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Full text of "Curtis's botanical magazine."

CURTIS' S 

Botanical Magazine; 

** OR, 

FLOWER-GARDEN DISPLAYED: 

IN WHICH 

The most Ornamental Foreign Plants, cultivated in the Open 
Ground, the Green-House, and the Stove, are accurately 
represented in their natural Colours. 

TO WHICH ARE ADDED, 

Their Names, Class, Order, Generic and Specific Characters, according 

to the celebrated Linnaeus; their Places of Growth, 

and Times of Flowering ; 

Together with the most approved Methods of Culture. 

A WO RK 

Intended for the Use of such Ladies, Gentlemen, and Gardeners, as Wish 
to become scientifically acquainted with the Plants they cultivate. 

By JOHN SIMS, M.D- 

Fellow of the Royal and Linnean Societies. 

VOL XLV. 
Being the Third of the New Series. 

Tue Flowers, .vhich grace their native beds, 

Awhile put forth their blushing heads, 

But, e'er the close 6f paring day, 

They wither, shrink, and die away : 

But these, which mimic skill hath made, 

Nor scorched by suns, nor killed by shade, 

Shall blush with less inconstant hue, 

Which art at pleasure can renew. LxoVD, 



llonoon: 

Printed by Stephen Couchman, Throgmorton-Street. 

Published by Sherwood, Neely, & Jones, 20, Paternoster- Row ; 

And Sold by the principal Booksellers in Great-Britain and Ireland. 

MDCCCXVIIL 



$iq*i. 




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( 1942 ) 

stenochilus glaber. simooth-leaved 
Stenochilu§. 

Class and Order. 

DlDYNAMIA AnGIOSPERMIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-partitus. Cor. ringens : labio superiore erecto semi- 
quadrifido : inferiore indiviso, dttlcxo. Germ. 4-loeuiare : 
loculis monosper-ms. Stigma indivisum. Drupa baccata. 
Embryo inversus. Brown. 

£r»Df angustus, ^«Aey labium, 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Stenochilus glaber ; foliis lanceolatis ellipticisve subintegris 
glabris flore vix longioribus, caule divaricate Brown in 
Hort. Kew. ed. alt. v. 4. p. 61. Ejusdem Prodr. Fl. 
Nov. Holl. 517. 



A New-Holland genus, established by Mr. Robert Brown, 
belonging- to his natural order of rnyoporina. It has, he 
observes, the nearest affinity with Bo mi a, which differs in 
having the upper-lip of the corolla emargioate, a trifid lower- 
lip, and a two-lobed stigma. Stenochilus glaber has the 
upper-lip divided into four longish teeth, the under-lip narrow, 
reflexed, and quite entire. Stamens and style longer than 
vthe corolla and cernuous. This very rare shrub was com- 
municated by Mr. William Kent, of Clapton, in June last. 
Native of the South Coas,t of New-Holland. 



J~l(/43. 




( 1943 ) 

Amaryllis miniata. The Mountain Lakb 

Lily. 

Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 
Generic Character. 
Cor. hexapetaloidea, irregularis. Filamenta fauci tubi in- 
*erta, declinata, ineequalia proportione vel directions 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Amaryllis miniata ; spatha bi-quadriflora, lacinia suprema 
latiori recurvo : infima angustiore, tubo brevissimo, foliis 
loratis striatis. 

Amaryllis miniata ; spatha 2 — 4-flora, corollis campanulatis 
ringentibus ; lacinia suprema retroflexa : infima angus- 
tiore, genitalibus decumbentibus. Ruiz et Pavon, Fl % 
Peruv. v. 3. p. 57. 

Amaryllis miniata ; (tubo fimbriato) 2 — 4-flora, corolla rin- 
gente cernua, tubo brevissimo. Jier in Journ. of Sc. 
and Arts, v. 3. p. 355. 

Descr. Bulb round-oval, white. Leaves lorate, recurved, 
obtuse, strongly streaked on both sides. Scape longer than 
the leaves, erect, rounded, very slightly tinged with purple ; 
in the specimens we have seen, two-flowered. Flowers large, 
very shewy, of a minium colour, many-streaked, irregular; 
three outer laciniae broader than the inner, the upper one 
broadest and rolled back, the lowest scarcely exceeding half 
the width of the uppermost. Tube very short, and from its 
mouth, more than a third-part up the laciniae, a white star 
streaked with green. Stamens and style declined ; filamenta 
much incurved at the point, alternate ones somewhat shorter ; 
anthers white, purple at the back. We did not remark the scales 
betwixt each filament, described by Ruiz and Pavon, but they 
may nevertheless exist. Germen nearly orbicular-trigonous ; 
style the length of the stamens : stigma three-cleft. 

It has a near affinity with rutila of Ker, Bot. Reg.23. but 
differs in the greater size and colour of the corolla, in the star 
being white streaked with green, divided into a number of 
rays, like the star of the orders of the garter and bath, not all 
g*een and with a defined border as in that. 

According 



According to Ruiz and Pa von, common in the woods of 
the Andes, and cultivated in the gardens of Chicao, &c. where 
it is known by the name of the Mountain Lake. Communi- 
cated in June last, by Mr. Jenkins, of the Portman Nursery 
and Botanic Garden, in the New-Road, who informed us that 
it was brought from the West-Indies by Thomas March, Esq, 
Montague-Place. 

Note. Amaryllis gigantea. No. 923* ; A. zeylanica, 
No. 1171 ; A. ornata (the Cape-Coast Lily of our Nursery- 
men) not yet figured in the Botanical Magazine ; and A. dis- 
ticha, No. 1253 {ornata,*.. of Ker) ; were, at their first publi- 
cation in the Magazine, considered by Mr. Ker as mere varie- 
ties; the first of them was afterwards (vide No. 1171 and 1253) 
separated by him into a distinct species, under the name of 
gigantea. In the Journal of Science and the Arts (vol. 2. 
p. 367 and 368) the same Botanist has acknowledged that zey- 
lanica and ornata are certainly distinct species ; and that, 
perhaps, they ought to be still farther divided. Cultivators in 
general are decidedly of opinion that all four are quite distinct ; 
and we have been repeatedly urged by our intelligent 
correspondent, the Hon. William Herbert, of SpofForth, to 
separate them under distinct names, which, with respect to those 
already published, we have endeavoured to do in the Enumera- 
tion. Mr. Woodford, late of Belfont-House, Vauxhall, in a 
letter from Lisbon, has likewise pointed out the specific dif- 
ferences which exist between all the four; and Mr. Ker, 
in his review of the genus Amaryllis, above quoted, has ac- 
knowledged the distinction, and separated all of them except 
his ornata.ct. No. 1253. 

All the above .species, together with Ion gi folia and revoluta, 
Mr. Herbert thinks should be united to Crinum ; he observes, 
that they produce the same rugose, irregular, green seeds, 
and will freely breed with the Crinums ; but not with the 
Amaryllises that have flat, shining, black seeds. 



* As we esteem this species to be quite as distinct as any one of the 
others from the rest, we propose to make the following alteration : 

No. 1253. Amaryllis disticha ; sessiliflora, tubo limbum sob-bilabiatum 
aequante, spatha subuniflora, foliis linearibus canaliculatis bifariam equitantibus. 

Amaryllis omata,«. Ker in Journ. of Sc. and the Arts, v. % p. 868. 

This plant has been known among the Nurserymen, both by the name of; 
disticha and by that of stittifolia ; we prefer the former, as expressive of its 
habit. 

We have been informed by Mr. Woodford, that the bulbs of this species, 
which are very like those of the Paper White Narcissus, were some years 
ago imported in great numbers from Sierra- Leone, and sold for eight-pence 
the root ; and that they generally produced only one and never more than 
two flowers on the same scape. 



Fig44. 




( 1944 ) 

Orchis loncicornis. Long-spurred 
Orchis, 

Class and Order. 

GYNANDRIA MoUANDRtA. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. ringeiis. Labellum basi subtus calcaratum. Glan- 
dule (1—2) pedicellorum pollinis inclusae cucullo unico. Br. 
in Hort. Kew. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Orchis longicomis; (bulbis indivisis) labello trilobo : Jobo 
intermedio minore, cornu obtuso adscendente genuine 
longiore, petalis conniventibus. Smith Prodr. Fl. Grcec. 
v. 2. p. 212. 

Orchis longicornu ; bulbis indivisis, nectarii labio trifido 
subcrenulato, cornu longo obtuso adscendente, petalis 
conniventibus. Poiret Itin. 2. p. 247. 

Orchis longicornu; bulbis subrotundis, calcare truncato com- 
presso adscendente, labello trilobo denticulato : lobo inter- 
medio breviore, laciniis superis obtusis conniventibus. 
Desf. Ail. 2. p. 317. t. 246. Persoorc Syn. 2. p. 503, b. 

Orchis longicornu. Willd. Sp. PL v. 4. p. 19. Lamarck 
Encycl. 4. p. 591. Bot. Reg. 202. 



Orchis longicomis is very closely allied to our Orchis 
Morio, from which it diners chiefly in the greater length of 
the spur, which exceeds that of the germen, and in the deep 
colour of the side lobes of the labellum. The species was 
first noticed by M. Poiret, and published in his Voyage en 
Barbarie, under the name of Orchis longicornu ; it should 
have been longicomis ; but the faulty termination has been 
continued by every author who has mentioned it since, except 

Sir 



Sir J. ft. Smith, in his Prodromus Flora? Grace, who has 
c\> where properly remarked, that there can be no good 
reason for following an error. 

The roots of this plant Were sent, at the same time with 
Orchis acuminata, No. 1932., and Ophrys tenthredinifera. 
No. 1930, from Sicily, by William Swainson, Esq. Fellow 
of the Linnean Society, to our friend the President, who 
committed them to the care of Mr. William Anderson, 
Curator of the Apothecaries Garden at Chelsea. They were 
treated as directed in the Introduction to Botany (page 110) 
and came over in the greatest perfection. We quote the 
paragraph for the sake of those who wish to cultivate this 
very curious tribe of plants. " Such of the Orchis tribe as 
have biennial bulbs, are supposed to be very difficult of cul- 
tivation ; but according to the experience of my excellent 
friend, the late Mr. Crowe, in whose garden I have seen 
them many successive years, they are best removed when in 
full flower, the earth being cleared completely away from the 
roots, which are then to be replanted in their natural soil, 
previously dried and sifted. Afterwards they must be well 
watered. The bulb for the following year has not at the 
flowering period begun to throw out its fibres ; for after thai 
happens it will not bear removal," 

Flowers in April and May. 



Im 




( 1945 ) 

Cluytia pulchella. Broad-leaved 
Cluytia. 

Class and Order. 

DlCECIA GyNANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Masc. Cal. 5-phyllus. Cor. 5-petala. Nect. glandulosum. 
Slam. 5, rudimento pistilli columnari inserta. 

Fem. Cal. et Cor. maris. Styli 3. Caps. 3-locularis. 
Sem. 1. (Clutia, Boerh. Linn.) 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Cluytia pulchella ; foliis petiolatis ovatis acutiusculis glabris, 
floribus (subquinis) axillaribus. Willd. Sp. PI. 4. p. 881 
Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 5. p. 423. Persoon Syn. 2. p. 636. 
Houtt. Nat. Hist. ed. Belg. v. 6. t. 36. 

Clutia pulchella ; foliis ovatis integerrimis, floribus laterali- 
bus. Sp. PI. 1475. Kniph. Cent. 2. mas. Gcert. Sem. 2. 
p. 117. t. 107. f. 5. 

Frutex aethiopicus, portulacas folio, flore ex albo virescente 
Comm. Hort. 1. p. 177. t. 91. 



This genus was first established by Boerhaave, in his 
Catalogue of the Leyden Garden, in honour of Outger 
Cluyt, Professor of Botany in the University of Leyden. 
According to the fashion of the day, his name was latinized 
to Augerius Clutius, whence the genus was called by Boer- 
haave, Clutia ; and was so continued by Linnaeus and 
others. We believe the late Mr. Dryander, in Alton's 
Hortus Kewensis, was the first to write the name Cluytia, 
which is not only conformable to the rule recommended, of 
spelling the name of the genus, as near to that of its proto- 
type, 



type, as the genius of the Latin language will permit, bui 
serves the useful purpose of distinguishing it from CLUSiAi 
with which it was otherwise liable to be confounded ; and, in 
conformity with the latter intention, it should be pronounced 
Clytia. 

Cluytia pulchella makes a pretty little shrub, from its form 
and sea-green foliage, though its flowers, which are small and 
white, are not shewy. They generally come singly from the 
axils of the leaves, and though four or five may spring in suc- 
cession from the same axil ; yet, as they are rarely seen at the 
same time, the term of " floribus subquinis," added by 
Willdenow to the specific character, only tends to mislead. 

Our figure represents a female plant. Miller remarks^ 
that he raised a number from seeds, which proved to be all 
female ; and this sex seems to be still much the most common. 
Native ©f the Cape of Good-Hope. Flowers most part of the 
summer. Propagated by cuttings. Is not impatient of mo- 
derate cold, but requires to be protected from frost. 



JigaS. 



< 




fui ij.f CurUi.r»im0 



( 1946 ) 

Lantana nivea. White-flowered 
Lantana. 

Class and Order. 

DlDYNAMIA ANGIOSPERMIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. obsolete 4-dentatus. Cor. limbus 4-fidus, fauce per- 
via. Stigma uncinato-refractum. Drupa nuce biloculari, 
Isevi. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Lantana nivea ; foliis oppositis ovatis scabris basi in petio- 
lum decurrentibus, spicis capitatis planis, bracteis lan- 
ceolatis tubo multo brevioribus, caule aculeato. Willd. 
Enum. p. 651. 

Lantana nivea ; foliis ovato-lan ceolatis acuminatis crenu- 
latis, caule aculeato, spicis hemisphsericis, bracteis tubo 
dimidio brevioribus lanceolatis acutis. Ventenat Malm, 
p. 8. t. 8. 



The flowers of this species of Lantana, which is not re- 
corded in the Catalogue of the Kew Garden, except that its 
name occurs in the Addenda at the end of the Epitome, is a 
native of the East-Indies, and makes a handsome stove shrub. 
The flowers grow in a umbel rather than a round head, as 
in many of the other species, those of the circumference being 
considerably longer in the tube than those nearer the centre. 
The leaves are rough on the upper surface, and have a very 
strong smell like Ground-Ivy, but more powerful. This 
©dour remained even after the specimen had been dried more 
than a year. 

Flowers from July to October. Our drawing was made 
from a living specimen communicated by John Walker, Esq. 
of Arno's-Grove, in the last-mentioned month, in 1815. We, 
received it likewise from the Botanic Garden at Cambridge. 



( 1947 ) 

! 

banksia marginata (j3.) microstachya, 

Green-flowered, various-leaved 

Banksia. 

Class and Order. 

Tetrandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. 1-petala. Stam. apicibus concavis corollae immersa. 
Squamulce hypogynae 4. Folliculus ligneus, 2-locularis : 
loculis monospermis ; dissepimento libero, bifido. Amentum 
flosculorum paribus tribracteatis. Brown. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Banksia marginata ; foliis linearibus truncatis mucronu- 
Iatis integerrimis dentatisve : venulis subtus inconspicuis, 
ramis ultimis hirsutis, bracteis amenti apice giabris : 
majoribus acutis, caule fruticoso. Brown Prodr. Fl. Nov. 
Holl. p. 392. Linn. Trans, v. 10. p. 204. Hort. Kew. 
ed. alt. v. 1. p. 213. 

*. Frutex erectus orgyalis, amento foliis plerumque integris 
longiori. 

Banksia marginata. Cavan. Ic. 6. p. 29. t. 544. 

{3. Frutex erectus, orgyalis, foliis spinuloso-dentatis plani- 
usculis amento quandoque longioribus. 

Banksia microstachya. Cavan. Ic. 6. p. 28. t. 541. excluso 
synonymo Linn. 

y. Frutex humilis diffusus, foliis spinuloso-dentatis planiusculis 
cuneatis amento longioribus. 



The leaves of these plants are so subject to vary in 
form, especially in the degree of dentation, that so little 

dependence 



dependence can be pkced upon this character, that Mr. 
Brown pointed out to us a specimen containing the foliage 
of tntegrifolia, olecefolia, and glauca of Cavanilles, all 
growing on the same plant ; the reticulated veins on the 
under surface, conspicuous through the tomentum in australis, 
distinguishes that species, and some others, from all the va- 
rieties of marginata, in none of which is there any visible 
veining. 

Communicated by our friend Edward Gray, Esq. of 
Jlaringay-House, in March last. 






]flQ48. 




( 1948 ) 

SOLANDRA VIRIDIFLORA. GrEEN-FLOWERED 
SOLANDRA. 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. diversimode rumpens. Cor. clavato-infundibuliformis. 
Bacca 4-locularis polysperma. Recept. sem. parietalia. 

Specific Character. 

Solandra viridiflora ; floribus pedunculatis, laciniis corollae 
acuminatis elongatis revolutis*. 



Descr. A deciduous stove shrub. Branches roughened 
by buttresses (projecturae) once the supporters of fallen 
leaves. Flowers solitary, terminal, nodding, pedunculated, 
green. Calyx five-cleft : segments lanceolate, acute, equal. 
In which it differs from Solandra grandiflora; but not 
more than some species of Datura, a nearly-allied genus, 
differ from others in this organ. Tube more suddenly 
swelling out into the^zwx, which is again a little contracted, 
making a more perfect cup-form than in grandiflora : the 
lacinice of the limb are more uniform than in grandiflora, 
and instead of being obtuse, as in that, elongated into a 
sharp point and rolled back from the apex to the base. The 
stamens and style perfectly straight, of the same length : 
stigma club-shaped. 

Not having seen the fruit of this species, we do not pre- 
tend positively to ascertain the genus to which this plant 

should 



* The other species may be characterized as follows : 
Solandra grandiflora ; floribus sessilibus, corollae laciniis obtusissimi?. 
Vide supra No. 1874. 



should be referred; but we do not think that the difference 
in the calyx is sufficient to separate it from Solandra grandi- 
flora, m which this part bursts in a very different manner in 
different flowers, splitting in some into two parts almost to 
the base, whilst in others it divides but a small way down into 
three or four segments. 

c^ ie 1 P OL i N . DR ^ v i ridi fl<>™ ^as brought to Lisbon from 
bt. Pauls, Rio de Janeiro, by E.LA. Woodford, Esq 
and sent from thence to Mr. Anderson, the worthy Curator 
©1 the Apothecaries Botanic-Garden, at Chelsea 

■> ?^ tive A 0f Brasi| - Has been W&erte kept in the bark stove : 
but Mr. Anderson is of opinion that it will succeed well in 
the greenhouse. 

Is propagated readily by cuttings. Produces its flowers in 
May and June, which last only a few days and are without 
scent. * 




JlLj'lLj, 



( 1949 ) 

Passerina hirsuta. Shaggy Sparrow- 
Wort. 

# #fr ♦ frl ♦ ♦ f ♦ ♦ tiM 4 f fr 

Class and Order. 

OCTANDRIA MoNOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. 0. Cor 4-fida. Stam. tubo imposita, Nux. I . cor- 
ticata. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Passerina hirsuta; foliis carnosis extus glabris, caulibus 

tomentosis. %. Pt. 518. Willd. ed. 2. p. 430. HorL 

Kew. ed. alt. 2. p. 414. Mart. Mill. Diet. v. 2. Flor. 

Franc. 5. p. 366. Vahl Symbol. 1. p. 29. Desfont. 

FLAtl. 1, p. 330. 
ThymeljEA tomentosa, foliis sed iminoris. Bauh. Pin. 463. 

Raj. Hist. 1589. Tournef. Inst. 595. 
Sanamunda tertia. Clus. Hisp. 111. f. 178. Hist. 1. p. 89. 

Park. Theatr. p. 202. Gerard. Emend. 1596. / 1. 

Breyn. Cent. 1. t. 19? 
Erica alexandrina Italorum. Lob. ic. 2. 217. f. I. 
Sesamoides parvum Dalechampii. Bauh. Hist. 1. p. 595. 

Hist.Lugd.2. p.bS3.f. 1. 



The synonym from Breynius quoted by Linnaeus in the 
species Plantarum, is omitted in Reichard's edition, and 
expressly excluded by Desfontaines ; but is restored by 
Willdenow, and to us it appears to be a pretty good repre- 
sentation of our plant : our own figure, being' taken from a 
young plant, is more erect and less branched than in older 
specimens. The older Botanists were well acquainted with 
this plant, but all their figures are either repetitions or copies 
of that of Clusius, first published in his Stirpes Hispanic®. 

The 



The Passerina kirsuta is indigenous to the southern 
coasts of Europe ; Ray found it in a small island near Cape 
Passero in Sicily, but it is more common in the North of 
Africa, especially about Tunis. In our gardens it is very 
rare. Communicated by Messrs. Whitley and Co. of the 
Fulham Nursery, who raised it from seeds received from the 
Botanic-Garden at Montpelier. Requires the protection of 
a greenhouse. Thrives best in sandy peat mould. Flowers 
in April, May, and June ; but the blossoms are not shewy, 
and the shrub recommends itself more by its singularity than 
beauty. 



tip 



>jO. 




( 1950 ) 
Ardisia crenata. Dwarf Ardisia. 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-phyllus. Cor. hypocraterif. limbo reflexo. Antkera 
magna* erectae. Stigma simplex. Drupa supera mono- 
sperma. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Ardisia crenata ; racemis lateralibus compositis, floribus 
umbellatis, foliis coriaceis ellipticis margine revolutis 
crenatis. 

Ardisia crenulata. Loddiges Bot. Cab. 2. Bonn's Hort. 
Cantab, a Pursh, p. 64. 



This little shrub, as we are informed in the Botanical 
Cabinet, is a native of China. It flowers at all seasons of 
the year, and frequently has ripe fruit, a perfectly round 
scarlet berry, at the same time. It takes up so little room, and 
is so easily propagated by cuttings, that it is deserving- a 
place in every greenhouse, where it will do as well as in the 
stove ; being hardier than any of the other species. 

The dotting on the flower, though very observable, even 
in all our dried specimens, both on the buds before they open 
and on the full-blown flowers, do not seem to be constant, as 
the flower is represented as quite white by our accurate 
friend Mr. George Loddiges. There are other species 
that have the leaves somewhat crenated at the margin, but 
in none is this character so remarkable as in our present 
plant; we prefer, therefore, crenata to the Nurserymen's 
name of crenulata. Communicated by Messrs. Loddiges, 
in April 1816. 



Kwsis 




( 1951 } 
Atragene sibirica. Siberian Atragene. 

Class and Order. 

POLYANDRIA PoLYGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 0. Cor. 4-pluri-petala. Nectaria 4, cum petalis alter- 
nantia. Filamenta exteriora dilatata subpetaliformia. Sem. 
aristata : aristis pilosis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Atragene sibirica ; foliis binis duplicato-ternatis ; foliolis 
lanceolato-ovatis serratis, nectariis emarginatis. Nobis 
supra No. 887. b. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 3. p. 341. 

Atragene alpina ; Pallas Ross, part 2. p. 69. t. 76. Gmel. 
Sibir. 4. p. 194. 

Clematis foliis compositis et decompositis : foliolis ternatis 
serratis. Mill. Ic. 2. p. 189. t. 284. 



At No. 887 of this work we gave an account of this 
species, as distinguished from Atragene austriaca and 
americana, figures of both of which we have before given. 

The Atragene sibirica flowers in February or March, 
three or four weeks earlier than austriaca, and on this 
account the seeds are frequently cut oif by our spring-frosts, 
and, consequently, no flowers are produced ; and this hap- 
pens sometimes two or three years following. The leaves 
of sibirica are paler and more deeply notched than in aus- 
triaca. But however like these plants are in many parti- 
culars, the emargiqate nectaries or four internal petals of 
sibirica will always distinguish this species. We have seen 
at Mr. Loddiges a blue-flowered variety raised from Siberian 
seeds ; but in this also the nectarium was the same as in the 
white, and sufficiently distinguished it from austriaca. The 

three 



three above-named species are now established by the adop- 
tion of our characters in the Hortus Kewensis ; and., perhaps, 
these three are the only known genuine species of the genus ; 
capensis (No. 716) and zeylanica being totally different in 
habit, and ockotensis of Pallas unknown, but from one dried 
specimen. 

