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Full text of "Curtis's botanical magazine."

CURTIS'S 

Botanical Magazine; 

o R, 

Flower-Garden Difplayed : 

IN WHICH 
The mod Ornamental Foreign Plants, cultivated in the 
Open Ground, the Green- Houfe, and the Stove, are 
accurately reprefented in their natural Colours. 

TO WHICH ARE ADDED, 

Their Names, Clafs, Order, Generic and Specific Characters, according 

to the celebrated Linn.eus ; their Places of Growth, 

and Times of Flowering: 

TOGETHER WITH 

THE MOST APPROVED METHODS OF CULTURE. 

A WORK 

Intended for the Ufe of fuch Ladies, Gentlemen, and Gardeners, as 
wifti to become fcientifically acquainted with the Plants they cultivate. 



By JOHN SIMS, M. D. 

Fellow of the Royal and Linnean Societies. 



VOL. XLII. 



The Flowers, which grace their nativebeds, 

Awhile put forth their blufhing heads, ^ 

But, e'er the clofe of parting day, 

They wither, fhrink, and die away : 

But these, which mimic (kill hath made, 

Nor fcorched by funs, nor killed by fhade, 

Shall blufh with lefs inconftant hue, 

Which art at plcafure can renew. Lloyd. 



LONDON: 

Printed by Stephen Couchman, Throgmorton-Street. 

Publifhed by Sherwood, Neely, & Jones, 20, Paternojler-Row ; 

And Sold by the principal Bookfellers in Great-Britain and Ireland. 

MDCCCXV, 



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[ 1J26 ] 

Crataegus indica. Indian Hawthorn. 

Oafs and Order, 

ICOSANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 
Cal. 5-fidus. Petala 5. Bacca infera difperma. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

CRATAEGUS indica; foliis ovatis acuminatis fcrratis femper- 
virentibus, racemis terminalibus, pedunculis calycibufque 
tomentofis, bra&eis fubulatis. 

CRATAEGUS indica ; foliis lanceolatis ferratis, caule inermi. 
corymbis fquamofis. Sp. PL 683. IVilld. 2. p. 1005. 



Descr. Stem upright, fhrubby, with fmooth dark-brown 
bark, branched upwards : Leaves evergreen, ovate, acuminate, 
ferrate, narrowed downwards, pctiolated : upper furface mining 
and dark-green, lower pale and reticulated. Stipules two, Tub- 
ulate, within the petiole, foon falling off. Flowers in terminal 
racemes, white. Brakes fubulate, ereQ. Peduncles and calyxes 
tomentofe : the latter fuperior, campanulate, with long ereB 
lubulate teeth; and, what is remarkable, after the flower fades, 
it eafily feparates from the crown of the germen. Petals five, 
oblong-ovate, acuminate, nerved. Filaments erea, inferted into 
the tube of the calyx, at firft white, changing to a bright red : 
Anthers yellow, didymous. The germen, which is fmall and 
nearly round, is covered with the fame kind of tomentum as 
that part of the calyx which feparates from it ; but this does not 
turn red as on the calyx. We have not feen the fruit, but the 
germen is bilocular, and contains at leaft two ovula in each 
cell. Styles two, ered, longer than the ftamens : ftmnas 
capitate. J 6 

From the uncertainty in the number of the ftyles, and of the 
diviuonsof the fruit. Sir James Edward Smith, in his Flora 

Britannica, 



Britannica, has reduced the four Linnean genera of Crataegus, 
Sorbus, Mespilus, and Pyrus into two ; omitting the 
two Former names, and retaining only Mespilus and Pyrus. 
The new edition of the Hortus Kewenfis retains the four 
genera ; and, as without feeing the fruit, we fhould be at a 
lofs whether to arrange our plant under Mespilus or Pyrus, 
we think it fafeft to leave it as we find it. In habit, our 
plant has confiderable affinity with Pyrus Amelanchier and Bo- 
tryapium. 

Native of the Eaft-Indies and China. Requires the pro- 
tection of the greenhoufe. Our drawing was made from a 
plant communicated by Mr. R. Sweet, from the Stockwell 
Nurfery. We received it alfo from Mr. James Dickson, of 
Acre-Lane. Flowers in April, May, and June. 



4 // v 




J*ui. fiy- <S /ms&t WiAww/C\ ff* 



C w ] 

PSORALEA APHYLLA. LEAFLESS PsORALEA. 
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ %% $ $$$$+$+ » 

C/^/} #/&/ Order, 

DlADELPHIA DECANDRIA. 

Generic Chamber. 

Cal. Iongitudine Leguminis. Stam. diadelpha. Legumen mo- 
nofpermum, fubroftratum, evalve. 

Specific Chamtler and Synonyms. 

PSORALEA apbylla ; foliis ternatis fimplicibufque deciduis, 

ftipulis lanceolatis acutis flores verfus fubimbricatis per- 

fiftentibus. 
PSORALEA apbylla; foliis caulinis rameifque ternatis ct fim- 

plicibus, ramulorum nullis, ftipulis fubimbricatis. Jacq. 

Hort. Scboenb. 2. p. 51. /. 223. Willd. Sp. PL 3. ^.223. 

Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 4. p. 375. 
PSORALEA apbylla; foliis nullis, ftipulis ovatis feffilibus ad- 

preftis acutis. Aman. Acad. 6. 
PSORALEA apbylla; foliis nullis, ftipulis mucronatis brevif- 

fimis verfus flores fubimbricatis. Mant. 450. 
GENISTA fpartium caeruleum Cap. Bon. Spei. Breyn, Cent. 

t. 25. 



This fhrub, though named apbylla, or leaflefs, is by no means 
without leaves ; but, when young, has both trifoliate and fimple 
leaves, which fall off", and are feldom again renewed ; what 
appear like fmall leaves upon the flowering branches, as repre- 
fented in our figure, are not confidered as fuch, but z&jlipules^ 
or more properly, perhaps, as braftcs. The fiews ofPsoRALEA 
apbylla are (lender, and the extremities of the branches bend 
down with the weight of the flowers, in a graceful manner. 

A greenhoufe flirub. Native of the Cape of Good-Kope. 
Flowers with us from May to July. Cultivated in the royal 
garden at Hampton-Court, fo long ago as 1690. Our drawing 
was taken from a fine fpecimen in the confervatory of Meffrs. 
Lee and Kennedy, early in May. 




JJ//2J. 



[ ^S 1 

Salvia azurea. Azure-elowered 
Sage. 

*Hfr fc $ fc »♦ » ♦ $ » » » » »» frfrfr 

Oafs and Order. 

DlANDRIA MONOGYNIA, 

Generic Character. 

CaL fubcampanulatus, 2-labiatus : labio fuperiore 3-dentato. 
Cor. ringens. Filamenta tranfverfe pedicello affixa. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms, 

SALVIA azurea j foliis lineari-lanceolatis inferioribus extror- 

fum ferratis cauleque glabris, calyce pubefcente brevifiime 

trifido. Purjb Fl. Amer. Sept. 19. 
SALVIA azurea. Lam. in diar. Hift. Nat. i. p. 469. Encyc. 6. 

p. 625. Vahl Emm. 1. p. 253. Hort. Kew. Epit. inter 

addenda. 
SALVIA amminatiffima. Vent en. Hort. Celf. 50. /. 50. 
SALVIA anguftifolia. Micbaux Flor. Bor.-Amer. 1. p. 15. 
SALVIA mexicana. Walt. Fl. Carol, p. 65. 



Descr. Stem quadrangular, fluted, with rounded angles. 
Leaves lanceolate, narrowed at both extremities, diftantly and 
unequally fawed, minutely ciliated at (he edge, dark green on 
the upper furface, pale on the under. Flowers in terminal 
whorled fpikes, whorls about fix-flowered, looking one way. 
Bracles linear. Pedicles very (hort. Calyx ftriate, two-lipped : 
upper-lip minutely three-toothed : under-lip bifid : teeth acute. 
Corolfo large : tube the length of the calyx : upper-lip (hort, 
emarginate, pubefcent : under- lip three -lobed, dependent, 
fmooth : middle lobe very large, crenulate. Style bearded 
quite up to the bifid fiigma. A two-lobed anther at one end of 
the tranfverfe filament^ and a blue fmooth gland at the other. 

Native 



Native of Georgia and South-Carolina, and faid to be a 
great favourite as a greenhoufe plant in the Northern States, 
where it grows to the height of feven or eight feet, and bears a 
profufion of flowers. 

It is inferted among the addenda at the end of the Epitome 
of the Hortus Kewenfis, where it is faid to have been intro- 
duced in i8o6, to be hardy, and to bloflbm in July and 
Auguft. 

We received the fpecimen from which our drawing was 
made from Mr. Lambert's confervatory, at Boyton, in full 
flower, in November laft. 




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[ 1729 ] 

Cestrum fastigiatum. Honeysuckle 

Cestrum. 

»♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ft ♦♦♦♦♦♦ 

Clqfs and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Charafter. 

Cal. inferus, denticulatus. Cor. infundibuliformis. Stamina 
denticulo in medio, (edentulave). Bacca l-locularis, polyfperma. 

Specific Charatler and Synonym. 

CESTRUM fajligiatum ; filamentis edentulis, pedunculis axil- 
laribus elongatis, floribus in capitulum aggregatis, corollae 
limbo revoluto. 

CESTRUM fajligiatum; filamentis edentulis; floribus in pe- 
dunculis axillaribus et elongatis fuperne aggregatis. Jacq. 
Hort. Schoenh. 3. p. 44. /. 330. 



C est 'rum fajligiatum differs from diurnum, chiefly in the 
great length of the peduncle, which is equal to, or fometimes 
longer than the leaf, and in the flowers being moflly collected 
into a capitulum, fomewhat in the manner of the Honeyfuckle. 
They are white and fweet-fcented both by night and day. The 
number of ftamens and of the laciniae of the corolla is very 
uncertain, varying from four to fix. 

According to Jacquin's defcription, the berries are black, 
with a violet-coloured pulp, but his figure reprefents them ex- 
ternally blue. 

We have feen fpecimens of this fpecies in the herbariums of 
Sir Joseph Banks and of Mr. Lambert ; and in both placed 
along with diurnum, from which it appears to us fufnciently 
diftina. 

Native of the Weft-Indies. With us an inhabitant of the 
ftove. Our drawing was made from a flowering fpecimen com- 
municated by Mr. George Graves, from Mrs. Wilson's 
collection at Iflington ; in November laft. 



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[ 1730 ] 

Ageratum ccelestinum. Blue-flowered 
Ageratum. 

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C/t/J and Order. 
Syngenesia Polygamia jEqualis. 

Generic Character. 

Receptaculum nudum. P<z/>/>«j palcis 5, fubariftatis, nunc coalitis 
obfoletifve. Cal. oblongus, duplici foliolorum fubsequalium ferie. 
Cor. 4 — 5-fidae. 

Specific Character. 

AGERATUM coelejlinum g hifpidulum, foliis ovato-acuminatis 
triplinerviis dentato-ferratis integerrimifque, pappo mono- 
phyllo obtufe dentato. 



According to the ufual generic cbarafter of Ageratum, the 
pappus of the feed fhould confift of four or five fubulate paleae; 
but in our plant the pappus is fmall and cup-like, with five 
obtufe, nearly obfolete teeth, the limb of the corolla is five- 
cleft and rolled back : jligmas very long, club-fhaped, erett. 
In habit, and in every other refpeft, it correfponds fo exaclly 
with Ageratum, that we have thought it right to continue it 
with that genus, notwithstanding the remarkable difference of 
the pappus. This part, indeed, appears to be liable to vary in 
the different fpecies of this genus. In the Bankfian Herbarium 
we obferve there is one, in which the paleae of the pappus are 
nearly obfolete, but not united as in this. 

The native country of this lively herbaceous perennial is 
unknown to us. It was firft obferved in a garden at Briftol, 
but its origin could not be learnt. Hitherto it has been pre- 
ferved through the winter in the greenhoufe ; but when planted 
out in the open ground, it feemed to thrive bell where it was 
not much expofed to the fun. 

It 



It is a tall plant, rifing to the height of about four feet. 
Flowers fragrant, of that (pedes of fcent which relembles bitter 
almonds. We do not find that this plant has been before 
noticed by any author. 

Communicated by A. B. Lambert, Efq. from his collection 
at Boy ton. 



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C mi ] 

Jasminum revolutum. Curled-flowered 
yellow Jasmine. 

CA$/i #W Order. 

DlANDRIA MoNOCYNIA. 

Generic Characler. 

Cor. hypocrateriformis, 5— 8-fida. Bacca dicocca. Semina 
folitaria aril lata. 

Specific Characler. 

JASMINUM revolutum 1 foliis omnibus pinnatis, paniculis 
oppofitifoliis, laciniis corollas revolutis. 



Descr. Branches flexuofe, fomewhat angular. Leaves al- 
ternate, on long channelled footflalks, all pinnate, having two 
or three pair and an odd one of ovate leaflets, quite entire, 
acute, a little oblique, paler and veined underneath, the two 
upper pair clofe to the terminal leaflet, the lower pair diflant. 
Flowers panicled, yellow, very fweet-fcented, fubterminal, and 
oppofed to the leaf. Calyx cup-fhaped, with five or fix very 
fmall ereft. {harp-pointed teeth. Tube of the 'corolla grooved, 
fhorter than the limb, which is five or fix-cleft ; lacini<e obovate, 
rolled back. Anthers large, tongue- fhaped, erect-incumbent, 
*. e. affixed to the filament by the back, but (till {landing up- 
right. 

For this hitherto undefcribed fpecies of Jafmine, which 
promifes to be a great acquifition to our gardens, we are be- 
holden to the lady of the Right Hon. Charles Long, who 
obligingly fent us fpecimens from her garden, at Bromley-Hill, 
in Kent. The plant was imported from China, and bloomed 
the firft time in the fpring of 1 814. At the prefent time (April) 
though only about a foot high, it has twelve bunches of very 
fragrant flowers. It has been hitherto kept in the confervatory, 
in a fmall pot of light earth and loam, 



EZjfSl 




C J 732 ] 

Bromelia pyramidalis. Pyramidal- 
flowered Bromelia. 

Oafs and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. 

