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OCT 22 1941 

CUR T I S' S 1 * Uu 

Botanical Magazine; 

• *w»miw w > ' O R, 

Flower -Garden Difplayed : 


The molt Ornamental Foreign Plants, cultivated in the 
Open Ground, the Green-Houfe, and the Stove, are 
accurately reprefented in their natural Colours. 


Their Names, Clafs, Order, Generic and Specific Characters, according 

to the celebrated Linnaeus; their Places of Growth, 

and Times of Flowering : 




Intended for the Ufe of fuch Ladies, Gentlemen, and Gardeners, 2s 
wifh to become fcientifically acquainted with the Plants they cultivate. 



Fellow of the Linnean Society. 


Ye vallies low, A The glowing violet, 

Throw hither all your quaint enamell'deyes, a The mufk-rofe and the well-altired woodbine, 
That on the green turf luck the honied ihowers a With cowflips wan that hang the penfive head, 
And purple all the ground wich v«^ial flowers, jf And every flower that fad embroidsry wears; 
Bring the rathe primroie that forfuken dies, y Bid Amarantus all his beauty ihed, 
Th; tufted crow-toe, and pale jeffamine, V And daffodillies fill thtir cups with tears, 

The white pink, and the panfy Ireakt with jet ; § To ftrew the grave where CURTIS lies. 

Mil ton - . 

5 9 ,, 


Printed by Stephen Couchman, Throgmorton-Street, 

Publifhed by T. CURTIS, N° 3, Si. Gcorgt's-Crefcent, Black-Friars-Road ; 

And Sold by the principal Bookfellers in Great-Britain and Ireland. 


*^ df y> ftp "y* '^f ' 



Second volume of the Botanical Magazine having 
been brought to a conclusion fince the death of Mr. 
i Curtis, it feems proper that the very liberal encouragement 
ithis Work has continued to receive friould be gratefully ac- 
knowledged, the demand for it being by no means diminished, 
notwithstanding the irreparable lofs fuflainedby that melancholy 
[event, and the increafed price, which the preflure of the times 
made neceffary. 


To a few readers it may not be totally uninterefting to learn 

how the Botanical Magazine came under the prefent direction. 

Long before his death Mr. Curtis, perceiving his difTolution 

; gradually approaching, naturally became anxious to fecure to his 

\ family the pecuniary benefits arifing from the fale of the Work, 

[their fole depcndance. In order to leffen the impediments to 

\ carrying it on, he laboured, as much as his infirm itate of health 

, would permit, to arrange and increafe the neceffary materials. 

I He applied to feveral of his moft eminent botanical friends 

; and obtained their promife of afliftance. Finally, in the con- 

fidence of friendfhip, he fubjecled the future management to the 

controul of the prefent Editor, with whom he had many years 

lived in habits of intimacy. How far this confidence has been 

juftified by the event, with refpect to his family, cannot be a 

general concern, nor is it neceffary to fay any thing of the Work 

itfelfas far as it has hitherto proceeded: it is before a dif- 

cerning public and it's merit will be fairly appreciated. 

In the conftruction of thefe volumes, but little ufe has lat- 
terly been made of the materials left by Mr. Curtis for feveral 
reafbns, principally from a defire to preferve them as entire as 
poffible for the fervice of the proprietors, in cafe of emergency, 
and a wifh to indulge our botanical readers with a reprefenta- 
lion and defcription of fome of the novel and curious plants 
which are annually introduced, particularly from the Cape of 
Good Hope. In one natural order (the En s at & of Linnaeus 
— Irides of Juffieu) fuch additions have been made to our 



former ftock as to render the nomenclature a mafs of eon- 
fufion. No part of Europe contains fe copious a colleBion 
of thefc plants as the neighbourhood of London, the botanical 
world hare therefore fome right to expeB an elucidation of this 
{'abject in our Magazine, and die Editor thinks himl'elf particu- 
larly fortunate in having met with fo able and liberal a coadju- 
tor in this difficult talk. 

What has been already done will (hew how much is due to 
the indultry and ability of JoKtf Bellf.nden Gawlkr, Efq. 
with whole aHiikince we hope in a few numbers to complete fo 
lucid an arrangement of the principal part of this order, that no 
Botanift will hereafter find any difficulty in- reducing the indi- 
viduals to their proper genera. 

The fame Artifh are employed in every department of the 
Work as in Mr. Curtis's time. This will, it is hoped, infure 
the fame excellence of execution, which is fuch that the figures 
in the Botanical Magazine, for elegance as well as correct- 
riefs, will in general fufTer nothing by a comparifon with the 
mod cxpcnfive botanical works, a facl loudly attefted by the 
circumstance that a large proportion of the ornaments of our 
mod cxpcnfive porcelain and cabinet ware is copied from them. 
The Botanical Magazine will continue to be carried on as much 
as poffible on the lame plan as by Mr. Curtis himfelf. If fome- 
what more of critical difcufTion fhould have been introduced, 
our botanical friends will eafiry perceive that the fubjects de- 
manded it, and whillt the price is not thereby increaicd, it is 
not apprehended that any one will complain. 

For himfelf, the Editor folicits the indulgence of the learned indulgence hefecls to be more than ordinarily ncccf- 
fary ; for being engaged in a laborious and important profeftion, 
and having ever made Botany his amufement, never a ferious 
fludy, he has greater dependance upon the continued affill- 
ance of his more learned friends than upon the exertion of his 
own abilities. But, with this aid, he flatters himfelf that the Bo- 
tanical Magazine will continue in every refpeft to deferve the 
public favour as well as it has heretofore done. 

[ 5°5 ] 


Clafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Char after. 

CaL nullis. Cor. 6-petala. Stam. receptaculo inferta. Per. 
Bacca 8-locularis polyfperma. 

Specific Characler. 

DlANELLA aerulea; caule adfcendente geniculato foliis 
diftichis lineari-lanceoiatis carinatis margine fpi- 
nuloris, pedunculis reftis divaricatis. 

This plant is a native of New Holland, and we believe was 
firft raifed in this country from feeds from Port Jackfon, about 
the year 1783, by our much refpe&ed friend, the late Mr. 
Cuff, of Teddington, a gentleman of great zeal and affiduity 
in cultivating plants and promoting the fcience of Botany, to 
whofe liberality the Brompton Botanic Garden is indebted for 
this and many other fcarce and beautiful plants. 

It fucceeds well in the greenhoufe, begins flowering about 
the month of May, and continues in blofTom during the greateft 
part of the fummer. Is readily increafed by parting its roots 
in the fpring, and mould be planted in pots filled with loam 
and peat earth. 

The Chevalier de la Marck has given the name of Dia- 
nella nemorqfa to the Dracaena enfijolia of Linnaeus, with 
which this plant has confiderable affinity, but is certainly a 
diftinft fpecies. The Diane lla nemorqfa of Jacqu in, figured 
in his Hort. Schoenb. t. 94. appears to be different from both. 

We have adopted the name by which it is known in thofe 
collections about town which poflefs it. — We hope to take 
another opportunity of faying fomething more on this genus 
as diftinguilhed from Dracana. 



?.Ed#ardt ,M /'■//> In WCwtis £*8eo:Crdcent jftb.-f.ff0i JWar^mJUufr 

C 506 ] 

Stapelia Lentiginosa. Freckled 

Clafs and Order. 
Pentandria Digynia. 

Generic Character. 
Contorta. Neclar. duplici ftellula 5-phylIa tegente genitalia. 

Specific Character. 

STAPELIA lentiginofa, corollis decem-dentatis, laciniis al- 
tcrnis obfoletis, fundo concavo orbiculo eievato 
cintlo; caulibus fuperne ramofis, ramis penta- 
gonis patentibus tuberculofis : tuberculis unci- 

When the Hortus Kewenfis of Mr. Ay ton was publifhed, 
there were only five fpecies of Stapelia known in this country, 
and of thefe two had been newly introduced by Mr. Francis 
Masson. This laborious inveftigator of nature has fince 
defcribed and figured forty-one new fpecies, the flowers of 
many of which are extremely beautiful as well as fingular in 
their appearance. On carefully examining all thefe fpecies, as 
well as thofe before known, we cannot find that our plant in 
every refpeft exactly correfponds with any one of them. In 
the colour and fhape of the corolla, it agrees very well with 
the guttata, but in this the flowers fit on longer peduncles, 
which arife from the bafe of the ftalk, the ftalks are undivided, 
and the tubercles are not hooked ; on which account we deem 
ourfelves justified in confidering it as a new fpecies. 

The fpecimen from which our figure was taken, flowered 
in the collection of E. D. Woodford, Efq. at Vauxhall, laft 
fummer, who received it from the royal garden at Kew, 
into which this fpecies alfo was introduced by Mr. Francis 

For the proper mode of culture, fee our account of Stapelia 

I w'/f 

[ 5°7 ] 

Sempervivum Globiferum. Globular 


Clafs and Order. 


Generic Charafler. 
Cat. 12-partitus. Petal. 12. Cap/. 12. polyfperm. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

SEMPERVIVUM gloliferum, foliis ciliatis, propaginibus glo- 
bofis. Spec. Plant. 665. Edit. tVilldcnow, 
952. Jacquin Aujl. 5. p. 50. tab. app. 40. 

SEDUM rofulis ciliatis, .petalis, fubulato-lanceolatis duodenis. 
Haller Hijl. n. 950. 

SEDUM majus vulgari fimile, globulis decidentibus. Mori/on, 
3.^.472.7:12. /. 7./. 18. 

This plant being a native of Rula and Germany, is per- 
fectly hardy, eafily bearing our winters in any dry fituation. 

Like moil fucculent plants, it grows beft in a dry light Toil, 
fuch as loam mixed with lime rubbifti, <&c. 

We are told by Mr. Ay ton, that it was cultivated by Mr- 
Philip Miller in 1731, but was probably lolt from out 
gardens till it was again introduced by the late Mr. Curtis. 

It flowered for the firft time in the Brotnpton Botanic 
Garden laft fummer. 


Eatra*dc dtf 


r«r/./ ( ?Oi JFSaybnsufy. 

C 508 ] 

Chrysanthemum Tricolor. Three* 
Coloured Chrysanthemum. 

♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦fr$ ♦ $ $ ♦^^♦ ■ $ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦♦ 

Clafs and Order. 
Syngenesia Polygamia Superflua. 

Generic Character, 

Recept. nudurri. Pappus marginatus. CaL hemifphaericus imJ 
bricatus, fquamis marginalibus membranaceis. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

CHRYSANTHEMUM tricolor, foliis duplicato-pinnatifidis, 

pinnulis linearibus diftantibus recurvis, 
caule ere£k> ramofo. 

CHRYSANTHEMUM tricolor. Andrews's Botanical Reper- 
tory, pi. 109. 

This beautiful Chryfanthemum was brought from Peterfburgh 
by Mr. Fraser, of King's-Road, Chelfea, in 1798, by whom 
we are informed, that it is an annual of eafy culture, growing 
readily from either feeds or cuttings ; it has hitherto been 
confined to the greenhoufe, but perhaps is an hardy plant. 

It is probably a native of Barbary or Morocco, having been 
raifed at the royal garden at Kew from feeds fent from that 
quarter by Mr. Broussonet, and has conliderable affinity 
with the trifurcatum of M. Desfontaines, figured in his 
Flora Atlantica, torn. 1. tab. 335. /. 2. 

A lefs pleafing variety occurs with perfectly yellow flowers. 

C 5°9 3 


Clafs and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. 5-dentatus, fupcrne gibbus. Cor. papilionacea ; alis Iongi- 
tudine vexilli, Legumen. 

Specific Char abler and Synonyms. 

SOPHORA aufiralisy foliis ternalis fubfeffilibus glabris, ftf- 
pulis enfiformibus. Syft.Vegetab.^t. Ait.Keiv* 
2. p. 45. 

PODALYRIA anjiralisy foliis terriatis petiolatis, foliohs ob- 
ovato-lanceolatis obtufis j ftipulis lanceoiatis 
acutis petiolo duplo longioribus. Spec. Plant. 
tVMdenozv, p. 503. 

This is an hardy herbaceous perennial, growing well in a 
light foil and open fituation, and flowering about the beginning 
of June. 

It is a native of Carolina, and an old inhabitant of our 
gardens, having been cultivated by Mr. Philip Miller 
in 1758. 

Its near refemblance in habit to fome of the Lupins, has 
oecafioned it to be fometimes miftaken for the Sophora hi- 
pinoides of Linnaeus, which has yellow flowers. 

S° A 


^«W & J3 u l £, WCurfts, $& 

A't'f WSmnfim. Jtuit 


C 5i° ] 


###-£ sNhMhHN *"* 

Clafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 
Generic Char abler. 
Cor. fcxfida. Bacca maculofa 3-locularis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 
CONVALLARIA bifolia foliis cordatis floribus tetrandris. 

Syji. Vegetab. 335. Ait. Kczv. p. 456. 
LILIUM CONVALLIUM minus. Bauh.Pin.^o^ 
UN I FOLIUM. Hall. Helv. n. 1240. 
MONOPHYLLON. Ger. 330. /. 2. emac. 409. 

There are few genera in which the parts of fructification 
vary fo much, both in form and number, as in Convallaria / 
Linn ^. us makes three divifions of the fpecies, firft, fuch as 
have bell-fhaped flowers, as Lily of the Valley ; fecond, fuch as 
have funnel-ihaped, as common Solomon's Seal ; and third, 
fuch as have wheel-fhaped, as the prefent plant ; the unripe 
fpotted berry is faid to afford a mark of diftin&ion common 
to the whole ; but how few are there who have an opportunity 
of feeing this in all the different fpecies? 

Moft of thefe plants are ornamental, and many of them 
have been long cultivated in our gardens for their fragrance, 
and the beauty of their foliage or flowers; the prefent fmall 
and delicate fpecies was cultivated and figured by Mr. Miller 
in 1739. 

It feldom rifes above the height of four or five inches; 
the flowering Rem is ufually furnifhed with two, fometimes 
only one leaf, and is terminated by a loofe fpike of white 
flowers, which appear in May, and with us are rarely fuc- 
ceeded by fruit. 

" It is a native of the North of Europe, Holland, Germany, 
" Switzerland, and Carniola. Mr. Miller gathered it near 
" Haerlem and the Hague, where Mr. Ray had gathered it 
•* before on the 28th of May in flower." Mart. Mill. Did. 

Is a hardy perennial, increafing greatly by its creeping roots, 
on which and on other accounts, it is beft kept in pots with 
the fmaller alpines; plants which are regarded by me as fo 
many beautiful cabinet piftures, to others they will not appear 
in the fame light. 

" Non omnes arbuftajuyant, hurailefquc myrica:,'* 


S. Edward JeJ. J>u&. fry WClirh.S. S*Gk 


stimttl Ai if YCarto> -fcencjppljscl r.Svf. 


C on ] 

Chironia Linoides. Flax-Leaved 


Clafs and Order. 


Generic Charatler. 

Cor, rotata, Piftillum declinatum. St am. tubo corollae infiden- 
tia. Anther* demum fpirales. Peric. 2-loculare. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

CHIRONIA linoides herbacea foliis linearibus. Linn. Syft. 

Vegetab. ed. 14. Murr. p. 229. Ait. Kew. v. 3. 

p. 487. 
RAPUNTIO affinis lini facie capitis b. fpei. Breyn. Cent. 175. 

f. 90. 

The Chironia baccifera already figured, afforded a lingular 
inftance of variation from the generic character in its feed 
veffel ; in the prefent fpecies we have as remarkable a one in 
the antherae, which do not finally affume the fpiral appearance 
fo peculiarly charaQeriftic of the genus ; yet in all other re- 
fpe&s it is a perfect Chironia, and a very neat pretty green- 
houfe plant it is, occupying but little room, and enlivening 
the collection by its bloflbms, plentifully produced during 
moft of the year, and efpecially at the clofe of fummer ; it re- 
quires to be frequently renewed, which is eafily done, as it 
ftrikes readily from cuttings; it requires alfo more warmth 
in the winter than moft greenhoufe plants, and as it is apt to 
go off in cold moift feafons, it will be prudent to keep a pot 
or two of it on the front fhelf of the ftove during fuch unfa- 
vourable weather. 

LinnvEus defcribes it as having an herbaceous ftem, and 
Mr. Ay ton marks it as an herbaceous plant ; but furely it is 
not herbaceous, in the Uriel: fenfe of the word, nor is it fo 
regarded by cultivators. 

It is a native of the Cape, and was introduced by Mr. 
Masson in 1787. 

[ 5*2 ] 

Campanula Pumila. Dwarf-Campanula. 

Clafs and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

.;or. campanulata fundo claufo valvulis ftaminiferis. Stigma 3- 
fidum. Cap/, infera, poris lateralibus dehifcens. 

Specific Charaficr and Synonyms, 

CAMPANULA pumila, foliis radicalibus ovatis crenatis, pe- 
tiolis complanatis, floribus racemofis fecundis 

CAMPANULA rotundifolia var. (3. Spec. Plant. 232. Ait. Kern* 
1. p. 219. 

CAMPANULA minor rotundifolia alpina. Bauh. Prod. 34. 

CAMPANULA puftlla, foliis omnibus ferratis, radicalibus 
cordato-ovatis, firmis nitidis: caulinis linearis 
bus alternis remotis. Jacq. Collecl. 2. p. 79. I 

Having feen this Campanula cultivated in the Botanic Garden, 
both at Lambeth- Marfh and Brompton, for many years, during 
which time it has always preferved its diftinguifhing features. 
We cannot hefitate in coniidering it as a diftinct fpecies from 
the rotundifolia, of which Lin n^eus has made it only a variety. 
It is a plant of much humbler growth, the radical leaves are 
never reniform, arc frequently continued a confiderable way 
up the item, and grows upon fhorter footftalks, which are 
flattened, not filiform ; they likewife continue during the 
flowerings forming a mat, whereas thofe of the rotundifolia for 
the moft parr difappear at this feafon. The cefpitofa of Sco- 
poli is probably a variety of this. Jacquin having quoted 
Scheuchzer's Campanula, fig. 4. It. 4. as a fynonym of his 
pufilla, which appears very diffimilartoours, makes it fomewhat 
uncertain whether his plant may be the fame, as he has not 
given us any figure ; on which account we adopt the name of 
pumila, by which it has been long known in the Botanic 
Garden. There is a white variety ; both forts bear a profu- 
iion of flowers, and are very ornamental, particularly fuited 
to adorn rock-work, being hardy perennials. 





X-EtvarJs Jd. 


J?".S<w/i>m sau 

[ 5*3 ] 
Aloe Variegata. Partridge-Breast 


ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft $ 

Clafs and Order. 

Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. 

Cor. erefta, ore patulo fundo ne&arifero. Filam. receptaculo 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

ALOE variegata fubacaulis, foliis trifariis pi&is canaliculars : 
angulis cartilagineis, floribus racemofis cylindricis. 
Tbunb. Aloe> n. 12. Ait. Kew. v. 1. p. 470. 

ALOE variegata floribus pedunculatis cernuis racemofis prif- 
maticis : ore patulo aequali. Linn. Sp. PL ed. 3' 

A 459- . . .. _ 

ALOE africana humilis, foliis ex albo viridi variegatis. Comtn. 

pr<el. 79. /. 28. var. 27. /. 27. 

So many defirable points unite in this Aloe, that we are 
not to wonder at its being held in fuch very high efteem by 
all that have the leaft tafte for plants, efpecially thofe of the 
fucculent kind ; we frequently fee it nurfed up with great care 
by thofe who have only the convenience of a parlour window, 
and fucceed better with fuch than in the greenhoufes of many "♦ 
it grows readily and blows freely but irregularlv, duiing moll 
of the fummer months ; its foliage is beautiful both in its form 
and markings, and its flowers are no lefs handfome ; it rarely 
exceeds a foot or a foot and a half in height, when in flower; 
is increafed by offsets, and requires the fame treatment as 
the Aloe tribe in general. 

Is a native of the Cape, and was cultivated here by Mr. 
Fairchild in 1720, Blair's Bot. E[f. 

Millkr informs us, that he raifed a variety of it from 
Cape feeds with broader and more fpreading leaves and » 
taller flowering Item. 

■ ZAtordr d*l. ^wb. by WCurtzs. SS6eo. Crefcenl Apr. / 4601. JSAy/Sm mtfc. 

C 5H 3 
Lobelia Bicolor. Spotted Lobelia, 

% \& » $ * ♦ '♦ .♦ :♦ ♦ , ♦ ♦. * fr i ' 

C/4/} a»d Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 
Generic Character. 
Cat. 5-fidus. Cor. l-pctala irregularis. Anthers fubcoalitae. 
Cap/. 2 — 5-locularis infera. 

Specific Cbaracler and Synonyms. 
LOBELIA lico!or y caulibus patulis foliis inferioribus oblongis 
dcntatis pubefcentibus fubfevlilibus, corollis bila- 
biatis: labio fuperiori reflexo. 

In fo extenfive a genus as the Lobelia, fo few of which 
have been accurately figured, or even fully defcribed, it is not 
to be wondered at if fome confufion fhould prevail. This is 
efpecially the cafe among the fmaller fpecies. 

The pretty lively little plant which is here figured, flowered 
laft fummer in the Botanic Garden at Brompton, and in fome 
other collections about town; the bright blue corolladiftinguiihes 
it at firft fight from the pubefcens, which has white flowers ; we 
were, however, inclined to confider it only as a variety, but 
from a confideration of the defcription and figure, by Mr. 
Salisbury, in bis hones planfarum rariorum, it feems to differ 
in many material points, and poffibly it may be the very plant 
that he has diftinguifhed from his alyjjifolia, the pubefcens of the 
Kew Catalogue, under the name of Lobelia Erinoides ; but cer- 
tainly is not the erinoides of Lin n,eus, a fmaller, more delicate, 
tr tiling plant with flower-ftalks fhorter than the leaves. It 
agrees fo well with the fpecific character of Lobelia Erinus, 
as given in the Mantijfa Plantarum> that we were once 
inclined fo to determine it ; but upon a careful examination of 
the fpecimens in Sir Joseph Banks's Herbarium, it appears 
to be certainly different from the one which is there marked, 
as having been compared with the Linnean Herbarium ; nor 
does it appear perfe&ly to correfpond with any fpecimen in 
Sir Joseph's extenfive colle&ion : we hope therefore to ftand 
excufed for having applied a new name and fpecific character. 
This we do always unwillingly, and never, when we can be 
tolerably fatisfied that our plant is the fame that has been pre- 
vioufly defcribed. 

It is an annual which readily perfect its feeds if brought 
forward by being fown in a hot-bed in the Spring, and treated 
the fame as other tender annuals. 


****** JeL Ji*3 ^KrA,;ff/,r.Y/Y^//-, Mcry t.&t 

C 5*5 ] 


Gromwell, or Buglos9. 
»»»»»»» »M ♦♦*♦*♦♦♦♦ # 

Clafs and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic CharaSter. 
Cor. infundibuliformis, fauce perforata nuda. Cal. 5-partitus. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

LlTHOSPERMUM orientate, ramis floriferis lateralibus 

bra&eis cordatis amplexicaulibus. Linn. 

Syjl. Vegetab. p. 156. 
ANCHUSA orientalis. Sp. PL 191. 
BUGLOSSUM orientale flore luteo. Tournef. cor. 6. Buxbaum % 

Cent. 3. p. 17. /. 29. Dill. Ellh. 60. 

/. 52./. 60. 
ASPERUGO divaricat. Murr. in Comment. Goti. 1771. h 

25. /. 2. 

This is a hardy, perennial, herbaceous plant, a native of 
the Levant, of fome value on account of its early flowering and 
its long fucceffion ; the firfl may be ftill forwarded by placing 
it under a frame. 

It is propagated by feeds, by cuttings, or by parting its 
roots in the Autumn, and will grow in almoft any fituation. 

Though cultivated in the Botanic Garden at Chelfea, in the 
year 1713, it is by no means common. 

It flowers in the open ground in May and June, and con- 
tinues in bloffom the greateft part of the Summer. 


"&<& JUl.fy WturilS,V'b«?:C-IY/'n-r2tMafi.Ul'/ FJj*/»via//> 

•'.'*' !% 

C 6& ] 

Sparmannia Africana. African • 

*i* *r *(■ tp ■■!* 4^ t t^ nr*Tr "T* 1» «p *!*'F^!*t» 

C/tf/} ##</ Order. 


Generic Char after. 

Cor. 4-petala, reflexa. Neclaria plura torulofa jlamina cin- 
gentia. Cal. 4-phylIus. Cap/, angulata, echinata, 5-locularis. 

Specific Character and Sy?ionyms. 

SPARMANNIA africana. Linn. Suppl PL p. 266. Reizii 
Obfervationes Botanic a t f.§> t. 3. 

This beautiful fhrub is a native of the Cape of Good Hope, 
from whence it was introduced by the celebrated traveller 
whole name it bears. It grows to the height of fix feet or more, 
is thickly divided into alternate branches, finely clothed with 
large cordate and lobed pendulous leaves upon ereft; foot/talks, 
making a very handfome appearance even in foliage, in which 
"ate it much refembles a fida ; its fine umbels of flowers are 
produced plentifully along the young branches oppofite the 
leaves, in the fame manner as in the common fpecies of Pe- 
largonium, which it is very like in its inflorefcence, the flowers 
nodding before they are expanded, and becoming erecl as they 
approach maturity. The petals, which are of a fnowy white, 
remain but a' (hort time expanded, being foon reflected with 
the calyx : this is white like the petals, but covered, as is the 
pole of the plant, the petals excepted, with fine hairs. The 
Jugular ne&arics, the chara&eriftic of the genus, furround the 
"laments, which they fo nearly referable, that a fuperficial ob- 
server might readily confound them ; they are very numerous, 
ar e fhorter than the purple filaments, of a yellow colour, to- 
ru 'ofe, or nobbed, at the upper part : they have no anthers, 
though they have purple tips not unlike them. The whole 
I^ant abounds with a taltelcfs mucilage. 


The defcription of the Sparmannia in the Supplementum 
Plant arum, is in moft refpecls very accurate ; the petals are 
there faid to be yellow : whether the plant is fubjeft: to vary 
in colour, or that an error has arifen from the examination 
of dried fpecimens, we are not at pvefent able to determine. 

It was firfl: introduced to the Royal Garden at Kew, from 
whence it has been diftributed to feveral collections about town, 
and though at prefent a fcarce plant, will not perhaps long re- 
main fo, being readily propagated by cuttings, if treated in the 
fame manner as fome of the more tender Pelargoniums. 

Our figure was drawn from a fpecimen which flowered in 
great perfection the laft month, at the Nurfery of Meffrs. 
Whitley and Co. at Old Brompton. Except at Kew, we 
have not heard of its having flowered elfewhere. 

C 5'7 ] 

Lavatera Thuringiaca. Great- 
Flowered Lavatera. 

C/^/} tf«i Order, 


Generic Character. 
Calyx duplex, exterior 3-fidus. ^fr//// plurimi rnonofpermi. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms, 

LAVATERA thuringiaca caule herbaceo, fruclibus denudatis, 
calycibus incifis. Linn. Syft, Vegetab. ed. 14- 
Murr. p. 626. y^ry. TL Aufir. v. 4. /. 311. 

LAVATERA thuringiaca foliis inferioribus cordatis crenatis 
fubrotundo-lobatis fummis haftatis, pedunculis 
longis, folitariis, unifloris. Linn. Syji. Nat. ed. 
13. Gmel. 1057. 

ALTH.E.A thuringiaca grandiflora. Dill, Hort. Elth. 9. /. 8. 

ALTHiEA flore majore. Bauh, Pin. 316. 

We have already figured in this work a fpecies of Lavatera, 
the trimejiris, the two varieties of which, the white and red, 
may vie with any of our annuals in contributing to the gaiety 
of the flower borders ; the pre lent fpecies is a hardy perennial, 
and when it grows in perfection, produces flowers equally 

Though cultivated by Mr. Sherard in the year 1732* ll 1S 
rarely met wkh in any of our collections ; yet as an orna- 
mental plant, it is certainly deferving of culture, efpecially ty 
thofe who have large gardens, and who aim at great variety. 

It is a native of Thuringia, as its name imports, and various 
parts of the North of Europe ; flowers from July to September, 
and ripens its feeds in Autumn, by which the plant is eafily 
raifed, or it may be increafed by parting its roots. 

In the Uortus Kewenjis it is by miflake marked as a fhrub. 

The bafe of the divifion of each petal is Angularly puckered, 
a characler which authors do not appear to have fufficienuy 


■ '-«W*w T J-ubbyWi^ r /u\. .'antjuxc 


'■■'•■ ,U /',, 


[ 5*8 ] 

Pelargonium Tomentosum. Penny- 
Royal Crane's-Bill. 

Clafs and Order. 


Generic Characler m 

Cal. 5-partitus: lacinia fuprema definente in tubulum capil- 
larem neftariferum fccus pedunculum decurrentem- Cor. 5- 
petala, irregularis. Fit. 10 insequalia, quorum 3 (raro 5) caf- 
trata. Frucl. 3-coccus, roftratus : roftra fpiralia introrfum 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

PELARGONIUM tomentofum, umbellis mukifloris fubpani- 
culatis foliis cordatis, hallato quinque- 
lobis villofis molliffimis. Spec. PL edit. 
Willdenow, 677. 

PELARGONIL T M tomentofum, umbellis mukifloris fimplici- 
bus compofitifque, foliis cordatis fubquin- 
quelobis, ferratis, tomentofis, molliffimis, 
caule carnofo. Jacq. Icon. rar. 3. tab. 
537. Collet. 5. p. 240. 

This fpecies, although introduced fince the publication of 
A 1 ton's Hortus Kewenfis, is now very common, being a quick 
grower, and very eafily propagated by cuttings. It is generally 
known in the gardens by the trivial name of piperitum, and our 
gardeners ufually underftand by tomentofum a very different and 
a more rare and tender kind, the blatt avium 0$ J acq u in, figured 
under the name of Geranium tomentofum, by Mr. Andrews, in 
his Botanift's Repofitory, pi. 115; but as our plant has been long 
ago defcribed and figured by Jacquin, in his hones plantarum 
rariorum, who has called it Pelargonium tomentofum, and the 
fame has been adopted by Willdenow, in his new edition of 
the Species Plantarum ; it is become neceffary to correft the 
vulgar appellation, in order to adhere to a name under which 
it has been already publifhed. 

It forms a large bufliy fhrub, but the branches being brittle 
J nd the tops heavy, is very apt to be broken and disfigured 
3 y the wind. It is not remarkable for the beauty of its 
lowers, and the odour is too ftrong to be pleafant to many 
^erfons, though to others it is very agreeable, much refembling 
p enny-Royal. 

C 5*9 ] 

Lilium Philadelpiiicum. Philadelphia** 


£&j/j #/7i Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Char a Her. 

Cor. 6-petala, campamilata: linea longitudinali ne&arifera. 
Cap/, valvulis pilo cancellato connexis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

LILIUM philadelphicum foliis verticillatis floribus ereftis, co- 
rolla campanulata : pctalis unguiculatis. Spec. Ft- 
435. Ait. Hort. Ken. 1. p. 431. Miller Icon. Plant, 
t. 165. /. 1. 

The Philadelphian Lily was firtl cultivated in this country 
by Mr. Philip Miller, in the year 1757, who received 
roots of it from Mr. John BartramoF Philadelphia, its firit 
difcoverer. Its bulbs are fmall, white, and fcaly, and pro- 
duce each a fmgle ' flem, fomewhat more than a foot hig»> 
bearing at the fummit two flowers, and clothed with a to* 
whorls of entire lanceolate leaves, which in our fpecimen were 
longer and more reflexed than as defcribed and figured by 
Mr. Miller. 

It flowers in July, but produces no ripe feed in this 

The fame treatment is proper for this Lily as for t» e 
Lilium Catrjl>£ei t figured in the Botanical Magazine, pi. 259- 

Miller fays, that both thefe are lefs hardy than forne o { 
the other forts, and ought therefore to be proteQed in V5fl 
fevere winters by covering the beds with old tan or coal- 
afhes, to preferve them from the froft, and in the fpring l ^ lS 
covering may be removed before the bulbs fhoot up. 

JV" t 


f 9 

■■P&*niU-t \.Pu&.-fyWCurtis.tfCnr.-(W/i('rifJune/. 1£0t< 

[ 520 ] 
Mor/ea Sfiralis. Spiral-Flowered 


Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. fubmonopctala 6-partita inaequalis : laciniis ereciis. 
Stigmata 3 petaliformia. 

Specific Char after and Synonyms. 

MORjEA fpiralis caule compreffo articulato multifloro, 
f'oliis enfiformibus ereciis, floribus axillaribus. 
Linn. Suppl. 99. 

MOR^A fpiralis fcapo comprefTo articulato, foliis ere&is, flo- 
ribus alternis fubfecundis. Sp. PI. edit. Willdenow y 
1. 240. 'Thunberg. Dijf. No. 2. Prod. p. 10. 

As this is undoubtedly the fame plant which Thunberg 
has called Moraa Spiralis, we rather continue the name than 
attempt any innovation, which is at leafi: much better deferred 
till the whole family (hall undergo a revifion. It certainly has 
but little affinity with feveral of the other fpecies of Mor^a, 
and Willdenow has queftioned whether it fhould not be 
referred to Arijiea : it feems however to differ in too many 
eftential points from the Aristea cyanca to admit of their 
being united. 

The root is flringy, the leaves enfiform and erect ; the fcape 
fimple, ereft, near a foot high, two-edged, jointed, (lightly 
twilled ; the fpatha two-valved, entire ; the flowers alternate, 
with fliort peduncles, and moftly direclcd one wav ; the corolla 
confids of fix equal petals, which expand evenly, are white 
within with a purple bafe and become tranfparent between the 
veins as they decline ; when they clofe, they twift round one 
another in a curious manner ; the ftyle is longer than the 
flamens, and terminates in three fringed ftigmas of a bright 
purple colour. Thunberg probably defcribed the ftigma as 
fimple and villous, from examining it at too early a ftage before 
it was expanded. Our figure was drawn from a fpecimen which 
flowered in April laft at Mr. Woodford's, at Belmont-Houfe, 
Vauxhall. It is a native of the Cape, and requires the fame 
treatment as the Aristea cyanea. 

[ 52i ] 

Orobus Vernus. Early-Flowering 
Orobus or Bitter-Vetch. 

»♦ ♦ ♦ »» ♦ ♦ ♦ » j ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦■♦.♦ ♦ 

C/^/Jr W Onfer. 


Generic Characler. 

Stylus linearis. Cat. bafi obtufus : laciniis fuperioribus pro- 
fundioribus brevioribus. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

OROBUS vernus foliis pinnatis ovatis, ftipulis femifagittatis 
integerrimis, caule fimplici. Linn. Syfi. Veget. 
ed. 14. Murr. p. 661. Ait. Kew. v. 3. p. 38. 

OROBUS fylvaticus purpureus vernus. Bauh. Pin. 351. 

OROBUS venetus. Blue upright everlafting Peafe. Park. 
Parad. p. 337. /. 13. 

The Orobus vernusisd. hardy perennial, a native of Switzer- 
land and Germany, growing to about the height of a foot, or 
a foot and a half, and producing numerous fhewy flowers in 
fpikes, at firft of a bright purple colour, afterwards blue, fre- 
quently, but not in all fkuations, fucceeded by feed-veffels. 
fparingly productive of feeds ; the fertility of the plant in this 
refpeft depends as much on the favourablenefs of the feafon 
as on foil and fituation ; for the cold Eafterly winds which 
frequently prevail in April, when this plant is in bloffom, " ot 
only mar its beauty, but render it unfruitful ; hence it is often 
neceflary on thefe occafions, to cover it with a hand-glafs u 
growing in the open border, or to remove it into the gi" ecn ' 
houfe if kept in a pot; but by gentle forcing we gu ard 
againft all accidents of weather, and may thus poffefs it in tb e 
greateft perfection. 

