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C U R T I S' S 

Botanical Magazine: 




The most Ornamental Foreign Plants,, cultivated in the Open 
Ground, the Green-House, and the Stove, are accurately 
represented in their natural Colours. 


Their Names, Class, Order, Generic and Specific Characters, according 

to the celebrated Linnjeus; their Places of Growth, 

and Times of Flowering ; 

Together with the most approved Methods of Culture. 


Intended for the Use of such Ladies, Gentlemen, and Gardeners, as wish 
to become scientifically acquainted with the Plants they cultivate. 


Fellow of the Royal and Linnean Societies. 


Being the fourth of the New Series. 

The Flowers, whioh grace their native beds, 

Awhile put forth their blushing heads, 

But, e'er the close of parting day, 

They wither, shrink, and die away : 

But these, which mimic skill hath made, 

Nor scorched by suns, nor killed by shade, 

Shall blush with less inconstant hue, 

Which art at pleasure can renew. Lloyd. 


Printed by W. & S. Couchman, Throgmorton-Street. 

Published by Sherwood, Neely, & Jones, 20, Paternoster- Row / 

And Sold by the principal Booksellers in Great-Britain and Ireland. 


( 2023 ) 

Passi flora filamentosa. Palmate 
Passion-Flo wer. 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cat. 5-partitus, coloratus. Cor. 5-petaIa, calyci inscrta. 
Nectar. Corona filamentosa. Pepo pedicellata. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Passiflora filamentosa ; foliis palmatis quinque-partitis ser- 
ratis, petiolis biglandulosis, involucro triphyllo, foliolis 
suborbiculatis serrulatis. 

Passiflora filamentosa ; foliis palmatis quinque-partitis ser- 
ratis, petiolis glandulosis, involucro triphyllo serrato, filis 
coronae corolla longioribus. Willd. Sp. PL 3. p. 623. 

Passiflora filamentosa ; foliis quinque-lobis serratis, lobis 
inferioribus brevioribus, coronis quinque. Cavan. Diss. 
10. p. 461. t. 294. 

We received this Passion-flower at the end of August 
last, from Messrs. Loddiges and Sons, under the name of 
palmata. It appears evidently to be the filamentosa of C\~ 
vanilles and Willdenow, though the character added by 
the latter of having the threads of the corona longer than 
the corolla* does not hold good in our plant. 

It approaches very near to cozrulea, from which it differs 
chiefly in having the lobes of the leaves and the involucrum 
serrated, in the greater brightness of the colours of the coro- 
na, and in the corolla exceeding considerably the calyx. 

Native of South America, and probably of Jamaica. Is 
at present cultivated as a stove plant, and appears not to have 
"been before introduced into this country. 

The flowers open in the night, and close about noon the 
next day. 

V I 


( 2024 ) 

Arbutus Andrachne. Oriental 

Class and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-partitus. Cor. ovata : ore 5-fido ; basi pellucida. 
Bacca 5-locularis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Arbutus Andrachne; caule arboreo, foliis ovatis integris 
serratisque, paniculis pubescentibus erectis, baccis poly- 
spermis. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 3. p. 56. Bot. Reg. 113. 

Arbutus Andrachne. Sp. PL 566. Bieb. Fl. taur. cauc. 
1. p. 312. Willd. Sp. PL 2. p. 617. Duham. arb. 
ed. nov. 1. 76. t. 22. Prodr. fl. grcec. I. p. 274. 

Andrachne frutescens spica erecta, foliis ovatis integerrimis 
et serratis. Ehret in Philos. transact. Vol. 57. p. 1 14. 
t. 6. 

Arbutus folio non serrato. Bauh. Pin. 460. 

Adrachne Theophrasti. Clus. Hist. 1. p. 48. Bauh. Hist. 

Vol. 1. part. 1. p. 87. Park. Theatr. 1490. f. 2. Raj. 

Hist. 2. p. 1577. 

Lamarck considered the variety with leaves quite entire at 
the margin as a distinct species, but the form of the leaves 
differs considerably in different specimens, and even on the 
same tree, not only in the margins being entire or slightly 
serrated, but in approaching more or less to a round-oval, or 
to a lanceolate form. The most remarkable circumstance in 
this species is, that in the spring it sheds the old red bark, and 
the young bark is at first green, then turns whitish, and 
afterwards to different shades of brown, and finally, on the 
approach of winter, to a deep red. 


It is sufficiently hardy to bear the cold of our ordinary 
winters without shelter, but is liable to be much defaced, and 
in severe frosts to be quite killed, as happened to a very large 
shrub of this kind which stood for many years in the Apothe- 
caries Botanic Garden at Chelsea, near the entrance. It should 
never be trusted abroad in frosty weather when young- ; and 
indeed it always appears much handsomer in the greenhouse 
or conservatory. In the late Dr. John Fothergill's green- 
house at Upton, there was one little inferior in size to that 
at Chelsea, and much more beautiful, which was sold for 
forty pounds, when this valuable collection was brought to 
the hammer. 

Produces its flowers generally in large terminal erect 
racemes, in March, April, and May, but rarely or never 
bears fruit with us. Native of the Levant and the Crimea, 
growing from the clefts of rocks. Cultivated in Dr. She- 
rard's garden at Eltham in 1724. Communicated by John 
Walker, Esq. 


( 2025 ) 

thalictrum aquilegi folium, y. formosum. 
Purple-flowering Meadow-Rue. 

■^hHhNhMhMe- ♦♦# ^NhNhHf 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 
Cal. 0. Petala 4, seu. 5. Sem. ecaudata. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Thalictrum aquilegifolium ; fructibus triangularibus pen- 
dulis, stipulis amplexicaulibus, staminibus petalis reflexis 
caducis longioribus. Supra No. 1818 ubi pete synony ma. 

(a.) album ; staminibus albis. 

((3.) incarnatum; staminibus inearnatis. Supra 1818. 

Thalictrum flore incarnate Besl. Hort. Eyst. Ord. vern. 

Thalictrum atropurpureum. Jacq. Hort. Vind. 3. t. 61. 

(y.) formosum ; staminibus intense purpureis superne dila- 
tatis. Heic, No. 2025. 

Thalictrum petaloideum. Sp. PI. 771 ? 

After all the pains that the indefatigable De Candolle has 
taken with the genus Thalictrum, we have found it very 
difficult to decide to which of his species this beautiful variety 
should be referred. It does not seem to possess any character 
by which it can be specifically distinguished from aquilegifo- 
lium, except perhaps the broader filaments ; in which respect 
it approaches to petaloideum, the stamineum of the Supple- 
mentum Plantarum of the younger Linnaeus: but this is 
described as having a close white panicle, and, what is of 
more consequence, sessile fruit. 

In foliage it corresponds with the other varieties of aquile- 
gifolium, as also in the fruit being supported on longish pedi- 
cles ; and the stipulation is precisely the same. The petals 


are four, and still more fugacious, falling off' as soon as suf- 
ficiently expanded to admit of the escape of the stamens. 

A hardy perennial ; flowers in May and June ; its native 
country unknown to us. Was communicated by Joseph Sa- 
bine, Esq. from his garden at South Mimms, who informs 
us that he received it from his friend, the Rev. John Egerton, 
who formerly lived at South Mimms, but now at Bunbury' 
in Cheshire. 


( 2026 ) 

Neottia elata. Tall Neottia. 

♦ ♦♦♦♦MM** *♦*♦»»♦♦ 

Class and Order. 

Gynandria Monandria. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. ringens : petalis exterioribus anticis labello imberbi 
suppositis, interioribus conniventibus. Columna aptera. 
Pollen farinaceum. Brown in Hort. Kew. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Neottia elata ; labello obovato emarginato, scapo vaginato, 

bracteis flore brevioribus, foliis ovatis petiolatis margine 

planis. Willd. Sp. PI. 4. p. 72. Hort Kew. ed. alt. 5. 

p. 199. Redoute Liliac. 164. 
Neottia elata. Swartz in Act. Holm. 1800. p. 226. 
Neottia minor ; foliis planis, spathis virentibus. Jacq. Col- 

led. 3. p. 172. Ic. rar. 601. Bot. Repos. 376. 
Satyrium datum ; bulbis fasciculatis crassis tomentosis, foliis 

radicalibus ovatis petiolatis, caule subnudo, nectario 

subtrilobo. Swartz Prodr. 119. 
Satyrium quintum erectum minus ; foliis tenuissimis ovatis, 

venosis, radicalibus ; scapo assurgente, subsquamoso, spi- 

cato. Brown Jam. p. 324. n. 5. 

The synonym quoted by Willdenow from Brown's His- 
tory of Jamaica cannot belong to this plant nor to the genus, 
none of the flowers of which have " Jong spurs ;" but pro- 
bably a mistake has arisen from the misprint of the number 
two, a synonym of the Orchis habenaria of, instead 
of five, which appears to us to have been most probably the 
synonym Swartz meant to have quoted, and which we have 
accordingly adopted. 

The Neottia elata is not a plant of any great beauty, but 
the whole family of Orchidea is more or less interesting, from 
the singularly various formation of the parts of fructification. 

It is a native of Jamaica and Hispaniola. Requires the 
heat of the stove. Blossoms in April, May, and June. In- 
troduced in 1790 by Mr. John Pairbairn. Communicated 
*>y John Walker, Esq. of Arno's Grove. 



( 2027 ) 

Crotalaria pulcherrima. Mysore 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Legumen turgidum, inflatum, pedicellatum. Fildmentgi 
connata cum fissura dorsali. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Crotalaria pulcherrima; caule fruticoso, foliis obovato- 
cuneatis utrinque sericeo-pubescentibus, racemis termi- 
nalibus, bracteis calycibusque coloratis, leguminibus 
sessilibus oligospermis calyce persistente tectis. 

Crotalaria pulcherrima. Roxb. Flora ind. inedit. Catal. 
of Bot. Gard. at Calcutta. 

The Crotalaria pulcherrima is a pretty shrub of low 
growth and much branched, bearing* its fine yellow flowers 
in short terminal racemes, bractcs cordate-acuminate ; calyx 
five-cleft ; segments unequal, the two upper ones being con- 
siderably the largest ; Legumes sessile, enclosed within the 
persistent calyx : seeds few, and generally only one comes to 

Native of Mysore, from whence Dr. Buchanan sent the 
seeds to the botanic garden at Calcutta. 

We were favoured with the specimen from which our 
drawing was taken by the Honourable William Herbert, 
from his collection at Spofforth, who informs us that he 
raised it from seeds he received from Calcutta, and that his 
plant of four years growth is about three feet high, and 
spreads wide, throwing out many branches, and is now more 
disposed to increase the number of these than the length. 

The flowers arc produced in the winter only, and the plant 
requires much water when in flower, drooping- whenever the 
sun shines powerfully. In the summer it does not seem to 
be so thirsty. From Dr. Roxburgh's manuscripts we learn, 
that at Calcutta it blossoms in January, and ripens its seeds 
in March. 

Mr. Herbert has received seeds of the same species from 
the Mauritius, which produced plants differing in nothing" 
from the Calcutta ones, except that the leaves of the former 
were longer and somewhat more pointed than in the latter; a 
considerable difference, in which respect we observe even in 
the specimen from which our drawing was made. 

J r, 2028. 

C 2028 ) 
Laurus Cinnamomum. Cinnamon-Tree. 

Class and Order. 

Enneandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cat 0. Cor. calycina, 6-partita. Nectarium glandulis 
tribus, bisetis, germen cingentibus. Filamenta interiora 
glandulifera, Drupa 1-sperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Laurus Cinnamomum ; foliis trinerviis ovato-oblongis : 
nervis versus apicem evanescentibus. Willd. Sp. PI. 528. 
2. p. 477. Blackw. Herb. t. 354. Bot. Repos. 596. 
Woodv. Med. Bot. 80. t. 27. Gozrtn. Sem. 2. 69. Plenck 
ic. 312. 

Laurus Cinnamomum; foliis suboppositis trinerviis ovato- 
oblongis, nervis versus apicem evanescentibus, panicula 
terminali. Lam. Encycl. 3. p. 441. Persoon Syn. 1. 

p. TTO. 

Cinnamomum foliis latis ovatis, fruffiferum. Burm. Zeylan. 

62. t. 27. 
Cinnamomum, s. Canella Zeylan ica. Bauh. Pin. 408. 
Cassia cinnamomea. Herm. Lupdb. 129. t. 655. 

In our account of Laurus Cassia, No. 1636, we have 
erroneously stated Mr. Brown's opinion to be that Laurus 
Cinnamomum and Laurus Cassia are generally distinct ; this 
iearned botanist separates Cinnamomum as a genus from 
Laurus, but considers the Cassia and the Cinnamon as spe- 
cies of the same genus. 

Laurus Cinnamomum is the tree that produces the fa» 
famed spice, the true Cinnamon, so generally admired for its 
nne aromatic pungent flavour, and held in general estimation 
both as an ingredient in cookery and in medicine. 


We have not quoted either Jacquin or Loureiro in our 
synonymy, from a doubt whether the Cinnamon of Marti- 
nique and the wild Cinnamon of Cochin-China really belong 
to this species or not 

We have formerly mentioned the liability of the leaves of 
the Cinnamon to be defaced by the scorching heat of the sun 
in our stoves ; but this defect.seems to be entirely remedied in 
Mr. Loddiges' new stove,. heated by steam, where the leaves 
are continually in high beauty. 

Native of the island of Ceylon in the East-Indies. With 
us it must be kept constantly in the stove. Flowers in June, 
July, and August, according to the Hortus Kewensis from 
December to February. Propagated by layers or cuttings. 
Cultivated by Philip Miller before 1768. Communicated 
by Messrs. Loddiges and Sons. 



( 2029 ) 

Pelargonium dasycaulon. Thick-stemmed 
Pelargonium or StorkVBill. 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cat. 5-partitus : lacinia suprema desinente in tubulum 
capillarem, nectariferum, secus pedunculum decurrentem. 
Cor. 5-petaIa, irregularis. Filam. 10, inaequalia, quorum 
3— -6 castrata. Arilli b } 1-spermi, aristati, ad basin recepta- 
culi rostrati : aristis spiralibus introrsum barbatis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Pelargonium dasycaulon ; foliis carnosis pinnatis : pinnia 
pinatifidis apice truncato-trifidis, caule crasso tuberculato. 

Pelargonium dasycaule ; foliis subbipinnatifidis, pinnulis 
oblongis obtusissimis apice trifidis, caule senecto ramoso 
crasso carnoso pedali. Haworth Succul. p. 309. 

This species is too nearly related to Pelargonium eerato- 
phyllum, (Vide No. 315) from which it differs principally 
in the leaves being more thickly pinnate, with the pinnae 
again deeply divided. 

Its native country not certainly known. Is more tender 
than most of the Cape caulescent species, and should be kept 
in the dry stove in the winter months. Flowers from July 
to December. Propagated by cuttings. Communicated by 
Messrs. Whitley, Brame, & Milne. 


( 2030 ) 
Epidendrum umbellatum. Umbelled 


C/ass *md Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

Generic Character. 

C&lumna cum ungue labelli longitudinaliter connata in 
tabum (quandoque decurrentem ovarium). Masses pollinis 
4, parallel®, septis completis persistentibus distinct®, basi 
filo granulato elastico auctse. Brown. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

•Cpidendrum umbellatum ; caule simplici, foliis oblongis 
subemarginatis, floribus in sinu folii terminalis confertis, 
lamina labelli triloba : lobo intermedio emarginato. 
Swartz Nov. Act. Ups. 6. p. 68. Prodr. 121. Wdhl 
Sp. PI. 4. p. 117. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 5. p. 218. 
Persoon fyn. 2. p. 518. Bot Reg. 80. 

Epidendrum diffbrme ; foliis caulinis oblongis, floribus 
terminalibus aggregatis, nectarii tubo longitudine corolla 
Jacq. Amer. 223, t. 126. 

Descr. Stems simple, assurgent, the lower parts covered 
oy the persistent remains of the stem-embracing- petioles. 
Leaves alternate, fleshy, oblong-oval, emarginate. Flowers 
growing in a nearly sessile umbel from the bosom of the 
uppermost leaf, green, waxen, sweet-scented. Germen 
*lub-shaped, an inch and a half in length, incurved. Five 
petals, spreading; nearly equal, internal ones narrowest, 
sides revolute. Labellum nearly circular revolute, three- 
lobed : middle lobe deeply emarginate ; column straight, 
truncated, hollowed at the point, on the under side of which only 
1 l * attached to the labellum ,• anther a deciduous operculum, 


4-celled, containing 4 pollen masses which remain attached 
to the hollow in the apex of the column, the stigma, when the 
lid falls off. 

This very rare species of EpinENORUM was communicated 
by Messrs. Loddiges and Sons, in whose stove, heated by 
steam, these plants, considered so difficult to be preserved, are 
cultivated with the greatest success. Native of Jamaica. 
Flowers in June and July. Introduced in 1793 by the 
late Vice-Admiral William Bligh in his Majesty's Ship 

JPUklf. S.UrtU 


( 2031 ) 

Gentiana crinita. Jagged-flowered 

4HMH|fr $-$-$-$ &-&~^ $-$•-$• fc -fc & 4? 4fr 

C/ass and Order. 
Pentandria Dygynia, 

Generic Character, 

Cor. l-petala. Caps. 2-valvis, 1-locularis; Receptacults 
% longitudinalibus. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Gentiana crinita; corollis quadrifidis inciso-fimbriatis, ea- 
lycibus tetragonis erectis : segmentis alternis marginatis, 
foliis lanceolatis, pedunculis unifloris. 

Gentiana crinita ; corollis quadrifidis : Iaciniis inciso-ciliatis, 
foliis lanceolatis acutis, caule erecto tereti. Froclick 
Gent. p. 112. n. 44. Willd. Sp. PL I. p. 1352. Per- 
soon Syn. 1. p. 287, 

Gentiana crinita ; caule tereti, ramis elongatis unifloris, 
foliis lanceolatis acutis, corollis 4-fidis : Iaciniis obovatis 
inciso-ciliatis, plicis interioribus simplicibus. Pursh Ft. 
Am. Sept. 1. p. 185. 

Gentiana fimbriata. Bot. Repos. 509. 

We were favoured with this very beautiful Gentian by 
Mr. William Kent, from his fine collection at Clapton, in 
August last. 

At No. 639 of this work we have given a figure of a species 
of Gentian from Siberia, under the name of ciliata ; in our 
account of which we mentioned our doubt, whether the 
European, Asiatic, and American varieties, might not be 
distinct species, we have since been informed by Dr. T. 
Fischer of Gorenki, that the species there figured is certainly 


Gextiana barbata, and different from ciliata. The true 
Gentiana ciliata, native of the South of Europe, is probably 
not to be found in America at all ; our present plant is indi- 
genous to North-America, from New-York to Carolina. The 
flowers are considerably larger than those of barbata, of a 
fine sky-blue, and the petals are covered along the whole 
margin with a beautiful waving fringe, 

A hardy perennial. Flowers in August and September. 
Propagated by seeds or parting its roots. Introduced in 1804. 

We know of no representation of this plant but the one 
done from very imperfect seedling specimens with one flower, 
in the Botanist's Repository, which we should hardly have 
taken for the same plant, had it not been quoted by Pursh. 

( 2032 ) 
Nerium odorum, y. Carneum. 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Contorta. Folliculi 2, erecti. Semina extremitate supe- 
Viori comosa. Cor. hypocrateriformis : faux coronata squamif 
quinque, divisis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Nerium odorum ; foliis lineari-lanceolatis ternis, foliolis 
calycinis erectis, nectariis multipartitis : laciniis filifor- 
mibus. Hort. Kew. ed, I. 2. p. 67. Synonyma supra, 
No. 1799 petenda. 

Carneum ; Jloribus carneis, nectariis ad dimidium fere 
integris superne laceris : segmentis Jiliformibus foliis 

Nerium flore carneo. Weinm. Phyt. v. 4. t. 755. ? 

Belutta-Areli Hort. Malab. 9. p. 3. t. 2 ? 

The more we consider the varieties of Nerium oleander 
and odorum, the more difficulty we find in distinguishing the 
species, and we are inclined to think that after all perhaps 
Linnaeus was right in considering these plants as mere varie- 
ties. Lamarck supposed that he found a specific distinction 
in the arista of the anther, being bearded in the latter and 
smooth in the former, in addition to the difference in the 
corona or nectarium pointed out by Solander, in the first 
edition of Aiton's Hortus Kewensis ; but we do not find that 
this distinction holds good, the termination of the anther being 
hairy in both : and if the difference of the corona or nectarium 
is sufficient to establish a specific distinction, our plant may 
be considered as distinct from both, being more unlike in this 


respect (o either than they arc to one another. This part 
in our plant consisted of five strap-like laciniae, quite entire 
nearly half-way up, and then uniformly divided into a filiform 

The double variety given above (No. 1799) from the 
breadth of its leaves and more robust habit, is supposed by 
many to belong to the European plant; but its history points 
out an Indian origin, and there can be no doubt of its being 
the same as the Tsjovanna-Areli of the Hortus Malabaricus*. 

The flowers of our plant were delightfully fragrant, more 
so than we have observed in any other variety. 

Perhaps we ought rather to have considered this as variety 
m. of Nerium odorum, which is said to vary in the colour of 
its flowers, but on account of the remarkable corona, we 
have preferred giving it as a distinct variety : but it remains 
to be examined whether this part is constant in the different 
varieties or species. 

Communicated by Mr. William Kent, of Clapton, who 
raised it from cuttings brought to him by a friend from 

* Tn the account of the two first species of Nerium, in Willdenow's 
edition of the Species Plantarum, there are two error?, one of which has 
been followed by most succeeding writers. The note to the first species, 
Nerium oleander, belongs to variety (3 of the second. Tab. 1. and 2. of the 
'Jth volume of the Hortus Malabaricus are misquoted ; tab. 1. belongs t« 
variety £, tab. % to the single variety. 


( 2033 ) 


»»'♦♦» »»»»♦ $♦»♦»♦»» 

Class and Order. 
Decandria Monogtnia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. superus : tubo longissimo, 5-fido. Petala h, fauri 
calycis inserta, marcescentia. Stam. 10. in duplici serie. 
Drupa 5-angularis. 

Specific Name and Synonyms. 

Quisqualis indica. Sp. PI. 556. RumpL Amboyn. 5. p. 

71. t 38. Willd. Sp. PL 2. p. 579. Pcrsoon Sun. 

I. p.470. Lamarck III, t. 357. 
Quisqualis glabra. Iform. /rcd /?. 104. t. 28. / 2. 
Quisqualis pubescens. Burm, Ind. p. 104. t 35. / 2. 
Udani Malayensibus. 

The smooth and pubescent varieties of Burman appear to 
be the same. 

The fanciful name of Quis Qualis was given to this plant 
by Rumphius, which has been since joined into one word. 
The Malays call it Udani. The account which this author 
gives of it is very curious ; the young plant, he observes, 
grew up into an upright shrub, about three feet high, with 
few and irregular branches, and scattered leaves without 
order. After six months it put forth from the root a runner 
much stouter than the principal stem of the first shrub, which, 
climbed up the neighbouring trees, throwing cut branches, 
twisted in and out in all directions, but not twining round 
their supporters ; afte/ the appearance of this shoot the 
original shrub ceased to grow and finally perished. Before it 
divided into branches the leaves of the new shoot grew by 
threes, one of which was always a little higher up than the 
other two, and towards the top the leaves became more 
distant, till they became solitary ; the leaves falling off the 


persistent footstalks changed to thick strong spines. From the 
axils of these leaves other branches grew, some with opposite 
and others with alternate leaves; and from the extreme 
branches the flowers are produced in a sort of umbel or cyme, 
or solitary from the axils of the upper leaves. 

