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Botanical Magazine; 




The most Ornamental Foreign Plants, cultivated in the Open 
Ground, the Green-House, and the Stove, are accurately 
represented in their natural Colours. 


Their Names, Class, Order, Generic and Specific Characters, according 

to the celebrated; their Places of Growth, 

and Times of Flowering ; 

Together with the most approTed Methods of Culture. 


Intended for the Use of such Ladies, Gentlemen, and Gardeners, as wish 
to become scientifically acquainted with the Plants they cultivate. 


Fellow of the Royal and Linnean Societies. 

Being the First of the New Series. 

The Flowers, which grace their native beds, 

Awhile put forth their blushing heads, 

But, e'er the close of parting day, 

They wither, shrink, and die away : 

But these, which mimic skill hath made, 

Nor scorched by suns, nor killed by shade, 

Shall blush with less inconstant hue, 

Which art at pleasure can renew. Lloyd. 


Printed by Stephen Couchman, Throgmorton-Street. 

Published by Sherwood, Neely, & Jones, 20, Paternoster- Row; 

And Sold by the principal Booksellers in Great-Britain and Ireland. 



( 1771 ) 
Crassula lactea. White Crassula. 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Pentagynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. 5-phyIIus. Petala 5. Squamce 5, nectariferte ad basin 
genmnis. Caps. 5. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Crassula lactea; caule fruticoso, foliis ovatis basi atte- 
nuates connatis integerrimis intra marginem punctatis, 
cymis paniculseformibus. Hort. Kew. ed. \ wa ' 1 », 3%' 
ed. alt. 2. p. 193. Smith Exot. Bot. I. p. 63 t 33 
Willd. Sp. PL 1. p. 1554. Mart. Mill. Diet. n. 62. 
Plant. Grass. 37. 

Crassula lactea ; foliis obovatis subciiiatis albo-punctatis, 
panicula trifida. Thunb. Prodr. 56. 

A native of the Cape of Good-Hope, and directed to be 
kept in the dry stove, as it requires to be protected from a 
damp atmosphere, as well as from frost. As with all other 
succulent plants, great care should be taken to water it very 
Sp ?? n &ty durin & tne winter. A light rich loam with old lime 
rubbish is recommended as the best soil. 

Propagated by cuttings, which should be laid in a dry 
Place for a fortnight before they are planted, that part of their 
juice may be evaporated, then put into pots of light sand, and 
plunged into a hot-bed, watering them very sparingly other- 
wise they will rot. When they have taken root, which will 
°e m about six weeks, they should be gradually inured to the 
°pen air. • 

Introduced by Mr. Francis Masson, in 1774, from the 
b aP M p lowers in September and October. Communicated 
y vir. George Graves, of Walworth, who possesses a very 
extensive collection of succulent plants. 


( 1772 ) 


Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 
Cor. irregularis fauce nuda. 


Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Echium fruticosum ; caule fruticoso, foliis lanceolatis basi 
attenuatis villoso-strigosis aveniis, foiiolis calycinis lan- 
ceolatis acutis. Hort. Kew. \ ma ' I. p. 186. ed. alt. I. p. 
298. Willd. Sp. PL \.p. 781. Mart. Mill. Diet. 

Echium fruticosum ; caule fruticoso, foliis lanceolatis punc- 
tis piliferis scabris, floribus corymbosis. Berg. Cap. 39. 

Echium fruticosum ; caule foliisque oblongis obtusis seri- 
ceis, spicis alternis pedunculatis. Thunb. Prodr. 33 ? 

Echium africanum fruticans, foliis pilosis. Commel. Hort. 2. 
p. 107. t. 54. 

(a.) major ; foliis sursum latioribus, obtusioribus omnibus 

Echium fruticosum. Jacq. Hort. Schoenbr. J. p. 15. t.34. 

(|3.) minor; foliis an gustioribus acutis ; superioribus molliter 

Echium fruticosum. Bot. Regist. 39. 

There is a considerable difference between our plant and 
that figured by Jacquin in his Hortus Schoenbrunnensis, the 
leaves of which are broader, more spathular shaped, and 
much harsher; the plant is altogether more robust, with 
smaller flowers ; but we cannot find any characters by which 
we can determine them to be specifically distinct ; we have, 
therefore considered them as varieties only. The young 


leaves in our plant were clothed with rather a soft pubescence, 
but the older ones were very rough, being- covered with elevated 
points, each terminated with a stiff hair. The colour and 
size of the flowers vary so much in different specimens that 
no inference can be drawn from them. As there is nothing; 
like silkiness in the foliage, we must think the synonym 
quoted from Thunberg to be dubious ; and Plukenet's 
figure, usually quoted as a synonym, ought undoubtedly to be 

Our drawing was made from a plant communicated by 
Messrs. Colville and Son, in the King's-Road ; together 
with another variety with flowers of nearly a peach-blossom 
colour, without any admixture of blue. Native of the Cape 
of Good-Hope. Flowers in May and June. Propagated by 
cuttings or seeds. Requires protection from frost. The soil 
best suited to it appears to be a sandy loam with a slight ad- 
mixture of peat. Cultivated by Philip Miller, in 1759, in 
the Chelsea Garden, from whence there is a specimen pre- 
served in the Banksian Herbarium, evidently the same variety 
as the one here figured. 


( 1773 ) 

Elichrysum splendens. Shining 

C7«ss «rcd Order. 
Syngenesia Polygamia Superflua. 

Generic Character. 

Recept. nudum, Pappus pilosus vel plumosus. Cal. im- 
bricatus, radiatus : radio colorato. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Elichrysum splendens ; caule fruticoso prolifero : ramulis 
unifloris, foliis lanceolatis margine reyolutis, squamis 
calycinis splendentibus. 

Xeranthemum herbaceum. Bot. Repos. 4.87 ? 

The annual Xeranthemums, natives of Europe and the 
Levant, differing- essentially from the Cape shrubby species, 
in having* a chaffy, not naked, receptacle, and a different 
pappus, the latter have been separated by Willdenow, under 
the name of Elichrysum, by which they had been known to 
botanists, till superseded by the system of Linn^us. This 
arrangement has been adopted in the Hortus Kewensis, and 
consequently all that we have figured under the name of 
Xeranthemum, are to be found there, under that of Eli- 

A specimen of the same species as our present plant is 
preserved in the Banksian Herbarium, under the name which 
we have adopted. 

From the figure and description of Xeranthemum her- 
baceum in the Botanist's Repository, we can hardly think 
that our plant can belong to the same, although the flowers 
seem very similar ; as the stem of Elichrysum splendens, 
though slender, is shrubby, erect, and branched. The 


flowers are very beautiful, the outside of the calyx having a 
metallic lustre, as if bronzed, and the internal rays being- 
straw-coloured, shining like satin. If our plant should be 
found to be the same as herbaceimi of the Botanist's Reposi- 
tory, the latter name is inadmissible lor a species that is truly 

Native of the Cape of Good-Hope. Introduced by George 
Hibbert, Esq. about the year 1802, at whose collection at 
Clapham-Common. our drawing- was taken several years ago. 
Communicated also in August last, by Messrs. Loddiges 
and Sons ; and is still in flower at this time, the middle of 
October. Propagated by cuttings. Likes a light soil with 
peat mould. 



( 1774 ) 
Salvia bicolor. Two-coloured Sage. 

# ft j $ » $ ft i J Hfrfr # $ Ijt $ ♦ IJHfr 

Cfoss and Order. 


Generic Character. 
Cor. inaequalis. Filamenta transverse pedicello affixa. 
Specific Character and Sj/no7igms. 

Salvia bicolor ; foliis ovatis eroso-dentatis, floribus nu- 
tantibus lacinia media labii inferioris corollas concava. 
WiUd. Sp. PL 1. p. 136. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 1. p. 57. 
J acq. Hort. Schoenbr. I. p. 4. t. 7. 

Salvia bicolor ; foliis radicalibus cordatis subincisis, cau- 
linis oblongis subsagittatis inaequaliter dentatis, bracteis 
reflexis calyce brevioribus, pilis calycis glanduliferis. 
Willd. Hort. Berol. 1. p. 36. 

Salvia bicolor; foliis cordato-oblongis ; ramis virgatis; 
bracteis reflexis ; calycibus nutantibus ; corollas labio in- 
feriore intermedio saccato. Desfont. All. p. 22. t. 2. 

Salvia bicolor ; foliis cordato-hastatis, inaequaliter dentatis ; 
spicis nudispraelongis; corollarum barba Candida saccata, 
Lamarck III. n. 300. 

Salvia bicolor ; foliorum laminis cordato-oblongis, repando- 
dentatis, hirsutis, rugosis : spicis pra?longis, verticillis 
6-floris : calycis labio superiore 3-dentato : corollae 
fauce striata, labii inferioris lobo medio saccato, emar- 
ginato, oris mox emarcidis : filamentis brevissime stipitatis. 
Salisbury Par ad. Lond. 113. 

Salvia bicolor is a native of Barbary, where it was first 
discovered by Desfontaines. It is a very handsome species, 
and would be much more so, were it not for the speedy change 
that takes place in the lower lip of the corolla, which at its 
first expansion is snow-white, but almost immediately begins 
to fade to a rusty -brown. 


The structure of the stamens in Salvia is very remarkable, 
and makes the essential character of the genus. But the want 
of uniformity of language among botanists, in speaking of 
these parts, is apt to render their meaning not always easily 
intelligible to students. The filament consists of two parts, 
connected together by a joint: the lower portion is upright, 
and generally very short ; the upper portion is much longer, 
and united to the lower, not at either extremity, but at some 
determined point between the two, more or less distant from 
the middle, in different species. This transverse portion is 
generally curved, and the longer arm ascends and bears the 
anther at the extremity, while the shorter arm descends and 
is terminated by a gland. 

Some authors, when they speak of the filament, mean the 
lower upright portion only, whilst others consider the trans- 
verse portion as the filament, .and. call the upright a stipes or 
pedicle. Etlinger, who wrote a monograph on Salvia, con- 
sidered the transverse portion as a part of the anther elon- 
gated, separating its two ceils and beating one at each 
extremity y that on the longer ascending arm being always 
fertile, whilst that on the descending arm is sterile. This 
opinion is rendered the more probable from the circumstance, 
that the fertile anther consists of only one cell ; and further, 
that the sterile portion, though more usually only a callous 
gland, yet, in other cases, shews its affinity to an anther, by 
bearing a small quantity of pollen. 

The proportion in the length of the two arms of the trans- 
verse portion of the filament, though constant in the same, 
varies in different species, and would, in many cases, afford 
excellent distinguishing characters. In the present species, 
the upper arm is very long, extending nearly the whole length 
of the upper lip of the corolla : whilst the lower arm is very 
shorthand attached nearly its whole length to the tube of the 

A hardy biennial. Propagated by seeds. Introduced in 1793, 
by the Right Hon. Sir Joseph Banks. Flowers in May, June, 
and July. Our drawing was made from a living specimen, 
sent by Mr. Lambert from his garden at Boyton. Communi- 
cated also by Mr. 'Walker from Arno's-Grove, Southgate. 


( 1775 ) 

dlanthus atrorubens. cluster-headed 


Class and Order. 
Decandria Digynia„ 

Generic Character. 

Cal, eylindricus, 1-phyllus : basi squamis 4, Petala 5, 
unguiculata. Caps, cylindrica l-locularis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Dianthus atrorubens; floribus aggregates capitatis, squamis 
calycinis ovatis aristatis, invoiucro ovato aristato longi- 
tudine capituli, foliis lineari-lanceolatis enerviis. IViild. 
Sp. PL 2. p. 672. Hort. Kew. edit. alt. 3. p. 78. 

Dianthus atrorubens ; floribus aggregates, squamis calycinis 
ovatis aristatis tubo brevioribus, foliis connatis stnatis. 
Allion. Ped. n. 1545. Jacq. Ic. Rar. 3. t. 467. 

Caryophyllus sylvestris, flore rubro plurimo de summo caule 
prodeunte. Segu. Veron. 434. t. 8./ 2. 

Dianthus atrorubens et capitatus. Donn Cant, a Pursh 
p. 144. 

The name of capitatus, by which this Pink has been 
known in our gardens, is appropriate enough ; but as it differs 
in nothing but a less intensity of colour from Allioni's 
atrorubens, as figured by Jacquin, and this name being 
already established, we are under the necessity of retaining it, 
though less applicable : another example of the inconvenience 
arising from giving names derived from colour or other qua- 
lities so inconstant. 

Several species of Dianthus are occasionally, some of 
them constantly, dioecious. So in our present plant the 
stamens were found to be defective, the styles very long and 

spreading ; 

spreading ; while, in the one figured by Jacquin, the anthers 
appear at the mouth of the tube, but no style or stigma is 
seen. His was a male, ours a female plant. 

A hardy perennial, from two to three feet high. Native of 
Italy and Tauria, growing in dry, open situations. Propa- 
gated by parting the roots, or by seeds. Communicated by 
Mr. Kent, of Clapton. Introduced in 1802, by Mr. John 



( 1776 ) 
Viola altaica. Tartarian Heart Vease. 

Chess and Order, 
Pentandria Monogynia. 


Generic Character. 

€al. 5-phyllus. Cor. 5-petala, irregularis, postice cornuta. 
Anth. cohaerentes. Caps, supera, 3-valvis, 1-locularis. Flos 
in Europceis semper inversus. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Viola altaica; caulescens, stipulis dentato-pinnatindis sub- 
lyratis, foliis ovalibus crenatis in petiolum decurrentibus, 
petalis undulatis. 

Viola altaica ; caulescens glabra ; foliis crassiusculis, ovatis 
ovalibusve crenatis ; floribus inversis undulatis : petalis 
rotundatis, transverse latioribus, subreniformibus. Ker 
in Bot. Regist. 54. 

Viola altaica. Pallas Herb, apnd Lambert. 

Descr. Stems very short. Leaves alternate, roundish 
oval, crenate, on long channelled petioles. Stipules opposite, 
deeply toothed on the sides, with a broad very obtuse termina- 
tion. Peduncle axillary, solitary, scape-like, square, much 
longer than the stem, stout, upright, incurved at the apex, 
a little below which is a small pair of scale-like bractes eared 
at the base. Segments of the calyx obtuse at both ends, ob- 
soletely denticulate. Corolla large, pale yellow ; petals nearly 
round, undulated, overlapping one another ; the three su- 
perior ones (lowermost in position by the inversion of the 
flower) have a deeper yellow spot near the base, from which 
proceed several unequal blue rays: the two inferior petals 
are without spot or ray. The spur or nectarium proceeding 


from the back part of the superior petal is a little curved and 
tinged with blue at the point. Anthers five, compressed, 
cohering, membranaceous at the apex. Style short. Stigma 
green, globular, with an opening at the top, bea ded at 
the lower part. The whole plant is quite smooth. The 
shortness of the stem and the strong peduncles, springing up 
so near to the root, upon a superficial view, give the ap- 
pearance of its belonging to the first division, the acaules ; 
but it really belongs to the third, or such as have pinnatifid 
stipules and a hollow stigma. 

There are several specimens of this plant in Pallas's 
Herbarium, now in the possession of Mr. Lambert, which 
have the name of altaica attached to them in the Professor's 
own writing. 

It has usually been called unijlora, a species with which 
it scarcely agrees in any one character ; but the circumstance 
of the flowers coming out so near the root, and more usually 
only one at a time, has probably occasioned it to be so called 
by persons, who, little conversant with botanical characterSj 
are satisfied with any name that seems at all applicable. 

Native of Siberia, on the Altaic mountains. A hardy 
perennial. Propagated by seeds, which it produces freely, 
or by parting the roots. Communicated by Mr. Knight, of 
the Exotic Nursery, King's-Road. 



( 1777 ) 



Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 
Cor. rotata, subinaequalis. Caps. 2-Iocularis, bivalvis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Verbascum bipinnatifidum ; foliis radicalibus interrupte bi- 

pinnatifidis : caulinis serrato-dentatis, ramis divaricatis, 

floribus axillaribus sessilibus subsolitariis. 
Verbascum pinnatifidufn ; foliis oblongis : radicalibus bi- 

pinnatifidis : caulinis pinnatifidis dentatis, caule ramosis- 

simo virgato, floribus axillaribus sessilibus. Bieb. FL 

Taurico-Cauc. 1. p. 162. 
Verbascum pinnatifidum. Vahl Symh. 2. p. 39 ? Willd. Sp. 

PL 1. p. 1006 ? Hort. Keid, ed. alt. 1. p. 386 ? vix eadem 

species ac nostra videtur. 

Our plant, which is undoubtedly the same species as de- 
scribed by Marschal v. Bieberstein, as growing' in Tauria, 
on the sandy shores of the Black-Sea, does not appear to us 
to be the pinnatifidum of Vahl, taken up by Willdenow, a 
native of the islands of the Grecian Archipelago ; and certainly 
has nothing to do with Tournefort's Verbascum grcecum, 
fruticosum, folio sinuato candidissimo, quoted as a dubious 
synonym of that plant ; as we have ascertained by an imper- 
fect specimen, gathered by Tournefort himself, preserved 
in the Banksian Herbarium. 

In our plant the radical leaves are finely divided, lie flat 
upon the ground, and perish as soon as the stem rises up to 
flower. The stem is very much branched ; branches rigid, 


very divaricate ; caulinfe leaves sessile, half slcnvclaspin^, 
lower ones more, the upper less deeply toothed. Flowers 
sessile and, for the most part, solitary. 

Communicated by Messrs. Loddiges and Sons, who raised 
it from seeds received from Caucasus. It is a hardy biennial. 
Propagated by parting its roots, or by seeds ; but it seems 
doubtful whether these will be perfected in this country. 
Flowers in July and August. 


( 1778 ) 

nlcotiana quadrivalvis. missouri 

# ♦ <i fr » $ ♦ <►♦ $ $ ♦ i j t $ ♦ ♦ # 

CYftss ararf Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. infundibuliformis, limbo plicato. Stam. inclinata. Cops. 
2— 4-valvis, 2 — 4-locularis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Nicotiana quadrinalvis ; pedunculis solitariis unifloris, cap- 
sulis quadrilocularibus. 

Nicotiana quadrivalvis ; foliis oblongo - ovatis petiolatis, 
floribus in summitate ramuloram sparsis solitariis, corollis 
infundibuliformibus, laciniis oblongis acutiusculis, cap- 
sulis subglobosis 4-valvibus, Pursh Flor. Amer. Sept. I. 
p. 141. 

Descr. Root annual. The whole plant is clammy, being 
covered with glandular hairs, except the upper surface of the 
leaves, which is nearly free from them. Leaves lanceolate, 
undulate. Flowers solitary pedunculated, sometimes axillary, 
more frequently extra-axillary. Calyx divided half-way. 
Segments lanceolate, unequal, one being constantly longer 
than the rest. Corolla funnel-shaped, undulated, white with 
purplish veins. Capsule round-oval, with four deep grooves, 
four-valved and four-celled. Seeds kidney-shaped, attached 
to a central receptacle. 

This plant is at once distinguished, by its four-celled fruit, 
from every other known species of Nicotiana. Mr. Pursh 
informs us, that it grows both spontaneously and cultivated 
on the borders of the Missouri, principally among the 
Mandan and Ricara nations, and that the tobacco prepared 


from it is excellent, especially a very delicate kind, prepared 
by the Indians from the dried flowers. 

Communicated by our friend A. B. Lambert, Esq. from 
his collection at Boy ton. Flowers in July and August, and 
ripens its seeds very rapidly. Introduced by Mr Nuttal 

( 1779 ) 


jJt .>'«. A ->'•«. >'■*. A. A. Aili.A A. >'s. A. J&. jfe. ik. ;&. 

C7«ss and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-fidus, superus. Peiala 5. Bacca 1-multi-locularis, 

Specific Character. 

PsidiuiM cor datum ; foliis sessilibus cordato-rotundatis utrln- 
que glabris, pedunculis subunifloris aggregatis. 

Descr. A tree with straight rigid branches covered with 
reddish brown bark. Leaves opposite, sessile, heart-shaped, 
approaching to round, some quite rounded at the point, others 
shortly acuminate, smooth on both sides, fleshy, and rigid. 
Peduncles axillary, sometimes branched near the base, more 
generally single, one-flowered, terminated with a minute 
tooth-like bracte at its junction with the germen. Calyx five- 
leaved : leaflets nearly orbicular, concave, green, rigid, 
bursting very irregularly, in part deciduous. Petals live, 
closely adapted to and as it were lining the calycine leaflets, 
and, by the irregular bursting of these, frequently torn off ; 
so that few of the flowers appear perfect. We have found 
even four of the petals enclosed within one leaflet of the calyx. 
A similar irregular bursting of the calyx may be observed in 
other species of this genus. Stamens many : filaments short, 
attached to the persistent base of the calyx : anthers white, 
roundish. Germen inferior, fleshy, six-celled, many-seeded ; 
taste aromatic and acid : style longer than filaments : stigma 

Communicated by A. B. Lambert, Esq. from his collection 
at Boyton., who raised it from seeds received from the late 


James Tobin, Esq. the produce of a tree, growing in the 
Island of St. Nevis, in the West-Indies. Mr. Tobin remarks, 
that there was only one tree of the kind on the island, and 
that it was known by the name of the Spice Guava ; but is 
totally different from Psidium aromaticwm. 

Flowers in May, June, and July. Requires to be kept 
in the stove. 


( 1780 ) 

fl »$♦»**** ft rt ## sjHffr fr+ 

Cfoss ««cZ Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-phyllus : foliolis 2 alasformibus, coloratis. Legumen 
obcordatum, biloculare. 

Specific Character. 

• cristata frutico 
jatis subterminal 
alternis oblongo-cuneatis giabris. 

Polygala speciosa ; cristata fruticosa, appendice duplici, 
racemis ebracteatis subterminalibus multifloris, foliis 

Descr. Stem shrubby, upright, very little divided, green, 
tinged with purple, roughened by the vestiges of fallen leaves. 
Leaves either scattered or alternate, oblong, narrowed to- 
wards the base, emarginate frequently with a mucro ; some 
of the smaller ones are obcordate. Flowers large, bright 
purple, growing in a long nearly terminal raceme (in some 
native specimens in several racemes), alternate and rather 
distant. The three external calycine leaflets green, concave : 
upper one rather larger than the rest : two internal petal- 
like leaflets (alee) many times larger than the external, 
roundish obtuse, beautifully veined, patent, or even reflected 
like the wings of a butterfly ; these wings form the principal 
part of the flower. Corolla has no vexillum, the place of 
which is supplied by the upper external leaflet of the calyx ; 
the alee of the corolla are small, pendent, and connivent ; 
carina large, compressed, canoe-shaped, terminated by two 
large brush-like, bright crimson appendices. Stamens eight, 
enclosed within the carina : filaments all connate at the lower 
part. Anthers oblong, affixed by their base. Germen ob- 
cordate : style incurved : stigma bifid, one lacinia erect, 


emarginate, the other dependant, green, glutinous on the 
underside, where it is stained yellow by the adhering pollen. 

Fine specimens of this plant from the Cape of Good-Hope 
are preserved in the Banksian Herbarium, under the name 
which we have adopted. These have several terminal ra- 
cemes ; but a specimen in Mr. Lambert's Herbarium, 
brought from the Cape by Dr. Roxburgh, has only one. 

The plant, from which our drawing was taken, was com- 
municated by Messrs. Charles and James Young, Nursery- 
men at Epsom, in July last, who raised it from seeds given 
them by Sir John Jacrson, M. P. Requires the protection 
of the greenhouse. 


( 1781 ) 
Rivina humilis. Downy Rivina. 

Class and Order. 
Tetrandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. 4-petala, persistens. Cal.O. Bacca 1 -sperma : semine 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Rivina humilis ; racemis simplicibus, floribus tetrandria 

foliis pubescentibus. Willd. Sp. PL 1. p. 694. Hort. 

Kew. ed. alt. 1. p. 273. Mart. Mill Diet. n. 1. 
Rivina humilis racemosa, baccis puniceis. Plum. Gen. 48. 
Rivinia. Hort. Cliff. 35. Jussieu Gen. 84. 
Rivina humilis. Brown Jam. p. 148. Gcertn. Fruct. p. 375. 

t. 77. f. 5. 
Pierce a tomentosa ; foliis cordatis pubescentibus. Mill. 

Diet. ed. 7. 
Solanum barbadense racemosum minus tinctorium. Pluk. 

Aim. 353. t. 112. f. 2. Moris. Hist. 3. p. 522. n. 23. 
Solanoides americana circseae foliis canescentibus. Tournef. 

Act. 1706. 
Amaranthus baccifer circseae foliis. Commel. Hort. 1. p. 127. 

Phytolacca americana fructu minori. Boerh. Lugd. 2. 

p. 70. 

This plant was named by Plumier in honour of the 
celebrated Leipsic Botanist, Aug. Quirinus Rivinvs, who 
flourished in the time of Tournefort and Ray. It is an 
old inhabitant of our stoves,- where, when kept free from 
insects and in a high temperature, it makes a pretty appear- 
ance; for although the flowers are not very conspicuous, 
yet being of a good white, when first expanded, they 


contrast well with its scarlet fruit ; and both are produced 
plentifully at the same time, almost throughout the year. 

It probably varies in the number of stamens from four to 
eight, as Miller, who surely describes our species, attri- 
butes to it eight. It varies also greatly in the degree of 
pubescence, being, as is remarked by Linnaeus, when very 
vigorous, of a brightish green, and, when impoverished by 
cold, of a hoary appearance. 