It is ufually propagated by parting its roots in Autumn, °' 
early in the Spring; may alfo be raifed from feeds, wh ictl 
we fhould be careful to gather in time; prefers a foil moo e ' 
raiely 11 iff and moift, and a Iheltered fituation. 


fot J'ubhvWt 


C 522 ] 

Ixia Patens. Spreading-Flowered or 
Crimson Ixia. 

ft ft ♦ 3 jj t p fr $ if. ft ft $ ft 4 1 ft 

CAj/jr #W Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler, 
Cor. 6-partita campanulata regularis. Stigmata 3. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

IXIA patens ; tubo filiformi, limbo campanulato-patente : 
laciniis oblongis, filamentis coar&atis ere&is, ftigmatis 
laciniis antheras fubasquantibus. Gawler En/at. African* 

IXIA patens foliis fubenfiformibus glabris, racemo terminal^ 
corollis campanulatis patulis : laciniis alternis anguft- 
ioribus, filamentis ere&is. Aiton Hort. Kew, /. i« 

P- 59- 

IXIA arijlata. Scbnev. Icon. tab. 32. 

IXIA fiaccida. Salijb. prodrom. 35. 

IXIA coucoler. Ibid. 96. 1 . . 3 

IXIA conica. Ibid. 36. / an hu J US vanetates ? 

In this very numerous family, in which even the limits of 
the genus are as yet far from being well afcertained, there is 
often great difficulty in tracing out the fynonyms of preceding 
authors. In this inftance we acknowledge ourfelves entirely 
indebted to John Bellenden Gawler, Efq. from whofe 
labours we may foon expeft to fee this difficult fubjeft elu- 
cidated, as he is about to publifh a new arrangement of the 
natural order of Enfatae. 


This very Jhewy Ixia, the brilliancy of whofe flowers it \i 
impoflible to imitate by art, is a native of the Cape, and has 
been of late years frequently imported from Holland by the 
name of Ixia kerme/ina ,• but was, as \vc are informed by 
Mr. Aiton, firft introduced into this country by the late 
Dr. William Pitcairn in the year 1779. 

It varies much in the breadth and length of the fegments of 
the limb, and in colour from a deep crimfon to a light ver- 
miilion ; in the length and breadth of the leaves, which are 
fometimes nearly lanceolate, at others linear-enfiform, fome- 
times nearly equal to the ftem, fometimes not half the length. 
Some varieties have, as in our figure, a fmall greenifli ftar 
at the bafe, in others the colour is uniform. All are fcentlcfj 
and flower nearly at the fame time. It varies alfo much 
in the number of flowers, and the fcape is fometimes firople, 
at others a little branched. 


C 5*3 ] 

Ixia Fistulosa. Hollow-Leaved Ixia. 

jK.a&^&JbU&lj£Laie^>uflt_lk-afe^! *if %'* </* «<> %<* 
If t *r »* V ^ ^ V >i v ^i» V V ' *i* v t* v '*K '"*!*" 

Oafs and Order. 
Triandria Monocynia. 

Generic Char after. 
tor. 6-partita campanulata regularis. Stigmata 3. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

IXIA fiflulofa; foliis teretibus fifiulofis obtufiffirnis innonu- 

mucronatis, fcapo flexuofo, floribus Ipifcatis diflichi.s. 
IXIA t ere ti folia. Herbar. Banks. 

GLADIOLUS fifulcfus fpica difticba foliis teretibus fillulofi^. 
Jacq. Hon. Schocnbr. torn. i. tab* 16. 

The Ixia fiflulofa of the Botanift's repofitory having been 
already figured by [acquin, and called radiata, ought to 
retain that name*; we therefore feel ourfelvcs at liberty to 
adopt this, although for a very different plant. We have 
rather ranked it with Ixia than Gladiolus, becaufe of the 
near affinity it bears to the Ixia fpicata and plantaginea of 
Willdenow, which is fo great as to require feeing them all 
,r > a living ftate to determine whether the three are really 
diflincl or merely varieties of each other. It agrees too with 
the character of this genus in the regularity of the corolla, 
an d in not having the filaments and ftyle bent down as in 

It grows from a fmall round bulb, which is covered with a 
brown fibrous coat; the leaves are perfectly fmooth, round, 

* Vide Recenfio Plant. Repofit. Botanic. No. 4. 


inflated, larger towards the end, very obtufe, with a fmall 
foft point, or mucro ; the fcape is a great wav enclofed in the 
Jheathing leaves, the flowering part only being protruded, 
which generally bends down and then rifes as in the figure. 
The flowers form an imbricated diftich fpike, are without fcent, 
and arife from a fpathe of three valves. In the lower part of 
the fpike, and fometimes for the whole length, no flowers are 
produced, but a fmall bulb is contained in the outer valve 
of the fpathe, of the fize and form of a grain of oat, which 

Jacquin confidered as an abortient flower enclofed in the 
internal valves of the fpathe ; but Mr. Gawler having 
planted thefe bodies they all grew, which proves them to 

be real bulbs. 

The Ixi a fjiulofa is a native of the Cape of Good-Hope, 
and that from which our figure was drawn was imported from 
thence by Ed. Woodford, Efq. in whofe collection it 
flowered in June 1800. It has been alfo imported by Mr. 
Grimwood, Nurferyman, at Brompton ; and the fpecimen 
preferved in the Herbarium of Sir Joseph Banks, marked 
Ixi a teretifolia, flowered, at Mr. Malcolm's, at Stockwell, 
in 1791. 

It feems to be rather fhy of flowering, being apt to produce 
bulbs inftead of flowers ; by thefe, however, as the experiment 
of Mr. Gawler {hews, it may be readily propagated. 



JW>. hy. JtrCurtir *&£#>: dreamt JUh 

■f.hfOf. f £&&*"* 

C 524 ] 

Pelargonium Pulchellum. Nonesuch 
Pelargonium or CraneVBill. 

C/a/5 - <2»<^ Order. 


Generic Charaflcr. 

CaL 5-partitus : lacinfa fuprema defmente in tubulum capiU 
larem nedariferum fecus pedanculum decurrentem. Cor. 
5 petala irregularis. Filament a 10 inaequalia : quorum 3 
(raro 5} caftrata. Fruclus 5-coccus roltratus : roftra fpiralia: 
introrfum barhata. 

Specific Charatler. 

PELARGONIUM ■pulchellum; fubacaule, fcapo divifo, foliis 
oblongis lobato-pinnatifidis, petiolis alatis. 

For this hitherto undefcribed fpecies of Pelargonium we 
are indebted to Mr. Alderman Hibbert, in whofe garden at 
^'apham-Common the choiceft gifts of Flora are cultivated 
°n a mod magnificent fcale. Not lefs with a view to the 
promotion of the fcience of Botany, than the gratification of 
«*M own tafte and the infuring a fupply of rare plants, this 
gentleman was induced, at his own expence, to fend a collector 
*° me Cape of Good Hope, who, amongft many others, fent 
norne this beautiful one, which flowered in the (love at Clapham 
m April laft. It is particularly diftinguifhed from all its con- 
geners by the winged footftalks; thel'e wings are of a more 
nrm and rigid texture than the reft of the leaf, and as this 
penfhes they change to a brown colour, become more erect, 
and, like a bunch of fmall holly leaves, protect the crown of 
me root from being browfed, a circumftance we learned from 
lh e examination of a dried fpecimen fent by Mr. Masson, 
and preferved in the Herbarium of Sir Joseph Banks. 


The whole plant is hairy and fmells flightly of Tanfy. 

\t has only five fertile ftamens, as is, we believe, common 
to mod, if not all, the turnip and tuberous-rooted fpecies. 
Thefe likewife differ from the caulefcent fpecies, in that the 
flower-buds do not nod, but rife out of the involucrum ereft 
before they open. Its feed-veffels are defleQed. It is a ufual 
circumftance with moil of the genus to have a joint at the 
bafe of the proper flower-ftalk more remarkable in fome 
fpecies than in others. We were at firit much ftruck with 
obferving this joint in our plant to be fituated from one-third 
to nearly half the fpace between the bafe and the flower j but 
in the native fpecimen we find this is not the cafe, and are 
therefore inclined to impute it to the heat of the ftove. In 
the fame colle6Uon we perceived another Pelargonium, in 
many refpefts refembling this, with white flowers, but whether 
it be a diftinQ; fpecies or merely a variety we cannot at 
prefent determine. 

It is to be treated as one of the tenderer forts. 


*ar,/~ ,/ r / jfoj £)„ WCurA. 

Aug / /-:'('/. 

C 525 ] 

Antirrhinum Triornitiiophorum. Three- 
Bird-Bearing Snap-Dragon. 

♦ &#:♦♦♦ frfrlM $$% k$ '♦ ♦ 

Clafs and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cah 5-phylIus. Corolla bafis deorfam prominens, neftarifera. 
Cap/. 2-locularis. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

ANTIRRHINUM triornithophorum, foliisquaternis [ternifque] 
lanceolatis, caule ere6to ramofo, floribus 
[ternis] pedunculatis. Spec. PI. 853. 

LINARIA Americana maxima, purpureo flore. Herman. 
Lugdb. 377. 

LINARIA florc purpureo Americana. Riv. mon. t. 84. 
'Jig. bona. 

It is rather furprifmg that this Antirrhinum, the moft 
ihewy perhaps of the whole genus, though apparently neither 
particularly tender nor difficult of propagation, mould be al- 
rnoft unknown in this country*; notwithftandingit was cultivated 
■y Profeffor Herman, in the Botanic Garden at Leyden, more 
than a century fincc. The Profeffor remarks, that it has a 
creeping root, by which it diff'ufes itfelf widely, and puts forth 
frefh fhoots every year, by which we may underftand, that it is 
sufficiently hardy to bear the Dutch winters; he tells us alfo, 
'hat it grows to the height of a man. Kept in a pot and treated 

. It is not mentioned in the Kew Catalogue ; we find, however, that it was 
* Dr. Fothergill's Garden at Upton, in the year 1779. 


as a greenboufe plant, it rifes with feveral Hems, three or four 
feet in length, and continues to flower during great part of the 
Summer, but produces no feed. The leaves grow in whorls of 
three, four, or five, but generally three at the upper part. The 
flowers conftantly grow by threes upon ere6l peduncles, to 
which they are attached nearly horizontally with their mouths 
turned towards one another, fo as to form a ftriking refemblance 
to three birds, from whence the name of triornitbophorum, or 
three-bird-bear ing. it has been for fome years cultivated in the 
Royal Garden at Kew, but we do not know of its having yet 
found its way into any other colle&ion except that of Edward 
Woodford, Efq. at Vauxhall, from whence our drawing was 
made. It is a native of North-America, and of Portugal; 
and from what is remarked above, might probably be better 
treated as a hardy herbaceous perennial. It may be increafed 
by cuttings or parting the roots. 

J3?Jwai*& del /'///>. in Tf.(?urtit. iPfSnte-fire/cstob^L 

C 526 ] 

Cornus Florida, Great-Flowered 
Cornel, or Dogwood. 

C/a/} #/;</ Order. 
Tetrandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

bwohicrum 4-phyIIum fepius. Petala fupera 4. Dntpa nucleo 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

CORNUS floriddy arborea, involucro maximo: foliolis ob- 
cordatis [poims apice indentatis/} Spec. Pi. iji. 
Schmidt. Arb. 2. p. 6. t. 62. 

CORNUS mas Virginiana. Catejb. Carotin, t. 27. 

In the temperate regions of North-America this tree is much 
fpoken of for its beauty, rifing from ten to twenty feet in height, 
agreeable in its foliage, and covered in the Spring and early part 
of the Summer with a profufion of white or fumetimes rofe- 
coloured flowers,* vim- does if want beauty even in the gloomy 
months of Winter, from the quantity of red berries which it 
bears, and which at that feafon afford fultenance to the fincif. 
warbler of the woods of America, the celebrated mocking bird 
(Turdus Orpheus) emphatically called in the Indian language, 
the Hundred-Tongued Bird. 

t The flowers, which are not really fueh, but are in fa& an 
involucrum, in the bofom of which lie the final] and, in appear- 
ance, infignificant flowers, begin to come out before the leaves ; 
but, as they expand or rather incrrafe flowly (for Catesby 
tells us, that they are fully formed when they firft come out 
n ot larger than a fixpence, but increafe gradually in fize to 
the breadth of the hand) the tree is in perfect foliage before 
they arrive at their full growth. The leaves of the involucrum 
would hardly have been called obcordate had Linnaus had 
a n opportunity of feeing them in a living (late ; they ap- 
proach to this fh ape by an indentation at the very point of the 
Je af, as if the four points had been nipped together whilft in 
the bud, a form which the fkill of our draughtfman has enabled 

ni m to exprefs far better than has been done by any preceding 


It is a tree of flow growth, and in Europe has, we believe, 
rarely arrived to any very confiderable iize. That which af- 
forded the fubjec\ of our prefent, figure is, perhaps, aimoft. the 
onlv one in this country that can be faid nearly to rival thofe 
of its native foil. It grows in the Duke of Marlborough's 
garden at Sion-Hill, is about/ixteen feet high, and fpreads at 
lead eighteen, has a ftraight trunk about fix feet in length 
before it branches, meafuring two feet in circumference a 
yard from the ground ; the bark much reTembles an elm of 
the fame fize. This beautiful tree has flowered freely for 
many vears part, but unfortunately produces no fruit. Its age 
is unknown, but as we have evidence of its being cultivated 
at Chelfea by Miller, in 1739, it is probable that its origin 
may not be of much later date. We are much obliged to 
Mr. Whitman, his Grace's Gardener, for fending us notice 
of this tree, and favouring us with fpecimens and with the 
above dimenfions. 

u It is mod certainly propagated by feeds fent from Vir- 
" ginia, which mould be fown immediately after their arrival, 
" in boxes or pans of fandy garden mould, and covered with 
** wet mofs, to prevent the earth from drying, and placed 
" where they may be protected from froft. Thefe precautions 
tc are the more neceffary, as the feed will lie in the ground 
" till the fecond or third year before they germinate ; and 
•* as the young plants generally come up the latter-end of 
" Summer, they are then in too tender a ftate to refill the 
" froft without fome covering. A fhady and flieltered fiuia- 
" tion promotes its growth and fecures its prefervatiou. 
Schmidt OJier Raumzucht. 

[ 5 2 7 1 

Zinnia Elegans. Violet-Coloured 


Oafs and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Recept. paleacenm. Pappus ariftis 2 ereftis. Cr/. ovato- 
cylindricus, imbricatus. Flofculi 5-10 radii peififtenies 

- Specific Character and Synonyms. 

ZINNIA elegans, foliis amplexicaulibus, floribus pedunculate 
hermaphroditorum feminibus breviffime mucronatis. 
Jacq. Icon. rar. 589. Coll. 5. 152. 

ZINNIA violacea y foliis ovato-acutis feflilibus fubconnatis, 
palearum apicibus fimbriato-fcrratis. Cavan. Hijp, 
1. 57. /. 81. And. Bot. Rep. t. 55. 

Jacouin having defcribed this Zinnia in his Colle&anea, 
and publifhed a figure of it in his Icones before that of Ca- 
van illes, his name of Zinnia elegans has the rig" 1 
priority, and we of courfe adopt it. 

It is a native of Mexico, and, being a tender annual, ca 
only be railed from feeds, which ihould be fown in the SpriJJa 
on a hot-bed, and by the latter-end of May fhould be 
abroad in large pots, or may be planted out in the op 
border, where from its fize and the beauty of its flower?, 
will continue to make a confpicuous figure till deftroyed J 
the froft. 


,Ih by W 'Curtis- 

[ 528 ] 

Phlox Ov ata. Ovate-Leaved Phlox, 
or Lychnidea. 

C/u/i a»<" Oripr. 
Pentandria M on og V m i A. 

Generic Character. 
Cor. hypocrateriformis. Fi 'amenta imequalia. Stigma 3-fidum. 
Gj/. prifmaticus. Cdg/] 3-locularis, l-fperma. 
Specific Character and Synonyms. 
PHLOX ovala, foliis radicalisms ovatis acutis fubcarnofis, co- 
rymbis fubfaltigiatis, corollae laciniis undulatis retufis. 
PHLOX ovala, foliis ovatis, (loribus folitariis. Linn. Spec. 
Plant. 217. ? 

As this rpecics has been fome years known in the Englifli 
gardens under the name of Ph lox ovala, and correfponds with 
the fpecimeii preferved under the fame appellation in Sir 
Joseph Banks's Herbarium, we do not hefitate to continue 
it, at lcaft: till we mail be* certain that the Linnean ovala is 
really a different plant, although it hardly feems probable that 
culture lhould make inch a change as to convert a naturally 
folitary flower into fo large a panicle. 

The leaves of the {talk vary very much in breadth, and are 
fometimes lanceolate rather than ovate, but the radical leaves, 
efpeciatly thole of the young (hoots which are pufhed out from 
the root after the plant has done flowering, always preferve 
their character. The flowers nod on their iirli coming out. 
The whole plant is perfectly fmooth. 

It is a native of North-America, and, though generally 
confidercd as a greenhouie plant, appears to be a hardy 
herbaceous perennial^and we obferved, that when treated as 
Inch at Meflrs. Whiti.wy's and Co. where it is planted in the 
open border in a foil confuting chiefly of a i'andy loam, it 
thrives better than under any other management, the roots 
lending forth very vigorous (hoots at a confidcrable diitance 
from the parent plant. 

Our drawing was made fome years ago from a fpecimen 
which flowered in the Botanic Garden at Brompton, fince 
which time it is become much more common. It may be 
elteemed one of the bandfotneft of the genus ; is eafily pro- 
pagated by parting the roots, thrives heft in a fandy loam, and 
although lufficiently hardy to rehlt the cold of our ordinary 
winters, it may be fafeft to give fome pots of it the fhelter ol 
a greenhouie or of a melon frame. 



C 5 2 9 3 

Melastoma Malabathrica. Cinnamon-Leaved 
Melastoma, or Black Strawberry-Tree. 

Clafs and Order. 
Decandria Monocynia. 

Generic Characler. 

Col, 5-fidus campanulatus. Petal. 5-caIyci inferta. Bacc. 
5-locularis, calyce obvoluta. 

Specific CharaBer and Synonyms, 

MELASTOMA malabathrica; foliis integerrimis 5-nerviis 
lanceolato-ovatis fcabris. Spec. Plant, ed. 
IVilldenow, 2. 592. Martin Miller's DicJ. »• 
1 o. Flor. Zeylan. 171. Burm. Zeyl. 1 5 5 . t. 7 3- 
Ind. 104. 

KEDALI. Rheed Malabar. 4. 87. /. 42. 

FRAGARIUS niger. Rumph. Amboyn. 4. p. 137. /. 72. 

It is lingular, that of this very numerous genus, of which 
eighty-five fpecies are enumerated by Willdenow, not one 
mould be found in the Kew Catalogue. Several of them have 
been introduced of late years ; but, of all that we have feen, 
this is the handfomeft, and is otherwife interefting, as being 
the one from which the name of the genus was framed by 
Profeffor Burman, This fignifies black mouth, a name given 
to it by the vulgar, from its effecT: on the mouths of the chil- 
dren who ate of the fruit, which is filled with a black pujp* 
Being a native of Ceylon and other parts of the Eaft-Indies, 
it muft with us, always require to be kept in a ftove, where i* 
forms a handfome ihrub. 

Our figure was taken from a fine plant which flowered this 
Summer at Mr. Alderman Hibbert's, at Clapham-Common. 


-^V*W At ?u?>. h W("ur/7s S'Gect tyemt 




K». //< 

C 530 ] 

Atragene Alpina, var. Austriaca. 

Clafs and Order. 


Generic Charafler. 
Cat. o. Cor. duplex petalis numerofis exterioribus roajoribus. 

Specific CharaHer and Synonyms. 

ATRAGENE alpina ; fcandens, foliis biternatis ferratis acu- 

minatis, petalis exterioribus quaternis interiori- 

bus fpathulatis. Spec. PI. edit. Willdenow, 2. 

ATRAGENE alpina foliis duplicato-ternatis ferratis, petalis 

exterioribus quaternis. Spec. PI. 764. Jacq. 

Anjir. t. 241. 
ATRAGENE clematides. Crantz. Fafc. Q /. 5. 
ATRAGENE auflriaca foliis duplicato-ternatis ferratis ; caule 

fruticofo fcandente. Scop. Cam. 1. 387. 
CLEMATIS alpina geranifolia. Pluk. Phyt. t. 84./. 7. Morif. 

Hijl. 3 .f.i 5 .t.2.f.ult. 
CLEMATIS cruciata alpina. Ponee Bald. 335. 

The Atragene alpina from Siberia and that from Auftria, 
" not diftincl: fpecies, are certainly permanent varieties. Our 
plant is undoubtedly the Auftrian kind, and was firft introduced 
to this country by Mr. Lod dig es, Nurferyman at Hackney, 
who raifed it from feeds fent from Crane above fourteen years 
a g°i and in his garden it has flowered freely for feveral years 
P a ft» as alfo in fome others to which it has been extended. 
Our fig Ure was taken this Summer from a plant in the pofTeflion 
°f Mrs. Wright. 

The above fynonyms appear to us to belong to this variety, 
^though it is poffible they may refer to more than one fort, as 
tn e authors do not in every refpecl agree. 

It branches from the very bottom into feveral {lender (talks 
feveral feet in length, which entwine round one another and 
whatever fupport comes in their way, where they are held fall 
by the footftalks of the leaves, which, after thefe decay, become 
woody, and continue to perform the office of clafpers. The 
{talks are truly farmentous, the internodes being perfectly 
naked. At equal diftanccs of about four inches, the leaves and 
flowers (bring from the fame bud. Thefe gemmai are gene- 
rally oppolite, confiit of (evert) imbricated periiitent fquamae, 
the centre onei larger, membranous, and of a brown colour. 
It may be confidcred iis an involucrum, from the bofom of 
which grow ulually two petioles and a peduncle bearing a fo- 
litary nodding flower. The petioles are an inch and half long, 
(mooch, or, if examined with a lens, (lightly pubefcent, and 
divide into three branches, of which the centre one is the 
longed, each bearing a termite leaf. The leaflets, as in moll 
of the genus, are fubjefcl to vary confiderably in lhape, but in 

ral the three terminal ones arc dillinct, ovate, acute, and 
more or lei's deeply lerrated, the lateral leaflets frequently run 
all three into oik- ; all are fmooth, but veiny on the under 
fide. The peduncle is longer than the leaves and ftraight, 
•mq the flower nodding and the feeds erect. In the axilla: 
»if the petiolei the new gemmae are formed. By this arrange- 
ment, and the perfillent petioles, the old knots' become VttJ 
Urge and intricate. The outer corolla confifts of four Ii.- 

Il of a hue blue colour with a white edge, are ovate, acute, 

covered on the outfide, efpecially at the margins, with a 
fine down. The inner petals arc in fact, nothing more than 
enlarged barren filaments; and therefore the feparation of 
this genas from Clematis, appears to us, in this inftance ft 
leafi, to be neither natural nor nccefTary. The plume of the 
feed is a bufhy tail of long white hairs, but is neither fecund, 

prcfentcd in Jacquin's figure, nor diflicb, as defcribed 
by W i v. 

It is propagated by feeds only, at leaft the experienced 
cultivator who introduced it, has not vet been able to fuccecd 
rny other mode. Is perfectly hardy, bearing the fevered 
frofts of our climate without injury. 

[ 53 1 ] 

Iris Tuberosa. Snake's-Head Iris, or 
Velvet Flower-de-Luce. 

Clafs and Order. 
Triandria Monocynia. 

Generic Charatler. 

Cor. 6-partita : laciniis alternis reflexis. Stigmata petah- 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

IRIS tuhcrofa ; imberbis foliis tetragonis. Thanh. Dijf. ». 43- 
Spec. Plant, edit. Willdenoiv, 1. 240. Martin Miller's 
Dic7. n. 47. Sivert Floril. t. 36. 

IRIS tuberqfa, folio angulofo. i?W;. TV*. 40. Morif. Hijl- 2. 
A 348./ 4. t. 5./. 1. Lobcl. Hifi. 51. figuramelior. Dot. 
Stirp. 249. fig.eadem. Gerard, emac. 103. eadem. Park- 
Par ad. p. 188. /. 185./. 6. 

HERMODACTYLUS folio quadrangulo. Tourn. Cor. 50. 

This fpecies of Iris, readily diftinguilhed from every other 
by its quadrangular leaves, is more remarkable for the Angu- 
larity than for the beauty of its flowers ; yet, to fome minds 
not apt to be caught by gaudy attire, thefe fombre tints have 
their charms. In this refpect it ftrongly contrails with our 
next figure. 

It is a native of the Levant, and with refpecl to the cold of 
our climate is perfectly hardy, flowers heft, according K> 
Miller, in an eaftern afpect, and if the foil be light it will 
be proper to put fome rubbifli at the bottom to prevent the 
roots defcending too deep, in which cafe they feldom produce 

It bloffoms in April or May, rarely produces feed with us, 
but is eafily propagated by offsets from the roots, which m^ 
be taken up when the leaves decay, but fhould not be kept 
long out of the ground*. 

* Martin Miller's Dift. 



[ 532 ] 


or Tiger-Flower. 

Clajs and Order. 


Generic Characlcr. 

Spaila 2-phylla. Cal. o. Petala 6. 3-externis latioribus. 
Stylus 1. Cap}. 3-loculari infera. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

JERRARIA Tigridia ; foliis plicatis, coroliis Iato-urceolatis: 

laciniis interioribus depreffb-interfeclis. 
FERRARIA pavonia ; caule fimpiici fiexuofo, foliis equi- 
tantibus enfiformibus nervofis, petalis planis : 
interioribus duplo brevioribus panduriformibus. 
Spec. PL edit. IVilldenoiv^ v. $. J>. 581. 
FERRARIA pavonia. Linn. Sup pi. 407. Cav. Dijf. p. 343. 

/. 189. Larmarck Encyclop. v. 2. p. 453. 2. 
TIGRIDIA JuJJieu. Gen.p. 57 . 
MOR/EA pavonia. Tbunb. Mcr^a, 14, 20. 
°COLOXOCHITL feu Core tigris. Hern. nov. PL Arnef. 
Hijl. tab. 276. Gerard, cmac. 122. 2. Encyclop. 
Brit. t. 350. 
TIQRIDIS fios an Dracunculi fpecies? Lob. Obf. 59. Icon. 
111. Dod.petnpt. 3. p. 421. Swcrtii Ploril. 2. 

'■ 31- fig' 2 - 7' Bauh ' 2 * P' 68 4* Raii H$- 
1165. /. Thcod. de Bry, Florileg. nov. /. 111. 

°f all the above authors, no one had feen the living plant 

except Hernandez, who was fent to Mexico as a Phyfician, 

p Philip II. King of Spain; and his figure, though only a 

"jail wooden cut, is more botanically correft than any of the 

ot »ers, not excepting that of Cavanilles. We are informed 


bv him that it grew wild about Mexico, and was much culti- 
vated for its exceffive beauty and for the medicinal virtues of 
its root ; being, as he terms it, " a frigefactent in fevers, and 
" alfo a promoter of fecundity in women." Both Hernandez 
and M. De Brancion, from whom Lob el derived his know- 
ledge of the plant, obferve that the root is efculent. All the 
other old authors appear to have borrowed what they have 
faid from thefe two fources, except perhaps De Bry, who 
fays he received it (probably meaning the drawing) from 
Caspar Bauhin. The author of this figure, though it was 
publiftied before the Rome edition of the Mexican hiltory, ap- 
pears to have had accefs to the drawing of Hernandez, as 
the form of the flower is the fame, only four roots are crowded 
together. The more modern authors ieem to have made their 
descriptions and figures from no other authority except a 
dried fpecimen in the poffeffion of Jussieu. That of Mutis, 
cited by the younger Linnaeus, we have not feen, and has 
not, we believe, been as yet publiftied. 

For the poffeffion of this fuperb flower, this country, and 
perhaps Europe, is indebted to Ellis Hodgson, Efq. of 
Everton, near Liverpool, with whom it flowered and produced 
ripe feeds about five years ago. From this gentleman, feeds 
were communicated to Meffrs. Grimwood and Wykes, 
and by them it has been difperfed among other Nurferymen. 
There is little fear but that it will foon become very common, 
as it flowers freely, produces feeds in abundance, and maybe 
likewife increafej by olivets from the roots. It has no fcent, 
but in fplendid beauty it appears to us, at leaft when affitled 
by rarity and Angularity, to furpafs every competitor; *'$ 
lament that this too affords our fair countrywomen another 
lefTon, how extremely fugacious is this lovelinefs of form; 
born to difplay its glory but for a few hours, it literally 
melts away. 

By the alteration made by Willdenow in the generic 
character of Ferraiua, this may be included; but the trivial 
name of puvivia, injudicioufly adopted from a fuppofed re- 
femblance to the Iris pavoni,i y figured by Jacquin (not the 
Iris papula of the Botanical Magazine) is totally inadmiflible, 
the colours being in no refpeQ Gmilar to thofe of the peacock ; 
we have, therefore"; as nearly as could be clone in one word, 
reftored the original, name. We have, an additional n*#l v f t0 
do fo from the conhderation, that fhould it be hereafter thought 
neceOary to make it a diltinft genus from Eerraria, the 
name of Tigridia, already applied by Jussieu, would un- 
doubtedly be given it. " ' 


Desc. Rooty a tunicated bulb, producing from one to four 
Items about a foot and half high, fomewhat flexuofe, round, 
jointed, fmooth, bearing at each joint a plicated oblong-lanceo- 
late leaf from a fheathing petiole the length of the internode, 
and at the futnmit an involucrum, apparently confiding of two 
lanceolate, ancipital, conduplicate, nearly equal valves, of 
which the exterior is in fa£i the common Ipathe or involucre, 
and embraces the interior with its contents ; the interior valve, 
which is exactly oppofed to the outer one, is the proper fpathe 
of the firft flower and embraces it, together with the fpathes and 
flowers that are to come in fucceffion ; the fpathe of the fecond 
flower is oppofed to that of the firft, and placed between it and 
the pedicel of the firft flower; and fo of the reft, every fpathe 
being oppofed to the one of the preceding flower and embraced 
by it. Thefe fpathes are fimilar in fhape, but diminifh 
progreffively and become more membranaceous. Corolla, 
broad-urceolate (but this could not be expreffed by the drawing 
in a front-view of the flower) divided into fix fegments, of which 
the three outer are urceolate at the bafe, expanded above, and 
reflected at the point ; the three inner ones fmaller by half, 
biformed, Angularly divided into a lower haftate and an upper 
ovate divifion by a deprefled interferon ; the upper divifion 
is of the richeft fcarlet imaginable, variegated by a bright golden 
yellow. Filament^ a cuniculated or piped triquetral column. 
■Anthers, feffile, erect, bearing their pollen on the outfide, con- 
niving at the point, diverging below to admit the exit of the 
ftigmas. Germen, obtufely trigonal, three-celled. Style, the 
length of the filamental column, through the hollow of which it 
pafles. Stigmas, three, filiform, bifid. Capfule, oblong, obtufely 
trigonal, three-celled. Seeds, in double rows in each cell and 

It is a native of Mexico and Peru, is properly a greenhoufe 
plant, and fucceeds beft in light mould. :^eedlings will flower 
the fecond year. It is beft to take up the bulbs the latter- 
end of September or Oaober, and to keep them out of the 
ground till the Spring*. 

* In every part of this paper, we have been very much afliiled by the liberal 
communications of John Belle nden Gawler, Efq. 

■■ F rnjri. 

nfo S'ftec.Crc/centO 

'a. f.Wrf 

[ 533 ] 

Watsonia Aletroides. Aletris-Like 


Chfs. and Order. 

Triandria Mo nogyni a. 

Generic Charatler. 

Spatba adpreffa. Corolla tubus 'gracilis : faux cyafhiformi- 
cylindrica: limbus fexpartitus mbcequalis vel aequalis'. Pt'amcnta 
tubo adnata a fauce libera. SfiiA. 3. gracilia bifida. Cap/. 
rigido-coriacea. S'etff. oblongiufcula plurima. Gazvlcr inedil. 

, Specific Character and Synonyms. 
WATSONIA aletroides 1 corollis fubcernuis: tubo fpatham 

lubaequante : fauce limbi laciniis brevibu:> osatis 

arqualibus fere quadruplo longiore. G. 
ANTHOLYZA alethroides, Bin man. Fior. Cap. Prod. 1. Houit* 

Linn. PJl. Syfi. -11. 77. 
GLADIOLUS tubulofus. jacq. Ic. rar. 2. 229 Coll. 4. 153. 
GLADIOLUS merianus. Thunb. DiJ[. de Glad. p. 14. ;/. 12. 

Prod. 7. 
ANTHOLYZA merianclla. Ait. Kezv. 1. p. 6j. Curtis 's Bit. 

Mag: 441. 
ANTHOLYZA tubuloja, varietas flore variegato. Audrezvs's 

B-A. Repof. 174. . • • 

The name of Watfonia was fir ft given by Miller, in ho- 
nour of our friend, the late Sir William Watson, and was 
adopted by Jussieu in that invaluable work his Genera pian- 
tarum, and will be found to form a very natural genus, fuffjclently 
diltinft from Antholyza. This very elegant fpecies, which doe& 
not appear to have been noticed by Willdenow, is readily 
diftjnguifhed from every other by the diftinct. form of the corol- 
la, which (trongly refembles fome fpecies of Aletris y Lachenalia % 
and Aloe. The alternate fegments are interior ; the bulb is com- 
p re fled and tunicated. It is very fubject. to vary, having in one 
inffance a fingle fcape fix or eight inches high, with three or 
«>ur diftant, fometimes one-ranked, flowers ; in another, a three 
or four-branched ftem two feet high, with a terminal fpike of 
from twenty to thirty clofely imbricated diflich flowers, and 
adprefTed fpikelets in proportion. The fame bulb will one 
year produce pale pink, the next deep crimfon, and the follow- 
ing variegated or ftriped corollas, as in the figure^ always 
•centlefs. One of thefe varieties has been already figured in 


the Botanical Magazine, under the name of Antholyza me* 
rianella, vid. pi. 441. but the real Antholyza merianella of 
Linnveus, or Gladiolus merianellus of Thunberg, is a 
different plant, having pubefcent leaves, fewer in number, 
nearly fheathing the whole Item, flowers differently formed, with 
larger and rounder fegments, ftigmas entire and complicate; and 
is in fact a Gladiolus nearly allied to Gladiolus hirfutus by 
leaf, and to Gladiolus Watfonius by the tubular throat. 

As there is a fpecimen of our plant preferved in Sir Joseph 
Banks's Herbarium from Kew-Garden, under the name of 
Antholyza merianella^ it is not improbable that this cir- 
cumftance led Mr. Curtis into an error, which is no dif- 
paragement to his judgment ; for fuch is the confufion pre- 
vailing with refpecl to thefe plants, that the mod learned 
Botanifts acknowledge their inability to determine many of 
them. This confufion has partly ari fen from the. difficulty of 
the fubject. itfelf, owing to the great number of new fpecies 
that have been introduced, which were unknown to LinnjEUS 
or defcribed by him from dried fpecimens only, and to the 
pronenefs of thefe plants to vary ; but more efpecially from 
the careleffnefs of authors, quoting falfe fynonyms, in the firft 
inftance, and heaping blunder upon blunder by copying each 
other's errors, without fuffkiently fcrutinizing the descriptions. 
The fear of adding to this confufion has frequently deterred us 
from prefenting our readers with more of this beautiful tribe, 
and but for the affiftance of Mr. Gawler, who with infinite 
labour and (kill, has been able to make out all Lin nous's 
and even Thun berg's fpecies, we fhould have been tempted 
to have paffed them by in defpair. 

The defcription of Thunberg above quoted is excellent 
when applied to our plant, but how he came to miftake it for 
Linnjeus's Antholyza meriana is not for us to unravel. 
Jaco_uin has given a good figure of one of the varieties, but 
has erroneoufly defcribed it as having a three-valved fpathe ; 
had he known that it had been already defcribed by Burman, 
he would of courfe have adopted his name of aletroides, which 
poflefling the right of priority, as well as being more defcrip- 
tive, we confider it a mere act of juftice to reftore. 

