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Full text of "Curtis's botanical magazine."

C U R T I S' S 

Botanical Magazine; 



OR, 

FLOWER-GARDEN DISPLAYED: 

IN WHICH 

The most Ornamental Foreign Plants, cultivated in the Open 
Ground, the Green-House, and the Stove, are accurately 
represented in their natural Colours. 

tO WHICH ARE ADDED, 

Their Names, Class, Order, Generic and Specific Characters, according 

to the celebrated Linnaeus ; their Places of Growth, 

and Times of Flowering ; 

Together with the moat approved Methods of Culture. 

A WORK 

Intended for the Use of such Ladies, Gentlemen, and Gardeners, as wish 
to become scientifically acquainted with the Plants they cultivate. 

By JOHN SIMS, M.D. 

Fellow of the Royal and Linnean Societies. 



VOL. XLIX. 

Being the Seventh of the New Series. 



The Fiowers, which grace their native beds, 

Awhile put forth their blushing heads, 

But e'er the close of parting day, 

They wither, shrink, and die away j 

But these, which mimic skill hath made, 

Nor scorched by suns, nor killed by shade, 

Shall blush wiUi less inconstant hne, 

Which art at pleasure can renew. Lloyd. 



Iton&on: 

Printed by Stephen Couchman, Throgmorton-Street. 

Published by Sherwood, Neely, & Jones, 20, Paternoster-How; 

And Sold by the principal Booksellers in Great-Britain and Ireland. 

MDCCCXXH. 



jfe&l 







( 2273 ) 

hlppeastrum pulverulentum. bloom- 
leaved Knight' s-star Lily. 

Class and Order. 

Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Bulbus subrotundus. Folia bifaria. Scapus 2 — 7-florus, 
pedunculatus, cavus. Germen trigone et subturbiuate 
oblongum, media parte paullfim constrictum, diversa direc- 
tione a tubo et pedunculo deelinatum. Tubus extus tri- 
gone sub-infundibuliformis, exterarum laciniarum margini- 
bus summa parte extus imbricantibus. Tubi faux arcta, 
oblique latere inferiore abbreviata, parte superiore intus 
vel laevi, vel gibbo parvulo munita, vel fimbriata, vel ca- 
lyptrata. Laciniarum quaterna discrepantia, exterarum 
superior duabus latior, internarum inferior duabus an- 
gustior. Filamenta declinata, imae laciniae adpressa, 
assurgenter curvata, quaterna longitudinis discrepantia, 
quaterna quoque positurae variatione gradatim tubo infra 
laciniarum junctionem inserta, externa internis breviora, 
sed ea tantum quae basi consimilium laciniarum sup- 
posita sunt longitudine et positura consimilia; superius 
minus abbreviatum, imum minus elongatum ; superius 
altius, imum profundiiis iusertum. Stylus declinatus. 
Stigma trilobum, saepe trifidum. Capsula germine erec- 
tion, 3-loc. 3-valv. extus profunde trisulcata. Ovula inulta, 
biseriatim cumulata, marginibus imbricantibus, angulo 
interiori loculi alligata. Semina uno ordine conserta, plana , 
integumento exteriore nigro, margine foliaceo cavo, interiore 
separabili, albumini magis conformi, albumine obovate 
piano. Embryo radicula integumenti interioris basi acumi- 
nata?, sed non exterioris umbilico approximate. W. H. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Hippeastrum puboerulentum ; laciniis exteris latioribus, 
foliis cinereo-pulverulentis basi purpurea. Fulgido 
affine, bulbo vt foliis majoribus, pcdimculis minus 

erectis. 



erectis, genuine longiore minus declinato, tubo laevi 
magis cernuo, filamentis magis fasciculatis. 

Amaryllis pulverulent a hortulanorum. 

Amaryllis acuminata. Bot. Reg. 534. 

Hippeastrum pulverulentum. Nobis in appendice. 



Descr. Bulb four inches in diameter or larger, bearing 
blind offsets, which is perhaps peculiar to some of the species 
with the mouth of the tube smooth. Leaves exceeding 
two inches in width and two feet in length, deep green, 
conspicuously covered with a cinereous bloom, purple at 
their base ; with a thick margin which is curved downwards. 
Scape about or under two feet, purple at the bottom. 
Spathe withering early. Peduncles about six, sloping more 
than those of fulgidum. Germen longer and less declined. 
Tube more cernuous, about an inch long at top, smooth at 
the mouth. Filaments crowded together, the upper late- 
rals not divaricating as in fulgidum. LacinicB a little 
broader in the middle than those of fulgidum, but not more 
pointed. Ovules about 52 in a cell. The plant figured in 
the Bot. Reg. is described as having the germen green, the 
tube greenish yellow, and the limb paler than fulgidum. 
That which is here represented, had the germen tinged with 
red, the tube marked like that of fulgidum , the limb paler 
than fulgidum v. miniata (supra 1943), but a little darker 
than the usual colour of fulgidum, and it appears to be a 
finer variety than Mr. Griffin's plant. The name of Ama- 
ryllis pulverulenta was given to it above a year ago, and 
pretty generally adopted by those who cultivated it, and 
Mr. Griffin's plant was so labelled. There does not 
appear to have been any sufficient cause for altering the 
name to acuminata; on close comparison of its flowers 
with those of fulgidum blown at the same time, the petals 
are not in the least more pointed, but a little broader 
in the middle. It is very closely allied to fulgidum, but the 
eye distinguishes it at once by the strong bloom upon its 
leaves, which is impressed also on the mules produced from 
Regina by its pollen. It is distinguished also by the size, 
thickness, aud bent margin of its leaves, the size of its 
bulb, the peduncles being less erect, the germ less declined 
and longer, the tube more cernuous and a little short or 
(not quite an inch on the upper side), the upper lateral 
filaments not straddling apart, the spathcs withering before 

the 



the expansion of the flowers, which remains green and erect 
in fulgidum, and the more numerous ovules. 

The name of Amaryllis having been given by Linnaeus 
originally to Belladonna with a reason assigned, it has been 
thought expedient to leave the name Amaryllis to that 
plant and its congeners ; and to detach the occidental 
group (to which as more numerous it had been proposed to 
preserve the known appellation), under the name of Hip- 
peastrum, or Knight's-star lily, following the idea which 
suggested the name equestre for one of the species. See 
Appendix, Prelim, treatise and article Hippeastrum. W. H. 

References to the figures of the dissections. 

1. The style, and stigma expanded. 2. The ripe seed. 3. The embryo 
and albumen taken out of the inner integument. 4. Peduncle, germen, and 
tube, two petals being cut off to shew the obliquity of its mouth and the 
insertion of the filaments. 5. Germen magnified, shewing the ovules in one 
cell. 6. An ovule greatly magnified. 