Pallas, with preceding authors, considered the external 
series of petal-like filaments as internal petals ; but has parti- 
cularly described and figured four larger than the rest, 
spathula-shaped and emarginate : these are our nectaria, or 
internal petals ; the rest are all dilated filaments, and have 
more or less of the rudiments of anthers at their tips. 

A hardy climbing shrub. Native of Siberia, where it grows 
in the mountainous districts nearly as far as the Eastern- 
Ocean, covering the shrubs, or underwood, in the same 
manner as our Traveller's -Joy, flowering profusely in June, 
and, in the autumn, delighting the eye with its clusters of 
white feathery seeds. 

Our drawing was taken from a plant communicated by 
N. HonsoN, Esq. of the War-Office, in March last. 



Jl05'l. 




( 1952 ) 

Magnolia grandiflora, y. lanceolata. 
Long Laurel- leaved Magnolia. 

■& $$•$•$•-$•-$•$• fc & $■ %■ $■ fa # #% #• ♦" 



* 



CZass *mrf Order. 

POLYANDRIA PoLYGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 3-phylhis. Petala 9. Caps, bivalves., imbricatae. Sew. 
baccata., pendula. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Magnolia grandiflora ; foliis perennantibus oblongis, petalis 

obovatis. Hort. Kew. ed. l mu - v. 2. p. 251, ed. alt. 3. 

p. 329. Willd. Sp. PL 2. p. 1255. Mart. Milt. Diet. 

n. 1. Gcertn. Sem. 1. jo. 343. «. 70. / 5. 
Magnolia foliis lanceolatis perennantibus. Sp. PL 755. 
(«.) elliptica ; foliis oblongo-ellipticis coriaceis, Jloribus sub- 

contractis. Hort. Kew. L c. 
Magnolia foliis lanceolatis persistentibus,, caule erecto ar- 

boreo. Mill. 1c. v. 2. p. 115. t. 112. 
(3) obovata ; foliis obovato-oblongis, floribus expansis. 
(y.) lanceolata ; foliis oblongo-lanceolatis apice flexis, fori- 

bus subcontractis. 
Magnolia grandiflora. Bot. Repos. 518. 
Magnolia altissima, flore ingenti candido. Catesb. Carol. 2 

p. 61. t. 61. Comment, lit. Norimb. 1738. p. 225. 
(J.) ferruginea ; foliis ellipticis obtusiusculis subtus intensius 

ferrugineis. 
Magnolia foliis oblongis subtus ferrugineis, flore amplissimo 

candido. Trew Ehret. p. 8. t. 33 et 35. 



The Magnolia grandiflora in South -Carolina and Florida, 
>vhere it is indigenous, must be esteemed to be one of the 

finest 



finest trees in the world ; growing, with a straight trunk, twe 
feet in diameter, to upwards of seventy feet high, and forming 
a regular head ; it bears a profusion of {lowers, which per- 
fume the air far around with a most agreeable scent : and in 
the autumn, the fruit, a kind of cone containing scarlet seeds, 
which drop from their cells and remain suspended by a thread, 
is scarcely less attractive. 

All the above-mentioned varieties are to be met with in 
our Nurseries, and grow in the garden of our friend John 
Walker, Esq. at Arno's-Grove, Southgate, who communi- 
cated the specimen from which our drawing was taken. 

This variety, the lanceolaia of Hortus Kewensis, is gene- 
rally known among the Nurserymen by the name of the 
Exmouth Magnolia, so called from a fine one mentioned by 
Miller, as growing in the garden of Sir John Colliton ; 
which we suppose was the original stock from whence most 
of our trees of this kind have been produced. It has the 
advantage of flowering much more freely than the first- 
mentioned variety and of being more hardy. There was a 
remarkable fine tree of this sort which grew against the 
house of Mr. Whitley, when his Nursery was at Brompton, 
which, in some seasons produced abundance of flowers, the 
finest that we ever saw, some of them being not much short 
of a foot in diameter. 

There is a variety nearly allied to this, not mentioned in 
the Hortus Kewensis, but which we have inserted by the 
name offerruginea ; it bears smaller leaves, more obtusely 
pointed, and much more rusty on the under side. 



Jigs*. 




( 1953 ) 
FUMARIA NOBILIS. GREAT-FLOWERED 

Fumitory. 

■ 

'<J>f ^ fy 4p V 4» ™ i^PT^^F n* fl> "^»TfT yf," 

CZflSs <md Order. 

DlADELPHIA HEXANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 2-phyllus. Cor. ringens. Filamenta 2, membranacea, 
singula. Antheris 3. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

* Corolla unicalcarata. 

Fumaria nobilis ; caule simplici, racemo terminali, bractei* 
oblongis acutis flore brevioribus, foliis pinnatis ; foliolis 
tripartito-laciniatis. Willd. Sp. PL 3. p. 858. Hort. Kew. 
ed. alt. 4. p. 239. Marty n Mill. Diet. n. 4. exdusia 
synonymis Gmelini et Gaertneri. 

Fumaria nobilis; caulibus simplicibus, bracteis flore bre- 
vioribus indivisis. Sh/st. Vegetab. ed. 14. p. 636. Jacq. 
Hort. Vind. t. 116. 

Corydaus nobilis. Willd. Emm. p. 739. 



Descr. Stems several, simple. Radical leaves double 
pinnate : leaflets tripartite, incised : cauline leaves like the 
radical, but consisting of fewer pinnae, upper ones quite 
sessile, all of them glaucous. Flowers growing one way, in 
a dense terminal raceme. Corolla large, white, with yellow 
border and dark purple faux. Pericarp 3 an oblong-oval, 
incurved pod pointed at both ends, crowned with the per- 
sistent style and large capitate stigma. Seeds 4 — 6. It cannot, 
therefore, be the nobilis of Gartner, which is one-seeded. 

Jac^ujn's 



Jacquin's figure does not much resemble our plant, and 
seems to have been drawn from a small weakly specimen. 

A hardy perennial.. Native of Siberia. Introduced in 
1783, by Mr. John Giuefer. Flowers in May. Communi- 
cated by Mr. William Kent., from his very curious collec- 
tion at Clapton. 



■ 






Jlll5+ 




( *954 ) 

Rosa BanksijE. Lady Banks's Rose* 

Class and Order: 

IcOSANDRIA POLYGYNIA, 

Generic Character. 

Petala 5. Cat. urceolatus, 5-fidus, carnosus, collo coare- 
tatus. Sem. plurima, hispida, calycis interiori lateri affixa. 

Specific Character and Sfynonym. 

Rosa Banksice, inermis Isevis glabra, fructibue globosis, 
foliis tematis pinnatisque nitidis, stipulis setaceis dis- 
tinctis. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 3. p. 258. 



Descr. Stem climbing, quite smooth, without thorns.. 
Leaves odd-pinnate, seldom ternate in adult plants ; leaflets 
two pair with an odd one, elliptical, reticularly-veined, 
smooth, serrulate, serratures small, sharp -pointed. Stipules 2, 
within the footstalk of the leaf, subulate, deciduous. Germ. 
hemispherical, smooth. Segments of calyx ovate-lanceolate,, 
mucronulate. Ovula many, intermixed with short bristles. 
Flowers white, fragrant, and very double. There is a 
specimen in the Banksian Herbarium, which appears to be 
of the same species ; in this the fruit is globular, in its dried 
state black, and about the size of the berries of the common 
Hawthorn. 

An elegant evergreen. Native of China. Will thrive and 
flower in the open air, if placed in a warm sheltered situa- 
tion ; but being liable to be cut down, after the buds are 
formed, by our late frosts, its safest situation is in the 
border of the conservatory. 

Thi* 



This Rose without a thorn has been appropriately named 
in honour of Lady Banks, by whom it was communicated 
to us, from her Ladyship's seat at Spring-Grove. 

Propagated by cuttings. Introduced in 1807., by Mr* 
William Kerr. 



. 




Tub.hj.ji.uerUt.Tra&mrtkJctfL- i iSi£. 



( 1955 ) 

Andromeda Catesbcei Catesby's 
Andromeda. 

##»*# fr »♦;£»» ■ »♦ $-$-$-$"* 

Class and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-partitus. Cor. ovata: ore 5-fido. Caps. 5-IocuIaris: 
valvulis dissepimento contrariis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Andromeda Catesbcei; racemis terminalibus axillaribusque 
secundis, corollis oblongo-ovaris, foliis ovato-lanceolatis 
margine spinulosis. 

Andromeda Catesbcei ; racemis terminalibus axillaribusve 
secundis,, corollis ventricoso-tubulosis, foliis oblongo- 
lanceolatis tenuissime serrulatis. Willd. Sp. PL 2. p. 613. 
Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 3. p. 54. excluso ubique synonymo 
Catesbaei. 

Andromeda Catesbcei; racemis ovatis axillaribus, corollis. 
ventricoso-tubulosis bracteatis, foliis alternis petiolatis 
ovato-lanceolatis serrulatis crassis perenantibus. Walt. 
Carol. 137. 

Andromeda spimdosa ; foliis petiolatis ovato-oblongis superne 
sensirn angustatis acuminatis subserrulatis, serraturig 
adpresso-spinulosis glabris coriaceis, racemis subspicatis 
axillaribus sessilibus squamoso-bracteatis secundis laxius- 
culiSj corollis brevibus cylindraceo-ovatisj antheris rau- 
ticis. Pursh Flor. Amer. Sept. 1. p. 293. 

Andromeda axillaris |3. Solandr. Mss. apud Banks. 



Andromeda Catesbcei differs but little from axillaris, ex- 
cept in the thinner substance and less shining surface of the 
leaves, and in the greater length of the bractes. For although 

in 



in some of the specimens of axillaris the form of the leaves is 
more oval and more shortly acuminate,, yet there are so 
many intermediate varieties of both, that little dependence 
can be placed on this character. The figure iu Catesby's 
Carolina, continually referred to, cannot belong to our plant ; 
it is indeed condemned by Michaux and entirely rejected by 
Pursh. 

Native of Virginia, Carolina, and Georgia : and, although 
considered as hardy in our catalogues, is liable to be killed, 
and almost sure to be defaced, by the severity of our winters, 
unless protected by some shelter. Propagated by cuttings. 
Flowers in May, June, and July. 

Communicated by N. S. Hodson, Esq. of the War-Office ; 
but who is now removing his collection to the neighbourhood 
of Bury St. Edmunds, being about to retire from his present 
situation under government, after a service of seventeen 
years. 



( 1956 ) 
Pleea tenuifolia. Grass-leaved Pleea. 

•$--$-$-$- <hM*# fr W" ♦•♦♦ M- & * -sSb- 

C7ass *md Order. 
Enneatndria Trigynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. 6 -partita, patens. Caps, subrotundo-trigona, 3-Iocu- 
laris. Sem. numerosa, oblonga, margini valvularum adnata. 
Spica spathis 1-floris. Pursh. 

Specific Name and Synonym. 

Pleea tenuifolia. 

Pleea tenuifolia ; glaberrima : foliis angustissimis ensi- 

formibus sensim acutissimis. Michaux Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1. 

p. 248. t. 25. Pursh Fl. Amer.-Sept. 1. p. 278. 



Although referred by Michaux to the class Enneandria, 
the stamens are by no means confined to the number nine, 
but seem to vary from six to twelve. The lacinia? of the 
corolla (calyx of Jussieu) are constantly six, perhaps, there- 
fore, the number twelve may be the most natural for the 
stamens, though most generally reduced below that number 
by abortion. 

Our drawing was taken from a living specimen, obligingly 
communicated by our friend Aylmer Bourre Lambert, Esq. 
from his garden at Boy ton, in May last. We have since 
seen specimens from the same collection, containing five 
blossoms, open at the same time in one spike. The flowers 
are of a white colour within and greenish without : Michaux 
describes them as being a yellowish brown, but his descrip- 
tion was probably taken from the dried plant. 

Pleea belongs to the natural order of JuNCEiE, and is said 
by Michaux to have a near affinity with Narthecium ; but 
is, perhaps, still closer allied to Scheuchzeria. 

Native of open wet woods in Lower Carolina; and has not, 
we believe, been made to flower here out of the stove. 



( 1957 ) 

Daviesia mimosoides. Mimosa-leaved 
Daviesia. 

Class and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cat angulatus, ebractcatus. Cor. papilionacea : carina 
Texillo brevior. Germen pedicellatum, dispermum. Stylus 
strictus. Stigma simplex. Legumen compressum, angulatum, 
clastice dehiscens. Strophiola seminis postice Integra, Brown. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Daviesta mimosoides ; ramis inermibus, foliis elongato- 
lanceolatis mucrone brevissimo innocuo, corymbis axil- 
laribus geminis solitariisve, bracteis adpressis, calycis 
labio superiore retuso. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 3. p. 20. 

Daviesia corymbosa. Bot.Repos. 611. Donn Hort. Cantab, 
a Pursh, p. 134, nee Smithii. 

Daviesia glauca. Lodd. Bot. Cab. 43. 



This is a very pretty little shrub, bearing a profusion of 
flowers in May, June, and July. It has been generally 
railed Daviesia corymbosa in our nurseries, and is recorded 
as such in Donn's Catalogue, being mistaken for the species 
«o named by Sir James Edward Smith, in the 9th volume 
of the Transactions of the Linncan Society, a mistake which 
has been since corrected by Mr. Brown, in the third volume 
ot the Hortus Kewensis, published in 1811, where our plant 
is recorded under the name of mimosoides. Established by 
«uch an authority, this appellation ought not to have been 
again changed, and more especially in Ml English work. But 
the same has been lately published in the Botanical Cabinet, 

where 



where it is called glauca } a name which we have not found it 
recorded by, except in Loddiges' Catalogue for the year 1816. 

In Mr. Brown's character, the peduncles are said to grow 
from the axils of the leaves, either in pairs or singly. In 
cultivation, we never recollect seeing them otherwise than 
solitary. 

The Daviesia mimosoides is a native of New South- 
Wales, where it was observed by Robert Brown, Esq. and 
introduced into the Kew-Gardens by Mr. Thomas Gibbs, 
in 1809. But we learn, from the Botanical Cabinet, that it 
was raised from seeds by Messrs. Loddiges and Sons, about 
the year 1805. These excellent cultivators have not found it 
easy to propagate it by cuttings, and they tell us it thrives 
best in a soil composed of loam and peat. It requires the 
protection of a greenhouse or conservatory ; in the border of 
the latter it is seen to the greatest advantage. 



Vigsa. 




jyu* 



( 1958 ) 

Gnaphalium Leontopodium. LionVfoot 
Cudweed. 

Class and Order. 
Syngenesia Polygamia Superflua. 

Generic Character. 

Recept. nudum. Pappus pilosus seu plumosus. Cat. inv 
bricatus, squamis marginalibus rotundatis, scariosis, colo- 
ratis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 
***** Filaginoidea. 

Gnaphalium Leontopodium; caule herbaceo simplicissimo, 
foliis lineari-lanceolatis subtus tomentosis., floribus ter- 
minalibus sessilibusaggregatis, bracteis lanceolatis lanatis 
radiato pateutibus, calycibus villosis. Willd. Sp. PL 
v. 3. p. 1892. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 5. p. 19. 

Gnaphalium Leontopodium ; herbaceum caule simplicissimo, 
capitulo terminali bracteis hirsutissimis radiato. Sp. PL 
ed. I"* p. 1855. Scop. Cam. 2. p. 150. J acq. Austr. 1. 
p. 54. t. 86. Villars Delph 3. p. 191. 

Antennaria Leontopodium. Gcertn. Sem. 2. p. 410. t. 167. 

f.S.D. 

Filago Leontopodium. Spec. PL ed. 2. p. 1312. Reickard 

v. 3. p. 941. Syst. Nat. ed. 14. p. 796. Mart. Mill. 

Diet. n.l. 
Filago floribus sessilibus, umbellatis, foliis tomentosis urn* 

bellam excedentibus. Hall. Hist. n. 152. 
Leontopodium. Dod. Pempt. 68. Matthioli. Hist. Lugd. 

ed. Fr. 2. p. 231. Tabern. ed. Germ. 782. 
Gnaphalium alpinum. Clus. Pan. 495. Clus. Hist. 1. p. 328. 
Gnaphalium alpinum magno flore folio oblongo. Bauh. Pin. 

Gnaphalium alpinum pulchrum. Bauh. Hist. 3. p. 161. 

Raj. Hist. 1. p. 296. n. 9. 
Gnaphalium Leontopodium erectum. Barrel. Icon. 127. viii. 

128. viii. 

LlNNi£U9 A 



Linn,eus, Haller, and some other authors quote the 
Leontopodium, sive Pes Leonis, of Lobel (Icon 484, f. 1.) 
as variety (3 of this species ; but it does not appear that there 
is any authority whatever for the existence of such a plant, 
except the above-mentioned figure, which is suspected by 
John Bauhin, Ray, and Haller himself, to have been 
very faultily represented by Lobel's draughtsman, and after- 
wards copied by TabernjEmontanus, Gerard, and Parkin- 
son ; we have, therefore, omitted it altogether. 

Vaillant first separated the Filago acaulis of Linnaeus 
from the other Gnaphalia, chiefly on account of the seeds 
being altogether destitute of a pappus, and Linnaeus added 
several other species to the genus ; but it has been since 
found, that the seeds of all the others are crowned with a 
pappus, or at least that a part of them is so crowned ; for 
Sir James Smith has observed, that some of the exterior 
seeds are destitute of pappus, in several species. The pre- 
sence or absence of pappus being thus found too uncertain a 
character, botanists have now generally agreed to arrange 
these plants under Gnaphalium, in a distinct section, called 
Filaginoidea, a section framed by Linnaeus, even while he 
retained the genus Filago. 

This remarkable plant is a native of the Swiss, Pyrenean, 
and Austrian Alps. Ray gathered it on one of the highest 
peaks of Mount Jura. 

It is rare, and, like many other alpine plants, difficult to 
cultivate : for these natives of very elevated regions will seldom 
bear being kept in a confined air. In their natural situation 
they are protected from frost by a deep covering of snow ; 
perhaps, this might be successfully imitated, by covering 
them, as soon as the winter sets in, with saw-dust, to the 
thickness of twelve or eighteen inches, piled up in a steep 
ridge to throw off the rain. Care should at the same time 
be taken that no wet stagnate about their roots. The most 
suitable soil for most alpine plants is a very sandy peat. 

Gnaphalium Leontopodium is an herbaceous perennial. 
Flowers in June. Our drawing was taken, above three years 
ago, from a plant communicated by the late Mr. Pringle, of 
the Sydenham Nursery. 




fcqsq. 



C 1959 ) 

Stachys Arenaria. Purple-flowered 
Stachys. 

*** # *********** 

Class and Order. 

DlDYNAMIA GYMNOSrERMIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. labium superius fornicatum : lab. inferius Iateribus 
reflexum : lacinia intermedia majore emarginata. Stam. de- 
ll orata versus latera rcflexa. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Stachys arenaria ; verticillis suboctofloris, calycibus spinosis 
hirsutis, foiiis basi angustatis serrulatis, galea emarginata. 

Stachys arenaria; verticillis subspicatis, hirsutis sexfloris, 
calycibus spinosis, foiiis oblongis serratis obtusis, galea 
bifida. Vahl Symb. 2. p. 64. IVilld. Sp. PL 3. p. 105. 

Stachys arenaria; verticillis subspicatis, hirsutis, subsex' 
floris, villosis ; calycibus spinosis ; corollarum galea 
emarginata. Desfont. Atl. 2. p 21. t. 126. 

Stachys rubra. Donn Hort. Cant, (et Hortulanorum). 



Descr. Stem ascendent, square with rounded angles, hairy. 
Leaves oblong, lower ones petiolated, upper sessile, narrowed 
at the base, distantly serrated, smooth on the upper surface, 
and thinly haired on the under. Bractes at the lower 
whorls like the leaves, except being widest at the base, at 
the upper whorls mucronate, pungent. Calyxes sessile, hairy, 
pointed with pungent spines. Whorls from six- to ten- 
flowered, sometimes close together towards the extremities. 
Corolla bilabiate, upper lip erect, emarginate : lower lip 
3-lobed, middle lobe large, obtuse : tube gradually widening 
into a funnel-shaped faux. 

We 



We have no doubt but that this plant is the Stachys 
arenaria of Vahl and Desfontaines, though in the figure 
of the latter it appears much more hairy and the flowers 
smaller : circumstances liable to change by cultivation. Our 
plant was, however, considerably more hairy than is represented 



in the figure 



Native of the Levant, and the Coasts of Barbarv. A 
hardy perennial. Continues in flower a very long time. 
Communicated by Messrs. Loddiges and Sons. 



uUOOO 







( I960 ) 

BIetrosideros hispida. Rough 
Metrosideros. 

Class and Order. 

ICOSANDBIA MONOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cat 5-fidus semisuperus. Petala 5. Stamina longissima, 
exserta. Stigma simplex. Caps. 3- vel 4-locularis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Metrosideros hispida ; foliis oppositis basi cordatis am- 

plexicaulibus, ramulis pedunculis calycibusque hispidis. 

Smith in Linn. Soc. Transact. 3. p. 267. Ejusdem Exot. 

Bot. l.p.Sl.t. 42. Willd. Sp. PL 2. p. 952. Hort. Kew. 

ed. alt. 3. p. 183. Martyn Mill. Diet. n. I. 
Metrosidera hirsuta. Bot. Repos. 281. 
Metrosideros anomala. Venten. Malm. 5. 
Angophora cordifolia. Cav. Ic. 4t. 21. t. 338. 



Descr. Stem covered with stiff hairs of a brownish red 
colour. Leaves opposite, cordate-ovate, nearly sessile, veined, 
bordered by a cartilaginous undulate margin. Inflorescence 
•ubumbellate, terminal. Peduncles long, hispid. Calyx 
connate with the germen, eight or ten ribbed, the alternate 
ribs or angles deeply keeled, segments of the border four or 
five, linear. Petals four or five, white, inserted into the 
border of the calyx, alternating with its segments, and 
supported at the back by a projection of the intermediate 
calycine angles, which are dilated into a triangular process 
connate with the petal. Stamens very many, more than twice 
the length of the petals. Filaments white, inserted into the 
margin of the calyx : anthers very pale yellow. Crown of 
the germen broad, flat, white. Style straight : stigma 

truncate. 



truncate. In the specimens we have examined, the quaternary 
number in the divisions of the flower was more frequent than 
the quinary. 

There is a very remakable difference in the whole habit of 
this tree, from those species which approach so near to 
Melaleuca, as scarcely to be distinguished but by the fila- 
ments being unconnected. These last, however, are se- 
parated from Metrosideros, by Mr. Brown, under the 
name of Callistemon. 

Communicated by Mr. Whitley, in July 1809. Native 
of New South-Wales. Is by no means tender, only requiring 
to be protected from frost. Propagated by cuttings. First 
raised about the year 17S7, in the garden of the lata 
Dr. William Pitcairn., at Islington. 



IigSi. 




( 1961 ) 

Euphorbia punicea. Scarlet- flowered 

Spurge. 

C/rm and Order. 

