(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
See other formats

Full text of "Curtis's botanical magazine."


Botanical Magazine-, 

Flower-Garden Difplayed : 

The mod Ornamental Foreign Plants, cultivated in the 
Open Ground, the Green- Houfe, and the Stove, are 
accurately reprefented in their natural Colours. 


Their Names, Clafs, Order, Generic and Specific Characters, according 

to the celebrated Linn.eus ; their Places of Growth, 

and Times of Flowering: 




Intended for the Ufe of fuch Ladies, Gentlemen, and Gardeners, as 
wifh to become fcientifically acquainted with the Plants they cultivate. 



Fellow of the Linnean Society. 


The Flowers, which grace their native beds, 

Awhile put forth their blufhing heads, 

But, e'er the cloie of parting day, 

They wither, fhrink, and die away : 

But these, which mimic fkill hath made, 

Nor fcorched by funs, nor killed by fhadc, 

Shall blufh with lefs inconflant hue, 

Which art at pleafure can renew. Lloyd. 


Printed by Stephen Couchman, Throgmorton-Street. 

Publifhed by Sherwood, Neely, & Jones, 20, Patcrnafler-Row, 

And Sold by the principal Bookfellers in Great-Britain and Ireland. 



&&Jy*< C{2*r&s IKf/iret&irJbvJ, t#ft 

l/V« A 

C *5°2 ] 

Tritonia longiflora (/3. y.). Long- 
flowered Tritonia, 

Generic Cbaracler. — Vid. No. 1275, 

Obs. Omittitur notari in pradiSfo charaRere quod Jiamina Interdum 
rt£lo-trifaria. In Ixi a jilamenta ad pedum limbi ufque adnata^ in Tm- 
TONIA a fauce tubi Jemper libera. G. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

TRITONIA longiflora; (fios regularis;) foliis fubbinis gramineo- 

enfatis, nervofis ; caule faepius ramofo, terete, altiore ; 

fpica pluriflora, ere&a, parum divergente; fpathae valvis 

tubo floris pluries brevioribus, ifometris, exteriore integra 

rarius dentato-Hflili ; corolla macrius tubata, erecta ; tubo 

redo, fubclavato, triquetro, limbi radiis 4 — 5ies longiore ; 

limbo ereclo, ftellatim explanato, laciniis lineari-oblongis; 

ftaminibus trifariis, fafciculato-reftis ; antheris fauci inclufis, 

filamenta fubaequantibus ; ftylo aut ftaminibus aequaii vel 

longius citra faucem protenfo. G. 
(a.) corolla ochroleuca, externe rubefcens ; antherae atropur- 

pureae. G. 
TRITONIA longiflora. Nobis in Ann.of Bot.u 227. Hort. Kew. 

ed. 2. 1. 91. Nobis infra No. 1275, verfo folio in Spec. Enum. 

(exclufo De la Rocbe 9 Rochenfi apponendo.) 
I XI A longiflora. Hort. Kew. 1. 58. Lil. a Redout £, tab. 34. 

Curl.fupra No. 256; (exclufo paflim Gladiolo longifloro 

I'bunbergii et Ijnna:i filii.) 
GLADIOLUS longifloms. Jacq. Coll. Suppl. 23/ (unice vero quod 

ad plant am in pagina cake diclam j) tab. J- fig. 1. 
HEXAGLOTTIS. Ventenat. Decas nov. gen. b. 3. 
(|3.) corolla fulphurea; minor; tenuior. G. 
TRITONIA tenuiflora. Nob.fupra No. 1275, verf.fol.in Spec, 

IXI A tenuiflora. Vabl. Enum. 2. 66. ft. 36 ? 
I. longiflora. |3. JVilld, Sp. PI. 1, 203 j (excl. var. a.) 


GLADIOLUS longijlorus. Jttc%. Coll. Suppl. 24. Ie.rar, 2. 263. 

Vahl. Enum. 2. 111 ; (tantummodo quoad var. » ; exclufis De 

la Roche^ Tbunbergio, et Limixo jilw,) 
(y.) corolla ochroleuca concolor ; antherae flavefcentes partim 

de fauce prorninulae. G. 

In the enumeration of the fpecies of this genus, in No, 1275 
of this work, we have quoted D& la Roche's plant for a fyno- 
nym of the above fpecies; and feparated our prefent variety j3, 
as fpecifically diftmft, under the name of tenuiflora. On a 
review of the living plants, we think ourfelves wrong on both 
thefe points. The prelent detailed fpecific characters, in each 
of' their articles, will abundantly Ihew the djltinclions between 
hngifiora and Rochenfis, G. 


^w^jzw Jiajjrjtt 

C 1503 ] 

Tritonia Rochensis (a.) Bending- 


*H hMh|hMhMhMh|hM»-# M-** 

Generic Character. — Fid. No. 1275. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

TRITONIA Rochenfis : (flos regularis ;) foliis pluribus (4— 6), 
gramineo-enfatis, nervofis ; caule altiori, tereti, fubfira- 
plici vel paniculatim ramofo ; fpica pluri-multiflora, laxa, 
divaricata; fpatha brevi, valvis ifometris exteriore integral 
corolla recurvato-hypocrateriformi ; tubo clavato-gracili, 
tereti, ftriatulo, arcuate deflexo, fpatbam aliquoties exce- 
dente, limbi laciniis fefquilongiori ; fauce obfoletius dilata; 
limbo fubnutante, rotato, laciniis fubcuneato-ellipticis, 
concaviufculis, venofis, intimis fubanguftioribus, extimis 
nunc emarginatis ; ftaminibus trifariis fauce exclufis, citra 
medium limbum protenfis ; anthera filamentis aliquoties 
breviori ; ftigmatibus fupra antheras recurvatis. G. 

(*.} caulis fubfimplex ; limbus amplior. G. 

fj3.) caulis paniculato-ramofus ; limbus anguftior. G. 

IXIA paniculata ; caule paniculato, tubo floris longiflimo ar- 
cuato. De la Roche Ditf. PL Nov. 26. n. 14. tab. 1. 

I. lottgiflora ; polyftachia tubis corollarum longiflimis nutantibus. 
Berg. cap. 7. 

GLADIOLUS longiflorus. Think Ditf. n. 22. Prod. 8; (vix 
tamen Supplem. Linn, aut Syjl. Veg. Murr. qui potius Tri- 
toniam capenfem N'fuperioris 6\%.fpeclat.) 

SISYRINCHIUM africanum ramofum foliis nervofis, floribus 
longis, tubo donatis. Herm. Afr. 21. 

The nearly-allied fpecies longifiora, Rochenfis, capenfls, and 
pallida, are all natives of the Cape of Good Hope; have 
oblately rounded bulb-tubers, which fometimes produce others 
at the end of their roots ; and all flower nearly at the fame 
time. Pallida (fee above in the enumeration of the fpecies in the 


fecond page of No. 1275) differs from longiflora and Rochenjis^ in 
having a white corolla, a flriate tube, an irregular limb, the 
upper middle fegment being twice broader than the others, and 
anthers that are collaterally and not trifarioufly placed ; from 
capenjh (fee above, No. 618) in having the outer valve of the 
fpathes equal to the inner, and blunt and tridentate, while in 
that this is much longer than the inner, and (harp-pointed and 
entire. The Gladiolus longiflorus of the Supplementum of 
the younger Linnaus feems rather to belong to capenfs than 
either of the other three, the fpathe being defcribed as linear. 
The plant from which the drawing was made was imported by 
Melfrs. Lee and Kennedy, and bloomed in their collection 
at Hammerfmith in Auguft laft. G, 


JU£Sy. u' &t*& W«2*ri°s£l Ap% '.'#/ 

jr</c.n/*** y* 

C *5<34 ] 
Iris prisMatica. New-Jersey Iris. 

4MhMhW-* sNhNhNhNs- ♦♦♦♦ 

Generic Charatltr. — Vid. No. 1496. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

IRIS prifmatica; (imberbis ; fubbiflora ; rhizoma borizoniale ;) foliis 
paucis (fubtrinis), radicalibus, angufte lineari-enfatis, ner- 
vofo-ftriatis, uno caulem fimplicem teretem glabrum 
apbyllum enodem fubfuperante ; fpatha fubtrivalvi, valvis 
externis herbaceis, navicularibus, conduplicantibus (injimo 
nunc longijjimo in folium procrefcente), pedunculo triquetro ac 
quam germen prifmaticum pluries longiori duplo breviori- 
bus ; capfula oblongato-prifmatico utrinque anguftato, an- 
gulis fubalatim extenuatis j flos omnino virginicse (fupra No. 
703) minor tamen ac pallidior. G. 

IRIS pri/maiica, imberbis, caule folido tereti folia asquante, 
foliis anguftiflimis longis, capfulis elongato-prifmaticis 
utrinque acutis. Pmfch. MSS. 

Leaves, in tbe fpecimens we faw, from fix to eigbt incbes 
high, and little more than two lines in breadth ; /cape dotted 
over with purple. We are inclined to believe it to be a mere 
variety of virginica, a fpecies which we fometimes find varying 
with peduncles to the full as long as in the prefent plant; 
and fometimes with a ftem many times fhorter than the 
leaves, and quite fimple ; our figure (in No. 703) was taken 
from a large fpecimen, and in rather too early a ftage. 
We have however followed Mr. Pursch (by whom it was 
difcovered and lately introduced) in confidering it as fpecifically 
diftincl.. Found in North-America, growing in deep iwamps in 
New-Jerfey, near Egg-Harbour. 

Our drawing was made from a fpecimen which bloomed in 
July laft, at Meffrs. Lee and Kennedy's, Hammerfmith, at 
the fame time with two varieties of virginica ; which are alfo faid 
to be natives of the boggy parts of North-America. G, 

. I tJ04, 

"S&mdrfM JiAfrrS&fr *bfr»0lM**Mg. 

f$&» ' ■ 

[ 1505 ] 

Narthecium Americanum American- 

•ft ijt $ $ jfr # $ fr $ $ ♦ J j e $ igt j | r fr if f 

C/<3/$ a«i Order. 

Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Charatler. 

Cor. (erefta G.) nuda, infera, fexpetala (hexapetalo-partita G.) 
Filam. lanata. Cap/, trilocularis. Sem. arillo fubulato longitudine 
capfulas ejufque fundo infixa. IVahlenberg Flor. Lappon. 78. 
Cap/, (dimidiatim vclata G.j fupera, oblonga et valde acuminata 
(ftylo roftratim continuo praefixa G.), 3-loc: 3-valv:, difTepimenta 
valvis contraria a fe inviccm quod ad maximam partem libera ; 
marginibus internis incraffatis et inferne a diflepimento folutis 
atque in columnam mediam confluentibus. Receptaculum nullum ; 
femina (plurima erefta G.) in fundo finguli loculamenti (vel po- 
tius imbricatim columns intra fua loculamenta G.) affixa. Arillus 
linearis utrinque fubulatus, longitudine totius capfulas, extremi- 
tate inferiore in fundo capfulac affixa altera ad apicem capfulac 
pertingente, perfiftens, in medio femen fovens et maturitate e 
latere demittens. Semen oblongum. IVahlenberg he. cit. 

O B S . Herbas perennes ; radix fibro/a ; fol ia collaterali-dijlicha, gramineo- 
~en/ata ; caulis altior, /implex, JhlioJ 'us ; inflor. /picatim racemo/a, ereiia ,- 
pedicelli uni/ori, bibraclea/i, bradtea una in caule altera in pedicello /tta ,* 
cor. perfijlens, externe hcrbacea y patens ; flam, inclu/a, ereiia ? anth. 
eremite, iinesres, retrocurvanda ; {Wgmzfimpkx. G. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

NARTHECIUM americanum; racemo interdum interrupte 
fpicato, laxo; brattea una caulina pedicellum amplexante, 
altera inferne pedicellari (nee fuperne ac in o/Jifrago) paleaceo- 
fetacea ; lana filamentorum breviffima. G. 

Leaves in the fertile fafcide 7 — 8, ftiort, decreafing from 
lower fubradical ones to upper cauline ones that become mere 
bracles, in the Jlerile fa/cicle fewer, but much longer; fern round, 
ftrift, fimple, glaucous ; corolla pale yellow on the inner fide -, 
filamentous pubc/cence much fhorter than in the European offi/ragum 9 


to which however the plant bears the ftrongeft refemblancer 
throughout ; differing chiefly in being altogether (mailer, fome- 
what yellower in the leaf and ftem, in not having one of the braftes 
fuuated above the middle, but nearly at the bafe of the pedicle, 
in having a corolla of a much paler yellow colour ; and yellow 
inftead of vermilion-coloured anthers ; the interrupted or broken 
raceme is not a conftant charaBer, as we have learned from the 
spontaneous Specimens fhewn us by Mr. Pursh; by whom it 
was found in North-America, in boggy Situations, from Quebec 
to Lake Miftaffin ; plentifully at Quaker-Bridge, in New-Jerfey. 
The fpecimcn from which our drawing was made had been im- 
ported by Mr. Lyon, in i8n. 

In our fafciculus for the preceding month, we had given this 
plant for the Narthecium gluttnofum of Michaux. Info 
doing, we had entirely relied on the authority of Mr. Pursit, 
a learned, acute, and zealous Botanift, with whofe abilities the 
world is likely foon to become more fatisfaclorily acquainted, 
by a Flora of North-America^ which he has now in the prefs. 
He had fhewn the plant to Dr. Barton, a very eminent Ame- 
rican naturalift, the friend, and fometimes the companion of 
Michaux in botanical excurfions, and that gentleman had 
aflured him of its being the plant wf gave it for ; add-to this, 
that he had found it in abundance in the diftricls mentioned as 
the places of its abode by Michaux ; who, if this is not the 
plant, has omitted to record it at all. Yet when we were lately 
fhewn a fpontaneous American fpecimen in the Bankfian Her- 
barium, of a Tofielda (the Narthecium of Jussieu) 
which had been noted by Mr. Dryander, as the probable 
N. glutinofum ; we own the above authority loft all weight with 
us, and we regretted that we had been decided by collateral 
evidence, however ftrong, againft that contained in an author's 
defcription of his plant. The fpecimen, befides a more im- 
mediate coincidence as to genus, has the rough clammy fcape 
afcribed to his fpecies by Michaux ; a character which, as we 
obferved in our former account, was wanting in our plant, and 
which we now find to be equally wanting in the fpontaneous ones 
of Mr. Pursh. Confidering it as diftin6t from ojzfragum, we 
have afcribed to it the prefent name; the fpecies being un- 
noticed in any work known to us. We ought to obferve that 
Mr. Pursh, as well as ourfelves, have been always fully 
aware that the Narthecium intended by Michaux, was that of 
Jussieu, and not the prefent; and this we had from the firft 
dated as our chief fcruple, when we applied to Mr. Pursh; 
but he remained, and ilill does remain confident that he is right. 
He maybefo; but the evidence of Michaux himfelf would 
not now convince us, that our plant was that which he had in view 
when he inftituted his Narthecium glutinofum. G . 

C 1506 ] 

Calothamnus quadrifida. Four-cleft 

Oafs and Order. 


Generic Character* 

Staminum phalanges 4 — 5, petalis oppofita (aliquse nunc vel 
connate vel fteriles). Anther* bafi infertae, lineares. Cap/. 3- 
locularis, polyfperma, inclufa et connata calycis tubo incraffato 
bafi adnato (ramo). Brown. 

Specific Charatter. 

CALOTHAMNUS quadrifida; floribus quadrifidis, phalangi- 
bus 12 — i5andris, foliis glandulofo verrucofis : adultis 
fru&ibufque glabris. Brown in Hort. Kezv. v. 4. inedit. 

Calothamnus* is the name of a genus feparated from 
Melaleuca, by M. Labillardiere ; -which Mr. Brown 
has adopted, though without limiting it, as that author has done, to 
fuch fpecies as may have certain bundles of the ftamens fterile. 
The above generic character includes feveral fpecies, all of which 
are very fimilar in habit, and have their anthers attached to the fila- 
ments by the bafe, a circumftance that diftinguilhes them from the 
true Melaleucas, in all of which the anthers are incumbent, or 
attached to the filament at fome point between the two extremities. 
The fpike of flowers in the Calothamni always looks one way, 
and does not furround the item as in the Melaleuca. 

This fhrub is a native of the fouth-weft coaft of New-Holland, 
where it was found by Mr. Brown, on the expedition under 
Captain Flinders, and introduced by him into the royal 
garden at Kew, in the year 1803. 

Communicated to us from their richly-flocked nurfery 8t 
Stockwell-Common, by Meflrs. Malcolm and Sweet, to 
whom we feel much obliged by the readinefc they always fhow 
to aflift our botanical enquiries. Flowers in June and July. 
Requires the protection of a greenhoufe. 

* K*xif Sd.pi'Kf a beautiful fhrub. 



Jjrd.^eZurareZfiZteJ-. JLS.iy U" Cur&r 1P»/*»4&JWt.t*t*. J^San/lW- 

[ i5°7 ] 


» ♦ » ♦♦»♦» »MMMMM 

Clafs and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Charatler. 
Petala 5, foliolis calycinis alterna. Stigma fimplex. Bacca 
fupera, polyfperma. 

Specific Charatler and Synonym. 

BlLLARDIERA longiflora; corollis cylindricis, baccis fub- 

globofis torulofis glabris. 
BlLLARDIERA longiflora ; pedunculis folitariis, unifloris ; 

foliis laevibus ; petalis longiflimis margine introflexis. Labill. 

Nov. Holt. 1. p. 64. tab. 89. 

This is the third fpecies of Billardiera already figured 
in this work (vid. No. 801 and 1313); and is, in our opinion, 
the moft defirable of the three, being a freer grower, having 
foliage of a livelier green, and long pendulous flowers fucceeded 
by bright blue berries. 

The fruit of thefe plants appears to us to afford the bed fpe- 
cific characters; mfcandens the berries are oblong and downy ; 
in mutabilis nearly of the fame fhape and quite fmooth ; in 
longiflora altogether different, both in fhape and colour, being 
nearly globular, grooved, and, when ripe, of a fine violet-blue; 
in fuflformis, which we have not yet feen, tapering toward the 
point and downy. 

Thefe fhrubs are all of them climbers, but unfortunately the 
one which has exclufively the name olfcandens or climbing is the 
lead fo of any of them, frequently remaining a humble plant, 
and fhewing but little difpofition to twine ; whilft our prefent 
fpecies catches hold of every thing within its reach. We have 
here another example of the inconvenience of naming a newly 
difcovered plant from any quality it may chance to poffefs, how- 
ever excellent fuch names may be when all the fpecies of a genus 
are known, as this very property may be ftill more remarkable in 
fevcral other undifcovered fpecies. Native of Van Dicmcn's- 
Ifland. Plants raifed from feeds ripened in this country will 
moft probably be eafily naturalized to our climate. Introduced 
by Meffrs. Loddiges and Sons. Flowers from July to Auguft, 
and ripens its fruit in the latter month and September. Propagated 
by cuttings, and by feed. 

C 1508 ] 

Platylobium triangulare. Triangular- 
leaved Flat-Pea. 

I|$ $ $ ♦ t if 4 ♦ ♦ ♦ $ ♦ t # ♦ ♦ fr 


Generic Character. 

Cal bracleatus bilabiatus : labio fuperiore bifido, rotundato, 
maximo. Shim, omnia connexa. Legumen pedicellatum com- 
prefib-planum, dorfo alatum, polyfpermum. Brown in Hort. 
Kew. 4. p. 266. nondum edito. 

Specific Character. 

PLATYLOBIUM triangulares foliis deltoideis fubhaftatifvc : 
angulis fpinofis, pedunculis bafi apiceque brafteatis medio 
nudis, legumine calycem aliquoties fuperante. Brown "' 
Hort. Kew. ed. alt. v. 4. p. 266. 


The reparation of Bossi/EA from Platylobium has limited 
very much the number of fpecies of the latter. We know of 
only three that will now come under this genus, V.formofum, 
No. 469. P. parvifiorum, of which we intend foon to give a 
figure, and our prefent plant, which was not known to Dr. 
Smith when he publifhed his account of the genus in the ninth 
volume of the Tranfactions of the Linnean Society. 

The flowers of Platylobium triangulare are lefs brilliant 
than thofe oKformofum ; the back part of the vexillum being of a 
(late colour inftead of fine dark red ; on which account the buds 
are totally deftitute of that richnefs of colouring fo much ad* 
mired by Mr. Curtis in his account of the latter. 

Native of Van Diemen's I (land, from whence it was intro- 
duced into the Kew Garden, by Mr. Brown, in the year 1805. 
Flowers in June and July. Propagated by feeds, which rarely 
come to maturity in this country ; and not being eafily increafed 
in any other way? will probably never be very common. Out 
of Kew Garden we have not obferved it in any collection, ex- 
cept that of MefTrs. I.oddices and Sons in Hackney, by 
whom it was communicated to us. 




w*m^ - 


A*fr*a*&> itZ£-s, 

C *5°9 ] 

Aster liratus. Fluted-stemmed 

#♦$♦♦ ♦ ♦ $ ♦ ♦ ♦♦♦♦ ♦ ♦♦ 

Clafs and Order. 
Syngenesia Superflua. 

Generic Character. 

Recept. nudum. Pappus fimplex. Cor. radii plures 10, Calycis 
imbricati fquamas inferiores patulse. 

Specific Characler. 

ASTER liratus ; caule fruticofo lirato, foliis alternis petiolatis 
lanceolatis bullatis repando-dentatis fubtus tomentofis, 
floribus paniculatis, antheris exfertis. 

The Aster liratus is a native of New-Holland; grows erect 
with few branches, and bears its white flowers in panicles, fomc- 
times terminal and fometimes lateral. The Jlem and branches 
are grooved, naked at the lower part, but downy whilft young. 
The leaves grow on fhort peduncles, are lanceolate, veined, and 
the interlaces between the veins raifed on the upper furface and 
concave underneath, margin repand, {lightly indented and re- 
curved, which gives them the appearance of being more toothed 
than they really are, tomentofe on the under fide, fometimes 
white and fometimes ferruginous ; intenfely and durably bitter, 
when chewed, though the firft tafte is (lightly acid and acrid. 

Our drawing was made at Mr. Knight's exotic nurfery in 
the King's-Road, and we received fpeciraens of the fame from 
Mr. Loddiges. 

Flowers in June and July. May be propagated by cuttings. 
Requires to be kept in the greenhoufe during the winter. 


r a m £e?wa*&Z'*? 

J V ^<Swr£*& i £ w rf£#, 

[ i5"> ] 


♦♦♦f ♦♦$ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ft # 

Clafs and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. turbinatus, 5-fidus. Vet. 5, fomicata, flaminibus oppofita. 
Cap/, cocculis tribus, membrana operculatis. 

Specific CharaRer and Synonyms, 

POMADERRIS elliptica § foliis ovalibus fubtus tomentofis, 
floribus paniculatis fubumbellatis, calicibus laevibus. 

POMADERRIS elliptica,- foliis ovalibus fubtus tomentofis, 
florum capitulis fubumbellatis paniculatis. Labillard. Nov. 
Holl. 1. p. 61 • /. 86. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. v. 2. p. 23. 

CEANOTHUS difcolor. Ventenat Hort. Malmaif. 58., 

Descr. Stem fhrubby with upright ftiff branches. Leaves 
oval, more rounded at the bafe than at the point, quite entire, 
or fometimes a little undulated at the margin : petioles three or 
four times fhorter than the lamina, tomentofe and white under- 
neath, of a dufky green above. Stipules two, fubulate, inferted 
within the petiole, deciduous. Flowers in a fomewhat umbel- 
formed panicle, axillary, and terminal. Calyx top-fhaped, of a 
pale yellow colour, fmooth, border five-cleft, finally revolute. 
Corolla five-petaled ; petals clawed, concave, with a crifped 
margin. Stamens ereft, equalling the petals, dntbers oblong, 
incumbent. Germen half- inferior. Style deeply three-cleft. 
Stigmas capitate. The Fruit we have not feen. 

M. Ventenat, whofe plant we fee no room to doubt being 
the fame with ours, confiders it as belonging to Ceanothus, 
and does not fuppofe it to be the fame with Pomaderris 
fllipticaol Labielardiere. 


To which genus this fpecies really belongs, or whether there 
be fufficient grounds for feparating Pomaderris from Ceano- 
thus, not having had an opportunity of examining the fruit, we 
cannot take upon ourfelves to decide. 

Our defcription was taken from a plant fent us by Meflrs. 
Loddiges and Sons, in May 1811; the drawing from one 
at Mr. Whitley's Nurfery, Old-Brompton, fome years before. 
Native of Van Diemen's-Iiland. Introduced by Mr. Robert 
Brown, in the year 1805. 

Flowers raoft part of the fummer. Is confidered as a green- 
houfe fhrub, but in a fheltered lituation would probably bear 
our winters very well. 

[ *5« 1 

blgnonia uncata. hooked-tendrilled 


Clafs and Order. 


Generic Character. — Vide N m - 1398. 

Specific CharacJer and Synonyms. 

BlGNONIA uncata ; foliis conjugatis glaberrimis, cirrhis pe- 
tiolo longioribus apice trifidis aduncis, calycibus fpathacei$ 
fubbilabiatis aggregates. 

BlGNONIA uncata. Bot. Repof. 

CLEMATIS myrfmites, amplioribus foliis, americana tetra- 
phyllos. Pluk. Aim. 109. /. 163. /. 2. ? 

This is an evergreen hot-houfe fhrub ; the leaves vary much 
upon the fame plant, fome being ovate-acuminate, others lan- 
ceolate, fmooth on both fides, margin fomewhat undulated and 
recurved, oppofite, conjugate with a tendril between them, 
which, before it divides into three hooked claws, is longer than 
the footftalk of the leaflet. The large flowers are yellow 
when firft expanded, but when they begin to fade turn to a 
reddifh colour. Calyx fpathe-like, fplitting on one fide and 
fometimes becoming fomewhat bilabiate ; and therefore pro- 
bably belonging to the genus spathodea of Beauvois, but 
not having feen the fruit, from which only thefe plants can be 
naturally claffed, we rather leave it under Bignonia. 

Pluknet's figure without flowers probably belongs to this, 
as we judge from the length of the tendrils, which in Bignonia 
Unguis are much fhorter, and divided into three claws to the 

Native of the Weft-Indies, from whence it was introduced 
by Lord Seaforth. Our drawing was taken from a fine 
plant that flowered in the ftove of the Comteffe De Vanjdes, 
at Bayes-Water, in June laft. 


l D,l F t r m r,,„, 

[ 2 5i2 ] 

Satyrium carneum. Great-flowered 
Cape Satyrium. 

♦jffrifrfrfrM^ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ 

Oafs and Order. 
Gynandria Monogynia, 

Generic CharaHer. 

Cor. 5-pctala, ringens, petalis cum labello bafi coalitis, fupre- 
raum fornicatum poftice bicalcaratum. Anthera ftylo elongato 
fub ftigmate terminali adnata. 

Specific Character and Synonym, 

SATYRIUM carneum ; foliis orbiculatis nervofis, bracleis 
cucullatis apice coloratis corollis majoribus, galea magna 
carinata, labello petalis anguftiore. 

ORCHIS carnea ; bulbis indivifis, corollae galea bicalcarata, 
bracleis ereQis. Ait. Hort.Kew.ed. i. v. 3. p. 294. 

The genus Satyrium of Thunberg, adopted by Swartz 
and Willdenow, is limited to fuch of the orchide<£ as have 
two fpurs at the back of the flower, as in the Orchis bicomis 
of Linn/eus; all the Satyria of Linn^us are consequently 
referred to other genera. The fpecies recorded by Swart z 
are all natives of the Cape of Good Hope, and make a very 
natural and diftinctly marked genus ; but perhaps it would have 
been better to have applied a new name to it, rather than one 
which has been fo long given to plants having flowers whofe 
ftructure is different, even though the latter fhould be properly 
united to other genera. 

The Satyrium carneum is one of the mod fpecious of the 
family, forming a denfe fpike of a foot or more in length. The 
bottom leaves are orbicular, many-nerved, having the inter- 
faces filled up with a glandulous parenchyma ; upwards they 
become gradually more oblong with longer petioles applied dole 


to, but not embracing the ftem ; uppermoft, though diftinct. from, 
approach more to the nature of the brakes which embrace the 
ftem, are nerved and crofled with reticular veins, are of a paler 
colour than the leaves, and red at the tips and margins, efpe- 
cially the fuperior ones. The galea (labellum, according to 
Brown) is large, helmet-fhaped, with a projecting undulated 
and revolute point, keeled at the back, and having a double 
fpur, rather longer than, and applied clofely to, the germen ; the 
other five latinise are nearly alike lanceolate and keeled : the 
lower one (labellum of Swart z) being only a little longer, 
narrower, more flefhy and rigid than the reft. Germen incurved, 
not twilled, fix-ribbed from a continuation of the keels of the 
latinize. Style or columna incurved, cylindrical the length of 
the galea, with a bilabiate termination ; but the point of the 
upper lip appears to be the true ftigma, being the only part that 
fecretes a vil'cid fluid ; the lower lip is probably the termination 
of the filament, which otherwife adheres its whole length to the 
ftyle. Anthers, two membranous facs hanging pendulous from 
the bafe of the lower lip of the columna : each fac contains a 
two-lobed yellow pollen mafs, connected by an ereel and ex- 
ferted pedicle ; by thefe pedicles the pollen maffes may eafify 
be drawn out of the facs, and if applied to the real ftigma, but 
at no other part, adhere firmly thereto. 

Our drawing of this rare and beautiful plant was made at 
Mr. Griffin's, South-Lambeth, who imported it, amongft 
many other curious bulbs, from the Cape of Good-Hope. 

Flowers in Auguft and September. Requires to be prq- 
tected from froft. 



C 1513 J 

Jeffersonia diphylla. Barton's 



Generic Charatler. 

Col. 5- (raro 3 — 4) phyllus, coloratus, deciduus. Cor. 8-petala, 
incurvo patens. Stam. germen ambientia. Cap/, obovata, fub- 
ftipitata, l-locularis, infra apicem femicircumfcifle dehifcens. 
Sem, plura, oblonga, ad bafin arillata, dorfo capfulae affixa. 

Specific Name and Synonyms. 

JEFFERSONIA diphylla. Perfoon Syn. 1. p. 418. 

JEFFERSONIA binata. Barton in Tranf. Amer. Soc. 3. p. 342. 

JEFFERSONIA Bartonis. Michaux Fl. Bor.Amer. 1. p. 237. 

PODOPHYLLUM dipbyllum. Syjl.VegeUed. 14.^.489. mild. 
Sp. PL 2. p. 1141. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 3. p. 287. 

PODOPHYLLI vel NELUMBONIS fpecies foliis reni- 
formibus, in petiolis longiflimis erectis e radice immediate 
egreffis, binatim difpofitis, fubtus glaucis : fruclu magno 
coriaceo lutefcente unilocular!', per maturitatem ad apicem 
operculi inftar horizontaliter dehifcente : feminibus oblongis 
lucidis fpadiceis. Clayton, No. 854. Gronov. Fl. Virg. ^to.p. 81. 

Linnjeus, who never faw the flowers of this plant, hefitated 
whether he fhould unite it with Podophyllum or Sangui- 
naria. Michaux, Barton, and Wm.Bartram, were pro- 
bably the firfl: Botanifts who examined it whilft in flower ; and 
they all agreed in confidering it as a genus diftinct from, though 
nearly allied to, both thefe genera. Dr. Barton impofed on it 
the name of Jeffersonia, adopted by Michau x in his Flora 
of North-America, and by Persoon in his Synopfis. And as this 
feparation appears to us to be required by the Itruflure of the 
feed-vefiel, we can do no other than follow thefe authors; 


notwithftanding Lin nous's name has been retained in the 
Species Plantarum of Willdenow and the new edition of the 
Hortus Keweniis. If it were not to be confidered as a 
diftincl genus, it would furely unite better with Sancuinaria 
(No. 162 of this work) than with Podophyllum. 

The plant from which our drawing was taken, and which 
flowered in the collection of the importer, Mr. Lyons, in April 
laft, had nine petals and nine ftamens ; but from the obferva- 
tions of Barton and Michaux, eight is the ufual number. 
After the fall of the flower, in a rich foil and lhady fituation, 
the footftalks rife to a foot or more in height. It is a native 
of Virginia and Penfylvania, but not common in either {late. 


C 3514 3 

Iris spuria (s) desertorum. Sweet- 
scented Bastard Iris. 

Generic Characler. — TO. No. 1496. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms* 

IRIS Jpuria. Fid. Char, Spec, infra No. 1515. 

(*.) major. Corolla caerulefcens. G. 

IRIS Jpuria. Linn. Sp. PL ed. 2. 1. 58. Mill. Did. ed. 8. *. J 4. 

Tbunb. biff. n. 32. 7^<j- JF/or. ^#/?r. 1. 6. /*£. 4. Pallas. 

It. 2. 456. £for/. ifea>. 1. 72. o£ 2. 1. 115. Desfont. All. 1. 

38. jLzw. f/ Decand. FL Franc. 3. 239. #?//</. 6)). P/. 1. 