Our figure was taken this Summer from a plant which 
Flowered at Meffrs. Grimwood and Wykes's, Kenfington. 
It is of much later introdu&ion than the date affigned to 
Antholyza merianella in Hort. Kew. which refted upon the 
fuppofition of its being the fame with Watson 1 a humilis of 
Miller, which it is not. The fpecimen above mentioned in 
Sir Joseph Banks's Herbarium bears the date of 177^* 
which may perhaps be confidered as nearly that of its firft 
introduction into this country. 

C 534 ] 

Aristolochia Sipho. Broad-Leaved 
Birth wort, 

Clafs and Order. 
Gynandria Hexandria. 

Generic Characler. 

Hexagyna. Col. o. Cor. i-petala, lingulata, integra. Cap/. 
6-locularis infera. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

ARISTO LOCHIA &>fo; foliis cordatis petiolatis, floribus 
folitariis : limbo trifido aequali, bra&ea 
ovata, caule volubili frutefcente. Ait. 
Kew. 3. 311. L'Herit. Stirp. nov. p. 13* 
/. 7. Martin' s Mill. Dicl. a. 11. 

1 This tree, being a native of North-America, is perfe&ly 
hardy, and will grow to a very great height if properly fup- 
ported; but, as a climber, is not able to fupport itfelf. 
The large cordate leaves, which are of a fine dark green, make 
a very handfome appearance, and if the branches were trained 
over an arbour or trellis-work, for which purpofe the plant 
feems peculiarly adapted, would form a canopy impenetrable 
to the rays of the fun, or moderate rain. 

The fineft tree of this fort we remember to have feen, 
is in the garden of the late Dr. Pitcairn, at Iflington, 
now in the poffeffion of Mr. Wilson, where it is planted 
againft the front of the greenhoufe, to the top of which it 
afcends, and clothes the pier from bottom to top in a very 
beautiful manner. The flowers are curioufly formed, but, 
being concealed below the leaves, are not confpicuous. 
The root and bark have an aromatic flavour. It was firft fent 
over to this country by Mr. John Bartram, of Philadelphia, 
about the year 1763*. 

It rarely ripens its feeds with us, but may be propagated by 

Our figure was drawn from a tree which flowered with Mr. 
Willis, at Batterfea-Rife, in June laft. 

* Ait. K 



'Z&ar&Jti, Wfurfrs, S"t«v:(Wc,>r>r<yep- 

C 535 ] 
Viola Palmata. Palmated Violet. 

.aJ» .>'' jh Jfo :U. & JL >'s j&.,jJ».>'-« ^S&.,J4t-..v'4 .«ft.^?4. jfe jff-Jx. >*4. 
Tf^npHftTftlfT/r ifk 1* ▼ 1* <r9 'i* *!» 1* 1* *i* *S* iF 

C/o/} awrf Order, 

Pentandria Monocynia, Willd, 
Syngenesia Monogamia. ZiftJk 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-phylIus. Cor. 5-petata irregularis poftice cornuta. 
Anthers cohserentes. Cap/, fupera 3-valvis 1-locularis. 

Specific^ Charade r and Synonyms. 

VIOLA palmata • acaulis, foliis palmatis quinquelobis den- 

tatis indiviiifque. Gron. Virg. 135. Spec. Plant, edit. 

Willd. 1. p. 1159. Ait. Kezv. 3. 286. 
VIOLA foliis palmatis iinuatis, ftolonum reniformibus. Gron, 

Virg. 1. p. 182. 
VIOLA alba foliis fecuris amazonise effigie Floridana. Pltth 

Amalth. 208. /. 447. f. 9. 
VIOLA virginiana platani fere foliis parvis et incanis. Ejufdent 

Man/. 187. 

This very fingular fpecies of Violet may be confidered as 
ft ill very rare in this country, although cultivated fo long ago 
as the year 1739, by Phil. Miller, in the Botanic Garden 
at Chelfea. It is a native of Virginia, and bears the winters 
of our climate very well. It has no fweet fcent to recommend 
it, and is therefore not likely to he in great requeft, but by 
fuch as are curious in collecting rare plants. 

Our figure was taken from a plant fent us by Mr. Lod- 
didges, Nurferyman at Hackney. Its culture is the fame as 
for Viola pedata (fee Bot. Mag. pi. 89J. 


C 536 3 

Stapelia Asterias. Star-Fish 

Clqfs and Order. 
Pentandria Digynia. 

Generic Character. 
Contorta. Neciarium duplici ftellula tegente genitalia. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

STAPELIA AJierias ; ramis pluribus ereclis tetragonis den- 
tatis, dentibus brevibus erectis, corolla magna 
quinquefida; laciniis lanceolatis margine revo- 
lutis ciliatis. Mqffon. Stap. n. 14. /. 14. 

STAPELIA AJierias ; corollis quinquefidis : laciniis ovato- 
acuminatis, margine revolutis, villofis, pedun- 
culis longitudine corollae, ramis ereBis tetra- 
gonis attenuatis bafi fioriferis. Spec. Plant, edit. 
IVilldenow, 1. p. 1280. 

The flower of this very diftincl: fpecies of Stapelia has a 
highly offenfive fmell, appearing to us, although we are not 
certain that the eye might not impofe on the imagination, to 
approach to the {link of a putrid ftar-fifh, as well as to re- 
ferable it in form. The fpecific character given by Willde- 
mow is not lb accurate as that of Masson. In many 
refpefts it agrees with hirfuta, but differs in the fhape of the 
corolla, in the want of hairs in the centre of the flower, and 
in the colours, which, though nearly the fame, are reverfed, 
the ground of the petal in the hirfuta being a pale yellow, and 
the tranfverfe veins a dull purple. 

We arc obliged to Mr. Loddiges, of Hackney, for the 
fpecimen from which our drawing was made, who imported it 
.from the Cape of Good Hope, as he did likewife the one we 
before publilhed, from Mr. Woodford's collection, under 
.the name of Stapelia lentiginofa, and which we by miftake 
, derived from the Royal Garden at Kew. All the Stapeliae are 
proper inhabitants of the dry ftove, but fucceed very well in 
the bark (love 'when placed on a fhelf very near the window. 


J$d by lfCurk<>,S l &e ■( ■; 

[ 537 ] 

Watsonia Roseo-Alba. Long-Tubed 

Watson i a. 

^ & * & # $ &&%%#%&$$%& # 

Clafs and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Char after. 

Spatha adprefia. Corolla recurva : tubus fauce cyathiformi- 
cylindrica gracilior, limbus fexpartitus fubaequalis vel aequalis. 
Filam. tubo adnata a. fauce libera. Stigmata 3, gracilia, bifida. 
Capfala rigido-coriacea. Sem. plurima oblongiufcula. Gander. 

Obs. Ex alls fohorum fapiffime bulbifera. Radix tuber fibrofo-tunicatum. 
kcapus flntlijjimus, nee raro J'ubligneus. Folia en/jformia, vtrwque atte- 
mata, glabra, Jkpe lucida. Spathse furfum fphacelata et foepifjime colnratae. 
faux limbo modo pluries brevior, mo do pluries longior, modo aequalis. Limbi 
lacima rcgulari-patentes vel /ubbilabiato-patentes, latitudine cequales vel paulo 
tnaquales, longitudine Jemper cequales, Capfula ex trigono cylindrical 
utrinque attenuata, coriacca, rigida. Seminis integumtntum nuclto multa 
ma] us, albejhens, opacum, in marginem inccqualem compreffum. Semina 
hand raro Piai fylvejlris femina aliquant ulo referentia. GawJer. 

h fpeciebus quibus faux brevijjtma mar go Jemmis ob/olda, nucleus quant 
in Gladiolo major. G. 

Specific CharaBer and Synonyms. 

WATSONIA rofeo-alba ; corolla regulari : tubo fpatha fauce 
limbove dupjo longiore : laciniis jcqualibus 
explanatis acuminatis, antheris fauccm aeqnan- 
tibus. G. 

GLADIOLUS rofeo-albus. Hort. Schocnb. 1. p. 7. t. 13. 


obferves that all the plants of this order which have fpathaceous 
cauline leaves are fubject to branch, it may probably be fome- 
times polyitachious. Spathes green, fphacelate towards the 
point, keeled, and much fiiorter than the tube. Corolla about 
three inches long. Tube twice as long as the throat, into 
which it gradually widens, and is joined by a geniculate cur- 
vature. Segments horizontally fpreading, equal, acuminate, 
as long as the throat, margins of the alternate ones ilightly re- 
volute. Stamens clofely accumbent, equal to the throat. An- 
thers deep blue. Style projecting nearly equal to the fegments. 
The bulb is fmaller than in many of its congeners and roundiih. 

The length of the tube, relative to the faux, is the perma- 
nent fpecific diftinftion ; for although Jacouin defcribes the 
fegments, tube, and faux, as of equal length, his own figure 
Ihews his mi (take. As fome authors fpeak of thefe flowers 
having a double tube, it mav not be amifs to mention here, 
that, in Mr. G awi.rr's defcriptions, that part only, to which 
the filaments are joined, is called tube, where thefe become 
free the faux begins, and extends to the bale, of the fegments 
of the limb. 

Our figure was drawn laft July from a plant at MelTrs. 
Grimwood and Wykks's, who imported it fome time fince 
from the Cape. Mr. Alderman Hibbert poffeffes a variety 
with deep purple (lowers, but with the mouth always of a 
deeper colour in the inhde. 

All the Watson ias flower late in the Summer, or m 

Befides the Watsonia aletroides and rofeo-alba, the follow- 
ing lift, with others not yet defcribed, will rank under this 
genus, as above defined : 

Ixia marginal a. rlit. Kezv. 

Gladiolus iridifolius. Willd. but not his fynonym of Gla- 
diolus cardinalis. Schneeve. 

Gladioli iridifolii v arte Lis. > J acq. Ic. rar. 
Gladiolus laccatus. Id. 
Antholyza meriana. Linn. 
Antholyz^ meriana varietas. 
Watsonia bumilis. Miller. 


J.£&ar& dd Pnl. by I 

C 538 ] 

Gladiolus Undulatus, var. /3. Waved- 
Flowered Gladiolus, or Corn-Flag. 

*j» •,» •,» *,* *-,> »,-» /,<"/,■« '^V'Vj.'VjCT^ >(*"•>,«">,< >,>:>,? "^.VjO.4" 

Clafs and Order. 


Generic Char a tier. 

Spalh<e valvula exterior lanceolata, concava, intcgerrima. 
Cor tobjUlofa : limbus 6-partitus. Stamina adfcendentia : an- 
thers parallels. Stigmata 3, furfurn dilatara, complicata, de- 
mum canaliculato-explicata. G-pfulaovua, oblonga, fubtrigona, 
letna. Sem. numerofa. Gazvler inedit. 

Obs. Radix tuber fib rofo -tunica turn fubrotv.ndum. Folia multimodis 
tn/ijormia. Scapus laxulus, teres, modo tnqueUr et alatus. Tubus jdi- 
jornus cylmdricus, modo brevijjimus, modo longior, vd etiam in faucet* 
cyiindricarn produclus. Limbus faeprffike incequalis, modojiibcequahs, raro 
aqiudu, ittfundibuliformi — vtl cantpanulato — v4 divancato-ringens, rariui 
hpocralcrt/onni-regulans. Capfuia ovato-oblonga, ob/olete tnquetra, mem- 
branacea, ttnuijjima. Seminis integument um exterius ?naximu?n, mtmbnum- 
cajw, tenus, peilucidum, Jpadiceum, in marginem Jub&quaUm latijfuuam. 
Comprefjo-afnptiatam. Nucleus parvus, Jkbrotundus. G. 

In Glad, communi (nee in G. byzantiuo etfi pro varietate hahto) 
fimina pauciora, nucleus major integimentum nnplens, mar go obfoleta. In 
Glad. Cunoniayoo^uj Jtnclus, crajfus, tuber nudum. G. 

Specific Cbaraf/er and Synonyms. 
GLADIOLUS undulatus ; corolla ereBa infundibuliformi : 

laciniis undulatis obtufis, fuperioribus ovato- 

oblongis, fumma majore: mferioribus tluplo 

minoribus asqualibus fubrecurvis. Gazvler. 
GLADIOLUS augujlus (angujlusf). Tbunb. D<f 19. 21. 

prod. 8. 
W GLADIOLUS undulatus. Jacq. coll. 256. Jc. rar. t. 251. 

Willd. Sp. PL v. 1. p. 218. Nee Unnxi. 
GLADIOLUS Jtriafus. Andr. Bot. Rep. 91. ejufque Recenf. 

Gladiolus undulatus. 
(P) GLADIOLUS undulatus, corolla rofeo-alba, lucida: laciniis 

infimis fafcia atrofanguinea percurfis. G. 
GLADIOLUS, foliis enfiformibus flonbus alternis patentibus. 

Mill. ic. 198. /. 292. /. 2. 
GLADIOLUS undulatus. Schneev. 6? Geuns. Ic. 19. 

This beautiful Gladiolus is without fcent. Stem from 
ei ght inches to a foot high, fometiraes fimple, fometimes 


branched. Outer leaf longed, fubfalcate, ftrongly nerved. 
The tube fhorter, equal to, or longer than the fpathe. 

This is not the Gladiolus undulalus of Linnjeus, as any 
one may be fati&fied who will attend to the obfervations on this 
and Gladiolus recurvus in the Mantifla, where the tube is 
defcribed to be filiform, lax, and pendulous ; the fegments of 
the corolla fomewhat equal and acuminate ; the ftem a foot 
and half high. This description, which, by no means applies 
to our plant, correfponds very well with Gladiolus cufpidatus 
of Jacquin, the fegments of which are alfo more decidedly 
and conftantly undulated. However, as it has been already 
three times figured, and is known to Botanifts in general by the 
prefent title, which agrees well enough with it, as does the 
name of cufpidatus with the real undulatus, we retain it, as 
mod likely to prevent confufion. Gladiolus undulatits of 
Lourfiro Cochin, 36. having a "four-parted laciniate nec- 
" tary," can icarcely be of this genus, although made a variety 
of Lin nous's plant by him and Profeffor Martin. Miller 
received a bulb of our plant from the Gardener Vanhazen of 
Leyden, who had raifed it from Cape feeds. For its culture, 

fee 539- 

The generic efiential character above given will be found 
to contain a very natural family, excluding none of the fpecies 
already known, but fuch as will rank under IVatfonia, Antho- 
Iyza, Babiana K \ or one or other of the fubdivifions of Ixia, 
excepting only Gladiolus gramineas, which is a completely 
diftinft genus. 

The following are the fpecies already defcribed, and many 
others are to be met with in our gardens : 

. Gladiolus zvatfomus >• abbrcviatus, And. Bot. rep. 166. — — 

trijiis ; verjicolor : gracilis ,- hynlimis ; carinatus ;— ' 

bre-vifolius ; flexnofus ; mcrianellus ; hirjutus ; communis ; 

byzantinus, Miller: cardinalis, Schneev. Curtis: floribundus; 

undulatus : angujlus- blandus (albidus, Jacq.) ; ; 

cufpidatus; alatus ; alalus, Andrews, t/ 8. galeatns, 

Andrews, 122 ; viridis, Hon. Kew. add.- tcnellus; 


In the above lift, thofe which are not feparated by a line, 
are nearly allied : fuch as are not followed by a citation, are in 
Willdenow's edition of Spec. Plant. 



1 /.V/ i 

C 539 ] 
Ixia Conica. Orange-Coloured Ixia. 

Clafs and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Charatler. 

Cor. 6-partita patent azqualis. Stigma 3, erc&iufcula patula. 
Sem. fubrotunda plurima. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

IXIA conica 

ltigmaubus non ultra bairn antherarum divnis. (uiwler. 
IXIA conica. Salijb. prod. Hort. 36. Martin Mill. Did. a. 47. 
IXIA maculata, var. flava apicibus purpureis. c l'hunb. DijJ. 19. 

mild. Sp. PL i. 205. 
IXIA maculata. L. Mant. 20 ? Barman, fl. Capcnf. Ait. Kcw. 

1. 60. 
IXIA Milleri. Cap. 8. quoad defcriptionem fed fig. 1. 

r\or\ fig. 2. Milleri. 
IXIA capitata. Andr, Bot. Repqf. 50. Ejufque Rcccnfionis. 

Ixia maculata. 
IXIA foliis gladiolatis glabris, floribuscorymbofisterminaHbus. 

Mill. Icon. 156./. 1. 
SISYRINCHIUM africamtm, majus flore luteo macula notato. 

Olden' and. Afr. 32. 

Descr. Spike broad-thyrfiform ; rachis flexuore, 1 — 8 
flowered; fpathe membranaceous; outer valve broad-ovate, 
toner one narrower, bifid, both fhorter than the tube, and this 
J 3 times fhorter than the limb, which is horizontally patent; 
fegments oblong-oval, firm, the outer ones fomewhat broadeft 
a "d more obtufe, generally fuflfufed on the outfide towards 
tn e points with crimfon, when folded up (which they are upon 
every flight obnubilation of the fun) they form a narrow-pointed 


and fomewhat angular cone with a hypocraferiform bafe, in 
which ftate this fpecies is very diftinguifhable from its con- 
geners. It varies with deep orange and with ft raw-coloured 
Mowers from one to two inches in diameter, ftain more or lefs 
variegated by its (i x-rayed ftar. Leaves four or five, grafs- 
like, about half the length of the fcape, which is from fix 
inches to two feet high; fcentlefs; expands only when the 
weather is clear, warm, and (till. Dried, it preferves its bril- 
liancy unimpaired, and is a great ornament to the herbarium. 
Flowers in May. 

This appears to be a very common plant at the Cape, as 
every importation of bulbs from thence contains a confiderable 
proportion of it, and fome arrivals have confifted of little elfe. 
Perhaps it may be the plant firft defcribed by Linnaeus in the 
Mantilla, by the name of Ixia macttlata ; but as that is (aid to 
differ from Ixia ere Ha only in having a ftain at the bafis of 
the corolla, we referve this name for the fpecies anfwering 
belt to this defcription, efpeciaily as we cannot trace our plant 
in any one of the thirty-eight varieties of maculala figured ffl 
Hortus Schoenbrunnenfis, among which feveral diftinct fpecies 
appear to us to have been blended. 

Mr. Salisbury gave it the name of conic 77, from the above- 
mentioned peculiar appearance of the flower when clofed. 
Profellor Martin, as we judge by his calling the colour a deep 
red, did not underlland the fpecies this author was describing, 
being milled probably by the word minuita, as we confefs our- 
felves to have been, when we propofed this as a doubtful 
iynonym of Ixia patois. 

It was cultivated from Cape feeds, by Miller, in 1757 ; 
but his figure is full of botanical errors. 

Our acquaintance with that portion of the vegetable king- 
dom included in Jltssiei/s natural order of hides (the Enfat<t 
of Lin n.lus) has of late advanced with rapid flrides, and 
new fubjecls continually offering themfelves for proper ar- 
rangement, the neceffity of a reform in the prefent condiment 
genera of this order is felt by everv Botanift. We had 
entertained hopes of being no longer under the neceffity 
of adopting an eflential characler fo vague and indeterminate 
as 1 he one annexed ; but unfortunately this reform is attended 
with much difficulty ; the regularity or irregularity, die cur- 
vatmo or (traightnefs, the equality or inequality of the corolla 
in this tribe, although hitherto ufed as the foundation of g e j 
nera, being never to be depended upon for folid, eflential 
(and fo.netimes fcarcely for . fpeeific) diftinftions : Co that, not- 
withftauding the pains he has take:-,, our friend, Mr. Ga\vl eR » 

has not btv 11 as \ei able to reduce this genus to its prope r 


ftandard, and thinks it beft for the prefent only to divide it 
into feveral fe&ions, diftinguifhed from each other by charac- 
tcriftical marks, with notices of fuch as appear to him moll 
likely to become the foundations of future feparate genera. 
With thefe obfervations we hope foon to have an opportunity 
of treating our botanical readers. In the mean time, there is 
one divifion, the fpecies compofing which are at prefent dif- 
perfed in the three genera of Ixia, Gladiolus, and 
Antholyza, fo very dill in cl at firft fight from the reft, by 
their fmooth fheathing petioles, terminated in general by a 
plicate and villofe leaf, with their bulbs fituated unufually deep 
in the earth, that Mr. Gawler has with the greateft pro- 
priety united thefe into a feparate genus, with the name of 
Bab i an a. They are called by the Dutch at the Cape, Ba- 
burner^ from the circumftance of their bulbs being a favourite 
food of the baboons. This genus will contain, befides fe- 
vcral hitherto undefcribed fpecies, Ixia villofa, Hort. Kew. 
Ixia villofa, Jacq. I x i a pum'cea, J acq. Ixia mbro-cyanea, 
Jacq. et Rot. Mag. Gladiolus Jiri&us, Hort. Kew. Gladi- 
olus plicatus t Thunb. et Linn. Gladiolu s, fulphureus, Jacq. 
Gladiolus fambucinu s, Hort. Schoenb. Gladiolus fra- 
grans, Hort. Schoenb. Gladiolus mucronatus, Jacq. Gla- 
diolus Jpathaceus, Thunb. Gladiolus tiibi'florus t Linn. 
Gladiolus tubatus t Jacq. Gladiolus crifpus, Thunb. 
Antholyza ra^m, Linn. Antholyza plic ata, Thunb. 

Ixia, Gladiolus, Antholyza, Watsonia, and Ba- 
nana, all require a fimiiar treatment ; that is, merely to be 
kept from being frozen, or too much chilled, as they frequently 
are in a pit, in a roomy light greenhoufe, into which plenty of 
a >r can be admitted, and to be planted in fmallifh pots with 
lh e black mould taken from the furface of heaths, well rotted 
and thoroughly mixed with a fmall quantity of loam. No ar- 
uficial heat muft be ufed, except in very hard weather. Little 
water muft be given in the Winter for fear of rotting the 
bu 'bs, but abundance in the Spring and Summer. Upon the 
de cay of the leaves the bulbs mould be taken up, carefully 
dl 'ied, and replanted in September or Oftober. 

[ 540 ] 

mesembryanthemum pomeridlanum. great 
Yellow-Flowered Fig-Marigold. 

Clafs and Order. 


Generic Char abler. 

Cat. 5-fidus. Petala numerofa linearia. Cap/, carnofa, infera, 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

MESEMBRYANTHEMUM pomeridianum ; foliis planiuf- 

culis lato-lanceolatis laevibus 
fubciliatis diftin&is, caule pe- 
dunculis germinibufque hirds. 
Sp. PI. 698. Jacquin Icon. rar. 
v. 2. 489. Ait. Hort. Kew. 2. 
194. Martin Miller's Dili. n. 
66. Linn. Dec. 1. tab. 13. 

MESEMBRYANTHEMUM glabrutn s And. 57. an hujus 

varietas nana ? 

This is certainly the Mesembryanthemum pomeridianum 
of Linn/eus, both accurately defcribed and figured by the 
younger Linnaus. The Mesembryanthemum helianthoidcs 
of the Kew Catalogue we mould be tempted to put down as a 
mere variety of this ; but obferving that both forts were intro- 
duced by Mr. Mass on from the Cape the fame year, we a f e 
unwilling to fuppofe that, in fo accurate a work, two fpecieS 
mould be made of one when both could be compared together. 

It has ulually twelve ftigmas and as many cells in the cap- 
fule ; the peduncles and bafe of the calyx are always hairy ; 
the fegments of the calyx irregular, three of them flat and 
u'fually longer than the petals, and two rounded in the middle 
with membranaceous appendages at the bale. 

It is a tender annual ; but if raifed in a hot bed in April or 
May, the young plants may be fet out in the open border by 
the middle of June, where they will thrive much better than 
when confined in a pot. They produce a great number 01 
flowers, which when expanded, as they always are in the 
afternoon if the fun fhine, are very fhewy ; and as they feed 
freely, they are eafily propagated. 

Our figure was taken in the Botanic Garden at Brompton 
early in July laft. — Introduced to the Royal Garden at K.e^> 
by Mr. Masson, 1774. Ait. Kew. 

J 7 ^ 

'>Edtvxwds del 

'r. VTCur&i 

' k?6f . 


?Zi6rarr/s del, 7h£>> byW&l 


C 541 ] 

Ixia Grandiflora. Velvet-Flowered 


Clafs and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

. Cor. 6-partita patens aequalis. Stigm. 3 erecliufcula patula. 
Seta, fub rotunda plurima. 

Specific CharaSer and Synonyms. 

IXIA grandiflora ; foliis fubtiliter ftriatis, fpatbis ariftato- 

laceris, tubo brevi : laciniis ftellato-patentib'us oblongo- 

cuneatis apice rotundatis, ftaminibus lateralibus. GavoL 
IXIA grandiflora. De la Roche Dif. p. 23. Hotitt. Nat. Mijf. 

p. 17. pi. 77 .f. 3. Linn. Pfl. Syft. u. 37. /. 77. J. 3. 

Salijb. Prod. Hert. 37. 26. 
IXIA bulbifera (a) flore purpureo. Tbunb. Dif. 16,17. 
IXIA ariftata. Hort. Keiv. 1. p. 57. Willd. Sp. PL 1. 203. 

And. Bot. Rep. t. 87. ejufque Recenf. — (nee vero Thunb.) 
IXIA uniflora. Mant. 27. Herb. Linn. Jacq. Coll. 4. p. 181. 

ic. rar. 2. t. 283. 
IXIA holofericea. Jacq. Hort. Schoenb. v. 1. cum 3 var. 
IXIA foliis gladiatis glabris, caule uniflora. Mill. ic. 237. 

fig 3. cum 2 aliis var. 
SISYRINCHIUM cetbiopicum majus. Comm. Hort. Am. v. 1. 

t. 42. p. 83. Anne fpecies diftin&a? 

.Descr. Bulb ovate, about the fize of a hazel nut, covered 
J"ih a white filky fibrous tunic, bafe umbilicated. Leaves 
f rom five to eight, enfiform, fliorter than the fcape, difticb, 
outer ones gradually fhorter. Scape from fix inches to a foot 
Jor >g, thickifh, ftiff, and nearly of equal thicknefs. Rachis 
Ver y flexuofe. Spatbe membranous, light brown with dark 
W&L more or lefs torn into irregular awn-like jags, accord- 
J."g to the time it has been in flower (for, if not at firft, it is 
,ur e to be fo fooner or later). Flowers from one to five, 
ncv er more, large, fhewy. Tube fhort, nearly the length of 


the fpathe. Segments feveral times longer than the tube, fomc- 
times ending with a fmall point more or lefs obfolete. Branches, 
when any, one or two flowered. Parts of Vruclification lateral 
(i. e. inclined to one fide without being afcendent). Stamens 
diverging, whitifh. Stigmas large, exceeding the anthers, re- 
curved, complicate, ciliate. Stem-Bulbs one or two, (lender, 
oblong, from the axils of the inner root-leaves. 

It varies with violet, white, blueifh, purple, and ftriped 
flowers, alfo with flowers white on the infide and purple 
without, with a flar at the bafe. This laft is the Sisyrinchium 
of Commelin, above quoted, and being much taller, with 
longer flenderer leaves, may be a diftincl fpecies ; but this with 
grandiflora, bulbifera t and what is, perhaps, a variety of this, 
lacera of the Linnean Herbarium, are fo nearly allied, that it 
is difficult to define their differences. All of them are fcentlcfs. 
This being the Ixia arijiata of Hort. Kew. it was defirable 
to have retained a name ettabliftied upon fuch authority ; but 
as it was fo called, under the fuppofition of being the arijiata 
of Thunberg, which it is not, we mould by fo doing, only 
perpetuate a miflake ; and when we come to give a figure of 
the true arijiata of Thunberg, as we hope to do, we fhould 
be obliged to find a new name for that, and thus increafe 
the confufion we wifli to difpel; we feel ourfelves, therefore, 
at liberty to adopt one of the names by which it has been 
already defcribed : the one we have chofen has the right of 
priority, and is at the fame time fufficiently charafteriftic. 
De La Roche publilhed his defcription of it at Leyden in 
1766, and it has been fince figured under the name of Ixia 
grandiflora, by Houttuyn, in two works. 

. The Ixia arijiata of Thunberg has a reticulated bulb, 
linear five-nerved leaves, with a prominent mid-rib and 
thickened margin ; from five to nine flowers of a pale flefh 
colour, one-ranked, on a rachis fcarcely flexuofe ; fpathe fub- 
membranous, awn-toothed (not torn). Vide Tbunb. Dijf. 

_ Our plant is the purple variety of Thunb erg's Ixia but- 
hifera(a) but his yellow variety (y) which is now deemed a 
diftina fpecies, is more conftantly and confpicuoufty bulbi- 
ferous, having frequently feveral bulbs at the joint of the 
Item as well as in the axils of the lower leaves ; for this, 
therefore, the trivial name of buibifera is properly referved. 

For the proper culture, fce p. 539. It is propagated eafilv 
by feeds and bulbs. Flowers in May. Was introduced into 
the Kew Garden in 1758. 


$Ed»an& del. Jbt&. bf WCut fis, , ff0, \ '-../, -.-, . ; ; \ •. / /rfW. TJty 

C 542 ] 

Ixia Scillaris, var. Latifolia (a). Squill- 
Flowered Ixia . — B road- Leaved Variety, 

♦ ♦ » ♦ » $ $<% ♦ i » $ ♦ ♦ $ #$$ ft 

Cfo/jr a»i Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Charatler. 
Cor. 6-partita patens Eequalis. Stigma 3 ereEiufcula patula. 
Sent, fubrotunda plurima. 

Specific CbaracJer and Synonyms, 
IXIA Jcillaris ; corollae laciniis obtufiflimis, antheris brevifii- 

mis fulcato-didymis capitato-conniventibus, ftigmatibui 

infundibuliformibus hiantibus infra antheras recurvatis. 

Gawler. v 

IXIA frill arts. Linn. Sp. PI. 52, ejnfque Herbarii. Hort. 

Kew. 1. 59. Burm. Prod. 1. Hoult. Nat. Hi/I. v. 12. 

/. 77. Houtt. Linn. Pfl. Syft. v. 11. /». 33. f. 77. /. 2. 

Nee vero Thunbergii. 
IXIA pentandra. Linn. Fil. Snppt. 92. Thunb. Dijf. 18.22. 

Prod. 10. Syft. Veg. Murr. 85. #W. Sp. PL v. 1. 

/>. 207. 
IXIA retura. Salifi. Prod. Hort. 35. 11. Mzr/. AfirY/. Dill. 

n. 44. 
(«) latifolia. Spica elongata, corollae tubo fpatham brevem fub- 

aequante : laciniis reflexis, foliis latere excifis (fepij/ime 
Jubundulatis) fcapo 3-4-plo brevioribus. G. 
IXI^E polyftachiae var. Jacq. Coll. Suppl. 15.9. tab. 2. /. 1. 
IXIA reflexa. And. Bot. Rep. t. 14, ejnfque Recenf. IXL\ 

rotata — Calyx herbacca ^-fida, fores pedicellati, folia 

inte^crrimafunt picloris errores. 
(0) anguftifolia. Floribus minoribus, tubo capillar! fpatha 

duplo longiore laciniis patcntibus (modo retufis) eequali, 

foliis fubexcifis longioribus. G. 
!XIA polyftachia, Jacq. Coll. 3. 269. Ic. Rar. 2. t. 275. 

Gmet. Syjl. Nat. p. no. And. Bot. Rep. t. 128. ejufque 


Qescr. Bulb fcarcely bigger than a pea, round, covered 
w, th a dark brown fmooth tunic. Stem from a foot to 
a foot and a half high, fimple or with one or two branches. 
The fpike of this variety has from ten to twenty flowers, 
fomewhat remote, efpecially towards its bafe. Leaves 3-4. 


Calyx fhort, outer valve three, inner two-toothed. Corollas 
fometimes with fo fhort a tube that they appear to be 
rotate : Segments fomewhat unguiculate, obovate, concaye, 
and ultimately reflexed to the very Item, though previously 
only partially fo, perhaps one, then two, which at that time 
gives it the appearance of having irregular corollas. Stamens 
wort, upright." Pijlil fhorter. Anthers very fmall, oblong, or 
ovate, approaching each other fo as to form a kind of bead- 
Stigmas ciliate. — It is very apt to have the tops of its leaves 
withered before it flowers. Varies with purple, rofe, pink, and 
whitifh coroJlas. All fcentlefs, though Jacquin defcribes the 
narrow-leaved one as fweet ; this blows much later and is 
probably a diftinft: fpecies. 

This is certainly Lin nous's plant, and received its trivial 
name from a fuppofed refemblance to Scilla am<ena t a proof 
that he defcribed from a dried fubjecf,, in which ftate it cer- 
tainly affords different ideas of relemblance, than when feerr 
in a living one, efpecially in colour, which then becomes 
nearly violet ; but isdiftinft; from the l.fcillaris of Thunberg, 
that being nearly allied to I. fecunda. What is ufually called 
fcillaris by the Nurferymen is Ixi a excifa, which refembles our 
plant in the leaf, but is a completely different fpecies. 

This article, for which, as well as the preceding, we are en? 
tirely indebted to Mr. Gawler, will, we hope, be the means 
of putting an end to the errors and confufion this fpecies has 
caufed among Botanifts. The Synonyms are fo arranged as to 
fhew its hiftory and clear up the blunders. Thunberg ful- 
peBed Lin nous's fcillaris was h\s fecunda, a fpecies, perhaps 
the moft diftant from it of the whole genus. He obferves 01 
our. plant, that it now and then, though rarely, has four fta- 
mens and four ftigmas, and fometimes five, to which he might 
have alfo added fix ; but this is a luxuriancy well known to all 
cultivators of this genus not to be at all uncommon in moft ot 
the fpecies ; to which redundancy of the parts of fructification, 
a proportionate one of the fegments of the coroll? .soften added; 
but furely this cannot juftify his adopting the t.ivial name ot 
pentandra, efpecially as he allows its having five ftamens to 
happen very rarely. Ixi a crocata fometimes occurs with twelve 
fegments, fix ftamens, fix ftigmas, and Ixia falcaia with nine 
fegments, fix ftamens, ftyles, and ftigmas. 

It is eafily propagated by feeds and offsets ; flowers as early 
as January. Was introduced into the Kew Garden by 
Mr. Masson in 1787. 


S.£ dwarfs del I'ui. /rt WCurfo < Vffa? ChfientDec t. fdVf. SSarfc*: teufr 

[ 513 J 

Epidendrum Cucullatum. Hooded 

Oafs and Order. 


Generic Character. 
Neciarium turbinaium, obliquum reflexum. 

Specific Charatler and Syno?iyms. 

EPIDENDRUM cucullatum s foliis fubulatis, fcapo unifloro, 
ne£lani labio ovato ciliato acuminato, pe- 
talis elongatis. Spec. PL 1350. 

HELLEBORINE floribus albis cucullatis. Plum. Spec. 9. 
Icon. ijq. f. 1. 

This very curious fpecies of Epidendrum, which we 
believe flowered for the firft time in this country* in the bark 
ftove of Edward Woodford, Efq. Vauxha!!, in September 
'aft, rifes with a tingle ftem, clothed with two or three alter- 
nate aft-coloured fcale-like fpathes, fo clofcly adpreffed as 
to be fcarcely difcernible. From the top of the ftem irfues 
one leaf (perhaps, as in the figure of Pi.uMi£R,fometimes more) 
flefliy, linear, acute, convex at the back, and (lightly grooved 
in front. From the bofom of this leaf rifes a round (cape, 
at firft fwelling, then attenuated upwards, bearing a folitary 
flower, perfectly white when newly opened, but becoming 
tinged with a yellowifh green, confifting of three external 
and two internal petals, of fimilar length and fhape, linear, 
fomewhat undulated, the two inner ones exactly oppofite, and 
a ne&ary furrounding the parts of fruclification fhaped like a 
friar's cowl, far-acuminate, fringed, continuing of a fnow white 
after the petals have changed their tint. Nearly fcentlefs. 

