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C UR T I S' S 

Botanical Magazine: 




The most Ornamental Foreign Plants, cultivated in the Open 
Ground, the Green-House, and the Stove, are accurately 
represented in their natural Colours. 


Their Names, Class, Order, Generic and Specific Characters, according 

to the celebrated Linnjeus ; their Places of Growth, 

and Times of Flowering ; 

Together with the most approved Methods of Culture. 


Intended for the Use of such Ladies, Gentlemen, and Gardeners, as wish 
to become scientifically acquainted with the Plants they cultivate. 


Fellow of the Royal and Linnean Societies. 


Being the Fifth of the New Series. 

The Flowers, which grace their native beds, 

Awhile put forth their blushing heads, 

But, e'er the close of parting day, 

They wither, shrink, and die away : 

But these, which mimic skill hath made, 

Nor scorched by suns, nor killed by shade, 

Shall blush with less inconstant hue, 

Which art at pleasure can renew. Lloyd. 


Printed by W. & S. Couchman, Throgmorton-Street. 

Published by Sherwood, Neely, & Jones, 20, Paternoster- Row ; 

And Sold by the principal Booksellers in Great-Britain ;uid Ireland. 


I Izi05. 


CurUs.WuU>rlkjr avj±6 ^ ^ ^ WaLi 

( 2105 ) 

Crataegus glabra. Smooth Chinese 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-fidus. Petala 5. Bacca infera, disperma. (Mes- 
pilus. Smith.) 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Crataegus glabra; foliis oblongis acutis glabris serratis* 
superioribus petiolis vix quadruplo longioribus, panicula 
composita coryinbosa : pedicellis calyce longioribus. 
Hort. Kew. ed. alt. S. p. 202. 

Crataegus glabra ; foliis oblongis acutis glabris serratis, 
florum panicula composita. Thunb. Jap. 205. Willd. 
Sp. PL 2. p. 1004. 

Mespilus glabra. Sweet Hort. Suburban, p. 112. 

The genera Crataegus, Sorbus, Mespilus, and Pyrus of 
Linn,els, Sir James E. Smith has thought right to reduce 
to two only, rejecting Crataegus and Sorbus. But as these 
last genera are still retained in the last edition of the Hortus 
Kewensis, we adopt the name as it at present stands there 
and in Willdcnow's Species Piantarum ; for not having had 
an opportunity of seeing the fruit, and having even neglected 
to examine the flower from which our drawing was made, we 
are not certain whether it ought to be referred to Mespilus 
or Pyrus. Thunberg describes two styles, with capitate 
stigmas, but does not seem to have been acquainted with the 

We are informed by Mr. Knight, of the King's Road, 
Chelsea, by whom our plant was communicated, that it thrives 
vigorously when inarched upon a stock of the common quince, 

a species 

a species usually referred to Pyrus. It is propagated also by 
cuttings ; is a very ornamental evergreen shrub ; at present 
kept in the greenhouse ; but may perhaps be found hereafter 
to be sufficiently hardy to bear our winters without protec- 
tion, as several other Japan plants are found to do. 

Introduced in 1804 by the Honourable Court of Directors 
of the East India Company, in the Henry Addington, Captain 
Kirrpatrick. Time of flowering 1 uncertain ; said in Hortus 
Kewensis to flower from April to July ; our drawing was taken 
in December. 


J" Curtis Dii 

i\<c*£h ft, 

( 2106 ) 


♦ ♦ ♦# ♦ f f » ♦ » $ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Trigynia. 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 5-fidus, infundibuliformis : exterior [bracteaf] di- 
phyllus. Petala 5, calyci inserta. Stigmata multifida. Caps. 
I-locularis, trivalvis : valvis medio seminiferis. 

Specific Character. 

Turnera trioniflora ; floribus petiolaribus, bracteis subulatis, 
foliis ovatis utrinque acutis basi biglandulosis, dimidio 
interiore integerrimis. 

We do not find that this species, which differs in so many 
respects from Turnera angustifolia (No. 281), has ever been 
recorded. In most of its characters it corresponds with 
Turnera sidoides of Linn^us, but that is said to have 
axillary peduncles, whilst in our plant the flower is sessile 
upon the footstalk of the leaf, as in ulmifolia, angustifolia, 
and Pumilea. The leaves are ovate, pointed at both ends, 
serrate from about the middle to the apex, and quite entire 
towards the base, where it is furnished with two globular 
glands, and besides these there is an oblong, white, raised 
maik upon the middle of the petiole. The bractes are subu- 
late, hairy, nearly the length of the calyx, while in angustifolia 
they are ovate- acuminate and serrate. The corolla is much 
paler, with a dark purple eye, which gives it not a slight 
resemblance to the blossom of Hibiscus Trionum (No. 209.) 

A native of Brazil. Cultivated in the stove. Flowers most 
part of the year. Propag-ated by cuttings and by seeds. 
Communicated by Mr. Anderson, from the Apothecaries 
Botanic Garden, at Chelsea. 

( 2107 ) 

Callicarpa cana. Malabar Hoary 

Class and Order. 
Tetrandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 
Cal. 4-fidus. Cor. 4-fida. Bacca 4-sperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Callicarpa cana ; foliis ovatis denticulatis per petiolum semi- 

decurrentibus, subtus villoso-canis, paniculis dichotomis. 

Vahl. Symbol. 3. p. 12. Willd. Sp. PI. 1. p. 620. 

Persoon Syn. I. p. 133. Roem. et Schultes Syst. Veg. 

3. p. 94. 
Callicarpa cana ; foliis serratis subtus tomentosis. Lin. 

Mant. alt. p. 198. Retz. Obs. 5. p. 1. 
Callicarpa tomenlosa; foliis ovato-lanceolatis serratis subtus 

tomentoso-albis, baccis parvis nigris distinctis. Lam. 

Encycl. 1. p. 556. 
Callicarpa americana. Laureiro Cochinch. p. 88. 

That the Callicarpa tomentosa of Lamarck is the same 
plant with Callicarpa cana of the Mantissa, Retzius affirms 
on the authority of a specimen received from the author 
himself. The specific name of tomentosa has been since 
applied to a different species. 

Our plant differs from americana in having 1 the stems and 
underside of the leaves much more tomentose, and especially 
in having- the racemes more lax, the berries in the latter being 
crowded together so as to look like one fruit ; from whence it 
has been called the Bermudian mulberry. 

Native of Malabar, Cochinchiua, Java, Sumatra, and the 
straits of Sunda. Requires to be kept in the stove. In- 
troduced to the Kew Garden in J?90 5 by the Right Hon. 
Sir Joseph Banks, Bart. K. B. ; but does not appear to have 


blossomed there at the time of the publication of the Hortus 
Kewensis, in 1810. 

Our drawing was taken from a plant communicated by 
Messrs. Barr and Brookes in June 1818, from their very 
extensive collection at the Northampton Nursery., Newington 

( 2108 ) 
Acacia Lophantha. Two-spiked Acacia. 

♦,»»»♦♦»♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦ 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Hermaph. Cal. 5-dentatus. Cor. 5-fida vel 5-petaIa 
Stem. 4?— 100. Pist.l. Legumen bivalve, 

Masc. Cal. 5-dentatus. Cor. 5-hda vel 5-petala. Stam 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Acacia lophantha ; inermis, foliis bipinnatis : foliolis subvi- 
ginti-jugis aveniis, glandula petiolari, spicis axillaribus 
oblongis pedunculatis geminis. 

Acacia lophantha ; inermis, foliis bipinnatis : partialibus 
novem-seu duodecim-jugis : propriissubviginti-jugislan- 
ceolatis aveniis, glandula petiolari ; et inter binas termi- 
nates partialium, spicis oblongis pedunculatis axillaribus 
geminis. tVUld. Sp. PI. 4. p. 1070. Hort. Kew. ed. 
alt. 5. p. 468. Bot. Reg. 361. 

Mimosa lophantha, inermis, foliis bipinnatis, petiolis basi 
interque duas supremas pinnulas glandulosis, racemis 
geminis axillaribus, leguminibus articulatis planis. Per- 
soon Syn. 2. p. 264. n. 68. 

Mimosa distachya. Vent. Cels. 20. 

Mimosa elegans. Bot. Repos. 563. 

An elegant greenhouse shrub, but rather impatient of 
cold ; best suited for the Conservatory, where it makes a very 
magificent appearance. Propagated by cuttings, and by 
seeds which we are informed it produces freely. Flowers 
twice in the year. 

Native of the South-west coast of New Holland, where it 
^ as nrst observed by Robert Brown, Esq. Introduced to 
the Kew Garden by Mr. Peter Good in 1803. Communi- 
cated by Mr. Joseph Knight, of the King's Road, Chelsea, 
W December 1818. 


?*J».U.S £*rk.S.T 

( 2109 ) 

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Class and Order. 

Syngenesia, Polygamia segregata. 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 1-florus. Corolla tubulosae, hermaphrodite. Recept. 
ietosum. Pappus obsoletus. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Echinops strigosa; capitulis orbicularis pungentibus, la- 
ciniis corolla? filiformibus, foliis supra strigosis, subtus to- 

Echinops strigosa ; capitulis fasciculatis, calycibus latera- 
libujs sterilibus, foliis supra strigos is. Sp. PI. 13 P. fVilld. 
S. p. 2398. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 5. p. 185. Persoon Syn. 

Carduus tomentosus, capitulo majore. Bauh. Pin. 3bZ. 
Carduus sphserocephalus animus bceticus minor. Mor. 
Hist. 3. p. 164. s. 7. t. 35. / 6. 
Scabiosa carduifolia annua. Herm. Parad. 224. t. 224. 

It seems hardly possible to reconcile the synonyms quoted 
from the older botanists as applied to the different species of 
this genus, especially to strigosa and spinosa, which however, 
we are very much inclined to think may be only varieties of 
each other. 

We have identified our plant with the specimens in the 
Banksian Herbarium, and compared it with the descriptions 
and figures of the synonyms quoted, and have no doubt ot 
our being right as to the species ; yet we cannot reconcile it 
with the Linnean specific phrase. The heads grow in the 
same manner, and are equally globular with vulgaris and 


Ritro. The proper calyx consists of a great number of 
imbricated leaflets : the interior ones longest, subulate, rigid, 
pungent, blue towards the point : exterior lanceolate, ciliate 
and extremely hairy at the base. Corolla tubular, divided 
far down into five very narrow segments. Seed oblong, with 
a ciliated five-angled crown. Leaves pinnatilid, cottony on 
the under surface, dark green on the upper and rough with 
short, rigid, adpressed bristles. 

An annual plant ; propagated by seeds only. Native of 
Spain. Cultivated by Philip Miller in 1729, but we be- 
lieve has not been seen in this country for many years till 
raised this summer by Aylmer Bourke Lambert, Esq. in 
his garden at Boyton, from Spanish seeds ; to this gentleman 
we are indebted for the specimen from which our drawing 
was taken in September last ; as well as for the information 
that the substance called Spanish tinder, which resembles in 
many respects the Moxa of the Chinese, is manufactured 
from the Echinops strigosa. Of this tinder, three kinds are 
prepared, one from the pubescence of the flowering heads a 
second from that of the leaves, and a third from the stalks -'as 
Mr. Lambert was informed by his friend Don Jose Pavon 

J r 22ia 

( 2110 ) 

Plumbago capensis. Phlox-like 

»**♦♦»♦♦♦ ♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦* M > 

Class and Order. 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. infundibuliformis. Stamina squamis basin corollae 
claudentibus inserta. Stigma 5-fidum. Sem. I, oblongum, 

Specific Character and Synonym, 

Plumbago capensis ; fruticosa, foliis obovatis obtusis supra 
glabris subtus scabris, calycibus infra medium eglandulosis. 

Plumbago capensis ; foliis petiolatis oblongis integris sub- 
tus glaucis caule erecto. Thunb. Prodr. 33. Fl. capensis. 
v. 2. p. 13. 

Desc Stem shrubby, erect, flexuose. Leaves obovate, 
obtuse, narrowed at the base and decurrent down the foot- 
stalk, pale underneath. Two moon-shaped stipules at the 
base of the petiole ; and several smaller leaves from the axils. 
Inflorescence a terminal spike of several flowers, of a pale 
blue colour. Bractes 3, at the base of each flower, of which 
the middle one is longer than the lateral. Calyx sessile, 
oblong, 5-angled, the upper half covered with viscid glandular 
hairs, lower half naked. Corolla large : tube an inch long : 
limb spreading : Iacinia? obovate, quite entire, pale blue with 
a deeper coloured stripe in the middle. Stamens the length 
of the tube : filaments thread-like : anthers incumbent, blue. 
style shorter than the tube. 

A handsome little greenhouse shrub. Native of the Cape 
of Good Hope. Pound by Thunberg near Kabeljaus Rivier, 
vvhere it flowers in November and December. Communicated 
by Messrs. Colville and Sox, in August 1819. 



( 2111 ) 

Clitoria heterophylla. Hooded- 
flowered clitoria. 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 
Cor. resupinata : vexillo maximo, patente, alas obumbrante. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Clitoria heterophylla ; foliis impari-pinnatis : foliolis subtri- 

jugis orbiculato-ovatis emarginatis, vexillis cucullatis. 
Clitoria heterophylla ; foliis pinnatis : foliolis quinis, aliis 

rotundioribus, aliis lanceolatis, aliis linearibus. Lam. 

Encycl. 2. p. 51. Vent. Choix. des PL t. 26. Desfont. 

Ann. du Mus. 1. p. 202. Persoon Syn. 2. p. 302. 

This plant has the name of heterophylla given itfromthe leaf- 
lets, which are generally rounded, being sometimes lanceolate 
and even linear upon the same individual ; as was the case both 
in the one figured by Ventenat and in that described by M. 
Desfontaines. In those cultivated at Spofforth by the Hon. 
William Herbert, to whom we are indebted for the speci- 
mens from which our drawing was taken, no such variation in 
the form of the foliage was observed. Mr. Herbert remarks, 
that he had never flowered this pretty plant till this last 
summer, though he has had it produce ripe seed, but its flowers 
are often clandestine, or at most only shew the points of the 
petals, when they wither without expanding, yet the seed will 
be perfected. The present plant, a seedling, flowered beau- 
tifully. Mr. Herbert has observed the same in another 
specimen of Clitoria, which often produced ripe seeds, 
without ever perfecting a single flower, whilst other seedlings 


of the same species flowered beautifully. He observes also 
that he once had a plant of Kennedia apetala, which pro? 
duced abundance of pale blue flowers. 

In our account of Clitoria Ternatea (No. 1542) we have 
erroneously described it as being' annual ; for although seedr 
ling* plants will often flower the first year, ripen seeds, and 
perhaps then perish, yet other plants will prove perennial, and 
even shrubby, according to circumstances. Mr. Herbert 
observes he has vigorous plants of it five years old. 

Clitoria heterophylla is a native of the Isle of France, 
and with us is cultivated in the stove. Flowers in July an4 

( 2112 ) 
Amobpha nana. Dwarf Bastard Indigo* 

fcA j h «fr , •if 'Vntit itJii *V *i* *if. *If jf i*tf rtfi *fci 

■jft"!(H!"vjh 4» 4» a* ™ ^IT "♦ *p *fr v * 4* v V 

Class and Order, 


Generic Character. 

Cal. campanulatus, 5-fidus. Cor. vexillum ovatum con- 
cavum. Alee 0. Carina 0. Legumen dispermum, falcalum. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Amorpha nana ; frutex humilis glaber ; foliolis ellipticis 
mucronulatis, floribus pedicellatis, dentibus calycis om- 
nibus setaceo-acuminatis, leguminibus monospermis. 
Nuttall Gen. PL Amer. 2. p. 91. Idem in Fraser's 
Catal. 1813. 

Amorpha microphylla ; glabriuscula, pumila ; foliis brevis- 
sime petiolatis utrinque obtusis, spicis solitariis abbre- 
viatis, calycibus nudiusculis pedicellatis, dentibus omni- 
bus acuminatis, leguminibus monospermis. Pursh Flor. 
Amer. Sept. 2. p. 466. 

An upright low shrub. Native of the woodless and grassy 
hills of the Missouri, from the river Platte to the mountains, 
where it hardly exceeds a foot in height. Flowers fragrant, 
deep purple, with exserted, golden-coloured anthers. Mr. 
Nuttall remarks that this very humble plant is often diffused, 
like heath in Europe, over hundreds of acres in succession, 
and seems to be the only upland shrub capable of withstand- 
ing the peculiarities of that climate. 

The calyx is two-lipped, and the two teeth of the upper lip 
are much shorter than the three lower, but all are pointed, 
though the upper much less so. Flowers in May and June. 
Is rather tender, the young shoots generally dying back 
even in the green-house. 

As Mr. Nuttall had described this plant, as well as applied 
the specific name of nana to it, in Fraser's Catalogue of 


Plants, collected in Upper Louisiana in 1813, we have 
thought it right to restore the name there given it, rather than 
adopt that of Mr. Pursh, who, without any reason, thought 
fit to change it for one certainly not more appropriate. 

Communicated by our friend Mr. Lambert, from a plant 
he received from Mr. Nuttall himself. 


( 2113 ) 

Amaryllis reticulata. 3. striati folia. 
Griffin's netted-veined Amaryllis. 

Coburgia. Herbert. 

Cfass amZ Order, 

Hexandrta Monogynia. 

Generic and Specific Character.— Vide supra No. 657. 


Amaryllis reticulata p. ; Bot. Reg. No. 352. 

Whether this be a mere variety of Amaryllis reticulata 
before figured, or a distinct species, we do not at present 
pretend to determine. It ditfers from the common reticulata, 
in the greater size, more intense colour, and less evident 
reticular veining of the flower ; in the larger, more leaf-like, 
erect spathes, longer than the peduncles ; and in the broader 
leaves, which have a remarkable white stripe along the 
mid-rib. These differences appear to be permanent in the 
offspring from seeds.— Supposed to be a native of Brasil, 
from which country, Mr. Griffin received the bulbs some 
years ago. — It may be doubted however, Mr. Herbert 
observes, whether these plants were not originally imported 
there in some slave ship from Africa. 

The natural order of Amaryllide.e as established by 
Mr. Brown from the second of Jussieu's sections of Nar- 
cissi, still requires a revisal, though much has been done 
by Mr. Ker, in the Botanical Magazine, Annals of Botany, 
Botanical Register, and lastly, in the second volume of the 
Journal of Science and the Arts. Perhaps it is only under 
the eye of a cultivator that the many difficulties which attend 
the assigning of proper limits to the genera can be overcome. 
Fortunately the Honourable William Herbert, of Spofforth, 
in Yorkshire, to a scientific knowledge of botany, adds the 
advantage of possessing a very large collection of this tamily, 

( 2 ) 

which he has long observed with care ; and having been 
favoured with his manuscript on the subject, we gladly em- 
brace this opportunity of laying- his observations before the 
public, which we doubt not will be highly acceptable to all 

" The genus Amaryllis, as at present constituted, includes 
several species of Crinums, and is otherwise divisible into 
certain distinct genera, which appear to be in a great measure, 
if not absolutely, peculiar to different parts of the globe. The 
genus Brunsvigia seems to have been separated from it with- 
out due consideration, by the single distinction of a turbinate 
elongated capsule, which excludes coranica, while it includes 
falcata, though these two plants are not distinguishable from 
each other in bulb or leaf, and agree also in a remarkable 
peculiarity, that the same leaves which have died back one 
season, sprout again the next with a broken point. The 
error is further apparent on reference to the descriptions 
of multiflora and Josephince, the former of which is said to 
have the capsule long and turbinate, the latter short and 
ovately-oblong ; so that Josephine as well as coranica would 
be excluded by the definition. In truth the length and out- 
ward form of the mature capsule furnishes a specific, but not 
a generic distinction. There is quite as much difference 
between the ripe capsules of A. vittata and rulila, which are 
decidedly of one genus and will breed together. 

" Amaryllis proper seems to be confined to the western 
hemisphere, if vittata is a Mexican or at least an Occidental 
plant, as there is great reason to believe, for it has certainly 
not been found indigenous at the Cape. Amaryllis has the 
stigma at first appearing simple, afterwards becoming trifid or 
triangularly 3-lobed ; fimbriated on the top or inside of the 
lobes: fimbria? thereon long and slender. Tube of the 
corolla outwardly a funnel-shaped continuation of the limb, 
and short in comparison with the tube of Crinum. Filaments 
inserted at the mouth of the tube ; [corresponding not 
alternately, but with their opposites ; in fulgida and IVti!*, 
and probably m the whole genus, of three lengths ; the two 
longest attached to the two upper internal lacinise • the two 
shortest to the two lower external Jacinia? ; and the two of 
intermediate length to the upper external and lowest of the 
internal lacinire. The correspondence of the upper and lower 
segments with each other, and of the laterals with those oppo- 
site, is obvious m the general appearance of the flowers 


( 3 ) 

of the whole genus, and the correspondence of the filaments 
depends upon that of the lacinia? to which they are at- 
tached at the base. The dissection of Amaryllis rutila 
in the Botanical Register is inaccurate.] Mature cap- 
sule 3-celled, which is not so in Crinum. Seeds flat, 
sinning black, winged; (coming nearer to Gladiolus and 
Watsonia than to Crinum or any of the genera confounded 
with Amaryllis, except Cyrtanthus) originally in two piles to 
each cell, the edge of each seed lapping alternately over the 
edge of a lower seed in the other pile ; but as they swell, 
closing into one pile, exactly as the two halves of a pack of 
cards when shuffled. Leaves bifarious. 

Enumeration of Species. 

fC 1. A.— vittata. Bot.Mag. 129. % A.— .Regime. Bot. 
Mag. 453. Stigma less trifid than the rest. 3. A.—~equestris. 
Bot. Mag. 305. and var. major. Bot. Reg. 234. 4. A.—ful- 
gida. Bot. Reg. 226. 5. A.— rutila. Bot. Reg. 23. 6. A. 
—catyptrata. Bot. Reg. 164. 7. A.—psittacina. Bot. Reg. 
199. 8. A. — miniata. Ruiz and Pavon. 9. A.—formosissima. 
Bot. Mag. 47. (mature seeds not seen.) A. — ? aurea. Ruiz 
and Pavon. A.—? fiammea. lb. A.—? Atamasco. Bol. 
Mag. 239. A.—? tubispatha. Bot. Mag. 1586. 

n Atamasco and tubispatha have thicker seeds, and per- 
haps a difference will be found in the filaments, which may place 
them in a separate genus between Amaryllis and the Euro- 
pean bulbs at present known by that name. They both refuse 
to breed with Amaryllis proper. 

" Cyrtanthus is closely allied to Amaryllis, and has similar 
seeds. It is distinguished by an open and almost sub-ventricose 
tube, and short filaments, inserted separately into the limb of 
the corolla. It is confined to South Africa. 

Enumeration of Species. 

1 C — obliquus. Bot. Mag. 1183. 2. C. — purpureus. 
(Am. purpurea. Bot. Mag. 1430.) 3. C.—vittatus. Bot. 
Keg. 168. (Am. PumilioM'Md.) 4. C.—wngustifolins. Bot. 
Mag. 271. 5. C.—splratis. Bot. Reg. 167. 6. C—collinus. 
Bot. Reg. 162. 

"Crinum genus is found all round the world in or near the 
tropics. It is distinguished by a long slender cylindrical or 


( * ) 

quill-shaped tube ; a germen originally 3-celled, but not so 
when mature ; large irregular shaped green seeds ; and other 
particulars, which, with the enumeration of species, will be 
found under the title Crinum Broussoneti in the next number. 
I have seen no Brunsvigia except falcata in flower, and that 
not since my attention has been particularly called to the defi- 
nition of the genus ; and therefore 1 can only refer to figures 
and descriptions ; but I apprehend that toxicaria, falcata, 
and coranica, will form the genus, distinguishable .by a 
cylindrical tube to the corolla, a simple pointed stigma, 
irregularly shaped roundish green seeds, and leaves not decay- 
ing- unless exposed to drought or cold : in every respect 
coming nearest to Crinum ; and that multijlora and Jose- 
phince (with probably ciliaris, Radula,marginata, and striata,) 
will unite with blanda and Belladonna in the genus, which 
from its affinity to some of the bulbs now called Brunsvigia, 
may be not improperly named Coburgia. 

" Coburgia has the stigma at first simple, afterwards, when 
perfect, 3-lobed or obsoletely triangular, fimbriated on the 
top or inside of the lobes : fimbriae thereon crowded and 
slender. Filaments united near the base, and where united 
adhering to the inner laciniae and the midrib of the outer, so 
as to form a tube inwardly cylindrical, but outwardly appearing 
funnel-shaped. Alternate filaments longer ; the shortest 
attached to the outer laciniae. [The margin of the outer 
lacinias in blanda and Belladonna divided quite to the germen, 
but perhaps not in all the species.] Germen 3-celled. Seeds 
bursting the capsule, roundish, smooth, purpurascent where 
exposed to the light and air. [In Belladonna, blanda, and 
reticulata, pearl-coloured within the capsule, purpurascent 
where exposed.] Leaves bifarious. 

. Enumeration of Species. 

" 1. C— blanda. Bot. Mag. 1253. Stigma obsoletely trian- 
gular. N. B. The statement of a difference between the 
tube of blanda and Belladonna is erroneous ; they are pre- 
cisely the same. 2. C— Belladonna. Bot. Mag. 733. 
Stigma trifid. 3. C.—pudica. Ker in Journ. Sc. and A. with 
a figure. A species little known. I have bulbs that have not 
flowered which I consider to be pudica; and two other species 
allu d to it, evidently Coburgias, which have not yet flowered; 
©ne of thera received under the name of lineata, for which, 


( 5 ) 

^owever, I know no authority. 4. C. — reticulata*. Bot. 
Mag. 5. C. — multiflora. Bot. Mag. 1619. Josephince &c. 
above mentioned? Multiflora appears to coincide exactly 
with blanda, even in the specific form of the young germen. 

" The Guernsey lily with its congeners forms a genus which 
I have named Galatea. It seems to be confined to South 
Africa, for I totally discredit the notion of its being indige- 
nous in Japan. For the particulars of the genus and enume- 
meration of species, see Galatea rosea in the next number. 

