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Full text of "Curtis's botanical magazine."

CUR TIS' S ^- 

Botanical Magazine; 

O R, 

Flo wer-Garden Difplayed : 

IN WHICH 

The mofl Ornamental Foreign Plants, cultivated in the 
Open Ground, the Green -Houfe, and the Stove, are 
accurately reprefented in their natural Colours. 

TO WHICH ARE ADDED, 

Their Names, Clafs, Order, Generic and Specific Charaders, according 

to the celebrated Linnjeus ; their Places of Growth, 

and Times of Flowering : 

TOGETHER WITH 

THE MOST APPROVED METHODS OF CULTURE. 

A WORK 

Intended for the Ufe of fuch Ladies, Gentlemen, and Gardeners, as 
wifh to become fcientificahly acquainted with the Plants they cultivate. 

CONTINUED BY 

JOHN SIMS, M.D. 

Fellow of the Linnean Society, U4 S??*^^ 
V OL XVII. 9 ~ % 

dc me* propre* yeux mon affcntiment aux obfervation, tint 11 iufte, d' u „ ,ni, t ' mo, « aa ^ 
une ventable jouiflance ; au l leu que qua nd je n e trouve p« ce c 55 dittf I *? P " 0it 
inquietude f. ce n'eft pas moi qui voit mil. P 4 JC fu ' $ tou )««» ra 

--- ____^ Roussxau parlant de la fynonymii. 

LONDON: 

Printed by Stephen Couchman, Throgmorton-Street 

Publifhed by T . CURTIS, N° 3 , ft. Gcortf sXrcfcent, Black-Friars-Road; 

And Sold by the principal Bookfellers in Great-Britain and Ireland. 

MDCCCIII. 



N:ji)j 




C 597 ] 
Ixia Secunda. One-Ranked Ixia, 

^Jc afe.jfc.ife. &_&. :&, jfe, A, «'*. .»k, »'<, «J».^li. v f 4,ili jfc. 

C/j/ir tftf*/ Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — Fid. N um - 549. 

Specific Charafler and Synonyms. 



IXIA Jecunda ; foliisnudis,fcapolanugineperminutadenfi{Iirna 
veftito, rachide perarcuatim flexuola, floribus fecundis 
tubo brevi, antheris ftigmatibus fubje£tis. G. 

I XI A Jecunda. Thunb. Diff. n. 7. (e cujus fynonymis elimi- 
nandse Ixia jiexnofa, L. lxi\fcillaris y L. & lxi\fe- 
cunda, De la Roche) prod. 9. Berg. ft. cap. 6. Jacq. ic. 
rar. 2. /. 277. coll. 4. 180. Wtlld. Sp. PL 1. 197. 
(rejecto una cum fupradiclis a Thunbergio citatis, item 
fynonymo lloitit Linn. Pfl.fyft.) 

IXIA pufdla. Bot. Rep. tab. 245. 



Eulb oblong, ovate, pointed, about the fize of a pea, co- 
vered with a fhell-like fmooth dark brown tunic, often with 
ieveral, according to the age of the plant, the one over the 
other imbricated downwards, far and regularly cleft from 
their bales upwards, fegments fubulate. Leaves radical two, 
cauline 1 — 2, narrow, linear-enfiform, ftiffifh, fheathing at the 
bafe, itreaked, midrib very prominent. Stem 4 — 8 inches 
high, finely velvetted with fhort thickfet villi ; has generally 
one or two axillary branches. Flowers on the main fpike 1 — 6, 
one-ranked, iffuing from the alternate bends only, upright, 
fcentlefs. Rachis reclined with the curvatures deeply bowed, 
alternate ones longed, a characleriftic very confpicuous in in- 
digenous many-flowered fpecimens. Limb rotately patent, 
fegments oval, acute, equal, flat. Filaments fhorter than the 
anthers, which laft are beneath the fubrevolute Itigmas. 

The 



The above-mentioned curvature of the joints of the Rachis 
probably fuggefted to Thunberc the poffibility of its being 
Lin nous's Ixia flexuofa, which is however a very diftinct 
fpecies. Found at the Cape, on the Groene Kloof, and Roode 
Sand Hills, and alio in fome fandy fpots in Swartland. Forms 
with Ixia rarnofa (Jcillaris y ThunbJ Ixia hirta y Ixia Ro~ 
chenfis, and Ixia fetacea y a very diftinfl fe£lion in this genus, 
agreeing in bulb and general habit of the leaves and flowers. 
Is as yet a very rare plant amengft us. Our figure was taken 
at the garden of Mr. Alderman Hibbert. G. 



N°M 




Z 598 ] 

Ixia Rochensis (a.) Plaid Ixia. 

CA7/} a»i Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Char after. — Fid. N um - 549. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

IXIA Rochenfis i caule foliifque nudis, fpatha fubventricofo- 
ovali faucem cum tubo asquante, laciniis lanceolatis 
foveola melliflua bafi infculptis, piflillo corollam fere 
aequante. G. 

(k) Palmaris, non ramofa, 1 — 2 flora, foliis fubulatis angufti- 
oribus, limbo radiatim patente. G. 

IXIA azurea. Herb. Bank/, exemplarium capenfe. 

(j3) Spitbamaa, ramofa multiflora, foliis linearibus, floribus 
fpicato-fecundis, rachidis flexubus arcuatis, corolla 
campanulato-patente. E fpecimine ficco. An lacinU 
foveolato-infculpta, necne indeque /pedes diftintla ? G. 

IXIA violacea. Herb. Bank/ exemplarium capenfe. 

IXIA /ecunda de la Roche, ditf. 17. HoutU Linn. Pfl. Syft. U. 
p. 40. U 78. fig. 1. 



Bulbs precifely as in IxiA/ecunda. Leaves firm, ftreaked, 

fheathing at the bafe. Flowers upright. Spathe large, ftriated, 

convolute-oval. Anthers fmall, fagittate-ovate : filaments 

ereB, upwards (lightly patent. Piftil nearly equal to the limb : 

ftigmas recurved over the anthers. Variety (|3) we have only 

feen in a dried ftate, by which we could not afcertain whether 

» poffeffcd the fmall neftarcous excavation at the bafe of each 

tew fo remarkable in (a), and confequently are uncertain 

- it ought to be confidered as a mere variety or a 

species. Flowers in Mav. 

Our 



Our drawing of this very rare and beautiful little plant was 
taken from afpecimen kindly communicated by R. Salisbury, 
Efq. by whom the bulbs were received from the Cape. 

We have given a trivial name in remembrance of Dr. 
Daniel de la Roche, author of a fmall traB, entitled 
« Specimen inaugurate Jijlcns defcriptiones plantarum aliquot 
« novarum, Lugd. Bat. i 7 66," confined to this natural order 
of which he has defcribed many Cape fpecies with great mi- 
nmenefs, chiefly from the herbariums of the Dutch, and has 
added five good plates of fuch as he faw flower in the wardens 
of Holland. G. fr*rucn:> 



Yjiji) 



C 599 ] 
Ixia Crispa. Curled-Leaved Ixia. 

CA?/} aw*/ Order. 
Tr iandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. — ?7<£ A"* 549. 

Specific Char a Her and Synonyms. 

IXIA crifpa; foliis undulato-crifpis, floribus remotis, an- 
theris brcviffimia fubdidymis extrorfura deflexis, ftig- 
matibus tubum ufque difcrctis reflexo-patentibus an- 
tberis fubjeclis. G. 

IXIA crifpa. Thunb. Dijf. n. 8. /. 2. f. 3. prod. 9. Linn. 
SuppL 91. Hon. Kriv. add. mild. Sp. PL 1. i 99 . 

IXIA undnlata. Bur m. prod. cap. x. Salijb. prod. Hort. 37.. 
n. 20. 



Bulb fomewhat oblong, attenuated upwards, covered with a 
foft reticulated fibrous tunic. Leaves fix, linear, elegantly- 
waved, twice fhorter than the Item. Spathe membranous, 
iubpellucid, about the length of the tube, which is very (lender 
and feveral times fhorter than the fegments. of the corolla, 
outer valve three-toothed, inner two-toothed. Flowers 3 — 4 
tegmenta obovate, blunt, patent. Said by Thunberg to 
vary with white and blue flowers. The anthers are very 
ilighfly attached to the apex of the filaments by their bates.' 

Found by Thunberg at the Cape, on the Roode Sand Hills, 
and near Picketberg. 

Introduced into Kew Gardens, 1787, by Mr. Masson. 
* lowers in June. Scentlefs. 

This rare and beautiful Ixia, fo remarkable for its foliage, 
waj obligingly communicated to us by R. Salisbury, Efq. G. 



intmi<ii Pt&hTOa 






. C 600 ] 

Watsonia Iridifolia, var. 0* Fulgens. 
Scarlet Flag-Leaved Watsonia. 

ffijHHM t % frfe * $ frfr ♦% f ♦ ♦ ♦ ■ 

C/4/} and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — Fid. N os - 537 Sc 553. 

Specific Char ail er and Synonyms. 

WATSONIA iridifolia; corolla refra&a : tubo ereQo fpatham 
fuperante laciniis aequali : laciniis obliquatim 
patentiffimis obfolete bilabiatis ovali-oblongis 
fubacutis fauci sequalibus. G. 

[a) cinerea ,• foliis cinereo-virentibus ; corolla obfolete Sc trifle 
incarnata. G. 

GLADIOLUS iridifolius. Jacq. ic. rar. 2. /. 234. (exclufa 
Varietate Jpeciofa floribus rofeis tabulae 235, 
que fpecies certe difpar, nempe Watsonia 
rofea, Herb. Bank/.) coll. 4. 151. JVHId. Sp. 
PI. 1. 215. depulfo Gladioli cardinalis fy- 
nonymo. 

(i 3 ) falgens; foliis faturato-virentibus lucidulis, corolla fulgenter 
coccinea. G. 

ANTHOLYZA>/#?».r. Bot. Rep. tab. 192. 

GLADIOLUS marginatus (y) floribus fanguineis. Thunb. Dif. 
n. 20. 



Bulb comprefled, generally reniform. Radical leaves 4 — 7, 
enfiform, attenuated at each end, fmooth, Alining, (lightly 
edged, equitant at the bafe, midrib prominent, cauline ones 
conduplicate, gradually fhorter. Stem 2 — 3 times longer than 
the leaves, fubligneous, ftri£t, round, from 3 to 6 feet high, 
with leveral upright branches all fpike-bearing. Spikes loofe, 
primary one io — 20 flowered, flowers fpringing from oppofite 
fides, when fully expanded inclining to the fame front; colour 

bright 



bright fcarlet; (cent none. Spathes # green below, fphaccfafe 
and red upwards, fliortcr than the tube, which is about the 
length of the faux and that again of the limb [; fegments ob- 
liquely patent or fubbilabiate (upper fegment not (Iretched 
horizontally forward as in Watson i a meriana^ No, 418) 
nearly equal, oval-oblong, narrowed at their ba!'es, fubacute, 
alternate ones rather more fo. Parts of fructification pro- 
minent, nearly equal to the corolla, equal among themfelves. 
Anthers dark violet. The talieft of the genus yet known to 
us. Blows freely towards the end of Summer, with a fucceffiort 
of bloom for a month or longer. Seeds and produces offsets 
in abundance. Requires a largifh and very deep pot, light 
earth, and plenty of water after it has fliewn the flowering 
ftem. 

A native of the Cape, and now common in mod of the 
nurferies about town; as well as the variety (a.) which, how- 
ever, is a much lefs deferable plant, on account of the dullnefs 
of its colour. Var. («) is known among the nurferymen by 
the name of Antholyza cinerea, as (8) is by that of An- 
1 no lyz a fu/ge ns i they agree with each other in everything 
but in the colours of corolla and leaf. Jacquin, in his 
J cones plant, rar. has united as varieties two very diftincl fpe- 
cies, viz. the var. (a) of the prefent fpecies, figured in his 
234th plate, and the Watson i a roj'eh, Herb. Bankf. (Thun- 
bf.rg's var. (a) of Gladiolus marginalus) in his 235th plate. 
Of the laft we have never been able to procure a living fpe- 
cimen, nor have we traced it to any Englifh collection as 
yet. Our drawing was taken at the Nurfery of Meflrs, Gam- 
wood and Wykes, Kenfington, G. 




TCu 



'v y c ,u t 



C Sox ] 

Watsonia Brevifolia. Short-Leaved 
Watsonia. 

Clafs and Order. 

Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Char after. — Vid. N os - 537 & 553. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

WATSONIA brevifolia; foliis humilioribus oblongiufculis Iu- 
cidis, tubo fauce limboque longitudine paribus, 
laciniis regulari-patentibus : intimis latioribus, 
ftaminibus refupinato-declinatis. G. 

GLADIOLUS caryopby Ileus. Houtt. Linn. Pfi. Syjl. 11. 77. 

<• 79- /• 3- 
GLADIOLUS margmatus, var. ]3. Thunb. Dijf. n. 20? 

ANTHOLYZA fpicata. Bot. Rep. tab. 56. ejus Recenf. 24. 

app. 41. 



Bulb as ufual in the genus. Leaves 4, oblong, enfiform, 
diftich, very fhort, fmooth and mining, mucronate, with a fili- 
form cartilaginous edging. Stem ftraight, branched, from 
6 inches to a foot high. Spathe green, broad, upright, con- 
duplicate, ftem-embracing, at the end truncately fubacute, 
fphacelate, and coloured. Corolla recurved, regular, patent : 
faux narrovv-turbinate. Segments nearly obovate, fhortly 
pointed, inner ones almoft twice the broadeft, flat^ outer la- 
terally fubrevolute. Parts of fructification declined, affur- 
gent. Segments of the ftigmas fhort revolute, extending 
rather beyond the anthers. Corolla micaceous, glittering 
very much in the fun, its colour not to be reprefented by art. 
Flowers about May. Scentlefs. 

Imported from the Cape of Good Hope by Meffrs. Lee 
and Kennedy, Nurferymen, at Hammerfmith. Is Hill a rare 
plant, but propagates with the ufual facility of the genus. 

We have never yet fecn an indigenous fpecimen in any 
Herbarium. G. 




mM 



C M ] 

Gladiolus Angustus. Narrow-Leaved 

Cornflag. 

W&Jt f ■*• % &• ^- -$ ••$-#• & 4 &-%■ fyfy 

Clafs and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia, 

Generic Char after. — Fid. N os - 538 & 562. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

GLADIOLUS anguftus ,• foliis gramineis anguftis linearibus 

unicoftatis, floribus fecundis ere&is : tubo fpa- 

tha limbo longiore : laciniis fupremis latioribus 

lanceolato-ovalibus. G. 
GLADIOLUS anguftus. Sp. PL 53. Mill. ic. 142. /. 2. 

Roy. lugb. 19. Hort. Cliff. 20. tab. 6 Burnt. 

prod. 2. Herb. Gronov. Syji. Veg. Murr. 86. 

Hort. Kew. 1. 65. Jacq. coll. 4. 154. ic. rat. 

2. Gmel. Syft. Nat. 111. Willd. Sp. PL 1. 

218. exclufo Thunbergii fynonymo. 
GLADIOLUS /r//?/s, var. p. cordatus. Corollis albo-incarnatis 

macula cordata foliis planioribus. Ihunb. 

Dif. 13. 
GLADIOLUS africanus, folio gramineo, floribus carngis 

maculam rhomboideam purpuream infcriptis 

uno verfu pofitis. Boerh. Ind. alt. 2. 127. n. 5. 



Leaves narrow, upright, fhorter than ftem, with a fingle 
prominent midrib. Stem flexuofe, reclined upwards, from a 
foot to two feet high. Flowers 3 — 5, about four inches long, 
ftraight, narrow, funnel-formed, one-ranked, fcentlefs. Upper 
fegments broader, middle one broadeft, lower ones rather 
narrower; all flat and fomewhat patent. Cultivated by Mil- 
i-er in 1757. A native of the Cape, and feems to have been 

one 



one of the firft denizens of Europe in this family. Has been 
confounded with the Gladiolus augujlus of Thunberg. Is 
clofely allied to a fpecies that we have never yet met with in 
any collection, though cultivated by Miller, viz. the Gla- 
diolus involutus of De La Roche, and figured by Miller, 
tab. 236. fig. u — probably no longer exifting in this country. 

The fpecimen from which our drawing was taken flowered in 
unufual perfeaion at MefTrs. Grim wood and Wykes, Ken- 
fington, in the month of June. Propagates with the greateft 
facility both by feed and offsets, and is one of the commoneft, 
though feldom feen to flower fo perfeBly as the prefent fpecimen, 
except from recently imported bulbs. G. 




T.t ur& 



C 6o 3 ] 

Pothos Cann^ifolia. Sweet-Scented 

POTHOS. 

Clafs and Order. 
Tetrandria Monogynia (Gynandria. L.) 

Generic Characler. 

Spatha. Spadix fimplex teflus. Cal. o. Petala 4. Bacca 
difperma. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

POTHOS cannafolia ; foliis elliptfcis venofis: venis fimplici- 

bus parallelis. Dryander MJf. 
POTHOS odorata. Anderfon. 



A native of the Weft-India Iflands, and confequently 
with us an inhabitant of the (love, where it is an ornament 
worthy of culture, its foliage being of a lively green and 
its flowers diffufmg an agreeable odour, efpecially in the 
evening, a property very contrary to that of many of the tribe : 
it has the additional recommendation of taking up but little 
room. The fpathe, which is at firft white on the inner fur- 
face, but changes to green after the flowers decay, adds much 
to the beauty of the flower. 

The excellent fpeciHc character by Dr. Dryander, 
fhort as it is, fu'ly diflinguifhes k from every known fpecies 
of Pothos : indeed the name itfelf will at all times de- 
note the plant, on which account we have adopted it in pre- 
ference to that of odorata, under which it was fent by Mr, 
Alexander Anderson, fuperintendant of the Botanic Gar- 
den at the Ifland of St. Vincent's, to Mr. Woodford, at 
Vauxhall, at whofe collection it flowered in great perfection 
laft June, when our drawing was taken. 

Introduced into the Royal Garden at Kew, by the fame 
gentleman, in the year 1789, and a fpecimen which flowered 
there in the month of April 1790, is preferved in the Bankfian 
Herbarium. 

Seems to thrive bed when plunged into the bark pit, and 
apparently may be increafed by offsets from the root. 



[ 604 

jatropha pandur^folia. flddle-leaved 

Physic-Nut. 



•& %"% 'r% ;■%■ & ^JHfc %-% -$ 4 ;%4 <jjfr 









Oafs and Order. 

MoN£CIA MONADELPHIA. 

Generic Character. 



Masc. Cal. (faepius) o. Cor. i-petala infundibuliformis. 
Stam. 10. alterna breviora. 

Fem. Cal. (faepius) o. Cor. 5-petala patens. Styli 3. bifidu 
Capf. 3-locularis. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

JATROPHA pandurafolla ; foliis fimplicibus panduraeformi- 
bus acuminatis baft fpinulofo-dentatis, fru&ibus 
cernuis fubrotundis. 

JATROPHA imperials Petropolitana. Fraferl. 



Both the male and female flowers are furnifhed with a calyx, 
which in the latter is divided to the bale and perfiltent ; in the 
male the laciniae are fhorter and divided only halfway. In both 
the corolla appears to be pentapetalous, but more decidedly fo 
in the female flower; in the male the calyx adheres fo clofely 
to the corolla as to refill; its reparation and render it difficult to 
decide whether it be monopetalous or polypetalous. The 
• flowers grow in an umbellated dichotomous panicle on long 
terminal peduncles. The pedicle in the centre of the dicho- 
tomy always bears a female flower, the fide branches all maie. 
J he latter are of courfe much the moil numerous. The female 
flowers are firft expanded and of ihort duration ; fo that 
at firft thefe appear to be all female and afterwards all male, 
both fexes feldom appearing at the fame time. The fecunda- 
tjon of the germen mult therefore depend upon its receiving 
the pollen from other plants, or at Icalt from the flowers 
°» different branches, and not from thofe neareft it. Flowers 
an d fruit exift frequently at the fame time, the former ereft, 

the 



the latter cernuous. Seed-veflel nearly round, fmooth, three- 
celled, with one oblong large feed in each cell. Leaves apt to 
vary in form, but in general broadeft towards the point, which 
is acuminate, contracted in the middle, and rounded at the 
bafe*, where it is befet with a few unequal fubfpinefcent teeth, 
apt in luxuriant growth to become auriculated proceffes, as in 
our figure : the margin is reflected. The beautiful coloured 
variegation of the under furface is not conftant, difappearing 
if the air has not free accefs to it. The whole plant abounds 
with a femipellucid milky fluid. 

It is a very ornamental fhrub, flowering through the greateit 
part of the year, and appears not to be tender, fucceeding 
Deft, according to Mr. Fraser, with very little artificial heat. 
Is a faft grower, and eafily propagated by laying down the 
branches. Introduced by Mr. J. Fraser, Nurferyman, 
Sloane-Square, who brought it from the Ifland of Cuba, on 
his return from his laft voyage to North-America. 

Jacquin defcrihes two fpecies of Jatropha, which appear 
to have confiderable affinity with this, both with fcarlet flowers, 
his haftata and integerrima, the firft of which he faw in the 
gardens at St. Domingo, but of Eaft-Indian origin, the other 
in the gardens at the Havannah. 



* This form of leaf Linn/eus has called pandur&forms, and the term, 
having been defined, is well underftood by Botanilts, and may therefore be 
retained, notwithftanding the Pandura of the ancients appears to have been i 
wind-inftrument, bearing no refemblance to the modern violin. 




Mm 



JyJ.£J*ml, M JPui by £i %rA r < ' , 



culp 



C Go 5 J 

Aristea Capitata. Tallest Aristea. 

Oafs and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. regularis hexapetaloideo-6-partita rotata. St am, diver- 
gcntia. Stylus declinatus. Stigma fimplex infundibuliforme 
hians ore fubintegro vel trifido. Cap/, oblonga trigone prif- 
matica angulis compreffis faciebus concavis. Sem. quolibet 
loculo plura lateraliter comprefTa. G. 

_ Oes. Radix fibrofa. Folia perennia enfata vel graminea difticho- 
divergentia plurima, nervo nullo praecipuo, (femperne ?) bafi equitantia. 
Caulis centralis annuus faepius ramofus. Flores fafciculati pedicellati, 
finguli braitea fpathacea diitiniSli, fafces fa;pe peduncuiati, iidemque 
aut fimplices paueiflori ab involucro fpathaceo herbaceo conduplicatim 
collect, aut capitati (fubinde etiam compofito-capitatij multiflori in- 
volucris et involucellis membranaceis fcariofis laxius cincli. Corolla 
emarcida in columellam perfiftentem fpiraliter contorta. Stamina ad- 
fcendentia vel aliurgentia. Semina faspius conta&u truncata. Genus 
in vivo parcius recognitum hinc cara£ter effentialis vix in toto definite 
ftabiliendus. Hue tuto tamen convocentur Aristea cyanea, Soland. et 
Bot. Mag. Mor.ea fpiralisy Thunb. et Bot, Mag. MoRiEA Melaleuca 
et MoRiEA pu/i/Ia, Thunb. G. 

Specific Character end Synonyms. 

ARISTEA capitata ; foliis rigidiufculis multiftriatulis, 

caule fubalato-tereti ftriclo, floribus fafcic'ulato- et 

compofito-capitatis : capitulis muJtifloris fpicatim 

difpoiitis, fpathis integris acutis. G. 

MORvEA carulea. Thunb. Dif. n. 15. tab. 2. /. 2. prod. 

11. Willd. Sp.Pl. 1. 243. 
GLADIOLUS capitatus. Sp, PL Holm. 37. Sp, PL 53. Buna. 
prod.fi. cap. 2. Murr. Syft. Veg. 86. Gmel. S. N. 
112. Hoult. Linn. Pfi. SyjJ. 11, p. 62. 
IX I A thyrfifiora caule polyftachio, i'picis alternis cauli ap- 
proximatis : germinibus in fpathis pedunculatis. De la 
Roche Dif. p. 20. (Synonymum ha&enus Ixim erecla 
male adfcriptunh) Burm. ptod. fl. cap. U Houtt. Linn. 
Pfl.Syfi. ii. 39. 
ARISTKA major. Bot. Rep. tab. 160. 

A genus 



A genus founded by Dr. Soi,ander, in the Hortus Kew- 
enfis, on the only fpecies then cultivated amongft us, viz. 
Aristea cyanea. 

Theprefent fpecies is large and ornamental, with a ftem from 
two to four feet high, nearly twice the length of the leaves, 
round, fomewhat winged by the alternate decurrent cauline 
leaves, upright, fublignefcent. Leaves linear, enfiform, 
ftifftih, finely filiated without any prominent riblike nerve, 
poliihed, dark green. Spathes and involucres membranous, 
icariofe, acute. Segments of the corolla obovate, equal. 
Produces abundance of feed, of which there are two or three 
in each cell, and by which it is eafily propagated, as alfo by 
the offsets or fuckers which it throws up, but not in any great 
abundance. Is now pretty common in our gardens. A great 
number of very fine plants were raifed two years ago at the 
Botanic Garden at Brompton from Cape feeds. 

Found by Thunberc on the hills between Haute»iqua's- 
Land and Langekloof, as likewife (but not plentifully) round 
Cape Town, flowering in our autumnal months. 

Two fpecies of this genus have already been figured in this 

work, viz. cyanea and fpiralis, the latter under the generic 

name of Moria ; butits fpecies, as well as thofe of Di latris, 

Wachendorfi a, and Mokia, are far from being fo 

common in our gardens as thofe of Ixia, Gladiolus, 

Watsonia, Tritonia, Si»araxis, and Babiana, though 

of equally eafy culture, and of at lead equal if not fuperior 

beauty ; we have never yet been able to find the lealt traces of 

Witsenia, their clofe ally, having been introduced into any 

European garden, although Cape fpecimens of three or four 

of its fpecies are not ftrangers to our herbariums. Our figure 

was taken at the nurfery of Meffrs. Grimwood and Wyk.es, 

Kenfington, with whom it was raifed from Cape feeds received 

fome years back. Flowers in Auguft. Scentlcfs. G. 



tffod 




[ 6o6 j 

Lapeyrousia Juncea. Cut-Leaved 
Lapeyrousia. 

Clafs and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 



Generic Character. — Vid. N um - 



595- 



Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

LAPEY'ROUSIA juncea ; foliis inferne intus excifis : exte- 
rioribus oblongo-ovatis : interioribus acu- 
minatis, fpatha breviflima, laciniis tubo 
parum brevioribas fubirregularibus, cap- 
fula tuberculato-fcabra. G. 

GLADIOLUS junceus. Thunb. Biff. n. 18. Linn. Suppl. 94. 
Syji. Veg. Murr. 86. Gmel. Syji. Nat. 112. 
Willd. Sp. PL 1. 217. 

IXIA excifa var. prior. Linn, Suppl. 92. Willd.- Sp. PL 1. 
207. (exclufo Thunbergii fynonimo.) Pars 
prior obfervationis hue ; fecunda vero ad 
Ixiam excifam Bot. Mag. 584 refert. 

IX I A f pi cat a. Burin. F/or. Cap. prod. ? 

GLADIOLUS amabilis. Salijb. prod. Horl. 4. 

GLADIOLUS polyjlachius. Bot. Rep. 66. ejus Recenf. Ixia 
excifa. 

Gbs. Vix bujus generis genu'ma /pedes t G. 



Bulb ovate, Jargifh : tunic fibrous, foft. Leaves iflue oblique- 
y irom the earth, continue nearly horizontal while young, and 
afterwards become more upright, in number 4—8, half the length 
the ftem, fmooth, fometimes flighty undulate, with a deep 
clear excifion on their inner fide nearly to the midrib and for 
ialr their length or farther: inner ones lanceolate-enfiforrn, 
paclually narrower, nerves not prominent. Stem from three 
,l <-ucs to two feet high ; branches 3—4, patent, round like 

the 



the ftem, often fubdivided with leafy bra&es at their bafes. 
Flowers 4 — 9, hypocrateriform, upright. Spathes very fhort, 
outer valve ovate, blunt, convolute, brownifh livid green ; 
tube and faux narrow-turbinate, feveral times longer than the 
fpathe and fomewhat exceeding the limb, the fegments of which 
are rather irregularly difpofed and cuneate-fpatulate. Anthers 
above the mouth of the faux, fubparallel, accumbent, nearly 
the length of the ftigmas. Capfule ovate-round, rough with 
fmall thickfet glandular protuberances. Seeds like thofe of 
muftard. 

This was the plant we had in view when, in the article of 
Ixixfciliarisy we faid the leaves of that fpecies refembled 
thofe of Ixia excifa. Thunberg defcribes the flowers as 
cseralefcent, Lin nal us the younger as violet-coloured, both 
which appearances they affume in a dried ftate, the more ex- 
panded flowers inclining to violet, the lefs expanded ones to 
blue; the latter feems to have ranked fpecimens of the fame 
fpecies under two very diftinct ones, and to have made this a 
variety of Ixia excifa as well as a different fpecies under the 
name of Gladiolus junceus. 

Found by Thunberg at the Cape of Good Hope, in 
Langekloof. Propagates abundantly both by feed and offsets; 
continues long in bloom. Scentlefs, Flowers in May. h 
now very common. 

Our drawing was made from a plant in the grcenhoufe of 
Meflrs. Grimwood and Wvkes, at Kenfington, who have 
been long in pofTcfiion of it, having received it by the way of 
Holland. G. 



ISM 




fv^EJ* 



'Curfu tfl f i 



[ fo>7 ] 

IXIA MONADELPHA. MoNADELPHOUS IxiA. 

Clafs and Order, 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — Fid. N um - 540,. 

Specific CharacJer and Synonyms, 

IXIA monadelpha ; fpatha brevi, tubo firi6iiufculo, laciniis 
lanceolato-ovalibus radiatim patentibus, hlamento cu- 
niculato-trigono antheras fere aequante. G. 

IXIA monadelpha. De la Roche defer, pi. nov. 10. p. 22. Houtt, 
Linn. Pfl. Syjl. n. 43. 

IXIA columnaris. SaUjb. prod. Hort. 36. Bot. Rep. tab. 203, 
2ii, 213, 250. 



Bulb flattifh. Stem from eight inches to a foot, fometimes 
branched. Leaves 3 — 4 generally fpirally rolled or circinate on 
their firft emerhon and for fome time afterwards, narrow, grafs- 
like. Flowers 5 — 10, of a firm fubftance, varying in colour 
from blueifh purple to purple, yellow, Sec. often variegated, and 
generally having a large round fiain at the bafe more or lefs 
obfolete and of various tints. Stigmas recurved, never above 
the anthers. Scentlefs. Nearly allied to Ixia maculata. 
Flowers in April. 

Our figure was taken at the nurfery of Meffrs. Grimwood 
end Wyk.es, who received the roots from Holland. G, 



mi 




[ 6o8 ] 

Watsonia Marginata. Long-Spiked 

Watson i a. 

Clafs and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — Fid. N ou 537 & 553. 

Specific Char after and Synonyms. 

WATSONIA marginata ; foliis margine crafla, Tpica ex ad- 
preffis fpiculis confluenter continuis elongata, 
limbo regular]", fauce brevi intus fexdentata, 
flaminibus ere£lis trifariam fpe&antibus. G. 

GLADIOLUS marginatus. Thunb. Dijf. 20. var. (a), prod. 8. 
Suppl. 95. Syfi. Veg. Murr. 86. Wiitd. Sp. PL 
1. 217. (exclufo Anth. caryophyllea fyn.) 
Mart. Mill. Dift. 

IX I A marginata. Hort. Kew. 1. $g. Mart. Mill. Dift. 

GLADIOLUS. Herb. Herman. ±.fol. 35. Specimen a Linnaeo 
fubferiptum. 



Bulb comprefled, fubreniform. Leaves lanceolate, fubco- 
naceous, nerved, far fhorter than the ftem, edged with a very 
thick brownifh cartilage. Stem round, firict, woody at the 
bafe, gracilefcent upwards, adprefledly polyftachious, 3 — 4 
feet high. Spike lengthened by the adprefledly confluent 
fpikelets. Flowers numerous, clofe fet, diftichly fubimbricate, 
diffufing a kernelly fmell fomething refembling that of He l 10- 
tropium peruvianum. Spathes green at the bafe, fphacelate 
upwards. Corolla falver-fhaped, nodding : tube recurved : 
faux twice fhorter than the tube, cyathiform-turbinate, armed 
with fix lamcllous appendicles on the infide alternating with 
l ne ftamens. Segments elliptic : interior ones fomewhat 
broadeft. Filaments femicolumnar upright, anthers fagittatc, 
yellow, furrounding the ftyle (not parallel). 

Thunberg 



Thunberg enumerates four varieties, diflinguiffiing them 
by their colours only ; («) white, (j3) pale red, (y) blood- 
coloured, ($) purple ; thefe we deem to be the following diftinft 
fpecies, viz. («) our prefent plant, (p) Watson i a brevifolia, 
(y) Watson i a iridifolia, (3. (2) Watson i a rqfea. He adds, 
that he found them at the Cape of Good Hope, on the fummits 
of the Table and other high mountains, and on hills below 
the mountains from Cape Town to Houteniqua's-Land, grow- 
ing among the grafs in fuch abundance that whole hills appeared 
as if covered with a beautiful fcarlet carpet. 

Introduced into Kew Garden, by Mr. Masson in 1774. 
A fure blower about July or Auguft, requiring a very deep 
pot. Propagates rapidly by feeds and offsets, and is now one 
of the commoner! of its tribe, known among the nurferymen 
under the name of Ixia fceptrum. Owing to the intimate 
union of the fpikelets with the main fpike it appears as if it 
began to flower at the middle ; but, on examination, will be 
found to begin at the bafe of the primary fpike, as is ufual 
with its congeners. G. 



JFM 




C 6°9 ] 
Tritonia Miniata. Late-Flowering 
. Tritonia. 
♦ ♦♦$$♦♦♦ ♦ ♦♦$$♦ $ 

Oafs and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Chamber*. 

Spatha bivalvis fcariofa. Coro/U bafis tubulofa : Faux tur- 
binata : limbus fexpartitus : lacinias unguiculata\ Stavi. incli- 
nata (nunquam ere&a) filamenta curva. Stigm. 3, recurvo- 
patentia. Cap/, ovato rotunda. Sem. numerofa globofa. 

Obs. Vide N um - 581. 

Specific Char abler and Synonyms. 

TRITONIA miniata; caule patenter polyftachio, foliis longe 
acuminatis, fpatha tubo aequali, limbo regulari 
deorfum opaco : lacinia nulla gibba, ftaminibus 
piftillo paribus. G. 

1XIA miniata. Jacq. Hort. Schoenb. v. 1. p. 10. tab. 24. 