Nzzii 




K-h'.-r 



WtdJtJJt 



( 2274 ) 

ClCER ARIETINUM. ChICHES OR ChICH-PEA. 

-V rfr, 1' -V, , y Jr, v I*, ,-V, -^ V^ &, >y, ."V. &, yj', &. .'fr- &• ."fr 

Ctoss anrf Order. 

DlADELPHlA DECANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-partitus, longitudine corollae : laciniis 4 superiori- 
bus vexillo incumbentibus. Legumen turgidum dispermum. 

Specific Name and Synonyms. 

Cicer arietinum. Hort. Kew. ed alt. 4. p. 317. Gaertn. 

sem. 2. p. 328. t. 151. De Cand.fl.fr. 4. p. 600. 
Cicer arietinum ; pedunculis unifloris, seminibus globosis 

gibbis foliolis serratis. TVilld. Sp. PI. 3. p. 1113. 

Schkuhr. handb. 2. p. 368. t. 202. 
Cicer foliolis serratis. Hort. Cliff. 370. Haller Hist. 

n. 399. Blackw. Herb. t. 557. Kniph. Cent. 7. n. 11. 

£om tie. £.146. 
Cicer arietinum ; foliis impari-pinnatis, foliolis serratis 

leguminibus dispermis. Lamarck Encycl. 2. p. 1. 

Ejusd. Illustr. t. 682. 
Cicer. Rivin. tetrap. t. 19. fig. opt. Tragi Stirp. 609. 
Cicer nigrum. Fuchs stirp. fol. p. 267. Cordi Hist. 

p. 169. b. 
Cicer sativum. Bauh. pin. 347. Cam. Epit. p.%04. Ger. 

emac. 1222. /to/. //£«£. 917. — sive arietinum. Park. 

theatr. 1076. MzttA. comm. p. 335. / 1. 
Cicer arietinum. Dod. pempt. 525. JLo6. ic. 2. p. 71. 



Descr. Stem, herbaceous,, annual, branched, hairy : 
branches flexuose. Leaves odd-pinnate, alternate : leaflets 
oval, serrate, villous. Stipules ovate, eared at the base. 
Peduncles axillary, solitary, one- flowered, jointed in the 
middle, at which part it is suddenly bent back. Calyx 
5-cleft : segments ovate-acuminate, spreading. Corolla 
papilionaceous, blue-purple, said to be sometimes white : 

vexillum 



vexillum ovate emarginate, folded inwards so as to conceal 
both ala and carina, which are shorter by half. Stamens 
diadelphous {-. Gerrnen very hairy. Style filiform : stigma 
capitate, yellow. Legume villous, rhomboid, inflated. 
Seeds 2, round, gibbous, not unaptly resembling a ram's 
head, (especially before it is ripe, for in drying it becomes 
smoother) whence its trivial name. It is said to vary with 
black, white, and reddish brown seeds. 

This plant is much cultivated in the South of Europe, 
Africa, and the East Indies, and is supposed to be the most 
nutritive of any kind of puis. In France it is used roasted 
as a substitute for Coffee. 

It does not appear that there is more than one species of 
this genus, such plants as have been united with it being 
better referred to other genera. The English name of 
Chick-pea in both editions of the Hortus Kewensis is a cor- 
ruption of Chick-pea. 

Our drawing was made from a plant raised last summer 
in Mr. Jenkins's Nursery, in the Regent's Park. 



F.2Z15. 




( 2275 ) 

Parthenium Hysterophorus. Cut-leaved 
Parthenium. 

VjS <£. Vf." Vf. ".1>* *Jf! '/ff 1jS 'JIT VJn' "7tf VI? ".flf W >T» 1» «f?W f 

C/«ss awrf Order. 
Syngenesia Polygamia Necessaria. 

Generic Character. 

Recept. paleaceum, planum. Semina obovata subnuda 
Col. 5-phyllus. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Parthenium Hysterophorus ; foliis bipinnatifidis. Hort. 

Kew. ed. alt. 5. p. 180. Wittd. Sp. PI. S. p. 2385. 
Parthenium foliis composite- multifidis. Hort. Cliff'. 242. 
Parthenium subhirsutum ramosum, foliis multipliciter 

ineisis, floribus terminalibus. Browne Jam. p. 340. 
Partheniastrum americanum ambrosias folio. Nissole in 

Mem de VAcadamie Paris 1711. p. 322. t. 13. / 2. 
Absinthium Erysimi folio, Achoavan Alpini quodammodo 

accedens. Pluk. Aim. 3. t. 45. / 3. 
Argyrochjeta bipinnatinda. Cavan. Ic. 4. p. 54. t. 378. 
Villanova bipinnatinda. Orteg. Dec. 4. p. 48. t. 6. 



The Parthenium Hysterophorus, though cultivated by 
Philip Miller in 1728, being one of the fifty plants 
annually delivered to the Royal Society from the Apothe- 
caries' Garden at Chelsea, in pursuance of the will of Sir 
Hans Sloane, will probably continue to be rarely met with 
in our gardens, being scarcely an object of request, except 
in the general collections of Botanical gardens ; and is 
even in such not very easily preserved, being an annual, 
and not always maturing its seeds with us. 

Native of Jamaica, where it goes by the name of Wild 
Wormwood, and, according to Browne, is observed to have 
much the same qualities as Feverfew ; also of Martinique 
and Mexico. Flowers in July and August. Communicated 
by Joseph Sabine, Esq. from the garden of the Horticultu- 
ral society. 



J.2216. 




( 2276 ) 

Athanasia annua. Annual Athanasia. 

v l'i y V. ■& ,-i: ■4 / . &. &• &« .&• .&. .^. &. &. &. ^ .•&. ■St' .^i .SR 

Cfos* awrf Order. 
Syngenesia Polygamia ^Equalis. 

Generic Character. 

Recept. paleaceum. Pappus paleaceus, brevissimus. 
Cal. imbricatus. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Athanasia annua ; corymbis simplicibus coarctatis, foliis 

pinnatifidis dentatis. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 4. p. 520. 

tVilld. Sp. PL 3. p. 1804. Schkuhr handb. 3. p. 74. 

t. 239. 
Lonas inodora. Gaertn. sem. 2. p. 396. t. 165. f. 5. 
Elichrysum inodorum, glabrum, Coronopi folio annuum. 

Magn. Monsp. p. 307. Herm. hugd. Bat. p. 228. 

t. 227. 
Bellis polyclonos annua africana, coronopi folio, floribus 

nudis compactis. Moris. Hist. 3. p. 30. 
S antolin a africana corymbifera, coronopi folio . Tourn. 46 1 . 
Ageratum laciniatis foliis inodorum, Africanum. Raj. 