" There are but two known species, heretofore called Ama- 
ryllis, indigenous in Asia, (excepting those which belong to 
the genus Crinum) viz. aurea and radiata. Aurea forms a 
distinct genus, which I propose to call Lycoris. It has the 
stigma simple, tapering to a point, fimbriated all round the 
whole of its length, which is about five times its greatest 
width. Filaments and limb growing out of a short cylin- 
drical indivisible tube. Laciniae undulated. Germen 3-celled. 
Immature seeds roundish : mature seeds and capsule not seen, 
fin aurea 5 seeds in each cell ; when immature in two rows, 
with one singly at the top.] Filaments alternately longer ; 
the shortest attached to the outer laciniae. 

Enumeration of Species. 

"1. Lycoris aurea. 2. L.— ? radiata. not sufficiently exa- 
mined. 3. h. — ? hyacinthina. As hyacinthina belongs to a 
different hemisphere, it is not unlikely that it may be found to 
differ in the seeds from aurea, and to form a separate genus. 
It is distinguished from aurea by filaments shorter instead of 
longer than the limb ; the separation and erection of one fila- 
ment ; 2-seeded cells, and petiolated leaves ; but those are spe- 
cific differences, which all occur in the genus Crinum, and I 

* If reticulata be really a native of Brasil, and not introduced there 
like some other plants from the coast of Africa, I conjecture that it will be 
found to form by itself a genus distinguishable from Coburgia by a com- 
plete union of the outer laciniae to the tube, and non-alternation of the fila- 
ments : in which case I should separate it from Coburgia under the name 
of Leopold ia reticulata, and consider the white-lined sort as a separate 
species, viz. striatifolia. I am unable to state whether the filaments of 
reticulata are alternate or not, which would decide at once whether it be a 
Coburgia or distinct genus. //. 


< 6 > 

know of no generic distinction at present which can separate it 
from aurea. 

ee The European sorts undoubtedly form a distinct genus, 
but they have not been sufficiently examined ; and those Ameri- 
can and other species,, which are only known by imperfect de- 
scriptions, belong probably to more than one additional genus. 

11 The locality of growth which I have pointed out ; the fa- 
cility with which I have raised hybrid Crinums, Amaryllises, 
and Galateas, and my total failure in every attempt, during the 
last five years, to intermix the genera as I have above divided 
them ; which proves a great difficulty, if not an impossibility, 
of blending them, afford the strongest confirmation of the 
accuracy of the definitions. I have little hesitation in saying 
that A. vittala, of which the natural abode is not ascertained, 
must be American ; and with the same view I bad considered; 
A. purpurea long before 1 had examined its flower, as a plant 
which, from its seed and place of growth, must prove to 
be a Cyrtanthus ; and I was afterwards much gratified in 
finding- its filaments inserted so high up in the corolla, as to 
make it surprising how it could have been figured as an 
Amaryllis ; because it is most satisfactory to find experience 
confirm the fact which had been foretold by theory. 

" With a view to species not yet ascertained, it might have 
been safer, in the definitions of Coblrgia, Galatea, and 
Lycoris, to have written filaments alternately longer, or at 
least corresponding alternately ; for the length appears to- 
be regulated by the corresponding position of their bases, 
which is the point of real importance ; but as yet I have seen. 
no necessity for the addition. It must be observed, that the 
stigma of Ainaryllidac fails to expand when the temperature 
is too low, which, as well as its progress on successive days> 
is likely to create error in botanical descriptions." 

Herbert Mss* 


( 2114 ) 

celastrus buxifolius. |3. inermis. 
Spineless Box-leaved Staff-Tree. 

4HHHHNt ♦#♦ JhMHM* ■#• 

CZass awrf Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. 5-petala, patens. Cops. 3-angularis, 3-Iocularis. 
Sem. calyptrata. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Celastrus buxifolius ; foliis obovatis obtusis crenulatis, 

cymis axillaribus dichotomis folio longioribus. 
(«.) spinosa ; spinis foliosis nudisque. 
(P.) inermis ; sine spinis. 
Celastrus buxifolius ; spinis foliosis, ramis angulatis, foliis 

obtusis. Sp. PL 285. Willd. 1. p. 1128. Hort. Kew. 

ed. alt. 2. p. 26. Fabric. Helmst. p. 234. Houtt. Nat. 

Hist. 4. p. 312. t. 21. f 1. 
Celastrus buxifolius ; ramis angulatis, foliis obovato-cunei- 

formibus obtusis, cymis lateralibus paucifloris. Lam. 

Encycl. 1. p. 661. 
Lycium portoriccnse, buxi foliis angustioribus. Pluk. Aim. 

234. L 202. fig. 3. 

Celastrus buxifolius has a near affinity with cymosus, 
figured above, No. 2070, from which it is chiefly distinguished 
by the latter having more compact cymes, which are shorter 
than the leaf from the axils of which they grow ; whilst in 
our present plant the cyme or panicle is more lax, more evi- 
dently dichotomous, and longer than the leaf. The variety 
(P) seems to be always without spines as cultivated in our 
greenhouses, where it makes a pretty little shrub, but not at 
all shewy. Native of the Cape of Good Hope. Cultivated 
by Philip Miller in 1752. Flowers in May and June. 
Communicated by Mr. Blake, from the collection of James 
Yere, Esq. cf Kensington Gore. 


( 2115 ) 

Semper vi vum globiferum, a. Villous 
Globular Houseleek. 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 
Cat. 12-partitus. Petala 12. Capsules 12, polyspermy. 
Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Sempervivum globiferum ; foliis ciliatis, propaginibus sub- 
globosis laxiusculis, flagellis foliosis. 

(a.) villosum, pallidum, petalis duodenis. 

((3.) glabrius, viridius, petalis, suboctodecim. Supra No. 507. 

Sempervivum globiferum ; foliis ciliatis, propaginibus gio- 
bosis. Willd. Sp. PI. 2. p. 932. exclusis synonimis 
Milleri, Schmidelii et Morisoni, quae ad nostrum soboli- 
ferum (No. 1457) pertinent ; necnon Knorri, cujus 
figure 8. tectorum designat. 

Sempervivum rosulis hirsutis, ciliatis, petalis subulato lanceo- 
latis duodenis. Hall. Hist. n. 950. 

Sedum vulgari magno simile. Bauh. Hist. 3. p. 688. 

It is not improbable that Linnaeus, in the first instance, 
under the name of globiferum, had in view the^Hen and 
Chicken Houseleek, our soboliferum (vide No. 1457). This, 
however, is rendered doubtful by his quoting a figure in 
Bauhin's History, which is probably a representation of our 
plant ; but the synonyms of Miller and Morison undoubt- 
edly belong to soboliferum. But however this may be, 
Jacquin's and Haller's plants, above quoted, being both 
added as synonyms of globiferum, in the 14th edition of the 
Systema Vegetabilium, and continued by Willdenow, it 
seems best to retain the name now so generally applied to 
this species, and accordingly we published Schmidel's and 
Morison's plant, under the name of soboliferum. 


r In globiferum the young rosettes are all produced by 
stoutish runners clothed with leaves, very like those of 
the flowering stem, only smaller, but in soboliferum small 
globular rosettes grow on very slender threads, which soon 
break and suffer them to roll off, making distinct plants, not 
at all connected with the mother plant ; but some larger 
and less globular rosettes are produced on runners; these are 
however, generally, perhaps always, without leaves. 

We received our present plant from Mr. William Kent's 
collection, at Clapton, in June last, by the name of hirtum, 
but we consider it as only a variety of globiferum before 
figured ; from which, however, it differs in the smaller size 
of the flowers; in the petals being only twelve in number; 
in the whole plant being more villous and of a paler co'our] 
especially the leaves of the flowering stems. In all tdese 
respects it corresponds better with Jacquin's figure ; on 
which account we consider it as variety (*.) and our former 
figure as representing var. (f3.) 

\ ', Sempervivum montanum appears to approach very near to 
our present plant, except in the colour of the flowers, which 
is a purplish red. 


( 2116 ) 


■ »{♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Spatha diphylla. Cat 0. Petala 6, subasqualia, plana. 
Filam. omnino connata. Stylus 1. Caps. 3-locularis, infera. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Sisyrinchium micranthum; cauleancipiti flexuoso, spatha inse- 
quali, pedunculis filiformibus, capsulis trigono-globosis. 

Sisyrinchium micranthum ; scapo ancipiti ramoso folioso, 
spatha subtriflora inaequali floribus subsequali, petalis 
linearibus acuminatis, foliis gramineis canaliculatis. 
fVilld. Sp. PL 3. p. 579. 

Sisyrinchium micranthum ; radice fibrosa,, caule ancipiti 
bipoliicari, foliis alternis canaliculatis, floribus minimis. 
Cav. Diss. 6. p. 345. L 191. / 2. 

We find no account of this plant but what has been derived 
from the description and figure by Cavanilles above quoted, 
which were taken from a solitary dried specimen in Jussieu's 
herbarium, collected in Peru. Communicated in July last 
by Mr. Anderson, of the Botanic Garden, at Chelsea; to 
whom it was sent by Mr. Otto, from the Royal Botanical 
Garden at Berlin. 


( 2117 ) 


■ $♦♦♦♦$ # ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Spatha diphylla. Cal. 0. Petala 6, subacqunlia, plana. 
FUamenta omnino connata. Stylus 1. Capsula 3-locuIaris, 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Sisyrinchium tenuifolium ; scapo ancipiti adscendentefolioso, 

spatha tritiora, capsulis hirtis, foliis lineari-filiformibus. 

Willd. Enum. 691. Hort. Berolin 2. 92. 
Sisyrinchium tenuifolium. Humboldt % Bonpland. Redoule 

Lil. t. 275. 
Sisyrinchium tenuifolium ; radice tuberoso-fasciculata, caule 

superne ancipiti, petalis planis lanceolatis. Lagasca 

Gen. 8s Spec. p. 20. n. 270. 

Root fibrous ; leaves linear and linear-ensiform, striate. 
Stem leafy, scarcely two inches long whilst in flower, and 
much shorter than leaves, but lengthening after the flowering 
is over. Floivers yellow, streaked with green, very fuga- 
cious, but coming many in succession. Filaments united for 
about one third their length, afterwards free and divergent ; 
anthers incumbent ; style trifid ; capsule 3-angied : angles 
cloathed with dark purple glandular hairs, which fall off as the 
capsule ripens. Native of Mexico, whence the seeds were 
brought by Humboldt and Bonpland. Communicated by 
Mr. Jenkins, from his Botanic Garden, in Gloucester Place, 
in the New Road, in July last ; who received it from the 


Berlin Garden, by favour of Mr. Hunneman, in the year 
1818. This circumstance, added to the glandular hairs at 
the angles of the germen and capsule, leaves no room to 
doubt of the species being the same, though its habit appears 
so different from the figure in the Hortus Berolinensis ; which 
probably arises from its having been exposed more to the open 

( 2118 ) 

iesculus macrostachya. small flowered 
Horse Chesnut, or BuckVEye-Tree. 

CZass awf/ Order. 

Heptandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 1-phyllus 4- s. 5-dentatus, ventricosus. Cor. 4- s. 
5-petala, insequaliter colorata, calyci inserta. Caps. 3- locu- 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

iEscuius macrostachya ; foliis quinatis septenatisve, corollis 
tetrapetalis, staminibus corolla duplo longioribus. 

iEscuLus macrostachys ; humilis, foliolis quinis subtus sub- 
tomentosis, spica tenui longissima. Per soon Syn. 1. 
p. 403. 

^Esculus macrostachya ; foliolis subtus subtomentosis : 
racemo pyramidato longissimo multifloro, floribus albidis 
tetrapetalis plerumque heptandris. Michaux Fl. bor. 
Amer. I. p. 220. 

./Esculus macrostachya ; foliis quinatis subtus subtomentosis 
serrulatis, racemo longissimo laxo, fasciculis subtrifloris, 
corollis tetrapetalis patulis, staminibus longissime exsertis. 
Pursh Fl. Amer. Sept. 1. p. 255. Nuttall North- Amer. 
PL 1. p. 241. 

jEsculus parviflora; Walter Fl. Carol. 128. Hort. Kew. 
ed. alt. 2. p. 335. 

Pavia edulis. Poit. et. Turp. Arbr. fruit. 88. 

The American species of this genus have long ago been 
separated from jEsculus by the French botanists, under the 
name of Pavia, distinguished by four petalled corollas, and 
smooth fruit; but two species found in America have spinous 


fruit, and at the same time four petalled corollas ; so that if 
Pavia is to be distinguished from iEscums upon these 
grounds, the other two species will be excluded from either 

In this species the number of petals, though usually four, 
is sometimes encreased to five ; number of stamens uncertain, 
but most commonly six ; the great length of the filaments 
two or three times that of the corolla, tipped by the bright 
red anthers, at once distinguishes it from the other species, 
and gives the chief beauty to the flower. The leaves usually 
grow by fives, but in cultivation two more are frequently 
added ; they are downy, and whitish underneath, slightly 
serrate, more particularly towards the point. The gevmen is 
supported on a pedicle, and contains several ovula ; but we 
could not perceive any dissepiment. 

In the Hortus Kewensis, Walter's name of parviflora has 
been adopted, and certainly has the right of priority, but as 
Michaux's name of macrostackya is common to all the conti- 
nental botanists, we have thought it best to conform to gene- 
ral usage. 

A very ornamental shrub. Native of the Southern States 
of North America. Introduced by Mr. John Fraser in 
1785. Bears our winters very well in the open ground, and 
is readily propagated by scions, which it puts forth very plen- 
tifully. Our drawing was taken from a specimen communi- 
cated by Mr. Blake from the collection of James Vere, Esq. 

We received it, also many years ago from our old friend 
Mr. Loddiges, and it is now to be met with in most of our 

#. the flowering stalk, b. branches bearing four leaves each. 


( 2119 ) 
Anchusa undulata. Waved-leaved Bugloss. 

Class and Order. 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. infundibuliformis, fauce clausa fornicibus. Sem. basi 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Anchusa undulata ; foliis lanceolatis dentatis strigosis, spicis 
secundis imbricatis, calycibus quinquepartitis tubo Ion- 
gioribus : fructiferis inflatis. Willd. Enum. 178. 

Anchusa undulata ; strigosa, foliis linearibus dentatis : pedi- 
cellis bractea minoribus, calycibus fructiferis inflatis. 
Sp. PL 191. Willd. 1. p. 757. Persoon Syn. 1. p. 
159. Hort. Kew.ed. alt. 1. p. 290. 

Anchusa angustis dentatis foliis, hispanica. Barrel ic. 578.? 

Buglossum lusitanicum, Echii folio undulato. Tourn. Inst. 
134. jBocc. Mus. t. 77 ? 

The figures of Barrelier and Boccone appear to be copies 
of one another, and neither of them probably belong to our 

Anchusa undulata is a hardy perennial ; native of Spain 
and Portugal. It was cultivated at Chelsea by Philip Miller 
in 1756, but has not probably been often seen in our collections 
from that time till very lately, when it has again become an 
inhabitant of the same Botanic garden, where it was raised 
from seeds received from Mr. Otto of the Berlin garden. 
Flowers in July and August. Communicated by Mr. 



Pul lj.9. 6trU* . WtU*<rrlk . J a it 2. i8to. 


( 2120 ) 

Scutellaria orientalis. Yellow-flowered 


Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. ore integro : post florescentiam clauso, operculato. 
Cor. tubus elongatus. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Scutellaria orientalis ; foliis incisis subtus tomentosis, 

spicis rotundato-tetragonis. Sp. PI. 834. Willd. 3. p. 

171. Per soon Syn. 1. p. 136. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 3. 

p. 426. 
Cassida orientalis, folio chameedryos, flore luteo. Tourn. it. 

n. 3 p. 306. cum icone. Engl. ed. 3. p. 143. Comm. rar. 

30. t. 30. Mart. Cent. 18. t. 18. 

Descr. Ste?n assurgent, branched, villous. Leaves petioled, 
ovate-oblong, crenate-serrate, rugose, hoary underneath. 
Spike four-cornered. Bractes quite entire, canoe-shaped, 
obsoietely three-nerved, equalling the tube and faux of the 
corolla. Calyx, as in the rest of the genus, helmet-shaped, 
with a sort of lid at the back, which closes over the seeds 
after the blossom falls. Corolla downy, wholly yellow, but 
tube and faux paler than the lower lip and tip of the upper. 
Anthers of the upper stamens didymous : those of the lower 
simple. Taste of the leaves, after a little chewing, intensely 
bitter, but not very permanent. 

The species of Scutellaria are far from being well under- 
stood. It is very evident that more than one have been con- 
tended under the name of orientalis. In the 14th edition of 
the Sy sterna Wgetabilium, published by Professor Murray, in 
he life-time of Linnaeus, an observation was added, that the 


Corolla was purple with a white lip ; which probably arose 
from confounding our grandiflora (No. 635) with Tourne- 
fort's plant, the subject of our present article, which has 
yellow downy flowers. There is again a variety of this which 
has leaves, not only tomentose and pale as in ours, but of a 
snowy white underneath. 

A tolerably hardy perennial. Native of Barbary and the 
Levant. Flowers in July and August. Cultivated by Philip 
Miller in 1729. Communicated by Messrs. Whitley. 
Brame, and Milne, at the Fulham Nursery, who raised it 
from seeds sent from Constantinople by Lady Liston. 


( 2121 ) 

Crinum Broussoneti. Broussonet's 

» » » » »» ft » » » a Jl ft frfriHMt# 

C/«ss awrf Order. 

Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. G%x nullus. Tubus longus, gracilis, cylindricus ; 
[saepe incurvatus ; in plerisque, dum semina maturantur, 
parte saltern persistens, neque, ut semper in Amaryllide, cum 
limbo marcescens.] Filamenta fauci tubi inserta. Stylus 
gracilis. Stigma punctum plus minus triangulare, aliquando 
fecundationis tempore fere trilobaturn, lobis verd corolla 
pereuntenonpersistentibus; superne fimbriatum : [fimbriae sa> 
pissime breves, conicae.] Limbus corollae vel infundibuliformis, 
vel campanulatus, vel crateriformis, vel radiatus, vel reflexus. 
Germen principio triloculare; capsula vero seminibus matures- 
centibus saepissime unilocularis ; tandem seminum pondere 
temere disrupta, neque suturis hiantibus, ut in Amaryllide, in- 
structa. Semina carnosa, viridia, magna plerumque, sed format 
et magnitudinis incertissimae, plus minus rugosa, nunquam 
vero nitentia, loculorum latera interiora crescendo rumpentia. 
Obs. Flores mox se expassuri inclinati vel nutantes, 
in aperiendo resurgentes. Folia sese invicem amplexa, 
in plerisque persistentia ac multifaria. Butbus vel spha- 
ncus } vel columnaris, vel tunicis usque ad basin Jissis. 

Herbert Mss. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Crinum Broussoneti ; 1 — 6-florum; bulbospbserico.purpureo; 
foliis multifariisj lorato attenuatis, canaliculars, undu- 
latis, viridibus, margine scabro ; scapo compresso, 
viridi, inferne purpurascente ; spatha viridi, inferne 
purpurascente ; genuine brevi, sine pedunculo ; corolla 
crateriformi campanulata, ubi expansissima fere radiata, 
£nte expansionem nutante et viridiore ; tubo viridi, in- 


( • ) 

curvato, 5-unciali; laciniis 4-uncialibus, latitudine sub- 
unciali, albis, intiis fascia fusco- purpurea, extus (prae- 
sertim laciniis exterioribus) fusco-purpurea et viridi 
striatis, ap;ce uncata purpurea ; filamentis curvatis, 
albis ; autheris pallidissime flavescentibus ; stylo curvato, 
albo, apicem versus saturate rubro ; stigmate puncto 

Amaryllis Broussoneti, Redoute lit. 62. 

Amaryllis ornata y. Ker in Journ. Sc. Sj A. vol. 2. p. 368. 

Crinum yuccaeflorum, Salisb. Parad. 52. 

Amaryllis yuccaeides. Thomps, Hot. Displ. t. 12. 

Amaryllis spectabilis. Bot. Rep. 390. 

Lilio-Narcissus africanus &t. Trew Ehret t. 13. ? Ehret 
pict. t. 5. f. 2. ? 

W. H. 

Crinum Broussoneli is a native of Sierra Leone, bearing, 
according- to the strength of the plant, from one to six, or 
perhaps more, flowers. Bulb, stripped of its dead coats, 
purple. Leaves multifarious, tapering to a point, channelled, 
undulated, green, with a rough margin ; their undulation 
much less conspicuous when they have grown rapidly in a 
high temperature. Scape flattened, green, purplish at the 
base. Spathe green, purple in the part that covers the germen, 
Germen short, without peduncle. Corolla somewhat cup- 
shaped, but almost radiate at the time of its fullest expansion; 
tube green, being a little more than five inches long ; laci- 
niae four inches long, five eights wide, ending with a" purple 
hook; white, with a brownish purple stripe within, which on 
the outside is edged with green, especially on the exterior 
laciniae : filaments bent, white ; anthers' straw-coloured ; 
style bent, white, bright red towards the point. Stigma a 
point a little divided. Buds nodding, and much greener 
before their expansion. 

The genus Crinum appears to be extended all round the 
globe : generally in situations shady, or moist, or subject to 
-inundations. It is distinguishable by a long slender cylindrical 
quill-shaped tube, [often bent, and in most species partly 
persistent while the seed is ripening, and not withering with 
the limb of the corolla as in Amaryllis.] Filaments inserted 
at the mouth of the tube. Style slender. Stigma a point 
•more or less triangular, sometimes at the moment when it is 
?ipe for impregnation becoming almost, if not entirely, 3-lobed, 


( 3 ) 

but afterwards shrinking- again to a point*. Limb of the corolla 
funnel-shaped, or campanula t€, or cup-shaped, or radiate, or re- 
flected. Germen originally 3-celled, but the mature capsule 
usually only one-celled, burst when ripe by the weight of the 
seeds, but not furnished with sutures that open like that of 
Amaryllis. Seeds fleshy, green, generally large, but of very 
irregular shape and size, more or less wrinkled, but never 
shining, bursting the internal divisions of the capsule as they 
swell. Buds inclining more or less some hours before 
they expand, and rising again as they are about to open. 
Leaves embracing each other, in most species persistent and 
multifarious. Bulb spherical, or columnar, or with tunics 
divided to the base. 

In cruentum, erubescens, defixum, amabile, scaberrimum, 
Broussoneti, and others, the buds nod completely. In pedun- 
culatum, canaliculatum, bractcatum, and capense (A. longi- 
folia Linn.) the inclination of the bud is much less, but it 
always takes place, though the degree varies in the different 
species. This does not occur in Amaryllis or any of the 
other genera allied to it. The incurvation of the tube is also 
peculiar to the genus Crinum. The degree of the expansion 
of the corolla and the inclination or bending of the filaments 
are specific features ; but they do not appear to be of any 
importance in determining the generic character, because 
they vary without any relation to each other in the different 
species. The filaments are indeed frequently bent in one 
flower and straight in another of a crowded liliaceous umbel, 
especially in Coburgia and Nerine, according to the more 
erect or horizontal posture of the flower. In Crinum pedun- 
culatum and canaliculatum the tube is nearly straight, the 
filaments and limb arranged in a star, the style straight. In 
erubescens and cruentum the corolla is reflected, and at last 
pendulous, the style and four or five filaments bent, one, or 
sometimes two, detached and erect. In americanum the 
tube and filaments are more bent, the corolla less expanded 
and reflected. In amabile the style and filaments a little 
curved, the laciniae of the corolla, unless at the last, not 

The fimbriae on the stigma of capense as well as brcri folium, <S:c. are 
short and conical. I have no certain memorandum as to those on Brcus- 
*o"et< and t ne S p ec j es allied to it, in which they may possibly be slenderer. 

expanding 1 

( 4 ) 

JSwTlttfcft^ b T' ''I *■***•■ »*» or three fila- 
me.its a little bent. In scabcrrimum, seulanicum ftiv»,« 
soneh, and others, the filament, and ^be^ ^1^7 the 
corolla though expanding- very wide for a few hours ins 
general appearance more campanula. In Z, e Z he fib 

ov . la nf h P f r e S " f "'»"•"•««"'« have each only two 

; f s " f o''»n>o„e: those ofcruentum two at most! and 

tTe nearest kt a . r n P *? "* '" " ,e Wl '° le C ^ suie • "^cens, 
caosnl L„ f* W "* r, l ,ens as ™">y ^ <*• seeds in a 

nsnallv „„r P SC •°"' °" e t0 ** or ^ ■ oanaliculcU Um 
usually one; sometimes two, in separate cells which it, . hat 

flaUe'e ^ b a v r X Se t Ved T b , y & ^ **£* ^M 
flattened by contact. Tjiese arc therefore specific features 

having- no weight in determining the genus. W. H 

Specierum Enumeratio. 
*I.amabiIe. ^-^1605. 8Uperbllm £ puto , 
2. toxtcanum v « «- * ^ g^ 

To? el f Under three inchcs > lim *> rather 

v. p. iwafic^ not. Mag. 1073. et, puto. 
procerum, Dr. Carey's Mss. taller/ with 
,„ more erect leaves. 

3 brevifolmm y - //or , * bracteatum. **. /^. 

b ac eat* sunt Patria insula Sundeep prope 

* Ch.ttagong- et forsan alibi in Asia 

v. J3. Jat.idium hovtulanorum, foliis minus 
undulalLs iacmns corollas loneioribus This 
JMM ,s closely allied to toxicarium, but 
^tinguis hable by its 8malleP sizej obtuse 

°; Uo . . th f jeaycs, very short peduncle, and 

*4 Aits* ^ c >' ,ind "cali3 -ovate germen 

* sumatranum. Ae, in JouL Sc. Znd A. ' Distinguish. 

able from toxicarium by a rough margin 

to the leaves ; tube and lacing of the 

«a ■ . corolla each four inches 

'hneg.vB. i L1 be four inches, and 
lacimaj two. 


( 5 ) 

*6 exaltatum. mihi. vel forsan pedunculati var. exaltata, 
foliis 5-pedalibus, scapo 4 pedali, genuine 
et pedunculo gracilibus dignoscenda. Spe- 
cies, credo, maxima. 
*7. canaliculatum. Kcr. in Journ. Sc. and A. A pedun- 
culato tubo 2-unciali et laciniis 4-uncia- 
libus dignoscenda. 
*8. erubescens. v. «. minor. Bot. Mag. 1232. with six 
flowers, paler. 

v . (3. major, with more flowers, redder. 