Leaves fix, enfiform, far acuminate, nerved, fubfalcate, up- 
right. Stem from a foot to a foot and half high, 5 — 6 branched 
and even branchletted, elaftic, upright. Spathe fcariofe, blunt, 
itriated, the length of the tube. Flowers micaceous Scentlefs. 
Limb regular, equal, funnel -formed, patent, longer than the 
faux and tube together. Segments obovate, rounded, not 
hyaline at their bafes, nor any of them gibbous. Parts of 
fructification declined, affurgent. Piii.il equal to the ttamcns, 
twice fhorter than the limb. The moll robuft and tall of its 
family yet known to us. Flowers in Auguft. The reverfed 
pofition of the organs of fructification in this tribe always pre- 
fuppofes that of the corolla, and is perhaps generally the con- 
fequence of the reclined pofition of the rachis, which changes 
the direction of the flower, in relation to the fun, from that 
which it would have had if it had remained upright, as this 
inverfion is generally obferved in thofe that have fuch reclined 
or bent rachis, and feldom or ever in thofe that have the fame 
upright; we have feen it take place in fome fpecimens of 

DiOLU* where the rachis has been reclined, and not in 
«>flicrs of the fame fpecies where this was not fo ; but in 
^"atson 1 a brevifo/ia, where the rachis is quite upright this 

lion does nevei thclcfs take place. G. 

* Ad N. 581 lia. 6. poll corolla adde bafis tubulofa. 




Pun if 



[ 6io ] 

Gladiolus Floribundus. Large- 
Flowered Corn-Flag. 

Clafs and Order. 

TrIANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Generic Character.— Vid. N os - 538 8c 562. 
Specific Char abler and Synonyms. 

GLADIOLUS floribundus folio extimo falcato longiore, flori- 
bus ereftis : tubo fpatham aequante : limbo 
turbinato-campanulato : laciniis conformibus 
parum insequalibus planis fumma majore. G. 

GLADIOLUS floribundus. Jacq. ic. rar. 2. /. 254. coll. 4. 
162. mild. Sp. PL 1. 219. 

GLADIOLUS grandiflorus. Bot. Rep. tab. 118. ejus Recenf. 
Gladiolus floribundus. 

Obs. Hujus et aliarum generis fpecierum corolla: lacinia; de priftinis 
lanceolatis, dum in horto diutius colantur, lineari-oblonga: et mucro- 
nulato-retufas evadunt lateribus furfum luxuriofe dilatatis apice iramu- 
tato. G. 



Bulb ovate, as big as a pigeon's egg. Leaves enfiform, 
ftrongly and many nerved, ftirfifh, outer one broadeft, longeit, 
and generally fubfalcate, with a filiform cartilaginous edge 
nearly the length of the ftem, the reft upright. Stem about 
a foot high, flexuofe, flower-bearing nearly from its bafe, 
whence Jacquin's name. Flowers 4 — 6, upright, large. 
Spathes about two inches long, equal to the tube which is 
ftraight. Stamens fcarcely longer than the faux. Anthers dark 
violet. Stigmas fomewhat higher. The fegments vary from 
dirty white, with a broad livid-purple longitudinal fillet, to 
bright flefh colour with a broad lively red fillet. Flowers in 
May. Scentlefs. A free blower, very ornamental, and pro- 
pagates with eafe from both feed and offsets. 

Our drawing was taken at the nurfery of Meffrs. Grim- 
w °od and Wyk.es, Kenfington. G. 



jm 




[ 611 ] 

Epidendrum Elongatum. Long-Stalked 

Epidendrum. 

■ f ♦ » » » # » t$ * fr »♦$ f * * 

Oafs and Order. 
Gynandria Diandria. 

Generic Character. 
Neclarium turbinatum obliquum refiexum. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

EPIDENDRUM elongatum ; caule erefto fuperne nudo, fo- 
liis oblongis acutis, floribus fpicatis, nefta- 
rio tripartite) expanfo Jerrato eretlo. 

EPIDENDRUM elongatum. Jacq. ic. rar. 3. /. 604. collecl. 
vol. 3. p. 260. 

EPIDENDRUM Jecundum. Herb. Bank/. 



As the Epidex drv ufecundum of Jacquin has not yet been 
feen by us, we cannot clear up the difficulties which have 
hitherto attended this fpecies. We are however inclined to 
regard the Epidendrum elongatum and Jecundum of J ac q u 1 n , 
and the fufcatum of SiMith, as three diftinct fpecies. Our plant 
is undoubtedly the firft of thefe; differing in no refpect from 
Jacquin's figure, except in the colour of the flower, which 
with him is more refembling red-lead. The flowers are not 
fecund, the leaves not emarginate nor of a dark purple red as 
in Jecundum ; and the ferrated ne&arium feems fufficient to 
dillinguifh it from both the other fpecies. If the Epidendrum 
Jecundum defcribed by Solan der be not different from either, 
we fufpecl that it belongs to this, as does undoubtedly the fpe- 
cimen fo named in the Bankfian Herbarium. 

Our drawing was taken at E. I. A. Woodford's, Efq. 
Vauxhall, in May laft, from which time it continued in flower 
during nearly the whole of the Summer. Native of the Weft- 
Jndies. Requires the fame treatment as the reft of the genus. 



MM 




J } u/> 



C 612 ] 

Erica MetuljEflora. Nine-Pin Heath. 

CA2/} <3wt/ Order. 

OCTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Generic Char defer. 

Cal. 4-phyllus. Cor. 4-fida. Filament a receptaculo inferta. 
Anther* bifidae. Cap/. 4-locuiares. 

Specific Characler. 

ERICA metultfflora ; antheris muticis inclufis, corollis fub- 
ventricofo-cylindricis, nudis, foliis qninis decemfariis 
fubulatis ciiiato-ipinulofis, floribus umbellatis termi- 
nalibus. 

The fpecimen from which our drawing was taken was about 
two feet high. Branches few, firift. Leaves many, thick fet, 
quinate, alternating in each whorl with thofe above and be- 
low, and thus Handing in ten tolerable even rows when viewed 
from above downwards ; they are fucculent, fubulate, mucro- 
nate, fulcate underneath, ciliated at the edges with fhort very 
ftiff fubpungent hairs, fhort, very patent, longer in the midddle 
of the branch than at either end. Petioles very fhort, adprcfTed. 
Peduncles terminal, umbellate, fuberecl:, with two coloured 
bractes near the calyx and one green below the middle. Ca- 
lyx ovate-acuminate, hairy, five times fhorter than corolla. 
Corolla fmooth, minutely ftriated, cylindrical but fomewhat 
fwelling in the middle. Faux gaping. Segments of the limb 
roundifh, very entire, patent. Anthers enclofed, bifid, divari- 
cate : bafe rounded, fpurlefs. Germen turbinate, hairy. Stigma 
fubglobofe, enclofed. 

It is related to Erica cerinlhoides of Linnaeus [crinifolia 
of Salisbury) but differs in many eCTential points, particular 
in that the umbels are not nodding, the corolla not hairy nor 
vifcous, the leaves fhorter, more fucculent, and much more 
Shortly haired. 

For this very handfome Erica, which we confider as entirely 
new, we are indebted to Mr. Barr, Nurleryman at Ball's- 
Pond, Iflington, by whom we are informed that it was firft 
raifed from Cape feeds, by Mr. Rawlinson, of Tooting. 

Flowers in July. Requires the fame treatment as molt part 
of the genus. 



[ 6i 3 ] 
Mor^a Edulis. Long-Leaved Mor^ea, 

C/«/> j»</ Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Charatler. — Vid. N um - 593; ubi " petaliformibus" 
prsefigatur " bilabiatis." 

Specific Character and Synonyms, 

MORULA edulis ; (imberbis) involucris herbaceis, folio lon- 
giffirao, corollas laminis fubconformibus : extimis 
duplo majoribus obovato-oblongis, ftigmatibus 
aflurgentibus incurvo-convergentibus, filamentis 
deorfum connatis. G. 

IRIS edulis. Linn. SuppL 93. Thunb. Dijf. n. 38. var. 1. 
IVilld. Sp. PL 1. 239. 

MORULA vegeta. Jacq. ic. rar. 2. tab. 224? quoad plantae 
majoris fragmen ; planta integra enim ob m- 
volucra fcariofo-membranacea diftantia fpecies 
potius diftintta. Synonyma tarn Milleri et Linnxi 
quam Linnaei fil. et Thunbergii apud Coll. vol. 4. 
p. 140 in his fpeciebus citata, utnfque prorius 
aliena etiamque inter fe difcordia ; ifta Milleri et 
Linmei ad Mor^am (IridemJ trijlem n. 577 re- 
ferenda. G. / \ r 

MORjEA fugax. Jacq. Hort. Vindob. tab. 20. p. 14- (exclulis 
de la Roche et Van Hazen) Murr. Syfi. tfff. 93; 

IRIS capenjis corollis imberbibus foiiis lineanbus longiflimis. 
Barm, pr.fi. cap. 2. _ 

IRIS longifolia. Schneev. et Geuns ic rar. t. 20. UJt. ami. 
hot. J. 6. 105. Bot. Rep. t. 45- e J us Recen J- lRIS 
edulis. 



, Scape round, fheathed bv the lower leaf, which is 2—10 times 
"length, fometimes attaining, according to Schkeevoght, 
th e length of five feet, from us bafe to uhere the above leat 
G Pens from half an inch to a foot or n.ore in height, but 

beyond 



beyond the firms formed by the leaf always fhort and fo con- 
traaed that, from the nearnefs of the terminal and cauline 
involucres, the peduncles or branches form one compound 
fafcicle; upper leaf oppofite, fhort. Involucres herbaceous, 
ftiff, upwards fphacelate and awnedly gracilefcent. Flowers 
delightfully fragrant, varying exceedingly in fize and in colour 
from a lilac to a deep blue, open in fucceffion, and laft about 
fix hours each. Ungues upright. Filaments nearly the length 
of the ungues, about as long as the anthers, not connate the 
whole way. Stigmas about the length of the inner fegments. 
Capfule trigonal-columnar, {lender, about an inch or more 
long, different from Moria tri/Ih, which has an ovate-oblong 
Ihort and very thick capfule with larger feed:;. The attending 
to the form and proportion of the capfules will be peculiarly 
ufeful in the fpecific diftinaions of this genus. An old denizen 
of the Dutch gardens. Found at the Cape of Good Hope by 
Thunberg growing in fandy places in Groenekloof, Swart- 
land, and very abundantly in the low lands about Cape-Town 
and the DuyveHberg. The fpecimen from which our drawing 
was taken was fent us in Auguft laft by Mr. Loddiges, 
Nurferyman at Hackney, who imported it from the Cape. 

We have always fufpeaed the two varieties of the fpecies of 
Moraa figured in the 238th plate of Miller's Icones 
(and which are the original fources of Linn/eus's Moraa 
vegeta) to be no other than the Mo r* a (Iris) trijiis n. 577 
of this work ; but we did not venture to cite them on account 
of the omiffion of all mention of the pubefcent ftem ; which, 
owing to its exceeding minutenefs, might cafily have efcaped the 
draughtfman of fuch figures as thofe, but was certainly lefs 
likely to have been omitted by Miller in the defcription; 
yet we can trace in no colleaion or herbarium any fpecies agree- 
ing with the other parts of the figures and descriptions that has 
a Imooth ftem ; while Mor^a trijiis does precifely fo agree 




a fynonymto Morula vegeta, is a very diftm a Species? with*the 
larger fegments bearded and the ftigmas fetaceoufly multifid. 
The MoiMAJuncea of Miller has yellow flowers and 




. jegftoj though he quotes 
1->:nxus\s ipecics as a fynonym to his. This blunder accounts 
tor the Mo ilea indioides being fo frequently preferved under 
tne name of vegeta m the different collections and nurferies of 
i-ngland. Miller's fpecimen is in the Bankfian Herbarium. G. 



C 6i 4 ] 

Wachendorfia Hirsuta. Hairy 
Wachendorfia. 

Clafs and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. 

Spatha o. Cor. infera, hexapetaloideo-6-partita, irregularis, 
rotata. Stem. arTurgenter-declinata, divergentia. Stylus latera- 
liter obliquans. Stigma fimplex. Cap/, acute triquetra, velata. 
Sem. comprefla paleis lentis veftita, in quolibet loculo unum. G. 

Obs. Radix in Wachendorfia thyrjijtora rhizoma carnofum 
bulbiceps terra fubcequatum fibris craffiufculis coccineis ; in reliquis 
bulbofa, repens vel fubrepens, bulbi folido-carnofi nudi hevigati an- 
nulati flavefcentes, fucco mucofo fcatente. Folia palmoidea plicata 
difticha infra petioloideo-contra&a conduplicata ; illius perennia, 
norum annua. Caulis ere&us teres cavus pubefcens paniculato-ramofus 
racernofo-muhiflorus foliolis vagis fphacelatis diffito-fquamatus. Corolla? 
jefupinatas ? lacina fuprema baft canalibus binis brevibus mellifluis 
bicalcarata ; eadem lacinia vicaria, flore claufo, reliquas partes ar&e 
obvolvit. Stylus fetaceo-perfiftens. Stigma ex Smith ad lentem depreflb- 
hians. Capfula fupera fubturbinato-rotunda hirfuta corollae exarid* ra- 
mentis fubveiata. Semina deorfum attenuataimis loculamentis affixa. G. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms, 

WACHENDORFIA hirfuta; foliis annuis plicatis villofis, 

rami's divaricato-patentibus, lacinii* 
ovali-lanceolatis : fuprema exclufa ob- 
longa obtufa: 3 inferioribus fubma- 
" joribus divergentioribus. G. 

WACHENDORFIA hirfuta. thunb. prod. 12. Willd. Sp. 

PL 1. 249. (exclufis Breynii et Rud- 
beckii fynonymis, Wachendorfia 
hrevifolix MSS. Soland. fubjiciendis.) 

WACHENDORFIA paniculaia. Burm. monogr. 4. /. e, 

Nov. Acl. A. N. C. $&/. 51. t.M f f. to. 

In the felettion of the crTential characleriftics above enu- 
merated, we have been guided by the following fpecies only, 

viz. 



viz. Wachendorfia thyrfiflora y Thumb. Wachendorfia 
■paniculata^ Thunb. Wachendorfia hirfuta, Thunb. Wa- 
chendorfia brevifolia, Soland. MSS ; the Wachendorfia 
tenella and graminea of the former author being entirely un- 
known to us except from the (hort and vague fpecific charac- 
ters in his Prodromus. Our prefent fpecies feems chiefly to 
differ from paniculata in having hairy leaves, a more graci- 
lefcent and taller ftem, which is alfo reddifh brown and not 
green as in that, its branches more divaricate, the two upper 
lateral fegments of its corolla more contiguous, and its flowers 
when clofed form a flenderer and more compact column ; we 
might add, that the incumbent anthers are (horter and rounder, 
but as this difference efcaped us in the living plant and was 
obferved only in the drawings it is lefs to be depended on. 
Root leaves oblong lanceolate 3 — 4 about 3 — 4 inches high. 
Stem about three times their length. Segments traverfed lon- 
gitudinally on the outride by a brown hairy fillet, outer upper 
one wholly brown and pubefcent outwards. Flowers, quite 
fcentlefs, open in fucceffion, clofe towards evening ; expand 
in the month of July. We have never obferved the fix 
flamens mentioned by fome authors and figured in one fpecies 
by Breynius, nor the rudiments of any more than the ufual 
three. The genus is remarkable in this natural order for its 
inferior corolla, and is perhaps one of its connecting links to 
the hexandrous liliaceous plants ; in the habit of its leaves it 
approaches Bab 1 ana, in that of the flower and capfule it 
cames nearer to Cyanella. If Burman's figure is atten- 
tively examined, it will be found to come nearer to this than 
paniculata ; the lower leaves not being feen nor defcribed it 
is impoflible to be fo certain as we could defire ; the plant was 
only known to Bur man by a drawing taken at the Cape, 
from which his engraving was made. Introduced amongft us 
by Mr. Williams, Nurferyman at Turnham-Green, who 
received the bulbs three or four years back from the Cape. 

Requires the. fame treatment as Ixia and other Cape 
Ens ata. G. 



ro m 



t 




[ 6i 5 ] 

Melasph^erula Graminea. Grass- 
Leaved Melasph.erula. 

t -^- *^ ^' ^' *'' *'* ~i'. *^iiHh rf* A *^ *** ^ «l» ^ Ar 

r vfr ^% >jt »j» /jV <jT/{? v,«'v{f »> spr < , i ^>j^7fr vyf Tfr vj** 

C/j/} and Order. 

Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. 

Spatha bivalvis. Cor. hexapetaloideo-fexpartita bilabiato- 
campanulata lacinise fingulae feta praepilata?. Stem, adfeenden- 
tia. Siigm 3, recurvo-patentia. Capfula obovata trilobato- 
tngona. Sent, globofa in quolibet loculamento pauca. G. 

9 BS - Radix bulbus rotundo-ovatus, tunica cruftaceo-fibrofa veftitus, 
bafi truncato-planus. Folia graminea fubulato-attenuata colta media 
prominente ; caulis his plurimum altior teres gracilefcens paniculato- 
ramofus ; rami folio! is trinis lineari-fubulatis ftinulati, ramuli vel pe- 
dunculi elaftico-capillacei fecundo-fiorigeri perarcuatim flexuofi. Spa- 
rta valvula extima elliptica concava ora produ&a membranacea. 
Corolla; tacillime caduca : lacinia? parum inxquales elliptico-lanceolata?. 
Stylus ftaminum fequax ; ftigmata antheris imminentia. Capfula 
chartaceo-membranacea. Semina rubella, in fmgulis loculis 1— 3. 
Ex Jacquino axillariter bulbir'erus, bulbilli globofi nitidi nigerrimi ; 
hi nobis utique nondum comperti, neque a Thunbergio commemorati. 
Difcrepat a Gladiolo praeter habitu, fpathas forma, corolla: bafi 
non tubulofa, laciniis fctaceo-terminatis, feminibus haud foliaceo- 
compreflis. G. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

MELASPH^RULA graminea. G. 

GLADIOLUS gramineus. Thunb.'Dif. n. 26. prod. 9. Linn. 

Suppl.gs. (exclufis fynonvmis) Syft. Vcgetab. 

Murr. 86. Syft. Nat. Gmel. 1 1 2. (exclufo fyno- 

nymo Milleri) Hort. Kew. add. 482. Jacq.ic. 

rar.2.t. 236. Coll. 2. 303. Willd. Sp. PL 1. 

221. Bot. Rep. tab. 62. ejus Recenf. n. 22. 
GLADIOLUS ramofus. Roy. Lugdb. 19 <> Sp. PL 53 ? Reich. 

103 ? Syft. Vegetab. Murr. 86 f Gmel. Syft. 

Nat. 1 JO/ Mart. Mill. Dicl. t 
p HALANGIUM ramofum. Burm. prod. ft. cap. f exclufis fy- 

nonymis. 

As 



As yet a folitary fpecies, nor have we in the many fpeci- 
mens we have feen ever obferved it to vary even in colour. 
Flowers fcentlefs, 2 — 6 on each peduncle-like branchlet, which 
laft, in the archedly-flexuofe curvatures and one-ranked man- 
ner of bearing their {lowers, refemble the rachis of Ixia 
fecunda. 

Found by Thunberg at the Cape of Good Hope, on 
the Groenekloof hills, and near Bergrivier ; introduced into 
Kew Gardens, by Mr. Masson in 1787. The generic name 
we have derived from pixus black and <r<puipx a globe, in allu- 
fion to the colour and form of the bulblets produced on the 
ftem, as mentioned and figured by Jacquin. In the capillary 
tenuity and elaftic tremuloulhefs of its branchlets it reminds 
us of the quaking-grafs, Briza. 

Our drawing was taken at the Nurfery of Meffrs. Wykes 
and Grimwood, Kenfington. Requires the treatment of the 
other Cape Enl'atse. Propagates plentifully by feed and bulbs; 
but the leaves are apt if kept in a pit to be eafily bitten and 
deftroyed by the froft, and though this does not kill the plant 
it weakens it very much ; to make it produce the bulblets 
mentioned by Jacquin, and to have it in perfection, we fhould 
think the dry ftove would be the beft place to grow it in. G. 



x ( :o/d 




[ 616 ] 

VVachendorfia Paniculata. Panicled 
Wachendorfia. 

# #$-$$ 4h|# -#- ♦ ■ ♦$$♦$$$ » 

C/fl/> #«</ Order. 
Triandria MonogyniA. 

Generic Characler. — Fid. N um ' 614. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms, 

WACHENDORFIA paniculata; foliis annuis plicatis nudis 

glabris, caule virefcente corymbofo- 
paniculato, corollae laciniis lateralibus 
fuperioribus parum approximatis : fu- 
prema fubexclufa. G. 

WACHENDORFIA paniculata. Sp. PL 59. (exclufis fyno, 

nymis Breyn. cent, et Rudb.) Hort. 
Kew. 1. 75. Thunb. prod. 12. Linn. 
Sup pi. 112. Murr. Syjl. Vegetab. 94. 
Smith ic. picl. fafc. 1. tab. 5. GmeL 
Syjl. Nat. 120. mild. Sp. PL 1. 148. 
(exclufis fynonymis Mill. Di£t. 2. 
Burm. monog. et Nov. aft. A. N. C.) 
Kerner Hort. Semperv. v. 4. /. 43. 

ASPHODELUS latifolius. Breyn. prod. 3. p. 22. tab. g.f. 1. 

ERYTHROBULBUS hellebori albi plicatis foliis. Phtk. 

Mant. jo ? 



For the difference between this and birfuta, fee number 614* 
Flowers in July. 

Introduced into Kew Gardens by Mr. Malcolm in 1767. 

Our drawing was taken at the Nurfery of Meflrs. Grim- 
"wood and Wykss, Kenfington. Scentlefs. G. 



JV6/ 



'/ 




~«*l,JU JPu/> 






[ 6i 7 ] 

Ixia Capillaris (var. /3) Stricta. 

Wire-Stemmed Ixia. 



ET 



Ixia Capillaris (var. f) Incarnata. 
Flesh-Coloured Ixia. 

Oafs and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — Vid. N um - 566. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms, 

JXIA capillaris |3 et $. vid. N um - 570. — Ubi ad fin. 1. pro 
(var. y) lege (var. r) — et ad lin. 14. pro capillaris 
lege ftritla. 



To the article above quoted to we have only to add, that 
11 is at all times eafy to diftinguifh the flefh-coloured variety, 
given in the plate, from Ixia arijlata or flexuofa, by its paper- 
lifce fcariofe membranous fpathe, which has alio five rib-like 
ftreaks ending in as many teeth, and is much larger in pro- 
portion than in tbofc. The anthers in Ixia capillaris are alfo 
^ope clofely and conftantly fqueezed together, or fafcicled, 
than in arijlata and flexuofa ; in the pale blue or lilac variety 
the filaments are fo clofely prefTed that they have the ap- 
pearance of being monadelphous, whence the plant has been 
Called a Sisyrinchium among the Nurferymen. 

The drawings of both thefe were taken at Mr. Col- 
^ille's in the King's-Road, Chelfea, where they flowered 
! D April ,- the flefh-coloured one was lately imported by 
wm from Holland. G. 



C 618 ] 

Tritonia Capensis. Long-Tubed 
Tritonia. 

4£4j $ ■ $ • $ $ ft $ i% $ ft fl $ fr $ $$ fr 

C/o/j d#i Order. 

TrJANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

G«w/V CharaZJer.—Vid. N 05 - 581 &: 609.— Quo in calce adde 
Houttuynia. Houtt. Nat. Hiji. v. 12. />. 448. Linn. pfl. 
Sjfl. 11.^.523. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

TRITONIA capenjis * fpatha lanceolata cufpidato-attenuata, 
corolla venofo-ftriata : tubo longiffimo : lacinia 
fuprema erecliore ovata majore : reliquis lineari- 
oblongis divergenter-patentibus. G. 

HOUTTUYNIA capenjis. Houtt. Nat'. Hifi. 12. p. 448. tab. 
85./. 3. Linn. pfl. Syfl. tup. 523. tab. 85./ 3. 

GLADIOLUS rofeus. Jacq. ic. rar. 2. /. 261. Coll. 5. 22. 

mud. sp. pi. 1.217. 

GLADIOLUS Jlriatus. Herb. Bank/, exemplarium capenfe. 



Leaves grafs-Iike, far attenuate. Stem often branched j 
outer valve of the fpathe fcariofe, green at the bafe, longeft, 
quite entire, fomewhat keeled, awnedly attenuate. Corolla 
funnelform-clubbed ; limb fubbilabiate ; tube filiform-cylindric, 
nearly twice the length of both limb and faux, three times 
longer than fpathe ; faux narrow, turbinate, flightly tumid at 
the bafe ; fegments blunt, uppermoft nearly twice the broadeft, 
irregular, reft regular, equal, rounded at the ends, and fome- 
times emarginate ; ftamens adfcendent, anthers parallel, fhorter 
than limb, above the faux; ftigmas overtopping thefe. Scentlefs, 
Flowers in July. 

In Houttuyn's Natural Hiftory this fpecies ferves him for 
the foundation of a new genus, to which he has given his own 
name ; his effential character would nearly fuit any genus of 

the 



the whole natural order ; the figure is good and the defcrip- 
tion very intelligible. We have retained his trivial name in 
preference to Jacquin's, both on account of priority and of 
its not being taken from colour, which in this natural family 
Ihould be avoided as much as poffible, a name without 
any meaning being greatly preferable to fuch ; yet where 
we have found them already given we have never changed 
them. It is clofely allied to the Gladiolus longiflorus of the 
Collectanea, and the firft variety of the fame of the Icones 
Rartores, differing chiefly in the fpathe, which in the laft 
is blunt and dentate. Our fpecimen has no claim to the title 
of rqfeus, though the fame bulb mav produce one that has 
next feafon. This fpecies is alfo clofely allied to Triton ia 
(Gladiolus) lineata, n. 487 of this work; 

Above we have quoted both the Dutch and German edi- 
tions of Houttuyn's Natural Hiftory, but in general our 
quotation refers to the German tranflation only, printed at 
different periods in Nuremburg and tranflated by different 
hands. This very rare plant was introduced amongft us from 
the Cape, by the way of Holland, by Meffrs. Colville's, 
Nurferymen, King's-Road, Chelfea, and is ftill very fcarce. G % 



J e ()fQ 




[ 6i 9 ] 



Stapelia Radiata. Starry Stapelia, 

! 

4 -sMs- 3HH* iNHNi iltHtH 



Oafs and Order. 
Pentandria Digynia. 

Generic Character. 
Neclarium duplici flellula tegente genitalia. 



Specific Character and Synonyms, 

STAPELIA radiata : rami's confertis brevibus : dentibus 
conicis acutis, corollae laciniis diftantibus repli- 
catis nudis : fundo elevato tianeformi, pedun- 
culis geminis. 



This fpecies comes very near to Stapelia cafpitofa of 
Masson, /. 29, but differs in the fegments of the corolla not 
being ciliated, and in the peduncles generally coming in pairs. 

When the corolla opens, the laciniae are doubled back as 
fharply as if pinched, enclofing the fegments of the calyx in 
the fold fo completely that the flower appears to have no 
calyx. After the flowering is over thefe expand and clofe 
again, as is ufual in the genus, when the calyx comes m 
fight. The neQary confifts of five tongue-fhaped hollow 
bodies, fupported upon fmall pedicles, difpofed m the form of 
a Mar, the five points of which meet at the centre of the flower, 
where there appears to be a perforation oppofite the points 
of the germen. Between thefe are five round yellow bodies 
divided by a dark line having an anther-like appearance, from 
each of thefe proceed what we would call the two lobes of the 

anther, 



anther, or in the language of Swartz, the pollen-mafTes, 
club-fhaped, lying each in a hollow, in which they are con- 
fined by the neftary, one ray of which covers a right and left- 
hand lobe of two different anthers. Upon the removal of this 
ftar the lobes of the anthers rife up, fometimes fuddenly with 
a fpring, fometimes more gradually, and, if touched with the 
point of a pin, difcharge a colourlefs fluid. 

We have been thus particular in defcribing thefe parts, 
becaufe being more fimple than in mod of the fpecies it feemed 
to throw fome light on their ufes. The five rays of the ftar 
pointing exactly to the centre of the corolla feem admirably 
calculated to direct, a fluid pollen more furely to the real 
ftigmas lying immediately under their points. We would not 
however fpeak with too much certainty of the perforation of 
the centre of the corolla, having ufed only a common lens, and 
not having obferved fuch an opening in any other fpecies that 
we have examined. 

The plant from which our drawing was made was fent us 
by Mr. Loddidges of Hackney, in Auguft. It is a free 
blower, flowers coming in fucceflion through molt part of the 
year. Has an ill fmell and little beauty to recommend it. 
The Stapelias are generally kept in the dry ftove, but we learn 
from the Rev. Mr. Bale, that many of them thrive better, and 
flower with more certainty, if kept in the bark ftove and 
watered plentifully. 



[ 620 ] 

Pterospermum Acerifolium. Maple- 
Leaved Pterospermum. 

C7«z/} and Order, 

MONADELPHIA DODECANDRIA. 

Generic Charafier. 

Cal. fimplex 5-partitus. Cor. 5-petala. St am. 20, quorum 
fterilia. Cap/, lignofa 5-locularis. Sent, alata. 

Specific Char a tier and Synonyms* 

TEROSPERMUM acerifolium s foliis fubrotundis peltatis 

repando-crenatis. 
TEROSPERMUM acerifolium. mill Sp. PL 3. p. 729. 
ENTAPETES acerifolia ; foliis cordatis repandis. Linn. 

Aman. Acad. 1. p. 134. Sp. PL 959. 

Rei chard. 3. p. 331. Cavan. Dijf. 3. 
, />. 131. /. 44. Mzr/. A////. Z>/#. 

TEROSPERMADENDRUM folio aceris, flore fruauque 

majore. Amman. Com. Petrop. 8. />. 
. 216. /• 16 et 17. 

'ELAGA xylocarpa. Adanfon t p. 389- Gcertn.frufi. 2. />. 245. 

/. 133-/ 2 - 



The firft mention we find of this plant is in the eighth vo- 
u me of the Peterfburgh Commentaries, by Profeffor Amman. 
-1HN.4US eftablifhed the genus in his Flora Zeylanica, under 
J e name of Pentapetes, but having afterwards admitted 
• e^tapetes phcenicea as a fpecies, this name is now generally 
applied to the latter, undoubtedly a different genus, and 
5c hr£ BE r in his edition of the Genera Plantarum, reilored, 
s nearly as poffible, Amman's original name, taken from the 
ln ged feed, in which he has been followed by Willdenow 

and 



and Martin. A native of the Eaft-Indies, where it grows 
into a tree ; the bark is covered with a white wool, as is the 
underfide of the leaves, which are peltate and fupported on 
long footftalks thickened at both ends. Flower terminal, 
fweet-fcented. Calyx very like thick buff leather. Petals 
white, oblong, the length of the calyx, widened at the tip, 
oblique, inferted into the receptacle. Real ftamens fifteen, 
with long twifted anthers ; filaments united at the bafe ; among 
thefe are five club-pointed bodies, twice the length and much 
fiouter than the filaments, as thefe are the only internal parts 
which come in fight without forcibly opening the flower, this 
has the appearance, when fuperficially obferved, of being 
pentandrous; but thefe bodies have no anthers. Has been 
fome time known in our collections, but we have never heard 
of its having flowered in this country until laft September, 
at Meffrs. Whitley and Brames at Old-Brompton, where 
our drawing was taken. 

Muft be kept in the ftove in the Winter, but in the Summer 
may be removed into the greenhoufe. Is propagated by feeds 
imported from the Eaft-Indies. 




&jj?i,.n&M, Tid.hz 



[ 621 ] 

Babiana Stricta. Upright Babiana. 

C/#/} ««i Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — Fid. N um - 576. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

BABIANA firiBa ; caule fubafTurgenter-itriao, foliis angufte 
enfiformibus, fpatha tubo Eequali, corollis infundi- 
buliformi-campanulatis erectiufculis regularibus : 
laciniis acutis, organis aequalibus. G. 

GLADIOLUS ftriclus. Hort. Kew. 1. 63. Willd. Sp. PL u 
220. 

GLADIOLUS JriBm(i) Herb. Bank/. 

IXIA plicata. Am<en. Acad. 4. 300, exclufis lynonymis. 

IXIA villofa, Jacq. Coll. 3. p. 267. Ic. ran t. 284. 

GLADIOLUS plicatus. Sp. PI. 53. (exclufo Breyn. in fyn.) 
Murr. Syft. Veg. 86. 

J XI A fcillaris. Mill. Dicl. ed. 8. n. 3. /<:. /j£. 155./. 1. 

In Hort. Kew. duae, in Herb. Bankf. quatuor obveniunt 
nujus fpeciei varietates; («,) Ixia villofa. Jacq. fragm. et hujus 
opens? (0} Gladiolus plicatus var. anguftifolia Jacquini 
{$) planta de qua agitur. 

, -In nonnullis hujus generis individuis flores ejufdcm fpics inferiores 
nregulares dum fuperiores omnino regulares evadunt. Spathic faepius 
urium gradatim minores, dum infima terrninali duplo fit grandior. 
•ftntheras quae fub floris evolutione trifariam diriguntur faepe denuo 
parallela; evadunt aquamque prcebent frontem. G. 

Not having as yet had an opportunity to compare, in the 
£ing flate, the two varieties of the Hort. Kew. nor the four 

Herb. Bankf. we have not ventured to enumerate them 
s luch, or finally to diftinguifh them as fpecies. 

The 



The prefent plant differs from Bab i an a plicata in the 
greater regularity and uprightnefs of its corolla, in being 
flenderer, its leaves and ftem much firmer and lefs villous, 
flowers fmaller, differing in fragrance, which in this plant is 
weak but pleafant ; from difiicha the difference is fufficiently 
evident. Cultivated in 1757 by Mr. Ph. Miller. 

Our drawing was taken at the nurfery of Meff. Colville's, 
King's-Road, Chelfea, where it flowered in May. G. 



Errata in Fasciculo postremo. 

Pag. 614, lin. 13, pro /entente lege /ententes* 

* i lin. 1*, pro lacina ■ lacinia. 

' — lin. 18, pro lacinia -/path*. 

- lin. 20, poll rotunda iafcre' trihbato-trigona : lobis decline cemprej/is, 

Pag. 615, lin. 16. pro corolla lege corolla. 
Pag. 617, lin. 13, poft quoted dele to. 



F622 







[ 622 ] 

Tritonia Deusta. Copper-Colour 
Tritonia. 

Clqfs and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler.—Vid. N° s - 581 & 609. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

TRITONIA deujla; limbo regulari inferne trigono urceolato: 
laciniis exterioribus gibbis intus areola atrofulva 
injugum elevata notatis : unguibus opacis. G. 