237. VahlEnum. 2. 140. Georgi befcbr. des rujf. Reichs v. 4, 

pars 3. 670. Marfcb. a Bieb. FL Tour. Cauc. 1. 32. X/7. a 

Redout ?, ta£. 349. 
IRIS Spuria- («.) Nobis Supra No. 1131 ,• /« ^y»o». tf «/« /i#//tf« 
I. halophih. Supra No. 875. 
I. Sp a lbulata. Lam. Encyc. 3. 300. 
I. maritima. Lam. Flor. Fraty. 3. 497. 
I. foliis anguftis prima Clufii. Hort. Eyjl. CEfl. ord. $.S°^ 4« 
I. anguftifolia major caerulea. Park. Par. tab. 185.^. 2. 
I. fylvefiris maritima narbonenfis. Lob. Ic. tab. 68. Ger. Emac, 

56. /. 3- 

I. teauifolia Michelfeldenfis fpontanea. Baith. Hijl. 2. 729. 

cum. 1c. 
(3 ) minor. Corolla purpureo-caerulefcens. G. 
IRIS Spuria. (Q.) Nobis fupra No. 1131 ,• in Synon. Hort. Kew. 

ed. 2. 1. 115. 
I. Spuria. Curtis Supra No. 58. Flor. Ban. tab. 734. 
I. anguftifolia purpurea marina. Park. Parad. 184. 
(y.) ochroleuca. major; corolla albido-lutefcens. G. 
IRIS Spuria, (y.) Nobis Supra No. 1131 ; in Synon. et calce textus. 
I. ochroleuca. Linn. Mant. 175. Syjl. Veg. ed. 13. 79 Tbunb. 

DiSf. n. 22. Trew. Ebret. 56. tab. 100. f/or/. Artr. 1. 72, 

ed. 2. 1. 115. Curtis Supra No. 6i. Lam. Encyc. 3, 301. 

#?//</. Sp PL 1. 233. /"ai>/. £»«ot. 2. 141. Xi/. # Redout ty 

tab. 350. 
I. orientalis. Mill, 1X8, ed, 8. ». 9. X<ffl/?. 103. /<z£. 154 


IRIS anguftifolia tripolitana. Park, Parad. tab. 185.^. i. 

I. tripolitana. Cluf. Hift. 227. 

(J 1 .) halophila. minor; corolla fulphureo-lutefcens. G. 

IRIS fpuria. ($) Nobis Jupra No. 1131. 

I, halophila. Pallas. It. 2. app. 99. et 3. app. 63. Tab. B. 13. 
fig. 2. Hort. Kew. 1. 72. «£ 2. 1. 115. IVilld Sp. PI. 1, 
233. Vahl Enum. 2. 141 (halophylla.) Georgi befchr. des 
tuff- Reichs v. 4. pars %. p. 6yi. Id. in nachlr. 256. 

I. ochrokuca. Marfch. a Bieb. Fl. Taur. Cauc. 1. 32. 

I. /tf^/tf. Pallas, he. cit. pars 2. lib. 2. 461. 

I. Guldenft<edtii, Lepech. in aft. petropol. 1781. 1. 292. tab. 8. 
G<?<?rg7 ^/^r </« ruff. Reicbs v. 4. /wrj 3. p. 670. 

(f.) defertorum. minor ; corollas lacinias imimae caeruleae, extims 
fulphureo-pallefcentes ; fpathae foliorumque vaginae pube 
breviffima (vix nifi taclui fenfili) pruinatae. G. 

IRIS fpuria. ($.) Nobis Jupra 1131 ; inSynon. et No. 1514. 

I. defertorum. Guldenjladt. Flor. Cauc. ined. apud Georgi. L cit. 672 
Herbar. Pallas, penes Dom. A. B. Lambert, exempt, hortens. 

I. anguftifolia purpurea verficolor. Park. Parad. 184. 4. t 

(£•) ftenogyna. minor ; corolla albefcens. G. 

IRlSyparaz. (£.) Nobis infra No. 1515. 

I. Jlenogyna. III. a Redout e 310 ; /« /<?#/#. 

I. G^r /m. (Lys de Gawler.) £<?i. in Icone. 

1. Guildanfiaditii (Guldenfl<edtii.) Donn Hort. Cant. ed.6. 17. 

For further account of the fpecies, fee the following article 
(No. 1515). The bloom of the prefent variety is exceedingly 
fragrant, a circumftance in which it differs from the others ; but 
the fame difagreeable and peculiar fmell is perceived on breaking 
or bruifing its foliage as in the reft. Said to be found in the 
fandy deferts of the oriental departments of the Ruffian empire 
where it grows on the fides of the larger rivers. 

The drawing was taken from a plant that flowered Iaft July m 
Mr. Middlemist's Nurfery, ShepherdVBufh. Hardy; °j 
eafy cultivation ; and feeds freely. The moil defirable of all 
the varieties known to us, on account of its very grateful 
fragrance. G. 

L 1 5^5 ] 

Iris spuria (£.) stenogyna. Cream- 
coloured Bastard-Iris. 

#4h|# *# WhM* ♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦■♦ % -#- 

Generic Charatler. — Vid. No. 1496. 

Specific Charatler and Synonym. 

IRISfpuria; (imberbis ; fubtriflora ; flliatura diflkho-enfata ; rhl- 
zoma horizontal *) foliis pluribus, anguftias lorato-attenuatis, 
caule deforraius fubtereti geniculatim flexuofo foliolis fpa- 
thaceis vaginato ac faepius ere6to-ramofo longioribus aut 
rarius fubbrevioribus ; fpatha plurivalvi, herbacea, ventri- 
cofius lanceolata, convoluto-conduplicante, tubum floris 
tranfeunte ; germine longius pedicellato, ovato-oblongo, 
fulcato-hexangulari, in collum caffum attenuate; corolla 
biformi ; tubo cyathiformi hexagono, tam germen quam 
limbus pluries breviori ; limbi laciniis ifometris, bafi mem- 
brana brevi connexis ; extimis rotato-divaricatis, fpathulato- 
oblongis, unguibus ellipticis concaviufculis intus plica lutca 
longitudinali rotundato-prominula velutino-pubefcente in- 
terfe6lis ac bafi utrinque intra marginem caruncula denti- 
formi filamentum includente ftipatis lamina fubovato- 
rotunda reflexa duplo longioribus ; intimis clavato-lanceo- 
latis, parum anguftioribus, erecliufculis, inferne convoluto- 
anguftatis; ftigmatibus refte fubtenfo ungui fubaequalibus, 
extimo labio bilobulato-excifo, intimi fegmentis recurve 
divergentibus. G. 

IRIS Jpuria. Vide fynonymiam generalem, fupra No. 1514. 

IRIS Jpuria; £; ftenogyna. Nob. fupra No. 1514. in Syn. 

IRIS jienogyna. Li/, a Redout e 310/ in textu. 

IRIS Garoleri. (Lys de Gazvler.) Eod. in Icone. 

I. Guildanjladitii (GuldenjUdtii). Dontt. Hort. Cant. cd. 6. 1 7. 

In the preceding article (No. 1514) wc have reduced to one 
as many plants as have afforded to others five didincl fpecies; 
leaving to each its former fpecific name, as a mark of its variety, 
along with the immediate fynonymy ; for the ufe of thofe who 


differ from us, and are competent to find fpecific diftinclions for 
each. They are all met with in various parts of the continent, 
from Denmark to Siberia, from the South of France to Mount 
Caucafus; near which mountain both the blue and yellow ones 
were difcovered by Mr. Marschal of Bieberitein, who fays 
they differ from each other in nothing but colour. They are 
likewise natives of the Coaft of Barbary. All are faid to affeci 
either maritime fituations, or fuch inland ones as are moid and 
have the foil impregnated with fait. Mr. Donn fpeaks of the 
prefent variety as a native of Germany ; but we do not know 
on what authority. Monf. Redoute is incorrefct in attributing 
to the corolla of this variety a tube any ways longer than in 
that of the others. By fpeaking of the enlarged part of this 
portion of the flower, we fee that he has taken the neck of the 
germen for a part of the tube. Our drawing was made from a fpe- 
cimen fent us by Mr. Donn from Cambridge, where it blooms 
in the Botanic garden about July. The flower is fcentlefs* 
For further obfervations on the fpecies, fee No. 1131. 


To the fynonyms already afcribed to Iris ruthemca in 
numbers 1123 and 1393, the following one may be added : 

IRIS verna. Georgi befchreib des rujf. Reicbs v. 4. pars 3.^.670. 
Nee tamen Linmei, quod videndum in textu N'- 1393. 

The above fpecific name having been erroneoufly applied to 
this plant, by the Ruffian naturaliit, whole work we have cited j 
may account for its having fo generally pafled for the Linnaean 
<uerna among our gardeners, to whom the feeds have been pro- 
bably at fome time tranfmitted from Ruffia under that name. 
Mr. Pursh thinks that he has met with ruthenica in 
America. It may be fo. But ftill that plant could not be the 
Linnsean 'verna ; which we have fhewn in No. 1393 either to 
be a fmaller variety of crifiata, or a plant much nearer allied tp 
that than to ruthenica, from which it differs eflentially. C7. 


*? J>~Z. t r vCa t *fr WaZnjgj)^ . 

C i5*e ] 


#♦♦♦♦$♦ ♦ #»♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ 

Generic Characler. — £?i. Afo. 1208. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms, 

GALAXIA ovata. Vide char. fpec. fupra No. 1208. 

(a.) major lutea. G. 

GALAXIA ovata. Nobis fupra tab. 1208. 

GALAXIA grandiflora. Bot. Rep. tab. 164. 

GALAXIA ciliata. Perfoon Syn. 1.41. 

(0.) minor lutea. G. 

GALAXIA ovata. Thunb. Nov. Gen. PI. 2. 51. cum ic. Cavan. 

Dif.6. 341. /. 189. fig. 2. Jacq. Ic. Rar. tab. 291. Bot, 

Rep. tab. 94. Lit. a Redout £. tab. 246. 
(y.) minor purpurea. G. Jacq. Ic. tab. cit. 

For an account of the fpecies fee above No. 1208. The 
drawing of the prefent variety was made from a plant imported 
from the Cape of Good Hope, by Mr. Griffin, in whofe 
confervatory at South- Lambeth it flowered lad fummer. G. 

No. 1208. I.7, abimapag./re « longifoliam" Itgt " longifloram.' 




C '517 3 

Lacehnalia racemosa. Starch- 


♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦$♦*$*<*♦♦$$ 

Generic CharacJer. — VideN :s - 745, 854, 993. 

Specific Chamber and Synonyms. 

LACHENALIA racemqfa ; (flos medi<e magmludinis *) foliis 
trinis, lorato-lanceolatis, in feme vaginantibus, a fupino 
puftulatis, fcapo brcvioribus ; racemo numerofo, laxo, 
ere&o ; braQeola pedicellis pluries breviore ; pcdicellis 
ereclis, filiformi-complanatis, flori fubsequalibus longiori- 
bufve; corolla nutante, curtim cylindrico-campanata, imo 
gibbofa; laciniisextimisparabolicis, fub tertiam brevioribus, 
dorfo proxime infra apicem callo notatis ; internis patulis, 
fpathulato-ligulatis, planis, binis fummis recurvo-divaricatis 
apice rotundatis faepius denticulatis, infima convoluto-con- 
cava protenfiore ; ftaminibus imo corollae fundo infixis, 
iacinias internas aequantibus, declinatis ; antlieris incum- 
bentibus, fagittato-ovatis ; germine fubulato-trilobo, eliip- 
tico; ftylo Iacinias cxtimas aequante, triquetro-fctaceo, cur- 
vulo, cufpide ftigmatofa fimpliciflima. G. 

Approaches very near to the pujlulata of No. 817 of this 
work, but has three leaves inftead of two, and which are fhorter 
than the fcape, as well as of a broader lanceolate fhape than in 
that; the corolla is of clear white, and has a ftrong Icent, pre- 
cifely refembling that of the Starch-Hyacinth (Muscari 
r acemofum) ; but in pujlulata has no Icent, and is of an opaque 
greenifh white colour ; here the pedicles are as long or longer 
than the flower, in that nearly four times (horter; here the ouier 
j e gments of the corolla are a full third fiiorter than the inner, 
! n lnat fcarcely a fourth ; here alfo the lowermoft inner fegment 
js remarkably narrowed ; and the flyle fcems to be generally 
shorter than in that ; but this lad is a very uncertain character, 
° r rather none at all. A native of the Cape of Good Hope, 
rom whence it has been lately imported, by the honourable 
/•Herbert, with whom it flowered laft May, in his collec- 
tion at Mitcham. (7, 


S y J m £Jin»nfrZ)il. TjriUSr r Jt.,„ ft r mmt \tm J^fy/bmsS" 

[ iji8 j 


~& % %- %■ % JJHfHfl $ #$$$ ■ $# $ & $ $ 

CA?/5 ##i Order, 


Generic Chamber. 

Cal. 5-fidus (nunc 5-dentatus). Cor. tubo cylindrico : limbo 
5-partito, patenti laciniis fubaequalibus. Stam. juxta faucem 
inferta, adfcendentia. Bacca pyrenis 4 monofpermis. Brown. 

Specific CharaSfer and Synonyms. 

CLERODENDRUM tomentofum ; foliis ellipticisacutis imegris 
calycibufque tomentofis, corymbis congeftis. Brown Prod. 
Nov. Holl. 1. p. 510. Hori. Kew. ed. alt. v. 4. p. 64. inedit, 

CLERODENDRUM tomentofum. Boi. Repof. 597. 

VOLKAMERIA tomentofa. Vent. Malm. 84. * 

Descr. Stem fhrubby, erect, with us feldom exceeding two 
or three feet in height. Leaves oppofite, petiolated, oblong- 
ovate, lor the moft part quite entire, but occafionally jagged 
with here and there an irregular tooth, covered with a foft 
down on both fides, thicker on the under, net-veined, margin 
callous. Inflorejcence in oppofite fiibtrichotomous cymes. Bracles 
frnall, rounded, foon falling off. Calyx inferior, campanulate, 
with a five-cleft, hollowed, acute border. Corolla white : title 
long, flender: limb five-cleft: hcini* ovate, entire, foon revolute : 
Stamens 4, didynamous : filaments longer than the corolla, in- 
ferted above the middle of the tube, at firft ftraight, but foon 
rolled back all one way : anthers didymous, ered-incumbent. 
Germen orbicular, four-knobbed at the point : ovula 4. Style 
longer than ftamens ; Jligma acute, bifid. It feldom matures its 
^uit with us ; but when it does, the calyx enlarges, becomes 
"efhy, and coloured. The whole plant, not excepting the 
corolla, is covered with a foft pubefcence. 


Ventenat's figure in the Jardin de Malmaifon feems to 
have been taken from a weakly flowering plant. Mr. Brown 
has even exprefled a doubt whether it be the fame fpecies, on 
account of there being others fo nearly related, as not to be 
very eafily diftinguifhed. 

Native of New-Holland, growing about Port- Jackfon, alfo 
within the tropics. Requires the fhelter of a good greenhoufe. 
Flowers readily, even when very fmall, as may be feen by our 
figure, which reprefents the whole' fhrub it was taken from. 

Blooms in March and April. Introduced in 1794 by Sir 
Joseph Banks. Communicated by Meflrs. JLoddiges and 


*** Hd SyxS&dis Wa/^crti jr a „ , fff , 3 JVfrrfm. S» 

C W9 1 

♦ ♦ ♦ ft ♦ fr ♦ fr ♦ ' ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦♦$ ♦ t 

Oafs and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. 5-petala. Neclaria 5, fupra germen. Cap/. 3, f. 5, coalitac, 
Scmim calyptrata. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

DlOSMA Jragrans : foliis ovatooblongis glandulofis fparfis, 
pedunculis glutinofis aggregatis fubterminalibus foliis bis 
longioribus, petalis emarginatis. 

Descr. Shrub two or three feet high, with ereft twiggy 
branches. Leaves fcattered, oblong, obtufe, with a cartilaginous 
niucro, glandular denticulate margin, fmooth, deep green on 
the upper furface, glaucous underneath, with two irregular rows 
°f glandular dots, petiole very fhort, inferted into a ftipular 
abutment. Flowers aggregate, terminal, but having a young (hoot 
frequently extending beyond them, fhewy, rofe-coloured. 
Peduncles two or three times longer than the leaves, crimfon, 
clammy, having two fmall fubulate bracks near the bafe. Calyx 
covered with glands : Jegments patent, obtufe. Petals obfoletcly 
crenulate, emarginate. Neclaries or barren filaments longer than 
the fertile ones, and both crowned with a crimfon gland. The 
whole plant is very aromatic, without any admixture of the 
foxy lmell fo offenfive in feveral fpecies ; and is otherwife one 
°f the mod defirable of the whole genus. 

Native of the Cape of Good Hope. Flowers in May, June, 
and July. Propagated by cuttings. Firft railed from leeds 
Jent by Mr. Nevin, Collector to George Hibbert, Efq. 
oy Mr. Knight, now of the Exotic Nurfcry, KingVRoad, 
**ittle Chelfea ; by whom it was communicated to us. 



Pui.3 r .Sgurfrr Wa2*r a r#Lr m f ,, 

C !520 ] 


♦fli ♦ »» » i j t » jtf » » frj |i » » j » 3 


Generic Character. 

Cal. brafteatus, bilabiatus : labio Juperiore bifido, rotundato, 
niaximo. Stamina omnia connexa. Legumen pedicellatum, 
compreflb-planum, dorfo alatum, polyfpermum. Brown. 

Specific Qjarafter and Synonyms. 

PLATYLOBIUM parviflorum ; foliis lanceolato-ovatis, ger- 
mine ciliato glabriufculo, brafleis glabris, pedicello legu- 
minis calycem fuperante. Brown Mff. Hort.Kew. ed, alU 4. 
/>. 266. 

PLATYLOBJUM parviflorum; foliis lanceolato-ovatis gcr- 
mine glabro. Smith Nov. Holl. 1. p. 18. et Tranf. Linn, 
Soc. v. 9. p. 302. Willd. Sp. PL 3. p. 302. 

Dr. Smith, in the ninth volume of the Tranfaclions of the 
Linnean Society, informs us, that this fpecies of Platylobium 
flowered at MefTrs. Grimwood's, at Kenfington, in 1799; 
and our drawing, which was executed about that time, was 
probably taken from the very plant alluded to. Being pofleffed 
°i fomewhat lefs beauty than the formofum, it was, perhaps, not 
jo carefully attended to, and feems to have been foon loft. It 
J? a s only been within thefe two years that we have again ob- 
served it in our gardens, and it is at prefent far from being 

We have now given the whole of the fpecies of Platylo- 
8ium recorded in the new edition of the Hortus Kewcnfis, 


viz. fomofum (No. 469.), Iriangukre (No. 1508.), and the prefent 
plant : all the others referred to this genus belong to Be ..ia, 
which is diftinguifhed from Platylobium by the legumen 
being nearly equally thickened at both margins ; and by the 
want of the very large rounded divifions of the upper lip of the 
calyx, and of the bracies at its bafe. The character mentioned 
by Dr. Smith of the legumen of Bossi^a being divided into 
many cells, is unfortunately found not to be conftant. 

Native of New South- Wales. Requires the proteBion of a 
greenhoufe. Propagated by feeds, which muft be procured 
from New-Holland, as it rarely, if ever, ripens any in this 
country, and is not eafily increafed by cuttings. Introduced 
by Sir Joseph Banks, in 1792. 


J^i+S iyj? /Turks Walwti 'Sons tB/O- 


C 2 52i ] 

Pyrethrum indicum. East-Indian 

+ $ $ $ $ $ i js^HMH fe j> ♦#*♦♦♦♦ 

Clafs and Order. 
Syngenesia Superflua. 

Generic CharaEler. 

Receptaculum nudum. Pappus marginatus. Cal. hemifphsericus, 
imbricatus, fquamis margine fcarioiis. 

Specific Qiaracler and Synonym, 

PYRETHRUM indicum ,- foliis pinnatifidis : pinnis incifo- 
dentatis, pedunculis longis fubnudis unifloris, fquamis ca- 
lycinis obtufis, feminibus tetragonis. 

PYRETHRUM indicum. Roxb. MJf. No. 2090. 

Descr. Root annual. StemereEt, 1 — 2 feet high, branched, 
rounded, glaucous : tranches alternate. Leaves alternate, pin- 
natifid with the fegments irregularly incifed: teeth generally 
°btu{e, fometimes (lightly acute, paler underneath. Flowers 
folitary, terminal on long, rounded, fmooth peduncles. Calyx 
hemifphaerical : fcalcs imbricate with a fcariofe margin, obtufe. 
Florets of the difk yellow, five-toothed ; of the ray mott generally 
wanting, when prefent fiiort, three-toothed, bright yellow. 
&eds four-fided, incurved, marginated. Receptacle convex, 
naked, dotted. 

Having neglected to make any memoranda at the time, our 
aefcription is in great meafure borrowed from Dr. Roxburgh'* 
manufcripts and fine drawing of the plant in the library at the 

Native of the Eaft-Indie?, cultivated by Dr. Roxburgh in 
tn e botanic garden at Calcutta, by whom feeds were fent to 
Aylmer Bourkf. Lambert, Efq. Our drawing was made 
jrom 1 a plant communicated by the Comtefle de Vandes, from 
" c r fine collection at Bayes-Watcr. Flowers in June. 



C 1522 ] 

Agave lurida (*.) Broad-leaved Vera 
Cruz Agave. 

Generic Character. — Videfupra No. 1157, 

Specific CharaFler and Synonyms, 

AGAVE lurida; (fubcaudefcens : ) foliis glaucis dentato-fpinofis ; 
caule paniculato ; racemulis laxe fafciculatis ; corolla ho- 
rizontal^ limbo turbinato-patulo, laciniis ovato-lanceolatis; 
germine cylindraceo corollam sequante, prope bafin con- 
ftri&iore; ftaminibus ftylcque dimidio magifve exfertis; 
ftigmate capitato-trilobo, antheras tranfeunte.- G. 

AGAVE lurida. Hort. Kew. 1. 472. ed. a. 2. 302. Willd. Sp. 
PL 2. 193 ,- (exclufo inultimis duobus Jacquino.) Mart. Mill. 
DiEi. n. 4. 

AGAVE Vera Cruz. Mill. ed. 8. n. 7. 

ALOE americana ex vera cruce foliis latioribus glaucis. Hsrl. 
Beaumont, p. 4 > (nee ut Millero perperam H. L.) 

ALOE americana foboiifera. Herm. Hort. Lugd. 16. tab. 17. ? 
(minus refte a Willdenovio ad viviparam allegata.) 

(3-) foliis anguftioribus. 

AGAVE rigida. Mill. Did. ed. 8. n. 8. 

ALOE americana ex vera cruce foliis anguftioribus minus 
glaucis. Hort. Beaum. p. 4. 

The fpecies firft received the title of Vera Cruz from Miller, 
m the eighth edition of his Dictionary, and was afterwards 
adopted into the Hortus Kewenfis by that of bifida, together 
with the rigida of the fame, as its variety. But fo (lender and 
obfeure is the information in either of thefe works on this head, 
that we are left to tradition to come at what plant was intended 
°Y them. Our drawing was taken from a part of a fpecimen 
that bloomed the fummer before lafl in the Kew Gardens, in 
which the prefent fuperintendant, Mr. A 1 ton, tells us it had 
always been confidered as their lurida ; and it is but fair to give 
hl m credit for knowing well the plants which he had become 


acquainted with while under the care of his father, whom he fuc- 
ceeded in office. His father is allowed to have been very exafrly 
acquainted with the plants of Miller, his cotemporary and 
inftruftor ; and the refult of that acquaintance we obtain in the 
place we have cited from the firft edition of the catalogue of 
thofe gardens, to which work his name is prefixed. Here we muft 
Teft the claims of our plant to fpecific identity with the original 
lurida. In the fecond edition of the Hortus Kewenfis, the 
character of " ftylo filamentis breviore" has been added fince 
the publication of the firft. This has been done under the 
impreflion that it was the fame with the lurida of Jacquin, 
which had appeared meanwhile; but its being fo, upon a 
comparifon of the figures that have been given of each, appears 
to us impoffible. In that the inflorefcence is clofe and afcending, 
the corolla nearly upright and twice final ler, the fegments linear- 
ligulate or narrow oblong, blunt, tubularly connivent, ending 
incurvedly, twice longer than the germen, and the ftyle con- 
siderably fhorter than the ftamens, which are alfo far divergent. 
Jacquxn fays, that his fpecies was known in the continental 
gardens by the appellation of the Vera Cruz Aloe ,• and we fufpeft 
that this circumftance decided with him its being the Kew lurida. 
His plant feems to us to approach nearer to americana than ours, 
which is nearer akin to the Fourcrgeje. We did not fee the 
plant while in bloom, nor any part of the fpecimen from which 
the drawing was made ; and can only learn from thofe that did, 
that the flower-ftem was about twelve feet high, and that the 
plant altogether made a very fine appearance. A native of 
South-America. Requires to be kept in the dry ftove. L& e 
its larger congeners, rarely known to bloflbm in our collections. 


; /- I 

C l 5*3 ] 


lkaved Scarlet HvEmanthus. 

Generic Characler. — Vide N !s - 1315 et 1075. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

H^MANTHUS quadrivalvis g (folia fores pofvenienlia $) bulbo 
bifariam fquamofo, fquarrofo-laxato, fquamis late laminofis 
craffis truncatis, rhizomate fibris craifis radicato ; foliis binis 
divaricato-bifariis, lorato-fublanceolatis, acutis, planis, ftri- 
atis, ciliatis, a fupino hirfutius villofis, a prono glabris nitidis, 
fcapocomprefl'oglabro longioribusj fpatha colorata, quadri- 
valvi, campanatim connivente, umbellam multi- (20) floram 
coarftato-faftigiatam tranfeunte,valvisovato-lanceolatis,apice 
recurvulis; floribus breviter pedicellatis ramentis braclea- 
ceis lincaribus ifometris intermiflis ; corolla infundibuli- 
formi j tubo brevi fauce fexgibba ampliori continuato ; 
limbo illis fimul longiori, turbinato connivente, laciniis 
linearibus concavis obtufis ; ftaminibus illas paulifper 
tranfeuntibus; antheris oblongis, incumbentibus ; germine 
fubrotundato-trigono, viridi, nitido ; flylo fetaceo, ereclo, 
ftaminibus altiori; ftigmatibus trinis, brevibus, acutis, 
replicatis. G. 

H/EMANTHUS quadrivalvis. Jacq. Hort. Schoenb. 1. 30. tab. 
58. IVilld. Sp. PL 2. 26. Hort. Kew. ed. 2. 2. 208. 

Desc. Bulb comprefled-ovate, fquarofely truncate, fibres 
flefliy, of the thicknefs of a large quill ; leaves 6 — 9 inches long, 
Jpore than an inch broad, deep green, hairs inclining upwards, 
Sometimes irregularly fpotted and blotched with deep crimfon 
marks towards the lower part, as is the fcape, but not fo brightly ; 
fpatbe fcarlet; tube of the corolla whitifh ; limb fcarlet ; anthers 
yellow. Introduced by Mr. Masson into Kew Gardens from 
jne Cape of Good Hope, in 1774. Our drawing was made 
ron) a plant that bloomed in Mr. Griffin's confervatory at 
kouth-Lambetb, in Oaober laft, and which had been lately 


imported by that gentleman from the Cape, together with feveral 
other rare and beautiful fpecies of the fame genus. Requires to 
be kept in a greenhoufe, the bulb to be but little watered, and 
fuffered to dry when the leaves are decayed. G. 



Since publishing the above article, we have found that the 
fpecies varies with leaves wholly pubefcent, when it is the 
H. pubefcens ; and with the fame partially fo, when it is the 
H. albiflos. The very fpecimen, from which our figure was 
taken about four years ago, had the foliage this year entirely 
covered with pubefcence, although when we faw it at that period, 
the fame was merely villofely fringed at the margin, while the 
remainder of the furface was naked, with perhaps a few folitary 
itraggling villi on either furface. So that the following altera- 
tions in that article ihould be made for the purpofe of uniting 
them as a fpecies. Inftead of the title as it now Hands in 
No. 1239, read 



Arranging the fynonymy as follows : 

(«.) foliis undequaque villous. G. 

HjEMANTHUS pubefcens. Hort. Kew. i. 404. ed. 2. 2. 208. 
Linn. Suppl. 193. Tbunb. Prod. 59. Willd. Sp. PL 2. 26. 
Exemplar arcbetypum ex Hort. rcg. Kewenf. in Herbar. Bad/. 

fj3.) foliis fubnudis villofo-ciliatis. G. 

H^MANTHUS albiflos. J 'acq Hort. Schoenb. 1. 31. tab- 59' 
Willd. Sp. PL 2. 27. Hort. Kern. ed. a. a. ao8. Nttis fnf>rfi_ 
No. 1239. Exemplar ex Hort. reg. Kew. in Herb. Bank/. »# 
villi nonnulli vagi in difcofolii curate fcrutanti obviijunt. 

The bloom in both varieties is white. We faw at Mr. 
Griffin's a confiderably larger and more robuft fpecimen 
than the one from which our above-cited figure was taken. G. 


No. 1505. vers. fol. I.27, pro "Tofielda" lege "Tofieldia." 

i &f 

■;,A- (U'»^./«*/./^. 

C *5H ] 

Allium striatum. Streak-leaved 

Gensrk Character. — Fid. No. 1420. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

ALLIUM Jiriatum ; (bulbus ovatus ,• flos e majoribus ;) foliis plu- 
ribus, angufle loratis, convoluto-concaviufculis, obtufulis, 
dorfo ftriatulis, fcapum teretem fubtriangulofe compreffum 
nudum fubaequantibus ; fpaths valvis binis ovato-lanceo- 
latis fcariofis umbella pluriflora laxe faftigiata fere triplo 
brevioribus; corolla hexapetalo-partita, explanato-patente, 
pedicellis ter fere breviore; laciniis oblongo-lanceolatis ; 
filamentis paulo brevioribus, inter fe ifometris, alternis 
tereti-fubulatis, extern cpTiprefib-fubulatis ; antheris ovato- 
fagittatis, incumbentibus ; gefminc ©kovato, tritorofo ; ftylo 
bis longiore, triquetro-fetaceo. G. 

ALLIUM Jiriatum. Jacq ic. rar. 2. 366. Coll. 5. 51. WUId. Sp. 
PL 2. 77. Nobis fupra No. 1035. && a fodoute, tab. 50 ; 
(exclufa in textu var. j3, ad gracile toto ccelo dijiinilum referenda.) 
Hort. Kew. ed. 2. 2. 237. 

A. omithogaloides. Walt. Carol. 1 2 1 ? Gmel. Syjl. Veg. 7. 544 ? 
hie reclius forte ac gracili adducendumf 

ORNITHOGALUM bivalve. Linn. Sp. PI. ed. 1. 1. 306. 
Reponitur exemplar inter A l l i a Herbarii Bankfiani e fanint 
virginico-americano ortum. 

O. floribus umbellatis, fpatha bivalvi. Gron. Virgin, ed. 2. 51. 

The former drawing of this fpecies having been made from a 
far lefs perfect fpecimen, than that from which the one now 
given has been taken, we have thought it ufeful to offer it in the 
prefent fhape. We had already, in a note added to the article 
of No. 1324, amended the fynonymy, and corrected the error 
we, as well as others, had been led into by Jacquin, in regard 
to the fpontaneous abode, which is Virginia and not the Cape of 
Good Hope. We have met with it in feveral of the gardens in 
the neighbourhood of London, where it has been treated as an 
out-doors plant, and feems to be perfectly hardy. We refer to 
the note in No. 1324, and to the article in No. 1035, f° r further 
account of the fpecies. G. 



The fynonymy of Allium gracili (inodorum, N- 1129}, 
which we had fince the adoption of that fpecific name altered in 
the note fubjoined to the article in No. 1293, may be further 
amended as follows : 

(*) Planta caldario hofpitata. G. 

ALLIUM gracile. DryanderinHori. Kew, 1.429. ed. 2. 2. 239. 

Willd. Sp. PL 2. 83. Bot. Repof. tab. 107. Nobis Jupa 

No. 1293, in not a ; (excl. Linn. Grot. Walt, et Gmel.) Exemp- 
lar archetypum in Herb. Bank/. 
A. Jiriatum. |3 ,• Lit. a Redout 2 in lextufoUi 50 ; (txcl. var, s 5 qn<c 

ftriatum prefentis Numeri.) 
(*.'*) p\ an ta fub Dio vegeta. G. 
ALLIUM fragrans. Ventenat* Malm. 26. tab. 26. Lil. a R:doute, 

2. tab. 68. Du Petit-Tbouars in nonv. bullet, p^ihn^t. 1. 198. 

Sept. 1808. n. 12. 
A. inodorum. Nobis fupra No. 1129; (excl. Michrux;) it. No. u4 2 « 

vers.fol. in add. (exel. Linn. Walt, et Gmel.) hort. Kezv. cL 

2.2.237. f 

A. inodorum. SolanderiuHort. Rew. 1. 427^ Willd. Sp.Pl. 2. 70 r 

Exemplar archetypum in Herb. Bam/. ,- fid coritreclaiione et ve- 

inflate defeclum. 
In the note to the article in No. 1293, we had already as- 
certained to our conviction the fpecific identity of our hardy 
inodorum with the fuppofed tender gracile. Since then we have 
obtained (from the very {love which afforded the fpecimens from 
which the fpecies was originally inftituted, as well as that from 
which the figure in the Botanift's Repofitory was taken) one of 
its bulbs, which we planted in the open ground, where it 
flourifhed and feeded, lofing the drawn pale appearance it had 
when cultivated in the hot-houfe, and acquiring that of the fpe- 
cimen given in our figure. We have feen it in other collections 
where this circumflance was known, particularly at Mr. Vere's, 
whofe intelligent gardener, Mr. Anderson, was well aware 
of the fpecific identity of the two plants ; with him it increafes \o 
fail; as to require keeping within bounds in the open ground. 
Said by M. Du Petit-Thouars to have been accidentally 
carried into the Ifle of France, where it has become domefti- 
cated, and increafed fo rapidly as to be a nuifance to the 
ifland. The above naturalift has obferved, that each fe ed 
contains 3 — 4 embryos, all of which growing into fcparaw 
plants, tend of courfe to increafe the rapidity of its multipli- 
cation. We take it for granted, that he is right as to the 
identity of the fpecies, fince he gives it as the A. fragrans or 
Ventenat, certainly our plant. He throws no light on the 
queftion as to its aboriginal abode. G. 

