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Botanical Magazine? 

o R, 

Flower-Garden Difplayed : 

The moft Ornamental Foreign Plants, cultiyated in the 
Open Ground, the Green -Houfe, and the Stove, are 
accurately reprefented in their natural Colours. 


Their Names, Clafs, Order, Generic and Specific Charaders, according 

to the celebrated Linnaeus ; their Places of Growth, 

and Times of Flowering: 




Intended for the Ufe of fuch Ladies, Gentlemen, and Gardeners, as 
wifh to become fcientifically acquainted with the Plants they cultivate. 


Fellow of the Royal and Linnean Societies. 


The Flowers, which grace their native beds, 

Awhile put forth their blufhing heads, 

But, e'er the clofe of parting day, 

They wither, fhrink, and die away : 

But, which mimic fkill hath made, 

Nor feorched by funs, nor killed by fhade, 

Shall blufh withlefs inconftant hue, 

Which art at plcafure can renew. Lloyd. 


Printed by Stephen Couchman, Throgmorton-Street. 

Publifhed by Sherwood, Neely, & Jones, 20, Patemojler-Rov, ; 

And Sold by the principal Bookfellers in Great-Britain and Ireland. 



[ 1592 ] 

oenothera missourensis. missouri 

Evening Primrose. 

Qqfs and Order, 


Generic Charafler. 

Col. 4-fidus, tubulofus. Petala 4. Cap/, 4-locularis, 4-vaIvis, 
infera. Sew. nuda. 

Specific Cbaracler. 

OENOTHERA miffourenfis : foliis lanceolatis marginatis dif- 
tanter glandulofo-denticulatis, petalis ferrulatis, capfulis 
ellipticis quadrialatis pedicellatis. 

The flowers of the Miflburi Evening Primrore are large and 
fhewy. In the denticulation of the leaves, and the length of 
the tube of the calyx, it refembles longifiora, but is a much 
fmoother plant, and differs materially "in the fruit, which is 
frnooth, oval, four-winged, and ftands on a footftalk inftead of 
being feflile, cylindrical, and hifpid. The root is faid to be 

Found by Mr. Nuttall in the neighbourhood of the 
Miflburi in North- America, who brought many novel and curious 
plants from that country; fome of which that flowered at 
Liverpool laft year, he kindly tranfmitted us recent fpecimens 
of. But our draughtfman being unfortunately ablent on a 
journey into Wales at the time, we had no opportunity of 
availing ourfelves of them for this work. 

We do not find that this fpecies has been before noticed : it 
feems to differ from every one defcribed by Miciuux or by 
Pursh, whofe valuable Flora, fpeedily to be published, we 
have been favoured with the opportunity of confulting. Flowers 
in June and luly. Communicated from the Sloane-Square 
Nurfery by Meffrs. J. and J. T. Fraser. 

C 1593 ] 

oenothera cvespitosa. matted 
Evening Primrose. 

♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦& 

Clafs and Order. 


Generic Charatler. 

Cat. 4-fidus, tubulofus. Petala 4. Cap/. 4-IocuIaris, 4-valvis, 
infera. Sent, nuda. 

Specific Charatler, 

CENOTHERA c<efpitofa; acaulis, foliis lanceolatis incifo* 
dentatis, capfulis feffilibus, calycis tubo longifhrrjo, petalis 
bilobis diftantibus. 

At firft fight, this fpecies appears to have a near affinity with 
CEnothera tetraptera (No. 468). The flowers, as in that, are 
perfectly white on their firft expanfion, and change in fading to a 
purplifh red. But the germens in this are feflile, not obovate, and 
nearly cylindrical, with fmall undulated wings at the four angles ; 
the tube of the calyx is three times longer than the petals, 
refembling in this refpecl longifiora, No. 365. Root perennial. 

In the evening CEnothera aefpitofa is a beautiful flower, 
and agreeably fcented. Native of Upper Louifiana in North- 
America : difcovered we believe by Mr. Nuttall. Our 
drawing was taken from a plant communicated by Meflrs. 
Fraser, of the Sloane-Square Nurfery. Flowers in June. 
Has not, we believe, been defcribed before. 


IhJ.Si-'ffarfa Wa/w 

C *594 ] 

Lachn^a purpurea. Purple-flowered 

♦♦♦♦M ♦♦♦♦♦♦$ ♦♦♦♦ 

Oafs and. Order. 


Generic Characler. 


Col. o. Cor. 4-fida : limbo insequali. Nux fubdrupacea. 
Specific Character and Synonyms. 

LACHNtEA purpurea; foliis lineari-lanceolatis quadrifariam 

oppofitis patentibus. 
LACHN7EA purpurea; foliis oppofitis quadrifariam imbricatis, 

capitulis glabris. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 2. p. 415. 
LACHN^EA purpurea. Bot. RepoJ. 293. 

This fpecies is, in the Hortus Kewenfis, attempted to be 
diftinguifhed from eriocephala by the fmoothnefs of its capitula; 
but this character by no means holds, the woolinefs being very 
variable in degree in both fpecies ; for though the corolla is 
lefs hairy in purpurea, yet the infide of the fcales of the involucre 
is often covered with a denfe wool ; and fometimcs in eriocephala 
this woolinefs is much diminifhed by the almoit. total want of 
the involucre, as in our figure, No. 1295. In the prefent 
fpecies we have obferved the woolinefs to remain long after the 
flowers have difappeared. The chief diftincf ion is, the leaves of 
purpurea being far lefs clofely imbricated, longer, and more 
pointed: the lacinise of the corolla too are both longer and 
more acute. The filaments are inferted at the fuperior edge of 
the tube, as in Passerina. 

The Lachn/ea purpurea is a handfome grecnhoufe fhrub, 
and takes up but little room. It requires plenty of frefh air, 
being very apt to damp off in the winter if kept too clofe. 

Flowers in June and July. Introduced by George Hib- 
bert, Efq. from the Cape of Good Hope. Our drawing was 
made at Meffrs. Lee and Kennedy's, Hammerfmith ; we re- 
ceived it alfo from Meffrs. Loddiges and Sons. 

[ 1595 ] 
Viola Montana. Mountain Violet. 

Clafs and Order, 

Pentandria Monogynia. 
(Syngenesia Monogamia Linn.) 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-phyIlus. Cor. 5-petala, irregularis, poftice cornuta. 
Anth. cohaerentes. Cap/, fupera, 3-valvis, l-locularis. 

Specific CharaEler and Synonyms. 

VIOLA montana : caulibus ereftis, foliis cordato-lanceolatis, 

ftipulis femipinnatis. 
VIOLA montana ,- caulibus ereftis, foliis cordatis oblongis. 

Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 2. p. 46. Willd. Sp. PL 1. p. 1164. 

Fl. Suec. 2. 787. Gmel. Sib. 4. p. 97. Willich ObJ. n. 94. 

Krocker Silef. No. 1485. Hilars Daupb. 1. p. 669. 
VIOLA montana ; caulibus ere&is foliis cordato-lanceolatis, 

floribus ferioribus apetalis. Roth. Germ. 1. p. 105 et 2. 

p. 270. 
VIOLA caule lato, erefto, foliis ellipticis, crenatis, ftipulis 

femipinnatis. Hall. Helv. n. 567. 
VIOLA fylveftris longifolia. Tabernam. 305. ed. Germ. 682 f 
VIOLA martia furre&is cauliculis. Lob. Icon. 610. 
VIOLA martia arborefcens purpurea. Bauh. Pin. 199. Garid. 

Aix. t. 99. fig. pejjima. 
VIOLA eretta flore caeruleo et albo. Hort. Eyjl. Morif. Hijl, 

2. p. 475. f.5.7.7./ 7- 
MATER VIOLARUM Dalechampii. Hijl. Lugd. 1, p. 690. 

ed. Gallic. 
VIOLA arborefcens. Cam. Epit. 911. 
VIOLA elatior. Cluf. Hijl. 1. 309. fine icone. 
VIOLA caerulea longifolia. Rivin. Pentap. 121. 
JACEA tricolor furre&is caulibus, quibufdarn arborea dicta. 

Bauh. Hijl. 3. p. 547. 


This fpecies was well known to the older Botanifts ; but, 
owin<* to the imperfection of their wooden cuts, has frequently- 
been confounded with tricolor. It is a native of Siberia, Swit- 
zerland, and of moft mountainous dinricts in fouthern Europe. 

The term arborefcens was applied to it, not from any woodinefs 
in the ftem, which is perfectly herbaceous, but merely on account 
of its gigantic ftature, when compared with the common violet : 
a loofe way of fpeaking not unufual in thofe times. 

It varies in height from lix inches to a foot and half; is 
ufually without fcent j but Matthiolus mentions his receiving 
a violet, apparently of this fpecies, from Calzolarius, who 
gathered it on Monte Baldo, and which had a charming odour. 

Willich, in his obfervations, remarks that the corollas, 
which in the lower flowers are large and fhewy, become fmaller 
in the fuperior ; and that the uppermoft flowers have none at all ; 
and Roth obferves, that the inferior flowers with large corollas 
are frequently barren, but that the fuperior apetalous flowers 
which continue blowing later in the fummer, are conftantly 
fertile. This circumflance, of fertile flowers without corollas 
continuing to be produced after all the fhewy blofloms axe over, 
is common to feveral fpecies of violets. 

A hardy perennial; propagated by parting its roots; flowers 
va May and June. Cultivated by Mr. James Sutherland, 
in the Edinburgh Garden, in 1683, Communicated by the 
Hon. Mr. Herbert. 

7 '«<. t,y t/- fh rfc Wo/»> 

C 1596 ] 


#♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦!» < »#♦♦♦ ♦♦♦♦ 

Oafs and Order. 

Hexandria Monocynia. 

Generic Character. 

Inflor. erefta, divifa, bratleolis fingularibus pedunculo fingulo 
fuboppofitis fquamata. Cat. o. Cor. infera, hexapetalo-partita, 
vegularis, aequalis, radiato-reffafta, difco barbata. Stam. im- 
mediate hypogyna, erefto-patentia ; fit. nuda ; antb. oblongs, 
introrfse, ere&o-reclinatae. Piji. fublongius, inclufum ; genu. 
ovato-pyramidatum, 3-loc, loculis biferiate polyfpermis ; jiylus 
continuus, 3-ftriato-fubulatus (3-partibilis Pitrfh) ; Jligma punctual 
fimpliciflimura. G. 

Obs. Heibafafciculatimcafpitofa; radix perennis, repens ; folia pauca, 
collaterali-dijlicha, lineari-enfata, pilis rarls adfperfa, Jiriatula, fir inula ; 
caul is altior, teres, JlriftiuJ cuius, fubuniarticulaius cum folio in nodo, 
Janatus ; fiores cymofo-paniculati, ramuli ereclo-patenles, pedunculis paucis 
unijloris Jubfajciculato-fecundis tenninati ; foJiolo bracleaceo Jphacelato ad 
divifuras ; corolla parva, fujco-fuhicfccns, ante anlheftn imbncato-ovata , 
laciniis lanceolatis, intus Juperne glabris ; barbae pili jiavi, fimplices, ad 
lentcm injlar TradesCANTI arum articulofi ; anth. aurant'iaca, fila- 
mento barba fubifometro aliquoties breviores ; cyma bracleola et corolla exiirne 
pills albis fvnplicibus non articulrfis lanatce. Ex punclis nonnuliis collintut 
Narthecium. ^Conostylide (Brown Prod. Fl. Nov. Holl. 1. 
300 ab Anigozantho difficult er JejunclaJ ut et a Lan'ARIA (Argo- 
l a s i a Juffi. )Jignh pluribus,prafcrtim corolla nonjupera, aperte dijlante. G. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

LOPHIOLA atirea. G. 

CONOSTYLIS amcrkana. Furfi Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1. 224; cum 

ARGOLASIA aurea. Furjh Catal. 

Desc. Leaves 2 — 4, fhortcr by the half than the flowcr- 
ucm, about two lines broad, reddening towards the lower part ; 


Jiem fomewhat thicker than a crow-quill, about a foot and half 
high, thickly pubefcent upwards, thinly downwards ; we did not 
perceive that the bloom had any fcent ; piftil green ; upper brafles 
nearly obfolete j in our fpecimen the jkm was 2-trichotomous. 
The drawing was made from a plant fent us by Mr. Kent, from 
his collection at Clapton, in Auguft laft. Native of North- 
America. Introduced by Mr. Lyon in 1812. Hardy. G, 


r :'i^Edvi,rdr Del 

ru tjr ./ a& hla^m, r , 

C *597 ] 

Tradescantia subaspera. Lyon's new 


■%■%• ^4fr $•■$• jHfr $•$• +%$$%+% $- £•$- $-$ -Jffr 

Generic Charatlcr. — Vide No. 1435. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

TRADESCANTIA fubafpera ; (dijlachya ; corolla rot at a > Jlamim 
umformia;) radice perenni; foliis recurvo-divaricatis, paucis, 
ovato-lanceolatis, complicato-patentibus, longiusacuminatis, 
carinatis, nervofis, villo breviflimo afperiufculis, margine 
ciliato-fcabratis, deorfum laxe undulatis, ore petioli vagi- 
nantis pilis aliquot ad fperfis; caule erecto, patule ramofo, 
pauciarticulato, compreffo-tereti, glabro, internodiis Ion- 
giufculis ; racemis pluriHoris, umbellato-contraclis, invo- 
lucro bifoliaceo aliquoties brevioribus ; braQeis occultatis; 
pedicellis flore brevioribus, craffiufculis, villofis, poft 
anthefin rugofis ; calyce villofo, fegmentis ovato-oblongis; 
corolla triplo majore, laciniis ovatis, obtufis ; filamentis 
duplo brevioribus, nifi prope apicem hirfutis ; antheris 
tranfverfe renato-didymis ; ftylo ftamina alterna fubbreviora 
aequante; ftigmate pufillo, fubcapitellato, aperto. G. 

TRADESCANTIA crijlataf ereBa, fubtevis, ramofior, foliis 
longioribus, recurvis, fubciliatis, floribus caeruleis, con- 
geftis, antheris aureis, pedunculis latcralibus terminalibuf- 
quc. Walt. Flor. Carol. 120; (nee aliorum.) 

Desc. Root foboliferous, fiems many growing in a tuft or 
fafcicle, two feet or more high, about the thicknefs of the finger 
towards the bafe ; branches (fometimes only one) (lightly patent ; 
leaves of an opaque dark green colour, roughifh to the touch, 
efpecially at the edge, about fix inches long, one and half 
broad ; in the fpecimens we faw, the umbels were two, decufTatcly 
difpofed, the one terminating the Item, the other the branch; 
pedicle s purple, fcarcely an inch long; corolla violet-coloured; 
anthers deep yellow ; Jligma white. Evidently diJUncl from 

-cirginha (videfupra No. 105), which has a narrower longer fome- 
what grafs-like foliage, of a clear bright green colour* entirely 
imooth as well as even-edged and not undulate, an exa6tly 
rounded ftem, and longer pedicles which are neither purple nor 
finally wrinkled. Native of North-America. Grows luxuriantly 
in the open ground in the Nurfery of MciTrs. Lee and Kennedy 
at Hammerlmnh, where our drawing was made. Introduced 
by Mr. Lyon in 1812. G. 


C 1598 ] 

Tradescantia crassifolia. Tuberous- 
rooted Spiderwort. 