Hist. 364. 



For specimens of this plant we are indebted to N. S. 
Hodson, Esq. of Bury St. Edmunds, through whose zeal 
for the science of Botany, supported by several Gentlemen 
in the County, a Botanical garden has been established in 
that town, which promises to become in a few years of con- 
siderable importance, and is already respectable, particu- 
larly for the number of herbaceous plants contained in it. 

Athanasia annua, though not very ornamental from its 
rambling growth, nor possessed of any sweet scent, has the 
property of lasting long in flower in so remarkable a 
degree, that Ray thought it merited its name of Ageratum, 

signifying 



signifying in Greek that which is not subject to grow old, 
better than any other plant with which he was acquainted ; 
the same flowers which expanded in the beginning of July, 
being still in full vigour at the time he wrote, on the 20th 
of October. 

This quality, as it also lives well in water, renders it 
rather desirable for mixing with other flowers in vases for 
adorning rooms, a purpose to which its golden yellow heads, 
growing on long footstalks, seem well adapted. 

Native of Barbary. Cultivated before 1686 by Mr. 
John Ray, from seeds given him by Sir Hans Sloane. A 
tolerably hardy annual ; but unless brought forward early 
by a warm situation or artificial heat, will in most seasons 
fail of producing ripe seeds. 



J2ZV. 




K*\ 1 .S.U*tu.H ȣ, 



Vfid-dMJjc . 



( 2277 ) 
Lobelia decumbens. Decumbent Lobelia. 

&. &, afc jfc &. A". .4 / . &* jli &. &. &. &. &. .'I'. &. i-V. .'t / . . v l*. 

Ckzss and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 4-fidus. Cor. petaia irregularis. Antherce cohae- 
rentes. Caps, infera 2 — s. 3-locularis. 

Specific Character. 

Lobelia decumbens; caulibusdecumbentibus, foliis obovatis 
dentatis pedunculis axillaribus solitariisbractealineari- 
lanceolata integerrima brovioribus. 



Descr. Raot perennial, creeping. Radical leaves on 
young plants petioled, round-obovate, subcrenate, dentate ; 
cauline leaves similar, but longer, more deeply notched, and 
subsessile ; the floral leaves or bractes are linear-lanceo- 
late, obtuse, quite entire, decurrent, making the stem at 
this part angular, though elsewhere these are rounded. 
Peduncles axillary, solitary, shorter than the floral leaf. 
Flowers blue, smaller than in bicolor (No. 525) the two 
small laciniae of the upper lip distant and incurved. Ger- 
man bilocular. Calycine teeth short, subulate, spreading. 
The whole plant is smooth. 

We were favoured with a pot of this plant in flower in 
August last, from our kind contributor N. S. Hodson, Esq. 
of Bury St. Edmunds, under the name of beUidifolia, by 
which it is generally known in the gardens ; but Lobelia 
beUidifolia has upright hairy stems, and flowers in a terminal 
panicle on long peduncles. 

We cannot satisfy ourselves that our plant belongs to 
any described species. It may possibly be the anceps of 
Thunberg ; but cannot well be that of Linn^ius, which, 
as appears from an archetype specimen preserved in the 
Banksian Herbarium, was taken up from a plant collected 

in 



in Ceylon by Konig, and is both erect and annual. We 
are informed by Mr. Anderson that our plant is certainly 
a native of the Cape of Good Hope. Otherwise we should 
have entertained some doubt whether it might not be a 
variety of the alata of Labillardiere and Brown, which is 
stated by the latter to be a very polymorphus species. 

An herbaceous perennial, easily propagated by its creep- 
ing roots. Requires to be protected from frost by a 
greenhouse or pit. 



N.ZZ18. 




( 2278 ) 

hlppeastrum stylosum. long-styled 
Knight' s-star Lily. 

Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. Vide supra No. 2273. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Hippeastrum stylosum, foliis suberectis nitidis basi purpu- 
rascente, scapo subtripedali, tubo brevi viridescente 
cernuo, fauce fimbriate limbo reflexe^infundibuliformi, 
colore inter fulvurn et cameum, laciniis exteris latiori- 
bus, tilamentis plus semunci&, stylo plus uncia. limbo 
longioribus, stigmate breviter et rotundate trilobato. 

Hippeastrum equestre var. glabrifolia. Nobis in appendice. 

Hippeastrum stylosum. lb. in postscripto. W. H. 



Descr. Bulb a little flattened like that of equestre. 
Leaves like equestre, but more glossy, and purple at their 
base. Tube and limb in form and posture much like 
Regin&, but considerably smaller. Beard like that of 
Regince, in greenish white tufts between the base of the 
petals. Star green, very short, not spread into broad rays 
as in equestre, or prolonged into white stripes as in Regi- 
nae. Limb pale fulvous pink, veined and speckled with a 
deeper colour. Anthers straw-coloured, striped with red. 
Pollen bright yellow. Filaments five-eights, Style an 
inch and a quarter longer than the corolla. Stigma con- 
sisting of three short round lobes. 

Bulbs of this unrecorded species were received last year 
by Lord Carnarvon from Maranham in Brazil, and since 
by Mr. Brookes, from Cayenne, and by Mr. Lee, from 
Brazil. It was at first marked in the appendix as a variety 
of equestre, which it resembles in the bulb and in the form 
and posture of its leaves. It is distinguished from that 

species 



species by the different form and posture of the tube and 
limb, the absence of the broad-rayed star, and the style being 
an inch and a quarter longer, instead of an inch and a quar- 
ter, or at least an inch shorter than the corolla, as well as 
the length of the filaments. It differs from Regince in bulb, 
leaf, star, and the length of the style and filaments, as well 
as the colour of the petals, which is not exactly like that of 
any known species. Mr. Lee was struck with the resem- 
blance of the flower to Hemerocallis fulva, but the colour 
inclines more to flesh colour, and the great length of the 
filaments and style appear to furnish the best distinguishing 
feature. A name founded on its resemblance to Hemero- 
callis would have been inconveniently long. This species, 
though very inferior to equestre in beauty, appears to thrive 
more freely. W. H. 



CORRIGENDUM. 

Pag. 2272. lin. 1 . et 10. pro microcantha lege macrocantha. 



Jf.2279. 




( 2279 ) 
Calla aromatica. Aromatic Calla. 

*1f. &, A/ 1 - - v }'- . V I / .*fr« ."V- iT^i ."JCi .4*. . > V« ■'I', jfri A'm &. A'. .-V. A A*, 
•jf? '%! vf» "<!. vt: m 4? m jff 'jff yi? m A? vtf'/t? '%? vj» '/f«* Vf» *^? ■<§»" vj»* 

C/ass «nrf Order. 
Mongecia Monandbia. ScJireber. 
Heptandria Monogynia. WiUd. 