[ W5 ] 


♦♦ ♦ ♦ ♦♦♦*♦♦»♦♦♦ ♦ ■ ♦♦♦♦ 

Clqfs and Order, 


Generic Character. 

Cal. 4 — 5-phyllus, inferus. Petala plurima germine fub 
ftaminibus inferta. Bacca mukilocularis, polyfperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms* 

NYMPH j£ A pygmaa; foliis cordatis integerrimis, ftigmatc 
7 — 8-radiato. HorL Kew. ed. alt. 3. p. 293. 

CASTALIA pygmaa. Salijb. Paradif. 68. 

NYMPHiEA "tetragona. Georgia Reife im Ruff. Reich, v, I. 
p. 220. 

NYMPHS A foliis cordatis integerrimis, calyce quadrifido. 
Gmel. Sib. 4. p. 183. /. 71. quoad iconem, male, ni fallimur, 
in Horto Kewenfi ad noftram N. nitidam (1359) relatam. 

Nymph a a pygmaa was certainly brought to this country from 
China, where, on the authority of Mr. William Ker, it is in- 
digenous; yet, upon comparing it with Pallas's own fpecimens, 
now in the pofleflion of A. B. Lambert, Efq. it appears to us 
to be decidedly the fame as his tetragonantbos, the tetragona 01 
M. Georgi, above quoted. Native of Eaftern Siberia; and," 
we miftake not, the figure in Gmelin's Flora Sibirica rather 
belongs to this than to our nitida, to which- it is referred in the 
new edition of Hortus Kewenfis. The charaBer of the finking 
of the veins on the under, as well as upper, fide of the leaf is 
common to both thefe fpecies. 

The name of tetragona was given to the Siberian plant, from the 
receptacle being exaclly fquare, which gives in fome degree the 
fame form to the bafe of the flower. We did not advert to this 
circumftance when we had the living plant before us, but, from 
the drawing, it appears to have been the fame in ours; and Mr* 
Salisbury, in defcribing this part, fays it is (lightly quadran- 

Treated as a ftove plant, bloiToms freely, not always at the 
fame feafon. Our fpecirncn flowered in the elegant collection 
of Mr. Kent, at Clapton, in Auguft laft, and it was in bloom 
about the fame time in the royal gardens at Kew. 



C 1526 ] 

Pterospermum suberifolium. Cork- 
leaved Pterospermum. 

$###♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ #-♦■ JhM* 


Generic Character. 

Gz/. fimplex, 5-partitus. Cor. 5-petala. Stain, 20, quorum 
5 fterilia. Q/>/~. lignofa, 5-locularis. Sem. alata. 

Specific Character and Synonyms, 

PTEROSPERMUM Juberifolium ; foliis oblongis acuminatis 

apice fubdentatis. fVtlUL Sp. PL 3. p. 728. 
PENT A PETES fuberifolia ; foliis ovatis repandis. Sp. PL 959,. 

Amoen. Acad. 1. />. 407. Mart. Mill. Diet, n. 1. 
PENTAPETES fuberifolia; foliis oblongis repandis apice 

finuatis acuminatis fubtus incanis. Cavan, Dijf. 3. p. 130. 

*• 43- / 2. 
PTEROSPERMADENDRUM fuberis folio angulofo fubtus 

incanQ, floribus albis. Ammann Comm. Petrop. 8. p. 215. 

/. 14. 

We have not heard that this fine fhrub has ever produced 
flowers in this country before laft Auguft, at which time, under 
the management of that experienced cultivator Mr. Fordyce, 
8 bloffomed in the very choice collection of rare plants at 
Bayes-Water, belonging to Madame la ComtefTe de Vamdes, to 
whom this work has been frequently indebted, as was its original 
author, for her kind patronage on ieveral other occafu 

Willdenow defcribes the flowers as growing in terminal 
few-flowered racemes; in our plant they were axillary and foli- 
ta ry; according to Prof. Ammann, they grow from the axils of 
«ie leaves and the extremities of the branches, one, two, or 
three together. The nectaries or five barren filaments are much 
longer than the fertile ones, as in P. acerifolium (No. 620) but 
ar e not elub-fhaped as in that. 

Native of the EaftJndies, and requires to be kept in the 

[ 1527 ] 


»»♦♦♦♦ ; ♦ »♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ 

Clafs and Order, 
Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. 

Cal. 5-fidus, bafi attenuata. Cor. papilionacea, petalis fta- 
minibufque deciduis, medio tubo calycis infertis : vexilli lamina 
duplo latior quam longa, divaricato-biloba. Germen difpermum. 
Stylus uncinatus. Stigma capitatum. Legutnen ventricofum. 
Semma ftrophiolata. Brown in Hort. Kew. 

Specific Characler and Synonym, 

DlLLWYNIA parvifolia; foliis brevibus patentibus decuflatim 
confetti's,- floribus fubcapitatis, pedunculis bibracieatis, 
ftigmate capitate 

DlLLWYNIA parvifolia. Brown in Herb. Bank/. 

This fpecies is nearly related to Dillwynia glaberri0 
(fee above, No. 944) ; from which it efpecially differs in having 
fhort and lefs ered branches : leaves fmaller, more fpreadmg 
and arranged in four regular rows ; flowers fmaller with tw° 
trades on each peduncle; and a globular, not a truncated* 

We believe no account has been before published or w| 
plant, which makes a beautiful little fhrub, having A cXl . e 
branches and numerous bloffoms', and is worthy a place 1 
any greenhoufe. 

Native of New- Holland. Communicated by MelTrs. ho* 
dices and Sons, by whom we conclude it was firft raifed 1 
this country, as we find no mention made of it in the o e 
edition of the Hortus Kewenfis. 

Flowers in June and July. 



<fyt~Z 'ji inwk P t f AJ,. £y s. £ur&r iVv/wrfA /V ■ / r t Mf 


[ * 5 28 ] 



Mf ♦♦♦♦»»»♦♦***♦*♦♦ 

Gafs and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cat. 5-partitus, laciniis apice fetaceis. Cor. 2-labiata : lab.fup. 
cmarginatum : infer, trifidum : tubus elongatus : faux, pilola. 
Stigma globofum. Capf l-locularis, 2~valvis. 

Specific Chamber and Synonyms. 

RUSSELIA multifiora; foliis ovatis acuminatis petiolatis, ra- 
cerao terminali verticillato : pedunculis cymofis. 

The Russelia multifiora fends up many long Ample ftems 
which are unable to fupport themfelves without afliftance, and 
produce their fine fcarlet flowers in great abundance in clofe 
whorls, towards their extremities. , 

It appears to us to be an undefcribed fpecies, differing in 
feveral refpeBs, both from the farmentofa of Jacquin and the 
rotundifolia of Cavanilles ; in the former of thefe the number 
of flowers on the fame peduncle is only three, in the latter the 
leaves are nearly round, cordate, and quite feffile, and flowers 
grow in long fimple racemes, not verticillate. The colour ap- 
pears, from the defcription, to be nearly the fame m all three. 

Native of the mountainous traB between Vera Cruz and 
Mexico, where feeds of it were coMed by Mr. Cowan, 
who prefented them, with many other rarities, to Mr. Lambert,. 
in whofe flove at Bovton, in Wiltfhire, they flowered freely the 
latter-end of laft fummer. 


■<4. 3y ■ 

C 1529 ] 


•fc £- ftftftftft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ^--fc-JMfr 

Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. 

Cat. 3-partitus. Cor. longior, 3-partita (in Renealmia 
Plumieri), aut tubulofa 3-fida (in Caraguata Plumieri). 
Stamina imo flori inferta. (Germ, fuperumj Cap/, obtufe tri- 
gona, 3-locularis (uniloculars ex Linn.), polyfperma, /minibus 
pappofis. Folia pkrumque radicalia, flores in/capo aut caule/picati 
aut paniculati. Plants herbacea plurim<e parafiticee, ali<e A c a v e m 9 
&li<e Aloem, alia Bromeliam habit u mentienles. CaraBer in 
vivis examinandus et ob/ervanda germinis evolutio. Cap/, quarumdam 
fubunilocularis f An genus dividendum? Juflieu Gen. Plant. 50. 
Tillandsia 3 Linn. Ren ealmia, Plum. Caraguata, PL 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

TlLLANDSIA jlri&a ; (monqflachya : ) fbliis radicalibus, nu- 
merofis, fafciculatis, bafi imbricato-complexis, inde multi- 
fariam divergentibus, ligulato-fubulatis, canaliculars, fub- 
coftato-carinatis, integerrimis, pellicula pruinofa canef- 
centibus, exterioribus recurvis; caule parum akiori, ftri&o, 
iimplici, teretiufculo, foliolis vaginato; fpica fparfa multi- 
flora, ovato-oblonga, imbricato-laxata ; bracleis folitariis 
unifloris, aflurgentibus, ampliufculis, femi-pellucidis, mcm- 
branaceis, aridis, ovato-ellipticis cum mucrone, ventricofo- 
concavis, infimis nunc cufpide longa phyllodi ; floribus 
feflilibus, erettiufculis, fubinclufis ; calyce triphyllodi- 
partito, tubulofe connivente, glabro, perfiftente, fegmentis 
oblongo-attenuatis, cavulis ; corolla tertia parte longiori, 
tripetalodi-partita, in tubum fupra patulum imbricato- 
convergente ; laciniis eequalibus, fubfpathulato-ligulatis, 
obtufis, intra calycem concavioribus decoloribus ; ftamini- 
bus erects, incliifis ; filamentis philyraceo-lincaribus, fub- 
canaliculatis, fupra attenuatis, connivenlibus ; antheris 


ereclis, linearl-fagittatis ; germinc oblongo acuminata, ro- 
tundate trigono, trifulco ; ftylo aliquoties longiori, inclufo, 
filiformi-triquetro, fuperne torto ; itigmatibus tribus mi- 
nutis, puberulis, replicatis ; capfula columnari, obtufe 
trigona, acutula, bra&eam parum tvanfeunte. G. 
TILLANDSIA ftricla. Soland. M/f. in Scbed. Bank/. Eg.piB. 
in Icon. pi. brqfil. in Cod. Bank/. 

Desc. Leaves fpringing from a fhort flefhy rootjlotk, much 

in the manner of tbofe of the common Pine-Apple, about fix 

inches long, nearly half an one broad at their bafe, whence they 

taper their whole length, coated with a hoar-like pubefcence, 

thicken* towards the bafe of the leaf; fiem nearly of the thicknels 

of a common pen, about feven inches high ; braB.es (lone-white, 

fubpellucid, reddening towards their circumference ; flowers 

narrow-cylindrical, about three-fourths of an inch long, fcent- 

lcfs; calyx thickiih, pale reddifh brown; corolla above that 

part of a deep violet-blue, finally changing to a deep red; flamem 

almoll equal to this in length ; jlyle ftraight, white, with ftigmas 

juft overtopping the yellow anthers ; germen pale green, four 

times iliorter than the ftyle, which is continuous with its apex, 

quite free from the flower; capfule dark brown, about the 

thicknefs of a crow-quill, pointed. A parahtic plant ; found by 

the late Dr. So lander in the Brazils, growing on trees near 

Rio- Janeiro. There is nothing in the very little which Lin- 

NAUs has left us concerning his monojlacbya, that does not tally 

with this fpecics, except the fynonymy. Requires to be kept in 

die (love ; but, we have been told, will live and bloffom when 

lufpended by a thread in a warm room. Our drawing was made 

from a plant that flowered at MeflVs. Whitley and Bramb' 5 

Nurlery, in the King's-Road, Fulham, in November laft. Not 

recorded in any work known to us. Firft introduced into the 

European gardens by Lady Neale, in whofe colkaion * 

Walhampton it has been cultivated for fome years. G. 


- 'WW- D»Z. A& ZyifiZv&r. WaAror/g-FeS. /./&'* 


C *53° ] 

Watsonia marginata (3.) minor. Lesser 
broad-leaved watsonia. 

Generic Qjaratler. — Vide No. 1072; ubi pro u Sem. deorfum ira- 
bricata" lege " Sem. imbricato-ere&a." G. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

WATSONIA marginata ; (flos regularis ; ftamina refta, trifaria ;) 
foliis pluribus (fubqualernis?), vaginantibus, lanceolaio- 
enfatis, fubcoriaceis, ftricliufculis, nervofis, glabratis, in- 
inferne latere interiore excifis, margine nunc craffa; 
caule akiori, ftriflo, monoftachyo fpica refra numerofa 
imbricato-difticha, feu confluenter polyftachio fpiculis 
principal! appreffo-continuis ; fpathis aridis, convoluto- 
amplexis, ereclis, tubo fubaequilongis, nervofis, acutis, 
valva intima fubulata, paulo breviori ; corolla arre&o- 
nutante ; tubo gracili, ftriato, laciniis quarta parte circiter 
longiori; fauce fubtriplo breviori, turbinate contra&a, la- 
mellulis fenis verticalibus ad inftar feptorum ab interna 
margine ftylo obverfis alterne ftaminigeris concamerata ; 
limbo nutante, rofaceo-explanato; laciniis obovato-ellipticis, 
extimis parum anguftioribus ; ftaminibus quarta circiter 
parte brevioribus ; antheris divergenti-incurvefcentibus, 
filamento longioribus ; ftigmatibus has aequantibus. G. 
WATSONIA marginata. Nobis fupra No. 608 ,- et in Ann. of 
Bot. 1. 228/ et fupra No. 1072, verfo fol. in Spec. Synth. 
Hort. Kew. ed. 2. 1. 94. 
IXIA marginata. Hort. Kew. 1. 59. Mart. Mill. DiB. 
I XI A cartilaginea. Lamarck. Encyc. Bot. 3. 340. illujlr. 1. 112. 
GLADIOLUS marginatus. Tbunb. Dijf. 20 / var. a. unicetenus. 
Prod. Flor cap. 8. Linn. Suppl 95. Syjl. Veg. a Murr. ed. 
14- 86. Mart. Mill. DiH. Wild. Sp. PI. 1. 217 ; (exclufa 
Antholyza caryophyllacea.) Vahl. Enum. 2. 104. n. 55. 
GLADIOLUS maximus ramofus floribus argenteis. Plukn. 

Mant. 2 1 ; ex fide herb. Plukn. monente Vahl. 
GLADIOLUS. Herb. Herman. 4. fol. 35,- ita e mam Lintuei 

(*•) major; polyftachia; folia glaucefcentia cartilagine craffa 
fulca circumfcripta. Supra tab. 60S. 

(3.) minor; 

(p.) minor ; monoftachya ; folia fubatroviridia, lucida, cartila- 
gine marginis obfolefcente. G, 

For a further account of the fpecies, we refer to No. 608 ; 
where, for " alternating with the ftamens" read lt alternately 
ftaminiferous." The prefent variety was introduced laft year 
from the Cape of Good Hope, by Mr. Griffin, in whofe 
confervatory at South-Lambeth we law it in bloom in October 
laft. Seems to come verv near to rubens. G. 


No. 1132, 1.8. fr» " membranacca, tubulofa." lege u membranaceus, 

No. 1495, 1. 3. for ** 918." read " 913." 

No. 1524, <verfofol. 1. 2. pro ** GRACILl" lege " GRACILE." 
1. 13. fro tf Dio" lege " dio." 

-1. 18. pro " exel," lege « excl." 



/hJ. tv -S £"■&- WoUsiiiJU/ ffa. 


C 1531 ] 

Tritonia capensis (/3.) Lesser trumpet- 


Gencric Chamber. — Vide fnpra N u - 1275, 1502. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

TRITO\ T IA capenfis ; (irregularis • Jiamina afcendentia ;) foliis 
radicalibus pluribus (7 — 8), gramineo-enfatis, nervofis, 
medio coflatis, intimo anguftiore ferme toto vaginante, 
altiori ; caule fimplici vcl fubramofo, foliolis ftipulaceis 
1 — 2 j fpica pluriflora, remotiufcula; fpathze valvis tubo 
2 — 3plo brevioribusj extima lanceolata ariftato-cufpidata, 
intima fctaceo-bifida ; corolla erecla, gracilius tubaeformi ; 
tubo laciniis duplo longiore, fubclavato-triquetro, in faucem 
brevem leviffimc latefcente ; limbo inaequali, obfolete fub- 
bilabiato, lacinia fbmma elliptico-ovata, duplo fere latiore, 
porrecla vel minus patentc, reliquis lineari-oblongis apice 
rotundatis ftellato explanatis, irnis tribus fubanguftioribus; 
ftaminibus pene duplo brevioribus, fummre lacinias accum- 
bentibus ; filamentis fauci inclufis, anthera emicante fub- 
longioribus; ftigmatibus (lamina tranfeuntibus,revolutis. G. 

1 R ITON I A capenfis. Nobis Jupra No. 6 1 8 ; it : in Ann. tf Bat. 
I. 228; fupraque No. 1275 verfo fol. in Spec. Enum. 

V*ITONIA rofea. Hart. Kew. ed. 2. 1. 91. 

GLADIOLUS rofeus. Jacq. Ic. Rar. 2. tab. 261. Coll. 5. 22. 
Willd. Sp PI. x. 217. Vahl. Emm. 2. no. w. 69. 

GLADIOLUS longifloms. Linn. Suppl. 69 ? Syjh Veg. Murr. 
€ "- *4- 87 f ; at non aliornm. 

HOUTTUYNIA capenfis. Houtt Nat.Hifl. 12. 448. tab. 85. 
fg.%. Linn. Pfi'.Syjl.iusn. tab. 8.5./ 3. 

I*-; major; corolla rubido-pallcl'cente, venis picta. G. i\o. 610. 

I 3 -) minor; corolla ochroleuca, avenia, laciniis praeter fummaro 
ladio brevi atro fanguineo bafi notatis. G. 

Ir > No. 618 will be found an account of the fpecies; and m 
* °- 1 S°3 3 ftatement of its difference from the nearly allied 

paitida t 

pallida^ longiflora, and Rocbenfis. We met with this variety laft 
fammer (Tor the firft time) in Mr. Griffin's confervatory at 
South-Lambeth. That gentleman had received feveral of its 
bulbs in the fpring from the Cape of Good Hope, fome of 
-which flowered with him in Auguft and Oftober. 'I he leaves 
were from three to fix inches high, outer ones gradually fhorter; 
jlem eight or nine inches long, bending (particularly before 
the bloom fprings from the fpathes), fimple or one-branched; 
flowers rather more than two inches long, fcentlefs. The prefent 
feems to be the variety recorded in Houttuyn's work above 
cited, It is, we believe, fometimes one-flowered. G. 


'J™ £ durante h, J. H&.lrJ. ' -er&i 

C 1532 ] 

Peliosanthes humilis. Dwarf 


*f ♦ » tji p $ » »♦$»,» ♦♦♦♦♦» 

Generic CharaHer. — Videfupra No. 1 302. 

Em e n d. et A d d. Cor. perfiftens, femiinfera (ni reBius inferam 
dicenda?), fru&um bafi cingens. Bacca fupera, ex fmgulis uni 
loculanbus monofpermis oblongis glabris ima fede ope recepta- 
culi aut fundamenti ftyli connexis ternata (aut Japius t horum 
unius vel et alterius abortu geminata tantum, fimplexve). Ne- 
qiiedum tamen vidimus plene maturatam. Dele punBum interro°ationis 
Pfi « binis" in Char. Gen. G. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

"ELIOSANTHES humilis : foliis pluribus (fubquinis ?), ellip- 
tico-lanceolatis, longius utrinque attenuatis, cauliculum 
denfe ftriatum fuperantibus ; racemo fimplici, multifloro, 
confertius fpicato ; bracleis geminis pedicellum folitarium 
flore breviorem includentibus ; corolla rofaceo-patente, 
papulis rugulifVe extrinfecus fcabrata; laciniis ovato-ellip- 
ticis, acutulis, acie marginis membranacec extenuata ; co- 
ronula ftaminea breviffime prominente, cupulato-aperta; 
germine difco incraffato corollae toto immiffo (nee poftice 
extante) ; ftylo annulum difci ferme duplo tranfeunte. G. 

PELIOSANTHES humilis. Botan. Repof. lab. 634. 

Leaves rather more than three inches high, about one broad ; 
ftem with the rachis of the inflorefcence about two high j corolla 
Smaller and of a purer green than in Tela (fee No. 1302), with 
* 'me down the middle of each fegment. Blooms in November, 
introduced from Prince of Wales's Ifland about 1808, by Mr. 
*vans, from whofe hot-houfe at Stepney we received the fpe- 
Clmen from which the figure was taken. G. 


A llium Cepa; 0. fupra No. 1469. 

The following obfervation belongs to this variety; 
. Allium Cepa. Varietatem coluimus, feu fi mavis fpecicm 
IPneftat enim cultura) in quam dihnitio data de Cepa omnino 


quadrat at differt; capitulo bulbifero triplicate?, perfoliato, caule 
inter capita priora duo flexuofo, ferpentino, fubventricofo. 
Cepam fert deliciofiiTimam. Pro Allio canadenfi babebatur, 
quod non eft. Schulte Obf Botan. 66. n, 467,. 

DlANELLA ENSIFOLIA. Supra No. 1 404. 

Willdenow, in Schrader's Journ. fur die Bot. v. l. p. 288, 
directs us to expunge Ant h eric um Acfenantbera (\omv . 2. p. 140, 
of his " Species Plantarum;" it being the fame with the Dra- 
caena erf folia (our var. |3. of Dianella enffolia) of the fame 
work. G. 

SciLLA SEROTINA. |3. SupYd No. II.85,, 

The following diftinctive note and fynonym fhould be added 
to this variety ; 

(|3.) corolla e lateritio flavefcens ; laciniis extimis divarication- 
bus. G. 
H y ac i n th u s fuhus. Cavan. en Anal, de Cieue. Nat. 3. 47* 

(3 is here fpecifically feparated from the a. of our No. 859; but 
by no Itronger charatlers than thofe contained in the above 
note. The corolla, in the body of the article, is faid to be 
" roxo de teja," or of a tile-red,' which expreilcs ,the tint better 
than fuhds. We find that the wider expaniion of the outer 
feginents of the corolla is natural, and not produced by the 
plant's being forced in the ftove, as we had conjectured in our 
account of it. Difcovered growing in wet iituations in the 
diftricl of Mogador, by Broussonnet. G. 

Ophiopogon japonicus. Supra No. 1063. 

Subjoin to this fynonymy ; 
Slater i Ajaponica. Defvaux in Journ. de Bot. 1. 244. 
F l u g g e a japonica. Richard in Schrader. neues Journ. fur die Bot. 
v. 2. ft. 1. p. 8. /. 2. fa. 

Aloe cymbiformis. Supra No. 802. 

To this add for fynonyms ; 
Aloe cymbifolia. St brad, neues Journ. fur die Bot. 2. 1. \J- *• 2 
Willd. Emim. Hort, Bcroi. 387. Defvaux in J cum. de Bot- 1 

O Apt 


r^iidfa, / /g/J 

C *533 3 


Clqfs and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Col. 5 -partitus, fubaequalis. Cor. papilionacea, vexillo cx- 
planato. Stigma fimplex. Legumen polyfpermum fubfphaericura 
obtufifTimum (glabrumj. Brown. 

Specific Character and Synonym, 

GOMPHOLOBIUM polymorphum ,- foliis ternatis quinatifve : 
foliolis Iinearibus margine recurvis : apice quandoque dila- 
tato, caule procumbente v. volubili. Brown MJf. Hort. 
Kew. ed. alt. v. 3. p. 11. 

GOMPHOLOBIUM grandiflorum. Bot. Repof. 642. nee Smithiu 

The variable Gompholobium is, when in blofTom, a 
very beautiful little climbing fhrub. We learn from Mr. 
£&own's defcription that the items are occafionally procum- 
bent, and the leaves we obferve vary confiderably in form upon 
[he fame plant. It occafionally ripens feeds with us, by which 
" is readily propagated, but with more difficulty by cuttings. 
Requires the protection of a greenhoufe, and may be confidered 
as a m y plant, demanding more than ordinary care to preferve it. 

The genus Gompholobium was firft eftablifhed by our 
mend Dr. Smith, in the fourth volume of the Tranfaftions of 
th e Linnean Society ; who, in the ninth volume of the fame 
work, has characterized all the fpecies known to him. One of 
^ efe , Q.fcabrnm, having only a two-feeded germen, Mr. 
ROw n has feparated under the name of Burton i a. Gom- 
P8 olobium grandiflorum of Dr. Smith is altogether a diftinft 
P e cies from our plant, vet that name is applied to it. in the 
^anift's Repofitory. 


Our drawing was made from a plant which flowered at 
Meffrs. Malcolm and Sweet's Nurfery, Stockwell-Commonj 
in ]une laft. The vexillum was minutely waved at the margin, 
and divided half-way into two lobes, one of which fomewhat 
overlapped the other ; and we obferved the fame form in the 
only other fpecies we have had an opportunity of examining ; 
but as it is not fo reprefented by Mr. Andrews in the 
Botanift's Repofitory, this part may perhaps be fubjeci to vary- 
as well as the leaves. 

Native of the fouth-weft coaft of New-Holland, where it 
was detecled by Robert Brown, Efq. and was, according 
to Mr. Aiton, introduced into the Kew Gardens, by Mr. 
Peter Good, in 1803. 


C *534 ] 



Generic Cbaratler. 

Receptaculum paleaceum, paleis apice petaloideis : extimis 
radiantibus. Pappus o. Calyx imbricatus, fquamis margine 

Specific Name and Synonym. 
IXODIA achilleoides. Brown in Hort. Kew. ed. alt. v. 4. inediu 

Descr. Stem fhrubby ; branches glandulofe -warty. Leaves 
alternate, linear, flefliy, (lightly mucronate, glandular, clammy. 
Inflorefcence corymbofe. Pedicles leafy, one-flowered. Calyx 
ov ate, clammy : leaflets imbricated, keeled, bluntifh, with 
white membranaceous margins. Common flower radiate, refembling 
an Achillea; but the radius does not confift of the flofcules, 
out of the petal-like paleae, Flofcules hermaphrodite, tubular : 
tube cylindrical, greenifh : limb revolute, white tinged with 
purple. Anthers united, yellow. Germen oblong-ovate, white, 
villous, without any pappus. Each floret is embraced by a 
fingle palea with involute, fcariofe, jagged margins and fmall 
petal-like termination. In the centre the petal-like appendix to 
the paleae is very fmall, but gradually enlarges as thefe approach 
the circumference, and in the outer row, their claw part is 
more expanded, and does not involve a floret. Thefe may 
therefore be very well regarded, as compofing the inner 
Series of the imbricated fcales of the calyx, the office of which 
they certainly perform ; and this is the view that Mr. Brown 
tas taken of the ftruaure of this fingular flower. Our generic 
c Wa&er was conftrufted before this gentleman had kindly 


informed us, that the plant was defcribed by him in the above- 
cited work ; and, becaufe it feemed to us rather more natural 
to confider the radius as confiding of the paleae, the mod 
interior of which have a fimilar though fmaller white petal-like 
appendix, than as the inner feries of the fcales of the calyx, we 
have chofen to retain it. 

This fhrub is a native of the fouth coaft of New-Holland, 
where it was difcovered by Mr. Brown. Introduced into the 
Kew Gardens, according to Mr. Aiton, in 1803, ty ^ r * 
Peter Good, whence it rauft have emanated to other col- 
lections. Communicated by Meflrs. Malcolm, from their 
Nurfery at Kenhngton. 


JW" £"dw» 

Sur M£r< &*&nr //***■ 

C 1535 ] 


Clafs and Order. 
Syngenesia Frustranea. 

Generic Characler. 

Receptaculum paleaceum. Semina tetragona. Pappus 2 f. 4- 
ariftatus. Calyx duplex, uterque monophyllus, fex — otto-panitus. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

COSMEA bipinnata; foliis bipinnatis : foliolis lineari-fubulatis, 
calycis exterioris laciniis ovatis. Willd. Sp. PL 3. p. 2250. 

COSMOS bipinnatus ; foliis connatis bipinnatis, pinnulis lineari- 
canaliculatis. Cavan. Ic. 1. p. 10. /. 14. 

This beautiful plant, native of Mexico, was raifed from feeds, 
procured from that country, at Boyton, the feat of A. B. 
Lambert, Efq. by whom we were favoured with flowering 
Specimens in the beginning of November laft. The fame 
fpecies bloflbmed in the royal Botanical Garden in Madrid, in 
Oclober, November, and December, in the year 1789, and 
was defcribed and figured by the late Rev. Ant. Jos. Cava- 
Ni lles, in the year 1791, in the firft volume of his Icones. 
This author gave it the name of Cosmos, from its ornamental 
appearance, fince changed by Willd enow to Cosmea, fuch 
termination being more confonant with botanical ufagc. 

Both external and internal calyx are defcribed by Cava- 
n illes as eight-cleft ; but the number of fegments of the former, 
ln the fpecimens we have feen, have varied from fix to feven. 

.The plant does not appear to be new in the country, as it is 
laid by Donn to have been introduced in 1804. This author 
marks it as perennial; but, according to Cavanilles, it is 
an nual. If brought fufficiently forward by artificial heat, H 
Vl11 certainly flower the firft year, and then probably penflu 



[ 1536 ] 
Cineraria Petasitis. Butter-bur- 
leaved Cineraria. 

Clafs and Order, 
Syngenesia Suferflua. 

Generic Charatler. 
Receptaculum nudum. Pappus fimplcx, polyphyllus, sequalis. 

Specific Charatler. 

CINERARIA Petafitis; (radiata) floribus paniculatis fexradiatis, 
foliis petiolatis fuborbiculatis undulato-lobatis pubefcentibus 

This gigantic Cineraria is a native of Mexico, and was 
raifed from feeds fent from that country, at Boyton, the feat of 
Aylmer Bourke Lambert, Efq. where it flowered for the 
nrft time in this country laft Chriftmas. 

Our drawing was taken from a recent fpecimen communi- 
cated by the liberal poffefibr early in January. The fame 
P la nt is in the colleaions of Mr. Vere, at Kenfington-Gore, 
and of Mr. Evans, at Stepney; but in neither of them have 
r flo wers yet come to perfeaion, owing probably to the dif- 
ficulty of admitting a fufficiency of air at fo cold a fealon of 
" e >' ear - The ftems have the appearance at prefent of being 
Perennial. The lower leaves grow upon long footftalks, and 
ival in fize thofe of our Butterbur; fome fimilarity to 
th a fu §§ efted to Mr. Brown the name we have adopted; 
J! e edges are dotted with fmall cartilaginous excrefcences, fome- 
th ^ es ob{ olete, which we rather call warts than glands, becaufe 

y do not feem to be immediately conneaed with the veins. 

inthefyftenj ln j s f pec i es may Hand between Cineraria 


84 AAfr./'rl, 

,rM, ff.lt/ fSM 

C !537 1 
Fritillaria persica. (*.) Largest 


* j » I $ $ $ ft j ♦ i if tf » ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ » »♦ » 

Hexandria Monogynia. 
Generic Character. Fritillaria. Ja/. Imperialis. Jujf. 

Cat. o. G?r. infera, nutans f. cernua, hexapetalo-partita, im- 
bncato-campanulata, laciniis re&iufculis, intus prope bafin fovea 
oblonga f. rotunda impreffis. Fil. eorum bafi infita. Anth. ob- 
longas, refto-appenfas, introrfas. Stylus fubclavatus, obtufe tri- 
queter. SHgtn. 3, introrfura canaliculata, rarius unicum. Cap/. 
conacea, oblonga, rotundate fexfulco-trigona f. profunde hexa- 
gona angulis acutis, 3-loc :, 3-valv :, valvis medio feptigeris. 
^.numerofa, horizontal ia, duplici ordine cumulata, plana, 
umbilicum verfus anguftata, tefta fubfungofo-cruftacea in mar- 
ginem comprefla. G. 

Obs. Bulbus nudusy tutticato-fquamofus, ex laminis amplh elliptich 
equato-compaftusy ftmpkx f. collaterali-geminus ; caulis teres /implex ; 
toha cuntta caulina, liliacea, fej/ilia, pauca at que Jubalterna ad numerofa 
a tque multifaria, rarius verticillata ; inflor. longius ac robuftius pedunculata, 
Jjorfm^ foliaceo-brafleata, a numerofa racemofa diffita vel in vertic ilium 
orafteis cornofe arre£iis jpiraliter cantrafla, ad unifioram terminalem. G. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

FRITILLARIA per/tea,- (bulbus ftmpkx ;) caule ftriao; foljis 
numerofis, multifariis, lanceolato-oblongis, obliquatis, 
glaucis, imis 2 oppofitis f. 3 — 4 verticil latis ; racemo nu- 
merate), laxo, undique fparfo, pyramidatim elongato; 
corollae labro re&o, patulo; laciniis ellipticis, antice 
rotundatis, extimis anguftioribus ; foveolis parabolicis ; 
ftaminibus corollam fuba^quantibus ; anthera ovato-oblonga 
filamentis pluries breviore; gerraine prifmatico ftylum 
viridem conformem vix graciliorem <equante; fligmate 
fimplici, puberulo. G. 