IXIA deujla. Hort. Kew. 1. 60. Mart. Mill. Die! . Willd. Sp. 
PL 1. 205. 

IXIA gibba. Salijb. Prod. Hort. 38. n. 31. 

IXIA crocata; («) macula atra fupra feneftrata. Tbunb. dif. 
20. Bot. Rep. tab. 134. 

(|3) Areolis fubobfolefcentibus jugis depreffioribus. G. 

IXIiE miniaUs var. Jacq.fragm. p. 28. n. 9 6. t. 32.7.3. ? 



Leaves refembling thofe of Tritonia crocata, from which 
as well as from fqualida and miniata it differs in having the 
three outer alternate fegments gibbous towards their bafe and 
bearing inwards a tawny-black fpot furnifhed with a ridge- 
like excrefcence, and further from the two firft in not 
having any part of its ungues tranfparent or hyaline. Tube 
rather fhorter than the fpathe. Limb campanulate ; lamina 
of the fegments ovate, blunt, patenr, inner fegments ftraighter ; 
organs of fructification inclined-aflurgent, nearly equal, much 
Sorter than limb. From many well-preferved indigenous 
Specimens we find it is but little altered by culture in our 
gardens. The tunic of the bulb is darker than in crocata. 
This fpecies was firft defined by Dr. So lander in Hort. Kcw. 
where we learn that it was introduced by Mr. Masson. 

blowers in May. 

; It 



It is of eafy culture, propagates rapidly both by feed and 
offsets, quite fcentlefs but very ornamental. Our fpecimen 
was furnifhed by Meffrs. Grim wood and Wykes, who have 
frequently imported it both from the Cape and Holland. 

The term fenejlrata> ufed byTHUNBERGin the quotation 
above cited, is not meant to denote a tranfparent or hyaline 
quality, but merely that the fpot has the appearance of a 
blank window or outlet; but in Jacquin, tranfparency is 
intended to be exprelfed by that term. Since publifhing the 
article Tritonia Jqualida (fupra 581) we have feen the 
Fragmenta of Jacquin, in which we find the fpike of 
that fpecies admirably delineated in the 34th plate, fig. 2, and 
defcribed in letter-prefs p. 28. n. 96. under the title of a 
variety of Tritonia (Ixia) fenejlrata ; as we fhall hereafter 
give that fpecies, we fhall referve our further obfervations till 
then, and merely offer the above figure and defcription as a 
fynonym to be added to the article of Tritonia fqualida. G. 



[ 623 ] 
Ixia Erecta. Upright Ixia. 

C/<7/> ij;/i Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic CbaraBer. — Vid. N um - 566. 

Specific CbaraSer and Synonyms. 

IXIA eretfa ; fpatha membranacea tubo filiformi breviore, 
laciniis patentiflimis oblongo-ovalibus immaculatis, 
ftigmatibus ufque tubum difcretis, antheris filaraentis 
longioribus. G. 

IXIA eretla. Berg, plant, cap. p. 5. Thunb. dijjf. 18. (cunctafne 
quoad varietates ?) prod. 10. Murr. Syji. Veg. 85. Gmel. 
Syji. Nat. 109. Jacq. Hort. Schoenb. 1. tab. 18- (vix 
propter figuras minores?) JVilld. Sp. PL 1. 204. 

IXIA polyjlachia. Sp. PI 51. i&r/. JS>w. 1. 58. Mzr/. Mill. 
Dicl. Bot. Rep. tab. 155. 

IXIA ferotina. Salijb. prod. Hort. 35. n. 5. 

IXIA foliis lineari-gladiatis floribus alaribus et terminalibus. 
Mill. ic. p. 104. t. 155. f. 2. Philof. tranf. 52. 492. 

Obs. Ornithogalum Jpicatum. Pluk. aim. 272. /. 310. /. 1. hue 
a Bergio allatum, fynonymon nimis anceps, Ixi^e fcillaris varietati 
albidae aeque refpondens. — Ixia thyrjiflora, De la Roche, hujus ex fyno- 
n ymis omnino ejicienda et ad Aristeam capitatam transferenda. 



Bulb round, ovate, (lightly compreffed. Differs from Ixia 
waculata, N° 549, only in not having the large circular Itain 
at the bafe of its limb, and is perhaps fcarcely to be preferved 
as a diftincl: fpecies. Our prefent variety is defcribed by both 
I-inn^us andBERGius, by the latter with the greatelt mi- 
nutenefs ; the other varieties with which we are acquainted are 
green and yellow, of the firft of which there is a fpecimen 
under the title of Ixia viridis in the Bankfian Herbarium. 
The yellow is figured by Jacquin in his Hortus Schocn- 
br unnenfis. All Jcemlefs. 

Our 



Our plant generally blows very late in the Summer, whence 
we fuppofe Mr. Salisbury derived his trivial name. Said 
by Thunberg to be common about Cape Town. 

Is one of the oldeft inhabitants of its family in our green- 
houfes ; cultivated by Miller together with Ixia jiexuofa 
in 1757; propagates molt abundantly, requiring little or no 
care. 

Our drawing was taken the latter-end of June, at the 
nurfery of Melfrs. Grimwood and Wykes, Kenfington. G. 



jrfc 




-** ju .fyrcurti, j* & 



[ 624 ] 
Ixia Flexuosa. Flexuose Ixia. 

Oafs and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Charatler. — Vid. N" m - 566. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

IXIA flcxuofa ; tubo gracili paulatim ampliato : Umbo infra 

breviter campanulato-contraclo : laciniis ovali-oblongis 

patentibus, ftigmatibus baud ufque tubum difcretis. G. 
IXIA flexuofa. Linn. Sp. PI. 51. Mill. Dicl. 8. Hort. Kew. 1. 

p. 58. Houtt. Linn. Pfl. Syfi. 11. p. 31. Willd. Sp. PI. 

1. 202. 
IXIA polyflachia. Burm.flor. cap. prod. 1. var. maculata more 

Ixi/E maculate. 
IXIA ere 8 a var. violacea. Thunb. Biff. 18. ? 
IXIA capitata. Bot. Rep. tab. 232. 
IXIA foliis linearibus, floribus fpicatis feffilibus. Mill. ic. 

tab. 156. f. 2. cujus fpecimen apud Herb. Bankf. re- 

ponitur. 



■Bulbs plano-convex or rather fomewhat deprefledly flat up- 
wards and umbilicately convex underneath. Leaves linear, 
er »fiform, graffy, nerved, three inner ones iheathing the ftem 
nearly to the flowers. Stem upright, gracilefcently filiform, 
generally lax and fomewhat bent, longer than the leaves, 1 — 3 
y r l high, fimple or branched; branches 3 — 6, paniculatcly 
difpofed, often fubdivided, upright. Flowers 6 — 10, in a 
ort oblong fpike. Spathe fcariofe, membranous, com- 
monly denticulate. Tube moftly fhorter than the limb, 
^hich is fomewhat campanulately narrowed at its bafe, feg- 
ments obtufe : alternate ones rather narrower. Stigmas diftincT: 
about the bafe of the anthers, recurved. Anthers loofe, or 
ot fqueezed together, fometimes curved and connivent at the 
Ur nmit and bafe. Varies with white, white with red ftreaks, 
e d and violet-coloured flowers, which are alfo frequently 

ftained, 



ftained, as in Ixia maculata i too nearly allied to Ixia patens 
(a variety of which is Jacquin's Ixia leucantha) differing in 
little elfe except fize and colour and the campanulate contrac- 
tion of the limb at the bafe. 

Although Linnaeus has given it the fpecific name of 
flexuofa, yet in his defcription he fays it is " a flore ad florem 
* parum flexus." This now vague and inappropriate name 
moft probably led Thunberg to fufpe£r. it to be a variety 
of his " fecunda," which is tr*uly flexuofe. The plant defcribed 
and figured as a variety of this by Mr. Curtis, N° 127 of 
this work, has partly its habit and partly that of Ixia 
cornea, and is fo equally claimed by both, that we have named 
it " hybrida /' it has the flat hypocrateriforrn ftained bafe of 
conica, and the polyftachious item, white corolla, and fragrance 
of this, but does not expand fo freely as it, nor fo fhyly as 
cornea, and the leaves are rather more glaucous than in either 
of thefe. Cultivated by Miller in 1757. Propagates freely. 
In bulb Ixia flexuofa, hybrida, patens, and conica, agree to- 
gether, but differ from Ixia erecla and maeulata. All our 
varieties were drawn in April at Meffrs. Grim wood and 
Wykes's. G. 



M2^ 




S?JJ5J> JPu&. %: j; ( ; v 



[ % ] 

Gladiolus Blandus^). Fairest 
Corn-Flag. 

■» $ fr » » $ » » $ 3£ »■$•$-£ 

C/^/} #»</ Order. 
Triandria Monogynia, 

Generic* Char after. — F/V/. A^> 538 & 562. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

GLADIOLUS hlandus ; Iaciniis femicampanulato-ringentibus 
fubnutantibus tubo fubasqualibus : iuprema 
elliptico-concava : lateralibus obiongo-lanceo- 
latis : infimis reclo-patulis anguftioribus: me- 
dia acutiore. G. 

GLADIOLUS blandus. Hort. Kew. 1. 64. Willi Sp. PI. 1. 
220. Bot. Rep. tab. 99. ilerum t. 188. Ejus 
Recenf. Gladiolus albidus. 

GLADIOLUS albidus. Jacq. Ie. rar. 2. t. 256. Coll. SuppL 
21. Willd. Sp. PL 1. 311. 

GLADIOLUS carneus. Be la Roche, Difc. p. 30. tab. 4. 
Burm. prod. fl. cap. 2. Houtt. Linn, pfi. Syji. 
11. 63. Gmel. Syfl. Nat. 8. 111. 

GLADIOLUS floribus patentibus externe carneis interne 
candidis ftella maculifque purpureis infignitis, 
lacinia fuprema maxima. Breyn. ic. rur. 2. 

(*j Carneo-albefcens. Hort. Kew. 

y) Niveus laccato-emarcefcens. Bot. Rep. t. 99. 

W Purpureo-albefcens. Jacq. & Bot. Rep. t. 188. 



Leaves enfiform, nerved, fhorter than the ftem, which is 
* r om fix inches to two feet high, 3 — 10 flowered. Flowers 
! ar g c > tube fhorter than the fpathe, fcgments varying much 
ln fize, fometimes acute, fometimes retufe-mucronate, and 
°ftcn fubundulate. Scentlefs. Clofely allied to Gladiolus 




^Grimwood, Kenlington. G. 



Masson in 1774. 
Our drawing was made at the nurfery of Meflrs. Wykes 




yi£J**j,jJ Jub.ty r.CurtisJ%kc;Crfan, 



F.<fa*fa>* *<*$■ 



[ 626 ] 

Babiana Disticha. Hyacinth-Scented 
Bab ian a. 

.*'• <■'*. ji* »v, •'<. A ••'* ds »'i. 'S' ds N 't sic j't.*'* ski *';. >'£. 

T§» i",^ ^J. #jv «,* Vj»' ij* Vj» Sjt tfi »,4 /,■» ij» «,* <ff «j>T ijC s k \ 

- 
C/#/} fl«d F Order. 

Triandria Monogynia. 
Generic Characler.—Vid. N um - 576. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

BABIANA difiicha; foliis rigidiufculis Fubvillofis plicis altc 
liratis, fcapo ftri&o, floribus diftichis: tubo 
fpatha triplo Iongiore : laciniis aequalibus lineari- 
oblongis akernis crifpatulis. G. 

GLADIOLUS phcatus. Jacq. ic. rar. 2. /. 237. Coll. 4. 155. 



Leaves (hotter than the flem, oblong-lanceolate, thinly Vil- 
lo fe, ciliate, deep green, plaits deeply furrowed; corolla 
nearly regular and upright ; fegments patently recurved, ob- 
tu fe, longer than faux and tube* upper one rather the iargeft. 
Flowers fo exceedingly fragrant, that we do not know a plant 
on this account more defirable : fcent fomewhat like that of the 
Single Oriental Hyacinth, but much more exquifite. Native 
of the Cape. Is eafily increafed, but like the whole of this genus 
!s not fo free a blower as lxia, Watfonia, or Gladiolus ; \ut 
foould think it advifable not to remove the roots from their 
Pots above once in three or four years, as thefe require to be 
of agood age before they flower at all, and are not nearly 
fo liable to rot as many of the fpecies of lxia and Gladiolus. 

°ur drawing was taken at the Nurferyof Meffrs.CoLViLLES, 
Kln g's-Road, Chelfea, where it flowered in June. G. 



7P62f 




[ 627 ] 

Cistus Algarvense. Algarve Cistus. 

^MhMhM » » » % » $ » ♦ »» 

C/tf/i tf«^ Order. 

PoLYANDRIA MOiNOGYNIA. 

Generic CharaSer. 

Cor. 5-petala. Cal. 5-phyllus, foliolis duobus minoribus. 

Capfula, 

Specific Charailer and Synonyms. 

CISTUS atgaroenfe; arborefcensexftipulatus,cauleaiTurgente, 
pedunculis Aibpaniculatis pilofis, calycibus tnphyllis 
acutis hirfutis, foliis incanis ovato-lanceolatis. 

HELIANTHEMUM algarvienfe Halimi folio, flore luteo 
punicante macula infignito. Tourn. Inft. 250? 

CISTUS fruticofus ereBus foliis oppofitis femhbus oblongis 
utrinque incanis, calycibus tnphyllis. Mill. Icon. 
290 /> 



This beautiful little Ihrub was raifed from feeds received 
from Portugal by Mr. Udd.dges, Nurferyman at Hackney 
It comes very near to fome of the varieties of Cistus bat- 
mifolius, particularly to variety y of Martyn, the one figured 
in Mill?*'. Icones, which probably belongs to this fpecie 
but our plant kerns never to grow ereB, nor are the branches 
decuffated ; it is likewife of much humbler growth. 

There is a fpecimen without name in the Bankuan , H er- 
barium, brought from the province of Algarve in Portuga , by 
Masson, with an extremely hairy calyx, in o her jelpetts ex 
aaiy agreeing with this; culture may probably occafion it to 
lofe much of its hairinefs. . , i-«„. 

The calyx confifls of three equal very (harp-pomted leaves 
without any trace of the two narrower ones. The K^esot 
the flowering branches are not hoary. Flowers in July and 
Augufl. May be propagated by feeds, whtch It rarely pro- 
duces with us, or by cuttings, and treated as a hardy green- 
noufe (hrub, requiring only to be protected from feverc 
froft. 



F?62& 




[ 628 ] 

Petrea Volubilis. Twining Petrea. 

Clafs and Order, 

DlDYNAMIA AnGIOSPERMIA. 

Generic Characler. 

Cal. 5-partitus, maximus, coloratus. Cor, rotata? Cap/, bi- 
locularis in fundo calicis. Sem. folitaria. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

PETREA volubilis. Hort. Cliff. 319. Spec. PL 873. Jacq. 
Amer. 180. tab. 114. Mart. Mill Diet. IVilld, 

Sp-%- 3*3- 

Houstoun firfl difcovered this plant at Vera Cruz in New 
kpain, and named it in honour of the then Lord Petre, who 
wa? much attached to Botany, but unfortunately died of the 
Imall-pox when a very young man, having in his life-time 
erected the moil magnificent confervatory then exifting in 
Europe. 

There appears to be two varieties of this fhrub, one with 
white, the other with violet-coloured corollas, but the calyx in 
both is blue ; ours is the precife variety defcribed by J acq u in, 
who found it in Martinique, where he fays it afcends to the top 
°f trees twenty feet high. The corolla, which is five-cleft and 
fubbilabiate, is of very fliort duration, but as the calyx is a 
confpicuous part of the flower, the long racemes hanging pen- 
dent from the extremities of the branches make a handfome 
a ppearance for fome time. It has been fufpefted that the 
male and female flowers are diftincl ; as only one bunch was 
produced we cannot decide the queftion, but the piftils ap- 
peared to us to be either totally wanting or very imperfect. 
. It is a very ornamental fhrub, requires to be kept conftantiy 
m the ftove, and might be advantageoufly planted in a box in 
the corner of the tan-pit and trained to the rafts or to a trellis, 
thrives bed in rich loam and loves a warm moift air. 

Imported by Mr. Woodford from St. Vincent's, in whofe 
wove at Vauxhali it flowered, as we believe, for the firfl time 
ln this country, in Auguft laft : in the Weft- Indies its blofibms 
ar e produced in November. 



[ 62 9 ] 

ixia polystachia. llly of the valley- 
Scented Ixia. 

.s!» & ih «> Aa »»> *t* fl» ^y „ rff aj(>r ifr gjt, 
•#j»Ty~j» »,•» •> •»> VjV^ •)•• ^ <,* * 4 » vf. vj. /j? 

CAt/jt a/zi Order. 
Triandria Monogvnia. 

Generic Cbaracler.- — Fid. N um - 566. 

Specific Cbaracler and Synonyms. 

IXIA polyjlachia ; tubo capillar! fpatha 2~3plo longiorc : la- 
ciniis ligulato-oblongis complanatis regularibus, antheris 
didymo-rotundis, ftigmatibus ufque tubum difcretis fifTo- 
hiantibus. G. 

IX I A polyjlachia. Jacq. Ic. rar. 2. /. 275. Coll. 3. p. 269. 
Gmel. Syji. Nat. 110. Bot. Rep. 128. ejusRccenj. app.40. 

IXIA Jcillaris. (3. Jupra N c - 542. Houtt. Linn. pfi. Syjl. iu 
p. 33. tab. 77. f. 2. taruum vero propter florem de- 
cerptum feorfim delineatum. 

IXIA retnfa. Salijb. prod. hort. 35. k. if. Mzr/. Mill. DicJ. 

Obs. Ixi^e Jcillaris characlerem (olim ad fpeciem prxrrrifTam pro 
varietate recipiendam adaptatum) privius retra&atum hie de novo tra- 
dimus; nempe, " Ixia jcillaris ; fpatha tubo tequah, laciniis Jpatulath 
Jubirregulariter digejlis : laminis concavis, antheris brevibus cbhngis conm- 
venterdejiexis, Jligmatibus infundibuliformi-hiantibus antheris jubjeclis" G. 

The above fpecies is here feparated from Ixia Jcillaris^ 
under which we had left it as a variety in our 54 2d article. 
Befides, in the characters above detailed, this further differs 
from that in being a taller flenderer plant with much narrower 
grafs-like leaves, having a far fhallower lateral excifion 
and never curled or undulate; Rachis lefs flexuofe, fewer 
flowered, flowers fragrant with their fegments regularly and 
cquidiftamly difpofed ; tube proportionably longer ; fligmas 
more cleft and their funnel- or club-form nearly obfolete. Each 
varies with white and with paler flowers. Both remarkable 
for a proportionately fraall regular fubgtobular bulb with a 
dark brown covering, for their funnel-fhaped hiant fligmas, 
which fhould be obferved with a glafs, both commonly 2-3-4" 
branched. The flowers of our fpecimen were unufually 
iarge and the ftem fimple. This flowers in May, Jcillaris in 
January or February. Our drawing was taken from an im- 
ported bulb at the Nurfery of MeflVs. Grim wood and Wykes, 
Kenfington. (7. 



M 



?02Q 




'EJ+«nA JW Put. fa 




J°6so 



u. 2U 



[ 630 ] 

IXIA COLUMELLARIS. VARIEGATED IxiA. 

•» » » » » » »4hNh|hNhNhN8'» v 

Oafs and Order. 
Triandria Monocynia. 

Generic Character. — Fid. N um - 566, 

Specific Char after and Synonyms. 

IXIA cohmellaris ; foliis gramineis, fpatha brevi, tabo ftri&o, 
laciniis fubcoriaceo-firmulis ligulato-oblongis rotatis, 
ftamiaibus columnaritcr compaclis bafi tanmm con- 
cretin G. 

IXIA variegata. Herb. Bank/, exempt, capenfe. 



Bulb round, compreffed, covered with a tunic of parallel 
nb-like fibres reticulately contracted upwards. Leaves 3-4, 
grafs-like, narrow, nerved, fhorter than the ftem. Stem up- 
right, ftricl, generally with one or two fhort branchlets. Spathe 
icariofe, membranous, denticulate. Tube filiform, ftri£t, rather 
longer than the fegments which are linear, (lightly attenuated 
downwards, and not feparated quite to the mouth of the tube. 
Stamens form an upright column, filaments femicylindrical and 
connate at their bale only, anthers fubulate-oblong, longer than 
their filaments ; which laft are the length of the piftil ; Itigmas 
lightly recurved, projecting from between the ftamens near the 
bafe of the anthers. Corolla on the outfide of a dingy purplifli 
white, within exceedingly brilliant and iridefcently variegated 
>1 circles, with a dark fpot at the bafe ol the limb. When 
hnelt clofe to, a ftrong fcent is perceived, very much re- 
fembling that of the Tongo Bean (Baryosma Tongo). It ex- 
pands its flowers about eight in the morning if the weather is 
hot, clear, and ftill, but clofes again about noon, opening in 
the fame manner feveral days in fucceflion. Differs from 
Ixia monadelpha in the filaments not being connate beyond 
their bafe, in habit of expanfion, and in being fragrant; 
flowers in Auguft ; is eafily increafed both by feeds and oflF- 
lets. The drawing was taken from a plant purchafed at 
MefTrs. Lee and Kennedy's Nurfery, Hammerfmith. G. 




\"(h)l 



S?J£Jmm+Jd J'ttt hv T.Cnrfo- Sf&e< 



C 631 ] 

Watsonia Humilis. Lake-Coloured 
. Watsonia. 

Clafs and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character.— Vid. N»- 537 & 553. 

Specific CharacJer and Synonyms. 

WATSONIA laccata; foliis anguftioribus verticaliter enfi- 
formibus ftriftis tortiufculis, fpatha tubo fauce 
limboque inviccm aequalibus, piftillo lacinias 
pariles acutas regulari-patulas fubaequante. G. 

WATSONIA humilis foliis lineari enfiformibus tubo Boris 
longiffimo. Mill le. p. 198. t. 297. / 2. 

GLADIOLUS laccatm. Jacq. Ic. rar. 2. /. 232. Coll. 4. 
p. 171. Witld. Sp. PL 1. 2 15. 

WATSONIA erubefcens. Herb. Bank/, exempt, capenfe. 



This is one of the fmaller fpecies of its genus, the Cape 
Specimens we have feen being generally from eight inches to 
afoot high and the leaves about the third of an inch broad, 
linear and fhorter than the Item. Corolla one uniform colour 
recurved, in Tacquin's figure refraaed. Spathe acute. Faux 
a complete cylinder. Segments quite regular, oblong-ovate, 
acute. Anthers above the faux below the ftigmas : 4-6 tlowers 
in the primary fpike. Differs from Watsonia rofeo-albam 
a proportionably fhorter tube, from Meriana in a perfedly 
regularly and recurvedly patent limb, from tridifolta in a pro- 
portionately longer fpathe, quite regular limb, and equal 
tegmenta. Flowers in May. Our drawing was made at 
Mcflrs. Grimwood and Wykes's Nurfery, Kenfington, where 
it had been lately imported from Holland. Raifed originally 
in this country from feed brought from the Cape, by Captain 
Hutchinson, to Miller, in the year 1754. G. 



[ <%2 J 

Gladiolus Milleri. Miller's Corn-Flag. 
4-£ $$$ , %$& $-£ |h| JhHhJi •$-$-& 

C/4/} a//*/ Order. ' 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Charafier. — Fid. N cs - 538 & 562. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

GLADIOLUS Milleri ; foliis prsenervofis, fpatha turgida 
tubum ftri£tiffimum fubexcedente, floribus 
erecto-fecundis bilabiato-campanulatis hinc 
femiurceolato-gibbis : lacinia fuperiore late- 
ralibus anguiiiore. G. 

ANTHOLYZA foliis linearibus fulcatis floribus albis uno 
verfu difpofms. Mill. Diet. n. 2. Ic. p. 27. 
tab. 40. 

GLADIOLUS Jecundus. j3. Herb. Bank/, exempl. capenfe. 

Bulb about the fize of a pigeon's egg faftigiately ovate. 
Leaves 4-5, enfiform-lanceolate with many prominent nerves 
(whence Miller's idea of their being fulcate) fhorter than 
the ftem which is generally about a foot high, reclined and 
♦Jexuofe at the rachis. Flowers pointing one way, uprightifh, 
large, inconfpicuous, fcentlefs. Outer valve of the fpathe 
convolute, turgid, greenifh, generally fuffuied with purplifh 
brown, reaches nearly to the middle of the faux in fome, in 
others fcarcely to the top of the tube. Tube flefhy, very 
ftrift, peduncle-like, much fhorter than the fegments of the 
limb, which are urceolately turgid downwards on the under fide; 
upper middle fegment narrower than its fide ones refembling in 
Jhape the lowed ; fegments in general linear-oblong, equal in 
length, patent upwards, two upperlateral ones rather the broadeft; 
ftamens not half their length. The corolla on its firft emerfion 
from its fpathe is quite white, but gradually changes to the colour 
exhibited in the plate; which chara&eriftic is noticed by Miller 
in his general, though he calls it white in his fpecific defcription. 
Clofely allied to Gladiolus undulatus and fioribundus. Its tube 
is Angularly folid, flefliy, and fomewhat brittle. Raifed by 
Miller from Cape feed in 1757; flowers in April. We have 
never yet found the above cited figure of Miller's adduced as 
a lynonym or quoted as a fpecies in any book known to us. In 
the Bankfian Herbarium there is a Cape fpecimen. Our figure 
jvas taken at the Nurfery of MefTrs. Grim wood and Wykes, 
Kenfington ; the plant was not fo much reclined at the rachis, 
nor fo many flowered as ufual, as the entire inflorefcence of a 
Urong plant could not have been fhewn in our fized page. G. 




SU Edwu: 



ken/ War. i /, 



C 6 33 ] 

Cassia Corymbosa. Corymbous Cassia,' 

Clafs and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cd. 5-phyllus. Petala 5. Anther* fupremse 3 fteriles ; in- 
fimae 3 roftratae. Legumen. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

CASSIA corymhofa : foliis trijugis lanceolatis fubfalcatis gla- 
bris, glandula inter infima, corymbis pedunculatis 
axillaribus, leguminibus cylindricis. Lamarck Encycl. 
1. p. 644. art. 12. Willi. Sp. PL 2. p. 517. 



Lamarck has given an accurate defcription of this beau- 
tiful fhrub from a plant that flowered in the Botanic Garden 
at Paris, adding that of the feed-veflel from an imported 
fpecimen. The leaves are without ftipules, conf.ft generally 
of three pair of leaflets, between the two lowermoft of which 
is a fmall conical fharp-pointed gland : the bunches of flowers, 
about eight in each, ftand upon peduncles the length ol the 
leaves to which they are axillary. According to Lamarck 
is a native of Buenos Ayres, in South America. 

Our drawing was taken at the garden of E. J. A. w o° D ; 
ford, Efq. atVauxhall, in Auguft, from a plant purchased 
of Mr. North, Nurferyman at Lambeth, who fays he railed 
it from feeds received from the Weft-Indies about feven 
years ago. We are informed by Mr. Watson, Gardener to 
Mr. Woodford, that vhilft confined in a pot and kept 10 
tbeftove it never flowered, removed into the greenhoule it 
Aiffered from the cold, but when planted in the border or the 
confervatory it throve exceedingly and flowered freely, 
making a very ornamental fhrub about five or fix feet high. 
May be increafed by cuttings. 



Miller informs us, that when the flowers begin to appear, 
if the plants are expofed to the open air, the buds will fall 
ofF without opening; and recommends that they mould at this 
time be placed in an airy glafs-cafe, and a large fhare of air 
be admitted in warm weather. 

Perhaps, for want of attending to thefe directions, few 
cultivators have feen this flirub in full beauty, as it appeared 
in the confervatory at Mr. Woodford's, where our drawing 
was taken. 



C ^34 3 

Punica Nana. Dwarf Pomegranate 

Tree. 

Clafs and Order. 

ICOSANDRIA MONOCYNIA. 

Generic Cbaracler. 

Cal. 5-fidus fuperus. Petala 5. Pomum multiloculare poiy- 
fpermurn. 

Specific CharatJer and Synonyms. 

PUNICA nana; foliis linearibus, caule fruticofo. Sp. PL 
676. Hort. Kew. 2. 160. Willd. Sp. PL 2. 981. 
Mart. Mill. Dicl. 

PUNICA americana nana feu humillima. Tournef. Inft. 636. 



The Punica nana, of which no figure has, to our know- 
ledge, been hitherto given, is a fhrub of humble growth, in 
other refpeBs fo clofely allied to Punica Granatum, that per- 
haps they might be confidered as mere varieties, at leaft it is 
difficult to find diftinguifhing charaBers, the leaves of our plant 
not being narrower in proportion to the length than in the 
other. Is generally fuppofed to be a native of the Weft- 
Indies, and Brown, in his Hiftory of Jamaica, mentions a 
larger and fmaller variety of Punica, cultivated there, but 
does not fay whether indigenous or not, nor do we find the 
other authors who have mentioned it, fufficiently explicit to 
admit of afcertaining its native country. 

It is wonderful that fo beautiful a fhrub, cultivated by 
Miller fo long fince as the year 1731, and eafily propagated 
by layers, mould not be more common; certainly there are 
lew inhabitants of the greenhoufe more ornamental, continuing 
full three months in bloflbm. 



Miller 



M 



^34 




&£j~^,U Ftd.trTCur&£ 



N?6te 




WEJ.**!*. Pub bfTCur&s. ffoict 'refcaUifar. (• fi&3 FS*sfi* *■£ 



[ 6 35 ] 
Scutellaria Grandiflora. Large- 
Flowered Scutellaria. 

•» »&*»»»$»» »»♦♦»♦ »»# 

C/j/> tfffii Order. 

DlDYNAMIA GYMNOSPERMIA. 

Generic CbaracJer. 
Calyx ore integro : poft florefcentiam claufo, operculato. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms, 

SCUTELLARIA grandiflora; foliis cordatis incifo-crenatis 
utrinque pubefcentibus petiolo brevioribus, 
fpicis breviffimis tetragonis, corollis hirfutis 
braBeis quater longioribus. 



This fpecies approaches very near to the Scutellaria orientalis, 
efpecially to the variety found in Georgia, by Tournefort, 
and defcribed in his travels : but befides that his plant has 
yellow flowers, ours differs in having much fhorter (pikes, 
corolla larger in proportion to the fize of the bracleze, leaves 
rounder, lefs tomentofe underneath, but foft like velvet on 
h'oth fides ; the flowers are fcentlefs, and, as well as the whole 
plant, intenfely bitter. A hardy perennial. Flowers in July. 

The fpecimen from which our drawing was made, was lent us 
D y Mr. Loddiges, Nurferyman at Hackney, who raifed it 
from feeds fent him from Siberia. 



N°6d6 




Sfi, £J»*rJtJ,i. .Pub. by I.Curtis. JtGee.CrefientMan /. 



C 6 3 6 ] 

Rhododendron Dauricum. Dotted- 
Leaved Rhododendron. 

C/j/} <z»i Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. 

Cal. 5-partitus fubinfundibuliformis. Stam. declinata. Cap/. 
5-locularis. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms, 

RHODODENDRON dauricum ; foliis glabris punftatis nudis, 

corollis rotatis. Sp. PL 562. Pall. Roff. 

1. p. 47. /. 32. Bot. Rep. t. 4. Mart. 

Mill. Dicl. IVilld. Sp. PI. 2. p. 604. 
CHAM^ERHODODENDROS folio glabro majufculo, am- 

plo flore rofeo. Anm. Ruth. 181. /. 27. 
ANDROMEDA foliis ovatis mrinque punclatis. Gmel. Sib. 4. 

p, 124. K. 10. 



This very beautiful fhrub is, according to Pallas, pecu- 
liar to the fubalpine tracts of eaftern Afia, occurring chiefly 
in the northern parts of Siberia between the Jenifea and Lena 
rivers, where the northern fides of the mountains in the be- 
ginning of May are entirely empurpled by it. It inuft of 
courfe be confidered as a very hardy plant, though like many 
other inhabitants of the coldeft regions, when cultivated in 
this country, from the greater mildnefs of our winters it is apt 
to expand its flowers prematurely, which are ufually deftroyed 
by fubfequent frofts and cold winds. On this account it is better, 
as foon as the bloffoms begin to appear, to remove the plant 
under fhelter, where it will prove exceedingly ornamental in 
the very depth of winter; but (hould the frolt begin early and 
continue fo long as to retard the opening of the bloflbms till 



its natural feafon, it might be fuffered to continue in the open 
border. 

Gmelin Remarks a rcfemblance between this plant and 
Azalea lapponica, which comes much nearer to Rho- 
dodendron/c^'otm : perhaps it was this obfervation that 
led Murray in the j 3th and 14th editions of the Syftema Ve- 
getabilium to quote Lsdum groenlandiatm of the Flora Danica 
(Tbe Labrador 'Tea) as a f \ nonym ; an error which Pallas 
has properly corrected. The leaves, which are dotted on both 
fides, continue all the Winter on the plant in Siberia and, as 
in our fpecimen, change to a brown colour ,• it fometimes 
however happens with us that all of them fall off before the 
appearance of the flowers. The leaves and more efpecially 
the bark have a itrong aromatic tafte and fmell, and the fcales 
of the flower-buds diffufe this odour fome diflance ; but, when 
feparated from thefe, the flowers themfelves appear to us to 
be fcentlefs. 

Our drawing was made at the garden of E. J. A. Wood- 
ford, Efq. of Vauxhall, from a very fine fpecimen, which 
began to expand its bloffoms in the open air in the beginning 
of January, and was then removed under fhelter. 



Errata in Fasciculo postremo. 

N. 621, lin. 20, pro hujus operh? lege Babiana Jirida (a.) hujus operis, 
infra n. 637. 

N. 634. p. 2. 1. 6, fro it is lege that the fiem is. 

K. 627, Ha. 1 & 8. fro cl^arven/e lege algarvtxjis m 



I°63J 




yd SJmri <U Tut Sv T.Curtis S*L 



j-fi'-fre/re/?/-.! 



FSan/e, 



an/cm. scup. 



[ 6 37 ] 
Babiana Stricta (ol). Dark-Blue- 
Flowered Upright Babiana. 

BABIANA ftri£Ia.—Vide fupra N am - 621. 

(«) Corolla faturate cierulea, tubo et bafi laciniarum e purpureo- 
nigris. Soland. Hort. Kew. 1. 63. Willd. Sp. PL 1. 220. 

IXIyE villofe var. Jacq. fragm. p. 22. n. 76. tab, 14. /. 3. 



