Skip to main content

Full text of "Curtis's botanical magazine."

See other formats


Botanical Magazine: 




The most Ornamental Foreign Plants,, cultivated in the Open 
Ground, the Green -House,, and the Stove, are accurately 
represented in their natural Colours. 


Their Names, Class, Order, Generic and Specific Characters, according 

to the celebrated Linn^tjs ; their Places of Growth, 

and Times of Flowering ; 

Together with the most approved Methods of Culture. 


Intended for the Use of such Ladies, Gentlemen, and Gardeners, as wish 
to become scientifically acquainted with the Plants they cultivate. 


Fellow of the Royal and Linnean Societies. 


Being the Second of the New Series. 

The Flowers, which grace their native beds, 
Awhile put forth their blushing heads, 
But, e'er the close of parting day, 
They wither, shrink, and die away : 
But these, which mimic skill hath made, 
Nor scorched by suns, nor killed by shade, 
Shall blush with less inconstant hue, 
Which art at pleasure can renew. Lloyd. 

■«■ ' i i - 


Printed by Stephen Couchman, Throgmorton-Street. 

Published by Sherwood, Neely, & Jones, 20, Paternoster- Row / 

And Sold by the principal Booksellers in Great-Britain and Ireland. 



P-i. ly S. Mb . Walynr th Teh. 


( I860 ) 

frfr frf trf ♦♦%♦♦$ f ffr fc^ 

Class and Order. 


Generic Ciiaracter. 

Cal. tubulosus, 4-dentatus. Cor. hypoerateriformis, inaj* 
qualis, 5-fida, curva. Stam. 4 : 2 sterilia. Sent. 2. 

Specific Character and Sj/no?zj/ms. 

Stachytarpheta jamaicensis ; foliis oblon go --ovatis sursum 
dentato-serratis basi elongato-integerrimis, bracteis ovatis 
calyce brevioribus. 

Stachytarpheta jamaicensis ; foliis oblongo -ovatis dentato- 
serratis glabris, ramis hirtis, bracteis ovatis calyce bre- 
vioribus. Vahl Enum. 1. p. 206. Hort. Kern. ed. alt. I. 
p. 46, excluso synonymo Salisburii. 

Verbena jamaicensis ; diandra, spicis Iongissimis carnosis 
nudis, foliis spathulato-ovatis serratis, caule hirto. Jacq. 
Obs. 4. p. 6. t. 85. Syst. Veg. 66. Willd. Sp. PL 1. 
p. 115. Mart. Mill. Diet. n. 3. 

Verbena folio subrotundo serrato, flore caeruleo. Sloane 
Hist, t 171./ 1. 

Valerianelloides. Boerh. Lugd. alt. 2. p. 270, 

This plant is altogether more robust and of lower growth 
than Stachytarpheta urticijblia, No. 1848, its leaves are 
more fleshy, more coarsely and bluntly sawed, and quite en- 
tire from a little below the middle, with their base gradually 
elongated into a footstalk. The stems and branches, we 
observe, vary with respect to hairiness ; the pubescence in 
the plant from which our drawing was taken was hardly visible 
to the naked eye. We have not seen any cilise at the base of 


the leaf, a character first added in the 13th edition of the 
Systema Vegetabilium, by Gmelin, and continued both in 
Reichard's and Willdenow's editions of the Species Plan- 

That our plant is the same as that described and figured 
by Jacquin, in his Observations, above quoted, we see no 
reason to doubt ; at the same time, the figure of Stachytar- 
pheta dichotoma, in the Flora Peruviana, hardly differs in 
any other respect than the greater hairiness of the stem and 

This plant, though shrubby, seldom lives more than two 
or three years. Is propagated by cuttings. Being a native 
of the West-Indies, it requires to be kept in the the stove, 
during the winter at least. Communicated by Messrs. Lod 
diges and Sons. Flowers most part of the summer. 


***f*&*mMam~*..Tb* 13A 

{ 1861 ) 

Stevia hyssopi folia. Hyssop-leaved 

Class and Order. 
Syngenesia Polygamia JEquALis. 

Generic Character. 

tlecept. nudum. Pappus paleaceus. Calyx cylindraceus, 
<?x simplici foliorum serie. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Stevia hyssopifolia ; foliis oblongo-ovatis integerrimis, co- 

rymbis patentibus, pappo aristato corollam aequante. 
Stevia hyssopifolia. Herbar. Banks. 

This species of Stevia is different from any that has been 
noticed by Professor Cavanilles. It was brought from 
Spain by Lady Holland,, some years ago, and our drawing 
was taken at Holland-House. A specimen of the same plant 
was sent to Sir Joseph Banks, and is preserved in his Her- 
barium, under the title which we have adopted. 

We suppose it to be a native of Mexico, and, as well as 
Stevia Eupatoria, may be considered as a hardy herbaceous 
perennial. Flowers in August and September. 


m.1y. S. 6.u-tu.'W a j. m ,,.i\.K c .. 

( 1862 ) 

Phyllanthus turbinatus. Shining -leaved 

f fr Mfc » ♦ ♦» ft ♦ ♦♦ ♦ ♦ jE 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Masc. Ca/. 6-partitus. Cor. 0. Filam. columnare. Anth.3. 

Pem. C«Z. 6-partitus. Co?'. 0. Nect. margo 12-angulatus. 
Styli 3. Caps. 3-eocca. 

Specific Character. 

Phyllanthus turbinatus ; foliis simplicibus orbiculato-ovatis 
lucidis, floribus axillaribus ; masculis turbinatis nutan- 

Descr. Stem shrubby. Branches angular, alternate, 
zig-zag. Leaves simple, alternate, on very short petioles, 
round-oval, smooth and shining bright green on the upper 
surface ; minutely tomentose, and pale, on the under. Stipules 
two, small, acute. Peduncles axillary, both aggregate and 
solitary, nodding. Male flower. Calyx top-shaped ; limb 
six-cleft, inflected. Filament columnar, capitate ; anthers 
three, oblong, affixed to the side of the column. Female. 
Calyx rotate ; limb six-cleft ; segments rounded, spreading. 
Germen globular, obscurely three-cornered. Styles three, 
spreading, with bifid extremities. 

Our drawing was taken some years ago, at the collection 
of the right honourable Charles Greville, at Paddington. 
But, as at that time we had not an opportunity of seeing 
the original, our description was taken from a recent speci- 

men, sent us in July last, by Robert Barclay, Esq. of 
Berry -Hill, who raised it from seeds received from China. 

The leaves in the specimen were not near so large as in 
Mr. Greville's plant, from which our drawing* was taken. 
The male flowers, for the most part, grew two, or three, 
from the same axil, and the female flowers solitary, contrary 
to what is seen in the drawing ; but sometimes both a male 
and female flower grew from the same axil. 

In Dr. Kosnig'b manuscripts, in the possession of Sir 
Joseph Banks, we lind the description of a species of 
Phylianthus, with the name of turbinatus affixed to it. It 
is a native of the East-Indies, and if not the same species as 
the one now treating of, is very nearly allied to it. 

Fig. 1 . Represents a perpendicular section of the male flower, shewing the 
inflection of the segments of the calyx and the situation of the anthers. 

Fig. 2. The columnar filament with two of the three anthers. 

Fig. 3. A front view of a female flower, shewing the spreading segments 
of the calyx, the three styles, and bifid stigmas. 


( 1863 ) 

Anemone pratensis (/3.) obsoleta. Pale- 
flowered Meadow Pasque-flower, 


Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 
Cal 0. Petala 6 — 9. Sem. plura. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

** Pulsatillas, pedunculo involucrato, seminibus caudatis. 

Anemone pratensis ; petalis apice reflexis, foliis bipinnatis. 

Willd. Sp. PL 2. p. 1274. Hort. Kern. ed. alt. 3. p. 337. 
(a.)Jlore nigricante, foliis tenuiter dissectis. 
Anemone pratensis. Flor. Dan. t. 611. 
Pulsatilla flore minore nigricante. Bauh. Pin. 177. Helw. 

Pulsat. p. 66. t. 17. 
((3.) flore majore pallido, pinnularum lobis latioribus aristatis. 
Pulsatilla flore clauso obsolete, petalis reflexis. Helming 

Pulsat. p. 65. t. 11. 

Anemone Pulsatilla, the Common Pulsatilla, or Pasque- 
flower, varies considerably in size and in colour. Anemone 
pratensis is distinguished by having smaller flowers, of a very 
deep purple colour approaching to black, the petals of which 
never fully expand, but are reflected at the tips only. The 
leaves of the latter kind are described as being more finely 
cut. There is a figure of this in Helwing's Monograph on 
the Pulsatilla, which appears to us to be better than that in 
the Flora Danica. 

Our plant resembles the above in the form but not in the 
colour of the flower, which is likewise larger. The segment 


of the leaflets arc considerably wider,, and are terminated with 
a bristle or arista. We do not find that it is mentioned in 
any modern author, nor by any of the older Botanists, except 
by Helwing, whose figure, above quoted, we think, is 
undoubtedly intended for the same. He received it from 
Breynius, who represents it as being very common, though 
not noticed by any preceding author ; and says, it differs 
from the black - flowered species, more especially, in the 
larger size and paler colour of the flower, and its larger and 
broader leaves. 

From the more compounded as well as wider leaves,, 
composing the involucre, perhaps we might, with propriety, 
have considered this a distinct species from pratensis ; but 
recollecting how very much Anemone Pulsatilla varies in 
regard to the size of the flowers and leaves, especially in 
cultivation, we thought it safer to rank it as a variety only 
of pratensis. 

A hardy perennial. Flowers in May. Communicated by 
Mr. Biggs, Curator of the Botanic Garden at Cambridge ; 
who informed us, that it has been several years in the 
garden, but that it never opened its blossoms more than aa 
represented in our figure. 


iul.iy. S.Cu rtl t.'VJtwi) r&JT< rZ j_i8rf. 

( 1864 ) 
Chelone major. Lyons's Chelone. 

■f #~ #• *■ %-%■ *■ ^- & * *• * ♦■ #• *• #■ ♦'♦ fr 
Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-partitus. Cor. ringens, ventricosa. Rudimentum 
filamenti quinti inter suprema stamina,, glabrum. Caps. 2- 

Specific Character. 

Chelone major ; foliis petiolatis patentibus cordato-acumi- 
natis subtus tomentosis, spicis axillaribus terminalibusque 
saepius aggregatis. 

This undescribed species of Chelone was introduced by 
the late Mr. Lyons, from Carolina. It diners from Chelone 
obliqua in its greater size, longer horizontal petioles, broader 
and more cordate leaves, tomentose underneath, and peach- 
blossom coloured flowers ; but more especially in the number 
of spikes, which grow from the axils of the leaves as well 
as at the extremities of the branches, and are frequently 
crowded several together. The rudiment of the fifth filament 
is not half the length of the others, and perfectly smooth ; 
in obliqua we have sometimes found them hairy at the base. 

It is considered as a hardy perennial, and maybe pro- 
pagated by dividing its roots. Flowers in August and Sep- 
tember. Communicated by Mr. Lambert, from Boy ton, and 
Mr. William Kent, of Clapton. 



j."b.T>/.i". CiL-*tLs . Tfal-wn-A, . 2fav.i.2i3iS. 


( 1865 ) 

Nerium coronarium Broad-leaved 

C7#ss «wd Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Contorta. FoUiculi 2, erecti. Sem. plumosa. Cor. tubus 
terminatus corona Iacera. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Nerium coronarium ; foliis ellipticis, pedunculis ex dichoto* 

mia ramorum geminis bifloris. Hort. Kew. ed. I**- 1. 

p. 297. mild. Sp. PL 1. p. 1236. Mart. Mill. Diet. 

n. 8. Pers. Syn. 1. p. 269. 
Nerium coronarium ; foliis lanceolatis, caule dichotomo, 

pedunculis unifloris, ex ramorum dichotomia geminis. 

Jacq. Collect. I. p. 138. Ic Rar. 1. t. 52. 
TABERNiEMONTANA coronaria ; foliis ellipticis, pedunculis ex 

dichotomia ramorum geminis. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 2. 

p. 72. 
Jasminum zeylanicurn, folio oblongo, flore albo pleno odora- 

tissimo. Burm. Zeyl. p. 129. t. 59. 
Flos Manilhanus. Rumph. Amb. 4. p. 87. t. 39. 
Nandi-Ervatam major. Hort. Malab. 2. p. 105. t. 54. 
Nerium divaricatum. Willd. Sp. PL 1. p. 1236. ex aucto- 

ritate Dryandri in Horto Kewensi. 
Apocynum zeylanicurn indicum frutescens Nerii flore candi- 

dissimo. Herm. Parad. p. 40. 

In the first edition of Aiton's Hortus Kewensis, Dr. So- 
lander associated this plant with the genus Nerium; but 


noted in his manuscript account of it preserved in the Bank- 
sian library, that he was led to do this from its habit and 
sweet-scented flowers, though he could not detect any crown 
at the end of the tube, and was consequently uncertain whe- 
ther it properly belonged to this genus or not. 

Since the publication of the Hortus Kewensis, this fine 
shrub has been universally arranged with Nerium, till the 
publication of the last edition of this work*, where we find it 
removed to Taben,e Montana. This appears to have been 
done upon the information of Dr. Buchanan, that it was 
really a species of that genus. The authority is certainly 
good ; but as at present all the genera of the natural family 
of Contortae are not satisfactorily settled ; we are jealous that 
in a revision of the order it will come to be again removed 
from TabernjEmontana. We think it best therefore, for 
the present, to retain the name by which it is already known 
to botanists in geneial. 

Native of the East-Indies. Requires the protection of the 
stove. Cultivated in 1770 by Mr. James Gordon. Com- 
municated by John Walker., Esq. of Arno's Grove. 


t*Mf & l*wti* .Val-wt-'A.Jirc i 

( 1866 ) 

Mesejmbryanthemum depressum. Depressed 
Tongue Fig-Marigold. 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cat. 5-fidus. Petala numerosa, linearia, basi cohaerentia. 
Caps, carnosa infera, polysperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Mesembryanthemum depressum; subacaule, foliis linguae- 

formibus obtusis humi valde adpressis pallide viridibus. 

Haworth Misc. Nat. p. 34. ejusd. Succul. p. 221. liorl. 

Kern. ed. alt. 3. p. 219. 
Mesembryanthemum folio linguiformi angustiore. Hort. 

Eltham, 237. t. 184. /. 226. 

Mr. Haworth has for many years paid great attention to 
this extensive genus, and his names and characters have been 
almost entirely adopted in the new editions of the Hortus 
Kewensis. We cannot but suspect, however, that this 
gentleman has made species of what, in many cases, had 
been better considered as varieties only. But as culti- 
vators can alone determine, by careful observation, what are 
permanently distinct species, and as Mr. Haworth has him- 
self been a considerable cultivator of these plants, we cannot 
do better, perhaps, at present, than to adhere to his names. 
We find, however, a great difficulty, in the present instance, 
in determining to which our present plant belongs. Mr. 
George Graves, to whom we are indebted for the com- 
munication of this plant, and who possesses a large number 


of the species, is persuaded that it was propagated from an 
individual, named longum, by Mr. Haworth himself; but if 
it be really his longum, then the length of the peduncle can 
afford no character : for he expressly says, the peduncle is 
longer than the calyx ; and in the figures which he, doubtingly 
indeed, quotes, they are represented as much longer. We 
consider the figure of Dillenius, quoted as a synonym of 
depressumj, as pretty certainly belonging to our plant, though 
the flower is not quite sessile, as in our figure, and we have 
been thence induced to determine its name. 
- We have, however, strong suspicions, that nearly the 
whole section will be found, if propagated by seed, to run 
into one another, which will bring us back to rank them 
all as varieties of linguiforme, as Linnaeus has done. 

We are informed by Mr. George Graves, that it is not 
very shy of flowering in the summer time, and that the 
blossoms expand in the forenoon, if the sun shine ; but in 
cloudy weather, not at all. The leaves are remarkably brittle, 
and, when viewed through a lens, are observed to be covered 
with minute pellucid dots. Flowers in July and August. 

( 1867 ) 

Hypericum olympicum (/3.) lati folium. 

Broad-leaved Olympian St. John's 


Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-partitus. Petala 5. Filamenla multa, in quinque 
phalanges basi connata. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Hypericum olympicum; trigynum, calycinis foliolis insequa- 
Jibus ovato-acuminatis integerrimis, staminibus corolla 
brevioribus, foliis elliptico-lanceolatis scssilibus pellucido- 
punctatis. Smith Exot. Bot. 2. p. 71. t. 96. 

Hypericum olympicum; floribus trigynis, calicibus acutis, 
staminibus corolla brevioribus, caule fruticoso. Sp. PL 
1102. Reich. 3. p. 592. Hort. Cliff. 380. Mill. Icon. 
t. 151. / 1. Mart. Mill. Diet. n. 14. 

Hypericum olympicum. Willd. Sp. PL 3. p. 1446. Hort. 
Kew. ed. alt. 4. p. 422. 

Hypericum Montis Olympi. Wheeler Itin. 222. Dilhn. 
Elth. 182. t. 151. fig. 183. Raj. Hist. 1017. 

Hypericum orientale flore magno. Tournef. Cor. 19. 
(«.) foliis angustioribus, floribus paucis subcongestis. 
(PO foliis latioribus floribus plurimis subdichotome corym- 

This is a very handsome species of Hypericum ; it more 
usually bears fewer flowers, and, except one or two, on very 
short footstalks, and leaves, sometimes, considerably smaller 
than those of the common St. John's Wort. But we have 


seen specimens with leaves of every intermediate size ; so 
that the difference is probably the mere effect of cultivation, 

Native of the Levant. Sufficiently hardy, in a warm 
sheltered situation, to survive our winters out of doors ; but, 
as it is liable to be destroyed by severe cold, it is proper to 
preserve some plants under a frame. Propagated by parting 
the roots in the autumn ; or, if raised from seed, which are 
rarely ripened with us, Miller directs that they should be 
sown in light earth soon after they are ripe, and placed under 
a frame during the winter. In the spring the plants will 
appear, and, when fit to remove, may be planted in a warm 

Flowers in July till September. Cultivated in Chelsea- 
Garden, in 1706. Communicated by Messrs. Whitley, 
Brame, and Milne. 


iVi .tr.S.&vrtis. Wa*w0v.D«0.l.3«i£ 

( 1868 ) 

Melaleuca thymifolia, Thyme-leaved 

4 i % ft ♦ >"#"t # %£♦ ♦'$& £ 

CZass and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Staminum phalanges 5, petalis opposita, elongate. ^w£A. 
incumbentes. Caps. 3-locularis, polysperma, connata et in- 
clusa calycis tubo incrassato basi adnato (ramo). Brown. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Melaleuca thymifolia ; foliis oppositis lanceolatis enervibus, 
spicis paucifloris, phalangibus polyandris : unguibus intus 
medium usque ramosis. Br. in Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 4. 
p. 414. 

Melaleuca thymifolia ; foliis oppositis elliptico-lanceolatis 
enerviis, ramulis floriferis lateralibus brevissimis pauci- 
floris, filamentis medium usque ramosis. Smith in Linn. 
Trans. 3. p. 278. Exotic Bot. 1. p. 69. t. 36. Willd. 
Sp. PL 3. p. 1432. 

Melaleuca gnidiaefolia. Venten. Malmais. 4. 

Melaleuca coronata. Bot. Repos. 278. 

Metrosideros calycina ; foliis oppositis enerviis punctatis 
lanceolatis, calycibus persistentibus. Cav. Ic. 4. p. 20. 
t. 336. f. 2. infructu. 

The Melaleuca thymifolia was first recorded by our 
friend Sir James Edward Smith, in the third volume of the 
Transactions of the Linnean Society. It is an elegant little 
shrub, with delicate branches, which take an elegant form. 
The flowers are not produced in great abundance, but are 


scattered here and there in small spikes over the whole plant, 
and from their singular form and fine purple colour, varying 
much in intensity in different specimens, make a very pleasing 
appearance. The leaves, which also vary considerably in 
width, are studded all over with minute pellucid glands, con- 
taining an aromatic essential oil. 

A greenhouse shrub. Native of New South-Wales, where 
it was first collected by the Right Hon. Sir Joseph Banks, 
Bart. K. B. Flowers all the summer. Propagated by cut- 
tings. Introduced in 1792, by Mr. John Fairbairn. Com- 
municated by Mr. Joseph Knight, of the Exotic Nursery, 


x ( 1869 ) 
Cineraria sibirica. Siberian Cineraria. 

$ $$ t > $$% ju f i ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ '♦ ■ ♦'.♦ 

C7ass awd Order. 
Syngenesia Polygamia Superflua. 

Generic Character. 

Recept. nudum. Pappus simplex. Calyx simplex, poly- 
phyllus, aequalis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Cineraria sibirica ; racemo simplici, foliis cordatis obtusis 

denticulatis laevibus, caule simplicissimo monophyllo. 

Spec. PL 1242. Willd. 3. p. 2079. Waldst. et Kitaib. 

Hung. 1. p. 15. t. 16. Hort. Kew. alt. 5. p. 73. 
Cineraria sibirica. Picot-Lapey rouse Flor. Pyren. I. p. 5. 

t. 7. ?. 
Othonna foliis cordatis, caule subnudo simplicissimo. Hort. 

Upsal. 273. 
Jacob^eastrum cacaliae folio Gmelini. Amm. Ruth. n. 221. 

Solidago foliis cordatis, subrotundis, dentatis, petiolatis. 

Gmel. Sib. 2. p. 169. 
JacobjEa orientalis cacaliae folio. Tourn. Cor. 31. 
JacobjEoides Ari crenato folio. Vaill. Act. 1730. p. 30. 

A hardy perennial, usually growing from a foot to three 
feet high, in one simple undivided stem, fluted and smooth. 
In cultivation sometimes reaches the height of a man. The 
flowers grow at the extremity of the stem in a compact 

The plant figured by M. Picot Lapeyrouse, in his Flora 
of the Pyrenees, under this name, is probably a different 
species, having leaves much more glaucous, not sharply 


crenate, but merely repand, and the florets of the Radius 
quite entire. 

Native of Siberia and Hungary. Requires no particular 
management. Flowers from June to August. Introduced 
in 1784, by John Bell, Esq. Communicated by Messrs. 
Loddiges and Sons?. 


( 1870 ) 

justicia picta (3-) lurido-sanguinea. 
Bloody-veined Justicia. 

$ i fr »♦$£ ■ $$♦ ft ft frfrftjft 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cat. simplex vel duplex. Corolla irregularis vel subregularis. 
Caps. 2-valvis 2-locularis : dissepimentum valvis contrarium : 
retinae ulis seminum uncinulatis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

*** calyce simplici, corollis bilabiatis : labiis divisis. 

Justicia picta ; racemis axillaribus terminalibusque, floribus 
verticillatis, foliis ellipticis pictis. Vahl Enum. I. p. 128. 
Symb. Bot. 2. p. 14. Hort. Kew. alt. 1. p. 37. 
Justicia picta. Sp. PI. 21. Willd. 1. p. 86. Lour. Cochin. 

p. 2k ? Mart. Mill. Diet. n. 28. 
Tsjude-maram. Rheede Malab. 6. p. 111. t. 60. 
Folium bracteatum. Humph. Amb. 4. p. 73. t. 30. 
Periclymenum indicum foliis maculatis latioribus laurinis. 
Burm. Zeyl. p. 186 ? 
(a.) alba ; humilior, foliis macula alba sinuata pictis. 
(/3.) lurido-sanguinea ; excelsior, foliis lurido-sanguineis 

venosissimis . 
(y.) ignea ; foliis macula suaverubente et quasi ignea pictis. 

At first sight the present plant will hardly be acknowledged 
as a variety of Justicia picta, which has been so long known 
in our stoves, but whoever will take the trouble to examine 
the figure in the Hortus Malabaricus, and the description of 
Rumphius, compared with that of Vahl, will perceive the 
difficulty of fixing upon any true specific characters, which 


may serve to distinguish them. The marking 1 in the leaf, it 
is evident, is not at all constant. Rumphius describes two 
sorts ; the first he calls white, from the white marking along 
the midrib ; the other the red, taller, with larger leaves five 
or six inches long and three broad, of a lively brown (Icete 
fusca) on the under surface mixed with green on the upper ; 
the flowers of both are alike, except that those of the red sort 
are larger. Of this last kind, he says, there is still a variety, 
which some consider as a third species, with leaves in shape 
and size like those of the red, but marked in the middle with 
a broad spot of a bright red, or, as it were, fiery colour. 

The specimen of Justicia picta, preserved in the Banksian 
Herbarium, is very similar to our present plant, but has a 
broad spot near the middle of the leaf, which does not appear 
to us to have been white ; and Dr. Solander's description 
makes no mention of the white marking, which, we suppose, 
is too subject to vary to afford any specific distinction. 

Whether Loureiro's plant be really the picta, is rendered 
doubtful, by his describing the upper lip of the corolla as 
quite entire and the lower lip as bifid. 

The native country of Justicia picta is somewhat un- 
certain ; for, although said to be a native of the East-Indies, 
both Rumphius and Rheede speak of it as cultivated in the 
gardens, but not indigenous, either on the Malabar coast or 
in Amboyna ; and the circumstance of its never perfecting- 
seeds there, renders it probable that it has been brought from 
a different climate. Rheede expressly says, that it was im- 
ported from China or the Manillas. 

