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Botanical Magazine; 

O R, 

Flower-Garden Difplayed : 

The molt Ornamental Foreign Plants, cultivated in the 
Open Ground, the Green -Houfe, and the Stove, are 
accurately reprefented in their natural Colours. 


Their Names, Clafs, Order, Generic and Specific Characters, according 

to the celebrated Linnjeus ; their Places of Growth, 

and Times of Flowering : 




Intended for the Ufe of fuch Ladies, Gentlemen, and Gardeners, as 
wiih to become fcientifically acquainted with the Plants they cultivate. 



Fellow of the Linnean Society. 


The Flowers, which grace their native beds, 

Awhile put forth their blufhing heads, 

But, e'er the clofe of parting day, 

They wither, fhrink, and die away : 

But these, which mimic fkill hath made, , 

Nor fcorched by funs, nor killed by (hade, 

Shall blufh with lefs inconftant hue, 

"Which art at pleafure can renew. Lloyd. 

Printed by Stephen Couchman, Throgmorton-Street. 

Publifhed by Sherwood, Neely, & Jones, 20, Paternqfter-Row, 

And Sold by the principal Bookfellers in Great-Britain and Ireland. 



"■"Jdwarc&De?. ■ hr&r WalvorZ&No v. / fBft. 

C 1419 ] 

Pancratium amboinense. Amboyna 

Clafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Inflor. umbellata in fcapo terminalis Jpatha bi-pluri ?-valvi, 
rarius uniflora. Cal. 0. Cor. fupera, inferne tubulofa limbo 
fexpartito radiatim patente. Fit. tubi fauci impofita, ere&o- 
divergentia, deorfum a corona variae profunditatis turbinato- 
connexa. Anth. inrroverfo-verfatiles. Germ, poly-definiteve 
oligo-fpermum. Stylus fubulato-elongatus, tereti-trigonus, in- 
clinato-aflurgens. Stig. 1 fimplex, 3-ve linearia. Cap/. 3-loc> 
3-valv., valvis medio feptigeris. Sem. plurima-pauca vel abortu 
folitaria, fepti margini interiori annexa; G. 

Obs. Radix tunicato-bulbofa ; folia radicalia bifaria vel ambient ia, 
convoluto-ligulata, modo ianceolata i raro petiolata lamina orhiculata ; flores 
ere fit limbo rariffime nutante. Seminum tejla minus Jape atricolor. ^uaji 
monadelphum Crinum. Ad Amaryllides quafdam accedit fimbria 
donat as fauci ali. Differt N a R c 1 s s o quod in eo corona fauci s ipji breviora 
includat Jlamina t nee colliget longiora, G. 

Specific Char ail er ami Synonyms. 

PANCRATIUM amboinenfe ; (petiolatifolia ; muliifiora ;) 
foliis pluribus, ambientibus, petiolis femicylindrico-cana- 
liculatis lamina (modo maxima ac tranfverfe latiori) cordato- 
orbiculata nervis concentrice Coftata cum brevi acumine; 
fcapo fubtereti, iis longiori ; umbella fpatham fatis ex- 
fuperante ; pedicellis corolla brevioribus faepius brafteis 
interftinftis ; corolla hypocrateriformi ; germine elliptico 
obfolete trigono laevigato loculis difpermis; tubo hoc 
anguftiore, ftriBo, rotunde trigono, furfum vix dilatefcente, 
laciniis parum longiore ; limbo flellato laciniis extimis 
lanceolatis paulo anguftioribus, intimis fpathulato-lanceo- 
latis lamina fubrhombeo-ovata ; corona ftaminilega parva 
laciniis fub 4-plo breviore fubfemi-fexfida, 12-dentata 
(e dilatatis et utrinque dente prafixis filamentorum bafibus 
femicoalitis conftmcla ;) filamentis fubdeclinato-divergenti- 
bus corolla fub una quarta brevioribus ; ftylo parum lon- 
giore pun&o ftigmatofo obtufulo fad lentem) puberulo. G. 


PANCRATIUM amboinenfe. Linn. Sp. PL ed. 2. 1. 41 g* 

(exclufa var. /3. cum Trewii Synon.). Mill. Diel. ed. 8. n. 5. 

Hort. Kew. 1. 413. ed. 2. 2. 220. Bauer's Sketches in Cod. 

Bank/. IVtlld. Sp. PL 2. 45. 
P. ncrvijolium. Parad. Londin. tab. 84. 

P. fpatha multiflora, fol. ovatis nervofis. Mill. Bicl. ed. 7. n. 5. 
CRINUM nervofum. L'Herit. Sert. Angl. 8. Gmel.SyJl. Nat. 

7. 538. IVilld. Sp. PI. 2. 47. 
NARCISSUS amboinenfis, folio latiflimo rotundo, floribus 

niveis inodoris. Comm. Hort. Amjl. 1. 77. tab. 39. Rudb. 

Ely/. 2. 238./ 17. 
C/EPA fylveftris. Rumph. Amboin. 6. 160. tab. jo.f. 1. 

Desc. Bulb fabglobofe, integuments pale-brown; lamina 
of the leaves bright green, fometimes little lefs than a foot 
broad, nerves on the upper furface deprelTed-lineate, on the 
lower prominent-coftate, periphery deflex ; Jpathe whitifh ; 
germen green mining, fometimes with three white prominent 
fillets, corolla pure white, greenifh towards the bafe of the 
tube, about three inches long. Requires to be kept in the 
itove, where it blooms about July. Mr. Brown, in his very 
valuable Prodromus of the Flora of New-Holland, obferves 
that this fpecies differs from its congeners in having a germen 
with difpermous cells, as well as by a crown that is lix-parted 
to the bafe. In our plant this lafi: charaQer was not prefent, 
the dilated bafes of the filaments cohering for nearly half the 
length of the crown they formed ; fuch feems alfo to have been 
the cafe in the fpecimen delineated, accompanied with a dif- 
feciion of the corolla, by Mr. Bauer, in the firft volume of 
his " Sketches" in the Bankfian Collection. We entirely agree 
with the author of the Paradifus Londinenfis, in the opinion, that 
this is the fpecies defcribed and figured by Rumphius, although 
there is no appearance of the fmall ftaminilegous crown in his 
engraving. Monf. L'Heritier exprefsly notices the dilated 
bafes of the filaments in his defcription of Crinum nervofum, 
citing Rumphius's figure for a fynonym ; and we fufpect that 
he was induced to feparate his plant from the amboinenfe of 
Linnaeus, merely on account of that author's having added 
Trew's figure, as his variety p. ; a figure which undoubtedly 
belongs to a very diftinft fpecies from his variety «. ; which is 
our prefent plant. The Bankfian Herbarium contains a very 
perfed fpecimen of our fpecies from the Ifland Amboyna, 
which had been received from Mr. Christopher Smith. 

Our drawing was made at Mr. Vere's garden, Kenfington- 
Core. The plant from which Commelin's plate was taker* 
was brought to the Amfterdam garden from Batavia. 

L'Heritier gives the Philippine Iflands as the native 
place of his plant. G. 


[ 1 4 20 ] 

Allium pallens. Pale-flowered Garlic. 
4M|HMt -rt ♦♦♦♦ ♦ $ Mh|hJhMh|h|* 

Clafs and Order, 
Hexandria Monogynia, 

Generic Character, 
F/flwumbdlati. Spatbabivzlvis (arekens ; modounivalvis. (7.) 
in fcapo terminalis. Cor. infera, fexpartita, asqualis, patens. 
Stylus 1. Stigma 1. Cap/. 3-loc, 3-valv., polyfperma. Jaff. 
Gen. 53. Sem. pauca atra. Embryo periphcricus dimidio al- 
bumine longior, curvatus aut fpiralis. Garln. Sem. 1. 56. 

Obs. aut plana ; flares denfe aut laxe umbcUati quandoque 
hulbiferi non capjulares ; filamenta falterna G.J quorumdum tricufpidata 
media cufpide anthcrifera. Bulbus fpbariceus t cyiindricus vrt compofitus, 
Germinatio Asphodel 1. JufT*. loc. cit. 

Specific Character and Synonyms, 
ALLIUM pallens ; (capfulare ; filamenta fimplicia ; fo'iatio 
fijlulofa ,-) bulbo globofbp) ramidato ; foliis lub- 
trinis deorfum alte vagtnantibus icabriu!'cule 
nervofis, laminis remou^ lineari attenuates cana- 
liculato-depreffis ; caule ftricio tereti ; fpatha 
bivalvi ovato-caudata valva altera umbellam bis 
terve exfuperante ; umbella numerofa laxa peri- 
pheriam verfus pendulo effufa, pcdicellis capillari- 
bus flore pluries longioribus 5 corolla cyaihi- 
campaniformi demum patentiori ; laciniis obo\ ato* 
oblongis ifometris, fubtruncatis cum aliqua rotun- 
ditate, integerrimis; ilaminibus corolla? aeqaalibus ; 
fiiamentis i'ubulatis ban* brevitcr inter ie et cum 
corolla connatis, anlheris curtis iucumbentibus ; 
germine ovali hexagono corolla parum breviore 
vertice anguftato vhidiflimo ; ftylo breviffimo vix 
denuo in dimidium germinis longitudinis excrcf- 
cente apiculo ftigmatofo inconfpicuo. G. 
ALLIUM pallens, Linn. Sp. PL ed. 2. 1, 428. (exslujis Hal- 
lero et Bauhino s ) SyJL. Vtg. Murr. ed, 14. 322. 
Gouan. llluftr, 24. Allion. pedem, 2. 157. n. 1875. 
Desfont. F/or. At!. 1. 290. Lam, et Decand. f/or. 
Franc. 3. 227. I Fort. Krzv. 1. 425. ed. 2. 2. 235. 
(excluf. Syn, Red.) Loifel. Deflong. Fior. Gall. 1. 1 95. 
Willi. Sp. PL 2. 72 ; (cxcl. paffim Hall, et Baub.J 
ALLIUM longifpathum, Li/, a Redout K tab, 316. 


ALLIUM caule teretifolio umbellifero, umbella globofa, fila- 
mentis fubulatis. Gerard Gall. Prov. 152. ». 7. 
unite tamen refpeftu varietatis i mm - 

A. montanum bicorne {lore obfoletiore. Bauh, Pin, 75. Tourtt. 

Infl. 384. 
A. montanum IV ; fpecies II. Cluf. Hijl. 1. 194. 

Differs from paniculatum in being generally a far taller and 
more robuft plant ; by flowers of dirty yellowifh white and not 
pale rofe colour ; by thefe having no fcent ; by a lefs tur- 
pinately contracted corolla, the outer fegments of which are 
neither emarginate nor fomewhat fhorter; by a germen that is 
more than half the length of the corolla, and not narrow tur- 
binate with an apex broadly depreffed ; by ftamens that do not 
at all overtop the fegments, as well as by a ftyle that is never 
equal to the germen in length; hom flavum (fee above, No. 1330) 
in colour of the flowers, the fegments of which are not ovate 
as in that fpecies, where the ftamens are befides nearly twice 
the length of the corolla. The Hem in our prefent plant was 
nearly three feet high. We omitted Brotero's pallens> as he 
describes the fpathe but little longer than the umbel ; alfo 
that of Redoute, as being certainly diftinft from our plant, 
and nearer to what we coniider as paniculatum^ which will be 
publiihed in the fucceeding Fafciculus. We mould have 
deemed the fpecies a mere variety of carinatum ,- but find that 
it has been reckoned diftincl, not having bulbs intermixed with 
the umbel ; a circumftance that we are perfuaded is very 
unliable, even in this genus. We have omitted the ufually 
recurrir.g fynonym from Haller, as belonging to fiavum ; 
and have fubftituted another to the Handing one from 
B uhin, which pointed to a plant " flore odoro." Native 
of the South of France, Piedmont, and the Coaft of Barbary. 
Monf. Loiseleur Deslongchamps fpeaks of it as being 
rarely found in the country about Paris. Introduced in 1779> 
by the Abbe Pourret. 

Our drawing was made from a plant in Mr. Haworth'* 
collection. G. 


No. -771, lin. 8, from bottom of the page, for " inner" read «« outer." 

No. 86c, lin. 16. poft " 1." infere " 195." 

No. a 418, pag. alt. 1. a pag. pede 2, pro « Tbunb. Linn. In" lege « Thnh t 

in Linn." 
No. 1416. pag. ah. 1. 12 ; pro « herbacea" lege « herbaceo." 


JjrX*£d*„<k2> e l. -p My j CurZur *>&,„& . j : . , 



C 1421 ] 

Arthropodium paniculatum. Panicled 

#i ft ft ft ft ft ♦$ ft ft ftft ft ft ftft ft # 

Clafs and Order* 


Generic Character. 

Cor. fexpartita, patens, laciniis interioribus margine undu- 
latis v. fimbriatis : decidua. Ft'/, barbata. Anth, bafi emarginatas 
infertas. Germ, loculis polyfpermis. Stylus hliformis. Stigma 
hilpidulum. CapJ. fubglobofa, 3-loc, 3-valv., valvis medio 
feptigeris. Sew. pauca, fubangulata, umbilico nudo. Embryo 
curvatus. Brown Prodr. Flor. Nov. Holland. 1. 276. 

Obs. Herbas glabra. Radix fafciculata, e hulbis nunc pedicellath 
fibrfjve crajfis. Folia linearia, jlaccida. Racemi laxi. Pedicelli aggregati 
v. joiitarii s medio articulati. F lores penduli purpura] centes v. albi ; corolla 
po/t antbejin conniventi et longe ante fruclus maturitatem decidua^ baft cyathi~ 
forrni emarcida rernanente. Anther 3£ purpurea v. albicantes. Antherico 
p'oximum genus. Brown 1. c. E Ph ALAN Gio (Jupra No. gi^J nee cha- 
raclere nee habitu vel nota quaqua, uti nobis videtur, je excerpens ; ibi enim 
filamenta modo pube Jiipantur, ut in bicolori Lit. a Redoute y tab. 2 1^ ; 
(q. e. Anthvricum planifolium Willd. Sp. PL 2. 136^. Liliaitrum 
(Anthericum ; Jupra No. 318) ad HemeroCallidem rtflius 
amandari jupra No. 816 fubmonuimus. G. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

ARTHROPODIUM paniculatum y raceme- divifo : pedicellis 

aggregatis, corollas laciniis interioribus 
crenulatis, caplulis penciulis, bulbis pe- 
diceliatis. Brown I. c. Hort. Kew. ed. 2. 
2. 271. 

ANTHERICUM paniculatum. Bot. Repofit. tab. 395. Dry- 

ander Chloris &Y. in Ann. of Bot. 2. 

ANTHERICUM milkfiorum. Lil. a Redout}, tab. 58. 

Descr. Radical leaves few, divaricate, gramineous, folded- 
channelled ; Jtem (in our plant two feet highj ieveral times 

longer j 

longer ; raceme panicled lax, partial ones folitary or in pairs ; 
flower-faf tides numerous, rather diliant, 2 — 4-flowered, in- 
clining in the fame direction ; outer fegments of the corolla firm, 
oval-lanceolate, concave, acute ; inner tender, three times 
broader, with deflected fides and crenulately eroded margin; 
filaments naked for the length of the gennen, to which they 
are bent ; germen elliptic-globular, obfcurely tritorofe, three- 
furrowed, with a line down each protuberance, four times 
fhorter than the (iyle. Native of New South- Wales ; whence 
it was introduced by the Prefidentof the Royal Society in 1800- 
A perennial plant; generally kept in the greenhoufe ; but the 
fpecimen from which our drawing was made, feemed to thrive 
in Mr. Haworth's garden full as well, in the open border at 
the foot of a wall with a fouthern afpefi, where it flowered 
mod part of the fummer. 

We fufpecl: that this genus cannot ultimately be kept up as 
diftinQ; from Phalangium; but muft be reduced to that as 
the firft conftituted; they both agree in the one-jointed pedicle. 



C H 22 ] 


7 1 ^7 1 <■ v,< *p v^c ^» tj* v,< VjV vf: vjr v^ v^* vp i^">^"y^™^-i^r 

Oafs and Order. 


Generic Character. 
Cai. 5-phyllus. Petala 5. Styli o. Cap/, polyfpermse. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

P/EONIA humilis ; foliis biternatis, foliolis tripartito-laciniatis 
fubtus fubvillofis, capfulis ere&iufculis pilofis 
[glabriufculis S.J Retz. Obf 3. p. 35. 

P^EONIA hifpanico femine nata f. II da - Cluf. Hijl. 1. p. 279. 

P^EONIA tenuis laciniata, fubtus pubefcens flore purpureo. 
Batth. Pin. 323. Mori/. Hifi. 3. p. 455. § 12. /. 1. 
/. 8. 

P/EONIA femina hifpanica pumila. Park, Herb. p. 1379. 
Lob. Ic. 683, 

The dwarf Peony differs from P. peregrina t No. 1050, 
chiefly in having its leaves more finely divided, glaucous 
above, and clothed with a foft pubefcence underneath ; its 
leaflets are more acute and more incifed ; the germens are 
nearly fmooth, having only a few thinly fcattered fhort hairs, 
whereas in peregrina they are quite woolly. 

This fpecies feems to have been well known to the older 
Botanifts, but was never correclly defcribed till taken up by 
Retzius. With his ample description our plant correfponds 
in every refpeft, except that, in his fpecific character, he has 
cap/ulis pilojis ; in his full defcription, however, he fays the 
capfules are but (lightly hairy (parum pilofc). 

Suppofed to be a native of Spain, and is perfectly hardy. 

Our drawing was taken from a fpecimen received from 
Meffrs. Chandler and Buckingham, Nurierymen at Vaux- 
hall, the latter end of April. 


rdrDel. Hilly X d 

SJanfrm J*c 

C M 2 3 ] 


% %■% dfc 4 % $#♦ <l$ ' t4H$$# 

C/j/i and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal fimplex vel duplex. Cor. irregularis vel fubregularis. 
Viipf. hivalvis, 2 locularis : difTepimentum valvis contrarium, 
retinaculis feminum uncinulatis. Vahl. 

Specific Characler. 

JUSTICIA bicolar ; (calyx fimplex corolla, fubaqualis) ped- 
unculis axillaribus trifloris petiolo brevioribus, 
foliis ovalibus acuminatis glabris, limbo corollae 
piano : tubo longiflimo. 

Descr. Stem fhrubby, branched : branches fquare with 
rounded angles. Leaves oval, acuminate, undulate and nar- 
rowed at the bafe, quite entire, fmooth on the upper ftirface 
with fimple unbranched veins, villous and pale underneath, 
with the veins more prominent and reticulate. Peduncles 
axillary, fhorter than the petiole, three- flowered. Bratles 
two, fubulate, not half the length of the calyx. Calyx fimple, 
ere&, five-parted : leaflets fubulate. Corolla nearly regular : 
tube three or four times the length of the calyx, flenderer on 
the upper part, villous : limb patent, flat, divided into five 
nearly equal fegments, the two uppermost being rather the 
narrower* and ereft, the other three looking downwards, and 
the middle one, fomewhat larger and broader pointed than the 
reft, is gibbous at the bafe, and beautifully ftained and dotted 
with carmine, the other fegments, except a few fcattered dots, 
being quite white. This irregular arrangement of the laciniae 


gives the flowers the form of thofe of Heart's-eafe. Stamens 
the length of the tube : anthers parallel. Germen oblong : Jiyie 
the.length of the tube : Jiipna bifid. 

We are informed by Mr. Robert Brown, that this fhrub 
is a native of the ifland of Luconia, in the vicinity of Manila, 
from whence it was introduced to the Kew Garden by Mr. 
William Kerk. Justicia bicolor does not feem to have 
been mentioned by any botanical writer ; the vincoides of 
Lamarck and Vahl appears to approach the nearett to it, 
but the leaves of this are defcribed as obtufe and only an inch 
in length. 

Propagated by cuttings. In the bark-Hove it bloffoms the 
greatefi: part of the fummer. Our drawing was taken from 
a fine plant in the poffeflion of MelTrs. Whitley, Brame, 
and Martin, of the Fulham Nurfery. 

Since the above article was fent to the prefs, we find that a 
figure of this plant is juft published in the Botanift's Repolitory. 
In the account there given, it is Hated that Mr. Milne raifed 
it at Font- Hill, from Weft-Indian feeds. But having been 
kindly [hewn the fpecimen fent by Mr. Kerr, from the Phi- 
lippine Iflands, we are certain that the habitat above given is 
the true one. It is mod probable, therefore, that Mr. An- 
drews was mifinformed, and that the Royal Garden at Kew 
is the veal fource from whence it has been derived. 


[ HH 3 

pentstemon pubescens (a.) latifolia. 
Broad-leaved hairy Pentstemon. 

Oafs and Order. 


Generic Cbaracler. 

Cal. 5 phyllus. Cor. 2-labiata ventricofa. Rudiment urn fila- 
menti quinti fuperne barbatum. Cap/, bilocularis. 

Specific Cbaracler and Synonyms. 

PENTSTEMON pubefcens ; caule pubefcente, filamento 

fterili ab apice infra medium barbato. 

Hort. Keiv. v. 2. p. 360. Willd. Sp. Pi. 3. 

p. 227. Mart. Mill. Did. n. 2. 
PENTSTEMON pubefcens ; caule pubefcente : foliis ferru- 

latis: filamento fterili ab apice infra medie- 

tatem barbato : corolla elongata. Michaux 

Flor. Bor. Amer. 2. p. 21. 
CHELONE Pentjiemon ; foliis amplexicaulibus, panicula di- 

chotoma. Mant. 415. 
(«.) foliis ovato-oblongis. 
DRACOCEPHALUS latifolius glaber, Lyfimacbiae lutes 

foliis. Morif Hijl. 3. p. 417. f. 11. /. 21. 

CYNORYNCHIUM nov-anglicanum digital! accedens, herba 
quadricapfularis, floribus albis ri&um ca- 
ninum referentibus. Pluk. Mant. 62? 

((3.) anguftifolia ; foliis lanceolatis. 

ASARINA caule ere&o foliis lanceolatis amplexicaulibus, 
panicula dichotoma. Miller 1c. p. 16%. t. 252. 

The genus Pentstemon appears to us to have been fcpa- 
rated from Che lone on rather flender grounds. The rudi- 
ment of the fifth filament in the latter is fhort and fmooth, in 


the former hairy and fometiines longer than the reft. In the 
preient fpecies we have often found the fifth ftamen perfect, in 
which cafe the pubefcens of the filament generally difappears : 
we have even feen fix perfect flamens in the fame flower ; fo 
that a part fo liable to vary does not feem well fuited to eflablifh 
a generic character upon. 

For the moft part the rudiment in this fpecies is hairy from 
the top to below the middle ; but fometimes the pubefcence 
barely extends fo far as to the middle. A more obvious 
diftinction is afforded by the panicle being intermixed with 
leaves, which in laevigata is nearly naked. 

Except the miferable reprefentation by Mori son, we do 
not know that the broad-leaved variety Pentstemon pu- 
befcens has ever been before figured ; there is a bad figure of 
the narrow-leaved fort in Miller's Icones. 

Native of the Alleghana mountains in North-America. 
Flowers in June and July, and ripens its feeds in the autumn; 
at which feafon Miller directs the feed to be fown. It is a 
hardy perennial or rather biennial, as, according to Miller, 
the roots feldom abide more than two years. 

Communicated from Mr. Salisbury's Botanic Garden at 




C 1425 ] 

Pentstemon laevigata. Smooth 


C/4/} aw^ Order. 


Generic Cbaracler. — /^'t/. No. 1424. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

PENTSTEMON laevigata g caule glabro, panicula fubnuda, 
filamento fterili fupra medium barbato. 

PENTSTEMON laevigata ,- caule glabro, filamento fterili 
fuperne barbato. Hort. Kezv. v. 2. p. 361. 
Mart. Mill. Dicl. n. 1. 

PENTSTEMON Uvigata. Wild. Sp. PL 3. p. 228. 

PENTSTEMON Uvigata g caule glabro : foliis laevibus, 
fubintegris : filamento llerili fuperne bar- 
bato : corolla breviore. Micbanx Ft. Bcr. 
Amer. 2. p. 21. 

CHELONE Pent/lemon. J. Fred. Mill. Icon. 4. 

CHELONE laevigata. Perfoon Synop. 2. p. 169. 

CHELONE foliis inferioribus ovato acuminatis petiolatis in- 
tegerrimis, fuperioribus amplexicaulibus 
lanceolatis dentatis, corollis patentibus bi- 
labiatis. Arduiu. Specimen. 14. /. 5. 

DIGITALIS perfoliata glabra, flore violaceo minore. Mori/. 
H1JI.2. p.479'f'5'*-Z-f- 6 - 

Pentstemon Uvigata was cultivated in Dr. Fothergill's 
garden at Upton, in 1776; but has probably been long loft to 
our gardens, till it was lately again introduced by MefTrs. 
Fraser. At leaft, we have ufually feen the narrow-leaved 
variety of pubefcens palling under the name of this in our 


BeGdes the differences mentioned in the laft article, we may 
mention that the lower lip of the corolla in this plant is more 
rolled back, the upper lip lefs fo, and the mouth gaping, which 
in pubffcens is nearly clofed. 

Native of North-America, from Penfylvania to Carolina. 
Is rather more tender than pubefcens> but fufficiently hardy to 
bear our milder winters. Both thefe plants are confidered as 
perennials, and, with proper management, may be fo ; but as 
the root ufually perifhes after the feeds are matured, they are 
perhaps more properly biennials. 

Our drawing was taken at Meffrs. Fraser's Nurfery, 
Sloane- Square. 

WaUs.-lA T>**St. ffrt 

[ 1426 ] 

Zingiber Casumunar. Casmunar or 
Hairy Ginger. 

Cfa/jr #»</ Order. 


Generic Character. 

Anthera duplex. Filamentum extra antheram elongatum, 
apice fubulatum, fulcatum. Stylus in fulco antherse receptus. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

ZINGIBER Cafumunar; caulibus ereQis, foliis feffilibus lineari- 
lanceolatis : nervo vaginaque hirtis, fpicis compatlis 
ftrobiliformibus, ne&ario bilobo crifpato. 

ZINGIBER Cafumunar. Roxl>, in Afiatic Refearches, vol. It. 

P*g- 347- iab > 7- 
CASUMUNAR. Lewis Mat. Med. p. 193. ed. ±to. 

In Auguft laft we were highly gratified with the fight of this 
very rare and curious plant, flowering probably for the firft time 
in Europe, in the ftove of James Vere, Ef'q. at Kenfington- 

Dr. Roxburgh, in his valuable account on the Scita- 
mine^e, natives of the Eaft-Indies, publifhed in the eleventh 
volume of the Afiatic Refearches, informs us that the root of 
this plant appeared both to Sir Joseph Banks and Dr. Combe 
to be the Cafmunar of the (hops; a root introduced into this 
country by Marloe, as a medicine of uncommon efficacy in 
hyfteric, epileptic, paralytic, and other nervous diforders, 
and Dr. Lewis obferves that, from its fenfible qualities, it 
feems to deferve to have been more generally ufcd, being " an 
elegant, mild aromatic, moderately warm, lightly biuerifh, in 


fmell fomewhat refembling Ginger." Its fpirituous extract, he 
fays, " fmells very agreeably, and impreHes on the organs of 
taite a grateful bitterifhnefs, and a durable glowing warmth, 
not a fiery or pungent heat." Notwithilanding thefe recom- 
mendations this drug is neverthdek gone wholly into difufe, 
and is no longer to be met with in our (hops. 

Native of the Eaft-Indies. With us an inhabitant of the 
bark-ftove. Propagated by cuttings of the root. Introduced 
by Dr. Roxburgh. 


No. 1419, pag. alt. While fpcaking of Mr. Brown's 
remark on the crown of this (pedes, we have rendered his 
words inius ad bafm ufquc diflinfl<£ by " parted to the bale ;" 
implying thereby that it is entirely feparated to the bale into fix 
Segments; while that gentleman means that it is feparated 
all the way only on the inner, but not on the outer fide. Vet 
with the obfervation in this fhape our own does not coincide; 
the crown appearing to us in fuch refpeel not to differ from 
others of the genus. G. 


C M27 ] 

Eryngium corniculatum. One-horned 


Clafs and Order. 

Pentandria Digynia. 
Generic Characler. 
Flores capitati receptaculo pabaceo. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

ERYNGIUM corniculatum; foliis ovato-Ianceolatis ; petiolis 
Mulofis, intus feptiferis; capitulis fubconicis, fpina longa 
plerumque terminatis. Delaroche Eryng. n. 23. /. 15. 

ERYNGIUM corniculatum', foliis radicalibus lanceolatis dentatis 
partitifve longe petiolatis, petiolis fiftulofis intus articulatis; 
caulinis fupremis tricufpidatis, capitulo conico fpina longa 
faepires terminato. Brotero FL lujitan. 1. p. 416. 

ERYNGIUM corniculatum. Lam. Dicl. v. 4. p. 758. Brot. 
Fl. Lufit. 1. p. 416. Perfoon Syn. 1. p. 299. 

ERYNGIUM cornutum. Bonn Cant. ed. $ta. p. 56. 

ERYNGIUM paluftre lufitanicum corniculatum. c fournef. htfL 

P- 3 2 7- 
ERYNGIUM lufitanicum paluftre, caule fiftulofo, capife cor- 

nuto Tournefortii. Moris. Hiji. 3. p. 166. Raj. Hijl. Sup. 

p. 240.^ 

Desc Stem dichotomoufly branched, rounded, filiate hol- 
low. Radical leaves (according to Delaroche) ovate, or ovate 
lanceolate, with margins either entire, more or lefs incifed, or 
dentate-finuate, on footftalks which are fiftular, having the cavity 
frequently intercepted by tranfverfe partitions. Cauline leaves 
ftem-embracing, palmate, lower ones cut into feveral fegmenti, 
upper ones trifurcate or fometimes quite fimple, ftrongly nerved 
underneath, fpinous. Heads of flowers nearly globofe, on peduncles 
either terminal, or growing from the divilions of the branches. 
Involucre of fix rigid, fubulate, channelled leaflets, fomewhat 
unequal and terminated with a fpine. From the very centre of 
the head grows a rigid fword-fhaped leaflet twice the length of the 
head, like thofe of the involucre, but broader and rather longer. 
There are fometimes two (according to Delaroche feveral) 
dorter leaflets inflead of the long one; and now and then, though 


rarely, the heads are quite deftitute of this horn. Calyx green 
five-cleft : lea/lets ovate, concave, mucrouate. Petals blue, 
fmall, concave. Stamens and fiyles longer than the corolla, 
bermens hifpid or fcaly. Receptacle conical. Chaff fpathular- 
fhapcd, mucronate. 

Our plant, which was fent us by Mr. Donn, curator of the 
Botanic Garden at Cambridge, having no radical leaves, we have 
truited to Delaroche and Brotero for the defcription of them. 

The figure and excellent account given by Delaroche leaves 
no room to doubt but that his plant is the fame with ours. And 
as this author probably had an opportunity of examining Tour- 
nefort's fpecimen, we mutt fuppofe that he could hardly be wrong 
in quoting that fynonym alfo. The fame obfervation will apply 
to Lamarck ; otherwise his defcription would not readily lead us 
to conclude that his plant was the fame; for he makes no mention 
of the remarkable roftrum terminating the capitula, but attributes 
the name to the inequality of the involucre, two or three of the 
leaflets of which he defcribes as being fo much longer than the 
reft as to give the appearance of horns. The fynonym from 
Mori son would feem ftill more dubious, as he defcribes the 
heads of flowers to be feflile; and that of Ray is only a copy of 
this laft. Delaroche has alfo quoted &. fuaveolens of Brouf- 
fonet as a fynonym; but we obferved no fragrance in the flowers, 
and the fmell of the bruifed plant was to us particularly ungrate- 
ful. Thefe feeming contradictions are however in great meafure 
reconciled by Brotero, who obferves that this plant varies 
extremely according to the foil ; that in very dry places the 
involucre becomes very fmall; the heads of flowers nearly or 
quite feflile, and lemon-fcented ; the chaff fubtrifid and much 
longer than the calyxes. This author therefore concludes that 
E. corniculatum, galioides, and odoraium of Lamarck arc mere 
varieties of the fame plant. 

This fpecies is not taken up in the new edition of Ilortus 
Kewenfis, though introduced into the country according to 
Mr. Donn in 1803. 

Native of wet and marfhy places in Portugal. Flowers in 
June, July, and Auguft. Propagated by feeds. If thefe are 
fown in the autumn, we fhould recommend the young plants to 
be proteQed from the froft, during the winter, and planted out 
in the open ground in the fpring. Brotero fays the root is 
perennial ; Donn marks it as biennial. 


*&> Wa&rorlA 

fan J&- 

[ 1 4 28 ] 

Globba sessiliflora. Sessile-flowered 


•$- ■■$ #*# -^ $$$%$$$ $ ^c- ~& %■%? 

Cldfs and Order. 


Generic Character, 

Anlhera duplex. Filamcntum lineare incurvatum, longiffimum, 
apice appendiculatum. Stylus laxus, filiformis, in medio antherae 
receptus. Stigma incraffatum. Ncftarium utrinque bifidum. 

Specific Cbaracler, 

GLOBBA fejfilifiora t appendiculo cordato, corollae laciniis 
lateralibus longioribus, fpica fubverticillata, bra&eis lan- 
ceolatis marcefcentibus. 

GLOBBA bulbifera. Roxb. in Afiai. Ref. v. 11. ? 

