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C U R T I S' S 

Botanical Magazine: 




The most Ornamental Foreign Plants, cultivated in the Open 
Ground, the Green-House, and the Stove, are accurately 
represented in their natural Colours. 


Their Names, Class, Order, Generic and Specific Characters, according; 

to the celebrated Linnaeus ; their Places of Growth, 

and Times of Flowering ; 

Together with the most approved Methods of Culture. 


Intended for the Use of such Ladies, Gentlemen, and Gardeners, as wish 
to become scientifically acquainted with the Plants they cultivate. 


Fellow of the Royal and Linnean Societies. 

Being the Sixth of the New Series. 

The Flowers, which grace their native beds, 

Awhile put forth their blushing heads, 

Hnt, e'er the close of parting day, 

They wither, shrink, and die away : 

But these, which mimic skill hath made, 

Nor scorched by suns, nor killed by shade, 

Shall blush with less inconstant hue, 

Which art at pleasure can renew. Lloyd. 

Ho it Hon: 

Printed by W. & S. Couchman, Throgmorton-Street. 

Published by Sherwood, Neely, & Jones, 20, Paternoster- Row ; 

And Sold by the principal Booksellers in Great-Britain and Ireland, 



Fui.byJt lure--' Wm.V*r**K .&«T.. 


( 2189 ) 

Magnolia macrophylla. Large-leaved 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. 3-phyllus. Petala 9. Caps. 2-valves, imbricatae. Sem. 
baccata, pundula. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Magnolia macrophylla ; ram is medullosis fragilibus, foliis ob- 
longe subcuneato-obovalibus : basi sinuata subauriculatis, 
subtus glaucis. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 3. p. 331. Michaux 
Amer. bor. 1. p. 327. Michaux Arb. v. 3. t. 7. 

Magnolia macrophylla ; ramis medullosis fragilibus, foliis 
amplissimis oblonge subcuneato-obovalibus basi sinuata 
subauriculatis subtus glaucis, petalis sex ovatis obtusis. 
Pursh Amer. p. 381. 

Magnolia macrophylla. Nuttall Amer. 2. p. 18. 

Magnolia macrophylla; foliis amplissimis obovato-oblongis 
basi subauriculatis subtus glauco-subtomentosis. Poir. 
Encycl. Sup. 3. p. 572. 

The Magnolia macrophylla is a small pyramidal growing 
tree with leaves and flowers larger than those of any other 
tree in North-America ; the former growing from a foot to 
two feet and a half in length, and six or eight inches in 
breadth, smooth, bright green on the upper and glaucous on 
the under side; the latter larger than the blossoms of Magnolia 
grandijlora, and in our individual though probably much 
smaller than in its native soil, too large for the size of our 
plate. It consists of six white petals, the three internal* 

* Authors generally attribute this colour to the external petals, Michaux 
hairing used the word inferiora, but we suspect that this is a misprint for 


ones tinged with purple towards the base. Its locality seems 
to be very limited, having been found only in Tenassee, west 
of the Cumberland River, and in a small district of North 
Carolina, about twelve miles south-east of Lincolnton. 

Our drawing was made from a small tree growing in the 
open ground in the garden of James Vere, Esq. where it 
blossomed in July last, perhaps for the first time in England. 


( 2190 ) 

Chloranthus monostachys. One-spiked 
Chloranthus, or Chu-lan. 

C'Zflss and Order. 


* Plores apetali. 

Generic Character. 

Anthera lateri ovarii insidens (indivisa, bUocularis; vel 
triloba,, 4-locularis). Ovarium monospermum : ovulo pendulo. 
Stigma capitatum. Drupa. Brown. 

Specific Character. 

Chloranthus monostachys ; antheris incurvis trilobis in- 
divisisve, spicis solitariis, floribus alternis. Br. 

In the natural system Jussieu considers Chloranthus as 
very nearly related to Viscum, and has placed it in his family 
ofLoranthece,as established in the Annates du Museum, vol. 
12. p. 299. But Brown makes it the type of a new order, 
to be called Chloranthece, the definition of which we may 
expect from him, perhaps in the next volume of the Transac- 
tions of the Linnean Society. To this family belong Ascarina 
of Forster, and Hedyosmum of Swartz (the Tafalla of Ruiz 
and Pa von). Its place in the system will be near to Pipe- 
race& and Urticece, with both of which it agrees in having 
the radicle of the embryo in a direction opposite to the um- 
bilicus, and a one-seeded ovarium; but differs especially in 
its pendulous ovulum and in habit. 

By the advice of Mr. Brown we have placed Chloranthus 
in the first class of the Linnean system, although, he observes, 
that only one known species (C. monander Br.) is really and 
at the same time constantly monandrous; for in inconspicuus 
and elatior (Br.) the three-lobed four-celled anther, hitherto 
regarded as an antheriferous petal, is according to him com- 

posed of three confluent anthers, of which the middle one 
only is perfect or two-celled, corresponding with the anther 
of monander, the lateral being dimidiate or one-celled : and in 
monostachys both simple and compound anthers are found 
in the same spike. 

Native of China. Our drawing was taken in August last 
at the garden of the Horticultural society, by whom this 
hitherto undescribed species was introduced, through their 
correspondent John Reeves, Esq. F.R.S. and L.S, of Canton. 


( 2191 ) 



Class and Order. 

Pentandria Pentagynia. 

(Inter Maherniam et Commersoniam). 

Generic Character. 

Petala 5, e cucullata basi ligulata. Stamina sterilia 5, 
indivisa, {Nectarium Lin.). Ovarium 5-loculare: loculis 
dispermis. Capsula: septis duplicatis demum 5-partibihs. 

Specific Character. 

Rulingia pannosa; capsulis echinatis exsertis, foliis dentato 
-serratis acutis planis supra scabris subtus tomentosis : in- 
ferioribus ovatis subcordatis passimque lobatis; superiori- 
bus oblongo-lanceolatis. Br. nov-holl. 2,inedit. 

Our friend Mr. Brown, to whom we are indebted for the 
above generic and specific characters, places this genus in 
the natural system, in his order of Ruttneriacece, which he 
has defined in the appendix to Flinders' voyage, vol. 2. p. 
540. It is nearly related to Commersonia 3 from which it 
differs, in the number of sterile filaments, or division of the 
nectarium, in the cells of the ovarium being two -seeded, 
and in the capsule. Named in memory of John Philip 
Ruling, author of an essay on the Natural Orders, in 
which he has published the ideas of Professor Buttner 
upon this subject. A green-house shrub, native of Port 
Jackson, in New Holland, where Mr. Brown discovered 
several other species of the same genus. Communicated by 
Mr. Kent of Clapton, in May last. 


Pig. 1 . represents a separate flower magnified, as are all 
the other figures. 2. The Calyx. 3. A Petal, with its cucul- 
lated base embracing an anther. 4. The Germen and 5 
styles which latter approximate so closely as to appear like 
one style. 5. The nectarium or five barren filaments, 
undivided, and wanting the filiform bodies, which are inter- 
posed between each in Commersonia. 

( 2192 ) 
Galega orientalis. Oriental Goats-Rue. 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. dentibus subulatis, subaequalibus. Legumen striis ob- 
liquis, seminibus interjectis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Galega orientalis ; foliis pinnatis : foliolis ovato-Ianceolatis 

acutis, stipulis ovatis., leguminibus pendulis. Marsck, a 

Bieb. Flor. Taur. cauc. 2. p. 182. Snppl. p. 4S5. 

Cent. PL rar. Ross. 2. t 67. 
Galega orientalis; foliolis ovato-acutis nervosis laevibus^ 

stipulis ovatis integerrimis. ham. Encycl. 2. p. 596. 

Per soon Syn. 2. p. 330. 
Galega orientalis ; foliis pinnatis : foliolis ovatis acuminatis 

glabris, stipulis ovatis, floribus cernuis. fVilld. Sp. PL 

S. p. 1241. Hort. Kew ed. alt. 4. p. 355. 
Galega orientalis latifolia aitissima. flore caeruleo. Tournej. 

Cor. p. 27. 
Galega montana. Schuliesobs.pAbb. Hoffm. Hort. Mosq. 

n. 1402. Bonn Cantab, ed. 9. p. 244. Lodd. Catal. 

1820. p. 46. 

Descr. Stem herbaceous, flexuose, obscurely fluted, pu- 
bescent at the upper and smooth at the lower parts. Stipules 
oval, concave, reflexed, quite entire, except that sometimes 
they have two little processes at the base. Leaves pinnate : 
leaflets about seven pair, rounded at the base, pointed at the 
end., lively green, somewhat villous on the under side. Pe- 
duncles generally two together from the axil of the terminal 
leaf. Flowers pale violet, in a long raceme, pendulous from 
short horizontal pedicles. Bractcs linear-lanceolate concave, 


reflexed. Calyx pubescent. Alee shorter than the vexUlum : 
Carina shorter than the alae. Filaments all united at the 
base, but one of them farther distinct than the rest. Pollen 
orange -coloured. Legumen somewhat curved, linear, pen- 

The Galega orientalis does not occur in the first edition 
of Aiton's Hortus Kewensis, being introduced in the year 
1801, since the publication of that work by the late Right 
Hon. Sir Joseph Banks, Bart, whose death will be long la- 
mented, as an irreparable loss, particularly to the whole 
Botanical world. In our nurseries it has often gone by the 
name of Galega montana, under which it still stands in the 
last editions of Loddidges and Donn's Catalogues. 

We have not seen any representation of this plant, the 
figure quoted from the supplement to the Flora taurico-cau- 
casica in the second volume of the Century of rare Russian 
plants by M. Marschall, not having as yet come to hand. 

It was first described by Lamarck in the Encyclopedic 
Botanique from a specimen collected by Tournefort, and 
preserved in Jussieu's Herbarium. 

Native of the subalpine woods of Caucasus and of the 
Levant. Flowers from June to August. 

A hardy perennial, not undeserving a place in the flower 
garden. Our drawing was taken from a plant communicated 
by Mr. Jenkins from his Botanic garden in the New Road ; 
our description from one with which we were favoured by 
Messrs. Loddiges and Sons in June 1807, under the specific 
name of montana. 



TxA 1rj.S,&**i. yr.Ur^A.To-r. ii!j, 

( 2193 ) 
Sida NaPjEA. Smooth Virginian Sida. 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cat. simplex, angulatus. Stylus multipartitus. Capsula 
plures, mono- s. trispermae. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Sida Napaa; foliis subquinque-lobis glabris: lobis oblongis 

acuminatis dentatis, pedunculismultifloris,capsuIis muticis 

acuminatis. Willd. Sp. PL 3. p. 765. Hort. Kew. ed. 

alt. 4. p. 206. Pursh Fl. am. Sept. 2. p. 453. 
Sida Napnea; caulibus virgatis ramosis, foliis glabris cordatis 

palmatis, lobis quiYique acutissime productis, petalis 

concavis cuspidatis. Cav. Diss. 5. p. 277. t. 132./. 1. 
NapjEA Icevis; pedunculis nudis laevibus, foliis lobatis glabris. 

Syst. Veg. ed. 14. p. 896. Lam. ill. gen. t. 579./ I. 

Encycl. 4. p. 420. Hort. Kew. ed. \ ma 3. p 417. 
NaPjEa hermaphrodita ; pedunculis nudis laevibus, foliis 

glabris. floribus hermaphroditis. Sp. Plant. 965. Fabr. 

Helmst. 281. 
Sida foliis palmatis, laciniis lanceolato-attenuatis. Hort. 

Cliff. 346. Hort. Ups. 198. 
Alth,ea virginiana Ricini folio. Herm. Lugd. 22. cum icone. 
Malva aceris folio virginiana. Tourn. Inst. 95. 

Sida Napcea is more generally known in our nurseries by 
the name of Navjea Icevis, under which it occurs in the first 
edition of Aiton's Hortus Kewensis. It has indeed been the 
&te of this plant to be transferred backwards and forwards 
between these two genera. Lixnjeus at first ranked it under 
Sida; remarking, however, that it differed so much from the 
other species, that it might easily constitute a new genus. 


Accordingly in the Species Plantarum, it occurs under the 
name of Nap^a hermaphrodita, changed afterwards to 
NAPiEA tcevis Cavanilies reunited Nap^a with the genus 
Sida, in w ich he has been followed by most botanists since, 
but Jussieu has retained the genus NapjEa distinguishing it 
from Sida by the want of obliquity in the petals and of any 
articulation in the peduncle; the latter character, however, 
certainly fails, as the peduncles are as evidently jointed just 
below the calyx, as in most species of Sida, 

A hardy herbaceous perennial, from four to eight feet high, 
native of Virginia in North America. Cultivated by Mr. 
Peter Collinson before the year 1748. Flowers in August 
and September. Communicated by our friend Ayljier 
Burke Lambert, Esq. from his collection at Boyton. 


( 2194 ) 

Digitalis tomentosa. Wooly leaved 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-partitus. Cor. campanulata, 4-5-loba, ventricosa. 
Caps, ovata, bilocularis. 

Specific Character. 

Digitalis tomentosa; foliis tomentosis rugosis serratis 
in petiolum decurrentibus utrinque concoloribus, floribus 
quaquaversum spectantibus. 

Descr. Stem about 2 feet high, somewhat branched, 
villous. Leaves alternate, oblong-oval, petiolated, decurrent 
down the petiole and a little on the stem, tomentose and 
rugose on the under side. Terminal raceme many flowered, 
side-ones few-flowered: Flowers bright blush-coloured, large, 
spread in every direction. Bractes lanceolate, quite entire, 
longer than the peduncle. Peduncle rising, not horizontal, 
calyx villous: segments oval, the uppermost one smaller by 
nearly half than the rest. Tube of Corolla within the calyx 
white, above the calyx dilated into an oblong faux, convex 
underneath, flattened above: mouth gaping, a little hairy: 
upper-lip short, rounded, slightly emarginate: lower-lip 
3-lobed: middle lobe long, round oval, spotted and hairy 
within, side lobes very short. Stamens within the faux: 
anthers didymous: lobes finally so divaricate as to stand at 
right angles with the filament. Style equal to the stamens: 
stigma 2-lipped. Germen conical, 2-celled: ovules affixed 
to a central receptacle. 

r Wc 

We have not found any thing said about this species, but 
are informed that it was received from Vienna under the 
name that we have adopted, by Mr. Anderson, of the Chelsea 

farden, where it flowered, and our drawing was taken in 
une, 1819. But we find by a specimen from Philip 
Miller, now in the Banksian Herbarium, that it was culti- 
vated by him, and supposed to be Digitalis Thapsi. From 
which, however, it seems to differ in many material points, as 
in the leaves being of the same colour on both sides, supported 
on long footstalks, not sessile; in the greater length of the 
bractes; in the flowers not being secund or looking one way, 
and of a brighter colour. These plants are, however, too 
nearly allied, and perhaps may only be varieties of the same 

A hardy biennial, propagated by seeds. Its native country 

( 2195 ) 

Geodorum citrinum. Lemon-coloured 

$♦$ ♦♦#♦♦♦♦♦ ♦># * 4 > ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

Generic Character. 

Labellum cucullatum., ventricosum (nunc basi calcaratum), 
sessile, cum columna non articulatum. Petala conformia, 
subsecunda. Massae pollinis 2, postice lobulo auctae. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Geodorum citrinum ; scapo foliis breviore, spica pendula : 
floribus congestis, labello basi subcalcarato ; apice obtuso 
integerrimo. Brown in Hort. Kezo. ed. alt. 5. p. 207. 
Poir. Encj/cl. Suppl 5. p. 689. 

Geodorum citrinum. Bot. Repos. 626. 

Descr. Leaves all radical, lanceolate, many-nerved, upon 
long sheathing- footstalks. Scape lateral, shorter than the 
leaves, with alternate sheathing leaves or bractes, the upper 
ones more expanded from the stalk than the lower, terminating 
in a cernuous spike of flowers of a pale greenish yellow colour, 
the labellum of which is beautifully variegated with crimson 
veins. The Column erect, semicylindrica'. crowned with a 
two-celled, opercular, deciduous anther, containing two pollen 
masses, united to a very short pedicle or lobe at the base, 
attached at the margin of a hemispherical cavity (the stigma) 
just below the anther, filled with a viscid liquor, into which 
if the pollen masses are immersed they are almost instantane- 
ously dissolved. 

The first notice we have of this rare and beautiful plant, 
belonging to the natural order of orchidece, is in Andrew's 
Botanist's Repository. The drawing was made by our la- 

mented friend, the late Mr. Sydenham Edwards, from a fine 
plant, communicated by Messrs. Loddiges and Sons in July 
1812, and our description drawn up at the same time. 

Native of the East Indies. Introduced by the Right Hon. 
Sir Joseph Banks, Bart. 


( 2196 ) 

aconitum septentrionale, ft. carp ati cum 
Carpathian Wolfs-bane. 

iHMNMNNHNHiHMMl *■#■+■#•#■*■ 
Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cat. 0. Petala 5, supremo fomicato. Nectaria 2, pedun- 
culata, recurva. Siliqua? 3. s. 5. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Aconitum septentrionale ; galea conica, foliis palmatis quin- 

que-lobatis: lobis cuneiformibus inciso-dentatis, pedicellis 

basi bracteatis. 
(a.) caule J'oliisque pubescentibus. 
Aconitum septentrionale. Koelle Aeon. 22. Willd. Sp. PI. 

2. p. 1235. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 3. p. 322. 
Aconitum Lj/coctonum $. flore caeruleo. Reich. Si/st. Veg. 

2. p. 615. Flor.Dan. t. 123. 
Aconitum Lj/coctonum floribus pallide caeruleis. Gm. Sib. 4. 

p. 189 ? 
(f3.) carpaticum; caule foliisque glaberrimis, corollis lurido- 

Aconitum Lj/coctonum |3. caruleum ; floribus caeruleis, herba 

floribusque magis elongatis, foliis profundiusetdistinctius 

palmatis. Wahlenb. Fl. carpat. 163. 

Descr. Stem flexuose, angular, quite smooth. Leaves 
smooth, veined, dark green on the upper, and pale on the 
under, side, palmate, 5-lobed : lobes jkvedge shaped, incised : 
footstalks channelled, embracing the stem. Flowers in ter- 
minal racemes, of a lurid purple colour mixed with green, 
supported on very short pedicles, with three small subulate 
bractes, generally all close to or very near the base. The 

5 petals 

5 petals are all conn i vent : the upper one (galea) conical, 
terminated in a long tube, nearly straight, obtuse: lateral 
petals (ala?) roundish : lower petals slightly bearded, not 
pendent, as in most of the species. These petals are called 
segments of the calyx by Jlssieu and De Candolle, who 
give the name of petals to the small coloured scales surrounding 
the germen, which are wanting in this species, and to the two 
singular bodies inclosed within the tube of the galea called 
by Linnaeus Nectaria, which are supported on long pedicles 
or claws terminated by a horn-shaped body (Cucullus of 
Willdenow) forming at one end a sort of spur (calcar of 
De Candolle) and expanded al the other into a border or lip 
(labium). In our plant this part is recurved at the spur and 
truncate, and slightly emarginate at the lip. Filaments dilated 
and cohering at the base. Germens 3, oval. Style shorter 
than stamens, Stigmas 3, simple. Capsules 3, recurvedly 

This variety is a native of the Carpathian Mountains and 
first described by M. Wahlenberg who has published an 
excellent Flora of those regions, but is considered by him as 
only a variety of Aconitum Lycoctonum ; he observes how- 
ever that the two continue distinct from one another, and are 
never found intermixed. Aconitum septentrionale «. a native 
of Norway, Russia, and Siberia, differs from our present plant 
in being pubescent, and also apparently in the shortness and 
recurvature of the galea or casque, which part is long and 
nearly straight; or what curvature it has is downward, con- 
trary to what takes place in Pallas's specimen of septen- 
trionale, preserved in Lambert's Herbarium. 

A hardy perennial. Flowers in June, July, and August. 
Communicated by Messrs. Whitley, Brame, and Milne, of 
the Fulham nursery, who raised it from seeds collected in the 
Carpathian Mountains. 


*A*f$J>*UtJ F mht * \ 4 »XitmMtm. 

( 2197 ) 
Anchusa italica. Italian Bugloss. 

♦ ♦ * ♦♦ ♦ kto $ $ %*& ♦ $ M ♦ ♦♦ 

Class and Order, 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. infundibuliformis, fauce clausa fornicibus. Sem. basi 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Anchusa italica ; floribus subsqualibus fauce barbatis, caly- 

cibus quinquepartitis fructiferis erectis, foliis lucidis 

strigosis. Fl. taur. cauc. 1. p. 122. 
Anchusa italica ; foliis lucidis strigosis., racemis bipartitis 

diphyllis, floribus subaequalibus fauce barbatis. Retz. 

Obs. I. p. 12. Willd. Sp. PL 1. p. 556. Hort. Kew. 

ed. alt. I. p. 289. 
Anchusa italica foliis lanceolatis undulatis ; summis acumi- 

natis, squamulis faucis corollae penicilliformibus. Trew 

pi. rar. p. 14. t. 18. 
Anchusa paniculata. Lehmann asperif. 1. 230. Sm. prodr. 

Flor Grcec. 1. p. 115. Fl. Greec. t.1631 
Anchusa Alcibiadion. Dod. pempt. p. 629. 
Buglossum foliis linguiformibus asperis, spicis supremis ge- 

mellis. Hall. Hist. n. 599. Exclusis synonymis. 
Buglossum italicum flore caeruleo. Hort. Eyst. Ord. JEst. 8. 

t. 5. 
Buglossum angusti folium. Lob. ic 1. 576. 
Buglossum vulgare. Bauh. Hist. 3. p. 578. Ger. emac. 

p. 798. 
Cirsium italicum. Fuchs. Hist.fol. t. 343. 

Anchusa italica, being much the most common species in 
many parts of the south of Europe, has been often confounded 
with officinalis, and indeed was not distinguished from it by 


Linnjjus. Retzius has taken much pains in selling the 
synonymy of our present plant. The character first pointed 
out by Trew of the scales closing the faux of the corolla being 
erect and bearded or pencil-formed, added to that of the 
segments or the calyx being divided to the base, will perhaps 
distinguish it from every other species, unless paniculata, in' 
which the same characters hold good, be considered as distinct, 
as has been lately alleged ; though both are united by Sir 
James E. Smith in his Prodromus florae graecae, as well as by 
Lehmann. As we have had no opportunity of examining a 
living specimen of the Madeira plant we cannot take upon us 
to decide the question ; but judging from the appearance of 
the specimen brought by Masson from Madeira, we should 
not consider that to be distinct from italica. At all events 
we think it right to retain the name of italica so long applied 
to this species, by the older botanists as well as the modern, 
in preference to that of paniculata; although it is a native 
not of Italy only, but also of Swisserland, France, Spain, 
Portugal, Greece, the country about Algiers and Tunis, and 
perhaps of the island of Madeira. The figures of DoDONiEUS, 
Lobel, and Gerard, all from the same block, are good re- 
presentations of our plant. 

A hardy perennial. Flowers most part of the summer. 
Communicated by Mr. Anderson from the Chelsea garden. 

^Tiii-Wilw-c-rt .. 

( 2198 ) 
Jasione perennis. Perennial Sheeps-bit. 

Class and Order. 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Involucr. 10-fidum. Cat. 5-partitus. Cor. 5-petala, regu- 
laris. Antherce basi cohaerentes. Caps, infera, bilocularis, 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Jasione perennis ; foliis linearibus sublaevibus planis obtusi- 
usculis. Lam. Encucl. 3. p. 216. Illustr. Gen. t. 724. 