The common variety was cultivated before the year 1780, 
by the late Dr. John Fothergill, in his garden at Upton. 
Our plant was kindly communicated by the Right Hon. the 
Marchioness of Bath, from Long-Leet garden, in May last ; 
and may certainly be considered as a very great rarity. 

( 1871 ) 

Serratula quinquefolia. Five-leaved 

C/ass flwd Order. 

Syngenesia Polygamia MqvAhis.. 

Generic Character. 

Recept. paleaceum s. villosum. Cal. imbricatus, cylindra- 
ceus, inermis. Pappus plumosus s. dentatus. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Serratula quinquefolia ; foliis serratis impari-pinnatis sub- 
bijugis : pinnis confluentibus, pedunculis unifloris, squa- 
mis calycinis interioribus elongatis coloratis. Willd. Sp. 
PL 3. p. 1639. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 4. p. 472. Marsch. 
a Bieb. Flor. Taur.-Cauc. 2. p. 264. 

The Serratula quinquefolia, in habit and general ap- 
pearance, resembles very much Serratula tinetoria ; but is 
of considerably larger growth ; the leaves are pinnate, con- 
sisting generally of two pair of leaflets and an odd one, 
which is much larger than the others ; the flowers are not 
only larger, but are more conspicuous from the great length 
of the styles ; but it differs more especially in the elongation 
of the internal scales of the calyx, which make an imperfect 
scarious radius to the capitulum. 

We believe, no figure has ever been published of this 
species ; which, we are told by Mr. Alton, was introduced 
by Joseph Bush, Esq. from the North of Persia, in 1804. 
The author of the Flora Taurico-Caucasica says, it is fre- 
quent in the woods of Caucasus, from which country seeds 
of it were received by Messrs. Loddiges and Sons, by whom 
the plant from which our drawing was taken was communi- 
cated some years ago. 

A hardy perennial. Flowers in August. Propagated by 
seeds or by parting its roots. 






( 1872 ) 

Eugenia elliptica. Round-fruited 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. 4-partitus, superus. Petahz 4. Bacca 1-locularis, 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Eugenia elliptica ; foliis ellipticis acuminatis, floribus pani- 
culatis, calyce repando, bacca globosa. Smith in Act 
Soc. Linn. 3. p. 281. 

Eugenia elliptica ; foliis integerrimis ellipticis acuminatis, 
pedunculis paniculatis axillaribus et terminalibus, calyce 
repando, fructibus globosis. Willd. Sp. PL 2. p. 966. 
Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 3. p. 188. 

Metrosideros floribunda. Vent. Malmais. 75. 

Eugenia elliptica has a fruit, in some respect, different 
from the rest of the genus ; the seed is surrounded by a 
softish pulp, which rises so high as to conceal the persistent 
calyx within its hollow crown. The style and stamens are 
also persistent. 

The flowers are small, white, and not at all shewy ; but, 
when the fruit is ripe, the shrub makes a lively appearance. 
The berries, which are nearly round, are, upon their first 
ripening-, perfectly white, but they soon acquire a delicate 
tinge of carmine, especially at the parts most exposed to the 
light. The taste of the berry is acid without aroma ; but 
the leaves are aromatic. 

Native of New South-Wales, from whence it was intro- 
duced into the Kew Garden, by the Right Hon. Sir Joseph 
Banks, Bart, about the year 1790. 


Requires the protection of the greenhouse, and as the 
flowers are produced in May, June, and July, and the fruit 
does not ripen till the following spring, it is, perhaps, neces- 
sary to keep it in a temperature raised by artificial heat, 
through the winter, to bring its berries to maturity. 

Propagated by cuttings. Communicated by Messrs. Whit- 
ley, Brame, and Milne, from their very extensive collection 
at Fulham, with ripe fruit in March 1815, and in flower in 
August 1816. 

Fig. 1. Represents a perpendicular section of the berry. 

Fig. 2. A front view of the crown of the fruit, shewing the persistent 
calyx and stamens. 

Fig. 3. Sstamens separated from the ripe fruit. 

Fig. 4. A portion of the panicle of flowers. 

Tub. lyS. Curt is. Walworth. Vet.x.3&iS. 

( 1873 ) 

amsonia sal1ci folia. wlllow-leaver 
Am son 1 a. 

Class and Order. 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Contorta. Folliculi2, erecti. Sew. nuda. Cor. infundi- 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Amsonia salicifolia ; caule glabro stricto, panicula terminali 
multifloro, foliis lineari-lanceolatis glabris. 

Amsonia salicifolia ; caule Izevigato, foliis lineari-lanceolatis. 
utrinque acutis glaberrimis. Pursh Fl. Am. Sept. p. 184. 

The broad-leaved species of Amsonia was first discovered 
in Virginia, by Clayton, who gave it its present name. But 
LinnjEus united it to Tabern^emontana ; from which genus 
it differs, in having seed-vessels and seeds not immersed in 

Walter and Michaux restored Amsonia as a genus, and 
this has been since adopted by all Botanists. Only one 
species appears to have been known to Linnaeus, a second 
was added by Walter, and our present plant makes a third, 
which was first brought to this country by the late Mr. 
Lyons, and was inserted by Pursh in his Flora of North- 
America, above quoted. 

It is considered as a hardy perennial, but being a native 
of South-Carolina and Georgia, should have a warm situa- 
tion and some protection from very severe frost. All tiie 
Amsonias like a light soil, but in dry weather require frequent 
watering. They seldom produce seeds with us, and are 
therefore propagated by offsets, which are but sparingly 
produced. Flowers in June and July. Communicated by 
Mr. William Kent, of Clapton. 


fUh.Ty. S.Cvrtir MUmrtK .Ja; 1 iSrj. 

( 1874 ) 


•#■ %-%■ $•$•-$• HHfr #•*# & *- -*~* # * * 

Class and Order. 
PentAndria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cat rumpens. Cor. clavato-infundibuliformis, maxima. 
Bacca 4-locularis, polysperma. 

Specific Name and Synonyms. 

Solandra grandiflora. Swartz Act. Holm. 1787. p. 300. 

r. II. Flor. Ind. Occid. 1. p. 387. t. 9. Willd. Sp. PL 1. 

p. 936. Hort. Kew. alt. 1. p. 388. Jacq. Hori. Schcenbr. 

l.p.2l.t. 45. Salisb. in Act. Soc. Lin. 99. t. 6. Mart 

Aft//. Diet. Meen Exot. Bot. t. 6. 
Datura sarmentosa. Lamarck III. n. 2295. 
Stramonium scandens flore luteo. Plum. Ic. ined. 

Solandra grandiflora with us is a fine climbing stove 
shrub, with large shining laurel-like leaves, and magnificent 
flower, of a cream-colour and agreeable scent. In Jamaica, 
where it is indigenous, the flowers are of a pale flesh-colour, 
and the shrub is called the Peach-blossomed Trumpet-flower : 
cultivated in the stove at Vienna, according to Jacquin ; the 
inside of the tube is tinged with purple, but the flower is 
otherwise white ; from whence it would appear, that it re- 
quires a greater intensity of light to bring out the red colour. 
So the fruit, which is a conical white berry the size of a hen's 
egg, is filled with a red pulp in the West-Indies, which was 
white at Vienna ; with us we have not heard that it has ever 
produced any ripe fruit, except perhaps in Mr. Salisbury's 
garden at Mill-Hill, who describes the pulp as green. 


The name of Solandra was given to this plant by Prof, 
Swartz, in honour of the late Dr. Solander, pupil of Linn^eusJ 
the intimate friend and fellow-traveller of Sir Joseph Banks, in 
his voyage to the South -Seas. Although the author of very few 
publications, Dr. Solander was celebrated for his knowledge 
of natural history throughout Europe, and every Botanist, who 
has had the inestimable privilege of using the library of his 
right honourable friend and patron, has been indebted to his 
labours : a source from whence was even derived almost the 
whole of the information respecting this plant, given by 
Swartz, in the Swedish Transactions above referred to He 
was born at Abo, in Finland, and died in London, at the a ff e 
of forty six, m the year 1782. 

There seems to have been difficulty in deciding on the 
natural affinities of this plant ; Swartz thought it nearly 
allied to Portlandia, Solander to Besleria ; Jussieu and 
Lamarck make it a species of Datura ; and Salisbury, 
contrary to Swartz, allows it to have the fruit of Datura 
not granting any weight to the circumstance of its bein- 
a succulent berry instead of a dry capsule. At the same 
time he asserts, that the leaves being constantly alternate 
never becoming opposite in the flowering branches, the 
nature of the inflorescence, the irregularity of the corolla, 
with the activation of the limb, are points by which it recedes 
w far from the Solanece, that he proposes to erect it into a 
distinct order, together with Brunsfelsia and Crescentia 
nf ll t amai T ca ' ll grows from out of old trees and the assures 
^^nf^P^^^^^^^ 8 ' F1 ° WerS at Unce ^» 

™5ter£ti by Mr - A ™- 8 * & ss 


l^jiySCa-rUa WalvtDTth.Ja.rt.ij £j 

( 1875 ) 

Daphne Altaic a. Altaic Daphne. 

♦ ♦ $ jr ♦ "♦ ♦ ♦♦ $ ♦ ♦ ♦ # ♦ ♦ ♦ 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. 0. Cor. 4-fida, marcescens, stamina includens. Drupa 

Specific Character and Synonyms, 

Daphne altaica ; floribus terminalibus sessilibus subqumis, 

foliis ovato-lanceolatis glabris. 
Daphne altaica ; floribus iasciculatis terminalibus sessilibus, 

foliis oblongo-ovatis glabris. Pall. Ross. 1. p. 53. t. 35. 
Daphne altaica ; floribus terminalibus subsessilibus, foliis 

oppositis oblongo-lanceolatis obtusis basi angustatis 

glabris. JVilld. Sp. PL 2. p. 422. 

A pretty shrub, of low stature, with reddish-brown bark ; 
leaves alternate, oblong-, broader towards the upper ex- 
tremity and narrowed downwards, of a somewhat glaucous 
and yellowish-green, the latter colour prevailing most while 
they are young. Flowers in a sessile umbel, generally five 
together, white, with the laciniag revolute ; we did not 
observe that they had any scent. Anthers in two rows upoa 
very short filaments within the tube of the corolla. Germem 
oval : stigma sessile, shining, flattened-orbicular. 

Native of the Altaic Alps, where it was discovered by 
M. Patrin, a friend of Pallas, to whom he communicated 
dried specimens, from which the figure and description in the 
Flora Rossica were apparently taken. Willdenow, who 
acknowledges to have seen the plant only in a dry state, has 
erroneously added to the character that it has opposite leaves, 
though not only in ' Pallas's figure are they represented 
alternate, but in his description are said to be always so. 

Flowers in May and June. Communicated by Mr. Biggs, 
curator of the Botanic Garden at Cambridge, and the 
worthy successor of Dqsn. 

pf y t 



ft* S£uttiiJfam<kJim 11*7. 

( 1876 ) 

Dianthus Campestris (y.) Field Pink, 

#»♦ ♦ ♦ $ ♦ $$+ $ $&% » fr $ $ $ 

C/ass arcd! Order. 
Decandria Digynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. cylindricus, l-phyllus : basi squamis 4 acutus. Petala 
5, unguiculata. Cop*, cylindrica, 1 -{ocularis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Dianthus campestris; floribus solitarhs, squamis calycinis 
ovatis acutis brevibus (subsenis) foliis subulatis cauleque 
paniculato subhirsutis. Marschall a Bieb. Fl. Taur. 
Cauc. I. p. 326. 

(at.) caule basi simplici pubescenti-scabro, squamis calycinis 

((3-) caule basi ramoso subdichotomo rninus pubescente. 

(y) caule basi ramoso jlaccido foliisque hir suits. 

In our plant, the four scales at the base of the calyx were 
short, but the two accessory ones were longer,, so as nearly 
to conceal the internal ones. The external or accessory 
scales are described in the Flora Taurico-Caucasica, as being 1 
the last pair of leaves, become smaller and sometimes ap- 
plied so close to the calyx, as to resemble a third pair of 
scales : in our specimen they were not only shorter, but were 
dilated at the base and coloured like the calyx. 

We are not certain whether we have fixed upon the 
proper variety. The most remarkable features of the species, 
are the creeping stolones with hairy leaves ; the intensity of 
colour in the petals, and their singular indentation, not 
towards the tip only, as in many species of Dianthus, but 
along the margins of the whole limb. 

A hardy perennial, propagated by offsets. Native of 
Tauria. Flowers in July and August. Communicated by 
Messrs. Whitley, Brame, and Milne, of the Fulham 
Nursery, who raised it from Russian seeds, given them by 
Mr. Hunneman two years ago. 


( 1877 ) 

Pelargonium rapaceum, var. fi. luteum. 

Yellow Fumitory-flowered 


♦♦♦♦»♦♦♦*♦♦»♦ $ ♦ ♦♦ 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-partitus : lacinia suprema desinente in tubulum 
eapillarem, nectariferum, secus pedunculum decurrentem. 
Cor. 5-petaIa/ irregularis. Filamenta 10, inaequalia, quorum 
3 — 6 steriiia. Arilli h 3 monospermy aristati, ad basin re- 
ceptaculi rostrati : aristis spiralibus introrsum barbatis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Pelargonium rapaceum; acaule, umbella composita, foliis 
bipiunatis villosis, petalis superioribus refractis : inferi- 
oribus conniventibus. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 4. p. 164. 

Pelargonium rapaceum; acaule, umbella composita, foliis 
decomposite laciniatis villosis. Hort. Kew. ed. I"" 1, % 
p. 418. Willd. Sp. PL 3. p. 649. 

Geranium rapaceum. Si/st. Nat. ed. Gmel.p. 1141. 

Geranium prolificum, a. Sp. PL 949. 

(*•) incarnatum; corollis purpurascentibus. 

Pelargonium rapaceum ; acaule, radice rapacea multicipite, 
foliis bipinnatis villosis incisis, filamentis decern, quin- 
que fertilibus. Jacq. Ic. Rar. 3. t. 510. Collect. 4. 
p t 190. 

Geranium selinum. Bot. Repos. 239. 

Geranium africanum myrrhidis folio flore albicante, radice 
rapacea. Commel. Hort. p. 125. t. 63. 

(|3.) luteum ; corollis Jlavescentibus, petalis superioribus 
minus refractis impunctatis. 

In this species the three lowermost petals are connivent, 
and the two upper ones more or less bent back, which 


gives the flower somewhat the appearance of that of some 
species of Fumitory. This variety differs from the one 
figured in the Botanist's Repository and by Jacouin, not 
only in the colour of the corolla, which is altogether of a 
pale yellow, but in the upper petals being but slightly re- 
flected and having no spotting at their base. Perhaps it 
may be a distinct species, but it is not the flavum of Hortus 
Kewensis, under which name we received it. 

All the tuberous-iooted species are rather tender, and are 
best preserved in the dry stove. 

Native of the Cape of Good-Hope. Communicated by 
Thomas Edwards, Esq. F. L. S. Paradise-How, Stockwell.^s. 

T^iy.S.a.rUi Wmbm ^l% J^l^t, 

( 1878 ) 

Pentstemon campanulata. Bell-flowered 

+♦$♦♦♦♦ ♦'##♦# ♦■#♦ ♦ 

Class and Order, 


Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-partitus. Cor. bilabiata, ventrieosa. Rudimentum 
filamenti quinti superne barbatum. Caps, bilocularis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Pentstemon campanulata ; caule glabro, filamento sterili 
superne barbato, foliis lanceolatis acuminatis omnibus 
argute serratis, calycis laciniis lineari-Ianceolatis. Hort. 
Keio. alt. 4. p. 8. 

Pentstemon campanulata ; caule glabro, filamento sterili 
superne barbato, foliis lanceolatis acuminatis omnibus 
argute serratis. Willd. Sp. PL 3. p. 228. Jacq. Hort. 
Schcenbr. 3. 6. 59. t 362. 

Chelone campanuloides ; foliis oppositis sessilibus acuminatis 
profunde serratis, corollis campanulatis purpureis. Bot. 
Repos. 40. 

Descr. Stem upright, very obtusely angular. Leaves 
smooth, opposite, sharply serrate ; lower ones linear-lanceo- 
late : upper ones broader at the base, half-stem-embracing, 
acuminate. Bractes opposite, leaf-like, pubescent. Flowers 
in a verticillate raceme looking one way. Peduncles oppo- 
site, generally bearing two flowers on pedicles longer than 
the peduncles. Calj/cine lacinia lanceolate, acute. Corolla 
Ml-shaped, with bilabiate limb : upper lip two-lobed : 
lover Up three-lobed. Stamens four, with curved filaments : 
sterile rudiment straight, reflected at the apex, bearded with 


long white hairs towards the top. Anthers two-lobed, purple. 
Germen ovate,, acute, bilocular : style the length of the 
stamens : stigma truncated. 

A hardy perennial. Native of Mexico. Flowers through 1 - 
out the summer. Introduced in 1794, by the Right Hon. 
Sir Joseph Banks, Bart. KB. 


No. 1864. Chelone major. Add the following Synonym. 

Chelone Lyoni ; glabra, ramosa, foliis petiolatis cordato- 
ovatis, spicis terminalibus dentifloris. Pursh Fl. Am. 
Sept. SuppL. p. 737. 

( 1879 ) 

Pancratium distichum. Fan-leaved 

Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 
Petala 6 : nectario 12-fido. Stam. nectario imposita. 

Specific Character. 

Pancratium distichum ; spatha subsexflora, nectarii infundi- 
buliformis dentibus interstamineis irregularibus laciniis 
revolutis tubum aequantibus, foliis lanceolato-loratis stri- 
atis distichis. 

Our drawing of this plant was taken in August 1814, at 
Messrs. Lee and Kenned y's, where it went by the name of 
mexicanum, with which species it in no respect corresponds, 
if the figure quoted from Dillenius is a representation of the 
one intended. 

In September last, the Hon. William Herbert kindly 
transmitted to us a specimen and particular description of 
the same species, which he considers to be hitherto unde- 
scribed. The bulb came from Rio de Janeiro, but, perhaps, 
may not be a native of that country. Mr. Herbert considers 
it as most nearly allied to caribaum and rotatum. 

The leaves grow exactly distichwise, spreading out like a 
fan, in which character it differs from all the known species 
of Pancratium ; for even in rotatum, the leaves are not so 
regularly distich as in this, on which account we have given 
it the name distichum. The lower leaves are seventeen 
inches long, the upper ones gradually diminish ; they are 
linear-lanceolate or thong-like, of a tough consistence, from 
an inch to an inch and half wide at the broadest part, which 
is rather nearer the point than the base, where it is some- 
what contrasted. They differ from the leaves of littorale, 
says Mr. Herbert, in being much narrower, of a more uni- 
form width, regular fan-shaped arrangement, paler colour, 
and less fleshy substance : from those of rotatum, in being 


of a much harder texture, less fleshy, paler coloured, more 
strongly nerved, sharper and not at all spathula-shaped at the 
point, more regularly distich, and much less erect. Prom 
those of caribceum they differ in being harder, thicker, longer, 
and narrower, in having their greatest breadth nearer the 
point, and in being arranged regularly distich wise, instead of 
clustering irregularly. The tube of the corolla is the same 
length as the laciniae of the limb, each from four to four 
and a half inches long. The nectarium or crown is more 
funnel-shaped than in rotatum, and of smaller dimensions ; 
it is unequally toothed, and is not extended along the fila- 
ments, which are twice its length, considering them as be- 
ginning from the bottom of the nectarium, though connate 
with it ; or equal in length, if considered as beginning from 
its margin. 

Pancratium distichum is much hardier than rotatum, and 
not nearly so liable to suffer from wet on the leaves, which 
is so fatal to the latter ; but otherwise, Mr. Herbert informs 
us, that the bulb of rotatum is not apt to perish after flower- 
ing (see No. 827) nor does it produce abundance of offsets, 
a plant in his possession having produced but one in four 
years, in which space it has blossomed several times ; but 
when the mother bulb by accident perishes, it may, as often 
happens in similar circumstances, throw out a numerous 

The honourable William Herbert having long been a 
careful observer of these plants under cultivation, we pay ihe 
highest respect to his opinion ; and, for the foregoing ob- 
servations, we acknowledge ourselves entirely indebted to 

Whether the comparative length of the tube with the 
limb of the corolla be a character altogether to be depended 
upon, our figure even may lead to some doubt, for though 
in the perfect blossom these are equal in length, yet in the 
faded flower, the tube appears to have shot out to a greater 
length ; in which state it may have approached too near, 
perhaps, to Pancratium littorale, «. a variety not published 
in the Botanical Magazine. 


( 1880 ) 

Phlox acuminata. Cross-leaved Phlox, or 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. hypocrateriformis. Filam. inaequalia. Stigma 3- 
fidum. Cal. prismaticus. Caps. 3-locularis 1-sperma. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Phlox acuminata ; caule obtusangulo pubescente, foliis lan- 
ceolato-ovatis acuminatis subtus villosis decuasatis co- 
rymbis paniculatis, calycibus aristatis. 

Phlox acuminata ; erecta, pubescens ; caule angulato, 
foliis ovato-lanceolatis acuminatis inferne angustatis sub- 
petiolatis subtus pubescentibus, floralibus subcordatis, 
corymbis paniculatis, corollas laciniis rotundatis, tubo 
pubescente, calycibus aristatis. Pursh Fl. Am. Sept. 
Suppl. p. 730. 

Phlox decussata. Lyons' s Catal. 1812. 

Descr. Stem erect, three feet high, square with rounded 
angles, pubescent, spotted. Leaves in distant pairs, exactly 
decussate, lanceolate-oval, acuminate, villous on the under 
surface and roughish on the upper : floral leaves subcordate, 
acuminate, coloured at the margin. Flowers in a panicled 
corymb, growing several together on very short pedicles. 
Calyx coloured, villous ; teeth subulate. Tube of Corolla 
nearly straight, twice the length of the limb, villous : laciniae 
smooth, obcordate, variegated with different shades of purple, 

Mac-coloured underneath. 


The leaves of this species growing in distant pairs re- 
gularly crosswise,, we think the name of decussafa was more 
characteristic than that of acuminata. It is nearly related 
to Phlo^c Carolina. 

Native of Georgia and South-Carolina. Rather more 
tender than many other species. Flowers in August and 
September. Introduced by the late Mr. Lyons, in 1812. 
Communicated by Mr. Wiluam Kent, of Clapton, in Sep- 
tember 1815. 

Ah.hjSCurtti. WcJ.vcf(h . Kb. i.tSi", 

( 1881 ) 

Thunbergia fragrans. Twining 

jjHJHJt £ ?M& -$--$ rt- & % §• -#- ■%>-% sjs- jjf •$- 
Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 
Cat. duplex : exterior diphyllus : interior 12-dentatua. 

Sjjecific Character and Synonyms. 

Thunbergia fragrans; foliis cordatis aguminatis basi sub- 

angulato-deutatis, caule scandente. IVilld. Sp. Pi S. 

p. 388. Hort. Kew. ed, alt. 4. p. 66. Mart. Milt. 

Diet. n. 2. 
Thunbergia fragrans. Roxb. Corom. L p. 47. t. 67. Bot. 

Repos. 63. 

Thunbergia fragrans has a climbing shrubby stem, which 
in the East-Indies reaches the length of from four to six 
yards, but we have never seen it exceed that of a few feet 
in our hot-houses, where, however, it well deserves a place, 
being almost constantly in blossom. 

The flowers are quite scentless, nor have we observed any 
fragrance in any part of the plant; but Dr. Roxburgh in his 
" Plants of the Coast of Coromandel," states positively, that 

the plant possesses a peculiar and agreeable fragrance, and 
the beauty of its flowers, although not fragrant, entitle it to a 
place in the flower-garden ;" so that the absurd notion, pre- 
vailing among the Nurserymen, which originated perhaps in 
the Botanist's Repository, that Dr. Roxburgh gave it the 
name of fragrans, because the place where it grew was sweet 
scented, though the plant was not so, seems to be entirely void 
of foundation. Perhaps the heat of a tropical sun is necessary 
to bring forth its odour. 


Native of the East-Indies ; growing plentifully in the 
hedges and bushes on the banks of the water courses near 
Samulcotah, on the Coromandel coast. With us it is an 
inhabitant of the bark-stove, Is propagated by cuttings or 
by seeds, which sometimes come to maturity in this country. 
Introduced into the Kew Garden by Mr. Peter Good, in the 
year 1796 ; but we believe it first flowered in the Dowager 
Lady De Clifford's stove, at Paddington, 

Ta i ty.& CtcrUs yTcdsrori'K. JiC • -L.i<Sr 

( 1882 ) 

Piper acuminatum. Dwarf Pointed- 
leaved Pepper. 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 
Cal. 0. Cor. 0. Bacca 1-sperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Piper acuminatum ; herbaceum, foliis alternis ovatis acumi- 

natis carnosis pellucidis quinquenerviis, ramis semicy- 

Piper acuminatum ; herbaceum., foliis Ianceolato - ovatis 

nervosis caule erectiusculo. Szoartz Obs. 20. Willd. 

Sp. PL 1. p. 164. 
Piper acuminatum; foliis lanceolato-ovatis nervosis carnosis. 

Sp. Pi 43. %st. Veg. 74. 
Saururus alius humilis folio carnoso" acuminate Plum. 