*9 cruentum. Bot. Reg. 171. Patria America meridionaUs? 
*10 anomalum. mihi. BiUbusimperfectus,brevitercolumnaris, 
tunicis usque ad basin fissis, foliorum scilicet 
marginibus nequaquam coalescentibus sed 
vel ima parte sesquiunciam inter se distan- 
tibus. Folia multifaria, undulata, acuta, 
reflexa, ubi divergunt angustiora et canali- 
culata. Scapus sesquipedalis. Flores cir- 
citer 14, albi. Tubus sesquiuncialis. Laciniae 
angustae, uncias 2^ longaft. Stylus purpureus 
vix semunciam tubum excedens. Filamenta 
laciniis unciam circiter breviora. Patria 
*11. americanum. Bot. Mag. 1034. asiaticum Redoute. 
*12. defixum. Ker. in Journ. Sc. and A. Asiaticum. Hort. 
Beng. Leaves narrow, erect, and shining ; 
flowers white. Bulb spherical, green. 
*13. ensifolium. lb. Very like defixum, but its leaves are 
more acute. Flowers blush coloured. 
14. longifolium. lb. 

r 15. loritoiium. lb. Very like Longifolium in leaf. 
16. revolution. Am. revoluta. Hort. Kern, et Burchcll 
tabula picta inedita 1 . Its leaves perish with 
us in winter. The plant figured from Mr. 
Woodford's for Am. revoluta in the Bot. 
Mag. (1178) was of the next species. I 
saw the plant. 
*17. capense. var. «. A. longifolia. Bot. Mag. 1178. 

• var. f3. A. riparia. Burchell Mss. floribus et 

praesertim tubo saturates purpurascentibus, et 
stigmate magis lobato. 

var. y. viridifolia : flore nondum viso forsan 
species diversa. 


( 6 ) 

*I8. longiflorum. Bot.Reg.S03. Am. longifolia var. longi- 

flora, minus recte. 
*19. ecaberrimum. Hortic. Trans, v. 3. pt. 2. p. 195. 
folia quinque pedes longa, undulata, 
canaliculata, flaccida, in arcu reflexa, 
margine scaberrimo. Scapus viridis! 
%ar . , . Floressexvel ultra, rubro laetissimo striati 

20. zeylanicum. Bot. Mag. 1171. Am. ornata 0. Bulbo 
et columna saturate sanguineis. Folia 
undulata, margine lasvi : ubi tenella sunt 
apice rubro facillime dignoscenda. Scapus 
purpureus. Flores 6-20 rubro purpuras- 
cente saturate striati. 
SI. latifolium. Hort. Bmg. et Roxb. Mss. Amabile vero 
Roxb. in tabula depicta. Species zeylanico 
affinis. Bulbus rubescens ; folia sine apice 
rubro, undulatissima, margine albo scabro. 
Scapus viridis : flores 6—20 rubro delica- 
tissimo striati. It is strange that the name 
amabile, which had been substituted very 
properly for latifolium by Dr. Roxburg, 
should have been taken from this plant 
» 00 . . . and s lven ^ his superbum without cause 

22. speciossissimum. Dr. Carey. Bulbus ut in prfeceden- 
tibus, purpurascens. Folia longa, vix 
2 uncias lata, acuta, undulata, marline 
scabro. Flores 6— 20. Lacinia? unciam 
latae, rubro pallide striates, hiemali tem- 
pore fere albav Scapus viridis. Patria 
,23. moluccanum. Ker in Journ. Roxb. Mss. % tab. 
depict. Sp. praecedenti affinis, minor, 
humihor, foliis undulatioribus nee tam 
saturateviridibus,marginescabro. Bulbus 
palhdepurpurascens. Flores rubro striati. 
Scapus viridis. N. B. Dr. Roxburgh 
drawing of this plant is numbered wrong, 
and erroneously attached to his descrip- 
tion of C. zeylanicum, which has been 

% oa i> . th( r cause of confusion and error. 

*24. Broussoneti. supra, n. 2121. 

25. yuceffiides. Broussoneti^ affinis. Cultura3 difficilioris. 

Bulbo minus purpurascente ; foliis stric- 


( 7 ) 

tioribus, vix undulaiis et margine fere* 
lsevi. Flores accuratius notandi. 
*26. distichum. Am. ornata. v. a. Bot. Mag. 1253. A. 

disticha. lb. in nota p. 1943. b. 
*2R giganteum, rectius petiolatum. Am. gigantea. Ker in 
Journ. Sc. % A. A. Ornata (3. Bot. Mag. 
923.* Bulbo saturate viridi, foliis undulatis, 
petiolatis, floribus 6 — 8, albis. 

Species minus nota. 

28. campanulatum mihi. Aquaticum Burchell in herbaria 

et specimina viva in horto. Sp. capensi 
affinis, floribus, ut videtur, minoribus et 
magis campanulatis. 

29. Commelini. Jacquin. 

30. amcenum. Ker in Journ. Sc. 8$ A. 

31. angustifblium. lb. 

32. venosum. lb. 

33. elegans. Care?/ Mss. Patria Pegu ; folia latitudine folia 

C. erubescentis aequantia, sed minus rigida. 
Flores albi, speciosi. 

34. sinicum. Roxb. Bulbus unicus ex China ann. 1809 

Calcuttam adlatus, ubi nee fructus adhuc nee 
bulbulos dedit. Erubescente major, foliis 
undulatissimis, saturate viridibus. Flores albi, 
laciniis angustis. 

35. brevilimbum. Carey Mss. Patria N. Holl. C. erubes- 

scentis magnitudine, foliis acutis rigidis- 
simis. Laciniis corolla? brevibus, latis, 
Primula formam referentibus. 

36. canalifolium. mihi. Canaliculatum Carey, sed non Roxb. 

foliis canaliculars, floribus circiter decern, 
pallide rubescentibus, extus saturates. 

37. erythrophyllum. Carey Mss. Patria Pegu : foliis satu- 

rate sanguineis. 

38. ornatum. lb. Patria Mauritius. 

*39. flaccidum. Sp. ex. Nov. Holl. bulbo sphaenco folnsque 
longifolio simillima, floribus valde diversis. 

Species Dubice. 
40. umbellatum. Carey Mss. forsan Brevifolium var. minor. 

( 8 ) 

*41. brachyandrum. lb. Nov. Holl. filamentis, brevissimis : 

forsam C. pedunculatum. 
*42. Floridanum. Fraser, in insula propelitusFloridaslectum; 
toxicario simillimum, nee forsan diversum. 
*43. undulaefolium mihi. Ex Brazilia species scaberrimo 
admodum affinis ; foliis nondum arcuatis,, 
neque flore viso. Patria forsan Africa? 
44 — 5 — 6 — & 7. Carey Mss. Species alias quatuor ex Nov. 
Holl. accuratius notandae. 

N. B. The species marked with a star, besides nine or ten hybrid sorts, 
are cultivated at Spofforth ; the rest, excepting campanulatum, are probably 
not in this country. 

The words placed between brackets, in the generic character, may 
possibly be only specific differences. Herbert Mss. 

For the whole of this article, as well as the drawing-, we 
are indebted to the Hon. William Herbert,, of Spofforth. 


( 2122 ) 



* * ***** ********* ***** 

Class and Order. 

Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. 4t~*. 5-partitus, superus. Petala4 — s. 5. Caps. 4 — s. 
5— ^ocularis, oblonga, angulis dehiscens. Sem. numerosa, 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Jussieua grandiflora ; erecta, foliis integerrimis : inferioribus 
spathulatis : superioribus lanceolatis, floribus decandris, 
pudunculis calycibusque villosis. Pursh. ft. am. Sept. 
p. 304. 

JussiiEA grandiflora, radice perenni repente, caulibus erectis, 
pedunculis calycibusque villosis, foliis integerrimis : in- 
ferioribus spathulatis : superioribus lanceolatis, floribus 
maximis decandris. Michaux fl. am. bor. 1. />- 267. 
Persoon Syn. 1. p. 469. 

The flowers of Jussieua grandiflora are very large and 
shewy, but extremely fugitive. It is an aquatic and may be 
cultivated in a pond in the open air, in which situation it 
blossomed two years following at Chelsea; but it produces 
finer and more plentiful flowers, when planted in a pot, and 
placed in a pan of water, in the stove. The economy of 
this plant, when growing in water is very curious, and was 
pointed out to us by Mr. Anderson, in the Chelsea Garden. 
It sends out long runners, from every joint of which grow 
erect, flowering branches and thick tufts of short, fibrous 
roots, of a dark colour, and above these long branched, 
spongy, extremely light substances, about the size of a goose 
quill, and not unlike the pith of elder, which may be called 
floaters or buoys ; as their use appears to be to keep the 


plant near the surface ; for Mr. Anderson observed that, 
thoug'h the water in which it grew did not exceed eighteen 
inches in depth, it never shewed any disposition to attach 
itself to the earth. 

Pursh quotes Abbot's Insects of Georgia for a figure of 
this species, but probably from memory, as he does not refer 
to the particular plate ; nor can we find any figure of Jussieua 
there, but one of erecta, which has a four-cleft calyx, four 
petals, and four stamens; and cannot therefore belong to 
grandijlora, as this is decandrous, and has uniformly five 
petals, and a five-cleft calyx. 

Native of North America ; growing in swamps and ponds 
of Carolina and Georgia. Flowers from July to September. 
Communicated by Mr. Anderson. 



( 2123 ) 
Zinnia hybrida. Large-flowered Zinnia* 

Class and Order. 
Syngenesia Polygamia Superflua. 

Generic Character. 

Recept. paleaceum. Pappus aristis 2, erectfs. Cal. ovato- 
cylindricus, imbricatus. Flosculi radii 5, persistentes, integri. 

Specific Character. 

Zinnia hybrida ; foliis cordatis sessilibus margine scabris, 
seminibus disci bi-aristatis : radii muticis, pedunculis 
clavatis fistulosis. 

Desc. Root annual. Stem hairy, branched : branches 
trichotomous, one flowered. Leaves sessile, oblong-oval, 
cordate, 5-nerved, minutely pubescent on both sides, rough 
at the margin. Peduncle terminal, fluted, club-shaped, hollow 
within. Calyx oblong-oval : scales imbricated obtuse, mar- 
gins coloured, denticulate. Radius many flowered, of a bright 
crimson colour on the upper, and greenish on the under side. 
Disk dark-purple, mixed with green. Receptacle conical. 
Palece lanceolate, equalling the florets, green. 

It differs from both paucijlora and elegans in being pubes- 
cent, as well as in the colour of the flowers ; from the former, 
in the length of the peduncle ; and from the latter, in having 
sessile, but not stem-embracing leaves, and a more conical 
disk; the paleae of which are not fimbriate at the point. 

Communicated by Messrs. Whitley, Bra me, and Milne, 
in August last, under the name of grandifiora ; but as we 
find the same species in the herbarium of A. B. Lambert, 
Esq. collected in South America by Ruiz and Pavon, under 
that of hybrida, we have thought it right to adopt this. Mr. 
Whitley received the seeds of this plant from the East Indies, 
by favour of Mrs. Stuart, but it was most probably intro- 
duced there from Brazil. Requires the same treatment as 
°ther tender annuals. 


i-ui M-S. twrti* . Wj.u aK / 

( 2124 ) 

Nsrine* Rosea. Rose-coloured Nerine. 

♦ ♦ ♦ » ♦ ♦ » fr a Mti j ufcifr frfr » » 

Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Stigma principio simplex, dein trifidum, nisi casu aliquando 
bifidum. Stigmatis laciniae superne et intus fimbriis gracilibus 
munitae. Filamenta alterna longiora ; breviora corollas 
laciniis exterioribus adhaerentia ; versus basin latiora, gib- 
bosa, et in nectarium, liquore saepe repletum, coalescentia. 
Corolla; lacinice radiatae, undulatae, usque ad germen divisae, 
basis medio filamentis infra junctionem adhaerentia. Germen 
triloculare. Semina, viridia, capsulam rumpentia, compres- 
sione angularia, parte exteriore rotundatae et aliquando sub- 
purpurascentia. Folia bifaria, [decidua, floribus tardiora, vel 
sub-isocrona ?] Bulbus sphaericus ; tunicas, ubi obsolete et 
lacerata?, filamentosae. Herbert Mss. 

Specific Character. 

Nerine rosea ; foliis lato-loratis nervoso-striatis humi pros- 
tratis, laciniis basi contractis aequaliter revoluto-paten- 
tibus, genitalibus fasciculatim erectis longissimis. 

This species was found wild at the Cape, and the im- 
ported bulb flowered at Spofforth in 1815. The flowers 
are much larger than those of sarniensis, and of a more 
brilliant rosy red ; the style and filaments much longer ; 
the leaves wider, more fleshy, of a darker green colour, 
the nervous striae much stronger, and when held to the light, 
are seen to be interrupted by cross bars ; they lie flat upon 
the ground, not at all erect as in sarniensis. 

* In No. 2113, wherever the word Galatea occurs, it should be read 
Nerine ; the name of Galatea being already occupied in Zoology, we have 
been obliged to change it. 


Specierum Enumeratio. 

] p N.— undulata. Bot. Mag. 369. % N.-~ humilis. lb. 
726. 3. N.— flexuosa. Bot. Reg. 172. 4. N.— venusta. 
Bot. Mag. 1090. Varietates duo vel tres extant. 5. N.— sar- 
niensis. Bot, Mag. 294. vel rectius venusta, var. sarniensis. 
6. N — rosea. Supra 2124. 7. N.— corusca. Bot. Mag. 
1089. (Am. humilis. j3.) 8. N.— curvifolia. .Bo*. Mzg. 725. 
9. N.— lucida? Burchell. Sp, nondum apud nos florida, 
neque flore lecto aut in herbariis inveniendo : foliis angustis 
nitidis, persistentibus. Herbert Mss. 

" The genus Nerine is widely separated from Amaryllis 
and Cyrtanthtjs. It is nearly allied to the bulbs proposed 
to be named Coburgia, but in its cup and seed it approaches 
nearer to Calostemma + and the Pancratiums of the Western 
hemisphere ; the European and Canary Pancratiums forming 
a distinct genus with small black seeds like Narcissus, and the 
Amboyna Pancratium being of an equally different genus, 
which presents the singular phenomenon of a perfect tuni- 
catedbulb formed in the capsule. Nerine is probably confined 
to South Africa. It has the stigma at first simple, after many 
days trifid when perfect, but sometimes distorted and bifid ; 
fimbriated on the top or inside of its lobes with slender tubes. 
Filaments enlarged and gibbous near their base, where they 
are united so as to form a round or ventricose cup, which is 
often full of liquor. Alternate filaments longer, the shortest 
attached to the outer laciniBe^. Laciniae radiate, undulated, 
divided quite to the germen, and attached by the middle of 
their base to the filaments, below the point where they coalesce 
into a cup. Capsule 3-celled. Seeds green, bursting the capsule 
outwardly, angular by compression, on the outer side rounded, 
and sometimes becoming a little purple by exposure. Leaves 
bifarious ; in all the known species (unless lucida belongs to 
this genus) deciduous, sprouting a little later than, or about 
the same time as the flower stem. I am inclined to think 
lucida will be found to belong to the same genus as falcata 
and coranica." W. Herbert Mss. 

+ " In addition to the differences of a tapering style, an acute and slightly 
bifid stigma, a 2-celled germen, and shining green seeds, I distinguish 
Caiostemtna from Pancratium, by the base of the laciniae being continued 
like ribs on the outside of a stamineous tuhe, and on the germen. It should 
have been mentioned under genus Lycoris, (vide No. 2113. 5.) that the 
nerves of the style of aurea are spirally twisted." W. H. 

X The filaments of Amaryllts regince are of two lengths and alter- 
nate. ; their correspondence therefore in that genus is only a specific feature, 
and their definition should stand thus : Filaments of various lengths »« 
the different species, corresponding alternately or with their opposites. 
Reticulata may decidedly rank as Coburgia. IV. H. 

( 2125 ) 

#♦»♦<♦ #♦ 4hM* $.$..$. $ -*- #. $ <* 
C7«ss #/id Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. aristatus. Corolla lab. super, adscendens, planiusctt- 
lum • tubus cylindricus. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Betonica incana ; spica interrupta, corollarum galea bifida; 

lacinia intermedia labii inferioris crenata, tubo tomentoso. 

incurvo. Ait. Hort. Kew. ed. I. 2. p. 299. Edit. alt. 

3. p. 396. mild. Sp. PL 3. p. 94. Persoon Syn. % 

p 123. Lam. et Decand. Fl. Franc. 6. p. 400. 
Betonica incana foliis lanceolatis obtusis incanis, spica florum. 

crassiori. Mill. Diet. ed. 8. n, 5. 
Betonica italica incana flore cameo. Barr. Ic. 340. 

Desc Leaves ovate- cordate, crenate, obtuse, rugose, villous 
and palish underneath, but scarcely hoary, as its name would, 
import, petioled: superior ones sessile at the base of the spike, 
which is sometimes interrupted, sometimes not, oval, dense. 
Bractes lanceolate, ciliate. Flowers bright flesh or rose- 
coloured : upper-lip bifid, intermediate lobe of the lower lip 
large crenulate, undulate ; side-lobes patent. Stamens when 
deflorate, reflected to the sides as in Stachys. Calyx 
frequently 7-cleft : teeth mucronate and pungent. 

This species, first named and characterized by Philip 
Miller, was taken up in the first edition of Alton's Hortus 
Kewensis, and thence adopted by Wildenow and Persoon. 
Italy is assigned by Miller as its native country ; and it has 
been found also in woods near Nantes by M. Hectot, and is 
admitted into the French Flora. 

Betonica incana is a hardy perennial; propagated by 
seeds or by parting its roots in the autumn; flowers in June, 
July, and August. Communicated by N. S. Hodson, Esq. 
of Bury St. Edmunds in 1816. 



( 2126 ) 
Erica Bonplandiana. Bonpland's Heath. 


Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. 4-phyllus. Cor. persistens : limbo 4-fido. Antkera 
ante anthesin per foramina duo lateralia connexae. Caps. 
4-— 8-locularis, 4 — 8-valvis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Sect. 5. B. Brevifoliae. Corolla tubus urceolaris. Flores 

axillares. Bracteee calyci proximae. 
Erica Bonplandiana; foliis quaternis imbricatis acerosis, 

corollis sessilibus prope apicem ramulorum solitariis 

subternisve, antheris aristatis. 
Erica Bonplandiana. hod. Cab. inedit. 

This species has a good deal of affinity with Blandfordiana, 
and densa of Andrews. From the latter it is distinguished by 
the corolla being more cylindrical, widest at the base, but 
not at all bellied in the middle, and by its leaves being 
shorter, more rigid, and not glossy ; from the former, by the 
colour, which in that is a bright yellow, as well as by other 
less striking characters. 

We should perhaps have been inclined to consider all three 
as varieties, but our friend Mr. George Loddiges, who has 
them frequently under his eye, has no doubt of their being 
specifically distinct. 

Native of the Cape of Good Hope. Requires the same 
treatment as other Cape Heaths. Flowers in May and June, 
Communicated by Messrs. Loddiges and Son. 



I § # y t* 

' >Ji 

VI W .' < < 


V&-\^-.W tj i& 

X M. ***■ ?**+ 



( 2127 ) 


4MhMhM* W^MMMh^hMMh^ 

Class and Order. 

JPentandria (Octandria. Smith.) Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. infundibuliformis, 5-dentatus. Cor. 5-petala. Caps. 
3- — e. 4-locularis, polysperma, calycie tecta. 

Specific Cliaracter and Synonyms. 

Bjeckea firgata ; foliis lineari-lanceolatis pellucido-punctatis, 
pedunculis axillaribus umbelliferis. Bot. Repos. 598. 

Bjeckea virgata. Hort. Kew. Epit. 

Leptospermum virgatum ; foliis oppositis lineari-lanceolatis. 
Forst. Gen. p. 48. Sweet Hort. suburban. p. 81. 

Descr. Leaves opposite, crowded, linear-lanceolate ; faintly 
three-nerved, dotted with pellucid glands. Peduncles axillary, 
bearing a few-flowered umbel. Calyx superior, 5-toothed, 
teeth distant, coloured. Cor. 5-petalled : petals roundish, 
with a long narrow claw. Stamens from five to ten, shorter 
than the claw of the petal, inserted at the base of the calycine 
teeth. Five or ten appears to us the natural number, 
but in the flowers we examined, the number was generally 
five ; sometimes six, being two stamens to one of the calycine 
teeth, and only one to the other four. Our specimen flowered 
in the middle of December ; perhaps in a warmer season 
there would have been two stamens to each of the teeth. 
Filaments short, incurved, terminated with a gland, which 
gives to the anthers the appearance of being 3-lobed; but as 
the gland soon dries up, to observe this the examination must 
be made before the flower is expanded. The Germen is at 
first concave at the crown, but afterwards becomes flat and 

Bjeckea, Leptospermum, and Faruicia, are very nearly 
a "ied, and all belong to the natural order of Myrti. Indeed, 


except in the number of stamens, which seems also to be 
inconstant, we do not find any difference between this species 
and Leptospermum. With the Chinese species we have had 
no opportunity of comparing it. In our account of Fabricia 
Icevigata, (vide No. 1304) by an error of the press, the Class 
is said to be Hexandria instead of Icosandria. 

Native of New South Wales. Requires only to be pro- 
tected from frost. Flowers from September to the end of 
December. Communicated by Mr. Lee, of the Hammersmith. 


( 2128 ) 


Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Stigma emarginatum. Cal. acuminato-spinosus. Legu- 
yien mucronatum. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Borbonia ruscifolia ; folitf semiamplexieaulibus ovato-cor- 
datis mucronatis ciliatis, dente calycis infenorc carmam 

aequante. , „ n . 

Planta leguminosa jethiopica, folns rusci. Breyn. Lent. 

t 28. 
Borbonia cordata. «. Banks. Herb. 

The Borbonia cordata figured by Jacquin m h.s Hortus 
Schcenbrunnensis, and which appears to us to be the Linnean 
plant, is in many respects very different from our present 
subject. The leaves of cordata are quite entire with smooth 
margins, they are also much narrower with the nerves 
closer together ; calyx and corolla very villous which in rus- 
cifolia are nearly smooth ; the shape of the vexillum is 
obcordate, in our plant it is broadest at the base, with the 
margins revolute. _ , . 

Breynius's figure above quoted as a synonym of our plant, 
has been referred by Linn^us in the Species Plantarum to his 
cordata, and retained there by Willdenow. At Mo. M* ot 
our work, the same synonym is referred we believe on the 
authority of Solander, to Borbonia crenata. But it seems 

to us to be quite distinct from both, and to accord entirely 
with our plant, which we have therefore called by the very 
appropriate name he has given it. *. 

There is a specimen in the Banksian Herbarium which 
accords very nearly with our plant. 

Our drawing was made many years ago at Mr. Whitley's 
of the Fulham Nursery. 

Native of the Cape of Good Hope. Requires the protection 
of the Greenhouse. Flowers in July. Propagated bv seeds 
or cuttings. J 


( 2129 ) 



Clas$ and Order. 
Gynandria Digynia. 

Generic Character. 

Labellum (nectarium) ventricosum, inflatum (nunc sac- 
catum). Columna postice terminata lobo petaloideo (staminff 
sterili) antheras distinguente. Petala % antica saepius con- 
nata. Brown in Hort. Kew. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

CvpRipEbiuM venttstum; acaule, foliis lanceolatis equitaii- 
tibus maculatis, petalis lateralibus ciliatis, nectario venoso 
ore inflexo. 

Cypripedium venustum. IVallich. 

Descr. Leaves ovate-lanceolate, carinate, spreading distich- 
wise, their bases overlapping one another alternately ; spotted 
with large green spots on the upper surface, and small purple 
dots on the under, perennial. Scape but little longer than the 
leaves, rounded. Spathe ovate, concave, keeled ; keel and mar- 
gins blackish. Germen twice as long as the spathe, obtusely 
3-angled. Corolla at first nodding : upper petal oval, con- 
cave, white, striped with green : lower petal smaller, otherwise 
similar, composed of two united, which is proved (as observed 
by Brown) by the absence of the midrib. The two lateral 
petals longer than the others, strap-shaped, ciliated with dark 
purple hairs, externally of the same colour with the others ; 
internally marked With black round spots, and towards the 
tip tinged with purple. Slipper (labellum or nectary) inflated, 
oval, beautifully veined with green and tinged with purple, 
the opening bent inward at the sides, leaving the corners 
erect. Column short, dark green, terminated with a two* 
lobed lid. Style incurved, short : stigma large, orbicular. 


Filaments lateral, sulcate ; anthers at the time of examination 
much wasted : pollen glutinous. 

TheGermen, which was much incurved, at the time the 
drawing was taken, afterwards became straighter, and the 
flower in consequence ceased to droop ; the upper petal 
becoming quite upright, and the lateral ones spreading hori- 

Native of the East Indies. Communicated by Messrs. 
Whitley, Brames, and Milne, in November ; who received 
it from the botanic garden at Calcutta. It was brought here 
by Captain Craigie. The only account we can find of this 
plant,^ is a mere notice by Dr. Wallich in a letter to 
Dr. Francis Hamilton, published in the first volume of the 
Edinburgh Philosophical Journal, of a third new species 
of Cypripedium from Nepal, to which, we understand 
from Mr. Brown, the Doctor has given the name, which wt 
have adopted. 


( 2130 ) 
Lactuca perennis. Perennial Lettuce. 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Recept. nudum. Cal. imbricatus, cylindricus, margine 
membranaceo. Pappus simplex, stipitatus. Sem. laevia. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Lactuca perennis ; foliis omnibus pinnatifidis : laciniis 

linearibus sursum dentatis, floribus corymboso-panicu- 

latis. Willd. Sp. PL 3. p. 1530. Hort. Kew. ed. alt A. 

p. 442. Persoon Syn. 2. p. 365. Lam. et. Dec. fi. 

franc. 4. p. 11. Pollich Pal. 2. p. 374. n. 730. 