The calyx is a very long tube, in the faux of which the 
petals are inserted alternating with the segments of the calyx ; 
stamens ten, inserted into the tube of the calyx in two rows. 
Germen inferior, one-celled, five cornered. When the petak 
first expand they are perfectly white, but soon change to a 
flesh colour, and finally to blood-red. Rumphius observes 
that in the morning the flowers are white, reddish at noon, 
rose-coloured in the evening, and the next day blood-red. 
The changes in our plant were not quite so rapid. 

Jussieu, in conformity to Linn.<eus's opinion, has united 
Quisqualis to his natural order of Thymelece, to which 
order it has certainly a near affinity in the one-celled germen, 
tubular calyx, and marcescent petals, inserted in the calyx, 
having the same relation to it as the squamae in Gnidia, &c. 
But in the ThymelecE the germen is superior, the calyx being 
in no part adherent : whereas in Quisqualis the calyx 
adheres to the germen. It is perhaps on this account chiefly 
that Mr. Brown unites it with his order of Combretacece. 

This plant, with some others of the same natural order, 
affords, as Mr. Brown has remarked, a strong argument in 
favour of Jussieu's doctrine respecting calyx and corolla. 

The natives make great use of this plant. The young 
leaves, which have a warm pungent taste like radish, are 
eaten raw, either by themselves or mixed with lettuce ; they 
likewise enter into various compositions for medical purposes. 
The unripe fruit is a very efficacious remedy for worms, and 
what is remarkable, the ripe kernel, which is sweet to the taste 
like almonds, has likewise the same anthelmintic property. 
But it is observed that, though some persons, and among these 
Rumphius himself, could eat these kernels with pleasure and 
impunity, in others they soon produced nausea, followed hy a 
troublesome hickuping. Native of the East-Indies. Intro- 
duced about three years ago by Messrs. Whitley, Brame, 
and Milne, in whose stove it flowered in June last for the 
first time, and to whom we are indebted for an opportunity 
of taking a drawing of it. 

( 2034 ) 


Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. supera, 1-petala : limbo 6-partito. Bacca polysperma, 
corollas parte inferiore persistente coronata. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Curculigo latifolia ; foliis ellipticis, capitulo sessili, tubo 
floris vix longiore limbo. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 2. p. 253. 
Involucrum. Rumph. Amb. 6. p. 1 14. t. 53. 

For an account of the Genus Curculigo by Mr. Ker, con- 
sult No. 1076 of this work, where the Curculigo brevifolia 
of Hortus Kewensis is given as a variety of Curculigo or- 
chioides of Roxburgh ; but these plants are now considered 
as distinct species. 

Rumphius's name of Involucrum is a translation of the 
vulgar Malay name, signifying a wrapper, from the use the 
natives make of the leaves to wrap up fruit, fish, or other 
articles, which they carry about for sale, or send for presents ; 
to which purpose Rumphius observes they are particularly 
well adapted, being boat-shaped, narrowed at both ends, soft 
and pliable, so that they readily cover whatever is wrapped 
m them. vv 

Native of Amboyna and Poolo Pinang. Requires to be 
kept in the stove except in very warm weather. Flowers 
most part of the summer. Introduced in 1804 by Mr. John 
Allen. Communicated by Mr. Jenkins, Nurseryman, 
Oloucester-Place, New-Road. 


( 2035 ) 

Crassula falcata. Sickle-leaved 

Class and Order. 

Pentandria Pentagynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. 5-phyllus. Petala 5. Squamce 5, nectariferae ad 
basin germinis. Caps. 5. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Crassula falcata ; foliis oblongis falcatis glaucis obtusis basi 

connatis. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 2. p. 191. 
Crassula obliqua. Bot. Repos. 414. 
Crassula retroflexa. Meerb. ic.fasc. 2. p. 16. 
Rochea falcata. Plant. Grass. 103. 
Larochea falcata. Persoon Syn. 1. p. 337. 

A figure of this plant having been given by Mr. Andrews, 
in the Botanist's Repository, erroneously for Crassula 
obliqua, it is generally known by that name in our nurseries. 

The eminent botanist M. Decandolle, in his Plantes 
grasses, has separated this species and Crassula coccinca 
from the rest of the genus, and erected them into a new 
genus under the name of Rochea, altered in Persoon's 
synopsis to Larochea, being dedicated to the memory of 
M. De La Roche, author of a monograph on Ixia and Gla- 
diolus. This genus has been adopted by Mr. Haworth, 
who has doubtingly added to it three other species, but 
as all of them, as far as appears by the character, differ in 
nothing from Crassula but in the cohesion of the petals at 
their base, and the genus is not taken up in the last edition 
of the Hortus Kewensis, we have judged it better to retain 
the name given it in the last-mentioned work. 

In our specimen the nectariferous scales were quite 
obsolete, but as these make part of the character of the genus 
Larochea, the want of them is probably not general. 

A Greenhouse 

A Greenhouse shrub, or more properly kept with other 
succulents in the dry stove. Native of the Cape of Good 
Hope. Blooms at most seasons of the year. Our drawing 
was made in December. Flowers very fragrant, much 
resembling honey-suckles. Propagated by cuttings. Intro- 
duced about the year 1785. Communicated by Messrs. 
Loddiges and Sons. 


No. 381, p. 2019, 1. 21, for " Prof. James E. Smith," read « Sir 
James E. Smith." 

No. 382, p. 2025, I. 5, for " South," read " North." 

1. 7, for " South," read " North." 

p. 2028, 1. 25, for " generally," read " generically." 

:' '-:.ry. l.J&l 

( 2036 ) 



Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. 2-labiatus, Iabio inferiore diviso, striatus : fructifef", 
basi subtus gibbosus. Cor. lab. superius 3-fidum, lacinia 
media biloba : inferius Iongius, integrum (plerumque conca- 
vum). Stamina declinata, filamentis edentulis (mine basi 
connatis) : antkeris unilocularibus, imberbibus. Brown. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Plectranthus Forskohlm; fbliis carnosis ovatis rugosis in pe- 
tiolumdecurrentibus: superioribus subintegerrimis, race- 
mis verticillatis aphyllis, corollis concoloribus. 

Plectranthus Forskolcei; nectario gibboso, racemis aphyllis, 
caule aequali. Vahl Symb. 1. p. 44. fVilld. Sp. PL 3. 
p. 169. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 3. p. 425. 

Plectranthus barbatus. Bot. Repos. 594. 

Ocimum hadiense ; foliis ovatis obtusis crenatis villosis flexili- 
bus, floribus retrofractis. Forsk. Descr. 109. 

Descr. Stem frutescent at the lower part : branches 
rierbaceous, obtusely four-cornered, hairy : hairs pointing 
upwards. Leaves oval, crenate towards the apex, rugose, 
reticulately veined, seven-nerved, smooth on the upper sur- 
face, tomentose on the under; fleshy not flexile, continued 
down the petiole, which is ciliated. Raceme terminal, afoot 
long, verticillated, without bractes or floral leaves. Pedicels 
hairy, longer than the calyx. Calyx bilabiate, gibbose at 
the base, hairy : upper lip trifid. Middle segment broad, 
round -oval acuminate, 2 lateral ones very narrow, acute, 


ciliated with glandular hairs : under lip bifid., segments nar- 
row acute like the lateral segments of the upper lip, but a 
fourth part longer. Corolla ringent ; tube refracted, gibbose 
above. Upper lip short, three lobed, rounded, bearded : 
lower lip canoe-shaped, acute, hairy along the keel, contain- 
ing the stamens which are declined ; filaments not toothed, 
united half-way, inserted at the entrance of the tube : anthers 
4-lobed, one-celled. Pollen globose. During aestivation, 
that is in the bud, in its unexpanded state, the upper lip is 
superincumbent on the lower. 

Ocimum scutellarioides of which we gave some account 
at No. 1446, is certainly a congener of our present plant, 
which is undoubtedly the Plectranthus Forskohlcei of the 
Hortus Kewensis ; but we are not quite so sure that it is the 
Ocimum hadiense of Forskohl, as he distinguishes that 
species by its having flexible leaves, which in our plant are 
fleshy and brittle, corresponding better with Forskohl's 
description of the leaves of his Ocimum Zatarhendi, the 
flowers of which agree perfectly with those of our Ocimum 
scutellarioides, but not with our present plant. 

Flowers in October and November. Propagated by cut- 
tings. Native of Arabia-Felix and Abyssinia. Introduced 
in 1806 by Viscount Valentia, now Earl of Mountnorris, 
whose ardour in the pursuit of natural knowledge is well 
known. Communicated from the stove of James Vere, Esq. 
of Kensington Gore, by Mr. William Blake, his gardener. 

Obs. The leaves are extremely bitter to the taste, the calyxei 
aromatic and pungent. 

When compared with the usual form of labiate flowers, as in the 
dead-nettle for instance, the lower lip in Plectranthus corres- 
ponds with the upper in Lamium, and covers the stamens ; in like 
manner the upper lip of the former corresponds in form with the 
lower, on which account these flowers are said to be resupinate ; 
but this position of parts is natural from the first formation of the 
flower, and not as in many of the Orchis tribe, occasioned by the 
twisting of the germen or peduncle, by which means the position 
of the flower becomes changed from what it was during aestivation ; 
to which change of position some writers seem exclusively to apply 
the term resupination. 


( 2037 ) 
Stapelia stricta. Upright Stapelia 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 
Asclepiadea. Nectarium duplici stellula tegenle genitalia, 

Specific Character. 

Stapelia stricta ; corolla quinquefida : laciniis ovatis acumi- 
natisplaniusculis nudis, Ii»nlis obtusis, rostris brevissimis, 
ramis tetragonis stmplicibus strictis basi floriferis. 

There is a good deal of affinity between this species and 
divaricata. The shape and denticulation of the stems, as well 
as the colour of the corolla, are exactly similar, but in other 
respects there is great difference ; the lacinia? of the corolla 
are not ciliated in stricta, nor rolled back at the margins, nor 
so sharp pointed as in divaricata ; the peduncles are shorter 
than the flower, and grow from near the base, and the 
branches are simple and quite erect, in both which characters 
it differs widely from divaricata. 

It has been sometimes called in our collections Stapelia 
Tufa ; but lias no similarity to the rufa of Masson ; nor do 
we find that this species has been recorded by any author. 

Native of the Cape of Good-Hope. Requires a good green- 
house or dry stove. Flowers in October. Communicated 
by N. S. Hodsois, Esq. Abbey-House, Bury St. Edmunds. 



( 2038 ) 


Class and Order. 
Decandria Bigynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cat cylindrical I-phyllus, basi squamis 4. Pctafo 5, 
nnguiculata. Corps, cyliudriea, 1-locularia. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Dianthus arenarius ; caulibus subunifloris, squamis calyci- 
nis ovatis obtusis, corollis multiftdis, foliis linearibus. 
M. Suec. 343 .384. Sp. PL 58D. mild. 2. p. 681. 
Smith in Lin. Soc. Trans. 2. p. 296. 

Sir James E. Smith, in his remarks upon the genus Dian- 

thus in (he second volume of the Transactions of the Linnean 

society, observes, that Ljnneus was the only authority for 

»us plant, and that the specimen in his herbarium is from 

Sweden. In the herbarium of Sir Joseph Banks, the only 

specimen is from the collection of a Swedish botanist, which 

agrees very well with our plant, but is not very perfect. We 

have not ventured to add any of the synonyms usually affixed 

*o this species, because none of them probably are correct,, as we are informed by Smith, erased from his 

°wn copy of the species plantarum the synonyms of Bauhin 

and Clusius ; that of Dodon^eus he remarks ought also to be 

struck out, nor does he find any good reason to depend upon 

those of Le Monnier and Sauvages ; and that of Scopoli, 

since added, must certainly share the fete of Clusius's. 

Unwilling to run the risk of misleading with reg-ard to a 
species so rare and so little understood by botanists in general, 
we have applied to our friend, the president of the Linnean 
^oeiety, who is always ready to lend his assistance in esta- 
blishing the Linnean species ; and we have had the satisfaction 
°r learning- from him that our present subject is certainly the 
wianthls arenarius of Linn^i s. 


The plant divides immediately from the root into a number 
of woody branches, terminated by fasciculated leaves, from 
the centre of whjch a single stem proceeds, bearing seldom 
more than two flowers, which are white : the petals are mi- 
nutely cut to below the middle, and are marked with a faint 
greenish spot, covered with short dark purple hairs. 

A hardy perennial. Flowers in August. Communicate^ 
ty Mr. William Kent, from his collection at Clapton. 


( 2039 ) 

Dianthus Carthusianorum, /3. Carthusian 


Class and Order. 
Decandria Digynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. cylindricus, 1-phyllus : basi squamis 4. Petala 5, 
nnguiculata. Caps, cylindrica, 1-locularis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Dianthus carthusianorum ; floribus subaggregatis, squamis 
calycinis aristatis tubo brevioribus, foliis lineanbus tri- 
nerviis. Smith in Lin. Soc. Trans. 2. p. 299. 

Dianthus carthusianorum; floribus subaggregatis, squamis 
calycinis ovatis aristatis tubo brevioribus, inyolucro ob- 
longo aristato capitulo breviore, foliis linearibus triner- 
viis. Willd. Sp. PI. 2. p. 671. 

Dianthus carthusianorum. Hort. Ups. 105. Pollich Pal. 
n. 409. 

(a.) floribus subaggregatis, capitulis compositis. 

Caryophyllus montana I. Tabern. 287. cd. Germ. 668. 

(f3.) floribus aggregatis capitatis, foliis uninerviis. 

Caryophyllus sylvestris flore rubro plurimo de summa caulc 
prodeunte. Seguier Veron. v. I. p. 434. t. 7. /. 2. 

Caryophyllus arvensis, calyculo florum numeroso. Loes. 

Dianthus. Carthusianorum. Kniph. Cent. 7. n. 22. 

Dianthus atrorubens, Jacquini ? 

Descr. Stems upright, a foot and a half high, simple, 
nearly smooth, though some roughness may be felt by the lips. 
Leaves linear-lanceolate, acute, without evident lateral nerves, 


but striated when dry, rough at the margins, pairs more dis- 
tant at the upper part of the stem. Flowers collected into a 
close capitulurn, eight or twelve together, but seldom moFe 
than one or two are expanded at the same time. Involucrum 
of several oblong oval leaflets, with a membranous margin, and 
an awn growing from a little below the point, somewhat shorter 
than the capitulurn : scales of the calyx ovate, awned, of a 
dark purplish rusty colour, shorter than the tube : segments 
erect, acute. Claws of the petals very long : limb wedge- 
shaped, serrated at the tip, of a rich purple colour, larger than 
those of the Sweet William. 

When we gave the Dianthus figured at No. 1775 for the 
etrorubens of Jacquin, we had not seen this plant, which we 
now think more resembles his figure than that, at least in the 
form and colour of the involucrum. Perhaps they may be all 
considered as varieties of Dunthus carthusianorum, of which 
species we have no doubt our present plant is the variety (3 of 
the species Plantarum, and as such we find it recorded in the 
Banksian herbarium. This variety seems however to be 
constant in having the flowers sessile in a terminal capitulurn, 
and the character of " floribus sw^-aggregatis" applies to the 
variety a. only, being in no species more perfectly aggregate 
than in this. In our plant the leaves are not evidently 
3-nervcd. These characters may be sufficient to distinguish 
it as a species from variety « ; and perhaps we should have 
done right in applying the name of atrorubens to this, rather 
than to the one we have so denominated, which differs from 
this in the smaller size and greater number of flowers in the 
gftjne capitulurn ; in the involucrum being much larger and 
longer, with the lower leafiets embracing the whole base of 
the capitulurn and extending beyond it; in all which respects 
it recedes from our plant, and agrees with the specimens of 
Dialthvs ferrugineus preserved in the Banksian Herbarium. 
We hope to have another opportunity of illustrating the varie- 
ties of Dianthus carthusianorum. 

A hardy perennial or rather biennial, propagated by slips 
or by seeds. Flowers in August and September. Communi- 
cated by Mr. Jenkins, from his Botanic Garden, Gloucester- 
Place, New-Road. 

J r 2040. 

• i i.xSi^. 

( 2040 ) 

Stevia pedata. Seven-cleft Stevia. 

♦ M $6 $ $i$ » » j $ $ » fr 

Class and Order. 
Syngenesia Polygamia iEQUALIS. 

Generic Character. 

Recept. nudum. Pappus paleaceus. Cal. cylindraceus 
ex simplici foliolorum serie. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Stevia pedata; herbacea, foliis petiolatis digitato-pedatis 

integerrimis, pappo paleaceo asquali. 
Stevia pedata; Willd. Sp. PL 3. p. 1776. Hort. Kew. ed. 

alt. 4. p. 510. Cavan. Ic. 4. p. 33. t. 356. 
Hymenopappus pedatus. Lagasca Hort. Matrit. 

Descr. Stem erect, somewhat hispid, branched towards the 
top. Leaves alternate, pedate, generally seven cleft: leaflets 
linear, quite entire, margins revolute. Petiole channelled, triiid 
at the point, the middle segment carrying one, the two lateral 
ones generally three leaflets. Flowers grow in a lax corymb, 
terminating branchlets mostly .S-flowered. Calyx of a simple 
series of carinated leaflets, each embracing a floret. Florets 
all tubular, white, limb 5-cleft, twisted. Anthers dark purple. 
Germens angular obconical : Pappus many leaved, membra- 
naceous, regular, and even at top : Stigmas white, revolute. 
Receptacle honey-combed. 

A hardy annual. Native of Mexico. Flowers from July 
to the end of September. Introduced in 1803 by Sir James 
E. Smith. Our drawing was made from a specimen com- 
municated by Messrs. Whitley, Milne, and Co. We 
received the same also from A. B. Lambert, Esq. out of his 
collection at Boyton. 


( 2041 ) 

Passiflora quadrangularis. Square- 
stalked Passion-flower. 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-partitus, coloratus. Cor. 5-petaIa, calyci inserta. 
Nectar, corona filamentosa. Pepo pedicellata. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Passiflora quadrangularis ; foliis oblongo-ovatis subcordatis 
integerrimis venosis, petiolis sex-glandulosis, stipulis sub- 
rotundo-ovatis, involucro triphyllo, caule membranaceo 
tetragono. Willd. Sp. PL 3. p. 60S. Persoon Syn. 2. 
p. 219. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 4. p. 148. 

Passiflora quadrangularis ; foliis indivisis ovalibus subcor- 
datis glabris multinerviis, petiolis sex-glandulosis, caule 
membranaceo tetragono, stipulis ovali-oblongis. Hort. 
Kew. ed. l ma - 3. p. 306. Bot. Reg. 14. 

Passiflora quadrangularis. Spec. PL 1356. Jacq. Amer. 
p. 231. t. 143. Swartz Obss. 332. Cav. Diss. 10. p. 
453. t.283. Sowerby in Lin. Soc. Trans. 2. p. 21. t.3. 
f. a. Miss Lawrence's Passion Flower. 

Stem winged, 4- sided, climbing. Leaves alternate, oval, 
subcordate, smooth, reticulately veined underneath. Stipules 
oblong-oval, oblique. Petioles channelled, . bearing three 
pair of glands. Peduncles solitary, one flowered, opposite the 
petiole, with a tendril between them. Involucrum of three 
roundish obtuse leaves, overlapping one another at the base, 
close to the flower. Calyx or outer segments thick, spongy, 
three-nerved, green without and white within. Corolla or 
inner segments of the calyx equal to the outer, white without, 


pale red within. Exterior rays of the nectarium longer than 
the petals, variegated : middle rays very short, white : infe- 
rior ones twice as long, converging round the column. 
Filaments spotted : Anthers white : Germen oblong-oval, 
white. Styles purplish : Stigmas 3-lobed, large, very white. 
(Swartz describes them as black). 

Cultivated in gardens in the West-Indies, but whether 
indigenous there seems doubtful. The fruit is as large as a 
swan's egg ; its pulp is eaten with wine, either with or with- 
out the seeds, and much esteemed for its supposed cooling 
quality. Prom its quick growth and thick foliage, it is well 
suited for forming arbours and covered walks, but Jacquin 
observes that they are apt to be infested by venomous serpents, 
who choose the Passion-flowers, more especially this species 
and the laurel-leaved, for their abode, well knowing that their 
favourite prey, the squirrels, no where more abound, these 
animals being fond of these fruits. 

Requires the constant protection of the stove, of which it 
is one of the greatest ornaments. Propagated by cuttings or 
by seeds, which last are seldom produced here. Flowers in 
August and September. Communicated by Mr. Blare, from 
the very curious collection of James Vere, Esq. Kensington- 


( 2042 ) 

Chrysanthemum indicum. 0. Changeable 
white Indian Chrysanthemum. 

ft $ M ♦ ♦ M M M ♦ ♦ ♦§ t ♦ 

CZass and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Recept. nudum. Pappus nullus. Cal. hemisphaericus, 
imbricatus : squamis marginalibus membranaceis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Chrysanthemum indicum ; foliis simplicibus ovatis sinuatis 

angulatis serratis acutis. Sp. PL 1253. Curt. Magaz. 

Chrysanthemum indicum ; foliis ovatis basi attenuatis trilobis 

dentatis, caule ramoso, ramis uniiioris. Willd. Sp. PL 

3. p. 2147. 
Chrysanthemum indicum; foliis subpalmatis sinuato-Iobatis 

dentatis stipulatis, caule ramoso, ramis unifloris, calycis 

squamis rotundatis. Persoon Syn, 2. p. 461. 
Chrysanthemum purpureum. Idem l. c. 
Anthemis artemisiafolia; foliis petiolatis sinuato pinnatifidis 

dentatis subtus incanis, caule fruticoso. Willd. Sp. PL 

3. p. 2184. Ejusdem Enum. p. 911. 
Anthemis grandiflora. Ramatuelle in Journ. d'Hist. nat .2. 

p. 234. 
Anthemis stipulacea. Mocnch Suppl. Mcth. P1.2Z8. 
Matricaria sinensis, Serune. Rumph. Amb. 5. p. 259. t. 

91. f. 1. 
Tsjetti-pu. Hart. Malab. 10. p. 87. t. 44. 

At the time the purple Chrysanthemum indicum was 
published, no other variety was known in this country ; but 
many have been since imported from China. For the 
following list of the varieties at present known in our gardens, 


as well for the Communication of the specimen from which our 
drawing; was taken, we are indebted to Joseph Sabine, Esq. 
of North Mimras. 

(*.) Purple. Bot. Mag. 327. 

(0.) Changeable white. Bot. Mag. 2042. 

(y.) Quilled white. Bot. Reg. 4. 

(I) Tasseled white. 

(e.) Superb white. 

(£) Quilled yellow. 

(»?.) Sulphur yellow. 

(^.) Golden yellow. BoL Reg. 4. 

(*.) Large lilac. 

(x.j Buff or orange. 

(a.) Rose or pink. 

(/a.) Spanish brown. 

Willdenow has supposed that the Chrysanthemum 
indicum of Linnaeus is not the same species with our plant, 
but we see no reason to believe that they are distinct. The 
chaffy receptacle which is sometimes at least observed in our 
cultivated plants, has occasioned it to be ranked with 
Anthemis, but the constancy of this character has not, we 
believe, been as yet ascertained. 

Most of the above varieties seem to be permanent ; but 
some of them, we are told, are liable to change their colour 
from change of soil and situation ; and the one here figured 
has certainly this tendency, and owes the rich colour of the 
inner petals to its having been planted in a warm situation, 
where it was exposed to a very burning sun ; and may there- 
fore be expected, under different circumstances, to return 
again to its original white. 