Amer. 54. t. 71. 
Piper longum humilius e summitate caulis prodeuntc. Sloane 

Jam. 45. Hist. I. p. 136. 

Native of South-America and the West-Indies, growing in 
moist woods frequently on the rotten trunks of trees. Not 
recorded in the last edition of Aiton's Hortus Kewensis, 
Piperomia acuminata of the Flora Peruviana appears to be 
quite a different species. 

Communicated by John Walker, Esq. Arno's-Grove, 
poiithgate, in whose stove it flowered in September 1815, 


RJ, iySOtrtiilWawsrlkltl.u.fy. 

WedZtO* 1 ' 

( 1883 ) 

Pharnaceum incanum. Hoary 

C7#ss and Order. 
Pentandria Trigynia. 

Generic Character. 
Cal. 5-pbylhis. Cor. 0. Caps. 3-locularis, polysperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Pharnaceum incanum; pedunculis proliferis, foliis subulatis 

aristatis in nodulos congestis, stipulis setaceis, stigma- 

tibus petaliformibus. 
Pharnaceum incanum; pedunculis com munibus longissimis, 

foliis linearibus, stipulis pilosis. Linn. Suppt. 186. 

Willd. Sp. PL 1. 1510. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 2. p. 174. 
Pharnaceum pedunculis communibus longissimis. Hort. 

Cliff. 492. foliis linearibus. Mant. 358. 
Pharnaceum incanum; foliis teretibus mucronatis stipulis 

setaceis, umbellis terminalibus. Thunb. Prodr. 54. 
Alsine forte, seu Lychnis africana, foliis lariceis tenuissime 

divisis, floribus fere umbellatis. Pluk. Aim. p. 23. 

Pht/t. t. 304. / 4. 

Descr. Stem shrubby, dwarf; branches white, by the 
remains of the hair-like strpules. Leaves at first scattered, 
but these soon fall off and leave the stems bare, except at the 
ends and about the divisions of the branches, where they are 
awl-shaped, smooth, terminated with a bristle or awn, and 
collected into round nodules with hair-like stipules intermixed. 
Prom these nodules proceed the long filiform peduncles, 
dividing into proliferous umbels. Calyx 5-leaved, green 
externally with a membranaceous margin, and white within. 


Corolla none, or connate with the calyx. Stamen* 5 : fila- 
ments somewhat shorter than the calyx, alternating- with its 
leaflets, inserted into the receptacle : anthers yellow, bifid 
at the base. Germcn conical: stifle none: stigmas 3, con 
cave, obtuse, undulated, petal-like, of a fine crimson colour. 
Surrounding- the base of the germen there are 5 small yellow 

The flowers expand in the afternoon, if the weather is fine, 
and close again before sun-set. Their principal beauty con- 
sists in the singular large crimson stigmas, of which we find 

no mention made by any author. Can they be an accidental 

monstrosity ? In Schreber's edition of the Genera plantarum 

the pistil is described as having 3 filiform styles, the length 

of the stamens, with obtuse stigmas. 

Perhaps the Cape species of Pharmaceum form a genus 

distinct from those of the East-Indies. 

Native of the Cape of Good Hope. Flowers most part of 

the summer. Introduced in 1782, by George Wynch, Esq. 

Communicated by Messrs. Whitley, Brame, and Milne, 

of the Fulham Nursery. 

s //viocf/ews i/stt/ofas 



( 1884 ) 

Cactus triangularis. Triangular Creeping 
Cereus, or Strawberry Pear. 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. 1-phyllus, superus, imbricatus. Cor. multiplex. Baccu 
1-locularis, polysperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Cactus triangularis ; repens triangularis. Willd. Sp. PL 2. 
p. 942. J acq. Amer. 152. Risler in Act. Helv. 5. p. 208. 
t. 2. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 3. p. 178. Mart. Mill. Diet, 
n. 16. 

Cactus triangularis scandens articulatus. Hort. Cliff'. 182. 

Cactus debilis brachiatus aequalis triquetrus scandens s. re- 
pens, spinis brevissimis confertis. Brown Jam. 238. 

Cereus americanus triangularis radicosus. Bradl. Succ. 1. 
p. 4. t. 3. Trew in Act. Nat. Cur. v. 9. App. 199. t. 10. 
/ 14. et v. 10. App. 349. t. 3. 

Cereus scandens minor. The Prickly Pear- Vine. Hughes 
Barbad.p. 186.? 

Jamacaru 1. Pis. Ind. Hist. p. 188. cum figura pessima. 

Melocactus trigonus, brevibus aculeis munitus, flore albo, 
fructu coccineo. Plum. Ic. p. 193. t. 200. jig. 1. Plum. 
Catal. PL p. 19. 

We are indebted to Mr. Storrer, of Storrer-Park, near 
Henley-upon-Thames, for the opportunity of giving our 
leaders a figure of this plant, which is so rarely known to 
blossom out of the tropical countries, of which it is a native, 
that in most places it has been cultivated above twenty years 
before it shewed the least disposition to produce flowers. 

As this flower is so very transitory, lasting during one 
night only, there is no chance of any opportunity of taking a 
drawing, unless the artist is at hand. To afford us this 
opportunity Mr. Storrer very liberally cut off the joint, a few 


days before the bud was expected to open, and sent it to us ; 
which being set in water, the flowers began to open in the 
evening, and by midnight was fully expanded. 

The first account we have of one of these plants flowering 
in Europe, is by Dr. Trew, in the ninth volume of the Acta 
Naturae Curiosorum ; where there is an incorrect figure of 
one which flowered in the garden of the university of Altorf, 
in the Canton of Uri, in the year 1747 ; but it had flowered' 
many years before in Germany, and about the same time 
at Vienna, in the garden of Prince Eugene. A better 
figure is given in the tenth volume of the same work. But 
the best representation of the flower, is by Dr. Risler, 
from a plant which had been many years in his father's stove, 
but at the time of its blossoming, was in the possession of 
the Syndic Hofer, of Muhlhausen. 

In this country it first flowered at Hampton -Court, and at 
the Marquis of Rockingham's : in the former place it appears 
to have been cultivated seventy years, before it produced any 
flowers, being in the collection there in 1690, and not having 
blossomed in England, according to Miller, in 1759. 

Perhaps the reason of its having been more shy of flowering 
here than on the Continent is, that the wetness of our sum- 
mers have hardly admitted of the plant's being entirely ex- 
posed to the open air during the summer months ; which 
Dr. Risler recommends, and so all the flowering plants, 
above mentioned, appear to have been treated. 

As most or all of this family grow naturally in a poor arid soil, 
they should be planted in a mixture of lime, rubbish, and sand, 
with a small proportion of loam, and the bottom of the pot to 
one -third of its whole depth should be covered with broken 
potsherds in layers, gradually finer towards the top. They 
are propagated by cuttings, which should be kept in a dry 
place for a month before they are planted. In the winter, 
the dry stove is recommended, and, if in the bark-stove, 
they should be not watered at all. When the weather is dry 
and warm, it is far better that they should be entirely exposed 
to the open air. Flowers in July, August, or September. 


r/^ Cu-rtU . Wkl-f^.fh.jAb.T.ltj'j. 

( 1885 A.&B. ) 
Dahlia superflua. Fertile-rayed Dahlia, 

4MHMHfr ♦ ♦ $ $ $0 ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 

A. Crimson-flowered. B. Double purple-flowered. 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Recept. paleaceum. Pappus nullus. Cal. duplex : exterior 
polyphyllus : interior 1-phyllus, 8-partitus. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Dahlia superflua; caule non pruinoso, ligulis foemineis. 

Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 5. p. 87. 
Georgina superflua. Decandolle in Annates du Museum, 

15. p. 310. 
Georgina variabilis. Willd. Enum. 899. 

Tftiis species varies so much, not only in the colour of the 
flowers, but also in the form of the leaves and in general 
stature, that, at first sight, it might be supposed to be readily 
separated into several distinct ones But attentive observation 
has shewn that the seminal varieties are, like those of the China 
Aster, almost endless. 

In the last edition of Aiton's Hortus Kewensis, three 
Varieties are considered as deserving to be distinguished by 
names, viz. the purple (purpurea) the rose, or lilac-coloured 
(lilacina) and the dwarf (nana) . Our friend, M. Decandolle, 
in the Annales du Museum, above quoted, reckons five va- 
rieties, all from the colour of the flower.— 1. The red-flowered. 
2. The purple. 3. The lilac. 4. The pale. 5. The yellowish. 
Of the two varieties we have here given, and which are cer- 
tainly among the handsomest as yet recorded, A. will rank 
with the 1st. and B. with the 2d. 


The variety with yellowish flowers gives M. Decandolle 
an opportunity of making a very curious observation., viz. that 
it may be inferred with a degree of probability approaching to 
certainty, that no blue variety of Dahlia supeijlua will ever 
be found ; because blue and yellow being the two primitive 
colours of flowers, and always exclusive of each other, no 
blue flower ever changes to yellow nor yellow to blue. Agree- 
able to this observation, we believe, no China Aster was ever 
seen to vary to. yellow. If other similar laws respecting the 
interchange of colours should be discovered, this character 
in flowers may come to be as truly distinctive, in certain, 
cases, as any other, although hitherto, by modern Botanists, 
generally considered of so little value. 

Only two species of the genus Dahlia are at present 
acknowledged, viz. Dahlia superjlua and frualranea (coc- 
cinea of Bot. Mag. No. 762). 

They have all large tuberous roots, not unlike those of 
Helianthus tuberosus] which should be taken up after the 
stem perishes, and preserved in sand or dry mould, protected 
from frost during the winter ; and in the spring be planted 
out in the open border : or, in a warm situation and dry soil, 
they may be left, without removal, only covering the border 
with dead leaves to defend them from severe frost. Plants 
raised from seeds in a hot-bed early in the spring, will some- 
times flower the following autumn : but not so fine nor so 
early as the second year ; when the flowers will begin to open 
early in September, and continue in succession till overtaken 
by frost. 

Native of Mexico. Introduced in 1789, by the Marchioness 
of Bute. 

Both our drawings were made from specimens communi- 
cated by the Conue de Vandes, who imported these with 
several other varieties from France, where these plants have 
been cultivated for some years with great assiduity, parti- 
cularly by M. Leueur, at Sevre, near Paris. 


F^-^h.hy. S .C-Urtotcje ^rahec-rB^Jfa.- -.r A ufi. 

: 7 


( 1886 ) 

Robinia, or Pea-tree. 

Cfoss awd Order. 


Generic Character. 
Cat. 4-fktus, lacinia superiore 2-partita. Legumen gibbum, 


Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Robinia Caragana ; pedunculis simphcibus, st'fpulis sub* 
spinescentibus, foliis abrupte pinnatrs, petiolis inermibus. 

(«.) arborea ; foliis subquadrijugis : foliolis ellipticis, pedun- 
culis aggregatis flore longioribus. 

Robinia Caragana. Willd. Sp. PI 3. p. U35.—Arb. 299*. 
L'Herit. Stirp. 160. Kniph. Cent. 5. n. 76. Gmel. Sib. 
4. p. 17. n. 22. Hort. Kew. ed, alt. 4. 324. 

Robinia Altagana. Pall. Ross, 68, t. 42. fig", intermedia. 
Roy. Lugdb. 537. 

Caragana sibirica. Fabr. Helmst. 421. 

Aspalathus arborescens, pinnis foliorum crebrioribus, ob- 
longis. Amm, Ruth. 283. 

(0.) arenaria ; foliis subquadrijugis : foliolis obcordatis, 
pedunculis subgeminis fore brevioribus, 

Robinia Caragana. Banks Ilerbar. 

Robinia arenaria. Donn Hort. Cant. 

(y.) Altagana j foliis snboctojugis, pedunculis solitariis. 

Robinia Altagana. L'Herit. Stirp. 159. t. 76. IVUld. Sp. 
PL 3 p. 1135. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 4. p. 324. Pall. 
Ross. 69. t. 42. fig. laterales. 

Desc. Stem shrubby : branches smooth and not villous. 
Leaves abruptly pinnate, growing several together from a 


projected tubercle armed at the base with a pair of spinescent 
stipules : leaflets four or sometimes five pair,, obcordate or 
obovate, with a minute mucro, covered with a silky pubescence 
on both sides. Peduncles growing from the same tubercle 
as the leaves,, sometimes singly, more generally two, and 
now and then three together, shorter than the flower, villous, 
jointed, and having a pair of small bractes. Calyx subcy- 
lindric, gibbous at the base : limb five-toothed, the two upper 
teeth very small and approximate. Corolla papilionaceous : 
vexiUum cordate with the sides reflected, closed at the base : 
alaz of the same length, lanceolate : carina somewhat shorter, 
boat-shaped, with its petals united towards the tip. Stamens 
diadelphous,' 1 — 9. Germen flattened- cylindric, very smooth : 
style ascendent : stigma simple. 

If Robinia Caragana and Altagana are to be held as 
distinct species, then this must be considered as different 
from both, and may retain the name of arenaria. But we 
are inclined to regard them all three as varieties of the same 
species ; as Pallas asserts that the low shrubby kind, in a 
richer soil, will become arborescent ; the number and form 
of the leaflets seem very subject to vary ; in Pallas's figures, 
referred to by L'Heritier, they are obcordate ; in his own, 
oval ; but in his description, said to be sometimes obovate or 

A hardy shrub, native of Siberia. Flowers in June and 
July. Communicated from the Cambridge -Garden, by the 
worthy curator, Mr. Biggs. 

( 1887 ) 




Class and Order. 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. 5-partita, fundo clauso valvis staminiferis. Stigma 3- 
fidum. Caps. 3-locularis, supera. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Polemonium reptans ; foliis pinnatis septenis,- floribus ter- 

minalibus nutantibus. Syst. Veg. 172. Willd. Sp. PI. 1. 

p. 886. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 1. p. 342. Michaux Fl. 

Am. Bor. 1. p. 142. Pursh Fl. Am. Sept. 1. p. 151. 

Mill. Ic. 2. t 209. Mart. Mill. Diet. n. 2. 
Polemonium foliis pinnatis, radicibus reptatricibus. Clayton 

in Gron. Virg. 22, 29. 

Polemonium reptans, is a native of North -America, and 
was taken by Gronovius, who was the publisher of Clay- 
ton's Herbarium, to be the same species as the common 
Greek- Valerian, from which it differs by its creeping roots, 
its more diffuse panicle, the flowers standing on° longer 
peduncles, being somewhat nodding, and by the smaller 
number of its leaflets. In our specimen, these were of a 
wider oval shape than we have generally seen. 

It is a native of North- America, growing on the sides of 

w-T here * he St>il is richj from Pens ylvania to Carolina. 

With us, it is cultivated in the open ground, and is easily 
increased by its creeping roots. Flowers in April, May, and 
June. Communicated by N. S. Hodson, Esq. of the War- 


♦J!???' t 84, f ° r c " we are indebted to Mr. Storker, of Storrer-ParV 
read to Thomas Stonob, Esq. of Stonor-Park." 

KbifJF. CurUe.W;lwi>r0t.-irasc*-- U&J. 

Nl8Sd. '.Curtu-Klimtl.rih i I A I 


( ] 888 ) 

Rhododendron dahuricum (/3.) sempervirens^ 
Evergreen Daurian Rhododendron. 

» f $• $ $• %- $•$■ & $*$ & *•*-*■ ^- *• *■ 

Class and Order. 

Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-partitus. Cor. infundibuliformis. Stain, declinata. 
Caps. 5-locuIaris. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Rhododendron dahuricum ; foliis glabris punctatis nudis, 
corollis rotatis. Sp. PL 562. Willd. 2. p. 604. Hort. 
Kew. ed. alt. 3. p. 49. 

(a.) foliis deciduis, supra N 0, 636. 

(|3.) foliis sempervirentibus. 

This variety of Rhododendron dahuricum*, is a more 
desirable plant than the one formerly figured in this work ; 
having been found to be much less liable to be injured by 
our late frosts. It is also much handsomer, growing more 
compact and bushy, has its foliage perfect at the time of 
flowering ; and its blossoms are of a deeper colour. 

Communicated by Messrs. Whitley, Brame, and Milne, 
from the Fulham Nursery. Flowers in February and 

* In writing this name dahuricum, rather than dauricum, we follow 
Professor F. Fischer, of Moscow ; who observes, that there ought to be 
& n aspiration between the a and u, and Dauria (properly Daiiria) vrh<:n 
^ntten without an k, should be pronounced in four syllables, not in three. 
lhe want of attending to this, Dr. Fischer remarks, has sometimes occa- 
sioned German Botanists to confound the country with Tauria. 

( 1889 ) 
JaSx\iinum azoricum. Azorian Jasmine. 

$$♦♦♦♦♦ $ ♦$ iuE 4»4» ♦ ♦ ♦•♦♦ 

C&zss awd Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cor. hypocrateriformis, 5 — 8-fida. Bacca dicocca.' Semina 
solitaria, arillata. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Jasminum azoricum ; foliis oppositis ternatis : foliolis ovatis 
subcordatisque undulatis, ramulis glabris teretibus, 
corollae laciniis tubo aequalibus. Hort. Kew. ed.l.v.l. 
p. 9. ed. alt. 1. p. 17. mild. Sp. PL 1. p. 39. excluso 
synonymo Plukenetii. 

Jasminum azoricum ; foliis ternatis : foliolis ovatis subcor- 
datisque, calycibus campanulatis glabris^ corollas laciniis 
tubo aequalibus. VahlEnum. 1. p. 31.' Bot. Regist. 89. 

Jasminum azoricum, trifoliatum, flore albo, odoratissimo. 
Commel. Hort. 1. p. 159. t. 82. 

Jasminum azoricum flore albo. Grisl. Vir. Lusit. 

Jasminum catalonicum. Weinm.Phyt. t. 602. quoad figuram: 
quae folia ternata, non pinnata, repraesentat. 

Jasminum sylvestre triphyllum floribus rubellis umbellatis. 
Burm. %/. p. 127. t. 58. / I. ? ■ 

The Azorian Jasmine is a native of the Island of Madeira; 
has been long- cultivated in our greenhouses, and is still held 
in high esteem, both for its fine shining ever-green foliage, 
and the charming fragrance of its flowers, which, under 
favourable circumstances, it will continue to produce nearly 
through the whole year. It is seen to best advantage when 
planted in the border of the conservatory, and its branches 
properly trained to a trellis. Propagated by cuttings. 

Communicated by Messrs. Loddiges and Sons. 


Ml 88$. 



SJh-hy wrth.2fz,7thjL..i8ri. 


( 1890 ) 

Stapelia deflexa. Bent-flowered 


Class and Order. 
Pentandria Digynia. 

Generic Character. 
Asclepiadea. Nectar, duplici stellula tegente genitalia. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Stapelia deflexa ; corollis rugosis ciliatis centro pubescenti- 
bus, laciniis margine revolutis totis recta deflexis ; rostris 
subulatis, alis vix ullis. Jacq. Stap. 

Stapelia deflexa. Bonn Hort. Cant. 

The laciniae of the corolla are ciliated with thick-set 
long hairs, which are at first of a pale brick-dust red, but 
soon change to white. These hairs occupy the whole of the 
central parts, but are there more thinly scattered. The 
colour of the flower within, varies from a brick-dust red 
to a dark brown, and is variegated by transverse rugose 
streaks ; externally, it is pale green, with longitudinal 
reddish streaks. The corolla is divided rather more than 
half- W ay down, and as the bases of the laciniae are con- 
siderably wider than the entire part of the corolla imme- 
diately below, this occasions them to overlap one another, 
and appears to us to be the cause of their being frequently 
bent straight back at this part, which has given occasion to 
Jacquin's name. 

Our drawing was made from a plant communicated by 
Mr. George Graves, in July 1815; and we were favoured 
with the same species, by Messrs. Whitley, Bra me, and 
Milne, last summer. 


T^t.'by.S.U.'TUS .fSJnrtH .M~arr.h.:.i.?:;, 

( 1891 ) 


♦ ♦'♦ ♦ #♦ $ * $ »♦♦£ ♦ » » ♦ » ft 

C7ass and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-gonus, 5-dentatus. Cor. galea incumbens, carinato- 
compressa, barbata, emarginata vel incisa : labium inferius 
proportionatum : lobo medio majore. Stigmatis labium su- 
perius brevius. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Phlomis samia ; foliis cordatis crenatis subtus tomentosis, 
bracteis tripartitis subulatis mucronatis calycem aequan- 
tibus. Desf. Atl. 2. p. 25. mild. Sp. PL 3. p. 120. 
Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 3. p. 408. Venten. Choix des PL 4. 

Phlomis samia : foliis ovatis subtus tomentosis involucris 
subulatis strictis tripartitis. Sp. PL 819. 

Phlomis involucri radiis subulatis strictis. Hort. Cliff. 315. 

Phlomis samia. Flor. Grcec. t. 580. Prodrom. p. 44. 

Phlomis gigantea. Bonn Hort. Cant. ed. Pursh 191. 

There appears to be some doubt, whether this be really 
the Phlomis samia of Linnjeus or not ; we are, however, 
quite satisfied, that it is the same species as the one described 
by Desfontaines, in his Flora Atlantica, and consequently 
it is Willdenow's plant. It is also the Phlomis samia of 
Ventenat, of the Hortus Kewensis, and of the Flora Graeca. 
We do not hesitate, therefore, to retain the name of samia, 
though the Phlomis samia herb acea folio lunarice of Tour- 
nefort is said by Desfontaines to belong to another and 
very different species. 

The Samian Phlomis is a hardy herbaceous perennial, with 
erect strong stems, from two to four feet high, with large 


cordate, obtuse, erenate, radical leaves, cottony on the 
under surface, as are the cauline leaves also. 

Native of the North of Africa. Cultivated in the Chelsea 
Garden, in 1:714, and was many years in the Botanic Garden, 
at Oxford; from whence it was" distributed to several other 
collections ; but is in some danger of being again lost, being, 
we have reason to believe, at present no where to be met with 
in this country, but in the collection of our friend, Mr. 
Lambert, at Boy ton, by whom it was communicated to us. 
Flowers in June and July. 

Imgi. rti$, ft I tarrth. .MvnA..y4 Si 

( 1S92 ) 

Clematis crispa. Curled-flowered 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 
Cal. 0. Petala 4, rarius 5. Sem. caudata. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Clematis crispa ; foliolis ovatis acutis integerrimis, pedun- 
culis petiolis fere brevioribus cernuis, laciniis apice 
revolutis crispatis, aristis seminum subnudis. 

Clematis crispa ; foliis pinnatis ternatisque : foliolis ovato- 
lanceolatis trilobisve integerrimis, corollis campanulatis 
acuminatis margine undulatis, aristis seminum subulatis 
hudis. JVilld. Sp. PL 2. p. 1289. Hort. New. ed. alt. 
3. p. 344. Pursh Flor. Am. Sept. 384. 

Clematis crispa ; foliis simplicibus ternatisque ; foliolis 
integris trilobisve. Sp. PL 765. 

Clematis flore crispo. Dili. Elth. 86. t. 13. f. 84. 

Though the plant here figured is generally believed to be 
the Clematis crispa of LinnjEUS, we are not quite satisfied 
that it is so. There is a considerable difference between the 
foliage of this and the one figured by Dillenius ; nor have 
we ever observed any of the leaflets regularly three-lobed : 
some disposition to a Iobed irregularity in the margin of the 
leaflets, is more or less common in almost every species of 
this genus. 

Our present plant has considerable affinity with the one 
figured at .No. 18 1G, under the name of cor data, a name 


which, we did not observe at the time, had been applied by 
Mr. Pursh to a very different species. Our present plant dif- 
fers from cordata, No. 1816, in its leaflets being not at all 
cordate, and footstalks less divaricate ; peduncles much shorter 
and less strict ; corolla more crisped at the margin, and of a 
less leathery consistence. The aristae of the seeds are not 
naked, but clothed with short adpressed silky hairs ; as 
Willdenow remarks of crispa. 

We received what we take to be a variety of this, with 
smaller, very pale bluish purple flowers, from Mr. Whitley, 
some years ago. 

Native of Carolina. Flowers from July to September, 
Communicated by N. S. Hodson, Esq. of the War-Office. 


No. 1816, 1. 11, and 1. 16, for Clematis cordata^ read Clematis reticulata.-. 




Tub .IfS. Cuftls .W<xhwov&i..]£a,-rch,.u faj. 

( 1893 ) 
Zizypiius Paliurus. Christ's T*iorn. 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. tubulosus. Cor. squamae stamina municntes calyci 
insertee. Drupa mice mono- vel disperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Zizyphus Paliurus; foliis ovatis denticulatis venosissimis, 

floribus trigynis, aculeis geminis, drupa coriacea margine 

Zizyphus Paliurus ; aculeis geminis, inferiore reflexo, flori- 
bus trigynis, drupa coriacea margine alato. Willd. Sp. 

PL 1. p. 1103. Arb. 415. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 2. p. 18. 
Rhamnus Paliurus ; aculeis geminatis : inferiore reflexo. 

floribus trigynis. Sp.Pl.Z9\. Hort. Cliff. 69. Hort. 

lips. 47. Pall. Ross, part 2. p. g7. t. 64. Mart. Mill. 