The berries stain paper or linen of a fine red, but fugitive, 
colour. Miller mentions a fact, which shews an extra- 
ordinary penetrating quality in the juice of these berries, 
and as this might perhaps be turned to use, in inquiries 
into the course of the fluids in some plants, we think it 
worth recording here, especially as the observation has been 
omitted by Professor Martyn, in his edition of Miller's 
Dictionary. His words are, " I have made many experi- 
ments with the juice of these berries to colour flowers, which 
have succeeded extremely well. These were made in the 
following manner: I pressed out the juice of the berries and 
mixed it with common water, putting it into a phial, and 
shaking well together, for some time, till the water was 
thoroughly tinged ; then I cut off the flowers, which were 
just fully blown, and placed their stalks into the phial, and, 
in one night, the flowers have been finely variegated with 
red. The flowers which I made the experiments on, were 
the Tuberose and double white Narcissus." We remember 
too to have read in some periodical work, that if the juice of 
these berries be added to the water in which white Hyacinths 
are blowing, the colour will rise into the flower in red 

Native of the West-Indies. Commelin says, he received 
the seeds from which he raised his plants from the East- 

Cultivated according to Morison, as quoted above from 
the Hortus Kewensis, before 1699. Communicated by 
John Walker, Esq. of Arno's-Grove. 


( 1782 ) 
Cistus LiEViPES. Cluster-leaved Cistus. 

: C/«ss oTirf Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cor. 5-petaIa. Cat. 5-phylIus : foliolis 2 minoribus. Capsula. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Cistus Icevipes ; suffruticosus adscendens exstipulatus, foliis 
alternis fasciculatis filiformibus glabris, .pedunculis race- 
mosis. Sp. PL 739. ed. mild. 2. p. 1190. Hort. Kew. 
ed. alt. 3. p. 308. Jacq. Vindob. 2. p. 74. t. 158. Cavan. 
Ic. 2. p. 56. t. 173. Mart. Mill. Diet. n. 15. 

Cistus suft'ruticosus, procumbens, foliis alternatim confertis 
inaequalibus setaceis. Ger. Prov. 394. t. 14. 

Cistus humilis massiliotica, camphorata? tenuissimis foliis 
glabris. Pluk. Aim. 107. t. 84. / 6. 

Helianthejvium levipes. Lam. et Dec. Fl. Franc. 4. p. 816. 

Cistus lavipes, calycina, and Fumana, have a very near 
affinity to each other : Icevipes is a low under-shrub, which 
when cultivated in pots, as it usually is with us, always rises 
with straight stems, but so slender as to require support when 
exposed to the weather. Native specimens have generally an 
ascending stem. 

Prom its abundant, lively, yellow flowers, and uncommon 
foliage, it makes an agreeable variety ; and it takes up very 
little room. 

Native of the South of France, and too tender to endure 
our winters, without the protection of a greenhouse. Flowers 
from June to August. Cultivated, according to Mr. Aiton, 
in 1690, in the royal garden at Hampton-Court. Communi- 
cated by N. Hodson, Esq. of the War-Office. 

A w r]S3. 

( 1783 ) 


ItOSE-LEiYED ftSM^fcfe; 

Cfcss «#cZ Order. 


Generic Character. 

€ctl. 5-fidus. Petala 5. Bacca composita acinis tai 

Specific Character and Sj/nohj/ms. 

Rubus roscefolius ; frutescens, folii's quinato-pinhatis terna- 
tiscjue utrinque viridibus, caule petiolisque aculeatis, 
floribns soiitariis. Smith Icon. 3. t. 60. IVUtd. Sp PL 2, 
p. 1080. 

(3.) coroimrius ; jlore magno multiplici. 

Rubus sinensis. Hortulanoruih. 

Descr. Stem shrubby, branched, and, together with the 
petioles, covered with sharp, mostly straight, prickles. Leaves 
pinnate, for the most part quinate, with the lower pair more 
distant ; the upper leaf next the flower always ternate : leaflets 
ovate-acuminate, doubly serrate, and now and then irregu- 
larly incised, rugose, green on both sides ; when dry, their 
rugosity nearly disappears, and they feel soft from an in- 
visible villosity ; when viewed through a lens, in this state, 
they appear covered with minute, shining glands. Stipules 
subulate. Peduncle solitary, terminal, opposite a ternate 
leaf. Calyx 5-cleft : segments ovate-acuminate with the 
point lengthened out into a sort of awn. Petals many, 
roundish, emarginate. Stamens many : anthers oblong, lu- 
nated. Receptacle globular : styles many : stigmas simple. 

This elegant Bramble, almost rivaling a Rose, was intro- 
duced, some years since, from the Prince of Wales's- Island, 


in the East-Indies, by the late Mr. Ev ans, of Stepney > who 
devoted almost his whole income to the acquirement of new 
and rare plants, which he generously distributed among, other 

Nurserymen usually call it Rubus sinensis, but from what 
authority it is considered as coming from China we know not. 
To us it appears to be clearly a variety of Rubus rosajblins, 
described and figured by Sir James E. Smith ; from which 
species, a native of the Isle of Mauritius, it appears to differ 
in nothing but in the size of the flower and multiplicity of 
its petals. Rubus pinnatus in its foliage very much resembles 
our plant, except that it has prickles along the midrib of the 
leaflet j but its inflorescence is a terminal raceme. 

Notwithstanding the corolla is so very double, the parts of 
fructification seem to remain so perfect, that fruit may very well 
be expected, though we do not find that any has as yet been 

Is best treated as a greenhouse plant, being impatient of 
excessive cold or heat. Thrives in any soil ; and propagates 
itself rapidly by suckers, which it puts forth abundantly. 

Our drawing was taken at Messrs. Whitley, Brame, 
and Milne's Nursery, at Fulham, in April 1813; our de- 
scription chiefly from a fine living specimen, communicated 
by Mr. William Kent, of Clapton, last October. So that its 
season of flowering, under its present management, seems 
very uncertain, or to have a very long range. 


( 1784 ) 

Pjeonia officinalis. Single-flowered 
Common Peony* 

»**%»»»** t % $ t *% 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character, 
Cal. 5-pliylIus. Petala 5. Styli 0. Capsvlce polyspermy. 

Specific Character and Synonytns. 

P^onia officinalis ; foliis decompositis nudis : foliolis lobatis : 

lobis lato-lanceolatis, capsulis rectiusculis tomentosis. 

Retz. Obs. 3. p. 35. mild. Sp. PI. 2. p. 1221. HorL 

Kew. ed. alt. 3. p. 315. 
P^onia foliolis oblongis. Hort. Cliff. 212. Scop. Cam. 

n. 650. Regnault Bot. 
PjEonia radice glandulosa, foliis duplicato-pinnatis, pinnis 

ellipticis et trilobis. Hall. Hist. n. 1 187. 
P^onia femina. Fuchs. Hist. 202. Lob. 1c. 682. 6. Bank 

Pin. 323. Park. Parad. 341. Kniph. Cent. 6. n. 69. 

Knorr. Del. 1. t. R. 3. Blackw. Herb. t. 65. Moris. 

Hist. 3. 
P^eonia rubra flore simplici. Besl. Hort. Eyst. Vern. Ord. 6. 
/. nit. 

The Common Peony of the gardens now rarely occurs 
with single flowers. In Parkinson's time it must have been 
much more common, as he observes, that the double sort 
sometimes produces ripe seeds ; which, being sown, bring 
forth some single and some double flowers. The extremely 
double varieties which, in our days, have been almost ex- 
clusively cultivated, rarely, if ever, produce any seed ; and 
are so easily propagated by the tuberous roots, that little or 
no attention Aas been paid to procuring it, till quite of late, 


•when a sort of rage for Peonies has become prevalent, and 
seminal varieties are sought after with great avidity. 

The roots of this species of Peony were formerly in con- 
siderable repute, as a medicine, and were supposed to cure 
epilepsy, convulsions of inlants, and many other disorders ; 
but are at present almost wholly out of use. 

The Common Peony is very hardy, and will thrive in 
almost any soil or situation, even under the shade of trees, 
Where few other plants will live. 

Blossoms in May and June. Was cultivated in our 
gardens as long since as the year 1548, according to Mr. 
Aiton, upon the authority of Turner's Names of Herbs. 

Communicated by Messrs. Chandler and Buckingham, 
Nurserymen, at Vauxhall, who have one of the most ex- 
tensive collections of this genus. 


( 1785 ) 

Jasmintm Sambac (y. trifoliatum). The 
Tuscan Jasmine, or Kudda-Mulla. 

Ctass and Order. 


Generic. Character. 

Corolla hypocrateriformis > 5 — 8-fida. Bacca dicoeca. 
Semma soffitarift, arillata. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Jasminum Sambac i foliis oppositis simplicibus ellipticis 
ovatis subcordatisque membranaceis opacis, ramulis pe- 
tioliscme pubescentibus, laciniis calycinis subulatis. Hort 
Kew, edi. \™' v. I. p. 8.—ed alt. 1. p. 15 mild. Sp. 
PL I. p. 35, Mart. MM. Diet. n. 1 

Nyctanthes Sambac. Linn. Sp. PI. 8. 

Moggrium. Sambac. Lam. Encycl. 4. 210.— Illustr. 1. 23: 
t. &/. 1. 

(*.) Jlore simplici. 

Jasminlm Sambac. Bot. Regist. 1. 

{$■) floribus7nvltiplicatis 3 laciniis oblongis acutis tubo bre- 

Jasminum Sambac ; var. fiore pleno. Bot. Rrpos. 497. 

(y0 trifoliatum; Jloribus plenis, laciniis subrotundis tubo 
longioribus, foliis plerumque ternatis. 

Jasminum Sambac. $ trifoliatum. Vahl. Enum. I. p. 26. 

Kudda-Mulea% Hort. Malab. 6. p. 89. t;%V. 

Jasminum indicum mali aurantii foliis, flore albo pleno am- 
plissimo. Tilli Hort. Pisan. p. 87. t. 30. 

Nyctanthes grandiflora. Lour. Fl. Cochin. I. p. 21. 

We have not thought it necessary to give a complete 
synonymy for more than the particular variety, which we 
now offer. 


The Kudda-Mulla of the East-Indies differs from the 
other varieties of the Arabian Jasmine in so many points, 
that we might have hesitated whether we should regard it as 
belonging to that species, unless it had been so decided by 
those Botanists who have had the opportunity of seeing them 
together in the East, where they are so universally cultivated. 

The flowers are almost constantly solitary ; the calyx is 
divided into a greater number of segments ; and the leaves, 
instead of being regularly opposite, almost constantly grow 
three together at the extremities of the flowering branches, 
and in other parts indifferently, singly, opposite, or ternate. 

The flowers of all the varieties are much admired for their 
exquisite scent, which, though powerful, is said to refresh 
instead of oppressing the head, as most strong perfumes do. 

The first account we have of the Kudda Mulla, was from 
Van Rhede, in the Hortus Malabaricus. It is said by Miller 
to have been in the royal garden at Hampton-Court at the 
end of the seventeenth century ; but it was little known in 
Europe till it was imported from the East-Indies to the garden 
belonging to the academy at Pisa, about the year 1691 ; 
being, with the common double variety, the only plant that 
survived the voyage, out of sixteen chests sent from Goa. 
These, as soon as they were sufficiently recruited, were 
removed to the garden of the Grand-Duke, where our plant 
was so highly prized, that, though it might have been easily 
propagated by suckers which it produced plentifully, these 
were not permitted to be given to any one, nor were the 
ordinary visitors of the garden allowed even to see this 
ninty. Tilli, from whom we borrow this account, thought 
himself highly honoured by permission to have a representation 
taken of both plants thirty-four years after their importation. 

The above narrative accounts for the name of Tuscan 
Jasmine generally applied to this variety. Miller, in 1730, 
received a plant of it from the Malabar Coast; where he 
supposes it to grow spontaneously. It is, however, very 
doubtful whether the Jasminum Sambac be a native of any 
part of the East-Indies. It seems most probable that it came 
originally from Arabia. 

Thrives best in the bark stove, but should be placed in a 
situation where it may have both light and air, as well as a 
trellis to support it. Propagated by layers, or cuttings ; but 
the latter are said not to strike readily. Communicated by 
Messrs. Loddiges and Sons, in July 1814. 


( 1786 ) 

Cineraria aurita. Purple-flowered 

♦ M # ♦♦♦♦♦$♦ ♦'♦♦♦>♦ 

Class and Order. 
Syngenesia Polygamia Superflua. 

Generic Character. 

Recept nudum. Pappus simplex. Cal. simplex, polyphyllus 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Cineraria aurita ; (suffruticosa) floribus corymbosis, foliis 
cordatis subangulatis subtus tomentosis, petiolis basi bi- 
auritis. L'Herit. Sert. Angl. p. 26 ; icone nondum eclita. 
Hort. Kew. ed. l ma - 3. p. 220.— ed. alt. 5. p. 72. Willd. 
Sp. PL S. p. 2077. Martyn Mill. Diet n. 33. 

The Cineraria aurita is a greenhouse under-shrub, with 
a woolly stem, disposed to climb. The leaves are tomentose on 
the under side. TheJIowers grow in large corymbs, and are of 
a brightish purple colour, but much paler than those of 
Cineraria cruenta, smaller, and less shewy : they have also 
a very disgusting smell. 

It has a nearer affinity with populifolia than cruenta, from 
the latter of which it is readily distinguished by the smaller 
leaves, white underneath, with long petioles not winged at the 
sides,, and having a single pair of roundish stipules at the base ; 
besides that, tiie stem of cruenta is herbaceous. From 
populifolia it is distinguished by the want of several tooth- 
like appendices on the footstalk. 

Native of the Island of Madeira, where it was found by 
Mr. Francis Masson, and was introduced into the Kew 
Crardcn in 1790. Flowers in June and July. Communicated 
*>}' John Walker, Esq. of Arno's-Grove, 



Pui.h s fvru^ymn^^th.j^.^.r. 

( 17S7 ) 
Symphytum tauricum. Taurian Comfrey. 

C/ass ««d Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Corolla limbus tubulato-vcntricosus : fauce clausa radiis 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Symphytum tauricum ; foliis cordato-ovatis rugosis hirti$, 

limbo corolla? cyathiformi, caule ramoso hispido macu- 

Symphytum tauricum; foliis cordato-ovatis hirtis petiolatis, 

floralibus oppositis sessilibus, laciniis limbi corollas ob- 

tusis, caule ramoso. JVilld. Enum. Hort. Berol. 1. 

p. 183. 
Symphytum foliis cordatis crenulatis basi inaequalibus petio- 

latis. Willd. in N. Act. Soc. Nat. Scrut. Berol. 3. p. 120. 

t. 6.f. 1. 
Symphytum orientate; caule foliisque cordato-ovatis petio- 

latis hirsutism summis oppositis sessilibus, corolla? limbo 
. oampanulato. M. V. Bieberst. Fl. Taurico-Caucas. 1. 

p. 129. 
Symphytum Constantinopolitanum, Borraginis folio et facie, 

flore albo. Tournef. Corol. 7. Voyage du Levant, 

v. 1 . p. 524. cum tabula. 

Descr. Ste?n herbaceous, scarcely a foot high, hispid 
and spotted with small reddish dots. Branches very divari- 
cate. Leaves on very short winged footstalks, ovate, acute, 
with a broad base frequently cordate, rugose, margin finely 
undulated, so as to give the appearance of being crenulate, 
villous and hairy along the veins : floral leaves sessile, oppo- 
site, spreading. Racemes terminal, always two together, 
nodding. Calyx five-cleft : segments subulate. Corolla 


funnel-shaped, white: tube shorter than calyx: limb cup- 
shaped : lacinia very obtuse. Nectaries five barren filaments, 
lance-shaped between the stamens, and a little longer than 
them. Style oblique, the length of the corolla. 

This species differs in many respects from Symphytum 
orientate, in which the leaves are more approaching to lance- 
shaped, not rugose, nor undulate at the margin ; limb of the 
corolla spreading gradually from the tube to the mouth, not 
suddenly in form of a cup ; style considerably exserted, which 
in this only equals the corolla. 

A hardy perennial. Flowers in April and May. Native 
of Southern Tauria. Communicated by Mr. Knight, of the 
Exotic Nursery, King's-Road ; who raised it from seeds sent 
from Russia, under the name of Symphytum bullatum. It 
appears to have been described by Willdenow, in his Enu- 
meration of the Plants cultivated in the Berlin Garden, under 
the appellation which we have adopted. 



( 1788 ) 
StobjEa pinnata. Carthamus-like Stob^ea. 

Class and Order. 
Syngenesia Polygamia ^Equalis. 

Generic Character. 

Receptaculum hispidum, favosum. Pappus paleaceus. Cor. 
flosculosa. Cal. imbricatus, squamis dentato-spinosis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

STOBiEA pinnata ; foliis sessilibus subtus tomentosis pinnati- 

fidis : pinnis lanceolatis dentatis sursum deorsumque 

divaricatis spina terminatis. 
STOBiEA pinnata ; foliis tomentosis pinnatifidis : pinnis linea- 

ribus spina terminatis. Thunb. Prod. 141. fVUld. Sp. 

PL 3. p. 1705. 

This plant rises up with a straight woolly stem about a 
foot high, dividing into several alternate branches towards 
the top, bearing each one flower at the extremity. In a 
native specimen, we have observed that, after these flowers 
decay, the stem has again shot out and born fresh flowers on 
short branches, as at first, the prickly heads of the old flowers 
remaining as a fence below. Leaves oblong, tomentose on 
the under side, deeply cut into lance-shaped segments, directed 
alternately one up and another downwards, furnished with 
small teeth at the sides and a strong spine at the extremity. 
Calycine leaflets imbricate squarrose, longer than the florets, 
armed with a strong spine at the point and spinous teeth at 
the base. Receptacle bristly. Head of flowers small discoid : 
floscules tubular with a five-cleft border. Stigmas exserted, 

Stob^ea is a genus of plants, natives of the Cape of Good* 
Hope, established by Professor Thunberg, and named, we 
suppose, in honour of Dr. Kilian Stqb;Eus, an eminent 


professor in the Swedish University of Lund, in the early 
part of the last century. 

The species here described, has been several years in some 
of the more curious collections about town, and was well 
known to Mr. Brown, though by accident omitted in the 
new edition of the Hortus Kewensis ; which is the more to be 
regretted, as not one of the genus occurs there, or, as we 
believe, in the catalogue of any other European garden. 

From the short character given by Thunberg in his Pro- 
dromus, we cannot be certain that our plant is the same with 
his, though it accords with his definition, as far as it goes, 
and cannot belong to any other of the species that he has 

.Qur drawing was made in August 1813, at the very fine col- 
lection belonging to the Comtesse De Yandes, at Bayeswater. 
But at that time we had no opportunity of seeing the plant : 
our description was therefore taken from a plant communi- 
cated by John Walker, Esq. early in November of the 
present year. 

Flowers from July to November. Requires to be pro- 
tected from frost. 

N.ip 9 

( 1789 ) 

Cerastium amplexicaule. Glaucous 
Chick weed. 

Class and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-phyllus. Petala bifida. Caps. 1-Iocularis, apice 

Specific Character. 

Cerastium amplexicaule ; glabrum, caule dichotomo, foliis 
cordato-ovatis amplexicaulibus, petalis semibifidis, pedun- 
culis fructiferis reflexis, capsular ore decemdentato. 

Descr. Stems diffuse, dichotomous, rounded., striate, 
smooth, brittle. Leaves cordate -ovate, acute, stem -embracing", 
glaucous, smooth. Peduncles solitary from the divisions of 
the stem, reflected after the flower falls. Calj/cine leaflets 
erect, acute, white-margined. Petals semibitid, streaked, 
white. Stamens always ten, shorter than petals : anthers 
yellow. Germen oval. Styles five. Capsule oblong-oval, 
one-celled, ten-valved ; valves reflected at the point. Seeds 
kidney -shaped, tubercular, chesnut-coloured, attached to a 
central receptacle. 

The Cerastium amplexicaule is very nearly related to 
Cerastium aquaticum, from which however it differs in 
several material respects, more especially in being perfectly 
smooth, in having its petals divided only half-way, and the 
mouth of the capsule splitting into ten teeth instead of five. 
It is moreover altogether of much larger growth. Alsine 
Cerastium foliis connatis of Gmelin's Flora Sibirica, vol. 4. 
tab. 62. f. 1. represents a plant with stem-embracing, but 


not connate, leaves ; and might have been taken for our 
species, had not the peduncle of the fruit been upright. 

Our plant was raised at Boy ton from seeds received by 
Mr. Lambert from Dr. Fischer, who presides' over the 
garden at Gorenki, with so much credit to himself and ad- 
vantage to the science of Botany. It is a hardy perennial, 
and llowers most part of the summer. 

( 1^90 ) . 
Ipomcea insignis. Magnificent Ipomcea. 

$ ! $*%$%% # i%4HfHMH|H|t+ 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. infundibuliformis. Stigma capitato-globosum. Caps. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Ipomcea insignis; (volubilis, glabra) foliis cordatis lobatis 
integrisque subtus coloratis, pedunculis axillaribus mul- 
tifloris, corollis hypocrateriformibus : fauce cylindrica. 

Ipomoea insignis ; (glabra, volubilis) foliis cordatis intcgris 
vel lobatis, acuminatis ; cymis dichotomis ; calyce brevi, 
obtuso, convexo : corolla hypocratcritbrmi. Bot. Regist. 

Ipomcea insignis. Bot. Rcpos. 636. Hort. Kcw. Epit. add. 

The Ipomoea insignis is a very fine climber, and in a 
spacious and lofty hot-house, where it can be allowed an 
extensive trellis and plenty of room for its roots, makes a 
very splendid appearance, producing abundance of shewy 
flowers. The purple colour of the under surface of the 
leaves, which is not however constant, has also a pleasing 

This plant first came into flower at Mr. Benyon's, of 
Knglefield-House, Berkshire; but no account could be obtained 
from what country it was received. It is, however, most probably 
a native of the East-Indies ; and, if not a mere variety of 
Convolvulus paniculatns of Linksus, the Pal-Medecca of 
the Hortus Malabaricus, certainly approaches very near to 
that species. 

The stems die down every year and shoot up again in the 
spring. Flowers from July to October. Propagated by 

Our drawing was taken at Mr. Verb's, of Kensington- 
Gore, in August 183 2. 

( 1791 ) 

Delphinium urceolatum. Hollow-leaved 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 
Cal. 0. Petala 5. Nectarium 2-fidum, postice cornutum. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Delphinium urceolatum ; (tricapsulare) calcare rugoso pe- 
dicellum aequante, labellis apice barbatis emarginatis, 
foliis 3 — 5-fidis : lobis acutis tridentatis. 

Delphinium urceolatum; nectariis diphyllis, labellis bifidis 
apice barbatis, foliis palmatis urceolatis. J acq. Collect. 1. 
p. 153. Icon.Rar. 1. t. 101. 

Delphinium urceolatum ; nectariis diphyllis, labellis ob- 
longis bifidis, laciniis lanceolatis asqualibus, foliis peltato- 
concavis tripartitis pubescentibus, laciniis trifidis. Willd, 
Sp. PI. 2. 1230. Ejusd. Enum. 1. p. 574. 

Descr. Stem upright, two or three feet high, striated, 
smooth at the lower part and hairy upwards, a little branched 
at top. Leaves 7- 5- and 3-lobed, pale underneath, and a 
little hairy at the edges only : lobes acute, somewhat con- 
nivent at the points, so as to give a hollowness to the leaf : 
near the flow r er the leaves are generally simply trifid, with 
here and there a little tooth. Flowers in a long raceme, 
pale blue mixed with pink. Pedicels sigmoid, club-shaped, 
generally with one long linear bracte at the base and two 
near the flower. Petals in front nearly equal, ovate, acute, 
with the points inflected : spur thick, rugose, incurved, as 
long as, or somewhat longer, than the pedicel. Nectary 
(Petals of Jussieu) two inverted canoe-shaped bodies, pro- 

tended into the spur of the upper petal, bifid at the point : 
labella two small, oval, emarginate petals, bearded at the 
point, supported on long twisted claws. These nectaries are 
three times smaller than the petals. Capsules three. 

We have no doubt but our species is the urceolatum of 
Jacquin, and sufficiently distinct from exaltatnm, of which 
it has been supposed to be a variety. It seems to us to be 
more nearly allied to Slaphisagria ; and may be the long- 
spurred variety of that species mentioned by Willdenow. 

Is perfectly hardy. Its native country uncertain. Com- 
municated by John Walker, Esq. of Arno's-Grove. 


( 1792 ) 

Sagittaria lancifolia. Lance-leaved 

C7«ss *md Order. 


Generic Character. 

Masc. Cal. 3-phyllus. Cor. 3-petala. Filam. fere 24. 

Fem. CaZ. 3-phyIlus. Cor. 3-petala. Pistilla multa. 
&7?i. multa nuda. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Sagittaria lancifolia ; foliis ovatis utrinque attenuatis, scapo 
inferne ramoso. Willd. Sp. PL 4. p. 410. excluso forsan 
synonymo Michauxii. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 5. p. 283. 

Sagittaria lancifolia. Jmoen.Acad. 5. p. 409. %tf. Vegetal, 
ed. 14. p. 856. Bot. Repos. 333. Mart. Mi7/. Diet. n. 3. 

Sagittaria foliis lanceolato-ovatis Jacq. Amer. 248.— pict. 

Sagittaria foliis maximis simplicibus oblongis utrinque pro- 
duces, ramulis verticillatis, caule glabro. Brown Jam. 
p. 345. 

