the mere remains of the tube of 
the floret. The number of the ariftae mull be therefore lefs 
limited in the generic character or this mult be feparated from 
the genus. 

Our drawing was made at Meffrs. Grim wood and Wykes's. 
The root is perennial and may be increafed by parting, or 
frefh plants may be raifed from feeds, which it produces 
freely. Is fufficiently hardy to refill moderate froft, but if 
flieltered in the winter will be more fecure, as well as keep 
longer in flower. Will live in any foil, but thrives bell in a 
Jlrong loam,. 


d. Tub h, TCurn, 

[ 74i ] 

Lobelia Gracilis. Slender-Stemmed 


$ ♦ $$ $ ♦ ♦ ♦♦ ♦ # ♦♦$♦♦# 

Clafs and Order, 

Syngenesia Monogamia. L. 

Pentandria Monogynia. Willd. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. 5-fidus. Cor. l-petala, irregularis. Cap/, infera, 2 feu 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

LOBELIA gracilis ; foliis ovatis incifis, caule divifo, racemis 
terminalibus fubnudis, corollse labio fuperiore 

LOBELIA gracilis. Bot. Repof. t. 340. 

Our drawing of this lively annual was taken at Mr. Col- 
ville's, King's-Road, Chelfea, in September laft, but was firft 
raifed in the garden of George Hibberts, Efq. at Clapham, 
in 1801, from feeds fent by his Collector from the Cape of 
Good Hope. It is an annual of eafy culture if it ripen its 
feeds, which it will not do in this country unlefs raifed on a 
gentle hot bed in the Spring and planted out about the latter 
end of May. 

In feveral of the Lobelias it is not eafy to determine whether 
the capfule be fuperior or inferior; in fome the calyx adheres 
only to the lower part of the capfule, leaving fo large a portion 
free, that it may be confidered as much a capfula fupera as 
infera. This is remarkably the cafe in this fpecies. 

We have fome fufpicion that our plant may be the Lobelia 
patula of Th un berg, but from his very imperfe6l defcription 
alone, it is impoffible to afcertain this. It agrees with his 
obfervation of feldom having flowers and leaves at the fame 
time, but as he fays " caulibus patulo diffufis," his plant would 
not feem to be an annual with only one (talk, therefore we 
have not dared to adopt the name of palate* 


SyiJEAmnb del Tub fo TO, 

C 742 ] 

Indigofera Cytisoides. Angular-; 
Stalked Indigo. 

Clafs and Order. 


Generic Char after. 

Cat. patens^ Corolla carina utrinque calcari fubulato patulo, 
Legumen lineare. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

INDIGOFERA cytifoides ; foliis quinato-pinnatis ternatifque, 

racemis axillaribus, caule fruticofo. Syji. 

Veg. 564. Reich. Sp. PI. 3. p. 519. Hort. 

Kew. 3. 68. Mart. Mill, Dicl. n. 23. 
INDIGOFERA cytifoides. Willd. Sp. PI. v. 3. p. 401. Jacq. 

Hort. Schoenb. 2. p. 58. /. 235. Ihunb. Prod. 

PSORALEA cytifoides. Sp. PL ed. 2. 1076. 
LOTUS africana frutefcens, flore fpicato rubicundo. Commeh 

Hort. 2. p. 167. t. 84. 
GENISTA capenfis fpinofa, liguftri folio, pentaphyllos, flori- 

bus fpicatis rubris. Pluk. Almag. 166. /. 185. 

A native of the Cape of Good Hope, introduced into the 
Kew Garden, by Mr. Masson, in the year 1774, and flowered 
at the late Dr. Pitcairn's, in 1779, but as yet by no means 
Common, even in our more general colleftions. 

There is one diftinguifhing mark of this fpecies that we 
have not feen noticed by any author, the great roughnefs of 
the leaflets, efpecially on the under fide, arifing from very 
minute fpines clofely adpreffed to the leaf, hardly vifible to 
the naked eye, but readily detected by palling the leaf along 
the lips or other tender part of the fkin. In other refpecls 
this ihrub is fo well defcribed by Linnaeus in the Species 


Plantarum, as to make any repetition unneccflary. The variety 
figured by J acqu in, if accurately coloured, has the advantage 
of being more fhewy than ours, the wings of the corolla being 
of a bright red and the other parts of a delicate lilac. The 
ftipulae in his figure are black ; this we have fometimes feen, 
but more ufually with us they are of the fame green with the 
reft of the plant. 

Flowers in July, but by artificial heat, which it bears well, 
may be made to bloflbm much earlier. In fome colleBions 
where this plant has long been preferved, its flower-buds 
which appear annually late in the year, decay without ever 
expanding. May be propagated by cuttings. 

Our drawing was taken at the Botanic Garden, Brompton, 
in February 1803. 

A. j43 

SyLSdwarlrdtl. hA by JCl 



C 743 ] 
Androsace Villosa. Hairy Androsacs* 

C/a/i #»</ Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Involucrum umbellulee. Corolla tubus ovatus: ore glandulofo. 
Gj#/*. l-locularis, globofa. 

Specific CharaHer and Synonyms. 

ANDROSACE villofa; foliis pilofis perianthiis hirfutis. Sp. 

PL 203. Hort. Kew. 1. 192. «5V0/>. i 7 /. Gzrw. 

n. 202. Jar?. F/. ./£w/?r. /. 332. Mart. Mill. 

DicJ. n. 4. 
ANDROSACE villofa. Jacq. Collecl. 1. p. 193. *. 12./. 3. £ 

#W ty.i 5 /. 1.798..? 
ARETIA foliis ovatis villofis, fcapis umbellatis. Holler. Heh. 

n. 620. 
CHAM^EJASME. Bauh. Hiji. 3. 869. 
SEDUM alpinum 4. Cluf. Pan. 489. Hift. 2. />. 62. 

Notwithftanding all the pains that Von Wulfen, in Jac- 
quin's Colle&anea, has taken to eftablifh a diftinclion between 
his Androsace villofa and Cham<ejafme t we confefs ourfelves 
ftill to have been at a lofs to decide to which of thefe fpecies our 
plant belongs, nor can we perfuade ourfelves that the reverend 
author has latisfactorily eftablilhed a fpecific diftinclion between 
them. If really different, we fhould be inclined to confider our 
plant as the one intended by Linnaeus, ScopoLi.and Jacquim 
in his Flora Auftriaca, under this title, and that figured in 
Jacquin's Colle&anea, as a new fpecies not noticed by any 
preceding author. 

The hairinefs of the leaves in the cultivated plant, at leaft, 
is not at all to be depended upon ; in one we faw laft year at 
Mr. Loddiges, the leaves were fo thickly covered with long 
white hairs, as to give the whole a hoary appearance ; in the 


fame this year the leaves are of a deep green colour, with 
comparatively few hairs; nor are they in all fpecimens equally 
obtufe at the point; thofe in the one from which our drawing 
was taken being much more acute than in Mr. Loddiges's 
plants, though undoubtedly the fame fpecies. Haller fays 
it has both obtufe and lanceolate leaves ; indeed the whole of 
his excellent defcription leaves no room to doubt of the identity 
of his plant with ours. 

The fcape is red, very ereel;, as in the figure in Jacquin's 
Flora Auftriaca, and the umbel, as in that, is furrounded with 
an involucre of 5 — 7 leaflets, fimilar to the leaves but fome- 
what narrower. Pedicles about the length of the involucre. 
Calyx rather ovate-campanulate than turbinate and deeply 
divided into five conniving fegments. Corolla white, but 
marked at the centre with a bright red or yellow eye : tube 
perfectly ovate, yellowifli, clofely embraced by the calyx : 
limb 5-cleft, fegments roundifh, quite entire, or fometimes 
flightly emarginate : faux a circular opening, through which 
the five yellow anthers are difcernible, the glands and plicae, 
defcribed by Haller and other authors, being very minute 
and not clofing this part. Filaments attached to the lower 
part of the tube. Germen orbicular, depreffed at top: 
ftyle ftiort, erea : fligma capitate. Scentlefs. Tatte of the 
leaves (lightly and not unpleafantly acid. Some of the above 
charaders correfpond with Von Wulfen's And rosace. 
villofa, others with his Chamajqfme ; but the former may per- 
haps, as before obferved, be a new fpecies diftinguifhed more 
efpecially by the glaucous colour of the leaves and the in- 
volucre confiding of only two or three leaflets. 

Our drawing was made at the Botanic Garden, Brompton. 

Propagated by parting the roots. Though perfectly hardy 
with refpea to cold, thefe alpine plants are fure to be foon 
loft, unlefs planted in a pot ; and as they flower very earlv, 
they fucceed beft if flickered by a hand-glafs or common glafs 
frame. During the Summer it is neceflary to keep them 
entirely in the (hade. 


#»-** Pub byTCurl,, S^y.-M^lCnum. 

'•m Jtulp 

C 744 ] 

Tritoma Media. Glaucous-Leaved 



Clafs and Order. 


Hex an dr i a Monogyn.ia. 
Generic Character,, 

Cor, monopetala, campanulato-cylindracea, 6-dentata, ex- 
plicata. Stow, receptaculo germinis iniita, recti flima, libera, 
exferta, alterna plurimum longiora. Stigm. punctum obfeurius 
penicillatum, itylum acute finiens. Capf. cartilagineo-rigd'cens, 
bvata, obtufe trigona. Sem. 2-ordinum, plurima, triquetra, 
varieve angukta, iibi invicem adaptata. G. 

Obs. Herla perennantes de C. B. fpel. Radix rhlzoma cafpitfim 
foboliferum, crajjius fibratum ; folia fcirpoidea, radicalia^ ambientia, de 
collo convolutim fajciculato divergenter erecla, carina et canali facia argute 
triangularia, attenuata furfutn. Scapus centralis JtmpliciJJimus. Flares 
penduli, raccmofe fpicati, imbricatim confer ti. Fruclus erigitur. Sem. nigra, 
hedris lavibus, angulis extenuatis. Genus prima Aletridem, recentius ad 
Veltheimiam redaclum, etfi r ever a Aloes plura babeat, a qua dignof- 
catur tamen foliorum natura baud adeo infignitcr fucculento vel fpangiofo- 
craJJ'a ,- corolla nsn ex laciniis levijjhne cobarentibus fquarum intima 3 fua 
later a habent libera) conflata ; potifjimum vera Jlaminibus longius exjertis, 
alterne perdifparibus, neque affurgentibus ; denuo capjula cartilaginco-dura. 
A Veetheimia dijlat capjula non pendula, neve membranacco-inflata, nee 
maxima cum loculis alato-comprejfts atque fubmonofpermis ; ultra, filamenth 
baud corolla accrefis, prater habitum non bulbofum aliundeque diverfum. 
^Aletride rurfus (farinofam inteiligimus, qua a fragrante itemhetero- 
genea) corolla non tuberculatim rugofa ; Jlaminibus baud corolla adfixis ; 
Jlylo baud in o ) falutiii, indoleque in univerfum abunde aliena. Hue Velt- 
heimia uvaria et pumila. Tritoma r^ig et re^via feco ; ob foliorum 
acies trinas acutas. G. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

TRITOMA media foliis e lata bafi longe attenuates, glaucis > 
omni fcabritie nudis, tenerrimis, extimis facile 
refra&is ; fpica oblonga, pyramidata ; corolla 
clavato-cylindrica ; crenis patulis. G. 

ALKTRIS farmenlofa. Bot. Rep. tab. 54. 

VELTHEIMIA repent. Mjufd. RecenJ. 18. 63. 


Eafily diftinguifhed from Uvaria by its fmaller glaucous 
leaves, the edges and keel of which are not prickly ferrate 
as in that ; from fumila again by its leaves being not fo 
fmall nor fo linear, the corolla neither cyathiformly cam- 
panulate nor fo fhort. Our plant is nearly as much larger 
than the latt as it is fmaller than the firft ; hence we have 
called it media, farmentofa being abfurdly erroneous and repens 
not exa£t, befides applying equally to the three fpecies. 

Introduced, as we are told, into this country by Mr. 
Williams, Nurferyman at Turnham-Green, who has many 
very rare Cape liliaceous plants. The item is higher than 
the leaves, and fometimes attains three feet, but more com- 
monly does not exceed one and a half. The flowers are 
produced early in the Winter ; have no fcent. 

It has flood in the open ground with us during the three 
laft Winters; but we have always cut off the flowering ftem 
and placed it in water within doors ; the other parts of the 
plant have endured the weather without protection, and 
grown vigoroufly the following Summer. 

It is more ufually treated as a hardy green-houfe plant, 
and kept in deep pots of light earth. Propagates very fafl by 
fuckers. G, 


Jd Tub h T( 

t 745 ] 
Lachenalia Purpurocerulea* Purple- 
Blue Lachenalia. 


4 M | Vf ♦ ♦ It ♦ ♦* $ ♦ ♦ * $ I 

Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — Vid. N um - 588. 

Obs. Corolla ei Aloes ftmilllma, ejus lochia verofunt libera extlma* 
que breviores, nee aquales atque obiter connata ; filamenta quoque no7inihil 
adnata, nee libera, neque infertionem fuam ad juniluram germinis et corolla 
habentla. Amba in eo ultra analoga, quod habeant corollas tarn regulares 
quam Irregulares et fubbilabiatas cum organis ajjiirgentibus. Habitu equidem 
longius recedunt. G. 

Specific Charafter and Synonyms* 

LACHENALIA purpurocarulea foliis fubbinis, fublanceolads ; 
fcapo craflb ere£to ; raccmo multifloro, con- 
fertiore, cylindraceo-fpicato, faftigiante ; 
corolla adfeendente, e curtato-cylindrica 
reflexo-campanulata, parum inaequali ; fta- 
minibus figillatim affurgentibus, divergenti- 
bus, longioribus. G. 

LACHENALIA purpurocarulea. Jacq. ic. rar. 2. /. 388. 
Coll 5. 63. mild. Sp.PI.2. 177. Bot. 
Rep. t. 251. 

(a) foliis puftulatis. 

(|3j foliis laevibus. 

Bulb tunicated, deprefled-fphaerical, whitifh. Leaves ge- 
nerally two, oppofite, from convolute upright bafes flatly lan- 
ceolate, acuminate, recumbent, and, except at the lower part, 
very thickly befet with fmall blifter-like weals on the upper 
furface. Scape upright, round, thick, twice fhorter than the 
leaves. Raceme fpike-formed, many-flowered, fparfe, rather 


thickfet, cylindric, conicfilly narrowed towards the fummit. 
Pedicles fhorter than the corolla, longer than the fmall pale 
ovate fubiil'ate brafte. Corolla adfeendent, fegments con- 
verging downwards into a very fhort trigibbous tube, diverging 
upwards into a retlexed patent campanujate form ; inner 
ones fubcuneate, rather the longeft. Stamens divergent, fe- 
parately affurgent, fomewhat longer than the corolla. Stigma 

Jacquin compares the fcent of the bloom to May. Blooms 
about May ; fhould be treated as a hardy green-houfe plant, 
and kept in a mixture of peat and loam. 

A native of the Cape, from whence the prefent fpecimen 
was received by Mr. Williams, Nurferyman, of Turnham- 
Green, who has alfo. a variety with leaves that are not 
Wittered. G. 


SylE&anbJd, Pith h. TO, 

in,,//' Sf,i\ UcfM. £Wb.mn1 

[ 746 ] 


CAz/jr a»<i Order. 


Genetic Char abler. — i^/V/. N um * 663. 