Diet. Villars Dauph. 2. p. 539. Scop. Carniol. 1. 

p. 164. 
Rhamnus seu Paliurus folio jujubino. Bank. Hist. v. 1. 

part 2. p. 35. 
Rhamnus folio subrotundo, fructu compresso. Bauh. Pin, 

Rhamnus tertius. Camer. Epit. p. 80. Jig. bona. 
Paliurus. Hort. Eyst. Autumn. Ord. 3. t. 9.f. 1. Gerard. 

emac. 1336. Bod. Pempt. 756. Park. Theatr. 1006, 

Lob. Ic.2. 179. / 1. 
Paliurus aculeatus. Desf. Ail. 1. p. 199. Lam. Illustr. 1. 

Paliurus Spina Christi. Mill Diet. 
Paliurus australis. Gcertn. Sem. 1. p. 203. t. 43. /. 5. 

Rhamnus, Zizyphus, Paliurus, and Alaternus, were con- 
sidered by Tournefort as distinct genera, but united by 


Linnaeus under Rhamnus. More modern Botanists have 
been inclined again to separate them ; Lamarck has restored 
all four genera ; Willdenow, whose footsteps are followed 
in the Hortus Kewensis, unites Paliurus and Zizyphus ; 
though, to us, they appear to differ as materially as any two 
of the above genera. 

Zizyphus Paliurus, Lotus, and vulgaris, have all three 
double thorns ; and we have, in most specimens that we 
have seen, found the smaller one to be recurved in Paliurus^ 
as well as in the other two species. 

This plant is said to be very common in all Judaea, and 
the crown of thorns, in which our Saviour was crucified, is 
supposed to have been made of it, from whence the name of 
Christ's Thorn. 

Native of Spain, South of France, Italy, Carniolia, and of 
Taurian Caucasus. 

Propagated by seeds or cuttings. Flowers in June and 
July. Communicated by John Walker, Esq. of Arno's? 


fiA^f-SCurtLa .HTaI-/c^cJi.1f*r«lwu&j 

( 1894 ) 

Hamelia ventricosa. Large-flowered 

•#- ^ -# -% -% ■% ^HJHfc 4 ^h(h8n(H| •$■% * 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia, 

Generic Character. 
Cor. 5-fida. Bacca 5-locuIaris, infera, polysperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Hamelia ventricosa ; racemis terminalibus axillaribusque, 
corollis campanulatis ventricosis, foliis temis. Swartz 
Prodr. 46. Fl. Ind. Occid. 1. p. 446. Willd. Sp. PL 1. 
p. 446. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 1. p. Bib. 

Hamelia grandiflora ; foliis laevigatas, tubo corolla? ventri- 
coso. L' Merit. Sert. Angl. 4. t. 7. Hort. Kew. ed. \ VMU 
1. 229. Par ad. Lond. 55. Mart. Mill. Diet. n. 2. 

Duhamelia ventricosa. Persoon Syn. I. p. 203. 

Campanula arborescens foliis ovato-acuminatis verticillatim 
ternatis, stipulis acuminatis intcrpositis, capsulis quin- 
quelocularibus. Brown Jam. 166. 

Nerio affinis arbor versicolora materie, lauri folio lucido, 
flore pentapetaloide sulphureo amplo. Sloane Hist. 2. 
p. 63. t 183. / 2. ? 

Desc. Leaves mostly three, sometimes four, in a whorl, 
lanceolate, very smooth, veined underneath, quite entire, 
hut a little undulate at the margin. In the axil of each leaf 
's a truncate gland or bud, and between each a warted 
bidentate stipule. Flowers in a terminal, few-flowered 
panicle. Calyx very small. Corolla tubular, with a five- 
cleft border. Filaments spatula-shaped, extended beyond 
the anthers : anthers two distinct lines imbedded in the sides 


of the filament. Germen inferior, globular, five-celled, 
many -seeded : style simple. 

The name of Hamelia, of which there are several species, 
was given in honour of M. Henry Louis* Du Hamel Du 
Monceau, Inspector-General of the French Marine, and 
author of several esteemed works on Trees, by Professor 

Brown, in his History of Jamaica, assigns an altitude of 
eight or ten feet to this tree ; but if the synonym of Sloane, 
generally quoted, but which, we very much suspect, belongs 
to some other species, be correct, it becomes a very large and 
stately tree, affording broad planks, of which there were 
formerly exported great quantities for the use of cabinet- 
makers, under the names of Spanish Elm and Princes Wood. 
With us, it must be cultivated in the bark-stove, where it 
forms a flowering shrub, producing its yellow blossoms from 
September to November. Propagated by cuttings. Intro- 
duced in 1778, by Dr. Thomas Clark. Communicated by 
the Comtesse de Vandes, from her extensive collection at 
Bays -Water. 

* John Baptist Du Hamel, was not Inspector of the Marine, nor ft 
botanical wjriter ; and, therefore, was not the person to whose memory 
Jacquin intended to dedicate the genus Hamelia, corrupted by Linn^us 
to Hamellia, and more properly changed by Persoon to Duhamelia. 


Jbhiy.SXu.Hi<i-W*li,or ih. 

( 1895 ) 

Galinsogea trilorata. Three-lored 

***** ******* ***** 

Class and Order. 
Syngenesia Polygamia Superflua. 

Generic Character. 

Receptaculum paleaceum. Pappus polyphyllus, paleaceus, 
CaL imbricatus. Ruiz et Pavon Prodr. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Galinsogea trilobata ; foliis oblongo-lanceolatis dentatis 
triplinerviis : inferior ibus hastato-trilobis. Willd. Sp, 
PL 3. p. 2228. Hart. Keic. ed. alt. v. 5. p. 122. 

Galinsoga trilobata ; caule herbaceo, foliis trilobis, lobo 
medio productiore, floribus subcorymbosis. Cav. Icon. 3. 
p. 42. t. 282. Persoon Syn. 2. p. 421. 

Native of Peru. A hardy annual. May be cultivated in 
the open border, which it will tend to adorn with its bright 
yellow flowers, from August till October. 

The name was given to the genus in honour of Dr. Marian 
Martin de Galinsoga, at that time first Physician to the 
Queen of Spain and Prefect of the Royal Botanic Garden at 
Madrid, by Messrs. Ruiz and Pavon, authors of the very 
splendid Flora Peruviana, the publication of which has been 
interrupted by the misfortunes of the kingdom ; and it must 
be now very doubtfui when it will be resumed. 

Our drawing was taken several years ago, at Lord 
Holland's garden at Kensington, raised from seeds brought 
by Lady Holland from Madrid. 

Introduced, according to Aiton's Hortus Kcwen&is, by 
the Marchioness of Bute. 



?ui .bfj .CvirKt.Wilin-rth. . Ajtr'CL.lJ.Bi'] . 


( 1896 ) 

Lobelia ilicifolia. Holly-leaved 

C/ass and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-fidus. Cor. l-petala, irregularis. Anth. cohaerentes. 
Caps, infera, 2 — 3-Iocularis. 

Specific Character, 

Lobelia ilicifolia; (glabra) caulibus simplicibus decum- 
bentibus, foliis ovatis undulato-dentatis rigidiusculis, 
pedunculis solitariis subterminalibus recurvis unifloris 

Desc. Root creeping. Stems nearly simple, or some- 
times divided near the base, decumbent, smooth. Leaves 
alternate, ovate, undulated and toothed in the manner of 
holly, inclined to rigid, but not spinous, on short foot-stalks, 
smooth. Peduncle usually one, near the extremity, some- 
times two, or even three : on the same stem, axillary, solitary, 
three times the length of the leaf, naked, recurved, one- 
flowered. Calyx 5-cleft : segments toothed, spreading, equal. 
Corolla irregular, resupinate, the two upper laciniae (lower- 
most by the resupination of the corolla) narrow, acute, and 
very divaricate, the lateral ones obtuse, broad, the lower one 
(by resupination the uppermost) broader than the two upper. 
Unripe capsule globular, fleshy, two-celled. 

A herbaceous, greenhouse plant, and one of the smallest 
and least shewy in this too extensive genus, of which we do 
not find any notice has been hitherto taken. Propagated by 
dividing its roots. Native of the Cape of Good Hope. 
Communicated by John Walker, Esq. of Arno's-Grove. 


( 1897 ) 

Anchusa angustifolia (3,) Purple-flowered 
narrow*leaved bugloss. 

•% ^$ •% -% ~% ■% -fc^ •$ <fc%4 r$ r% %% -$- 

Class and Order. 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. infundibuliformis, faucc clausa fornicibus. Sem. basi 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Anchusa angustifolia ; foliis oblongo-lanceolatis integris ra- 

cemis supremis bipartitis basi diphyllis, calycibus quin- 

quefidis : fructiferis crectis. 
Anchusa angustifolia ; foliis oblongo-lanceolatis integris, 

floribus spicatis, calycibus quinquefidis. Hort. Kew. ed. 

l m * 1. p. 178. ed. alt. 1. p. 289. Willd. Sp. PI. 1. p. 757. 

Flor. Grcec. v. 2. p. 55. t. 164. Smith Prodr. ejusdem 

1. p. 115. 
Anchusa angustifolia ; racemis subnudis conjugatis. Sp. PI. 

191. Pollich Pal. n. 187. 
Buglossum sylvestre majus nigrum. ZanoniRar. Stirp. Hist. 

ed. 2. p. 57. t. 39. 
Buglossum angustifolium minus. Bauh. Pin. 256. Moris. 

3. p. 438. §. 11. t. 26. /4. ? 
Echii facie Buglossum minimum, flore rubente. Lob. Ic. 


Descr. Stem erect, hispid. Leaves oblong-lanceolate or 
rather ligulate, hispid when young, when old much more 
harsh. Branches alternate, axillary, the upper ones ter- 
minating in a double raceme, with a solitary flower in the 
division, and two ovate-acuminate, opposite, sessile leaves at 
the base ; the lower branches generally terminate in a single 
raceme. Pedicles shorter than the calyx. Calyx live-cleft, 
erect, turgid when in fruit. Corolla funnel-shaped : tube 


the length of the calyx, red : limb equal : lacini<e rounded, 
quite entire, violet-purple, more or less mixed with red : faux 
closed with arched villous scales. Anthers sessile, erect, 
alternating" with the scales. Germens four, but one or two, 
sometimes three of them, abortive : style shorter than the 
tube : stigma capitate. 

Anchusa italica, officinalis, and angustifolia, seem to be 
much confused in their synonymy. From the first our plant 
is distinguished, by its smaller size, and more especially by 
the scales of the faux being only villous and not bearded with 
pencils of hairs ; from officinalis, by the double less -crowded 
racemes, in which Retzius remarks, that both italica and 
angustifolia agree, and by the fruit-bearing calyx being 

The figure of Zanoni, referred to as a synonym of an- 
gustifolia in the Hortus Kewensis, corresponds well with 
our plant upon the whole, though the calyx is represented 
as not nearly so deeply divided, and the racemes are entirely 
without leaves or bractes^ except the two at their base : and 
the excellent one in the Flora Grseca evidently represents the 
present species. 

Native of the South of Europe. Flowers in May and 
June. Propagated by seeds, being only biennial. Com- 
municated by Mr. Joseph Knight, of the Exotic Nursery, 
King's-Road, Chelsea, 

PubJy.S.Ciirte . WaMnrffi. .Ajiriti.jSi'j. 

( 1898 ) 

ruscus androgynus. climbing butcherv 


•$-$-$$ *-fr * $■* * •& ~>> $ ^Mmji h# > 

C7ass and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Masc. Cal. 6-phyllus. Cor. 0. Nectarium centrale, 
ovatum, apice perforatum. 

Fem. Cal. Cor. *t Nectarium maris. Stylus 1. Bacca 
trilocularis. Sem. 2. 

Specific Character and Synonyms, 

Ruscus androgynus ; foliis marline floriferis. Willd. Sp. 

PL 4. p. 875. Hort. Kew. ed. 1™- 3. p. 429. ed. alt. 5. 

p. 421. Mart. Mill. Diet. n. 4. Persoon Syn.2. p. 636. 

Hort. Cliff. 466. 4. 
(a.) ybta's subcordato aenminatis, fioribus subsessilibus in 

capitulum multijlorwn congestis. 
Ruscus latifolius e foliorum sinu florifer et baccifer. Dill. 

Hort. Elth. p. 832. t. 250. / 322. 
(fi.) foliis ovato-oblongis acuminatis, fioribus longius pedi- 

cellatis in capitula pauciflora congestas. Herb. Banks. 

ex Hort. Gordon. 
(?) foliis ovato-oblongis acuminatis, fioribus solitariis, 

pedicellis for em cequantibus. Heic depicta. 
(£) foliis crassioribus altius sinuatis, capitidis paucifioris. 

Herb. Banks, ex Horto R. Collinson. 
(i.) ? foliis rotundato-ovalibus bullatis. Herb. Banks, sine 


Whether some of the varieties, above enumerated, may 
not be more properly considered as distinct species, we 


will not take upon us to determine. The first variety (a.) 
which is marked in the Banksian Herbarium, as agreeing 
with the one in the Linnean, and was originally in that of 
Miller, exactly corresponds with Dillenius's figure, and has 
a great number of nearly sessile flowers, crowded together into 
one capitulum, and seldom more than one of these heads of 
flowers on one leaf. In our plant (y.) the flowers were 
solitary, growing along the margin, several on the same 
leaf, which is much larger. This appears sufficiently distinct 
from Dillenius's plant, but (3 and $ making intermediate 
links, we think it safer to unite them under one. Of the last 
variety (f) we know nothing but from the specimen above 
quoted, the species of which, from the defect of flowers, 
cannot be certainly ascertained. 

A climbing plant, which, if planted in the border of the 
conservatory, will extend many feet. Flowers most part of 
the summer. Native of the Canary-Islands. Communicated 
by John Walker, Esq. of Amo's-Groye. 


HJi.ty.$jju!rtif .W«L-wcyt/i JtfarU. u A n ■ 

WOi^ Sc 

( 1899 ) 

Spielmannia africana. Ilex-leaved 

-fc fc# %•%■ M- 3^- JHlfr %■ $•$•#$- fa fa 

Class and Order. 


Tetrandria Monogynia Persoon. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. 5-fidus. Corolla? limbus, 5-fidus : faux villis clausa, 
Stigma uncinatum. Drupa nuce 2-loculari, tuberculata. 

Specific Name and Synonyms. 

Spielmannia africana. Willd. Sp. PL 3. p. 321. Hort. Kew. 

ed. alt. 4. 'p. 45. Persoon Syn. 1. p. 141. Lam. 111. 1. 

p. 336. t. 85. Martyn Mill. Diet. 
Spielmannia Jasminum ; foliis alternis sessilibus decurrenti- 

bus, floribus sessiiibus. Medic, in Act. Palat. v. 3. Phys. 

p. 198. 
Lantana? africana; foliis alternis sessilibus, floribus soli- 

tariis. Sp. PI 875. Reich. 3. p. 167. Hort. Cliff, p. 

320. Hort. Kew. ed. 1"- 2. p. 353. 
Jasminum africanum ilicis folio flore solitario ex alis foliorum. 

proveniente. Commel. Rar. p. 6. t. 6. 

Descr. Ste?n shrubby : branches succulent, opposite, 
rounded, with four jagged wings from the decurrent leaves. 
Ltaves ovate, acute, rigid, unequally sawed : serratures sub- 
pungent, lower ones opposite, upper ones alternate. Flowers 
white, solitary, axillary ; according to Commelin, fragrant, 
like common Jasmine ; but Miller takes no notice of this 
scent, nor do we remember to have observed it. Calyx five- 
partite : leaflets subulate. Corolla salver-shaped : tube dilated 


at the base, longer than the calyx, hairy : limb deeply five- 
cleft, lacinice flat, rounded at the end, somewhat undulate- 
toothed at the margin, marked with a blue streak at their 
base: faux closed with villi, not quite equal, and bilabiately 
arranged. Stamens four within the tube : filaments equal. 
Germen ovate, smooth: style shorter than tube: stigma 

Linnjeus himself expressed a doubt, whether this plant 
belonged to the genus Lantana, and left it uncertain, till the 
fruit should be examined; this has been since done by 
Medicus ; who. in consequence, established it as a distinct 
genus, which he named Spielmannia, in honour of Dr. 
James Reinbold Spielmann, Professor of Botany, at 

On account of the equality of the stamens, Lamarck and 
Persoon have removed Spielmannia to the Class Tetrandria ; 
but by so doing, they have separated it from the plants to 
which it is nearly allied. It may be observed too, that 
although the stamens are not didynamous, the bilabiate 
arrangement of the lacinije of the corolla and its whole habit 
shew its approach to that class ; and many others of the 
Verbenacea, to which natural family both Lantana and it 
belong, have their stamens equal. 

Native of the Cape of Good-Hope. A hardy greenhouse 
shrub, requiring only to be protected from frost ; and easily 
propagated by cuttings. It appears to have been cultivated 
in England in 1710. Flowers from February to November. 
Communicated by John Walker, Esq. of Arno's-Grove. 

Xi 9 


X-ub . by. S.CwrtU TTalwrtt.. Jprll.j..i6lJ- 

( 1900 ) 
Alpinia cernua. Drooping Alpinia. 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Anthera duplex. Filam. extra antheram non elongatum. 
Stylus Iongitudine filamenti, in sulco antherse receptus. 
Stigma obsolete trigonum. Caps, carnosa. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Alpinia cernua ; racemo terminali cernuo, nectario apice 
bifido, foliis lanceolatis acuminatis spinuloso-denticulatis, 
genuine villoso. 

Alpinia calcarata. Bot. Regist. 141. ? 

Globba erecta. Redoute Liliac. 174. ? 

Alpinia cernua is smaller in all its parts than nutans, to 
which it is very closely allied,, but is considerably stouter than 
Lambert's calcarata, figured in the Botanist's Repository. 
Leaves lanceolate, smooth, with oblique parallel veins, 
margin irregularly toothed with small spinescent teeth, apex 
elongated, linear : petiole sheathing with a dark-coloured 
stipular process or ligula of Curtis. Inflorescence a ter- 
minal compound raceme ; common peduncle cernuous, villous, 
articulate ; partial peduncles very short, villous, one, two, 
or three-flowered. Bractes boat-shaped, membranaceous, 
subdiaphanous, smaller than the flower, deciduous. Calyx 
(outer perianthium of Brown) tubular, three-toothed, mouth 
oblique. Corolla (inner perianthium of Brown) having the 
three outer laciniae equal, shining ivory white, connected at 
the base into a curved tube : inner laciniae unequal, consist- 
ing chiefly of one large (nectarium of Linnaeus, Labellum of 
some authors) and two very small spur-like processes at its 
base (lateral lacinice of Brown) : nectarium oblong, some- 
what boat-shaped, beautifully streaked with red and orange ; 
a pcx purple, curled, bifid. Filaments nearly the length of 
the nectarium. Germen villous, style the length of the fila- 
ment, in the dorsal groove of which it is concealed : stigma 
funnel-shaped, fringed with hair. 


Upon consulting Mr. Lambert's herbarium, we find the 
Very specimen after which the drawing of Renealmia cal- 
carata in the Botanist's Repository was made, from Which 
we are satisfied that our plant is very different from it; the 
leaves of calcarata being narrower, more linear, smooth at 
the edge, and without any subulate elongation of the point. 
At the same time we must acknowledge that Alpinia calcarata 
of the Botanical Register, the Globba erecta of Redoute, may 
be a mere variety of our plant with an upright instead of a 
drooping peduncle. We believe too that the calcarata of 
Roxburgh, though not the one figured in the Botanist's 
Repository, may be only a variety of our plant ; for although 
he describes it as having an erect raceme, yet Ave find in 
Mr. Lambert's herbarium a specimen from Roxburgh himself 
of calcarata, which has a drooping raceme, and appears to be 
in no respect different from our plant. That this bending of 
the peduncle is not, however, an accidental circumstance, 
we are satisfied from the number of specimens we have seen 
in the same condition. In the Banksian herbarium is a 
specimen, sent from the East-Indies by Dr. Roxburgh, under 
the name of Amomum raccmosum, which, though imperfect, 
appears to be evidently the same species as our plant. To 
this is affixed a note by Mr. Salisbury, signifying that it is a 
congener of Alpinia nutans, than which it has been a longer 
* ,nle in our gardens, having been introduced by the late 
Air. Slater, when he first began to collect. This must have 
been before the year 1790. 

The spur-like processes at the base of the nectarium, 
supposed by Brown to be the rudiments of the lateral laciniae, 
are not peculiar to calcarata, but common to most, if not 
nil of the species of the genus ; and are indeed found, more 
or less, in most of the natural order, where the two lateral 
laciniae are defective. In Alpinia mutica, however, to which 
species we were at one time inclined to refer our plant, and 
from which, perhaps, it may not be specifically distinct; 
these processes are said by Roxburgh to be entirely want- 
ing. It also differs from the present subject, in having a larger 
three-lobed nectarium and an erect raceme. 

We have, on the authority of Mr. Salisbury, already 
stated, that this plant was introduced by the late G. Slater, 
ksq. before the year 1790. Propagated by suckers. Flowers 
m June. Native of the East-Indies. * Communicated by 
John Walker, Esq. of Arno's-GroYe. 

CuriU .TTaL-vifrth Jf*fjjt 

( 1901 ) 


jjHHfrJHHMHfrfr * $ ft ♦ »M ♦ 

Cfoss *rad Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. campanulatus, 4-dentatus. Cor. 4-petala, petalis apice 
reflexis. C«/?s. 4-locularis, 4-valvis, loculis monospermis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

CorrjEA virens ; foliis oblongis basi cordatis, floribus pen- 

dulis, dentibus calycinis elongatis. Smith Exot. Bot. 2. 

p. 25. t. 12. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 2. p. 349. 
Corr^ea virens ; foliis oblongo-cordatis ; corolla cylindrica, 

pendula : petalis cohaerentibus ; acuminibus discretis, 

patulisque. Bot. Regist. 3. 
Corrjea viridiflora. Bot. Repos. 436. 
Correa reflexa. Vent. Malm. 13. Pers. Syn. I. p. 419. 
Mazeutoxeron reflexum. LabiUard. Voyage a la Recherche 

de la Pcy rouse, 2. p. 11. t. 19. 

Though the flowers of this species are far less shewy 
than those of Correa speciosa, No. 1746, yet from its 
brighter green foliage and a certain singularity of aspect, 
arising principally from the terminal leaves of the flowering 
branches being reflected over the pendulous flower, so as 
frequently to conceal it when young from the eye, the virens 
is hardly a less desirable shrub. Like speciosa, it is covered 
with a stellated pubescence, which disappears from the upper 
surface on the adult leaves. 

Being a native of Van Diemen's Island as well as of New 
South- Wales, it is tolerably hardy, and would probably bear 
our milder winters at least without shelter ; but at present it 
»s cultivated as a greenhouse shrub. Thrives best in peat 
mould. Flowers at very different seasons of the year. 

Our drawing was made at Messrs. Whitley and Co/s 
m April. Introduced about the year 1800, by George 
Hibbert, Esq. 


Tub.ij. g. &rLe . m**rtL Jfcy. u&J 


( 1902 ) 

Gnidia oppositifolia. Opposite-leaved 


Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. 0. Cor. 4-fida : Squamulce 4 vel 8 supra faucem. 
Nux subdrupacea. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Gnidia oppositifolia ; foliis oppositis lanceolatis* ovatisve 

acutis glabris, squamulis quatuor. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 2. 

p. 413. 
Gnidia oppositifolia ; foliis oppositis Ianceolatis. Linn. 

Mant. 375. Syst. Veget. ed. 13. p. 302. 
Gnidia oppositifolia. Bot. Regist. 2. 
Gnidia laevigata. Thunb.Prodr.67. Bot. Repos. 89. Wendl. 

Obs. 17. t.2.f 14. 
ThymeljEA africana Sanamundae prioris Clusii facie. Pluk. 

Aim. 367. t. 323. / 7. 
0. Passerina laevigata ; foliis ovatis glabris acutis., coma et 

lloribus purpureis. Sp. PI. 513. 
Thymel^a foliis planis acutis, coma et floribus purpureis. 

Burm. Afr. 137. t. 49./. 3. 
Nectandra laevigata ; foliis oppositis ovatis acutis glabris, 

summitatibus coloratis, floribus aggregatis terminalibus, 

nectariis quaternis. Berg. Cap. 134. 

When much exposed to the air and a powerful sun, the 
Gnidia oppositifolia shews a good deal of purple colour at 
the extremities of the branches, which extends, at least in 
the dried plant, to the flowers. But we have such various 
gradations of this colour, that we consider variety (3 of Lin- 
nftvn scarcely worthy to be distinguished even as a variety, 


being an accidental change arising" purely from exposure to a 
greater intensity of light. 

There is a good deal of confusion in the synonymy of this 
species,, which has been happily elucidated by Mr. Bellenden 
Ker, in the first number of the Botanical Register. 

Young Botanists are liable to be exceedingly puzzled by 
the four bodies so nearly resembling anthers inserted in the 
margin of the corolla (calyx of Jussieu) and alternating with 
its laciniae. These bodies are called nectaria by Bergius, 
upon Linnean principles, though designated as petals by 
Linnaeus, who has, in this instance, deviated from his usual 
language, in terming that part a calyx, which, throughout 
the whole natural order, he had elsewhere termed a corolla. 
The real anthers in this genus are concealed within the tube 
of the flower, 

A handsome greenhouse shrub. Native of the Cape of 
Good-Hope. Propagated by cuttings, which strike readily. 
Flowers from May to October. Introduced by Mr. Francis 
Masson in 1783. Communicated by Messrs. Loddiges and 


( 1903 ) 
Alpinia nutans. Large Drooping Alpinia, 

»f $ » ♦ $ ♦» $ $$ > $$ $ t » »» 

C/ass «wd Order. 
MonAndria Monogynia . 