Ranunculus aquaticus plantaginis folio, flore albo, calyce 
purpureo. Plum. Cat. pi. amer. p. 7. — ic. 116. / 1. 

Sagittaria lancifolia is a native of Jamaica and Cuba, and 
perhaps of the continent of South-America ; but probably 
not of Carolina, as the plant inserted under the above name 
by Michaux, in his Flora of North-America, is, according to 
PyasH, a distinct species, distinguished by its beaked, sickle- 
shaped seeds, and named by him falcata. In Donn's Cata- 

logue our plant is said to be a native of the East-Indies, but 
this we apprehend to be a mistake, though continued in the 
last edition by Pursh. 

If planted in a loamy soil and plunged below the water 
in the cistern of the hot-house, it flowers freely and makes 
a very handsome appearance ; but it will not blossom without 
the aid Of artificial heat. 

Our drawing was made several years ago from a fine plant 
growing in the stove of E. I. A. Woodford, Esq, at that 
time at Vauxhall. 

Kl 19 t. 

( 1793 ) 

Erica Blandfordiana. Lord Blandford's 


Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cat 4-phylIus. Cor. persistens; limbo 4-fido. Anthera 
ante anthesin per foramina % lateralia connexae. Caps. 4-8- 
locularis, 4-8-valvis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 
Sect. 5. Breviflora?. A. CorollcB tubus subglobosus. 

^rica Blandfordiana ; foliis quaternis, bracteis calyci 
proximis, floribus terminalibus subsolitariis, antheris 

Erica Blandfordiana foliis quaternis. Hort. Kezu. cd. alt. 
2. p. S^2. 

Erica Blandfordia. Andrews's Heaths, vol. 3. 

The Erica Blandfordiana is placed by Mr. Dryander in 
the second section of his Brevifloree, containing such as have 
the tube of the corolla ewer-formed, bractes close to the calyx, 
a nd axillary flowers. To us it appears rather to belong- to the 
first section, or such as have the tube nearly globular. It 
w dl, however, if placed there, make a second exception with 
respect to the form of the anthers, which are said to be crested 
jn all except in odorata ; as in our plant they are awned. 
The flowers for the most part grow singly at the extremities 
of short branches ; and in the plants which we have examined 
are never properly axillary : for although towards the ends of 
the principal branches, they are nearly sessile, yet they are 
«ven here surrounded by leaves at the base, proving them to 


stand in fact upon branches not elongated. The calycine 
leaflets are ovate, acuminate, marginated, with three minute 
trades close applied to their base. Tube of the corolla nearly 
globular, smooth : laciniae of the limb erect, connivent at first, 
but finally spreading. Anthers included. Stigma exserted. 

Native of the Cape of Good-Hope, where it was discovered 
by Mr. James Niven. Introduced in 1803 by Messrs. Lee 
and Kennedy, at whose nursery our drawing was made in 
February 1813. 

'■''f^W' '■'•< '•' -^ .Val»»>4 ../.,., 

( 1794 ) 

Rosa gallica (3. versicolor). Striped Red 
Rose, or Rosa Mlndi. 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Petala 5. Cal. urceolatus, 5-fidus, carnosus, collo coarc- 
tatus. Se?n. plurima, hispida, calycis interiori lateri affixa. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 
* * fructibus ovatis. 

Rosa gallica ; fructibus ovatis pedunculisque hispidis, caule 

petiolisque hispido-aculeatis. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 3. 

p. 262. 
03.) versicolor. Rosa Mundi. Miss Lawr. Roses, t. 13. 

MartynMill. Diet. n. 16. 
Rosa rubro et albo variegata, Rosa Mundi,, vulgo dicta 

(Mundy Rose), km. Hist. 1475. n. 35. 
Rosa versicolor, Passe D'Angleterre. Weinm. Phyt. vol. 5. 

p. 231. b. ic. 869. a. 

Rosa Mundi, or, as it was formerly corruptly called, the 
Mundy Rose, is a variety of the Common Red Rose ; the 
dried petals of which have for so many years maintained a 
place in the Materia Medica of every civilized country, 
though, perhaps, in modern practice, more for the sake of 
the colour, and as forming- an agreeable menstruum for more 
active remedies, than from any dependance upon its own 

This variety, though mentioned by Ray, and supposed to 
have been more common in England than elsewhere, does 
not occur in either Gerard or Parkinson. When in perfect 
health, with its foliage undefaced by insects or mildew, it is 
perhaps not exceeded in beauty by any rose cultivated in our 

Communicated by — Owen, Esq. of Clapham. 



( 1795 ) 
Viola cucullata. Hollow-leaved Violet. 

Class and Order. 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

(Syngenesia Monogamia. Linn.) 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-phyllus. Cor. 5-petala, irregularis, postice cornuta. 
Anih. cohasrentes. Caps, supera, 3-valvis, 1-locularis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Viola cucullata; acaulis, glabra, foliis cordatis acutis basi 
cucullatis serratis, petalis lateralibus basi barbatis. 

Viola cucullata ; acaulis, foliis cordatis acutiusculis glabris 
basi cucullatis, floribus ' inversis, petalis oblique flexis. 
Hort. Kew. cd. 1™" 3. p. 288.—ed. alt. % p. 44. JVUld. 
Sp. Pi I. p. 1162. PersoonSyn.l.p.254. Mart. Mill. 
Diet. n. 7. 

Viola cucullata, glabra ; foliis cordatis glabris serratis basi 
cucullatis, pedunculis longitudine petiolorum, petalis ob- 
lique flexis : lateralibus barbatis. Pursh Ft. Amer. Sept. 
I. p. 173. 

Viola cucidlata is a native of North- America, and was 
first described by Dr. Solander in Aiton's Hortus Kewensis; 
where we are informed, that it was introduced in the year 
1772, by Dr. Samuel Martin. 

It was an early inhabitant of Mr. Curtis's first Botanic 
Garden, at Lambeth-Marsh, where we well remember this 
accurate observer pointed out to us, that the flowers which 
appeared in the spring were uniformly barren ; but that later 
in the summer apetalous flowers were produced upon very 
short scapes, which were as constantly fertile. The produc- 
tion of apetalous fertile flowers was first observed in the 


Viola nurabUis, in which complete flowers appear early in 
the spring upon scapes ; after these are fallen, the plant 
becomes caulescent, and fertile flowers, which are for the 
most part apetalous, are produced upon the steins in the axils 
of the leaves. We are informed, however, by Mr. George 
Graves, editor of the new edition and continuation of the 
Flora Londinensis, now publishing, that this circumstance, 
of the seed being produced from apetalous flowers coming 
later in the season, and growing on very short scapes, con- 
cealed among the leaves, is by no means peculiar to Viola 
cucullata ; but that the same economy takes place in several 
other, perhaps in all the stemless, species. 

A hardy perennial; propagated by seeds or parting its 
roots ; likes a loamy soil and a damp situation. We do not 
know that any figure of this species has been before given 
in any botanical work. 

JV. i-i y 6. 



( 1796 ) 


Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. oblongus, 5-fidus. Cor. calice duplo Iongior, infun- 
dibuliformis, 5-fida, patens. Caps, oblonga, 4-locularis, 

Specific Name and Synonyms. 

Dieryilla hurailis. Persoon Syn. 1. p. 214. 

Diervilla Tourneforti ; Michaux Fl. Am. Bor. I. p. 1. 

p. 107. 
Diervilla. Hort. Cliff. 63. t. 7. 
Lonicera Diervilla ; racemis terminalibus, foliis serratis. 

Spec. PL 249. Willd. 1. p. 989. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 

v. 1. p. 850. Mart. Mill. Diet. Kniph. Cent. 9. n. 6. 
Diervilla acadiensis fruticosa flore luteo. Tournef. in Act. 

Paris. 1706. t. l.f. 1. MiUer Ic. t. 124. (errore 125.) 

Duham. arb. 1. p. 209. t. 87. Schmidt arb. t. 116. 

Boerh. Lugd. Bat. 1. p. 277. 
Diervilla canadensis. Willd. Enum. 1. 222. 
Diervilla lutea ; pedunculis axillaribus et terminalibus 

dichotomis trifloris, foliis ovatis serratis acuminatis. Pursh 

Fl. Amer. Sept. \.p. \ 62. 

This plant was first brought to Europe from Acadie, as 
the French at that time called Nova-Scotia, by Mons. 
Dierville, surgeon, in commemoration of whom Tourne- 
fort named it. The genus was taken up by Linn^us in 
his Hortus Cliffortianus ; but afterwards united by him to 
Lonicera, a union soon after objected to by Miller, from 


its fruit being a four-celled dry capsule ; and the original 
name has been since restored by Jussieu, and is now 
adopted by the first Botanists. 

It is remarkable that the specific name .has been changed 
by every systematic writer that has recorded the plant under ' 
the appellation of Diervilla. At first Michaux applied 
that of Tourneforli, but Persoon, in his Synopsis, probably 
from the impropriety of joining the names of two Botanists 
in the same plant, applied that of humilis, which Willde- 
now, in his Enumeration of the Plants of the Berlin Garden, 
has thought fit to change to canadensis. Had he called it 
acadiensiS; as Tournefort had done, we should certainly 
have followed him. Lastly comes Mr. Pursh, who, in his 
Flora of North- America, has called it lutea. Persoon's 
Synopsis being a general system, in every one's hands, we 
have thought it right to reject all the names since applied, 
and retain that of humilis. 

Native of North- America, from Canada to the lofty moun- 
tains of Carolina. A hardy shrub ; loves a moist soil and 
shady situation. Propagated by cuttings or suckers, which 
it throws up abundantly. Flowers from May to August ; 
but rarely matures its fruit in this country, and we have 
never seen it. That it is a four-celled capsule, not a berry, 
we take upon the authority of others. Communicated bj 
John Walker, Esq. of Arno's-Grove, Southgate. 

( 1797 ) 

Phyteuma Scheuchzeri. Scheuchzer's 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. rotata, 5-partita : laciniis linearibus. Stigma 2- s. 
3-fidum. Caps. 2- s. 3-locularis, infera. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Phyteuma Scheuchzeri ; foliis lineari-lanceolatis serrato- 
dentatis, bracteis linearibus capitulo longioribus, corollae 
laciniis medio fenestratis, stigmate trifido. 

Phyteuma Scheuchzeri ; capitulo subfolioso, bracteis lineari- 
bus capitulo longioribus, foliis lanceolatis dentatis. 
IVilld. Sp. PL 1. p. 919 — Enum. 214. 

Phyteuma Scheuchzeri. Allioni Pedem. n. 428. t.39.f. 2. 

Rapunculus alpinus petrseus casruleus, foliis flori substratis 
longis angustioribus. Scheuchz. it. 6. p. 460. 

Rapunculus foliis imis longe petiolatis, caulinis linearibus, 
integris, bracteis linearibus, duabus imis longissimis. 
Hall. Hist. n. 682. 

Descr. Stems erect, somewhat angular, smooth, a foot 
or foot and half high. Radical leaves linear-lanceolate, 
narrowed at both extremities, toothed : petioles very long. 
Cauline leaves linear, somewhat toothed, Bractes linear, 
quite entire : one of them generally much longer than in the 
individual from which our drawing was taken. Head oj 
flowers hemispherical. Calyx five-cleft, segments subulate. 
LacinicB of the corolla cohering at the base in a globular 
inflated tube, distinct and expanded in the middle, admitting 


the air to the anthers, cohering again toward the extremities, 
and contracted into a curved horn. Stigma exserted, trifid. 

Has much affinity with Phyteuma cordata (No. 1466.) ; 
but differs from it essentially in the form of the leaves and 

Allioni's figure does not represent the horned corollas. 
Haller's description is excellent ; but his specific character, 
as quoted by Willdenow, is made nonsense of, by a false 

Communicated by Mr. Knight, from the Exotic Nursery, 
in the King's-Road, Little Chelsea. 

Native of Swis-serland and Piemont. A hardy peren- 
nial. Flowers in May and June, and when exposed only 
to the morning sun, will keep long in bloom. 


( 1798 ) 

bobfago laxiflora, bell-flowered 

C/«ss ««(/ Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 
Generic Character. 
Cor. rotata : fancc radiis clausa. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Borago laxiflora ; foliis omnibus alternis ovatis acuminatis 

ciliatis, pedunculis axillaribus solitariis unifloris folio 

Borrago laxiflora. Dccand. Flore Franc, v. 5. p. 422. 

Desfont. Cat. Hort. Par. Fischer Cat. Hort. Gorenk. 

p. 21. 
Anchusa laxiflora. Ft. Franc, ed. 3. n. 2728. Lois. Fl. 

Gall. 1. p. 106. 

This plant differs from every other species of Borago with 
which we are acquainted, by its bell-shaped corolla, not very 
unlike that of Campanula rotundijolia. Its stem is weak, 
assurgent, very hispid, with stiff shining deflexed hairs; 
leaves ovate-acuminate, sessile, hispid : margin undulate- 
crenate, ciliate ; peduncles axillary, solitary, one-ilowered, 
longer than the leaf, recurved when in fruit. 

The first notice we have of this species is from M . De- 
candolle, who described it from dried specimens collected 
by M . Labillardiere, in the Island of Corsica. This author 
was at first induced to refer it to Anchusa, because it ap- 
peared to correspond better with the character given of that 
genus by Gartner than with that of Borago. But Borago 
indica, the species described by Gartner, Decandolle ob- 
serves, belongs properly to the genus Trichodesma of 


We first saw this plant in flower, at the Royal Garden at 
Kew, in July 1814, and have since received specimens of 
it from Mr. Lambert's collection at Boy ton. A hardy 


,,l. by. ■ . .Frl.i.itjA. 

( 1799 ) 

Nerium odorum (/3.) Double sweet-scented 
Rosebay, or Oleander. 

iiHMHih fr fr ft ♦ % fj frfrfr &-#•#■ $ %r 

Class and Qrder. 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Contorta. FoUiculi 2, erecti. Sem. extremitate superiorc 
comosa. Cor. hypocrateriformis 4 faux coronata squamis 5, 
divisis. Sem. extremitate superiore coraosa. Brown, 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Nerium odorum; foliis lineari-lanceolatis temis foliolis ca* 

lycinis erectis, nectariis multipartjtis : laciniis filiformibus. 

Hort. Kew.ed. \.v. I. p. 297. 
Nerium odorum. Willd. Sp. PL 1. 1235. Hort. Kew. ed. 

alt. 2. p. 67. 
(a.) Jloribus simplicibus, foliis angustioribus. 
Nerion indicum angustifolium, floribus odoratis simplicibus. 

Herm. Lugd. B. 447 t. 438. 
Belutta-areli. Hort. Malab. v. 9. p. 3. t. 2. 
Nerium indicum. Mill. Diet. ed. 8. n. 2. 
0?.') Jloribus plenis, foliis latioribus. 
Nerion indicum latifolium, floribus plenis odoratis. Herm. 

Lugd. B. 447. t 449. 
Triovanna-areli. Hort. Malab. v. 9. p. 1. t. 1. 
Nerium indicum, latifolium flore roseo pieno. Weinm. Phyt, 

Ic 755, b. 
Nerium Zeylanicum, floribus roseis amplis plenis. Burm. 

Zeyl. 167. 
Nerium latifolium indicum, flore variegato, odorato, pleno, 
- Commel. Hort. I. p. 45. t. 23. 
^erium odorum. (3. Bot. Rcgist. 74. 
south-Sea Rose. Brown Jam. 181. Hughes Barbad. 218. 

Nerium odorum, a native of the East-Indies, was taken 
U P by Linn^us, in his Hortus Cliffortianus, as a variety of 


the common Oleander, a native of the South of Europe and 
the Levant. Afterwards, in the Species Plantarum, it was 
not even considered as a variety, but both plants were united 
as one and the same. Then, in the thirteenth edition of 
the Systema Vegetabilium, it is recorded as a permanent 
variety, and spoken of as the finest ornament of the Flower 

It was first distinguished as a species by Dr. Solander, 
in the Hortus Kewensis ; and as such has since been generally 

Introduced into the Dutch Gardens about the year 1680, 
by Beverningius, and very soon after cultivated in the 
Chelsea Garden, as appears by a letter from Sir Hans 
Sloane to Mr. Ray. It was well known also to Miller, 
but has been so long lost to our gardens, that when it was 
again introduced lately from France, it was considered as 
entirely new. The plants of the present importation do not 
appear, however, to be in any respect superior to those 
originally introduced into Europe from the East- Indies, as 
is proved both by specimens still preserved, and by the 
figures of Commelin and Weinmann ; the latter of which 
is both faithfully drawn and well coloured. 

Both species of Oleander are allowed on all hand? to 
be poisonous to men and cattle ; fortunately the taste and 
smell of the bruised leaves is sufficient to prevent any injury 
to the former, but the latter are said to have been some- 
times killed by browsing upon it. Externally they may 
be advantageously applied to the cure of some cutaneous 

Flowers from June to August. Propagated by cuttings 
or layers. May be preserved alive in a good greenhouse, 
but to have it flower well, should be kept in an airy part of 
the stove. 

Our drawing was taken at the nursery of Messrs. Col- 
ville and Son, in the King's-Road, so many years celebrated 
for the cultivation of rare and beautiful flowering shrubs, in 
the greatest perfection. 

Praestantissimus flos adonidum Tarietate constant!. 


( 1800 ) 

Cyrtopodium Andersonii. Anderson's 


Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Labellum ungue geniculate : lamina tripartita. Petala b, 
distincta. Massac pollinis % postice biloba*. Brown. 

Specific Name and Synonyms. 

Cyrtopodium Andersonii. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 5. p. 216. 
Cymbidium Andersonii. Lambert in Bot. Repos. 651. 

Cyrtopodium is distinguished from Cymbidium, chiefly by 
its three-lobed nectarium, terminating in an articulated claw. 
Only one species is at present known, which is a native of 
the West-Indies and was introduced into this country by the 
late Thomas Evans, Esq. to whom it was sent from the 
Botanic Garden in the Island of St. Vincent's, by the late 
Mr. Alexander Anderson. 

The flowering- scape rises up before the leaves, then divides 
into several alternate branches, each being furnished with an 
ovate, acute bracte at its base, and bearing a number of 
greenish yellow flowers, supported each by a similar bracte 
at the base of the germen. As these decay, the leaves shoot 
forth from the roots on one side of the scape, are lanceolate, 
with petioles embracing and sheathing one another, so as to 
form a kind of upright stem several inches long, from the 
top of which the leaves spread out in every direction ; these 
are furnished with three strong nerves and numerous stria? 

Communicated by Messrs. Loddiges and Sons ; flowering 
m May. 


( 1801 ) 

Nycterium amazonium. Lambert's 

Class and Order. 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. 4 — 5-fidus. Cor. irregularis, 4 — 5-fida. Stam. 4 — 5, 
filamentis brevissimis ; antheris inaequalibus : infima produc- 
tion [infimis 1, % vel. 3, productioribus,] declinata. Stylus 
declinatus. Bacca subrotunda. Caulis hcrbaccus autjruti- 
cosus. Folia simplicia aut composita. Pedunculi solitarii 
multiflori extraaxillares. Ventenat in Hort. Malm. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Nycterium amazonium (fruticosum, polygamum) foliis peti- 
olatis semicordato-ovatis repandis cauleque tomentosis 
inermibus, calycibus fertilibus aculeatis : sterilibus nudis. 

Solanvm amazonium; fruticosum, polygamum, tridynamum, 
tomentosum, subaculeatum : foliis oblongo ovatis, repan- 
dis, v. sinuato-lobatis, calycibus hermaphroditic solis 
aculeatis: flore irregulari subinaequali. Bot. Reg. 71. 

Descr. Stem shrubby, covered with a white tomentum. 
Leaves scattered, petiolated, ovate, with a creeping undulate 
margin, generally extending a little down the footstalk on one 
side only, tomentose on both sides, on the upper very soft, 
on the under harsher. Peduncles lateral, not axillary, bear- 
ing several flowers in a compound corymb. The upper flowers 
in the corymb are generally male, and consequently sterile, 
the lowermost hermaphrodite and fertile ; of the latter only 
*he calyx is covered with straight sharp prickles, that of the 
male is altogether unarmed. Corolla irregular, 5-cleft : two 
of the lacinus widely divaricate. Stamens 5, on very short 
filaments. Anthers unequal, declined: in the male flowers 
generally three long and two short, in the hermaphrodite two 


Jong and three short, or frequently all nearly equal. Style 
longer than the corolla, declined. Stigma capitate, violet 
coloured. In the male flowers style and stigma defective. 

The genus Nycterium has been established by M. Vente- 
nat in his Jardin de Malmaison. It is very desirable that 
other genera, as well defined, should be taken out of Solanum, 
a family consisting at present, of upwards of two hundred 
species. These have been lately arranged and described by 
M. Dunal, a pupil of the celebrated Decandolle ; and had 
his division of the genus been founded upon such principles of 
classification as genera can alone be founded upon, his dif- 
ferent sections might have served the purpose, whether 
designated by generic names or not; but, if this has been 
his intention, which however it hardly was, the making a 
primary division of the species into aculeate and unarmed, 
was stumbling at the very threshold ; separating to a great 
distance some that are the most nearly allied. Nor are his 
subdivisions, taken from the form of the leaves, less exposed 
to the same failing. 

Native of the Brazils, and with us an inhabitant of the 
bark-stove, where, if it be kept free from vermin, and allowed 
plenty of air, it will grow to a fine shrub, producing its beau- 
tiful violet coloured flowers, throughout the greater part of 
the year. Introduced by Aylmer Burke Lambert, Esq. by 
whom it was communicated to us. 


( 1802 ) 

Gnaphalium fruticans. Shrubby 

C/ass «ra*i Order. 
Syngenesia Polygamia Superflua. 

Generic Character. 

Recept. nudum. Pappus pilosus s. plumosus. Ca/. im- 
bricatus, squamis marginalibus rotundatis, scariosis, coloratis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Gnaphalium fruticans ; (fruticosum argyricomum) foliis am- 
plexicaulibus ovatis trinerviis mucronulatis subtus lanu- 
ginoso-tomentosis, cyma laxiuscula, bracteis oblongis 

Gnaphalium fruticans ; fruticosum, foliis ovatis amplexicau- 
libus, caule rigente, cyma sessili. Mant. alt. 282. 

Gnaphalium grandiflorum. Bot. Repos. 489. Willd. Sp. PL 
3. p. 185 J. exclusis synonymis. 

There seems to us to be the greatest confusion imaginable 
respecting* Gnaphalium grandiflorum and fruticans. Will- 
denow evidently considered our plant as grandiflorum, 
though he has continued the synonym of Burmann, which we 
take to be the true grandiflorum of LiNNiEus ; but which is 
certainly not our plant. Mr. Andrews has, in the Botanist's 
Repository, given a figure of fruticans under the name of 
grandiflorum, for which it is quoted in Hortus Kewensis. 

The description of fruticans in the Mantissa, we must 
allow, does not correspond altogether with our plant, and it is 
from the authority of the specimen in the Banksian Herbarium, 
marked as having been compared with that in the Linnean, 
that we have ventured to consider this as the fruticans of 



The stem, in both plants, is shrubby and covered with a 
white wool, and is very similar in growth. But in grandi- 
fiorum the leaves are obtuse and covered with a thick white 
tomentum on both sides, not unlike white woollen cloth ; in . 
fruticans the tomentum on the upper surface of the leaves is 
green, and frequently disappears when they are old, they are 
also terminated with a small callous mucro, which is wanting 
in the other. The branches in both terminate in a long 
peduncle, bearing small leaves or bractes, more numerous, 
narrower, and even at the margin, in grandiflora ; wider, 
more distant, and more patent, with the margin undulated, 
in fruticans. In the former, the flow'ers are smaller and 
crowded into a close capitulum, which in the latter is more 
lax, being rather a cyme than capitulum ; and the peduncle 
being more rigid, it is probable that Linnaeus considered it 
as stem, not as a peduncle, and therefore called the cyme 
sessile. Without understanding it in this way, it is difficult 
to conceive how a plant answering to his description of 
fruticans, can be nearly related to grandijlorum, which he 
expressly states that it is*. 

The young leaves being covered with a thick tomentum, 
the nerves are scarcely visible, but in the older leaves become 
very apparent. 

A greenhouse shrub. Native of the Cape of Good-Hope. 
Flowers from June to August. 

* Since the above was in the press, we have been kindly informed by our 
friend, Sir James Edward Smith, that upon comparing our figure with the 
specimen of Gnaphalium fruticans, in the Linnean Herbarium, he finds it 
to be certainly the same species* 


i . Ma 

( 1803 ) 


Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cor. 5-petala. Cat. 5-phyllus : foliolis duobus minoribus, 

Specific Clvaracter and Synonyms. 

Cistus sampsucifolius ; (suffruticosus stipulatus) caule assur- 

gente hispido, foliis oblongo-ovalibus integerrimis planis 

superne scabris subtus tomentosis. 
Helianthemum sampsuchifolium. Mill. Diet. ed. 8. 
Cistus pilosus. y. Martyn Mill. Diet. Allioni Pedem. t. 45. 

f. 1. ? nee Jig. 2. quae differt foliis margine revolutis. 
Cistus foliis villosis lanceolatis stipulis subulatis. Sauv. Monsp. 

Helianthemum, sive Cistus humilis folio sampsuchi, capi- 

tulis valde hirsutis. Bank. Hist. 2. p. 20. f. 2. 
Cistus mutabilis. Jacq. ic. rar. t. 99 ? an varietas glabra ? 

