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Full text of "Curtis's botanical magazine."

CURT I S' S 

Botanical Magazine; 



^ O R, 



Flower-Garden Difplayed : 

IN WHICH* 
The moft Ornamental Foreign Plants, cultivated in the 
Open Ground, the Green- Houfe, and the Stove, are 
accurately reprefented in their natural Colours. 

TO WHICH ARE ADDED, 

Their Names, Clafs, Order, Generic and Specific Characters, according 

to the celebrated Linnaeus j their Places of Growth* 

and Times of Flowering: 

TOGETHER WITH 

THE MOST APPROVED METHODS OF CULTURE. 

A WORK 

Intended for the Ufe of fuch Ladies, Gentlemen, and Gardeners, as 
with to become fcientifically acquainted with the Plants they cultivate. 

By JOHN SIMS, M. D. 

Fellow of the Royal and Linnean Societies. 



VOL. XLI. 



The Flowers, which grace their native beds, 

Awhile put forth their blufhing heads, 

But, e'er the clofe of parting day, 

They wither, fhrink, and die away : 

But these, which mimic fkill hath made, 

Nor fcorched by funs, nor killed by made, 

Shall blufh with lefs inconftant hue, 

Which art at pleafure can renew. Lloyd. 



LONDON: 

Printed by Stephen Couchman, Throgmorton-Strcet. 

Publiihed by Sherwood, Neely, & Jones, 20, Pater nofler-Row 

And Sold by the principal Bookfellers in Great-Britain and Ireland. 

MDCCCXV. 



J&&2. 




,fvd m £J*onirDet. Adl tyi/" 0*& Wa/wvn'/i Afov /. fj/f^""^^^^ Flfm 



[ i68 2 ] 

Convolvulus purpureus (£.) varius. 
Striped-flowered Bindweed. 

♦ ## fr fr ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ' ♦ fr* ♦ $ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ P 

Clqfs and Order. 
Pentandria Monocynia. 

Generic Characler. 

Cor. campanulata, plicata. Stigm. 2. Cap/. 2-locularis : loculis- 
difpermis. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

CONVOLVULUS purpureus ; (volubilis) foliis cordatis in- 
divifis, fruclibus cernuis, pedicellis incrafiatis. Willd. Sp. 
PL 1. p. 852. Bot. Mag. N h - 113 et 1005. 

(0.) varius; corollis albis Cteruleo-jlriatis. 



Philip Miller remarked that there were three or four 
permanent varieties of this fpecies, which he had not found to 
change by cultivation. He enumerates one with white, another 
with red, and a third with pale blue flowers and whit? feeds. 
The variety figured at No. 1005 of this work is ftill more re- 
markable than any of thefe, and has been publifhed by J acquis 
in his Hortus Schoenbrunenfis, v. 3. pi. 261, as a diftinct 
fpecies, under the name of Ipomgea difcolor. Weihmann, in 
his Phytanthozaiconographia, voL 2. tab. 414 and 415, has 
figured four varieties, one of which has a considerable re- 
femblance to our prefent plant, having blue and white flowers 
with five red bands ; but the colours are not fo neatly definedj 
being rather in blotches than Itnpes. 

The Honourable William Hkrbert communicated the 
fpecimen from which our drawing was taken, with a remark 
that he had raifed it from feeds for five generations, without 
obferving any difpofition in it to change its characters. We 
have however feen fome flowers all white, and in a bed of them 

at 



at Mr. Knight's exotic nurfery, during the prefent fummer, a 
flower of the ufual purple cplour upon the very fame fl'em 
with others like our drawing. This obfervation is decifive with 
refpea to its claim to be confidered as a diftina fpecies. 

Mr. Herbert informs us, that it ripens feeds freely in the 
greenhoufe, but not fo readily in the open ground. This 
gentleman received the feeds from Cadiz. 

Requires the fame treatment as the other varieties. 



Jftfa. 




L" i68 3 ] 

OXALIS VARIABILIS, var. ALBIFLORA. WhITE- 
FLOWERED VARIABLE WOOD-SORREL. 

$$ $-$ $-$ &% sJHJnf* $• * $•* fc $ -M- 

C/rf/i a«i Order. 
Decandria Pentagynia. 

Generic Charatler. 

Cal. 5-phyllus. Tetala 5, unguibus connexa. «S7j;;;. insequalia : 
5 breviora exteriora, ball connata. Cap/, angulis dehifcens, 
5-gona. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

OXALIS variabilis; acaulis, fcapo unifloro foliis longiorc 
flaccido, foliis ternatis fubrotundis, folio intermedio cunei- 
formi, ftylis flaminibus exterioribus brevioribus. Willd. 
Sp. PL 2. p. 777. Jacq. Oxal. 89. /. 52 et 53. 

(y.) albiflora ; fcapis petiolorum longitudine, limbo corolla magno albo. 

OXALIS purpurea (£.) foliis totis viridibus, limbo albo. 
Thunb. Oxal. 11. 8. p. 13. 

OXALIS grandifiora. Jacq. Oxal. n. 68. /. 54. ? 



In the colour and fize of its flowers, our plant correfponds 
with the grandifiora of Jacquin, which is probably only a 
variety of variabilis. The red colour on the under furface of 
the leaves, according to Jacquin himfelf, is not conftant. 

We regret, that not having feen the individual plant from 
which our drawing was taken, we had no opportunity of 
examining the proportionate length of the ftyles and ftamens, 
which Jacquin confiders as a very important and conftant 
character. We received however two pots of O x a l i s variabilis^ 
one with red, the other with white and pale flowers, from 
MefTrs. Loddiges ; many of the flowers of which we examined 
with care, but were much difappointed to find that the fituation 
of the fiigmas feemed to vary according to circumftances; 
fometimes they were placed below the lower feries of anthers, 

more 



more frequently between the two feries, and now and then in 
faded flowers above both. 

To us it appeared that, if examined in a very early Mate, the 
two feries of anthers were packed clofe together one upon the 
other, and the ftigmas were feen in the middle, even with the 
upper ones ; but that in a little time the longer ftamens fhot 
above them, and the ftigmas paffed out between the filaments, 
and were then found above the lower and under the upper 
feries of anthers, and when the days were cold, this feemed to 
be their permanent fituation ; but when the fun fhone and the 
day was warm, or from fome unknown circumftance, the fhorter 
filaments likewife fhot up above the ftigmas, and thefe were 
found below both feries of anthers. It feemed too that the ftyles 
fometimes began to grow after the filaments had ceafed to do fo, 
and fhot up beyond the longed ftamens; but it was only in 
faded flowers that we found the ftigmas in this fituation, and not 
often in thefe. 

We had no reafon whatever to fuppofe that there could be 
different fpecies in the fame pot ; yet, when we find fo ex- 
perienced a Botanift as J acq u in, aficrting that he had paid the 
greateft attention to this fubject for five fucceflive years, and 
had examined a thoufand individuals without finding the character 
vary, in the fame fpecies, in a fingle inftance, we hefitate to put 
the fame confidence in our few experiments, as we fhould 
otherwife have done, and muft leave it to farther inveftigation. 

Our drawing was made at Mr. William Griffin's, South- 
Lambeth, in July laft. 



JTrfM. 




J'ttk gy <S (i^ii- WaJ*rcri/i /.'■ 



C 1684 ] 

PlTTOSPORUM VIRIDIFLORUM. GREEN- 
FLOWERED PlTTOSPORUM. 

Clqfs and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character, 

Cal. deciduus. Petala 5, conniventia in tubum. Cap/, 2 — 5- 
valvis, 2 — 5-locularis. Sent, te&a pulpa. 

Specific Charatler. 

PlTTOSPORUM viridiflorum ; foliis obovatis retufis nitidis 
fubtus reticulatis, panicula fubglobofa terminali. 



Desc. Stem fhrubby : branches tuberculated. Leaves al- 
ternate, obovate, very blunt, leathery, fhining green on the 
upper fide, pale and netted-veined on the under : petioles fhort, 
thickened at the bafe. Infiore/cence terminal, in a more or lefs 
globular panicle. Calyx deciduous, five- (rarely four-) leaved : 
leaflets flefhy, ovate. Corolla five- (rarely four-) petaled : petals 
lanceolate, revolute, yellowifh green. Stamens five (rarely four) : 
filaments half the length of the petals, inferted into a flefhy re- 
ceptacle : anthers arrow-fhaped, acute, attached to the filament 
by the back. Germen oval, fmooth : fiyle erecl : jligma capitate, 
fpongy. Flowers very fragrant, the fcent refembling that of a 
mixture of lemon and jafmine. 

Native of the Cape of Good Hope. Flowers in July and 
Auguft. Propagated by cuttings, or inarching on the more 
common fpecies. 

We find no mention of this fhrub in any author that we 
have confulted. Communicated by Mr. Sweet, from Mefirs. 
Malcolm and Sweet's Nurfery, at Stockwell-Common. 



#fftSJB 




A.'Vo ■ 




'el. A*/>Jr./'fl0&rtl r aJwB**&*S /Sf* J-'JantimJ'ti 



C 1M5 1 

DORYANTHES EXCELSA. GlGANTIC 
DORYANTHES. 

Cla/s and Order. 

HEXANDRIA MoNOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. fupera, fexpartita decidua. Filam. bafi laciniis adnata, 
iifque breviora. Anther* ere&ae, tetragonae, bafi cava: ex- 
tin&oriiformi affixse. Capfula. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

DORYANTHES excel/a. Correa m Lin. Soc. Tranf. v. 6. p. 2 u. 
tab. 23 et 24. Brown Prod. p. 298. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 2. 
A 303- 



This magnificent plant, of the liliaceous tribe, flowered laft 
dimmer in the greenhoufe of the Right Hon. Charles Long, 
at Bromley- Hill, in Kent; probably for the firft time in Europe, 
except the fingle flower produced from a portion of the ftem, 
without roots, which had been cut many months before in New- 
Holland, and from which chiefly M. Correa eftabliihed the 
genus. 

From this plant we iketched the following brief defcription. 
Radical leaves about a hundred, four feet long, fword-fhaped, 
fmooth, quite entire, with a very narrow cartilaginous margin, 
lower ones recurved, the others erect. From the centre of thefe 
grew the ftem, or /cape, quite ftraight, ten or twelve feet high, 
clothed with linear-lanceolate acute leaves fheathing the ftem at 
their bafe and fpreading upwards. Flowers of a deep crimfort 
or morone colour, collected in a roundifh terminal head, fur- 
rounded at the bafe by large, ovate-acuminate, green bracles ^ 
within there were other lanceolate bracles, of the fame colour 
with the flowers, and feparating thefe into fafcicles of two, three, 
or four ; two ftill narrower bracles accompanied each individual 
flower the length of the germen and peduncle. Lacinitf of tbe 
corolla fix, tongue-fhaped, obtufe with a nipped point. Filaments 
fubulate, fhorter than the corolla, to which they are adnate or 

foldered 



foldered at the lower part : Anihers the length of the free part 
of the filament, erect, four-cornered, hollowed at the bafe and 
affixed over the point of the filament like an extinguiflier, 
covered with a dark green pollen. Germen ftraight, obfcurely 
three-cornered : Style three-furrowed : Stigma three-lobed. 

In the figure of the flower given in the Tranfactions of the 
Linnean Society, the germen is very much curved, which does 
not feem to be natural to the plant. 

We were informed that the item began to moot the preceding 
fummer, and reached to the height of three or four feet; that 
then, the winter coming on, it remained quiefcent till the fol- 
lowing fpring, when it again refumed its growth, and the flowers 
began to expand by the end of July. 



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Sy^St/ranir Pa? 



S&& 1V/>/<A>rgi JTov rfjff 






[ 1686 ] 

Delphinium grandiflorum. Great- 
flowered Larkspur, 

C/a/r tfW Order. 

POLYANDRIA TRICYNIA, 

Generic Character. 

Cal. o. P<?ta/tf 5. Neflar. 2 — 4-fidum, poflice cornutum. 
Siliqua 3 feu 1. 

Specific CharacJer and Synonyms. 

DELPHINIUM grandiflorum g (tricapfulare) neQariis tetra- 
phyllis : labellis orbicularis fubbarbatis : unguibus appendi- 
culatis, foliis lineari-multipartitis. 

DELPHINIUM grandiflorum} neclariis diphyllis : labellis in- 
tegris, floribus fubiolitariis, foliis compofitis lineari-multi- 
partitis. Sp. PI. 749. Willi. 2. p. 1228. Miller. Ic. 2. 
p. 167. /. 250./. 1. 

DELPHINIUM lufnanicum glabrum, aconitifolio. Roloff 
Hort. Krauflan. 61. /. 3. 



Descr. Root perennial. Stem ereft, fmooth, fomewhat an- 
gular, and dichotomoufly branched. Radical leaves multipartite : 
fegments narrow, channelled, pale underneath ; lower cauline 
leaves fimilar; floral 2 — 3-partite, or even fimple. Flowers 
alternate on peduncles varioufly lengthened, diftant, of a fine 
azure colour fpotted with a dull red. Petals nine in two feries : 
five outer ones ovate, four of them equal, the upper one larger 
and lengthened behind into a rugofe fpur with a bifid point : of the 
four inner petals (neclarium) two are very fmall, flefhy, upright, 
rigid, channelled : two are nearly orbicular, with an oblique claw, 
at the bafe of which is a fmall hooked appendix ; thefe are re- 
flected fo as to cover completely the organs of fructification, 

and 



and are ornamented near the claw with a yellow (lightly bearded 
fpot. Stamens many : filaments flat, narrowed upwards, and 
re flexed : anthers ovate, attached by the back, black with white 
pollen. Germens three, approximate, filky. Capfuks three, erecl, 
villous. 