♦♦♦♦♦♦♦»♦♦»»» »♦»♦ $ ♦» »» 

Generic Charatler. — Fide No. 1435. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

TRADESCANTIA craffifoUa; {dijlachya; corolla rotate ; Jlamina 
uniformia t ) radice tuberofa, perenni ; foliis multis, divari- 
catis, ovato-oblongis, acuminatis, decrefcentibus, coriaceo- 
craflis, a fupino papillofo-nitentibus, a prono et margine 
denfe fericeis, nervis pellucidis, vagina petiolari brevi ; 
caule procumbente, multiarticular, tereti, lanuginofo^ 
ramofo ; racemis umbellato-aggregatis, plurifloris ; invo- 
lucro flores lequante vel breviore, caulis bifoliacco ; 
bradcis occultatis; pedicellis calycibufque villofis; corolla- 
laciniis ovato-orbiculatis ; ftaminibus quarta circitcr bre- 
vioribus, alternis fublongioribus j filamentis nifi apice 
hirfutis, antheris tranfverfis, lunulads, difl'epimemo com- 
preflo, loculis latiore; genuine hirfuto; ftigmate fubtrilobo- 
explanato, glandulofo-pruinato. G. 

TRADESCANTIA crajfifolia. Cavan.Ic. 1. 54. tab. 75. Parad. 
Land. tab. 59. liort. Kezv. ed. 2. 2. 204. W:Ud. Sp.Pl 2. 17, 

In the fpecimens we have feen, the Hems have been from 
two to four, about three feet long, and about as thick as a large 
quill ; branches from the axils of the upper leaves, fhort, 
patent ; of thefe the inflorefcence was monoftachyous, of the 
ftem diftachyous ; leaves of a dark green colour when the 
plant has been kept during the fummer in an airy greenhouie, 
but the reverfe when it has been continued in the (love, lower 
nearly three inches long and one and half broad, upper two- 
thirds \ck-„ joints of the item 2—3 inches long ; calyx and pedicle 
green; corolla purple-violet, about an inch in diameter, opening 
early in the day, of only three or four hours duration : a 
yellow. Blooms from July to November. Native of Mexico. 


Introduced by the late Lady Bute, in 1796. A (love plant. 
The drawing was made from the collection of Mr. John 
Hall, at Notting- Hill. G. 


No. 1576, 1. 10, pro "fpatha univalvi?" lege "fpatha bivalvi.' 
■ "" I. fr° ra bottom, expunge «* and." 

t "ffpp. 

L J 599 ] 

Helonias graminea. Grass-leaved 

Generic Chamaer.—Vide No. 1540. 

Specific CbaraHer and Synonyms. 

HELONIAS graminea ; (hermaphrodita : ) foliis a piano obverfis, 
flaccidius gramineis, radicaiibus paucis, fafciculato-diver- 
genubus, recurvis, ligulato-attenuatis, canal iculatis, cari- 
natis, dorfo glaucefcentibus, caulinis pluribus, fparfim 
diftantibus, amplexicauiibus, decrefcentibus; caule radi- 
cahbus aliquoties altiori, culmiformi, ftriaiufculo; racemo 
compohto, difFufius paniculato, numerofb, laxiufculo, ra- 
cemulis plurimis, fparfim diftantibus, divaricatis rachide 
fihformi flexili, infimis fubcompofkis, terminali fpicatirn 
ere&o; foliolo bradeaceo ad divifuras; pedicellis flore 
duplo brevioribus ; corolla braaeolam fingularem ovato- 
convolutam parum fuperante, recurvo-ftellata, laciniis 
eglandulofis, oblongo-acuminatis, inierioribus fuban<mfti- 
onbus, fubulatis; ftaminibus 3-plo brevioribus, er?ais, 
apice recurvatis; filamentis fetaceis ; antheris pufillis, 
ovato-globofis; germine femiinfero, ftylofo-triroftri. G 

1. i? ESC * Ji S ab ° Ut r ° Ur ' 6 ~7 Inches lon S> about 

half an inch broad, of a clear green on the innerlide; ftcm about 
the fize of a common oat-ftraw, about two feet and half high - 
panicle a Toot or more in length; fpikelets 15— 30-flowered' 
2—3 inches long ; flowers fmall, flightly fragrant, white, fuffufed' 
with purple on the outfide ; fegments about two lines lon<r - 
germen more deeply immerfed in the corolla than ufual in the 
genus, polyfpermous j ovula afcendent. Native of North- 
America. The drawing was made from a plant which flowered 
in Mr. Kent's colkaion at Clapton, in Auguft laft; and had 
been purchafed by that gentleman of Mr. Lyon, by whom it 
was introduced in 1812. Hardy. We can find no traces of 
the fpecies in any work known to us. It has much of the habit 
of the Zicadenus glabcvrimus of Michaux; but differs in 
the charaaer of the flower. G, 



/■tS&yfer i/c. 

[ i6oo ] 

Sabbatia calycosa. Dichotomous 

Clafs and Order. 
Pentandria Monocynia. 

Generic Charatler. 

Cal. 5— 12-fidus. Cor. rotata, 5 — 12-partita. Anther* demum 
revolutae. Stigmata 2, ftylo ereBo longiora, mox fpiraliter con- 
torta. Cap/. 1-loculaiis, receptaculis feminum 2, lateralibus, 
bifidisj revolutis. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

SABBATIA calyco/a; caule diffufo dichotomo, foliis ovato- 
lanceolatis, floribus folitariis, calyce fubfexfido foliaceo 
corollam exccdente. 

SABBATIA calyco/a. Purfi Fl. Bor.-Am. p. 138. 

CHIRONIA calyco/a; foliis oblongo-obovalibus : floribus fo- 
htanis fubfeptempartitis: calyce foliaceo corollam fuperante. 
Michaux Fl. Bor.-Am. 1. p. 147. Per/oon Syn. 1. p. 283. 

CHIRONIA? dichotoma : foliis feflilibus, ovato-lanceolatis, 
caule fubtereti dichotomo, floribus folitariis pedunculos 
longos terminantibus : calyce longiore quam corolla, quae 
purpurea fundo flavo. Walter FL Carol p. 95. 

Desc Stem diffufe, branched, fomewhat angular, femidicho- 
tomous, or having one branch of the dichotomy frequently want- 
ing. Leaves ovate-lanceolate, narrowed downwards, fpreadin<r, 
fmooth. Flowers folitary on long erea peduncles. Calyx inferior^: 
bafe cup-fhaped : /egments for the moft part fix, fefdom more, 
lometimes five, leaflike, fpreading, longer than the Corolla, which 
is one-petaled : tube fhort : limb divided into as many obovate 
laamx as the calyx, with the fegments of which they alternate. 


Stamens 5 — 6 ; filaments erect, inferted in the margin of the tube, 
anthers rolling back after the dilcharge of the pollen. Germen 
nearly round : Jlyle ereft, dividing into two long fpreadmg Jiigmas, 
which are finally twilled fpirally. Capfule one-celled : receptacles 
of the feeds 2, lateral, divided into two revolute branches. 
Seeds globular. 

The genus Sabbatia was firft propofed by Adanson, and 
named in honour of two Italian Botanifts, Const an tine and 
Liberatus Sabbati. Linn/eus united it with Chiron%a, 
from which Mr. Salisbury has, we think, very properly 
feparated it. All the American fpecies hitherto reiened to 
Chiron 1 a appear to belong to this genus. 

Native of Carolina. A hardy perennial, or perhaps biennial. 
Propagated either by feeds or parting the roots. Flowers molt 
part of the fummer. Introduced by Mr. Knight, of the 
Exotic Nurfery, King's-Road. 



-Put. iyr SG»&s WalrorZL/Mi.iffj 


[ 1601 ] 


Oafs and Order. 
Syngenesia Frustranea. 

Generic Chara&er. 

Recept. paleaceum, conicum. Pappus margine 4-dentato. Cat. 
duplici ordine fquamarum. 

Specific Cbaracler and Synonym. 

RUDBECKIA cohimnaris ; foliis pinnatifidis : foliolis lanceo- 
latis, exterioribus ordinatim majoribus, receptaculo cylin- 
draceo elongate 

RUDBECKIA cohimnaris ; caule ftriclo fimplici fummitate 
paucifloro, pedunculis elongatis, foliis pinnatifidis incifis, 
laciniis linearibus, calyce fimplici, 5-phyllo, radiis 5—8, 
difco cylindraceo elongato. 

This new fpecies of Rudbeckia was introduced, we believe, 
by Mr. Nuttall, from the country of the Miflburi; our 
drawing was taken at the Nurfery of Melfrs. J. and J. T. Fk as e r, 
in Sloane-Square. It is fweet-fcented, of low (la'ture, and but 
little branched. Flowers in Augult and September. Root 
perennial and hardy, "but it may be fafeft to preferve fome under 
a frame during the winter. 


Putiy ,/.' furtvH-, 

[ 1&>2 ] 

Galardia bicolor. Two-coloured 


#h|h M *#♦*»!«$♦ *♦»!» ♦♦♦ ♦♦ 

Clafs and Order. 
Syngenesia Frustranea. 

Generic Charatler. 

Receptaculum paleaceum, hemifphaericum. Pappus paleaceus, 
polyphyllus. Cat. imbricatus 3 polyphyllus, planus. Cor. radii 

Specific Cbaracler and Synonyms. 

GALARDIA bicolor ; caule ramofo, foliis caulinis lanceolatis 

fubdentatis : radicalibus dentato-pinnatifidis, paleis pappi 

integerrimis ariftatis. 
GALARDIA bicolor ; caule ramofo, foliis Ianceolatis, paleis 

pappi integerrimis ariftatis. Willd.Sp. PL §.p. 2245. Hort. 

Ke^v. ed. alt. 5. p. 129. Perfoon Syn. 2. p. 476. 
GALARDIA bicolor. Lamarck Encyc. 2. p. 585. Illujl. Gen. 

t. 708. Pur/h Fl. Bor.-Am. 572. 
GALARDIA lanceolata ; foliis angufte cuneato-lanceolatis fub- 

integris, radiis pallidis paucioribus aut nullis, paleis pappi 

integris ariftatis. Michaax Fl. Bor.-Am. 2. p. 142. 
GAILLARDA pulchella. Fougeroux Mem, de l"Acad. des Sc. de 

Paris 1 7 80, p. 1 & 6. 
CALOX'VEA pulcherrima. Bucboz Icon. t. 126. 
VIRGI LI A belioides. HHerit. Mwog. Smith Exot. Bot. 1. /. 37. 

The Galardia bicolor is a handfome herbaceous plant with 
fragrant llowers, which appear to vary coniiderably both in fize 
and colour, as alfo in the number of florets in the radius; 
if more than one fpecies are not in reality confounded under 
this name. Michaux defcribes the ray as pale-coloured, few- 
flowered, or even totally wanting. 

L'Heritier gave the appellation of Virgilia to this 
plant, in which he has been followed by our friend Dr. Smith; 
but Lamarck's name, having "the right of priority, has been 
adopted in the Hortus Keweniis. 

Native of the Carolinas and Florida. Flowers in May, June, 
and July. Communicated from the collection of James Vere, 
Efq. at Kenlington-Gore, by Mr. Anderson, who informs us 
that the root is perennial, not aimual 3 as it is ulually faid to be. 

. \ Wt t. 

• > : VM/M 

[ i6°3 ] 

Convolvulus candicans. Tenassee 

#»»*»♦» »»»♦»$$»»» 

Clafs and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. campanula*, plicata. Stigmata 2. Cap/. 2-Iocularis : 
loculis difpermis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

CONVOLVULUS candicans s (volubilis, glaber) foliis cordatis, 
acummatis mtegerrimis, pedunculis multifloris ebra&eatis, 
foliolis calycinis extcrioribus nervofis obtufis. 

CONVOLVULUS candicans; foliis cordatis intcgerrimis pan- 
durasformibufve fubtus fubpilofis, pedunculis glabris mul- 
tifloris, calycibus laevibus : foliolis exteuoribus obtufis 
So/and. MJJ. Banks Herb. 

CONVOLVULUS flore maximo albo, tubo intus purpureo, 
folus panduraeformibus et nonnullis cordatis. Clayton 
n. 641. ? 

CONVOLVULUS foliis inferioribus cordatis fuperioribus tri- 
lobis, calycibus pedunculis petiolifque glabris, caule cami- 
lefcente. Gronov. Fl. Virg. 1. 141 — 2. p. 28.? 

CONVOLVULUS panduratus. Michaux Fl. Bor.-Amer 1 
p. 138. ? 

Several fpecies of this genus are fo prone to vary in the 
form of their leaves, degree of pubefcence, and even in the 
number of flowers upon the fame peduncle, that no great ftrefs 
can be laid upon any of thefe chafers feparately, yet perhaps 
there are often no better to be found, to eitablifh a fpecific 
uiitinction upon. 

This variablenefs of charaBer often renders it extremely dif- 
ficult to afcertain the fynonymy, and leaves us in doubt whether 


fome of the fynonyms applied to Convolvulus panduraius 
of do not really belong to this fpecies. From the 
one figured by Dillenius, however, which is always referred 
to panduraius, our plant appears to be fufficiently diftinct in all 
the above-mentioned characters ; having many more flowers on 
one peduncle, and being quite fmooth in every part, except a 
very minute tomentum on the underfide of the leaves. It ap- 
pears too to be a much larger plant than panduratus, and the 
bloffoms exceed in fize thofe of every other fpecies that we 
have feen. This fpecies feems to have a very near affinity with 
Convolvulus Jalapa (No. 1572) and is perhaps the fame as 
that defcribed under this name in the fixth edition of Miller's 
Dictionary. - 

We are indebted to the Honourable Mr. Herbert, for 
the opportunity of prcfcnting our readers with a reprefentation 
of this beautiful plant, from whom we learn that it has a large 
tuberous root, and is probably fufficiently hardy to bear our 
winters without protection j but our fummers are fcarcely 
warm enough to make it bloffom well. The fpecimen from 
which our drawing was made was aided by artificial heat in the 
fpring, and it was obferved that the flowers in the latter part of 
the fummer were not nearly fo large and fhewy as thofe pro- 
duced in the warm funny weather. For the confervatory, 
Mr. Herbert obierves, it is a magnificent plant, growing 
about fifteen feet high, and flowering abundantly mod part of 
the fummer. It produced no feeds, but may be propagated by 
cuttings of the root. 

In the Bankfian Herbarium, we find a very good fpecimen 
of our plant which flowered at Kew, in the year 1776; at 
which time it was defcribed, and named by Dr. Solan der ; 
but has not been taken up in either edition of the Hortus 


[ i6oi ] 


%■ *• M- *#■ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ■ ♦♦♦♦$♦♦♦ % 

Generic Character. — Fide No. 1496. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

IRIS fihirka. Vide Char. Spec.fupra No. 1163. G. 

(«.) Vide fupra No. 50. 

((3.) Vide fupra No. 1163. 

(y.j foliis primo fanguineo-rubentibus, demum viridibus ; co- 
rolla majore, caerulea puniceo-fuffufa. G. 

IRIS fanguinea. Donn Hort. Cant. ed. 6. 17. 

IRIS orien talis. Linn. Tranf. 2. 328..? Willd. Sp. PI. 1. 
237.? Vahl Enum. 2. 127; (ubi male collocatur in feflione 
barbatarum ; et profynonymo I. fibiricae e Flora japonica, aliud 
habet germanicae quod non extat in diclo opere.) ? 

