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Full text of "Curtis's botanical magazine."

CURTIS' S 

Botanical Magazine; 

O R, 

Flower-Garde n Difplayed : 

IN WHICH 

The mod Ornamental Foreign Plants, cultivated in the 
Open Ground, the Green -Houfe, and the Stove, are 
accurately reprefented in their natural Colours. 

TO WHICH ARE ADDED, 

Their Names, Clafs, Order, Generic and Specific Characters, according 

to the celebrated Linnaeus ; their Places of Growth, 

and Times of Flowering: 

TOGETHER WITH 

THE MOST APPROVED METHODS OF CULTURE. 

A WORK 

Intended for the Ufe of fuch Ladies, Gentlemen, and Gardeners, as 
wifh to become fcientificaily acquainted with the Plants they cultivate. 

By JOHN SIMS, M. D. 

Fellow of the Royal and Linnean Societies. 
VOL. XL. 



The Flowers, which grace their native beds, 

Awhile put forth their blufhing heads, 

But, e'er the clofe of parting day, 

They wither, fhrink, and die away : 

$"t these, which mimic (kill hath made, 

Nor fcorched by funs, nor killed by made, 

Shall blufh with lefs inconftant hue, 

Which art at pleafure can renew. Lloyd. 



LONDON: 

Printed by Stephen Couchman, Throgmorton-Street. 

Publiihed by Sherwood, Neely, & Jones, 20, Paternofter-Row ; 

And Sold by the principal Bookfellersin Great-Britain and Ireland. 

MDCCCXIV. 




AP/&& 



C 1636 ] 

Laurus Cassia. Cassia, or Bastard 
Cinnamon. 

C/^/j 0W Onfer. 
Enneandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. 

Cal. o. Cor. calycina, 6-partita. Neclarium glandulis tribus, 
# bifetis, germen cingentibus. Filam. interiora glandulifera. Drupa 
l-fperma. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

LAURUS Cajjias foliis trinerviis ovato-lanceolatis acutis : ju- 

nioribus coloratis, pedunculis trichotomc paniculatis di- 

varicatiflimis. 
LAURUS CaJJia; foliis triplinerviis lanceolatis. Sp. PI. 528. 

Willd. 2. p. 477. Perfoon Syn. 1. j?. 448. ifom. 7«i. 91. 
LAURUS Cafftas paniculis laxis fublateralibus. Lam. Enc. 3. 

p. 441. ///. /. 321. f. 2. 
LAURUS Canella. Mill. DM. n. 12. 
CINNAMOMUM perpetuo florens, folio tenuiore acuto. 

Burm. Zeyl. 63. /. 28. 
CASSIA lignea. Blackw. t. 391. (fig. ex Hort. Malab. mutuata). 
CASSIA malabarica. Herm. Lugdb. 130. 
CASSIA cinnamomea myrrhae odore, folio trinervi fubtus casfio. 

Pluk. Aim. 89. 
CINNAMOMUM feu Canella malabarica f. javanenfis. Baub. 

Pin. 409. 
CARUA. Hort. Malab. 1. p. 107. /. 59. 



We believe it may ftill be confidered as in fome degree a 
difputed point, whether the Caffia and Cinnamon barks of the 
(hops are not the produft of the fame fpecies ; and in Rees's 
New Cyclopaedia, the lateft publication on the fubjeft, a doubt 
is expreffed whether the Laurus Gtmamomum and Caffia are not 

rather 



rather varieties than diftincr. fpecies. On the other hand, 
Gartner's diffecYions of the fruits of the two trees, if there be 
no error, which, as he had them for examination from the 
Leyden collection of feeds, is certainly not impoflible, fhews 
them to be fo diftinft, as to lead to a ftrong fufpicion that they 
mult belong to feparate genera. 

The true Cinnamon and the Caffia, as preferved in our ftoves, 
though eafily diftinguifhed by the eye of an experienced culti- 
vator, are not very readily characterized as diftinct fpecies by 
their foliage or habit; but when the flowers are fubmitted to 
careful examination, the ftamens are found to be fo remarkably 
different as to give countenance to Mr. Brown's opinion of 
their being, in reality, generically diftincl (vide Prod. Fl. Nova: 
Holland^ p. 401, adfinem). 

The red colour of the leaves on the young moots does not 
occur in the Cinnamon, and in the fpring of the year readily 
diftinguifhes the plants at firft fight. Mr. Mars den, in his 
Natural Hiftory of Sumatra, notices this appearance on the 
Caffia trees on that ifland. 

The Caffia, as cultivated in our ftoves, is a much more 
lightly fhrub than the Cinnamon, not only on account of the 
above-mentioned variety of colour in the foliage, but as being 
generally more healthy, the leaves being far lefs liable to be 
injured by the fudden changes of our atmofphere. 

Our drawing was made at Meffrs. Whitley, Brame, and 
Milne's Nurfery, at Fulham, in May, where it has flowered 
freely every fpring for feveral years paft. 



C ^37 ] 
CEdera prolifera. Proliferous GEdera. 

# *-#* iMHfr $♦♦#♦$$#♦#$# 

Syngenesia Poi.ygamia Segregata. 

Generic Character. 

Calyces multiflori. Corollul<e tubulofe, hermaphroditae et una 
aUerave feminea ligulata. Recept. palcaceum. Pappus paleis 
pluribus. 

Specific Cbaracler and Synonyms. 

CEDERA prolifera ; foliis lanceolatis ferratis reflexis. Willd. 

Sp. PL 3. p. 2392. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 5. p. 184. Thunb. 

Prod. 169. Perfoon Syn. 2. 498. 
CEDERA prolifera j foliis lanceolatis oppofitis ciliatis utrinque 

glabris. Linn. Suppl. 391. Syfi.Vegetab. 796. Martyn Mill. 

Ditl. n. 1. Lam. lllujlr. t. 720. 
BUPHTHALMUM Capenfe ; foliis oppofitis lanceolato-linea- 

ribus recurvis denticulato-ciliatis, calycibus acute foliofis, 

caule fuffruticofo. Sp. PL 1 274. Amoen. Acad. v. 6. p. 104. 

Berg. Cap. 297. 



The genus GEdera, fo named by Linnaeus in honour of 
the late Dr. George Christian CEder, profeflbr of Botany 
at Copenhagen, to whofe management the firft part of the Flora 
Danica was intruded, is a fmall greenhqufe fhrub, native of the 
Cape of Good Hope. 

This plant affords a good example of the order of Polygamia 
fegregata of Linn ^us, the head of flowers confifting of a num- 
ber of compound flowers, collected together on a common 
receptacle and furrounded by a common calyx or involucrum. 
The partial calyxes each contain feveral tubular hermaphrodite 
florets, with females in the circumference; but what is re- 
markable, is that only thofe female flowers, which form part of 
the outer circle of the common head of flowers, put forth a ligula, 
thus making the common head a regularly radiated flower. 

Introduced into the Kew Garden in 1789, by Mr. Francis 
Mas son. Flowers in May and June. Propagated by cuttings. 
Our drawing was taken in June 1810, from a plant communi- 
cated by Meflrs. Lod dices and Sons. 



' 




,/' (I rAr WaJ*-<?r# 



M'ffyi. 




[ i6 3 8 ] 

LUFFA FCETIDA. STINKING LUFFA. 

♦ ♦♦♦♦♦ »♦♦♦♦#♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ 

Clafs and Order. 

Moncecia Pentandria. 

Generic CharaBer. 

Masc. Cal. 5-partitus. Cor. 5-petala, calyci adnata. 

Fem. Cal. ei Corolla maris. Filam. 5 abfque antheris. Germen 
inferum. Stigmata 3—4, clavata. Pepo 10-fuIcatus, ficcus, 
operculatus, 3-locularis, polyfpermus. 

Specific Name and Synonyms. 

LUFFA fcetida. Cav. Ic. 1. p. 7. /. 9 e t 10. Willd. Sp. PL 4. 

p. 380. 
PICINNA, f. CUCUMIS fylveftris malabaricus, fruQu 

ftriato amaro. Hort. Malab. v. 8. p. 13. /. 7. 
CUCUMIS indicus ftriatus operculo donatus, corticofo pu- 

tamine teftus. Pluk. Phyt. t. 172./ 1. ? 
CUCUMIS longus indicus. Grew. Rar. 229. /. 27./ 2. 
PETOLA. ifow/] Amboyn. v. 5. ^>. 408. /. 149. f 
CUCUMIS acutangulus. Sp. PL 1436. f 



Profeffor Cavanilles confiders this as a genus to be 
feparated both from Momordica and Cucumis, on account 
of the filaments being diftinQ. He fuppofes that Momordica 
Luffa of Linnjeus may probably belong to the fame genus. 
Indeed thefe two plants appear to be extremely fimilar, as we 
judge from the excellent figures of Veslingius, in his ob- 
fervationson Prosper alpinus. The feeds of the Egyptian 
plant are however defcribed as being white, in ours they are 
quite black and intenfely bitter. The Cucumis acutangulus of 
Linn^us is probably the fame with our plant, at leaft the 
fruit defcribed by Grew and quoted by him undoubtedly be- 
longs to it. All the fynonyms of the Eaft-Indian fpecies placed 
under Momordica Luffa, probably belong to our plant. 

Raifed by Mr. Anderson in Mr. Vere's garden, from 
feeds fent by Dr. Roxburgh feveral years ago. Our drawing 
was taken there in September laft. Native of the Ifles of 
Bourbon and of France. Propagated by feeds. To be raifed and 
conftantly preferved in a hot-bed, where it will ripen its fruit. 



[ ^39 ] 

JACQUINIA AURANTIACA. ORANGE- 
FLOWERED JACQUINIA. 

-iff $ 4hM* MhW ♦$-♦ -#--#- # % 4hj6 $ ♦ 
C/^/i tf^i Order. 

pENTANDRIA MoNOCYNIA. 

Generic Character. 
Cor. lO-fida. Stamina receptaculo inferta. Bacca t-fpcima. 

Specific Characler. 

JACQUINIA auranliaca ; foliis obovatis lanceolatifve acu- 
minatis pungentibus. Hart. Kew. ed. alt. v. 2. p. 6. 



Desc. Stem fhrubby, tomentofc. Leaves alternate, obovate, 
and lanceolate, terminated with a ftiff pungent mucro, mining, 
pale underneath, rigid, margin thickened. Flowers in a terminal 
few-flowered raceme : Pedicles alternate, longer than the flower, 
thickened upwards ; with a minute brake at the bafe of each. 
Calyx five-cleft : fegments rounded, hollowed, clofely em- 
bracing the tube of the corolla. Corolla faucer-fhaped : tube 
longer than calyx, thick : limb ten-cleft : lacinias in two fcries, 
alternate, outer row larger and more rounded. Stamens five, 
inferted into the receptacle : filaments thick, united half-way from 
their bafe : anthers exferted, two-lobed. Ccrmen ovate, one- 
celled, with a fmgle <rvulum : jlyle fhorter than filaments : jligma 
capitate. 

This curious mrub is a native of the Sandwich Iflands, 
where it was difcovered by our friend Archibald Menzies, 
Efq. Introduced to the Kew Gardens, in 1796. Flowers 
moft part of the fummer, and as late as November. 

Our drawing was taken at the fine colle&ion belonging to 
the Comteffe De Vandes, at Bayes- Water* 




/VMi </' /v-:.- iKtAtmM ■ // --- * -'"/ 



C 1640 ] 

Cleome spinosa. Prickly Cleome. 
+**Mfr *-&*•*-$-$• ♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ 

Clafs and Order. 
Tetradynamia Siliquosa. 

Generic Cbaraeler. 

Cal. 4-phyllus. Petala 4. Siam. 4 — 40. Siliqua unilocularis, 
bivalvis, polyfperma. Sent, exalbuminofa. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

CLEOME fpinofa s aculeata hexandra: ftaminibus juxta bafin 
ftipitis germine aliquoties longioris infertis, foliis 7 — 5- 
natifque acuminatis, bra&eis racemi fimplicibus cordatis. 
Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 4. p. 131. 

CLEOME fpinofa. Wiljd. Sp. PL 3. p. 568. (exclufo fynonymo 
Milled.) Sp. PL 939. Jacq. Amer. 190. SwartzObf. 252. 

CLEOME pungens : floribus hexandris, foliis quinatis vifcofis, 
caule fpinofo. Willd. Hort. Berol. 1. /. 18. 

CLEOME Erucago. Mill. Did. 

CLEOME affurgens ramofum et fpinofum heptaphyllum, fpica 
multiplici foliata. Brown Jam. 273. 

TARENAYA Marcgr. Brafil. 33. /. 34. 



This is undoubtedly the fame plant that is defcribed and 
figured by Willd enow, under the name of Cleome pungens, 
in his Hortus Berolinenfis ; but we fee no reafon to fuppofe it 
to be diftinft from Cleome fpinofa of Linnaeus. The author 
himfelf obferves that they are very fimilar, but that this differs 
in being more lofty and in having conftantly five, never feven, 
leaflets, and in being clammy. But the latter circumftance is 
particularly mentioned by J acq u in, in his defcription of 
fptnofa; and Mr. Anderson affures us, that the leaves of our 
plant, when young and vigorous, had frequently feven leaflets. 
As to the height there is no remarkable difference in his 

account 



account and that of J acq u in, if there were any weight in fuch 
a diftinftion. 

Though generally confidered as annual, and indeed ufually 
flowering the firft year, yet in our floves it is perennial, or at 
leaft biennial, and blooms more perfectly the fecond year than 
the firft. 

Native of the Well-Indies. Cultivated by Miller before 
the year 1731. Flowers in July and Auguft. Propagated by 
feeds; and is to be conftantly kept in the ftove. Our drawing 
was taken at Mr. Vere's, at Kenfington-Gore 3 in July 1812. 



JP/Sft. 




■■■ | I 



-P»&ir i/Vi^A; WaA 



/■^yi).!^. 



C 1641 ] 

Pelargonium triste (/3) filipendulifolium. 

Drop-wort-leaved night-smelling 

Pelargonium. 