In the common Larkfpur (Delphinium Confolida) the four 
petals of the neflarium are united into one and terminate behind 
in a fpur fheathed by that of the upper petal : in all the fpecies 
thefe parts vary materially in form and number. In this and 
the related genus Aconitum, Jussieu confiders the outer 
petals as calyx, and gives the name of petals to what Linnaeus 
calls ne El aria. 

A double variety of this fpecies is very common in our 
gardens, and much admired for the fplendid blue colour of its 
flowers. But the plant in its natural fingle ftate has been a 
defideratum, and has been only lately introduced from Ruflia, 
by Meffrs. Whitley, Brame, and Milne, of the Fulham 
Nurfery. We have likewife feen it at the Exotic Nurfery, 
KingVRoad. Native of Siberia ; a hardy perennial ; propa- 
gated by parting its roots and by feed. 




JVtdfy. 



'.;<* fir t/ 1 0*r£r m/<r?r#i >>* « ffty 



C 1687 ] 

Narcissus viridiflqrus. Green 
autumnal jonquil. 

»♦ M- » »»♦ » ♦ ♦ »♦ »» ♦ ♦♦ • 

G*«mV- Chamber. — J7<fc N h - 924, 925. 

Specific Character and Synonyms, 

NARCISSUS viridiflorus ;. (uni-pluriflorus; filam. adnata ,> miff. 
3 tubo, 3 rwww inch/a ;) foliis uno-pluriburve, junceis, 
tereti-attenuatis, fillulbfis, lievibus, fcapo fimili fubifometro 
tardioribus; pedicellis inaequalibus, ere&is, a brevioribus 
ad pluries tubo longiora; corolla geniculato-nutante ; ger- 
mine tubo pluries breviore ; limbo ftellato, laciniis divari- 
catis, a^qualibus, linearibus, attcnuatis, planis* tubo bre- 
vioribus; corona breviflima, cupulato-rotata, fexcrenato- 
incifa, fegmentis obtufis, fubemarginatis. G. 

NARCISSUS viridiflorus : Schoujboe. Marok. in det danfke 
videnfkabers/elfkabs Jhivter. 1800. 157. tab. 2. Id. germane* 
a MarkuJJen. 142. tab. 2. Roth, neue beytr. zur Bolan. th. 1. 
189. Id. anglict a Kocmg fc? Sims, in Ann. Bot. 2. 26. 

NARCISSUS juncifolius autumnalis flore viridi. Park. Parad. 
p. 94, tab. 93. fig. 6. 



Descr. Bulb roundifh with brown membranous coverings ; 
leaves 1 to feveral, a foot or more long, as well as the /cape 
nearly of the fame fize as in the common garden Jonquil ; 
/paibe lanceolately convolute, and (in fpecimens that have feveral 
flowers) fhorter than the longer peduncles : corolla and crown of an 
uniform afh-green colour, fegments about fix lines long and 
one broad ; Jlyle even with the longea ftamens ; jiigmas 3 ; lcent 
like that of the common Jonquil. 

Parkinson, by whom this rare and lingular coloured 
fpecies was cultivated amongft us nearly two centuries back, ha* 
been the firft to record it. Subfequently to him, we do not 
find that it has been noticed, until enrolled under its pre- 
fent title in " The Obfervations on the Vegetables of Morocco" 
by Mr. Schousboe, a Danifh Botanift, who found it growing 

fpontaneoufly 



fpontaneoufly on the Coaft of Barbary and on the u neutral 
ground" between Gibraltar and St. Roque, in 1791 — 3. Its 
natural feafon of flowering, like that of Narcissus Jerotinus, 
(a fpecies from the fame parts and of nearly fimilar ceco- 
nomy) is the latter-end of autumn, lnferotinus the corolla is 
■white, figments elliptically lanceolate, crown orange-coloured, 
leaves linear, channelled, /cape ftriate, and fomewhat edged. 
Like* viridiflorus, it has difappeared in our gardens, although 
it feems to have been the more generally known of the 
two, and was ftill in them in the time of Miller. The 
fpecimen from which our prefent drawing was made, had 
been imported from Spain, by Dr. Thompson, and flowered 
this fummer, for the firft time, in Mr. Griffin's collection, 
at South-Lambeth. G. 



NOTE. 

Narcissus trilobus. Supra No. 945. 

In the fecond edition of the Hortus Kewenfis, this plant 
appears under the fpecific name of nutans, with a note that 
denies its being the trilobus of Linnaeus. We fhall not 
arraign the reafoning, on which the denial is founded ; our 
friend, the excellent and learned writer of it, is now no more. 
We fhall only ftate, that we know that he had never feen the 
plant ; and that its identity with trilobus had been determined by 
comparifon with the fpecimen of that fpecies in the Linnean 
Herbarium. To any one who faw the plant, we are perfuaded 
the defcription contained in the " Species Plantarum," would alone 
decide the point. Although Linnaeus calls it trilobus; he 
fays in the fpecific character, that the crown is " fubtrifid," and 
in the appended note " obfeurely trifid and quite entire." G. 



ERRATUM. 

No. 1301 . verf. fol. We have omitted in the Enumeration of the Species of 
Narcissus t N. Tazzetta, N9. 925 j which ihould be interted. G, 



M'/<fa, 




-Put. fcU'&Jr Hr'aJwJr /J, c / /s,./ 



[ i688 ] 

Sesamum indicum. Indian Sesamum, 
or Oily-grain, 

DlDYNAMIA ANGIOSPLRMIA. 

Generic Characler. 

Cat. 5-partitus. Cor. campanulata, 5-fida : Iobo infimo majore. 
Rudimentum filamenti quinti. Stigma lanceolatum. Cap/. 4- 
locularis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

SESAMUM indicum ; caule erefto, foliis ovato-lanceolatis in- 

tegris vel lobatis, pedunculifque fuboppofitis. 
SESAMUM indicum; foliis ovato-lanceolatis : inferioribus tri- 

lobis ; fuperioribus indivifis, caule ereclo. Willd. Sp. PL 3. 

p. 359. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 4. p. 52. Mart. Mill. Dttt. 

Synonyma tamen plura Tub orient ale petenda. 
VANGLO or Oil Plant. Brown Jam. p. 270. 
SESAMUM. Mat thiol in Diofc. lib. 2. cap. 92. Dod. Pempt. 522. 

Lob. Obf. 514. Ic. 2. 63. Ger.emac. 1232. Dalecb. Hift. 483. 
SESAMUM indicum. Rumph. Amb. v. 5. p. 20. t. 76./ 1. 
SESAMUM foliis inferioribus trifidis dentatis, fuperioribus ob- 

longis ferratis. Brown Jam. 270. 
SESAMUM alterum foliis trifidis orientale, femine obfcuro. 

Pink. Aim. 344. Phyi. t. 109./. 4. 



Sesamum indicum and orientale appear to have their fynonymy 
extremely confufed. Of the older figures in wood, thole 
which we have quoted are all copied from the original one of 
Matthiolus; and appear to us properly to belong to this 
fpecies, though generally referred to orientale, of which we know 
of no reprefentation but that in the Hortus Malabaricus and the 
one in wood in Camerarius's Hortus copied by Parkinson, 
and diminutively by John Bauhin. 

Rump* 



Rumpf defcribcs the leaves to be three-lobed at the bottom 
of the plant, ferrated in the middle, and quite entire or only 
finuate at the upper part ; but acknowledges that, in all thefe 
refpe£ts, they are fubjeel to vary ; their form feems therefore 
to be of little ufe in determining the fpecies. The lower 
leaves of our plant were three-lobed. In the Hortus 
Malabaricus Sesamum orientale is drawn with leaves and 
peduncles alternate; in all the figures which we have quoted, 
as fynonyms of our plant, they are oppofite, as they have been 
in all the genuine fpecimens that we have feen, except a little 
occafjonal deviation, and even then the difpolition to remain 
oppotite has been very evident. 

Both this fpecies and orientale are much cultivated in Egypt, 
and in the Eaft and Weft-Indies, for the fake of the oil procured 
from the feeds, which is of the mod extenfive ufe, and is faid 
to grow more mellow and agreeable with age. 

Our drawing was made from a weak plant which flowered at 
Mr. Vere's, of Kenfmgton-Gore, in Auguft 1813. The fketch 
of the feed-vefTels was added laft fummer from a much ftronger 
plant which grew quite ereft, the produce of the fame feeds. It 
is a tender annual, requiring to be railed and invigorated by 
renewed hot-beds, to bring it to perfection in this country. 

Rumpf mentions two varieties of Sesamum indicum y one 
with white the other with black feeds; we are informed by 
Mr. Anderson, that the feeds of our plant are of a yellowifh 
white colour, and were fent from Jamaica under the name of 
Vahgalosa. 



JT/ 




.Jr/>*/ 



J? ly'ari/tm t/h 



[ i68 9 ] 

COSMEA LUTEA. YeLLOW-FLOWERED 
COSMEA. 

•3}. •>,<■ >}£• , s{£""sj» "w - 3jJ •>!«■ 7p"',»' yfc ">;5' »;£ "3jr >j?" ^f "Jj^-SjS* 

C/a/} <?«</ Order. 
Syngenesia Polycamia Frustranea. 

Generic Character, 

Recept. paleaceum. Sem. tetragona. Pappus 2- feu 4-ariftatus. 
Cat. duplex, uterque monophyllus o&opartitus. Cosmos. 
Cav. Ic. 

Specific Charafter. 

COSMEA lutea ; foliis pinnatis bipinnatifidifque : pinnis fer- 
ratis fubdecurrentibusj radio paucifloro neutro. 



Our drawing of this undefcribed fpecies of Cosmea was 
taken at the garden of the Right Hon. Lord Holland, in 
November 1812. His Lordfhip, we were informed, brought 
the feeds with him from the Botanic Garden at Madrid, under 
the name which we have adopted. A native of Mexico. A 
tender annual, requiring to be forced early in the fpring to 
bring it into flower foon enough to mature its feeds before the 
winter; for want of which, it is probably already loft to this 
country. 



I >A>/'. 




/'»/,. J: 



2>to f. //'j! 



[ ^9° ] 
Thalia dealbata. Mealy Thalia. 

Oafs and Order. 

MONANDRIA MONOCYNIA. 

Gynandria Monandkia. Turjh. 

Generic Character. 

Anthera (implex, ovata, filamento proprio depreflb inixa. Stylus 
brevis, ab anthera deflexus. Stigma perforatum ringens. Bacca 
monofperma. Semen evitellofum. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

THALIA dealbata; panicula albido-pulverulenta, fpathis bi- 
floris, foliis ovatis apice revolutis. Purjh Ft. Amer. Sept, 

584. 
THALIA dealbata; calyce bifloro, culmo arundinaceo pulve- 

rulento, foliis apice revolutis. Rqfcoe in Lin. Soc. Tranflift, 8. 

p. 34^. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 1. p. 3. 

THALIA? dealbata. Frafcr, Jingle plate. 





We received a very fine fpecimen of this beautiful plant in 
flower, feveral years ago, from our friend Thomas Furly 
Forster, Efq. but we could not make it expand any of the 
buds, though covered wuh a bell-glafs and a bright fun ; and 
confequently, from the fugitive nature of the bloflom, we could 
not at that time get a drawing made of it. This fpecimen, 
however, afforded us the opportunity of obferving that the 
anther burft, and difcharged its globular pollen^ before the ex- 
panfion of the flower, and whilfl it was clofely embraced by the 
membranous ftigma. This accounts for the circumftance, men- 
tioned in the generic character, of the ftyle being bent away 
from the anther ; for this organ having already (bed its pollen, 

1 could 



could be of no further ufe. At every joint of the peduncle is a 
purplilh-coloured concave bra£le, which drops off before the 
flower is fully opened. 

This elegant aquatic is generally confidered as a ftove plant, 
and may probably require that afiillance to bring it into blof- 
fom ; but, being a native of the fwamps of South-Carolina, we 
prefume it would be better to preferve it in the greenhoufe 
through the winter, and remove it into the bark-ftove at its 
feafon of flowering. 

Jussieu includes Thalia in the natural order of Scitaminea^ 
which he calls Cmma / but Mr. Robert Brown has feparated 
a fmall portion of thefe plants into a diftintt order, under the 
name of Cannes ; retaining that of Scitamine<£ for the reft. The 
Cannede of Brown, conhft of the following genera; Cartna, 
Maranta, Thalia, Phrynium, and perhaps Myrofma; and are 
diftinguifhed from the true Scitamineae, by their fimple anther, 
by the defect of a vitdlum in the feed, and by their poifefhng 
no aroma at all, or at moft a very weak one. 

Flowers in July and Auguft. Our figure was taken from a 
plant communicated by Mr. Knight, of the Exotic Nurfery. 



/ ttyf. 




[ 1691 ] 

Brassia maculata. Spotted-flowered 

Brassia. 

Clafs and Order. 

GVNANDRIA MONANDRIA. 

Generic Charatlcr. 

Labellum explanatum, indivifum. Vetala patula, diftinfta. 
Columna aptera. Maffa pollinis 2, poftice bilobae ; medio affixaa 
proceffu communi {iigmatis. Brown in Hort. Kew. 