Villars Dauph. 3. p. 156. Krock. Sites, n. 1258. 
Lactuca foliis linearibus dentato-pinnatis : laciniis sursum 

dentatis. Hort. Cliff. 384. Mill. ic. 2. p. 105. t 157. 
Chondrilla caerulea altera cichorii sylvestris folio. Bauh. 

Pin. 133. 
Chondrilla caerulea Belgarum. Lob. ic. 1. p. 230. f. 1. 
Chondrilla altera. Dod. pempt. 637. — caerulea. Tabern. 

176. Raj. Hist. 227. Ger. emac. 286. 
Apate. Dalech. Hist. 561. / 2. Ed. Gall. v. 1. p. 472 


Lactuca perennis is called a hardy perennial, but being a 
native of the southern parts of Europe, is liable to be 
destroyed by frost, especially if not planted in a dry soil ; but 
is easily propagated by seeds. It is said to abound in a milky 
juice of a sweet taste. Grows in vineyards and in the crevices 
of rocks open to the sun, in a soil abounding in limestone, in 
Germany, Italy, and France. Flowers from June to August. 
^a» cultivated by Mr. John Gerard in 1596. 


Pu.1 .ijf.S. Im-tUs . Wa&rtyrth. Sthruar\. 

( 2131 ) 


4|hNhNMh| ♦♦♦♦♦♦t i i 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. l-petala, irregularis. Cal. spinosus. Caps. 5-vaIvi^ 

Specific Name and Synonyms. 

Cpius monspeliensis. Willd. Sp. PL 1. p. 1000. Hort. Cliff. 

68. Kniph. Cent. 9. n. 27. Hort. Kew. cd. alt. 1. 

p. 383. Persoon Syn. 1. p. 171. Fill Dauph. 2. 

p. 464, Desfont. Atl. 1. p. JS6. Lam. 111. t. 102/ 

Lam. et. Decand. Ft. franc, v. 3. p. 437. 
Coris caerulea maritima. Bauh, Pin. 280. Raj. Hist. 882. 

Moris. Hist. 3. p. 362. s. 11. L 5. /. nit. 
Coris caerulea monspeliaca. Ger. emac. 544. Tabern. 

Krauter Buck 1221. 
Coris Monspeliensium. P<zr&. Theatr.bll. 
Coris quorundam. C/ws. //?*p. 485. fig. bona. Hist. 2. p. 174 
Coris monspeliaca. Lo6. ic. 1. 402. /. 1. & 2. Je/v. /i. 174 
Coris monspessulaua purpurea. Bauh. Hist. 3. p. 434. 
Symphytum petraeum. Cam. Epit. 699. cum. fig. a Gesnero 

It has been suggested that Lamarck's figure, above quoted, 
way be from a distinct species, the margin of the leaves being 
represented to be covered with little spines, and the corolla much 
less irregular, than as it usually occurs. The wooden cut in 
Clusius's History of rare plants observed in Spain is excellent. 
The same is repeated in his general history and in Lobei/s 
Icones, but somewhat deteriorated. There is a good figure 
too in Camerarius's Epitome, which John Bauhix informs 
us was taken from a dried specimen, communicated by him to^ 


The Coris nionspeliensis in habit very much resembles 
a Thyme, but belongs to the natural order of Primulacea 
It is a beautiful little plant, worthy of being more generally 
cultivated than it has been ; its lively purple flowers are 
scentless, but preserve their colour yery well when dry. 

It will flower the first year from seed, and is considered by 
some authors as annual ; by others it is said to be perennial ; 
and in the Hortus Kewensis it is marked as biennial. It may 
be propagated by seeds ; or, as these are not always produced 
here, Miller directs cuttings of it to be planted in a very 
moderate hot-bed in the autumn, which will take root in 
about six weeks, 

Requires to be protected from frost. Flowers early in the 
spring, and continues in bloom through most part of the 
summer. It grows naturally in barren dry soil near the sea, 
in the south of Europe, and in Barbary. Its roots are large 
in proportion to the size of the plant, and are said to dye 
linen of a red colour. Communicated by Mr. Anderson 
from the Chelsea Garden . Our figure was taken from a branch 
hanging over the edge of the pot, which appears to be a 
mode of growth natural to it. 



( 2132 ) 

JPalafoxia linearis, Lavender-leaved 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cat. oblonga, subimbricata, 8-polyphylla, multiflora. Cor. 
flosculosa, calyce Iongior : limbo 5-fido. Pappus palea- 
ceiis. Recept. nudum. Semina marginalia calycibus involuta. 

Specific Name and Synonyms. 

Palafoxia linearis. Lagasca Gen. et Spec, plant, p. 26. 
Stevia linearis. Cav. prelect, n. 464. 
Ageratum iineare. Cav. ic. 3. p. 3. t. 205. 

Descr. Stem erect, branched ; branches rounded, and 
with the whole plant clothed with a villous pubescence. Leaves 
generally alternate, one or two pair on the branches opposite, 
petioled, linear, or linear-lanceolate, revolute at the margin, 
much resembling those of Lavender. Corymbs terminal, tew 
flowered. Peduncles erect, naked, or with only here and 
there a minute subulate bracte. Calyx cylindrical : leaflets 
subimbricate, linear, concave, inclosing the germen of the 
outer florets. Tube of the florets nearly half as long again 
as the calyx : limb 5-cleft. Anthers included, stigma exserted, 
revolute, villous. Germen obconical, crowned with a palea- 
ceous pappus : palea? of unequal length, the larger ones 

The genus Palafoxia diners from Stevia, according to 
•LfAGAscA, in having an oblong, subimbricate, many-flowered 
calyx, spreading when the seed is ripe ; in the paleae of 


the pappus being lanceolate and acute ; and in the marginal 
seeds being enclosed each in a calycine leaflet. Native of 
Mexico. Perennial. Flowers in September and October. 

Our drawing was made from a specimen communicated by 
A. B. Lambert, Esq. from his collection at Boyton. We 
received it also from Messrs. Whitley, Brames, and Milne, 
of the Fulham Nursery. 


'.{arch. JL. J-dzo 

( 2133 ) 
Crinum flaccidoi. Macquarie Crinum. 


Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogyxia. 

Generic Character. Vide No. 1121. 

S ecif.c Character and Synonyms. 

CsisuMjlaccumm; mitinorum, foliis lineari-loraji* flaccidis, 
corolla infundibuiii'ormij tuho obsolete trigono lacinias 
obovatas subsequante, germine parum peounculo cras- 


CwmuMflacciflum. Herbert in Eot. Mag. No. 2121, /;. 7. 
Amakilu* australasica. Eot. Reg. 426. 

De^cr. Leaves multifarious linear-loratc, channelled; 
margins rough, about a foot and a half or two feet long. 
Scape green, twenty inches or nearly two feet long, much 
flattened, erect. Flowers 5 — 8, white, on peduncles irre- 
gularly angular, and exceeding an inch in length. Germen 
oblong-oval, very little thicker than the peduncle; cells con- 
taniing- each six ovula, or seven, the odd one being placed 
below. Tube a little curved, obsoietely angular, not quite 
the length of the limb, which is wide funnel shaped, the 
ends of the laciniaa being bent back, and their expansion 
above three inches (in Mr. Herbert's plant, in all the flowers 
exactly three inches and a quarter). Lacinicc obovate, obtuse, 
mucronate, with green hooks, nearly three quarters of an 
mch in width at the widest part: the inner ones somewhat 
the widest. Filaments about half the length of the lacmise, 
more or less curved. Style twice the length of the filaments, 
declined : stigma small, when perfect minutely 3-iobcd : 
Jimbrice thereon longer and slenderer than in capense, brevi- 
Johum, &c. Anthers yellow, lunulate, versatile. Spatke 
brown, 2-cleft, reflected, with several saw like bractes. 
ouds begin to incline about twenty-four hours before their 
ex pansion but do not nod. Scent of the flowers powerful, 


very like that of Crinum capense and Lilium Pomponium. 

For the above description we are chiefly indebted to 
the Honourable Wm. Herbert. 

According to Mr. Herbert's definition of Crinum, which 
we have adopted, this plant comes under that genus, and the 
specific name of flaccidum having the right of priority, we 
have preferred it to australasicum, especially as there are 
other Crinums in New Holland. 

The Crinum flaccidum is a native of New Holland, and 
was discovered in the same expedition that produced the 
purple and yellow Calostemmas, before published, " under 
the Macquarie Range in East longitude about 146, and about 
S3 of South latitude." 

Our drawing was taken at the Chelsea Garden in September 
1819, to which it was introduced by Barron Field, Esq. 
Judge of the Supreme Court of Civil Judicature in New 
S juth Wale*. 


H ■ 


( 2134 ) 
Cynoglossum pictum. Madeira Hound's- 



Class and Order. 

Pentandria Monogynia, 

Generic Character. 

Cor. infundibuliformis fauce clausa fornicibus. Semina 
depressa, interiore tantum latere stylo affixa. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Cynoglossum pictum ; corollis calyci subasqualibus : laciniis 
subrotundo-dilatatis, foliis lanceolatis tomentosis : supe- 
rioribus basi cordatis. Hort. Kew. ed I. p. 179 — ed 
altera 1. p. 291. Willd. Sp. PL 1. p. 761. Vahl 
Symb. 2. p. 34. Persoon Syn. 1. p. 159. 

Cynoglossum creticum ; foliis incanis obtusis obliquis, corollis 
striatis. Villars Delph. ij p. 457. 

Cynoglossum cheirifolium ; corollis ramoso-venosis calyce 
duplo longioribus patentissimis, foliis lanceolatis incano- 
villosis. Jacq. Collect. 3. p. 30. Scop. Cam. n. 193. 

Cynoglossum creticum II. Clus. Hist. 2. p. 162. Bauh. 
Hist. 3. p. 600. 

Cynoglossum folio molli incano, flore caeruleo striis rubris 
variegato. Moris. Hort. Blaes. p. 258.— Hist. 3. p. 449. 

Cynoglossum creticum latifolium fcetidum. Bauh. Pin. 257. 
Gariael Aix,p. 142. 

This plant is not confined to Madeira, but appears to be 

common in all the southern parts of Europe and in Barbary, 

m™ \ l lms been yer y ffenerally taken for Cynoglossum 

Wcmak by those botanists who are unacquainted with that 


plant, as it grows in North Europe. It is distinguished from 
officinale by the cauline leaves bung cordate at the bast, as 
well as by its larger flowers, of a paie colour, beautifully 
veined with deep blue. 

A hardy biennial; cultivated in the Oxford garden in IG58. 
Flowers from May to August. Commurucaied by Alexander 
M'Leay, Esq. J 


Vui.lj.S.Oo-tU. HTdhmirffi.^Mta-dh.iJ.Sai 


( 2135 ) 

Gentiana viscosa. Clammy Gentian. 

♦ ♦ ft M ft ft ft ft ft ft Eft ♦ ft ♦ ft ♦ ♦ 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. 1-petala. Caps. 2-valvis, 1-Iocularis : rcceptaculis 
2, longitudinalibus. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Sect. I. Corollis 5 — 9-fidis subcampanulatis. 

Gentia n a viscosa; corollis quinquefidis monogynis, paniculis 

trichotomis, bracteis perfoliatis, foliis oblongis trinerviis. 

Hort. Kcw. ed I. v. 1. p. 32l.—ed alt. v. S. p. 10'J. 
Exacum viscosu?n ; foliis oblongis nervosis amplexicaulibus, 

floribus quinquefidis, bracteis cordato-peribliatis caiyce 

Jongioribus. Smith ic. pict. t. 18. Willd. Sp. PL 1. 

p. 634. Persoon Syn. 1. p. 136. 

Descr. Stem herbaceous, erect : branches opposite, 
crossed. Leaves ovate-lanceolate, quite entire, usually 3-nerved, 
sometimes 5-nerved, but with the outer nerves less strongly 
marked, stem-embracing- : upper ones frequently connate. 
Bractes ovate, perfoliate, persistent, close to and longer than 
calyx, which is inferior, 5-toothed, upright. Corolla salver- 
shaped : tube twice the length of the calyx, white : limb 
5-cleft : laciniaz lanceolate-ovate, spreading-. Stamens live, 
on short filaments inserted into the tube of the corolla, and 
alternating with the laciniae. Anthers oblong, 2-lobed : lobes 
finally diverging at the base. Style equal to the stamens, 
curved at the point to bring the large two-lobed stigma in 
contact with the connivent anthers. Capsule oblong-eliiptical, 
one-celled, but in thegermen apparently two celled, 2-valved: 
valves rolled in at their margins, forming four receptacles. 
Seeds very many, minute, rugose, angular. Taste of the 
herb extremely bitter. 


Mr. Brown, in his Prodromus of the Plants of New Hol- 
land, has remarked that the genuine species of Exacum are 
sessile, pedunculatum, and perhaps piinctatum, with others 
unpublished, natives of the East Indies ; we have therefore 
thought it advisable to follow the example of the Hortus 
Kewensis in retaining our plant in the genus Gentian a ; from 
which it must, however, undoubtedly be hereafter separated. 
In many respects it approaches to the character of Chironia, 
but has not the twisted anthers of that genus. 

Native of the Canaries. A biennial, requiring the protec- 
tion of the greenhouse. Flowers in June and July. Propa- 
gated by seeds. Communicated by Mr. Blake, from the 
collection of James Vere., Esq. of Kensington Gore. 


t-rtts . WalworC 

( 2136 ) 

lupinus nootkatensis. £. fruticosus. 
Lee's Blue-flowered Tree-Lupin. 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. 2-labiatus. Antherce 5 oblonga?, 5 subrotundse. 
Legum. coriaceum, torulosum, compression. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Lupinus nootkatensis ; calycibus vcrticillatis inappendiculatis : 
labio inferiore integro, caule foliisque hirsutis, radice 
perenni. Bot. Mag. 131 i. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 4. 
p. 286. Pursh Fl. Am. sept. 2. p. 468. 

(a.) caulibus annuis hirsutis. Supra. 1311. 

(0.) frnticosus ; caulibus perennantibus demum glabris, 
calycibus subvert icillatis: labiis utrisque acutis intcgris. 

Desc. Stem shrubby, branched ; branches long, tortuou% 
unable to support themselves, rounded, hairy, but growing' 
nearly smooth with age. Stipules linear-lanceolate, quite 
entire. Petioles something longer than the leaves : leaflets 
7^—10, obovate, obtuse, with a small mucro, quite entire, 
Viiious on the under side and smooth on the upper. Pedun- 
cles very long, tortuous, hairy, lateral and terminal : pedicles 
shorter than the flower, growing some in whirls, some singly. 
Calyx 2-lipped : both lips acute and apparently entire. 
rexiUum orbicular, reflexed laterally, covering the upper-lip 
°t the calyx, pale purple, with orange coloured dots at the 
base. Aim large, inflated, united towards tiio tip, streaked 
y^ h blue. Carina sickle-shaped, with a sharp black point, 
^petals united the whole length. Filaments all united more 
than half -way up. free above. Anthers of tbe live shorter 


filaments oblong, brownish-yellow: of the five longer, roundish, 
saffron-coloured. Stigma villous. Legumen arched, hairy, 
with about six hollows for the seeds, which are often abortive, 
"very small, kidney-shaped, not compressed, shining, yellow 
spotted, and shaded with black: hylum large, terminal, hollow, 
with a small nipple-like projection at the margin. 

This plant, if nailed against a wall, is as hardy as the 
yellow Tree-Lupin, and will live through our winters very 
well. Flowers in May, and perfects its seed in the Autumn ; 
will flower from seed the first year. 

Communicated by Mr. Anderson from the Chelsea garden, 
where it was introduced by Mr. Lee, of the Hammersmith 
Nursery, who informs us it was first raised in Somersetshire 
from the seed of Lufinus perennis or nootkatensis, with the 
latter of which particularly it appears to have a very near 


( 2137 ) 

Lobelia racemosa. Green-flowered 

♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦ ♦♦♦♦♦ -#- $++ 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-fidus. Cor. 1-petala, irregularis, Anthcra cohae- 
rentes. Caps, infera, 2-s. 3-locularis. 

Specific Character. 

Lobelia racemosa ; caule suffruticoso crecto, foliis Ianceolato- 
ovatis serrato-dentatis, dentibus subspinulosis, racemo 
terminali, pedicellis florem aequantibus. 

The present plant, which appears to be an undescribed 
species of Lobelia,, was communicated by Messrs. Whitley, 
Brames, and Milne, to whom it was presented, together 
with several other curious plants, by Anthony Hart, Esq. 
from the island of St. Christopher's, in the West Indies. It 
has a near affinity with Lobelia surinamensis, stricta, and 
assurgens, more especially with the latter, from which how- 
ever it differs not only in the green colour of its flowers, but 
also in its upright habit, its smooth calyx, with awl-shaped 
patent segments, and several other characters. L. stricta 
has its flowers very nearly sessile, and the serrature of its 
leaves much finer and closer, with their margins rolled back. 

Lobelia racemosa is smooth in every part except a slight 
hairiness on the margin of the linear-lanceolate bractes, which 
may be considered rather as a denticulation, corresponding 
frith that of the leaves. Its stem was simple, quite erect, 
four or five feet high, with a terminal raceme at the time the 
drawing was taken, but afterwards branched out towards the 
to P It abounded in every part with a milky juice. It requires 
to be kept in the stove at least in the winter months. Flowers 
in July and August. 


Pu& hy S Cut-Lb VTulvrVr&i. Mi^ck J.itf 

( 2138 ) 
Struthiola erecta. Upright Struthiola. 

Class and Order. 
Tetrandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cat 0. (nisi eorollam velis) Cor. tubulosa : ore glandulis 
plerumque octo. Bacca exsucca, l-sperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Struthiola erecta ; ramulis strictis foliis linearibus obtusis 

glabris quadriiariam imbricatis cauli adpressis, corollis 

Struthiola erecta ; foliis linearibus glabris, ram is glabris 

tetragonis. Thunb. Prodr. 16. " WiM. Sp. PL 1. 

p. 692. Persoon Syn. 1. p. 148. Wcndl. Obs. Bot. 

p. 9. t. 2.f. 10. 
Struthiola tetragona ; foliis lineari-lanceolatis quadrifariam 

jmbricatis, corollis calyeibusque nudis. Rctz. Obs. 3. 

p. 25. 
Passerina dodecandra. Sp. PL 513. 
INectandra tetrandra ; foliis linearibus imbricatis glabris, 

floribus lateralibus, nectariis octonis. Berg. Cap. 133. 

The genus Struthiola has great affinity with Passerina, 
With which it was at first associated by Linnaeus; who, having 
only dried specimens to examine, regarded the eight glands 
at the month of the tube as so many anthers, and, finding 
four more within the tube, gave it the specific name of dode- 
candra. When he afterwards discovered that the eight bodies 
at the mouth of the tube were not anthers, he separated it 
rom Passerina, instituted a new genus under the name of 
struthiola, and removed it to the class Tetrandria, which 
the number of stamens demanded ; but why he should at the 
same time have denominated that part a calyx which in Pas- 
serina he continued to call corolla, is not easy to devise. Thw 


alteration of terms was made by Linnaeus himself, in the 12tli 
edition of the Systema Vegetabilium, though at No. 1212, 
by an oversight, we erroneously attributed the change to 
Professor Murray. 

Only two species of this genus being known to Linnjsus, 
one of which was smooth, the other pubescent, he used no 
other distinguishing characters ; the late Mr. Curtis was in 
consequence led to conclude, that the species figured at No. 
222 was the erecta. This figure has however in Hortus 
Kewensis been since referrred to Struthiola juniperina of 
Willdenow. Our present plant is undoubtedly a distinct 
species, and is the one supposed to be the erecta of Linn^us, 
well described by Bergius under the name of Nectandra 
tetrandra ; except that he says the leaves are scattered. 

StruthIola erecta is a pretty little greenhouse shrub of 
low stature, with delightfully fragrant flowers, which blossom 
both m the Spring and Autumn. Native of the Cape of 
Good Hope. Communicated by Messrs. Whitley & Co. 


At No. 222, exclude the Specific Name and Character with all the 
synonyms ; and substitute 

Struthiola juniperina; ramulis virgatis, foliis Iinearibus acutis paten- 
tibus corollisque glabns. . r 

Struthiola juniperina ; foliis Iinearibus glabris, antheris inclusis. Hort. 
Kew. ed. alt. 1. p. 271. 

Struthiola juniperina; foliis Iinearibus acutis patentibus, corollis ca- 
lycbusque nudis. Reft. obs. 3. p. 26. Willd. Sp. PL 1. p. 092. 

Per soon Syn. I. p. 148. 

J 1 

( 2139 ) 

Plumbago Europcea. European Lead- 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. infundibuliformis. Stamina squamis basin coroll* 
claudentibus inserta. Stigma 5-fidum. Semen 1> oblongum, 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Plumbago europcea ; foliis amplexicaulibus lanceolatis scabris, 

caule stricto. Willd. Sp. PI. 1. p. 837. Hort. Kew. 

ed. alt. 1. p. 323. Persoon Syn. 1. p. 175. Schkuhr 

Handb. 1. p. 118. t. 36. 
Plumbago europcea ; foliis amplexicaulibus lanceolatis scabris. 

Hort Cliff. 53. Sp.Pl. 215. Sm. Prodr. Fl. Grcecce 1. 

p. 131. FL Grctc. t. 191. Allioni Pedem. n. 315. 

Besf. Atl. 1. p. 171. 
Lepidium Dentellaria dictum. Bauh. Pin. p. 97. Park. 

Theatr. 855. 2. 
Dentaria sive Dentellaria Rondcletii s. Molybdama Plinii. 

Lob. ic. 321. / 1. Bauh. Hist. 2. p. 941. 
Plumbago quorundam. Clus. Hisp. 434. fig. opt. Clus. 

Hist. 2. 124. 
Plumbago s. Dentellaria. Raj. Hist. 394. 
Tripolium Dioscoridis. Col. Ecphr. 1. p. 160. t. 16 L. 
Plumbago Plinii. Ger. emac. 1254. cum fig. Clusii. Moris. 

Hist. 3. s. 15. p. 599. t. 1. f.2. 

The genus Plumbago has a wide range, most of the species 
being natives of the East Indies ; one of which occurs also in 
New Holland, as well within the tropics as in the neighbour- 

hood of Port Jackson. One species is found in South America; 
one or two at the Cape of Good Hope : and our present plant 
in the South of Europe and the North of Africa. 

It has its name from being- considered as the Plumbago of 
Pliny, so called by him for its use in curing a disease in the 
eye, which he calls Plumbum. Though some derive the name 
from the effects of the root in staining the skin of a black 
colour if held close in the palm of the hand ; an effect which 
Columna observes he has himself experienced from it. 

It is possessed of very considerable acrimony, and, on 
account of this quality, has been frequently used for the 
tooth-ache ; from whence its names of Dentellaria and Den- 
taria. But for this purpose it is not only recommended to be 
applied to the tooth, but by some it is bruised and applied to 
the wrist, where it excites such a painful inflammation that 
the pain in the tooth is no longer attended to. The leaves 
boiled in oil are recommended in some cutaneous diseases, 
and Desfontaines observes that the Arabs make an ointment 
with this plant, salt, and oil, with which they cure the itch 
and ring-worm. 

An herbaceous perennial, scarcely hardy enough to bear 
the severity of our winters without protection. Cultivated 
by Mr. John Gerard in J 596, but is rarely seen in our 
gardens. Communicated by Alexander M c Leay, Esq. from 
his collection at Tilbuster Lodge, Godstone, Surrv. 


( 2140 ) 

Erica propendens. Pendent-flowered 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. 4-phylIus. Cor. persistens : limbo 4-fido. Anthera 
ante anthesin per foramina duo lateralia connexae. Caps. 
4 — 8-locularis, 4 — 8-valvis. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Sect. 5. Breviflorce. D. Corollas cylindrical vel superne 

Erica propendens ; floribus terminalibus, bracteis a calyce 
remotis, antheris muficis, foliolis calycinis ovatis. Hort. 
Kew. ed. alt. 2. p. 397. 

Erica propendens. Andrews's Heaths, vol. 2. Lodd. Bot. 
Cab. v.l. t. 63. 

A very beautiful heath, which seldom exceeds a foot in 
height, and is generally covered with a profusion of flowers 
in the spring months. It rarely matures its seed with us, but 
is readily propagated by cuttings. Communicated by Messrs. 
Loddiges and Sons. 

( 2141 ) 

^t^HHHMi •$ $. ft ♦ ♦♦ ♦♦♦'Mr 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 
Stigma latere inferiore tranversim barbatum. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Vicia tenuifolia ; pedunculis multifloris folio duplo longiori 
bus, floribus imbricatis, foliolis Hnearibus glabriusculis 
trinerviis, stipulis superioribus simplicissimis, legumi- 
nibus compressis hexaspermis. Wahlenberg Flor. 
Carpat. p. 227. 

Vicia tenuifolia ; pedunculis multifloris folio longioribus, 
floribus imbricatis, foliolis Hnearibus glabriusculis triner- 
viis, stipulis Hnearibus integerrimis. Willd. Sp. PI. S. 
p. 1099. 

Vicia tenuifolia ; pedunculis multifloris, floribus imbricatis, 
foliolis Hnearibus trinerviis acuminatis, stipulis Hnearibus 
integris, caule erecto ilexuoso. Roth Germ. /. 309. //. 
183. Hoffm. Germ. 256. Fl. taur. cauc. 2. p. 1.59. 

Vicia Gerardi. Willd. Prodr. n. 736. 

Descr. Stem zig-zag, silicate, scarcely pubescent. Leaf- 
lets 16—22, generally reflexed, linear, with a small mucro, 
obscurely 3-nerved, villous underneath, with silky hairs closely 
adpressed to the leaf. Stipules two, linear, quite entire, re- 
curved. Peduncles axillary, striate, twice the length of the leaf. 
Flowers larger than those of Vicia Cracca, redder purple, 
crowded, looking one way, on short pedicles. Legumen 
somewhat curved, flattened, smooth, cernuous., seeded about 


This species is sufficiently distinct from Vicia Cracca, but 
we have not the means of ascertaining whether it be really 
different from villosa and polyphylla. 