DODECANDRIA TrIGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. 4. s. 5-petaIa, calyci insidens. C«/. 1-phyllus vcntri- 
cosus. Caps, tricocca. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Euphorbia punicea; umbella quinquefida : trifida, invohi- 
cellis ovalibus acuminatis coloratis, capsulis glabris, 
foliis lanceofeto-cuneiformibus subtus glaueis. Swartz 
Prod. 76. Ejusdem Flor. bid. Occident. 2. p. 873. 
Willd. Sp, PL 2. p. 916. Horl. Kew. ed. alt. 3. p. 167. 
Smith Icon. Bar. t. 3. Martyn Mill. Diet. n. 78. Jacq. 
Icon, Rar. 3. t. 481. Collect. 2. p. 179. Bot. Register, 
190. h 



Mr. Brown, in an Appendix to the Voyage of Captain 
Flinders, has remarked, that the name of the natural order, 
called by Jussieu Extpkorbia, should not have been taken from 
this genus, which is so little calculated to afford a correct idea 
of its structure, that authors are still at variance in the names 
and functions they assign to several parts of the v flower. 
Jussieu, in his Genera Plan tar urn, had made it a question, 
whether each of the stamens, as being jointed, surrounded 
by paleae, and shooting up at different periods, might not be 
considered as so many monandrous, male flowers, collected 
around one female, in a common calyx or involucrum. So 
considered, he observes, that the flower of Euphorbia would be 
compound, and the genus monoicous ; and thus more con- 
gruous with the rest of the family, from which it otherwise 

differs 



differs so much, as, perhaps, to render it a distinct order, to 
be hereafter divided into several genera, according to the 
number and form of the org-ans. This hint does not seem to 
have been pursued by any of his followers, as appears by the 
account given of Euphorbia, by Lamarck. (Encycl. Bot. 413 .) 
Ventenat (Tableau 3. p. 487. J Richard (in Mich. Fl. 
Bor.-Am. 2 p. 209.) and Decandolle (Fl. Fran$. 3. p. 329J 
but has been improved upon by Mr. Brown, who considers 
the part above the joint as the only true filament, and the part 
below as the peduncle. Of course, as the joint is quite naked, 
the flower, in this view, must be altogether destitute of peri- 
anthium ; the filiform scales, by some authors considered as 
such, being on this supposition analagous to bracteae. If this 
view of the structure be correct, Mr. Brown observes, that 
the true filament or part above the joint, should, as in other 
plants, be produced subsequent to the formation of the anther, 
and accordingly he finds, in every species that he has examined, 
that the anther is at first sessile, upon the part below the 
joint or the peduncle. The different surfaces of the parts above 
and below the joint in some species confirm the above view ; 
but it may be said to be absolutely proved, not only by an 
unpublished genus of the same natural order, mentioned in 
the appendix above quoted, but still more directly by certain 
species of Euphorbia itself, especially by one in the Banksian 
Herbarium, a native of Patagonia, in which the female flower 
js furnished with a manifest calyx, the footstalk of the ovarium 
terminating in three distinct and equal lobes of considerable 
length, and which, being regularly opposite to the cells of 
the capsule, may be compared to the three outer foliola of the 
periauthium of Phyllanthus, between which and the ceils of 
the capsule the same relation exists. Vide Trans. Linn. Soc. 
vol. 12. p. 99. note. 

This very ornamental stove plant, native of Jamaica, is 
easily propagated by cuttings, or by seeds imported or pro- 
duced here. Flowers from Christmas to Midsummer. In- 
troduced in 1778, by Matthew Wallen, Esq. Our drawing 
was made several years ago, at Mr. Woodfords, late of 
Vauxhali. 



( 1962 ) 
Celsia Arcturus Scollop-leaved Celsia. 

#4 i $ fr $ % 4t fr if i i | i ft $ ♦ | ♦♦ ♦ ♦ 

Cfrm ««c? Order. 

DlDYNAMIA ANGIOSPERMIA. 

Generic Character. 
Cat. 5-partitus. Cor. rotata. 2<Y/«?fl.barbata. C#ps. 2-IocuIaris. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Celsia Arcturus ; foliis radicalibus lyratis : superioribus ob- 
longis, pedicellis bracteis longioribus, foJiolis calycinis 
liuearibus integerrimis. Vahl Symbol. 3. p. 79. Willd. 
Sp. PL 3. p. 280. Hort. Keio. ed. alt. 4. p. 26. Persoon 
Syn. 2. p. 161. Jac?. Hort Fmd©6. 2. /j. 53. *. 107. 

Celsia Arcturus ; foliis radicalibus lyrato-pinnatis, pedun- 
culis flore longioribus. Syst. Veg. ed. 13. 469. ed. 14. 
561. Reich. Spec. PI. 3. p. 15L 

Arcturus creticus. Belli Epist. in Clus. Hist. 2. p. 299. 

Verbascum Arcturus ; foliis lyrato-pinnatis. Sp. PL 254. 

Verbascum humile creticum laciniatum. Bauh. Pin. 240. 

Verbascum Brassicae folio. Column. Ecphr. 2. p. 81. t. 82. 

Verbascum syivestre creticum. Alp. Exot. p. 123. *. 122. 



This plant varies with leaves more or less pubescent, which 
are in some instances alternate,, in others opposite below and 
alternate upwards, in others again completely opposite the 
whole length and the peduncles also, as in Jacquin's figure, 
above quoted. Linnaeus, who had not then seen the last- 
mentioned figure, observes, that the leaves of his plant were 
opposite, but in those of former authors alternate. This 
disposition to vary, particularly in the degree of pubescence, 
leads us to doubt if the Celsia viscosa of Roth, and Will- 
denow in his Enumeration of the Plants of the Berlin Garden, 
»e not a mere variety of Arcturus. 

The 



The first notice we have of this plant, occurs in a letter 
of Honorius Bellus, a Physician at Cydonia in the island 
of Candia, to Clusius, published in the second volume of 
his Historia Plantarum. It was again described and figured 
by Prosper Alpinus, as a native of the same island ; and 
afterwards by Fabius Column a, whose representation is 
excellent and evidently, like ours, of a very pubescent variety, 
with alternate leaves and peduncles. 

LinNjEus, with the older Botanists, at first considered this 
plant as a species of Verbascum ; nor do we find that it pos- 
sesses one generic character, different from that genus, if we 
except the want of the fifth stamen. 

A tolerably hardy annual or biennial. Flowers from June 
to August. 

Communicated by Messrs. Chandler and Buckingham, 
of Vauxhall, who observed that it came up with three dif- 
ferent parcels of seeds from New South-Wales. It is, however, 
more probable that it was latent in the soil than in the seed 
sown. 



fy 



03. 




( 1963 ) 

Sempervivum glutinosum. Clammy 
houseleek. 

Gtass and Order. 

DoDECANDRIA DoDECAGYNU. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 8— -12-partitus. Petala 8—12. Caps. 8—12, poly- 
spermy. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Sempervivum glutinosum ; foliis cuneiformibus viscidis ci- 
liatis : ciliis cartilagineis adpressis. Hort. Kew. ed. 1. 2. 
p. 147.— ed. alt. 3. p. 172. Willd. Sp. PL 2. p. 93L 
Martyn Mill. Diet. n. 3. 



Descr. Stem shrubby. Leaves collected together at the 
extremities of the branches, fleshy, wedge-shaped, acuminate, 
very convex underneath, flattish above, edged with cartila- 
ginous teeth, slightly clammy. Inflorescence, a spreading 
panicle : branches alternate, very divaricate, rounded, and 
extremely clammy. Bractes fleshy, ovate, convex under- 
neath, flattish above. Pedicles snorter than the flower. 
Calyx 8 — 9-cleft. Petals yellow, equal in number to and 
alternating with the segments of the calyx. Stamens double 
the number of the petals, opposed to and alternating with 
them. Germens 8 — 9, but not always corresponding in 
number with the petals. Nectaries as many, very small, 
emarginate. 

Native of Madeira. Found by Mr. Fr. Massoi*. Intro- 
duced in 1777. Flowers in July, August, and September. 
Requires to be kept from frost and damp air. Propagated 
easily by cuttings, which should be suffered to lie in a dry 
place, after their separation, some weeks before they are 
planted. 

Our 



Our drawing was made from a plant communicated by 
Mr. George Graves. Our description taken from one com- 
municated in September 1816, by Messrs. Whitley, Bra me, 
and Milne, of the Pulhara Nursery. We are not aware 
that any figure has been before given of this species, which 
was first described in the original edition of Aiton's Hortus 
Kewensis, 



( 1964 ) 

Pachysandra procumbens. Trailing 
Pachysandra. 

•%% 4t $ ft ft $ frfe ♦♦ ♦ * i & ft <fc* ft* 

C/ass and Order. 

MoNffiCIA TeTRANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Masc. Cal. 4-phyllus. Cor. 0. Stam. crassa, calyce triplo 
longiora. 

Fcem. Cal. 4-phyllus. Slyli 3 } persistentes. Caps, tri- 
comis, 3-locularis. Sem. 2. 

Specific Name and Synonyms. 

Pachysandra procumbens. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 5. p. 260. 
Bot. Reg. 33. 

Pachysandra procumbens ; caule procumbente, foliis brevi- 
bus, ovalibus, superne crenato -dentatis, calycibus mi- 
nutim ciliatis., capsula puberula. Michaux Ft. Bor.- 
Amer. 2. p. 178. t. 45. Pursh Fl. Am. Sept. \. p. 117. 
Persoon Syn. 2. p. 551. Willd. Sp. PL 4. p. 339. 



The Pachysandra was first described in Michaux's Flora 
of North-America, and received its name from the remarkable 
thickness of its stamens*. It has very little beauty to re- 
commend it to the flower-garden ; but the curious Botanist 
will regard it with some interest, as affording a rare instance 
of so great a similarity in the organs of fructification with so 
wide a difference in habit as exists between this plant and 



the 



the Box-Tree : the generic character of FachysAndrA dif- 
fering but little from that of Buxus. It likewise furnishes 
to the student a good example of the class Moncecia, in which 
the female organs are in separate flowers from the male on 
the same plant. A hardy perennial. Native of North- 
America ; found in Canada, on the banks of the Ohio and 
in the Alleghany Mountains, in shady rocky situations. 

Flowers in March and April. Introduced by Messrs, 
Frasers, of Sloane-Square. 



( 1065 ) 
LONICERA CjERULEA. BlUE-BERRIED 

Honeysuckle. 
■*-#■ Wt 4hNhMn| HNHtiMNfr 

C7#ss #w</ Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. 1-petala, irregularis. Bacca polyspermy 2-locularis, 

infera. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 
** Chamaecerasa, pedunculis bifloris. 

Lonicera ccerulea ; pedunculis bifloris, baccis coadunatis 

globosis, stylis indivisis. Sp. PL 249, Syst. Veg. ed. 14. 

p. 216. Willd. 1. p. 988. HorL Kew. ed. alt. 1. p. 380. 

Persoon Syn. 1. />. 219. Martyn Mill. Diet. n. 14. 

Gwe/. 8&tr. 3./?. 131. Scoj?. Carniol. 1. «. 246. Pa//. 

i?oss. 1. ;?. 58. £. 37. J«ca. Jwsfr. 5. p. 35. *. Jpp. 17. 

Schmidt Arb. t. 114. 
Lonicera pyrenaica. Pall. It. 2. p. 568. (errore ab ipso 

auctore detecto.) 
Periclymenum rectum fructu caeruleo. Clus. Pan. 85. /. 

86. rectum in. Clus. Hist. 1. 58. Bauh. Hist. 2. 

p. 108. Ger. Emac. 1295. 3. P«r&. TAeafr. 1463. 3. 

/?o/. Ms*. 1492. 
Cham^cerasus montana fructu singulari caeruleo. Bank. 

Pin. 451. 
Caprifolium foliis ovatis, bacca singulari ovata hiflora. 

Hall. Hist. n. 674. 



The wood of the Lonicera ccerulea is said by Pallas to 
be very hard and beautifully veined. The berries stain paper 
of a deep purple colour, and were in Ciusius's time collected 
for the purpose of dyeing. 

This 



This shrub varies in the form of its leaves and berries ; 
both of which are sometimes rounder, at others more oblong : 
Pallas figured the latter variety and engraved the name of 
L. alta'ica on the plate, but in his description acknow- 
ledges it to be only a variety ; and in the same place has 
corrected an error he had made in his Travels, in calling it 
pyrenaica. Several species of Lonicera bear their flowers 
two together with the berries more or iess united ; but in 
ccerulea, the two distinct corollas produce between them a 
single uniformly rounded berry. 

A hardy shrub. Native of Switzerland, Austria, and 
Siberia. Flowers in March and April. Communicated by 
John Walker, Esq. of Arno's-Grove. 



Yigffi: 




WU&S* 



( 1966 ) 

Gaultheria procumbens. Trailing 
Gaultheria. 

Class and Order. 

Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. exterior 2-phyIIus : interior 5-fidus. Cor. ovata. 
Nectarium mucronibus 10. Caps. 5-locularis, vestita calyce 
interiore baccato. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Gaultheria procumbens ; foliis oblongo-obovatis mucronatis 

dentatis confertis, caule procumbente. Willd. Sp. PI. 

2. p. 616. Hort Kew. ed. alt. 3. p. 55. 
Gaultheria procumbens. Sp. PL 565. Kalm in Amain. 

Acad. 3. p. 14. t. 1. / 6. Du Hamel Arb. 1. p. 286. 

t. 113. Willd. Arb. 125. Bot. Cabinet 82. Gcertn. 

Sem. 1. p. 306. t. 63./. 8. 
Gaultheria procumbens ; repens: foliis ovalibus basi acutis, 

calycis brevissimi laciniis subrotundo-ovalibus. Michaux 

Fl Bor.-Amer. 1. p. 249. 
Gaultheria procumbens ; caule procumbente, ramis erectis 

inferne nudis superne confertim foliosis, foliis obovatis 

basi acutis tenuissime ciliato-dentatis, floribus paucis 

terminalibus nutantibus, Pursh Fl. Amer. Sept. 1. 

p. 283. 
Gaultheria procumbens ; foliis oblongo-ovatis mucronatis 

dentatis confertis, caule procumbente flexuoso glabro. 

Per soon Syn. I. p. 482. Bot. Repos. 116. ejusdem 

Recens. 84. Lamarck Illustr. t. 367. 
Vitis IdjEA canadensis, pyrolae folio. Tourn. Inst. 608. 
Anonyma pedunculis arcuatis. Cold. Noveb. 98. in Act. Ups. 



This is a very pretty dwarf evergreen shrub of easy culture, 
and when suffered to spread undisturbed, bears both ripe 

fruit 



fruit and flowers at the same time. Its name was given to it 
by Peter Kalm, in honour of Dr. Gaulthier., a Canadian 
physician and botanist. 

Native of Canada and the Alleghany mountains. Is called 
by the inhabitants Partridge Berries and Mountain Tea ; 
being made use of as a substitute for the Chinese vegetable, 
or in addition to the more ordinary kinds of Tea to improve 
its flavour. 

Flowers in July and August. Cultivated by Ph. Miller 
in 1762. Communicated by N. S. Hodson, Esq. 



( 1967 ) 

Pistacia Lentiscus. Common Mastick- 

Tree. 

Class and Order. 
Dicecia Pentandria, 

Generic Character. 

-Masc. Col. 5-fidus. Cor. 0. 

Fem. Cal. 3-fidus. Cor. 0. Sty US. Drupa 1-sperma, 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Pistacia Lentiscus; foliis abrupte pinnatis : foliolis lanceo* 

latis octonis, petiolo alato. — Willd. Sp. PI. 4. p. 753. 

Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 5. p. 382. 
Pistacia Lentiscus; foliis abrupte pinnatis : foliolis lanceo- 

latis. Sp. PL 1455. Reich. 4. p. 247. Hort. Cliff. 

456. Woodv. Med. Bot. 412. Des/! Ail. v. 2. p. 365. 
Lentiscus vulgaris. Bauh. Pin. 339. Matthioli Kreuterb. 

19. C. DuHam.Arb.l o. 354. £. 136. JonstonDendrogr, 

297. *. 84. 
Lentiscus, C/ms. His/). 84. t. 8b— Hist. 1. p. 14. Dod. 

pempt. 871. Camer. Epit. 50. fig. bona. /fawA. Hist. 

1. pars 1. />. 285. Lob. ic. 2. 96. Ger. emac. 1432. 

Par*. 7%«rfr. 1524. I. /fa/. Ms*. 1579. Blackw. 

Herb. 1. <. 195. 
Lentisque. Tournef. Voy. 1. p. 375. /fagra. l&rt. 



The Pistacia Lentiscus, of which our figure represents a 
male plant, is a native of the South of Europe and the Levant. 
Desfontaines says that it is very common in Barbary, both 
wild and cultivated, but he observes that it produces no 
Mastick, though the wood gives out an aromatic scent in 
burning. Both there and in Spain an oil is extracted from 

the 



the berries, which is used for eating- as well as burning in 
lamps. 

It is pretty certain that the tree produces little or no 
Mastick except in the island of Quo, where it is an important 
article of cultivation ; whence some botanists have doubted 
whether the Chio tree be not a different species from that of 
the European and African Continents ; it seems however to be 
generally allowed that there is no specific difference between 
them. 

With us it makes a handsome greenhouse shrub and has 
been cultivated as such for a century and half, being men- 
tioned in Evelyn's Calendar, published in 1664. It does not 
very frequently produce flowers in this country, or at least 
not till it has acquired the growth of several years. 

Flowers in May. Propagated by cuttings. Communicated 
by Messrs. Whitley, Biume, aiid Milne, of the Fulham 
Nursery, 




1 itijl v . $. ^u,rC^ S . WlU W> rck . fti .3.1 SiS. 



WtittJU.Sc 



( 1968 ) 

Canna iridiflora. Nodding-flowered 
Canna or Indian Reed. 

Class and Order. 

MONANDRIA MoNOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Anthera simplex jfilamenti margini adnata. Stylus crassus, 
claviformis. Stigma obtusum. Caps. 3-locularis. Sem. 
globosa, numerosa. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Canna iridiflora ; floribus nutantibus, laciniis interioribui 
emarginatis, filamento revoluto, nectario bifido. 

Canna iridiflora ; foliis ovatis acuminatis, laciniis tribus 
corollae interioribus majoribus. Flor. Peruv. 1. p. I. 



This is undoubtedly by far the most splendid species of 
Canna that is yet known. The only account we have of it 
is in the Flora Peruviana of Ruiz and Pavon ; where it is 
described, but no figure given. It is a tall plant, with foliage 
large and beautiful ; flowers pendulous, in long and generally 
double racemes ; tube of the corolla three times longer than 
the calyx ; three external lacinia? narrow, convolute ; three 
internal ones large, spreading, emarginate of a fine crimson 
colour ; the petal-formed filament is extended considerably 
beyond the anther and rolls up from the apex downwards ; 
the nectarium or fourth internal Iacinia is of the same colour 
as the other three, rather larger and bifid. 

Native of Peru, or at least is cultivated in the gardens of the 
Peruvian town Pillao. where it flowers from May to October. 

For 



For an opportunity of adorning our magazine with this 
splendid acquisition, we are indebted to our friend Aylmer 
Bourke Lambert, Esq. in whose stove it flowered in Decem- 
ber last. It was raised from seeds under rather peculiar 
circumstances ; for having received in the year 1816, from 
the celebrated Don Jos. Pavon,, several hundred sorts of 
seeds and fruits collected in his travels through Peru and 
Chili, Mr. Lambert determined, notwithstanding the great 
length of time they had been collected, to try to raise such as 
he thought most likely to retain their vegetating property. 
Out of these he was fortunate in raising eighteen species, 
which are now growing in his hot-house at Boy ton ; amongst 
these are the Canna iridiflora and Caesalpinia Tar a. Fl. 
Peruv. ined. the Poinciana spinosa of Feuillee's Journal, 
vol. 2. t. 39. 



( 1969 ) 
Zamia fuRfuracea. Broad-leaved Zamia. 

• Class and Order. 

DlCECIA PoLYANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Masc. Amentum strobiliforme. Cat. squama obovata. 
Cor. 0. Antherce globosae, rima dehiscentes, in squama 
sessiles. 

Pem. Amentum strobiliforme. Cal. squamae peltatse. 
Cor. 0. Germina 2. Styli 0. Baccce 2, 1-sperma?. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Zamia furfuracea ; frondibus pinnatis : foliolis Ianeeolatis 

acutis muticis a medio ad apicem serratis subtus furfura- 

ceis, stipite teretiusculo inferne spinoso. Willd. Sp. 

PL 4. p. 848. Hort. Kew. ed. 1. 3. p. 477.— ed. alt. 

5. p. 411. Per soon Syn. 2. p. 631. Mart. Mill. 

Diet. n. I. 
Palmifolia fructu clavato polyspermo. Trena Ehret. t. 26. 
Palm a americana foliis Polygonati brevioribus leviter serratis 

et nonnihil spinosis, trunco crasso. Pluk. Aim. 276. 

t. 103. f. 2. et t. 309. f. 5. 
Palm a americana crassis rigidisque foliis. Herm. Parad. 

p. 210. cum fig. 



The Rootstock in this species is large and grows to a foot 
or two in height ; leaves pinnate ; leaflets about ten pair, 
regularly widening towards the apex, lower half quite entire, 
upper half minutely serrated and somewhat jagged at the 
extremity. The footstalk or stipes has several small prickles, 
and is dilated into a rounded concave form at the base. 
Omentum or Spadix pedunculated, oval with a conical apex, 

downy, 



downy, of a uniform pale yellowish brown colour : when 
wounded a mucilaginous liquor oozed out, which hardened 
into a pellucid, nearly insipid or slightly bitterish gum. 

Cultivated at Hampton-Court in 1691. Philip Miller 
raised it from seeds sent by Houston, from Old Vera Cruz 
in America, who observed in two different seasons, that when 
in ripe fruit, the leaves were all fallen off. Miller remarks, 
that all the plants that had flowered in England were male ; 
but both our's and the one figured dv.Ehret, were female. 
Requires to be kept in the stove. 

Communicated by Messrs. Loddiges and Sons, in August 
1816. 



j: 



w- 




Rd. 



( 1970 ) 

Hebenstretia fruticosa. Shrubby 
Hebenstretia. 

Class and Order. 

DlDYNAMIA AnGIOSPERMIA, 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 2-emarginatus, subtus fissus. Cor. 2-labiata : labio 
adscendente, 4-fido. Caps. 3-disperma. Stam. margine 
limbi corolla? inserta. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Hebenstretia fruticosa ; foliis laneeolatis dentatis glabris, 
bracteis integris, caule fruticoso. Linn. Suppl. 287. 
Syst. Veg. ed. 14. p. 570. Thunb. Prodr. p. 103 
rejecto synonymo Bergeri. 



Descr. Stems suffruticose, branched, slightly hairy. Leaves 
linear-lanceolate, dentate or rather pinnatiiid-dentate, smooth 
when full grown, but the younger leaves are somewhat hairy 
along the mid-rib on the underside. Bractes quite entire, 
ovate-acuminate, sometimes ciliate. Flowers in oblong spikes, 
white, night-smelling, but not agreeable, being a mixture of 
a fragrant with a rusty bacon-like scent. Calyx small, 
bipartite, enclosed by the involving bracte. Tube of corolla 
longer than calyx, filiform ; limb one-lipped, erect, divided 
into four segments. Sta??iens 4, didynamous ; filaments 
inserted into the margin of the limb. Germen ovate. Style 
the length of the tube. Stigma capitate. 

The specific characters of Hebenstretia fruticosa and 
erinoides, as given by Professor Thunberg, seem to be hardly 
sufficient to determine to which our plant belongs ; but it 
certainly corresponds best with fruticosa, as the leaves are 
smooth, not hairy, and dentate, not serrate; the younger 

bractes 



bractes are indeed ciliated., but hot so the older ones,, nor can 
they in any case be well said to be hispid. Our plant too 
agrees with Heb. fruticosa in the Banksian Herbarium, and 
the onjy circumstance, that would lead us to doubt of its 
really belonging to that species, is, that Thunberg has quoted 
the Eranthemum par viftorum of Bergius as a synonym of his 
fruticosa, which has certainly nothing to do with our plant, 
and can indeed hardly belong to the genus Hebenstretia. 

Native of the Cape of Good Hope. Flowers in August. 