Specific Name. 
BRASSIA maculata. Brawn MJf. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 5. p. 215. 



The genus Epi den drum, as originally conuituted, through 
the difcovery of a great number of additional fpecies, had be- 
come not only too cumberfome, but contained fo many plants, 
with the parts of fru&ification fo differently framed, as to 
require being feparated into diftinft genera ; a talk undertaken, 
with confiderable fuccefs, feveral years ago, by Prof. Swartz, 
and which has been farther elucidated by the labours of Robert 
Brown, Efq. in the new edition of Aiton's Hortus Kewenfis. 

Our prefent plant is placed by Mr. Brown between Cym- 
bidium and Oncidium, and diftinguifhed from both princi- 
pally by the columna, with which in the former genus the 
labellum is articulated, and which, in the latter, is winged. 

It was named in commemoration of Mr. Brass, a man of 
confiderable botanical knowledge, who went to Africa feveral 
vears ago, to collecl; plants for Sir Joseph Banks and Drs. 
Fothergill and Pitcairn. 

Introduced to the Kew Garden, by the Right Hon. Sir 
Joseph Banks, Bart. K. B. where it flowered in April lafl, 
and was brought to Sir Joseph's, by Mr. Aiton, who favoured 
ws with permiffion to get our drawing taken from it. 



C l6 9 2 ] 

Lobelia variifolia. Various-leaved 

Lobelia. 

Clafs and Order, 

Pentandria Monocynia. 

(Syngenesia Monocamia. Linn.) 

Generic Character. 

Cat. 5-fidus. Cor. i-petala, irregularis. Anth. cohaerentes. 
Cap/, infera 2- f. 3-locularis. 

Specific Charatler. 

LOBELIA yariifolla; caulibus ereBiufculis, foliis linearibus 
mtegerrirnis dentatifque, floribus fubfolkariis terrainalibus. 






The genus Lobelia, as now conftituted, contains fo many 
Ipecies, feveral of which differ fo materially in the parts of fruai- 
hcation, that they might with great advantage be feparated. 
Our prefent plant is nearly related to Lobelia lutea , fee 
No. 1319, where the remarkable difference that exifts between 
that plant and the reft of the genus is pointed out. We be- 
lieve that Mr. Salisbury has ereBed thefe two plants into a 
diitinct genus, but we do not know that he has publifhed any 
thing on the fubjea. We therefore leave them for the prefent 
under Lobelia. It is much to be wifhed that fome Botanift, 
who has fufficient opportunity, would go through the whole 

Lobelia variifolia differs from lutea, not only in foliage and 
habit, but m having a tripartite ftigma, which in the latter is 
bipartite ; but whether this diftinaion is conftant muft remain 
uncertain till an opportunity fhall offer of examining a greater 
number of individuals. 

Native of the Cape of Good Hope. Our drawing was taken 
at the fuperb colleaion of the Comteffe Dl Vandes, at 
Bayes- Water, in July 1812. * 







«<J iv vTA*** W„ 



Af/$3. 




C 1693 ] 

Myoporum parvifolium. Small-leaved 
Myoporum. 

•%-% *nfr % & &■&• ♦♦♦♦♦ *# Jfe- % #$ 

DlDYNAMIA AnGIOSPERMIA, 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-partitus. Cor. tubo brevi ; limbo 5-fido, fubaequali. 
Stigma obtufum. Drupa baccata, 2 — 4-locularis. Sim. 1 — 2, 
penduia. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

MYOPORUM parvifolium ; foliis akernis clavato-linearibus 
ramulifquc glandulofo-tuberculatis, pedunculis fubbipartitis, 
folium fubsequantibus. 

MYOPORUM parvifolium; foliis altcrnis linearibus obtufi- 
ufculis apice nunc dentatis bafi attenuatis ramulifque glan- 
dulofis, pedunculis paffim bipartitis dimidio folio longiori- 
bus, caule diffufo. Brown Prod. Fl. Nov. Holl. ^.516. Hort. 
Kew. ed. alt. 4. p. 60. 

POGONIA tuberculata, afpera vel fcabra Hortulanis. 



This is a very pretty little fhrub, with fweetifh honey-fcented 
flowers; and flowering almoft the whole of the year } is a 
valuable ornament to our greenhoufes. 

Being propagated by cuttings without difficulty, it u become 
pretty common, though no figure of it has, we believe, been 
hitherto publilhed. We 'have received fpecimens of this 
plant from feveral quarters, under the names of Pogonia 
tuberculata, afpera, and fcabra. Our drawing was taken from a 
plant communicated by Meurs. Loddiges and Sons, Intro- 
duced in 1803, by Mr, Peter Good, 



C l6 9i ] 

PrOTEA ACUMINATA. SHARP-POINTED 

Protea. 

Oafs and Order. 

Tetrandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Petala 4, quorum 3 fuperne cohserentia. Anther* apicibus 
concavis corollae immerfae. Nux fupera, undique barbata, flyio 
perfiftente coronata. 

Specific Character, 

PROTEA acuminata i foliis lineari-lanceolatis acutis planis 
fupra venulofis, bracleis obtufis apice pubeicente-concavo, 
ramis flexuofis coloratis. 



This fpecies of Protea, which we do not find defcribed 
any where, has confiderable affinity with canaliculata : but differs 
in having broader flat leaves, not hollowed on the upper furface, 
where they are flightly veined ; braHes more obtule, hollowed 
at the extremity, and bordered with a black pubeicence. Stem 
upright : branches weak, twiggy, of a bright red colour on the 
iide expofed to the light, and more thinly clothed with leaves 
than in canaliculata. Flowers always terminal. 

Our drawing was taken at MefTrs. Lee and Kennedy's, in 
March 1812, where it is known by the name we have adopted. 



Af/fy?. 




-/"* iVwaraf'- £rt. 



A'stfyf- 




J>u&. &X uf fj^rtr Mi 



C l6 95 ] 

COMMELINA TUBEROSA. TUBEROUS 
COMMELINA. 

•$• $ %4p $4- |h|hMhjh|e- *■♦♦ *• ♦♦ <► 

Generic Characler. — f?i? No. 1431. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

COMMELINA tuberofa s (flores involucrati ;) radice tuberofo- 
fafciculata ; caule ramofo, futura villofa ftriato ; foliis 
oblongo v. ovato-lanceolatis, glabris, margine fubciliato- 
fcabris, vagina periolaii tomentofo-ciliatis, junioribus fu- 
premis involucroque fubtus pubefcentibus ; racerais al- 
ternis, inclufis, paucifloris; pedunculis pubefcentibus; 
rachide pedicelliique glabris ; corollae laciniis sequalibus, 
ovato-rotundis. G. 

COMMELINA tuberofa. Linn. S p. PI. ed. 2. 1. 61. Willicb. 
Mujlr. n. 18. Mill. Did. ed. 8. n. 4. Hart. Kew. 1. 76. ed. 
2. 1. 124. Gcertn. Sent, et Fr. 1. 49. /. 15. Schmidel Ic. 
192. tab. 49. Bot. Rep. tab. 399. Lil. a Redoule. tab. 108. 
ly'illd. Sp. PL 1. 251. Emm. 69. Vahl Enum. 2. 171. 

COMMELINA coelejlis. W1lld.E71um.6g. 

COMMELINA radice anacampferotis. Dillen. Hort. Eltb. 94. 
tab. 70. fig. 90. 



Willdenow, in the laft of his works above quoted, records 
the prefent plant under the name of ccelcfis, and has befides a 
fpecies in the fame as tuberofa. But, as our plant is undoubtedly 
his coelejlis, and, as far as we can make out, the tuberoja of 
others ; and fince he has given no mark fuffkient to diitinguiih 
them by, we fufpeft that this was the only one ktn by him ; 
and that being unable to fatisfy him/elf of its identity with 
tuberofa, he has (as we fo often lee is done, to the injur) ol this 
fcience) recorded two fpecies inftead of one. We doubt whether 
the C.fafciculata of the Flora Peruviana is really diftinct hom 
this : it has the fame root. Our drawing was made from 
a feedling fpecimen that flowered in its nrft year at Mr. 
Vere's. The feed had been received from a botanic garden in 
the North of Germany. A native of Mexico ; requires to be 
Jcept in the ftove. Perennial. Cultivated in 1732 by Dr. 
Sherrard at Eltham, G. 



[ 1696 ] 

Eugenia Jambos. Narrow-leaved 
Eugenia. 

Oafs and Order. 

ICOSANDRIA MONOCYNIA. 

Generic Characler. 

Cal. 4-partitus, fuperus. Petala 4. Bacca l-Iocularis, 1- 
fperma. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

EUGENIA Jambos s foliis integerrimis lanceolatis, pedunculis 

fubquadrifloris terminalibus. Willd.Sp. PI. 2. p. 959. Hort. 

Kew. ed. alt. 3. p. 1 86. 
EUGENIA Jambos ; foliis integerrimis, pedunculis ramofis 

terminalibus. Sp. PI. 672. IVilld. 2. p. 959. Hort. Kew. 

ed. alt. 3. p. 186. PI. Zeyl. 188. Lour. Ft. Cochin. 807. Mart. 

Mill. Die?, n. 2. 
JAMBOSA fylveftris alba. Rumpf Amb. up. 127. /. 39. 
MALACCA-SCHAMBU. Hort. Malab. up. 27. /. 17. 
PRUNUS malabarica fru&u umbilicato pyriformi Jambos difta 

minor. Raj. Hijl. 1478. n. u 

In reading over the defcriptions of the authors above quoted, 
there appears to be confiderable contradiction exifting in their 
accounts, which may be owing perhaps occafionally to the con- 
founding this fpecies with E. malaccenfis ; or there may be dif- 
ferent varieties or fpecies. Rumpf defences our plant as one 
of the wild forts of J am bob a, diftingui filing it from the do- 
mestic, or Eugenia malaccenfis of Linn jE us by its fmaller 
flze, crooked growth of the item, and auftere, round-compreffed 
fruit, which he fays is feldom eaten in Amboyna, being lefs 
juicy, more infipid, and leaving a bitterifh tafte on the palate. 
From the crooked growth, the wood is chiefly ufed for the 
ribs of fliips. 

In the Hsrtus Malabaricus, the flowers are defcribed as at 
firft white and fcentlefs, afterwards turning yellow and ac- 
quiring an acid or vinous fmell ; and the fruit is faid to be fweet 
and grateful, with a very pleafant rofe-like fcent. By Lo u r e i ro 
the ftamens are defcribed to be red, the fruit fweetifh acid, 
without fmell. 

Communicated by Barrett, Efq. of Ewel, at the 

latter-end of June. Flowers from February to July. Native of 
the Eaft-Indies. Requires to be kept conftantly in the bark ftovc. 



J"/{> Of. 



* * 




f*i. h-tf /£«£- WeSvi-nfi 



M/6& 




C l6 97 ] 

Pteronia pauciflora. Few-flowered 

Pteronia, 

4 $$ » ♦ » »» »M fr » » » ♦ ♦♦ fr 

Syngenesia Polygamia jEquali*. 

Generic Gbaracler. 

Recept. paleaceura : paleis multipartita. Pappus fubplumofus, 
Cal. imbricatus, fquamis carinatis. 

PTERONIA pauciflora; fuffrutcx tomentofo-pilofus, ramis uni- 
floris, foliis akcrnis lanceolatis, fquamis calycinis glabris 
obtufis, capitulis cylindricis. 



This little (hrub, native of the Cape of Good-Hope, was 
communicated by the late Mr. Napier, from the Vauxhall 
Nurfery, now Chandler and Buckingham's. Having ne- 
glected at the time to examine it particularly, and not having 
met with it fince, it is not without forae hefitatioa that we give 
it as a fpecies of Pteronia. 



C 169s? ] 

OXALIS ROSACEA. ROSE-COLOURED 
W0OD-S0RREL. 

Decandria Pentagynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-phyllus. PetaJa unguibus connexa. Stam. insequalia : 
5 breviora exteriora, bafi connata. Cap/, angulis dehifcens, 5- 
gona. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

OXALIS rofacea ; caule fimplici foliofo decumbente, foliis 
ternatis fubleffilibus, pedunculis unifloris longiflimis, peialis 
fubtus difcoloribus. 

OXALIS rofacea; caule foliofo fimplici decumbente, pedun- 
culo unifloro foliis multoties longiore, foliis ternatis fub- 
feflilibus oblongo-cuneiformibus, corollis campanulatis acu- 
tiufculis, fty lis ftaminibus interioribus brevioribus. Willd. 
Sp. PL 2. p. 797. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 3. p. 128. 

OXALIS rofacea ,- corollis campanulatis, fiylis intermediis, 
filamentis gibbofe denticulatis. J acq. Oxalis, n. 30. p. 51. 
/. 17. 



This beautiful fpecies of Oxalis was communicated from 
the Bifhop of London's garden in Fulham, in OBober 1812. 

Native of the Cape of Good-Hope. Introduced by Mr. 
Mass on. Flowers from September to November. 



Jfffyf. 




</WrfJnn{el>«t. 



P*£. t,r<S &*&- Hb/wedlSm* t '<"■*■ 



jV/tfpq. 




*'/)?/. 



JUi fy S fvr&- Ifa/iro'Ji >/a* Ht rt«C 



C i%9 ] 
Crotalaria pulchella. Large- 
flowered Crotalaria. 

C/3/S <3«^ Order. 

DlADELPHIA DeCANDRIA. 

Geiieric Character. 