This appears to us to be an undefcribed fpecies of Globba 
in the form of the flower very nearly refembling Globba 
orixcnjis of Dr. Roxburgh, defcribed and figured in his 
paper on the Scitamineze, publifhed in the eleventh volume of 
the Afiatic Refearches ; from which however it fufficiently 
differs, in its feflile flowers growing in an interrupted fpike 
and in the greater length of the lateral laciniae of the corolla, 
which in orixetijis are fhorter than the reft ; and in many 
other refpefts. It may be the bulbifera of this author, but we 
have not fufficient data to determine it to be the fame. It 
certainly bears bulbs in the axils of the leaves and of the lower 

By comparing our prefent figure with that of Mantisia 
faltatoria (No. 1320) the generic differences of the two plants 
will be fufficiently evident : not only in the inflorefcencc, 
which in the one is radical, in the other cauline, but in the 
form and number of the laciniae of the corolla ; in the re- 
markable filiform appendages at the bafe of the filament in 
Mantisia, which are totally wanting in Globba, and in the 


form of the ne&arium, bifid at the lower extremity only in the 
former, and not at both as in the latter. 

Our drawing of this very rare plant was made at Mr. Vere's, 
Kenfington-Gore, from a living fpecimen received from Sir 
Abraham Hume's. It is a native of Pegu in the Eaft- Indies. 
Requires the heat of the bark ftove. Flowers in Auguft. 
Introduced by Dr. Roxburgh. 


No. i 3 20. After M a n t i s i a faltaioria, add as a fy nonym, 
Globba radicalis panicula radicali, antheris alatis. 
Afiatic Refe arches, vol. n. p. 359. 

J : -//^. 

C H*9 3 
Salvia hablitziana. Hablitz's Sage. 

C/^/j #»</ Order. 


Generic Character. 
Cor. inaequalis. Filamenia tranfverfe pediccllo affixa. 

_ Specific Character and Synonyms, 

SALVIA Hablitziana g hirfuta, foliis pinnatis : foliolis li- 

nearibus integerrimis fubverticillatis, bratteis orbiculato- 

ovatis acuminatis. 
SALVIA Hablitziana; villofa, foliis pinnatis integerrimis: 

foliolis lanceolatis fubaequalibus : fuperioribus geminatis. 

Willd. in Schrad. Bot. Journ. 1. p. 289. /. 2. Bieb. HI. 

tanrico-cauc. 1. p. 19. 
SALVIA Hab/iziana ; foliis linearibus integerrimis pubef- 

centibus feffilibus, floribus verticillato-fpicatis, bracleis 

ovatis acuminatis. Willd, Sp. PL 1. p. 129. 
SALVIA taurica. Hablizl taur, p. 207. No. 33. 
SALVIA Hablitziana. Clarke's Trav. v. 1. p. 574. cum tab. 

Descr. Stem rounded, hairy, branched at the upper parr. 
Leaves pinnate : leaflets linear, diftant, frequently growing four 
or more together in oppofite directions, fo as to give them a 
whorled appearance, generally fimple, but fometimes two or 
three are united above their bafe. Flowers feflile, growing 
many together in whorls. Bracles large, acuminate. Calyx 
very hairy, itreaked, two-lipped : upper lip truncate or ob- 
foletely three-toothed : lower lip two-toothed, acute. Corolla 
white with fpotted throat, very large : upper lip erecl, concave, 
emarginate : lower lip four-lobed. 

Willdenow, in his edition of the Species Plantarum, 
dcfcribes the leaves as fimple, but in Schrad er's Journal, he 
underftood and defcribcd them better. 


The late Profeffor Vaml confiders the Salvia fc alio fa folia 
of Lamarck, as the fame plant, attributing the native place of 
Peru afligned to it, to an error not unufual in gardens. But 
after all, the identity of thefe plants is by no means certain, 
the leaves in Lamarck's figure being pinnatifid, not pinnate, 
with the terminal leaflet much broader than the rell and tooihed. 
In the extenfive Herbarium of Mr. Lambert, we obferve 
confiderable variety in the width of the leaflets ; but none that 
refemble the figure of Lamarck's fcabiofccfolia. 

The name of this plant was given by Pali, as in commemo- 
ration of his friend Hablizl*, whofe good offices he lb often 
and pathetically mentions in his writings. Dr. Clarke and his 
companion were conducted by Pallas to this gentleman's 
manfion in the delightful valley of Tchorgana; and in return for 
the hofpitality he there met with, has given a figure of this Sage 
in his travels, and brought feeds of the fame to England, 
which he prefentcd to Mr. Donn, who kindly communicated 
fine (lowering fpecimens, from one of which our drawing was 

Native of Tauria and of Armenia. Flowers in Auguft. 
A hardy perennial ; according to Dr. Clark i, incrcafing an- 
nually in fize, till it becomes a fine tall fhrub of very great 
beauty. Propagated by feeds, or by cuttings. 

* Dr. Clarke fpclh the name Ha blitz, which, although incorrefl, 
u e adopt, for the fake of EngliQi organs of fpcech. 


[ H30 ] 

Amaryllis purpurea. Cinnabar- 
flowered Amaryllis. 

■fr-ft f % f ♦ $ ♦ ♦ fr ♦,♦ ft 1$ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 

Generic Character. — Vtd. No. 923*. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

AMARYLLIS purpurea ; (2-pauciflora ; flos inferne tuhdofus y 
obfolete irregularis ; faux nuda ;) foliis pluribus (fubfenis) 
bifariis convoluto-loratis obtufulis obfcurius reticulato- 
venofis, interioribus elatioribus fcapum ltri&um fubcom- 
preifo teretem aequantibus ; fpatha bivalvi pedicellis 
corolla 2 — 3 brevioribus longiore j germine trigono- 
oblongo ; corolla erefta infundibuliformi limbo fubrotato- 
campanulato labro extrorfum obliquato, tubo rotundate 
trigono in faucem late turbinatam hyalino-fexfeneftratam 
ifometram ampliato ; laciniis illi fubaequalibus reticulato- 
rugofulis, extimis fubrhombeo - ovatis acutulis cum 
mucrone, intimis elliptico-lanceolatis una tenia angufti- 
oribus ; ftaminibus tubo (alternis vel et citra eum) adnatis, 
erefto-patentiffimis incurvulis inclufis, alterne fubbrevi- 
oribus ; antheris erec"ro-appenfis vibratilibus ; Itylo re- 
clinate incurvulo limbum aequante ; ftigmate obfolete 
triplici, fubaperto, puberulo. G. 

AMARYLLIS purpurea. Hort. Kezv. 1. 417. ed. 2. 2. 224. 
Mart. Mill. Dicl. Bauer's Sketches in Cod. Banks. Willd. 
S P . PL u 53. 

A. elata. Jacq. Hort. Schoenb. 1.32. tab. 62. 

A. fpeciofa. L'Herit. Sert. Anglic. 12. n. 11. 

CR1NUM fpeciofum. Linn. Suppl. 195. Syjl. Veg. ed. 14. 319^ 
Thunb. Prodr. fl. cap. 59. 

Descr. Bulb ovate-oblong, larger than a turkey's egg, 
brown ; Jlem 2 — 3 feet high, as well as the leaves purple to- 
wards the bafe ; pedicles green ; fpaihe fphacelate ; flowers 
2 — 4, about three inches long, of a deep uniform blood-red 
colour ; outer fegments rounded-keeled and greenifh down the 
centre of their back ; faux connected by fix paler coloured 
fubrranfparent membranes ; filaments red ; pollen yellow ; fiyle 
pole red. Comes the neareft to longifolia 'No. 661 ) of any 
fpecies known to us ; but is very diftinft from regitta* (No. 453), 
of which L'Hiritier doubted whether it might not be a 
variety. Native of the Cape of Good Hope, whence it was 


introduced by Mr. Masson in 1774. Our drawing was made 
from a plant (hat flowered lad July, in the greenhouie at the 
nurfery of Meflrs. Middlemist and Wood, Shepherd's- 
Bufh. G. 


No. 1089. Inftead of " Amaryllis humilis (|3)." read 
" Amaryllis cokusca." Upon comparing the two plants* 
this Cummer, we are convinced that the above fhould have 
been given as a diftincl fpecies from the humilis of No. 726. 
Befides the difference in the direction, fize, and colour of the 
corolla, as well as convolution of its fegments, corufca is 
diltinguifhable by ftamens which are nearly upright and about a 
fourth longer than the corolla, inftead of being horizontal and 
about as much fhorter than the corolla, as in humilis. The 
fubjoined characters will, we think, diftinguifh the following 
clofely allied fpecies. 

Umbella multifiora ; flos fexpartitus, recttrvofubrotatus. 

corufca ; fupra No. 1089. Foliis paucis (4 ?) bifariis lineari- 
ligulatis convoluto-canaliculatis ; pedicellis fpatha bivalvi 
longioribus ; corolla eretla, laciniis fubaequalibus lanceolato- 
ligulatis ungue breviflimo, fuperne undulatis, inferioribus 
utrinque duas fummas verfus obliquatis, imis binis latius dif- 
cretis ; ftaminibus obfolete aflurgentibus parum insequalibus 
corolla una quarta longioribus, imze fiflurae appoints ; ftigmati- 
bus 3, brevibus replicatis. G. 
A. humilis. (0.) Hort. Ktw. ed. 2. 2. 229. 

humilis ; fupra No. 726. Corollae laciniis lineari-lanceolatis 
fpathulato-convolutis undulatis, lateralibus utrinque in par 
medium fummum obliquantibus, imis binis divaricatiflimis ; 
ftaminibus declinato-aflurgentibus corolla brevioribus, divari* 
cationis fpatio interpofitis. G. 

undulata ; fupra No. 369. Corolla laciniis lateralibus duabus 
utrinque mediam ftimmam verfus obliquantibus, ima media 
ftaminibus flore brevioribus fubtenfa. G. 

venujla ; fupra No. 1090. Corolla regulari ; ftaminibus erefto- 
fafciculatis iftam exlupernntibus. G. 

This laft can only be feparated from farnienfis of No. 244* 
by the fometimes inconftant character of the leaves preceding, 
and not fucceeding the inflorefcence ; they have been confe- 
quently united in the laft edition of the Hortus Kewenfts a? 
varieties. G. 


Tki-SyrfOrtL- WmU 

C 1431 ] 


Clafs and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Char after. 

Cat. tripartitus, perfiftens* Cor. (calyce grandior G ?) 3-partita, 
decidua laciniis unguiculatis, tenia quandoque diifimili v. 
aborriente. Stam. 6, (v. 5.) Aniherarum 3, (nunc 2 — 4) dif- 
fimiles : vix polliniferae. Germ. 3-loc, loculis oligofpermis. 
Stig. 1. 7«i;o/«<:r«;/;monophyllum conduplicatum v. cucullatum, 
perfiftens, capfulas includens. Cap/. 2 — 3-loc, 2 — 3-valv,, 
valvis medio feptigeris. Sew. faepius bina, angulo interno loculi 
in'erta. Embryo trochlearis, in cavitate albuminis denfe carnofi. 
umbilico oppofua imnnerfus. Drown Prod. Flor. Nov. Holland. 1. 
268, 269. 

Obs. Herbs fape diffufe. Folia vagina Integra. Pedunculus apice 
fajcicidat'im multifiirus, fi^nbus hcrmaphroditis : altera exteriore mafcult 
Jtepiusjiipatus. Brown, loc. cit. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

COMMELINA africana / (herba perennis, diffufe ramofa t 
procumbens, genictdis radicans ;) caudice tereti gracill 
ftolonizanter ramofo, articulato, internodiis petiolo mem- 
branaceo fiftulofe convoluto in fiffura ciiiato vaginatis ; 
foliorum laminis alternis diltantibus ovato-ianceolatis craf- 
fiufculis glabris (nunc pilis in difco utrinque pancijpmis 
vagis) bafi ciliatis, fubtus ftriatulis ; cauliculis alternis e 
vaginae petiolaris latere laminae fohi cppofito, introrfum 
villofis, internodio ifometris; involucre- cordato-acuminato 
conduplicato-explicante, racemurn pauc'u. rum btcviorem 
reclmatum in canale fovente ; pedicel!'* iccundis ereclis 
uniarticulatis ad geniculum bra&eola ftiparis (articulo 
fupernn fruFIifero relrovcrfo) inferiori longiori ; calyce 
fubherbaceo fegmentis 2 orbiculatis, tertio ovato dnplo 
anguftiori ; corolla maxime inacquali (qu<e cauli proximior 
Tifuvinata f) laciniis duobus triplo grandioribus angulle 
uiuJi'.iculatis lamina fubreniformi-rotunlata lobo alterD 
fubirujorc, tertia fpathulato-obovafa Lamina concava ; 
ftamiuibiis 3 integrioribus reclinato-afTurgentibus totidem 
biLvioribus graci'ioribus difformiter anthenferis oppobtis, 
omnibus corolla brevioribus ; ftylo fuperne retorto ; Itig- 


mate depreflb-aperto orbiculato ; capfula ovata ; valva 
fuperna biloculari feminibus 2 — 4 macros caffis, inferna uni- 
locular! femini obefo folo fenili tota adnata. G. 

COMMELINA africawa. Linn. S p. PL cd. 2. \. 60. Mill. 
Ditl. id b. w. 3. Ihunb. Prod, Ft, cap. 58. Gar in. Sem, 1. 
50. tab. 15. /. 1. Berg. cap. 9. Meerburgh It. 4. Hort. 
Kew. 1. 70. ed. 2. 1. 123. Vahl Entim. 2. 167. Schmidel 
1c. Plant. 113. to*. 30. /F//A£ ty. /7. \. 250. 

C. radice perenni ; foliis lanceolatis ; caule repentc glabro ; 
petalis 2 majoribus. Wachcnd. Ultraj. 323. 

C. procumbens, flore luteo. Royen Lugdb. 538. I latter Hart. 
Getting. 66. 
Obs. Commelina africana Eedoutiri (Liliac. t. zoj.J alia arte 

/pedes. Dryander MiT. in Muf. Banks. 

A trailing fomewhat bufhy plant, feldom exceeding three 
feet in height, but generally much fhorter ; the flowers at firft 
glance refemble thole of fomc of the papilionaceous tribe, and 
are of a tawny yellow colour. According to the elaborate 
and accurate woik of Schmidel, fome of the flowers, Spe- 
cially the one neareft the caudex, arc often male ; the middle 
of the three more pet feet anthers larger and more copioufly 
polliniferous than the rclt, and of a fagittatc form ; nor are the 
three lefs perfect horizontally cruciate ones (fometimes-whim- 
fically called neHaria) entirely deprived of pollen. A green- 
houfe plant ; native of the Cape of Good Hope ; cultivated 
m '759 ^y Miller ; blooms from May to October. Our 
drawing was made from Mr. Vere's collection, a collection 
which the liberality of its owner, zeal and intelligence of its 
fuperintendant, render of great and general fervice to Botany. 0, 

No. 739. Sakskvur a ffJfiHflora. In our obfervationson 
tbis vegetable, we have faid that " its fc^pe was cxtvafoliaccous 
and arofe from its peculiar bud ;" in this we were miflcd by the 
appearance of the plant when the running rootftock was buried 
in the ground ; but upon that being laid bare, it is feen that 
the fcape really rifes from the centre of each fafcicle of leaves; 
and, being horizontally deprelled for a fhort fpace before it 
afcends above ground, acquires the appearance it prefents in 
our figure, and by which we were deceived, not having at that 
time the opportunity of examining it out of the ground. It is 
now become common, and found to be hardy enough to thrive in 
the open border, where it foon forms large tufts. The following 
fvnnnyms have appeared fince we pubiifhed our account of it- 
Sansevikra. carnea. But. Repof. t. 361. Lil. a Redout** 
t. 323. Hort. Ktw. ed.%. 2. 278. 




[ 1432 ] 

Allium paniculatum. Pendulous- 
flowered Garlic. 
$ #$•$-# 1tft *•#* ♦ ♦#♦♦;$♦?♦♦ 

Generic Character. — Fid. No. 1420. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

ALLIUM paniculatum ; (capful are / filament a fimplicia ; folia 
fiftulofi ;) bulbo globofo-conico ; foliis fubtrinis longe 
vaginantibus {triads lamina lineari-atr.enuata, canaliculato- 
depreffa ; caule tereti ere£lo ; ipatha bivalvi nervofa ovato- 
caudata, valvarum altera umbellam aliquoties exfuperante; 
umbella numerofa, peripherice pendulo-effufa pediccllis 
capillaribus fJore pluries Iongioribus ; corolla cyathi- 
campaniformi laciniis obovato-oblongis truncato-obtuiis, 
exterioribus fubbrevioribus incurvulo-emarginatis, inte- 
rioribus planioribus ; filamentis compreflb-fubulatis baft 
inter fe et cum corolla breviter connatis, lacinias fubexce- 
dentibus ; antheris brevibus incumbentibus ; germine 
viridi turbinato oblongo, fexfulco-hexagono, vertice de- 
• pre Ho ; ft) lo fetiformi germini aequali vel tandem fublon- 
giore, apiculo ftigmatolo fubcapitellato ; capfulae loculis 
2 — 3-fpermis ; feminibus oblongis obovato-attenuatis, 
plano-convexiufculis. G. 

ALLIUM paniculatum. Linn.Sp. PL ed. 2. 1. 428. G<erin. Sem. 
1. 56. t. 15. f. 1. Bieberjlein Ft* taur. caucaf. 1. 264. 
I lor I. Kczv. 1. 425. ed. 2. 2. 236/ (excl. Redout <eo). Willd. 
Sp. PL 2. 73 / (excl. Hoffm. Scop, et Hijl. Helv. Ualleri.) 

A. p aliens. Lit. a Redout e. tab. 272? 

A. foliis teretibus, vagina bicorni, umbella pendula fuave pur- 
purea. Halltr Opufc. 386. n. 25. De All. 47. n. 22. in 
utroque cum ic. 

We have purpofely omitted in the fynonymy mod of the 
more recent European Floras, from a fufpicion that the pani- 
culatum they have in view is oleraceum occurring with a capfu- 
liferous umbel. The fpecies cited from Haller's treatifes 
was conftituted and delineated from a Siberian plant only ; 
although he fubfequently, but as we apprehend erroncoufly, 
adduced it for a fynonym to a fpecies he found in Switzerland, 
which he obferves is fometimes bulbiferous. From his clear 
and copious account, we are certain that his original fpecies is 
the fame with our own ; and Linn; judges it to be alfo his 
paniculatum. It is very probable that our prefent plant, may 


be the pallcns of fome of the authors cited to that we have 
given in No. 1420 ; which is after all a mere capful iferous 
variety of carinatam. To moft of the Floras, we arc perfuauVd 
oleraceum and carinatum as they occurred with a capfuli- 
ferous or with a bulbiferous inflorcfcencc, have, when in the 
firft mentioned date, furnifhed likewife paniculattim and pallcns. 
We have already, in No. 1420, dated the diltinctions between 
our prefent fpecies, pallens and flavum. From oleraceum it 
differs, by having the filaments fhortly connate at their bafe 
among themfelves, and with the corolla. Iacouin'j fpecimen 
of panic ulatum from Auftria, in the Bankfian Herbarium, has 
a bulbiferous umbel and is oleraceum. The bloom of the 
prefent plant had a flight degree of fragrance, was white with 
a flight fuffufion of purple or rofe-colour, and marked with green 
down the backs of the fegments. It is evidently the paniculatnm 
of Bieberstein, according to his own fpecimens. Our 
drawing was made from a plant that flowered this fummer in 
Mr. Haworth's collection, and had been received from the 
Cambridge Botanic Garden, where it was fuppofed to have 
come originally from Siberia. Native of the Crimea, and 
probably of various parts of the South of Europe. We believe 
it to be the pallcns of Redoute ; but are certain it is not his 
paniculaium, which we take to be a capfuliferous oleraceum. G. 


No. 1143, pag. alt. Allium caucafcum. We find that 

M. von Bieberstein, in a recent work, dropping the name of 

caucaftum attached to this plant in his Herbarium, has con- 

fidered it as a purple variety of the faxatile with white 

flowers of a former one ; and this again as diftiuB. from 

jhlleriamim (for which it had been taken by Georgi in Nacblr, 

fitrSe/cbr. rufs. reiebs. 267} in having a'fubulatc fpathc, one 

valve of which is longer than the umbel. So that the following 

fynonyms mould be added to thole given in the above cited 


A. faxatile. Bieberftein capifcbc meere. 167. ".39. Ann. of 
Bot. v. 2. 436. n. 39. Fhr. taur. caucus. 1. 264. 
The globofum of the fame author, as which taueaftnm is given 
in Redoute's Liliacees, has a fpathe ten times longer than 
the umbel, and ftamens twice the length of the corolla ; and can 
neither be the plant given by Redoute, nor ffbarocepbalon 
as we guefled it to be. G. 


So, JG&2, 1. 8, pro «* m'tjlira^ le^e " pluriflora." 

I ,,.. 

C H33 ] 

Hemerocallis japonica. Sweet-scented 

Day-Lily of Japan. 

$• $ $- <$Me- % *W*- # *# SH* -^ ♦♦♦♦$ 

C/d/> and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Inflor. feorfim bracleata, inferne quandoque geminatim. 
Cal. o. Cor. infera, refta, nutans cernuave, fexdivifa, fub- 
aequalis, regularis vel fubirregularis, cucullato-campanata tubo 
obfoleto, aut infundibuliformis tubo variae longitudinis. 
Stam. fafciculata dedinato-affurgentia, alternantia, fundo co- 
rollas affixa partimve aut per omnem tubum adnata. Anth. 
introrfae, vibratiles. Stylus filamentorum decurfu, germen con- 
tinuans, triquetro-filiformis. Stig. trigonum apice depreffum 
obiolete pubefcens. Cap/, coriacea eredla pendulave, ovato- 
elliptica atque trilobo-triquetra, nunc prifmatico-clongata, 
3-loc, 3-valv. valvis medio feptigeris. Scm. plura-numerofa 
angulo interno loculi biferiate quandoque imbricatim annexa, 
ovato-oblonga, varieque preffa, aut alata nucleo eccentrico ; 
tejla nigra. G. 

Herbze perennes ; rhizoma fibrls fafdculatis carnojis craffts nunc fujl- 
formi-protuberantibus ; folia radicalia plura-numerofa a piano obverfa bifa- 
ria, ambient:ave y hrato-attenuata, ab inferius convoiuto-tquitaniibus can- 
aliculato-explicantia y nunc petiolata lamina nervofo-coflata ; cauiis teres % ' 
braclea vel /path a fieri li nunc folio Jlipatus, ftmplex ; racemus pauci-multi- 
florus, corymbi-vel thyrjiformis, vel nunc fpicatim effufus ; pedicelli rami- 
formes flricli, gracilefveflexiles ; flores majufculi fpeciofi. Plurimum LiLli, 
mult urn Agapanthi habet. G. 

Specific Characler and Syiwiyms. 

H EM ERO C A L L I S japonica ; (petiolatifolia /f raff us pendttlus;) 
foliis ambientibus convoluto-petiolatis lamina ovata acuta, 
coftato-nervofa fubundulataj caule braftea vel nunc folio 

ftipato ; 

{lipato; racemo multiiloro thyrfoidco-effufo foliofo-brac- 
teato; bracteis convoluto-lanceolalis, inferioribus geminis 
extima praegrandiore nunc tubum aequante; pedicello 
brevi flexili; corolla fubnutante regulari, cylindraceo- 
infundibuliformi; tubo rotundato-hexagono, (computata 
fauce) quam limbus fubduplo longiore; limbo campanulas 
recurvo; laciniis ovali-lanceolatis; ilaminibus corolla? 
ifometris pro longitudine germinis tubo adnatis; antheris 
fagittato-linearibus; ftyloquam gerrnen ter-quater longiore; 
capfula prifmatico-columnari fubnutante, valvis planis; 
feminibus furfum imbricatis alatis,.ellipticis. G. 

HEMEROCALLIS japoniea. Sjf. Vcg. Mitrr. ed. 14. 339. 
Thunb.jap, 1425 (ubi defer ipt 10 certe comprehendit ethane, 
licet alias ab autore ad folam lanceolatam rcftrifta fit.) 
Id. in Linn. Trans. 2. 335. Lit. a Redout e. 1. tab. 3. 
Hort. Kew. ed. 2. 2, 305. Willd. Sp. PL 2. 198; (excl. 
var. p.) 

II. alba. Dot. Repof. tab. 194. 

ALETRIS >/>o«*Vrt. Houtt. Linn, pfl.fyjl. it. 486. /. 84. /. 2; 
ad fpecimenjiccatntn japonicum delineata. 

JOKSAN vulgo Gibboofi. Gladiolus plantaginis folio ; 
fcapo fefquifpithamali recto, extremitate florida floribus 
(10 — 12) liliaceis, vernis, in purpureum albicantibus; ex 
angufto tubulo ampullaceis, 3-uncialibus, in 6 denies 
laciniatis, ftaminibus totidem ftyloque mediorepandis. 
Kcempf. am. ex. 863. ejufd. fig. MS. in Muf Brit. Banks 
ie. Kcempf. tab. 1 1 . 

Desc. Leave s feveral : lamina 2 — 6 inches broad. Pedicles 
white, feveral times fliorter than the flower; inner of the lower 
bracles feveral times fmaller than the outer. Corolla clear white, 
very fragrant, nearly four inches long. Anthers yellow. 
Hardy; blooms much later in the year than carulea y and not 
fo freely: native of China and Japan. Introduced in 1790* 
by Mr. G. Hibbert. Our drawing was made from a plant 
that flowered in the open ground at Mr. Vere's. G. 


No. 894. Hemerocallis cerulea. Under this head the 
following fynonyms may be added to thofe already cited: 
(«.) flore albo? Thutib. 

Hemerocallis lancifolia. Thimbu in Linn. Tranf. 2. 335* 
Willd. Sp.Pl. 2. 198. 

H. japoniea. 

H. japonica. Thunb. jap. 142. 

Aletris japonica. Thunb. nov. acl. Upf. 3. 208. Gmel. Syjl, 

Nat. 2. 562. 
((3.) flore violaceo. Supra No. 894. Hort. Krw. ed. 2, 2 305. 
Gibboosi altera folio anguftiori, B. auturnnali. K<empf. amixn. 

exot. 863. Ejufd, fig. MS. in Muf. Brit. ,• optima. 

Varies in our gardens with narrow and with broad ovate- 
lanceolate leaves, of a much darker green than thofe of 
japonica. Is a very diftinft; fpecies from that, even if it mould 
vary to white. Mr. Brown remarks, that he has always found 
6 — 10 embryos in each of its feeds. See his Prod. Nov. HolL 
1, 296 ; in Obf, G. 

Specierum Enumeratio. 

Liliaflrum. Supra tab, 318. Anthericum. 

graminea. Supra tab. 873. B fera. G. 

flava. Supra tab. 19. 

fulva. Supra tab. 64. Orient 'ncola. 

difticha. Donn Cant. ed. 6. 93. fulva. Thunb. jap, 142 ; (ex- 

clufo Linn.) Ken, Sec. Iris, Sec. K<empj. am. exot. 872. 

hones pifcium piclore chinenfi Cantoni pic!** ; tab. ult. 

Specimen borto regio kewenfi (anno 1793^ Jhridum in Herb. 

Bank/, confervatur. Chinae et Japonic incola. 
japonica. Supra tab. 1433. 
caerulea. Supra tab. 894. 

Dryander Cat, Biblioth. Batik/. 2. 181. 

-ftt&.hySatrfa WalwctACTati f. rBt2 

C M34 ] 

Sabal Adansoni. Dwarf Sabal, or 
Swamp Palmetto. 

C/j/} tfffd Order. 

Hexandria Trigynia. Perfoon. Palm^. L/7/ff. 

Generic Characler. 

Flares hermapbrodhi ; fpatha nniverfalis o; fpadix ramofaj 
fpatbce partiales membranaceae. Calyx 3-partitus perfiliens 
fegmentis minimis. Cor. 3- partita (decidua Jacq.) Stem, li- 
bera ; filamcniis bafi incraHatis. Germ. 3, coadunata ; Jligm, 
feffilia fubpubefcentia. Baccte 3, 2 plerumque abortive, 
fubfphericae, pififormes, monofpermze ; euro pauca, fubamar- 
efcen.s, feminibus non adhaereus. Sem. ofTeum, rufefcens, 
punclis confperfum, bafi area umbilicali depreffa notatum; 
papilla exigua laterali embryonem obtegente ; abmnen cartila- 
gineum, album, embryo parvus, conicus, horizontalis. Guer- 
Jent obf. in Bullet, tie la foe. pbilomat. No. 87. 

Obs. Rhaphis arundinacea {quantum Herat ex fpecimine Jiccato n r ,n 
fruftifero dijudicare) hujus y tuque flabelliformis Jupra No. 1371, con- 
gener. G. 

Specific Name and Synonyms. 

SABAL Adanfoni. Guerfent loc. cit. tab. 25/ refpeclu infior- 

efcentice parum bona. 
SABAL minor s. Adanfoni. Perfoon Syn. 1. 399. 
RAPHIS acatilis. Wtlld. Sp. PL 4. 1093. 
CHAM^EROPS acaulis. Michanx Bar. Amer. 1. 207. 
COR YP Li A minor. Jacq. Hort. Find. 3. 8. tab. 8. Murr. Syft. 

Veg. ed. 14. 984. Mart. Mill. Diet. n. 2. 
C. pimila. V/alt. carol, 1 1 9. 
SABAL. Adanfon Jam. 2. 495. 

Rootftock not caudefcent ; leaves radical, fan-fhaped-palmate, 
fmooth ; petw'e i'enicylindric, thornlefs, longer [ban tbe bipar- 
tite lamina t lobes contiguous-convergent unequally multifid,* 


fegments ligulate-attenuated, complicate, fhortly bifid radiate- 
divergent, fometimes with loofe threads intermingled; flower- 

jlem 3 — 5 feet high, axillary fubgeniculately-flexuofe upright, 
fheathed its whole length by many fingle alternate clofely em- 
bracing membranous fpathes> each equalling its internode; 

fpadixes many, alternate, patently paniculate, numeroufly 
flowered, i filling laterally from the upper fpathes; brafics broad 
exceedingly Ihort, denticulate, fingle ; fegments of the calyx 
roundifh concave, of the corolla rather larger, whitifh, oblong 
obtufe, patent; filame nts fubulate, length of the flower; anthers 
fagittate incumbent; piftil rather fhorter; drupe, according to 
Jacquin, about the fize of a pea, black, and of a fweetifh 
tafte. Of very flow growth; native of Carolina and Georgia; 
alio, according to the infeription on a fpecimen in the Bankfian 
herbarium communicated by Mr. De Ponthieu, of our 
Weft-Indian iflands. Monfieur Guersent fays, that it 
cannot be a fpecies of Coryph a, which has 1 germen, 1 ftyl e > 
and a feed with a cavity in the albumen ; nor Euterpe, which 
has a monoicous inflorefcence ; nor Chamjerops, in which 
this is polygamous. 

We are far too (lightly acquainted with this tribe of 
vegetables to be able to judge of the folidity of fuch generic 
diftinftions. It has been claffed by Willdenow under 
Polygamia Moncecia, in oppofition to the defcriptions of other 

Our drawing was made from a plant that flowered this 
rummer in the greenhoufe of Meffrs. Loddigss, at Hackney. 



C M35 ] 



-& ft $ $ 3JC $ <t ft i ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦ ' v- 

C/4/J ##</ Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. triphyllus. Cor. tripetalae (unguibus modo tubulofo- 
connexis. G.) Stam. filamentorum pilis articulatis. Stylus 
fimplex : ftigmate tubulofo. Cap/, fupera, 3-loc. Sew. pauca 
dorfo vel lateribus embryonifera. Gccrtner Sem. 1. 51. 

Obs. Inflorcfcentia racemofa, /uccejffive ephemera, pauci-nuwerofiflira y 
alterna, biferiato-fecunda, rcclinata s bracteis faliaceh minutijve interjlincla; 
ex racemk obverfe binatis nunc fulumbeliate contraBis vei nunc /picatim 
protraclis invoiucro 2 — %-phyllo magna conduplicata nunc faliofarmi vel 
minima bracleaformi baft Jlipatls : diftachya ; aut ex ii/dem /ingularibus 
allerne di/pertitis invoiucro monophyllo: monoftachya; rarius unlflora. G. 

A Tradesc a.nt 1 a fegreganda Callisia ob /lamina 3 v, pauciora: 
nee nan /pedes unguibus pet v. 'irum connrun /cilicet Trad, axillaris, criit- 
ata, aViaque inedita qua infuptr diver/a jtmt jeminum collateraJium altera 
erect 0, altera pendula, umoilico ba/tlari^ embryone in extremitate appc/ita, 
ideoque dijllnclum genus ffirmantes. Brown prod. fl. nov. holl. 1. 269; 
in obf. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

TR ADESCANTIA crijlata ; (monoftacbya ; cor. hypocra- 
teri/ormis ;) caudice gracili tereti geniculate), difFufe fto- 
lonizanti-ramofo, procumbente, internodiis folio fubae- 
qualibus -nervis articulofis firiatis, latere folii laminae con- 
trario villofis ; foliis oblongo-lanceolati? ftriatuiis ciliatis, 
petiolo brevi vaginante in fii'lura pubefcente ; cauliculis 
alteme fupernis; invoiucro herbaceo ovato-lanceolato S 
racemo foliolofo, criftato-fpicato, imbricafo ; floribus 
fubfcffilibus bra&ea femiovato-falcata oblicjuata fubinclufe 
interftinftis, calyce herbaceo extrorfum pubefcente feg- 
mentis naviculari-conduplicatis tubi floralis anguloa equi- 
tantibus; corollae unguibus in tubulumprifmaticuir. li.nbo 


longiorem calyci sequalem cohaerentibus, laminis explan- 
atis ; ftaminibus corollam nequicquam exfuperantibus ; 
filamentis extra tubum contortis hirfutis, intra flexuofis 
nudi« ; anthetis ovatis ; germine oblongo, rotundate 
trigono, villofo; ftylo germen 5-Jes excedente, fubtortim 
fluxuolo; ftigmate clavato tubulofo, ore crenulato. G. 