# It was in the royal colleftion at Kew in 1794. Mart. Miff. Di8. 


In the fame fuperb colle&ion, we had the pleafure of feeing in 
flower, at the fame time, the En den dru nfragrans of Swart z, 
fo called from the very fine odour it diffufes far around, a plant 
formerly figured in the Botanical Magazine, and there called by 
miftake Epidendrum cochleatum. Who can avoid occafional 
error, efpecially where the fpecies are fo numerous ? Frofeffor 
Martyn, in his edition of Miller's Dictionary, enumerates 
one hundred and twenty-four kinds, of which but thirty were 
known to Linn it us, and only four appear in the Kew Cata- 

Being a native of the Weft Indies, and naturally a parafitical 
plant, its culture is difficult, and it is of neceffity a conftant 
inhabitant of the bark ftove in our climate. 

Mr. Woodford's head gardener, Mr. Watson, who is a 
very fuccefsful cultivator and pays great attention to the na- 
tural propenfities of plants, recommends in the management 
of Epidendrum to protect the roots by knobs of old tan, 
and obferves that, in general, they love (hade and a hot damp 
air, but do not bear much water to the roots. 

>'■ o^4- 

del Fui>. by WCurhs S? fee -Cref cent !)> 

C 544 ] 



C/afs and Order. 


Generic Charatler. 

Recept. viilofum feu paleaceum. Pappus corona 5-phylla. 
Cat. imbricatus: fquamis apice fcariofis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

ARCTOTIS anihemoide s; radio {terili, paleis flofculos fub- 

a^quantibus, feminibus bafi penicillatis, foliis 

duplicato-pinnatifidis linearibus. 
ARCTOTIS anihemoides ; paleis flofculo brevioribus, foliis 

fupra decompoiitis linearibus. Sp. PL 307. 

Martyns Miller s Ditl. 13. 
CHAM^MELUM. Barman. Afr. 174. /. 63./. 2. 
URSINI.E Spec. Gxrt.frutJ. 2. 462. 

Descr. Root annual, fibrous. Stem much branched at the 
bale ; /raves fmooth, alternate, doubly pinnatifid : leaflets 
linear, fomewhat reflexed. Peduncles terminal, long, obfoletcly 
channelled. Calyx fubovate, imbricate ; fcales ovate, margi- 
ned, the interna] ones largeft. Receptacle chaffy and hairy, 
the hairs coming off attached to the feed. Chaffs involving 
the floret and nearly equal to it, perfiflent. Radius about 
twelve-rayed, neuter, fterile, yellow within, and purple without. 
1 Uijk yellow, florets crowded, a little exceeding the chaffs. 
Seeds ftriated, incurved, with a membranous crown of five 
leaflets, which are white with a brown ftreak in the middte, 
and have a tuft of cottony hairs at the lower extremity. 


The genus Arctotis, as at prefent conflituted, contains 
fpecies which do not well accord with one another, nor even 
come under the fame order in the Linnean- fyftem, the prefent 
plant properly belonging to the order of Polygamia Frus- 
tranea. Arctotis anihemoides y paradoxa t and dentate are, 
however, certainly congeners, and Gartner has made an 
attempt to form them into a diftinct genus, under the name 
ofURSiNiA, in which we might have been led to have fol- 
lowed him, but unluckily our plant wants his effential character 
of a double pappus on the crown of the feed. It fre- 
quently, though not generally, happens that the floret re- 
mains attached to the feed after this is ripe ; is it pofiible 
that, in the examination of a dried fpecimen, fuch a circum- 
ftance could have deceived this accurate Botaniit ? However 
this may be, our plant has certainly no fuch double pappus, 
one within the other, as he has defcribed and figured, although 
it has, which is very unufual, a fort of pappus at both ends, a 
membranous crown at one end, and a pencil of hairs at the 
other. By this laft, the feed attaches itfelf to whatever it hap- 
pens to touch, and by this means may be conveyed to a greater 
diftance than by the help of the wind. 

Though poffeffing no particular beauty, it is, in feveral re- 
flects, curious to the eye of a common obferver. All the 
e of the flower is of a lively yellow colour, the outfide 
purple. The buds nod, but the flowers when expanded ftand 
•t ; as the flower decays, it again nods till the feeds are 
ripe, when it rifes upright, and the crown of the feed expand- 
ing at the fame time, it very much refembles fome flower of 
another family, having a corolla of five white fegments and 
a brown ftar in the middle, not very unlike a fiatice. The 
whole plant fmells like Chamomile. 

It is an annual, a native of the Cape of Good Hope, and 
thrives very well in the open border, and if brought forward 
by being fown on a hot-bed in the Spring, will produce plenty 
of feeds. If kept within doors, the flowers dtminifrr in fize 
and lofe their purple colour. It has been cultivated at the 
Botanic Garden at Brompton fince the year 1795, at which 
time it was firft raifed there from feeds obtained from the 
Cape of Good Hof>e. 


W Curtis ft (Zee i 


C 545 ] 



Clafs and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor, 6-partita patens cequalis. Stigm. 3 ere&iufcula patula. 
Sem. fubrotunda plurima. 

Specific Charaffer and Synonyms. 

IXIA bulbifera; foliis multiftriatulis, fpatha lacera, corolla 
infundibuliformi fuperne patente : tubo brevi : laciniis 
ovato-oblongis, ftaminibus iateralibus divergent bus. 

IXIA bulbifera. Linn. Sp. PL 51. Syji. Veg. 85. Reichard. 
1. 99. Am<en. Acad. 4. 300. Hort. Kezv. 1. 57. Willd. 
Sp- PL 1 204. Bot. Repof. 48. Ejufq. recenf. 8. Bur- 
man, prod.fl. cap. 1. 

IXIA bulbifera, var. y. flava. Thunb. Diff. 16. 

IXIA bulbifera. Mill. Diff. Hi enim fores fijlit fiilphureos s 
ejus J "pec men vera apud Herb. Banks, ceque action 
pffafioribus gaudent a^bo-purp'ireis ! 

JXIA monanthos. De la Roche, Diff. 2\ ? 

This is alfo termed by the Dutch Vluweel Bloemje, or Velvet- 
fl°wer y as well as Ixia grandiflora of the laft number, to which 
n is very clofely allied, but generally taller, leaves paler or 
m ore tinged with yellow; (tern bearing from one to four bulbs 
*j each joint, which fall off when mature; corolla likened to 
Hsmerocallis in the Amtenitat. Academic*, fomewhat fmaller 
an d narrower than in grandiflora-, fegments with the fides 


curved not ftraight, approaching an oval not a cuneate form, 
points though obtufe not fo broadly rounded ; colour light 
yellow. Strong plants from old bulbs generally have two 
branches ; flowers, three to five, fcentlefs, or, according to 
Mr. Curtis, (lightly fragrant; leaves, as in its relatives, 
more numerous than is general in Ixia, fix to ten, outer ones 
gradually Ihorter, outermoft fcarcelv half an inch long. De 
la Roche's variety is blotted and {beaked with brown ; but 
if Ixia /acem, which we have not yet met with, be a diiiinft 
fpecies, this would rather be a variety of that. 

Propagates fall by feeds, ftem-bulbs, and root-bulbs, and is 
become one of the commoner! fpecies in our gardens, yet has 
never before been figured, except in the Botaniit's Repofitory. 
Preferves its colour, when dried, unimpaired. Cultivated by 
Miller in 1758. 

It has been fuppofed that many remarkable varieties in this 
genus have been produced by the induftry of Dutch gardeners, 
but this is very doubtful, for certain it is that fcarcely a va- 
riety, or what is fuppofed to be fuch, has been imported from 
Holland, that has not been produced alio from bulbs that 
were undoubtedly gathered wild or difcovered in fpecimens 
collected at the Cape. Whenever therefore a plant affords 
marks of distinction from its congeners, exceeding thofe al- 
loted to variety by Linn£us, and is not known to have been 
raifed from the feeds of the identical fpecies of which it is 
pretended to be a variety, we, without hefitation, record it a 
diftinct fpecies : as ftudioufly avoiding, on the other hand, to 
enumerate as fuch, thofe that merely differ within the rules 
prefcribed by our great mailer. When, as in this inftance, 
we are but flightly acquainted with the local economy and 
precife habitat, this rule requires to be ftrictly attended to. 

N. B. In the enumeration of the fpecies of Watsonia (fee 537) 
we omitted Ixia fpicata (fiflukfa, Bot. Mag.) and Ixia plantag'nea, 
which we now propofe for infertion. — Watsonia plantaginea will W 
ihortly given. 



iZEtbMr-drdet. 2>tiJ>. by. TlJ >//'A" tf*0*t>: { 'fffoent Jan 1. h?C2. J^'anjcm"^ 

' C 546] 


or Oswego-Tea. 

C/#/} and Order. 


Generic Charatler. 

Cor. inaequalis : labio fuperiorc lineari filamenta infolvente. 
Semina 4. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

MONARDA didyma> floribus capitatis fubdidynamis, caule 

acutangulo. Linn. Sp. PI. ed. 3. p. 32. Ait. Keyc. 

v. 1. p. 36. Mill. ic. 183./ I". 
MONARDA floribus capitatis verticillatifque, caule acute 

angulato, foliis lanceolato-ferratis glabris. Buttn. 

am. 226. Frew. Plant. Selecl. 3. /. 64. lorn. 

icon. 249. 

Betwixt the variety of Monarda fijlulofa, figured pi. 145, of this 
work, and the prefent fpecies, there is a great fimilarity, el'pe- 
cially as that plant is coloured, the bloffoms not inclining (o 
much as they ought to the crimfon hue ; for, in regard to 
colour, the two plants differ very materially, the flowers of 
the didyma being of a rich fcarlet, and thofe of the fijlulofa 
var. of a fine crimfon ; but the great fpecific difference be- 
tween the two confifts in the angles of the (talk, which are (harp 
m the one and obtufe in the other; the variety of the fijlulofa 
grows to a greater height al fo ; there are many other differences 
which it is needlefs to particularife, fuffice it to fay, that they 
are both very defirable plants, of the hardy herbaceous kind, 
and worthy a place in all colle&ions. 

The didyma feldom riles to above the height of two feet, it 
throws out numerous {talks, whence it becomes bufby ; its 
foliage when bruifed gives out a molt delightful fragrance, 
*hich alone would entitle the plant to a place in every garden. 

It is a native of North-America, from whence it was intro- 
duced by Peter Collinson, Efq. in 1755, flowers from 
June to Auguft ; prefers a moift foil, where, like fome of the 
mints, it increafes greatly by throwing out numerous fhootsfrom 
its roots, by dividing and tranfplanting of which it is readily 
propagated, as well as by feeds, which it produces, though not 

The name of Monarda was given to this genus in honour 
of Nicholas Monardes, a Spanifh Phyfician, of the fix- 
teenth century, and its trivial name from this fpecies having 
fubdidynamous flowers, i. e. with four ftamens, but two of 
them without anthers. 

Va {tf. 

JPublry IffTurtw, ^ffec.Cre/cent Jan 1.7&0P: J'San/cmscu^r 

[ 547 ] 

Pelargonium Quinatum. Five-Fingered 
Pelargonium., or Crane's-Bill. 

■tWM&f fr frfr* » frfrfjt »»» »»» 

C/tf/} #?/;/ Order. 


Generic Character. 

C;/. 5-partitus : Iacinio fuprema definente in tubulum ca- 
pillarem ne6tariferum fecus pedunculum decurrentem. Cor. c- 
petala irregularis. Fil. 10 inasqualia : quorum 3 (raro 5) caf- 
trata. Fmclus 5-coccus roitratus : roftra fpiralia introrfum 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

"LLARGONIUM quinatum; caule fruticofo angulato, foliis 
alternis quinque-partitis : foliolis cuneatis 
apice tridentatis, pedunculis unifloris erec- 
tis terminalibus, calyce maximo ftellato- 

GERANIUM pramorfum. Bot. Repof. 150. 

• This very rare and diftinft fpecies is but of low ftature, at 
leaft we have not yet feen it reach a foot in height. The ftalk 
is woody at the lower part and angular ; branches few, flefhy, 
flexuofe, with leaves growing alternate on footftdks the length 
of the leaf, with two very fmall green fubulate ftipulae ; leaves 
loft, kidney-fhaped, divided almoft to the footftalk into five 
cuneate three-toothed fegments, the two outer ones, as is ufual, 
broader than the reft, confiding as it were of two united. 
From the very extremity of the branch grows one ereft pe- 
duncle, jointed at the bafe, and having juft below the joint 
generally three concave ovate braBeae. The fimilarity of the 
peduncle and bradeae to thofe of the umbellate fpecies, leads 
to a fufpicion that the flower may not always be folitary ; how- 


ever, we have never as yet feen it bear more than one to 
each branch. The fegments of the calyx are very long, fpread- 
ing, linear-lanceolate. Corolla large, fhewy, the two fuperior 
petals ereft, obovatc, cream coloured, beautifully ftreaked 
from the centre with red veins, and more than double the fize 
of the three lower paler veinlefs petals. Fertile ftamens 
feven, afcendent, with purple anthers. Stigmas five, rotate, 

When a plant has obtained an eftablifhed name, we hold 
it better to retain this than to change it even for a better ; but 
this fpecies never having been, to our knowledge, defcribed 
by any author of authority, we feel ourfelves at liberty to 
adopt the name of quinatum, which was with great propriety 
propofed by Mr. Gawler, from its leaves being divided into 
five fegments or leaflets, much in the fame manner as thofe of 
ternatum are divided into three ; the nurferyman's name pra- 
morfuw, which gives a falfe idea, appearing to us totally in- 

It is eafily propagated by cuttings, but the tender branches 
feem very apt to perifh. 

Was firft railed from feeds procured from the Cape by 
Mr. Quarrell, at the nurfery of Mr. Colville, King's- 
Road, Chelfea, where it has been plentifully increafed. 

Our figure was taken from a fpecimen which flowered at 
Edward Woodford's, Efq. the latter-end of May 1801. 



C 548 ] 


C/afs and Order. 
Triandria Mon'ogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. 6-partka patens aequalis. Stigma 3 ereftiufcula patttla. 
Sem. fubrotunda plurima. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

IXIA licolor ; fpatha lacera, corolla-bilabiata angufta: limbo 
tubum fubsequante : laciniis lateralibus inferioribus mi- 
noribus convolutis ab intermedia minus profunde par- 
titis. Gawler. 

GLADIOLUS bicolor. Thunh. Dijf. 16. t. 2. /. 1. prod. 8. 
Jacq. Coll. Sup. 25. ic. rar. 2. /. 240. J lor/. Kezv. add. 
481. mild. Sp. PL 1. 21 6. 

GLADIOLUS latifolius floribus claufis obfoletis ad caulem 
villofis. Breyn. prod. fl. rar. p. 2. p. 21. /. 8. f. 2. 

GLADIOLUS villofus. Burm. prod. fl. cap. 2. 

Many of our readers will doubtlefs be furprifed to Tee this 
plant ranked under Ixia, where indeed, as the efTential cha- 
racter has hitherto flood, it can claim no admiffion ; but, 
while grand/flora and its relatives are fuffered to remain, this 
cannot be excluded without giving a fhock to natural affinity, 
as violent to that as ufelefs to artificial fyftem, for fo com- 
pletely do this and Ixia grandiflora of the laft number agree 
in habit, in capfule, in feed, and in fpathe, that before the 
corolla is expanded, or after it is wafted away, they cannot be 
diftingui/hed from each other. From the irregularity of its 
corolla alone it has been univerfally confidered to be a Gla- 
diolus, from which genus it is however entirely excluded by 
^e corrected efTential character, as given by Mr. Gawlsr 
[vid. 53 8 ). As this agrees with Ixja grandiflora, Imlbifera, 
& c - io does Gladiolus fecurigera of the Bot. Mag. with 


Ixia crocaia and its relatives, and differs nearly in the fame 
manner, and both rauft belong to genera, of the effential 
character of which the regularity or irregularity of the corolla 
can form no part. Mr. Curtis appears to have been fenfible 
of the natural affinity of thefe plants, and under this impreffiort 
had marked the drawing of Ixia bulbifera^ given this month, 
Gladiolu sfulpbureus, and noted it as one of thofe fpecies 
which it is. difficult to determine whether it belongs to that 
genus or to Ixia. When fuch men as he are at a lofs to 
arrange the fpecies under the genera as now conftituted, it 
fhews the neceffity of a reform*. 

For an opportunity of prefenting our readers with a figure 
of this very rare fpecies, we are indebted to Edward Wood- 
jord, Efq. of Vauxhall, from whole rich mine our work is 
adorned with many a gem. 

It is omitted by Gmelin, in Syft. Nat. and by Martyn, 
in Mill, Dift. Was introduced to the Kew Garden by Mr. 
Masson, in 1786. Flowers in March. Scentlefs. May it 
be a hybrid plant ? 

* Convinced of thefe imperfections in the prefent arrangement, 
Mr. Gawler has been led to propofe the forming a new genus, under 
the name of Sparaxis {at»%cthz laceratio) but fenfible that " in fo 
*' natural an order of plants, nothing is more difficult than to find 
*.' generic characters that mall be liable and not fet afide by every new 
*' fpecies that comes in our way t:" he does not venture further at 
prefent than to propofe, leaving the rejection or adoption of it to the 
future determination of the Botanical world. 


Ess. Char. Spatha Jcariofo- membra nacea ante dejlorefcentiam lacera. 
Cor. 6-partita bafi infundibulif or mi-tub ulo fa. Stigm. 3 recurvo-paientia. 
Capf. Jubrotunda. Sem. plurima rotunda. Gawler. 

Obs. Radix tuber Jibrofo-tunicatum. Caulis fapijjime ex axilhs 
Jblwrum bulbifera. Folia 6 — 10, enfiformia fubtiliter multijlriata glabra. 
Rackis Jlexuofa. Flores pauci remoti. Genitalia ere8a lattraiia vel etiam 
adfcendentia. Tubus Jpatham fubaquans : Ihnbus regularis vel bilabiato- 
irregularis patentiffimus vel angulatus. Ixia pendula ; elata, /pica e/ongata, 
multiflora, di/licha, ramis gaudet capillaribus rigidis plurimis penduhs. G- 

Under this genus will rank, 

Ixia fragrans, Wiild. IxiA bulbifera, W\V?d. Sc Bot. Mag. [Ixia 
grandiflora, Bot. Mag. Ixia lacera, Herb. Linn. SisyrinchiuM 
majus latifolium, Comm. Hort. fpecies fi diftinc~hel. Ixia tricolor, 
Bot. Mag. Ixia bicolor, Bot. Mag. Ixia pendula, Willd. ? 

1" Smith icon. pifi. 


In which the Latin Names of the 
Plants contained in the Fifteenth 
Volume are alphabetically ar- 


513 Aloe variegata. 

525 Antirrhinum triornithophorum. 

544 Arctotis anthemoides. 
534 Ariftolochia Sipho. 

530 Atragene alpina, war. auftriaca. 
5 1 2 Campanula pumila. 

511 Chironia linoides. 

508 Chryfanthemum tricolor, 
510 Convallaria bifolia. 

526 Cornus florida. 

505 Dianella caerulea. 

543 Epidendrum cucullatum, 

532 Ferraria Tigridia. 

538 Gladiolus undulatus, 

531 Iris tuberofa, 
548 Ixia bicolor. 

545 Ixia bulbifera, 

539 Ixia conica. 

523 Ixia fiftulofa. 
Ixia grandiflora, 
Ixia patens. 

Ixia fcillaris, <v ar. latifolia, 
Lavatera thuringiaca. 

jig Lilium philadeiphicum. 

515 Lithofpermum orientale. 
514 Lobelia bicolor. 

529 Melaftoma malabathrica. 

540 Mefembryanthemum pomeridia- 


546 Monarda didyma. 

520 Morzea fpiralis. 

521 Orobus vernus. 

547 Pelargonium quinatum. 

524 Pelargonium pulchellum. 
518 Pelargonium tomentofum. 
528 Phlox ovata. 

507 Sempervivum globiferum. 

509 Sophora auftrahs, 

516 Sparmannia africana. 

506 Stapelia lentiginofa. 
536 Stapelia Aftenas. 
535 Viola palmata. 

533 Watfonia aletroides. 
53 1 Watfonia rofeo-alba. 

527 Zinnia elegans. 



54 2 


In which the Englifii Names of 
the Plants contained in the 
Fifteenth Volume are alphabetic 
cally arranged. 


513 Aloe, partridge -breaft. 

544 Arttotis, chamomile. 

534 Birthwort, broad-leav'd, 
512 Campanula, dwarf. 

511 Chironia, flax-leav'd. 

508 Chryfanthemum, three-coloured, 

526 Cornel, great-flowered. 

547 Crane's-Bill, five-fingered. 

524 Crane's-Bill, nonefuch. 

518 Crane's-Bill, penny-roya! f 

505 Dianella, blue. 

543 Epidendrum, hooded. 

532 Ferraria, mexican. 

540 Fig-marigold, great yellow, 


538 Gladiolus, waved-flowered. 

515 Gromwell, yellow.. 
507 Houfe-leek, globular. 
531 Iris, fhake's-head. 

522 Ixia, crimfon. 

523 Ixia, hollow-leav'd. 

539 Ixia, orange-coloured. 

548 Ixia, ringent. 

542 Ixia, fquill -flowered 

545 Ixia, fulphur-coloured. 

541 Ixia, velvet-flowered. 
517 Lavatera, great- flowered, 

519 Lily, philadelphian. 

514 Lobelia, fpotted. 

529 Melaftoma, cinnamon-leav'd. 

546 Monarda, fcarlet- flowered. 

520 Moraea, fpiral-flowered. 

521 Orobus, early-flowering. 
528 Phlox, ovate-lcav'd. 

516 Sparmannia, african. 

525 Snap-dragon, three-bird-bearing, 
510 Solomon's-feal, lealt. 

509 Sophora, blue. 

506 Stapelia, freckled. 

536 Stapelia, ftar-fifh. 

535 Violet, palmated. 

530 Virgin's-bower, auftrian 

533 Watfonia, aletris-like 

537 Watfonia, long-tubed. 

527 Zinnia, violet-coloured. 

London: Printed by STfcPIILX COUCIIMAX, Thro-morton-Strcct. 


Botanical Magazine,- 

o R, 

Flower- Garden Difplayed : 


The moft Ornamental Foreign Plants, cultivated in the 
Open Ground, the Green-Houfe, and the Stove, are 
accurately reprefented in their natural Colours. 


Their Names, Clafs, Order, Generic and Specific Chafers, according 

to the celebrated LltiHMQS; their Places of Growth, 

and Times of Flowering; 




Intended for the Ufe of foch Ladies, Gentlemen, and Gardeners, as 
wi(h to become fcientifically acquainted with the Plants they cultivate. 



Fellow of the Linnean Society. 

Quelque elegante, quelque admirable, qiielque diverfeque foit la flru&ure des Vcgetaux, 
'e iie frappe pas alfez un oeil ignorant pour 1'interefTer. Cetteconttantc analogic, et pour- 
ft nt Cc . Ue v »nete prodigicui'c, qui regne dans leur orgunifation, ne transport que ceux qui 
j nt dc J a quelque idee du fyftcme vegetal. Lts autres n'ont a l'afpc& de tous ces treTors de 
^" ature i q'ime admiration ftupide et monotone, lis ne voient ri«jn en detail, parcequ'ils 
■ ( *» v «nt pas mcrae ce qu'il faut regarder. et ils DC voient pas nou plus l'enfemble, parce 
M "* o'ont aucune idee de cette chains de iannorts et de coinbinaiions qui accable de ks 



Printed by Stephen Couchman, Throgmorton-Street. 

Slimed by T. CURTIS, N°3, St.George's-Crefcent, Black-Friars-Road; 

And Sold by the principal Bookfellers ia Great-Britain and Ireland. 



//■, '/// 

, , / z; / ' /, Y- 

C 549 ] 
Ixia Maculata, var. Viridis (y). Green- 
Stained IxiA. 

Clajs and Order, 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Spatha bivalvis. Cor. bafi tubulofa tubus gracilis, limbus (J-^rhk 
rcgularis (rarijime Jubirregularis) fubaequalis patens. Filam. 
limbo pluries breviora erecto-patentia, vel coar&ato-erecla. 
Stigm. 3, patentia. Scmina numerofa, globofa. Gaw/er. 

Obs, Corolla regular 1 's quoad figuram et fit urn partium quoad magnitu- 
dinem mo do (Jed rarijfimc) Jubirregularis. G. 

Specific Char abler and Synonyms. 

IXIA maculata tubo capillari, limbo ex campanulato paten- 

tiflimobafi maculato, laciniisoblongiufculis, fiigmatibus 

ufqiie tubum divifis infra antheras recurvatis. G. 
IX I A maculata. Murr. Syfi. 85. Thunb. DiJf. 19. prod. 10. 

Burm. cap. 1. Schneev. & Geunf. 25. /. 6. J acq. 

Hort. Schocnb. v. 1. perplurim<e varictates. IVilld. Sp. 

PL 1. 205. 
IXIA fpe&abilis (var. h<ec.) Ixia amasna. Salijb. prod. hort. 

P' 33» 35- »• iOi *2. Mart. Mill. Dicl. 
IXIM. Bot. Rep. tab. 23, 2g, 159, 196. Ejnjque RecenJ. 

IxiAamaena, maculata 2, 5. 2, 6. 
IXIA abbreviata; floribusracemofispiftillobreviflimo. Houtt. 

Linn. pjl. SyJl. 11. 48. tab. 78. Nat. HiJl. p. 2. Jell. 

la. p. 41. 
IXIA maculata cor. viridi fpicis faepe pedalibus. Thunb. Difl. 

he. cit. Travels, Engl. ed. v. 2. p. 34- var - hac * if * 

Schneev. 6. J acq. loc. cit. 33. Bot. Rep. 29. 

Descr. Bulb round, comprefled. Leaves end form and enfiformly- 
nnear, nearly equalling or three times fhorter than the fcapc, which is 


from a foot to four feet high, hranched or fimple, with from fix to thirty 
flowers in a fpike, Spathie membranous, three times lhorter or nearly 
equalling the tube on the fame plant, outer valve acute and entire, or 
blunt and toothed. Tube capillary, one to three times fhorter than the 
limb, which is from campanulate patent. Segments oblong, more or 
lefs inclined to oval or Lmcealate, inner ones narrower and more acute. 
Filaments from upright patent, (hotter than the anthers, which are 
linear, with a fubfagittate bale. Scentlefi. 

Found by Thumb erg flowering in Oclober by the fides 
of rivers a::d brooks in the Roode Zand Valley, many days 
journey from Cape-Town. Had we feen none but the large 
fub- variety (if we may fo call it) common in our gardens, we 
might poffibly have been led to have confidered our plant as 
a feparate fpecies ; but during the infpeEtion of fome hundreos 
of fpontaneous and garden fpecimens, we have feen it in all 
the phafes ufual to this changeable fpecies ; as alfo without the 
ftain, which, as ereffa differs only from maculata by the large 
ftain at the bafe, mud be referred to the former. It propa- 
gates freely both by feeds and offsets, is not very tender, 
never expands but in clear weather and when protected from 
the wind. Preserves its beauty if carefully dried. 

Although the eflential charaQer of Ixia, as above given, 
confiderably reduces the heterogeneous mafs that has hitherto 
incumbered this genus, as will be feen by the following 
fynoptic view of the fpecies which will rank under it, we ftiJJ 
fufpea that fome of the feBions muft be hereafter feparated 
into diftinft genera, before a completely determinate effential 
character is formed. Undefcribed fpecies, which are numer- 
ous in our gardens, are not inferted. Thofe for which no 
authority is cited, areas they Hand in Willdenow's edition 
of the Species Plantarum, 


.i Se8. i. Antheris brevitfimis conniventibus i fu'gmatibus tn* 
fundibulijormibus y hianlibus. 

Ixia fcHIaris ». /3. (fpeciefne diftinQs ?) 

Scft. 2. Um'-bi flora ; Umbo fubglobofo-catnpanulato, tid°J er 
nulla : b'ulbo carnofo tunica tenui vejlito. 

lxi a crateroides, Bot. Repot, t. 18S. 

Sea 3- 

Sect. 3. Rachide in wuUtfioris flc'xuofa flexuhis de fiorc in 
florem valde arcuatis ; valvula exteriore Jpath<e inlegertima obtufa 
lufcim brevem fubaquante vel longiore ; floribus ex ortu fecundis 
pijiillo jLimina jd'pius juperanie • buibo oblongo-ovaio tunica, 
nigra putaminca margine dentato-fijja veflito, in annofis tunicis 
plurimis baft imbricatis. 

Ixia cil iaris, Safijh. inedit. — I x r a hi rta. — I x r a rochenfis 
(fecunda de la Roche). — Ixia fecnnda. — Ixia ramofa (fcillaris 
Tbunberg). — Ixia obtufata, Herb. Banks. — Ixia fetacea, 

Seft. 4. Spica compoftta ex floribus jejfilibus fpiculifque 
1 — ifloris alter nis capiilaribus ; bulbo ovato tunica fibrofa. 

Ixia capillaris (ere&a J acq. collet!, nee Hort. Scboenl.). — 
Ixia lancea, J acq. ic. rar. et coll. nee Tbunberg. — Ixia au- 
lica, — Mera varietates f 

Sect. 5. Floribus paucis ranaiis ; antheris inflexis ? 
Ixia crifpa. 

Anne cum Gladiolo crifpo, Gladiolo ftriato, Gladiolo pec- 
tmato, Herb. Bank/, novum fundaturum genus ? 

Seel:. 6. Stigmatibus hirtis revolutis ,• bulbo tunica lucida 
putaminea fuperne dentata (valvuloidee Julcata f) 

Ixia excifa. 

Sect. 7. Floribus interdiu claufis vejpere expandentibus per 
totam noflem vigilantibus ; jligmatibus longioribus, capi'.lari- 
&us, I axis, effufis os tubi njque vel ultra ; bulbo campaniformi 
bafi truncato-plano, in annojis tunicis plurimis nigris deorfum 
imbricatis veftito. 

Ixia falcata, — Ixia cinnamomea. — Ixia radiata (Gladio- 
lus recurvus, Thunb. et Suppl. nee vero Linn.). — Ixia angufta. 
"--Ixia pilofa. 

Se6l. 8. Flore magno-folitario ; tubo brevi fpath<c <equali ; 
lacmiis limbi obovatis ,- pijiillo jlamimbns longiore. 

Ixia anemonaeflora. 

Sect. 9, 

Se£l. 9. Tubo gracillimo fpatha fait em duplo Iongiore j limli 
laciniis patenttjjimis, oblongis, laneeolato-ovalibus, al terms pauluh 
angujlioribus acuhoribus ; bulbo fuperne coniprejfo^ tunica lenti 
fibrofa vejlito. 

Ixia patens (leucantha v. alba). — Ixia flexuofa. — Ixia 
conica, Bot. Mag. — Ixia ere&a. — Ixia maculata. — Ixiaco- 
lumellaris, indefcr. — Ixia incarnata. 

Seft. 10. Cor. hypocrateriformi ; iubo limbo pluries hngiore ; 
laciniis Jubtequalibus vel unico fere duplo majore ; ftaminibus ]&- 
pius accumbentibus ; bulbo jibras exferenie bulbillos vel tiibcra 
apicibus gerentes. Genufne difiinftum t 

Ixia longiflora. — Gladiolus rofeus (HouTTYNiAcapen- 
fis, Houtt.). 

N. B. Ixi,e ariftatae et linearis, Jpecimina viva vel ficcata 
fatis integra nondum vidL Defcriptiones nimis manc<£% 

Sparaxidis genus (vide 548) excluditur. 

Errata in laft Number, 

In 546, 1. antipenult, for this fpecies having, &c. read from the juxta-po 
tion or twin-like appearance of the anthers in this fpecies. 

I n 54^» note, 1. 16, for angulatus read anguftatus. 

C 55° ] 
Samyda Rosea. Rose-Coloured Samyda. 

Clafs and Order. 


Generic CbaracJer. 

Cat. 5-partitus coloratus. Cor. o. Necl. campanulatum fta- 
miniferum. Cap/, intus baccata, 4-valvis, 1-locularis. Sem. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

SAMYDA rofea : floribus dodecandris aggregatis, foliis ob- 
longis obtufiflimis fubferratis utrinque pubefcen- 

SAMYDA Jerrulaia. Bot. Repof. pi. 202. 

GUIDONIA ulmifolio flore rofeo. Plum. Gen. 4. ? 

This beautiful flowering fhrub is a native of the Well- 
Indies, and confequently requires the heat of the bark ftove 
to bring it to any perfection in this country, where it is very 
ornamental, producing its fine red flowers in abundance along 
the flexile pendent branches. 

It is certainly a very diftin£t fpecies from the Samyda 
ferrulata defcribed and figured by Jacquin, in the fecond 
volume of his Colle&anea, which has acute leaves finely ier- 
rated, and folitary flowers different in fhape as well as colour. 
It was fent to this country by Dr. Anderson, from the 
Botanic Garden at St. Vincent's, and has been fome years in 
the very fine collection of rare exotics poffeffed by Mr. Evans, 
at Crombie-Row, Stepney, where our drawing was taken. 

By Dr. Anderson it was called Samyda pubefcens, a plant 
apparently unknown to Botanifts of our day, and as the iy- 
nonyms quoted by Linnaus (which certainly have no affinity 
with this) are referred to other plants by Profeffor Swartz; 
we were inclined to fuppofe that he might be right, bu 
Dr. J. E. Smith having kindly examined the Linnean Her- 
barium, informs us, that there is no fpecimen fimilar to 011 
drawing there, and, from a critical examination of the wno 
genus, is inclined to believe that it is the Guidonia « 
folio flore rofeo of Plumier, which Linnaeus appears to hav 
confounded with the Guidonia ulmi folio flore mvco 01 
fame author, his Samyda ferrulata. 


t~*M, 1 1 

C 55* ] 

Campanula Azurea. Azure Campanula, 

Clafs and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Charafler. 
Cor. campanulata, fundo claufo valvis fbminiferis. Stignu 
3-fidum. Cap/, infera poris lateralibus dehifcens. 

Specific Charatler. 
CAMPANULA azurea; foliis ovato-oblongis feflilibus fer- 
ratis [utrinque pilofis] caule fimplici angu- 
lato floribus paniculatis. Banks Mjf. 

Descr. Stalk erecl, fimple, quadrangular, with raifed fub- 
cartilagineous angles. Radical leaves few, petiolated, cordate- 
ovate, ferrated, fomewhat hairy underneath, hairs few, thinly 
fcattered, more about the margin than elfe where. Cauline 
leaves alternate, feffile, oblong-ovate, acute, ferrate, thinly 
haired. Peduncles panicled, long, filiform alternate, axillary, 
and once or twice divided ; pedicels nodding with linear bractes. 
Calyx pentagonal. Segments fubulate-filiform, more than halt 
the length of the corolla. Segments of the corolla femiovate, 

We found confiderable difficulty in determining this fpecies, 
till we fortunately found in the Bankfian Herbarium a fp ecl " 
men in every refpecl correfponding with the one from which, 
our drawing was made, by which we found that it had been 
regarded by the late Dr. Solan der as a nondefcript fpecies, 
and had been named by him Campanula azurea, and dil- 
tinguifhed by the fpecific chara6ter above given. In both 
fpecimens the leaves are fmooth on the upper fide, and have 
very thinly fcattered hairs on the under fide ; on which ac- 
count we have enclofed the words utrinque pilofis between 
crotchets. In many refpefts it refembles lilifolia, but differs 
in its angular ftalk, in the length of its calyx, and, as we be- 
lieve, has very diffimilar roots. Was fent with other plants 
from Switzerland to Mr. Swainson, by whom it was com- 
municated to Mr. Salisbury at the Botanic Garden, Brompton, 
where our drawing was made laft. The fpecimen in the Her- 
barium flowered in the Botanic Garden at Chelfea in 177 » 
and is marked as a native of Switzerland. It is a hardy per- 
ennial, and, as an ornamental flower, worthy of culture. 


#1 ♦ S £. t^C^i^VSr*^^' 

C 552 ] 

Nymph^ea Cerulea. Blue Water-Lily, 

«.'.«. \'» «J» «!» £ ^i♦,.^ , <•> , ' jle. jlt_A. "fe.«.'« .>'«.«5e..ile.,4s.i'«. 5S&. 
TjT v,«t ( c »jr v ( \ v,» *jr*(? /j* *>?'?' 'P 'i* 'j* «fl» v *r 1* *r 

Clafs and Order. 