Generic Character. 

Anthera duplex. Filam. extra antheram non elongatum. 
Stylus longitudine filamenti, in sulco antherae receptus. 
Stigma obsolete trigonum. Caps, carnosa. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Alpinia nutans; nectario obsolete trilobato margine invo- 
lute, foliis lanceolatis, capsula membranacea lanuginosa. 
Roscoe in Linn. Soc. Trans. 8. p. 346. Smith Exot. 
Bot. 2. p. 93. t. 106. 

Globba nutans. Per soon Syn. 1. p. 3. Redoute Liliac. 60, 
mild. Sp. PL 1. 153. ? 

Globba sylvestris. Rumph. Amboyn. v. 6. p. 140. t. 62. et 

Renealmia nutans. Bot. Repos. 360. Single plate, by Syd. 
Edwards. Willd. Enum. p. 3. 

Zerumbet speciosum. Wendl. Sert. Hannov. p. 3. t. 18. 

Linnaeus having himself had very little opportunity of 
examining living plants of very few of the natural order of 
Scitamineae, left them established by such vague characters, 
that no Botanist has been able to arrange the several species 
since detected under his genera, which has induced the 
greatest confusion in the synonymy. Retzius attempted to 
establish better defined genera from the descriptions of 
Kosnig, but from the insufficiency of his materials could not 
be expected to be very successful. It was not till the publi- 
cation of Roscoe's Dissertation upon the Scitaminea, in the 
8th volume of the Transactions of the Linnean Society, that 


the different genera of this order were established upon any 
thing; like permanent characters. Since this publication, the 
labours of Roxburgh, of Dryander, and Brown, have 
vastly increased our knowledge of the species, and facilitated 
our right understanding of the parts of fructification upon 
which the generic distinctions must be founded. 

The synonym of Globba sylvestris of Rumphius, above 
referred to, though always quoted as belonging to our plant, 
appears to us extremely dubious ; neither the laboured de- 
scription nor the figures seeming to us to apply to it. 

This species, as well as calcarata, has the spur-like 
appendixes at the base of the nectarium or labellum ; indeed 
Mr. Brown observes, that these are generally if not always 
present in the one-lipped plants of this order, and are con- 
sidered by him as the rudiments of the two lateral laciniae of 
the internal limb of the corolla. In Alpinia mutica of 
Roxburgh, however, they are said to be entirely wanting. 

This very beautiful plant is a native of China, and 
of the East- Indies. Is usually considered as a stove 
plant, but should be allowed plenty of air ; nor does it 
require much artificial heat, except to bring it into flower. 
Propagated by the tubers of the roots. Flowers in the 
spring and summer. Introduced about the year 1792, by 
the Right Hon. Sir Joseph Banks, Bart. 


No. 190Q, 1. 1, for Uhooping, read Small proofing. 


JU.fyS.f 4.*. 

( 1904 ) 

Gardenia amcena. Crimson-tipped 

friM-fr* * ♦ » » ♦ ♦ » i* ♦ ♦ » » » 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Bacca infera, 2-locularis polysperma. Antherce sessiies 
feuce corollas. Stigma bilamellatum. 


Specific Character. 

Gardenia amana ; spinis axillaribus rectis folio ovali acuto 
glabro brevioribus, calyce campanulato denticulato, flori- 
bus terminalibus solitariis. 

This species of Gardenia, desirable for the fragrance as 
well as beauty of its flowers, does not appear to have been 
described in any systematic work ; nor are we aware that it 
has been hitherto noticed by any author. 

It was communicated to -us some years ago, by Messrs. 
Loddiges and Sons, in whose stove it flowered in June. 
Being obtained from the collection of the Marquis of Bland - 
ford, at White-Knights, its native country was unknown to 
them, but supposed to be the East-Indies or China. 

It is pretty generally known in the principal nurseries, by 
the name of G. spinosa, but is certainly totally distinct from 
that species, which has spines longer than the leaves. 

( 1905 ) 


Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cat. diphyllus. Cor. 0. Stylus bifidus. Caps. 2-valvis, 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Bocconia cordata ; foliis cordatis sublobatis. Hort. Kew. 
ed. alt, 3. p. 141. Wilkl. Sp. PL 2. p. 841. Persoon 
Syn. 2. p. 1. Jacq. fragm. 63. t. 93. /. 1. 

The Bocconia cordata is a hardy herbaceous perennial, 
which, for the singularity of its foliage and fine large feathery 
panicles of flowers, is well deserving a place in every large 
garden. It is, when viewed at a distance, that its peculiar 
appearance is more especially striking. 

The stamens are very numerous, about 30, and the capsule 
according to Jacquin, contains four seeds inserted in the 
margin; in the germen we have observed sometimes four and 
sometimes six ovula. The filaments are long and hair-like ; 
stigma sessile, 2-lobed. 

In all these circumstances it differs from its supposed con- 
gener, Bocconia frutescens, with which in other respects 
it very much corresponds. But some of the above characters 
seem to us so important, as to render it doubtful how far 
these plants should be considered as belonging: to the same 

Native of China, from whence it was introduced into this 
country by Sir George Staunton, Bart, in 1795. Is pro- 
pagated by dividing its roots, and thrives best in a light loamy 
soil. Flowers in August and September. Our drawing was 
taken some years ago in the Botanic Garden of Mr. William 
Salisbury, at Brompton. 


f M M.-t]J.Cm>rbt.lU.mKh.JtitJ.2.lBl^. 

Xigo6.'WcOutm-UL. KvfutlJ 

( 1906 ) 
Grislea tomentosa. Woodford's Grislea. 

♦ ♦♦♦+ * >♦♦<♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cat. 4-fidus. Petala 4, ex incisuris calycis. Filamcnta 
8—12, longissima, adscendentia. Caps, globosa, supera, 
1 -locularis, polysperma. 

Specific Character and Sj/nom/ms. 

Grislea tomentosa ; foliis sessilibus subtus tomentosis, 
corymbis axillaribus patulis. Willd. Sp. PI. 2. p. 321 
Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 2. p. 320. Bot. Regist. 30. 

Grislea tomentosa. Roxb. Corom. I. p. 29. t. 31. 

Woodfordia floribimda. Salisb. in Parad. Lond. 42. 

Lythrum fruticosum ; foliis oppositis subtus tomentosis, 
floribus decandris, corollis calyce, calyceque genitalibus 
brevioribus. Sp. PL 641. Reich. 2. p. 427. Bot. Renos. 

This beautiful shrub was considered by Linnaeus as a 
species of Lythrum, to which genus it is certainly allied. 
Dryander, in Roxburgh's Coromandel Plants, made it a 
species of Grislea, in which he has been followed in the 
Hortus Kewensis. Mr. Salisbury, in the Paradisus Londi- 
nensis, has thought proper to raise it to the rank of a genus, 
to which he gave the name of Woodfordia, in honour of 
Emp. John Alexander Woodford, Esq. who was formerly 
a great cultivator of rare plants at Vauxhall, and to whom 
our gardens are still indebted for several beautiful acquisitions 
from the Brazils. If it be really a species of Grislea, we 
think that genus should be removed into the class of Do- 
decandria, where it would stand in company with Lythrum 
and Cuphea, its nearest relatives. 

Native of China and of the East-Indies ; growing in the 
hilly country in the northern provinces. Propagated by 
cuttings. Requires to be kept in the stove. Introduced in 
1804, by Mr. William Salisbury, of the Botanic Garden, 
in Sloane-Street. Flowers in May and June. 


\ --I 

P-Jb triS.C-wrUa 

( 1907 ) 
Inula glandulosa. Glandulous Inula. 

Class and Order. 
Syngenesia Polygamia Superflua. 

Generic Character. 

Recept. nudum. Pappus pilosus. Anthene basi in setas 
duas desinentes. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Inula glandulosa ; foliis sessilibus oblongis obsolete serratis 
serraturis glandulosis, caule hirsuto unifloro, calycinis 
squamis lanceolatis villosis. Willd. Sp. PL 3. ». 2097. 
Enum. 896. Marsch. a Bieb. Fl. Taur. Cauc. 2. » 319 
Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 5. p. 78. 

Inula glandulosa; hirta ; foliis ovalibus sessilibus glandu- 
losis, caule simplicissimo unifloro, calycinis squamis 
subulatis hirsutis nigricantibus. Adam apud Weber et 
Mohr Catal. 1. p. 68. n. 40. 

Inula orientals. Lam. Diet. 3. p. 255. n. 6. 

|3. Inula grandiflora. Willd. Sp. PI. 3. p. 2096. 

Aster orientalis conyzae folio, flore luteo maximo. Tourn 
Carol. 36. 

The glands along the margin of the leaf, which afford the 
name to this plant, are in some specimens much less evident 
than in others ; and, in the radical leaves, for the most part, 
entirely wanting. 

In the specimen from which our drawing was made, com- 
municated in July 1813, by Messrs. Loddiges and Sons, the 
black glands were extremely distinct along the margins of the 
upper leaves ; but in one communicated in June, the follow- 
ing year, they were very indistinct. 

To us the leaves appeared to be quite entire, except 
that the glands gave them a denticulate appearance, but 


Willdenow observes, that, when closely inspected, they 
may be observed to be obsoletely serrate, bearing the glands 
on the points of the serratures. As, therefore, grandiflora is 
distinguished from ghmdulosa, only by having seriated leaves 
with the glands terminating the serratures ; the two may be 
safely concluded to be only varieties of the same species. 

A hardy perennial. Native of Georgia and the Caucasian 
Alps. Flowers in June and July. Propagated by parting its 
roots or by seeds. Cultivated in 1801. Communicated by 
Messrs. Lobmges and Soas, 

( 1908 ) 


-£- £•$ $ Jfr $- 3ft ^- «- $•$• '^ * # *■■*" ^ #" 

C&zss awtZ Order. 


Generic Character. 
Cal. 2-labiatus : -f-. Legumen basi attenuatci m. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Cytisus proliferus ; floribus umbellatis lateralibus, caulibus 

erectis, foliis ellipticis acutis subtus sericeis, calycibus 

lanatis. liort. Kew. ed. 1^- 3. p. 51.— erf. alt. 4. p. 382. 

Willd. Sp. PI. 3. p. 1126. Persoon Syn. 2. p. 310. 

Bot. Regist. 121. 
Cytisus proliferus ; umbellis dxillaribus sessilibus proliferis, 

foliis ternatis petiolatis : foliolis lanceolatis sericeis, brac- 

teis nliformibus. Linn. Suppl. 328. 
Cytisus proliferus ; floribus in medio gem marum verticillatis, 

foliolis ovali-lanceolatis sericeis, staminibus monadelpliis. 

Ventenat Hort. Cels. 13. 

De?cr. Stem arborescent, with slender drooping- branches. 
Leaves ternate on short footstalks : leaflets oval-lanceolate, 
pointed at both extremities, clothed on the underside with 
silky adpressed hairs. Flowers white, growing; in sessile 
umbels, on long- slender pedicles of a reddish colour. After 
flowering 1 , the bud in the centre of the umbel is elongated 
into a branch, whence the umbel is said to be proliferous. 
Two small opposite bractes near the calyx are deciduous very 
early, and therefore frequently wanting. Calyx reddish, 
two-lipped : upper-lip shortest with two divaricate teeth : 
lower-lip longer, acute, and apparently quite entire ; but, 
when closely examined, found to be divided into three very 
short teeth, lying; close together, and so concealed by the 
woolly pubescence as to be difficultly detected. Corolla 


papilionaceous, snow-white: vexillum orbicular, emarginate, 
clawed, folded back at the sides : nice projecting forward, 
plain, the size of the vexillum : carina considerably shorter. 
Stamens monadelphous, or having all the filaments connected: 
anthers incumbent : germen oblong, villous : style longer 
than the stamens : stigma capitate. The pedicles, calyxes, 
and young shoots, are covered with a soft woolly pubescence. 

The name of proliferus was given to this plant, from the 
circumstance of young shoots springing from the centre of 
the umbel. 

In a roomy greenhouse, when grown into a small tree, 
with its pendulous branches covered with a profusion of snow- 
white blossoms, as it usually is early in the spring, there are 
few more ornamental inmates. 

Propagated by cuttings. Our drawing was taken several 
years ago, at Malcolm's nursery, Stockwell-Common, where 
the beautiful appearance of a fine old tree, accompanied by 
one of equal size of Mimosa verticillata, both in full bloom 
at the same time, still remains impressed on our memory. 

Our description was taken from a specimen communicated 
lately by Messrs. Whitley, Brame, and Milne. Native of 
the Canary Islands. Introduced in 1779. 


f^b'by 3. Cu.TUsWalj*arth,. 1.381-] 

( 1909 ) 

Menyanthes ovata. Oval-leaved Cape 

Cfoss «wd Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 
Cor. hirsute. Stig?na bifidum. Caps. 1-locularis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Menyanthes ovata ; foliis ovatis petiolatis, caule paniculato. 

Hort. Kew. ed. \ ma - I. p. 196. ed. alt. I. p. 312. Linn. 

Suppl.\3S. mild. Sp.Pl.l.p.SW. Persoon Sun. 1. 

j». 171. A/«r*. Mi//. Z>/^. 3. 
Villarsia ovata. Vent. Choix. 9. 
Menyanthes capensis; foliis ovatis, caule paniculato, Thurih. 

Prodr. 34. 
Uenealmia capensis. Houtt. Hist. Nat. 8. p. 335. tAl.f. I. 

//oMtf, Lm». i^?. %«/. G./j. 319. *. 47./ 1. 

The oval-leaved or Cape Buck-bean is a handsome water 
plant, which requires the protection of the greenhouse in the 
winter. If planted in a common garden-pot in bog-earth, 
with a slight admixture of loam, set in a deepish pan, con- 
stantly supplied with water, and exposed to the open air in a 
warm situation, it will flower much stronger than when kept 
in the cistern of the stove. Flowers in May and June. Com- 
municated by Mr. Wilson, of Islington. Native of the Cape 
of Good-Hope. Introduced by Mr. Francis Masson, in 1786. 




£ \ 

r 1 ; 




- : r 



( 1910 ) 

Menispermum canadense. Canadian 

#^ $ ft $ -SMMM *# $*& # *♦$ '* 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Masc. Cal. 2-phyllus. Petala 4>, s. 6 } exteriora ; 6 in- 
teriora. Stam. 16. 

Pem. Cor. maris. Stam. 8, sterilia. Germina % s. 3. 
Baccce binsBj 1 -sperms. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Menispermum canadense; foliis peltatis cordatis subrotundo- 

angulatis (racemis compositis). Sp. PL 1468. I fort. 

Cliff. 140. Reich, 4. p. 272. Willd, 4. p. 824. Persoon 

Syn. 2. p. 627. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 5. p. 404. Willich 

Obs. 14. Medicus in Obs. Soc. (Econ. Lutr. 1774. p. 226. 

Miller Illustr. Gmel. Sib. 3. p. 107. n. 86. Gronov. 

Virg. Mo. p. 56. 8vo. p. 153. Schkuhr Handb. 3. p. 492. 

t. 337. Pursh Amer. Sept. 2. p. 370. 
Menispermum canadense ; foliis peltatis subreniformibus 

angulosis, racemis longe pedunculatis. Michaux FL 

Bor. Amer. 2. p. 241. 
Menispermum canadense scandcns, umbilicato folio. Tournef. 

Act. 1705.^.237. t. 4. 
Hedera monophyllos convolvuli folio virginiana. Pluk. Aim. 

181. t. 36./. 2. 
Cissampelos sive Melaccocissos. Rupp. FL Jen. ed. 2. p. 53. 

cr/. Hatter, p. 67. 
Cissampelos smilacina. Jacq. Icon. 3. t. 629. Collect. 4. 

jo. 128. /-for*. Kew. ed, alt. v. p. 413. 

Menispermum canadense is a hardy climbing shrub, which 
varies considerably in the angles of its leaves being- more or 
less acute, and sometimes nearly or quite obsolete ; and this 


circumstance has probably been the cause of the great con- 
fusion that occurs in the synonymy of the three supposed 
species, canadense, virginianum, and carolinianum, 

Mr. Pursh makes the second only a variety of the first, 
excluding the synonym of Dillenius, which he refers to the 
last, the Wendlandia populifolia of Willdenow ; Michaux 
likewise omits virginianum altogether. If Dillenius had 
not described the berries as black, which in carolinianum 
are agreed to be red, there appears to us to be no objection 
to this, Dillenius's description of the female flower agreeing 
exactly with Wendland's figure. But then Pursh has also 
referred Cissampelos smilacina of Jacquin to the same, 
which we cannot hesitate in pronouncing to be a good repre- 
sentation of our plant, and totally different from the figures 
of Dillenius, Wend land, and Catesby. Upon the whole, 
we are inclined to believe that there are only two species, 
and that probably Cissampelos smilacina should be expunged 
altogether, and more certainly from the Hortus Kewensis. 

The Canadian Moon-seed has been long cultivated in our 
gardens, but we have never seen any but male plants; 
Jacquin's plant was also male ; but the one examined by 
Medicus at Lautern, was a female, and the male was un- 
known to him. 

These plants grow naturally in North-America, on the 
banks of rivers and on the sides of fertile hills, climbing 
among other shrubs. Propagated by layers. Communicated 
by John Walker, Esq. in July 1815. 

" •■"^.n.Walwrrth..f^mt 1 jJ'r 

( 1911 ) 
Hibiscus radiatus. Rayed Hibiscus. 


Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cat. duplex t exterior polyphyllus. Stigmata 5. Caps. I- 
locularis, polysperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Hibiscus radiatus; aculeatus, foliis palmato-digitatis quinque- 
partitis serratis, stipulis lanceolatis, calycibus ciliatis 
eglandulosis : externo decem-radiato, caule fruticoso. 

Hibiscus radiatus; caule frutescente viridi aculeato, foliis 
palmatis digitationibus lanceolatis dentatis, floribus bre- 
viter pedunculatis. Cavan. Diss. 3. p. 150. t. 54./. 2. 

Hibiscus radiatus ; foliis serratis septein- s. quinque-partitis 
palmatis, laciniis lanceolatis acuminatis, caule petiolis 
pedunculis calycibusque aculeatis, calycibus exterioribus 
decaphyllis aristato-ciliatis. Willd. Sp. PL 3. 824. 

Hibiscus radiatus was raised in the garden, at Madrid, 
by Professor Cavanilles, from seeds sent him by Sir Joseph 
Banks. It differs from cannabinus, with which it has been 
confounded, in being shrubby, not an annual ; in its leaves 
being more deeply divided into five segments, and wanting 
the gland at the base of the midrib ; in having the outer calyx 
the length of the inner, ten-rayed, more spreading, and the 
inner calyx without glands. It has the same acid taste as 
cannabinus. Like surattensis (1356) each segment of the 
outer calyx is furnished with a little appendix near the tip, 
but not nearly so remarkable as in that, and indeed some- 
times scarcely visible, and often not at all in the dried plant. 


Native of the East-Indies. Requires to be kept in the 
stove. Flowers in September and October. Communicated 
by John Walker, Esq. of Arno's-Grove. 

a. The two calyxes in fruit, b. The ripe capsule, c. A seed. 

( 1911 ) #**?"_ 

Hibiscus cannabinus. Hemp-leaved 

* ♦ » » » » »>» ♦ » » » » » » j» 

Cfom «nrf Order. 


Generic Character. 

CW. duplex: exterior polyphyllus. Stigmata 5. Caps 
o-loculans, polysperma. r 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Hibiscus cannabinus ; foliis serratis : superioribus palmatis 
qumquepartitis subtus uniglandulosis, caule aculeato 
flonbussessilibus. Sp. PL 979. mild. 3. p. 822. Reich 
3_p. 362. Persoon Syn. 2. p. 256. n. 44. Martyn Mill. 
Diet, n 26. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 4. p. 228. Roxb. Corom. 
2. p. 48. t. 190. Burm. Ind. p. 152. 

Hibiscus cannabinus : caule herbaceo glabro, foliis superi- 
oribus palmatis serratis uniglandulosis, floribus sessilibus 
calycibus glandulosis. Cav. Diss. 3. p. 148 t 52 f. 1 

Hibiscus vitifolius. Mill. Diet. ed. 8. n. 18. 

Alcea benghalensis spinosissima, acetosas sapore, flore luteo 
pallido: umbone purpurascente. Commel. Hort. 1. p 35 
t. 18. * 

Ketmia indica, foliis digitatis, flore magno sulphureo: umbone 
atro-purpureo, petiolis spinosis. Ehret. t. 6.f. 1. 

Ketmia indica vitis folio, magno flore. Tournef. Inst. 100. ? 

Ketmia indica cannabinis foliis, Bangue dicta. Burm. Zeyl. 
135. Rejectis synonymis pluribus ; non est quidem 
planta, ex qua Bangue Indorum paratur. 

Gong-Kura of the Tanners. 

This plant is cultivated in the East-Indies, both as a pot- 
herb and for the manufacture of a coarse kind of hemp ; the 
leaves having a pleasant acid taste, not unlike sorrel, and the 


stalks containing- a fibrous substance, capable of being made 
into cordage, but which is neither so strong- nor so durable 
as that made from hemp. 

It has been probably owing to the circumstance of its being 
applied to the same purpose and of the similarity of its foliage 
with that of the hemp, that it has by some authors been 
mistaken for the plant producing the Bang, an intoxicating 
substance made use of in the East, the principal ingredient 
of which appears to be a species of hemp. 

Our plant was very similar to the figure of Commelin, 
above quoted ; but Roxburgh's representation has a different 
aspect, being taken from a very young plant, in which the 
lower leaves are simple and heart-shaped, those on the middle 
of the stem three-lobed, and only a few at the top deeply 
divided into five segments. 

It is a tender annual, requiring to be kept constantly in 
the stove, where it will attain the height of five or six feet. 

Flowers with us in September and October, and will ripen 
its seeds by the end of the year. 


a. A ripe capsule, b. The interior calyx, shewing the Large glands on the 
inner side. c. A seed. 


^Jy^^-^-KAwAjm^ tAl 

rage iwis w uc rauucucuj aim mis icarlt 

( 1912 ) 
Symphytum orientale. Eastern Comfrey. 

Class and Order. 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Corolla limbus tubulato-ventricosus : fauce clausa radiis 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Symphytum orientale; foliis lanceolato-ovatis undulatis in 

petiolum decurrentibus : floralibus porrectis, limbo co- 

rollae infundibuliformi acutiusculo. 
Symphytum orientale; foliis ovatis subpetiolatis. Sp. PL 

195. Willd. 1. p. 111. excluso synonymo Tournefortii. 
Symphytum constantinopolitanum, Boraginis folio et facie, 

flore albo. Buxb. Cent. 5. p. 36. t. 68. pessima. 

We have given a figure of Symphytum tauricum (No. 1787) 
by comparing which with the present, the difference will at 
once be seen. This is a taller plant, less branched, leaves 
longer, more lance-shaped, and not at all cordate, as the 
lower ones in taurica are ; we have said there, that the 
leaves of orientale were less undulated, but in that we were 
deceived by examining dried specimens. The floral leaves 
do not spread horizontally as in tauricum, but stand upright 
or pointed forward. The racemes grow on shorter peduncles 
and not in pairs as in that, and the flowers are more nume- 
rous and more crowded together ; the limb of the corolla does 
not widen suddenly from the tube in the form of a cup, with 
the points of the laciniae rolled back, but gradually widen 
from the tube upwards. The style in tauricum scarcely 
equals the corolla, but is exserted considerably beyond it in 
orientale. Flowers in the spring, but somewhat later than 
tauricum. Is quite hardy. Native of Turkey. 

Communicated by Messrs. Whitley, Brame, and Milne, 
of the Fulham Nursery. 

( 1912 ) 
Symphytum tauricum. Taurian Comfrey. 

4fc4fc feifc «MMfc *■ -sMs- *■ $• 4j fe fr %■ %• & §• 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Corolla limbus tubulato-ventricosus : fauce clausa radiis 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Symphytum tauricum ; foliis cordato-ovatis hirtis : floralibus 

oppositis sessilibus, laciniis limbi corollse obtusis, caule 

ramoso. Willd. Enum. p, 184. 
Symphytum foliis cordatis crenulatis basi inasqualibus petio- 

latis. Willd. in Nov. Act. Soc. Nat. Scrut. Berol. 3. 

p. 120. t. 6. f. 1. 
Symphytum orientale ; caule foliisque cordato-ovatis petio- 

latis hirsutis summis oppositis sessilibus, corollas limbo 

campauulato. Bieberst. Fl. Taur. Caucus, p. 129. 
Symphytum constantinopolitanum,, Boraginis folio et facie, 

flore albo. Tournef. Cor. 7. Ejusd. Iter id. Angl. v. 2. 

p. 207. cum tab. 