Communicated by Messrs. Whitley, Brame, and Milne, 
of the Fulham Nursery, 



( 1971 ) 

Melastoma hirta. Large Blue-fruited 
Melastoma. 

■& *#■&-*- $-$•$-$-$-$-*- *■*•#-#■#■■*♦ 

Class and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-fidus, campanulatus. Petala 5, calyci inserta. 
Bacca 5-locuIaris, calyce obvoluta. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Melastoma hirta ; foliis denticulatis quinquenerviis ovato- 

lanceolatis, caule hispido. Sp. PL 559. Wittd. 2. 

p. 588. Persoon %w. 1. p. 474. Hurt. Kern, ed. alt. 

3. p. 45. Swartz Obs. 175. Mart, Mill. Diet. n. 4. 
Arbuscula jamaicensis quinquenervis minutissime dentatis 

foiiis et caule pubescentibus ; floscttlis ex smu foliorum 

gemellis. Pluk. Aim. 40. t. 264. / 1. 



Our plant agrees in every respect as far as could be 
examined, with the description given by Swartz in his 
Observations above quoted; except in the size of the flowers, 
which he calls largish (majusculi) ; it agrees also with the 
hirta of the Banks ian Herbarium. 

Though the flowers of this little shrub make no show, yet 
from the beauty of the foliage and the red pubescence of the 
branches ; it may be considered as a very ornamental plant. 

Native of the mountains of Jamaica. Requires to be kept 
in the stove. Flowers from September to December. Pro- 
pagated by cuttings. Communicated by Messrs. Barr and 
Brookes, of the Northampton Nursery, Ishngton. 



-%*■ 



"*t*-Tr°i**«k.M* n k JJ i 1 B. 



ruu^\ 



( 1972 ) 
Chrysocoma Comaurea. Great Shrubby 

GoLDY-LOCKS. 



Class and Order. 
Syngenesia Polygamia /equalis. 

Generic Character. 

Recept. nudum. Pappus simplex. Cat. hemisphaericus, 
imbricatus. Stylus vix flosculis longior. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Chrysocoma Comaurea; foliis linearibus glabris acutis dorso 

decurrentibus. 
Chrysocoma fruticosa, foliis linearibus dorso decurrentibus. 

Hort. Cliff. 397. 
Chrysocoma Coma aurea ; fruticosa, foliis linearibus rectis 

glabris. Sp. PL 1177. 
Chrysocoma Comaurea; fruticosa, foliis linearibus rectis 

glabris dorso decurrentibus. StysL Veg. ed. 12. p. 539. 

Ed. 14. p. 739. Thunbr. Prodr. 112. WiUd. Sp. 

Pi 3. p. 1788. Persoon Syn. 2. p. 404. Hort. Kew. 

ed. alt. 4. p. 513. Martyn Mill. Diet. n. 2. 
Conyza aethiopica, flore bullato aureo, pinastri brevioribus 

foliis laete viridibus. Pluk. Aim. 400. t. 327. Jig. ult. 
Elichrvsum africanum multiflorum tenuifolium frutescens. 

Folk. Norimb. 148. t. 148. 
Coma aurea africana fruticans, foliis Linariae angustis major. 

Commel. Hort. 2. p. 89. t. 45. 



Linnaeus in his Hortus Cliffortianus, quoted Commelin's 
figure as a representation of this species, but in his Species 
Plantarum he transferred it to cernua, in which he has been 
since universally followed ; to us however it appears that the 
figures of Commelin, Yolc&amer and Plukenet represent 

the 



thf same plant, although the two latter are retained as syno- 
nyms of Comaurea. In the Species Plantarum, he also added 
the character of straight (rectis) and omitted that of the back 
of the leaves being; decurrent ; but this last character was 
restored in all his later publications. In our plant the leaves 
are hardly ever straight, but more or less recurved and 
sharp-pointed, as they are also represented in all the three 
figures above quoted. 

Native of the Cape of Good Hope. A Greenhouse shrub, 
which flowers most part of the year. Propagated by cuttings 
or seeds. Communicated by N. S. Hodson, Esq. late of the 
war-office. 



nop. 




( 1973 ) 

Campanula lactiflora. Milk-white 
Bell-Flower. 

■ajHjfr ♦♦♦•♦♦♦ jShjhM* M- ♦#♦♦♦ 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. campanulata : fundo clauso valvis staminiferis. Stig- 
ma trifidum. Caps, infera, poris lateralibus dehiscens. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

* (Capsulis ovatis, calycibus 5-fidis.) 

Campanula lactiflora; foliis lanceolatis biserratis cauleque 
ramoso hispidis, floribus paniculatis, calycibus hispidis : 
segmentis dilatatis serratis. Flor. Taur. Caucas. 1. p. 
153. Bot. Reg. 241. Poiret Suppl. Encyclop. n. 107. 



Plants in a cultivated state frequently lose more or less of 
their pubescence ; so in the present instance while the stem 
remained hispid, the leaves and the calyxes shewed very little 
hairiness, the former were rough on the under surface, but 
not hairy ; the latter smooth, except towards the inner points 
of the segments, unevenly serrulate : serratures glandular and 
red-coloured. Flowers in a close panicle, white. M. Mar- 
schall von Bieberstein remarks, that the flowers are white 
or of a very dilute blue colour : this excellent botanist collected 
it in the pastures about Wladi-Kawkas castle, in the mount 
Kaischaur, one of the Caucasean alps, and first described 
the species. 

A hardy perennial, of considerable beauty. It belongs to 
that section of the genus Campanula, in which the border of 
the calyx is divided into five segments, as contradistinguished 

from 



from such as have the calyx divided into ten segments, the 
alternate ones reflected over the germen, to which last section 
the Campanula betonicifolia of the Prodromus florae graecae 
belongs, as may be inferred from the first character, viz. 
capsulis obtectis ; and cannot therefore be the same with 
this species. 

The plant from which our drawing was taken, was com- 
municated by Messrs. Loddiges and Sons, nearly three years 
ago, in July 1815. 




w- 



( 1974 ) 

(Enothera corymbosa. Corymbose 
CEnothera or Evening Primrose. 

Class and Order. 

OCTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 4-fidus, tubulosus. Petala 4. Caps. 4-locularis, 4- 
valvis, infera. Se?n. nuda. 

Specific Character. 

Oenothera corymbosa ; caule stricto hispido sulcato, foliis 
lanceolatis repando-denticulatis, capsulis sessilibus angu- 
lato cylindricis : valvis apice reflexis. 



Descr. Stem three feet high, quite straight, red and hispid 
at the lower part, green and smoother upwards. Branches 
»ew, straight and short, and, as well as the leaves below 
the flowers, supported by strong buttresses running down the 
stem, and giving this a furrowed appearance. Leaves lanceo- 
late, narrowed towards the extremities, creeping-denticulated. 
Flowers axillary. Germen nearly straight with prominent 
an gles, sessile. Tube of the calyx more than twice the length 
of the germen : Limb 4-cleft : Segments lanceolate, reflexed, 
and mostly adhering together at the point by pairs. Petals 
Averse-heart-shaped, crenulate at the apex, veined. Stamens 
shorter than the petals. Stigmas 4, thick, spreading. After 
the flower falls off, the capsule appears crowned by the four 
Points of the valves, reflected, and shewing their white 
•nsides. 

(Enothera corymbosa is specifically different from, but 
comes nearest to, longijlora. 

For 



For this fine species, which appears to us to be an un- 
described one, we are indebted to the Most Honourable 
the Marquiss of Bath., in whose garden at Longleats, in 
Wiltshire, it was raised from Mexican seeds in 1816, and 
flowered in September and October the following year, as 
we are informed by the Marquiss's gardener, Mr. Thomas 
Ash worth. 



\ 




( 1975 ) 
Aloe ferox. Great Hedge-hog Aloe. 

Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. erecta, ore patulo, fundo nectarifero. Filam. recep- 
taculo inserta. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Aloe ferox; caule arborescente foliis, perfoliatis undequaque 

spinosis, staminibus corolla duplo longioribus. PI. Grass. 

32. Hort. Kew. ed alt. 2. p. 293. Per soon Syn. 1. p. 

378. Lam. Encycl. 1. p. 87. 
Aloe ferox ; foliis ovato-cuneiformibuS rigidiusculis g-laucis ; 

paginis prrecipue inferiore regulariter spinosissimis. 

Haworth in Lin. Soc. Tr. v. 7. p. 21. Ejusd. succulent. 

p. 76. 
Aloe perfoliata $. ferox ; foliis amplexicaulibus nigricantibus 

undique spinosis. Hort. Kew. ed. I. I. p. 467. Mill. 

Diet. 
Aloe africana caulescens, foliis glaucis caulem amplectenti- 

bus. Commel. pralud. p. 70. t. 19 ? 



The Great Hedge-Hog Aloe is a very old inhabitant of 
our greenhouses, and is the loftiest of the whole genus, 
sometimes reaching, Mr. Haworth says, to the height of 
nearly twenty feet. But although there are many old plants 
in the country, it has been very rarely known to flower ; so 
rarely, that we do not remember to have heard any one say 
that they had seen it in this state, nor does it appear that 
even Mr. Haworth himself, who has paid so much attention 
^ this tribe of plants, had ever seen it in blossom at the time 
°f his last publication. The Hortus Kewensis fixes April and 
1 May 



May as its flowering season, but probably it has never blos- 
somed there : M. De Candolle says it flowers in the winter. 
Our drawing was taken in January last, from a plant in the 
possession of Thomas Hitchen, Esq. of Norwich, whose 
liberality in sending us an excellent drawing-, with specimens 
of the flowers and foliage, we thankfully acknowledge. The 
uncoloured engraving represents, upon a reduced scale, the 
whole plant, which is nearly six feet high, the trunk below 
the leaves being three feet : the coloured part, a portion of 
one of the upper leaves and one of the three branches of the 
flowering stem of the natural size ; a separate flower is given 
in its most fully expanded state, by which it may be observed, 
that the generic character of an expanded mouth did not hold 
good, in our specimen at least ; the other figure represents a 
flower on its first opening, forcibly displayed to shew the 
germen, style, and the filaments, which last are only half the 
length they afterwards acquire. They appeared to us to be 
really hypogynous, or attached to the receptacle below the 
germen, and not to the petals ; but in this state the inner 
petals embrace the filaments so closely, that they can hardly be 
pulled off without bringing these away with them. The leaves 
produce spines from every part, but sharper, longer, stouter, 
and more curved along the margins, and in a line along the 
middle of both the upper and under side. They abound with 
a yellowish juice, which concretes into a gum-resin, intensely 
bitter, without the nauseous taste of the hepatic aloes. 

Mr. Hitchen informs us, that he has two of these plants, 
nearly of the same size, which he supposes are at least forty 
years old. He kept the one in the house, and exposed the 
other to the open air during the summer months ; the latter 
of these, invigorated by free ventilation, produced its flowers 
in the winter, but the other has not bloomed. Mr. Hitchen 
is probably right in his conjecture, that these plants would 
flower more frequently if they were not kept at all times 
under cover. We have made the same observation in speak- 
ing of the Cactus triangularis, No. 1884. 

Aloe ferox is a native of the Cape of Good-Hope. Culti- 
vated by Miuler in 1759. 




Jigfi 




KJ-.t-r.S.£krtC.W*lT<rrlk.Ap*a 1 .. l 8 l S. » 






( 1976 ) 
Verbena stricta. Upright Vervain. 

■% ♦♦♦♦♦♦ fc-W ♦♦$♦$ *f:- 
Class and Order. 

DlDYNAMIA AngIOSPERMIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. limbus subbilabiatus, quinquelobus, inaequalis. Stam. 
non exserta. Utriculus evanidus. Sem. 2 — 4. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Verbena stricta ; hirsuta albicans, spicis cylindraceis, foliis 

subsessilibus ovatis serratis, caulibus strictis teretibus. 

Venten. Cels. bS. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 4. p. 41. Per- 

soon Syn. 2. p. 139. 
Verbena stricta ; hirsuta, albicans ; caulibus rigide erectis, 

foliis sessilibus obovalibus serratis subtomentoso-hirsutis- 

simis, spicis strictis imbricatis subfasciculatis. Pursk 

Fl. Amer. Septentr. 2. p. 417. 
Verbena stricta ; spicis fasciculatis, * foliis ovatis sessilibus 

duplicato-dentatis cauleque stricto hirsutissimis. fVilld. 

Enum. 633. 
Verbena rigens ; caulibus rigide erectis : foliis obovalibus 

subtomentoso-hirsutissimis : spicis imbricatis. Michaux 

Flor. Bor.-Amer. 2. p. 14. 



Verbena stricta is a hardy perennial ; native of Carolina 
and the Illinois country. It sometimes produces several 
flowering spikes, and sometimes one only, as in our drawing. 
Introduced in 1802 by M. Cels. Flowers in July, August, 
and September. Communicated by N. S. Hodson, Esq. 
late of the War-Oflice. 



Fa 



Ti- 







( 1977 ) 

Sedum ternatum. Purslane -leaved 
Stone-crop. 

C/«ss and Order. 

Decandria Pentagynia, 

Generic Character. 

Cat. 5-fidus. Cor. 5-petala. Squama? nectariferae 5, ad 
basin germinis. Caps. 5. 

Specific Character and Sj/noni/ms. 

Sedum ternatum ; (pumilum repens) foliis planis rotundato- 

spathulatis ternis, cyma subtristachya, floribus sessilibus 

octandris. Pursh FL Am. Sept. 1. p. 324. 
Sedum ternatum ; (pumilum repens) foliis planis rotundato- 

spathttlatis ternis, cyma subtristachya, floribus albidis. 

Michaux Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1. p. 217. Persoon Sj/n. 1. 

p. 512. Bot. Reg. 142. 
Sedum ternatum; foliis verticillatis obovatis integerrimis 

glabris, cyma subtristachya. Ilort. Kew. ed. alt. 3. 

p. 112. 
Sedum annuum, caule compressor foliis obverse -ovatis. 

Gron. Virg. ed. 2. p. 71. 
Sedum saxatile floribus albis, foliis succulentis subrotundis, 

caule rubente. Clayt. Herb. n. 891. 



There is a considerable affinity in this species to Sedum 
oppositifotium of this work (No. 1807), and still greater to 
Sedum stellatum. In all of these the flowers are white, and 
in the two first, at least, this colour extends to the germens. 
The leaves on the flowering stems of Sedum ternatum, fre- 
quently, but not always, grow by threes, sometimes they are 
alternate, and now and then opposite ; but the most remark- 
able character is that of its dropping a fifth of all the parts of 

the 



the flower, having only four segments to the calyx, the same 
number of petals and germens, and eight stamens. 

It was this circumstance that induced the late Mr. Curtis 
to give it the name of deficiens, under which appellation it 
entered the early editions of Donn's Hortus Cantabrigiensis. 

It is a native of North-America, is perfectly hardy, and 
well suited to adorn rock-work ; and when in blossom, the 
bright orange colour of the anthers when bursting, contrasted 
with the white flowers, gives it a lively appearance. Is easily 
propagated by its creeping shoots. Flowers with us, as in 
America, in May and June. 

Communicated by N. S. Hodson, Esq. late of the War- 
Oflice, but now of Bury St. Edmunds, where he continues 
to prosecute his botanical pursuits with the same ardour in a 
more favourable soil. 



Jiyjs. 



fcJA' 




( 1978 ) 
Sempervivum ciliatum. Ciliated 

HOUSELEEK. 

A ^t >li A ill >'» ib >U J. il. A «l> V< nl» nb <t * tSr. 
*SJ» Ift 4* *P V *T *P *V *!• *r *l* 'V <p T» t|» «J> " «p 

C/«ss awd Order. 

DODECANDRIA DoDECAGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 9 — 12-partitus. Petala 8 — 18. Caps. 12, poly- 
spermy. 

Specific Character. 

Sempervivum ciliatum ; herbaceum, foliis radicalisms ob- 
Jongo-ovalibus acutis ciliatis utrinque maculatis : caulinis 
ligulatis, floribus corymboso-paniculatis. 



In its mode of growth this species resembles the common 
Houseleek, but its foliage and flowers are very different. 
We believe it has been hitherto unnoticed by any botanist. 
It was detected in the island of Teneriffe by the lamented 
Professor Smith,, whose ardour in the pursuit of natural 
history, induced him to accompany the late unfortunate ex- 
pedition up the Congo, in the prosecution of which, this 
excellent and enterprising botanist added to the melancholy 
list of sufferers who perished in the inhospitable climate of 
equinoctial Africa, to the irreparable loss of the science, and 
ihe unspeakable regret of his surviving botanical friends, who 
had formed the highest expectations of future advantage to 
the science, from his knowledge, learning, and well known 
energetic character. 

To Mr. Anderson, the present worthy curator of the 
Apothecaries botanical garden at Chelsea, we are indebted 
for an opportunity of adding in this number, two new species 
to the genus Sempervivum, both collected by Professor 

SflHTH 



Smith in his journey to the Canary islands, in company with 
Baron Buch, and transmitted by him to the Chelsea garden. 

Sempervivum ciliatum had this name applied to it by its 
discoverer from the remarkable border of white hairs round 
the margin of the leaves. 

Our drawing was taken in September 1817, and the same 
plant is coming into flower again at the present time, 
March 1818. 

May be readily propagated by its offsets. It should be 
kept during the winter months in the dry stove with other 
succulent plants or in a good greenhouse. 



( 1979 ) 

Othonna denticulata . Tooth-leaved 
African Rag-wort. 

frfr $ ♦ ♦ ■ ♦ ftf ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ $ $ ♦ ♦♦♦ 

C/ass cnc? Order. 
Syngenesia Polygamia necessaria. 

Generic Character. 

Recept. nudum. Pappus pilosus. Cal. 1-phyllus, mul 
tifidus. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Othonna denticulata ; foliis oblongis denticulatis glabris basi 

attenuatis amplexicaulibus, floribus paniculatis. Willd. 

Sp. PL 3. p. 2376. Hort. Ken. ed, J. 3. p. 216. ed. 

alt. 5. p. 177. Persoon Syn. 2. p. 496. Mart. Mill. 

Diet. 3. 
Othonna denticulata ; foliis oblongis glabris dentatis, pani- 

cula terminali. Thunb. Prodr. 167. 



The first description of this species was given by the late 
Dr. Solander in Aiton's Hortus Kewensis, from whence it 
has been adopted in the systematic works of Willdenow 
and Persoon ; but we believe no figure of it has been before 
published. 

In some examples the leaves are more elongated towards 
the base than in our drawing, and in others are scarcely 
narrowed at all. 

In our plant many of the upper leaves were quite entire, 
without any denticulation whatever, but in some instances, 
even the bractes are dentate. 

A small greenhouse shrub ; native of the Cape of Good 
Hope, whence it was introduced into the Kew garden in 
1774, and we believe has been preserved in a few collections 
from that time. Flowers from April to July. Propagated 
by cuttings. Communicated by Messrs. Whitley, Bra me.- 
and Milne, of the Fulham Nursery. 



%7#- 





Jfyeo. 



4 






inh. Ij. S . Cu Hit . Wnbrn i 



( 1980 ) 

Sempervivum Smithii* Hispid-stemmei* 
houseleek. 

Class and Order. 

DODECANDRIA DoDECAGYNIAv 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 9 — 12-partitus. Petala 8 — 18. Caps. 12, poly- 
spermy. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Sempervivum Smithii ; caule frutescente foliis obovatis 
acuminatis piano- con vexis subtus maculatis hispido, 
ramis floriferis confertifloris apice revolutis. 



A small deciduous shrub with very divaricate branches, 
extremely prolific in blossoms, which are yellow, have usually 
twelve petals, eighteen stamens, and twelve pistils. The 
leaves are spotted on the underside only, and. when these fall 
off, there remains along- the lower edg-e of the cicatrices a 
row of stiff hairs. After the falling of the leaves the hairiness 
increases and the stem becomes generally hispid. 

Sempervivum Smithii was detected at the same time as 
ciliatum, by Professor Smith, in the island of Teneriffe, 
and flowered under the care of Mr. Anderson last September, 
in the Chelsea garden. 

The Professor did not send any specific name with it, we 
have therefore thought it a duty incumbent on us, to give to 
it that of the discoverer ; believing that no one will, in this 
case, object to applying the name of a botanist even to a 
species, especially when the generic name of Smithia is al- 
ready and most worthily preoccupied ; thus leaving no other 
way of giving the cc unicum botanicorum pr&mium" so 
well due to this martyr to the science, as Linnaeus has styled 
such as have unfortunately perished in the pursuit of their 
favourite study. 

Requires to be protected from frost and damp by the dry 
stove or a good greenhouse. 



Fl&61. 




( 1981 ) 

Calendula Tragus, j3. White-flowered 
Bending-stalked Marigold. 

4MMHMHHMHMM^#-#+-4H|t 

Class and Order. 
Syngenesia Polygamia necessaria. 

Generic Character. 

Recept. nudum. Pappus 0. Cal. polyphyllus, aequalis, 
Sem. disci niembranacea. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Calendula Tragus ; foliis linearibus subdenticulatis subtus 
muricato-punctatis, seminibus suborbiculatis caule suf- 
fruticoso. Willd. Sp. PI. 3. p. 2345. Hort. Kew. ed. 
alt. 5. p. 168. 

Calendula Tragus ; foliis alternis linearibus subintegerrimis 
pilosiusculis, seminibus suborbiculatis. Hort. Kew. ed. 
I. 3. p. 271. 

(«.) foliis angustioribus subintegerrimis, corolla radii* 
intus luteis. 

Calendula Tragus. Bot. Mag. 408. 

(|3.) foliis spathulato-linearibus dentato-sinuatis acutis, co- 
rolla? radiis intus niveis extus pilosis. 

Calendula Tragus ; foliis sublinearibus denticulaf is et inte- 
gerrimis subtus muricatulis, seminibus suborbiculatis, 
caulibus ramosis suffruticosis. Jacq. Hort. Schoenbr. 2. 
p. 14. t. 153. 

(y.) foliis glaucis integerrimis, corolla radiis utrinque au~ 
rantiacis. 

Calendula Tragus, |3. Persoon Syn. 2. p. 492. Hort. 
Kew. ed. alt. 5. p. 168. Bot. Reg. 28. 

Calendula Uaccida. Venten. Malm. 20. 



It is very probable that the above three presumed varie- 
tie* are, in reality, so many distinct species : the last, the 

Calendula 



Calendula fiaccida of Ventenat differs decidedly in the. 
glaucous colour and quite entire shape of the leaves, as well 
as in the rays of the flower, being of a dee}) orange colour on 
both sides. The variety («,.) figured in this work (No. 408) 
is the one described in the 1st edition of Aiton's Hortus 
Kewensis. 

Jacquin has given, under the same name, a variety very 
nearly resembling our present plant, except that the under 
side of the rays is represented to be red, which in our plant 
was of a bronze colour. 

This is a very handsome flower, especially when nearly, 
but not fully, expanded, at which period both sides of the 
flower come into view. Whilst under our draughtsman's eye 
it began to open at seven o'clock in the morning, was at its 
fullest expansion at one, and closed again at three in the 
afternoon, and observed the same hours the following day ; 
the sun not appearing the whole time. 

A greenhouse shrub. Native of the Cape of Good-Hope. 
Propagated by cuttings or by seed. Communicated by Mr. 
William Kent, from his very curious collection of exotics, 
at Clapton. 



( 1982 ) 
SOLANUM SEAFORTHIANUM. LORD SeAFORTh's 

Nightshade, 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. rotata. Anthera subcoalitar, apice poro gemino de- 
hiscentes. Bacca 2-locularis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Solanum Seaforthianum ; inerme, caule fruticoso scandente, 
foliis ternatis simplicibus lanceolato-ovatis acuminatis 
undulatis, racemis paniculatis : pedicellis incurvis. 

Solanum Seaforthianum. Bot. Repos. 504. Hort. Kew. 
Epit. inter addenda. 