Legumen turgidum inflatum, pcdicellatum. Filam. connata, 
cum hfl'ura doriali. 

Specific Characler and Synonym. 

CROTALARIA pulchella $ frutefcens, ramulis teretibus fed- 
ceis, foliis ternaris : foliolis lineari lanccolatis acutis pctiolis 
longioribus fubtus fubpilolis. Bot. Kepof. 417. Hort. Kczc, 
ed. alt. 4. p. 274. 



The Crotalaria pulchella is a handfome greenhoufe fhrub, 
with long, erecl, {lender, rounded branches, bearing large 
bunches of yellow flowers at their extremities. The whole 
plant is covered with a filky, clofe-adprefled pubefcence. 

Our drawing was made leveral years ago, at Mr. Colville's 
Nurfery, in the King's-Road, in the month of May. 

Native of the Cape of Good-Hope. 



C 17°° ] 

Yucca aloifolia. Tall-stemmed 
Adam's Needle. 

# # 41 # *--*- *■ * -#- * # * M M-# *♦ 

Generic Characler. — f?ifc Afo. 900. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

YUCCA aloifolia; caudice arborefcente, frugifero foliis ali- 
quoties altiore ; foliis numerofiflTimis, lapfa inferiorum 
excelfe terminalibus, lanceolato-ligulatis, {tricWimis, fub- 
tiliter denticulatis, juxta fupra ba(in anguftatis, interioribus 
ereetius conniventibus ; panicula racemofa, numerofa, fub- 
conferta, pyramidata, divaricata, ramulis laxis ; corolla 
nutante. G. 

YUCCA aloifolia. Linn. Spec. PL ed. 2. 1. 457- Mill. Die?, ed. 
8. n. 2. Hort. Kew. 1. 465. ed. 2. 2. 291. Decand. PL Gr. 
tab. 20. Desfont. Trait e des Arbres. 1. 18. Lit. a Redout t. 
tab. 401, 402. Mich. Bor. Amer. 1. 196. Purjh Amcr. Sept. 
1. 228. 

YUCCA gloriofa. Bot. Repofit. 473; (nee aliorum.) 

Y. arborefcens foliis rigidioribus, reclis, ferratis. Dillen. Hort. 
Ellb. 435. tab. 326. fig. 416. 

ALOE yuccse foliis caulefcens. Pink. Aim. 19. /. 256./ 4. 

A. americana, yuccae foliis arborefcens. Comm. Pr<slud. 64. 
tab. 14. 



The mod lofty of its genus yet known to us ; the ftem rifing 
fometimes to near eighteen feet high even in this country. The leaves 
are narrower and ftiffer than in gloriofa (fee above, No. 1260), 
and their edges finely ferrate and not entire as in that; the 
panicle much clofer flowered, from two to three feet high ; 
flowers fuffufed with purple on the outfide. It does not bloom 
fo freely as the two fpecies already given in this work; and when it 
does the head decays, others fprouting out below. Ufually kept in 
the greenhoufe or confervatory, where we have feen vigorous 
plants, ten feet high and as thick as a man's arm, in garden-pots not 
more than a foot deep. It is faid to thrive better in the open 

ground, 



ground, and to flower there much ftronger, when the feafons are 
favourable. We had not the opportunity of feeing the prefent 
plant, which flowered laft October in the garden of Mrs. 
Walker, at Stockwell. Native of both North and South 
America. Cultivated in 1696, in the King's Garden, at 
Hampton-Court. G. 



ERRATUM. 



No. 744, 1. 13, a pede pag. pro "prater habitum mm bulbofum aliundeque 
deverfum," lege '* habitu fr&terea non bulbofo aliundeque di%>erfo." 



Jtf/^<?/. 




J\ri£"IV~r*n& D *£ 



[ i7°i ] 

SesuviumPortulacastrum(/3) revolutum. 

Purslane-leaved Sesuvium. 

Clafs and Order. 

ICOSANDRIA TRIGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

CaL 5-partitus, coloratus. Petala o. Gz^ovata, 3 — 5-locularis 3 
circumfcifTa, polyiperma. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms, 

SESUVIUM Portulacaflrum; floribus fubfeffilibus. 
SESUVIUM Portulacaflrum. Hort.Kew. ed.alt.%. ^.203. TVilld. 

Sp. PL 2. p. 1009. Decand. PL Graffes 9. Lamarck Illuflr. 

t. 434./. 2. Sivartz ObJ. p. 204- Jacq. Amer. 155. t. 95. 
SESUVIUM Jejflle et revolutum. Perfoon Syn. 2. p. 39. n. 2. *7 3. 
AIZOON canarienfe. Bot. Repof. 201. 
PORTULACA aizoides maritima procumbens, flore purpureo. 

Sloane Hifl. 1. p. 204. 
AIZOON repens, foliis oblongis turgidis, floribus fcflilibus 

fingularibus ad alas. Brown Jam. p. 241. 
CRITHMUS indicus. Rump/ ' Amb. 6. p. 165. /. 72./ 1. f 
(3.) revolutum ; foliis ovato-oblongis margine revolutis. Perfoon Syn. 

2. p. 39. 
SESUVIUM revoluti/olium. Ortega Decad. p. 19. 



Pe rso o n makes three fpecies of Se s u vi u m, viz. pedunculatum y 
fejfile, and revolutum; and quotes the figures of Decandolle's 
Plantes Grafles, at that time unpublifhed, for all of them. But 
as this Botanift has as yet publifhed only one fpecies, and that 
under the name of Portulacaflrum, we cannot abfolutely determine 
on the propriety of Persoon's divifion. Our plant, however, 
differs fo little from Decandolle's figure, that we can confider 

it 



it only as a variety. At the fame time we are inclined to think 
that thofe plants which have flowers on long peduncles, reflected 
as the fruit ripens, may form a fpecies dirtincl: from thofe with 
nearly feflile flowers, as in the two figures in Lamarck's Illustra- 
tions. Judging, however, from the figures given by different 
authors, none of their plants feem to have had entirely feflile 
flowers; and in fome, the length of this part is fuch as to make 
it doubtful to which fpecies they ought to be referred : perhaps, 
therefore, they may be all merely varieties of the fame. 

The fpecies is faid to occur in maritime places both in the 
Eaft and Weft-Indies. Our variety is a native of Cuba. 

Communicated by Mr. Knight, of the Exotic Nurfery, 
King's-Road, flowering in July. 



JV/J02 ■ 




[ 1702 ] 

Hibiscus Manihot. Palmated-leaved 
Hibiscus. 

♦ » $♦»»» ■ » ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦»»» 

Clqfs and Order. 

MONADELPHIA PoLYANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal duplex : exterior polyphyllus. Stigmata 5. Cap/. 5- 
locularis polyfperma. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

HIBISCUS Manihot; foliis palmato-digitatis feptempartitis, 

caule petiolifque inermibus. Sp. PL 980. Willd. 3. p. 825. 

Hort. Kew. ed.alt. 4. p. 229. Mart. Mill Dicl. n. 29. Sabbat. 

Hort. 1. /. 56. Kniph. Cent. 9. n. 47. Gro. Dijf. 3. p. 172. 

/. 63./] 2. Thunb. Jap. 272. 
KETMIA folio manihot ferrato, flore amplo fulphureo. Dill. 

Elth. 189. /. 156./ 189. 
ALCEA finica manihot ftellato folio, capfula longapilofa pyra- 

midata quinquefariam divifa. Pluk. Amalth. 7. /. 355./. 2. 



This beautiful flower is a native of China and Japan, and has 
at times been cultivated in this country fince the year 1712, at 
which period it was fent to the Royal Society as one of the fifty 
fpecimens annually delivered from the Apothecaries Garden at 
Chelfea. 

The genus Hibiscus contains many plants fo differently 
organized, that they might be advantageoufly divided into feveral 
genera. Our friend Mr. Brown has feparated this fpecies with 
fome related ones, having an internal deciduous calyx burfting 
on one fide, and a long pyramidal capfule, and formed them 
into a diftinft genus, under the name of Bamia; but has not, 
as yet, publifhed on the fubjeft. 

Communicated by Mr. Sweet, of the Stockwell Nurfery. 
Flowers in Auguft and September. Is treated as a (love fhrub ; 
but is probably more hardy than is fuppofed, as has been found 
to be the cafe with moft Japan plants. 



C ^z ] 

Helonias bracteata. Leafy-flowered 

Helonias. 

jJ*. j>'<. A .>'«. sU, ?■"«..>',«. >!t .^£..A. «*» <i» ^fniH f *K f «fr *fr >'». 

Cfo/} ##</ Order. 
Hexandria Trigynia. 

Generic Characler. — #afc iVo. 985. 

Spec$c Chamber. 

HELONIAS brafteata; (hermaphrodita) rhizomate horizontali, 
foliis lanceolatis eretius, bracteis flore longioribus, petalorum 
glandulis diftin&is. 



Helonias brafteata has a near affinity to glaberrhna (No. 1 6 80). 
From which it differs in having yellowifh green, not glaucous 
leaves ; flowers larger, feffile, in a denfe fpike, with large ovate- 
acuminate brattes, longer than the corolla, the glands of the 
petals, which in the former fpecies are confluent, in this are quite 
diftinci ; the root in the former is bulbous, in this flefhy, running 
horizontally along the furface of the ground, as in Iris. 

Native of North-America. Introduced by Meffrs. Fraser, 
of Sloane-Square, who communicated the plant from which our 
drawing was made. Flowers in September and Oclober. Seems 
to be a hardy perennial, and may no doubt be propagated by 
cuttings of its flefhy roots. 







:;>iT rj„„„i.n*f. ftiti 4' 'si"*" "SiAw-iOj P&. 




W/J<?f. 



('■'■?' FAvnfrp,./. 






[ 1704 ] 

LACHENALIA QUADRICOLOR (y.) LUTEA. 

Spotted-leaved Yellow Lachenalia. 
$♦»»♦♦♦ • *'♦ ♦"♦ ** ♦■# fc ft ♦ ■ ♦ 

C/^/J ##*/ Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — J7i<? Afr. 993. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

LxACHENALIA quadricolor ; Foliis binis lineari-lanceolatis ca- 
naliculatis furfum explanatis, floribus diftantibus peduncu- 
latis pendulis : petalis exterioribus fere dimidio brevioribus. 
Synonyma pelenda, No. 588 et 1097. 

(a..) foliis omni macula expertibus. Supra No. 588. 

(j3.) foliis maculatis, floribus quadricoloratis. Supra No. 1097. 

(y.) foliis maculatis, floribus concoloribus luteis. 

LACHENALIA luteola. Jacq. Ic. rar. 2. /. 395. quoad figuram 
fine foliis. 



Our Lachenalia quadricolor, though fhewn by Mr. Ker, 
at No. 1097 of the Magazine, to be in reality the original tricolor 
of the firft edition of Aiton's Hortus Kewenfis, is dill referred 
to in the lafl: edition of that work as a variety of pendula. 

We remarked on the publication of variety («) of this fpecies, 
that it came nearer to tricolor than to pendula, and to the former, 
perhaps, all our three varieties might be properly referred. 
Having, however, hitherto retained Jacquin's name of quadri- 
color, we think it beft to continue it, efpecially as it is doubtful 
whether our Lachenalia tricolor (No. 82), and its variety 
(No. 1020) be not really a diftincl fpecies from our varieties 
of quadricolor. 

Jacquin appears to have figured our plant as a mere variety 
of his luteola ,- but as he has not added the leaves, we cannot fay 
how far they may have agreed in this refpeft. He obferves, that 
out of a hundred fpecimens, only two had fpotted leaves ; if the 
figure in queftion belonged to one of thefe, there would be no 
doubt. 

Our drawing was made at Mr. Griffin's, South- Lambeth, 
in Auguft laft. 

Native of the Cape of Good-Hope. Propagated by its bulbs. 
Requires the fame treatment as for other Cape bulbs. 



C 1705 ] 

ilemanthus tigrinus. tlger-spotted 

Blood-flower. 

■»-frfr* -£■»»<»■» $ ft $ $ $■»$•»# 

Clafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Chamber. — Vide No. 1075. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

H^EMANTHUS tigrinus , foliis linguiformibus planis glabris 
margine ciliatis depreffis, umbella coarBata, limbo fta- 
minibufque ereftis. Willd. Sp. PL 2. p. 25. Hort. Kew. ed. 
alt. 2. p. 207. Perfoon Syn. 1. p. 348. n. 5. 

H^MANTHUS tigrinus ; foliis oblongis ciliatis fubtus ma- 
culatis, fcapo raaculato umbella coarBata. Jacq. Hort. 
Schoenb. 1. p. 29. /. 56. 



The leaves of the H* man thus tigrinus appear after the 
flowering is part, are two, broad- tongue-fhaped, flefhy, fmooth, 
ciliated at the margin, lying nearly flat on the ground ; they are 
marked, efpecially towards the bafe, on the under fide, with 
irregular dark iron-coloured fpots, from whence the fpecific 
name. The tube of the corolla is fhort, fomewhat dilated at the 
top and white : the limb erect, pale red. 

The fpecimen figured by Jacquin was not nearly fo large as 
the one from which our drawing was taken, which flowered in 
Auguft laft, in the moft extenfive colleftion of Cape bulbs of 
Mr. Griffin, in South-Lambeth. 







Wm*. * » * 



''^"•SOorar^r P*t 



■jrAr V^^rM ?U f- '<W 



J" t/'mry'S' 



r/3 




w*Ay,rt 



[ *7<tf ] 

DONIA SOUARROSA. Si\ T AKE-HEADED 
DONIA. 