That our plant is the Helianthemum sampsuchifolium of 
Miller,, we have satisfied ourselves from comparison with 
Miller's own specimens, now preserved in the Banksian 
Herbarium. There is likewise one of the same species from 
Montpelier. Different specimens vary very much with respect 
to the hairiness of the calyx, this part being in some nearly 
smooth, in others clothed with long hairs. 

Allioni considers our plant, pilosus, polifolius, apenninus, 
and probably mutabilis, as mere varieties of the same species ; 
but we would at least distinguish those in which the margins 
of the leaves are revolute from the plain-leaved, and conse- 
quently the first figure of his pilosus from the second. 


Most Botanists of the present day, and even Willdenow, 
in his Enumeration, have again separated the genus Heli- 
anthemum from Cistus ; and indeed they appear at first sight 
to be sufficiently distinct ; but as the fruit of not nearly all the 
species has as yet been examined, and we have alreadv 
given some that belong to Helianthemum, under the name 
of Cistus, we think it right, for the present, to follow the 
example of the Hortus Kewensis, and keep them under the 
same genus. 

We have not dared to consider the fringed petals as a 
specific character, suspecting that it is not constant, as the 
same variation takes place in a degree in some other species. 

Our plant has great affinity with Cistus surrejanus ; the 
roughness of the upper surface of the leaves being occasioned 
by short hairs collected in fascicles, gives them likewise 
something of a dotted appearance ; and should the extreme 
narrowness of the petals in the latter be found to be not 
constant, they might be considered as the same. 

It is quite hardy, and well-suited for ornamenting rock- 
work. Communicated by N. Hodson, Esq. of the War- 
Office, who informs us, that he received it from the Botanic 
Garden at Cambridge. Native of the South of France, 


( 1804 ) 
Lagasca mollis. Soft-leaved Lagasca. 

Class and Order. 
Syngenesia Polygamia Segregata. 

Generic Character. 

Involucrum 5-phyllum, foliaceum simplici serie. Calyculus 
1 -floras, 5-dentatus. Corollulm tubulosae hermaphrodite. 
Recept. alveolatum, villosissimum. Pappus 0. 

Specific Name and Synonyms. 

Lagasca mollis. HenckelaDonnersm.adumb. p. 30. Cavan. 

in Anales de ciencias naturales v. 6. p. 331. 
Lagascea mollis. Willd. Enwn. p. 942. 

Descr. An annual plant, covered in every part with a 
soft velvet-like pubescence. Leaves opposite, at the divi- 
sions into branches alternate, petioled, ovate-acuminate, 
subserrate ; sometimes quite entire. Flowers terminal, ca- 
pitate. Involucre, in our specimens, always five-leaved in 
a simple series, with two or three small accessory leaflets 
within them : leaflets ovate, unequal in size, sessile. Re- 
ceptacle alveolar, with a fine long down in the interstices. 
Calycle tubular at the base, five-toothed. Florets tubular, 
with five-cleft spreading border. Anthers easily separating, 
terminated with a spathula-shaped appendix. Germen without 
pappus. Stigma revolute. 

The name of Lagasca was given to this plant by M . 
Cavanilles, in honour of his pupil, and since his successor, 
Don Mariano Lagasca. 

A tender annual, propagated by seeds only, and requires 
to be kept in the stove or hot-bed. Flowers in August and 
September. Native of the Island of Cuba. Communicated 
by Mr. Anderson, curator of the Apothecaries Garden, at 
Chelsea. Mr. Lambert raised it also at Boyton last summer, 
from seeds brought from Havannah, by Mr. Cowan, 


( 1805 ) 

Clerodendrum viscosum. Clammy 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-fidus (nunc 5-dentatus). Cor. tubo cylindrico : limbo 
5-partito patenti : laciniis subaequalibus. Stamina juxta faucera 
inserta, exserta, adscendentia : antherarum loculis parallels. 
Bacca pyrcnis 4, 1-spermis. Brown. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Clerodendrum viscosum ; tomentosum, foliis cordatis den- 
tatis, corymbo terminali paniculato, carycibus viscosis 
laxis dimidio tubo corollas longioribus. Brown in Hort. 
Kew. ed. alt. 4. p. 63. 

Clerodendrum viscosum. Venten. Malm. 25. 

Peragu. Hort. Malab. 2 p. 41. t. 25. 

Desc. A shrub, tomentose in every part except the co- 
rolla. Branches square. Leaves opposite, cordate-ovate, 
acuminate, crenate-dentate, roughish on the upper and soft- 
tomentose on the under surface with elevated veins, petiolated. 
Bractes ovate-acuminate, petiolated, deciduous, one at each 
division of the panicle. Inflorescence a terminal trichotomous 
panicle. Calyx five-cleft, segments ovate, acute, overlapping 
one another. Corolla irregular, tube but little longer than 
the calyx : limb 5-cleft : lacinia nearly equal, the uppermost 
a little the largest, irregularly disposed, looking all upwards, 
leaving a wide space between two of them. Stamens 4, 
declined nearly twice the length of the flower. Anthers ver- 
satile, subsagittate, purple. Style equal to the stamens. 
Stigma bifid. The flowers are white with flesh-coloured 
centre, sweet-scented, but oppressive. 


Ventenat considers the Paragu of the Hortus Malabaricus, 
which, by the bye, is a very bad figure, to be distinct from the 
Ceylon plant, figured by Burmann, both of which are quoted 
by LinnjEUs as synonyms of his inforlimatum, and charac- 
terizes the latter by the tube of the corolla being three times 
the length of the calyx and the leaves quite entire (see Annals 
of Botany, v. 1. p. 388). Native of the East- Indies. Re- 
quires to be kept in the stove. Introduced in 1796, by 
Mr. Peter Good. Flowers most part of the summer. Com- 
municated by John Walker, Esq. of Arno's-Grove. 


( 1806 ) 

Rhus Toxicodendron (a.) vulgare. Rooting 

Class and Order. 

Pentandria Trigynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-partitus. Petala 5. Bacca 1-sperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Rhus Toxicodendron ; radicans,, foliis tematis : foliolis ven- 

tricoso-ovalibus interns aut sinuato-crenatis, racemfs 

rameis et axillaribus sessilibus dioicis. Pursh Ft. Am. 

Sept. 205. 
Rhus Toxicodendron ; radicans,, trifoliatum., leucocarpum : 

foliolis ventricoso-ovalibus, integris aut sinuato-crenatis : 

racemis rameis et axillaribus, sessilibus dioicis. Michaux 

Fl.Bor.Am. I. p. 183. 
(«.) vulgare; radicante-scandens ; foliolis amplis integris seu 

rariter dentatis. Michaux I. c. Pursh I. c. 
Rhus radicans ; foliis ternatis : foliolis petiolatis ovatis nudis 

integerrimis caule radicante. Willd. Sp. PL 1. p. 1481. 

cum synonymis. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 2. p. 163. 
Edera trifolia canadensis. Corn. Canad. 96. t. 97. 
Vitis canadensis. Munting Phyt. p. 239. / 60. 
(j3.) quercifolium ; erectum, humile : foliolis varie sinuato- 

lobatis, subfloratione tomentosis. Michaux I. c. Pursh 

Rhus Toxicodendron. Willd. Sp. PI. I. p. 1481. Hort. 

Kew. ed. alt. 2. p. 82. 
(y) microcarpon; foliolis oblongo-ovalibus Ionge acuminatis 

subrhomboideis, fructu multo minore. Michaux I. c. 

Pursh I. c. 

That Rhus radicans and Toxicodendron are really va- 
rieties of the same species, can hardly be doubted by any one 

who will take the pains to consult the authors quoted, as 
synonyms to each. It varies with smooth and pubescent, 
with entire or sinuated leaves ; with a stem, that now grows- 
erect and supports itself without aid, now trails along- the 
ground or ascends a wall or tree, attaching itself by means 
of fibres, called roots, but which, as in ivy, serve the purpose 
of support, not of drawing nourishment. 

The male and female flowers are borne on distinct shrubs ; 
our figure represents a branch of the male plant. Cornutis 
and Munting's figures evidently belong to our plant, though 
quoted as synonyms of Rhus Toxicodendron. 

This is a very common plant in North-America, from 
Canada to Georgia, growing in woods and hedges ; and, 
with some other species of this genus, is possessed of a 
poisonous quality ; even its effluvia being peculiarly injurious 
to certain constitutions, while others are little affected by it. 

When wounded or bruised, an almost colourless fluid 
exudes, which turns black when exposed to the air, and will 
make an indelible stain upon linen or other substances. This 
has been successfully used to change the hair to a dark brown. 

Quite hardy. Flowers in June and July. Communicated 
by John Walker, Esq. of Arno's -Grove. 


( 1807 ) 

Sedum oppositifolium. Opposite-leaved 


Oass flwrf Order. 
Decandria Pentagynja. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-fidus. Cor. 5-petala. Squamce nectariferae 5, ad 
basin germinis. Caps. 5. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Sedum oppositifolium; (planifolium) foliis oppositis spathu- 

latis dentatis. 
Sedum denticulatum. Donn Cat. ed. 8. Pursh p. 149. ? 

Desc. Stem herbaceous, prostrate ; flowering branches 
erect. Leaves opposite, fleshy, wedge-shaped, very obtuse, 
toothed towards the end, when viewed through a lens finely 
ciliated with glandular hairs. Flowers white, in a terminal 
dichotomous cyme, sessile on the upper side of the branches, 
which are somewhat recurved ; the solitary flowers in the 
axils larger than the rest and peduncled. Calyx of five 
erect leaflets, one of which is often smaller than the rest. 
Corolla five - petaled : petals lanceolate, acute. Stamens 
ten, filaments white, shorter than the petals, five of them 
inserted into the claw of the petal, and the other five into 
the receptacle opposite the segments of the calyx. Anthers 
yellow, ovate, erect, affixed by the base. Germens five, 
white : styles erect : stigmas simple. 

Among the alpine plants in the collection of the Gomtesse 
de Vandes, at Bay es- Water, we met with this, without being 
able to learn from whence it came. Our friend, Mr. Robert 
Brown, soon after met with the same in the little garden of 
a weaver at Manchester, who had the specific name of den- 

latum to it. He had picked it up, as he thought, from some 
garden near London, but knew nothing of its native country. 
It may be the denticulatum of the last edition of the Hortus 
Cantabrigiensis ; and if so, it seems that it is a native of 
Mount Caucasus. 

It has the characters of Sedum, but is the only instance 
we recollect of distinct opposite leaves in this genus ; for in 
the species with imbricated leaves it is not easy to determine 
whether they are opposite or not. In this circumstance it 
approaches to a CnAssutA or a Septas, with the latter of 
which it has a very near affinity. Flowers the latter part of 
the summer, and continues long in blossom. 




( 1808 ) 
Acanthus spinosus (3). Prickly Acanthus. 


Class and Order. 


Generic Character, 

Cal. bifolius, bifidus. Cor. unilabiata, deflexa, tritida. 
Caps. 2-locularis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Acanthus spinosus ; foliis pinnatifidis spinosis. Hort Cliff. 

326. Sp. PL 891. Reich. 3. p. 202. Willd. 3. p. 398. 

Hort. Kew. cd. alt. 3. p. 69. Sabbat. Hort. Rom 3 

t 14. 
Acanthus sylvestris. Park. Par ad. t. 331. f. 2. Ger.Emac 

1147. f. 2. Dod. Pempt. 719./ 2. 
Acanthus aculeatus. Bauh. Pin. 383. Raj. Hist. 1326. 
Acanthus spinosus. Hort. Eyst. JZstiv Ord. 11. t. 1. 
Cham;eleonta Monspelliensium. Lob. Ic. 2. t. 2. f. 2. 
Carduus Acanthus sive Branca ursina aculeata. Bauh. Hist 

3. p. 75. 
(0) Acanthus rarioribus et brevioribus aculeis munitus. 

Tourn. Inst. 176. Mill. Icon. 7. 
Acanthus medius rarioribus et brevioribus aculeis donatus. 

Fagon Sch. Bot. 219. ex Millero. Morris. Hist. s. 15 

t. 2. / 2. 
Acanthus sylvestris mitioribus spinis. Plu/c. Almag. 6. 
Acanthus mollis (y.) Martyn Mill. Diet. n. 1. 

When LinnjEus first characterized this plant in the Hortus 
^hffortianus, he used the term foliis pinnatifidis, and this 
was continued to the third edition of the Species Plantarum. 
Alter this, by some means, the term got changed to pinnalis, 
which has been continued ever since ; though it probably 
originated in an error of the press ; for the leaves are really 


pinnatifid, never pinnate. We have therefore restored the 
original character. 

LiNNiEus, in his Hortus ClifFortianus, says he could hardly 
persuade himself that mollis and spinosus were distinct 
species ; Miller, on the other hand, maintains that not 
only they, but likewise this and the shining variety of mollis, 
always retain their characters when reproduced from seed. 
How Martyn came to consider our plant as a variety of 
mollis, the leaves of which are sinuate not pinnatifid, rather 
than spinosus, we are at a loss to guess, 

It should be remarked that the spines, though short and 
not very close together, are by no means innocuous, but 
sharp and rigid enough to render handling extremely un- 

Its spikes frequently rise, from the middle of the leaves, 
three feet in height, and are covered with flowers from 
the base to the summit, and continue long in bloom ; so 
that, where it is allowed sufficient room, this plant makes a 
very ornamental appearance. 

Native of Italy, of Greece, and the islands of the Archipelago, 
and is supposed by Miller to haye been the prototype of the 
Corinthian capital rather than mollis, which Dr. Sibthorpe 
did not find in Greece. 

Is a hardy perennial, propagated by seeds or by parting its 
roots. Flowers from July to September. Communicated by 
Mr. Knight, of the Exotic Nursery, in the King's-Road. 

2>.i 8o<j, 

( 1809 ) 
Sempervivum villosum. Hairy Houseleek. 

-& fr % $-$-$ % MhMf jHHttJt 

C/#ss and Order. 


Generic Character, 

Cal. 8— 12-partitus. Petala 8—12. Caps. 8—12, poly- 

Specific Character and Synonyin. 

Sempervivum villosum; foliis spathulato-cuneiformibus ob- 
tusis villosis, nectariis palmatis : lacinulis subulatis. Ait 
Hort. Kew. ed. 1. v. 2. p. 148. edit. alt. 3. p. 171. Willd. 
Sp. PL 2. p. 933. 

Sempervivum stellatum ; caule herbaceo pubescente, foliis 
spatbulatis sparsis. Trans. Linn. Soc. l.p.2ol. excluso 
synonimo Seguieri ? 

We have no doubt but that the plant here figured is the 
Sempervivum villosum of the first edition of Aiton's Hortus 
Kewensis ; having' compared it both with specimens from the 
Kew Garden and a native one from Madeira. At the same 
time we suspect that it is also the same plant which Sir 
James E. Smith described in the first volume of the Trans- 
actions of the Linnean Society , under the name of stellatum. 
Our plant was some years since very common in the Chelsea 
Garden, and in that of the late Dr. Pitcairn, at Islington ; 
and, being an annual producing seeds readily, might be 
cultivated as hardy. Certainly the plant figured by Seguier 
as a native of Monte Baldo, appears to be very different, 
both from our plant and from Sir James Smith's description. 

An annual plant. Native of the Island of Madeira. Flowers 
in the middle of summer, and ripens its seeds in August. 
Communicated by Mr, Pringle, of the Sydenham Nursery. 




( 1810 ) 

Leptospermum grandifolium. Large- 
leaved South-Sea Myrtle. 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cat. 5-fidus, semi-superus. Petala 5 unguiculata, stami- 
nibus longiora. Stigma capitatum. Caps. 4- vel 5-locuIaris. 
Semina anaulosa. 


Specific Character and Synonym. 

Leptospermum grandifolium ; foliis Ianceolatis utrinque an- 
gustatis mucronatis, calycibus villosis : dentibus coloratis, 
bracteis gemmaceis persistentibus. 

Leptospermum grandifolium; foliis Ianceolatis mucronatis 
subquinquenervibus subtus pubescentibus, calycibus vil- 
losis : dentibus membranaceis coloratis. Smith in Trans. 
Linn. Soc. v. 6. p. 299. 

Many of the leaves on the lower parts of the shrub and on 
the sterile branches exceed an inch and a half in length and a 
third of an inch in breadth. The size of the flowers too 
exceeds that of any other species of Leptospermum. Our 
friend Sir James E. Smith has remarked the great similarity 
that exists between this plant and Fabricia laevigata; a 
resemblance which struck us so forcibly, that, before we 
discovered that it had been already described, we intended 
giving- it the name of fabricioides. The leaves differ so much 
with respect to pubescence, that little use can be made of this 
character, the older ones being quite naked, whilst the young 
ones are villous on both sides, as are the branches that bear 
them ; nor are the number of nerves more to be depended 


upon, as these vary from three to seven, according to the 
breadth of the leaf. 

-The flowers grow singly at the extremities of very short 
leafy branches ; and, before they expand, are enclosed within 
the same scales, as the bud intended for the future elonga- 
tion of the branch. These scales are permanent, and may 
be considered as bractes, forming an involucre at the base of 
the flower. In consequence of this arrangement, although 
the flower is really terminal, the fruit, by the elongation of 
the branch, must afterwards necessarily become lateral. 

A hardy greenhouse shrub. Native of New -Holland. 
Flowers in June and July. Propagated readily by cuttings. 
Communicated by Mr. Sweet, late of the Stockwell Nursery. 


• ( 1811 ;) - 

Callicoma serratifolia. Saw-leaved 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Flores aggregati. Receptaculum globosum, villosum. 
Invol. 4-phyllum. Cat. 4-phyllus. Starn. 8 — 12. Cor. 0. 
Germ, superum, villosum, 4-spermum. Styli 2, divaricati. 
Stigmata acuta. 

Specific Name and Synonyms. 

Callicoma serratifolia. Bot. Repos. 566. Epit. Hort. Kew, 

add. Donn. Cant, a Pursh,p. 154. 
Codia. Forst. Gen. n. SO. 
Calycomes. Brown in Flinders's Voyage, app. p. 540. 

Descr. Stem shrubby, four feet high, with opposite 
branches, which, when young, are covered with a rusty- 
coloured pubescence. Leaves opposite, ovate -lanceolate, 
narrowed towards both extremities, equally serrate, ribbed 
with simple parallel veins, with a fine net-work in the inter- 
stices, smooth and shining on the upper, white tomentose on 
the under surface. Petioles pubescent, brown. Stipules two, 
opposite, elliptical, situate between the petioles. Flowers axil- 
lary, on peduncles longer than the petioles, collected into 
globular heads, having an involucre of four elliptical, unequal 
leaves. Common receptacle globular, hairy. Proper calyx 
of four or six leaflets, oval, erect, three-nerved, petal-like, 
white, pubescent on the outside. Corolla none. Bractes 
between the flowers lanceolate, pubescent, nearly the size of 
the leaflets of the calyx. Stamens in the flowers we examined 
8—12, corresponding with the segments of the calyx : fila- 

ments thrice the length of the calyx : milkers yellow, round. 
Germen small, superior, villous, with four ovula. Styles two, 
divaricate : stigmas acute. 

Upon comparing- the above description with Forster's 
Codia, not only a striking resemblance will appear, but 
strong reasons for suspecting that both plants belong to the 
same genus. Forster indeed describes his Codia as having 
a corolla, of which our plant is destitute, unless what we 
have called bractes may have been taken for a calyx, and 
our calyx for a corolla. . Codia is described as octandrous, 
and many of the flowers which we examined had only eight, 
some twelve, and more have been observed by others. The 
germen appeared to us to have only four ovula, which agrees 
with Codia. The involucre or common calyx and the re- 
ceptacle are the same in both. 

As the above observations lead only to probability, not 
certainty, we have thought right to retain the name of Cal- 
LicoMA, by which our plant is now pretfy general! v known. 

^ Mr. Brown, in the Appendix to Flinders's Vovage to 
Terra Australis, refers this genus, together with Codia, 
u cinmannia, Cunonia, and Ceratopetalum, to a new natural 
order, which he calls Cuxomace.e. As one character of this 
order is a bilocular germen or ovarium, we have no doubt 
but this is the case with our plant, though in so small an 
organ we missed observing the septum. Indeed it is not 
very likely to be otherwise in a ilower with two distinct 

Our drawing was made at Mr. Ksight's Exotic Nursery, 
KingVKoad, in the month of March. The description 
Uiken from a plant communicated in June 1809, by Mr. 
JUrr, of the Northampton-Nursery, Balls-Pond. Native 
J>t iNew South-Wales. Requires the protection of a green. 
house. Propagated by. cuttings. 


( 1812 ) 
Lythrum alatum. Hexandrous Lythrum. 

C/tfss cw^ Order. 


Generic Character- 

Cat 12-dentatus : basi aequali. Petala G. calyci inserta. 
Caps. 2-locularis, polysperma. 

Specific Character and Sj/no?ij/?ns. 

Lythrum alatum ; caule erecto tetragono, foliis oppositis 
glabris sessilibus, iloribus solitariis axillaribus hexandris. 

Lythrum alatum; foliis oppositis ovato-oblongis acutis basi 
subcordatis arete sessilibus, ramis virgatis tetragono- 
alatis, floribus axillaribus solitariis sessilibus hexandris. 
Pursh Fl. Amer. Sept. p. 334. 

Lythrum alatum. Epit. Hort. Kew. addend. 

Lythrum Vulneraria. Hortulanis. 

Descr. Stems erect, four-angled: the angles are acute 
from two opposite sides of the stem being deeply grooved, 
but are hardly to be called winged, red, smooth, branched 
from about the middle. Leaves generally opposite, some- 
times alternate, quite entire, elliptical, smooth, sessile. 
Flowers large, shewy, solitary, axillary, on very short 
peduncles. Calyx nearly cylindrical, a little dilated upwards, 
twelve-toothed ; six of the teeth subulate and longer, alter- 
nating with other six minute and inllccted. Petals six, equal, 
inserted into the margin of the calyx. Stamens six only, 
inserted into the tube of the calyx near the bottom ; but 
the smaller teeth of the calyx are powder) 1 , as if nature 
attempted to convert them into other six anthers. Germen 
superior oblong : style shorter than the tube of the calyx : 
stigma globular, green. 


We have no doubt but that this is the Lythrum datum 
of Pursh, though he describes the flowers as being very 
small and the leaves acute ; the first circumstance may be 
accounted for from the author's having seen the dried plant 
only, in which state the flowers shrink almost to nothing, 
and as to the second, although we have generally found the 
leaves obtuse, sometimes even a round-oval, yet we have 
seen one specimen in which they were narrow and acute. 

Native of Georgia and South-Carolina. Flowers in June, 
July, and August. A herbaceous perennial, requiring pro- 
tection from severe frost. Propagated by parting its roots, 
or by seeds. Introduced by Mr. Lyons, in 1812. Com- 
municated by Mr. Knight, of the Exotic Nursery. 


( 1813 ) 


Class and Order. 
Pentandria Pentagynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 1-phyllus, corollifer. Pctala 5. Nect* 5-partitum. 
Caps. 5-locuIaris, echinata. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Commersonia platyphylla ; foliis cordato-ovatis acuminatis 

inaequaliter dentato-terratis, supra scabriusculis infra 

Commersonia platyphylla. Bot. Repos. 603. Icon. 519. Donn 

Cant, a Pursh 92. 
Commersonia echinata. Bot. Repos. 519. quoad iconem, 

nomine postea in platyphylla rautato : a planta Forsteri 


Descr. A low shrub, with tomentose, irregularly-twisted 
branches. Leaves cordate, ovate, acuminate, unequally 
dentate-serrate, veined, rough on the upper surface, tomen- 
tose underneath. Flowers small, white, in lateral panicles, 
coming out opposite the leaves. Bractes subulate, one at 
each division of the panicle. Calyx five-cleft : segments 
ovate, tomentose on the outside. Corolla five-petaled : petals 
linear, dilated at the base into two lobes, which conniving 
enclose the stamen. Filaments short, attached to the base of 
the petals : anthers round, two-lobed. Nectary five-cleft : 
lacinioz erect, connivent at the margins, patent at their points, 
forming a cylindrical cup with a spreading lip. Germen five- 
knobbed : styles erect, approximate : stigmas capitate. 

The specimen from which our drawing was taken, was 
communicated from his garden at Boyton, by A. B. Lambert, 
Esq. by whom we are informed, that the flowers are very 
fragrant, perfuming the whole stove in warm weather. 

Native of the Molucca Islands. Cultivated in the stove at 
Boyton. Flowers in June and July. Propagated by 


( 1&14 ) 

cvrtopodiual woodfordii. woodford^ 

4MH M ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ fr ft ft ft frftft ft ftft ' ft 

C/ass awrf Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

Generic Character. 

Petala 5, distincta, secunda. Labellum trilobum, cum 
processu unguiformi baseos column ae apterae subarticulatim 
connexum. Massce Pollinis 2, postice bilobee. Brown Mss. 

Specific Character. 

Cyrtopodium Woodfordii; Iabello ventricoso : lobis laminae 
lateralibus intermedio verrucoso callis cristato breviori- 

It is not without hesitation that we refer this plant to 
Cyrtopodium, more especially on account of the striking 
difference in the form of the labellum ; yet, when more 
particularly examined, there are some points of resemblance 
in this organ, the lateral lobes of the lamina being in both erect 
and ear-like : in Andersonii long and spreading, in Wood- 
fordii shorter and rounder. The connexion with a claw-like 
process of the column, though not exactly the same, is not 
altogether dissimilar. In Andersonii the union is by means of 
an articulation, which in this is less evident. The con- 
nexion allows, however, of some motion, and the parts separate 
easily, always at the same point. 