Generic Character. 
Cor. polypetala. Cal. 4 — 5-phyllus. Bacca multilocularis, 
loculis polyipermis. 

Specific Chara&er and Synonyms. 
NYMPH jEA cterulea-, foliis peltatis inferne bilobis obtufe 

dentato-finuatis utrinque glabris. Dryand. tnedit. 
NYMPH^EA cxrulea. Bot. Repof. 197. 

* A native of the Cape of Good Hope. Calyx four-leaved. 
" Petals twenty in three ranks. Stigmas twenty. I do not 
«* know if the blue- flowered Eau-India one be the fame; 
" the leaves feem to be entire, and the flowers fmaller Wiw 
*' acute petals. — N. B. I have fmce had it with entire leaves. 
Dryand. Mff. 

We are proud to have it in our power to offer any thing not 
before communicated from fuch a fource as Dr. Drya nd£R ' 
The (ketches of a mailer's hand are of more value than 
the finiflied labours of other men. The leaves are truly pel- 
tate, though divided to within half an inch of the footftajK 
into two lobes, which terminate in a curved point a little 01- 
t varicate, fo as to give it a fomewhat fagittate appearance. 
In this form of the lobes it differs from Nymph tea lotus* as 
well as that in the latter the margin of the leaf is acute y 
dentated and tomentofe on the under fide. But there are pro- 
bably feveral fpecics as yet undefcribed. This is certainly one 
of the moft beautiful of aquatic plants, and appears to be 
more eafily cultivated than moft of them, flowering readuyi 
and continuing to bloffom through great part of the Summer. 
It has the additional recommendation of being very fragran • 
Is ufually kept in the ftove planted in a pot of loamy eart , 
and immerfed under water in the ciftern, but would P erna P 
fucceed as well in a good greenhoufe. Our drawing was ma 
from a fpecimen that flowered laft May in the collection 
the Right Hon. Charles Greville, at Paddington, and 
to be met with in feveral collections in the neigh bourhooa 
the metropolis. 


irtis. S. 




C 553 3 

Watsonia Plantaginea. Small- 
Flowered Watsonia. 

J{«. >*• is***'., y;. .«': A. Aj!tj!t.*VL.jJt.4t.Jk'4. *!&.»!» «8» «5» &, 
*r V ^' "i* '(* II* *i* 'i* 1*^ v V '»» '}» 'i> >f^ >,■»"<,< <jf v,v" 

Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character, 
Vide No. 537. 

Obs. ulter. Subinde vivipara. Caulis rarijfimt anceps. 
Stamina Japius adfeendentia aniheris parallelis (tequa fronte di- 
gefiis) in nonnullis vero ereSia jlylum Jupra trifariam fiipantibus 
his quoque foliorum margines cartilaginei, faux brevior turbinato- 
conlracla> Jemina vix alata, nee inde genere eliminandis t ceteris 
prorfus confentaneis. Bulbus intra tunicam geminos confimiles % 
unicum e feapo pertranfeunte dififfum Jimulantes, quotannis enititur, 
hifque jam ^adoletis per it. Radicationis habitum in Ixia et Gla- 
dioto, ab eodem in Watfonia aliquantulum difcrepantem t alibi pro- 
fcremus. Gawler. 

Specific Char after and Synonyms. 
WATSONIA plantaginea ; foliis lineari-enfiformibus ftri&is 

infimo falcato, compreffb - fiftulofo : caeteris 

plano-folidis, caule alato-ancipiti, fpica dif- 

ticha fubamentiformi, limbo aequali campa- 

nulato-patente. G. 
IXIA plantaginea. Hort. Kew. 159. Willi. Sp. PL 1. 200. 
IXIA triticea. Burm. prod. fl. cap. 1. 
GLADIOLUS alopecuroides. Ihunb. Dif. 14. proi. 8. Sp. 

PL 54. Am<en. Acad. 4. 301. Syjl. Veg. Murr, 

86. Gmel. Syjl. Nat. 111. 
PHALANGIUM fpicatum." Linn. Pfi. Syjl. 11 p. 129. /. 8. 

/. 2. 
PLANTA aethiopica, alato caule fru&um capfularem grani 
tritici aemulum in longa fpadicea proferens. 
Pluk. Am. 173. /. 439. /. 3. 

Descr. Scape ancipital, 1—2 feet high. Leaves three, 

alternate, enfiform, fomewhat falcate acute, lower one com- 

Preffedly fiftulofe, chambered, upper ones folid, flat, ftiffifh, 

far-meathing, and beyond the fheaths fhorter than the 

6 7 loweft. 

loweft. Rachis flexuofe, when ftripped of its flowers, like 
that of wheat. Spike (fometimes two, the lower confluently 
adprefled) linear, diftich with from fifty to one hundred clofely 
imbricated fmall flowers, blueifh with a tinge of purple at the 
tips of the inner fegments. Outer valve of fpathe ovate, with 
a broad pellucid membranous edge, fhorter than the faux, 
which is compreffed and (lightly recurved. Limb bell-fhaped 
(in the upper flowers fometimes fubbilabiately arranged) feg- 
ments equal, narrowly oval-lanceolate, alternate ones interior, 
Stamens adfeendent parallel nearly the length of the piftil. 
Anthers incumbent, dark blue with a fagittate bafe. Said to 
vary with white flowers. Scentlefs. Like Watson i a fpicata, 
fometimes produces fmall oblong bulbs, l — 3, in each fpathe 
inftead of flowers, thefe germinate when fallen off. 

Found byTHUNBERG near the town, at Swellendam, in 
Carro, and fometimes in the high-roads. Our figure was 
taken from a plant received fome time fmce from the Cape, 
with many others, by Meffrs. Grimwood and Wvkes, at 
Kenfington. Introduced into the royal gardens at Kew in 
1774, by Mr. Masson. This is the fmalleft of the tribe yet 
known. We have feen Watson i a aletroides with as many 
flowers, as clofely imbricate, and permanently diftich. 

No. 523. alter as follows : 

Watsonia Spicata. Hollow-Leaved Watsonia. 

WATSONIA^/>/Ytfta/ foliis linearibus teretibus : imo bre- 
viore verticali molliter mucronulato, fpi ca 
difticha fubamentiformi, limbo aequali cam- 
panulato-patente. G. 

IXIA fpicata. Soland. Herb. Bank/. Willd. Sp. PL I. 200. 

IXIA alopecuroidea. Linn. Suppl. 92. 

GLADIOLUS fpicatus. Roy. Lugdb. 19. Sp. PL 53. Wunk 
Diff. 13. Prod. 8. Syji. Veget. Murr. 86. Syf. 
Nat. GmeL 111. 

GLADIOLUS fiftulofus. Jacq. Hort. Schoenb. v. 1. tab. 6. 

GLADIOLUS tubulofus, foliis cylindraceis, nervofis, gla- 
berrimis, florum ("pica difticha. Burm. Pw& 
fl. cap. 2. 

GLADIOLUS. Herb. Hermann, (ex quo Linnaeus pram 7,cy- 
lanicam confecit) apud Biblioth. Bank/, vol. 4' 
pag. 21. inter plant as Zeylanicas agglutinatus, 
Limuei manu fubferiptus. — G ladiolus fp ica ~ 
ins. Herb. Linn. 8. eji Gladiolus commu- 
nis. G. 

Spathe 2-valved, ftigmas bifid, leaves 4. Hem fimple. 

C 554 ] 

Massonia Ensifolia. Trumpet-Flowered 

C/tf/} awi Order. 
Hexaxdria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. infera limbo fexpartito. Filamenta collo tubi impofita. 
Cap/. 3-alata, 3-locularis polyfperma. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms, 

MASSONIA enfifolia i braQeis pedicellis brevioribus, corollas 
laciniis revoluto-patentibus tubo pluries brevi- 
oribus, filamentis feflilibus capillaribus : alternis 
longioribus, foliis lanceolatis. Gawler. 

MAUHLIA enfifolia. Thunb. nov. gen. 111. Nov. gen. char. ejf. 
apud Prodrom. iterum, p. 60. t. 1. 

AGAPANTHUS enfifolius. Wtlld. Sp. PL 2. 48. 

POLYANTHES pygmaza. Jacq. ic. rar. 2. /. 380. Collecl. 
Jupp. 56. IVilld. Sp. PL 2. 165. itentm ! 

MASSONIA violacea. Bot. Repof. tab. 46. Ejufque recenf 
Agapanthus enfifolius. 

Desc. Bulb tunicated. Leaves two, oppofite, from two to 
four inches long, lanceolate, contracted at the bafe into a fort 
°f petiole, firm, fmooth, mining underneath with a fubtle cartila- 
ginous acute-crenulate margin, fcarcely vifible to the naked eye. 
Scape central from the bofom of the leaves, round, but (lightly 
fulcate-angulate from the decurrent bra&es, whitifh, from two 
to three inches long. Pedicels fcarcely half an inch long, fili- 
form, whitifh. BraBes ovate-fubulate, fubdecurrent, whitifh, 
°ne at the bafe of eacb pedicel, than which it is fhorter by 
naif. Flozvers in a compaft corymb, rarely lengthened out 
into a lax thyrfe. Cor. fubperfiftent, narrow-tubed, club- 
inaped when not expanded, from one inch to an inch and half 
long, pale violet coloured, very mining. Tube nearly ftraighr, 
fomewhat recurved, feveral times longer than the limb, with a 
honey-bearing bafe. Segments of the limb equal, rather ob- 
l° n g, acute, revolute-patent. Filaments feflile (i. e. inferted 


immediately into the mouth oF the tube, not upon a raifed 
neck of the tube, as in Tome fpecies of Massonia) capillary, 
not dilated at the bafe, the alternate ones longer (asinHYA- 
cinthus corymbofiis) nearly equalling the limb. Anthers very 
fmall roundiuVoval. Germ upper, oolong, fulcate. Style erect, 
fubulate-filiform, nearly equalling the corolla. Stigma fimple 
(covered with (talked glands, according to Jacquin, perhaps 
as in Scilla nmi-fcripta?). Qjpfule (carious, ovate, acutifli, 
three-cornered with compreffed-acu'te dehifcent angles, three- 
celled, three-valved with ovate valves longer than the braftes. — 
Jacquin fays it is fragrant, which we have never obferved. — 
it was found at the Cape, by Thunberg, in a diitri6t between 
Soendag and Vifch Rivers, flowering about December. 
•*-'• ■ . „„„ 

Massonia is very nearly allied to Hyacinthus, particu- 
larly to the Cape fpecies, and had we followed our own ideas 
of natural affinity, we mould have rather placed this fpecies 
under the latter genus: in doing as we have, we merely yield 
to the effential characters as they at prefent ftand. Perhaps it 
■will be hereafter found unneceffary to feparate thefe genera 
at all, or,- if they are diftinguifhed, a confiderable transfer of 
the fpecies muft be made. Jussieu has hinted, that it would 
be more natural to take the character of Hyacinthus from 
the corolla than from the germ. For not continuing it as a 
congener of Agapanthus umbellatus or of Polyanthes 
tuberfa, we believe no apology is neceffary ; but to fuch as 
think differently, or that it is a diftinct genus, we offer the 
above defcription from Mr. Gawler, as its natural character. 
En ft folia is a very bad name, but better than a new one.— 
Thunberc's figure was certainly taken from a dried fpecimen, 
and in the Bankfian Herbarium is one, fo precifely refembiing 
it, as to induce a fufpicion that it is the very one from which 
bis drawing was made. The fame collection contains a very 
clofely allied fpecies, under the name of Massonia uniform 
with a larger flower and a lingua narrow linear leaf. 

With us it flowers in October or November ; requires the 
fame treatment as other Cape bulbs, but the roots mould not 
be taken up, prefervation from wet in their inactive ftate being 
fufficient. The Rev. Mr. Bale informs us, that with him u 
produces abundance of offsets, while others complain of ^ 
flow propagation in this way ; it produces feed however WifP 
all. Was introduced by Mr. Williams, Nurferyman at 
Turnham-Green, who raifed it from Cape feeds, together with 
a very pretty purple variety, about the year 1791* ® uT 
drawing was made at Edward Woodford's, Efq. kft ^°* 

[ 555 ] 
Zinnia Tenuiflora. Slender-Flowered 


»»»»»♦»»»*»***♦»«& ♦ 

Clafs and Order. 
Syngenesia Polygamia Superflua. 

Generic Character. 

Recept. paleaceum. Pappus ariftis 2 ereclis. Cat, ovato- 
eylindricus, imbricatus. Flofculi radii pauci perfiftentes, m- 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

ZINNIA tenuiflora; floribus pedunculatis: radio lineari re- 
voluto-patenti fcabro, feminibus difci uni-ariftatis. 

ZINNIA tenuiflora; foliis feflilibus ; floribus pedunculatis, 
feminibus hermaphroditarum hinc donatis anita 
longiflirna, illinc gemino mucrone breviflimo. Jacq- 
CollecJ. 5. p. 159. Icon. torn. 3. 590. 

This lively annual, which grows to the height of two ° r 
three feet and divides into feveral branches, is mod probably 
a native of South- America. It was, we believe, firit raifed in 
this country, in the garden of Edward Woodford, Efq. a J 
Vauxhall, from feed fent to him by Monf. Thou in, national 
Gardener in Paris. Should be fown in the Spring upon a 
common hot-bed, with balfams and other tender annuals, and 
planted out into the open border the latter-end of May, where 
it will continue to bloffom for fome months and produce ripe 
feeds in favourable weather. 

It has been well figured by Jacquin, in his Icones plants 
rum rariorum, and defcribed in his collectanea; to which de- 
fcription we have nothing to add, but that the florets of the 
radius, in the fpecimens we have feen, are fharp-pointed, very 
rough to the touch, and of a lively pale green colour under- 
neath, not a dingy white, as he defcribes them. 


ZZ£*arcL del Tul by W Cttn 


C 55s ] 

Gladiolus Versicolor, var. Tenuior (y). 
Small Changeable Corn-Flag. 

Clqfs and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 
Vide No. 538. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

GLADIOLUS verficolor; foliis enfiformi-linearibus utrinque 
tricoftatis, valvula fpathas extima faucem ex 
fuperante, laciniis extimis ellipticis : latera- 
libus inferioribus anguftioribus unguiculatis. 

(«J MAJOR foliis lineari-enfiformibus, coftis laminato-elevatis, 
faciebus laterum paginulatis fulcato-planis, val- 
vula extima cufpidata fpirali-convoluta co-r 
rolla adequata. G. — Noclu odorus. 

GLADIOLUS verficolor. Bot. Rep, tab. 19. ejus Recenf. n. 12. 

(p) INtEQUALIS; foliis trinerviis firiatis ultra vaginam bre- 
vioribus : lateribus non' paginatis, laciniis fu-» 
premis brevioribus : intermedia breviffima: 
infima reliquis longiore. G. 

GLADIOLUS floribus e fpadiceo et flavo variegatis, fuprema 
lacinia breviffima. Breyn. prod. pi. afr. p. 2. 
p. 20. /. 7. /. 1. 

GLADIOLUS triftis minor. Soland. for. cap. ined. et Herb. 

( Bank/. " < 

[yj TENUIOR ; foliis antecedentis, laciniis externis ellipticis 
longioribus, obtufulis emarginatis apice con- 
volutis undulatis, laciniis imis macula infbrmi 
notatis. G. — Interdiu odorus. 

GLADIOLUS triftis (x) odorus. Thunb. Dif. de Glad. 8. 

WLONGIFOLIUS ; corollis minoribus fubviolaceis punHa- 
tis, folio exteriore varietatis (a) pluries vero 
anguftiore fcapoque longiore. G. 

GLADIOLUS triftis prioris var. Jaca. ic. rar. v. 2. /. 245. 
Coll. 4. p. 458. 

Obs. Folia in (a) omnino Gladioli Watfonii, retro 450. edit. G. 

This feems to be the intermediate fpecies of Gladiolus 
tr$('s and Gladiolus recurvus of Linn^us (the latter of 


which is Gladiolus carina t us of Hort. Kew. and punffatus of 
Tacquin) ; from the firft it differs in not having quadrangular 
leaves, from the laft in not having riblefs ones, from both in 
the proportionately longer outer valve, befides {lighter diftinc- 

The name of verficolor was probably given to variety (a) 
from a flight change perceptible in its colour after fun-let, 
proceeding from the difference of light : in our variety this 
is not at all obfervable. Our figure was taken from a 
plant at Meffrs. Grim wood and Wykes's, who are pretty 
certain they raifed it fome time ago from Cape feeds, but it 
never flowered till this year; perhaps when the bulb is ftronger 
and older it may approach nearer to var. («,) or may prove a 
permanent variety ; fcarcely a diftincl fpecies ? (x) frnells pre- 
cifely like the common red pink, but very powerfully fo, and 
only in the evening ; the prefent plant in the day-time, but 
we are at a lofs to fay what the fcent refembles, though very 
fragrant. IFhju-nberg (we prefume from his completing his 
defcriptions at his Herbarium, where the leaves of all the tall 
fingle-ftemmed ones, which are much of the fame breadth, are 
prelfed into nearly an uniform appearance) has collected fixteen 
varieties, under Gladiolus trijlis, moil of which we fliall 
be enabled to Chew to be perfectly diftinct fpecies, at leaft 
poffeffing fufficient fpecific diftinclion, the only rule we can go 
by where experience fails. 

Erratum in laji Number* 

Ix i x. Sjn. Sett. -j.—Jor effufis os tubi ufque vel ultra, read efFufis, OS tubi 
ufque vel ultra e*e*&«. e/Vv, >t 'i 

C 557 ] 
Trifolium Spadiceum. Bay-Coloured 


J?4 sU.JU..^' ..*''.&. S-" «>» «h 4. «I> A .A «1« 4r. 
•y 4 » ■SyTTfT /,» >,■» v,» *,v *,•» ^J~*i» *j» «i» «i» *S* *i» 

C/iz/} a«<f Order. 


Generic Characler. 

Flores fubcapitati. Legumen vix calyce longius, non dehifcens, 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

TRIFOLIUM fpadiceum s fpicis ovalibus imbricatis, vexillis 
deflexis perfiftentibus, calvcibus pilofis, caule 
ereQo. Sp. PL 1087. Ait. Hort. Kcw. v. 3. 
p. 90. 

TRIFOLIUM caule ere&o, fpicis flrepentibus ovatis. Halt, 
Helv. n. 365. 

TRIFOLIUM montanum lupulinum. B.inh. Pin. 328. Prod. 
140. Park. Theat. 1105. 

LUPULINUM montanum capitulis fpadiceis. Rupp. Jen. 207. 

LOTUS montanus aureus amplo lupuli capite, annuus. Bay'''. 
Plant. 812. Ic. 1024. 

A native of moft parts of Europe, but not of Great-Britain, 
Has been cultivated for fome years in the Botanic Garden at 
Brompton, where it has been the praftice to raife it under a 
frame, and then plant it out in the open border ; but molt 
probably would fucceed as well if fown with other hardy an- 
nuals in the places where it is intended to remain, being indi- 
genous as far north as Sweden. It is a pretty little plant, both 
from its delicate foliage and fine chefnut-brown fpikes crowned 
with golden-coloured flowers. How it came to be called in. 
the Hortus Kewenfis pale-jlowered, we are at a lofs to guels> 
except by an accidental error for bay-flow'ered. 

We obferve, as remarked by'LtNN^us, that the two upper 
teeth of the calyx are obfolete or entirely wanting. 




C 558 3 

Melanthium Junceum. Rush-Like 

£ ft! ?E frfr 4'tM i 4 ♦ ♦ #♦ ♦ 

C/#/> <z#i Order, 
Hexandria Trigynia. 

Generic Cbara&er, 
Cor, 6*petala. Filamenta ex elongatis unguibus corollse. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms, 

MELANTHIUM foliis fubulatis, radicali unica, fcapo ad 
fummitatem diphyllo, floribus fpicatis. Jac%, 
Icon. rar. 2. /. 451. Coll eel. Sup p. 105. 

MELANTHIUM junceum - foliis lineari-fubulatis : fuperio- 
ribus bafi dilatatis, fpica flexuofa, petali* 
unguiculatis. Willd. Spec. PL t. 2. p. 26$. 

PHALANGIUM. Houtt, Linn. pfi. Syji, t. 80. /. 3. 

MELANTHIUM triquetrum. Linn. Sup. 213. Thunk Prod, 

67. mud. sp. pi. 2. p. 26?. ? 

Desc. Bulb roundifh., Root-leaf folid at the bafe per- 
fectly round and fmooth, burfting at a fmall diftance from the 
ground for the exit of the fcape, from whence it becomes 
femicylindrical, attenuate, grooved on the innerfide. Scape 
round, one-leafed: leaf fiinilar to the root one but not 
grooved. Spike lateral, involucred, fhorter than the cauline 
leaf. Rachis fomewhat triangular with alternate feffile flowers. 
Corolla fix-petaled, three of them outer, ovate with a fhort 
grooved claw, whitifh with two dark crimfon fpots containing 
clear drops of honied liquid when the flower firft opens. Fi- 
l ments fix, a little longer than the claw, into the bafe of which 
they are inferted, patent but rifing up one at a time to 
•ifcharge the pollen over the ftyles, and then falling back to 


their former ftation. Anthers purple, with greenifh pollen. 
Germen obtufely three-cornered, three-celled, ftyles three. 
CapfuU the fame : feeds many, roundifh. 

The Melanthium junceum. at firit fight, has much the 
habit and appearance of an Ixia, but the molt fuperficiat 
examination immediately fhews it to belong, not only to a 
different clafs in the fexual fyflem, but alfo to a different na- 
tural order. Still, however, there is a real affinity, and it 
may be confidered in fome meafure as a connecting link be- 
tween the Irides and Junci of Jussieu ; for it is only to 
unite the claws of the petals into a tube and to join the ftyles 
at the bafe and take away half the ftamens and we have a 
complete flower of an Ixia, naked indeed, the Melanthium 
having only one fpathe or involucre to the fpike and none to 
the feparate flowers. 

From a careful examination of the fpecimens in the Bank- 
fian Herbarium, we are convinced that the Melanthium 
triquetrum of Thunberg and junceum of Jacquin are one 
and the fame; the former, having made his defcription from 
dried plants only, might be eafily led into this error ; but as, 
in a growing ftate, there is nothing triquetrous in the form of 
the leaves, we have given the preference to Jacquin's name, 
although Thunberg's has the right of priority. 

Our drawing was taken from a plant fent us by Mr. Sa- 
lisbury of the Botanic Garden, Brompton, in January laft, 
fome weeks earlier perhaps than it would have flowered had it 
not been forced by the heat of the ftove. Mr. Salisbury 
received it with feveral other curious bulbs from the Cape 4 
the latter end of laft Summer. 

The treatment fhould be the fame as for other Cape bulbs* 


fry. T.Curtis <.? f £ec:CrefcentApr. f. id>02 

C 559 3 

Massonia Muricata. Prickly-Leaved 

Clafs and Order. 


Generic Character, 

Cor. infera limbo fexpartito. Filamenta collo tubi impofita, 
Cap/. 3-alata, 3-locularis, polyfperma. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

MASSONIA muricata; foliis fubrotundis verfas apicem fu- 
perne muricatis nudis, corymbo compa&o brac- 
teato, ftaminibus fauce elevata infidentibus. G. 

Desc. Stem fcarcely above the ground. Leaves fmootb, 
lucid, thinly befet with thorn-like excrefcencies on the upper 
lurface towards the point, with parallel furrows converging at 
each end. Pedicels thick, fcarce half an inch long. Bracles 
elliptic, nearly the length or longer than the flowers, outer 
hrgeft, entirely furrounding the corymb. Tube about equaL 
J° the ftamens, nearly twice the length of the fegments, which 
taft are flaccid with a tranfverfe plait at their bafe, opaque 
Vellowifh white, faux fomewhat cupped, pellucid, tinged with 
bluifh-green, brimful of ne&areous liquid ; Jlamens upright, 
arranged in a campanulate circumference, white, with tumid 
a *ure bafes. The infertion of the filaments may be here called 
Mediate, in Massonia enfifolia immediate. 

The corolla of this genus feems to have afforded as many 
aijtinft conceptions of its ftru&ure as it has been defcribed by 
dl «erent Botanifts. Thunberg confiders it as hexapetalous, 
*£ e fegments as petals attached to the tube, his neftary 
(nence moft probably his ejeaion of Massonia enftfolia). 
Jacquin terms only the naked part on w r hich the filaments 
* re feated the nectary, and defcribes it as a mort marginal 


crown placed on the neck of the corolla uniting the bafes of 
the ttamens, thus making it a diftincl appendage. Solander 
Bank/. MJf* fpeaks of it ajs a fniall ne6tariform ringlet, created 
by a flight cohefion of the dilated bafes of the filaments. 
Tussieu, on the other band, calls the part we allude to, "faux 
" prominens" and fays it is formed by the reflex curvature of 
the bafe of the fegments, which afterwards becomes upright, 
and adds, that it is Thunberg's ne£tary ; but here he is 
wrong. — From all the above Botanilts we in fome meafure 
diffent. The corolla we hold to be completely monope- 
talous, and that there is no ne&ary confidered as a diftinft 
appendage; but in many fpecies (of which the prefent is 
the molt remarkable inftance known to us) the outer cuticle 
detaches itfelf from the, inner and is rolled back for a greater 
or lefs diftance; of this the fix flaccid fegments are the diftinft 
and immediate continuation, fhrivelling almoft as foon as ex- 
panded in our fpecies ; the upper part of the inner cuticle 
thus bared affords the neclary-like appearance authors allude 
to, and is (as are alio mofi probably the filaments) the feparate 
and uninterrupted continuation of that membrane, the whole is 
firmer, of a diftin£t colour, and remains in vigour until the ufual 
procefs of impregnation is completed. — However wide the chafm 
may appear between this and Massonia enfifolia> it is naturally 
enough filled up by a feries of fpecies, in which the denuda- 
tion of the faux gradually diminifhes till it difappears in enfi- 
folia, where the bafes of the filaments are even below the 
bafes of the fegments : as the faux decreafes fo the elongation 
of the tube increafes, and the neclareous liquid finks deeper 
and deeper till it is quite out of fight in enfifolia and 
unijlora. The whole of this natural clafs is, according to 
Jussieu's fyitem, corollalefs ;. but as it confifts of herbaceous 
thin-rinded plants and fomewhat fucculent, we fufpe6l the outer 
cuticle above mentioned is the continuation of the exterior 
rind (cortex) too fine to produce a more fubftantial covering, 
and that it correfponds with his Calyx ; that the inner one, 
on the other hand, is the continuation of the interior rind 
(liber) and that it may be his Corolla, both being thus united 
to afford a fuffkiendy fubftantial protection to the parts of 
fructification j if fo, the fame will apply to the whole clafs ; 
it is evident in this genus the two coats are fpontaneoufly 
feparable, of different degrees of duration, the inner one abid- 
ing the procefs of impregnation, then withering. We merely 
offer this hint for the prefent, nor do the limits of the work 
permit the infertion of fome further obfervations we have made 
on this fubjeft. Our drawing was made in die garden of 
Ed. Woodford, Efq. Gaizler. 

[ 5S° ] 
Robinia Glutinosa. Clammy Robinia. 

Clafs and Order. 


Generic Character. 
Cal. 4-fidus. Legumen gibbum elongatumi 

Specific Char abler and Synonyms. 

ROBINIA glutinofa ; racemis axillaribus pedicellis unifloris, 
foliis impari-pinnatis, ramis glutinofis. 

The Robin i a glutinofa is a beautiful tree, a native of North- 
America, and perfectly hardy in our climate. It appears to 
be of fmaller fize than the Robinia Pfettd-acacia, which it 
much refembles in habit, but when in blofTom is readily 
diftinguifhed by its rofe-coloured flowers, and at all times 
by its glutinous branches and fhorter ftraight fpines. The 
leaves are deciduous, confift of from eight to ten pairs of leaf- 
lets with an odd one, ovate, entire, glaucous underneath, 
and in the older leaves obtufe. Stipulae, two fhort ftraight 
fpines at the bafe of every petiole very weak, but perfiftent 
and becoming hard fpines in the old wood. There are aifo 
very minute ones at every pair of leaflets. The young branches 
are covered with glands of a dark red colour which exude a 
clammy juice. 

It is a free-growing tree, handfomer in its form than the 
Pfeud-acacia, and, from the wood being lefs brittle, is not io 
apt to be disfigured by the high winds. Flowers in June and 

Introduced into this country by Mr. Whitley, in whole 
nurfcry at Old Brompton it flowered fparingly in the Summer 
of 1800, and plentifully laft year. Is ufually increafed bv 
engrafting on the Pfeud-acacia, but may be readily propagated 
by planting cuttings of the roots, as we are informed by 
Mr. Loddidges, of Hackney, who alfo imported it fro nl 
America fome years fince. 


C 5fr 1 

Antholyza tEthiopica. Flag-Leaved 

C/tf/} ^«<i Order. 

Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. 

%7/^bivalvisovata: Cor. irregularis, recurva: tubus gracilis: 
Jimbus fexpartitus. Stam. adfcendentia. Siigm. 3, recurvo- 
patentia. Cap/, rotunda, coriacea. Sem. piura fubrotunda. G. 

Obs. A Watfonia Jligmatibus non bifidis ; a Gladiolo, cui amjunftif- 
Jima, fem.t >,r, fauciaribus neque alatis ; ab Ixix fauce magis ehngata Jto- 
mtnibufque adjcendentibus dignofcenda. G. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

ANTHOLYZA tetbiopica foliis enfiFormibus ftriatis, fauce e 
tubopedicelH-formi, quo duplo longiore, ab- 
rupte cylindrico-ampliata ; iacinia fuprema 
maxima porrefta, cacteris recurvis. G. • 

•ANTHOLYZA <ethiopica. Sp. PL 54. Reich. 103. Vbunh 
prod. 7. Murr. Syjl. Feg. 87. Gmel Syjl. Nat. 
113. Hart. Kew.\. 67. J. F. Mill. Ic. Plant. 
& Anim. t. 9. Willi. Sp. PL 1. 222. 

GLADIOLUS pyramidalis. Burnt, fi. cap. ? 

GLADIOLUS aethiopicus. Corn, canad. t. 79. Mor. Hi/}. 2. 
p. 421./ 4. /. 23./ i. Rudb. elyf. 2. p. 235. 
/ 2. 

HYACINTHUS africanus. P/ui. Phyt. 195. / 2. 

ANTHOLYZA ringens. Bot. Rep. t. 32. iterum (anendato 
nomine trivial:) t. 210. ejus Recenf. Antho- 
lyza <ethiopica> n. 21. 

Bulb large, comprefled, convex, concave beneath, covered 
*Mh a fibrous tunic. Leaves many, limber, ftriated, equitant 
downwards, upper ones gradually longer, midrib ftiff. Stem 
Jotindifh, ftri6t, upright, fcarcely flexuofe at the rachis, 3 — 4 
feet high, about a third longer than the leaves. Spike pyra- 
midal-oblong j flowers io — 40, diftich, almofl imbricate, fcent- 


lefs. Tube 6-fuleate, generally tjifted. Faux cylindric, 
bluntly keeled underneath. Upper iegment concave, blunter, 
about the length of the parts of fructification, which are accum- 
bent to it, the others acute, flat, much fmaller, three alternate 
ones leaft, two lower lateral ones larger than thefe, but far 
lefs than the uppermofl one. Anthers fubfagittate-linear, dark 
purple. Capfule the fize of a fmall cherry, burfting when the 
feeds are ripe ; feeds deep yellow, roundifh, preffed nearly 
into angles from miuual juxta-pofition. 

We are far from offering the above efTential character as a 
permanent one, or with confidence, fo few fpecies having yet 
fallen in our way ; but we hope foon to give fomething more 
definite. The capfule and feeds are precifely thofe of Gla- 
diolus communis^ which in thofe parts differs from all other 
Gladioli, in fo much that, could this be feparated from the 
other fpecies and added to Antiiolyza, the characters of the 
two would be eafy and precife ; the one with round capfule 
and feeds, the other with an oblong capfule and numerous 
lenticular-fhaped winged feeds. 

For the means of prefenting this beautiful plant to the 
public, we are indebted to the Rev. Sackville Bale, who, 
aware of the rarenefs of its flowering, mod kindly remitted it 
9 to us from his collection" at Withyham, near Tunbridge, 
where it flowered by the help of the flove in February. It 
flowered ft i 1 1 earlier at Meffrs. Russell and Wilmot's 
Nurfery, at Lewifham, who have had the goodnefs to fend us 
the fpike with ripe feeds, and is at this time coming into 
flower in the greenhoufe of Edward Woodford, Efq. 
Vauxhall. Had our drawing been fortunately taken before 
the upper flowers were expanded, the pyramidal form would 
have been an advantage to our figure. Cultivated by Miller 
in 1759. Flowers in May and June, according to Hort. Keu\ 
The trivial name (given it by Cornuti) of 2Ethiopian> is not 
a very eligible one for a plant peculiar to the Cape and adjacent 
country ; he mentions its flowering at Paris in 1633, his figure 
excellent. In habit of corollse it approaches Gladiolus 
Watfonius and Gladiolus quadrangu!aris % which lad we fiiall 
give in our next number. 

[ 5& ] 

Gladiolus Gracilis. Slender Corn- 

•i, -ft J* vf. -It. j|l >'«. >'•.. y»..yi. A. *'t. .>'•.. .yz. &-&- 4t> 

Clafs and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Charatler. 
Spalba valvula exterior lanccolata. Cor. ball tubulofa ; limbus 
6-partitus irregularis vel fubirregularis. Stant f adfcenden- 
tia. Anther* parallels. Stigm. 3 furfum dilatata ex com- 
plicate) explicata. Cap/, trigono-oblonga, lenta. Sem. nu- 
merofa. G. 

Obs. Retro (n.538.) " Vtmbum tnterdum Jed ranus hypseratcrifimt- 
rcgularem" diximus ; iterato vera fedulo examine idem oimnno regularts nuj~ 
quam prodit ; unde irreguiaritatem in carafierem rcjumpjimus. G. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

GLADIOLUS gracilis ; corolla fubmuante campanulato- 
bilabiata; foliislinearibus margirnbus utrinque 
laminato-coftatis, nervo medio coftis valde 
deprefliore, lateribus fulcato-paginatis. 0. 

GLADIOLUS gracilis. Jacq. ic. far. 2. /. 246. Coll. 4. p. 
159. Willd. Sp. PI. v. 1. p. 211. 

GLADIOLUS pundatus. 0. So/and. ined. Herb. Bankf. 

The leaves of this fpecies have the appearance of being thick 
and flat, with a deep f'quare groove on both fides, owing to the 
midrib being nearly obfolete and the marginal ones projecting 
far forwards ■ 3 — 4, about a line broad, far meathing, and fhort 
beyond; ftem very {lender, ftraight, fimple, geniculately- 
flexuofe upwards, 1 — 3 feet high, generally longer than the 
leaves, with two browmfh root-fheaths at the bafe, not fpotted, 
as in Gladiolus recurvus. Flowers 3 — 4, fcentlefs. It ap- 
proaches Gladiolus Watjonius in the leaf, which is however 
in this more linear with a depreffed midrib ; in the flower it 
comes near to Gladiolus recurvus, but has a different leaf. 
Bulb very fmall in proportion to the height of the Item. A 
native of the Cape, and is faid by Jacqui h to vary with white 
flowers. Our figure was taken at Meffrs. Grim wood and 
Wykes's nurfery at Kenfington, who have been long in po/- 
feflion of the plant. It flowers freely about March and April* 
and is by no means one of the tenderer fpecies. 


C 563 1 

Phlox Stolonifera. Creeping Phlox. 

>'' J» <l» «b «J» yt, ■!■ il. J. A ill MiiJtijf *tl iflhiiiliti A. 

CYj/} and Order. 


Generic Character, 
Cor. hypocrateriformis. Filamenta insequalia. Stigma 3-fidum. 
Cal. prifmaticus. Cap/. 3-locularis 1-fperma. 