M^M $$ $ #♦♦♦ ♦ ♦■♦ ♦♦ 

Qafs and Order. 

MONADELPHIA HePTANDRIA. 

Generic Characler. 

Cal. 5-partitus : lacinia fuprema definente in tubulum capil- 
larem, ne&ariferum, fecus pedunculum decurrentem. Cor. 5- 
petala, irregularis. Filam 10, inaequalia, quorum 3 — 6 caflrata. 
Arilli 5, monofpermi, ariftati, ad bafin receptaculi roftrati : 
ariftis fpiralibus introrfum barbatis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

PELARGONIUM trifle; fubacaule, umbella fimplici, foliis 

hirtis pinnatis : foliolis bipinnatifidis : laciniis oblongis 

acutis. IViild. Sp. PL 3. p. 650. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. v. 4. 

p. 165. Perfoon Syn. 2. p. 228. 
PELARGONIUM trifle s fubcaulefcens, umbella fimplici 

foliis multifido-laciniatis villofis, laciniis lanceolatis. Hort. 

Kew. ed. prima 2. p. 418. 
GERANIUM trifle : calycibus monophyllis feflilibus, fcapis 

bifidis monophyllis. Sp. PL 950. Kniph. Cent:-], n. 29. 
GERANIUM radice tuberofa, foliis longiflimis bipinnatis hirtis, 

floribus umbellatis noftu fuaveolentibus, corollis fubaequa- 

libus atro maculatis. Cav.Dijf. 4. p. 261. /. 107./ 1. Rivin 

Pentap. 105. 
GERANIUM calycibus monophyllis, tubis longiflimis fub- 

feffilibus, radice fubrotunda. Hort. Cliff. 344. Bum. Geran. 

GERANIUM trifle. Cornut. Canad. 109. /. 110. 
GERANIUM no&u olens aethiopicum, radice tuberofa, foliis 

myrrhidis latioribus. Breyn. Cent. 126. /. 58. 
GERANIUM trifte. Riv. Pentap. 106. 
GERANIUM africanum noclu olens radice tuberofa foliis 

paftina.cs, JVeinm, Pfyt, t, 541, a, 

GERANIUM 



GERANIUM indicum noftu odoratum. Ger. Emac. 94S. 
( t 3.) (filipendulifolium) foliis glabriufculis, corollis irregularibus, 

petalis longioribus laxis. 
GERANIUM trifte africanum. Riv. Pentap. 105. ? 
GERANIUM trifte. Knorr Thefaur. 1. /. 8. 19. ? 
GERANIUM trifte f. indicum noctu olens. Weinm. Pbyt. t. 

533. 6. t 



The corolla of this variety of the night- fmelling Pelar- 
gonium is more irregular than in any of the figures above 
quoted, the petals which are longer and more lax, looking two 
upwards and three downwards. The leaves are far lefs hairy 
than in variety («), indeed almoft fmooth, except along the 
footftalk and main ribs, and are more like thofe of common 
drop-wort ; on which account we have added the additional 
name of filipendulifolium. We have been induced to do this, 
more efpecially, as we are not fure that it may not turn out to 
be a diftinct. fpecies. The fynonyms we have ailigned to this 
variety in particular come confiderably nearer to it than the 
others, but none of them refemble it fo exactly as to leave no 
doubt. 

In the day-time the flowers of this plant are without fmell ; 
but after fun-fet and through the night emit a powerful fcent, 
which conveys the idea of fome delicious fruit. 

Like the other tuberous-rooted fpecies, it has only five fertile 
itemens ; and the pedicles are not recurved, before the flower- 
bud is expanded, as in the other Pelargoniums ; which we have 
before (No. 524) remarked as being common to all this 
fetlion. 

Flowers moft part of the fu miner. Propagated by feeds or 
by cuttings of the root. Communicated by Melfrs. Whitley, 
Br a me, and Milne, of the Fulham Nurfery. 



dfytfyz ■ 




'14-iis Walvrcr&i ^t'i 



C 1642 ] 

Iberis saxatilis ' (j3) corifolia. Smooth- 
leaved Rock Candy-tuft. 

Clafs and Order. 
Tetradynamia Siliculosa. 

Generic Characler. 

Silicula emarginata : valvis navicularibus alatis; loculis mono- 
fpermis. Petala inaequalia. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

IBERIS faxatilis ; caule fufFruticofo afperato, ramis adfcen- 

dentibus, foliis linearibus carnofis integerrimis, floribus 

fubumbellatis. 
(a..) thymbraefolia ,- foliis pubefcentibus acutis. 
IBERIS faxatilis s foliis pubefcentibus acutis integerrimis, in- 

ferioribus linearibus, fuperioribus lanceolatis. Willd. Sp. 

PL 3. p. 453. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 4. p. 84. 
IBERIS faxatilis- fufFruticofa, foliis lanceolato-linearibus car- 
nofis acutis integerrimis ciliatis. Amcen. Acad. 4. p. 321. 

Sp. PL 905. 
THLASPI faxatile vermiculato folio. Bauh. Pin. 107. Garid. 

Proz: 460. /. 101. 
LITHONTHLASPI 3, fruticofius, vermiculato acuto folio. 

Col. ecphr. 1. p. 273. /. 277.^ 1. 
THLASPI fruticofum folio Thymbrse hirfuto. Bauh, Pin. 108. 
(/3.) corifolia; foliis glabris oblufis recurvis. 
IBERIS faxatilis. B. Coridis folio, foliis glabris fubulato- 

linearibus, ex monte Ventofo. Villars Dauph. 3.' p. 288. 
THLASPI quintum hifpanicum albo flore. Cluf. Hifi. 2. p. 132. 

ex icone Jacobi Plateau, fig. optima. 



As this fpecies, of which we made fome mention at No. 1031, 
has neither ciliated, pubefcent, nor acute leaves, we were in- 
clined to regard it as quite diftina from faxatilis, and fuppofed 

that 



that it rather belonged to I b er i s garrexiana of A l l i o n i. But 
upon more mature confideration, we rather confider it to 
be a fmooth variety of Iberis Jaxatilis. It feems pretty- 
certainly to be the variety coridis folio of Villars, and we find 
an excellent reprefentation of it, from a drawing fent by one 
Ja. Plateau, in Clusius's Hifiory above quoted. 

Native of the mountains of Southern Europe, growing efpe- 
cially on lime-ftone rocks. Flowers in the fpring. Propagated 
by feeds. Communicated by Meffrs. Lod dices and Sons. 





¥ l /^s. 



*~<c/*y^ 






C 1643 ] 

Maurandia antirrhiniflora. Snap- 
dragon-flowered Maurandia. 

Oafs and Order. 

DlDYNAMIA ANGIOSPERMIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. 5-partitus. Cor. ringens. Filam. bafi callofa. Cap/. 2, 
coalita, apice femiquinquevalves. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

MAURANDIA antirrhiniflora; corollis fauce claufis. IVilld, 

Enum. p. 659. Hort. Berol. 83. 
MAURANDIA antirrhiniflora. Humboldt et Bonplond. 



At No. 460 of this work, the reader will find an account 
of another, and, at that time, the only known fpecies of this 
genus. 

Native of Mexico, and with us an inhabitant of the green 
houfe. 

Our prefent plant was communicated laft July, by Meflrs, 
Lee and Kennedy, who, we are informed, raifed it from feed:, 
received from Paris, under the appropriate name of Mauran di a 
perfonata, which we mould have gladly adopted ; but we find 
that it has been already recorded in Willdenow's Enumeration 
of the Plants of the Berlin Garden, and well figured in his 
Hortus Berolinenfis. 



ADDENDA, 

No. 460, I.13, adde, Maurandia femperflorens ; fauce 
corolla aperta pervia. Willd* Enum. p. 699. 





/ '/d/t 



4 L.-' 







[ 1644 ] 

SlDA PERIPTERA. SHUTTLE-COCK SlDA« 

# #♦ ! ♦♦{♦♦♦ ♦♦♦ft ttfr 

Oafs and Order. 

MONADELPHIA PoLYANDRIA. 

Generic Characler. 

Cal {implex, angulatus. Stylus multipartitus. Cap/, plures, 
mono- f. tri-fpermae. 

Specific Character. 

SIDA periptera; foliis cordatis fubtricufpidatis acuminatis fer- 
ratis, petalis obcordato-cuneatis : unguibus diftantibus, fila- 
mentis longe exfertis apice recurvis, capfulis muticis. 



The fpecies of Si da are fo very numerous, that the genus 
might advantageoufly be divided ; for which divifion the re- 
markable difference in the fruit would probably afford fufficiently 
diftinctive characters. 

We do not find that any defcribed fpecies will at all correfpond 
with this, nor have we met with it either in the herbarium of 
Sir Joseph Banks, or in that of Mr. Lambert; and are 
therefore conftrained to confider it as undefcribed. 

Desc. Stem tall, fhrubby : branches rounded, hifpid. Leaves on 
long footftalks, alternate, diftant, cordate, lengthened out at the 
point, ferrate, pubefcent on both fides, foft underneath, and rough 
on the upper furface, the bafe of the lower ones only flightly 
angled, upper ones halberd-fhaped. Flowers grow in a fcattered 
panicle at the extremity of the ftalks on long alternate generally 
one-flowered peduncles. Calyx fimple, 5-cleft, villous : fegments 
ovate-acuminate. Corolla bright fcarlet : petals longer than the 
calyx, emarginate, wedge-fhaped : claws very narrow, having a 
fpace between them, which gives the flower the form from 
whence our name has been borrowed; the petals (landing nearly 
'upright on the receptacle, like the feathers upon the crown of 
the cork in a fhuttle-cock, being feldom more expanded than on 
the uppermoft flower in the drawing. Column of filaments longer 
than the corolla, and the feparate extremities bent back. Style 
the length of the ftamens, divided at top into many white threads. 

Communicated by John Walker, Efq. Amo's-Grove, 
Southgate. Suppoled to be a native of Mexico. Flowers moll 
part of the year. 



C 1% ] 

Andersonia sprengelioides. Sprengelia- 
like Andersonia. 

♦ »♦♦»♦♦ »♦>»»♦ » * $»» ** 

Clafs and Order. 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. 

Cat. coloratus, bracleis foliaceis 2 pluribufve imbricatus. 
Cor. longitudine calycis : limbi laciniis bafi barbatis. Stam hv- 
pogyna : anthens infra medium affixis. SquamuU hypogvn* c 
nunc connate. Cap/, placentis columns centrali adnatis. Brown! 

Specific Characler and Synonym. 

ANDERSONIA fprengelioides , foliis patulis : acumine piano. 
Hon. Kew.ed. alt. v. 1. p. 322. Brown Prod. 55 4. 



a ufn g< ;T' ° f whlch our P refent P ]ant is a Secies, was 
eitablimed by Mr. Brown in his Prodromus Flora Nov* Hoi- 
landix. It differs from Sprengelia chiefly in the exiftence of 
icales at the bafe of the germen (nedaria of Linn^us); which 
are wanting m the latter genus, and in the greater length of the 
tube of tne corolla, with laciniae bearded at the bafe. 

r*£* B ^° WN gaVe " the name °f Andersonia, in memory 
ot Mr. William Anderson, Surgeon, who accompanied 
Captain Cook in two of his voyages, in the laft of which he 
penmed; and alfo to commemorate the merits of Dr Alex- 
ander Anderson, Prefea of the botanic garden in the Ifland 
or bt :. Vincent, and of Mr. William Anderson, a raoft 
ikiltul gardener and affiduous cultivator of curious exotics, as 
alio an acute obferver of their peculiar habits, to whofe abilities 
our pages bear frequent witnefs. 

Communicated by MelTrs. Malcolm and Sweet, from 
tteir very mtereftmg colkaion at Stockwell-Common, in June 

A hardy greenhoufe fhrub. Qifcovered on the fouthern coafts 
of New-HoUand, by Mr. Brown. Introduced in 1783, by 
Mr. Peter Good. / o» / 




• Gurkr W»l«rerft Ji-n~t. * ' "/ 






C 1646 ] 

Cameraria dubia. Doubtful 
Cameraria, 

Clafs and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Contorta. Follkuli 2, horizontales. Semina membranae pro- 
pria? inferta. 

Specific Characler. 

CAMERARIA dulia ; foliis ovato-lanceolatis fubundulatis, 
corona corolla? decemfida ; laciniis altcrnis brevioribus 
obtufis. 



We received this fhrub from Meffrs. Loddiges and Sons, in 
Auguft lafl, who informed us that it is a native of the Eaft- 
Indies. We do not find that it has been any where defcribed, 
and not having fecn the fruit, it is not poflible to determine 
with certainty to what genus it properly belongs. From its 
great fimilarity to Cameraria lutea of Willdenow, — C. 
Tamaquarina of Aublet (PL Guian. t. 102 J we are led to con- 
fider it as a congener of that plant. The habit is nearly the 
fame; the flowers grow in a few-flowered umbel on a fhort 
peduncle, from the fork of the divided branches, juft in the 
fame manner; but differ in having a larger corolla with a fhorter 
tube, not contracted upwards. The raoft material difference, 
however, and which makes an uncertainty with regard to the 
genus, is that the corona or neftarium is a procefs of the corolla 
itfelf, apparently independent of the anthers ; whereas in lutea 
the anthers are attached immediately to the bafe of the corona, 
which part is confidered by Aublet as filaments bearing the 
anthers at their bafes. 

It is an evergreen fhrub, requiring the heat of the ftove. 



C i5 47 ] 

Mesembryanthemum obcordellum. Heart- 
shaped Fig-Marigold; or Glaucous 

CHECQUERED DuMPLlN. 
4fc r# & % &-^ ^ &-&-# ^ & % $ -& -5^ $~$Hffr 

Cla/s and Order. 

ICOSANDRIA PeNTAGYNIA. 

Generic Charatler. 