Generic Character. 

Spatha plana. Spadix tectus flosculis. Cal. 0. Cor.O. 
Bacca polysperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Calla aromatica ; caulescens, subsagittato-cordatis acumi- 
natis : lobis rotimdatis divaricatis, spatha cymbaeformi 
spadicem basi femineum suboccultante. 

Calla aromatica. Roxb. Fl. Ind. orient, nondum edita. 

Calla occulta. Lodd. Cab. 12. vix Loureiri. 

Dracunculus amboinicus. Rumph. Amb. 5. p. 322. t. 111. 
f.2? 



Our drawing was taken in July 1813, from a plant that 
flowered at that time in Sir Abraham Hume's stove at 
Wormleybury ; Messrs. Loddiges and Sons also raised it 
about the same time from seeds, sent by Dr. Roxburgh 
under the name of Calla aromatica; but finding very 
little scent in the flowers, and conceiving it to answer to 
Loureiro's description of Calla occulta they adopted that 
name. But as it does not altogether accord with the charac- 
ters given in the Flora cochinehinensis, aud it is likely to 
be published under the name of aromatica in Roxburgh's 
Flora, we prefer the latter appellation. 

About two thirds of the spadix were occupied by the 
stamens, and one third at the base with the pistils. Dr. 
Roxburgh states that these pistils are mixed with abortive 
stamens ; of which we could observe none in our specimen, 

if 



if they had existed they must have been deciduous, and 
perhaps more analogous to the cirrhi of Arum than to 
real stamens. The fertile anthers are quite sessile ; these 
only come in sight in our figure, the pistils being entirely 
concealed by the spathe. In the position of the different 
organs this plant agrees with Calla cethiopica, but not 
with the European species palustris. 

Dr. Roxburgh observes that it is indigenous in Chitta- 
gong, where the medicinal virtues of its root are held in 
high estimation by the natives. According to this author, 
when cut, the plant diffuses a pleasant aromatic scent, some- 
thing like that of the scitamineous tribe. In the Calcutta 
garden it blossoms nearly the whole year. With us its 
time of flowering seems uncertain, Messrs. Loddidges fix 
December as its season, and we were favoured by them with 
a specimen of the flower in the present month, November ; 
at Sir Abraham Hume's, as we have observed above, it 
flowered in July. 




V?280. 






X 




\ 




c^Ur, T«W*~ . 



( 2280 ) 

LlLIUM CAROLINIANUM. CAROLINA 

M artagon Lily. 

******************* 

Class and Order. 

Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. 6-petala, carnpanulata : linea longitudinali nectari- 
fera. Caps, valvulis pilo cancellato connexis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Lilium carolinianum ; caule subunifloro, foliis verticillatis 
sparsisque carnosis recurvis, petalis revolutis apice 
compressis. 

Lilium carolinianum ; glaberrimum, foliis enerviis plerum- 
que verticillatis, late subcuneato-lanceolatis sive obo- 
valibus, ramis floriferis crassis ternato-terminalibus 
(rarius binis aut unico) calycibus valde reflexis macu- 
losis. Michaux Flor. Bor. Am. 1. p. 197. Bot. Reg. 
580. 

Lilium carolinianum ; foliis plerumque verticillatis cuneato- 
lanceolatis s. obovalibus enervibus glaberrimis, ramis 
floriferis crassis ternato-terminalibus, floribus reflexis, 
corollis revolutis. Pursh. Flor. Am. Sept. 1. p. 229. 

Lilium carolinianum. Nuttall. Gen. I. p. 222. Persoon 
Syn. 1. p. 359. non Lamarckii. 

Lilium Martagon ; foliis plerumque verticillatis quaternis, 
caule pedali, floribus plerumque solitariis reflexis, co- 
rollis revolutis. Walter Fl. Carol, p. 123. 

Lilium Michauxii. Poiret. Suppl. Encycl. 3. p. 457. 

Lilium autumnale. Lodd. Cab. 335. 



Descr. Stem about a foot high, simple, upright, spotted. 
Leaves some in whorls and some scattered, fleshy, rigid, 
ovate-lanceolate, recurved, undulate, obscurely three-nerved. 
Peduncle in the one flowered specimens, and we have seen 

no 



no other, continuous with the stem and the same size till it 
approaches the flower, when it is much thickened and bent. 
Flower nodding; petals revolute, on the inside yellow 
spotted with black, deep orange toward the points, which 
are always pressed inwards as if squeezed betwixt the thumb 
and finger : on the outside green, tinged with yellow ; the 
nerve deeply channelled. Filaments green, acute : anthers 
versatile, oblong-oval, purplish brown : pollen red-orange. 
Style longer than stamens, purple, streaked at the upper 
part : stigma very large, three-lobed, brown-purple. 

Authors seem to have been very doubtful whether this 
species was distinct from Lilium superbum, and it is not 
improbable that dwarf few -flowered specimens of the latter, 
have been confounded with this. Mr. Nuttall, a real ob- 
server, never himself saw it more than one-flow ered ; but 
says that he has been well assured that in cultivation it pro- 
duces many flowers on the stem in proliferous stages, and 
that it then apparently becomes Lilium superbum. We are 
quite of opinion that when this has been the case, a single 
flowered variety of the latter species has been mistaken for 
this. Our plant has not in our gardens shewn a disposition 
to assume the habit of superbum in any respect. 

Native of Carolina and Florida. Flowers in September 
and October, and according to M. Loddidges should have the 
protection of a frame in winter, at which time the stem dies 
down. The proper soil they state to be loam and peat. 
Communicated by Messrs. Whitley, Brame and Milne, 
who inform us, that they bought it of Messrs F baser, by 
whom it was probably first introduced into this country. 



V.zasi 




■\ 












sS^.;.,- 



( 2281 ) 
Viburnum nudum. Oval-leaved Viburnum. 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Trigynia. 

Generic Character. 
Cal. 5-partitus, superus. Cor. 5-fida. Bacca 1-sperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Viburnum nudum ; foliis oblongo-ovalibus subintegerrimis 

margine revolutis in petiolum decurrentibus, cymis 

ebracteatis. 
Viburnum nudum ; foliis ovalibus subrugosis margine 

revolutis obsolete crenulatis. Hort. Kew. ed. 1. p. 370. 

ed. alt. 2. p. 167. Willd. Sp. PL 1. p. 1487. Pers. 

Syn.l.p.326. 
\ iburnum nudum ; foliis integerrimis lanceolato-ovatis. 