Native of the sandy hills of Germany, Hungary, and 
Tauria. Flowers in May and June. Communicated by Mr. 
Jenkins, from his Botanic Garden in the New Road, where 
it was introduced by Mr. Hunneman. 


.?"* iy 5 Soiis W~ubcirT/-X Jmm-A , ifixt, 

( 2142 ) 

Carthamus lanatus. Wooly Carthamus, 
or Yellow Distaff-Thistle. 

$ ♦»»<!♦ ♦ ♦ f » » * f M ♦♦ ♦ # 

CZass awd Order. 
Syngenesia Polygamia /EqUALIS. 

Generic Character. 

Receptaculum paleaceo-setaceum. C«Z. ovatus imbricatus : 
squamis apice subovato-foliaceis. Pappus paleaceo-pilosus s. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Carthamus lanatus ; caule lanuginoso, foliis inferioribus 
pinnatifidis dentatis : summis amplexicaulibus pinnati- 
fido-dentatis spinosis. Willd. Sp. PL 3. p. 1707. Hort 
Km. ed. alt. 4. p. 491. Persoon Syn. 2. p. 380. 
Schkuhr Handb. 3. p 61. t. 233. 

Carthamus lanatus ; caule piloso : superne lanato, tolns 
inferioribus pinnatifidis : summis amplexicaulibus den- 
tatis. Hort.Ups. 251. Sp. PL 1163. Villars Dauph. 

3. p. 36. . . . 

Atractylis foliis cartilagineis, reticulata, lmis semipmnatis, 

ovato-lanceolatis, amplexicaulibus. Hall. Hist n. \J£. 
Atractylis Fusus agrestis. Gartn. Sem. 2. p. 381. t. 101. 
Atractylis. Bauh pin. 379. 1. Dod. pempt. 736. Carrier. 

Epit. 561. fig. opt. Hall. Hist. n. 192. R"jHf- 

304. 4. Park. Theatr. 963. 1. Lob. icon. 2. t. id. J. I- 
Atractylis Theopbrasti et Dioscoridis, sangumeo succo. 

Col. Ecphr. 1. p. 19. t. 23. 
Atractylis vera. Bauh. Hist. 3. part. 1. p. 85. fig. pessima. 
Centaurea lanata. Lam. % Dec. Fl. Franc 4. p. 102. 

This plant is supposed, with considerable probability, to be 
the Atractylis of the ancient writers, and was said by them 
to have been used formerly by the country women to make 
their distaffs for holding the wool in spinning. Fabils 

Column a, 

Columna, who has taken great, pains to prove the identity of 
this plant with the one so calied by Dioscorides, Theo- 
phrastus., and Pliny, with more probability attributes the 
name rather to its similarity to a distaff loaded with wool 
ready for spinning, than to its being actually used as such. 
Gartner, who does not consider it to belong to the genus 
Carthamus, retains the name of Atractylis. 

Either this plant varies much with respect to its woolliness, 
or Carthamus creticus has been very generally confounded 
with it. In our specimens received from Mr. Lambert's col- 
lection at Boyton, the pubescence was so long as to hang 
pendent from the heads and upper part of the stalk, not 
unaptly resembling a distaff with wool. 

Native of the South of Europe. A hardy annual. Culti- 
vated by Mr. John Gerard in 1596. 


( 2143 ) 

Azalea calendulacea. #. flammea. 
Flame-coloured Azalea. 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. campanulata. Stam. receptaculo inserta. Caps. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Azalea calendulacea ; (subnudiflora) foliis oblongo-ovalibus 
ciliatis : adultis hirsutis, corolhe tubo lacinns breviore 
piloso subviscido, calyce villoso. Bot. Mag. 1/21. Ubi 
petantur synonyma. 

(«.) flammea ; floribus flammeo-calendulaceis. 

Azalea calendulacea. (*.) Bot. Reg. 145. 

(|3.) crocea ; floribus croceis. Bot. Mug I. c. 

The leaves are smooth, except the mar-ins and along the 
nerves, where they are ciliated. The pedicles calyxes, and 
tube of the corolla, are covered with glandular hairs some- 
what clammy: limb five-cleft, the upper lacima larger and 
more recurved than the rest. Stamens and style declined, 
longer than the corolla. . ., 

This is a very beautiful flowering shrub, varying consider- 
ably in colour (according to Bartram its first discoverer,) 
from a pale cream colour to the most perfect scarlet or flame 
colour ; and all this variety of shades is, he says, sometimes 
seen upon different branches of the same plant. Y> e nave 
however never observed the same shrub in cultivation to bear 
flowers of various colours, except the diversity of shades occa- 
sioned by different degrees of perfection. 

It is considered as a hardy shrub, but being a native of 
Florida and Georgia, will succeed best if protected in the 
Spring, when the weather is cold, by being placed in the 
greenhouse. Communicated by Mr. Thompson of Mile 
End, the worthy successor of the late celebrated Mr. James 
Gordon, whose Nursery was one of the first that rose to 
botanical celebrity in this country. 

5 ^ 

^yjjk ^ 


-Put iy.S. Curtis. WmJarortk. 


( 2144 ) 

Mesembryanthemum tricolor. Purple- 
eyed Fig Marygold. 


Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-fidus. Petala numerosa, Iinearia, basi cohaerentia. 
Caps, carnosa, infera, polysperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Mesembryanthemum tricolor ; subcaulescens, foliis punctatis 
lineari-spathulatis connatis subtus convexis supra sulco 
exaratis. Willd. Enum. 530. 

Mesembryanthemum tricolor ; foliis amplexicaulibus dis- 
tinctis punctatis lineari-spathulatis subtus convexis 
superne sulco exaratis, caule brevissimo herbaceo. 
Willd. Hort. Berol. v. I. p. 22. t. 22. 
Obs. Species a tricoloro Haworthii omnino distincta. 

A pretty little annual species altogether different from the 
tricolorum of Haworth and Aiton. It is easily propagated 

y se ^ds, which it produces freely ; these should be. sown in 
the spring on a hot bed, and treated as the ice plant and other 
annual species. 

J he first account we have of this plant is in Willdenow's 
tortus Berolinensis. It is supposed to be a native of the Cape 
Ch i° 0( * ^°P e " Communicated by Mr. Anderson from the 
J-nelsea Garden, who received the seeds from Mr. Otto, of 

he Royal Garden in Berlin. Mr. Anderson informs us that 
w^ G are two varieties of tms species cultivated at Kew, one 
w "n paler and the other with deeper coloured flowers. 

( 2145 ) 

Phyteuma stricta. Slender Rampion. 

♦ M» * M < * !♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ 

Class and Order. 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. rotata, 5-partita, laciniis linearibus. Stigma 2 — s. 
3-fidum. Caps. 2— s. 3-locularis infera. 

Specific Character. 

Phyteuma stricta ; foliis radicalibus lineari-spathulatis subin- 
tegerrimis : caulinis conduplicatis, floribus semiverti- 
ciliatis : verticiJlis trifloris alternis. 

Descr. Radical leaves linear-spathulate, petiolate, intire 
with a few minute denticulations on the margin : caulinc 
similar, gradually smaller, folded inwards. Stem straight, 
simple, slender. Flowers in a long spike, growing by threes, 
in alternate clusters or half- whorls. The middle flower in 
each cluster expands nearly at the same time, and when these 
fade, the two side flowers expand together, so that the whole 
spike has open blossoms at the same time from bottom to top, 
at first one in each cluster, afterwards two. Calycine seg- 
ments subulate. Lacinice of the corolla linear, spreading, 
the two uppermost approaching one another. Stamens 
of short duration. Style the length of the corolla : stigma 
bent club-shaped, finally two or three-cleft. Germen S- or 
3-celled, with many ovula. 

Tins appears to us to be an undescribed species. We 
received it under the name of virgata, but it in no respect 
agrees with the description and figure of that species in 
Labillardiere's icones Plantarum Syria?. In habit it ap- 
proaches very near to Phyteuma campanuloides (vide No. 
1015) but its foliage is quite different, and the flowers are of a 
paler blue. 

Native country uncertain. 

Communicated in July 1819 by Mr. Jenkins, from his 
Botanical Garden in the New Road, who received it from 
Mr. Hunneman. 



Jfl ( 

r tr^ 


( 2146 ) 


Class and Order. 
Tetrandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 
Cor. l-petala, infundibuliformis. Sem. 2, globosa. 
Specific Character. 

Asperula arcadiensis ; hispidula, foliis senis oblongo-ovatis 
acutis margine revolutis, caulibus decumbentibus, floribus 
sessilibus terminalibus aggregates axillaribusque. 

Descr. Stems angular, hispid, decumbent, branched, 
cespitose. Leaves oblong-ovate, acute, with revolute margins, 
hairy, six in a whorl. Flowers rose-coloured, sessile, in ter- 
minal clusters and axillary. Tube of the corolla longer than 
the leaf ; limb four-cleft, revolute. Anthers 4, on short fila- 
ments, inserted in the faux, alternating with the laciniae. 
Style longer than the tube of the corolla, divided toward the 
tip into two filiform unequal segments. Stigmas globular. 

This lively little alpine plant was discovered by Mr. Haw- 
kins on Mount Tyria in Arcadia, and was first raised in this 
country at Spring Grove from seeds sent by him, together 
with specimens, to Sir Joseph Banks, Bart. Communicated 
to us by Mr. Joseph Knight of the Exotic Nursery, King's 
Road, in May 1819. 

( 2147 ) 

Oxytropis Lamberti. Lambert's 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Carina in mucronem superne desinens. Legumen biiocu- 
lare aut sub-biloculare, sutura inferiore introilexS. 

Specific Character and Sj/nony?ns. 

Oxytropis Lamberti; acaulis, sericeo-pilosa, foliolis lanceo- 
lato-ellipticis utrinque acutis, scapis folia requantibus, 
spicis capitatis, bracteis Iinearibus longitudine calycis. 
Pursh Ft. Amer. Sept. 2. p. 740. 

Oxytropis Lambertii ; cespitosa, acaulis., foliolis numerosis 
lineari-lanceolatis strigosis remotiuscuiis, scapo foliis 
longiore., spica oblonga, bracteis lanceolatis calyce sericeo 
brevioribus. Nuttall Gen. plant, amer. 2. p. 98. ex 

Oxytropis was separated from the overgrown genus of 
Astragalus by the celebrated botanist Decandolle, in his 
monograph of the allied genera. According to Nuttall this 
is the only species of the genus that has been found in 
America, the argentata of Pursh, belonging to Astragalus, 
as now limited, and being quite different from the argentata 
of Pallas's Herbarium. 

Native of the woodless hills of the Missouri, from the river 
Plata to the mountains. 

It is a tolerably hardy perennial, and a beautiful plant 
»'hen in flower, which happens in May and June. It is at 
present very rare, as we do not know that it is living in any 
collection but that of our friend Mr. Lambert at Boyton, to 
whose kindness we are indebted for the flowering specimen 
*wm which our drawing was taken in May 1819. 

Mr. Lambert first raised it from seeds gathered by Mr. 
Nuttall on their native soil. 








iW> 'by ■ S. Curtis ■ HtJbn vrUi-.May . - 

^ • S 

( 2148 ) 

Bignonia Chamberlaynii. Chamberlayne's 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cat. 5-fidus, cyathiformis. Cor. fauce campanulata, 5-fida. 
*ubtus ventricosa. Siliqua bilocularis. Sem. membranaceo- 

Specific Character. 

Bignonia Chamberlaynii; foliis conjugatis cirrhosistema- 
tisque, foliolis ovatis acuminatis, racemis axillaribus 
subsexfloris : pediccllis brachials. 

Obs. Bignonia cequinoctiali valde affinis. 

Descr. Stem twining. Leaves conjugate, with a strong 
tendril at the end of the common footstalk : leaflets ovate- 
acuminate, quite entire, smooth, shining on the upper sur- 
face, paler underneath. The Cirrhus is frequently wanting, 
and sometimes the place of it is supplied by a third leaflet. 
Partial footstalks very divaricate, sulcate, and furnished on 
one side at the upper extremity with a row of glandular warts. 
Peduncle axillary, bearing a raceme of several flowers on 
pedicles generally opposite, divaricate and ccrnuous. Calyx 
c up-shaped, with entire margins, marked with five obsolete 
teeth. Corolla large, bright yellow. Tube contracted above 
*ne calyx : faux ventricose : limb spreading, divided into five, 
nG mty ec l ua '» rounded lobes subbilabiately arranged. 

This species is very nearly related to Bignonia aquinoe- 
tialis, but differs from it in having a raceme of many flower?, 
an ^ leaves frequently ternate. 

Native of Brazil, from whence it was sent to Mr. Lee of 
hammersmith, by the Consul-General, Mr. Chamberlaynk, 

a gentleman 

a gentleman who has always been a zealous promoter of the 
comforts of such naturalists as have gone thither from this 


We were favoured with specimens of this plant at the same 
time from Mr. Lee of Hammersmith, whose name we have 
adopted, and from Messrs. Barr and Brooke of Balis Pond. 
To the latter we were also indebted for the fine specimen of 
Griffin's Amaryllis, No. SI 13, which we omitted mentioning 
at the time. 


( 2149 ) 
Erica concava. Concave Heath. 

<Mt» M ♦♦♦♦ ♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ »$» 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. 4-phyllus. Cor. persistens: limbo 4-fido. Antkene 
ante anthesin per foramina duo lateralia connexae. Caps. 
4 — 8-locularis, 4 — 8-valvis. 

Specific Character and Synonym, 

VI. Parviflorae. D. Antkera muticee. Folia linearia. 

Erica concava ; foliis ternis glabris, ramulis teraatis, corollas 

limbo concavo, antheris exsertis. 
Erica concava. Lodd. Cab. 134. 

Obs. Fragranii affinis, diversa caule erecto, non decli- 
nato, ramulis ternatis ; corollae limbo patente, concavo, nee 

We find no account of this pretty little Heath rarely 
exceeding a foot in height, except in the Botanical Cabinet, 
where it is said to have been introduced about the year 1808. 

Native of the Cape of Good Hope. In many points resem- 
bles very much Erica fragrans, but js more erect, less 
branched, and the branchlets are short, growing by threes. 
The limb of the corolla is concave, spreading, and not rolled 
back as in fragrans. Nor could we perceive that it was 
endowed with any scent. 

Flowers in April and May. Communicated by Messrs. 
a^oddiges and Sons. 


( 2150 ) 

Glycirrhiza lepidota. Silky-leaved 

f < Mi $ fr ♦♦ ♦ ♦ ♦♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ i ♦ ♦ 

C7«ss am/ Order. 


Generic Character. 
Cal. bilabiatus -f. Legumen ovatum., compressum. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Glycirrhiza lepidota ; foliolis oblongo-Ianceolatis acutis 
Btng-osiS; spicis axillaribus, leguminibus oblongis poly- 
■pertnis echinatis : setis uncinatis. ex Nuttall Gen. 
Plant, amer. 2. p. 106. 

Glycirrhiza lepidota ; foliolis oblongis acutis sericeo-villosis, 
leguminibus racemosis oblongis hispidis. Pursh Fl. am. 
Sept. 2. p. 480. 

Liquiritia lepidota. Fraser's Catal. 1813. 

We are informed by Mr. Nuttall that this plant was first 
discovered by Mr. John Bradbury in the environs of St. Louis, 
where it grows abundantly (as it does also on the alluvial 
banks of the Missouri to the mountains); and that it is, in all 
probability, the Liquorice mentioned by Sir A. Mackenzie, 
as indigenous to the coasts of the North Pacific Ocean ; the 
foots being flagell form, very long, and possessing in no 
incogs ilerabie degree the taste of liquorice. A hardy peren- 
nial. Flowers in July and August. Communicated by our 
friend Aylmer B. Lambert, Esq. from his collection at 
Boy ton. 

( 2151 ) 

Convolvulus pentanthus. Jacquin's East 
India Bind-Weed. 


Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. campanulata, plicata. Stigmata 2. Caps. 2-locularis : 
loculis dispermis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Convolvulus pentanthus ; volubilis, fruticcsus, foliis cordatis 
acuminatis, cymis axillaribus pedunculatis subquinque- 
floris, corollis rotatis undulatis. 

Convolvulus pentanthus ; caule volubili fruticoso, foliis 
oblongo-cordatis acuminatis subrepandis glabris, pedun- 
culis umbellatim subquinquefloris, floribus subsessilibus, 
calycibus ciliatis. J acq. collect. 4. p. 210. Icon. rar. 
2. p. 10. t. 316. Bot. Reg. 439. 

Convolvulus pentanthus. Willd. Sp. PI. 1. p. 855. Poirct 
Suppl. Encycl. Bot. 

Our drawing of this lively Convolvulus was taken several 
years ago by the late Mr. Sydenham Edwards, at Mr. 
Salisbury's Botanic Garden at Brompton, where it flowered 
in the stove through the whole of the winter. From that 
time we have never met with this plant in any collection till 
last winter, when it flowered in Mr. Kent's stove at Clapton. 
It belongs to that tribe of the genus which may be distin- 
guished by the greater size of the two outer segments of 
the calyx, resembling bractes, or an involucrum, and in- 
closing the inner segments with the tube of the corolla. 
To this tribe the Convolvulus Turpethum (No. 2093.), 
with several East-Indian species, belongs ; and the Hon. 


Wm. Herbert has observed that these plants have this pecu- 
liarity, that the flowers, when they fade, close by the sides 
flattening together, and do not twist up, or curl from the 
margins inwards. 

Native of the East Indies. Introduced by Mr. William 
Salisbury about the year 1808. 

3?icb Jhf. S- Cuj~tic,7We*iwO'yih. , 2G&p, r. 


( 2152 ) 

^4r#» ♦♦»»♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Hermaph. Cal. 3-partitus. Cor. 3-petala. Stam, 6. Pisl. 3. 

Drupa 3, 1-spermae. 
Masc. Cal. 3 partitus. Cor. 3-petala. Stam 6. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Cham*:rops humilis; frondibus palmatis : stipitibus spinous, 
spatha simplici. fVUld. Sp. PL 4. p. 1154. HorL 
Kew. ed. alt. v. 5. p. 489. Bot. Repos. 599. 

Cham^erops humilis ; frondibus palmatis plicatis, stipitibus 
spinosis. Ilort. Cliff. 482. Sp. PL 16.37. Desfont. 
AM. 2. p. 487. Fabric. Helm. p. 383. Persoon Syn. 

Cham^riphes. Dod. Pempt 820. Gtertn. Sem. 1. p. iO. 

t 9. f. 4 
Cham^eriphes tricarpos, spinosa, folio flabelliformi. Ponted. 

Anth. p. 147. t. 8, 9, and 10. 
Palm a minor seu Chamaeriphes. Bauh. Hist. I. p. Jby. 
Phoenix humilis. Cavan. Ic. 2. p. 12. U ilk 

According to Willdenow there are two varieties of this 
plant ; one almost without any stem, the other with a stem 
twenty feet high. . 

The plant from which our drawing was taken was a male 
plant, having no germen or style, and consequently sterile : 
the one described by Fabricius appears to have been an 
hermaphrodite, but the anthers were perhaps imperfect ; lor 
though it annually bore fruit, these were not succulent, and 
none of the seed, though planted from year to year, would 

germinate. . . 

Native of the South of Europe, and is particularly plen- 
tiful in some parts of Sicily and Spain, where it spreads over 
1 the 

the uncultivated sandy tracts,, just as the common Fern does 
with us. Requires the protection of the Greenhouse or 
Conservatory, where it flowers in February and March. 
Communicated by Messrs. Malcolm from their extensive 
collection at Kensington. 


( 2153 ) 

Thymus alpinus. Alpine Thyme. 

♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ lu j i fr fr» »M* »#♦*♦ t 

C/ass awd Order. 


Generic Character. 

Calycis 2-labiati faux villis clausa. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Thymus alpinus ; verticillis sub-sexfioris, calycibus glabrius- 
culis., foliis subrotundis serrulatis, corollis extus hirsutis. 

Thymus alpinus ; verticillis sexfloris., foliis subrotundis ob- 
tusiusculis concavis serratis, corollis inflatis. Willd. Sp. 
PI. 3. p. 142. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 3. p. 415. 

Thymus alpinus; verticillis sexfloris, foliis obtusiusculis con- 
cavis subserratis. Sp. PL 826. Jacq. Austr. 1. p. 60. 
t. 97. Scop. Cam. n. 734. Lam. et D. Flor. franc. 3. 
p. 562. Villars Dauph. 2. p. 356. 

Clinopodium foliis ovatis acutis serratis, flore folio majori. 
Hall. Helv. n. 238. 

Acynos alpinus ; multicaulis ? verticillis sexfloris., foliis ob- 
tusiusculis subrotundis concavis subserratis. Pcrsoon 
Syn. 2. p. 131. 

Acinos alpinus. Meench Meth. 407. 

Thymus montanus. Crantz Austr. p. 278. 

Clinopodium montanum. Bauh. Pin. 225. Bocc. Mus. 
p. 50. t. 45— austriacum. Clus. Pann. 623. Par/:. 
Theatr. 21. 

Acini pulchra species. Bauh. Hist. 3. p. 260. 

Thymus alpinus has a very near affinity with T. Acinos 
from which it appears to be best distinguished, by the calyx 
being less gibbous at the lower part and less contracted at the 
mouth, the angles are also more obsolete and the whole calyx 
Is very little hairy except that the teeth are ciliated ; it is 


generally also more or less tinged with a purple colour; the 
corolla is twice larger than in Acinos and is hairy on the 
outside, which in the latter is smooth. 

Thymus patavinus of J acquin is supposed by De Candolle, 
in the last edition of the Flore francoisc, not to be different 
from alpinus ; but this appears to us to be very doubtful. 

Native of the Alps of southern Europe. Flowers from June 
to September. Communicated by our friend Alexander 
Mc. Leay, Esq. from his collection at Tilbuster Lodge near 
Codstone in Surry. 


'....■ . 

( 2154 ) 

Glycirrhiza echinata. Prickly-headed 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 
Cat. 2-labiatus y. Legumen ovatum compressum. 
Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Glycirrhiza echinata ; leguminibus echinatis, floribus capi- 

tatis, stipulis lanceolatis, foliolis glabris oblongis mucro- 

natis. Willd. Sp. PL 3. p. 1 143. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 4. 

p. 328. 
Glycirrhiza echinata; leguminibus echinatis, foliis stipulatis, 

foliolo impari sessili. Hort. Ups. 230. Sp. PL 1046. 

Richard 3. p. 489. Persoon Syn. 2. p. 313. Jacq. 

Hort. Vind. 1. p. 41. L 95. Gcertn. Sem. 2. p. 319. 

t 148. /. 6. 
Glycirrhiza capite echinato. Bauh. Pin. 352. 
Glycirrhiza echinata Dioscoridis. Lob. ic. 2. p. 85. Raj. 

Hist. 914. Bauh. Hist. 2. p. 327. Bod. Pempt. 341. 
Pseudo-glycirrhiza. Riv.jl. irreg. tetrap. t. 3. 
Dulcis radix. Camer. Epit. 428. 

Glycirrhiza echinata is distinguished from glabra or the 
common Liquorice by the flowers growing in globular or 
°val, compact heads, as well as by the prickly seed vessels. 

Native of Italy, and was formerly used in medicine, but has 
been in great measure superseded by the common liquorice, 
which affords a sweeter juice. A hardy herbaceous peren- 
nial. Flowers from June to September. Communicated by 
•* • B. Lambert, Esq. from his seat at Boyton. 

( 2155 ) 
Phlox carnea. Flesh-coloured Phlox. 

Class and Order. 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. hypocrateriformis. Filam. inaequalia. Stigma trifi- 
dum. Cal. prismaticus. Caps. 3-locularis, 1-sperma. 

Specific Character. 

Phlox carnea ; caule erecto tereti, foliis lanceolatis glabris 
semiamplexicaulibus, calyce marginato, tubo corollas 
bis limbo longiore. 

Descr. Stem erect, two or three feet high, rounded, 
smooth, except here and there a narrow scabrous line. Leaves 
lanceolate, spreading- horizontally, distant. Flowers in a lax 
terminal corymb, pale rose colour streaked with a deeper red, 
sweet scented. Calcine teeth nearly the length of the tube, 
subulate with a white membranaceous margin, the colour of 
which is extended along the whole calyx in stripes. Tube of 
the Corolla somewhat incurved, nearly twice the length of 
Hie limb : lacinice wedge-shaped, very obtuse, one of them 
irequently deficient. 

It seems to have a near affinity with Phlox suaveolens, and 
as that species is said by Nuttall never to have been found 
wild in America, it may possibly have been the offspring 
of this. 

A hardy perennial. Native of North America. Flowers 
in August and September. Our drawing was taken from a 
specimen communicated by N. S. Hodson, Esq. of Bury 
bt. Edmunds, who purchased it at Fraser's Sale. A spe- 
cimen of the same plant was communicated two or three 
years ago by Mr. John Fraser, as a new species lately 
imported from America. 



( 2156 ) 
Acacia linearis. Linear-leaved Acacia. 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Hermaph. Cal. 5-dentatus. Cor. 5-fida. vel. 5-petala. 
Stam. 4 — 100. Put. I. Legumen 2-valve. 

Masc. Cal. 5-dentatus. Cor. 5-fida. s. 5-petala. Stam 

Sect, foliis simplicibus. 
Specific Character. 

Acacia linearis ; foliis linearibus striatis Iongissimis spicis 
axillaribus subverticillatim interrupts, petalis revolutis, 
staminibus corollam superantibus 

Acacia taxifolia. Lodd. Catal. 1820. p. 13. 

The leaves of this plant vary very much in length in 
different specimens, they are often six inches long, and not 
unfrequently considerably longer. Except in the greater 
length of the leaves, it has some resemblance to Acacia 
linifolia, but is at once distinguished from that species by 
flowers being sessile on the peduncles, making a true spike 
instead of a raceme. 

Acacia taxifolia of Willdenow is the Mimosa stellata of 
Loxjreiro, a Chinese plant, with ternate, verticillate leaves, 
and only four stamens. 

A greenhouse shrub. Native of New Holland. Flowers 
in March, April, and May. Our drawing was taken from a 
specimen communicated from Messrs Malcolm's Nursery at 
Kensington Gore ; we received specimens also from Mr. Lee 
of the Hammersmith Nursery, Messrs. Loddiges and Sons, 
and the Honourable William Herbert of Spofforth. 