Cal. 5-fidus. Vetala numerofa, linearia, bafi cohacrentia, 
Cap/, carnofa, infera, polyfperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

MESEMBRYANTHEMUM ^«r^//«;»/(acaulis)gIauccrcens, 
corolla albicante maculis confluentibus ramofis germine in- 
clufo. Haivorth Mi/c. Nat. 21. Ejufdcm Syn. PL Succulent, 
p. 203. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 3. p. 213. 



This curious little Mesembryanthemum was communi- 
cated by the Comtelfe De Vandes, from her collection at 
Bayes- Water, in 1811. 

We believe it has never been before figured, nor was it 
noticed by any botanical author, till Mr. Haworth defcribed 
it in his Mifcellanea Naturalia. 

Native of the Cape of Good Hope. Introduced about the 
year 1794, by Mr. Francis Masson. Should be kept near 
the floping lights of a good greenhoufe, and watered very 
fparingly, and in the winter very feldom. Propagated by ofF- 
fets. 



A:-'s 




[ 1648 ] 

Stapelia pulla. Black-flowered 

Stapelia. ■ 

*'». »!«. s!&.j$&. £'~ ife thi life. 1t. "if «V *■'* ^. >5t- jfe.j&.jfe. ^4, «!&, 

>j> «j<r ^j» T^r «,» »}. /j» <> #j» *> »f. •,* <^ *,» v,» Tpr »,v VfT ^P 

Clqfs and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. 
Afclepiadea. Neclar. duplici ftellula tegente genitalia. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

STAPELIA pulla ; ramis obfolete angulatis torulofis aculeatis, 
floribus aggregates feffilibus : laciniis lanceolato-acuminatis 
replicatis ereclis. 

STAPELIA pulla : corollis 5-fidis : laciniis ereflis lanceolato- 
acuminatis margine revolutis ; pedunculis flore brevioribus, 
ramis ereflis fubhexagonis medio extra denies floriferis. 
mild. Sp. PL 1. p. 1288. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 2. p. 92. 

STAPELIA pulla s fubhexagona erecla, aculeis patentiffimis, 
floribus feffilibus aggregatis, coroilarum laciniis lanceolatis, 
fupra holofericeis replicatis. Majfon Stap. p. 29. /. 31. Hort, 
Kew. ed. prior. 1. p. 310. 



The Stapelia pulla is among the rareft of the fpecies of this 
numerous family cultivated in our ftoves, and is ftill more 
feldom (ben in flower. Our drawing was taken fome years ago 
at the collection of the late I. Walker, Efq. of Stockwell. 

The cultivation of thefe plants moll proper to bring them 
into flower does not feem to be generally known, they are 
ufually directed to be kept in the dry ftove ; but we have be- 
fore obferved, that the Rev. S. Bale had found that they 
flowered better by being plentifully fupplied with water in a 
well-heated bark flove. Being natives of fandy deferts, where 
they are expofed to very long droughts at one time, and at 
another to be deluged by rain, it is probable that they fhould 
be kept very dry, during the feafon that they are not difpofed 

to 



to flower ; but when the period of flowering arrives, that they 
fhould then be removed to a well-heated bark ftove, and be 
plentifully fupplied, even kept in pans frequently replenifhed 
with water. 

Flowers in Auguft. Native of the fandy diftri&s beyond 
the ridges of mountains north of the Cape. 



%?*fyp. 




C l6 49 ] 

Enkianthus quinqueflora* Canton 

Enkianthus. 

# fMhft *# HhM* ^ *■ -#- ♦**-# <MHMf ♦ fr-$ 

C/a/} «h^ Order. 

Decandria Monocynia. 

Generic Charatler. 

Cat. parvus, perfiftens. Cor. campanulata, limbo 5-fido. 
NeBaria foveas 5, bafi corollae excavatae. Anthers bicornes* 
Bacca? 5-locularis. Semina plurima, receptaculo centrali inferta. 

Specific Charatler and Synonym, 

ENKIANTHUS quinqueflora ; foliis ovato-oblongis acuminatis, 
bra&eis plurimis deciduis : externis rotundatis internis 
cymbaeformibus. 

ENKIANTHUS quinqueflora. hour, Coch. Chin. p. 276. 

TSIAU TSUNG. Sinenfium. 

Desc. Stem fhrubby: branches fmooth reddifh, bearing the 
flowers in an umbel at the extremities. Leaves apparently deci- 
duous, with here and there one remaining through the winter, 
oblong-elliptical, acuminate, decurrent down the footftalk, 
reticulate-veined, mining green on the upper furface and pale 
underneath, veins deprelfed on both fides and frequently red on 
the under. Before the appearance of the flower the buds are 
covered with obtufe, roundifh fcales; and juft before the 
flowers appear the internal fcales burft forth, are much longer 
and canoe-fhaped of a very bright red colour. The fame 
bratles covered the buds which contain leaves only, exciting 
vain hopes of a fucceflion of flowers, where not a rudiment was 
to be feen. From Loureiro's defcription, perhaps badly 
underftood, it has been furmifed that our plant is a different 
fpecies from his, but as there are fpecimens in the Bankfian 
Herbarium, fent from Macao, by Mr. Haxton, under the 
name of Tsiau tsung, which agree exa£lly with ours, no 
doubt can remain of the identity of tbele plants. That 
the brades are naturally and not accidentally deciduous, is 
confirmed by two drawings made in Chma 3 in both of which 

the 



the flowers are nearly without bra&es. That the leaves are alfo 

naturally deciduous, is confirmed by thefe drawings, for in one 

of them, in the pofieflion of A. B. Lambert, Efq. a few fcat- 

tered old leaves remain, as in our figure ; but in the other, 

preferved in the mufeum at the India-Houfe, and which was 

drawn from the life, by a Chinefe artift, at the English factory, 

under the eye of Mr. Ker, there are no leaves but the 

young ones, which appear at the extremities of the flowering 

branches. Peduncles an inch and half long, recurved fo as to make 

the flower entirely cernuous. Calyx very fmall, five-cleft : feg- 

ments acute and minutely ciliate. Corolla one-petaled, bell-lhaped : 

tube large : limb 5-cleft : lacinia obtufe, revolute. At the bafe 

within the corolla are five hollow nectariferous cavities, much 

as in the flowers of the Crown-Imperial*, making as many gib- 

bofities on the outfide. The corolla, though of one piece, eafily 

Separates into five. Stamens 10. Filaments inferted into the bafe 

of the corolla, enlarged and villous a little above their bafe : 

Anthers two-awned. Germen five-cornered ; angles projecting ; 

fides depreiTed ; within 5-celled, each cell containing many feeds 

attached to the central receptacle. Style erect, the length of the 

corolla. Stigma fhining green, fimple. We have not feen the 

lipe fruit, but Loureiro fays that it is a five-celled berry. 

We are informed by Loureiro, that the fpecies which he 
has defcribed, is cultivated in Canton, where it grows to a 
moderate-fized fpreading tree ; and that flowering branches are 
preferved many days in porcelain vefiels filled with water in the 
houfes of the mandarins, where they are highly pleafing to the 
eye, but have no fcent. And Mr. Ker, in a note which ac- 
companies the drawing at the India-Houfe, obfervcs that this 
handfome fhrub grows fpontaneoufly in the province of Canton, 
where it is held in a kind of veneration, and the flowers deemed 
an acceptable offering to the gods ; and, accordingly, at the 
Chinefe new-year, which happens at the feafon of their blof- 
ibming, large branches with flowers are hung up in all the 
temples. 

Flowers in January and February. 

For an opportunity of drawing and defcribing this very rare 
plant, which has probably never before been feen alive in 
Europe, we are indebted to Mr. Knight, of the Exotic 
Nurfery, Kings-Road, Little Chelfea. 

* From the omiffion of the real minute calyx in fome of the flowers, the 
turgefcency of the nectaries, too ftrongly defined in the figure, may be 

miltakeii for this part. 



A''/r . 




' . -<S CUrtv WaJmrX. .. 



L 165° ] 
Leucadendron grandiflorum. Great- 
flowered Leucadendron. 

DlCECIA TETRAN Dili A. 

Generic Characlcr. 

Masc. VI. capitati. Cal o. P^V. 4, ftaminifera. 

Ff.m. &/£«w obliquum. Nux vc\ Samara l-fperma, fquamis 
ilrobili inclula. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

LEUCADENDRON grandiflorum ; foliis lanceolato-oblongis 
callo antice fubrotundo : adukis glabris; floralibus colo- 
ratis, ramis tenuifiime tomentofis, fquamis amend utriuf- 
que fexus ovatis obtuliufculis glabris fucatis. Brown in 
Linn. Soc. Tran/ael. 10. p. 59. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 5. p. 376. 

EURISPERMUM grandiflorum. Farad. Lond. 105. 



The genus Protea, as conflitutcd by Linnaeus, includes 
plants which, though belonging to the fame natural order, differ 
in fo many refpec'ts, that he was himfelf fenfible that they ought 
to be feparated, and accordingly made at one period an attempt 
to divide them into two genera; but the very limited number 
of fpecies at that time known to him, afforded very inefficient 
materials to found the generic charaBers upon, and when he 
became acquainted with more, they united fo badly with the 
crenera he had previoufly founded, that he feems at laft to have 
given them up in dcfpair, and left off where he had begun, by 
again reducing the whole under one. 

After Linnjeus, little feems to have been done more than 
the addition of new difcovered fpecies, till Mr. R. A. Salis- 
bury, in the Paradifus Londinenfis, gave definitions of fcveral 
genera of the African Proteaceae. And very foon after, Mr. 
Robert Brown, in the tenth volume of the Tranfa&ions of 

the 



the Linnean Society, favoured the botanical world with a com- 
plete revifion of the whole order. The principles of this laft; 
eflay have been adopted in the laft edition of the Hortus Kew- 
enfis, and may be now confidered as a well-eftablifhed ar- 
rangement. 

The names given by Mr. Salisbury are for the moft part 
retained by Mr. Brown, except in a few inftances, in which 
he has given his reafon for deviating from this rule. 

Frot e a argentea of Linnaeus, of which our prefent plant 
is a congener, being the original Leucadendron of Herman, 
Plukenet, and of Linnaeus himfelf, affords a found reafon 
for its adoption, in preference to that of Euryspermum. 

The fpecimen figured in the Paradifus Londinenfis had a 
much larger flower than the one here reprefented, which we 
believe to have been a female plant, but negleQed examining it 
in its recent ftate. Mr. Salisbury remarks, that the males 
exceed the females in fize. 

Native of the Cape of Good Hope. Requires the protection 
of a greenhoufe. Introduced about 1809. Communicated by 
the Right Hon. Lord Stanley. 



/. */l >/ 




C 1651 ] 

Saxifraga ceratophylla. Shining- 
calyxed Saxifrage. 

■ $ $ iM» ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ M -#-& 

Clqfs and Order. 
Djsxandria Digynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-partitus. Cor. 5-petala. Cap/. 2-roftris, l-locularis, 
polyfperma. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

SAXTFRAGA ceratophylla; glabra, foliis radicalibus trilobis: 
lobis multifidis : laciniis lateralibus falcatis, caule pani- 
culato, calycibus fucatis. Hart. Kew. ed. alt. 3 p. 70. 



Descr. Grows in round tufts without runners. Leaves on 
long channelled footftalks, rigid, three-lobed : lobes generally 
trifid, lateral ones fkkle-fhaped. Flowering-jlems fmooth, up- 
right, nearly naked, except a fimple leaf at the divifions of the 
blanches: lower ones tricufpid, upper ones fmaller and quite 
entire. Panicle lax : peduncles frequently red, efpecially at the 
axils. Calyx 5-cleft, (harp-pointed, green, covered with a re- 
finous varnifh, but not clammy. Petals obovate, quite entire, 
white, revolute, thrice the length of the calyx. Stamens 10, 
fpreading, the length of the calyx. Ambers fimple, yellow. 
Styles 2, ereft. Stigmas club-fhaped, recurved. 

This is a very defirable little Alpine plant, its foliage being 
a particularly bright green growing in hemifpherical even tufts. 
It feems particularly fuited to ornament rock-work, and in fuch 
a fituation would probably bear our ordinary winters very well, 
though it will be fafer to preferve fome pots of it under a 
frame. 

Native of Spain. Flowers in June. Introduced in 1804. 
Communicated by Meffrs, Malcolm and Sweet, of Stock- 
well-Common, 







-**<* *>■ S- GotWn/wrti J W ,. , „,_; 



C ^52 ] 

NYMPHiEA ODORATA, VCLT. /3. MINOR. LESSER 
SWEET-SCENTED WATER-LlLY. 

Clafs and Order. 

POLYANDRIA MoNOGYNIA. 

Generic Charafler. 

Cat. 4 — 5-phyllus. Petala plurima germini fuf> ftaminibus in- 
ferta. Stigma radiatum feffile, medio nectariferum. Bacta fupera, 
multilocularis, polyfperma. Smith. 

Specific Characier and Synonyms. 

NYMPH/EA odorata. Vide fupra N m - 819. 

NYMPH^EA odorata (|3. rofea) foliis cordatis integerrimis ob- 
tufis, lobis divaricatis acutis ; petiolis pedunculis foliifque 
fubtus purpureis, calycibus petalifque extus rofeis. Purjb 
Flor. Am. Sept. p. 369. 



Many of the Water-Li lies refemble one another in fo many 
points, that it requires a more intimate knowledge of them 
than can be acquired by a curfory examination, to enable one 
to find charade™ to diftinguifh them by. Mr. William 
Anderson, who has for feveral years cultivated a very ex- 
tenfive collection of thefe plants, is of opinion that our plant is 
fpecifically diftind from odorata. It is altogether fmaller than that, 
the lobes of its leaves divaricate more, and terminate in a marper 
point, which is frequently a little elongated ; the under furface, 
only faintly tinged in odorata, is of a deep purple colour, and' 
the veins, though raifed above the furface, are fo in a much lefs 
degree. That it is really the rofe-coloured variety of odorata of 
Pursh is certain, being the produd of roots brought from 

America 



America by himfelf. This excellent Botanift defcribes the 
flowers as being externally of a rofe colour ; but in our plant 
neither calyx nor petals had any fuch nain. This difference may 
however have arifen from cultivation : the deep purple of the 
under furface of the leaves, from want perhaps of fufficient air 
and intenfity of light, did not, as defcribed by Pursh, extend to 
the peduncles ; but had that been the cafe, it is eafy to conceive 
that it might have alfo reached the outer fide of the calyx, and 
even have been diffufed in a fainter tinge over the petals alfo. 