^ITILLARIA perfica. Linn. Sp. PI. ed. 2. 1. 43^ *™& 
S P> PL 2. 90. JJl. a Redout^ tab. 67. Hort. Kew. 1. 43 2 « 
e d. 2. 2. 244 ,• (exclufa in pojlremo loco var. <y, qua diverja^ 
obliqua nempe N> 8*7 J 


FRITILLARIA racemo nudiufculo, foliis obliquis. Mill. 

DiEl. ed. 7. n. 6. 
LILIUM perficum. Park. Par. tab. 29. fig. 2. Riidb. Ely/. 2. 

183. fig. 1. Ger. Emac. 201. 
JLILIUM fufianum. Cluf.Hifi. 130. Trew. Seligm. tab. 120. 
(j3.) minor. Supra No. 962 ,• (exclufis F. raceraofa. Mill. Dift. 

et ramofa. Morif. Hort. Blef. ; ad obliquam JV'"- 857 />frt* : 

F. minima. Swert. Floril. 7. jSg. 2. 

For further account of the fpecies, fee No. 962. G. 


No. 857. Fritillaria obliqua. 
The following fynonyms fhoulcl be added to that fpecies ; 
Fritillaria lulipifolia. Marfch. a Bieb. Fl. Taur. Cauc. 1.27O. 
F. caucafica. Adam, in Weber ct Mohr. Cat. 1. 51. n. 15* ex 

Marfch. he. tit. 426 in add. 
F. perfica. |3. Mart. Mill. Ditt. n. 2. y. Hort. Kew. ed. 2. 2. 

F. pyrenaica. Pallas in Herb, penes D. Lambert. Georgi. befchr. des 

ruff, reichf. 3. 4. 900 ; nee aliormn. 
F. racemofa. Mill. Ditt. ed. 8. n. 7. — fl. racemofis. id. eol 

ed. 7. ;/. 7 . 
F. ramofa f. Lilium perficum minus. Morif. Hort. Blef. 200. 
F. flore minore nigro. Reliq. Rudb. a Smith, app. tab. 33. 
•Lilium perficum minus. Robert Icon. tab. 204./ optime. 

Found by Mr. Marschai, an Caucafus j by Pallas and 
others in the Crimea, Kirgefian Deferts, Siberia, and on the 
Banks of the Wolga ; varying with from a Tingle to four or even 
more flowers. Is, we believe, with us in bloom the earlieft of its 
congeners. We regret to fee it (land in the fecond edition ot 
the Hortus Keweniis as a variety of perfica. Cultivated by 
Miller. G. 


We have no doubt but that this plant is the fame with 
F r 1 t i l l a r 1 a cantonienfis. Lonreiro Cochinch, 2 06. Mart, M» 
Diel. n, 5. G. 

C 1538 ] 

fritillaria latifolia. (y.) lutea. 
Yellow Fritillary. 

Generic Char abler. — Vide No. 1537. 

Specific Charabler and Synonyms, 

FRITILLARIA latifolia. Vide Char. Spec, fupra No. 1207. 
F, latifolia. Willi, Sp. PL 2. 92. Hort. Kezv. ed. 2. 2. 244. 

Lil. a Redout e^ tab. 5 1 . Marfch. a Bieb. FL Taur. Cauc. 1 . 

F. efculenta. Adam, in JVeber et Mohr. Catal. 1. 52. n. 16; ex 

Marfch. he. cit. 425 ; in add. 
(«.) major ; omnino rore glauco-nimbata ; corolla fpadiceo- 

teflulata. Supra No. 1207. 
F. IV. Belinde. Trew. Selig. tab. 41. 
F. lutea maxima italica. Park. Par. tab. 41. jig. 8. 
MELEAGRIS flos maximus italicus. Hort, Eyjl. Vern. ord. 3. 

{$•) minor; omnino nitens; corollae teffellis confluentibus. Supra 

* • V. Feftus. Trew. he. cit. 
F. flore atro-rubente. Park. Par. tab. ±\,fig, 2. 
(y.) lutea; corolla fpadiceo-reticulata, maculis flavis. G. 
F. lutea. Marfch. he. cit. 269. Mill. Ditt. cd, 8. n. 4. 
F. collina. Adam, in he. cit. 1. 50. n, 14. Marfch. he. cit. 425. 

in add. 
F- lutea punctata. Park. he. cit. fig. 7. 
F. flore luteo. Swert. Floril. tab. 7. fig. 6, 
F. flore flavo. Cluf.Hijl. 153. 

The prefent variety has been confidcred by Mr. Marschal 
and fome others, as a diftincT: fpecies from latifolia ; but as no 
charaQers, beyond thofe of fize and colour, have been adduced 
Jo feparate the fpecies, we being unable to dete& any others, 
have continued them as varieties. All are found on Caucafus ; 
l he yellow in particular near Kafbek. The capfule is obtufe- 
angular. Mr. Marschal obferves, that in garden fpecimens, 
the leaves are more confpicuoufly alternate, or placed at wider 
^ftances from each other than in fpontaneous ones. For 


further account of the fpccics, fee No. 1 207. Our drawing was 
made from a plant in Mr. Williams's Nurfery, at Turnham- 
Green. All are perfectly hardy. G. 


In N os - 952, and 1216, for " Fritillaria racemosa," 
read " Fritillaria pyrenaica." 

Why we applied the name of pyrenaica to the plant in No. 664 
of this work, and not to the fpecies, two varieties of which have 
been given in N os - 952, and 1216, has been already faid in the 
former of the two laft-mentioncd articles. Mr. Dryander 
has done otherwife in the fecond edition of the Hortus Kevvenfis. 
To conform with that valuable work, we have reftored the name 
of pyrenaica to the plant on which Linn.eus inftituted the 
fpecies, although not belonging to the Pyrenees. For the fpecies 
already given under that name in No. 664, we have adopted 
that of nigra. This is really a Pyrenean plant, and had been 
afiumed by Linn ^.us for a fynonym of the other, which it 
certainly is not. G. 

The following fynonyms mould be added in N 0Si 95 h an " 

(a.) minor; 1 — 2-flora, Supra No. 1216. 
Fritillaria tenella. Marfch. a Bieb. FL Taur. Cauc. l- 269. 
F. orientalis. Adam, in Weber et Mobr. Cat. 1. 50. n. 13; ( * 

Marfch. he. cit. 425. 
F. pyrenaea obfoleto luteo colore. HorL Eyfi. Fern. ord. 3- 9* 

(|3.) major; plunflora; caulis fpadicco-punaatus. Supra No. 95*; 
F. lutea lufitanica. Park. Par. tab. 41. fig. io; (tninorejure a 
No. 1207. ad latifoliam relata.) 

In No. 664, for < c Fritillaria pyrenaica," rea 
" Fritillaria nigra;" 

And infert the following fynonyms; 
F. aquitanica. Chif. Hifl. 1/153. Trew. Selig. tab. 7- 
F. minor obfoleto colore inodora. Hort. Eyfi. V^ n - or "' %' 
M 9- fit- 3- 

While fuch as are there fpccially applied to its variety p 
(except thofe from Bauiiin, Swertius, Parkinson? & 
Ray) fhould be expunged, as belonging to the fy eC ^\ zi 
No. 952, which we then deemed to be the fame with tn 
variety. Although abundant in the Kew Gardens, it JJJ 
been as yet overlooked in the fecond edition of the H<> r 
Kewenfis. G. 



Jktty.jCGmJU W<^>. 

[ '539 ] 


» $ $ 1 1 #l N^%^H^^4^H(hj|Hi» 

Clafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Chamber. F ritillakim /pedes. Linn. Basil m a. Jujf. 

hflor. pedicellata f. fubfeffilis, fparfim clongata, feorfim brae- 
teata, coma foliacea fterili terminata. Cal.o. Gr.infera, hexa- 
petalo-partita, fubaequalis, patens, periiftens. Fil. firmula, 
fubulata, asqualia, inclufa, divergenti-conniventia, baft mem- 
brana. ipGs multoties bre.viori corollas difco adnata connexa. 
Anth. ovato-oblongae, introrfae. Stylus fetaceus, incurvulus, per- 
iiftens. Stig. punclum inconfpicuum. Cap/, coriacea, turbinata, 
lobato-trigona lobis alte f. fubalato-compreflis, 3-loc :, 3-valv :, 
Sem. nigra, oblongo-ovata, plura in loculamento, anguftiffimi 
lepti margini internae utrinque annexa. G. 

Obs. Bulbus crajfius tunicatus ; folia coriaceo-cra/fa, a piano obver/a t 
plurima ambientia ereho-divergentla lirato-oblongata canaliculata, ad bina 
oifaria humi appreJJ'a elliptica plana ; fcapus cylindricus bipedalis fuprave, 
ad triuncialem clavatum ; racemus ereftus, plur'iflorus den/tor, ad numero* 
fflunum laxiorem; flos in pleri/que ex albido dum per/at berbejeens. G, 

Specific Character and Synonyms, 

EUCOMIS punctata ; foliis pluribus (6— 9), ambientibus, 
ere&is, fupra divcrgentibus, lanceolato-loratis, convoluto- 
canaliculatis ; fcapo altiori, cylindraceo ; racemo undique 
fparfo, numerofuTimo, laxius fpicato ; coma pluries breviori, 
microphylla, parca; braBeis inclufis pedicellum divari- 
catum flore fublongiorem aequantibus ; corolla horizontal!, 
rotata, laciniis oblongo-lanceolatis, planis, carinatis, alternis 
dorfo prope apicem mucronatis; filamentis una tenia 
brevioribus, comprefTe fubulatis, membrana ima ferme 
obfoleta ; germine elliptico, tritorofo, fupra anguftato 
a tque rugis fenis ftriato ; pun&o ftigmatofo obfolete 
puberulo. (7. 

(a.) folia 

(«.) folia dorfo purpureo-punetata. G. Supra No. 91 3. 

EUCOMIS punBata. Hort. Kew. 1. 433. ed. 2. 2. 246. LHerit. 
Sert. Angl. 1 8 ; (excl. pafjim citata tabula, qua nondum edila.) 
Mart. Mill. DiB. n. 4. Nobis Jupra No. 913. Lit. a Redouti; 
tab. 208. IVilld. Sp. PL 2. 93. 

BASILS A punBata. Zuccagni Obf. Bot. in Roemer. Coll. Bot. 

ORNITHOGALUM punBatum. Tbunb. Prod. Fl. Cap.62. 
ASPHODELUS comojus. Routt. Linn. Pfl. ^.11.381.^.83. 
((3.) folia dorfo purpureo-flriata. G. 
EUCOMIS Jlriata. Bonn. Hort. Cant. 6. 86. Fig. pifl. * 

" Bauer's Sketches" inter Cod. Banks ; eximie. 
E. punBata. (3. flriata. Willd. Hort. Berol. Enum. 364. 

In our collections, this plant is generally deemed fpecifically 
diltinft from «. It is altogether far more ornamental ; but we 
can fee no character to fuftain it as a diftintt fpecies from that. 
Stem fometimes near three feet high ; corolla from white becoming 
green ; germen purple. For further account of the fpecies, fee 
No. 913. We believe this variety has been introduced into 
our collections long fince «. Our ^drawing was made from a 
plant in Mr. Salisbury's Nurfery at Brorapton. G. 

W" OMWrf JVlir<fO»*&»tGA 

C !540 ] 

Helonias l^eta. (/3.) Narrow chan- 
nelled-leaved helonias. 

4Mt ♦ ♦ ♦♦♦ » » ♦$♦#♦$»♦♦♦ 

Generic Charatler. — Vide No. 985. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

HELONIAS lata; (hermaphrodita ;) foliis fubbifariis, ligulato- 
elongatis, attenuatis, canaliculatis, caulinis diffito-fparfis in 
bra&eas decrefcentibus ; caule fubaltiori, fimplici, tereti j 
racemo conico, fparfim denfato ; bra&eis fingulis, pedicello 
unifloro divaricato floribus longiore brevioribus; corolla 
horizontali, poll anthefin herbefcente, laciniis obtufis, 
cavulis; ftaminibus divergentibus. G. 

HELONIAS Uta. Nobisfupra No. 803. Hort. Kew. ed. 2. 2. 330. 

H. erythrofperma. Michaux Bor.-Amer. 1. 212. 

MELANTHIUM latum. Hort. Kew. 1. 488. mild. Sp. PI. 2. 

„ 2<S 7- 

M. phalangoides. Lam. Encyc. 4. 27. Willd. Sp. PI. 2. 268. 

M. mufcatoxicum. Walt. Flor. Carol. 125. 

ANTHERICUM fubtrigynum. Jacq. Ic. Rar. 2. tab. 419. Coll. 

toy 3 '- 273 * 
(P-J minor. G. 

HELONIAS angujlifolia. Michaux he. at. 

For further account of the fpecies, fee above, in No. 803. 
pur drawing was made from a plant imported from Carolina, 
°Y Mr. Lyon. Jacquin's figure was taken from an imperfect 
Specimen, which had flowered the fecond year from feed, and 
then perifhed. Michaux deems the prefent variety a diftinct 
f Pecies from that in No. 803. G. 


No. 1062. Helonias lutea. 

T he fynonymy given in this article may be augmented and 
arranged as follows : 


Helonias lu tea. Hort. Kew. ed. 2. 2. 330. 

H. pumila. Jacq. Ic.Rar. 2. tab. 453. Coll. 2. 260. Willd. Sp. 

PL 2. 275; (ubi germen, revera nullum, inferum dicitur ,- pedi- 

celli parte inflori a Jacquino feorfim effigiato reliqua^ huicgermtn 

habit a.) G. 
Melanthium dioicum. Walt. Fl. Carol. 126. 
Veratrum luteum. JJnn. Sp. PL ed. 2. 2. 1479. Sxjl.Veg. 

Murr. ed. 14. 902. Hort. Kew. 3. 422. Barton El. of Bot. 

ed. Land. PL 2. fig. 9. App. p. 18. Willd. Sp. PL 4. 897. 
V. raccmo fimplicilftmo. Gron. Virg. ed.2. 158. Mill.DiB.d. 

7- n - 3- 
Reseda &c. &c. Grow. ^7>g. fi. 1. 59. 

After the Latin fpecific name at the top of the page in the 
fame article, add "mas"; before the Englifh, " Male." 

After that prefixed to fpecific character, infert " (diotca ;)''. 

Mr. Pursh affures us that this fpecies is conftantly dicecious, 
and that the bloom in the male plant is white, in the female 
green. This character fuggefted to Walter the very appro- 
priate fpecific title we find in his work. We mould have 
entirely overlooked the fynonym from Jacquin's works, biu 
for an accidental reference to the head Helonias in R EES 
Cyclopoedia. Dr. Bar tun has figured its rootftock, for a 
fample of the prsemorfe or forebitten root. Willd enow, 
befides recording it in two places as diftinB, has made an iuk 
blunder as to Jacquin's engraving, which we have explained 
above. G. 

No. 747, a pede pag. 1. 10. pro " lanceolate" lege « latifofa'" 


■/yd^SJrurd* /)*/. 

Pftfy iX6*&* Vm / w Jt .<f>*t m 

C 1541 ] 

slda hastata. halbert- leaved 
Mexican Sida. 

Clafs and Order. 


Generic Charatler. 

Cal. (implex, angulatus. Stylus multipartitus. Cap/, plures, 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms* 

SIDA hajiata ,• foliis cordato-lobatis., pedunculis folitariis axil- 
laribus longiflimis ; fru&iferis reflexis, capfulis muticis. 

SIDA haftata ,• foliis inferioribus cordatis acuminato-quinquan- 
gulis fubdentatis obtufis, fuperioribus haftatis acuminatis 
bafi fubdentatis, pedunculis folitariis axillaribus longitudine 
foliorum. mild. Sp. PL 3. p. 763. Bot. Repof. 588. HorU 
Kew. ed. alt. v. 4. p. 205. 

ANODA hajiata i foliis cordatis angulatis, fuperioribus elon- 
gatis haftatis, pedunculis longiflimis unifloris axillaribus. 
Cav. Dif. 1. p. 38. /. 11. f. 2. 

SIDA crijlaia. (3. Sp. PL 964. Kniph. Cent. 2. n. 86. 

The fpecific name of halbcrd-JJjaped is fo little applicable to 
fhe plant from which our figure was taken, that we were at firft 
inclined to fufpeft. that it was a diftinci fpecies; but we have 
ken fuch great variation in plants raifed from the fame feed, 
that we conclude no dependance can be placed upon the form 
of the leaves. The peduncles, in all the fpecimens that we have 
lee n, when full grown, are twice the length of the leaves. 

9 ur P ,ant was communicated by Mr. Kekt, from his col- 
lection at Clapton, where it flowers in the ftove from March to 
the middle of fummer, and ripens its feeds freely. Said to be 
introduced in 1799, b y the Marchionefs of Bute. Native of 
Mexico. Is ufually treated as a ftove plant, but being annual, or 
at molt biennial, the feeds may be fown in a common hot-bed 
£ af ly in the fpring, and the plants planted out in the open air 
b y the latter-end of May, where they will, in favourable 
leather, ripen their feeds, by which alone they can be pro* 

/' <itr t 

C 1542 ] 

Cutoria Ternatea, Wing-leaved 

$ fr fr f i ♦ 1 1 < * i * frit ♦ t ♦ ♦ 

Clqfs and Order. 


Generic Character. 
Or. fupinata : vexillo maximo patente alas obumbrante. 

Specific Character and Synonyms, 

CLITORIA Ternatea; foliis quinato-pinnatis, pedunculis axil- 

laribus unifloris. Willd. Sp, PL 3. p. 1068. 
CLITORIA Ternatea ; foliis pinnatis. Sp. PL 1025. Hort. 

Cliff. 360. 
SCHLONGA-CUSPI. Hort. Malab. 8. p. 69. t. 38. Hort. 

Kew. ed. alt. p. 300. Lour. Cochinch. 454. G<ert. FruU. 2. 

321. t. 149./ 3. Mart. Mill. DiU. n. 1. 
PHASEOLUS foliis pinnatis. Eiv. Telr. t. 34. 
FLOS CyERULEUS. Rumph. Amb. 5. p. 56. /. 31. 
FLOS CLITORIDIS Ternatenfibus. Breyn. Cent. 76. t. 31. 
LAT RYRU S fpccJabilis ; caule volubili, foliis felquitrijugis, 

binis fetis interje&is. Forfk. JEgypt. 135. 
P. PHASEOLUS indicus glycirrhizae foliis, flore amplo cae- 

ruleo plcno. Comm. Hort. 1. p. 47. /. 24. 

The Clitoria Ternatea, from the fize and brilliant colour 

°f its flowers, is a very beautiful annual. It is a native of the warm 

parts of the Eaft-Indies, of Cochin-China, and Egypt, and will 

at no time bear expofure to the open air in our climate. It has 

a climbing herbaceous (Loureiro fays fhrubby) flem, like the 

kidney-bean, and requires the fame fupport. 


We are told by Miller, that the feeds were firft brought to 
Europe from Ternate, one of the Molucca Iflands, which in- 
duced Tournefort to give the name of 'Ternatea to this 
genus; which we with that Linnaeus had thought fit to retain, 
though not conftrutted altogether upon fcientific principles. 

Propagated by feeds which come to maturity with us. 
Miller fays, that the double forts, of which fome have blue 
and others white flowers, have not ripened feed in this country; 
and thefe mult be therefore procured from the Eaft-Indies. 
He affirms, that feeds, which he received in three different 
years, invariably produced double bloflbms, and the fame hap- 
pened to Commelin in two fucceeding feafons, which is dif- 
ficult to account for, if they are only accidental varieties of the 
fingle-flowered kind. The leaves of the double fort, as figured 
in the Hortus Amflelodamenfis, are fharp-pointed ; fo that, 
perhaps, what we have followed others in recording as only va- 
rieties, may be two diitinct fpecies. 

Communicated by Mr. Anderson, from the collection of 
James Vere, Efq. at Kenfington-Gore, in July laft. 

Cultivated by Philip Miller, in the year 1739. 


C *543 1 

Talinum reflexum. Reflex -flowered 


» » ♦*»** a g e $ ♦»♦♦♦*♦ $% $ 

Clqfs and Order. 


Generic Character. 
Cor. 5-petaIa. Cal. 2-phyllus. Cap/. 3-valvis, polyfperma. 

Specific Cbaracler and Synonyms. 

TALINUM reflexum; foliis lanceolatis feflilibus oppofitis, 
florum panicula ramofa. Cavan. Icon. v. 1. p. 1. t. 1. 
Haworth Plant. Succul. p. 124. Ejufdem Mifc. Nat. p. 141. 

TALINUM patens. |3. mild. Sp. PL v. 2. p. 863. 

This fpecies is not recorded in the new edition of the Hortus 
Kewenfis. It appears to be quite diftinft from patens, of 
which Willdenow confiders it as a variety. It has cer- 
tainly no fpecific affinity with the figure in the Botanift's Repo- 
sitory, quoted in the Hortus Kewenfis as a reprefentation of 
patens ; which figure, however, according to Mr. Haworth, 
is altogether different from Talinum patens. 

Native of South-America. Cultivated in the ftove. Pro- 
pagated by feeds, which it produces freely ; being annual or 
biennial. Introduced before the year 1800. Communicated 
from Mr. Vere's colle&ion, flowering in Augufl 1811. 

[ 1544 ] 


Clafs and Order. 
Decandria Monocynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. profunde 5-fidus, fubbilabiatus. Cor. papilionacea : carina 
comprefTa longitudine alarum aequantium vexillum explanatum. 
Stylus adfcendens. Stigma (implex. Legum. polyfpermum, ven- 
tricofum ovatum, acutum. Brown. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

OXYLOBIUM cordifolium ; foliis ovatis cordatis pilofiufculis, 
umbellis terminalibus feffilibus. Brown in Hort. Kew. 3. 
A 10. 

OXYLOBIUM cordifolium. Bot. Repof. 492. 

Be scr. a j ow fh ruDj w ith ereft, rigid, hairy, proliferous 

branches. Leaves growing by threes in whorls, but frequently 

°ne, fometimes two are abortive, fubfeflile, cordate-ovate, acute, 

punctate, with revolute and very rough margins, lnfiorefcence 

terminal umbels, from three to fix-flowered. Bowers fubfeffile, 

Papilionaceous, of a fcarlet-orange ' colour. Calyx five-cleft : 

Hments nearly equal, lanceolate, hairy, patent. BraBe one to 

ea ch pedicle, nearly equalling the calyx in length, foon falling 

ott or withering. Vexillum quite entire, nearly round, with a 

^ort claw, feldom quite expanded. Ala lefs by half than 

^xillum and fomewhat fhorter than the carina, the petals of 

j lch la{ t are connate at the apex and diftind at the bafe. Stamens 

^ diftina, inferted below the germen : anthers^ yellowiih : 

vrtum ovate, very hairy. Style afcending, awl-fhaped. Stigma 

cute > when not loaded with pollen. Legume inflated, conical, 


terminated with the awl-fhaped ftyle, two-valved : feeds feveral, 
(originally eight, but feldom more than five are perfected) round- 
kidney-fhaped, black, clouded, adhering by ftiort pedicles to 
each valve alternately at the dorfal future only. 

This gay little fhrub, generally covered with a profufion of 
flowers for above fix months in the year, was firft raifed from 
feeds imported from New-Holland, by our old and efteemed 
friend, Mr. Conrad Loddiges, about the year 1804. It was 
firft difcovered in New South-Wales by the Right Honourable 
Sir Joseph Banks. 

Propagated either by cuttings or from feeds, which are pro- 
duced plentifully. 

It is a hardy greenhoufe Ihrub, requiring only to be protected 
from froft. 

[ 1545 ] 


$ » $ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Mftftftfrft^frft 

Clafs and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. 

Cat. 5-fidus, bilabiatus, bah* attenuata. Cor. papilionacea, 
petalis ftaminibufque deciduis, medio tubo calycis infertis : 
vexilli lamina duplo et ultra latior quam longa, divaricato- 
biloba. Germen difpermum. Stylus uncinatus. Stigma capitatum. 
Legumen ventricofum. Semina itrophiolata. Brown. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms, 

DlLLWYNIA ericifolia,- foliis linearibus tortis pun&ulato- 
fcabris, floribus fubterminalibus. Smith in Linn. Soc.frmf. 
9. p. 262. Exot. Bot. t. 26. 

DlLLWYNIA mVj/o/w; corymbis terminalibus feffilibus, 
foliis (4-Hn.) fubulatis punctato-fcabris divaricatis fubtortis : 
mucrone pungenti, ramulis pubefcentibus. Brown in Hort. 
Kew. ed. alt. 3. p. 15, 

PULTENvEA retorta. Wendl Hort. Herrenh. 2. p. 13. *• 9- 

There appears to be great difficulty in diftinguifhing ac- 
curately D. ericifolia from floribunda. The inflorefcence in (oinc 
fpecimens cf our prefent plant is terminal ; in others, from the 
young branches (hooting beyond the flowers and the intermixture 
of leaves with the flowers, thefe become rather axillary than 
terminal. Where the flowers grow fo very clofe together, it" 
not eafy to determine whether they grow in pairs or fingtyj m 
dried fpecimens -, and we neglected examining into this when w e 
had the living plant before us. Mr. Brown makes " floribus 
geminis" a characler of floribunda, but Dr. Smith, in his de- 
fcription, exprefsly fays the peduncles are folitary. 

Our plant correfponds very well with Dr. Smith's delcrip- 
tion in the Tranfafclions of the Linnean Society ; but not Wit 
the figure in Exotic Botany, nor with that of Wend land. 

A hardy greenhoufe fhrub. Native of New South- Wales- 
Communicated by Meflrs. Loddiges and Sons. 

. I / v . 

M V ,f/m&* V*/*.'rJ. 

J'/ZS-fO'. J/ 

it tU. JPui lv %£6*&t. Wu/w-or/A 

C 1546 ] 

Curcuma Zedoaria. Aromatic 

Clqfs and Order. 


Generic Charatler. 

Corolla limbus internus 3,partitus, bilabiatas. Anthcra bical- 
earata. Semina plurima arillata. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

CURCUMA Zedoaria : folirs lato-lanceolatis fubtus pubefcenti- 

bus, antherae calcaribus incurvis. 
CURCUMA Zedoaria. Roxburgh Scitam. in Afiat.Refearch.i'ol.xi. 

^ p. 332. ed. Svo. 
CURCUMA aromatica. Salijb. in Parad. Land. 96 ? 

The root-ftocks of this plant are aromatic and yellow within, 
but do not appear to be the fame as the Zedoary of the fhops, 
which is moft probably the product of Curcuma zerumbet. 

We are not certain that our plant is the fame fpecies as that 
defcribed by Mr. Salisbury in the Paradifus Londinenfis; as 
the leaves, independently of the white variegation, which is 
probably accidental, are not without fome purplifh tinge, and 
j e / er tUe braftes were green, not white as in his figure and 

It flowered in the Move of the late Right Hon. Charles 
^Reville, in May, before the appearance of the leaves. 

The cultivation of thefe plants in this climate is attended with 
Particular difficulty j and unlefs they are ftrong and healthy they 
e| dom or never produce flowers ; hence thefe can hardly be 
f^pectcd, except from newly imported roots. They require to 
e kc pt conftantly in a high temperature, mould have plenty of 
Water w hile flowering, and very little after the leaves die. The 
8 re at diffi cu i t y feems to be to keep up a fufficient heat and a due 
lu PPly of frefh air at the fame time. 

Put. %y 


[ *547 3 



Generic Charatler. — Vide No. 1416. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

PlTCAIRNIA angujlifolia ,• (fios irregularis^ obfoletiusfquamiger { ) 
foliis plurimis, ereclo-divergentibus, ftri&iufculis, anguftius 
loratis, longius attenuatis, convoluto-concavis, laxius 
fpinulofo-marginatis, dorfo pellicula pruinofa albicantibus; 
caule pubefcente, fimplici, fubramofove j racemo laxe 
multifloro, patulo ; pedicellis villofis, flore aliquoties 
brevioribus ; bra&ea illis aequali, villofa, convoluto- 
fubulata, apprefla; calyce villofo; corolla hurtc triplo 
excedente, laciniis fuperne verfus explicatioribus atque in 
labium unicum deteclis antheris incumbens diftortis ; 
fquama brevi, bifida, incurvula, erofula ; filamentis 
ahernis angulo fmgulo germinis oppofitis fimpliciffimis, 
mtermediis membrana breviffima tranfverfe extenfa bi- 
finuato-repanda infitis; antheris lineari-elongatis; ftigmatibus 
in lobum contortis. G. 

PlTCAIRNIA angujlifolia. Hort. Krjc. 1. 401. cd, 2. 2. 202. 
IVilld. Sp. PI. 2. 10. Specimen archetypum ex Hort. Kew. in 
Herb. Bank/l 

(&) Specimen ex Infula SanBae Crucis in Herb. Bankf. G. 

p ITCAIRNIA angujiifolia. Lil. a Redoute. tab. 76. 

Our plant is evidently the fame with the fpecimen from which 
l »e fpecies was inftituted ; but it does not feem to agree fo 
exactly with the fpontaneous one depofited along with that in the 
Jpnkfian Herbarium ; this had been brought from the I (land of 
kanta Cruz, by Mr. Ryan, in 1777 j and is certainly the fame 
w "h the plant given by Redoute; which feems to differ from 
°urs in having narrower leaves, fhorter flowers, and larger and 
"jore confpicuous flower-fcales. But as thofe who firft recorded 
* he fpecies have deemed our plant the fame with that introduced 
°Y Mr. Ryan, and of courfe with his fpecimen, it is very 


probable that tbefe apparent differences may be the effeft of 
culture or accident. In the mean time we have given them as 
diftincl: varieties. A fpecimen of our plant flowered this year 
in Mr. Vz re's collection with pale yellow flowers; but we 
were affured by the fuperintendant, Mr. Anderson, that the 
fame plant had in preceding feafons produced a bloom of the 
colour (hewn in our plate, and that the prefent was probably 
caufed by a long-continued want of fun. The marginal fpines 
on the root-fheaths are reflex. The Pitcairnia lanuginofa 
[Ruizy Pavon Flor. Per. 3. 35. tab. 258.) comes very near to 
this fpecies, but the upper part of the leaves are fpinelefs, and 
the flowers of a pale violet colour, G. 


No. 1506, 1, 6 j pro " oppofita" lege « oppofit^. 3 ' 

No « *533> verf - fol « !• 6 ; pro "fpecies 1 ' lege " fpecimen." 

No * *537> J -9 5 P ro "eorum" lege " earum." 

No. 1540, verf. fol. a pag. cake, 1. 8 ; for " Ree's" read " Rees's, 



In which the Latin Names of 
the Plants contained in the 
Thirty-Seventh Volume are alpha- 
betically arranged. 


1522 Agave lurida («.) 
1524 Allium ftriatum. 
1509 After Hratus. 
3511 Bignonia uncara. 
1507 Billardiera longiflora. 
3506 Calothamnus quadrifida. 
J536 Cineraria Petafitis. 
1518 Clerodendrum tomentofum. 
1542 Clitoria Ternatea. 
1535 Cofmea bipinnata. 
1546 Curcuma Zedoaria. 
1545 Dillwynia ericifolia. 

1527 parvifolia. 

3519 Diofma fragran6 

1539 Eucomis pun&ata ($.) ftriata. 
1538 Fritillaria latifolia (y.) lutea. 
^537 ; P"fica. {<*..) 

1516 Galaxia ovata (7.) purpurea. 
a 533 Gompholobium polymorphum. 
1523 Haemanthus quadrivalvis. 

1540 Helonias lasra (/S.) 

1513 Jeflferfonia diphylla. 

1504 Iris prifmatica. 

1514 {"puna (..) defertorum. 

*5 l 5 ({•) ftenogyna. 

j 53 4 Ixodia achilleoides. 

1517 Lachenalia racemofa. 

1505 Narthecium Americanum. 

1525 Nytnphxa pigmsea. 
1544 Oxylobium cordifolium. 
1532 Peliofanthes humilis. 
1547 Pitcairnia anguftifolia. 

1520 Platylobium parviflorum. 

1508 triangulare. 

1510 Pomaderris elliptica. 

1526 Pterofpermum fuberifolium. 

1521 Pyrethrum indicum. 

1528 Ruffelia multiflora. 
1512 Satyrium carneum. 

1541 Sida haftata. 
1543 Talinum reflexum. 

1529 Tillandfia ftrifta. 
153 1 Tritonia capenfis [$.) 

1502 longiflora ()S.y.) 

1 5©3 ' rochenfis (a.) 

1530 Watfonia marginata (£.) minor. 


Jn which the Englifh Names 
A the Plants contained in thi 
a Thirty-Seventh Volume are alpha^ 
4. betically arranged. 

% P/ - 

A 1 ,522 Agave, broad -leaved Vera Cruz. 

•*■ 1507 Billardiera, blue-berried. 

v 1506 Caloihamnus, four-cleft. 

A 1 53^ Cineraria, butter-bur-leaved, 

3» 1518 Clerodendrum, downy. 

Q 1 542 Clitoria, wing-leaved. 

a J 5 3 5 Cofmea, fine-leaved. 

£ 1518 Cumberland- tree. 

$ 1545 Dillwynia, heath-leaved. 

♦ 1527 fhort-leaved. 


19 Diofma, aromatic. 
1539 Eucomis ftriped-leaved. 
1521 Feverfew, Baft-Indian. 
1520 Flat-pea, fmall-flowered. 

1508 ■ triangular-leaved. 

1537 Fritillary, Iargeft Perfian. 
338 yellow. 


1516 Galaxia, purple-flowered. 
1524 Garlic, ftreak-leaved. 
•533 Gompholobium, variable. 
1 52 } Hamanthus, hairy-leaved fcarlet 

Helonias, narrow channel-leaved. 