Cat. 3-fidus, fuperus. Petala 3. Squama neclarifera ad bafin 
petali. Pericarpium 3-loculare. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms* 

BROMELIA pyramidalis > foliis lanceolatis acuminatis fpinofo- 
ciliatis, fcapo infra flores nudos bratteato : bra&eis lanceo 
lato-ovatis intcgerrimis coloratis. 
BROMELIA pyramidata aculeis nigris. Plum. Gen. 46. Ic. 62 J 
BROMELIA mdicaulis. Sp.Pl.409.? Willd. 2. p. 9 . ? 



Descr. Leaves all radical, lanceolate with a lengthened 
point, edged with fmall brown fpines, involute, and embracing 
one another at the bafe. A hmplefcape rifes from the bofom 
of the leaves, clothed below the flowers with large, concave, ovate- 
lanceolate, fpathe-like, entire, bratles, of a fine rofe-colour, which 
turns brown with age. Above the bra&es the flowers grow in a 
thyrfe-like fpike, naked (/. e. without any braftes intermixed). 
Germen inferior, nearly cylindrical, trilocular, with many ovula 
m each cell, affixed in two rows to a central receptacle. Style 
the length of the ftamens : jligma tripartite ; the laciniae bright 
violet, twifted together, fo as to refemble a fcrew-like capitate 
iugma. Calyx tripartite ; fegments linear, connivent, erech 
Both it and the germen are covered with a white, mealy powder. 
Corolla three-petaled : petals ereft, with linear claws longer than 
the calyx : limb (hort, ovate, acute, patent, the edges foon 
rolling inwards. The colour a fine fcarlet, tinged on the infide 
with violet, more intenfe at the tips. Filaments fix, inferted into 
the bafe of the calyx. Anthers yellow, linear, incumbent. 

This 



This plant has great refemblance to the figure of Plumier, 
above quoted, from which Linnaus probably adopted his 
nudicaulis ; yet we dare not conlider them as certainly the fame ; 
and, at all events, the name of nudicaulis is fo very inapplicable 
to a plant that has no ftalk, but a fcape only, and that too 
clothed at the inferior part with large bra&es, that the original 
one of Plumier feems every way preferable. In the Bankfian 
Mufeum, there is a drawing of a nearly-related fpecies, to which 
Lin nius's name of nudicaulis is applied. The flowers of this 
are much fmaller and white, and the leaves are truncated with 
a fmall acumen. 

In our fpecimen, the fcape did not rife fo as to elevate the 
flowers above the bra&es, perhaps from a deficiency of heat : in 
one which flowered earlier, the fpike was more lax, and the 
flowers, after deflorefcence, became patent ; calyx, corolla, 
and ftamcns, perfiftent. 

This plant, like fome others, both in this genus and in 
Tili.andsia, holds a quantity of water in the bottom of the 
leaves ; which, it has been alferted, they are never found 
without, even in the hotted weather, in a tropical country. 

Communicated by the lady of the Right Hon. George Rose, 
from Cuffnells, where it flowered two fucceflive years, in February 
and March. The mother plant was received from Rio de Janeiro 
fome years ago, and threw off feveral offsets before it flowered, 
which have been treated the fame as the pine apple, till of a good 
fize for flowering, when the pot was taken out of the bark and 
placed upon a fhelf in the ftove. 



N.1J31. 




fuhM- S Cmrtit Walm rtkJCm 



[ 1733 ] 

Beaufortia decussata. Splendid 

Beaufortia. 

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POLYADELPHIA IcOSANDRIA. 

Generic Characler. 

Staminium phalanges 5, petalis oppofitse. Anther* bafi infertae : 
apice bifidae : lobis deciduis ! Cap/. 3-locularis, monofperma, 
connata et inclufa calycis tubo incrafi'ato bafi adnato (ramo). 
Brown. 

Specific Character. 

BEAUFORTIA decufata ,■ foliis oppofitis decuffatis ovatis 
ovalibufve multinervibus, phalangium unguibus longiffimis; 
filamentis radiantibus. Brown in Hort. Kew. ed. alt, v. 4. 
p. 418. 



The Beaufortia decufata, when covered with bloflbms, is 
a very fplendid fhrub. As in Melaleuca, the flowers are 
produced a little below the divifions of the branches. They 
entirely furround the ftem, and are not confined to one fide, as 
in Calothamnus, No. 1506. Calyx inferior, top-fhaped, 
incurved : limb five-cleft : fegments awl-fhaped, the length of 
the petals. Corolla five-petaled, green : petals concave, rounded, 
fides overlapping one another, inferted into the margin of the 
tube of the calyx. Stamens polyadelphous. Filaments collected 
into five bundles : the claws, or connected parts, much longer 
than the corolla, the free parts divaricate or radiated, not half the 
length of the claws. But the principal charaQer on which the 
genus is founded, is afforded by the anthers : thefe are not in- 
cumbent, as in Melaleuca, but are inferted by the bafe, are 
two-lobed : lobes more or lefs divaricate at the point, and deci- 
duous. When fallen off, they appear like little extinguifhers, 

dilcharging 



difcharging the pollen from the lower end. The germen is hairy, 
very fmall ; ftyle long and twilled in different directions : jiigma 
acute. Above the germen and below the infertion of the fila- 
ments, is a confiderable cavity filled with honey, and clofed 
above by a tufiuck of white hairs, growing from the bafe of 
each bundle of filaments. Mod of the flowers appeared to be 
males, few of them having any obfervable ftyle. The flowers 
are axillary, and for the mod part grow in pairs j but only one 
of them occupies the centre of the leaf, the other being as it 
were fupernumerary and placed on one fide. Leaves ovate, 
rigid, acute, recurved, underneath pale, about five-nerved, 
dotted with tranflucent glands. 

Native of the fouth-weft coafl of New-Holland, where it was 
difcovered by Robert Brown, Efq. Flowers with us in 
March, April, and May. Requires the protection of a gteen- 
houfe. Propagated by cuttings. 

The name was given in honour of the Duchefs of Beaufort, 
an early encourager of the fcience of Botany. Her grace pof- 
fefTed a flourifhing botanic garden at her feat, at Badminton, in 
Glouceflerfhire, in the time of Sir Hans Sloan e, Bart, to 
the richnefs of which in rare exotics, the herbarium of that 
celebrated naturalift, ftill preferved in theBritifh Mufeum, bears 
frequent teftimony. 

Communicated by Mr. James Dickson, Nurferyman, in 
Acre-Lane, Clapham-Common, and late gardener to Robert 
Thornton, Efq. 



The firft figure Jbows the anther in its perfeft flate ; thefecond the 
fame, with the lobes Jeparating and falling off'; the third the germen 
andjlyle ; the fourth the tuJJUck of hairs at the bafe of the claw of the 
bundle of filaments. 



C *734 ] 

Calea lobata. Yellow-flowered 
Calea, or Halberd-weed. 

*HH|H|H| H ft fr frft % % $ $ $ $ $ $ ifr fr 

Cfo/} #«</ Order. 
Syngenesia Polygamia ./Equalis. 
Generic Character. 
Recept. paleaceum. P^>/>«j pilofus. Cal. imbricatus. 

Specific Charatler and. Synonyms. 
CALEA lobata; corymbis congeftis, foliis alternis : fuperioribus 

ovato-lanceolatis, inferioribus dentato-haftatis finuato-fer- 

ratis. Willd.Sp.PL^.p.x^^. Swartz Prod. 113. Hart. 

Kew. ed. alt. 4. p. 516. 
CALEA lobata. Sp. PI. 1207. Hort. Cliff. 405. Mart. Mill. 

Diet. n. 4. 
CONYZA arborefcens lutea folio trifido. Plum. Ic. 96. 
SANTOLINA ere&a fubhirfuta, foliis ferratis, haftatis f. fim- 

plicibus et utrinque porre£tis, floribus comofis [corymbofis ?]. 

Brown Jam. 315. 
VIRGA AUREA major, f. Doria folio finuato hirfuto. Shane 

Jam. 125. Hijl. 1. p. 260. /. 152. /. 4. 
HALBERT-WEED. hinan Hort. Jam. 

The Calea lobata is a native of Jamaica, and requires the heat 
of the ftove to bring it to perfection ; and being a large plant, 
and poflefled of few attractions, will feldom be" thought de- 
fer ving the room that it mult neceffarily occupy there. It is, 
however, a plant of confiderable intereft, having been found to 
afford a raoft valuable remedy againfl the fatal fevers of St. Nevis, 
as our friend Mr. Lambert, from whofe collection at Boyton 
it was communicated to us in November laft, was informed by 
James Tobin, Efq. who fent him the feed from which our 
plant was raifed. 

Brown, in his Natural Hiftory of Jamaica, obferves, that 
" it is an excellent bitter, and was in his time much ufed in 
America, where a fpirituous infufion of the tops was generally 
kept in moft plantations, and often adminiftered as an aclive warm 
ftomachic." Lunan, in his Hortus Jamaicenfis, alfo fpeaks of 
it as a noble vulnerary, and fays that it flops all fort of fluxes. 

Introduced by Dr. William Houstoun, before 1733, 
and cultivated by Philip Miller; but moll probably foon 
difappeared. 



7///.1, 




P"A fi pr ^f! /J/«,V ■/, . 



C *735 ] 

Cardamine asarifolia. Kidney-leaved 

Ladies-smock. 

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C/j/j W Onfcr. 

TETRADYNAMIA SlLiqUOSA. 

Generic Character. 

Siliqua linearis marginibus truncatis : valvis planis enervtbus 
(elafticefaspiusdim^ientibus),diffepimentoanguftioribus. Brown, 
in Hort. Kevo. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

CARDAMINE afarifolia; foliis fimplicibus reniformibus. Hort. 

Kezv. ed. alt. 4. p. 102. 
CARDAMINE afarifolia; foliis fimplicibus fubcordatis. Sp. 

PL 913. Willd. 3. p. 482. Perfoon Syn. 2. p. 195. ./f ///<?«/ 

Piedem. n. 948. Crantz Cruc. 128. 
CARDAMINE montana, Afari folio. Tcurnef Inf. p. 225. 
NASTURTIUM montanum, afari folio. 5wr. 5fc& 5. /. 3. 

Herm. Par ad. 203, cum I cone. /fo/. ////?. 816. 
NASTURTIUM alpinum, paluftre rotundifolium, radice fer- 

pente. Morif Hifi. 2. />. 224. 

This rare alpine plant was communicated by Mr. Sweet, 
late of the Stock Well nurfery. It is a native of the Italian Alps, 
and occurs plentifully in the rocky beds of the torrents at the 
foot of Mount Cenis. 

A hardy perennial, flowers in May? June, and July. Said 
in the former edition of Ai ton's Hortus Kewenfis to have 
been introduced into this country in 1775? by Anthony 
Chamier, Efq. but in the new edition, it is obferved to have 
been cultivated in 1710; being one of the plants recorded to 
have been delivered to the Royal Society from the garden be- 
longing to the Apothecaries Company at Chelfea. But it is the 
fate of molt alpine plants, to be foon loft, unlefs particular care 
be taken to preferve them. 

All the Cardamines poffefs an antifcorbutic quality; and 
this fpecies is faid by Allioni to be much ufed in the cure of 
fcurvy, in the diftricts where it abounds. 

As this grows naturally in wet places, it {hould, in the fummer 
time, have plenty of water ; or the pot in which it is planted 
fliould conftantly ftand in a pan of water. 



[ »736 ] 

Zanthorhiza apiifolia. Parsley-leaved 

Zanthorhiza, or Yellow-root. 

■ $ frft $ $ $ $ ♦♦♦♦♦ ♦ v *HM* 

C/a/5 aW Order. 

Pentandria Polycynia. 

Generic Characler. 

Col. o. Petala 5. Neclaria 5, pedicellata. C*/>/! plurimae, 
monofperma;. 

Specific Name and Synonyms. 

ZANTHORHIZA apiifolia. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 2. p. 199. 
LHerit. Stirp. Nov. 79. /. 38. Perfoon Syn. 341. Michaux 
Fl. Bor.- Am. 1. p. 186. P«^6 R ytf«z. Sept. 222. 

XANTHORHIZA a/>/j/o/w. Mar/. Mill. Dicl. 

X ANTHORHIZA Jimplicifiima. Mar/hall Arbuft. 168. 

The Zanthorhiza, of which only one fpecies is known, is 
an elegant little ihrub ; native of Carolina and Georgia ; and 
confequently, though confidered as hardy, is liable to be killed 
by fevere froft. As it takes up but little room, it may be ad- 
mitted into the confervatory, where it appears to more advantage, 
being liable to be overlooked among fhrubs of larger ftature. 

Its yellow root, from which it takes its name, has been fup- 
pofed to offer a ufeful dye ; but we do not find that it has 
hitherto been applied to ufe. Indeed, producls affording "a 
yellow colour are fo common, that, unlefs it mould be afcer- 
tained to poflefs fome fuperior advantages, it will molt probably 
continue to be overlooked. 

The flowers of this plant, though not fhewy, are curious ; 
the neflarium confiding of five pedicled double glands, inferted 
between the laciniae of the corolla; and which might be taken 
for fo many didymous anthers. Jussieu, who feldom admits 
of Lin nous's neftaria, confiders thefe parts as the petals, 
and what we have, with moft others, denominated corolla, he 
calls calyx. And in the fame way Jussieu interprets many 
other genera, belonging to the family of ranunculace*, to which 
order Zanthorhiza is referred. 

Firft difcovered by John Bartram in Georgia. Intro- 
duced into this country about the year 1766, by John Bush, 
Efq. Flowers in February, March, and April. Communicated 
by Mr. George Graves. 



Fig. 1, two of the ne&aries, magnified, Jhewing their pofition with refpecl 
to the petal. Fig. 2, germens, natural fize. Fig. 3, one of the fame, 
magnified. Fig. 4, a neclarium, magnified. 



\ t r f\ 




[ ^12>1 ] 

El^ocarpus cyaneus. Blue-fruited 
El^ocarpus. 

♦ ♦♦♦♦ -% +$4 ">> #H|HMt# * +*+ 

C/rt/j tfW Ordisr. 

POLYANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Generic Characler. 

Cat. 5-phyllus. Cor. 5-petala, lacera. Anthera apice bivalvi. 
Drupa nucleo crifpo. 