4|h(e %- $-4-$ *- ♦ ♦ $# $♦♦♦♦♦♦ • ♦ 

Clafs and Order. 
Syngenesia Polygamia Superflua, 

Generic Character. 

Recept. nudum. Pappus fetaceus caducus. Calyx imbricatus, 
hemifphaericus. Brown. 

Specific CharatJcr and Synonyms. 

DONIA fqmrrqfa ; herbacea ; foliis oblongis amplexicaulibus 
ferratis, calycinis fquamis apice filiformibus revoluto 
fquarrofis. Purjh FL Am. Sept. 559. 



This genus was named by Mr. Brown, in honour of the 
late Mr. George Don, a celebrated Scottifh Botanilt, whofe 
dircoveries have made fo many additions to the Britifh Flora. 
It was taken up from the Aster glutinofus of Prof. Cavanilles, 
a native of Mexico, with a fhrubby ftem, and fome other un- 
publifhed fpecies. 

Don 1 a fquarrofa is a herbaceous perennial, native of open 
meadows on the banks of the Miflburi; and, as we learn from 
Mr. Lambert's Herbarium, was firft difcovered in the camp, 
near the old.Maha village, by Mr. Lewis, on the 17th of 
Auguft 1804. We believe it was firft introduced to this country 
by Mr. Nuttal. 

Mr. Pursh fays, that the whole plant is vifcous, and has a 
ftrong refinous or balfamic fcent ; to us thefe qualities feemed 
to be confined chiefly, if not altogether, to the calyx and 
corolla, and more efpecially to the latter. 

Our drawing was taken at MefTrs. Fr aser's American Nurfery, 
Sloane-Square. We were favoured with other fpecimens by Mr. 
Anderson, from the garden of James Vere, Efq. and alfo 
from Boyton, the feat of A. B. Lambert, Efq. Flowers from 
Auguft to November. Propagated by feeds or parting its roots. 



j7/c.y. 




[ W7 ] 
Petalostemum violaceum. Purple- 
flowered Petalostemon. 

Oafs and Order. 

DlADELPHIA PENTANDRIA. 

Generic Charatler, 

Ccr. nulla, ejus loco filamenta 5, fterilia, petaliformia, ferti- 
libus alternantia. Legumen calyce tectum, 1-fpcrmum. 

Specific Characler a?id Synonyms. 

PETALOSTEMUM violaceum; capitulis ovato-oblongis, caly- 
cibus pilofis, bra&eis deciduis, foliis fubbijugis linearibus. 

PETALOSTEMUM violaceum; fpica cylindrica pedunculata, 
brafteis calycem fubsequantibus, bracleolis fpathulatis de- 
' ciduis, calycibus fericeis, foliis bijugis linearibus. Purjb 
FL Amer. Sept. p. 461. 

PETALOSTEMUM violaceum; pubens ; foliolis linearibus: 
bra&eis brevioribus; bracteolis fpathulatis deciduis: petalis 
rofaceo-violaceis. Michaux FL Bar. Amer. 2. p. 50. /. 37. 
f.%. 

DALEA vio/acea. Wild. Sp. PI. 3. p. 1337. 



The purple Petalostemum, as an ornamental Bower, is by 
no means defpicable, but is more remarkable for its lingular 
ftru&ure : being a diadelphous plant without any proper corolla, 
having nine united and one detached filament, as is molt ufual in 
the clafs. But the alternate filaments are barren, coloured, and 
expanded at top into a petal-like appendix. The folitary fila- 
ment is longer than the reft, channelled on the upper fide, co- 
loured, and expanded into a boat-lhaped extremity; which as it 
occupies the place of, fo it feems a fort of attempt towards, the 
formation of a vexillum. The fertile filaments are longer than 
the others and farther detached than is ufual : the anthers are 
nearly globular 3 and abound with a bright orange-coloured 

pollen. 



pollen. The unripe germen certainly contains two ovula, but 
one feed only probably comes to perfection. The calyx is in- 
flated, white, five-toothed : teeth hairy. 

That this plant has no real corolla was remarked by Thomas 
Nuttal, Efq. who firft introduced it to this country. We 
received living fpecimens from this gentleman in the autumn of 
1813, which flowered in the open ground, near Liverpool, but 
from the abfence of our draughtlman could not get it drawn at 
that time. We are informed by Mr. Nuttal, that this plant 
forms one of the principal decorations of the vaft plains of the 
Illinois, Tennaflee, and Louifiana, but its native country ap- 
pears to be particularly in the upper part of this laft ftate, to 
the bafe of the rocky mountains or Northern Cordillera, from 
whence it has been propagated eaftward by the great rivers that 
meander through thel'e regions. 

Collected by Mr. Nuttal, in the vicinity of St. Louis, 
lat. 38= 43". 

Our drawing was taken at MefTrs. Fraser's American 
Nurfery, Sloane- Square, laft October. It is a tolerably hardy 
perennial, but requires to be protected from froft. 



TtjOi 




\ 



C 1708 ] 

B4UHINIA porrecta. Smooth-leaved 
Mountain Ebony. 

Clafs and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-fidus deciduals. Petala patula, oblonga unguiculata : 
fuperiore magis diftante ; omnia calyci inferta. Legumen. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

BAUHINIA prrccla; floribus raonandris, pedunculis laxe 

racemofis, petalis lanceolatis : unguibus filiformibus, foliis 

cordatis : lobis trinerviis. 
BAUHINIA porretta; foliis cordatis: lobis porre&is acutis 

trinerviis, petalis lanceolatis. Hort. New. ed. 1. 2. p. 48. 

cd. alt. 3. p. 23. IVitld. Sp. PL 2. />. 510. Swartz Prod. 

66. cui flores fubdecandri. 
BAUHINIA porreBa ; floribus diadelphis fubdecandris, foliis 

cordatis, lobis femiovatis acutis fubquadrinerviis, petalis 

lanceolatis. Jacq. Hort. Schoenb. 1. p. 52. /. 100. 
BAUHINIA foliis bilobis fpicis laxis terminalibus. Brown 

Jam. 286. 
BAUHINIA non aculeata, folio ampliori et bicorni. Plum. 

Gen. 23. 1c. 44. f. 2. ? 
SENNjE fpuriae aut Afpalatho affinis arbor filiquofa, foliis 

binis. Sloane Jain. 150. Hijl. 1. p. 51. 



The genus Bauhinia was named by Plumier, in honour 
of John and Caspar Bauh in, the moll celebrated Botanifts 
of their day; and Linn a us has ingenioufly connected the 
plant with the name, by comparing the two lobed leaves, or 
as it were two leaves iffuing from the fame bafe, with the 

above-named 



above-named pair of noble brothers. Such allufions ferve at 
leaft to rivet the name in the memory. 

This fpecies and divaricata are both monandrous, or have in 
general only one fertile ftamen, which is diitintt, and much 
itouter and longer than the other nine connected filaments 
without anthers, or with only imperfecl ones. It happens, how- 
ever, that now and then one or another filament gfows longer 
than the reft, and has a fmall polliniferous anther. 

Native of the Weft-Indies. The leaves appear to vary con- 
fiderably. One fpecimen in the Bankfian Herbarium, from the 
Ifland of St. Kitts, has leaves with obtufe lobes exactly re- 
fembling thofe of our plant, others are iharper and more 
lengthened at the point. 

Communicated by our friend John Walker, Efq. of 
Arno's-Grove, in October laft. 

Varies, according to Sir Hans Sloan e, with red and with 
variegated flowers. The wood is very hard and veined with 
black, hence the name of Ebony. 



Jitjep. 




i *7°9 ] 

LlATRIS SCARIOSA. SCARIOUS-CUPPED 
LlATRIS. 

CAz/3 <z«<i Order. 

SYNGENESIA POLYGAMIA yE^UALIS. 

Generic Charatler. 
Recept. nudum. Cal. oblongus, imbricatus. Pappus plumofus. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

LlATRIS fcariofa : foliis lanceolatis integerrimis glabris, 
calycibus globofis inferne fquarrofis diitin&is : fquamis 
rotundatis membranaceo-marginatis. 

LlATRIS fcariofa; caule fimplici fubpubefcente, foliis lanceo- 
latis utrinque attenuatis glabris margine fcabris, calycibus 
racemofis alternis diftantibus inferne fquarrofis; fquamis 
fpathulatis margine membranaceo-coloratis. Purfh Fl. 
Amer. Sept. 509. 

LlATRIS fcariofa. Willd. Sp. PL 3. p. 1635. Hort. Kew. cd. 
alt. 4. p. 503. 

LlATRIS fquarruhfa; Michaux FL Bar. Amer. 2. p. 92. 

SERRATULA fcariofa; foliis lanceolatis integerrimis calycibus 
fquarrofis pedunculatis obtufis. Linn. Sp. PL 1147. 

EUPATORIO afhnis americana bulbofa, floribus fcariofis 
calyculis conte&is. Pluk. Aim. 142. /. 177. f. 4. 



Descr. Stem four-feet high, upright, fimple, pubefcent. 
Leaves narrow-lanceolate, quite entire, dotted with pellucid 
glands, fmooth, except at the edge, which is roughened by a 
row of fliff hairs hardly vifible to the naked eye. Braftcs like 
the leaves but narrowed from the bafe to the point. Flowers 
diftincl:, but near together, in a long raceme on fhort peduncles^ 
fometimes without and fometimes with one or two fquamous 
bracles. Calyx, before the flower appears globular, afterwards 
oval : the lower fcales reflexed 3 upper ones erect, rounded at 

the 



the point with a membranaceous border. Receptacle naked- but 
m the circumference appears as if chaffy from abortive florets 
Tube of corolla inflated in the middle : limb 5-cleft, ered, acute' 
Anthers dark purple. Germen hairy, crowned with a toothed 
pappus: Jlyle oblique: fiignms clubfhaped, far exceeding the 
corolla in length. ° 

The fpecimen from which the above description was taken 
was lent us from his garden at Boy ton, by our friend Aylmer 

B °, URK , E 1 ^f MBER , T » E{q ' The f P lke of flowers was a foot 
and a half long, the upper ones bloffoming firft and gradually 
defcendmg, but nearly the whole were expanded before any 
began to rade. Upon the whole it is among the handfomeft of 
the lyngenefious plants. It is particularly adapted to the flower 
pot, as it will live and continue to blow in water for weeks 
together. 

Our drawing was taken at Mr. Knight's Exotic Nurfery, in 
the Kings-Road, Little Chelfea, in October 1813. 

Native of the mountain paftures in Virginia and Carolina. 
A hardy perennial. Propagated by parting its roots or by feed. 




Xl/iv. 






n<H^ r /hTfo WoArcrti 



C 1710 ] 

Sarracenia variolaris. Hook-leaved 
Side-saddle-flower. 

Oafs and Order. 

POLYANDRIA MoNOCYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal duplex, 3-phyllus et 5-phyllus. Cap/. 5-locularis. Stylus 
lugmate clypeatus. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

SARRACENIA variolaris; foliis tubulatis lonoimdine 
pedunculi : valva fubrotunda inflexa : tubi dorfo fupeme 
maculate 

SARRACENIA variolaris; foliis elongatis, tubo fuperne 
dorfo maculato, in appendieem fornicatim incurvatum 
brevem definente, ala ventrali lineari-lanceolata. Michaux, 
Flor. Bor. Amer. 1. p. 310. Pnrfb FL Amer. Sept. 367. 
Perfoon Synopf 2. p. 62. 

SARRACENIA adunai; foliis tubulatis longitudine peduncuii: 
valva fubrotunda inflexa. Smith Exot. Bot. 1. p. 103. /. zo. 
Hort. Kew. cd. alt. p. 291. 

SARRACENIA minor. tValter FL Carol. i 53 . mild. Sp. 
PL 1150. 2. p. 6. Perfoon Syn. 2. p. 62. 



The Sarracenia variolaris is at once diflinguifhed from 
fiava, by its fmaller fize ; fpreading, not dependent petals; and 
the diaphanous fpotting at the upper part of the back of the 
tube of the leaf. 

Our friend, Sir James E. Smith, feemingly not aware that 
thisipecies had been pre vioufly defcri bed by Michaux, in his 
-kxouc Botany, gave it the name of adunca ; whence it has been 

infertcd 



inferted in the Hortus Kewenfis. Willdenow contiaues 
Walter's name of minor; and Persoon has given both minor 
and variolaris as two fpecies. 

Native of Carolina. Flowers at different feafons. Our 
drawing was taken laft March, at Meffrs. Lee and Kennedy's, 
by whom it was firft introduced in 1803. Mr. Pursh fays, 
the Sarracenias bear cultivation, in pots filled halfway with 
Bog-Mofs, extremely well. This fpecies feems to flower beft 
in an airy part of the ftove. 



1 ;'//// 




[ i/ii ] 

Matthiola odoratissima. Persian 
Stock* 

♦ $$ ♦ $ fr ♦ $ » 4H $ » » $ » j » » 

C/^/j aw;/ Order. 
Tetradynamia Siliquosa. 

Generic Characler. 

Siliqua (teres v. comprefla) coronatay?/g;»tf/<?conniventi bilobo. 
lobis vel dorfo incraffatis tuncque cotyledonibus incurnbentibus ; 
vel bafi cufpide ftipatis. Calyx claufus. Filamenta longiora di- 
latata. Brown. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

MATTHIOLA odoratitftma ; (fligmate fubfimplici) foliis to- 
mentofis lyrato-finuatis, filiquis compreflis, tomentofis la?- 
vibus. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 4. p. 1 20. 