Solanum Seaforthianum ; caule scandente herbaceo, foliis 
pinnatisectis undulatis, supejioribus simplicibus lanceo- 
latis, racemis axillaribus cymoso-paniculatis interdum 
petiolis longioribus. Dunal Solan. Syn. 7. 



A climbing shrub, cultivated in the stoves or in a good 
conservatory, in which last, though supposed to be a native 
of the West-Indies, it is said to thrive best. The flowers 
are produced in long racemes, which are generally pendent. 
The flowers are quite regular, of a pale rose or flesh colour, 
with a remarkable small calyx, almost imperceptibly, 5- 
toothed ; pedicles divaricate and incurved ; the stamens are 
not perfectly equal, one of the filaments being somewhat 
longer than the rest ; style longer than stamens ; stigma 
acute. 

Its native country is not certainly known, for though 

introduced in 1804 by the late Lord Sea forth from the 

' West- 



West-Indies, it may have been originally from the continent 
of South -America. We believe it was first cultivated in this 
country by our friend A. B. Lambert, Esq. at Boyton. 

Flowers from July to October. 

Communicated by Mr. William Kent, of Clapton, to 
whose liberality we have been frequently indebted for speci- 
mens of rare and beautiful plants. 



Jl983. 




( 1983 ) 

PASSI FLORA ANGUSTIFOLIA. NaRROW-LEAYED 

Passion-flower. 



/ 



Class and Order. 

MoNA DELPHI A PENTANDRIA, 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-partitus, coloratus. Cor. 5-petala, calyci inserta. 
Nectar, corona filamentosa. Pepo pedicellata. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Passiflora angustifolia ; foliis inferioribus trilobatis acumi- 
natis : superioribus indivisis lanceolatis, petiolis biglan- 
dulosis, floribus apetalis. Willd. Sp. PL 3. p. 616. 
Hort. Kew. ed. alt. % p. 151. 

Passiflora angustifolia ; foliis inferioribus trilobis, superi- 
oribus indivisis subcordatis lanceolatis, petiolis biglandu- 
losis, floribus solitariis. Swartz Prodr. 97. Fl. hid. 
occid. 2. p. 1 133. 

(j3.) Passiflora heterophylla ; foliis indivisis lineari-oblongis 
trilobisque glabris integerrimis, petiolis biglandulosis. 
Hort. Kew. ed. I. 3. p. 309. Miss Lawrence's Passion 
Flower. 

Passiflora heterophylla ; foliis peltatis indivisis lobatisque, 
petiolis biglandulosis. Jacq. Hort. Schoenbr. 2. p. 28. 
t. 181. 

Passiflora longifolia; foliis inferioribus semitrifidis acutis, 
superioribus integris lanceolatis longissimis. Lam. 
Encycl. 3. p. 39. Cavan. Diss. 10. p. 446. t. 270. 



Our plant and the heterophylla of the first edition of Aiton's 
Hortus Kewensis, as figured by JacQuiN and Miss Lawrence, 
and the longifolia of Lamarck, may, we believe, be certainly 
considered as mere varieties : and, it is indeed probable, that 

subcrosa, 



suberosa, minima, and both varieties of angustifolia are too 
nearly akin to be considered as distinct species ; for although 
both flowers and fruit in suberosa are much larger, yet they 
are otherwise very similar. The fruit in all is spotted while 
green, and deep violet coloured when ripe. The difference 
in the form of the foliage, though very remarkable at the 
extremes, yet approximates by intermediate varieties. 

Native of the West-Indies. Cultivated in the stove ; where 
it flowers most part of the summer, and ripens its fruit freely, 
in which its beauty chiefly consists. Introduced about the 
year 1773. 

Communicated by the Comtesse De Vandes, from her 
magnificent collection of curious exotics at Bay es -Water. 




Jl984. 



( 1984 ) 

* 
Erica sulphurea. Sulphur-coloured 

Heath. 
#♦♦»»♦ 5^ ♦♦>.♦♦♦♦♦♦ 

Class and Order. 

OCTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 4-phylIus. Cor. persistens : limbo quadrifido. An- 
therce ante anthesin per foramina duo lateralia connexae. Caps. 
4 — 8-locularis, 4 — 8-valvis. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Sect. II. LongiflorvE. C. Antheris muticis. 

Erica sulphurea ; bmcteis calyci proximis, corollis hirsutis 
solitariis, laciniis obtusis revolutis, antheris inclusis, 
foliis quaternis hirsutis. 

Erica sulphurea. Lodd. Catal. p. 15. 



This species is of late introduction from the Cape of Good- 
Hope, and is not found in the last edition of the Hortus 
Kewensis. Was sent to us by Messrs. Loddiges and Sons in 
May 1816. 

It should be placed between sordida and fiammea, with 
both of which it agrees in many respects, but differs from 
the former in having rarely more than one flower at the ex- 
tremity of each branch ; in the corolla being less densely and 
more strongly haired ; laciniae shorter, more obtuse, and less 
revolute ; in the anthers not being protruded beyond the tube 
of the corolla, as well as in colour : from the latter in its soli- 
tary flowers, much more hairy ; in its wider, more obtuse 
and hairy calyxes and leaves ; in the colour of the corolla 
being more intense at the limb and paler towards the base, 
which in fiamnlea is more intense at the base and is lost in 
the limb. 

Propagated by cuttings, and requires a similar treatment 
to the other Cape species. 



Fl.93l 




■ 



( 1985 ) 

Gnaphalium apiculatum. New-Holland 
Everlasting. 

Class and Order. 

Syngenesia Pol yg a mia Superflua. 

Generic Character, 

Recept. nudum. Pappus pilosus, s. plumosus. Cal. imbri- 
catus : squamis marginalibus rotundatis, scariosis, coloratis* 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 
*** Herbacea, Chrysocoma. 

Gnaphalium apiculatum ; foliis subspathulatis utrinque to- 
mentosis mucronulatis, floribus paniculatis, calycinis 
squamis ciliatis, pappo apice plumoso. 

Gnaphalium apiculatum; herbaceum foliis subspathulatis 
tomentosis apice nudis membranaceis subulatisve > flori- 
bus paniculatis, calycinis squamis ciliatis. Labillard. 
Nov. Holl. 2. p. 43. t. 188. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 5. p. 
15. Persoon Syn. 2. p. 418. Bot. Reg. 240. 



This is a very beautiful species of Everlasting from the 
brilliancy of its golden coloured flowers. The leaves are 
covered with a white cottony pubescence on both sides, which, 
in the old leaves, sometimes disappears on the upper surface ; 
the point of the leaf is terminated with a tawny, innocuous 
mucro, sometimes elongated, but generally short, and often 
not seen in the older leaves : it seems to be a continuation of 
the membranous portion of the leaf, denuded of its pubes- 
cence. It is this we suppose that afforded to Labillardiere 
the name of apiculatum. This species deviates from the 
character of the genus in having the outer scales of the calyx 

acute, 



acute., not rounded at the point. Pappus feathered towards 
the summit. Flowers in some specimens grow crowded 
together, in others they are spread out on unequal peduncles, 
in some again they grow in a spreading panicle. 

A greenhouse herbaceous perennial, by no means tender. 
Native of Van Diemen's Island. Introduced in 1804 by 
Col. William Patterson. Flowers most part of the year. 

Our drawing was taken from a plant communicated by 
N. S. Hodson, Esq. Communicated also by Messrs. Chandler 
and Buckingham, of the Vauxhall Nursery ; and by Mr. 
Knight, from the Exotic Nursery, King's Road. 



Tl986. 




( 1986 ) 

Pelargonium lobatum, ol. sphondylifolium. 
Cow-Parsnip-leaved Cranesbill. 

Class and Order. 

MONADELPHIA PeNTANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. 5-partitus : lacinia suprema desinente in tubulum capil- 
larem, nectariferum, secus pedunculum decurrentem. Cor. 
5-petaIa, irregularis. Filam. 10, ina?qualia, quorum 3 — 6 
castrata. Ariili b, monospermy aristati, ad basin receptaculi 
rostrati : aristis spiralibus introrsura barbatis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 
** Subacaulia radice tuberosa. 

Pelargonium lobatum ; umbellis compositis, foliis tomento- 
sis simplicibus ternatis quinatisve lobatis sinuatis crenatis 
subtus mollissimis. 

Pelargonium lobatum ; acaule, umbella composita, foliis 
subtus tomentosis simplicibus cordatis, ternatis, quina- 
tisque : foliolis lobatis sinuatis dentatis. Willd. Sp. PL 
3. p. 650. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 4. p. 165. 

Pelargonium lobatum ; acaule, umbellis compositis, foliis 
ternatis quinatisve lobatis tomentosis. Hort. Kew. ed. 
I 2. p. 418. 

Geranium lobatum. «. Sp. PL 950. 

Geranium lobatum ; radice tuberosa, foliis ternatis crassis 
magnis tomentosis, scapis radicalibus divisis umbelliferis. 
Cavan. Diss 4. p. 250. t. 114. / 2. 

Geranium calycibus monophyllis, tubis longissimis subsessi- 
libus, radice subrotunda, foliis lobatis crenatis hirsutis. 
Burm. Geran. 58. 

Geranium africanum noctu olens tuberosum vitis foliis hirsu- 
tis. Commel. Hort. 2. p. t. 123. t. 62. fig. bona 

The leaves of Pelargonium lobatum vary exceedingly in 
form, being simple cordate, tcrnate, or even quinate ; they 

are 



are the largest of any in the whole genus, easily torn, hairy, 
on the under surface very soft and whitish. In the flowers 
we examined, there were regularly 5 fertile stamens, alter- 
nating with 5 shorter barren filaments, and besides these a 
larger, spathula-shaped, stamen-like organ, which we have 
not observed in any other species. The flowers resemble 
those of Pelargonium triste, and like them are sweet-scented 
at night, and scentless during the day. 

Messrs. Loddiges have a smaller variety, in which the 
leaves are not so undulated, less hairy, and more regularly 
three-lobed. In this the flowers are still darker coloured. 

Native of the Cape of Good-Hope ; from whence the roots 
were imported into Holland in 1698, and it was cultivated in 
England in 1710. Yet it is still among the rarest species of 
this numerous tribe. 

We have been twice favoured with a root of this plant from 
the Rev. S. T. Wylde, of Burrington, near Bristol, one of 
which flowered in May 1817. 

It must be treated as one of the more tender Cape Gera- 
niums. Is not very readily increased by the tuberous root, 
and does not seem to ripen its seed freely ; so that it is likely 
to continue a scarce plant. 



11981. 




( 1987 ) 

Gnaphalium fcetidum. Strong-scented 
Everlasting. 

Class and Order. 

SYNGENESIA POLYGAMIA SUPERrLUA. 

Generic Character. 

Recept. nudum. Pappus pilosus s. plumosus. Col. imbri- 
catus : squamis marginalibus rotundatis, scariosis, coloratis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

**** Herbacea, Argyrocoma. 

Gnaphalium fcetidum; foliis amplexicaulibus integerrimis 

acutis subtus tomentosis, caule ramoso. Sp. PL 1197. 

Willd. Sp. PI. 3. p. 1875. Hort. Kcw. ed. alt. 5. p. \6. 

Kniph. Cent. 2. n. 28. Berg. Cap. 246. 
Gnaphalium fcetidum; foliis amplexicaulibus lanceolatis acu- 
tis subtus tomentosis, floribus paniculatis caule erecto 

herbaceo. Thunb. Prodr. 150. 
Gnaphalium africanum Iatifolium fcetidum, capitulo aureo ct 

argenteo. Commel. Hort. 2. p. 111. t. 56. 
Gnaphalium africanum fcetidum Iatifolium maximum, flore 

argenteo. Volk. Norimb. 194. cum icone. ' 
Conyza africana graveolens, capitulis argenteis. Pluh. Aim. 

117. t.243.f. I. 
Conyza Helichrysoides capitulo argenteo africana. Moris. 

Hist. 3. p. 115. §. 7. t. 20. Jig. ult. 
Elichrysum africanum fcetidissimum, amplissimo folio. 

Tourn. Inst. 454. 
Helichrysum africanum, foliis latis ad basin, in longum mu- 

cronem productis, floribus in fasciculum congestis splen- 

dentibus, luteis. Raj. Suppl. 170. 



The very disagreeable scent of this plant prevents its being 
esteemed as much as it would merit from the beauty of its 

flowers. 



flowers. It varies with silvery and yellow calycine scales, 
but the florets in all are yellow. Like the species described 
above, tlje flowers are sometimes crowded together into a close 
capitulum, and at other times expanded into a more or less 
spreading panicle. 

A hardy annual or biennial. Native of the Cape of Good- 
Hope. Flowers from June to September. Propagated by 
seeds, which, if sown in the spring, will flower the same 
year. An old inhabitant of our gardens, being cultivated in 
1692 by Mr. George London, of Brompton. 

Communicated by John Walker, Esq. Arno's Grove, 



( 1988 ) 

Trollius americanus. American Globe- 
Flower. 

Class and Older. 

POLYANDRIA PoLYGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 0. Petala 5 — 15. Caps, plurimse, ovatas, poly- 
spermy. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Trollius americanus ; petalis obtusis patulis, nectariis 

staminibus brevioribus. 
Trollius americanus; sepalis 5 — 10 patentibus, petalis 

10 — 15 staminibus brevioribus. Decand. Veget. Sust. 

Nat. 1. p. 313. 
Trollius americanus. Muhlenb. et Gaissenh. ined. ex. 

Decand. Donn. Hort. Cant. ed. 4 — 6. 
Trollius laxus ; Petala incurvo-horizontalia, retusa, crispu- 

la. Nectaria parum ultra stamina. Salisb. in Tr. Lin. 

Soc. 8. p. 303. 
Trollius laxus ; petalis 5 obtusis patulis, nectariis stamini- 
bus brevioribus. Pursk Flor. Am. Sept. 391. 
Geissenia verna. Rafin. Schm. in journ. bot. 1808. v, 2. 

p. 168. ex Decand. 



To the young botanist, who has only attended to the Lin- 
nean system, the descriptions in the different synonyms may 
appear at first sight to be rather difficult to reconcile, because 
Jussieu and his followers consider the petals of Linnaeus as 
calycine leaflets and the nectaria as petals. 

The natural number of petals in this species appears to be 
five, of which number the outer series always consists, and it 
is said, that in its spontaneous growth, there are seldom 

more: 



more ; even in cultivation., in some of the flowers, the petals 
are limited to that number. The American Trollius does 
not well accord with the name of Globe-Flower, the petals 
being spreading, and very little incurved. 

A hardy perennial. Native of Pensylvania and New- York, 
growing in shady wet places on the mountains. Flowers in 
May and June. Propagated by parting its roots. Commu- 
nicated by Messrs. Whitley, Brame, and Milne, of the 
Fulham Nursery. 




fob.iy.f ■ farue. W*lMirth,..T<-uu...i8^S. 






( 1989 ) 

Passiflora edulis. Purple-fruited 
Passion-flower . 

Class and Order. 

MoNADELPHlA PeNTANDRIA. 

(Gynandria Pentandria. L.) 
Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-partitus, coloratus. Cor. 5-petala, calyci inserta. 
Nect. corona filamentosa. Pepo pedicellata. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Passiflora edulis; foliis trilobis serratis glabris, petiolis 
biglandulosis, involucro triphyllo glanduloso-serrulato 
caduco, corona corollam subaequante, genuine nudo. 

Passiflora incarnata. (3. Bot. Regist. 152. 

Purple - fruited Passion - flower. Sabine in Trans. 
Horticult. Soc. cumicone. 



This plant, which is comparatively of late introduction into 
this country, is indeed very nearly related to the incarnata 
of Linn^us, introduced from Virginia in the time of Parkin- 
son ; but we are inclined to consider it as a distinct species, 
although for want of an opportunity of comparing both plants 
together in a living state, it may not be possible to decide the 
question with certainty. 

From an examination of several dried specimens of the 
Virginian incarnata and comparing them with our plant, 
the following differences have been observed ; in incar- 
nata the germen is villous, which in edulis is naked, the 
leaves of the former are pubescent along the ribs, particu- 
larly in their young state, in the latter they are void of all 
pubescence ; the glands on the leaves of incarnata are for the 

most 



most part situate at the junction of the lateral with the central 
nerves, and therefore rather on the base of the lamina of the 
leaf, than on its footstalk, as in edulis, in which they are 
quite distinct from the lamina. There seem, however, to be 
some slight deviations from this character. The above dis- 
tinguishing marks were first pointed out to us by Mr. Robert 
Brown, and the same observations are made by Mr. Sabine 
in the volume of the transactions of the Horticultural society 
now in the press. 

These characters added to the difference in the colour of 
the fruit, which, when ripe, is a greenish yellow in incarnata, 
and a lurid purple in edulis, together with the herbaceous 
annual stem of the former, which in the latter is woody 
and permanent, may be thought sufficent to establish a spe- 
cific distinction between them, But, as far as the figures of 
incarnata can be trusted to, there appears also a considerable 
difference in the leaves of the involucrum, which are not, as 
in edulis, uniformly serrated, with a gland at the point of 
each tooth ; but have only a very few large globular glands 
along their margin. 

The corona in incarnata is described and represented as 
somewhat longer than the calyx, which in edulis is shorter. 

The Purple-fruited Passion-flower, as we are informed by 
Mr. Sabine, was raised about eight years since from seeds 
received from Portugal, by Edmund Boehm, Esq. by whom 
it was very generously distributed, and being easily propaga- 
ted both by seeds and cuttings, is already not uncommon. 

The fruit of several other species of Passion-flower is 
fatable, but as this seems far to exceed in flavour any of the 
others, and is esteemed worth cultivating as a delicacy, we 
have thought it might merit the name of edulis by preference. 
Tfo our palate, however, it is too mawkish to be pleasant, 
though after it has been gathered it acquires a very grateful 
scent. 

Communicated by the Comtesse de Vandes, from her 
collection at Bay es- Water. 



TJM2 







( 1990 ) 

Cineraria parviflora. Small-flowered 
Cineraria. 

>'/., ffc *V , „ 4?-^. 4*. liifr *fr 4? *■'* 4f if ?jf alf .<fi ^!f . ^ *h 

Tjr vfS 'vjt 4* •p ^tTttt'tTTt *!• *r t» 

C/ass and Order. 
Syngenesia Polygamia Superflua. 

Generic Character. 

Recept. nudum. Pappus simplex. CaZ. simplex, poly- 
phyllus, aequalis. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Cineraria parviflora; pedunculis ramosis, foliis cordatis 
quinquelobis dentatis lanuginosis, petiolis appendiculatis, 
corollas radio tri-(quinque-)floro. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 
5. p. 72. 



Descr. A small shrubby greenhouse plant, with lively 
yellow flowers, which have a disagreeable scent; native of 
the Cape of Good-Hope. In our specimen, the rays of the 
flower were uniformly five ; in the Hortus Kewensis they are 
described as being three only. Leaves five-lobed, woolly on 
both sides, white underneath, with two appendixes on the 
foot-stalk, sometimes about the middle, at others at the base. 
Anthers in the florets of the disk but little exserted. Stigmas 
large and revolute. 

Flowers most part of the summer. Communicated by N. 
S. Hodson, Esq. now of Bury St. Edmonds. 



Mm. 




( 1991 ) 

Jasminum hirsutum. Hairy Indian 
Jasmine. 

Class and Order. 

DlANDRJA MONOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. hvpocrateriformis, 5 — 8-fida. Bacca dicocca. Se- 
mina solitaria, arillata. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Jasminum hirsutum ; foliis oppositis ovatis cordatisve ramis- 
que hirsutis, foliolis calycinis linearibus hirsutis. Exot. 
Bot. 2. p. 117. t. 113. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 1. p. 16. 

Jasminum hirsutum ; petiolis pedunculisque villosis. Willd. 
Sp. PL 1. p. 4. exclusis synonymis Rheedir, Raii, et 
forte Osbeckii. 

Jasminum hirsutum ; foliis numerosis, cordatis,, utrinque 
villosis^ lucidis, ramis petiolis bracteis calycibusque hir- 
sutis ; inflorescentia umbellato-aggregata, pedunculis 
brevissimis., subtrichotomis. Bot. Regist. 15. 

Jasminum multiflorum. Bot. Repos. 496. 

Jasminum pubescens ; foliis cordatis utrinque pubescentibus., 
ramis hirsutis. Vahl Enum. 1. p. 26. 

Jasminum pubescens; foliis oppositis ovatis cordatis utrinque 
pubescentibus. Willd. Sp. PL 1. p. 37. 

Nyctanthes pubescens ; ramis teretibus hirsutis foliis corda- 
tis utrinque pubescentibus. Retz. Obs. fasc. 5. p. 9. 

Nyctanthes hirsuta. Sp. PL 8. Excluso synonymo. Syst. 
Veg. 56. 

Nyctanthes multiflora ; pedunculis multifloris terminalibus, 
foliis ovatis. Burm. Ind. p. 5. t. 3. f. 11. Excluso 
synonymo Rheedii. 



The Jasminum hirsutum is a very beautiful shrub, with 
fragrant flowers. The degree of pubescence varies very 

much 



much according to the age ; the leaves especially being much 
more hairy while young than in adult plants. 

Our friend, Sir James Edward Smith, first rectified the 
synonymy of this species ; and settled that of Burmann from 
a specimen of his own ; otherwise we should have been in- 
clined to doubt his plant being intended for this species, not 
only from his describing the leaves as smooth, btit also from 
the length of the tube of the corolla, which he describes as 
being twice that of the calyx, and his figure represents it as 
still longer ; whereas in our plant it only equals the segments 
of the calyx. Vahl refers Burmann's plant to undulatum, a 
nearly allied species ; but this author had doubts of the ex- 
istence of hirsutum, and in this he was right, if it were to 
be considered as distinct from pubescens, which he adopted 

from Retzius ; the name of hirsutus however having the 

right of priority supersedes that of pubescens. 

Native of China and the East-Indies. Introduced latterly 

by Or Roxburgh, who sent it to Lady Amelia Hume, but 

is said to have been cultivated by Philip Miller in 1759. 

Flowers most part of the summer. Propagated by cuttings. 

Requires to be kept in the stove. Communicated by John 

Walker, Esq. of Arno's- Grove, Southgate. 



Il99Z. 







( 1992 ) 

OXYANTHUS SPECIOSUS. TUBE-FLOWERBD 
OXYANTHUS. 

Class and Order. 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. tubus longissimus. Antherce in fauce sessiles. Stig- 
ma simplex. Fruct. inferus, bilocularis, polyspermus. 

Specific Name and Synonyms. 

Oxyanthus speciosus. Decand. in Annal. du Mus. 9. p. 218. 

Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 1. p. 371. 
Gardenia tubiflora. Bot. Repos. 183. 



This fine evergreen shrub, so remarkable for the uncom- 
mon length of the tube of the corolla, is nearly related to 
Gardenia, to which genus it was referred by those experi- 
enced cultivators, Messrs. Lee and Kennedy, who first in- 
troduced it from Sierra Leone, in 1789. The acute and 
learned botanist, Decandolle, established it as a distinct 
genus in the 9th volume of the Annates du Museum d'Histoire 
naturelle. Flowers in July and August. Communicated by 
Mr. Aiton, from the Royal Garden at Kew. 




M 



39 & 



( 1993 ) 

Leucojum vernum, /3. Carpathian Spring 
Snow-flake. 

♦ i t $ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ MjM i ♦ ♦♦ ♦ 

C/ass awd Order. 

Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. campaniibrmis, sexpartita, apicibus incrassata. Stig- 
ma simplex. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Leucojum vernum; spatha uniflora, stylo clavato. Willd. 

Sp. PI. 2. p. 30. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 2. p. 211. Mart. 

Mill. Diet. n. 1. Jacq. Austr. v. 4. p. 6. t. 312. Knorr 

Detic. 1. t. s. 15. n. 1. Scop. earn. n. 392. Villars 

Dauph. 2. p. 247. Krock. Siles. n. 498. Hot. Mag. 

supra t. 46. 
Galanthus vermis. Allioni Ped. n. 1865. 
Galanthus uniflorus., petalis subaequalibus. Hall. Hist. n. 