TRADESCANTIA criftata. Linn. Syjl. Nat. ed. 12.2 233. 
Syft. Veg. ed. 13. 263. ed. 14. 315. Jacq. Hort. Vindob. 
2. 6j, tab. 137. Hort. Kew. 1. 403. edit. 2. 2. 203. 
M^er burgh. L. 32, IV Hid. Sp. PL 2. 21. 

COM ME LIN A criftata. Lir>n. Sp. PI. ed. 2, 1. 62. 

C. corollis aequalibus involucris fpicatim imbricatis Linn. Fl. 
Ziyi. 13. tab. i;ex tabelia archetypa Hermanniania nunc in 
Muf<£0 Bankjiano. 

EPHEMERUM z^ylanicum procumbens criftatum. Hertn. 
Parud. 148. Burnt. Zeyl. 94. Raii Hiji. 5. 556. 

Said to be an annual plant; corolla blue, about 4 lines long, 
jointedly veined; filaments inferted at the bottom of the tube; 
ai:' u ers (mail yellow upright, in which the lunulate form of the 
locular receptacle is lefs evident than in the larger flowered 
forts; ftyle white; fiigma blue; raceme fhorter than the invo- 
lucre ; bracles large m proportion to the flower. Very clofely 
allied to papilionacea ; but differs in being altogether a fonie- 
what larger plant and lefs hairy, as well as in not having ltauiens 
that are conrkerably longer than the corolla, which is alfo 
blue inftead of purple. Found on the decayed parts of the 
trunks ol old fees, and moid fituations in the Malabar country 
and the Ifland >f Ceylon. Introduced in 1770 by Monfieur 
Richard. Mr. Brown thinks that this, with fome others, 
mould be generically feparated from Tradescantia ; his 
reafons aie ovided above. 

We are indented to Mr. Verb for the fpecimen. Seems to 
require to be kept conitantly in a hot-houfe. G. 

J /yM 

[ *43<5 ] 

Cotyledon crenata. Scollop-leaved 

jle. ile. ili ?fe.j{t jfrAA, A. »5s .>•'.., jit. >'-"_ jAt jU. »'»_ 
■^r «yr /jr *}* *!* 'i* *i* v> " 'i* 'i* *i* *»* 'i^^tt v ^i^ 

C7j/} and Order. 

Decandria Pentagynia. 

Generic Charablcr. 

Cat. 5-fidus (modo 4-fidus). Cor. l-petala. Squama ne&tari- 
ferae 5, ad bafin germinis. Cap/. 5 (modo 4). 

Specific Char abler and Synonyms. 

COTYLEDON crenata ,• foliis decufTatis obtuGs crenatis 

carnofis, floribus cymofo-paniculatis ereftis quadrifidis. 

Fen ten. Malmaif. 49. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. v. 3. p. no. 
V£R£A crenata ; foliis oppofitis patentibus, racemis longif- 

fimis laxis, floribus Juteis. Bot. Rep of. 21. IVilld. Sp. PL 2. 

p. 471. 
CALANCHOE Verea. Perfoon Syn. 1. p. 446. a. 
KALANCHOE. Adanfon Fam. de PL 2. p. 248. 

This fucculent fhrub, native of Sierra Leone, whence 
it was introduced by our friend Profeffbr Adam Afzelius, 
and, under the fuppofition of its being an undefcribed genus, 
was named by Mr. Andrews in honour of James Ver e, Efq. 
a great encourager of botanical fcience. But if it can be pro- 
perly feparated from Cotyledon, being undoubtedly a con- 
gener of Cotyledon laciniata t of which Ad an son, in his 
Families des Plantes, long ago confiituted a genus, it muft 
take his name of Kalanchoe. Decandolle, a French 
botanift, and Persoon, have adopted this divifion ; but 
M. Ventenat has followed Linnaeus, who confidered his 
Cotyledon laciniata as belonging to the genus, though cur- 
tailed of one-fifth in the number of all the parts of fructification. 


It is not improbable, however, that had he known there were 
half a dozen fpecies in the fame predicament, he would have 
himfelf made a reparation, fo congenial with his clafiification. 

In the new edition of the Hortus Kewenfis, both this plant 
and Bryophyllum of Salisbury, No. 1409 of this work, 
are retained with Cotyledon ; Bryophyllum is, however, 
in our opinion, very diftincl, not only in the number of the 
parts of fructification, but likewife in the form of the corolla, 
the relative proportion of the calyx and it, and efpecially in 
having the ftamens arranged in one rank. 

The original imported plant bore leaves many times the fize 
of thofe in our figure, and more irregularly fcolloped, but 
iucceeding ones have not attained to the fame vigorous growth. 

Our drawing was made at the late Right Honourable Mr. 
Grf.ville's, at Paddington. Propagated by cuttings. Re- 
quires to be kept in the dry Move, or in an airy part of the 
common hot-houfe. Flowers from May through the fummer. 
Cultivated by Mr. William Anderson, in 1793. 

h^ '-^ &*&* Walvorii Jan. f. 16/2. 

[ 1437 ] 
Cymbidium coccineum. Scarlet- 
flowered Cymbidium. 

■* ■#■ $H|H|t MM* #-& -3M5- fc 4 r-355-^ ♦ ♦ * 

C/j/} and Order, 
Gynandria Diandria. 

Generic Characler, 

Cor. 4 — 5-petala erefta vel patens. Neflarium concavum, 
bafi calcaratum, lamina patula. Anthera opercularis, decidua. 
Pollen globofum. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

CYMBIDIUM coccineum; fubcaulefcens, foliis terminalibus 
aliifque radicalibus bulbo innatis enfiformibus obtufis, 
fcapis filiformibus axillaribus unifloris. Swartz Nov. Acl. 
Upfal, 6. p. 70. and in TracJs on Botany \ p. 168. Willd. 
Sp. PL v. 4. p. 94. Perfoon Synop. 2. p. 514. 6. 

EPIDENDRUM coccineum; foliis caulinis enfiformibus ob- 
tufis, pedunculis unifloris axillaribus confertis. Sp. PI. 
1 34^- 7 aC( J- Amer. p. 222. /. 135. 

HELLEBORINE coccinea multiflora. Plum. Spec. $. ic. 180. 

The orchidea in general are rather difficult to cultivate, but 
the parafitical ones in particular were long thought beyond 
the power of art to bring to any tolerable degree of perfe&ion 
in our northern climate. Of late years however, by planting 
them in a mold compofed chiefly of decayed wood, and cover- 
ing the furface with large pieces of bark ; fome cultivators 
have fucceeded to admiration with many of them. 

The Cymbidium coccineum has been feen here in flower 
before, but perhaps never in the fame perfection as in the 
bark Move of Meffrs. Loddigf.s, at Hackney, in June laft, 
from whence our drawing was made. 


When the flowers firft come, they appear to grow from the 
bofom of the radical leaves, but, as the ftalk lengthens, frefh 
flowers are produced from the axils of the cauline leaves, as 
is defcribed by Jacquin. A kind of thickening of the foot- 
ltalk, fo as to form what are called bulbs, of an oval com- 
preffed form, terminated with one or more leaves, is very 
common in this genus, and occurs in this fpecies alfo, though 
there were none to be obferved in the fpecimen from which 
our drawing was made. By thefe knots or bulbs the plants 
may be propagated. They probably ferve as refervoirs of the 
juices, neceffary to preferve the life of the vegetable, during 
the dry feafon. 

Native of the Ifland of Martinique, growing in moift 
woods, efpecially on the banks of the torrents. 

«fe Watwrtfi 

C 1438 ] 

Cytisus leucanthus. Pale-flowered 


•>,«• Vji W >i» Vj» S^ V,V"V^"V,'C- •,* *,«• *J« /,<T *jS •;»• /,T Vv Vjjf 

67<t/} and Order. 


Generic Cbarafler, 

Cat. 2-labiatus : labio fuperiore 2-dentato. Caring ere&a. 
Legum. bafi attcnuatum, compreflum. (Stamina monadelpba. 
Folia ternata.) 

Specific CbaracJcr and Synonyms. 

CYTISUS leucanthus ; caulibus ereBis ramofis, floribus capi- 
tals, calycis labio fuperiore emarginate truncato : infenore 
integerrimo acuto. 

CYTISUS leucanthus; floribus umbellatis terminalibus, cau- 
libus ere&is, foliolis ellipticis glabris acutis. IVilld. Sp, 
PL 3. p. 1 1 24. Pcrfoon Syn. 2. p. 81O. 

CYTISUS leucanthus. Plant, rar. Hung. t. 132. 

Descr. Stem fhrubby, branched upwards ; branches vil- 
lous. Flowers in terminal fubumbellated beads. Leaves pe- 
tiolatc : leaflets lanceolate, filky on both fides from adprefled 
mining hairs. Calyx cylindrical, bilabiate: upper lip emarginate- 
truncate : lower lip apparently fimple, acute. Co rolla elongated : 
vexiltum oblong-obcordate, with reflexed fides. Ala not half 
the length, clawed. Carina two-petaled : petals united at the 
point, nearly like the alae. Filaments all connecled. Germen 
oblong, flattened, filky. Style naked : Jligma fubcapitate. 

The branches are flenderer, and the flowers much finaller 
than in Cytisus aujlriacus. 

We were favoured with living fpecimens of this plant by 
Mr. Donn, from the Botanical Garden at Cambridge, at the 
Tame time with thofe of Salvia Hablitziana, publilhed in lad 
number. We have alfo received fpecimens of the fame plant 
from Mr. Buchanan, Nurferyman at Sydenham. 

Native of the heaths and woods of the Banate, in Hungary. 
Hardy. Flowers in Auguft. 


d m £dwardy/)eJ 

A* h-sSCurfa WaUertAj n.t. /g <z 

[ 1439 ] 



#$♦♦$$ MhMi ♦♦# ♦■* Wh| -fc 

C/^/jr #»</ Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Charafier. 

Cal. bracteis 4, pluribufve imbricatus. Cor. tubo ventricofo, 
calyce duplo longiore, intusjuxta bafin fafciculis 5 villorum : 
limbo brevi, patenti barbato. Filamcnta lincaria inclufa. 
Ovarium 5-locu!arc. Drupj fubexfucca, putamine offeo, folida. 
Brown Prod. Nov. Holl. 

Specific Charatler and Synonym. 

ASTROLOMA humifufum t proftratnm ramofiffimum, foliis 
lanceolato-linearibus fupra convexiufculis margine ciliatis. 
Brown Prod. Nov. Holl. p. 538. 

VINTENATIA bumifufa. Cav. ic. 4. /. 348. p. 28. 

We are indebted to Me firs. Malcolm and Sweet, Nurfery- 
men, at Stockwell-Common, for the opportunity of giving a 
figure of this rare plant, which we have not feen in any other 

The genus Styphelia having become very extenfive, 
Mr. Brown has divided it; but, in plants of this natural 
order, it is not eafy to find difcriminating characters in 
the parts of fructification ; accordingly, the only difference we 
remark in the character of this genus from that of Styphelia, 
in this author's valuable work, exifts in a rather flight variation 
in the form of the corolla, and the more linear anthers, which 
are included within the tube of the corolla, not exferted as in 
Styphelia. Thefe diverfities, though not ffriking, are, 
however, important when combined with certain peculiarities 
of habit, which probably afforded the firft guide in making the 

Native of New-Holland, about Port-Jackfon, nlfo of the 
fouthern coafls, and of Van Diemen's Ifland. Flowers in 
Auguft. May be confidered as a hardy grcenhoufe fhrub, re- 
quiring nearly the fame treatment as the Cape Heaths. 


[ H49 ] 

Datura Metel. Downy Thorn-Apple. 

A A A A it A -& jfe.JsJt.ji A J!f A ih -rk. jluk a j&. 

C/<//} <2«J Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. 

Cor. infundibuliformis, plicata. Cal. tubulofus, angulatus, 
deciduus. Cap/. 4-valvis. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

DATURA Metel; pericarpiis fpinofis nutamibus globofis, 

foliis cordatis fubintegris pubefcentibus, Sp. PI. 1. p. 256. 

Willd. Sp. PL 1. p. 1009. Hort. Kezv. ed. alter. 1. p. 387. 

Mart. Mill. Di&. 
DATURA innoxia. Mill. Dicl. ed. 8. n. 5. Idem Martyn n. 8. 
STRAMONIUM folio hyofcyami ; flore toto candido; fructu 

propendente, rotundo, fpinis innoxiis ornato. Bocrb. Ind. 

alt. v. 1. p. 262, exclufo fynovymo Hort. Eyjl. 
STRAMONIA. Dod. Pempt. 460./. 1. Camcr. Herb. 377. d. 

ejufdem E pi torn. 
STRAMONIUM peregrinum. Cer. Em. 348./. I. 
SOLANUM pomo fpinofo rotundo, longo flore. Bauh. Pin, 

HUMMATU. Hort. Mai 2. p 47. t. 48. ? 
DUTRA alba. Rum/. Amb. 5. p. 242. /. 87./' 

This plant, when cultivated in the ftove, hardly acquires a 
height exceeding four feet. Stems purplifh, downy, irregularly 
branched. Leaves cordate, moftly quite entire, but, about the 
flowers more efpecially, irregularly angular, villous on both 
fides; footltalks long. The calyx is long, fomewhat inflated, 
but rounded and not angular ; at firft dually two-lipped, but 
afterwards fpontaneoufly divides or is eafily feparable into 
five lance-fhaped teeth. ' Corolla white, generally finglc, large, 
and fweet lcented. After flowering, the peduncle, which was 
before eretl, bends downwards and the nodding, globular 


fruit is covered with tubercles terminating in fhort foft fpines. 
The greater part of the calyx falls with the flower, but the 
bale remains and grows with the capfule, forming a circular 
calv x irregularly fcolloped at the edge and reflected. 

Our plant was laid to be raifed from feeds fent from Surinam, 
and we think it doubtful whether it be the fame fpecies as the 
Ealt-Indian plant, which grows to a much larger fize and is not 
defcribed as being fo pubefcent : at the fame time it corre- 
fponds fo well with the fpecific character of, that 
we can but conclude it is the fame as what he intended in his 
Species Plantarum for Datura Metel ; nor do we think it 
differs from the Stramonia of Dodonaus and the older 
authors. In the Hortus Cliffortianus, Linn a us confidered all 
thole with nodding fruit as varieties of the fame fpecies, and 
fome Boranifis flill incline to the fame opinion. 

We were favoured with the plant from which our drawing 
was taken, by Mr. Salisbury, proprietor of the botanic 
garden in Sloane Street, under the name of Datura innoxia 
of Miller : and it |s not unlikely but it may be the fame as the 
one defcribed by him, which he raifed from feeds received from 
Vera Cruz, though he fays the fruit is oval, and covered with 
long, foft, innocuous fpines. It is not improbable, however, 
that there may be fome variety in the form of the fruit and in 
the length of the fpines. 

The extraordinary narcotic and inebriating effects of thefe 
plants has been fully defcribed by the early writers on Eaft- 
Indian plants ; but we have not been able to trace in any of 
them the practice of fmoking the root in the afthma, not very 
long fince introduced to this country from Madras. The firft 
mention we find of this practice h in Loureiro's Flora 
Cochin Chinenfis : this aurhor afTerts, that the bruifed root of 
the Datura (he confiders all the (pedes of Linn it us as 
mere varieties, except arhovca) fmoked through a tobacco pipe, 
ipcedily relieves violent paroxyfms of the afthma. 

The roots of this fpecics are large, and confequently much 
fitter for the purpofe of fmoking than thofe of Datura p a ' 
momum ; but whether thefe are fuperior in efficacy to the 
other parts of the plant, is at prefent undecided. 

May be treated as other tender annuals, raifed on a hot-bed 
in the fpring and planted in the open ground the latter-end 
of May, where it will thrive and blofTom very well ; but will 
Jf«ot ripen its fruit, except the weather prove very favourable. 

[ M4i ] 

,4? 4t rfpi, < t , .^hi, ifc J» «*» «** «*» «*■ .ik..*!* .j!t, «■'.».>'* > 5 » js!» Je. 

Tj* *}» «V» «V> tjt ».» ~i» W Tjf *pV,V •'Spr'SiV >»»>;■» TJOjM "TJT 3jC" 

C/tf/) tf»^ Order. 


Generic Charatler. 
Cat. 5-phyllus. Petala 5. iS"/jf/# o. Ct/j/I polyfpermae. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

PjEONIA danrica ; foliis pinnatis : foliolis fubovatis glaucis, 
caule herbaceo. Horf, Kcw. ed* alt. 3. p. 317. 

PiEONIA daurica; foliis pinnatis : foliolis fubovatis glaucis, 
floribus rubro-purpureis, caule herbaceo bipedali. But. 
Repof, 486. 

Our drawing of this rare fpecies was taken at the botanic 
garden of Isaac Swain son, Efq. at Twickenham, in May 
lafl:. The round egg-fhaped petiolated glaucous leaflets dif- 
tinguifh the P^eonia daurica from every other known fpecies. 

A hardy perennial, native of Siberia. Introduced by 
John Ball, Efq. in 1790. 

M J *'&& 

^^, \Jy£/""Aan. a Y** r & *4mfa 

[ M42 ] 

Edwardsia microphylla. Small-leaved 

% ~#~ &£ #- $ -#-$ $-•$ $4* -%■% i 1 $ -£ $ $ 

CA7/} <z//i Order. 
Decandria Monogvnia. 

Generic Character. 

CaL 5-dentatus. Cor. papilionacea. Lcgumen te t rapt e rum,, 

Specific Character and Synonyms, 

EDWARDSIA microphylla ; foliolis (25 — 4i)obovatis. Hort. 

Kew, ed. alt. v. 3. p. 1. 
EDWARDSIA microphylla. Salijb. in Linn.Soc. Tranf. vol. 9. 

P* 2 99- 
SOPHORA microphylla. Willd. Sp. PL 2. p. 499. Jacq. Hort. 

Schoenhr. 3. p. 10. /. 269. Lamarck ill. gen. t. 325./". 1. 

SOPHORA tetrapiera. ForJ}. Prod. n. 183. Linn. Sup. 230. 

The germs Sophora, as conftituted by, ferved 
for fome time as a common receptacle for almoft the whole of 
the papilionaceous plants, having their itamens all diftinct ; and 
thefe not being very numerous, no particular inconvenience 
arofe from the affemblage. But when the great number be- 
longing to this natural order, natives of Auftralfia, began to 
be known, it became neceffary to feparate the genera which 
were united by this one character only. With refpeQ. to the 
papilionaceous genera of New- Holland, this talk was ably 
commenced by the President of the Linnean Society, 
J n the firft volume of the Annals of Botany, and is now 
carrying on with more ample materials, by Mr. Robert 
Brown. The prefent genus was framed by R. A. Salisbury, 
Efq. in the 9th volume of the Tranfactions of the Linnean 


Society, and named by him in honour of our botanical 
draughtfman, Mr. Sydenham Edwards; and Edwardsia 
has been fince adopted in the new edition of the Hortus 
Kewenfis. Sophora tetraptera, No. 167 of this work, is 
another fpecies, and is now called Edwardsia grandifiora ; 
teiraptera being the generic character of the fruit, and equally 
applicable to the whole genus. 

The prefent fpecies is not quite fo hardy as the other j at 
leaft it does not flower fo well when cultivated in the open air, 
which perhaps is owing to its difpofition to put forth its blofloms 
fomewhat more early in the fpring. It anfwers belt therefore 
to treat it as a hardy greenhoule fhrub. Our drawing was 
taken from a fine old tree, which has for many years produced 
abundance of flowers every fpring, in Mr. Malcolm's green- 
houfe at Kenfington, and the fruit added from a fmall Ihrub at 
Meffrs. Whitley and L'o. now of the Fulham nurfery. 

Native of New-Zealand, where it was difcovered by the 
Right Hon. Sir Joseph Banks, Bart. K. B. and introduced 
at the fame time with Edwardsia grandifiora, than which the 
flowe*s are fcarcely lefs fhewy, but (hotter and lefs pointed* 

JW By J' 0*rXr WaivrortL jr f „i>. f *8*g 

^v/Wrtfcm- J*c 

C M43 3 

Brunsvigia falcata. Sweet-scented 

■%% •$-$•$ ^HfHjt $ $ a ft i|t $ » ft $nfr 

C/j/f *z«.7 Order, 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Char abler. 

Umbella pluri-numerofiflora bra&eis utplun'mum interftin&a, 
e fpatha gencrali bivalvi breviore. Cat. o. Cor. fupera hexa- 
petalo-pariita, fuburceolato-campa lata tubo nullo, vel infundi- 
buliforrnis radiatove divaricata illo breviffimo, fubaequalis, 
fubirregularis regularifve. lit. ejus fundo inferta tubove adnata, 
deciinara ereQave, akerne longiora. Stylus horum decurfu. 
Sttg. iimplex, vel obfoletius trina. Cap/, membranacea fub- 
diaphana, turbinatim trilobo-trigonalobis autdevexe comprerJis 
aut alatim extenuatis, 3-loc., 3-valv. valvis medio feptigcris ; 
loculi oligofpermi deorfum caffi. Scm. horum angulo interior! 
appa&a, aciniformi-oblongata teita nigra, vel tuberofo-laxata 
(nee tamen ut loculum repleant) difformiter rotundata, fufce- 
fcentia. G. 

Obs. Bui bus tuntcatus integumentU memhmnaeeis hrunneh, quandoque 
fcarioj'o-rigentibus ; axis rhizomatcfa modo dtsrfum prominev, , fibre? fibril - 
lifera crajjir t nunc ncdofo - protuberc.ntes ; folia pauca-plura bi,«ria a 

piano cbverfa, crajftufcuiu , fpathuato-cbhnga Ungulato-lorata, plana, 

fcapo varie comprejfo utplurimum breviore tardiora, vel ejus conttmprrali/i ; 
pedicelli cum capjvlaclavati. Flore tenus cum Amaryllidb, Jruclu cum 
Massonia plunmis confentit ; caterum H^MA;ntho accedeiis, Mar- 
gioatas et Radulas fritilum nondum habuitnus pcrfeclum. Q. 

Specific Charabler and Synonyms. 

BRUNSVIGIA falcata / foliis pluribus, anguftius lingulafo- 
loraiis, glaucis, alterne in utramque partem falcato obli- 
quati.s, cilio brevi cartilagmeo fimbriatis, externis lon- 
gioribus humi recumbentibus ; fcapo 4 plo magifve bre- 
viore, Cv/mplanato aciebus rotundatis, inflorefcentiam vix 
aequante ; umbella multiflora, pedicellis inaequilari n- 


triquetris, laxis, germine quatcr longioribus, Bore brc* 
vioribus, fructigciis ftriclis fupra 3-nervi-coftatis ; ger- 
mine uTrinque conformi-continuo ; corolla ere8o-fub- 
muante, infundibuliformi, fubirregulari, emarcida fru&uffi 
coronante ; tubo germen uniformiter continuante, laciniis 
quater breviorc ; his anguitius fpathulato-lanceolatis vix 
ultra bafin imbricantibus, media fumma aliis recurviore ; 
extimis anguftioribus convoluto-unguiculatis, acutis mu- 
crone glochidiformi, intirnarum lamina oblonga obtufa; 
itaminibus declinato-affurgentibus corolla parum bre- 
vioribus; ftylo fubexferto tortinfculo ; ftigmato obfulete 
triplici depreffb patulo ; capfula inverfo-pyramidata nervo 
medio in fingula facie prominulo, lobis anguftis declive 
in aciem compreflis; feminibus difformitcr atque iiazequa- 
liter tuberofo-laxatis, fufcefcemibus. G. 
AMARYLLIS faUattk LttfariUftrt. Angl. 13. n. 15. Hort. 
Kew. u 418. ed. 2. 2. 225. Nob. fupra No. 1089, verfi 
folio in Spec. Synth. Willi. Sp. PL 2. 55. 
AMARYLLIS longifolia. Linn. Sp. PL ed. 1. 1. 293. ed. 2.1. 
421. Reich. 2. 27; (exciufo Ebret.) Syjl. Veg. ed. 14. 32O. 
Mill. Dici. ed. 8. n. 7. Non vero L'Heritieri, editorum 
Horti Kewenfis, Jacquini, Willdenovii, noftrumve, plantam 
numeriuiperioris66ipro Linnaeanamaleimelligentium. G, 
CRINUM falcatum. Murr.Syft. Veg. ed. 14. 319. J acq. Hort. 

Vindoh. 3. 34. tab. 60. 
HJEMANTRUS falcatus. Tbunb. Prod. 58. 
AMARYLLIS fpatha nmltiflora, corollis campanulatis aequa- 
libut, fcapo tereti ancipiti. Royen Lugd. 36. Mill. Dili* 
ed. 7. n. 7. 
LILIUM africanum humile longiflimis foliis polyanthos fatu- 
rato colore purpurafcens. — id. diluto colore purpurafcens. 
Herm. Lugd. 682. Id. Parad. Batav. 195. tab. 195. 
LILIO-NARCISSUS africanus pumilus polyanthos. fournef- 

Ivjl. 386. Bocrb. hid. Alt. 2. 147. 
L. N. africanus laticaulis humilis. Rudb. Elyf. tab. 180. 
L. N. africanus platicaulis humilis flore purpurafcente odorato. 

Comm. Hort. Amjl. 1. 71. tab. 36. 
L. N. indicus pumilus polyanthos. Mar. Hift. pars 2. 368. 
NARCISSUS pumilus indicus polyanthos. CorntiL Canad. 
154; cum jig. mala. 

Obs. Licet in twfira tabula folia dt lulhflorido refeila delineentur ftorfm, 
naturu qiudetn pravtniunt pcrdurantque inprefctntiam. G. 

On a review of the defcriptions and fvnonymv of Amaryl 
-ms longifolia in the works of Linn* us', we' have found it t< 



he the prefent plant, and not the one given under that 
title in No. 66 1 of the prefent work ; which has been 
fubfiituted in its place, from a general mifapprehenfion in 
fucceeding writers. We have reftored to each the fynonyms 
that belong to it, without attempting to difturb fpeciiic deno- 
minations by which both are at this time univerfally called 
and underltood. Bulb round-ovate, integuments numerous 
membranous ; outer leaves fometimes nearly two feet long, 
from half to an inch broad, quite flat, furrounded bv a 
fhort white cartilaginous fringe ; [cape 3 — 4 inches high, in old 
many-flowered fpecimens very broad in proportion to its height; 
corolla about two inches and a half long, changing from 
greenifli white to deep rbfe-colour ; tube half an inch long; 
Wpfule with its continuous pedicle from fix to kxen inches 
long, brown, narrow-turbinate and fhortly contracted at 
the top ; cells about three inches long, with from one to three 
feeds of various fizes, which are fleihy but not outwardly her- 
baceous and irregularly rounded comprefied. Native of the Cape 
of Good Hope. Cultivated in 1752, by P. Miller. Blooms 
about Augult, diffufing a fragrance, which appeared to us to 
referable that of the " Lily of the Valley." 

Our drawing was made from a plant in the collection of 
MefTrs. Lee and Kennedy, at Hammerfmith, who have been 
▼ery fuccefsful in its treatment. G. 


Amaryllis longi folia. Supra No. 66 1 . 

Exclude Sp.PL 421. Roy. Lugdb, 36. Reich. 2 27. Mill. 
Du7. n. 7. SyjL Veg. Murr. 320. Mart. Mill. Dltt. H a. 
Parad. 195. /. 195 ; cum defer. ; ad Brunsvigiam faicatam 

Lin. 21 ; infere poll "59" verba " ex c Info fynonyvio Linnai." 

Line the laft, and firft of the next page, for " fix inches" 
put "one" 

Line fecond of the fecond page, for lt 12 — 20" read * 3 — 7." 

To the remaining fynonymy add, 
Amaryllis longifolia. Hort. Kcw. ed. 2. 2. 227 ; (exclufo Mil- 

lero % loco citato fait em tenus). 
A. bulbifpcrma. Burm. Prod. 9. 
A. capenfis. Mill. Die!, ed. 8. n. 12. 

A. ipatha 3-flora coroliis campanulatis acqualibus genitalibus 
dedinatis. Mill. Din. ed. 7, ft 12. 


Specierum Enumeratio. 

falcata. Supra tab. 1443. 

muluflora. Hcrt. Kelt. ed. 2. 2. 230. Amaryllis orientalis. 

J acq. Hart. Srhoenb. 1 38. tab. 74. 
marginata. Hort. Kew.eod. A- marginata. Jacq. eod. 34. tab. 65. 
Radula. liort. Kew.eod* A. Radula. Ja<q. eod. 35. tab. 68. 
ftnata. Hort, Kew. eod. 231. A. ftriata. Jacq. eod. 36. tab. 70. 

No. 1044, 2d page, 1.8, for " their," read " the." 

No. 1392, 1. 13, pro " unlcoy" lege " urtici." 

No. 141^, 1. 17, pro " utraque fine," lege " utroque fine. 1 ' 

No. 1125, 1. 17, from the bottom, omit the words " of thefe." 

No. 1433* verf. fol. 1. 14, pro " lanceolatam" lege " lancifoliam." 

No. 1434, 1. 15, pro " ahumen" lege ,( albumen." 

No. 14351 1. 14, pro "folioformi" lege " fttiifirm." 

^ verf. fol. 1. 6, pro M fluxuofo" lege M flexuofo." 

1 — ■ — li 13, pro I* Hermanniania" lege i( Hermanmana.** 


C J 444 ] 

Drimia Ciltaris. Fringed-leaved 

67#/} <raf<i Order. 

Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Charatlcr. — Fid. No. 1080. 

Specific Charatlcr and Synonyms. 

DRIMIA ciliaris ; bulbo fquamato fubovato e fquamis aciuis 
fubaequatis ; foliis pluribus (4 — 5) lorato-linearibus 
acutulis, fubcarinaiis, albicanter pminatis, cilio brevi 
marginatis ; fcapo bis terve altiovi erefto ; racemo laxius 
multifloro divaricatoj pedicellis flore brevioribus bra£lcola 
fubulata longioribus ; corolla horizontali, trans bafin ufque 
reflexa, per tertiam tubulofa; laciniis lingulato-linearibus, 
fuperne concavis carinatis, interioribus fubangultioribus 
utplurimum infra medium mrinque crifpulis; filamentis 
una quarta brevioribus in fafciculum porreclis ; germine 
ovato-pyramidato obtufe triquetro, hedris ftilla ex poro 
medio udis, angulis fulcatis ; liylo continuo id ter exce- 
dente, filamentis quarta brcviore, c radius hliformi-triquetro 
3-fulco, apiculo ftigmatofo deprefl'o-trigono glanduloi'o- 
puberulo. Cr. 

DRIMIA ciliaris. Jacq. Ic. Rar. 2. /. 377. Colic ff. 41. /. 5. 
Jig. 5. Nob. fitpra No. 1380; verj.fol. inSpec.enum. If'/!'*:. 
Sp. PL 2. 165. 

Descr. Bulb of a dingy purplifh brown colour, varying 
infize and com pact nefs ; leaves 6 — 8 inches long, about the 
third of one broad ; jlevi from a foot to one and a half high, 
"rift, obfeurely fpotted ; corolla about half an inch long, on 
the outfide greenifh and covered with minute thickfet purple 
dots ; pale on the inlidc and glofly ; anthers brown when entire, 
fhort oblong. Introduced from the Cape of Good-Hope by 
Mr* W. Griffin, in whole greenhoufe, at South-Lambeth, 
" flowered laft September, G. 


~dvart£r I) eJ . 

■P^i-iy JG-X, Wa?~or?JLFai./. fgt2 


C H45 ] 

Triglochin bulbosum. Bulbous-rooted 

C/a/Jr d»i Order. 
Hexandria Trjgynia. 

Generic Charatler. 

Cor. (infera, G.) hexapetala, decidua, petalis concavis; 3 
interioribus ahius infertis. Stam. breviflima. Anth. pofticae 
fubfeffiles. Germina 3 — 6, monofperma. Styli breves (vel 
nulli. G.) Stigmata adnata. Cap/. 3 — 6, evalves. Semina 
e recta. Brown Prod. Fl. Nov. Holl. 1. 343. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

TRIGLOCHIN bulbnjum s ( t ri capful are : ) radice aggregato- 
bulbofa, bulbis folidis plexu fibrofo per setatem mukipli- 
cando ac in phiiyras fetaceas folvendo conteclis; foliis fcapo 
fubtardioribus denuo pluribus (4 — 6) ortu bifario, cana- 
liculato-Hliformibus, ba(i membranaceo-dilatatis convolu- 
to-vaginantibus ; fcapo altiori tereti-gracilefcente, flexuofo- 
ereclo, fimplici ; racemo continuo, ebracleato, mulrifloro, 
laxius fpicato ; pedicellis patulis, floreparum longioribus ; 
corolla erecla,pi(tillis breviore, cupulato-connivente; peta- 
lis imbricantibus ovato-orbiculatis bullaeformi-convcxis, 
extimis majoribus longe CUIUS caducis ; antheris extrorfis, 
petalorum (quorum replent cavum) bafi fubinlide^tibus, 
alternis fuperioribus lympha diftentis ferius (nunquando?) 
maturandis; germinibus viridibus, in columellam triquetro- 
prifmaticam coadunatis, finguiis Iinearibus piano con- 
vexiulculis fine ftigmatofo continuo breviter replicato 
radiato-penicillato ; capfulis feorfim deciduis, introrfum 
inferne verticaliter dehifcentibus. G. 