Jasione montana, |3. perennis, radice perenni. Linn. Suppl. 
p. 392. Willd. Sp. PL 1. ;j. 889. 

Descr. i?oo£ perennial, putting- forth several upright 
simple stalks, bearing each a single hemispherical, finally 
globular, capilulum of flowers, the lower part clothed with 
linear, obtuse leaves, quite smooth except a few hairs at the 
edge towards the base, neither toothed nor undulate ; the 
upper part naked, angular, forming a peduncle from four to 
six inches long, involncrum of about ten lozenge-shaped 
leaves, senate. Calyx superior, persistent 5-tooth : teeth 
subulate. Corolla 5-cleft : lacinite linear, filiform. Stamens 
°> shorter than the corolla. Anthers oval, bursting before 
the expansion of the corolla, as in most eampunulaccce, but, 
as tar as we could observe, at no time united, as in montana. 
Germen interior, 2-ceJJed. Style after impregnation length- 
ening beyond the corolla. Stigma club-shaped, villous, 
finally bi id. 

It has been much doubted whether this is a distinct species 
or only a mere variety of Jasione montana; but if our ob- 
servation of the anthers being always distinct is correct, it 


can no longer be doubtful. It is also a larger, smoother plant • 
and after a cultivation of more than ten years M. Lamarck 
found it to continue distinct. 

Native of the South of Prance. Flowers in July and 
August. Communicated by Mr. Jenkins from his Botanical 
garden in the New Road. 


*•* *j. S &>*»▼■>■■. nui^.,; 

( 2199 ) 


Class and Order. 


Genwic Character. 

Cal. 5-dentatus. Cor. labium inf. duplo longius. Caps. 
2-locularis, globosa. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Dodartia orientalis; foliis linearibus integerrimis glabris. 

Sp. PI. 883. Willd. 3. p. 355. Hort. Kew ed. alt. 4. 

p. 52. Flor. taur. cauc. 2. p. 84. Gmel. Sib. 3. p. 

200. n. 9. Mill. ic. t. 127. 
Dodartia orientalis flore purpurascente. Tourn. Corol. p. 

4:7.— It. 3. t. 208. Engl ed. 3. p. 188 c. icone. 
Coris juncea aphyllos. Amm. Ruth. N. 46. t. b. 

This singular plant, which is more curious than beautiful, 
was first discovered by Tournefort in his travels in the 
Levant, near a monastery in the neighbourhood of Mount 
Ararat. This celebrated botanist gave it the name of Do- 
dartia, in honour of M. Dodart, of the Royal Academy of 
Sciences, at that time physician to the then Dowager Princess 
of Conti, and afterwards to the King. M. Dodart, he re- 
marks, was one of the most learned men of his age, and equally 
esteemed for his modesty and integrity. It is also tound very 
plentifully in salt-marshes in Caucasus. 

A hardy perennial. Cultivated by Philip Miller in 1752. 
Flowers July and August. Communicated by Messrs. 
Whitley, Brame and Milne. 

( 2200 ) 
Verbena Lamberti. Lambert's Vervain. 

•iHhHhNc- $ -jMHMh^^-M- 
Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cor. limbus subbilabiatus., 5-lobus, inasqualis. Stam. in- 
clusa. Utriculus evanidus. Sem. 2 — 4. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Verbena Lamberti; tetrandra, spicis laxis solitariis, caule 
hispido decumbente radicante, foliis oblongis inciso- 
dentatis apice integerrimis. 

Verbena Aubletia. Bot. Reg. 294. 

Verbena bracteosa. Pursh, non vero Michaux. 

In the 8th volume of this work, No. 308, there is a figure 
of Verbena Aubletia; from which we do not scruple to con- 
sider this as a distinct species; for although it is not very 
easy, perhaps, to find very good diagnostic characters, yet 
whoever has carefully compared the two plants cannot hesi- 
tate to pronounce to which he should refer any, even small 
specimen, that may be offered to him. The stem of Aubletia 
is almost constantly erect, and shows no disposition to creep; 
of Lamberti decumbent, and throws out roots wherever it 
touches the ground; the leaves of the former in length 
seldom greatly exceed their breadth: of the latter they are 
frequently three times longer than broad, and the point of the 
Ieat has no incision for some way down. Our plant is also 
much more hairy, and its spikes of flowers are usually much 
longer, and very sweet scented, which those of Aubletia, we 
believe, are not. 

Mr. Lambert, to whom we are indebted for the living 
specimen from which our drawing was taken, informs us 
that a whole border of this plant in the open ground in his 


garden at Boyton survived the winter of 1818, without pro- 
tection ; but that last year nearly the whole perished from the 
severity of the frost. 

It appears by the Flora Peruviana of Ruiz and Pa von, 
that there are some other species of Verbena, which have as 
near an affinity with V. Aubletia as the present species, 
which was brought from Carolina by the late Mr. Lyon, and 
was considered by Mr. Pursh as the bracteosa of Michaux, 
with the character of which, however, it does not at all agree. 
Flowers in June, July and August. 


( 2201 ) 


Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. 6 — I2-dentatus: basi hinc gibbosa. Petala 6, calyci 
in9erta. Caps. 1-Iocularis, hinc cum calyce longitudinaliter 
dehiscens. Brown in Horl. Kew. 

Specific Character. 

Cuphea circeeoides; racemo terminali: pedicellis sparsis, 
bracteis linearibus, foliis ovatis petiolatis pubescentibus. 
Smith, Mss. 

We were favoured with a living 1 plant of this new species of 
Cuphea by Mrs. Mackie, from her nursery in Norwich; 
who raised it from seeds given her by Sir James E. Smith. 
Our friend Sir James informs us., that he picked the seeds 
from his only specimen, given him by Wm. Swainson, Jun. 
Esq. who discovered it growing in shady places at Pernam- 
buco in South America, where, however, it is very rare. 

Sir James has further informed us, that it is a tender 
annual, requiring the heat of the stove; that "it differs from 
Cuphea decandra of the Hortus Kewensis in having an erect 
herbaceous stem, elongated foot-stalks, downy like the leaves 
and branches, alternate flowers and linear bracteas; while 
C. decandra has a shrubby, diffuse, smooth stem, opposite 
flowers, and roundish stalked, bracteas. 

" CiRcdEA racemosa (Lythrum racemosum Linn. Suppl.) 
which is nearest to circ&oides, has a diffuse, apparently her-" 
baceous stem, opposite flowers and bracteas like those of 


decandra, leaves rough-edged, smooth on the surface, on 
short footstalks/' 

The petals in our specimen were very minute, perhaps not 
properly developed from deficiency of heat. Flowers in Sep- 
tember. Propagated by seeds only. 


2fc*.4r. g.Aa**.TilW.<tJfcjj 

( 2202 ) 

Dentaria pentaphylla. Five-leaved 

CZass awd Order. 

Tetradynamia Siliquosa. 

Generic Character. 

Siliqua elastice dissiliens valvulis revolutis. Stigma in- 
tegrum. Cal. longitudinaliter connivens. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Dentaria pentaphyllos ; foliis digitatis. Hort. Kew. ed. I. 

v. 2. p. 387. mild. Sp. PL 3. p. 480. Persoon Syn. 

2 p. 195. 
Dentaria foliis summis digitatis. Sp. PL 912. 
Dentaria digitata. Lam. Encycl. 2. p. 268. D. C. fior. 

jranc. 4. p. 686. 
Cardamine pentaphylla ; caule simplicissimo apice triphyllo, 

foliis quinato-digitatis: foliolis elliptico-Ianceolatis in- 

Ciso-serratis, corolla staminibus duplo longiore. Hort. 

Krw. erf. alt. 4 p. 101. 
Dentaria pentaphylla foliis mollioribus. Garid. Prov. 152. 

t. 29. 
Dentaria foliis quinis digitatis. Hall. Hist. n. 469. 
Dentaria pentaphyllos. Bauh. pin. 322. Clus. Hist. 2. p. 

16^./: 1. and 2. /, , 

Saxifraga montana, radice squamis s. nodis denticulatis m- 

signis. Gesn fasc. \.t.\.f. I. fig. opt. 
Viola dentaria prima. Dod. Pempt. 162. fig. bona. 
Alabastrites nemoralis alpina herbariorum. Lob. ic. 

686. /: I. 

The genus Dentaria has been united by Mr. Brown, in 
the Hon us Kewens.s, to that of Cardamine. But there is 
something in the general aspect of all the species hitherto 
referred to Dentaria, so peculiarly different from Cardamine, 


to say nothing of the singular apparatus about the root, that 
however difficult it may be to find proper generic character* 
to distinguish them by, we feel quite unwilling to give up a 
name by which these plants have been so long generally 

The roots of all the species of Dentaria are more or less 
scaly. In our plant the scales are fleshy, cordate, concave, 
at first white, but turning to a dull purple with age. 

A hardy perennial. Propagated by dividing the root. 
Flowers in April, May and June. Communicated by Ro- 
bert Barclay, Esq. of Bury Hill. 

J&0& UHi.s- .WaArsrifi,./,, , 


( 2203 ) 
Oncidium flexuosum. Zig-Zag Oncidium. 

<3r <?|> <?■><? ■> Jt >i> rl> y/„<if„A «.*,» \V <iV.<fr„ ,v'< V/ *V. 
ip qi «j» Vj. <^ *<jt ^ <iy» 4* «J» *p •pv *r fl* t" *r 

Class and Order. 

Gynandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Labellum explanatum, lobatum, basi tuberculatum. Petala 
paten tia (2 antica nunc connata). Columna alata. Massa 
pollinis 2, postice bilobaB ; medio affixae processu communi 
stigmatis. Br. in Hort. Kew. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Oncidium flexuosum; labello bilobo guttato lacinias multoties 
superante, bulbis ovatis compressis basi apiceque foliatis, 
scapo paniculato: pedicellis divaricatis, radice repente. 

Oncidium flexuosum. Lodd. Cab. n. 424. 

This beautiful Oncidium is in many respects similar to the 
one published at No. 1491, under the name of Oncidium 
bifolium, but differs in having a panicled scape, flattened 
bulbs which are furnished with leaves at their base as well as 
at their point. The labellum is larger in proportion to the 
other laciniae of the corolla, more exquisitely two-lobed and 
covered with minute red dots. 

Native of Brazil. Flowers in June and July, and the 
blossoms continue for six weeks or longer before they drop. 
Requires the constant heat of the stove. Introduced by 
Messrs. Loddidges and Sons, and published, under the name 
which we have adopted, in their Botanical Cabinet. 


I s 



at tyS-cUrti, iraUorih.Ja.^. Z ^ A 

( 2204 ) 
Arethusa bulb os a. Bulbous Arethusa. 

-St'- ■St' &- ■St'- St* iSfr & St* -V .Sfr St*. ^ i^. .St*. &. i»fr. ?&- -•&- -^ 

Class and Order. 
Gtnandria Monandria. 

Generic Character. 

Labellum inferne cum columna connatum ; superne cu- 
cullatum; intus cristatum. Petala b, basi connata. Pollen 
angulatum. Brown in Hort. Kew. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Arethusa bulbosa; radice globosa, scapo vaginato unifloro., 

petalis interioribus incurvatis., Iabello subcrenulato. 
Arethusa bulbosa. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 5. p. 205. Lam. 

Encycl. 1. p. 242. 
Arethusa bulbosa; radice globosa, scapo vaginato, spatha 

diphvlla. Sp. PL 1346. fVilld. Sp. PI 4. p. 80. Lam. 

Illustr. t. 729./ 1. ex Plukenetio. 
Arethusa bulbosa ; aphylla, radice bulbosa,, scapo vaginato 

unifloro, calycis laciniis superioribus incurvatis, Iabello 

subcrenulato. Michaux Fl. arner. bor. 2. p. 160. Pursh 

FL arner. sept. p. 890. 
Helleborine mariana monanthos, flore longo purpurascente 

liliaceo. Pluk. Mant. 100. t. 348. /. 7. 

For the drawing of this very rare plant we are indebted to 
Dr. Robert Graham, Professor of Botany in the university 
of Edinburgh. It flowered in the Botanic garden in June 
last and continued in blossom about a fortnight. The bulb 
Was imported from Canada, and arrived early in December 
1819. We believe no representation of this plant has been 
published except that by Plukenet, from a dried specimen, 
and Lamarck's figure in his illustrations of the genera, which 
appears to be a copy of the former. 


The plant is, as Professor Graham observes, not strictly 
aphyllous, but has three or four leaves, sheathing the scape 
and one another, but with little or no expanding portion. 
Whether these sheaths all arise from the root, or from the 
stalk itself was not ascertained. In the former case only the 
term scape is strictly applicable. 

Pig. 1. Represents the whole plant above the ground with 
the flower in its greatest perfection. 

2. A back view of the flower when it began to fade, 

at which time the germen was considerably 

3. The spathe after the flower was removed. 

4. The column shewing the pollen mass overhanging 

the stigma. 

5. The same with the pollen mass turned up to shew 

its attachment. 

6. The bulb, taken after the plant was decayed. 


( 2205 ) 

Convolvulus bicolor. Two-coloured 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. campanulata, plicata. Stigm. 2. Caps. 2-locularis : 
loculis dispermis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Convolvulus bicolor ; volubilis, pubescens, foliis cordatis an- 
gulatis ; pedunculis axillaribus unifloris, bracteis lineari- 
lanceolatis calyci involucriformi approximatis. 

Convolvulus bicolor. Hort. Bengal, p. 14. 

Convolvulus involucratus. Bot. Reg. 318. vix Willdenovii. 

Convolvulus bicolor is a native of Bengal and probably 
of the Mauritius. It appears by the catalogue of the Calcutta 
garden to be an herbaceous perennial, and to flower there in 
the rainy season ; with us it seems to be annual and to blossom 
in May and June in the stove. As in Convolvulus Tur- 
pethum the two outer segments of the calyx are much larger 
than the three internal ones which they enclose, but are not 
fleshy as in that. There is a particularity pointed out by 
Mr. Herbert in the Corolla of this plant that we have not 
observed in any other species of Convolvulus, which is, that 
the stamens are supported on five projecting bridges or valves 
crossing the mouth of the tube, much in the same way as 
those of Campanula arise from the points of arched valves at 
the bottom of the tube: betwixt these valves appear five, 
transparent, yellowish cells. 

Convolvulus involucratus of Willdenow is a native of 
Guinea, and a specimen of it is preserved in the Banksian 


herbarium, which was collected in that country by Professor 
Afzelius. As far as we can judge from an imperfect speci- 
men, and a description not more perfect, we cannot think 
that our plant is the same as that ; we therefore prefer the 
name by which it is recorded in the catalogue of the Calcutta 
garden, and under which we received a specimen of the same 
species from the late Dr. Heyne; in which the peduncles 
were constantly single-flowered as in both Mr. Herbert's 
and Sir Abraham Hume's plants. 

Our drawing was made from a sketch of a seedling plant 
by the Hon. William Herbert, transmitted to us with a 
flower and part of the foliage, early in May 1819. 

( 2206 ) 


3ge # ft % % ft -^^MNHMMfr^HHs- 
Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 
Stigma latere inferiore transverse barbatum. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Vicia onobrychioides ; pedunculis multifloris folio longioribus, 
floribus distantibus, foliolis linearibus, stipulis semisa- 
g-ittatis lineari lanceolatis basi dentatis. Willd. Sp. PL 3. 
p. 1099. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 4. p. 312. 

Vicia onobrychioides; pedunculis multifloris,, floribus distanti- 
bus, foliolis linearibus, stipulis inferne denticulatis. Sp. 
PL 1036. Allion. pedem. n. 1198. t. 42./. 1. Desfont. 
Atl. 2. p. 163. De Cand. Flor. franc. 4. p. 591. 

Vicia foliis ellipticis, floribus racemosis erectis, stipulis argute 
dentatis. Hall. Hist. n. 425. 

Vicia onobrychidis flore. Bauh. Pin. 345. — prodr. 149. 

Descr. Root annual. Stems climbing-, square. Leaves 
pinnate, terminated with a branched tendril : leaflets linear, 
obtuse, mucrouate, from ten to fourteen. Stipules semisa- 
gittate, toothed at the base; superior ones frequently cuspidate. 
Peduncles axillary, twice the length of the leaves. Flowers 
in a secund raceme, large, distant. Calyx bilabiate : teeth 
acute, those of the lower lip longer than the upper. Vexillum 
much longer than the ate and carina. Stamens all united. 
Germen linear, straight, many-seeded. Style rising at a right 
angle. Stigma obovate, hairy all round. 

Vicia onobrychioides resembles Vicia Cracea in habit and 
foliage, but is at once distinguished from it by the much 
greater size and paucity of the blossoms, and by the propor- 
tionate shortness of the ate. In as much as the stigma is 


hairy all round, and not on the under side only, and the 
filaments are all connected, it even deviates from the 
characters of the genus. 

An ornamental, hardy annual. Flowers in May, June, 
and July. Introduced in 1789 by Mr. John Hunniman. 
Communicated by Mr. Jenkins from his Botanical garden in 
the New-Road. 


1\ A 

^ V 


( 2207 ) 

Saxifraga irrigua. Fountain Saxifrage 


Class and Order. 
Decandria Digynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-partitus. Cor. 5-petala. Caps. 2-rostris, 1 -locularis, 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Saxifraga irrigua; foliis palmato-quinquepartitis: lobis in- 
cisis; caulinis digitalis, caule paniculato diffuso, petalis 
oblong-is calyce plus duplo longioribus, stylis fihformibus 
Marsch. a laur-cauc. v. 2. p. 460. — v. 3. p. 295. 
Poir. Suppl. encycl. v. 5. p. 75. 

Saxifraga aquatica. Ft. taur-cauc. n. 784; nomine inter 
addenda mutato. 

Saxifraga petrcea; foliis radicalibus palmato-quinquepartitis: 
lobis lateralibus coalcscentibus multifidis, caule paniculato 
laxo. Gouan Il/ustr. p. 29. t. 18. / 3 ?? 

Saxifraga irrigua. Marsh. Cent. pi. rar. ross. 2. t. 13. 
Steven de saxifr. cauc. in. Mem. Mosq. 4. p. 82 n. 12. 

The whole plant is covered with glandular hairs, which 
secrete a viscid juice. 

The figure quoted from Gouan's illustrations,, though said 
by Marschall, in his Flora taurico-caucasica, to be a good 
representation, is very doubtful, and probably belongs to 
Saxifraga aquatica, which this excellent botanist at first con- 
sidered lo be the same species with his plant, afterwards 
separated from it under the name of irrigua. We have not 
been able to see the figure in the Century of rare Russian 
plants by the same author : that part not being yet arrived 
in this country as far as we have learnt. 

Our drawing was made from a plant raised in the Chelsea 
garden from seeds, sent by Dr. Fischer from Gorenki, and 
communicated to us by Mr. Anderson, the worthy Curator 
of that excellent establishment. 


( 2208 ) 
Crinum defixum. Deep-rooted Crinum. 

C7<m *md Order. 
Hexandria Monogvnia. 

Generic Character. 

Tubus cylindricus, genuine directe continuatus eoque 
gracilior, limbo saepe longior, emarcescente limbo plerumque 
magna parte persistens. Limbus ante expansionem nutans vel 
inclinatus. Lacinice alternae aequales, caeteris saepe dispares. 
Filamenta, vix extra faucem tubi, corollas pariter inserta. 
Stigma trigonum, plerumque vix divisum, aliquatido trilo- 
batum. Gertnen media parte crassius, 3-locular;, loculis 
1 — 31-spermis, sessile vel pedunculo directe coniinuatum. 
Capsula difformis, dissepimentorum destructione 1-2 iocularis. 
Semina carnosa, viridia, saepius magna et difformia. 

Folia plerumque multiforia. W. H. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Crinum defixum; bulbooblongo. foliis rigentererectismarginc 
glabriusculis scapo longionbus, laciniis lineari-Ioratis tubo 
brevioribus, germinie subsessili. 

Crinum defixum, supra N. 2121. p. 5. Ker in Journ. Sc. and 
Arts. v. S. p. 105. 

Crinum asiaticum. Hort. Bengal, p. 23. Roxburg M. S. 

Belutta-pola-taly. Rheede Hort. Malab. 11. 75. t. 38. 

Descr. Bulb stoloniferous, oblong-spherical, about two 
inches diameter above ground, when cultivated bright green : 
growing naturally in the deep mud of water-courses in 
Bengal, in which situation the neck of the bulb is necessarily 
prolonged till it reaches the surface in a cylindrical form. 
Leaves shining, from two to three feet long, with a tapering 
blunt point, about an inch wide, the lower part deeply chan- 
nelled like a half cylinder, the margin bristled with a few 
minute points. Scape generally shorter than the leaves, 
coloured on one side. Germen without peduncle : cells ori- 
ginally one or two seeded. Tube from three and a half to 
perhaps six inches long, tinged with red. Limb nodding 
before its expansion and faintly coloured on the outside. 
Lacinice a little more than a quarter of an inch wide^ more or 

less than three inches long-, white. Fila?7icnts spreading in 
the channels of the corresponding petals with their points 
curved inwards; anthers dark brown, versatile; pollen orange. 
Style inclined, coloured as well as the filaments one half of its 
length, and both an inch shorter than the limb. Stigma a 
whitish fimbriated point, when perfect minutely three-lobed, 
like that of C. flaceidum. Umbel with six to ten flowers, 
fragrant at night. Seeds flatter than in most species. 

Dr. Roxburgh observes that although the germen is sub- 
sessile, the capsule is occasionally protruded on a short 
peduncle. In our plant the germen and ripe capsules were 
absolutely sessile; in Crinum erubeseens however, of which 
the germen is in general almost sessile, that of a seventh 
central flower is occasionally on a peduncle nearly two inches 
long ; so that it is very possible that Crinum dejixum may vary 
in the manner he. has stated. 

This very elegant species thrives in our stoves with the 
bulb entirely above ground and stript of all its obsolete coats, 
Mnder which treatment it is of the same glossy green as the 
leaves. In the summer time it should be plunged in water 
just deep enough to cover the bulb. Strong bulbs will flower 
twice between June and October. The length of the tube of 
Crinum dejixum varies much in different flowers produced 
by the same bulb ; in our specimen it was three inches and 
a half. In all the species of Crinum of which the limb nods 
before its expansion, the tube appears to be permanent while 
the seed is ripening; in those of which the limb is only inclined 
without nodding, the tube perishes in great part and sometimes 
entirely. The nodding and inclination of the limb do not take 
place if the plants are removed into a low temperature ; and 
it seems probable that in the species of which the tube is very 
strong, it resists the influence of the light and heat which in 
that case acts upon the limb entirely ; while in those, of which 
the tube is less rigid, it yields a little, and the limb is less power- 
fully affected. It is a singular feature of the genus Crinum 
that some species have the cells originally monospermous, some 
two seeded, some four seeded, and others polyspermous, but 
with so much variation that C. flaceidum has seven ovula in 
each cell and C. capense, which is closely allied to it, from 
twenty-seven to thirty-one in each cell ; and that the monos- 
permous and polyspermous sorts breed as freely together as 
those which might be thought more nearly allied. W. H- 

For the whole of this article, as well as for the drawing, 
we are indebted to the Rev. and Hon. William Herbert. 

a. The bulb, natural size with a stolon issuing from it. b. A teed- 
c. A miniature of the wkole plant, shewing the line of water. 

Jim^rtt. .v^.^eh mj,.^»^ 

( 2209 ) 


or Castor-oil plant. 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Masc. Cal. 5-partitus. Cor. 0. Stamina numcrosa. 
Fem. Cal. 3-partitus. Cor. 0. Styli 3, bifid i. Caps. 
3-locularis. Scm. I. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Ricinus communis; foliis peltatis palmatis: lobis lanceolatis 

serratis, stigmatibus tribus bifidis bipartitisve, capsulis 

Ricinus communis; foliis peltatis subpalmatis serratis. Lin. 