Mr. Pursh has expreffed a doubt, whether Willdenow's 
figure of odorata^ in the Hortus Berolinenfis, may not belong to 
this variety. But, as he defcribes the veins as being depreffed, 
which in both varieties of odorata are prominent, his plant may 
perhaps have been our Nitida. 

Native of North-America, in the neighbourhood of New- 
York, and may be prefumed of courfe to be perfe&ly hardy ; but 
our fpecimen was flowered under a frame with the afliftance of 
artificial heat. 







vfc%&J 



C 1653 ] 

Acacia armata. Simple-leaved prickly 

Acacia. 

t ♦ ♦ ♦ jt ♦ ♦# ■ ♦ ♦ ♦♦♦♦♦< ► 

CAt/} £#</ Order. 

POLYGAMIA MoNCECIA. 

Generic Charatler. 

Hermaph. Cal. 5-dentatus. Cor. 5-fida vel 5-petaIa. Stain, 
4 — 100. Pi/1. 1. Ligum. bivalve. 

Masc. Cal. 5-dentatus. Cor, 5-fida f. 5 -petala. Stam. 4 — 100. 

Specific Cbaracler and Synonym, 

ACACIA armata; foliis fimplicibus obliquis: margine altero 
re&iufculo altero undulato, ftipulis fpinofis capitulis glo- 
• bofis folitariis. 

ACACIA armata ,- foliis dimidiato-oblongis, glabris mucronu- 
latis uninerviis : nervo parallele approximate margini inte- 
riori fubtruncato, ftipulis fpinofis, capitulis globofis foli- 
tariis. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. v. 5. p. 468. 



Desc. Stem fhrubby : branches flexile, flriate, thinly haired. 
Leaves fcattered, feffile, fimple, quite entire, oblique, ap- 
proaching to the fhape of a bill-hook, the mid-rib running 
parallel with and near to the inner ftraightifh margin, while the 
outer margin proceeds from the bafe in a waved line to the 
point where it is recurved and (lightly mucronate. Stipules two 
ipines juft below the leaf, having a globular gland between them. 
Peduncle axillary, fomewhat longer than the leaf, folitary, bearing 
a globular head of yellow flowers, of which the greateft number 
are male. Stamens very many : filaments much longer than the 
minute corolla : anthers orbicular, yellow. When the corollas 
firft expand, the Jlyles in the hermaphrodite flowers are longer 
by half than the ftamens ? but the filaments loon (hoot above and 
conceal them. 

A hardy 



A hardy greenhoufe fhrub. Difcovered on the fouth coaft 
of New-Holland, by Robert Brown, Efq. Introduced in 
1803. Flowers from April to June. Propagated by cuttings. 
Our drawing was taken from a plant communicated by Meffrs. 
Loddiges and Sons, in 1811. We were favoured with 
fpecimens of the fame in May laft, from Meffrs. Lee and 
Kennedy. 







' fdwonir /><•/ 



^,«.y/.v/ 



JC ' i/b/frftm i 



C 1654 ] 

Camellia japonica (var. (.) anemoniflora. 

Anemone-flowered, or Warrata'h 

Camellia. 

Clafs and Order, 

MONADEI.PHIA POLYANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 
Cat. imbricatus, polyphyllus : foliolis interioribus majoribus. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

CAMELLIA japonica ; foliis acute ferratis acuminatis. Willd. 

Sp. PL 3. p. 842. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 4. p. 235. 
(£.) anemoniflora ; fetalis interioribus curtis linguiformibus lateri- 

bus rejiexis. 



A number of varieties of this very beautiful tree have been 
within thefe few years imported from China ; no fewer than 
eleven are enumerated by Mr. Aiton, in the Hortus Kewenfis, 
viz. 1. The fingle red (vide N m - 42). 2. Semidouble red. 
3. Double red. 4. Middlemift's red. 5. Myrtle-leaved red. 
6. Anemone -flowered, or Warrata'h. 7. Pseony- flowered. 
8. Double-ftriped. 9. Blufh. 10. Buff. 11. Double white. 
To which lift, fome others may already be added, efpecially 
12. Snowdrop-flowered : faid to be white with the internal petals 
fhort and edged with green. 

Of all thefe varieties, the double white or Bourbon Ca- 
mellia is, in our opinion, by far the moft beautiful. Nothing 
can exceed in elegance a large tree of this kind, covered with 
beautiful fnow-white double blofToms, embofomed amidft the 
bright green fhining foliage ; fuch as we remember to have feen 
with delight two years ago at the Northampton Nurfery, Balls- 
Pond. 

Our prefent variety, the Anemone-flowered, is at once 
amongft the moft beautiful, Angular, and rare, Being of late 

introduction, 



introduction, we do not know of its having flowered any where 
till the laft fpring. Our drawing was taken at Mr. Griffin's, 
South- Lambeth, in March, and we heard of it in fome other 
collections about the fame time. In the more common double 
varieties, the multiplication confifts of petals of nearly the fame 
fize or only gradually diminifhing towards the centre, where 
they become too crowded to find room fully to expand ; but in 
this the' outer petals remain of their full fize, not increafed in 
number, and the centre appears by the correfponding length, to 
be compofed of the filaments converted into fhort and imperfeft. 
petals with their fides folded outwards. 

All the varieties may be propagated by budding on the more 
common kinds. 

The fingle Camellia, which at the time of the publication 
of our figure, in 1788, was generally treated as a flove plant, is 
now found to be hardy enough to bear being expofed, during 
the winter, to the open air ; although, on account of its early 
feafon of flowering, before our winters are over, it cannot be 
feen to perfection without fhelter. 



M&f. 




iAi~A >,r, g 



C ^55 ] 

TjPISTRA SOUALIDA. AMBOYNA TuPISTRA. 

• Gfo/> #«i Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia, 

Generic Characler. 

Infior. fcapofa, fpicata, fimplex, bradeata. Cal o. Cor. infera 
fexfida, imbricato-connivens, patentiflima, aequalis, rigida. Stam. 
dimidio breviora; fil tota prater pundum antheriferum corolla? 
adnata; anth. biloculares, introverfse, ovatae, (in exemplario quod 
habemus parva> atque cafie). Fiji, longitudine dupla ftaminum 
columnare; germ, depreflum, fubrotundum, folidum ; y?_y/^hujus 
ifoperimetrus, 3-plo akior, continuus, tereti-trifulcus, tubulatus 
fhgmate hians trilobo-labrofo, corrugate Fhtffus Bacca ? G. * 

Obs. Bulbus tunicatus, membranis teclus, rhizomatis cylindrid de 
fcendentis terminatrix ; folia Jauca (2—3?), latius lorata, convoluto- 
complexa, lamma lanceolato-oblonga, plana, nervofa, medio cojlata : fcapus 
bis ultrave brevior, centralis, teres, durus, inclinatus ; fpica' ' obhnga' 
eyhndrica, conferta, divaricata ; brafteje and*, fioris fekiiis ifometr/- 
cor. horizontals, bilabiato- campanulata, brevis, fubrotato-explicanda? 
lacinus medtetate ferme tenus concretis, ovatis, dorjo convexis, labii fuperioris 
planius extenfis, mferioris concavius centralis. Flores in [pica inferiors 
numero partium addunt. Utrum ejl pranotalus in antheris defcclus Jlirpis 
fcmimna: indicium, an fpeciminis individui vitium fortuitum ? Anne ad 
Saxsev lER AM per ejufdem feffilifloram (Vide fupra l\o. -39) accedit ? 
Anne congener Orontii japonici male cum aquatico, generis jui prototypo, 
ujjoaati? G. '~* 

Specific Name. 
TUPISTRA fqualida. G. 



The prcfent very curious and, as far as we can trace, unre- 
corded vegetable was introduced into this country fome years 
back from the Ifland of Amboyna, by Meflrs. Loddiges of 
Hackney, and has been ever fmce prelerved in their Hove 
where it flowered for the firft time in April laft. The flowers 

were 



were of a pale dingy purplifh colour, fcentlefs j^when expanded, 
fomething more than the third of an inch in diameter j the 
bra£les, as far as we could make out, were fometimes two- 
valved, one valve large and ovate, fitted to the lower part of 
the flower, the other minute, placed on one fide ; others 
appeared to have only one valve. Our plant has a ftrong 
general refemblance to Oront ixs m japonicum (fee No. 898 of 
this work) ; but as we never had an opportunity of infpecling a 
flower of that vegetable, we muft leave it to thofe who have 
had, to decide the mutual relations of the two. Orontium 
aquaticum, on which the genus was founded by Linnaeus, has 
evidently no generic affinity \i\\h japonicum. Mr. R. Brown had 
fuggefted the idea of our plant's being a female. We miffed the 
opportunity of feeing any part of the fpecimen except the in- 
florescence, and that in a very fhattered impeffe£t ftate. So 
that we refer, without attempting any further defcription 3 to the 
adjoining plate for the reft. G. 




-*..„' PuA /,. cT tTttrftr W„lv e *fy„ t '■ . 



C 1656 ] 

Albuca viridiflora. Grass-green 
Albuca. 

$# f# $#$$• ♦ ?♦♦**'*♦*♦ *• 

Generic Character. — Vide No. 1046. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

ALBUCA viridiflora; (cor. biformis, cernua ; ft am. alterna jlerilia ;) 
bulbo oblato-rotundo, ex laminis crafliflimis tuberoideo- 
confolidato; foliis pluribus (7 — 9?), flaccidis, anguftis, 
lineari-attenuatis, convoluto-canaliculatis, extus ftriatis vil- 
lofis, intus glabris, (fub lente) totis papulis albidis minutif- 
fimis priunatis, fcapo inferne villofo parura brevioribus ; 
racemo pluri- (5 — 10) floro, diftante, patente; pedunculis 
flore atque braflea duplo longioribus ; corolla pendula, 
laciniis exterioribus ftellatis, quarta parte circa lon- 
gioribus, oblongis acumine obtufato ; interioribus parum 
anguftioribus, ereclo-conniventibus, genitalia concludenti- 
bus, concavis, appendiculo tranfverfe fubreniformi, callofo, 
fornicato-infra&o, pubefcente praefixis; filamentis lineari- 
attenuatis, carinato-canaliculatis, fubaequalibus, apice ad- 
uncis, alterne caftratis ; antheris ereftis, a dorfo fufpenfis; 
germine oblongo, prifmatico, trifulco, glabro ; ftylo parum 
breviore, erefto, craffo, obpyramidato, trifulco-triquetro, 
glandulofo-villofo, bafi conftricto; ftigmate conoideo, parum 
prominulo, hirfuto, intra fummos ftyli angulos feffili; capfula 
ovata, triquetra, obtufa ; feminibus fubrotundis, varie 
compreffis. G. 

ALBUCA viridiflora. Jacq. Ic. Rar. 2. tab. 446. Coll. Suppl. 
98. Willd. Sp. PL 2. 100. Hort. Kew. ed. 2. 2. 250. 



The thick lamina? which form the Bulb are fo compaft as to 
give it the appearance of being folid, with fomewhat of the 
look of a turnip-radifh ; leaves a foot or .more long, about two 
lines broad near the bafe ; flem round, about the thicknefs of a 
common pen, rather higher than the leaves ; peduncles about two 

inches 



inches long ; brakes fphacelate, brown, tapered ; flowers fcent- 
lefs, about an inch in length, of a deep green colour, having a 
mixture of yellow in the inner fegments ; anthers pale. 

The plant from which our drawing was made had been 
imported by Mr. Griffin, in whofe collection at South- 
Lambeth it flowered in April laft Native of the Cape of Good 
Hope. Introduced into the Kew Gardens, by Mr. Masson, 
in 1794. G. 



ERRATUM. 



No. 1613, verj.fd. U 3, pro « triquetro-fubulata," lege « triquetro, 
fubulato,'* 



.'!f 7 . ' 




Pt+6. $y t/f fi<r&r Wa/werfii- Ju/y / /<f/f JCSa/ybm t/'f 



. C ^57 ] 

LACHNiEA BUXIFOLIA (#.) VIRENS. GREEN 
BOX-LEAVED LACHN^A, 

OdANDRTA MONOGYNIA. 

Generic Characler. 
Cal o. Cor. 4-fida : limbo inasquali. Nux fubdrupacea. 

Specific Chamber and Synonyms. 

LACHN^EA buxifoUa ; foliis fparfis elliptico-ovatis, capitulia 

lanatis. 
(a.) virens ; foliis viridibus, fquamulis faucis difcrctis inconfpicuis^ 

fitgmale fubindufo. 
LACHNjEA buxifoUa; foliis ovalibus feffilibus glaberrimis, 

floribus capitatis tomcntofo-lanatis. Lam. Encyc. 373. Wujl. 

t. 2g2.f 1. 
GNIDIA filamcniofa; foliis elliptice ovatis glaberrimis approxi- 

matis, floribus capitatis, filamentis capillaribus. Linn. SuppL 

224. Willd. Sp. PL 2. p. 425. Tbunb. Prod. 76. 



Desc. Stem fhrubby ; lower part naked, marked with the 
veftiges of the leaves : branches long, flexible, bearing ufually one 
head of flowers at the extremity. Leaves feflile, elliptical, quite 
entire, obfoletely nerved underneath, fmooth, green, crowded 
together, eipecially about the end of the branch, where they 
ferve for an involucrum. Head of flowers hemifpherical, Corolla 
tubular ; tube long, hairy, fwelled at the bafe, contracted up- 
wards : limb 4-cleft : three of the lacinide approximated, one rather 
larger and diflant from the reft, clothed with filky hairs on the 
outhde, and longer ones within. Stamens 8, the alternate fila- 
ments longer and more patent, inferted into the uppert part of 
the tube : anthers yellow. Scales or glandular netlaries white, 
fcarcely vifible. Germen fuperior, oblong : Jlyle the length of 
the tube, inferted into the apex of the germen : Jligma globular, 
hifpid, fcarcely exferted. 