Dbs. i?<-^ rejecerunt Link *•/ HoFFMANSEGG, w//5/<? fallaces, 
tan ft as differ entias ad dijlinguendam Scillamo^OrnITHOGALO baclenus 
adduclas ; jub eodem m&entes, priorem corollam habere multo teneriorem, nee 
non nervo medio principi, wide derivant alii tenuijjimi et ferme obfaleti, per- 
curri ; earn alterius iij'dem pluribus, proximis, varicoforibus infigniri, atqut 
ad paginam inferiorem injuper viridefcere ; fubjungentes, quod ft ifi viderentur 
characleres nimium vagi, invalidi, aut obj'curi, uriiri debere genera, dum dt 
colore fiorum binar optima repetantur fit bdivif ones. Species adnumeraverunt 
xxvii, e quibus utique volunt eliminatas unifoliam cum anthericoide, eafdem 
ctnfentes Ornithogolo magis analogas. Genera conjunxit Lamarck . G* 

Specific Character and Synonyms* 

SCILLA bifolia foliis fubbinis, lato-linearibus, convoluto- 
canaliculars, longius conduplicatis, fubcaudatim 
finientibus ; racemo 3 — 8-floro, rariufculo, fub- 
corymboio, fubfparfo, ebra6leato (fere?) ; corolla 
rotata ; germine trigono, ovato-pyramidato ; ftylo 
acuminate defmente. G. 

SCILLA bifolia. Sp. PL 443. Syjl. Veg. Murr. 329. Hort. Kezv. 
l. 444. J acq. Anjlr. 2. p. 11. /. 117. With. Arrang. 
338. Eng. Bot. t. 24. Smith FL Brit. 7. 365. Willd. 
Sp. PL 1. 128. Link et Hoffm. Berlin. Gefelt. Na- 
turforfch. neue /thrift. B. 4. p. 20. Annals of Bot. l« 
p. 104. Thuil. FL de Par. n. 156. 

HYACINTHUS flellatus Fuchfii. Ger. emac. 106. 

HYACINTHUS caeruleus mas minor. Fuchf. Hijl. 837. et 
albicans feu feminea, ib. 838. 

HYACINTHUS ftellaris bifolius germanicus. Bauh: Pin. 45. 

HYACINTHUS ftellatus bifolius vernus dumetorum flore 
caeruleo. Bauh. Hijl. 2. p. 579. . Mot. Hi/}. 2. f. 4. 
/. 12./. 15. Star-Hyacinth. Pet. PL Brit. t. 6j.f. 5. 

Obs. Fariat fortius caruhis albis et carriets. Raritt? fubbracleata. 


Bulb tunicated, oblong-oval. Leaves two, feldom three, 
oppofite, conduplicate, for fome diftance downwards, then bi- 
farioufly diverging, broad-linear, convolute channelled, ob- 
tufely keeled fhortly attenuated upwards and fubcaudately 
terminated, obfcurely ftriate, fliorter than the item, which is 
upright 4 — 7 inches high, rather lax, ending in a 2 — 8-flowered 
generally ebrafteate raceme, fometimes approaching the fhape 
of a corymb, at others of a thyrfe, fometimes nearly diftich, 
at others fecund. Corolla ftellately patent, fegments oblong, 
blunt, equal, with a varicofe middle nerve. Stamens {lightly 
adnate to the bottom part of the corolla, fubulate, equal, 
rather fhorter than the fegments, patent ; anthers blue, verfa- 
tile. Germen trigonal-oval, beakedly continued into a tri- 
quetral ftyle nearly of its own length, pointed upwards and 
ended by an almoft imperceptibly pencilled ftigma. Varies 
tvith blue, white, and pink flowers. • 

A native of England, but rare, and only found in fome 
woody fpots in the Weft ; common about Paris and in the 
more fouthern parts of Europe. 

Our drawing was taken at Meff. Grim wood and Wykes's. 
A very ufeful monograph on this genus will be found in the 
firft number of the " Annals of Botany," tranflated from 
the German of Meffrs. Hoffmansegg and Link, who have 
enumerated and defined twenty-feven of the fpecies. G. 



C 747 ] 

Helonias Bullata. Spear-Leaved 


CAj/i tf»^ Order, 

Hexandria Trigynia. 

Generic Character. 

Perianth, o. Cor. infera, hexapetalo-fexpartita, aequalis, per* 
fiftens. St am. corolla longiora vel fubaequalia, ad germinis 
et corollas commiffuram inferta. Germ, trilobato-pulvinatum. 
Styli (Stigmata f) revoluto-patentes, ftaminibus valde breviores. 
Cap/. 3, jun&ae, furfum roftratae atque folutae, intus dehifcentes. 
S entt t — 2 (rarius 3) in fingulis capfulis, varia, fitu erefta. G. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

HELONIAS bullata foliis radicalibus, fpathulato-lanceolatis, 
deorfum longius attenuatis, fubconvoluto-con- 
cavis, recumbenter recurvatis, fcapum fub- 
aphyllum remote fquamatum confertim am- 
bientibus ; racemo fpicato, cylindraceo-ovato, 
brevi, denfo. G. 

HELONIAS bullata. Sp. PI. 485. Syjl. Vegetab. Murr. 349. 
Hort. Kew. 1. 491. Am. Acad. 3. 12. /. uf. 1. 
Mart. Mill. Dic7. Willd. Sp. PI. 1. 273. Bot. 
Rep. /.35a. Redout e Lit t. 13. Exclufis Plu~ 
kenet et Morifon paflim citatis. 

HELONIAS lanceolata. Michaux Fl. Bor- Amer. 1.212. 

VERATRUM fcapo fiftulofo et fquamofo, fpicaftriaa. Trew. 
Ehret. n. 41. /. 77. 

VERATRUM racemo fimpliciffimo corollis patentibus, &c. 
Mill. ic. 181. /. 272. 

Obs. Abfonus bullatze titulus de alienijftma PJuhneto adumbrata 
planta, quafi eadern qua nojira fuiJJ'et , a Linnao dejumptus eji. Amant rubtrc 
folia. G. 

Root perennial, fibrous. Leaves perennial, radical, heaped 
round the ftem, from upright refle&ed, fometimes arranged 


m the form of a widely-expanded rdfe, lanceolate, attenuated 
into a broad convolute petiole-like bafe, with nerves pro- 
minent on the lower furface, and generally tinged with a dull 
reddifh colour. Scape fimple, upright, hollow, thickifh, and 
tumid at the bafe ; attenuated upwards, with diftant, adpreffed, 
fparfe fcales, which become at laft obfolete. Raceme fpiked, 
clofe, (hort, oblong-ovate ; pedicles of the fame colour as the 
flowers, nearly of their length, and appearing to be their 
tube ; none. Corolla palifh purple, hexapetalous-fix- 
parted, patent, equal ; fegments lanceolate-ligulate, flat, firm, 
fmooth, continuous with the pedicles. Stamens overtopping 
the corolla, inferted at its junction with the gertnen, patent; 
anthers incumbent, purplifti blue. Germen obovate, tritorofely 
lobed ; ftyles, or rather ftigmas, narrow lorate, channelled, 
revolutely patent. "Capfule fubtricoccous or compounded of 
three joined inwards, appearing as if one, diverging up* 
wards, beaked by the perlifient ftyles, each fplitting inwards, 
the whole furrounded by the perfiftent remains of the corolla. 
Seeds few, afiurgently erect.. According to Miller, who 
cultivated it, fometimes polygamous. A native of marfhy 
fpots in Maryland and Penfylvania. 

Hardy; but is generally kept in a pot and fheltered along 
with the alpine plants to preferve the flowers from being 
defaced by the winds that prevail at the time of its flowering, 
which is March. Very common. Should be planted in a 
mixture of loam and bog-earth ; produces fuckers freely 
enough ; has no fcent. In fome feafons it ripens the feed with 
us. G. 

X. B. By an overfight, fo nnufual with our moft excellent Draughtsman, the 
fcales on the ftem have been omitted in the figure. 



7 Tun 

ISC4 FS,in. 

C 748 ] 

Helonias Asphodeloides, Grass-Leaved 


♦ # ■ ♦ # ♦ j t ♦ fr ft ♦ » $ $ ft j 4t f S 

C/4/ir a»^ Order. 
Hexandria Trigynia. 

Generic Charatler. — Vid. A w 747. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

HELONIAS qfphodeloides foliis fparfis, lineari-fubulatis vel 
fubacicularibus, fcariofis, pallide ftriatis, coftatim 
carinatis, margine fcabrida; racemo thyrfiformi; 
brafteis fetaceis, vagis, in petiolo imis mediifve, 
nunc etiam fummis atque flori adpofitis. G. 

HELONIAS afpbodeloides. Sp. PL 485. Hort. Kew. 1. 491. 
Mart. Mill. DicJ. Willd. Sp. PL 2. 274. 

XEROPH YLLUM fetifolium. Michaux Bor-Amer. 1. 211. 

Obs. Vulgo huic adjeSfum Plukeneti fynonymon nolis minium videtur 
ambiguum. G. 

Root fibrous. Leaves fparfe, fet rather thickly round the 
ftem, numerous, narrow, not unlike thofe of fome pines, dry 
and harm to the touch, ftreaked with pale lines, radical ones 
recumbent linear-fubulate, keeled; ftem ones fetaceous, partly 
adprelfed, all bending the fame way in a fpiral direction. Stem 
fimple, fometimes a yard high. Flowers arranged in a lax, 
elongately thyrfeform raceme. Petioles of the fame colour as 
^the corollas, than which they are many times longer; each 
having a fingle bra6le, that is fometimes fituate at their bafe, 
at others at their middle, and often clofe to the flower. Co- 
rolla white, quite patent ; fegments oval, flat, the three alter- 
nate ones rathrr the narrowett. Filaments fubulate, contiguous 
at their bafes, and inferted under the germen, which is fome- 
what globular and pulvinately trigonal. Styles or ftigmas, 
narrow-lorate, channelled, from upright revolutely patent. 


Capfule oblong-fpbaeroid, far longer than the perfiftent, fur- 
rounding corolla ; fubtricoccous three-pulvinately trigonal, fe- 
parating from the centre, and opening inwards. Seeds two in 
each cell or capfule, fixed to the lower part of its cavity, up- 
right, oblong, comprefled. 

Michaux has negle8ed to mention the parts of North- 
America in which he found it ; from others we learn that it is 
a native of Penfylvania and Virginia. It was brought to Kew- 
Gardens by Mr. Young, in 1765. 

Our drawing was made at Mr. Loddige's Nurfery, at 
Hackney, where it was received from America near twenty 
years ago, during which period the poffeffor has only feen it 
flower three or four times, and always about the month of June ; 
nor do we find that others have been more fortunate. This 
may in fome meafure account for its never having been figured 
in any work that we are acquainted with. It is faid to require 
a mixture of bog-earth and loam, as well as to be placed in 
a northern afpect ; but we have feen it generally treated as an 
alpine plant, and kept in a frame. 

Its uniting fo ftrong a refemblance to Asphodelus luieus 
in habit, with fo great a difference in character, is very re- 
markable in this order of plants. We have not followed Mi- 
chaux in confidering it a diftincl genus from Helonias; 
he himfelf has offered no difference of character, nor do we 
think fuch a feparation requifite. G. 





h.fa 7 '()//'//,< 

[ 749 ] 
Scilla Peruviana. Corymbose Squil. 

C/j/jt <z>/i Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic CharaRer. — Fid. N um - 746". 

Specific Charafter and Synonyms. 

SCILLA peruviana foliis lato linearibus, fcapo longioribus, 

in orbem recumbentibus ; bracleis folitariis pe- 

dicellos fubaequantibus ; floribus numerofifTimis 

in corymbum magnum fabconicum congeftis ; 

corolla ftellato-patente, perfiftente ; filamentis lato- 

fubulatis. G. 
SCILLA peruviana. Sp. PL 442. Syjt. Veg. Murr. 328. Hort. 

Kew. 1. 444. IVilld. Sp. PL 1. 127. Mart. Mill. 

DiR. n. 5. Desf. Fl. Atl. 1. 296. Link et Hoffm. 

Berlin. Gef. Nat. neue fchrift. b. 4. p. ig. Annals of 

Bat. 1. p. 103. 
SCILLA peruviana. Mill. Ditt. n. 4. Eriophora. n. 10. 
ORNITHOGALUM caeruleum lufitanicum latifolium. Tourn. 

InJI. 381. w 

ORNITHOGALUM eriophorum peruvianum. Tourn. InJI. 

> 381. 

HYACINTHUS ftellatus peruvianus. Clttf. Hi ft. 182. 
ERIOPHORUS peruvianus. Cluf. Hijl. 173. Hort . Eyjt. Vcrn. 

2. /. 9./. I. 
HYACINTHUS indicus bulbofus ftellatus. Bauh. Pin. 47. 

Rudb. Ely/. i. 37./. 1. 
Great Spaniih Starry Jacinth. Park. Parad. 25. ./. 7. 

Bulb large, ovate, tunicate. Leaves many, broad-linear, 
longer than the item, round which they are fpread recumbently, 
channelled downwards. Scape terminated by a many-flowered 
thickfet fomewhat conic corymb, the peduncles in which are 
rather long, and each u (upported by a Tingle membranous brafte 
of nearly the fame length. Corolla perfiftent ; rotately patent, 


with lanceolate, acute fegments ; ftamens fhorter than thefc, 
broad- Tubulate, of the fame colour as the corolla; anthers fhort, 
horizontally incumbent. Flowers in May and June. 

A native of Portugal ; found alfo in the fields of the Alge- 
rine and Tunifian territories by Desfontaines. Linnaeus 
muft have been induced to give the fpecific title of peruviana, 
on the authority of Clusius, who received it with the notice 
of its coming from Peru out of the garden of Everard 
Munich oven, a botanical dilettante of that day, but who 
certainly was miftaken in fuppofing it to have been brought 
from the above country, and has led both his friend, and through 
him Linnaeus, into error. 

It is perfeftly hardy, propagates freely by offsets, and was 
formerly much more common in our gardens than at prefent. 
We have feen a white variety of it. Our drawing was taken at 
the Botanic Garden, Brompton. G. 


fukh T.t 

C 75° ] 

MoRiEA Papilionacea. Dwarf Mor^ea, 

■aNs- ♦♦♦♦♦♦ $ »♦♦»♦♦ *-*•♦# 

Clafs and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Charatter.-~-Vid. N os - 593, 613, Sc 695. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

MOR^EA papilionacea (fubbarbala) foliis duriufculis, caulc 
fimplice longioribus, extus linearis, utrinque pu- 
befcentibus ; fpatha anguftiore longiore ; unguibus 
laminas lanceolato-ovales et pariter patentes aequan- 
tibus, extimis bafifoveola melliferainfculptis. G. 

IRIS papilionacea. Linn. Suppl. 98. Tbunb. Dijf. n. 37. /. 2. 
f. 1. prod. 12. Jacq. Coll. Suppl. 159. /. 3. /. 2. 
Mart. Mill. Dicl. Willd. Sp. PL 1. 238. 