TRIGLOCHIN buibojum. Linn. Mant. 226. Syjt.Veg. ed. 14. 
348. Thnnb. Prod. Flor. cap. 67. Jacq. If. rar. 2. tab. 
454- Coll. Suppl. 102. Wilid. Sp. PL 2. 264. 

GRAMEN triglochin bulbofum monomotapenfe. Breyn.fafcic. 
2 4 ; (in cake PL rar. Cent.) 

A perennial plant throwing up irom numerous aggregate 
**(fo (about thefize of fmall acorns) fafcicles of (lender pliant 


leaves about 8 inches long, and foon forming large tufts • flem 
from 8 inches to a foot and a half high, flcnder, accompanied 
at firft by one or two fhort leaves which grow out in length and 
are followed by others ; flowers fmall herbaceous, membranous, 
fcenflefs ; anthers large, fubdidymoufly orbicular, broader 
acM/is, outwardly 4-fulcate ; pollen yellow ; ftigmatofe pubef- 
cence white. Introduced fotne years fince from the Cape of 
Good-Hope, by Mr. G. Hibbkrt. Ou.r drawing was made 
from a fpec<men that flowered laft Oclober, in the greenhoufe 
at Mr. Knight's Nurfery on the King's-Road, Fulham. G, 


l JTJ» 

J?,& Zs Wii/w«rffLRi<f«*Z 

[ H4$ ] 

ocimum scutellarioides, skull-cap- 
like Basil. 

•$$-$--$--$ ^f-f^s $$jfrfrfr 

Clafs and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. labio fuperiore orbiculato : inferiore quadrifido. Cor. 
refupinatas alterum labium 4-fidum, alterum indivifam. Fila- 
menta exteriora bafi proceffum emittentia. 

Specific Cbaratler and Synonyms. 

OCIMUM fcutellarioides ; corollis falcatis, pedicelHs ramofis. 

Linn. Mant. 84. Reich. Sp. PL 3. 95. IFtlU. 3 p. 166. 

Martyn Mill. Dicl. n. 18. llort. Kew. ed. ait. 3. 424. 
OCIMUM fcutellarioides s foliis lanceolato-ovatis fenatis, 

racemis verticillatis. Sp. PL 834. 
PLECTRANTHUS fcutellarioides. Brown Prod. Nov. Holl. 

p. 506. 
MAJANA rubra* Rumf. Amh. 5. p. 291. /. 101. 

LinnjEus, in his Mantiffa prima, obferved that this fpecies 
differed fo much in the form of the flower from the reft, as 
almoft to render it a diflinft genus; and Profeffor Vahl 
fince added Ocimum Zatarbendi of Forskohl, an undoubted 
convener of our plant, to Plectranthus : Willdenow, 
having adopted this change, ought alfo to have placed this under 
the fame genus, as has been done by Mr. R. Brown, in his 
Prodromus Flora Nova Holland! <e. But as this author has 
remarked that the genus Ocimum requires altogether to un- 
dergo a re-examination, both to decide which of the fpecies 
have procefles to the filaments, and of what value this, as yet 
dubious, character really is in determining the genus ; and 
Specially as he has not removed this plant in the new edition 


of the Hortus Kewenfis, we have thought it bed to leave it 
under Ocimum ; efpecially as it is very doubtful whether the 
ecalcarati or thofe fpecies which have no fpur, of which this 
is one, may not, in a general reform, be again feparated from 
the Plectranthus of L/Heritier. 

Mr. Brown has followed Mr. Poiteau in denying that 
the corolla of thefe plants is refupinate, but not upon the fame 
around ; he thinks that the unopened flower always affords a 
certain mark, the under lip being in every cafe covered over 
by the upper. It is not however unnatural to fuppofe, that if 
the corolla is reverfed, the mode of imbrication will be reverfed 
alfo, in order to prevent the wet from entering into the interior; 
an injury to which it would otherwife be expofed. To us it 
appears, that if this plant does not afford an example of a 
refupinate corolla, it wilt be in vain to feek for any in nature. 

Majana rubra of Rumf (not Major an a, as cited by 
Linnaeus, and copied frOm him whenever this fynonym has 
been fince quoted) appears, from the defcription, to be our 
plant, but his figure is a very bad one. 

We were favoured with the fpecimen from which our draw- 
ing was made, by our friend John Walker, Efq. of Arno's- 
Grove, Southgate. 

Native of the Eaft-Indies, of the Ifland of Tanna in the 
South-Seas, and of the tropical regions of New-Holland. An 
annual plant, cultivated in the ftove or hot-bed. 

■' 'r/7 


[ H47 ] 


%'$H$ $$ »J,' ifr 4)M ♦. ♦ M » $ » 

C/o/i ^»rf Order. 


Generic Cbaracler. 

Cal. 4-phyllus, fuperus. Petala numerofa. Stigma feflile, 
peltatum. Bacca coronata calyce, polyfperma. Semina nuca- 
mentacea. Hort. Kew. 

Specific Cbaracler and Synonyms. 

EURYALE ferox. Salijbury in Ann. of Bet. v. 2. p. 74. llori. 

Kew. ed. alt. 3. 
ANNESLEA Jpinafa. Bot. Repof. 618. 
LIEN KIEN / Kiteou. Mem. fur les Cbinois, 3. p. 451. 

This curious plarrt is a native of the Eaft-Indies, and has 
been cultivated in China, according to the pretenfions of the 
Chinefe writers, more than a thouland years before the com- 
mencement of the Chriftian era. The feeds which are involved 
in an infipid pulp, fuppofed to be of a cooling quality, arc 
farinaceous, and confidered as a wholfome food. 

The leaves, which float upon the furface of the water, 
fometimes exceed three feet in diameter, and are covered on 
both fides with fharp curved fpines. The under furface is of 
a deep bluifh purple colour, curioufly fupported by fpongy 
ribs, which rifing from the centre of the leaf, where the petiole 
is inferted, are dichotomoufly branched over the whole. 
Thefe ribs have confiderably more perpendicular thicknel* 
than width, like the rafters of a houfe, and are covered with 
fpines at firft foft but becoming hard with age. The leaf, while 
in bud, is curioufly folded up, and enclofed in an involucre, 
tvhich burfts as the leaf expands. 


Introduced by the Marquis of Bland ford, in 1809. Oar 
drawing was taken at Jemes Vere's, Efq. Kenfington-Gore, 
in Auguft laft, where it was cultivated with other tropical aqua- 
tics in a ciftern, placed on a hot-bed, and covered with a melon- 
frame. Under this treatment the feeds were perfe&ed, by 
which the plant is readily propagated. And as it is cultivated 
in the lakes and pools at Pekin, though not to the fame per- 
fection as in the fouthern provinces, there is fome reafon to 
hope it may be found not to ftand in need of artificial heat. 
The name of Euryale was firft given to this plant by R. Sa- 
lisbury, Efq. in the Annals of Botany; and five years 
afterwards, inadvertently, that of Anneslea in the Botanift*s 


ifaraiti Z)eZ 

furfc/ Wa/<vor£/i^#ar,' 


[ 1448 3 

Gypsophila repens. Creeping 

Oafs and Order. 
Decandria Digynia. 

Generic Characler. 

Cal. l-phyllus, campanulatus, angulatus. Petala 5, ovata, 
feflllia. Cap/, globofa, l-locularis. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

GYPSOPHILA repens ; foliis lanceolatis, ftaminibus corolla 
emarginata brevioribus. Sp. PL 581. Reich. 2. 324. 
Willd. 2. 662. Mart. Mill. Die?, n. I. Hort. Kew. ed. 
alt. 3. p. 74. Jacq. Auftr. 5. p. 4. t. 407. 

GYPSOPHILA foliis linearibus carnofis triquetris, ftamini- 
bus petalis emarginatis brevioribus. Ger. Prov. 407. /. 15. 
Vail I. Dan ph. 3. p. 602. 

GYPSOPHILA repens. Lam. et Decand. Flor. Franc. 4. 

P- 73 6 - 
SAPONARIA radice lignofa maxima, foliis glaucis pulpofis, 

petalis emarginatis. Hall. Helv. n. 905. 
CARYOPHYLLUS faxatilis foliis gramineis minor. Baub. 

Pin. 211. 
SYMPHYTUM petrseum f. Gypfophyton. Mai. Hircyn. p. 


The flowers of this fpecies are with us nearly white, and, 
except that they acquire fomewhat of a red colour as they die, 
nave none of the purple tinge of projlrata. The colour may 
however be variable. Our prefent plant bears its flowers more 
scattered, the peduncles being longer, lefs divided, and thofe at 
lhe d ivifio n s of the Item quite Ample, Perhaps the moft decifive 


character to diftinguifh repens from profirata is, that in the 
former the calycine leaflets are more fharply keeled, and 
have white margins ; in the latter the leaflets are more ob- 
tufely rounded and of a uniform colour. The two fpecies 
appear however to have been fo confounded together, that 
the fynonymy is not eafily extricab'e. 

Communicated by Meffrs. Malcolm & Sweet, Stock- 
well-Common. A hardy perennial. Flowers all the fummer. 
Native of the Alps, the Pyrenees, and the mountains of Auftria, 
growing out of fiffures in the rocks, and among the gravel in 
the torrent beds. Propagated by parting its roots or by feeds. 


J-jI $-s >* &<r?i^ "^7 

[ M49 ] 

Lantana trifolia. Three-leaved 

♦ ♦♦♦♦♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦»£♦ 

Clafs and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. 4-dentatus obfolete. Stigma uncinato-refra&um. Drupa 
nucleo biloculari. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

LANTANA trifolia; foliis ternis quaternifve ellipticis fupra 
rugofis fubtus villolis, caule inermi, fpicis oblongis im- 
bricatis. Hort. Kew. 2. p. 350. Edit. alt. 4. p. 42. 
mild. Sp. PL 3. p. 315. Mart. Mill Dm. SwartzObf. 
p. 236. 

LANTANA trifolia; foliis ternis, caule inermi, fpicis ob- 
longis imbricatis. Sp. PL 873. 

LANTANA trifolia; foliis ternis, fpicis oblongis imbricatis, 
floribus carneo-violaceis, fauce flava. Medicus in Aft. 
Palat. v. 3. Phyf. p. 222. 

LANTANA erefta "minor fubaflurgens, foliis verticillato- 
ternatis, pedunculis longis, fpicis ovatis. Brown Jan:. 
268. 1. 

PERICLYMENUM redum humilius falviae folio rugofiore, 
flore purpureo ; fruftu oblongo efculento purpureo. 
Shane Hi ft. 2. p. 82. /. 195. f. 3. mala. Raj. dend. 30. 

CAMARA trifolia purpurafcente flore. Plum. gen. p. 32. 

MYROBATINDUM fpicatum, Viburni foliis ex adverfo 
ternis. Vaill All. Paris. 1722. p. 203. 

There are feveral points of agreement between this fpecies 
and annua (vide fupra No. 1022) ; but our plant differs in the 


greater lengthening of the fpike, in having a fhrubby, rounded, 
not annual and fquare Hem, as well as leaves ternate, or fome- 
times, though rarely, quaternate. The fruit of Lantana 
trifolia is more pulpy than in any other of the genus, and 
being of an agreeable flavour, is, as we are informed by Sir 
Hans Sloan e,. greedily fought after by the children in 

Reichard imagined the plant defcribed by Medicus as 
L. trifolia, really belonged to annua, becaufe of the flefh- 
coloured corollas with yellow throat, not changeable ; but as 
thefe circumftances are common to both fpecies, we fee no 
reafon to doubt that the plant, of which he has given an account, 
is the fame with ours, except that he defcribes the flems as being 
fquare. His plant the firft year grew with two oppofite leaves, 
but in the fecond year the leaves were all ternate. 

Native of the mountains in the Weft- Indies. Requires 
the heat of the ftove, but in warm weather mould be removed 
into the greenhoufe or be allowed plenty of air, in which 
fituation it will ripen its fruit and continue flowering at the 
extremity of the fpike at the fame time. 

Introduced by Dr. William Houstoun before 1733* 
Communicated to us by Meflrs. Lod dices, of Hackney, in 
Augult laft. 


■.r&r WaJv<:/&i 

[ M5C ] 

Amaryllis blanda. The Blush-Lily, 

or Amaryllis. 

Generic Char after. — Fid. No. 923*. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

AMARYLLIS blanda; (multifiora ; flssfubirregularis^brrciler 
dcorfum tubulofo-connexnsy fauce nuda ; foliis plurimis 
(fubduodenis) bifariis e baft vaginamibus erefto-diver- 
gentibus, interioribus ab utrinque gradatim longioribus 
lanceolato-loratis, fcapi validiffimi tereti-ancipitis undato- 
viridis (cui diu pojl fucceditnt) altitudinem demum attin- 
gentibus, extimis binis lanceolato-oblongis latioribus, 
cuntlis apice obtufatis ftriatis fubcanaliculatis fubtus colta 
media pallidiore carinatis, introrfum nitidis ; f'patha fpha- 
celato-bivalvi ; umbella divaricata, pediceliis viridibus 
florem fubaequantibus ; germinc viridi, obovato, rotundate 
trigono, quam tubus fubduplo breviore, fulcis facialibus 
prominulis ; corolla nutante fubaequaii obfolete ringente ; 
tubo trigono trifulcoquam limbus turbinato-campanulatus 
recurvo-patentiffimus pluries breviore, laciniis lubungui- 
culatis lamina elliptico-lanccolata undulata ; ftaminibtis 
per totum tubum adnatis divergenter declinatis ; fiylo 
fubulato-triquetro ; ftigmate trigonulo Ieviter deprcfTo. G. 

AMARYLLIS Belladonna; ; vernalis, corolla pallidiore. 
Nobis fupra No. 733. Confervantur in Herbario Bank- 
fiano juxta fe pro mutuis varietatibus eidem chartas folio 
affixa fpecimina turn hujufce turn Belladonna N'- 733 ex 
hortis nollratibus ; uti et alia bland* feorfim pofua cum 
titulo Belladonna ex Promontorio Bonae Spei. G. 


Descr. Bulb nearly twice the bignefs of a fwan's egg, 
tnteguments pale brown, membranous ; leaves of a bright apple- 
green colour, not glaucous, attaining their full fize towards 
l he end of January, inner ones about three feet high and an 
inch and a half broad, outer far fhorter and two inches broad; 


fcape three feet high, about an inch in diameter towards the 
bafe ; flowers produced in ]une and July, about four inches 
long, white fading to a blufh or pale rofe-colour, but not in 
ftreaks ; we did not perceive that they had any fcent. On 
turning back to the article in No. 733 of this work, where the 
plant had on the authority of Miller in his " Icones" been 
added as variety j3 to Belladonna, it will be feen that we then 
fufpe&ed it to be a diftincl: fpecies ; whkh conjefture an 
infpe&ion of the growing fpecimen has made a certainty. It 
would be fuperfluous to particularize differences, which a 
comparifon of the figures and defcriptions of the two plants 
will fo eafily fhew. In Belladonna the fegments of the corolla 
do not cohere at all beyond their bafe, but converge in fuch 
way as to give the appearance of their fo doing ; the leaves are 
of a dark dingy green, fcarcely more than half an inch broad, 
and never attain a length in any way equalling the fcape ; which 
circumftances are here mentioned, becaufe they were omitted in 
our account of that fpecies. Blanda. is a native of the Cape of 
Good Hope, where it was gathered by Sir Joseph Banks. 
Was fen t to Miller in 1754 by Van Roykn from Holland, 
and flowered in the Chelfea garden. Our drawing was made 
from a fpecimen that bloomed laft June in the very fine col- 
lection of rare and beautiful Cape bulbs at Mr. Griffin's, 
South- Lambeth, a fource from which the liberality of its 
pofleflor entitles us to hope that many other curious and new 
fubjefts may be obtained for our work. A fpace of nearly 
fix months was fou *id to intervene between the flowering of 
this fpecies and the full growth of its foliage. G. 


Amaryllis formosissima ; fupra No. 47. At the bot- 
tom of the margin of page 157 of Clusius's " Hiftoria 
Plantarum," this plant is recorded by the denomination of 
" Narciffus indicus jacobaeus ;" the author telling us in the 
text, that " the furname" had fuggefted itfelf to his friend 
Dr. Simon Tovar, feeing the great refemblance its flower 
bore to the crimfon fword worn as a badge by the knights of 
the Spanifh order of St. James. We have added this note in 
confequence of having been frequently afked by cultivators, 
whence that fpecies had acquired the appellation of the 
" Jacobaea Lily," by which it is fo generally known among 
them. Q. 


-Pub 2>y \^Omt^A WyJvrorMj/nr /!<>,'« 

C *45* ] 

Anthericum annuum. Annual 

Oafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. (infera G.) 6-partita, patens, aequalis, deciJua. JhI. 
(omnia v. interiora) barbata (nuncinsequaliter veletoblblete G.) 
Anthers verfatiles. Germ, loculis polyfpermis. Stylus filiformis. 
Stig. fubpapulofum. Capfula fubglobofa, 3-loc, 3-valv., valvis 
medio feptiferis, Sem. pauca, angulata, unibilico nudo. B-roiini 
Prod. Fl. Nov. Holland. 1. 275. 

Obs. Herbae Jape annua. Radix fajciculato-fibroja (rhlzomatt nunc 
caudejecnte G.) y rariujve tuberofa,. Folia lineuna y canaliculata, /apt. 
tamofa. Racemi Jimplices. Pedunculi fditaru> cum calyce arliudati 
Flores erefii, flavi f<v. albi G.J Sta.rn.Jape declinata. Filamentorum 
barba laxa. Embryo in quibujdam retlus. Brown ioc. cit. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

ANTHERICUM annuum ; foliis pluribus, radicalibus, lineari- 
attenuatis, teretibus, introrfum fubcanaliculato-depreflls, 
ere&o-divergentibus; fcapo fubaltiori teretifblio ; racemo 
fimplici plurifloro diftanter fubthyrfifbrmi j pedicellis 
crafliufculis, inferiori florem brafteamque naviculari- 
cufpidatam pluries exfuperante j corolla erefta rotata, 
laciniis extimis ovato-lanceolatis obtufis, intimis latioribus 
elliptico-lanceolatis ; filamentis immediate hypogynis Tub 
tertiam brevioribus, incurvefcentibus, infra apicem partim 
ac inaequaliter barbatis inde calvis, alternorum fubbrevi- 
orum barba pauca annulari, reliquorum copiofiori, fupremj 
omnium plurimum atque extrorfum fubcriltato-fecunde ; 
antheris exiguis didymo-ovatis introrfum a dorfo penfili- 
bus; germine fulvo-nitente, 6-torofo-ellipuco, 6-fulco, 
umbilicatim depieflb ; ftylo parum longiori inclufo, 


ftamina fuperante, triquetro-aciculari, apiculo ftigmatofo 

depreffiufculo fubpenicellatim pubefcente. (7. 
ANTHERICUM annuum. Linn. Sp. PL ed. 2. 1. 446. Mill 

Diff. ed. 8. *. 7. Lam. Encyc. 1. 199. n. 4. Medic us Bot. 

Beobacht. (1783.) 49. Hort. Kew. 1. 450. ed. 2. 2. 270. 

Decand. 8. Willi. Sp. PL 2. 145. 
A. foliis carnofis fubulatis planiufculis. Hort. Up/. 83. Mill, 

Dicl. ed. 7. ?i. 7. 
A. acaule, foliis fetaceis caule anguftioribus. Wachend. Ultraj. 

ASPHODELUS africanus anguftifolius luteus minor. Tourne/. 

M- 343- 

Descr. An annual fibrous-rooted plant; leaves feveral, 
6 — 8 inches high, filled with watery pulp ; /cape one or more 
of the fame ihape, but rather thicker than thefe; raceme 7 — 14- 
flowered ; lower pedicle an inch or more long, green, ftraighu 
others fimilar but gradually fhorter ; corolla yellow, fcarcely 
half an inch in diameter ; /egments marked with a green ex- 
ternal vertical fubcarinate line ; anthers pale yellow ; Jligma 
whitifh ; cap/ule membranous round-trigonal ; /eeds tetrahcdral, 
3 — 4 in each cell, blackifh. Native of the Cape of Good Hope, 
Cultivated by P. Miller, in 1748. Flowered at Mr. Ha- 
worth's, where bur drawing was taken, in Auguft. G, 


WoZirorlfa#ara$t2. J?S*^i 

[ 1452 ] 
Aloe albicans. Hard-leaved Aloe. 

C/^/i a#i Order. 
Hex an dr i a Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — Vid* No. 1352. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

ALOE albicans ; (ecaudicata ; flores e minor ibus, bilabiati, 
erecli ;) foliis numerofis rofaceo-aggregatis patentibus, 
ovato-acuminads, brevibus, rigidiflimis, cruftam cartila- 
gineam tenuem glabram diaphanam tod eorum fuperficiei 
aequabiliter obdu&am pallide tranflucendbus, fupra de- 
prefliufculis infra convexis, carinato-cufpidads, marginis 
atque carinas cartilagine crafliore vitreo-pellucente quan- 
doque imperfefte dentiente ; caule fubquadriramofo ; ra- 
cemis laxius multifloris*; pedicellis flore quate/ breviori- 
bus ; corolla fubventricofo-cylindrica pro tribus partibus 
concreta, bilabiato-aperta, laciniis obtufis, externis duplo 
anguftioribus, labii fuperioris explicadoribus, inferioris 
media magis convoluta quam reliquae ; fructifkadonis 
organis corolla duplo brevioribus. G. 

ALOE albicans. Haworth in Linn. Tranf. 7. 8. Hort. Kew. 
ed. 2. 299. 

A. marginata. Lamarck Encyc. 1. 89. n. 17. 

A. africana humilis folio in fummitate triangulari et rigidiflimo, 
marginibus albicantibus. CommcLPrahui. 8i. tab. 35; fine 
flore. Id. in lc. Plant. Rat, 48. tab. 48 ; cum flore. 

Descr. Leaves about two inches long, about one and a 
naif broad at the wideft part ; ftcm about a foot and half high ; 
corolla upright-divergent, half an inch long, dingyly party- 
coloured with white, purple, and green; the cartilaginous 
efflorefcence which ufually (hews itfelf on the leaves of this 
genus in varioufly difperfed tubercles, prickles, &c ; is here 
confluent, and fpreads itfelf in a thin even coat over their 


whole furface ; and being whitifli and tranfparent imparts a 
hue that at once diftinguifhes the fpecies from its congeners. 
Comes the neareft to margaritifera (N 5s - 815, 1360) of any 
other known to us. Native of the Cape of Good Hope, from 
whence it was imported into the Kew Gardens, by Mr. 
Masson in 1795 ; but had been known in the Dutch collec- 
tions long before. A very rare plant, and according to Mr. 
Haworth (to whom we are obliged for the fpecimen) difficult 
to preferve, as well as to propagate. Should be kept in the 
greenhoufe ; blooms in Auguft ; has no fcent. G. 


Aloe depressa j fupra No. 1332. At the fuggeltion of 
Mr. Haworth, we have looked again to the article Aloe 
ferra in the " Plantes graffes" of Decandolle, and are now 
convinced as well as that gentleman, that it is the fame with 
deprejfa, and ought to be added to the fynonymy of that fpecies ; 
although the figure is miferably uncharafteriftic. 

Aloe ferra. Decandolle 80 ; cum icone ma fa. 

[ M53 ] 

Pancratium speciosum. Balsam-scented 

Generic Char after. — Vid. No. 1419. 

Specific Char after and Synonyms. 

PANCRATIUM fpeciofum j (umbella phiri-multifiora curtim 
pedicellata ; corona c majoribus ;)" foliis plurimis (8 — 14), 
bifariis, fpathulato-ellipticis cum acumine, obfcurius 
nervofo-ftriatis, in petiolum femiteretem crafTum tenia 
circiter breviorcm mukoties anguftiorem fenfim decref- 
centibus ; fpathae valvis convoluto-oblongis, tubi medium 
fuperantibus, retrofrangendis; pedicelliscraffisgermen fub- 
aequantibus, bra£tea ligulata fpathae ifometra interltinftis j 
germine elliptico, rotundato-trigono faciebus fulcatis, 
loculis collaterali-difpermis ; corollas tubo lineari-triquetro, 
ftriato, limbi laciniis fubduplo breviore ; his lineari-lanceo- 
latis, recurvatis, obfoletius carinatis, deorfum invoiuto- 
concavis ; extimis fublatioribus, firmioribus, mucrone glo- 
chidiformi ; membrana ftaminilega turbinato-expanfa, 
Tugulofa, a limbo prorfus difcreta eoque Tub duas tertias 
breviore, margine repanda dentibus interftamineis fenis 
fubulatis (quorum nunc unus aut et alter obfo/efit, rarius 
dividitur) ; (taminibus corona femel cum una fexta circiter 
longioribus, inflexo-divergentibus ; ftylo quam limbus 
paulifper breviore, fuperne viridi ; itigmate capitellato- 
trigono, obfcure pubefcente, intcnfius viridi. G. 

PANCRATIUM fpeciofum, Salijbury in Liwm. Trmf. 2. 73. 
tab. 12. Hort. Kew. ed. 2. 2. 219; (exclufu Botan. Magaz. 
et LiL a Red.) Willi. Sp. PL 2. 44. 

Discr. Bulb deprefled-fphaerical, about the fize of a 
turkey's egg, integuments numerous, membranous, brownifh ; 
leaves of a very dark green colour, from a foot and a half to 
two feet long, from three to four inches acrofs the broadeft 
P art > in number uncertain, feveral frefli ones being pro- 

duced each time the plant blooms, while the old ones do not 
decay in proportion, at leatt in our (loves ; /cape rather fhorter 
than the foliage, compreffed, ancipital, ftreakletted; fpathe iwo 
inches or more in length, white-green ; umbel 7 — 15-flowered, 
intermixed with bracles as long as the fpathe but narrower ; 
flowers pure white, nearly nine inches long, very ornamental, 
extremely fragrant, efpecially in the evening, retaining their 
fcent for many months when dried ; the cells of the germen in 
all the fpecimens we examined were difpermous, as in Pan- 
cratium amboinenfe ; No. 1419. We do not know a more 
defirable ftove-plant than this. Has been confounded in the 
late edition of the Hortus Kewenfis with the caribaum of 
No. 826 of the prefent work, which had been miltaken by 
Redoute in his Liliaceesfor the prefent fpecies, andpublilhed 
by him under the appellation offpeciofum. G. 



[ 1454 ] 
Anthericum pugioniforme. Round- 
rooted Anthericum. 

#-$ hMhjhNi IhMhNHhNMhMnI' 

Clqfs and Order, 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. — Vid. N m - 1451. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

ANTHERICUM pugioniforme ; rhizomate tuberofo, deprefTo- 
fphaeroideo fibris craffis fufiformibus ; foliis fcapo fub- 
tardioribus paucis, fafciculato-divergentibus, craffis, pul- 
pofis, tereti-fubulatis, introrfum fubcanaliculato-depreflis, 
glabris, glauciufculis, baft" per vaginas radicales plures 
membranaceas turn fphacelatas turn herbaceas acuminaias 
convoluto-imbricatas conclufis ; fcapo iftis adultis parum 
altiori, plurimum graciliori, tereti, fimpliciffimo, erecli- 
ufculo ; racemo numerofo laxius fpicato et deorfum fub- 
interrupte ; pedicellis filiformibus, ereclo-divergentibus, 
bra&eanaviculari-fubulata glabra incurvatafloreque claufo 
longioribus ; corolla radiato-explanata, laciniis oblongis, 
linea media verticali viridi extrorfum carinato-prominula 
infignitis, extimis lanceolatis, fubanguftioribus ; filamentis 
corollae et inter fe aequalibus, ere&o-divergentibus, inae- 
qualiter barbatis, exterioribus parcius et medium tantum- 
modo verfus, caeterum fubcalvis ; antheris brevibus ob- 
longis ; germine viridefcente, ovato-oblongo, obfcurius 
hexagono-ftriato, quam ftylus ter breviore ; ftylo triquetro- 
filiformi ftaminibus aequali, apiculo ftigmatofo depreffo- 
trigonulo obfcurius pubefcente. G. 

ANTHERICUM pugioniforme. Jacq, Ic. Rar. 2. tab. 405. 
Coll. 5. 83. Bot. Repofit. tab, 386. Hort. Kezv. ed. 2. 2. 
270. mild. Sp. PL 2. 144. 

Descr. RootJIock brown, an inch and half in diameter; 
leaves about four, when full-grown nearly a foot and half 


high, about the thicknefs of the little finger towards their 
bafe and purplifh when young, filled with a watery pulp ; 
lower rootjheaths purplifh, upper herbaceous and white towards 
the circumference, from one to near two inches long ; /cape 
near two feet high, glaucous ; bracles and pedicles green ; 
corolla tawny-yellow, when clofely infpe&ed glittering ; fila- 
mentous beard bright yellow, fometimes greenifh ; anthers yel- 
low ; Jlyle paler. Introduced from the Cape of Good Hope, 
by Mr. Masson, in 1793. We are indebted to Mr. Cuff, 
of Curzon-Street, for the fpecimen from which our drawing 
was made; it flowered in his greenhoufe laft November. As 
far as we could perceive, the whole plant was fcentlefs. G. 


'yd m £'J**rdrD._l IhllyJ'ur/i.r W a /v. 

[ 1455 ] 
Aloe spiralis. Rough-flowered Aloe* 

f ♦ j f ♦♦♦♦*♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ WE 

Generic Characler. — Fid. No. 1352. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

ALOE fpiralis g (caudex gracilis totus imbricato-foliaius ; fiorcs 
e minoribus, erecJi, regular es ;) foliis fparfis, plurifariam 
(quandoque per feries ducJufpirali continentes) ambientibus, 
atro-viridibus, brcvibus, ovali-attenuatis, carinato-cufpi- 
datis, fubpulvinatis, minutiflime puncliculatis, carina et 
margine denticulato-fcabratis, caudicem fubconniventcr 
loricantibus ; caule ftriclo, fimplici fubramofove ; racemo 
multifloro, laxius fpicato, erefto, patulo ; pedicellis flore 
bis terve brevioribus, bra&eae convoluto-acuminatae ca- 
rinatae fubifometris ; corolla refta, cylindrico-trigona, 
fexftriata, juxta infra os conftri&a, extrinfecus rugis 
callofis denfe fcabrata, laciniis apice replicato-patulis, 
exterioribus citra tres partes inter fe concretis reliquas 
ifometras concludentibus; ftaminibus corolla parum bre- 
vioribus, alterne fublongioribus; antheris curtim fagittatis; 
germine columellari, viridi, fexftriato, ftylum filiformi- 
triquetrum fubaequante ; ftigmate depreffo, pubcrulo. G. 

ALOE fpiralis. Linn. Sp. PI. ed. 2. 1. 459. Syjl. Veg. ed. 14. 
337. Tbunb. Dijf. 14. Prod. 6u Mill. Did. cd. 8. n. 12. 
Decand. PL Gr. 56. Hort, Kew. ed. 2. 2. 291. 

A. fpiralis. a. imbricata. Hort. Kew. 1. 471. Mart. Mill. 
Did. n. 12. Willd. Sp. PL 2. 191 / (exclufa pqjfimvar. j3.j 

A. imbricata. Hawortb in Linn. Tranf. 7. 7. n. 4. 

A. cylindracea. (Aloes cylindrique.) Lamarck Dicl. Encyc. 1. 
89. n. 19. ... ., 

A. floribus feffilibus ovatis crcnatis fegmentis interionbus con- 
niventibus. Mill. Dicl. ed. 7. //. 12. 

A. africana erecla rotunda, folio parvo et in acumen rigidiflTi- 
mum exeunte. Dillen. Eltb. 16* tab. i§.fig. 14. Commcl. 
Pralud. 83. tab. 32. 

Descr. Caudex from an inch to a foot high ; when dripped 
of the leaves flender > corolla whitifh, about half an inch 


long, fcentlefs. Native of Africa ; cultivated by Sherrard, 
at Eltham, and by Miller, at Chelfea; blooms about Auguft, 
which, however, it is not fo free to do as its clofely allied 
congener pentagona (vid. No. 1338). 

Our drawing was taken from a plant in Mr, Ha worth's 
greenhoufe. G, 


/ ti. I 

C H5 6 ] 


or Anotta. 

jit. -?Ii. jk.^t.Jit. jJt..>Jl.^i. •sk..^»..»!i.J?t.J>!«.j&.jJi. *'«. 

C/tf/> a«i/ Order, 


Generic Charatler. 
Cor. 10-petala. Ca/. 5-dentatus. C2/>/ hifpida, 2-vaIvis. 

Specific Name and Synonyms. 

BIX A Orellana. Sp. PL 730. /?«V£. 2. 580. Willi. 2. 1154. 

Mar/. Mill. Dicl. G<ert. FrucJ. 1. 292. /. 61./. 3. Hor/. 