Sp. PI. U30.—MM. icon. t. 219 & 220. 
Ricinus communis; foliis peltatis palmatis, lobis lanceolatis 

serratis., caule herbaceo pruinoso. stigmatibus tribus 

apice bifidis., capsulis echinatis. Willd. Sp. PI A. p. 564. 
Ricinus foliis peltatis scrratis: petiolis gland uliferis. Hort. 

Cliff. 450. Hort. lips. 289. Philos. Bot. p. 25G. 

Regnault Bot. 
Ricinus albus. Rumph. Amb. 4. p. 92. 
Ricinus vulgaris. Bauh. Pin. 439. Blackw. Herb. t. 148. 

Cam. Epil. 959. Dod. Pempt. 367. Raj. Hist. 166. 

Park. Theatr. 182. Fuchs Hist. ic. 340. 
Ricinus gallis Palma Christi. Lob. Hist. 392. Lob. ic. 688. 

Gerard emac. 496. 
Ricinus minor. Hort. Eystt. ord. eestiv. 8. t. 11. 
Avanacu. Hort. Malab. 2. t. 32. 

The older Botanists gave this plant the name of Ricinus 
from the similarity which the seed bears to the Tick, which 
loathsome animal has the same name in latin. 

It is doubtful whether there is in reality any specific 


difference between the communis, viridis, afrlcanus and 
lividus; of which Willdenow makes as many distinct 
species. It seems that though an annual in temperate 
climates., it becomes a moderate- sized tree not only in tropical 
countries, but, as was observed both by Clusius and Ray, 
also in the southern parts of Europe. Miller thought that 
among the annual kinds which he cultivated himself in the 
Chelsea garden, he observed several species, which always 
kept distinct, when raised from seed year after year. Perhaps 
a greater attention to the stigmas and the fruit, with an 
opportunity of proving by cultivation, how far the characters 
are permanent, may decide otherwise ; but at present we 
feel obliged to consider our plant as the Ricinus com- 
munis; although the stigmas are divided quite to the base, 
so that they might be numbered as six distinct stigmas; which 
in Regnault's figure appear bifid at the point only. 

Of the modern figures, that of Regnault is the best. But 
in none of those that we have seen the stigmas are represented 
so much like those of our plant, as in the ancient one of Fuchs, 
published nearly 300 years ago. All the other figures of the 
older Botanists are copied from that of Dodon^eus, except 
Besler's in the Hortus Eystettensis. 

The oil which has been so much used of late years, as an 
efficacious, and at the same time gentle laxative, under the 
name of Castor oil is prepared from the seeds of this plant. 

Ricinus communis is a native of both the Indies, and per- 
haps of the south of Europe. Cultivated in England in 1548. 
Flowers in June, July and August. Our drawing was taken 
by Sydenham Edwards, at the Chelsea garden, several 
years ago. 

( 2210 ) 

Veronica orchidea. Orchis-flowered 

< Mh M i ♦ # ###4MHJHMHMHfr 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cor. limbo 4-partito: lacinia infima angustiore. Caps. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Veronica orchidea; foliis oblongis crenatis obtusis cauleque 
pubescente, spica terminali, laciniis corollas linearibus 
tortuosis antheras superantibus. Wahlenb. FL carpat. 
p. 4. 

> eronica orchidea ; foliis oppositis cauleque pubescentibus ; 
radicalibus oblongo-obovatis crenatis in petiolum decur- 
rentibus; caulinis oblongis crenato-serratie subsessilibus, 
laciniis corollae lanceolatis acutis tortuoso-conniventibus. 
Besser Galic. n. 13. Flor. taur.-cauc. 3. p. 9. Roem. 
et Sch. Syst. veg. 1. p. 94. n. 28. 

Desc. Stem upright, rounded, somewhat rough. Leaves 
opposite, crossed, in distant pairs, sessile, lanceolate, crenate 
serrate, veined, fleshy, smooth on the upper and roughish on 
the under surface. Flowers violet-coloured, ©n long terminal 
spikes. Bractes linear, longer than the calyx. Calyx of 
tour ovate, ciliated leaflets, the two lower ones longer than 
the upper. Corolla irregular, tube gibbous: lacinicc four: 
upper one broad at the base, acuminated, the other three 
linear, variously twisted, all emarginate : faux hairy. Stamens 
on very short filaments: anthers large, purple, didymous 
u '»th the lobes united at the apex only, just appearing above 
r| »e orifice of the tube. Germen nearly globular. Style 
shorter than calyx. Stigma obtu- 

It is doubted,, both by Wahlenberg and Marschal v. 
Bieberstein, whether this plant is not a mere variety of 
Veronica spicata. We cannot but think, however, that it 
is decidedly distinct, not only from the slender tortuous 
laciniae and the greater length of the bractes, but espe- 
cially from the extreme shortness of the stamens; the anthers 
but just emerging from the faux of the corolla and lying close 
together at the base of the upper and broader laciniae; which, 
occasioning a sort of resemblance to the flower of an orchis, 
gave rise as we suppose, to the specific name. It must be 
observed, however, that according to the last-mentioned 
author, these characters are not constant. 

We believe that no figure was (before) extant of this plant, 
and that it is quite new in this country, being raised by Mr. 
Kent, of Clapton, from seeds received by him from Dr. 
Fischer, of Gorenki, in 1819. 

A hardy perennial, native of Caucasus, and of the Carpa- 
thian mountains, growing in warm and dry situations. Com- 
municated by Mr. Kent, in July 1820. 



( 2211 ) 
Symphoria racemosa. Snow-Berry. 

4HhMhM> -sNNjHjt- ######### 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Germen 4-loculare : loculis 2, polyspermis, sterilibus ; 2 
monospermis, fertilibus. Bacca coronata. Cor. tubulosa, 
brevis, 5-fida, subaequalis. Cal. 5-dentatus. Brown. 
Ijonicerce sp. Lin. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Symphoria racemosa; racemo interrupto subterminali, co- 
rolla intus barbata. 

Symphoria racemosa; racemo terminali, corolla intus bar- 
bata. Per soon Syn. 1. p. 214. Michaux Flor. Bor. 
Amer. \.p. 107. Pursh Fl. Amer-sept. 1. p. 162. 

Symphoria racemosa. Lodd. Cab. 230. Nuttall Gen. PL 
Amer. 1. p. 139. 

Caprifolium, Periclymenum, Cham^cerasus, Xylos- 
teon and Diervilla of Tournefort, as well as Svmphori- 
carpos of Dillenius were united by Linn^us into one genus, 
under the name of Lonicera. Later botanists, however, 
seem generally to concur in restoring- the three last to the 
rank of distinct genera. 

Our present plant belongs to Dillenius's genus Symphori- 
carpos, changed by Persoon to Symphoria; a genus esta- 
blished from Symphoria conglomerata, the Lonicera Sym- 
phoricarpos of Linnaeus. 

Symphoria racemosa was first mentioned by Michaux, 
and a figure of it has been lately published by Messrs. Lod- 
diges and Sons in their Botanical Cabinet, where it is stated, 
that they first received it in the spring of 1818, from Mr 
Robert Carr. 

Descr. A low bushy shrub ; bark of the branches bnghtisli 
brown. Leaves opposite, round-ovate with a mucro, mostly 
quite entire, but on the lower part of the shrub sometimes 


irregularly notched, smooth, glaucous. Flowers grow on the 
slender, terminal branches in pairs, at first distant, but 
toward the extremities crowded together, supported on very 
short pedicles; sometimes the branch becomes leafy beyond 
the flowers. Calyx superior 5-toothed, as it often, if not 
generally, is in S. conglomerata, though described to be 
4-toothed. Corolla rose-coloured, campanulate; limb 5-cleft, 
obtuse: faux filled with hairs, below which the tube abounds 
with honey. Stamens 5, inserted at the upper part of the 
tube, shorter than the corolla with the laciniae of which they 
alternate. Germen ovate, with two or three small bractes 
applied close to its base. Mr. Brown has observed that it is 
four-celled, 2 of the cells bearing each several ovula, but 
which are always abortive; the other two have each a single 
seed, which alone come to maturity. An analogous circum- 
stance takes place, he observes, also in the fruit of LinnjEA, 
and of Abelia, two nearly related genera belonging to the 
same family, the caprifoliace<E ; in both which the germen is 
3-celled, two of the cells having several imperfect ovula, and 
the other a single ovulum, which alone comes to maturity.* 

The mature berry of Symphoria racemosa appears to be 
only 2-celled, the expansion of the fertile cells obliterating 
the others. Each cell contains a kidney-shaped seed, much 
smaller than the cavity containing it. 

Native of Upper Canada, and the banks of the Missouri. 
Flowers in July, August and September, succeeded by large 
snow-white berries, which hang till the approach of winter 
It is perfectly hardy. Communicated in July last by Messrs. 
Whitley, Brame and Milne, of the Fulham Nursery. 

• U ide J*" 5 "*?" and descriptions of three new species of plants, found 
m China, by Clarke Abel, Esq. by Robert Brown, F. R. S. 



( 2212 ) 

Gastrolobium bilobum. Two-lobed 

Class and Order. 

Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-fidus, bilabiatus, ebracteatus. Cor. papilionacea, 
petalis longitudine subasqualibus. Germen dispermum, 
pedicellatum. Stylus subulatus, adsendens. Stigma simplex. 
Legumen ventricosum Semina strophiolata. Brown. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Gastrolobium bilobum; foliis (uncialibus) subtus subse- 
riceis retusis; lobulis rotundatis mucronulo longioribus, 
leguminis pedicello tubum calycis aequante. Brown in 
Hort. Kew ed. alt 3. p. 16. Boi. Reg. 411. 

Gastrolobium bilobum, is a handsome shrub which blos- 
soms freeiy in the summer months, bearing" its flowers in ter- 
minal umb Is, which are surrounded in manner of an invo- 
lucrum, by the fine green foliage, siiky underneath. The 
other leaves grow in irregular whorls on the stem. 

The specific character was framed by Mr. Brown, to 
distinguish it from another species collected by him, in which 
the leaves are truncated at the point. 

Native of the South-west coast of New Holland, where it 
was discovered by Mr. Robert Brown. Introduced into 
the Kew Garden in 1803. Communicated by Messrs. Lod- 
MGE8 and Sons, in July last. 

( 2213 ) 
Hedysarum alpinum. Alpine Hedysarum. 


Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-fidus. Cor. carina transverse obtusa. Lomentum 
articulis monospermis compressis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Hedysarum alpinum; caulescens erectum, foliis pinnatis 
ovato-lanceolatis glabris, racemis elong"atis axillaribus, 
bracteis pedunculo brevioribus, articulis lomenti penduli 
glabris. Willd. Sp. PL 3. p. 1207. 

Hedysarum alpinum; foliis pinnatis, leguminibus articulatis 
glabris pendulis. Sp. PL 1057. Hort. Upsal. 232. 

Hedysarum saxatile, siliqua laevi, floribus purpureis, inodo- 
rum. Amm. Ruth. 116. n. 152. 153. 

Hedysarum foliis pinnatis, leguminibus articulatis glabris pen- 
dulis, caule erecto. Gmel. Sib. 4-. p. 26. n. 35. t. 10. 

Descr. Stem tall, branched, fluted. Leaves odd-pinnate ; 
leaflets about twelve pair, ovate, obtuse with a small mucro, 
ribbed with parallel veins on the under side. Flowers crim- 
son, in long racemes, on foot stalks longer than the leaves. 
Calyx 5-toothed : two upper teeth shortest, the lowest one 
longer than the rest. Vexillum rolled back at the sides. 
Alee not half the length of the carina. Stamens diadelphous: 
anthers didymous. Style filiform: stigma very small, capitate. 
Germen shorter by half than the sheath of filaments, having 
many ovula in distinct cells. Seed-pod jointed. 

This is a very ornamental plant from the brilliant colour 
of the flowers, which are produced abundantly from May to 

A hardy 

A hardy perennial. Native of Siberia. Not recorded in 
the last edition of the Hortus Kewensis ; Hedysarum alpinum 
of the first edition having been determined to be the same 
with H. obscurum of Linnaeus, a native of Switzerland, 
figured at No. 282 of this work. The species under con- 
sideration is much larger and handsomer 

Communicated from Mr. Knight's Exotic Nursery in the 
King's-Road in May 1819. 


( 2214 ) 

Lebeckia nuda. Naked Lebeckia. 

$ fi ♦♦ ♦ » ♦ ft ♦ j | i ♦ ♦ »♦♦# ■ ♦ fi fr 

C/ass flwrf Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-partitus: Iaciniis acutis; sinubus rotundatis. Legu- 
men cylindricum, polyspermum. 

Specific Character. 

Lebeckia nuda; subaphylla, ramulis alternis teretibus mu- 
cronatis, racemis axillaribus, corollis calycibus pedicellis 
que concoloribus. 

Descr. Shrub between two and three feet high., upright : 
branchlets (probably in reality the footstalks of a compound 
leaf, the leaflets of which are mostly abortive) rounded, ter- 
minated with a soft mucro : leaflets only here and there a 
defective one, ovate, recurved. Flowers purple, on axillary 
racemes, longer than the branchlet. Pedicles nodding, equal 
to or longer than the calyx, which is cupshaped, with five 
acute teeth all pointing downwards, whence the two upper ones 
are distant with a wide rounded sinus between them. Corolla 
papilionaceous, red-purple, as are the calyx and pedicle. Vex- 
ilium erect, spreading, obovate, having a streaked star at the 
base and very short claw. Alee the length of the vexillum, 
rounded at the base. Petals of the Carina joined together 
at the apex, prolonged at the base into long, subulate, recurved 
spurs, whence the claw appears to be in the middle of the 
Petal. Stamens diadelphous ; anthers minutely awned, by 
the point of the filament projecting beyond its lobes. Germen 
linear ; many seeded : style rising at a right angle : stigma 
capitate, lobed. 

Raised from Cape-seeds in the year 1814, by Messrs. Whit 
l ey, Brame, and Milne, at the Fulham Nursey, and commu- 

nicated to us in flower in October 1819, under the name of 
Lebeckia contaminata ; but it in no respect corresponds 
with Thunberg's character of that species, nor indeed with 
the description of any recorded species, so that we are obliged 
to consider it as one hitherto undescribed. 


( 2215 ) 


Class and Order. 
Decandria Pentagynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-phyllus. Petala unguibus connexa. Stain, inaequa- 
lia : 5 breviora exteriora, basi connata. Caps, angulis dehis- 
cens, 5-gona. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Oxalis violacea; scapo umbellifero, foliis ternatis obcordatis, 

calycibus apice callosis. Sp. PL 621. J acq. Hort. 2. p. 

84. t. 180. 
Oxalis violacea; acaulis, scapo bifido umbellifero, floribus 

nutantibus, foliis ternatis obcordatis glabris, stylis stami- 

nibus exterioribus brevioribus. Willd. Sp. PL 2. p. 786. 

Pursh FL Am. Sept. 1. p. 322. Hort. Kcw. ed. alt. 3. 

p. 122. 
Oxalis violacea; foliis ternatis obsolete villosis, stylis brevissi- 

mis, filamentis interioribus aequalibus, floribus clausis 

cernuis, expansis erectis. J acq. Oxal. n. 14. p. 35. 

t. 80. f. 2. 
Oxalis violacea; scapis umbelliferis foliis ternatis ciliatis : 

foliolis obcordatis subemarginatis. Lam. Encycl. 4. p. 

686. n. 26. 
Oxalis violacea ; scapo radicali umbellifero, pedicellis sub- 

viscido-pubentibus, calycis Iaciniis apice callo croceo, 

corolla violacea. Michaux FL Bor. Amer. 2. p. 39. 
Oxys purpurea virginiana, radice lilii more nucleata. Pluk. 

Aim. 274. t. 102. / 4. 

Oxalis violacea is a native of North America, from New 
England to Carolina. The leaves are smooth, varying with 
regard to colour, sometimes quite purple on the under surface, 


sometimes only slightly tinged ; in plants that do not flower 
they grow much larger and are marked with an obscure-purple 
band on the upper surface also. They have a pleasant acid 
taste like our wood sorrel. Scapes longer than the leaves, ter- 
minated with a simple or divided umbel of pale-purple flowers, 
which are erect while expanded, but cernuous both before and 
after expansion. According to Plukenet a capitulum of bulbs 
is sometimes formed after the flowers drop, as in the Crow- 
Garlick. In the flowers we examined, the pubescent style 
was twice the length of the longest stamens, but we are well 
convinced that the comparative length of the style and stamens 
is too variable a character to be depended upon to distinguish 
the species by. 

Introduced in 1772, by Dr. Samuel Martin. Flowers 
most part of the summer. Communicated by Mr. Joseph 
Knight of the Exotic Nursery, King's-road, in July last. 
Hardy, but it is safer to give it the protection of a frame in 
the winter season. 


A}.J r .fii«* ) .T6V,rt*.. F.t. t , 

( 2216 ) 
Drypis spinosa. Prickly Drypis. 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Trygynia. 
Generic Character. 
Cal. 5-dentatus. Petala 5. Caps, circumscissa, monosperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Drypis spinosa. Sp. PL 390. Willd. 1. 1 5 13. Per soon 

Syn. 1. p. 331. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 2. p. 175. J acq. 

Hort. Find. 1. p. 19. t. 49. Scop. Cam. 1. p. 225. 

Gaert. sern. 2. p. 218. t. 128. / 12. 
Drypis spinosa ; foliis oppositis subulatis, stipulis lanceolatis 

dentato-spinosis. Lam. illustr. v. 2. p. 550. t. 214. 
Drypis italica aculeata, floribus albis umbellatis compactis. 

Mich. Gen. 24. t. 23. 
Drypis Spina alba foliis vidua. Bauh. Pin. 388. 
Drypis Theophrasti Anguillarae. Lob. Hist. 460. Ed. Germ. 

965. Lob. ic. 780. / 1. 
Drypis Ger. emac. 1112! 

Carduus foliis tcnuissime spinosis ad instar Juniperi. Morison 
- Hist. 3. p. 161. § 7. t.32.f.S. 

Descr. Stem weak, diffuse; branched, knotted: joints 
hollowed on one side, convex on the other, each changing 
alternately ; said to be biennial, but according' to others be- 
coming shrubby ; the arid branches of one year throwing out 
green branches the next. Leaves opposite, subulate, flat on 
the upper and convex on the under side, spinescent; superior 
ones lanceolate, toothed at the base. Flowers pink-coloured 
or white, aggregate in dichotomous corymbs. Calyx tubular, 
5-toothed. Corolla of five narrow bifid petals with long slen- 
der claws, crowned at the faux with two scales like those of 
the genus Silene. Stamens 5, equalling the petals. Germcn 


round, somewhat flattened, one-celled with two ovula affixed 
to the bottom of the cell ; only one of which probably comes 
to maturity, as the capsule is described to be one-seeded. 
Styles 3. Stigmas simple. 

Few plants are more difficult to handle with naked fingers 
than this, every leaf being armed with a sharp spine which 
with age becomes very rigid ; yet the Ass eats it greedily, 
. whence its vulgar name in its native countries signifies in 
English Asses herb. Native of Barbary and Italy. Flowers 
with us from June to September, in the open ground. In- 
troduced by Nicholas Joseph de Jacquin, M. D. in 1775. 
Communicated by Mr. William Anderson from the Chelsea 

The outline figures represent 1. a stamen, 2. a petal, 3 a 
side view of the same, 4. the pistil and the calyx; all somewhat 


( 221 ? ) 

Crinum Speciosum. Specious-flowered 


Class and Order. 

Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Tubus cylindricus, germine directe continuatus eoque gra- 
cilior, limbo saepe longior, emarcescente limbo plerumque 
magna parte persistens. Limbus ante expansionem nutans 
vel inclinatus. Lacinice alternae sequales, caeteris saepe dis- 
pares. Filamenta, vix extra faucem tubi, corolla? pariter 
inserta. Stigma trigonum vel trilobatum. Germen media 
parte crassius, 3-locu!are, loculis 1 — 31-spermis, sessile vel 
pedunculo directe continuatum. Capsula saepe diflbrmis, 
dissepimentorum destructione 1 — 2-locularis. Semina car- 
nosa, viridia, saepius magna et difformia. Folia plerumque 
multifaria. Vide supra No. 2121. W. H. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Crinum speciosum ; bulbo sphaerico, foliis Ioratis undulatis 
margine scabris apice obliquo acutis gcapo subterete 
multifloro longioribus, germine sessili : loculis mono- 

Crinum speciosissimum. Supra No. 2121, p. 6. 

Descr. Bulb large, sphaerical, reddish. Leaves multi- 
farious, undulate, thong-like with a sharp oblique point, 2 or 
3 feet long, 2 inches wide, deep green, with a rough margin. 
Scape roundish, 2 feet high or more, green, reddish towards 
the base. Spathe short, withering early. Umbel 7 — 20 
flowered, interspersed with bractes. Flowers fragrant. Tube 
w «th obsolete angles, 3 — 4 inches long, green, minutely 
'narked with red, withering with the limb. Limb wide- 
fun n el -.shaped, 

funnel-shaped, with the points bent back, drooping before 
expansion. Lacinia white, striped outside with red and 
greenish towards the base, ending- with a hook, 3^ inches 
long, the three inner not an inch, the three outer more than 
an inch wide. Filaments white, curved upwards; anthers 
ash coloured ; pollen very pale yellow ; style curved like the 
filaments and of the same length, red towards the end; stigma 
a white triangular point, a little divided. Germen short, 
sessile. Cells one-seeded, a. represents a ripe seed ; b. a 
miniature of the whole plant. 

This species was first discovered by Dr. Carey in the North 
of Bengal ; in foliage it very much resembies Crinum moluc- 
cannm, but it is a plant of larger stature, and it may be easily 
distinguished in a young state, by a much slenderer and some- 
what oblique point to the leaf. 

It requires the earth in which it grows to be kept constantly 
moist, though it is not so impatient of sunshine as moluccanum. 
It thrives well with a pan of moist sand under it upon a warm 
flue, and flowers freely, especially in the autumn, usually pro- 
ducing two successive scapes. 

It is worthy of observation, that although it nearly agree? 
with C. capense in the form of the corolla, and in the perish- 
able tube of which scarcely J of an inch is persistent, the cells 
which in capense are from 27 to 31 seeded, are in this species 
1 -seeded. The number of ovules varies exceedingly in the 
different species of most genera of Amaryllideae, and cannot 
be relied upon as a generic character. 

It is observable that in some specimens, or perhaps in a 
variety of C. Broussoneti, differing in no other respect, the 
stigma is very deeply 3-cieft. The greater or less division of 
a stigma which is angular or lobed appears to be a very un- 
certain feature. The various species of Crinum differ much 
in the greater or less width and expansion of the laciniae, but 
there is quite as much difference between the breadth of the 
outer and inner laciniae in the narrower C. erubescens as in 
C. speciosu?n-or any of the broad sorts. That the lacinia? of 
the narrower sorts become pendulous or revolute, is probably 
owing to the want of breadth to support their length, upon 
the same principle that makes a slender slip of paper curl or 
hang down while a broader one remains straight. 

Was. Herbert. 


( 2218 ) 

Calendula chrysanthemifolia. Large- 
Flowered Marygold. 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Recept. nudum. Pappus 0. Cal polyphyllus, asqualis. 
Sem. disci merabranacea. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Calendula chrysanthemifolia ; foliis cuneato-obovatis lyrato- 
incisis scabriusculis, caule fruticoso erecto. Hovt. Kew. 
ed. alt. o. p. 169. Bot Reg. 40. 