CHEIRANTHUS odoratiQimus. Wild. Sp. PL 3. p. 514. Fjufd. 
Enum. 682. Pallas Ind. Taur. in Nov. Acl. Petrop. 10. p. 

3'4- 
CHEIRANTHUS odoratiflimus ; foliis runcmatis tomentofis, 
filiquis linearibus compreflis, fligmate bilobo terminatis, 
caule fuffruticofo. Marfchall ab Bieb. Fl. Taur-Caucaf. 
p. 122. 



Mr. Brown, in the new edition of the Hortus Kewenfis, 
has divided the old genus Cheiranthus into feveral genera, 
devoting a part thereof to the commemoration of the celebrated 
commentator on Diofcorides, Peter And. Matthiolus; 
the former genus, afligned to him by Plumier, having been 
proved to be the fame with Guettarda. This genus con- 
tains, befides the prefent plant, Cheiranthus incana : fene- 
firalis ; fimiata ; tricufpidata ; parviflora ,• &c. 

The leaves of the Persian Stock, are extremely variable 
in their figurej being fometimes quite entire, fomctimes only 

flightly 



(lightly toothed, but more frequently finuately pinnatifid, and 
always much the broadest towards the point. The whole plant 
is tomentofe. 

This fpecies has great affinity with Matthiola (Chei- 
ranthus) trijlis, 729 of this work; and, like it, does better 
treated as a greenhoufe plant, than expofed to our winters in 
the open ground. The flowers are much larger and of a brighter 
colour than thofe of trijlis ; and have the fame fragrant fmell 
after lun-fet. 

Our drawing was taken from a plant communicated by Mr. 
Salisbury, from the Botanic Garden, in Sloane-Street, in 
May laft. We were favoured with fine fpecimens the year 
before, by Mr. Whitley, from the Fulham Nurfery. 

Introduced to the Kew Garden, by the Right Hon. Sir 
Joseph Banks, Bart. K. B. in 1797. 



[ 1712 ] 

OXAL1S VARIABILIS, Vdr. RUBRA. ReD- 
FLOWERED VARIABLE WOOD-SORREL* 

♦fr fr ^ M M** **** ♦ »< %p ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 

Oafs and Order, 
Decandria Pentagynia. 

Generic CharaBer. 

Cat. 5-phyllus. Petala 5, unguibus connexa. Stam. inae- 
qualia ; 5 breviora exteriora bafi connata. Cap/, angulis de- 
hifcens. 5-gona. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

OX ALIS variabilis ; acaulis, fcapo unifloro foliis longiorc 
flaccido, foliis ternatis fubrotundis : foliolo intermedio 
cuneiformi, flylis ftaminibus exterioribus brevioribus. 
Willd. Sp. PL 2. p. 777. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 3. p. 120. 

OX ALIS variabilis. Jacq. Oxal. 89. /. 52 et 53. 

(*.) albiflora. Vide Jupra No. 1683. 

(j3.) rubra. Scapis petiolo longioribus, limbo corolU rubro. 

OX ALIS variabilis. (3. flore rubro. Jacq. Oxal. 89. /. 53. 

OXALIS purpurea. TbunL Difl. No. 8. p. 12. v. *. Jacq. 
Oxal. n. 70. /. 56 f Sp. PL 621. 

OXALIS Jpeciofa. Jacq. Oxal. n. 74. /. 60 f 

OXALIS Jugillata. Jacq. Oxal. n. 75. /. 61 t 

OXYI affinis planta bulbofa africana, flore purpureo magno. 
Breyn. Cent. p. 102. /. 46. 

OXYS bulbofa africana rotundifolia caulibus et floribus pur- 
pureis amplis. Commel. Hort. 1. p. 41. t. 21. 



It appears to us that Jacquin, in his elaborate and excel- 
lent Monograph on this genus, has multiplied the fpecies 
beyond what nature warrants. We fufpeft, that all that we 
have quoted in the prefent article are only varieties. And 

the 



the lynonyms quoted from Breyne and Commelin un- 
doubtedly belong to our fpecies. 

Native of the Cape of Good-Hope. Flowers from September 
to November. Communicated by Meffrs. Loddiges and 
Sons. 



ERRATUM. 

No. 1683, 1. 14, pro (y) lege («}. 




AJ •W dr/w *k/w-e ■rAt-t4her. rst.r 



[ ^^3 ] 

PROTEA FORMOSA. CrOWN-FLOWERED 

Protea. 

C/tf/y «K^ Order. 
Tetrandria Monocynia. 

Generic Charatler. 

Petala 4, quorum 3 fuperne cohaerentia. Anthers apicibus 
concavis corollae immerfe. Nux fupera undique barbata, ftylo 
perfiftente coronata. Brown. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

PROTEA formofa ; foiiis oblongo-ellipticis marginatis, invo- 
lucri bra£leis fpathulatis extcrne fericeis, corollis tomentofis, 
ftylo apice curvato, fligmate apice incraffato. 

PROTEA formofa ; foiiis angufto-oblongis venofis obliquis : 
bafi fimplici ; marginibus ramifque tomentofis, involucri 
brafteis ciliatis : intimis lingulatis imberbibus, corollis arif- 
tifque tomentofis, ftylo glabro apice curvato, fligmate 
apice incraffato. Brown in Linn. Soc. Tranfacl. v. 10. p. 79. 
Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 1 . p. 1 89. 

PROTEA coronata. Bot. Repof. 469. 

ERODEN DRU M fortnofum ; foiiis ellipticis margine craflTo, 
tenellis tomentofis : bracleis involucri fimbriatis, inferiori- 
bus inter fe liberis : corolla extus tomentofa, apice valde 
attenuata: antherisperanguftis: ftigmatis apice cralfo. Parad. 
Land. 76. 



Our drawing of this beautiful Protea was taken at MefTrs. 
Lee and Kennedy's, Hammerfmith, where there are varieties 
with red, white, and bluifh flowers. Flowers in May. Native 
of the Cape of Good-Hope, growing in the mountains of Hot- 
tentots-Holland, from whence it was introduced in 1789, by 
Mr. Francis Masson. 



ftfjH. 



C *7*4 ] 

polygala mixta. heath-leaved 
Milk-wort. 

sk. jk jk jk. >k..>k, 2k..&..»k, jk,ili..!k. ?k..>k. A. «!» jk. *S» 4s. 

Oafs and Order. 

DlADELPHIA OCTANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-phyllus : foliolis 2 alseformibus coloratis. Legwnen 
obcordatum biloculare. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

POLYGALA mixta; floribus imberbibus folitariis feflilibus, 
foliis fafciculatis teretibus mucronulatis. 

POLYGALA mixta; floribus imberbibus feflilibus, foliis te- 
retibus mucronatis confertiflimis. Linn. Suppl. PL 316. 
Willd. Sp. PL 3. p. 891. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 4. p. 245. 
Bot. Repqf. 455. 

POLYGALA mixta ,* floribus imberbibus lateralibus, foliis 
fafciculatis trigonis ereclis mucronato fpinofis. Thunb. 

Prod. 121. 



Descr. Stem fhrubby, with long flexile branches. Leaves 
fubulate, rigid, fmooth, terminated with a minute oblique 
mucro, collected in fafcicles of five or fix growing from the 
fame point. Thefe fafcicles are crowded together, oppofne at 
the lower part of the branch, giving a verticillate appearance ; 
but nearer the extremity they are alternate. Flowers folitary, 
feflile, or on very fhort pedicles, in the axils of the leaves. 
Calyx fmall, the lateral fegments larger than the reft, but feldom, 
ii ever, coloured. Corolla femipapilionaceous, having no vex- 
illum ; al<e rigid, ereft, fubulate, white. Carina deeply chan- 
nelled, of a faturated purple within : fides folded together, fo as 

to 



to include and firmly embrace the Jlyle and JJamens, which, when 
arrived at maturity, upon being moved, efcape elaftically from 
their confinement, and flrike againft the two ereft petals or alee, 
by which the pollen is difperfed. The apex of the carina is 
expanded into a two-lobed, plain petal y the lobes of which are 
emarginate. This appendix is of a bright rofe colour, and 
forms the principal part of the flower ; and, difperfed amongft 
the green foliage in every part of the fhrub, gives it a pretty 
lively appearance. It continues in bloffom alraolt throughout the 
year. 

The fpecific name was probably given it from its mixed re- 
femblance of Polygala alopecuroides and Heijleria ; not, as has 
been faid, from the manner in which the flowers and leaves are 
mixed together. 

Native of the Cape of Good-Hope. Requires the protection 
of the greenhoufe. Introduced by Mr. F. Masson 3 in 1789. 
Communicated by Meffrs. Loddiges and Sons. 



JG/tf. 




£Vt*yb* 



POLYGALA STIPULACEA. StIPULED 

Milk-wort. 

Clafs and Order, 

DlADELPHIA OCTANDRIA. 

Generic CbaracJer. 

Cal 5-phyllus : foliolis duobus alaeformibus, coloratis, 
Legumen obcordatum, biloculare. 

Specific Character and Synonyms, 

POLYGALA flipulacea ; floribus imberbibus axillaribus fub- 

folitariis foliis fafciculatis teretibus mucronulatis fubternis, 

ftipula concava obtufiffima. 
POLYGALA flipulacea ; floribus imberbibus lateralibus, caule 

fuffruticofo, foliis ternis linearibus acutis. Linn. Mant. 260. 

Burm. Prod. 20. Willd. Sp. PL 3. p. 892. Hort. Keiv. ed. 

alt. 4. p. 246. 
POLYGALA flipulacea; floribus imberbibus lateralibus, foliis 

folitariis filiformibus mucronatis glabris. Tbunb. Prod. 1 2 1 ? 
HEISTERIA mitior. Berg. Cap. 187. 
SPARTIUM africanum frutefcens, ericasfolio. Com. Hort. 2, 

P- 193- '• 97- 
SUFFRUTEX ericae forma, flore rubro elegantiffimo. Seb. 
Muf. 2. p. 63./. 62./. 8. 



Descr. Stem fhrubby : branches jfhort, rigid. Leaves in 
fafcicles, more ufually four together than three, rounded, 
thickened upwards, blunt-pointed with a minute oblique mucro. 
Each fafcicle is fupported by a fliort, thick, blunt, hollowed 
Jlipule. Calyx five-leaved : leaflets lanceolate, involving one 
another without any lateral petal-like expanfion. Flowers 
axillary, growing fingly or two together, of the brighteft purple 

colour 



colour variegated with white. • Corolla very like that of mixta, 
but the aU are tipped with purple, and the appendices of the 
carina are much more brilliant. The germen in this fpecies, 
in mixta, in Hei/leria, and probably in the whole fection, ex- 
cept P. Cham<ebuxus, is terminated with four tooth-like procefies. 
This character, together with the want of the petal-like expan- 
fion of the calyx, feem to us to have been fufficient to reftore 
Lin nous's original genus of Heisteria. 

The fynonym always quoted from Thun berg is rendered 
doubtful, by his defcribing the leaves as being folitary, fili- 
form, and acute ; which terms are in no refpeS applicable to 
our plant. 

A hardy greenhoufe fhrub j native of the Cape of Good- 
Hope. Flowers almoft throughout the year. Introduced in 
1791. Communicated by Meffrs. Loddiges and Son. 



yT///^ 





>/A iyuT 




[ i7i6 ] 

Verbesina alata. Wing-stalked 
Verbesina. 

C/3A ««/ Onfcr. 
Syngenesia Polygamia Superflua. 

Gemric Character. 

Recept. paleaceum. Pappus ariftatus. Cal. duplici ordine. 
Flofculi radii circiter 5. 

Specific Cbaracler and Synonyms. 

VERBESINA alata; foliis alternis decurrentibus undulatis 

obtafis. Willd.Sp. PL 3. p. 2221. Enum.g17.H0rt.Kew. 

ed. alt. 5. p. 120. Scbkuhr handb. 3. />. 145. /. 256. Mart. 

Mil. Dicl. n. 1. G^r/. Fra#. 2. 457. /. 171. ^war/z Obf, 

313. A*/)i>. £?«/. 4. No. 93. 
VERBESINA foliis oblongo-ovatis fubdentatis recurrentibus, 

floribus remotis terminalibus. Brown Jam. 319. 
CANNABIS indica, foliis integris, alato caule. Magn. Hort. 

40. ic. 
CHRYSANTHEMUM cannabinum americanum alatum, flore 

aphyllo globofo aurantio, baccharidis folio. Shane Hijl. l. 

261. Commel. Hort. 1. p. 5. /. 3. 
CHRYSANTHEMUM curafTavicum alato caule floribus au- 

rantiis. Hertn. Parad. 125. ic. Morif. Hijl. 3. p. 25. n. 87. 
CHRYSANTHEMUM americanum bidens alatum 3 flore parvo 

aurantiaco. Pluk. Aim. 100. t. 84./ 3. 
CHRYSANTHEMUM conyzoide curaflavicum, abrotani fe- 

minae flore aurantio. Folk. North, 106. ic. 



Verbesina alata differs from the reft of the genus not only 
in habit, but in having numerous florets in the radius, although 
thefe are fo fhort that at firft fight the flower appears to have 
no radius at all; and alfo in having the feeds marginated with a 

vhiic 



white membrane, with one arifta, hooked at the point and 
longer than the other. 