Since our present subject was drawn, and in the hands of 
the engraver, we received from Messrs. Barr and Brookes, 
of the Northampton Nursery, a specimen of a newly imported 
white variety, which in size and form of the flower far sur- 
passes any that we have before seen. It exceeded four inches 
in diameter, was extremely double and perfectly formed ; the 
hgulse cruilled at the lower halt; and spreading above ; the 
petals towards the centre tinged of a lemon colour, shaded off 
to a pure white, and contrary to the usual mode, the points 
of the petals, except the outer rows, were curved inwards 
towards the centre. When fully expanded a few of the per- 
fect florets of the disk were exposed to view, the bright yellow 
colour of which added to the beauty of the whole : "this is the 
variety i. in the above list. 


( 2043 ) 
Ilex chinensis. Chinese Holly. 


Class and Order. 
Tetrandria Tetragynia. 

Generic Character. 
Cal. 4-dentatus. Cor. rotata. Stylus 0. Bacca 4-sperma. 

Specific Character. 

Ilex chinensis ; foliis ovato-lanceolatis marginatis denticula- 
tis : dentibus cartilagineis vix pungentibus, corymbis 
pedunculatis dichotomis. 

Descr. An evergreen shrub, three feet high, but proba- 
bly of much loftier growth. Leaves ovate-lanceolate, with 
a cartilaginous margin, upper ones quite entire, lower ones 
denticulate, especially toward the point : teeth, except a few 
at the point, not pungent ; leaves reticulately veined, spotted 
with small dark dots which disappear in drying, midrib villous. 
Peduncles alternate, both axillary and extrafoliaceous, bearing 
small white flowers in compact dichotomous corymbs. 

Our drawing was made at Messrs. Malcolm and Sweet's 
nursery, in July 1814, from a plant which we are informed 
by Mr. Sweet was imported from China. 


( 2044 } 

Cotyledon curviflora. Bent- flowered 

♦ #♦■♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ <f> ♦ ♦ #♦ ♦ > # 

Class and Order. 
Decandria Pentagynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-fidus. Cor. 1-petala. Squamce nectariferae 5, ad 
basin germinis. Caps. 5. 

Specific Character. 

Cotyledon curviflora ; fruticosa, foliis semicylindricis spar- 
sis, floribus paniculatis nutantibus, calycibus laxis, tubo 
corollse pentagono incurvo. 

Cotyledon purpurea ; foliis lineari-oblongis carnosis glabris, 
floribus paniculatis. Thunb. prodr. S3 ? 

The Cotyledon curviflora appears to us to be an unde- 
scribed species, unless it should be Thunberg's purpurea, 
which does not seem very probable, because neither the llovvers 
nor leaves are of that colour. There is a species figured by 
Burmann which has flowers not unlike those of our plant, 
but which are said to be erect, and the flowering- stem is 
represented to be pubescent. 

The stem is fleshy, rough with the vestiges of former 
leaves. From the extremities of the thick branches shoot 
straight, rounded, smooth, flowering stems, clothed with 
scattered fleshy, linear, semicylindrical leaves, and bearing 
a few flowered panicle at the extremity. The peduncles are 
twisted in a fantastical manner. Calyx large, lax, of five 
unequal fleshy leaflets. Corolla tnbular, yellow, streaked 
with red : lube above an inch long, curved, somewhat inflated 


upwards : limb not a third part the length of the tube, 5-cleft : 
laciniae acute, reflexed but not rolled back. Filaments 
thickened at the base, villous. Styles longer than the 

Communicated by Messrs. Whitley, Brames, and Milne, 
in October. Native of the Cape of Good-Hope, from wiience 
it was brought two years ago oy Mrs. Stuart, on her passage 
from the East-Indies. 


( 2045 ) 

Tagetes tenui folia. Fine-leaved Tagetes 
or Peruvian Marygold. 

Class and Order. 
Syngenesia Superflua. 

Generic Character. 

Recept. nudum. Pappus aristis 5, erectis. Cal. simplex, 
1-piiyllus, 5-dentatus, tubulosus. Flosculi radii 5, per- 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Tagetes tenuifolia ; foliis pinnatis, foliolis linearibus serratis, 
serraturis inferioribus elongatis, caulepaniculato, pedun- 
culis alternis unifloris, calycibus clavatis. Willd. Sp 
PL 3. p. 2128. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 5. p. 89. 

Tagetes tenuifolia; caule ramoso, floribus patulis sub- 
corymbosis, pedunculis foliosis. Cav. ic. 2. ». 54. 
t. 169. * 

Descr. Stem branched, erect. Leases opposite below, alter- 
nate above, pinnate, with leaflets very narrow, deeply dentate, 
mostly alternate. Flowers in a lax corymb. Peduncles one- 
flowered. Calyx simple, tubular, obovate, five-angled, five- 
toothed. Radius 5-flowered, tube filiform : limb 2-nerved, 
o- toothed, folded back; teeth very obtuse : Germen rough : 
pappus paleaceous. Tube of the florets of the disk filiform : 
limb 4-cleft : Receptacle hemispherical, punctate. Taste 
of the leaves nauseous with a slight mixture of aromatic. 

It appears by a specimen preserved in the Banksian herba- 
rium, that this species was cultivated by Mr. William 
Malcolm in 1797, but being an annual and flowering late, it 


was probably soon lost. Mr. Lambert raised it last year in 
his garden at Boyton, and sent us specimens of it late in 


To procure ripe seeds, it should, like other tender annuals, 
be raised under a frame in the spring, and planted out late in 
May. From the delicacy of its foliage it is well suited for 
ornamental flower vases, as it lives well in water. 

( 2046 ) 

Arabis caucasica. Early-flowering 

Class and Order. 
Tetradynamia Siliquosa. 

Generic Character. 

Siliqua linearis stigmate subsessili coronata : valvis venosis 
vel nervosis. Semina uniseriata. Cotyledones accumbentcs, 
Cal. erectus. Brown in Hort. Kew. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Arabis caucasica; foliis spathulato-oblongis canescentibus 
aequaliter grosse dentatis : caulinis sagittato-amplexicau- 
libus basi integerrimis. Willd. Enum. SuppL p. 45. 

This species is very nearly related to Arabis alpina (supra 
225), but at the same time is sufficiently distinct, being alto- 
gether more canescent, cauline leaves sagittate at the base, and 
having only two, or rarely three, equal, coarse teeth, on each 
side towards the point, the rest of the leaf being quite entire. 
It flowers very early in the spring, and continues to blossom 
throughout the summer. 

Communicated by Messrs. Whitley, Brames, and Milne, 
of the Fulham Nursery. 


( 2047 ) 

Camellia axillaris. Axillary- flowering 


Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 
Cal. imbricatus, polyphyllus : foliolis interioribus majoribus. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Camellia axillaris ; foliis obovato-oblongis serratis : supe- 

rioribus integerrimis, floribus solitariis subsessilibus tetra- 

Camellia axillaris ; arborea, foliis oblongis acutis serrulatis, 

pedunculis axillaribus solitariis unifloris, calyce 5 — 6- 

phyllo villoso. Ind. inedit. 

Descr. Flowers solitary, axillary, in our specimen nearly 
terminal. Calyx of five leaves, obcordate, sphacelated at the 
tip, imbricate. Corolla five-petaled: petals obcordate, yel- 
lowish white, partly crumpled. Stamens very many, yellow : 
filaments unequal, connected at the base, falling off with, 
and holding- the petals together: anthers ovate, versatile. 
Germen subglobular, four-celled : style erect, shorter than 
the longer stamens ; stigmas four, divaricate. Properly in- 
deed there are four styles closely approximate but separable 
without tearing ! The lower leaves are serrate, the upper 
quite entire. 

Whether the germen is constantly four-celled, we have not 
yet had an opportunity of ascertaining. 

An evergreen shrub. Appears to be rather more impatient 
of cold than the other Camellias, but Mr. Milne thinks it will 
succeed very well in a good conservatory. 

Has been several years in the Fulham Nursery, and is 
supposed to have been brought from China by Mr. Robarts, 
and presented by him to Messrs. Whitley, Brames, and 
Milne, with other Camellias. #It flowered for the first time 

D ecember last. 


( 2048 ) 
Gerardia purpurea. Purple Gerardia. 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-fidus. Cor. 2-labiata : labio inf. 3-partito : Iobis 
emarginatis : medio bi-partito. Caps. 3-locularis, dehiscens. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Gerardia purpurea ; foliis linearibus integerrimis, floribu* 
subsessilibus. Hort. Keiv. ed. alt. 4. p. 6 

Gerardia purpurea ; foliis lmearibus. Sp. PL b48. Willd. 
S. p. 221. Persoon Syn. 2. p. 154. Gron. Virg. ed. 

4to 93 
Gerardia purpurea. Pursh Fl. Am. Sept. p. 422. Nuttall 

Gen. it Spec. 2. p. 46. Michaux Fl. Bor. Am. 2. p. 19. 
Digitalis foliis linearibus, floribus remotis. bt. Virg. 

ed. Svo. 169. . . _. . . . 

Digitalis virginiana rubra, foliis et facie Antirrhini vulgaris. 

Pluk. Mant. 65. t. 388. 

Mr. Nuttall has very properly remarked that the above 
generic character excludes the American species which ap- 
proximate the genus Digitalis. The variety ot Fubsh, 
Mr. Nuttall describes as a distinct species under the name 
of maritima, and we are not sure that our plant, trom its 
pubescent pale coloured corolla, does not belong to mis. 

Gerardia purpurea seems to be rather a tender than 
hardy annual. Native of North-America from Canada to the 
Southern States. There is a specimen collected in the former 
country, by Mr. Francis Masson, preserved in the Banks an 
Herbarium ; and Mr. John Fraser, to whom we are indebted 
for the communication of the plant from which our drawing 


was taken, frequently met with it growing in low marshy 
situations from the state of Connecticut to South Carolina. 
Seeds collected in Canada would probably produce more hardy 
plants than those from a more southern climate. 

Introduced to the Kew Garden in 1772, by Dr. Samuel 
Martin ; but is very rarely met with in our collections ; nor 
do we know of any figure of it having ever been given to the 
public, except the very imperfect one by Plurenet. 

Flowered at Kew in July and August, but our plant did 
not blossom till October, too late to expect ripe seeds. 


( 2049 ) 

Ruscus Hypophyllum. Broad-leaved 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Masc. Cat. 6-phyllus. Cor. 0. Nectarium centrale 
ovatum, apice perforatum. ' 

Fem. Cat. Cor. et Nectarium Maris. Styl 1. Bacca 
tnlocularis. Sent, solitaria. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Ruscus Hypophyllum ; foliis subtus floriferis nudis. Willd 
Sp. PL 4. p. 875. Arb. 329. Hort. Cliff. 465* 
Fabric. Helmst. 39. Persoon Syn. 2. p. 636. Pallas 
Ross. p. 89. sine icone. Desfont. Atl. 2. p. 374. Hort 
Kew. 5. p. 420. 

Laurus Alexandria fructu folio insidente. Bauh. Pin 305 
Blackw. Herb. t. 194. 

Laurus Alexandria et Chamaedaphne. Column. Ecphr 
pars. 1. p. 164. t. 165. / 1. Park, theatr. p. 700 /: 
1. et 2. J 

Descr. Branches rounded, striate, becoming angular by 
drying. Leaves approaching- to opposite, ovate, entire, seven- 
nerved, with fainter nerves between. Stipules leaf-like, ovate, 
naif an inch long. Flowers aggregate from the middle of the 
ieat, not absolutely naked, having a small lanceolate marcescent 
and deciduous ligulaat the base of the common peduncle ; the 

1 ft nC u 1S covered with sma11 dr y bractes. Corolla six 

ett ; three of the laciniae broader, reflexed ; three narrower, 

da* ■ 9 olumn of united stamens {nectarium of Linnaeus) 

starn VI m Sti S ma globular, scarcely protruded beyond the 

mens - There appeared to us to be at least some perfect 


anthers, which is confirmed by the perfect maturity of the 
fruit upon a solitary plant. Berry spherical, three celled: 
each cell containing one seed completely filling its cavity. 

By the older botanists Ruscus Hypophyllum and Kuscus 
Hypoglossum, were generally confounded, but they were well 
distinguished by the accurate figures of Fabius Column a. 

Native of Italy and of Russia. Generally kept in the 
Greenhouse., where it flowers most part of the summer, bear- 
ing ripe fruit at the same time. Communicated by Mr. 
William Kent, of Clapton, 


( 2050 ) 



Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cat 5-fidus, cyathiformis. Cor. fauce campanulata, 5-fida, 
subtus ventricosa. Siliqua bilocularis. Sem. membranaceo- 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

fciGNONiA venusta ; scandens, foliis ternatis, cirrhis diphyllis, 
foliolis ovatis acuminatis, pedunculis corymboso-race- 
mosis terminalibus, calycibus integris denticulatis. 

Bignonia venusta, scandens; foliis glabris, inferioribus ter- 
natis ecirrhosis, superioribus conjugatis cirrhosis, foliolis, 
oblongo-ovatis acuminatis basi inaequilateri-obliquis, pe- 
tiolis intus villosis ; calyce brevi cylindrico-rotato aequali 
denticulis quinque teretibus villosis invicem distantibus, 
pedunculis corymboso-plurifloris. Bot. Reg. 249. 

Big noma spectabilis. Vahl. Symb. 3. p. 80 ? 

Descr. Stem climbing, fluted. Leaves opposite, ternate : 
leaflets ovate-acuminate, quite smooth. Towards the extre- 
mities of the branches the terminal leaflet is converted into a 
tendril, either simple or branched at the end. Floicers in 
terminal corymbose racemes, mostly drooping, lower pedi- 
cles opposite. Calyx very small in proportion to the flower, 
cup-shaped, entire at the margin, except five, small, villous, 
rounded teeth. Corolla tubular : tube two or three inches 
long, dilated and curved upwards : limb bilabiate, upper lip 
kind, lozcer lip 3-cleft : latin ia; oblong, obtuse, with a villous 


margin. Stamens four, didynamous, inserted into the tube : 
the longer filaments nearly reach to the point of the lacinias 
of the upper lip, the shorter ones to their base only. Anthers 
versatile; pendulous, being- inserted into the filament near to 
one end : lobes distinct and finally diverging, bursting late- 
rally the whole length. Germen linear, inserted into a fleshy 
cylindrical receptacle. Style nearly equal to the stamens : 
stigma lozenge-shaped, consisting of two plates, which before 
efflorescence diverge at the point, but are afterwards closely 
applied together. 

We do not know that this very ornamental species of Big- 
nonia has been any where described, except in the Botanical 
Register above quoted ; but we are not without some suspi- 
cion that it may be the same, as the Bignonia spcctabilis 
of Vahl, a native of the island of St. Croix in the West- 
Indies ; for as that botanist had only dried specimens to de- 
scribe from, he might easily be deceived in the colour of the 
flower, and the minute teeth of the calyx might escape notice : 
in other respects his description, as far as it goes, corresponds 
very well with our plant. 

Native of the Brazils. Communicated by Mr. William 
Smith, who has the care of Lord Liverpool's garden at 
Combe-Wood ; he at the same time informed us, that the 
plant was sent from the Brazils to his Lordship by Sir Johx 
Beresford in 1815 : and that it flowered for the first time hj 
1817. He recommends it to be kept in the dry stove. 


( 2051 ) 

Helianthus angustifolius. Narrow- 
leaved Sun-Flower. 

♦♦frfrU M ♦ ♦ $ » ♦ M iMu MhE- 

Class and Order. 
Syngenesia Polygamia Frustranea. 

Generic Character. 

Recept. paleaceum, planum. Pappus diphyllus. Cat 
imbricatus, subsquarrosus. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Helianthus angustifolius ; caulibus gracilibus paucifloris, 

foliis altemis linearibus margine revolutis. 
Helianthus angustifolius. Willd. Sp. PI. 3. p. 2244. Hort. 

Keic. ed. alt. b.p. 129. Pursh fl. amer. sept. 2. p. 572. 

Michaux fl. amer. bor. 2. p. 141. Persoon Syn. 2. 

p. 476. Meerb. ic. 1. t. 49. 
Rudbecria angustifolia ; foliis oppositis linearibus,, integer- 

rimis. Sp. PL 1281. Willd. 3. p. 2050. Persoon 

Syn. 2. p. 4770. 
Coreopsis foliis linearibus integerrimis. Gron. Virg. ed 1 

p. 181. Millie, t. 224. f.2. 
Flos Solis marianus, foliis alternis angustissimis scabris. 

Petw. Mus. 644. 

Descr. Stem two feet high, hispid. Leaves alternate, 
linear, with the margins rolled back, rough. Peduncles long, 
one-flowered, rough. Calyx squarrose; leaflets subequal, 
lanceolate, acuminate, hairy. Receptacle conical, paleaceous : 
palea; embracing the florets. Pappus of two bristle-like 
paleas. Ray deep yellow, very long in proportion to the 
brown-purple disk, 

Helianthus angustifolius and Rudbeckia angustifolia 
appear to be the same species, one of them ought therefore 


to be expunged. We should have preferred uniting" this plant 
to the latter ; but both Pursh and the author of the Hortus 
Kewensis have arranged it with Helianthus. 

Perennial ; not very hardy. Native of Carolina. Flowers 
most part of the summer. Introduced in 1789 by Mr. Thomas 
Watson. Communicated by Mr. Anderson, from the Chelsea 
Garden, where it was raised from seeds sent by Mr. Nuttall 
in 1816. 


( 2052 ) 


•$-$-&-$•$ ^^h* -$ *-$-%£ 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. 5-partitus. Cor. l-petala. Germ, semi-inferum, l-lo- 
culare, liberum, centrale. Bacca 1-locularis, polysperma. 
Maesa. Forsk. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

BjEobotrys * indica ; fruticosa, foliis petiolatis oblongo- 
ovatis acuminatis grosse serratis, racemis plerumque 
compositis axillaribus terminalibusque. 

B.eobotrys indica. Roxb. FL indica inedit. Hort. Bengahl. 

The genus B,eobotrys, established by Forster, was well 
described before by Forsrohl in his Flora iEgyptiaca, 
under the name of MjEsa, constructed from its Arabic appel- 
lation Maas. The double calyx is properly omitted by 
Roxburgh, being only two small bractes at the bottom of the 
calyx, which in our species are either wanting or are not both 
close to the calyx. 

Jussieu places this genus in his natural order of Ericce, 
but Mr. Brown has properly arranged it under his Myrsineae 
(the Ophiosperma of Ventenat) : he observes that it bears the 
same relation to this order, as Samolus does to that of the 
■Primulacece ; having a germen semi-inferum, and in some 
species five barren filaments alternating with the segments of 

From BflMo,-, little, and florgw*, a bunch of grapes. 


the corolla : these seem,, however, to be wanting in our 
present plant, which, as far as we observed, has only the five 
fertile stamens opposite to the segments of the corolla, as in 
the generality of this order and the Primulacece. The tube of 
the corolla is bell-shaped, and the segments of the limb rolled 
back laterally, so as to give it the form of a Catherine wheel. 
In the botanic garden at Calcutta, we are informed by Dr. 
Roxburgh, plants eight or ten years old grow into a small 
tree with a trunk the thickness of a man's thigh The berries, 
according to the same author, are inferior, crowned with the 
persistent calyx, round, smooth, dry, the size of a grain of 
black pepper, one-celled, many-seeded, and without valves. 
The flowers are produced there in February, March, and 
April ; in Mr. William Kent's stove at Clapton, to whom 
we are obliged for its communication, it flowered in Novem- 
ber. Native of Chittagong. 


£\U> by J 

( 2053 ) 

Dracjena ferrea. Purple Dragon-tree, 

+»♦»♦♦+♦♦♦ *#W ■*■*#*■$■ 

Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. 6-partita, erecta. Filam. medio subcrassiora. Bacca 
trilocularis, 1-sperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Dracaena ferrea; arborea. foliis lanceolatis acutis. Willd. 

Sp. PL 2. p. 157. Hort. Kew. ed. alt 2. p. 277. 

Persoon Syn. 1. 371. . 

Dracaena terminalis ; herbacea, caulescens folns lanceolatis. 

Willd. Sp. PL 2. p. 157. Jacq. Collect 2. p. 3M.ic 2. 

t 448 Redoute liliac. 91. Persoon Syn. I. p. Sid. 
Asparagus terminalis; inermis, foliis alternis lanceolatis 

petiolatis, racemo terminah composito. Sp. PL 4oU. 
Terminalis. Rumph. Amb. 4. p. 79. t 34. 

Descr. Stem arboreous, marked with rings, occasioned 
by the falling leaves, which continue growing from the ex- 
tremity only. The germen is three-celled, with several ovula 
in each cell. The wood is said to become extremely hard, 
from whence it has acquired the name of Iron-wood. 

Dracjena ferrea and terminalis were long considered as 
two distinct species, but are now regarded as the same. 

Native of China. Introduced in 1771 by Benjamin 
Torin, Esq. Flowers in February, March, and April. Our 
specimen was communicated from the stove of John Walker, 
Esq. of Arno's Grove, Southgate, in February 1816. 

( 2054 ) 
Rosa arvensis, j3. The Ayrshire Rose. 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Petala 5. Cal. urceolatus, 5-fidus, carnosus, collo coarc- 
tatus. Semina plurima hispida calycis interiori lateri affixa. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Rosa arvensis ; fructibus globosis pedunculisque inermibus, 

aculeis caulinis petiolorumque aduncis, flortbus subcy- 

mosis, stylis coadunatis. Smith Compend. Flor. Brit. 

p. 78. Flor. Brit. % p. 538. 
Rosa arvensis. Willd. Sp. PL 2. p. 1066. Hort. Kew. 3. 

p. 259. 

((3.) foliolis quinque, vix septem, calycis lacimis mtegns 

reflexis, ramis biorgyalibus. 
Rosa repens; germinibus oblongis glabns, pedunculis hispido- 

glandulosis, petiolis villosis aculeatis, caule repente. 

mild. Enum. 547 ? Scop. Cam. 610 1 Jacq. Fragm. 

p. 69. t. 104? 

Desc Branches four or five yards long when led over a 
trellis, and therefore well suited for covering arbours, smooth, 
but arnied here and there with hooked prickles. Leaves 
generally consisting of five, sometimes only three, very rarely 
seven leaflets, which are ovate, acute, sharply serrate, the 
terminal one larger than the rest : petiole armed with a few 
curved prickles, otherwise smooth. Stipules seinisagittate 
conjoined. Flowers in terminal corymbs. Peduncles 
covered with glandular hairs, with two or three lanceolate 
tntire, pellucid bractes at the base of each. Germen oval, 
smooth ; segments of the calyx entire, awned, a little nairy. 

Petals white, obcordate. T 

' In 

In these characters we cannot find any thing to distinguish 
this plant from Rosa arvensis ; the extraordinary length of 
the branches being probably solely owing to culture. 

It has been known some years in our Nurseries, under the 
name of the Ayrshire Rose, but upon what grounds it has 
been so called is difficult to say, for upon the strictest enquiry, 
as we are informed by Sir Joseph Banks, no Rose of the 
kind could be heard of there or in any part of Scotland. 

Flowers in June and July. 

Communicated by the Right Honourable Sir Joseph 
Banks, Bart, from his garden at Spring-Grove. 


( 2055 ) 


Class and Order. 