1253. 
Leucojum bulbosum vulgare. Bauh. Pin. 55. Rudb. 

Elys. 2. p. 95. f. I. 
Leucojum bulbosum. Clus. Pan. 179. -Hist. 1. p. 168. 
Lucoium bulbosum hexaphy lion. Dodon. Co ron. 202. -pempt. 

230. Weinm. Phyt. t. 642. a. 
Narcissus VII. Matthioli. Cam. Epit. 957. Jig. opt. 
(a.) spatha unifiora, corolla apicibus viridibus. Supra 

t. 46. 
(j3.) spatha bijlora, corolla apicibus luteis. Heic, n. 1993. 



This fine variety of Leucojum vernum, differs from the 
one before figured (No. 46) not only in its two-flowered 

spathe, 



spathe, but also in the colour of the spots at the apex of the 
lacinife of the corolla, which in our plant are yellow ; in the 
one-flowered variety always green. 

Communicated in March last by Messrs. Whitley, Brame, 
and Milne, who received bulbs of this plant, with several 
other rarities, from a friend that collected them in the 
Carpathian mountains. 



Jim. 




( 1994 ) 
Anemone patens, ft. ochroleuca. Pale 

SPREADING- FLOWERED PASQE- FLOWER. 

4h|h|hMhH» *4-*hMh|h!i-* # 
Class and Order. 

POLYANDRIA PoLYGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 
Cal. 0. Petala 6 — 9. Semina plura. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 
** Pulsatilla pedunculo involucrato. 

Anemone patens ; foliis peltato-palmatis multifidis : lobis sub- 

trifidis, flore erecto patente subtus hirsuto. 
Anemone patens ; pedunculo involucrato, foliis digitatis 

multifidis. Sp. PI. 759. WiUd. 2. p. 1272. Gmel. 

Sib. 4. p. 195. 
(a.) foliis hysterantheis, flore violaceo. 
Anemone patens ; foliis pinnati-sectis hysterantheis, seg- 

mentis tripartitis, lobis apice dentato-incisis, flore erecto 

patente. Decand. Syst. Veg. Nat. 191. 
Pulsatilla polyanthos violacea anemones folio. Breyn. 

Cent. p. 132. t.6\. et 134. 
(p.) foliis isochronis, flore ochreleuco. 
Pulsatilla anemones folio dissecto lanuginoso, flore roajore 

dilute luteo patente. Amm. Rush. 104. 



De Candolle has observed, that it is not improbable but 
that several distinct species have been confounded under the 
name of patens. 

Our plant differs from Breynius's figure chiefly in colour, 
and in having its leaves at the same time with the flower, for 
the degree of pubescence, which is so subject to vary under 

cultivation, 



cultivation, is a character of small account. We think how- 
ever that they may be really distinct, and that the white- 
flowered variety, native of Poland, which is described as 
having the scape shorter than the leaves, is probably distinct 
from both. 

Our plant is a native of Siberia. A hardy perennial. 
Flowers in March. Communicated by Messrs. Loddiges and 
Sons several years ago. 



( 1995 ) 

FLemanthus multiflorus. Sierra Leone 
Blood-Flower. 

•JMhMI- ♦♦♦# ♦ ' ♦♦ ♦ ♦ ■ ♦ ' *■ # fc% -3JE- 

Class and Order. 

Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Involucrum polyphyllum, multiflorum. Cor. 6-partita, su- 
pera. Bacca 3-locularis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

ILemanthus multiflorus; foliis elliptico-lanceolatis, erectis, 
spatha reflexa, umbella globosa, staminibus divaricatis 
adscendentibus. 

ILemanthus multiflorus; foliis tribus ovato-lanceolatis acu- 
minatis carinatis undulatis erectis, umbella congesta 
globosa, petalis patentibus. Martyn $ Nodder, single 
plate. Mart. Mill. Diet. n. 8. Bot. Mag. supra. 961. 

HjEmanthus multiflorus ; foliis elliptico-Janceolatis acutis 
concavis erectis, umbella multiflora involucro longiore^ 
pedunculis articulatis, limbo patulo, staminibus adscen- 
dentibus. IVilld. Sp. PL 2. p. 25. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 
I. p. 207. 

Hyacintho affinis africana, caule maculato. Seba Mus. 1. 
p. 20. t. 12. / 1, % 3. 

Satyrium e Guinea. Vallet Hort. t. 33. Swert. Floril t 
62. / 3. De Bry Floril. t. 44. Moris. Hist. s. 12. t, 
12. / 11. Rudb. Elys. 2. t. 210. / 3. 



We have before given a figure of this HtEmanthus, (No. 
961.) but drawn from so weak a specimen that it gives but 
an imperfect idea of this very brilliant flower, which, when it 

blossoms 



blossoms freely, is one of the brightest ornaments of our stoves. 
We have therefore thought our subscribers would pardon 
our giving a second representation, doing more justice to 
the subject. 

In our former account of this species, we remarked the 
great difference that existed between this plant and the Cape 
species, and Mr. Ker, who has paid so much attention 
to this natural order, suspected at No. 1075, that it perhaps 
more properly belonged to Crinum, but having afterwards 
seen that its seed-vessel was a real berry, this gentleman 
retracted that opinion at No. 1315, where he allows it to be 
a genuine species of Hjemanthus. 

Our drawing was made several years ago at Messrs. Lee 
and Kennedy's. 



Il996. 




( 1996 ) 

RUDBECKIA FULGIDA. SiMALL HAIRY 
RUDBECKIA. 

» » t » » » $» ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ M t ♦ ♦ ft ♦ 

CVflss and Order. 

SvNGENESIA PoLYGAMIA FrUSTRANEA. 

Generic Character. 

Receptaculum paleaceum, conicum. Pappus margine 
4-dentato. Cat. duplici ordine squatnarum. 

Specijic Character and Synonyms. 

Rudbeckia fulgida ; foliis oblongo Ianceolatis denticulatis 
hispidis basi angustatis subcordatis, receptaculo hemi- 
sphaerico, paleis Ianceolatis. Hort. Kew. ed. I. 3. p 251 
— ed. alt. 5 p. 131. Willd. Sp. PL 3. p. 2248. Persoon 
Syn. 2. p. 477. 

Rudbeckia fulgida ; caule hispido, ramis virgatim elongatis 
unifloris, foliis oblongo-lanceolatis denticulatis hispidis 
basi angustatis subcordatis, calyce foliaceo radium 
subaequante, disco hemisphserico, paleis Ianceolatis. 
Pursh Fl. Am. Sept. 574. 

Rudbeckia Chrysomela ; caule hispido, ramis virgatim elon- 
gatis unifloris, foliis alternis sessilibus ovato-lanceolatis 
utrinque hispidulis, calyce foliaceo radios saturate aureos 
subsequante, disco hemispha3rico atro-purpureo. Mi 
chaux Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2. p. 143. 



This species of Rudbeckia is tall and much branched, the 
leaves slightly denticulate or often quite entire. The flowers 
are much smaller than some other kinds, but are lively, the 
rays being of a bright orange, and the disk of a dark purple 
colour. 

A hardy perennial. Native of North America. Introduced 
by Mr. Lee of Hammersmith in the year 1760. Not uncom- 
mon in our gardens, but we do not know that any figure of it 
has ever been published 



Xt99T. 




( 1997 ) 

SlLENE SUPINA (x.) NARROW-LEAVED 

Procumbent Catciifly. 

♦ ♦ »♦♦ fc $-$-$-$- k^ % * ^JhMs- ^-ejf- 

Class and Order. 

Decandria Trigynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 1-phyllus, ventricosus. Petala 5, unguiculata, Caps. 
supera, semitrilocularis, apice dehiscens, polysperma. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Silene supina ; petalis bifidis, pedunculis alternis subuni- 
floris, calycibus oblongis coloratis viscidulis, thecapodio 
bis capsula longiore. 

(*.) foliis liwaribus canaliculars canescentibus basi ciliatis. 

((3.) foliis latioribus planis viridibus. 

Silene supiiia ; petalis bifidis, calycibus alternis pedunculatis 
oblongis : dentibus acutis, foliis linearibus mucronatis 
hirtis, caulibus basi ramosis procumbentibus. Flor. taur. 
caucus 1 . p. 336. 



Descr. Stem suffruticose, procumbent, branched at the 
lower part. Branches assurgent, about a span high, white, 
woolly. Leaves linear, channelled, canescent, but scarcely hairy 
except a few ciliae at the base. Peduncles axillary, alternate, 
mostly one- sometimes two- or three-flowered. Calyx very 
long, somewhat swelling upward, viscid, ten-angled : angles 
coloured, hairy. Petals white within, greenish without: border 
divided halfway down : laciniae divaricate, rolled in at the edges 
during the day, and reflexed at night : claw margined, the 
upper part dilated into a small truncated corona. Stamens 
exserted, shorter than the petals. Styles at first included, but 
after the deflorescence of the anthers growing out longer 
than the filaments now curled up : Germen oblong ovate, 
supported on a pedicle twice or three times its own kngth. 



This very distinct species of Silene is a native of the Cau- 
casian promontory, growing on the rocks, very common about 
the Constantino-montane hot-baths. There is a variety in 
Tauria, with wider flat leaves, less hoary. 

Communicated by Mr. Joseph Knight, of the Exotic Nur- 
sery., King's Road, in June 1815. 




TJ9BB. 



( 1998 ) 

Malva amcena. Lively-flowered Cape 
Mallow. 

Class and Order. 

MONADELPHIA PoLYANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 
Cal. duplex; exterior 3-phyllus. Caps, plurimse, 1 -sperm®. 
Specific Character and Synonym. 

Malva amcena ; foliis quinquelobatis pilosis rugosis, pedun- 
culis axillaribus aggregatis foliis brevioribus, calycibus 
externis ovatis acuminatis. 

Malva amcena ; foliis planis lobatis pilosis, pilis stellatis, lobis 
divaricatis, crenis obtusis, pedunculis axillaribus subum- 
bellatis, petalis obcordatis. Soland. Mscr. apud Banks. 



Generally considered as one of the varieties of Malva ca- 
pemis, from which it differs more especially in having pedun- 
cles much shorter than the leaf, which grow two or three or 
more together from the same axilla, and in the outer calyx 
being much wider ; the flowers are likewise larger, and of a 
more brilliant colour. From comparing it with a native spe- 
cimen from the Cape, in the Banksian herbarium, supposed to 
be of the same species, it appears by cultivation to lose great 
part of its pubescence. Our plant agrees in every respect, as 
far as we can discover by a careful examination of the speci- 
men preserved in the same collection, with the one cultivated 
at Kew, from which plant the species was taken up by Dr. 
Solander, but for some reason was not inserted in Aiton's 
Hortus Kewensis. 

A Greenhouse shrub ; native of the Cape of Good Hope; 
flowers in April and May ; propagated by cuttings. Commu- 
nicated by Mr. Wm. Anderson, curator of the Apothecary's 
Botanical Garden at Chelsea. 



( 1999 ) 

SCILLA LlJSITANICA. PORTUGAL SqUIIX. 

-fr »frft 3 ft** ♦»♦»»»♦ ■* 

Class and Order. 

Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. hexapetala, patens, decidua. Filamenta filiformia, 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Scilla lusitaniea ; racemo oblongo, pedicellis flore brevio- 

ribus, foliis lato-lanceolatis undulatis distichis. 
Scilla lusitaniea ; racemo oblongo conico, petalis Hneatis 

Syst. Veg. ed. 12. p. 243. ed. 13. p. 271. ed. 14. p. 329. 

Willd. Sp. PI. 2. p. 129. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 2. p. 264. 
Hyacinthus stellaris cceruleus, staminibus e viridi luteis 

Bauh. Pin. 46. Rudb. Elys. 2. p. 34./ 4. 
Hyacinthus stellatus italicus. Hort. Eyst. ord. vern 2, ad 

Sc. lusiianicam potius quam ad italicam pertinet, et ad 

illam relata fuit a Bauhino et Rudbeckio. 



The Bulb of our plant is smooth, tunicated like the hya- 
cinth, and shews no disposition to throw out offsets. Leaves 
erect, growing distichvvise on each side of the scape, lanceo- 
late, somewhat undulate, of a full yellowish green colour ; 
outer ones two feet long, and two inches wide in the middle. 
Scape erect, rounded, bearing its flowers in a long raceme on 
very short bluish pedicles ; the colour of the petals nearly 
white, with a tinge of blue, that of the germen a saturate blue, 
of the anthers a dull purple with yellow pollen. 

The references to the figures of the old authors for Scilla 
italica, hyacinthoides and lusitaniea, seem to us to be very 
unsatisfactory, nor are the characters much less so, if the 
plants drawn in this work under these names are properly de- 
signated, of which we have no doubt. It must be acknowledged 

that 



thatour figure oihyacinthoides (No. 1 140) does not correspond 
very well with the character in Aiton's Hortus Kewensis, nor 
indeed with the specimen preserved in the Banksian herbarium, 
from which that character was drawn. It agrees, however, 
with the description by Linnaeus of that species, as adopted in 
the 12th edition of the Systema Vegetabilium, from Gouan. 

To us it appears probable, that our present plant was the 
species had in view, when the character of hyacinthoides was 
drawn up for the Hortus Kewensis, and this is confirmed by 
an inspection of the above-mentioned specimen in the Banksian 
Herbarium. 

Communicated by Robert Barclay, Esq. of Bury Hill, 
in March last, who raised it from bulbs sent from Spain, last 
year, by Dr. Shuter. It was treated as a Greenhouse plant, 
but removed for a few days into the stove at the time when 
it shewed for bloom. Cultivated in the open air, its season 
of flowering would of course be later. May is the time 
mentioned in the Hortus Kewensis, and from the same au- 
thority we learn that it was introduced by the late Dr. Gray> 
of the British Museum. 



( 2000 ) 

Zingiber Zerumbet. Broad-leaved 
Ginger. 

♦♦ # ♦ # ♦ fr ♦ $ ♦ f ♦ # ♦ ♦♦♦ ♦ 

Class a«d Order. 

MONANDRIA MoNOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Anthera duplex. Filamentum extra antheram elongatum, 
apice subulatum, sulcatum. Stylus in sulco antherae receptus. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Zingiber Zerumbet ; bracteis ovatis obtusis, laciniis corollse 

erectis acutis, nectario bilobato. Roscoe in Lin. Soc. 

Transact. 8. p. 348. Smith Exot. Bot. 2. p. 105. t. 112. 
Zingiber Zerumbet ; caule declinato, foliis approximate ses- 

silibus lanceolatis, spicis compactis strobiliformibus. 

Roxb. inAsiat. Research. 11. p. 344. 
Amomum Zerumbet. Willd. Sp. PL I. p. 6. Persoon Syn. 

1. p. 2. Jacq. Hort. Vind. 3. p. 30. t. 54. 
Amomum scapo nudo, spica oblonga obtusa. Hort. Cliff. 3. 

Mill. icon. 17. t. 26. Ehret Pict. t. 14./ 1. Murray 

nov. Comm. Goetting. v. 6. p. 26. t. 2. 
Zerumbet. Blackw. Herb. t. 402. 
Zingiber latifolium sylvestre. Herm. Hort. Lugd.p. 636. t. 

637. 
Zingiber spurium. Retz. Obs. 3. p. 60. 
Lampujum. Rumph. Amb. 5. p. 148. t. 64./ 1. 
Katou Inschi-Kua. Hort. Malab. v. 11. p. 27. *. 13. 



This species of Ginger is a native of the East-Indies, where 
it is found both wild and in gardens, but is not cultivated for 
culinary purposes, the root being bitter, and possessing a 
much weaker and less pungent aroma than the true Ginger. 

The 



The young shoots and leaves are, however, sometimes boiled 
and eaten as other potherbs, or are stewed with fish. The 
roots are pounded with other aromatics, and applied to the 
bowels for gripes, both in adults and children. 

Cultivated in the Royal Garden at Hampton-Court in the 
year 1690, and is often met with in the stoves of the cultivators 
of curious plants. It flowers at different seasohs. Commu 
nicated by Mr. Wm. Anderson, from the Apothecaries garden 
at Chelsea. 



J2C01 




( 2001 ) 

Passiflora racemosa* Princess Charlotte's 
Passion-Flower. 

» » ♦ * ft » # ; {HHHMfr-frfr.fr^fr»fr 
C7ass «wrf Order* 

MoNADELPHIA PeNTANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. 5-partitus, coloratus. Cor. 5-pctala, calyci inserta. 
Nectar, corona filamentosa. Pepo pedicellata. 

Specific Character and Synonyms* 

Passiflora racemosa ; foliis trilobatis, involucro triphyllo 
caduco, stipulis cordato-obliquis integerrimis, peduncu- 
lis geminatis, Calycibus alato-carinatis. 

Passiflora racemosa, Brotero in Lin. Soc. Trans, v. 18. 
p. 71. Bot. Regist. 285. 

Passiflora Princeps. Lodd. Bot. Cab. 84. 

■ ■ 

The Passiflora racemosa was first described by Brotero 
in the 12th volume of the Transactions of the Linneau Soci- 
ety, from plants brought from Brazil by Mr, Woodford, and 
cultivated in his garden at Lisbon. The specific name of 
racemosa was given to it from its frequently bearing its flower, 
at the pendulous extremities of the branches, in naked racemes 
without leaves, and sometimes even without stipules j but 
this is by no means a constant feature. In Messrs; Loddiges 
stove, where it thrives in the greatest luxuriance, the more 
usual state, and in which the flowers shewed to the greatest ad- 
vantage was when two flowers were produced, one on each side 
the footstalk of the leaf, and the tendril in the middle between 
them. The form of the calyx is very remarkable, being 
deeply keeled on the lower side : the keel separating from the 
upper side towards the point, and extending beyond it into 
an incurved spur-like process. Before the flower is expanded 
these keels give the buds a five-winged appearance, The 
bractes are three-leaved, close to the tube of the calyx, and 
fall off some time before the flowers open. The glands on 
the petiole seem to be far les9 constant in this than in some 
other species. It grows naturally in shady woods in a gravelly 
soil, and is said often to produce two stems from the same 
roots, one of which rapidly climbs very high, and produces 
flowers altogether without leaves, while the other, bearing 

leaves. 



leaves, either lies on the ground, or climbs and does not 
flower til! one or two years after the other has born fruit. It 
is observed to vary in the number of the glands, in the colour 
of the corolla approaching more to scarlet than crimson, and 
in the nectary being greenish within instead of blue. It may 
certainly be esteemed as a splendid acquisition to our stoves. 

The stoves, conservatories, and green-houses, belonging to 
Messrs. Loddiges and Sons, are now entirely heated by steam, 
upon a principle that is simple and perfectly safe, and there 
is little doubt but that it vviil be erelong generally adopted, 
and that the use of steam w r i!l form a new em in the history 
of hot-houses. We have been favoured with the following 
description of this very magnificent apparatus by Mr. Geohgb 
Loddiges, under whose sole superintendance the whole has 
been constructed. 

Two boilers of the same dimensions and construction as are 
used in a steam-engine of twenty horses power, fitted in the 
usual way with safety and vacuum valves, hydrostatic balance, 
steam gage, &c. containing about two thousand gallons each, 
are erected at Hackney for warming the houses. One boiler 
on'y is used at a time, the other being kept as a reserve in 
ca.se of any repairs being necessary. 

The steam from these boilers is never more than 225° of 
Fahrenheit, or 4 pounds to the square inch above the atmo- 
spheric pressure ; this is conveyed in cast iron pipes of 4 inch 
bore into the largest stove, which is 200 feet long and 22 feet 
high in the centre; this house contains about 30,560 cubic 
feet of air, which is kept in winter from 60° to 110°; the 
steam is from this conveyed westward to three other houses, 
two of cooler and one of warmer temperature ; containing 
together about 15,160 cubic feet, and eastward to a green- 
house 180 feet long, which communicates with another 492 
feet long, containing together about 45,000 cubic feet : these 
are kept in winter at an average heat of 50°. 

There is altogether half a mile of pipe, the whole of which 
is charged with steam, and the houses warmed to the farthest 
extent in about twenty minutes, ell'ectually keeping the air 
under 20,000 square feet of glass without covering, to the 
above temperatures ; producing a regular> pleasant, and highly 
advantageous atmosphere for plants ; perfectly divested of 
every sulphureous and scorching quality, which the best regu- 
lated furnaces and nicest constructed flues could never afford. 
Added to this, the tenderest stove plants are kept perfectly 
luxuriant without tan, which 1ms ever been considered a most 
troublesome and expensive artick. 



( 2002 ) 
VlNCA HERBACEA. HERBACEOUS PERIWINKLE. 

jHfcfrfrij- ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦ ##### 

Class and Order. 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Contorta. Folliculi 2, erecti. Sem. nuda. Cor. hypo- 
crateriformis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Vinca herbacea; caulibus herbaceis procumbentibus, foliis 

oblongo-lanceolatis edentulis, calycibus ciliatis. Waldst. 

Sg Kitaib. PI. rar. Hungar. 1. p. 8. t. 9. 
Vinca herbacea ; caulibus herbaceis prostratis, foliis oblopgo- 

lanceolatis margiue glabris, floribus pedunculatis, calyce 

ciliato. Willd. Enum. 274. 



This species is herbaceous, dying every winter down to the 
roots ; it grows naturally on open, sandy, and chalk hills in 
Hungary ; and a figure and description of it was first published 
in an excellent and splendid work on the rare plants of that 
country, by Count Waldstein and Dr. Kitaibel. 

Although the ciliated calyx is given as a specific character, 
it is said in the description to be subciliate, and in our speci- 
mens, if at all, they were so minutely so, that it escaped the 
observation of our draughtsman ; the leaves however are 
somewhat ciliated, not smooth at the edge, as Willdenow 
has described them. 

Communicated by our friend Alexander M'Leay, Esq. 
from his garden at Godstone, in May last. We have not 
heard of it elsewhere in this country. 




t 



KT 



-r\ 



( 2003 ) 

Blandfordia nobilis. Showy Bland 
fordia. 

Class and Order. 

IIexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. tubulosa, ore sexlobo, marcescens. Slam, tubo impo- 
sita. Antkerce basi extinctoriiformi aftixse. Germen pedicel- 
latum. Stylus subulatus : stigma simplex. Caps, prismatica 
tripartibilis, partialibus ang-ulo interno dehiscenlibus. Item. 
biseriata, marginibus suturae inserta, testa iaxa pubescente. 
Brown. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Blandfordia nobilis ; bracteis pedunculo fforlfero duplo 
brevioribus, foliis angusto-linearibus. Brown Ptodr. 
fl. Nov. Holl. p. 295. Bot. llegist. 266. 

Blandfordia nobilis. Smith Exot. Bot. 1. p. 5. t. 4. 
Hort. Kew. Epit. inter addenda. 



This plant was first named by Sir James Edward Smith 
in honour of the Marquis of Blandford, now Duke of 
Marlborough ; the one before assigned to His Grace by 
Mr. Andrews in the Botanist's Repository being the Gaiax 

of LlNN-EUS. 

The flower of the Blandfordia nobilis is of very long- du- 
ration, the corolla retaining its colours even alter the capsule 
is prolonged far beyond its mouth, perhaps till the seeus are 
ripe. 

Mr. Brown refers it to the natural order of Hemerocallidea, 
an order constructed from the first section of Jussieu's Nar- 
cissi, exclusive of the genus Gethy'Sis. 

Native of New Holland, in the neighbourhood of Port 
Jackson, where another species of the same genus occur*, 

and 



and is recorded by Mr. Brown under the name ofgrandijtora; 
but this has not, that we have heard of, been introduced into 
this country. 

Communicated by Messrs. Whitley, Brame, and Milne, 
from their extensive collection of exotics at Fulham, in May 
last. 