Calendula chrysanthemifolia ; foliis obovatis sublyratis sca- 
briusculis, caule suftruticoso. Vent. Malm. 56. Pers. 
Syn. 2. p. 492. Lam. Encycl. 7. p. 278. 

This shewy shrub has very much the habit of Osteosper- 
mum, and was formerly known in our gardens under the name 
©f Osteospermum grandiflorum. M. Ventenat, who first 
described this plant as a species of Calendula considers it as 
partaking- of the characters of both genera, and speaks of the 
florets of the disk being all barren ; we did not however find 
that to be the case in our plant, very many of the florets of 
the disk having as perfect ovaria as those of the radius. 

According to Ventenat the flowers open about eleven in 
the forenoon, and close again by three or four in the after- 
noon ; they are the largest in the genus, but scarcely so 
large as this author describes them, when he says they are 
twice the size of those of the China Aster. 

Native of the Cape of Good Hope, requiring the protection 
or the Greenhouse in the winter season. Flowers freeiy most 
part of the summer. Our drawing was made many years ngo 
in the month of April, from a plant in the nursery at Ken- 
*'ngton, at that time belonging to Messrs. Grimwood and 
♦Vykes. Introduced by Mr. Masson in the year 1790. 



Ai- tj. t. r«**uw*z~ C '&..Mi Lr *K^ fa 

( 2219 ) 
Arabis nutans. Nodding Wall-cress. 


Class and Order. 

Tetradynamia Siliquosa. 

Generic Character. 

SUiqua linearis stigmate subsessili coronata : valvis venosis 
v. nervosis. Semina uniseriata. Cotyledones accumbentes. 
Calyx erectus. Brown in Hort. Kew. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Arabis nutans; foliis subdentatis; radicalibus obovatis utrin- 
que pilosis scabris; caulinis ovalibus, raccmo subnutante. 
Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 4. p. 105. 

Arabis nutans ; foliis subdentatis ; radicalibus obovatis ; 
caulinis lanceolatis, caule folioso, racemo fructifero nu- 
tante, siliquis secundis. Willd. Sp PI 3. p. 537. 

Arabis nutans; racemo seminifero erecto apice nutante, foliis 
subdentatis ciliatis; radicalibus obovatis ; caulinis oblon- 
gis glabris amplexicaulibus, siliquis erectis subsecundis. 
Moench Method, p. 258 

Arabis pumila; foliis radicalibus obovatis subdentati/obtusis 
utrinque scabris; caulinis sessilibus oblong-is subhirsutis, 
racemo subnutante. Wulfen in Jacq. Collect. 2 p. 59. 
Jacq Austr. t.2S\. 

Arabis scabra. Allioni Ped. n. 974. 

Leucoium foliis radicalibus subrotundis scabris dentatis; cau- 
linis amplexicaulibus hirsutis. Hall. Hist. n. 447. 

Cardamine pumila bellidis folio alpina. Seguir Veron. 387. 

Cardamines alterius aemula plantula. Clus. Hist. 2. p. 129? 
Mor. Hist. § 3. t. 4. / 4 ? 

Arabis nutans is the pumila of Jacquin, under which 
name it is most generally known ; but Moench having pre- 
viously described it under that of nutans, this name has the 


right of priority, and is accordingly adopted by Willdenow 
and in the Hortus Kewensis. Linnaeus considered this species 
to be the same as his bellidif'oUa, but most botanists, who have 
collected the plants in their native soil, agree in regarding 
them as quite distinct. Arabis nutans grow.- on the highest 
alps near to the region of perpetual snow ; betlidifolia on the 
borders of springs and rivulets formed by the melted snow 
in less elevated situations. But after all we have found it 
impossible to select satisfactorily the synonyms as applied by 
different authors to one or the other. 

Our plant possessed none of the roughness of the pumila of 
Jacquin ; but this may be lost by cultivation. It agrees well 
with Moench's description of his nutans, but not so well 
with that of Jacquin's pumila by Wulfen ; and indeed we 
entertain some doubts whether these authors describe the 
same species. Communicated by Mr. Knight of the Exotic 
Nursery, King's Road. 

-i*i*4 , %y. X <A*rtx+ TH^ra rfLl^Att^. 

( 2220 ) 
Arum spirale. Spiral-flowered Arum. 

»»»♦♦♦»♦»♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ » ♦♦ 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Spatha monophylla, cucullata. Spadix supra nudus, infernc 
femineus, medio stamineus. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Arum spirale; foliis lineari-lanceolatis, spadice lanceolato spa- 
tha oblongo-lanceolata spiraliter torta breviore. WiUd. 
Sp. PL 4. p. 487. 

Arum spirale; acaule, foliis lanceolatis spatha spirali sessili. 
Rets obs. 1. p. 30. n. 104. 

Our drawing of this very rare plant was taken, by the late 
Mr. Sydenham Edwards, at Mr Vere's curious collection at 
Kensington Gore; but we had no opportunity of examining 
the living plant. The spadix is said by Retz to be very 
short, which is probably the reason that it does not appear in 
the drawing; neither is it at all visible in the specimens pre- 
served in the Banksian Herbarium. According to Retz the 
Arum spirale is a native of Tranquebar. Mr. Vere's plant 
was supposed to come from China. 


( 2221 ) 

Nicotiana Langsdorffii. Langsdorff's 


Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monocynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cttr. infundibuliformis, limbo plicato. Stam. inclinata. 
Caps. 2-valvis, 2-locularis. 

Specific Character. 

Nicotiana Langsdorffii; herbacea, viscoso-villosa, foliis ovatis 
sessilibus decurrentibus, floribus cernuis: limbo subin- 
tegro tubo gibboso ter breviore. 

Nicotiana Langsdorfii; fruticosa, foliis ovatis in petiolum sub- 
decurrentem attenuatis cauleque villoso-mollibus, floribus 
cernuis, limbo subintegro. Hor.phys. Berol. t 10. 

Descr. Stem between two and three feet high, with us 
certainly herbaceous, clammy-pubescent. Leaves distant, oval, 
sessile, decurrent, gmooth and dark green on the upper surface, 
villous and pale on the under. Flowers yellowish -green, grow 
m thin, naked, upright panicles, on peduncles curved at the 
end, which become erect when the flowers drop. Calyx clam- 
my, five-toothed with one tooth longer than the rest. Tube 
of the corolla an inch long, curved, irregularly dilated at the 
end; limb generally oblique, obsoletely 5-lobed or nearly 
entire. Stamens included; anthers circular, flattened, two 
celled: pollen blue. Capsules erect, conical, two celled. 
Seeds globular. 

Our drawing of this rare species was made from a specimen 
»ent us from Mr. Lambert's garden at Boyton, in August 
1819. We saw it also last year in the Chelsea garden, 
flowering freely in the open ground. Native of Chili. 

J\ T 22Z2. 

( 2222 ) 

Yucca stricta. Lyon's Narrow-leaved 
Adam's Needle. 

Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 
Cor. campanulato-patens. Stylus 0. Caps. 3-locularis. 

Specific Character. 

YUCCA stricta ; acaulis, foliis Ianceolato-linearibus stric- 
tissimis apice elongatis, scapo basi ramoso: ramis simpli- 
cibus, corollis orbiculato-campanulatis. 

This, as we believe, hitherto unrecorded species, was 
introduced from Carolina a few years ago by the late Mr. 
Lyon, and appears to be the most desirable species of the 
whole genus, as it grows fast, and blossoms very freely in 
the open ground. The leaves are long, straight, and length- 
ened into a very tapering point, with a few scattered threads 
along the margin ; the scape is about four or five feet high, 
growing very upright, bearing many flowers of a more glo- 
bular form than those of any of the other species, and having 
several simple branches near the base. It has been supposed 
to be the angustifolia of Pursh, but is a much larger plant, 
and from comparing it with a specimen of the latter com- 
municated by our friend Mr. Lambert from his garden at 
Boy ton, seems to be a very distinct species. We have a 
drawing of this, the true angustifolia of Pursh, which we 
shall tuke an early opportunity of publishing. 

Our drawing of this valuable acquisition to our gardens 
was taken last July at the Fulham Nursery, Messrs. Whit- 
by, Brame, and Milne. 


vtfuJ i l8s 

( 2223 ) 


Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-fidus : lacinia infima elongata. Cor. alae inferius 
bilobae, Staminis majoris dentes tres breviores. Legumen 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Liparia vestita; floribus capitatis, foliis ovatis concavis subtus 

lanatis. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 4. p. 318. Willd. Sp. PL 3. 

p. 1115. Thunb. prodr. 124. Persoon Sj/n. 2. p. 309. 

Poir. Encycl. suppL I. p. 680. sub Borbonia. 
Liparia villosa. Bot. Repos. 382. 
Genista africana folio cochleariformi, flore luteo. Seb. Thes. 

I. p. 38. t. 24./ 1. 

Lamarck unites the genus Liparia with Borbonia, and 
remarks as a circumstance not a little singular., that Linnaeus 
should have joined the genera Polygonum, Fagopyrum, Per- 
sicaria and Bistorta into one, and at the same time have 
divided the genus Genista of the older botanists into several, 
distinguished by minute characters which hold good only in 
a few of the species. It may be observed however that the 
united genus Polygonum does not contain so many species 
as that of Aspalathus alone, and that however difficult it may 
be to find efficient characters to distinguish them by, there is 
so great a difference in habit, as, united to their number, im- 
periously to demand their separation. 

The very remarkable foliage of this shrub gives it a singular 
and striking appearance, making a pretty variety in the green- 
house, especially while the plant is young and vigorous ; for 
in old plants the stems become in part bare, and many of the 
leaves turned to a rusty brown colour. 


Liparia vestita was introduced into this country from the 
Cape of Good-Hope in the year 1800,, by George Hibbert, 
Esq. and our drawing was taken at his garden three or four 
years after. Flowers in May and June. 


( 2224 ) 

Sedum CjEruleum. Blue flowered 

•$-$•$-$-$• •*-*N6 h(hMhMmNMh|h|hJf 

Class and Order. 

Decandria Pentagynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-fidus. Cor. 5-petaIa. Squama nectariferae 5, ad 
basin germinis. Caps. 5. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Sect. Teretifolia. 
Sedum cceruleum ; foliis oblongis alternis obtusis basi solutis, 

cyma bifida glabra. Vahl. Symb. 2. p. 51. Willd. Sp. 

PL 2. p. 766. Persoon Syn. 1. p. 512. n. 26. Bot. 

Reg 520. 
Sedum azureum. Desfont. Atl. 1. p. 362. 

Desc. Stem branched, decumbent, smooth, spotted. Leaves 
alternate, distant, oblong-ovate, fleshy, convex below and flat- 
tish above, spotted; a very small part of the base not adherent 
to the stem. Flowers pale blue, growing sometimes in simple 
racemes, at others in dichotomous panicles, both terminal and 
axillary. Calyx, in the plant we examined, always seven-cleft, 
persistent and increasing in the fruit. Petals regularly seven. 
Stamens fourteen : seven longer, opposed to the petals, and 
seven shorter, opposed to the segments" of the calyx. Germens 
seven, white, changing to red, acute, incurved. The taste of 
the plant watery and free from acrimony. Native of the coast 
of Barbary. 

Flowers in August and September. Propagated by cut- 
tings. Communicated by Mr. William Kent, from his ex- 
tensive collection at Clapton. 

The .st figure on the left hand represents a single flower viewed in front. 
Ihe 2d a petal with one of the longer stamens. The 3d the receptacle and 
pistds, with a short stamen between each and glands at the base. The 4th 
jne calyx. The 5th below the others, two of the pistils with a short stamen 
between them. All the figures are somewhat magnified. 



( 2225 ) 


Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cat. 5-fidus : lacinia superiore majore. Legumen ovatum, 
muticum, subdispermum. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Aspalathus Chenopoda; foliis fasciculatis subulatis strictis 
mucronatis hispidis : interioribus brevioribus, floribus 
capitatis hirsutissimis. Soland. Mss. apud Banks. 

Aspalathus Chenopoda; foliis fasciculatis subulatis mucro- 
natis hirtis, floribus capitatis hirsutissimis. Sp. PL 1000. 
Berg. Cap. p. 200. 

Aspalathus Chenopoda; foliis fasciculatis trigonis mucronatis 
rigidis pilosis, capitulis hirsutis. Thunb. Prodr. 126. 
Willd. Sp. PL 3. p. 954. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 4. p. 262. 

Cham^larix s. Chenopoda monomopatensis. Breyn. Cent, 
p. 23. e. 11? 

Genista ericoides africana, flore luteo. Seb. Thes. 1. p. 39. 
t. 24. / 4. 

Frutex Africanus Genistae aculeata? foliis recurvis summo 
capite caesarie villoso. Pluk. Amalth. 101. t. 397. f. 6. 

Nepa capensis capitata foliis rigidis Ray Append. 246. n. 1 . 
fide Solandri. 

A greenhouse shrub ; native of the Cape of Good-Hope. 
Stem much branched: branchlets short, hairy, terminated 
with a capitulum of flowers inclosed in an involucrum of hairy 
"near mucronate leaves, much less rigid than those on the 
8t em ; leaves subulate, thinly hairy, fasciculate, the outer ones 


in the bundles much longer than the inner, all armed with a 
very sharp pungent mucro. Flowers large, yellow stained 
with red ; vexillum much larger than the alae and carina, 
villous on the outside. 

The Cham^larix of Breynils appears to us to be rather 
a doubtful synonym. The figure we have quoted from Seba's 
Thesaurus is not a bad representation of our present subject, 
except that the hairy bractes which should surround the ca- 
pitula, are omitted. But the two figures quoted by Bergius, 
though said by him to be good, certainly do not belong to 
our plant, but seem to be representations of Phylica plumosa. 
Linnaeus has quoted one of the same figures in the species 
Plantarum, but that quotation is probably a mere typograph- 
ical error of 23 instead of 24, repeated by Willdenow, Per- 
soon, and others. 

It is a plant of rare occurrence in our collections, though 
supposed to have been cultivated by Philip Miller in 1759- 
Communicated to us by Messrs. Loddiges and Sons last 




( 2226 ) 
Lavatera triloba. Three-lobed Lavatera. 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. duplex : exterior trifidus. Caps, plurimae, monos- 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Lavatera triloba; caule fruticoso, foliis subcordatis subtri- 
Jobis rotundatis crenatis, stipulis cordatis, pedunculis ag- 
gregatis unifloris. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 4. p. 219. Sp. 
PL 972. Willd. 3. p. 794. Persoon Syn. 2. p. 250. 
n. 6. Jacq. Hort. t. 74. Kniph. Cent. 7. n. 41. 

Lavatera triloba; foliis subcordatis obsolete trilobis in trian- 
gulum plicatis crenatis stipulis cordatis, pedunculis ag- 
gregatis unifloris. Cav. Diss. 2. p. 31. t.3\.f. 1. 

Althaea fruticans hispanica, aceris monspessulani incanis 
foliis,, gran di flora, saponem spirans. Pluk. Aim. 24. 
Phyt. t. 8. / 3. 

Althaea frutescens folio rotundiore incano. Bauh. Pin. 316. 

Alth^a frutex. Clus. Hisp. p. 90. ic. 91. Lob. Ic. 654./ 1. 

Althaea fruticans hispanica. Hort. Eyst. Ord. cestiv. 6. t. 4. 

Lavatera triloba was cultivated by Philip Miller in 
1759 ; but seems to have been little known in our gardens of 
jate years. Our friend Mr. Lambert met with it in a garden 
in the country, but could not discover from what source it 
came there. He describes it as being powerfully musk-scent- 
ed ; which is the more remarkable as we do not find that any 
author has mentioned the scent, except Plukenet who com- 
pares it to soap ; could he mean perfumed soap? 

Native of Spain. Flowers in June, July, and August. 
Communicated by A. B. Lambert, Esq. from his garden at 
Boy ton. 


' Cu.*-bs. 21. 1. 

( 2227 ) 

Amaranthus speciosus. Shewy AMARAN- 

Class and Order. 
Moncecia Pentandria. 

Generic Character. 

Masc. Cal. 3-9. 5-phyllus. Cor. 0. Stam. 3. s. 5. 
Pem. Cal. maris. Cor. 0. Sti/li 3. Caps, l-locularis, 
circumscissa. Sem. 1. 

Specific Character. 

Amaranthus speciosus; pentandrus, caule erecto ramoso, 
foliis oblongo-ellipticis utrinque acutis longissime petio- 
latis, racemis terminalibus compositis subverticillatis. 

There is certainly considerable affinity between our present 
subject and Amaranthus sanguineus of the species Plantarum, 
and Miller's figure is not altogether dissimilar to our plant, 
but Willdenow's figure in his Monograph of the genus does 
pot accord with it, neither does the specimen of that species 
J n the Banksian Herbarium. 

The Stem is erect and much branched ; the middle leaves 
oblong-elliptical, red-purple, brightest on the under side, ta- 
pering at both ends, on long slender footstalks ; flowers bright 
crimson, on compound terminal racemes, and also on lateral 
axillary simple or less compounded ones : the branchlets are 
short, and grow two or three together, separated from the rest 
. D y a small distance between them, giving the racemes some- 

i 1 °f a verticillate appearance. 

This fine Amaranthus was raised in the garden of Sir 
^eorge Staunton, Bart, at Leigh Park, from Napaul seeds 
g»ven him by H. I. Colebrook, Esq. It appears by an ac- 
count transmitted by Sir George's gardener, Mr. George 


Hall, that the Amaranthus speciosus requires a considerable 
degree of artificial heat to bring it to perfection. He sows 
the seeds in March, in peat and vegetable mould, in a hot- 
bed ; when they have been up a few days he transplants 
them into separate small pots, and places them in the frame 
again. In two or three weeks they require shifting into 
larger pots ; and when become strong plants he removes them 
into the hot-house, shifting them into larger pots, as they ad- 
vance in size, where he suffers them to remain till they come 
to their full beauty, when they may be removed to the green- 
house or conservatory. Upon first removing them to a colder 
situation they sometimes flag so much as to make it necessary 
to return them to the stove for a few days, when they will 
recover their pristine vigour and may be again removed to a 
colder atmosphere, in which they will continue in beauty two 
or three months. Indeed Mr. Hall observes that a plant that 
he grew last year still retains its life and beauty : (March 12.) 
If this species be a native of Napaul, it seems remarkable 
to us that so much artificial heat should be necessary to bring 
it to perfection. 


r*-h.ij.S CarUt .ir»hiiiii<k y,- 

( 2228 ) 
Falkia repens. Creeping Falkia. 


Class and Order. 
Pentandria Digynia. (Hexandria Willd.) 

Generic Character. 

Cal. l-phyllus. Cor. l-petala. Styli 2. Sent. 4. Lin. 
Suppl. p. 31. 

Specific Name and Synonyms. 

Falkia repens. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 2. p. 317. Willd. Sp. 

PL 2. p. 249. Thunb. Diss. nov. gen. 1. p. 17. Lin. 

Suppl. p. 211. Persoon Sj/n. I. p. 287. Bot. Repos. 
Convolvulus Falckia ; foliis cordatis excisis, caule sarmen- 

toso. Thunb. Prodr. 3b. Convolvulus Falkia Jacquini, 

est longe alia planta. 

Descr. Root creeping-, perennial. Leaves in bundles, on 
long filiform petioles, fleshy, cordate, quite entire ; lower pe- 
tioles in particular very long. Peduncles erect, growing from 
between the leaves, rather longer than the petioles. Calyx 
tubular, five-angled, with a five-cleft margin, persistent. Co- 
rolla bell-shaped, margin five-Iobed: lobes revolute, emargi- 
nate. Stamens generally five, rarely six, inserted into the 
receptacle. Germens according to Brown four, pubescent, 
connected by pairs at the base through the medium of the 
styles. Styles two, divaricate : Stigmas globular. 

This plant in habit and corolla is exactly a Convolvulus 
but differs in the fruit. It belongs however to the natural 
order of convolvulacea, of which Mr. Brown has made a 
second section, having two or four unilocular ovaria instead of 
a single one, in his Prodromus of the plants of New Holland, 
an inestimable work, the continuation of which is so ardently 
wished for by all botanists. This section contains Dichondra 
J* Porster, distinguished from Falkia especially by having 
l ^o, two-seeded ovaria. 


Our drawing was taken at Mr. Hibbert's late collection at 
Clapham Common, and the description from a plant commu- 
nicated by Mr. Joseph Knight of the Exotic nursery, King's 
Road , Little Chelsea. 


Pu» ty S.tUrKl «C«t»-^^.j^, i t a 1<5i ,, 

( 2229 ) 

Ranunculus pedatus. Cut-leaved 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-phyllus. Petala 5, intra ungues poro mellifero. Sem. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Ranunculus pedatus; foliis radicalibus digitato-partitis peda- 
tisque : lobis Iinearibus subentegerrimis caulinis sessilibus 
tripartitis, caule erecto paucifloro. 

Ranunculus pedatus; foliis glabris, radicahbus petiolatis tri- 
partitis pedatisve, lobis Iinearibus integris bifidisve, cau- 
linis sessilibus partitis, summis Iinearibus, caule erecto 
paucifloro, calyce adpresso. Decand. Regn. Veget. p. 

Ranunculus pedatus; foliis radicalibus ternato-pedatis, ra- 
meis ternatis, foliolis Iinearibus integerrimis. Waldst. et 
Kitaib. Hungar. 2. p. 112. t. 108. 

Ranunculus pedatifidus. Smith inRees Cycl? Decand. Regn. 
Veget. 1. p. 258? 

Entertaining great doubts whether the Ranunculus peda- 
tifidus of Smith and pedatus of Waldstein and Kitaibel 
ought to be considered as distinct species, although recorded 
as such by De Candolle, we transmitted the engraving of 
our plant to our friend Sir James E. Smith, who kindly com- 
pared it with his specimens, and informs us, that it appears to 
be a representation of his pinnatifidus, except in the deeper 
division and smaller number of lobes of the radical leaves and 
the want of the soft hairs on the stem, circumstances evidently 
"able to great variation. That these plants both belong to 


the same species is rendered the more probable, from the 
Hungarian pedatus being found likewise on the authority of 
Dr. Fischer, in the neighbourhood of the Volga. According 
to De Candolle the stem of Ranunculus pedatus is some- 
times pubescent, sometimes smooth, and sometimes smooth at 
the lower part and pubescent at the upper. 

A hardy perennial of little beauty. Flowers in April. Com- 
municated by Mr. Joseph Knight of the Exotic Nursery. 




( 2230 ) 

Eugenia myrti folia. Myrtle-leaved 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cat 4-partitus,, superus. Petala 4. Bacca 1-locularis, 

Specific Character. 

Eugenia myrtifolia; foliis ellipticis, pedunculis trichotomis 
lateralibus terminalibusque, staminibus petalis multo lon- 
gioribus, calycibus quadrifidis. 

Descr. An ever green shrub with flexile square branches, 
the angles of which are slightly winged. Leaves opposite., 
elliptical, not acuminate, smooth, shining, very like those of 
the common broad-leaved Myrtle. Flowers white, in terminal 
and lateral trichotomous corymbs. Calyx superior, persistent, 
four- toothed: teeth spreading, red. Petals 4, alternating with 
the teeth of the calyx, deciduous, white, a little larger than the 
calyx. Starnens'wery many, inserted into a fleshy, undulated 
ring. Germen interior, top-shaped. Style red, persistent, a 
little shorter than the stamens. Stigma simple or slightly 
clubbed. Fruit not seen. 