Bulb-tuber as ufual in the genus. Leaves about two or 
three, 3 — 5 inches in length, rather longer than the ftem, 
Itiffifh, pubefcent on both fides, but more fhaggily fo on the 
outer, where it is alfo lineate. Stem fimple, terminated by a 
longifh narrow-convolute fafcicle of 2 — 3 flowers. Corolla 
regular divided to the bafe into fix petal-like fegments ; the 
ungues of which are upright and converge cyathiformly, about 
the length of the laminae, outer ones broader, flightly bearded 
within, with a fmall round honey-bearing cavity at their bafe ; 
laminge lanceolate oval, equally patent. Style very fhort, 
twice fhorter than the germen, and 4— -5 times fhorter than 
the ungues ; ftigmas petaloid, rather fhorter than the inner 
fegments, linear-lanceolate, divided to far below the bafes of 
the laminae, fegments narrow, lanceolate, acuminate, upright ; 
inner lip rounded. Filaments connate for the length of the 
fhort ftyle, then diverging ; anthers linear-oblong. It varies 
much in the colour of its corolla ; of thefe varieties we have 
feen feveral excellent drawings in the Bankfian library made 
at the Cape; all agreeing with ours in ftature ; it poffeffes a 
very pleafing fragrance. Thunberg and Jacquin make the 
corolla beardlefs (imberbis) which certainly was not the cafe 
in our fpecimen, although this pubefcence was very flight. 

Found by Thunberg in abundance in fandy fpots near Cape 
Town, in their Spring and our Autumn months. G. 


S,J.EJy,arJjdel. Pld. hv TCurthf, S^vCni,, 

C 751 1 

Ferraria Antherosa. Green Varie- 
gated Ferraria. 

Oafs and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia, 

Generic Character. 

Infior. fafciculata; involucro lanceolato turgido. Cor. hexa- 
petalo-fexpartita, regularis, unguibus arrecle conniventibus, 
laminis parum inaequalibus rotato-reflexove-patentibus ; ora 
praecrifpa fimbriatis. Fil. cuniculato-connata, furfum fecedentia. 
Sligm. 3, refta, petaliformia, bipartita, capillaceo-multifida ia 
penicillum verticali-trifrontem convergentia. Cap/, coriacea, 
tereti-trigona, acuta. Sem. numcrofa, baccata, orbiculato- 
ovata, vertice umbilicatim dcpreflb. G. 

Obs. Radix tuber nudum, fola epidermide arSle conferruminata olduclum, 
fubinforme, in unherfum depreJJ'e orbiculatum, fubtus umbilicatum, fuperne 
gemtnam frugiferam radicatam promitiens, ipfum effcetum evafurum ; fibra 
haud raro fubmoniliformiter tuberiparce. Caulis furfum ramofus crebroque 
ex fuis numerojls et contlguh involucris berbaceis faclem exhibens foliofam. 
Folia crajjiufcula eutida furfum brev'tora, nee multa. Flares epbemeri, 
fucculenti, fragiles ; unguibus carnofis ad baftn fcrobicula didyma mellifiua 
tnfculptis ; laminis ad latera deflexis medio convexis, ora lichenoidee crifpata. 
Jnthera crajjiores didymo-biloculares. Stigmata bilamellatim involuto- 
complicata, indequefi vet is bilabiata. Germen at que capfula inclufa. Cor oil <t 
fuperior pagina cum Jligmatum lacinulis, ad lentem obfervata, punclulis 
denfffimis prominentibus pruinari deprebenduntur, aranea infar cutis, abfque 
/amen omni pubefcentia. Semina biferialia e majoribus, corrugatim fenef- 
tentia, cum intimo integumento chalaza inftgniore atque umbilico e regione 
oppofita notato, G. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

FERRARIA antherofa unguibus cyathiformi-conniyentibus, 
laminas reflexas fubasquantibus ; antheris craflis, 
difpaniis, fagittato-didymis ; ima parte ftigmatum 
dentatim adau&a j germine capfulaque roftratim 
produftis. G. 

FERRARIA viridis. Bot. Rep. tab. 285. 


This fpecies differs from undidata (No. 144) of this work, 
in having a fmaller corolla, in being variegately green, in 
having the ungues and ftigmas cyathiformly not campanulately 
arranged, and the former the length of the laminae, inftead of 
being three times ihorter ; the anthers are alfo much larger, 
divaricating from their bafe, are accumbent to the ftigma and 
upright, with yellow pollen - y while in that their loculaments 
are parallel, cernuous, retiring from the ftigmas, and rilled with 
deep orange pollen ; the ftigmas of antherofa are moreover 
toothedly widened towards their bafe, which is not the cafe in 
itndulata ; but a ftill more prominent difference of the former 
is the beaked elongation of the germen and capfule, of which 
there is no trace in the latter. Its fcent is faint, not unlike 
that of frefh olives. 

Our figure was drawn from a plant that was raifed in Mr, 
Salisbury's Botanic-Garden at Brompton, from Cape feeds. 

Flowers in March, and fhoqld be treated in the manner of 
the Ixias. G. 

fiEimiJfitl T( urtiA 

[ 75* ] 

IpomjEa Bona Nox. Prickly Ipom^a* 

C/d/Jr #7/^ Order, 
Pektandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. 

Cor. infundibuliformis. Stigma capitato-globofum. Cap/, 
3-locularis. [Bacca exfucca aut fucculenta, l-locularis, 4- 
ijperma aut per aborturn 2-fperma. G,£rtn.~j 

Specific Characler and Synonyms, 

IPOMifLA bona nox ; foliis cordatis acutis integerrimis, caule 
aculeato, floribus ternis, corollis indivifis. Linn, 
Spec. PL 228. Reich. 1. 450. Willd. Sp. PL u 
882. Hort. Kezv. 1. 216. G<ert, Frucl. %. p. 247. 
t> 134- /« 3- Martyn Mill. Ditt. 

IPOMjEA bona nox. Michaux FL Bor-Americ. 1. p. 140. 

CONVOLVULUS foliis cordatis, caule aculeato. Hort, Cliff. 

CONVOLVULUS maximus, caule fpinulis obtufis obfito. 
Sloane Jam. 1. p. 151. /• 96. /. 1. 

IPOM^A fylveftris, foliis ct floribus ampliflimis : tubis 
florum fubteretibus. Brown Jam. 155. 

CONVOLVULUS americanus fubrotundis foliis viticulis fpi- 
nofis. Pink, Aim. 115. /. 276. f. 3. 

SMILAX afpera Indiae occidentalis. Bauh. Pin. 296. 

IpomvEa and Convolvulus, as ufually characlerifed, have 
no certain limits; Gartner, by applying the difference of 
the fruit to diftinguifh the two genera, excludes from Ipom^ea 
all the known fpecies except this and zeylanica. We very 
much regret that we have had no opportunity of examining 
the fruit in the living plant, to confirm the obfervation of 
Gartner, efpecially as the form of the calyx in his figure 
not correfponding with that of our plant, rather leads to the 
fuppofition of fome error. 


Brown, in his Hiftory of Jamaica, remarks that it varies 
in the form of the leaves, being fometimes heart-fhaped and 
fometimes lobed, which feems to be a circumftance common 
to many of the Convolvuli of tropical countries. 

Native of the Weil-Indies, where it grows to a very great 
length, trailing its branches along the ground and climbing 
lofty trees. 

It is an annual of very rapid growth, but does not readily 
flower. Linnaeus remarks, that in the garden of Mr. Clif- 
ford, it grew from the feed to the length of twelve feet in 
about eight weeks, but produced no bloffoms. 

Introduced to this country by John, Earl of Bute, in 1773. 
Is a tender annual requiring the conftant heat of the ftove. 
Flowers in July — September. 

Our drawing was taken at Mr. Woodford's, Vauxhall. 



,i K.hunh J.-l Fuhln T( 

C 753 ] 


^ Mi» » » jt1 » » ft * » »»»»»♦ ■ »» fr 

C7a/> and Order, 
Decandria Monogynia, 

Generic Charatler. 

Cal. fubbilabiatus 5-fidus. Cor, papilionacea, alae vexilli Ion* 
gitudine. Legumen ventricofum polyfpermum. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

PODALYRIA biflora ; foliis fimplicibus ovatis fubtomentofis, 
pedunculis bifloris, calycibus bafi intrufis to- 
mentofis coloratis. Willd, Sp, PI, v, 2, p. 505. 

PODALYRIA. Lamarck Illuft, Gen. t. 327. /. 3. 

SOPHORA biflora, Retz. Ob/. 1. p. 36. Mart, Mill, Di£I. 
n. 21. Hori, Kew, 2, 46. ? 

Desc. Stalk fhrubby, branched: younger branches downy, 
round. Leaves oval, [harp at both ends, with a fmall acuminate 
reflexed point, filky on both fides, with filvery adprefled hairs, 
margin ruft-coloured, nearly feflile. Petiole very fhort, ex- 
ceeded in length by a pair of fubulate adprefled flipules. Pe- 
duncle nearly terminal, twice the length of the leaves, divided 
into two pedicles, each having a thick blunt fcale or bra&e at 
the bafe and fupporting a large white flower that changes 
reddifh with age. Calyx three-toothed, fubbilabiate, hollowed 
at the bafe as if the footftalk was pufhed in, covered with a 
ruft-coloured tomentum. The long ftrigae making the calyx 
appear larger than the corolla mentioned by Retz i us we do 
not underftand. Corolla papilionaceous: ftandard large, ob- 
cordate ; wings fhorter than the ftandard, axe-fhaped, clawed ; 
keel fhorter than thefe, including the parts of fructification. 
Stamens, in the flowers we examined, only feven : filaments 


diftinft, inferted in the receptacle ; anthers yellow. Ovarium 
ovate: ftyle longer than ftamens; itigma fimple. Sweet- 
fcented, efpecially after fun-fet. 

Retzius has diftinguifhed four fpecies of Sophora with 
fimple leaves, all of which appear to have been confounded 
in one by Linnaeus in the Species Plantarum. Our plant is 
undoubtedly that to which he exclufively applies the name 

Whether Sophora biflora of Hort. Kew. be the fame 
with our plant appears extremely doubtful, as the figure of 
Plukenet, there quoted, certainly does not belong to it. It 
is a native of the Cape, and requires the fhelter of a green- 

Our drawing was made from a plant fent us by Mr. Lob- 
diges at Hackney laft year. Flowers in June. 


T &f ir; 

•frd.Ii.MrJ, Ll. FubhvTCurti. 

[ 754 ] 
Galax Aphylla. Carolina Galax. 

Oafs and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Charafler. 

Cal. i-phyllus5-partitus. Cor. 5 -petal a. Neclarium tubulofum 
ftaminiferum. Filam. 5 fertilia, 5 caftrata. Cap/. 3-locularis, 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

GALAX aphylla. Linn. Sp. PL 289. Reichard. 1. 562. lYilld. 

Sp. PL 1. 1146. 
ERYTHRORHIZA rotundifolia. Michaux Flor. Bor-Am. 2. 

p. 35. /. 36. 
BLANDFORDIA cordata. Bot. Repof. 343. 
VITICELLA. MitcheL Gen. 24. 
BELVIDERE. Gron. Virg. 25. 
PYROLA floribus albis fpicatis, caule aphyllo ; folio fub- 

rotundo, ferrato, pediculo longiffimo infidenti. Clayt. 

Virgin, n. 31. 

*" I 1 .1 ■ ■ ■ . „ 1 ■ — II — ■ I ,1-1 ■■! ■ -1.1! ! . 

Desc. Root creeping, according to Michaux of a deep 
red colour throughout. Leaves all radical, petioled, fubpeltate, 
round-heart-fhaped, crenate-dentate with glandular teeth, rigid 
lilft: the frons of an adiantum, ftrongly veined underneath, 
margins coloured blackifh red by age. Petiole ere8, rounded, 
3 — 6 inches long, inferted into the under furface of the leaf 
very near the bafe. Scape leaflefs, a foot and half high, riling 
from a fquamofe egg-fhaped bud or kind of bulb, rounded, 
naked except a few minute fubulate fcales towards the bafe. 
Flowers fmall, milk-white, in a fimple fpike on very mort 
pedicles, with a fingle very fmall bra&c below each. Calyx 
one-leafed, five-cleft, coloured at the points of the fegments, 
perfiftent. Corolla five-petaled, or at leaft feparating by a very 
fmall force, though frequently falling off together with the 
ne&ary flightly attached at the bafe. Petals lanceolate, fub- 
emarginate, attached to the receptacle. Netlary tubular, half 
the length of the petals, divided at the upper part into ten 
fegments : five longer, erecl, dilated at the points, without 
anthers ; five fhorter, bearing as many fuborbicular yellow an- 
thers attached to the inner furface, which is fomewhat hollowed 


out to receive them. Ovary egg-fhaped, fuperior, 3—4 celled, 
feeds many, minute; ftyle o, ftigma flefhy, three or four- 
lobed. Refembles in habit a Plantago. 

Michaux confiders it of the family of Erica Ju(f. to us its 
natural affinity is not very apparent j in the form of the ne&ary, 
Achyranthes comes near it. 

This very rare and curious plant appears to have been un- 
known to every European Botanift fmce Linnaus, who had 
himfelf but a very imperfea knowledge from dried fpecimens, 
and the little which he could acquire from the obfervations 
of Mitch el and Gronovius, until it was detefted and more 
fully and accurately defcnbed by Michaux, who gave it the 
name of Erythrorhiza, from the colour of the root, which 
he fays is of a deep red, much like that of Madder. 

To the indefatigable Mr. Eraser, of Sloane-Square, Chel- 
fea, we are indebted for its introduction into this country. 
He informs us that he firft difcovered it at the foot of the 
mountains at the back part of the State of Georgia, in the 
year 1786. Not finding that any Botanift here was at all ac- 
quainted with the plant, he felt himfelf at liberty to name it 
after the Marquis of Blandford; we are forry, by reftoring 
the original Linnean appellation, to deprive this nobleman of 
this well-merited honour. Michaux found it on the high 
mountains of Carolina, flowering in May. This author 
refers it to Monadelphia, but as it has not the fmalleft 
affinity with any other plants of this clafs, we rather choofe to 
leave it where Liknaus had arranged it, although what we 
call the tubular neBary, to which the ftamens are attached 
may perhaps, without impropriety, be confidered as formed* 
by the jundion of the filaments. It is probably a hardy her- 
baceous plant, though whilft fo fcarcc it may be fafeft to melter 
it through the Winter in the Green-Houfe, by which means 
too the old leaves being longer preferved, continue after the 
plant is in flower, and add much to its beauty. Is eafily pro- 
pagated by means of its creeping root. Should be planted in 
bog-earth with a mixture of fandy loam. 



fid Av T.Curh 

C 755 ] 

Pergularia Minor. West-Coast 


Clafs and Order. 
Pentandria Digynia. 

Generic Char after. 

Contorta. Neclarinvi ambiens genitalia cufpidibus 5 fagit- 
talis. Cor. hypocrateriformis. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

PERGULARIA minor; foliis rotundato-cordatis abrupteacu- 
minatis, calycibus tubum aequantibus, corollas 
laciniis obtufis concavis. 

PERGULARIA minor. Bot. Repof. PI. 184. 

PERGULARIvE odoratiffimse var. Smith Icon. pi£i. Fafc. 3. 
p. 16. 

Dr. Smith confiders tbis as fcarcely even a variety of his 
Pergularia odoratijjima ; perhaps, had he feen both in a 
living date, he might have formed a different conclufion. We 
acknowledge the affinity is very great, but are inclined to think 
them diftinct. 

It is a fmaller plant, the leaves are rounder, much more 
abruptly acuminated, with a {lender recurved point. Corolla of 
a tawny yellow colour, fegments blunter, concave, margins 
not reflected, tube hardly longer than the calyx. 