Cyrtopodium Woodfordii is a native of St. Paul, in the 
Brazils, and was sent by E. J. A. Woodford, Esq. to 

Cyrtopodium Andersonii ; Iabello angustius unguiculato, lobis Iaminte 
lateralibus divaricalis intermedio excavato longioribus. 


Mr. Anderson, the curator of the Apothecaries Garden at 
Chelsea, by whom it was kindly communicated to us. 

Requires to be kept in the bark stove, where it produces its 
fine spike of flowers in October, being- some time preceded 
by the leaves. In Cyrtopodium Andersoniij the leaves do 
not appear till after the flowering is over. 



( 1815 ) 

Erica flava (3) imbricata. Imbricated 
Yellow Heath. 

C/ass ««d Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. 4-phyllus. Cor. persistens : limbo 4-fido. Antherce 
ante anthesin per foramina duo lateralia connexae. Ctf^. 
4 — 8-locularis, 4 — 8-valvis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Sect. 5. Breviflorag. Div. B. Corollce tubus urceolaris. 
Flores axillares. Bractece calyci proximae. 

Erica flava ; pedunculis prope apicem aggregatis flore 
longioribus, corollis subtetragonis. 

(«) ternata ; foliis tcrnis patentibus distinctis. 

Erica flava ; foliis senis. liort. Kew. ed. alt. 2. p. 392. 

Erica flava ; antheris muticis subinclusis, marginibus fo- 
liorum ternatoruin asperiusculis, corolla ovata costata 
subquadrilineari. Andrews's Heaths, v. 2. 

(P) imbricata ; foliis senis imbricatis ramo adpressis. 

Descr. A shrub two feet high, with long, simple, some 
what crooked branches. Leaves subulate, six in a whorl, 
imbricate, more crowded together upwards, and closely ad- 
pressed to the stem, giving a truncated appearance to the 
tips of the branches. Flowers axillary, aggregated towards 
the extremities of the branches. Peduncles longer than the 
flower, nodding. Bractes subulate : two near to the calyx 
and one remote. Calycine leaflets subulate, nearly the 
length of the corolla, a little spreading. Tube of the Corolla 
oblong-ovate, but slightly bellied, four lines long, four-ribbed, 


spreading- towards the mouth, laclnite obtuse, rather erect. 
Anthers naked, dirty-purple, nearly enclosed. Germen top- 
shaped, smooth : style longer than stamens : stigma exserted, 
capitate, green. 

This plant, which was raised from Cape seeds, by Messrs. 
Loddiges and Sous, and communicated by them in September 
1815, differs so little from the Jiava of Andrews, except in 
the leaves being much more crowded together, and growing 
six instead of three in a whorl, that we can only consider it 
as a variety of that species. The tube of the corolla is so 
little contracted upwards, that we hesitated whether to seek 
for our plant in division B. or D. of the fifth section in the late 
Mr. Dryander's excellent arrangement of the species. In the 
latter division, it would stand next to jilamentosa, a change 
in the character of which would be necessary, to distinguish 
it from Jiava. 

Propagated by cuttings. Flowers in September. Re- 
quires the protection of a greenhouse. 


( 1816 ) 

Clematis cordata. Heart-leaved 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 
Cal. 0. Petala 4, rarius 5. Sem. caudata. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Clematis cordata ; foliolis cordatis integerrimis, petalis co- 
riaceis conniventibus apice revolutis crispatis, aristis 
seminum plumosis. 

Clematis cordata ; scandens ; foliis pinnatis quadrijugis, 
foliolis ovatis utrinque obtusis omnibus integris petiolatis- 
que membranaceis utrinque reticulato-venosis, floribus 
solitariis, petalis subcoriaceis, aristis seminum plumosis. 
Pursh Fl. Amer. Sept. p. 385 ? excluso synonymo Abbot. 

Clematis cordata. Walt. Fl. Carol. 156 ? Michaux Fl. 
Bor. Am. 1. p. SIS? 

The Clematis cordata has often been mistaken for 
crispa, which,, as represented by Dillenius's figure, is a 
very different plant, with lanceolate and three-lobed leaflets ; 
and, which is a character of more consequence, having the 
beard of the seed naked. Whether our plant may not be the 
same with the reticulata of Pursh, we are uncertain ; but 
it cannot be the rosea of Sir James E. Smith in Abbot's 
Insects, quoted as a synonym of reticulata ; because that 
has naked aristas. The leaflets of our plant are always quite 
entire, cordate, and acute. The flowers are not nearly so 
thick as those of Clematis Viorna. Prom the reticulata of 
Walter, it seems to differ in having no tendril at the ter- 
mination of the leaf. 


We received the same species mare than seven years ago 
from Mr. Whitley, then of Old-Brompton, now of the Fulham 
Nursery. Our drawing was taken from a plant communicated 
by Mr. Knight, of the Exotic Nursery, King's-Road. 

Native of South-Carolina and Georgia. Requires to be 
protected from severe frosts. Is with difficulty propagated in 
any other way than by seeds. Flowers in June and Jul v. 


( 1817 ) 


Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. infundibuliformi.s incurva., aequalis. Filamenta co- 
rollas fauci insert*. Germ, in fundo corolla?. 

Specific Name and Synonyms. 

Polianthes* tuberosa. Sp. PL 453. Reich. 2. p. 76. Willd. 

2. p. 164. llort. Cliff. 121. Kniph. Cent. 11. ft. 76. 

Knorr Belie. 1. t. T. 12. Lour. Cochinch. 1. p. 204. 

Flora Peruv. 3. 66. Salisbury in Trans, llort. Soc. 1. 

p. 41. t. 2. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 2. p. 281. Mart. Mill. 

Diet. Redoute Liliac. 147. Bot. Re gist. 63. 
Hyacinthus indicus tuberosus, llore Narcissi. Bauh. Pin. 

47. Rudb.Elys.2.39.f.4. 
Hyacinthus major indicus tuberosa radice. Stcert. Florilcg. 

t. 14. f. 1. optima. Vallet Jard. d'llcnr. IV. Park. 

Parad.Ul. Raj. Hist. 1164. Theatr. Flora t. 23. 
Hyacinthus indicus serotinus flore ainplo odoratissiino. Moris 

Hist. 2. p. 376. § 4. t. 12. fig. ult.^ 
Amica nocturna. Rumph. Amboyri. 5. p. 285. t. 98. 
Ozimochitl seu flore osseo. Hernandez Mexic. 277. 
(0.) Hyacinthus indicus tuberosa radice. Clus. Hist I, 

p. 176. minor. Park. Farad. 111. Raj. Hist. 1164. 

Ger. Emac. 115./ 16. 

JltXn; a city, and ai£o? a flower. Flos urbanus. As this etymology is 
generally allowed, spelling the word with a Y, Poi.yanthes, as Ens been 
sometimes done, is evidently erroneous. This spelling occurs in the llortus 
* liffortiamis, but through inadvertence, as it was corrected by LiNN-i't s 
himself in the Species Plantarum ; where, as in all his other works, it is spelt 
Polianthes. Through similar inadvertence, the wrong spelling occurs in 
the last edition of Aiton's Hortus Kewemis, though it was right in the first. 


Hyacinthus indicus tuberosus flore Hyacinthi orientals. 

Bauh. Pin. 47. 
Hyacinthus minor indicus tuberosa radice albus. Swert. 

Florileg. t. 14. / 2. Moris. Hist. 2. § 4. t 12./ 22. 

The first account we have of the Tuberose is from 
Clusius, who received a miserable specimen of Decem- 
ber 1594; of which he has given a figure. All the syno- 
nyms we have quoted after that of Clusius, are derived 
from this source, and the figures quoted are mere copies of 
that. There is no other authority for variety (3 ; it is pro- 
bable, therefore, that the only real varieties are the tuberose 
with a double flower, and the one with variegated leaves. 

It seems evidently to have been first brought into Europe 
from the East-Indies, and hence it has commonly been said 
to be a native of that country ; yet Mr. Salisbury, in his 
elaborate account of this plant, in the first volume of the 
Transactions of the Horticultural Society, has shewn that 
there is no proof whatever of its ever having been found 
wild in any part of the East ; but that it is a native of Mexico, 
as appears from Hernandez, in his History of the Plants and 
Animals of that Country. From thence it was probably 
conveyed to the East-Indies, where the cultivation of it was 
speedily and widely spread, for the sake of the fragrance of 
its flowers, a quality held there in such high esteem. 

The English name, which seems absurd enough, is evi- 
dently a corruption of the French Tubereuse ; the name by 
which it was most probably imported into this country, as it 
is said to have been first cultivated in the neighbourhood of 

The root of this plant is a solid tuber of an irregular shape, 
sending forth lateral processes, upon which the buds of the 
future plant are formed : these are real bulbs consisting of 
concentric layers, as was long ago observed by Morison. 
The flowers grow almost constantly by pairs, having a common 
bracte to both, and a proper one to each. 

The roots are annually imported from Italy, and sold so 
reasonably, that few persons are at the trouble of propagating 
them here. Though Mr. Salisbury, from his own experience, 
says that they might be propagated, especially in the warmer 
parts of the island, with great advantage. The soil he recom- 
mends as best suited to them, consists of light sandy earth, 
mixed with one-third part of rotten cow-dung. 

Flowers the latter part of the summer. Communicated by 
Messrs. Colville and Son, of the King's-Road. 



4 k in/// 

( 1818 ) 

Thalictrum aquilegifolium. Columbine- 
leaved Meadow-Rue. 

* frft » y $ % y » ♦ Hi iii 1 1 $ $ i - 

C/<m tfwrf Order, 


Generic Character. 
Cal. 0. Petala 4,, seu 5. Stem, ecaudata. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Thalictrum aquilegifolium ; fructibus triangularibus pendu- 

lis, stipulis amplexicaulibuSj staminibus petalis reflexis 

caducis lougioribus. 
Thalictrum aquilegifolium ; fructibus pendulis triangulari- 

bus rectis, caule tereti. Sp. PL 770. Reich. 2. p. 649. 

Willd. 2. p. 1301. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 3. p. 349. 

Jacq. Austr. 4. p. 10. t. 318. Mart. Mill. Diet. n. 18. 

Scop. Carniol. n. 672. Krock. Siles. v. 2. p. 244. 
Thalictrum foliis triplicate -pinnatis, patulis, obtuse trilobis, 

stipulis ovatis, paniculis umbellatis. Hall. Hist. n. 1141. 

Allioni Pedem. n. 1077. Villars Dauph. 2. p. 713. 
Thalictrum majus florum staminibus purpurascentibus. 

Bauh. Pin. 337. Morris Hist. 2. p. 325. § 9. t. 20. 
/ 16. Tourn. Inst. 270. 
Thalictrum 4, vel. montanum 3. Clus. Pan. 3S0. 
Thalictrum majus folliculis angulosis caule laevi. Bauh. 

Hist. 3. p. 487. Raj. Hist. 403. 
Ruta pratensis. Gesn. Ic. Mn. tab. 9. / 79.. optima. 

Thalictrum aquilegifolium is a hardy perennial. Varies 
with purple and with white stamens; the former variety is 
much the handsomest. The number of stamens, pistils, and 
petals, is likewise subject to vary. Our plant had for the 


most part five, sometimes only four petals. By the character of 
straight fruit, Linnaeus did not mean that it was not somewhat 
curved, but that it was not twisted ; (a character intended to 
distinguish it from contortum) : but, as Willdenow has ob- 
served, that the fruit in the latter species, when perfect, is 
exactly similar to that of aquilegifolium, and that it is only 
twisted when imperfect : of course this character is of no 

The Columbine-leaved Meadow-Rue, or, as it is some- 
times called, the Feathery Columbine, is a native of moun- 
tainous pastures and woods in Switzerland, Austria, Carniola, 
Piemont, Dauphiny, Ingria, and Silesia. 

Cultivated by Miller in 1731. Flowers from May to 
July. Communicated by John Walker, Esq. Arno's Grove. 


( 1819 ) 

Podophyllum peltatum. DuckVFoot, or 

C7ass awrf Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cor. 9-petala. Cal. 3-phyllus. Bacca 1-locularis, coro- 
nata stigmate. 

Specific Name and Synonyms. 

Podophyllum peltatum. Trew Ehret. t. 29. Herbier Arlific. 

Cent. 5. Dec. 5. tab. 2. 
Podophyllum peltatum ; foliis peltatis lobatis. Sp. PL 723. 

Reich. 2. p. 568. Willd. 2. p. 1141. Hort. Kew. ed. 

alt. 3. p. 287. 
Podophyllum peltatum ; caule unifolio unifloro, folio peltato- 

palmato lobis cuneatis incisis. Pursh Fl. Am. Sept. p. 

366. Michaux FL Boreal. Am. 1. p. 309. 
Anapodophyllum. Tournef. Inst. t. 122. 
Anapodophyllum canadense. Catesb. Car. I. p. 24. t. 24. 
Aconitifolia humilis, flore albo unico campanulato, fructu 

cynosbati. Mentz.pug. t. 14. 

As we have referred Podophyllum diphyllum to another 
genus, the peltatum is the only known species of this genus. 

A native of North-America, growing in large patches, ge- 
nerally in moist shady places, from New England to Carolina. 

The fruit, which we have never seen perfected in this 
country, is said by Mr. Pursh, to be of the size of a common 
plum, green, eatable, and known by the name of May -Apple. 

Jussieu has placed Podophyllum at the end of his order 
of Ranunculace*, and derives from it a connecting link 


between this order and his Papaveraceje, the Rhceahe^ of 
Linnjeus, in which order the last named botanist places it. 

A hardy perennial, propagated by dividing its creeping- 
roots. Flowers in May. Cultivated according to Hortus 
Kewensis in 1661. Communicated by Mr, Kent, of Clapton. 


( 1820 ) 

Bryonia quinqueloba. Five-fingered 
Cape Bryony. 

$~3JH|H|HHHf» -fc^-^-jM^*- 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Masc. Cal. 5-dentatus. Cor. 5-partita. Filamenta 3. 

Pem. Cal. 5-dentatus. Cor. 5-partita. Stylus 3-fidus. 
Bacca subglobosa, polysperma. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Bryonia quinqueloba ; (dioica ?) foliis qumquelobatis : lobis 
obtusissimis dentato - mucronulatis posticis auriculatis, 
pedunculis unifloris geminatis, corollis campanulatis semi- 

Bryonia quinqueloba; foliis quinquelobis denticulatis supra 
scabris, pedunculis unifloris. Thunb. Prodr. IS. 

Bryonia quinqueloba, dioica ; foliis cordatis sinu baseos pro- 
fundo, superioribus palmato-quinquelobatis, lobis oblon- 
g-is obtusissimis distantibus superne repando-dentatis, 
dentibus mucronatis. Bot. Reg. 89. 

This very rare plant has been supposed to be the Bryonia 
grandis of Linnaeus, a native of the East- Indies, and, under 
this notion, has been treated as a stove plant, in which situa- 
tion we have observed it for some years at Bayswater, in the 
collection of the Comtesse de Vandes. From this plant our 
drawing- was made in September 1815. 

It is however a native of the Cape of Good Hope, and 
would probably do better if treated as a greenhouse plant. We 
are indeed informed by the author of the Botanical Register, 


that it will grow more luxuriantly, extending its branches 
from thirty to forty feet, and producing larger and higher 
coloured bloom, if planted at the foot of a wall with a southern 
aspect. The stems are herbaceous and perish every year. 
The large, fleshy root only requires to be protected from frost, 
and might perhaps be safely taken up after the stems are 
decayed, and preserved in dry mould or sand until the spring, 
when they might be again planted out. 

As no female flowers have been observed, this species is 
supposed to be dicecious. 


( 1821 ) 

Metrosideros saligna. Willow-leaved 

♦ ♦♦♦♦$♦♦ ' ♦♦♦♦ ♦ ♦♦♦ # 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cat. trifidus semisuperus. Petala 5. Stamina longissima, 
exeerta. Stigma simplex. Caps. 3- vel 4-locularis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Metrosideros saligna; foliis alternis lanceolatis utrinque 
attenuates mucronatis, floribus lateralibus confertis sessi- 
libus glabris. Smith in Trans. Lin. Soc. 3. p. 272. 
mild. Sp. PI. 2. p. 956. Hort. Kew. cd. alt. 3. p. 185. 
Persoon Syn. 2. p. 26. 

Descr. A tall shrub with flexile branches. Leaves alternate 
or scattered, lanceolate,, narrowed towards the base, quite entire, 
smooth, when viewed towards the light with a lens seen to be 
dotted with pellucid glands, apex terminated with a glandular 
mucro. The younger leaves are clothed with a silky pu- 
bescence, adult ones quite naked. Floicers greenish white, 
in oblong spikes, surrounding the branches near their ex- 
tremity. Calyx superior, smooth, cupshaped with a five-cleft 
border : segments roundish -oval, marcescent, while the entire 
part of the calyx forming a rim above the germen is persistent. 
Petals 5, larger than the segments of the calyx, pale green. 
Stamens very many : Jilaments distinct, twice longer than 
Petals: Anthers versatile. Germen 3-celled: Style longer 
than stamens. Stigma simple. 

Large specimens of this fine shrub were communicated last 
June by John Walker, Esq. from his extensive and curious 


collection at Arno's Grove; Southgate, where the shrub has 
flourished for some years nailed to a wall with a southern 
aspect, without being injured by the severity of the climate. 

Native of New South-Wales. Introduced about the year 
1788, by the Right Hon. Sir Joseph Banks, K. B. Flowers 
in May and June. Propagated by cuttings. 


( 1822 ) 
Anchusa capensis. Cape Bugloss. 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. infundibuliformis fause clausa fornicibus. Sem. basi 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Anchusa capensis ; foliis lanceolatis acutis hispidis, floribus 

racemoso-paniculatis, calycibus obtusis demum inflatis. 
Anchusa capensis ; foliis lanceolatis, villosis callosis ; floribus 

racemoso-paniculatis, cceruleis. Bot. Rep. 336. 
Anchusa capensis ; foliis lanceolatis callosis villosis, racemis 

trichotomis. Thunb. Prodr. 34. Hart. Kew. ed. alt. 1. 

p. 289. Willd. Sp. PL 1. p. 756? 

Our drawing of this rare plant was made at George 
Hibbert's, Esq. Clapham -Common, several years ago ; into 
whose collection it was brought from the Cape of Good-Hope 
by Mr. Niven, his collector, about the year 1800. Being 
biennial, and propagated by seeds only, it is very doubtful if 
it still exist in the country. 

As we have no other knowledge of Thunberg's Plant, than 
the very short specific character in his Prodromus, and our 
specimens did not correspond altogether with that, inasmuch 
as the racemes were not trichotomous, it is very uncertain 
whether our plant be the same species as his ; it is certainly 
however the same as the one meant by Mr. Aiton in the 
Hortus Kewensis, and as that figured by Mr. Andrews in tin- 
Botanist's Repository. 

As in Anchusa angustifolia the calyx is divided only half 
way down, but the lacinia? are more obtuse and shorter than 
in that ; and the whole plant is much less spreading. 

Flowers in June and July. Propagated by seeds. 


( 1823 ) 


Class and Order. 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cat turbinates, quinquefidus. Petala 5, fornicata, stamini- 
bus opposita. Caps, cocculis tribus, membrana operculatis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Pomaderris lanigera ; cymis paniculatis terminalibus, foliis 

ovato-lanceolatis integerrimis coriaceis subtus ferrugineo- 

Ceanothus laniger ; foliis oblongo-lanceolatis, integerrimis, 

subtus lanuginosis ; ramulis, pedunculis, petiolis, caly- 

cibusque hirsutis. Bot. Repos. 569. 

Descr. A shrub two or three feet high, alternate-leaved 
and branched. The young branches, petioles, peduncles, 
and calyxes, are covered with a rough woolliness, more or 
less tinged with a rust-colour. Leaves ovate-lanceolate, quite 
entire, leathery, covered with a soft pubescence on the upper- 
side, on the under with white wool more or less tinged with 
rust-colour, ribbed with parallel veins. Flowers terminal, in a 
panicled, subumbellated cyme. Bractes small oval, concave. 
Pedicles thickened towards the upper end, somewhat mealy. 
Calyx five-cleft : segments acute, revolute. Petals five, 
concave, crisped at the margin, on long claws. Filaments 
five, the length of the petals, inserted into the receptacle at 
the base of the claw of the petal. Anthers yellow, oval, be- 
coming sagittate. Germen, from the union of the lower 
part of the calyx, half inferior : style erect, divided upwards 


into three branches, and divisible nearly or quite to the base, 
Stigmas capitate. 

Not having seen the fruit, we cannot assert that it accords 
with Labillardiere's character of Pomaderris ; but from 
its very near affinity to Pomaberris emptied (No. 1510) we 
cannot doubt but that it should be arranged under the same 

Our drawing was made several years ago, from a plant 
received from Messrs. Loddiges and Sons, by Mr. Ed- 
wards, who observed that the stamens removed, one at 
a time, from the petals to which they had previously been 
closely applied, towards the pistil, so as to bring the anther 
to one of the stigmas, and receded again after shedding the 

Flowers in May. Native of New- Holland. Requires the 
shelter of the greenhouse. Propagated by cuttings. Com- 
municated by Messrs. Loddiges and Sons. 


( 1824 ) 

Mesembryanthemum albidum. White- 
leaved Fig-Marigold. 

**** *********** 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-fidus. Petala numerosa, linearia, basi cohrerentia. 
Caps, carnosa, infera, polysperma, 

, Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Mesembryanthemum albidum ; foliis subulatis triquetris 
peralbis : basi semiteretibus ; apice obtusis cum mucrone, 

HaworthMesembr.p. 156. n. 32. Misc. Nat. 27. 

PI. Succul. 218. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 3. p. 216. 

Mesembryanthemum albidum; acaule, foliis triquetris inte- 
gerrimis. Sp. PL 699. Willd. 2. p. 1029. 

Mesembryanthemum foliis robustis albicantibus. Hort. Elth. 
243. t. 189. / 232. cum fructu sed sine flore. 

Ficoipes afrieana, folio triangulari ensiformi glauco crasso, 
flore amplo aureo. Brad/. Succ. 5. p. 10. t. 43. 

Ficoides africanum triangulari robustissimo folio. Herm. 
Parad. 172. 

The white-leaved Fig-Marigold is one of those species 
which are more shy of flowering than many of the genus. 

Mr. Ha worth ranks it among the afternoon flowering ones. 
Mr. George Graves, in whose collection this species blossomed 
last summer, informs us, that; with him, the flowers opened 
regularly at eight in the morning, and continued open for 
two hours only ; at eight in the evening they again expanded, 
and closed at ten. They diffuse an agreeable scent while 
open, especially in the evening. Flowers in June, July, and 
August. Propagated by cuttings. Requires the same treat- 
went as the rest of the genus. Our drawing was taken several 
years ago at the late Mr Grimwood's nursery. 


( 1825 ) 

Valeriana Montana (/3.) rotundi folia. 
Round-leaved Mountain Valerian. 

♦ M ♦ i 4i ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ $ ♦ ♦ •>► ♦ ♦ ♦ 

C/ass «wd Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 
Cat. 0. Cor. 1-petala, basi hinc gibba, supera. Se?n. 1. 

Specific Character and Synonynis. 

Valeriana montana ; floribus triandris, foliis ovato-oblongis 

subdentatiSj caule simplici. Spec. PL 45. Willd. 1. 

p. 178. //or/. Kew. ed. alt. 1. p. 74. Jacq. Austr. v. .3. 

p. 269. Scop. Cam. n. 42. Villars Dauph. 2. p. 283. 

n. 6. Chnel. Sib. 3. p. 121. AllioniPedem. n. 7. Krock. 

Sites, n. 51. Mzr/. Mi//. Die/, w. 9. 
Valeriana montana; foliis inferioribus ovato-oblongis acutis 

subdentatis, superioribus oblongis acuminatis, caule sim- 
plici pubescente. Willd. Enum. p. 51. 
Valeriana foliis ovato-lanceolatis obiter dentatis. Hall. Hist. 

n. 212. 
Valeriana foliis omnibus integris ex ovato acuminatis, le- 

vissime dentatis. Hall. Opusc. 188. 
Valeriana alpina scrophulariae folio. Bauh.Pin. 164. Prodr. 

87. Raj. Hist. 390. Tournef. Inst. 131. 
Valeriana sylvestris alpina prima. Clus. Hist. 2. p. 55. ? 
(|3.) Valeriana rotundifolia caespitosa foliis cordatis repando- 

dentatis, caulinis sessilibus. Villars. Dauph. 2. p. 283. 

n. 7. 
Valeriana montana subrotundo folio. Bauh.Pin. lib. Bauh 

Phytop. 293. 
Valeriana montana. His/. Lwgd. 1127. erf. Gallic. 2. p. 29. 
Valeriana alpina foliis integris, radice repente inodora. Raj. 

Hist. 389. ? 


Valeriana tripteris, montana, and rotundijblia of Villars 

are very nearly allied. The cauline leaves of the first being, 
according to the just-named author, sometimes quite entire, 
it is not easily distinguished from montana, except by the 
more glaucous colour of the leaves. 

Our present plant, which Ave take to be the rotundijblia 
of Villars, is the smallest of the three, scarcely exceeding 
the height of eight or ten inches. It seems to vary with 
leaves, sometimes quite entire and sometimes slightly toothed. 