A>zt>. <?aVV. a//. 3. p. 296. 
BIX A. f/or/. Cliff. 2ii. Brown. Jam. 254. 
BIXA Oviedi. Cluf. Exot. 74. Z?a«£. #//?. 1. pan 2. p. 440. 
MITELLA americana maxima tincloria. Tourn. Lift. 242. 
ORLEANA. f. ORELLANA folliculis lappaceis. Pluk. Aim. 

272. Phytog. 2 09. f. 4 . 
URUCU <S7fc2«,? ////?. 2. p. 52. /. 181./. 1. 
ROCU Merian Surin. 44. /. 44. 
ACHIOTL Hern. Mex. 74. 
PIGMENTARIA Rumph Amboyn. 2. 79. /. 19. 
ARNOTTA SHRUB. Hughes Barbad. 202. Bancroft Guian. 

p. 27. 
Arbor mexicana, fructu caftanese, coccifera. Bauh. Pin. 419. 

Raj. Hiji. 1771. 
Arbor finium Regundorum. Dalech.Hijl.\%%\. 

Bixa Orellana is a handfome ftove fhrub from its fine green 
foliage, though it very rarely produces any flowers in this 
country : Miller remarks that he had feveral of thefe plants 
jeven or eight feet high, with ftrong ftems and large heads, 
but that only one produced flowers, nor had he heard of its 
flowering in any of the gardens in Europe. 


Native of South-America, the Weft and Eaft-Indies ; at 
leaft it is cultivated in thefe parts of the world, chiefly for 
the fake of the colour extracted from the feeds, and which is 
known here by the name of Anotta, or cheefe-colouring, 
being the drug commonly ufed in Gloucefterfhire to give a 
deeper colour to their cheefe. It is faid too to be added to 
their butter, for the fame purpofe, by the Dutch dairy women. 
The Indians paint the whole of their bodies with this colour; 
and it is fometimes ufed as a rouge by European females. 
The South-American Spaniards make great ufe of it as an 
ingredient in their chocolate and foups, not only for the fake 
of its colour, but on account of its fuppofed cordial virtues. 

It fhould be kept conftantly in the bark-ftove. Is propa- 
gated by feeds. 

We were favoured with the opportunity of taking our 
drawing by the Comtefle De Vandes, in whofe curious 
collection at Bays-Water it flowered in November laft. 

C 1457 ] 

Sempervivum soboliferum. Hen and 
Chicken House-leek. 

Clafs and Order. 


Generic Charafter, 
Cal. 12-partitus. Pet. 12. Cap/. 12, polyfpermae. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

SEMPERVIVUM foboliferum g propaginibus globofis deci- 

dentibus, petalis fenis ereftis fimbriatis, foliis caulinis lan- 

ceolato-ovatis imbricatis. 
SEMPERVIVUM petalis fimbriatis, fobole compa&a. Schmid. 

Ic. 95. t, 26. 
SEDUM majus vulgari fimile, globulis decidentibus. Morif. 

Hifl. 3. p. 472. f. 12. /. 7. /. 18. quoad defcriptionem, 

figura vero vix quadrat. 
SEDUM vel SEMPERVIVUM majus foliis acutis, floribus 

albis. Weinm. Phyt. 4. /. 913. 

In the Enumeration of the plants contained in the firft twenty 
volumes of this work, publifhed with the general indexes, we 
acknowledged the receipt of a letter from Mr. Jonathan 
Wilson, of Congleton, in which the writer ftates that our 
figure of Sempervivum globiferum, No. 507, does not belong 
to the Sedum majus globulis decidentibus of Mori son ; which 
obfervation we found to be quite correct. The fa6t is, that 
Linn^us confounded two diftinct. fpecies under the name of 
globiferum t which miftake has been continued by moft or all 
Botanifts fince ; although the one has almoft conftantly fix, 
the other twelve petals, with double the number of filaments, 
and both are in almoft every other refpeci unlike. 


The Hen and Chicken is fo called from the numerous glo- 
bular offsets which come out on (lender threads from every 
part of the mother plant, and falling off^ take root and become 
fo many diftincl; plants. The increafe is fo great in this way, 
that the propagation by feeds becomes unneceffary, and there- 
fore the plant may be kept for many years together without 
fhewing any difpofition to throw up flowering ftems ; but if 
the young offspring are conftantly taken off, and only one, or 
at mod two or three of the rofettes, connected by larger 
runners, are fuffered to remain, the plant will generally flower 
in the courfe of the following fummer. 

The fpecies raoft nearly allied to, and perhaps hardly fufficiently 
diftinft from this, is the hirtum ; Sempervivum fetalis fim- 
briates fobolc patula, of Schmidel. Sempervivum foboli- 
ferum is much more common with us than globiferum t and the 
one cultivated by Miller, in 1773, probably belongs to the 

\/ / .- 

C 1458 ] 


■#--#- + $ ++ *^- frf ^--#- #- f+ f+ 

C/ii/} j»</ Order. 


Generic Charatler. 

Cor, 4-fida. Ca/. nullus. J/12;/;, fauci infcrta. A r «# corticata, 

Specific Charatler and Synonym. 

PlMELEA rofea ; involucris tetraphyllis lanceolato-ovatis 
utrinque glabris, tubo inarticulato infernc hifpido, foliis 

PlMELEA rofea ; involucris tetraphyllis : foliolis lanceolato- 
ovatis acutis utrinque glabris, perianthii tubo inarticulato: 
dimidio inferiore hifpido, foliis lanceolato-linearibus. 
Brown Prod. Nov. Holl. 360. 

The genus Pimelea is a very extenfive one; Brown's 
Prodromus containing no fewer than thirty-four fpecies ; only 
two of which are as yet to be met with in our gardens. 

In fome, the leaflets of the involucrum are but little different 
from the other leave?, and in many fpecies the tube of the 
corolla is jointed, in which cafe the lowermoft portion is 
perfiftent. In the prefent fubjeft the tube has no joint, but 
the lower half of it is covered with long hairs, while the upper 
half and the limb is naked or only clothed with a fliort down. 
In Pimelea linifolia (No. 891) the limb of the corolla only 
is hairy. 

The Pimelea rofea is a native of the fouthern parts of 
New-Holland, and has been cultivated, for ionic years paft, 
in the royal garden at Kew, though not inferted in the new 
edition of the Hortus Kewenfis. It is a very defirable green- 
houfe plant ; flowering great part of the year, and propagated 
by cuttings. Received from Meffrs. Malcolm and Sweet's 
Nurfcry, Kennington, in May 1811. 


WalwrtAjtptU f. 1gf*. 


C 1459 ] 

Parnassia Caroliniana. Carolina 

Grass of Parnassus. 

•* titfitl ♦♦♦!♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦ 

Oafs and Order. 
Pentandria Tetragynia. 

Generic Charatler. 

Cal. 5-partitus. Pet. 5. Neclaria 5, cordata, ciliata : api- 
cibus globofis. Cap/. 4-vaIvis. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

PARNASSIA caroliniana; foliis radicalibus fuborbiculatis, 
ne&ariis tripartitis. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 2. />. 177. 

PARNASSIA Caroliniana ,- foliis radicalibus fuborbiculatis 
appendicibus trifetis. Micbaux Fl. Bor. Am. 1. p. 184. 

This is a rather larger plant than Parnassia palujiris y 
but the infide of the corolla is lefs beautiful, from the greater 
fimplicity of the neclaries t which in the latter confift of a 
number of threads, each fupporting a globular, Alining, yellow 
gland ; whereas in caroliniana > each neftary, of which there 
are five in both fpecies, confifts of only three of thefe pedicled 

Native of the bogs of North-Carolina, andfaid byMicHAux 
to be firft difcovered by Mr. Bosc. Introduced to the Kew 
Gardens in 1782, by Mr. Masson. Flowers in July to 
September. Propagated by parting its roots. Communicated 
by Mr. Gibbs. 


In which the Latin Names of * 

the Plants contained in the *• 


Thirty - Fifth Volume are alpha- * 

betically arranged. 


420 Allium pallens. 

43 2 

45 2 




45 1 



Aloe albicans. 

• fpiralis. 

Amaryllis blanda. 


Anthericum annuum. 

. pugioniforme. 

Arthropodium paniculatum 

439 Aftroloma humifufum. 
456 Bixa orellana. 

443 Brunfvigia falcata. 
431 Commelina Africana. 

436 Cotyledon crenata. 

437 Cymbidium coccineum. 

438 Cytifus leucanthus. 

440 Datura Metel. 

444 Drimia Ciliaris. 

442 Edwardfia microphylla. 

427 Eryngium corniculatum. 

447 Euryale ferox. 

428 Globba fefliliflora. 

448 Gypfophila repens. 
433 Hemerocallis japonica. 
423 Jufticia bicolor. 

449 Lantana trifolia. 

446 Ocimum fcutellarioides. 

441 Pxonia daurica. 

422 hmnilis. 


Pancratium amboinenfe. 

Parnaffia Caroliniana. 
425 Penftemon laevigata 
424 - 

pubefcens, v. a, lati- 

Pimelea rofea. 
Sabal Adanfoni. 
y Salvia hablitziana. 
457 Sempervivum foboliferum. 
435 Tradefcantia Criftata. 
445 Triglochin bnlbofum. 
426 Zingiber Cafumunar. 



In which the Englifh Names of 
the Plants contained in the 
Thirty- Fifth Volume are alpha- 
betically arranged. 


452 Aloe, hard-leaved. 

455 « rough-flowered. 

450 Amaryllis, Blufh-Lily. 

430 cinnabar-flowered. 

Anotta, <v. Bixa. 

451 Anthericum, annual. 

454 round-rooted. 

445 Arrow-Grafs, bulbous-rooted. 

421 Arthropodium, panicled. 

439 Aftroloma, Juniper-leaved. 

446 Bafil, fkull- cap-like. 

456 Bixa, heart. leaved, or Anotta. 

443 Brunfwick-Lily, fweet-fcented. 

426 Cafmunar, or Hairy Ginger. 

431 Commelina, yellow Cape. 

437 Cymbidium, fcarlet-flowered. 

438 Cytifus, pale-flowered. 

433 Day-LilyofJapan,fweet-fcented. 

444 Drimia, fringed-leaved. 
442 Edwardfia, fmall-leaved. 

427 Eryngium, one-horned. 

447 Euryale, prickly. 
420 Garlic, pale-flowered. 

432 pendulous-flowered. 

428 Globba, feflile-flowered. 
459 Grafs of Parnaffus, Carolina. 

448 Gypfophila, creeping. 

457 Houfe-leek, Hen and Chicken. 

423 Jufticia, dotted-flowered. 

449 Lantana, three-leaved. 

436 Navel- wort, fcollop-leaved. 

434 Palmetto, fvvamp, or dwarf Sabal. 
419 Pancratium Amboyna. 

424 Penftemon, broad-leaved, hairy. 

425 fmooth. 

441 Paeony, Daurian. 

422 dwarf. 

458 Pimelea, rofe-coloured. 

429 Sage, Hablitz's. 

453 Sea-Daffodil, balfam-fcented. 

435 Spiderwort, creft-bunched. 

440 Thorn-apple, downy. 

Trintcrf by S. Cotichman, Throgmorton-Strect, London. 


Botanical Magazine,- 

O R, 

Flower-Garden Difplayed : 

The moil Ornamental Foreign Plants, cultivated in the 
Open Ground, the Green -Houfe, and the Stove, are 
accurately reprefented in their natural Colours. 


Their Names, Clafs, Order, Generic and Specific Characters, according 

to the celebrated ; their Places of Growth, 

and Times of Flowering: 




Intended for the Ufe of fuch Ladies, Gentlemen, and Gardeners, as 
wifh to become fcientifically acquainted with the Plants they cultivate. 



Fellow of the Linnean Society. 


The Flowers, which grace their native beds, 

Awhile put forth their blufhing heads, 

But, e'er the clofe of parking day, 

They wither, fhrinK, and die away : 

But these, which mimic fkill hath made, 

Nor fcorched by funs, nor killed by fhade, 

Shall blufh wit:i lefs inconftant hue, 

Which ar r at pleafure can renew. Lloyd. 

Printed by Stephen Couchman, Throgmorton-Street. 

P"blifhed by Sherwood, Neely, & Jones, 20, Puteniofler-Row, 

And Sold by the principal Bookfellersin Great-Britain and Ireland. 



\H Ml 4 

•XV- ^> 

C^ I r A \\ V4 


j hi & Y j: a*j& w&tror/A a, v 

v 'am J'c- 

[ H6o J 
Aloe saponaria(«). Common Soap-Aloe. 
$$♦»♦» j jHfHfr ♦»♦♦♦$$$$ 

Clafs and Order. 

Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Cbaracler. — Fid. No. 1352. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

ALOE Japonaria. Vide Cbar. Spec, fupra in No. 1346. 

A. faponaria. Haworth in Linn. Iran/. 7. 17. n. 35 ; (exclufz 

varietate obfcura). 
(«.) minor ; foliis anguftioribus Tub dio rubro-fufcefcentibus ; 

caule fimplici vel corymbofo-ramofo. G. 
A. faponaria. minor. Haw. loc. cit. 
A. umbellata. Decandolle PL Gr. 98 ; (exclufisfynonymis qua fupra 

in No. 1 323 ad piclam allegata repcrietis). 
A. picla ; (3; minor. Willd. Sp. PL 2. 186; (taniummodo tamen 

fynonyvw Horti Kewenfs tenus ,• Dillenii el Idnnxi enim ad 

pi&am A 77 - 1323 fpeclant). 
A. perfoliata; t; faponaria. Hort. Kew. 1. 467. 
A. perfoliata ; 0, x. Linn. Sp. PL ed. 1. 438. 
A. difticha. Mill. Dif/. ed. 8. #. 5. 

A. maculqfa; (mouchete). Lamarck Dic7. Enc. 1. 87. ». 9. 
A. caulefcens foliis caulem ample&entibus floribus aurantiacis. 

Bradley HijL PL Succ. dec. 4.11. cum Ic. 
A. africana maculata fpinofa major. Dillen. Hcrt. Elth. 17. tab. 

14. Jig. 15. .... 
A. caulefcens foliis fpinofis maculis ab utraque parte albican- 

tibus notatis. Comm. Hort. Amfl. 2. 9. tab. 5 ,• Jine fl. Boerb. 

ind. alt. 2. 230. n. 19. 
((3.) major; foliis latioribus; caule corymbofo ramofo. Vide 
fupra No. 1346. 

Altogether a lefs plant than the variety |3 ; having narrower 
leaves, which are ftraighter at the fides ; the raceme is alfo 
ihorter and fewer-flowered. The fame plant produces fomc- 
times a Ample, at others a corymbofely branched flower-ftem. 
We have never feen the leaves of (3 affume a liver-coloured tint, 
which we have always obferved thofe of a to do when placed in 
the open air during the fummer. Our drawing was made from a 
plant that flowered laft year in Mr. Haworth's grcenhoufe, 
For an account of the fpecies, &c. fee No. 1346. G. 



WalvcrtA -4faV ' *gt2 

jr L rtm/t>"> 1 

C 1461 ] 

scilla non scripta (/3). plnk-coloured 

Generic Chancier. — Vid. N h - 663, 746, 918, 919, ct 1185, 


(ex..) flore caeruleo. 

SCILLA > nfcripta. Link ef Hoffm. in der gefell. zu Berlin 
neue/cbr. 4. (1803) 19. lid. in Ann. of Bot. 1. 103. Lil. a Red. 
tab. 224. Nob. fupra No, 1185. verf.fol. 

S. nutans. Smith FIoy, Brit. 1. 366. Eng. Bot. tab. 377. Lam, 
et Dec and. Ft. Franc. 3. 211. 

S. fejlaiis. Salijbury Prod. Hort. 242. 

USTERIA by acini bifora. Medicus in Acl. Palat. v.phyf. 6. 480, 

V.fecunda. Id. in Ujleri Ann. der Bot. Stuck. 2. 11. 

HYACINTHUS pratenfis. Lamarck Encyc. 3, 190. 

H. non fcriptus. Linn. Sp. PL ed. 2. 1. 453. BulUard. Herb. 
ia b* 353* Curt. Lond. tab. 139. Hort. Kew. 1. 457. ed. 2. 2. 
282. IVilld. Sp.Pl. 2. 166. 

H. corollis campanulatis fexpartitis apice revolutis. Mill. Did. 
ed. 7. n. 1. 

H. non fcriptus. Dodon. Pempt. 2. lib. 2. 216. Dodonsei 

Cluf. Rift. 177; cum icone perperam Hyacinthi hifpanici titulo 
in/ignita, quafifi effet plant* illic proxime ante traclat* (qu* 
Scilla campanulata N 1 - fuperioris 1102J, cum eft revera 
feclionis cui ajlat, ubi defpecie pr*fenti dicitur. 

H. anglicus. Ger. Emac. 111. 1. Park. Par. tab. 125./ 5. 

H. anglicus belgicus vcl hifpanicus. Park. Par. 122. 

(j3.) flore incarnate 

SCILLA ccrnua. Link et Hoffm. he. cit u 

HYACINTHUS cernuus. Linn. Sp. PI. ed. 2.1. 453- Mill.Dicl. 

ed. 8. n. 4. IVilld. Sp. PL 2. 167 ; (nee tamen editionis prim* 

Horti Kezvenfts, qui fecundwn exemplarium in Herb. Bankf. 

Scilla campanulas var. carnca). Paftim citatum Clufii 

fynonymon icone tantum tenus retinendum, exclufo textu. 

H. corollis campanulatis fexpartitis racemo cernuo. Mill. Dicl. 
ed. 7. n. 4. 

H. anglicus aut belgicus flore incarnato. Ger. Emac. 112. 3. 

(y.) flore albo. 

H. alfcrus anglicus. Gen Emac. 111. 2. 

6 This 

This plant, the Hyacinthus cernuus of" the above-cited 
work of Linn vE us, is, as we have ftated in the latter part of the 
article Scilla campanulata in No. 1102, a variety of Scilla 
nonfcripta, and not to be confounded with the pink one of the 
fpecies we are there fpeaking of. In the fame place will be 
found our opinion of that which milled Linnaeus to confider 
the plant as diftinct from his H. nan fcriptus, and to adopt, as 
diftin&ions between them, marks that are nowife conftant as 
fuch; as well as to fpeak of it as peculiar to Spain. When 
he defcribes the degree of bending in its raceme, which he does 
in a note, it is plain he could not have had a variety of cam- 
panulata in view ; although the fpecimen in the Bankfian Her- 
barium {hews that the compilers of the firft edition of the Hortus 
Kewenfis afterwards had; in the laft edition indeed there is no 
mention of the fpecies as diftinft from nonfcripta and campanulata. 
Miller had obferved that the plant appeared to be a mere 
variety of the Englifh Harebell. We infert Gerard's account 
of the fpecies : " The blew Harebels or Englifh Jacinth is very 
common throughout England. The white Englifh Jacinth is 
altogether like the precedent, faving that the leaves of this are 
fomewhat broader, the flowers more open, and very white of 
colour. There is found wilde in many places of England 
another fort, having flowers of a faire carnation colour, which 
maketh a difference from the other. The blew Harebells grow 
wilde in woods, copfes, and in borders of fields every where 
thorow England. The other two are not fo common, yet do 
they grow in the woods by Colchefter in Effex, in the fields 
and woods by South-Fleet neere unto Gravefend in Kent, as 
alfo in a piece of ground by Canterbury, called the Clapper ; 
in the fields by Bathe, about the woods by Warrington in Lan- 
cafhire and other places." Parkinson mentions the fpecies 
as varying with flowers " of a fine delayed purplifh red orblufh- 
colour." We have given neither fpecific character nor defcrip- 
tion in our article, thofe of the blue variety having been fo fre- 
quently and fo fully given in other works ; and the differences 
between it and campanulata will be found dated in No. 1102. 

The drawing was made from a fpecimen that was fent us la-it 
fpring from Mr. Ha worth's garden, at Little-Chelfea. G. 


No. 1452, 1. 22, poft 2. addc 2. 

No. 1455, 1. 24, pro 291 lege 297. 

No. 1459, a ca lce 1. 3, for 1782 read 1802, 

[ 14^2 ] 


•» » $ »$»»♦»»♦»$»♦ ♦ t ♦ ♦ 

Generic Character. — Fid. No. 14.16. 

Specific Character. 

PlTCAIRNIA integrifoiia; (fios regularis ; Jquamiger s ) foliis 
pluribus, lentis, lorato-attenuatis, edentulis (vel interdum 
verfus bafin parciffime ac vix nifi taSiui dentientibus), a prono 
pellicula lanuginofa candicantibus ; caulc breviori, ftrifto, 
lomentofo, aifurgenter ramofo ; racemis rcmotius multi- 
floris ere&is ; (loribus ere£to-divergentibus pedicello villofo 
duplo triplove breviore; braclea fubulato-convoluta, fpha- 
celata, tomentofa, calycibus paulifper longiore vel bre- 
viore ; calyce villofo, corollis duplo breviore, imo turbi- 
nato, lanato ; corolla contortim tubulofa, rotundato-trigona, 
furfum decrefcente, angufto ore aperta, laciniis ligulato- 
oblongis cequalibus, fquama bafeos ovato-oblonga, biden- 
tata, parvula ; ftaminibus corollam fubaequantibus ; ftig- 
matibus in lobulum exfertum fpiraliter unitis. G. 

Appears to come the neareft to angufiifolia of any known to 
us; but in that the leaves are Miff, narrow, and armed at the 
edge with horizontal widifhly fet fpines or teeth, the corolla 
neither fo (lender nor fo upright as here. In integrifoiia the 
leaves are about two feet long, pliant, and narrower than thofc 
of latifolia and bromeliafolia, having an entire margin, except that 
now and then the younger ones, when the hand is drawn along 
them, may be perceived to be fomewhat roughened at the lower 
edges ; /cape of an undulated yellow-fcarlet colour; fozvers 
fcarlet, about an inch and half long; anthers fhort, yellow. 

As far as our refearches have extended, an unrecorded 
fpecies; introduced from the Weft-Indies, by Lady Amelia 
Hume, from whofe collection we had the fpecimen from which 
our drawing has been made. Requires to be kept in the bark 
bed of the (love, where it flowers about Auguft. G. 

- /. //" 


C 1463 ] 

Gnidia imberbis. Smooth-scaled 

•$- MNHfr MhM» * f fr jt» ♦ |hM> 

Clqfs and Order, 


Generic Character. 

Gil. 0. Cor. 4-fida. SqiiamuU 4, vel 8 fupra faucem. Nux 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

GNIDIA imberbis ; foliis fparfis triquetro-linearibus acutis : 
fioralibus lineari-lanceolatis capitulo brevioribus, fquamuhs 
0Q0 imberbibus. Dryand. in llort. Kew. edit. alt. v. »« 
p* 4ts. 

GNIDIA pinifolia. Wendl Obf. 15. t. 2./ 11. 

GNIDIA Jimp lex. Bot. Repof. 70. — nee Linnaei. 

This pretty little fhrub has been known feveral years in mod 
61 our extenfive collections of Cape plants, where it was 
generally miitaken for Gnidia [implex of Linnaeus, till a 
figure of the latter was publifhed in this work (No. 812). In 
the fame manner Wend land miftook this fpecies for pinifolia, 
and applied the name of radiata to the latter. 

A tolerably hardy greenhoufe fhrub. Native of the Cape of 
Good Hope. Flowers raoft part of the fummer. Propagated 
by cuttings. Introduced about the year 1792, by Mr. Francis 

I //fa 

•/*/- Wat^rorrfi ■'Vaf t. ttt% 


;./■ Wa-ZirartH, Jlayt fail 

C *464 ] 

Jatropha integerrima. Spicy Jatropha. 
•$ -$- $ -%r 4hH* $- -& -#- -^ &~ $-$ -^ ^ t-$-# 

CAt/j and Order. 


Generic Charatler. 

Cal. (fepius) o. Cor. l-petala, infundibuliformis. Stam. 10. 
aherna breviora. 

Fem. Cal. (faepias) o. Cor. i-pctala, patens. S/j'/i 3 — 2-fidi. 
Cap/. 3-locularis. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 
JATROPHA integerrhna ; calyculata, caule arborco, foliiscor- 

datis integerrimis angulatifve, floribus dichotomo-panicu- 

latis dioicis. 
JATROPHA integerrhna ; foliis ovatis acuminatis integerrimis 

glaberrimis, racemis fubcymofis. Jacq. Amer. p. 256. /. 183. 

f. 47. IVilld. Sp. PL 4. p. 559. Perfoon Syn. 2. p. 587. 

This fplendid Jatropha, which even exceeds in brilliancy 
of colour the pandur<efolia (No. 604), was introduced into this 
country from the Ifland of Cuba, by the late Mr. Fraser, of 
Sloanc-Square. If it fhould fortunately be as eafily propagated 
as its kindred fpecies, it will prove a valuable addition to our 
ftove plants. 

That this tree is dioecious, we prefume; not only from not 
being able to find an individual female flower, but becaufe none 
of any kind is produced in the dichotomy of the panicle : the 
fituation in which alone the female flowers occur in its kindred 
fpecies, the pandurafolia. 

The bark, when dry, is flrongly aromatic, not unlike in fmell to , 
Winter's bark, but extremely fiery to the tafte, affecting the fauces 
with the fame durable acrimony, fo common to the natural order 
of tricocc<e. 

We have no doubt but that it is the Jatropha integerrhna of 
J acq u in, which this author fays is cultivated in gardens in the 
Havannah, for the fake of its beautiful fcarlet flowers, an inch 
»n diameter. In dried fpecimens brought over by Mr. Fraser, 
and now in the Herbarium of A. B. Lambert Efq. moll of 
the leaves are quite entire, fome with here and there an angular 
procefs; and the pubefcence, fo confpicuous in our drawing, 
feems, by the fpecimens, to be loft in plants that are further 

[ H§5 ] 

Dentaria diphylla. Broad-leaved, 
Tooth-wort, or Pepper-root, 

# »♦♦♦♦>!♦♦ ♦♦♦*♦♦♦ ♦ * -*- 

Clafs and Order. 
Tetradynamia Siliquosa. 

Generic Charatler. 

Siliqua elaftice difliliens val vulis revolutis. Stigma emarginatum. 
Cal. longitudinaliter connivens. 

Specific CharaRer and Synonyms. 

DENTARIA diphylla; foliolis ternis ovatis incifo-dentatis gla- 

bris : radicalibus bilobatis, ftarainibus corolla brevioribus. 
DENTARIA diphylla; radice dentata : caulibus approximatis, 

diphyllis; foliis trifoliolatis, oblongis, inaequaliter incifis; 

floribus flavefcentibus. Micbaux Fl. Am. Bor. 2. p. 3°* 

Perfoon Syn. 2. p. 194. 

The Pepper-root grows fpontaneoufly in Canada, in the 
Penfylvanian mountains, in the extenfive forefts of TenafTee, 
and in the loftieft mountains of Carolina. The inhabitants of 
thefe countries dry the root and ufe it as a condiment with their 
food, inftead of multard or pepper, whence its Anglo-American 

As our plant produced only one cauline leaf, and the flowers 
pofTefTed very little inclination to a yellow colour, we at firit 
hefitated to pronounce it to be the fame with Michaux's. But 
upon fhewing our drawing to Mr. Frederick Pursh, he 
immediately recognized it for Dentaria diphylla or Pepper- 
root, and from him we learn, that the number of leaves on 
the item is indeterminate, ftrong plants frequently throwing out 
two, nearly oppofite, and fometimes a third below. This 
gentleman has devoted feveral years to the ftudy of North- 
American botany, and we hope ere long to fee from his pen a 
more extenfive Flora of thofe regions than we have hitherto 
po defied. 

A hardy perennial ; propagated by dividing its roots ; com- 
municated by Mr. Salisbury; from his botanic garden m 




J'vi Ijr j" t fcwA" 'A r aJ^o rJH, *'Ka*s / ft *? 


[ i4«? 1 
Phyteuma cordata. Horned Rampion. 

•$ 4hM^ fr«M* fr ♦■ -^ -^ 2^- <H> ♦ W ♦ •■ 

C/<2/} <2»J Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Charatlcr. 

Cor. rotata, 5-partita : laciniis linearibus. St'tgfna 2 f. 3-fidum. 
Cap/. 2 f. 3-locularis, infera. 

Specific Charatler and Synonym. 

PHYTEUMA cordata ; bra&eis cordatis acuminatis capitulo 
fubglobofo brevioribus, foliis radicalibus oblongis cordatis 
crenatis : caulinis femiamplexicaulibus acuminatis dentatis, 
fiigmate trifido. 

PHYTEUMA cordata. Villars Delph. 2. p. 517. /. 11. f. 12. 

The above plant was communicated to us by Mr. Loddiges, 
who informs us that he railed it from feeds fent from Mount 
Caucafus, at the fame time with thofe of Phyteuma campanu- 
loides, under the name of P. como/a, from which however it is 
quite diftincl; approaching very near to orbicularis, but differing 
from that in having its radical leaves cordate, and cauline ones 
broader and half embracing the ftem. It is remarkable too by 
the globular form and canefcent appearance of the bafe of the 
corolla. In our fpecimens the ftigmas were all trifid. It appears 
to correfpond tolerably well with the defcription and figure 
above quoted from M. Villars, but cannot belong to nigra 
of Willdenow, to which Villars's plant is hefitatingly 

A hardy perennial ; propagated by feeds or parting its roots. 


■& WaJworl. 

C Hfy 1 

Pancratium amcenum. Broad spear- 
leaved Sea-Daffodil. 

Generic Characler. — %/. Afo. 1419. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

PANCRATIUM amocnum • (umhella multifiora^ fejjilis ; corona 
e majortbus ;) foliis pluribus, bifariis, a lamina elliptico- 
lanceolata ftriata in petiolum ter quater anguftiorcm de- 
crefcentibus y fpatha fubherbacea, lanceolato-convoluta ; 
umbella divaricata, ramenris paucis interftintla ; germine 
fubtrigibbo ; corollas tubo limbi laciniis fubtertiam breviore, 
rotundate triquetro-fexangulato ; limbo revoluto-radiato, a 
corona toto difcreto, laciniis lanceolato-linearibus, fub- 
sequalibus, fuperne verfus involuto-cufpidatis, exterioribus 
margine inferna plerumque undulatis ; corona ftaminilega 
infundibuliformi, dentibus geminis collaterali-contiguis in 
finu quovis interftamineo mediis j filamentis hanc pene 
duplo excedentibus, limbo fub quartam brevioribus, 
divergenti-incurvefcentibus, viridibus ; anthcris fubulato- 
fagittatis ; ftylo corollam sequante ; ftigmate viridiflimo, 
capitellato-trigono, leviffime trifido, pube minuta con- 
fito. G. 

PANCRATIUM amcenum. Salijbury in Linn. Tranf. 2. 71. tab, 
10. Willd. Sp. PL 2. 44; (exclufis in utroque fynonymis Com- 
melini et Jacqm'ni, ^caribsei N ! - fuperioris 826 J Hart. Kczv. 
ed. 2. 2. 220. 

P. amcenum. Bot. Rep. tab. 556 ? Quando fit hujus fpeciei fignra 
parum bona. 

Descr. Leaves 6—8, about ten inches long, paler under- 
neath, with a thick fleihy midrib, about three inches over at 
the wideft part ; petiole about three inches long ; germcn not fo 
evenly fhaped as in caribaum ; tube green-white, more than two 
inches long, not widened upwards, remainder of the flower 
pure white. The fragrance refembles in fome degree that of 
fpfdofum, but is far lefs powerful. Caribaum (fee No. 826) 
Offers from it in having 16—20 leaves, which are longer, 


narrower, and lingulate-lanceolate, with a ihort petiole about 
half the width of the lamina ; an umbel with more flowers and 
more compact, a ftreakletted green tube twice fhorter than the 
limb, a narrower crown without the two contiguous teeth in 
each interftamineous finus, a fphacelately membranous flower- 
fheath, and a much ftronger fragrance, more like that of 
Vanilla. Said to be a native of Guiana. Our drawing was 
taken from a plant that flowered in Oclober laft, in Mr. Vere's 
hothoufe at Kenlington-Gore. G. 

Pancratium carib/EUM. No. 826. 

In the fecond edition of the Hortus Kewenfis, the above 
fpecifk title is laid up in a kind of abeyance, the right to it 
being declared to reft between Mr. Salisbury's fragrant 
fpectofum and amcenum. Whether our plant is the fragrans of that 
gentleman, as we have prefumed in the above-quoted article, 
or not, we mail not pretend to decide. But we can have no 
reafon to doubt its being the fpecies reprefented in the two 
engravings quoted by Linn it us, as the fynonyms of his cari- 
htcum ; to which Brown and Sloan e, for any thing they con- 
tain beyond the habitat, mull have been quoted nearly at 
random. It has moreover the traditionary proof of having been 
known by that name in all our gardens from the days of its firft 
inftitution as a Linnean fpecies to the prefent. The following 
fynonyms may be added to thofe already to be found in the 
Number above cited, where the obfervation fubjoined to the 
fynonymy mould be expunged. 

Pancratium fragrans. Hort. Kew. ed. 2. 2. 219. 
P. fpectofum. Liliaceh a Redout e, tab. 156/ (exclufis fynonytms.) 
P. dedinatum. Jacq. Stirp. Selefi. Amer. Hift. 51. tab. 102. Hort, 
Vindob. g. 11, tab. 10. 

We mould obferve, however, that it has the thickly ftrJ ate 
tube to the corolla, which Mr. Salisbury attributes to his 
amcenum, as one of the diftinclions of that fpecies from his 

fragrans s fo that we may have, after every attention we could 
give his defcriptions, ftill have miftaken his plants. Of bis 

fpeao/um, already publifhed in our work, there can be no 

doubt. G. 