( 2157 ) 

Digitalis obscura. Willow-leaved 

-fr frfr ij C t # # )JC » » jMnMHt-fr-fr 

C'/css and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-partitus. Cor. campanulata, 4 — 5-loba, ventricosa.' 
Caps, ovata, bilocularis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Digitalis obscura; foliis lineari-lanceolatis integerrimis 
glabris basi adnatis. Linn. Mant. 418. Jacq. Vind. 1. 
p. 40. t. 91. 

Digitalis obscura ; foliolis calycinis oblongc-lanceolatis 
acutis, corollse labio superiore bifido; inferioris lobis 
lateralibus acutis; medio ovato, foliis lanceolato-linearibus 
acuminatis integerrimis glabris. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 4. 
p 30. 

Digitalis hispanica angustifolia, flore nigricante. Tourn. 
inst. 166. Bocc. Mus.p. 136. t 98. 

Descr. Stem woody, suffruticose. Leaves linear-lance- 
olate, quite entire, smooth, adhering to the stem at the base. 
Flowers in a terminal raceme, nodding. Bractes lanceolate, 
shorter than peduncle. Calycine leaflets oblong-oval, spread- 
ing. Tube of Corolla very short : faux long, cylindrical, 
somewhat flattened : Upper-lip short, 2-lobed, recurved : 
lower-lip 3-lobed, the middle lobe ovate, twice longer and 
more obtuse than the lateral, yellow, beautifully veined with 
red on the inside. 

We believe that this is the only species of this genus which 
has such very narrow leaves, the Linnean character seems 
therefore quite sufficient to distinguish it from every other. 
Is esteemed as a hardy perennial, the stem though woody 
not being permanent ; but being a native of Spain is liable 
to be killed by the severity of our winters. Flowers in July 
and August. Our drawing was taken many years ago, from 
a plant in Mr. Curtis's Hotauic garden at Brompton. 



( 2158 ) 


*y ♦ » $ » » » »» ■» * i ♦ » ♦ »♦*•» 

C&zss amZ Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. longitudine Leguminis. Stam. diadelpha. Legwmen 
monospermum, subrostratum, evalve. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Psoralea aculeata ; foliis teraatis : foliolis cuneiformibus 

recurvato-mucronatis, floribus axillaribus solitariis ap- 

proximatis. Hort. Kew. ed. 1™' 3. p. 79. — ed. alt. 4\ 

p. 375. Willd. Sp. PL 3. p. 1343. 
Psoralea aculeata ; foliis ternatis : foliolis cuneiformibus re- 

curvo-mucronatis, capitulis terminalibus. Sp. PL 1074 ? 

Per soon Syn. 2. p. 346 f 
Psoralea aculeata ; foliis ternatis minimis confertissimis re- 

curvatis in spinulam desinentibus. Bot. Repos. 146. 
Genista-Spa rtium africanum trifolium, floribus cceruleis, 

foliis minimis in spinulam recurvam desinentibus. 

Raj. Dendr. 104. 

That the pretty shrub we have here represented, is the 
Psoralea aculeata of the Hortus Kewensis admits of no 
coubt ; but it is not quite so certain that it is the same species 
as the one so named by Linn^us; on which subject it is 
very evident that Persoon entertained a doubt, by his having 
quoted the figure in the Botanist's repository with a no(e of 
interrogation. This difficulty is not occasioned merely by 
the inflorescence being described in the Species PJantarum as 
a terminal capitulum, instead of being solitary and axillary ; 
for the approximation of the flowers towards the extremities 
of the branches often gives the appearance of a capitulum, 
specially in dried specimens, to which only Liw 


probably had access ; but a4so by his having quoted a figure 
of Plurenet which in no respect resembles our plant. This 
synonym is u .vvever excluded in the 14th edition of the 
Systema Vegetabilium. It is extraordinary however that in 
Lamarck's Illustrations of the genera, is given a figure very 
like to, and probably taken from, that of Plukenet, under 
the name of Psora lea aculeata, which is also quoted as a 
synonym by Persoon ; so that it is no wonder that he doubted 
if the figure in the Botanist's repository could be the same 

A remarkable character in this species not noticed by any 
auttfor that we have observed, is that the Stipules persist 
after the leaves fall, and become pungent. 

A greenhouse shrub ; native of the Cape of Good-Hope ; 
introduced in 1774 by Mr. Francis Masson ; flowers in June, 
July and August. Communicated by Messrs. Loddiges and 
Sons in August 1813. 



( 2159 ) 
Gnaphalium arenarium. Sand Everlasting. 


Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Recept. nudum. Pappus pilosus s. plumosus. Cal. im~ 
bricatus, squamis marginalibus rotundatis, scariosi9, coloratis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Gnaphalium arenarium, herbaceum, foliis incanis tomentosis 

obtusis : radicalibus spathulato-lanceolatis : caulinis line- 

ari-lanceolatis, corymbo composito. Willd. Sp. PL 3. 

p. 1867. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 5. p 14. 
Gnaphalium arenarium ; herbaceum, foliis lanceolatis : infe- 

rioribus obtusis,, corymbo composito, caule simplicissirao. 

Sp. PL 1195. Gmel. Sib. 2. p. 107 ? Fl Taur.-Cauc.2. 

7>.298? Pollich.Pal.n.783. FL Dan. t. 641. Knipk. 

Cent. 2. n. 27. 
Gnaphalium olympicum. Lodd. Catal. 
Elychrysum arenarium. Lam. et. Dec. Fl. franc. 4. p. 132. 
Elichrison sive stoechas citrina latifolia. Bauh. Pin. 264. 
Stcechas citrina germanica latiore folio. Bauh. Hist. 3. 

pars I. p. 153. bene. Raj. Hist. 281. 
Chrysocome sive Amaranthus luteus. Ger. Emac. 656. 

Some of the synonyms applied by authors to this species 
probably belong to Gnaphalium Stcechas ; the Chrysocome 
prima vulgaris of Clusius, which certainly belongs to the 
latter, is quoted in the Flora taurico-caucasica as a synonym 
of arenarium ; which throws some doubt on the Siberian as 
well as Caucasian species. This plant has frequently occurred 
in our nurseries under the name of Gnaphalium olympicum, 
hut appears to be in no respect different from arenarium. 


The leaves are cottony and whiter than represented in our 
drawing, which was executed by Mr. Sydenham Edwards, 
several years ago, from a plant communicated by Messrs. 
Loddiges and Sons. Native of Germany and the South of 
France. A hardy herbaceous perennial. Flowers in July, 
August and September. 


( 2160 ) 
Digitalis minor. Dwarf Spanish Fox-glove. 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-partitus. Cor. companulata, 4 — 5-loba, rentricosa. 
Caps, ovata, 2-locularis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Digitalis minor; foliolis calycinis lanceolatis patentibus, 
corollis obtusis : labio superiore bilobo : inferioris lobo 
medio apice latiore laterales parum superantc. Hort. 
Kew. ed. alt. 4. p. 28. 

Digitalis minor ; corollis obtusis : labio superiore subbilobo, 
foliis Iambus. Lin. Mant. 567. Willd. Sp. PI. S. t. 284. 

Digitalis hispanica purpurea minor. Tourn. inst. 165. 

Thig species differs from Digitalis Thapsi, to which it is 
the most nearly allied, in its smaller stature ; in having smooth 
undulated leaves, the upper ones quite entire ; in its floral 
leaves being" larger, generally exceeding the peduncle in 
length ; in a larger, more spreading calyx, in the upper lip 
of the corolla being more or less two-lobed, and in the middle 
lobe of the lower lip being very little longer than the lateral 

Digitalis minor is a rare plant, and we believe no figure 
of it has ever been before published. Native of Spain. In- 
troduced in 1789 by Mr John Hunneman. Our drawing 
was taken several years ago at the garden of the late 
Mr. Woodford at VauyhalJ. 


( 2161 ) 

Erythrina Crista Galli. CockVComb 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Col. 2-labiatus \. Cor. vexillum longissimum, lanceolatum. 
Lcgumen torulosum. 

Speciftc Character and Synonyms. 

Erythrina Crista galli ; foliis ternatis, petiolis rabaculeatis 
glandulosis, caulearboreo incrmi. Lin. Mant.99. Willd. 
Sp. PL 3. p. 916. Smith Exot. Bot. 2. p. 69. t. 93. 
Bot. Reg. 313. 8p.Pl.ed. ReichardS. p. 396. Persoon 
Syn. 2. p. 279. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 4. p. 252. 

Erythrina laurifolia. J acq. Obs. 3. p. 1. t. 51. 

We are indebted to the Honourable William Herbert for 
the fine specimen of this plant, from which our drawing was 
taken. This Gentleman remarks " that it must have been 
an error to imagine this shrub to be a timber tree in Brasil, 
where it has probably been confounded with some other 
species. The flowering branches (he observes) die back 
like those of the Tree-Peony ; and although it acquires a 
woody stem, it does not rise with a continued leader, but the 
eyes nearest the root break stronger than those higher up the 
stem". Indeed it appears to us not altogether certain that 
this is the Erythrina Crista-galli of Linnaeus. It agrees in 
most respects with the E. laurifolia of Jacquin, which has 
always been considered as a synonym of, but which the late 
Mr. Jonas Dryander suspected to be different from Crista 
galli. The figure in Exotic Botany differs from the one here 


given, in having elliptical obtuse pointed leaves, and strong 
crooked prickles, but probably belongs to the same species ; 
that in the Botanical Register was done from the same plant 
as our's, but in a season when it flowered less favourably. 

The flowers grow by threes in the axils of the leaves on the 
young branches, and also in a terminal raceme of about nine 

Sir James E. Smith observes that its monopetalous keel, 
diadelphous stamens, and form of the stigma, do not properly 
belong to the genus Erythrina ; neither does the vexillum 
greatly exceed the keel in length. 

Native of Brasil. Flowers from March to November. 
Requires a good deal of water, and Mr. Herbert lays moss 
about the roots. 

Introduced in 1771 by Francis Bearsly, Esq. 


( 2162 ) 
Galanthus plicatus. Clusius's Snowdrop 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Petala 3, concava. Nectarium ex petalis 8, parvis, emar- 
ginatis. Stigma simplex. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Galanthus plicatus ; foliis Ianceolatis margine plicatis. 
Galanthus plicatus ; foliis plicatis : plica utriiique margini 

parallela; spathapedunculum superante. Marsch.aBieb. 

Fl. Cauc. Suppl. p. 225. 
Galanthus nivalis ; Pallas Flor. Ind. taur. 
Leucojum bulbosum prsecox byzantinum. Clus. Pann. 183. 

Ejusdem Hist. 1. p. 169. Bauh. Hist. 2. p. 591. Ger. 

emac. 127. Raj. Hist. 1114. 
Leucojum bulbosum trifolium majus. Bauh. pin. 56. 
Leucojum bulbosum secundum. Tabern. Kraeuterb. p. 1005. 
Narcissoleucojum trifolium majus. Tourn. Inst. p. 3S7. 

The older Botanists, as may be seen by the above synonyms, 
generally considered the Snowdrop as consisting of two species ; 
but the larger one which is not a native of the western parts of 
Europe, has, by modern botanists, been generally overlooked. 
Our friend Dr. F. Fischer having cultivated both kinds in 
the Gorenki garden, found them to be really distinct ; and 
Marschall a Bieberstein in the supplement to his excellent 
Flora Taurico-caucasica, has established our present species 
under the name of Galanthus plicatus, so called from the 
singular folding of the leaf along each margin ; by which it 
is at once distinguished from Galanthus nivalis, than which 
it is altogether a stouter plant, having the outer petals nearly 
twice the size. 


The first mention we find of this plant is by Clusius in his 
Historia rariorum stirpium Pannonice, where he observes 
that a single bulb was received from Constantinople by 
Madame de Heysentein, along with a quantity of Narcissuses. 
He remarks that the flower was equally fragrant with the 
blossoms of Leucojum vernum, and in his opinion more 
agreeable; afterwards in his General History he added a cut of 
this species, which is repeated in Gerard. There is a better 
figure in the German edition of Tabernasmontanus, in which 
the spathe is represented as much longer than the peduncle ; 
one of the characters given by Marschall a Bieberstein, 
which however does not appear to be constant. 

Native of Caucasus. Communicated by Mr. Anderson 
from the Chelsea Garden, who received it from Mr. Otto of 
the Royal garden, at Berlin, under the name of Galanthus 
Clmii. Mr. Griffin, we are informed, received bulbs of 
this plant from Constantinople. 

Lobel in his adversaria has recorded another species with 
a blue flower which was gathered in Albania on his return 
from Constantinople by Mr. J. Somer * the most eminent 
botanist of his time at Marburgh in Germany ; but nothing 
seems to have been since known of it ; nor indeed is it clear 
why Lobel referred Somer's plant to this genus rather than 
to Lucojuin. 

D. J. Somerus hujus studii jucundi apud Mattiacos coryphaeus. 


( 2163 ) 


$r % % » | » $ » » fl fr ♦»»»» . » 

C/ffss g«J Order. 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. campanulata, lacero-multifida. Caps. 1-locularis, apiee 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Soldanella Clnsii ; foliis circinato-cordatis undulatis crenu- 
latis, corolla; laciniis alternatim trifidis simplicibusque, 
stylo corolla Iongiore. 

Soldanella alpina. u, Willd. Sp. PL 1. p. 808. Per soon 

%«, i. p. no. 

Soldanella alpina ; floribus nutanlibus : laciniis dentatis, 

stylo corollam excedente, foliis rcniformibus subiobatis. 

Schmidt Fl. Boim, Cent. 2. n. 147. 
Soldanella alpina major. Clus. Hist. 1. p. 308. Ger. emac. 

p. 838. Park, Theatr. 168. / 2. 
Soldanella alpina. Chi*. Pann. 354. Cam. Epit. 204. 
Soldanella alpina rotundifolia major. Moris. Hist. 3. p. 585. 

§. S. i. 15. / 8. 

Descr. Leaves orbicular -cordate, undulate, somewhat 
crenate, minutely dotted on both sides, pale underneath, 
fleshy. Scape rounded, minutely villous, upright. Flowers 
*n a terminal umbel, from three to six, on long-, cernuous, 
purplish pedicles. Calyx inferior, five cleft : leaflets linear, 
obtuse, of the same dull purple colour as the pedicles. Corolla 
blue, bell shaped, of one petal, deeply divided into ten lacinite, 
five of which are three-toothed, and alternate with five simple 
j*r undivided one*. Stamens five, fertile, alternating with 
five sterile filaments: anthers yellow, connivent, 2-lobed : 


lohvs a little divaricate at the base, terminated with a blur* 
mucronate appendix : stjle longer than the Corolla. The 
base of the umbel is surrounded with an involucrum consisting 
of as many linear leaves as there are flowers. 

Sold an ella Clusii differs from alpina (Bot. Mag. No. 49 J 
not only in its larger size, but in the form of the leaves which 
are more orbicular, surrounding the extremity of the petiole, 
and are distantly crenated; in the lacinise of the corolla, which 
in alpina are all of them linear; in the greater length of the 
style, which is longer than the corolla. Professor Schmidt in 
his Flora Boemica has well established the characters of the 
two species, and retained the name of alpina to our present 
subject, and applied that of S. Clusii to our alpina ; but as 
the latter name has been applied to the other species both by 
Jacquin and in the Botanical Magazine, we think it will be 
less likely to occasion confusion to give the name of Solda- 
nella Clusii to the present plant, an additional reason for 
which is, that this is the one first described and figured by 

We were favoured with this beautiful little plant by 
Messrs. Whitley, Brames, and Milne, in April last. It is 
hardy, but, like many other alpine plants, requires some 
protection from frost, to supply the absence of snow, its 
natural covering during the severe weather, in its native 
climate, the Austrian and Styrian Alps. It is sometimes found 
with white flowers. 

( 2164 ) 

Magnolia glauca. y. major. Thomsons 
New Swamp Magnolia. 

CYass crad Order. 


Generic Character. 

C«/. 3-phyllus. Petala 9. CapsuUs 2 valves, imbricate. 
Spot, baccuta, pendula. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Magnolia glauca ; foliis cllipticis obtusis sublus glaucis, 

pctalis obovatis. WilUL Sp. PL 2. p. J 256. Hort. 

Km. cd. alt. 3. p. 329. Pursh Flor. Amer. Sept. 

p. 381. 
Magnolia glauca ; foliis ovato-oblongis subtus glaucis. Sp. 

PL 755. Wangenh. Amer. GO. t. 19. / 46. 
(•0 lalijolia ; foliis deciduis. Hort. Kew. I c. 
Magnolia lauri folio subtus albicante. DHL Eltk. 207. 

t. 168. / 205. Catesb. Car. 1. t. 39. Trew Ehrct. 

select, t. 9. 
Tulipifera virginianalaurinis foliis aversa parte rore ceruleo 

tinctis. Pink. aim. 319. t. 68. / 4. 
QB.) longifolia ; foliis perennantibus. i/orf. /ve«?. Z. c. 
Magnolia glauca. j3. longifolia; foliis perennantibus ellip- 

ticis utrinque acutis. ; Pursh Fl. Amer. Sept. p. 381. 
(y.) c?2tf/or, foliis lentioribus floribusque novempetalis pluries 

majoribus. Heic n. 2164. 

The present variety of this charming tree, with delightfully 
fragrant flowers, was raised from seeds of Magnolia glauca, 
Bated in 1808, by Mr. Thomson, in his Nursery at Mile End; 
who informs us, that it is quite hardy, not being affected by 
Everest winters ; and grows freely in a mixture of bog- 
earth and loam. It flowers abundantly in June and July, 
perfuming- the surrounding air for a considerable distance. 

The leaves are deciduous, and approach in size to those of 
Magnolia tripetala; some of them on the younger plants 
measure ten inches in length and five in breadth at the widest 
part; but on the flowering branches, the largest are not more 
than eight inches long and three and a half broad : they are 
of a shining green on the upper surface and glaucous under- 
neath, rather obovate than elliptical, a very little acuminate, 
and narrowed towards the base ; and are more supple than in 
variety «. The flowers are three times the size of the common 
glauca, of a cream colour, changing as they fade, to a 
rusty yellow. 

The three calycine petal-formed leaflets, which are nar- 
rower, less hollowed, and less fleshy and brittle than the 
petals, are of a greenish white colour, and change to a rusty 
brown ; they do not fall off as the flower opens, as is usually 
the case in glauca, but fall back, giving the flower a resem- 
blance to that of M. tripetala. The corolla consists of 
nine petals in three ranks, each rank diminishing in size. 

It has been a question among cultivators, how far exotic 
trees of warmer regions may be naturalized to our climate by 
propagating them from seeds ripened here. It has even beeii 
supposed that, by a repetition of this process, the tenderest 
plants may in time become hardy. On the other hand it has 
been asserted, that such plants, when raised from seeds pro- 
duced here, have less vigour, and are less able to bear the 
severity of our climate, than imported plants, or those raised 
from imported seeds. The present case, as far as one 
experiment can go, favours the first opinion ; but then it is 
to be remembered that Pensylvania, the native countrvof 
aiagnolia glauca, is subject to much severer cold than Great 
«ritam ; and the reason that the young shoots of North 
American trees are frequently killed by our frosts appears to 
be, that our summers are not sufficiently warm to harden the 
vvood. But if plants raised from seeds ripened here can 
bring their wood to sufficient maturity, in the moderate heat 
ot our summers, to resist the winter frosts, which those raised 
from foreign seeds cannot, the advantage gained amounts to 
the same. Mr. Thomson observes that the voung shoots of 
his new variety are never injured by our frosts ; which, with 
tiie treer growth and greater vigour of the plants, seem to 
shew an acquired habitude of climate. 


( 2165 ) 
Erica rubella. Thrift-flowered Heath. 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Col. 4-phylIus. Cor. persistcns: limbo 4-fido. Antherce 
ante anthesin per foramina duo lateralia connexae. Caps. 
4 — 8-locularis, 4 — 8-valvis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Sect. IV. Calycinae. C. Antherae muticae. 

Erica rubella ; foliis oppositis imbricatis adpressis, umbellis 
terminalibus multifloris, bracteis calyci proximis, limbo 
corollas revoluto. 

Erica rubella. Lodd. Catalogue for 1820. p. 18. 

Descr. Stem erect, branched : branches slender but 
straight. Leaves opposite, imbricate, smooth, lanceolate, 
somewhat concave on the upper, keeled with a slight furrow 
on the under side. Flowers in a terminal many-flowered 
umbel, of a lively red, fading whitish. Bractes 2, close to 
the calyx, coloured. Calycine leaflets exceeding the tube of 
the corolla, lanceolate, dilated above the middle and acute. 
Corolla urceolate : limb revolute. Stamens and stigma in- 
cluded. Anthers naked, bifid at the point. 

Approaches nearest to E. corifolia of Hortus Kewensis, but 
in Dryander's excellent arrangement of the species, falls into 
a different subdivision from the anthers being naked. In 
many points it approaches to oppositifolia of Andrews, 
(E. tenuifolia of Hort. Kew.) but differs in the strictness of 
its branches, in its many -flowered umbel and shorter 


We received this very pretty Heath from Messrs. Loddiges 
and Sons in June 1816, under the name which we have 
adopted. It is very delicate, and though still alive, has never 
flowered at Hackney since the year above mentioned. 

Native of the Cape of Good-Hope. 

js- '■■-'• v*s * 

( 2166 ) 

Acacia longifolia, /3. Thick spiked Loxg- 
leaved Acacia. 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Hermaphr. Cal. 5-dentatus. Cor. 5~fida, seu a-petala. 
Stam. 4 — 100. Pisi. 1 . Legumen bivalve. 

Masc. Cal. 5-dentatus. Cor. 5-fida, s. 5-petala. Stani. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Acacia longifolia ; inermis, foliis lineari-lanceolatis untrinque 
angustatis trinerviis striatis, spicis axillaribus geminatis 
cylindraceis. Willd. Sp. PL 4. p. 1052. Hort. Kew. 
ed. alt 5. p. 461. 

(*.) foliis apice elongatis, spicis exacte cylindraceis : Bot. 
Mag. supra, n. 1827. ubi pete synonima. 

(13.) foliis latioribus, spicis cylindraceo-conicis axillaribus ter- 
minalibusque. Heic. 2. t. 2. 166. 

In this genus different species frequently approach so near 
to each other, that it is often difficult to determine whether 
they are really distinct or mere varieties. The leaves of our 
present plant are broader, less attenuated at the point, and 
somewhat firmer than the variety before figured ; and the 
spikes are thicker, more pointed, more crowded with flosculcs, 
and grow closer together. A tree of this sort makes a much 
handsomer appearance. 

Flowers in March and continues a good while in blossom. 
Native of New South Wales ; and is a hardy greenhouse 

( 2167 ) 
Anemone alba. White Anemone, 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 
Cat. 0. Petala 5 — 9. Sem. plura. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Anemone alba ; (anemonoides) foliis subquinque partitis : 
lobis apice inciso-dentatis : involucralibus conformibus 
petiolatis, flore pentapetalo. 

Anemone alba ; caule simplici subunifloro, foliis subquinque 
-partitis : lobis apice sinuato-dentatis, involucro triphyllo 
conformi. Juss. in ann. du Mus. 3. p. 249. t. 20. Jig. 1 
(erroref. 2. in textu.) Persoon Syn. 2. p. 97. 

Anemone alba ; foliis ternatjm quinatimve sectis, segmentis 
apice inciso-dentatis, involucralibus petiolatis conformi- 
bus, pedicello solitario, sepalis quinque obovatis, fructi- 
bus hirsutissimis. Decand. Syst. Veg. 1. p. 208. 

Anemone ochotensis. Fisch. Hort. Gor. 47. 

We understand that the seeds from which our plant was 
produced were sent by Dr. P. Fischer from the Gorenki 
Garden under the name of Anemone ochotensis. But we 
have no hesitation in referring- it to the Anemone alba of 
Jussieu above quoted. Our specimen had four involucre! 
leaves, situate very low down on the stem, but the ngure in 
the Annates du Museum of Jussieu's plant is represented ajd 
described as having- only three, higher up, but perhaps the 
additional bud, growing from the involucrum, may be a 
conversion of one leaf into a flower, or the fourth leaf in our 
plant may have been supernumerary. The flower is at first 

white, but turns purplish with age ; has only five round con- 
cave petals, which, if the number of petals were constant, 
would at once separate it from A. sylvestris, of which Jussieu 
suspects it may be only a variety. 

Native of the steppes of Daouria where it was collected 
by the mineralogist M. Patrin. 

A hardy perennial. Flowers in April. Communicated by 
Mr. Anderson from the Chelsea Garden. 

Puh.hjS /..^r.!.,,,-;: 

( 2168 ) 
Acacia lini folia. Flax-leaved Acacia. 

♦ < Mt ♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦ ♦ K ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ <► 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Hermaphr. Cal. 5-dentatus. Cor. 5-fida, vel 5-petala. 
8ta??i 4 — 100. Pist. 1. Legion. 2-valve. 

Masc. Cal. 5-dentatus. Cor. 5-fida, 1. 5-petala. Sta?n. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Acacia linifolia ; inermis, foliis linearibus basi attenuate 
strictis mucronatis, spicis globosis pedunculatis race- 
mosis, racemis folia subasquantibus. Willd. Sp. PL 4. 
p. 1051. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 5. ;>. 461. 

Mimosa linifolia ; foliis confertis linearibus, racemis axilla- 
ribus paniculatis Iongitudine foliorum. Pers. Syn. 2. 
p. 261. Vent. Hort. Cels. p. 2. t. 2. Bot. Repos. 394. 

Mimosa linearis. Wendl. Hort. Herrenh. p. 8. t. 18. 

The Acacia linifolia is an ornamental shrub from the 
delicacy of its branches and foliage. It has a good deal of 
similarity with Acacia linearis (No. 2156,) but it is at once 
distinguished not only by the shortness of the leaves, but by 
the globular heads of flowers being always supported on short 
pedicles, whereas in linearis they are sessile on the main 
flower-stalk. Its flowers, which very generally appear in the 
winter time, are sweet scented. 

Propagated by seeds ; but, not without difficulty, if at all, 
by cuttings. Our drawing was taken from a specimen com- 
municated by the Honourable William Herbert of Spofforth, 
1T * January last. 