Jefferfonia, Barton's. 

Iris, cream-coloured Baftard. 


fweet-fcenied Baftard. 

Ixodia, milfoil-like. 
Lachenalia, ftarch-fcented. 
Narthecium, American. 

» 544 Oxylobium, heart-leaved. 
1532 Peliofanthes, dwarf. 
1547 Pitcairnia, narrow-leaved. 

S1510 Pomaderris, oval-leaved. 
1526 Pterofpermum, cork-leaved. 
■*■ 1528 Roflelia, many-flowered. 
A 1512 Satyrium, great-flowered Cape. 
% 1541 Sida, halbert-leaved Mexican. 

* l 5°9 Star-wort, fluted-ftemmed. 
A 1543 Talinum, reflex. flowered. 

* 1,529 Tillandfia, frofted, ftiflf-leaved. 
Y 1531 Tritonia, lefler long-flowered. 


bending flowered. 

'/ 1511 Trumpet flower, hook-tendrilled 

A 1 546 Turmeric, aromatic. 

* 1525 Water-Lily, pigmy. 

^ 1530 Watfonia, lefler broad-leaved. 

Trintcd by S. Couchman, Throfrtnoiton-Street, London, 


Botanical Magazine,- 

O R, 

Flower-Garden Difplayed : 


The molt Ornamental Foreign Plants, cultivated in the 
Open Ground, the Green- Houfe, and the Stove, are 
accurately reprefented in their natural Colours. 


Their Names, Clafs, Order, Generic and Specific Characters, according 

to the celebrated Linn.eus ; their Places of Growth, 

and Times of Flowering : 




Intended for the Ufe of fuch Ladies, Gentlemen, and Gardeners, as 
wi(h to become fcientifically acquainted with the Plants they cultivate. 



Fellow of the Linnean Society. 


The Flowers, which grace their native beds, 

Awhile put forth their blufhing heads, 

But, e'er the clofe of parting day, 

They wither, fhrink, and die away : 

But these, which mimic fkill hath made, 

Nor fcorched by funs, nor killed by (hade, 

Shall blufh with lefs inconftant hue, 

Which art at pleafure can renew. Lloyd. 


Printed by Stephen Couchman, Throgmorton-Street. 

Publifhed by Sherwood, Neely, & Jones, 20, Paternojier-Row, 

And Sold by the principal Bookfellers in Great-Britain and Ireland. 



■A 1 '*V 

'Wa»&ir*fw»iUrjpx'**J & 

[ 1548 3 
Erica primuloides. Cowslip Heath. 

Clqfs and Order,. 


Generic Character. 

Cal 4-phyllus. Cor. perfiftens : limbo 4-fido. Anther* ante 
anthehn per foramina 2 lateralia connexae. Cap/. 4 — 8-locularis, 
4— 8-valvis. 

Specific CharaEler and Synonyms. 

ERICA primuloides; antheris muticis, floribus terminalibus fub- 
feflilibus qumis, bra£leis calyci proximis, foliis patentibus 

-ERICA primuloides. Andr. Heaths, vol. 3. 

ERICA fajligiata. (3. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. v. 2. p. 395. 

ERICA dilefta hortulanorum. 

Although this fpecies is very nearly related to Erica fajli* 
giata («) of Hortus Kewenfis, the E. Walkeria of Mr. Andrews, 
yet we have little hesitation in confidering it as fpecifically 
diftincl:. The growth of the two plants is very different, this 
being a low deprefled fhrub, the other upright with erecl 
branches and leaves ; the flowers and leaves grow as conftamly 
b y fives in this as by fours in that. The tube of the corolla is 
nearly cylindrical and very little longer than the calyx in 
P^muloides, whilft in Walkeria it is above twice the length of the 
calyx and more inflated. In the latter the outer fide of the 
'acinije of the corolla are only flightly tinged with red towards 
*he tip, but in the former the whole outfide of the limb is of a 
dee P blood red. In our plant too the leaves are much longer, 
a nd f far from being erea, that they are confiderably recurved. 

We received the plant from which our drawing was made 
from Mr. Barr, at the Northampton Nurfery, Ball's-Pond, 
Un der the name of dilecla, an appellation by which it is pretty 
generally known among the Nurierymen about town, though it 
i* as yet among the rarer fpecies. Native of the Cape of Good- 
«op e , an( j requires the fame treatment as the other Heaths from 
tha < country. 

tyt"£J*n*JM>A J>ui.lyS6**r *•*•** 

C *549 ] 


# ♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦♦♦#♦♦♦ 

Clqfs and Order, 
Decandria Pentagynia. 

Generic Character. 

Oil 5-phyllus. Tetala unguibus connexa. Siam. inasqualia : 
5 breviora exteriora, baft connata. Cap/, angulis dehifcens, 

Specific Character, 

OXALIS pentaphylfo; foliisdigitatis: foliolis quinatislincaribus, 
fcapo unifloro foliis longiore, petiolis amplexicaulibus. 

For this beautiful and, as we believe, hitherto undefcribed 
Jpecies of Oxalis, we are indebted to the Biihop of London's 
Gardener at Fulham. It comes near to O \AL\sf iiformis of 
Jacquin's Hortus Schocnbrunnenfis, from which it differs prin- 
cipally in having five leaflets inftead of three ; footftalks dilated 
at the bafe and embracing the Item ; ftyles not exceeding the 
Itamens in length. 

But, as we had no opportunity of feeing the plant ourfelve:, 
w £ depend entirely upon the accuracy of our draughtfman, to 
v?hom the plant was communicated. Future obfervations may 
Poflibly determine it to be only a variety of Jaco.uin's 

Flowered the latter end of Oaober 1812, 

. I . ■■ 

/ m £'dwara- 

',/wt>rAJ/<2v/-f& f ' 3 

C *55° ] 


Clafs and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. (Octandria auclorum pluriitm.) 

Generic CharaBer. 

Cal. fuperus. Cor. urccolata aut campanulata 4 — 5-da : laciniis 
reflexis. Filam. receptaculo infcrta. Bacca 4 — 5-locularis, po- 
ly iperrna. Stamina 8—10. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

VACCINIUM nitidum ; (fruticulus fempervfrens) caule ramo- 
fifljmo, foliis obovatis acutis baft anguftatis obfolete ferru- 
latis, racemis corymbofis terminalibus lateral ibufque brae- 

W-cauleereao, corollis fubcylindricis. 

VACCINIUM nitidum. Bot. Repof. 480. 

(p-J caule decumbentc, corollis ovatis. 

V ACCINIUM Myrjinites. DonnHort. Cantab. vixtamcnMichatixiK 

D e sc. A CmaWyfrrub, crowded with decumbent filiform branches 
J? f a bright red colour. Leaves evergreen, fmall, obovate, ob- 
loletely ferrate, mining on the upper furface, paler on the 
underfide, and befet with fhort fiiff hairs, hardly vifiblc to the 
naked eye, which turn black and in this ftate give a dotted 
a Ppearance to the leaf. To the tafte they are not unplcafantly 
acid. Thefiowers grow in fhort corymbofe racemes, from the 
extremities of the branches; fometimes, in cultivation, folitary 
^nd axillary, which apparently arifes from the brades becoming 
Jeaves. Pedicles fometimes longer, fometimes fhortcr than the 
0Wer > often of a fine mining red colour. Bracles bright red, 
J^ er y unequal in fize, fome lanceolate, others oval and concave. 
u ty* fuperior, five-cleft, deep red ; fegments triangular acute, 


three times fiiorter than the corolla^ which is urceolate, white 
ftreaked more or lefs with red : limb five-toothed, revolute. 
Stamens ten : filaments flat, cohering together at the bafe, where 
they are inferted into the receptacle or crown of the germen : 
anthers ere£t, bifid, of a deep red colour. Germen globular, 
five-celled, many-feeded : jiyle longer than the ftamens, ereci : 
jiigma capitate, not exferted. 

Upon comparing this plant with the fpecimen of Vacciniu.u 
Myrjinites of Michaux, brought over by Mr. Pursh, and 
now in the Herbarium of A, B. Lambert, Efq. it does not 
appear to be the fame fpecies, that having thicker more exa&ly 
oval leaves, not narrowed at both extremities. Michaux 
indeed mentions that it varies with fublanceolate leaves, but 
thofe of our plant are conftantly oblong-obovate, narrowed at 
the bafe into a fhort footftalk. Upon comparing it with living 
fpeeimens of V. nitidum of the Botanift's Repofitory, we can fee 
no difference but that one is erecl the other decumbent. $o 
that if this be a narrower-leaved variety of Myrfinitesy we think 
Vaccinium nitidum muft be fo too. 

Native of South-Carolina. Flowers in May and June, h 
more tender than the upright variety, and requires the prote&ion 
of the greenhoufe. Communicated by MefTrs. Lod dices and 



ivrardt Del 

Pui. IfJ &J» WalworiAjloy.f. f*«* 

jrjyf* J * 

Gentiana ochroleuca. Pale-white 

Gentian. ' 

CAj/i and Order. 


Generic Characler. 

Cor. l-petala. Cap/. 2-valvis, i-locularis ; receptaculis s 9 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

GENTIANA ochroleuca; floribus terminalibus feffilibus, co- 
rollis fubdecemfidis ventricofis acutis : laciniis altcrnis 
brevioribus integerrimis, foliis lanceolatis. 

GENTIANA ochroleuca g eorollis quinquefidis campanulatis 
verticillatis fubpedunculatis, foliis ovato-lanceolatis tri- 
nerviis hevibus. Froel. Gent. p. 35. n. 9. Willd. Sp. PI. 1. 
P' 1 338. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. v. 2. p. 112. 

GENTIANA ochroleuca; caule fubangulato fcabriufculo, foliis 
ovato-lanceolatis afperiufculis, floribus feffilibus fafciculatis 
terminalibus, eorollis quinquefidis campanulatis ventricofis : 
laciniis acutis, plicis interioribus fimplicibus acutis. Purfi 
Flor. Bor. Am. inedil. — 

GENTIANA villofa. Sp. PL 330. Ed. Mm 1. p. 1338. 
Froel. Gent. 36. n. 10. ex au&oritate Domini Pvrsh, qui 
fpecimen archetypum in Herbario Gronovii nobis indicavit. 

GENTIANA floribus ventricofis campanulatis ere&is, quin- 
quefidis : foliis oblongis acuminatis, leviter villofis. Gron. 
Fl Virgin. ±to. p. 40. Svo. 1 45. 

GENTIANA autumnalis humilior, flore extra lutefcente can- 
dido, intus variis lineis notato : foliis oblongis acuminatis, 
nonnihil villofis. Clayton. No. 605. 

GENTIANA major virginiana floribus amplis ochroleucis. 
Pluk. Aim. p. 166. /. 18./ i. 

GENTIANA Saponaria. Walter Fl. Carol, p. 109. Michaux 

&• Bor. Am. 1. p. 176 f 


Gent i an a ochroleuca has a -near affinity with G.faponar/a t 
from which however it differs not only in the colour of the 
corolla, which is white with green veins, but this part is alfo 
longer, fharper pointed, and n ds the alternate lacinise fhorter 
and quite entire, not fringed as in Saponaria ,• the fegments of 
the calyx are more fpreading and acute ; the anthers are diftinct, 
not united at the apex; leaves narrower and lefs evidently three- 
nerved. The flowers, in all the fpecimens we have feen, are 
crowded together at the extremity of the Item, and have none 
growing from the axils of the leaves, as reprefented in 
Plukenet's figure above quoted, and in our G. Saponaria 
(No. 1039). After all, thefe two plants approach too near to 
each other. 

The Gentian a Saponaria of Walter certainly belongs to 
this fpecies, as does probably that of Michaux, though the 
defcription by the latter does not quite accord ; and it feems 
not very probable that this author mould have overlooked the 
true Saponaria, which is faid to be by much the mod common. 

If Gentian a villo/a of Linn & us be really the fame as 
our plant, which can hardly be doubted, this name has the 
right of priority ; but that of ochroleuca is now fo well eftablifhed 
by frequent repetition, that it cannot well be changed. It is 
better therefore to drop the name oivillofa; which may be done 
with the lefs regret, as, in its cultivated ftate at leaft, U 
pofleffes no villofity whatever. 

Mr. Pursh defcribes the corolla of our plant as yellowifo 
green on the outfide, and blue flriped with purple within. 
We have never obferved the colour of the infide to differ 
from the outer ; but when growing in a dry foil, expofed to a 
hot fun, thefe colours may appear, though they do not under 
other circumftances. 

Introduced into the Kew Oardeno, according to Mr. AitoNj 
in 1803. Native of North- America : growing, according to 
Mr. Pursh, from Pennfylvania to Florida, but not fo com- 
mon as G. Saponaria, on dry fandy fields and gravelly hills : 
Michaux gives the herbage of woods as the native fituauon 
of his plant. 

Flowers in September. Communicated to us by MeHrs* 
Loddiges and Sons, Hackney, 


J"yd m ±d"ards D'sl 

C 1552 ] 

Olea fragrans. Sweet-scented Olive* 

Oafs and Order, 


Generic Character. 
Gw.-4-fida: laciniis fubovatis. Drupa monofperma. 

Specific OoaraBer and Synonyms. 

J^f ra S rans : f°l» s lanceolatis ferratis, pedunculis latcrali- 
bus aggregatis unifloris. fhunb. Japon. p. 8. /. 2. WilUU 
Sp. PL 1. p. 46. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. i.p.22. Perfoon Synopf. 

A l - P- 9- Fabl Enum. 1. ^.43. 

USMYNTHUS fragrans. Lour. Cochinch. edit. UJyffip.p. 29. 

UUAI-FA. OJbeck, It. 250. edit. Aug. 2. 14. 

MOKKSEI. K<empf. Am*n. 5. 844. 

According to Tiiunberg, the Olea fragrans grows in 
Japan to a very large tree. Loureiro defcribes it as a fhrub 
? ut feven feet high, with afcendant, fometimes climbing, 
Whes. ° 6 

^ he latter author confiders it as a diftinct genus from the 

^opean Olive, on account of its divided ftyle and lateral 

-others ; that is, the lobes of each anther are feparated by the 

r oad filament paffing between them, which he confiders as two 

! Kt,n ^ one-celled ambers upon the fame filament. It is not 

^probable that Loureiro is right, in making it_ generically 

merent from the Olive; but no European Botanift has as yet 

tT a- C ^ run ' w " nout which there is no deciding with certainty 

* Peeling the genus. It is afTerted that this tree is always 

erile, even in China; fo that it is to be feared that it will be 

°ng before we mail arrive at that certainty which Loureiro 

°ndly hoped for, when he faw young trees fent off for this 

°untry, whilft he was flaying at Canton. The divifion of the 


ftyle, which is not mentioned either by K^empfer or Thujt- 
berg, who examined the Japan tree, is not altogether fatis- 
factory ; for when the flowers firft open they appear to have but 
one ftyle, which afterwards divides not only to the crown of the 
germen, but almoft or quite to its bafe, feeming to be rather 
a fplitting of the abortive germen, than a natural feparation of 
two ftyles. 

The infignificant looking flowers of this fhrub are extremely 
fragrant, fomething like thofe of Jafmine, but much more 
grateful. On account of this property, they are highly prized 
by the Chinefe, and are faid to be added to fome of the finer 
teas, in order to communicate to them a higher perfume. But 
we cannot believe that the ordinary grateful fcent of Chinefe 
tea in general, which has no fort of analogy with the odour of 
thefe flowers, is owing to this addition, as has been afferted. 

Cultivated in Cochinchina, China, and Japan; but whether a 
native of either of thefe countries is uncertain. Introduced in 
1771, by Benjamin Torin, Efq. Is confidered with us as 
an inhabitant of the greenhoufe, but thrives and flowers better 
in the ftove ; and, as we are informed by Mr. Knight, of the 
King's-Road, from whofe curious collection our plant was com- 
municated, will, if conftantly kept there, produce a perpetual 
fucceflion of bloom through the whole year. Propagated by 
layers and cuttings. 


*rd**rdrD,/ AAiyf &&*&***&*'** 

C 1553 ] 


leaved Master-Wort. 

Clafs and Order. 


Generic Characler. 

Invokcra partialia lanceolata, patentia, aequalia, longiora, 
colorata. Flores plurimi abortientes. 

Specific tharacler and Synonyms. 

ASTRANTIA maxima ; foliis trilobatis mucronato-ferratis, 

involucris fubdecaphyllis ovato-lanceolatis fupra medium 

ASTRANTIA maxima. Pallas in Nov. AH. Petrop. v. 7. p. 357. 

*< 11. 
ASTRANTIA heterophylla ; foliis caulinis integris ovatis 

ariftato-Jerratis feffilibus, involucris apice ciliato-ferratis. 

WiM. in Nov. AH. Berol. 3. 1801. p. 419. Perfoon Syn. 1. 

A<y/' 3 ° 4 * 

AoTRANTIA heterophylla; foliis tripartitis : lobis ovato-lan- 
ceolatis acutis ciliato-ferratis, caulino medio indivifo; in- 
volucris apice fpinulofo-ferratis. Marfchal a Bieb. Fl. Taurico- 
Caiicqf. 1. p. 202. 

ASTR ANT 'I A helleborifolia ; foliis trifido-palmatis ; laciniis 
fubintegris, ferrulatis : bracleis involucelli 9 — 12, late 
lanceolatis, ferrulatis : floribus omnibus longe pedicellatis : 
pericarpii commifTura lata. Salifb. Parad. Land. 60. 

ASTRANTIA helleborifolia,- foliis omnibus trilobis, involucris 
lanceolatis ferratis. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 2. p. 119. 

ASTRANTIA orientalis latifolia, floribus et coma purpureis. 
Tourn. Cor, 22. 

De sc. Stem erect, grooved, fimple, or branched at the 
u Pper part. Radical leaves on long roundifh footftalks, divided 
nearly to the bafe into three lobes, ovate, acute, fawed, and the 
Matures armed with a minute mucro : cauline leaves nearly 


iimilar, but feffile and fometimes fimple. Involucre of about ten 
leaflets, ovate-lanceolate, acute, entire at the bafe, but from 
the middle upwards finely fawed, and the ferratures armed with 
fharp prickles, white with green veins underneath, and rofe- 
coloured on the upper fide, increasing in fize and becoming 
greener after the flowering is over. Florets on erect pedicles the 
length of the involucre, many of them fterile, not only in the 
circumference, but alio intermixed with the fertile florets : the 
lateral umbels confift chiefly of male or fterile florets, with only 
a few fertile ones intermixed. The whole flower poffeffes 
brighter colours than the major or minor, and is therefore con- 
fiderably more ornamental than either. 

Although this plant was defcribed and figured by Pallas, 
fo long fince as the year 1790, under the name of Astrantia 
maxima, yet Willdenow took it up as new, calling it hetero- 
phylla ; which name was adopted by Persoon, in his Synopfis 
Plantarum, and by Mr. Marschal v. Bieberstein, in his 
Flora Taurico-Caucafica. That the latter, who trod as it were 
in the footfteps of Pallas, and muft, one would fuppofe, be 
well acquainted with his Caucafean plants at leaft, fhould have 
made no mention of the original difcoverer, is really furprifing; 
and the more fo, as the feeds were repeatedly fent from Caucafus 
to Mr. Loddiges, under Pallas's name of A. maxima. 

Mr. Salisbury, in the Paradifus Londinenfis, ftill con- 
fidering this plant as undefcribed, gave it the appropriate name 
of helleborifolia, under which it appears in the new edition of the 
Hortus Kewenfis. We have thought it incumbent on us to 
reftore the original name, retaining that of Hellebore-leaved as 
the Englifli one, which we truft will tend rather to leffen, than 
increafe the confufion. 

A hardy herbaceous perennial. Flowers in June and July. 
Native of the higheft mountains of Iberian Caucafus. Intro- 
duced, according to Mr. Aiton, by Mr. Bell, in the year 
1804; but was railed fome years prior to this date, by Mr. 
Conrad Loddiges, by whom it was communicated to us. 
Propagated by parting its roots and by feeds. Loves a moilt 
foil and rather fliady fituation. 

C *554 ] 

Bromelia Ananas (fi.) The Queen 


C/^y a«i Order. 


Generic Cbaracler. 

Bromelia, Plum. Linn. Karatas, Plurn. Ananas, Plum. 

Tourn. Gartn. 

Calyx et Corolla fupera, tubulofa ; ille brevfor {rifidus, haec 
longior tripartita Iaciniis (in plerifque G.) ungue appendiculatis. 
Mamma bafi calycis et corollae, aut glandular fupra gcrmen pro- 
ducts inrerta (inde quafi epigyna ?) Bacca umbilicata, poly- 
jperma. Plants herbacea, quadam paralitica ; folia radicalia cana- 
"Ciilata, marginibus f<epe dentato-Jpinofs j fores Bromeli/e Plum, 
wfcapo vet caule laxe /pleat i aut paniculate fruclibus vix baccatis : 
fares Karate Plum, denfe corymbof, corymbo radicals', baccis ovatis ; 
fibres Ananass,e Plum, denfe fpicati in f capo fupra folio/b, fpica 
mature Icente flrobiliformi carnofa fquamofa eduli\ e coadunatis concreta 
baccis, vix loculofis et male facundis. An genera diverfa ? JufT. 
gen, pi. £0; mutata paffim phrafeologia. Loco citato ftarnina 
fiantno dicuntur calyci inferta ; lapfu forfan calami ? G. 

Specif c Character and Synonyms. 

BROMELIA Ananas : foliis ciliato-fpinofis mucronatis, fpica 
comofa. Linn. Sp. PL 2. l. 408. Lam. Encyc. 1. 143. 
Hort. Kew. 1. 400. ed. 2. 2. 200. Mart. Mill. DiB. «. 1. 
Willd. Sp. PL 2. 7. Ruiz et Pavm FL Peruv. 3. p. 32. 

ANANAS Acoftje. Hort. Amft. 1. 109. tab. 57. 

ANASSA. Rumph. Amboyn. 5. 227. tab. 81. 

ANANAS. Quf. Exot. 284. Ger. Emac. 1550. fig. 15. 

KAPA-TS JAKKA. Rbeed. Malak 11. 1. t. 1. 2. 

J-ARDUUS brafilianus, foliis aloes. Bank Pin. 384. 

(i 3 -] Queen Pine-Apple. Hort. Kew. ed. 2. loc. cit. ,• (a.) vert 

edit /wis prion's. Ananas blanc. Gallic}. 



ANANAS mata. MIL Dift. ed. 8. n. i. 
ANANAS aculeatus fru&u ovato carne albida. trew. Ebret. i, 
tab. 2. Mill. DiB. ed. 7. n. 1. 

We have tranflated the following fpecific defcription from 
Lamarck's work. " Root fibrous; leaves feveral, (radical) 
fafciculate divergent, 2 — 3 feet long, 2 — 3 inches broad, 
11 channelled, acuminate, edged with fhort clofe fpines, gene- 
[t rally fomewhat glaucous, not unlike thofe of Aloe, but 
■ neither fo thick nor fo juicy ; flower-fiem central, cylindric, 
" fhorter, leafy, terminated by a denfely glomerate oval or 
'* conic (brafteate) /pike furmounted by a crown (or coma) of 
M perfiftent leaves which are lefs in fize than the others ; flowers 
" fmall, blueifh, fcattered over the furface of the fpike, which 
" is compofed of a thick flefliy receptacle ftudded with germent 
" that imbed themfelves half their length in its fubftance (and 
'* have each a fmgle bra&e). The flowers foon fall off, when 
M the receptacle on which they flood, increafes in fize, acquires 
" a colour, and becomes a fucculent fruit befet with fmall tri- 
M angular fcales (brakes)." The refemblance of this fruit in 
form to the cones of fome fpecies of Pine Trees, has evidently 
fuggefted the Englifh generic name. Marked as biennial in the 
Hortus Kewenfis. Propagated by offsets, as well as by the 
crown of the fruit ; feldom by feed in Europe, where it rarely 
forms any. Miller thinks, that if the feeds were frequently 
fown, there would be as many varieties as of Apples and Pears. 
He made himfelf fome trials by fowing them, and always found 
them to produce varieties of the parent plant. The prefent 
Variety, the flefh of the fruit of which is white, is the moftufual 
in Europe j but is deemed inferior in its efculent quality to 
the fugar-loaf fort, the flefh of which is yellow. The fpecies * 
native of South- America ; and was introduced into England in 
1690, by Lord Portland. We have omitted to enumerate 
varieties, not having examined any with that view. In Mt L * 
ler's Dictionary, and moft gardener's manuals, an ampl c 
account of them, and abundant inftru&ions for their culture. 
are to be found ; to which fources we refer as to thofe points. 


'-/le/J/v*^ 2U/-. 

■ ■ jC &rftr WafworMj,,** / m « 

. / 

C 1555 ] 
Phlomis tuberosa. Tuberous Phlomis. 


Generic Characler. 

Cal 5-gonus, 5-dentatus. Cor. galea incumbens, carinato- 
compreffa, barbata, emarginata v. incifa ; labium snferius pro- 
portionatum : lobo medio majore. Stigna bifidum ; labio 
fuperiore breviore. Brown in Hort. Kezv. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

PHLOMIS tuberofa • foliis radicalibus cordatis fcabris : flo- 

ralibus oblongo-lanceolatis, brafteis fubulatis hifpidis, caule 

glabro. Willd. Sp. PL 3. p. 122. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 3. 

p. 408. Schkuhr Handb. 2. p. 160. /. 163. 
PHLOMIS tuberofa; involucris hi Tpidis fubulatis, foliis cordatis 

fcabris, caule herbaceo. Sp. PL 819. Reich. 371. Hort. 

Upf. 171. Kritph. Cent. 4. n. 62. Mart. Mill. Dicl. n. 9. t 

G<ertn. Sem. 1.319./. 66. f. 9. 
PHLOMIS involucri radiis fetaceis, foliis ex cordato lanceo- 

latis. Gmel. Sib. 3. p. 241. n. 73. f 
PHLOMIS foliis cordiformibus, galea lacera. Hallcr in Comm. 

Goett. 1. p. 2ii. /. 12. 1751. 
PHLOMIS urticae foliis, glabra. Amm. Ruth. 49. 
GALEOPSIS maxima foliis hormini. Buxb. Cent. 1. p. 4. /. 6, 

.The tuberous Phlomis, as cultivated in our gardens, rifcs 
Wtth fimple, ufually undivided (terns, from one to two feet in 
height, though Miller defcribes it as having ftcms five or fix 
feet high. The radical leaves grow on long hairy footttalks, 
a re five or fix inches long, cordate, narrowing towards the point, 
and unequally dentate, not unlike thofe of common Clary. 

Euxbaum's and Halle r's figures, above quoted, are both 
evidently reprefentations of our plant. But Gmelin quotes 

as a fynonym of his, not only Amman n, No. 49, but likewife 
Mo. 48, in which a doubt is expreffed whether Buxbaum 
deiignated the fame fpecies or not, and it is there defcribed as 
growing to five cubits in height and more, and branched almolt 
from the bottom: it feems probable, therefore, that Gmelin's 
andBuxBAUM's plants may be two diftinct fpecies, and that 
Miller may have poffefled the former. 

Native of Siberia. A hardy perennial. Propagated by 
feeds or parting its roots. The authority for its introduction 
before 1759 depends upon the identity of Miller's plant, 
which the above obfervation renders dubious. Flowers from 
June to Oftober. Communicated by Mefirs. Loddiges and 
Sons, Hackney. 






W/A'^i'^ /W ^ r - /" i**** fcSiA 

C 155P ] 

Capraria undulata. Waved-leaved 


Clqfs and Order, 


Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-partitus. Cor. campanulata, 5-fida, acuta. Cap/. 2-valvis, 
2-locularis, polyfperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

CAPRARIA undulata i foliis (fub) oppofitis ovato-oblongis 

integerrimis undulatis : fupremis fubcordatis verticillatis, 

racemis fpiciformibus. Hort. Kew. v. 2. p. 354. Ed. alt, 

v. 4. p. 46. 
CAPRARIA undulata i foliis fparfis inaequaliter approximatis 

ovatis integris fubundulatis, racemo terminali fubfimplici. 

LHerit. Sert. Ang. p. 21. (tabula citata nunquam editafuit.) 

Lam. Illuftr. tab. 534. /. 1. 
CAPRARIA undulata. Tbuni. Prod. 103. Linn. Suppl. 284. 

Syft. Veg. 597. Mart. Mill. Dicl. n. 5. 

Capraria undulata forms a fmall {haggling fhrub, of little 
beauty except while in bloflbm, when its lively purplifh flowers, 
growing near the extremities of the branches, make a pleafing 

Native of the Cape of Good-Hope, whence it was introduced 
to the Kew Garden, by Mr. Francis Masson, in 1774. 
Re quires the fhelter of a greenhoufe. Flowers in June. Com- 
municated by MefTrs. Lodd ices and Sons, Hackney. 

'W M £Jwart 

C l 557 ] 
Cactus TuNA(y.) nigricans. Lesser 
Black-spined Indian-Fig. 

C/^/} and Order. 


Generic Characler. 

Cal. x-phyllus, fupcrus, imbricatus. Cor. multiplex. Bacca 
l-locularis, polyfperma. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

CACTUS Tuna (Opuntia) articulis ovato-oblongis, fpinis fu- 

fa.) flava. 
OPUNTIA Tuna; erefta, articulis late ovato-oblongis, fpinis 

fubulatis longis flavis. Hazvorth Succulent, p. 188. 
TUNA major fpinis validis flavicantibus, floregilvo. Dill.FJtb. 
_ 39 6 - '• 295./ 380. 
CACTUS Turn. Willd. Sp. PI. 2. p. 944. Mart. Mill. Die!. 

20. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 3. p. 1 79. 
CACTUS Opuntia, tuna, Decand. PL grafles. 
(|3.) elatior. 
OPUNTIA elatior; erefta, articulis late ovato-oblongis, fpinis 

fubulatis longiffimis nigricantibus. Hazvorth I. c. p. 187. 

Mill. Dtcl, ed. 8. n. 4. 
CACTUS Turn 0. Willd. Sp. PL 2. p. 944. Hort, Kew. ed. 

all. v. 3. p. 179. 
TUNA elatior, fpinis validis nigricantibus. Dill. Elth. 395. 

, , *- 2 94-/379- 

(y.J nigricans. 

OPUNTIA nigricans; erefta, articulis oblongis lanceolatifque, 

fpinis diverfiformibus fulvo-nigris ; majoribus divaricatis 

3 — 10 linearibus. Hazvorth I. c. p. 189. 
CACTUS nigricans. Hazvorth in Mifc. Nat. p. 137. 

Mr. Hawortii, in his Synopfis of fucculent plants, has 
refbred the old genera of Cereus and Opuntia which 

T.iNN'.r. us united with Cactus. We do not condemn this 
fcparation of a genus grown too unwieldy ; but as it has not 
been followed in the new edition of Ai ton's Hortus Kewenfis, 
and we cannot find, in Mr. IIaworth's generic definitions, 
characters that appear to us fuificiemly difcriminative, we prefer 
adhering to the Linnean divifion of the genus into fections, 
eatily dtflingudhed by their habit ; till future obfervations {hall 
point out {table diflinguifhing characters in the fructification, 
that may accord with the difference in habit; which neither 
LiNN.tus nor } u s s i e u were able to effecl. 

Lamarck and Dec an dolle confider all the Opuntia as one 
fpecies, con {riling of many varieties, which are at leaft not to be 
diftinguifhed by the characters hitherto given. 

Our drawing was made from a plant communicated by 
Mr. Haworth, in Auguil i8n. The fruit was added in 
the following year. 



C 1558 ] 

Spermacoce strigosa. Cross-wort 

■ »»♦♦ »♦♦»»»$♦♦♦♦♦$ f ♦ ■ 

Claps and Order. 
Tetrandria Monogynia. 
Generic Character. 
Cor. l-petala infundibuliformis. Sem. 2, 2-dentata. 

Specific Cbaracler and Synonyms. 

SPERMACOCE Jlrigofa; foliis bra£teifque oblongo-ovatis hif- 

pidis,petiolis amplexicaulibus,ftipulisereclis ciliatis, floribus 

capitatis, ftaminibus exfertis. 
SPERMACOCE jlrigofa. Herbar. Bankf. 
CRUCIANELLA hijpida. Mill. DiB. 4. Ed. Martin. 7. 
RUBEOLA americana hirfuta Parietarise foliis, floribus um- 

bellatis purpureis. Ex Houjloni Mjf. in Mujeo Bankjiano affer- 

vatis. p. 186. 

This plant was found in the Ifland of Cuba, by Mr. John 
Fraser, and feeds of it were brought to this country and 
cultivated at the nurfery in Sloane-Square, where our drawing was 
niade lafb year. The fame fpecies was found by Dr. Houston 
m Vera Cruz, who fent feeds to Mr. Philip Miller, by 
whom it was inferted in the eighth edition of his Dictionary, 
under the genus Crucian el la. 

SpERMAcocEy?ng-0/tf, though not very fhowy, is by far the 
"andfomeft fpecies of the genus that we have feen ; and no 
figure of it, as we believe, has been before publiflied. 

The Englifh name of Button-Weed, applied to this genus, 
does not at all accord with our fpecies ; but the globular white 
heads of Spermacoce verticillata, not very unlike the double 
flowers of Ranunculus aconiiifolius, called by Gerard 
Batchelor's Buttons, probably fuggefted the appellation. 

Being a native of the Well-Indies, is too tender to be pre- 
served through the winter without a hot-houfe, but may be 
Seated as a tender annual, and raifed by fowing the feeds on a 
«ot-bed early in the fpring ; it mult however be brought very 
forward in order to ripen feeds in this country. 