Gynandria Monandria. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. ringens : petalis exterioribus anticis labello inferne 
gibboso superne indiviso suppositis. Columna libera. Pollen 
angulatum. Brown. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Goodyera discolor ; foliis caulinis ovatis discoloribus subtus 
trinerviis, petiolis raginantibus, spica elongata, labello 
bilobo contorto. 

Goodyera discolor. Lodd. Cabin. 148. 

The stems of this plant when they first spring from the 
root lie flat on the ground, and when coming into flower, rise 
suddenly into a straight scape furnished at the base with a 
few alternate oval leaves, of a dark purplish green on the 
upper side, and red purple on the under, with sheathing 
petioles. Bractes alternate, rusty-red, canoe-shaped, nearly 
the length of the flower. Germen white, striate, villous, 
twisted. Petals lanceolate, white, two lateral, spreading 
wing-like, three erect, adhering together at their points, look- 
ing like one hooded petal. Column erect, free, shaped at the 
top like a bird's head, of a yellow colour, the operculated two- 
celled anther forming the beak. Labellum or Nectary clawed, 
limb two lobed : lobes divaricate, twisted ; under the claw of 
the nectary is a small purselike gibbosity. 

Said by Mr. Loddiges in his Botanical Cabinet to be a 
native of Rio Janeiro. Flowers in November, December, 
and January. Communicated by Messrs. Barr and Brooke, 
of the Northampton Nursery, Newington Green. 


( 2056 ) 

Anarrhinum bellidifolium. Daisy-leaved 

*fr»M»M»» ♦♦♦♦♦♦» 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-phyllus. Corolla basis deorsum prominent necta- 
ritera : labium inferius planum palato destitutum : faux pervia 
taps. 2-locularis, multivalvis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Anarrhinum bellidifolium; foliis radicalibus obovato-lanceo- 
latis obtusis serratis : caulinis partitis integerrimis. 
Willd. Sp. PI. 3. p. 260. Hort. Kew. ed. all. 4. p. 19. 
Persoon Syn. 2. p. 159. Lam. et Dec. Fl. Franc. 3. 
p. 595. \ 

Antirrhinum bellidifolium ; foliis radicalibus lingulatis den- 

tatis lineatis : caulinis partitis in tegerri mis. Mant. 417. 

Vahl. Symb. 2. p. 67. Villars Dauph. 2. p. 442. 
Antirrhinum foliis imis elliptico-Janceolatis acute dentatis, 

caulinis capillaribus trifidis. Hall. Hist. n. 342. 
Antirrhinum foliis radicalibus spathulatis, duplicato- serratis, 

caulinis digitatis, Iaciniis lanceolato-linearibus intc- 

gerrimis, intermedia longiorc. Gouan Illustr. p. 39. 
Linaria bellidis folio. Bauh. Pin. 212. Prodr. 106. t. 106. 
Unaria odorata. Bod. Pempt. 184. Clus. Hisp. 349. 

Park. Parad. 267. / 3. Ger. em. 550. f. 2. Lob 

ic 422. / 1. 
Linari^e aliquatenus similis folio bellidis. Bauh. Hist. 3. p. 

549. / 2. Raj. Hist. 758. n. 32. 
Usyris odorata purpurea. Tabernam. Krdutcr Buch. 1210 

/. 3 et 4. 

ine genus Anarrhinum was first distinguished from 
Antirrhinum by Desfontaines, in his Flora Atlantica, and 


since adopted by Willdenow, Persoon, and other systematic 
writers. The older botanists were sensible that it did not 
perfectly accord with the genus Linaria, to which, however, 
with Clusius, they generally united it. Linnaeus added it 
to his too extensive genus of Antirrhinum, in which he 
included Linaria and Orontium of former authors ; but later 
botanists are now pretty generally agreed in again separating 
the former of these. 

The only figure of our plant quoted in the Hortus Kewensis, 
is the very erroneous one of Dodon^eus, which represents 
the corolla with a very long spur : Clusius, Lobel, Gerard, 
Parkinson, and Tabern,emontanus, all made use of the same 
block or copies of it ; but Caspar Bauhin, in his Prodromus, 
and John Bauhin, in his Historia, have given original figures 
of our plant, and, although the latter is upon a very small 
scale, yet both are far better than that of DodonjEus. 

Our observation accords with the description of most 
botanists, who attribute a minute recurved spur to the corolla, 
which both the Bauhins described as destitute of any. 

It does not seem to have ever had any title to the epithet 
odorata, being quite scentless, as has been remarked by almost 
every author that has given any description of it since Clusius, 
who describes it as being a little sweet-scented ( aliquantulum 
odorata) in warm climates, though scentless when cultivated 
in Germany and Holland. • 

A hardy annual, or at most biennial. Flowers from June 
to October. Communicated by Mr. William Anderson, 
from the Apothecaries Botanical Garden in Chelsea. 

Our drawing was taken from a weak plant : it sometimes 
attains the height of two feet, and is much branched. 


( 2057 ) 

i i 


*'» *!» »!» •}* *!* sV ••'' j>'' *'» »'-t j' 4 ->'i- *&. *'» .A, 

VJf >J» "V,» V,» "Vj* 'ftp ^V '!» *i» «Y» 'i» 'j» 'i» '»* 

C7«ss and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-phyIluB. Petala 5. Caps. 5-locularis, 5-valvis, 
polysperma. Sem. lanata. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Reaumuria hypericoides ; foliis ellipticis planis. Willd. Sp. 

PL 2. p. 1250. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 3. p. 327. Persoon 

Syn. 2. p. 85. Lamarck Illustr. gen. t. 489. f, 2. 

Encycl. Bot. v. 6. p. 85. 
Reaumuria linifolia ; foliis ovato-lanceolatis lineari-lanceo- 

latisque, acutis, planiusculis ; petalis calyce multo lon- 

gioribus. Salisb. Parad. Lond. 18. 
Hypericum alternifolium ; floribus pentagynis, calycibus 

foliaceis, caule herbaceo, foliis ovatis alternis acutis. 

Labillard. PL Syria Dec. 2. p. 17. t. 10. 

Descr. Stem suflfruticose, the habit of the plant like a 
Salicornia. Leaves fleshy, narrow, tongue-shaped, covered 
with glandular dots ; when chewed they have a somewhat 
acid briny taste. The leaves grow closer together on the 
barren than on the flower -bearing branches. Calyx five-cleft : 
segments ovate-acuminate, much shorter than the petals, but 
surrounded at the base with several leaf-like bractes, as long 
as the petals. Nectaries, two ciliated scales at the base of 
the limb of each petal. Filaments purple, inserted below the 
germen : anthers blue, curved. Germen superior, globular, 
smooth, 5-celled, with many ovula attached to the bottom of 
the cell. Styles 5, purple : stigmas simple. 

Native of Syria. Introduced about the year 1800, by 
John Bell, Esq. Flowers from May to August. Commu- 
nicated by Messrs. Loddjges and Sons. 



( 2058 ) 
Nymph.ea stellata, |3. Larger-flowered 


*# #» $ ! »»♦# .».♦ &•♦ »» i » 

C&m ««d Order. 
Poly anuria Monogyma. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 4 — 5-phyllus, inferus. Pctala plurima, genuine sub 
staminibus inserta. Bacca multilocularis, polysperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Nymph^a stellata ; foliis peltato-cordatis integerrimis subtui 
coloratis : iobis divaricatis, calyce tetraphyllo petalis 
acutis longiore. 

Nymph^ea stellata ; foliis peltatis integerrimis utrinqueglabris. 
Hort. Kern. ed. alt. v. 3. p. 294. 

Nympilea stellata ; foliis subrotundis sinuatis subtus purpil- 
rascentibus, lobis divaricatis acutis, calyce tetraphyllo 
petalis acutis caeruleis longiore. Bot. Repos. 330. 

Nymph^ea stellata ; foliis cordatis integerrimis, lobis divari- 
catis acutis, calyce acuto tetraphyllo petalis acutis lou- 
giore. mild. Sp. PL 2. p. 1153? 

NymphjEA stellata ; foliis ovatis utrinque glabris, floribus 
caeruleis, calyce quadripartito, corolla octopetala, stigmate 
octo-radiato, staminibus subviginti ; apicibus anthcra- 
rum foliaceis. Roxb. Flor. hid. incdit. 

Castalia stellaris ; folia laminis plus minus repandis, lobis 
ftiicato-acuminatis basi distinctis. Stigma 10-radiaUtm. 
Salisb. in Annals of Bot. 2. p. 12. 

Citambel. Hort. Malab. 11. p. 53. t. 21? 

The plant figured in the Hortus Malabaricus, under the 
name of Citambel, from which Willdenow took up his 
stellata, appears to be in many respects different from our 


present plant ; we have nevertheless very little doubt but that 
the latter is a mere variety of the Nymph^a stellata of Hortus 
Kewensis and of the Botanist's Repository ; as well as of 
Roxburgh's Flora Indica, not yet published. It diners from 
NymphjEa carulea (No. 552) in having smaller leaves, purple 
coloured on the under side, with their margins quite entire 
and divergent lobes ; in the petals being fewer in number, 
sharper pointed, and of a paler blue; in having fewer stamens, 
and a stigma with fewer rays : though all these organs were 
more numerous in our plant than as described by Dr. 
Roxburgh. The flowers are entirely destitute of the fragrance 
of ccErulea. 

Our drawing was made from a plant communicated by Mr. 
William Kent, of Clapton, who informs us that he raised it 
from seeds he received from Mr. M e Nab, of Edinburgh. It 
grows readily from seeds, and if kept in the cistern of the stove, 
blooms most part of the summer ; but appears to be only 
annual. Native of the East-Indies. Introduced in 1803 by 
Mr. William Anderson, now curator of the Botanic Garden 
at Chelsea. 



( 2059 ) 

Coreopsis ferul^folia. Fennel-leaved 

C&zss cwd Order. 

Syngenesia Polygamia Frustranea. 

Generic Character. 

Recept. paleaceum. Sem. compressa, emarginata. Pappus 
bicornis. Calyx duplex, uterque polyphyllus. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Coreopsis ferulcefolia ; foliis bipinnatis, pinnulis lineari-Ian- 
ceolatis, pinnularum costis latitudine pinnularum. Willd. 
Sp. PL 3. p. 225]. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 5. p. 132. 
Persoon Syn. 2. p. 477. Jacq. Hort. Schoenbr. 3. 
p. 65. t. 373. 

We received the specimens from which our drawing was 
taken of this handsome species of Coreopsis from N. Hod- 
son, Esq. of Bury St. Edmunds. It is scarcely hardy enough 
to bear our winters without protection, but if planted out 
early in the summer, it will produce its fine yellow flowers 
in the autumn, which will continue till the frost sets in. 
Native of Mexico. Introduced in 1799 by the Marchioness 
of Bute. 


( 2060 ) 


♦ » >♦»»♦»» »M »»♦»♦♦» 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. simplex vel duplex. Cor, irregularis vel subregularis. 
Caps. 2-yalvis, 2-locuIaris : dissepimentum valvis contrarium : 
rctinaculis seminum uncinulatis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Justicia secunda ; racemis terminalibus compositis ; race- 
mulis secundis multifloris, bracteis setaceis, foliis ovato- 
oblongis attenuatis. Vahl Enum. 1. p. 133. Hort. 
Kew. ed. alt. 1. p. 37. 

Justicia secunda ; racemis terminalibus compositis, race- 
mulis secundis, foliis ovato-lanceolatis acuminatis. Vahl 
Symbol. 2. p. 7. JVilld. Sp. PI. 1. p. 91. Persoon 
Syn. 1. p 21. ft. 43. 

This species is very nearly allied to Justicia lucida 
(No. 1014) from which however it differs in the leaves being 
thinner, more attenuated towards the point, less undulated 
and not shining ; in the raceme of flowers being more com- 
pounded, less compact, the partial peduncles much longer, 
and the flowers on the branches, which are much paler, 
looking one way ; in having the upper lip of the corolla not 
quite entire, but slightly emarginate, and the lower lip only 
obsoletely three-toothed. 

Native of the West-Indies. Requires to be kept in the 
stove. Introduced in 1793, in His Majesty's Ship, Providence, 
by the late Admiral, then Captain, William Bligh. Flowers 
from October to February. Propagated readily by cuttings. 
Communicated by Messrs. Whitley, Brames, and Milne, to 
^vhom it was given by Anthony Hart, Esq. who introduced 
it from the island of St. Christopher, his native country. We 
received it also from Mr. Vere's garden. 

»V c know of no previous representation of this species. 

¥20 61 

( 2061 ) 

Helicteres Isora. Nut-leaved Screw- 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. tubulosus oblique 3— 5-fidus. Cor. 5-petala. Germen 
iongissime pedicellatum. Stylus subquinquefidus. Caps. 5, 
uniloculars, polyspermy, spiraliter contorts. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Helicteres Isora ; decandra foliis ellipticis subcordatis den- 
tato-serratis acuminatis scabris subtus tomentosis, floribiis 
axillaribus, fructu contorto apice subulate Willd. Sp. 
PL 3. p. 721. Persoon Syn. 2. p. 239. 

Helicteres Isora ; foliis cordatis serratis, fructu composito 
contorto. Sp. PL 1366. Hort. Cliff. 433. 

Fructus regis. Rumph. Amb. 7. p. 32. t. 17. / 1. 

Isora-Murri. Hort. Malab. 6. p. 55. t. 30. 

On comparing our plant with specimens from the East- 
Indies, it appears to us to agree exactly with them, and not 
with Helicteres jamaicensis, for which species this plant 
has probably been taken, as it has, if we mistake not, been m 
our gardens before the publication of the last edition of the 
Hortus Kewensis, in which work Helicteres Isora does not 
occur. The figure and description by Van Rhede, m the Hortus 
Malabaricus, also agrees well with our plant, but those quoted 
as representations both of jamaicensis and baruensis are very 
different, having the stipes or column supporting the fructifi- 
cation much longer and declined. The leaves of our plant very 
much resemble in form and substance those of the hazle-nut ; 
when young they are tomentose on both sides, but old leaves 
lose their pubescence on the upper surface. The flowers are 


of an orange-red colour ; those of jamaicensis are described 
as being white, and are so represented both in Ehret's and 
Jacquin's figures. In a specimen, according perfectly with 
our plant, given us by Dr. Heyne, and brought by him 
from the East-Indies, the fruit has the subulate termination 
as described. 

Our drawing was taken from a very small shrub, commu- 
nicated in blossom in September 1818, by Mr. Jenkins, of 
Gloucester-Place, in the New-Road, who raised it from a 
cutting taken from an old plant five or six feet high, which 
was several years in the Comtesse De Vandes stove, at Bays- 
water, but has since unfortunately perished. 


BxUt bj-£ IZMrtU ,YTa.h*crtk- J£ otl X 

( 2062 ) 

Salmea scandens. Climbing Salmea, 

$ ♦ ♦ # t# f ♦ ♦ >♦ *<M f fr + #iM 

CYass anrf Order. 


Generic Character. 

Calyx imbricatus. Recept. paleaceum, conicum. Flosculi 
tubulosi, hermaphroditi. Semina compressa, biaristata. Aristce 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Salmea scandens; caule scandente lasvi, foliis ovatis acumi- 
natis integerrimis calicibus cylindricis. Decand. Hort. 
Monspel. p. 141. 

Salmea scandens. Brown in Lin. Soc. Trans. 12. p. 1 12. 

Bidens scandens ; foliis oppositis ovatis acuminatis integerri- 
mis, caule scandente fruticoso, floribus oppositis panicu- 
latis. Sp. PL 1167. Reich. 3. 706. Hort. Cliff. 399. 

Bidens frutescens. Mill. Diet. ed. 7. 

The Bidens scandens of Swartz and suffruticosus of 
Brown's History of Jamaica, according to M. Decandolle, 
belongs to a different species. Salmea scenvkns has leaves 
quite entire, somewhat undulated, but not at all serrated at 
the margin. 

Most of the true species of Bidens are annual, and perhaps 
all of them herbaceous, differing entirely, not in habit only, 
but in many of the generic characters from our plant, which 
has an imbricated, not an equal calyx ; a conicle, not a flat 
receptacle ; a compressed, not a square, seed. Salmea is a 
genus intermediate between Bidens, Melananthera, and 
Eupatorium, and is named by M. Decandolle in honour of 
the Count of Salm-Dyck, the genus before assigned to him 
by Cavanilles beingthe sameas theSANSEViERAof Thunberg. 

This plant, though possessing few attractions, having 
neither beauty nor fragrance to boast, yet never having been 


before figured, and not being very well understood, appeared 
to be entitled to a place in the Botanical Magazine. 

Native of Vera Cruz and Carthagena, but perhaps not of 
Jamaica. Communicated by Messrs. Whitley, Brames, and 
Milne, of the Fulham Nursery, where it is treated as a stove 
plant, and is remarkable for the rapidity of its growth. They 
received it from the Lady of the Right Honourable Charles 
Long, of Bromley-Hill. 


( 2063 ) 


C/css end Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cat. longitudine leguminis. Stam. diadelpha. Legumen 
monospermum, subrostratum, evalve. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Psoralea melilotoides; herbacea, foliis ternatis : foliolis 
lanceolatis mucronatis, racemis terminalibus. Ventenat 
Hon. Malm. 94. 

Psoralea melilotoides ; herbacea, parce minuteque pubes- 
cens : foliis lanccolatis-trifoliatis : spica oblonga ; bracteis 
latis acuminatis : leguminibus abbreviato-rotundatis, ner- 
voso-rugosissimis. Micliaux Ft. bor.-am. 2. p. 58. 

Psoralea melilotoides; parce pubescens, foliis ternatis: 
foliolis lanceolatis, spicis oblongis, bracteis lato-cordatis 
longissime acuminatis, leguminibus rotundatis nervoso 
rugosissimis. Pursh Ft. Amer. Sept. 2. p. 475. 

Psoralea Melilotus ; pubescens, foliis ternatis lanceolatis, 
spica oblonga, bracteis latis acuminatis, leguminibus 
subrotundis rugosis. Persoon Syn. 2. p. 347. 

Trifolium psoralioides ; spicis ovatis bracteatis imbricatis, 
bracteis cordatis cum acumine flores caeruleos per paria 
tegentibus, leguminibus rotundatis. Walter Fl. Carol. 
p. J 84. 

Melilotus psoraloides. Nuttall Plant. Amer. 2. p. 104. 

^elilotus flore violaceo, odore remisso. Clayt. Virg. n. 
103. ex Pursh. 

This plant is said to be an herbaceous perennial, but has 
the appearance of a pretty little upright shrub. Branches 
dichotomous, roughish. Leaves ternate, almost sessile : 


leaflets lanceolate, pointed, the lateral on short footstalks 
the middle one on longer. Stipules intrafoliaceous, lanceo- 
late, erect, pressed close to the stalk. Peduncles very long; 
iour-sided, terminal. Spikes ovate, lengthening as the flowers 
open. Bractes ovate acuminate, ciliated, deciduous Tube 
©t the calyx almost globular, 5-toothed : lower tooth longest 
Corolla, as well as the bractes, of a pale violet colour -the 
vexilum and ate nearly equal: carina shorter by half, two 
petaled, dark purple. Legumen one-seeded. 

Mr. NuTTALL, chiefly on account of the absence of glands 
and the small size of the carina, refers this to Tournefort's 
genus Melilotus ; but as it has as many of the characters of 
Fsoralea, and may, as Mr. Nuttall allows, be considered 
as a connecting link between the two genera, we rather retain 
it in the latter genus, to which it has already been referred by 
Michaux, Persoon, and Ventenat. 

It does not appear that this very rare plant has ever been 
known m our gardens till introduced by Mr. John Fraser, 
ot bloane-Square to whom we are indebted for an opportu- 
nity of giving a drawing of it, as it is not to be found in the 
catalogues ot the Kew or Cambridge gardens, nor in Mr. 
Sweet s excellent Hortus Suburbanus 

Native of North America, from Carolina to Florida, also 
of the open forests ot Ohio, Kentucky, and Tennessee. Is 
tf lCie fy ^J *> bear our winters unprotected. 
* lowers in August, and continues long in blossom 

( 2064 ) 

Lessertia pulchra. Comtesse de Vandes* 

*ir 4* 4* 4* «I» ik "if »V <i» «!> «fr <l* *>V ->f- *V *lt* <fe- 

C/ass awdf Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cat. semi-5-fidus. VexiUum explanatum. Carina obtusa. 
Stigma capitatum. Stylus antice barba transversa apicis, 
postice imberbis. Legumen scariosum, evalve (compressum 
vel inflatum). Brown in Hort. Kew. 

Specific Character. 

pedicellis nutantibus. 

Lessertia pulchra ; foliis septemjugis : foliolis ovatis acutis 
glabriusculis, racemis axillaribus subcapitatis secundis, 

Descr. Stem fruticose. Leaves odd-pinnate ; alternate, 
but approximating by pairs : leaflets generally seven pair, 
with an odd one, ovate, acute, or sometimes obtuse and even 
emarginate, minutely ciSiate at the edge and along the 
midrib, otherwise smooth. Stipules ovate-lanceolate, erect, 
embracing the petiole. Peduncle longer than the leaf, axil- 
lary, solitary, bearing a subcapitate raceme, with flowers 
looking one way. Pedicels curved, with a small lanceolate 
bracte at the base of each. Calyx campanulate, covered 
With black hairs, with five equal teeth. Vexillwn spreading, 
deeply emarginate, pale red, streaked with bright red veins. 
Alee and carina nearly the same length, the latter tipped 
With dark purple. 

Native of the Cape of Good-Hope. Raised at the garden 
of the Comtesse de Vandes, at Bayswater, from seeds re- 
ceived from the Cape, under the name of Colutea fisiulosa 
(the Lessertia perennans of De Candolle's Astragalogia and 
Hortus Kewensis) from which species it is very different ; nor 


can we find that it has been descrioed by any author. There 
is a specimen from the Cape, preserved in the Eanksian 
Herbarium, under the name of Colutea pulchetla, which, 
if not the same, is certainly a very nearly allied species, but 
in that the habit is more lax, seeming 1 to be rather herbaceous 
than shrubby, on which account we have avoided adopting 
exactly the same name. 

Not having had any opportunity of examining the seed- 
vessel, and having neglected making any memorandum of 
the style and stigma, we are not sure that this plant is 
properly a Lessertia, and being certainly shrubby, we felt 
inclined to arrange it under Swainsona ; but as it is a native 
of the South of Africa, and agrees in stipulation with Les- 
sertia, we have thought it safest to add it to that genus. 

Flowers in May, and requires the protection of the 
greenhouse in Winter. 

( 20G5 ) 
Protea acaulis. Stemless Protea. 

4HUcffdii * % #r* i # -&• ft 6 # 

Class and Order. 
Tetrandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Petala 4, quorum 3 superne cohaerentfa. Antkera apici- 
bus concavis corollse immersae. Nux supera, undique barbata, 
stylo persistente coronata. Brown. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Protea acaulis ; caulibus abbreviatis, ramis depressis, foliis 
obovato-oblongis marginatis venosis basi attenuatis, in- 
volucris hemisphaBricis inclinatis : bracteis obtusis glabris, 
corollis muticis. Brown in Lin. Soc. -Trans. 10. p. 89. 
Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 1. p. 192. 

Protea acaulis ; foliis oblongis capituloquc globoso glabris, 
caule decumbente brevissimo. Thunb. Prodr. 27. Diss. 
n. 49. Willd. Sp. PL 1. p. 529. 

Protea glaucophylla ; caule decumbente ; foliis 3 — 5 pol- 
lices longis, spatulato-lanceolatis, mucronulatis, utrinque 
glaucis, lateribus recurvis : fasciculis nutantibus ; brac- 
teis involucri grandibus, brevissime ciliatis. Salisb. 
Parad. Lond. 11. 