Sp. PL 383. Mill. ic. 2. p. 183. t. 274. 
Viburnum nudum ; glaberrimum, foliis ovalibus vel ovali- 

lanceolatis, margine revoluto-integris ; cymis ebrac- 

teatis pedunculatis. Michaux Fl. Bor. Am. 1. p. 178, 
Tinus foliis ovatis in petiolos terminatis integerrimis. 

Gron. FL virg. ed. 1. p. 33. ed. 2. p. 46. (Viburnum.) 



This species very much resembles Viburnum Tinus, but 
is a taller growing shrub ; the leaves are rolled back at the 
margin, and sometimes obsoletely crenate ; they are also 
decurrent on the footstalk. The flowering cymes are 
altogether without bractes, which in Tinus are fur- 
nished at the base with very small subulate ones ; gene- 
rally equalling in number the first branches, and forming 
an involucrum, but so small that it is hardly conspicuous 
in dried specimens. In the species Plantarum of Linnaeus, 
Viburnum Tinus and nudum follow in succession, and the 
above observation is subjoined to the latter in reference to 
the preceding species ; but in Willdenow's edition it is 
negligently applied to scandens, that species, from the 
arrangement there made, becoming the preceding one. 

Native of Virginia and Carolina, hardy. Flowers in the 
summer months. Propagated by cuttings. Communi- 
cated by John Walker, Esq. of Arno's Grove. 



( 2282 ) 

Arum tenuifolium. Scorzonera-leaved 

Arum. 

Class and Order. 
Moncecia Monandria. Schreber. 

MONOECIA POLYANDRIA. fVUld. 

Generic Character. 

Spatha monophylla, cucullata. Spadix supra nudus, 
inferne femineus, medio stamineus. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Arum tenuifolium ; acaule, foliis angusto-lanceolatis, spatha 

subrecurva, spadice longo vermiformi acuto declinato. 

Lamarck EncycL 3. p. 10. n. 10. Bot. Reg. 512. 
Arum tenuifolium ; foliis lineari-lanceolatis, spadice subu- 

lato spatha lanceolata longiore. Willd. Sp. PL 4. p. 

486. Hort. Kew. ed. alt.b. p. 309. 
Arum tenuifolium; acaule, foliis lanceolatis, spadice setaceo 

declinato. Sp. PL 1370. Excluso ubique synonymo 

Gronovii. 
Arisarum angustifolium. Bauh. Pin. 196. Clus. Hist. 2. 

p.74.—Hisp.p.304.f.30b. Lob. Advers.26l. Lob. 

ic. 599. Dod. Pempt. 332. 



This very curious species of Arum blossoms in June and 
July, but the leaves do not appear till after the flowers 
decay. The spathe in our plant was very much lengthened 
at the point ; was at first moderately, but afterwards very 
much, recurved and spirally twisted, extending ten inches in 
length ; externally green, striate ; internally of a dark 
sordid purple colour, curiously chequered ; margin undu- 
lated. The spadix at first more inclined to blood-colour, 
but finally of the same sordid purple, protruded from the 
spathe to the extent of fifteen inches, tapering towards 
the point, and aptly enough compared to a worm. The 

length 



length of this part obliged the draughtsman to curl it 
upwards to make it come within the plate. The base of 
the spadix contained the female flowers ; above which were 
white sterile filaments or cirrhi ; above these the ses- 
sile, bilabiate, anthers with yellow pollen ; and above 
these again more cirrhi ; all concealed within the spathe. 
Soon after the flower decayed the leaves appeared. 

In Clusius's time this plant was cultivated in the Dutch 
gardens, and Lob el says in the English also ; but the 
latter author never saw it in blossom. 

The plant from which our drawing was taken, was com- 
municated by our kind contributor John Walker, Esq. 



¥.228% 




( 2283 ) 

TRI FOLIUM CcERULEUM. BLUE MeLILOT- 

Trefoil. 

Class and Order. 

DlADELPHIA DECANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Flores subcapital . Legumen vix calyce longius, non 
dehiscens, deciduum. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Meliloti, leguminibus nudis polyspermis, Jloribus 
racemosis. 

Trifolium cairuleum ; racemis ovatis., leguminibus semi- 
nudis mucronatis, caule erecto. 

Trifolium Melilotus ccerulea; spicis oblongis, leguminibus 
seminudis mucronatis,, caule erecto. Sp. PL 1077. 
Kniph. Cent. 5. n. 92. Krock. Siles. 2. p. 215. 

Trifolium cceruleum ; racemis oblongis pedunculatis, 
leguminibus ventricosis seminudis dispermis mucro- 
natis., caule erecto, stipulis lanceolatis membranaceis. 
Willd. Sp. PL 3. p. 1352. Hort. New. ed. alt. 4. 
p. 378. 

Melilotus ccerulea ; racemis ovatis spiciformibus, legumi- 
nibus mucronatis, caule erecto. Lam. Encycl. 4. p. 62. 

Melilotus major odorata violacea. Moris. Hist. 2. p. 162. 
s. 2. t. 16. f. 10. 

Melilotus ccerulea. Riv. tetr. 9. 

Trifolium odoratum alterum sive Lotus sativa. Dod. 
Pempt. 571. 

Trifolium odoratum. Fucks. Hist. t. 815. Park. Theatr. 
716. Ger.emac.U9b. 

Lotus hortensis odora. Bauh. Pin. 331. Lob. ic. 2. p. 41. 

/ 1 
Lotus sylvestris. Cain. Epit. 894. 
Lotus urbana. Blackw. Herb. 284. 

Descr. 



Descr. Root annual. Stem erect, grooved, smooth. 
Stipules 2, subulate-lanceolate, sometimes semisagittate, 
and one of them frequently bifid at the point. Petioles 
channelled, shorter than the leaf. Leaflets elliptical, ser- 
rate, with mucronate serratures ; slightly villous under- 
neath and ribbed with parallel veins ; terminal one on a 
longer pedicle. Peduncles axillary, erect, twice the length 
of the leaf. Flowers pale blue in round-ovate heads. 
Cali/cine segments subulate, the two upper ones shorter 
than the rest. VexUlum oblong, emarginate, folded so as 
to inclose the alee and monopetalous carina. Legume 
smooth, gibbous, somewhat inflated, longer than the tube 
of the calyx, generally two -seeded, mucronate by the per- 
sistent lengthened style. 