IRIS fibirica. Tbunb. Jap. 33 ? 

Differs from all the known varieties of fibirica in the rednefs of 
the foliage during the earlier ftage of growth, in the fize, colour, 
and fugitivenefs of the flowers, which are faid not to Iaft more 
than an hour or two, as well as by afhorter peduncle and ftriate 
flem. Probably a diftinct fpecies. We have added a mark of 
doubt to the fynonyms adduced to this plant, merely on ac- 
count of the uncertainty of its habitat. It agrees in all points 
with the defcription of Thunberc's orientalis, at firft confidered 
by him to be the fame with fbirica. Introduced by George 
Hibbert, Efq. about 1790; faid to have come from Siberia; 
but upon inquiry, that circumftance appeared doubtful. 

Our drawing was made from a plant derived from Mr. 
Hibbert's original flock, which flowered in June laft, at 
Meffrs. Whitley and Brame's Nurfery, King's-Road, Ful- 
ham. If really from Siberia, it is mod probably to be found 
alfo in China and Japan. G. 

ffl/fd* n. 


A '/Vt<,f,A 

J'yd" 1 £d*ardt P *£■ 

[ 1605 A. & B. ] 

Crinum amabile. Sir Abraham Hume's 


Clqfs and Order. 
Hexandria Monocynia. 

Generic QjaraCler. Amaryllidis fpecies. Juff. B u l b i n e . Gtertn. 

Umbel la ramentis bra&eaceis interftincla,^//^?;/ generalem, 
bivalvem exceclente. Cal. o. Cor. fupera, regularis, tubulofo-fex- 
fida, tubo ftriclo, limbo fexpartito,radiato, fubaequali. Slam, tubum 
decurrentia, inde divergentia ; anih. lineares, vibratae. Stylus re- 
clinatus. Cap/, membranacea, oblato-fphEerica, pulvinatim 3- 
loba, 3-loc. ; /em. numerofa, horizontalia, ferie duplici congefta, 
fepti margini interiori utrinque annexa, angulofo campreffa, vel 
nunc in loculo quem replet precociufve dirumpit unum aut et 
alterum emollefcente albumine tuberofo-laxatum. G. 

Obs. ^Amaryllidibus hngitts tubukjis /ola reguhritate corcllit 
dlverfum ; a Pa NCR AT IO de/eclu membrana jlaminilegte. HjIMANTHO 
peraffine. Bui bus nunc humo infidet inftar caudicis vcl Jiipitis prolongatus. 
Folia fafciculatQ-divergentia t obhngo-loratove-lanceolatay canaliculato-cxpli- 
canda. G. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

CRINUM amabile; foliis numerofis, recumbentibus, lorato- 
lanceolatis, glauciufculis, margine integerrimo ; umbella 
numerofa, laxa ; pcdicellis tereti-trigonis, germine lon- 
gioribus, tubo floris pluries brevioribus; germine ovali, 
rotundato, exfulco, lasvi ; corollae tubo laciniis ligulato- 
lanceolatis fubbreviore ; filamentis limbo ferme duplo 
brevioribus ; antheris obliquo-vibratis, longitudine dimidii 
filamenti; ftylolongiori, inclufo; fligmate obtufo, fubaperto, 
puberulo. G. 

CRINUM amabile. Bonn Hort. Cant. ed. 6. 83. 

Desc. Leaves four feet or more in length, nearly four indhes 
broad; umbel in our fpecimen twenty -four flowered; flowers 


exceedingly fragrant, white fuffufed with crimfon, rather more 
than nine inches long, anthers about an inch long, purple as 
well as the filaments and ftyle. Comes very near to the Crinum 
Iatifoliu)?i of Linn * us, injudicioufly transferred to the genus 
Amaryllis by Willdenow; but is a far larger plant, and 
differs in the form of the leaves. That fpecies we believe has 
not yet found its way into our collections : but there is a figure 
of it among Dr. Roxburgh's unpublifhed drawings of Co- 
romandel plants in Sir Joseph Banks's library. 

The fpecimen from which our drawing was made, flowered laft 
July, in Sir Abraham Hume's hot-houfe at Wormleybury. 
Introduced by Dr. Roxburgh, in 1810, from the Eaft-Indies. 

We have thought it right to add a diminifhed outline of the 
whole of this magnificent plant, in a feparate plate, which ac- 
companies that of a part of its infiorefcence of the natural 
fize. G. 


,£ m EJw,, 


[ 1606 ] 

oenothera glauca. glaucous-le aved 

Clafs and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cat. 4-fidus, tubulofus. Petala 4. Cap/. 4-locularis, 4-valvis, 
eylindrica, infera. Sem. nuda. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

OENOTHERA glauca ; glaberrima, foliis lato-ovalibusrepando- 
fubdentatis laevigatas, capfulis ovatis tetragonis pedicellatis. 
Purjb Flor. Bor.-Am. 262. Michaux Fl. Bar. .Am. 1. p. 224. 

Mod of the Evening-Primroses grow in a rambling un- 
fightly manner, to which the CEnothera glauca makes a 
happy exception, the (terns being only about a foot high, fimplc, 
and growing many together. They are well clothed with fine 
glaucous -green oval leaves, not very unlike thofe of Androfae- 
mum, though fmaller. The flowers are large and fhewy, and 
have the unufual advantage of remaining open by day, as well 
as by night, unlefs expofed to a hot fun. So that altogether, 
this is one of the mod defirable of the whole genus. 

It has, we believe, been never before figuredj nor does it occur 
in the new edition of the Hortus Kewenfis. 

Native of the molt weftern parts of North-America towards 
the country of the Illinois, near the Miflifippi. Seems to be 
perfectly hardy, and may, we fuppofe, be eafily propagated by 
parting its roots, if it mould not produce ripe feeds. Introduced 
by Mr. Lyons. Our drawing was made from a plant com- 
municated by MefTrs. Dungate and Wooster, Nurferymen, 
at Brixton. It is alfo an inhabitant of the Botanic Garden, 
Sloane- Street. 

Puh- If J' Curt* W*Uerl&,Jan,r. fftf. 

J? if an I, 

[ l6 °7 ] 

Vagcinium diffusum. Shining-leaved 

Oafs and Order. 


Generic Charafter. 

Cat. fuperus. Cor. l-petala. Filam. receptaculo inferta. Bacca 
4 — 5-locularis, polyfperma. 

Specific CharaHer and Synonyms, 

VACCINIUM diffufum; pedunculis axillaribus folitariis (in 
racemo fecundo) corollis campanulatis nutantibus, foliis 
ovatis acutis obfolete glandulofo-denticulatis. 

VACCINIUM diffufum; pedunculis folitariis nudis unifloris, 
foliis ovatis acutis obfolete ferratis villofiufculis. Ait. Hort. 
Kew. 2. p. 11. ed. alt. 2. p. 356. Willd. Sp. PL 2. 
p. 351. Perfocn Syn. 1. p. 479. 

VACCINIUM arboreum ; foliis petiolatis, obovalibus, mucro- 
natis : racemis bra&eatis : corolla campanulata acute quinque- 
fida : antheris dorfo ariftatis. Michaux Fl. Bor.-Am. l. p. 230. 
Perfoon Syn. 1. p. 479. 

VACCINIUM arboreum; foliis petiolatis obovalibus utrinque 
acutis mucronatis glandulofo-ferrulatis, fupra nitidis reti- 
culato-venofis, fubtus fubpubefcentibus, racemis brac- 
teatis nutantibus, pedicellis axillaribus folitariis filiformibus, 
corollis cylindrico-campanulatis ; laciniis acutis, antheris 
inclufis dorfo ariftatis. Purjb Fl. Bor.-Am. 285. 

That the plant here reprefented is the Vaccinium diffufum of 
the Hortus Kewenfis, we have the authority of the Ipecimen 
from the Royal Garden at Kew, preferved in the Bankfian 
Herbarium. » 

Our drawing was taken from a pUnt imported from South- 
Carolina, by Mr. Lyons, and purchaled from his collection, 


by Me firs. Loddiges and Sons, under the name of arhoreum / 
and we fee no reafon to doubt that it really is the arhoreum of 
Miciiaux. The apparent difference in the characters feems 
to arife from a different mode of conceiving the fame thing : 
Dr. Solander confidering the peduncles, which grow fingly 
from the axils of each leaf, as being folitary ; whilft Michaux 
regards the flowering extremities of the branches as racemes, 
and the leaves at the bafe of each pedicle as bra&es. 

According to the laft-mentioned author, this fpecies grows 
into a tree fifteen or twenty feet high. With us it forms a 
diffufe irregular fhrub, with red flexuofe branches. Leaves al- 
ternate, elliptical, pointed, fhining on the upper fide and flightly 
pubefcent underneath, margins recurved and befet here and 
there with little glands, giving an obfoletely toothed appearance : 
footftalks very fhort. Tafte of the leaves agreeably acid. The 
flowers grow from the extreme branches on folitary filiform 
peduncles curved at the point, one from the axil of each leaf, 
alternate, yet looking all one way. Or, perhaps, thefe leaves 
may as properly be confidered as bracles; though they differ 
not from the other leaves on the fame branches. On the branches 
without flowers the leaves are nearly twice the fize, but are in 
other refpe£ls fimilar. Corollas campanulate with the lacinize 
recurved at the point : in our fpecimen pure white. Stamens 
included: Anthers two-awned. 

Native of North and South-Carolina ; and is confidered as 
hardy, but will fcarcely bear the feverhy of our fprings without 
fome protection. Flowers from May to July. Propagated by 
cuttings or layers. Introduced into the Kew Garden in 17655 
by Mr. John Cree. 

■I), I 


[ 1608 ] 

Anchusa Ochroleuca. Pale-flowered 


#+•+* ** ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦• *HMHfr *■ #■ 

Clafs and Order. 
Pentandria Monocynia. 

Generic Characlcr. 

Cor. infundibuliformis, fauce claufa fornicibus. Sem. bafi 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

ANCHUSA ochroleuca; floribus aequalibus calycibus quinque- 
fidis : fruftiferis campanulatis nutantibus, foliis lineari- 
lanceolatis fubundulatis hifpido-ciliatis, braQeis calyce bre- 
vioribus. Marfchall a Bieb. Fl. Taur.-Caucaf. 1. p. 125. 

BUGLOSSUM fylveftre flore albo, folio anguRiore. Gerb. 
Tanaic. in Gmel. Sib. 4. p. 74. n. 13. /3. 

BUGLOSSUiM orientale flore luteo. Tourn. Cor. p. 6. ? 

This fpecies of Alkanet, which has fometimes been con- 
fidered as a variety of officinalis, was communicated to us by 
Mr. Salisbury, from his Botanic Garden, in Sloane-Street, 
in Auguft laft. He received it in the fpring, from the garden 
of Count Alexis de Razoumowsky, at Gorenki, near Mof- 
cow, by favour of Dr. Fischer. 

We know of no prior figure of this rare plant. 

Native of the Cafpian Caucafus, and of the neighbourhood 
of the Volga, growing among the herbage in the open campaign 

Biennial ; propagated by feeds, or parting the roots in the 


tfyif^Edvonlr £e/ 

Put ly 

C 1699 ] 

Heliotropium corymbosum. Large- 
flowered Turnsole. 

% % $~$ %-% *## »$ ** ♦ «NHft *- ^ 

Pentandria Monocynia. 

Generic Charatler. 

Cor. hypocrateriformis, 5-fida, interjeais dentibus : faucc 

Specific CharaEIer. 

HELIOTROPIUM corymbofum ; caule fruticofo, foliis lan- 
ceolato-ovatis bafi anguftatis, fpicis compofitis dichotomis, 
tubo corollas calyce bis longiore. 

HELIOTROPIUM corymbofum ; foliis oblongo-lanceoiatis, 
caule fruticofo fpicis terminalibus aggregato-corymbofis, 
laciniis calycinis longis fubulatis. Fior. Peruv. 2. p. 2. t. 107. 
f. a. Perl 0011 Syn. \. p 156. 

HELIOTROPIUM grandijiorum. Donn Fl. Cant. ed. 6. p. 42. 

The Heliotropium corymbofum, as a flowering fhrub, is far 
mote pleafing to the eye than the common fragrant fort (H. pe- 
rwvianum, Bot. Mag. No. 141.) but then it is devoid of that 
delightful perfume, for which the other is fo highly prized, 
the lcent of this, though fweet, being not very agreeable. 

We have obferved this plant for four or five years pad in 
fome of our more curious collections, where it has gone by the 
name of grandijiorum ; but it is undoubtedly the fpecies defcribed 
by Ruiz and Pavon in the Flora Peruviana. We were for 
fome time inclined to regard it as a mere accidental variety of 
H. peruvianum, with which it bears a near affinity ; upon a 
careful comparifon of the two, however, we were foon con- 
vinced of their being fpecifically diftinft. The {lowering /pikes 
of our pFefent plant inftcad of being crowded together, as in 


pefuvianum, are more diffufe, and fometimes, when fully ex- 
panded, even form a large dichotomous panicle j the teeth of 
the calyx are longer, narrower, and Iefs hifpid, as is the whole 
plant ; the tube of the corolla nearly twice the length of the 
calyx, and expanded upwards ; faux doled by means of five 
green foldings ; the leaves are longer, far more narrowed to- 
wards the footttalk, the tranfverfe veins not half fo numerous, 
nor running fo parallel. This fpecies is not taken up in the 
new edition of the Hortus Kewenfis. 

Native of Peru. Flowers moft part of the fummer. Re- 
quires the fame treatment, and is as eafily propagated, as the 
common Heiiotropium. 

Our drawing was taken at the Hammerfmith Nurfery, 
Meflrs. Lee and Kennedy, in September 1812. 



[ 1610 ] 


% g » fr » $ ft fr » » » » ft » fr ft jftft.frfrfrft.ft. 

Triandria Monocynia. 

Generic Characler. 

Cor. fupera (femiinfera G.)> fexpartita, perfiftens, glabra. laciniarum intcriorum impofita. Germ. 3-I00, loculis 
difpermis. S/y/^filiformis. hig. l (C 3. Q$ G7/>/ femifupera, 
3-loba, 3-loc, loculis difpermis. &nr. peltata, comprefla, mar- 

Obs. Herbas glabra. Radix <? tuberibus fafciculatis, fuftfarmibus, 
eoccineis. Caules fimplices (f. ramofi G.J, foliatl. Folia averja, plana, 
f. teretiufcula, baft femivaginanti. Flores corymbo/i, rarofpicati. Brown 
•Prod. Fl. Nov. Holl. 1. 299. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms, 

HiEMODORUM planifolium; foliis collaterali-difticbis, lineari- 
enfatisjfirmulis, <equato-nervofis, radicalibus paucis(4— 6 ?), 
caulinis alternatim diftantibus, ere&is, decrefcentibus ; caule 
plurimum altiori, ereclo, compreiTo-tereti, flexuofo, ramofo; 
floribus ere&is, corymbofo-paniculatis, pedunculis in ra- 
mulo fupernis, fafciculatis, unifloris, fingulo brafteolis Tub- 
binis, remotis; corolla tuibinaiim continua, imbricato- 
connivente, oblonga, fubaequali; laciniis rediufculis, ob- 
longatis, parum attenuatis, lineolatis, obtufis, tribus extimis 
una tenia parte ferme brevioribus ; ftaminibus intimarum 
et germinis jun&ioni infertis, inclufis; filamentis tereti- 
fubulatis, ftriais, apice incurvulis; antheris ere&is, fagit- 
tato-oblongis ; germine femifupero, depreflb-orbiculato, 
obfolete trilobo, tnftriato ; flylo trifulco-fetaceo, filamentis 
iriplo graciliori ; ftigmatibus brevibus, replicatis, antheras 
fubiuperantibus ; receptaculo feminum fingulo in frutlu 
adolejcenti loculum replente, bilaterali, fungofo-carnolo, 


purpureo-fuccofo, utrinque fcmen peltato-lenticulare in 
foveola ferente. G. 
H/EMODORUM .planifolium. Brown Prod. Fl. Nov, Holh 1. 