1 if Tin;, 

C J 559 ] 


f »f y f f $ f t'yf f t»$ »f» 

Moncecia Hex (f. Pent)andria. Polygamia Monce- 
cia. Xflwi, Hexandria Monogynia. Perfoon. 

Generic Characler. 

Cor. (fupera, fundo ftaminigera, G.) profunde bipartita, 
lobo fuperiore et exteriore 5-dentato, inferiore et interiore 

COrdatO COncaYQ, Germ, oblongum ; flylus cylindraccus ; Jligma 

capitatum 6-radiatum. Bacca cucumerina loculis et feminibus 
ob pulpam evanidis. Flares in fpadice terminates, fpathis per- 
fiftentibus te£ti, 5-andri, filamento fexto fterili et germine 
abortivo; cseteriomnes frugiferi et i-andri, filamentis 5 fterilibus. 
Caulis herbaceus ajjurgens vaginis foliorum longi funis tekus ; (folia 
alterna vaginantia, juniora convolute nervo longitudinali medio fimplici 
emittente utrinque nervos innumeros parallelos ,-) Jpadix folitarius 
cernuus g (fiores fingidi fpathacei^ juxta fpadicem e mediisfoliis ortum 
f^iatimdifpofiti^fafciculisalttrnisetjpathaceis.) Juff. Gen. PI. 61. 

Specific Cbaracler and Synonyms. 

MUSA coccinea ; fpadice androgyne-, numerofo, fparfo, ovato- 
fpicato, bratteatim fpathaceo, imbricato-fafciato, erefto, 
fpathis magnis univalvibus, coccineis, lanceolato-cymbi- 
formibus, perfiftentibus, ima nunc phyllodi-excrefcente, 
inferioribus unifloris fcemineis, fuperioribus bifloris maf- 
culis; floribus feflilibus inclufis ; femituis germine fertilr, 
ftaminibus 5 caftratis, folis, ftylo brevioribus, ftigmatibus 
trinis lobato-laminatis uno majore tridenticulato j mafculis 
germine abortivo, ftaminibus 5 fertilibus corollas fubifo- 
metris, folis, filamenris Iinearibus planis, antheris adnatis 
introrfis, ftylo graciliori triquetro-filiformi, ftigmatibus 
diminutis replicatis ob indu&um vifcum in unum com- 
preffum obfeure trilobum conglobatis ; corolla equitanter 
convoluta, comprefie tubulofa, difformi-bilabiata ; lacinia 
exteriore oppofttam involvente, -tola ftaminigera, spice 
recurvata truncato - quinquedentata dentibus lateralibus 


corniculo (ante anthefin pro retinaculo ad retinendam laciniam 
interiorem hijerviente) appendiculatis ; interiore parum bre- 
viore ovato-oblonga concava ; bacca oblonga, comprcfla, 
hinc gibba inde plana, coriaceo-fungofa, 3-loculari, fub 
cortice vifco limpido tenaciflimo fcatente ; feminibus (qua 
coram habuimus finapeos minora ; reflius rudimenta J numero- 
fis, fecundum angulum internum fingulorum loculorum 
gemina ordine afiixis, in vifco limpido nidulantibus. G. 

MUSA coccinea. Roxburgh PL Corom. MS. cum tab. pel. hied. 
Tab. pitl. natural! minor, piclore Chinenfi Cantoni effigiata, in 
Muf. Bank/. Bot. Repof. tab. 47. Lil. a Redout % tab. 307, 
308. Perfoon Syn. 1. 343. IVilld. Hort. Berol. en. 1026. 
6> PL 4. 895. 

MUSA uranofcopos. Loureiro. Fl. Cochinch. 645 ; nee tamen Rum- 
phii ; ut ille et nuperius Martyn (in Mill. DiB. afeipfo editojub 
Musa Troglodytarum) volunt. 

Desc. Stem three to four feet high, about the diameter of a 
man's wrift, fheathed by long convolute petioles ; leaves about 
three feet long, with an oblong entire blade about five inches 
broad, few, diftant, divergent, terminal ones extending beyond 
the inforefcence, which is 6 — 10 inches long; fpathes tipped 
with yellow, three to four inches long, gradually decreafing ; 
corolla green-reddiih yellow, an inch in length, with the diameter 
of a large quill ; berry about two inches long, according to 
Loureiro fcarlet and not eatable. Like the reft of its family) 
dies after fruftificatinn, and is continued by fuckers from the 
root. Native of China and Cochinchina. Dr. Roxburgh 
fays that it is cultivated as an exotic in the Botanic Garden at 
Calcutta, where it rarely produces perfect feed, any more than 
with us in Europe. We could find no traces of a fixth fertile 
flamen in the female corolla, nor of a fixth fterile one in the 
male. Loureiro is the firfl who has defcribed the fpecies, 
but is miftaken in his fynonyms, as is Dr. Martyn as to the plant 
that writer intended. The fertile ftigma is erroneoufly repre- 
fented both in the diflections given in Dr. Roxburgh's drawing 
and in the plate of the Botanift's Repofitory. Requires to be 
kept in the bark-bed of a ftove, where it flowers from Chriftmas 
to March. Said to have been introduced into this country by 
Mr. Evans, of Stepney, in 1792. We are obliged to Lord 
Stanley for the fpecimen from which.our drawing was made. 


C *5 6 ° ] 

Allium Ampeloprasum (/3.) Purple 

Cape Garlick. 

4 ft ft ft 4t jgg p ft j j i ft ft ft ft ft ft 4MhM» 

Generic Charafler. — /7<& JV0. 1420. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

ALLIUM Ampeloprqfum ; (capitatum g corolla e minoribus ; flam. 
alierna %-cufpidata >) bulbo bafi multipara; foliis paucis 
(4 ?), longius fiftulofo-vaginantibus ftriatis nervis fca- 
bridis, inde ligulato - attenuatis, remote bifariamque 
alternatis, carinatis, glaucis, deorfum margine ferrulate 
ciliatis ; fcapo altiori, ftri&iufculo, tereti-gracilefcente, ultra 
medium vaginato ; fpatha univalvi, ovato acuminata, prope 
bafin abrupto-abfcedente ; umbella numerofa, congefto- 
globofa, pedicellis centralioribus flore pluries longioribus ; 
corolla hexapetalo- partita, ovato -campanulata ; laciniis 
asquilongis, extimis ovato-oblongis cavulis obtufulis carina 
dorfi ferrulato-exacuta, int»mis latioribus ellipticis apice 
rotundatis; ftaminibus contiguo-conniventibus, exterioribus 
planis fubulatis corollam aequantibus, interioribus duplo 
lauorftu^ TireintTTHnacmsf txrfpWifcrory cxicrtis ftcrilibus la- 
terum citius exarefcentibus ; germine biformi, rhombeo- 
ovato, fupra obtufe conico fexftriato, infra turbinato-trigono 
faciebus cavulis fmgulifque margine prominula porum lljlla 
rofcidum fovente arcuato-circumfcriptis ; ftylo breviori, 
fetaceo; ftigmate fubcapitellato ; capful is cbartaceis, rugu- 
loiis, obtufe ovato-trigonis, corolla perbftente inclulis ; 
feminibus paucis, ereclis, oblongatis, dorfo curvatis, con- 
vexulis, introrfum in aciem compreflis. G. 

(«.) major, fuborgyalis, flore pallido. G. 

ALLIUM Ampeloprafum. Linn. Sp. PL ed. 2. 1. 423. Smith 
Eng. Bot. tab. 1657. Flor. Brit. I. 355. Prod. Flor. Grac. 
Sibthorp. 1. 221. Brotero Flor. Lufit. 1. 540. Willd. Sp. PI. 
2. 63. Hort. Kew. ed. 2. 2. 232 ; (exclufo pa£im citato Micheli.) 
■Nobis fupra No. 1385; exclufa varietate ejus loci cum 
fynon. ex PI. Rar. Hung. ; rectius arenarii non bulbiferi, 
quod fupra in nota N L 1408 monuimus. G. 

ALLIUM radice fobolifera, foliis gramineis, fpica fphserica, 
ftaminibus alterne trifidis. Hall. Helv, n. 121 8. 


ALLIUM ftaminibus alterne rrifidis, folds gramineis, floribus 

fphaerice congeftis, radice fobolifera. Hall. Opufc. 344. n. 5. 

de AIL n. 5. 
SCORODOPRASUM. I. Ouf. Hijl. 190. 
Porros bravos. Lujitanis. 
((3.) minor, ftibtripedalis ; flore fuaveolente, laete purpureo- 

rubente. G. 
ALLIUM Ampeloprqfum. Thunb. Prod. Fl. Capenf. 65. 
ALLIUM rubicundum. Herbar. Bank/, : exemplar a Majfono ad 

Prom. Bon<e Spei leBum* 

The prefent plant differs from that which we have given iff 
No. 1385, chiefly in being throughout greatly inferior in fize, 
and in having bright purple flowers which are very fragrant. 
That is native of the fouthern parts of Europe, and hardy ; this 
of the Cape of Good Hope, from whence the plant now figured 
was fent by Mr. Niven to Meffrs. Lee and Kennedy of 
Hammerfmith, who cultivated it in their greenhoufe, where it 
blooms about July. A fpecimen, gathered by Mr. Masson at 
the Cape, is depofited in the Bankfian Herbarium, under the 
title of rubicundum, where it is confidered as diftincl from Am- 
peloprqfum ,• but fince we can detett no other differences than 
thofe above noticed, we have recorded it as a variety of that 
fpecies. Thunberg has given it as Ampeloprajum in his Pro- 
dromus of the Cape Flora. The leaves decay before the period 
of flowering is pafl, while their lower hltular portion becomes 
dry, and /heaths the ftem in that ftate beyond its middle. 
The umbel, when dried in a fheltered place, preferves the fine 
colour of the corollas long after the feed has dropped from the 
capfules, which are white and lie within the flower, where they 
expand themfelves, giving to that the appearance of being 
double, or of a coloured calyx to a white corolla. Produces 
offsets and feed in abundance, by which it is propagated- 
In a note at the end of the article in No. 1408, we have directed 
the variety j3 of No. 1385 to be expunged, along with the 
fynonym from Wai.dstein and Kit aib el's work on the rare 
Hungarian plants, as belonging to arenarium, of which it feero> 
to be a non-bulbiferous variety ; the fame correction fhould be 
made in the fecond edition of the Hortus Kewenfis. G* 



[ i5& 3 
Pancratium calathinum. White Brasil 


» j» ft » jr f f » » » j » » » » » * » »j 

Generic Character. — £?d? A r o. 1419. 

Specific Charatlcr and Synonyms. 

PANCRATIUM calathinum ; (umbella peaici (2 — 3) flora g corona 
e majorihus ; ) foliis paucis (4?), bifariis, Iongius fiftulofo- 
vaginantibus, inde anguftius convoluto-loratis, explanandis, 
nervofo-ftriatulis, obtufis; fcapo compreffo-ancipiti, flriato; 
fpatha lanceolata, fphacelata; germine feflili, fubovato, 
obfolete trigono angulis rotundatis, lsevi, indefinite poly- 
ipermo ; corolla nutanti-hypocrateriformi ; tubo ereclo, 
rotundate, trigono, ftriato j limbo nutanti, ftellato, laciniis 
lineari-lanceolatis, anguftis, concaviufculis ; corona illis 
quarta circiter breviori, tota libera, turbinata, fexlobato- 
niTa, fifluris ftaminigeris ; ftaminibus fubinclufis, incurvo- 
conniventibus ; filamentis tereti-fubulatis, coronze fifluras 
aequantibus ; antheris verticalibus, appenfis, vibratilibus, 
filamento fere Iongioribus; flylo corollam aequantc, tri- 
quetro-filiformi, afTurgente, fupra viridi ; ftigmate obfolete 
trifido, depreifo. G. 

PANCRATIUM calathiforme. lil. a Redoulc, tab. 353. 

(*•) tubus lacinias fubaequans; coronas lobi rotundati, denticulato- 
erofi. G. Ex RedouUo. 

(3.) tubus laciniis brevior ; finguli coronze lobi in finum latum 
et profundum margine laciniato erofum cornu utroque 
fubulato-extenfo excifi. G. Ex nojlro fpecimine. 

Desc. Bulb tunicate, about the fize of a middling apricot ; 
leaves growing out ultimately to near the length of two feet and 
a half, when flattened lefs than an inch in breadth; flowers ex- 
ceedingly fragrant, white, about three inches long, expanding in 
faccceffion with intervals of from ten to fourteen days ; tube and 
u Pper part of the fiyle green. The fpecies approaches in habit 


the neareft to Pancratium Amancaes (fee No. 1220 of this 
work) of any other of the genus yet known to us. 

We are informed that bulbs of this plant were received, to- 
gether with many others, from the Brafils, by Lady Amelia 
Hjume, in the year 1796. We are obliged to Sir Abraham 
Hume for the prefent fpecimen. In that gentleman's hot-houfe, 
at Wormleybury, the plant blooms every year, in March and 
April. Monf r Redoute, who has figured and defcribed (he 
fpecies, tells us, that it is cultivated in the celebrated collection 
of Monf r Cels, at Paris ; and that the place of its fpontaneous 
abode is unknown. His fpecimen, judging from the figure, 
was ftronger and more perfect than the one we received. G. 





J^tsh tyS far&r MfaAv. 

[ 15&2 ] 

Neottia picta. Spotted-leaved 

C/^/5 a»</ Onfcr. 
Gynandria Diandria. SLtafli. (reclius Mosandria). 

Generic Charatler. 

^ C&r. 5-petala, ringens, petalis exterioribus lateralibus antice 
circa bafin labelli ventricofam connexis. Antbera ftylo acuminate* 
parallela poftice inferta. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

NEOTTIA pitta / foliis ovatd-lanceolatis maculatis, fcapo 

longiflimo, corollis ereclis galeatis, neclario fpathulato 

apice revoluto. 
NEOTTIA acaidis ; floribus feflilibus folitariis axillaribus. 

Smith Exot. Bot. t. 105. 
ARETHUSA pitta. Anderfon Trarrf. of the Soc. of Arts. v. 25. 

P- *99- 

Desc. Leaves all radical, ereft: at firft, then fpreading, ovate- 
lanceolate, narrowed towards the bale, quite entire, ieven- 
nerved, fmooth on the upper furface with pale (Ireaks along the 
courfe of the nerves and oval or irregular fpots fcattered about, 
roughifh on the under fide from minute glandular excrefcences. 
Scape ftraight, three feet high, three or four times longer than 
the leaves, rounded, pubel'cent at the upper part, covered with 
alternate brakes, which embrace the Item half round, and narrow 
regularly from the bale to a fharp point. Flowers grow in a 
l°ng fpike at the upper part of the Icape, alternate, one in the 
a *il of each bracle, erect, green and hairy on the outfide, 
fmooth and whitifh within. Pedicle fhort, twi (ted. Germen very 
J^rge, incurved, ftriate at the back part and bellied towards the 
°ale. Corolla ringent, the three external laciniae nearly equal : 
l he two lower ones oblique, recurved; upper one erect, united 
to the two internal laciniae, and with them forming the helmet. 


Nefiary (lahellum oF Swart z) fpathular-fhaped, veined, tliree- 
lobed, revolute at the point, the lower part embracing and 
united with the fide of the column. The neclary is internally 
continued very nearly to the bafe of the germen, where it 
aclually terminates in a double fpur, though perfectly concealed 
within the covering of the germen j fo that a tranfverfe feclion 
of the germen fhews two cavities, the one containing the young 
feeds, inferted into three parietal receptacles, the other filled in 
part with a honied juice. A longitudinal feclion of the flower 
down to the bafe of the germen fiiows the cavity of the neclary 
in front of that of the true feed-veffel contracted towards the 
bottom, where it is fomewhat hairy; and immediately below 
this contracted part it divides, and terminates in a double fpur. 
The ilyle terminates in a point crowned with a moveable purple 
hood, into which, in an advanced ftate of the flower, the united 
pedicles of the pollen mailes are inferted. 

The flower is fragrant, fmelling fomething like lemon, with 
a flight mixture of mufk. 

This very curious and rare plant of the Orchis tribe, native 
of the Ifland of Trinidad, was fent by Dr. Anderson to 
Mr. Evans, of Stepney, feven or eight years ago, under the 
name of ARETHUSA/>icZt?. It flowered the year after, but in 
fo defective a manner that it produced no fcape, the flowers 
growing intermixed with the leaves in a Angular manner, which 
induced Dr. Smith to give it the name oiacaulis. 

Our drawing and defcription were taken from a plant com- 
municated by Mr. Kent, of Clapton, in April laft, which was 
originally an offset from Mr. Evans's, and is therefore de- 
cidedly the fame as the acaulis of the Exotic Botany. 

We had a drawing of this fpecics taken, in the ipring of the 
year 1812, at Mefirs. Lee and Kennedy's Nurfery, but not 
having had an opportunity of feeing the plant, we were not at 
that time aware of its being the Neotti a acaulis of Dr. Smith. 

Requires to be kept in the bark flove. Propagated by offsets. 
Flowers in April and May. 

f'ui iyvC Cvr&rWa/wi - 

[ 1563 ] 

Aster argophyllus. Musk-scented 

Oafs and Order. 
Syngenesia Superflua. 

Generic Characler. 

Recepi. nudum. Pappus (implex. Cor. radii plures 10. CaL 
imbricati fquamae inferiores patulae. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

ASTER argophyllus ; fruticofus, foliis ovato-lanceolatis crenato- 
dentatis fubtus albo-fericeis, paniculis compofitis axillaribus, 
ramis tomentofis, radio 3 — 5-floro. 

ASTER argophyllus; fruticofus, foliis ovato-lanceolatis dentatis 
fubtus albo-fericeis, paniculis compofitis axillaribus, radiis 
ternis. Labill. Nov. Holl. p. 52. /. 201. Perfoon Syn. 2. 
P- 441. Hort. Kezv. ed. alt. v. 5. p. 48. inedit. 

Frefli flowering fpecimens of this plant were kindly communi- 
cated to us, by Mr. Handscomb, of Newport- Pagnel, Buck- 
*nghamfhire, on the id of May laft, who informs us that they 
vere taken from a fine fhrub nine or ten feet in height, which 
had been at that time nearly a month in full flower. 

Thriving plants of this Aster have for fome years been to be 
ken in feveral collections about town ; and are much admired for 
the delicate fcent of raufk, which the leaves retain for a long 
time after they are dried, as well as when recent. 

We received a prefent of a very fine fhrub of this kind 
from Mr. Knight, of the Exotic Nurfery, King's-Road, fome 
«ime fince, but it mewed no figns of flowering, and with us 
foon loft, its fcent, probably from having the powder which 
ufually covers the upper furfacc of the leaves rubbed off; for 
t0 this fubflance the mulky odour appears to be confined. We 


have not heard of this fhrub having bloflbmed in this country 
before the prefent year. M. Labillardiere defcribes the 
flower as having three rays, in our cultivated fpecimens there 
were almoft conftantly five. 

Native of Van Diemen's Ifland, where it grows to a fmall 
tree, the wood of which, as we are informed by Mr. Brown, 
is remarkably hard. Should be kept in the greenhoufe. Pro- 
pagated by cuttings. Introduced, according to Mr. Aiton, 
in 1804, by Meffrs. Lee and Kennedy. 


,W,/ Hi/m-trM/mb-l W. I 


[ 1564 ] 
Gladiolus hastatus. The Spade-Corn- 


f * ♦♦♦. * ♦ M ♦ »M » M,»M 

Clqfs and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia^ 

Generic Character, 

Infer, alterna, difticho-fpicata, pauci-multiflora, fpalhis fin- 
gulatim interftinftabivalvibus oblongo-}anceolati.s,valva exteriorc 
oppofitam fimilem anguftiorem convoluto-comple&ente. Cor. 
lupera, tubulofa, fexfida, infundibuiiformi- irregularis, tubo 
erefto, gracili, in faucern brevem tnrbinatam f. cylindrico- 
elongatam ampliato, limbo fexpartito, campanulato-bilabiato, 
lubasquali divaricato-ringente f. inasqualiffimo labio fummo 
porreclo. Fil. ori tubi impofita, collaterali-afcendcntia, inclufa. 
Anih. lineari-oblongae, antrorfura a dorfo verticali-penfiles, vi- 
bratiles. Stylus decurfu ftaminum, triquetro-filiformis. Stipn. 
3j lamellofa, obverfe attenuata, conduplicato-explicanda, di- 
vergentia. Cap/, membranacea, ovato-oblonga, obtufe trigona, 
3-loc, 3-valv., valvis medio feptigeris. Sent, numerofa, gemino 
ordine in loculis imbricata, interns fepti margini utrinque 
annexa, obovato-orbiculata, mcmbranofo-alata, nucleo parvo 
cardlagiueo. G. 

Obs. Bulbo-tubcr cvato-glohfum, plexibus membranaceo-fbrofs texiura 
tt craffuie magnopere vuriantibus tedium, rarius fubnudutn ; folia duo-plura, 
cr ' ll 'iterah-dijHcba> infra vaginantia tt vagina radicali cincla, Lmina 
'"fata, rarius decufato-quadrangula, modo utrinque bifuka, interdum carti- 
la g>n trajfa margtnata ; caulis cubnaceus, fapiusjhiplex, teres, nunc jub- 
"Wimtriqueter. In Gladiolo fegetum hi''- Jupernris 719 (quern > 
^ biota ad A* uw - 1267 ejje G. imbricatum Linnai monuimus) nucleus 
Jtminum major et parva puipa obvolutus integumentum externum adeo explet ut 
Me obliteretur ala ; bine -encre fun abiudens Anthol yzas et Babianas 
"Pproximat. G. 

Specif c Characlcr and Synonyms. 

GLADIOLUS hafatus ; foliis radicalibus binis, divaricate 
divergentibus, gramineo-cniatis, iiriatis, uno Utiore caule 


funplici parum breviore, 1 — 2 .caulinis brevibus ; {pica 
remdtius bi-triflora, inflexione fecunda ; valva fpathae 
extima longiore, tubum cum fauce floris plurimum exfu- 
petante, quam limbus breviore ; corolla ere&o-nutante, 
infundibuliformi-ringente, parum ineequalij tubo ereclo 
in brevem et late turbinatam faucem exeunte ; limbo 
his fimul longiore, nutante, ex campanulato indiftinc- 
tius bilabiato, recurvato-divaricante, laciniis aequilongis, 
media fumma oblongo-lanceolata lateralibus elliptico- 
lanceolatis fubanguftiore, media ima elliptico-lanceolata 
lateralibus fuis fpathulato-oblongis acuminatis latiore; 
ftaminibus limbo bis vel ultra brevioribus. G. 

GLADIOLUS haftatus. Jhunb. Prod. 185 ; et in Ail. Soc. Hijl. 
Nat. Hqfn. v. 6. Fab! Enum. 2. 86. n. 18 ; (a nobis in Spec. 
Emm. in No. 992 minus reBe pro fynonymo Gladioli 
involuti datus.) G. 

GLADIOLUS trif.is. 0. haRatus. Tbunb. Diff. de Glad. n. 8. 

Nearly allied to the Gladiolus hlandus of the prefent work 
(fee N' s - 625, 645, and 648); but differs by having a propor- 
tionately longer and very unequally valved fpathe, a broader 
lower middle fegment to the corolla, as well as by the remarkable 
haftate honeymark on each of the lower lateral fegments of that; 
the refemblance in the form of which to the figure of a fpade on 
playing-cards, feems to have fuggefted the Englifh gardener's 
iper fie name. Rootjbeaib gseeaift white fpotted with purple; 
/km about a foot high j broadeft leaf about the third of an inch 
acrofs ; corolla about two inches and a half high, pinkifh white, 
redden on the outfide ; honeymark (nedlarojiigma) on each lower 
lateral fegment, large, nearly central in the lamina, cordate- 
haRate, yellow with a narrow fomewhat radiant border of a 
violet colour, from the finus at the bafe of which a fixnilarly 
coloured ftripe is continued to the mouth of the tube. Native 
of the Cape of Good Hope. Formerly imported into our 
gardens from Holland ; now rarely met with in them. We are 
obliged to the Hon. W. Herbert for the fpecimen from which 
our drawing lias been taken. Blooms in April and May. & 


In No. 992, Spec. Enum. verfo folio 1. 2, dele verba " ** 
u y&que hjtflams, Vahl I. c. 86. ». 18." 


fy/rZctxtBrt/sZtel. />„} iy f CmrHr tVa/n-ert/, futy f. ff/3. ?/"»/<"" 

[ *5 6 5 ] 

Muscari moschatum(/3.) flavum. Yellow 


Generic Character. — Fide No. 734, et No. 1185, verf. fol. circa 

fin. pag. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

MUSCARI mofchatum ; bulbo ovato ; foliis pluribus, ambienter 
divergentibus, lanceolato - ligulatis, convoluto - concavis, 
obtufiufculis, glaucefcentibus, fcapum fubaequantibus ; ra- 
cemo multifloro, laxe fpicato ; pedicellis flore pluries 
brevioribus ; braclea fimplici, minuta, lacera ; corolla 
horizontali-nutante, ventricofo-oblongata, obfcure trigona, 
ore anguftiffime conftritlo, limbo minuto fexcrenato-rotato, 
membranula inclufa lacera coronato, citius emarcido; 
filamentis corolla fubduplo brevioribus, alterne longioribus; 
ftigmate obfolete trifido, capitato-trigono. G. 

MUSCARI mofchatum. Nobis fupra No. 1185, verf. fol. Jub cake 
prfg. t et No. 734, ubi fynonyma; quibus adjiaas ,• 

MUSCARI ambrofiacum. Ld. a Redout e, tab. 132. 

HYACINTHUS Mufcari. Schkurb. handb. tab. 96. Hort.Kew. 
ed. 2. 2. 283. 

MUSCHI-RUMI. Tunis. Jacinthe moufcade. Bartholdy Voy. 
en Grice 2. 103. Paris 1807. 

W corolla macrior, e rubido cincrafcens. G. Supra No. 734. 

(?•) corolla obefior, e rubido flavefcens. G. 

In No. 734 of this work (to which place we refer for the 
general fynonymy and account of the fpeciesj we have men- 
tioned a yellow variety, known among the Dutch Florifts by 
the appellation of ' T'tbcadi Mufcari ,• this we believe the prefent to 
De - It is copioufly defcribed by Parkinson, and feems to 
have been well known in the Englifh gardens of his day ; but 
till now, we have never ken, nor ever heard of its being in any 
°ne of the prefent. This variety exceeds x as much in fragiance 
a s in appearance. The fpecimen from which our drawing was 


made, had been fent from Condantinople to Meflrs. Whitley 
& Co. by Mrs. Li st on, the lady of the Britifh ambaffador 
to the Porte, and flowered with them in April laft. 

In the fymbolic language of the flowers (a mean, as we are 
told, by which the Turkiih females fometimes contrive to cor- 
refpond in fecret with their lovers) the prefent fpecies is 
faid by a recent traveller to bear a principal part : " fi une 
%i paffion fecrete vient a s'emparer du cceur d'une femme turque, 
c; aucune confideration de honte ou de danger ne fauroit la 
** retenir; et fi l'ignorance dans laquelle elle a ete elevee nelui 
*' permet pas d'ecrire, le bouquet de fleurs viendra a fon fecours, 
" et le Mit/chi-rumi) Jacinthe mufcade, (litteralement Mufc 
u cCEurope) qu'elle n'oubliera pas d y meler, equivaudra pour 
" l'heureux initie a ces mots ; " Je t'accorde tout." Bartboldy 
Voy. en Grece. Paris, 1807. G. 


Kb. 1553, verf.fil. /. 8. fro " gemina" lege " geraino." 

/ ,, 

[ 1566 ] 

Andromeda floribunda. Conical- 
flowered Andromeda. 

Oafs and Order. 

Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Col. 5 -partitus. Cor. ovata : ore 5 -fido. Cap/. 5-locularis, val- 
vulis diffepimento contrariis. 

Specific Charatler and Synonym. 

ANDROMEDA floribunda; foliis oblongo-ovatis acutis fcr- 
rulatis perennantibus, racemis compoiitis fecundis termina- 
libus, corollis conicis pentagonis cernuis. 

ANDROMEDA floribunda: glaberrima; foliis oblongo-ovatis 
acutis tenuiffime ferrulatis adpreflb-ciliatis glabris coriaceis, 
racemis fecundis axillaribus et terminalibus congefto- 
paniculatis, pedicellis bibracleatis. Purjb Fl. Bor.-Amer. 
p. 293. inedit. 

Descr. An ereQ. Jforub, with branches hairy and reddiftu 
Leaves evergreen, oblong-oval, minutely ferrulate, reticulately 
veined, underneath paler and, whilft young, clothed with fcattered 
blackifh brown hairs : petioles four times fhorter than the leaf, 
generally recurved, hairy, reddifh. Flowers terminal, nodding, 
in compound, fecund, cluftered-flowered racemes. Peduncles 
and pedicles pun&ate. Bracles fubulate, deciduous. Calyx two- 
thirds the iize of the corolla, ovate, acute, pale-green, puncl ate. 
Corolla milk-white, conical, five-angled : limb 5-cleft, fmall, ereft. 
Stamens 10 : filaments half the length of the ftyle : anthers bearded, 
or rather fpurred. Germen globular, furrounded at the bafe by 
fen glands : jlyle ereft : fligma torulofe. Its place in the fyftem 
is next to /alkifolia. 

We are informed by Mr. Lyons, that in its native country 
it grows to a large and very handfome fhrub, and is covered 
with a profuiion of flowers early in the fpring. The conical 
five-cornered flowers eafily diftinguifh it from every other known 
Species of Andromeda. 


JSloflbms in April ; but the flowers are formed in the autumn 
and remain unexpanded through the winter. Native of the moun- 
tains of Georgia. Introduced in 1811, by Mr. Lyon s, ai whofe 
repository our drawing was made before the fale in 1812. But 
the above defcription was taken from a living plant communicated 
the laM fpring by George Owen, Efq. Camberwell-Terrace. 

Propagated by cuttings. At preient is treated as a greenhoufe 
fhrub. Its being evergreen and the flowers exifting, though 
unopened, through the winter, will probably militate againft its 
being inured to our climate. 

•Wa/w, ■ 

C 1567 ] 

Dalibarda fragarioides. Strawberry- 
leaved Dalibarda. 

Clqfs and Order. 


Generic CbaracJer, 
Cal. 5-fidus. Petala 5. Semina exfucca. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

DALIBARDA fragarioides ; foliis ternatis, foliolis cuneatis 
ferrato-incifis calycis tubo obconico. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 
V- 3. p. 271. 

DALIBARDA fragarioides ; foliis ternatis crenato-Iobatis, pe- 
dunculis multifloris. Terfcon Synopf. 2. p. 53. 

DALIBARDA fragarioides ; foliis trifoliatis; foliolis brevibus, 
cuneatis, fuperne rotundatis, crenato-Iobatis, glabriufculis, 
ciliatis : pedunculis multifloris : calycis tubo acute ob- 
conico : filamentis ftaminum perfiftentibus, Michaux Flor. 
Bor.-Am. 1. p. 300. /. 28. 

E>escr. Stems creeping, bright red, hairy. Leaves ternate, 
on long channelled footfialks dilated and ciliated at the bafe : 
leaflets obovate, irregularly fawed and cut into lobes with ciliated 
e dg^ 5 fmooth, deep green, fading to a lurid colour. Peduncles 
axillary, longer than the petioles, bearing the flowers in a lax 
P a nicle, thinly haired. Braftes leaf-like, fimple, or eared at the 
Da fe. Calyx five-cleft: fegtnents fpreading, acute, hairy, tube 
top-fhaped. There is here and there a little fegment between 
the others, fhowing a dilpofmon to become ten-cleft. Corolla 
yellow : petals oblong-ovate, fcarcely equalling the calyx. Stamens 
™any : filaments fomewhat ftiorter than the petals, inferted into 
th e back of a flelhy ring within the tube of the calyx, perfiftent 


after the petals are fallen off. Germens globofe, in the plant 
before us always three : Jlyles ereft, filiform, longer than the 

A hardy perennial. Native of North-America. Introduced 
into the Kew-Garden, by Mr. George Don. The plant, 
from which our drawing and defcription were taken, was brought 
from America, by Mr. Lyons, and purchafed at his fale, by 
Mr. Kent, of Clapton, by whom it was kindly communicated 
to us. 



C 1568 ] 

Neottia cernua. Nodding-flowered 

Clqfs and Order. 
Monandria Diandria. Linn, (reclius MonandriaJ. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. 5-petaIa, ringens, petalis exterioribus Iateralibus antfce 
circa bafin labelli ventricofam connexis. Anthera ftylo acuminato 
parallela poftice inferta. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

NEOTTIA cernua; labello oblongo acuto, fpica dcnfa, floribus 

cernuis, foliis radicalibus linearibus, Swariz. Perfoon Syn. 2. 

>. 511. 
NEOTTIA cernua. mild. Sp. PL 4. p. 75. 
OPHRYS cernua; bulbis fafciculatis, caule foliofo, floribus 

cernuis, nectarii labio oblongo integro acuto. Linn. Sp. 

PI. 1340. Reich. 4. p. 22. Syjl. Veg. ed. 14, 1813. Mart. 