This very beautiful variety was introduced into Kew 
gardens by Mr. Masson. We did not obferve whether it had 
the fame fcent as its co-fpecies given N° 624. r 

Our drawing was taken at the Nurfery of Meilrs. tOL- 
ville's, King's-Road, Chelfea. ' ' 

Tacouin has publifhed a beautiful figure of it in his 
Fracmenta, feveral numbers of which have been lately re- 
ceived in England. G. 



Erratum. 
N- 576, p. 2, Bn. H> P'° N ° 339* ^ N " 539- 



N°6dS 




SyJEJm^&j Jlil ly T.Curtif £*Gec>:Cre/cenl Apr 



C 6 3 S ] 

Babiana Spathacea. Stiff-Leaved 
Babiana. 

Oafs and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — Vid. N um - 576. 

Specific Char after and Synonyms. 

XABlANAfpatbaceas foliis plicatis rigidiffimis pungentibus, 
braclea fpathaeformi ariftata, fpathis imbricatis fub- 
ariftatis nudis turgefcentibus, tubo longo : laciniis 
regulari-patentibus. G. 

GLADIOLUS fpathaceus. Thunb. Diff. n. 25. prod. 9. Linn. 
Suppl. 96. IVilld. Sp. PL 1. 22i. 



Leaves narrow, linear-lanceolate, villofe, (thofe of old 
plants with us commonly naked, but thofe of the younger 
bulbs always pubefcent) very rigid, deeply plicate, terminating 
m an awn-like prickle, petioles long, widened at their bafes. 
Stem from four inches to near three feet high, with from two 
to four adprefled branches and an upper fpathe-like brafte or 
cauline leaf with a very long awn ; rachis fcarcely flexuofe, many- 
flowered. Spathes imbricate-diftich, largifh, fomewhat mem- 
branous, naked, fmooth, twice fhorter than the corolla, awncd- 
acuminate and fometimes torn. Corolla narrow-funnel-formed, 
upright : tube filiform, ftraight : fegments divided to the tube, 
than which they are twice fhorter, linear-oblong, alternate 
ones inclined to lanceolate, all regularly patent, turbinately 
contracted downwards, three of them generally terminated by 
a loft mucro. Anthers incumbent, linear, above the bafe of 
the fegments, beneath the ftigmas. In fome luxuriant dried 
native fpecimens the fpathes are pellucid and their awns fome- 
thing longer than with us. The leafl pubefcent of its family 
yet known to us. Found by Thunberg at the Cape in 
■Rockland and Hantum flowering during our winter months. 
As yet, we fuppofe, only in the collection of Mr. Alderman 
Wibbert, at Clapham, by whom it has been lately imported 
£nd with whom it flowered in June laft, molt probably for the 
n nt time in Europe. G. 



[ 639 ] 

Gentiana Ciliata. Fringed-Flowered 

Gentian. 

jh%s H t $ » » f4 ♦♦* ■ ♦♦ ♦ ♦# ♦ 

C/j/j and Order. 
Pentandria Digynia. 

Generic Characler. 

Cor. monopetala. Caff. 2-valvis, l-locularis: Receptacuns 2 
longitudinalibus. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

GENTIANA «//*/* t corollis quadrifidis margine ciliatis. 

Sp. PI. 334. /W//Vj&. iV. n. 260. G«*/. £#** 

4. p. 105. ». 73. Scop. Cam. 1. p. 176. ». 

287. Jacq. Aufir. t. 113. Mzr/y» Mill. Did. 

n. 44. Allioni Fed, 555. 
GENTIANA corollis quadrifidis, laciniis ferratis medio 

incifo-ciliatis, foliis lanceolatis lineanbufque, 

caule flexuofo angulato. Froelich. Gent. p. 109. 

n. 43. Willd. Spec. 1. 1351. 
GENTIANA corollis quadrifidis incifuris ciliatis. Pallas 

Rojs ; 2. p. 101. U 92. /. 2. 0. b. 
GENTIANA flore quadrifido, ore cihato. Hall. Helv. w j°53' 
GENTIANA anguftifolia autumnalis minor, flonbus ad latera 

pilofis. Bauh. Pin. 188. 
GENTIANELLA cserulea oris pilofis. Bauh. Pin. 108. lr(/n. 

fig. lig. l. • • n 

GENTIANA autumnalis, folio centaurn minons, ilore ca> 
ruleo. Hurt. Eyjl. Autum. ord. 2. t. 3. /. 2. 



It appears uncertain whether the European, he Aims 
rican, and the Afiatic fpecies are the fame ; our plant the 
Siberian variety, and correfponds with the figure and dcfcnp- 
tion given by Pallas, except that the ttalk in his is quite 
erea. That figured in Flora Danica, t. 317, a native office- 



land, feems to be a diftinfci fpecies with quinquifid corollas and 
five ftamens. 

In Jacquin's figure of the European variety, the fegments 
of the calyx are more equal, blunt, and fhort ; and Scopoli 
defcribes four nectariferous glands at the bafe of the germ, 
which we could not difcover in our plant ; the American 
variety has broader leaves and larger flowers. 

In this the leaves are fubconnate, linear-lanceolate, acute, 
keeled underneath, the edges rolled back ; Peduncles long, 
angular, and hollow ; Calyx four-cornered, alternate feg- 
ments longer, more acuminate, fharper keeled ; Tube of 
the corofia veined in ftripes, longer than the calyx : limb 
four-cleft: fegments twifted, oblong, obtufe, deeply fringed at 
the fides. Siamens 4 : filaments flat, concave, diftinct but by 
approximation forming a tube round the germ, inferted into 
the bafe of the corolla: Anthers yellow, incumbent. Germ 
raifed on a pedicel, fquarifh, twilled, unilocular : feeds very 
many. Style hardly any : fligmas orbiculate, fo as to give the 
appearance of the flower's being monogynous, but when more 
carefully examined is found to be bipartite. Said by Pallas 
to be biennial, but is really perennial ; for although the 
flowering plant appears always to perjfn, yet it throws up a 
fucceflion of young ones, at a confiderable diftance from the 
parent, clofe to the edge v of the pot; hence it feems to be 
one of thofe plants which are continually drifting their place 
of growth, as if the fame earth could not for a fucceflion of 
years (upply them necelfary nourifhment. Flowers in Autumn. 

Raifed from Siberian feeds by Mr. Loddidges, Nurfery- 
man at Hackney. Is hardy, and requires a treatment fnniiar 
to other alpine plants. 



^Ojo 




Jfl ZttmgrJrJd _PlC& &J T, ( , 



[ 6 4 o ] 
Lonicera Implexa. Minorca Honey- 

SUCKLE. 

Oafs and Order, 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic CharacJer, 

Cor, monopetala irregularis, Bacca polyfperma 2-locuIaris 
infera. 

Specific CharacJer and Synonyms. 

LONICERA implexa ; floribus ringentibus verticillatis, brae- 
teis laevibus, foliis perennantibus glabris ob- 
longis : fuperioribus connato-perfoliatis : fum- 
mis dilatatis. Hort. Kew. 1, p. 231, Willi. Sp, 
PI, 1. p. 984. 



The Minorca Honey-Suckle belongs to the divifion of Peri- 
clymenum, and approaches very near to Lonicera Caprifolium, 
differing principally in having fmall evergreen leaves, which 
on the lower part of the plant are narrower with ftraight fides ; 
branches intricately interwoven ; whorls containing fewer 
flowers ; tube of the corolla ftraighter and fegments of the limb 
fliorter in proportion. The flowers are pale coloured, ftreaked 
with red, white within when firft expanded, but changing to 
yellow as in the common Woodbine. 

If lefs fliewy than fome other fpecies, it certainly yields to 
none in fragrance, and bloffoms abundantly from Midfummer 
to Michaelmas. 

Is hardy, but thrives beft in a fheltered fituation. At the 
Dowager Lady De Clifford's, from whofe very curious 
collection of exotics, at Paddington, our drawing was taken 
in July 1801, it flourifhed with great vigour in the open air, 
m front of the confervatory. 

May be propagated by cuttings, as other Honey-Suckles are. 

Introduced, according to Hort. Kew. about the year 1772, 
by Monf. Richard. Never before figured. 



N%t1 




(rec'i'refct'nl Api 



[ 6 4 i ] 

Melanthium Eucomoides. Dwarf 

Melanthium. 

CAz/} dr»^ Order. 
Hexandria Trigynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. o. Cor. unguiculato-hexapetala feu 6-partita unguibus in 
tubum concretis. Germina 3 junfta fupera flylis acuminata. 
Stigmata obfoleta. Capful* uniloculares introrfum conjun&ze 
'ftorfumque dehifcentes, flylis perfiftentibus roitratze. Semina 
plurima rotunda. G. 

O B s . ^fl^/V ^«/£ w j- tunicatus. Folia 3 — 5 , perraro plura, dificha, caulina, 
Plana, minus fape fiflulofa, infra vaginantia. Scapus de breviffimo et fere 
fullo fpeciatim bipedalis vel ultra evadit ; rachis vel pedunculi angulati. 

'ores nudi fpicati, aut paniculato-racemofi, nunc etiam umbellati. Filamenta 
Mguibus velfummo tubo inftjlentia. Capfula coriaceo-membranace# nodulofa 
rarms fubinflattz. Anne Melanthium viride revera bujus generis ? 

Pcctes Americana et Indica certe depellenda?, Veratro forjan adjicienda 
a M m alt erum Jive in plura colliganda genera. Wurmbe a omnino congemr 
*««• relata. G. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

MELANTHIUM eucomoides ; unguibus laciniarum corollse 
comprefTo-ftipitiformibus, laminis ovato- 
acuminatis infra membranaceo-auclis in- 
trorfum ventricofe conniventibus, longitu- 

y dine unguium. G. 

MELANTHIUM eucomoides. Jacq. ic. rar. 2. t. 452. Coll. 
fuppl. 104. Willd. Sp. PL 2. 269. 



•Bulb tunicated, ovate, acuminate, integument dark brown. 

*udex fometimes wholly under ground, and nearly ob- 

• £ te > at other times 3 — 4 inches above it, covered by the 

bricate cowled equitant bafes of the leaves, which are 

4—6, 



4 — 6 or even more, alternate, diftich, oblong-lanceolate, re- 
curved, fmooth and fomewhat mining with a middle longitu- 
dinal furrow, the upper ones ovate-lanceolate, fheathing the 
1 — 8 flowered umbel by the finus formed of their cowled 
bafes ; peduncles hid by the leaves, one-flowered, about an 
inch long, equal, thick, triquetral, attenuated downwards. 
Corolla terminal, fomewhat herbaceous, petals campanulately 
radiating from the crown of the peduncles; ungues thick, 
flefhy, compreffediy columnar; laminae fubmembranous, ftreak- 
ed, incurved at their fummits, and fubgibbous outwards, 
rolling inwards they embrace the bafes of the filaments which 
are brown, tumid, and (land on the upper extremity of the 
ungues, incurved, round, the length of laminae and ftyles ; 
anthers linear-oblong, purplifh brown above the points of 
the petals; pollen yellow. Styles patent upwards. Stigmas 
fmall brown points. Seeds about the uze of thofe of muitard. 
An inhabitant of the Cape, to be treated as a greenhoufe 
plant. Flowers in February. 

Our drawing was taken at the garden of Mr. Woodford, 
Vauxhall, a never-failing fource of rare and new plants, (/• 



T642 




dpi 'JSatHwJj Jei 



.C //r/f.r, (,',-, >: ( y ;y/r 



C 642 ] 

Massonia Pustulata. Shagreen-Leaved 

Massonia. 

# t ♦♦♦♦ ■♦ ♦♦♦♦♦ ♦♦♦%#» 

Clafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — Fid. N um - 559. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

MASSONIA pujlulata; acaulis, foliis orbicularis acutis diffite 
fulcato-ftriatis : tuberculis pyramidatis fine ordine 
denfis exafperatis, thyrfo umbellato-congefto, 
collo denudato-elevato. G. 

MASSONIA pujlulata. Jacq. Coll. 4. 177. apud Icones omiffa. 

MASSONIA fcabra. MSS. Bank/. Spec, capenfe Sp. v. con- 
Jervatum. Bot. Rep. tab. 46. 



Leaves round with a point, flat, recumbent, thick, leathery, 
of a deep fhining green ftreaked with feveral diftant furrow- 
like longitudinal lines converging at each end, upper furface 
thickly fet with fmall conic tubercles in the manner of fhagreen, 
but not befet with hairs, as in thofe of Massonia echinata. 
The braftes elliptic-lanceolate, large, foliaceous, hemming in the 
flowers like the calyx of a fyngenefious plant, equal to the 
top of the tube. Pedicles about half the length of the flower. 
Corolla of a watery green ; tube cylindric, twice longer than 
the fegment, equal to the ftamens that ftand on its neck, which 
is thickened, of a deeper green than any other part of the 
flower and, by the rolling back of the fegments of its outer 
coat below the bafes of the filaments, has the appearance 
of being prominent : fegments ovate-acuminate, convolute, 
concave, with a tranverle plait at their bale. Filaments 
firm, cyathiformly arranged, as it were mediately inferted, 
^hitifh ; ftyle about their length, fix-ftreaked. Stigma nearly 
obfolete, but, examined through a glafs, hiant and fringed. 

The 



The tube of the corolla is filled with a clear ne&areous liquid, 
■which rifing above the brim adds to the lingular appearance of 
the plant. 

Flowers in January ; without fcent ; of as eafy culture as 
Ixia, Gladiolus, or any other Cape bulb. 

Our drawing was taken at the Nurfery of Meff. Coi^vules, 
King's-Road. G. 



Wd& 




JrJ£j*ar»ir<u. Tub. by * T£Urlit, Jt&eo :Cre/ce.n£ Ap 



C 6 43 ] 

Lachenalia Lance^folia. Spotted 
Copperas-Leaved Lachenalia. 

Clafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — Vid. N um - 588. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

LACHENALIA lance afolia ; foliis lanceolato-acuminatis in 
orbem recumbentibus maculatis, pedunculis 
corolla campanulata triplo longioribus, la- 
ciniis recurvis : alternis revolutis depref- 
fioribus, germine ftipitato. G. 

LACHENALIA lance xfolia. Jacq. ic. rar. 2. tab. 402. Coll, 
fuppl. 69. Willd. Sp. PL 2. 178. 



Leaves many, lying in a crowded circle round the ftem, 
copperas-coloured, fpotted, fomewhat convolute upwards, and 
cowled at the bale. Stem round, attenuated downwards, 
'Weak, generally recumbently aflurgent, rachis interruptedly 
many-angled, owing to the decurrent bra&es, of which many 
are barren and fit clofe to the fide or under the fertile ones, 
all fmall and fubulate. Flowers with deflex filiform pedicels, 
three times longer than the corolla, fparfely, but often crowd- 
edly, difpofed in an oblong raceme. Corolla regular, deeply 
fix-parted, virefcent upwards, within thickfet with liver- 
coloured confluent dots, fegments with their apices glandularly 
thickened and infle&edly-retufe, linear-oblong, equal, inner 
ones recurved to the bafe, outer ones revolute and thence 
ihorter ; when impregnation has taken place thefe all unroll, 
and converging proteft the germ while it ripens into a capfule. 
Stamens upright, adnate to the claws of the fegments, fhorter 
than ftyle and corolla. Style inclined, flightly curved, rather 
Sorter than corolla. Germ elevated within the corolla on a 

ftipitate 



ftipitate receptacle. A native of the Cape. Bulb and feed 
we had not an opportunity of obferving, but their defcription 
will be found in Jacquin. 

Our drawing was taken at the Nurfery of MefTrs. Grim- 
wood and Wykes, KenGngton, who imported the bulb from 
Paris with many other new and rare plants. 

We have feen a fpecimen having only three flowers and very 
narrow leaves. 

Flowers in October. G. 









M44 




Syd. \KJ»an&tfc/ '. JPu& h Tt ';/r/j 



[ 644 ] 

Lobelia Coronopifolia. Buck's-Horn 
Lobelia. 

4 %% ♦ ♦ ♦ *$$♦ ■ %#♦*$*# 

Clafs and Order. 

Syngenesia Monogamia. Linn, 

Pentandria Monogynia. Willd. Smith. Tbunh, 

Generic Charatler. 

CaL 5-fidus. Cor. l-petala, irregularis. Cap/, infera 2- feu 
3-locularis. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

LOBELIA coronopifolia ; foliis Ianceolatis dentatis, pedunculis 

longiffimis. Sp. PL 1322. Willd. Sp. 1. 952. Hort. 

Kew. 3. 286. 
LOBELIA foliis oblongis dentato-pinnatifidis, cauleque erecto 

hirtis, pedunculis elongatis. Thunb. Prod. 40. 
RAPUNTIUM folio longo profunde dentato, florum petalis 

longiffimis. Burm. Afr. 98. /. 38. f. 1. 
RAPUNTIUM tethiopicum ; flore caeruleo galeato, foliis co- 

ronopi. Herm. Afr. 1 8. Breyn. Cent. t. 88. 



This is a fhewy plant from the fize of its flowers, which in 
brilliancy perhaps furpafs thofe of every other fpecies of Lo- 
belia, the delicacy of the blue colour is inimitable. It varies 
with folitary flowers and with two on each peduncle. A 
native of the Cape of Good Hope, from whence it was in- 
troduced into the Kew Gardens by Mr. Francis Masson, in 
1 7^7- Requires the fhelter of a greenhoiife in winter. 

Flowers in July and Auguft. 

Our drawing was taken at Mr. Woodford's, Vauxhall. 






INDEX. ♦ 

In which the Latin Names of $ 
the Plants contained : 



in the 

alpha- 



Sevenleentb Volume are 
betically arranged. 

PL 

605 Ariftea capitata. 

626 Babiana diiUcha. 

638 fpathacea." 

^37 ftrifta, njar. a.. 

621 ftricla, var. $. 

633 Caflia corymbofa. 

627 Ciltus algarvenfis. 

611 Epidendrum elongatum. 

612 Erica metulaeflora. 

639 Gentiana ciliata. 
602 Gladiolus anguftus. 

625 biandus. 

610 floribundus. 

632 Milleri. 

604 Jatropha panduraefoha. 

617 Ixia capillaris, war. incarnata. 

61 7 war. ftricta. 

630 

599 
623 
624 
607 
629 
598 
597 



- columellaris. 

- crifpa. 

- erefta. 

- flexuofa. 

- monadelpha. 

- pnlyftachia. 

- Rochenfis. 

- fecunda. 

643 Lachenalia lanceaefolia. 
606 Lapeyroufia juncea. 

644 Lobelia coronopifolia. 

640 Lonicera implexa. 
642 Maflbnia puftulata. 

641 Melanthium eucomoWes. 
6 1 5 Melafphaerula graminea. 

613 Moraa edulis. 
628 Petrea volubilis. 
603 Pothos cannaefolia. 

620 Pterofpermum acerifolium. 

634 Punica nana. 

636 Rhododendron dauricum. 

635 Scutellaria grandiflora. 
619 Stapelia radiata. 

618 Tritonia capenfis. 

622 deufta. 

609 miniata. 

614 Wachendorfia hirfuta. 



616 
601 
631 
fioo 
608 



panic u lata* 



Watfonia brevifolia. 
humilis. 



INDEX. 

In which the Englifh Names of 
tb.e Plants contained in the 

Seventeenth Volume are alpha- 
betically arranged. 
PL 

605 Ariftea, tailed. [ r *ff nt « 

637 Babiana, dark blue-flowered up- 

626 hyacinth- fcented. 

638 ftiff-leaved. 

621 upright. 

633 Caffia, corymbous. 

627 Ciftus, Algarve. 
625 Corn-flag, fa I reft. 

610 large-flowered. 

632 Miller's. 

602 narrow-leaved. 

6n Epidendrum, long-ftalked. 

639 Gentian, fringed-flowered. 
612 Heath, nine-pin. 

640 Honeyfuckle, Minorca. 

599 Ixia, Curl-leaved. 

617 

624 

629 

607 

597 
598 
623 
630 
617 

6 43 



[leaved, 
copperas- 



fleftvcoloured. 
1 fiexuofe. 

lily of the valley-fceiited 

monadelphous. 

one-ranked. 

plaid. 

upright. 

variegated. 

wire-ftemmed. 

Lachenalia, Ipotted 

606 Lapeyroufia, cut-leaved 
644 Lobelia, bucks horn. 
642 Maflbnia, fhagreen-leaved. 
641 Melanthium, dwarf. 
615 Melafpha?rula, grafs-leaved. 

613 Morxa, long-leaved. 
628 Petrea, twining. 

604 Phyfic-nut, fiddle-leaved. 

634 Pomegranate-tree, dwarf. 
603 Pothos, fweet-fcented. 

620 Pterofpermum, maple-leaved. 
636 Rhododendron, dotted-leaved. 

635 Scutellaria, large -flowered. 
619 Stapelia, ftarry. 

622 Tritonia, copper-coloured. 

609 late-flowering. 

618 long-tubed. 

614 Wachendorfia, hairy. 



iridifalia. i'or. fulgens. ♦ 
marginata. v 



paniclcd. 
Watfonia, lake-coloured. 

long-fpiked. 

fcarlet flag-leaved. 

Ihort-leaved. 



Printed by S. Coachman, Throgtnorton-Strcet, London. 



C U R TIS' S 

Botanical Magazine; 

O R, 

Flower-Garden Difplayed : 

IN WHICH 

The moll Ornamental Foreign Plants, cultivated in the 
Open Ground, the Green -Houfe, and the Stove, are 
accurately reprefented in their natural Colours. 

TO WHICH ARE ADDED, 

Their Names, Clafs, Order, Generic and Specific Charades, according 

to the celebrated Linn.sus ; their Places of Growth, 

and Times of Flowering : 

TOGETHER WITH 

THE MOST APPROVED METHODS OF CULTURE. 

A WORK 

Intended for the Ufe of fuch Ladies, Gentlemen, and Gardeners, at 
wifh to become fcientifically acquainted with the Plants they cultivate. 



CONTINUED BY 

JOHN SIMS, M.D. 

Fellow of the Linnean Society. 



VOL. XVIII. 



" The fame, hand, that raifed the Cedar, formed the Hyffop on the wall." 

Encycl. Brit. 



LONDON: 

Printed by Stephen Couchman, Throgmorton-Strect. 

Publifhed byT. CURTIS, N°3, St. Ge*rgi*Crefi*** Black-Friars-Road ; 

And Sold by the principal Bookfellers in Great-Britain and Ireland. 
MDCCCIII. 



W645 




,,%/./,/ ft<h. if T. Cur its ȣ*i 



C e*5 ] 

Gladiolus Blandus (var. y.) Pale-Purple 
Corn-Flag. 

#fr$ j#i|i ♦♦♦#♦♦♦♦ ♦** *■ 

Clafs and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — Fid. N os - 538 & 562. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 
GLADIOLUS blandus.— Vid.Jupra N um - 625. 
(y) Purpureo-albefcens. 



This is the ftrongeft and largeft variety of the three, and 
the fegments fomewhat fhorter and arranged in a wider or 
broader campanulate form than in the others. 

Our drawing was taken at the Nurfery of MeflVs. Grim- 
wood and Wykes, by whom it was raifed from feed. 0. 




W646 



FJLmtM Tub. byT.£urti*£&KC?tfarU:May.f.tS& Z&* 



C 646 ] 

Marica Paludosa. Marsh Marica. 

jS&. >'£..?&• & ijr in ifr 1 nit # A df njf ■ 4r &J&J&. »*». A. v«. 

*r *!* *i» '1* "V V •$• *t*^ «!» *p '1* T T» *!• "p "VjTTjr^r 3jT 

C/tf/jr and Order. 
Triandria Monocynia. 

Generic Charatler. — Vii. infra N um - 655. 

Specific Charaoler and Synonyms. 

MARICA paludofa; foliis petiolato-plicatis utrinque lamellato- 
coftatis caule terete plurimum altioribus ; corollae 
laciniis intimis erectioribus minimis cochleari- 
concavis apice recurvulis. G. 

MARICA paludofa. Willi. Sp. PL 1. 246. Mart. Mill. Did. 

MARICA Cipura. Gruel. Syfi. Nat. 118. 

CI PUR A paludofa. Aubl. Guian. 1. p. 38. /. 13. 

Root a round tunicated bulb covered with membranous in- 
teguments. Leaves radical, about a foot high, narrow-lan- 
ceolate, laxly plicate, three-nerved or thereabouts, with lon- 
gitudinal parallel lamellofe ribs, thin, grafs-green, quite fmooth, 
far-acuminate, upright, fpringing from even petiole-like con- 
volute fubmembranous bafes, equitant near ( the bulb. Stem 
round, fhort, ftrieT:, terminated by the flower-fafcicle, which 
rifes from the bofom of a two-valved involucre, the outer 
valve of which is fimilar to the leaves and though fmaller yet far 
longer than the fafcicle and even with the fummits of the other 
leaves, inner valve feveral times lefs, convolute. Pedicles of 
the fafcicle equal to their valves, one-flowered ; flowers feveral, 
expanding in fucceffion, and but of very fhort duration; a 
defcription of them will be found in the generic character and 
obfervation intended to accompany two other fpecies in the 
next fafciculus. A native of Guiana, where it was found by 
Aublet in moift meadows (Savannahs) at the foot of Mount 
Courou, flowering in Auguft ; he fays it varies with blue 
flowers. Our drawing was made at Mr. Woodford's, who 
received it from the Botanic Garden of the Ifland of St. 
Vincent's ; with him it flowered laft year in June, mod pro- 
bably for the firft time in Europe. It requires to be kept in 
l he tan-pit of the ftove. 

Why has Schreber changed Aubl ex's original name of 
Cipura for Marica ? G. 



F64] 




SviElmn&j,/. Pui.hTCUrtu Stt 



[ 647 ] 
Gladiolus Undulatus (var. a.) Waved- 
Flowered Corn-Flag. 

»V \'r «,!», »l»AJ..l.AAil.«t«il»«I» jtfe. A A | ^t A A 
•qt $ 'Jp' JfB ip Jfl Jf» V|l V *5* v Tr "P i W v "P 'i* *** 

Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler.—Fid. N BS - 538 & 562. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

GLADIOLUS undulatus.—Fid.fupra A 7 *" 1 - 538. 

(*) Corolla luteo-fqualens vittis livido-purpurafcentibus per- 
curfa ; tubo nunc fpatha aliquantulo breviore, nunc equali, 
nonnunquam altiori. G. 



This is a far left elegant variety than (/3) N° 538 of this 
vork, has generally narrower larger flowers, and may be 
eonfidered by many' as deferving to be ranked as a feparatc 
fpecies; but from the obfervation of long cultivation and the 
variations of the fame bulb in different years, we think it is 



a mere variety. 



mere vaneiv. 

Our drawing was taken at the Nurfery of Meflrs. Grim^ 
wood and Wyk.es, Kenhngton. G. 




fflttf 

m 



jua.*jtM™ I'iw h /"'' ///■//. 



C 6 4 8 ] 

Gladiolus Bl andus (var. 3.) Snow-White 
Corn-Flag. 

jV *!» jSf jl» ■>'*..i 1 't..5 r <£.,>Si. ill ^'L.^'L.jfjt.'f* .& J& .>'* ■>'*«&. 
TJSTjnjT TB <j» <j> <j> Sj» «j* 'j» <jv 'i» «i* *l* V v l v T* T* 

C/j/} rttfi Order, 
Triandria Monogynia. 

GwmV Character— Vid. N 05 - 538 & 562. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

GLADIOLUS blandus.—Vid. fupra N um - 625. 
(|3) Niveus laccato-emarcefcens. 



A mere variety of the fpecies above referred to. Generally 
a lower plant than the other two. 

Our drawing was taken at the Nurfery of Meflrs. Grim- 
wood and Wykes, Kcnfington. Q. 



MM 




' /-/ Pub. if ( }/r/?'.r . l v & ;■:( >v /t , 



C 6 49 ] 

Protea Cordifolia. Heart-Leaved 

Protea. 

#*♦ ifr i j i » ■•» »» » »♦ ♦ ♦ *♦ $$ 

Clafs and Order, 
Tetrandria Monogynia. 
Generic Character. 

Cor. 4-petala (petalis fubinde vario modo cobaerentibus). 
Anther<e infertas petalis infra apicem. Sent. i, fuperum, 
nudum. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 
PROTEA cordata; foliis cordatis. Thunb. Dijf. n. 60. /. 5. 
/. i. Wild. Sp. PL t. 535. Murr.SyJl. Veg. 142. 
Gmelin. Syjl. Nat. 225. Bot. RepoJ. t. 289. 

This beautiful dwarf fpecies of Protea flowered the beginning 
of laft March at Mr. Woodford's, Vauxhall, as we fuppofed, 
for the firft time in Europe ; but, fince our engraving was pre- 
pared for publication, we learn from a figure in the Botanical 
Repofitory, that a fimilar plant has alfo flowered this feafon 
at Meflrs. Lee and Kennedy's Nurfery at Hammerfmith. 

Stalks always of a bright red colour, not branched except 
very near the root, flexuofe, from a fpan to a foot long. 
Leaves alternate, heart-fhaped, of a pale glaucous green colour, 
quite entire, with a red cartilaginous margin. Stipulae three 
or four, linear-lanceolate, deciduous. Flower feffile, very near 
the root : fcales of the calyx or involucrum imbricate, oblong- 
ovate, obtufe, of a purplifh red colour, very bright in the fun- 
fhine, with a fcariofe margin. Florets crowded on a flat re- 
ceptacle : claws of the petal chaffy, diaphanous, three of them 
united and one diftinft. The three concave fegments of the 
limb of the coalefced petals enclofe three of the linear anthers 
in fuch a manner as exa&ly to reprefent a large bilocular 
anther ; fo that to a fuperficial obferver the floret would appear 
to be diandrous, having one large and one (lender anther, the 
latter ftanding confiderably above the former from the greater 
length of the folitary petal. The germ is furrounded by a dull- 
purple coloured pappus. 

A native of the Cape of Good Hope, firft difcovered by 
Thunberg in the mountains of Hottentot's Holland and near 
the river Zonder-End. Should be kept in a very airy part of 
the greenhoufc and planted in a loamy foil. May be propagated 
by cuttings. 



tfrfdO 




U JkAhZOtrti 



tttJ/av f. 



C 650 ] 

Rhododendron Ponticum. Purple 
Rhododendron. 

Clafs and Order. 
Decanoria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. 5-partitus. Cor. infundibuliformis. Stamina declinata. 
Cap/. 5-locularis. 

Specific Char abler and Synonyms. 

RHODODENDRON ponticum; foliis nitidis Ianceolatis 

utrinque glabris, racemis terminalibus. 
Spec. PL 562. Jacq. Icon. rar. 1, /. 78. 
Pail. Roff. 1. p. 43. /. 29. Hort. Kem. 
2. p. 6j. Martin Mill. Dicl. 

RHODODENDRON ponticum; foliis oblongis glabris utrin- 
que concoloribus, corymbis termina- 
libus, corollis campanulato-rotatis pe- 
talis Ianceolatis. IViild. Arb. 285. 
Ejufdem Sp. PL 2. p. 606. 

CHAM^ERHODENDROS pontica maxima, folio lauro- 

ccrafi. Tourn. Cor. 42. //. 2. p. 99. 



This beautiful ever-green fhrub is a native of Gibraltar, the 
Levant, and of Georgia, particularly on the fouthern fide of 
Mount Caucafus, growing in the rocky moift woods of beech 
and alder, and fometimes acquiring the height of eight or nine 
feet. As Pallas had no opportunity of procuring a living 
fpecimen in bloffom from Caucafus, his figure was taken from 
the Gibraltar variety, familiar as he fays to the Englifli gardens ; 
and he doubts if this be the fame fpecies with that defcribed by 
Tournefort; becaufe he fays it wants the fpots on the 
broader fegment of the flower. Whether we were really at 

firft 



firft fupplied with this plant from Gibraltar, and the one here 
figured, now become fo extremely common, has been fince 
raifed from feeds imported from Afia, we know not : but our 
plant certainly agrees in every refpecl: with the defcription of 
Touknefort, and differs from that of Pallas, not only in 
having the woadeft lacinia of the corolla fpotted with orange 
colour, but alfo in having all the laciniae obtufe, which are 
both figured and defcribed by him as acute. 

Tournefort fuppofed that the narcotic deleterious honey 
familiar to the inhabitants of Georgia and known to the an- 
cients, being particularly mentioned both by Dioscorides 
and Pliny, owed its origin to the flowers of the Rhododen- 
dron poniictim ; but later travellers have, with more proba- 
bility, attributed this quality to the honey gathered from the 
flowers of Azalea pontic^ fee No. 443 of this work. 

A middling-lized Rhododendron, which had been fomewhat 
forced, (landing in a very light airy bow-window facing the 
North, produced a large drop of very pellucid neclar at the 
bafe of the broadeft fegment of each corolla: as the flower 
decayed, this drop moftly cryftallized, a number of thefe cryftals 
was collected, five of which weighed a grain ; they were very 
tranfparent, refembling in appearance and tafte the pureft 
white fugar-candy : the fame has been obferved in fome degree, 
but not nearly to the fame extent, on fome other trees fimilarly 
fituated. 

Is a hardy evergreen, but apt to be injured by late frofts ; 
loves a moift foil and fhady fituation ; bears forcing remarkably 
well, and in this ftate great numbers have of late years been 
brought to the London markets, to ornament our houfes in 
the Spring. Introduced about the year 1763. May be pro- 
pagated by layers, which is the moft expeditious mode of 
having large trees, but can be eafily raifed from feed, and fuch 
plants are much the handfomeft, and will flower in three or 
four years. 



C 6 5 i ] 

Passiflora Serratifolia. Notch-Leaved 
Passion-Flower. 

Clafs and Order. 
Gynandria Pentandria. L. 

MONADELPHIA PENTANDRIA. Sw. Willd. 

Generic Charatter. 

Trigyna. Cal. 5-phyllus. Petala 5. Neclarium corona* 
Bacca pedicellata. 

Specific Charatler. 

PASSIFLORA Jerratifolia ; foliis indivifis ovatis ferratis. 

Syft. Veget. 821. Spec. PL 1355. Hort - ^ €W - 

3. p. 306. Am<en. Acad. 1. p. 217. /. 1. 

Mart. Mill. DicJ. a. 1. Jticq. Hort. t. 10. 
PASSIFLORA foliis ovatis venofis fubferrulatis, petiolis bfc 

glandulofis, involucro triphyllo. Willd. Spec. 

PL 3. p. 606. 
PASSIFLORA foliis ovato-oblongis ferrulatis, corolla caly- 

cem fuperante. Cav. Dijf. 10. p. 452. /. 279. 
GRANADILLA americana, folio oblongo levker ferrato, 

petalis ex viridi rubefcentibus. Mart. Cent. 

36. /. 36. 