Symphytum tauricum was first distinguished from the 
orientale of Linnaeus by Willdenow, in the Memoirs of 
the Natural History Society of Berlin. In Marschall v. 
Biebersteln's Flora Taurico-Caucasica, this plant is, however, 
again referred to the orientale of Linkjeus. But in his Enu- 
meration of the Plants of the Berlin Garden, Willdenow 
still maintains that this plant differs from the orientale in the 
lacinise of the limb of the corolla being- obtuse, which in the 
latter are acute. Linnaeus, in the second edition of his Species 


Plantarum, quotes two of Tournefort's plants as synonyms 
of his orientate, the first of which belongs to Symphytum 
asperrimum of the Botanical Magazine, and the other, 
according to Willdenow, to our present plant ; his defini- 
tion is so short and so vague that it may apply to either. 

A hardy biennial or perennial. Native of Southern Tauria, 
growing in shady situations. Flowers in May ; but our 
drawing was taken in September, from a plant that flowered 
the first year it was sown, and, perhaps, on this account the 
margins of the leaves were more undulated than is usual. 
Communicated by Mr. Joseph Knight, of the Exotic Garden, 



hfSQurUt XaltvovO, 

( 1913 ) 

Crotalaria purpurea. Crimson-flowered 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Legumen, inflatum, pedicellatum. Filam. connata, cum 
fissura dorsali. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Crotalaria purpurea ; foliis ternatis : foliolis obovatis re- 
tusis, racemis terminalibus, floribus saturate purpureis. 
Ventenat Malmais. 66. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 4. p. 273. 
Persoon Syn. 2. p. 285. Bot. Regist. 128. 

Crotalaria elegans. Donn Hort. Cantab. 

The Crotalaria purpurea is a small shrub, growing- very 
erect, and generally producing but few branches, and a 
terminal raceme of fine crimson flowers. 

Our drawing was taken, several years ago, at Mr. Whit- 
ley's. It was known in our gardens prior to the publication 
by Ventenat, and inserted in the earlier editions of Donn's 
Catalogue, under the name of Crotalaria elegans; and, in 
the last edition of that work, this name is still continued, 
though it ought to have been expunged, as puipurea of 
Ventenat was admitted. 

Native of the Cape of Good-Hope, where it was found by 
Mr. Francis Masson, and introduced into this country in 1790. 
Flowers early in the spring and during great part of the 
summer. Propagated by cuttings. Requires the shelter of 
the greenhouse. 



( 1914 ) 

Momordica Elaterium. Squirting 

$ $ f ♦ $ ftjM - ** j i|HHffifr 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Masc. Cat. 5-fidus. Cor. 5-partita. Filamenta 3. 

Fem. Cal. 5-fidus. Cor. 5-partita. Stylus 3-fidus. Pepo 
elastice dissiliens. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Momordica Elaterium; pomis ellipticis hispidis, foliis cor- 

datis hispidis obtusis dentatis, cirrhis nullis. Willd. Sp. 

PL 4. p. 605. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 5. p. 342, Persoon 

Syn. 2. p. 593. 
Momordica Elaterium ; pomis hispidis, cirrhis nullis. Sp. 

PL 1434. Reich. 4. p. 202. Woodv. Med. Bot. 121. t. 43. 

Regn. Bot. Martyn Mill. Diet. n. 8. 
Cucumis agrestis. Blackw. t. 108. 
Cucumis sylvestris asininus dictus. Bauh. Pin. 314. Raj. 

Hist. 647. 
Cucumis sylvestris. Cam. Epit. 946. 
Cucumis asininus. Ger. Emac. 912. Park. Theatr. 161. 

k. 162. 

The Squirting Cucumber has acquired this name from 
the power it possesses, when the fruit is ripe, of ejecting its 
seeds, together with a quantity of juice, with considerable 
force, from a small orifice made by its separation from the 

It is this singular property that alone can recommend this 
plant to a place in a garden, except for its medicinal virtues, 


few plants having a viler aspect. Nature has provided the 
capsules of many plants with a power of scattering their 
contained seeds to a distance, which is mostly effected by 
some of the parts of which they are composed contracting 
by their elasticity, and suddenly separating the moment 
their continuity is interrupted, of which a species of 
Balsam, hence called Touch me not, affords a notable in- 
stance ; but the fruit of this cucumber, having a tough 
leathery covering, keeps the same form, after it has com- 
pletely emptied itself of its contents, as it before possessed. 

It affords young people amusement to set a person, igno- 
rant of its properties, to gather the fruit, which, when quite 
ripe, will, upon the first attempt to pull it from its stalk, 
discharge a volly of seeds and juice, perhaps, into the face 
of the unsuspecting object of mirth. 

From the liquor spontaneously discharged from the fruit, 
a medicine is prepared of very ancient celebrity, known 
by the name of Elatcrium, which is of so active a nature, 
that a single grain will often occasion violent effects ; but, in 
proper hands, is nevertheless considered as a powerful and 
useful remedy, particularly in certain dropsies. 

Propagated by seeds, and generally considered as an 
annual, but if the soil is dry and the situation sheltered, the 
root will survive two or three winters, and the plants will 
flower earlier and spread farther than those of the same year. 

Communicated by John Walker, Esq. of Arno's-Grovc. 


Wki 7 f.aj<l,.ir«i > rrt»vJiJy J . l47 


( 1915 ) 

Erica Monsoni^:. Lady Ann Monson's 


-#-#- frfrift 3Jt% »&■»# % £ % # £ $ 
C/ass c?zrf Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cat. 4-phyllus. Cor. persistens : limbo quadrifido. Antheree 
ante anthesin per foramina 2 lateralia coimexse. Caps. 4 — S- 
locularis, 4 — 8-valvis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Sect. III. Coniflorce grandes A. Antheris aristatis. 

Erica Monsoniai ; bracteis oblongis calyci proximis, corollis 

duplo longioribus calyce. Hort. Ken:, ed. alt. 2. p. 381. 

Icon. Hort. Kew. 7. 
Erica Monsoniana ; foliis ternis, stylo incliiso, corolla ob- 

longa inflata calyce calyculato, floribus terminalibus ra- 

mulorum obtusorum. Linn. Suppl. 223. Hort. Kew. 

ed. \ mD 2.p. 15. 
Erica Monsoniana ; antheris aristatis inclusis, stylo incliiso, 

corollis oblongo-ovatis, calyce duplici colorato, floribus 

terminalibus subsolitariis, foliis ternis oblong-is obtusis. 

Willd. Sp. PL 2. p. 358. 
Erica Monsoniana ; aristata, foliis ternis ovatis glabris, flori- 
bus solitariis, caule erecto. Thnnb. Prod. 12. Diss. 

n. 52. t. If. 2. 
Erica Monsoniana ; foliis ternis, stylo incluso, corolla ob- 

longa inflata, calyce calyculato, floribus terminalibus ra- 

mulorum obtusorum. Linn. Suppl. 223. 
Erica Monsoniana. Andrews's Heaths, v. 2. Wendl. Eric. 

10. p. 9. cum Icone. 
Erica variifolia ; foliorum laminis lineari-attenuatis ovatis- 

que : calyce recurvo patente : corolla 7 — 9-lineari ; 

pericarpio globoso, 4-angulo. Salisb. in Lin. Soc. Trans. 

6. p. 353. 


Of the astonishing number of Ericas brought from the 
Cape of Good-Hope, there are few species more beautiful 
thai the one here given, being of upright growth, and, in 
the season, generally covered with a profusion of blossoms. 
It varies considerably in the breadth of the leaves, which in 
some specimens are oval, in others nearly linear ; they grow 
by threes, but so close together as to appear at first sight 
more numerous. The leaflets of the calyx are large, oblong, 
obtuse, and recurved at the upper extremity, in the full- 
grown flower, only half the length of the tube of the corolla, 
but as they are expanded before the corolla is fully grown, 
they sometimes equal it in size, and, if examined in that state 
only, this species might readily be supposed to belong to the 
division of calycincc, in the late Mr. Dryander's excellent ar- 
rangement of this extensive genus. At the base of the calyx 
are fourbractes similar to the calycine leaflets, but only about 
half the length, making what has been called a double calyx. 
In the beautiful and accurate figure, by Mr. Bauer, in his 
" Delineations of Exotic Plants, cultivated in the lloyal Gar- 
den at Kew," the anthers are entirely included within the tube 
of the corolla, which in our specimen were exserted, and being 
of a black-purple colour, add by the contrast to the beauty ot 
the flower, but at the same time tend to puzzle the arrange- 
ment, by making the species appear to belong to the division 
of Macrostemones. But in all the plants of that division 
the anthers are naked, which in our plant are avvued, the 
awns or spur-like appendages having serrulate margins. 

The species was named by Professor Thlnberg and the 
younger Linnaeus, in honour of Lady Ann Monson. 

Introduced in 1787, by Mr. Francis Masson. Flowers 
most part of the spring and summer. Our drawing was taken 
several years ago, at the late Mr. Grimwood's. 


>.'t>-i.£. ClyrtiM H?"*iwOTt/v.7H.2y.u8iq 

( 1916 ) 

Althaea carib^a. West-Indian 

-#~ #^- -#--#• %- $ #• %■ % & & ^ #- ->>- % $. -#- 

C/arss ««f/ Order. 


Generic Character. 

Col. duplex : exterior 6- s. 9-fidus. Capsular plurima?, 

Specific Character. 

kumm.k caribaa ; caule stficto, foliis rotundato lobatis 
crenulato-serratis, floribus solitariis subsessilibus, ungui- 
bus petalorum barbatis, stig-matibus diffusis. 

Obs. Althaeae rosea nimis affinis. 

This undescribed Holly-hock was communicated by our 
friend,, John Walker, Esq. of ArnoVCrove, who raised it 
from seeds received from the West-Indies. It required to be 
kept iii the stove, and seemed remarkably impatient of cold. 
It grew with an upright hispid stem about three feet high. 
Leaves bright green, paler underneath, cordate at the base, 
and obsoletely five-lobed : lobes rounded, between crenulate 
and serrate : petioles erect, longer than the membranous part 
of the leaf, thickened towards the base, hairy. Stipules one 
on each side the petiole, scariose, four-cleft : segments un- 
equal, spreading- out like fingers. Flowers solitary, alternate 
on very short footstalks, pale rose-coloured. External Calyx 
nine- sometimes eight-cleft : internal five-cleft. Petals five, 
obcordate, somewhat undulate. Claws united at the base 
and thickly bearded. Stamens very many, collected into a 
globular form, surmounted by many long", capillary, diffuse 
stigmas. Capsules about thirty-six/ 


In many respects this plant much resembles the Alth^a 
rosea, or common Holly -hock, but seems to differ, besides in 
diminished stature, in the more uniform rounded lobes of the 
leaf, more neatly sawed at the edge ; in the flowers being 
always solitary, which in the latter grow mostly two or more 
from the same axil ; in the bearded claws of the petals ; and, 
perhaps, in the four-cleft palmate stipules. 

Flowers in March and April. Propagated by seeds. 


( 1917 ) 
Daphne oleoides. Cretan Daphne. 

CYass aw/ Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cat. 0. Cor. 4-lida, marcescens, stamina includens. Drupa 
1 -sperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Daphne oleoides ; floribus terminalibus paucis sessilibus, 

foliis obovato-lanceolatis utrinque glabris mucronulatis 

circa flores congestis. 
Daphne oleoides ; lioribus geminis terminalibus sessilibus, 

foliis elliptico-lanceolatis glabris. Linn. Mant. 66. Schreb. 

Dec. 13. t. 7. Willd. Sp. PI. 2. p. 4»3. Reich. 2. p. 194. 
Daphne salicifolia ; floribus aggregatis perpaucis sessilibus 

terminalibus., foliis lineari-lanceolatis utrinque glabris. 

Lam. Encycl. 3. p. 423. 
ThymelvEA cretica olese folio utrinque glabro. Tournef. 

Cor. 41. 
Chaivledaphnoides cretica. Alpin. Exot. 44. t. 4:3. 

Descr. A low shrub, not much branched. Stem and 
branches villous brown. Leaves narrowed at the base, 
widening upwards beyond the middle, then tapering off to a 
sharp point, terminated in a minute mucro, quite entire, 
margin reflected, smooth on both sides, paler on the under, 
scattered, and crowded about the ends of the branches, 
serving as an involucrum. Flowers from two to five, terminal, 
sessile, purple, but covered with a white pubescence. Germen 
inferior, ovate: stigma large, globular, hollowed at the apex, 


This species approaches to collina ; but, besides being 
much smaller, differs in the form and colour of the leaves, 
not villous underneath. 

A small piece of a leaf chewed with great caution, from 
Prosper Alpinus's account of its acrimony, at first excited 
. very little sensation ; in a little time the throat began to tingle, 
then gradually to burn more and more, till the heat became 
almost intolerable, and lasted several hours, notwithstanding 
the frequent swallowing of milk with a view of soothing it. 

Our drawing was made from a plant communicated by 
Messrs. Loddiges and Sons, in October 1815 ; and we 
received a specimen of the same last March, from Messrs. 
Whitley and Co. which is probably the more natural time 
of flowering. Native of Crete. 

. tj.SXwrtis Tabtrreh, . July . jj & 

( 1918 ) 

Stylidium graminifolium. Grass-leaved 

C7ass *md Order. 

Gynandria Diandria. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 2-labiatus, 5-fidus : Iacinia quinta (Labello) dissimili 
minore, deflexa (raro porrecta), reliquis patentibus (raro 
geminatim cohaerentibus). Columna reclinata duplici flexura. 
Antheris bilobis, lobis divaricatissimis : stigmate obtuso indi- 
viso. Capsula bilocularis, dissepimento superne quandoque 
incomplete Brown. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Sect. I. Capsula ventricosa, subovata, nunc sphcerica v. 
oblonga. B. Folia radicalia conferta squamis nullis inter- 
stinctis. Calycis labia •§• dentata. Scapi aphylli. 

Stylidium graminifolium ; foliis linearibus margine denti- 
culatis, racemo subspicato simplici scapoque glanduloso- 
piloso, labello basi appendiculato. Brown Prodr. Fl. 
Nov. Holl. 568. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 5. p. 222. Bot. 
Reg. 90. 

Stylidium graminifolium. Swartz in Nov. Act. Soc. Nat. 
Scrut. Berol. 1807. 49. t.l.f.l. Willd. ibid. 55. Ejus- 
dem Sp. PI. 4. p. 146. Labillard. Nov. Holl. 2. p. 65. 
t. 215. 

Stylidium serrulatum. Persoon Syn. 2. p. 210. 

Ventenatia major. Smith Exot. Bat. 2. p. 13. t. 66. 

Candollea serrulata. Labillard. in Annal.duMus. 6. p Abb. 
t. 74. / 2. 

•Descr. Root fibrous, annual? Leaves radical, erect, 
linear-lanceolate, rigid, minutely denticulate, having a her- 
baceous somewhat acid taste. Scape a foot or more in height, 


without leaves or scales, clothed with glandular hairs. Inflo- 
rescence a spiked raceme. Bractes three at the base of each 
pedicle longer than it : external lower one largest, oval- 
acuminate, with a round gland at its base ; two internal ones 
shorter, linear. Calyx persistent, superior, bilabiate : ftps 
divaricate, when the flower first opens apparently quite 
entire, but, after the blossom is fallen, the one evidently 
two- the other three-toothed. Limb of Corolla five-cleft, 
four of the lacinia ovate, spreading 1 , two upper ones some- 
what larger than the lower : the fifth (or labellum) smaller, 
linear, recurved, having two small, subulate, upright ap- 
pendices at its base : tube longer than calyx : faux beset with 
eight thread-like, glandular processes, erect, unequal. Column 
flattened-cylindrical sigmoid, bearing at its extremity two 
two-lobed anthers with lobes extremely divaricate, and be- 
tween them the green stigma, more evident after the anthers 
have discharged their pollen ; the margin of the receptacle 
of the anthers is surrounded by lucid hairs, when magnified 
resembling icicles. Gcrmen after the fall of the corolla ovate, 
inflated, two-celled, cells parted by a very thin dissepiment ; 
ovula many, attached to the centre of the dissepiment. 

There are several species of Stylidium which possess a 
singular irritability of the column, and, perhaps, this property 
is in none more remarkable than in the present plant ; in 
which the column is, in its natural state, bent over the re- 
flected labellum, so as to bring the capitulum, containing the 
anthers and stigma, nearly in contact with the germen; when 
slightly touched near the base, the column suddenly springs up, 
carrying the capitulum with a sudden jirk over to the opposite 
side of the flower. When left quiet, after a short time the 
column gradually resumes its former position, ready to spring 
again when exposed to any irritation, but probably with 
diminished force every time. 

That the real stigma is situate in the centre of the capi- 
tulum, terminating the column, is, we believe, now generally 
admitted, though for some time warmly disputed. The use of 
the above mechanism is not very evident ; to us it appears most 
probable, that it is intended to disperse the pollen, to insure 
the fertilization of the ovary, which, notwithstanding the close 
approximation of the anthers and stigma, is, perhaps, impos- 
sible to be effected by its own individual anthers, from the 
stigma not being exposed till after the bursting of these. 

Our drawing was made from a plant kindly communicated 
by Mr. Lee, of the Hammersmith Nursery, in December last, 
at which time they were generally in blossom, though not 
forced by artificiafheat, but merely protected from frost. 



( 1919 ) 



•>,«• »js"sp -, »^- 3» ?,c vj^ vjc jjt «^ *i> vyr <f> <v* v '5* 

C/«ss ««(/ Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Contorta. Folliculi 2, erecti. Slew, extremitate superiore 
comosa. Cor. hypocrateriformis, faux nuda. Antherce medio 
cum stigmate cohasrentes. Brown. 

Specijlc Character and Synonyms. 

Echites caryophyllata ; panicula terminali, calycibus pa- 

tentibus corollam aequantibus, foliis ovatis mucronulatis. 
Echites caryophyllata. Roxb. Icon, inedit. 
Tsjeria-pu-pal-valli. HoH. Malabar. 7. p. 103. t. 55. 

Descr. Leaves opposite, petioled, cordate-ovate, quite 
entire, obtuse, with a small mucro, yellowish -green, shining, 
nerve and large veins red, interstices reticulate-veined, paler 
underneath. Flowers in a terminal, trichotomous panicle, 
yellowish-pale-green. Bractes small, deciduous. Calyx five- 
cleft : segments lanceolate, spreading, villous on the outside, 
equalling the corolla, of which the tube is five-angled, con- 
tracted towards the base, hairy within : lacinue of the limb 
contorted. Anthers arrow-shaped, con ni vent, adhering to 
the stigma. From Roxburgh's manuscript we learn, that 
the stem is woody, climbing, as thick as a man's thigh, with 
dark rust-coloured bark, rough with fissures and scabrous 
specks; and that the follicles are cylindrical, spreading, con- 
taining a few large seeds crowned with down. 

The flowers are very agreeably fragrant, somewhat aro- 
matic ; but, in our opinion, the scent does not resemble that 

of cloves. 


Echites belongs to the natural order of Apocinea of 
Brown, who has separated the Asclepiadeae from this order, 
and is the first genus in his division having a coma at the 
umbilical or superior extremity of the seed ; and the plant 
which he has especially recommended to be re-examined. 
Vide Memoirs of the Wernerian Society, v. 1. p. 60. 

Native of the East-Indies. Requires to be kept in the 
stove. For an opportunity of giving a drawing of this very 
rare plant, we are indebted to Sir Abraham Hume, of 
Wormly-Bury, Herts, in whose stove it flowered, in October 



( 1920 ) 


Class and Order. 
Dicecia Hexandria. 

Generic Character. 

Masc. Cal. 6-phylIus. Cor. 0. 

Fem. Cal. 6-phylIus. Cor. 0. Styli 3. Bacca 3-locuIaris. 
Sem. 3. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Smilax herbacea; caule inermi angulato, foliis ovatis acu- 
minatis septemnerviis, pedunculo communi umbellae folio 
longiore. JV'dld. Sp. PL 4. p. 782. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 
5. p. 390. Persoon Syn. 2. p. 619. 

Smilax herbacea ; caule inermi angulato, foliis inermibus 
ovatis septemnerviis. Sp, PL 1460, rejecto synonymo 

Smilax herbacea ; caule angulato erecto simplici, foliis longe 
petiolatis ovalibus septemnervibus, umbellis longissime 
pedunculatis, pedunculo compresso, baccis depresso glo- 
bosis. Pursh Flor. Amer. Sept. 1. 251. 

Smilax herbacea ; caule herbaceo, erecto, simplici ; foliis 
longe petiolatis, ovalibus, septemnerviis ; umbellulis lon- 
gissime pedunculatis ; pedunculo compresso ; baccis 
depresso-globosis. Michaux Flor. Bor.-Am. 2. p. 238. 

Smilax Isevis marilandica, foliis hederae nervous prselongis 
pediculis insidentibus, flosculis minimis in umbellam 
parvam congestis. Raj. Suppl. 345 ? 

The number of nerves in the leaves of this species is not 
to be entirely depended upon, as affording a specific difference ; 
we have observed seven and nine on the same plant ; and 
thence we are inclined to doubt, whether S. herbacea and 


peduncularis be really distinct; or, if they be, to which of them 
our plant ought to be referred. Both Pursh and Michaux 
describe herbacea as having" an erect angular stem, and 
peduncularis a climbing rounded stem : our plant has a 
climbing and an angular stem. Ray's plant, in the specimen 
he saw, had no tendrils, and a stem too straight and robust 
to look like a climbing plant. Plukenet's figure, quoted by 
LinnjEus, is rejected by Michaux, but referred to by Pursh. 
Neither it, nor the one quoted by Gronovius, can throw any 
light upon the distinction of the species. 

A hardy herbaceous plant. Native of North -America. 
Propagated by dividing its roots. Communicated by Messrs. 
Lodoiges and Sons. 

Tui. bj. S. Cur-ul.-Wa.l-^a-rth.jiua^.g- 

( 1921 ) 


CYarss ewe/ Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. rotata. Antherae subcoalitae, apice poro gemino 
dehiscentes. Bacca 2-locularis. 

Specific Character and Sj/?tonj/ms. 

Solanum giganteum ; caule aculeato fruticoso : aculeis 
tomentosis, foiiis lanceolatis acutis inermibus supra 
glabris subtus tomentosis et incanis, raccmis dichotomis 
cymosis terminalibus. IVilld. Sp. PL I. p. 1046. llort. 
Kew. ed. alt. I, p. 404. Jacq. Collect. 4. p. 105. Icon. 
Rar. 2. t. 328. Dunal Solan, p. 202. 

Solanum niveum ; caule fruticoso aculeato., foiiis ellipticis 
integcrrimis inermibus subtus tomentosis niveis. Vahl 
Symb. 2.^.41. 

Solanum niveum ; caule aculeato fruticoso, foiiis ovatis 
subtus tomentoso-niveis integris, panicnla decomposita. 
Thunb. Prodr. 36. Pcrsoon Sj/n. \.p. 229. 

Said to grow in its native country to the height of sixteen 
feet, with a stem as thick as a man's arm, furnished with 
stout short prickles. The plant from which our drawing was 
taken was little more than four feet high, upright, little 
branched aculeate ; prickles thickset, conical, short, tomentose 
towards their base, naked and yellow at the point : branches 
covered with white hoary tomentum. Leaves oblong- 
elliptical, narrowed at both ends, unarmed, smooth on the 
upper surface, tomentose, white underneath. Flowers pale- 
violet, small, not unlike those of Dulcamara, growing in 
a compound cyme, nearly terminal, but becoming lateral by 


the branch shooting beyond it. Pedicles crowded, looking 
one way, hoary, nodding when in flower, but in fruit erect. 
Calyx small, hoary, five-cleft : segments unequal, one being 
longer than the rest. Berries said by Jacquin to be about 
the size or a pea, round, and, when ripe, red. 

Native of the Cape of Good-Hope. With us properly an 
inhabitant of the conservatory. Flowers in June and July. 
Propagated by cuttings. Communicated by Messrs. Jenkins 
and Gwyther, from their very extensive collection, at the 
Portman Nursery, in the New-Road. 



( 1922 ) 
Primula decora. Comely Auricula. 

$$♦ ♦ ♦♦<♦ fa fa fa M- fa fa fa fa fa fa- 
Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 
Jnvolucr. umbellulae. Corolla tubus cylindricus ore patulo. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Primula decora ; foliis planis grosse serratis acutis, calycibus 
yiscidulis, pedicellis scapo longioribus. 

This plant is nearly allied to Primula villosa, of which 
we have already given two very distinct varieties, and are 
acquainted with a third, the helvetica of Donn's Hortus 
Cantabrigiensis ; but we think it is specifically different from 
all of these, in which the leaves are rounded at the extremity, 
and the serratures or crenae are continued uniformly over the 
end. In our plant, the serratures are larger and much 
fewer, being usually about four on each side, and occupy the 
sides of the leaf only, leaving the apex pointed and entire ; or, 
in other words, the terminal tooth is larger and more acute 
than the others. 

In the late Mr. Zier's Herbarium, now in our possession, 
is a specimen of our plant from the Kew Garden, where it 
was then called decora, which name we have adopted ; being 
convinced that, although frequently taken for glutinosa, it is 
quite distinct from that species, which has nearly or altoge- 
ther sessile flowers, and narrow, minutely-sawed, and clammy 

We are not acquainted with the country from which it 
came. It was communicated by N. S. Hodson, Esq. of the 

Flowers in April. Is as hardy as the common Auricula, 
and requires the same treatment. 


•«-i ijf. &m*i, . W^hnr-ik. 