The taste of the leaves acid and aromatic, of the flowers 
sweet and gratefully acid. 

Tliis species is decidedly different from Eugenia elliptica 
No. 1878 of this work, the flowers are much larger with 
very long deciduous stamens, but do not grow in such long 
terminal panicles; calyx spreading with a four-cleft limb; 
leaves smaller, not acuminate, and the parallel veins on the 
under surface much less distinct. 

Native of New Holland. Introduced by Messrs. Loddiges 
and Sons ; and cultivated by them in the conservatory, where 
it thrives luxuriantly. Propagated by cuttings. Communi- 
cated to us in September 1820. 


•<ir~i**. o.i. 

( 2231 } 

Crinum Declinatum. Sloping-flowered 


Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 
Vide supra, No. 2217. 

Specific Character. 

Crinum declinatum; bulbo oblongo, foliis suberecto-recurvis 
acutis undulatis margine laevibus, scapo multifloro, corollas 
laciniis loratis, germinibus pedunculatis assurgenter cur- 

Desc. Bulb green, columnar, about 7 inches long : leaves 
somewhat erect with the point acute and hanging down, un- 
dulated, smooth edged, 4|- inches wide. Spathe 4 inches or 
more ; Umbel about 24-flowered. Flowers sweet, successive, 
nodding before their expansion : tube green, 3 inches long : 
lacinice bent back, channelled, \ of an inch wide, 4§ inches 
long, stained with red on the outside towards the end, 
especially in the buds, the three exterior ending in a claw, 
the three inner notched at the point; filaments wide spread 
and bent upwards, deep red the upper half of their length, 
the three outer \ an inch, the three inner ;§ of an inch longer 
than the style : anthers long with orange pollen ; style red ; 
stigma a red triangular point ; germen and peduncle each 
near an inch long, horizontal, curved upwards, green speckled 
with red ; cells one-seeded : Ovule oblong-oval. 

Some bulbs of this unreporded species of Crinum, which 
I believe were received by Dr. Carey from Silhet, were sent 
two or three years ago from Calcutta under the mistaken 
name of sumatranum, which is a very different species with 
rigid and rough-edged leaves, and a sessile or sub-sessile 


Specierum Enumerationi Addenda. 

Crinum brachyandrum supra 2121, p. 8. is a very distinct 
species. Column 5 inches high, whitish ; leaves about 20, 
rather erect, from 3 to near 5 feet long', and scarcely 2^ inches 
wide, dark green, with smooth margins, obtusely acuminate 
like those of C. defixum : Scape green, above 2 feet long; 
flowers about eleven, of which seven expand at the same 
moment, the buds having nodded in a circle round the scape, 
and the rest before the first wither; germen subsessile; tube 
green, 2f inches long ; lacinim 3^ inches long, and f wide, 
white ; filaments just tipped with pale purple scarcely an inch 
longer than the tube, all bent upwards ; style an inch longer 
than the filaments, declined, above an inch thereof pale purple; 
stigma small, triangular, white ; germen sessile : cells 2-seeded. 
Raised by seed from Sidney in New Holland. 

Crinum procerum. A native of the Birman empire. It is 
asserted and appears to be quite distinct from C. toxicarium, 
and is said to exceed C. amabile in stature. Flowers white, 
tinged with red, as those of sinicum are with yellow. 

Crinum declinatum. Supra No. 2231. 

Crinum macrocarpon. Carey Mss. Native of the country 
near Ranjoor, Leaves narrow, very long and stiff. Flowers 
pure white : laciniee broader than those of toxicarium. Seed 
two inches in diameter. 

Crinum toxicarium ; of which there are two varieties in 
this country differing chiefly in foliage, is the asiaticum ot 
the Botanical Magazine, No. 1073. 

& W.H. 


-i-t, fvn.\*s 

W \unwiWmiiWMMMiiih 

B*.»y-A«-K,W»ar w BkJty. MAa 


( 2232 ) 


Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Vexilli basis callis 2, parallelis, oblongis, alas subtus com- 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Dolichos sinensis; volubilis, leguminibus pendulis cylindricis 
torulosis, pedunculis erectis multifloris. Amoen. Acad. 
4. p. 326. Sp. PL 1018. Willd. 3. p. 1038. Hort. 
Kew. ed. alt. 4. p. 292. Jacq. Hort. Vindob. 3. p. 39. 


Dolichos sinensis. Rumph. Amb. 5. p. 375. t. 134. 

Descr. Stem voluble, roundish, striate, smooth. Stipules 
ovate acuminate, lengthened at the base beyond the point of 
insertion, which gives the appearance of their being spurred. 
Leaves ternate : leaflets rhomb-shaped, smooth on both sides, 
veined. Petioles If long, smooth : partial petioles short, pu- 
bescent. Peduncles axillary, shorter than the petioles, but 
by being often continued beyond the head of flowers these 
become sessile. Legume linear, sigmoid about 5 inches long, 
marked with the impression of the seeds. Seeds when ripe 
of a red purple, about twenty, separated by membranaceous 

Drawing and specimen of the plant communicated by the 
Reverend and Honourable William Herbert of Spofforth ; 
who raised it from seeds received from the Cape of Good-Hope 
under the name of the Caffre Bean. He received seeds of the 
same likewise from Mr. Burchall, who informed him that the 
plant was cultivated by the Caffres : it is however undoubtedly 
the same species as the specimen of Dolichos sinensis in the 


Banksian Herbarium ; nor do we see any reason to think it 
different from Rumf's and Jacquin's plants above referred 
to, and which is cultivated in many parts of the East, varying 
with red and white seeds. We understand from Mr. Herbert, 
that when sown in the open ground in Mr. Burchall's garden 
at Fulham it did not clime, but in the stove at Spofforth, though 
it remained upright till it was six or eight inches high, it then 
began to grow rapidly, twining to the height of eight or nine 
feet, and produced perfect seeds ; but in the open ground it 
produced a few flowers only, and no seeds. 


e^.h.hj. S.Curlll.W.-hnro-rtK .2£ a ^-.i 1 ^i x . 

vr,d 4 

( 2233 ) 


&! A'. ■ V t / . A*. A'. A'. A", A". A'. A/. A A'. A'. A 1 . &. Af. A*. A/. A'. 
Jlf /ft Vf» Vf. Vf»' 5J» "^" VJ.' lf» 1ft 1ft lft lft 'Jit 'iff "Jf! 'JfS VJn 'Jft 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-fidus : lacinia superiore majore. Legumen ovatum, 
muticum, subdispermum. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Aspalathus ciliaris; foliis ternatis fasciculatisque trigonis acu- 
tis ciliatis, capitulis terminalibus, calycibus flores aequan- 

Aspalathus ciliaris ; foliis fasciculatis scabris subpilosis, ca- 
pitulis terminalibus. Thunb. Prodr. 127. Willd. Sp. 
PL 3. p. 958. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 4. p. 263. 

Aspalathus ciliaris; foliis fasciculatis filiformibus scabris, 
floribus terminalibus sessilibus, vexillis pubescentibus. 
Lin. Mant. 262. 

The genus Aspalathus is very extensive, and very few of 
the species have been as yet satisfactorily settled, the very 
short specific phrases in Professor Thunberg's Prodromus 
being quite insufficient to determine them by ; and the larger 
work of which this was supposed to be the harbinger, after 
having been expected for twenty years, must now we fear be 
quite despaired of. 

Our figure was drawn by the late Mr. Sydenham Edwards 
from a plant communicated by Messrs. Loddiges and Sons, 
under the name of Aspalathus ciliaris, and is therefore the 
same as the species so designated in the Hortus Kewensis, 
where it is said to have been introduced by them. We are 
sorry to find that both this species and A. chenopoda pub- 
lished in our last number have now entirely perished. By 
an oversight we omitted to add as a synonym of the last 
mentioned species, Lodd. Bot. Cabinet. No. 316. 



( 2234 ) 

Pelargonium dioicum. Dicecious Black- 
flowered Storks-bill. 

Planta femina. 
Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal 5-partitus : lacinia suprema desinente in tubulum ca- 
pillarem, nectariferum,, secus pedunculum decurrentem. Cor. 
5-petala, irregularis. Filamenta \0, inasqualia, quorum S — 6 
castrata. Arilli b, monospermy, aristati, ad basin receptaculi 
rostrati : aristis spiralibus introrsum barbatis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 
Sect. I. Acaulia, radice rapacea. 

Pelargonium dioicum ; umbella composita , foliis simplicibus 
ternatisve hispidis,, floribus dioicis,, petalis concoloribus. 
Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 4. p. 162. 

Geranium foliis lobatis integrisque hispidis obtusis, calycibus 
monophyllis, laciniis linearibus, floribus nigricantibus 
dioicis, radice tuberosa. Bot. Repos. 209. 

Pelargonium dioicum comes very near to the melanan- 
thon of Jacquin ; and having been figured as such by Mr. 
Andrews, is generally known by that name in our nurseries ; 
but the radical leaves are for the most part quite entire, or 
°nly three-lobed, which in the latter are pinnate, with the 
Pinnae again divided ; it is also described by Jacquin as having 
nve fertile stamens, whereas our plant is constantly dioecious, 


bearing the male and female flowers on distinct plants. It is 
observed in the Botanists Repository, that this plant increases 
by tubers produced at a distance from the original root, with 
which they are only connected by slender fibres. 

Native of the Cape of Good-Hope. Requires the protection 
of a good greenhouse, and flowers best in the heat of the stove. 
Blossoms in June and July. 

Our drawing was taken from a female plant, communicated 
in May 1819, by Mr. Joseph Knight, of the exotic nursery, 
King's Road. 


( 2235 ) 

MelastomA osbeckioides. Osbeckia-like 

•frfr-fr ggE-gge ■»■% #4MHNHMN|HHt- 

Class and Order. 
1)ecandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-fidus, campanulatus. Petala 5, calyci inserta. 
Bacca 5-locularis, calyce obvoluta. 

Specific Character. 

Melastoma osbeckioides; foliis oblongo-ellipticis trinerviis 
margine nervisque ciliatis, floribus terminalibus aggre- 
gatis calycibus apice setosis. 

Desc. Stem shrubby, upright, covered with a furrowed 
bark: branches, short, square, hispid. Leaves opposite, 
oblong-elliptical, on short footstalks, three-nerved, nerves 
and margin ciliated, pale underneath. Flowers terminal, 
rose-coloured, three or four together, on short smooth pe- 
duncles. Calyx cup-shaped with a five-toothed border, and 
a scale-like appendix between the teeth : teeth acuminate, 
terminated with a bifid or trifid bristle. Corolla five-petalcd : 
petals obovate, clawed, three-nerved. Stamens ten, on short 
Jilaments inserted into the margin of the calyx : anthers cur- 
ved, reflected into the cavity of the calyx and finally opening 
at the apex to discharge the pollen. Germen nearly globular, 
bristly at the point, five-celled : ovula many, attached to a 
central receptacle. 

This plant belongs to the natural order of Melastomacea;, 
and in several respects approaches nearer to the genus Os- 
8ECRU than that of Melastoma, but being decandrous, we 


think it better to retain it with the latter genus, at least till 
the whole shall undergo a reform ; for, as Mr. Brown has 
remarked, " the generic divisions of the whole order remain 
to be established". 

Our drawing- was made from a plant communicated by 
William Kent, Esq. of Clapton, who received it from Ro- 
bert Barclay, Esq. Bury Hill, by whom it was introduced 
from the Mauritius. Cultivated in the stove. Propagated by 
cuttings. Flowers in September and October. 

( 2236 ) 

Yucca angustifolia. Narrow-leaved 

m mm mm m mm # 

Class and Order. 
Hexandria MonogyniA. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. campanulata, patens. Stylus nullus. Capsula trilo- 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Yucca angustifolia ; acaulis, foliis glaucis, Iongo-Iinearibus 
mucronatis margine filamentosis, capsulis oblongo-obo- 
vatis, scapo simplici. 

Yucca angustifolia; acaulis; foliis Iongo-Iinearibus rigidis 
margine raro filamentosis, capsulis magnis obovato-cy- 
lindraceis. Pursh. Flor. Amer. Sept. 1. p. 227. 

Yucca angustifolia. Nuttall Gen. PL amer. J. p. 218. 

The present plant is the true Yucca angustifolia of Pursh, 
and different from the one which has been usually so called in 
our collections, and which we have already published under 
the name of stricta (No. 2222). The scape of angustifolia 
is simple; the leaves are still narrower recurved, and the 
threads on their margins very much longer; the Iaciniae of 
the corolla more acute; and it is altogether of humbler 
growth. Pursh described his plant from Nuttall's herba- 
rium ; and our plant was raised from seeds brought over by 
Mr. Nuttall, and presented to our friend Aylmer Bourke 
Lambert, Esq. in whose garden at Boyton it flowered in July 
1820. Our specific character is chiefly a version of that given 
°y Nuttall in his work above referred to, which, though 
small in bulk is weighty in valuable matter. 




( 2237 ) 

Thalictrum alpinum. Alpine Meadow- 

# Mh|hMh|hMh|h|i 4HhNh| ^Hfr #♦ 
C/ass flwrf Order. 


Generic Character. 
CaL 0. Petala 4. s. 5. Sem. ecaudata. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Thalictrum alpinum ; caule simplicissimo subnudo, racemo 
simplici terminali. Spec. PL 767. mild. 2. p. 1295. 
Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 3. p. 346. Sm. Fl. Brit. 2. p. 584. 
Engl. Bot. 262. Lightf. Fl. Scot. 286. t. 13. / 1. 

Thalictrum alpinum; caule simplicissimo subnudo digitali, 
racemo simplici terminali, floribus nutantibus, foliorum 
segmentis glabris. De Cand. Regn. Veget. 1. p. 175. 
Flor. Franc. 4. p. 874. 

Thalictrum minimum praecox foliis splendentibus. Moris. 
Hist. 3. p. 325. sect. 9. t. 20. / 14. Jig. pessima. 

Thalictrum minimum montanum atrorubens foliis splenden- 
tibus. Raj. Sj/n. 204. Boerh. Ind. alt. 1. p. 44. t. 1. 

An elegant little alpine plant ; native of the mountains of 
Kamschatka, Newfoundland, Lapland, Greenland, Iceland, 
and the Pyrenees; and also of Scotland and Wales. The 
only tolerably good representation of this scarce plant hitherto 
published is that in English Botany; and even this has been 
apparently drawn from an imperfect specimen, as it does not 
express correctly its habit; the flowers being naturally cernu- 
ous, and the filaments too slender to support the anthers in an 
erect position. ._ . , 

The number of stamens and of pistils differs IB the same 
individual; the former from eight to twelve, the latter from 

two to six. . . . 

A hardy 

A hardy perennial. Communicated by Mr. Knight of the 
Exotic Nursery, King's Road, in April 1820. 

The outline figures represent first the four petals or calyx 
of Jussieu, the 2d the stamens, and the 3d the four pistils, 
surmounted by the divaricate anthers, all magnified. 


*wl K-J iwt^ ™ t *rr-n ft«nn< 


( 2238 ) 
Lobelia Kalmii. Kalm's Lobelia. 

Class and Order. 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-fidus. Cor. 1-petala, irregularis. Antherts collar- 
rentes. Caps, infera, 2-s. 3-locularis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Lobelia Kalmii; tenuis, erecta, simpliciuscula, foliis radicali- 

bus spathulatis, caulinis Iinearibus tenuissime denticnlatis, 

floribus racemosis alternis remotis pedicellatis. Pi/rs/t 

Ft. amer. sept. 446. 
Lobelia Kalmii, caule erecto, foliis lanceolato-Iinearibus ob- 

tusiusculis alternis integerrimis, racemo terminali. Sp. 

PL 1318. Walt. Carol, p. 218. Willd. Sp. PL 1. 939. 
Lobelia Kalmii. Michaux FL amer. bor. 2. p. 153. Nuttatl 

Gen. PL amer. sept. 2. p. 76. 
Rapuntium canadense pumilum, linariae folio. Tournef. Inst. 


Descr. u Stem a foot and half high, angled, smooth, fta 
dical leaves indistinctly crenate, hairy on both sides : Caulinc 
alternate, bluntish, smaller towards the upper part of the stem, 
smooth on both sides with minute yellow teeth. Peduncles 
hairy, one-flowered, arising from the axillae of the upper leaves, 
having two little bracteae above their middle." 

For the drawing and description of this plant, of which we 
believe a figure is now for the first time published, we are 
indebted to Dr. Robert Graham, Professor of Botany in the 
university of Edinburgh. It flowered in the Royal Botanic 
garden there in August 1820. 

It is marked as an annual in the species Plantarum of 
Linnaeus and Willdenow; but this is probably a mistake 


as the Professor says, in his letter, that the roots were sent 
by Mr. Blair from Canada at the end of 1819, together with 
those of Calypso americana, Arethusa bulbosa, and Calo- 
pogon pulchellus (Limodorum tuberosum, Bot. Mag. 116); 
all of which flowered the following" year. 

Nuttall describes the bractes as being- at the summit of 
the peduncle ; that they were nearer the middle in our plant 
might perhaps be occasioned by its having been flowered 
under a frame. The same author remarks that he has scarcely 
ever seen any plant, the flower apart, which so imposingly 
resembled Campanula rotundifolia. We have often been 
struck by a similar resemblance in habit between other species 
of these two genera. 

Native of Canada and New York in North America, and 
therefore no doubt perfectly hardy. Not recorded in the 
Catalogue of the Kew garden and probably now first intro- 
duced into Great-Britain. 



WU£e& s ' 

( 2239 ) 

Iris Pseud-Acorus, % pallido-flava. 
Pale- Yellow Water Iris. 

*V Jt «t» «j* 4* Htr Ifc A «** «** fcA , J» «i» <i» J» ih 
<yr ^i' #jjV <y» ^n|r y^np^np'^np^n^P^I^ 

67«ss and Order. 

Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. 6-partita : laciniis alternis reflexis. Stigmata petali- 

Specific Character and Sj/nonj/jns. 

Iris Pseud-Acorus; imberbis, radice crassa solida horizontally 

foliis ensiformibus, petalis alternis stigmate minoribus. 

Hort. Kew. ed. alt. \. p. 115. Willd. Sp. PL I. p. 232. 

Curtis Flor. Lond. English Botany 578. Redoute 

Liliac. 23b. 
(<3.) pallido-flava ; floribus pallido-luteis, foliis apice magis 


There does not seem to be sufficient difference between 
this plant and our common Iris Pseud-Acorus to constitute 
a distinct species, yet there is something that pervades the 
whole aspect not quite agreeing with our native species ; nor 
does it require so wet a soil. 

It is said to have been imported from Carolina by the late 
Mr. Lyons ; yet we do not find it recorded as an American 
species either by Michaux, Pursh, or Nuttall. 




( 2240 ) 

Crocus vernus, y. obovatus. Largest 
Purple Spring Crocus. 


Class and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Spatha plerumque 2-valvis : valvula interior multo an- 
gustior. Cor. infundibuliformis : Tubus longissimus, basi 
subterraneus : Limbus 6-partitus, regularis. Stigmata 3. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Crocus vernus; corollas fauce pilis glandulosis clausa. Hort. 

Kew. ed. alt. 1. p. 80. Bot. Mag. 860. ubi synonyma 

(a.) communis; laciniis erectis conniventibus ovato-lanceo- 

Crocus vernus. English Bot. 344. Redoute Liliac 266. 
(|3.) neapolitanus ; laciniis ovatis, stigmatibus anther as su- 

Crocus vernus, (3. neapolitanus. Bot. Mag. 860. 
(y.) obovatus ; laciniis obovatis obtusissimis crenulatis, an- 

theris stigmata superantibus. 
Crocus obovatus ; piliger, laciniis rolundato-obovatis inflato- 

incurvis Iateribus alte imbricatis, stigmatibus latissimis. 

Haworth in Trans. Horticult. Soc. 1. p. 133. 

Mr. Haworth, who communicated the plant from which 
our drawing was taken., considers it as a species distinct from 
vernus, of which Mr. Ker, to whose authority we are inclined 
to submit, makes it only a variety. But as the latter botanist 
has inserted the length of the stigmas extending beyond the 
anthers, as a character of vernus, the anthers in our plant 
exceeding the stigmas in length might be regarded as estab- 
lishing a sufficient specific distinction, provided this character 
should be found to be constant, which however we very much 


Whether the Crocus which Clusius received from Naples 
belonged to our plant, to (3, or to a variety of bicolor, a*' 
is suspected by Dr. Goldbach, the author of a monograph 
on this genus,, cannot now be possibly ascertained. 

Mr. Haworth says that his Crocus obovatus varies with 
white, variegated, purple, and brilliant dark-purple flowers: 
of which varieties our drawing represents the latter. 

Flowers early in April. 



( 2241 ) 

Melastoma sanguinea. Red-veined 

Class and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-fidus, campanulatus. Petala 5. (nunc 6. vel 4.) 
calyce inserta. Bacca 5-locularis, calyce obvoluta. 

Specific Character. 

Melastoma sanguinea; dodecandra, foliis ovato-lanceolatis 
quinque nerviis, pedunculis terminalibus solitariis uniflo- 
ris, germinibus globosis hispidissimis. 

Desc. Stem shrubby, extremely hispid with strong bristles 
of a dull red colour, branched crosswise. Petioles hairy, red, 
horizontal, united by a stipulaceous membrane : leaves ovate- 
lanceolate, sometimes cordate, five-nerved, shining on the 
upper surface and covered with rough points, margin scabrous, 
under surface scabrous, pale, with nerves and transverse pa- 
rallel veins of a bright red colour while young ; the lower 
leaves are eight inches long and five and a half wide : upper 
ones narrower. Flowers large, rose-coloured, terminal, so- 
litary. Germen globular, covered with strong incurved and 
tangled bristles. Calyx, superior, six-cleft : segments lance- 
olate with six very small intermediate segments. Petals six, 
©bcordate, concave, fleshy, crisped, having an acidulous taste. 
Stamens twelve, six longer and six interior shorter: anthe- 
riferous portion of the filament incurved, and terminated at 
the base with two yellow spurlike appendages. Style declined, 
shorter than the stamens. Stigma truncate. 

The red colour of the pubescence and of the petioles, and 
taore especially of the nerves and veins on the under surface 


of the leaves, has given occasion to the name we have applied 
to it ; but it is most conspicuous in the latter whilst youngs 
disappearing in great measure in a more advanced age. 

There is a near affinity between our plant and Melastoma 
malabathrica (supra No. 529) likewise an East-Indian species; 
but they may be at once distinguished by the number of petals 
and stamens, unless it should be found that this character is 
subject to variation. 

Among the undescribed species of Melastoma in the Bank- 
sian Herbarium we find one which appears to be the same as 
our plant, brought from the straits of Sunda by Sir George 
Taunton, and another not quite so certain from Macao by 
Mr. David Nelson. The one from which our drawing and 
description were taken, was raised from seed received from 
China, by Mr. Brooke of the Northampton Nursery, New- 
ington-Green, by whom it was communicated in October last 
year. Cultivated in the stove, where it forms a very handsome 
free growing shrub. 


&J>.1lj.$. &*rtLf. Wihrorth 

( 2242 ) 

Dendrobium cucullatum. Hooded 

Class and Order. 

Gynandria Monandria. 

Generic Character. 

Labellum ecalcaratum, articulatum cum apice processus 
unguiformis, cujus lateribus petala antica adnata calcar amu- 
lantia. Masses pollinis 4, parallel® : Brown in Hort. Kew. 
5. p. 212. 

Specific Character. 