. Specific Cbaracler and Synonym* 

EL./EOCARPUS cyaneus ; foliis fparfis lanceolatis ferratis re- 

ticulato-venofis, racemis confertifloris. 
ELiEOCARPUS cyaneus. Hort. Keiv. Epit. inter addenda. 



Fine flowering fpecimens of this beautiful fhrub, in a living 
ftate, were transmitted to our draughtfman from Fonthill, by 
Mr. Milne, laft fummer. But as we had no opportunity of 
feeing them, except in a dried ftate in the Herbariums of Sir 
Joseph Banks and Mr. Lambert, we can only obferve, that 
the leaves are much narrower, more reticulated, and more acutely 
fawed, than mferratus ; in which they are rather crenate than 
ferrate, in thofe fpecimens which we have feen. The flowers too 
are not nearly fo diftant on the racemes. The fruit of this fpecies 
is globular, the fize of a fmall floe, and, as the name denotes, 
blue ; but we have not heard that any has been as yet produced 
in this country. 

Native of New-Holland. Flowers from June to Auguft. 
Introduced in 1 803. Requires the protection of a greenhoufe. 



r°/p$ 




C 1738 3 

Heynea trijuga. Walnut-like 
Heynea. 

CAa/i a«df Order. 
Dkcandria Monogynia, 

Generic Characler. 

Cal. 5-dentatus. Tetala 5. Neclarium cylindricum, fauce 
antheriferum. Germ, biloculare, loculis difpermis, ovulorum 
infertio interior. Capf. fupera, 1-locularis, 2-valvis, 1-fperma. 
Sem, arillata. Embryo inverfus, perifpermo deftitutus. Roxb. 

Specific Characler. 

HEYNEA irijuga; foliis impari-pinnatis trijngis, paniculis 
axillaribus longius pedunculatis. Roxb. Plant. Corom. inedit. 



This fine tree is a native of Napaul, from whence the feeds 
were fent by Dr. Buchanan to the botanic garden at Calcutta. 
Dr. Roxburgh remarks, that in feven years, a tree raifed from 
feed was fifteen feet high, with much the habit of the walnut. 
Its time of flowering at Calcutta was in March, and the fruit 
ripened in October. 

Our drawing was made at the Comptefle De Vande's 
fuperb colleaion at Bay es- Water, where it flowered, near the 
window of the ftove, in September 1814. 

Heynea belongs to Jussieu's natural order of Meha ; 
and was named by Dr. Roxburgh in honour of our friend, 
Dr. Heyne, who has for many years paid great attention to the 
natural hiftory of India ; whither he has lately returned, in the 
Company's fervice. From his talents and induftry we may 
expeft much ufeful information. 

How much the fcience of Botany is indebted to Dr. 
Roxburgh, the fplendid work on the Plants of the Coaft ot 



Coromandel, 



Coromandel, publifhed under the care of Sir Joseph Banks, 
Bart, by the Eaft-India Company, from drawings and defcrip- 
tions prefented by him, bear ample teftiraony. 

Dr. Roxburgh has been long engaged upon a more ex- 
tenfive work on the plants of India ; in order to attend to the 
publication of which, he returned home laft year, but in fo 
infirm a ftate of health, that death has unhappily prevented the 
accomplifhment of his wifhes. We truft, however, that the 
public will not be long deprived of the benefit of his labours ; 
as we underftand his work is left in a ftate nearly ready for the 
prefs. 



- r> 7^ 




C m9 ] 

DlANTHUS LEPTOPETALUS. NARROW- 
PETALLED PlNK. 

♦♦♦*♦ ♦ ♦♦*♦♦♦♦♦♦*♦ ♦ 

Cla/s and Order, 
Decandria Digynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. cylindricus, l-phyllus, bafi fquamis 4. Petala 5, un- 
guiculata. Cap/, cylindrica, 1-locularis. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 
** Flores /olitarii, plures in eodem caule. 

DlANTHUS kptopetalus ; fquamis calycinis ovatis fubariftatis 
breviffimis, petalis lanceolatis lateribus revolutis fubinte- 
gerrimis, foliis fubulatis fcabriufculis. 

DlANTHUS kptopetalus ,• floribus folitariis, fquamis calycinis 
ovatis acutis breviffimis, caule paucifloro, foliis fubulatis, 
petalis lanceolatis integerrimis. Willd. Enum. Hort. Berol. 
468. 

DlANTHUS pomeridianus. Bieb. Fl. Taur. Cauc. up. 329. 



Descr. Stem ftraight, two feet high or more, bearing only 
two or three flowers. Leaves fubulate, channelled, rough at 
the margin : lower ones longer than the fpaces between the 
knots, upper ones fhorter. Calycine /cales ovate, acuminate, 
"with a fhort arilla or mucro, membranaceous : inner pair 
broadeft, four times fhorter than the calyx. Calyx narrowed 
upwards, minutely ftriate the whole length, covered with a 
powdery pubefcence, five-toothed. Petals nearly an inch long, 
lanceolate, rolled back and fomewhat twifted, pointed, very 
pightly crenulate at the extremity, but not fo evidently as 
in our figure, white above, tinged with a yellowifh green un- 
derneath. Stamens, in our plant, fhorter than gcrmen, anthers 
imperfeft. Cermen half an inch long, club-fhaped ; Jlyles ere& : 

jligmas 



jlkmas long, ereft, fpirally twitted, not revolute, villous. The 
flowers are very fweet-fcented in the morning. 

We have little doubt but that this is the leptopetahs defcribed 
by Willdenow, (in his Enumeration of the Plants of the 
Berlin Garden,) who obferves, that it differs from pomeridianus^ 
which has the calycine fcales broader ; the tube of the calyx 
evidently ftnate at the upper part only ; a ftem bearing four or 
five flowers, which in our plant has only two or three j petals 
emarginate, not pointed as in this; and, laftly, leaves much 
broader. 

The figure of Dianthus pomeridianus in the Paradifus 
Londinenfis, though in fome refpe&s different, we fufped be- 
longs to our prefent plant. Perhaps it is the male of the fame 
fpecies of which ours is the female ; for that has no appearance 
of ftigma, as ours had no perfecl ftamens. 

Native of Mount Caucafus. Flowers in July. Communi- 
cated by Meffrs. Loddiges and Sons, who raifed it from 
feeds which they received from Vienna. 




ffi 7 4< 



A 




[ 1740 ] 

DlANTHUS VIRGINEUS. VlRGIN PlNK. 

Clqfs and Order. 
Decandria Digynia. 

Generic Character* 

Cal cylindricus, monophyllus : bafi fquamis 4. ' Petala 5, 
unguiculata. Cap/, cylindrica, 1-locularis. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms, 
** Flores folitarii, plures in eodem caule. 

DlANTHUS virgineus ; floribus folitariis, caulibus paucifloris, 

fquamis calycinis breviffimis obtufiffimis binis, petalis 

crenatis. Smith in Linn. Tranf. 2. p. 302. Willd. Sp. PL 2. 

p. 630. 
DlANTHUS virgineus ; caule fubunifloro, corollis, crenatis, 

fquamis calycinis breviffimis, foliis fubulatis. Sp. PL 590. 

Jacq. Aujtr. 5. p. 34. Tab. Append. 15. 
DlANTHUS rupejlris ; floribus folitariis, fquamis calycinis 

obtufiffimis binis, petalis crenatis. Linn. Suppl. 240. 
CARYOPHYLLUS fylveftris repens multiflorus. Bauh. Pin. 

209. 



Descr. Root creeping. Radical leaves in tufts, linear, rigid, 
fubpungent, channelled on the upper furface and keeled on the 
lower : cauline leaves fimilar but wider, embracing the ftem, 
ereft near the bafe, fpreading upwards ; about five pair below 
the firft branches. Stem, in cultivation, from one to two feet 
high. Bracles or calycine fcales two, ovate, adpreffed to the 
calyx, very obtufe, four times fliorter than the Calyx, which is 
nearly cylindrical, a little pointed, five-toothed. Petals five, 
Sometimes fix, broad-wedge-fhaped, toothed at the end, but quite 
entire at the fides, naked. Stamens included : Jligmas long ex- 
ferted, revolute. 

We 



We received this fpecies from Meffrs. Lodd ices and Sons, 
in June 1814, who informed us that they raifed it from feeds 
fent from Vienna, under the name of DiaktUus fylycftris. 
It appears to us to be evidently the virgineus, as defcnbed by 
Sir James E. Smith, in the Tranfactions of the Linnean 
Society, and figured by Jacquin, in his Flora Auftriaca. 
But the fpecies of this genus vary extremely, according to the 
foil and fituation. In our plant, we have always found the 
calycine fcales to be only two ; but it is very probable, that in 
a (tony poor foil, when the peduncles are lefs lengthened, the 
brades (of which, in the cultivated plants, there are one or 
two pair diftant from the calyx) may become clofely applied; 
and thus the number of fcales may be increafed to four, or even 
to fix. 

In Willdenow's defer iption of Dianthus w^ism, the 
calycine fcales are defcribed in one part as acute, and imme- 
diately afterwards as orbiculate. 

A hardy perennial, more likely to be injured by wet than by 
cold. J 



' 




[ i74i ] 

ZAMIA PYGM.EA. LEAST ZaMIA. 
»» j » ft ft # »fr »#j » ♦ » ♦ ♦ » ♦ 

C/^/} #«i Order. 

DlCECIA POLYANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Masc. Amentum ftrobiliforme. Gz/. fquama obovata. Cor.o. 
Anther* globofae, rima dehifcentes, in fquama feffiles. 

Fem. Anient, ftrobiliforme. Cat. fquamas peltatae. Cor. o. 

Germina 2. Styli o. Bacc* 2, i-fpermae. 

Specific Character. 

ZAMIA pygmaa g glaberrima, foliolis fubdecemjugis ovatis ob- 
liquis imbricatis apice ferrulatis, ftipite tereti, amento ovato 
nutante. 



Descr. Male plant. Fronds abruptly pinnate, about a fpan 
long, on rounded footftalks : leaflets not entirely oppofite, ovate, 
with the upper margin ftraighter and ferrulate about one-third 
down from the point : lower more curved and ferrulate half 
way, thence to the bafe quite entire, {hining, attached to the 
rachis by a cartilaginous articulation, about ten pair, fo clofe 
together as fomewhat to overlap one another : rachis double 
grooved on the upper, rounded on the under fide. Amentum 
ovate, on a fhort thick peduncle turned to one fide : fcales 
obfoletely hexagonal, bearing a number of globular white 
anthers on the under and lower fides, fome of which, when the 
flower is perfett, appear at the crevices between the fcales. The 
female plant we have not feen. 

Linn^us, in his Fragments of Natural Orders, inferted 
both Zamia and Cycas with the Palm* ; but, in his Syftem, 
he arranged them with the Filices ; in which family they were 
retained by Jussieu. Persoon and Brown make a diftinci 
order of them, under the name of Cycade*. 

Communicated by Meflrs. Loddiges and Sons, flowering 
early in May. An imported plant ; native of the Weft-Indies. 

The 



The propagation of Palms in general is very difficult. Some 
fpecies of Zamia and Cycas may indeed be increafed by divifion ; 
but of forty-two fpecies of Palms, including cycadea, under cul- 
tivation, at the prefent time, in the ftoves of Meffrs. Lod dices 
and Sons, not more than nine can be propagated in this way; 
the reft muft all be raifed from feeds, which mould be fown as 
foon as gathered, or imported alive from the tropical climes of 
which they are natives. We are alfo informed by Mr. George 
Loddiges, that the whole family likes a fandy light foil, which 
will not retain the water, but fuffer it to drain off freely : and 
that their heads fhould be kept in a warm humid atmofphere. 
But every attempt to keep up the heat of the ftove to a ftated 
degree, he confiders as abfurd, as even the hotteft climates vary 
extremely ; and their (loves at Hackney not unfrequently have 
a temperature of 120 and as low as 6o°, in the fame day; and 
this change is fo far from injuring their inhabitants, that thefe 
are manifeftly benefited thereby. 



C 1742 ] 

Seseli divaricatum. Shining Seseli. 

Oafs and Order. 
Pentandria Digynia. 

Generic Character. 

Umbella globofae. Invohcrum nullum, vel foliolo uno alterove. 
Fruclus ovatus ftriatus. 

Specific CharacJer and Synonyms. 

SESELI divaricatum ; caule ramofiflimo divaricato, foliis bi- 
pmnatifidis : laciniis lanceolatis incifis, involucris nullis : 
mvolucellis linearibus. Purfb Ear. Am. Sept. 732. Suppl. 

SESELI lucidum. Frafer's Catal. 1813. 



Had we not feen a fpecimen of this plant, marked by 
Mr. Pursh himfelf, in Mr. Lambert's Herbarium; the ob- 
fervationof this Botanift, that it " refembles Seseli tortuofum 
very much," would have led us to doubt if it could poffibly be 
his divaricatum, as it appears to us to referable nothing lefs than 
tortuofum. In the fmall plants that we have feen cultivated in 
pots, the ftem is not much branched, nor are the few branches 
very divaricate. 

We mould have preferred the name of lucidum, under which 
it was offered to fale in Mr. Fraser's Catalogue, and which 
we imagine was given it by Mr. Nuttall, by whom it was 
firft introduced into this country. 

The flowers have a fweet fcent, refembling that of the Starch 
Hyacinth. 

Perhaps a hardy Perennial. Native of Upper Louifiana. 
Communicated by Meflrs. J, and J. Fraser, of Sloane- 
oquare, 



M'iJ4- 





m 



h- 



[ 1743 ] 

PULMONARIA DAVURICA. DAURIAN 

Lung-wort. 

Oafs and Order, 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. infundibuliformis, fauce pervia. Cal prifmatico-penta 
gonus. 

Specific Character. 

PULMONARIA davurica ,- foliis radicalibus ovatis petiolatis 
fcabris, caulinis lineari-lanceolatis glabriufculis, limbo co- 
rolla? cyathiformi. 