The whole of this plant, but more especially the flower- 
ing heads and seeds, possess a powerful scent of Fcenu- 
greek ; an odour grateful to many, but to some persons 
extremely disagreeable. It was formerly cultivated in 
gardens in most parts of Europe for the sake of its scent, 
and was frequently laid in wardrobes to drive away moths. 
Caspar Bauhin in his Pinax, mentions the use of this plant 
made by the Swiss to flavour the " Schabzugar cheese ;" a 
subject upon which we received from our friend Mr. John 
Walker the following observations, together with the speci- 
men from which our drawing was made. cc The cultiva- 
tion of the Trifolium cozruleum is, I believe, limited to the 
canton of Glaris for the purpose of flavouring the Schab- 
zigher cheese, a word differently written even by Germans 
themselves, from the various opinions regarding its ety- 
mology. Those who write it Schapzieger derive it from 
Schaf, a sheep, and Ziege, a goat, stating at the same time 
that the cheese is made with sheep and goat's milk in equal 
quantities. This notion is however erroneous, as the 
cheese is made altogether from skimmed cows milk. A 
poor cheese, thus made, in the patois of the country is 
called Zigher, and that word combined with the verb 
Schaben to grate or scrape, affords a very satisfactory deri- 
vation, and proves that Schabzigher is the correct orthogra- 
phy. The clover is cut just before flowering ; the leaves 
only are used, which are dried, pulverized, sifted, and mixed 
with the cheese, which is afterwards pressed into wooden 
moulds. It is principally exported to Russia and Holland ." 

A hardy annual. Native of Germany. Cultivated by 
Dr. Wm. Turner before 1562. Flowers in August and 
September. 



N.2Z84l 




( 2284 ) 

Glycine phaseoloides. Lesser Red-bead 

Glycine. 

***************** 

Class and Order. 

DlADELPHIA DeCANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 
Cal. 2-labiatus. Corolla? carina apice vexillum reflectens. 
Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Glycine phaseoloides ; frutescens, foliis ternatis villosis, 

racemis axillaribus, leguminibus tomentosis compres- 

sis medio coarctatis dispermis. 
Glycine phaseoloides ; foliis ternaiis snbtus villosis racemis 

terminalibus. Sivartz Prodr. p. 105. — Flor. Ind. Occ. 

1248. mild. Sp. PI 3. p. 1060. 
Glycine sylvestre scandens, foliis pinnato-ternatis, floribus 

spicatis, siliqnis bispermibns medio coarctatis. Brown 

Jam. 298, 2. 
Phaseolus florum spica pyramidata, semine coccinco nigra 

macula notato. Plum. Cat. 12 ? 
Dolichos pyramidalis ; volubilis, racemis pyramidalibus 

longissimis, leguminibus brevibus dispermis subquin- 

quagenis, seminibus subrotnndis. Lam. Encycl. 2. 

p. 296 ? 



Descr. Stern twining-, villous. Leaves teruate, clothed 
with a soft pubescence on both sides. Leaflets ovate-acu- 
minate, somewhat rhomb-shaped ; the terminal one on a 
longer footstalk than the lateral. Stipules lanceolate, fall- 
ing off before the flowers appear. Racemes of flowers from 
two to five inches long. Calyx bilabiate, purplish brown, 
persistent : upper-lip emarginate : lower-lip three toothed : 
teeth acute, the middle one the longest. Corolla papilio- 
naceous : vexillutn oval, brown-purple, streaked with 
> ♦Now on the inside and green at the base : alee very nar- 
row, curved, green : carina the size ot* the vexillum, green, 

monopetalout 



monopetalous. Stamens diadelphous 4. Germen linear : 
Style filiform, the length of the stamens. Legumen 
oblong-oval, obliquely mucronate, compressed, contracted 
in the middle, villous, net-veined, two seeded. Seeds 
nearly round, bright scarlet, with a black spot extending 
over nearly half the seed ; Hilum large and open. 

It is probable that Plumier's plant the Dolichos pyra- 
midalis of Lamarck is not the same species with the present 
subject, being described as having racemes of flowers a foot 
and half in length ; Swartz describes them as four or five 
inches long, in other respects his description coincides 
nearly with our own. M. Poiret considers the second 
figure of the genus Abrus in Lamarck's illustrations as be- 
longing to Glycine phaseoloides ; and there is little doubt 
but that it must at least be a congener of it. 

For this very rare climbing shrub, native of the West 
Indies, not mentioned in any of our catalogues of plants cul- 
tivated in this country, we are indebted to John Walker, 
Esq. of Arno's Grove, Southgate, who thinks he received it, 
when a seedling, from the Hon. and Rev. Wm. Herbert. 
Requires to be kept in the stove. Flowers in June and 
July. 



I<?m 




( 2285 ) 
Rhododendron punctatum. (a.) Carolina 

DOTTED-LEAVED RHODODENDRON. 

******************* 

Class and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-partitlis. Cor. sub-infundibuliformis. Stamina 
declinata. Caps. 5-locularis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Rhododendron punctatum ; foliis oblongis glabris subtus 
resinoso-pimctatis, umbellis terminalibus, corollis in- 
fundibuliformibus. Willd. Sp. PI. 2. p. 607. Hort. 
Kew. ed. alt. 3. p. 51. Bot. Repos. 36. Venten. 
Cels. 15. 

Rhododendron ?ninus ; foliis ovali-lanceolatis utrinque 
sensim acutis subtus ferrugineo-punctatis ; floribus 
brevissime pedicellatis infundibulo-campanulatisj cap- 
sulis elongatis. Michaux Fl. Bor. Am. 1. p. 258. 
Per soon Syn. I. p. 478. 

Rhododendron punctatum ; foliis ovali-lanceolatis glabris 
subtus resinoso-punctatis, umbellis terminalibus, corol- 
lis infundibuliformibus, capsulis elongatis. Elliott 
Flor. Carol. 1. ;>. 434. 

Rhododendron punctatum ; foliis ovali-lanceolatis utrinque 
acutis glabris subtus ferrugineis resinoso-punctatis, 
umbellis terminalibus, pedicellis brevibus, dentibus 
calycis brevissimis, corollis infundibuliformibus : laci- 
niis ovatis subunduiatis, capsulis elongatis. Pursh 
Flor. Am. Sept. 1. p. 298. 
Rhododendron punctatum ; foliis glabris subtus punctatis, 
viminibus laxis, corollis crispis violaceo-purpureis. 
Bot. Repos. 36. 
Rhododendron punctatum. 0. Bot. Reg. 37. 

Rhododendri.m 



Rhododendrum punctatum was first described by Mi- 
chaux under the name of minus; an appellation applicable 
enough if only compared with maximum, but not at all so 
in reference to the whole genus. 

It seems to vary considerably in the form and colour of 
its flowers. Andrews's figure, in the Botanist's Repository, 
represents the flower as smaller and much deeper coloured ; 
in the variety p. of the Botanical Register the flower is 
much larger, but is free from all spotting ; in our plant the 
flower in size was intermediate between the two, and two 
or three of the laciniae in each were spotted with yellow, 
not green, dots. 