Dendrobium cucullatum; caulibus pendulis, foliis bifariis lan- 
ceolatis aeuminatis, pedunculis oppositifoliis subbifloris, 
labello indiviso circumscriptione ovato basi cucullato. 
Brown Mss. 

Our drawing was taken from a plant which flowered in the 
hot-house at Spring-Grove, the seat of Lady Banks, in March 
last. We had not an opportunity of seeing the plant ourselves, 
and are entirely indebted to the friendly assistance of Mr. Ro- 
bert Brown for any intelligence we can give about it. It is 
a Native of the East Indies, and was sent to this country by 
the late Dr. Roxburgh ; among whose unpublished drawings 
is the figure of at least a very nearly related species which he 
calls Dendrobium Pierardi, having been sent, by Mons. Pie- 
kard, to the Calcutta garden from Chittagong, where and of 
various parts of the Delta of the Ganges it is a native. There 
is however too much difference between our plant and Dr. 
Roxburgh's figure to justify their being considered as the 
same species. In his drawing the flowering stems are entirely 
without leaves, the colour of the flower is a pale yellow, the 
lip large and shovel shaped ; being dilated at the upper ex- 
tremity into a flattish obovate form, slightly curled at the 


margin and somewhat ciliate; incurved at the base into a 
tube concealing the column of fructification. In our plant 
the base is incurved in the same manner, but the incurvation 
is continued in some degree to the extremity, and the whole 
labellum is much shorter. The stems of our plant are most 
probably pendulous in their natural state, though trained under 
cultivation in an upright direction ; it is not unlikely too that 
in an older plant the flowering stems may be entirely destitute 
of leaves which was the case towards the extremity, as shown 
in our figure ; but the different form of the labellum, to say 
nothing of the colour of the flower, will, we imagine, always, 
keep them distinct. 

( 2243 ) 
Claytonia sibirica. Siberian Claytonia. 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 2-valvis. Cor. 5-petaIa. Stigma 3-fidum. Caps. 3- 
valvis, l-locularis, 3-sperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Claytonia sibirica; foliis nervosis : radicalibus caulinisque 
ovatis, racemo secundo. Willd. Sp. PL 1. p. Ilb6. 
Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 2. p. 53. 

Claytonia sibirica ; foliis ovatis. Spec. PL 294. 

Limnia. Lin. in Act Stock. 1746. p. 130. t. 5. 

Claytonia sibirica has a very near affinity with Alsinoides 
(supra No. 1309) but differs in having* its leaves nerved and 
paler underneath, stem more simple ; in the colour and shape 
of the petals, which are more obtuse and terminate in a slender 

Mr. Salisbury in his account of Claytonia spatulcefolia 
(Paradisus Londinensis 77) has suggested that the Siberian 
species must perhaps be restored to their former title of 
Limnia, as differing in habit and in having only three seeds 
in the pericarpium, which bursts with elasticity; but virginica 
zndperfoliata, both natives of America, have for the most part 
only three seeds, and the capsules of the latter certainly burst 
with elasticity. Notwithstanding the criticism of the same 
learned botanist, we must maintain that our drawing of the 
petals of virginica is correct, as applied to the plant from 
which it was taken, and confirmed by a living specimen which 
we have since examined. . 

Claytonia sibirica is a hardy annual. Native of Siberia. 
Propagates readily by seed. Flowers most part of the sum- 
mer. Communicated by Mr. Knight of the Exotic Nursery 
m May 1820. 



( 2244 ) 

Plschrinia scilloides. Squil-like 

■♦■ ♦ * ♦♦IMhUE ifr > jfcftiMi frf . 

Class and Order. 

Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. 1-petala, 6-partita, infera. Nectarium brevissimum, 
6-dentatum, coronans faucem. Stamina intra nectarium. 
Marschall d Bieb. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Pusciirinia scilloides. Adam in Nov. act. Petrop. Marsch. 

Cent. 2. t 91. 
Puschkinia scilloides; foliis radicalibus geminis. Fl. Tavr. 

Cauc. 1. p. 211. et. 3. p. 266. 
Adamsia scilloides. Willd. Enum. suppl. p. 16. 

Descr. Stature and habit of Scilla amaena. Leaves ra- 
dical, two or three, lanceolate, striate, concave, sheathing-, 
erect. Scape very little longer than the leaves, bearing* a ter- 
minal corymb of about six flowers, white, streaked and tinged 
"with a delicate blue : footstalks unequal, lower ones much the 
longest. Corolla six-parted : lacinice patent, lanceolate. Nec- 
tarium half the length of the Iaciniae, tubular, divided half 
Way into six connivent laciniae, unequally toothed at the point. 
Anthers yellow, bilocular, on very short filaments attached to 
the upper part of the tube of the nectary. Germen superior, 
oval, marked with six longitudinal lines, three-celled, with 
many globular, shining ovules. Style somewhat longer than 
the tube of the nectary : stigma obtuse, lobular. 

This plant differs from Scilla and Ornithogalum by the 
nectarium or corona, which perhaps may be considered as 
formed by the union of six broad filaments, the free part ex- 



tending beyond the insertion of the anthers, and in bein 
toothed, shewing some affinity with several species of Allium. 
This plant was named in honour of the late Count Apollos 
Mussin Puschkin by Dr. Adams, and was first recorded in the 
Flora Taurico-Caucasica by M . Marschall v. Bieberstejn. 
A hardy perennial. Communicated by Mr. William Ander- 
son of the Chelsea Garden in March last. 


( 2245 ) 

Van da Roxburghii. Chequer-flowered 


Class and Order. 

Gynandria Monandria. 

Generic Character. 

Labellum calcaratum, cum basi simplici (breviusque pro- 
ducta) columnce apteral continuum,, triMum, lobo medio car- 
noso. Petala patentia, distincta. Massed pollinis 2, oblique 
bilobae. Brown in Bot. Reg. n. 506. Intrat orchidearum 
sectionem IV am - ejusdem authorise in Horti Kewensi editione 
altera v. 5, p. 205, propositam, quibus anther a terminalis, 
mobilis, decidua ; massce pollinis demum cereaceae. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Vanda Roxburghii; ovariis contortis, petalis oblongo-ovatis 
undatis, foliis oblique tridentatis. Brown in Bot. Reg. 
n. 506. 

Cymbidium tesselloides. Roxb. ic. inedit. 

Vanda. Sir William Jones in Asiat. Res. 4. p. 302. 

This beautiful parasitic plant is a native of Bengal, where 
it grows more especially, but not exclusively, on the Man- 
go-Tree. In common with many other parasitical plants 
of tropical countries it puts forth long root-like tendrils, by 
which it attaches itself strongly to the trunk or branch ; but 
these organs probably do not perform the office of roots, or 
that of drawing nourishment from the juices of the sup- 
porting tree ; for this plant, like many others, appears to 
be, as Sir William Jones observes, a true air-plant, and 
will live and thrive in a pot without earth or water. 

Sir William Jones refers to Epidendrum retusum of 
Linn^us as a synonym of this plant, but it is certainly very 


distinct from the Anfteli Maravara of Rheede, quoted as a 
synonym by this author. 

Our drawing was taken from a plant, which flowered in 
November 1820 at Spring-Grove, the seat of Lady Banks, 
being suspended from the top of the stove in a basket with 


v^ij.s.Cu^t yr^air, 

~* f >--J~*3y.zjJlti. 


( 2246 ) 
Hakea nitida. Shining-leaved Hakea. 

CZflss awe? Order. 
Tetrandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. 4-petala, irregularis. Antherce apicibus concavis 
corollae immersae. Glandula hypogyna, dimidiata, (raro 
biloba.) Folliculus superus, ligneus, 1-locularis: loculo 
excentrico. Seminum ala apicis longior nucleo. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Hakea nitida ; foliis lanceolatis oblongisve basi attenuatis 
spinuloso-paucidentatis integrisque nitidis subvenosis 
ramulisque glaberrimis, capsulis bicalcaratis ovatis 
gibbosis apice compressis intus laeviusculis. Brown 
in Lin. Soc. trans. 10. p. 184. Prodr. Fl. Nov. Hott. 
p. 384. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 1. p. 208. 

This handsome shrub was first found by Mr. Brown on 
the southern coast of New Holland in his voyage with 
Captain Flinders. And was introduced into the Kew Gar- 
den by Mr. Peter Good in 1803. The specimen from 
which our drawing was taken was communicated by Messrs. 
Whitley, Brame, and Milne, from their ample collection 
at Fulham, where it flowered in April 1821. It requires to 
be protected from frost. 

Jttty. S Curtis yTaitrc 

( 2247 ) 


r^ T &• &. i<fr. i*! 7 , ^. ^ "fr. .^ llf. ftf. &. fif, & &. &. tjf. &. &. 

W <T" <T> Tfl»' V&> 'iff 'J[s Vf. "#1> "<f» J|P "<T» <T» <T> <T» V W V -T- 

Oass «wrf Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

Genome Character. 

Cal. 5-fidus, bilabiatus, basi attenuatus. Cor. papiliona- 
cea, petalis staminibusque deciduis medio tubo calycis 
insertis : vexilli lamina duplo et ultra latior quam longa, 
divaricato-biloba. Germen dispermum. Stylus uncinatus. 
Stigma capitatum. Legumen ventricosum. Semina stro- 
phiolata. Brown in Hort. Kew. 

Specific Character. 

Dillwynia cinerascens ; corymbis terminalibus sessilibus, 
Foiiis filiformibus erectis : mucrone innocuo brevissimo 
subrecurvo, ramulis calycibusque sericeis. Brovm 


Mr. Brown possesses many species of this genus, which 
he divides into two sections; in one of which, the petals and 
stamens are deciduous; in the other (Xeropetalum. Br.) 
these parts are marcescent. It is to the latter section that 
our present plant belongs. The three species recorded in 
the Hortus Kewensis, all belong to the first ; and from this 
division the above generic character seems to have been 
more especially framed, the author having at first intended 
to have made distinct genera of them, but has since thought 
it more advisable to consider them only as sections of the 
same genus. 

Native of Van Diemen's island ; where it was found near 
the Derwent, by Robert Brown, Esq. in the year 1804. 

A hardy green-house shrub, requiring only protection 
from severe frost. Communicated by William Kent, Esq. 
from his rich collection at Clapton. 


At No. 1545, vol. 37 of this work, we have erroneously 
given a figure of Dillwynia Jloribunda under the name of 
ericifolia. The true ericifolia has a nearer resemblance to 
our present subject, but may be distinguished from it by 
the deciduous petals and stamens, the naked calyx, and 
pungently mucronated scabrous leaves. The specific cha- 
racter and synonyms there given should be expunged and 
the following inserted : 

Dillwynia Jloribunda ; floribus axillaribus geminis foliis 
subulatis mucronatis. llort. Kew. ed. alt. 3. p. 15. 

Dillwynia floribunda. Smith in Lin. Soc. Trans. 9. p. 262. 
Exot. Bot. t. 26. 


f*ilj:S.£irti3.V a .tB-CTt/>.Julj-.,. 1 S2 

( 2248 ) 

Onosma simplicissima. Siberian Simple 



Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Corolla campanulata : fauce pervia. Antherte basi ha- 
mosae. Semina 4. 

Specific Character and $h/nom/ms. 

Onosma simplicissima ; corollis ventricosis, foliis lineari- 
Ianceolatis hirtis. Willd. Sp. PL 1. p. 773. 

Onosma simplicissima ; pilis prostratis sparsis, caulibus flo- 
riferis simplicibus aggregatis, foliis linearibus acuti- 
usculis, antheris filamentis brevioribus. Marsch. a 
Biib. Flor.taur.cauc.l.p.133. Id. 3. p. 131. Cent. 
PI. rar. Ross. 2. t. 57. nondum visa. 

Onosma simplicissima ; caule subsimplici, foliis lineari- 
lanceolatis hispidis subtus albido-pilosis, fructibus 
erectis. Marsch. Casp. App. p. 137. Ann. of. Hot. 2. 
p. 411. 

Onosma sibirica. Lam. illustr. n. 1836. 

At No. 889, in vol. 23 of this work, we have given a figure 
of the Onosma taurica of Marschall v. Bieberstein, in his 
account of the vegetable productions between the Terek 
and Kur rivers, which flow into the Caspian sea. This 
author in his Flora taurico-caucasica makes the same a 
variety of Onosma stellulata of the Flora Hungarica. 

Onosma simplicissima differs from the above in the hairs 
°» the leaves, especially on the under side, being much 
longer and softer, solitary and not stellulate, in the leaves 
°eing longer, narrower, and more pointed, and in the paler 
colour of the flowers ; differences pointed out in the Flora 


taurico-caucasica, all of which apply to our plant ; to these 
may be added the corolla being uniformly ventricose with- 
out the angles which appear in the corolla oitaurica. 

This species is described as having a number of simple 
stems growing in an aggregate manner ; but in our plant 
the lower part of the stem survived the preceding winter, 
and the flowering stalk with several shoots were produced 
from the top of it. Whether this circumstance was acci- 
dental, or a permanent variety of the ordinary state of the 
species we are not able to determine ; we cannot consider it 
as specifically distinct. 

A hardy perennial ; native of Siberia. Flowers in May 
and June. Communicated by Mr. Anderson of the Chelsea 



V 5.Cu.f-ei.f.Wd^r,-ythJH^.3 

Vfedieil H 

( 2240 ) 

stylidium tenu1folwjm. flne-leaved> 

»Sfc ."fri ■'I'. &• JL iSr. fr. A ."If. "If. A x l' •!*. it A A Jl i*P, ■•!*■ 

C/ass antf Order. 
Gynandria Diandria. 

Generic Character. 

Col. bilabiatus. Cor. irregularis, 5-fida: lacinia quinta 
(Labello) dissimili. Columna reclinata, duplici flextira. 
Jnt/terce biloba?: lobis divaricatissimis. Caps, bilocularis. 
Brown in Hort. Keic. 5. p. 222. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Stylidium tenuifolium ; B, foliis angusto-lineari- 
bus sessilibus pilosiusculis, fauce inula, labello appen- 
dicular Brown Prodr.ji. Nov. Holl.p. 570. Encycl. 
hot SuppL 5. p. 413. 

Stylidium laricifolium ; caule elongato confertiui folioso, 
foliis subsetaceo-linearibus, panicula pvramidato-ra- 
mulosa, Richard in. Pers. Syn. 2. p. 210. Jussieu in 
Ann. du Mus. d'Hist. Nat. 18. p. 19. t. S. 

Ift ounaecount of another species of this curious genus, of 
^fchich Mr. Brown in. his Prodromus has recorded and cha- 
racterized no fewerthan forty-five ; we have given an account 
°f the irritability of the column of fructification, which is 
equally remarkable in; our present subject {vide supra No. 

The Stymdhim- tenuifolium forms a very small upright 
shrub, while all the rest oft the known species, except one 

Il LIDUJM fruticosum) are herbaceous. 

Mr. Labhsiiardusre ire the 6th, volume of the Annates du 
Museum d'Histoire Naturelle gave the true account of the 
structure of the flower of this genus, which, being ignorant 
•tat it was before established by. Professor Swartz under its 


present name, he called Candollea ; but afterwards he took 
up the notion that the stigma was not at the upper extremity 
of the column but at its base. M. Richard with as little 
probability considered the fifth lacinia of the corolla, the 
Labellum of Brown, as the true stigma ; and Jussieu in the 
18th volume of the Annates, even after the publication of 
Brown's Prodromus, has adopted the opinion of Bichard, 
which, in the Linnaean system, would remove the genus 
from the class Gynandria to Monadelphia. But the English 
botanists still agree in considering the stigma to be placed 
at the upper extremity of the column, where it is partly 
covered by the anthers, and only becomes truly developed 
after the bursting of these organs. 

The plant from which our drawing was made was com- 
municated by Mr. Joseph Knight of the Exotic Nursery in 
the King's Boad, where only we haveas yet seen it. It is 
not recorded in the Hortus Kewensis, nor in Sweet's more 
extensive list, the Hortus Suburbanus. 

Native of the country about Port Jackson in New South 
Wales. Requires the protection of a greenhouse, and blos- 
soms better for the assistance of some artificial heat. 

Fig. 1. The germen and calvx. 2. The pubescence surrounding tbe 
antlm-. & The column. 1. The corolla: all magnified. 


Fui.hT.S.CwKi "W*Jt 

( 2250 ) 


fV- &. ,~V, i-V. &. A'm &. A'. iV. it'. it", it'. ."V. .•i', A'. A.- A'. i'l', 
VK J[? a* <r> V W >s» W >*> <f "f* <V 't* •fl» <r» f *F ^f* 

C7«ss and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. superu, 6-petala, patula. Filamenta corolla breviora, 
interne obovata ; superne subulata. Stylus triqueter, basj 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Furcroea gigantea ; caulescens, foliis integerrimis. Hort. 

Kew. ed. alt. 2. p. 302. 
Furcrcea gigantea. Ventenat in Usteri Annul, der botan. 

19. p. 54. Plant, grass. 126 *. 
Agave fatida ; caulescens foliis integerrimis, scapo ramoso, 

corollis hexapetalis. Willi. Sp. PL 2. p. 194. Jacq. 

Collect. 2. p. 212. Icon. rar. 2. t. 379. Lin. Syst. 

Veg. ed. 14. p. 388. 
Aloe americana; viridi rigidissimo et fcetido folio Piet dicta 

indigenis. Commel. Hort. 2. p. 35. t. 18. sine inflores- 


This genus is rather too nearly allied to Agave, from 
which it has been separated by Ventenat, and named in 
honour of M. Fourcroy, author of the elements of Natural 
History and Chemistry ; a separation adopted in the Hortus 
Kewensis, but rejected by M. Poiret in his supplement to 
the Encyclopedic botanique. The principal points by which 
it differs from Agave are the shape of the stamens and co- 
rolla, the comparative length of these organs and the form 
of the style. 

The Furcrosa gigantea is a truly gigantic plant; the 
scape rising from the bosom of the leaves, which are seven 
feet long, to the height of above thirty feet, producing nu- 

merous alternate branches, again divided into branehlets, 
one of which with its flowers is represented in our figure. 
A lanceolate marcescent bracte at the base of each branchlet, 
and small bractes at each pedicle. Flowers white, pendu- 
lous, on short slender stalks. Germen inferior, 3-cornered, 
striate, about an inch long, a little curved, 3-celled. Petals 
6, oblong -lanceolate, equal, somewhat fleshy. Filaments 
6, narrowed at both ends, broad hi. the middle, not half the 
length of the petals. Anthers oblong, versatile : pollen yel- 
low. Style 3-cornered, longer than the stamens, hollow : 
stigma capitate, pubescent. Nectaries 3, oblongs spreading, 
at the point, inserted at the base of the style. Under the 
outer bark the liber divides into very tough fibres. 

The growth of the flowering stem was extremely rapid. 

A specimen of one of the branches between four and five 
feet long, from one of the branehlets of which our drawing 
was taken, was sent us in December last by the Right 
Honourable Earl Powis, from his Lordship's seat at Wall- 
cott, in Shropshire, together with a rough sketch of the 
whole plant 

This plant seems to have equalled* in size that described 
and figured by Jacquin as above quoted; and, like it, pro- 
duced a great number of viviparous bulbs. 

Native of South America. Cultivated according to Mr, 
Aiton m 1690, at the Royal garden at Hampton-Court. 


( 2251 ) 

Lobelia pedunculata-. Long-stalked 

vfr- <fr_ s|<- A vi> o» ^1/ A >t> a> a ^ >o sT/ >»/ >t/ a. >fr o> 
■^' v^ vj» v^' <js VP -IS <T» <r» /r> V .$> Vf. 4S IP Vr> Vf> <f> ™ 

C/ass and Order. 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-fidus. Cor. 1 -petala, irregularis. Anthera cohae- 
rentes. Caps, infera, 2- s. 3-locularis. 

Specific Character. 

Lobelia pedunculata ; foliis petiolatis recurvis pinnatifidis : 
pinnis bifurcatis, pedunculis elongatis lateralibus soli- 
tariis subbifloris, caule suffruticoso. 

This very rare species was communicated by Messrs. 
Loddiges and Sons some years since. It is nearly related 
to, but specifically different from, Lobelia coronopifolia 
(supra n. 644.) The flowers are much smaller, the colour 
of the tube purple ; the peduncles, which are full as long 
as in coronopifolia, grow from the sides of the branches and 
are not confined to their extremities as in that ; the leaves 
are entirely different. 

Native of the Cape of Good-Hope, flowers in October 
and November ; requires the shelter of a Greenhouse in the 


WnAmrfA.jf, ... 

( 2252 ) 

Cryptostemma calendulacea, a,. Mary- 
gold-flowered Cryptostemma. 

j falUJk •I r, "If itk &-£*- lit lit ifc vTy *l/ vt/ «J/ *fr vt/ 
/t» vj» vfv" vpf Vfs "if> '4* 'Jf. 1 ■<(." vfl." ",fl»" vj» 'jf! vx» */(*. HT 'Jf» 

Class and Order. 
Syngenesia Polygamia frustranea 

Generic Character. 

Recept. favosum. Pappus paleaceus lana implexa seminis 
tectus. Cal. imbricatus. Brown in Hort. Kew. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Cryptostemma calendulacea ; ligulis indivisis, foliis pinna- 

tifidis dentatis subtus tomentosis. Br. in Hort. Kew. 

ed. alt. 5. p. 141. 
Arctotis calendulacea. Willd. Sp. PL 3. p. 2347. 
(*.) foliis lyrato-pinnatifidis, ligulis tridentatis. 
Arctotis Calendula;, flosculis radiantibus sterilibus duodonis 

subintegris, foliis lyratis nigro-denticulatis. Sp. PI. 

Anemonospermos africana, Jacobceae maritimae foliis, flore 

sulphureo. Commel. rar. 36. t. 36. fig. bona. 
Anemonospermos afra, foliis et facie Taraxaci incanis. 

Breyn. ic. 27. t. 15. 
(3) foliis runcinato-pinnatijidis, ligulis acutis integerrimis 
Arctotis calendulacea; flosculis radiantibus sterilibus, foliis 

runcinatis subtomentosis. Sysl. Veg. ed. 14 p. 791. 

Jacq. Hort. Schoenbr. 2. p. 16. /. 157. 
Anemone affinis asthiopica, fibrosa radice, flore Asteris, 

Taraxaci foliis subincanis. Herm. Lugd. 41. t. 42. 

Descr. Leaves lyrate-pinnatifid, three-nerved, on the 
upper side green, hispid : on the under tomentose, white. 
Peduncles at the ends of the branches two or three together, 
long, striate, clothed with weak red hairs, one-flowered. 


Calyx imbricate, inner scales rounded, smooth, with a pur- 
plish brown scariose margin : outer ones smaller, ovate, ter- 
minated with a pencil of soft white hairs, nodding before the 
flower expands. Receptacle honeycombed, bristly. Germans 
covered with wool, which nearly conceals the paleaceous 
pappus. Floscules of the ray many, sterile, slightly three- 
toothed at the point, two-ribbed, pale yellow, purplish 
underneath. Floscules of the disk hermaphrodite, cup- 
shaped, smooth, greenish, with a black-purple five-cleft 
border. Anthers connected, black-purple, shorter than the 
floscule. Stigma exserted, covered with the yellow pollen, 
cylindrical, finally divaricate. 

Cryptostemma is a genus established by Mr. Robert 
Brown from the heterogeneous assemblage formerly ar- 
ranged under Arctotis, and has its name from the wool of 
the seed partly concealing the paleaceous pappus with 
which it is crowned. 