Descr. Root perennial or biennial. Stem angular, with 
rough angles, from a fpan to a foot high, ereft, branched to- 
wards the top. Radical leaves ovate, on long footftalks, rough, 
with two or three nerves going from each fide the midrib to- 
wards the point : Cauline leaves narrow-lanceolate, quite entire, 
fcarcely rough, and fometimes quite fmooth. Flowers in nodding 
racemes, pale red, changing to bright blue. Peduncles hairy ; 
pedicles about the length of the calyx. Calyx five-cleft, hairy, 
three or four times fhorter than the tube of the corolla^ which is 
cylindrical, fomewhat flattened into four fides : limb ereft, cup- 
fhaped. Neclary five hairy glands, firft yellow, then changing 
to orange colour, in the faux of the corolla, but leaving it 
pervious. Stamens on very {hort filaments inferted into the tube : 
Anthers oblong, incumbent, within the tube. Style filiform, 
longer than the corolla : Stigma capitate, fmall. 

The glands in the faux of the corolla, and the exferted ftyle, 
approximate this fpecies to the genus Symphytum. 

Raifed from feeds fent from the Gorenki garden to Mr. 
Lambert, by Dr. Fischer. Specimens of the fame fpecies 
are preferved in Pallas's Herbarium, now in the poffeflion of 
Mr. Lambert, with the name which we have adopted in the 
Profefibr's own hand-writing ; though it appears from a fpeci- 
men, fent by him to Sir Joseph Banks, that he once thought 
it might be the fame with angufiifolia, having that name, with a 
note of interrogation, written to it. 

Flowers in May. Hardy. Propagated by feeds. 



^i; i 




[ 1744 ] 

Halleria lucida. African Fly- 
Honeysuckle. 

»»♦»♦* »»»»»♦ j uM nfrfr* 

Clqfs and Order. 

DlDYNAMIA ANGIOSPERMIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 3- f. 5-phyllus. Cor. 4-fida. Bacca fupera, bilocularis, 
polyfperma. # 

Specific Cbaracler and Synonyms, 

HALLERIA lucida; foliis ovatis acuminatis ferratis, corollis 

bilabiatis, calyce triphyllo, ftaminibus exfertis. Willd. Sp. 

Pi. 3. p. 310. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 4. p. 37. 
HALLERIA lucida; foliis ovatis, corollis bilabiatis, calyce 

triphyllo. Tbunb. Nov. Acl. Up/. 6. p. 39. 
HALLERIA. Hort. Cliff. 323. Fabric. Hort. Helm/. 389. ? 
HALLERIA lucida. Sp. PL 872. Mart. Mill. Did. 
LONICERA foliis lucidis acuminatis dentatis fru&u rotundo. 

Burin. Afric. 244. /. 89. / 2. 



Descr. Stem fhrubby, four or five feet high, trichotomoufly 
branched. Leaves oppofite, petiolated, dependent, oval- 
acuminate, ferrate, mining, netted-veined, veins depreffed on 
the upper furface, pale underneath. Flowers of a dull blood- 
colour, growing on the naked Items below the leaves, on aggre- 
gated, fubverticillate nodding peduncles. Calyx perfiftent, of 
one leaflet irregularly divided into three or four obtufe lobes. 
Corolla irregular, tube an inch long, fomewhat curved, funnel- 
fhaped : limb bilabiate : the upper lobe emarginate, lateral 
ones very obtufe, lower lip very fhort, preffed in underneath. 
Stamens four, equal-exferted : anthers incumbent. Be fides the 
four perfeQ flamens, there is the rudiment of a fifth filament 
half the length of the tube, fterile. Germen fuperior, flefhy, 

conical. 



conical, bilocular : Style afcendant, longer than the ftamens : 
Stigma acute. 

We have not feen the ripe fruit ; according to Fabricius 
it is a foft fucculent brown-black berry, crowned with the dried 
remains of the calyx ; but it is very doubtful whether he 
defcribes the fame plant, though his account of the corolla 
correfponds well enough. The germen in our plant is evi- 
dently fuperior, and could not therefore be crowned with the 
calyx, unlefs it increafes at the bafe only and elevates the calyx 
in its prOgrefs. 

The rudiment of the fifth filament, and the equal, exferted 
ftamens approximate this plant to the genus Lonicera, as a 
fpecies of which Burmann confidered it. 

Communicated by John Walker, Efq. of Arno's-Grove, 
Southgate ; flowering at the beginning of May. A greenhoufe 
fhrub; propagated by cuttings. Cultivated by Philip Miller, 
in 1752. 




X ">+5 



4 




[ *745 ] 
Acacia, decipiens. Paradoxical 
Acacia. 

» » » M» ♦ * » M ■ > » ft ft* »♦ 

POLVCAMIA MONCECIA. 

Generic Character. 

Hermaphrod. Cal. 5-dentatus. Cor. 5 -fida, feu 5-petala. 
Stam. 4—100. Pjtf. 1. Leguyi- 2-valve. 

Masc. Gz/. 5-dentatus. Cor. 5-fida, f. 5-petala. «<w». 4— 

100. 

•$>?«# Characler and Synonyms. 

ACACIA decipiens; foliis triangularibus paffimque trapezoideis 1: 
angulo exteriore fpinofo; interiore glandulifero, ftipuhs 
fetaceis caducis, ramulis glabris, capitulis fohtanis 7—10- 
floris. Brown in Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 5. p. 4^3- 

MIMOSA decipiens; foliis triangulari-cuneiformibus Iparhs. 
Konig in Ann. of Bot. 1. p. 366. • • 1 ' 1 

ADIANTHUM tmncatum ; fronde fimphci, pinnis atternis 
triangulari fublunulatis angulofis fpinulofis. Burnt, tl. lnd. 

p. 235. /. 66./. 4. T 

ADIANTHUM indicum, foliis irregulanter mangulis ex Java. 

D. Kleinboff, ex Burmanno. 
ADIANTHUM tmncatum ; frondibus decompohtis, tolioiis 
pinnatis: pinnis alternis cuneatis fubfalcatis truncaus inte- 
gerrimis. Linn. Syjl. Veg. ed. 13. p. 79°- Retch ' S ?' FL 4# 



This curious ftirub has been particularly defcnbed in the 
Annals of Botany, as above quoted, by our friend Charles 
Konig, Efq. by whom its fpeciHc name was firft given, which 
ferves to commemorate a remarkable circumftance in its niltory. 
The firft notice taken of this plant was by Profeffor N. L. 
Burmann, who received it from a Mr. Kleinhoff, as an 

ADIANTHUMji 



ADiAWTHUM,underwhichiiaincbeouhliflicditin his Flora Indica. 
From the ProfefTor it was adopted by Linn a us, and inferted 
m the thirteenth edition of his Svftema Vegetabilium, by 
Murray. The difcovery of the real genus of this plant was 
made by the late Jonas Drvasder, Efq. who identified 
Burm Ann's plant with a fpecimen brought from the fouth-weft 
coaft of New-Holland, by Mr. Menzies, and afcertained it to 
be a true Mimosa, belonging to the divifion, fince feparated 
by Willdenow, under the name of Acacia. This plant 
is a native of the fouth-weft coaft of New-Holland, not of 
North-America, as at firft ftated in the Annals of Botany, but 
corrected in the errata. Whether Mr. Klexnhoff reallv 
collected his Specimen in Java, as appears from Burmann's 
account, is uncertain. 

Communicated to us by John Walker, Efq. from his 
highly interefting colle-dion, at Arno's-Grove. Introduced to 
the Kew-Garden in 1803, by Mr. Peter Good. Flowers 
trom March to June. Propagated by cutting. 






14 




[ *746 ] 

CORR^EA SPECIOSA, RED-FLOWERED 
CORR^A. 

ft»** ft » j »■»$ » j ifc jj,fr y j || n n^ ^ ^ 
CZ^/5- #»J Order. 

OCTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Generic Chamber. 

G*/. campanulatus, 4-dentatus. O. 4-petala (vel adglutina- 
tione i-petala). Cap/. ^ocularis, 4-valvis, loculis i-fpermis. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

CORR/EA fpeciofa; foliis ovalibus petiolatis finuato-denticulatis 
fubtus ferrugineis, floribus eredis, calycibus edentulis. 

CORR JE A fpeciofa. Epitome Hart. Kew. inter addenda. Bot. Rep. 
653. Bot an. Regijl. n. 26. 

CORR^EA rubra. Smith Exot. Bot. v. 2. p. 26. fine icone. 



The whole plant, not excepting the corolla, is covered with 
a ftellated pubefcence, thicker and frequently ferrugineous on 
the underfide of the leaf. The tube of the' corolla has four 
lines, which may be fuppofed to mark out the adhefion of the 
lour petals, but which we have not found to be feparable 
without tearing. The leaves in different fpecimens vary from 
elliptical, to oblong-cordate ; the apparent finuofities of the 
margm arife from this part being unequally rolled back, rather 
than from any real incifure or denticulation. 

As Sir James E. Smith had given the diftinguifhing cha- 
racters of this fpecies, when defcribing Corr*:a virens in the 
Exotic Botany, and had called it rubra, this appropriate name 
ought to have been retained; when the three known fpecies 
would have all derived their appellations from the colour of 
jneir flowers, alba, virens, and rubra s but as the nurferymen's 
favourite name of fpeciofa feems now to be generally adopted, 



we 



we have rather fallen in with it, than run the rifk of making 
any confufion, though, by fo doing, we give up both the right 
of priority and the preferable name. 

The genus was firft eftablifhed by Sir James E. Smith, in 
honour of that excellent Portuguefe Botanift, Mr. Joseph 

CORREA DE SERRA. 

Native of New South- Wales. Firft difcovered by Sir 
Joseph Banks and Dr. Solander. Introduced in 1804. 
Propagated by cuttings. Requires to be protected from froft ; 
but ought to have a free circulation of air. Thrives beft in 
a mixture of light loam and peat-mould. Flowers in March, 
April, and May. Communicated by Meflrs. Loddiges and 
Sons. 



N' t 



"W 




C *747 ] 
Euphorbia variegata. Pye-balled 
Spurge. , 

4 #-• #• £ sMWh*- *-4hMh^ * ♦ & #♦♦ 

C/g/S #»</ Order. 

DoDECANDRIA TrIGYNIA* 

Generic Character. 

Cor. 4- f. 5-petala, calyci infidcns. Cal. l-phyllus ventricofus. 
Cap/, tricocca. 

Specific Character. 

EUPHORBIA variegata i (herbacea dichotoma) foliis ovalibus 
integerrimis undulatis glabris, pedunculis axillaribus uni- 
floris, petalis orbiculatis, capfulis glabris, caule hirto. 



All the parts of this hitherto unnoticed plant are fmooth, 
except the item, which is hairy. A few of the lower leaves 
are plain, but as foon as the {'lowers begin, though they pre- 
ferve the fame form, take on an appearance of bractes, the 
margins being furrounded with a band, which, like the petals, 
is perfectly white, and becomes broader and broader towards 
the extremity of the branch, till the uppermoft leaves are all 
white except a narrow line along the midrib. The ftyles are 
united half-way up, then become bifid and revolute with obtufe 
ftigmas. The filaments alfo are bifid. 

This fpecies approaches to mdifiora, but differs efTentially in 
having folitary flowers ; befides that, the petals and every part 
of the fructification are larger, while the plant itlelf is much 
fmaller. 

It is an annual j propagated by feeds only. Native of Upper 
Louifiana. Introduced by Mr. Nuttal. 

Our drawing was taken laft September, at Meflrs. Lee and 
Kennedy's, Hammcrfmith. 



[ *74« ] 

GOMESA RECURVA. RECURVED GOMESA. 

C/tf/} #«i Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

Div. IV. Anthera terminalis mobilis decidua. Maff<e pollinis 
demum cereaceae. 

Generic Charatlcr. 

Labellum ecalcaratum indivifum, bicriftatum, feffile, cum bafi 
columnae apterae liberae continuum. Petala 2 antica exteriorum 
connata, labello fuppofita. Maffa pollinis 2, hinc (ulco obliquo 
bilobee, apice connexae proceffu communi fligmatis. Brown Mff. 

Specific Name. 
GOMESA recurva. Brown Mff. 



Descr. Stem-bulb ovate, comprcfTcd with (harp margins. 
Leaves lanceolate, widening upwards, in our fpecimen three 
from the crown of the bulb; from the bafe of which ifiue two 
others enfolding, in their broad compreffed petioles, both the 
lower part of the fcape and of the bulb. Scape, one on each, 
fide, about nine inches long, rounded, recurved. Bracles, one 
at the bafe of each flower, ovate, concave, membranaceous. 
Germen inferior, club-fhaped, terminating in a very fhort 
peduncle. Corolla ringent; three fuperior petals more or lefs ereft, 
concave, with undulated edges, obtule, moftly connivent up- 
ward : the two lexer ones united into one, nearly the whole 
length, dependent, appearing like a fecond lip to the flower, fome- 
what longer than the others ; the two ribs (hew this to be really 
two petals united. The true lip or labellum (ne&ary of Linn jl us) 
is fhorter than the lower petal, oval, with a double ridge on 
each fide towards the bafe, united with the column which 
has no appendices or lateral filaments. Anther a hood-fhaped 
moveable lid. Pollen maffes two, round-oval, fmooth bodies 
obliquely fulcated on the under fide, connected by an elaftic 

pellucid 



pellucid pedicle terminating on the edge of the ftigma. Stigma a 
circular depreflion, juft below the anther. Flowers Iweet- 
fcented, greenifh yellow. 

This curious plant has never, we believe, been before 
defcribed. We are indebted to our friend, Robert Brown, 
Efq. for generic character and name, given to it in honour of 
Bernardinus Antonius Gomes, Phyfician to the Portu- 
guefe fleet, and author of Botanico-Medical Obfervations on the 
Plants of Brazil, a very refpe&able work, written in the Latin 
and Portuguefe languages. 

Native of the Brazils. Communicated by Mr. William 
Anderson, curator of the Botanic Garden belonging to the 
Company of Apothecaries 3 at Chelfea, the latter-end of May 
lad. 



Xr 




[ *749 ] 

Arnica Montana. Mountain Arnica, 
or Leopard's-bane. 

Syngenesia Polycamia. Superflua. 

Generic Chamber. 

Recept. nudum. Pappus fimplex. Cj/. foliolis sequalibus, 
Corollula radii faepius filamentis 5 abfque antheris. 

Specific Chamber and Synonyms. 