Leucadendron acaulon; foliis lanceolatis, floribus subro- 
tundis, caule sutfruticoso unifloro. -Sp. PL 135. 

Lepipocarpodendron acaulon, foliis paucis latis, nervo et 
marginibus rubris ornatis, fructu parvo. Boerh. Lvgd. 
2. p. 191. c. tabula. 

Scolymocephalus africanus lauri folio humilis et procumbens. 
Raj. Hist. 3. lib. 25. p. 9. 

Descr. Stem short, bent down. Leaves obovate -oblong, 
veined, rigid, margins cartilaginous and recurved. Bractes 
of the Involucrvm imbricated, the inner ones longest, smooth 


except some villosity at the margins, yellowish, tipped with 
red. Pappus at the base of the germen reddish brown, 
chaffy and bristly. Claw of the distinct petal filiform, twisted : 
limb ovate acute, unarmed : anther a little shorter than the 
limb. Style subulate, incurved : stigma acute, retained a 
long time together with the anther in the embrace of the 

The colour of most of the Proteas, both in the leaves and 
flowers, is more or less tinged with red according as they are 
more or less exposed to sun and air. 

This fine specimen of Protea acaulis was communicated 
by Messrs. Barr & Brookes, from their extensive nursery 
at Newington-Green, near the end of May in 1818. 


( 2066 ) 



+ ♦♦♦♦♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦♦♦♦fri t* 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. rotata, 5-partita, laciniis linearibus. Stigma 2-,s, 
3-fidum. Caps. 2-,s. 3-locularis, infera. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Phyteuma betonicifolium ; spica oblonga, foliis simpliciter 
crenatis : radicalibus lanceolato-cordatis, caulinis lan- 
ceolatis. Willd. Sp. PL I. p. 922. Persoon Syn. I. 
p. 194. 

Phyteuma betonicifolia ; foliis cordatis oblongis crenatis, 
spica oblonga. Villars Delph. 2. p. 518. t. 12. / 3. 

Phyteuma scorzonerifolium ; spica elongata cylindrica, flori- 
bus inferioribus remotis, foliis lanceolatis crenatis : 
superioribus linearibus. Willd. Enum 215. Villars 
Delphin.% p. 519. t. 12. f. 2. 

We were favoured with this plant by Mr. Jenkins, of the 
Botanical Nursery, Gloucester-place, New-Road, in July 
last, under the name of P. scorzonerifolium, but we cannot find 
any distinguishing characters between this and the betonici- 
folium of Villars, which latter name we prefer, as having 
been adopted by Willdenow in his Species Plantarum. For 
although this author has afterwards taken up scorzonerifolium 
also in his Enumeratio, with his characters of which our 
plant corresponds, except that the radical leaves are more or 
less cordate, while those on the lower part of the stem are 
lanceolate, and supported on very long footstalks. Villars 
describes betonicifolium as having its radical leaves cordate, 


and scorzonerifolium as having all the leaves lanceolate * we 
consider both as mere accidental varieties. To the latter 
Villars applies as a synonym the Phyteuma Scheuchzrri of 
Allioni, a \ery distinct species of which we have before given 
a figure (No. 1797). 

A hardy perennial. Native of the mountains of Dauphiny, 
Flowers in July. 

T206 r > 

( 2067 ) 


4 p t f ♦ ♦ $ t ♦ * ** !* * ♦f * * ♦ ♦ ♦.♦ 

CZass arcd Order. 
Decandria Digynia, 

Generic Character. 

Cal cylindricus, 1 phyllus ; basi squamis 4, Petala 5, 
unguiculata. Caps, cylindrica 1-locularis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Dianthus fragrant ; caulibus subunifloris, foliis subulatis 
rigidis mucronulatis subcanaliculatis, caiycibus acutis 
pungentibus, squamis ovatis acuminatisadpressis subsenis 
tubo ter brevioribus^ petalis rotundatis tenuissime multi- 
fidis imberbibus. 

Dianthus fragrans ; foliis vix \ lineam Iatis, glaucis, Iinean- 
attenuatis, integerrimis : calyce cylindraceo ; bracteis 6, 
infra medium calycis, petalorum limbo profunde multifido, 
imberbi. Salisb. in Parad. Lond. 112. 

Dianthus squarrosus; caulibus subunifloris, squamis calycims 
ovatis acutis brevissimis, petalis multifidis, foliis subulatis 
canaliculars rigidis brevibus recurvis. Marsch. a Bieb. 
Jl. taur. cauc. 1. p. 331 ? Centur. 1. t. 23. 

Descr. Cespitose. Flowering stems assurgent, smooth, 
a span high, generally single flowered, with sometimes a 
second or third on short footstalks. Leaves on the flowering 
stem about four pair, shorter than the internodes, rigid, 
slightly channelled, mucronate, subpungent, smooth : on the 
barren decumbent stems much closer together and frequently 
recurved. Tube of calyx cylindrico-conical, with conmvent, 
subulate, pungent teeth : scales ovate-acuminate, adpressed, 
three times shorter than tube : inner pair largest, four in 
number, besides the last pair of diminished leaves, frequently 
close to the calyx, and giving the appearance of six scales. 


Petals white, rounded, overlapping - one another, finely cut, 
recurved. Stamens exserted, shorter than the petals : anthers 
-white, sagittate. Germen ovate, on a short stipes : styles 
the length of the stamens, recurved. 

There is no doubt but that our plant is the same species as 
is figured under the name of fragrans in the Paradisus Lon- 
dinensis ; but we do not believe that it is a native of Austria, 
or the same with Clusius's plant, quoted as a synonym by 
Mr. Salisbury. It does not seem to us that Dianthus 
squarrosus, of the Flora taurico-caucasica, differs from our plant 
in any respect but what is occasioned by cultivation ; in 
Marschall a Bieberstein's figure, in his Century of rare 
plants, the leaves are represented as shorter and more 
recurved, and the petals less rounded. Could we have been 
quite certain of the identity of our plant with squarrosus, 
we should have preserved that name, there being a different 
species described under the name of fragrans in the above- 
mentioned Flora ; especially as the right of priority is uncer- 
tain, both being published in the same year. In the cultivated 
plant, however, the name of squarrosus is not very applicable, 
being given, as \vc suppose, from the short, recurved, thickset 
leaves, on the barren stems, which in our plant are only 
partially recurved ; they are also more distant and longer. 

Native of Southern Russia. Flowers in June and July. 
Communicated by N. S. Hodson, Esq. of Bury St. Edmunds. 


( 2068 ) 

oenothera grandi flora, /3. pubescent 
Great-flowered CEnothera. 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cat, 4-fidus, tubulosus. Petala 4. Caps. 4-locuIaris, 
4-valvis, cylindrica, infera. Sem. nuda. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

CEnothera grandifiora ; foliis ovato-Ianceolatis, staminibus 

declinatis, caule fruticoso. Hort. Kew. ed. 1. 2. p. 2. 

ed. altera. % p: 341. Willd. Sp. PL 2. p. 306. 
CEnothera grandifiora ; caule glabriusculo ramoso, foliis 

ovato-lanceolatis glabris, staminibus declinatis. Pursh 

Flor.Am. Sept. 1. p. 261. 
(a. ) caule, foliis, germinibusque glabris. 
(|3. ) caule et germinibus subpubescentibus, foliis calycibusquc 


Descr. Stem erect, branched towards the top, woody; 
slightly pubescent. Lower leaves ovate lanceolate, narrowed 
into a short petiole, crenate-dentate, villous : upper ones not 
narrowed towards the base, half-stem-embracing. Flowers 
very large, yellow, sweet-scented, smelling something like the 
Jonquil, but more delicate. Tube of the calyx villous, nearly 
twice the length of the sulcated germens. Petals crenate at 
the tip, not so much emarginated as represented in the figure, 
being, when fully expanded, more of a truncate than obcordate 
form. Stamens and style declined. 


Except in the slight pubescence of the stem, germen, and 
tube of the calyx, and the soft villous leaves, our plant differs 
in no respect from (Enothera grandiflora, of which therefore 
it must be considered as a mere variety. 

Native of Carolina. Biennial, scarcely to be considered 
hardy, though so marked in the catalogues. Flowers in 
August. Communicated by Mr. William Kent, of Clapton. 


( 2069 ) 

clmicifuga cordifolia. heart-leaved 

♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦♦*♦♦♦ 

Class and Order. 


Genetic Character. 

Cal. 4 — 5-phylIus. Petala 4 — 8. Caps. 1 — 5, seu plures, 
oblongae, sutura laterali dehiscentes, polyspermy. Pursk. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Cimicifuga cordifolia ; foliis decomposito-biternatis, foliolis 
cordatis Iobatis serrato-dentatis, racemis virgatim panicu- 
latis elongatis, floribus di-pentagynis, germinibus glabris. 
Pursk Ft. Amer. Sept. p. 373. 

Cimicifuga cordifolia. Hort. Kew. Epit. add. 

Cimicifuga americana. Michaux Fl. Bor. Amer. 1. p. 316. 
Nuttall Gen. PI. Amer. 2. p. 15. 

Cimicifuga cordifolia is a large herbaceous perennial, 
distinguished from racemosa a.x\dfoctida by its triternate leaves, 
with broad lobate leaflets. It has the nauseous smell of its 
relatives, but, when in flower in a large garden, makes a 
handsome appearance. 

Native of Carolina. Introduced in 1812 by Mr. Fraser, 
of Sloane-Square. Flowers in June and July. Communi- 
cated by Mr. William Kent, who bought it of the late 
Mr. Lyons. 


( 2070 ) 

Celastrus cymosus. Compact-flowered 

♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ •&•#-#-&•& 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. 5-petala, patens. Caps. 3-anguJaris, 3-Iocularis. 
Se??z. calyptrata. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Celastrus cymosus; spinis nudis, ramis subangulatis, foliis 
obovatis serrato-dentatis obtusis, cymis pedunculatis axil- 
laribus (folio brevioribus). Soland. Mss. apud Banks. 

Celastrus buxifolius ; spinosus, ramis angulatis, foliis obloiw 
gis obtusis crenatis, paniculis axillaribus. Thunb. 
Prodr. ? nee Linncei. 

A near relative of Celastrus buxifolius, but sufficiently 
distinct, having naked spines ; flowers more numerous, ia 
corymbs much more compact, and shorter than the leaves 

A pretty little greenhouse shrub ; native of the Cape of 
Good Hope ; communicated by Mr. Sweet, from the Stockwell 
Nursery, in July 1815. 

( 2071 ) 

Anisomeles malabarica. Malabar 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-fidus. Cor. labium superius abbreviatum, integrum ; 
inferius triiidum, lacinia media biloba. Stam. exserta, ap- 
proximata : Anthera breviorum biloculares, lobis parallels ; 
longioruni dimidiate vel dissimiles. Brown. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Anisomeles malabarica; tomentosa, subeglandulosa, caule 
incano, foliis lanceolatis subtus rugosis, verticillis multi- 
floris, calycibus lanatis : dentibus subulatis tubum requan- 
tibus. Brown Mss. 

Nepeta malabarica ; spicis verticillatis bracteis filiformibus, 
foliis lanceolatis interne integerrimis. Lin. Mant. 566. 
Willd. Sp. PL 3. p. 57. Persoon Syn. % p. 116. ex- 
clusis ubique synonymis ex Morison et Rheede. 

A jug a fruticosa, caule fruticoso erecto ramoso tomentoso, 
foliis lato-lanceolatis serratis, antheris superioribus sim- 
plicibus : inferioribus didymis. Roxb. Fl. lnd. Orient, 

Jam Retty pemeretti, nativis: 

Descr. Stem shrubby, covered with a white wool, square. 
Leaves opposite, ovate-lanceolate : lower ones subcordate, 
rugose underneath, tomentose, soft, whitish. Flowers ver- 
ticillate ; peduncles dichotomous. Bractes linear, wooly, 
obtuse. Calyx half-five-cleft : teeth subulate, equal in length 
to the tube. Corolla bilabiate : upper lip very small, arched, 
shorter than the stamens : lower lip very large, trifid : middle 


segment two-lobed, pale purple, spotted at the base : lateral 
ones spreading, white. Anthers of the shorter stamens didy- 
mous : of the longer hemispherical, hairy, one-celled. 

Anisomeles is a genus established by Mr. Brown in his 
Prodromus Florae Nova? Hollandiae, to which, both Nepeta 
indica and malabarica of Linn^us belong. Our plant is very 
similar to Anisomeles salviccfolia of the former author, from 
which it is distinguished especially by the form of the calyx, 
the teeth of which in the New Holland plant are broad 
and scarcely half the length of the tube. 

Native of Malabar and Coromandel, and is, as we are 
informed by Dr. Roxburgh, esteemed a medicine of consi- 
derable virtue by the inhabitants. Communicated by Mr. 
William Kent, of Clapton, in whose stove it flowered in 

( 2072 ) 
Arum bulbiferum; Bulb-bearing Arum. 

$4Mh|h|HM ! ♦ ♦♦♦ ♦♦ %- 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Spatha 1-phylla, cUcullata. Spadix supra nudus, infcrne 
femineus, medio stamineus. 


Specific Charactet and Synonyms. 

AruM bulbiferum ; acaulej foliis decompositis bulbiferis, 
spadice oblongo-ovato spatha ovata obtusa venoso-striata 

Arum bulbiferum; radtce tuberosa, foliis decompositis bul- 
biferis, spatha cucullata spadice cylindrico longiore, nec- 
tariis nulhs. Roxb. Ft. Ind. orient, ined. 

Native of Bengal. Plentiful in the woods in the neigh- 
bourhood of Calcutta, flowering in May. Soon after the 
decay of the flowers the leaves make their appearance, and 
continue during the rainy season. 

The flower was drawn in May 1813 ; the leaf some weeks 
after, in the stove of James Vere, Esq. of Kensington-Gore. 



( 2073 ) 

Seseli dichotomum. Dichotomous M eadow- 


Class and Order. 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Corolla; uniformes. Involucr. obsoletum. Involucella po- 
lyphylla s. mulfcifida. Pructus ovatus, striatus. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Seseli dichotomum ; caule stricto geniculate), foliolis lineari- 
bus fasciculatis umbellis axillaribus subsessilibus, basi 
confluentibus, involucellis connato-monophyllis. 

Seseli dichotomum ; foliolis linearibus confertis basi con- 
fluentibus, vaginis truncatis, involucellis connato-mono- 
phyllis, ramis ramulisque suboppositis caule altioribus. 
Marshall a Bieb. Fl. Taurico-Cauc. 1. p. 235. 

Seseli dichotomum. Pall. Ind. laur. 

Descr. Stem erect, fistulous, jointed. Leaves, radical 
and lower cauline, about three inches long, decompound : 
leaflets linear, collected in verticillate bundles, confluent at 
the base : petioles completely embracing the stem : upper 
ones bearing only a bundle of leaflets at the extremity, which 
serves as a sort of general involucre. Umbels axillary, subses- 
sile, or on very short footstalks : rays 4 — 6 : of unequal lengths : 
partial u?nbcls globose, compact : involucels many -cleft, fleshy, 
acuminate, confluent at the base. Floscules white, uniform. 
Petals persistent, concave, terminated in a subulate, involute 
acumen : stamens exserted : anthers globular : seeds striate, 
inclosed in the calyx, and crowned with the persistent revo- 
lute stigmas. 


We observed on the stem of this plant a few small globules 
of a gummy exudation, that smelt and tasted strongly of 
ammoniacum, a gum-resin much used in medicine, supposed 
to be the product of a species of Heracleum. 

This very singular plant was raised by Messrs. Loddiges 
and Sons, from seeds sent by the late Professor Stefhan, of 
Moscow, about the year 1811, to whom we are obliged for 
the specimen from which we drew up the above description. 
We have since received this plant from different collections. 

A hardy perennial. Flowers in September and October, 
Native of the chalk hills of Tauria, where it was discovered 
by the late Professor Pallas. 

( 2074 ) 


Class and Order. 

Decandria Monogynu. 

Generic Character. 

Cal 5-partitus. Petala 5. Bacca 3-locularis. Sent, 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Limonia arborea ; inermis, foliis pinnatis bijugis : foliolis 
oblongis obsolete serratis. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 3. p. 43 
Limonia arborea. Roxb. Corom. 1. p. 60. t. 85. 

The Limonia arborea is very nearly allied to L. penta- 
phylla, and perhaps might with propriety be considered as a 
mere variety. In our plant some of the leaves were a little 
serrate at the edges, but many of them were quite entire. It 
produced terminal as well as axillary panicles, but the ter- 
minal one in our plant was accidentally damaged. 

Native of the mountainous parts of the Circars in the East- 
fhdies, where it grows into a moderate sized tree with a 
branching shadowy head. The flowers are admired for their 
sweet scent, and the birds are fond of the berries. 

Flowers most part of the summer. Our plant was com- 
municated by Messrs. Barr and Brookes, in January last ; 
but the petals never properly expanded. Requires to be kept 
in the stove. Introduced by the Right Hon. Sir Joseph 
Banks, Bart. 


Fuh.l Walworth. Tma 

( 2075 ) 


^^hjhHhHhMhHHhE- % ft ft ft - % ' ft 

Class and Order. 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. deciduus. Petala 5, conniventia in tubum. Caps. 
2 — 5-valvis, 2 — 5-locularis. Sem. tecta pulpa. 

Specific Character. 

Pittosporum ferrugineum; foliis ellipticis acuminatis glabris, 
petiolis ferrugineo-tomentosis. Hort. Kew. ed alt. % 
p. 27. 

Descr. Leaves elliptical-acuminate, smooth, veined, shining 
on the upper surface, paler and a little villous on the under. 
Petiole four times shorter than the lamina, rusty-tomentose. 
Flowers white, slightly scented, in a terminal compound 
umbel. Peduncles rusty-tomentose : pedicels white. Calyx 
5-cleft, spreading, greenish-white, shorter by half than the 
tube of the corolla. Petals 5, conniving into a tube, revolute 
at their points. Stamens 5, scarcely longer than the tube of 
the corolla : anthers oval, affixed by the back. Germen oval, 
clothed with rusty coloured hairs : style shorter than stamens : 
stigma capitate, green. In so small a germen we could not 
be certain of the structure, but it appeared to us to be one- 
celled, with a single ovulum in the centre ; it might however 
be two-celled with a central receptacle. 

Native of Guinea. Requires to be kept in the stove. 
Flowers in the winter months. Introduced before 1787 by 
the Right Honourable the Earl of Tankerville. Commu- 
nicated by Messrs. Whitley, Brame, and Milne. 


We are quite certain that this is the Pittosporum ferrugi- 
neum of the Hortus Kewensis, but it differs considerably in 
its habit from the other species of the g-enus, which are all 
extratropical productions ; and if our observation respecting 
the germen is correct, which however we are not confident 
of, it can hardly be considered as a true Pittosporum. 


( 2076 ) 


4 >»;» 0$% ' $ f » f fr g 00 » »+ 
Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. simplex vel duplex. Cor. irregularis vel subregularis. 
Caps. 2-valvis, 2-locularis: dissepimentum valvis contrarium: 
retinaculis seminum uncinulatis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 
*** Calyce simplici, corollis bilabiatis, labiis divisis. 

Justicia eustachiana ; fruticosa, foliis ovatis acuminatis 
subserratis, spicis brevibus subverticillatis, bracteis line- 
ari-Ianceolatis, antheris parallelis unilocularibus ! 

Justicia eustachiana, fruticosa, corollis bilabiatis divisis, 
foliis oblongis acuminatis, spicis axillaribus terminali- 
busque, verticillis remotis subbifloris, bracteis lanceo- 
latis. Bot. Reg. 309. ex schedis Solandri apud Banks. 

Justicia eustachiana ; dianthera ; foliis lanceolato-oblongis, 
pedunculis multifloris, bracteis linearibus apice latius- 
culis acuminatis. Jacq. Amer. p. 4. t. 4 ? 

Justicia eustachiana ; spicis axillaribus terminalibusque, 
floribus inferne geminis, superne solitariis, bracteis 
cuneatis. Vahl Symb. 2. p. 15? Ejusdem Enum. 1. 

Dianthera eustachiana. Si/st. Veget. ed. 14. p. 64? 

In so very extensive a genus, amounting in the late Pro- 
fessor Vahi/s Enumeration to one hundred and forty-seven 
•pedes, and to which number many more have been since 
added, it is not easy to find discriminating characters within 


the limits usually prescribed for a specific phrase. It 13 
therefore no wonder that much difficulty should occur in ascer- 
taining many of the species, without the aid of either figure or 
authentic specimen ; for nothing can be determined by the 
figure given us by Jacquin, who first established the species, 
and there does not appear to have been any specimen of it in 
his herbarium. We have reason to believe that our plant is 
the eustachiana of the Hortus Kewensis, and being figured 
under this name in the Botanical Register, we do not hesitate 
to adopt it, though we cannot but entertain doubts whether 
the species defined by Vahl be the same. 

The opportunity afforded us of examining the herbarium 
of Sir Joseph Banks has not produced the usual conviction 
in our minds. Dried specimens of many of the species of 
Justicia are, from their difficult preservation, less satisfactory 
than usual ; and from an examination of these, we should 
hesitate between sphcerosperma and eustachiana, or perhaps 
should have been induced to have rather referred our plant 
to the former, but that Mr. Brown had examined the anthera 
of both, and thought that those of the latter agreed in being 
unilocular, whilst those of the other were bilocular. 

Several species of Justicia of Vahl have, chiefly from this 
character of unilocular anthers, been separated into a distinct 
genus by Mr. Brown, in his Prodromus Florae Nova? Hol- 
jandiffi, page 474, under the name of Hypoestes, which, as 
he observes, had been long before proposed by the late Dr. 
Solander* : to this genus we suppose that the Justicia 
eustachiana here figured must be referred. It should be 
observed, however; that both Jacquin and Vahl refer their 
plant to the section of Diantherce. 

Our drawing was taken several years ago from a fine 
specimen that flowered in the month of April, in the stove of 
the late -Right Hon. Charles Greville, at Paddington. Mr. 
Whitley's plant, figured in the Botanical Register, blossomed 
m June ; m the Hortus Kewensis, August and September are 
stated as its flowering months. 

A straggling growing shrub; native of St. Eustatia and 
iUartimco ; propagated by cuttings ; cultivated in the stove. 

* See observations upon this proposed -enus, by our friend Mr. KoNiO, 
iu Annals of Botany, vol. 1. p. lf}9. 

J.%011. Lrtis Wahnrih . Jmtc^sJb^. 


( 2077 ) 
Lobelia minima. Least Lobelia. 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-fidus. Cor. 1-petala, irregularis. Anikercs cohse- 
rentes. Caps, infera, 2- s. 3-loculaiis. 

Specific Character. 

Lobelia minima ; caulibus prostratis, foliis ovatis crenatis 
petiolatis, pcdunculis axillaribus unifloris longissimis, 
bracteis ternatis. 

Though nearly related to it., this species cannot be the same 
with Lobelia minuta, because the latter has no bractes, 
■whilst our plant has three small subulate ones about the middle 
of the peduncle ; nor can we venture to refer it to Lobelia 
Laurentia, which is represented as being 1 very similar to 
?ninuta, except in being furnished with one or two solitary, 
not ternate, bractes. The true Lobelia Laurentia is a native 
of the South of Europe, and as figured by Micheli, has very 
little resemblance to our minima. 

Native of the Cape of Good-Hope. Communicated by 
Mr. Colville, from his renowned nursery in the King's 

Propagated by parting its roots. Flowers in October. 