: -•'■-■"' '--' zjfr y:,- 

[ i 4 68 ] 

scilla brevifolia. rootsheathed 

Cape Squill. 

# % $ $ ♦ ♦ ♦ # $ #♦ $ ♦ $ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ -% 

Generic Characler. — Fid. N h - 663, 746, 918, 919, et 1185 verf.fol. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

SCILLA Irevifolia,; bulbo globofo ; foliis paucis (4 — 5) ereclo- 
divergentibus, carnofis, femitereti-linearibus, fubacutis, 
vagina radicali herbaceo-membranacea convoluto-oblonga 
cum acumine, ipfis parum breviore, (nunc tota de humo 
ex t ante, nunc in ea femiimmerfd, nunc expli cat a foliis afiante, nunc 
ijla ar£ie invohente) ; fcapo foliis altiori; raccmo laxius 
fpicato, fubfecundo, nutante, pluri (6 — 8 floro) pediccllis 
flexilibus, flore paulo brevioribus ; brafteola fingulari 
minuta obfoletave; corolla nutante ad cernuam, fexpartita, 
de fundo breviter conftrifto fubrotato-campanulata, laciniis 
fubaequalibus, lanceolato-oblongis ; ftaminibus alterne bre- 
vioribus, longioribus corolla fub quartam brevioribus. G. 

HYACINTHUS brevifolius. Thunb. Prod. FL cap. 63. Willd. 
Sp. PL 2. 168. 

When the rootfheath does not unfold, but remains rolled 
together, enclofing the lower part of the foliage, (which is the 
cale in many fpecimens where the root has grown fomewhat 
deeper in the ground than that of ours) then the leaves have 
the appearance of being very fhort; and Thun berg's name 
characterizes the fpecies much better than in the individual re- 
prefented in our figure, where this is unrolled and the leaves 
lie open their whole length. Scape fometimes nearly twice the 
length of the leaves, which are from two to near three inches 
long, and about a line and half broad. Comes very near to the 
Hyacinthus corymbofus of Thunberg, already given by us 
under the name of Massonia corymbofa (fee No. 991); but 
which, we now think, fhould have been referred to Scilla, 
(fee note at end of this article). It differs, however, from that, 
in having a fcape that is not {horter than the leaves, a raceme 
that is not ereft and corymbofe, by its large rootfheath and 
nearly obfolete braftes. Imported from the Cape of Good 
Hope, by Meffrs, Lee and Kennedy, in whofe collection it 


flowered laft January ; and, as far as we can find, for the flrfl 
time in any European garden. G. 

No. 991. For u Massonia corymbosa," read "Scilla 


Upon reviewing the two genera, we think that this fpecies 
mould have been placed under that of Scilla, rather than the 
clofely adjoining one of Massonia, an amended Generic 
Character of which is fubjoined. 


Inflor. feorfim brafteata, bra&eis folitariis, exiguis mem- 
branaceis, foliaceifve ac flores aequantibus. Cal. o. Cor. infera, 
perfiftens, ereQa, e tubo variae longitudinis patens limbo regu- 
[ari, fexpartito, aequali, rotato, recurvo, refra£tove. Stam. tubo 
adnata, filiformi-fubulata, ereclo-incurvefcentia, raro divergentia, 
longius exferta inclufave, sequalia vel alterne fublongiora, ferto 
fauciali membranaceo angufte cupulato utplurimum neftarifero 
plerumque connexa. Stylus fetaceo-elongatus. Stig. pun&um 
hirtulum, nunc apertum, obfoletiufve triplex. Cap/, fcariofo- 
membranacea, fubdiaphana, a parva fubovata lobato-trigona 
lobis anguftis devexe compreffis ad magnam turbinatam lobis 
alato-extenuatis, 3-loc, 3-valv., valvis medio feptigeris, repli- 
candis. Sem. in loculamento plura numerofave, biferialia, parva, 
globofa interna difTepimenti margini funiculatim annexa; tejia 
nigra. G. 

Obs. Bulbus f urticatus integumentis membranojis ; fcapus itna foliorum 
parte involutus terra haret, vel Jublnde emergit humilis ; folia vttlgo btna, 
a piano obverfa y (raro unicum), carnqfa, coriaceo-craj)'a> Vmearia lanceo- 
latave eretla ad ovato-orbiculata tranfverfe latiora apprejfa burnt; racemus 
a corymbofo congejio ad laxum atque thyrjoidco-fplcatum ; llos fetnel folitarnis. 
Collineat ad diver/a puncla EucOMIN, SciLLAM, BRUNSVIGIAM, 

V<-/V&«fc> Wh/urcrlA Sune-f/e/ 

J.™j:j* a rd"£e£ S'<fanft>rr»J'c- 

L 1469 3 

Allium Cepa (/3). Common Onion. The 
Bulb-bearing variety, or Tree-Onion. 

Generic Character. — Vid. No. 1420. 

Specific Cbaraficr and Synonyms. 

ALLIUM Cepa; fbulbus tunica! us, ovato-oblatove-globofus ;) foliis 
paucis, fiftulofo-teretibus, acuminatis; fcapocavo attenuato- 
cylindraceo infernc ventricofo multum brevioribus; vagina 
brevi, fcariofa; umbclla capitata, numerofiflima, congefta; 
pedicellis fiore longioribus; patenter* campanulata, laciniis 
ovato-lanceolatis, exterioribus acutioribus, carinatis ; fila- 
mentis has dimidio exfuperantibus, bafi breviter connexis, 
alternis fimplicibus, caeteris de bad ovato-dilatata utrinque 
breviter [nunc imperfecJe rarius omnino non) unidentato-incifa 
filiformi-fubulatis ; germine albicante, depreffo-globofo, 
pulvinatim trilobo, fexftriato; ftylo fetaceo ; capfula can- 
dicante; feminibus hinc rotundatis, inde angulatis. G. 

ALLIUM Cepa. Linn. Sp. PL ed. 2. 1. 431. Horl. Kew. \.p. 
428. ed. 2. 2. 238. Regnault Bot. Willd. Sp. PL 2. 80. 

A. flaminibus alterne trifidis, caule ad terram ventricofo. Haller 
de All. 10. Opnfc. 356. 12. 

CEPA. Mill. Ditl. ed. 7. 

CEPA vulgaris. Rudb. Ely/, tab. 141. fig. 1. Bauh. Pin. 71. 

C. alba. hifpanica oblonga. Gcr. Emac. 169. f. 1. 2. 

C. rotunda. Dodon. Pempt. 5. lib. 3. 675; cum k. 

(j3.) capitulo bulbifero, floribus paucis; nunc prolifero. C. 

ALLIUM Cepa. Herb. Bank/. Jpecimen ex horte regioKewenfi. 

Canada or Tree-Onion. Nicholforis Brit. Encychp. art. A l l i M ; 
ubi male pro canadenfi habeiur. 

The indigenous abode of the Common Onion is flill un- 
known to us. The prefent variety, in all our gardens, and 
feme of our books, has been millaken for the canadenfc : a 
fpecies than which no one of the fame genus can well be more 
ditUnft from another; that having flat leaves, a {lender unin- 
Hated ftem, uniform fimple ftamen?, and bulbs more like thofe 


of the Garlic than the Onion. This is an ufual plant in our 
gardens ; that we have met in no one. The variety a. is deemed 
biennial ; our prefent one is certainly perennial. The following 
account of it is taken from Nicholson's Britifh Encyclopaedia, 
head Allium, under which it erroneoufly {lands for the 
canadenfe^ being called the Canada or Tree-Onion. " This," 
it is there faid, " deferves to be cultivated, both as a curiofity 
in producing the onion at the top of the ftalk, and for the ufe 
of the onions, efpecially for pickling, in which they are excellent 
and fuperior in flavour to the common onion. It is perennial 
and propagated by planting the bulbs in fpring and autumn. 
Either the root-bulbs, or thofe produced on the top of the ftalk, 
being planted in a bed or beds of any good earth, in rows a foot 
afunder, fix inches diftance in each row, and two or three inches 
deep; they fhoot up leaves and ftalks in the fpring and fummer, 
and produce the bulbs for ufe in July and Auguft; and the 
root-bulbs remaining, furaifh a production of top-bulbs annually 
in that feafon ; the root-bulb increafing by offsets, may be taken 
up occafionally at the time the flem decays in autumn ; or once 
in two or three years, in order to feparate the offsets and plant 

them when neceffary." This is all we know of the hiftory of 

our prefent fubjeft, the drawing of which was made from a plant 
in Mr. Haworth's garden, where it was fuppofed to be the 
canadenfe. G. 


iJyu B tiwit i ^ ! 

JteJfiS G+rti 

C 1470 3 

Laurus Diospyrus. Twiggy Bay, 
$■£ $ $~% $• $ $■-£ -^ jhjNhI ♦ #• #■ flM* 

Ennxandria Monogynia. 

Coterie Character. 

Cat, o. Gr. calycina, 6-partita. Neclarium glandulis trzbus 
bifetis germen cingentibus. Dritpa l-fperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 


LAURUS Diofpyrus > foliis ovato-lanceolatis fubtus venofis 
fubtomentoiis, floribus umbellatis dioicis, umbellulis fef- 
filibus lateralibus, gemmis pedicellifque villofis. 

LAURUS Diofpyrus, Perfoon Syn. 1. p. 450. 

LAURUS diojpyroides ; humilis, virgata, nudiflora : foliis 
oblongo-ovaltbus, fubtus fubtomentofis : floribus glomerato- 
umbellatis, dioicis ; fquamis gemmalibus pedicellifque vil- 
lofis. Michaux Fhr. Am. Bor. 1. p. 243. 

LAURUS melijfafolia ; foliis cordato-lanceolatis venohs, mem- 
branaceis, fubtus pubefcentibus; gemmis fefnlibus trifloris; 
drupis rubris. Walter Flor. Carol. 134 t 

According to the obfervation of Michaux, moil of the 
fpecies of Laurus which are found in the colder parts of 
North- America are dicecious ; and all of them produce their 
flowers before any leaves appear. Generally too the fcales of 
the buds, remaining after the flowers are open, constitute an 
involucre to the little umbel or glomerule. 

We have not much doubt but that our prefent plant is really 
the Laurus meliffcfolia of Walter, as Mr. Fraser, the 
friend of the author and editor of his work, always confidered 
it as fuch; but as Michaux's name, abbreviated, has been 
adopted in Persoon's fynopfis, and confequently is more 
generally known, we have thought it right to retain it. The 


leaves are not at all like thofe of Balm, but it was probably the 
fcent, not the form, that fuggefted the appellation. 

The Pseudo-Benzoin of Michaux is, when in flower, 
fo like-LAURUs Diofpyrus, that there feems to be no other dif- 
ference, but that the pedicles and fcales of the bud are without 
pubefcence. Our plant is, however, a much fmaller fhrub, 
and its foliage is confiderably different. We were kindly 
furnifhed with a growing fpecimen of the Pseudo-Benzoin, 
by our friend John Walker, Efq. of Southgate, this fpring; 
but, on comparing it •with our prefent drawing, executed lafl: 
year, at Mr. Frazer's in Sloane-Square, we were not aware 
of the difference till the leaves appeared and the flowers had all 
fallen. From the foliage it appears to be the fame as that fpeci- 
men of Laurus aflhalisi in the Bankfian Herbarium, which 
came from the Botanic Garden at Leyden ; but the flowering 
fpecimen, from Jacquin's Herbarium, is evidently the geniculate, 
our next article. 

Our plant produced male flowers only, with an imperfect 
germen ; and on this account probably there was no appearance 
of the three two-briftled glands, mentioned in the generic 
character. There were nine perfect two-celled anthers : on the 
valve clofing, the cell of the anther opens from below upwards, 
and carries with it the whole of the pollen, leaving the cell quite 
empty : in this ftate the anther appears to be two-horned. 
Befides thefe nine perfect ftamens, there are fix glands on fhort 
pedicles, refembling fo many little yellow mumrooms with a 
warty pileus. 

Laurus Diofpyrus is a native of flagnant waters and marfhy 
places in North-Carolina, and is found intermixed with L. geni- 
culate. Our drawing was made at the late Mr. Fraser's in 
Sloane-Square, in May 1810, and the foliage added in June. 

Propagated by cuttings or layers. Is tolerably hardy, but it 
will be fafeft to protect it from fevere froit, efpecially when fuch 
occurs late in the fpring. 

%&*&M jajtyjC£*te WdrvrJiJLms*.**- <**» 

C W 1 3 

Laurus geniculata. Flexuose Bay, 

C/#/} W Order. 
Enneandria Moxocynh. 

Generic Character. —Vide N m - 1470. • 

Specific Charatlcr and Synonyms. 

LAURUS geniculata; ramis divaricatis flexuofis, foliis ovahbus 
glabris, floribus umbellatis polygamis : umbellulis termi- 
nalibus paucifloris, antheris quadrilocularibus. 

LAURUS geniculata; ramis divaricatis, flexuofis; foliis deci- 
duis, lanceolatis, obtufiufculis, glabris, bafi fubtus barbatis ; 
fub floratione nullis; floribus umbellatis polygamis. Michaux 
Flor. Am. Bor. 1. p. 244. Terjoon. Synop K 1. p. 450. 

LAURUS geniculata; foliis parvis annuis cequali-obtufo-lanceo- 
latis, vix venofis, utrinque laevibus ; caule dichotomo- 
ramofo; gemmis pediccllatis trifloris tetraphyllis; floribus 
pedicello brevi; drupis rubris. Walter Flor. Carol, p. 133. 

It is not eafy to fay to which fpecies Linn^.us's Laurus 
<ejlivalis really belongs ; his defcription of the leaves docs not 
correfpond with this, and as to the charafter of fupra axillary 
branches, by which we fuppofe he means that the buds arc 
formed below inftead of in the axils of the branches, it is equally 
applicable to the three allied fpecies. 

The zigrzag direBion and deep red colour of the branches 
diftinguifh the geniculata at firft fight; and more fcientific charac- 
ters are afforded by the little umbels being terminal agd pe- 
dunculated. A minute examination of the ftamens fhews a 
difference of charafter hardly to be fufpe&ed in fpecies apparently 
fo nearly allied as this and the preceding, and which may 
make it dubious whether both can belong to the fame genus : 
in Laurus Diofpyrus the anthers, as we have remarked, are 
two-celled, in geniculata they are four-celled. According to Mr. 
Brown (vide Prod. Fl. Nov.-Holl. p. 402.J the above character 


fhould feparate this fpecies from Laurus and join it to 
Tetranthera of Jacquin. But we find four cells in the 
anthers of LAURVsfa/Jafras alfo : a diverfity which appears to 
us to throw doubt upon the value of the character drawn from 
the number of cells of the anther. We ought, however, on the 
other hand to acknowledge that we could not perceive in our 
prefent plant, any of the aromatic fcent in its bark, fo remarkable 
in the preceding fpecies and in Pseudo-Benzoin, as well as 
in moft of the genus. 

Our drawing of this was made at the fame time and place as 
that of the preceding fpecies, and both were introduced from 
North-America by the late Mr. Fraser. 

Requires the fame treatment, but is probably more hardy, 
the texture of its wood being firmer. It mould be remembered, 
with regard to both, that they grow naturally in very wet 


'-■ ^^1 

^ m ^^^r</r/)a 


Wa t*ed&&ns*Jim & 

C H7 2 1 

Septas globiflora. Globe-flowered 


4 4$ '♦ ♦♦♦#♦♦ » ♦ fr ♦♦ ♦ > 

C/^/} <z%/ Order. 

Heptandria Heptagynia. L. (re&ius Pentandria 

Generic Charade?'. 

CaL 5 — 7-partitus. Petala 5 — 7, Ianceolata, patentia. Germina 
5 — 7. Net! aria fquamse tot quot germina, horum baft extrorfum 
inferta. Cap/. 5 — 7, polyfpermae. 

Obs. Herbx fuccuknta'y fubacauks, radicibus tuberofis. A Craflulis 
Vtx niji habitu recedunt. 

Specific Characler. 

SEPTAS globifera i foliis floralibus quaternis fpathulatis apice 
revolutis duplicato-crenatis, umbella compofita. 

Descr. Root tuberofe. Stalks Ample, flefhy, red. Leaves 
oppofite, fpathular-lhaped, rolled back from the point towards 
the petioles, twice crenate : thofe neareil the flower are much 
larger than the others, and grow four clofe together. After 
flowering, thefe leaves increafe very much in fize, and are more 
expanded. Above the leaves the peduncle is naked, except 
one or two minute fcales. Flowers grow in a globular umbel 
compofed of feveral fmaller ones. Calyx five-cleft : divifions 
ovate, acute, red. Petals 5, lanceolate, acute, white, red at 
the tip on the outfide, patent, not conniving in a tube, twice the 
length of the calyx. Stamens 5 : filaments the length of the 
petals, and alternating with them: anthers roundifh, reddifh- 
purple. Germens 5, white : Jiyle ereft : jligma acute. A fmall 
white Jcale is inferted on the outfide at the bafe of each germen. 
The number of the fegments of the calyx of the petals, ftamens, 


and piftils, is always equal, ufually five, not unfrequently fix, 
but we have not obferved feven. The whole plant is quite 

From the above defcription, it will be feen that this fpecies 
can hardly be diftingui fried by any permanent characters from 
Crassula. Yet, except in the number of its parts, and in 
having the four leaves raifed fome diftance from the ground, 
with fmaller ones below, and a compound inftead of a fimple 
umbel, it correfponds fo exactly with Sept as capenfis, under 
which name indeed we received it, that we cannot but confider 
it as a fpecies of the fame genus. Perhaps we ought rather to 
have added both it and Septas capenfis to Crassula; the 
difference in habit, however, added to the already overgrown 
fize of that genus, induces us rather to preferve the genus 
Septas: but we think that it ought to be removed to the fifth 
clafs. The feptenary number appears to be hardly natural in 
any plants, and the whole clafs Heptandria might very well be 
difpenfed with. 

We were favoured with this hitherto undefcribed plant by 
Mr. Knight, at the Exotic Nurfery, in the King's-Road, 
Chelfea, who raifed it from feeds received from the Cape of 
Good-Hope. Flowers in September. Requires the fame 
treatment as other Cape fucculent plants, 


Jyd^SJvrardr Z>*t JUJjr.SOr&r WaJ^Ortij,^ } 

C H73 ] 

Begonia Evansiana. Two-coloured 

C/<z/} a»i On/fr. 


Generic Charatler. 

Masc. Gz/. nullus. Cbr. polypetala. «Sto;/;. numerofa. 

Fem. Cal. nullus. Cor. polypetala, fupera. Cap/, alata, poly- 

Specific Charatler and Synonym*. 

BEGONIA Evanjiana ; caulefcens foliis inaequaliter cordatfs 
acuminatis inaequaliter ferratis fupra fpinulofis fubtus fan- 
guineis, capfulae alis acutangulis fubaequalibus. 

BEGONIA Evanjiana; foliis inaequaliter cordatis, fupra hifpi- 
dulis, nitidis, margine inaequalibus, acutiflime ferrulatis : 
petalis duobus lato-ovatis, duobus obovatis quadruplo 
majoribus : caulibus flexuofo-erectis, nodofis : axillis bul- 
biferis. Bot. Repof. 627. 

TSOU HOY TONG. " Chineje drawings" in Mu/eo Bankf. Fide 
Linn. Soc. Tranf. v. \. p. 172. 3. 

tVe doubt whether this plant be not a variety of Begonia 
grandis; it fo much refembles K/EMpfer's figure, that we can 
fcarcely find any other difference than that of the leaves being 
lefs angulated, and the female flowers more cernuous. In 
both, thefe flowers are, contrary to mofl of the fpecies, 
four-petaled and fimilar to the male, the ftamens are mon- 
adelphous, the alae of the capfules nearly equal, and the upper 
furface of the leaves are covered with minute fpinules. But 
Thunberg, in his delcription of the fame plant, under the 
name of obliqua y exprefsly fays, the leaves are pale on the under 

furface ; 

furface; while in our plant the older leaves are on the under 
fide entirely bright red : in the younger leaves the veins only 
have this colour, the interfaces being of a bright green. 

In the Botanift's Repofitory it is faid, that Mr. Evans's 
Collector firft found this plant growing in the clefts of the rocks 
in the Ifland of Pulo-Pinang, in the year 1808. Mr. Donn, 
in his Catalogue, marks it as a native of China, and dates its 
introduction to this country four years earlier. That it is really 
cultivated in China, the drawing above referred to 9 under the 
name of Tfou Hoy Tong, leaves no room to doubt : and we 
believe it has been in the royal collection at Kew from about the 
time Mr. Donn ftates. 

It is a highly ornamental ftove plant, eafily propagated by 
cuttings, or by the bulbs which are frequently produced at the 
divifions of the Item. Flowers molt part of the fummer. Our 
drawing was made at Meffrs. Lee and Kennedy's, Ham- 


ur&f Wa/ws/// 

C hi* ] 

Aloe soccotrina (/3.) purpurascens. 
Largest Soccotrine Aloe. 

•&• $ 4H* ♦ iM^M ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ' ' ♦ fr ♦ -& 

Geneftt Character. — %/. No. 1352. 

Specific Chatader and Synonyms. 

ALOE foccotrina ; (caudex lignofus, cra/fus, annofior ftolonizanlcs 
ramofus ; fiores regulares, redt\ penduli, e major tints ;) fbliis 
numerofis, fparfis, tandem term inali bus, ambientibusj 
imbricato-amplexicaulibus, ereclo-divergentibus, lorato- 
attenuatis, convexo-concaviufculis, margine cartilagineis 
fpinifque brevibus pallidis finuato-dentatis ; caule fimplici ; 
racemo ereclo, numerofo, laxiufcule fpicato ; pedicellis 
ercEtiufculis, flori fubasqualibus, braclea Iphacelata con- 
voluto-acumiuata longioribus ; corolla fexpartita, cylin- 
drica, rotundate trigona, laciniis intimis fubduplo latioribus 
apice rotundatis, extimis dorfo carinatis, ore brevi patulo ; 
ftaminibu* mbexfertis, alteme fublongioribus ; genuine 
oblongo trigono quam ftylus ultra quadruplam breviore. G. 

(x.) minor. G. 

ALOE foccotrina. Ilazv. in Linn. Tranf. 7. 19. ;:. 41 ; (exdufis 
perfoliata a WilldenorSti et rubefcente Decandollei.) Decand. 
PL Gr. t. 85. Hort. Kczv. ed. 2. 2. 292. 

A. 'iiicotrina. Blackzv. Herb. 2. tab. 333. Aloes fuccotrin. Lam. 
cncyc. 1 . 85. n. 3. Regnault. Bot. 

A. finuata. Thunb. Dijf. 6. ft. 5 j (exclufo Dillemo.) Wiild. Sp. 
PL a. 187; (exdufis Syn. Horti Kewenfis et Dillenii.) 

A. perfoliata. $ ; fuccotrina. IIv:. Kczv. 1. 466. IVoodv. Med, 
Bot. 3. 556. tab. 202. Bot. Mag.Jupra No. 472. 

A. perfoliata. £. Linn. Sp. PL ed. 2. 1. 458. 

A. vera. Mill. Did. ed. 8. n. 15. 

A. vera minor. Munting. Aloid. 20. ic.Jinefi. 

A. fuccotrina anguftifolia fpinofa Gore purpureo. Comm. Hort. 
Amfl. 1. 91. tab. 48. 

A. amcricana ananifolia floribus fuave rubentibus. Pink. Phyt. 
tab. 240.^.4. 

(p.) major. G. 

ALOE purpurafcens. Ilazv. in Linn. Tranf. 7. go. n. 42. Hort. 
Kew. ed. 2. 2. 292. 

A. perfiiliala. 

A. perfoliata. t; purpurafcens; foliis purpuraicentibus, fubtus 
inferne maculatis maculis parvis fubrotundis. HorL Kew. 1. 

This fpecies is faid to be that from which the medicine of the 
fame name is obtained ; but Thunberg remarks that a ftill 
fuperior fort is had from A.fpicata, a plant, we believe, to this 
time unknown in our collections. The ftem of foccotrina grows 
in our greenhoufes to nearly the height of fix feet, acquiring 
the thicknefs of a man's arm ; the leaves are fometimes fpotted 
with white on the outfide towards their bafe ; feldom exceed a 
foot in length and 1 — 2 inches in breadth near the bafe; when 
the plant is in flower, the inner ones generally converge, bending 
inwards j their colourlefs juice, when expofed to the air and 
fuffered to dry, becomes of a bright violet-purple colour, a 
colour indeed they themfelves ufually allume before they are 
quite decayed. Native of the Cape of Good Hope, although 
the name befpcaks it as belonging to the Illand of Socotora; 
whence the bell Aloe for medical purpofcs is faid to have been 
formerly imported; but it does not feem afcertained from which 
fpecies it was extracted. 

Our drawing was made from a fpecimen that flowered in 
March laft (at the fame time with a.) in Mr. Ha worth's 
greenhoufe. By that gentleman, j3. is confidered as a dilf-incl 
fpecies from a ; and in this view of it he is followed in the 
fecond edition of the Hortus Kewenfis. As we could difcover 
no difference between them beyond that of fize, we have re- 
corded them for mere varieties of each other- The flower- 
ftem feldom exceeds two feet in length ; the foliage is of darkifh 
dull green, clouded over with a grey bloom or hoar; the 
corolla is of a dark brick-red colour, green at the top; about 
an inch and a half in length : (3 was known in our gardens 
before 1789, poflibly produced in them from «. G. 


No. 472; for "Aloe Perfoliata, var. SuccotrinAj 
read "Aloe soccotrina. «."; inferting at the fame time 
the fynonymy as given in the prefent article. G, 


[ M75 ] 

Hesperantha pilosa (&.) Hairy 

/j-i >,» •,* *.* TJ! Vj» flv r,\ ; ( \ "»^ ^» « ( \ »> «J« »f» «I* «,» <,\ /fc 

Generic Charatler. — Fid. No. 1254. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

HESPERANTHA pilcfa ; foliis trinis, ereftis, parum diver- 
gentibus, lineari-eniatis coda media lurmquc prominula, 
pilofis, intimo toto comprefl'e vaginofo nervofb longiori 
caulem altiorem fimplicem pilolutri ultra medium in- 
cludente; fpica flexuola, remotius pauci-pluri flora; fpatha 
herbacea, lanceolato-convoluta, nuda, integra, valva 
extima fublongiore, apice iphacelata, tubum aequante ; 
corolla erefta, laciniis longitudine tubi gracilis, extimis 
oblongo-lanceoldtis, intimis fublatioribus brevioribus; ftig- 
matibus linean-complicatis, anguftifiimis, pubefcentibus, 
recurvo-divaricatis, itylo ifometris, ftamina exfuperantibus, 
apice faepiui explicatis ; flaminibus limbo uuplo breviori- 
bus, ere&o-divergentibus ; antheris fubfagittato-linearibus, 
vibratilibus. G. 

HESPERANTHA pilofa. Nob. in Ann. of Bot. 1. 225. lifd. 
Jupra No. 1254; iterum eod. verf.fol. in f pec. enum. 

IXIA pilofa. Linn. Suppl. 92. Thunb. DiJJ. n. 5. Prod. VI. cap. 
9. SyJL Veg. Murr. ed. 14. 84. Vahl Enum. 2. 54. n. it. 
mild. Sp. PL 1. 197. 

(a.) herba pilofa. G. 

((3.) herba nuda. G. Supra No. 1254. 

Desc. Stem 3 — 14 inches high ; fpike 2 — 10-flowered; limb 
of the corolla white on the in fide, outer fegments thickly befet 
with minute cinnamon-coloured fpeckles on the outfide, inner 
ones white on both fides. The flowers, which are about two- 
thirds of an inch long, diffufe their fragrance during the night, 
and then only in a warm dry atmofphere ; at other times they 
remain clofed, and no fcent is perceptible. 


Our drawing of the prefent variety was taken from a plant 
imported by MefTrs. Lee and Kennedy, in whofe confervatory 
at Hammerfmith it flowered in April lalt, mod probably for 
the firft time in Europe. No figure of either variety has 
appeared in any work known to us, except that of j3 in No. 1254 
of the prefent. The Bankfian Herbarium, contains feveral 
fpontaneous fpecimens, but we do not find the fpecies recorded 
in either of the editions of the Hortus Kewenfrs. It is fo ufual 
with cultivators to flrip off the outermofl and thicker coats from 
the bulbs which they receive from abroad, before they plant 
them, that we cannot truft to the appearance they have in our 
collections when frefhly received from the Cape ; we fufpecl the 
bulb-tuber drawn with our figure had been ferved in this way. 
For further account of the fpecies, fee above in No. 1254. G. 

[ HIS ] 

Trichonema speciosum. Crimson 

$ 4 $ $ 4% $ 4 . '♦■'♦ ♦ ♦ ♦♦ ♦♦♦<!# 

Generic Character. — Vid. No. 1225, 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

TRICHONEMA fpeciofum; (caulis fub antbefin adultus ;) foliis 
trinis, gracilibus, fubjuncoideis, tereti-attenuatis, quadri- 
plicates fulcorum labris coeuntibus, atrovirentibus, rigidi- 
ufculis, longius vaginantibus, infimo longifliroo tortiufculo 
vagina brevi radicali amplexo, fummorum uno fere toto 
fpathaceo pedunculos unifloros fubaequante ; caule quam 
infimum aliquoties breviore, pedunculis binis femiteretibus 
bra&eola interftin&is brachiatim bifurcato (rarius umpedun- 
culato) ; fpathae valvulis flore duplo brevioribus, ifometris, 
extima herbacea convoluta firiata, intima ventricofiorc 
obtufiore lateribus late fphacelatis ; corolla breviter cam- 
panatim cohserente tubo obfoleto, inde recurvatim ex- 
planata, laciniis inferne fubanguftatis, extima rum lamina 
oblongo-lanceolata anguftiore, intimarum elliptico-lanceo- 
lata obtufiore ; filamentis femitereti-fubulatis, villofis, an- 
thera triplo brevioribus ; ftylo tereti-triquetro, ftri&o, 
ftaminibus ad unam tertiam breviore ; ftigmatibus brevibus, 
totis bipartitis, fegmentis eomplicato-canaliculatis margine 
pube minuta fimbriatis, ad medias antheras recurvatis. G. 

TRICHONEMA fpeciofum. Nob. in Ann. of Bot. 1. 223. Iifd. 
fupra No. 1225, verf.fol. in f pec. enum. 

IX I A Bulbocodium ; var. fpeciofa. Botan. Repoftt. tab. 170 ; 
exemplari defumpta unifloro, flore male expanfo. 

Descr. Lower leaf from a foot to a foot and an half or 
more in length, rum-like, four-furrowed, but with the fides of 
the furrows clofing together, fo that they are fcarcely per- 
ceptible, while the leaf retains the appearance of being uniformly 
round; corolla about an inch and an half long, of a bright 


carmine colour on the infide with a yellow bottom, from whence 
iffue feveral dark-red rays; external fegments yellowifh without, 
and marked with five parallel vertical feathery ftripes of a 
black-red colour, nearly as in fome of the fpecies of Crocus. 
Differs from any other known to us, by the fhortnefs of its 
filaments relatively to the anthers, as well as the roundnefs of its 
leaves ; its ftigmas are alfo unufually fhort. Native of the 
Cape of Good Hope, from whence it was introduced into our 
gardens fome years back by Mr. G. Hibbert. 

The drawing was taken from a plant that flowered in 
Mr. Knight's greenhoufe, King's-Road, Fulham, and which 
had originally been obtained from Mr, Hibbert's collection. 




■ . . 

[ H77 ] 


Clafs and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. 

Col. 5-fidus, 2-labiatus. Cor. papilionacea, carina comprefTa 
longitudine alarum fubsquantium vexillum cxplanatum. Gertnen 
fimplici ferie 4-fpermum. Stylus adfcendens. Stigma fimplcx. 
Legumen pedicellatum lineari-oblongum, modice ventricofum, 
intus leve. Brown. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

PODOLOBIUM trilobum ; foliis oppofitis fpinofo-dentatis 
trilobis : lobis lateralibus terminali dentato multotres brc- 
vioribus, gcrmine fericeo. Brown MSS. Horl. Kezv. ed. 
alt. v. 3. p. 9. 

CHORIZEMA trilobum ; foliis fuboppofitis haftato-trilobis 
integris dentatifve fpinofis, racemis axillaribus folio bre- 
vioribus. Smith in Acl. Soc. Linn. v, 9. p. 253. 

PULTENjEA ilicifolia. Bot. Repof. 320. 

Befides the difference in the length of the keel, and the 
oppofite leaves, which led us to doubt (at No. 1032) whether 
this plant could be properly arranged under the genus Chori- 
zema, Mr, Brown has remarked feveral other peculiarities, 
inferted in the generic character, as above given. 

The Podolobium trilobum is a native of New South-Wales, 
from whence it was introduced into this country by McGrs. 
Lee and Kennedy in 1791. Is a hardy greenhoufe fhrub. 
It rarely ripens its feed with us, but may be propagated by 
cuttings, and more expeditioufly by layers. Flowers from 
April to July. Communicated by Mr. Knight, of the Exotic 
Nurfery, King's-Road, Litile-CheHea. 