•>&•« «i i£mj 

( 1923 ) 


Class and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. 5-fidus, inEequalis, basi intrusa. Co?\.papilionacea, 
vexillo majore. Stamina persistentia, basi connata. Legnmen 
ventricosum, polyspermurn. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Podalyria sericea ; foliis obovatis mucronatis utrinque 

sericeis., pedunculis axillaribus solitariis uniiloris brevis- 

Podalyria sericea ; foliis oblongo-obovatis utrinque calyce- 

que sericeis, pedunculo unifloro, aliquoties longioribus. 

Brown in Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 3. p. 7. 
Sophora sericea. Rot. Repos. 440. 

Descr. Stem shrubby,, branched. Leaves simple, alternate, 
subsessile, entire, ovate or obovate, with a recurved mucro, 
covered on both sides with closely-adpressed silky hairs, veined 
underneath. Stipules subulate, erect, falling-. Peduncles 
axillary, solitary, one-flowered, several times shorter than the 
leaf. Rracte one on each peduncle. Calyx scarcely intruded 
at the base, bilabiate \ : the two segments of the upper-lip 
united to near the tips, three lower segments subulate ; the 
middle one longer than the rest {vide fig. 6.) Corolla papi- 
lionaceous, pale rose-coloured : Vexillum or Standard (f. 1.) 
roundish, emarginate, with a short reflected claw : Ala or 
Wings (f. 2. 2.) shorter than vexillum, with a claw nearly 
the length of the limb of the petal. Carina or Keel (f. 3.) 
shorter than the alae, of two petals similar to the alas, cohering 
at the point, base and claws distinct. Stamens ten (f. 4.) 


filaments distinct. Pistil (f. b.) Gerrnen oblong, silky ; 
style the length of the stamens ; stigma quite simple. 

The figures,, shewing- the different parts of the flower, 
will serve as an example of the decandrous papilionaceous 
flowers in general, which differ but little from the diadelphous, 
except that the filaments in the latter are united into a sheath 
surrounding the gerrnen., whereas in these they are distinct. 

The Podalyria sericea is not an uncommon shrub in our 
greenhouses, and recommends itself by its fine silky foliage; 
but does not very often blossom : when it does so, it is 
always, as far as we have seen, in the winter months, from 
November to February. Native of the Cape of Good-Hope. 
Propagated by cuttings. Communicated by our friends 
Messrs. Lodqices and Sons. 


J i 

( 1924 ) 

Bletia Lady Tankerville's 


•$4HHHHMt ♦♦#♦ flMHMHfr' 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

Generic Character. 

Labellum sessile, cucullatum ; nunc basi calcaratum. 
Petala 5, distincta. Columna libera. Massce pollinis 8, 
vel 4 bilobae. Brown. 

Specific Character and Sy?wn7/m$. 

Bletia Tankemillice ; labello calcarato indiviso : cornu ab- 
breviate, foliis radicalibus ovato-lanceolatis. Brown in 
Hort. Kezo. ed. alt. 5. p. 205. Loddiges's Cabinet of 
Botany, N°- 20. 

Limodorum Tankervillia? ; floribus racemosis imberbibus. 
Hort. Kew. ed. l ma - v. 3. p. 302. tab. 12. L' Merit. Sert. 
Angl. 28. 

Limodorum Tankervillice ; foliis radicalibus ovato-lanceolatis 
nervosis, scapo simplici multifloro, labello cucullato 
integro, cornu abbreviato. Swartz Nov. Act. Cps. 6. 
p. 79. Willd. Sp. PL 4. p. 122. Redoute Liliac. 43. 
Schneev. Ic. 5. Bot. Repos. 426. 

Limodorum Incarvillei. Persoon Syn. 2. p. 520. 

Phaius grandifolius ; foliis lanceolatis plicato-sulcatis, scapo 
nudo polyfloro. Loureiro Cochin, ed. Ulys. 2. p. 529. 
ed. Willd. 2. p. 647. 

This very beautiful plant, a great ornament to our stoves, 
was introduced from China, by our much respected friend, 
the late Dr. John Fothergill, about the year 1778. 

The scape grows quite erect, sometimes three feet high, 
and the spike of flowers will extend to two feet. The singular 


chesnut-brown colour of the inside of the petals, contrasted 
with the perfect white of their outsides, and the fine white 
nectarium shaded and streaked with crimson, give the flower 
a striking and beautiful appearance. 

The specific name was, we believe, first published by 
M. L'Heritier, in his Sertum Anglicum, from an engraving 
in Sir Joseph Banks's Museum, bearing this denomination, 
and probably the same that was given to the public the follow- 
ing year, in Aiton's Hortus Kewensis. It was proposed in 
honour of Lady Tankerville, an encourager of Botany. 
We are at a loss, therefore, to account for the assertion in 
Persoon's Synopsis, that the name of Tankervillite was 
improperly given to this plant, by Mr. Aiton, and that it 
should have been Incarvillei, being dedicated to the memory 
of Father Incarville*. 

It is by no means a tender plant, and should be allowed a 
good deal of air, but will not flower well out of the stove. 
Propagated by separating its bulbs, by which it multiplies 
pretty fast. Flowers .in March and April. Communicated 
by John Walker, Esq. of Arno's-Grove. 

* Haec species minus recte Tankervillice fuit denominata a b. Aiton, 
cum memoriae Patris Incarville dedicata sit. Persoon Syn. I. c. 


■..Waiverr • 


( 1925 ) 

Callistachys ovata. Oval-leaved 

Class and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 2-labiatus : labium superius semibifidum. Cor. papi- 
lionacea. Stam. distincta disco inserta. Stigma simplex. 
Legumen stipitatum, lignosum, apice dehiscens, [ante ma- 
turitatem multiloculare,] polyspermum. Ventenat. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Callistachys ovata ; foliis ternatis obovatis mucronulatis 

subtus sericeis. 
Callistachys elliptica ; foliis ellipticis obtusis. Ventenat 

Malmais. 2. p. 1 15. b ? Smith Linn. Soc. Trans. 9. p. 266 ? 

The genus Callistachys has been established by M. 
Ventenat., in the second volume of the Jardin de Malmaison, 
where he has given a full description and figure of one 
species, under the name of lanceolata, and has slightly 
mentioned a second, which he presumed to belong to the 
same genus ; but, as it had not at that time flowered, its 
place could not be positively ascertained. This last has been 
since referred by Mr. Brown, in the Hortus Kewensis, to 
Oxylobium, a genus to which Callistachys seems very 
nearly allied ; but our plant is doubtless a congener of 
Ventenat's Callistachys lanceolata, and is totally different 
from Gompholobium ellipticum of Labillardiere ; it was 
received from Paris, by Messrs. Loddiges and Sons, at the 
same time with the latter, under the name which we have 
adopted. Ventenat's account of his Callistachys elliptica 


is too imperfect to determine whether it may have been really 
our plant or Oxylobium eliipticum of Hortus Kewensis. 

Callistachys ovata differs but very little from lanceolaia, 
except in the form of its leaves and their being more gene- 
rally, though not constantly, ternate ; in lanceolaia they grow 
sometimes opposite, sometimes by fours or by threes, and 
not unfrequently without any order. The calyx, and parti- 
cularly the germen in both, are covered with long silky hairs. 
Perhaps the legumen was not far enough advanced to deter- 
mine it accurately, but, in the early stage, it did not appear 
to me to be properly multilocular ; but, being very lieshy, 
and the seeds partly imbedded in it, the substance of the 
pod runs some way between the seeds, but not so as to make 
a complete septum. The ripe legumen is certainly uni- 

Our plant, as well as Callistachys lanceolaia, was, we 
believe, raised in the garden of the late Empress Josephine, 
at Malmaison, from seeds brought from New-Holland by 
Captain Baudin. 

It is by no means tender, but requires to be protected 
from frost in the winter season. Propagated by cuttings. 
Flowers in July and August. . 

Communicated last year by Messrs. Loddiges and Sons, 
and we have been favoured with flowering specimens of both 
species at the present time, by the same liberal friends. 





s i utli^i--Curtiiyii^ior£h,jMjjj^h'j . 

( 1926 ) 

Maranta zebrina. Striped-leaved 

4 % ^ 4 r-SjE -#- ■# ■&■$ # ■& -& $ ^ M $ -$ & 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Anlhera simplex filamcnto adnata. Stylus petaliformis. 
Stigma subtrigonum: 

Specific Character. 

Maranta zebrina ; acaulis, spica ovata compacta, spathis 
obtusissimis imbricatis multifloris, foliis ellipticis acumi- 
natis striatis. 

This very fine plant was sent some years ago from 
Brasil to the Apothecaries Garden at Chelsea, by Emp. 
Alex. John Woodford, Esq. late of Belfont-House, Vaux- 
hall. It has been long- admired for the beauty and singularity 
of its foliage, and its flowering has been anxiously expected, 
which took place in May last, and a succession of blossoms 
continued for several weeks. 

Scape radical, short, involved in the sheathing petiole of a 
young leaf. Flowering spike round-oval, compact ; outer bractes 
very obtuse, with a short acumen, rigid, imbricate : within 
each of these was a number of oblong purple-coloured, 
delicate bractes, involving one another, from amongst which 
the flowers came forth by pairs, proceeding from the bottom 
of the spike gradually to the top ; but as the flowers dropt 
off, fresh pairs proceeded from the same bracte, so that the 
bottom series continued to put forth blossoms long after the 
top of the spike began to be in flower ; and the whole number 
of blossoms produced must have been very great. Calyx 


consists of three distinct,, ovate, concave, petal-like segments, 
of a pale violet colour* : tube of corolla filiform, the length of 
the calyx, external laciniee of the limb nearly equal, deep 
violet : internal lacinias unequal, whitish, tinged with purple. 
Those parts put on such different appearances "at different 
periods, that it is not easy to describe them : at the first 
coming of the flower, the larger lacinia covers the column 
like a hood, and has a thumb-like appendix with which it 
embraces the filament-: this part is afterwards reflected. The 
other two laciniae are very narrow, and if we understand 
Mr. Brown, he is inclined to consider these as barren fila- 
ments, and that the two laciniae of the internal series are 
wanting. The style is a thick column somewhat incurved, 
has a two-lobed extremity, somewhat of the form of a hammer, 
the upper end of which is obtuse and rounded, the lower 
end concave, and, from its secreting surface, must be con- 
sidered as the true stigma ; before the column escapes from 
the hooded petal, the anther discharges its pollen mass, con- 
sisting of a congeries of globules, which are uniformly lodged, 
not on the secreting surface, turned with its cavity down- 
wards, but in a slight depression in the face of the hammer. 
After efflorescence, the column is lengthened and curled 

Being a native of Brazil, it requires to be kept constantly 
in the bark stove. 

• In the true Scitaminete, this part is tubular, with an oblique, three- 
lobed opening ; but in the Cannae t as separated by Mr. Brown, it is 
divided into three distinct segments. 


I Pt+T&S'lT&iw* rlh- 

A l Mir >- : 

( 1927 } 

Anthyllis Barba Jovis. Silver-leaved 
Anthyllis, or Jupiter's-Beard. 

♦♦♦»♦♦ ♦ $ -$-»♦ 4nfrfri>4HE 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character* 

Cal. ventricosus. Legttmen subrotundum, tectum, mono- 
s. tri-spermum. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Anthyllis Barba Jovis ; fruticosa, foliis pinnatis aequalibus 

sericeo-tomentosis, bracteis capitula globosa muitiftora 

sequantibus. Willd. Sp. PL 3. p. 1018. IJort. Kew. ed. 

alt. 4. p. 283, 
Anthyllis Barba Jovis ; fruticosa, foliis pinnatis asqualibus 

tomentosis, floribus capttatis. Sp. Pi. 1013. IJort; Cliff'. 

311. Hort. Ups. 221. Mart. Mill. Diet. n. 10. Mill. 

Ic. 1. t. 41. f. 2. Desf. Fl. AtL 2. p. 149. Allion. Pedem. 

I. p. 312. G<ertn. Fruct. 2. p. 308. 1. 145./ 3. 
Barba Jovis. Bauh.Pin. 397. Raj. Hist. 1721. Riv. Tetr. 

5. Weinm. Phyt. t. 230. a. 
Jovis Barba pulchre lucerts. Bauh. Hist. I. b. p. 385. 
Jovis Barba frutex. The Silver-Bush. Park. Theatr. 1459. 
Vulneraria argentea. Lam. Ft Franc, v. 2. p. 6bi. 
Anthyllis Barba Jovis. Lam. et Decand. FL Franc, v. 3. 

p. 517. 

This beautiful silvery-leaved shrub was known in our 
gardens in the time of Parkinson ; but being' impatient of 
cold, and at the same time requiring a pure air, it is not so 
commonly met with in our greenhouses as it deserves. 

It grows sometimes to the height of ten. or twelve feet, 


with numerous branches. Miller, with most authors, de- 
scribes the flowers as being of a bright yellow colour ; but in 
his Icones they are represented of a pale yellow, and we have 
never seen them otherwise than nearly white. 

Native of the South of Europe and the Levant. Flowers 
in the spring". Propagated by seeds or by cuttings. Conir 
municated by Messrs. Loddiges and Co. 


( 1928 ) 

solanum marginatum. wlhte-margined 

-&& v^ <hMh^ -&• #- *■ %■ -^ -$• $• & #■ * •$■ 

Class and Order. 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 1-phyllus, persist c ns. Cor. l-petala, rotata. Anthera 
oblonga?, apice pons duobus dehiscentes. Bacca 2 — 3 — 4- 
locularis. Dunal. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Solanum marginatum; (aculeatum) caule fruticoso, foliis 
subcordatis sinuato-lobatis subtus tomentoso incanis 
supra margine albis, baccis trilocularibus. Dunal Solan, 
p. 215. cum figura fructus, t. 3. A. Ejusdem Synops. 
Sol. p. 40. n. 245. 

Solanum marginatum ; aculeatum, foliis cordatis repandis 
margine albis. Linn. Suppl. 147. Jacq. Collect. 1. p. 50. 
Ejusdem Ic. Rar. 1. t. 45. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 1. p. 403. 

Solanum marginatum; aculeatum, foliis sinuato-angulatis 
subtus omnino superne margine tomentosis, calycibus 
tripartitis. Murray Comm. Gott. 1783. p. 11. t. 4. 

The name of marginatum was given to this species, from 
a broadish white irregular stripe along the margin on the 
upper surface, which, however, is not always evident, either 
in the younger leaves, which are at first covered all over 
with a woolly powdery pubescence, or when they are grown 
old, but is most remarkable in the intermediate stage ; for 
the white tomentum disappearing gradually from the upper 
surface, remains longer near the edge than on the rest of the 
leaf, and thus produces the white margin. 


This shrub grows three or four feet high, and bears ra- 
cemes of large flowers, not unlike those of the Potatoe The 
calyx is never reflexed, and has on the fruit the same kind of 
yellowish straight prickles as grow on the stem and on both 
sides of the leaves. The flower is white with a pale purple 
star, the rays of which proceed from the centre along the 
course of the laciniae of the pubescent corolla. The three 
cells of the berry are not very accurately defined. 

Native of Palestine. Requires the protection of a good 
greenhouse. Introduced in 1775. Propagated by seeds, 
which are ripened with us in favourable seasons. Flowers 
most part of the summer. Communicated by John Walker. 
Esq. of Arno's-Grove. 


'l/fcJwiTU^^lt^ J.J SiJ - 

( 1929 ) 

Cynanchum viridiflorum. Green- 
flowered Cynanchum. 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Digynia. 

Generic Character. 

Asclepiadea. Massce pollinis laeves, 10, pcnduke. Corona 
staminea simplex, 5 — 20-loba. Cor. subrotata. Folliculi 


Specific Character 

Cynanchum viridifiorwn ; volubile, foliis cordato-ovatis 
acuminatis, umbellis subsimplicibus solitariis, pediccllis, 
pedunculo communi longioribus. 

We have not been able to find a description of any species 
of Cynanchum,, that agrees with our plant, nor is there any 
one in the very extensive Herbarium of Sir Joseph Banks, 
that corresponds with it. We are therefore constrained to 
take it up as an undescribed one. 

It has a twining stem extending" several feet, producing 
umbels of green flowers with a flesh-coloured ring in centre, 
which grow from the middle of the stem between the 
petioles. The proper pedicles supporting the flower are 
mostly simple, but sometimes divided, unequal, longer than 
the petiole or common footstalk. Lacinice of the corolla re- 
curved. Native country not quite certain, but believed to 
be the East-Indies. Requires to be kept in the stove, where, 
if it can find support, it will extend many feet. May be 
propagated by cuttings. 

We have not seen this plant any where but in the collection 
of the Comtesse de Vandes, at Bays- Water, by whom it was 
communicated in November 1815. 


PUh2j-SCuTli*.Wa£wrrCI<. it/CJ-li 

( 1930 ) 

Ophrys tenthredinifera. Saw-fly 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

Generic Character. 

Corolla subpatens. Lahellum ecalcaratum. Glandidee 
pollinis cueullis distinctis inclusae. Brown. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Ophrys tenthredinifera ; caule folioso, labello villoso obovato 

bilobo appendieulato, petalis patentibus : tribus exteriori- 

bus oblong-is obtusis : binis interioribus brevissimis. 

mild. Sp. PL 4. p. 67. S?n. Prodr. FL Grcec. Sibth. v. 2. 

p. 217. nondum editus. Bot. Reg. 205. 
Ophrys insectifera. A. rosea; labello villoso oblongo-obovato, 

apice bilobo appendieulato. Desfont. Atl. 2. p. 320. 
Ophrys villosa. Desfont. in Annales du Museum 10. 225. 

t. 14. 
Orchis orientals fucum referens, flore parvo, villosissimo, 

scuto azureo. Tourn. Cor. 30. Vetins du Mus. 

It is very remarkable how many forms of different insects 
are more or less accurately represented by the flowers of this 
genus. Linnaeus, who had no opportunity of examining 
but a few of them, in a living state, was induced to consider 
most of them as mere varieties of the same species. Later 
Botanists have, apparently with good reason, described them 
as distinct, but have found it not a little difficult to find good 
discriminative characters. 

That our present plant is distinct from Ophrys aranifera 
of the British Flora, is sufficiently evident ; it has indeed a 


greater affinity with our Ophrys apifcra, but whether it can 
properly be separated from the Ophrys arachnites of Will- 
denow, is not so clear ; having, however, no opportunity of 
comparing it with living specimens of the latter, we acquiesce 
in the authority quoted. 

The colour of the corolla varies considerably in different 
individuals of this species. We have given in the upper 
figure, a representation of one, in which the outer Jacinise 
were of a bright rose-colour, in others they were nearly 
white : the blue mark at the base of the labellum also varies 
in size ; and the colour of the same flower changes by age. 

Our plant was sent, Avith other Orchideae, from Sicily, by 
W. Swainson, Esq. A. L. S. to the President of the Lin- 
nean Society, by whom they were transmitted to the care of 
Mr. Anderson, the worthy Curator of the Apothecaries- 
Garden, at Chelsea, expressly for the use of the Botanical 
Magazine. These roots were treated by Mr. Swainson, as 
directed in Smith's Introduction to Botany (see Rad. tuberosa) 
and came over in great perfection. 

Flowers in April and May. Native of Barbary and 
Sicily. Requires to be protected from frost in the winter. 


■ **U4 -Wal*i> 

( 1931 ) 


»>♦$£&♦ $ri|HHfr ^^M* ^ 
Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cat. 6 — 12-dentatus ; basi hinc gibbosa. Petala6, calyci 
inserta. Caps. 1-locularis, hinc cum calyce longitudinaliter 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Cuphea procumbens ; floribus solitariis, foliis ovato-Ianceo- 
latis subhispidis, caule assurgente glanduloso-piloso, fila- 
mentis duobus longioribus apice ultra antheram lanatis. 

Cuphea procumbens ; caule herbaceo, ramis procumbentibus 
viscosis, foliis ovato-lanceolatis subhispidis breviter petio- 
latis. Cav. Ic. 4. p. 55. t. 380. Persoon Syn. 2. p. 8. 
Hot. Regist. 182. 

Cuphea lanceolata ; floribus axillaribus solitariis, foliis lan- 
ceolatis pilosiusculis, caule erecto hirto, stylo glabro, 
filamentis duobus longioribus apice lana exserta antheras 
superante. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 3. p. J 50 ? 

Descr. Root biennial or annual. Stem, rounded, covered 
with reddish hairs, tipped with viscid glands, nearly erect : 
lower branches procumbent. Leaves opposite, ovate-lanceo- 
late, margin quite entire, somewhat undulate, clothed with 
roughish hairs, which are longer on the younger ones. 
Flowers solitary, growing on short nodding peduncles, not 
from the axils of the leaves, but from the side of tlfe stem 
between the leaves. Calyx hairy, viscid, tubular, upper side 
projected at the base into a kind of blunt spur, divided at the 
top into six unequal teeth ; three upper ones larger than the 
three lower. Petals 6, inserted into the calyx, ovate, clawed : 
two upper ones twice as large as the rest. Stamens 12, 


inserted in two rows into the tube of the calyx, two in the 
upper row longer than the rest, projecting' beyond the anther 
in a dense woolly termination. Germen oblong. Style 
smooth, or having only a few straggling hairs. 

This is probably the same species that is called lanceolata 
in the Hortus Kewensis ; at least it has two of the filaments 
lengthened in the same manner beyond the rest, and ter- 
minated in a woolly tussock above the anthers. The main 
stem is usually nearly erect, but the lower branches are 

Native of Mexico. Propagated by seeds, and should be 
treated as the tenderer annuals, raised under a frame in the 
spring, and planted out in the open border by the latter end 
of May. Introduced in 1796 by Mr. W. Anderson, Curator 
to the Apothecaries -Garden at Chelsea. Communicated 
by Messrs. Whitley, Brame, and Milne, of the Fulham. 




( 1932 ) 

Orchis acuminata. Pointed-flowered 


Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. ringens. habellum basi subtus calcaratum. Glandulce 
(1— ?2) pedicellorum pollinis inclusae cucullo unico. Brown. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Orchis acuminata ; (bulbis indivisis) labello trifido, corolla?. 

laciniis omnibus erectis conniventibus : externis subulato- 
• acuminatis confluentibus, cornu germine duplo breviori. 
Orchis acuminata ; bulbis indivisis ; floribus dense spicatis ; 

laciniis conniventibus ; tribus exterioribus apice subu- 

latis ; labello trilobo ; lobo intermedio latiore. Desf. 

Atl. 2. p. 318. t. 247. 
Orchis acuminata. Wiild. Sp. PL 4. p. 17. 

Descr. Leaves ovate-lanceolate, streaked, sometimes, but 
not always, spotted. Stem scarcely a span high, with three 
sheathing" leaves. Inflorescence a dense oval spike. Bractes 
lanceolate ; lower ones somewhat longer, the upper ones 
shorter than the germen. Corolla pale flesh-coloured, outer 
lacinice confluent at the base, terminated in a long subulate 
point, two inner smaller, alternating Avith the outer, all erect, 
connivent ; labellum or nectary spotted, three-lobed ; middle 
lobe rounded, crenulate, sometimes emarginate; side lobes 
narrow, obliquely truncate. Spur shorter by half than ger- 
men, obtuse, incurved. Column helmet-shaped, glands of 
the pollen masses united in one cell, which diverges into two 
branches upwards. 


This very rare plant came from the same source as Ophrts 
tenthredinifera, being sent by W. Swainson, Esq. to Sir 
James Edward Smith, from Sicily, and nurtured by Mr. 
Anderson, of the Chelsea Garden. Native of the hills about 
Algiers. It flowered in April. 

It appears to us to approach nearest to ustulala and fusca, 
but is easily distinguished from both, by the subulately 
elongated outer lacinise of the corolla. 




( 1933 ) 

Crotalaria fenestrata. Window-calyxed 

•$•$--$• t-£ -#■ sic- $fr$fr< i 4H|HMt $• %- 

Class and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Legumen turgidum, inflatum, pedicellatum. Filammla 
connata cum fissura dorsali. 

Specific Character. 

Crotalaria fenestrata ; foliis simplicibus ovato^lanceolatis 
subtus sericeis ciliatis, vexillo suborbiculato acuminata, 
foliolis calycinis inferioribus apice coha2rentibus. 

A native of the East-Indies, and very nearly allied to 
Crotalaria juncea, (No. 422) from which it differs, in 
having leaves more acute, silky underneath, smooth above, 
and ciliated. The vexillum is remarkably large, streaked, 
margin slightly undulate and somewhat acuminate : it does not 
seem disposed to roll back from the apex towards the base, in 
the manner of Crotalaria j'uncea. The three lower leaflets 
of the calvx remain firmly united at the point, even till the 
flower fades, and by contracting lengthwise open at the sides. 
This effect has given occasion for the name. 

Communicated in flower, in September 1816, by the 
Honourable William Herbert, from his collection at 
Spofforth in Yorkshire, who raised it from seeds received 
from the East-Indies. 

We suppose it is only of one year's duration, and should be 
treated like other tender annuals. 



( 1934 ) 


^f ♦♦♦#♦♦♦♦♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 
Cor. irregularis., fauce nuda. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Echium creticum ; caule herbaceo echinato^ foliis oblongo- 

lanceolatis hispidis basi parum angustatis, staminibus 

corollam subaequantibus, calycibus fructiferis distantibus. 

Willd. Enum. p. 187. 
Echium creticum ; caule procumbente, calycibus frutescenti- 

bus distantibus. Hort. Ups. 35. Sp. PL 200. ed. Willd. 