( 2078 ) 

Hedychium angusti folium. Narrow- 
leaved Hedychium. 

4 m+$ ♦♦♦♦♦$♦♦♦♦♦ ■ 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Anthem duplex. Filam. gcniculatum extra antheram non 
elongatum. Stylus filatnento duplo langior, filiformis, tena- 
cissimus, in sulco antheraa rcceptus. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Hedychium anguslifolium ; foliis lanceolatis spica stricta, 
bracteis imbricatis convolutis multifloris, laciniis lineari- 
bus, stamine longissimo. 

Hedychium angustifolium. Bot. Reg. 157. Roxb. Fl. lnd. 
inedita Coromandel Plants, 3. t. 251. 

Hedychium coccineum. Smith in Recs' Cyclopesd. ? 

This is a very beautiful plant and also fragrant, though 
not altogether of so pleasing a scent as Hedychium cor&na- 
rium. The flowers, when first expanded, are of a delicate 
light buff, inimitable by art, which changes to a red orange, 
but hardly to a scarlet colour ; except the stamen. We 
suspect it to be the variety of coccineum mentioned by Dr. 
Buchanan, which Sir James E. Smith is inclined to think 
may be a distinct species. 

Native of the eastern parts of Bengal, and, if the same 
with Dr. Buchanan's plant, of Upper Nepal also. With us 
it is the inhabitant of the stove, where it is very ornamental. 
Flowers the latter end of the year. Communicated from the 
collection of James Vere, Esq. by Mr. Blake, his gardener, 
in November last year. 


( 2079 ) 

Anemone palmata, y. albida. Pale- 

^***#******** ***** 
Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 
Cal. 0. Petala 6 — 9. Sem. plura. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 
Sect. Anemonoides. 

Anemone palmata ; foliis reniformibus sublobatis crenatis, 

petalis obtusis : exterioribus villosis. 
Anemone palmata ; foliis cordatis trilobis, involucris triphyllrs 

trifidis, corollis subdecapetalis. Vahl Sym-b. 3. p. 73. 

Willd. Sp. PI. 2. p. 1277. Persoon Syn. 2. p. 97. 

Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 3. p. 338. Bot Reg. 200. 
Anemone palmata; foliis cordatis sublobatis, calyce hexa- 

phyllo colorato. Lin. Sp. PL 758. 
Anemone palmata ; foliis rotundatis lobatis crenatis, invo- 

lucro multifido, petalis exterioribus villosis majoribus. 

Desf. atl. 1. p. 432. 
Anemone palmata ; foliis cordatis suborbiculatis obtuse 

3 — 5-lobis dentatis, involucralibus sessilibus trifidis, se- 

palis 10 — 12 oblongis obtusis. De Cand. Regn. veg. 

I. p. 199. 
Anemone palmata. Bot. Repos. 172. Brot. Fl. husit. 2. p. 

361.- De Cand. Fl. franc. 5. p. 635. 
Anemone cyclaminis seu malvae folio lutea. Bauh. Pin. 173. 

Moris. Hist 2. p. 425. s. 4. /. 25. Ray Hist. 1 . p. 626. 
Anemone hortensis latifolia simplici flavo flore. Clus. Hist. 

1. p. 249./. 1. 
Anemone latifolia Clusii. Ger. emac. 376. / 6. Dalech. 

lugd. 846. / 2. Tabern. ic. 26 Lob. ic. 279. / 2. 

Bauh. Hist. 3. p. 401. / 1. Ban. ic. 792. 


Oriba. Adans. fam. 459. 
(0.) flore pleno. 

Anemone hortensis Iatifolia, flore flavo dupficato. Hart. EjAt 
ord. nern. 1. t. 18 Jig. 4. Clus. Hist. 1. p. 249./: 2. 
(y.) minor, ^rlabrior, flore albido. 
Anemone palmata. Bot. Repos. 172. Heic. No. 2079. 

This plant is in all its parts so much smaller and smoother 
than the variety figured in the Botanical Register, as well as 
so differently coloured both in the flowers and foliage, as to 
lead to a doubt whether it may not be a distinct species. The 
leaves of our plant are less distinctly lobed, very slightly vil- 
lous, and of a deep violet colour on the under side, the flowers 
on the inside only faintly tinged with yellow ; segments of 
the involucrum much narrower, and with the scape smooth, 
except that the latter was clothed towards the top with a 
slight bronze-coloured villosity. 

The variety figured in the Botanist's Repository appears to 
be the same as ours •. 

M. De Candolle is doubtful whether the double variety 
mentioned by authors belongs to this species or to stellata, 
but an inspection of Clusius's figure, and more especially 
that in the Hortus Eystettensis, leaves no doubt in our minds. 

JNative of Portugal, Spain, Provence, and Barbary. 
* lowers with us m April. Is too tender to succeed well with- 
out protection from frost. Communicated by N. S Hodson, 
bsq. of Bury St. Edmunds. 

i n *u\ l ^ MVS, } n his .5P ec j e ? n™tanm), placed Anemone palmata next 
TnS2 T a , COnSldmd lt a l unitin S Anemone and Hep A tica of 
JZZ r »• ,n | t0 °" e ? e " US; he afte ^ards however removed it into 
another section along with coronaria and hortensis, to which it is undoubt- 

wt; V t Tv vl? y **!%' m \ Whcn VAHL S8ys that «»« cannot perceive 
Z » V * mCa l P er > ca, y ce ^ liexapbvllum coloratum a flore rerao- 
1 £» « a PP ears 4 , to have P" z ^d himself by the omission of the word uec ; 
£ frnm th "V"' i "" a ™£«™otn S '', by which he meant to distinguish 
hl/nl » Jnvolnerum. TJiat the outer petals have at least some resem- 

c ^n ?r, y f IS COn ^M >y Dbs P«NTAIN« 8 , who observes, thattb* 
outer petals are larger and vdlous << calvcem mentientes" 


FuJ.Vj I <~hr<rr ffv. July n Bxj. 

( 2080 ) 

Camellia Sasanqua 3. Palmer's Double 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 
Cat. imbricatus, polyphyllus : foliolis interioribus majoribus. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Camellia Sasanqua ; foliis obtuse serratis, floribus termi- 

nalibus subsolitariis, petalis obcordatis. 
Camellia Sasanqua; foliis obtuse serratis (petalis) emargi- 

natis. Thunb. Jap. 273. t. 30. Willd. Sp. PL 3. p. 

842. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 4. p. 235. Poiret Encycl. 

Bot. Suppl. 2. p. 48. 
(*.) flore rubro simplici. 
Sasanqua. Kcempf. Am. Exot. 853. 
(|3.) flore incarnato multiplied Heic. No. 2080. 
(y.) flore albo simplici. 
Camellia Sasanqua. Thunb. I. c. Bot. Reg. 12. Staunton 

Embassy to China. 2. p. 466. cum figura. 

It appears to us that this beautiful shrub must be a variety 
of Camellia Sasanqua, not of C. japonica. Its foliage is 
thinner ; flowers much smaller, and more constantly terminal ; 
outer petals wider at the end, often obcordate or emarginate. 
KjEmpfer's Sasanqua is described by him as having red 
flowers : Thunberg says nothing of any red flowered variety, 
but describes them as white; in our plant they were of a 
delicate blush colour. We suspect that in Thunberg's spe- 
cific character there is an accidental omission of the word 
petalis, as he describes these, but not the leaves, as being 
emarginate ; and in his figure, as well as in a specimen from 
himself in the Banksian Herbarium, the leaves are all pointed, 
as in our figure, though somewhat more obtusely so. 


Our drawing', as well as a living specimen of the blossom 
and foliage, was kindly communicated by Mrs. T. Palmer, 
of Bromley, in Kent, in whose greenhouse the original 
flowered last Spring. It was brought from China by dipt; in 
Rawes, together with several other curious and rare plants. 


( 2081 ) 


CZass #wd Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-fidus, kbiis proportionatis, bibracteatus (bracteis 
srepius ipso tubo insidentibus). Cor. papilionacea. Germen 
sessile, dispermum. Stylus subulatus, adscendens. Stigma 
simplex. Strophiola seminis lobis postieis incisis. Brown. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Pultenjea retusa ; capitulis terminalibus, foliis linearibus 
retusis muticis planis glabris, bracteis calyce paulo lon- 
gioribus. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 3. p. 18. 

Pulten^ea retusa ; foliis linearibus retusis muticis glabris, 
stipulis geminis minutis, bracteis ovatis vix longitudine 
pedunculorum. Smith in Ann. of Bot. 1. p. 502 % Lin 
Trans. 9. p. 247. 

Papilionaceous flowers have mostly ten stamens, but sometimes 
all the filaments are united together into one membranaceous 
sheath ; more generally nine of the filaments are united, and 
one remains distinct. These last gave rise to Linn/Eus's class 
oftheDiadelphia, from which, however, he did not separate 
the former. But a third set having the filaments distinct to 
their base, were necessarily arranged in his system under 
Decandria. Of this last division, few plants were known to 
Linn^us, and the genus Sophora, for a considerable time, 
almost served as a common receptacle for all such. But the 
prodigious number of decandrous papilionaceous plants, dis- 
covered in New Holland, soon induced the necessity of 


establishing new genera ; in doing which, Sir James Edward* 
Smith led the way by describing several in his specimen of 
the Botany of New-Holland, in the first volume of the Annals 
of Botany, and in the fourth and ninth volumes of the Tran- 
sactions of the Linnean Society. To these genera, all of 
which have been adopted by succeeding botanists, Mr. Robert 
Brown, (who, from his residence in that Country and his 
situation since his return, has had the greatest opportunities 
of studying these plants; has added several more. 

PuLTENiEA retusa was among the first plants from the 
lettlement of New South Wales cultivated in our gardens, the 
date of its introduction, by Sir Joseph Banks, being in the 
year 1789 ; yet no figure of it has, that we know of, been 
hitherto published. 

It may be necessary in order to reconcile the seeming 
contradiction in the characters given of this plant by the 
two celebrated botanists above quoted to observe, that what 
Brown calls bractes, are considered by Smith as appendixes 
of the calyx, and his bractes, which in this species are 
minute scales, are situated upon, or more generally at the base 
of, the peduncle. 

Our drawing was taken several years ago from a plant 
communicated by Messrs. Loddiges and Sons. Propagated 
by cuttings or seeds. Flowers in April and May. Requires 
to be protected from frost, 


( 2082 ) 
Viburnum rugosum. Canary Laurestine. 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Trigynia. 
Generic Character. 
Cat. 5-partitus, superus. Cor. 5-fida. Bacca 1-sperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Viburnum rugosum ; foliis lato-ovatis rugosis subtus hirtis, 
involucro universali heptaphyllo. Persoon Syn. 1. p. 
326, Bot. Reg. 376. 

Viburnum Tinus S. (strictum) foliis ovatis undique hirtis 
rigidis. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 2. p. 167. 

It is justly remarked in the Botanical Register, that Per- 
soon has wrongly quoted the variety «. hirta of the Hortusi 
Kevvensis as a synonym of this plant instead of $. stricta, as is 
proved by the specimens in the Banksian Herbarium, without 
the aid of which it would not have been easy to decide, and 
Persoon has himself marked his quotation as dubious. Vi- 
burnum rugosum is a more robust growing plant than any 
of the true varieties of Tinus, and has larger, harsher, and 
more hairy leaves. 

It is also more tender, and is usually and we believe properly, 
treated as a greenhouse shrub. The flowers are white both 
within and without, but the stigma being of a bright rose 
colour give them a lively appearance. 

Native of the Canaries. Introduced by Mr. Masson in 
1778. Our drawing was taken from a plant communicated 
by Messrs Barr and Brooke, of the Northampton nursery. 


I (k A \y. 

( 2083 ) 
Glycine sinensis. Chinese Glycine. 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 
(JaL 2-labiatus. Cqrollce carina apice yexillum reflectens. 

Specific Character. 

jGlycine sinensis ; caule frutescente volubili, foliis impari- 
pinnatis : foliolis ovatis acuminatis pubescentibus, racemis 
terminalibus ebracteatis multifloris. 

Descr. Stem climbing-, shrubby. Leaves odd-pinnate ; 
common petiole swelled at the base : leaflets usually eleven, 
ovate, acuminate, in opposite distant pairs, clothed on both 
sides with a thin silky adpressed pubescence, scarcely visible 
to the naked eye. Stipules subulate at the base of the partial 
footstalks. Racemes terminal, many-flowered, pendulous ; 
bractes, if any, very deciduous. Pedicles longer than the 
calyx, villous. Calyx villous, campanulate, two-lipped : upper- 
lip short, emarginate : under-lip three-toothed, middle one 
longest. Flowers papilionaceous, large, shewy. Vexillum 
orbicular, large, reflexed. Aim long and wide, joined toge- 
ther at the apex, applied close to the carina, which is broader 
than them. Stamens diadelphous \. Germen linear, ciliated 
its whole length along the upper edge : Style quite smooth : 
Stigma globular. 

Having had no opportunity of seeing the Legumen, it is 
hardly possible to ascertain the genus to which this plant 
belongs, but it approaches so near to Glycine frutescens of 
Linnaeus, that we are pretty certain that it must belong to 
the same genus ; which is not however a proper Glycine, and 
has even been separated from Apios by Mr. Nuttall under 
v the 

the name of Wisteria, These plants agree in habit, ia 
the form, number, position, and pubescence of the leaflets ; 
in the swollen base of the petiole ; in the terminal many- 
flowered racemes j in the shape of the vexillum ; and the 
connexion of the alae at the point. 

Our plant differs from Glycine frutescens in the greater 
length of the raceme ; the larger size and deeper violet colour 
of the flowers ; in the longer pedicels ; and in the want of 
or more deciduous nature of the bractes ; in the tube of the 
calyx being much shorter ; in the hairiness of the germen ; 
but scarcely in any other respect that we can discover. 

We prefer retaining it under the name of Glycine at 
present, (though neither this, G. frutescens, nor G. Apios, 
at all correspond with the generic character) as till the legu- 
men shall have been examined, it must be uncertain where 
it ought to be arranged. 

The specimen of this beautiful climber, from which our 
drawing was taken, was communicated through our friend, 
Alexander M'Leay, Esq. from the collection of Charles 
Hampden Turner, Esq. at Rooksnest-Park, near Godstone 
in Surry. The plant was brought from China three years 
ago by Captain Welbank ; and we are informed by his gar- 
dener, Mr. D. M'Leod, was at first kept in the peach-house, 
heated to 84°, where it was nearly destroyed by the red spider. 
On the heat being reduced to below 60°, the plant was more 
vigorous, but still weakly. Early in August the gardener 
removed it from the wall of the peach-house, set it in a pot 
of vegetable mould, and tied the branches to a stick. In the 
month of September it lost all its leaves. It was kept all the 
winter on the floor, in the coldest and darkest part of the 
greenhouse ; in which situation the mould in the pot was 
frozen three different times during the winter. In the be- 
gining of March it shewed flower-buds, and the plant was 
removed to a more favourable situation in the house ; but no 
leaves were put forth till the last week in March, when the 
flowers were nearly expanded. The gardener has propagated 
it both by layers and cuttings, and proposes to try how far 
it will bear the cold of our climate. 


■ vi x y 

( 2084 )• 
Erica fastigiata. Walker's Heath. 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. 4-phyllus. Cor. persistens : limbo 4-fido. Anthera 
ante anthesin per foramina duo lateralia connexae. Caps. 
4— 8-locularis, 4 — 8 valvis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Erica fastigiata ; antheris muticis, floribus subsessilibus 

terminahbus quaternis, bracteis calyci proximis, folns 

patentibus quaternis. 
Erica fastigiata, a. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 2. p. 395. 
Erica fastigiata ; antheris muticis iuclusis, corolhs hypo- 

crateriformibus fasciculatis, stylo incluso, folus quaternis. 

Sj/st. Veg.ed. 14. p. 368. Mant.66. 

Reichard Si/st. PL 2. p. 183. Persoon Si/n. 1. p. 428. 
Erica YVaikeria. Andrews's Heaths, Vol. 1. 
Erica mundula. Lodd. Bot. Cab. 

There is not a little difficulty in settling the species of this 
very extensive genus. Our 'present plant was called, by 
Andrews, Erica Walkeria, but was ascertained by the late 
Mr. Dryander to be the fastigiata of Linn,£us. We have 
before given our reasons for considering E. prinmloides, 
which this excellent botanist made the variety (3 of fastigiata, 
as a distinct species, and we still think these reasons sufficient. 

* Tbe Plate is, by mistake, numbered 2080. 


Erica fastigiala is' an upright small shrub, with erect 
branches ; leaves growing by fours, scarcely half an inch 
long, and spreading. The flowers are sessile, and grow by 
fours at the extremities of the branches. Calyx consists of 
four subulate leaflets, not above half the length of the tube 
of the corolla; close to these are three bractes, equal in length 
and similar to them, so that the calyx appears to consist of 
seven leaflets. Tube of the corolla a little inflated at the base 
only, being nearly cylindrical upwards, of a greenish white 
colour : the border is four-cleft ; lacinice spreading, flat, oval, 
white on the interior surface, the exterior more or less tinged 
with red. Anthers unarmed, included, dark purple. Stigma 
lobular, just appearing above the tube. 

Andrews has figured two other heaths as varieties of this, 
which he calls Erica Walkeria rubra and alba ; both of 
which appear to us to be distinct from, but the Erica mun- 
dula of Loddiges' Botanical Cabinet is undoubtedly the same 
with, our plant. 

Native of the Cape of Good Hope. Introduced by Mr. 
Masson in 1792. Flowers from February to June. Com- 
municated by Messrs. Loddiges and Sons. 


( 2085 ) 

Canna lutea. Yellow Indian Reed. 

»♦»♦♦♦♦♦♦» » ♦♦♦♦♦ ■» 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Anthera simplex filamcnti margini adnata. Stylus crassus, 
claviformis. Stigma obtusum. Caps. 3-locularis. Scm. glo- 
bosa, numerosa. 

SjKcific Character and Synonyms. 

Canna lutea ; corolhe limbo interiore bifido. Roscoe in Lin. 

Soc. transact. 8. p. 338. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. I. p. 2. 
Canna indica, |3. lutea. Hort. Kew. ed. I ma - v. I. p. I. 

mild. Sp. PL 1. p. 1? 
Canna indica flore luteo punctato. Rivin. fl. irreg. monop. 


Dr. Roxburgh, in his Flora Indica not yet published, 
asserts, that the two varieties of red and yellow Canna are 
exactly similar in the form of the corolla, and that conse- 
quently Mr. Roscoe's lutea must be different, as he describes 
the interior limb of the corolla as bifid. Our plant agrees 
however with the description of the latter botanist, the inte- 
rior border or limb consisting, not of three upright lacunae as 
in coccinea (No. 454) but of two only, and these are narrower 
and sharper pointed. The other parts of the corolla are 
nearly similar in both : the external limb consists of three 
latinise shorter than the internal, upright, nearly equal in 
size, pointed, with involute margins ; which m the present 
species are green upwards and purplish towards the base. 
The nectarium of Linnjeus is composed of two laciniffi ; the 
one reflexed, which has been stiled the labellum, or lower lip; 
the other, erect and revolute at the point, is called the fila- 

ment, because it bears the anther on its margin ; which 
organ when tiic blossom is expanded is a slender, long, brown 
body, attached from its base for about half its length to the 
margin of the filament or upper lip of the nectarium, the 
upper half remaining free. The style is a fleshy club-shaped 
body, rising far above the anther, rounded at the point, where 
it has generally a sphacelated appearance, but lias no well 
defined stigma. 

In order to understand the true organization of the parts 
of fructification, the flower-bud must be examined, as Mr. 
Brown so often recommends, long before the expansion of 
the corolla, for at the time this takes place the function of 
fecundation has been some time over, and the organs are 
become effete, and very much changed in their appearance. 
If the flower bud be examined before it is half the size that 
it arrives at when the blossom appears, the parts of fructifi- 
cation will be found remarkably different from what they are 
in an expanded flower. Removing carefully the calyx, the 
laciniae of the exterior limb and those of the internal, at this 
time very small, there comes in sight a large anther of an 
oblong elliptical shape, with a deep groove down the front of 
it. A short rounded filament supports this anther, and is 
inserted at the posterior part near its base. The style at this 
time is considerably shorter than the anther, is flat and 
brought to a thin edge on one side, and is terminated with 
a distinct, fleshy, lobular stigma, which is wasted at the 
opening of the flower. At the posterior and lower part of the 
anther and filament, but not extending half way up, is attached 
the rudiment of what afterwards becomes the petal-like fila- 
ment or upper lip of the nectarium, now rising far above the 
anther, and carrying it up on its margin in an etfete withered 
state ; the style also is extended greatly in length and loses 
its stigma. 

The above observations were made on the flowers of 
Canna coccinea, but are doubtless applicable also to Canna 
lutea, and probably in degree to the other species. 

Flowers most part of the year. Communicated by the 
Count de Yandes. 


( 2086 ) 


Class and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal 5-fidus, labiis proportionate, bibracteatus (bracteis 
pius ipso tubo insidentibus). Cor. papilionacea. Germen 



sessile, dispermum. Stylus subulatus, adscendens 
simplex. Strophiola seminis lobis posticis incisis. 

Specific Character. 

Pultenaa lenui folia; capitulis terminalibus subbifloris, fruc- 
tibus lateralibus foliis subulato-linearibus muticis supra 
concavis subtus convent ramulisque pilosis. Brown 

The Rowers in this delicate little shrub grow from one to 
three at the extremities of the branchlets ; but as these are 
proliferous or produce their young shoots from the same 
point, as soon as the flowering is over, the fruit becomes 
lateral ; and as it sometimes happens that this extension ot 
the branchlet takes place before the flowers drop, they will in 
such cases appear to be lateral instead of terminal. 1 he 
braciea, or appendices of the calyx, arc in this species 
inserted at the base of the tube, not, as in some others, 
at its superior part. The vcxillum is nearly orbicular, not 
emarginate, yellow within, and streaked with red on the 
outside : alee hardly exceeding half the length of the 
vexillum, connivent at the upper margin : carina shorter than 
these. The leaves are very narrow, and are convex on the 
under side, the margins being curved inwards instead ot 
being revolute as in most part of the genus; and with the 
branches and calyxes are covered with soft hairs. 

J rsative 

Native of the South coast of New Holland, and probably 
of Van Diemen's Island. It was observed in 6eveial parte of 
the former by Mr. Brown, to whom we are indebted for 
enabling- us to settle the species and to distinguish it f om the 
veslita of the Hortus Kewensis, under which name we 
received it. 

Flowers in April and May. Communicated by Messrs. 
Whitley, Brame, and Milne, from the Fulham Nursery, 


( 2087 ) 

Eucalyptus pulverulenta. Heart-leaved 

C7ass awd Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cat. superus, persistens, truncatus ante anthesin tectus 
operculo integerriroo, deciduo. Cor. 0. Caps. 4-locuiaris, 
ap.ce dehiscens, polysperma. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Eucalyptus pulverulenta ; operculo hemisphaerico, foliis 
oppositis orbiculato-cordatis intcgerrimis subcucullatis 
puiverulentis, pedunculis trifloris axillaribus cum floribus 
folio brevioribus. 

Eucalyptus cordata ; operculo hcmisphffirico mucronato, 
foliis oppositis sessilibus cordatis crenatis. Labill. Nov. 
lloll.p. 13. /. 152? 