There exists the greatest confusion in the synonomy of 
Arctotis calendulacea and hypochondriaca ; WiLLDENowhas 
applied Commelin's synonym, which is a good representa- 
tion of our plant, to both. Jacquin's figure differs from our 
plant in the smaller size, in the leaves being narrower, in 
the florets of the ray being sharper pointed and quite entire, 
and of a greener colour ; but it should be observed that in 
drying, the florets of the ray in our plant become quite green 
and sharp pointed. It is possible that they may be distinct 
Species, but we consider them as varieties, and have en- 
deavoured to apply the synonyms adapted to each. 

Native of the Cape of Good-Hope. A tender annual. 
Flowers in May and June. Communicated by Messrs 
Chandler and Buckingham of the Vauxhall Nursery 


Tr,liX. ,.$• 

( 2253 ) 


Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cat, 5-partitus. Cor. campanulata, 4 — 5-loba, ventri- 
cosa. Caps, ovata, 2-locularis; 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Digitatis orientalis ; foliolis calycinis lanceolatis pube- 
scentibus, corollas labio inferior! maximo spathulato. 
Lamarck EncyL 2. p. 280. Bot. Reg. 554. 

Digitalis orientalis ; calycinis foliolis oblongis acutis pu- 
bescentibus, corollae lobis lateralibus labii inferioris 
obtussimis, intermedio spathulato ciliato piano, floribus 
distantibus, bracteis oblongis pubescentibus calyce 
brevioribus. Willd. Sp. PL 3. p. 286. Persoon Syn. 
2. p. 163. 

Digitalis orientalis Tragopogi folio, flore albido. Tourn. 
Cor. 9. 

This plant was first discovered by the celebrated botanist 
Tournefort, during his travels in the Levant ; and 
Lamarck, in that valuable compilation, the botanical part 
of the Encyclopedic Methodique, has given a description of 
it from Tournefort's specimen, preserved in Jussieu's 
herbarium. But M. Poiret, in the supplement to the same 
work, has erroneously referred this species to Digitalis 
lanata ; which, though nearly allied, is very distinct. 
The latter plant is figured at No. 1159 of the Botanical 
Magazine ; but we believe that a living specimen of orien- 
talis has never been seen in this country, nor even in 
Europe, till the seed was transmitted from Constantinople 
to Sir Joseph Banks by Lady Liston, to whose zeal our 


gardens are indebted for several rare and some new plants. 
That from which our drawing was taken was raised from 
this seed, and flowered last April in Lady Banks's garden,, 
at Spring Grove. 

Digitalis orientalis differs from lanata in having a much 
more lax spike of flowers, which grow alternately and dis- 
tant, are paler coloured, and have less of the ferrugineous 
reticulated marking within side, and none without; in having 
the calyx and the whole outside of the corolla more pubes- 
cent, but especially in having the upper and lateral seg- 
ments rounded instead of pointed as in that ; the radical 
and lower leaves are also much longer and narrower. 

It is an herbaceous perennial ; and we imagine must 
require protection from severe frost. 


**» ; «jr.**««i*.-ir.*nMfc* ujxiaii 

( 2254 ) 


Flax-leaved Rue. 


Class and Order. 

Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-partitus. Petala concava. Recept. punctis melli- 
feris decern cinctum. Caps, lobata. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Ruta linifolia ; foliis lanceolatis subsessilibus glabris, pani- 
culae ramis pubescentibus, petalis oyatis. Marsch. Ft. 
Taur.-Caucas. I. p. 309. 

Ruta linifolia ; foliis simplicibus lanceolatis glabris, fila- 
mentis ciliatis, caule simplici herbaceo. Willd. Sp. PI. 
2. p. 544 Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 3. p. 32 Bot. Re- 
posit. 565. 

Ruta sylvestris linifolia hispanica. Bocc. Mus. 2. p. 82. 
t.73. Barrel, ic. 1186. 

(@.) grandiflora ; foliis spathulato-lanceolatisglaucis,panicula 

Ruta montana foliis integris subrotmidis. Buxb. Cent. 2. 
jo. 30. t. 28. f 2. 

We should certainly have considered this plant as a dis- 
tinct species from the Ruta linifolia figured by Mr. 
Andrews in the Botanists Repository ; and Mr. Haworth, 
to whom we are indebted for the communication of the 
living specimen from which our drawing was made, from 
the garden of the late Mr. Swainson, is quite of the same 
opinion ; but not having had ourselves an opportunity of 
comparing the plants together, we cannot venture to de- 
viate from the decision of the learned and accurate author 
of the Flora Taurico-Caucasica. 

Our plant grows, according to Buxbaum, about Ridosto, 
in Romania. The late Mr. Sydenham Edwards observed 
that the flowers were possessed of a scent similar to that of 



( 2255 ) 

sllene lacera. jagged flowered 

jfr. .Sfr. .Sk rV. &. &. .St*. &. .^. &. .SP. .St' .St / . ■Sf' ■SI'- ■ST'i .SK .Sfc ■Sfr'. 

CZass a^Z Order. 
Decandria Trigynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. monophyllus, ventricosus. Petala 5, unguiculata. 
Caps, supera, semitrilocularis, apice dehiscens, polysperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Silene lacera; calycibus inflatis solitariis, petalis multifidis 
coronatis, foliis spathulatis undulatis; floralibus sessili- 
Jtms, caule decumbente. 

Cucubalus lacerus; petalis multifidis, calycibus campanu- 
latis, foliis spathulato-ovatis, caule adscendente. Flor^ 
taurico-caucas. 3. p. 303. Steven in Mem. Soc. nat. 
Mosq. 3. p. 262. et in Trans. Lin. Soc. v. 11. p. 411. 
t. 34. 

Descr. Stems diffuse, decumbent, covered with a pu- 
bescence, which, when magnified, appears beaded or 
nioniliform. Leaves ovate-spathulate, undulate with long, 
channelled, stem-embracing footstalks. Upper ones sessile, 
ovate-lanceolate. Peduncles mostly solitary, one-flowered, 
axillary and terminal. Calyx inflated, ten-streaked, five- 
cleft. Corolla white : petals lacerate, crowned with two 
oblong, distinct adpressed appendices. Stamens 10, five 
shorter, attached to the claw of the petal, and five longer, 
inserted into a glandular substance surrounding the base 
of the ovate germen, which is one-celled, without an ap- 
pearance of septum that we could observe : styles three, 
sometimes only two. 

This species was first described in the transactions of the 
Linnean Society by the Chevalier de Steven, who has 


likewise noticed the curious moniliform pubescence of the 
stem. But with respect to the corona,, which in our plant 
was very distinct, this author remarks that there was scarcely 
any. In other respects we find nothing contradictory in the 
two descriptions. 

Native of the eastern Caucasean Alps, where it grows 
amongst the fragments of Schistus. Flowers in May and 
June. Communicated by Mr. Anderson from the Chelsea 

Fig. 1. Represents the pistil with the fire longer stamens. 2. One of 
the petals with a shorter stamen attached to the base of the claw, shewing 
also the corona. 


6*t+» Tfahrerdi Jh-a u 


( 2256 ) 

Globularia vulgaris. Common Globularia 
or Blue Daisy. 


Class and Order. 

Tetrandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. communis imbricatus ; proprius tubulatus, inferus. 
Corollula labio superiore 2-partito ; inferiore 3-partito. 
Recept. paleaceum. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Globularia vulgaris ; caule herbaceo, foliis radicalibus 
obovatis retusis petiolatis ; caulinis lanceolatis. 

Globularia vulgaris; caule herbaceo, foliis radicalibus 
tridentatis ; caulinis lanceolatis. Sp. PL 139. Willd. 
I. p. 540. Hort. Kew. ed. alter. I. p. 222. Schkuhr 
handb. 1. p. 65. t. 21. Pollich Palat. 1. p. 138. Scop. 
Carniol. n. 132. 

Globularia vulgaris; caule herbaceo folioso, foliis radi- 
calibus petiolatis obovatis subedentulis ; caulinis lan- 
ceolatis. Lam. Encycl. 2. p. 730. Id. Illustr. t. 56./. I. 

Globularia foliis radicalibus emarginatis, ex nervo aristatis, 
caulinis lanceolatis. Hall. Hist. n. 218. 

Bellis caerulea caule folioso. Bauh. Pin. 262. 

Bellis casrulea apula et monspeliaca. Tabern. Kreuterbuch 
709. / 1. % 2. Lob. ic. 478. 

Aphyllanthes Anguillarae, sive Globularia bellidi similis. 
Bauh. Hist. 3. part 1. p. 13. cum icone. 

Descr. Radical leaves obovate-spathulate, quite entire 
or somewhat emarginate at the apex with a small projection 
of the middle nerve, smooth, many, spreading about. Stem 
from three to six inches high, erect, clothed with oblong 
oval leaves, irregularly scattered, sessile. Flowers blue, in 

a dense 

a dense globular head. Involucrum or common calyx of 
many leaflets, like the cauline leaves, but smaller. Calyx 
proper tubular, five-cleft: teeth subulate, acute, ciliated. 
Corolla monopetalous : lacinia, five, filiform, unequal : the 
three upper ones three or four times longer than the two 
lower. Stamens 4, distinct, longer than the corolla : anthers 
two-lobed, deep blue. Style shorter than stamens ; stigma 
bifid. Receptacle paleaceous. Taste of the leaves slightly 

This plant apparently varies very much in the size of the 
radical leaves, which in our specimen, with the footstalk, 
rarely equalled an inch in length, whereas Pollich describes 
them as being four inches and a half long ; perhaps more 
than one species have been confounded together. The 
three teeth at the apex of the leaf are very frequently 
wanting altogether, and are always much less remarkable 
than in Globularia Alypum. According to Scopoli the 
leaves of the former year are emarginate with a mucro in 
the middle and the young leaves three -toothed. 

Native of Switzerland and the south of Europe. Flowers 
in May. Communicated by Mr. Anderson from the Chelsea 
garden, who received it from Switzerland through Mr. 


( 2257 ) 

Chaptalia tomentosa. Wooly-leaved 

ait jIlA alt .*fc alt alt A ifc &. alt afc ■4'. A alt A A juit 
/f»' Vff vp <i» w 4» W ♦ «1» vf> flf <T» 1* <r> 4* >r> a> ■t> Vf> 

C/ass awrf Order. 

Syngenesia Polygamia Necessaria. 

Generic Character. 

Receptaculum nudum. Pappus simplex. Flosculi radii 
in duplici serie diffbrmes, feminei. Flosculi disci masculi 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Chaptalia tomentosa; foliis obovato-oblongis retrorsum 
denticulatis supra ianatis subtus argenteo-tomentosis, 
flore nutante. 

Chaptalia tomentosa; foliis ovato-oblongis integerrimis 
subtus argenteo-tomentosis, scapo nudo unifloro, flore 
nutante. Pursh. Fl. Amer. Sept. 2. p. 577. 

Chaptalia integrifolia. Ventenat Cels. 61. NuttaU Gen. 2. 
p. 182. 

Tussilago integrifolia; foliis oblongo ovalibus integerrimis, 
scapo nudissimo nutante unifloro : ligulis radiantibus 
femineis; flosculisextimisfiliformibusfemineis; intimis 
infundibuliformibus submasculis. Michaux Flor. Bor. 
Amer. 2. p. 121. 

Tussilago integrifolia; scapo unifloro nudo, flore radiato 
nutante, foliis sessilibus oblongo-lanceolatis obtusis 
denticulatis subtus tomentosis. fVilld. Sp. PL 3. p. 

Perdicium semiflosculare ? Walt. Flor. Carol, n. 318. 

Descr. Leaves radical, oblong-obovate, obtuse, narrowed 
at the base into a short petiole, margin denticulate with 
teeth directed downwards, green and woolly on the upper 
surface, and covered with a dense white cottony pubescence 


on the under. Scape without bractes, upright,, one-flowered, 
cottony, twice or three times longer than the leaves. Calyx 
cylindrical : leaflets linear, lower ones shortest. Flowers 
white, nodding. Raj/ many -flowered, quite entire, female : 
within the ray is a row of female florets with an imperfect 
petal, shorter than the style, and within that another row, 
likewise female, without any corolla : stigma bifid revolute. 
Male florets confined to the centre of the disk, bilabiate : 
upper Up, in our specimen, apparently quite entire, lower 
lip generally two-cleft, both revolute. 

Our plant having been brought from Paris by Mr. Wal- 
ker, there can be little doubt but that it is the same with 
Ventenat's ; but his figure represents the leaves as quite 
entire and the flower nearly upright. Pursh and Michaux 
also both describe the leaves as quite entire. But the de- 
scription by Nuttall, who had no doubt seen the living 
plant, agrees well with our own observation. The denticu- 
lation being in all cases small, and in some perhaps nearly 
obsolete, might escape notice in dried specimens, and 
indeed, as the leaf shrinks in drying, are nearly concealed 
by the thick tomentum, which extends quite to the edge. 

Chaptalia, a genus established by Ventenat and named 
in honour of M. Chaptal, will comprehend likewise Tussi- 
lago nutans, albicans, dentata, and perhaps some other 
species, together with part of the genus Perdicium. We 
doubt indeed whether Tussilago dentata of Linn^us taken 
up from Plumier (Icon. 40. f. 2.) be not the same species 
with our plant. 

A hardy perennial. Native of North America. Com- 
municated by John Walker, Esq. 

Jj-d ij S 6«i*.*T»Jr5»StJWaix*««- 

( 2258 ) 

Euphorbia epithymoides. Broad-leaved 


&• A / - A*. A'- A/- .^t r^t A'- A'- A'-. A'- A', A'^ A'. A'' A' A'- A'- ■SI'. 

•Jf? vf. vf." "if* */?*• vfv */f.* 9|r /fr "Sp "/tx" vf,' */jv' vjs" vk v|y if? vf." "^" 

C'/#ss cwc? Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cor. 4- s. 5-petala, calyci insidens. Cal. 1-phyllus, ven- 
tricosus. Caps. 3-cocca. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Euphorbia epithymoides ; umbella quinquefida : trifida : 
subbifida, involucellis ovatis, foliis obovato-oblongis 
subtus villosis, capsulis papilloso-hispidis. 

Euphorbia epithymoides; umbella quinquefida : bifida, invo- 
lucellis ovatis, foliis lanceolatis obtusis subtus villosis. 
Sp. PL 656. Syst. Veg. ed. 14. p. 452. Jacq. Flor. 
Austr. 4. p. 23. t. 344. 

Euphorbia epithymoides; umbella quinquefida: bifida, in- 
volucellis ovatis dentatis, foliis integerrimis lanceolatis 
obtusis retusis subtus villosis, capsulis papilloso-his- 
pidis. Willd. Sp. PI. 2. p. 909. Persoon Syn. 2. p. 
16. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 3. p. 165. Bot. Repos. 616. 

Tithymalus epithymi fructu. Col. Ecphr. 2. p. 52. t. 51 ? 

Peplios altera species. Bauh. Pin. 292 ? 

Jacquin observes that the Involucrum of this species con- 
sists of five leaflets nearly like those of the stem : and says 
the umbel is generally divided into five rays, which are 
again divided into three, and these into two. In cultivation 
there is less constancy in the numbers of the divisions of 
the umbel. The stem, leaves, and involucella, are covered 
with a dense soft pubescence scarcely visible to the naked 
eye, but more evident in the young state. We have never 


seen the leaves nearly so broad in proportion to their 
length as they are represented in the figure in the Botanist's 
Repository. The plant described and figured by Columna, 
which is quoted as a synonym by Linn^us,, is so different 
from Jacquin's,, that this author expresses a doubt of its 
being the same, though he speaks confidently of his own, 
being the same species as that of Linnaeus. 

A hardy perennial. Native of Austria. Flowers in May 
and June. Cultivated according to Donn in 1805. Com- 
municated by Mr. Anderson from the Chelsea garden. 

XzSiS. I 

^.v— ■ 

( 2259 ) 

Seseli gummiferum. Gummy Meadow-. 


Class and Order. 
Pentandria Digynia. 

Generic Character. 

Umbelke globosae. Involucrum folio uno alterove. Fructus 
ovatus striatus. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Seseli gummiferum; involucellis monophyllis multifidis 

umbellulas aequantibus, foliis subtripinnatis glaucis : 

pinnulis cuneatis trifidis. 
Seseli gummiferum ; involucellis polyphyllis : foliolis lan- 

ceolato-linearibus basi lato-connexis, flosculis subses- 

silibus, caule folioso, foliolis cuneiformibus. Sm. Exotic 

Bot. t. 120. 
Seseli gummiferum ; involucellis polyphyllis basi connatis, 

foliis subtripinnatis glaucis. Poir. Encycl. suppl. 5 

p. 139. 

Sir James Smith has remarked that this species is nearly 
related to Seseli Hippomarathrum ; and it seems to have a 
still nearer affinity with Seseli dichotomum, a species pro- 
bably not known to him at that time. Indeed it appears to 
us, that these three species might with advantage be sepa- 
rated from the genus Seseli, from the true species of which 
they all differ in having a monophyllous calyx, or one in 
which the leaflets are all broadly united at their base, 
and perhaps also in the form of the seed, but whether this 
is alike in all the three in question we have not had an 
opportunity of examining. 

This plant was first found by Pallas in the Crimea, who 
has repeatedly mentioned it, without giving any description 


or figure. But it has since been both described and figured 
in Exotic Botany by our friend Sir James Edward Smith, 
from specimens received from Mr. Lambert and the late 
Lady Amelia Hume. This plant, as well as Seseli dicho- 
tomum when wounded in dry and warm weather exudes a 
strong-smelling gum-resin. 

A hardy perennial. Flowers in August and September. 
Communicated by Mr. Anderson from the Chelsea Garden. 


Tut.lfS.CvrtisHakrerth , |nj 

( 2260 ) 
Spartium radiatum. Starry Broom. 


Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Stigma longitudinal^ supra villosum. Filamenta ger- 
mini adhaerentia. Cat. deorsum productus. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Spartium radiatum ; foliis ternatis linearibus., petiolis dila- 
tatis persistentibus, racemis capitatis terminalibus, 
ramis angulatis. Willd. Sp. PL 3. p. 934. Hort. Kew. 
ed. alt. 4. p. 257. 

Spartium radiatum; foliis ternatis linearibus sessilibus, 
petiolis persistentibus, ramis oppositis angulatis. Sp. 
PL 996. Mill. icon. t. 259. /. 1. 

Spartium radiatum; ramis oppositis tetragonis stipula 
foliorum persistente fultis, apice umbellatim floriferis, 
foliis ternatis linearibus subverticillatis. Jacq. Col- 
lect. 3 p. 83. 

Spartium minimum montanum triphyllon. Col. Ecphr. 1. 
p. 295. t. 294. fig. bona. 

Genista radiata ; foliis oppositis ternatis linearibus, petio- 
lis persistentibus brevissimis dorso tricarinatis. Lam. 
Encycl. 2. p. 622. 

Genista radiata. Scop. Cam. 2. p. 51. 

Genista radiata seu stellaris. Bauh. Hist. 1. part 2. 
p. 399. cum icone. Raj. Hist. 1727. 

The ternate subulate leaves of this plant being opposite, 
^ive it a verticillated aspect, which at once distinguishes it 
from the rest of the genus. Lamarck observes that there 
are no characters in the fructification by which Spartium 
and Genista can be distinguished from each other ; on 


which account he has, as well as Jussieu, united them into 
one genus, and remarks that Genista lusitanica of Linn^us 
in its characters taken from the fructification, corresponds 
in every respect with our present plant, and that indeed, 
except by the spines of the former, these two plants could 
hardly be distinguished as species. On the other hand 
Monch has made three other genera out of these two, 
under the names of Genistoides, Genistella, and Scorphjs. 
Spartium radiatum forms a low branched shrub, which 
is sufficiently hardy to bear the cold of our ordinary winters. 
Native of Italy and Carniolia. Cultivated by Philip 
Miller in 1758. Flowers in June and July. Communi- 
cated by John Walker, Esq. 



( 2261 ) 
Orobus niger. Black Bitter- Vetch. 

i^r ■fri ■'Vi ■4 i 'i Jit ."l^ jfc .'!'■ A .'fr. A lit <fc >i/. >i/ >t». <t». J* 
-f» V >f» -f" MV ■*■ W <fl» ♦ W W H» MS? MS- Vf> MV W P 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Stylus linearis. Cat. basi obtusus : laciniis superioribus 
profundioribus, brevioribus. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Orobus niger; caule ramoso, foliis sexjugis ovato-oblongis. 

Willd. Sp. PL 3. p. 1076. Spec. PI. 1028. Hort. 

Kew. ed alt. 4. p. 304. Pollich Pal. n. 674. Scop. 

Cam. v. 2. p. 59. Decand. Fl. Franc. 4. p. 586. Fl. 

danica. t. 1170. 
Orobus caule ramoso ; foliis ovatis, duodenis. Hall. Hist. 

n. 418. 
Orobus pannonicus I. Clus. Hist. 2. p. 230. Clus. 

Pannon. p. 737. icon adfinem appendicis. 
Orobus sylvaticus viciaj foliis. Bauh. Pin. 352. Rivin. 

Pentap. 60. 
Astragaloides. Dod. Pempt. 551. — altera Lob. ic. 2. p. 78. 

A rather ornamental hardy herbaceous perennial, which 
owes its name to the circumstance of its always turning 
black in drying. Haller remarks that its roots are sweet. 
Native of most parts of Europe, but not of Britain. Culti- 
vated in 1596 by John Gerard. Flowers in June and 
July. Communicated by John Walker, Esq. 


F~».»y. J. «w<-fc.4 .W »*, « .-th. . tf _ , 

( 2262 } 

Cineraria aurantiaca. Orange-coloured 



Class and Order. 
Syngenesia Polygamia Superflua. 

Generic Character. 

Recept. nudum. Pappus simplex. Cal. simplex, poly- 
phyllus, aequalis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Cineraria aurantiaca ; floribus subternis terminalibus, 
caule simplici, foliis radicalibus ovatis obsolete cre- 
natis ; caulinis lanceolatis integerrimis, calycibus 
sphacelatis. Willd. Sp. PL 3. p. 2081. Poir. Encycl. 
Suppl. v. 2. p. 264. 

Cineraria aurantiaca; foliis radicalibus ovatis petiolatis 
subdentatis ; caulinis linearibus integerrimis decurren- 
tibus, caule paucifloro. Hoppe cent. pi. 4. 

Cineraria aurantiaca (|3.) tomentosa. Dec. Fl. Franc. 4. 
p. 170. Lodd. Cab. 325. 

Cineraria alpina. var. Wulfen in Jacq. MiscelL 1. p. 156. 
t. 17. /. 4. AIL Ped. n. 738. t. 38. /. 2. 

Cineraria integrifolia. Vill. Dauph. 3. p. 22b. 

Descr. Radical leaves ovate, petiolate, subcrenulate. 
Stem erect, about six inches high, tomentose. Cauline 
leaves lanceolate, quite entire. Flowers in a terminal 
corymb from two to four, of a red orange colour, both 
the ray and disk. Calyx cylindrical. Leaflets in one simple 
series, sphacelate at the tip. Pappus sessile, simply 
hairy. Stem and leaves covered with a thick, white, cottony 
tomentum. There is said to be a variety with smooth 

Native of the Alps of Dauphiny, in Piedmont, and of 
Mount Cenis. Flowers in May. Communicated by Mr. 
Anderson from the Chelsea Garden Is not recorded in the 
Hortus Kewensis, nor in Sweet's Hortus Suburbann- 


?»*.%*■ S- t^U* ."Warn «-£V S^.% 

( 2263 ) 

Erica sanguinolenta. Dark-flowered 


Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

CaL 4-phyllus. Cor. persistens : limbo 4-fido. An- 
therce ante} anthesin per foramina duo lateralia connexae. 
Caps. 4 — 8-locularis, 4 — 8-valvis. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 
Sect. VI. Parviflorae B. Antherae aristatae. Folia tenia. 