( 2004 ) 
Malaxis lilifolia. Lily-leaved Malaxis. 

<HMnfrjiHfr^iflH' * ♦ • *• ♦ ♦* && 

Class and Order. 

GVNANDRIA MoNANDRIA, 

Generic Character. 

Labellum explanatum, indivisum, sessile (saepius posticum). 
Petala 5, angustiora, patula, vel. deflexa. Massce PollinU 
4, parallelae, apicibus stigmati affixae. Brown. 
Liparis. Richard. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Malaxis lilifolia ; foliis binis ovato-lanceolatis, scapo triqne- 

tro, petalis interioribus reflexis discoloribus, Iabello con- 

cavo obovato apice acuto. Swartz Act. Holm. 1800. p. 

235. Willd. Sp. PI. 4. p. 92. Hon. Kew. ed. alt. 5. 

p. 208. Ehret Phil. Trans. 1763. n. 53. p. 81. t. 4. 

Pursh Fl. Amer. Sept. 592. 
Ophrys lilifolia ; bulbo subrotundo, scapo nudo, foliis lance. 

olatis, nectarii labio integro, petalis dorsalibus linearibus. 

Sp. PL 1341. Reich. 4. p. 23. Bot. Repos. 65. Gron. 

Virg. in. ed. 2. p 138. 
Ophrys scapo nudo, foliis radicalibus ovato-oblongis dimidii 

scapi longitudine. Gron. Virg. ed. 1. p. 185. 
Epidendrum caule erecto simplicissimo nudo, racemo simplici 

erecto. Gron. Virg. p. 140. 



We have continued this plant under the name given it by 
Swartz, and adopted in the Hortus Kewensis ; being unwil- 
ling, where possible to avoid it, to make any change in the 
established nomenclature. Otherwise we are disposed to 
agree with M. Richard, that it does not at all accord with 
the character of Malaxis. This author in a very ingenious 
paper on the European Orchidia, published in the last 

number 



number of the Memoirts du Museum, separates the Ophrys 
Loeselii of Linnaeus, undoubtedly a congener of our plant, 
from Malaxis, and proposes to make it a new genus under the 
name of Liparis. 

Malaxjs liUfolia is a native of North America, growing 
in shady wet woods, round the roots bf trees, from Canada 
to Virginia. The first account we have of it as an inhabitant 
of our gardens is from the pen and pencil of Ehret, the 
celebrated botanical draughtsman, who, in the Philosophical 
Transactions for 1763, has described and given a good figure 
of it, as cultivated in the garden of Peter Collinson, Esq. 

Thrives best in bog-earth, in a moist shady situation. 
Flowers in June and July. Our drawing was taken, several 
years ago, from a plant communicated by Messrs. Loddiges 
and Sons. We have received it also this year from Messrs* 
Malcolm* of Kensington -Gore. 



zoos. 




( 2005 ) 
Hove a Celsi. Broad-leaved Hovea, 

Class and Order. 

DlADELPHIA DeCANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

CaL 2-labiatus : labio superiore semibifido, retuso. Slam. 
omnia connexa. Carina obtusa. Legumen sessile, subro- 
tundum, ventricosum, dispermum. Sem. strophiolata. Brown. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Hovea Celsi; ramulis terctibus, foliis lanceolatis subrhom- 
beis apice obtusis mucronatis, pedunculis axillaribus 
multifloris, calyce bracteisque pilosiusculis. Bonpland 
Nav. et Malm. p. 125. *. 51. Bot. Reg. 280. 



Descr. A low upright shrub with us j but said to have 
reached to six feet high in Paris, with many branches. 
Leaves alternate, elliptical, mucronate, leathery, sometimes 
ferrugineous underneath : petioles short, recurved. Pedun- 
cles axillary, simple, or compound, the latter from 2 to 
4-flowcred, scarcely half an inch long, erect, villous, brown. 
Calyx 2-lipped, rough : upper lip broad, obtuse, ctnarginate : 
lower lip 3-toothed. teeth acute. Bractcs 2, minute, close 
to the calyx. Corolla papilionaceous : vexillum 2-lobed, 
patent, violet-coloured with a white spot at the base. Alai 
only half the length of the vexillum. Carina still smaller, 
with distinct petals. Stamens diaclelphous, according to our 
observation, but described in the generic character as being 
all connected. Germen pedicellated : ovula 2. 

This species differs from the one we have before figured at 
No. 1624, in having broader leaves and larger flowers, and 
more especially, by these not growing in pairs, but several 
together from the same axil, on much longer peduncles. 

Like all the known species it is a native of New Holland ; 
from whence it was first brought to Europe by Captain Bau- 
dix, on his return from the expedition to that country. 

It 



It flowers early in the spring, and is a very desirable shrub 
for the greenhouse or conservatory. Propagated by cuttings. 
Introduced by Mr. Allen, of the Union Nursery, King's 
Road, from M. Cels's garden, near Paris, and communi- 
cated by him in March last. 

We have been sometimes blamed for giving plants which 
have been before figured in the Botanical Register, a censure 
to which no one of our numbers has been so much exposed 
as the present. In this case, however, as in most others, it 
was hardly possible to have been avoided, our drawing being 
made and engraved before the publication of it in the Register. 
To the very few persons who take in both works, it is no 
doubt more desirable that their contents should in every case 
be different, and, as far as is compatible with the interest of 
the proprietors, and the satisfaction of the majority of our 
subscribers, it is our desire to accommodate our numbers to 
the wishes of those few. But every considerate person, who 
is at all acquainted with the business, must see that this in- 
convenience is more easily pointed out than prevented. The 
flowering season of plants is fugitive, the recurrences of op* 
portunity often uncertain, which, united with other circum- 
stances, makes it necessary to accumulate our drawings long 
before they can be used ; and the artists of the first eminence, 
who have been always employed in drawing for the Botanical 
Magazine, are paid too highly for their labours to allow of 
these being thrown aside. It must be seen too, that in the 
case of newly introduced plants of unusual beauty, or of 
general curiosity, it will be thought a poor excuse by our 
numerous subscribers, the majority of whom are perhaps 
possessed of no other work containing figures of plants, to 
be told that they may be accommodated elsewhere. The 
Botanical Magazine now contains figures of upwards of two 
thousand species, drawn from nature, by the most eminent 
artists, a number, exclusive of cryptogamous plants, never 
before attained in any botanical work"; and is progessively 
increasing in importance ; and may in time be expected to 
contain representations of most of the important plants culti- 
vated in our gardens. 







fui.hy.£.CMrtis.Wal-t 



( 2006 ) 

Zamia pumila, mas. Small-leaved 
Zamia. 

Class and Order. 
Dicecia Hexandria. 

Generic Character. 

Masc. Amentum strobiliforme. Cal. squama obovata. 
Cor. 0. Antherce globosaB, rima dehiscentes, in squama 
sessiles. 

Pem. Amentum strobiliforme. Cal. squama peltata. Cor.O. 
Germina %. Styli 0. Baccae 2, 1-spermae. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Zamia pumila ; foliolis linearibus integerrimis obtusis subvi- 

gintijugis, stipite tereti inermi basi furfuraceo. 
Zamia pumila. Loddig. Catal. 



This is certainly the Zamia pumila of Loddiges' Catalogue, 
and may perhaps be the male of the species of which the fe- 
male is given above, at No. 1838, under the name of Zamia 
media ; but if so, Jacquin's figure of the male of that species 
is so different, that we cannot venture to refer our plant to 
the same. 

The leaves of Zamia pumila are elegantly curved, and the 
leaflets are not spread out flat, but rise towards those of the 
opposite side, they are very generally quite entire, numerous, 
about eighteen or twenty on each side, nearly opposite, and 
closer together than in most other species. 

Communicated by Messrs. Loddiges and Sons, in June 
1815, 



( 2007 ) 
Anemone alpina. a. major Alpine Anemone* 

.4* i* llti^ sir ■1','if A A A A »'< J> A it* A »v_ 
/(, *}> ift j/> q> j(t jft jf> ift if, ifk' jy'ijr'jf,tf, if, /{, 

Class and Order. 

PoLYANDRIA PoLYGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 
Cat. 0. Petala 6 — 9. Sem. plura. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Anemone alpina ; foliis caulinis ternis supradecompositis 
glabriusculis, foliolis pinnatifidis obtusis, seminibus hir- 
sutis caudatis. fViltd. Sp. Pi. 2. p. 1275. Hort. Kew. 
ed. alt. 3. p. 337. Persoon Syn. 2. p. 97. 

Anemone alpina ; foliis petiolo ramoso biternatim sectis, 
segmentis pitinatim incisoserratis, involucralibus confor- 
mibus, sepalis 6. patentibus. Deeand. Syst. Ve&et. 1. 
p. 193. 

(*.) major, floribus magnis albis extus putpurascentibus, 
foliis glabratis aut parce villosis antejlorem expansis, 
Deeand. I. c. 

Anemone apiifolia. Willd. Sp. PL 2. 1276. 

Anemone alpina ; foliis caulinis ternis connatis supradecom- 
positis multifidis, seminibus hirsutis caudatis. Sp. PL 
760. var. {3. 

Anemone alpina alba major. Bauh. Prodr. 94. Raj. Hist. 
l.p.627. 



This very variable plant has been considered by different 
botanists as consisting of several distinct species, and has 
accordingly gone by the different names of apiifolia, &ul~ 
phurea, burseriana, baldensis, myrrhidifolia, for a complete 
account of which varieties and their synonyms, we refer to 
De Candolle's Regni Vegetabilis Systema Naturale; quoting 
here only such as belong to the Anemone alpina alba major 
of Bavsxn's Prodromus. 



The Anemone alpitm has generally been mistaken in our 
ISurseries for Anemone patens, under which name wc have 
several times received it 

Our drawing" was taken from a plant communicated in May 
1816, by Messrs. Whitley, Brame, and Milne, in which the 
petals were increased to nine; the natural number being only 
six, in two series, the three external ones very hairy and 
tinged with purple on the outside, the three internal ones 
smooth, white, and undulated. The flower is spreading, and 
grows erect upon a peduncle longer than the involucrum. 

We received two fine specimens of the same plant this last 
spring from Mr. James A. Hunter, Nursery and Seedsman, 
out of his very extensive collection near Birmingham. In 
these the number of the petals was, as natural, six, besides a 
small accessary petal added to the inner series, which was the 
same in both flowers. 

A hardy perennial. Native of Switzerland and Austria. 
Cultivated in the Oxford garden in 1658. 







fo 



{ 2003 ) 

Brachysema latifolium. Broad-leaved 
Brachysema. 

Class and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cat 5-fidus, parum inasqualis, tubo ventricoso. Cor. papi- 
lionacea. Vexillum brevius carina compressa alas asquante, 
Germen pedicello basi vaginula cincto. Stylus filiformis, 
elongatus. Legumen polyspermura, ventricosum. Brown. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Brachysema latifolium, foliis ovatis plants, vexillo oblongo- 
obovato. Brown in Hort. Kew. 3. p. 10. Bot. Reg. 118. 



The broad-leaved Brachysema is a native of the south-east 
coast of New Holland, where it was first discovered by Mr. 
Robert Brown. It is remarkable for the shortness of the 
vexillum, from whence its name. It is a beautiful procumbent 
shrub, which shows to most advantage when suffered to hang 
down over the edge of the pot. In our specimen the flowers 
were produced singly, but they sometimes grow two or three 
together. 

A hardy greenhouse shrub ; easily propagated by cuttings. 
Flowers early in the spring, and continues to put forth a 
succession of blossoms for some months. Introduced to the 
Kew Gardens by Mr. Peter Good in 1803. Communicated 
by Messrs. Barr and Brooke, of the Northampton Nursery, 
Newington-Green, in May 1817. 



Jf$009, 




( 2009 ) 

Pyrus coronaria. Sweet-scented 
Crab-tree. 

$$ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ i t $♦♦♦ ' ♦ $& |H|# 

Class and Order. 

ICOSANDRIA PENTAGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. 5-fidus. Petala 5. Pomum inferum, 5 loculare, 
polyspermum. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Pyrus coronaria; foliis lato-ovalibus basi rotundatis subangu- 

latis serratis UBvibus, pedunculis corymbosis. Pursh Fl. 

Am. Sept. 340. 
Pyrus coronaria ; foliis cordatis inciso-serratis angulatis 

glabris, pedunculis corymbosis. Hort. Kew. ed. I. 2. p. 

176.— erf. alt. 3. p. 20S. Willd. arb. 263. Persoon Syn. 

2. p. 40. 
Pyrus coronaria ; foliis serrato-angulatis, umbellis peduncu- 

latis. Sp. PL 687. Kalm it. 3. p. 10. 
Malus sylvestris floribus odoratis. Gron. yirg. ed. I. 55. 

ed II. 77. 



This is a beautiful tree when covered with its fine rose- 
coloured blossoms, which are admired also for their delight- 
ful fragrance. The petals are remarkable for their long claws. 

The fruit, according to Pursh, is in much request in 
America for making an excellent preserve ; but in Kalm's 
time it appears to have been entirely neglected, as he observes 
that it lay on the ground mostly undecayed till the following 

pring. 

A hardy tree. Native of North America, from Pensylvania 
to Carolina. Flowers in May. Introduced in 1724 by Mr. 
John Faber. Communicated by Johj* Walker, Esq. of 
Arno's Grove. 



( 2010 ) 

JElJPATORIUM SALVI.EFOLIUM. SAGE^LEAVEq 
ElJPATORIUM. 

<j» *p *FfP*P *c *J* *P 'fr*F 1* *P *| % 1* i» *I» *S» 'p^J^ 

CZass and Order. 
Syngenesia Polygamia jEqualis. 

Generic Character. 

Pecept. nudum. Pappus pilosus, vel scaber. CaZ. imbri- 
catus oblongus. Stylus semibifidus, longus. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Eupatorium salviatfolium ; foliis amplexicaulibus lanceolatis 

acuminatis rugosis serratis, floribus paniculatis congestis. 
Eupatorium marianum, salvias longissimis acuminatis angusr 

tioribus foliis, non perfoliatum, floribus albicantibus. 

Pluk. Amalth. 81 — Mantissas 71. Vaill Par 1719 

p. 302. 



This species of Eupatorium has been frequently mistaken 
for sessilifolium ; but Willdenow and other authors describe 
sessilifolium as having quite smooth, minutely serrated leaves; 
and Clayton's specimen, preserved in the Banksian her- 
barium, corresponds with these characters, and appears to us 
to be altogether distinct from our plant, the leaves of which 
are thicker, rugose like those of sage, more grossly serrate, 
broader, and more cordate at the base, and drawn out to a 
longer point, covered with a thick kind of tomentum on the 
under surface, and not with minute resinous dots. It ap- 
proaches very near to Eupatorium perfoliatum, of which 
perhaps it may be a variety with distinct leaves, but is a 
smaller plant, and the leaves, though stem-embracing, are 
never connate. 

Native of Maryland in North America. Communicated by 
A. B. Lambert, Esq. from his collection at Boyton in August 
J815. 



( 2011 ) 

Annona tripetala. Broad-leaved 
Custard-apple. 

Class and Order. 

POLYANDRIA PoLYGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 3-phyllus. Petala 6. Bacca polysperma subrotunda, 
cortice squamato. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Annona tripetala ; foliis ovatis acutis subtus pubescentibus, 

floribus tripetalis, petalis lanceoktis coriaceis tomentosis. 

Hort. Kew. ed. I. p. 252. ed. II. 3. p. 334. Willd. Sp. 

PL 2. p. 1264. Persoon Sfrn. 2. p. 95. Wendl. Obs. 

24. t. 3. / 24. 
Anona Cherimolia ; foliis ovato-Ianceolatis impunctatis subtus 

tenuissime tomentoso-sericeis, petalis exterioribus sub- 

clausis extus tomentosis, fructibus subglobosis subsqua- 

mosis. Decand. Syst. Peg. 4:73. 
Anona Cherimolia. Lam. Encycl. 2. p. 124. Dunal. Monogr, 

p. 72 ; foliis ovatis acutis, flore albido ungue purpureo 

fructu coniformi tuberoso nigricante. Trew Ehret. p, 

16. t 49. 
Guanabanus Perseae folio, flore intus albo extus virescente, 

fructu nigricante squamoso, vulgo Cherimolia. Feuillee 

It. 3. p. 24. t. 17. 



Descr. Stem shrubby : branches downy. Leaves alter- 
nate, petiolated, oval, acute, quite entire, covered underneath 
with a fine soft pubescence, ribbed with parallel transverse 
nerves, upper surface smooth, netted-veined : petioles hairy, 
ferruginous, channeled above. Peduncles solitary, opposite 
the kaf, bent down, somewhat ferruginous. Calyx three- 
cleft: 



cleft : leaflets triangular. Petals 3. According* to Wend- 
land, an accurate observer, the three inner petals exist ; but 
if present in our examples, they were so minute as to escape 
our notice. Oblong-lanceolate, acute, leathery, white within ; 
a little villous without, of a greenish brown colour. Nectary 
a half-round, dark purple hollow, at the base of the petal. 
Stamens many, falling : anthers linear, affixed to the back of 
the filament, which has a globular termination. Pollen 
globular. Germens many, crowded together : stigmas obtuse, 
smooth. The flower expands in the evening, and diffuses a 
fragrant odour, not unlike that of the flowers of Magnolia 
fuscata. 

Native of Chili and Peru ; and, according to Feuillee, is 
cultivated with great care in the latter country, where it is 
esteemed the best fruit of the country by the Creoles ; but the 
good father remarks, that a pear or a plum is worth all the 
Cheriinolli in Peru. 

M. De Candolle prefers the name of Cherimolia, given it 
by Lamarck in the Encyclopedia, which has indeed the right 
of priority. But as Willdenow and even Persoon, the two 
systematic writers in most general use, have adopted the name 
given it in the first edition of Ayton's Hortus Kewensis, that 
of tripetala seems now to be best known, on which account 
only w r e retain it. 

Cultivated only by Mr. Philip Miller in 1739. Flowers 
in July and August. Communicated by the Comtesse de 

\ AXDLS- 



y.2oiz. 




( 2012 ) 

Lysimachia thyrsi flora. Tufted 
Loosestrife. 

Class and Order. 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. rotata. Caps, globosa, mucronata, 10-valvis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Lysimachia thyrsiflora; racemislateralibuspedunculatis. Sp 

PL 209. Reich. 1. p. 420. Willd. 1. p. 818. Hort. 

Kew. ed. alt. 1. p. 314. Persoon Syn. 1. p. 172. Flor. 

Dan. t. 517. Web. Spicileg. fl. goett. p. 8. En<*l 

Bot. 176. Fl, Brit. 228. Pollich. Palat. n. 200. Krock 

Sites. 302. t. SI. 
Lysimachia exalis foliorum thyrsifera. Fl. Lap. 82 Hort 

Cliff. 52. 
Lysimachia racemis alaribus, densissimis, folio brevioribus 

Hall. Hist.n. 631. 
Lysimachia bifolia, flore globoso luteo. Bauh. Pin. 245. 

Ger. emac. 475. Raj. Syn. 283. Hist. 1022. 5. Park 

Theatr. 544. 3. 
Lysimachia lutea III. Clus. Hist. 2. p. 53. / 1 . e£. 2. altera 

Lobelii. £tf M /*. flfort. 2. 904. / 2. 
Lysimachium aquatile. Dod. pempt. 607. /. 1. 
Naumbergia guttata, petalis apice et ovariis guttatis, foliis 

lanceolatis scssilibus, floribus axillaribus capitatis, sta- 

minibus petalis longioribus. Munch. Method. Suppl. 

p. 23. 



The Lysimachia thyrsiflora is a native of Great Britain, 
but hardly to be met with in the Southern parts of the island, 
except in gardens, where it is sometimes cultivated. 

It is somewhat remarkable that a plant so very different in 
habit from all the other European species of Lysimachia, 
should have been referred to that genus by the old botanists ; 

and 



and not less so that it should have been retained there by 
modern systematic writers, especially in the prevalent rage 
for establishing new genera, when it is considered in how 
many points it differs from the rest of the species. Haller 
remarks that it can scarcely belong to Lysimachia ; but we 
have not found that any body has attempted to separate it from 
that genus, except the late Professor Monch^ who has called 
it Naumbergia, in honour of I. S. Naumburg, author of 
Lebrbuch der Botanick, printed at Hamburgh and Altona 
1798. And to this genus he refers all the species of Lysi- 
machia that have the filaments distinct to the base. We 
suspect that this character may include some that are as differ- 
ent from this, as it is from others ; and without an opportu- 
nity of examining the whole, we think it best to keep to the 
old established name, however dubious we may be of its really 
belonging to the genus. 

The segments of the calyx, the lacinias of the corolla, and 
the number of stamens always correspond, but are said to 
vary from five to eight ; the general number in cultivated 
plants, and no others have we had an opportunity of seeing 
in a living state, appears to be six, from which we have ob- 
served very few deviations. There is a very nearly related 
species found in the salt marshes near New York, in which 
Pursh says is certainly distinct ; but his specific character 
will apply equally well to the European plant, nor does he 
mention a single point in which they differ. 

Flowers in May, June, and July. Requires a moist situation. 




12013. 



( 2013 ) 

Teucrium hyrcanicum* Betony-leaved 
Germander. 

Class and Order. 

DlDYNAMIA GyMNOSPERMIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. labium superius nullum, sed fissura ejus loco, in qua. 
Stamina jacent. ? 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Teucrium hyrcanicum; foliis cordato-oblongis obtusis, caulc 
brachiato dichotomo, spicis longissimis terminalibua 

w?!!, bU o Spi i? lib " s / *• PL 789 - Beieh. 3. p. 18. 

Willd 3. p.24f. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 3. p. 368. Sehreb. 

unilab. p. 40. n. 36. Persoon Syn. % p. \\\ n 28 
Teucrium foliis cordatis crenatis rugosis, spicis florum lon- 
gissimis cyhndricis, bracteis linearibus. Medic Act 

Palat. v. 3 phys. p. 206, 
Teucrium foliis cordatis crenatis petiolatis, spicis oblongs 

densissimis. Hall. Comment. Goett. v. 2. p. 343. t. f3. 

Arduini Specim. 13. t. 4, 



A hardy herbaceous perennial. Native of Persia. Intro- 
duced in 1763 by John Earl of Bute. Its fine long 
terminal spikes recommend this species as an ornamental 
plant, particularly adapted for mixing with large bouquets of 
(lowers for adorning drawing-rooms. 

Flowers from August to October, 



I.20U, 




i j j *j3 . 



( 2014 ) 

Prunella grandiflora, a. latifolia. 
Broad-leaved Self-heal. 

Class and Order, 

DlDVNAMlA GyjMNOSPERMIA. 

Generic Character. 

Filamenta bifurca : altero apice antherifera. Stigma 
bitidum. Cat. bilabiatus. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Prunella grandiflora ; foliis petiolatis oblongo ovatis basi 

dentatis calycis labio superiore trifido, caule adscendente. 

WiM. Sp. PL 3. p. 177. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 3. p. 429. 

Per soon Syn. 2. p. 187. 
(«.) latifolia ; foliis subintegerrimis corollis hirsutis. 
Brunella foliis ovatis oblongis, calycibus superne tridentatis. 

Hall Hist, n. 278. 
Prunella grandiflora ; foliis subintegris subrotundo-ovatis, 

calycibus superne profundius tridentatis. Pollich. Palat 

578. 
Brunella magno flore. Hort. Eyst. JEstiv. Ord. 14. t. 13. 
Prunella latifolia. Donn. Hort. Cant. ed. Pursh. 194. 
Brunella crerulea magno flore. Hort. Eyst. PL astiv. Ord. 

14. t. 13. 
(|3.) foliis plus minusve laciniatis, corollis glabriusculis. 
Prunella grandiflora. Supra. 337. Jacq.fl. Austr. 4. t. 378. 