L *47" J 
Philadelphia inodorus* Carolina 


Igosandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 4, f. 5-partitus, fuperus. Petala 4, f. 5. Stylus 4-fidus. 
Cap/. 4, f. 5-locularis, polyfperma. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms, 

PHILADELPHIA inodorus; foliis integerrimis. mild. Sp, PI, 
2. p. 948. Hort. Kezv. ed. alt, 3. p. 180. Mill. DitJ. ed. 7. 
Walter Flor. CaioL p. 146. 

PHILADELPHUS flore albo majorc inodoro. Catejh. Car. 2. 
p. 84 cum tab. 

PHILADELPHUS inodorus j calyce viridi laciniis fuperne 
fenfim anguftatis, longius acuminatis : petalis candidiflimis 
amplrfTimis, patentibus, fubovalibus ; fiylo ftaminibus lon- 
giore, adufque ftigmata indivifo five folido. Michaux Flor. 
Bor. Am. 1. p. 283. 

PHILADELPHUS coronarius. y. inodorus. Mart. Mill. Dicl. 
n. 1. 

The Philadelphus inodorus is a very dcfirable fhrub, the 
flowers being confiderably larger, and of a purer white than thofe 
of the coronarius ,- and to mod people are not the lefs acceptable 
for being without fcent, that of the mock orange being far too 
powerful to be generally agreeable even without doors. 

Being a native of Carolina, though hardy enough to bear 
our winters when not unulually fevere, it mud be liable to be 
deftroyed occasionally. To this caufe we fuppofe is to be 
attributed the prefent fcarcity of a plant introduced into the 
country before the year 1738. 


Propagated by cuttings or layers. Flowers in June and 
July, rather later than the coronarius : from which it is diftinct, 
not only in the margin of the leaves being quite entire, but, 
according to Mich au 5c, in the more • acuminate form of the 
fegments of the calyx, and in the ftyle exceeding the flamens in 
length and being folid its whole length, not divifible into four 
nearly to the bafe. 

The native country of our prefent plant is certainly Carolina ; 
that of coronarius is not yet afcertained : it feems evident from 
Clu si us's account, that it was difperfed over Europe from 
the Dutch gardens ; but whence it originated is unknown : per- 
haps from Japan. 

Communicated by Mr. Whitley, late of Old-Brompton, 
and now of the Fulham-Nurfery. 


I H79 3 



Clafs and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. 
Petala^ faccata, fornicata. Bacca ficca, 3-locularis, 3-fpemia. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

CEANOTHtJS amerkanus s foliis cordato-ovatis acuminatis 

triplinerviis, paniculis axillaribus elongatis. IVilld. Sp. PL 

x. p. 1114. Hort. Kew. edit. alt. 2. p. 22. 
CEANOTHUS amerkanus £ foliis trinerviis. Sp. PI. 284. 

Mill. Icon. t. 86. 
CEANOTHUS amerkanus • foliis ovalibus, ferratis, fubtus 

tomentofis : racemis compofite confertifloris, ob ramulos 

aphyllos quad longe pedunculatis, Michaux Fl. Bor. Amer. 

1. p. 154. Duham. Arb. 1. p. 138. /. 51. IVangenh. Amer. 

112. /. 31./ 70. IVilld. Arb. 54. Plenck Icon. 143. Zont. 

Icon. 167. Trao Ehret. 53. /. 94. Gronov. Virg. 2. />. 32, 

G<*?rt. Sem. 2. p. no. /. 106. 
CELASTRUS inermis, foliis ovatis ferratis trinerviis, racemis 

ex fummis alis longiffimis. Hort. Cliff. 73. Gronov. Virg. 1. 

EUONYMuS novi Belgii, corni fcemina? foliis. Comvu Hort. 1. 

p. 167. /. 86. Raj. Dend. 69. 
EUONYMUS, jujubinis foliis, carolinenfis, fruBu parvo fere 

umbellato. Pluk. Aim. 139. /. 28. f. 6. 

The American Ceanothus, which has its name of New* 
jerfey tea from the dried leaves being ufed as a fubftitute for 
the Chinefe herb, by the common people of that country, is 
indigenous to North-America, from Canada to Florida. The 


twigs are ufed for dying a cinnamon-colour, and the roots are 
efteemed to be medicinal. 

It is a pleafing little fhrub, takes up but little room, and 
though liable to be injured by early frofts, is not often deftroyed 
by the cold of our climate ; yet it does not feem to be of long 
duration, probably from being naturally fhort-lived j whence it 
is apt to be loft out of collections, unlefs care be taken to 
renew it. May be propagated by layers, but Miller recom- 
mends raifing it from feeds, which often come to maturity with 
us. Flowers in July and Auguft. Drawn at Mr. Salisbury's 
Botanic Garden, Sloane-Street. 


iZwpr&bTu&r. / fg fg 


[ }&> 3 

Azalea indica. Indian Azalea. 

4t ♦ ♦♦ ♦# j : ♦ :< j l f ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦## ♦ 


Generic Character. 

Cor. campanulata. Stamina receptaculo inferta. Cap/. 5- 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

AZALEA indica; floribus fubfolitariis pentandris decandrifve, 
calycibus pilofis. 

AZALEA indica- floribus fubfolitariis, calycibus pilofis. Sp, 
Pi. 214. JVilld. 1. p. 831. Hart. Kew. ed. alt. 2. p. 318. 

CHAMvERHODODENDRON exoticum, ampliflimis flori- 
bus liliaceis. Breyn. Prod. 1. p. 23. Prod. 2. p. 31. ejufdem 
ed. alt. p. 16. ^53. 

CISTUS indicus Ledi alpini folio, floribus amplis. Hem. 
Lugdb. 152. /. 153. Raj. Hiji. 1895. 

TSUTSUSI. Ktmpf. Am<en. 845, /. 846. 

This is a very rare plant, which has been long anxioufly 
fought for by cultivators of curious and fcarce exotics. We 
believe there are not above three or four individuals of it in the 
country, and of thefe only the one in the colleftion of James 
Vere, Efq. from which our drawing was taken, has as yet 
produced any flowers. 

It is furprifing that this fhrub, fo famed for its elegance, and 
of which Kxmpfer enumerates twenty-one varieties cultivated 
m Japan, fhould ftill be lb rare in Europe, efpecially when we 
learn that it flourifhed, for twelve years, in the garden of 
Mynheer Jerome van Beverninck, one of the moft cele- 
brated in Holland, producing annually a profufion of flowers, 
to the admiration and delight of the amateurs. Prof. Herman 
declares that, but for its want of fragrance, you might fay of 


it, that nature had never produced any thing more lovely j and 
even this deficiency might be faid to be amply recompenfed by 
the delightful ftru&ure, and exquifite brilliancy of colour of its 

Among the varieties enumerated by K^empfer, befides the 
many different coloured flowers, white* red, yellow, purple* 
and fcarlet, with fpots of the mod contrary hues, the foliage of 
fome is hairy, of others fmooth ; fome produce their flowers 
before the leaves, fome after j others are evergreen ; fome have 
five, fome ten ftamens. The variety cultivated in Holland was 
brought from Jaccatra ; its foliage hairy and evergreen ; flowers 
of a refulgent pale crimfon colour, and produced in fuch 
profufion from June to Auguft, that the upper part of the 
fhrub looked as if covered with a beautiful crimfon garment, 
Herman defcribes it as having four ftamens only, his 
diffe&ed figure however fhews five : in our plant there were 
ten, unequal in length, and (lightly declined, which together 
with the form of the corolla and the fpotting of the fuperior 
lacinise, feemed to unite it with Rhododendron, rather than 
with Azalea; but in fact there are no natural limits between 
thefe genera, or at leaft the number of ftamens affords none J 
and raoft of the varieties of this fpecies recorded by ICempfer 
are pentandrous. 

The anthers in the variety here figured, and probably in the 
fpecies in general are very remarkable, ludicroufly reprefenting 
the heads of fo many little birds juft hatched; the polliniferous- 
cells, large and divergent, forming the eyes, and the moderately 
curved body of the anther, terminating in an acute point, the 

Native of Japan and China, a hardy greenhoufe fhrub, re- 
quiring only protection from froft ; and we are informed by 
Mr. Anderson, the fkilful fuperintendant of Mr. Vere's col- 
lection, is readily and fpeedily propagated by layers. Flowers ill 
the fpring ; in the prefent inftance in March, but this was pro- 
bably fome what earlier than its natural feafon. 


A£ 2>jy J\ tltr&y WalwerZh. isftup f /. id /2 

Jyd" 1 !:^*^ Z?«£. J? Sort/em. Jh- 

C 1481 ] 

Albuca setosa. Bristly-rooted 

^■'Z. ■!?'..!&. jk J& .*'«. *fe..S''t. *>'i. *5t. *V J&LJft *'i.>5i.^4 *•'£. «*'. *-'i. 

*,«• <> '.-» «j» »j» ^ »,■» <jc 'j» vjr «,v Tf. tjc ijC <}» v ; * vjT » s s >j»^ 

Generic Character. — Fid. No. 1046. 

Specific Qjaracler and Synonyms. 

ALBUCA fetofa ; (flos bifonnis, erecJus ;) bulbo folido-fquamato, 
viridefcente, ovato, fquamis amplis truncatis fimbria fibrofa 
fphacelata crinito-continuatis ; foliis plaribus ambientibus, 
anguftius longeqae ligulato-attenuatis, convoluto-concavis 9 
glauciufculis, denfe ftriatulis, flaccidis ; caule tereti, fub- 
altiori; racemo diftanter multifloro, brachiato-divaricato, 
pcdicellis craftiufculis reclangule porrectis bractea fphacelata 
convoluto-acuminata triplo breviore bafi amplexis ; corollse 
laciniis cxtirnis patentibus, oblongis, planiufculis, extus 
defuperne carinatis, obtufulis cum acumine parvulo callofo ; 
intimis ereclo-conniventibus, fab fextam partem brevioribus, 
latioribus, inferne fubanguftatis, apice conftri&is fornicato- 
inflexis obfolete mucronatis, organa includentibus ; ftami- 
nibus paulo brevioribus, planiufculis, apice uncato-inflexis, 
extimis lanceolato-ligulatis concaviufculis fubbrcvioribus, 
intimis piftillum aequantibus e lamina bafilari fubovata 
fuperneque conftricla lineari-ligulatis ; antheris ereftis bre- 
vibus fubquadrato-oblongis utrinque emarginatis a dorfo 
introrfum fufpenfis, exterioribus precocioribus ; germine 
%lum sequantej con ice oblongato, rotundatc lobato-trigono, 
lobis bafi bidentato-prominulis cavoque lato pallido in 
fulcum conftri&um continuato interceptis ; ftylo crafTo 
obpyramidali-triquetro faciebus fubfulcatis obfeurius papu- 
lofo-muricatis, fine itigmatofa truncata pubefcente continua; 
capfula ovata, obtufa, trifulca. G. 

ALBUCA fetofa. Jacq. Ic. Rar. 2. tab. 440. Coll. Suppl. 100. 
tab. 14. fig. 3. Hort. Keiv. ed. 2. 2. 251. Willd. Sp. PL 
2. 102. 

Desc Leaves about a foot and a half long, and about half 
an inch over towards their bafe ; Jlem fomewhat higher than 

thefe ; 

thefe ; pedicles 2 — 3 inches long, firaight, about the thicknefs of 
a crow-quill ; brakes brownifh ; corolla rather more than an inch 
long, yellowim with a broad green ftripe down the middle of 
each fegment ; germen green ; Jlyle yellow, green at the angles; 
capjule brown, about the fize of a filbert. Flowered in May; 
fcent refembling that of bitter almonds, which however could 
only be perceived by fmelling clofe to the bloom. Introduced 
by Mr. Masson in 1795, from the Cape of Good Hope. 

Our drawing was made from a fpecimen in Mr. Griffin's 
greenhoufe at South-Lambeth. G. 



E 1482 j 

Sparaxis tricolor (/3. y. £.) Three- 
coloured Sparaxis. 

C/tj/jr #«i Order. 


Generic Character. 

Inflor. difticho-fpicata, alterna, remotius feorfim bivalve 
fpathacea, fpaiha membranacea ampliufcula ariftato-lacera ple- 
rumque arido-fphacelata. Cor. fupera, erecla, infundibulifbrmi* 
patens, tubuloio-fexfida, tubus gracilis brevior, limbus fexpar- 
titus amplus regularis lubasqualis ftellato-turbinatove explanatus, 
interdum bilabiato-irregulans atque inaequalis. Stam. tubo ad- 
nata, inclufa, collaterali-inflexa, lecto inclmata, nunc afcendentia, 
rarius trifaria eretla. Antb. lineares, a dorfo appenfe. Stylus 
gracilis, dire&ione ftaminum. Stig. 3, anguftius lineari-complir 
cata, recurvato-divergentia. Cap/, membranacea oblonga, ro- 
tundate trigona, torulofa ; tnloc, trivalv., valvis feptigeris. 
Sent, biferialia, plurima, fubglobofa. G. 

Obs. Bulbo-tuber cvaium reticulis multiplicibus tenu'tbus (extenzh 
fericeo-jibrojis Jvejiitum ; folia 4- 1 o collaterali-dijticha, enjala, denfe Jir'tatula y 

latitudme bilineari ad uncialon, caulina Japius in axiliis buibijera ; caulis 
/implex vel panicidato-ramofus, Q-uncialis ad orgyaiem ; flos raro unicus, 
Japius in ramo pauci, ampli, jpeciofi, colore quam maxime ludentes ; fem. 

magnitudine fere Sinapeos. G. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

SPARAXIS tricolor; (fios regularis s ) foliis pluribus (6 — 8) 
enfiformibus, erecto-divergentibus, denfe nervulofis, ad 
axillam bulbiferis; cauli altiori interdum ramofo, crafliuf- 
culo, ere&o-flexuofo ; fpica difrante, pauciflora ; fpatha 
fcariofo-fphacelata, rugulofo-plicatula, tubum pluries ex- 
fuperante, inflatiufcula ; corolla infundibuliformi-rotata, 
tubo breviffimo germen triquetrum aeqtiante, limbo amplo 
ab inferne turbinato,ftellato-explanato,laciniis fubfpathulato- 
cuneatis 3 apice rotundatis 3 alternis iublatioribus bah lub- 


gibbofis j ftaminibus corolla fubtriplo brevioribus, trifariis, 
ereclo-fafciculatis ; filamentls triquetro-fubulatis ; ftigmati- 
bus prope antherarum apices recurvatis. G. 

SPAR AX IS tricolor. Nobis in Ann.ofBot. i. 225. Supra No. 779. 
<v erf folio in Spec. Enum. Hort. Kew. ed. 2. 1. 85. 

IXIA tricolor. Supra No. 381. Schneevogi et Geuns k. 39. LiL 
a Redout^ tab. 129. Vahl Enum. 2. 74. n. 12. Willd. Enum. 
Hort Bat. Berol. 57. 

(«.) floris laciniarum lamina aurantiaco-llava. Supra No. 381. 

(3.) eadem fanguineo-purpurea,vanegationedilutiore. No. 1482, 

(y.) eadem violaceo-purpurea. No. 1 482. 

(I) eadem fubroleo-albida. No. 1482. 

Differs from its congeners, in having upright ftamens that 
Converge trifarioufly, as well as by a ftriate wrinkled fpathe. 
The three varieties now publifhed, have been lately imported 
from the Cape of Good Hope, by Mr. Griffin, in whofe 
very feleQ. collection at South-Lambeth we faw them in bloom 
together in April laft. None of them are noticed in any work 
we have confulted. The white-flowered one feems to approach 
nearer to the grandiflora of No. 779 than the others do. 


For the enumeration of the fpecies of this genus fee the 
other fide of the leaf in No. 779. Since the publifhing or 
which, we have fatisfied ourfelvcs, by the infpe&ion of a well- 
preferved fpontaneous fpecimen, that the Ixia pendula (fee above t 
No. 1013, in Spec. Enum.) belongs to Spar axis, and not to 
Ixia. We do not believe that this plant has ever made its ap- 
pearance in any European garden, although one of the mod orna- 
mental of its order. Found by Thunberg, growing in wet 
places near Krumrivier, at the Cape of Good Hope; fome- 
times attaining the height of fix feet. G. 



Jte.&r,r Or&r Mr a / W( ,rt£ ofor*- '«** 


C M83 ] 

Gladiolus trichonemifolius. Tricho- 
nema-leaved cornflag* 


Generic Charailer. — VideN is - 538, 569, 992. 

Specific Cbaracler and Synonyms, 

GLADIOLUS irichonemifolius ; bulbo-tubere fubglobofo, teg- 
mine externo fibrofo-textili ; foliis trinis, gracilibus, ftriflis, 
nitidis, longe fiftulofo-vaginantibus, inde lineari-attenuatis, 
tetraquetris angulis fulcatis, infimo caulem plurimum ex- 
fuperante, reliquis ultra vaginam breviffimis fubulatis ; 
caule fimplici, gracili, ereclo, toto fere vaginato; fpica 
2 — 3-flora, fubfecunda ; fpatha herbacea, convoluto- 
lanceolata, denfe ftriatula, integerrima, valva exteriore 
parum longiore, floris faucem fuperante ; corolla ere£to- 
fubnutante, infundibuliformi-fubringente, fubaequalij tubo 
brevi, gracili, ftriato, germen aequante j fauce fubventricofo- 
turbinata, quam tubus multum longiore, quam limbus 
fubbilabiato-patulus parum breviore ; laciniis ovato-lanceo- 
latis acumine convoluto, fuprema fublongiore, unguiculata, 
incumbente, a reliquis inter fe fimilibus tubo tenus dif- 
jun£ta ; ftaminibus fauci ifometris ; filamentis antheras fub- 
aequantibus; ftigmatibus anguftis, lineari-complicatis. G. 

IX I A Jpathacea. Herb. Bank/. Exemplar fpontaneum. 

Desc Bulb-tuber about the fize of a common nut, integu- 
ments brown ; lower leaf about a foot and half high, of a dark 
polifhed green colour, fcarcely half a line in diameter, fheathed 
at the bafe by a purple rootjheath j Jlem 6 — 9 inches high ; 
flowers about an inch and an half long, exceeding fragrant, the 
fcent refembling that of the violet, of a deep bright yellow 
colour ; faux and the lower part of the limb that forms the 
under-lip marked with purple rays on the infide, tips of all the 
fegments purple. The Bankfian Herbarium contains a three- 
flowered fpecimen, gathered at the Cape of Good-Hope, by 
Mr. Masson. 


Our drawing was made from a fpecimen imported by Meffrs. 
Lee and Kennedy, in whofe confervatory at Hammerfmith 
it flowered in May laft, mod probably for the iirft time in 
Europe. A fpecies not yet recorded in any work known to us ; 
very nearly akin to Gladiolus trtflis % both in leaf and bloom. 
Scarcely a mere variety of it ? G. 


No. 101 3, verfo folio, 1. g, for "519" read "872-." 

No. 1098, 1. 24, pro " deleatur" lege " deleantur." 

No. 1443, folii fecundi pag. prima, a calce 1, 13, poll "defer." dele 

No. 1450, 1. 7, poft " Kuda," adde hamum alterum conclulionis. 

No, 1460, 1. j 9, pro « edi, 1, 438*" lege « ed. 2. 1. 438." 


C M84 ] 

Lobelia unidentata. Single-toothed 


.sji. J&— v«. il&. ik. ^k. jis. »'« ..Sk-ix*- *!s.,jfe..jfe. >'« .*'*. ill .•<?£ Jsk. jfs. 
»jr ^» /,r /jr vjr vj?" 55. *i> »J» *f> *j* Jjc «■{» *,» ^c .,» *j» *pr <jr 

C/<$/} and Order. 


(Syngenesia Mo nog am i a. Linn.) 


Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-fidus. Cor. l-petala, irregularis. Anthers cohserentes. 
Cap/, infera, 2 — 3-locularis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

LOBELIA unidentata; foliis linearibus utrinque unidentatis. 

Hort. Kew, ed. alt. v. 1. p. 356. Donn Hort. Cant, ed, 6. 

p. 51. 
LOBELIA bidentata. Donn Hort. Cant. ed. 4. p. 41. 

This little plant, from the bright violet colour of its flowers, 
of which it produces a profufion in long fucceffion, is well 
worth cultivating. It thrives belt when the pot ftands conftantly 
in water. The form of the corolla of this fpecies differs con- 
fiderably from' that of every other in the genus with which we 
are acquainted. It is in fact tripe talous ; the three laciniui of 
the upper lip being united into one at the bafe, whillt the other 
two forming the lower lip are diftinct; and the ftamens and ftile 
pafs between them; fo that the flower in this fpecies is reverfed 
when compared with the ufual arrangement of the laciniae in 

We firft obferved this plant in Mr. Woodford's collection 
at Vauxhall ; our drawing was taken from one communicated by 
Mr. Salisbury, of the Botanic Gardens, Bromptonand Sloane- 
Square. Flowers all the fummcr. Propagated by keds or 
cuttings. Native of the Cape of Good Mope. 


■'air Zj e / 



C H%5 3 

Lasiopetalum quercifolium. Oak- 
leaved Lasiopetalum. 

## %i$ *-*-*•+ * *Hfr *• -*- *•*■ *# *- * * * &•* 

C/rt/} a;;J Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Charatler. 

Cal. rotatus, 5-fidus. Stamina bah* fquama munita. Anther* 
apice poris duobus. Cap/, fupera, 3-locularis, trivalvis : valvis 
medio feptiferis. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

LASIOPETALUM quercifolium; foliis cordatis trilobis j lobis 
obtufe lobulatis, ftipulis fablobatis petiolatis. 

LASIOPETALUM quercifolium; foliis cordatis trilobis : lobis 
obtufe lobulars. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 2. p. 36. 

LASIOPETALUM quercifolium. Bot.Repof.45g. 

Desc. A low depreffed/fo^, covered in every part with a 
brown, flellated, rigid, fubpungcht pubefcence. Leaves alternate, 
three or five-lobed, with the lobes obtufely finuate, dark, green 
on the upper furface, pale and woolly underneath; but both 
fides as well as the footflalks and margins are ftudded over with 
the above-mentioned ftarry pubefcence. Stipules oppofitc, ge- 
nerally three-lobed, refembling the leaves, on fhort footftalks. 
Peduncle folitary, oppofed to the leaf, bearing a fimple raceme 
of red flowers looking one way. Calyx petal like, five-cleft, 
rotate-campanulate. Bracles three, linear, rcilexed, clofe to 
and nearly as long as the calyx. 

Native of New-Holland. Requires a greenhoufe. Propa- 
gated by cuttings. Flowers from April to June. Communi- 
cated by Mr. Knight, from the Exotic Nuriery, King's-Road, 

r&, V/,.U,irfA 

C i486 ] 


Clafs and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Charafier. — Fid. No. 1485. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

LASIOPETALUM folanaceum ,- foliis cordatis fubquinquelobis 
repando finuatis, ftipulis reniformibus fubfefTilibus, fila- 
mentis decern : alternis flerilibus longioribus apice hamatis. 

LASIOPETALUM tripbyllum. Smith in Rees Cyclopad. vix 
tamen Labillardieri. 

Desc. A taller JJjrub tban the quercifolium, covered with a 
fimilar ftarry pubefcence, but fofter; leaves alternate, five-Iobed, 
obtufely finuate, very woolly on the under furface, frequent!*', 
but not always bordered with a yellowifh (tripe, like fbme of 
the variegated geraniums j footjlalks nearly the length of the 
leaf. At the bafe of each footilalk grow two, oppofite, kidney- 
fhaped ftipules, moftly quite entire, fometimes a little lobed, 
feflile or on very fhort ftalks. Thefe ftipules, as we mould 
call them, are called by Labillardiere and Smith leaves, 
and hence this and the preceding are both defcribed as three- 
leaved. Peduncles oppoled to the leaf, horizontal, racemes fre- 
quently branched : pedicles divaricate. Bratles three, fubulate, 
not half the length of the calyx, reflexed. Calyx five-cleft : 
fegments folded back, pointed, white with a pale rofe-coloured 
{tripe in the middle. Stamens five, fertile with a longer fterile 
filament between each, hooked at the point ; the fertile filaments 
are fhort, flefhy, and flattened : anthers heart-fhape pointed, 
opening on the in fide near the tip. Gormen fuperior, round, 


five-angled, three- eel led : Jlyle ftraight, longer than the ftamens : 
Jiigma, when viewed through a lens, trifid. 

Although we have no doubt but that our plant is the fame as 
the one defcribed by our friend Dr. Smith, in the Cyclopaedia, 
vet we are far from being convinced that it is the tripkyUm 
of Labillardiere, in whole figure the form of the leaves 
and of the flipules is very different ; his plant too efpecially 
differs, in that the latter are on longifh footflalks ; and the 
barren filaments are defcribed to be fhorter than the fertile 

Native of New-Holland. Flowers from May to July. Re- 
quires the flicker of a greenhoufe. Propagated by cuttings. 
We were favoured with the plant, from which our drawing was 
taken, by Meffrs. Chandler and Buckingham, Nurfcrymen, 
in Vauxhall-Road. 

WTfi^W^/W FJ^n/^ jfc 

^i&y S&.rA,r W*J—rlt Jkf?* 

C H*7 3 

Bartonia decapetala. Ten-petaled 


Clafs and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. fuperus, pcrfiflens, 5-partitus. Cor. polypetala : petajtj 
unguiculatis. Stamina numerofiffima, erecla, uniformia. Cap/. 
cylindrica, 1-locularis, apice operculatim 3 — 5-valvis : Recep- 
tacula 3 — 5, parietalia, duplici ferie feminifera. Sem. plurima, 
complanata, fubelliptica. 

Obs. Loafre et Mentzelias affiv is ; ab hac filamentis ccqur.libus 
feminibus numerofis, ab ilia petalorum numero et veclariornm dejetlu fatis 

Specific Character. 

BARTONIA decapetala^ petal is decern, genuine foliofo, fe- 
minibus nudis. 

The name of Bartonia is given to this plant in honour of 
Dr. B. S. Barton, Profeflbr of Botany and Natural Hiflory, 
in the Univerfity of Penfylvania. 

} u s s 1 e u , in his Genera Planiarum, had added M eutzelia 
and Loasa, in a feparate fe&ion, to the end of the natural 
order of Onagri, as plants nearly related. But fince the publi- 
cation of that work, he has (in the Annales du Mufcura cTHift. 
Nat. v. 5. p. 18.) feparated thefe two genera from the Onagra, 
making of them a diitincl order, under the name of Loafese. 

To this natural order Bartonia belongs. It differs iVom 
Mentzelia in the indefinite number of its ftamens, the uni- 
formity of its filaments, and the number and form of its feeds, 
which in Mbhtzelia are angular and feldom exceed fix. 
From Loasa it differs in the number of its petals ; in being 


deftitute of neftaries, or the varioufly formed fcales alternating 
with the petals, in not having its flamens arranged in diftinct 
bundles, and in its capfule being entirely inferior. 

This beautiful plant is about three or four feet high, with 
fpreading branches, covered with a profufton of odoriferous 
flowers, which expand after fun-fet, and remain clofed up the 
whole of the day. Native of North-America, growing fpon- 
taneoufly in the neighbourhood on the banks of the Miflburi, 
from the river Piatt to the Andes, on arid volcanic foil. 

Living plants have been brought to this country, by Mr. 
Thomas Nuttall, who collected them in the fituation above 
defcribed. It has not however as yet flowered here, on which 
account our drawing was taken from dried fpecimens. It is by 
particular requeft only that we have been induced to publifh 
fuch, contrary to our rule, feldom deviated from, and never 
without mentioning it, of admitting none but drawings from the 

Another fpecies of this genus is known, which is polypetalous, 
has a naked germen, and winged feeds. 

For the above generic and fpecific characters, and indeed the 
whole communication, we are indebted to Mr. Frederick. 
Pursh, author of a new Flora or North-American plants, now 
in the prefs. 

C 1488 ] 

Tacca integrifolia. Entire-leaved 


4N* i $ & ♦ ft »$♦»♦♦ ijt $ ^ j $ » 

Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. fupera, fexpartita, regularis, perfiftens. Filamcnta ban* 
laciniarum corolla inferta, dilatata, fupra cucullata (inflexo- 
fornicata. G.) G>?w» uniloculare, placentis tribus parietalibus, 
polyfpermis. Stylus trifulcus. Stigmata 3, dilatata. Bacca 
polyTperma. Semina ftriata, albuminofa. Embryo minutus, m 
regione umbilici. Brown Prod. Flor. Nov. Holland. 1. 340. 

Obs. Herbas glabra:. Radix tulerofa frhizomatofa. G.) Folia 
omnia radicalia palmata v. bipinnatifida, DracontII polyphyUi itiftafy 
(quandoque integra. G.) Scapus radicalism indivijus. Umbella term* 
rtalis, [implex : Involucro polyphylh, foliaceo : Pedunculis//Vj (peduncuhs 
Jlerilibus ? ) intermijlis. Brown loc. cit. 

Specific CharaSler, 

TACCA integrifolia; foliis petiolatis, lamina ovato-lanceolata y 
integra, nervo medio depreflb alios remotiufculos oblique 
parallelos utrinque emittcnte. G. 

As we had no opportunity of feeing the plant from which our 
drawing was made, we fhall not attempt to add any further 
defcription to that contained in the generic and fpecific characters. 
In the former of thefe, at the fuggeftion of Mr. Brown, WC 
have omitted that part which related to the anthers, as inappli- 
cable to the prefent fpecies. In the BankTian library we have 
feen a drawing of it done in India, in which the Item is upright, 
fo that we ihould infer that its recumbent pofition in our fpecimen 
was accidental ; perhaps the effecl of artificial culture ? An 
unrecorded fpecies ; lately fcnt from the Eaft-Indies by Dr. 
Roxburgh to Sir Abraham Hume, in whofe hot-houfe at 
Wormleybury it bloflbmed in June laft, probably for the firft 
time in Europe. Mr. Brown obferves, that the genus is inter- 
mediate between the Aroide.'e and AristolociujE. G, 




-fcti lyv 

W«M0fc JejB f /#/2 

. /jW kV". 

C 14% ] 



Generic Charatler. — /?i. A r o. 916. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms, 

UVULARIA rofea ; (fios e minoribus ; capfula baccata ;) caule 
fubtereti, angulofo-ftriato, fuperne dichotomo flexuofo 
denfius villofo; foliis fubbifariis, amplexicaulibus, ovato- 
acuminatis, nudis, ciliatis, a fupino immerfe fubfeptem- 
coftatis ; pedunculis hirtulis, fingulis pede folii ramei (quo 
pluries brevioribus) pofitis, uno verfu extrorfum diftortis, 
recurvatis, fubfimplicibus, fubunifloris (inferioribus f<epius 
rudimento pedkelli cum /lore abortivofub medium fiipatis ; corolla 
campanulata, recurvula. G. 

UVULARIA rofea. Perfoon Syn. 1 . 360. 

STREPTOPUS rofeus; glaber, lucidus : foliis amplexicaulibus, 
ferrulato-ciliolatis : floribus rofeis ; antheris brevibus, bi- 
cornibus. Michaux Flor. Bar. Amer. 1. 201. tab. 18. 

Desc. Stem about a foot and half high ; downwards fmooth, 
diftantlv leaved, rounder and lefs ftriate than at the branches, 
where it is fomewhat comprefled, angularly ftriate, clothed with 
a fhort thick nap, and alfo ilexuofe ; leaves gradually fmaller 
and clofer fet as they approach the top of the branches, upper 
ones about half their own length diftant, the fides of all roll 
back as they decay ; corolla about the third of an inch deep. 
We had no opportunity of feeing the bloom. We are obliged 
to Mr. A 1 ton for the fpecimen from which the drawing was 
made. Flowered in Kew Gardens towards the end of laft 
May. Native of Canada and the high mountains of North- 
Carolina. Hardy. The figure of it, given in Michaux's 
work, is evidently taken from a dried plant. G. 


S rJt."J fd t mn A JW ZU. fr j' Cmt* t JNAvmH Stp. / ftfs . 

C M90 ] 


#♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦>♦♦♦ ♦ ♦♦♦ ♦♦ 

Generic Character. — Vid. No. 916. 

Specific Chamber and Synonyms. 

UVULARIA lanuginofa ; (flos e majoribus ; capfula haccata $ G.) 
incana, foliis feffilibus, fubcordatis, pedicellis geminatis. 
Perfoon Syn. 1. 360. 

STREPTOPUS lanuginofus t fubcandicanti-lanuginofus : foliis 
feffilibus bafi vix cordatis : pedicellis in breviffimo ftipite 
geminatis ; floribus majufculis, virefcentibus. Michaux 
Flor. Bor. Amer. 1. 201. 

Desc. Root as in the reft of the genus; Jlem about a foot 
high, terminating in two or three divergent branches, from green 
becoming brown, adpreffedly downy ; leaves ovate-lanceolate, 
far acuminate, three-ribbed, reticulately veined, downy on the 
under, naked on the upper furface ; -peduncles dichotomous, two- 
flowered; capfule berried, red, tritorofe, fometimes oblong, with 
one cell only fertile. Native of the high grounds of South- 
Carolina. We loft the opportunity of infpecting the flowers for 

The drawing was taken from a plant brought to this country 
from America by Mr, Lyon, with whom it bloomed in Mav 
laft. Hardy. G. 


fy^S^ar^^l HJ&rU 

-, r , 


JTc/aafei*' 6 

I H9 1 1 

Oncidium bifolium. Two-leaved 

Oafs and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

Generic Character. 

Cor.±-{. 5-petaIa, patens. Lahellum planum, bad tuberculofum, 
^/^r^opercularis, decidua. 

Specific Charafler. 