1. p. 788. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 1. p. 202. Kniph. Cent. 

10. n. 39. 
Echium creticum latifolium et angustifolium rubrum. Bauh. 

Pin. 254. 
Echium creticum 1 et 2. Clus. Hist. 2. p. 165. 

Descr. Stem rounded, hispid, branched : lower branches 
procumbent. Radical leaves petioled, oblong, elliptic, obtuse, 
quite entire, veined and rugose underneath, hispid : cauline 
leaves tongue-shaped, obtuse, hispid. Flowers secund in 
spike-like racemes. Bractes like the leaves, gradually de- 
creasing in size upwards. Peduncles several times shorter 
than calyx, solitary. Calyx hairy : segments lanceolate, 
longer than the tube and faux of the corolla, whose border 
is more deeply divided and more bilabiate-like than in most 
of the genus ; of a bright red when first opened, but 
changing to blue. Stamens scarcely the length of the corolla. 
Style exserted : stigma bifid. 


We have not been able to detect any representation of 
this plant, but the one printed from a specimen by Kniphof, 
as above quoted, which appears to us to be the same species. 

Native of Crete and the Levant. Flowers in July. Pro- 
pagated by seeds, being annual, or at most biennial Com- 
municated by Messrs. Loooiges and Sons. 

lip 5. 

( 1935 ) . 

Melaleuca squarrosa. Myrtle-le wed 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Staminum phalanges 5, petalis oppositae elongatac. Anthera 
incumbentes. Caps. 3-locularis polysperma, connata et inclusa 
calycis tubo incrassato basi adnato (ramo). Brown. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Melaleuca squarrosa ; foliis oppositis ovatis acutis 5 — 7- 
nerviis petiolatis, spicis oblongis ovalibusque, bracteis 
foliaceis, calycis laciniis enervibus obtusis, phalangium 
unguibus brevissimis. J3r. in Hort. Kevo. ed. alt. 4. 
p. 416. 

Melaleuca squarrosa ; foliis sparsis oppositisve ovatis mu- 
ticis quinquenervibus, floribus lateralibus dentibus caly- 
cinis laevibus. Smith in Linn. Soc. Trans. 6. p. 300. 
Willd. Sp. PI 3. p. 1430. Persoon Syn. 2. p. 26. b. 
Labill. Nov. Holl. 2. p. 28. t. 169. 

Melaleuca myrtifolia. Venten. Malmais. 47. 

The leaves of this plant are described by Mr. Brown, as 
opposite ; by Sir James Smith, as both opposite and scattered, 
as they were in the one from which our drawing was made. 
In most specimens, however, that we have seen, they were 
entirely opposite and decussate ; they are usually obscurely 
five-nerved, and the broader ones seven-nerved. Some leaves, 
or bractes like leaves, grow among the flowers, which gene- 
rally shew more or less a disposition to become verticillate ; 
but the whorls are seldom so distinct as they were in the plant 
from which our drawing: was taken. 


The filaments are collected into five bundles, connected at 
the base only, and so slightly, that Smith has observed that 
it is not very easy to decide whether it belongs to Melaleuca, 
or to the very nearly-related genus, Metrosideros ; between 
which genera, the distinction, he remarks, is more artificial 
than natural. 

Our drawing was taken from a specimen communicated by 
John Walker, Esq. in May 1815, from a plant that had stood 
two winters against a south wall, with no other protection 
than a mat during frost. A very fine spreading shrub, nearly 
three feet high, was sent us last summer, by Messrs. Barb 
and Brookes, of the Northampton Nursery, Newington- 

Native of New South- Wales and of Van Diemen's-Island, 
and is generally treated as a hardy greenhouse shrub. Flowers 
most part of the summer. Introduced about the year 1794. 
Propagated by cuttings. 

The whole plant is aromatic and pungent, and the dried 
flowers, when rubbed, have a particularly grateful aromatic 

( 1936 ) 

Veronica perfoliata. Perfoliate 

■ $&»»»» ♦♦ 4HM*|HMfe *• *■ *■ *# 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cor. limbo 4-partito : lacinia infima angustiore. Caps. 2- 

Specific Character and Synonym, 

Veronica perfoliata ; racemis lateralibus pedunculatis multi- 
floris, foliis integerrimis glaberrimis ovatis acuminatis 
basi connatis, capsulis bipartilibus. Brown Prod. Florae 
Nov. Roll p. 434. 

Descr. Stem about two feet high, with few branches, 
simple, upright. Leaves ovate-acuminate, decussate, con- 
nate at their base, of a glaucous green. Raceme lateral, 
long, many-flowered ; flowers looking one way ; pedicles 
alternate ; scarcely the length of the calyx. Calyx four- 
parted, unequal, one segment being considerably longer than 
the rest, persistent. Corolla violet-purple : upper lacinia 
largest, streaked : faux villous. Stamens shorter than corolla, 
spreading. Style declined. Capsule oblong-oval, two-celled, 

Jussieu places the genus Veronica in his order of Pedi- 
cular es ; Brown in that of Scrophularina ; who observes, 
" that the relation of the dissepiment, with respect to the valves 
of the capsule, as being contrary to or parallel therewith, is a 
character always esteemed by Jussieu, of great value in the 
formation of natural orders ; and he has, upon this ground, 
separated his order of Rhododendra from his Erica, and 
Pediculares from Scrophularice ; but, by so doing, he has 


frequently separated genera that are very closely allied ; for 
although this character is for the most part (not universally) of 
great use in determining genera, it is not sufficient, when 
unaccompanied by others, to separate them into distinct 
orders, as is clearly proved by several genera of this family, 
and especially by the genus Veronica, in the various species 
of which, almost every kind of dehiscence maybe observed." 

This very rare plant, which did not occur to Mr. Brown, 
except in a dried state, was raised from seeds received from 
New South-Wales, by Mr. Jenkins, at his Botanical Garden, 
Gloucester-Place, New-Road. 

Native of the country in the neighbourhood of Port- 
Jackson, and will require the protection of the greenhouse in 
the winter. Propagated by seeds, and perhaps by cuttings ; 
though the stem appears to be rather herbaceous than fruti- 
cose. Flowers in July and August. 

, f 103 

( 1937 ) 

Gloxinia speciosa. Rough-leaved 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. superus, 5-phyllus. Cor. campanulata : limbo obliquo. 
Filamenta cum rudimento quinti imo tubo corollas inserta, 
Caps. 1-locularis? recept.%, biloba, lateribus inserta. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Gloxinia speciosa; subacaulis, foliis hispidis crenatis, pe- 

dunculis erectis flore longioribus*. 
Gloxinia speciosa. Loddiges Bot. Cab. 28. Bot. Reg. 

No. 213. 

Descr. Stem very short. Leaves opposite, oval, very hairy on 
both sides, when full-grown seven inches long and five wide. 
Peduncles axillary, villous, rounded, three or four inches long-, 
upright : from the shortness of the stem, concealed amid 
the leaves, and the very erect position of the long peduncles, 
these latter appear, at first sight, like scapes rising imme- 
diately from the roots without intervening stem. Calyx ad- 
herent to the germen : border five-cleft : segments ovate- 
acuminate, nearly equal, sub-bilabiately arranged, five-nerved, 
very hairy. Corolla ringent, tube refracted, faux open, 
limb bilabiate -f- : laciniae rounded. Stamens four : filaments 
incurved, inserted into the base of the tube of the corolla, 
with which they fall off : anthers united together. There is 
a small rudiment of a fifth filament placed at the back of the 

* The other species may be distinguished as under : 
Gloxinia metadata ; foliis glabriusculis, pedunculis horizontalibus flore 


style, very little larger than the glands of the nectary, but 
not, like them, persistent. Nectaries five glandular bodies 
surrounding the style and alternating with the filaments, per- 
sistent. Germen inferior, one-celled, with two lateral branched 
receptacles: style longer than stamens, stigma capitate, com- 
pressed, gaping. 

This very valuable acquisition to our stoves, is a native of 
Brazil, of late introduction, but already to be found in most 
of the large collections about town. We received it first 
from Messrs. Barr and Brookes, Newington-Green, but not 
in a perfect state. Our drawing was taken from a plant 
communicated by Messrs. Whitley, Brame, and Milne, of 
the Fulham Nursery. It does not appear to be very tender, 
and, perhaps, may hereafter be found to do in the green- 




Ai.fy.i" UrUz Walter^ 

( 1938 ) 

Lathyrus grandiflorus. Perennial 

* {£$--$-•$ •**++-# ♦♦♦♦♦♦ ■#"* * 
Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Stylus planus, supra villosus supeme latior. Cat. lacinia? 
superiores 2 breviores. 

Specific Character. 

Lathyrus grandiflorus ; caulibus rigidis tetragonis pedun- 
culis bifloris nudis, cirrhis diphyllis : foliolis obovatis 

Descr. Root perennial. Stem branched, climbing-: branches 
square, with rounded angles, rigid, not at all winged, nor 
hairy. Claspers generally twice ternate, with two oval leaves 
rather broadest towards the point, veined, undulated at the 
margin. Stipules very narrow, semisagittate, the part below 
nearly as long as the part above their insertion. Peduncles 
axillary, solitary, somewhat longer than the petioles, two- 
flowered. Pedicles nearly equal, united to the peduncle by a 
joint. Calyx campanuiate, sub-bilabiate : upper-lip consist- 
ing of two subulate teeth : lower-lip of three, longer than the 
upper, and of these the middle one is the longest. Corolla 
like Lathyrus odoratus, but larger. Vexillum orbicular, fully 
expanded, emarginate, callous at the base, with a very short 
channelled claw, veined, of a blueish crimson colour: alee 
dark purple, oblong. Carina somewhat boat-shaped, nearly 
semicircular, having its petals united, from the bottom of the 
claw to the apex. Germen oblong, somewhat flattened, 
and a little widest in the middle : style reflexed at right 
angles ; stigma pubescent, compressed, minutely villous. 


Legumen not seen ; but as the germen is not clothed with 
long hairs, as in Lathyrus odoralus, it will probably prove 
far less hairy than in the latter species. 

This plant is in many respects very similar to Lathyrus 
cdoratus, but differs in having a perennial root ; stalks not at 
all winged nor flattened ; leaves oval, not lanceolate-oval ; 
peduncles shorter and flowers considerably larger. 

Native country uncertain, probably Italy or Sicily. Messrs. 
Chandler and Buckingham, by whom it was communicated 
to us, believe that they raised it from seeds received from 
Leghorn ; but, as it did not flower the first year, they paid 
little attention to it, and are not quite certain of its origin. 
We do not know that the plant is to be met with in any other 
garden round the metropolis. They have increased it by 
parting its roots, but it has not as yet produced any seeds, 
though it lias flowered two summers, and bears our winters 
in the open ground without protection. 



( 1939 ) 

Convolvulus panduratus. Fiddle-leaved 

Class and Order. 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. campanulata, plicata. Stigmata 2. Caps. 2-locuIaris : 
loculis dispermis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Convolvulus panduratus ; pubescens, foliis cordato-pan- 
durseformibus acuminatis, calycibus Iasvibus enerviis, 
pedunculis axillaribus subunifloris petiolum asquantibus. 

Convolvulus panduratus ; foliis cordatis integris panduri- 
formibus, calycibus lsevibus. Sp. PL 219. Willd. 1. 
p. 850. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 1. p. 329. 

Convolvulus panduratus ; radice crasse napacea ; caule 
volubili puberulo : foliis pubescentibus, lato-cordatis ; 
rarius subtrilobis repandisve : pedunculis longis fasciculi- 
floris : calycibus glabris^ submuticis : corolla tubulato- 
campanulata. Michaux Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1. p. 138. f 
Persoon Syn. 1. p. 178. ? ? 

Convolvulus panduratus ; volubilis, pubescens ; foliis lato- 
cordatis integris lobatisve panduriformibus., pedunculis 
longis, floribus fasciculatis, calycibus glabris muticis, 
corollis tubulato-campanulatis. Pursh FL Am. Sept. 1. 
p. 144. ? ? 

Convolvulus megalorhizos flore amplo lacteo ; fundo pur- 
pureo. Dillen. Elth. \0\.t. 85. / 99. 

j3. Convolvulus major floridanus, folio incano Ari quodam- 
modo referens, auriculis magnis subrotundis. Pluk. 
Amalth. p. 63. t. 385. / 3. 

The Convolvulus panduratus of Michaux and of Pursh 
more probably belong to Convolvulus candicans than to our 
present species; so in our account of the former (vide No. 1603) 


we have, with a mark of doubt, inserted Michaux's plant as 
a synonym. We have cited both here, more with a view of 
facilitating the comparison of their characters, than from con- 
viction of their belonging to the pandurains of Linnaeus. 

In panduratus, the peduncles are scarcely longer than the 
footstalk of the leaf, and rarely produce more than one flower, 
though there are vestiges of two opposite pedicles, which ge- 
nerally, if not always, abort; the peduncles of canclicans seldom 
bear fewer than three and often more, flowers, which are 
much larger and more even at the border, and open wider. 
The outer latinise of the calyx in panduratus is smooth and 
even, having none of the wrinkled nerves, so conspicuous in 
those of candicans ; and there is a remarkable difference in 
their mode of growth. Both have large tuberous roots, but 
those of candicans have eyes like the potatoe, and if cut into 
pieces, every eye will grow ; but the root of panduratus 
produces no eyes, nor could cuttings of it be made to shoot, 
though kept in the greatest heat of the bark bed for upwards 
of a year. The stems of candicans die quite down to the 
root every year, and fresh stems are produced from the eyes ; 
but that of panduratus grows from the crown of the root, 
and, though inclined to die back in the winter, remains 
woody towards the bottom, where fresh buds are formed, 
from which the stems shoot again in the spring ; but, was the 
stem to be cut down close to the root, fresh shoots could not 
without great difficulty be produced, and most probably the 
plant would perish. 

Native of South -Carolina, Georgia, and Florida, and is 
too impatient of cold to be trusted out of the stove ; for want 
of due attention to this, we believe this plant is generally lost, 
and, perhaps, the only one now living in this country is at 
the Honourable William Herbert's, at Spoff'orth, near 
Wetherby, in Yorkshire ; to whom we are indebted for the 
specimen from which our drawing was taken, as well as for 
most of the above particulars respecting it. 


( 1940 ) 

Crassula cultrata. Sharp-leaved 

C/ass and Order. 
Pentandria Pentagynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-phyllus. Petala 5. Squama 5, nectariferae ad basin 
germinis. Capsulce 5. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Crassula cultrata ; foliis oppositis obovatis subcultratis ob- 

liquis connatis integerrimis. Hort. Kew.ed. \ ma - l.n.393. 

ed. alt. 2. p. 192. Willd. Sp. PI. 1. p. 1552. Mart. 

Mill. Diet. n. 11. Trew. PI. Rar. 2. p. 3. t. 12. 
Crassula cultrata. Syst. Vegetab. ed. 14. p. 305. Thunb. 

Prod. 56. -S>. P/. 405. 
Crassula anacampserotis folio. Dill. Elth. 115. t. 97. y! 

Globulea cultrata. Haworth Succul. p. 60. 

The flowers of Crassula cultrata never expand, and the 
petals bear a globular gland at their apex : on account of 
which character, Mr. Haworth, in his Synopsis Plantarum 
Succulentarum, has thought fit to separate this species with 
three others from Crassula, under the name of Globulea. 

Crassula cultrata comes under the division offrutescentes. 
Native of the Cape of Good-Hope. Cultivated in Dr. Sherard's 
garden, at Eltham, in 1732. Is usually kept in the dry stove. 
Propagated by cuttings. Flowers in August, September, and 
October. Our drawing was taken some years ago from a 
plant in the possession of Mr. Sydenham Edwards. 


( 1941 ) 

Pancratium expansum. Expanded- 
flowered pancratium. 

Class and Order. 

Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Petcda 6. Nectario 6 — 12-fido. Stam. nectario imposita. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Pancratium expansum ; foliis lineari-lanceolatis striatis ir- 

regulariter circumpositis, laciniis patentissimis tubo lon- 

gioribus, corona? sinubus unidentatis. 
Pancratium patens. Ker in Journal of Science and the Arts, 

v. 3. p. 329. ? Redoute Liliac. l.fol. 414. ? 
Pancratium declinatum. Redoute Liliac. 6. t. 380. quoad 

iconem. ? 

It is extremely difficult to find satisfactory distinguishing 
characters between some of the species of Pancratium ; and, 
perhaps, it is only from cultivation, or by having an opportunity 
of comparing the living specimens together, that any certainty 
can be derived. The Hon. William Herbert, of Spofforth, 
Yorkshire, has paid great attention to this genus ; and to this 
gentleman we are indebted, not only for the specimen from 
which our drawing was taken, but for most of the particulars 
respecting it, which we are able to adduce. 

It has a near affinity with Pancratium carib&um ; and, as 
in that, the leaves grow irregularly, not distichwise, but are 
less acute, of a duller green, and more channelled, they are 
a foot and a half long, and about two inches and a quarter 
wide at the broadest part ; they rise successively throughout 
the year, and not altogether, as in speciosum. The scape 


is between four and five and twenty inches high. Flowers 
sessile ; tube obsoletely three-cornered, pale-green, four inches 
and a quarter long : lacinice linear, an inch and half longer 
than the tube, the whole length of the corolla being ten inches ; 
they expand wider than in any other species of Pancratium* 
leaving the funnel-shaped nectary or crown quite exposed, 
whence the name : crown rather more than an inch and 
quarter long, regularly pointed between each stamen : style 
rises nearly four inches above the crown. Flowers in the 
specimen ten, expanding by pairs, according to a regular and 
remarkable arrangement, of which Mr. Herbert sent a 
sketch, omitted by the draughtsman ; but may be easily 
understood, by placing the tips of the four fingers of both 
hands together, to represent the eight flower-buds in the cir- 
cumference, and bringing both thumbs in a line between the 
fore or first, and little or fourth fingers, to represent the two 
central flowers. The expansion of the first pair will then be 
marked by the second finger of the right-hand and the third 
of the left ; the second pair by the second finger of the left- 
hand and the third of the right ; the third pair by the first of 
the left-hand and the fourth of the right ; the fourth pair by 
the first of the right-hand and the fourth of the left ; and the 
central pair, which open last, by the thumbs. 

It is possible that this may be the patens of Redoute and 
Ker, but we have not ventured to fix it as such ; because 
that is described as having leaves very much narrower than 
those of carib(Eum 3 and flowers more powerfully scented; 
whereas the former, in our plant, were nearly of the same 
width as those of caribceum, and the scent was weaker than 
in any other of the related species. 

Mr. Ker, in his Monograph on Pancratium (Journal of 
Science and Arts, v. 3. p. 326) has referred our distichum, 
No. 1879, to Pancratium littorale ; but, if so, there is little 
or no dependence to be put upon the comparative length of 
the tube and laciniae, the former being said to be twice the 
length of the latter in littorale ; whereas in distichum they 
are of the same length ; the tube in the one decayed flower, 
in the figure, being inadvertently lengthened to get the upper 
part within the prescribed limits of the plate. 

Native country unknown. Flowers regularly in Novem- 
ber. Produces few offsets, and is, therefore, not readily 




/ 3 / 

In which the Latin Names of the Plants contained in the Forty- 
Fourth Volume are alphabetically arranged. 



IS 16 
J 905 
' 1864 
t 1892 




Alplnia cernua. 
— — — nutans. 
Althaea caribsea. 
Amsonia salicifolia. 
Anchusa angustifo' "a. 
Anemone pratensi?,j3. obsoleta. 
Anthyllis Barba Jovis. 
Bletia Tankervilliae. 
Bocconia cordata. 
Cactus triangularis. 
Callistachys ovata. 
Chelone Lyoni. 
Cineraria sibirica. 
Clematis crispa. 
Convolvulus panduratus. 
Corraea virens. 
Crassula cultrata. 
Crotalaria fenestrata. 


Cuphea procumbens. 

Cynanchum vhidiflorum. 

Cytisus proliferus. 

A Dahlia supcrflua. 

B ■ ■ flore mul- 


Daphne altaica. 


Dianthus campestris,y. 

Echites caryophyllata. 

Echium creticum. 

Erica monsoniae. 

Eugenia elliptica. 

Galinsogea trilobata. 

Gardenia amcena. 

Gloxinia speciosa. 

Gnidia oppositifolia. 

Grislea tomentosa. 

Hamelia ventricosa. 

Hibiscus radiatus. 

Hypericum olympicum, /3. lati- 

Jasminum azoricumt 

Inula glandulosa. 

Justicia pictaj/3. lurido- san- 






Lathyrus grandiflorus. 
Lobelia ilicifolia. 
Maranta zebrina. 
Melaleuca squarrosa. 

, thymifolia.WA-iv-4v,>,* 

Menispermum canadense. 
Menyanthes ovata. 
Mesembrj anthemum depres- 

sum. \\' .'■ 

Momordica Elaterium. 
Nerium coronarium. V/a % 
Ophrys tenthredinifera. 
Orchis acuminata. 
Pancratium distichum. 


Pelargonium rapaceum, £. lu- 


Penstemon campanulata. 
Pharnaceum incanum. 
Phlomis samia. 
Phlox acuminata. 
Phyllanthus turbinatus. S 
Piper acuminatum. 
Podalyria sericea. 
Polemonium reptans. 
Primula decora. 
Rhododendron dahuricum, £. 

Robinia caragana, v. arenaria. 
Ruscus androgynus, y. 
Serratula quinquefolia. 
Smilax herbacea. 
Solandra grandiflora. 
Solanum giganteum. 

■ marginatum. 

Spielmannia africana. 
Stachytarpheta Jamaicensis. 
Stapelia deflexa. 
Stevia hyssopifolia. Vy/-ev->\ (T 
Stylidium graminifolium. 
Symphytum tauricum. 
Thunbergia fragrans. 
Veronica perfoliata. 
Ziziphus Paliurus. 




tn which the English Names of the Plants contained in the Forty- 
Fourth Volume are alphabetically arranged. 


1903 Alpinia, large drooping. 

1900 small drooping. 

1873 Amsonia, willow-leaved. 
1927 AnthylHs, silver-leaved, or 

Jupiter's beard. 
1922 Auricula, comely. 
1860 Bastard-vervain, Jamaica. 

1939 Bindweed, fiddle-leaved. 

1924 Bletia, Lady Tankerville's. 

1905 Bocconia, heart- leaved. 
1909 Buck-bean, oval-leaved Cape. 

1897 Bugloss, purple-flowered nar- 


1898 Butcher's-Broom, climbing. 

1925 Callistachys, oval-leaved. 
1864 Chelone, Lyons's. 

1893 Christ's-Thorn. 
1869 Cineraria, Siberian. 

1912 Comfrey, Taurian. 

1901 Corraea, green-flowered. 
1877 Crane's-Bill, yellow, fumitory- 
flowered. - 

1940 Crassula, sharp-leaved. 

1913 Crotalaria, crimson-flowered. 
1933 window-calyxed. 

1884 Creeping-Cereus, triangular, or 


1914 Cucumber, squirting. 
1931 Cuphea, procumbent. 

1929 Cynanchum, green-flowered. 
1908 Cytisus, silky. 

1885 A Dahlia, fertile-rayed. 
1885 B double-flowered, fer- 

1875 Daphne, altaic. 

1917 Cretan. 

1919 Echites, clove-scented. 
1872 Eugenia, round-fruited. 
1866 Fig-Marigold, depressed, 

1895 Galinsogea, three-lobed. 

1904 Gardenia, crimson-tipped. 
1937 Gloxinia, rough-leaved. 

1902 Gnidia, opposite-leaved. 
1887 Greek- Valerian, creeping. 

1906 Grislea, Woodford's. 

1894 Hamelia, large-flowered. 



Heath, Lady Ann Monson's* 

Hibiscus, radiated. . 

Hollyhock, West-Indian. 

Jasmine, Azorian. 

Inula, glandulous. 

Justicia, bloody-veined. 

Lobelia, holly-leaved. 

Maranta, striped-leaved. 

Melaleuca, myrtle-leaved. 

■ thyme-leaved. 

Moonseed, Canadian. 

Nightshade, tall. 


Ophrys, Saw-Fly. 

Orchis, pointed-flowered. 

Pancratium, fan-leaved. 


Pasque-Flower, pale-flowered, 
1878 Penstemon, bell-flowered. 
1883 Pharnaceum, hoary. 

1891 Phlomis, Samian. 

1880 Phlox, cross-leaved, or Lych- 

1862 Phyllanthus, shining-leaved. 
1882 Pepper, dwarf, pointed-leaved. 
1876 Pink, field. 
1923 Podalyria, silky. 
1888 Rhododendron, evergreen, 

1 886 Robinia, Sand, or Pea-Tree. 
1865 Rosebay, broad-leaved. 
1871 Saw-Wort, five-leaved. 
1920 Smilax, herbaceous. 
1874 Solandra, great-flowered. 
1936 Speedwell, perfoliate. 
1899 Spielmannia, ilex-leaved. 
1890 Stapelia, bent-flowered. 
1861 Stevia, hyssop-leaved. 
1867 St. John's-Wort, broad-leaved. 

1918 StyHdiuni, grass-leaved. 
1938 Sweet-Pea, perennial. 

1881 Thunbergia, twining. 
1934 Viper's-Bugloss, Cretan. 

1892 Virgin's -Bower, curled- 


Printed by S. Couchraan, Throgmorton-Street, Loado?.