ARNICA montam ; foliis ovatis integris : caulinis geminis op- 
pofitis. Sp. PL 1245. IVilld. 3. p. 2106. i/or/. Kew. ed. 
alt. 5. />. 83. Mart. Mill. Dicl. Flor. Dan. t. 63. Svenjk 
Bot. 186. Gartn. Frucl. 2. />. 451. /. 173. / 1. Alliotd 
Pedem. n. 743. Scop. Carniol. n. 1086. Leers Herb. n. 
651. Krock. Silef. n. 1420. Villars Dauph. 3.JP.207. £/tfcfor. 
Germ. t. 595. ^««fo. Medical Botany, 1. />. 10. raw k, 
Stokes Bot. Mat. Med. 4. p. 228. /£r& vfr//>:. Cent. 10. 
Drc. 9. /. 9. Lam. et Decand. Flore Fra/y. 4. p. 175. /W# 
Pal. n. 809. 

ARNICA. £<?///» Obf. vol. 1. raw Zwtf. 

ARNICA foliis conjugates ovatis integerrimis. Hall. Hifi. ft. 90. 

DORONICUM oppofuifolinm. Lam. Dicl. 2. p. 312. 

DORONICUM Auftriacum quartum. Cluf. Pan. 522. 

DORONICUM 5. germanicum ct 6. pannonicum. C//^. Hj/?, 
2. p. 18- 

DORONICUM Plantaginis folio alterum. Baub. Pin. 185. 

CALTHA alpina. Taiern. 336. ed.Genn.p. 714- 

ALISMA. AfoMfc D/'o/?. 934. <f/«/&w Compend. 606. Baub. 
Hift. 3. pars 1. />. 20. //or/. Eyft. Mfi. 14. /. 8./ 2. 

PTARMICA montana. Dalecb. Lugd. 1169. «/. Gu//. 2. p. 68. 

DAMASONIUM f. Alifma Matthioli. Dalecb. 1057. ^. 
Gallic. 1. 924. 

CHRYSANTHEMUM latifolium. Dod. 263. Ger.Emac.742. 

For 



For^the clafs it belongs to, the Arnica montana is a fhewy 
plant j but the prejudices we imbibe in the nurfery againft the 
Dandelion, otherwife a plant of confiderable beauty, have an 
influence upon our feelings with refpecl to the whole of the 
fyngenefiae, or at lead of thofe that have yellow flowers : on 
this account, they are favourites with few. Many of them, 
however, poflefs very aBive medicinal powers ; amongft which, 
this is one of the molt eminent ; though it has never been re- 
ceived into the London Difpenfatory. In the countries where it 
grows fpontaneoufly, it has been feldom overlooked, and its 
lternutatory qualities have moftly acquired for it the name of 
Mountain Snuff. 

Dr. Co l i n, of Vienna, publifhed fuch extravagant encomiums 
on the virtues of this plant, that, as has happened in many other 
mftances, if they had the effeft of acquiring for it a temporary 
celebrity, finally occafioned its total negled. It is evident, how- 
ever, from the teftimony of writers both prior and pofterior to 
Dr. Colin's publication, as well as from its very a£live fenfible 
qualities, that it poffefles very valuable properties, and, where it 
can be obtained in perfeaion, may be fuccefsfully had recourfe 
to, as a remedy for many difeafes. 

For a fhort account of the medicinal virtues of the Arnica, 
Dr. Woodville's Medical Botany may be confulted; and for 
a reference to all the writers on the fubjea, Dr. Stokes's 
Botanical Materia Medica. 

A hardy perennial, loving a fliady and moift fituation. Cul- 
tivated by Philip Miller, in 1731. Flowers in July and 
Auguft. Communicated by Mr. Salisbury, from his Botanic 
Garden in Sloane-Street. 



A'- 



n5i 



^^^ 




[ V5° ] 

Acacia discolor. Two-coloured- 
leaved Acacia. 

Ck/} £»i Order, 

• POLYGAMIA MoNCECIA, 

Generic Character. 

IIermaph. Gz/. 3-dentatus. C<?r. 5-fida vel 5-petala. Stain. 
4 — 100. Pi/I. 1. Legumen 2-valve. 

Masc. Cal. 5-dentatus. Cor, 5-fida vel 5-petala. Stam. 4 — 

100. 

Specific CbaraBer and Synonyms. 

ACACIA difcolor ; inermis, foliis bipinnatis : partialibus quin- 
quejugis : propriis fub decemjugis fubtus difcoloribus, 
fpicis globolis pedunculatis racemofis terminalibus et axil- 
laribus. Willd. Sp. PL 4. p. 1068. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 5, 
p. 467. 

MIMOSA difcolor. Bot. Repof. 235. ■ 



A handfome Jhrub with dark green fmooth leaves, underneath 
more or lefs white, fometimes reddifh brown. The young 
branches are angular, clothed with a thick (hort pubefcence. 
Flowers in globular heads, about twelve in a head, on racemes : 
pedicles alternate, diftant, growing nearly in right lines from the 
common peduncle, which is clothed with alternate, fmall, acute, 
fcaly bracles. Calyx five-cleft. Petals five, whitifh. Stamens 
very many, in little brufh-like tufts. Germen oblong-ovate. 
Style generally longer than the ftamens. 

Native of New South-Wales. Flowers in all feafons. Pro- 
pagated by cuttings. Introduced in 1788, by the Right Hon, 
Sir Joseph Banks, Bart. K, B. 







7 



C 1751 3 

Cymbidium ensifolium. Sword-leaved 
Cymbidium. 

Clafs and Order. 
Gynandkia Monandria. 

Generic Character. 

Labellum ecalcaratum, concavum, cum bafi (Timplici nee 
produ&a) columns articula'tum. Petala patentia, diiiincla. 
Majfa pollinis 2, pollice bilobae. Brown in Hurt. Kew. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

CYMBIDIUM enJifoUuni; foliis radicalibus enfiformibus ner- 
vofis, fcapo tereti paucifloro, labello ovato fubrccurvato 
maculate Swartz Nov. Acl. Up/. 6. p. 77. IVilld. Sp. PL 
4- p. 110. . . 

EPIDENDRUM enjifolium. Spec. Plant. 1352. Smtto Spicdcg. 
p. 22. /. 24. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 5. p. 213. Bot. Rep. 344. 
Thanh. Icon. Dec. 1. t. 8. 

EPIDENDRUM >«■#£. Redout e Liliac. 11 3. 

LIMODORUM enfatunu Thunb. Jap. 29. fl**k Ic. Kampj. 
t. 3. optima. 

RAN vulgo et litteratis. Tfewj^. Amcen. 863. 



The Cymbidium f/#>to is a very valuable ftove plant, 
being more eafily preferved and propagated, by parting us roots, 
than moft of this natural order, and poffeffing the advantage of 
being exceedingly fragrant. 

It has confiderable affinity with CymbidiumW (No. 888J; 
but is fpecifically diftina from that fpecies. Monl. Redoute 
has figured our plant, but has erroneoufly given it the name ot 
finenfe. . c . 

Native of China and Japan. Flowers the latter end of the 
fummer. Cultivated before 1780, by the late Dr. John 

FOTHERGILL. 



Wnte 




[ VS* ] 

Centaurea Rhapontica, Swiss 

Centaury. 

$ a # c $ $ $ $ ■ jfc ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 4» ♦ ♦ ' ♦ ♦ ♦ 

Syngenesia Polygamia Frustranea. 

Generic Charatler. 

Recept. fetofum. Pappus fimplcx. Cor. radii infundibuliformes, 
longiores, irregulares. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

CENTAUREA Rhapontica; calycibus fcariofis : fquamis ovatis 
laceris, foliis ovato-oblongis denticulatis fubtus tomentofis. 
Willd. Sp. PL 3. p. 2305. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 5. p. 153. 

CENTAUREA Rhapontica; calycibus fcariofis, foliis ovato- 
oblongis denticulatis integris petiolatis : fubtus tomentofis. 
Sp. PL 1294. Hort. Cliff. 421. Villars Dauph. 3. p. 44. 

RHAPONTICUM. Hall. Enum. p. 687. n. 1. 

CYNARA foliis petiolatis lanceolatis ad pediculum emargina- 
tis. Hall. Emend. 2. n. 64. 

CENTAURIUM foliis petiolatis lanceolatis ad pediculum 
emarginatis. Hall. Hijl. n. 160. 

CENTAURIUM majus folio Helenii incano. Tourn. Injl. 449. 

CENTAURIUM majus. Cord. Hijl. lib. 4. c. sg. 

RHAPONTICUM folio Helenii incano. Bank. Pin. 117. 

RHA five Rhei, ut exiftimatur. Icon. Bod. Pempt. 389. 

RHA capitatum Centaurii majoris facie, Enute folio. Lob. 
Obf. i^.—adverf. 118. lc. 228. 

RHAPONTICUM alterum anguftifolium. Lob.Ic.22S. Park. 
Theat. 157. 



The Centaurea Rhapontica is remarkable for the fize of its 

flowers, which yield only to the artichoke, among plants of 

this order. It had once confiderable celebrity, as being fup- 

pofed to be the parent of the Rhubarb of the (hops, though it 

r does 



does not appear to be pofleiTed of the fenfible qualities of that druq. 
By fome, though acknowledged to be different from the rhubarb, 
or Rha barbarum, it was fuppofed to be the Rheurn ponticum 
of Dioscorides and Pliny. But neither is this very pro- 
bable, nor is it worth while now to inquire about it: the 
plant producing the rhubarb of the fhops being at prefent well 
known, and of not uncommon occurrence in our gardens. 

There is a variety with narrower leaves, but in other refpe&s 
the plants feem to be the fame. Native of the Alps of Swit- 
zerland and of Italy. Except the figure of Dodonius, re- 
printed and copied fo many times, it does not feem to have 
been ever before reprefented ; unlefs the figure above quoted 
from Cord us be intended for it, which is very dubious. 

It is a hardy perennial. Cultivated in 1640, by Parkinson. 
Our drawing was taken fome years ago from a fpecimen com- 
municated by MefTrs. Loddiges and Sons, and we have been 
lately favoured with the fame from John Walker, Efq. 
Arno's-Grove. 



N' lyM 




[ 1753 ] 
lonicera sempervirens (,3.) minor. 
Carolina Trumpet Honeysuckle. 

j!r «*» «** »J» n!> «!» A A a «'«»'< v'» >'< A »,'< «># o » «t » 

•>}» sjr * k s ij* ?j^ «j» vf» ' <j» 'i» *j» i» f* »B «j» 'j* •,■» <j* <i» 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. l-petala, irregularis. Bacca polyfperma 3 bilocularis, 
infera. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

LONICERA fcmpervirens ; fpicis fubnudis terminalibus, foliis 
oblongis : fummis connato-perfoliatis, corollis fubasquali- 
bus : tubo fuperne ventricofo. Willd. Sp. PL l.p. 983. Hort. 
Kew. ed. alt. 1. p. 377. 

a. major ; foliis Jubrotundis. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 1. p. 377. Supra 
n. 781. 

j3. minor ; foliis oblongis. Hort. Kew. I. c. Heic n. 1753. 

PERICLYMENUM floribus capitatis terminalibus, foliis lan- 
ceolatis oppofitis fubtus glaucis : fummis connato-perfoliatis 
fempervirentibus. Miller's Herbar. apud Banks. 



Both the varieties of the Trumpet Honeyfuckle were culti- 
vated at Chelfea, by Mr. Philip Miller, who was doubtful 
whether they ought not rather to be confidercd as diftina fpecics. 
Our prefent plant is a native of Carolina, and is every way 
more delicate than the Virginian or larger fort ; but we cannot 
find any charaBers by which it can be marked as fpecifically 
different. The leaves are narrower, more glaucous underneath, 
and the flowers are (tenderer and of a more delicate colour, 
inimitable by art, efpecially over a black engraving. 

This variety is too tender to bear the inclemency of our 
winters, if they happen to be at all fevere ; and therefore, when 
treated as a hardy fhrub, it is generally foon loft. It is a good 
climber for the confervatory, and its beauty renders* it worthy 
of fuch a fituation. It has been fo long loft to our gardens, that 
when lately introduced by Meffrs. J. and J. T. Fraser, it was 
confidered as new. 

Flowers moll part of the fummer. Propagated by cuttings, 
or more certainly by layers. Communicated from Eraser's 
American Nurfery, Sloane-Square. 



A T *<n54 




E 1754 3 

P.eonia Anomala. Jagged-leaved 
Siberian P^eony. 

Clqfs and Order. 

POLYANDRIA DlGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 
Cal. 5-phyllus. Pelala 5. Styli o. Cap/, polyfpermae. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

P/EONIA anomala ; foliis biternatis : foliolis multipartita 
nudis : laciniis lanceolatis, capfulis depreflis glabris. WML 
Sp. PL 2. p. 1222. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 3. p. 316. Bot. 
Repof. 514. 

P^EONIA anomala; calyce foliofo, capfulis glabris depreflii. 
Linn. Mant. 247. 

PyEONIA fruftibus quinque glabris patentibus. Gmel. Sibir, 
4. p. 184. /. 72. 

P^EONIA laciniata; foliis biternatis, foliolis acute laciniatis, 
germinibus glabris. Pall. Rojf. 2. p. 93. t. 85. 



P,£Onia anomala has for the mod part five capfules, which 
are not upright, but fpreading. The root, in its native foil, 
is faid to grow very large, dividing into tuberous branches a 
foot long, yellow on the outfide and white within, fmelling 
like Florentine Iris. There are two varieties, the one having 
flowers of a pale, the other of a more intenfe purple colour. 

Native of Siberia, confequently confidered as a hardy 
perennial. Yet we have frequently obferved, that it perifhes 
in the winter. This is probably owing to the wetnefs, not to 
the cold of our climate ; though many plants which, in their 
native foil, are covered with fnow, are liable to injury from the 
latter caufe ; partly, perhaps, from the want of this natural 
defence, and partly from beginning to vegetate too early, 

and 



and being then cut off by our fpring frofts. We do not know- 
that it has yet been put in practice; but we mould recom- 
mend the roots to be taken up, as foon as the foliage is all 
decayed, and preferved in dry fand, proteQed from the froft, 
during the winter, planting them out early in the fpring. 

Introduced in 1788, by John Bell, Efq. Communicated 
by Meffrs. Chandler and Buckingham, from their Nurfery, 
at Vauxhall. Flowers in May and June. 