Mill. Ditt. n. 4. 
OPHRYS cernua ; foliis radicalibus lineari-oblongis obtufiuf- 

culis : fcapo alterne vaginofo, puberulo : fpica fpiraliter 

fubimbricata, pubefcente : ovariis ovatis; calycibus recli- 

natis. Michaux Fl. Bor.-Am. 2. p. 158. 
UMODORUM ? autumnale ; floribus majoribus, caule brae- 

teifque pubefcentibus, caule foliis obfito. (fpica Jerie duplici 
Jpirali) Walter . FL Carol, p. 221. 

Our drawing was made feveral years ago at Mr. Wood- 
ford's, of Belmont-Houfe, Vauxhall, from a plant purchaled 
by him from Mr. Lod dices, by whom it was introduced from 

Having miffed the opportunity of examining it at the time, 
and not having met with it in any colleBion in the neighbour- 
hood of London, nor feen any figure, we gladly availed ourfelves 


of die afliftance of Mr. Brown, to detect what fpecies our 
drawing reprefented. By a companion with the fpecimen in the 
Eankfian Herbarium, and with one in our own, collected by 
our friend, Mr. Menzies, in Nova-Scotia, we have no fu-fpi- 
cion of a mifnomer; though the undulation of the lip of the 
nectary, giving, in fome views of it, an appearance of its being 
divided into lobes, might at full fight millead, as this part is 
faid to be quite entire. 

There is a nearly-allied fpecies, the Ophrys aflivaUs of 
Mich At! x ; it is pollible therefore that, in our fynonymy, the 
two may have been fometimes confounded. 

Native of North -America, from Canada to Carolina. Flowers 
in September and O&ober. 

C ^9 1 

Cypripedium arietinum. Ram's-head 

*"* * * Mf •♦' j) [fr* * * * * ♦ i M' it 

Gynandria Dicynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. 4-petala (raro 5-petala) patens. Nefiarium ventricofum 
mflatum. Stylus fuperne lobo petaloideo appendiculatas. 

Specific Character and Synonym, 

CYPRIPEDIUM arietinum; caule foliofo, foliis lanceolatis 

amplexicaulibus, corollis pentapetalis. 
CYPRIPEDIUM arietinum. Brown inliort. Kew. vol. 5. inedit. 

Descr. Stem 4 — 6 inches high, covered with a foft pu- 
befcence. Leaves ufually, befides the floral one, 4, alternate, 
ftem-embracing, lanceolate, hollowed, many-nerved, fmooth, 
palifh-green on both fides. BraBe leaf-like, lanceolate, ereB, 
twice the length of the germen, which is incurved, angular, 
not twifted. Corolla 5-petaled. Petals lanceolate, unequal : 
upper one ere6t, broad-lanceolate, acuminate, three or four 
times larger than the reft : the other four nearly equal, 
linear-lanceolate, all lateral, incurved round the ne£tary, than 
^hich they are fhorter. Nectary or labellum coral-fhaped, white 
chequered with red, very woolly at the upper part. Intermediate 
filament (upper lip of the neftary, Linn.) flerile, round-fpoon- 
Jhaped, bifijlcate within the hollow ; fide filaments Ihort, anther- 
bearing : anthers ovate, whitifh : pollen white, globular. Style 
jncurved: ftigma flattened, circular, with afmall projedion point- 
^g downwards. 

In the Cypripediums which we have before figured, as in raoft 
of the genus, the two lower external petals are united together, 


and fland directly oppofite the upper one ; fo that the four petals 
ftand croflwife, which has been confidered as part of the generic 
chara&er : but in this fpecies, from the lower petals being 
feparate and diftant, the arrangement is quite different. 

The name of arietinum was given by Mr. Brown, from the 
refemblance which the flower, in fome pofitions, bears to the 
head of a flieep. 

Our drawing was taken in May 181 1, from a plant that 
flowered with Meffrs. Whitley, Brame and Milne; but 
as we had no opportunity of feeing the original, we could not 
publifh it, till we were enabled this fpring to examine living 
plants communicated by Meflrs. Chandler and Buckingham, 
of the Vauxhall Nurfery, who imported the roots laft year from 
Montreal in Canada. 

Requires the fame treatment as the other American Cypri- 

I / 

C 157° ] 

Rosa hispida. Hispid-stemmed Rose; 

Clafs and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Vetala 5. Cat. urceolatus, g-fidus, carnofus, collo coar&atus. 
Sm. plurima, hifpida, calycis interiori lateti affixa. 

Specific Characler and Synonym. 

ROSA hifpida • fruclibus globofis calycibufque glabris, aculeis 
ramorum fctaceis confertis, itipulis linearibus. 

ROSA pimpinellifolia. Pallas Fl. Rofs. pars 2. p. 62. t. 76. t vix 

The hifpid -ftemmed Rofe has been in the Apothecaries-Garden 
at Chelfea very many years, and we find a fpecimen of the fame 
ln the Bankfian Herbarium from the late Dr. Wm. PiTcairn'i 
garden in Iflington, in the year 1781. 

It appears to us to be probably only a variety of the Rosa 
punpttiellifolia of Pallas, though of lefs humble growth, grow- 
ln g upright four or five feet high. Thcjlem is thickly covered 
with ftraight thorns, fo (lender as hardly to be capable of wound- 
ln g the hand ; Germen globular and quite fmooth ; fegments of * 
tpe calyx entire, confiderably fhorter than the petals ; Jlipules 
"near and long, attached almoft the whole of their length to the 
Petiole, the detached extremities minutely glandular-ferrate; 
petioles armed here and there with a minute thorn, as are fome- 
times the midribs of the leaflet ; peduncles generally quite fmooth, 
flowers folitary, of a pale yellow colour; anthers deep yellow, 
Jar ge, moon-fhaped. 

The Rosa Kamchatka of Ven ten at, has a good deal of 
affinity with our plant, but the flowers are red, and the leaves 
m °re obovate and truncate at the tip. 

It is perfectly hardy. Its native country not certainly known, 
Probably Siberia. 

What Linn^us really meant by his Rosa pimpinellifolia has 
[?ot been fatisfaaorily explained, nor whether it be really diftinQ 
^om Rosa fpinojijfima % 

A '■'/■>, 

r 1571 3 

Menziesia ferruginea (0). Carolina 



Generic Charatler. 

Cal. l-phyllus. Cor. l-petala. Filamenta receptaculo inferta. 
Cap/, fupera, quadrilocularis ; diffipimenta e marginibus inflexis 

Specific CharaEler and Synonyms. 

MENZIESIA ferruginea s floribus foliifque terminalibus fafci- 
culatis obovato-lanceolatis planis fubtus lsevibus. Jujfieu in 
Annaies du Muf. a" Hi/1. Nat. t. 1. ^.55. Perfoon Synopf. 1. 
P- 419. 

MENZIESIA ferruginea. Smith Ic. inedit. 56*. Willd. Sp. PI 
2 \P- 355- Lam. III. t. 285. 

(<*•) foliis obovato-lanceolatis. 

((3.) foliis ovatis obtufioribus, corollae tubo globofo. 

MENZIESIA ghbularis. Salijb. Parad. Lond. 44. Hort. Kew. 
edit. alt. v. 2. p. 360. 

The genus Menziesia was firft eftablifhed by Dr. Smith, 
|B his Icones hatlenus inedita^ in commemoration of our worthy 
friend, Mr. Archibald Menzies, the firft difcoverer of the 
P^nt, on the north-weft coaft of America. Michaux found 
what he confidered to be the fame fpecies in Carolina and 
Georgia, which Mr. Salisbury, in the Paradifus Londinenfis, 
has given as diftincl, under the name of Menziesia ghbularis. 
tfpon a careful examination of fpecimens from both countries, 
we cannot find any characters fufficient to found a fpecific 
diftinaion upon. 


The plant we have figured was brought from Carolina, by 
Mr. Fraser, of Sloane-Square, and, atfirff. fight, feems to differ 
from the figure given by Dr. Smith, in having broader and 
blunter leaves, terminated with a large yellowifh gland; but we 
have dried fpecimens taken from the fame flirub, in which the 
leaves refemble thole in Dr. Smith's figure, and the gland at the 
point is fhrunk fo much as not to be very obfervable. The 
fame gland at the point of the leaf is vifible in Mr. Menzies's 
own fpecimens, with a fight of which we have been obligingly 
favoured. In both, the leaves are hairy on the upper furface 
and naked underneath, except a few ftrong briftles along the 
midrib, which in the living plant grow from a gland fimilar to 
that at the point of the leaf, but much fmaller. Of the form o^ 
the corolla nothing certain can be faid until the flowers oi' both 
fhall have been examined in a recent (late. 

Upon the whole, we fcarcely think that there is any ground 
for confidering thefe plants as entitled to be diftinguifhed a even 
as varieties. 


C *572 1 
Convolvulus Jalapa. The true Jalap. 

Clqfs and Order. 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. 

Cor. campanula, plicata. Stigmata 2. Cap/, bilocularis ; 
locuhs difpermis. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

wNVOLVULUS Jalapa; foliis cordatis repandis integris 
lobatifve fubtus Janatis, pedunculis 1 — 3-floris, pedicellis 
petiolifque biglandulofis, femine lanigero. 

CONVOLVULUS Jalapa; caule volubili, foliis ovatis fub- 
cordatis obfolete repandis fubtus villofis, pedunculis uni- 
floris. Hort. Kew. 1. p. 211. ed. alt. up. 332. Mild. St. 
PI. up. 860. 

CONVOLVULUS Jalapa; caule volubili, tuberculofo ; foliis 
cordato-ovatis, fubrugofis, fubtus villofis, integris aut 
lobatis; pedunculis uni- vel multifloris; filamentis bafi 
tomentofis ; femine lanigero. Desfont. in Annales da Muf. 
d'Hijl. Nat. 2. p. 126. /. 40. et 41. 
IPOJVICEA macrorbiza; radice craffiffima; foliis fubtus tomen- 
tofis, cordatis, fimplicibus lobatifque, plicatis: pedunculis 
fubunifloris: calycis foliolis ovalibus muticis: corolla alba 
grandi : feminibus prolixe lanuginofis. Michaux Fl. Bor.-Am, 

x ' P- 1 4 1 ' 

1 POMCEA Jalapa; pubefcens; foliis cordatis integris lobatif- 
que plicato rugofis, pedunculis 1 — 3-floris, foliolis calycis 
ovalibus muticis, corollis campanulatis, feminibus prolixe 
lanuginofis, radice craffiffima. Pur/b FL Bor.-Am. p. 126. 

*•£ V&AI JALAPE. Regnault Botan. fine flore. 

For the opportunity afforded us of giving a figure of this 
Werefting plant, we are indebted to A.B. Lambert, Efq. who 


raited it from feeds received from Mexico, and communicated 
fine flowering fpecimens in February laft from his Hove at 

Mr. Pursh fufpe6led that it was the fame plant as Michaux 
had defcribed under the name of Ipomcea macrorhiza, of which 
he had received from Georgia both roots and feeds ; and this 
fufpicion he has fince verified, by comparing it with a fpecimen 
from that country, from which it differs only in the colour of 
the flowers. On feeing the defcription and figure of the Jalap, 
by Desfontaines, in the Annales du Mufeum d'Hiftoire 
Naturelle, he was agreeably furprized to find that this was the 
fame fpecies. 

The Jalap was carried from the neighbourhood of Vera Cruz to 
Jamaica, by Dr. Houston, with the hope of its being cultivated 
there, but was ncgleOed and loft. There is a fpecimen from 
Kew, in the Bankfian Herbarium, where it was cultivated in 
1778, being introduced from Paris, by M. Thou in. 

Seeds fent to Miller, by Dr. Houston, grew in the Apo- 
thecaries Garden, and the plant is defcribed in the 6th edition of 
the Gardiner's Dictionary, publifhed in 1733; but the leaves, 
probably from miflake, are there faid to be lmooth. 

This fpecies is confidered by Michaux and Pursh as an 
Ipomcea, from its large round ftigma, but it does not appear 
to us that the genus Convolvulus can be very well divided 
upon this ground ; for in this, and perhaps in every other 
analogous fpecies, the ftigma is in fome degree, though obfcurely, 

The Jalap loves a dry fandy or gravelly foil. The ftems 
perifii every year, but the root 'is permanent and not very im- 
patient of froft ; but, perhaps, the bed way of preferving the 
plant, would be to take up the roots as foon as the ftems perifh, 
and to keep them in dry land through the winter, planting them 
in a warm dry fituation in the fpring. 

t /.573. 


C !573 ] 

Mesembryanthemum testiculare (/3.) 
Yellow-flowered, round-leaved, Fig- 

•& % |h^ $ 4hM( &$%%%$%$ & ♦ -fc 


Generic Characler. 
Cal 5-fklus. Petahi numerofa lincaria, bafi cohasrentia. Cap/. 
carnofa, infera, polyfperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

MESEMBRYANTHEMUM tejlicidare s foliis albis fubovatis, 

fubtus convexis fupra planis, flore feflili. Haworth Succul. 

p. 205. 
{*.) corolla (alba?) foliis quatuor latioribus patentibus. Haw. I. c. 
MESEMBRYANTHEMUM tejliculare ; foliis quatuor decuf- 

fatis fupra planis- Hort. Kew. ed. 1. vol. 2. p. 181. ed. alt. 

v. 3. p. 214. Hatvortb. Mifcel. p. 24. Willd. Sp. PI. 2. 

p> 1026. 
(3.) corolla lutca, foliis minoribus (faepe fex) ereclioribus an- 

(y.) corolla lutea, foliis quatuor longioribus ereclioribus. Htto. 

(£) corolla rubicunda, foliis quatuor longioribus ereclioribus. 

Hazv. /. c. Jacq. Frag. p. 20. 73. /. a-f- 2. 

As in this genus the colour of the flowers is not very apt to 
v ary, it is doubtful whether the above varieties may not in 
reality be diftincl fpecies. With refpecl to the firft, however, it 
does not appear from what authority the corolla was fet down 
as white in the firft edition of A 1 ton's Hortus Kewenfis, and 
thence copied into other works, as it feems not to have flowered 


in the royal colle&ion prior to the publication of that work. It 
is therefore not improbable that the plant there mentioned may 
be the fame as the one we have here figured, which was com- 
municated by Mr. Haworth. Variety y, having yellow flowers, 
is probably not fpecifically different from our plant. For the 
laft, we have only the authority of Jacquin's figure in his 
Fragmenta, which was copied from a drawing taken from a native 
fpecimen at the Cape of Good-Hope, by Mr. George Scholl. 
This appears to differ fomewhat in the fhape of the leaves, and is 
altogether a larger plant, having purple flowers nearly two inches 
in diameter. 

How very rarely thefe plants produce bloffoms, may be 
gathered from a remark of Jacquin's, that of five individuals 
remaining out of upwards of two hundred raifed from feeds, and, 
at the time of his publication, eight years old, not one had fhewn 
any figns of flowering. 

Native of the Cape of Good-Hope. Requires to be kept 
in the dry ftove during the winter months. Propagated by 

C 1574 3 


♦ »♦»»» ♦♦<H*»*»*) j n J ift» 

Generic Charailer.— Vide N h - 663, 746, 918, 919, et 1185, 

verfo folio. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

oCILLA efculenta; bulbo tunicato, ovato-oblongo, membranis 
veftito; vagina radicali brevi; foliis paucis (3 ?), fafcicu- 
latis, ere&o-divergentibus, lorato-lanceolatis, ftri&iufculis, 
canaliculato-concavis, carinatis, interiore anguftiore ; fcapo 
altiori, ftri£io, tereti, foliolo bra6teaceo (nonnunquam forte 
pluribus!') infra racemum ftipato; racemo numerofo, fpicato, 
iparfoj laxo, divaricato; pedicellis flore fublongioribus, 
braftea fimplici fubaequali convoluta acuminata amplexis; 
corolla horizontal^ hexapetalo-partita, ftellata, laciniis 
lanceolatis, planis, prope bafin undulatis; ftaminibus parum 
brevioribus, ere&o-divergentibus ; filamentis immediate 
hypogynis, filiformibus, aequalibus; antheris fagittato-ovatis, 
incumbentibus; piftillo ftaminibus sequali; genuine poly- 
fpermo, elliptico, obtufo, rotundate trigono, obfolete 
trigibbo, deprefle trifulco ; ftylo fetaceo, reclo, eo duplo 
longiore ; (ligmate inconfpicuo, leviffime trifido. G. 
^HALANGIUM efculentmn. Frafer's Catalogue, &c. 
^HALANGIUM ^uamafh; bulbofum ; fcapo foliis linearibus 
carinatis longiore, fpica racemofa, bra&eis linearibus, 
petalis 5 afcendentibus, infimo deflexo, ftigmate obtufo. 
Purfj Flor. Bor.-Jmer. v. up. 226. /. 7 ; (nondum evulgata.) 

^escr. Bulb lefs than a common walnut ; integuments brown ; 
f«*pe about a foot high; leaves rather fhorter, broadeft of them 
"ttle more than half an inch over; flowers fcentlefs, of a blueifli 
grey or afh colour, about an inch in, diameter when expanded; 
Wbers yellow. We have added the fynonym from the work of 
-^ r - Pursh, in confequence of a communication that gentleman 
v *s fo obliging as to make to us, in which he allured us 3 that 


Mr. Erasers plant, from which our drawing has been made, 
was of the fame fpecies as that he had in view ; otherwife we 
fhould have doubted its being fo, not perceiving the flighted 
irregularity in the corolla of feveral fpecimens we examined. 
We have not had an opportunity of feeing the figure in Mr. 
Pursh's work, which is not yet publifhed. The fpecific name 
of §>udmqfh that gentleman makes ufe of, is the appellation given 
to the plant by certain Indians in the neighbourhood of the 
Miffouri River, in whofe country it is fpontaneous, and where 
it ferves them as a principal article of food during the winter. 
The fpecimens we faw, in our judgment, feemed to belong to 
Scilla and not to Phalangium. 

A hardy plant. Blooms in May. Our drawing was made 
from a plant imported by Mr. Nuttall, which flowered at 
Mr. Fraser's Nurfery, in Sloane-Square. G. 



C 1575 ] 
Gladiolus communis (/3.) carneus. Flesh- 
coloured common Corn-Flag. 

$ $ fr» » $ $ &jNMs >♦♦♦ * ♦■ 

Generic Characler. — %£> 2V&. 1564. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

GLADIOLUS communis; foliis fubquinis,diftantibus, Ianceolato- 
enfatis, nervous, binis inferne caulinis, fumrao fpathaceo; 
caule tereti, altiori, fimplici f. uniramofo; fpica laxa, pluri- 
multiflora, in ordine fimplici flexuofo-fecunda ; fpathis 
inaequivalvibus, antrorfum inclinatis, invicem fubincurvcf- 
centibus, flore parum brevioribus ; corolla ere&o-nutante, 
femiringente, inaequalij tubo brevi hexagono una cum 
fauce lubaequali angufta limbo 3 — 4plo breviore; laci- 
niarum laminis ovatis, tribus fupremis asqualibus, fumma 
media lateralibus emarginato-obtufis mucronatis conclufa ; 
ima media lateralibus fupremis conformi, inferioribus 
obovato-fpathulatis longiore ac fubduplo latiore ; ftaminibus 
tenia circiter brevioribus ; filamentis anthera duplo magifve 
longioribus. G. 

GLADIOLUS communis. Linn. Sp. PL ed. 2. 1. 52. Mill. Ditf. 
ed. 8. n. 1. Curtis Jupra No. 86. IVilld. Sp. PL 1. 213. 
Vahl. Emm. 2. 90; (exclufa var. j3J Hort. Kew. 1. 62. 
ed. 2. 1. 102. Nobis fupra No. 874. verfo folio in emend, et 
No. 992. in Spec. Enum. Lil. a Redoute, tab. 267. 

GLADIOLUS negleBus. Schtdte Obf. Boh in Sp. PL IVilld. 

^ ?' * 4 * 

GLADIOLUS. Rivin. Monop. 110. 

G. narbonenfis, &c. Hort. Eyjkt. JEjlh. ord. 4. tab. 10. Jig. 3. 4, 

Park. Par. 189. tab. 191. fig. 1. 
(P-) flos incarnatus. G. 
G. flore rubente. Blum Come Flagge. Park. Par. 190. 

For an account of the fpecies, fee above, in No. 86; alfo 
our obfervations in the article Gladiolus fegetum No. 719 
(the imbrkatus of Linn mvs and others, as we have already laid 


in a note in No. 1267, and the tenuis of the Flor. Taur. Cauc. 
1. 29, lately publiflied by Mr. Marshal von Bieberstein) 
as well as thofe in that of G. byzantimts No. 874. Stem from 
one to near three feet high ; flowers 6 — 20. Hardy and of eafy 
culture. The prefent variety is by far the raoft ornamental, but 
lefs frequent in our gardens than the one publifhed in No. 85. 
Communis differs from byzg-ntimis^ in having the flowers fo inclined 
as to form a fmgle flexuofe rank, the fpathes bent forward 
beyond the rachis and mutually inclining towards each other ; 
while in that the fpike is arranged in two diftant rows with di- 
verging fpathes that are parallel with the rachis; in communis the 
two lateral upper fegments of the corolla are obtufe and mu- 
cronate, and the two lower lateral ones fhorter and narrower 
than their middle one, which is not the cafe in byzantinus, 
Segetnm differs from both, befides in the diftinclion of the feed 
already mentioned in No. 719, in having the upper fide- 
fegments of the corolla much fhorter than any of the reft, the 
upper middle one wholly elevated over thefe and twice the 
broadeft of any, and the three lower ones equal to each other in 
length and nearly fo in breadth. Mr. Schulte, in the work 
above quoted, has feparated this plant from his communis^ (the 
Jegetum of this work,) under the name of negleclus ; he fays, that 
both are found in the neighbourhood of Cracow, and that this 
flowers nearly a month later than the other. Our drawing was 
made at the Nurfery of Meffrs. Gibbs, Brompton. G. 


No. 1564, vet fo folia lin. 14, pofl " Vahl. Enum. 2. 86. n. 18 ;" 
infere " excltifi Jacquini Synonymo" 

[ W6 ] 
Allium stellatum. Missouri Garlick. 

# » J ft » if » » f f » » j|t a fr » J )| i |j , 

Generic Cbaracler. — %fe JV0. 1420. 

Specific Cbaracler and Synonyms* 

ALLIUM ftelldtum ; bulbo ovato-oblongo ; foliis pluribus 
(5 — 6)j craffiufculis, breviter fiftulolo-vaginantibus, indc 
fafciculato-divergentibus, lineari-anguftis, triquetris, fubtus 
acute carinatis ; fcapis (2-pluribus) tercti-ancipitibus f. 
inaequiangularibus, rigidiufculis, primo fupra medium 
reflexis inde ereclis ; fpatha univalvi ? ovato-lanceolata, 
pedicellis breviore, perfiftente ; umbella erefta, multiflora, 
laxius fafciculato-faftigiata; pedicellis flore aliquoties Ion- 
gioribus; corolla hexapetalo partita, ftellato-campanulata, 
laciniis asquilongis, extimis tnbus divaricate patentibus, 
ovato-navicularibus carinatis incurvnlis acutis, tnbus intimis 
ereclo-divergentibus convoluto-oblongis re6lis ecarinatis 
obtufioribus ; filamentis uniformibus, fubifometris, fubulato- 
fetaceis, corollam sequantibus, baii membrana hypogyna 
anguitiffima inter fe connexa ; antheris fubexcluiis; genuine 
deprefle turbinato, obtufe trigono,-tricorni fingulis/aciebus 
membrana porum nectarifluum fovente ac furfum in acumen 
bipartitum deflexo-protenfa marginatis ; flylo fetaceo corol- 
lam tandem sequante ; capfula obcordato-trigona, apice 
umbilicato-rotunda ac in margine fumma cujufque faciei 
lamellulis binis dentiformibus ereclis alata. G. 
ALLIUM Jiellatum. Frafefs Catalogue^ &c. 

A plant lately introduced from America, where it is faid to 
have been found growing on the Banks of the MiiTouri, by 
Mr. Nuttall. It has many characters in common with the 
Allium cernuum of No. 1324 of this work (hkewife lately 
given in the Liliacecs of Redoute, t. 345) ; but differs befides, 
in being a fmaller plant with deep pink flowers, and m having 
ar » upright umbel and filaments only equal to the corolla; while 
that has a cernuous or nodding umbel and filaments about twice 
the length of the corolla. When rubbed or bruited, the odour 


peculiar to the genus is perceptible, but not in a high degree. 
We are told in the fixth edition of Donn's Catalogue of the 
Cambridge Garden, that cernuum is alfo a native of America. 
We can hardly deem the two plants varieties of each other} but, 
if not fuch, they are certainly very nearly akin. 

Our drawing was taken from an imported fpecimen that 
bloomed at Mr. Fraser's Nurfery, in Sloane-Square, in June 
M. G. 

C *577 ] 

Arbutus canariensis. Teneriffe 


Oafs and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Col. 5-partitus, Cor, ovata : ore 5-fido, bafi pellucida. Bacca 

Specific Character and Synonyms, 

ARBUTUS camrienfis ; foliis oblongo-lanceolatis ferratis, pani- 
culis verticalibus hifpido-glutinofis. Lam. EncycL Metb. 
Sup. v. 1. p. 419. Duhamel Arb. edit nov. 1. p. 80. 

ARBUTUS procera ,• caule arboreo, foliis oblongo-lanceolatis 
ferratis hirfutis. Solander MJf. apud Mufeum Bank/. 

MADRONOS Hifpanis injularum canarien/mm, ex autt.Maffonu 

The fpecimen of this plant, preferved in the Bankfian Her- 
barium, was difcovered by the late Mr. Francis Masson, 
growing in the woods in the Ifland of Teneriffe, where it forms 
a tallifh tree. 

M. Lamark has inferted it in the Supplement to the Ency- 
clopedic, under the article Arboufier de Canarie, and records that 
it was found in the Canary Iflands by M. Riedle. 

The colour of the flowers, as in Arbutus Unedo, varies from 
greenifli-white to red. The fpecimen from which our drawing 
was made, was communicated by Mr. Whitley, from Font- 
hill, laft May. It flowered alio at the fame time at Meflrs. 
Malcolm and Sweet's Nurfery, at Stockwell-Common, but 
did not produce any fruit. 

Mr. Mass on obferves, that in the Canary Ifles the berries 
are made into a fweet-meat. 

Cultivated in the confervatory. Propagated by cuttings or 


Put 6y,/ ' Cur&r Wa/w 


C 157$ 1 


<!»»» »♦ ft s j t * f »♦»♦♦♦ M+ 

Clafs and Order. 


Generic Chamber. 

Cat. 5-partitus, incequalis. Car. bilabiata. Anthers unilaculares. 
Cap/] bilocularis : difTepimcnto contrario. Sem. reiinaculis fub- 
tenfa. Brown. Vide Prodrom. No-v. Hull. p. 475. in oMerva- 


Specific Character and Synonyms. 

APHELANDRA criflata; foliis ellipticis oblongifve acumi- 
nata, fpicis tetragotii^ bra&eis ovatis intcgerrimb| corollis 

glabns. Bro?im in Hart. hew. 4. p. 55. 
Jf STICIA crijluta. J acq. Schoenb. 3. p. 38. /. 320. 
J U o I I C I A puhherrima ; fpicis tcrminalibus axtllaribufque, 

bra&eis ovatis imbricatis cHiatis muticis, corollarum galea 

lanceolata (bifida Willd.) crecla. Vahl Symb. 2. p. 14. 
JUSTICIA pukberrima. Jacq. Amcr. p. 6. /. 2./. 4. Collet!. 3. 

p. 252. Icon. rar".- K Vahl Enum. \.p. ng. 
JUSTICIA pukberrima ; foliis ovatis utrinque acuminatis pe- 

tiolatis, fpicis tcrminalibus tetragonis erectis, biacleis ovatis. 

Linn. Suppl. 84. 
JUSTICIA tetragona ; fpicis terminalibus tetragonis, brafleis 

ovatis quadriiariam imbricatis carinatis, fohifque crenatis 

glabris. Vahl Symbol. 3 p. 5. Emm. i.p. 118. Willd. Sp, 

PL up. 85. 
JUSTICIA arborea. Mill. Bitl. ed. 8. f ed. Martyn. n. 80. 
RUELLIA crijlata. Bot. Repof. 506. 

The genus Justicia is now (o very extenfive, the enu- 
meration of Vahl containing no lefs than one hundred and 


forty-feven fpecies, that it is become very defirable to make a 
divifion of it, as far as can be done upon i'cientinc principles. 
They differ confiderably in the modification of the corolla, 
anthers, feed-veffels, and inflorefcence. From all thefe circum- 
ftances conjointly, and not from any one fmgly, Mr. Brown 
remarks that the genera mufl be framed. The prefent plant has 
like Ruellia four ftamens, but is efpecially remarkable in 
having tingle-celled anthers. 

In his Prodromus of the Flora of New-Holland, the learned 
author bad remarked that this genus bcfides cYiflata would include 
fulcherrima %x\<\fcabra of Vahl; but he has fince found reafon to 
believe that the two former, as well as telragona^ belong to the fame 
fpecies; and from Dr. Houston's fpecimen from Campeachy, 
now preferved in the Banklian Herbarium, which is probably 
the only authority for Miller's arborea, it does not appear that 
this is in any refpect different. 

Aphelandra crijtaia grows into a handfome tall fhrub, 
which, when covered with its frigid bloffoms, muft be a beau- 
tiful object. In native fpecimens, the fpikes more generally 
come out two or four together, not fmgly, as in our drawing. 
Found in the Weft-India iflands as well as on the continent, 
and was introduced to this country by Lord Seaforth. 

Our drawing was taken at the Comtelfe De Vandes's col- 
lection at Bayefwater. 



C 1579 J 

Andromeda mariana (a.) ovalis. Oval- 
leaved Maryland Andromeda. 

Clqfs and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic Charatler, 

Cal. 5-partitus. Cor. ovata: ore 5-iido. Cap/. 5- 1 ocularis : val- 
vulis diffepimento contrariis. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms,. 

ANDROMEDA mariana ; (decidua) pedunculis aggregatis, 
fafciculis alternis diflantibus fubaphyllis, corollis c)lin- 
dricis, foliis ovatis integerrimis glabris. 
ANDROMEDA mariana ; pedunculis aggregatis rameis, co- 
rollis ovato cylindricis, foliis oblongo-ovatis integerrimis 
deciduis. Hort. Kew. ed. 1. 2. p. 67. ed. all. 3. p. 51. H'illd. 
Sp. PL 2. p. 609. exclufo fynonymo Jacquiui. Perfoon Sytt. 
1. p. 480. exclufo iterum Jacquino. Mart. Mill. Dtcl. 5. 
Dubam. Arb. ed. nov. p. 177. /. 37. 
ANDROMEDA mariana; pedunculis aggregatis, corollis cy- 
lindricis, foliis alternis ovatis integerrimis. Sp. PL 564. 
ANDROMEDA mariana,- (decidua) foliis ovalibus utrmque 
puberulis integerrimis glabris fubcoriaceis fubtus pallidiori- 
bus, ramis floriferis fubaphyllis, pedunculis fafciculatis, 
corollis ovato cylindraceis, calycibus foliofis, antherii rau- 
ticis, capfula conoidea. Purjh FL Bor.-Amer. 294. inedit. 
ANDROMEDA mariana; foliis ovalibus feu lanceolatis, in- 
tegen imis : ramis nudata fummitate fafciculofo-racemifloris : 
corolla fubcylindracea : antheris muticis: capfula conoidea. 
Michaux PL Bor.-Amer. 1. p. 256. 
(*•) ovalis ; foliis ovalibus. 
(fr) oblonga; foliis oblongis. 

ANDROMEDA foliis ovatis, pedunculis fafciculatis, capfulis 
pentagonis apice dehifcenubus. Gron. Virg. ed. 8m 49. ed. 
±lo. p. 66. 


ARBUSCULA mariana, brevioribus cuonymi foliis pallide 
virentibus, floribus arbuteis ex eodem nodo plurimis, fpi- 
catira uno verfu erumpentibus. Pluk. Maniij}'. 25. /. 448. 

The Andromeda mariana is a very handfome fhrub when 
in flower, though like puheruletita and cajjmejolia, its affinity 
with which we have before remarked, it is apt to grow rather 

Mr. Pursh obferves, that there are feveral {biking varieties 
of this fpecies. In our gardens we have feen only the two above 
mentioned, or individuals more or Iefs approaching to the one 
or the other. 

Introduced from North-America, where it occurs fpontane- 
oufly from New-England to Florida, in fwamps, particularly in 
fandy foil. Flowers in May and June. Introduced by Mr. 
Peter Collinson, in 1732, and is now not uncommon in 
our gardens. Communicated by Meflrs. Loddiges and Sons. 


C 1580 ] 


Clafs and Order. 
Decandria Monocynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-fidus, insqualis, bafi intrufa. Cor. papilionacea, vexillo 
majore. Stamina perfiftentia, bafi connata. Legumcn ventricofum, 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

PODALYRIA jlyracifdia ; foliis ovatis reticularis, ramis birtis 
angulato-ftriatis, pedunculis unifloris folium aequantibus, 
calycibus ferrugineo-tomentofis vexillifque reflexis. 

PODALYRIA calyptrata; foliis ovalibus obovatifque pubefcen- 
tibus : fubtus reticularis ; adultis non fericeis, pedunculis 
unifloris folia fubaequantibus, calycibus viilofis : limbo 
fcariofo reflexo. Brown Hirt. Kew. ed. ait. 3. p. 7. ? 

PODALYRIA calyptrata. Willd.Sp.PL 2./. 504; 9 Retz.Obf. 

CROTOLARIA foliis fimplicibus ovatis viilofis, petiolis fim- 
pliciflimis, ramis teretibus. Hort. Cliff. 357 .«? 