Specific Characler. 
PHLOX ftolonifcra ; ftolonibus repentibus, foliis fpatulato- 

Twelve fpecies of Phlox are enumerated in Willdenows 
edition of the Species Plantarum of Linnaeus, of which four 
have been already figured in the Botanical Magazine. From 
all thefe this is totally diftinct, having trailing ftalks which take 
root at every joint, much in the manner of Ajuga reptans 
and Viola odorata, whence our trivial name. Leaves obovate, 
fpatulate, with ciliated petioles. Peduncles or flowering ftalks 
erect, both immediately from the roots, and from the axils of the 
leaves, bearing an umbel or cyme of nodding flowers of a bright 
violet colour, and furnifhed with 1 — 4 pair of linear-lanceolate 
leaves or bra&eae, hairy at the edges, fometimes oppofite and 
fometimes alternate. Four of the filaments are the length 
of the tube, and one fhorter by half, which gives the flower 
the appearance of being tetrandrous. 

We are informed by Mr. John Fraser, of Sloane-Square, 
Chelfea, that he firft difcovered this plant in Georgia, in the 
year 1786, together with Phlox pilofa, fetacea, and fuhnw&t 
but that living plants were not brought to Europe till 1801, nis 
fixth voyage to North-America, on botanical refearches, W 
company with his fon. This lad voyage was undertaken in 
confequence of an ukafe of their late imperial Majeflies the 
Emperor and Emprefs of all the Rufiias, appointing him their 
Botanical Colleger. We truft that fo much zeal will meet 
with a due reward. 

It promifes to be a valuable addition to our gardens, pa r ' 
ticularly calculated for ornamenting rock-work, being, ** 
arc alfured, perfectly hardy in our climate, although the fp e ' 
cimen from which our drawing was made laft Summer W* 
flowered in the (love : if planted in a pot and placed on a 
pedeftal or flower (land, with the branches fuffered to hang 
down the fide?, it muft when in full flower make a very fhevry 


'"ul hf ~ft. 

[ 5^4 ] 

Cacalia Coccine a. Scarlet-Flowered 


j!» «,'» «'. «J» «!» *'. Vt->'4..i'' » ! 4. V' »'». *'». «'i. J?i. *!* _>'«. 

^"^'Vj*' *jrTjTTjr vg. <>i» >,*• /(« *,» *,C /,n t s \ /p 4* /jr 

GV//} and Order. 

Syngenesia Polygamia zEqualis. 

Generic Charatler. 

Recept. nudum. Pappus pilofus. Cal cylindricus oblongus baft 
tantum fubcalyculatus. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

CACALIA coccinea; caule herbaceo, foliis radicalibus ovatis 
fpatulatis, caulinis integris amplexicaulibus cre- 
natis marginatis. 

A tender annual, to be raifed on a hot bed in the Spring, 
and about the middle of June it may be planted into the open 
border, where it will ripen its feeds. Its fine fcarlet flowers 
make a brilliant appearance, but its ftalks, being weak and 
growing two or three feet high, fhould be properly fupported 
to preferve its beauty from being marred by high winds or 
heavy rain. Our drawing was made at Mr. Woodford s, 
at Vauxhall, who received the feeds from Mr. Thouin, na- 
tional gardener at Paris in the Spring of 1800, under the 
name of C ac ali a fo?ub/foh'a / but as it neither anfwers to the 
defcription cf that fpecies, nor at all refembles the fpecimens 
preferved in the Bankfian Herbarium, we confider it as a to- 
tally diftinft fpecies ; and not finding that it has been hitherto 
defcribed or figured, we have given it a name expreffive 01 
the colour of its flowers and a fpecific character, which we 
believe will fufficiently diftinguifh it from every other known 

C 565 ] 

Clematis Viticella. Purple Virgin's- 


Oafs and Order. 


Generic Character. 
Cal. o. Petala 4 — 6. Se?nina caudata. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

CLEMATIS Viticella ; foliis compofitis decompofitifque : 

foliolis ovatis fublobatis integerrimis. Linn. Sp. 

PI. 765. Hort. Cliff. 225. Mart. Mill. Dm. 

art. 2. 
CLEMATIS foliis compofitis decompofitifque: foliolis ovatis 

fublobatis integerrimis, petalis obovatis patenti- 

bus. Willd. Sp. PL 
CLEMATIT1S c«erulea vel purpurea repens. Baub. Ptn. 3°°- 
CLEMAT1TIS altera. Cluf. Htft. 1. p. 122. quoad figurant, 

defcriptio nimis manca cuidam alteri pcrttnere 

CLEMATITIS peregrina caerulea five rubra. Ger. etnac. 

887. /. 1. & 2. Rait Hijl. p. 622. 

The Clematis Viticella is a native of Spain and Italy* and 
bears the cold of our winters very well ; is a very ornament* 
climber, and its flowers fweet-fcented. Though well known 
to our older Botanifts, and cultivated as long ago as the year 
1569, by Mr. Hugh Morgan,* it is by no means common: 
the double variety is more fo ; but this in our opinion, thoug 
preferred by Miller, is not fo handfome as either of the 
fingle red or purple varieties, both of which grow in the 
greateft perfeaion at the nurfery of Meffrs. Whitley & Co. 
Old-Brompton, where our figure was taken laft year. 

It flowers in June and July. Is propagated either by feeds, 
which it fometimes produces in this country, or by laying the 
young fhoots down early in the Spring or at the latter-end o 
July, the mode of doing which is fully detailed in Martin s 
Miller's Dictionary; but Mr. Whitley prefers the former 
time, to that recommended by Miller. 

* Hort. Kew. 


"Jmards ' h T.CurJU 

r unt tfM. 

x r t m 

C see ] 

Ixia Falcata. Sickle-Leaved Ixia. 
* $ » » y| »| » » fr»fn| fr» 

Triandria Monogynia, 

Generic Cbaratler. 

Spatha 2-valvis. Cor. bafi tubulofa, tubus gracilis, limbus 
6-partuus, regularis (rariffime fubirregularis) fubsequalis patens. 
fit. limbo plureis breviora, re&o-patemia, vei coar&ato-erecla. 
% w - 3» patentia. Setn. nuraerofa globofa. G. 

*?' 549. "» Char. Ess. lap/u calami pojl « limbus" COTr/Trnwi' " 6. 
partitus." ^ <■«£«« A"/. ,556, apud Erratum, pro *« excifis" Jfe« 

" divifis." * 

Specific Character and Synonyms* 

IXIA falcata / fpatha herbacea ftriata, corolla ere£la : laciniis 
ovalibus concavis, antheris horizontalibus, ftigmatibus 
ufque tubum divifis longis effufis proftratis curvatis. G. 

IXIA falcata. Linn. Suppl. 92. Thunb. Diff. n. 23. />ra/. 10. 
JV//<rr. ^jy?. Jv£. 85. Gw/. *Sj>y? i\fe/. 110. Hon. Kew. 
addend. Jaca. ic. rar. 2. /. 276. Coll. 4. 183. Willd. 
Sp. PI. 1. p. 207. 

IXIA cinnamomea. JBot. Rep. tab. 44. ejufquc Recenf. n. 2. 

Bulb about the fize of a large pea, campaniform, bafe flat, 
tunrcs brown, thefe in old plants are placed imbricately one 
ov er the other 10 — 15 deep, which gives the bulb the appear- 
ance of being greatly larger than it really is ; we have feen them 
thus piled nearly an inch high. Leaves 3 — 4, alternate, enfiform, 
* r °m three inches to a foot long, nerved-ftriated, two lower 
ones . nearly oppofite, reflex-falcate (fometimes almoft ftraight) 
c auhne ones fiftulofely fhcathing, compreffedly-ancipital, re- 
j?°te, longer, often edged with a membranous pellucid ferrately 
^abrous margin. Stem from fix inches to a foot high, lax, 
Jmple, or with ax ju ar y branches, generally three or four times 
J>nger than the leaves, upright. Flowers 5—20, ere£t, be- 
ginning to expand a little before funfet, when they diffufe a 


fine aromatic odour like fome of the varieties of honeyfuckle. 
Spathe fomewhat fhorter than tube, fubconduplicate, keeled, 
and often edged in the maimer of the caulme leaves. Tube 
about the length of the limb, which is quite patent, exterior 
fegments largelt and fomewhat re Hexed, of a Hne mining brown 
on the outride*, interior ones all white and fomewhat more 
concave. Anthers fagittately fubulate incumbent, verfatile, 
pale, each of them fomewhat refembling in pofition the needle 
of a mariner's compafs. Stigmas capillary, fometimes pu- 

Introduced into Kew garden by Mr. Mas son in 1787, 
flowers in April. We can perceive no difference between this 
and I xi a annamomea y except in the remarkable crifpature of 
the leaves and more numerous fmaller flowers of the latter:- — 
may thefe didinctions be loft by culture? The former was 
found byTnuxBEKG on the hills about Cape-Town, the 
latter on thole of Loweftaart. They are both called by the 
Dutch Cannclbloem, on account of their fmell, as alfo Avond- 
blonn, from their time of flowering, which at the Cape is faid 
to take place fo precifely at four in the afternoon, that the 
hour of the day may be known by it, except rain is at 
hand, which, by remaining clofed, thev predict as certainly as 
a barometer. Both, as well as Ixia pilofa and radiata t are in 
great requell there on account of their fragrance. Propagates 
with us by feed and offsets, but more (lowly than molt other 
fpecies of this family. It is apt to luxuriate in the number 
of fegments and in the parts of fructification. Our drawing 
was taken at the nurfery of MefTrs. Grimwood and Wykes, 
Kenfington, vhere it flowered this year in great perfection, 
the root throwing up two ftems. It requires a very fmal! pot, 
to be put entirely in bog-earth, and when paft flowering to 
be carefully preferved from all moifture. Is ftill one of the 
rarer fpecies. G. 

• Tn Jacqutn's figure the colour is a bright carmine, and in the defcription 
is laid to be purple. 

C 567 ] 

Gladiolus Quadrangularis. Square- . 
Leaved Corn-Flag. 

Triandria MoMogynia. 

Generic Cbaratler. — Vid. No. 562. 

Obs. Anther <z dorfo accumbenter Jufpenfa, verfatiks, fubtus dehlfcentes ; 
Stigmata his imminent. G. 

Specific Charafler and Synonyms. 

GLADIOLUS quadrangularis ; foliis enfiformi - linearibus 
fulcato -quadrangularis, corolla geniculato- 
recurva: fauce cylindrica tubo fubsequali, la- 
cinia fuprema maxima porrefta : infima mini- 
ma fubulata. G. 

ANTHOLYZA quadrangularis; ftaminibus declinatis : alis re- 
volutis : foliis lineari tetragonis. cap. 

GLADIOLUS abbreviates. Bot. Rep. tab. 166. 

Leaves precifely thofe of Gladiolus trifiis, n. 274. Stem 
2 — '3 feet high, upright, rigid, round, tinged with reddifh 
yellow towards the Rachis. Flowers 2 — 3, ground yellow, 
covered with dotted fcarlet lines confluent towards the bafe of 
the faux. Spathes coloured like the flowers, but uniformly fo 
pot ftreaked, outer valve the length of the faux. Corolla very 
^regular. Upper fegment ovate-oblong, very large, hyaline 
°n the fides, two upper lateral ones rhomb-ovate, feveral times 
fmaller, but larger than lower lateral ones, which arc ovate, 
ac ute, loweft very fmall, awl-fhaped; the three lowermoft have 
twin-ovate lucid green ftains in the middle. 

This very rare and fingular plant, a native of the Cape, was 
Produced by Meffrs. Lee and Kennedy, Nurferymen at 


Hammerfmith. Flowers about the fame time as Gladiolus 
trifitSy or rather earlier, about the beginning of April. Is per- 
^feftly fcentlefs. The leed-veffel precifely that of Gladiolus 
trijlis. Eafily propagated by offsets, but is (till rare. 

JBurman's defcription is more vague and brief than we could 
have wifhed, yet there can be little doubt of his defigningour 
plant, when all the circumftances are taken together, fuch as 
the name, and its ftation in his lift, where it {lands immediately 
after Antholyza athiopica and cutwnia, L. to both of which 
it has a very confiderable refemblance. According to him, 
it flowered in Holland in 1760, and grew two cubits high. G. 

[ 5^3 ] 

Cyanella Capensis. Purple-Flowered 


»»»»»» frf* $»**♦** » 

Clafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 
Generic Cbaracler. 
Cor. 6-petala : petalis 3 inferioribus propendentibus. Stamen 
infimum declinatum longius 

Specific Character and Synonyms, 

CYANELLA capenfis; foliis undulatis, ramis patcntiffimis. 
Syji. Vegetab. 329. J acq. Hart. 3. p. 21. t. 35- 
Andrews's Bot. Rep. /. 141. G*rt. fruB. 68. 

'• 17- ... 

CYANELLA caule foliofo paniculate), racemis divancatis, 
foliis lanceolatis undulatis. Willd. Sp. PL t. 2. 

P- *3*« . ' „ ;. • 

CYANELLA foliis lanceolatis undatis, ramis divancatis. 

"Thunb. atl. Holm. 1794. p. 196. Prod. 65. 

This is a native of the Cape of Good- Hope, growing fpon- 
taneoufly at the foot of the Table Mountain. The conical 
bulbs about the fize of thofe of Crocus vcrna are faid to he 
edible when roafted. There is a great Angularity in the growth 
of the ftamens, which diftinguifhes the genus from every other: 
five of them have very fhort filaments and erect incurved an- 
thers which open at the point, the fixth is declined and much 
longer both in the filament and anther, which lad is tongue- 
fhaped and grooved in the middle, upon this the ftyle is in- 
cumbent ; the lower one only, except in colour, has the common 
appearance of an anther, but all fix are confidered as fuch. 

In external habit it is very fimilar to Di an el la c^rulea, 
No. 505, and in the flower to lxiAfcillaris, No. 542. 

Is faid to have been cultivated by Miller, in 1768, but in 
his defcription, he fays, " the peduncle arifes immediately from 
" the root fupporting one flower;" from which we infer that; 
his plant was not the Cyanella capenfis. Our figure was| 
taken in April 1801, at the Garden of George Hibbert,; 
F.lq. at Clapham. Requires the fame treatment as other Caper 




HE Proprietors acknowledge, with Gratitude, the 
public Favour fhewn to the Botanical Magazine by a 
progreffively increafing Demand. 

The Plan adopted of giving an additional Figure in each 
Number, when it became neceffary to raife the Price, has 
given fo much Satisfaction, that fome have even thought it 
a fufficient Recompence for the Advance. It is indeed ob- 
vious, that the greater the Number of individual Species the 
Work comprehends, the more does its real Value rife. This 
Reflection, added to the Impoffibility of keeping Pace with 
the Wiihes of his Friends in the prefent confined Limits of 
the Magazine, has determined the Editor to double the 
monthly Qantity publifhed. 

The Purchafers will therefore pleafe to take Notice, that 
the future Numbers will contain Eight coloured Plates, 
and will be fold for Three Shillings ; — the proportional Price 
remaining as before. This Increafe, the Editor has no Doubt, 
will be acceptable to the Public, but he cannot pledge himfelf 
to continue it longer than he may find convenient. 

July i, 1802. 

friated by S. Couchman, Throgroorton-Street. 

H JVA /,y 7 

[ 5$9 3 
Gladiolus Watsonius {var. /3.) Dwarf 
Watson's Corn-Flag. 

Clafs and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Spathx valvula exterior lanceolata. Cor. bafi tubulofa: 
dS fe 7^ tltUS lrre g«^is vel fubirregularis. Stam. adfcen- 
aentia. ^»/W parallels Stigm. 3. furfum dilatata ex com- 
pl.catoexphcata. C^ trigona, oblonga, Icnta. «5m. nuroe- 

Specific Cbaratler and Synonyms. 

GLADIOLUS Watfonius foliis enfiformi-linearibus utrinque 
tricoftatis : lateribus fulcatis, fauce cyiindrica, 
laciniis recurvis fubaequalibus: fuprema rec- 
tiore. G. 

*. Corollis rubris. 

GLADIOLUS Watfonius. Bot. Mag. 450. To the Synonyms 
there quoted may be added, 

GLADIOLUS recurvus. Houtt. Linn. Pfi. Syji. 11. p. 59. /. 
79. /. 1. nee vero Linnaei vel Thunbergii. 

ANTHOLYZA revoluta. Bum. Prod. ft. cap. 

GLADIOLUS precox. Bot. Rep. 38. ejus Recenf. 16. Gla- 
diolus Watfonius. 
P« Corollis majoribus luteo variegatis. 

We are induced from the beauty and rarity of this plant 
(though a variety differing in little elfe than colour from that 
already publifhed by Mr. Curtis) to offer it to the public. 
It has been very lately imported from Holland by Mr. Col- 
Vi *-le, of the King's-Road, Chelfea, and we believe has never 


before been feen in England. It is not above one-third the 
height of var. a, and is of a more beautiful colour. The 
leaves of both, from the prominence of their ribs, have the 
appearance of being thick and bilulcate on each fide and the 
bottom of the furrows glaucous. Segments modifications of 
lanceolate bilabiately arranged, the lowefl dependent, all either 
patent or recurved ; when patent the uppermoft one points 
ftraight forward, when recurved that is only patent, thus ever 
differing in direction, all nearly the length of the faux. 
Scentlefs. Flowers in February and March : (a) was found 
at the Cape by Thunberg on the fides of mountains, parti- 
cularly on thofe of Leuweftaart, alfo near Conftantia, and in 
fome other diftri&s, flowering in our fummer months. The 
firft variety is become very common, and is one of the earlieft 
blowers of its family. We fufpeft: our prefent variety to have 
been produced by feed in Holland, never having yet found it 
in any herbarium or feen it produced from any bulb imme- 
diately from the Cape. It is not improbable that the diminifhed 
ftature may be in fome way connected with the variegation of 
the corolla, in the fame manner as tulips whilft they blow of 
a plain colour have a very long fcape, which when, in the 
language of florifts, the flower breaks, immediately lofes half 
or two-thirds of its length. We have obferved the fame di- 
minution of fize in feveral other inftances in this natural order 
upon the flower becoming variegated. G. 

SpdBtkm&M J*u£. &J T.Cut 

C 570 ] 

Ixia Capillaris (var. y.) Gracillima. 
Slender Ixia, . 
♦ ♦ ♦ I ♦ ♦ $ » jt » $ jjt » l » + 

Clafs and Order. 

Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. — Fid. No. 566, 

Specif c Characler and Synonyms. 

IXIA capillaris fpatha fcariofa 5-ftriata divaricata, tubo et 
fauce turbinato-continuis fubfulcato-angulatis, laciniis 
linean-oblongis, antheris conniventibus fligmata fub- 
aequ?mibus. G. 

{«) Gracillima^ foliis linearibus anguftiffimis non marginatis j 
fpatha tubum fuperante. G. 

IXIA gracilis. Salijb. Prod. Hort. 37. n 22. ? 

(j3'j Capil'aus; foliis rartilagineo-marginat is, ramulis 1-3 floris 
racemofo-digeflis; fpatha tubum iuperante. G. 

IXIA capillaris. Linn. Suppl. 92. Thunb. Dijf. 12. /. 2./. 2. 
prod. 9. Man. £j>y?. Vegetab. 84. Gffltf/. tyy?. AW. 109. 

mud. sp. pi. 1. 201. 

IXIA lan<ea. Jacq. Coll. Suppl. 13. Ic.rar. 2. 281. Nee vero 

(7) ^aZ/Va _; robuftior, ramis multifioris, fpatha tubo fub- 

aequata. G. 
IXIA aulica. Hort. Kew. 1. p. 57. G^f/. Syjl. Nat. 109, 

#•?//</. 6>. PI. 1. 207. 
W hcarnata ; praecedentis magnitudine, tubo et fauce ex cy- 

lindrico angufte turbinatis fpatha multo longioribus, 

limbo hypocrateriformi-patente. G. 
IXIA incarnata. Jacq. Coll. Suppl. 13. ic. rar. 2. /. 282. IVilld, 

Sp. PL 1. 201. 

Outer valve of the fpathe fubtruncate, ftreaked with three 
brown riblike veins ending in three fhort teeth. Segments of 
the corolla ftriped with three longitudinal darker coloured 
veins. Our variety has frequently a {lender hair-like one- 
JWered branch, giving the ftem an appearance of being 
forked. In a fucceeding number |3 and <F will be given in one 
plate, y we have never feen in bloom, but in the Bankfian 


Herbarium find the fpecimen from which the description in 
Hort. Kezv. was taken by one of its learned compilers, Dr. 
So lander i perhaps this is only a lefs luxuriant variety of <J? 

Thunberg's Ixia lancea> for which Jacouin miftook our 
variety (3, is a very diftintt fpecies. All thefe varieties are 
fcentlefs, and flower nearly at the fame time, viz. in April. 
They are united by many others, that approach more or lefs 
to one or other of thefe. 

This fpecies is very diflincl from its congeners, and although 
variable in fome of its proportions, colour, and degree of 
expanfion, adheres faithfully to all its fpecific diftinclions. 
Thofe who cannot be reconciled to the propriety of our re- 
ducing the above to mere varieties of the fame fpecies, and 
choofe rather to confider them as diftincT:, may retain the 
names allotted to them by the different authors. 

Throughout this natural order, in which the different fpe- 
cies and genera Aide imperceptibly into one another, it is 
often impofTible to mark the exact limits of each, and the 
means adopted by different authors will be found perpetually 
inadequate to the tafk. Thus the relative proportions of the 
tube to the fpathe, and of the border to the tube, though 
fometimes material, often afford no ground whatever for fpe- 
cific diflinftion, even differing in different years in the fame 
plant : fometimes the further cohefion of the lower parts of 
the fegments, or of the claws, ftrangely alter the appearance 
of the flower though not the fpecies: in this manner Gla- 
diolus hirftttus obtains a long cylindric faux and rounded 
Jhort fegments, their lower or narrower part being abforhed 
in the faux, thus becoming Gladiolus merianelhis of authors. 
So in our fpecies the tube and faux of a, j3, and y, are gra- 
dually elongated till they become the length of the border 
in <T, partly by the cohefion of the bafes of the fegments and 
partly by the elongation of the tube. In the fame manner the 
cartilaginous margin, fo frequent in the leaves of moft of the 
natural order, can be of fmall import for diftinftion, as its 
prefence or abfence often depend altogether upon the greater 
or lefs vigour of the plant. 

Our prefent figure was taken at Edward Woodford's, 
Efq, Vauxhall. 


IZ&mnd, &. ?„/,. fo T.CurlLv. Si Cec t W/certt Juty, t. f&& F s - v 

[ 57i 3 
Iris Villosa. Hairy Flag.' 

Clajs and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. 6-partita : laciniis akernis reflexis. Stigw. petaliformfa.' 
Vieusseuxia. De la Roche, Defer. 31. 

Obs. Species capenfes corolla hexapetaloidea unguibus fubdifcretts 
non in tubum connatis bafi tantutn leviter connexis, filamentis crebrius 
(anne Temper ?) plus minus coalitis gaudent. G. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms, 

IRIS villofa ; (barbata) folio extus lineatim villofo, caule 
pubefcente involucris glaberrimis, laminis alternis mini- 
mis tridentatis filamentis cylindrico-connatis. G. 

IRIS tricufpis. Var. («) corolla purpurea. Thunb. Diff. de 

Our plant differs in no refpe£r from Iris tricufpis (already 
publilhed by Mr. Curtis, in this Work, No 168, under the 
name of Iris pavonia) except in -the pubefcence of leaf and 
ftem and in colour. In making it a diftinft fpecies on that 
account, we follow by analogy the example of former Botanifts 
ln this natural order. It cannot be diftinguifhed from the 
r eal Iri S pavonia but when in flower, and then it is fufficiently 
diftincl:. Its lower leaf, as well as thofe of Iris pavonia, tri- 
cufpis, vifcaria, bituminofa, papilionacea, trifiis, Sec. &c. ap- 
pear to be radical and flat or fomewhat channelled, but when 
examined, will be found to be cauline and fiftular, having fplit 
from near the bafe where they are entire and round, to near 
tn e ei.d where they terminate, as fiftular ones ufually do, in a 
•olid columnar mucronate point ; the furfaces are of different 
"ues and frequently of different habits, as in our plant, where 
l he inner is quite fmooth, the outer pubefcent. Iris tricufpis 
(as are alfo mod probably its kindred fpecies above enumerated) 


is remarkably prone to luxuriance, forming abortive petals, 
or fegments of petals within the claws of the larger fegments 
of various forms, according to their greater or leis perfection, 
and fuch have been miftaken by TnuNBERcin Iris pavoniahr 
neftaries ; he defcribes them, •* neclaria tria intra petala majora, 
** fmgulum foliolam ova/ urn obtufum petaliforme ad bafin /' thefe 
are fometimes prefent or not fo in the fame plant. To us it 
appears impoffible to attribute to the union of the filaments, 
either in this genus or Ixia, the importance ufually given it 
by Linnaeus, without creating confufion and placing in diitin6t 
claffes, orders, and genera, fuch plants as are fcarcely fpeci- 
fically different; nor, on the other hand, are we able to lay 
down any rule of exception by which fuch compliance with 
the laws of his fyftem can be avoided, efpecially while Ga- 
laxia, Ferraria, and Sisyrinchium, remain fo feparated 
on that ground only. This union of filaments varies exceed- 
ingly in both genera, fometimes not extending beyond the 
bafe, fometimes to the middle, fometimes the whole length. 
The fhape of the ftigma is alfo very fubje£l to variation, that 
of Iris pavonia is very diftinft from our fpecies, nor do we. 
think that Ferraria undnlaia can be feparated from the Cape 
fpecies of Iris on that account only. De la Roche had al- 
ready formed a new genus from Iris tricufpis, to which he 
gave the name of Vieusseuxia, and if the Cape fpecies 
(which form a very diftinct- and natural fe&ion, differing in 
habit, as well as in not having their claws united in a tube, 
but very ilightly connected at xheir bafe only), fliould be 
at any time detached and formed into a new genus, his 
name mould be retained, but his character muft be generalized ; 
for, as it now Hands, it would fcarcely admit any fpecies but 
the one from which it is formed. Our drawing was taken at 
Meflrs. Grimwood and Wyke's, who received the bulb from 
the Cape, and with whom we believe it has now flowered for 
the firft time in Europe. The fynonym of Thunberg we 
confider to be doubtful, only becaufe he does not notice its 
pubefcence. Its time of flowering is a little earlier than 
xhat of Iris irlcnfpis> viz. in April. G. 


Hi ii.v ,1'-* '(',. m / 1( ; 

[ 572 ] 
Epidendrum Cochleatum. Purple- 
Flowered Epidendrum. 

Oafs and Order, 
Gynandria Diandria. 

Generic Charatler. 
Velarium turbinatum, obliquum, reflexum. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

•EPIDENDRUM cochleatum; foliis oblongis geminis glabris 
ftriatis bulbo innatis, fcapo multifloro, nec- 
tario cordato. Spec. PL 1351. Hort. Kew. 
3. 303. Swartz. Obf. 329. Jacq. Ic. rar.§, 
t. 605. Catcjb. Car. 2. t. 88. And. Bot. Rep. 
PL 13. Mart. Mill. DitJ. art. 24. 

HELLEBORINE cochleato flore. Plum.Spec. 9. Ic. 185./. 2. 

Of this very numerous genus, the Epidendrum cochleatum 
was the firfl: that was feen to flower in this country. It is now 
n °t very uncommon, confidering the difficulty attending the 
culture of plants naturally parafitical, a difficulty which appeared 
Jo great to Miller himfelf, that he thought it unneceflary to 
enumerate the fpecies in his Dictionary, obferving, that " they 
_ were not by any art then known to be cultivated in the 

ground." Since his time many fpecies have been brought 
t0 flower in great perfection, five have been now figured in the 
botanical Magazine, and we have drawings of fome others. 

The Epidendrum is of the fame natural order as Orchis 
and Ophrys, and the flowers of the different fpecies have a 
"milar fportive variety of form. Many of them are very 
dutiful, and all are curious for fome lingularity or other. 

Our drawing was made from a fpecimen which flowered 
, at Edward Woodford's, Efq. in December laft, whofe 
nead gardener, Mr. Watson, appears to us to be more than 
0lf imari!y fuccefsful in the management of thefe plants, which 


ftamps a value upon every hint from him refpecting their 
culture, vide No. 543. 

The Epidendrum cucullatum and fragrans have a very 
confiderable refemblance in the form of the flower ; but be- 
lides that, the former wants the fragrant fmell of the latter, and 
the difference in colour, there are feveral remarkable diitinc- 
tions. In cocbleatum, the petals are nearly fimilar, and all 
reflected ; in fragrans^ the petals are patent, and the two inte- 
rior ones are much broader and fomewhat fhorter than the 
three exterior, and the lip of the neftary is more accuminate. 
Both are natives of Jamaica, and in this country muft be con- 
ftant inhabitants of the ftove. 

The error in No. 152 may be thus corrected. 

Epidendrum Fragrans. Sweet-Scented 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

EPIDENDRUM fragrans ; folio lato-lanceolato enervi bulbo 
innato, fcapo multifloro abbreviate, labio 
cordato. Swartz. Prod. 123. Ait. Hort. 
Kew. 3. 304. Mart. Mill. Dill. art. 63. 

Native of Jamaica: introduced to Kew garden in 1786} by 
Hinton East, Efq. now firft figured. 

The fynonym quoted from Sloan e belongs neither to this 
plant nor to Epidendrum cocbleatum, but to Epidendrum 
Janguineum. Swartz, Prod. 

SviE/uani^/. Pub. A T.I % /"'/.' . V&e:Cr&nt toy. / /& '2 73*£* SCI "? 

C 573 J 
Ixia Radiata. Nodding-Flowered Ixia. 

Gfa/} ok^ Order. 


Generic Char-after, — Vid. No. 566. 

Specify Character and Synonyms. 

IXIA radiata; foliis fiftulofis deorfum vaginanter teretibus 

exinde compreflb-plams Iincaribus, fpathis adprefiis, 

corollis certiuis : limbo retrofJexo, ftigmaiibus flexuofo- 

torris depcndentibus longis. G. 

IXIA radiata. Jacq. ic. rar. 2. i. 280. C0U.Suppl.15. Willd. 

Sp. PL v. 1. 202. cxclufo Ixia fetacea in Syn. 
GLADIOLUS recurvus. Thunb. Dijf. p. 9. n. 3. depidfis fy- 
nonymis. prod. 8. Herb. Linn, maim jilii fubferiptus, Jed 
a Gladiolo recur vo patris prorfus alienus. 
IXIA jijhdofa. Bo t. Rep. tab. 59, ejus Recenf. Ixia radiata. 
& 4pg*ft<i foliis anguitioribus limbo fubnutante uniformiter 

albo. G. 
JXIA angufta. JVilld. Sp. PL 1. 202. bidicifque ' univerf. in 

coll. Jacq. apudfnppl. 
-*XIA linearis. Jacq. coll. 4. p. 183. ic. rar. t. 279. ubi Icon 
bulbum jam vetujhtm tunicis numerous plurimo or dine fu- 
perfirutlis obieclum fifth ) a Hayne apud. 'Term. Bot. 
tab. 5. //; radicationis exemplo mutuatum. G. 
\y) Caricina foliis angufiiffimis fcapo capillar!. G. Herb. Bank/1 

What has been faid of the buib in the article of Ixia falcata, 
Y°* 5^8, will apply to this ; obferving, that when we fpeak of 
the fize of a bulb it is meant without its tunics, otherwife all 
Qefcription of it as to fize and form would be ufelefs, as thefe 
often increafe according to the age of the plant, and vary, ac- 
cording to this increafe, in outward appearance ; but the bulb 
oeing produced yearly within them is generally nearly of the 
a me f lze> tne ]J one perifhing either in part or altogether. 
Reaves 3 — 4, gradually longer, fiftular, round till they are 
Pureed for the cmiffion of the fcape, from thence they are 


flattened, linear, and obfoletely three-nerved, but ft ill hollow, 
inner one longeft, nearly reaching to the flowers, and fheathing 
the whole way. Stem round, kneed, flexuofe. Flowers 8 — 20, 
though diftich at their bafes ultimately inclining one way, ex- 
panding about funfet and doling again before midnight; whilft 
open they diffufe a very pleafing caryophyllaceous fragrance ; in 
the day-time, being clofed, they are club-fhaped, nodding, 
and the outer fegments alone are perceived. Spathe fhorter 
than tube, outer valve herbaceous, rigid, ftriated, obliquely 
truncated, flem-embracing, entirely enclofing the inner valve. 
Tube upright, recurved, about the length of the fegments, 
greenifh. Segments lanceolate-oblong, acute, inner ones all 
■white, outer ones ftreakedly coloured with brown on their 
outfide. Filaments dependent, femicylindrical; anthers ftraight, 
linear, orange-coloured, fhorter than ftigmas. Stigmas patent, 
linear, finely channelled, rather fhorter than fegments, white. 
Capfule triquetral, columnar, narrow. Seeds very fmall* 
Flowers in April. Thunberg obferves its clofe affinity to 
Ixi a falcata> though it does not prevent his making it a Gla- 
diolus. Jacquin fays the flowers are fcentlefs, which is only 
true in the day-time. He gave it the fpecific name of radiate 
from the edge of the bafe of the tunic being dentately or what 
he calls radiately-lacemte. We have adopted his name becaufe 
ive found it, but think it themofi uncertain and inexpreflive he 
could have given ; befides, that this chara&eriftic is often ob- 
folete, or nearly fo. Introduction uncertain. Our figure was 
taken from a fpecimen afforded us by Mr. Colville, Nurfery- 
man, King's-Road, Chelfea, with whom it flowers in May, 
propagates flowly, and is ftili a rare plant. Should be careful)/ 
guarded againft moifture when out of flower. G. 

[ 574 ] 

Gladiolus Mirsutus (var, £.) Rose- 

Coloured Hairy Corn-Flag. 

4 h» ft $ & jt ft jfr ft fr k jr ft ft ft $ ■ 

C/rt/Jr c7//^ Order. 

Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Char after. — Fzi. No. 569. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms, 

GLADIOLUS hirfutus j foliis fubcoriaceis pilofis nervofis, co- 
rolla geniculato-nutante : tubo recto, limbo 
campanulato, laciniis ovato-lanceolatis furfum 
patulis. G. 
(*) BrevifoJins i bulbo jam florigero foliis fpatbaceis totis vagi- 
nantibus, eodem nondum florigero folio varie- 
tatum fequentium. G. 
GLADIOLUS brevifolius. Jacq. ic. rar. 2. t. 249. Coll. 4. 

156. fragm. p. t. IVilld. Sp. PL 1. 213. 
GLADIOLUS triftis (var. 1.) aphyllus> corollis albido-incarnatis 
quaternis fecundis fcapo pedali. Tbunb. Dijf. 
No. 8. ? cujus varietates x &? A huic fufpicor 
etiam pertinere fpeciei. G. 
GLADIOLUS amanus fc? villofiuj cuius. Herb. Bank/. 
(j3J Rofeus j foliis enfiformibus, corolla majufcula : laciniis lan- 
ceolato-ovalibus bafi unguiculato-attenuatis 
fauce longioribus. G. 
GLADIOLUS hirfutus. Jacq. ic. rar. 2. t. 250. Coll. 4. p. 

161. IVilld. Sp. PL 1. 214. 
GLADIOLUS carneus. Herb. Bank/. 

GLADIOLUS rofeus. Bot. Rep. tab. 11. ejus Recenf. Gla- 
diolus hirfutus. 
W Tenuiflorus i corolla graciliori laciniarum bafibusin faucem 
cylindricam connatis : laciniis rotundato- 
ovatis. G. 
GLADIOLUS Merianellus. Tbunb. Dijf. n. 11. prod. 7. 
Willd. Sp. PI. 1.214. exclufoMillerifynonymo. 
ANTHOLYZA Merianella. Reich. Sp. PL 103. Syjl. Peg. 
87. Gmel. Syft. Nat. 113. exclufo Milteri fy- 
nonymo. Nee vero A n t ho l y z a Merianella, 
Hort. Kew. vel. Curt. Bot. Mag. 441, Vid. 
retro W a t s o n i a aletroides. No. 5 3 3 . 