Notwithstanding Mr. Brown informs us, tbat the specimen 
of Labillahdiere's plant above quoted, is much less evidently 
crcuulate than is represented in his figure, yet we can hardly 
venture to consider our plant as the same species ; the leaves 
being rounder than in that, the common peduncle shorter 
than the calyx, instead of being the length of the flower 
together with the operculum. Besides that cordata, according 
io & Labillardiere is a lofty tree, which we should hardly 
expect ours to become, having a weak green stem hardly 
able to support itself, and seemingly adapted to grow in 
thickets where it might be supported by the neighbouring 
shrubs. But we do not put full confidence in these observa- 
tions, because the foliage and habit of young plants often 
change so materially, when they become arboreous. The 
younger leaves are very white on the upper surface but 


green underneath, and the colour consisting of a fine white 
powder is easily washed or rubbed off, and hence is hardly 
seen upon the older leaves. 

There are at least three distinct species, known by the 
name of glauca in our collections ; on which account we have 
chosen to call our plant by one better adapted to the nature 
of the white colour, which is very like that of Cassine 

Native of New Holland. Flowers in April and May. 
Communicated by Messrs. Barr and Brookes, of the North- 
ampton Nursery. 


( 2088 ) 

Templetonia glauca. Glaucous-leaved 

♦4i $♦♦♦♦♦$ ♦♦♦♦♦♦#$#$ 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. ebracteatus, 5-dentatus : dentibus parum inaequalibus. 
Carina oblonga. Stam. omnia connexa ? antheris uni- 
formibus. Legumen pedicellatum, plano-compressum, poly- 
spermum. Semina strophiolata. 

Specific Character. 

Templetonia glauca ; foliis glaucis bracteis duabus calyci 
approximatis, staminibus hypodiadelphis. 

The plant from which our drawing was taken was commu- 
nicated by Mr. William Kent, from his curious collection 
of exotics at Clapton. It differs from Templetonia relusa 
chiefly in the glaucous colour of the leaves, which are 
obcordate-cuneate, slightly emarginate, with a small mucro : 
those on the young shoots are yellowish green and not at all 
glaucous. The flowers arc large, of a deep scarlet colour, 
axillary, solitary, on short peduncles, which arc furnished 
with two concave bractes close to the calyx, but not attached 
thereto. These bractes in retusa are described as being 
situated in the middle of the peduncle, and, if constant, this 
circumstance may afford a good distinguishing character. 
The petals are all nearly equal in length : vexillum oblong- 
ovate, emarginate, concave, in our plant not at all reflexed : 
aU linear lanceolate : petals of the carina united at the 
tip. Stamens, which in retusa are described as monadel- 
phous, were not altogether so; one of the filaments being 


shorter than the rest, and though slightly united, was easily 
separable to the base. Germen linear, pedicled : ovula 
several. Style nearly twice the length of the germen. 

Native of the South-west coast of New Holland, where it 
was discovered by Robert Brown, Esq. who first established 
the genus Templetonia, Ventenat having referred it to 
Rafnia, Flowers in April and May. 


( 2089 ) 
Viola biflora. Two-flowered Violet. 

CZass «wrf Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cat. 5-phyllus. Cor. 5-petala, irregularis,, postice cornuta. 
Anth. cohae rentes. Caps, supera, 3-vaIvis, 1-Iocularis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Viola biflora ; caule bifloro foliis reniformibus serratis, 

Wilid. Sp. PL 1. p. 1167. Horl. Kew. ed. alt. 2. p. 

47. Gmel. Sibir. 4. p. 98. rc. 61. F/or. Dan. t. 46. 

Decand. Fl. franc, v. 5. p. 808. 
Viola biflora ; pedunculis caulinis, stipulis Ianceolatis, foliis 

reniformibus. Scop. FL Carniol. n. 1099. 
Viola caule debili paucifloro, foliis petiolatis, reniformibus, 

obtuse dentatis. Hall. Hist. n. 564. 
Viola alpina rotundifolia lutea. Bauh. Pin. 199. Bauh. 

Hist. 3. p. 545,/. 1. 
Viola montana I ma - Clus. Pan. p. 357. Hist. 1. p. 309. / %. 
Viola flore luteo. Icon. Gesn. cen. t. 8. f. 70. 
Viola alpina rotundifolia minor lutea. Pluk. Phyt. t. 233. f 7. 

The Viola biflora is a small hardy perennial ; native of the 
Alps, of the South of Europe, and of Siberia. 

Clusius mentions his having been informed that this violet 
was found in the mountains of the North of England, whence 
it has been supposed to be indigenous to this country. And 
in Solander's manuscripts it is said to have been found in the 
Welch mountains. This does not however appear to have 
been confirmed, for it is not recorded as a British species in 
the Compendium Florae Britannicae of Sir James Edward 

The figure of this plant in the Flora Danica, above quoted, 
is very good ; and Plvkenet/s is no bad representation of its 

habit ; 

habit ; all the other figures are very indifferent except that 
of Gesner, which is not amiss, but is designed from a one- 
flowered variety. 

Cultivated by Philip Miller, in 1752; yet seems to be 
little understood by our collectors, for we have received it 
under the names of pubescens and of pusilla. Flowers in 
April and May. Communicated by Messrs. Malcolm, from 
their extensive collection at Kensington. 


( 2090 ) 


Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. Iongitudine Leguminis. Stam. diadelpha. Legxmen 
monospermum, subrostratum, evalve. 

Specific Character. 

Psoralea arborea, foliis pinnatis, quinque-jugis ; foliolis 
lineari-lanceolatis, pedunculis axillaribus unifloris folio 
longioribus, bractea monophylla bilabiata calyci hirsuto 

Descr. Stem woody with a smooth bark. Branches 
angulated. Leaves pinnate : leaflets from four to six, more 
usually five pair, with an odd one, linear lanceolate, smooth, 
an inch long, opposite, distant. Stipules callous, ovate, 
recurved. Peduncles axillary, hairy, one-flowered, longer 
than the leaf, furnished with a single one-leafed, two-lipped 
bracte near the calyx, which is one-leafed, 5-toothed, covered 
with black hairs. Corolla papilionaceous : vexillum large, 
reflexed, emarginate. Alee smaller by half, standing forward. 
Carina small, incurved. 

Mr. Blake, gardener to James Vere, Esq. raised this plant 
from seed sent from the Cape of Good Hope, under the name 
of arborea, and says that he has before known it so called in 
different collections. We cannot find that it has been any 
where described, unless it should be the Usvigata of the Sup- 
plementum Plantarum of the younger Linnaeus, with the 
description of which, however, it does not correspond in 
several important particulars. From the odoratissima of 
Jacquin it differs in the great length of the peduncles, as 
well as in the leaflets being fewer in number and longer, 
Flowers in May. 


( 2091 ) 


Class and Order. 
Decandria Monogyma, 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-tidus, labiis proportionatis, bibracteatus (bracteis 
saepius ipso tubo insidentibus). Cor. papilionacea. Germcn 
sessile, dispermum. Stylus subulatus, adscendens. Stigma 
simplex. Strophiola seminis lobis posticis incisis. 

Specific Character. 

Pulten'jEA biloba ; capitulis terminalibus paucifloris, foliis 
cuneiformibus apice dilatato-bilobis supra tuberculato- 
scabris subtus sericeis, mucrone brevi marginibusque 
recurvis. Brown Mss. 

Pultenvea scabra ; capitulis foliis subulato-linearibus supra 
concavis subtus convexis setaceo-mucronatis margine 
recurvis supra scabris subtus villosis, stipulis setaceis 
recurvis. Brown in Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 3. p. 18. 

Descr. Stem shrubby, branched; branches patent, clothed 
with white branched hairs : branchlets short, alternate, 
subequal, bearing from two to four flowers, in a terminal 
capitulum. Leaves wedge-shaped, ciliated, divided at the apex, 
into two lobes with a short recurved mucro between them, 
tubercular on the upper surface, and silky on the under, 
with recurved margins. Stipules deciduous, black, patent. 
Calyx campanulate, with a five toothed border ; teeth acute, 
lengthened : bractes (appendixes of Smith) two, lanceolate, 
attached to the upper part of the tube of the calyx. Corolla 
papilionaceous : vexillum suborbiculatc, cmarginate, subcon- 
nivent, golden yellow. Alee smaller, oblong, of the same 


colour. Carina two-petaled, dark purple. Filaments di- 
stinct. Style longer than these : stigma simple. 

PultjenjEA biloba is a very pretty lively little shrub, pro- 
ducing from April to July, abundance of golden yellow flowers 
with a dark purple keel. It is most nearly allied to Pulten/ea 
scabra of the Hortus Kewensis, from which however it is 
very distinct, the leaves of the latter being oblong-wedge- 
shaped, and truncated, not dilated into two lobes at the apex, 
as in our plant, in which also the stipules are not recurved, 
but patent, or sometimes upright. 

We are indebted to our friend Mr. Robert Brown, for 
his assistance in determining this species, by whom it was 
first discovered in New South Wales. 

Raised from seeds by Messrs. Loddiges and Sons some 
years ago, by whom it was communicated to us. 



nh. Scr^.i.. 

( 2092 ) 

Cactus phyllanthoides. Rose^flowered 

Class and Order* 


Generic Character. 

Cat. 1-phyllus, superus, imbricatus. Cor. multiplex, 
Bacca 1-locuiaris, polysperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Cactus phyllanthoides; caulibus compressis foliaceis margins 
serrato-repandis, petalis interioribus tubo longioribus. 
De Cand. Hoft. Monsp.p. 84. n. 41. 

Cactus spetiosus ; caulibus articulatis, compressis, foliaceis, 
serrato-repandis ; floribus magnis tubo inermi, squamu- 
loso. Bonpl. Plantes Nav. et Malm. p. 8. t. 3. Bot. 
Reg. 304. 

Phyllanthos americana sinuosis foliis longis crassis et car- 
nosis, Opuntia3 in modum florigera. Pluk. Aim. p. 295. 
Phyt.t. 247. /. 5. Synonymon Cacto Phyllantho ohm 
relatum, sed, ob tubi brevitatern, hue potius pertinens. 

This very beautiful plant is a native of South America, 
and was discovered by the celebrated travellers Humboldt 
and Bontland in April 1801, near the small village of Tur- 
baco, a few leagues south of Carthagena, at an elevation of 
about 390 yards above the sea shore, growing upon the trunks 
of old trees. 

It first flowered in Europe in May 1811, and at the same 
time, both in the garden of Malmaison, then belonging to 
the late Empress Josephine, and in the Botanic garden at 
Montpelier. In the latter place it was described and named 
by the Professor of Botany, and subsequently the one which 
flowered at Paris, was described and figured by M. Bonpland 


under the name of speciota. But De Candolle's name of 
phyllanlhoides having - the right of priority, we of course 
adopt it, and the more willingly, because Willdeinow lad 
previously given the name of speciosa to a different species. 

M. DeCandolle remarks, that before it flowered this plant 
could no way be distinguished from Cactus Phyllantlius, but 
the flower is totally different, that of the latter having a tube 
many times longer than the limb, and being of a greenish 
white colour, expanding in the night, and diffusing a fragrant 
odour ; whilst our plant expands in the day time and is 

Authors generally describe both a calyx and corolla, but 
we perceive no distinction, unless the calyx had fallen from 
all the flowers before we saw them. To us it appears that 
the scales on the tube of the flower gradually enlarge till they 
become petals, the internal ones being the longest. The 
filaments arc very many, the length of the flower, and, with 
the oval anthers, white. Style equal to the filaments, and in 
each of the three flowers of our specimen divided into seven 
stigmas. Germen inferior, one celled ; ovula many, shining, 
attached to the parietes by a cord that half surrounds the 
ovulum and enters it at its most distant point. 

The fine specimen from which our drawing was taken, was 
liberally communicated by Thomas Wildman, Esq. of 
Lay ton, in Essex, in May last. 


( 2093 ) 

Convolvulus Turpethum. Turbith Bind- 


$# & & &#*# * ■*■■*• ^Nf £• £ & -#- & -#- 

CYcss owd Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character, 

Cor. campanulata, plicata. Stigmata 2. Caps. 2-locu- 
feris : loculis dispermis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Convolvulus Turpethum; voluhilis, foliis cordatis angulatis, 

caivcis foliolis externis max? mis carnosis, fiuctu mflato, 

loculis monospermy, seminibus glabris. 
Convolvulus Turpethum; foliis cordatis angulatis, caulc 

membranaceo quadiangulari, pedunculis multiiloris. Sp. 

PL 221. Spit. Veg. ed. 14. p. 201. IVilld. 1. p. 859. 

Persoon St/n. I. p. 179. n. 57. 
IroM^A Turpethum. Brovcn Prodr. p. 401 Bot. Reg. 279 
Turpethum rcpens foliis allheae vcl iudicum. Bauk. Pin. 

149. Blackw. Herb. t. 307. fig. ex Hermanns cor- 

Convolvulus indicus alalus maximus foliis Ibisco nohnihil 

similibus angulosis. Ihrm. Liigdb. p. 177. t. 178 $ 9. 

Desc. Stem climbing, quadrangular : flowering branches 
obsoletely angular, lactescent. Leaves oblong-cordate : upper 
ones narrowest, variously sinuate and angular; veins on the 
upper surface depressed, on the under raised. Peduncles 
solitary, axillary, longer than the petiole, furnished near the 
middle with two very small ovate bractes, which fall off long 
before the flower appears. Calyx of five leaflets, of which 
the two outer are much the largest, completely concealing the 
others, slightly tinged with purple, succulent and covered with 


dark spots on the inside, which shew through and remairf 
When the calyx is quite dried, persistent, and in the fruit much 
ii.ii.u, u and membranous. Capsule perhaps naturally 4-celIed, 
as rigured and described by Herman, but one, two, or three of 
them frequently fail, reducing* them at times to the lowest 
number. Each cell contains one smooth seed, nor in the 
germen could we find more than one ovulum in each cell 
Style divides easily into two parts, or probably into as many 
as there are cells. Filaments dilated at the base, or a broad 
band runs from their insertion down to the bottom of the 
corolla, but connate with it. 

We have chosen to retain the old name of Convolvulus 
rather than adopt that of Ipom,ea ; not only for the reason 
mentioned at No. 1572, but from an apprehension that this 
species, with some other analogous ones, will eventually be 
separated into a distinct genus, for which the large succulent 
calyx becoming in the fruit inflated and bladder-like, the 
transparent crown of the capsule and the single-seeded cells 
seem to afford sufficient data ; 

The Convolvulus Turpethum has a very extensive range, 
being found in Ceylon, Sumatra, Malabar, Coromandel, New 
Holland, and Otaheite, or at least species approaching so near 
to each other that it is not easy to distinguish them. There 
is however a considerable variation in the appearance of the 
bracteae, which in the specimens preserved in Herman's 
Herbarium, now in possession of Sir Joseph Banks, and 
especially in one from Tranquebar, are membranaceous, 
large, coloured, and sometimes remain on till the flower is 
nearly expanded ; the stems also vary much in the angles, 
being more or less winged ; in our specimens, which were 
only of the flowering branches, they were not only not at all 
winged, but the angles themselves were obsolete. 

VVe were favoured with the specimens from which our 
drawing was made, in April last, by the lion. William 
Herbert, of Spofforth. 


( 2094 ) 

Berckheya uniflora. One-flowered 

•$-£4*$ *- •&• # # & # #$ fr * -&M- ^ -&■ 

Class and Order. 
Syngenesia Polygamia Frustranea. 

Generic Character. 

Receptaculum favosum. Semina villosa. Pappus palea- 
ceus (nunc sctoso-paleaceus ciliatus). Cat. l-pjhyllus : foliolis 
imbricatis tectus Brown. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Berckheya uniflora ; foliis alternis lanceolatis spinoso-den- 
iatis subtus tomentosis, caulc herbaceo unifloro, calycinis 
squamis lanceolatis spinoso-serratis radium subasquan- 
tibus. Willd. Sp. PL 3. p. 2274. Pcrsoon Syn. 2. p. 481. 

Rohria monanthos ; foliis ellipticis subtus tomentosis, caly- 
cimis foliolis lanceolatis ciliato-spinosis. Thunb. Prodr. 
140. Act. Soc. Nat. Serut. Hafn. 3. p. 102. t. 7. 

The genus Berckheya was established by Fred. Ehrhart, 
in honour of J. F. Van Berkiiey, author of a learned treatise 
on the structure of compound flowers, antecedently to the 
name of Rohria by Thunberg, which it has accordingly 

In one circumstance this plant does not altogether corres- 
pond with the above generic character; the leaflets of the 
calyx being divided quite to the base, but in other respects it 
agrees well. The seeds are sunk in the cells of the recep- 
tacle, are covered with long white hairs, and crowned with 
a pappus, consisting of a regular row of lanceolate paleae, 
which are longer than the seed. The interior row of the 
leaflets of the calyx are narrow -lanceolate, quite entire, erect, 


and armed with an extremely sharp spine : the exterior ranks 
a'e wider, and armed, not at the point only, but at the margins, 
with spinous ciliae. 

The Bercrheya uniflora is an herbaceous perennial 
Flowers from August to October. Native of the Cape of 
Good Hope. Communicated by Mr. Jenkins, from his bota- 
nical garden in Gloucester Place, New Road. 

Ptti . iy. $ ■ U^rUa .If o I . 

( 2095 ) 


C7«ss flwrf Order. 
SyngenEsia Polygamia Frustranea. 

Generic Character. 

Receptaculum favosum. Scmina glabra. Pappus 0. 
Calyx monophyllus, &liolis imbricatis tecius. Brown. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Cullumia ciliaris ; foliis ovatis glabris imbricatis bifariam 

cihato-spinosis : spina terminal! reflexa. Br. in Hort. 

Kew ed alt. 5. p>. 137. Bnt. Reg. 384. 
Berckheya ciliaris ; ioiiis ovatis glabns imbricatis margine 

et costa media ciiiato spinosa. apice spinoso, spina 

reflexa. Willd. Sp. PL 1. p. 2213. Persoon Syn. 2. 

p. 481. 
Rohria ciliaris ; folfis ovatis g'abris bifariam ciliatis ciliis 

exterioribus spinaque terminali n flex is. Thunb. Prodr. 

140. Act. Soc. Nut Scrut. Hafn S. p. 99. 
Gorteria ciliaris; foliis imbricatis bifariam ciliatis; ciliis 

exterioribus spinaque terminali reflexis. Sp. PL 1284. 

Hort. Kcw.ed 1.3. p.2hb. 
Carlina foliis imbricatrs oblongis reticularis et in aculeum 

aduncum desinentibus Burm. Afr. 151. t. 54. f. 1. 
Atractulis 4. Carduus africanus ufeus, atractylidis facie, 

extremo foliorum aculeo adunco D. Herman. Raj. 

Suppl. 196. 
Atkactylidis facie aculeosa a?thiopica. Pluk. Amalth. 51. 

/. 354. / 3. Seb. Mus. 1. t. 23. f. I. 

Desc. Stem shrubby : branches closely covered with imbri- 
cated av;Ae leaves, terminated with a reflexed, sharp, brown spine, 
and having their margins ciliated with a double row of spines, 
*>f which, the outer row is reflected, the inner erect, forming a 


wonderful defence, offering- points in every direction. Calyx 
squarrose : leaflets imbricate, armed with spines in the same 
manner as the leaves, except that the interior ones have the 
terminal spine erect and their margins naked, the exterior 
leaflets have a black gland at the base of the marginal spine. 
Radius bright yellow, many flowered : florets narrowed at 
both ends, emarginate, 5-nerved, barren : disk flat, yellow : 
florets 5-cleft, erect, fertile : anthers and style bareiy pro- 
truded. Seeds without pappus, immersed in the deep cells 
of the receptacle, which, having a bristly margin, give, at 
first sight, the appearance of a pappus. 

The genus Gorteria, as constituted by Linxjeus, contain- 
ing many plants which have but slight affinity to each other, 
has been divided by later botanists into several. Cullumia 
was established by Mr. Brown, and " dedicated to the 
honour of the late Sir John Cullum, Bart, an elegant and 
accomplished scholar and botanist, as well as of his brother, 
the present Sir Thomas Gery Cullum, Bart. F. R. A. and 
L. S. an excellent British botanist, one of the most ardent 
cultivators of this lovely science, whose friendship alone can 
be more valued than his various and extensive information." 
Sir Jas. Edw. Smith in Rees's Cyclopadia. 

Introduced in 1774 by Mr. Francis Masson. Native of 
the Cape of Good Hope, growing at the summit of the Devil's 
mountain. Requires the protection of the green-house in 
winter. Flowers in Mav and June. Communicated by 
Messrs. Loddiges and Sons. 






; ><v 



•tM 1 

{ 2096 ) 
Ferula persica. Persian Fennel-Giant. 

■*■%% $ » »♦ » # »♦ ♦ » ■ »♦ ♦ » 

Cfoss and Order. 


Generic Character. 
Fructus ovalis, compresso-planus, striis utrinque 3. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Ferula persica ; foliis supra decompositis : foliolis multifidis 

acutis decurrentibus, umbella primordiali sessiii. Willd. 

Sp. PL I. p. 1413. f/orf. /Cezo. e</ eft. 2 p. 137. But. 

Repos. 558. Persoon Syn. I. p. 312. n. 13. 
Assa f(etida. //o/>e in Philos. trans, v. 75. 1785. />. 36. f. 

3. £4. 
Ferula Assa foetida. Mart. Mill. Bid. n. 9. Excluso 

Synonnymo Kaempferi. 

Seeds of the Ferula persica were sent to Pallas from the 
mountains of Ghilan in Persia, supposed to be those of the 
plant producing the Assa foetida. From these several plants 
were raised by the Professor at Petersburgh, and two of these 
were sent by Dr. Guthrie to the late Dr. Hope, Professor of 
botany in Edinburgh, one of which lived and produced seeds, 
and from this source probably sprung the plant in the Apo- 
thecaries garden at Chelsea, from which our drawing was 

That this is the real plant producing the Assa foetida, 
seems confirmed by the strong smell of that drug which per- 
vades the whole herb, and indeed we have picked otf small 
globules of true Assa foetida that had exuded from the stem. 
At the same time it is evident that it is not the same species 
as described by the accurate K.e upper. This author, whilst 
he allows that the inhabitants of Chorasan and Laristan, the 
two provinces famous for this production, believe that their 


plants are of a different kind,, convinced himself, by an exami- 
nation of both., that there was no real difference between 
them : so that it must remain doubtful whether we have yet 
seen the true species producing the Assafoetida ; but from our 
present greater intercourse with Persia, it is probable that we 
shall not be long without more satisfactory information. 

It appears from ILempfer's account that the plants which 
produce the drug in abundance, are confined to very limited 
districts, and that beyond these, their smell becomes much 
less powerful, and is at length so mild, that goats are very 
fond of it, and fatten wonderfully upon it. An observation 
which does not tend to encourage the expectations entertained 
by the late Professor Hope, that this drug might hereafter be 
produced in our own country. 

It is a hardy perennial. Flowers from May to July. 
Communicated by Mr. William Anderson, from the Botanic 
garden at Chelsea. 


( 2097 ) 


^Mfr^# #•-#• #- %■ #-#■# ## %%■ %■%> 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

Generic Character. 

Petala 5, subpatentia. Labellum basi antice in cornu 
liberum productum. Anthera terminalis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Limodorum falcatum ; foliis subradicalibus ensiformi-eanali- 
culatis falcatis, scapis paucifloris, cornu filiformi longis- 
simo. Swartz in Nov. Act. Ups. v. 6. p. rj. tt ii( I. 
Sp. PI. 4. p. 126. Persoon Syn. p. 520. n. 10. hot. 
Reg. 283. Thunb. Ic. PL Jap. L 6. 