The fragrance of the flowers is exquifite, on which account 
the plant is much cultivated, to twine round bowers in the 
gardens, in the Eaft- Indies. Its native country unknown. 
Introduced to Kew-Gardens by Sir Joseph Banks, in 1784. 

Our drawing was taken in the garden of the Dowager Lady 
De Clifford, in July 1801. 

Dr. Smith fays, that if any plant is to be confidcrcd as 
gynandrous, this certainly is; but he has neverthelefs very 
properly abflained from feparating it from Periploca, Cvn- 
anchum, Sec. J 


JZ&anlrja Tuh b\ TOu 

C 756 1 

Aloe Arachnoides. Spider-Footed- 
Leaved Aloe. 


Clafs and Order, ^ 

Hexandria Monogynia* 

Generic Character. 



Cor. ere£ta, ore patulo, fundo ne&arifero. Filam. recepta- 
culo inferta. 

Specific CharaRer and Synonyms. 

ALOE arachnoides (acaulis) foliis erefto et ar&atim ambienti- 
bus, fublanceolatis, furfum cufpidato-trigonis, exquc 
fpinis parallelis filiformibus membranaceo- lends 
echinatis ; bra&eis pedicellos breviffimos fuperantibus ; 
corolla fubventricofo-cylindrica, ore ringente. G. 

ALOE arachnoides. Decand. PI. Gr. liv. 9. /. 50. 

ALOE arachnoides a communis. IVilld. Sp. PI. 2. p. 183. 
HorL Kew. 1. p. 4.67. Thunb. Aloe, n. 7. Prod. 61. 
Mart. Mill. Ditt. n. 3. 

ALOE pumila $ arachnoides. Sp. PL 460. 

ALOE africana bumilis arachnoidea. Comm. Prelud. 78. /. 27. 
op time. Knorr del. 1. t. A. 11. Brad. Succ. 3. p. 12. 
/. 30. 

ALOE arachnoidea humilis. Wetnm. Phyt. Icon. 73. 6. male. 

ALOES patte d'araignee. Lamarck Lncyc. n. 13. var. «. 

Leaves very fhort, remarkable for the foft membranous 
fpines that edj^e the upper part of their fides and keel; which 
fomewhat relemble the legs or feet of fome fpiders, whence it 
takes its trivial name, and not from the leaves being covered 


with web-like filaments, as in Sempervivum aiatbnnidcum { fo 
that the EngHfh name of Cobweb Aloe given by Miller is 
inapplicable. The pedicles are very fhort and far exceeded by 
thebracles. The corolla ventricofely cylindrical and bilabiate. 
Filaments fomewhat unequal, about equal to corolla. Style very 
Jhort, ftigma trigonal, fubcapitate. 

Found byTnuNBERcat the Cape, in Carro, near Swartkop's 
Saltpans. Cultivated with us folong fince as 1725, and is now 
a very common plant. G, 

. 'V7 UJwardt Jsl. Tub. by TCwrtif, .TV-iv Crtfc&nt Jidyl2604 F.Sa^m scuty. 
^ he*.v**X*+> v-*y cdJ^vc rr.^^ oH^ 

[ 757 ] 
Aloe Humilis. Soft-Spined Aloe. 

C7tf/jr tf«,i Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia, 

Generic Charatler. 

Cor. ere£ta, ore patulo, fundo ne&arifero. Filam. recepta- 
culo inferta. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms, 

ALOE humilis (acaulis) foliis ambientibus, caefpitofis, afTur- 

gentibus, lato-fubulatis, piano convexis ; fpinis albis, 

mollibus, inermibus, undique erumpentibus ; bra&eis 

pedicellos fubaequantibus ; corolla cylindrica hexape- 

talo-partita, ore patulo, reflexo. G. 
ALOE humilis, acaulis, foliis undique inerme fpinofis, ad- 

fcendentibus, fubulato-trigonis, floribus cylindricis. 

Dec and. PL Gr. liv. 7. n. 39. 
ALOE humilis. Willd. Sp. PL v. 2. p. 187. Thunb. Diff. n. 

6. Prod. 61. 
ALOE perfoliata var. humilis. Sp. PL 458. Hort. Kew. 1, 

467. Mart. Mill. Die!. 
ALOE foliis ereclis fubulatis radicatis undique inerme fpinofis. 

Hort. Cliff. 131. Roy. Lugd. 24. 
ALOE africana humilis, fpinis inermibus et verrucis obfna.' 

Comm. pr<el. jj. /. 26. rar. 46. /. 46. oplime. Bocrh. 

ind. alt. 2. 130. n. 23. Til. Hort. Pif. p. 7. /. 6. male. 
ALOE africana foliis glaucis margine et doifi fuperiori parti 

fpinofis. Weinm. Phyt. t. 73. a. 

Desc. Stem. none. Leaves furrounding the fcape tuftwife, 
affurgent, and often (lightly incurved upwards, broad-fubulate, 
plano-convex, fometimes nearly tr befet with white 

fubcartilagineous foftifh fpines ; tlicfc at the edges are 
teerhlike, regularly arranged^ more numerous and perfect 
in fliape, but in the other parts are often abortive and 


appearing like little white puftules. Scape central, upright, 
from half to two feet high, befet from the bafe with convolute, 
acuminate, membranous, white bra&es, refembling the upper 
fertile ones. Raceme fpiked, longifh, not very thickset. Pe- 
dicles about the length of the bra&e and corolla, upright. 
Corolla pendulous cylindrical, parted to the bafe, three outer 
fegments narrowed and more fucculent, inner ones nearly 
membranous, all patuloufly reflefted at the mouth. Filaments 
fiightly unequal, nearly the length of corolla, fub-affurgent. 
Stigma fimple. 

A native of the Cape of Good Hope. An old inhabitant of 
our. gardens. Requires the fame treatment as the reft of the 

Ourdrawing was taken at Meffrs. Grimwood and Wykes's, 
Kenfington. G. 

N V 15S 

,/ El.:, i U Puh.b. T.CurtLs. Jt&ecCfefcznl 

C 758 ] 

Tritoma Uvaria. Serrulate-Leaved 

Oafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monocynia. 

Generic Cbara8er. — Fid. N UM ' 744. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

TRITOMA Uvaria ,* foliorum margine carinaque fpinulofo- 

ferrata ; fpica ovali-cylindrica, corolla clavato- 

VELTHEIMIA Uvaria. Willd.Sp. Pl.i.p. 182. Jacq. Fragm. 

7 .t. 4 .f. G. 
ALETRIS Uvaria. Syji. Veg. 277. Hort. Kew. 1. p. 464. 

Mart. Mill. DicJ. n. 4. 
ALOE Uvaria. Sp. PL 460. Kniph. cent. 9. n. 5. Knorr delic. 

1. /. A. 13. 
ALOE foliis linearibus radicalibus membranaceis. Hort. Cliff. 

133. Roy. Lugd. 23. 
ALOE africana folio triangulari longiffimo et anguftiffimo, 

floribus luteis foetidis. Commel. Hort. 2. p. 29. 

/. 15. Seb. the/. 1. />. 29. /. 19./- 3. 
ALOE africana folio triangulo, longo, floribus ex luteo rubris, 

vulgo Iris uvaria. IVetnm. Pbyt. lc. 45. a. 

A native of the Cape of Good Hope. Cultivated in our 
gardens fo long ago as the year 1707. Blooms in the Autumn. 
Is fufficiently hardy to refill the cold of our milder Winters, 
but in very (evere weather requires to be protected from the 
froft. Is ufually propagated by fuckers, as alfo feed, which it 
produces freely. C. 


JylEd^r.uu. Pub byT.CurtLs,S t G&.€rcfcentJuliii»4 £?*&* «+ 

[ 759 ] 
Mor^a Crispa. Short-Spathed Mor^ea, 

Clafs and Order* 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — Fid. N"- 593, 613, & 695, 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

MORjEA crifpa foliis rigidiufculis, glaberrimis, revoluto. 
divancatis; caule praeftriao, laeviffimo, his fubas 
quali : involucris herbaceis, brevibus, navicular^ 
ovatis, bafi nodulofo-tumidis • laminis obovato- 
oblongis intimis minoribus, ftigmatibus petali- 
formibus, erefto-convergentibus. G. 

IRIS crifpa. Linn. Suppl 98. Tbunb. Dijf. 36. Uuf.u Prod. 
12. (Nee Mor je a cri/pa in ejufd. DJil.) WilUL 
Sp. PL 1. 238. 

(*) foliis explicatis ; caule fimplici. G. 

(P) foliis fubundulato-crifpis ; caule fubramofo. G. 

(y) foliis totis undulato-crifpis ; caule ramofo. G. 

In root and habit this inconfpicuous fpecies agrees with 
the generality of its congeners. It was found at the Cape of 
Good Hope by Thunberg on hills near the town. 

Our drawing was taken at Mr. Salisbury's Botanic Garden, 
Brompton, by whom it was imported. Its fpecific name will 
often lead into error, as the leaves are moft frequently without 
any enfpature. G. 





%{I<h,*r,ir „■>/ Vub:}r\' T Curds S?G& 

.[ ?6o ] 

Persoonia Linearis. Linear-Leaved 

C/i2/> j»^ Order. 
Tetrandria Monogynia. 

Generic Cbaratler. 

Cat. o. Petala quatuor, bafin verfus ftaminifera. Glandule 
4 ad bafin germinis. Stigma obtufum. Drupa monofperma. 
Smith in Aft. Soc. Lin. v. 4. p. 215. 

Spec if c Char ail er and Synonyms. 

PERSOONIA linearis ,• foliis linearibus. 
PERSOONIA linearis. Bot. Rep. 77. 
PERSOONIA anguftifolia. Bank/. Herb. 

This genus was named by Dr. Smith, in honour of Mr. 
Chistian Henry Persoon, author of feveral T rafts upon 
Fungi. Is a native of New South-Wales, in the neighbour- 
hood of Port Jackfon. A hardy greenhoufe fhrub, propagated 
either by cuttings or feeds which it produces freely with us. 
Flowers the latter-end of Summer, 

Introduced by the late J. Robertson, Efq. of Stockwell, 
who was fo much attached to the fcience of Botany as to 
intend leaving his garden for the ufe of the public ; but 
through fome informality in the inftrument, the will was fet 
afide, and his intention of courfe fruftrated. 

J 0> ]6i 

S?J.EJ*aris JJ fub. bvT.Curti,, SfG&tCrYJccnl July udV4. ESmtfa* **£ 

C 76t ] 

Pelargonium Incrassatum. Fleshy-Leaved 
Pelargonium, or Crane's-Bill. 

•fc % % % ££ ■%% ¥ % ♦■ ♦♦♦#♦ $-$--$"$- 

C/o/j tf«</ Order* 


Generic Chara&er. — Fid. N um - 524, 

Specific Char abler and Synonyms. 

PELARGONIUM incrajfatum : fubacaule, fcapo divifo hir- 
futo, foliis lobato-pinnatifidis glabris : 
pinnulis obtufiffimis, petalis, fupenonbus 

GERANIUM incraflatum. Bot. Rep. 246. 

This belongs to the fecond feftion in Prof. Willdf.kow's 
edition of the Species Plantarum, and has confiderable affinity 
with Pelargonium came urn of Jacquin. Of the tuberous- 
rooted Geraniums this is one of the mod deferable for the 
beauty of its lowers, but is equally tender with the reft of 
the tribe. 

Our drawing was made at Mr. Colville's, in the King's- 
Road, in June 1802, who was at that time we believe its fole 
poffeflbr in this country. 

Is propagated with difficulty by cuttings of the root, or by 
feed, which it produces very Sparingly with us. 


Tub. byTjDuHu, ■ &Ga >. ( re/cxn/r, July 1 h& 7 

[ 7& ] 

Dahlia Coccinea. Scarlet-Flowered 




CYa/V #»*/ Order. 
Syngenesia Polygamia Superflua." 

Generic Charafier. 

Cal. 2-plex. Cor. radiata radiis lacinias calycis numero 
aequantibus : corollul* pedicellatae. Recept. paleaceum. Stig- 
mata plumofa. Pappus o. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

DAHLIA coccinea ; foliis impari-pinnatis fcabris, calyce ex- 
terno pentaphyllo reflexo : interno multipartito. 

DAHLIA coccinea; foliis bipinnatis: pinnulis ovato-acuminatis 
ferratis. Cavan. Icon. 266. 

Of the genus Dahlia* there are three fpecies defcribed 
by Cavanilles, in his Icones et Defcripliones Plantarum, 
with neither of which our plant exactly correfponds, but we 
fuppofe it to belong to his coccinea : the circumftance of the 
lower pinnae of the leaf in his plant being again divided into 
three leaflets, may arife from too luxurious growth. In the 
roughnefs of the upper furface of the leaves, the reflected 
five-leaved outer calyx, the deep divifion of the fegments of 
the inner, the fize and colour of the corolla, the number of 
the radius, and in the height of the ftalk, both plants per- 
fectly correfpond. The paleae of the receptacle are yellow, 

So named by M. Cavanilles in honour of Andrew Dahl, a 
Swedifh Botanift, Author of Obfervationes Botanic*, and not to be confounded 
wuh Dale a of Hart. Cliff, and Jussjeu, a plant named after Dale the friend 
of Rat. 


lanceolate, ere£t, and furround the outer circle of the florets 
of the difc, but being fomewhat fhorter than thefe are not 
feen in the figure. The tube of the floret is very long and 
contracted below, giving it the appearance of being raifed 
upon a pedicle. The florets in the centre appear to be all 
male, thofe in the circumference of the difc female, and the 
radius neuter ; fo that our fpecies at leaft more properly belongs 
to the order of Polygamia necejfaria and feems to unite (till 
clofer with Polymnia, to which genus M. Cavanilles has 
pointed out its near affinity. 

Is a native of South- America, and may be confidered as a 
hardy greenhoufe herbaceous perennial. 

Our drawing was taken in June 1803, at Mr. Fraser's, of 
Sloane-Square, who has the credit of introducing this orna- 
mental plant among us from France, 


Syd Edwards del Tub. h V TOirtis, S^Geo. CrtftYntJulyllScH XS~t 

C 763 ] 


# ♦ ♦♦♦ M ♦♦ ♦ ♦ %% % % f ♦ <► 

Oafs and Order. 

Syngenesia Polycamia Superflua. 

Generic Character. 

Receptaculum paleaceum. Pappus fetaceus. Cal. imbricatus* 
radiatus : radio colorato. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

XERANTHEMUM Jefamoides ; ramis unifloris imbricatis 

tomentofis, foliis linearibus, fuperioribus 

ramo adpreffis : inferioribus liberis faf- 

XERANTHEMUM Jefamoides ; ramis unifloris imbricatis, 

foliis linearibus adpreffis. Sp. PL 1203. 

Reich. 3. 776. Mill. Di&. n. 6. Berg. 

Cap. 273. 
XERANTHEMUM Jefamoides; foliis trigonis adpreffis. Tbunb. 

Prod. 152. 
«. calycibus externe purpureis. Bot. Mag. 425. 
XERANTHEMUM {lore rubicundo in lutefcentem album 

Janguente D. Oldenland. Raii. Hijl. 

III. p. 180. 
0. calycibus niveis. 
XERANTHEMUM fefamoides, flore albo, ericaefoliis cauli 

tomentofo adftri&is ; ad radicem vero 

ftaechadis citrinis longioribus et folutis. 