The P ass if lor a Jerratifolia is a native of Surinam, and 
confequently requires to be kept constantly in the bark ftove, 
where it flourilhes vigoroufly and produces plenty of flowers 
through the greateft part of the Summer, which are both 
pleafant to the eye and very agreeably fcented. 

Was firft raifed in the Apothecaries Garden at Chelfea, in 
the year 1731, from feeds fent by Houston. 

Our drawing was made at Mr. Woodford's, Vauxhall. 



NTfc* 




" ?* EJwardr »<£«/. 7 u/' . h~V 1~. 



C 652 ] 

Crocus Susianus. Cloth of Gold 

Crocus. 

•$ -jMriMMNHftE $ ff f f, jiff fr j t ♦ 

CA?/} a»^ Order. 

Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Spaiha 2-valvis, l-flora, hyalino-membranacea, valvaintima 
peranguftior, acuminata, altera contenta ; Cor. fupera, termi- 
nals, infundibuliformis, ere&a ,• tubus elongatus partim fub- 
terraneus ; limbus fubaequaliter fexpartitus, regularis, amplus. 
Stigm. 3, convoluta fenfim criftato-dilatata vel fummatim erofa 
aut raultifida. G. 

Obs. Radix lulbo-tuhr veftitum, infra radieans, alia plura (rarius 
unicumj jubbifcapifera Juperne (quandoque lateraliter) evohens, ijia dunt 
increfcunt et expandunt prijlinum mox evanidum, exfugunt opprimuntque. 
Corolla lacinia oblonga vet Jublanceolata , tubus a fpatba vaginatus. Folia 
plura., radicalia, circumjlantia, angufta, acuto-linearia, earinata, a vaginis 
pluribus membranacets radicalibus imbricatis longe fafciata. Scapi fubge- 
minatiy l-flori, angulatiy alte Jubterranei. Filam. brevia, anther arum 

ferme longitudine y erecla fumrno tubo impojita, Jlylum filiformem Jlipaniia 2 

Jligmata fapius inaqualia. Capfula recondita. G. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

CROCUS Jufmnus pauciflorus, bulbo groffe reticulato maculis 
irregularibus apertis ; laciniis extimis corollas fupra 
perfiftenter revolutis •> ftigmatibus antheris femi- 
fuperantibus. G. 

CROCUS vernus latifolius flavo-vario flore. Chtf. Hi ft. 206. 

CROCUS vernus aureus variegatus. Hart. eyjl. hyem. tab. x. 

As- 

CROCUS vernus flore aureo-rutilante. Tbcalr. Flor. Paris. 
CROCUS vernus latifolius flavo-varius. Rudb. Ely/. 121./. iv, 
CROCUS vernus aureo-rutilante. Vallet Jard. du Roi. 
CROCUS luteus lineis nigris. Sivert. floril. fol. 5./. 3. 
CROCUS vernus latifolius flavo-varius. Baub. Pin. I. i.J. 2. 

p. 66. 
CROCUS vernus luteus verficolor primus. Park. Parad. p. 
166. n. 24. /. 163. /. n. 
Hie et Crocus vernus (nobis mxi'iaciisj fupra 4,5, a Croco verno 
(flore violaceo) recedunt prxprimis ore tub:' nudo, nee ut in illo pilis glanduloftt 
claufo. G. 

We believe our prefent plant to be as fpccifkally dHlinft 
from the one already figured N° 45 of this work under the 

name 



name of Crocus vermis, as any one fpecies of this natural 
order is from its nearelt neighbour or relative. This has its 
bulb clothed with coarle wiry-fibrous netted coverings, the 
outermoft one of which has large irregular-fhaped interfaces, 
the coverings of that are fmooth fcariofe fhell-like membranes, 
clofely ribbed with fine parallel fibres without the above- 
mentioned kind of interftices. This is a fmaller plant in all 
its parts, producing about two flowers from each mother-bulb, 
whereas that throws up many in fucceffion ; this expands its 
flowers in all weathers, the three outer fegments of which up- 
wards are rolled back and continue fo even when the flower is 
clofed in the evening, never returning to a ftraight pofition ; 
in that the flowers expand only in clear or warm weather, and 
while in vigour all the fegments open uniformly (none being 
revolute) and clofe in the fame manner towards evening ; in 
this the fligmas are narrower cowled-convolute, of a°deep 
orange colour, and reach half their length above the anthers; 
in that they are convolute and flatly comprefTed, yellow, with 
their fummits fomewhat below the tops of the anther? \ this is 
the earlieft blower, and feems more eafily affected by froft 
while in bloom. Mr. Salisbury of the Botanic Garden, 
Brompton, where our drawing was taken, informs us, tliit he 
never obferved this fpecies to feed with him, though ntoft others 
do freely. This fpecies (fo charatf erifticaijy figured in marry of 
the older books, particularly in the Harms E/.fieitcnfis) was 
received by Clusius at Frankfort, about the year 1587, from 
Condantinople, as was the Crocus vermis of this work (our 
tn<f>JiacHs) from near Belgrade ; both may be eafily diftinguifhed 
from the purple-flowered Crocus vermis (which we iuppofe 
to be a native of our parts of Europe and is the lateft flowerer 
of the three) by not having the mouth of their tube clofed by 
a ring oi glandular entangled hairs ; to this laft the fpecific 
name of vermis may he continued. 

The observations of J acquis* and Ehrhart, from which wo 
were led to look for and afcertain the exigence of the fecond 
valve in the fpathe of this genus and correa an error fanBioned 
by the names of Linnj.us and Jussieu, were kindly pointed 
out to us by Mr. C. Konig, a gentleman from whom the 
public may fhortly expeQ much uteful information in a pe- 
riodical work, the firft number of which is now in the prefs, 
and which is to confift of tranflations of trafts as yet little* 
known amongft us, from all languages, with notes and obfer- 
vanon,<. Jacquin, when he fays that the valves are three 
and lometimes four, feems to us to have miftaken the fheatb 
envelopes the Items for the valve. G\ 




i$*JS*«* m ;/<„/, fa z 



tfaU, 4 



C 653 3. 

Ornithogalum Revolutum. Revolute- 
Flowered Star-of-Bethlem. 

Oafs and Order. 

IIexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. 6-partita, bafi ftaminifera, infra connivens fupra patens 
aut fimpliciter rotato-patens, perfiftens. Filum. 3, alterna 
deorfum dilatata. Stigma 1. Cap/. 3-locularis. Sem. fubro- 
tunda, nuda. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

ORNITHOGALUM revolutum; racemo oblongiufculo, la- 

ciniis ovalibus tandem revoluto-con- 
vexis, ftylo fubulato germine duplo 
breviore, ftigmate fubtrilobo-capitato, 
lobulis fimbriatis fubdecurfivis canali- 
culato dehifcentibus. G. 

ORNITHOGALUM revolutum. Jacq. Hort. Schoenb. 1. 46. 

t. 89. IVilld.Sp. PL 2. 118. 

Obs. Spatba in nojiro fpecimine virefcentes, in Jacquiniano jphacelato- 
fufcefcentes, fcariofa ; variatio in plantis bulhfis capenfibus bic cultis Japif- 
fime occurrens. G. 



Root a tunicated bulb. Leaves all radical, 3—6 inches 
long, patently recurved round the item, linear-lanceolate, 
thickifh, fubcoriaceous, without prominent nerves (when viewed 
through a magnifier both furfaces appear roughened like 
fhagreen by innumerable clofe glandular points) rather flat 
upwards, channelled downwards, edged with a very (lender 
white cartilage minutely ciliate. Scape about eight inches high, 
upright, round, polifhed, terminated by a fomewhat conic- 
oblong raceme of white flowers with a round darkifh (lain at 
their bafe, quite fcentlefs ; braBes acuminately lanceolate, 
convolute, fome of the lower ones the length of the pedicles, 
upper ones gradually fliorter, green or fcariofe and brownifh. 
Corolla rotate, fegments before they decay revolute as to their 
tfhole circumference, hence linear convex, outer ones fome- 
what 



what obovate and often emarginate or fligluly tridentate, inner 
ones ova!, more acute, entire. Filaments three times Ihorter 
than corolla, into the bale of which they are inferted, fubulate, 
upright-incurved, convolutely channelled downwards, mem- 
branoufly winged towards their bafes which are adprefled to 
the germ, the three alternate ones oppofite the inner fegments 
have thefe flatly expanded and fometimes lengthened upwards 
into two connivent teeth, but not fo remarkably fo as in mod 
other fpecies, thofe of the three others are convolute and hence 
much narrower in appearance. Anthers verfatile, fplitting at 
both ends, fixed inwards to the points of the filaments and 
burfting towards the pitlil which is equal to the ftamens ; 
germ oblong-oval, bluntly trigonal, black-green, ftreaked by 
'fix parallel lines continued along the ftyle ; fligma confifting 
of three fmall yellowifh dehif cent-fringed creftlcts. 

We had never feen it in any collection until we obferved it 
lad Spring at MefTrs. Grimwood and Wykes's, and another 
variety at Mr. Salisbury's Botanic Garden this Spring, both 
imported from the Cape. 

Flowers in March, and requires the treatment of the hardier 
Cape bulbs, that is, to be kept in the greenhoufe and planted 
in light earth. 

Ornithocalum aureum (fupra 190J is Ornithogalum 
thyrfoides (x) of Hort. Kew. Ornithogalum flavefcens of 
Jacquin, and Ornithogalum thyrfoides [a) and Ornitho- 
galum aureum ($ and y) of Willdenow. Ornithogalum 

thyrfoides ((3) of Hort. Kew. is the thyrfoides of Jacquin, Hort. 
Vind. and^ of Miller's plates, t. 192. Certainly a diftinft 
fpecies. G. 




T6S4 



S«J Eih.,r,l< ,/„' Pub- by Zl 'urfir, ?fffu>, ■( W//m/ . J '<'-/ f 



I 6 5 4 ] 

Marica Northiana. Broad-Stemmed 
Marica. 

-iHfr-^MHlHfe^lllM fifr ♦ ♦♦♦♦■ 

Clafs and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Charafter. 

Involucrum 2-valve ; Spatha: 1 -valves, l-florae, inclufae. Cor. 
hexapetaloideo-fexpartita, lacinise intimae minores. Fil. dif- 
creta, ftyli angulis oppofita, antheris breviora, difco glandulofo 
corollae infiftentia. Stigm. 3, re&iflima, turbinato-divergentia. 
(fsepius in compagem alato-triquetram & 3 canal iculatam cujus 
angulis antherse affiguntur ahius breviufve coalita), fummatim 
hiamia vel breviter fifla & fubbilabiata, ftvlo longiora. Cap/. 
columnariter elongata, tereti-trigona, polyfperma, apice latius 
denudata. G, Marica. Schreb. Cipura. Aubl. & Juff. 

Obs. Plant a herbacea perennantes in paludihus iff ad margines fluminum 
America Auflralioris pnvenientes. Radix vel bulbus tunicatus vel de rhi- 
zomate fibrofa. Folia in bulbofis petiolaia, plicata y in fibrojis enjiformia, 

plana. Spatha congejlim & alternation adverfa y invuem conduplicanter 
amplex<£> ab involucre in fafciculum comprejj'um coarclata. Hires plum 

fucccjfiveprodeuntes. Corolla involuto-marcefcens y decldua y fapius fugacifjlma ; 
lacinia intima polymorpha, fere femper perexiguiores extimijque admodum 
dijjimiles. Stamina angulis Jlyli triquetri exacle oppofita, anthcra linear- - 
oblonga in plurimis prima libera mox facundationtm abfohentcs anguhs 
<ompagisfligmatofa humore vifcofojam madentis per files locuhsintus rondupli- 
cantibus equitanter prehendunt iifque appicla manent ; wide arrecla fuftinentur 

fila»:enta y qua, ft huncce admoto acufolvas nexum, fuccidunt detenfa. Capf. 
cartihigineo-coriacea, trifariam dehifcens. Sem. in ftngulis loculis biferiaiia r 

fubfpharicea, fapius fubangulat a. TiCRruiA (fupra fflij a Fe RRarja 

'jegre°ti>ida, Maric/e proximier, a qua (commode quidem, forfan -vera 
minis artifciofej diftinguenda fil amenta eun'iadato tereti antheris pralongiore, 

jhloqne '■ jtigmatibus femififfis pluries longiore; cateris compar. Stamina 

fuciebuswterungularibus btlabiatis fligmaium accumkntia ab utrijquefecernunt 
Iridkm & MoRiEAM. Hue Iris martiniccniis (fupra \\b Jforjanque 
SisyrjnchiuM palmiiolium Linnai. ' G- 

Specific 



Specific CharacJer and Synonyms. 

MAR.ICA northiana ; vivipara, fubbarbata, foliis enfiforraibus 
flabellatim diftichis, caule alato-enfiformi toto ab 
involucriextima valva folioformi concreto-vaginato, 
laciniis extimis fubdeflexis. G. 

FERRARI A elegant. Salifb. Prod. Hort. 42. 

MORvEA northiana. Kern. Hort. Semp. t. Bot. Rep. t. 255. 



Root fibrous ; caudex fhort, generally hid by the laterally 
far imbricate equitant bafes of the leaves, which are 2 — 3 feet 
high, linear-lanceolate, flat, polifhed, with a lateral excifion 
on their inner fide for half their length, ftiffened from below 
by a flattifh but broad and thick midrib gradually obliterated 
upwards; Item longer than thefe, often falcate, ftieathed its 
whole length by the lower brade, which refembles the leaves 
but is narrower, with this it is entirely grown together ; from 
near its furnmit iffues laterally the common peduncle or rachis, 
refra&ed in the oppofite direction and ftieathed by the oppofite 
bracle which is many times fmaller than the lower one ; flower- 
fafcicles 2 — 3, fometimes twin, terminal one the largeft and 
moft flowered; one or more of thefe inftead of flowering is 
generally transformed into a perfeQ plant prefently mooting 
out its fibres through the fheathing braBe, its involucre and 
fpathes becoming fo many leaves, it grows and increafes thus pen- 
file till its weight bends the mother-ftem near enough to the earth 
for it to take root therein. Flowers in April and May, but its 
bloom fcarcely lafts through the forenoon ; very fragrant. 
Exterior (egments of Corolla large, lanceolate-elliptic, interior 
luburceolately aflurgent, obovate-oblong, far fmaller, broad, 
concave, pubefcent ungues, recurved laminae with revolute 
margins. Piftil rather longer than fiamens ; ftigmas fhortly 
trifid, two fegments upright, acuminate, the third rolling back 
forms a kind of lip on the angles and not in the fpace between 
the angles, as in Iris and Moraa. A native of the Brazils, 
where it was gathered on the ifland of Raza, near the mouth of 
Rio Janeiro, by Sir Joseph Banks; introduced here via 
Liibon, by the late Mrs. North, in honour of whom the 
gardeners have dubbed it with its prefent barbarous nick-name. 
Requires to be kept in the ftove, where it flowers freely, does 
not feed, but produces abundance of offsets or fuckers. Our 
^rawing was taken at Mcffrs. Grimwood and Wykes's Nur- 
lery, Kcnfington. G. 



mss 




[ 655 ] 

Marica Plicata. Small-Flowered 

Marica. 

i% $ »$ » $ » »» » » ft » ft ft »n 

C/tf/} d;;z^ Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characlcr. — Fid. N um ' 654. 

Specific Char after and Synonyms. 

MARICA plicata j laciniis obovatis pariter patemibus, canle 
fupra reclinato paniculato, pedunculis fecundo- 
afl'urgentibus, antheris liberis, ftigmatibus ftibfol- 
liculofis ufque ftylum difcretis. G. 
MORjEA plicata. Swartz Fl. Ind. occ. 82. Willd. Sp. PL 
243. Mart. Mill. Did. 

MOR£A palmifolia. Jacq. ic. rar. 2. /. 227. Coll. 3. 102. 
Nee Thunb. Diff. 

SISYRINCHIUM latifolium. Swartz prod. 17. Gmel. Syjl. 
Nat. 118. Hort. Kew. 3. p. 304. 

SISYRINCHIUM palmifolium. Cav. Dtjf. 6. 348. /. 19. f. 1. 
Gmel. Syft. Nat. 118. Nee Linn. Mant. Sy(t. Veg. 
aut Willd. Sp. PI. 

SISYRINCHIUM americannm. Magn. H. R. Monfp. 1%$. 

I XI A americana. Aublet Gujan. 1. 33. 

FERRARI A parviflora. Salijb. Prod. Hort. 43. 

BERMUDIANA palmae folio, radice bulbofa. Toum.InJl. 388. 
Plum. Am. 35. t. 46. f. 2. 

Root a tunicated bulb clothed with dark purplifh membra- 
nous integuments and protruding thick, flefhy, fubfufiform, 
perpendicular radicles. Radical leaves 2 — 5, 1 — 2 feet high, 
iliff, upright, deep green, laxly plicate, traverfed by 5 — 7 
longitudinal nerves, which are equidiftant, oblong-lanceolate, 
acuminate, fpringing from petioled, fubconvolute bafes, mem- 
branoufly dilated towards the bulb and equitant ; item centri- 
cal about their length or fomething higher, ftrift, round, naked 
to near the top where it is bent horizontal and becomes a leafy 
one-ranked, aflurgent panicle, confifting of a terminal flowcr- 
fafcicle, and about two common peduncles which are fometimes 
double or twin, but always with the flower-fafcicles fmaller 

than 



than the terminal one, they iffue from two leafy brakes or 

fpathes, the outermoft of which is fiimlar to the leaves but 

far fmaller yet longer than peduncles, inner one minute, ovate, 

ricrid, concealed within the convolute petioled bafe of the 

outermoft. Fiower-fafcicles 8 — 13 -flowered, expanding their 

bloffoms in fucceffion, each of which is fupported by a pedicle 

that raifes it clear of the valves ; thefe are alternately oppofed, 

clofely conduplicate, one to each pedicle, outermoft one of 

the involucre generally fplit half way down and as well as that 

• oppofed to it green, inner ones whitilh, diaphanous, and very 

thin, the whole form an acutely ovate comprefled head or 

fafcicle, refting upon the end of the peduncle, which is fome- 

what enlarged. Corolla upright, fcentlefs, rotate, about three 

quarters of an inch in diameter, fegments obovate, obtufe, 

inner ones narrowed, all diftinft. down to the glandular difk 

that covers the germ, through which the ftyle paffes and on 

which the ftamens ftand, thefe are upright, fomewhat patent, 

twice fhorter than corolla, anthers deep yellow, oblong-linear, 

longer than the filaments, and rather taller than the ftigmas; 

ftyle triquetral, twice (horter than the ftigmas, which are quite 

ftraight, turbinately divergent, and if clofely examined will be 

found to be tubular or a kind of follicles ventricofely enlarged 

towards their middle ending in fmall hiant, fhaggy mouths; 

germ trigonal, attenuated downwards with a flattifh uncovered 

fummit. Corolla decays by rolling inwards and foon fails off; 

expands with us about funfet in March and April, and lafts 

about three or four hours. In Jamaica, where Swartz found 

it on the weftcrn afpe&s of mountainous paitures, it flowers 

the year round about four in the afternoon. 

Gathered by Masson at St. Chriftopher's, by Aublet in 
Cayenne ; and according to Cavan 1 lles by others in St. Do- 
mingo. Requires the treatment of a tender flove plant. Dr. 
Dryander, who has feen the fpecimen of Sisyrinchium 
palmifofinm in the Herbarium of Linn/EUs, is convinced of 
that- being a different Cpecies from the prefent, and confirms 
Wi 1 ld snow's obfervation. 

Cultivated by Miller in 1739. 

Our drawing was taken at Meffrs. Grimwood and Wykes's, 
Kenfmgton, who received it from Jamaica. G, 



N°6f& 




C 6 5 6 ] 

Statice Speciosa. Plantain-Leaved 
Thrift. 

#f %< % ># $■ frftlf | fttyftfr fr $ tyfr ftfr 

Cfo/} tfffi Order, 

PfiNTANDRIA PeNTAGYNIA. 

Generic Charatler. 

Cal. l-phyllus, integer, plicatus, fcariofus. Pet. 5. Sem. 1. 
fuperum. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

STATICE fpeciofa ; fcapo dichtomo ancipiti, foliis ovatis 
mucronatis, floribus aggregatis. Syfi. Veg. Spec. 
PL 395. Hort. Kew. 1. p. 384. 

STATICE fcapo ramolo tereti, ramis ancipitibus alatis, flo- 
ribus imbricatis, foliis obovato-cufpidatis mucro- 
natis, margine cartilagineis. Wtlld. Sp. PI, t. 
A 1527. 

LIMONIUM foliis lanceolatis mucronatis radicalibus, caule 
ancipiti dichotomo, ftipulis Jfimplicibus. Hort. Upf, 
71. Gmel. Siberic. 3. p. 221. /. 91. f. 1. 

LIMONIUM elatius plantaginis foliis procumbentibus in 
aculeum terminatis, floribus albis in capitula con- 
geftis. Amm. Ruth. n. 129. 



Leaves all radical, fpread on the ground, obovate, termi- 
nated with a ftiffifh mucro, veined and purple-coloured under- 
neath. Scape or ftalk not round asdefcribed by Willdenow 
from a dried fpecimen, but triangular with one of the angles 
rounded off, which makes it nearly half-round : the upper 
part and alternate but not dichotomous branches are alfo 
toree-cornered, with the angles winged and much crifped, 
fo that neither teres nor anceps are appropriate terms. Braftes 
icariofe, ovate-acuminate, ftem-embracing, one at each divi- 
hon ; and fimilar ones, but green with a membranous margin, 

imbricate 



imbricate along the under fide of the Ipike. Flowers aggre- 
gate in broad terminal fecund fpikes. Calyx perfiftent, crowned 
with a filvery white funnel-fhaped border. Corolla 5-petaled, 
purple, very deciduous, fo that in dried fpecimens the calyx 
only remains, which has given occafion to the flowers being 
defcribed as white. 

According to Gmelin, this plant is common throughout 
Siberia. The dried leaves being ufed as a fubftitute for tea, 
it has obtained in fome parts a name, fignifying in Englifh 
Stone Tea. 

A hardy perennial, very fit for adorning rock-work, eafily 
propagated by feeds, which it produces freely. Introduced 
into the Kew Garden in 1776, by Chevalier Murray. 

Our fpecimen was k ndly communicated by Mr. Loddidges 
of Hackney, who railed it from feeds received from Siberia. 

Flowers about Midfummer. 




ThhtyT Curtis J.'&eCi 



C ^57 ] 

Amaryllis Reticulata. Netted-Veined 
Amaryllis. 

Clafs and Order. 

Hexandria Monogynia, 

Generic Character. 

Cor. hexapetaloidea irregularis. Filamenia fauci tubi inferta, 
dedinata, inaequalia proportione vel direction?. 

Specific CharacJer and Synonyms. 

AMARYLLIS reticulata,- fubmulti flora, coroilis nutantibus 
bafi tubulofis limbo reticularis, fbliis oblongis. 
L'Herit. fert. angl. 12. 

AMARYLLIS reticulata; fpatha fubbiflora, coroilis bafi tu- 
bulofis nutantibus, fauce tubi glabra, fcapo 
compreflb, foliis oblongis baft attenuatis. 
Hort. Kew. 1. p. 4.17. Willi. Sp. PL 2. 54. 
Bot. Rep. tab. 179. Mart. Mill. Diet. 



This is to be diftinguiihed by the petals being tranfverfely 
veined, and by the fmoothnefsof the throat. Flowers in April ; 
a native of the Brafils ; and was introduced in 1777 by Edw. 
Wkitaker Gray, M. D. Mart. Mill. Dicl. We have feen 
it with four flowers. We take this opportunity of correcting 
a miftake of the late Mr. Curtis, in faying that Linnaeus 
gave the name of equejlris to the Amaryllis published above 
(No. 305) ** from fome fancied refemblance to a horfe's head ;" 
the fact is, this name was given from the remarkable Iikenefs 
the front view of it has to a Itar of fome of the orders of knight- 
hood ; an appearance well exprefled by Jacqu in's figure in the 
Hortus Schoenbrunnenfts. 

Our drawing was taken at the Nurfery of Meflrs. Grim- 
wood and Wykes, with whom it flowers freely in the ftove. 



N°6ss 



i\ 




p,j, i, 



w. try J.fw 



C 658 ] 

Menyanthes Indica. Indian Buck-Bean, 
4 & s fr ♦%♦♦»♦♦♦♦♦ $ AhMmj* 

Cut/} rf//</ Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 



Generic Charatler. 
Cor. hirfuta. Stigma 2-fidum. Capfula l-locularis. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

MENYANTHES indica • foliis cordatis fubcrenatis, petiolis 
floriferis, corollis interne pilolis. Spec. PL 
207. Willd. 1. 811. Fl. Zeylan. 42. 
Szvartz obf. 58. 

MENYANTHES foliis cordatis undulato-crenatis, petiolis 
floriferis. Thunb. Prod. 34. 

NYMPHvEvE minoris affinis indica, florealbo pilofo. Sloan. 
Cat. 121. Hi ft. 1 . 252. Rait. Hiji. 3. p. 63 1. 

NYMPH^EA ceramica. Rum ph. avib. 6. p. 173, /. 72.7! 3. 

NEDEL-AMBEL. Rhced. Mai i'i. ;>. 55. ?. 28. 



The fynonvms above quoted may perhaps belong to different 
fyecies. Our plant is much fmaller than the one defcnbed 
and figured in the Hortus Malabaricus, has five ftamens with 
purpliih anthers, and the interna! fringe of the corolla is yellow, 
not white as- defcribed by Rheede, and alfo by Sloane, 
Rumf, and Sir William Jones in the Afiatic Refearches. 
Rumf's figure has flowers and leaves the fize of ours. 

Our drawing was taken at Mr. Woodford's, Vauxhall, in 
July, where it has flowered in the cittern in the itove for 
fome years pari. 




N°M 



h Ta ur/ 7 :,,,r// 



C 659 ] 

Campanula Sibirica. Siberian Bell- 
Flower. 

■»'' •tv* 1 * .'!'. »'« .> l -i j&..> , «.>fe^Si.^l , iJk..»!4_5 i 4..5Vt. *'« ili 

CA//} anaf Order. 

PeNTANDRIA MOiNOCYNU, 

. Generic Char after. 
* / 

Gr. campanulata, fundo claufo valvis ftaminiferis, Stigma 
3-fidum. Caff. 3-locularis, fupera. 

Specific Charablcr and Synonyms, 

CAMPANULA fibirica ; capfulis 3-locularibus obteftis, caule 

paniculato. Spec. PL 236. Willd. Sp. PL 1. 

911. J acq. PL Aitji. 2. p. 60. /. 200. //or/. 

Kezv. 1. p. 223. Marty n Mill. Dic7. a 40. 
CAMPANULA capfulis trilocularibus calicis ciliati finubus 

refiexis te&is, foliis crifpis, ramis mukifloris. 

Gmel. Sib. 3. p. 154. /. 29. 



The Siberian Campanula appears to be a very common 
plant both in Siberia and the mountainous parts of Auftria. 
Is to be confidered as a hardy biennial, for although it may 
continue for two or three years without flowering, the plant 
always perifhes after ripening its feeds. 

Propagated by feeds. Flowers in June, July, and Auguft. 
Varies in the breadth and crifpature of the leaves and in the 
fize of the corolla, as alfo, according to Gmelin, with white 
and very pale blue flowers. 

Our plant was raifedfrom Siberian feeds by Mr. Loddidges 
of Hackney, but according to Hort. Kew. was firft introduced 
by Dr. William Pitcairn in 1783, who had a very fine 
botanical garden at Iilington. 



JF66o 




<*M. Pid.bvT.f 



if-, fun. 



C 660 ] 

Lysimachia Quadriflora, Four* 
Flowered Loose-Strife. 

♦ $ $ f f f $ $$• % IN^Hp* 

C/tf/} #;/^ Order, 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 
Cor. rotata. Cap/, globofa, mucronata, 10-valvis. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

LYSIMACHIA quadriflora / foliisoppofitisfeffilibus linearibus 
longiflimis, pedunculis quaternis terminalibus 
unifloris. 



This hitherto undefcribed fpecies of Lyfimachia was raifed 
from North-American feeds, by Mr. Salisbury, of the Bo- 
tanic-Garden at Brompton. 

Stalks four-angled, much branched. Leaves oppofite, linear, 
quite entire, fmooth, feflile, longer than the branches. Branches 
axillary to the leaves, fimilar, terminated with four leaves 
crofled, ferving the office of bra&es ; from the axils of each 
of thefe there rifes a flower-ftalk bearing a folitary flower, 
nodding. Calyx five-leaved, fmooth. Corolla one-petaled, 
cupped, divided into five ovate acuminate fomewhat fawed 
fegments. 

A hardy perennial, requiring no particular treatment. 



Errata in Fasciculo Postremo. 

No. 646, 1. 33, pro St. Vincent's, lege St. Vincent f 
647, 1. 10, — altiori, lege altiore. 
649, 1. 1 , — cordifolia, lege cordata, 
652, 1. 1 4 , poft prijlinum, adde comma, 
1 9, — erecla, adde comma. 
24, pro antktris t lege anthera:. 



[ 66i ] 

Amaryllis Longifolia. Long-Leaved 
Amaryllis. 

Jt->'4..^1.»'«— *'*->'«. >'>..>!i..«!t. A. >'i *'».«» 4s »'t A, jfr. *fe. 

C/tf/} »»<i Order. 

HeXANURIA MoXOCYNIA. 

Generic Characlcr, 

* 

Cor. hexapetaloidea irregularis. Filamenta fauci tubi inferta, 
dedinata, inaequalia proportione vel direciione. 

Specific CharacJer and Synonyms. 

AMARYLLIS longifolia; fuberefto-multiflora, foliis glaucis, 

extimis fcapo longioribus, floribus pedicellatis : 

tubo obtufe trigono curvulo limbo fuhringenter 

et turbinatim campanula^ fubduplo longiore, 

• ftigmate depreffo-capitellato. G. * 

AMARYLLIS longifolia. Sp. PL 421. Roy. Lngdb. 36. Reich. 
2. 27. Syjl. Mill. Dicl. n. 7. Syjl. Veg. Murr. 
320. L'Herit. Serf. Angl. 13. bhrt. Kciv. 1. 
419. J acq. ic. rar. 2. 364. Coll. 4. 205. 
Mart. Mill. Dicl. Willi. Sp. PI. 2. 56. ex., 
clufo ubique Ehret picl. 13. 

CRINUM long; folium. Tbunb. prod. 59. 

LILIUM africanum humile longiffimis foliis polyamhos fa- 
turato colore purpurafcens. Hcrm. Parad. 195. 

♦ >• 195- 



Root a tunicated bulb. Leaves radical, fparfe (not bifarious) 
outer ones recurved-recumbent, glaucous, broad-fubulate, 
convolute at their bafes ; outermoftones broadeft, longed, laxly- 
reclined at the upper part ; innermoft upright, channelled their 
whole length, very narrow ; if an outer one is held up to the 
light, the tranfverfe fepta of the longitudinal, .parallel/ linear 
chambers afford the' appearance of its being reticulatcly veined 
Scape ftriel, roundifh, folid, lateral or outfide the leaves and 
produced after thefe are completely grown out, varying from 



fix inches to two feet in height ; pedicles longer than the 
germ. Involucre bivalvcd ; umbel 12 — 20 flowered, upright, 
each flower feparated by a narrow, membranous fpathe, the 
innermost of which are very minute and fometimes abortive. 
Corolla about fix inches or more in length ; ungues grown to- 
gether into a bluntly trigonal, peduncle-like tube, ibmewhat 
cur'ved, twice longer than the limb, each face traverfed longi- 
tudinally by a ribbed furrow. Limb fubringent, outer feg- 
ments linear-oblong, inner oval-oblong ; upper one fomewhat 
recurved, lower one declined, all fubconcave and obtufe ; the 
three outer fegments have the ufual membranous hook at their 
ends on the infide, by which they are hitched together till 
the flower is ripe for expanfion. Germ trigonal-oval, ob- 
long. Organs nearly equal, declined-aflfurgent, fomething 
fhorter than the limb ; ftamens decurr^ntly adnate to the* tube ; 
anthers incumbent, verfatile, when they have difcharged their 
pollen, crefcent-fhaped. Tube nectariferous, flowers fragrant, 
varying in fize, and in being more or lefs purple, generally 
before they decay becoming almoft white, from which pe- 
riod we reckon the proportionate length of the tube and 
pedicle, as thefe continue to increafe till then. It refembles 
Amaryllis "zeylanica and ornata (the latter of which is 
figured in the Botarnft's Repofitory, under the name of 
Caiuvu gigantcum J but differs from both at fii# fight in 
having felfile germs. Cultivated by Miller ; introduced into 
Kew Gardens by Mr. Masson about 1773. 

Our drawing was taken from a plant in the collection of 
Mr. Woodford, at Vauxhall, where it flowered in April; it 
requires to be kept on the flue of the ftove in a largifh pot and 
light earth. 

^ Propagates by the bulb; Mr. Wykes, Nurferyman, at 
Kenfington, informs us, that with him it has produced perfecl 
feed-veffels, which as well as the feed refemble tho'fe of 
Amaryllis viltaia, and from which he has raifed many 
plants. • 

The fize of our plate would not admit of more than two 
flowers of the umbel being fhewn. G. 



No. 654. j>. 2. I. 10. erafe lateral* 

1. 33. im the angles, read them* 



¥662 









[ 662 ] 

HyPOXIS StELLATa(&)-. YeLLOW-FlOWERED 

Star-Hypoxis. 






jk. *■?« ..:'j*. •'"'-.. i^'.. >^C. *fz..lkL. sfc. jJt-5.'*..j5t. Si» >'*..jfe.>>.. «.'«. «S» Je. 
•vp >,« Jp ;>»' v>~ Vji V;i.- v,«- ^5"5{f^i»"VsC Jf.- 9j» SjT^r *p«F »j? 

CA/A tf; ^ Order. 

LEXANDRIA MoN'OGYNlA. 

Generic Character. 

Perianth, o. Cor. hexapetala, regularis, rotate, perfiflerr?:, 
laciniis lanceolatis. Filam. brevia ,- antherfc majufculae, fajrt- 
tatse, ereftae. "Stylus c^aflus, brevis. Stigmata 3, refta, exttis 
longitudinaliter fulcato-dehifcemia ; vel columnariter juncr.a, 
vel fecedeutia et turbinato-patentra. Germ, rnferum, vcrti'cale, 
trigonum. Cap/, evalvis ? Snn. fubglobofa, unijcrialia ? 
pi ura. G. 

Fabric 1 a. Tbunb. in Fab. It. Norv. 

Obs. Flos exfus crdycinus, intus -corolUmis. Gcrmcn devrjun: fnifim at- 
tenuation inqne pedunculum continuo-fubfideiis. G. 