Desc. Leaves of a dull greyifh green, radical ones nearly a 
foot in length, about the third of an inch broad ; jlem more than 
two feet high, with the thicknefs of a fmall quill ; branches lhort, 
adpreffed ; corolla of a dufky olive green, about half an inch 
long ; filaments and jiyle crimlbn ; anthers vermillion ; pollen 
yellow ; germen green, fhining, foon acquiring a reddifh brown 
colour. Native of New-Holland, where it is found in the 
neighbourhood of Port-Jackfon. 

Our drawing was made from a fpecimen that flowered lalt 
November in MefTrs. Lee and Kennedy's Nurfery at Ham- 
merfmith, and which had been raifed from feeds imported by 
Mrs. Pater son. A hardy greenhoufe plant. We had no 
opportunity of examining the ripe feed nor the roots. G. 


C &" ] 

Lachenalia bifolia. Cowled two- 
leaved Lachenalia. 

Generic Characler. — /7d? A? 7 '- 745, 854, et 993. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

LACHENALIA bifolia : (flos media longitudinis ; ) attenuatis. 
cartilagineo-marginatis, nervofo-ftriatis, exteriore deorfurn 
cucullato-vaginante, fcapum fuperante, interiore aliquoties 
mmore, convoluto-concavo ; racemo remoto-multifloro ; 
pedicellis flore duplo brevioribus, braaeam ovato-acumi- 
natam fubfuperantibus ; corolla nutantc, curtim cylindrica, 
bafi tubulofo-conftricta, laciniis interioribus rotundo-obtufis 
bilabiato-patulis, exterioribus una quarta circiter breviori- 
bus; ftaminibus lacinias interiores aequantibus, declinato- 
affurgentibus. G. 

Seems to be intermediate between unifolia and pallida 
(mediana Jacq.), differing from the former, in having two leaves 
inftead of one, far fhorter pedicles in proportion to°the flower, 
and a corolla not ventricofely campanulate j from the latter, in 
the form and relative proportions of the two leaves, by longer 
pedicles, and a more open-mouthed corolla; from both^m 
colour of the inflorefcence. But as we did not fee the plant 
in bloom while under the hand of our draughtfman, we can 
fpeak with little confidence of its other differences, indeed with 
but little of its being really diftinft from pallida. There is a 
Lachenalia rofea in the BotanifVs Repofitory that comes 
near to this and pallida; but which, according to our judgment, 
can fcarcely be a variety of either. 


Puh f,y ,/■ r,jrf„ Wal. 

/^ d <>nfbf*i> t/ c 

[ l6l2 ] 


#4mH* * fr* ♦♦»&♦♦♦♦♦♦ 

C/j/j and Order. 

Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Inflor. fafciculata, pauci-pluriflora, Jpathis commuhi bivalvi 
involutes diitincta ; raro in fpicam feparata. Cor. fupera,.ere&a 
involuto-decidua, hexapetalo-partita f. tubulofo fexhda, laciniis 
obverfis, rotatis f. interne conniventibus, alternis confimilibus ; 
exterioribus ungue haud raro barbato, faspe foveola in bid], la- 
mina nunquara erecta; interioribus anguftioribus, raro parviflimis, 
vel nullis, totis interdum ere&is. Stylus triquctro-filiformis, 
erectus liberus. Stig. 3, petaliformia, trifaria, antice fbrnicata, 
poftice carinata, bilabiata labio interior* bifido reflexo extcrius 
breve retufum multoties f. fere non excedente : raro lincari- 
radiata, bipartita, fegmentis filiformi-convohitis. FiL corolla? 
limbive difco-impofita, libera f. partim vel omnino connata. 
Antb. ereclge, extrorfae, lineari-oblonga?, ftigmatum faciebus ap- 
preflk, fegmentifve intenertae. Cap/', mcmbranacca, ovato-glo- 
bofa ad prifmatico-columnarem, 3-loc., loculis bifcriaio-poly- 
fpcrniis, 3 valv., valvis medio Jfepjigeris. Sem. fepti margint 
interior! utrinque annexa rotundata i. angulofo-preila ; albumen 
corneum. G. 

Obs. Radix bulbo-tuber, integumento cxteriore fenefctnlt tutamineo- 
fibrcfo, reticulats-rimofi, Folia radicalia pane a, tranjverfe b'faria , Jt/i 
vaginantia, inde convaluto-hrata, jeepius cauiato-cujpidata '. raro 
acute canaliculata, carinata, ne unqtuan ollateraii-dijticha ; can lis culma- 
ceus, vaginofo-foliatus, fimplex ad ramojijjimuni, rami e vagina ad articulos, 
J'olitarii, jape plures aggregati, raro divifi ; Sores in caule aut rama termi- 
nates, fapins fugaces. Jampridem in ncta N'- 1407 tnonuimus Mor/eam 
iridtoidem A 7 '- 693 converfis appella/ionibus in Iridem transferendam rile. 
In I ride radix nunquam bulbj-tuberofa, in MoR/lA conjianter. G. 

Specific Cbaracler and Synonym. 

MORyEA collina,- (fqfciculns 2 — 4 floras ,- cor. bipartita, uniform's, 
imberbis ; fil. in itnum connata ; fiig. imminulo-petaliformia /} 


Folioi mo convoluto-lorato, ftriatulo, caulem pauci- (bi- ?) 
articulatum raraofum fuperante, ramis fimplicibus folitariis 
vel iupremis paucis (2 — 4?) aggregates; fpatha generali 
fuhformi elongata, arillaio culpidata ; genuine pedicellato, 
exfeito, lineari prifmatico ; corolla late turbinato-rotata, 
fupra recurva, laciniis ifometris ; exterioribus duplo la- 
tioribus, obovato oblongis cum acumine, foveola in bafi; 
interioribus fpathulato-hgulatis j filamento tubulofo, villofo, 
antheris feflilibus fubcequali ; ftigmatibus vix altioribus, 
corolla duplo brevioribus, fubcuneatis, laxius ftriftiufve 
conniventibus ; labiis fubaequalibus, exteriore retufo-trun- 
cato, revoluto, intus hirfuto, interioris fegmentis divergen- 
tibus, acuminatis? capfula pergamea, prifmatico-colum- 
nan. G. 

MOR/EA collina. Tbutib. Diff. 11. ». 13. Prod. 9. Jacq. Ic. 
Rar. 2. tab. 220. Fragm. 14. ». 51. Nobis fupra N n - 1033, 
1103. Hort. Kew. ed. 2. 1. 110. 

MORyEA miniata. Bot. Rcpofit. tab. 404. 

MORyEA inopetala. (*.) Willd. Sp. PL 1. 224. Vahl Enum. 2. 
158; (exelufis in utroque fynonymis prater Linnai et Miller i.) 
var. (3. ad Morjeam triftem pertinet. G. 

MOR/EA juncea. Linn. Sp. PL ed. 2. 1. 59. Mill. Diet. ed. 8. 
n. 2. 

SiSYRINCHIUM coHmm. Cavanill. Biff. 6. 346. Willd. Sp, 
PL 3. 578. LiL a Redout e tab. 250. 

S. . elegans. UL a Redoute tab. 1 7 1 ; (nee aliorum, cut injlorefcentia 
fpicaitm edutla. G.) 

HOMER I A. Ventenat. Decas Nov. Gen. 5. n. 2. Paris 1808. 

For a further account of the fpecies, we refer to No. 1033 ; 
for an enumeration of the other genus, to No. 1103. The 
drawing of the preterit variety was made from a plant that had 
been imported by Mr. Griffin, from the Cape of Good 
Hope, and flowered in his confcrvatory in the month of Sep- 
tember. G. 


[ i6i3 ] 
Alstrgemeria Salsilla. Potatoe- 


##t ♦♦♦♦<♦ !♦♦♦♦♦♦ m 

Clafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. o. Cor. fupera, erecla ad cernuam, hexapetalo-partita, 
imbricato-connivens, cyathoidi- f. cucullato-campanulata, re- 
gularis f. ringens ; Iaciniis obverfis, 3 (rarius 2] interioribus 
ungue convoluto-canaliculato. Stam. imae corollas inferta, in- 
clufa, erefta f. inclinato-curva, alterna fubbreviora ; anth. ereftse 
oblongas. Stylus decurfu confimili. Siig. 3, linearia, replicata. 
Fruffus cap/, varie fphseroidea, coftato-hexagona, f. trifulco- 
trigona, 3-loc, 3-valv., valvis medio feptigens, feptis bafi 
coadunatis : raro (foetus pulpa et evalvis) bacca. Sem. globofa, 
receptaculis angulos internas decurrentibus annexa : raro nidu- 
lantia ; albumen corneum. G. 

Obs. Plants herbacea, perennes ; rhizoma flageUlforme f. iruncum, 
fibris tuberofo-turgidis f. tuberiparis ; caules plures, JimpliciJJimi, foliati, 
ercElif. ajjurgentes, fcandentes f volubiles ; folia. Jimplicia, omnia caul'ina, 
I par/a f. alterna, obliqua f. refupinata ; inflor. umbcllata, involticro ex 
folialis totidcm quot radii ; peduncuh fimpiiafifimi ', J. dichctomo-bifiori vel 
paniculato-pluriforiy braftea in divijuris : raro corymbofa bracleis fmgu- 
laribus feparata. G. fide Flora peruviana" quoad pier uque. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

ALSTRCEMERIA Salfilla ; (volubilis ; regularis s ) rhizomate 
truuco f. flagelliformi producto, fibris globofo- tuberiparis; 
foliis alternis, diftantibus, patentiflimiv, anguitius ovato- 
lanceolatis, a fupinato dorio pruinulofis, petiolo torto 
pluries longioribus ; umbella ereBa pedunculis (3 — 15) 
dichotomo-biHoris f. paniculato-plurifloris pedicellis fupnt 
flexis; germine turbinato-triquetro ; corolla nutante, fub- 
cyathoidi camp;muUta ; lacinu.-s exterioribus obovato-ob- 
longis acumine brevi ; interioribus fublongioribus, fpathu- 


latis, lamina orbiculata, unguis canaliculo pruinofo-Iabrato; 

filamentis laxius faiciculatis, villo vix fenfili teftis, ftylo 

triquetro-fubulata ; capfula fubglobofa, fexcoftata, umbone 

(ftyli reliquo) mucronato ex areola deglubita praepilata. G. 
ALSTRCEMERIA Salfilla. Linn. Sp. PL ed. 2. 1. 462. Wittd* 

•Sp. PL 2. 196. Ruiz ct Pavon. Plor. Peruv. 3.61. 
A. edulis. TiiJ/ac flare des Antilles ; 28 cum ic.pidl. Bot. Repofit. 

tab. 64'g. 
HEMERQCALLIS fcandens floribuspurpureis vulgo Salfilla. 

FeuilUe Peruv. 2. 713. tab. 6. 
CO\OLXOCHITL, f. Martagon volubilis mexicanus. Her- 

nand. Hi/}. PL 267, quoad jig. tertiam. 
BOMARE/E fpecies. Lam. Encyc. Suppl.ful Bom ak% a. 

Desc. Rooijiock a out the thicknefs of a common quill; 
tubers produced at the end of each fibre from the fize of a pea 
to that of a cherry, flattilh or completely globular, white \ftem 
3 — 4 f eet high, of about the thicknefs of a wheaten flraw ; 
leaves many, about three inches long, little more than half an 
inch broad; corolla rofe-coloured, about an inch in length 
lamina of the inner fegments green with deep crimfon fpots. 
Said to have acquired the name of Salsi'lla among the 
Spanifh colonifts of South-America, from the refemblancc of 
the rootftock to that of the Sarfaparilla. Native of S< 
America and the I (land of St. Domingo, where it grows in the 
ihady fpots of the mountain, twining it felf round the next i 
for fupport. According to Monf. Tussac, the tubers are 
known in St. Domingo, by the appellation of « Topinambours 
blancs," and are ufed for food in the way of potatoes. Intro- 
duced from the Botanic Garden in the Iiland of St. Vincent's, 
about 1801. 

Our drawing was made from a plant which flowered in the 
ftove at Comteffe de Vande's, in October laft. About three 
and twenty fpecies of this beautiful genus are recorded in that 
mod valuable work the " Flora Peruviana ; " among which the 
Jormojiffima appears to rival even the Amaryllis of that name, 
and theTiGRiniA pavotiia (its rompatriots) in fplendour. We 
are told in the Supplement to Lamarck's Encyclopedia, that 
Monf. Mirbel has feparated the twining-ftemmed fpecies of 
Alstr<emeri£ into a feparatc genus, which he calls Bo- 


[ i6i 4 ] 



Clafs and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-partitus. Cor. tubulofa, incurva, ringens : labio fuperiore 
indivifo, fornicator inferiore 3-partito, breviore. Cap/. 1- 
locularis. Sent, nidulantia. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

COLUMNEA fcandens : foliis ovatis acutiufculis integris fub- 
villofis pedunculo folitario longioribus, calycis laciniis 
corollifque pubefcentibus : labio fuperiore indivifo. Hort. 
Kew. ed alt. v. 4. p. 68. 

COLUMNEA fcandens; foliis ovatis acutis integernmis fub- 
villofis, laciniis calycis integris corollifque pubefcentibus, 
labio fuperiore indivifo. Willd. Sp. PL 3. p. 396. Swartz 
Obf. 249. Perfoon Syn. 2. p. 164. 

COLUMNEA fcandens. Jacq. Hort. Vind. 3. p. 27. /. 48. 

COLUMNEA fcandens phceniceo flore; fruBu albo. Plum, 
Gen. 28. Icon. 89. /. 1. 

COLUMNEA rotundifolia. Salijb. Parad. Lond. 29. 

Desc. Stem knotted, downy. Leaves oppofite, elliptical, 
more or lefs round, margin reflexed and fomewhat cr.rped, 
which gives an appearance of being crenulate, thick, mining, and 
roughifh with (hort ftiff hairs on the upper furface, paler and 
downy on the under: when dry the under fide becomes white. 
Peduncles axillary, folitary, one-flowered, rounded, villous, 
longer than the petiole. Calyx five-cleft : Segments equal, ereft, 
deeply toothed, clothed with red hairs towards the bafe. Corolla 
tubular, hairy, bright fcarlet : limb two-lipped : upper lip quite 
3 n ° entire, 

entire, arched, lower lip three-cleft : lacinise lanceolate, lower- 
moit more deeply feparated. (Some authors defcribe the upper 
lip as three-cleft, confidering the two lateral laciniae as belonging 
to it, and the lower lacinia only as the undivided lower lip.) 
Stamens 4, didynamous : filaments fmooth, half the length of the 
tube : anthers two-lobed, glandular at the back. Germen fpindle- 
fhaped : Jlyle as long as the corolla : fiigma two-lipped, gaping. 