Pluk. Amalih. 213. /. 449./. 5. 
XERANTHEMUM fquamofum, foliis fquamofis linearibus, 

floribus argenteis. Burm. Afr. 181. /. 

ELICHRYSUM africanum lanuginofum, anguftiflimo folio, 
calyce floris argenteo et ampliffimo. 
Breyn. ic. 27. /. \6.f. 2. 
y. calycibus fulphureis. 
XERANTHEMUM fafciculatum. Bot. Repof. 242. 


ELYCHRYSUM africanum lanuginofum, anguftiflimo folio, 

calyce floris fulphureo ample Breyn. 

ic. 28. /. 16./. 3. 
CHRYSOCOME feu ARGYROCOME africana erico-ides, 

capitis b. fpei. Seb. the/. 2. /. 43. f. 5. 


The leaves of all the varieties oFXeranthemum fefamoides 
are fafciculated, in fome degree refembling thofe of fome 
fpecies of pine-tree ; upon the branches they are very fhort, 
clofely adprefled to the ftalk, and as it were glued thereto by 
the woolly pubefcence. The fort with fulphur- or ftraw-coloured 
flowers is as elegant as any, is a native of the Cape, blows freely 
moft of the fummer, and is increafed by cuttings. 

Our drawing was made from a plant in the magnificent 
collection of George Hibbert, Efq. at Clapham -Common, 
by whom it was firft introduced into this country. 

N 0h j64 

tub by T. fur lis S: 


[ 7^4 ] 
Tritoma Pumila. Lesser Tritoma. 

-& ^ $-$-$*$ &Mh|* M- 4HMHMH|HMt 

CA?/} tfff<^ Order. 

Hexandria Monogynia, 

Generic Characler. — Fid. N um - 744. 

Specific Chara&er and Synonyms, 

TRITOMA pumila foliis diftichis, margine et carina permi- 
nutim lei rulato-fcabrida ; caule breviore ; fpica 
oblonga, confena; corolla curtata, cyathiformi- 
carupanuiata. G. 

VELTHEIMI4 pumila. WtUd. Sp. PL 2 182. 

ALETR1S pumila. Hort. Keiv. 1. 464. Mart. Mill. Diff. 

This fmaller fpecies differs widely from the two foregoing; 
in having the leaves arranged diftichwife or oppofite, and not 
ambiently as in thofe ; in having a fhort corolla of a cup- 
campanul <te fhape ; as alfo in fize, and time of flowering. 
From media it may be known at firft fight by its leaves not 
being glaucous; from Uvaria by fmaller fize and fhortnefs of 

Found at the Cape by Masson, and introduced by him 
into Kew Gardens in 1774. Blooms from September to 

Our drawing was taken at Mr. Woodford's ; we alfo faw 
it at Mr. Willi >ms's Nurfery, Turnham-Green ; it feeras 
as hardy as the others. G, 

SvJ£,h,ri<J,! p„l by T.Curtis, StGevO 

^^WEL tfcu* «rt xv'.-v >*' 

C 765 ] 

Aloe Maculata. Spotted Aloe. 

Clafs and Order, 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character, — Fid. N um ' 756. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

ALOE maculata (fubacaulis) foliis inaequaliter trigonis, macu- 
latis, junioribus fubdiftichis, longe acuminatis ; fcapo 
elongate, furfum ramofo ; floribus racemofis, pedi- 
ceiiON parum excedentibus • corolla curvata, deorfum 
ventricofa, laciniis externis longius unitis ; organis 
inci ufts. G. 

ALOE maculata. Thunb. Dijf. 10. Hort. Kew. 1. 469. Mart. 
Mill. DicJ. mild. Sp. PL 

ALOE maculata (pulchraj. Mill. f. 195. /. 292. 

ALOE obliqua. Decand. PL Gr. I. 16. t. gi. 

Stem very (hort, generally covered with leaves, the lower 
of which are ambient, the younger commonly diflich and far 
acuminate; all variegated or fpotted with white, quite fmootb, 
polifhed, with entire even edges. Scape tall, (lender, branched 
upwards. Flowers growing in a loofe pendulous raceme, ra- 
ther longer than the pedicles, as thefe are than the bracles. 
Corolla cylindrical, ventricofe downwards, curved towards the 
middle ; the three outer fegments are connate as far as the 
curve; inner thinner. Stigma fimple. Filaments enclofed in 
the (lender part of the corolla. Seeds flat, membranoufly alate. 

Cultivated here by Miller. Found at the Cape of Good 
Hope by Thunb erg, growing wild in the Houtniquas moun- 
tains ; but often cultivated at Cape Town. 

To be treated like the other Cape Aloes. Blooms freely, 
and is eafily propagated by offsets; very common. G. 


'-•J Pub. by TCurtu, StGte.Crefcent Atu? f. W4. FS*£m W 

[ 766 ] 

Lachenalia Unifolia. One-Leaved 

Oafs and Order, 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Charatler.~Vid. N um - 588. 

Specific CharatJer and Synonyms. 

LACHENALIA unifolia folio unico ; racemo raro, Iaxo ; 
corolla pedicello breviore, urceolato-cylin- 
drica, bilabiato-irregulari ; laciniis extimis 
brevioribus, attenuates, intimis furfum dila- 
tatis ; lacinia una convoluta, minore ; or- 
ganis inclufis affurgentibus. G. 

LACHENALIA unifolia. Jacq.Hort. Scheenb. 1. p. 4. /. 83. 

mud. sp. pl 2. 178. 

This fpecies is remarkable for having only one leaf; the 
other chara&eriftics are fully given in the above fpecihc de- 
scription. The bra6tes are membranous and far fhorter than 
the pedicles. The Stigma fimple. Quite fcentlels. 

Our drawing was made at Mr. Wooofok'd's, by whom the 
bulb was imported from the Cape, as we fuppofe, for the firlt 
time into this country. Requires the treatment of the hardier 
Cape bulbs, that is mere protection from froft, and from too 
much wet in the winter. G. 


f J nh hv i'A 'lirlis,. I'.'<>,; 

[ 7^7 ] 

Melanthium Uniflorum. Yellow 


Clafs and Order. 

Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. — Fid. N os - 641 &: 694. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

MELANTHIUM uniflorum foliis lato-fubulatis, canaliculars, 
acute carinatis, fubciliatis, laevibus; flori- 
bus paucis, petalis diftinctiifimis, ungui- 
culatis, deorlum conniventibus, furfum 
patentibus, lanceolatis ; germine trigono- 
columnari; ftylis brevifljmis, hamato-recur- 
vatis, ftigmatibus obfoletis, hirtiufculis. G. 

MELANTHIUM uniflorum. Jacq. ic. rar. 2. t. 450. Coll. 4. 
100. Willi. Sp. PL 2. 269. 

MELANTHIUM ciliatum. Jacq. fragm. 6. 23. /. 3. /. 3. 
neque Thunbergii aut Linnati fil. cui fpica 
denfa multiflora florefque albi. 

Obs. Nomen fpecificum omnino fallax, plant a enlm vix unquam urn- 
flora. G. 

Bulb as ufual in the genus. Leaves 4 — 7, or even more, 
diftich, broad-fubulate, channelled, cannate, fmooth, fhining, 
very minutely ciliate, convolute at their bates, cauline ones 
or bractes gradually fhorter, fometimes barren, at others {Im- 
porting a one-flowered peduncle. Stem from three inches to 
a foot high, generally about the length of the lowermoft leaves. 
Flowers about an inch in diameter, 2 — 6. Corolla diftinctly 
hexapetalous, petals (landing on the fubtumid apex of the 
peduncle, unguiculate, ungues linear, ftaminifcrous their whole 
length, generally of a deep crimfon colour; lamina: lanceolate, 
patent, flat, of a deep yellow within, brownifh-crimfon without, 


twice the length of the ungues. Germen a trigonal deeply 
trifulcate fliaft, longer than the ungues, ahout half the length 
of the petals; ftyles continuous, very fhort, fubulate, hooked- 
recurved, divergent ; fligmas nearly obfolete, but when 
examined very clofe are perceived to be pubefcent or fome- 
what pencilled ; filaments adnate to the ungues, equal to about 
half the length of the corolla; anthers fagittate-oblong, yellow. 
Capfule coriaceo-membranous, bluntly triquetral, deeply tri- 
fulcate, as if compofed of three diftincl (hafts, each beaked by 
its fhort perfiftent ftyle ; feeds many, roundifh. When the 
plant is very fhort and the leaves luxuriant, it reminds us of 
Melanthium en comoides. 

Jacquin in his Vragmenta obferves very juftly, that he has 
found unifiorum to be a fpecific name ill adapted to the plant, 
indeed the rudiments of a fecond peduncle and flower are 
perceptible in his own figure in the Icones PI. rar. 

The drawing was taken from a Cape bulb imported by 
Mr. Salisbury, of the Botanic Garden, Brompton. 

Its flowers have no fcent ; expand during the Summer 
months; mould be kept with the Ixias and hardier Cape 
plants in fmall pots of fandy peat-earth, and protected from too 
much moifture while quiefcent. G. 


r r .;.Eu.,ni.-.M XCurtis, . vtGee.t refcenl . iua < 

C 768 ] 

Othonna Pinnata. Pinnated Othonna, 
or African Ragwort. 

» ■ » f » $ » frftfrfrjt $# $$»♦»»$♦» 

C/^z/} <zw^ Order. 
Syngenesia Polygamia Necessaria. 
Generic CharalJer. 
Recept. nudum. Pappus fubnullus. Cal. l-phyllus multifidus, 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 
OTHONNA pinnata; radice tuberofa, caule herbaceo, de- 
cumbente foliis radicalibus glaucis obovatis inte- 
gerrimis et pinnatifidis : caulinis ovatis feflilibus, 
pedunculis unifloris longiflimis. 
OTHONNA pinnata; foliolis pinnatifidis pinnis lanceolatis 
integerrimis decurrentibus. Linn. Suppl. 387. 
Mart. Mill. Dicl. a. 10. 
OTHONNA bulbofa. (3. Spec. Plant. 1309. Reich. 3. 933. 

Hort. Kew. 3. p. 276. 
JACOB^EjE affinis planta tuberofa capitis b. fpei. Breyn. 
Cent. 1. /. 66. Mori/on. Hift. f. 7. t. 18. /. 33. 
v (qua ejl Breynii figura contracla.) 

The bulbous-rooted Othonna is faid to put on as great a 
variety of appearances as any plant whatever, but perhaps 
fome really diftinfr fpecies have been confounded together, and 
by the advice of Prof. Thunberg this variety was feparated 
in the Supplementum Plantarum by the younger Linnaeus. 
This change has been adopted by Martyn inhisedition of Mi l- 
ler's Dictionary ; under fuch authority we acquiefce, although 
we have no doubt but our plant is the fame with that figured by 
Breynius, which probably is the one that Linnaeus had parti- 
cularly in view whenhe framed his fpecific character of Oth o nna 
bulbofa ; in this figure one of the younger leaves is evidently 
pinnated. The leaves in our fpecies are glaucous, obovate, very 
obtufe, fome quire entire, others pinnatifid; the calyx is cylindri- 
cal, eight-toothed ; teeth acute, black at the point ; the feeds are 
crowned with a feffile hairy pappus. Before the flowering-ftem 
moots forth, this plant hasvery much the appearance of a tuberous- 
rooted Geranium. It has a very particular manner of fleeping, 
the petals being neatly rolled back every evening from the apex 
to the bafe, remain in this ftate till morning, when they again 
expand. We were favoured with this very rare plant by 
MefTrs. Napier and Chandler, Nurferymen, in Wandfworth- 
Road. Flowers in May, and requires the fame treatment as the 
bulbous-rooted Geraniums. 

StiU^dtid Tub tyT.Curtu.J*Ga> Crefani An./ t /../'/ 



j&.>'«..iJ». sJs.JSt. s'-t. >J<...^..i'*..> ; <..*'< .i f «. jfe. >'^. >'*. y*. s& *!*. 

Tf? ^ VjV Vft JjV 7jV Vj* V,\ ^ V t V /(» Vj* /jV VjiT .,< V|TJ|i Vff 

C/<z/} #«</ Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cat. fimplex, 5-fidus. Sty I. 5-fidus. Cap/. 5-Iocularis, dif- 
fepimentis contrariis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

LAGUN^EA Paterfonia ; foliis ahernis fimplicibus integer- 

riinis ovatis i'ubtus cinereis, floribus villofis. 
HIBISCUS Patcrfonius. Bot. Repof. t. 286. 
LAGUNyEA fquamea. Jurd. de Malmaifon y t. 42. 

Desc. Stalk fhrubby, with a rough fpotted bark, ere£t, 
faid to grow twelve feet high : branches fliort, alternate, 
horizontal, like the trunk. Leaves ovate, quite entire, 
two or three inches long, dark green and dotted above, afh- 
coloured underneath, on very fhort footftalks, which bend 
downwards. Peduncle an inch and half long, thick, erect, 
from the axil of the petiole. Calyx perfiftem, inferior, fimple, 
cup-fhaped, border divided into five fegments. Corolla five- 
petal-like but united at the bafe and falling off in one piece, 
pale rofe- coloured ; petals flefhv, ovate, oblique, twifted, 
acute, freckled with minute hairv fcales on the inner-fide and 
villous on the outer: the villi lying one way extend beyond 
the petal on one fide, which makes it appear ciliated on that 
edge, and not on the other. Stamens monadelphous : filaments 
very many, united into a tube almoft the whole length, but free 
at the upper part, unequal in length : anthers yellow, roundifh. 
Crrmen ovate, fuperior, not filling the calyx, five-celled: (Hie 
ereft, longer than flamens : ftigma flefhy, peltate, obtulely 


This plant has been known in the few collections that pofTefs 
it by the name of Paterfonia ; it appears to correfpond with 
the character of Lagunaa, but agrees fo little in habit with 
the other known fpecies of this genus, that perhaps it may here- 
after be confidered as a diftinft genus. On this account, and not 
merely from the right of priority, we prefer retaining the tri- 
vial name we had previoufly fixed upon, to adopting that of 
Monf. Ventenat. 

The LagunjEa Paterfonia is a native of Norfolk-Ifhnd, 
from whence the feeds were brought to England by Colonel 

Our drawing was taken at MeflVs. Whitley and Brame's, 
Old-Brompton, in June 1801, when it flowered perhaps for 
the firft time in Europe. Requires to be kept in the ftove, 
at leaft in the Winter, but mould be allowed a free accefs 
of air in the Summer months. 



hi. EJwan/r ,/,■/ '. Tub. by TCwtbn SP Gee. Cre&ent Atia.i t,\/4 ?: 

C 77° ] 

Protea Cynaroides. Artichoke- 
Flowered Protea. 
♦»♦»♦♦♦♦♦♦»♦* -#- *-**# b 

C/<*/> a»^ Or*/pr. 

Tetrandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. 4-petala (petalis fubinde vario modo cohaerentibus.) 

Anthera infertae petalis infra apicem. Sem. 1, fuperum, nudum. 

Specif c Character and Synonyms. 
PROTEA cynaroides; foliis fubrotundis petiolatis g^bris. 