When firft raifed from feeds, the whole plant is hoary • but 
on the fecond year, the hoarinefs is depofited, and the colour 
of the leaves becomes of a fine dark green, which, contrafted 
with the brilliant orange- coloured flowers, adds much to the 
pleafing€flfea. So that thofe who treat it as an annual plant, 
never fee it in its moft perfeQ flate. 

Native of South-America and the Weft-Indies. Requires to 
be kept in the flove. Flowers moft part of the fummer. Cul- 
tivated, as we learn from Mori son, in the Botanic Garden at 
Uxtord, in 1699. Our drawing was taken at the Right Hon. 
Lord Holland's, in Auguft 1812. 




jV*/prj7. 



C 1717 ] 

Protea latifolia. Rayed-flowered 
Protea. 

Tetrandria Monogynia, 
Generic Character. — Vide No. 1713. 

Specific Character and Synonym*. 

PROTEA latifolia; foliis late-ovatis femicordatis feflilibus, in- 
volucre) fericeo tomentofo ; brafteis interioribus anguftatis 
apice dilatato barbato, corolla tomentofa : ariftis hirfutis 
longitudine larainarum, ftylo pubefcenti. Brown in Tranjl, 
Linn. Soc. v. 10. p. 75. 

PROTEA radiata. Bot. Repof. 646. 

ERQDENDRUM eximium. Salijh. et Knight Trot. 41 ? 



Our drawing of this beautiful fpecies of Protea was taken 
at Mr. Knight's Exotic Nurfery, in the King's-Road, Little 
Chelfea, in Auguft 1811. 

A variety, with greenifh white flowers, is cultivated at the 
Hammerfmith Nurfery, Meffrs. Lee and Kennedy. 

The Proteas are much admired for the variety, Angularity, 
and frequently the fplendour of their flowers ; the beauty of 
which confifts chiefly in the involucrum. 

Thefe plants have generally been confidered as very difficult 
of propagation, and not lets fo of prefervation. But our mo- 
dern cultivators have arrived at a better mode of treatment 
than was known in the days of Philip Miller. Mr. Joseph 
Knight, in an Eflay on the Cultivation of the Natural Order 
of Proteae, has given very full diredions for their management j 
and ftill more ample details may be found in the fecond edition 
of the Exotic Gardener, by J. Cushing, foreman to Meffrs. 
Lee and Kennedy. We are obliged for the following fatis- 

fa&ory 



faftory mode of managing them, to Mr. R. Sweet, late of the 
Stockwell Nurfery, where we have obferved thefe plants to 
look remarkably well. 

Cultivation of the Natural Order of Prote Ace,e. 

In the firft place, it is neceffary that the pots mould be well 
drained; lor which purpofe, place over the hole in the bot- 
tom a piece of potfherd, then place another piece againft it, fo 
as to leave a hollow j after that put in a handful of potiherd, 
broken into pieces not larger than peas, and over thefe pieces 
Kill Imaller, till the pot is nearly one third-part full. This is 
applicable to the management of plants of almoft every family; 
for, by thefe means, the water foaks gradually off, and the 
mould is not allowed to get fodden. 

In the next place, for the genera Protea, Leucadendron, 
Leucofpermum, Spatalla, Sorocephalus, and Aulax ; (vide 
B r ow n s Proteacea in the TranfaBms of the Unnean Society, vol. i o.) 
all the fpecies delight in a compofition of rather more than one- 
third fand, and the reft light loam without any peat. The 
genera Serruna, Nivenia, Grevillea, Hakea, Petrophila, Ifo- 
pogon, Bankha, Dryandra, Lomatia, and Telopea, fucceed beft 
m three parts of peat, two parts loam, and one part fand. 
\V hen potted, they do not require any particular care more than 
other greenhoufe plants, except to let them have plenty of air, 
to avoid letting them flag for want of water, and never to water 
them over the leaves in cloudy weather. 

With regard to their propagation, let the wood be firft 
ripened, then take off the cuttings as nearly as poffible between 
he laft and pre lent year's moot, pare them fmooth, and plant 
them in a pot of fand, not too clofe together, as they are apt to 
get the damp amongft them, which readily fpreads from one to 
another. Let the pots be then placed in the propagation- 
houfe, watering them whenever they want it, but not over the 

t'c a 5-« hlS , Way Mr " SwEET has never fo und any of the 
luppofed difficulty m ftdking any of this natural order; and 

M^l° P ?'fi a Em A bo f hrium Jp^ioMmum of the Botanical 
iMagazine, he finds to ftnke as readily as any. 



Jf/J/X. 




2*u&, £y c'~ Cuffif Wpl-treri/ii-fyi/r t /+*&, 



FJhft* 



C ^ ] 

Pelargonium radicatum. Fleshy 

FRINGED-LEAVED Cr ANE'S-BILL. 

Clafs and Order. 

MONADELPHIA PeNTANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Col. 5-partitus : lacinia fuprema definente in tubulum capil- 
larem, nectariferum, fecus pedunculum decurrentern. Cor. 
5-petala, irregularis. Filam. 10, insequalia, quorum 3 — 6 caf- 
trata. Arilli 5, monofpermi, ariltati, ad bafrn receptaculi 
roftrati ariftis fpiralibus introrfum barbatis. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

PELARGONIUM radicatum; (acaulks radice rapacea) um- 
bella fimplici, foliis ellipticis intcgerrimis ciliatis, petalis 
fuperioribus bafi macula duplici interrupts lineari notatis. 
Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 4. p. 160. Epf't. 209. 

PELARGONIUM radicatum ,- umbellis fimplicibus, foliis 
ovali-oblongis, integerrimis, glabris, margine ciliatis, flo- 
ribus pentandris ; petalis retufis. Vent, Hort. Malm. 65. 

GERANIUM ciliatum. And. Repof. 247. 



Monf. Ventenat, who has given an excellent figure of this 
plant in the Jardin de Malmaifon, confiders it to be diflincTt 
from the Pelargonium ciliatum of L'Heretier, and has 
been followed by Mr. Dryander in the new edition of the 
Hortus Kewenfis. The ciliatum of Cavanilles and of 
J acq u in, are alfo fuppofed by Ventenat to be at the fame 
time different from our plant and from one another. The lat- 
ter differs remarkably in the ftrong hairinefs of the leaves over 
both furfaces. 

This fpecies, as b the cafe with mod, if not with all in the 
turnip-rooted divifions, has only five fertile ftamens, and the 

pedicles. 



pedicles are erea while the flowers are in bud as well as when 
expanded : charaBers which, we have before remarked, feem 
iufficient to feparate them into a diftinci genus. 

A tender greenhoufe plant. Native of the Cape of Good 
Hope. Communicated by Mr. Knight, of the Exotic 
Nurfery, and alfo by Meffrs. Colville and Son, of the 
King's-Road, who firft introduced it in 1802. Flowers in 
June and July. 



C 1719 3 

Sprengelia incarnata. Flesh-coloured 
Sprengeha. 

u* v *i v *V* T* *r v *r v v 'C "i* "Sy^i* >i<r -/jc T-f-v^ 7£-»|rip>-^r jjr 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-partitus, perfiflens. Cor. 5-partita. Stan, receptaculo 
inferta. Cap/. 5-locularis, 5-valvis: diflepimentis e medio vaL 
vularunij placentis columnar ccntrali adnatis. 

Specific Name and Synonyms. 

SPRENGELIA incarnata; anthcris connatis barbatis, calv- 
cibus coloratis, foliis longe acuminatis. Brown Prod. 

P- 555- 
SPRENGELIA incarnata. Smith's Trails, 272. /. 2. etinAtl- 
Stockh. anno 17945 />. 260. t. 8. Bot. Repof. 2. Willd. Sp. 
PL 1. p. 833. Hort. Keiv. ed. alt. 1. p. 320. Epit. 45. 



The Sprengelia incarnata is a very ornamental flowering 
fhrub of fmall nature, fir ft defcribed and figured by Sir James 
Ed. Smith, in the Tranfaclions of the Royal Academy of 
Sciences at Stockholm, and afterwards in Englifh, with a figure 
from a living fpecimen, in a volume of trafts relating to natural 
hiftory, naming it in honour of Christian Conrad Spren- 
gel, Profeflbr of Botany at Halle. 

The flowers, which are very numerous, are produced at the 
extremities of the fhort branches, and are of long continuance. 
The calyx and corolla being much alike, and the lacinia? of 
the latter, which are nearly white, with a pink tinge, exactly 
alternating with the fegments of the calyx, of a deeper rofe 
colour, give a brilliancy to what might otherwife be confidercd 

as rather an infignificant flower. 

This 



This plant is well defcribed by Smith ; but, according to 
Brown, the corolla is at firft monopetalous, with a very fhort 
tube, though it is finally divided to the bafe. The latter author 
has defcribed two fpecies, in the firft of which only, our prefent 
plant, the anthers are coherent ; a circumftance which entirely 
deflroys the value of this character. 

Native of New South-Wales. Is readily propagated by 
cuttings j and requires the fame treatment as the Cape Heaths. 
Introduced in 1793, by MefTrs. Lee and Kennedy. Com- 
municated by Mr. R. Sweet. 



tf//2l>. 




■>-a—J c r\v~£-. r ' r - 



7>f& tynMnm Wf»Mm/4,pir* //* 



[ 1 7 20 ] 

Erica Lawsoni. Lawson's Heath. 

Clafs and Order. 

OcTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Generic Characleu 

Cat. 4-phyllus. Cor. perfiftens : limbo 4-fido. Anther* ante 
anthefm per foramina 2 lateralia connexee. Cap/. 4— 8-locularis, 
4 — 8-valvis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Seel. III. Coniflor* grandes. Corollse in/erne diktat* femuncia Ion- 
mores. B. Antherae mutic* Flores terminates. 

ERICA Laivfoni; bradeis calyci proximis, foliolis calycinis 
fubulatisj ftigmate exferto, foliis ciliatis floribufque qua- 
ternis. 



Descr. Stem a low, upright, pyramidal, branched fhrub. 
Leaves four together, oblong, ciliated at the edge with ftiff 
fhort hairs, which are branched at the point of the leaf only, as 
far as we have obferved, and there barely vifible to the naked 
eye. Flowers, which are of a bright rofe colour, grow at the 
extremities of the branches, either fingly, or more generally 
four together ; but on the leading branches, the {hoot growing 
out beyond them, the flowers become in confequence axillary. 
Calyx of four fubulate leaflets, ciliated at the edge and coloured 
at the tip j braHes two, clofe to and like the calyx, but only 
half the length j there is a third at the bafe of the very fhort 
peduncle, but this we rather regard as the terminal leal, from 
the axil of which the peduncle grows; nor is it coloured like 
the other two. Corolla urceolate : tube about an inch long, di- 
lated and fomewhat diaphanous at the bafe, contraQed upwards : 
laciniae of the limb ovate-acute with the margins more or lels 

rolled 



rolled inwards. Filaments almoit as tine as a fpider's thread : 
anthers beardlefs, within the tube. Germen oblong, without 
glands at the bale : Jiigma dark purple, nearly globular, without 
the tube. 

This plant has very near affinity with Erica tenuiflora of the 
Hortus Kewenfis, from which it differs, not only in the colour 
of its flowers, but in having ciliated leaves and an exferted 
fligma. In many refpects it correfponds alfo with Erica 
ferntlata, though the form of the corolla removes it into a dif- 
ferent fettion. 

Our drawing was made from a plant communicated by 
Mr. R. Sweet. We have been favoured alfo with a fpeci- 
men of the fame, from Meffrs. Lee and Kennedy, under 
the name that we have adopted, and from which our descrip- 
tion was taken. 

Native of the Cape of Good Hope. Flowers in May, June, 
and July. 



J,"//i 




Sytf'fifxrarti'r r"S 



-**W *f S a~Ar tr a /~<.nSi . frr, s.rrs 



[ 1721 ] 

Azalea calendulacea (/3.) crocea. 
Orange-coloured Azalea. 

frfr»i* ♦ ♦♦*♦ M* M.if ♦ * ft 

Clqfs and Order. 
Pentandria Monocynia* 

Generic CbaraRer. 
Cor. campanulata. Slam, receptaculo inferta. Cap/. 5-locularis. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

AZALEA calendulacea; (fubnudiflora) foliis oblongo-ovalibus 
ciliatis: adultis hirfutis, corollae tubo laciniis breviore 
pilofo fubvifcido, calyce villofo. 

AZALEA calendulacea; (fubnudiflora) foliis oblongis utrinque 
pubefcentibus : adultis hirfutis, floribus amplis non vifcofis, 
calycis dentibus oblongis, corollae tubo hirfuto laciniis 
breviore. Purfb Fl. Am. Sept. 151. Michaux Fl. Am. Bor. 

i./>. 151. \ 

(a.) flammea jloribus flammco-calendulaceis. . 
(j3.) crocea ; floribus croceis. 
AZALEA calendulacea. Hort. Kew. Epit. inter addenda. 