Our drawing is imperfecl, being taken before the flower was 
fully expanded. 

We fee no reafon to think the rotundifolia of Salisbury, 
in the Paradifus Londiaenfis, to be different from our plant, or 
from Jagquin's above referred to. We have obferved that 
the leaves vary confiderably in length in different fpecjmens, 
and though they appear to be ferrated in Jacquin's figure, in 
his defcription he fays they are entire or only obfoletely ere- 
nulate : an appearance which fome of the leaves have alfo in our 
drawing, and which we have accounted for in the above de- 

Native of the Weft-Indies. Cultivated, not without difficulty, 
in the bark ftove. Said in the Hortus Kewenfis to flower in 
Auguft and September. Our drawing was taken from a plant 
communicated by Meffrs. Loddiges and Sons, the latter-end 
of December. 


u&r Wa/wcr&£li£ t. 


[ i6i 5 ] 
Barleria cristata. Crested Barleria. 

£ $■<$-$. sMt £ & & * & i# * 4Hfc Jfr^HiHJ* ft £ 

Cfo/J j«i Order. 


Generic Characler. 

Cat. 4-partitus. Stam. 2 longe minora. G$/I 4-anguIaris, 2- 
locularisj 2-valvis, elaftica abfque unguibus. Sem. 2. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

BARLERIA crijlata ; foliis oblongis integerrimis, calycis fo- 
liolis duobus latioribus, ["ciliato-fpinulofisj duobufque li- 
nearibus acutis. Sp. PL 887. Willd. 3. p. 378. OJb. It. 
225. /. 8. Bot. Repof. 625. Perfoon Syn. 2. p. 179. 

It is not improbable but that more fpecies than one have 
been taken for Barleria crijlata; we are inclined however to 
believe that our plant is the fame as that defcribed and figured 
by Osbeck, from whofe fpecimens we fuppofe that Linn^euj 
made his description. The fynonym quoted by the laft-men- 
tioned author, and continued by Willdenow from Morison, 
appears to belong to Prionitis, certainly not to this fpecies. 

Our plant grew with an upright branched Jlem between two 
and three feet high, fwelled at the divifions of the branches, 
rounded, flriate, pubefcent. Leaves oppofite, on fhort foot- 
ftalks, ovate-lanceolate, quite entire, on both fides fomewhat 
hifpid with fhort ftirT hairs, and ribbed underneath by flrong 
tranfverfe veins. Bratles 2, at the bafe of the calyx lanceolate 
and ciliated. Calyx of four leaflets : the two outermoft ovate- 
acuminate with pectinated teeth hardly fpinous, flriate, pu- 
befcent : the two innermoft awl-fhaped, quite entire, terminated 
in a fharp rigid point, much fhorter than the outer ones, patent. 
Corolla funnel-fhaped : tube long, flraight : limb five-cleft, lobes 
nearly equal, obtufe, the two upper ones erect and the bottom 
one more deeply feparated, violet-coloured with fome paler 


fpots about the faux. Stamens four, two of them the length of 
the tube, with perfect anthers, two very fhort, with imperfect 
anthers. Germen ovate : Jlyle longer than tube : fiigrna dilated 
upwards and gaping. 

Communicated by Meffrs. Loddiges and Sons. Native 
of the Eaft-Indies. Flowers from June to October. Propagated 
by feeds and cuttings. 



[ 1616 ] 


Clafs and Order. 
Pentandria Monocynia. 

Generic Characler. 

Cor. 5-petala. Neclaria 5, fupra germen. Cap/. 3, feu 5, 
coalitae. Sent, calyptrata. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

DlOSMA (mat a ; foliis oppofitis glabris ovatis integcrrimis 

margine revolutis fubtus ferrugineo-pun&atis, floribus axil- 

laribus folitariis geminifque. 
DlOSMA watts foliis ovatis glabris marginatis, floribus axil- 

laribus folitariis et geminis. Thunb. Prod. 43. ^ Willi. Sp. 

PL 1. p. 1139. Perfoon Syn. 1. p. 247. Hart. Kew. ed. alt. 

2.^.33. Bot. Repof. 464. 
DlOSMA pulcbdla. Hottuyn Linn. Pfl. Syjl. 3. p. 288. t. 21. f. 2. 

This fpecies of Diosma has confiderable affinity with pulchclld 
(Mo. 1357), but its leaves are oppofite, quite entire at the 
margin, are more obtufe, and, efpecially when dry, are rolled 
back at the fides, which makes them appear much narrower 
than they really are ; the dotting underneath conhfts of fenu- 
gineous, not, as in that of pulchella, of pellucid glandular points: 
the flowers are more fcattered and not collefted towards the ex- 
tremities of the branches ; petals white within fide, but being 
tipped with red on the outfide, the plant looks the prettieft when 
many of the flowers are yet unexpanded. 

The leaves both of auata and pulchella are particularly ftrong- 
fcented, and are, with perhaps feveral other fpecies of Diosma, 
indifcriminately ufed by the Hottentots, under the name of 
Bucku, mixed with greafe, to perfume their bodies with. 


Communicated by Meflrs. Lod dices and Sons, in March 
1812: but is faid, by Mr. Aiton and in Donn's Catalogue, 
to flower in May, June, and July ; by Mr. Andrews, in 
the winter months. 

Native of the Cape of Good Hope. Introduced by Mr. 
Mass on. Requires the fhelter of a greenhoufe, and the fame 
treatment as other Cape evergreen fhrubs. 


i r Jwa?r&J)ei>- 


C 1617 ] 

Statice spathulata. Spatula-leaved 

C/#/S tf»i Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic CharaBer. 

Cat. l-phyllus, integer, plicatus, fcariofus. Petala 5. Sem. 1, 

Specific Cbaracler and Synonyms. 

STATICE fpathulata ; foliis radicalibus fpathulatis obtufis 
glaucis integerrimis longe petiolatis, fcapo tereti, floribus 
lacemofis fecundis. Desfont. Atl. 1. p. 275. Perfoon Syn. 1. 

P- 333- 

Statice cordata, auricul<efolia, ok<efolia, and fpathulata, feem 
to be very nearly related, and perhaps are fometimes miftaken 
for one another. The firft, however, is eafily diltinguifhed by 
its leaves being always obcordate or emarginate at the point; 
the fecond comes very near to our plant ; but the leaves are 
defcribed as acute and terminated with a fharp mucro and an 
unbranched fcape ; the third, according to Willdenow, has 
winged branches. 

In fpathulata, the leaves are glaucous, without veins, obfoletely 
three-nerved towards the bafe only, quite obtufe without any 
mucro, except a very minute one, hardly vifible to the eye but 
fenfible to the touch, on the under furface a fmall diftance from 
the end of the leaf; the fcape and branches are perfectly 
round; the fpikes of flowers in two rows; the calyx white 
with red ftreaks ; the petals obcordate, of a lively red, and 
larger than the calyx. 

Communicated the latter-end of Auguft 1811, by Mr. W. 
Pringle, Nurferyman at Sydenham, to whom we are in- 
debted for the communication of fevcral other curious and rare 
plants. Native of Barbary. Hardy. 

[ 1618 ] 


C/j/j and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character: 

Infhr. umbellata ; fpatha pi u rival vis, corollaeformis, raro 
bivalvis at que reflexa. " Cal. o. Cor. fupcra, erctla, regularis, 
icqualis, tubulofo-fexfida, limbo 6-partito, connivente aut di- 
varicato, longiore quam tubus. Stam. fummo tubo infita, erecla, 
exferta. Stylus fetiformis. Stig. fimplex, v. 3 brevia replicata. 
Bacca globofa v. oblongata, laevis, exfulca, 3-loc, loculis mono- 
fpermis, uno v. duobus fterilefcentibus ; feme* ereaum, loculo 
conforme ; albumen camofum, durum. G. 

Obs. Herbse bulb fa;, fcapoja ; bulbus tunicatus v . fquamofus, fquamis 
amplit Jape bifariam imbricatis, ovatus, nudus v. membranis involutus ; 
rhizoma fape Infra, extans, raro multiplex ex adnatis fbolibus concretum 
torofum; fibrae tuberofo-incraffiita ; folia pauca, a piano bifaria, coriaceo- 
craj/'a, angujle canaliculato-hrata ad latijjima et p/ano-orbiculata, raro 
pctiolato-vaginantia lamina tenuiore, medio cojlata ; fpatha at que bacca fape 
cohratai umbclla congefa inclvfa ad laxam exjertam ; COffoli* tubus nunc 
in fmcem fexgibbam dilatatus, A inultifloro ad CftlHOM accedit, ah 
a 1 bi ftoro ad Massoniam. G. 

Specific Charatlcr and Synonyms. 

II/EMANTHUS rotundifolius s bulbo fquamofo, compreffe 
ovato, nudo, fquamis amplis rotundatis dirticho-conniven- 
tibus ; foliis duobus, fcapo tardioribus, divaricatis, rotun- 
datis acumine obfoleto, nervis parallels creberrimis 
obfoletius (Iriatis, a fupino tactui fubafperis (fcabriiie 
quadam nudo oath vix percipienda), a piono glabratis, 
cartilaginc ferrato-denticulata marginatis, altera paulo lon- 
giore, oblongo-rotundato, altera orbiculato ; fpatha corol- 
lzeformi, quadrivalvi, ventricofo-campanulata, valvis al- 
ternis exterioribus cordatis ; umbella congelta, parum ex- 
ferta ; corolla cucullato-infundibuliformi. G. 

JLEMANTHUS orbicularis. Bonn Horl. Cantab, ed. 6. 81. t 


Desc. Leaves on the upper fuiTace of an opaque dull green, 
rough to the touch ; on the under, of a finning yeliowifh green, 
longcll of the two about five inches long and four broad ; /cape 
about fix inches high, together with the umbel and Jpathe of an 
uniform deep fcarlet colour. Blooms in Auguft ; foliage full 
grown in November and December. We loft the opportunity 
of examining any part of the plant, but the bulb and 
leaves. A new and undefcribed fpecies, lately introduced by 
Mr. Griffin, from the Cape of Good Hope, in whofe con- 
fervatory at South-Lambeth it flowered for the firft time in 
Auguft laft. We fufpecl that this gentleman's collection con- 
tains more rare and beautiful Liliacete and Enfattf, than all the 
private colleflions round London together, while the liberal 
communications of the pofTeffor renders it a benefit to fcience. 
We omitted to mention in No. 1611, of the fafciculus for laft 
month, that the fpecies there given (Lac hen alia bifolia) had 
been introduced from the Cape of Good Hope by the fame 
gentleman, and that our drawing was made from a fpecimen that 
flowered in his garden laft fummer. G. 

[ i6i9 3 

Brunsvigia multiflora. The scarlet 


4* $-$ W* #HMHif ♦ ♦# « &$♦ ' WHfr fc 

Generic Character. — T 7 /^ No. 1443. 

Specific Chamber and Synonyms. 

BRUNSVIGIA mullijhra g (corolla ringens •) bulbo ovato- 
fphaerico, integumentis cruftaceo-membranaceis, rhizomate 
infra extante, fibris tuberofo-craffis ; foliis pluribus di- 
varicate) bifariis, lingulato-obverGs v. obovato-oblongis, 
rotundato acuminatis, craffiufculis, planis, fcapo compreffo- 
columnari inflorefcentiam longitudine parum excedente 
tardioribus, exterioribus humi recumbentibus ; umbella 
namerofa, bracleato-interftin&a, brachiato-difpanfa j pedun- 
culis craflis, ftriftis, cum germine clavato-continuis, ro- 
tundato-trigonis, fulcatis, flore aliquoties longioribus, 
germine turbinate*, lobato-triquetro lobis compreffis, poly- 
ipermo, corolla decurvo-allurgente, hexapetalo-partita, 
urceolato-campanulata, ad jun&uram cum germine con- 
ftricla, antice gibba, ore obliquata, recurva, laciniis lub- 
sequalibus, oblongo-acuminatis, quatuor lateralibus falcato- 
afiurgentibus, concavis, fumma paulo majori, revoluto- 
incumbente, plana ; ftaminibus una fexta circiter breviori- 
bus, fafciculato-aiilirgentibus ; filamentis cavitati neelari- 
ferae fundi adnatis, hliformi-fubulatis, firmis, alterne lon- 
gioribus; ftylo triquetro-fubulato, parum crafliori, apiculo 
itigmatofo trifido puberulo; capfula obcordato-turbinata, 
alato-trigona, divaricato-venofa, angulis coftatis ; feminum 
telta nigra. G. 

BRUNSVIGIA multiflora. Bryander in Hort. Kew. ed. 2. 2. 
230. Nobis fupra No. 1443, vtrfo folio fecundo, in Spec. Enum. 

A M A R Y L LI S Jofepbuue. Lil. a Redout e, 7 . tab. 3 70, 3 7 1 , 3 7 2 . 

AMARYLLIS orien talis. Linn. Sp. PL ed.2. 1. 422. Sy/l. Veg. 
ed. 14. 320. Bum. Prod. Fl. Capenf. 9. Mill. Dic7. ed. 8. LHeritier Sert. Angl. 14. Hort. Kew. 1. 420. Jacq. 
Hort. Sckrnb. 1. tab. 39. IVilld. Sp. PL 2. 58. 

A. multiflora foliis linguaerormibus, corolla inaequali. B'utncr 
Enum. Mcth. PL in Car m. Cum. 215. 


H/EMANTHUS orient alls. Thanh. Prod. Fl. Capenf. 59. 
NARCISSUS indicus orientalis. Swert. Floril. tab. §.f. 1. fine 

N. indicus flore liliaceo fphsericus. Ferrari Flor. 125. tab. 129, 

130, 131. 
LILIO-NARCISSUS indicus phceniceus fphaericus vulgo po- 

lyanthos. Barrelier. Ic. 1037, 1038. 
L..-N. indicus maximus fphaericus floribus pluribus rubris lilia- 

ceis. Morif. Hiji. 1. 368. fett. 4. tab. 10. fig. 35. 
B R U N S V I G I A . Heijier. Monogr. cum konibus. 
CRINUM Candelabrum. Hortulanis colonicis C. B. Spei. 

Desc. Bulb tunicate, attaining the fize of a child's head, in- 
teguments brown, fibres as thick as a common quill ; leaves 
5 — 8 inches long, 2 — 3 broad, fmooth, ftriate ; /cape 8 — 12 
inches high, an inch or more in diameter ; peduncles fix inches 
long, as thick as a large quill ; corolla rather more than two inches 
long, of a bright fcarlct colour, fegments half an inch broad; 
anthers black-purple ; capfule nearly two inches long, femitranf- 
parent, of a light brown colour, deeply depreffed at the fummit. 
In the prefent fpecies, as well as mfalcata (fee No. 1443 of the 
prefent work) the ftem is very fhort in proportion to its thicknefs, 
as alio to the other parts of the plant. Spontaneous fpe- 
cimens have been known to have a capfule four inches long, a 
ftem a foot and an half high, with the other parts in proportion. 
Native of the Cape of Good Hope, whence it is laid in the 
Hortus Kewenfis to have been introduced by Mr. Malcolm, 
in 1 767 ; it had however been cultivated by the author of the 
Gardener's Dictionary, previous to that period. Known in the 
Dutch and Italian gardens nearly a century and an half ago. 
The older Botanilts fuppofed it to be an Eaft-Indian vegetable, 
an error that mifled Linn v. us into the adoption of the fpecific 
name of orientalis. Monf. Redoute, in his fplendid work on 
the Liliaceous plants (ignorant of its having been already re- 
corded) has named it after the Emprefs Josephine of France. 
The Bulbs, when of a proper age, are conftant and regular in 
the production of bloom ; but thefe being rare in our collections, 
and immature ones not unfrequent in them, and the laft re- 
maining years without mewing any lign of flowering, have 
caufed the plant to be deemed to be difficult of fuccefsful cul- 
tivation. Our drawing was made from a fpecimen thai bloomed 
in September lad, and which had been kept in the tan-bed of 
the hot-houfc, at the Nurfery of Meffrs. Lod dices and Sons, 
at Hackney, by whom the bulb had been imported ; the leaves 
were grown out in November. The bloom has no fcent. G. 