Haller, in his Opuscula, above quoted, has sought out 
the synonymy with great labour, and reduces what had been 
considered by Caspar Bauhin and the Botanists of his time, 
as several species, to one and the same ; Villars, from his 
own observations, thinks it right to separate our plant from 
the scrophularicofolia of Bauhin's Prodromus, in which he 
does not seem to have been followed by any more modern 
author. On this account we have considered the two as 
varieties only ; which Villars himself acknowledges they may 
be, though he at the same time asserts that he had frequently 
found it difficult to distinguish the varieties of tripteris and 
montana from one another^ but that he was never in danger 
of confounding the rotundijblia with any of the varieties of 
the other two. 

A hardy perennial. Native of the mountainous regions of 
the South of Europe. Flowers in May and June. Com- 
municated by Mr. Pringle, of the Sydenham Nursery. 


( 1826 ) 


•% %■%■ iMwjMjufr $ fr #--#- IN* N* *%%■ 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 
Corolla irregularis, ' fauce nuda. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Echium rubrum ; caule erecto hispido, foliis lineari-lanceo- 
latis, spica composita [vel subsimplici] terminali, corollis 
subsequalibus. Willd. Sp. PL 1. p. 787. Hort. Kew. ed. 
alt. I p. SOI. 

Echium rubrum; caule ex racemulis brevibus longe spicato, 
corollis subaequalibus, foliis hispidis. Host Syn. 9. J acq. 
Auslr. 5. p. 27. t. 3. 

Echium sylvestre hirsutum maculatum. Bauh. Pin. 354. 

Echium % rubro flore. Clus. Pan. 682. / 681. Clus. Hist. 

Descr. Stems erect, firm, from one to two feet high, 
hispid, spotted with purple. Leaves scattered, linear-lan- 
ceolate, acute, covered with soft hairs. Floicers grow in the 
axils of the leaves, according to Jacquin and Clusius, in 
very short curled racemes, but in our plant consisting of two 
flowers only, so that the spike was rather simple than com- 
pound. Calyx 5-cleft; segments subulate, hairy, equal to 
the tube, but only half the length of the corolla : faux cam- 
panulate ; border five-cleft ; lucinite subbilabiately arranged, 
the upper one being somewhat longer than the rest and 
emarginate. Stamens longer than corolla, unequal, declined : 
anthers oval, incumbent, with blue pollen. Style nearly 
equal to the stamens, somewhat hairv : stigma acute. 


The flowers of this species are sometimes pale red, but 
never blue or violet-coloured. The synonym of Clusius 
evidently belongs to our plant, and is so quoted by Jacquin ; 
yet Willdenow has continued to apply it to Echium vio- 

A hardy perennial. Flowers in May and June. Native 
of Hungary. Propagated by parting its roots or by seeds. 
Communicated by Messrs. Colville and Son, of the King's- 
Road, Chelsea. 

v„- f #& 

?u>.£v . 5 . f-uWij- . 

( 1827 ) 

Acacia longifolia. Long-leaved 

♦ ■ MM,»MMM frMM - 

CY«ss and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Hermaphrod. Cal. 5-dentatus. Cor. 5-fida vel 5-petaIa. 
Stam. 4 — 100. Pist. I. Legumen bivalve. 

Masc. CVz/. 5-dentatus. Cor. 5-fida, s. 5-petaIa. Stam. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Acacia longifolia; inermis, foliis lineari-lanceolatis utrinque 
angustatis trinerviis striatis, spicis axillaribus geminatis 
cylindraceis. Willd. Sp. PL 4. p. 1052. Ilort. Kew. ed. 
alt. 5. p. 461. 

Mimosa longifolia. Bot. Repos. 207. Venten. Malmais. 62. 

The long-leaved Acacia is a very ornamental greenhouse 
shrub, growing to the height of eighteen feet and upwards, 
and producing abundance of flowers very early in the spring, 
a t a time when few other plants are in blossom. 

Native of New South -Wales. May be increased by 
cuttings, which are said, however, not to strike very readily, 
introduced by John Ord, Esq. in 1792. Communicated by 
John Walker, Esq. of Arno's-Grove. 


( 1828 ) 

Digitalis ferruginea. Iron-coloured 
Fox Glove. 


Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-partitus. Cor. campanulata, 4 — 5-loba, ventricosa. 
Caps, ovata, bilocularis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Digitalis ferruginea ; calycibus obtusissimis marginatis 
glabris, corollae laciniis superioribus obsoletis : laterali- 
bus acutis : inferiore elongata retusa barbata. 

Digitalis ferruginea ; foliolis calycinis ovali-oblongis obtu- 
sissimis glabris, corollae labio superiore semibilobo : 
inferioris lobo medio oblongo concavo barbato : lateralibus 
acutis nanis. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 3. p. 30. 

Digitalis ferruginea ; calycinis foliolis oblong-is obtusissimis 
glabris, corolla? lobis lateralibus labii inferioris acutis, 
intermedin oblongo fiirsiifo cnncavo, floribus distantibus, 
bracteis lanceolatis glabris calycis longitudine. Willd. 
Sp. PL 3. p. 286. 

Digitalis ferruginea ; calycinis foliolis ovatis obtusis paten ti- 
bus, corollas labio inferiore barbato. Sz/st. Veg. p. 470. 
Martyn Mill. Diet. n. 6. Sabbati Hort. 2. t. 86. Allioni 
Pedem. n. 260. 

Digitalis angustifolia flore ferrugineo. Bauh. Pin. 244. 
Rivin. Monopet. 105. 

Digitalis ferruginea ; folio angustiore. Bauh. Hist. 2. p. 
813. / 2. 

Digitalis gilvo flore, alias ferrugineo. Lob. Obs. 308. sine 

Digitalis maxima ferruginea. Park. Parad. 380. p. 381. 
fig. 6. Raj. Hist. 768. Lob. Icon. 1. p. 573. a. 


Descr. Root perennial. Stem upright, rigid, from three 
to six feet high, clothed with lanceolate leaves quite entire 
or slightly toothed. Spike, or rather spike-like raceme, ter- 
minal, two or even three feet long, gradually tapering to the 
top ; simple, or having a few short branches towards the base. 
Flowers crowded together, but solitary, on short peduncles, 
supported each by a single, lanceolate, marginated, reflexed 
bracte, of which the lower ones are much longer than the 
calyx, the upper ones shorter. Calyx five-cleft ; the three 
upper segments erect, the two lower applied close to the 
corolla, all of them oval, very obtuse, and edged with a 
white membranaceous margin. Corolla drooping, dull yellow 
on the outside, within streaked with rusty purple lines : tube 
short, contracted : faux suddenly swelling, bellied : limb five- 
cleft : two upper lacinite very short, nearly obsolete, rolled 
back ; two lateral somewhat longer, acute ; lowermost long, 
blunt, hollowed, thinly bearded. Stamens shorter than corolla ; 
filaments inserted into the tube of the corolla, equal, thickened 
at the base, sigmoid : anthers parallel : lobes divaricate. 
Germen superior, conical, bilocular ; style the length of the 
stamens ; stigma simple. 

Of all the figures above quoted, the only one that repre- 
sents even the habit of our plant, is that of Rivinus. 

A hardy perennial, generally perishing after flowering; 
very shewy, from its stature and long tapering spike of 
flowers. Native of Italy. An old inhabitant of our gardens, 
being cultivated by Gerard above two hundred years ago. 
Our drawing was taken from a specimen, communicated by 
John Walker, Esq. of Arno's-Grove ; our description from 
one communicated many years ago, by Thomas Furley 
Forster, Esq. 


Ful \w S €*rti tral KO rtk.Junci,&iS. 

( 1829 ) 
Cassia ligustrina. Privet-leaved Cassia. 

Class and Order. 
Decandria Monogyma. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. 5-phyllus. Petala 5. Antherce 3 supremse stcrilcs ; 
3 infimaa rostrate. Legumen. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Cassia ligustrina ; foliis septemjugis Ianceolatis : extimis 
minoribus, glandula baseos petiolorum. Sp. PL 541 et 
1681. Ed. fVilld.2. p. 523. //or*. Cliff. 159. //or*. 
LJ»«rf. 100. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 3. p. 28. Mart. Mill. 
Diet. n. 24. Gronov. Fl. Virg. 47. ed. 4to. 65. ifo*. 
Reg. 109. 

Cassia ligustrina ; tenuissime pubescens, foliis septemjugis 
Ianceolatis, extimis minoribus, glandula basilari, pedun- 
culis terminalibus subpaniculatis, leguminibus oblongis 
subfalcatis. Pursh Fl. Am. Sept. 1. p. 306. 

Cassia bahamensis, pinnis foliorum mucronatis angustis, 
calyce floris non reflexo. Mart. Cent. 21. *. 21. 

Senna lig-ustii folio. Dill. EM. 350. *. 259. 

The privet-leaved Cassia being a native of the warmer 
parts of the Continent of North-America, from Virginia to 
Georgia, and the West -India Isles, requires to be kept in 
the bark stove, where, when in vigour, it makes a handsome 

Our drawing was taken at Mr. Salisbury's Botanic 
Garden early in June, some years ago, and was supposed 
to be Cassia Sophera, a species very nearly allied indeed, 
but a native of the East-Indies. Our plant differs somewhat 
from the figure published last month in the Botanical Re- 
gister, but corresponds better with the character given by 


From comparing the specimens in the Banksian Herba- 
rium, we cannot discover any essential difference between 
ligustrina and Sophera. 

We are informed by Clayton, that the leaves* have the 
same effects as the Alexandrine senna. 

Introduced from the Bahama Isles, by Mr. Mark Catesby, 
in 1726. Propagated by seeds, which are not produced in 
our climate, and will, if raised early in the year in a hot- 
bed, sometimes produce flowers in the autumn of the same 
year. In the bark stove it will remain as an evergreen 
shrub, and attain the height of five or six feet. 


( 1830 ) 

Myoporum debile. Procumbent 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-partitus. Cor. tubo brevi ; limbo 5-fido, subaequali. 
Stigma obtusum, Drupa baccata, 2 — 4-locularis. Semina 
1 — 2, pendula. Brown. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Myoporum debile ; foliis lanceolatis apice dentatis, drupis 
compressiusculis calyce brevioribus, pedunculis solitariis, 
caule prostrato. Brown Prodr. 516. Hort. Kew. ed. 
alt. 4. p. 60. 

Pogonia debilis. Bot. Repos. 212. 

Myoporum debile is a small greenhouse shrub with pro- 
cumbent branches. It is not a plant of much show, but 
it flowers most part of the summer, and its lively blossoms, 
and purple stems studded with glandular tubercles, make a 
pleasing variety ; and it takes up but little room. In a 
cultivated state the leaves are frequently quite entire, but 
in native specimens are generally more or less toothed to- 
wards the point. 

Native of New South-Wales. Propagated by cuttings. 
Communicated by Messrs. Lqddiges and Sons. 



( 1831 ) 
Calla palustris, Marsh Calla. 

C/«ss «rcd Order. 

Heptandria Monogynia. Willd. 
Gynandria Polyandria. Linn. 


Generic Character. 

Spatha plana. Spadix tectus flosculis. Cat. 0. Cor. 0. 
Racca polysperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Calla palustris ; foliis cordatis^ spatha plana, spadice undi- 

que hermaphrodito. Sp. PL 1373. Willd. 2. p. 290. 

Reich. 4. p. 75. Hort. Cliff. 436. Pollich Pal. n. 865. 

Gmel. Sib. 1. ja. 1. Ft. Dan. t. 422. SkewsA: Bot. 39. 

Martyn Mill. Diet. n. 2. #ort. #ew. erf. alt. 2. p. 337. 
Calla foliis cordatis. Fl. Lap. 320. 
Prouvenzalia palustris. Petit Lettres 3. p. 45. cum tab. 
Dracunculus palustris s. radice arundinacea Plinii. Bauh. 

Pin. 195. Moris. Hist. 3. p. 545. § 13. t. 5. / 23. 

Weinm. Phyt. t. 472. 6. in fructu. 
Dracunculus aquatilis. Dod. Pempt. 331. Raj. Hist. 1210. 

Ger. Emac. 832./. 3. Park. Herb. 1244. Hort. Eyst. 

Ord. Vern. 2. t. 17. Cam. Epit. 362. 
Dracunculus palustris Polonicus Corvini. Barrel. Ic. 574. 
Anguina aquatica sive Dracunculus. Lob. Ic. 600. f. 2. 
Hydropiper rubeum. Fuchs Hist, folio Ic. 844. in fructu, 

ed. Yhno. p. 924. sine figura. 

The genus Calla is readily recognised, in the natural 
arrangement, to belong to the aroidece of Jussieu ; piperita 
°f Likn£us : but, in the sexual system of the latter, there 


is a peculiar difficulty in assigning to it its proper place. 
Linn^us himself placed it in the class Gynandria, order 
Polyandria ; but a more careful examination of the parts of 
fructification soon led Botanists to the conclusion, that none 
of the aroidece were really gynandrous. Haenke, in his edi- 
tion of the Genera Plantarum, removed it to Polyandria 
Polygynia ; Schreber inserted it under Moncecia Mon- 
andria ; and lastly, in Willdenow's Species Plantarum, it 
occurs in Heptandria Monogynia ; where certainly no one, 
from an examination of the species now under consideration, 
would think of looking for it. The stamens are inserted, as 
appears to us, without order or definite number in the inter- 
stices between the germens, and being surrounded by neither 
calyx nor corolla, may be considered as solitary. 

The older Botanists considered our plant as a species of 
Dracunculus. M. Petit, Physician to the Royal Hospitals 
at Paris, made a new genus of it in the beginning of the 
last century, under the name of Prouvenzalia, in honour of 
his friend, M. Prouvenza, Inspector-General of the Royal 
Hospitals, which Linnaeus, however, did not think fit to 
adopt, but applied that of Calla, a name borrowed from 

It is a native of Germany and all the northern parts of 
Europe, but has not been found in Great- Britain, though 
Parkinson distinguishes it by the name of " Our Water- 
" Dragons." 

Was cultivated by Philip Miller, in 1738. Requires 
to be kept in a water-trough. Propagated by its creeping 
roots. Flowers in July and August. Communicated by 
Mr. William Kent, from his very fine collection of rare 
plants, which he cultivates, with the happiest success, at 

A T id3i.n. 


( 1832 A. &B. ) 

Punica Granatum. Common Pomegranate 


Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-fidus, superus. Pelala 5. Pomum multiloculare^ 

Specific Character and Si/noni/ms. 

Punica Granatum ; fuliis Ianceolaiis caule arboreo. Sp. PI. 

676. Willd. 2. 981. Hort. Cliff. 184. Hort. Ups. 122. 

Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 3. p. 194. IVoodv. Med. Bot. 158. 

t. 58. Gatrtn. Fruct. 1. p. 183. Prd/. i?oss. v. 1. joars 2. 

/>. 67. £ora 7co«. 270. Tmc Ehret. p. 36. t. 71, 72. 

Lom\ Cochinch. I. p. 313. Desfont. Atl. 1. 392. 
Granata Punica mala. Blackic. Herb. 97. et 145. 
Punica C«e»fl/p, de Plant. 141. Tournef. InsL 636. t. 407. 

Qwer. i<7. £s/wm. 6. />. 149. 
Le Grenadier. Regnault Bot. 
Punica spinosa, foliis nitentibus, ellipticis, integ-errimia, 

floribus sessilibus. Hall. Hist. 1098* 
Punica malus. Trag. Herb. p. 1037. Dalech. Lugd. 303. 

ed. Gallic. I. 256. Cord. Hist. 184. a. Rncll. Stirp. 

Hist. 239. Tournef. Inst. 636. Bauh. Pin. 438. 
VI alls Punica. Bauh. Hist. 1. jo. 76. Doc/. Pcmpt. 794. 

/to/. ///,,'. 1462. C«m. Ep#. 130. 
Malum Granatum. Rumph. Amb. 2. p. 94. £. 24. 
Malum Punicum. Lob. Hist. 563. Advers. 419. /con. 2. 

130. Ger. Emac. 1450. PflrA'. Pared, t. 429./ 4, 5, 6. 
Granata seu Punica. IVeinm. Phyt. t. 557. a, b, c. 
W floribus simplicibus rubris. 2*of\ Meg*. 1832. Poll, et 

Turp. arbr. fruit. 22. 
(p.) floribus simplicibus albis. .Bo*. Repos. 96. 
(*) floribus plenis. frezo £Are*. *. 71./. 2. 
oalaustia flore pleno majore et minore. Bauh. Pin. 438. 


The Pomegranate Tree is ornamental, even in foliage, 
and sufficiently hardy, not only to bear the cold of our 
climate, but, if placed against a warm wall, to produce flowers 
freely ; and, in favourable seasons, will even bring its beauti- 
ful fruit to a certain degree of maturity. It is probably because 
such situations are usually in request for fruit for the table, 
that this tree is not more generally cultivated in this country. 

The double-flowered variety produces no fruit ; but its 
blossoms being more shewy, is mostly preferred, as fruit is 
hardly to be expected, except in very favourable seasons, 
and is, in no case, fit for eating ; it is nevertheless pleasing 
to the eye. In the countries where the Pomegranate is cul- 
tivated for use, three kinds of fruit are particularly mentioned ; 
the sweet, the acid, and the vinous. 

Native of Spain, Italy, Barbary, Persia, Japan, and 
Cochinchina, and cultivated in the East and West-Indies. 

According to Turner, it was to be seen in Sion Garden aB 
long ago as the year 1548, 

Should be planted in a warm situation ; and, according to 
Miller, in a strong rich soil ; but is said in its native 
countries to affect a poor chalky soil. Propagated by layers, 
which should be laid down in the spring, and in a year's 
time will be sufficiently rooted to be removed. 

The flowers of the double variety are astringent, and were 
formerly used in medicine and kept in the shops, under the 
name of Balaustins, The rind of the fruit is a more power- 
ful astringent, and is said to be used in Persia, in dying 
leather black. Bacon recommends wine made of the sweet 
Pomegranates ; or, where that cannot be had, the juice, with 
a little sugar and lemon-peel and three or four cloves, to 
be taken every morning, from February to the end of April, 
as good for the liver*. 

Bacon dc vita et tnorte, v, 20. 


( 1833 ) 

Stapelia maculosa. Spotted-flowered 

4hMhMh|mMh|h| ^--jM*-**-*- 

Class and Ch'der. 
Pentandria Digynia 

Generic Character. 
Asclepiadea. Nectar, duplici stellula tegente genitalia. 
Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Stapelia maculosa ; orbiculo solido, rostris alisque teretibus 
obiusis, ligulis trifidis, corollis subtus planissimis ad oras 
ciiiatis. Jacq Stap. 

Stapelia maculosa ; corollis quinquefidis laevibus planis 
ciiiatis, fundo orbiculato convexo, coronse exterioris 
laciniis tridentatis, cornubus binis clavatis approximatis. 
WiUd. Enum. 283. 

Stapelia maculosa. Donn Cant. ed. 1, % 8$ 3. sed mixta 
ed. posteriorum. 

Orbea maculosa. Haworth Succul. p. 37. 

Stapelia variegata (No. 26.)— picta (No. 1 169.) — Bufonis 
(No 1676.) and maculosa, are nearly-allied species, and are, 
with some others, separated into a distinct genus by Mr. 
Haworth, under the name of Orbea. 

The venerable Jacquin's splendid work on the genus 
Stapelia, though published several years ago, owing to the 
unsettled state of the Continent, has not till very lately 
reached this country. In his figure of our present plant, the 
light parts of {he flower are a deeper yellow, and the stalks 
more slender and brown -coloured, circumstances very liable 
to vary, but in other respects it does not differ from the one 
here given. 


As Jacquin received his plant from this country, under the 
name which he has adopted, there can be no doubt that it is 
the maculosa of the early edition of Donn's Catalogue. 

Native of the Cape of Good-Hope. Communicated by 
Mr. George Graves. 

( 1834 ) 

Clerodendrum fragrans. Fragrant 

# $ $ $ & | ♦ 4MMH^^#-irtt'^ 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cat. 5-fidus. Cor. tubo cylindrico : limbo 5-partito, laciniis 
aequalibus subsecundis. Stam. exserta, adscendentia. Bacca 
dipyrena : ossiculis bilocularibus. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Clerodendrum fragrans ; foliis subcordatis dentatis basi 

glandulosis, corymbis terminalibus densis hemisphaericis. 

Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 4. p. 63. Vent. Malm. 70. floribus 

simplicibus. Willd. Enum. 659. excluso synonimo 

Clerodendrum fragrans ; foliis ovatis subcordatis dentatis 

pubescentibus, subtus basi biglandulosis, corymbo con- 

ferto terminali. Willd. Enum. 659. 
Volkmannia japonica. Jacq. Hort. Schcenbr. 3. p. 48. t. 338. 

floribus plenis. 

Clerodendrum fragrans, is chiefly valuable for the sake 
of its very fragrant blossoms. It is a native of Japan and 
China, and, though generally treated as a stove plant, is not 
very tender. It has creeping roots, and we remember once 
to have seen an instance where it had been planted in the 
border of the conservatory, that the roots found their way 
through or under the brick-work, and the shoots came up in 
the open ground, in which situation the plants flourished and 


flowered very well during the summer; but perished the 
following winter. 

Willdenow, in his Enumeration of the Plants in the 
Berlin Garden, has quoted tab. 57, of ILempfer's drawings 
published by Sir Joseph Banks, as a representation of our 
plant, but, as we think, without foundation. Communicated 
by John Walker, Esq[. of Arno's-Grove. 


( 1835 ) 

Capsicum bicolor. Dark- fruited 

♦♦ M M ♦ » ♦ $ » » ftft »j |i tM 

C7#ss «wd Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 
Cor. rotata. Bacca exsucca. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Capsicum bicolor; pedunculis solitariis fructibus oblongis 

subconicis, corollae laciniis trinerviis bicoloribus, caule 

Capsicum bicolor. Jacq. Fragm. t. 99. /. 1. 
Capsicum nigrum; pedunculis solitariis, fructibus oblongis 

erectis mucronatis, petiolis glabris, caule fruticoso. 

Willd. Enum. 242. 

As Jacquin had given a figure of Capsicum bicolor in bis 
Fragmenta, some time prior to Willdenow's publication, 
we do not see that the latter author had any good reason for 
changing its name, we have therefore thought it right to 
restore the original appellation. 

In a genus so subject to vary in the form of its fruit, it is 
not easy to find good specific characters ; in this instance the 
fruit, though sometimes terminated in a sharp point, is at 
others quite obtuse, without appearance of mucro. The 
most striking difference between this species and frutescens, 
consists in the size and colour of the corolla, and the dark 
purple colour of the unripe fruit ; for when mature this 
changes to red ; the leaves and branches, when the plant 


is kept in a light and airy situation, partake, on the upper 
side, of the same dark colour. 

We received specimens of this plant from the late Mr. 
North's Nursery, at Lambeth, in the year 1805. 

Native, we believe, of the West-Indies, and requires the 
protection of the stove in the winter months, but may be 
removed into the greenhouse in the summer. 

Mis n$, 

( 1836 ) 


Class and Order. 
Syngenesia Polygamia Superflua. 

Generic Character. 

Recept. paleaceum. Pappus margo obsoletus. Seminum 
latera, praesertim radii, marginata. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Buphthalmum sericeum ; foliis oppositis approximatissimis 
spathulato-oblongis sericeis, calycinis squamis setaceis 
hirsutis, caule arboreo. Linn. Suppl. 379. Willd. Sp. 
Pl.,3. p. 2230. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 5. p. }23. 

Buphthalmum sericeum ; foliis sparsis cuneiformibus acutis 
integerrimis villoso-sericeis. Hort. Kew. ed. \ ma ' 3. p. 
245. LHerit. Sert. Angl tab. 37. nunquam edita. 

Buphthalmum sericeum is a handsome dwarf shrub, though 
the leaves lose something of their beauty in cultivation ; the 
soft silky whiteness of the pubescence becoming greener and 
coarser than in native specimens. 

Table 34 of L'Heritier's Sertum Anglicum, quoted in 
the first edition of the Hortus Kewensis, we believe, was 
never published j we do not therefore know that any other 
representation of this plant than the one here given, is 
before the public. 

Native of Fuertaventura, one of the Canary Islands, and 
is called by the Spanish inhabitants Forjada. Discovered by 
Mr. Francis Masson, and introduced into the Kew Gardens 
in 1779. 

May be propagated by cuttings. Requires the protection 
of the greenhouse. Flowers most part of the summer. 
Communicated by John Walker, Esq. of Arno's-Grove. 


( 1837 ) 

Heliotropium indicum. Indian Turnsole, 
or Heliotrope. 

•sMhShJ*- **-sN8-4hMe , **# ^-& *■ # ~& 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. hypocrateriformis, 5-fida, fauce plicata. Stigma in- 
crassatum subconicum. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Heliotropium indicum; foliis cordatis acutis scabriusculis, 

spicis solitariis, fructibus bifidis. Flor. Zeyl. 70. Sp. 

PI. 1877. Reich. 1. 380. Willd. 1. 740. Per soon 

Syn. 1. 155. Swartz Obs. 54. Hort. Kern., ed. alt. 1. 

2>. 284. Loureiro Cochinch. 103. Mart. AfiYZ. Diet. 

Heliotropium foliis ovatis acutis, spicis* solitariis. Hort. 

Clif. 45. 
Heliotropium americanum cseruleum foliis Hormini. Pluk. 

Aim. 182. t. 245. / 4. Dodart Mem. S3. Robert Ic. 