Native of Carolina and Georgia. Flowers in June and 
July. Introduced in 1786 by Mr. John Fraser. Is con- 
sidered as a hardy shrub, but its blossoming cannot be 
secured without prctection in the early part of the spring ; 
our late frosts frequently destroying the buds before they 
open. Thrives best in sandy peat. Communicated by 
John Walker, Esq. 




WeHUtU-Ji- 



( 2286 ) 

Aster fruticulosus. Shrubby Star- 
wort. 

Class and Order. 
Syngenesia Polygamia Superflua. 

Generic Character. 

Recept. nudum. Pappus simplex, Corolla radii plures 
10. Calycis imbricati squamae inferiores patulae. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Aster fruticulosus; fruticosus, pedunculis sub-solitariis uni- 
floris foliis linearibus fasciculatis bis terve longioribus. 

Aster fruticulosus ; fruticosus, foliis linearibus obtusius- 
culis glabris punctatis, pedunculis unifloris elongatis, 
calycibus imbricatis discum aequantibus. Willd. Sp. 
PI 3. p. 2018. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 5. p. 49. Jacq. 
Fragm. p. 9. t. 9. /. 4. 

Aster fruticulosus ; fruticosus, foliis linearibus punctatis, 
pedunculis unifloris niidis. Syst. Nat. 3. p. 552. 

Aster fruticosus ; foliis linearibus punctatis glabris, caly- 
cibus imbricatis, caule fruticoso. Sp. PL 1225. Thunb. 
Prodr. 159. 

Aster africanus frutescens, foliis angustis et plerumque 
congestis. Commel. Hort. 2. p. 53. t. 27. 

Aster maritimus, fruticosus, hyssopi foliis confertis, flore 
albo. Pluk. Mant. 29. t. 340. / 19. 

Aster hyssopifolius ; fruticosus, foliis sparsis linearibus 
pubescentibus, pedunculis subaggregatis terminalibus, 
ramis adscendentibus tomentosis. Berg. Cap. 287/ 



It appears to us that the plant which has usually been 
known in our Nurseries under the name of Aster fruticu- 
losus is the angustifoUus of Jacquin, having scattered, not 
aggregate, leaves; but Jacquin's, Commelin's, and perhaps 
Plukenet's figures above referred to, seem to belong to the 

Ipecki 



species we now give a faithful representation of from the 
pencil of the late Mr. Sydenham Edwards. 

The plant was communicated, together with several 
other rare plants, by Mr. William Pringle, Nurseryman, 
formerly of Sydenham, but now of the King's Road, Chel- 
sea. Flowers in May and June. Propagated by cuttings. 
Native of the Cape of Good Hope. Requires the protec- 
tion of a greenhouse in the winter. 



CORRIGENDA. 

No. 2272. lin. 1 et 9 pro microcantha lege micracantha. 

pag. 2, lin. 4, pro Kitchin lege Hitchin. 

No. 2278. pag. 2, lin. ult. pro macrocantha lege micra- 
cantha ; vel dele totum corrigendum. 



/ 



V.2281 




( 2287 ) 

Cnicus Afer. Barbary Cnicus, or 
twin-thorned thistle. 

Class and Order. 
Syngenesia Polygamia tEquaus. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. imbricatus, ventricosus ; squamis spinosis. Pappus 
plumosus. Recept. viliosum. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Cnicus afer ; foliis sessilibus lanceolatis subtus tomentosis 
subrepandis : lobis emarginatis bispinosis, floribus pe- 
dunculatis subcorymbosis,, calycinis squamis lanceo- 
latis spinosis patentissimis. Willd. Sp, PL 3. p. 1683, 
Hort, Kew. ed. alt. 4. p. 483. 

Carduus afer; foliis sessilibus lanceolatis pinnatifidis, lobis 
distantibus gemellis in longam spinam terminatis singu- 
lis, Jacq. Hort. Schoenb. 2. p. 80. t. 145. 

Carduus Diacantha ; foliis sessilibus lanceolatis subtus to- 
mentosis,, spinis binatis, floribus corymbosis. Labill. 
Ic. PL Syr. Dec. 2. p. 7. t. 3. Poiret. EncycL suppl. 
2. p, 199. 



This is perhaps the handsomest species of all the Thistle 
tribe, and is really worthy to be admitted into the flower- 
garden. 

We see no reason to believe that the Carduus Diacantha 
of Labillardiere and afer of Jacquin, are distinct species., 
or even worthy to be recorded as separate varieties; the 
first name has therefore the right of priority ; but Jacquin's 
name of afer having been preferred by Willdenow and the 
authors of the Hortus Kewensis may now be considered as 
best established, on which account we have adopted it. 

The 



The large size and spreading of the persistent, coloured 
upper squamae of the calyx may be considered as making 
a near approach to the genus Carlina. The receptacle is 
thickly covered with white soft hairs, amongst which the 
obovate seeds crowned with a feathery pappus are im- 
bedded. 

A hardy annual or biennial. Native of Barbary. In- 
troduced by Mons. Thouin in 1800. Communicated by 
Mr. Joseph Knight of the Exotic Nursery, King's Road. 



J?2288. 




Tuh.hjX Cwtu We-hr^- 



( 2288 ) 

dianthus pseudarmeria. long-scaled 

Pink. 

alt .Sfc ."V. JJ6 ifc .St'. .St'. .•-I^. .St*. .St*. A jfc .Ski .Sfc ■ v I / i .^i .Sk. J&. 

CY#ss #mZ Order. 

Decandria Digynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. eylindrieus, 1-phyllus, basi squamis 4. Petala 5, 
unguiculata. Caps, cylindrica, 1-locularis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Dianthus Pseudarmeria ; floribus aggregates fasciculatis, 
squamis calycinis ovato-subulatis tubum sequantibus, 
foliis subulatis pubescenti-scabris strictis. Fl. Taurico- 
cauc. 1. p. 323. Poir. encycl. suppl. 4. p. 123. 

Dianthus barbatus. Pall. Ind. Taur. Habl. Taur.p. 119. 



This plant appears to us to have a nearer affinity with 
Dianthus barbatus, than with D. Armeria, from the former 
of which it is chiefly distinguished by being covered in 
every part with a very minute pubescence, hardly visible 
to the naked eye, and by a narrower, stifter foliage. It 
appears by the quotation of Marschall a Bieberstein to 
have been taken for barbatus by Pallas and Hablitz, and 
after all we should not be surprized if it should really turn 
out to be the origin of the Sweet William so long cultivated 
in our gardens. 