The flowers of this variety refemble very much thofe of 
Azalea pontica, but are without fcent. They are confiderably 
larger than any of the varieties of Azalea nudiflora ; and the 
plant itfelf forms a loftier fhrub. In a genus which is numerous 
and io exceedingly difpofed to run into varieties, it is extremely 
difficult to find good fpecific charaBers; the hairy calyx and 
tube fhorter than the border of the corolla, diftinguifh it from 
coccinea, (No. 180.) to which in foliage it is moft nearly allied. 
The flower is not entirely free from clamminefs. The flame- 
coloured variety is faid by Mr. Pursh to be, without exception, 
J the 



the handfomefl; fhrub in North-America. This author refers to 
Bartram's Travels, p. 321, where we find a fhrub fpoken of 
with flowers like a Rhododendron, but in fruit more re- 
fembling an Azalea. But this would appear to be very dif- 
ferent from either of the above varieties, as the corolla is faid 
to be white with narrow fegments. Mr. William Bartram, 
however, and probably with juftice, claims the firft difcovery 
of this plant, as appears by a fpecimen in pofleflion of Sir 
Joseph Banks, colle&ed by that traveller, about the year 1 774, 
accompanied with remarks ; in which, in his ufual florid ftyle, 
he obferves, that " it is the mod brilliant, fhewy, and gay flower- 
ing fhrub, perhaps, in the world ; it grows four, fix, or eight 
feet high, increafes greatly by fuckers, and the flowers make a 
moft fplendid fhow in the vaft plains, and on the fides of the 
hills, in Weft-Georgia and lower Cherokee country, in the 
months of April and May. The flowers are of all fhades, from 
a paie cream colour to a fplendid golden yellow, orange, and 
mod perfe£t fcarlct or flame colour ; and all thefe colours are 
fometimes feen on different branches of the fame plant, as well 
as on feparate plants , but a rofe-blufh or purple tint never oc- 
curs in the flowers of this fpecies." 

Our drawing was made in the beginning of June 1812, from 
a plant brought over by Mr. Lyons; we received fpecimens 
alfo from Meffrs. Fraser's American Nurfery, and from 
Meffrs. Loddiges and Sons. 



C »7& ] 

Hedysarum bupleurifolium. Hares- 
ear-leaved Hedysarum. 

C/tf/} #»i Order. 

DlADELPHIA DECANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-fidus. Cor. carina tranfverfe obtufa. Lomentum articulis 
i-1'pennisj compreflis. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

HEDYSARUM bupleurifolium; foliis fimplicibus Ianceolatis 
acutis, caule inermi, ftipulis fcariofis. Sp. PL 1051. 
Willd. 3. p. 1171. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 4. p. 339. Roxb. 
Coram. 2. p. 50. /. 194. 

ORNITHOPODIUM madarafpatanum, bupleurifolio. Petiv. 

Gaz. 18. /. 11./. 12. 
HEDYSARUM gramineum. Willd. Sp. PL 3. 1172 ? Re/z. 

Obf. 5. p. 26. IVendl. Hort. Herrenhus. 1. p. 7. /. 5. 



Willdenow has expreffed a doubt whether the figures of 
Petiver and Pl uk en ft do not belong to gramineum rather 
than to bupleurifolium. The latter was probably intended for 
neither, but is too bad to be referred with certainty to any 
thing; but Petiver's is really good, for a mere outline, and 
undoubtedly reprefents our plant. Hedysarum gramineum in 
Hortus Herrenhufen, does not appear to be different; and 
Retzius's defcription of the fame accords both with Rox- 
burgh's and our figure of bupleurifolium. We cannot but con- 
clude therefore that thefe plants in reality make but one fpecies, 
and that gramineum ought to be expunged from the fyftem. 

A final I perennial woody fpecies. Native of the Eaft-Indies j 
where it grows, according to Roxburgh, among long grafs in 
dry ground; flowering during the wet and cold feafons. With 
us it requires the heat of the bark ftove. Propagated by feeds. 




M/J22 . 



■PuSZi',''furKr 'Va/w.'rM^jorf fStS 



[ 1723 ] 

Campanula punctata. Spotted 
Bell-flower. 

»$♦$♦♦♦♦ *** ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦ 

Clqfs and Order, 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic CharaBer. 

Cor. campanulata, fundo claufo valvis ftaminiferis. Stigma 
?.rifidum. Cap/, infera, poris lateralibus dehifcens. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

CAMPANULA punctata; capfulis trilocularibus obtecYis, caule 
fimplici ere&o foliofo, foliis fubpetiolatis, floribus nutanti- 
bus. Willd. Sp. PL l.p. 907. 

CAMPANULA punctata; hirfuta, foliis radicalibus petiolatis 
ovatis acutis ferratis, floribus ccrnuis interne punclatis vil- 
lous. Lamarck Encyc. 1. 579. 

CAMPANULA calycibus e tergo lamellis quinque notatis, 
pedunculis unifloris. Gmel. Sib. 3. p. 155. /. 30. 



The Campanula punclata is well reprefented by Gmelin, 
in the third volume of the Flora Sibirica; but was never taken 
up by LinnvEUs, nor, we believe, did it ever appear in any 
general lyftem, till Lamarck inferted it in the Encyclopedic 
Botanique. 

The fpotting of the corolla, being on the infide, fiiews 
through rather faintly, but more evidently, when dried, than in 
the recent flower. 

We were favoured with a living fpecimen of this very rare 
plant, the latter-end of February, by our friend A. B. Lam- 
bert, Efq. who raifed it from Siberian feeds, at his feat at 
Boyton. A hardy perennial. Native of Siberia ; growing in 
the mountainous open country. 



[ !724 ] 
SlLENE REGIA, SPLENDID CaTCH-FLY. 

$ #♦»♦»$♦»»$$»»$$»$. 

Oafs and Order. 
Decandria Trigynia. 

Generic Chamber. 

Cat. monophyllus, ventricofus. Petala 5, unguiculata. Cap/. 
fupera, femitrilocularis, apice dehifcens, polyfperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

SILENE regia, (ereBa, vifcofo-pubefcens) calycibus floris 
cyhndncis, petalis lanceolatis indivifis, genitalibus exertis. 

SILENE virginica; var. illinoenfis. Mkhaux Fl. Bor. Am. 1, 
p- 272. i 

MUSCIPULA regia, Bannifterii. Tetiv. Herb. Firg. * 



The Silene regia, though nearly related to virginica, mull, 
we apprehend, be conlidered as a diftinB fpecies ; for the latter 
is delcribed as being decumbent, and having bifid petals. It 
may perhaps be the variety found by Michaux in the Illinois 
country; and poflibly it may have been the fame that Ban- 
nister fent a defign of to the Bifhop of London. Whether 
it be fo or not, his name of regia cannot be badly applied to the 
moit fplendid plant of the genus. The flowers are reprefented 
to us as rivalling in brilliancy the Lobelia>/W a colour 
fcarcely to be imitated by art. 

We had not the opportunity of feeing this plant whilft living, 
but upon examining the dried fpecimens in Mr. Lambert's 
herbarium, we find that the petals are fometimes emarginate. 

Native of North-America. Found by Mr. Nutt a l, growing 
fpontaneoufly in great abundance, in the environs of St. Louis, 
on the Miffilippi ; from whofe feeds our plant was raifed in the 
garden of A. B. Lambert, Efq. at Boy ton, where it grew to 
the height of between two and three feet. 



A v-v 




J>u&. ttrt/- &*&■ Hto/wr'M'tjr*' fW 



J{'/?2S. 




J^Ab^.^C /^*r 



C 1725 ] 

SWAINSONA CORONILLIFOLIA. PURPLE^ 

FLOWERED SWAINSONA. 

# » # »♦ »» »»»$♦♦ ♦♦ ♦ ♦»♦♦♦# 

Clafs and Order. 

DlADELPHIA DECANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 
Cat. 5-dentatus. Vexillum explanatum, majus Carina obtufa. 
Stigma terminale. J/jZ/wpofticelongitudinaliter barbatus; antice 
imberbis. Legumen turgidum (non veficarium) Brown. — Swain- 
fona, Salisb. — Loxidium, Venten. dec. gen. nov. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

SWAINSONA coronillifolia ; vexillo bicallofo,caulefuffruticoro 
ere£lo, pedicello leguminis filamentis perfiftentibus (parum) 
breviore. Broivn in Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 4. p. 327. 

SWAINSONA coronilUfolia. Salijb. Farad. Lond. 28. 



As tbis plant is a native of New South-Wales in Auftralafia, 
this circumftance, in itfelf, leads to a fufpicion that it ought to 
be confidered as a genus diftincl; from Co lute a, otherwile we 
own that we mould hardly have been fatisfied with the characters 
by which the two genera are attempted to be diftinguifhed. The 
only contrafted points given in the Hortus Kewenfis are, that 
the fti<rma in Swainsona is terminal, in Co lute a lateral ; 
and the flight difference in the confidence of the Legumen, 
which appears to us not very remarkable after maturity. 

It was undoubtedly impoffible to feparate Swainsona 
from Colutea, whilft fruticofa and berbacea, which fwerve 
much more remarkably from the European fpecies, remained 
attached to the latter. Thefe are confequently raifed into 
diftinft genera by Mr. Brown. 

The other fpecies of this genus has been already figured in 
the Botanical Magazine, under the name of Colutea (now 
Swainsona)^#& (vide N m - 792.) Both fpecies, the only 
ones known in our gardens, though eafdy diftinguifhed by the 
colour of their flowers, are botanically characterized, only by 
the difference of length of the pedicle of the feed-pod. 

An ornamental low greenhoufe fhrub, with herbaceous 
branches. Communicated by Meffrs. Whitley, Brame, and 
Milne. Introduced in 1802, by the Right Hon. Sir Joseph 
Banks, Bart. K. B. Flowers molt part of the year. Propa- 
gated both by feeds and cuttings. 



%*m> 



INDEX. 



I N D E X. 



In which the Latin Names of the $ In which the Englifh Names of the 
Plants contained in the Forty- Fir/} fy Plants contained in the Forty-Firjl 
Volumezre alphabetically arranged. ^ Volume are alphabetically arranged. 



PI. 

721 
708 

7 2 3 
695 
682 

689 

6 99 
686 

706 
68,5 
720 
696 

705 
722 

703 
702 

704 

7°9 
692 

7ii 

6 93 

687 

6q8 
683 
712 
718 
707 
684 
714 

l l 5 
694 
7*3 
7*7 

6 97 
710 
688 
701 

724 

7»9 

7 2 5 
690 

7i6 

700 



Azalea calendulacea (#.) crocea. 
Bauhinia porre&a. 
Braffia maculata. 
Campanula punctata. 
Commelina tuberofa. 
Convolvulus purpureus, var. (£.) 

varius. 
Cofmea lutea. 
Crotalaria pulchella. 
Delphinium grandiflorum. 
Donia fquarrofa. 
Doryanthes excelfa. 
Erica Lawfoni. 
Eugenia Jambos. 
Hasmanthus tigrinus, 
Hedyfarum bupleurifolium. 
Helonias brafteata. 
Hibifcus Manihot. 
Lachenalia quadricolor, (7. ) lutea. 
Liatris fcariofa. 
Lobelia variifolia. 
Matthiola odoratifiima. 
Myoporum parvifblium. 
Narciffus viridiflorus. 
Oxalis rofacca. 

variabilis, v. albiflora. 

v. rubra. 

Pelargonium radicatum. 
Petaloftemum violaceum. 
Pittofporum viridiflorum. 
Polygala mixta. 

■ ftipulacea. 

Protea acuminata. 

■ formofa. 

■ . latifolia. 

Pteronia pauciflora. 
Sarracenia variolaris. 
Sefamum indicum. 
Sefuvium Portulacaftrum (/3.) re- 

volutum. 
Silenc regia. 
Sprengelia incarnata. 
Swainfona coronillifolia, 
Thalia dealbata. 
Verbefina alata. 
Yucca aloifolia. 



PL 

700 Adam's. needle, tall.ftemmed^ 

72 1 Azalea, orange-coloured. 

723 Bell-flower, fpotted. 

682 Bindweed, ftriped-flowered. 

705 Blood-flower, tiger.fpotted. 

691 Braflia, fpotted-flowered. 

724 Catch-fly, fplendid. 

695 Commelina, tuberous-rooted. 

689 Cofmea, yellow-flowered. 

718 Crane's-bill,fleihyfringed-leaved' 
699 Crotalaria, large-flowered. 

706 Donia, fnake-headed. 

685 Doryanthes, gigantic. 

696 Eugenia, narrow-leaved. 
720 Heath, Lawfon's. 

722 Hedyfarum, hares. ear-leaved. 

703 Helonias, leafy- flowered. 
702 Hibifcus, palmated-leaved. 

687 Jonquil, green autumnal. 

704 Lachenalia, fpotted-leaved yel- 

low. 

686 Larkfpur, great-flowered. 

709 Liatri.s, fcarious-cupped. 

692 Lobelia, various-leaved. 

714 Milk- wort, heath-leaved. 

715 ■ ftipuled. 

708 Mountain-Ebony, fmooth-leaved 

693 Myoporum, fmall-leaved. 

688 Oily-grain, or Indian Sefamum. 

707 Petaloftemon, purple- flowered. 
684 Pittofporum, green-flowered. 
713 Protea, crown- flowered. 

717 rayed-flowered. 

694 fharp-pointed. 

697 Pteronia, few.flowered. 
Sefamum, fee Oily-grain. 

701 Sefuvium, Purflane-leaved. 

710 Side-faddle-flower, hook-leaved. 

719 Sprengelia, flefh-coloured. 

71 1 Stock Perfian, 

725 Swainfona, purple-flowered. 

690 Thalia, mealy. 

716 Verbcftna, wing-ftalked. [riable. 

712 Wood.forrel, red-flowered va- 

698 rofe. coloured. 

083 white -flowered 

variable. 



Printed by S. Couchman, Throgmorton-Street, London,