Gluma 2-valvis, qunm Lintteeus Hvpoxiih tribult in Off AR. ESS. 
Syft. Veg. nil nifi braclea jubulata ; et mala omnina habuit Jpechnina dttm 
fores Hypoxidis eredtx dejcrlbit JcJJiks qui ionge pedunculaii. Drvand. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

HYPOXIS Jlellata rhizomate hemifphaerico bulbo fibrofe 
vcftito coronato, foliis lato-fubulatis, canalicu- 
lars, caule unipcdunculato unifloro, bra6tea 
foliacca tola convoluto-vaginante, ftigmatibus 
in columellam fagittato-junclis. G. 

HYPOXIS Jlellata. Linn. Suppi 197. Syfi.Feg.Murr.%26. 
Jacq. ic. Par. 2. t. 368. , Coll. 4. 134. ¥hunb. „ 
prod. 60. Bot. Rtp. tab. 101. 236. ejufque RecenJ. 
Gmet. Syft. Nat. 548. Willi. Sp. PL 2. p. 109. 
ejftlnfis e fynonyniis Cornuti, Rudbeck, Moiifon, 
et Miller. ' • 

FABRICTA Jlellata. Tbunb. in Fab. It, Nor?, p. 27. 

AMARYLLIS capenjis. Sp. PL 420. Am. Ac. 6. Afr. 11. 
Syft- ret- Murr. 319. Gmel. Sft. Nat. 538. 

(«) Corolla Iutea, macula atro-fufca j Organis luteis. 

[&) Corolla alba, macula atro-cyartea ; organis atro-violaceis. 

Bulb 



Bulb clothed by feveral concentric wiry-fibrous tunics 
fitting on a rootllock that is convex and very fmooth beneath, 
above which and from its bafe the fibres are radiately ex- 
truded. Leaves radical, feveral, recurved-recumbent round 
the ftem, broad-fubulate, channelled, carinate, triquetral, edged 
with a minutely fcabrous reverfely fubaculeate cartilage, fcarcely 
perceptible but to the touch ; item upright (fometimes twin) 
with a one-flowered long peduncle, both together refembling a 
one-jointed culm, the latter obtufely trigonal upwards, far 
fheathed by a leaf-like, convolute, upright bracle. Petals 
narrow-lanceolate, alternate ones narrower! and more in- 
clined to a linear form. Stigmas fhallowly feparating above, 
joined in a fagittated fhaft with three linear, decurrent, 
channelled-dehifcent angles, equal to the anthers, as ftyle is 
to the filaments, which are fubulate, thick, and very fhort. 
Flowers large, beautiful, expanding only when the fun fhines; 
laft feveral days; quite fcentlefs; when doled have the appear- 
ance of a perianth. Should be kept in a fmall pot of light 
earth in the greenhoufe; when the plant decays the bulbs 
fhould be kept dry, parted and replanted early in Autumn. 
Found at the Cape by Thunberg. Sent to the Kew 
Garden by Mr. Masson in 1778. 

Our drawing was taken at Mcflrs. Colvii.le's Nurfery in 
the King's-Road, Chelfea, where it flowered in May. 

Few living fpecies being as yet introduced into our gardens, 
and thofe not feeding, we doubt if the above eifential cha- 
racter will prove fufficiently determinate; but at all events 
the one ufually prefixed to this genus is too materially incor- 
rect to be retained. C. 



N°663 




JJE^mi, M J?u/>. ij T.Cur&r,J?Ge<:-( W/,rv/ 



[ 65 3 ] 
Scilla Italica.' Italian Souil. 

«'' i> *V y" *.V. A •& A A A >v ft A it ft, ft ft. .■fe..>U. 
TrfT? Vv V ';*" V '•» V "'i< " v i' i »F V V v v 

Oafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monogyn'ia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. 6-partita bafi ftaminifera, omnino parens, decidua. 
Filam. omnia filiformia. Stigma 1. Genus nimium ajfiue On- 

N1THOGALO. Juff. 

Specific Char after and Synonyms. 

SCILLA italica ; foliis linearibus obtufe canaliculars, racemo 

conferto conico, bra&eis geminis linearibus pedicellos 

patentes fubaequantibus, laciniis rotatis lanceolatis 

intus convexulis. G. 
SCILLA italica. Mant. 364. Sp. PL 442. Hort. Gift. 123. 

Roy. Lugdb. 32. Mill. Du c f. 3. Retz. Obf. 1. 15. 

Allion.Fl. Ped. 189S. Hort. Kew. 1. 443. Willd.Sp. 

PI. 2. 126. 
PHALANGIUM radice bulbofa; foliis latiffimis obtufis ; 

fpica multiflora ; ftipulis longitudine petioli. Hall. 

Helv. 1212. exclufis fynonymis. 
HYACINTHUS fleliatus cineracei colons. Cluf. Hift. 184. 
HYACINTHUS ftellaris italicus. Hort. Eyfi. Vem. 42./. 1. 
HYACINTHUS ftellaris fpicatus cinereus. Bauh. Pin. 46. 

Mori/. Hijl.f.i. t. 12. f. 16. Park. Parad. 132./. 6. 



Root bulbous. Leaves radical, fevcral, recumbently di- 
verging round the ftem, linear, bluntly channelled above, 
acutely carinate beneath, fubacute, 4—5 inches long, equal 
in length ; (cape nearly twice their length, round, terminated 
by a fimple, fhortifh, fparfe, thyrfeform, many-flowered raceme ; 
pedicles filiform, divaricately fpreading, gradually fhorter, 
Iftweft about an inch long, fheathed by double, oppofite, 
linear, acme, membranous, coloured bratles, about their own 

length. 



length. Corolla rotately patent ; fegments lanceolate-ovate, 
fomewhat unguiculate, equal, ftellately divergent, firm, (lightly 
convex, margins revolutely deprefied. Filaments white* nearly 
twice fhorter than corolla, linear-acuminate, flat, fixed on 
the claw-like bafes of the fegments, erecl-patent ; anthers 
linear, fagittate, {lightly fixed inwards to the points of the 
filaments, dark blue ; piftil equal to the ftamens ; germ de- 
preffed-orbiculate, uneven, fix-torofely fulcate, blue : ftyle 
triquetrally fubulate ; fligma fomewhat fringed, depreffed, 
nearly fimple or very flightly trifid, purplifh. blue. Flowers 
fragrant, fmelling like Lilac, pale blue or grey; expanding in 
March. 

Though cultivated in Parkinson's time, feems to have 
become a fcarce plant ; we have never feen it in any of our 
collections till we found it the other day in that of Mr. 
Woodford's, where our drawing was taken. Hardy, but is 
feen in the greateft perfection when kept in a pot with other 
alpine plants. 

Found by Haller on the Helvetic Alps, and by Allioni 
in the County of Nice, growing in poor rocky, fhady fpots. 
Its habitat is left unfettled by Parkinson and the authors of 
Hon. Kew. 

The Braftes are clofely adpreffed to the pedicles, and being 
of nearly the fame length, breadth, and colour with them, they 
have efcaped the notice of the older draughtfmen, and are 
not feen in their figures. G. 




W66i 



ti. hy Tt urtis, , T*t ', r ulvJ. A d 



[ 66+ ] 

Fritillaria Pyrenaica (a). Pyrenean 
Fritillary. 

C/j/} <2w<f Order. 

Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Char after. 

Cor. 6-petala, campanulata, fupra ungues cavitate ne£larifera. 
Slam, longitudine corollas. 

Specific CharacTer and Synonyms. 

FRITILLARIA pyrenaica; foliis fparfis complanatis fubco- 
riaceis glaucis : infimis latioribus lineari- 
oblongisobtuful is, corol la coriaceo-incraffata, 
campanulata fuperne recurvato-patula, ncc- 
tariis fubrotundis. G. 

{«) l-flora ; foliis raris diffite fed fubalternatim fparfis : infimis 
binis fuboppofito-approximatis. G. 

FRITILLARIA pyrenaea. Cluf. app. ad Hi/}, cclvi. vii. 

FRITILLARIA flore minore. Baub. Pin. 64. 

FRITILLARIA nigra. Lob. adv. pars alt. 496. 

FRITILLARIA pyrenaea five appeninea. Park. Parad. 43. 

/. 11. 

(|3) mukiflora; foliis crebrioribus fparfis: 2 — 4 infimis fub- 
verticillatis racemi, floribus diftantibus fpicatis vel approxi- 
mate et fubumbellatis. G. 
FRITILLARIA pyrenaica. Sp. PL 436. Svfl. Vegetal. Murr. 

325. Hort. Up/. 81. Wtlld. Sp. PL 2. 91. 

(quo male citatur Hort. Cliff. 81.) 
FRITILLARIA nigra floribus adfcendcntibus. Mill. Bid. 3. • 
FRITILLARIA e foiiorum alis florens {$). Serotina atro- 

purpnrea. Hort. Cliff. 119. 
FRITILLARIA hifpanicaumbellifera. Park. Parad. 43. /. 12. 

Sivert. Flori!. 7. f. 2. Bauh. Pin. 64. 
FRITILLARIA. 8. Raii Hijl. 1148. 

Leaves of (#.} about feven, thickifh, leathery, glaucous, 
Iparfe, diftant, fomewhat alternate or approaching in fubop- 

pofite 



pofite pairs ; two lower ones about tour inches long, linear- 
oblong, fomewhat vertical, blunt, upper ones acuminate, gra- 
dually fhorter, much narrower ; item about a foot high, round, 
nodding upwards. Flower one, nearly twice (mailer than thofe 
of meleagris, emitting a difagreeable rank {'cent if fmelt clofe 
to ; corolla thickifh, leathery, not corrugately chequered, 
iubcylindric-campanulate, recurved upwards, fummits of the 
petals glandularly thickened, external ones acutely cuneate, 
nearly twice the narrower!, inner ones obovatelv cuneate, all 
on the outfide of a dark dull fomewhat purplilh liver-colour 
iuffufed with a glaucous bloom, the chequering nearly obfo- 
lete; on the infide of a fhining greenilh yellow, with clear, 
irregular purple chequering towards the middle ; the fix nec- 
tariferous pitlcts at the bottom of the petals nearly round, dark 
green; organs nearly equal, pale, twice fhorter than petals; 
anthers nearly equal to the filaments ; ftigmas generally rather 
longer than ftyle ; germ about the length of both together. 

According to Cnjstus, a native of the Pyrenees. Flowers 
rather later than meleagris ; hardy, but is kept better in the 
pit with other alpine plants, as we are informed by MeMrs. 
Grimwoob and Wvkes, of Kenfington, where our drawing 
was taken, and who imported it from Holland 

We have feen what we take to be a hybrid of this and 
meleagris, with a larger flower, more cylindrical, lefs recurved, 
with an oblong neQary, longer piltil, leaves ftill more alter- 
nate and oppofite ; railed probably by the Dutch Gardeners : 
(0) which we have not feen alive, Yeems only to differ in 
number of leaves and flowers, hence need not be feparated ; 
the bulbs are larger than thofe of meleagris, G. 




Mfo 



SfJZ'MmrU JU Pnb. hv T. 'Curtis, 



C 666 ] 

PSORALEA CORYLIFOLIA. HAZEL-LEAVED 

PSORALEA. 

# ■ ♦♦♦♦ ♦*»♦♦♦ ^♦♦^♦♦t 

Clafs and Order. 

DlADELPHIA DECANDRIA. 

Generic Charailer. 
Cal. punctis callofis adfperfus, longitudine Leguminis l-fpermi. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

PSORALEA corylifolia ; foliis fimplicibus ovatis fubdentatis, 

fpicis ovatis. Syji. Vegetab. 686. Sp. PL 1075. 

Hori. Kew. 3. 81. Burnt. Ind. p. 172. /. 49. 

/. 2. Martyn Mill n. 20. Vahl Symb. 65. 
DORYCNIUM foliis fimplicibus ovatis. Roy. Lugdb. 389. 

Mill. Dicl. edit. 6. n. 2. 
LOTO affinis corylifolio. Dodart. in Acl. Paris. 4. p. 289. /. 

2^9. Pluk. Aim. 227- /. 96. /. 5. 
Trifolium unifolium, leguminibus racemofis, nudis, mono- 
fpermis, foliis fimplicibus cordato-fubrotundis, repandis. 
Forjk. Defer, p. 140. 



The Psoralea corylifolia, a native of Coromandel, is an 
annual of eafy cultivation, but, not pofleffing any fragrance or 
particular beauty to recommend it, is very rarely feen m our 
gardens, though known to Miller in 1752. The plant from 
which our drawing was made was raifed from feeds received 
from Dr. Roxburgh by Mr. Loddidges, at Hackney. 

Requires to be treated as a tender annual; flowers in July 
and Auguft, and ripens its feeds readily. 

In habit it differs much from the reft of the genus, ap~ 
preaching nearer to Trifolium ; indeed, fo clofely is it allied to 
the Blue Melilot, as hardly to allow of their feparation without 
doing violence to nature. 

Luxuriant fpecimens have been obferved with ternate leaves: 
Pluken ex's figure has feffile leaves and flowers, a circum- 
ftance not worthy of notice in a reprefentation that is altogether 
fo miferable ; but that of Dodart, which is excellent for the 
time, has likewife feffile leaves; and this leads to a fufpicion 
that two fpecies may have been confounded. 



2F66b 



^& 






p^ 




Tub. Irv ■/:, '//r/i>. i y h 



[ 665 ] 
Stachys Coccinea. Scarlet Stachys. 

Clqfs and Order. 

DlDYNAMIA GyMNOSPERMIA. 

Generic Character. 

Corolla labium fuperius fornicatum ; labium inferius lateribus 
reflexum : lacinia intermedia majore emarginata. Stamina 
deflorata verfus latera reflexa. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

STACHYS coccinea; verticillis fexfloris, foliis ovatis cordatis 
crenatis, petiolis dilatatis. Willd. Sp. PL 3. p. 97. 

STACHYS verticillis fexfloris, foliis oblongo-ovatis ball cor- 
datis. Jacq.Hort. Schoenb. 3. p. 18. /. 284. 

Besc. Root perennial. Leaves oblong-cordate, fomewhat 
ru gofe, hairy on both fides. Footfialks channelled, dilated to- 
wards the leaf. Stalk fquare ; angles obtufe, elevated. Flowers 
"X in a whorl, large, of a bright fcarlet colour, peduncled. 
Bracles like the leaves, feffile, two under each whorl. Peduncles 
^ r ect, half the length of the calyx. Calyx hairy, bell-fhaped, 
pe-toothed, regular, pungent, tfube of corolla thrice as 
'°ng as calyx, nearly firaight : border bilabiate : upper lip 
entire, a little concave : lower lip trifid, the middle fegment 
emargmate, fide ones bent back. Filaments equal, ereft, not 
Waning to one fide. Germ four-cleft on a raifed flefhy recep- 
tacle ; ftyle fhorter than the filaments : ftigma bifid. 

This very ornamental plant, though generally preferved in a 
6 r eenhoufe, is perhaps hardy enough to bear the cold of our 
c umate. 

Sanative of Chili in South-America; firfl raifed in this 
Country, i n the garden of James Vere, Efq. in Kenfington- 
K °ad, in the year 1800. 

Flowers from June to September. May be propagated by 
ee «s, cuttings, or parting its roots in the Autumn. Re- 
hires no particular treatment. 

Our drawing was taken at the Botanic Garden, Brompton. 



N°66y 




su 



'ZbHxitJJ. FuLhy T.i urti.r S?Ge*Oe/he*U 



[ 66 7 ] 

Andromeda Pulverulenta, Oval- 
Leaved Andromeda. 

Oafs and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 
Cal. 5-partkus. Cor. ovata ; ore 5-fido. Cap/. 5-locularis. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

ANDROMEDA pulverulenta ; pedunculis aggregatis rameis 
axillaribufque, corollis globofo-campanulatis, 
foliis ovalibus crenulatis fubtus pulverulentis. 

ANDROMEDA pulverulenta. Bartram's Travels (American 
Edition) p. 476. IVilld. Sp. PI. v. 2. p. 610. 

ANDROMEDA cajfinefolia. var. j3. Ventenat Hart. Cels. 60. 

ANDROMEDA ovata; pedunculis aggregatis, corollis cam- 
panulatis foliis alternis ovatis ferrato-crenatis 
obtufiufculis. Solander MSS. 



A very handfome bufhy ftirub. Leaves alternate, ovaf, 
lightly notched, the under furface of a bluifh white refem- 
"ling the bloom of plums, and, like that, rubbing off when 
roughly touched. Flowers in bunches, nodding, white, much 
'ike thofe of the Lily of the Valley, fweet-fcented. Filaments 
frort, each growing from a globular gland furrounding the 
germ: anthers brown, four-awned. Style fimple, erecl, per- 
"ftent, exceeding the ftamens. Capfule five-cornered, five- 
celled. 6 

For this valuable acquifuion to our gardens we are indebted 
f° the indefatigable Mr. Fraser, of Sloane-Square, who found 
'tin North-Carolina, where however it had been obferved long 
before by Mr. John Bartram. 

It is capable of withftanding the cold of our winters in the 
°Pen air, but the beautiful foliage is better preferved by the 

ihelter 



flielter of a greenhoufe, nor indeed have we as yet feen it 
produce its flowers in perfeaion without fome artificial heat, 
though there is reafon to believe that older plants may not 
ftand in need of fuch affiftance. 

This ought to ttand next to Andromeda w^m, with 
which it has a near affinity. Monf. Ventenat confiders it 
as a variety of his cajmefolia ; perhaps juftly. 

May be increafed by layers or raifed from feeds. 

Our drawing was made at Mr. Fraser's, Sloane-Square, in 
June 1802. ^ 




J^LEJmmU, Jm 



[ 668 ] 

Gordonia Lasianthus. Smooth Gor- 
doniAj or Loblolly Bay, 

* *mM*+*$%W ♦♦♦ft 

Clafs and Order, 

MoNADELPHIA PoLYANDRlA. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. 5-phylIus. Pet. 5, mediante ftaminum urceolo bafi 
coalita. Stylus 5-gonus. Stigma 5-fidum. Capfula fupera 5- 
locularis. Sent, alata. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms, 

GORDONIA Lqfianthus ; foliis coriaceis utrinque glabris- 

Syji. Veg. 631. Hort. Kew. 2. p, 231. Martyn 

Miller t n, 1. 
GORDONIA. Ellis ail. Angl. 1770. (vol. 60.) p. 518. /. 1 1. 
GORDONIA floribus longius pedunculatis, foliis coriaceis 

glabris, capfulis ovatis. L'Herit. Stirp. 1. 

p. 156. 
GORDONIA foliis ovatis planis, pedunculis elongatis, corol- 

lis ovatis, ftylo quinquefido. Swartz. Obf. 271. 
GORDONIA foliis lanceolatis fubferratis utrinque glabris, 

pedunculis axillaribus longisunifloris. Lamarck, 

Encycl. 2. p. 'j 'jo. 
HYPERICUM Lqfianthus ; floribus pentagynis foliis lanceo- 

latis ferratis. Hort. Cliff. 380. Sp. PI. 1. 101. 
HYPERICUM foliis lanceolatis rigidis, denticulatis, floribus 

alaribus, pedunculis longiffimis, capfulis lig- 

nofis. Mill. Did. 
Alcea floridana quinquecapfularis. Pluk. Amalth. t, 352. /. 3. 
Catejb. Cat. 1. p. 44. /. 44. 



The Loblolly Bay is a native of South-Carolina, where it 
grows in wet fwamps. Miller fays, that it is with great dif- 
ficulty preferved in England, and we believe it has not often 

flowered 



flowered in the fame perfection, as it did laft Summer at Mr* 
Woodford's, at Vauxhall, where our drawing was taken. It 
had been turned out of a pot the preceding Spring into a 
border of bog-earth in the confervatory, which was kept very 
moift. Flowers in Auguft and September. 

The name of Gordonia was given it in honour of the late 
Mr. James Gordon, a very celebrated cultivator of rare 
plants at Mile-End, by Mr. Ellis, who fettled the genus from 
a fpecimen which flowered at Benjamin Bewick's, Efq. at 
Clapham, in the year 1769. 

It cannot be eafily propagated except from feeds imported 
from America. 

In the Hortus Kewenfis, this tree is placed in the clafs 
Polyandria; and both Profeffor Marty n and Swartz agree, 
that it rather belongs to this clafs than to that of Monadelphia, 
in which Willdenow has neverthelefs retained it, and in our 
opinion very properly, as it is there in company with Stuartia 
and Camellia, with which, particularly the former, it appears 
to have a natural affinity. According to the conceptions of 
different obfervers, the filaments may be faid to be united at 
their bafe into a flefhy annular body, or this ring may be re- 
garded as an elevation of the receptacle to which the filaments 
are attached, or as a nectary, or a gland, but as it differs fo 
little in its fubflance from the filaments themfelves, except in 
being more fucculent, it may be fairly confidered to be formed 
by the coalefcence of thefe. The calyx, confining of five 
round, concave leaves, is covered externally with a filky 
down, which, extending beyond the edges, gives it a ciliated 
appearance ; and the two outermoft of the petals, partaking of 
the fame filkinefs, are likewife minutely fringed, efpecially the 
exterior one of all. 



[ 66 9 ] 
Iris Lurida. Dingy Flag. 

Oafs and Order. 
'Hexandrja Monocynia, 

Generic Cbaratler—Vid, N* n - 531. 

Specific Char. icier and Synonyms. 

IRIS lurida (barbata) cauie foliis fubduplo altiore, involucris 

herbaceis fupra purpurafcentibus inflatiufculis 1—2 Boris ; 

germine tubo 2 — 3plo breviore, laciniis extimis parum 

longioribus, intimis undulatis. G. 
IRIS lurida. Hprt. Kew, 1. 68. Mart. Mill Dicl. mild. Sp. 

PL 1. 229. 
IRIS latifolia humilior purpurea. JVeinm. Phyt. 1c. V. 3. ». 

612. Banb. Pin. 32. Rmi f$A $* \lBz. 
IRIS major latifolia anguftioribus foliis, purpureis flonbus 

minoribus. Baub. Hijl. 718. 
IRIS major latifolia xix. CluJ. Hijl. 221. 
IRIS violacea. Get. Herb. emac. 53. /. 6. 



Root flefhy, horizontal; Herb cefpitofe ; Leaves twice 
Sorter than fiem, which is from a foot to a foot and half high, 
fubcomprefledly round with about three branches ifluing from 
herbaceous two-valved BraQes, which are fometimes longer 
than the branches and give the involucre the appearance of 
heing four-valved. Involucres herbaceous, rather inflated, 
about equal to the tube with a purplifh fphacelate edge, 
terminal one two-flowered with a middle one-valved fpathe, 
the reft generally one-flowered. Tube about equal to the outer 
laming, of a livid yellowifc green ; ungues turbmately patent, 
rather diftant, convolute, of a livid yellow with purphfh 
blotches ; inner ones nearly twice the fhorteft and narrower! ; 
°uter laminae revolutely defle&ed, narrowelt, and rather 
kngeft, oblong oval, rather convey dark dingy purple with 

whitilh 



whitifh ftreaks in the middle of its bafe, inner round-obovate, 
connivent-erect, fubundulate, fubpellucid, purplifh ; ciliasdeep 
yellow with purple-brown tips ; {ligmas ereft-patent, linear- 
oblong, lividly yellow, keel and both lips purplifh ; Segments of 
inner lip revolute, acute; outer quite entire and purple. An- 
thers purplifh, fhorter than the white filaments. Germ fub- 
feffile trigonal-oblong, fix-fulcate, and nearly three times 
fhorter than the tube. Flowers early in May : its bloom is 
fweetifh, and not entirely fcentlefs, as dcfcribed in Hort. Kew. 
where it is fufpefted to be a variety of Iris fambucina ; native 
of the fouthern parts of Europe; cultivated by Miller in 

1758. 

Our fpecimen had rather a larger flower, and its lamina? 
were rather more undulate than ufual. 

The drawing was taken at the Nurfery of Meflrs. Grim- 
wood and Wykes> Kenfington. G. • 



<i* 



[ 6 7 o ] 
Iris Germanica. German Flag. 

Clafs and Order. 



Triandria Monogynia. 



*• 



Generic Charatler.—Vid. N um - 531. 



Specific Cbaratler and Synonyms. 

IRIS germanica (barbata) involucris femiherbaceis, 1 — 2 
floris, tubum includentibus ; foliis faturate virentibus; 
germlnibus tubo fubduplo brevioribus ; laciniis fubaequa- 
li'bus, laminis extimis unguibus duplo longioribus ; itig- 
matibus ellipticis, revolutis, ferratis. G. 

IRIS germanica. Linn. Sp. PL 55. Syji. Vegetal. 85. Reich. 1. 
305. Mat. Med. 4. Hort. Up}. 16. Hall. Heh. 1258. 
Scop. Cam. n. 51. Pollich. Pal. a. 34. fc#- Daupb. 2. 
224. Krock. Silef. n. 56. Blackw. t. 69. Bulliard Herb. 

I. A 14. 7&r/. fcy. 1. 68. ##». /. |?ra. 13. ^0/*- 
/. #?r«. I. 17. 77. 41. #?/A/. Sp. Pi. 1. 229. (exclufis 
Thunberg et Miller) Desf.fi. Atl. 1. 36. 

IRIS fambucina. Thunb. Dijf. 11. p. 10. 

*RIS Jqualens. Mill. Dicl. n. 2. ed. 8. 

IRIS caerulea. Weinm. Pbyt. Ic. y.%, n. 607. 

IRIS vulgaris germanica f. fylveftris. Bauh Pin. 30. 

IRIS vulgaris. Ger. 46. /. 1. emac. 50./. 1. 

IRIS fylveftris. Mattb. 1611. major. Camer. epit. 2. 

IRIS latifolia vulg. caerulea. £for/. £>y?. wr». 8. 5./. 2. 

IRIS latifolia, major vulgaris. Cluf. Hifi. 224. 

*RIS purpurea f. vulgaris. Park. Par. 181. /. 183. /. 2. 

The moft common Purple Flower de Luce. Rait Hifi. 1180. 

V'tygmea. Leyf.fi. Hal. p. 7. ». 34- Hoffm. fi. germ. I. 17. 

II. P. I. 42. 



Plant cefpitofe ; root thick, flefhy, horizontal. Leaves far 
acuminate, nerved, deep-green, purplifli towards the bafe, 

fhorter 



&orter than the item, which is two feet high or more, vrhh 
9 — 3 branches and four ilower-fafcicles. Involucres downwards 
herbaceous, upwards membranous or fcariofe, about equal to 
the tube, which is obtufely trigonal and nearly twice fhorter 
than the ungues > of a dull livid green with purplifh fpots; 
ungues as in Ik is fiortntina s outer laminae broad-oblong, mticfc 
longer than thefe, more ftraightly deflex and flatter than in 
Iris jHoreniina ; inner ones about the fame fize, oblong-obovate, 
Stigmas patently recurved, more elliptic, and with the fer- 
ments of their inner lips lefs divergent, more revolute and 
ferrate than in iKisJioreurina ,- beard and anthers as in thai, or 
perhaps the former may be faid to be fomething lei's yellow ; 
germ fubfeffik, bluntly trigonal, oblong, twice fhorter than 
the tube. Flowers 6 — 12, fragrant, outer laminae purple- 
viofet, with large longitudinal purple veins, inner ones lighter 
and more blue with faint purple veins. 

Native of Germany, Switzerland, Dauphiny, and Italy, 
growing in uncultivated fpots and on old walls ; /3. is found 
near Halle, the Item of this is fcarcely the length of one's 
finger and about the length of the leaver, vet fufficientlv 
diftinfct from Iris ptmih. Desjontai.nes found the fpecies 
in Algiers. 

Thecommoneft Iris in our gardens, where it flowers in 
May and June, is perfeBly hardy, and to be propagated by 
dividing its roots in Autumn ; feldom feeds. 

Cultivated here by Gerard e in 1596. Clusius obferves 
that in his time it was much lefs frequently met with in the 
gardens of Auftria and Hungary than Iris fjmbucinu, and that 
he procured a fupply of feeds for them from the Low Countries. 

A pigment, chiefly ufed by miniature painters, called Ferdelis, 
Vert d'iris or Iris-green, is made from its flowers, which 
are macerated and left to putrifv, when chalk or alum is. 
added. 

The root firft tafted is flightly bitter, prefently producing 
a moft mfufferable heat in the throat, as do the flowers in 
a leiier degree. G, 




■j,ja. ft//,./,-* r.i) 



•'/,;■/// Au<, 



C 6 7 i ] 
Iris Florentina. Florentine Flag. 

f v v *s* ♦ v W*WW*f V™ a r *r *Pv^|p 

C/<z/} ##*/ Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — ^7'i. A 7 "" 2 - 531. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

IRIS florentina (barbata) foliis pallide virentibus, glaucis, 
cau'.e brevioribus ; involucris fphacelato-membranaceis, 
1 — 2 floris, tubo parum brevioribus \ ]aminis extimis 
revoluto-deflexis ; ftigmatibus oblongis, laciniis crefto- 
recurvis. G. 

WIS florentina. Linn. Sp. Pi. 55. Syfl. 88. Reich. 1. 105. 
Mat. Med. 44. Woodv. Med." Bot. 112. Zom. lc. 
186. Blackiv. t. 414. M/7/. D/V7. 22. T^ffffi. £>/#*. 4. 
Lamarck Encyc. 3. 281. Hor/. tew. 1. 68. Afar/. M//? f 
£/#. fVilld. Sp. PI. 1. 227. -Desf. Flor. All. 1. 36. 

JRIS alba florentina. JVeinm. Phyt. lc. v. 3. »« 606. Baub. 
Pin. 31. Theatr. $jj. Ger. 47./. 1. 2. mif^ 52./. i, 2. 

IRK ^- PaK l8 °' fr l8 3* /* 2 - .^^ 7 # 35°- 
Ipi iUyrica vel potius florentina. Cam. Hort. 79. 

miS florentina. #&?$ Hifl. J. 4, /. 5./ 5. Hort. Eyfl. Vem. 
8. 4.y. g. 

RIS flore albo. feL Hifl. 2/719. Raii Hifl. 1180. 
Ki S latifolia major alba. C//^ ////?. 224. 



jl erb cefpitofe. Root thick, flefhy, horizontal. Leaves 
a ? rter ^an the item, enfiform, palifh green, glaucous, about 
fli Tl an( ^ * la '^ *"gb. Stem 2 — 4-branched, round, very 
po t I com P reure ^> branches gradually fhorter .upwards, fup- 
tooft ^ two-valved fpathaceous green braetcs, the lower- 
eel *f which are leaf-like. Involucres 1 — a-flowered, fpha- 
] 0n<T e v membranous* rather longer than the germ, but not fo 
o as the tube. Tube sreenifh, about the length of the 
5 C5 i legments of the corollas equal in length; ungues 

turbinately 



turbinately patent, thofe of the outer fegments twice the 
broadeft and traverfed longitudinally inwards by a narrow 
fillet of white cilias with deep yellow tips, inner ones convo- 
lute ; outer laminae obovate-oblong, flattiih, inner ones oblong- 
obovate, rather the broadeft, upright connivent, while the 
outer ones are revolutely defle£ted. Stigmas pearl-coloured, 
fomewhat oblong, outer lip entire, rounded ; inner bipartite, 
fegments acuminate, fubferrate, upright recurved, not revo- 
lute as in Iris germanica. Germ fubfeflile, trigonal-oblong, 
6-fulcate, longer in proportion than that of germanica ; but ftill 
fhorter than the tube. Whole corolla greyifh white, outer 
fegments with a fomewhat bluer tint; fides of the ungues with 
brownifh or greenifh yellow veins. Blooms in May. 

A native of Italy and other parts of the South of Europe; 
grows plentifully on the walls of Florence ; cultivated here by 
Gerarde in 1596. Desfontaines found it in Algiers, 
where it is fown with germanica about graves ; he doubts it 
they are fpecifically diftincl:. 

The dried root of this plant was formerly ufed in medicine, 
but is now confined to fome infignificant lozenges as an ex- 
pe&orant, and to the manufactory of the perfumer, to whom it 
is known by the name of Orris or Orrice-root, being ufed to 
give to certain articles, fuch as hair-powder, the fcent of 
violets ; that which is ufed for thefe purpofes however is import- 
ed from Leghorn, as what is produced in our climate has neither 
the flavour nor other qualities of the Italian root. Ray fays 
the pigment called Verdelis or Iris-green is made from the 
flowers of this fpecies, while Haller and others fay from 
thofe of Iris germanica. 

It is perfectly hardy ; is propagated by parting its roots in 
Autumn; not quite fo common in our gardens as iRisgtf" 
manica t from which it differs in the colour of its flowers and 
leaves, in the fcent of its dried root, in having its fpathes more 
fphacelate or membranous, and the tube of its corolla not w 
much longer than its germ as in that. Skynner has derived 
Orrice from Iris. G. 



x:Oj-j 




[ 6 7 2 ] 

Geissorhiza Obtusata. Yellow- 
Flowered Geissorhiza. 

Clafs and Order. 

Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic CharatJer. 

Spatha bivalvis herbacea vel fubherbacea, fubinflata, tubo 
aqualis vel longior. Cor. regularis ; tubus turbinatus ; limbui 
fexpartitus, amplus, patens. Stamina re£la, fimul inclinata - T 
Stylus his aitior; Stigmata 3, filiformia, hirtula, revoluto- 
patentia, antheras fuperantia. Capfula membranacea, ovali- 
tngonaj Semina numerofa, parva. G. 

Obs. Bulbus regularis, ovatus, t unlets putam'meis plurimis fugge/lu 
deorfum imbricatis et ab into margine furfum cequaliter fiffis ve/litus. Folia 
radicalia bina, caulvia 1 — 2 frariffime pluraj, remota, deorfum fpathaceo- 
<omioluta y vaginantia et fubventrlcofa. Cautis /implex vel ramofus, uni 
^l multiflorus ; rachis in multifioris prafiexuofa fapiufque refraclo-reclinata y 
floribus JecundiSy ereclis. Spatha valvula extima Jlriatula, deorfum virens, 
fuprafphacelafa, plurlmum truncata et fubtridentata, nunc etiam dente medin 
"rijlatim produclo. Corolla lacinia intima latiores (fetnperne ?) Ex Th un- 
bergio Jimina reniformia. Hue aggreganda Ixia rochenfis fupra 598, 
Ixia fublutea, Lamarck 3. 335, Ixia fecunda, fupra ,597, Ixia 
fetacea, Thunb. Ixia humilis, Thunb. (quas Ixia fctacea, (I. Herb. 
Linn, fil. a p Uc j Herb. Bankf.) Ixia imbricata, de la Roche, (nobis 
Ixia ramofa, fupra ad Ixiae fynopf. f. 3. et Thunb. Ixia fcillaris ; 
oec tamen Linn.) Ixia hirta, Thunb. Ixia inflexa, de la Roche, 
(ciliaris Salifb. ?}. Ixiam humilem jam antea Trichonemati hefi- 
tanter, at male, adjecunus ; vid. fupra 575. (p. 2.) Genus ab Ixia Jla- 
nwibus inclinatis, Trichonemati Jligviatibus baud bifidis, Sparaxide 
JPathis baud laceris, T RlTONlA filament is nee vel curvatis vel adfeenden- 
ttbus, omnibus habit u y apprime dijlinclum. G. 