17* L 




C 1755 ] 

Lasiopetalum purpureum. Purple- 
flowered Lasiopetalum. 

hH^ * ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ * 

Clqfs and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. rotatus, quinquefidus. Stamina bafi fquama munita. 
Anther* apice poris 2. Capfula fupera, 3-locularisj trivalvis : 
valvis medio feptiferis. 

Specific Charatler and Synonym. 

LASIOPETALUM purpureum j foliis ovalibus integerrimis. 
Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 2. p. 36. 



Descr. A \owJhrub, decumbent unlefs fupported, covered 
in every part, not excepting the flowers, with a ftellated pu- 
befcence. Leaves oblong-elliptical, quite entire, alternate. 
StipuU heart-fhaped, oblique, ibmetimes lobed, growing in pairs 
or fingly above the petiole. Thefe ftipules do not accompany 
all the leaves, and are fometimes diftant from the leaf. It 
often happens that the peduncle takes the place of one of the 
ftipules, fo that the leaf Rands in the middle with a ftipule on 
one fide and a peduncle on the other. Stamens two or three 
times longer than the leaf, about fix-flowered : flowers looking 
one way. Flowers have no corolla, but a purple-coloured 
calyx, fupported underneath by a ternate involucre or bracle con- 
fiding of three linear leaflets looking all one way. Stamens five, 
filaments very fhort ; anthers black, conniving at the points; 
germen fuperior, three-cornered ; fiyle confiderably longer than 
ftamens ; jligma Ample. 

The lively purple flowers without fcent remain very long 
expanded, and coming in fucceffion, this little grecnhoufe flirub 

continues in bloffom nearly half the year. 

Native 



Native of New South-Wales. Diicovered by Robert 
Brown, Efq, Introduced in 1803, by Mr. Peter Good. 
Thrives bell in a Tandy peat, with a {light admixture of loam. 

Communicated by Meflrs. Loddiges and Sons, and by 
MeflTrs, Coi ..ville and Son. 



& tjti 




C 1756 ] 

Pjeonia albiflora. White-flowered 

P^ony. 

Qqfs and Order. 

POLYANDRIA DlGYNIA. 

Generic Charafter. 
Cal. 5-phyllus. Petala 5. Styli. o. Cap/, polyfpermae. 

Specific Character and Synonyms, 

P-EONIA albiflora ; foliis bitematis : foliolis ovato-lanceolatis 

integris nudis, capfulis recurvatis glabris. Willd. Sp. PL 

2. p. 1222. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 3. p. 316. 
a. P^EONIA albiflora; foliis ternatis : foliolis lobatis nitentibus 

germinibus ternis glabris. Pall. Roff. 2. p. 90. /. 84. 
P^EONIA lafteo fiore, foliis utrinque viridantibus. Amman. 

Ruth. 77. n. 103. 
P^EONIA {lore albo fimplici. Atl. Nat. Curiof. v. 3. p. 355, 

n. 20. 
PjEONIA fruBibus tribus glabris. Gmel. Sib. 4. p. 184. 
P^IONIA albiflora. Bot. Repof. 64. 
0. P^EONIA edulis. Sali/b. Parad. Lond. 78. 
y. P^EONIA albiflora, flore pleno. Bot. Repof. 612. 
2. flore pleno rubro. 



The flowers of the P,eonia albiflora are fragrant, efpecially 
in the evening ; the roots are faid to be eaten in foups in 
Siberia. 

Several varieties of this fpecies are cultivated in the gardens, 
differing from one another in the flze of the flowers and number, 
form, and colour of the petals; fome being flefli-coloured, 
fome pure white, fome jagged at the margin, and fome quite 
entire. The piftils, from which we hoped to derive more conftant 

characters, 



chara&ers, vary in colour, and in number from three to four. 
In our plant, which had eight petals, both gcrmens and ftigmas 
were quite white. Another variety, fent at the fame time, under 
the name of tatarica, had fmaller flowers, calycine leaflets more 
fimple, and leaves lefs confluent, the four germens and ftigmas 
red. In a third fpecimen, communicated by our friend, John 
Walker, Efq. the flowers were larger; petals twelve, jagged 
at the edge ; germens three, greenifh red j ftigmas flefh-coloured ; 
branches coloured at the point only. The double forts, of 
which there are white, flefti-coloured, and bright red varieties, 
all fweet-fcented, are much larger plants, and we are not certain 
that they are really of the fame fpecies. 

Our drawing was taken from a plant communicated by 
MefTrs. Chandler and Buckingham, Nurferymen, at 
Vauxhall. Native of Siberia, beyond the lake Baical. Flowers 
in May and June. Introduced in 1784, by Chevalier Pallas. 
Propagated by cuttings of the root. Hardy. 



[ *757 ] 

Daviesia Latifolia. Broad-leaved 
Daviesia. 

♦ »♦♦♦♦ ♦♦♦♦*♦*♦♦ *•*■$♦ 

Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic Chamber. 

Cat. angulatus, ebrafteatus. Cor. papilionacea : carina vexillo 
brevior. Germen pedicellatum, difpermum. Stylus ftri&us. 
Stigma fimplex. Legumen compreffum, angulatum, elaftice de- 
hifcens. Slropbiola feminis poftice integra. Brown in Hort, 
Kew. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms, 

DAVIESIA latifolia i ramis inermibus, foliis ellipticis ovali- 
bufye venofis bali fubattenuatis, racemis axillaribus multi- 
floris. Brown in Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 3. p. 20. 

DAVIESIA latifolia. Bot. Repof. 638. 



Descr. A neat fhrub about two feet high. Branches few, 
erecl, long, angles obfolete when frefh, but when dry more 
evident. Leaves alternate, quite entire, oval, terminated with 
a fmall mucro, netted veined, two or three inches long, in 
width half as much. Flowers in axillary racemes, ufually folitary, 
now and then two together, with concave, reddifh, reflexed, 
perfiflent bratlcs, longer than the pedicles. Calyx campanulate, 
with very fhort nearly equal teeth, bilabiately arranged : upper 
lip truncate. Vexillum orbiculate, emarginate : al<e linear, nearly 
equal to the vexillum in length : carina very fhort, one-petaled. 
Filaments diftincT:. Germen oblong, compreffed, with two ovula. 
Style forming a right angle with the germen : Jligma acute. 

The genus Daviesia was firft eftablifhed by the Prefident 
of the Linnean Society, in the 4th volume of their Tranfa&ions, 
in honour of the Reverend Hugh Davies, celebrated for his 
knowledge of the Britifh Flora. 

Native of Van Diemen's Ifland, where it was detected by 
Robert Brown, Efq. and introduced to the Royal Gardens 
at Kew, in 1 805. A hardy greenhoufe fhrub. Propagated by 
cuttings. Thrives bed in a fandy peat foil. Communicated by 
Meffrs. Loddiges and Sons, 



M^ipfi 




[ 1758 ] 
Erica Hibbertiana. Hibbert's Heath. 

C/j/} tf#i Order, 

OcTANDRIA MoNOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 4-phyllus. Cor. perfiflens : limbo 4-fido. Anthers ante 
anthefin per foramina 2 lateralia connexae. Cap/. 4 — 8-locularisj 
4 — 8-valvis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

II. Longiflorae. F. Anthera muticae. iW/tf quaterna vel plura. 
Flore s axillares. Bra5ie<£ duae calyci proximo, tertia remota. 

ERICA Hibbertiana i germine cylindrico, corolla glabra glu> 

tinofa. Hort. Kezv. ed. alt. 2. p. 378. 
ERICA Hibbertia. Andrews's Heaths, vol. 3. 



This is a very fine, flout growing Heath, which takes its 
name from George Hibbert, Efq. of Clapham-Common, 
once a zealous cultivator of rare plants from all quarters of the 
globe, efpecially from the Cape of Good-Hope, where this 
fpecies was difcovered by his collector, Mr. James Nivfn, 
and introduced in 1800. 

The variety figured by Andrews has fix leaves in a whorl, 
and the corolla tipped with green. 

Flowers in the middle of fummer. Drawn at Meflrs, Lef 
and Kennedy's. 



C ^59 ] 

DURANTA ELLISIA. PRICKLY DuRANTA. 

Clafs and Order, 

DlDYNAMIA AnGIOSPERMIA. 

Generic Characler. 
Cat. 5-fidus, fuperus. Drupci 4-fperma. Nux 2-locularis. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 
DURANTA EUi/ia ; calycibus fruaefcentibus ereais. Sp. PL 

888. IVilld. 3. p. 380. J acq. Amer. 187. /. 176. / 77. 

Jacq. Pip .92. /. 179. Hon. Vindob. 3. p. 51. /. 99. Hort. 

hew. ed. ah. 4. p. 59. Sivartz Qbf. 247. 
ELLISIA frutefcens quandoque fpinofa, foliis ovatis utrinque 

acutis ad apicem ferratis, fpicis alaribus. Brown Jam 262. 

t. zg.f. 1. 

JASMINUM folio integro obtufo, flore c<eruleo racemofo, 
fruQu flavo. SloaneCat.Jam. 169. Hifl. 2.^.97. 

Three fpecies of Duranta are recorded in Willdenow's 
edition of the Species Plantarum ; but it is even doubtful 
whether all or them are not mere varieties of the fame. The 
branches in the fame fpecies are defcribed as being fometimes 
befet with thorns, but often not; the leaves as Wtimes quite 
entire, at other times fa wed at the edge , and Swartz remarks, 
hat the calycine laciniae of the fruit, Jacquin's mark of dif- 
tinaion, are found to be both erea and twifted on the fame 
branch. In our plant, which agrees with Jacquin's figure of 
Lhfia no fooner had the flower dropped, than the teeth of the 
calyx began to twill together. 

Two kinds one with thorns and the other conftantly without, 
are however (till cultivated in our colleens, and are probably 
the lame fpecies as defcribed by Philip Miller. The leaves 
of tht fmootb are larger and more coarfely ferrated and the 
branches more rounded than in the prickly Duranta 

Native of South-America and the Weft-Indies' and treated 
with us as a ftove plant. Miller, by whom it was cultivated 
before the year 1739, remarks, however, that it docs ben when 
expofed to the open air in mild weather, and fays he has pre- 
icrved it through the winter without artificial heat. Propagated 
by feeds; or by cuttings, which llrike readily 

Communicated by A. B. Lambert, Efq. from his colleflioii 
at iioyton, where it was railed from feeds received from Mexico. 



iV ? ,y6. 




L 1760 ] 

Mentzelia oligosperma. Few-seeded 
Mentzelia. 

♦ $♦♦♦♦♦ ft ♦♦♦♦&#♦♦ ♦■♦♦ 

Clafs and Order. 

PoLYANDRlA MoNOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. 5-petala. Cal. 5-phyllus. Cap/, infera, cylindrica, poly- 
fperma. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

MENTZELIA oligofperma ; caule ramofo, pedunculis axillari- 

bus folitariis, petalis acuminatis, fruftibus reflexis. 
MENTZELIA oligofperma. Nuttall in Frafers Catal. 



Descr. This plant is covered in every part, corolla ex- 
cepted, with {tiff hairs, armed their whole length with hooks, fo 
fmall as to be invihble to the naked eye. The effecl of thefe 
is to make every part of the plant adhere to whatever comes in 
comae! with it, and its different parts to one another, when 
brought together by the wind or other caufe. Thefe hairs are 
fo tranfparent, that, when viewed through a lens, they appear 
as if made of glafs, and to the naked eye give the bark of the 
ftem and branches a filvery appearance. One of them, highly 
magnified, is reprefented in the plate. 

Leave s alternate, ovate, unequally toothed : teeth mucronate. 
Flowers bright orange, axillary, iolitary, on peduncles fhorter 
than the germen, which is inferior. Calycine lacini<e awl-fhaped, 
fpreading. Corolla of five fpreading, oval, acuminate petals. 
Stamens about twelve, inferted at the bafe of the corolla. Cap- 
fule cylindrical, fomewhat curved, one-celled, containing only 
two or three oblong angulated feeds. 

Mentzelia oligofperma is a perennial with a tuberous root, 
was found by Mr. Nuttall on the borders of the Miflouri, in 
Upper Louiliana, growing among the rocks, and introduced by 
him in 1812. Communicated by our friend, A. B. LamberTj 
Efq. from his Hove at Bo) ton. Tlowers in May and June. 




I "VjOi 



C 1761 ] 

Metrosideros Speciosa. Shewy 
Metrosideros. 

*** * * ** ** M »»»*♦ **» 

C/tf/j j«i Order. 

ICOSANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Generic Cbarafier. 

Cal. 5-fidus, femifuperus. Petala 5. 67<zw///a longiffima* 
exlerta. Stigma fimplex. C^ 3- vel 4-locularis. 

Specific Charatler. 

METROSIDEROS//^; foliii fparfis lanceolatis venofis 
glandulofo-mucronulatis, capfulis quadrilocularibus apice 
tomentofis. 



Descr. Stem fhrubby, with long flexile branches. Leaves 
icattered, vertical, lanceolate, quite entire, rigid, veined, when 
young pubefcent, fraooth when adult, terminated with a red 
S n!" Fl<fwers ver 7 numerous, crowded together in a bottle- 
brufh form, a little below the extremity of the branch. Calyx 
5-toothed ; teeth obtufe, very hairy on the inner fide. Petals 5, 
orbicular, green, inferted in the margin of the calyx. Stamens 
numerous, fifty and upwards : filaments very long, deep fcarlet, 
diftina to the bafe, inferted into a glandular ring furrounding 
the crown of the germen : anthers incumbent, oblong, finally 
lunular : Pollen yellow. Germen generally four-celled, now and 
then three-celled. Ovula very many, oblong, inferted into a cen- 
tral receptacle. Style thicker than the filaments, about the fame 
length : ftigma capitate lobular. Capfule woody, edged with the 
perfiitent teeth of the calyx, and the hollow crown covered with 
a thick tomentum, in which the lines marking the number of cells 
are vifible. 

This is a very fplendid flower from the rich colour of the 
"laments, though the quantity of yellow pollen conceals part of 
"s brilliancy. It differs from Metrosideros lanceolate* 

{citrina y 



{citrine Bot. Mag.) in having longer leaves, much veined 
underneath, not fo lharp-pointed. In lanceolata the veins are 
fcardly, -or not at all viable, and the leaves are covered with 
minute pellucid dots, and have a pungent mucro ; the capfules 
are three-celled. Our figure of the latter plant (vide No. 260) 
reprefents the flowers more diftant than they are ufually feen ; 
in their more ordinary mode of growth, they are crowded to- 
gether as in our prefent plant : in both, here and there a leaf 
occafionally appears from amongft the flowers. 