Erica sanguinolenta ; floribus terminalibus, foliis linearibus 
mucronulatis, corollis cyathiformibus hirtis pedunculis 
remote bibracteatis longioribus, stylo exserto. 

Erica sanguinolenta. Lodd. Cab. 468. 

A low thickly-branched shrub, seldom exceeding eight 
inches in height. Leaves linear, mucronulate, smooth or 
clothed with thinly scattered hairs, about one third of an 
inch long, ternate. Flowers very numerous, of a very dark 
blood colour, terminal on small branches, usually four toge- 
ther, sometimes three, two, or only one. Peduncles shorter 
than the corolla, with two minute bractes distant from the 
calyx, whose leaflets are ovate, closely adpressed to the 
cup-shaped corolla, covered on the outside with white glan- 
dular hairs, very open at the mouth : border four-cleft, 
erect. Anthers very dark, shorter than the tube of the 
corolla. Style exserted : stigma capitate. 

Native of* the Cape of Good Hope. Flowers most part 
of the Summer. Propagated by cuttings. Communicated 
by Messrs. Loddiges and Sons. 



( 2264 ) 
PjEonia pubens. Downy Peony. 

•J/. S/. -3/. «J/ -1/ vfr vl/. vt/ --V. >3/. <3s 4/ -J/ vl/ ^ ■£> n!/. >!/. >». 
W TJrJf* ♦ 4» -V <§» <¥ M* <t> 4" ♦ <•» ■*> 4» <#» IP <f> <f» 

Cfass and Order. 


Generic Character. 
Cal. 5-phyllus. Petala 5. StyliO. Caps, polyspermy. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

PjEOnia pubens ; foliis biternatis ; foliolis lanceolatis subtus 
mollissime pubescentibus, germinibus albido-tomen- 
tosis, stigmate suborbiculato, caule petiolis peduncu- 
lisque hirsutis. 

PjEonia lobata. Desfont. Cat. Hort. Paris ? vix De 

This plant was received from the Royal garden at Paris 
by our friend Alexander Mac Leay, Esq. under the name 
of PiEONiA lobata, and may therefore be the species so called 
by M. Desfontaines, in his catalogue of the garden. It 
can however hardly be the lobata described by M. De Can- 
dolle, in his Regni Vegetabilis Systema Naturale, as he de- 
scribes his plant to be in every part smooth, and the division 
of the leaves as totally different. In our specimen the leaflets 
were lanceolate, very much pointed, smooth above, but 
very villous underneath ; the stem, the petioles, and pedun- 
cles hairy ; germens 2, covered with a white tomentum, 
and crowned with a round, cap-like, deep-purple stigma ; 
Jilaments of a deep crimson colour : anthers oblong. 

It flowered in Mr. Mac Leay's garden in May last ; and 
also in that of the Horticultural Society. Mr. Sabine, who 
has probably the largest collection of Peonys extant, con- 
siders it as entirely different from any species described in 
the highly valuable monograph on this genus by the late 
George Anderson, Esq. published in the twelfth volume of 
the transactions of the Linnean Society ; a work that we 


regret we neglected to consult when giving; our account of 
the PjEonia Moutan var. papaveracea. No. 2175. 

It is a hardy perennial ; its native country unknown ; 
indeed it is uncertain whether it is the natural product of 
any, or the produce of cultivation, as Mr. Sabine suspects 
may be the case, not with this only, but with some others 
that are at present regarded as distinct species. 

~-<-g Wotrart^.i/J-iija 

( 2265 ) 

Spartium virgatum. Long-twigged 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Stigma Iongitudinale, supra villosum. Filamenta ger- 
mini adhaerentia. Cat deorsum productus. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Spartium virgatum; foliis simplicibus lanceolatis, ramis 

virgatis striatis diffusis, racemis tenninalibus. L'Herit. 

Stirp. nov. 2. p. 183 : in conspectu fasciculi septimi 

nunquam editi. 
Spartium virgatum ; ramis teretibus striatis, foliis lanceo- 

lato-oblongis sericeis, calycibus infundibuliforniibus 

bilabiatis hirtis, vexillo carinaque pubescentibus. 

Hort. Kew. ed. 1.3. p. 11. 
Spartium virgatum ; ramis teretibus striatis, floribus axil- 

laribus solitariis subracemosis, vexillis carinaque pu- 

bescentibus, foliis oblongo-lanceolatis sericeis. Willd. 

Sp. PL 3. p. 928. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 4. p. 255. 
Cytisus tener; foliis simplicibus lanceolatis, ramis teretibus. 

St/st. Veg. ed. 14. p. 667. Jacq. Collect. 1. p. 40, Ic. 

Tar. 1. t. 147. 
Genista gracilis. Poiret Encycl. Rot. 2. p. 715, 

In our specimens the flowers grow constantly in terminal 
few-flowered racemes, on very short branches, and are so 
described in Jacquin's Collectanea. Willdenow, however, 
has altered the character, and described the flowers as axil- 
lary and solitary, on which account we have preferred that 
given by L'Heritier. We suspect that specimens of 


Spartium pur gems have been sometimes confounded with 
this plant. 

Native of Madeira., and usually considered as a green- 
house shrub ; but according" to the experience of Mr. 
Walker, in a trial of one winter at Southgate, it appears 
to be hardy enough to bear being exposed without shelter. 
Flowers from March to June. Introduced to the Kew 
Garden in 1777. Propagated by cuttings. 



( 2266 ) 
Erica gemmifera. Gem-bearing Heath. 

A'. iV. A'. A\ A'. A". A'. .'I*. A*. A/". A y . A'. iV. A*. A/- At. A'. A'. A'. 
7r> Vf» VT» vK & *f Vf- W CT <t? W >}> vf. •/$» 'J[f yfi ip vf. 

C/ass and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. 4-phyllus. Co?\ persistens : limbo 4-fido. Anthers 
ante anthesin per foramina duo lateralia connexae. Caps. 
4 — 8-locularis, 4 — 8-valvis. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Sect. II. Longiflor^e. P. Anthers muticae. Folia qua- 
terna. Flores axillares. Bractece, 2-calyci proximae, tertia 

Erica gemmifera ; ramis apice clavatis foliis ovatis ciliatis 

aristatis, tubo corollae apiee angustato. 
Erica gemmifera. Lodd. Cab. n. 457. 

This species has a very near affinity with Erica Massoni, 
but differs in the greater length of the flowering branches, 
in the sterile ones being thickened instead of contracted at 
(he extremity ; in the leaves being shorter and more erect ; 
in the whorl consisting of fewer flowers, having the tube 
narrowed at the extremity, not inflated as in Massoni. 

The flowers shine like a gem, being covered with a resi- 
nous varnish, more solid, and consequently less viscous 
than in E. Massoni. 

A native of the Cape of Good Hope. Flowers in the 
summer months. Propagated by cuttings. Will not bear 
over watering. Communicated by Messrs. Loddiges and 
Sons, according to whom it was introduced in 1802. 

( 2267 ) 

Ranunculus cassubicus. Cassubian 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-phyllus. Petala 5, intra ungues poro mellifero. 
Sem. nuda. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Ranunculus cassubicus ; foliis radicalibus reniformibus 
crenatis ; caulinis digitatis serratis ; supremis lineari- 
bus subintegerrimis, caule multifloro. 

Ranunculus cassubicus ; foliis radicalibus subrotundo-cor- 
datis crenatis ; caulinis digitatis dentatis, caule multi- 
floro. Sp. PL 775. mild. 2. p. 1314. Hort. Kew. 
ed. alt. 3. p. 353. Lam. Encycl. 6. p. 108. 

Ranunculus cassubicus ; foliis glabris radicalibus petiolatis 
reniformibus crenatis, caulinis in lobos lineares serratos 
partitis. Dec. Syst. Veg.nat. 1. p. 267. 

Ranunculus aconitifolius folio rotundo ad radicem praesto- 
lante. Loes. Pruss. 225. t. 72. 

Ranunculus rotundifolius vernus sylvaticus major vel 
cassubicus, folio Thorae seu Calthae. Breyn. Prodr. 1. 
p. 45. Tourn. inst. 285. 

The leaflets at the first division into branches are repre- 
sented by Lgesel, as in our figure, oblong-ovate, and by no 
means linear, an epithet that at most can only be applied 
to the uppermost leaf. 

This species has been by some, with very little reason, 
regarded as a variety of Ranunculus auricomus ; from 
which it appears to us to be totally distinct. 

A hardy perennial, rarely to be met with in our gardens, 
having neither beauty nor fragrance to recommend it 
to cultivators. Native of Prussia, Pomeranian Cassubia, 
and Siberia. Introduced in 1794 by Messrs. Loddiges and 
sons, by whom it was communicated to us. 


Bub-trr. S, Cu>C* . "W*m<» 


Ti&.U.S.tiM;i yr±arr*. Oit>i afi 


( 2268 ) 

Melaleuca decussata. Decussate 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Staminum phalanges 5, petalis opposite elongate : An- 
ther<e incumbentes. Caps. 3-loeularis, polyspermaj con- 
nata et inclusa calycis tubo incrassato basi adnato (ramo). 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Melaleuca decussata ; foliis oppositis decussatis ovali-Iai*- 
ceolatis trinervibus, spicis ovalibus glaberrimis, pha- 
langibus polyandris : unguibus brevissimis. Brown in 
Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 4. p. 415. 

An elegant flowering shrub, first discovered by our friend 
Robert Brown, Esq. on the south coast of New Holland, 
near the port of Lincoln. Introduced into the Kew garden 
in 1803. The leaves in this species are opposite cross- 
wise, making four equal ranks ; and like most of the natural 
order are aromatic, having a slight taste of Cajeput. 

Cultivation makes a considerable change in the inflores- 
cence of this shrub ; the flowers often appearing to grow in 
roundish heads on peduncles ; but these are in reality 
branches, with sessile flowers ; and after the flower decays 
are elongated, and the part of the branch on which the 
fruit grows is thickened, so that the capsules become half 
immersed in the wood. 

Flowers from June to September. Requires the shelter 
of a greenhouse. Propagated by cuttings. Communicated 
seven years ago by Messrs. Loddiges and Sons. 



( 2269 ) 
Lavatera plebeia. Mallow-like Lav atera. 


Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Cal. duplex : exterior trifidus. Caps, plurimae, mono- 
sperm ae. 

Specific Character. 

Lavatera plebeia ; caule herbaceo scabro, foliis quinque- 
lobatis subtus pubescentibus, pedunculis axillaribus 
aggregatis, petalis cuneiformibus emarginatis acutis. 

Descr. Stem erect, five or six feet high, scabrous. Leaves 
generally five-lobed, with the lower lobe sometimes divided, 
the terminal one elongated, smooth above, green-tomentose 
underneath, margin crenate : Petioles the length of the 
lamina, with which they are united by a sort of joint. 
Peduncles aggregate (in the specimen from which our 
figure was taken solitary), of unequal lengths, swelled at 
the upper extremity. Outer Calyx half three-cleft, obtuse ; 
inner Calyx half five-cleft, acute. Flowers very like those 
of the common mallow : Petals striate, wedge-shaped, 
emarginate : Claws distant above, united at the base. Seeds 
about twelve, surrounding a conical receptacle. 

Our drawing was taken from a small plant raised in a 
pot, communicated by Mr. Knight, of the Exotic Nursery, 
m July ; but our description from vigorous plants grow- 
ing in the open ground at Messrs. Whitley, Milne, and 
Brame's in September. In the latter the middle lobe of 
the leaves was more elongated, and the flowers usually 
aggregate, from two to five together. The stem had all the 
appearance of being herbaceous, but in a specimen kept in 
a pot at Mr. Kent's after the flowering was over, the stem 
became ligneous and put forth fresh shoots the whole 

length ; 

length ; so that it may be either herbaceous or frutescent, 
according to the treatment. 

Native of New Holland ; first observed in one of the late 
expeditions beyond the Blue mountains. Mr. Brown col- 
lected a nearly related, but distinct species, on the southern 




MftdleU •/■ 

( 2270 ) 

Gazania uniflora. Golden-flowered 


Class and Order. 
Syngenesia Polygamia Frustranea. 

Generic Character. 

Uecept. epaleatum (nudum ; v. alveola turn germinibus 
exsertis). Semina villosissima. Pappus piloso-paleaceus 
Col. monophyllus : tubo foliolis imbricatis tecto v. nudo. 

Specific Character. 

Gazania uniflora ; caule fruticoso decumbente, foliis spa- 

thulato-lanceolatis subtus tomentosis, scapo unifloro 

calyceque glaberrimis, radio concolore. 
Gorteria uniflora; herbacea, foliis obovato-oblongis ob- 

tusis subtus niveo-tomentosis, caule decumbente, pe- 

dunculis unifloris. Thumb. Prodr. 162. Act. Soc. 

Nat. Hqfn. v. 4. pars. 2. p. 5. t. 2. /. 2. 
Gorteria uniflora; caulibus unifloris depressis, foliis lance- 

olatis indivisis subtus tomentosis. Lin. Suppl. p. 382. 

Si/st. Veg. ed. 14. p. 784. 

The habit of this plant is exactly that of Gazania rigens 
(Gorteria rigens. not. Mag. t. 90), and the leaves shew 
somewhat of the same tendency to become lobed. But the 
calyx is smoother than that of the latter, which, though other- 
wise smooth, has ciliated segments ; the flower is much smaller, 
and wants the dark purple eye at the base of the ray, this 
part and the disk being of one uniform colour, except a 
slight increase of intensity towards the base of the ligulae. 

Native of the Cape of Good Hope, on the sea coast, near 
the river Zecko. Flowers in July and August. Propagated 
by cuttings. Communicated by Mr. Joseph Knight, from 
his extensive collection at the Exotic Nursery, Kings-road. 






( 2271 ) 


ale A ilf, ah alt iffm A, A .^ i^. ■'fr. .^T'. A ."fr. ifr. A - fr- A ^ 

Gfas* a«rf Order 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic CJiaracter. 

Cal. 5-partitus. Cor. rotata, 5-partita, laciniis lineari- 
bus. Stigma 2- s. 3-fidum. Caps. %~ s. 3-locularis, 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Phyteuma scorzanerifolia ; spica elongata cylindrica, foliis 

lineari-lanceolatis canaliculatis dentato-serratis, stig- 

mate bifido. 
Phyteuma scorzonerifolium ; spica elongata cylindrica, flori- 

bus inferioribus remotis, foliis lanceolatis crenatis ; 

superioribus linearibus. Willd. Enum. p. 215. 
Phyteuma scorzonerifolia ; foliis omnibus oblongis leviter 

crenatis ; supremis linearibus, spica elongata. ViUars 

Dauph. 2. p. 519. t. 12. / 2. Excluso synonymo 

Allioni. De franc. 3. p. 713. 

Descr. Stem erect, simple, smooth. Leaves linear-lan- 
ceolate, decurrent down the footstalk, dentate-serrate, sides 
folded inwards, smooth. Spike oblong. Flowers crowded 
together, subsessile. Bractes shorter than the small, cam- 
panulate, five-toothed Calyx with linear distant segments. 
Corolla 5-cleft : lacinice linear, united at the point and 
bulging open downwards ; but after flowering distinct the 
whole length and twisted about irregularly. Stamens 
five : Anthers oblong, red, quickly shedding their purple 
Pollen ; with which the style is entirely covered when first 
projected and appears club-shaped, but afterwards the 


Stigma becomes bifid and recurved, by which, as well as by 
the length of the spike and want of the long bractes, it is 
distinguished from Phyteuma Scheuchzeri. (Supra t. 1797J 
which has a trifid stigma. Varies with a white flower. 

Native of the Alps of Dauphiny. A hardy perennial. 
Flowers in July and August. Communicated by Mr. 
Anderson from the Chelsea Garden. Is not recorded in the 
last edition of the Hortus Kewensis. 

Hi v 1 * i T%^v^v ^H 

II mSlff If ^^8 

'ffiiUHP v 

( 2272 ) 
Aloe Microcantha! Small-spined Aloe. 

Class and Order, 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. erecta, ore patulo, fundo nectarifero. Filamenta 
receptaculo inserta. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 
Sect.* Corollis cylindricis reflexis. 

Aloe microcantha ; foliis lineari-loratis canaliculatis mar- 
gine spinulosis,, racemo umbellato laxo, pedunculis 
corolla longioribus. 

Aloe microcantha; foliis anguste ensiformibus inferne albo- 
maculatis, maculis ssepe tuberculiformibus oblongis 
sparsis numerosis, spinis marginalibus rectis albis 
minutissimis. Haworth Suppl. PI. succul. p. 105. 

Descr. Leaves linear-lanceolate, scarcely a foot and a 
half long, half an inch wide at the base, and gradually 
tapering to the point ; deeply channelled, margins armed 
with very minute white spines somewhat recurved, palish 
green with white oval distinct spots, not very fleshy, and of 
a supple consistence. Scape nearly a foot long, semicylin- 
drical at the lower part and rounded above, clothed with 
distinct, ovate, acuminate, streaked, scariose Bractes, half 
embracing the stem. Flowers in a terminal, subumbellate, 
lax raceme, at first erect, then nodding. Peduncles white, 
erect, longer than the corolla, which is cylindrical, an inch 
and a half long, with rose coloured petals tipped with 
green, a little recurved at the point : the three exterior 
ones somewhat the shortest. Filaments unequal : Anthers 
oval, orange coloured : Style the length of the corolla : 
Stigma capitate. 


For this very rare species, which is supposed not to exist 
in any of our other collections except in that of Kew, 
where it was introduced about two years since from the 
Cape of Good Hope, we are indebted to Thomas Kitchin, 
Esq. of Norwich, in whose garden, rich in succulent plants, 
it flowered in July last. 

I N D E X. 

In which the English Names of the Plants contained in the Forty- 
Eighth Volume are alphabetically arranged. 






Adam's-needle,Lyon's narrow- 


Aloe, Small-spined. 

Aiuaranthus, Shewy. 

Arethusa, Bulbous. 

Arum, Spiral-flowered. 

Aspalathus, Ciliated. 

■ Goosefoot. 

Bindweed, Two-coloured. 

Bitter-Vetch, Black. 

Broom, Long-twigged. 

■ Starry. 

Bugloss, Italian. 

Catch-fly, Jagged-flowered. 

Chaptalia, Woolly-leaved. 

Chloranthus, One-spiked. 

Cineraria, Orange-coloured. 

Claytonia, Siberian. 

Crinum, Deep-rooted. 



Crocus, Largest purple spring. 

Crowfoot, Cassubiau. 

• Cut-leaved. 

Cryptostennna, Mary gold- 

Cuphea, Enchanter's Night- 

Dendrobium, Hooded. 

Dillwynia, Grey. 

Dodartia, Oriental. 

Dolichos, Chinese. 

Drypis, Prickly. 

Eugenia, Myrtle-leaved. 

Falkia, Creeping. 

Foxglove, Levant. 

— — . Wooly-leaved. 

Furcroea, Gigantic. 

Gastrolobium, Two-lobed. 

Gazania, Golden-flowered. 

Geodorum, Lemon-coloured. 

Globularia, Common ; or Blue 

Goafs-Rue, Oriental. 

Ilakea, Shining-leaved. 


2263 Heath, Dark-flowered. 
2266 Gem-bearing. 

2213 Hedysarum, Alpine. 
2269 Lavatera, Mallow-like. 
2226 ■ Three-Lobed. 

2214 Lebeckia, Naked. 

2223 Liparia, Concave-leaved. 

2238 Lobelia, Kalm's. 

2251 Long-stalked. 

2189 Magnolia, Large-leaved. 

2218 Marigold, Large-flowered. 
2237 Meadow-rue, Alpine. 

2259 Meadow-Saxifrage, Gummy. 
2268 Melaleuca, Decussate. 
2235 Melastoma, Osbeckia-like. 

2241 — Red-veined. 

2203 Oncidium, Zig-zag. 

2248 Onosma, Siberian simple. 

2209 Palma-Christi; or Castor-Oil 


2264 Peony, Downy. 

2244 Puschkinia, Squil-like. 
2271 Bampion, Scorzonera-leaved. 
2254 Rue, Large-flowered, flax- 

2191 Rulingia, Cloth-leaved. 
2207 Saxifrage, Fountain. 
2198 Sheeps-bit, Perennial. 
2193 Sida, Smooth Virginian. 
2211 Snow-Berry. 

2210 Speedwell, Orchis-flowered. 
2258 Spurge, Broad-leaved. 

2224 Stonecrop, Blue-flowered. 
2234 Storks-bill, Dioecious black- 

2249 Stylidium, Fine-leaved. 
2221 Tobacco, Langsdorflf's. 
2202 Tocth-wort, Five-leaved. 

2245 Vanda, Chequer-flowered. 
2200 Vervain, Lambert's. 
2206 Vetch, Saint-foin. 

2219 Wall-cress, Nodding. 

2239 Water-Iris, Pale-yellow. 
2196 Wolfs-bane, Carpathian. 

2215 Wood-sorrel, Violet-coloured. 


In which the Latin Names of the Plants contained in the Forty- 
Eighth Volume are alphabetically arranged, 




Aeonitum septentriouale, (3. 
Aloe microcantha. 
Amaranthus speciosus. 
Auchusa italica. 
Arabia nutans. 
Arethusa bulbosa. 
Arum spirale. 
Aspalathus cbenopoda. 


Calendula chrysaullieniifolia. 
Cliaptalia tomentosa. 
Chloranthus monostacbys. 
Cineraria aurantiaca. 
Clavtonia sibirica. 
Convolvulus bicolor. 
Crinum declinatutn. 
— defixum. 


Crocus vernus, y. obovatus. 
Cryptostemma calendulacea a. 
Cuphea circaeoides. 
Denbrobium cucullatum. 
Dentaria pentapbylla. 
Digitalis orientalis. 


Dillwynia ciueraseens. 
Dodartia orientalis. 
Dolicbos sinensis. 
Drypis spinosa. 
Erica gemruifera. 


Eugenia rayrtifolia. 
Euphorbia epitbymoides. 
Falkia repens. 
Furcroea gigantea. 
Galega orientalis. 
Gastrolobium bilobum. 
Gazania uniflora 
Geodorum citrinum. 
Globularia vulgaris. 
Hakea nitida. 
Iledysaium alpiuum. 




Ja.-iioue perendis. 

Iris Pseudacosus, 0. pallido- 

Lavatera plebeia. 


Lebeckia nuda. 
Liparia vestita. 
Lobelia Kalmii. 


Magnolia macrophylla. 
Melaleuca decussata. 
Melastoma osbeckioides. 


Nicotiana Langsdorffii. 
Oncidium flexuosum. 
Onosma simplicisiima. 
Orobus niger. 
Oxalis violacea. 
Paeonia pubens. 
Pelargonium dioicum. 
Puschkiuia seilloides. 
Phyteuma scorzonerifolia. 
Ranunculus cassubicus. 


Ricinus communis. 
Rulingia pannosa. 
Ruta linifolia, j3. grandiflora. 
Saxifraga irrigua. 
Sedum caeruleum. 
Seseli gummiferum. 
Sida Napaea. 
Silene lacera. 
Spartium radiatum. 
Spartium virgatum. 
Stylidium tenuifolium. 
Symphoria racemosa. 
Thalictrum alpinum. 
Vanda Roxburghii. 
Verbena Lamberti. 
Veronica orcludea. 
Vicia onobrythioides. 
Yucca angusrifoha.