( 2169 ) 
Kennedia ovata. Oval-leaved Kennedy. 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Vexillum recurvum, a carina non reflexum, Legumen 
.v^Uiloculare, polyspermum. Semina strophiolata. 

Specific Character. 

Kennedia ovata foliis simplicibus ovatis, racemis axillaribus 

Except in the Nursery of Messrs. Barr and Brooke, by 
whom it was kindly communicated to us, we have not observed 
this plant in any collections about town, nor have we found 
that it has been any where described. The flower resembles 
that of Kennedia monophylla of Hortus Kewensis, the Gly- 
cine bimaculata of this work (No. 263) ; and like that it has 
simple leaves, but of quite a different form, being broad -ovale, 
somewhat acuminate, and terminated with a small mucro. 
The veins run parallel from the midrib towards the margin 
with anastomosing- branches. The stem did not appear to 
climb in our plant, which was young and not very vigorous ; 
but in a more advanced state it probably may. We are 
informed that it was raised from seeds imported from New 


( 2170 ) 

Ipomgea atrosanguinea. Puce-coloured 


1 1 » » |i fr i » $ i I ifr » ♦ ♦ | #-#-& 

C/ass and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. infundibuliformis. Stigma capitato-globosum. Caps. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Ipomosa atrosanguinea; caule fruticoso erecto, foliis ellip- 
ticis subtus sericeis, pedunculis axillaribus solitariis 
unifloris, fauce cylindrica limbo longiore. 

Convolvulus cuneiformis. Buchanan's Drawings of Mysore 
Plants, in the collection of Mr. Fletcher, of Lime 
Grove, Putney. 

Descr. Stem shrubby, erect. Leaves elliptical, some- 
times obovate with a small mucro, and now and then emargi- 
uate, silky on the under, and dark green with a few scat- 
tered hairs, on the upper side, alternate, supported on short 
footstalks. Peduncles axillary, solitary, one-flowered, with 
two minute bractes about the middle. Calyx small, of five 
oval, imbricated, closely adpressed leaflets. Corolla of a 
dark blood colour, funnel-shaped ; tube contracted, longer 
than the calyx, a little above which it is suddenly dilated into 
a cylindrical faux, twice the length of the limb, which is 
spreading, obsoletely 5-lobed, somewhat recurved at the 
margin. Stamens unequal, shorter than the tube : anthers 
oval, cells bursting laterally, a little divaricate at the base : 
pollen globular, white : style about the length of the stamens : 
stigma 2-lobed : lobes roundish, tuberculated : germen one- 
celled, with four ovula completely filling the cavity. 


Communicated by our friend Robert Barclay, Esq. of 
Bury Hill, who raised it from seeds sent from the Mauritius. 
We are not aware that this plant has been any where 
described. But we found a representation of the same species 
in a collection of drawings of Mysore plants, copied from 
Dr. Buchanan's, with the name of Convolvulus cuneiformis 
affixed to it, perhaps by mistake, as we could discover no 
wedge-shaped leaves either in that drawing or in Mr. Bar- 
clay's specimen. 

We have before expressed our dissatisfaction in regard to 
the characters applied to distinguish the genera of Convol- 
vulus and Ipomoza ; and have been induced to apply the 
latter name to our present subject more from the form of the 
corolla so much resembling that of Ipomosa insigniSj, than 
from that of the stigma. 


( 2171 ) 

Ranunculus nodiflorus, /3. Sicilian 

Knot-flowered Crowfoot. 
$ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦♦ ♦ ♦♦♦♦» ♦♦ ♦ 

Cla$s and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cat. 5-phyllus. Petala 5, intra ungues poro mellifero. 
•S'em. nuda. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Ranunculus nodiflorus; floribus oppositifoliis demum ape- 

talis, fructibus sessilibus, foliis ovatis apice dentatis 

longissime petiolatis. 
Ranunculus nodiflorus; foliis radicalibus petiolatis ovah- 

oblongis, floribus sessilibus oppositifoliis, carpelhs gra- 

nulato-tuberculosis stylo vix rostellatis. Be Cand. Syst. 

Veget. 1. jo. 250. 
Ranunculus nodiflorus; foliis ovatis petiolatis, floribus 

sessilibus. Sp. PL 773. Willd. Sp. PL 2. p. 1308. 

Persoon Syn. 2. p. 102. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 3. p. 3b4. 

De 4. p. 903. 
'*.) parvus, foliis integerrimis. 
Ranunculus parisiensis pumilus plantaginellae folio. Pet. 

Gaz. 40. t. 35./ 4. Vaill. Act. Acad. 1719. p. 52. L 4. 
03.) foliis apice dentatis trinerviis. 
Ranunculus siculus, folio subrotundo vix serrato. Pet. Uaz. 

39 i 24 f. 9. 
Ranunculus nodiflorus. Waldst. et Kit. Hung. 2. p. 192. 

t. 176. 

There is a very good representation of our plant in 

Petiver's Gazophylacium, which De Candolle quotes as 

his variety (3 of nodiflorus ; for variety * he quotes another 

J J figure 

figure or the same author, which represents a smaller plant 
with quite entire narrow-lanceolate leaves ; but whether these 
are mere varieties or rather to be considered as distinct 
species, we do not undertake to determine The figure in 
the Plants Rariores Hungarian belongs to our variety Our 
drawing- was taken at an early period, at which time the flowers 
are much larger than later in the season, when the petals be- 
come indistinct and afterwards entirely wanting. The flowers 
appear at first to be pedunculated and terminal, but the pe- 
duncle is elongated into a branch and the fruit becomes sessile; 
or the branches are repeatedly bifurcated, one arm of the 
fork being very short and bearing a flower, the other arm 
prolonged, to be again and again divided in the same manner. 
So that De Candolle observes the flowers, though they 
appear lateral, are, in reality terminal, as in every other species 
of Ranunculus. 

Native of Sicily and Hungary. Communicated by Mr. 
Anderson from the Chelsea Garden. 


( 2172 ) 

Satyrium coriifolium. Leathery-leaved 

M* » ♦ » » » jt » $$ ft ftftft | 

CZass c«^ Order. 


Generic Character. 

Petala 5 antica, basi connata. Labellum posticum, forni- 
<atum, basi bicalcaratum v. bisaccatum. Anther a resupinata. 
Stigma bilabiatum. Brown in Hort. Keic. v. 5. p. 196. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Satyrium coriifolium ; foliis ovatis vaginantibus margine 
cartilagineis scabris basi maculatis, floribus cernuis, 
bracteis retrofractis. 

Satyrium coriifolium ; foliis ovatis acuminatis subreflexis 
vaginantibus coriaceis, margine membranaceo-crenatis 
floribus galeaque cernuis. Willd. Sp. PL 4. p. 54 
Saartz Act. Holm. 1800. p. 216. Idem in Konig 
Tracts on Botany, p. 140. 

Satyrium cucullatum. Lodd. Cab. 104. non aliorum. 

Diplectrum coriifolium. Persoon Syn. 2. p. 509. Poircl 
Diet. Bot. Suppl. 2. p. 489. 

Orchis lutea caule purpureo maculato. Buxb. Cent. 3. p. ?. 
t. 10. 

Descr. Leaves oval, sheathing, 7 — 9-nerved, with a 
rough cartilaginous margin : the two lowermost ones very 
small, closely embracing the stem; the third the largest of 
all ; the fourth and fifth decreasing in size ; the sixth, seventh, 
and eighth, like the two lowermost, closely adpressed to the 
stem their whole length ; all of them spotted with small purple 
dots at the base. Bractes one beneath each flower, ovate- 
lanceolate, bent suddenly back as if broken. Flowers in a 
s pike, ringent, yellow, nodding. Galea or Helmet (Labellum. 


of Brown) orange-coloured, terminated behind in two spurs, 
rather shorter than the germen ; border slightly 3-lobed, middle 
lobe recurved at the point, lateral ones dependent. Petals 5, 
oblong, nearly equal, connate at the base ; two lateral ones 
spreading like wings, the other three all dependent, the pos- 
terior one almost concealed by the two anterior. Germen 
somewhat curved, not at all twisted, plain at the back part 
and marked with five angles in front. In most of the orchidect 
the twisting of the germen occasions the labellum (nectarium 
of Linnjsus) to become anterior, but this part in the genus 
Satyrium having no twist, the labellum remains posterior, 
but is, nevertheless, as pointed out by Brown, the true 
labellum, as is proved by its relative situation with respect to 
the column and seminal receptacles. Column slender, bowed, 
with a bilabiate termination : upper lip emarginate : lower- 
lip 3-toothed, bearing a mucilaginous mass, to the under 
surface of which the processes of the pollen-masses are 
inserted. Pollen-masses 2-Iobed, in distinct egg-shaped 
cells. When the pollen-masses are drawn out of the .cells, 
their processes bring away attached to their points the above 
mentioned mucilaginous substance. 

The outline figures represent a back view of the corolla, a 
front and side views of the column and anthers. 

■ This very rare and beautiful Satyrium is a native of the 
Cape of Good Hope ; and was communicated by Messrs. 
Barr and Brooke, from their very interesting collection at 
Newington Green. Flowers in May. Thrives well in a 
mixture of pest and loam. 

IS \..~ 

( 2173 ) 

solanum lanceolatum. lance-leaved 

Class and Order. 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character, 

Cor. rotata. Anthera subcoalitse, apice poro gemino de- 
hiscentes. Bacca bilocularis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Solanum lanceolatum; caule fruticoso basi aculeato, foliis 
lanceolatis integerrimis, stellatim pubescentibus, subtus 
tomentosis, corymbis subterminalibus nutantibus. 

Solanum lanceolatum ; caule sparse spinoso tomentoso, foliis 
lanceolatis integerrimis subtus tomentosis, panicula ter~ 
minali. Cav. ic. 3 p. 23. t. 245. 

Solanum lanceolatum ; caule fruticoso, tomentoso, basi 
aculeato ; foliis lanceolatis, longis, integris, subtus 
tomentosis ; racemis subterminalibus. Dunal Solan, 
p. 200. Poir. Enei/cl. Bot. Suppl. 3. p. 110. 

Solanum lanceolatum; caule fruticoso tomentoso aculeate, 
foliis angusto-lanceolatis integerrimis subtus tomentosis 
inermibus, panicula terminali. fVilld. Sp. PL 1. p. 1047. 
Persoon. Syn. 1. p. 229. excluso synonymo Ortega?. 

Pseudo-capsicum lancifolium. Mdnch Suppl. Meth. p. 180. 
Excluso synonnymo. Linnaei, 

We have only seen a flowering branch of this plant, which 
was kindly communicated to us by A. B. Lambert, Esq. from 
"is collection at Boyton. In this there was no appearance of 
Prickles ; but the stem is described to be prickly at the base 


The corymb owing to the prolongation of the branch, from 
terminal becomes lateral. The leaves have a stillated pubes- 
cence on the upper side, and are tomentose on the under. 
The berries are said to be globular, the size of a pea, and of 
an orange-yellow colour. 

This is probably the first time this plant has flowered in 
this country, nor has any coloured figure of it been before 

Native of Mexico. Blossoms in May. Requires the pro- 
tection of the Greenhouse. 


( 2174 ) 
Bellis annua. Lesser Daisy. 

Class and Order. 
Syngenesia Polygamia superflua. 

Generic Character. 

Receptaculum nudum, conicum. Pappus 0. Cat. heimV 
phaericus : squamis aequalibus. Sem. obovata. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Bellis annua ; caule subfolioso. Sp. PI. 121. ed. Willd. 3. 

p. 21, 22. Hart. Kew. ed. alt. 5. p. 86. Persoon 

Syn. 2. p. 460. 
Bellis minima pratensis, caule folioso. Bocc. Mus. 2. p. 96. 

t. 35. 
Bellis-Leucanthemum annuum italicum. Mick. Gen. 34. 
Bellis maritima, foliis Agerati. Bauh. Pin. 261. Prodr. 121. 
Bellis minor. Cam. Epit. 655. quoad iconem. 
Bellis annua. De 4. p. 186. 

M. De Candolle, in the last edition of the Flore Francaise, 
makes four varieties of this species ; two stemless, the one 
villous, the other smooth ; and two caulescent, the one 
branched and leafy (to which Micheli's figure, added by 
mistake to the first variety, should have been applied) the other 
creeping. The branched leafy variety, Bellis ramosa of 
Lamarck, may perhaps be a distinct species ; but the other 
three appear to belong to this ; which, at least in a cultivated 
state, Mr. Anderson observes, has, by no means, an annual 
root, but lives two or three years, the stem becoming in the 
second year more branched, and woody, at the lower part, 
the peduncles shorter and the flowers smaller and more 
coloured. We have given two figures of this species, the 
one on the left hand representing the plant in its first year 
from seed ; that on the right in its second year. 

M. Viviani 

M. Viviani united this plant with Bellium beUidioides 
observing that its seeds, like those of the latter were crowned 
with a pappus j but in this he was undoubtedly mistaken the 
seeds or Bellis annua being quite destitute of a pappus 'as is 
confirmed by the observations of Poxret and De Candollk 
(hncycl. Bot. Suppl. v. 4. p. 299J 

Native of the South of France, Italy, Sicily, and Spain 
b lowers in April and May. Communicated by Mr. Anderson 
from the Chelsea Garden. 

( 2175 ) 


♦ M$ $♦♦#♦♦ ♦♦$»♦♦♦♦♦ 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-phyllus. Petala 5. Styli 0. Capsula 2—5, po- 
lyspermae, intus dehiscentes. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

PjEonia Moutan ; caule perenni lignescente, foliolis oblongis 

subtus glaucis villosiusculis : extremo trilobato, capsulis 

[quinis.] Bot. Mag. No. 1154. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 3. 

p. 315. 
(a.) flore simplice, capsulis quinis. 
Peonia papaveracea. Bot. Repos. t. 463. 
(|3.) flore multiplied capsulis plurimis. 
P^onia Moutan. Bot. Mag. 1154. Ubi synonyma petenda. 

This beautiful plant is figured by Mr. Andrews in the 
Botanist's Repository, from the first of the kind imported into 
this country, still in the collection of Sir Abraham Hume, 
Bart, at Wormleybury, and is, we suppose, the origin from 
whence all the individuals in our different collections have 
been derived, through the liberality of its possessor. 

In the Repository it was considered as a distinct species, 
and called papaveracea from the germens, being; as the writer 
says, « attached together and enshrined within a globular 
exterior, resembling a Poppy". But this membranous en- 
velope is by no means peculiar to this variety, or even to the 
species, but it soon bursts and the capsules become distinct. 

We have no hesitation in considering our plant as belonging 
to the same species as all the other known varieties ot the 


Moutan, and being nearly, sometimes quite single, it affords 
the true characters of the species better than the double 
varieties When the flower is quite single, having only five 
petals, we believe the capsules will be found to be constantly 
five m number, disposed in a regular star; but these organs 
are liable to be multiplied, as well as the petals, and in some 
of the double kinds are frequently very numerous. Believing 
the natural number of capsules to be five, we have thought ft 
right to fix that number in our specific character, which we 
had before considered as indeterminate. 

The blossoms in older shrubs are much larger than in our 
drawing, which was taken from a young plant in the first year 
of its flowering, in the collection of William Kent, Esq. at 
Clapton, where it stands in the open ground in front of the 
Conservatory . 


( 2176 ) 

Amygdalus pumila. Double Dwarf 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-fidus, inferus. Petala 5. Drupa mice poris per- 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Amygdalus pumila ; foliis ovato-lanceolatis serrulatis subtus 

venoso-rugosis, pedunculis subaggregatis. 
Amvgdalus pumila ; foliis lanceolatis duplicato-serratis. 

Willd. Sp. PI. 2. p. 983. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 3. p. 195. 
Amygdalus pumila ; foliis venoso rugosis. Lin. Mant. 74. 

Syst. Veget. ed. xiv. p. 462. Sp. PL Reich. 2. p. 482. 
Prunus sinensis; caule erecto, foliis lanceolatis venoso-ru- 

gosis serratis. Persoon Syn. 2. p. 36. 
Persica malus nana flore incarnato pleno. Herm. Lugd. 

p. 487. t. 489 ? 
Amygdalo-Persica nana, flore carneo pleno., africana. Pluk. 

Aim. />. 28. Phyt.t. 11./ 4. 
Prunus japonica. Bot. Reg. 27. an Thunbergii? 

We have no doubt but that this pretty little shrub is the 
Amygdalus pumila of Linnaeus, and was cultivated in our 
gardens in the time of Ray and Plukenet, the latter of 
whom received the flowering' branch which he has figured 
from Lord Colrane. It has been supposed to have been 
introduced about ten years ago by the late Charles Greville, 
ksq. from China, and to be the Prunus japonica of Thun- 
berg ; but though the specific character, given us by the 
Professor is not very inapplicable, yet in his description there 
are several circumstances that incline us very much to doubt 


the identity of these plants ; such as the erect branchlets, 
which in our plant are remarkably spreading, the smoothness 
of the leaves on both sides, in ours rugose underneath, the 
setaceous stipules, which in ours, though narrow, are toothed ; 
the solitary peduncles, which in ours grow more frequently 
two, sometimes three and even four together. It is however 
possible that they may be the same, for the country of which 
Amygdalus pumila is a native, is by no means certain ; 
Persoon attributes it to China, and the African origin given it 
by Linnaeus, is doubtful ; being derived solely from Herman, 
who apparently speaks only from memory ; for although he 
says he found it growing luxuriantly at the Cape, he acknow- 
ledges that he introduced it into the Dutch gardens, from the 
English, in which, on his return to Europe, he found it was 
not uncommon. Herman's figure does not represent our 
plant so well as Plukenet's, as he has represented the 
flowers to be sessile and solitary. 

There is only one specimen of Amygoalus pumila in the 
Banksian Herbarium ; this agrees in every respect with our 
plant, and was taken from Mr. Lee's nurserv in the vear 

Our drawing was made from a specimen communicated by 
Mr. Lee of Hammersmith in May 1819 ; and we have been 
this year favoured by him with the ripe fruit, which very 
much resembles a small red Cherry, and abounds with an 
acid juice, not unpleasant to the taste ; the stone or nut 
however is rugose, like that of the Peach ; and quite different 
from that of the Cherry or Plum. And therefore whilst this 
character is to decide the genus, it must be referred to 
Amygdalus and not to Prunus. It may nevertheless be con- 
sidered as a connecting link between the two, if any limits 
can be found to separate the genera. 

It is remarkable in this species that there are more generally 
two ovaries or germens in each flower, and now and then 
three ; in consequence of which there are sometimes two 
drupes upon one peduncle, but usually one of them aborts ; 
leaving however sufficient rudiments to shew the previous 
existence of two. 


( 2177 ) 

Kaulfussia amelloides. Cape-Aster-like 
Kaulfussia. . 

M »»»♦♦ » ♦ MM ♦♦»♦ ♦♦ 

Class and Order. 

Syngenesia Polygamic Superflua. 

Generic Character. 

Recept. nudum. Pappus sessilis, plumosus : radii nullus, 
Cal. simplex, aequalis. 

Specific Name. 
Kaulfussia amelloides. Esenb. in. Horis phys. Berol. 1. p. 53. 

A native of the Cape of Good-Hope, of very late intro- 
duction into this country, being raised in the present year in the 
Chelsea garden from seeds, received from Mr. Otto Inspector 
of the Royal garden at Berlin. In general aspect it resembles 
very much the Cineraria Amelloides of Linnaeus, Bot. Mag. 
n. 249, which has itself been separated into a distinct genus 
by M. Cassini, under the name of AgatHvEa. From this 
however it differs in having a feathery, not a bristly pappus, 
and none at all to the seeds of the ray. It differs also from 
the Senecillis of Gartner, the Cineraria glauca of Lin- 
naeus, both in the latter character and in the greater length 
of the pappus of the seeds of the disk. 

It appears to be of annual or biennial duration. The florets 
of the ray are of a very brilliant blue colour, difficult to be 
imitated by art. Flowers in June and July. Propagated 
by seeds, which should be sown on a gentle hot-bed in the 
spring, and the young plants planted out in the open border, 
and treated as other tender annuals, early in May. 


WkU£1.S->, v JV. ,-[*.*■ *■ i 

( 2178 ) 

Crassula jasminea. Jasmine-flowered 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Pentagynia. 

Generic Character. 

Ca\. 5-phyllus. Petala 5. Squamce 5 nectarifera? ad basin 
germinb. Caps. 5. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Crassula jasminea ; caule suffruticoso decumbente, foliis 
ovatis cruciatis, capitulo terminali bifloro, unguibus pe- 
talorum superne connatis. 

Crassula jasminiflora. Haworth Mss. 

Descr. Stem herbaceous, decumbent, branched, flowering 
part assurgent. Leaves opposite-crosswise, fleshy, oblong- 
oval, margins cartilaginous-denticulate. Flowers terminal, 
generally two, sessile, not scented. Calj/x 5-cleft : Segments 
erect, acute, and, as well as the leaves, of a dull red colour at tin- 
tips. Tube of the corolla more than an inch long, formed 
by the claws which are united at the upper part, but distinct 
below : Limb spreading, scarcely a third part so long as the 
tube, white, tipped with crimson/ Stamens 5, inclosed within 
the tube. Germens 5, oblong : Style* approximated : Stig- 
mas pu descent. 

Mr. Haworth had given it the name ofjasminiflora ; 
which, not having been published, we have by the advice of 
Sir James Smith altered it to jasminea, as more elegant. 

Native of the Cape of Good-Hope, raised from seeds 
imported from that country, in the Chelsea garden by 
Mr. Anderson. Flowers in\June. Requires the protection 
of the greenhouse in the winter months. 


( 2179 ) 


MMI^fc* »»»* » »»»» 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cat. 2-hb\<itus. %. dentibus superioribus connatis. Vex- 
lUumvix alis longius. Legumen teres, (nunc ana-ulatunO 
articulatum, rectum. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Coronilla minima ; caulibus decumbentibus, foliolis ovatis 
subnovenis, stipulis oppositifoliis bifidis, leguminibus 
(«.) foliolis injimis a caule remotis, stipulis majoribus ca- 

<-oronilla minima; procumbens, foliolis novenis lanceolatis, 
stipulis oppositifoliis emarginafis ; leguminibus angulatis 
nodosis. Sp. PI. 1048. Willd.3. p. \\b\. Hort. Kew. 
ed. alt. 4. p. 332. Jacq. Austr. 3. p. 31)1. t. 271. 
Lotus enneaphyllos. Dalech. Hist. 510. 
Polygalon Cortusi. Bauh. Hist. 2. p. 351. 
(£.) foliolis injimis cauli approximatis, stipulis minutis. 
Goronilea minima. Lin. Mant. 444. Excluso synonymo 
Jacquini. Lam. et. Dec. Fl.fratif. 4. ;;. 606. Gesn. ic. 
lign. t. 15. /: 132. 
'-oronilla minima; procumbens leguminibus angulatis ar- 
ticulatis nodosis, [foliolis infimis cauli adstantibus.] Lin. 
Amcen. Acad. 4. p. 321. 
Coronilla caulibus lignosis procumbentibus, folis oyatis, 
floribus umbellatis, siliquis alatis. Haller Hist. 390, 
Enum. 2. p. 513. 

Perhaps what we have here set down as varieties may in 
reality be distinct species ; but both plants seem to have been 
confounded together by, or at least by Willdenow 

and in the Hortus Kewensis. Variety /5 is smaller ; and its 
stems at the lower part are more woody; but the chief 
difference is that in ft the lowermost leaflets are close to the 
stem, which in « are removed some distance from it; but 
are still remote from the upper pairs. 

Solander in his manuscript preserved in the Banksian 
library, has pointed out these differences, and from him we 
have borrowed the distinguishing characters of the two 

Haller's plant, which Jacquin declares to be different 
from his, belongs to variety /3. 

As the figures of Dalechamp and John Bauhin, both 
represent the lowermost leaflets to be distant from the stem, 
we have referred them to our present plant. 

A hardy perennial. Native of the south of Europe. Flowers 
in May, June, and July. Cultivated in the Oxford garden 
in 1658. Communicated by Mr. Jenkins, from his Botanic 
Garden in the New Road. 


( 2180 ) 
Crinum scabrum. Rough-edged Crinum. 


Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Tubus cylindricus, limbo subaequalis longiorve, emarces- 
cente limbo persistens. Stigma trigonum vix divisum. Ger- 
men 3-loculare. Capsula dissepimentorum destructione 1- 
2-locularis. Sem, magna, saepius difformia, carnosa, viridia. 
Vide supra, No. 2121. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Crinum scabrum ; scapo multifloro, floribus sessilibus, foliis 
longissimis arcuatis lato-loratis margine cartilagineo sca- 
bris basi undulatis. 

Crinum scaberrimum. Hort. Soc. transact. 3. p. 195. Supra 
n. 2121. p. 6. 

Descr. Bulb four inches in diameter, purplish brown • 
bleeds when wounded. Stem crimson at the lower part. 
Leaves bright green, broad-thong-like, channelled, undulate 
towards the base: margin very rough, cartilaginous, two 
inches and a half broad at the widest part, tapering, five feet 
long, at first erect, then arched over till the points fall to 
the ground. Scape rising outside the stem, bright green, 
flattened like a stick of sealing wax, thirteen inches high. 
Spathe from one and a half inch to two inches high, green, 
fading to a yellowish brown. Germen sessile, oval, green 
with a purplish tinge. Tube of the corolla bright green, 
from four to five inches long. Limb glossy, generally cup- 
shaped, but in hot weather expanding very wide, pure white 
with a bright crimson streak along the middle of each lacinia : 
the three outer lacinise terminated with a green hook. Sta- 
mens and style declined, white, tinged with red, the latter 


longer, the former equal in length to the laciniie. Anthers 
straw coloured. Stigma truncate, undivided. Flower Buds, 
yellowish green, striped with crimson, erect at first, nodding 
about twelve hours before they expand, as in Crinum erubes- 
cens and several others ; the green colour disappears as the 
flower opens. Umbel with 6 — 8-flowers, very fragrant. 

Blossoms in May ; likes a strong- heat and plenty of water ; 
but not to stand entirely in water for weeks together. 