Native of New South-Wales. Communicated laft May, by 
Meffrs. L'oddiges and Sons, in whofe nurfery alone, out of 
Kew, we have as yet feen this very rare plant. It appears as if 
it would ripen its feed, by which, and by cuttings, it mayeafily 
be propagated. Requires only to be protected from froit. 



Wrj6i 




C 1762 ] 

Rosa Semperflorens (y.) minima. 
Miss Lawrence's Rose. 

MMM ♦♦♦♦♦»♦♦ ♦♦♦♦♦<♦♦ 

Clqfs and Order. 

ICOSANDRIA POLYGYNIA. 

Generic CbaraUer. 

Petala 5. Cal. urceolatus, 5-fidus, carnofus, collo coarftatus. 
Sem. plurima, hifpida, calycis interiori lateri affixa. 

Specific Character. 

ROSA femperflorens ; fru&ibus oblongis pedunculifque hifpidis, 
caule, petiolifque aculeato-hifpidis, foliis fubternatis acu- 
leatis. WUld. Sp. PI. 2. p. 1078. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 3. 
-p. 266. 

a. ROSA femperflorens. Smith Exot. Bot. 2. p. 63. /. 91. 

ROSA diverfifolia. Venten. Celf 35. 

/3. ROS A femperflorens ; caule aculeato, foliis fubternis, pedun- 
culis fubunifloris aculeato-hifpidis, calycis laciniis integris. 
Curtis 's Bot. Mag. 284. 

7. frutex nana, fparfim aculeata, petalis acuminatis. 



Several varieties of the Rosa femperflorens, differing in fize, 
colour, and fcent, have, within thefe few years, found their 
way into the different collections about town, and have generally 
been reprefented as frefh importations from China ; we believe, 
however, that mod of them have been raifed from feed here. 
Every experienced cultivator knows, that the varieties to be 
obtained in this way are endlefs. 

Our prefent fubject is the moft dwarfifh Rofe that has ever fallen 
under our notice, rarely producing any branches, fo large as 
reprefented in our plate. We are inclined to confider it as a 
mere feminal variety, perhaps of hybrid origin j yet we cannot 
affert that.it is not a diflinct fpecies. It is generally known 
among colle&ors by the name of Miss Lawrence's Rose. 

The plant from which our drawing was taken, was com- 
municated by Mr. Hudson, of the war-office. Flowers moft 
part of the fpring, and has an agreeable, though not powerful 
fcent. 



Vi 



163 




[ *7 6 3 ] 

BORONIA PINNATA. HaWTHORN-SCENTED 

BORONIA. 

<| t$ l frfri jl % ♦♦■%♦♦♦ ♦ ♦♦♦♦t j l 

Clafs and Order. 

OCTANDRIA MoNOQYNIA. 

Generic Charatler. 

Cal. 4-partitus. Petala 4. Anther* infra apicem filamentorum 
pedicellatse. Stylus ex apice germinis breviflimus. Stigma ca- 
pitatum. Cap/. 4, coalitse. Sem. arillata. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

BORONIA pinnata ; foliis impari-pjnnatis integerrimis, pedun- 
culis axillaribus dichotomis, filamentis apice obtufis glan- 
dulofis. Smith's Trails, p. 290. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 2. p, 
349. Bot. Repof. 58. Venten. Malmaif. 38. 



The genus Boron i a was firft eftablifhed by the Prefident 
of the Linnean Society, in a volume of Traces relating to 
Natural Hiftory, publifhed in 1798: and dedicated to the 
memory of Francis Boron e, a native of Milan, who, 
though of humble origin, had an aftive mind, zealous in the 
acquirement of natural knowledge, in the purfuit of which he 
loft his life at an early age, by an accidental fall at Athens, 
during his attendance on the late ProfefTor Sibthorp, after 
having accompanied ProfefTor Afz el i us upon a botanical ex- 
pedition to Sierra-Leone. Linnaeus has, in feveral inftances, 
named plants to the memory of young Botanifts, who unfor- 
tunately perifhed in the purfuit of knowledge ; honouring them 
with the title of martyrs to the fcience. Among thefe, his 
worthy preceptor does not hefitate to reckon Boron e, " whofe 
indefatigable zeal and fmgular acutenefs," the Prefident ob- 
serves, « would foon have procured him other claims to the 

honour 



honour of having a new genus named after him, had his pre- 
mature fate been poflponed." 

Sir James Edward Smith has defcribed, in the above- 
mentioned work, three other fpecies of this genus, none of which 
appear to have been as yet introduced into this country, though 
one of them, the femttata, kerns to be a very ornamental plant, 
and is faid to poflefs the fcent of the rofe. 

The Boron i a pinnata is a very elegant fhrub, which fpreads 
wide and grows about two feet high, being covered with a pro- 
fufion of fweet-fcented bloflbms during great part of the fprin<y 
and fummer, which remain long in beauty. Upon the whole, 
it appears to us to be one of the moft defirable plants that have 
been as yet introduced from New South-Wales. The honour 
of its introduction is attributed to Meffrs. Lee and Kennedy, 

Communicated to us by Meffrs. Loddiges and Sons- 




Wij(k { 



C 1764 ] 

Allium sph^erocephalon. Small 

ROUND-HEADED GaRLICK. 

•$$ $ $*$ -#- $-$- $-$• $- $■ 9|HJb 4 !*$ 

Cfc/} #»</ Order. 

Kexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Characler. 

Cor. 6-partita, patens. Spatha mukiflora, umbella congefta. 
Cap/, fupera. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

*** Folia caulina terelia. Umbella capfulifera. 

ALLIU M fpbarocepbalon : caule teretifolio umbellifero, foliis 

femiteretibus, ftaminibus tricufpidatis corolla longioribus. 

Spec. PL 428. Syjl. Veg. ed. Murray, p. 266. IVilld. 2. 

p. 70. Pollicb pal. 1. p. 327. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 2. p. 235. 

Allioni Fl. Pedemont. n. 1873. Fillars Daupb. 2. p. 255. 

Willich Obf. p. 16. n. 33. 
A.LLIU Mfpharocepbahtm. Lam. et Dec. Fl. Franc. 3. p. 228. 

Ztfwz. Z)/#. 1, p. 66. 
ALLIUM radice gemella, foliis fiftulofis, capite fphserico, 

ftaminibus alterne trifidis. Hall.Helv. n. 1220: fynonymon 

vix dubium etfi a Linnaeo exclufum, 
ALLIUM ftaminibus alterne trifidis, foliis fiftulofis, capite 

fuave rubente fphaerico, non bulbifero, radice laterali. 

Hall. All. ed. 1. p. 22. n. 8. — Opufcul. p. 353. n. 10. 
ALLIUM feu MOLY montanum quintum. Cluf. Hijl. 1. 

P- 195 f 

ALLIUM fpheerocephalum, bifolium, italicum. Bauh. Hijl. 2. 

P- 563- 
ALLIUM f. MOLY juncifolium, capite fphserico, flore pur- 

pureo. Rudb. Ely/. 2. p. 160. cum icone. 
SCORODOPRASUM montanum juncifolium, capite rotundo 

dilute Janthino floribus paucis. Mich. Nov. Gen. 2.5. n. 2. 

t. 24. /. 2 I 
SCORODOPRASUM campeftre juncifolium, capite rotundo, 

compa£lo, floribus faturate et eleganter purpureis cum 

primis tribus petalis externe verrucofis. Mich. I. c. 25. n. 1 ? 

exclufis fynonymis omnibus. 

We have found the fynonymy of this fpecies to be parti- 
cularly puzzling, as is remarked by Haller, who is himfelf 

very 



very confufed in this refpcct. The difficulty arifes in part from 
its great affinity with defcendens (Bot. Mag. No. 251.) to which it 
mult be allowed to be too nearly allied, and of which probably 
it ought to rank as a variety only. Willich, and latterly 
Haller, both confider fpbarocepbalon and defcendens as the fame 
fpecies; and Villars feems inclined to this opinion. 

The hiftory of Haller's change of fentiments is not a little 
curious. In his monograph on Allium, he had made two 
fpecies of them (No. 8 and No. 9); which Linn a us, in his 
Flora Suecica, united. At this union, Haller exprefles his 
furprize, in the fecond edition of his monograph on Allium, 
publilhed in his opufcula. Then Linn.eus, in the firft edition 
of his Species Plantarum, made two fpecies of them, and, as it 
appears that he had at that time no fpecimen of fphterocephahn in 
his herbarium, this was probably done in compliance with 
Haller's opinion; yeb, in his Hiftoria Plantarum Helvetia?, 
the latter author has thought fit to unite them himfelf ; remarking, 
that Linnaeus, who was at firft right, had done wrong in fe- 
parating them. Finally, Linn^us, in his Syftema Vegetabi- 
liura, orders Haller's fynonym to be excluded altogether. 
Haller was probably induced to change his opinion, and 
unite what he had before confidered as two diftina fpecies into 
one, by the obfcrvations of Willich, though he has not 
quoted this author. Willich had met with fpbarocepbalon 
growing without culture in a garden, and mewed the plant to 
Haller, who pronounced it to be No. 8 of his monograph on 
Allium (No. 10 in his opufcula). Removing this plant into his own 
garden, Willich obferves, that in the following year it became 
in every refpeft the fame as defcendens , Haller's Allium, No. 9, 
(No. 11 in the opufcula). This obfervation, could we be Aire 
there was no error, which, however, might eafily happen in a 
genus fo lmperfeaiy underftood, would be decifive. But re 
are Hill inclined to believe, that the greater length of the 
ftamens in Jpksrocephakn may keep them diltina. Lamarck 
and Decandolle, in their Flore Fran coife, make defcendens a 
variety of our plant ; as the former had before done in the 
Encyclopedic Methodique. 

Native of Italy, South of France, and Switzerland. Culti- 
vated by Miller, in 1759. Flowers in July. Communicated 
by Mr. Hawortii. 



JVhfjfy 




C 17S5 ] 

Crassula centauroides. Centaury- 

FLOWERED CrASSULA. 

.*!*. jj*. tfc. »is. »ls. «!» jle. Ms. >'«..>'js. >!«. Ms. >'• Jik j!t •>'»_ «Js. >'t 
•v^ - spr >,■»• /jc jjr vjc-v,*" v,c SjC v,>r >,«- v,c »,■. «yc -^ -«,*- .Jj- ?,<■ 

CA2/} £/&/ Order. 

PtN'TANDRIA PeNTAGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-phyllus. Petala 5. Squama 5 ne&ariferae ad bafin ger- 
miiu's. Cap/. 5. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

CRASSULA centauroides ; caule herbaceo dichotomo, foliis fef- 
filibus oblongo-ovatis cordatis planis, pedunculis axillaribus 
uniflotis. Hort. Kezv. 1. p. 392. — ed.alt. 2. p. 194. IVilld. 
Sp. PI. 1. 1555. Haworth Succul. 57. 

CRASSULA centauroides ; caule herbaceo dichotomo, foliis 
cordatis feffilibus, pedunculis unifloris. Sp. PI. 404. Am<en. 
Acad. 6. p. 8 5. (caule brachiato. Mantijfa 361.) Sy/i. Feg. 
ed. 14. p. 305. i&vV/j. £/>. P/. 1. 772. 

SEDOIDES africana annua centauroides. Herm.Parad.16g. 



Descr. ivW annual or biennial. to»j proftrate, fmooth, 
of a pale red colour, pellucid on the furface, opake at the 
centre, branched : lower branches going off at right angles, or 
brachiate : upper ones dichotomous. Leaves oppofite, ovate, 
flat, Item-embracing, margin red, fomewhat denticulate, from a 
row of excavated dots on the under fide. Peduncles axillary, 
folitary, one-flowered, ereel at firft, but reflected after the 
flowering is over. Calyx perfiftent, five-cleft : Jegments acute. 
Corolla five-petal led, when firft expanded not unlike that 
of the leffer Centaury : petals ovate-acuminate, bright crimfon 
at the point fhaded ofF to white at the bafe. Filaments green, 
inferted into the receptacle below the germen, not into the 
claws of the petals, with which they alternate. Anthers yellow. 

Gennens 



Germens five, cohering : jlyles divaricate. No nectariferous 
fcales were obfervable. 

There is confiderable affinity between this fpecies and pcllucida 
and it is not improbable that they have been fometimes con- 
founded. But in the latter plant, as defcribed and figured by 
Dillenius, the leaves are much thicker, colle&ed into 
rofules, and do not ftand in diftant pairs, as in this. 

That our plant is the Crassula centauroides of the Hortus 
Kewenfis we are fure, having compared it with a fpecimen pre- 
ferved in fpirits of wine in the Bankfian Mufeum. 

We know of no figure exifting of this fpecies which, from 
the brilliancy and long duration of its flowers, fo well deferves 
a place in every collection of fucculent plants. It is confidcred 
as an inhabitant of the dry ftove, but will do very well in the 
greenhoufe, or even in the window of a light apartment. 

Native of the Cape of Good-Hope. Propagated by feeds, 
which, in favourable feafons, are freely produced. Flowers from 
May to July. Communicated by Meffrs. Loddiges and Sons. 



N'i 



/'"- 




C 1766 ] 

Lasiopetalum ferrugineum. Rusty 

Lasiotetalum. 

Oafs and Order. 
Pextandria Monogynia. 

Generic Charatler. 

Col. rotatus, 5-fidus. Stamina bafi fquama munita. Anther* 
apice poris duobus. Cap/, fupera 3-locularis, 3-valvis: valvis 
medio feptiferis. 

Specific Charatler and Synonyms. 

LASIOPETALUM ferrugimum : foliis lineari-lanceolatis ob 

tufis finuatis integerrimifve. 
LASIOPETALUM ferrugineam ; foliis lincaribus integerrimis. 

Hort. Kezv. cd. alt. 2. p. 36. 

LASIOPETALUM femtpneum. Bot. Rcpof. 208. Jentcn. 

Malmaif. 59. 