This 



This plant has been miftakenly called in the nurferies Gnidia 
capitata. 

Native of the Cape of Good Hope. Flowers in the fpring. 
Requires to be kept in an airy light greenhoufe. Propagated 
by feeds, difficultly by cuttings or layers. Communicated by 
Mr. Knight, of the Exotic Nurfery, King's-Road. 

Introduced about 1800, by George Hibbert, Efq. 



A?/&# 




■iA'ir^>' Ps/- 



Pi*S. 3y t/ 7 &rfc Uiiifwoftii JuArr. r_<s* 



y^~* Uirn/^ 



C >6 5 8 ] 

LACHNiEA BUXIFOLIA (£.) GLAUCA. GLAU- 
COUS BOX-LEAVED LaCHN^IA, 

4M* %■-%■ i$ $$$♦♦♦♦ ■ $$ * -*-W- 

C/^/5 aw^ Order. 

OCTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Generic Characler. — Vide N m: 1657. 

Specific Qiaratler and Synonyms. 

LACHNjEA buxifolia ; foliis fparfis elliptico-ovatis, capitulis 

lanatis. 
(a.) vide N m - 1657. 
((3.) glauca; foliis glaucis, fquamulis faucis 4, geminatis, luteis^ftigmaie 

exferto. 
LACHNjEA glauca. Salijb. Parad. Land. 109. Hort. Kew.ed. 

alt. v. 2. p. 415. 
LACHNyEA buxifolia. Bot. Repof. 524. 
GNIDIA grandis. Hortulanis. 



This variety differs from the preceding, in its leaves being 
glaucous, the head of flowers more globular, the fiigma exferted 
far beyond the tube of the corolla, and efpecially in having four 
united pairs of yellow very confpicuous glandular nectaries above 
the faux, which are hardly vifible in the preceding plant. It is 
known among the Nurferymen by the name of Gn idia grandis y 
from which genus Lachn *a differs only in the inequality of the 
laciniae of the corolla. 

This is a very defirable fhrub, remaining long in bloffom, 
and is fometimes, but not always, very fweet-fcented. Native 
of the Cape of Good Hope. Requires to be kept in a light 
airy part of the greenhoufe ; is impatient of continued heavy 
waterings ; and flowers beft when kept in a fmall pot. Propa- 
gated by feeds, but very difficultly by cuttings. 

Introduced 



Introduced by George Hibbert, Efq. about the year 1800, 
being firft obferved at the Cape by his colle&or Mr. James 
Nevin. Our drawing was taken fome years fince from a plant 
communicated by Mr. Knight, of the Exotic Nurfery. We 
received the fame laft April, from Mr. Barr, of the Northamp- 
ton Nurfery, Ball's-Pond, 



C l6 59 ] 

Acacia melanoxylon. Black-wooded 

Acacia. 

C/3/} j»</ Order. 

POLYGAMIA MONCECIA. 

Generic Character. 

Hermaph. Cal 5-dentatus. Cor. 5 -nda vel 5 -petala. J/«w. 
4 — 100. Pijt, i. Legumen bivalve. 

Masc. Gz/. 5 -dentatus. Cor 5 -fida f. 5-petala. $/«». 4— 10 o. 

Specific Character. 

ACACIA melanoxylon; foliis lanceolato-oblongis fubfalcatis, 
capitul.s fubracemofis, ramulis ultimis pedunculifque an- 
gulatis furfure tenuiffimo teBis, funiculo umbilicali colo- 
rato phcato femen fubcingente. Brown MJf. etinHort Kew 
ed. alt, v. 5. p. 462. 



This fpecies in its native country, Van Diemen's Ifland, 
grows into a confiderable tree; the one from which our 
drawing was made reached to feveral feet in height before it 
ftewed any bloffoms. The bark of the extreme branches is 
covered with a fine ferrugineous pubefcence ; that of the larger 
is rough, and of a dark brown colour, approaching to black. 
When cut through, the wood of the latter is compad and white; 
but, from its name, we fuppofe that the wood itfelf in older 
trees, or perhaps of the trunk only, is of a black colour. 

Raifed from feeds received from New-Holland, by John 
Walker, Efq. of Arno's-Grove, Southgate, under the name 
ot Ulack-wooDj about fix years ago. 







JfWV«M*# ' /■■ 



. "'- 1m hmt/l 



Jp/tffO. \ 







[ 1660 ] 

Veronica labiata. Labiated 
Speedwell. 

Clafs and Order. 

DlANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Generic Characler. 

Cal. 4-partitus, raro 5-partitus. Cor. fubrotata. Tubus calyce 
brevior. Capfula valvis medio feptiferis v. bipartibilis. Brown. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

VERONICA labiata : racemis axillaribus longiffimis, foliis 
elongato-lanceolatis acuminatis inaequaliter ferratis. Brown 
Prod. Nov. Holl. p. 434. 

VERONICA Derzventia ; foliis lanceolatis, oppofitis, alternis, 
dentatis : floribus fpicatis axillaribus : corollis parvis, pal- 
lide violaceis, fragrantiflimis. Uttlejohn in Bot. Repof. 531. 



Desc. Root perennial. Stems fimple, erect, fmooth, rounded, 
herbaceous. Leaves croflwife-oppofite, feflile, lanceolate, con- 
cave, fawed with unequal flefhy pointed teeth Calyx fmooth, 
4-cleft : fegments acute, nearly equal, erecL Corolla one petal : 
tube very fhort : faux hairy : limb 4-cleft : lacini<e fomewhat un- 
equal, bilabiately arranged : upper one upright, emarginate, 
larger than the other three which form the lower lip. Colour 
of the corolla pale blue. Stamens 2 : filaments the length of the 
corolla inferted into the tube. Anthers heart-fhaped, deep blue : 
pollen white. Germen oval, emarginate : Style purple : Stigma 
fimple. 

We did not remark the fragrance of the flowers recorded in 
the Botanift's Repofitory. 

It is confidered as a greenhoufe plant ; but, being a native of 
Van Diemen's Ifland and of the South Coaft of New-Holland, 
is probably fufficiently hardy to bear our ordinary winters without 
protection. Propagated by parting its roots. Flowers moft 
part of the fummer. 



Ua B.r*. i>j23 [ 1661 ] 

Stapelia campanulata. Bell-shaped 
Stapelia. 

Clafs and Order, 

PENTANDRIA DlGYNIA. 

Generic Characler. 
Afclepiadea. Netlarium duplici fiellula tegente genitalia. 

Specific Cbaratler and Synonyms. 

STAPELIA campanulata; rami's plurimis fimplicibus ercQis 
tetragonis dentatis : dentibus patentibus acutis, corolla 
decemfida campanulata fcabra, tubo baibato. Maflbn StaV 
p. 11. n. 6.t.6. v F ' 

STAPELIA campanulata,- corollis decemdentatis : laciniis 
majonbus lanceolatis ; fundo campanulas, pedunculis tri- 
iions, ramis erea.s tetragonis bafi floriferis. IVilld. Sp. PL u 
p. 1293. Hort. Kezv. ed. alt. 2. p. 95. 

HUERN1A. Brown Ajciep. in Mem. Wtrn. Soc. up. 22. 



Our figure will be obferved to differ in forae refpeas from 
that or Maoson, and has been fuppofed to be a dittina fpecies ; 
but we can fee no good reafon for fuch a conclufion. In 
Masson s figure, the colour of the fpots is feen on the outfide 
of the corolla, but we have obferved the fame difference in 
fome other fpecies, which may probablv be owing to our plants 
being blown under glafs, and confequently expoled to a letter 
degree of light, as well as of air, which letfens the intenfitv of 
colour 111 molt flowers. 

The branches are generally four-angled, rarely five-anoled; 
and the tube of the corolla is filled with a club-fhaped 
pubelcence, as defcribed by Masson. 

Our drawing was taken from a plant that flowered at 
Mr. Veres, in Auguft 1813. We received the lame from 
Mellrs. Loddiges fome years ago. 







jPvb. fyrt ibrfc WbiretM «A{f * ' "J 



[ i662 ] 

Stapelia reticulata. Netted-flowered 

Stapelia. 

♦ ♦ » » $ + it++mrt&+it 

Oafs and Order. 
Pentandria Digynia. 
Generic Character. 
Afclepiadea. Neclarium duplici ftellula tegcnte genitalia, 
Specific Characler and Synonyms. 
STAPELIA reticulata; ramis pentagonis denticulatis : dentibus 
patentibus, corolla decemangulata, tubo intus barbato 
ampliato in orbiculum elevatum. MaJjonStap. p. 9. n. 2. /. 2. 
STAPELIA reticulata; corolla decemdentata : laciniis majori- 
bus ovatis acutjs, fundo barbato orbiculo elevato cincto, 
pedunculis binis corolla brevioribus ramis pentagonis patulis 
bafi floriferis. IVilld. Sp. PI. 1. p. 1 295. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 
2. p. 96. 
HUERNIA. Brown Afclep, in Mem. Wern.Soc. 1. p. 22. 

The elevated ring which furrounds the mouth of tbe tube in 
this fpecies is not fo well exprefled in our drawing as it ought tq 
have been. The light parts of the flower in xMasson's figure 
are much whiter, and run in crofs lines more like the mefties 
of a net. Yet from the remarkable five-angled fharp-toothed 
branches, clouded with purplim fpots, we have no doubt of the 
identity of the fpecies. It we miftake not, we were informed that 
Mr. Woodford received his plant from Masson himfelf, 
under the name of reticulata. 

This fpecies and the preceding, as well as kntiginofa, No. 506, 
belong to the fame divifion, in which the parts of fructification 
lie at the bottom of the tube, and are feparated into a diltincl 
genus, by Mr. Brown, \n his elaborate and ingenious EfTay on 
the Natural Order of Afclepiadeae, publifhed in the Memoirs of 
the Wernerian Society. To this he has applied the name of 
Huernia, " in memory of Justus Heurnius, one of the 
carheft colle&ors of Cape plants, and from whofe drawings the 
nrfl account of Stapelia was taken." 

Grows naturally in the hollows of rocks, near North Olifant's 
River. Our drawing was taken feveral vears ago, from Mr. 
Woodford's collection, late at Vauxhall, in the month of 
Auguft. 



flfydfc 




C 1663 ] 

Mesembryanthemum inclaudens. 
Never-closing Fig Marigold. 

C/j/5- awi Order. 

ICOSANDRIA PeNTAGYNIA. 

Generic Chamber. 

Cat. 5-fidus. Petala numerofa, linearia, bafi cohserentia. Cap/, 
carnofa, infera, polyfperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms, 

MESEMBRYANTHEMUM inclaudens • foliis dolabriformib us 
acie crenulata, corollis femper apertis : petalis interioribus 
teretibus abbreviatis. 

MESEMBRYANTHEMUM inclaudens; foliis triquetris fub- 
deltoidibus laevibus perviridibus, carina gibbofa, corollis 
inclaudentibus, petalis interioribus valde abbreviatis im- 
bricatifquc. Hawor/b Syn. Succul. p. 295. Idem in Bot. 
Repof. 388. 



This is one of the mod defirable fpecies of this numer- 
ous genus, both on account of the brilliancy of its flowers 
and 'becaufe they remain fully expanded, night and day. 
Flowering branches when cut off will continue unchanged for 
days together ; fo that they may be worn in the hair or bofom, 
without danger of drooping from the heat of the ball-room; 
but they are without fcent. There are feveral other fpecies which 
have their bloffoms always expanded, all of which, Mr. 
Haworth remarks, are well adapted to the above purpofe ; 
and if fragrance be an objea, the addition of fome of the 

night-flowering fpecies will fupply that alfo. 

The 



The rednefs of the leaves and branches depends much upon 
the plant's being expofed to fun and air, though the apex of 
the leaves and part of the Hems in the neighbourhood of the 
joints, under all circumftances, fhew a greater or lefs tinge of 
this colour. 

Native of the Cape of Good Hope. Flowers in June, July, 
and Auguft. Introduced about the year 1802. Requires to 
be protected from froft and from damps. Communicated by 
the Hon. William Herbert. 



- 1 >-r> 




<n&2>c/. 



C 1G64 ] 

Saxifraga virginiensis. Virginian- 
Saxifrage. 

♦ » $ ♦ » »»% » frfr ^ ^HMmMHe 

Decandria Digynia. 

Generic Charatler. 

Cal. 5-partitus. Gr. 5-petala. Cap/, biroftris, l-locularis, po 
lyfperma. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

SAXIFRAGA virginienfis^ (tota minutim pubens) foliis fpa- 
thulatis undulatim crenulatis, caule fubaphyllo dichotomo, 
floribus congeftis, capfulis alternis feffilibus. 

SAXIFRAGA virginienfis ; tota minutim pubefcens, foliis 
ovalibus obtufis crenatis in petiolum decurrentibus, caule 
fubaphyllo paniculato, ramulis dichotomis, floribus fub- 
feflilibus. Purjh Fl. Amer. Sept. 310. 

SAXIFRAGA virginienfis ; tota minutim pubens ; foliis ovali- 
bus, obtufis, quafi petiolatis, crenatis : caule fubaphyllo, 
paniculato, ramulis fubfefliliter alternifloris : calycibus 
ereclis. Mkhaux Fl. Am. Bor. 1 . 269. Per/oon Syn. 1 . p. 488. 
n. 19. 

SANICULA virginienfis alba folio oblongo mucronato. Pluk, 
Pbyt. 222. f. 5. ad penfylvanicam male relatam. 

SAXIFRAGA foliis cordato-ovalibus crenatis, corolla alba, 
caule hirfmo aphyllo. Fl. Virg. 1.160. Clayton n. 525. 
Synonymon ad nivakm a Linnaso relatum. 