GENISTA africana arborefcens, calyce fcabro, foliis falicis 
caprese rotundifoliae, floribus amplis purpureis. Raj. Dcnd % 
106. n. 49. 

GENISTA africana ftyracis folio flore purpurco. Seb<e Muf. 2. 

'• 99 •/ 3- 

As we have not been able to fatisfy ourfelves that our plant 
is certainly the fame which Mr. Brown- has defcribed under the 
name of calyptrata, and the covering obierved by Retzius 
°ver the unopened flower being common to every fpecies of the 
genus, as now conftituted, and of courfe that name equally ap- 
plicable to all, we have thought it better to adopt the more 
a Ppropriate one given to it in the Banklian Herbarium. 


The circumftance that principally leads to doubt the identity 
of this plant and calyptrata is, that Mr. Brown dcfcribes the 
latter as having the limb of the calyx fcariofe ; in ours this part 
was rather flefhy than dry and membranaceous. At the fame 
time the variation in the form of the leaves, and their greater or 
lefs filkinefs which prevails in the younger and is fometimes, but 
not always, altogether depofited when adult, makes the fynonymy 
extremely uncertain. The quotation from the Hortus Cliffortianus 
is rendered doubtful by the rounded branches, which in our 
plant are angular, but fome of the fynonyms there adduced 
certainly belong to this. 

The limb of the calyx in our plant is reflected, as is the large 
deeply-divided, two lobed vexillum or Jlandard ; the wings are 
large, ereft, and concave; the keel much fhorter, incurved at 
the point ; the germen very hairy ; the legume feffile, covered 
with a brown tomentum, very convex at the upper future, but 
at the under concave towards the bafe and convex towards the 
point, taking on fomething the form of a neat's tongue. 

This plant, though rarely feen in bloffom, has been long 
known in our nurferies, where it was generally called biflora. 
We know of no tolerable figure of it ; that of Seb a, though ex- 
preffive enough of the leaves upon an old plant, gives little idea 
of the flower ; by far the largeft in the whole genus. Com- 
municated from the very refpeQable collection of Mr. Kent at 
Clapton, where it has flowered beautifully in two fucceflive 

Native of the Cape of Good-Hope. Requires an airy green- 
houfe. Propagated by cuttings. Flowers in May, June, and 

[ 1581 ] 

Dryandra floribunda. Many-flowered 

Qafs and Order. 
Tetrandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. 

Cor. l-petala. Stam. apicibus concavis corollas; immerfa. 
Squamul<e hypogynse 4. Folliculus ligneus, 2-locuIaris : loculis 
i-fpermis : diflepimento libero, bifido. Recept. commune planum, 
involucro imbricato. Brown. 

Specific Chamber and Synonyms* 

DRYANDRA floribunda; foliis cuneiformibus incifo-dentatis 
fpinulofis feflilibus, ramis pilofis. 

DRYANDRA floribunda ; foliis cuneiformibus incifo-ferratis, 
involucri bracleis ftriatis : exterioribus glabriufculis, pe- 
rianthis laminis glabris, ftigmate fubclavato obtufo. Broun 
Prod. Nov. Holl. p. 397. Linn. Tranf. v. 10. p. 212. 

DRYANDRA floribunda; foliis cuneiformibus incifo-ferratis, 
involucri brafteis ftriatis : exterioribus glabriufculis, corol- 
lis glabris, ftigmate fubclavato obtufo. Hort. Kew. ed. alt* 
v. 1. p. 219. 

JOSEPHI A fifth's. Knight et Salijb. Trot. 1 10. 

Tbe name of floribunda* given by Mr. Brown to this fpecies, 
may allude to the number of flowers which appear at the fame 
time from the extremities of numerous branches, for no more 
than one are produced from the fame point, nor are the florets in 
each flower, equal in number or fplendour to that of many other 
fpecies j or to its continuing to flower for h long a period. 

Mr. Brown follows Jussieu in confidering the proteace* as 
having no corolla* defignating the partfo called by Linnaeus, by 
the term of calyx* in his firft publication, changed in his Pro- 
dronius to that of perianthium. In compofing the Honus 


Kewenfis, it fometimes became necefTary to alter the language 
of his characters to adapt it to that of Linn/eus, every where 
ufed in that work. In doing this in the prefent inftance, Mr. 
Dryander has inadvertently committed an overhght, which 
occafioned us fome trouble in determining whether our plant 
belonged to fioribunda or cuneata $ the author having defcribed 
the lamina of the perianthium as being fmooth, he feems to have 
haftily taken it up as if the expreflion perianthii laminis meant the 
lacinia of the corolla; whereas by lamina Mr. Brown meant 
only the expanded part at the apex, into which the anther is 
immerfed, considering the long narrow part as the unguis ; which, 
fo far from being fmooth, is very thickly bearded. 

We have thought it better to omit this part of the character al- 
together, the feffile leaves being alone fufficient to diftinguifh it 
from cuneata^ the only fpecies with which it is in danger of being 
confounded, all the others, hitherto known, having pinnatifid 
leaves. To this we have added another character, pointed out to 
us by Mr. Brown himfelf, the hairinefs of the branches; thefe 
parts being clothed with fcattcred long hairs in our plant, and 
with a fhort thickfet villofity in cuneata. 

Native of the fouth coaft of New-Holland, commonly called 
Lewin's Land, the only country which has been hitherto known 
to produce any fpecies of Dryandra, where it affefts lovr 
rocky fituations. 

Communicated from the Nurfery of Meffrs. Malcolm and 
Sweet, on Stockwell Common. 

Flowers moft part of the year. Introduced in 1803, by 
Mr. Peter Good. 

/ f /JSZ. 

C 1582 ] 

Dryandra longifolia. Long-leaved 


$$ $ $ ♦»♦ ♦♦ ♦ M » fc ♦ M V» 

Clqfs and Order. 
Tetrandria Monocynia. 

Generic Char after. — Vide No. 1581. 

Specific Charaffer. 

DRYANDRA longifolia; foliis linearibus pinnatifidis longiflimis 
acutis fubtus cinereo-tomentofis : bafi attenuata integerrima : 
\obis triangularibus adfcendentibus decurrentibus margine 
recur vis, involucri bra&eis elongato-linearibus fubulato 
accuminatis margine barbatis extus glabris, corollze 
fperianthii] unguibus bafi lanatis fupra pubefcentibus : 
laminis pilofiufculis, caule tomentofo. Brown Prod. Nov, 
Holl. ^.398. Linn. Tranf. v. 10. p. 215. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 
v. i.p. 221. 

The original Dryandra of Thunberg, being found not 
to be generically different from Aleurites, previoufly efta- 
bliflied by Forster, Mr. Brown tells us that he " derived 
peculiar fatisfaction, in giving the name of his refpecled friend, 
Mr. Jonas Dryander, to a genus fo nearly allied to Bankfia, 
from which indeed it differs chiefly in inflorefcence, but in that 
refpeQ. fo widely as to be at once diftinguilhable : there is alfo 
fomething in the habit, efpecially in the leaves of the greater 
number of fpecies, by which, independent of the parts of fructi- 
fication, trie genus is pretty certainly indicated, and it is worthy 
°f notice, that, while Bankfia is generally fpread over all the 
coaft of New-Holland, and of Van Diemen's Ifland, Dryandra 
has hitherto been obferved only on that part of the fouth coaft, 
called Lewin's Land, where, however, its fpecies are nearly as 
numerous and abundant as thofe of Bankfia itfelf *." This is as 

Linn. Tranf. r, 10. p. txt. 


it ought to be, that Dryandra fhould have the neareft affinity 
with Bankfia. 

The Dryandra longifolia is a very fine fhrub, with much 
larger flowers than thofe of the fpecies figured in the preceding 
plate. Native of Lewin's Land, the fouth coaft of New- 
Holland, growing upon rocky hills. 

We were favoured with the fpecimen from which our 
drawing was taken by our friend Mr. Aiton, from the Royal 
gardens at Kew, in February laft. Introduced in 1805. ^ 
does not appear to have flowered when the firft volume of the 
new edition of the Hortus Kewenfis was published. 

[ *5*3 1 


Clafs and Order. 
Pentandria Monocynia. 

Generic Characler. 

Tctala 5, ?\ flamina calyci inferta. Stylus bifidus. Bacca poly- 
fperma, iniera. 

Specific Qoaratler and Synonym. 

RI3ES rcfinofum ; pilofo glandulofum racemis ereQis, calycibus 
planiufcvilis trinerviis, bratteis lingulatis pedicello longiori- 
bus, foliis fubquinquelobis obtufis crenatis. 

RIBES refmofum; inermc, omnibus partibus pilis refinofo-glandu- 
lofis ffiftum, foliis 3 — 5-lobatis iubrotundis, racemis erectis, 
calycibus planiufculis, p.. talis obtufe rhomboideis, brafieis 
linca vibus pedicello !ongioribttS> baccis hirfutis. Purj/j FL 
Dor.- Am. p. 163. inedit. 

The whole plant is covered with glandular hairs which exude 
a clammy juice. The calyx is large, fpreading, and rounded- 
three times larger than the yellow flefhy petals. The braclcs, 
which continue after the flowers, fall off are tongue-fhaped, 
hollowed, and very glandular. The /eaves are five-lobed, but 
the lower lobes are lefs defined, and frequently obfolete. The 
broad ftipules or wings on the fboiftalk- leen in the figure, ge- 
nerally difappear before the leaf is expanded. 

It has been cultivated eight or nine years at MefiTrs. Fraser's* 
of Sloane-Square, whofe father firft difcovered it in the moun- 
tains of North-America; it has been alfo fome years in the 
garden of George Anderson, Efq, by whom we have been 
repeatedly favoured with fpecimens; but no where has it pro- 
duced fruit : indeed from the fmallnefs of the get men and the 
fphacelated appearance of the ftigmas we fufpect this fpecies to 
be dioecious, and that we have only the male plant. Flower* 
in April and May. Propagated by cuttings. 


[ *5h ] 


Clafs and Order. 
Tetrandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Spatha. Spadix fimplex floribus teclus. Col. o. Petals 4. 
Bacca difperma. 

Specific Cbarafier. 

POTHOS fagittata ; foliis cordatis acutis : lobis divaricatis, 

fpatha retlexa fpadicein erectum aequante. 

Our drawing of this Pothos, a native, we believe, of the 
Weft-Indies, was taken at Mr. Vkre's of Kenfmgton-Gore. 
It appears to differ from cordata chiefly in the form of the 
pofterior lobes of the leaf, which, in the latter, are never 
without a projecting portion from the middle of the inner 
margin, making them approach near to, though they do not 
always overlap one another. 

The Pothos fagitlaia is undoubtedly different from the 
Arum acinis ameihyllinis of Plumier, the only fynonym 
quoted by Linn jevs to his Pothos cordata; this figure alfo ap- 
pears to be very unlike the plant ufually known by this name in 
our collections; and from this laft we apprehend that ours differs, 
not only in the form of the leaf as mentioned above, but in its 
fmaller fize, and in the reflected fpathe and more cylindrical 

Native of the Weft-Indies. Flowers in Auguft. May be 
propagated by offsets from the root. 

I" £i*ardrl)al. 

C *6*$ ] 

Phylloma aloiflorum. The Bourbon 


Clafs and Order. 

Hexandkia Mo.vocynia. 

Generic Chamber. 

Jnflor. erefta, bra&eolis fmgularibus interftinfta. Cat. o. Cor. 
infera, hexapelalo-partita, tubulofo-connivens, laciniis imbri- 
catis. Stem, immediate hypogyna, erecia, inclufa; fil. filiformia, 
squalia ; anth. ereclae, ovatas. Stylus fetaceus ; fig. fimplex. 
Bacca coriaceo-carnofa, oblato-fpbaerica, fulcis 3 futuris totidem 
intermediis levius notata, 3-loc, loculis biferiate polyfpcrmis j 
fern, horizontalia, oblonga, angulofa, tefta cruftacco-cartilaginea 
nigro-fplendente epidermide folutili opacata ; albumen aaiyg- 
dalinum. G. 

Obs. Pahnoldeo-arborefcens ; cnudex fimplex, Vgnofus ; fdilaflmpl'cia? 
temunalia, numerofa, conferta, f/Jcicu/ato-divergentia inferiera recurva, 
imbricato-amplexicaulia, hrato-elongata, lanccolato-attenuata, convoluto- 
concava, coriaceo-imrtifata, margine rubra cartilaginea fpinulofo-f errata ; 
caules axillareSy plures, iftis breviores, complanato-ancipites, racemof* 
panic ulati, racemuli panel, mult fori, of'urgenti-divcrgcntes, faliolo arido 
ad divifuram ; pedicel ii fit formes, ajfurgeutes, fore fubhngiorts ; bra&eolag 
aridw ovato-acuminatce. Ah Aloe difcrepat faminibm non incline tis 
frucluque non capfulari ; a Drac^na filament is baud medio incrvjfatis, 
bacccfaue loculis baud manofpermis ; ab utraaue babitu fat is dive rf urn. G, 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

PHYLLOMA aloiflorum. G. 

DRAC/ENA margimta. Hort. Kern. 1. 454- cd. 2. 2. 277. 

Mild. Sp. PI. 2. 157. 
ALOE mar°inata. Willd. En. PL Hort. Berol. 383. 
ALOE marginalis. Decandolle PL Gr. 31. cum lc 
ALOE purpurea. Lamarck Encyc. 1. 85. 

Stem in our oldeft fpecimens about eight feet high, and nearly 
*e thicknefs of a man's thigh; leaves fmooth, about three feet 


long, 2 — 3 inches broad at their bafe, of a clear green colour; 
corolla about three-parts of an inch long, with the circumference 
of a common quill, yellow fuffufed with brownifh red on the 
outfide. Native of the Ifland of Bourbon. Introduced into this 
country in 1766, by Monf. Richard. A Move plant. 

Our drawing was made from a fpecimen that flowered at the 
Apothecaries Garden, Chelfea, in June lad, where it often 
ripens its fruit, which is about the fize and (hape of a bullace- 
plum, G, 


Put. fy ■ £ /hrfo Wa/wcrf&C 

L 1586 ] 

Amaryllis tubispatha. Mr. Griffin's 

Generic Charatler.—Vide No. 923*, 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

AMARYLLIS tuhifpathaj (unifiora ; fauxnuda;) foliis paucis 
(trinisj, ligulato-linearibus, canalicujato-concavis, furfum 
explicatioribus, obtufulis, fcapum fub tempore florefcendi 
asquantibus; fcapo (nunc binis) fubcomprefle tereti, pro- 
minule nervulofo, fiftulofo; fpaiha univalvi, arido-mcni- 
branacea, erefta, cylindrica, bifida fegmentis acuminatis 
oppofitis; pedunculo ea duplo longiori, ftricto, tereti, 
florem asquante ; germine curtato-cylindrico, obtufe trigono, 
trifulco, utrinque rotundato, loculis polyfpermis; corolla 
fubnutante, regulari, hexapetalo-partita, turbinato-elongata 
f. cucullato-campanulata j tubo fubnullo, laciniis bafi intus 
breyiffime connexis, fpathulato-oblongis, non uncinatis, 
deorfum fubunguiculato-attenuatis, lamina elliptica refta 
/cum brevi acumine, extimis fere duplo latioribus intimas 
aliquantum breviores imbricato-concludentibus; iraminibus 
duplo brevioribus, brevifiirne adnatis, laxe fafciculatis, de- 
clinato-affurgentibus, alternis longioribus ; ftylo decurfu 
fimili, longiori, inclufo; ftigmatibus 3, linearibus, re- 
plicatis. G. 
AMARYLLIS iubifpatha. HHeritier Serf. Angl. 9. Nobis Jupra 
No. 1089, in Spec. Synth. Willd. Sp. PL 2. 51. 

Bulb tunicate, about the fize of a pigeon's egg, integuments 
membranous, dark-brown ; leaves 2—3 lines broad ; /cape 3—4 
inches long, nearly the thicknefs of a common quill, green, 
except at the bafe, where it is purplifh ; flower about two inches 
* on S> Segments lanceolate, green downwards, lamina clear white, a 
Sight degree of fragrance lomewhat refembling that of tuberofe 
may be perceived when we hold it near us ; germen containing 
30—40 white ovula, green. The fpecies appears to have been 
forft taken up by LTUritier, from a fpecimen without leaves 

in Commirson's Herbarium, brought from Buenos Ayres. 
The prefent plant (probably the firft living one that has been 
ever Teen in Europe) was received by Mr. Griffin from a 
friend in Jamaica, who was informed that it had been procured 
by a perfon refiding " on one of the back fcttlements in ihe 
blue mountains of that Ifland." 

The fpepimen, from which otir drawing has been made, 
flowered laft July in Mr. Griffin's hot-houle at South Lambeth 
for the firft time ; the corolla had a pinkifh hap when it firft 
jhewed itfelf in bud, but foon loft all veftige of that colour. — > 
We have never met with the fpecies in any Herbarium we have 
}iad accefs to. From the length of the peduncle, in relation to 
the fcape, the fpathe appears as if in the middle, of the latter. G. 

. / /><-/. 

r& T>d 

C 15Z7 1 

Daphne odora. Sweet-scented Daphne, 

Clq/s and Order, 


Generic Character. 

Ccl. o. Cor. 4-fida, marcefcens, Stamina incluctens. Dn-pa 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

DAPHNE odora; capirulo terminali fubfeiTiIi multitlcro, foliis 

fparlis oblongo-lanceolatis glabris. Hon. Keiv. 2. p. 26. ed. 

alt. 2. P. 411. Willd. Sp.Pl. 2. p. 412. Smith Exot. Bot. 1. 

p. 91. /. 47. Jacq. Hort. $choenb. 3. p. 54. /. 351. Martytt 

Mill. Ditt. n. 17. Perfoon Syn. 1. p. 435. 
£)APllN T E odora; floribus aggregatis fetfilibus terrninalibusj 

foliis ovatis alternis glabris. Thunb. Jap. 159. Banks Ic, 

Kiempf. t. 16. Lour. Cochin. 237, 
SjlKO. K<empf. Aman. Exot. fafc. 5. p. 844. 

The flowers in our plant are corifidcrably larger and more 
Coloured than reprefented in the figure given us in the Exotic 
Botany or in that of J acq_u in. The former circumftarice has 
been probably Owing to the more free admiffion of air and light, 
the latter we fhall attempt to account for. It appears to us 
that in its natural ftate the capitulum of flowers is entirely feflile 
in the bofom of the leaves, which are more crowded at the 
extremities of the branches ; and that there are no braftes or 
fmaller floral leaves, or in fome inftances a few immediately 
under the flowers. In our plant there were only two or three 
leaves fmaller, but exaclly fimilar to the others; the flowers 
grew from a globular receptacle on very fhort hairy pedicles, 
the place of their infertion being marked on the receptacle with 
a double ring, the outer one having a ciliated edge. But wheri 
the flowering is deferred later in the fpring or artificial heat is 
applied from the plants beginning to Ihootj the capitulum of 


Bowers is pufhcd forward, upon a fort of peduncle, from which 
many young leaves are put forth. Tfiefe have been defcribed 
as braetcs, we confider them as more or lefs perfect leaves, the 
coufequence of the premature elongation of the branch : a circum- 
ilance very likely to have the effect of weakening the blofloms. 

Daphne odora generally patted in our Nurferies for fome 
years as the indica, defcribed by Osbeck as having oppofite 
leaves and a ftem only a fpan in height ; which fpecies has pro- 
bably never been fcen in this country. That, however, de- 
fcribed as the indica, by Loureiro, teems to be very fimilar 
to odota, and may, perhaps, only be a variety of it with oppo- 
lite leaves. 

This plant is hardy enough to furvivc our winters in the open 
air ; but [lowering in the coldeil feafon, from December to 
March, it requires protection on that account. Indeed, unlefs 
the feafon prove favourable, it frequently fails of flowering 
altogether, otherwile it would be a mod defirable acquifition ; 
producing its highly fragrant flowers at a feafon when it has few 

The figure by L'Heritier, quoted in the former edition of 
Hortus Kewenfis, we believe was never publifhed. 

Introduced in 1771, by Benjamin Torin, Efq. Com- 
municated by Meffrs. Loddiges and Sons, by whom we are 
informed that it is propagated by cuttings ; that the foil which 
fuits it belt is a mixture of loam and bog earth ; and that its 
flowering is promoted by placing it on the Hue of the (love. 



C 1588 ] 


^4h(nMhM »* »»♦♦»»♦ ♦ » 

Clafs and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic CharaBer. 

Cal. 5-fidus, labiis proportionatis, bibra&eatus (bra&eis fcepius 
ipfo tubo infidentibusj. Cor. papilionacea. Gcrmcn feffile, di- 
fpermum. Stylus fubulatus, adfcendens. Stigma (implex. Stro- 
pbiola feminis lobis pofticis incifis. Brown. 

Specific Cbarafler. 

PULTEN/EA Jlritla : capitulis terminalibus, foliis obovatis 
mucronatis glaberrimis, caule ftriclo, calycibus leguraini- 
bufque pilofis. 

The Pultenia jlritla is a low upright (hrub with erecr. 
fomewhat fiiky branches. Leaves moftly alternate, but fome- 
times oppofite, obovate, obtufe with a fmal! curved mucro, 
quite fm ooth on the upper furface and minutely dotted under- 
neath. Flowers in fmall umbels (3 — 6) at the extremities of the 
branches, on fhort pedicles furnifhed at their infertion with brown 
fcaiy bracles. Calyx hairy, bilabiate : upper lip two-toothed : 
lower lip three-toothed, teeth (harp-pointed, divaricate; appendages 
or fuperior bracles two, fubulate. Vexillum orbicular, emarginate, 
bright yellow ftreaked with red at the lower part : AU fhorter 
than vexillum, yellow. Carina longer than the ala?, dark purple 
at the point, paler downwards. 

We were favoured with this very pretty little flirub from 
Mefirs. Bassington's Nurfery at Kingflartd, in June 1812. 
It is no£ recorded in the new edition of the Hortus Keuenfis, 
nor have we obferved it in any other collections about town. 
Mr. Brown informs us that it is a native of Van Diemen's 
ifland. It was from this gentleman's indigenous fpecimens that 
we learned that the legume is hairy; and a] Co that the under 
furface of the leaves is dotted, not having noted this appearance 
in the living plant. 

May be confidered as a hardy greenhoufe ffirub. Flowers in 
June. Propagated by feeds and probably by cuttings. 

.^.W- /-■■•/ 


J?Sa*Sm Jv 

C 1589 1 



CXj/J tf#<i Order. 
Decandria Digynia. 

Generic Charatler. 

Cal. 5-partitus. Cor. 5-petaIa, calyci inferta : petalis integris. 
Cap/, l-locularis 2-valvis : valvula altera majore. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

TlARELLA cordifolia ; foliis cordatis; fcapo erecto nudo. 
TlARELLA cord/olid; foliis cordatis. Sp. PL 580. Reich. 2. 

322. JVilld. 2. 659. Hort. Kew. ed. ait. 3. p. 72. Mw. 

Mill.. Die! . Gron. Virg. ed. 2. ^.63. Michaux FL Bor.-ylm. 

1. p. 270. 

TlARELLA cordifolia ; foliis cordatis acute lobatis dentatis, 
dentibus mucronatis, fcapo racemofo. Purjb FL Bor.-Am. 

P- 3^3- 
MITELLA nudo fcapo. Hort. Cliff. 167. 
MITELLA floribus fpicatis albis, foliis Heuchera?, valva cap- 

fulae fuperiore alia multo breviore, feminibus lucidis nigris. 

Clayton Mff. n. 554. Gron. Virg. ed. 1. p. 160. 
CORTUSA americana flore fpicato, petalis integris. Hernu 

Parad. 129. fine icone. 
CORTUSA indica vel Hedera terreftris. Stapel T'heophrajl. 

p. 366. cum icone bona. 

Tiarella cordifolia ufually, if not always, puts up a 
flowering ftem immediately from the root, without leaves. 
Retzius has defcribed, as a diftincl fpecies, one with a fmgle 
feflile leaf on the fcape. In the Bankfian Herbarium are fpeci- 
mens gathered by Mr. Archibald Menzies, at Port Trini- 
dad, on the north-welt coaft of America, which have very long 
Ample afTurgent Items, terminated with a fpike of flowers, and 
having five or fix leaves, placed alternately, and a pair of 
membranaceous ftipulze beneath each. This may well be con- 
sidered as a diftinft fpecies, efpecially as the flowers arc on 


pedicles much fhorter than the flower*. But the fame Herbarium 
contains a fpecimen marked as belonging to cordtfolia, and like 
it with refpecl; to the length of the pedicles, communicated by 
Profeffor Peck : this has two leaves on the fcape, and the lower 
leaf has the fame flipulae as Mr. Menzies's plant. Our 
charafter is intended to feparate thefe plants ; at the fame time, 
it may perhaps be doubted whether they ought not to be con- 
fidered as mere varieties of the fame fpecies. 

The firfl: notice we find of this plant is by Jo. Bod^eus 
a Stapel, in his Commentaries on Theophraftus, who has 
given a characleriftic reprefentation of it, cut in wood. The 
figure in Herman's Paradifus, ufually referred to this, can 
hardly belong to it. It is apetalous, has purple ftamens, and 
what is frill more material, the pedicles of the flowers are 

A hardy perennial, native of North-America. Propagated by 
parting its roots. Communicated by the late Mr. Swain son 9 
from his collection at Twickenham. 

TIARELLA menzitjii, PuRSH. 

[ *59° ] 


Clqfs and Order. 
Decandria Monocynia. 

Generic CharaSler. 

Cat. 5-fidus. Cor. papilionacea, petalis longitudine fubasquali- 
bus : vexillum lateribus non reflexis. Stigma imberbe. Legumen 
compreffum, oblongum, polyfpermum,. 

Specific Character and. Synonyms, 

VlRGILIA capenfis* ftaminibus deciduis bafi lanatis, germini- 
bus tomentofis, carina acuminata, foliolis lanceolatis. 
Brown Mff. Hart. Kew. ed. alt. 3. p. 4. 

PODALYRIA capenfis ; foliis pinnatis : foliolis lanceolatis 
mucronatis fubtufincanis, leguminibus tomentofis. IVilld. 
Sp. PL 2. p. 501. Bot. Repof. 347. Perfoon Sjm. 1. p. 453. 
Lamarck III. t. 326./ 2. 

SOPHORA capenfis ; foliis pinnatis: foliolis numerofis lan- 
ceolatis fubtus tomentofis, caule fruiicofo. Linn. Mant. 67. 
Reich. 2. 242. ThunS. Prod. 79, 

SOPHORA oroboides. Berg. Cap. 142. 

Virgilia is diflinguifhed from Podalyria by its com- 
prclied, not inflated, legume; by the vexillum not being re- 
flexed at the fides; and widely by its habit. 

This fpecies varies much in the fize of the leaflets; in fome 
native fpecimens they are very narrow and fmall and feldom 
more than twelve-paired. 

It is a very handfome greenhoufe fhrub, native of the Cape 
of Good-Hope. Propagated by cuttings. Flowers in July and 
Auguft. Communicated by MelTis. Loddices and Sons. 
Introduced in 1767, by Thomas Cornwall, Efq. 


lllium japonicum. white one-flowered 
Japan Lily. 

Generic Chamber. — %fc 7V&. 936. 

Specific Characler and Synonym. 

LILIU M japonicum ; caule unifloro, tereti, glabro; foliis cau- 
linis, fparfis, diftantibus, divaricatis, paffim per paria 
proximioribus, ligulato-lanceolatis, 3 — 5 nerviis, glabris, 
deorfum attenuatis, floralibus paucis uno ordine verticillatis 
pedunculo terminali craffo tereti recurvo aliquoties lon- 
gioribus ; corolla ampla, cernuo-nutante, cucullato-cam- 
panulata recurvo-patente, laciniis intimis latioribus, lamina 
rotundata; ftaminibus corolla una quarta circiter breviori- 
bus; ftylo hascce parum excedente; ftigmate clavato-capitato, 
tricolli. G. 

LILIUM japonicum. Thunb. Flor. Jap. 133; (exchfo Kampfero 
quoad locum citatum.) Willd. Sp. PL 2. 85. Hort. Kew, 
ed. 2. 2. 240. 

SAZURI. Lilium flore candido monopetalo prions facie ex 
tubo uneiali in fena labia expanfo. Kcempf. Am<en. 871. 

We have to thank Mr. Aiton for the opportunity of publish- 
ing a figure of this rare and ornamental plant. It flowered in 
the Kew Gardetis, in the open ground, in the month of July 
lalt. Stem about two feet high ; leaves nearly a fpan and half 
long, but narrow in proportion to their length ; flower about a 
fpan long, white, ufually fuffufed with purple along the middle 
of the back of the outer fegments ,- anthers of a deep yellow 
colour; flyle and Jligma green. The Lilia from China and Japan 
appear to us fo pre-eminently ornamental, that we regret to find 
fo many of the recorded ones (efpecialiy fpeciofum and hngi- 
forum) from thofe parts ftill Grangers to our collections. 
The prefent fpecies was imported from China, by the Directors 
of the Eaft-India Company, in 1804. G. 


No. 13R3, 1. 6, pro " 1463" Jege « 1363." 




In ^vhich the Latin Names of | In which the EngUfli Names ol 

the ft the Plants contained in the 

t T hl . rty - Ei Z hth Folu ™ are alpha. 
% betically arranged. 


the Plants contained 
Thirty- Eighth Volume are alpha- 
betically arranged. 


1560 Allium Ampeloprafum {&.) 

1 51^ — — — fteliatum. 

1586 Amaryllis tubifparha. 

1579 Andromeda mariana (a.) ovalis. 

1566 floribunda. 

3578 Aphelandra criftata. 
1577 Arbutus canarienfis. 
1563 After argophyllus. 

1553 Aftrantia maxima. 

1554 Bromeiia Ananas (/?.) 
1557 Cactus Tuna (y.) nigricans. 
j.556 Capraria undulara. 
1572 Convolvulus Jalapa. 
3569 Cypripedium arietinum. 
3567 Dalibarda fragarioides. 
1587 Daphne odora. 
2581 Dryandra floribunda. 

1582 Iongifolia. 

a 548 Erica primuloides. 

1551 Gentiana ochroleuca. 

1575 Gladiolus communis (/J.Jcarneus. 

3 564 haftatus. 

3591 Lilium japonicum. 
3571 Menziefia ferruginea (£.) 
3573 Mefembryanthemum tefticu- 

lare (j3.) 
1559 Mufa coccinea. 
1565 Mufcari mofchatum (/3.) flavum. 
3568 Neottia cermia, 

1562 picla. 

3552 Olea fragrans. 

f 1585 Aloe, The Bourbon. 
Y1586 Amaryllis, Mr. Grif 

£ i^uu nm*Tjuis t iVJr. Uriffin's. 
ft 1566 Andromeda, conical-fl 
f '579 ~ 


oval-leaved Mary. 

ft 1578 Aphelandra, denfe.fpiked. 

,$► 1559 Banana, fcarler. 

$ 155* Button- Weed, crofs-wort. 

* 1556 Capraria, waved-leaved. 

+ 1575 Corn. flag, flefh-coloured com. 

ft 1564 The fpade. [ mon . 

* 1583 Currant, clammy. 

v 1 rgy Dalibarda, ftrawberry.Ieaved. 

ft 1587 Daphne, fweet-fcented. 

•* 158- Dryandra, long-leaved. 

v 1581 many-flowered. 

ft l 573 Fig-marigold, yellow-flowered, 
-$ round- leaved. 

if 1576 Garlick, Miflburi. 

f 1560 purple Cape. 

^1551 Gentian, pale-white, 
ft 1548 Heath, cowflip. 

♦ 1557 Indian-fig, lefler black- fpined. 

Y 1572 Jalap, the true. 
ft 1569 Ladies-flipper, ram's-head, 
^1591 Lily, Japan. 

Y 1 553 Mafter-wort, hellebore-leaved. 
1* 1571 Menziejia, Carolina. 
% 1565 Mufk-Hyacinth, yellow. 
i> 1568 Neottia, nodding. flowered, 

♦ 1562 fpotted-leaved. 

J£ 1552 Olive, fweet-fcented 

3549 Oxalis pentaphylla. 

1561 Pancratium calathinum. 

35; 5 Phlomis tuberofa. 

1585 Phylloma aloi'ilorum. 

1580 Podalyria ftyracifolia, 

1584 Pothos f;;girtata. 

3588 Pultensa ftricla. 

3583 Pdbes refinofum. 

3570 Rofa hifpida. 

3574 Scilla efculenta. 

1558 Spermacoce ftrigofa. 

3,580 Tiarelia cordifolia. 

3-50 Vaccinium nitidum (£.) decum- ft 1590 V.rgiha, vetcb-!ea»ed. 

00 ken, I ttAQ Wood-fartd, fire-fingered. 

3590 Virgili'a capenfis. | 1 y D o Whortleberry, red- 1» x^ged, de, 


ft 1561 Pancratium, white Brafd. 

♦ 1555 Phlomis, tuberous. 

^ 1 554 Pine-apple, The Oueen. 

S J 580 Podalyria, ftorax-l«aved. 
1584 Pothos. arrow-leaved. 
if 1588 Puitenaea, upright. 
t 1570 Rofe, hifpid-ftemmed. 
£ 1 ^63 Star-wort, mufk-fcented. 
ft 1 574 Squill Miflburi, or Quamafh, 
* i 77 Strawberry- tree, TeneritTe. 
a Tiarelia, heart- leaved. 
««__m:. --etch leared. 


Trinted by S. Couclrman, Throgmorton-Stiect, London.