Specific CharatJer and Synonyms. 
GEISSORHIZA ^/tf>tamultiflora; foliisenfiformi-linearibus, 

rigidiufculis, denfe nervofo-liratis, obtufulis ; 

tubo germine breviore; laciniis turbinato- 

campanulatis, unguiculato-oblongis, acutulis ; 

intimis latioribus. G. 
*"XIA obtufata. S aland, in Herb. Bank/: Synopf; nofi. fupra 

549. feel. 3. 



Bulb ovate, regularly lhaped, covered with many brown, 
"frell-Hke tunics (not fibrous) placed one over the other, and 

imbricating 



imbricating downwards, fplit regularly from the lower edge 
upwards into equal fegments. Root leaves two, enfiform-linear, 
rather ftiff, fubobtufe, fhorter than the ftem, fluted by many 
clofe prominent nerves; Item leaf convolutely fheathing down- 
wards. Stem 4 — 6 inches high, trigonal, fhort from the bulb 
to the rachis, fometimcs one-branched, 4 — 8-flowered, with a 
deeply flexuofe rachis, which is fometimes upright, at others 
refracledly reclined. Outer valve of the fpathe green, large, 
that of the upper ones truncately fubtridentate, of the lower 
ones with the middle tooth elongated. Corolla large, fcentlefs, 
turbinately campanulate, tube fliorter than the germ; Segments 
fubacute, inner ones far broadeft, ligulately obovate or fpatu- 
lately oblong, outer ones ligulately cuneate ; all ftreaked by 
numerous longitudinal tranfparent veins converging downwards. 
Stamens twice fhorter than the corolla ; filaments ftraight, fe- 
micylindric, white, longer than the anthers, fomewhat de- 
clined ; anthers linear-fagittate. Piftil nearly equal to the 
corolla ; flyle white, filiform, ftigmas recurvedly patent, hairy, 
overtopping the anthers. Germ green, turbinate, trigonal. 

Our plant has a prima facie refemblance to Sparaxis 
hulbifera, fupra No. 545; but if critically examined, will be 
found in reality to differ in almoft every particular. 

This very rare fpecies was received from the Cape by Mr. 
Hibbert, in whofe confervatory it flowered in May, molt 
probably for the firft time in Europe; indeed all the fpecies 
of this genus are rare with us, fecunda, fupra No. 597, being 
the mod common in our collections ; they may all be eafily 
known on their firft arrival from the Cape, by the angularity 
of their bulbs, from amongft thofe of the reft of their order. 

Our generic name is compofed of yn<r<row, in Jubgrund£ 
modum conformare, and f ,£*, radix : from the appearance of the 
bulb as above defcribed. Requires the fame treatment as 

I X I A. G. 



Crocus, fupra No. 652. 

In linea ultima ohfervationis, dele *« Capfula recondita;" addequc " Exa- 
mine altiui rccondtto, increfcenie /capo, emmet e terra matura capfula et dtbijat «* 
tatim. Semiaa fubratunda." G. 



N°6p 




' TJmmi •:■/ Pjth. by TCurtir,, f*G& • < "t far, /J-, ? 



C 673 1 

Nicotiana Undulata. New-Holland 
Tobacco. 

C/j/x #»i Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. infundibuliformis limbo plicato. Stam. inclinata. Cap/. 
2-valvis, 2-locularis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

NICOTIANA undulata; foliis radicalibus ovatis fubundu- 
latis obtufis : caulinis acutis, tubo longiffimo, 
limbo piano obtufiflimo. 

NICOTIANA foliis radicalibus fubfpathulatis j caulinis 
petiolatis, ovatis, undulatis, acuminatis, flori- 
bus obtufis. Jar din de Malmaifon, livr. 2. 



Desc. Root perennial. Radical leaves peduncled, oblong- 
ovate, obtufe, fomewhat waved, veined and hairy on the under 
forface and nearly fmooth on the upper. Stalk-leaves feffile, 
acute, fomewhat waved at the bafe, chiefly at the bottom of the 
J em - Stem naked above except a few diftant fubulate foales. 
Flowers panicled, few, nodding, fragrant at night but not in the 
day-time, white: Calyx half five-cleft, channelled, acute, per- 
cent. Corolla one-petaled, funnel-fhaped : tube very long, 
cylindrical, greenifh, hairy: border flat, half five-cleft: fegmems 
obtufe, curioufly folded both before expanding and when fading, 
^tamensfive, four of the filaments very fhort or entirely wanting, 
th e anthers being attached to the mouth of the tube, the fifth fila- 
J* en t is half the length of the tube, to the bafe of which it is in- 
serted. Germen ovate, orange-coloured at the bafe, one-celled ; 
bt yle the length of the tube : Stigma globular. Capfule ereft, 
° n e-celled, fplitting at the point into four fegments. Seeds 
min ute, kidney-fhaped, rough. 

From 



From the very barren information we have received con- 
cerning this plant, we can only learn, that it grows in the 
neighbourhood of Port- Jackfon, and that the fettlers have 
already found out how to apply it to the purpofes of Tobacco. 
It flowered in Kew Garden lait year. 

Our drawing was taken at the Botanic Garden, Brompton, 
in May laft» where it was kept in the ftove, and in this fitua- 
tion it continued flowering in July, and had ripe feeds and 
flowers at the fame time. , 

Is eafily propagated by feeds, which fhould be fown on a 
hot-bed. 

In the fecond number of the Jardin de Malmaifon, pointed 
out to us fince the above was prepared for the prefs, by our 
friend Mr. Konig, there is a very excellent figure of this 
plant, from whence we have adopted the fpecific name, al- 
though not very appropriate, the leaves being a very little 
undulate at the bate only. The capfule is there faid to be 
two-celled; to us, both in the germen and the ripe feed-veffel, 
it appears to be one-celled, and in this refpeet different from 
its congeners. The cauline leaves in the feveral fpecimens that 
we have feen are confined to the lower part of the Item and are 
not properly petiolated ; but as they are narrowed towards the 
bafe, fome may choofe to confider the narrow part as the 
foot-Mai k with the leaf decurrent down it. Is faid to have 
fome relation to Nicotian a plumhaginifolia of M.Dinegro,* 
which we have not feen. 



* Etenchus Plant. Hort. Bot. J.C. Dinecro, 4to. Getnue, ii 




J /*',/»,,„.,■. ,/,/ />,,/, j n y ( > u/ .£ 



C 674 3 

Protea Lepidocarpon. Black-Flowered 

Protea. 

C/#/} #«*/ Order. 
Tetrandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character, 

Cor. 4-petala (petalis fubinde vario modo cohaerentibus) 
Anthers infertae petalis infra apicem. Sem. 1, fuperum, 
nudum. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

PROTEA Lepidocarpon ; floribus folitariis : radio calycino 

fpathulato incurvo barbato, foliis lanceolatis. 
PROTEA Lepidocarpodendron. Linn. Mant. 190. Recenf 

Repof. Botan. 30. 
LEUCADENDRON Lepidocarpodendron. Spec. PL 134. 
LEPIDOCARPODENDRON folio faligno viridi : nervo et 

margine flavo, cono longo fuperiore parte maxirae 

claufo. Boerb. Ind. alt. 189. 
PROTEA fpeciofa. Tbunk Dijf. 53. 
PROTEA fpeciofa nigra. Bot. Repof. t. 103. 



Thunberg, by uniting this with fpeciofa, has occafioned 
conGderable confufion, few plants that are of near kindred 
being more diftinct. It is a handfome fhrub, much branched. 
Leaves feflile, lanceolate, quite entire, fmooth, thick, rigid, 
minutely dotted on both fides, cartilaginoufly margined, ter- 
minated with a black callous point molt vifible on the under 
»de. Flower folitary, terminal, feflile, inverfely conical. Outer 
kales of the calyx brown, ovate, recurved at the point, ciliated 
^>th white hairs: inner ones very long, fpatular-fhapcd, in- 
curved at the point, greenifh at the lower part, black velvetty 

upwards, 



upwards, and terminated with a long black fur tipped with 
•white. Corollas many, enclofed : Petals two inches long, 
hairy, and terminated in a brufh : three of them united to- 
gether and one diftinct. Germen furrounded with brown 
briftles. Receptacle chaffy. 

Our drawing was taken at Mr. Woodford's, Vauxhall, in 
April. 

Is propagated by cuttings. A native of the Cape of Good 
Hope. Requires the fhelter of a greenhoufe except in the 
Summer months* 



M>7A 



?'' 




SyiEJ^^L J4 



[ 675 3 
Orobus Varius. Particoloured Bitter- 
Vetch. 

Oafs and Order. 

DlADELPHIA DECANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Stylus linearis. Cal. bafi obtufus : laciniis fuperioribus pro- 
fundionbus, brevionbus. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

OROBUS varius ; foliis fubquadrijugis lineari-lanceolatis, fti- 

pulis femifagittatis integerrimis, caule alato fuperne 

fubramolo. Solander MSS. 
OROBUS foliis pinnatis lineari-lanceolatis decurrentibus, fti- 

pulis femifagittatis, caule fimplici. Mill. Dicl. ed. 

1 759. n. 5. 
OROBUS anguftifolius italicus {lore vario. Tournef. hjl 393. 
OROBUS verficolor foliis quadrijugis : ftipulis fagittatis lan- 

ceolatis pedunculis axillaribus angulatis. Syft. Nat. 

Gmel. 1108 ? Voy. Sup. PL Ehr. t. 107./. 2. 



Orobus anguftifolius, albus, and varius, have fo near an 
affinity to each other, that fome Botanifts have confidered them 
** mere varieties ; they appear to us however to be fufficiently 
Q'ftintt fpecies. Our plant is diftinguimed by the winged 
ltal k, which is more fpreading and branched, by the greater 
dumber of pairs of leaflets and of flowers on one peduncle, 
and by the colour of the latter, which does not feem difpofed 
to vary. 

Il appears to have been known to Miller before the year 
p759> but was probably foon loft. In the new edition by 
£ r °feflbr Martyn, we find no trace of it, though we have 
lrc ^uently obferved it in different collections about London 

for 



for thefe five years paft. A native of Italy, and fufficiently 
hardy to bear the cold of our Winters. Eafily propagated 
by offsets from the roots, but rarely produces feed with us. 
Is worthy of culture, both to ornament the parterre and par- 
ticularly for mixing with other flowers in the formation of 
bouquets. 

Our drawing was taken at the Botanic Garden, Brompton. 

Orobus vcrficolor of Gmelin is probably our plant, but as 
we have not had it in our power to examine the figure he 
refers to, and as neither Willdenow nor Marty n have 
adopted it, we have rather chofe to retain the name by which 
it 'is well known in our gardens, than upon uncertain grounds 
to follow an author whofe innumerable blunders have rendered 
his work nearly obfolete. 



K7rr> 




oyiJEilwtiriL A?l 



[ e 7 e ] 

Anthyllis ErinaCea. Prickly 
Anthyllis. 

Clafs and Order. 

DlADELPHIA DECANDRIA. 

Generic Characler. 
Cal. ventricofus. Legumen fubrotundum tectum. 

1 Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

ANTHYLLIS Erinacea ; fruticofa fpinofa foliis fimplicibus. 

Sp. PL 1014. Reich. 3. 437. Hort. Kew. 3. 

p. 26. Martyn Mill. Did. n. 15. Bot. Rep. 

t. 15. Desf. At I. 2. p. 152. 
GENISTA fpartium fpinofum ; foliis Lenticulae, floribus ex 

caeruleo purpurafcentibus. Bauh. Pin. 394. 
ERINACEA. Cluf. Hiji. 1. p. 107. Hifp. 214. 



A native of Valencia and Morocco. We can fympathife 
^th Clusius in the fenfations he mull have experienced, 
on firft difcovering this truly elegant little fhrub, at that 
time totally unknown to every other Botanilt. 

The finding his little beauty, armed at all points againft his 
invading gripe, whilft it deferred his poffeflion, muft have 
prolonged his pleafure, and added to the value of his prize ; 
well might he exu kingly ftyle it " plane nova et tola elegant*." 

Clusius gave it the name of Erinacea from the vulgar 
a Ppellation of the inhabitants Erizo, which fignifies a hedge- 
hog. Linn^us confidered it as a fpecies of Anthyllis, 
^ith which it agrees in the form of its flower, but in habit is 
certainly widely different from moft of its congeners. 

• «« A plant undoubtedly new and full of beauty." 

It 



It is a greenhoufe plant, and can be propagated we believe 
only by feeds, which it produces very fparingly, even in its 
native country j neither Clusius nor Desfontaines could 
find any. 

This may account for its {till being a rare plant, though 
cultivated by Miller in the year 1759. 

Prof. Martyn, from DelaBillardiere, fpeaks of it as grow- 
ing to the height of nine or ten feet, which mud furely be a 
imftake, perhaps of feet for inches. 

According to Desfontaines, it flowers in the Winter, but 
with us in the Spring. 

Our drawing was taken in May, at the garden of E. J. A. 
Woodford, Efq. Vauxhall. 




J 



Ffrjl 



Pui.br X 



t 677 1 
Silene Vespertina. Morocco Catchfly. 

CLifs and Order. 
Decandria Tkigynia. 

Generic Characler. 

Cal. ventricofus. Pelala 5, unguiculata : coronata ad faucem. 
Cap/. 3-locularis. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms, 

SILENE vefperiina ; calycibusclavatisdecem-ftriatis fecundis: 

fru&iferis ereclis, petalis bipartilis, corona connata, 

foliis fpathulatis bafi ciliatis. 
SILENE vefperiina, petalis bifidis, neftario connato, floribus 

alternis. Retz. Obf. 3. p. 31. Willd. Sp. PL v. 2. 

p. 699. 
SILENE bipartita, foliis inferioribus fpathulatis, floribus ra- 

cemofis fecundis nutamibus; petalis bipartkis. Desf. 

Atl. v. 1. p. 352. /. 100. 



Drscr. Root annual. Stem branched, round : branches 
oppofite and alternate. Leaves oppofite, lower ones fpatula- 
ihaped, ciliated at the bafe, rather flefhy, quite entire : upper 
ones more lanceolate. Flowers alternate, fecund, nodding, 
generally on double unequal racemes, with a folitary flower in 
the dififion. Calyx perfiftent, club-fhaped, ten-ftriped: (tripes 
green, interfaces fubdiaphanous, five-toothed : teeth ihorr, 
connivent, villous-edged. Petals 5, clawed, connected to- 
gether by the crown : limb divided to the bafe. Filaments 10, 
affixed to the receptacle, the length of tbc caws. Anthers in- 
cumbent, marked on the upper furface with two purple {tripes. 
Germen ovate, fupported on a five-furrowed club-fhaped re- 
ceptacle, elevated within the calyx to nearly half its length. 
Stigmas revoltite, fpiral, villous on the inner fide. Capfule 
opening with fix teeth. Seeds many, kidney-fhaped. The 
"whole plant is {lightly pubefcent and not clammy. 

The 



The defcnption by Retz is very accurate, but as ours 
was made before we had feen his, we have thought proper to 
infert it. From a comparifon of the two, there can remain 
no doubt that this is really the Silene vefperiina of the above 
author, although fuppofed by Desfonjain ks to have been 
an undefcnbed fpecies, and accordingly renamed by him. 

It is a lively annual, fit for the decoration of the border, of 
eafy culture, but not of any great beauty, and fhould be fown 
in patches in the Spring, where the plants are intended to re- 



main. 



Retz has not informed us of its native country, but we 
learn from Desfontaines, that it grows in the corn fields 
about Sbiba in Morocco. 



[ 6 7 8 ] 

Tritonia Crispa. Curled-Leaved 
Tritonia. 

Oafs and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Charafier.—Fid. N os - 581 & 609, — ibique pro "fcariqfa" 
lege " furfu in f car/of a," 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

TRITONIA crifpa ; foliis bad petioloideo-anguftatis fupra 
undulato-crifpis fetalis brevibus marginatis, fpa- 
this glaberrimis fubherbaceis, corolla irregulari 
fubringenter patente : tubo fpatha 3 — 4plo lon- 
giore. G. 

GLADIOLUS crifpns. Linn. Suppl. 94. Thanh. Dijf. n. 7. 
/. 1. /. 2. Prod. 8. Jaiq. Ic. rar. 2. /. 267. 
Coll. 5. 27. Lamarck Encyc. 3. 728. Hart. Kew. 
add. 481. Mart. Mill. Dift. mild. Sp. PL 2. 
210. 

GLADIOLUS laceratus foliis enfiformibus, laceris; floribus 
fecundis, tubo filiformi longifliino. Burm. Prod. ? 

O bs. Hanc fimul cum Gi a d 10 lo Jlriafo, Jacq. et Gl ad 10 lo pe£iinato> 
" e rb. Bank/, generi Tritonia jamprimum adfcribimu?, hactenus ob 
^uandam roliorum fpatharum et bulborum difcrepantiam lisfitantes. G. 



Bulb-tuber oblong-ovate covered by fibrous tunics of a 
j'gntifh. brown colour and loofe texture, not reticulated with 
Jar gifh mefhes as is ufual in mod fpecies. Leaves from fmooth, 
r <>Und, fheaihing, petiole-like bates enlarged into linear-lanceo- 
ate » acuminate blades, nerved, fomewhat glaucous, undulately 
Cr, 'p and edged with fhort glandular hairs or bri diets. Stem 
green, round, ftiffifh, fmooth, flexuofe, fomewhat longer than 
fte fQot leaves, iimple or branched, with one or two leaves, 

the 



the upper one of which is flat and not curled ; flowers 5—7, 
uprfght, fecund, fcentlefs. Spathes two-valved, fubherbaceous, 
very fmooth, not nerved or ftreaked, four times ihorter than 
the tube, outer valve fphacekte and brown at the tip. Tube 
three times longer than the border, {lightly curved, from a 
narrow filiform bafe gradually widened upwards. Limb fix- 
parted, unequal, irregular ; fegments equal in length, conni- 
vent downwards, upwards fubringently patent ; three upper 
ones largeft and more diverging, oblong-obovate, obtufe, un- 
guiculate, flat, all of one colour, pinkifh white within, and 
deeper pink without, the middle the broadeft ; three lower 
ones equal, ligulate, obtufe, fubventricofely or gibboufly con- 
nivent, propendently patent upwards, the middle one fometimes 
rather the largeft of the three; ungues fubconvohucly concave, 
flamed with purple inwards, having a longitudinal ftripe of 
the fame colour above. Stigmas recurved, rather longer than 
the anthers, which are fagittate-linear and violet-coloured. 

Flowers in June ; requires the treatment of its congeners, 
but is not quite fo free to blow ; peflinata and Jlriata we have 
never feen in any garden in this country ; the three feem to 
connect this genus with Babiana, from which they differ in 
feed, fpathe, bulb, and habit. 

Found by Thunberg at the Cape on the Rodefand-H»ls 
and Picketberg. Introduced into Kew Gardens by Mr. Mas- 
son in 1787. 

Our drawing was taken at the Nurfery of MefiYs. Grim- 
wood and Wykes, Kenfington, where it flowered in great 
perfection in June. G, 



Note. In Mor^a, Ixia, Sparaxide, Tritonia, Babiana. 
Lapeyrousia, Geissorhiza, Trichonemate, MelaspH - 
rula, Antholyza, Watsonia et Gladioeo, paflirn P 
" Bulbus et Bulb," lege " Bulbo-tuber et Bulb-tuber," 




irj, &i. Piifr frv T. c 'urtif, , /'/ /,'- >c:l ■■ 



[ 6 79 ] 
Iris Lusitanica. Portuguese Flag, 

Cfo/> tfj/i Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character.— Vid. N um - 531. 

Specific Cbaracler and Synonyms.* 

IRIS hfiianica (imberbis) involucro fubunifloro, laciniis 
extimis parum longioribus fubturbinato-patentibus, 
laminis revoluto-deflexis : intimis ex ereftis incurvulo- 
conniventibus, harumque laminis lanceolato-oblongis 
lateribus reflexulis, germine fubinclufo. G. 

IRIS fordida. Soland. Herb. Bank/. 

IRIS bulbofa lutea inodora major. Bauh. Pin. 39. Mori/. 
Hiji. P. II. feci. 4. v. 1. p. 358. 

IRIS bulbofa IIII. five lutea. Cluf. Hiji. 21a. fig. V. Baub. 
Hijl. 2. 705. 

IRIS 5. Raii Hiji. 1130. 

IRIS bulbofa flore lu-teo. Ger. emac. 101. 

IRIS bulbofa variegata. /&r/. igjA 0^. 4- '^- « »i / 2 - 

IRIS bulbofa lutea\nixta. A/or//. Hijl. feci. 4. /. 7. / 10. 

IRIS bulbofa flavo flore. rrf. ^./. g. 

HYACINTHUS poetarum luteus. Lob. Ic. 95. 



We regret that the pure yellow variety of this fpecies had 
not been reprefented in our plate rather than the prefent in 
*hich a mixture of blue and violet appears, efpecial ly as that 
is the one figured and defcribed in Clusius, by whofe cuts 
it is, as well as Iris Xipbium and xipbioides, excellently charac- 
terized ; our plant is however Solanders Iris fordida. 
From Iris Xipbium* the clofeft relative, it differs 1.1 having the 
germen almoft completely enclofed within the involucre; in 
the outer fegments being turbinated recurved, not rotately or 
horizontally fo, and in their being rather longer than the inner 
ones- in having its outer ungues all the way broader than 



the ftigmas, and in thefe having the keel or ridge far more 
elevated and enlarged where continued into the lamina ; the 
inner fegments are alfo linear-lanceolate, ereft, incurvedly 
fubconnivent, flattifh, reflected at their fides, undulate, emar- 
ginate, not turbinately divergent, oblanceolate and convolute 
as in that; nor does the inner lip of the ftigmas reach beyond 
the middle of the lamina, which is recurvedly deflected, whereas 
in that it is equal in length to about three parts of the lamina. 
The flowers are fcentlefs, expanding in June. Agrees in 
habit and in every thing, except in what is above mentioned, 
with Iris Xiphium. 

Found by Clusius in rich fpots, as well as on rocky hills, 
near the Tagus above Lifbon. 

Quer, in hif Horn Efpagnol y makes Iris alataoi Lamarck 
(his Xipbion 1. and the Iris bulbofa latifolia, Jive I. of Clu- 
sius) a variety of Iris Xiphium; though to all appearances 
no two f'pecies can be well more diftinft ; the firft, with Iris 
(nobis Mor^a) Sifyrinchiitm t vfc were anxious to have laid before 
the public, as fpecies fo well known to all the older Botanifts 
and Gardeners, but which feem now entirely loft to our col- 
lections, for upon repeated fearches and inquiries we can no 
where hear of their now being in this country ; Parkinson 
remarks the difficulty of preserving the former (not enume- 
rated in Hort. Kew. though the latter is) and attributes it to 
tendernefs ; which moft probably has been the caufe of the 
lofs of both. The firft is a native of Andalufia, growing 
in the woods on the Guadiana near Antequera and Cordova, 
and called by the Spaniards Lirio Espadagnal or Azul; 
the other is found near Lifbon, where the roots are faid to be 
eaten under the name of Nozelhas; a leiTer plant, fup- 
pofed to be a variety of the laft, is found in Valencia. 

If, notwithftanding the information we have received, they 
fliould ftill exift in the colleaion of any friend to our attempts 
to illuftrate this order of plants, we fhould be highly obliged 
by the opportunity being afforded us of defcribing°and figuring 
them. Both were lately and perhaps ftill are cultivated in the 
Botanic Garden at Paris. G. 



Note. In giving the fpecific chafers in this genus, we give them 
as if the plants ftood under their different fubdivifions ; as frr inftance, 
the prefent as placed under that containing fpecies " with bulbous roots 
" and channeled leaves, &c." otherwiie thefe charaaeriiUcs ftoul* 
be given u\ preference to any others. 



A'(M< 




[ 680 ] 

Babiana Tubiflora (£). Long-Tubed 
Babiana. 

»# »ifr +$ & $% 1 fr ♦ ♦ ■t i t ♦# * -*- 

Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — Fid. N um - 576. — quo pro " Semina pauca, 
" angulata," lege " Semi n a plura, baccata, corrugata, lu- 
" cida." — Eodemque pod " pubefcens" infere " Semina 
" rotunda vel turbinata, mutua preflione varie angulata ; 
" integumentum medium pulpofum, molle, atro-purpu- 
" rafcens." G. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

BABIANA tubiflora ; foliis fpathifque diftichis hirfutis mol- 
libus, tubo refto filiformi-turbinato limbum irre- 
gularem 3 — 4plo excedente, lacinia fuprema re- 
motiore : caeteris convergentibus, fcapo foliis 
plicatis perbreviore. G. 

W G L A D 1 LU S tubiflorus. Linn. Suppl. 96*. Syfl. Vegetab. 
Murr. 85. Tbunb. Diff. n. 23. /. 2./. 2. Hort. 
Kew. 1. p. 62. Lamarck Encycl. 3. 728. Jacq. 
Coll. 3. 271. Ic rar. 2. t. 266. Willd. Sp. PL 1. 

219. 

(P) GLADIOLUS tubatus. Jacq. Ic. rar. 2. /. 264. Coll. 5. 
18. Willd. Sp. \. 219. 

GLADIOLUS longiflorus. Bot. Rep. t. 5. ejufd. Recenf. Gla- 
diolus tubiflorus. 

J XIA tubulofa. Burnt. Prod, uf 

Si SYRlNCHIUiVL Africanum minimum floribus longiffimo 
tubo donatis, foliis gramineis hirfutis. Herm. Cat. 
PL Afric. 20. f 

W GLADIOLI tubati varietas. Jacq. Ic. rar. 2. /. 265. Coll. 
Suppl. 19. 



Since we gave the character of this genus, we have had an 
°Pportunity of examining the fruit of many of its fpecies ; and 

have 



have been enabled to add the above character from thence, which 
will afhii confiderably in difiinguifhing it from Ixia, Tri- 
ton i a, Spar ax is, Watson i a, Antholyza, and the 
Cape Gladioli. We can fee no caufe for making two fpe- 
cies of the above plants, as Jacquin has done, attributing to 
the one a three-valved, to the other a two-valved fpathe, 
when in fact their fpaihes differ only in fize and are as ufual 
in the genus. 

Bulb-tuber ovate, far acuminate, covered with feveral thin, 
dark-brown, membranous tunics. Leaves plicate, hirfute, 
except their petiole- like bafes, which are fmooth and naked. 
Scape reclined, very fhort, not reaching beyond the above- 
mentioned bafes, round, hirfute. Spike didich. Spathes im- 
bricate, hirfute, {freaked, outer valve broad-fubulate, con- 
volute-concave, green with a brown fphacelate tip. Flowers 
about four inches or more in length, 5 — 7 or more in number, 
without any external pubefcence, generally reaching fomewhat 
higher than the leaves, upright; tube long, 2 — 3 times the 
length of the fpathes, filiform, upwards gradually enlarged 
into a fhort turbinate faux. Limb unequal, irregular from 
campanulate fubringently and recurvedly patent, 3 — 4 times 
fhorter than the tube ; Segments equal in length, oblong, un- 
guiculate, flat, acute : the upper deeped, feparated from 
each other, diftantly diverging: uppermoft one the broadeft 
and fomewhat lefs patent: lower ones converging, their centre 
one the fmalleft and not fo deeply feparated from its tide ones 
as the reft are from each other; the ungues of thefe lower- 
mofl ones form a kind of inflated throat ; the three outer 
fegments, viz. the two upper fide ones, and the lower middle 
one, are precifely of the fame fhape, mucronate and fome- 
thing the narrowed. Tube violet, limb a pale dull ftratf 
colour on the infide, three lower fegments ftained with a 
blood-red fubhaftately triangular mark. Organs adfeendent, 
reaching to about the top of the ungues, anthers dark-coloured, 
ftigmas the colour of the limb and about the length of the 
anthers. Capfule quite fmooth, naked. 

Found by Thunbf.rg at the Cape of Good Hope, in the 
diftria of Swartland. Introduced into Kew Gardens by 
Mr. Masson, in 1774. 

Our drawing was made at Meffrs. Grimwood and Wy&£ s * 
Nurfery. It is eafily propagated both by feed and offsets. & 




x p 6si 



Sni£J^^dd. F>i/>J>v T, 



[ 68 1 ] 
Iris Graminea. Grass-Leaved Flag. 

'♦ ' $'$'# $ $ |f i frftftjfr * ■$■ $ ■ $ $)£♦ . 

CAz/} and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. — Fid. N am - 531. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms, 

IRIS graminea i involucro unico, 1 — 2-fioro, herbaceo ; foliis 

gramineis, nervofo-ftriatis, caule ancipite altioribus; 

germine ventricofo-ovali, alato-hexagono, lacii.iis ex- 

timis fubre&o-patemibus 2 — 3plo breviore ; ftigmatibus 

arcuato-incumbentibus. G. 
IRIS graminea. Sp. PL 58. Syjt. Veg. 91. Reich. 1. 109. 

Hort. Oiff. 9, 10. Upf. 17. Thnnk Difi 6. Scop. Cam. 

n. 50. Jacq. Aujir. 1. 5. /. 2. Krock. Silef. n. 61. Mill. 

Did. 2. Hoffm. Germ. 14. Hort. Kezv. 1. 73. Mart. 

Mill. Dia. mild. sp. pi. 1. 236. 

IRIS prunum redolens minor (*). Weinm. Phyt. Icon. n. 613. 

IRIS anguftifolia prunum redolens. Baub. Pin. 33. 

IRIS anguftifolia VI. Cluf. Hiji. 230. 

IRIS graminea. Bauh. HiJl. 2. 727. Rati Hifl. 1189. 

CHAMj£IRIS. Dod. pempt. 247. tenuifolia. Ger. 52. /. 5, 

mar. 56. /. 6. 
CHAM^IXYRIS anguftifolia. Lob. ic. 6 9 . 



Herb very clofely cefpirofe. Leaves enfiform-linear, nar- 
r ° w > grafs-like, nerved-ftreaked, deep green. Stem fhorter than 
. e ' e » from about nine inches to a foot high, ancipital, fimple, 
with one flower-fafcicle. Involucre herbaceous, valves acu- 
minate, fometimes foliaceoufly elongated and equal to the 
e aves ; a fingie membranous valve feparates the flowers ; pe- 
dicles longer than the germ, which is 2 — 3 times fhorter than 
ne flower, ventricofely oval and winged-hexagonal ; tube very 

fhort, 



fhort, green, fuburceolate ; ex-terior ungues fubrotately patent, 
oblong-oval, convolute-concave, broader than the ftigmas, 
three times longer and even fomewhat broader than the la- 
minae, which are ovate and fubconvolute ; inner fegments 
about equal to the ftigmas, ftraight and fomewhat upright, 
ungues linearly conduplicate, laminae oblong, fubconvolute, 
twice longer than thefe ; ftigmas arched-patent, oblong, nar- 
rowing downwards, keeled, with their fides but (lightly turned 
back, equal to the outer ungues, inner lip bipartite with its 
fegments fubdentate, bifarioufty diverging, oppofue, recurved ; 
exterior lip bifid, fegments mucronate, deflefted ; filaments 
brown, flat-fubulate, nearly twice the length of the anthers. 
Style even fhorter than tube. 

The flowers expand in June and have a fcent fomething 
like that of frefh plums. A native of Auftria, perfectly hardy, 
and will grow in any fituation. 

Our drawing was taken at the Nurfery of Meffrs. Whitley 
and Co. Brompton. Cultivated here by Gerarde, in 
1597. G. 



[ 632 ] 

Lupinus Arboreus. Tree Lupin* 

Clafs and Order. 

DlADELPHIA DECANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. 2-labiatus. Anthers 5-obIongae, 5 fubrotundse. Le- 
lumen coriaceum. 

Specific Char abler and Synonyms. 

LUPINUS arbor eus ; fruticofus, calycibus verticillatis inap- 
pendiculatis pedicellatis : labiis acutis integerrimis. 



Desc. A low fhrub. Trunk woody, branches fucculent. 
Leaves petiolated, grow at their firft coming out in alternate 
Fafcicles about four together : leaflets lanceolate, broadeft to- 
wards the point, acuminate, (lightly pubefcent or filky under- 
neath. Stipule tubulate. Flowers in terminal, diftantly verti- 
cillated fpikes, 3 — 5 in each whorl, with pedicles nearly the 
length of the flower, fweet-fcented. Calyx bilabiate : lips entire, 
acute, keeled ; the upper one fhorteft. Corolla yellow ; vrxiU 
wm orbiculate, reflected at the fides : aloe large, covering the 
carina and joined together at the point: carina acute black- 
pointed. Pod flat, pointed at both ends. Seeds fomewhat ob- 
long, very little flattened, mining' black. 

Lamarck has enumerated in the Encyclopcedia feveral fpe- 
C1 cs with a fhrubby fialk, all natives of South-America; the 
one he calls multiflorus appears to refemble our plant in its 
foliage, but to be very different in its flowers : all the others 
a re quite diflimilar. 

Our drawing was made at MefTrs. Grim wood and Wykes's, 
Kenfmi>ton, in July 1801. It is ufually treated as a green- 
boufe plant, but at the Botanic Garden, Oxford, we obferved 
lr > the fame year a large fhrub growing in the open ground 
ln a fheltered fituation, in front of the greenhoufe, where it 
produced abundance of ripe feeds. 

Its native country is unknown to us. 




w Tui. 



xtSeik'i 



C 68 3 ] 

Spartium Monospermum. White Single- 
Seeded Broom. 

■% JJHfHJI -$-$-$4 fdjt % ■■%■ % £-£ 4H|h 

Oafs and Order. 

DlADELPHIA DECANDRIA. 

Generic Charatler. 

Stigma longitudinale fupra villofum. Filam. germini adha:- 
rentia. Cal. deorfum productus. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

SPARTIUM monofpertnum ,• ramis teretibus (triatis, racemis 
paucifloris: florihus fuhaggregatis, foliis lanceo- 
latis fericeis. Her/. Knv. 3. p. 10. 

SPARTIUM monofpermum. Spec. Plant. 995. Reich. 3. />. 
401. Syfi. Veg. 643. Desf. All. 2. p. 129. 

SPARTIUM tertium flore albo. Bauh. Pin. 369. 

SPARTIUM tertium hifpanicum. Ctuf. Hift. t. p. 103. 

SPARTIUM fecundum hifpanicum. Cluj. Hifp. 206. quoad 
defcriptionem*. 