SAXIFRAGA pilofa. Batik/. Herb, et Hawortb Mi/c. Nat. 



Saxifraga virginienfis and nivalis appear to us to be very 
nearly allied, but the flowers and more efpecially the feed- 
veffels of the latter are larger, and the panicle 3efs diffufe. The 
flowers in virginienfis do indeed grow in clutters ; but, as the 

feed-veflels 



feed-veffels form, the panicle expands, and the capfules are 
diftinft and placed alternately along the branches : there are 
good fpecimens of the plant in both ftates, fent by Bartram 
to Peter Collin son, in the Bankfian Herbarium, and de- 
ferred by Solan der, under the name of plofa, with a query 
whether it may not be a variety of penfyhamca. The origin of 
this doubt appears to have been the figure in Plukenet, re- 
ferred by Linnaus to the latter plant, but which certainly 
belongs to this, and is fo quoted by Michaux and Pursh. 

We have examined the fpecimen in Clayton's own Her- 
barium, now in the poflefiion of Sir Joseph Banks, and find 
it to be certainly the lame as our plant in its fully expanded 
Hate; indeed it is quoted by Solander as a fynonyin of his 
pihfa. As this fpecimen is the only authority for nivalis being 
a native of the United States, that fpecies mould at pre fent be 
excluded from the American catalogue. 

The very different appearance of Saxifraga virgim'enj/s, 
when it firft comes into flower and after the capfules are formed, 
feems to have led to the confuiion j in the former ftate, it very 
much refembles nivalis, as may be fecn by comparing our figure 
with that of nivalis in the Flora Danjca. 

W T e obferve, that the leaves vary confiderably in different 
fpecimens, in fize, crenature, and length of the petiole ; which 
latter aie however feldom as long as in our fpecimen, which was 
probably drawn by being flowered under glafs. 

A hardy alpine perennial ; native of Penfylvania, Carolina, 
and Virginia ; propagated by feeds or parting the roots. 

Communicated by Mr. Sweet, from the Stockwell- Common 
Nurlcry. 



%?/Olfir. 




W 



L 1665 ] 

Gladiolus blandus. (S.) Painted 
Corn-flag. 

♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ 

Generic Characler. — Videfupra No. 1564. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

GLADIOLUS blandus. Vide N h - 625, 645, ct 648 s adjc&is 

fynonymis fequentibus. 
GLADIOLUS blandus. Hurt. Kew. ed. 2. 1. 100. VablEnum* 

2. 103. Nobis fupra No. 992, in Spec. Synth. 
GLADIOLUS albidus. Vahl Emm. 2. 84. 
GLADIOLUS carneus. Lil. a Redoutf, tab. 65. 
GLADIOLUS campanulatus. Bol. Rep. t. 188. 
GLADIOLUS trimaculatus. Vahl Emim. 2. 85. 
GLADIOLUS inflatus. Vahl Enum. 2. 87 ? 



The talleft of all the varieties of this fine fpecies, being 
fometimes more than three feet high. We refer to No. 625, 
for defcription and remainder of the fynonymy. The fpecimen 
from which our drawing was made had been received from 
Holland, by the Hon. William Herbert. We have 
formerly feen others, received from the fame quarter. (7, 



j-vm. 




lA-d^iVMnA-BtS. 



[ i666 ] 

DlPHYLLEIA CYMOSA. CYME-FLOWERED 
DlPHYLLEIA. 

Oafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monocynia. 

Generic Charafler. 

Cat. 3-phyllus ; foliolis ovalibus, concavis, deriduis. Cor. 
petala fex, calyce majora, patula, ovalia, concava, decidua. 
Stam. petalis dimidio breviora, bypogyna : filam. brevia, plana : 
antb. oblongs; loculis membrana a bafi ad apicem junclis, 
eadem foluta dehifcentibus. Fiji, ovarium ovatum : Jlylus vix 
ullus : fiigma capitatum. Bacca fubglobofa, uniloculars, feflilis; 
j em% 2 — 3? fubrotunda. Herba Podophylli peltati \ foliis tamen 
alternis et remote a morgue peltatis, Pedunculus terminate, cyma 
fimplici. Bores candidi. Bacc<e atro-carule* Jemimbus pitrpureis* 
Michaux Flor. Bor.-Amer* i. 203. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

DlPHYLLEIA cymoja. Mich. Flor. Bor.-Amen 1. 203. lab. 19, 
20. Purfb Ft. Amer. Sept. 1. 218. 



Root creeping, jointed, knotted; herb tmoolh; leaves two, 
fubpalmate, angularly lobed, ferrate; lobes acuminate. Found 
near rivulets on the high mountains of Carolina and Virginia. 
Introduced a year or two ago, by Mr. Lyons. Hardy. Our 
drawing was made from a living fpecimen communicated by 
Mr. William Kent, from bis colkaion at Clapton, in the 
beginning of May laft. We have trufted to Michaux and 
Pursh for what little we have faid by way of defcription, having 
miffed the opportunity of examining the living plant. G. 



Jill 




J>uiiy <T furXr WoSwrti i/y / t ;/f 



C 1667 ] 

Troximon glaucum. Glaucous-leaved 
Troximon. 

HfHgt $4 #£ -JhMNH* <H|hM» ♦♦ -#- 

Syngenesia Polygamia ./Equalis. 

Generic Character. 

Receptaculum nudum, puncliculatum. Pappus pilofus, feffilis. 
Col. oblongus, conicus, fimplex, aut fquamis inaequalibus im- 
bricatus. 

Specific Chara&er and Synonym. 

TROXIMON glaucum; fcapo unifloro, calycinis foliolis im- 
bricatis cufpidatis, foliis linearibus integerrimis utrinquc 
glaucis. Purjh Fl. Amer. Sept. 2. p. 505. 



In our cultivated plant the receptacle was flat, rather honey- 
combed than punfticulate ; calyx in two feries, outer feries 
icarcely half the length of the inner, diftant, dark brown, conical, 
acute : inner feries linear -lanceolate, erecl, equal, green. 
Germen linear-oblong. Pappus feflile, hairy. Leaves glaucous ; 
nerves and veins whitifh, fheathing at the bottom. 

The glaucous, flcfhy foliage, uncommon in this clafs, and 
brilliant, though light, yellow flowers, contrafted with the long 
orange-coloured anthers, gives this plant rather a ftriking afped. 
A hardy perennial. Native of the Banks of the Miffouri, North- 
America. Introduced by Thomas Nuttal, Efq. Communi- 
cated by Meffrs. Fraser, from their American Nurfery, Sloane- 
Square. Flowers in May and June. 




A/,u 



Pu&. lyr, 



•rM fTspt fj/+ 



[ i668 ] 

Habenaria ciliaris. Yellow-fringed 
Habenaria. 

tfrf $$♦♦♦♦♦♦ jhM»ff»fr 

Clafs and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

Generic Characler. 

Cor. ringens. Lahellum bafi fubtus calcaratum. GlanduU 
pollinis nudae diftin&ae (loculis pedicellorum adnatis vel folutis 
diftin&is). Brown in Hort. Kew. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

HABENARIA ciliaris; cornu filiformi germini longiore, la- 

bello lanceolato pennatim-fimbriato, petalis interioribus 

dentato-incifis. Brown MJf. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 5. p. 1 94. 
ORCHIS ciliaris j labello oblongo-lanceolato pennatim-ciliato 

petalis duplo longiore, cornu germine longiore. Willd. Sp. 

PL 4. p. 8. Purjh Flor.Amer. Sept. 585. 
ORCHIS ciliaris; bulbis indivifis, neftarii labio lanceolato, 

cornu longiffimo. Acl. Up/. 1741. p. 6. Cron. Virg. 136. 

Sp. PI. 1331. Bot. Repof. 42. 
ORCHIS ciliaris; fcapo foliofo, fpica fubovata multiflora, 

ovario fuperne in fetam braftea longiore attenuato, cornu 

fubunciali, labello fublanceolato pennatim lacero. Micbaux 

Amer. 2. p. 156. 
ORCHIS palmata elegans lutea virginiana, cum longis cal- 

caribus luteis. Mori/. Hift. 3. p. 499- 
ORCHIS marilandica grandiset procera, floribus luteis, calcari 

longiffimo; labello fimbriate Raj. Sup. 588. 
ORCHIS (|3.) tefticulata floribus niveis fpeciofis fpicatis labello 

pulcherrime fimbriato plumam referente. Clayt. n. 560. 



Desc. Scape leafy, ftriate, erett. Leaves lanceolate, acu- 
minate, gradually diminifliing till tbey become linear-lanceolate 

bracles, 



Iraffes, fcarcely exceeding half the length of the gerrnen. 
Corolla (or perianthium) ringent ; three external petals fubequal, 
ovate : one fuperior, concave, helmet-fhaped : two lateral, flat, 
dependent : three internal unequal : two erect, linear, ciliated at 
the apex, one (the labellum, lip, or nefiary) oblong, finely cut on 
the margin into a wide fringe, elongated backward into a flender, 
cylindrical fpur, equal to or rather longer than the germen. 
Lobes of the anther diHinS., opening longitudinally : pollen majjes 
Handing erecl on long pedicles when they efcape from the anther. 
Germen very long, filiform, and much twilled : Jligma obtufe, 
gelatinous. 

The colour of every part of the flower, including the germen, 
is uniformly an iron-yellow. It is fometimes however, though 
rarely, found with white flowers. 

In the above defcription, the relative fituation of the parts is 
confidered, as the flower appears when fully expanded, without 
regard to the contortion of the germen. In other refpects, it 
is accommodated to the ideas of Mr. Brown. {Vide Prod. FL 
Nov. Holl. p. 309. 

A hardy perennial. Communicated by Mr. Woodford, 
late of Belfont-Houfe, Vauxhall. Native of North-America, 
from Canada to Carolina, growing in meadows and drained 
fwamps. Cultivated before 1796, by R, A. Salisbury, Efq. 



Jfrffy 




l irrt.fiw iY i fr- 



C i6S 9 ] 

Epidendrum fragrans. Sweet-scented 
Epidendrum. 

Gynandria Monandria, 

Generic Charatler. 

Columna cum ungue labelli longitudinaliter connata in tubum 
(quandoque decurrentem in ovarium). Majfa pollinis 4, parallels, 
feptis completis perfiftentibus diftinftee, ban" filo granulato elaftico 
auftae. Brown. 

Specific QjaraRer and Synonyms. 

EPIDENDRUM fragrans ; folio lanceolato bulbo innato, 
fcapo abbreviato multifloro, lamina labelli cordata acumi- 
nata. Brown in Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 5. p. 218. 

EPIDENDRUM fragrans. IVilld. Sp. PL 4. p. 119. Bot. 
Repof. 645. Nobis fupra No. 572. pag. aver/a. Swartz 
Prod. 123. 

EPIDENDRUM cochleaium. Supra No. 1 52 : icon errore foliis 
binis pi6la ideoque delenda. 



At the time the former figure of this plant (vid. No. 151) 
was publ ilhed, Mr. Curtis, not having feen the flower of 
Epidendrum cochleaium, miftook this for it. Whether this 
fpecimen, contrary to its ufual mode, really put forth two 
leaves, or that in confequence of his preconceived opinion, 
Mr. Curtis fuppofed this to have been by fome accident 
defective, and accordingly gave directions that the drawing 
fhould be made with two leaves, cannot now be afcertaincd. 
However this may be, as the EpiDENDRUMyragrawi", which has 
often flowered in feveral collections about town, has not been 

obferved 



obferved ever to deviate from its character of having one leaf 
only, we are defirous that the former figure mould be deftroyed ; 
and we now give a genuine reprefentation of the plant, with its 
proper characters. The error reipe&ing the name has been 
before rectified at No. 572 of this work. 

Native of Jamaica. Requires to be conftantly kept in the 
baik-ftove. Flowers in September and O&ober. 

Our drawing was taken thirteen years ago, at Mr. Wo odfor d's, 
at Vauxhall. 






[ i^7° ] 

Camellia Japonica (var. e.) myrtifolia. 

Myrtle-leaved red Camellia. 

»»»» »♦»»♦♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦ • 

Oafs and Order. 

MONADELPHIA PoLYANDRIA. 

Generic and Specific Characters with Synonyms.— Vide Jupra No. 1664. 



For this very rare and beautiful variety of Camellia we arc 
indebted to Meffrs. Chandler and Buckingham, Nurfery- 
men at Vauxhall. 

The leaves, though the fmalleft of any of the varieties which 
we have feen, are rather too large to warrant the name of 
myrtifolia. The flower is round and compaft, with the inner 
petals gradually diminifhing in fize ; approaching, except in 
colour, to the Bourbon or double white variety. 

Requires the lame treatment as the other varieties, and is 
readily propagated by inarching on flocks of the more com- 
mon lorts, or by cuttings. 



[ 1671 ] 

Rhododendron catawbiense. Catawba 

Rhododendron. 

C7i7/} «#</ Or^Ifr. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. 

Cat. 5-partitus. Cor. fubinfundibuliformis, inaequalis. Slam, 
declinata. Cap/. 5-locularis. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

RHODODENDRON catawbienfe ; foliis brevi-ovalibus utrin- 
que rotundato-obtufis glabris fubtus difcoloribus, umbellis 
terminalibus, laciniis calycis elongato-oblongis, corollis 
campanulatis. Purjh Fl. Amer. Sept. 1. p. 298. Michaux 
Flor. Amer.-Bor, 1. p. 258. Ait. Epit. Hort. Kew. addenda. 

The flowers of this fpecies having been reprefented as being 
fcarlet, excited a confiderable intereft amongft our collectors ; 
they turn out however to be of a rofe-colour, and being only 
obfcurely dotted on the upper petal, though larger, are hardly 
more fhewy than thofe of Rhododendron maximum. Our 
drawing was made at the Hammerfmith Nurfery, Meflrs. Lee 
and Kennedy, June 1813. In a fpecimen which flowered 
at Meflrs. Malcolm and Sweet's lalt fpring, it was 
remarked that the petals were of a much more intenfe colour 
externally than within, and that confequently the flowers were 
more fhewy when but few of them were fully expanded. 