Stem fmooth, from eight inches to near four feel high, never 
branched. Leaves far iheathing, coarfely nerved, pubefcent, 
and generally edged with a filiform cartilaginous border of a 
purple colour. Spathes fmooth. Flowers 2 — 8. Faux ob- 
tufely angular, which characterise is very confpicuous in the 
larger varieties ; in (y) the bafes of the fc-gments are united 
and form a cylindrical faux, refembling that of mofl Wat- 
son 1 as, which we prcfume muft have been the caufe that 
Lihnjlus (who only faw it in a dried ftate) deemed it a cotv 
gener of Watsonia (his Antholyza) Meriana. Limb 
nearly regular but fomewhat unequal. Stamens fhorfer than 
limb. We have feen many other intermediate varieties, but 
have, as ufual, only enumerated the mod linking, and fuch as 
many will probably reckon diftinct. fpecies. Watsonia hu- 
m'dis, a Handing fynonym to this, is a real Watfonia, and a 
very diftinct. plant with fmooth leaves. The prefent variety 
ilowers in May, and fmells very like the flowers of Hawthorn 
or May. It fcarcely ever blows two years together of the 
fame fize or colour, varying from a deep purplifh rofe colour 
to a pale pink nearly white. Much of its beauty depends upon 
Ikilful cultivation. Mr. Williams, Nurferyman, at Turn- 
ham-Green, has an exceeding large' variety without the purple 
edge to the leaves. Is at all times very impatient of moifture. 
Was moft probably introduced among our Nurferymen by the 
way of Holland ; we have feen many fpecimens of it among 
the late Cape arrivals. Our figure was taken at Meffrs. Grim- 
wood and Wyke's, Kenfington, where it flowered in great 
perfection. G. 

'E&ardtdd Tzd. by T.Curlu SfGee: frefcetUAty *• ***' 

a /. M02. ■ 

[ 575 1 
Trichonema Cruciatum. Channel- 
Leaved Trichonema. 

Clafs and Order. 
Triandria Mokogynia. 

Generic Char a tier. 

Spatha bivalvis : valvulis lanceolatis acuminatis integris. 
Cor. 6-partita jequalis tubo brevifmno. Pit. ere&a, pilofa, 
brevia. Stigm. 3, bipartita. Setn. plurima, rotunda. G. 

Obs. BuJbit s conicus baft oblique femitruncatus, radicem defcendentem 
trajjam carnofam demittens. Scapus teres jub fiorejcentla f aphis fubterraneus ; 
jamprimum Jub fruclificationee terra proveniens, furfum in ramus binosfemi- 
ierefes, folio longiori Jlipulatos, bipartitus. Vid. Bot. Rep. tab. 170. quet 
jpeaes adhucdum fori f era fcapum jamemifit. Ramus alter Jape deficit. Genus 
Croco maxime ajfine. G. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms, 

TRICHONEMA cruciatum; foliis fubtetraquetris utrinque 
tricoftatis : cofta media elcvata lafiore, 
coroliis ere&is : laciniis acutis recurvo- 
patentibus, antherisftigmataasquantibu?. G. 

IXIA cmciata, Jacq. ic. rar. 2. /. 200. Coll. Suppl.. p. 16. 
Wild. Sp. PL 1. 197. 

IXIA Bulbocoditm, var. 7. coroliis rbfcis. Tbunb. Diffl 3. 

IXIA rofea |3. ' Herb. Bank/. 

Dr. Dryander, by a manufcript note in the Hort. Kcw, 
of the Bankfian library, has mod didinclly fettled the dif- 
ference between the Ixia rofea of the Cape (publifhed already 
in this work, No. 265, by Mr. Curtis, under the name of 
Ixia Bulbocodium) and the real Ixia Bttlbocodium i an Euro- 
pean fpecies. To the firft our plant approaches very clofely, 
but we follow Jacquin in making it a diftinft fpecies, as 
we believe it to be ; befides fome difference in the form of the 
leaves and Item, the fpathe of this is more membranaceous, 


t"be ftigmas nearly the length or fhorter than the anthers, not 
longer, as in rofea. A tranfverfe lemon of the leaf of J acqu i n 's 
fpecimen, a much ftronger plant than ours, affords the cruciate 
form from which he derives the fpecific name. We are per- 
fuaded that Li n n jeus adopted the name of rofea from one of the 
figures in Miller's plates, where three fpecimens are given, 
two coloured blue or purple and one pink or rofe, though 
the fpecies is defcribed as light purple in the letter-prefs and 
no mention made of the rofe-coloured variety. The above in- 
accurate plate with Miller's defcription, was moft probably 
all that LiNNiEUshad for a guide, hence his unlatisfa&ory 
defcription and the confufion it has fince produced. J acqu in 
is incorreQ. in defcribing the corolla as hexapetalous, as it has 
a fhort tube ; he might with propriety have called it hexape- 
taloid. Our generic name is from $£»'£ pilus and j^a filum, the 
Ifilaments. being hairy. Its fpecies, already defcribed or figured, 
are Ixia Bulbocodium, Linn. Syji. 83. Ixia rofea, Linn. Syft. 
*& *3« 75* Ixia cruciata, fapra. Ixia chloroleuca, Jacq. 
Coll. 4. 180. Ixia Bulbocodium, Bot. Rep. 170. Ixia hu- 
tnilisy Thunb. Diff 4. prod. 9. ? Ixia pudica t Herb. Bankf. — 
^lore are known to us, but we fhall referve them for further 
examination from living fpecimens. Dr. Dry and er is per- 
fuaded that there are feveral fpecies even in Europe. The 
genus feems to be intermediate between Crocus and Ixia, 
perhaps the link that joins them ; when we have laid a larger 
portion of this tribe before the public, we fhall then attempt 
to (hew the mutual connexion of the genera that compofe it, 
Vith fome further obfervations on them. This fpecies flowers 
about May. Our drawing was taken from the rich collection 
at George Hibbert's, Efq. Clapham, who received it by 
his 'collector from the Cape; it flowered alfo this year at 
Mr. Colville's, who had it from Holland, under the name 
of an Amaryllis. Found by Thunberg in various parts 
round Cape-Town, flowering in our fummer months. G. 


*?*~SM luhlyYCur^.V'^ Sr,r<*~£^ 

[ 576 ] 

Babiana Plicata. Sweet-Scented 

■$• -%■-%• &■$• $##$ #■* J M^M^ ^NNh^ 

C/j/jt <z#^ Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Charatler. 

Spiitha triva'lvutoidea, valvala intima bipartita. Cor. ball 
tubuiofa, limbus 6-partitus. Stigm. 3, recurvo-patentia e ca- 
nalicuUto explicata. Cap/, rotunda, torulofa. Sem. pauca an- 
gula'ta. G. 

Obs. Bulbus ehngato- amicus tunica fibrofa involufus, fapius alte Jubter- 

raneus Folia plicata, e petiolis eretlis fubmembranaceis linearibus corfuolutis 
flabelloidee explicata , utrinque acuminato-contrafla, jcepius pube/centia, nervi 

compares nulla precipuo vel medio. Corolla tubi longitudine et laciniarum 
Jitu mire ludlt. Stamina nunc ad/cendentia et parallcla nunc erecla et tri- 
fariam /pedant ia. Cap/uta /apius (/emperne ?) pubefcens. Ab IxiA, 

Watsonia, Antholvza, f/GLADiOLO, praterquam babitu, /patha 

imprimis di/crepat. G. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

BABIANA plicata ; foliis oblongo-lanceolatis molliflimis Iaxe 
plicatis villofis, limbo bilabiato-patente : laciniis 
fubaequalibus tubo fubaequatis alternis fubundulatis, 
genitalibus adfcendentibus. G. 

GLADIOLUS plicatus. Thunb. Diff. 24. prod. 10. Hort. Kew. 
1. 63. Burm. prod. 2. ? Nee veroLinn. vel Jacq. 
Ic. rar. vel Coll. 

GLADIOLUS /ragrans. Jacq. Hort. Scboenb. p. 7. tab. 14. 
Sifyrinchium latifolium floribus patentibus vix 
difformibus. Breyn. prod. 3. p. 22. /. 9. f. 2. 

IRIS africana verficolor pumila plicatis et hirfutis foliis radice 
bulbofa. Pink, tnant. 424. /. S. ? 

GLADIOLUS />//Vtf/#.f( r K)ilorevaricgatofuaveolente. Soland, 
MSS. Banks. 

The fpecies of this natural order having been ufually deter- 
mined from herbariums only, many fynonyms have in confe- 
rence been heaped under the prefent head, which belong to 


what are now efteemed diftinct fpecies ; we have only referved 
fuch as appear to us really to belong to this fpecies, and (hall 
apply the others as we publifh the plants for which we con- 
ceive they were intended. Miller's plant, figured in the 
155th plate, ufually quoted as a fynonym to this, is we believe 
the Gladiolus Jlriclus of Hort. Kew, The whole plant, ex- 
cept the corolla, is pubcfcent and very tender, from fix inches 
to a foot high. Flowers emit a pleafing caryophyllaceous fra- 
grance. Cultivated, according to the Bankfian Herbarium, at 
Kew-Gardens in 1778. We venture to predict that this genus 
will turn out one of the molt numerous of the whole natural 
order. For the derivation of the generic name, and an enumera- 
tion of fuch fpecies as areas yet defcribed, revert to Ixia 
cornea. No. 339 of this work. From, this lift Gladiolus 
crifpus fhould be excluded. Thunberg enumerates many 
varieties from dried fpecimens, which will nearly all be 
found to be diftinct fpecies. Found- by him at the Cape, on 
the loweft hills beneath the weft fide of Leuwebild near the 
fhore, near Cape-Town, in Swartland-Rode-Sand, and other 
fpots, in great abundance. Flowers with us in May. Our 
drawing was taken at Meifrs, Wykes and GrimwoodX 
Kenfington. G. 




Pui /„ 7 

C 577 ] 
IrisTristis Dull-Coloured Flag. 

Oafs and Order. 
Triandria Mon*ogynia. 

Generic Characlcr. 
&r. 6-partita : petalis akernis reflexis. Stigmata petaliformia. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

JK.IS triftts ; (imberbis) foliis angufto-lanceolatis nudis g!a- 
berrimis, caule ramulis et pedicellis villofis, petalorum 
laminis oblongis obtufis: alternis duplo anguitioribus, 
filamentis bafi connatis. G. 

IRIS trijiis. Thank Dijf. 39. prod. 12. Linn. Sup pi. gj. JVilld. 

-""UK/LA f or def certs. J acq. ic. rar. 2. /. 225. Coll. Sttppl. 29. 
MORi£A tricolor. Bot. Rep. tab. 83. ejus Rccenf. Iris trips. 

Root afmall round tunicated bulb. Leaves of the fame habit 
as thofe of Iris villofa of the foregoing number, but much 
broader and quite fmooth. Stem from fix inches to a foot high, 
ufually branched, terminated, as is alfb each branch, by a ge- 
neral bivalved involucre, from which ifliie in fucceffion two, 
three, or four flowers, on feparate pedicles, with fcparate one- 
v alved, convolute, membranaceous fpathes. We have ob- 
fcrved, that in ail the Cape fpecies of this family, when only 
°ne flower is produced from the general involucre, it is nearly 
twice the fize of thofe when the ulual number is produced- In 
al1 the Cape fpecies of Ferraria and Iris, as yet known to 
Us > the flower, after the parts of frudification have completed 
their operations, forms itfelf into a kind of ball, the fegments 
rolling inwards previous to its final decay; whereas, in Mo- 
r *a and Aristea, the genera neareft to this, the flowers 
commence their decay by twitting the fegments fpirally into 
a kind of column. Our fpecies was found at the Cape, by 
Thunberg, below the Duvvelfberg near the town. It feeds 
fr eely, and produces plenty of offsets. The drawing was 


taken from a plant that flowered in May, at MefTrs. Grim- 
wood and Wykes's, Kenfington, and was moft probably in- 
troduced amongft us by the way of Holland ; Mr. Hibbert's 
fpecimen, figured in the BotanihVs Repofitory, came imme- 
diately from the Cape. 

While " laciniis alternis reflexis" remains a part of the 
effential character of Iris, nearly all the Cape fpecies ought in 
ftriclnefs to be excluded, and this we imagine has been the caufe 
that fome of them have been transferred to Mor<ea, with which 
they agree, in having " petala tria interiora patentia> an- 
guftiora" but differ, according to us, from true Mor^eas, in 
having petal-fhaped ftiginas and upright claws or bafes to their 
fegments or petals. If therefore thefe are to be retained 
under Iris, the effential character rauft be altered; but 
it appears to us more convenient that they fhould be formed 
into another genus, diflinguifhed from Iris in not having the 
claws or bafes of the fegments united into a tube, but in ha- 
ving them nearly upright and parted. G. 


SycLEtiway.i tjtl 7"-'i/i irTCbtriu 

C 578 ] 

Gladiolus Recurvus. Violet-Scented 


ft $ j ff * » » y » » » ^hNh^ 

C/<2/> jW Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic *Characler. — Fid. No. 569. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

GLADIOLUS recurvus ; foliis linearibus, planis : nervo 
utrinque prominente, corolla campanulato- 
ringente Iateraliter compreffula: laciniis ex- 
timis lanceolatis recurvis : lateralibus infimis 
fubcuneatis. G. 

GLADIOLUS recurvus. Linn. Mant. 28. Reich. 1. 101. 
Syji. Vegetab. Murr. 86. GmeL Syjl. Nat. no. 
Willd. Sp. PL 1. 208. Nee vero Thunb. aut 
Linn. fil. 

GLADIOLUS carinatus. Hort. Kew. 1. 64. GmeL S\Jl. Nat. 
7. 111. mild. Sp. PL 1. 211. 

GLADIOLUS punclatus. Jaca.ic. rar. 2. t. 247. Coll. 4. p. 

GLADIOLUS triftts. (Var. y.) punclatus odorus. Tbunb. Dijjf. 

r de Glad. 12. 

GLADIOLUS foliis linearibus fulcatis, floribus uno verfudif- 

pofitis tubo floris longiore. Mill, ic 157. t. 
r 235. fig. 2. 

GLADIOLUS alaius. Schneev. & Geuns. tab. 12. Ujl ann. 
r Bot. St. 6. p. 98. 

J'LADIOLUS 0^r*.f. Salifi. prod. Hort. 40. 
GLADIOLUS ringens. Bot. Rep. tab. 27. iteritm tab. 227. 

<?/#j RecenJ. Gladiolus carinatus. 

Root-fheath glofly like porcelane, colour a white ground 
dutifully mottled with purplifh brown. Leaves 3, outer one 
nearly the height of the ftem, inner far fheathing, upper cau- 
jne and fpathaceous. Sometimes the leaves are fcarcely half 
"e length of the ftem, as in Jacquin's figure. Stem 1—3 
^ et high, (lender, upright. Flowers 2—5, produced about 
' P ri 'i fmelling very powerfully like violets or orris-root. 

• Spathes 

Spatbes about half tbe length of the corolla, much longer than 
tube. Upper fegment broaden 1 , elliptic, recurved, lower ones 
fubunguiculate. On the firit and fecond day of its expanfion, 
the upper parts of the fegments, if clofelv obferved, will be 
found to have a yellow ground, fo thickly be let with minute 
blue dots, as to give the appearance of a uniform blue, of 
which colour they really at laft become. Stigmas longer 
than the anthers. It approaches very near to Gladiolus 
gracilis in corolla, but differs eflentially in the leaf, as may 
be feen by their Ipecific characters ; this laft is alfo fcent- 
)efs, and wants the mottled root-fheath. The plant in the 
Herbarium of the younger Linnaeus, and defcribed in the 
Diffcrtation of Thunbkkg, under the name of Gladiolus 
rccurvus, is the Ixia radiata of this number ; how it came to 
be made a fynonym to fo very diftinci a fubjett as this we can- 
not account. We fufpect, however, that the real Gladiolus 
rccurvitSt as well as the Gladiolus undulatus of Linnaeus, 
has never been known to any author that we have confulted, 
if we may judge from the fynonyms and the different names 
it has repeatedly received. Both fpecies are interefting, as 
being of the very few of this family defcribed by Linnaeus 
himlelf ; and notwithstanding the reafons adduced in No. 538 
for continuing it to J acqu i n's plant, we now regret that we 
did not preferve his name of undulatus for the plant to which 
he had given it, which will appear in our next number. 
Raifed by Miller from Cape feeds; flowered in the 
Chelfca garden before the year 1760. Introduced into Kew 
garden by Mr. Masson, in 1 774, where it received the name 
of carinatus, from the appearance of the midrib of its leaves. 
Miller's figure is, we believe, erroneous in reprefenting it as 
branched, which, we are almoft certain, it never is ; very 
probably two clofe-growing plants afforded that appearance to 
the draughtfman. His defcription is correct and full. Thun- 
bf.rg mentions a variety with corollas of a pinkifh or flefh- 
colourcd hue. It is the moll fragrant of the genus ; fome- 
vhat impatient of moifture when out of flower; never fails to 
bloom when the bulb is of a proper a<xe. There is no fpe- 
cimen of this or undulatus in the Herbarium of the elder Lin t - 
N/tus. Our drawing was taken at the nurfery of Meffrs. 
Grimwood and Wyres's, Kenfmgton, with whom it generally 
flowers in April and May. G. 

•S-XdKar&je/. Jhtbh T.tfurlu 

're/ren.-^ At 

C 579 1 
Pelargonium Pinnatum. Pinnated 

Oafs and Order. 


Generic Charatler. 

Cal. 5-partitis : lacinia fuprema definente in tubulum capil- 
Iarem, ne&ariferum, fecus pedunCulum decurrentem. Cor. 
5-petala irregularis. Filam. 10 inaequalia, quorum 3 (raro 5) 
caftrata. FrucJ. 5-coccus, roftratus : rojira fpiralia introrfum 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

PELARGONIUM pinnatum ,• acaule, umbella fubcompofita, 
foliis pinnatis : foliolis fubrotundo-ovatis 
indivifis utrinque hirfutis. L'Herit. No. 14. 
Ait. Hort. Keiv. 2. 417. L'Herit. Geranial, 
t. 8. 

GERANIUM pinnatum. Sp. PL ed. 1. p. 677. 

GERANIUM protificum (y.) pinnatum. Sp. Ft. ed. 2. p. 950. 

GERANIUM aftragalifolium. Cavan. Dijf. 4. p. 257. n. 377. 
t. 104. f. 2. a Commehni pr<tlud. mutuata. 
J acq. ic. V. 2. /. 93. 

GERANIUM africanum aftragalifolio. Commel. pral. 53. /. 3. 

Root tuberous. Leaves radical, from fix inches to a foot 
and half in length, pinnated, hairy, hairs of a filvery hue, co- 
vering the mid-rib and both fides of the leaf; leaflets varying 
extremely in form and manner of growth, numerous irregularly 
fhernate, ovate, and obtufe, or ovate-lanceolate, moftly ftand- 
ln g on footftalks, fometimes feflile, the terminating one ufually 
lar geft ; fometimes from the bafe of one of the leaflets fprings 
a fmall leaf, and fometimes they grow as it were four together ; 
| n deed it is impoffible to defcribe all their variations. Flower- 
ln gftem 6—12 inches and taller, round, hairy, a little thickened 


juft below the umbel, ufually throwing out two other flowering 
branches from the fame part of the ftem. Flowers 10 — -15 in 
an umbel. Involucrum confiding of as many leaves as there 
are flowers, one being fituated at the hafe of each peduncle, 
about one-third of an inch long, fubulate, hairy. Peduncles 
nearly an inch and half long. Calyx confiding of five lanceo- 
late fegments nearly equal, four of them ufually reflexed, hairy. 
Petals buff-coloured, narrow, fomewhat undulated, dilating 
gradually from the bafe towards the apex ; the two uppermoft 
fomewhat the longeft and largeft, and very prettily ftreaked 
with crimfon. Five fertile Itamens. Anthers inclining to 
orange. Stigmas crimfon. 

We have followed the Hortus Kewenfis in confidering the 
pinnatum of Lin tue. us and ajiragalifolhim of Jacquin as the 
fame fpecies. There are, however, remarkable varieties, and 
future obfervations may perhaps feparate fome of them into 
diftincl: fpecies. 

Our figure was taken from a plant, which flowered in De- 
cember 1798, in the Marquis of Blandford's collection, at 
White- Knights, near Reading, and was raifed there from 
Cape feeds, fent by Lord Macartney. Introduced to the 
Kew garden, by Mr. Masson, ten years before. It is of the 
tenderer kind, and, like other tuberous rooted fpecies, is im- 
patient of water, and not eafily propagated, except by feeds, 
which it rarely or never produces with us. In ftrong plants 
the bulb will however branch out at top into two, three, or 
more diftina heads ; by dividing thefe with caution, fo that 
each part fhall have fome fibres to it, and not giving them too 
much water when planted, Mr. Dowdall, at that time 
Gardener to the Marquis, told Mr. Curtis, that this rare 
fpecies might be increafed. 

C 580 ] 

Erica Glauca, Glaucous Heath, 

Clafs and Order. 


Generic Characler. 

Cal 4-phyllus. Cor. 4-fida. Filam. receptaculo inferta. An* 
ther<e bihdae. Cap/. 4-locularis. 

Specif c Characler and Synonyms. 

ERICA glauca ; antheris criftatis, foliis ternis acerofis glaucis, 
pedunculis terrninalibus aggregatis brafteatis nutanti- 
bus, calycibus fimplicibus patentibus corollas ovatas 
acutas fubaequantibus. 

ERICA glauca. And. Eric. n. 47. Salijb. in Aft. Soc. Linn, 
v. 6. p. 352. 

This makes a very handfome fhrub, growing to the height 
of three feet or more ; but as it will not flower till it has ac- 
quired a confiderable fize, and is of flow growth and propagated 
from feeds only, few perfons have had an opportunity of leeing 
it in flower ; on this account, perhaps, the bra&eae, calyces, 
and corolla have been erroneoufly defcribed as being all or a 
livid-purple colour, which corresponds indeed with Mr. An- 
drews's figure above quoted, but does not accord with nature, 
the corolla only being of a purple colour and the other parts 
of a brick-duft red. The parts of fructification are entirely 
enclofed in the corolla, the anthers are what LiNN.tus calls 
criftated, that is, each lobe has an appendix at its bafe, com- 
pared to the comb of a cock, being flat and ferrated at 
the edges. Appears to us to approach neareft to Erica 
baccans y No. 358 of this work; but is eafily diftinguifted 
from every other fpecies by the remarkable large coloured 
bra&eae and fpreading calyx. Our drawing was taken from 
the fined fpecimen we have ever feen, in the collection 
George Hibbert, Efq. which has unfortunately vD& 

'-Z&&&& jo^ 

fry J 



C 581 3 

Tritonia Squalida. Sweet-Scented 

Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. 

Spatha bivalvis fcariofa. Corolla faux turbinata : limhus fex- 
partitus : latinis unguiculatae. Stam. inclinata [nunquam 
eretla) filamenta curva. Stigm. 3, recurvo-pateruia. Lap/. 
ovato-rotunda. Sem. numerofa, globofa. G. 

Obs. Bulbus involutus tunica reticulata, maculis fajplus.roa- 
jufculis. Folia glaberrima, iridioidea. Spatha integra vel apice den- 
ticulata et fufcefcens. Flores majufculi plures. Corolla; limbus 
regularis vel bilabiatus et fubirregularis vel etiam refupinato- 
Wabiatus : lacinise faepius aequales vel unica fere duplo major vel tres 
inferiores fed rarius minores, modo unica modo tres alternx ad bafin 
§ibba?, modo cun&a; conformes. Stamina in bilabiatis adfcendentia, 
in regularibus alfurgentia, vel etiam adfcendentia et aifurgentia in di- 
Verfis floribus ejufdem plantae. Filam- femppr rnrva. A Sparaxide dif- 
crepat fpatha haud partito-lacera, axillis foliorum non bulbiferis ; a 
Gladiolo feminibus non alatis, G. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

TRIT 'ONI A /qualida ; foliis laxioribus extimis obtufmfculisi 
limbo aequali : lacinia unica bafi urceolato- 
gibba : unguibus margine hyalinis : laminis ro- 
tundatis, ftigmatibus (lamina fuperantibus G. 

IXlA/qualida. var. (») Hort. Kew. 461. Gmel. Syft. Nat. 2. 
109. mild. Sp. PL 1. 206. 

J XIA lancea. Ibunb. Di/f. n. 21. r> Prod. 10. ? Syft. Vegetal. 
Murr. 85.? Syft. Nat. Gmel. no.? Willd. Sp. 
PL 1. 206. ? Nee Jacquini. 

IX-IJE crocaU var. Burm. Prod. FL cap. 1. Houtt. Linn. Pft. 
Syft. 11. 35. 

IXlAJmilis. Salijb. Prod. Hort. 38. n. 28. 

The prefent fpecies, although too clofely allied to Tri- 
t onia (IxiaJ crocata, No. 184, differs in having outer 


leaves rather more blunt and falcate, corolla fmaller and 
lefs patent, veins more prominent, laminas narrower, more 
rounded, often retufe and incurved, claws lefs hyaline ; be- 
fides in fmelling very fweet, whereas crocata is perfe&ly fcent- 
lefs. In the Hort. Kew. the Triton i a (Gladiolus) Iineata t 
Bot. Mag No. 487, is made a variety of this ; but upon what 
foundation we know not, as befides the numerous differences 
above ground the habits of the bulbs are very diftincl; in Tri- 
ton 1 a Izneata, though it becomes effete, the bulb does not 
entirely perilh till the lecond year after flowering, while in our 
plant it completely difappears before the feed is ripe. De La 
Roche, in his Defer, nov. plant n. 13. p. 24. in a note on 
Tritonia crocata, his Ixia iridifoiia, declares himfelf at a 
lofs whether to allot it to Ixia or Gladiolus, notices 
the declined pofition of the parts of fructification and the cur- 
vature of the ftamens, which he defenbes by the word fig- 
tnoidea (figtmdike). We have founded the genus on the fol- 
lowing defcribed fpecies, viz. Ixia crocata, Ltnn. Bot. Mag. 
No. 184. Ixia fenefirata, Jacq. Ixia mini at a, Jacq. Ixia 
Jqualida, Hort. Kelso. Ixia deufta, Hort Kew. Gladiolus tf- 
neatus,SaltJb. (Bot. Mag. No. 487. Ixia fqualida^. Hort. Kew.) 
Gl ADioLusfecuriger, Hort. Kew. Bot. Mag. No. 383. Gladi- 
olus fiavus Hort. Kew. Gladiolus refraclus ? Jacq. Name 
derived from Triton, in the fignification of a vane or weathercock, 
in allufion to the variable dire6tion in the ftamens of the diffe- 
rent fpecies. We have not adopted Thunb erg's trivial name of 
lancea, for although, taking circumftances together, we have 
little doubt but this is his plant, yet the defcription is far too 
vague to apply with certainty to any fpecies. Flowers in 
M^y. Introduced by Mr. Masson, in 1774. Our figure 
was drawn at the nurfery of Meffrs. Grimwood and 
Wykes, Kenfington. G. 

[ 582 ] 

Gladiolus Cuspidatus. Tall Corn Flag, 
»»»»»♦»» fr 4hMi » ♦♦»» » 

C/j/j flw^/ Onter. 


Generic CharaRen—Vid. No. 569. 

Specific Character and Synonyms* 

GLADIOLUS cufpidatus ,- corolla femiringenter-infundibuli- 
formi ; tubo filiformi fpatha limbove duplo 
longiore, Iaciniis longe attenuatis recurvis un- 
dulatis; infimis duplo anguftionbus. G. 

GLADIOLUS cufpidatus. Jacq. ic. rar. 2. ^.257. Coll SuppL 
17. Willd. 6p. PL 1. 210. Bot. Rep. tab. 219. 

GLADIOLUS undulatus. Linn. Mant. 27. Syfl. Veg. Murr. 
86. Reich. 1. 101. Houtt. Linn. Pfi. Syji. li. 
59. GmeL Syjt. Nat. 110. exclufo fynonymo. 

GLADIOLUS trijiis. var. (o) hajtatus, corollis albo incarnatis 
macula haftata. ThunL Dijf. de Glad, 13. ? 

Leaves enfiform, generally fhorter than the ftem, and nar- 
row in proportion to their height. Stem 2—3 feet high, ereft, 
round, lube filiform, ftraight, nearly twice the length of the 
fpathe, above which it is gradually enlarged into a faux ; leg- 
me; its lanceolate, far-attenuate, much fhorter than tube, and 
generally waved, upper ones broaden, uppermoft nearly ftraight, 
recurved at the end. Flowers vary much in colour and in the 
form of the mark on the lower fegments, which is fometimes 
oblolete as well as the undulation. Our reafons for not 
having reftored Lin nous's fpecific name of undulatus to 
this fpecies may be feen No 538 of this work, though we 
riow wifii we had retained the trivial name of augufius, given 
by Thunberg for that, and Linnaus's for this. — * 
The latter, in his Mantijfa, fixes upon this fpecies as the link 
that unites Gladiolus and Ixia, which he would hardly have 
done had he feen the numerous fpecies that have been fmce 
dilcovered, many of which feem to approach much nearer 
to Ixia. This magnificent fpecies is a native of the Cape, 
flowers m May and June. Our drawing was taken from the 
colleaion of Meffrs. Grimwood and Wykes, at Kensington- 
Its time of introduaion uncertain j fciut finee the publication 
of Hort. Kew, G ? 


Pu/i.hvT.c'/tr,!. ■ ■ 'it J 

[ 5*3 1 ' 

Babiana Villosa. Crimson Babiana, 

Ofl/j flwi Onfrr. 


Generic Character. — Fid. No. 576* 

Specif c Ckaracler and Synonyms, 

&ABIANA villofa ; fpatha tubo fub<equata, corolla regulari : 
laciniis oblongis obtufis, itigmatibus linearibus an- 
theras craffas majufculas fubaequantibus. G. 

I XI A villofa. Hort. Kew. u 58. 

IXIA punicea. Ja.cq.ic. rar. 2. /. 287. Coll. Suppl 12. Willi* 
Sp. PL 1. 198. 

IXIA flahelliformis. Satijb. Prod. Hort. 37. n. 23. 

GLADIOLI plicati. var. purpurea. Tbun£>. Diff. n. 24* 

Stem declined. Flowers fcentlefs. Outer fegments of the 
corolla are traverfed by a hairy fubcarinate line on the outfide, 
and terminated by a fmall mucro. Anthers deep violet or 
black, at firft furrounding the ftigmas, but ultimately inclining 
to a parallel front, though not afcendent. 

Differs from Babiana (Ixia) rubra- cyanea> No. 410 of this 
work, chiefly in not having the ftigmas fo broad and rounded, 
nor fo markedly curled and fringed. — Are they feally diftinct 
fpecies ? 

Our figure was taken at the nurfery of Mr. Co lvii- lE > 

Flowers in May. Introduced into Kew garden by v** 
Patrick. Russell, in 1778.* G. 

* Hort, Kcwr, 


' 2V*Wr Jd. Bd. h T.Curtu 


[ 5§4 ] 
Ixia Excisa. Dwarf Ixia. 

Clafs and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Cbaracler. — Vid. No. 566. 

Specific Qharatler and Synonyms. 

IXIA excifa j rachi dichotomoideo-flexuofa, fpatha herbacca 
naviculari glaberrima ; floribus remotiufculis ere&iffimis : 
limbo rotato-patente ; ftigmatibus revolutis fimbriato- 
pilofis antheras fupereminentibus. G. 

IXIA excifa. Thunb. Dijf. n. 24. tab. 1. fig. 4. Prod. 10. Linn. 
Suppl. 92 quoad varietatem fecundam, prior enim 
Gladiolum (nobis Lapeyroufiam) junceum fpeftat. Syfi. 
Veg. Murr. 85. Gmel. Syji. Nat. 110. Wiild. Sp. PI. 
1. 207. 

IXIA cvata, foliis radicalibus binis ovatis connatis, fcapo in 
fummitate inflexo. Planta fefquipalmaris , foliolo ad 
Jcapi divifuram oblongo t qui a fiore ad fiorem infietlitur 
et inftar dichotomize adparet ; flores in fummitate albi et 
•violacci. Burm. Ft. cap. Prod. 

Bulb round, fmaller than a pea, tunic brown, hard, bafe ob- 
liquely femitruncate. Radical leaves two, three times fhorter 
than the ftem, narrow-ovate, fub-coriaceous, diltich, fub- 
falcate, very fmooth, rather mining, with a flight excifion to- 
wards the bafe, and the middle nerve nearly obfolete. Stem 
ftiff, round, flexuofe, 2 — 4 inches long, generally wiih a 
cauline leaf. The fpike has the appearance of a d;chotomous 
mflorefcence, owing to the rachis being ftrongly flexuofe and 
the flowers rifmg ftraight from the angle of the bends or 
knees, feem as if each terminated a diftinc\ peduncle. Spathe 
uiorter than the tube, outer valve very finooth, con- 
duplicate, keeled, flightly bifid. Flowers 4—6, large in pro- 
portion to the bulb. Tube ftria, thickifh, flefhy, obfoleieiy 


triquetral, longer than the fegments, which are oblong, oval» 
(lightly pointed, fomewhat concave, nearly equal, white on 
the infide, with a twin cinnamon-coloured llain at the bale, on 
the outfide ftreaked with the fame coloured veins, the three 
outermoft moil fo. Filaments erect, longer than the anthers, 
diftintt or fomewhat remote but not patent, forming a kind of 
open-work column ; anthers fagittate, upright, fhort, brown. 
Style as long or longer than the llan.ens; ftigmas revolute, 
hanging over the anthers, from complicate explanate, pubef- 
cently fringed, lucid. Expands about eight o'clock in the 
morning, and continues open as long as the fun fhines upon 
it. Quite fcentlefs. The younger Linn al us feems to have 
confounded a variety of Gladiolus (our Lapeyrousia) 
junceus with it, as the latter variety only of the plant he de- 
fcribes applies to our fpecies. — Spathe and corolla bear a ftrong 
frima facie refemblance to Ixi a falcaia. Found byTnuNBERO 
on the hills round Cape-Town ; his figure is chara&eriftic. 

Our drawing was taken at the garden of George Hibbert, 
Efq. Clapham (by whom it was introduced) where alone, we 
believe, it is to be found in this country. 

Our fpecimen agrees in fize with the many dried fpontaneous 
ones we have feen, and does not appear to have been the leaft 
altered by cultivation. Propagates by offsets with the ufual 
facility of its congeners, by which they will all foon become 
very common, especially as they are of fuch eafy culture. 

Flowers in April and May. G. 

i>*l.EJ»*nL M ./}// /•/ T I y urti,t tr// 

t sk i 

Stapelia Grandiflora. Great-Flowered 


Cfc/jr £fl# Order* 


Generic Character* 
Co'ntorta. Net?, duplici ftellula tegente genitalia. 

Specific Character and Synonyms, 

STAPELIA grandiflora ; rami's quadrangularibus clavatis : 
angulis dentatatis : dentibus remotis incurvatis, 
corolla magna plana quinquefida : laciniis lan- 
ceolatis acutis margine ciliatis. Majfon. Stap* 
p. 13. n. n. /• 11. 

Stapelia grandiflora. wuu. sp. pi. 1. 1278. 

This Stapelia has the largefl flowers of any of the whole 
genus, the corolla meafuring, when fully expanded, in the fpe- 
cimen from which our drawing was taken, fix inches in dia- 
meter, and is equally offenfive to the fmell as any of its con- 
geners. More nearly allied to Stapelia hirfuta than to any 
°ther ; but befides a confiderable difference in the branches, is 
oiftinguifhed by fegments more acute and covered with hairs to 
a greater extent ; not only the centre of the flower, as in hirfuta % 
but more than half the fegments, being thickly clothed with a 
kit of fine foft filky hairs of a reddifli purple colour. The tips 
°i the flower are of a very black purple colour and naked, ex- 
Ce pt the fringe on die edge, which alfo furrounds the reft of the 


Rower, and confifts of very long white filky hairs, growing 
from a narrow margin in one rank, but alternately reclining 
in different directions, chiefly diflichwife ; whereas in hirfuta t 
the ciliae grow on a broader margin, conftituting a thicker 
but much fhorter fringe. The parts of fructification, which 
vary fo much in the different fpecies, though fufficiently dif- 
ferent in form to mark a diftin£t fpecies, are very fimilar to 
thofe of hi'rfuta, well figured and defcribed by Jacquin in 
his Mifcellanea Aiijlriaca y torn. 1. p. 28. tab. 3. We are 
however by no means convinced that the ApociNEiE Jujf. 
to which order Stapelia belongs, mould be referred to the clafs 
decandria, but confider them rather as having five two-lobed 
anthers, with the lobes diftinft; we would therefore retain 
them in the clafs pentandria for juft the fame reafon that Prof. 
Swartz has confidered the Orchideae to be really monand- 
rous, though arranged by Linnaeus as diandrous. 