-Put. brS &*&• Wn/»crti.', 

[ l620 ] 

Strumaria gemmata. Jewelled- 
flowered strumaria. 

Generic Character. — Fide No. 1363. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

STRUMARIA gemmata ; (gynandra $) bulbo ovato ; foliis 
fcapo tereti tardioribus, fubtrinis, lanceolato-loratis acumine 
brevi, glabris, ciliolatis, lateraliter fubfalcatis ; umbella 
pluriflora, laxa, diffufa; pedunculis gracilibus, ftriftis, 
laevibus, fpatha acuminata floreque pluries longioribus ; 
corolla fubnutante, micante, hexapetalo-ftellata, bullis 
fenis chryflallino-glandulofis ^roftrato-ovatis in difco; la- 
ciniis oblongis, crifpis, utrinque inficxis, exterioribus api- 
culopuberulo; genitalibus gynandris, punaiculato-pruino- 
fis, inclufis; filamentis imo flylo infertis, fetiformibus, 
patentiflimis, gutta limpida in axillis, alternc fubbreviori- 
bus ; antheris ere&is, ovato-rotundis ; ftylo ftaminibus 
ifometro, ovato-pyramidali, inferne inftar bulbi ventricofo 
exfulco, fuperne fubulato-attenuato trifulco ; ftigmatibus 
claufis v. replicatis; capfula tenuiflime membranacea, ob- 
lato-globofa, trigibba, femine bulbaceo-laxato fingulum 
loculum (plerumque ad dehifcentiam ufaue) replente. G. 

Desc Bulb tunicate, in the prefent fpecimen naked, about 
the fize of a pigeon's egg; leaves 2 — 3, about three-parts of an 
inch broad ; jftem about a foot high, rather thicker than a crow- 
quill ; peduncles ftraight, elaftic, about four inches long; corolla 
fcarcely an inch in diameter, whitifh within, pale-rofe-coloured 
without, having a green keeled line down the centre of the back 
of each fegment ; parts of fruclification white, and, when viewed 
through a magnifier, plainly frofted over with clofe minute 
points. An unrecorded fpecies, differing from all yet known to 
us, in being completely gynandrous ; we had already noted in 
our generic character, in No. 1363, that others were partly fo 
as well as monadelphous. A native of the Cape of Good Hope. 
Lately introduced by Meflrs. Lee and Kennedy, in whofe 


confervatory at the Hammerfmiih Nurfery our drawing was 
made from a fpecimen that flowered in Auguft lafl: ; probably 
the firft ever feen in any European garden. This collection, we 
are glad to hear, has been lately enriched with fome bulbs of 
that fine plant the Lilium japom'atm, fo that we may now hope 
that our gardens will be much fooner in pofTeffion of that very 
ornamental fpecies than we expe&ed they could be, at the time 
we publifhed the account of it in a late number. G. 


No. 1416, 1. 22, pro " Schwartz" lege •« Sivartz." 

No. 1612, 1. 18, pro " difco-impofira" lege " difco impofita." 

No. 1612, 1. 2, a cake pag. pro " cor. bipartite," lege " cor. hexapetalo-partita.'* 

No. 1612, verf. fol. 1. 1, pro foiioi mo" lege •« folio imo." 

13, pro puntto interrogationis fane femicolon. 

■ 5, from the bottom, for ** of the other genus" read 

" of the others of the Genus." 
No. 1613, on the other fide the leaf, 1. 6, from the bottom, for ** rival even 
the Amaryllis of that name, and theTiGRiDiA pavonia (its compatriots) 
in fplendour." read « s rival in fplendour even its compatriots the 
Amaryllis of the fame name and Tigridia pavonia." 

■fyc/ m fJvarJr /)*?. AJ A - (/' G~Ar Wa/wevtf *#*«'. «j V*. A "Jhyfim SI 

C 1621 ] 

Magnolia conspicua. Lily-flowered 
Magnolia, or Yu-lan. 

Oaf s and Order, 


Generic Charafter. 

Cal 3-phyllus. Petala 9. Cap/. 2-valves, imbricata?. Sent, bac- 
tata, pendula. 


Specific Character and Synonyms, 

MAGNOLIA confpicua ; foliis obovatis obtufis cum acumine 
poll anthefin prodeuntibus. Hort, Kew. ed. alt, v. 3. p. 

MAGNOLIA confpicua; foliis pod flores prodeuntibus, petiolis 
gracilibus larainis late obcuneatis : petalis 9, 3 exterioribus 
vix minoribus ; germinibus ovato-lanceolatis. Salijb. Farad. 
3 8 - 

LE YU-LAN. Mem. Chin. v. 3. p. 441. 

Native of China, where we are told by the author of the 
above-quoted memoirs that it forms a pyramidal tree thirty or 
forty feet high; but with us it hitherto appears only as a 
ftraggling fhrub, which blofibms freely before it arrives at 
any confiderable fize. The flowers are ufually produced 
fingly at the extremities of the branches, and for the mod part 
fall off before the leaves make their appearance ; and on this 
account it is far lefs agreeable to the eye than the Magnolia 
grandiflora^ whofe magnificent bloffoms are beautifully contrafted, 
by being embofomed in large mining leaves. 

Two other varieties are faid to be known in China, one with 
pale rofe-coloured, and the other with double bloffoms; but 
neither has found its way into our gardens, and indeed are 
extremely rare even in China. 


As moft deciduous trees are lefs impatient of cold than 
Vhofe that are evergreen, it is not improbable but that the 
Magnolia confpicua may bear our winters in the open ground; 
but our fprings are generally too rough to allow us to expeft 
that the blofibms which appear fo early in the year will arrive at 
tolerable perfe&ion without fhelter. 

Propagated by cuttings or by inarching on fome of the more 
common fpecies. Flowers in February, March, and April. 
Introduced in 1780, by the Right Hon. Sir Joseph Banks, 
Bart. K. B. 

Our drawing was taken at Mr. Knight's Exotic Nurfery, 
King's-Road 5 Little-Chelfea, 


[ 1622 ] 

dlanthus caryophyllus (y.) imbricatus. 
Wheat-ear Carnation. 

Gfa/} A»^ Order. 
Decandria Digynia. 

Generic Character. 

Col. cylindricus, l-phyllus : bafi fquamis 4. Petala 5, un- 
guiculata. Cap/, cylindrica l-locularis. 

Specific Charafier and Synonyms. 

DlANTHUS Caryophyllus ; floribus folitariis, fquamis calycinis 
ovatis acutis breviflimis, petalis crenatis imberbibus. Willd. 
Sp. PI. 2. p. 674. Hort. Kew. ed. all. 3. p. 79. 

(a.) flore fimplici. Eng. Bot. 214. 

(|3.) flore pleno. Videjupra No. 39. 

(y.) imbricatus; fquamis calycinis multiplicatis. 

DlANTHUS Caryophyllus. S. — flore pleno ex folis fquamis ca- 
lycinis longifiime imbricatis. Hort. Cliff. 164. Sp. PI. 587. 

CARYOPHYLLUS fpicam frumenti referens. Epb. Nat. Cur. 
Cent. 3. p. 368. /. 9. 

CARYOPHYLLUS peregrinus fpica triticea. Weinm. Phyt. 
t- 339- 

As long as any attention has been paid to the flower-garden, 
the Carnation or double variety of Clove-Pink has been at all 
times a favourite obje£t of cultivation in this country; and 
innumerable names have been given by Florifts to as many 
trifling varieties, differing only in colour, degree of multiplica- 
tion of the petals, or in the form and manner of their opening. 

The increafe of the number of the petals, frequently to the 
exclufion of the ftamens, is the moft ufual deviation from 
nature, and makes that kind of monftrofity which, for want of 
a more appropriate name 3 we fomewhat improperly call a double 


The variety we have here given, arifes from the multiplica- 
tion of the four fcales at the bafe of the calyx, continued fome- 
times the length of the finger, to the exclufion of the other parts of 
the flower, and forming a four-fided fpike, not unaptly compared 
to an ear of wheat. When the multiplication of the fcales is 
lefs extenfive, a more or lefs perfeft flower is produced. In 
all the plants that we have feen, the flowers were double ; but 
in that defcribed by Linn ,e us in his Hortus Cliffortanus, it 
was fingle. 

A monftrofity, occafioned by the multiplication of the parts 
of the calyx, is fo extremely rare, that Linnaeus remarked 
he had hardly feen another inftance of it ; and he thought it of 
fufficient importance to induce him to affix to this variety the 
trivial name of imbricatus. 

We do not find this fingular monftrofity mentioned by P ar k i n - 
son, nor is any notice taken of it, except the mere quotation 
of the Linnean name in Martin's Miller's Dictionary; and 
it is altogether omitted in both editions of the Hortus Kewenfis. 

Our drawing was made from a plant communicated by 
Mr. M'Kirk, in September lafl, and we received fpecimens 
exa&ly fimilar fome years fince, from Mr. Davy, Nurferyman 
and Florift, King's- Road 3 Chelfea. 


m £J*rardrT></ 


[ 1623 ] 
Arnopogon Dalechampii. Great- 
flowered Sheeps-beard. 

Clqfs and Order. 
Syngenesia Polygamia jEqualis. 

Generic Character. 

Recept. nudum. Pappus plumofus, ftipitatus. Col, l-phyllus, 
o&o-partitus, turbinatus. 

Specific CharaBer and Synonyms. 

ARNOPOGON Dalechampii; calycibus pubefcentibus inermi- 
bus, foliis runcinato-dentatis. Willd. Sp. PL 3. p. 1496. 
Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 4. p. 433. Perfoon Syn. 360. 
TRAGOPOGON Dalechampii; calycibus monophyllis corolla 
brevioribus inermibus foliis runcinatis. Sp. PL 1110. Hort. 
Cliff. 382. Mart. Mill. Dit~l. n. 9. G<ert. FruB. 2. p. 369. 
t. 159. f. 4. Desfont. Ail. 2. p. 218. Villars Dauph. 3. 
70. Allien. Pedem. n. 843. Martyn Mill. Dill. 
UROSPERMUM Dalechampii. Scop. JufJ. Gen. p. 170. Lam. 

et Decand. Fl. Franc. 4. p. 62. 
TRAGOPOGONOIDES perennis, Calthce folio magno flore. 

Vaill. Acad. 1721. p. 204. 
TRAGOPOGON verticillatum. Lam. Fl. Fr. 74. 
HIERACIUM afperum, flore magno dentis leonis. Bauh. Pin. 

127. H. magnum. Dalech. Hift. 569. Ic. 

HIERACIUM foliis et floribus dentis leonis bulbofi. Lob. Ic. 

238. Park. Theat. 788 ? 
HIERACIUM fulphureum incifis foliis montanum. Barrel. 

Rar. 1043. '• 20 9* 
HEDYPNOIS monfpeffulana five Dens leonis monfpeffulana. 
Bauh. Hijl. 2. p. 1036. Gejn. Ic. Lg. t. j.f. 63. 

Arnopogon has been feparated by modern Botanifts 
from Tracopoconj on account of the calyx being of one 


entire piece, divided upwards into eight fegments ; whereas 
in the latter the calyx confifts of feveral diltincl leaflets. 

Scopoli firft made a diftin£i genus of it, and gave it the 
name of Urospermum, which was adopted byJussiEU, and 
has been fince retained by Lamarck and Decandolle. We 
do not know why Willdenow thought fit to rejeci it for that 
of Arnopogon ; but as the latter name is adopted by Persoon 
and in the new edition of the Hortus Kewenfis, we think it bed 
to deviate from our general plan of giving a preference to the 
right of priority. 

A hardy perennial, native of Spain and of the fouthern parts 
of France, growing efpecially about Montpelier. Cultivated by 
Philip Miller before 1739. Communicated by Mr. Whit- 
ley, from the Fulham Nurfery, 


■\-w a L< 

[ 1624 ] *' 


£•£ ££-£ ft frfrfr ♦♦♦♦♦& ♦♦♦♦ 

Clafs and Order. 



Generic Characler. 

Cat. bilabiatus : labio fuperiore femibifido retufo. Start, omnia 
connexa. Carina obtufa. Legitm. feffile, fubrotundum, ventri- 
cofum, difpermum. Sent, ftrophiolata. Brown in Hort. Kew. 
Poiretia. Smith in Linn. I'ranf. vol. 9. p. 304. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

HOVEA lanceolata ; ramis vimineis, foliis lanceolatis mucro- 

natis fubtus pubefcentibus, floribus axillaribus geminis. 
POIRETIA diverfifolia. hhrb. Bank/.? 

Dr. Smith, in the 9th volume of the TranfaBions of the 
Linnean Society, dedicated this genus to M. Poiret, " the 
able continuator of the botanical part of the French Encyclo- 
pedic, fince it was given up by M. Lamarck." But M. Ven- 
tenat had, fome time prior to this, eftablifhed another genus in 
honour of the fame Botanift ; on which account Mr. Brown, 
yielding to right of priority, thought fit to apply a new name to this 
genus, which he has dedicated to Anton. Pantaleon Hove, 
a Polifh naturalift, author of a manufcript journal to Guzerat, 
in the years 1787 and 1788, preferved in the Bankhan library. 

We regret, however, that Mr. Brown did not rather pre- 
ferve the name of Poiretia; becaufe Ventenat's genus is 
little known, and has not, we believe, been taken up by any 
other author, and being taken out of one long-eftablilhed, 
would probably, on that account, be lefs agreeable to M. 
Poiret himfelf. But as the Hortus Kewenfis will be regarded 
as the moll authentic fource for the nomenclature of the plants, 


cultivated in our gardens, we reluctantly yield up Poiretia, 
rather than run the ri(k of occafioning confufion of names. 

The plant here figured, is certainly a diitinct fpecies from 
either of thofe recorded in the Hortus Kewenfis ; but we are 
not quite certain that it is the diverjifolia of the Bankfian Her- 
barium, which Mr. Brown propofes to call by the name that 
we have adopted for our plant. Nor, indeed, for want of an 
opportunity of examining the original, either in a living or in a 
dried ftate can we be altogether certain of the identity of the 
genus, as Mr. Brown has favoured us with a fight of fpecimens 
not very unlike our plant, which he conhders as belonging to a 
diltinft, though nearly related genus. 

Our plant was communicated in the beginning of April 1813, 
by Meffrs. Malcolm and Sweet, from their extenfive col- 
lection at Stockwell-Common. Native of New-Holland. Re- 
quires the fhelter of a greenhoufe. 


cra~£r w«U 

C 1625 ] 

Mylocaryum ligustrinum. Privet-leaved 
Mylocaryum, or Buck-Wheat-Tpee. 