Descr. A low Jbrub with fpreading branches, when young 
covered with a rufty tomentum. Leaves alternate, on fhoit 
petioles, re flexed, linear-lanceolate with a cordate bafe, more 
or lefs and unequally finuate, fmooth on the upper furfacc, and 
clothed, on the under, with a thick whiiifh tomentum, inter- 
fperfed with minutely fafciculated rufty hairs. The petioles, 
pedicles, and outer fide of the calyx are hifpid, with a 
fimilar pubefcence. The jlipules, which form a remarkable 
character in mod of the fpecies, appear to be entirely wanting 
m this. Calyx perfiflent, petal-like, greenifh within, iupported 
by a bracle of three fubulate incurved leaves. By fome botanifts 
this part is confidered as the calyx, and what we have fo termed, 
as the corolla; whence the name of Lasiopetalum, or 
woolly-petal. Neclaries 5, fcale-likc, revolute, one at the 
bafe of each very fliort filament. Anthers large, of a deep 

orange 



orange or bay colour ; pores at the apex very (mail : pollen 
white. Gertnen woolly, three-grooved, obtufely three-cornered, 
three-celled: Jlyle (hoit ; Jligma fimple, marcefcent. 

A hardy greenhoufe fhrub. Native of New South-Wales. 
Introduced in 17915 by Meffrs. Lee and Kennedy. Flowers 
moft part of the fummer. Propagated by cuttings. Thrives 
beft in a fandy peat foil. Communicated by MefTrs. Loddiges 
and Sons. 



X'l lb 



/"/ 




C ^7 ] 

BURSARIA SPINOSA. THORNY BuRSARIA. 

+ $ 4 #### 4hMi ~W * #♦♦ #♦ 

Pentandria Monogynia, 

Generic Character. 

Tetala 5, receptaculo inferta. Cap/, comprefia, 2-partibiIis, 
l-locularis, 2-fperma. 

Specific Name and Synonyms. 

BURSARIA Jpinofa. Cavan. ic. 4. p. 30. /. 350. Hort. Kew, 

ed. alt. 2. p. 36. 
ITEA Jpinofa. Boi. Repof. 314. 



This pretty flowering fhrub, well defcribed by the late 
ProfefTor Cavanili.es, is, in feveral refpefts, nearly allied to 
Itea; but differs from that genus in having its petals and 
flamens inferted into the receptacle below the germen, and a 
flattened obcordate capfule, which, when ripe, feparates into 
two parts, each of which is one-celled, two-valved, and con- 
tains two feeds. 

It takes its name from the form of the capfule, which fome- 
what refemblcs that of the Shepherd's Purfe. 

A hardy greenhoufe fhrub. Native of New South-Wales. 
Flowers from Auguft to December. Propagated by cuttings. 
Loves a fandy peat foil with a flight admixture of loam. 

Introduced in 1793, by the Marchionefs of Rockingham. 
Communicated by Meflrs. Loddiges and Sons. 

In the Bankfian Herbarium, we find fpecimens from Van 
Diemen's Ifland and Port Dalrymple, which have larger leaves 
and fruit, and one of them is without fpines. 



N°Y]SH. 




C 17S8 ] 

p^onia edulis, vm. sinensis. 
Chinese eatable Peony. 

POLYANDRIA DlGYNlA. 

Generic Cbaracler. 
Cal. 5-phyllus. Petala 5. Stylio. Cap/. 2— 12, polyfperma?. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

P^EONIA a/«/w ; foliis biternatis : foliolis ovato-lanceolatis 

integris bafi confluentibus nudis, capfulis recurvatis glabris. 
P^EONIA albiflora. Bot. Mag. n. 1756, cum fynonymis? 



The inconvenience of giving names to plants from the colour 
of the flowers, or other circumftances liable to vary, has often 
been pointed out ; and in this inltance the name of albiflora is 
fo perfectly abfurd, that we have felt a neceflity of avoiding it. 
We have therefore adopted that of edulis from Mr. Salisbury, 
which we ought perhaps to have done fooner ; but we were 
willing to deviate, as little as poflible, from the nomenclature 
ufed in the Hortus Kewenfis. In the prefent inftance, we 
the more readily depart from that authority, becaufe we cannot 
but entertain confiderable doubt, whether the Chinefe plants are 
really varieties of the Siberian. 

At firft appearance our plant may appear to be one of the 
varieties of P;eonia Moutan, but the herbaceous ftem, the 
fmaller number of capfules, tuberous roots, and different foliage, 
keep it altogether diftinci from that fpecies. 

Several varieties of this fpecies have been of late introduced 
from China, of which this with large crimfon blofforas, ap- 
proaching to fcarlet, is the moft beautiful. All of them are more 
or lefs fweet-fcented. Our drawing was made from a fpecimen 
communicated by Sir Abraham HuME,fromhis very interefting 
colleaion, at Wormley-Bury, Herts. This gentleman imported 
it from Canton. 



N°i-]6y 




[ 17% ] 

Ipomcea sanguinea. Blood-flowered 

Ipomcea. 

C/<3/j <2#i Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Chamber. 

CaL 5-partitus, nudus. Cor. campanulata v. infundibuliformis, 
5-plicata. Germen 2 — 3-loculare, loculis difpermis. Stylus indi- 
vifus. Stigma capitatum, 2 — 3-lobum. Cap/. 2 — 3-locularis. 
Brown. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

IPOMCEA Janguinea ; corollae infundibuliformis tubo clavato : 
limbo involuto, ftaminibus declinatis, foliis haftato-trilobis : 
lobis lateralibus poftice finuatis. 

IPOMCEA Janguinea : pedunculis fuperne cymofo-trichotomis, 
folia cordato-triloba v. haftata fuperantibus ; limbo oblato- 
ventricofo ; ftaminibus afcendentibus, longe exfertis. Kit 
in Bot. Re gift- 9. 

IPOMCEA Janguinea; foliis cordatis trilobis, lobis lateralibus 
poftice angulato-fublobatis, pedunculis trifloris, calycibus 
glabris. Vahl Symb. 3. p. 33. JVilld. Sp. PL l.p. 885. 



An ornamental evergreen twining ihrub. Native of the 
Weft-Indies, and confcquently with us an inhabitant of the 
ftove, where it will extend to a great length, producing abun- 
dance of fine fcarlet bloflbms, inclining to orange ; which are 
Angular in having their borders always rolled inwards, being, as 
far as we have obfervcd, at no time expanded. 

Vahl defcribed this fpecics from dried fpecimcns fent from 
the Danifli ifland of Sainte Croix. He direfts it to be inferted 
in the fyftem between iamnifdia and Pes tigridis ; but as both 
the fe fpecies have aggregate' flowers, it cannot properly be in- 
cluded 



eluded in the fame divifion with them. We mould place it im- 
mediately after coccinea, to which it feems to us to be neareft 
allied. 

It is not mentioned in the Hortus Kewenfis, nor does it 
appear that it has ever been feen in this country, before it was 
raifed by Madame la ComtefTe de Vandes, in her garden at 
Bayes- Water, from feeds communicated by R. A. Salisbury, 
Efq. who received them from the Weft-Indies. 

It bears flowers early in the fpring, which continue in 
fucceffion till the middle of fummer. It has not yet produced 
feeds, but we are informed by the gardener, that it is ealily 
propagated by cuttings, which ftrike freely. 

Our drawing was taken at the above-mentioned colle&ion, 
near the end of June 1814, 



Cestrum Parqui Willow-leaved 
Cestrum. 

Clafs and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Cbaracler. 

Cor. infundibuliformis. Stamina denticulo in medio. Bacca 
l-locularisj polyfperma. 

Specific Characler and Synonyms. 

CESTRUM Parqui j foliis lanceolatis, pedunculis inferioribus 

trifloris folio dimidio brevioribus, corollse laciniis lateralitcr 

revolutis. 
CESTRUM Parqui ; filamentis denticulatis nudifve, caule flo- 

rifero paniculato, ftipulis linearibus. LHeritier Stirp. Nov. 1. 

p. 73. /. 36. Willi. Sp. PL 1. 1055. Willd. Arb. 60. Enum. 

Hort. Berol. 1. p. 213. Hort. Kew. ed. all. 2. p. 2. Mart. 

Mill. DiH. n. 7. 
PARQUI. Feuill. Peruv. 3. p. 52. /. 32. /. 1. 



The fpecies of Cestrum have been hitherto very indifferently 
characterized ; in faft, a great addition having been made to the 
genus by Jacquin in his Hortus Schoenbrunnenfis, it was not 
to be expe&ed that characters framed only for a few fpecies, 
although they might ferve to diftinguifh fuch as were then known 
from one another, mould apply to thofe fince difcovered. The 
tooth-like appendage to the filaments is, in this fpecies at leaft, 
too inconftant a character to be ufeful. 

The laciniae of the corolla in our plant are obtufe ; but as, 
foon after expanding, the fides are rolled back, efpecially 
towards the point, they appear in that flate more acute than 
they really are. In Cestru m fajligiatum, figured at No. 1729, 
the laciniae are rolled back from the apex towards the bale, 

which 



which gives the flower a very different appearance. This 
character appears to be conftant, and occurs alfo in diurnum. 

Cestrum Parqui is a native of Chili, in South-America, will 
live in the open air and produce flowers, and, in fome feafons, 
ripens its fruit; but in this fituation it is always killed down to 
the ground in the winter ; and, if the weather prove fevere, the 
roots will perifh alfo. 

Jacquin's Cfatidifjimum is very like our plant, but has much 
broader leaves in proportion to their length, and grows to a 
fhrub feveral feet in height. Our plant, when bruifed, like- 
wife emits a naufeous fmell ; and perhaps the only difference 
may arife from the other being kept conftantly in the ftove. 

Native of the mountains of Chili, where it was firft dif- 
covered by Father Feuillee, in 32 fouth latitude. Neither 
his figure nor defcription are fufificiently accurate to determine 
the identity of our plant with his ; but fpecimens gathered at 
Valparaifo in the fame country, by Mr. Archibald Menzies, 
and preferved in the Bankfian Herbarium, in every refpeft 
agree with our's. 

Our drawing was taken early in June, fome years fince, in 
the garden of Lord Holland, at Kenfington. Propagated by 
cuttings or by feeds. Introduced in 1 787, by Monf. Williams. 



INDEX. $ 

In which the Latin Names of the A 
Plants contained in the Forty-Second t 
Volume are alphabetically arranged. *• 

PL % 

1745 Acacia decipiens. 

1750 difcolor. a 

1730 Ageratum caeleftinum. •* 

1764 Allium fphaerocephalum. ty 
1749 Arnica montana. 

1733 Beaufortia decuffata. % 
1763 Boronia pinnata. <> 
1732 Bromelia pyramidalis. 4 

1767 Burfaria fpinofa. 

1734 Calea lobata. a 

1735 Cardamine afarifolia. 4- 
1752 Centaurea Rhapontica. Q 
1729 Ceftrum faftigiatum % 
1770 Parqui. 4 

1746 Corrsea fpeciofa. ^ 

1765 Craffula centauroides. *£ 

1726 Crataegus indica. Y 

1751 Cymbidium enfifolium. ty 
1757 Daviefia latifolia. * 
1739 Dianthus leptopetalus. 

1740 virgineus. a 

1 759 Duranta Ellifia. ■&■ 

1737 Elaeocarpus cyaneus. A 
3 758 Erica Hibbertiana. 

1747 Euphorbia variegata. X 
1 744 Halleria lucida. A 

1 748 Gomefa recurva. 

1 738 Heynea trijuga. v 

1731 Jafminum revolutum. ^ 
1769 Ipomcea fanguinea. * 

1766 Lafiopetalum ferrugineum. 

*755 ; purpureum. a 

1753 Lonicerafempervirens((3.) minor. * 

1 760 Mentzelia oligofperma. § 

1761 Metrofideros fpeciofa. 

1756 Paeonia albiflora. ^ 

i 724 « anomala. $ 

1768 ■ edulis <var, finenfis. 

1727 Pforalea aphylla. Y 
1743 Pulmonaria Davurica. a 

1 762 Rofa femperflorens. * 

1728 Salvia azurea. 

1742 Sefeli divaricatum. a 

j 741 Zamia pygmsea. <$» 

J 736 Zanthoriza apiifolia. 1 



INDEX. 

In which the Englifli Names of the 
Plants contained in the Forty-Second 
Volume are alphabetically arranged. 
PL 

Acacia, paradoxical. 

■ two-coloured-leaved. 

Ageratum, blue-flowered. 

Arnica, mountain. 

Beaufortia, fplendid. 

Boronia, hawthorn-fcented. 

Bromelia, pyramidal-flowered. 

Burfaria, thorny. 

Calea, yellow- flowered, or 
Halberd-weed. 

Centaury, Swifs. 

Ceftrum, Honeyfuckle. 
willowileaved. 



745 
75° 
730 
749 
733 
763 
73 2 
767 
734 

75 2 
729 

770 
746 
7 6 5 
75i 
757 
759 
737 
744 
764 
748 

734 
726 

758 

738 
753 
73i 
769 

735 
755 
766 

749 
743 
760 
761 
768 
754 
75 6 
739 
740 
760 
728 
740 

747 
74i 
736 



Corraea, red-flowered. 
Craffula, centaury-flowered. 
Cymbidium, fword-leaved. 
Daviefia, broad-leaved. 
Duranta, prickly. 
Elasocarpus, blue-fruited. 
Fly-Honeyfuckle, African, 
Garlick, round-headed. 
Gomefa, recurved. 
Halberd-weed, vide Calea. 
Hawthorn, Indian. 
Heath, Hibbert's. 
Heynea, walnut-like. 
Honeyfuckle, Carolina trumpet, 
jafmine, revolute-flowered. 
Ipomcea, bloody-flowered. 
Ladies-fmock, kidney-leaved. 
Lafiopetalum, purple-flowered. 

, rufty. 

Leopard's-bane, vide Arnica. 
Lungwort, Daurian. 
Mentzelia, few-feeded. 
Metrofideros, fhewy. 
Peony, Chinefe eatable, 
■ jagged- leaved. 

white-flowered. 

Pink, narrow-petalled. 

Virgin. 

Rofe, Mifs Lawrence's. 
Sage, azure-flowered. 
Sefeli, fhining-leaved. 
Spurge, pyc-bald. 
Zamia, leaft. 

Yellow-root, or Zanthoriza, 
parfley-leaved. 



Printed by S. Couchman, Throgmorton-Strcet, London,