Culture the fame as for the reft of the genus, fee No. 536. 
It does not flower fo readily as many of the others, the buds 
being very apt to die off, even when far advanced. 

Found by Masson at the Cape of Good Hope, near Son- 
dags Rivier. 

Our drawing was taken in December, from a fpecimen com- 
municated by Mr. Loddigrs, Nurferyman at Hackney, who 
has a large colle&ion of Stapelise. 


C 586 ] 

Gladiolus Alatus. Wing-Flowered 

C/4/} #»i Order. 

Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Charatler. — Fid. No. 569. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

GLADIOLUS alatus i foliis rigidis denfe ftriatulis, fpathis fub- 
ventricofis decurrentibus, corolla lacinia fu- 
prema cuneato-lanceolata plana ere£lo-recurva: 
lateralibus latiffimis ovato-rhombeis : infima 
fpatulato-rhombea. G. 

GLADIOLUS alatus. Sp. PL 53. 4*Hm. Acad. 6. Afr. 2. 
(exclitfa jynoujmo Pluken.) Tbunb. Diff. n. 15. 
var. 3. Nee Gladiolus alatus Hort. Kew. 
aut Jacq. ic. rar, vel coll. 

GLADIOLUS flore fingulari miniato, inferioribus laciniis 
luteo-viridibus. Breyn. Prod. p. 25. /. 12. f. 2. 
Seb.Thef. 1. t. 7.7.3. 

GLADIOLUS. Herb. Gronov* apud Herb. Bank/. 

GLADIOLUS galeaius. Burm. Prod, cap. 2. t 

GLADIOLUS alatus. Bot, Rep. tab. 8. ejufque Recenf. No. 14. 

Bulb round, corripreficcl. Leaves 3 — 4, enfiform-linear, 
ftiff, fomewhat coriaceous, outermoft one bluntifh, nearly 
equal with the fcape, twice the length of the others, all 
without a chief or middle nerve, ftreaked with clofe pa- 
rallel fine furrows. Stem 6 — 8 inches high, upright, flexuofe, 
femiancipital. Spathe much longer than tube, exterior 
valve ventricofely-concave, fomewhat keeled, item-embracing, 
decufrenf, the margins of which projecting fomewhat beyond 
the ftem give it fomething the appearance of being winged. 
Flowers 5 — 10, divaricately ringent, patent. Tube fhort, 


turbinate, fegments equal in length, uppermoft one twice nar- 
rower than its lateral ones, lower ones narrower, far-attenuate 
downwards or clawed. Parts of fructification nearly of one 
length, arched-adfcendent. Filaments flattened. Flowers fmell 
like fweet-briar. Being the Gladiolus alatus of Sp. PI. 
and Amten. Acad, we have retained the fpecific name, though 
riot die plant of Hort. Kew. or Jacquin % for which we intend 
the name of viperatus, that being the " Sifyrinchium viperatum" 
of Fluke net, and mottled in the manner and fomething the 
colour of a viper's head -, of this we have never yet been able 
to obtain a live fpecimen, but have feen a beautiful drawing of 
it by Mr, Baui k> in the Bankuan library, from a plant that 
flowered in the Kew garden fome years ago ; as likewife many 
dried fpecimens*. Thunberg has united under the Gla- 
diolus alatus three very diftinct fpecies, viz. ill. Gladiolus 
galeatus, J acq. 2dly. Gladiolus alatus, Hort. Kew. and Jacq. 
our viperatus. 3dly, The prefent plant ; which three fpecies, 
together with Gladiolus permcabilis, De La Roche ; Gladi- 
olus namaquenfis^ Bot. Rep. t. 122, and Gladiolus viridis, 
Hort. Kew. add. form a very fingular and diftinct. lection in 
this genus, agreeing in having the parts of fructification very 
much arched, the upper lateral fegments of a more or lefs 
rhomboidal form, very patent, and broad ; and, though they 
differ materially in other points, have a finking refemblance in 
the form of their corollas. 

Our figure was taken at Mr. Colville's Nurfery, in the 
King's-Road, Chelfea (with whom it bloflbms in May) from a 
fpecimen, the flowers of which were unufually luxuriant. 

Found by Thunberg in many fpots at the Cape 6i 
Good Hope, where it feems to be very common. It is 
among the moft beautiful of the tribe ; and, though not un- 
common in different collections, is feldom feen m flower, 
the reafon perhaps of its not appearing in Hort. Kew. for 
there is fcarcely an arrival of Cape bulbs that does not 
contain fome of the roots. Propagates very eafily by feed 
and offsets. We have not yet learnt the mode of infuring its 
flowering, but apprehend it requires rather more heat than many 
of the genus. 

We prefume the fpecific name was fuggefted by the extended 
wing-like appearance of the upper lateralfegmentsof the corolla; 
fcarcely from the fomewhat winged appearance of the ftem ? 0, 

* Since this was written, we are happy to learn from a figure in the Botanifts 
Repofitory for laft month (fee Gladiolus orckidifiarus, pi. 241) that the 
country is (lill in poffeflion of this rare plant through the collection of Geo* 08 
Hibbert, tfr], where it flowered in March laft. 

C 5S7 3 

Iris Viscaria. Bird-Limed Flag. 

Oafs and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia, 

Generic Charatler. 
Cor. 6-partita: petalis alternis reflexis. Stigmata petaliformia. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

IRIS vifcaria (imberbis) foliis linearibus re&iufculis caule 
terete rigido vifcofo fubcandelabri formiter polyftacbio, 
corollae laciniis retroflexis ovato-oblongis acutulis, ftig- 
matibus ferratis. G. 

IRIS vifcaria s imberbis, foliis linearibus planis, fcapo vifcofo. 
Thunb. Ditf. 4%. Prod. 12. Wilid. Sp. PL v. 1. />. *39- 

IRIS vifcaria ; corollis imberbibus foliis linearibus planis, pe- 
talis patentibus caille vifcofo. Linn. Suppl. 98. 

Root tulbous. Stem about a foot high, wiry, fmeared 
with a coat of yellowifh brown gluten of a very tenacious qua- 
lity, enfnaring all fmaller infeds that happen to touch 1U 
culmaceous, each joint embraced by an involucre, from which 
iffue 3 — 4 fimple branches arranged in the manner of thole 
of a chandelier, fimilar to the fiera and fmeared with the fame 
vifcid exudation, of which no other part of the plant poM es 
the fmalleft particle.. Leaves longer than the Item, ftriated on 
the outfide. Stigmas campanulately arranged, inner lips dlv ^ r jT 
cately bifid, Clofely allied to Iris bituminofa, but eafily dii- 
tinguifhed from it by not having the root-leaf fpirally rolled; 
is alfo a much fmaller plant. r 

Found at the Cape, by Thunb erg, in the fandy fpots or 
Saldanha-Bay, near Lofper's-Farm. Introduced amongft us 
by Edward Woodford, Efq. Vauxhall, where our figure 
was taken in the month of June 1801. G« 


' I 588 3 

Lachenalia Ouadricolor. Four- 
Coloured Lachenalia. 

Oafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia, 

Generic Character. 

Cor. 6-partita : Petala g-exteriora difformia. Capf. 3-alata ; 
loculamenta polyfperma. Sem. globofa receptaculo affixa. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

LACHENALIA quadricolor : foliis binis lineari lanceolatis 
canalicular furfum explanatis, flonbus dil- 
tantibus pedunculatis pendulis : petalis exte- 
rioribus dimidio brevioribus. 

LACHENALIA quadricolor., J acq. Icon. rar. 2. t. 388. Andr. 
Bot.Rep. i 5 /. 148. 

LACHENALIA pendula j3. Willd. Sp. PL torn. 1. p. 181. 

We have no hefitation in pronouncing this to be a very 
diftintt fpecies from Lachenalia pendula, of which Willd- 
enow confiders it only a variety. It appears indeed to us to 
have greater affinity with Lachenalia tricolor, though fuffi- 
ciently different from that alfo. The flowers chiefly differ from 
thofe of pendula, in having longer peduncles, the outer petals 
much fhorter, and the inner more fpreading at the mouth ; 
they are alfo more diftant, growing alternately on the fcape, 
which is weaker. The leaves are much longer, narrower, and 
more channelled, one of them longer than the other, and, as. 
Jacquin remarks, ercd at firft, but reclined from above the 
middle ; they come out from the bulb fiftular and fplit °P en 
as they advance, and thofe of the young offsets not opening 
at all, have very much the appearance of a different plant 
growing in the fame pot. 

In brilliancy of colours it far excels all its congeners. 

Our drawing was taken at Mr. Woodford's, Vauxhall, 
where it flowered the firft time in February 1801, from bulbs. 
imported from the Cape the preceding year. 


/*«rJ* <Ul. Pt,}, 


■>it Cot ' *#<**> #< 

C 5*9 ] 
Ixia Aristata. Salver-Flowered Ixia. 

»»4 **$ »#># * ♦ fr » 3 J i t $ »» ♦ 

Triandria Monogynia. 
Generic Charatler. — TO. A Taw - 549. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

IXIA arijiata ; fpica fubthyrfiformi, fpatha tubo 3 — 4pIo 
breviori ariftato-dentata, laciniis rotato-complanatis 
oblongis longitudine tubi, ftaminibus ereclis piftillo 
fubsequalibus. G. 

IXIA arijiata. Thunb. Dif. n. 15, prod. 9. Syfi, Veg. Murr. 
85. Gmel. Syft. Nat. 109. Nee vero Hort. Kew. aut 
Willd. Sp. PI. 

IXIA patens. Herb. Bank/, quoad fpecimen fpontaneum 

Leaves four, enfiform, nerved, acuminate, with a filiform 
cartilaginous margin : midrib prominent, inner leaf fheatbing 
the ftem nearly its whole length. Stem from a foot to two 
feet high, ftricl, round, fomewhat compreffed downwards, 
limple, or with two or three (hort patent branches. Spike 
fomewhat fcattered, with from five to nine flowers. Nearly 
allied to Ixia patens and fiexuofa, but a far more robuft plant ; 
fegments quite flat, rotate, and blunter ; fpaihe more dentate, 
lefs membranous, and the parts of fru£tiri cation more ere£t 
and collected. Scentlefs. Flowers in May. The Ipecific 
name was undoubtedly fuggefted to Thunberg by the fpathes, 
■which however he defcribes as " arijiato-dentat<e /' and we 
guefs that the inappropriate application of the word w arijiata" 
Vas in fome meafure the caufe of the miftake in Hort. Kew. 
where Spar ax is grandifiora (Ixia grandifiora> Bot. Mag. 
iVb. 541, and Ixia bulbifera, var. purpurea, Fbunb.) is taken 


for the prefent fpecies. When a weakly plant, it bears a 
ftrong prima facie refemblance to Ixi a capillaris, var. y. but 
differs in the fpathe and tube. 

In the Bankfian Herbarium we find a Cape fpecimen of this 
plant, marked Ixi a patens, placed as a fynonym by the fide of 
the one from Kew Gardens, from which the defefiption of that 
fpecies was taken by Dr. So lander. In fact, the feveral 
intermediate varieties we have fcen, lead us to fufpeft;, that 
Ixi a patens, flexuofa, and ariftata, can fcarcely be retained as 
diftinft fpecies. 

Our drawing was taken at the nurfery of Meffrs. Grim- 
Wood and Wykes, Kenhngton. 

Found by Thunberg, at the Cape, growing in moiftfandy 
places. Is very impatient of drought, and mould be fet in a 
pan of water when near flowering. Varies with white, pale 
pink, and purple-rofe-coloured flowers. 

The Ixi a leucantha of Jacquin is a variety of Ixi a patens, 
agreeing with that in proportion of the limb to the tube, but 
approaching this in fize and robuftnefs of growth. G. 

[ 590 ] 

Lachenalia Pendula. Pendulous 


Oafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characlcr. 

Cor. 6-partita. Pclala 3 extcriora difFormia. Cap/. 3-aIata: 
loculamenta polyfperma. Sent, globofa receptaculo affixa. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

LACHENALIA pendula ; foliis binis ovato-lanceolatis ereais, 
corollis cylindraceis cerriuis breviter pedun- 
culatis: petalis externis parum brevioribus, 
fpica companion. 

LACHENALIA pendula. Willd. Sp. PL t. 2. p. 180. Hort. 
Kew. 1. p. 461. Tbunb. prod. 64. Jacq. it* 
rar. 2. t. 400. Collect. 3. p. 239. Bot. fapV* 
pi. 41. Ejufque Recenf. 62. 

PHORMIUM bulbiferum. Cyrilli Neap.fqfc. 1. p. 35. '• 12 * 

Though fomewhat lefs brilliant in the colour of its flowers 
than the quadricolor, No. 588, this fpecies, from its more com- 
pact growth, forms a no lefs defirable plant. Flowers in April 
and May. Propagates eafily by offsets from its bulbs. We 
are told in Hort. Kew. that it was introduced into the royal 
colleBion by Mr. Masson, in 1774 ; but fince this time it has 
been frequently imported both from Holland and immediately 
from the Cape. Our figure was drawn from a fpecimen M 
the collection of Edward Woodford, Efq. at Vauxhall. 

In Jacquin's figure the colours are not exaQly the farne 
as ours, and the whole plant is more {lender. We were fa- 
voured, by Mr. Williams, of Turnham-Green, with a fpeci- 
men more refembling this of Jacquin's, which we fuppote w 
be a mere variety of our plant. 


C 591 ] 

Gladiolus Carneus. Flesh-Coloured ■ 

C/j/> and Order. 


Generic Character. — Fid. N os - 538 Sc 562. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms, 

GLADIOLUS cameus ; fpicadifticha, tubo curvato fpathalon- 
giore, laciniis nutantibus compreflb-ringentibus: 
lateralibus fuperioribus divaricato-patentibus 
recurvis acuminatis : infima anguftiffima. G. 

GLADIOLUS cameus. Jacq. ic. rar. t. 255. WUld. Sp. H> 
1. 213. cseteris exclufis fynonymis, 

GLADIOLUS cufpidatus. Bot. Rep. tab. 147. 

Leaves enfiform, nerved, fheathing at the bafe, fliorter than 
the item, edged with a flender white filiform cartilage. Stem 1— a 
feet high. Flowers 3 — 5, narrow fu nnel-form below the fegments. 
Upper fegment broadeft, lanceolate, concave, acuminate, con- 
volute above, where it is alfo recurved and fometimes flightty 
undulate; the three loweft narrower, nearly linear, lowelt 
ftraighter, narrowed. Differs from Gladiolus cufpidatus 
befides in colour and in being lefs waved, in having its fpathes 
more inflated and not fo convolute, fpike more decidedly 
diftich, flowers not fo upright, tube fhoner, more curved, lei* 
filiform; fegments proportionably longer, being nearly the 
length of the tube, leaves more confpicuoufly margined. 

Native of the Cape. Flowers in May and June, earlier 
than Gladiolus cufpidatus. Scentlefs; blows freely, and 
is eafily propagated either by feed or offsets. The fpike being 
too large for our page, one rank of its flowers was necefTarily 
omitted, leaving the fpathes to fhew the diftich character 
of the inflorefcence. 

Our drawing was taken at Meflrs. Grim wood and Wvkes's. 

Kenfington. G, 


iS*L&u n j t y, 

[ 59* ] 
Gladiolus Namaquensis. Thick-Leaved 


Oafs and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. — Fid. N os - 538 8c 562. 

Specific Charafter and Synonyms. 

GLADIOLUS namaquenfis, foliis coriaceis oblongiufculis ? 
margine craffa, lacinia fuprema formcato- 
concava : lateralibus rhombeo-ovatis planis : infimis conniventibus un- 
guibus convolutis. G. 

GLADIOLUS. Herb. Bank/. 

GLADIOLUS galeatus. Bot. Rep. 122. Ejufque Recenf. 15. 
(exclufis fynonymisj. 

Bulb round, flightly compreffed, refemblfng that of Gla- 
diolus alatus. Leaves four, coriaceous; inner ones gradually 
fliorter, narrower, farther fheathing ; outer one oblong ; 
fubacute, attenuated into a kind of broad petiole, ftreaked 
with 10 — 15 equidiftant, parallel, not prominent ribs, and 
furrounded by a thick, brownifli, cartilaginous border, in 
the manner of Watson i a marginata. Stem from fix inches 
to a foot high, bluntly triquetral, flexuofe, longer than the 
leaves, with a fpathe-form decurrent leaf. Flowers 3 — 12, 
nodding, large, fhcwy, fmelling like violets or orris root, ex- 
panding about May. Spathe much longer than the tube, outer 
valve fubventricofe, fubdccurrent. Corolla ringent : tube 
with the faux turbinate and very fhort ; upper fcgment oval- 
lanceolate j fide ones fhortly acute, flat, and fprcading ; lower 
ones connivcnt, propendent, unguiculate, lateral ones narrowcft, 
cuneate, fubacute, with convolute claws, lowefl oval, broader 
than its lateral ones. Parts of fructification arched-adfcendent, 
fhorter than fegmcnts. 


The Bankfian Herbarium contains a well-preferved indi- 
genous fpecimen (nearly twice the fize of the prefent) brought 
over by Mr. Masson ; here we learn that it is a native of 
that part of South Africa, called Namaqua-l.and, a considerable 
diftance from the Cape. 

A free blower, and propagates with facility both by feed 
and offsets. 

Introduced by Mr. Nevin into the garden of Mr. Alderman 
Hibbert, a Gentleman whofe munificence and urbanity leave to 
no lover of fcience a regret that fo extenfive and invaluable a 
collection {hould be the property of a private individual. G. 

*/.zy*wu-/ lid, ip £ Casks ,c '/-,v fh-/r, 


[ 593 ] 
Mor.£a Unguiculata. Long-Clawed 

MORiEA. i 

Oafs and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. hexapetaloidea, 6-partita, fubaequaliter patens laciniis baft 
parum concretis. Anther* ftigmatibus*petaliformibus vel 
fubpetaliformibus bifidis accumbentes. Cap/, oblonga obfo- 
lete trigona. Sem. numerofa. G, Vjeusseuxia ds la, 
Roche, Defer, 31. 

Oes. Radix lulhus farinaceus rotundus put amine fihrofi parallel iter 
multi-r'tmofo inclufus. Folia pauca, fapius utiicum, fijluhja a caule fupra 
longitudinaliter fjja, canaliculato-dehtfeentia, cujpide terete Jlritla terminata. 
Caulis culmaceus teres polyjlachius ad nodos foliolo jpathecformi invohtcratus, 
rami vel pedunculi axillares et terminates rarius unicus. Fl>res pedicellati 
braEleis inclufis difcreti, fuccejjive prodeunles involucre fpathaceo fajciah. Co- 
rolla fugax involuto-tnarcejcens (jemperne?) 1 acini a geniculate unguibus fub- 
ereclis vel fubrotata genubus et unguibus obfoletis, 3 interiores modofed rarif- 
fime defunt. Filament a vel haji tantum vel medio tenus vel omnino cunicuiato- 
connata. Stigmata in mnnullis imminuta vix petatifonnia at nunquatn non 
fijjet. £htandoque Jlerilejcunt pedicelli. G. 

Ah Iridi (praterquam habitu) laciniis baud in tubutn connatis apprime 
dijlinguenda. G. 

MORMA carulea> fpiralis (Bot. Mag.) melakuca, et pufilla ad Aris- 
team revocanda. G. 

Specific Characler. 

MOR./EA unguiculata; imberbis, laminis interioribus parvis 
tridentato-partitis : exterioribus obovatis fubacutis 
unguium anguftarum longitudine, hlamentis om- 
nino coalitis ungues aequantibus. G. 

When we obferved in No. 577, that the corolla of Mo rje a 
decayed by twilling itfelf fpirally into a column, we then intended 


that name for another genus, and to have adopted that of 
Vieusseuxia for this, fo that the remark is now inappro- 
priate to Moraea ; a genus fo named by Miller from his 
friend Robert More, Efq. whom he ftates to be learned in 
various branches of natural hiftory, and particularly in that of 
botany*; the fpecies on which he founded it was Moria vegeta. 
Thofe that have regulated us in the prefent effemial character 
are Iris ciliata t minula l tripctala, fpathacea, ramofaf angnjla> 
fcfacea, pavoma, crijpa, tricitfpis, (Bot. Mag. No. 168.) viHofa, 
(Bot. Mag. No. 571.) unguiculata y papilionacea, edulis, trifiis, 
(Bot. Mag. No. 577.) polyftachia? vifcaria, (Bot. Mag. No. 
587.) biiuminofa. Morjea juncea, vcgeta, (iriopetalee Willde- 
novii varietates) collina et elegant (Hort. Schcenb.) 

Our prefent plant, fo nearly allied to tricufpis and villofa y 
differs from both, in not being bearded and in having its 
claws much narrower and equal to the laminae of the largert 
fegments, and from the latter, moreover, in not having a pu- 
befcent leaf and Item. 

Introduced from the Cape by Mr. Alderman Hibbert, at 
whofe garden our drawing was taken, and where alone, we 
believe, it is at prefent to be found. Flowers in May. Pro- 
pagates in the manner of Mor#,a villofa. 

This genus is certainly one of the molt elegant divifions of 
the whole natural order, but from the extreme delicacy of the 
corollas of its fpecies ill calculated for the Herbarium, in which 
fcarcely any thing but the leaf and ftera can be recognized, 
hence good figures from living fpecimens become the more 
defirable. G. 

•Prcfeflbr Thunberg, in his Diflertatton on Mor^a, mentions the name 
as given by Linnjeus in honour of Johannes Morbus, M. D. at Fahlun ; 
but this muft be a miftake, Linn^us having avowedly adopted the genua QA 
the fole authority of Miller's Dictionary. 

[ 594 ] 
Ixia Crateroides. Crimson Ixia. 

Clafs and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Charatler. — Vid. No. 549. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

IXIA crateroides; pauciflora, foliis gramineis, tubo breviflimo 
fpatham fcariofam patentem vix sequante, limbo hemif- 
phserico-campanulato : laciniis ovalibus firniulis, ftig- 
matibus antheras fuperantibus. G, 

\X\k fpeciofa. Bot. Rep. tab. 186. 

IXIA campanulata. Herb. Bank/. 

Bulb irregular, of a more fucculent fpongy fubftance, and 
not fo farinaceous as ufual in the genus. Leaves 5 — 6, 
graCs-like, fmooth, with a flightly prominent midrib, fhorter 
than the ftem. Flowers 1 — 2, rarely three, upright, largifli, 
fcentlefs. Stem fimple, round, wiry, from fix inches to a foot 
high. Spathes fcariofe, denticulately fplit, patent ; tube feveral 
times fhorter than the limb, fcarcely equal to the fpathe. Limb 
fubfphieroid-bell-ihaped, fegments feparate to the tube, oblong- 
oval, bluntifh, fomewhat concave, mining, of a more fub- 
ftantial confiftence than in mod fpecies, deep crimfon 
on the infide, on the out purplifh-red, traverfed longitudi- 
nally by a paler {tripe. Filaments upright, patent, much 
fhorter than limb, about the length of the anthers, purplifh. 
Stigmas recurved, feparated but little beyond the fummits of 
the anthers, which they generally overtop. Out of many 
hundred fpecimens, both indigenous and from our own gardens, 
this is the only one we have ever feen with fo many as three 
flowers, though the fpecies is as liable as its congeners to vary 
in fize of leaf and height of ftem. Does not bloffom fo freely 
as many others, perhaps requires tenderer treatment. Flowers 
in July. Propagates abudantly by offsets. A pot of them 
exaclly refembles a pot of our common graffes. Found, ac- 
cording to. Mr. Nevin, at the Cape, in fandy fpots near the 
twenty-four rivers. 

Our figure was taken at Mr. Colville's nurferv, in tne 
KingVRoad, Chelfea. G. 


? <**«*& m p u i if TCurhs 

C 595 ] 
Lapeyrousia Corymbosa. Level-Topped 


Glafs and Order. 

Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characlcr. 

Cor. hypocrateriformis : tubas gracillimus in fau:em turbinatam 
, recto-continuam fenfini dilatatus : limbus 6-partitus laciniis 

regulanbus vei parum irregularibus. Stam. ere6la. Sttgm. 

tria, gracilia, bifida, patentia. Sem. numeroia. G. 

O B s . Plan tula fpitbamea vix ttnquam pedates. Radix hulbus can't co-cam- 
fanulatus tegument o putamineo reticulato-rimofo bafi dentato-multifido proatate 
uno vet plurimis imbricatim aggejiu teclus. Caulis fapius ?ra joins fpathifoe 
dec ur rent t bus aiato-anceps vet triqueter t rigidus (exficcato fubtigneo) rantcfus 
tnodo ramulofus frutkutam emutans. Folia eififormin, nefjoja, ad marginem 
tntimam bq/m verfus conniventer fjjilia, in Lapeyrousia fiffifolia apice 
tenus Juhplana debifcunt, bine tranjverfo-paginata cauli obvftfant. In nonnullii 
preferttm fpontaneis fpatbarum carina et ftliarum margints flrigofa. La- 
peyrousia juncea ab babitu prafato plurimum recedit,fpecies forte nimis 
difparilh, novi generis primordium ? Spica in LAPEYROUSIA iafciculata 
fafciculato-contraclafpathaque univalves. G. 

Ab Ixia et Gladiolo Jligmatibus bifid: s, a Wat SON I A for thus 
reclis jeminibufque non angulato-oblongis, a MoR^A tubh a WlTSENIA 
Jligmatibus trinis difcrepat. G. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms, 

LAPEYROUSIA corymbofa fcapo ancipiti nmulofo, rami* 
corymbofo-paniculatis furftim pauciflori- 
geris, limbo regulari tubo cum fauce bre- 
viore, ftaminibus paten tiffimis. G. 

IXIA corymbofa. Sp. PL 51. Amatn. Acad. 4. 300. Thanh. 
Dtff. n. 10. (exclufo fyn. dela Roche) prod. 
9. Murr. Sy/l. Veg. 84. lloutt. Ltnn. Pfl. 
Syfi. 11. 27. /. 77. /. 1. Jacq. ic. rar. 2. 
/. 288. Coll. 4. 179. JVilld.Sp. PL 1. 199. 

IX I A crifpifolia Bot. Rep. tab. 35. 

CARYOPHYLLUS monomotapenjis. Phi. Aim. 87. /. 275. /- 1. 

A genus firft propofed by the Abbe Pourret, in a tracT: 
contained in the third volume of the Tranfa&ions of the Aca- 

demy of Sciences and Inscriptions of Thouloufe, to which he 
has fince added further explanation, in the thirty-fifth volume 
of the Journal de Phylique, p. 431. The fpecies that ferved 
him for his foundation was Lapeyrousia (Gladiolus, 
Thanh.) anceps, his comprejfa, the only one known to him, and 
which he ftates to be an aboriginal of the Ifle of France, 
adding, that his fpecimen was tranfmitted by Commerson to 
Thouin, and by the latter to himfelf; thus the miftake in 
the habitat lies between the three; for it is certainly a native 
of the Cape, and not of the Ifle of France. The generic 
name he gives in honour of Picot, then Baron de la Peyrouse, 
fince Infpe6lor of the Mines of the French Republic and Affo- 
ciate of the National Inftitute, well known by his works on 
the Natural Hiftory of the Pyrenees; — not to be confounded 
with the celebrated but ill-fated navigator, known by the title 
of Compte de la Peyrouse. 

The fpecies on which we have conflru&ed our generic cha- 
racter are as follow : Galaxia pit cat a y Jacq. (Ixia betero* 
phylla, JVilld. our Lapzyrou si a fafciculata) Gladiolus//?/- 
catusy Linn, Jit. Ixia corymbqfa, Linn. Gladiolus anceps, 
Linn. fit. Gladiolus fJfifoIius> Jacq. Gladiolus filenoides, 
Jacq. Gladiolus junceus, Linn. fiL 

The prefent fpecies varies greatly in number of branches, 
ihicknefs and height of Item, breadth and even crifpature of 
leaves ; alfo, with white and plain blue flowers. The white 
variety we have never feen, but know it to be in the collection 
of Mr. Hibbert. Scentlefs. 

Found by Thunberg in fandy fpots and roads about 
Swartland, at the Cape of Good Hope. Neither he nor 
Jacouin obferved its bifid ftigmas, which the former de- 
fcribes as globular, an appearance they often afllime in a dried 

Our drawing was taken at the garden of G. Hibbert, Efq. 
at Clapham. Is as yet an exceeding rare plant. Flowers in 
May. G. 5 V 



[ 596 ] 

CraI^va Fragrans. Sweet-Scented 

< ♦♦ » ♦ j m k ♦ ♦ '♦ ♦ $ < i * ^ ♦ 

CAz/j tf/jj Order. 
Dodecandria (refiius Polyandria) Monocynia. 

Generic Character. 
Cal. 4-fidus. Cor. 4-petala aut o. Bacca l-locularis polyfperma. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms, 

CRAT 7EV A fragrans ,- caule volubili, corollis regularibus: 
petalis longiffimis undulatis, pedunculis capitato- 
racemofis terminalibus teretibus. 

CRAT^EVA mofchata. Herb. Bank/. 

CRAT^EVA capparoides. Bot. Rep. pi. 176. 

Capparis and Cratseva are fc> nearly related, that it is not 
eafy to find characters which will always diftinguifh them. 
Even in the artificial fyffem, they ought not to have been fe- 
parated into different claffes, moll of the fpecies being poly- 
androus. Perhaps the only diflin&ion in the parts of fructi- 
fication is, that in Cratasva the ftamens are attached to the 
column fupporting the germ, whereas in Capparis they are 
attached to the edge of the receptacle. A flight difference, 
as the column itfelf is an elongation of the centre of the 
receptacle. In the habit of the plants there is this effential 
diftinclion, that in every fpecies of Capparis the leaves are 
fimple, in Crataeva ternate. 

The C r at av a fragrans has feveral climbing ftems, extend- 
ing 10 — 20 fcet t with a multitude of branches. Leaves alter- 
nate, petioled, trifoliate ; leaflets ovate, entire, mining, 
Ihortly petioled. The flowers grow in bunches on long 
peduncles from the extremities of the branches, nodding whillt 
in bud. Calyx confifis of four ovate-acuminate, concave, 


equal leaves, deciduous. Petals four, very narrow, long- 
clawed, limb undulated and convolute towards the bafe, re- 
gularly patent. Stamens many, longer than calyx, lhoner 
than petals, attached to the receptacular column near its bafe, 
incurved. Proper ftyle o. Stigma annular. Germen fup- 
ported upon a receptacular column, longer than the Itamens, 
one-celled? containing many feeds Fruit has never yet 
ripened with us. The flowers are of fhort duration, but come 
in fucceflion for fome weeks, very fragrant, approaching in 
fmell to the fruit of the pine-apple (Bromelia ananas). 

Firft difcovered in Africa, by our particular friend, Dr. 
Adam Afzelius, Botanical Demonftrator to the Univerfity 
of Upfal, who never met with it but twice, once in the Ifland 
of Bananas, in April, when it was in full flower, and afterwards 
at Sierra-Leone, near Free-Town, towards the mountains, 
in January, when the feeds were ripe. In both places it 
grew near water on rifing and rocky ground, covering the 
rocks for a confiderable extent with its widely-fpreading Items 
and twining branches. He gave the feeds to T. Evans, Efq. 
Stepney, to whofe liberality every pofTeffor of this valuable 
acquifition to the ftove is indebted. Is propagated eafily by 
cuttings, but to thrive well requires more room for its roots 
than a pot. 

It is at the defire of Dr. Afzelius that we have given it 
the fpecific name of fragrans, that of capparoides, eq-ially ap- 
plicable to other fpecies of Cratasva, though haftily given by 
him to Mr. Evans, as fomething to remember it by, being 
never intended for publication. 

Our drawing was taken at the garden of Edward Wood* 
ford, Efc.. at Midfummer iSqu 



In which the Latin Names of the f 
Plants contained in the Sixteenth % 
Volume are alphabetically ar- 4 
ranged. ♦ 


561 Antholyza anhiopica. 
576 Babiana plicafa. 
583 villofa. 

564 Cacalia coccinea. 
551 Campanula azurea. 

565 Clematis Viticella. 
596 Crataeva fragrans. 
568 Cyanella capenfis. 

572 Epidendmm cochleatum. 
580 Erica glauca. 
586 Gladiolus alatus. 

591 , _ carneus. 

582 cufpidatus. 

562 gracilis. 

574 hirfutus. 

Sgz namaquenfis. 

567 . quadrangularis. 

578 — recurvus. 

556 versicolor. 

569 Watfonius. 

577 Iris triftis*. 

571 villofa*. 

587 vifcaria*. 

589 Ixia ariftata. 

570 — — capillaris, var. gracillima. 

594 crateroides. 

584 — excifa. 
566 falcata. 

549 — maculata, <var. viridis. 
573 radiata. 

590 Lachenalia pendula. 
588 quadricolor. 

595 Lapeyroufia corymbofa. 
554 Maflbnia enfifolia. 

559 muricata. 

558 Melanthium junceum. 
593 Moraea unguiculata. 

552 Nymphsa casrulea. 
579 Pelargonium pinnatum. 
563 Phlox ftolonifera. 

560 Robinia glutinofa. 
550 Samyda rofea. 
585 Stapelia grandiflora. 
575 Trichonema cruciatum. 
557 Trifolium fpadiceum. 
581 Tritonia fqualida. 

553 Watfonia plantaginea. - 
555 Zinnia tenuiflora. 


In which the Englilh Names of the 
Plants contained in the Sixteenth 
Volume are alphabetically ai- 
% ^nged. 

% PL 

£ 561 Antholyza, flag-leaved. 

fy 583 Babiana, crimfon. 

* ^^6 fweet-fcented. 

y 564 Cacalia, fcarlet-flowered. 

* 551 Campanula, azure. 

* 569 Corn -flag, dwarf Watfon's. 


rofe-coloured hairy. 


Anall changeable. 





wing -flowered. 

? 579 Crane's-bill, pinnated. 
^590" Crataeva, fweet-fcented. 
ty 568 Cyanella, purple-flowered. 
•£572 Epidendrum, purple- flowered. 
^ 587 Flag, bird-limed* 

J 59* 

t 562 
$ 55 5 


59 2 
* 578 

1 586 

£ 577 dull-coloured*. 

A 57i hairy*. 

■*■ 580 Heath, glaucous, 
y^ -594 l x i a > crimfon. 

a 584 dwarf. 

X 549 — green-ftained. 

•^573 nodding-flowered. 

4 589 falver-flowered. 

v ^$6 fickle-leaved. 

4 57° flender. 

* 588 Lachenalia, four-coloured. 
^> ^90 . — pendulous. 

*% 595 Lapeyroufia, level-topped. 
4. 559 Maflbnia, prickly-leaved. 
$ 554 trumpet-flowered. 

* 558 Melanthium, rulh-like. 
% 593 Moraea, long-clawed. 
A 563 Phlox, creeping. 

* 560 Robinia, clammy. 

Y 550 Samyda, rofe-coloured. 
a 585 Stapelia, great-flowered. 

* 557 Trefoil, bay-coloured. 

i> 575 Trichonema, channel-leaved* 
£ 581 Tritonia, fweet-fcented. 
% 565 Virgin's-bower, purple. 
Q 552 Water-lily, blue. 

* 553 Watfonia, fmall-flowered. 
^ 555 Zinnia, flender-flowered. 

Belong to the Genus Moh*a, as now fettled. 

Printed by S. Couchman, Tbrogmorton-Street, London.