Thunb. Dtjf. 59. /W. 28. 
PROTEA cynaroides ; flonbus folitariis radio calycino lan- 
ceolato itricto, foliis fuborbiculatis petiolatis. 
Linn, Mant. 190. Reich. 1. p. 263. 
PROTEA cynaroides. Mant. 190. Bot. Repof. 288. 
LEUCADENDRON cynaroides. Spec. PL 135. 
LEUCADENDRON foliis fubrotundis patentiflimis petiolatis, 

foliolis calycinis carinatis. IVach. ult. 204. 
LEPIDOCARPODENDRON folio fubrotundo rigido, in 
pedunculo longo craflb, flore maximo purpureo. 
Boerb. Lugd. 2. 184. (/. 189. vero ad hanc nequa- 
quam pertinet. 

This is a very low fhrub, but in the fize of its flowers hardly 
yields to any. Few if any of the Proteas are remarkable for 
brilliancy of colouring, the beauty of the flowers arifing more 
from their curious ftrufture and the variety of their parts 
than from colour. 

We have feldom fo far deviated from our ufual plan as to 
give double plates, but for the lake of fuch a representation of 
fo magnificent a flower as the prefent we run no rifk of in- 
curring blame. We have only to regret that the very low 
price of the work will not admit of our giving the ufual number 
of figures. The expence and trouble of this number are fully 
equal to thqfe which contain eight ; and, were the labour of our 
artifts adequately rewarded, would be confiderably greater. 

Our drawing was taken from a very fine fpecimen which 
flowered laft Spring in the colle&ion of E. J. A. Woodford, 
Efq. at Vauxhall. Another is at this time coming into flower 
at Mr. Barr's, Ball's- Pond ( Iflington, which though of fmaller 
fize promifes a greater intenfity of colour, which is probably 
owing to the time of year admitting of a more free expoiure 
to air, a circumftance generally known to heighten the colour 
of flowers. Requires the protection of a greenhoule and the 
fame culture as the reft of the genus. 

SyJEJwardtJt!. Tub.byT.(urtis l J t (re < \Crcfxnt.Si'p. I./A'L FJ**&m jajp 

C in ] 

Mor^ea Ramosa. Branching Moraa. 

Clafs and Order* 

Triandria Monocynia. 

Generic Character. — Fid. N os - 593, 613, Sc 695. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

MORiEA ramofa (imberbis) caule ftri&o paniculato-ramofif- 
fimo, ramulis fafciculatis ; foliis lato-fubulatis, 
carinato-canaliculatis, margine ferrulato-fcabnda ; 
laminis uniformibus unguibus duplo longioribus ; 
fpatha germine et capiula parva. G. 

IRIS ramofa. Tbunb. Dijf. n. 24. prod. 12. Mart. Mill, Dicl. 

mud. sp.pi. 1.234. 

IRIS ramojijfima. Linn. Suppl. 99. 

The leaves of this very diftinct fpecles have not the caudate 
termination fo ufual in this genus, and are further anomalous 
in being acutely carinate-channelled with ferrulate margins. 
Root a Bulb-Tuber. Stem three feet high, round, upright, and 
very much branched, with fomething of a tree-like appearance, 
is as thick as the little finger at the bafe, and produces a pro- 
fufion of bloom in fucceflion, having however feldom more than 
two or three flowers open at one time ; the fmell of thefe refembles 
that of the Day-Lily (Hemerocai.lis jtaz) $ they are large, 
but the fpathes, germen, and capfule, are very fmall in pro- 
portion, which probably led Thunberg, who ever defcribes 
from dried fpecimens, to think that the flowers were fo like- 
wife, as when they are rolled up together with the germen 
they are not bigger than a pea; ftyle two or three times fhorter 
than the ungues, inner lip of the ftigmas equal to the fmaller 
laminae, upright, with acuminate fegments, which are fome- 
what remote ; inner lip fmall, bidentately notched, with re- 
curved teeth. — This is certainly one of the mod defirable of the 
genus, continuing to bloom for near a month. Never figured 
in any work known to us, and moft probably was introduced 
from the Cape for the firft time by Mr. Woodford, at whofe 
garden our drawing was taken the latter-end of laft May. 

Found by Thunberg at the Cape, on fandy fpots in the 
diftncl of Schwartland. G. 


o\j:£Jw*rM <Ll. Tub Irv T.i urtis , f*6 

C 772 ] 

Mor^a Tricuspis, var.y. Lutea. Yellow 
Trident-Petaled MOR-iEA. 

»*# % %% % % ifrj ♦ ♦ * * ♦ "♦ ,♦ * * 

Clafs and Order, 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characlei\—Vid. N os - 593, 613, 8c 695; 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

MOR/EA tricufpis p (barhata) glabra; caule fubramofo 5 
unguibus turbinatim convergentibus ; laminis ex- 
timis rotundato-ovatis, intimis perpufillis triden- 
tatim partitis ; filamentis unguibus 2 — 3-plo bre- 
vioribus, connatis. G. Vide fupra No. 6$6t ubi 
Jynonyma petenda. y. corollis luteis. 


Three varieties of Moria tricufpis, all very diftincT: in the 
colour of the flowers, but in other refpefts too nearly re- 
fembling each other to allow of their feparation, have been 
now figured in this work : (a) occurs at No. 696, (,3) at No. 
168, under the miftaken name of Iris Pavonia, and (y) is our 
prefent plant, which was imported from v the Cape by Georgs 
Hibbert, Efq. at whofe garden at Clapham our drawing was 
taken in June laft. 

^fZJEdrwJt ././ .^A />y T.i'iirhs S 1 ('-,'(> Cr, 


[ 773 ] 


# ♦ ♦ ft $$ ♦ ♦ # ♦ ♦ fr $♦♦$ £ sfs- 

C7j/} #»</ Order, 


Generic CharacJer. 

Cor. 6-partita. Stam. filamemis bafi latioribus fornicatis 
(Neclarium Linn.) germen tegentibus. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

ASPHODELUS luteus ; caulefoliofo, foliis triquetris ftriatis. 

Spec. Plant. 443. Wiltd. Sp. PL 2. p. 132. 

Blacktvell t. 233. Jacq. Hort. 1. p. 32. /. 77. 

#«/>£. Gr»/, 8. n. 9. A/ar/. A////. DU1. n. 1. 
ASPHODELUS caule foliofo, foliis angulatis, ftriatis, ftipulis 

maximis. Hall. Helv. n. 1206. 
ASPHODELUS luteus flore et radice. Baub. Pin. 28. 
ASPHODELUS fcemina. Cam. Epit. 372. 
ASPHODELUS luteus. Dodon. Coron. p. 142, 143. Dod. 

Pempt. 208. Rati Hijl. 1192. 
ASPHODELUS luteus minor five haftula regia. Park. Parad. 

p. 147. /. 149. /. 3. 
ASPHODELUS luteus major. IVetnm. Phyt. t. 185. 6. 

Of the three fpecies of Afphodel cultivated in our gardens 
the luteus is by far the moft common ; which is eafily ac- 
counted for, as it is perfectly hardy, will grow in any foil, and 
multiplies greatly by offsets, by which it fpreads fo much as to 
require frequent reducing. Its flowering Items, covered with 
three-cornered ftriated leaves fancifully curling round it, rife 
to the height of two or three feet, terminated with a fpike of 
flowers, a foot or more in length. Corolla nearly fix-petaled, 
the ungues only being united together : petals yellow with a 
green ftripe, fomewhat irregular, four of them growing croffwife 
and two inferted between the three uppermoft, thus leaving the 
lowermoft petal {landing alone. Stamens and ftyle affurgent, 
three of the filaments much fhorter than the others. Seed-veffel 
globular. Seeds angular. Flowers from May to the end of July. 

The yellow fucculent roots, the ftems, and the feeds, we learn 
from Haller, who derives his information from Suidas and 
Baptist Porta, are all convertible into bread, but we do not 
find that any other author has noticed the edible nature of this 
plant. It is a native of Sicily ; was cultivated here by Ger a ro 
in 1596. 


ii 4 

] -'J EJwj.rl- id Tub by 'J 

C 774 ] 

Allium Ciliatum. Hairy-Leaved 


4+ *$ » »■» fr ft * ♦ * ♦ *$*% 

Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. 6-partita, patens. Spatha multiflora ; Umbella congefta. 
Cap/, fupera. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

ALLIUM ciliatum f caule tereti inferne foliofo, foliis carinatis 
ciliatis, umbella laxa, ftaminibus fimplicibus co- 
rolla brevioribus. 

This fpecies of Allium, whichdoes not appear to have been 
hitherto defcribed, is a native of the Cape of Good Hope, 
from whence it was imported by George Hibbert, Efq. in 
whofe fuperb colle&ion at Clapham it is at prefent only to be 

Flowers in May ; fcentlefs. 


uz.Ku r Js.u. Tub. hyTfurtis S*G&. OtfientSep. tm 

[ 775 ] 
Knowltonia Vesicatoria. Blistering 



Clafs and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-phyIlus. Petala 5 aut plura, ungue nudo. Germinart- 
ceptaculo globofo impofita. ifocc^plurimae l-fpermae. Vent. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

KNOWLTONIA veficatoria f foliis biternatis : foliolis ovali- 

bus ferratis glabris, umbella fubfimplici 

pauciflora, pctalis linearibus. 
ADONIS veficatoria^ foliis biternatis: foliolis ferratis glabris 

floribus decapetalis. Linn Suppl. PL 272. 

Hort. Kcw. 2. p. 264. Mart. Mill. Dicl. 

a. 6. 
ANAMENIA laferpitiifolia ; foliolis fubcordatis rigidis gla- 

briufculis : lateralibus bafi oblique trim- 

catis, umbella fubfimplici pauciflora. Vent. 

Hort. Malmaif. n. 22. in textu. 
IMPERATORIA Ranunculoides Africana enneaphyllos La- 

ferpitii lobatis foliis rigidis margine fpinofis. 

Pluk. Aim. 198. Phyt. t. 95./. 2. 
ASTRANTIA Africana Laferpitii foliis latioribus rigidis et 

fpinofis. Mori/. Hiji. 3. p. 279. 

M. Ventenat, a celebrated French Botanift, has very 
properly feparated the fpecies of Cape Adonis from the others, 
forming them into a diftin£l genus ; but as this was done before, 
by R. A. Salisbury, Efq. in the Prodromus of Plants grow- 
ing in his garden at Chapel Allerton, publifhed in 1796, we 
retain the name of Knowltonia, given by him, in comme- 
moration of Mr. Knowlton, an ingenious and fuccefsful 


cultivator, a contemporary of Mr. Philip Miller, who for- 
merly had the management of Dr. Sherard's celebrated 
garden at Eltham ; both as having the right of priority and 
being preferable to An am en i a, a word formed from the 
Arabic Anahaman y fignifying an Adonis or Anemony. 

Mr. Salisbury doubts whether this be really a diftin£t 
fpecies from capenjis, from which it feems to differ chiefly in 
bearing an umbel of much fewer flowers and in the narrow- 
nefs of the petals. M. Ventenat has given an excellent 
figure of the latter, under the name of A n am en i a coriacea. 
As all the fpecies are from the Cape, capenfis is undoubtedly an 
improper name, but we think ought neverthelefs to be retained, 
for we confider it as a rule, rarely to be deviated from, that 
where it may become neceffary to change the genus, the fpecific 
name before in ufe (hould ftill be preferved. 

All the fpecies of this genus are very acrid plants, and this 
is faid to be ufed by the inhabitants of the Cape, in the room 
of Cantharides, to blifter the fkin. Is a hardy greenhoufe 
plant, requiring the fame treatment as Atragene capenfis. 
Cultivated in the royal garden at Hampton-Court, in 1691, as 
we are told both by Morison and Plukenet. 

Our drawing was taken at Meffrs. Grimwood and Wykes, 
Kenfington, in April laft, from an old plant, purchafed out of 
the colle&ion of the late Dr. Fothergill at Upton* 


f,h,rj ,u Vuify TOurtuJi& 

r 776 1 

Xeranthemum Variegatum. Brown- 
Tipped Xeranthemum. 

fr *$$♦♦♦*$♦ frit ft frfrfr* # #>♦% %; 

Oafs and Order. 
Syncenesia Polycamia Superflua. 

Generic Char after. 

Receptaculum paleaceum. Pappus fetaceus. Cal. imbricatus, 
radiatus : radio colorato. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

XERANTHEMUM variegatum ; floribus folitariis nutanti- 
bus, fquamis calycinis obtufis maculatis. 
Syji. Veg. ed. 13. 625. ed. Murr. 750. 
Reich. 6 p. Pi. 3. 766. 

XERANTHEMUM variegatum. Bot. Repof. 384. 

XERANTHEMUM africanum, gnaphalii foliis tomentofis, 
foliis et Iquamorum fummitatibus ferru- 
gineis. Raii Suppl. 181. 

Xeranthemum variegatum appears to be very fubjeft to 
vary in the fize and colour of its flowers, being fometimes 
nearly white, but the coloured tips of the fcales of the calyx 
feem to be conftant in all. This colour is always ferrugineous 
but fometimes mixed more or lefs with purple or red ; the mar- 
gins and tips of the leaves likewife partake of the fame colour. 

Of all the varieties that we have feen, the one here figured 
is by far the moft fplendid : it flowered in May laft at Mr. 
Salisbury's, at the Botanic Garden, Brompton; thedifcof the 
flower, at a particular period of its blooming, fhewing three 
diftinft circles of different and highly contrafted colours; the 
outer circle, confiding of the fully expanded florets which fhew 
their yellow infides, is of a golden hue; the next, compofed of 


florets not yet opened and fliew ( ing their dark outfides, iiof a black 
purple, whilft the centre is white from the young florets re- 
maining as yet hidden below the pappus. The P*alk is foroe- 
what twilled, which gives the leaves a i'piral turn around it; 
this is more efpecially obfervable before the plant comes into 
flower; and we fufpeQ that Xeranthemum fpirale is a mere 
variety of thisfpecies. 

Is a native of the Cape of Good Hope, and the fhelter of 
the greenhoufe is neceffary to preferve it from froft ; but 
with moft of its congeners it requires an airy fituation» or is 
in danger of being deftroyed by damps. 



Tuh by Tturhs 

ni X-p l isr/ JfS* 

[ 111 ] 

Epidendrum Undulatum. Spread-Eagle 

Oafs and Order. 
Gynandria Diandria. 

Generic Character. 
Neftarium turbinatum, obliquum, reflexum. 

Specific Character and Synonyms, 

EPIDENDRUM undulatum ; Foliis ellipticis acutis, fcapo 
farmentofo ramofiffimo petalis ovatis ungui- 
culatis obtufis, labio dilatato emarginato 
undulato. Swartz Prod. 122. 

EPIDENDRUM carihagenenfe. Jacq. Amer.228. /. 133./ 4.? 

§ATYR IUM 15. Brown Jam. 326. 

VISCUM radice bulbofa majus et elatius Delphinii flore fer- 
rugineo et guttato. Sloan. Hift, 1. 250. /. 
148./. 1. 

HELLEBORINE maculofa, foliis aloes carinatis. Plum. Icon, 
178./ 2. 

It is from that inexhauftible fource of curious plants, Mr. 
Woodford's garden at Vauxhall, that we ate enabled to give 
a figure of this very rare fpecies of Epidendrum, faid to 
be the largeft of the whole genus, growing fometimes, accord- 
ing to Sir Hans Sloan f, to the length of fix feet, and pro- 
ducing a multitude of flowers, which Brown, in his Hiftory 
of Jamaica, not unaptly compares to patches of Dutch chintz. 
The colours are doubtlefs much more vivid when growing in 
the open air, than when confined in the ftove, where all thefe 
plants muft neceffarily be in this northern climate. 