This plant has been generally considered in our nurseries 
as a distinct species from Prunella grandiflora, and is the 
one introduced into Donn's Catalogue under the name of lati- 
folium. We are, however, inclined to consider them and the 
laciniata of Jacquin as mere varieties, seeing the form of 
the leaves and the colour of the flower are so given to vary. 

The 



The form of the calyx distinguishes all these plants from 
vulgaris, of which Linnaeus considered grandiflora as a 
variety. 

Our plant is certainly the Prunella latifolia of Donn's 
Hortus Cantabrigiensis, and as this book is so much in the 
hands of foreigners, who have seldom any means of knowing 
what such plants are, as are only recorded by name, without 
reference to any character, we regard the ascertaining of such 
to be a very useful office. 

A hardy perennial of easy culture. Flowers from July to 
September. Communicated by Mr. Salisbury, from his 
Botanic garden at Brompton. 



I20U 




ft4.il 



( 2015 ) 

Passiflora holosericea. Silky-leaved 
Passion-Flower. 

Class and Order. 

MONADELPHIA PENTANDRIA, 

Generic Character. 

Cat. 5-partitus, coloratus* Cor. "5-petala, calyci inserta* 
Nectar, corona filamentosa. Pepo pedicellata. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Passiflora holosericea ; foliis trilobis tomentosis : basi 

utrinque denticulo reflexo, pedunculis subtrifloris. 
Passiflora holosericea. Willd. Sp. PL 3. p. 618. Hort. 

Kew. ed. alt. 4. p. 152. Persoon Syn. 2. p. 221. 

Anuen, Acad. I. p. 226. f. 15. Cavan. Diss. 10. p. 459. 

t. 291. Miss Laur. Pas. Fl. Bot. Reg. 59. 
Granadilla folio hastato holosericeo, petalis candicantibus, 

fimbriis expurpureo et luteo variis. Mart. Cent. 51. 



The genus Passiflora seems particularly liable to vary in 
the number of lobes into which the leaves are divided ; from 
which circumstance the usual division of it into sections, ac- 
cording to the number of lobes in the leaf, seems very incon- 
venient ; such a division also brings species together that are 
very little allied. It appears to us that the different inflores- 
cence would afford more constant, as well as more natural 
sections : some species always producing their flowers on soli- 
tary one-flowered peduncles, others always in pairs, and others 
again, as in the present instance, on compounded peduncles, 
each bearing two, three, or more flowers. 

The 



The Passiflora holoscricea is a very desirable stove climber, 
for although its blossoms are much less brilliant than in some 
of the other species, yet they are by no means without beauty, 
and make up by their number and fragrance what they want 
in splendid colouring. 

Native of Vera Cruz, in South America, whence it was 
introduced into the Chelsea garden by Dr. William Houstoun 
before the year 1733. Flowers most part of the summer. 
Our drawing was made at the Comtesse de Vandks* collection 
at Bayswater in August 1815. 



jr/jULo. 




( 2016 ) 

GNIDIA P1NIFOLIA. PlNE-LEAVED GNIDIA 

Class and Order. 

OcTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 0. Cor. 4-fida. SquamuUe 4 vel 8 supra faucem. 
Nux subdrupacea. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Gnidia pinifolia ; foliis sparsis triquetris mucronatis : flora- 

libus lanceolatis capitulo brevioribus, corollis pubescenti- 

bus, squamulis quatuor barbatis. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 2. p 

412. Bot. Reg. 19. 
Gnidia pinifolia; foliis sparsis trigonis floribus capitato- 

umbeilatis. Willd. Sp. PI. 2. p. 424. Thunb. Prodr. 

76. Persoon Syn. 1. p. 436. Bot. Repos. 52. 
Gnidia radiata. Wendl. Obs. 15. t. 2. f. 12. 
Rapunculus foliis nervosis linearibus, floribus argenteis non 

galeatis. Burm.Afr. p. 112. t. 41. / 3? Synon. dubium 

propter longitudinem tubi floris. 
Valerianoides Skhiopica frutescens. Seb. thes. 2. p. 22. 



The greatest confusion has taken place among botanists re- 
specting Gnidia pinifolia, radiata and imberbis. Wendland 
has described and figured the last mentioned under the name 
of pinifolia, and our plant under that of radiata. The two first 
are probably the same species. Linnaeus seems to have de- 
scribed pinifolia a second time in the Mantissa, under the name 
of radiata ; and in the Supplement, the former name occurs 
again with a new character, which has certainly nothing to 
do with our plant. This last is given in Martyn's edition of 
Miller's Dictionary, under the name of Gnidia Sparmanni ; 
and it is undoubtedly quite distinct from pinifolia. G. imberbis 

we 



we have figured at (No. 1463), and have there corrected its 
synonymy ; having before, at No. 812, shewn that it was mis- 
taken in our Nurseries for simplex. 

Gnima pinifolia is a very pretty shrub, and its flowers, 
though notshewy, are very fragrant, especially in the evening. 

Native of the Cape of Good Hope. Requires the protec- 
tion of a greenhouse. Cultivated by Philip Miller in 1763. 
Flowers most part of the summer. 

Communicated by N. S. Hodson, Esq. of Bury St. Edmunds. 



F.wn. 




ftA.lj-. S . a*rt^.Talw«rtH 0**-j | iM 



( 2017 ) 

DORSTENIA HOUSTONI. HoUSTOUN's 
DORSTENIA. 

4jr-fy * ~fc 4HJt-4HJE-4Mt-*-*Ht -$-*-*"$$•$• 

Class and Order. 

Tetrandria Monogynia. 

(Moncecia Tetrandria. Pers.) 

Generic Character. 

Receptac. commune 1-phyllum, carnosum, in quo semina 
solitaria nidulantur. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Dorstenia Houstoni ; scapis radicatis, foliis cordatis annu- 
laris acutis, receptaculis quadrangulis. Willd. Sp. PL 
1. p. 682. Persoon Syn. 2. p. 557. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 
1. p. 267. Spreng. in Schrad. Journ. 1800. p. 3. f. 1. 

Dorstenia Dentariae radice, folio minus laciniato, placenta 
quadrangulari et undulato. Houst. in Phil. Trans v 
37. p. 196. / 2. 



The genus Dorstenia, of which there are several species, 
is very curious in its construction, the flowers being 1 fixed in 
a flat fleshy receptacle of various forms. In Dorstenia 
Houstoni the receptacle is nearly square, and somewhat curled 
in at the edges. In its organization it approaches very near 
to the fig ; for it is only to imagine the edges to be continued 
till they meet, and to be united, enclosing the flowers in the 
centre, and we have an exact fig. 

The flowers are very minute ; they probably differ in their 
structure in different species : in our plant they appeared to be 
monandrous, or at least the stamens to be placed singly without 
order among the pistils. According to the description of this 
species in Miller's Dictionary, its stature is much greater than 
we have observed it ; and in Houstoun's figure above quoted, 

the 



the leaves between the angles are represented as quite entire, 
not crenated as in cur's, and they are nearly so in the spe- 
cimen collected in Campeachy by Houstoun himself, still 
preserved in the Banksian Herbarium ; but in no other 
respect could we discover any difference ; in the figure by 
Sprengel, above quoted, the leaves are crenated, as in our 
plant. 

The Contrayerva roots of the shops are probably collected 
indifferently from various species, certainly from this, accord- 
ing to Houstoun, in Campeachy, where it is indigenous. 

Communicated by Messrs. Loddiges and Sons, in whose 
stove for some seasons this plant came up spontaneously from 
the self-sown seeds. 




JF2018. 



Pl&.try S 



( 2018 ) 

RUTA MACROPHYLLA. BRO AD-LEAVED RUE. 

Class and Order. 

Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character, 

Cal. 5-partitus. Petala concava. Recept. punctis melli- 
feris decern cinctum. Caps, lobata. 

Specific Character. 

Ruta macrophylla ; foliis pinnatis, foliolis petiolatis, petalis 
ciliatis. Soland. Mss. in Mus. Banks. 



This plant is generally considered in our Nurseries as the 
Ruta chalepensis, which is described by Linn^us as having 
supra-decompounded leaves, and such has a specimen which 
we have from Chelsea garden, collected there several years 
ago, from which this appears to us to be a very distinct species, 
the leaves being for the most part simply pinnate, leaflets 
many times larger, generally, but not always, quite simple and 
petiolated. The petals are ciliated as in chalepensis. We 
find a specimen in the Banksian Herbarium, from Kew Garden, 
under the name which we have adopted ; but where it is 
indigenous, or from whence it was brought into this country, 
we have not been able to detect. Our drawing was made 
from a plant communicated by N. S. Hodson, Esq. now of 
Bury St. Edmunds. 



2013. 




( 2019 ) 

Campanula sarmatica. Grey-leaved 
Bell-Flower. 

#♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ft $ jj ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦# 

CZass flnrf Order. 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. campanulata, fundo clauso valvis staminiferis. Stigma 
S-fidum. Caps, infera, poris lateralibus dehiscens. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Campanula sarmatica ; capsulis obtectis, foliis tomentosis i 
inferioribus cordato-lanceolatis petiolatis, superioribus 
oblongis sessilibus, floribus secundis cernuis, germinibus 
lanatis. Bot. Reg. 237. 

Campanula betoniccefolia ; cum charactere supra dato. 
Bieb. Fl. taur. caus. 1. p. 153. n. 382. 

Obs. Nomen betonicifolia alise Campanula* speciei in prod* 
romo Florae Graecse jampridem relatum fuit. 



This plant is the Campanula betoniccefolia of Marschall 
a. Bieberstein's Flora taurico-caucasica ; but that name 
having been applied to a different species two years before the 
publication of his work, by Prof. James E. Smith in his 
Prodromus Florae Graecae, Mr. Ker, in the Botanical Register, 
has changed the specific name to Sarmatica ; a step we should 
hardly have taken, because if that of betonicifolia had not 
been published before the appearance of the Prodromus, the 
plant must have been more early known to Russian botanists 
by that name and communicated to other countries, as we 
received it ourselves, under the same, from Mr. Loddiges, 
in June 1805. 

It is a hardy perennial, remarkable for the grey colour of 
its leaves, which are harsh and very rugose, oblong-cordate, 

or 



or nearly sagittate at the base. It belongs to the section in 
which the cah/x is divided into ten segments, five of which 
are reflexed, but the reflexed segments in this species are very 
minute, giving- the appearance of only five arrow-shaped 
segments. The corolla is marked with five hairy lines. The 
valvular bases of the filaments are nearly orbicular and cili- 
ated. Germen trilocular. Style longer than the stamens, 
and, as frequently happens in this genus, so covered with the 
pollen that its divisions are not observable, but the stigmas 
afterwards separate into three, and finally roll back. 

Flowers in June and July. Our drawing was taken from 
a plant communicated by Mr. Jenkins, Nurseryman, in the 
New-Road, who raised it from seeds sent from Moscow, by 
Dr. Fischer, to Mr. Hunneman. 



U 




J.mo.^ 



( 2020 ) 

Helianthus diffusus. Missouri Sun- 
Flower. 

<| i j i Unp $-$-#-$ -$-$-$- ^-sMs-sMf- 

Class and Order. 

SvNGENESIA PoLYGAMIA FrUSTRANEA. 

Generic Character. 

Rccept. paleaceum, planum. Pappus diphyllus. Cat. im-« 
bricatus, subsquarrosus. 

Specific Character. 

Helianthus diffusus; caule hispido divaricato, foliis ovatii 
rig'idis scabris serrulatis alternis oppositisque, pedunculis 
longissimis unifloris. 



Descr. Stem angular, purple, hispid : branches distant, 
rambling, bearing one terminal flower on a very long pedun- 
cle. The whole plant is clothed with stiff, stinging hairs, 
scarcely exceeds two feet in height, but spreads wide. Leaves 
both opposite and alternate, oblong-ovate, rigid, very rough. 
Calyx imbricated, scales ovate, in four series, smooth, with 
villous edges. Flowers large : rays about twenty, oblong- 
ovate, plicate, three-toothed, of a very full yellow colour. 
Floscules of the disk yellow: tube filiform pedicle-like : border 
cylindrical. Anthers dark purple. Stigmas revolute, golden 
yellow. Chaff of the receptacle linear-lanceolate, concave, 
green. Germens three-cornered, crowned with a two-leaved, 
awl-shaped pappus. 

From its rambling manner of growth, this plant does not 
appear very sightly in the garden ; but is one of the most 
desirable flowers imaginable for ornamenting rooms, as it 
lives long in water,- and from its spreading branches, the 
flowers dispose well, and make a very brilliant appearance. 

A hardy 



A hardy perennial. Blooms in August and September". 
Our drawing was made from a specimen communicated by 
Aylmer Bourke Lambert, Esq. three years ago, out of his 
collection at Boyton, where it was raised from seeds collected 
on the borders of the Missouri, by Mr. Nuttall ; but our 
description was taken at the Botanic Garden at Chelsea in 
August last. 



K.2DZ1 




I^.DT.S-<i*rfu.tt»*»Tfn.i-.c_i<5i3- 



( 2021 ) 

Androsace septentrionalis. Tooth- 
leaved Androsace. 

ft »l | ^ ft $ -» #»*$♦ ** -£-&* 

Class and Order. 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Involucrum umbelluls. Corolla tubus ovatus : ore glandu- 
Ioso. Caps. 1-locularis, globosa. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Androsace septentrionalis ; foliis Ianceolatis dentatis, radiis 

umbellae numerosis strictis, corollae laciniis integris calyce 

parum longioribus. 
Androsace septentrionalis ; foliis Ianceolatis dentatis glabris, 

perianthiis angulatis corolla brevioribus. Sp. PI. 203. 

fVilld. l.p. 798. Persoon Syn. 1. p. 169. Hort. Kew. 

ed. alt. l.p. 306. Mart. Mill. Diet. n. 3. Flor. Dan. 

t. 7. Gcert. Sem. 1. 232. t 50. Mill. ic. 20. t. 30. f. 2 ? 
Androsace montana flore minore, Buxb. act. Petr. p. 369. 

t. 23. Jig. pessima. 
Aretia foliis ellipticis Ianceolatis, glabris, scapis umbellatis. 

Hall. Hist. n. 621 ? exclusis synonymis. 
Alsine verna Androsaces capitulis. Bauh. Prodr. 118. 6. 

—Pin. 251. 
Alsine minor Androsaces alterius Mattbioli facie. Bauh. 

Prodr. 118. 5.— Pin. 251. 



Androsace septentrionalis is a hardy annual, the flowers 
of which make very little show from their minuteness. It is 
nevertheless a pretty plant, that looks very well upon rock 
work. Is easily propagated by seeds, which it ripens readily. 

It 



It appears to us that at least two species have been con^ 
founded in the synonyms usually applied to this ; that of 
Gmelin more probably belongs to coronopifolia ; as perhaps 
does that of Miller above dubiously quoted. 

The figure in Flora Danica is a good representation of our 
plant, and as we observe in Dr. Fischer's Catalogue of the 
Gorenki garden., that he has Androsace septentrionalis Nor- 
vegica, it is probable that he there adverts to this plant, and 
that his septentrionalis is our coronopifolia. 

Flowers \n May and June. Supposed to be cultivated by 
Philip Miller in 1755, but as his figure is very dubious, 

erhaps it may be of much later introduction. Communicated 

y N, S. Hodson, JSsq. 



I 



F20ZL 




( 2022 ) 

Androsace coronopifolia. Buck's-horn- 
leaved Androsace. 

#4^MnMhNn|hM^####4h| %• 

Class and Order. 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — Vide No. 2021. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Androsace coronopifolia ; folis lanceolatis dentatis, umbellse 

radiis laxis, corollse laciniis apice crenulatis calyce duplo 

longioribus. 
Androsace coronopifolia; foliis lineari lanceolatis dentatis, 

umbellse radiis laxis subcapillaribus numerosis, corollis 

calyce duplo longioribus. Bot. Rep. 647. 
Androsace foliis lanceolatis dentatis glabris, perianthiis an- 

gulatis corolla brevioribus. Gmel. Sib. 4. p. 80. t 43. 

f. 2. A. B. ? 
Androsace coronopi foliis glabris, flosculis ex verticilli foliosi 

umbilico pluribus, albis, Messerschem. Amman Ruth, 

n. 22. T 



The Androsace coronopifolia is very nearly allied to the 
septentrionale, and may perhaps by some be thought to be 
more properly considered as a variety than a distinct species : 
but, by bringing them together, some remarkable differences 
will be perceived, particularly in the greater laxity of the 
footstalks of the flower, and in the size and form of the 
corolla. 

The synonyms which we have quoted appear to us to belong 
to our plant, though generally applied to septentrionalis. 

Native of Siberia. Supposed to have been first introduced 
into this country about the year 1806 by Mr. Bell, but 
Miller's figure quoted for septentrionalis may perhaps be- 
long to this species ; and in that case it is of earlier intro- 
duction than the other. 

Flowers in June and July, full a month or six weeks later 
than the other. Communicated by N. S. Hodson, Esq. now 
of Bury St. Edmunds. 



INDEX. 

In which the Latin Names of the Plants contained in the Forty* 
Fifth Volume are alphabetically arranged. 



PL 

1975 Aloe ferox. 
194*3 Amaryllis miniata. 
1955 Andromeda Catesbaei. 
2022 Androsace coronopifolia. 
2021 septentrionalis. 

2007 Anemone alpina, *. major. 
1994 , patens, 0, ochre 

leuca. 
2011 Annona tripetala. 

1950 Ardisia crenata. 

1951 Atragene sibirica. 

. 1947 Banksia marginata, 0. micros- 
tachya. 
2003 Blandfordia nobilis. 

2008 Brachysema Iatifolia. 
1981 Calendula Tragus, 0. 
1973 Campanula lactiflora. 

2019 Campanula sarmatica. 
1968 Canna iridiflora. 
1962 Celsia Arcturus. 

1972 Chrysocoma Comaurea. 

1990 Cineraria parviflora. 

1945 Cluytia pulchella. 

1957 Daviesia mimosoides. 
2017 Dorstenia Houstoni. 

1984 Erica sulphurea. 

2010 Eupatorium salviaefolium. 
1961 Euphorbia punicea. 
1953 Fumaria nobilis. 
1966 Gaultberia procumbens. 

1985 Gnaphalium apiculatum. 
1987 . fcetidum. 

1958 — — — ~ Leontopodium, 

2016 Gnidia pinifolia. 

1995 Haemanthus multiflorus. 
1970 Hebenstretia fruticosa. 

2020 Heliantbus diffusus. 
2005 Hovea Celsi. 

1991 Jasminum hirsutum. 

1946 Lantana nivea. 
1993 Leucojum vernum, 0. 
1965 Lonicera caerulea. 
2012 Lysimachia tbyrsiflora. 



PL 
1952 

2004 
1998 
1971 
1960 
1974 
1944 
1979 
1992 
1964 
1949 
1983 
1989 
2015 
2001 
1986 

1967 
1956 
2014 

2009 
1954 
1996 
2017 
1999 
1977 
1978 
1963 
1980 
1997 
1948 
1982 
1959 
1942 
2013 
1988 
1976 
2002 
1969 
2006 
2000 



Magnolia grandiflora, y. lan- 
ce ol at a. 
Malaxis lilifolia. 
Malva amoena. 
Melastoma hirta. 
Metrosideros hispida. 
Oenothera corymbosa. 
Orchis longicornis. 
Othonna denticulata. 
Oxyanthus speciosus. 
Pachysandria procumbens. 
Passerina hirsuta. 
Passiflora angustifolia. 

— edulis. 

holosericea. 



racemosa. 



Pelargonium lobatum,*, sphon- 
dylijolium. 

Pistacia Lentiscus. 

Pleea tenuifolia. 

Prunella grandiflora, a. Iati- 
folia. 

Pyrus coronaria. 

Rosa Banksise. 

Rudbeckia fulgida. 

Ruta macrophylla. 

Scilla lusitanica. 

Sedum ternatum. 

Sempervivum ciliatum. 

— ■ > glutinosum. 

— ■ Smithii. 

Silene supina. 
Solandra viridiflora. 
Solanum Seaforthianum. 
Stachys arenaria. 
Stenocbilus glaber. 
Teucrium hyrcanicum. 
Trollius a m erica n us. 
Verbena stricta. 
Vinca herbacea, 
Zaraia furfuracea. 

— pumila, mas. 

Zingiber Zerumbet, 



I N D E X. 

In which the English Names of the Plants contained in the Forty 
Fifth Volume are alphabetically arranged. 



PL 

1975 Aloe, great hedge-hog. 

2022 Androsace, Buckthorn-leaved. 

2021 : Tooth-leaved. 

1055 Andromeda, Catesby's. 

2007 Anemone, Alpine, 

1050 Ardisia, Dwarf. 

1051 Atragene, Siberian. 
1047 Banksia, green-flowered. 
2019 Bellflower, grey-leaved. 

1973 ■ milk-white. 

2003 Blandfordia, showy. 

1905 Bloodflower, Sierra Leone. 

2008 Brachysema, broad-leaved. 
1968 Canna, nodding-flowered. 
1997 Catchfly, narrow-leaved pro- 
cumbent. 

19G2 Celsia, scollop-leaved. 
1990 Cineraria, small-flowered. 
1045 Cluytia, broad-leaved. 
2000 Crab-tree, sweet-scented. 
198G Cranesbill, Cowparsnip-leaved 
1058 Cudweed, Lion's-foot. 
2011 Custard-Apple, broad-leaved. 
1957 Daviesia, Mimosa-leaved. 
2017 Dorstenia, Houstouu's. 
1985 Everlasting, New Holland. 

1987 strong-scented. 

2010 Eupatorimn, sage-leaved. 
1953 Fumitory, great-flowered. 

1906 Gaultheria, trailing. 
2013 Germander, Betony-leaved. 
2000 Ginger, broad-leaved. 
1988 Globe-flower, American. 
2016 Gnidia, pine-leaved. 

1072 Goldy-locks, great, shrubby. 
1981 Heath, sulphur-coloured. 
1070 Hebenstretia, shrubby. 
1065 Honeysuckle, blue-berried. 
2005 Hovea, broad-leaved. 
1078 Housc-leek, ciliated. 

1963 clammy. 

-J98Q hispid-stemmed. 

li)91 Jasmine, hairy Indian. 



Ph 

1943 
1946 
2012 
1952 
2004 
1998 
1981 

1967 
1071 
1960 
1982 
1974 
1944 
1992 
1964 
1994 

1983 
2001 

2015 
1989 
2002 
1956 
1979 
1954 
1906 
2017 
2014 
1993 
1918 
1949 
1061 
1000 
1059 
1942 
1077 
2021) 
1976 
1969 
2006 



Lake-Lily, mountairi. 

Lantana, white-flowered. 

Loosestrife, tufted. 

Magnolia, long-leaved. 

Malaxis, lily-leaved. 

Mallow, lively-flowered, Cape. 

Marigold, white-flowered, 
bending-stalked. 

Mastick-tree, common. 

Melastoma, large blue-fruited. 

Metrosideros, rough. 

Nightshade, Lord Seaforth's. 

(Enothera, corymbose. 

Orchis, long-spurred. 

Oxyanthus, tube-flowered. 

Pachysandra, trailing 

Pasque-flower, pale, spread- 
ing-flowered. 

Passion-flower, narrow-leaved. 

— Princess Char- 
lotte's. 

silky-leaved. 

purple-fruited. 

Periwinkle, herbaceous. 

Pleea, grass-leaved. 

Ragwort, tooth-leaved African. 

Rose, Lady Banks's. 

Rudbeckia, small hairy. 

Rue, broad-leaved. 

Self-heal, broad-leaved. 

Snow-flake,Carpathian spring. 

Solandra, green-flowered. 

Sparrow-wort, shaggy. 

Spurge, scarlet-flowered. 

Squill, Portugal. 

Stachy's, purple-flowered. 

Stenochilus, smooth-leaved. 

Stonecrop, Purslane-leaved. 

Sunflower, Missouri. 

Vervain, upright. 

Zamia, broad-leaved. 

small-leaved,