Native of the high mountains of Virginia and Carolina, parti- 
cularly near the fource of the Catawba River, where it was found 
in 1808, by Mr. John Fraser and his late father, and by 
them introduced in 1809. 

It forms a low fpreading bufh, feldom afcending more than 
three feet. The capfule is fmooth, larger, and more approaching 
to an oval form than that of R. maximum, in which it is nearly 
cylindrical and ferrugineous. We have obferved too, that 
variety y of maximum, in Mr. Pursh's Flora of North-America, 
has fmooth capfules and a leafy calyx, characters fufhcient to 
entitle it to be confidered as a diftinft fpecies. 



W?/. 




J&tf? ' 




-./"Voir 



ruiirvC&> 



iTSon/i"*' 



C l6 7* ] 

Penstemon glabra, Nuttai/s 
Penstemon. 

+#HMHHH|HiH|hMHMH|h#MHtHMt 

Clafs and Order. 

DlDYNAMIA ANGIOSPERMIA. 

Generic Characler. 

Cal. 5-phyllus. Cor. 2-labiata, ventricofa. Filam. 5 tum flerile, 
caeteris longius, fupeme barbatum. Cap/, compreffa, 2-locularis, 
2-valvis. Sem. nuraerofa, fubglobofa. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

PENSTEMON glabra; foliis lanceolatis undulatis amplexi- 
caulibus, racemo verticillato fecundo, filamento fterili 
apice fpathulato nudo. 

PENSTEMON glabra ; caule foliifque glabris, foliis fub- 
amplexicaulibus ovato-oblongis integerrimis, floribus 
racemofo-paniculaiis, filamento fterili nudo clavato apice 
retufo, calycis foliolis fubrotundis acuminatis, laciniis 
corollas fubaequalibus rotundatis, antheris hirfutis. Purjb 
Fl. Am. Sept. Suppl. /». 738. 

PENSTEMON grandiflorum f Frqf. Cat. 



Desc. Stem adfcendent, fmooth, generally reddifh. Leaves 
croflwife oppofite, cordate-lanceolate, embracing the ftem : 
margin undulated, veined underneath, fmooth. Flowers in a 
terminal, fubcompounded whorled raceme, looking one way. 
Calyx leaflets ovate, concave, acuminate, minutely toothed. 
Corolla ringent : tube very fhort, contracted ; faux inflated, 
fomewhat contrafted upwards by two deep-indented furrows on 
the underfide, but ftill gaping : limb five-cleft : lacinite nearly 
equal, obtufe, bilabiately arranged, two upper and three lower. 
Stamens didynamous : filaments rounded, fmooth, crooked : 
anther a little bearded at the back ; lobes divaricate : barren 

filament 



filament fomewhat longer than the reft, dilated at the top, naked 
or beardlefs. Germen conical : fiyle nearly equal to the fila- 
ments, ftigma fimple. The flowers are the largeft of any of the 
fpecies; limb purple, faux nearly bluifh, changeable. 

We have before remarked that the feparation ofPENSTEMON 
from Che lone, on the ground of the difference in the length 
and pubefcence of the barren filament, is attended with diffi- 
culties. In our prefent plant, this organ exceeds the length of 
the fertile ftamens as in the former, but is entirely beardlefs as 
in the latter. In habit it correfponds with Penstemon laevigata, 
and efpecially with pubefcens. 

We received this as the grandifiora of Fraser's Catalogue, 
and probably it is the plant there meant; but Mr. Pursh ap- 
plies that fynonym to his Penstemon Bradburii, which has flill 
larger flowers, and is much taller and more upright. 

A hardy perennial. Native of Upper Louifiana in North- 
America. Introduced by Thomas Nuttal, Efq. Flowers 
in June and July. Communicated by Mr. Kent, of Clapton. 



/l=/<?73. 




C l6 73 ] 

Cristaria coccinea. Scarlet 

Cristaria. 

•&-:mmc- ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦>♦♦♦ 

Oafs and Order, 

MONADELPHIA POLYANDRIA. 

Generic Characler. 

Cat. {implex, 5-fidus. Petala 5, unguiculata. Styli plures* 
FruBus orbiculato-depreffus, pellicula tectus, dehifcens in arillos 
bialatos. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

CRISTARIA coccinea ,- undique cano-tomentofa et pilis ftellatis 
obfita, foliis 3 — 5-fidis : laciniis incifis acutis, racemis 
terminalibus, caule diffufo. Purjb Fl. Am. Sept. 2. p. 453. 

MALVA coccinea. Frafefs Catal. 



This beautiful and lingular little plant is a native of North- 
America, growing on the dry prairies and extenfive plains of 
the MifTouri. Is a hardy perennial. The whole plant is 
covered with a ftellated pubefcence placed on a clofe white 
tomentum. Flowers in July, Auguft, and September. Having 
only a lingle calyx, it does not correfpond with the character of 
Malva, but with that of Sid a ; from certain fpecies of which, 
having a winged appendix to the arilli of the feed, the late 
Prof. Cavanilles framed a feparate genus under the name 
Cristaria. 

Our drawing was made from a plant communicated by 
Meflrs. Fraser, of the American Nurfery, Sloane-Square. 

Introduced by Thomas Nuttal, Efq. 




!»&•/)«/. 



'u&W* 



[ i«74 ] 

OENOTHERA FRASERI. FrASER's EVENING 

Primrose. 
UMM*+»»**i* »♦♦♦♦♦ ♦ ♦» 

Cla/s and Order. 

OCTANDRIA MONOCYNIA. 

Generic Characler. 

Cat 4-fidus, tubulofus. Petala 4. Cap/. 4-locularis, 4-valvis, 
cylindrica, infera. Sem. nuda. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

OENOTHERA Fra/eri; glabriufcula, caule inferne fimplici 
fupeme ramuloro, foliis ovatis petiolatis glandulofo denti- 
culatis, racemis foliofis, capfulis pedicellatis obovatis tetra- 
gonis. Piirfo FI. Amer. Sept. 734. Suppl. 



CEnothera Fra/eri in many refpe&s refembles frutico/a 
(fupra No. 332J but when carefully examined is fufficiently 
diftinft : the moft important characler, however, is the form of 
the capfule, which in the prefent plant is four-cornered, while 
in frutico/a it is multangular. Mr. Pursh, in confequence of 
this fpecies, has propofed the following alteration in the fpecific 
character of the latter : CEn other a frutico/a ; tenuiter pubefcens, 
caule a bad ramofo divaricato, foliis feflilibus lanceolatis fub- 
dentatis acutis, capfulis pedicellatis oblongo-clavatis angulatis. 

CEnothera Fra/eri is a native of North- America, where it 
was firft colleBed by Mr. John Fraser, in the year 1808, 
and foon after introduced into this country. It is a hardy per- 
ennial. Propagated by feeds or parting its roots. Drawn at the 
North-American Nurfery, Sloane-Square. 

The fpecific name was given by Mr. Pursh, in honour of 
the difcoverer, who travelled with his late father in North- 
America in fearch of plants. To thefe laborious collectors 
the Botanical Magazine has frequently been indebted for the 
opportunity of publishing new and rare plants. To their m- 
duftrv, indeed, ought to be attributed tfcc acquifition of many 
* ' • ° more 



more of the valuable plants which adorn our gardens, than h 
generally known. 



ADDENDUM, 

No. 1592. OENOTHERA MI SSO UR E N S IS. 

Mr. Pursh has added this as a fynonym of his CE. macrocarpa^ 
Suppl p. 734. In his account of which fpecies he fays, that 
* ; the figure in the Botanical Magazine is apparently from a 
very weak and ftarved plant. The flowers of thofe in the pof- 
feffion of A. B. Lambert, Efq. were nearly fix inches in 
diameter, and the tube nearly feven inches long. There is an 
inequality on the edges of the petals, but by no means can it be 
called fcrrulate, which term has been introduced into the dif- 
ferentia fpecifica, and ftrongly, but erroneoufly, exprefled in 
the figure." 

Now we apprehend that Mr. Pursh muft have had fome 
other fpecies in view. We have feen a drawing of Mr. Lam- 
bert's plant, in which it was reprefented with upright ftems, 
whereas our plant is always decumbent. We have attended to 
it particularly this fummer, at Mr. Fraser's, where it grows 
apparently in full health ; but the flowers are not at all larger 
than reprefented in our figure : and the limb of the corolla is 
always ferrulate, as defcribed, nor is this character at all exag- 
gerated in our figure. It cannot, we think, with any propriety 
be called nucrocarpa, or large-fruited ; the capfule being much 
fmaller than in feveral other fpecies. We muft confefs however 
that we have not feen it with ripe feeds. 



A'Cy . 




rarjr De/. 



J>uJ. 6r</ fur&r Wa/vi>rtft Oci 'f.Ktff. 



C ^75 ] 
Papaver caucasicum. Caucasean Poppy. 

CAjft <z«i Order. 

POLYANDRIA MoNOGYNIA. 

Generic Charatler. 

Cor. 4-petala. Cal 2-phyllus. Cap/. i-locularis, fub ftigmate 
perfiftente poris dehifcens. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. . 

PAPAVER caucafmim s capfulis obovatis glabris, fligmate 
quadrilobo, caule pedunculifque pilofis : fctis fparfis ereftis, 
foliis pinnatifidis incifis. 

PAPAVER caucaficum ; capfulis obi ongis glabris, caule ramo- 
fifjimo virgato pedunculifque fetis fparfis erectis cvanidis 
foliis pinnatifidis incifis. Fior. Taur. CaucaJ. 



The Caucasian Poppy is nearly related to Papaver 
dubium, from which it differs in having much larger petals, of a 
deeper fcarlet colour, in being more branched, _ items and 
peduncles lefs hairy, with the hairs not adpreffed, as in that, but 
itanding flraight out, and often difappcaiing; and efpecially 
bv the large white four-lobed fligma. 

Our drawing was made at Air. Griffin's very valuable 
colleaion of rare plants at South-Lambeth, in June laft. 

A hardy annual ; propagated by feeds. Native of Caucafus. 



ERRATUM. 



No. 1672, pag. averf. 1. 3 et 4, for The flowers are the largcfl of any. of 
the fpecics, read The flower* are large. 




(/Vwf-jSSr*** 7)el 



■P furUs tfotwvrti 0dHL t-fff. 



C 167S ] 

Stapelia Bufonis. Toad-flowered 
Stapelia. 

jS» >'*. «Jt jk. .»'«.. sSsl ik 4i.j&. >'* A. sit. jfe. jJ4..j4s. A. .<!i..j''.i!. 
•>;**,» vjjf^jr »,» v^ vfr ^r^fr v,* /,* *,c «% *,\ /,> tjt »jr •,» •?(» 

Oafs and Order. 

Pentandria Digynia. 

Generic Character. 

Afclepiadea. NeBdr. duplici flellula tegentc genitalia. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms, 

STAPELIA Bufonis s ramis fimplicibus : fpinis cruciatim op- 
pofkis re&is, corollis quinquefidis rugolimmis, laciniis nec- 
tarii infimi bidentatis : dentibus divaricatis. 

STAPELIA Bufonia. Bonn Cantab. 

OR BE A bufonia. Hazvortb Sucail. p. 40. 



Stapelia variegata (fupraNo. 26.) S. picla (fupra No. 1169) 
and our prefent plant, S. Bufonis, are very nearly related, and 
perhaps may be by fome thought to be rather varieties than dif- 
ferent fpecies. There is, however, fo confiderable a difference 
in the herbage, as well as in the colour of the corolla, that we 
can but think that cultivators are juftified in confidering them to 
be diftinct. The form of the ne&aria would probably decide 
with more certainty, but this part not having been attended to 
with a view to their affording diftinguifhing characters, entire 
confidence cannot be put in the accuracy of representations. The 
latter have certainly the laciniae of the neflary bifid, and the 
teeth are longer and more divaricate in Bufonis than in picla. In 
the figure this part is reprefented entire in variegata, on which 
account Mr. Haworth confiders it not to be the variegata of 
Linn^us. But it is neceffary that thefe parts mould be care- 
fully compared in the living fpecimens, before any thing can 
be determined. Our prefent plant has been fo well named, that 
were all the fpecies to be feen flowering together, the likenefs to 
that loathfome animal which has fuggefted its appellation, would 
infallibly point it out. 

Flowers in Auguft and September. Native of the Cape of 
Good- Hope. Requires the fame treatment as the reft. Our 
drawing was taken fome years back at the late Mr. Walker's, 
at Stockwell. 



MS//. 




J>uk br <S rtvfr lUt/wrr^i M* 



C l6 77 ] 

Ardisia solanacea. Nightshade-like 

Ardisia. 

■♦♦»♦♦> *»♦**»*»♦♦♦♦»♦■ 

Clafs and Order. 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Charatler. 

Cal. 5-phyllus. Cor. hypocrateriformis, limbo reflexo. Anther* 
magnac, ereftae. Stigma fimplex. Drupa fupera, monofperma. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms, 

ARDISIA Jblanacea, corymbis axillaribus, pedicellis clavatis 
rmtantibus demum ereclis, corollis carnofis, foliis ovato- 
lanceolatis. 

ARDISIA folanacea; corymbis axillaribus tripartitis, foliis ob- 
longis utnnque attenuatis. Willd. Sp. PL 1. p 1063 
Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 2. p. 4. 6 ' 

ARDISIA folanacea. Roxb. Corom. 1. p. 27. /. 27. 



This fine fhrub, in full bloilbm, was communicated bv 
Mehrs. Loddiges and Sons. The corolla has a Angular ap- 
pearance much like an artificial flower made of fhell* The 
corymbs are rarely tripartite, as defcribed by Willdenow, 
from a fohtary mftance in Dr. Roxburg's drawing. In our 
plant, the buds were all cernuous ; but, as the flower expanded, 
the pedicle became ftraight, one open flower only appearing at 
a time m each corymb ; in the figure in the Coromandel 
plants, the artift has drawn the buds all erect, as well before as 
after expanfion. 

t Native of the Coaft of Coromandel, growing in moift places 
in the valhes among the mountains. Called by the Telin^as 
Londa Mayoor. ° 

The juice of the berries, according to Roxburgh, is of a 
very beautiful bright red colour, which, upon paper, changes 
to a durable brown. 6 

Introduced in 1798, by the Right Hon. Sir Joseph Banks, 
■Bart. k.. B. Flowers from June to September. 