$ $-<$ $ $•$• -^ |hN(- *• * #■ -*• *+ -*- stHNt -*• & 

C/a/r and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic Charatler. 

Cal. 5-partitus : foliolis fuborbiculatis. Petala 5, unguiculata. 
Stigma capitatum, trigonum, feffile. Cap/. 3-alata, 3-locuIaris. 
Sem. iblitaria. 

Specific Name and Synonyms. 

MYLOCARYUM ligujlrinum. mild. Emm. p. 454. Pur/h Fl. 

Amer. Sept. p. 302. 
CLIFTONIA. Herb. Bank/. 
WALTERIANA carolinien/is. Fra/er's Catal. 

The Buck-Wheat-Tree, which gets this name from the 
fimilarity of its feed-veffels to thofe of Polygonum Fagopyrum, 
is an elegant evergreen fhrub, which in its native foil grows to 
the height of eight feet and upwards. 

It is fo well defcribed by Mr. Pursh, that it is needlefs to 
repeat a defcription of it here. In one refpecl: only our ob- 
fervation does not agree with this author, which is that he 
defcribes the pedicles as having two braftes in the middle, 
whereas we found only one at the bafe of each. 

Found in Carolina and Georgia, by the late Mr. John 
Fraser, who was very defirous of dedicating it to his friend, 
Mr. Thomas Walter, author of the Flora Caroliniana, the 
accuracy of whofe defcriptive characters we have had frequent 
opportunities of witneffing. But there being already a Wal- 
t her 1 a and a Gualtheria, he was driven to the inadmiffible 
expedient of giving an adjeclive termination to the name. 

As many collectors may have the plant under the appella- 
tion given to it in Eraser's Catalogue, the quotation of it 


as a fynonym may have its ufe ; and we embrace with pleafure 
the only opportunity afforded us of complying, in fome degree, 
with the wifh of the difcoverer, in making it the means of re- 
cording his grateful attachment to his botanical friend. 

Native of the dry borders of fwamps in Georgia and South- 
Carolina. Propagated by cuttings. Will hardly bear the fe- 
verity of our winters, without the fhelter of a greenhoufe. 
Flowers in May and June. Communicated by Meflrs. Fraser, 
from their Nurfery in Sloane-Square. 


■ f trt-f 

[ i6z6 ] 
Erica togata. Large-Cupped Heath. 

Clqfs and Order. 


Generic CharaHer. 

Cal. 4-pbyllus. Cor. perfiftens : limbo 4-fido. Anther* ante 
anthefin per foramina duo lateralia connexse. Cap/. 4— 8-locu- 
laris, 4— 8-valvis. 

(IV. Calycina A. Anther* crijlata. Hort. Kew.) 

Specific Characler. 

ERICA togata s foliis oppofitis adpreffis, braBeis a calyce re- 
motis, calycibus cyathiformibus magnis : foliolis orbicu- 
latis mucronatis, corollis urceolatis, anthens fubcnftatis. 

Hpsc A delicate Jbrub, with (lender twiggy branches, leaves 
keeled acute, oppofite, clofely adpreffed to the ftem, equal m 
lent 'to "be fpaces between the pairs. JW, terminal, m 
bunche of from four to fix together. BraBes bright red, a 
fmall one at the bafe of each peduncle, and a pair larger near- 
he middle, remote from the calyx Calyx cup-fhaped, larger 
than but not fo long as, the corolla : leaflets nearly round, 
concavt urceolate : tube corneal: hmb 
Wading, acute. Anthers fo minutely crefted, that they are 
haXvlfibly fo to the naked eye. Cemn .fluted nearly cy- 
lindrical. Style longer than the filaments. Stfgm club-fhaped, 

ft Th£ beautiful little (hrub, covered with a profufion of 
flowers of a fine red colour, we have feen ^yint^ej 
colleaion of Mcffn. Lee and Kennedy, at Hammerfmuh, 

where our drawing was made in July laft. It does not appear 
to us to have been before defcribed. Belongs to the fame 
divifion as corifolia (articularis, Bot. Mag. No. 423) elegans, 
No. 966, andromcdteflora, No. 1250, and glauca, No. 580 ; but 
has the neareft affinity with the one figured by Mr. Andrews, 
under the name of oppofitifolia ; in which however the bra£tes 
are not remote from the calyx, and the anthers are naked, as 
defcribed by Mr. Andrews, and confirmed by our own 

Mr. Dryander has remarked, that all the fpecies of this 
feftion, except fquamofa, have ternate leaves ; but our prefent 
plant and oppofitifolia of Andrews, make two other exceptions 
to this rule. 

Native of the Cape of Good-Hope. 

[ i&7 ] 

Spiuanthes crocata. Saffron-flowered 

Clafs and Order. 
Syngenesia Polygamia ^Equalis. 

Generic CharacJer. 

Recept. paleaceum, conicum. Sent, comprefib-plana, mem- 
branaceo-marginata. Pappus ariftis 2 ; altera faepe minore. Cal. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

SPILANTHES crocata; foliis oppofitis erofo-dentatis decur- 
rentibus, floribus globofis, calyce polyphyllo imbricate, 
feminibus alatis. 

BIDENS crocata; caule alato foliis pinnatifidis. Cav. Ic. v. 1. 
p. 66. t. 99. 

BIDENS crocata ; floribus difcoideis, calyce imbricato, foliis 
fcabro-canis erofo-dentatis, caulinis fublyratis, radicalibus 
ovatis, caule quadrialato. Willd. Sp.Pl. 3. p. 1723. Perfoon 
Syn. 2. p. 394. 

Spilanthes and Bidens do not appear to have been 
defined with fufficient accuracy to allow of all the fpecies being 
decifively arranged; and Verbesina differs from neither, 
except in the prefence of a radius to the flower. At prefent it 
feems fafeft to arrange fuch fpecies as have flat marginated feeds 
under the former, and thofe with angulated feeds under the 
latter. It is upon this principle that we have referred our pre- 
fent plant to Spilanthes. It is probable however that future 
obfervations will feparate all the South- American from the Eaft- 
Indian fpecies, with which they have little fimilarity of habit. 

The Calyx in Spilanthes crocata confifts of many leaflets, 
imbricated, the lower feries Ihorter than the upper ones. The 


paleae are keeled and terminate in an acute point. Florets funnel- 
fhaped, contracted below into a filiform pedicle : limb five-cleft, 
reflexed. Style longer than the florets, and jligmas revolute. 
Leaves oppofite, hairy, varioufly cut at the edges, decurrent 
down the footftalk, and continued riience down the ftem to the 
next joint, which makes the ftem four-winged. The feeds are 
flat, with a broad, white, membranaceous margin, emarginate, 
and crowned with two equal, erect briftles. Has not a conical 

It is a lofty hot-houfe plant. Native of Mexico. The fpe- 
cimen from which our drawing was made, was communicated 
by Meflrs. Whitley, Brame, and Milne, of the Fulham 
Nurfery, in February 1813. The fame plant was raifed by 
Aylmer Burke Lambert, Efq. by whom we were favoured 
with a fpecimen with mature feeds. 

[ 1628 ] 


Oafs and Order. 
Pentandria Digynia. 

Generic Cbaracler. 

Afclcpiadea. MaJJa pollinis lseves, jo, pendulae. Corona Ja- 
wwaw fimplex, 5-phylla: foliolis cucullatis, utrinque unidentatis. 
Cor. reflexa. Follieuli echinati fpinis innocuis. Brown Afclep. 
et in Hort. Kew. r 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

GOMPHOCARPUS fruticofus , foliis lineari-lanceolatis gla- 

bris. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 2. p. 80. 
ASCLEPIAS/r^Vo/j,- foliis revolutis lanceolatis, caule fruti- 
AC r C r l ' S £ ec ' PL 2 1 5' W7A/. 1.1271. Thunb. Prod. 47. 
A^LLEPIAS caule credo fruticofo, foliis lanceolatis, umbellis 

nutamibus, conceptaculis inflatis pilofis. Hort. Cliff. 78 

£T, N , UM ereaum a J ricanum 5 vi »ofc fruBu, falicis folio. 
Mill Icon. t. 45. IM-m. Parad. 23. /. 24. 

APOCYNUM eredum elatius, falicis angufto folio, folliculis 
pilofis. Pink. Abn, 36. /. 138. fig. 2. 

Native of die Cape of Good-Hope and an old inhabitant of 
our greenhoufes, where it thrives well and frequently ripens its 
leeus. But the plant fhould be removed out of the greenhoufe 
or the feed-vellels be plucked off before they burft, otherwife 
the down of the feeds being blown about the houfe, and ad- 
hering to whatever it touches, is apt to disfigure all the fur- 
rounding foliage. 

- / '''//"> 2 J 

J'uf iy- iS 04rAr WaUrer&i ,-f^r r r.',* 



C 1629 ] 

Statice conspicua. Shewy Sea- 

frjnutfr $♦♦♦>♦♦♦♦♦ $♦♦$$» 

Clafs and Order. 
Pentandria Pentagynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. l-phyllus, integer, plicatus, fcariofus. Petala 5. San. 1. 

Specific Charatler. 

STATICE confpicua ; fcapo fubfoliofo, ramis triquetris alatis, 
floribus aggregatis interrupts fpicatis, bra&eis acuminatis 
calyce longioribus. 

This fpecies has a very near affinity with Statice fpeciofa 
(No. 656), and we obferve the fame plant in Mr. Lambert's 
Herbarium, under that name, with Pallas's own fignature. 
But upon a careful comparifon of this fpecimen, which appears 
to have been fent by Pallas to ProfefTor Murray, with 
others of fpeciofa, and even with the one preferved in his own 
herbarium, now in Mr. Lambert's poffeffion, we cannot help 
confidering them as diftinct. The leaves, which however vary 
much in fize, are not only fmaller but much more acute, and 
terminate gradually in a fharp mucro j the/cape is always much 
Ws branched ; the ftipuU longer, more pointed, and leafy, not 
fcariofe as m fpeciofa, where they grow at the divifions of the 
branches only, and were on that account termed braftes in 
our defcription; the branches are winged, but the wings are 
narrower and not curled. But perhaps the mod important dif- 
ference is, that the bratJes have a much broader membranaceous 
border, and are elongated to an awl-fhaped point, extending 
beyond the calyx. The flowers grow in diftincl clutters, making 
an interrupted fpike. 

Raifed by Mr. Lod dices, about ten years fince, from 
Siberian feeds : but to whom we are indebted for the communi- 
cation of the plant from which our drawing was made, having 
loft our memoranda, we cannot now afecrtain. Flowers in May 
and June. Both this and fpeciofa, although fufficiently hardy with 
refpect to cold, are preferved with the greatelt difficulty ; and 
are perhaps not at prefent to be met with m this country. 

[ * 6 3° ] 

clmicifuga palmata. palmate-leaved 

Clafs and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. 4 — 5-phyllus. Pet. 4 — 8, cartilaginea. Cap/. 1 — 5, feu 
plures, oblongsE, futura laterali dehifcentes, polyfpermse. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

ClMICIFUGA pahnata; foliis fimplicibus palmatis, floribus 
apetalis dichotome fubpaniculatis polygynis. 

ClMICIFUGA palmata; foliis fimplicibus palmatis, floribus 
dichotome -paniculatis fubcorymbofis polygynis, capfulis 
breviflimis fubglobofo-capitatis. Purjh Fl. Am. Sept. p. 

ClMICIFUGA palmata; foliis fimplicibus, palmatis: floribus 
dichotome fubpaniculatis, polygynis. Michaux Fl. Bor. Am. 

Cimicif uga palmata was firft defcribed by Michaux, and 
was brought to this country by Mr. Lyons. We received it from 
Mr. William Kent, of Clapton, but our drawing was taken 
from a fpecimen communicated to our draughtfman by the 
Honourable William Herbert. 

The fpecies of this genus muft be very puzzling to young 
ftudents of the Linnean fyftem; no two of them according in 
the number of piftils, which vary from one to twelve and up- 
wards. Nor are the other parts of the flower at all conftant ; 
our prefent plant, in all the fpecimens which we have examined, 
is perfectly apetalous. 


J'vJ" /■l"<lr<£s r,,i 

-ft*A iyr iS fijrfe* Wa/*vc?rjSi*S/i/- r r.vsf 

C 1631 ] 

Sagittaria sinensis. Chinese 

♦ ♦♦♦♦♦ ••#**■♦ -£ !*# <hM> & #♦# -fc & 

C/rt/j- tf»^ Order* 


Generic CharacJer. — Vide N m - 1632. 


Specific Character and Synonym. 

SAGITTARIA fmenfis ; foliis trifidis tripartitifve : lobis fub- 
sequalibus nervofis, fcapo ramofo polygono, flore mafculo 

SAGITTARIA fagittifolia. Lour. Cochin, p. 570. 

We had the honour to receive fpecimens of this plant from 
the Right Honourable the Countess of Essex, in October 
laft, from her Ladyfhip's aquarium in Caftiiobury-Park. 

It is a native of China and Cochinchina ; and, upon con- 
futing Loureiro, we find an exact defcription of it, under 
the name of Sagittari a fagittifolia of Linnaeus, which he 
fuppofed it to be, but from which it differs very materially. 
The leaves are very large, ftrongly nerved, three-lobed, fub- 
fagittate : lobes nearly equal, patent, the middle one fomewhat 
broadeft and mod obtufe ; the/cape is longer than the petioles, 
branched, fluted or many-angled : flowers in whorls of three 
together, on fhort pedicles: male flower at the extremity of the 

In the Species Plantarum, there is a Sagittaria trifolia 
from China, for which a figure in Petiver's Gazophylacium 
is quoted ; but that figure is fo unlike to our plant, that we 
cannot fuppofe them to be the fame, although we have been 
informed that in this the lobes of the leaves are fometimes 
divided quite to the footftalk, in which cafe they would become 

t: . 

C 1632 ] 

Sagittaria rigida. Brittle-stalked 

Clafs and Order. 


Generic Character. 
Masc. Cal. 3-phyllus. Cor. 3-petala. FiJam. fere 24. 

Fem. Cal. 3-phyllus. Cor. 3-petala. Pifiilla multa. Sem. muka, 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

SAGITTARIA rigida ; foliis lanceolatis carinatis, petiolis tri- 
quetris, fcapis teretibus fimplicibus, capitulis femineis fcffili- 
bus, ftolonibus reptantibus. 

SAGITTARIA rigida; foliis angufto-lanceolatis inferne cari- 
natis rigidis utrinque acutiffimis, fcapo ramofo, floribus mo- 
noicis. Purjb FL Amer. Sept. 397. 

SAGITTARIA bulk/a. Bonn Hort. Cant. ed. 6. p. 246. f 

This fpecies of Sagittaria increafes very faft by ruimers, 
infomuch that in a fhort time it overran the aquarium in Mr. 
Vere's garden at Kennngton-Gore. The ftems are remarkably 
brittle, whence our Englifh name. The female flowers are 
feffile, a charaSer which Mr. Pursh mentions as being peculiar 
to his heteropbylla. We are informed by this Botamft, that our 
plant is the fame as the one defcribed by him under the name of 
rigida, of which he brought no fpecimen, and had only a fhort 
imperfea defcription taken at the time of obferving it, to frame 

his charafter from. , „ r „ 

As in fome other fpecies, in this genus, bulbs are occafionall y 
produced, but thofe not being peculiar to our plant, and 
Mr. Donn's bulbofanol having been any where defcribed^ we 

have onlv traditional evidence of the identity of his plant with 
ours, and have therefore not adopted his name. 