It is doubtful whether J acq u i n *s Ep i d e n d r u m carthagenenfe 
belong to this fpecies or not, otherwife his name would have 
been retained. 

We have no doubt but that the fynonym of Sloan e is pro- 
perly placed here, as is done by Swartz, though applied 
by Jacquin to his altijjimum t which refembles in many refpefts 
our plant, but is fufficiently diftinct, as we are fatisfied from a 
careful comparifon of our drawing with Jacquin's original 
fpecimen in the Bankfian Herbarium. 

It flowered in May laft, as we fuppofe, for the firft time in 
this country, throwing up a branched fcape about two feet 
in length. Is a native of the Weft-Indies, and mud be kept 
conftantly in the ftove. 


SyJ I/want, Ml Tub W TCurh 

C 778 1 

Pyrola Umbellata. Umbelled Winter- 

C/^/} #»i Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. 5-partitus. Petala 5. Gzg/1 5-locularis, angulis de- 

Specific Character and Synonyms, 

PYROLA umbellata; pedunculis fubumbellatis. Linn. Flor, 
Suec. 333, 363. Spec. Plant. 567. Willd. 2. 622. 
Hort. Kew. 274. Reich. 2. 300. Gmel. Sib. 4. 
p. 129. w. 18. Pollich. Pal. n. 398. Svenjk Bo- 
tanik, t. 27. ifr/z Obf.fqfc. 1. p. 17. Michaux Ft. 
Bor. Ant. 1. />. 251. 

PYROLA frutefcens arbuti folio. Bauh. Pin. 191. 

PYROLA 3-fruticans, Cluf. Pan. 507. RaiiHiJl. 1234, 

Pyrola umbellata, although widely diffufed through the 
northern parts of Europe, Afia, and America, is not a 
native of Great-Britain. Michaux remarks, that this fpecies, 
with maculata t may perhaps conftitute a new genus differing 
from the others in habit, in having a feffile undivided ftigma 
and fhort beaked anthers with a fubbi valve foramen. Ret- 
zius long ago obferved the diverfity of the ftigma, which is 
different in almoft every fpecies, and the anthers of all we 
believe have two openings at the bafe as in this : thefe open- 
ings however, though at the bafe of the anther when the flower 
firft begins to expand, become afterwards the upper part, the 
pofition of the anther being reverfed by the filament becoming 


This fpecies is the moft beautiful of all the genus ; flowefs 
in June, and continues a long time in bloom. Requires to be 
kept in bog-earth, to be frequently watered, and flieltered 
from the mid-day fun. 

Our drawing was taken from a fine plant fent us by Mr. 
Loddiges, of Hackney, who raifed it from feeds from North- 
America. In its native fituations in Europe it rarely produces 
fo many as five (lowers in an umbel. Firft introduced to the 
Kew Garden by Mr. John Bartram, in 1762. 

VOH h 


[ 779 3 

Spar axis Grandiflora, Streaked- 
Flowered Sparaxis. 

■ $ 4^#Mfr# ♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦!#$♦ ' 

Oafs and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia, • 

Generic Character. 

Spalha 2-valvis grandior, fcariofo-membranacea, ora fpha- 
celato-lacera. Cor. pars inferior infundibuliformi-tubulofa ; 
limbus vel regularis vel pene aequalis, aut irregularis itidemque 
inaequalis. St am. re&a atque inclinata, rarius adfcendentia. 
Stigmata 3, recurvo-patentia, antheras excedentia. Cap/. 
oblongo-romnda, nodulofa. ,' Sem. plurima globofa. G. 

Obs. Bulho-tuber ovatum cum acumine, obteflum tunicls e reticulis 
fericeo-jibrojis. Caulis fere J'empcr ad folia axillariter bulbifer. Folia 6 — io, 
enjiforrnia, finis tenuibus crebris celata. Flores majufculi, remotiores, ' 'in- 
quam contigui atque numeroji. Spatba fepius tubi longiludinc vel ultra. 
Limbus tnodo fiellato-explanatus, modo deorfum connivens, modo bilabial us 
lacinia fuprema galeatim ere£la ; hie vero organa adfeendunt, cum aliter 
incVment et divergant. Spatha generi dat charaEterem nomenque. G. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

SPARAXIS grandiflora; foliis fubtiliter ftriatis ; fpathis arif- 
tato laceris; tubo brevi : laciniis ftellato-patenti- 
bus oblongo-cuneatis, apice rotundatis j itami- 
nibus lateralibus. G. 
a. floribus purpureis. 
IXIA grandiflora. Bot. Mag. 541. Ubi fynonyma petenda. 

(3. caule altiore floribus extus itriatis, intus flavefcentibus baft 

This beautiful variety of Sparaxis grandiflora was im- 
ported from the Cape by Mr. Salisbury, of the Botanic 


Garden, Brompton, where our drawing was taken. Flowers 
early in the fpring, and requires the fame treatment as the 
other Cape bulbs. 

Sparaxidis fpecies adhuc obfervatce funt 

anemoniflora. Jacq. Ic. rar. 2. t. 273. (Ixia.) 
fragrans. Jacq. Ic. rar. 2. t. 274. (Ixia.) 
tricolor. Bot. Mag. t. 381. (Ixia.) 
galeata. Jacq. Ic. rar. 2. /. 258. (Gladiolus.) 
bicolor. Bot. Mag. t. 548. (Ixia.) 
grandiflora. Bot. Mag. t. 541. (Ixia.) 
bulbifera. Bot. Mag. 545. (Ixia.) 
fimbriata. La Marck Encyc. 3. 337. (Ixia.) 
lacera. Herb. Bank/. (Ixia.) Vide Bot. Mag. No, 548, et 
Annals of Bot any t v. 1. p. 227. 


SJJc&arJ? M -Pub by T.Cltrte. iT'Oa ■ Cn / 

C 780 ] 

Sarracenia Flava. Yellow Side-Saddle 


Oafs and Order, 


Generic Character. 

Cor. 5-petala. C'al. duplex 3-phyllus et 5-phyllus. Cap/. 5- 
locularis, ftylo Itigrnate clypeato. 

Specific Characlcr and Synonyms, 

SARRACENIA flava ,- foliis ftri&is fcapo longioribus ; ap- 

pendice ovato-acuminato erecto. 
SARRACENIA Java s foliis ftriBis. Sp. PL 729. Reichard 

a. 577. Hort. Kew. 2. 225. Mart. Mill. 

Dicr. 1. Hort, Cliff. 497. Gran. Virg. 164. 
SARRACENIA flava foliis ereftis tubulatis, valva collo con- 

traBo, apice plana erefta. Walt. Carol. 153. 

Willi. Sp. PI. 2. 1150. 
SARRACENIA flava s foliis ftriftis longiflimeinfundibulatis ; 

fauce patula ; ala ventrali fubnulla : appen- 

dice erefta, bafi coarflaia, ima parte lateri- 

bus retroflexis ; mucrone fubulato. Michaux 

Fl. Bor. Am. 1. p. 310. 
SARRACENA foliis longioribus et anguftioribus. CateJb.Car. 

2. p. 69. /. 69. ? 
COILOPHYLLUM virginianum, longiore folio ereclo, flore 

luteo. Mr:rif. [lift. 3. p. 533. 
BUCANEPHYLLUM elatius virginianum. Pluh. Aim. 72. 

Amalth. 46. /. 152, /. 3. et t. 376. f. 5. 
THURIS limpidi folium. Bmk. Hfl. 1. p. 307. Dalech. Hifl. 

1754. Lob. adv. 430. 

The lingular ftru&ure both of the flower and the leaves of 
this plant has long made it an obje£t of curiofity, but the dif- 
ficulty of cultivation continues to render it ftill a rarity in this 


country, though a common inhabitant of the fwamps in North- 
America from Carolina to Florida. The Angularity of the 
flower confifts principally in the ftigma, which is fpread over 
the parts of fructification like an umbrella. Between the angles 
of this umbrella the flaccid petals hang down fomewhat in the 
manner as a woman's leg hangs over the pummel of the fide- 
faddle, which we fuppofe was the origin of the name given it 
by the firfi Englifh fettlers. 

The leaves being hollow tubes capable of holding water, 

LinnjEUs ingenioufly confidered this curious conformation 

as a metamorphofis of the leaves of a Nymphaea into a 

form fit for receiving and retaining rain water. And we are 

told that " the hollow parts of the leaves have always water 

** {landing in them, and the top or ear is fuppofed, in hot dry 

*' weather, to fhrink, and fall over the mouth of the tube, and 

" ferve as a lid to prevent the exhalation of the water. In 

•* great droughts birds and other animals repair to thefe 

" plants." There would be more probability in this hy- 

pothefis if thefe plants were found growing in dry places, 

but they will not live except in wet fituations, where the roots 

can readily find water without the aid of thefe fuppofed re- 

fervoirs. In the cultivated plant we rarely find any water in 

the leaves ; nor does it appear that the appendix at the end in 

this fpecies ever clofes upon the opening, fo that the real pur- 

pofe of this curious conftruttion is probably not yet difcovered. 

In fome of the fpecies a great number of infe&s find a prifon, 

from which it feems they cannot eafily extricate themfelves, but 

what purpofe the death of thefe can ferve in the economy of this 

plant, or in any other of the fly-traps, is as yet totally unknown. 

Miller recommends the pots to be kept conftantly in 
water, and only protected from froft by a glafs-frame in the 
winter ; but we more ufually fee them kept in an airy part 
of the ftove. In a manufcript journal of the late Mr. Thomas 
Collin son, he remarks having feen the Sarracenia (but 
whether the yellow or purple is not noted) flowering in the 
open air in the greatell perfection he ever faw, in the wet rock- 
work at the Duke of Athol's at Dunkeld. 

The figure in Catesby's Natural Hiftory of Carolina differs 
fo materially from our plant, efpecially in the fhape of the ap- 
pendage of the leaves, as to lead to a fufpicion that it belongs to 
a different fpecies. 

Our drawing was taken at Mr. Fraser's, Sloane-Squarc. 

W- by T.Curhly. &&»: Irtfcmt 0et /. 

W4- J 

[ 78i ] 

Lonicera Sempervirens. Great Trumpet 


Clafs and Order. 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. monopetala irregularis. Bacca polyfperma 2-IocuIaris 
infera. [Caprifolium J u ff-~\ 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

LONICERA fempervirens ; fpicis fubnudis terminalibus, foliis 

oblongis : fummis connato-perfoliatis, corollis 

fubaequalibus : tubo fuperne venrricofo. Hort. 

Kew. 1. p. 230. et major ; foliis fubrotundis. 
LONICERA fempervirens. Sp.Pi.24y. Reich. 1.480. Willd. 

1.983. Fabric. Helwjl. 398. Dtt 

Rot Harpk. 1. p. 337. Hort. Angl. t. 7. Kniph. ' 

Cent. 3. n. 59. Knorr. Delic. 1. /. 53. Mart. 

Mill. DUt. «. 3. 
PERICLYMENUM perforatum virginianum fempervirens et 

florens. Herm. Lugd. 484. /. 485. Rait HJI. 

PERICLYMENUM virginianum. Riv.Mon. 116. 
PERICLYMENUxM fempervirens floribus fpeciofis coccineis. 

Clayt. n. 705. 
PERICLYMENUM five Caprifolium floribus rubellis. Weimn. 

Phyt. t. 802. 
CAPRIFOLIUM fempervirens; fpicae vcrticillis diflantibus: 

corolla fubregulari, rutilo-coccinea. Michaux 

Flor. Bor. Am. 1. 105. 

Millkr enumerates two varieties ; the prefent plant, which 
he fays is a native of Virginia, and a fmaller and much 
tenderer fort, native of Carolina, The latter rarely if ever 
occurs in our gardens at the prefent time j but the former is 


not uncommon, and if planted in a warm fheltered fituation, 
and trained up a wall, paling, or lattice, is a very rable plant 
both for its foliage and flowers, which latter are produced in 
June and continue in fucceffion till the autumn. 

It has not however the pleafing fcent of the other Honey- 
fuckles, from which it differs in having nearly a regular 
corolla, except that one of the fegments is a little feparated 
from the reft by being more bent back. 

Propagated by laying down the young branches, which readily 
take root. Cultivated by Mr, John Tradescant, Jun, 
in i6§6. 


Tub by T Curtis, 

C 782 ] 

Campanula Capensis. Cape Campanula. 

Clajs and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia, 

Generic Character. 

Cor. campanulata, fundo claufo valvis ftaminiferis. Stigma 3- 
fidum [fubinde 5-fidum.J Cap/, infera, poris lateralibus de- 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

CAMPANULA capenjis ; foliis lanceolatis dentatis pedun- 
culifque longiffimis hirtis, capfulis fubde- 
cangularibus hifpidis apice conico quinque- 
valvi dehifcentibus. 

CAMPANULA capenjis foliis lanceolatis dentatis hifpidis, 
pedunculis longiffimis, capfulis flrigofis. 
Sp. PI. 240. 

CAMPANULA capenjis; foliis lanceolatis dentato-undatis 
hirtis, floribus folitariis terminalibus, caly- 
cibus hifpidis. Thunb. Prod. 39. 

CAMPANULA africana annua hirfuta, latis ferraiifquc foliis, 
{lore magno violaceo. Comm. Hort. 2. />. 69- 


Descr. Root annual. Stalk hairy, branched. Leaves 
ovate-lanceolate, toothed, waved, hairy on both fides, oppo- 
fite on the lower parts, but without order upwards. Peduncles 
often a foot long, hairy : hairs moltly pointing downwards, one- 
flowered. Calyx connate with the germen very hifpid at the 
bafe, border five-cleft : fegments linear-lanceolate, quite entire, 
fpreading, without reflexed finufes. Corolla nodding, one- 
petaled, funnel-fhaped, tube very fhort, hairy within ; limb 
five-clefr, fegments ovate, acute, whitifh on the outfide, lively 
blue within ; finufes circular, fo that when viewed in front 


the flower appears to have five round openings at the margin 
of the tube. Neftaryhve. roundifh membranous ciliated fcales, 
to the points of which the filaments are attached. Stamens five, 
of very fhort duration, filaments thread-like, anthers linear, 
pollen verdigrife-green. Ovary five-celled ; ilyle erect, 
ftigma five-cleft: fegments petal-like, ovate, patent, deep blue, 
hifpid underneath. Capfule erecl, hifpid, obfoSetely ten-angled, 
inferior, crowned with the perfiftent fegments of the calyx, 
above which the capfule riles in a conical form confiding of 
five lanceolate valves, which feparate, when the feed is ripe, 
down to the calyx. Thus the feed is difcharged at the apex 
of the capfule, and not, as ufual in the genus Campanula, by 
lateral pores. Seeds, flat, mining, many. 

The different conftruclion of the organs of fructification 
in this plant, perhaps may be thought l'ufficient to feparate 
it from the genus Campanula ; but as there can be no doubt 
of its being the fame as that figured by Commelin, and re- 
ferred to by LinnvEus, we leave it as we found it. 