Orchis falcata. Thunb. Jap. p. 26. Syst. Veg. ed. 14. p. 

This pretty little plant is also very fragrant. It is a native 
of Japan, where, according to Thunbekg, it grows on the 
mountains among shrubs ; but as this traveller had no oppor- 
tunity of gathering the plants from their place of growth, it must 
be uncertain whether it grew on the earth, on rocks, or parasiti- 
cally on trees ; by the manner in which it puts forth its roots, if 
they can be so called, we should judge that its natural situa- 
tion was not on the soil. Our plant was cultivated in the 
garden of the Horticultural Society as an air plant, being sus- 
pended from the roof of the stove in a basket with only a 
little moss in it; and was communicated by the society's gar- 
dener, Mr. Charles Strachan, in May last. 

It was first cultivated in England by Sir Abraham Hume, 
at Wormleybury, who received the plant from the East Indies, 
through the late Dr. Roxburgh. 


( 2098 ) 

Orobus Lathyroides. Upright Bitter- 

C/flss awd Order. 


Generic Character. 

Stylus linearis. CaZ. basi obtusus: laciniis superioribus 
profundioribus, brevioribus. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Orobus Lathyroides ; foliis conjugatis subscssilibus, stipulis 

dentatis. Hort. Ups. 220. Sp. PL 1027. Syst. Veg. 

14. p. 661. Willd. 3. p. 1072. Ilort. Kew. ed. alt. 4. 

p. 303. Persoon Syn. 2. p. 303. Pall it, 2. p. 559. 

Gmel. Sib. 4. p. 12. ,.., ..:-.; 

Lathyroides erecta, folio ovato-acuminato, caerulcis viciaa 

floribus et siliquis, sibirica. Amman Ruth. p. 124. n. 

151. t.n.j.2. 

Linmeus first constructed a botanical language upon philo- 
sophical principles, by means of which, each idea might be 
expressed without any useless words. He carried this so far 
that, by his peculiar punctuation alone, he often expresses 
what other authors use many words to arrive at. In like 
manner the use of capital or small letters was with him never 
arbitrary, but expressive of some idea. But of late we observe 
that botanists are frequently inattentive to this precision. 1 lie 
present plant affords an instance of this neglect, which, how- 
ever, may perhaps have originated in an oversight of the 
great botanist himself. In all late systematic publications the 
specific name is written lathyroides with a small /; winch 
would signify that the plant in the author's idea was lathyrus- 
like. But it appears to us that in this instance Linnaeus did 


not use the term as an adjective, but because Messerschmid 
had constituted a genus under the name of Lathyroides from 
this plant, and that consequently it should have been written 
with a capital h, Orobus Lathyroides, denoting" that it was a 
species of Orobus that had been called a Lathyroides ; just 
as Anthyllis Erinacea denotes, that the plant had been before 
called Erinacea by Clusius ; which had it been written 
erinacea, would have been merely an epithet signifying that 
it was prickly like a hedge-hog ; or as Rumex Britannica 
denotes a species of Rumex, supposed to be the herb called 
by the ancients Britannica, which had it signified British 
would have been britannicm. We have observed that the 
error might probably arise from an oversight of Linnaeus 
himself, because as early as in the twelfth edition of the 
Systema Vegetabilium, we find it written with a small letter, 
lathyroides, which we account for in this way ; Linnaeus 
in the second edition of the Species Plantarum, the first in 
which he made use of trivial, or, as we now generally call 
them, specific names, had in all cases used a capital letter for 
words ending in oides, which being, according to his own 
rule of using small letters to all adjectives, evidently wrong, 
he afterwards corrected ; and we suppose that in the general 
change the present name was inadvertently altered with 
the rest. 

The Orobus Lathyroides is a hardy perennial, worthy of 
cultivation for the beauty of its (lowers. Native of Siberia, 
where it is said to be very corn moil on the open hills and 
among the herbage. It is easily propagated by parting its 
roots or by seeds ; yet it is not a plant of very common 
occurrence in our gardens. Flowers in June. Cultivated 
by Phillip Miller in 1758. Communicated by Messrs. 
Chandler and Buckingham from their extensive collection 
at Vauxhall. 





lui. Ty.S.CuTtis.Valx, 

( 2099 ) 


Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia, 

Generic Character. 

Cor. infundibuliformis. Stigmata 2, crassiuscula. Baxca 
oblonga, infera. Sem. quadrifariam disposita. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Mussjenda pubescens ; ramis foliisque pubescentibus, tubo 
corollae multoties longiore laciniis calycinis. Hort. Kew. 
ed. alt. 1. p. 372. 

Cum Mun fa. Chinese drawings, in the library of Sir 
Joseph Banks. 

The beauty and singularity of this plant arise from a very 
unusual deviation from the ordinary structure ; the free part 
of the calyx is divided into very narrow subulate segments ; 
in our specimens about half the length of the tube of the 
corolla (Dryander says in the Hortus Kewensis many times 
shorter). But what is singular is, that in many, but not all 
of the flowers, one of these segments, and one only, expands 
into an ovate thin leaf or kind of bracte of a very white colour, 
veined and more or less tinged with green. 

There are several other species of Muss^nda which pro- 
duce similar bractes, varying however in form and colour, 
Mussjenda pubescens is a native of China and succeeds well 
in a good greenhouse. We were favoured with the specimen 
from which our drawing was made by Mr. William Kent, 
from his very fine collection at Clapton. Flowers most part 
-of the Summer 




( 2100 ) 

Calostemma purpureum. Purple 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cor. supera, infundibuliformis, limbo 6-partito. Nectarium 
iubulosum, ore 12-dentato : dentibus alternis subulatis anthe- 
riferis. Anlherce versatile*. Germen 1-loculare, 2 — 3-sper- 
mum. Stylus filiformis. Stigma obtusum. Bacca\_Capsula~\ 
sphaerica, I — 2-sperma. Brown, (mutatis termims.) 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Calostemma purpureum ; foliis Iineari-loratis, nectario sub- 
sexfido : Iaciniis tridentatis, dente intermedio staminifero. 

Calostemma purpureum ; scapo florido foliis Iineari-loratis 
praecociore, corona? dentibus steriiibus triangularibus. 
Brown Prodr. p. 298. 

Desc. Bulb roundish. Leaves narrow, thong-like, obtuse, 
concave towards the base. Scape about two feet high, somewhat 
flattened, filled with juicy pith. Flowers purple, growing in 
an umbel of about sixteen, on pedicles from an inch and half 
to half an inch long. Corolla funnel-shaped : tube grooved, 
shorter than the limb, which is obovate-concave, obtuse 
with a small macro. Nectarium or croicn, tubular, shorter 
than the limb, greenish, margin divided into six superficial 
laciniffi terminated with three" small teeth : the middle one 
bearing the filament. The divisions are generally superficial, 
but sometimes one or more of them extend far down the 
nectarium. Stamens hardly equaling the corolla : anthers- 
ovate. Germen inferior, globular, one-celled with two ovula, 
one of which is generally abortive. Style a little longer than 
the stamens. Stigma simple. Capsule one-seeded. Seed 

large, smooth, oval or spherical 


We were favoured with the plant from which our drawing 
was taken by Edward Barnard., Esq. of the Colonial Depart- 
ment, who -flowered it in July last, at Bexly in Kent, by 
setting- tiie pot halfway up in water. The bulb was imported 
from New South Wales in 1817 It was discovered in the 
expedition to the south-westward from Port Jackson, beyond 
the blue mountains, and was sent to Mr. Barnard, together 
with a drawing- by Mr. Lewin, under the name of Pancratium 
Macquaria, given to it in honour of the Governor of New 
South Wales. But Mr. Robert Brown,' had long before found 
the same species upon Mount Brown, at the head of Spencer's 
gulf on the south-west side of New Holland, and published it 
in his Prodromusj as above quoted, under the name which 
ve have adopted. 


HA-by. &. Curti 

WvlMlTtx,. Oct l:SiJ. 

( 2101 ) 

Calostemma luteum. Yellow Calostemma. 

t $ » ♦ 4$ ft ♦ * ♦ % ♦,♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ frfr fr 

C/tfss #wd Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Corolla supera, infundibuliformis, limbo sexpartito. Nee 
tarium tubulosum, ore 12-dentato, dentibus alternis subu- 
latis antheriferis. Anther ce versatiles. Germen l-loculare, 
2 — 3-spermum. Stylus filiformis. Stigma obtusum. Bacca 
[Capsula~\ sphasrica, 1 — 2-sperma. 

Specific Character. 

Calostemma luteum; foliis lineari-Ioratis, nectario subintegra 
inter stamen utrumque bidenticulato. 

However readily this plant and the preceding are dis- 
tinguished by the colour of the flowers, it is not easy to find 
specific distinguishing characters. The corolla of luteum 
is somewhat larger and less connivent ; but the principal 
difference exists in the nectarium, which, at least in the few 
specimens that we had an opportunity of examining, had a 
margin more entire, not divided into so distinct lacinia?, or if 
the smaller indentations can be considered as lacinia?, the 
filament rises from the sinus between the lacinias and not 
from the middle of the Iacinia as in purpureum. But we 
must acknowledge that we have not examined a sufficient 
number of flowers to be certain that this distinction will 
always hold good. If not, the colour of the flowers alone 
makes it probable that they are not mere varieties ; for it has 
been doubted whether purple flowers ever vary to yellow 
in the same species ; the few instances in which this variation 
has been supposed to take place being uncertain. There are 
six bright crimson spots on the base of the nectarium which 
Show through the interstices between the outer Iaciniee. 


This plant was found on the same expedition as the pre- 
ceding and bulbs of both species were sent to the botanical 
«-arden, belonging to the Apothecaries Company, at Chelsea, 
by Barron Field, Esq. Judge of the supreme court of civil 
judicature in New-South-Wales ; where our drawing- of the 
present plant was taken, and both sorts flowered, under the 
management of Mr. Anderson, in great perfection. 


( 2102 ) 


»♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦ ♦<>♦ 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cat. 4 — 5-dentatus, campanulatus, superus. Cor. 4 — 5- 
petala, calyci inserta. Stamina longissima. Scm. I, 4 — 5- 
angulare ; angulis membranaceis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Combretum purpureu?n ; floribus decandris, racemis sim- 
plicibus compositisque, foliis ovato-oblongis. 

Combretum coccineum floribus decandris, spicis laxis pa- 
niculatis. (Chigonier de Madagascar.) Lam. Encyl. 1. 
p. 734. Ill.t.2$2.f.2. 

Combretum purpureum ; foliis ovato-oblongis calycibusque 
nudis, spicis simplicibus secundis. Vahl Symb. 3. p. 51. 
Per soon Syn. 1. p. 4. 

Combretum purpureum ; foliis oppositis ovatis acutis, racemis 
secundis bracteatis, bracteis pcdunculo brevioribus, flori- 
bus decandris. Willd. Sp. PI 2. p. 319. 

Cristaria. Sonnerat it. 2. p. 247. t. 140. 

This beautiful climbing shrub is a native of Madagascar, 
and was raised from seeds sent from the Mauritius to our 
friend Robert Barclay, Esq. ; and flowered in his stove at 
Bury Hill in June last, among many other rare plants from 
that country. 

This species is constantly decandrous, and has five petals 
and five wings to the seed-vessel ; for it appears to us to be 
a five-winged capsule, containing a single seed about the size 
and shape of a barley-corn, rather than a naked seed with 

membranaceous angles. 

° Our 

Our drawing was taken by Mr. Duncombe, and kindly 
communicated by Mr. Barclay, together with a specimen of 
the foliage and a seed ; but we had no opportunity of seeing 
the flowers. 

This plant was first recorded as a Combretum by Lamarck, 
in the Encyclopedic Botanique, and a specimen of the plant 
was given by him to the late Professor Vahl, who changed 
the specific name to purpureum : but as there seems to be no 
good reason for this alteration, we should have certainly 
thought it right to restore the original appellation ; only that 
of Vahl having been adopted in the popular systems 
of Willdenow and Persoon, the restoration might now 
tend to occasion confusion. 




< I 

. *j_ x? 

/^ . 



( 2103 ) 

Glycine frutescens. Carolina Kidney- 

Class and Order. 

Diadelpiha Decandria. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 2-labiatus. Corolla? carina apice vexillumrcflectens. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Glycine frutescens ; foliis impari pinnatis novenis ovatis, 

racemis bracteatis. caule frutescente volubili. Willd. 

Sp. PL 3. p. 1067. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 4. p. 298. 

Persoon. Syn. 2. p. 301. 
Glycine frutescens ; foliis impari-pinnatis, caule perenni. 

Sp. PI. 1025. 
Glycine frutescens ; sarmentis lignosis, foliis impari-pinnatis 

pubentibus, leguminibus coriaceis. Michaux Bor. Am. 

2, p. 63. 
Glycine frutescens ; foliis impari-pinnatis, caule perenni, spica 

terminali alopecuroidea. Lam. Encycl. 2. p. 130. 
Apios frutescens ; volubilis, foliis impari-pinnatis novenis 

ovatis pubescentibus, racemis terminalibus bracteatis, 

leguminibus coriaceis. Pursh. Flor. Am. Sept. p. 474. 
Wisteria speciosa. Nuttall North- Am. Plants. 2. p. 116. 
Phaseoloides frutescens caroliniana, foliis pinnatis floribus 

casruleis conglomeratis. Hort. Angl. 53. t. 15. 

Descr. Stem twining, shrubby. Leaves odd-pinnate : 
leaflets, in the cultivated plant, more usually eleven, the 
lower pair distant from the rest, and sometimes wanting, oval, 
acute, quite entire, shining' above, pubescent and paler 
beneath. Common petiole swoln at the base, half-rounded, 


grooved above : partial petioles short, opposite. Flowers 
in terminal, crouded racemes. Calyx gibbous at the base, 
bilabiate : upper-lip truncate : lower-lip 3-toothed, subulate. 
Corolla papilionaceous : vexillum suborbiculate, emarginate, 
spreading, claiv cartilaginous, extending into the middle of 
the limb : alte shorter, connivent, slightly united at the apex : 
carina shorter by half than vexillum, petals sometimes united, 
at others distinct, boat-shaped, incurved at the point but not 
reflecting the vexillum. Stamens diadelphous. Bractes 
large, enveloping the flower-buds, ovate-acuminate, purple, 
extremely deciduous. Legume said to be coriaceous ; seeds 
the size of a small kidney -bean, and spotted. 

Pursh has united this with Glycine Apios, (No. 1198) 
under the generic name of Apios ; but Nuttall separates it 
from Apios and considers it as a distinct genus, to which he 
has given the name of Wistera, in honour of the late 
Dr. Caspar Wistar, Professor of anatomy in the university 
of Pensylvania. We think it best to retain the name by 
whrch it has been generally known, and under which it is 
recorded in the last edition of the Hortus Kewensis, though, 
it must be allowed, that the genus Glycine is at present rather 
a heterogeneous compound. 

A very ornamental shrub, tolerably hardy, but does not 
flower very readily except in favourable situations. There 
used to be a very fine plant trained up against the house at 
Messrs. Loddiges and Sons at Hackney, which, in some years, 
bore a profusion of flowers. Our drawing was taken from a 
specimen communicated in June last by Thomas Wildman, 
Esq. late of Lay ton. 

Grows naturally in the swamps of Virginia, Carolina, and 
the Illinois. Introduced in 1724 by Mr. Mark Catesbv. 


( 2104 ) 
Lychnis fulgens. Fulgent Lychnis. 


Class and Order. 

Decandria Pentagynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal 1-phyllus, oblongus, laevis. Petala 5, unguiculata : 
Limbo subbifido. Caps. 5-locularis. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Lychnis fulgens ; floribus ternis fastigiatis, petalis quadri- 
fidis : laciniis exterioribus subulatis, foliis ovatis hispido- 
tomentosis. ( 

Flos constantinopolitanus altera et minor species Gesnen. 
Dod. Pempt. 178 ? 

Descr. Stem simple, erect, rounded, hispid, with the 
hairs pointing downwards. Leaves opposite, crossed, ovate, 
rough-tomentose. Flowers terminal, sessile, crouded to- 
gether, and supported by the upper pair of leaves sma Her 
and more acuminate than the rest; in all the individuals that 
we have seen, consisting of three only, of a vivid scarlet 
colour ; the centre one flowering first, and after that fades, 
the two side ones together. Calyx oblong-ovate, ten-angled 
5-toothed : teeth erect. Corolla spread open : petals bifid 
more than halfway down : lacinia divaricate, toothed at the 
apex, with an additional subulate lacinia on each side below 
the division. Nectarium, or Corona, ten fleshy oval bodies, 
two to each petal surrounding the faux. Stamens scarcely- 
exserted beyond the corona. Styles 5, club-shaped, recurved 
at the point. Stigmas villous. K . 

This plant has a near affinity with Lychnis chalcedonica, 
and should be placed next to it in the system. It may be the 
same with the smaller sort recorded by Dodonjeus on the 


authority of Gesner, which he says is of about half the 
height and bears fewer flowers, which are produced the first 
year from seed. 

It is probably a native of Russia, and quite hardy. Raised 
in the present year in several gardens about London, from 
seeds sent by Dr. Fischer from the Gorenki garden 
Flowers in July. Communicated by Mr. Jenkins from his 
botanic garden in the New-Road. 


No. 2091, 1. 11 — 14, Dele PulteNjEA scabra, &c. &c. 

In some copies Pulten^a scabra of the Hortus Kewensis has been 
inadvertently added as a synonym of Pulten^a biloba, but is a different 

I N D E X. 

In which the Latin Names of the Plants contained in the Potty* 
SirtJi Volume are alphabetically arranged * 











































Anarrhinum bellidiifolium. 
Anemone palmata. 
Anisomeles malabarica. 
Arabis caucasica. 
Arbutus Andrachne. 
Arum bulbiferum. 
Baeobotrys indica. 
Berckheya uniflora^ 
Bignonia venusta. 
Cactus phyllanthoides. 
Calosttrama luteum. 


Camellia axillaris. 

Sasanqua, (3. 
Canria indica. 
Celastrus cymosus. 
CHrysanthemum indicutn, £. 
Cimicifuga cordifolia. 
Combretum purpureum. 
Convolvulus Turpethum. 
Coreopsis ferulgefolia. 
Cotyledon curviflora. 
Crassula falcata. 
Crotalaria pulcherrima* 
Cullumia Ciliaris. 
Curculigo latifolia. 
Dianthus arenarius; 
• Carthusianorum, /3. 


- f errea . 

Epidendrum umbellatum. 
Erica fastigiata. 
Eucalyptus pulverulenta. 
Ferula persica. 
Gentiaua criuita. 
Gerardia purpurea. 
Glycine frutescens. 
— — — sinensis. 
Goodyera discolor. 
Hedychium angustifoliutri. 
Helianthus angustitolius. 











































Helicteres Isora* 
Ilex chinensis. 
Justicia eustachiana; 


Laurus Cinnamomum* 
Lessertia pulchra. 
Limodorum falcatum t 
Limonia arborea. 
Lobelia minima. 
Lychnis fulgens. 
Mussasnda pubescensi 
Neottia elata. 
Nerium bdoruhi, y. 
Nympbzca stellata, & 
CEnothera grandiflora. 
Orobus Lathyroides. 
Passiflora quadrangularis* 


Pelargonium dasycaulon. 
Phyteuma betonicifoliunn 
Pittosporum ferrugineunn 
Plectranthus Forskohlsei* 
Protea acaulis. 
Psoralea arborea. 


Pultenaja biloba. 


— tenuifolia. 

QlilsqusuHs indica. 
Reauuiuria hypericoides; 
Rosa arvensis, 0. 
Ruscus Hypophylluim 
Salmea scandens. 
Seseli dichotomunl. 
Stapelia stricta. 
Stevia pedata. 
Tagetes tenuifolia. 
Terapletonia glauca* 
Thalictrum aquilegifolium^ 
Viburnum rugosum. 
Viola biflora, 

I N D E X. 

In which the English Names of the Plants contained in the Forty* 
Sixth Volume are alphabetically arranged. 


2056 Anarrhhium, Daisy-leaved. 
2079 Anemone, Pale-flowered cy- 

2071 Anisomeles, Malabar. 

2072 Arum, Bulb-bearing. 
2052 Raobotrys, Indian. 
2004 Berckheya, One-flowered. 
2003 Bindweed, Turbith. 
2098 Bitter- Vetch, upright. 
2069 Bug- wort, heart-leaved. 

2049 Butcher's-broom, broad- 


2100 Calostemma, purple. 

2101 — ~ yellow. 

2047 Camellia, Axillary-flowering. 
■ ride Sasanqua. 

2042 Chrysanthemum, changeable- 
white Indian. 

2028 Cinnamon-tree. 

2102 Combretum, Madagascar. 

2050 Coreopsis, Fennel-leaved. 
2035 Crassula, Sickle-leaved. 
20-27 Crotalaria, Mysore. 
2095 Cullumia, Ciliated. 
2034 Curculigo, Broad-leaved. 
2053 Dragon-tree, Purple. 

2030 Epidendruni, Umbelled. 
2087 Eucalyptus, Heart-leaved. 
209G Fennel-giant, Persian. 

2031 Gentian, Jagsed-flowered. 
2048 Gerardia, Purple. 

Glycine, Chinese. 
vide Kidney-beau- 
2055 Goodyera, Purple-leaved. 

2084 Heath, Walker's. 

2078 Hedychium, Narrow»leaved. 
2043 Holly, Chinese. 

2085 Indian-Reed, Yellow. 
2092 Indian-Fig, Kose-flowered. 

2076 Justicia, Eustachia. 
2060 Side-flowering. 

2103 Kidney-bean-tree, Carolina. 
2082 Laurestine, Canary. • 

2064 Lessertia, Comptesse de Van- 

2097 Limodorum, Fragrant. 
2074 Limonia, Tree. 

2077 Lobelia, Least. 


2104 Lychnis, Fulgent. 

2045 Marigold, Peruvian. 

2025 Meadow-Rue, purple-flower- 

2073 Meadow-saxifrage, Dichoto- 

mo us. 
2099 Mussasnda, Chinese. 
2044 Navel-wort, Bent-flowered. 

2026 Neottia, Tall. 

2068 Oenothera, Pubescent great* 

2032 Oleander, Flesh-coloured, 

2023 Passion-flower, Palmate. 
2041 — square-stalk- 
Pelargonium, vide Storks-bill. 
2036 Plectranthus, Forskohl's. 
2075 Pittosporum, Rusty-leaved. 
2065 Protea, Stemless. 
2063 Psoralen, Melilot-like, 

2090 . Tree-like. 

2039 Pink, Carthusian. 
2038 Sand. 

2067 Sweet-scented. 

24)86 Pultenaea, Fine-leaved. 

2091 Lobed-leaved. 

2081 — — Obtuse-leaved. 

2033 Quisqualis, Indian. 
2060 Rampion, Betony-leaved. 

2057 Reaumuria, Hypericum-like. 
2080 Sasanqua, Palmer's double, 
2062 Sahnea, Climbing. 

2001 Screw -tree, Nut-leaved. 
2070 Staff-tree, Compact-flowered. 
2037 Stapelia, Upright. 
2040 Stevia, Seven-cleft. 
2029 Stork's-bill, Thick-stemmed. 
2024 Strawberry-tree, Oriental. 
2051 Sun-flower, Narrow-leaved. 
Tagetes, vide Marigold. 

2088 Templetonia, Glaucous- 

2050 Trumpet- flower, Comely. 

2089 Violet, Two-flowered. 

2058 Water-lily, Larger flowered 

204C Wall-cress, Early-flowering*