158. Sabb. Hort. Rom. 2. t. 34. Sloane Jam. \. p.3. 

Moris. Hist. 3. p. 451. Raj. Hist. 3. p. 270. 
Jacua-Acanga. Pis. Braz. p. 229. 

Descr. Root annual. Stem rounded, erect, from one to 
two feet high, branched, hispid. Leaves alternate and 
opposite, spathulate-ovate, acute, rugose, crenate, naked on 
the upper and clothed with a rather soft pubescence on the 
under surface. Branches grow from the axils of the leaves. 
Flowers in long, solitary, terminal, generally simple, fcut 
. ' now 

now and then divided, spikes ; at first blue, but soon fading 
to white. 

The figure in the Hortus Romanus, quoted as a variety, 
and as the same with Miller's horminifolium, is a bad 
representation, but does not seem to be at all different from 
our plant. Dodart's figure, copied in Robert's Icones, is 
very good. 

The Indian Turnsole is a native of the West-India 
Islands and the continent of South- America. Being annual, 
must be raised in the stove or hot-bed. 

Flowers from June to August. Communicated by John 
Walker, Esq. of Arno's-Grove. 



\ ■tK.At.'i- 3.1816. 

( ]838 ) 
Zamia media. Intermediate Zamia. 

♦♦♦♦ ♦ ♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦ ♦$♦ 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Masc. Amentum strobiliforme. Cat. squama obovata. 
Cor. 0. Antherce globose rima dehiscentes, in squama 

Fem. Ament. strobiliforme. Cat. squamae peltatae. Cor. 0. 
Germina 2. Styli 0. Baccce 2, 1-spermae. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Zamia media ; foliolis oblongo-linearibus subintegerrimis 

muticis rectis, stipite tereti inermi. Jacq. Hort. Schoenb. 

3. p. 77. t. 397 et 398. 
Zamia media ; frondibus pinnatis, foliolis lincari-lanceolatis 

obtusis sub apice obsolete serrulatis planis, stipite tri- 

quetro glabro. JVilld. Sp. PI. 4. p. 846. 

'Zamia media is very distinct both from integrifolia and 
angustifolia, and has its name from being in some measure 
intermediate between the two ; the pinnae or leaflets being 
narrower and more numerous than in the former, and broader 
and fewer than in the latter. The serratures just below the 
point of the leaflets are frequently wanting, and seldom visible 
to the naked eye. 

Our drawing was taken from a female plant communicated 
by Messrs. Loodiges and Sons, by whom it was introduced. 
Native of the West-Indies. Requires to be kept in the 
stove. Is not recorded in the Hortus Kewensis, nor in 
Bonn's Catalogue. 

If ism; 

( 1839 ) 

Stapelia Gemmiflora (/3.) Gem-flowered 


jfc. -«k ?!&. jJt J&..jfe .5.V..A..A. A *V «l>. «j> ?!t. A *!t «1> 
•>$? «$r /y Jfr vp v 4* *i* v ^p «v^ v *p t* ^r *8» V 

C/«ss and Order. 
Pentandria Digynia. 

Generic Character. 
Asclepiadea. Nectar, duplici stellula tegente genitalia. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Stapelia gemmiflora ; corollis ciliatis facie tuberculato- 
scabrosis, ligulis tripartita erectis : laciniis lateralibus 
subulatis media sublanceolata. J acq. Stap. 

Stapelia gemmiflora ; ramis pluribus erectis tetragonis 
dentatis : dentibus suberectis acutis, corolla plana scabra 
quinquefida : laciniis ovato-lanceolatis margine ciliatis. 
Masson Staj). p. 14. n. 15. t. 15. 

Stapelia gemmiflora ; corollis qninquefidis scabris : laciniis 
ovato-lanceolatis margine ciliatis superne quinquenerviis, 
pedunculis longitudine corolla?,, ramis erectis tetragonis 
interne floriferis. Willd. Sp. PL 1. p. 1280. Hort. Kew. 
ed. alt. 2. p. 87. 

Tridentea gemmiflora corolla crassissima corrugata atra, 
albo-ciliata. Haworth Succul. p. 34. 

(«) ciliis albis. 

((3) ciliis rubicundis. 

Tridentea stygia ; corollis rugosis atris, pilis rubicundis, 
ramis crassis brevibus., luteo-viridibus. Haworth Succul. 
p. 35. ? 

The cilice, or glandular hairs on the margin of the corolla, 
m our plant and in Jacquin's, are of a red colour. In 
Masson's figure they are represented white. Mr. Haworth 
considers the two varieties to be distinct species., from some 


difference in the stems ; but, in this respect, our plant does 
not seem to us to differ materially from Masson's figure. 
The colour of the flower varies from dark purple to almost 
black; and also in the number and situation of the gold- 
coloured specks. 

Our plant was far less brightly spotted on the underside 
than is represented in Masson's figure, and in Jacquin's 
these spots were entirely wanting. Neither were the nerves, 
so marked on the upper surface of the laciniae of the corolla 
in Masson's drawing, at all visible in our plant, nor are they 
seen in Jacquin's figure. This shows how dangerous it is 
to frame the specific characters from drawings only, as 
Willdenow has done throughout this genus. 

Our drawing was taken at Messrs. Whitley, Brame, 
and Milne's Nursery, at Pulham. 

Flowers in June. Native of the Cape of Good-Hope, 
growing among the shrubs in the sandy districts beyond 
Platte-Kloof. Requires the same treatment as the rest of 
the genus. 


( 1840 ) 

Allium stellatum (%) White Missouri 

C7ass «nrf Order. 

Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. 6-partita, patens. Spatha multiflora. Umbella con- 
gesta. Caps, supera. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Allium stellatum ; foliis linearibus acute carinatis scapo 
sub-tereti brevioribus, staminibus inclusis, germine apice 

(«.) Jloribus purpureis foliorum odore miti. Supra No. 1576, 

((3.) Jloribus albis foliorum odore gravi. 

Allium angulosum. Pursh Fl. Am. Bor. 1. p. 223. ? nequa- 
quam Linnaei. 

Allium reticubatum. Fras. Cat. ? 

Descr. var. |3. Bulb conical, oblique, covered with a fibrous 
bristly coat. Radical leaves linear, acutely keeled at the back, 
not quite the length of the scape, which is nearly rounded, 
smooth, erect, generally furnished with two leaves towards 
the base, only half the length of the scape. Flowers white 
in a rather lax umbel, frequently proliferous, scent sweetish, 
and slightly alliaceous. Lacinice of the corolla erect : internal 
ones longer, narrower, and more spreading than the outer. 
Filaments equal, all broad at the base and sharp-pointed, 
shorter than corolla, white, inserted into a fleshy receptacle, 
and connate with the base of the petal and with one another. 
Anthers yellow. Germen white, somewhat rugose, six- 
cleft at the apex : style erect, shorter than the stamens : 
stigma simple, acute. The plant when bruised has a rank 
gariick-like smell 


This plant was represented to us as a distinct species, and 
its very near affinity with Allium stellatum, of which it can 
be considered only as a variety., was not observed till the 
whole impression was thrown off. In Phaser's Catalogue 
two species of Allium are recorded as natives of Missouri, 
under the names of stellatum and reliculatum ; by the latter 
was probably meant our present plant, and perhaps so named 
from the fibrous coating surrounding the bulb ; but whether 
this difference be constant or not, we have had no opportunity 
of examining. 

Introduced by Mr. Nlttax, who found it on the banks of 
the Missouri, in North- America. Our drawing was taken at 
Messrs. J. and J. Fraser's Nursery, Sloane-Square. Flowers 
in May. 


( 1841 ) 

Gardenia Randia. Round-leaved 
Gardenia, or Indigo-Berry. 

Class and Order. 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Bacca infera, 2-locularis,, polysperma. Antkcra sessiles in 
fence corolla?. Stigma bilamellatum. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Gardenia Randia ; spinosa ; spinis terminalibus binis, foliis 
obovato-subrotundis, corollis glabris solitariis sessilibus, 
dentibus calycis subulatis patulis. 

Gardenia Randia ; spinosa, spinis ramulorum terminalibus 
binis, foliis ovato -subrotundis, corollis hypocrateriformi- 
bus. mild. Sp. PL 1. p. 1230. HorLKew. ed. alt. 1. 
p. 370. 

Gardenia acnleata; spinis oppositis floribusque foliis bre- 
vioribus, ramis glabris. Bort. Kew. ed. 1. v. I. p. 295. 

Randia acnleata; ramis bispinosis. Sp.Pl.21i:. Syst.Veg. 
xiv. p. 197. 

Randia foliis subrotundis confertis, summis ramulis bispini- 
feris, floribus solitariis. Browne Jam. 143. t. S.f.l. 

Lycium forte foliis subrotundis integris, spinis et foliis ex 
adverso sitis. Sloane Hist. 1. t. 2. 2. f. 4. 

Lycii m magis americanum Jasmini flore foliis subrotundis 
lucidis. Plufc. Aim. 234. t. 97. / 6. 

Lycium Beloxylon binis aculeis in ramulorum fastigns ame- 
ricanum. Pink. Aim. 234. t. 97. f. 5. 

Jasminum luc'idum americanum folio lucido subrotundo. 
Parad. Bat. Prodr. 342. 

Descr. In our hot-houses Gardenia Randia is a dwarfish 
branched shrub, with grey bark. Branches towards their 


extremities knotted, and from these knots the leaves grow on the 
younger branches in pairs, but afterwards in bundles of three 
or four together. Leaves roundish, generally obovate, shining 
green on the upper and paler on the under surface. Flowers 
white, very like those of the Common Jasmine, solitary, 
sessile, and generally axillary. Calyx small, five-toothed : 
teeth subulate, spreading, connected half-way by a mem- 
brane. Tube of Corolla green, shorter than the limb, which 
is usually divided into five, sometimes into six, lanceolate 
segments, and, according to Patrick Browne, in Jamaica, 
constantly into four only. Stamens equal in number to the 
lacinise of the corolla : filaments none : anthers linear, sessile, 
inserted into the margin of the tube. Germen inferior : style 
shorter than the tube, club-shaped r stigma bifid, fleshy. 

Varies much in the size of the leaves and in the number 
of spines, which latter, in old plants, are sometimes entirely 
wanting, and in this state it is supposed by Swartz to be 
the Randia mitis of the Species Plantarum. 

The berries, which are never produced with us, afford a 
permanent blue colour, hence the common appellation in 
Jamaica of Indigo-Berry. And if the Lycium Beloxylon of 
Plukenet, above quoted, be the same, which we see no 
reason to doubt, the natives on the Continent make arrows of 
the wood and ink of the berries, whence it is called by the 
English settlers, Dartwood and Ink-Berries. 

Communicated by Messrs. Loddiges and Sons, flowering 
in May. It seems to have very rarely come into blossom in 
this country, as its season of flowering is not marked in the 
Hortus Kewensis. Propagated by cuttings. Requires to be 
kept in an airy part of the stove. 


( 1842 ) 
Gardenia radigans. Rooting Gardenia. 

♦»♦♦♦♦♦ $$ $ »» » »MhMhe 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Bacca infera, 2-IocuIaris, polysperma. Anthera sessilcs 
in fauce corollae. Stigma bilamellatum. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Gardenia radicans ; inermis, foliis lanceolatis, corollis hy- 
pocrateriformibus obtusis calyce angulato, caule radi- 
cante. Willd. Sp. PL I. p. 1225. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 1. 
p. 368. Bot.Repos. 491. 

Gardenia radicans ; inermis, corollis obtusis, calyce angu- 
lato, foliis ellipticis, caule radicante. Thunb. Gard. n. 1. 
t.l.f.l. Thunb. Jap. 109. t. 20. 

Kutsjinas altera, folio minori, flore niveo pleno, cujus 
gemma nondum explicata speciosam cochleae oblongai 
figuram exprimit. Kcempf. Aman. p. 808. 

In the way that Gardenia radicans is treated in our 
stoves, the stems show no disposition to put forth roots; 
but probably would, were they suffered to come in contact 
with the earth. It is doubtful, whether it has ever been 
seen in this country, or even in China, with a single flower. 

There is great affinity between this species and Gardenia 
jlorida, from which it differs very little, except in the lesser 
size of its flowers and leaves, which last are narrowed at 
both extremities. The flowers have nearly the same fragrant 
smell, and the plant flowering more freely and being more 
easily propagated than the true Cape Jasmin, it has of late 
very much taken the place of this last, and is frequently sold 
for it. 

Flowers in June and July. Communicated by Messrs. 
kopfciGEs and Sons, 


( 1843 ) 

Phlomis fruticosa. Larger Shrubby 
Phlomis, or Jerusalem Sage. 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cat. 5-gonus, 5-dentatus. Cor. galea incumbens, carinato- 
compressa, barbata, emarginata vel incisa ; labium inferiug 
proportionatum : lobo medio majore. Stigjnatis labium su- 
perius brevius. Brown. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Phlomis fruticosa ; [foliis subrotundis [ovato-oblongis] to- 

mentosis crenatis, involucris lanceolatis, caule fruticoso. 

Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 3. p. 407. Sp. PI. 818. Willd. 3. 

p. 1 17. Pers. Syn. 2. 126. Mart. Mill. Diet. n. L 

Kniph. Cent. 1 et 3. Sabb. Hort. Rom. 3. t. 15. 
Phlomis involucri radiis lanceolatis. Hort. "Cliff. 315. 
Phlomis cretica, fruticosa., folio subrotundo, flore luteo. 

Tournef. Cor. 10. 
Phlomis capitata lutea grandiflora. Dill. Elth. p. 316. t.237. 

f 306. 
Verbascum latis salviae foliis. Bauh. Pin. 240. 
Verbascum sylvestre. Cam. Epit. 881. Matthioli Compend. 

Verbascum sylvestre alterum. Dod. Pempt. 146. 
Verbascum 4 Matthioli. Lob. Icon. 560. § 1. Ger. Emac. 

767. f 1. 
Salvia fruticosa lutea latifolia. Park. Theatr. 52. 
Salvia fatua flore luteo. fVeinm. Phyt. 4. t. 880. c. 
Pseudo-Salvia major lutea latifolia. Moris. Hist. 2. p. 39Z 


Phlomis fruticosa varies very much in the form and size 
of its leaves, which are sometimes cordate-oval, somtimes 


oblong-oval, and not at all cordate ; at other times againu 
they are auriculated. We have observed only two varieties, 
which differ in nothing but in size, and not in the relative 
width of the leaves. The older authors, by their latifolia and 
angustifolia, denoted two distinct species, our present one 
and Phlomis Lychnitis. Miller made three species of the 
fruticosa, but they appear to us to run so much into one 
another, that they cannot properly be considered even as 
distinct varieties ; except the larger and smaller, which seem 
to be permanent. 

The Phlomis fruticosa is a native of Spain, Portugal, 
and Sicily. It is tolerably hardy, and will grow in almost 
any soil or situation, though it lives longest in a dry soil ; its 
hoary leaves are not deciduous, and make a pleasing variety 
in the winter. But severe frost will cut them down to the 

f round, and sometimes destroy them altogether, Propagated 
y cuttings. Flowers in June and July. Cultivated by 
Gerard in 1596, 


( 1844 ) 

Berckheya grandiflora. Large-flowered 

C/ass awe? Order. 
Syngenesia Polygamia Frustranea. 

Generic Character. 

Receptaculum favosum. Semina villosa. Pappus paleaceus 
(nunc setoso-paleaceus ciliatus). Cal. imbricatus. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Berckheya grandiflora ; foliis oppositis lanceolatis trinerviis 

spinoso-dentatis subtus tomentosis, calycinis foliolis 

spinoso-dentatis. fVilld. Sp. PL 3. p. 2271. 
Berckheya fruticosa. Wendl. Obs. 33. t. 4/ 31. 
Rohria grandiflora; foliis calycibusque oblongis dentato- 

spinosis subtus tomentosis capitulo solitario. Thunb. 

Prodr. 140. Act. Soc. Nat. Scrut. Hafn. 3. p. 107. 
Rohria ilicifolia ; foliis oppositis oblongis dentatis spinosis 

supra lineatis, caule fruticoso. Vahl Act. Soc. Nat. 

Scrut. Hafn. 2. p. 40. t. 7. 
Gorteria fruticosa. Berg. Cap. p. 302. quoad descriptionem, 

exclusis synonymis omnibus, excepto forte Plukenetii. 
Atractylis oppositifolia ; foliis oppositis. L. Mant. 477. 

Reich. Sp. PL 3. p. 697. exclusis synon. Sp. Plan*. et 

Carthamus africanus, frutescens, folio ilicis spinoso, flore 

aureo. Walth. Hoft. 13. t. 7. 

Descr. Stem shrubby, about three feet high, divided 
mto a few upright branches. Leaves opposite, ternate, or, 
sometimes scattered, oblong, smooth on the upper surface and 
cottony on the under, sinuate-dentate: teeth terminated each 


with a rigid, sharps orange-coloured spine. Peduncle ter» 
minal, half a foot long, rounded, cottony, bearing a single, 
large, radiated, yellow Jiower. Calyx imbricated : outer 
leaflets exactly resembling the leaves, but smaller, the inner 
series gradually diminishing and becoming less spinous, 
innermost series linear-lanceolate, ciliated : all of them ap- 
peared to us to be distinct to the base. Receptacle honey- 
combed : cells deep with ragged chaffy edges. Seed buried 
in the cells, hairy from the base, and crowned with a chaffy 
many-cleft pappus, whose segments are ciliated. Radius 

A greenhouse shrub. Native of the Cape of Good-Hope. 
Tlowers in June. Not mentioned in the Hortus Kewensis. 

Communicated by Messrs. Jenkins and Gwyther, New- 
Road, who are preparing an extensive Botanic Garden for 
the use of subscribers ; which, from its vicinity to the centre 
of the metropolis and the enjoyment of the pure air of the 
Regent's Park, promises to be a great acquisition to London 


( 1845 ) 

Cerbera Manghas. Spear-leaved 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 
Contorta. Drupa monosperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Cerbera Manghas ; foliis lanceolatis : nervis transversalibus, 
foliolis calycinis ovato-oblongis patentissimis marline 

Cerbera Manghas ; foliis lanceolatis : nervis transversalibus. 
Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 2. p. 65. Fl. Zeyl n. 106. Sip. PL 
303. Reich. 591. Willd. I. p. 1222. ObsIt.9\. 

Manghas lactescens, foliis Nerii crassis, venosis, Jasmini 
flore, fructu Persicae simili venenato. Burm. Zeyl. 151. 
t. 70. f. 1. ? 

Manghas fructu venenato. Bauh. Pin. 440. Raj. Hist. 1552. 

Arbor lactaria. Rumph. Amb. 2. p. 243. $.81. 

Odollam. Hort. Malab. l.p.ll.t. 39. 

It is probable that more than one species of Cerbera have 
been confounded under the name of Manghas. The pecu- 
liarity of the corolla-like calyx, which is not much shorter 
than the tube of the corolla, will perhaps easily distinguish 
this from every other species. This calyx is well represented 
in the figure in the Hortus Malabaricus, and is particularly 
described by Rumphius, as having the appearance of a stel- 
lated flower, of a fine green colour, from the centre of which 
the real flower grows on a long tube ; his figure probably 
represents the plant after the corollas were all fallen off, 
leaving only the calyx. Burman's figure represents the 


calyx as very small, and closely applied to the tube of the 
corolla ; a circumstance which makes it doubtful whether it 
may not be intended for some other species. 

The stories of its very poisonous qualities have arisen, 
probably, from its being* confounded with some other plant ; 
its milky juice is not vehemently caustic, and Rumphius 
remarks, that the natives eat the leaves, boiled with other 
pot-herbs, with no other effect than gently relaxing the 
bowels ; and an infusion of the bark of the tree is used as a 
familiar cathartic in Airtboyna, by the Europeans as well 
as the natives. 

With us it is a stove plant. Native of the East-Indies. 
Flowers from June to September. Propagated by cuttings. 
We were favoured with the specimen from which our drawing 
was taken, by our friend Mr. Aiton, from the royal garden 
at Kew, in June 1815, 


( 1846 ) 

Smilax Glauca. Glaucous-leaved 

Class and Order. 
Dicecia Hexandria. 

Generic Character. 
Masc. Cal. 6-phyllus. Cor. 0. 

Pem. Cal. 6-phyllus. Cor. 0. Stt/li 3. Bacca 3-IocuIaris. 
oem. 2. 

Specific Character. 

Smilax glauca ; (caulis teres aculeatus) foliis inermihus 
rotundato-ovatis mucronulatis subseptemnerviis subtus 
glaucis, pedunculis brevibus bifloris. 

We cannot find that this species of Smilax, a native of 
North-America, communicated by John Walker, Esq. of 
Arno's-Grove, has been any where described. It approaches 
to rotundifolia, but has much smaller leaves, less cordate at 
the base, and quite glaucous on the under side ; they have 
generally seven longitudinal nerves, but the outer ones are 
soon lost in the margin, and all of them are much less con- 
spicuous in the dried than in the fresh leaf: the petiole 
is shorter than the lamina, and is generally furnished with 
a pair of tendrils. Peduncles not longer than the petioles, 
and for the most part two-flowered. Our plant was a male. 
It is hardy, and of easy culture 


.VjZwbts*, . ; m\ i^sii. 

( 1847 ) 


-$-$"$•$- & %%•-% %-%■'& $•<$--$• %■% fc $ Jjt- 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. simplex vel duplex. Cor. irregularis vel subregularis. 
Caps. 2-valvis, 2-locularis : dissepimentum valvis contrariura : 
retinaculis seminum uncinulatis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 
*** Calyce simplici, corollis bilahiatis : labiis divisis. 

Justicia Ecbolium ; spicis terminalibus tetragonis imbricatis, 
bracteis ovalibus foliisque oblongo- ovatis acuminatis, 
galea lineari. Vahl enum. 1. p. 117. Hort. Kew. ed. 
alt. I. p. 36. 

Justicia Ecbolium ; spicis terminalibus tetragonis, bracteis 
ovatis imbricatis ciliatis mucronatis, corollarum galea 
lineari reflexa. Vahl symb.2. p. 14. Willd. Sp.PL 1. 

Justicia Ecbolium ; arborea, foliis lanceolato-ovatis, spicis 
tetragonis, bracteis ovatis ciliatis, corollarum galea re- 
flexa. Sp. PL 20. Fl. Zeyl. 17. Fabr. Helmst. 217. 
Vahl Symb. 1. p. % Lour. Cochin, p. 23. 

Justicia Ecbolium; fruticosa; corollis bilabiatis : labio 
superiore lineari, spicarum bracteis ovalibus cuspidatis 
ciliatis, antheris parallelis. Hort. Kew. ed. l ma ' 1. p. 26. 
Mart. Mill. Diet. n. 16. 

Justicia viridis; foliis oblongis integris, spicis terminalibus 
imbricatis, bracteis ovato-acutis, galea lineari reflexa 
bidentata. Forsk. Descr. p. 5. n. 14. 

Adhatoda spica longissima, florc reflexo. Burm. Zeyl. 7. 
*. 4. /. 1. 

Adhatoda floris labio superiore angustissimo et ad postenora 
reclinato. Tournef. Inst. p. 175. 

Carim-Curini. Hort. Malab. 2. p. 31. t. 20. 

Curini (forte) prima species. Pink. Phyt. t. 171./ 4. 


Ste?n shrubby : branches erect, simple, appearing as if 
jointed from the intumescence just above the insertion of the 
leaves. Leaves opposite, decussate, oval, smooth, pointed at 
both extremities, quite entire, somewhat rigid and recurved. 
Flowers in a terminal four-cornered imbricated spike. Bractes 
oval, ciliated, terminated with a soft mucro, turning purple 
towards the point. Calyx 4-parted : leaflets subulate, finely 
pubescent. Tube of corolla long curved : limb bilabiate : 
upper lip linear, emarginate, bent back : lower lip 3-lobed : 
middle lobe broader oval than the lateral ones. The corolla 
is white, but changes to a pale green in fading ; scentless. 
Stamens two : filaments inserted into the superior part of the 
tube : anthers parallel. Germen conical, supported on a 
fleshy receptacle : style the length of the tube : stigma 

Linnaeus, who has described only twenty species in his 
Species Plantarium, divided these into two genera, naming 
one Dianthera from the circumstance of each filament bear- 
ing two anthers, one above the other; Jacquin and Vahl 
have united them into one genus ; which however is so 
numerous as to require subdivision ; the latter author having 
enumerated no less than one hundred and forty-seven species, 
though he separated the stemless species under the name of 
Elytraria. The first edition of Aiton's Hortus Kewensis 
contains only nine species, and the last but twenty-eight. 

Justicia Ecbolium is a native of the East-Indies. Requires 
to be kept in the stove. Cultivated by Philip Miller in 
1759. Propagated by cuttings. Communicated by John 
Walker, Esq. of Arno's-Grove, in July 1815. Flowers 
most part of the summer. 


( 1848 ) 

Stachytarpheta urticifolia. Nettle- 
leaved Bastard Vervain, 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cat. tubulosus, 4-dentatus. Cor. hypocrateriformis, inae- 
qualis, 5-fida, curva. Slam. 4 : 2 sterilia. Sem. 2. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Stachytarpheta urticifolia ; glabriuscula, foliis ovatis acn- 
tis usque basin serratis, bracteis subulatis calyce adpresso 

Cymburus urticcefolius ; foliorum laminis ovali-lanceolatis, 
nervo medio subtus rare hirto, cseterum glabris : bracteis 
totis adpressis, ovato-acuminatis : calycis dorso edentulo : 
stigmate integro. Parad. Lond. 53. exclusis synonymis. 