It frequently happens that the ftamens in this genus are of 
very tranfient duration ; this is fo remarkably the cafe in this 
fpccies, that if not examined before or immediately after the 
opening of the flower, they will not be found; and the under 
furface of the ftigma being at this time loaded with pollen, 
may very eafily be taken for five anthers attached to the ftigma. 
And we were actually deceived by this appearance, in the 
firft fpecimen we examined, which had but one flower, in 
which there was no other fign of filament or anther. The 
flowers vary confiderably in lize, and under fome circumftances 
are never expanded, but ripe feed will neverthelefs be pro- 

We were favoured with fpecimens of this plant from MefTrs. 
Napier and Chandler, Wandfworth-Road, who raifed it 
both laft year and the prefent from feeds imported from the 

„/ //./., 

Ci\' Crefcent I'd- 

t 783 1 

Philydrum Lanuginosum. Woolly 

■ i ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦#,♦.#). ♦ > ft ♦ ft ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 

C/tf/i and Order, 


Generic Character. 

Spatha 1 -flora. Cal. o. Cor. 4-petala irregularis. Capfula 
3-locularis polyfperma. {Norn. Bankf. a piAuty©- aquae amans.) 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

PHILYDRUM lanuginofum. Willd. Sp. PI. 17. 

PHILYDRUM. G<ert. Sent. 1. p. 62. /. 16./. 10. 

GARCIANA cochinchinenfis ; foliis equitantibus, fpica ter- 
minals Loureiro Flor. Coch. p. 15. Id. edit. 
Willd. p. 20. 

Descr. Leaves fword-fhaped, equitant, one or two feet 
long, ftriated, acute. Stalk woolly, four feet high, branched 
upwards with a leaf-like Item -em bracing involucrum at each 
divifion. Flowers fefiile in long fpikes, each fupported by an 
ovate long-acuminate woolly brade, re Hefted, when the tlower 
is fully expanded. Corolla four-petaled : two petals external, 
large, ovate, crenulate, bilabiateiy arranged : two internal, 
minute, three-toothed. Filament one, inferted into the bafc of 
the upper petal, thickeft at the lower end. Anther double, 
yellow. Ovary ovate : ftyle fhort, oblique ; fligma globular. 
Capfule covered with the enlarged braBe and decayed corolla, 
ovate, woolly, three-celled, three valved : valves contrary to 
the diffepiment. Seeds many, very minute, oval, crowned 
with a fort of cap-like appendix. 


This is certainly not a plant of much beauty, but will re- 
commend itfelf to the Botanift by the very fingular conftruc- 
tion of its flowers. It is truly, as the name imports, a lover 
of water, and will not thrive at all unlefs the pot containing 
it is plunged deep in water; but fo treated and kept in an airy 
part of die ftove, it grew to a very great fize and produced 
plenty of ripe feeds, at Mr. Woodford's at Vauxhall, where 
our drawing was taken in June laft. 

It is a native of New-Holland, of China, and Cochinchina, 
and from the latter place fpecimens were fent into Europe by 
Loureiro in the year 1774. 


Tub. h Kurds, ■ i'lrr, • ( >.-/ , W04 y '■ \ 

C 784 ] 

Ophioxylum Serpentinum. Three- 
Leaved Ophioxylum. 

C/rf/} and Order. 


Generic Char a tier. 

Hermaph. Cal. 5-fidus. Cor. 5-fida infundibuliformis. 
St am. 5. P//?. 1. 

Masc. Cal. 2-fidus. Cor. 5-fida infundibuliformis, ore nec- 
tario cylindrico. Stain. 2. 

Specific Cbaracler and Synonyms. 

OPHIOXYLUM fcrpentinum. Sp. PI. 1478. Reich. 4. 329. 

Flor. Zeylan. 329. M#/. A/f^. 219. 
OPHIOXYLUM irifoliatum. Cert. Sem. 2. p. 129. /. 10$. 
LIGUSTRUM foliis ad fingula genicula ternis. Burm. Zeyl. 

141. /. 64. 
Clematis indicaperlkae foliis, fructupericlymeni. Bauh.Pin.%o±. 
Radix muftelje. Rumph. Amb. 7. p. 26. t. 16. 
Tsjovanna. Rheed. Malab. 6. p. 87. /. 7. 

A 7 !?/*. Gartner confiders that of Rumph. t. 16. as a diftincl fpecies. 

Desc. Stalk fhrubby, ere&, with afh-coloured bark: 
branches ftraight, warty. Leaves ternate, lanceolate-ovate, 
Recurrent down the footftalk, quite entire, veined, pale under- 
neath. Flowers terminal, aggregate, flefh-coloured. Peduncles 
ihort, coloured. Calyx fmall, five-cleft, erecl, conniving, 
perfiftent. Corolla tubular : tube very long, red, fwoln in the 
middle: limb white, five-cleft, contort: fegments obtufe, 

cupped : 

cupped : faux hairy. Stamens five, concealed in the fwoln 
part of the tube ; filaments very fhort ; anthers acute, erecl:, 
yellow. Ovary marked with five lines, two-celled : Ovula 
folitary. Style half the length of the tube. Stigma curioufly 
urn-fhaped, or like an egg crowned with a fringed border and 
having a fort of fringed curtain round the lower part. 

This is the defcription of the hermaphrodite flower, nor 
could we find any male flowers in the feveral fpecimens we 
examined. Fruit we have not feen. The whole plant abounds 
with a milky juice. 

Rumphius remarks, that there is a variety with fcarlet 
flowers, the root of which is lefs bitter. 

The Ophioxy lu m ferpentinum is fuppofed to produce the 
Lignum Colubrinum, a medicine formerly of great cele- 
brity in the Eaft for the cure of the bite of venomous ferpents 
and of malignant difeafes. 

Our drawing was taken from a plant fent us by Mr. Lod- 
Diges of Hackney. It is a native of the Eaft-Indies, requires 
the heat of the bark ftove, but does not like fun. In a hot 
fun in the open air it becomes flaccid and appears as if dead, 
but is reftored to vigour by the cool of the evening. Rum- 
phius has made the fame obfervation in its native foil. 

,iyj E,t»urM dd Tuh h. TCurbu. J?Gto Crefat 

[ 785 3 

DionjEA Muscipula. Venus's Fly-Trap. 

_»«. «V ,»v 4* jfr .ah. Hit 4* nfr ^i*** A A iilf f il* ♦ Ai 
■Vj» - »£ Vf> •v l v<jj- , vji" »,v 'S5*"Vjr , v,'»-<j» -s^ *£ «j» *j\ /> *j» vjs" 

C/iz/i tftfi Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cat. 5-phyllus. Petala 5. Caff, unilocularis polyfperma. 
«SVw. obovata in receptaculo favofo partim immerfa. 

Specific Char at! er and Synonyms. 

DION^EA MufcipuJa. Willd. Sp. PL 2. 574. Hort. Kew, 2. 
63. Syji. Vegetab. 402. Reich. 2. 281. Shaw Mifc. 
t. 40. Mar/. Mi/I. £>/#. £//« /tf#. Up/. Nov. 1. 
98. /. 8. Ejufd. Monog. fig. et defcrip. Ventenat 
Hort. Malmaijon^ 29. Curtis s Leclures t t. 1. 

Desc. Root perennial. Leaves all radical, fupported on 
long winged flefhy and ftrongly veined footfialks, the wings 
widen upwards and terminate a little fhort of the end of the 
footftalk, leaving a fmall portion of this next the leaf naked: 
the leaf itfelf confifts of two femioval lobes jointed at the back, 
fo as to allow them to fold clofe together, flefhy, -and when 
viewed through a lens, glandular ; fometimes but not always 
of a reddifh colour on the upper furface ; the fides of both 
lobes but not the ends are furniflied with a row of cartilaginous 
ciliae, which ftand nearly at right angles with the furface of 
the leaf, and lock into each other when the lobes dofe. In 
about the middle of each lobe are three very fmall fpines or 
bridles. Thefe fmall fpines are mentioned and figured by 
Ellis, and fuppofed by him to affift in destroying the entrap- 
ped animal ; but that they are the only irritable points, and 
that any other part of the leaf may be touched with impunity, 
was difcovered by our draughtfman, Mr, Edwards, feveral 
years ago, when taking a iketch of the plant flowering at Mr. 
I.iptrap's, Mile-End, and has been fince repeatedly confirmed. 
The fame obfervation was made, without knowing it had been 
jircyipufly noticed, by our friend Mr. Charles K-onig, 


In warm weather the lobes are fully expanded, and at this 
time particularly are highly irritable, and if a fly or other in- 
fe£t light upon them they fuddenly clofe together, and the 
poor animal is entrapped. The fcape rifes in the centre of the 
leaves, is round, from fix inches to a foot and half high, bear- 
ing at the top a corymb of flowers on long peduncles, under 
each of which is an ovate acuminate bract e. Calyx perfiftent, 
of five lanceolate leaves. Corolla five-petaled, white, flreaked : 
petals oblong-obcordate, fomewhat puckered at the tip, do not 
fall off but roll up from the point to the bafe and remain. 
Stamens about twenty, never fo few as ten : filaments not half 
the length of the petal, infertcd into the edge of the recep- 
tacle. Germcn fuperior, hemifpherical : ftyle ere6l, fhorter 
than the filaments j ftigma globular, hollowed, hairy. Capfule 
one-celled, flat at the top. Seeds black, fhining, obovate, 
very acute at the lower end, half buried in the cavities of 
the honeycombed receptacle. 

Great numbers of this very fingular plant have been culti- 
vated both this and the latt year by Mr. Salisbury, at the 
Botanic Garden, .Brompton, where our drawing was taken. 
Many of thefe have flowered and produced ripe feeds in an 
airy ftove. They fhould be planted in bog earth mixed with 
white fand, and the pot kept in a pan of water. 

The plant may be kept very well in a window of a room 
that has a warm afpeft if covered with a glafs cylinder open at 
top, and has been known to flourifh better with this treatment 
than when nurfed in a ftove. 

Introduced to the Kew Garden by Mr. William Youn*g» 
in 1768. 


MEJy. ,-./ ,1,1 Tub b t T.< urbLs 

[ 786 ] 

Stapelia Verrucosa. Warty-Flowered 


j!* jSa.j& .j|t..jfe. >'« j!i.A.jJt.jt''!...sbLjfi.~!?'!~!lk.j!s. 
•^j»Tjs »jt vj«. "vj* vj» t>^ *j» «t» »j\ '«jf /j> ?jr^>r vjr 

C/tf/} dt«^ Order. 
Pentandria Digynia. 

Generic Cbaracler, 
Contorta. Ne&arium duplici ftellula tegente genitalia. 

Specific Cbaracler and Synonyms. 

STAPELIA verrucqfa; ramis pluribus fubere&is, dentibus 
ramorum acutis decuffatis, corolla plana verru- 
cofa, medio parum elevata in pentagonum, 
genitalia ambiens, fcabrum. Maffon Stap. p, 
11. n. 8. /. 8. 

STAPELIA verrucqfa. Willd. Sp. PI. i. 1291. 

Desc. Branches aflurgent; teeth diftant, horizontal. Pe- 
duncles near the bafe of the branch, fometimes from the fork 
of the divifion either folitary or two together ; fometimes longer 
than the flower, at others fhorter. Corolla fubcampanulate, 
five-cleft halfway : laciniae acute, revolute at the point, yellow, 
fpotted with dark purple : bottom concave : margin (lightly 
raifed into an obtufely pentagonal ring; organs of fructification 
raited on a fhort thick fpotted column ; under ftar erecr., 
laciniae emarginate ; upper ftar five yellow oval bodies. 

This fpecies of Stapelia does not exactly correfpond with 
the verrucqfa of Masson, but fo nearly agrees in the moft 
material points that we do not hefitate in confidering it as 
the fame. The colour in the branches is accidental and ap- 
pears to be owing to keeping the plant very dry. 

Our drawing was taken at Meffrs. Whitly and Brame's, 
Old Brompton, the description from a plant fent us by Joseph 
Walker, Efq. who has a very copious collection of Stapelias, 
among other rare plants, in his extenfive collection at Stock- 


In which the Latin Names of 
the Plants contained in the 

Twentieth Volume are alphabe- 
tically arranged. 


774 Allium ciliatum. 

756 Aloe arachnoides. 

757 — = — humilis. 

765 maculata. 

743 Androface villofa. 
773 Afphodelus luteus. 

782 Campanula capenfis. 

762 Dahlia coccinea. 

785 Dionaea mufcipula. 

777 Epidendrum undulatum. 

751 Ferraria antherofa. 

754 Galax aphylla. 

747 Helonias bullata. 

748 afphodeloides. 

742 Indigofera cytifoides. 

752 Ipomssa bona nox. 

775 Knoukonia veficatoria. 

745 Lachenalia purpurocasrulea. 

766 uni folia. 

769 Lagunata Paterfonia. 
741 Lobelia gracilis. 

78 1 Lonicera fempervirens. 

767 Melanthium uniflorum. 
750 Moraa papilionacea. 
759 crifpa. 

jjz _ tricufpis, <uar.y. lutea. 

771 ramofa. 

784 Ophioxylum ferpentinum. 

768 Othonna pinnata. 

761 Pelargonium incrafiatum. 

755 Pergularia minor. 
760 Perfoonia linearis. 

783 Philydrum lanuginofum. 

753 Podalyria biflora. 

770 Protea cynaroides. 

778 Pyrola umbellata. 
780 Sarracenia flava. 

746 Scilla bifolia. 

749 peruviana. 

779 Sparaxis grandiflora, i'ar.@. 

786 Stapelia verrncofa. 
740 Tagetes lucida. 

744 Tritoma media. 

764 pumila. 

y-8 — Uvaria. 

763 Xeranthemum fefamoides, y. 

776 ••— « variegatum. 


In which the Englilh Names of 
the Plants contained in the 

Twentieth Volume are 
tically arranged. 


757 Aloe, foft-fpined. 

756 . fpider-footed-leaved. 

7O5 - fpotted. 

743 Androface, hairy. 

773 Afphcdel, yellow, or Kingfpear. 

782 Campanula, Cape. 
755 Creeper, Weft-Coaft. 

762 Dahlia, fcarlet-flowered. 

777 Epidendrum, fpread-eagle. 

751 Ferraria, green variegated. 

785 Fly-trap, Venus's. 
754 Galax, Carolina. 

774 Garlick, hairy-leaved. 
747 Helonias, fpear-leaved. 
-48 grafs-leaved. 

781 Honeyfuclde, great trumpet. 

742 Indigo, angular-ftalked. 

752 Ipomaea, prickly. 

775 Knoultonia, bliftering. 

766 Lachenalia, one-leaved. 
7^ ~ purple-blue. 

769 Lagunaea, Norfolk-Ifland. 
741 Lobelia, fiender-ftemmed. 

767 Melanthium, yellow. 
771 Moraea, branching. 
750 — dwarf. 

759 ' fhort-fpathed. 

«-y 2 yellow trident-petaled. 

784 Ophioxylum, three-leaved, [wort. 

768 Othonna pinnated, or African rag- 
761 Pelargonium, flefliy -leaved, or 


760 Perfoonia, linear-leaved. 

783 Philydrum, woolly. [phora. 

753 Podalyria, two-flowered, or fo- 

770 Protea, artichoke-flowered. 
780 Side-faddle-flower, yellow. 
779 Sparaxis, ftreaked-flowered. 
749 Squil, corymbofe. 

746 two-leaved. 

786 Stapelia, warty-flowered. 

740 Tagetes, fweet.fcented, or Chili 
Marigold . 

744 Tritoma, glaucous-leaved. 
764 lefler. 

758 —- ferrulate-leaved. 

778 Winter-green, umbelled. 

763 Xeranthemum, ftraw-coloured. 

776 — __ brown-tipped. 

Printed by S. Couchoian, Throgmortoa-Street, Londou.