OXCIDIUM bifolium ; bulbis ovatis fubhexagonis, foliis duobus 
lanceolatis cannatis. 

Dfsc. Bulbs oval, obfoletely fix fided. Leaves two (or 
fometimes only one) fcarcely three inches long, lance-fhaped, 
keeled. Scape rounded, three times longer than the leaves, 
growing on the outfide of the bulb, betwixt it and its fheath, 
naked, except a very fmal! bracle at each divifion. Pedi.lts an 
inch in length and forming right angles with the fcape. Flozi-ers 
growing in a lax raceme, very beautiful. The three upper 
lacini* nearly equal ; the uppermost ovate and contracted into a 
claw: the two lide ones oblong, undulated, fpreading; the two 
lower lacinia like the upper, but united into one claw ; all of 
them variegated with yellow and brown. Labellum, or heftary, 
large, liar, two lobed^ of a moft brilliant light yellow colour, 
terminating in a flefhy claw, which is furnilhed with two horn- 
like appendages at the bafe, and tuberculated on the furface. 
Columna, or Style, turgid in the middle, with a wing like ex- 
crefcence on each fide, near the upper extremity, on which refts 
the lid like anther terminating in a brownifh vifcid point; to 
this point the two lobes of the pollen-mafles are attached by 
means of a tranfparent pedicle, continued fomewhat beyo.,d 


For this beautiful flower we are indebted to our friends 
Me firs. Lod dices and Sons, who received it from a gentle- 
man, who informed them tint he brought it from Monte-Video, 
and that being hung up in the cabin without earth, it continued 
to flower great part of the voyage home. It feems however 
hardly probable that it fhould be a native of fo temperate a 
climate ; and it has been fuggefted that the fhip may have touched 
at the Brazils, and that this plant was procured there. 

It feems to propagate readily by the bulbs, and promifes to 
be a great ornament to our ftoves. Flowered in July laft. 

. \,-,f(}z 

■ Jm &<***rJj< ?>U. JTSen. 

[ *49 2 ] 
Cymbidium hyacinthinum. Hyacinthine 


•% t-4- ♦ $ fr ♦ ft $ ♦.♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Mh(h>' 

Clqfs and Order. 

Gynandria Monandria. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. 5-petala, ere£ta vel patens. Lahellwn bad concavum, 
ecalcaratum, lamina patula. Anthera opercularis, decidua. Pollen 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

CYMBIDIUM hyacinthinum; radice tuberofa, foliis lanceolatis 
multinerviis, floribus ere&is racemofis, labello imbeibi 
fulcato quadrilobo. Smith Exot. Bot. p. 117. /. 60. 

LIMODORUM hyacinthinum. Hort. Cant. ed. 6. p. 236. 

Profeflbr Swartz in his valuable treatifes on the Or- 
cHiDEi:, publifhed firft in the Swedifh and Latin languages, 
and tranflated and republished in 'Trails on Botany, has arranged 
the Limodorum altum of LinnjEUS, under his new genus 
Cymbidium, fince adopted by Prof. Willdenow and our 
friend Dr. Smith. Our plant, from its affinity with that fpecies. 
could not but be arranged under the fame genus, and accordingly 
we find the name of Cymbidium hyacinthinum given it in the 
Exotic Botany of the laft-mentioned author; where it was firft. 
noticed. It is diftinguifhed from Limodorum and Dendro- 
bium by the want of any fpur to the labellum or ne&ary. 

Native of Chin a ; but not, we believe, of Trinidad. Intro- 
duced by Thomas Evans, Efq. of the India-Houfe, in 1803. 
Flowers in the ftove at different feafons of the year. Our 
drawing was taken at Meffrs, Lfe and Kennedy's in April. 



JFL2 3y XjCOtfJL WaZ*rorM.:fy> r /V8*S- 


C H93 3 

bossi^a prostrata. procumbent 

Clafs and Order. 


Generic Chamber. 

Cat. 2-labiatus : labia fuperiore majore, femi bifido, obtufo. 
St am. omnia connexa. Legum. plano-compreffum, marginc 
utroque incraffatum. Semina ilrophiolata. Brown inHort. Kew. 

Specific Character. 

BOSSIiEA projlrata ; vamis foliofis filiformibus, caule pro- 
cumbente, foliis ovalibus glabris, ftipulis petiolo breviori- 
bus, legumine uniloculari. Brown I. c. 4. p. 268. inedit. 

Meflrs. Lod dices and Sons furnifhed us with the plant 
from which our drawing was taken. It is a native of New 
South-Wales. Requires the protection of a greenhoufe, and 
the fame treatment as the other papilionaceous ihrubs of that 

No figure has been before given of it, in any publication 
that we know of. 

Our Platylobium microphyttum (No. 863) belongs to this 
genus. Bossivea lancealata is, in the new edition of Hortus 
Kewenfis, more properly called heteropbyUa, which was the name 
Ventenat gave it, the principal reafon for our adopting the 
name by which it is diftinguifhed in the Botanift's Repofitory, 
being done away, by its having been now decided that ovatutn 
and lanceolatum are mere varieties of the fame fpecies, as we 
fufpe&ed they might be. 



'"*/■; '/wards Z) e 7 J>z*i A x 

C H94 ] 

Euphorbia Ipecacuanha. Emetic 


'$$ $H$H $ | i j $ | ♦ 4 $ j 



Generic CharacJer. 

Cor. 4-f. 5-petala, calyci infidens. C#/. i-phyllus, ventricofus. 
Gj^ 3-cocca. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

EUPHORBIA Ipecacuanha,- dichotoma, foliis integerrimis Ian- 
ceolatis, pedunculis axillaribus unifloris folia aequantibus, 
caule erefto. Amoen. Acad. v. 3. p 116. Sp. Pi. 653. 
Willd. 2. p. 900. Reich. 2. p. 443. Mart. Mill Die! n 44. 

EUPHORBIA Ipecacuanha; perennis procumbens, pumila, 
glabra : foliis oppofitis feffilibus, obovahbus oblongifve, 
integris : pedunculis folitariis, l-floris, elongatis. Micbaux 
Fl. Bor.-Am. 2. p. 212. 

EUPHORBIA inermis ; foliis oppofitis, pedunculis unifloris 
folitariis longiffimis. Gton. Virg. 2. p 74. 

TITHYMALUS flore exiguo viridi, apicibus flavis, antequam 
folia emittit florens: foliis glabris acuminatis, ad cordis 
formam accedentibus, nervofis, rigidis : radicibus albis 
reptatricibus. Nonnullis Ipecacuanha. Clayton Virg. n. 555. 

We are indebted to Meffrs. Frasers, of Sloane-Square, for 
the opportunity of giving a figure of this very rare plant, which 
is not found either in the new edition of Ai ton's Hortus Kew- 
enfis or in Donn's Hortus Cantabrigienfis. 

It is a native of Pennfylvania, Virginia, and Carolina, grow- 
ing in fandy fituations. 

Formerly two kinds of Ipecacuanha were kept in the {hops, 
the white and the brown : theformer was fuppofed by fome to 


have been the produft of the roots of this plant ; but this is 
very doubtful. The name of Ipecacuanha appears to have been 
applied to feveral different plants which have no botanical 
affinity, merely becaufe they were ufed to excite vomiting, for 
which purpofe Clayton remarks that this fpecies of Spurge 
was fomctimes ralhly exhibited in America, efpecially by the 
inhabitants of the North. At prefent we ufe but one kind of 
Ipecacuanha, which is certainly not obtained from this or any 
other fpecies of Euphorbia. 

We are informed by Michaux, that the leaves of this plant 
vary much in form, being obovate, oblong, or fometimes quite 
linear. Often too it is found buried in the fand, growing with 
crowded (terns, and appearing to be leaflefs. 

Flowers in June. Is quite hardy. Propagated by dividing 
its roots. Likes a gravelly dry foil. 


<&rardr/)eZ.J r Ja?ifeTnJc-. /Ll.iy J ' (Ifr&r We/wprfik fo&t. 10/ 2 

[ H95 ] 

Generic Chamber. — P5& j\&. 918. 
Specific CharaEler and Synonyms. 

EUCOMIS nana; foliis pluribus (5 — 8), muhifariis, in orbem 
humi recumbentibus, planis, denfe ftriatulis, remotius im- 
merfo-lineatis, tenuiiiima crenulataque cartilagine marginatis, 
clavato fcapo fub triplum longioribus, exterioribus fpathulato- 
obovatis, interioribus fpathulato-lanceolatis ; coma poly- 
phylla fenfim bracteis confluentc ; racemo conferto, cylin- 
drico, clavurn fcapi fubaequante ; imis bracleis ovatis mera- 
branaceis flore brevioribus, fummis longioribus foliola 
comae aemulantibus ; corolla fubfeflili, nutante, oblato- 
campanulata, fubirregulari, aequali, laciniis fpathulato- 
oblongis obtufis cum parvo acumine, planis, infimis trinis 
remotioribus ; filamentis (ubulatis, ere8.o-incurvefcentibus, 
ferto breviffimo cupulatim connexis, coroliae pro quarta 
circiter parte adnatis ; genuine oblato-rotundato, altc tri- 
fulco, pulvinato-tritoroib ; itylo tiiitriato-fetaceo, puncto 
ftigmatofo fimpliciffimo. G. 

EUCOMIS nana. Hort. KfW. u 432. ed. 2. 2. 245. UHerit. 
Sert. AngL 17. J acq. Hort. Schoenb. 1. 47. tab. 92. Coll. 4. 
213. Willd. Sp. PL 2 . 92; (exchtfa pajjim F r i t i l l a r i a 
nana Burmanni et ad L. biloliam A r/ - fuperioris 840 

BASIL/EA nana. Zuccagni in Roemer. Coll. Bot. 136. 

ORNITHOGALUM nanum. Tbunb. Prod. Pi. Capenf. 62. 

FR I TILL ARIA regia. Bum. Flor. Cap. 9. Linn. Sp. PL ed. 2. 
1. 435. Mill. Ditl. ed. 8. n. 9. Syjl. Veg. ed. 14. 324; 
(minime tamen Eucomis regia Haiti Kewenjis, cut male alie- 
gatur Dillenius ; neque L'Heritieri qua undulata N'- jhperioris 

CORONA regalis lilii folio crenato. Dillen. Hort. Eltb. 109. 
tab. 92. fig. 108/ et tab. 93. fig. 109. 

Our fpecies owes its fpecific name to the having been con- 
fidered as the Fritillaria nana of Burman and LinnjEUs, 
although thofc authors have defcribed their plant with hilarious 
leaves, while in this they are multifarioufly difpofed round the 


fcape. But our plant is their Fritillaria regia, in as much 
as it is the fame with that which they have quoted for it from 
Dillenius, who was molt probably the authority for their 
fpecies, and the E. bifolia of No. 840 of this work is their 
F. nana. It is evident from the original fpecimen in the Bank- 
fian Herbarium, that the E. regia of the Hortus Kewenfis (not- 
withstanding the editors have cited the Dillenian plant) is a 
diftinct fpecies from the prefent, and more nearly allied to the 
undulataoS. No. 1083; poffibly a mere variety, with broader, 
blunter, and flatter leaves. L'Heritier's regia, which he took 
up from a plant in the Kew Gardens, is undoubtedly the fame 
with undulata, fince he quotes the figure of it given in Hill's 
Hortus Kewenfis, under the tide of Fritillaria longifolia. 
We have endeavoured to rectify the fynonymy, but left utidif- 
turbed the names by which each fpecies is now generally known. 
The whimftcal title of regia was fuggefted by Dillenius, who 
hit upon regalis in the way he explains in the following words ; 
" ceeterum cum coronam habeant botanici imperialem (Fritil- 
u lariam imperialem), quidni hanc regalem vocemus, cujus ap- 
" pellationis rationem thyrfuscoronatimdigeitus facile vindicabit." 
Leaves about a foot long, gradually narrower, outer one at the 
broadeft 3 — 4 inches over ; fcape 3 — 4 inches high ; flowers 
herbaceous, fcentlefs j expanding in April and May. Cultivated 
by Dillenius; and again introduced by Mr. Masson, from 
the Cape of Good Hope, in 1774. 

Our drawing was made at MefTrs. Lee and Kennedy's 
Nurfery, Hammerfmith. Has been lately reimported by Mr. 
Niven, and, not being recognized, baptized in fome of our 
gardens by the name of Niveniana. Petiver's figure, by 
fome authors attached to nana, is far from certain ; it has been 
taken from a dried plant without leaves. G. 


No. 840. Eucomis bifolia. To this the following fyno< 
nyms mould be added. 

FRITILLARIA nana. Burm. Trod. cap. 9. Linn. Mant. 223. 
Syji. Veg.ed. 14. 325. 

No. 1083. Eucomis undulata. And to this the following. 

EUCOMIS regia. LHerit. Sert. Angl. 17 ,• (excl. Dill, et Linn.) 

E. regia. 0. Mart. Mill. Did. 

FRITILLARIA longifolia. Hill Hort. Kew. 354. tab. 15. 

JhZ fy: S &rf^ WJvorZi PotT/. f0,\ 


[ H9 6 1 

Iris fulva. Tawny or Copper-coloured 


C7<2/} #;/i Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic CharaFler. 

Inflor. terminalis, fafciculata, uni pi uri flora - t fpatha communis 
bivalvis, intergerinas unifloras includens. Cor. iiipera, tubulofo- 
fexfida; tubus interdum plenus ; limbus amplus, involuto-emar- 
cefcens, aequalis aut perinaequalis, faepius biformis laciniis alternis 
inter fe fimilibus; interioribus frcquentius eretlis, quandoque 
fuperne reflexis, raro divaricatis; exterioribus lamina conftanter 
reflexa, ungue faepe intus pubefcente. Germ, rarius fubfeflile. 
Stylus triqueter, tubo aequalis ac in pleno una confolidatus. 
Stigm. 3, trifaria, inclufa, petaloidea, extrorfum fornicata, bila- 
biata labio exieriore curto diploioideo-fubtenfo, interior* bipartito 
reflexo. Stam. bafi laciniarum exteriorum impofita, faciebus 
ftigmatum accumbentia. Anth. lineares, extrorfae. Cap/, coriacca, 
nunc chartacca torulofa, rotundate acutevc trigona, rarius hcxa- 
gona, 3-I0C : loculamentis polyfpermis, 3-vaIv: valvis feptigeris. 
Sem. biferialia, horizontalia, fepti margini internee utrinque 
annexa, nunc globofa, prcflione faepius defbrmata, glabra, nunc 
rugofe tuberculata ; albumen durum. G. 

Obs. Herbs perennes ; radix rhizoma horizonfale divifum, raro 
tuberifarmc bulbiceps atque pcrpcndiculare, nunc bulbus tunica/us, nunquam 
ac conftanter in proximo. Mo R.E A bulbo-tuber ; folia enjata ccllatcrali- 
dijiitba, ?nddo canallculata tranfvcrfe bifaria> rarijjime tetragena ; caulis 
ramofus cubitalis ad ' Jcapofum fubierraneum fubtiuilitm. G. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

IRIS fulva • (imberbis ; fubbiflora ; rhizoma fubcylindricum, divifum, 
annulato-nodofiim ;) folii.s pluribus (4 — 5), anguftius lorato- 
enfatis, ftriatulis, fubflaccidis ; fummis cauiem teretcm 
nunc ramofum geniculate flcxum fubfuperantibua ; fpatha 
florem execdente, valvis extimis heibaccis, naviculari- 


lanceolatis, infima fubfoliacea ; germine ovali-oblongo, 
hexagono, quam pcdicellus breviori ; tubo fiftulofo, ro- 
tundate fubtrigono, fexftriato, germinis fub quartam bre- 
vioris ferme diametro ; limbo reflexo, laciniis totis planis 
obtufatis, exterioribus ovali-ellipticis, tubo duplo longiori- 
bus, inferne fubanguftatis, interioribus depreffioribus lan- 
ceolato-ellipticis fubbrevioribus duplo anguftioribus ; ftig- 
matibus a corollae difco proftantibus, ahe convexis, infra 
utrinque ferratis, interioris labii fegmentis dentato-crofis ; 
labio exteriore finuato-bilobo lobulis deflexis ; capfula 
ventricofo-ovali, hexagona. G. 

Desc. Rootftock afllirgent about half an inch in diameter; 
leaves of a bright green colour, equitant, fheathing, thofe in the 
fterile fafcicles, as throughout the genus, broader and longer than 
thofe in the fertile ones, about two feet high and more than half 
an inch acrofs ; fiem about the thicknefs of an ordinary quill and 
ufually one-branched ; corolla about three inches long, fcentlefs ; 
tube greeniih ; fegments on their firft development hanging loofely 
down, afterwards extending themfelves fomewhat horizontally, 
as in the coloured flower of the annexed engraving, of a tawny 
or copper colour with purple veins ; by the afliliance of a mag- 
nifying glafs, that part of the outer ones which lies under the 
fligmas will be found to be covered with a fhort pubefcence, 
refembling that on the fkin of a peach, efpecially at the veins ; 
this is likewife the cafe in verjicolor and virginica^ although re- 
latively termed beardlefs. 

An unrecorded and lingular fpecies, differing from any known 
to us in the colour and inflexion of the corolla. Found fpon- 
taneous on the Banks of Mififlippi, in low grounds not far from 
the town of New-Orleans. Introduced into this country in i 8t i» 
by Mr. Lyon, a very intelligent and induftrious collector of 
North- American plants. Hardy. Bloflbms in June. Seeds 
freely, and is eafily propagated by dividing the rootftock. G. 


" ™> &**4y S&rA, Wafw/A o, 


^■J^//< '**n i ft 

[ H97 ] 

Lachenalia nervosa. Nerved-leaved 

# <r<t ♦ # ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 

Generic Char at! er. — Vide N' s - 745, 854, 993. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

LACHENALIA nervofa ; (flos media magnitudine ;) foliis fub- 
binis, humi apprefTe recumbentibus, oblongo-ovatis, acu- 
tulis, planis, immerfe nervofis, fcapo duplo brevioribus, 
denticulis in margine cartilagineis minutiifimis, (interdum a 
fupino pujlulatis ;) racerao numerofo, laxiufculo; pcdicellis 
divaricaris, flore parura brevioribus, braftea fubeequali 
fuffultis ; corolla horizontali-nutante, curtatim cylindrico- 
campanata ; laciniis extimis ovatis, concavis, bafi fubgib- 
bofis, extus callo parvo prominulo proxime infra apicem 
notatis ; intimis fublongioribus, oblongis, obtufis, recurvis ; 
ftaminibus corolla duplo longioribus, declinato-afTurgenti- 
bus, divergentibus, infimo remotius deflexo ; piftillo iftis 
aequali ; germine ovato, rotundate trigono, fulcis tribus 
profundioribus ; ftylo ter longiori, trifiriato-fetaceo ; ftig- 
mate inconfpicuo. G. 

Comes very near to purpureo-cternka (No. 745 ;) from which 
however we are inclined to think it mould be fpecifically dif- 
tinguifhed, on account of its deprefTedly nerved recumbent flat 
leaves ; its corolla is alfo lefs widely expanded, and lowermofl 
flamen divaricate. Our fpecimen, which was kindly fent us by 
the Hon. William Herbert, from his collection at Mitcham, 
had been raifed with feveral others from feeds produced by a 
bulb imported from the Cape of Good Hope. The offspring 
differed in nothing from the mother-plant, but that their leaves 
were entirely fmooth, while in that thefe were pullulate ; a 
variation that takes place in feveral other fpecies, particularly in 
purpureo-Cicrulea. BlofTomed in June. Flowers about the third 
of an inch in length, of a chocolate-purple hue, difFufing a very- 
powerful fcent, which appeared to us to refemble that of new- 
bay. G. 


c/&«?"Sftbw^ Z>ml Jb&.$rU*J&0& *r«/r0r2l0*£*'** ^/.W/W' 7 ' 

E 1498 3 

Viola Rothomagensis. Rouen Hearts- 

4+ #$# jHMHMHMt- HnM- * 

Cfo/J #«</ Order. 


Generic Cbarafier. 

Cal. 5-phyllus. Cor. 5-petaIa, irregularis, poftice cornuta. 
Anth. cohaerentes. Cap/, fupera, 3-valvis, 1 -[ocularis. 

Specific Cbaracler and Synonyms, 

VIOLA rothomagenfis ; diffufa, hirta, foliis oblongis petiolatis 
fubcordato ovatis crenatis, bra&eis pinnatifidis : Iacinia 
ultima majore fubovata. Perfoon Syn. 1. p. 255. TbuiL FL 
Paris, p. 454. Lam. et Dec. FL Franc. 4. p. 809. 

VIOLA htfpida. Lam. F/or. Fr. 2. p. 679. 

The Rouen Heart's-ease, firft difcovered by Profeflbr 
Vaillant, and long cultivated, under the name now adopted, 
in the Botanical Garden at Paris, refembles very much the 
common Viola tricolor, but has a perennial creeping root, is more 
diffufe and very hairy; the flowers are pale-blue, and grow on 
very long footftalks. It either has not been cultivated here, or 
has pafied unnoticed, not being found either in the Kew or 
Cambridge catalogue. 

Our drawing was made from a plant communicated by 
MelTrs. Malcolm and Sweet, of Stockwell. Flowers all the 
fummer 3 and is propagated by feeds or parting its roots. 



[ H99 ] 

Lobelia Speculum. Looking-glass 

♦ f ♦ + $ $ $ ♦ f f f $ '♦ f » f fr f f 

C/#/} 0«i Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Charatler. 

Cal. 5-fidus. Cor. l-petala, irregularis. Anthers cohasrentes. 
Cap/, infera 2 feu 3-locularis. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

LOBELIA Speculum, caule proftrato, pedunculis axillaribus 
folitariis unifloris longiflimis, corollis hypocrateriformibus : 
limbo rotato. 

LOBELIA Speculum. BoL Repof. 664. 

CAMPANULA africana annua anguftifolia flore purpurafcente 
major. Commel. Hort. 2. p. 75. /. 38. 

This is an annual plant, with many fpreading (lender branches ; 
leaves linear-lanceolate, irregularly toothed or quite entire ; the 
flowers are of a very deep violet-colour, and grow from the 
axils of the leaves on very long peduncles ; fegments of the 
calyx fubulate patent ; corolla monopetalous, with the tube fplit 
on one fide, allowing the flamens and ftyle to efcape, as in 
many other fpecies of Lobelia: limb 5-cleft, nearly regular; 
latinise rotate, very obtufe, with a fmall mucro or point. 

It has been fuggefted that this plant, from the regularity of 
hs corolla, fhould not be ranked with Lobelia. In this 
refpecl, however, it does not differ more from its congeners 
than Lobelia unidentala, next to which we fhould it place in 
a fyftematical arrangement. 

Although not yet inferted in any modern Flora, this fpecies 
appears to us to have been in Holland many years ago, and to 
have been defcribed and figured by Commelin in the work 
above quoted. 

Communicated from the Exotic Nurfery, in the KingVRoad, 
Little-Chelfea. Native of the Cape of Good-Hope. 


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Clafs and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. 4-phyllus. Cor. 4-petala. A&7. foliola 4, lanceolata, 
medio petalorura inferta, conniventia. Anthers geminas e bafi 
folii ne&arii dependentes. Cap/, l-locularis, 2-valvis, poly- 
fperma. Sem. receptaculo fpongiofo inferta. 

Specific Name and Synonyms, 

ROXBURGHIA Gloriofa. Perfoon Syn. 1. p. 412. 
ROXBURGHIA gloria/bides. Roxb. Corom. 1. p. 29. /. 32. 

Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 2. p. 348. Willd. Sp. PL 2. p. 321. 
ROXBURGHIA viridtfiora. Smith Exot. Bot. 1. p. 111. /. 57 . 
UBIUM polypoides. Rumpf Amboyn. v. 5. p. 365. /. 1 29 f 

In confiderlng Roxburgiiia as belonging to the clafs 
Oclandria, and in the whole generic character, we have followed 
Dr. Roxburgh's own account, which has been adopted by 
Willdenow and Persoon, as alfo in the new edition of 
A 1 ton's Hortus Kewenfis; at the fame time we fufpett that the 
very different view taken of this genus by our friend Dr. Sm ith, 
may be more confonant to nature. 

What is above denominated calyx, Dr! Smith confiders as 
corolla, and the four petals as filaments, bearing fo many anthers 
on the inferior part of their infide, crowned with an appendage, 
the netlary of Roxburgh. To this part the 1 aft-mentioned 
author defcribes the anthers as being attached, and hanging 
thence pendulous, one on each fide the longitudinal feptum, 
that divides the petal or filament in the middle ; while Dr. 
Smith confiders each filament as bearing one anther only, 
having its lobes fcparated by the projeBing ieptum. We have 
not had an opportunity of examining a fufhcient number of 
flowers in all their different ftages, to afcertain how this matter 
flands. Before maturity, the deep violet coloured anthers ad- 

here by their whole length to the filament, nor have we obfcrved 
that they afterwards feparate and remain attached to the ap- 
pendages or ne&ary only; but they poffibly may ; and if ^o, and 
the two diftinft lobes are really but one anther, the affinity of this 
plant with the natural order of afclepicde<e, between which and the 
liliace<e it is faid to be intermediate, will be the more ftriking. 
Dr. Smith however refers it to the order of afparagi ; which 
was alio the idea fuggefted to us. On the other hand, each 
lobe appeared by its habit, in our eyes, to be a complete anther, 
having a deep groove running down its middle, which feemed 
to divide it into two diftinct cells ; but this appearance may have 
been occafioned by the rolling in of the margins of the inverting 
membrane. We found the pollen perfectly white, and fufpect. 
that what Dr. Smith obferved had been (lained by the folution 
of the containing integument. 

We have adopted the fpecific name of Persoox, which 
avoids the impropriety, adverted to by Dr. Smith, of com- 
pounding words of Greek and Latin. We prefume that it has 
been afcertained that the plant here figured is really the fame 
fpecies as has been defcribed and figured by Dr. Roxburgh, 
although his reprefentation, as noticed by Dr. Smith, is in 
feveral refpe&s different ; and in the dried fpecimens which we 
have feen from the Eaft-Indies, the flowers, as in Dr. Rox- 
burgh's figure, are hardly half the fize. 

This plant received its name in honour of Dr. Roxburgh, 
Phyfician at Calcutta and fuperintendant of the Botanical Gar- 
den there, whole botanical labours are well known in Europe, 
although but a fmall proportion of them have as yet been pub- 
lifhed. Through him we have become fcientifically acquainted 
with a great number of the curious and ufelul produ&s of the 
Eaft-Indies, many of which have long been in requeft for adorn- 
ing our houfes, clothing, and feeding us; adding to the palatable- 
nefs, perhaps to the falubrity, of our diet; and farni filing our 
fhops with drugs, in high eftimaiion for the cure of many 

The flowers are not very fhewy, and when bruifed have a 
difagreeable fmell, which Dr. Smith compares to rotten cheefe, 
corrupted water, or the {linking morell ; but to us it appeared 
to contain nothing putrid, but was naufeous and difgufting, like 
that of the dwarf elder and fome night-fhades. 

Our drawing was made in the magnificent (love of the Com- 
tefle de Vandes, at Bays-Water, where this and many more 
curious and valuable tropical plants are cultivated in great per- 
fection. Native of moilt vallies among the mountains on the 
Coromandel Coaft. Requires the heat of the bark-ftove. Pro- 
pagated by cuttings. Flowers from April to Auguti. Introduced 
by the late Lady Amelia Hume. 


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Clqfs and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. prifmaticus, 5-dentatus. Cor. ringens : labio fuperiore la- 
teribusreplicato. Stigma craffum. Cap/, bilocularis, polyfperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

MlMULUS luteus ; foliis fuborbiculatis multi-nervofis, ftoloni- 

bus reptantibus. 
MlMULUS luteus ; rcpens, foliis ovatis. Sp. PL 884. 
MlMULUS luteus. Willi. Sp, Pi. 3. 361. PerfoonSyn. 2. p. 163. 
GRATIOLA foliis fubrotundis nervofis, floribus luteis, ivw/7/. 

iWz\ 2. />. 745. /. 54. 

This beautiful fpccies of Mimulus was found by Dr. 
Langsdorff, who was attached, as naturalift, to the Ruffian 
embafTy to China. He brought it, as we are informed, from 
Unafhka, one of the Fox JfJands, and feeds were tranfmitted to 
Mr. Hunnemann laft: fpring, and through him to Mr. Donn, 
curator of the Botanic Garden at Cambridge, who kindly com- 
municated to us in July laft the fpecimen from which our draw- 
ing was made, under the name of Mimulus Langsdorfii, which 
we fliould have adopted, had it proved, as was fuppofed, a new 
difcovery. But the fame fpecies was found in Chili, by Father 
Feu 1 l lee, and has been long ago defcribed and figured in 
his work, as above quoted. From him Lixnmus inferted it 
in his Species Plantarum, with the fpecific name of luteus. It was 
found alfo in California and at Nootka, by Mr. Archibald 

We received the fame from Mr. ByCHANANj Nurferyman, 


at Camberwell; but it was in Mr. Vere's garden, at Kenfing- 
ton-Gore, that Mr. Anderson pointed out to us the true 
habit of the plant, which leaves no room to doubt but that the 
Chili plant and this are the fame fpecies. It throws out, round 
tiie bafe of the erecl flowering-ftem, proftrate branches, which 
take root, and from the extremities of fome of thefe other 
flowering ftems Ihoot up. Has no fcent, but being fhewy and 
eafily propagated by feeds, and moft probably by its runners, 
muft foon be very common. Although it flowers the fame year 
it is fown, we fliould judge from its habit, that its duration is 
more than annual. 

Ns. 1487, peg. alt. I. 8. dfJe on the banks. 


In which the Latin Names of 
the Plants contained in the 
Thirty ~ Sixth Volume are alpha- 
betically arranged. 


1481 Albuca fetofa . 

1469 Allium Cepa 0, 

j 460 Aloe faponaria «. 

1474 — ^-foccotrina /3. purpurafcens. 

1480 Azalea orientalis. 

1487 Bartonia decapetala. 

1473 Begonia Evanfiana. 

1493 Boflisea proftrata. 
a 479 Ceanothus americanus. 
1492 Cymbidium hyacinthinum. 
1465 Dentaria diphylla. 
1495 Eucomis nana. 

1494 Euphorbia Ipecacuanha. 
1483 Gladiolus trichonemifolius. 
1463 Gnidia imberbis. 
a4-?5 Hefperantha pilofa. 
14^4 Jatropha integerrima. 
3496 Iris fulva. 
1497 Lachenalia nervofa. 

1470 Laurus Diofpyrus. 

1471 Laurus geniculata. 
Lafiopetalum quercifoHiim. 


1499 Lobelia Speculum. 

1484 unidenta. 

1501 Mimulus luteus. 
1491 Oncidium bifolium. 

1467 Pancratium amaenum. 
1478 Philadelphus inodorus. 
1466 Phyteuma cordata. 
1462 Pitcairnia integrifolia. 
1477 Podolobium trilobum. 

1500 Roxburghia Gloriofa. 

1468 Scilla brevifolia. 

1461 nonfcripta (£). 

1472 Septas globifera. 

1482 Sparaxis tricolor jS. y. < 

1488 Tacca integrifolia. 
1476 Trichonema fpeciofum. 
1498 Viola Rothamagenfis. 
1400 Uvularia lanuginofa. 

1489 — — rofea. 




In which the Englilh Names of 
the Plants contained in the 
Thirty -Sixth Volume are alpha- 
betically arranged. 


1460 Aloe, common foap-. 

1474 ■ largeft foccotrine. 

1481 Albuca, briftly- rooted. 

1480 Azalea, Indian. 

1471 Bay, flexuofe. 

i 47 o twiggy. 

1487 Bartonia, tenpetaled. 
A 1473 Begonia, two-coloured. 
■*• 1493 Boffiaea, procumbent. 
/ 1483 Cornflag, trichonema-Ieaved. 
a 1492 Cymbidium, hyacinthine. 
4. 1495 Eucomis, dwarf. 
y 1475 Evening-flower, hairy. 
IT 1403 Gnidia, fmooth-fcaled. 
^, 1461 Harebells, pink-coloured. 
<) 1498 Heart's-Eafe, Rouen. 

* 1464 Jatropha, fpicy. 

y 1496 Iris, copper-coloured. 

a 1497 Lachenalia, nerved-leaved. 

4* 1485 lafiopetalum, oak-leaved. 

<j> 1485 folanum-leaved. 

a 1499 Lobelia, looking-glafs. 

4. 1484 fingle-toothed. 

A 1501 ivlimulus, LangfdorfPs. 
a x 479 New.Jerfey Tea. 
^ 1491 Oncidium, two-leaved. 
^ 1469 Onion-Tree. 

♦ 1,178 Philadelphus, Carolina fcentlefs. 
Y 1402 Pitcairnia, entire-leaved. 

A 1477 Podolobium, holly-leaved. 

1 466 Rampion, horned. 
1500 Roxburghia, gloriofa-leaved. 

1467 Sea-Daffodil, broad fpcar-leaved. 
1472 Septas, globe- flowered. 
1494 Spurge, emetic. 

1468 Squil, root-iheathed, Cape. 
1482 Sparaxis, three-coloured. 

1488 Tacca, entire-leaved. 
1465 Toothwort, broad-leaved, or 

Pepper- root. 
X 1476 Trichonema, crimfon. [downy. 
1490 Uvularia, green - flowered, 

1489 red, fmall-flowered. 

Printed by S. Couchman, Thro^mortou-Street, London,