Although we consider this to be the same species as is 
figured in the Paradisus Londinensis, under the name of 
Cymburus urticcefolius, yet we believe it to be quite distinct 
irom Stachytarpheta jamaicensis, supposed by Mr. Salis- 
bury to be the same. It is of taller growth, its stalks are 
for less hairy, the leaves less succulent, sharper pointed and 
more acutely sawed, with the serratures continued to the base 
°f the leaf. In jamaicensis the leaves are more succulent, 
broader towards the apex, and quite entire at the lower part ; 
teeth more distant and blunter; it is also less ere^t in its 
growth, and has shorter spikes. In our plant the bractes are 
rather subulate than ovate, with a membranous border at the 
base only; they are shorter than the calyx, to which they are 
closely adpressed their whole length. The calyxes are im- 

bedded in a deep groove in the peduncle : the outer teeth of 
the calyx are larger than the inner, which they entirely con- 
ceal. It has two fertile stamens ; and we could not detect 
any steril filaments. 

Communicated by John Walker, Esq. who sent it under 
the name of Verbena violacea. Flowers in the stove most 
part of the year. Propagated by cuttings. 

We are not certain of what country it is a native. 

( 1849 ) 

Stevia Eupatoria. Hemp- Agrimony-like 


**** * ****** **** 

Class and Order. 

Syngenesia Polygamia ^Equalis. 

Generic Character. 

Reeept. nudum. Pappus paleaceus. Cal. cylindraceus, 
ex simplici foliolorum serie. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Stevia Eupatoria; herbacea, foliis lanceolatis planis in 

petiolum attenuatis trinerviis apice obsolete subserratis, 

corymbis fastigiatis, pappo paleaceo et aristato. Willd. 

Enum. 854. Idem in Mag. d. Gesells. Naturf. Fr. z. 

Berl. 1807. p. 138. 
Stevia Eupatoria ; herbacea foliis lanceolatis trinerviis inte- 

gerrimis, corymbo fastigiato, pappo paleaceo et aristato. 

WUld. Sp. PL 1775. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 4. p. 510. 
Mustelia Eupatoria. Sprengel in Linnean Soc. Trans, v. 6, 

p. 152. t 13. 

The late Professor Willdenow, in his Enumeration of 
the Plants of the Berlin Garden, has a species that he calls 
purpurea, nearly allied to Eupatoria, but which, he says, 
differs in having channelled leaves and purple flowers. The 
corollas in our plant are tinged with purple on the outside 
and are white within ; but then its leaves are flat ; they are 
thiee-nerved on the under and dotted on both sides, quite 
entire at the upper part of the plant, but the lower ones 
are s6mewhat sawed at the apex. The leaves in our speci- 
mens were rather oblong-ovate than lanceolate ; but, as we 
have seen others with longer leaves, we can hardly consider 
our plant as different from Eupatoria. 

The specimen, from which our drawing was taken, was 
communicated by the late Mr, Donn, of the Cambridge 
Garden, who said he found it to be a hardy herbaceous per- 
ennial. Native of Mexico. Flowers in August and September. 




BM.iv.S.C -.iTiiSl?. 


?'Ak S.Cu.rtU.'WcuM-^Tih. 5cp.cV r.iJio". 

( 1850 ) 
Hallia imbricata. Imbricated Hallia. 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 
Cat. 5-partitus, regularis. Legumen 1-spermum, bivalve. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Hallia imbricata ; foliis cordato-ovatis convolutis imbricatis, 
floribus axillaribus sessilibus. Thunb. Prodr. p. 131. 
Willd. Sp. PL v. 3. p. 1170. 

Hedysarum imbricatum. Thunb. in Nov. Act. Upsal. v. 6. 
p. 42. t. 1. Suppl. PI. p. 330. 

This very rare plant, not recorded in the last edition of 
the Hortus Kewensis, was communicated by Messrs. Lod- 
mges and Sons, in August 1813. 

Native of the Cape of Good-Hope ; represented by Thun- 
berg as growing among grass., upon very slender stems, but 
erect at the upper part. 

In our specimen, the stem was firmer, and had more the 
appearance of a low shrub. Leaves imbricated toward the 
extremities of the branches, ciliated with strong hairs along 
the margin and the mid -rib, and terminated with a soft mucro ; 
they were mostly folded together, partly concealing the flower, 
which was solitary, axillary, and nearly sessile. We know of 
no figure but the one in the New Upsal Transactions, above 
quoted. Jacquin, in the second volume of the Hortus 
Schoenbrunnensis, has given the figure of a very nearly -allied 
species, under the name of Glycine monophylla ; but which 
is certainly not the plant so called by Linnaeus. Jacquin's 
plant, though in many respects similar, we take to be a 
distinct species from ours, having its stalks entirely prostrate, 
leaves more distant, and not folded upon the flower. Pro- 
pagated by seeds. 

( 1851 ) 
Zamia integri folia. Dwarf Zamia. 

CZass and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Masc. Amentum strobiliforme. Cal. squama obovata. 
Cor. 0. Anth. globosae, rima dehiscentes, in squama sessiles. 

Fem. Amentum strobiliforme. Cal. squamaB peltatee. 
Cor. 0. Germina 2. Styli 0. Baccee 2, 1-spermae. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Zamia integrifolia ; frondibus pinnatis : foliolis lanceolatis 
rotundato-obtusis basi attenuates latere exteriore ad 
apicem serrulatis, stipite glabro subtetragono. Willd. 
Sp. PI. 4. p. 847. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 5. p. 410. 

Zamia integrifolia. Jacq. Ic. 3. t. 635. Collect. 3. p. 261. 

Zamia pumila ; frondibus pinnatis : foliolis linearibus obtusis. 
Linn. Sup. 443. Sp. PL 1659. Exclusis synonymis 

Zamia integrifolia is distinguished from media published 
last month, not only by the wider and more obtuse leaflets, 
serrulate at the apex, but also by the smoother footstalk, and 
the acuminated spadix or flowering spike, which in media is 
obtuse without the conical termination. We have not, 
however, seen a sufficient number of specimens to determine, 
if this distinction is to be depended upon or not. 

Communicated by Messrs. Loddiges and Sons, flowering 
in August, which appears to be the usual time with us, 
though Jacquin remarks, that different individuals flowered 
at Vienna at such very different seasons, that it was impos- 
sible to determine its proper period. 

Native of the West-Indies and of East-Florida. Requires 
the heat of the stove. 


wddt nSc - 

( 1852 ) 



Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cat. campanulatus, ampliatus, corolla latior, mucronatus. 
Bractece spinosas. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Moluccella Items ; calycibus campanulatis, quinqueden- 

tatis : dentibus sequalibus muticis, foliis petiolatis sub- 

rotundo-ovatis dentatis. Willd. Sp. PI. 3. p. 129. Enum. 

621. Hort. Kew. ed. alt: 3. p. 411. ' 
Moluccella Icevis ; calycibus cantpamilatis subquinqueden- 

tatis : denticulis sequalibus. Sp. PI. 821. Hort. Upsal. 

172. Kniph. Cent. U. n. 77. Sabb. Hort. 3. t. 45. 

Gcertn. Fruct. 1. 320. t. 66. f. 10. Regn. Bot. 
Molucca la-vis. Dod. Pempt. 92. Ger. Emac. 691./ 5. 

Moris. Hist. 3. p. 380. § 1 1. t. 14. 
Melissa Moluccana odorata. Bank. Pin. 229. 
Melissa Molucca kevis sive Syriaca lae vis. Park.Theatr. 41. 

t. 42. /: 5. 
MoLtcA. Banh. Hist. 3. p. 234. Raj. Hist. 568. Rivin. 

Mon. 64. 
Moluca, Italis, Melissa Constantinopolitana. Cam. Epit. 

Cardiaca Melica, sive Moluca Syriaca minus aspera. Lob. 

Ic. t.bl6. 
Cardiaca Syriaca. Tabern. ed. Germ. 935. 

Moluccella Icevis is an annual plant, and, unless in 
favourable seasons, does not perfect its seeds with us, which 


accounts for its being so rarely met with in our gardens. 
To insure the ripening of its seeds,, Miller directs that it 
should be raised in the autumn, and the young plants pre- 
served through the winter under a frame. In the spring, 
they may be planted in the open air, in a warm situation, 
sheltered from the high winds. These plants, which have 
been preserved through the winter, will flower towards the 
end of June, and may be expected to produce ripe seeds, 
should the weather be at all favourable. 

The calyx in the whole genus is bell-shaped and much 
larger than the corolla, with teeth more or less mucronated : 
in this species they are described as being without mucro ; 
but this is not the fact : the mucro is indeed small, and 
though not pungent when ■ green, becomes so in drying. 
The whorls are generally five-flowered, and under each calyx 
is a bracte of from three to five spines united at the base, 
which, though at first innocuous, become rigid and pungent ; 
these together form an involucre surrounding the stem, 
beneath each whorl. 

Authors differ in their opinion of its scent ; Parkinson 
observes, that the smell thereof is nothing like balm, but 
rather fulsome : to us the scent is very agreeable; as it was to 
John Bauhin. 

Native of Syria. Cultivated by Lob el in 1570. Flowers 
in July and August. Communicated by our kind friend, 
Alexander M'Leay, Esq. 


( 1853 ) 

Rhododendron hirsutum. Hairy 

» jM ♦»*»$♦ ♦♦♦♦**♦*♦♦ 

Class and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-partitus. Cor. subinfundibuliformis. Stam. declinata. 
Caps. 5-locularis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Rhododendron hirsutum ; foliis ellipticis acutiusculis ciliatis 
subtus punctatis, corollis infundibuliformibus. fVilld. 
Sp. PL 2 p. 49. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 3. p. 49. 

Rhododendron hirsutum ; foliis ciliatis hudis, corollis in- 
fundibuliformibus. Sp. PL 562. Mart Mill. Diet. 4. 
J acq. Austr. p. 61. t. 98. Scop. Cam. n. 480. Villars 
Dauph. 3. p. 592. 

Rhododendron foliis ovatis, ciliatis, subtus punctatis. Hall. 
Hist. n. 1016. 

Ledum alpinum hirsutum. Bauh. Pin. 468. Raj. Hist. 1005. 

Ledum alpinum. Clus. Pan. 74. fig-, bona, p. 82. 

Ledum alpinum sive Rosa alpina. Park. Theatr. 77. 

Balsa mum alpinum Gesneri. Lob. Ic. 367. 

Nerium alpinum quibusdam, aliis Ledum hirsutum. Bauh. 
Hist. 2. p. 21 et 22. 

Cistus Ledon alpinum Clusii. Ger. Emac. 

Rhododendron hirsutum and ferrugineum are very much 
alike. By the older Botanists they seem to have been con- 
sidered as varieties only, and are for the most part described 
tog-ether, as the smooth and hairy Mountain Rose. They 
are, however, permanently distinct species. The flowers of 
hirsutum are not so large, and rather less intense in colour 


than those of ferrugin&mn ; nevertheless, a large shrub of 
the former, when covered with blossoms, is a highly orna- 
mental object. 

Native of the Alps of Switzerland, Dauphine, Austria, and 
Stiria. Flowers in May and June. Should be planted in 
peat mould. Propagated by offsets, layers, or seeds, which, 
however, are but rarely perfected with us. As the natural 
situation of these plants is among the rocks on the summits 
of lofty mountains, where they insinuate their roots between 
the crevices of stone, we should recommend a trial of them 
on old walls, which, when such occur, might often be beau- 
tifully decorated by planting them with well-chosen subjects. 

Cultivated by Mr. John Tradescant, jun. in 1656. 
Communicated by John Walker, Esq. of Arno's-Grove. 


( 1854 ) 



♦ »»♦♦♦»» »♦♦♦♦♦♦» ♦> 

Class and Order. 

Tetrandria Monogynia. 
Generic Character. 

Cal. 4-phyllus, dentibus quibusdam interjectis. Cor. 
tubulosa. Anthera inclusa?. Caps, bipartibilis, polysperma. 
Sem. marginata. 

Specific Name and Synonyms. 

Bouvardia triphylla. Salisb. in Parad. Lond. 88. Hort. 

Kew. ed. alt. I. p. 245. 
Houstonia coccinea. Bot. Repos. 106. W'dld. Enum. 156. 
Ixora americana. J acq. Hort. Schcenbr. 3. p. 4. t. 257. 
Ixora ternifolia. Cavanill. Ic. 4. p. 3. t. 305. Gawler 

Recens. Repos. Bot. 10. 

Bouvardia differs from Houstonia in having* the cells of 
its capsule many-seeded,, instead of one seeded ; and from 
Ixora, in its fruit being a capsule not a berry ; besides other 
characters of minor consideration. R. A. Salisbury, Esq. 
gave it its present appellation, in memory of Dr. Charles 
Bouvard, formerly superintendant of the Jardin Royal, at 
Paris. Mr. Salisbury says, that two varieties of this beau- 
tiful shrub are cultivated in some collections about London, 
some with shorter, and the other with longer, leaves. We 
do not remember to have seen any specimens with leaves so 
short as represented in the Paradisus Londinensis. Young 
plants have a broader foliage and flowers more erect, than 
full-grown shrubs ; and there is a variety with pubescent 

It is a native of Mexico, and is generally treated as a 
greenhouse shrub ; but we have known it thrive and blossom 
very well, planted in the open air, in front of the conserva- 
tory, where it was protected from frost by the occasional 
covering of a mat. 

Propagated by cuttings. Introduced in 1794, by the 
Right Hon. Sir Joseph Banks, Bart. K. B. 


( 1855 ) 


♦ ♦ i » ♦ »4Nn i t » ♦ jr ♦ ♦ >» ft » 

Cfass and Order. 
Syngenesia Polygamia Necessaria. 

Generic Character. 

Recept. nudum. Pappus 0. Sew. latissimis marginibus, 
nuda. C«Z. hemisphaericus, subimbricatus. CorolluUe radii 10, 
obsoletae, subtrifidae. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Hippia frutescens; fruticosa, villosa, foliis pinnatifidis, flo- 

ribus corymbosis. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 5. p. 179. Linn. 

Sup. 390. Syst. Veg. 795. Witld. Sp. PI. 3. p. 2382. 

Thunb. Prod. 168. Gaertn. Fruct. 2. p. 390. t. 164, 

/. 6. Martj/n Mill Diet. n. 3. 
Hippia frutescens, Syst. Veg. ed. 13, p. 661. Linn. Mant. 

Tanacetum frutescens ; foliis pinnatifidis : laciniis lanceo- 

latis obtusiusculis integerrimis. Sp. PI. 1182. Berg. 

Cap. 243. Kniph. Cent. 1. n. 88. 
Eriocephalus pectinifolius ; foliis planis pinnatis. Syst. Nat. 

ed. 12. p. 579. 
Tanacetum africanum arborescens, foliis lavendulae multifido 

folio. Commel Hort. 2. p. 201. t. 101. 

It has been the fate of this shrub to puzzle even the 
father of modern Botany, to determine to what genus it 
should be referred. In the Species Plantarum, Linn^us first 
placed it under Tanacetum : in the twelfth edition of the 
Systema Naturae (Vegetab.) he removed it to Eriocephalus : 
and in the thirteenth edition, he remarked, that it had more 
affinity with Iva than with Tanacetum ; but concluding that 
it was distinct from both, he separated it as a genus, and 


gave it the name of Hippia, under which it has been since 
generally recognized. 

It is a native of the Cape of Good-Hope ; may be con- 
sidered as a hardy greenhouse shrub. Propagated by 
cuttings. Flowers early in the spring, and continues in 
succession most part of the summer. It was cultivated at 
Chelsea in 1710. Communicated by John Walker, Esq. 
of Arno's-Grove. 



•St OttVuSig. 

( 1856 ) 
Gentiana incarnata. Lyons's Gentian. 

C/ass *mtZ Order. 
Pentandria Digynia. 

Generic Character. 
Cor. 1-petala. Caps. 2-valvis, 1-locularis : receptaculis 2, 


Specific Character. 

Gentiana incarnata ; corollis aggregatis terminalibus dolii- 
formibus : ore lacero ineequali, foliis ovalibus, pctiolis 

This hitherto undescribed species of Gentian is a native 
of Carolina, from whence it was brought, by Mr. Lyons, 
about three years since. It has a near affinity with G. 
Saponaria and ochroleuca, before published, especially with 
the latter ; but the flowers are smaller and blush -coloured, 
the segments of the calyx longer, and the limb of the corolla 
is more unequally divided. 

The leaves, in a vigorous plant, before the time of flower- 
ing, are of a deep green ; the yellow and purple tinge of the 
leaves in the plant from which our drawing was taken, waB 
probably owing to having been kept too dry. 

A hardy perennial. Flowers in October. Communicated 
by Mr. William Kent, from his collection at Clapton. 


( 1857 ) 
Cleome pubescens. Villous Cleome. 

Class find Order. 
Tetradynamia Siliquosa. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. 4-phyllus. Petala 4. Stam. 4 — 40. Siliqna 1-loca* 
Wj\ bivalvis polysperma. Semina exalbuminosa. Brows. 

Specific Character* 

Cleome pubescens ; floribus hexandris, staminfbus basi 
stipitis insertis, bracteis oblongo-cordatis simplicibus, 
calycibus reilexis, siliquis pendulis. 

Descr. Whole plant, more especially the stem, clothed 
with a fine pubescence. Root annual. Stem simple, erect 
Leaves digitate : leaflets five or seven, lanceolate-ovate, 
ribbed underneath with parallel veins. Flowers in a simple 
raceme, white : claws of the petal shorter than the lamina. 
Stamens six, inserted into the lower part of the stipes or 
footstalk of the germen, and not into the middle of it, as in 
Cleome peniaphylla : filaments naturally long, ascendant, 
and of a bright purple colour ; but in the specimen from 
which our drawing was taken unfortunately abortive, a 
defect not observed till the plate was ready for publication. 
Bractes simple cordate. Siliqua very long, and hanging 

For this, as it appears to us, un described species of 
Cleome, we are indebted to our friend Robert Barclay, 
Esq. of Bury-Hill, who raised it from seeds he received from 
Paris ; but its native country is unknown to us. 

Flowers in July. Requires to be raised in the stove or 
hot-bed, and to be kept constantly under shelter. It pro- 
duced and ripened seeds, however, with us, in an airy 
apartment, without artificial warmth. 

Ml858. S.CuA-ti,.Wal«onK.Oct: 11816. 

( 1858 ) 

slderoxylon mite. l.ance-leaved 
Iron -Wood. 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cor. 5-fida. Nect, in plerisque 5-phyllum, Stigma simplex. 
Bacca 5-sperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Sideroxylon mite ; inerrae, foliis perennantibus lanceolatis 

acutis, pedunculis teretibus brevissimis aggregatis gim- 

plicibus compositisque. 
Sideroxylon mite ; inermc floribus sessilibus. Syst . Veget. 

232. mild. I. 1089? 
Sideroxydon mite. Jacq. Collect. 2. p. 249. certo certius, 

excluso synonymo Milled. 
Scleroxylon mite, Willd. Enum. p. 249. diversa videtuy 

ob flores solitarios huic ascriptos. 

Prom the want of an adequate description, it is uncertain 
whether this be 'the Sideroxyeon mite of Linnaeus or not, we 
have no doubt, however, but that it is the plant described 
under that name, by Jacquin, in his Collectanea, above 
quoted. The leaves arc lanceolate, acute, quite entire, 
alternate, of a deep shining- green on the upper, paler and 
smooth on the under side, petioles short, of a purple colour. 
Peduncles axillary, aggregate, rounded, very short, some 
simple and one-flowered, others branched and many-flowered. 
Corolla white, without nectaria. Filaments somewhat shorter 
than the corolla, white : anthers yellow. Germen roundish ; 
stigma simple, obtuse, sessile, green. In all which charac- 
ters it agrees exactly with Jacquins description. From 


melanophlceum, for which species it has been generally 
taken in our gardens, it differs, in that this last has obtuse 
leaves, square peduncles, which, with the calyx and corolla, 
are of a flesh colour, and a divided stigma ; in which respect 
Jacquin remarks, that S. melanophlcewn recedes from the 
character of the genus. 

Willpenow, in his Enumeration of the Plants in the 
Royal Botanical Garden at Berlin, has separated from the 
genus Sideroxylon those species which want the nectarium, 
under the name of Scleroxylum ; but that which he calls 
mite can hardly be intended for our plant, as he ascribes to it 
solitary and lateral flowers. 

A handsome evergreen greenhouse shrub. Native of the 
Cape of Good Hope, Propagated by cuttings. Flowers in 
June and July. Communicated by Messrs. Loddiges and 

Fttl-lrf. S-CurtU JTobl 

( 1859 ) 

Cylista albiflora. White-flowered 

» $+$ » $ | » frf j | M| » j j p $ $. $, 
Cftm and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cat. 4-fidus, corolla major : lacinia suprema apice bifida* 
yel emarginata ; infima maxima. Cor. persistens. Legumen 

Specific Character. 

Cylista albifl&ra ; ferrugineo-pubescens, calycibus semiquin- 
quefidis : laciniis subaequalibus, bracteis ovatis acuminatis, 
corollis calyce majoribus. 

Descr. Stem climbing, covered with a rust colour, as 
is in some degree the whole plant. Leaves ternate, petioled : 
leaflets ovate-acuminate ; apex elongated by a very narrow 
acumen, veined. Stipules lanceolate-acuminate! Racemes 
axillary, in our specimen divided. Flowers looking all one 
wav > yellowish white. Bractes membranaceous, rust- coloured, 
ovate-acuminate, deciduous. Calyx divided half-way down 
into five nearly equal segments, that is, the upper segment is 
divided very nearly as deeply as the other three ; the lower 
segment is somewhat but not much longer than the rest. 
Corolla papilionaceous ; vexillum orbicular, emarginate, 
with two teeth at the base of the lamina : al<B small, with 
one tooth at the base. Carina very much curved at the 
point, consisting of two petals not united, except for a 
small space near the middle. Stamens diadelphous, 1 — 9 ; 


anthers globular. Germen ovate, hairy ; style hairy ; stigma 

Communicated by Aylmer Burke Lambert, Esq. from 
his collection at Boyton, who raised it from seeds he re- 
ceived from the Isle of France. Requires to be kept in the 


Iu which the Latin Names of the Plants contained in the Forty- 
Third Volume are alphabetically arranged. 


1827 Acacia longifolia. 
1808 Acanthus spinosus (/3). 

1810 Allium stellatum(/3). 
1822 Anchusa capensis. 

1844 Berckheya grandiflora. 
1798 Borago laxillora. 
1854 Bouvardia triphylla. 
1820 Bryonia quinqueloba. 
1836 Buphtbalmum sericeum. 
1831 Calla palustris. 

1811 Callicoma serratifolia. 
1835 Capsicum bicolor. 
1829 Cassia ligustrina. 

1789 Cerastium amplexicaule. 

1845 Cerbera Manghas. 
1786 Cineraria aurita. 
1782 Cistus laevipes. 
1803 Cistus sampsucifolius. 
1857 Cleome pubescens. 
1816 Clematis cordata. 
1834 Clerodendrum fragraus. 
1805 Clerodendrum viscosum. 

1813 Commersonia platy phylla. 

1771 Crassula lactea. 
1859 Cylista albiflora. 

1800 Cyrtopodium Andersonii. 

1814 Cyrtopodium Woodfordii. 
1791 Delphinium urceolatum. 
1775 Dianthus atrorubens. 
1796 Diervilia humilis. 

1828 Digitalis ferruginea. 

1772 Echium fruticosum,(j3.) minor. 
1826 Echium rubrum. 

1773 Elichrysum splendens. 
1793 Erica Blandfordiana. 

1815 Erica flava, (|3.) imbricata. 
1 842 Gardenia radicans. 

1841 Gardenia Randia. 

1856 Gentiana incarnata. 

1802 Gnaphalium fruticans. 

1850 IJallia imbricata. 

1837 Heliotropium indicum. 

1855 Hippia frutescens. 

1785 Jasminum Sambac, (y.) trifoliat. 

1790 Ipomcea insignis. 




Justicia Ecbolium. 
Lagasca mollis. 
Leptospermum grandifolium. 
Lythrum alatum. 
Mesembryanthemum albidum. 
Metrosideros saligna. 
Moluccella laevis. 
Myoporum dcbile. 
Nerium odorum (/3). 
Nicotiana quadrivalvis. 
Nycterium amazonium. 
Pasonia officinalis. 
Phlomis fruticosa. 
Phyteuma Scheuchzeri. 
Podophyllum peltatum. 
Polyanthes tuberosa. 
Polygala speciosa. 
Pomaderris lanigera. 
Psidium cordatum. 
Punica Granatum. 
Rhododendron hirsutum. 
Rhus Toxicodendron, (a.) vulg. 
Rivina humilis. 
Rosa gallica, (fi.) versicolor. 
Rubus rosa;folius, (j3.) coi oiiar. 
Sagittaria lancifolia. 
Salvia bicolor. 
Sedum oppositifolium. 
Sempervivum villosum. 
Sideroxylon mite. 
Smilax glauca. 
Stachytarpheta urticifolia. 
Stapelia gemmiflora,(/3.) 
Stapelia maculosa. 
Stevia Eupatoria. 
Stobaea pinnata. 
Symphitum tauricum. 
Thalictrum aquilegifolium. 
Valeriana montana,(j3.) rotundi- 

Verbascum bipinnatilidum. 
Viola altaica. 
Viola cucullata. 
Zamia integrifolia. 
Zamia media.