The diminished figure represents the whole plant above the 
ground ; in it a second scape just appears nearer the stem • 
and, as the part from whence the scape rises may be variable, 
perhaps the next may come up in the midst of the leaves. 

The original bulb was imported by Messrs. Loddiges and 
Sons from St. Michael's, but supposed to be a native of 
Brazil ; certainly unknown in Calcutta, from letters dated 
December 1818. 

For the above description and drawing we are indebted to 
the Honourable William Herbert of Spofforth. 


In the enumeration of the species, No. 2121, p. 8. Sp. 42. 

Crinu Mjloridanum may be expunged, since it is ascertained 
to be the same as toxicarium, and had probably been natu- 
ralized in the parts from whence it was imported. 

Crinum ornatum. Ibid. p. 7. Sp. 38. Crinuin mauritia- 
num in Loddiges Catalogue is probably the same as Crinum 
ornatum, Carey Mss. but although imported from the Mau- 
ritius, it is not yet ascertained to be a native of that island. It 
has the habit of Crinum americanum, with leaves longer and 
more acute, and white flowers of no great beauty. W. H. 

( 2181 ) 
Erica fragrans. Fragrant Heat*, 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. 4-phyllus. Cor. persistens : limbo 4-fido. Anthem 

ante anthesin per foramina duo Iateralia connexas. Caps. 4 

8-locularis, 4-—8-valvis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 
§ VI. Parviflorae. D. Antherse muticEe. 

Erica fragrans ; foliis oppositis ternisve subulatis glabris, 

corollas limbo revoluto. 
Eric a fragrans; foliis ternis linearibus glabris, corollas limbo 

revoluto. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 2. p. 407. 
Erica fragrans. Andr. Heaths, vol. 2. Lodd. Cab. 288. 

Descr. A low shrub, much branched ; branches declined. 
Leaves opposite or ternate, subulate,, grooved at the back, 
mucronate, smooth. Flowers terminal or lateral, growing by 
pairs, as in our plant ; or by threes as in that of Andrews ; 
fragrant, smelling something like Heliotropium but weaker. 
Peduncles villous, with three red bractes growing near to 
the calyx. Calycine leaflets ovate, concave, red, exceeding 
the campanulate tube of the small corolla, whose limb is rolled 
back. Stamens exserted beyond the tube. Anthers unarmed, 
dark purple, connivent. Germen top-shaped, with eight 
grooves, white. 

Notwithstanding the excellence of the arrangement of this 
genus in the Hortus Kewensis by the late Jonas Dryander, 
Esq. the proper situation of this species is somewhat puzzling ; 
for the exsertion of the anthers may rank it under the first 
section, the macrostemones, in which are to be found several 


with flowers no larger than in this. So likewise the coloured 
calyx, exceeding in size the tube of the corolla, may bring 
it under the fourth primary division, the CalycinjE ; in both 
which places we were led at first to seek it. 

The revolute limb or border of the corolla at once distin- 
guishes this species from concava (No. 2149), to which it is 
in many respects very nearly related. 

Native of the Cape of Good-Hope. Flowers in the Spring. 
Introduced in 1803 by Messrs. Lee and Kennedy. Com- 
municated by Messrs. Loddidges and Sons. 


( 2182 ) 
Arctotis speciosa. Shewy Arctotis. 

Class and Order. 

Syngenesia Polygamia Necessaria. 

Generic Character. 

Recept. setoso-alveolatum. Semina dorso semibiloculari v. 
bisulco. Pappus paleaceus. Cal. imbricatus squamis apicc 
scariosis. Brown in Hort. Kew. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Arctotis speciosa; acaulis, foliis lyrato-pinnatifidis subtus 
incanis triplinerviis, scapis teretibus striatis, squam^ 
calycinis exterioribus linearibus recurvis. 

Arctotis speciosa; flosculis radiantibus fertilibus, foliis pn 
bescentibus subtus tomentosis pinnatifidis dentatis, lobo 
terminali triangulo trinervio, scapo foliis breviore, calycis 
squamis exterioribus reflexis. Willd. Sp. PI. 3. p. 2350. 

Arctotis speciosa; corollulis radiantibus fertilibus, acaulis, 
foliis longe lyratis argute serratis. Jacq. Hort. Schanbr 
2. p. 18. t. 161. 

Arctotis breviscapa ; foliis pinnatifidis dentatis subtus to- 
mentosis, scapis folio brevioribus. Thunb. prodr. \6b! 

Descr. Root perennial or biennial. Leaves all radical : 
some quite entire, others lyrate-pinnatifid, crenate, dentate : 
terminal lobe triplinerved, rough and tomentose on the upper 
and hoary on the under side. Scapes several, rounded, 
streaked, hispid with purplish hairs. Bractes one or two, 
distant, subulate, deciduous. Calyx imbricate ; inner scales 
largest, smooth, scariose, external ones linear, hairy and re- 
curved. Florets of the Ray long, minutely 3-toothcd, 4- 
nerved, orange-coloured on the inner side with a black purple 
spot at the base, and streaked with purplish red on the outer. 


hlorets of the Disk of a black purple colour, relieved by the 
golden pollen. Receptacle honey-combed, bristly. Germens 
bristly at the base and crowned with a chaffy pappus. 

The scapes in our plant were rather longer than the leaves 
It is very like grandiflora of the Kew Catalogue, but not 

Our drawing was taken from a plant communicated by 
Mr. Jenkins of the New Road, who raised it from seeds, 
received from the Cape without a name. Requires to be 
protected from frost. 


( 2183 ) 

llnarta genistifolia, vut. (y) procera. 
Tall Broom-like Toad-Flax. 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-partitus. Cor. basi calcarata : faux palato clausa. 
Caps, ventricosa, 2-locularis, valvata*?. dentata: dissepimento 
membranaceo, medio seminifero. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Linaria genistifolia ; foliis lanceolatis acuminatis, panicula 

virgata flexuosa. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 4. p. 16. 
Antirrhinum genistifolium. Lin. Sp. PL 858. Willd. Sp. 3. 

p. 252. Persoon Syn. 2. p. 158. Fl. taur. cauc. 2. 

p. 74. 
Linaria flore pallido : rictu aureo. Bauh. Pin. 213. 
Linaria pannonica prima. Clus. Pann. 308. — Hist. J. p. 

321. ic. 322. Tabern. Kreaut. p. 1208. 
(|3.) foliis angustioribus linear i-lanccolatis. 
Antirrhinum foliis linearibus adscendentibus, floribusspicatis 

confertis, calcarc flore longiorc. Hall. Hist. n. 337. 
Linaria constantinopolitana Lini sativi folio, flore luteo. 

Buxb. cent. 1. p. 16. t. 25. 
(y.) foliis latioribus glaucis. 

Antirrhinum genistaefolium. Jacq. Austr. v. 3. p. 25. t. 244. 
Linaria Isatidis folio, flore luteo. Amm. Ruth. n. 40. 
Linaria silenifolia. Fischer Cat. Gor. p. 25 ? 

Descr. Stem rounded, quite straight, from two to six feet 
high, divided towards the top into many flexile flowering 
branches, more or less waved from flower to flower, here 
and there divided, but more generally simple. Flowers soli- 
tary, alternate, on short peduncles, pale yellow, smaller than 
those of the common Toad-flax. Calyx five-cleft : segments 


linear-lanceolate ; equal to one another and to the Tube of 
the corolla, which is elongated into a recurved spur, longer 
than the calyx : -upper-lip bifid : laciniae erect, concave : 
lower-lip three-lobed : lobes obtuse, middle one smallest, in- 
truded on the under side to form the Palate, which is orange- 
coloured and bearded. Filaments swoln at the base. Ger- 
men roundish oval, smooth. Style shorter than the stamens, 
curved at the point and turned to one side when the flower 
drops. Stigma capitate. Seeds black, triquetrous with one 
side convex. 

Seeds of our plant have been received both from Dr. Fischer 
and Mr. Otto under the name of Linaria silenifolia, but we 
have no doubt but that it is the same as Jacquin's Antirrhinum 
genistafotium, and probably the other synonyms adduced be- 
long to it ; but if so the leaves of the different varieties must 
be very considerably dissimilar, as Linnaeus states that they 
are altogether like those of Genista tinctoria, with which 
ours have certainly little affinity. 

We have followed Marschall a Bieberstein in making 
three varieties of this species ; of the second however we 
have considerable doubt, whether it should not be applied to 
Linaria linifolia, which seems at present a dubious species. 
We have received a plant from Messrs. Loddiges and Sons 
under the name of Linaria gefiistifolia, which is certainly 
different from our present subject, having linear-lanceolate 
leaves, a straight spur, and flat seeds with a membranaceous 
border like those of the common Toad-flax : this we think 
may probably be Hallers plant. 

To our variety at least, the name of genistifolia is very 
inapplicable, but as Mr. Herbert remarks, in a note accom- 
panying a specimen he sent, that of gcnistoides would be 
appropriate enough, as, when in flower, a tall plant of it has 
a resemblance to a bush of Broom. 

Antirrhinum and Linaria were united by Linnaeus into 
one genus, but modern botanists have again separated them, 
and apparently upon sufficient grounds, the latter having a 
spur to the corolla and a valvular or dentated capsule ; the 
former a corolla only gibbous at the base, and an oblique 
capsule, not valvular, but opening by three holes near the 

A hardy perennial. Native of Siberia and Austria. Our 
drawing was taken from a plant communicated by Mr. Jenmns 
from his botanic garden in the New-Road. It flowers most 
part of the summer. 

( 2184 ) 

Zygophyllum sessili folium, (ol.) Sessile- 
leaved Bean-Caper. 

Class and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-phyllus. Petalab. Nectarium 10-phyllum, germen 
tegens, staminiferum. Caps. 5-locularis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Zygophyllum sessilifolium ; foliis conjugatis sessilibus : fo- 

liolis ovatis, caule fruticoso. 
Zygophyllum sessilifolium. Willd. Sp. PI. 2. p. 563. Hort. 

Kew. ed. alt. 3. p. 41. Pcrsoon Syn. \.p. 463. 
(*.) foliis margine glabris, petalis rotundatis fructit obovatn 

Icevipendulo. Heic. n. 2184. 
Zygophyllum fulvum. Kniph. Cent. 3. f 100? Sp. PL ed. 

I. p. 386? 
(0) petalis rotundatis, fructu oblongo acuto sulcato. 
Fabago flore luteo petalorum unguibus rubris, fructu sulcato 

oblongo acuto. Burm. Afr. p. 6. t. 3. f 1. 
(y.) petalis basi angustatis apice incisis, fructu globoso. 
Fabago capensis frutesceus minor. Dill. Kith. t. 1 1 6.f 142. 
(J.) petalis obcordatis, fructu globoso-depresso. 
Fabago africana arborescens flore sulphureo, fructu rotundo. 

Commel. rar. 10. t. 10. Fructus in descriptione rase i- 

formis, in icone tamen acutus fit. 

The above synonyms being all referred to in Willdenow's 
species plantarum as belonging to the same; we have not 
ventured to separate our plant from them ; but from the 
remarkable difference in the shape of the fruit and of the 
petals, in the figures and descriptions referred to, we have 
divided them into varieties. 


As far as can be determined by such figures., Kniphoff's Z. 
fulvum seems to be the same as ours, but the spinous stipules 
and fruit are wanting. Burman's figure, our |3, is a good 
representation of our plant, as far as regards the flowers, 
leaves and spines, but the fruit is represented and described as 
being sulcate, oblong and very acute. Dillenius's plant y 
has globular fruit much smaller than ours, and oblong petals 
narrowed towards the base and incised at the tip, very like 
our Z. insuave. Commelin's figure, our J 1 , represents the 
petals obcordate and the fruit sharp pointed ; but the latter 
in his description is said to be round and compressed at both 
ends, in the form of a Dutch cheese. 

Our plant has a square fruticose stem ; leaves conjugate 
and sessile : leaflets obovate, mucronate, fleshy, smooth, as 
well at the margins as elsewhere, four weak spine-like stipules, 
sometimes split at the apex, obovate petals, quite entire, but 
corrugate at the tips and spotted with red at the base ; Nec- 
taries ten scales, surrounding the germen and attached to the 
base of the filaments ; Germen globular with five depressions 
at the apex : style erect, acute, persistent ; fruit large, egg- 
shaped, smooth, 5-celIed, pendulous. 

Our drawing was made several years ago at Mr. Lee's at 
Hammersmith, and the same species has been since commu- 
nicated by Mr. Barr of the Northampton Nursery, Newing- 
ton -green. At present we fear it is lost. 

Native of the Cape of Good-Hope. Requires the protection 
of the greenhouse. Flowers all the summer. Cultivated by 
the Duchess of Beaufort in 1713. 

( 2185 ) 

Dracocephalum sibiricum. Siberian 

» » » »»*»♦»»♦ » » ♦ ♦ » » 

C7as# and Order. 


Generic Character. 
Cor. faux inflata, lab. super, concavum. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Dracocephalum sibiricum ; floribus verticillatis, vertieillis 
pedunculatis bifidis secundis, foliis lanceolatis cordatis 
acuminatis serratis glabris. Willd. Sp. PL 3. p. 155. 
Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 3. p. 420. Persoon Syn. 2. p. 133. 

Dracocephalum sibiricum; floribus subverticillatis, pedun- 
culis bifidis secundis, foliis cordato-oblongis acuminatis 
nudis. Sp. PL 830. 

Nepeta corymbis geminis pedunculatis axillaribus, foliis cor- 
dato-oblongis acuminatis serratis. Hort. Ups. p. 164. 

Dracocephalum verticillis pedunculo communi elevatis se- 
cundis. Gmel. Sib. 3. p. 234. t. 51. 

Cataria montana, foliis Veronicae pratensis. Buxb. Cent. 3. 
p. 27. t. 50./. I. 

Dracocephalum sibiricum is a hardy perennial, with large 
handsome flowers, but the scent of the herb is to some persons 
very unpleasant, compared by Willdenow to rancid oil ; but 
Linn/eus in the Hortus Upsaliensis, where he has given a full 
description of this plant, only says it has a strong scent ; for 
our own part we should say it smelt strongly of Mint, with a 
mixture of the scent of Ballota nigra or stinking Horehound. 
Its taste is hot, like peppermint, but at the same time bitterish 
and nauseou' The leaves at the lower part of the stem are 
cordate, but upon the flowering branches are frequently 
rounded at the base. 

Cultivated by Mr. James Gordon in 1760. Flowers from 
June to August. 

J. 4185. 


M.W.f.£u«ii .Wu-l- 

( 2186 ) 



Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-partitus, inaequalis. Cor. 1-Iabiata. Stam. inclusa : 
Antheris l-locularibus. Caps. 2-locularis ; bivalvis, dissepi- 
ment*) contrario. Semina retinaculis subtensa. 

Specific Name and Synonyms. 

Crossandra unduleefolia. Salisb. Parad. Lond. 12. Hort. 

Kew. ed. all. 4. p. 54. 
Ruellia infundibuliformis. Roxb. Mss. Bot. Rrpos. 542. 
J ustici a infundibulij ormis ; spicis axillaribus terminalibusque. 

bracteis imbricatis lanceolatis villosis, foliis lanceolato- 

ovatis quaternis. Vahl. Enum. 1. p. 164. 
Justicia infundibuliformis. Sp. PL 21. TVilld. 1. p. 99. 

Vahl. Symb. 2. p. 17. 
Manja-Kurini. Hort. Malab. 9 p. 121. t. 62. 

The leaves of this ornamental stove plant generally grow 
four together upon the lower and barren branches ; but on 
the flowering branches are more frequently opposite, as repre- 
sented in our figure. The flowers grow in axillary square 
spikes ; Bract es three to each Bower, outer ones imbricate, 
concave-lanceolate or canoe-shaped, concealing the two smaller 
ones and the calyx. But the great singularity in this plant, 
and which separates it from Brown's Aphelandra, is the 
one-lipped Corolla, five-lobed, that is deeply divided into three 
lobes, and the two lateral lobes again divided half as far. 

Crossandra was first separated from Justicia by Richard 
Salisbury, Esq. in the Paradisus Londinensis. 

Native of the East-Indies. Introduced at the beginning of 
the present century by Dr. Roxburgh. Flowers from June 
to January. 

( 2187 ) 




Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. brevis, 5-dentatus. Cor. bilabiata : lab. supcrins bi~ 
fidum : inferius trifidum, lacinia media majore. Htam. ad- 
scendentia. Drupa, Nuce 4-loculari, 4-spermo. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Vitex trifolia ; foliis tcrnatis quinatisve : foliolis acutis ovatis 
lanceolatisve integerrimis subtus incanis, paniculas rachi 
stricta, ramis subdichotomis. Brown prodr. p. 511. 

Vitex trifolia foliis ternatis quinatisque., foliolis ovatis acutis 
integerrimis subtus canescentibus, paniculas rachi recta, 
pedicellis dichotomis. Lin. Suppl. 293. Willd. Sp. PL 
3. p. 392. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 4. p. 67. Persoon Syn. 
2. p. 144. 

Vitex trifolia ; foliis ternatis quinatisque integerrimis, pani- 
culis dichotomis. -Sp. PL 890. Burm. bid. 137. Lour. 
Co chinch, p. 390. 

Logondium vulgare. Rumph. Amb. 4. p. 48. t. 18. 

Caranosi. Hort. Malabar. 2. p. 13. /. 10. 

Vitex trifolia minor indica. Pink. aim. 890. Phyt. t. 206. 

Vitex trifolia floribus per ramos sparsis. Burm. Zeylan. 
229. t. 109??— vix hnjus loci. 

Piperi similis fructus striatus, femina. Bauh Pin. 412 ? 

The straightness of the principal footstalk of the panicle 
with its dichotomous branchlets is a remarkable feature in 
this species, which is a native of the East Indies and of the 
Bay of Islands in New South-Wales. 


The whole plant has a hot aromatic taste and powerful smell; 
more especially the berries. According to Van Rheede and 
Rumphius it is much used in medicine, principally m fomen- 
tations and cataplasms to sooth the pains arising from Gout 
and other causes. It has also been much extolled for its 
efficacy in curing Palsy, Bontius himself having been restored 

by its use. 
" In the specimens of this plant that we have seen we have 
not met with any quinate leaves, but one or uotl} of the side 
leaflets are sometimes wanting, and then the leaves become 


The plant figured in this work at No. 361, under the name 
of Vitex Negundo, by which it was known in our gardens, 
is now found not to be that species, but is recorded m the 
last edition of the Hortus Kewensis by the name of Vitex 
incisa. This mistake doubtless originated from Linnaeus 
himself having in the twelfth edition of the Systema Natura? 
added the figures in Millers icones (t. 275) to the Synonyms 
of Vitex Negundo, which in reality belong to the same species 
as the one so called by Mr. Curtis. 

The figure quoted by Linnjeus from Burman's Flora Ley- 
lanica can hardly belong to our plant, on account of the lower 
leaflets being on long petioles, and the inflorescence quite 
different. . 

The drawing now published was taken some years ago by 
the late Mr. Sydenham Edwards, at Mr. Whitley's, but is 
now no longer to be met with there. It flowered in July. 
It does not appear to have blossomed in the Kew Garden be- 
fore the publication of the last edition of the Hortus Kewensis. 
Requires to be kept in the stove during the winter. May be 
propagated by cuttings. 


( 2188 ) 

Acacia nigricans. Unequal-winged 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Hermaphrod. Cal. 5-dentatus. Cor. 5-fida. v. 5-petala 
Stam. 4 — 100. Pist. 1. Legumen bivalve. 

Masc. Cal. 5-dentatus. Cor. 5-fida. s. 5-petala. Stam. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Acacia nigricans; inermis glabra, foliis bipinnatis : partialibis 
bijugis : superioris propriis 5 — 7-jugis : infcrioris 2 — 3- 
jugis, stipulistubulato-setaceis, capitulis solitariis. Brown 
in Hort. Kew. ed alt. b. p. 465. 

Acacia nigricans. Lodd. Cab. 313. 

Mimosa nigricans. Labill. Nov. Holl. 2. p. 88. L 238. 

This is a very beautiful shrub, with delicate and singular 
foliage. Native of the south-west coast of New Holland. 
Different individuals vary considerably in the number of 
leaflets on each pinna. Does not bear fruit in our conserva- 
tories, but may be propagated by cuttings. Flowers from 
April to July. Introduced about 1803, by Mr. Peter Good. 
Communicated by the Comtesse de Vandes from her very 
fine collection at Bayes- Water. 


In which the Latin Names of the Plants contained in the Forty, 
Seventh Volume are alphabetically arranged. 

—^— - 





Acacia linearis. 

-longifolia, £. 

jEsculus macrostachva. 
Amaryllis reticulata, */3, sMcli- 


Amorpha nana. 
Amygdalus pumila. 
Anchusa undulata. 
Anemone alba. 
Arctutis speciosa. 
Asperula arcadiensis. 
Azalea calendulacea, a, Jlam- 

Baeekea virgata. 
Bellis annua. 
Betonica incana. 
Bignonia Chamberlaynii. 
Borbouia ruscifolia. 
Callicarpa cana. 
Cartliamus lanatus. 
CcJjMtrus buxifolius. 
Chamcerops humilis. 
Clitoria heterophylla. 
Convolvulus pentanthus. 
Coris monspeliensis. 
Coronilla minima, at, 
Crassula jasminea. 
Crataegus glabra. 
Crinutn Broussoneti. 

flaccid um. 


Crossandra undulaefolia. 
Cynoglossum pictum. 
Cypripedium venustum. 
Digitalis minor. 

■ obscura. 

Dracocephalum sibiricum. 
Echinops strigosa. 
Erica Bonplaudiana. 


— -- — fragrans. 


2 1 64 



Erica propendens. 


Erythrina Crista Galli. 
Galanthus plicatus. 
Gentiana viscosa. 
Glycirrhiza echinata. 


Gnapbalium arenavium. 

Ipomoea atropurpurea. 

Jussieua grand i flora. 

Kauli'ussia amelloides. 

Kennedia ovata. 

Lactuca perennis. 

Linaria genistitblia, y, proctra. 

Lobelia racemosa. 

Lupinus nootkatensis, (3, fru- 

^Magnolia glauca, y, major. 
Mesembryanthem um tricolor. 
Nerinc rosea. 
Oxytropis Lamberti. 
Paeonia Moutan, var. papave- 


Palafbxia linearis. 
Phlox earned. 
Phyteuma stiicta. 
Plumbago capensis. 

• europa?a. 

Psoralen uculeata. 
Ranunculus nodiflorus, #. 
Satyrium coriifolium. 
Scutellaria orienlalis. 
Sempervivum globiferum, a. 
Sisyrinchium micranthum. 


Solanum lanceolatunx. 
Soldauella Clusii. 
Strutbiola erecta. 
Thymus alpinus. 
Turnera trioniflora. 
Vicia tenuifolia. 
"Vitex trifolia. 
Zinnia hybrids. 
Zygopbyllum sessilifoliuui. 


in which the English Names of the Plants contained in the Fo7fj/~ 
Seventh Volume are alphabetically arranged. 










Acacia, Flax-leaved. 

— Linear-leaved. 

Thick-spiked, long- 



■ Unequal-winged, 

Almond, Double dwarf. 

Amaryllis, Griffin's netted- 

Anemone, White. 

Arctotis, Shewy. 

Azalea, Flame-coloured. 

Baeckea, Twiggy. 

Bastard-Indigo," Dwarf. 

Bean-caper, sessile-leaved. 

Betony, Rose-coloured. 

Bindweed, Jacquin's East-In- 

Borbonia, Butchers-broom 

Bugloss, Waved-leaved. 

Cailicarpa, Malabar 1 loary. 

Chaste-Tree, Three-leaved. 

Clitoria, Hooded-flowered. 

Crassula, Jasmine-flowered. 

Coral-Tree, Cock's-comb. 

Coronilla, Jacquin's least. 

Coris, Montpelier. 

Crinum, Broussonet's. 

■ Macquarie. 


Crossandra, Waved leaved. 

Crowfoot, Sicilian Knot- 

Daisy, Lesser. 

Distaff-Thistle, or Woolly 

Dragons-head, Siberian. 

Everlasting, Sand. 

Fan-Palm, Dwarf. 

Fig-Marygold, Purple-eyed. 

Fox-glove, Dwarf Spanish. 


Gentian, Clammy. 

Globe-Thistle, Annual. 

Hawthorn, Smooth Chinese. 

Heath, Bonpland's. 


2181 Heath, Fragrant. 

2140 Pendent-flowered. 

2165 Thrift-flowered. 

21 18 Horse-Chesnut, Small-flowered 

or Buck's-Horn tree. 
2134 Hound's-tongue, Madeira. 

2115 House-leek, Villous Globular. 
2170 Ipomcea, Puce-coloured. 

2122 Jussieua, Great-flowered. 
2177 Kaulfussia, Cape-Aster-like. 
2169 Kennedia, Oval-leaved. 

2129 Lady's-Slipper, Comely. 
2139 Lead-wort., European. 
2110 Phlox-like. 

2130 Lettuce, Perennial. 

2154 Liquorice, Prickly-headed. 
2150 Silky-leaved. 

2137 Lobelia, Green-flowered. 
2136 Lupin, Lee's Blue-flowered 

2164 Magnolia, Thomson's Ne>* 

2175 Moutan, Single-flowered. 
2124 Neriue, Rose-coloured. 
2173 Nightshade, Lance-leaved- 
2147 Oxytropis, Lambert's. 
2132 Palafoxia, Lavender- leaved. 

2155 Phlox, Flesh-coloured. 
2158 Psoralea, Prickly. 

2145 Rampion, Slender. 

2172 Satyrium, Leathery-leaved. 
2120 Skull-cap, Yellow-flowered. 
2163 Soldanella, Clusius's greater. 

2116 Sisyrinchium, Small-flowered. 

2 1 17 -, __ — Narrow-leaved. 

2162 Snow-drop, Clusius's. 

2114 Siaff-tree, Spineless Box- 

2138 Struthiola, Upright. 

2183 Toad-flax, Tall Broom-like. 
2 J 48 Trumpet-Flower, Chamber- 

2153 Thyme, Alpine. 
2106 Turnera, Venice-Mallow- 


2141 Vetch, Fine-leaved. 

2146 Woodruff, Arcadian. 

2123 Zinnia, Large-flowered.