SArmrdf &*/■ 



/■■</. h 



% 



C is 7 8 3 

Ardisia acuminata. Acuminated 
Ardisia. 

"Sji -VfT V t C >,« V,C >,i VjC .£» »,» 'J-. -.,. «S ... 4s •,» .,» .jcy 

C/j/} tf/.'i Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. e-phyllus. Csr. hypocrateriformis : limbo reflexo. Anihcra 
magnae, erects. Stigma (implex. Drupa fupera, monofperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

ARDISIA acuminata; paniailis axillaribus terminalibufque, 
foliis oblongis acuminatis bafi attenuates. Wdld. Sp. PI. 1. 
•p. 1062. Hort. Kew. edit. alt. 2. p. 4. 

ICACOREA guianenfis. Aublet Guian. 2. Suppl. p. 1. /. 368. 



Our plant does not agree very well with the characler taken 
from Aublet, the flowers being rather corymbofe than panicled. 
But as this author faw it in fruit only and not in flower, it is 
poffible that by the lengthening of the peduncle at the part from 
which the pedicles itfue, it may at that feafon put on more the 
appearance of a panicle. 

Descr. Afibrub, in our fpecimen, a foot and half or two 
feet high with green fmooth bark. Branches alternate, fpreading. 
Leaves petiolated, alternate, oblong, narrowed at both extremi- 
ties, fomevvhat undulate, fmooth on both fides, ribbed with 
numerous parallel veins, uniting near the margin. Peduncles 
axillary, not half the length of the leaf; bearing fimple or 
compound corymbs of flowers. Calyx minute, perfiflent, five- 
parted, acute, white, with ruft-coloured dots. Corolla faucer- 
fliaped, limb five-cleft, plain (not refiexed) white with rufly 
yellow dots fcarcely vifible to the naked eye. Stamens five : 
filaments inferted into the tube of the corolla, fhort, fpear- 
pointed : Anthers connivent. Germen globular. Style creft, 
longer than ftamens : Stigma acute. 

Native of Guiana. Communicated by MefTrs. Loddiges 
and Sons, flowering in July. 



Wf/J>; 




Put. h> J/'wiv Wmll fie// ////, 






C l6 79 3 

Veronica multifida. Fine-cut 

Speedwell. 

CFijfi iia/ Order. 

DlANDRIA MONOCYNIA. 

Generic Cbarailer. 

Cor. limbo 4-partito ; lacinia infima angufliore. Cap/. 2-I0- 
cularis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

VERONICA multifida; racemis lateralibus, foliis multipartitioi- 

pinnatifidis : laciniis linearibus, foliolis caiycis trifidis. 
VERONICA multifida; foliis multipartitis, laciniis pinnatifidis, 

lobis decurrentibus, pedunculis brcvibus, calycc glaber- 

rimo, caule villofo. Willd. Sp. PL 1. p. 69. excl. Smith. 

Acl Soc. Unn. 1. p. 1O9. Vahl Enum. 1. p. 73. 
VERONICA multifida; racemis lateralibus, foliis mukipartitis 

laciniatis, caulibus ereclis. Sp. PL p. 17. Syft.Feg.6o. 
VERONICA abrotanifolio, frutefcens, floribus carneis. Amm. 

Ruth. 25. n. 33. 
VERONICA foliis multifidis linearibus. Gmel. Sib. 3. p. 222. 

exclufo fynonymo Tournefortii. 



Descr. The whole plant is covered with a fine pubefcence, 
fliorter and thinner on the calyxes than elfewhere ; but thefe are 
by no means free from it. Stem fuffruticofe. Lower leaves 
multipartite, with pinnatifid laciniae, upper ones irregularly 
pinnate with linear, fimple, and pinnatifid laciniae. Racemes 
really lateral, though from the drawing they might be taken for 
terminal. Bratles 3 — 4-cleft : laciniae fimple. Calyx 4-cleft : 
two upper leaflets much longer than the lower, trihd. Corolla 
pale blue, ftreaked with purple : upper lacinia larger than the 
reft ; lower one fmaller. Anthers violet-coloured befpre they 

burft, 



burft, afterward white, from the white pollen. Cap/, ovate, 
terminated with long perfi{tenty?y/<?. 

We are particularly happy to be able to give a drawing of 
this little-underllood fpecies. All Botanifts confounded it with 
aujlriacctt till Dr. Smith gave an account of it from the Siberian 
fpecimen preferved in the Lronean herbarium, in the firft volume 
of the Tranfaftions of the Linnean Society. 

Native of Siberia. A hardy perennial. Flowers in May. 
Communicated, together with feveral other curious and rare 
plants, by Mr. Pringle, Nurferyman, at Sydenham. 



Jfffol 




c/ftridwolrTle/ 



[ i68o ] 

Helonias glaberrima. Smooth-leaved 
Helonias. 

Generic CbaratJer. — Vide No. 985. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

HELONIAS glaberrima; (bermaphrodita ; ) radice tunicato- 
bulbofa, ovato-oblonga ; foliis ligulato-elongatis, convoluto- 
canaliculatis, attenuatis, nervofo - ftriatis ; racemo 
diftante, pyramidato ; bra&eis convoluto - lanceolatis ; 
corolla rotata, aequali, demum connivente; laciniis late 
ovatis cum acumine, baft foflula gemina tranfverfe in- 
fculptis; capfula velata ; feminibus lineari-oblongis, prif- 
maticis, integumento membranaceo quam nucleus ampliorc 
atque fuperne alato. G. 

ZIGADENUS glaberrimus. Michaux Bor. Amer. 1. 214. /tf£. 22. 
Purjb Amer. Sept. 1. 241. 



As far as we are able to judge from the engraving in the 
above-cited work of Michau x, as well as from his defcription, 
we take our prefent plant to be the Zigadenus glaberrimus. 
It fhould be obferved, however, that the figure in that work 
has been done from a dried plant, in which there is not one 
corolla fhewn in its natural Hate. We are really at a lofs to 
fay what may have induced the leparation of the fpecies into a 
genus diftinct from that which was left in pofTefiion of Helonias 
lirginica (fee above, No. 985). Excepting that the corolla in the 
prefent plant is ultimately connivent, which is not the cafe there, 
we cannot deleft the flighted point to juftify this innovation. 
According to us, Veratrum and the American fpecies of 
Melanthium form but one genus with Helonias; and 
we do not fcruple to add Zigadenus to the mais. Our 
draw i jig was made from a plant that flowered this Cummer at 
Mr. Fraskr's Nurfery, in Sloane Square, and which had been 
imported from North- America. If it be the Zigaden u- 
bernmus, as we pre fume, it is found in moid gram 
Virginia and Lower Carolina, attaining the height of two 



A,,j.u. 




wA ?)'/. 



/'•A. by '/' SUA, V«/yn>rM Mi ■' ty 



[ 1681 ] 

Cleome pentaphylla. Five-leaved 

Cleome. 

■ 

Tetradynamia Siliquosa, 
Generic CharaEIer. 

Cal. 4-phyllus. P<?/tf/a 4. Stam. 4 — 40. «5Y/%tftf i-locularis, 
bivalvis, polyfperma. Semina exalbuminofa. Brown. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

CLEOME pentaphylla; floribus gynandris : ftaminibus medio 

(lipids infertis, foliis quinatis paffim floralibufque ternatis, 

caule inermi. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 4. p. 130. 
CLEOME pentaphylla; floribus gynandris, foliis digitalis. Sp. 

P/.938. WM. 3. /. 564. 
SINAPISTRUM indicum pentaphyllum flore cameo, minus, 

non fpinofum. Herm. Lugdb. 564. Shane Hijl. 1. p. 294. 

Raj. Hijl. 859. 
PAPAVER corniculatum acre quinquefolium «egyptiacum 

minus. Pluk. Aim. 280. 
PENTAPHYLLUM peregrinum filiquofum bivalve minus. 

Mori/. Hijl. 2. p. 289. 
PENTAPHYLLUM iiliquofum arabicum albidum. Park. 

Theat. 397. /. 3. 
QUINQUEFOLIUM lupini folio. Bauh. Pin. 326. 
CAPA-VEELA. Hort. Malab. 9. p. 43. /. 24. 



The number of leaflets is fo apt to vary in this genus, that it 
affords but a very bad fpecific chara&er. Our plant being 
particularly ftrong, produced feven leaflets on each of the lower 
leaves ; but retained its characler of three in the floral leaves. 

The genus is not lefs variable in the number and iituation 

of 



of the (tamens in the different fpecies, affording an inftance of 
peculiar difficulty in arranging it fatisfaclorily in the Linneao 
fyitern. Though inferted by Linnaeus in his clafs c Teiradynansia 9 
Cleome has little affinity with the genera naturally belonging 
to that family. Jussieu inferts it in the natural order of 
Capparides, with which it aflbciates well. 

Native of both Eaft and Weft-Indies. A tender annual, re- 
quiring to be raifed in a hot-bed, and kept in the ftove or under 
a glals frame. Flowers in June, July, and Auguft. Our 
countryman Parkinson had it in his garden fo long ago as 
the year 1640. Drawn at the Right Hon. Charles Long's, 
Brompton-Hill, in Kent. 



YrV ^ >,,v -->» «<'n vvn *^V(rr« rr<?'^rw»f't^*Vrr*i«K < '^TWW*'*VtT«t*^^ 



INDEX. 

In which the Latin Names of the 
Plants contained in the Fortieth 
Volume are alphabetically arranged. 

PI. 

Acacia armata. 

•melanoxylon. 



' 6 53 
1656 



Albuca viridiflora. 
Anderfonia fprengelioides. 

1678 Ardifia acuminata. 

16 7 7 folanacea. 

1654 Camellia japonica (£.) anemoni- 
fiora. 

1670 Camellia japonica (f.Jmyrtifolia. 

1646 Cameraria dubia. 

j 640 Cleome fpinofa. 

1681 pentaphylla. 

1673 Criftaria coccinea. 

1666 Diphylleia cymofa. 
1649 Enkianthus quinqueflora. 
1669 Epidendrum fragrans. 
1665 Gladiolus blandus ((?.) 
1668 Habenaria ciliaris. 
1680 Helonias glaberrima, 
1639 Jacquinia aurantiaca. 
3642 Iberis faxatilis (j3. ) corifolia. 
1658 Lachntea buxifolia {$. ) glauca. 

1657 ■ . [a..) virens. 

1636 Laurus Caffia. 

3650 Leucadendron grandiflorum. 

1638 LufFa foetida. 

1643 Maurandia antirrhiniflora. 

1663 Mefembryanthemum inclaudens. 

1647 



INDEX. 

In which the Englifh. Names of the 
Plants contained in the Fortieth 
Volume are alphabetically arranged. 

PL 

1659 Acacia, black- wooded. 

fimpie-leaved, prickly. 



t l6 5S 

A 1656 Albuca, grafs-green. 

* 1645 Anderfonia, Sprengelia-like. 

^> 1678 Ardifia, acuminated. 

*■ 1677 nightlbade-like. 

1654 Camellia, Anemone-flowered, or 



Watratah. 
1670 Camellia, myrtle-leaved. 
1636 Caffia, or baftard Cinnamon, 
1646 Cameratia, doubtful. 
1681 Cleome, five-leaved. 
1640 ■ prickly. 



jf 1665 Cornflag, painted. 

*. 1673 Criftaria, fcarlet. 

§ 1666 Diphylleia, cyme- flowered. 

1649 Enkianthus, Canton. 

1669 Epidendrum, fweet-fcented. 

1674 Evening-Primrofe, Frafer's. 

1647 Fig- Marigold, heart-fhaped, or 
glaucous checquered Dumplin. 

1663 Fig-Marigold, never-clofing. 

1668 Habenaria, yellow-fringed. 

1680 Helonias, fmooth-leaved. 

1639 Jacquinia, orange-flowered. 

1 658 Lachnaea, glaucous box-leaved. 

1657 green box-leaved. 



" a 1 ^5° Leucadendron, great-flowered, 
-obcordellum. Y 1638 LufFa, ftinking. 
1652 Nymphaea odorata (£.) rofea. A 1643 Maurandia, fnapdragon-flowered 

* 1637 CEdera, proliferous, 
v 1641 Pelargonium, drop- wort-leaved, 
a night-fmelling. 



1637 CEdera prolifera 

1674 CEnothera Fraferi. 

3675 Papayer caucaficum. 

1641 Pelargonium trifle (j3.) filipen 

dulifolia. 
1672 Penftemon glabra. 
1671 Rhododendron catawbienfe. 
1651 Saxifraga ceratophylla. 

1664 virginienfis. 

1644 Sida periptera. 
1676 Stapelia Bufonis. 

1661 ■ campanulata. 

1648 pulla. 

1662 reticulata. 

1667 Troximon glaucum. 
1655 Tupiftra fqualida. 
16(10 Veronica labiata. 
1679 multifida. 



1672 Penftemon, Nuttal's. 
<<> 1675 Poppy, Caucafean. 

* 1671 Rhododendron, Catawba. 

£ 1642 Rock candy-tuft,fmooth-leaved. 
^ 1651 Saxifrage, fhining-calyxed. 

* 1664 Virginian. 

v 1644 Sida, fhuttle-cock. 
A 1679 Speedwell, fine-cut 



1660 • labiated. 

661 Stapelia, bell-fhaped. 



1648 
1662 
1676 



black-flowered, 
netted- flowered, 
toad-flowered. 



1667 Troximon, glaucous-leaved. 
V 1655 Tupiftra, Amboyna. 
a 1652 Water-lily, leffer fweet-fcented. 



rrintcd by S. Couthman, Throgmorton-Strcct, Londoi