Not having had an opportunity of examining this plant in a 
living ftate ourfelves, we are indebted to Mr. Anderson for 
the knowledge of its increafing by runners, and of its remarkable 
brittlenefs ; by whom we are alfo informed that it is a native of 
Canada ; and that it was introduced by the Right Honourable 
Sir Joseph Banks, Bart, who received it from the late 
Mr. Francis Masson, in 1806. Donn gives 1798 for 
the year of introduction of his bulbofa. It is a perfectly hardy 



C 1633 ] 

Papaver nudicaule (|3.) Yellow- 
flowered, naked-stalked Poppy. 

^hMhNN^» » * * i&$ * $ * *--* ■*- 


Generic Character. 

Cor. 4-petala. Cal. 2-phyllus. Cap/, l-locularis, fub ftigmate 
perfiftente poris dehifcens. 

Specific GoaraZler and Synonyms. 

PAPAVER nudicaule s capfulis (ereBis) hifpidis, fcapo unifloro 

nudo hifpido, foliis fimplicibus pinnato hnuatis. Willd. Sp. 

PL 2. p. 1145. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 3. p. 289. Gmel. Sib. 4. 

p. 180. Flor. Dan. t. 41. Kniph. Cent. 10. n. 68. 
PAPAVER erraticum nudicaule, flore flavo odorato. £>/'//. 

Eltb. 302. /. 224. / 291. 
PAPAVER erraticum luteo flore, capite oblongo hilpido. 

Amman. Ruth 61. n. 81. 
(a.) floribus albis. 
(j3.) floribus flavis. 

Papaver nudicaule and <*//>/««« approach fo near to each 
other, that Haller and other Botanifts have fuppofed them 
to be the fame; and Linn^us himfelf doubted whether the 
former might not be a mere offspring of cultivation. To us, 
however, it appears that our plant, a native of Siberia, is ium- 
ciently diftina from the one which Haller and Jacquin 
have defcribed. It is much larger, leaves more hairy and pin- 
natifid, not bipinnate. There feems indeed to be two varieties 
of the yellow-flowered nudicaulis, as we have received from 
Mr. Loddiges a fpecimen exaBly correlponding with the 
figure in Flora Danica, with a fcape about fix inches high, and 
6 the 

the pinnulae crowded together. Our plant grew to the height of 
a foot and half, had generally five petals, and the lower pin- 
nulae diftant, alternate, and unequal ; differences which might 
however arife from the latter being cultivated in a good foil, in 
the open border, the former in a pot. Native of Siberia. A 
hardy biennial. Communicated by Mr. Knight, of the 
Exotic Nurfery, King's-Road. Flowers from June to Auguft. 
Cultivated by Dr. James Sherard, in 1730. 

C * 6 34 ] 

Lilium Martagon (a.) Smooth-stalked 
Martagon, or Turk's-cap-Lily. 

#'#»#H|HNHMHM t ' # $ % ft » » »♦ 

Oafs and Order, 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Inflor. terminalis, uni-multiflora : racemofa bra&eis foliaceis 
fimplicibus geminifve feparata : umbellate iftis in verticillum 
cin8a. Cal. o. Cor. infera, cernua ad ereBam, hexapetalo- 
partita, imbricato-connivens, turbinato-campanulata, fubaequalis, 
decidua, laciniis reBis f. revolutis, fulco vertical! nudo f. ciliato 
carinas dorfi refpondente infculptis. EL imas corollas adnata, 
fafciculato-divergentia, inclufe, rarius partim connata ; anth. 
oblongae, verfatiles. Stylus cum ftigmate craffo capitato-tngono 
' clavatus, nunc vage curvandus. Cap/, cartilaginea, erefta, tur- 
binata vel oblonga, rotundato-trigona, fexfulca, fexcoltata, 
o-loc, 3-valv., valvis medio feptigeris ; fern, numerofa, bi- 
ieriatim cumulata, plana, orbiculato-attenuata, lubmarginata ; 
alb. carnofum. G. 

Obs. Herb* bulbcfx, caulefcenUs; hwXhusfquamofus, rhizomate baud 

mfrequentcr in flagcllum foboliferum ab infra excurrcnte ; racemus erc£lm y 
rarius fubpaniculato-divijus ; peduncoli robuftiores facie fert remnant to lu 
wato.lanceolata ad lineari-fubulata, fccpius Join cuulina, modotamm bulb, 
q uam cauk, hie verticilhta diftantia velfparfa confertiora tllic fajciculah- 

amlncntia, nunc in axillis hdbifera ; capfularum valva pkxu fibrofo tnter- 
gerino connex* ; fern, fujea, glabra. Prtxim* FaiTILLARI* fundus 

tortile latioretfapius rotundatus foveis fenis mclanfens, Jhgmata rephcato- 
difcreta, canaliculata, bulbus e laminis amplioribus compacltor, commumter 
tollaterali-duplicatus. G. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

LILIUM Martagon; (fiores cernui, refiexi ;) bulbo flavefcente; 
caule tereti eftriato ; foliis cunBis caulims, diftanter verti- 
cillatis (verticillis nunc duplicalis), obovato-lanceolatis, 
acumine brcvi, deorfum longius attcnuatis, immerfe iub- 
feptemnerviis. venous, firmulis, fummis fparfis; racemo 
1 lsxe 

laxe fparfo f. partim verticillato, pauci-multifloro ; pedun* 
culis recurvis, llorem aequantibus f. excedentibus; bracleis 
faspius geminis, inaequalibus ; corolla turbinato-revoluta, 
glabra; canaliculis tubulatis nudis ; laciniis difco dorfi vel 
tantum in carina pubefcentibus, exterioribus margine bre- 
viflime inflexis, extra apicem bullula callofa praefixis, in- 
terioribus obtufioribus carina quadrata ; ftaminibus quarta 
circiter brevioribus ; germine breviore quam ftylus ; 
ftigmate obfolete tricolli, depreflb, pruinofo ; capfula 
turbinata. G. 

LI LIU M Mart agon. Linn. Sp. PI. ed. 2. 1. 435. Lit. a Redout t, 
tab. 146. Erotero Flcr. Lufit. 1. 522. Bieberjlein Flor. Taur. 
Cauc. 1. 267. Lamarck et Decand. Flore Fran^. 3. 210. 
Hort. Keiv. ed. 2. 2. 242. Nobis Jupra No. 893, ubi reliana 

(k.) caule glabro. G. in numero prxfenti. 

(£.) caule villofo-hirfuto. G. Jupra No. 893, 

For a further account of the fpecies, fee No. 893 of this 
work. The prefent variety with a fmooth ftem is ufually a lefs 
robuft: plant than ,G, which has a pubefcent Item. The prefent 
is the variety figured by Jacquin, in his Flora Aultriaca. 
Native of Germany, France, Siberia, Spain, and Portugal. G. 

C ^35 1 

Phalangium Liliago (a.) major. Larger 


C/j/5 and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Inflor. racemofa, braaeis fimplicibus interftinaa. Cat. o. 
Cor. infera, hexapetaloideo-rotata fubaequalis, perfiftens. Fil. 
corollae difco impofita, ereao-divergentia, inclufa; anth. oblong<e, 
incumbentes. Stylus triquetro-filiformis, decurvo-aflurgens, cum 
Jligmate trigono obtufo pruinofo clavato-continuus. Capf.pcr- 
gamea, rotunda f. ovata, trifulco-trigona, polyfperma, 3-loc, 
3-valv., valvis medio feptigeris ; fern, margini interior! diflepi- 
menti utrinque annexa, obverfe attenuata 3 angulofo-prefla ; 
alb. carnofum, durum. G. 

r £*£■' ** erba2 P erenm ntes t caulefcentes ; radix fafciculato-fibrofa, fibris 
fubfufiformi-crafjis ; folia plura, radkalia, ambientia t graminea, Ugulato- 
attenuata, canaliculato-explicanda, nervulofa, erecls-divergentia ; racemus 
ftmplexv.divifus, laxus ; pcdunculi uniarticular ; corolla: lacinia interhres 
modo crifpata ; HI. nunc barbata ; feminum tejla nigro-fufca, excavato- 
panaiculata. Anthericum (Phalangium. JuJJ'.et Red.) Liliaftrum 
ad Hemerocallidem, et ferotinum ^Gaceam (fupra No. 1200) 
referenda funt. Antherico Jlylus reftus, attenuatus, pedunculi non arti- 
culati, herba craffa aut fiflulofa. Hemerocallidi corolla connivens t 
/lamina decurvo-ajjurgentia, herba fere Phalangii. G. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

PHALANGIUM Liliago ; (fil. nuda ; ) racemo fimplici bifidove; 

corollas laciniis omnibus explicatis. G. 
PHALANGIUM Liliago. Nobis fupra No. 914. Lit. a Redout?, 

tab. 269. Lamarck el Decand. Flore Franf. 3. 210. 
ANTHERICUM Liliago. Linn. Sp. PL ed. 2. 1. 445. Hort. 

Kew. ed. 2. 2. 269. Alia fynonyma fupra in No. 914. 
(a.) major; in pr<efenti numero, 
((3.) minor ,. fupra No. 914, 


The whole plant is larger than /3, already given in No. gi4* 
Its flowers are tinged with green down the back of their fegments. 
Cultivated by Gerard in 1596. Blooms in May and June. 
For further account of the fpecies, and for the other fynonyms 
fee the above-cited number. G. 


Allium Cepa. (3. bulbiferum. Tree Onion. Supra No. 1469. 

" A plant called the onion-tree, which is met with in the Canadian 
" gardens, is of a curious nature. Its ftalks run up to the fame 
** height, and it has much the fame appearance, as the common 
K onion when in feed ; but it contains feveral branches, and at 
" the end of each a duller of moderate-fized onions. Thefe are 
" its feed and if left in the duller will frequently branch out, and 
* s each bear other clutters, but of a more diminutive fize." 

Lambert's Travels in Canada, &c. ed. 2. v. 1. p. 439. 

The vegetable Mr. Lambert has defcribed, is the variety of 
the common onion, publifhed in No. 1469 of this work. Upon 
reading this paffage, it occurred to us as probable, that the 
bulbiferous habit which diftinguifhes the variety, has been in- 
duced by the culture of the parent-fpecies in a region fo much 
colder than its natural one, as that of Canada mayjuftly be 
prefumed to be ; and that proving in this form an ufeful addi- 
tion to the kitchen-garden, fcions have been remitted thence to 
Europe, and thus given rife to its appellation of " the Canada- 
onion," and confequent confufion with Allium canadenfe (fee 
No. 1469); the origin of which name and error is otherwife a 
myftery to us. We fcarcely need obferve, that many bulbous 
plants are known to become viviparous (i.e. to bear bulbs in 
the place of feed) when tranfplanted into fituations colder than 
thofe to which they naturally belong. G. 

Scilla romana. Supra No. 939. 

The following fynonym may be fubjoined to thofe already 
given in the above article j J 

Bellevalia opercalata. Picot de la Peymfe, injourn. de Phyf. 
de Delameth. 67. 425 ; et in neues Journ. fur die Bot. vom 
Schrader. v. 3. pars 4. p. 121. 

Monf. Picot de la Pey rouse, having lately found this 
plant in the vallies of the Pyrennees, had deemed it fui generis and 
nondefcript. G. 

£ J^^SU&i^^.^&^&^£ .$&*§& J&£ 


In which the Latin Names of 
the Plants contained in the 
Thirty -Ninth Volume are alpha- 
betically arranged. 


1613 Alftrcemeria Salfilla. 
1608 Anchufa ochroleuca. 
653 Arnopogon Dalechampii. 

615 Barleria criftata. 

619 Brunfvigia multiflora. 
630 Cimicifuga palmata. 
614 Columnea fcandens. 

603 Convolvulus candicans. 
605 Crinum amabile. 

622 Dianthus Caryophyllus (y.) im~ 

616 Diofma ovata. 

626 Erica togata. 
602 Galardia bicolor. 

628 Gomphocarpus fruticofus. 
618 Haemanthus rotundifolius. 

610 Haemodorum planifolium. 
609 Heliotropium corymbofum. 

599 Helonias graminea. 

624 Hovea lanceolata. 

604 Iris fibirica {y.) Janguinea. 

611 Lachenalia bifolia. 

594 Lachnaea purpurea. 

634 Lilium martagon (a.) 
596 Lophiola aurea. 

621 Magnolia confpicua. 

6 i 2 Moraea collina (a. ) miniata minor. 

625 Mylocaryum liguilrinum. 
593 CEnothera csefpitofa. 
606 glauca. 

-q 2 ^_ miffourcnfis. 

633 Papavcr nudicaule (|3.) 

635 Phalangium Liliago (*.} major. 
601 Rudbeckia columnaris. 

600 Sabbatia calycofa. 
632 Sagittaria rigida. 
go t - finenfis. 

627 Spilanthes crocata. 

629 Statice confpicua. 
g x - _ — fpathulata. 

620 Strumaria gemmata. 
598 Tradefcantia craflifolia. 

,-07 . — ■ fubafpera. 

607 Vaccinium difFufum. 

595 Viola montana. 


In which the Engliih Names of 
the Plants contained in the 
Thirty- Ninth Volume are alpha- 
betically arranged. 


608 Alkanet, pale-flowered. 

613 Alftrcemeria, Potatoe-rooted. 

632 Arrow-head, brittle-ftalked. 
601 Chinefe. 

615 Barleria, crefted. 

603 Bindweed, Tanaffee. 

618 Bloodflower, round-leaved. _ 

619 Brunfwick-Lily, or Chandelier- 


625 Buckwheat - Tree, or Privet- 

leaved Mylocarium. 
630 Bug-wort, palmate-leaved. 

622 Carnation, wheat. ear. 

614 Columnea, climbing. 

605 Crinum, Sir Abraham Hume's. 

616 Diofma, oval-leaved, [leaved. 

606 Evening - Primrofe, glaucous- 

593 Evening -Primrofe, matted. 

592 miffouri. 

602 Galardia, two-coloured. 

6^8 Gomphocarpus, willow-leaved. 

610 .Haemodorum, dingy-flowered. 

626 Heath, large-cupped. 

599 Helonias, grafs-leaved. 
624 Hovea, lance-leaved. 

604 Iris, Mr. Hibbert's. 

611 Lachenalia, cowled two-leaved. 

594 Lachnaea, purple-flowered. 

634 Lily, fmooth-ftalked Martagon, 

or Turk's-Cap. 
.596 Lophiola, golden-crefted. [Ian. 
62 1 Magnolia, Lily-flowered, or Yu- 

612 Moraea, lefler equal-flowered. 

635 Phalangium, larger grafs-leaved. 

633 Poppy, naked-ftalked. 
601 Rudbeckia, high.crowned. 

600 Sabbatia, dichotomous. 
629 Sea-Lavender, (hewy. 

617 fpatula-leaved. 

623 Sheeps-beard, great- flowered. 
597 Spider-wort, Lyon's new. 
5g£ tuberous-rooted. 

627 Spilanthes, fafFron-flowered. 

620 Strumaria, jewelled-flowered. 

609 Turnfole, large-flowered. 

595 Violet, mountain. 

607 Whortleberry, Ihining-leavcd, 

Trinted by S. Couchman, Throgmorton-Strect, London*