A tall fhrub with very {lender flexile branches, from the 
fides of which the flowers grow crowded together on fhort 
footftalks. When very young it has fimple lanceolate leaves, 
but thefe fall off before the plant comes into flower, when 
it is entirely leaflefs. 

A native of Spain, Portugal, and Morocco, growing in fandy 
places near the fea, where, according to Desfontaines, it 
makes a very beautiful appearance, being covered with a pro- 
'ufion of fnow-white flowers. 

To be treated as a hardy greenhoufe plant, rather impatient 
°f water or damp air. Flowers in May. May be propagated 
^ feeds or cuttings. Introduced in 169O by Mr. Ben tick. 

Our drawing was taken at the Nurfery of Meffrs. Grimwood 
and Wykes. 

4 

* It appears to us, that in Cluf. Stirp. Htfpatr. the figure referred to Spar- 
Ti um primum really belongs to Spartium fecundum, and that this miftake 
* a s afterwards transferred to his general hiitcry, and thence copied by every 
'"cceeding author ; whether this conjecture be well-founded or not, certainly 
** fi gure referred to the fpecies with yellow flowers moft refembles our plant. 



[ 68 4 1 

Nympilea Advena. Three-Coloured 
Water-Lily. 

Clafs and Order. 

POLYANDRIA MoNOGYNIA. 

Generic Characler. 

Cor. polypetala. Cal. 4 — 6 phyllus. Bacca mukilocularis 
truncata. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

NYMPH^A advena; foliis cordatis integerrimis ; Iobis di- 

varicatis, calyce hexaphyllo petalis longiore. 

Hon. Kew. 2. p. 226. IVilld. Sp. PI. 2. p. 1152. 

Mart. Mill. Dicl. n. 1. 
NYMPH^EA floribus flavis. Clayton in Gron. Virg. ed. i. 

p. 164. 



The full defcription given in Hortus Kewen/is, and translated 
by Profeflbr Maktyn in his very valuable edition of Mil- 
ier's Dictionary, renders it unnecelTary to fay more here than 
that we have remarked one of the three external calycine 
leaflets to be ufually larger than the other two, and more or 
lefs yellow; fometimes it grows as large as the internal ones 
and refembles them in colour. The internal petal like caly- 
Clr »e leaflets are likewife fomewhat unequal in fize and vary in 
colour, being more or lefs tinged with dull purple within. The 
petals, as thefe parts have been ufually called in this genus, 
' n number fixteen, are fo fmall as fcarcely to appear in the 
^gure, being very nearly concealed by the reflected anthers. 

Is a native of North-America, and hardy enough to bear 
the cold of our Winters, but does not blow very freely. 

Our drawing was taken at Meffrs. Whitley and Brame's, 
yld-Brompton, in June 1802, where it flowered, in a ciftern, 
in the ftove. Introduced by Mr. William Young in 1772. 
Unaffifted by artificial heat, it generally flowers in July. 



C &5 3 

Iris Pallida. Pale Flag. 

•#- #■ ^ #- $ #■ *-& -# #. # # #. 

C/tf/jr tf/n/ Order. * 

T R I A N D K I A M ONOCY N I A. 

Generic €kara£!er.i*~l*td. N Hm - 531. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 
IRIS pallida (barbala) foliis pallidifTime glauccfcentibus ; in- 

volucris 1—2 (loris. corrugaio- ct membranaceo- 

fphacelatis, albefcentibus ; unguibus campanulatis, con- 

tingentibus ; laciniis aequalibus, extimis ictalis j genuine 

tubum zequante. (/. 
IRIS pallida. Lamarck Encyc. 3, 294. IVilU. Sp, PI. 1. 230. 

(exclufa varietate minore ?). 
IK\S fambucina, Linn. Sp. PI. 55. (exclufis fynonymis ?). 
IRIS odoratijfima. J acq. Hort. Schaenb. 1. />. 5. /. 9. 
IRIS gcrmanica. Tbunb. Dijf. 119 Mill. Die/. 8. 
IRIS dalmatica major {lore vulgari minus violaceo. IVeinm. 

Phyt, Icon. v. 3. n. 607. Bauh. IIijl. a. p. 715. 
IRIS dalmatica major. Get: emac. 51. 3. /. 52. /. 3. Park. 

Par ad. p. iBq. 
IRIS major latifolia III. five dalmatica major. CUif. Hifi. 218. 
IRIS afiatica c^rulea polyanthos. Rati Hijt. 1 1 8 i . Baub. Pin. 

IRIS major latifolia II. five afiatica cserulea. Cluf. Hifi. 218. 

Morif.Hfi. p. ILfetf. 4. 352. /. 6-f. 7. 
IRIS hortenfis pallide caerulca. Baub. Pin. 31. Tourn. Lifi< 

TO ^ 

IRIS dilute caeruleo involucro albo. Tahcmm. Ic. 647. 
IRIS illyrica. H01L Eyfi. v. 1. ord.. 8./"- 4./. 3. Baub. Pin. 

Q 1. 

IRIS major latifolia III I. five Damafcena. Cluf. Hifi 218. 
IRIS damafcena polyanthos. Rati 'Hifi. 1 iBfr Baub. Pin. 31. 



pa 



It had been always a matter of furprife to us that fo ap- 
parently diiiincl: a Ipecies as the prefent, ib well known to all 
former Botanifts, and fo long cultivated in all the gardens of 
Europe, mould have efcaped the notice of Li n n a -us, while he 
Oiitinguifhed as fpecies bis fuppofed fambucina wdffua/ens, to 
a ppearance fcarcely worthy of being remarked as varieties ; 
Iftu! upon critically reviewing the whole of his Ipecies, we 

found 



found that the /quale tis had been mi/taken by Jacquin for the 
fambucina, that other Botanifts had confidentially followed him 
in the error, and that the prelent plant was the Linnean Jam- 
bucina ; but as this name is now lb generally attached to 
Jacquin's plant by the excellent figure of Curtis and the 
authority of the Hortus Ktzirnfis, we think it more advifable 
to let it remain ; adopting Lamarck's for the prefent fpecies, 
and expunging fqnalens, as being a mere variety of the 
now fambucina ; although in truth the names of Linnaeus 
were Hill better adapted to the plants he had defttned them lor. 
The fynonym of Jacquin quoted by the authors of Hort. Kew. 
for their fqualens fhould be reltorcd to Ikis variegata. 

Root horizontal, ilefhy, very thick. Leaves broad, fword- 
fhaped, covered with a whitifh bloom, that gives them a 
remarkable pale or glaucous appearance. Stem about three 
feet high, twice the length of the leaves, with feveral fhort 
branches fupported by bra8es refembling the 1 — 2 flowered 
involucres, which arc membranous, fcariofe, from a lightifh 
brown inclining to white, not becoming fphacelate, but being 
fo from their firft appearance, equal to germen ; pedicles thick, 
trigonal, but little fhorter than germen, which is trigonal- 
oblong, fix-fulcate, equal to the obtufely trigonal tubes, which 
laft are marked with fix flat furrows ; legments equal, ungues 
clofe, campanulately patent (not turbinate and remote as in 
Iris germanica and florentina) ; outer ones twice the length of 
the tube, broad, concave inwards, traverfed by a fillet of 
white cilia with deep yellow tips ; outer ones Ihorter and 
feveral times narrower, convolute ; outer laminae recurvedly 
deflected, twice longer than their ungues, round-obovate, 
entire, Hat, pale blue, Aiffufed with a purplifh tint; veins 
deep blue, inner ones oblong-obovate, retufe, hence having 
fomething of an obcordaic fhape, fomctimes with a fmall 
mucro in the finus, erea, connivent and rather more blue; 
itigmas upright-patent, linear oblong, extending as far as the 
beard, whitifh with a blue keel; fides but (lightly reflexed ; 
fegments of the inner lip recurved-erea (not revolute), 
divaricate, laciniate-fcrrulate ; ouier lip very blunt, entire. 
Flowers 8— 12, expanding in June, with an exceeding ftrong 
(cent refembling that of Elder- Flowers. 

Received by Ci.usius from Conflantinople, but is, w£ 
have no doubt, alfo a native of the fouthernmofl parts or 
Europe. Cultivated by Gerarde. Is known in all the 
nurjeries about town by the name of the Dalmatian Iri? ? 
More tender than germanica or florentina, being in fo me 
lituatibns deftroyed by a very fev'ere Winter fuccccded by 
a wet Spring;' likes a dry, 'rich, light'" foil, and a fun:} 
Tit nation. G. 



m6s6 




C 686 ] 
Iris Xiphium. Spanish Flag, 

C/fl/> rt;?i/ Order. 

TlUANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Generic Character.— Fid. N um - 531. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

IRIS xiphium (imberbis) involucro fubunifloro, iaciniis extimis 
fubrotato-recurvatis, parum brevioribus; intimis re&is 
fubdivergentibus, oblanceolatis, fubconvolutis ; germine 
lineari-oblongo, obtufe trigono, exclufo, pedunculo 
perbreviore. G. 

IRIS xiphium (|3) Sp. PL 58. Hort. Kezv. 1. 59. Mart. Mill. 
Ditt. 

IRIS xiphium. Hort. Up/. 17. Thank Biff. 5. 17. Ehr. Beiir. 

7- P- 139- #*a/. $>* PL u 23 1 - -°^ FA AiL u 3 7* - ? 
IRIS variabilis. J acq. Coll. 2. />. 321. 
IRIS foliis margine conniventibus, corollis imberbibus, Hort. 

Gift. 20. Roy. Lugdb. 18. 
IRIS buiboi'a anguftifolia verficolori Bauh. Pin. 31. ? 
IRIS bulbofa caeruleo-violacea. Bauh. Pin. 40. 
IRIS buiboi'a anguftifolia odorata. Ffcr/: £#?. a-fl. 4- '• 4-/-4- 
IRIS bulbofa anguftifolia tricolor odorc coriandri. 4. Ran 

Hift. 1129. 
IRIS bulbofa III. flore vario five verficolor. Cluf. Htji. 211. 
IRIS bulbofa varia. Ger. ema'c. 100. 
XIPHIUM vulgarc. Mill Dicl. n. 2. 
XIPHIUM anguftifolium. Toumef. Injl. 364. Bocrh. Lugdb. 

2. 126. /. 1 1. 
XlPHION II. Lirio ilirico. %#r Flor. Lfpan. Vt o. p. 500. 
Hifpanicus poetarum Hyacinthus. Lob. lc. 95. 



Bulb oblong-ovate with a brown fibro-membranous integu- 
ment. Leaves (which are above ground in the Winter) long- 
fubulate, fubcepaceous, coropreffed-channelled, caudately- 
cufpidate upwards, outwards carinatc, lmeate, inwards polilned, 
with a filvery glofs, about equal to the ilcm ; root ones 2—3, 
fheathing downwards; cauline 3—4; iiem "P ri g ht » round > 
geniculate, furniOied with leaves at the joints, which are longer 
* than 



than the internodes and remotely fubimbricafe ; involucre one 
rarely two-flowered, 2 — 3-valved, valves 3 — 4 inches loner, 
herbaceous, oblong-lanceolate, convoluteiy condupiicate, inner 
valve longer than the outer ; peduncle as long or longer than 
the involucre, 3 — 4 times longer than gcrme'n ; tube fhort, 
hollow, fuburceolate ; outer fegments divaricately patent, nearly 
rotate and fomevvhat the fhorteft, their ungues beardlefs, 
lanceolate-oblong, fubconvolute-concave, firm, traverfe-d by 
a (lightly elevated ridge or keel, which is continued to about 
the middle of the laminae, than which they are twice longer, 
round-ovate, entire, and but little recurved ; inner fegments 
oblanceolate, erect-patent, ernarginate, unguiculately narrowed 
and convolute downwards; (tyle thick trigonal, length of the 
tube ; ftigmas recurved-patent, nearly the length of the outer 
Segments, rather broader than the upper part of their ungues, 
fpathulate-oblong, keeled-convex, with the fide-edges but 
(lightly revolute; inner lip round-ovate, bipartite, fegments 
(lightly divergent, fubundulate, cuenulately gnawn ; outer lip 
nearly obfolete, truncate, notched ; germen an oblong, ob- 
tufely trigonal fhaft, twice fhorter than the corolla; filaments 
about the length of the anthers. Capfule oblong-triquetral, 
a— 3 times fhorter than peduncle ; feeds vertical, oblong, 
truncately flat at both ends from mutual p refill re, upper and 
lower ones generally angled. Flowers expand in May, and 
have a flight fmell of coriander-feed. 

A native of Spain, growing, according to Clusius, in the 
country about Valladolid, to Quer (who by the bye fpeaks of 
a plant with white outer laminae) in the green-oak woods of 
both the Caftiles; Dksfontaines tells us he found it in 
Algiers; but it remains to be afcertained if he means the pre- 
cifc fpecies we are now defcribing. It is perfc6Uy hardy and 
propagates rapidly by offsets, of which it produces'abundance; 
cultivated here in 1633, by Gerarde. 

The beft roots are laid to be thofe annually imported by 
the feedfmen from Holland, There are many varieties of it, 
but not fo many as ufually fuppofed ; on this head we fhall 
however defer our obfervations till we have an opportunity of 
further confirmation ; we fufped many to be hybrids between 
xiphioides, lufitanica, juncea, our prefent plain, and perhaps 
alio alata, and prohably yet more perfectly diltinft fpecies, 6\ 



Kfo 




[ 68 7 ] 
Iris Xiphioides. Pyrenean Flag, 

C/a/} W On&r. 

TRIANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Generic Charailer.—Vid. N um - 531. 

Specif c Character and Synonyms. 

IRIS xiphioides (imherbis) involucro fubbifloro, lanceolatim 
inflato, laciniis emarginato-hffis, extimis horizontaliter 
patentibus; laminis dependentibus unguium longitudine; 
intimis per-brevioribus ereftis fpathulato-obovatis, fub- 
cochleariter convolutis ; germine inclufo. G. 

IRIS xiphioi4es. Ehr. Beitr. 7. p. 140. Willi. Sp. PL 1. 231. 

IRIS xiphium. Jacq. Coll. 2. p. 320. Desf. Ft. Atl. 1. 37. ? 
With. Arr. cd. 3. 69. ? 

IRIS *&£//«» (*) Sp. PL 58. //or/, tow. 1. 73. Mart. Milt. 
pit!. 

IRIS bulbofa anglicana, candido, violaceo, et cscruleo flore. 
Hort. Eyjl. t. 7. /. 1. /. 8. /. 1. /. 9. /. 1. 

IRIS bulbofa latifolia caule donata. Banh. Pin. 38. 

IRIS bulbofa violaceo flore five II. Cluf. Hijl. et App. Alt. 

IRIS bulbofa major purpurea variegata caerulea five 

anglica. Park. Par. 175. /. 3. 17 5- f- 2 - 

IRIS bulbofa anglica. Ger. emac. 99. 2. 

IRIS bulbofa tota violacea vel caerulea. Bauh. Hijl. 2. 703. 

XIPHIUM latifolium. Mill. Dicl. n. 2. 

Theocriti et poetarum Hyacinthus flore Iridis. Lob. Adv. 49. 
Icon. 94. 



Root bulbous; bulbs fubovate, covered with dark brown 
fibro-membranous integuments, larger than thole of Iris 
xiphium and not producing quite fo many offsets. Involucre 
lanceolately inflated, herbaceous, 1—2 feldom 3-flowered, 
flowers feparated by a (ingle membranous fpathe or valve : 
outer valve of the involucre longed, reaching often to about 
the middle of the inner fegments. Leaves as in Iris xiphium, 
but larger and not rifing out of the ground till Spring; length 



of the ftem, upper cauline ones rather inflated and fubimbrl- 
cately difpofed. Flowers much larger than in Iris xipbium > 
i'centlefs; tube as in that ; outer ungues quite ftraight, hoii- 
zontally patent, convolute-concave, twice broader than the 
ftigmas which they contain, traverfed by a low mid-ridge con- 
tinuing to about the middle of the lamina, where it becomes 
yellow and lefs prominent; laminae dependently recurved, 
round-ovate, equal to or even longer than the ungues, far 
broader, emarginatcly fplit, fubundulately crifp at the edge; 
inner ones upright, far (hortcr, fpatulatcly 'obovate, convolute- 
concave, fomewhat fpoon-fhaped, fubconnivent, emarginate, 
upwards erole ; ftigmas Oiarply keeled, about the length°of the 
outer ungues; inner lip bipartite, revolute; fegments parabo- 
lical, ferrulate; outer bidentately parted; anthers and fila- 
ments blackifli purple ; pollen white; varies with deep blue, 
violet, and white flowers; Capfule lanceolate-oblong, acutely 
triquetral, fubinflatcd. 

A native of the Pyrenees. We are uncertain if Desfon- 
taines means precifely this fpecies or xiphium, or fome other 
that has been ufually deemed a variety. 

The name of « Englifh Iris," which" we find fo commonly 
given to it by the elder Botanifts and even by the modern 
Plorifts, was acquired from the plant's having been firft intro- 
duced into the Low-Countries from England, molt probably 
without any notice of its true habitat, and hence prefumed a 
native of our country by thofe that received them : Clusius 
lays that on his firft arrival here in 1571, he fought for it wild, 
until he was informed by Lob el of its being only cultivated in 
certain gardens near Briftol, where it had been moft probably 
imported by Tome vefle! from Spain or Portugal. Gerarde 
includes it among the Britifh plants, in which he has been 
followed by Dr. Withering in his Botanical Arrangements; 
but Parkinson was aware of its real habitat. 

Flowers in June. Hardy and of eafy culture, feeding 
treely I he beft bulbs are imported yearly by the Seedfmen 
trom Holland, and mould be put in the ground early in the 
Autumn. G. 6 J 



I?6ss 




/■/ p, 



[ 688 ] 

Gladiolus Viperatus. Perfumed 
Corn Flag. 

jfe. «,'.» «fr.*y Vf, *b, s'/ «,l», jS» jfe. «A». A. \t» v't. \V. «?> «S>. v'>. vV. 

^r *i> ¥ v v t ¥ ¥ '»» V ¥ *i» 'i* ¥ <$ *i c n c SF 'i*^ 

Clafs and Order* 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — Fid. N ot - 538 Sc 562. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

GLADIOLUS viperatus foliis acuminato-enfatis ; Tpatlid 
faucem rccurvato-turbinatam fuperante; fum- 
ma lacinia fpatulato-ligulata, galeatim incur- 
vata, lateralium laminis rhombeo-ovatls, in- 
fimarum imis marginibus apophyfe pelluccnti- 
glandulofa et tuberCulata adauclis. 0. 

GLADIOLUS alatus. Thunb. Dijf. var. 2. n. 15. p. 16. Jacq, 
1c. rar. 2. /. 259. Coll. 4. 165. IPllld. Sp. PL 
I. 216. (attamen non Linn, vel Amasn. Acad, 
circa quem vid. fupra 586.) 

GLADIOLUS orehidijiorus. Bot. Rep. tab. 241. 

SISYRINCHIUM viperatum. Pink. Pbyt. 224./. 8.? 



Root-leaves 6 — 8 or more, lincar-enfiform, far acuminate, 
downwards imbricatcly equitant, far fheathing, thickifh, 
glaucous, with a prominent midrib ; cauline 1 — 2 ; (tern 
round, glaucous, i — 2 feet high ; Rachis flexuofe, diftich, 
pmplifh ; fpathes convolute-lanceolate, herbaceous, glaucous, 
ftriated, outer valves rather the longed and continuing beyond 
the faux ; Corolla downwards turbinate, upwards ringent, three 
outer fegments acute, inner obtufe ; tube and faux narrow-* 
turbinate, recurved, equal to the lower fegments j upper feg- 
nient rather the longeft, remote, forming a kind of lip, helmet- 
wile arched, fpatulate-ligulatc, convolute-concave ; its fide 
ones rather the fiiorter of the fix, rhomb-ovate, acute, oppofite, 
recurved-patent with fhorlifii narrow ungues; loweft one of 

the- 



the fame fhape with thefe but rather longer, fmaller, more 
acute, with a narrower unguis and not fo deeply divided from 
its lateral ones, which are fpatulate, much the narrowed, with 
oblong laminae and furnifhed on each fide the bafe of their 
ungues with a tuberculated, fubcryfialline, glandular excre- 
fcence ; parts of fructification accumbent to and concealed by 
the upper fegment. Flowers exquifitely fragrant with a fcent 
of the perfume called Eau de Miel, or, as it appears to others, 
of Balm, of a greenifh grey colour with fomething of livid 
hue and brown {tripes. 

Our drawing of this very rare and fingular vegetable was 
taken at Mr. Woodford's, who received the bulbs this 
Spring from the Cape. To all appearance it is equally hardy 
and of as eafy culture as any of its congeners from the fame 
country ; many fpecimens flowered together in the above 
colle&ion, and fhewed fome flight variety both in fize and 
colour. 

The fanciful appellation of viperatus, beftowed by old 
Piukenet, and which we firft thought might have been 
fuggefted by the chequered, brownifh appearance of the flowers 
of fome of its varieties, now appears to us more probably to have 
been taken from the form of its flowers, which (efpecially as 
reprefented in his own figure) do bring to mind the pofition 
of the head and appearance of the jaws of the fnake when 
raifing itfelf for defence againft its enemy and hiffing, in which 
ftate we often fee them reprefented in cuts accompanying 
natural hiftory. G. 




y°6sl 



9 



! / Put' b y T. ! 'urn r . . I ' / ., •. ■ ^ r«^ 



C &d ] 

Silene Saxatilis. Stone Catch-Fly. 

■% $ *•$ lf[»$fr$ $# $ 4JHMI 3JH&- (Mfh$ +♦ 

C/j/jt <z#(i Order. 
Decandria Trigynia. 

Generic Charatler. 

Cal. ventricofus. Petala 5-unguiculata: coronata ad faucem. 
Cj/?/I 3-locularis. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

SILENE faxatiHs ; floribus paniculatis nutantibus : petalis bi- 
ficiis undulatis reflexis, pediceliis ternis. 



Desc. R'Ot perennial. Radical leaves oblanceolate, quite 
entire, fmooih on both fides : (Pauline linear, channelled, con- 
nate, ciliated at the bafe. Stalks round, fmooth, fometimes 
not at all vifcous, at others the middle part between the joints 
very much fo. Peduncles or flowering branches oppofite, ex- 
cept the lowermofl one, which is always folitary, generally 
three- flowered- Pedicles filiform, often clothed with two 
fmail bractes. Flowers nodding, night-flowering, fweet-fcented. 
Calyx club- fh aped, ten ftriped, foft, five-toothed: teeth con- 
nivent. Corolla greenifh : limb bipartite with undulated re- 
flexed obovate lobes. Filaments ten ; five longer than the 
others. German oblong, ovate. Styles three, erecL 

Though poffeffing little beauty, and none at all during the 
day, this is a defirable plant from its charming fragrance 
which it difFufes far around during the night. Introduced a 
few years fince from Siberia by Mr. Loddiges, Nurferyman 
at Hacknev, under the name which we have adopted. 

Approaches Silene longiflora i hut is very dittinct; the 
petals are far deeper divided, and the calyx is much fhorter. 
The latter plant is much larger, and is without fccnt. 

Is a hardy perennial, requiring no particular treatment but 
care that it is not rotted by wet in the Winter. Flowers in 
June and July. 



N: 



w .0oo 




C 690 ] 

Gardenia Rothmannia. Spotted- 
Flowered Gardenia. 

4 fr-fr $ $ $ ■$■ $ ; $ ft i f t $ $ $ $ $$ j j fr 

Clafs and Order. 

Pentanoria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Contorta. Bacca infera 2 feu 4-locularis, polyfperma. 
Stigma lobatum. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

GARDENIA Rothmannia ; inermis, foliis oblongis, corollis 

infundibuliformibus, laciniis calycinis fubulatis. 

Hort. Kew. 1. 294- Martyn Mill. Ditt. n. 8. 

Gaert. Sent. 2. p. 480. /. 177. f. 4. 
GARDENIA Rothmannia; inermis, foliis oblongis, ftipulis 

fubulatis, laciniis calycinis fubulatis teretibus 

longitudine tubi, tubo glabro ampliato brevi. 

Linn. Supph 165. Willd. Sp. Pl.t. 1228. 
GARDENIA inermis, corollis acutis fubcampanulatis, calyce 

.glabro, foliis oblongis acutis. Thunb. Dijf. de 

Gard. n. 6. 
ROTHMANNIA capenfis : Ihnnb. Ati. Holm. 1776. p. 65. 

/. 2. 

A native of the Cape of Good Hope, growing in Groot- 
vaders Bofch and in the woods in the neighbourhood of the 
river Sonders-End, where it becomes a iiraight tree, nine or 
ten feet high; the wood is faid to be very hard, and is ufed 
for making handles of axes and other tools. With us it forms 
a handfome evergreen fhrub, and its flowers, which are pro- 
duced fingly at the extremities of the branches, are not only 
pleafing to the fight but very fweet-fcented, efpecially in the 
night, and preferve this odour in part long after they are dried. 
Gartner fays, that Thunberg has, not improperly, re- 
marked that the berry is only one-celled, a feftion of the gei men 
appears however to be two-ceiled, and Gartner's figure is 
evidently fa. 

When 



When out of flower it may be readi'y diftinguifhed hy 
the (insular hairy glands on the under furface of the leaves 
fitnated along the midrib, in the axils of the veins. 

Our drawing was made at Mr. Woodford's, Vauxh'all, in 
whofe ftove this tree flowered the latter-eid of July; in its 
native country the blofioms are produced in January and 
February. 

Is as yet very rare, and generally treated as a ftove plant ; 
but, unlefs when coming into flower, it may be befl to keep 
it in the confervatory. 

Introduced into kew Garden by Mr. Francis Masson, 
in the year 1774. 



V°6p/ 



^^W 





W Ed 



?Gec 



[ 69i ] 

Campanula Gracilis. Slender 
Bell-Flower. 

■%■ & $ # %%■ $4h& $# # iNf# ^-& 

C/j/> #;/i Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. campanulata fando claufo valvis ftaminiferis. Stigma 3* 
fidum. Cap/, infera, poris lateralibus dehifcens. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

CAMPANULA gracilis ; foliis lineari-lanceolatis obfolete 
ferratis, caule dichotomo, floribus folitariis 
terminalibus. Forji. Prod. n. 84. Gm. Syfi. 
Nat. p. 352. 

CAMPANULA vincaflora ; foliis lineari-lanceolatis caule 
tereti ramofiffimo ; pedunculis terminalibus, 
elongatis, unifloris. Vent. Jard. de Mahnaifon. 
12. 

CAMPANULA Polymorpha var. i. diffufa. Sol. MSS. apud 
Bibl. Bank/. ? 



Desc. Root perennial or biennial. Stalk fquare, hairy, 
much branched, generally decumbent. Leaves moftly oppofite, 
linear, toothed, fubpubefcent. Flowers terminal, folitary, nodding 
whilft in bud, ereci when expanded, upon long, fquare, hairy 
peduncles. Calyx ovate, ftriated : limb five-toothed : teeth 
fubulate-ereft, diftant, half the length of the corolla. Corolla 
bell-fhaped, cut halfway into five, fometimes only four, ovate, 
entire fegments, one of which is frequently bent downwards 
whilft the others are erecL Neftaries or valves three-lobed. 
Anthers five, oblong, difappear almoft as foon as the flower 
opens. Style ere6t. Stigmas three, rolled back, villous. 

Belongs 



Belongs to the firft fe&ion, and fhould be placed next to 
Campanula patula. 

We agree with Monf. Ventenat, that this plant is re illy 
the gracilis of Forster, but differ from him a> to ;he pro- 
priety of changing his name, efpecially for one fo very inap- 
propriate ; for furely the flowers of this Campanula can hardly* 
be faid to refemble thofe of Periwinkle in any thing but 
colour. 

It appears to be fubjecl; to great variation in the degree of 
branching, in the fituation of its leaves, and in the hairinefs 
and notching of thefe ; in Forster's drawing the Item is very 
little branched and leaves altogether alternate and diftant. 

Native of New-Holland and New-Zealand, firft raifed here 
by the late Mr. Curtis, at his Botanic Garden, by carefully 
fowing the mould that came about the roots of fome plants 
..imported from that country. 

Flowers during the greateft part of the Summer. Eafily 
propagated by feeds or cuttings. 



[ 6 9 2 ] 

Pyrus Japonica. Japan Apple-Tree. 

j3ij&.^U...s-'i..ij£.,iIi..i-'*.iJt..i>U. > T 4, >'t. >'<?. .$1 jk..«fe y'«.5'4.jSs. 
•^rijs vjr ?jc Tjjr'jjr'y sjr^ <jr 'i< ♦,> ^* «^ •,« v,c *^« sjs* 

Clafs and Order, 

ICOSANDRIA PeNTAGYNIA. 

■ 

Generic Character, 

Cal. 5-fidus. Petala 5. Potnum inferum, 5-loculare, poly- 
fpermum. 

Specific Char abler and Synonyms. 

PYRUS japonica ? ftipulis lunatis incifo-rerratis, foliis ovatis 

cuneatifque argute feiratis glaberrimis, pedunculis 

fubaggregatis. 
PYRUS japonica, foliis cuneatis crenatis glabris, floribus foli- 

tariis. Thunh. Jap. 207. JVilld. Sp. PL 2. 1O2O. 

Marty n Mill. Diet. n. 1 1 . 
BUKE. Kampf. Amain. 844 ? * 



For the opportunity of taking a drawing of this very rare 
plant, we are, as ufual, indebted to E. J. A. Woodford, E(q. 
in whofe colledion at Vauxhall, we find a never-failing fource 
of curious and rare articles. 

Th un berg, in his fpecific chara&er, diflingui flies this fpecies 
as having folitary flowers, yet in his defcription he fays it has 
two, and this is the cafe in a fpecimen preferved in the 
Bankfian Herbarium which flowered at Kew ; ours had feveral 
bloflbms duftered together, fo that this circumftance is of no 
avail as a diliinguifhing feature. 

* BuKE. Arbufcula Acad* germank* facie , fiare pentapelalo rubra. This is 
all we find in K^mpfer ; but furely it could not be from the authority of this 
defcription alone that Thunberg quotes thi* as a fynony.u. 

The 



The ftipulae not noticed by Thunberg appear to afford a 
good fpecific character ; but as it often happens that thefe 
parts are produced only while a plant is young, we cannot fay 
how far it may apply in older trees. 

We learn in the Flora Japonica, that it varies extremely in 
fize, being in different fituations either an underfhrub, a fhrub, 
or a tree. From the fame fource, we are informed that the 
fruit is nearly round, frnooth, and the fize of a walnut. 

Our figure reprefents the whole fpecimen at the time it 
flowered ; it has fince increased in height, and thrown out 
feveral fide branchlets, armed with ftraight fpines at their 
extremities ; and other fpines have grown in the axils of the 
leaf-ftalks. 

Flowered the beginning of Auguft. 



^J^^^^^^^^^^^% 



INDEX. 



INDEX. 



In which the Latin Names of * In which the Englifh Names of 



the Plants contained 
Eighteenth Volume are 
betically arranged. 

PL 

661 Amaryllis longifolia. 

657 — — reticulata. 

667 Andromeda pulverulenta". 
676 Anthyllis Erinacea. 

680 Babiana tubiflora (#). 
691 Campanula gracilis. 

6~g fibinca. 

652 Crocus fufianus. 
664 Fritillaria pyrenaica (*). 
690 Gardenia Rothmannia. 
672 Geifibrhiza obtufata. 
648 Gladiolus blandus (#(. 

645 blandus (7). 

647 undulatus (a). 

688 viperatus. 

668 Gordonia Lafianthus. 
662 Hypoxis fteliata («}. 
671 Iris florentina. 

670 germanica. 

681 graminea. 

669 lurida. 

679 lufitanica. 

685 pallida. 

687 xiphioides. 

686 xiphium. 

682 Lupinus arboreus. 
660 Lynmachia quadriflora. 

654 Marica northiana. 
646 paludofa. 

655 plicata. 

658 Menianthes indica. 

673 Nicotians undulata. 
684 Nymphasa ad vena. 

653 Ornithogalum revolutum. 

675 Orobus varius. 

6-, 1 Paffiflora ferratifolia. 

649 Protea cordata. 

674 — - Lepidocarpon. 

665 Pforalea corylifolia. 
692 Pyrus japonica. 

650 Rhododendron ponticum. 
663 Scilla italica. 

689 Silene faxatilis. 

fin-] vefpertina, 

683 Spartium monofpermum. 

666 Stachys coccinea. 
656 Statice fpeciofa. 
678 Tritonia crifpa. 



the<» 
alpha- q 



the Plants contained 
Eighteenth Volume are 
betically arranged. 

PL 

661 Amaryllis, long-leaved. 

657 . netted- veined. 



in the 
alpha- 



t « 



/ Andromeda, oval-leaved. 
<\ 676 Anthyllis, prickly. 
•* 692 Apple-tree, Japan. 
v 683 Babiana, long-tubed. 
a 659 Bell-flower, Siberian. 

^ 6gi ■ — flender 

^675 Bitter Vetch, particoloured. 

* 683 Broom, white fingle-feeded. 
^651 Buckbean, Indian. 

Q 677 Catch. fly, Morocco. 

♦ 689 ftone. 

£ 645 Cornflag, pale-purple. 
» 688 perfumed. 



4 040 

y 647 

* 6.52 Crocus, cloth of gold. 



fnow-white. 
waved-flowered. 



t 669 Flag, dingy 



67 

670 



^ 68 5 

4 687 
* 686 



Florentine. 

German. 

grafs-leaved. 

pale. 

Portuguese. 

Pyrenean. 

Spaniih. 



i uwu opaiimi. 

£ 664 Fritillary, Pyrenean. 

<) 690 Gardenia, fpotted-flowered. 

* 672 Geifibrhiza, yellow-flowered. 

Y 668 Gordonia, fmooth. 

A Lobloily-Bay. (fee Gordonia.) 

<*• 660 Loofe-ftrife, four-flowered. 

y 682 Lupin, tree. 

Marica, broad-ftemmed. 

marfli. 

fmall-flowered. 



6 54 
<$>• 646 
Q 655 
f 651 



Paffion-fiower, notch-leaved. 
^ 674 Protea, black-flowered. 

649 — heart-leaved. 

* 665 Pforalea, hazle-leaved. 

A 650 Rhododendron, purple. 

a 6(13 Squill, Italian. | 

*$► 666 Stacbys, fcarlet. 

<[> 653 Star of Bethlem, revolute-flowered 

f 662 Star-hypoxis, yellow-flowered. 

J 656 Thrift, plantain- leaved. 

^ 673 Tobacco, New-Holland. 

^678 Tritonia, curled-leaved. 

v 684 Water-lily, three-coloured. 



.Printed by S. Couchman, Throgmorton-Strcct, London,