A hardy perennial. Native of dry stony places in Tauria ; 
where, as with us, it flowers in June and July. Communi- 
cated by Mr. Anderson from the Chelsea garden. 



( 2289 ) 

PERIPLOCA GR^ECA. COMMON PERIPLOCA. 

Class and Order. 

Pentandria Digynia. 

Generic Character. 

Asclepiadea. Massa Pollinis granulosa?, 5. Filam. dis- 
tincta. Cor. rotata. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Periploca grceca; floribus interne hirsutis terminalibus. 

Hort. Keio. ed. alt. 2. p. 75. Willd. Sp. PL 1. p. 1248. 

Lin. Sp. PL 309. Jacq. Misc. 1. p. 11. t. 1. / 2. 

Lam. III. t. 177. Kniph. Cent. 2. Schmidt Arb. 1. 

p. 46. t. 46. Lam. EncycL 5. p. 187. Smith Flor. 

grceca. 1. p. 165. Ic. 249. 
Periploca altera. Dod. pempt. 408. /. 2. 
Periploca serpens angustiore folio. Lob ic. 631. 
Periploca repens angustifolia. Ger. emac. 902. f. 1 . quoad - 

figuram. 
Apocynum folio oblongo. Bauh. Pin. 303. 
Apocynum 2, angustifolium. Clus. Hist. 1. p. 125. 
Apocynum repens. Cam. Epit. 842. Park. Theatr. 386. 

/. 2. 
Apocynum give Periploca scandens folio longo, flore pur- 

purante. Bauh. Hist. 2. p. 133. Raj. Hist. 2. p. 1087. 



Periploca grceca is a handsome climber, which under 
favourable circumstances will extend its branches from 
thirty to forty feet; and was once in great request for 
covering trellis work, arbours, &c. but is now more 
generally planted against a pole or the trunk of a tree ; 
in the former case when it has overtopped its support and 
formed a spreading head with the branches entwined to- 
gether, it makes a very handsome appearance, especially 

when 



when m blossom, for the flowers, though chiefly of a sordid 
purple colour, yet being margined with green, are by no 
means void of beauty, and are interesting to the botanist 
from their very curious structure. It seldom bears seed 
m this country, but when it does the seed-pods are long- 
somewhat curved, and generally united at their points 

Native of Syria and the Grecian islands j is quite hardy; 
will grow in any soil ; and is easily propagated by layers : 
flowers in July and August. 




. r< 



¥.2290. 



( 2290 ) 
Saponaria Vaccaria. Cow Soap-wort. 

C&zss anrf Order. 

Decandria Digynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 1-phyllus nudus. Petala 5, unguiculata. Caps, ob- 
ionga, 1-locularis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Saponaria Vaccaria; calycibus pyramidatis quinquangula- 

ribus, foliis ovatis acuminatis sessilibus. Sp. PL 585. 

WUld. 2. p. 668. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. S. p. 77. Gcertn. 

Sem. 2. p. 234. t. 130. /. 7. Lam. Illustr. t. 376. /. 2. 

Pollich Pal. n. 408. Decand. Fl. franc. 4. p. 737. //«//. 

//is*. «. 907. 
Gypsophila Vaccaria; foliis ovatis amplexicaulibus gia- 

berrimis, petalis emarginatis erosis. Smith Prodr. 

Fl. Grcsc. 1. p. 279. 
Lychnis Vaccaria. Scop. Cam. 1. w. 511. 
Lychnis segetum rubra, foliis PerfoliataB. Bauh. Pin. 204. 

Raj. Hist. 2. p. 999. Tourn. Inst. 335. 
Vaccaria. Dod. Pempt. p. 104. Bauh. Hist. 3. part. 2. 

p. 354. Ger. emac. 492. 
Myagrum III. Tabern. Kreuterbuch p. 1253. ed. Basil 

1664. 
Isatis sylvestris Vaccaria dicta. Lob. ic. 352. /'. 2. 
Lychnis segetum Vaccaria rubra dicta. Park. Theatr. I. 
p. 633. 



Botanists are not agreed to what genus this plant should 
be referred, but most of them since his time have followed 
Linnams in referring it to Saponaria ; Sir James Smith has 
however, in his Prodromus of the Grecian Flora, united it 
with Gypsophila, to which he has probably been induced 

by 



by its angular calyx and divaricate habit. According to 
Gartner the Capsule is five-celled at the base and one- 
celled at the upper part, a structure, which some may 
perhaps think sufficient to separate it from both these 
genera. To avoid confusion we adhere to the established 
name. 

The name of Vaccaria has been given it, it is said, from 
its being a favourite food of Cows. In the Hortus Kewensis 
it has the English name of Perfoliate Soap-wort, which we 
think it right to change because another species is recorded 
by the name of perfoliata in Willdenow's Enumeratio. 

There appears to be two varieties, one with smaller, the 
other with larger flowers, of which our figure represents 
the latter. 

From the brilliant colour of its flowers it is an ornamental 
annual plant, requiring only to be sown in the spring where 
it is intended to remain, and to be kept clear from weeds. 
We do not know that any coloured figure of it has been 
before given ; that in the Flora Graeca being as yet unpub- 
lished. Native of Germany and France. 

Communicated by N. S. Hodson, Esq. from the Botanic 
Garden, at Bury St. Edmunds. 



Afe&i 




( 2291 ) 

Gastronema clavatum. Striped-flowered 
Gastronema. 

Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Bulbus subrotundus. Folia decidua. Scapus aestivits. 
(rcrmcn pedunculo recte continuatum, trigone ovale. 
Tubus intu.s brcvis parte inferiore curvata, arcta, superiore 
ventricosa ampla. Lacinite breves,, subaequales. Filamenta 
conuivcntia, alterne longiora ; interiora summit fere, exte- 
riora media fere parte tubi regionis ventricosse inserta; 
superiors tria prope tubi latera torte declinata, inferiora 
recta apieibus conniventibus. Anther x breves, incum- 
bentes. Stylus declinatus, laciniae inferiori adpressus. 
Stigma trifidum. W. H. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Gastronema clavatum, foliis linearibus, scapo 1 — 2-floro, 
corolla alba rubro striata, laciniis brevibus reflexis. 

Amaryllis Pumilio. I fort. Kew. 1. 415. ed. 2. 2. 223. 
fVilld. Sp. PI. 2. 50. Ker Journ. 8c. et A. 

Cyrtanthus uuiflorus. Hot. Reg. 168. 

Amaryllis clavata. LIferitier Sert. Angl. II. 

Gastronema clavatum. Nobis in Appendice, p. 30. 



Descr. Bulb small, roundish. Leaves very narrow, 
erect. Scape reddish at bottom, bearing one or two flowers. 
Clcrmen triangularly oval, continued from the peduncle. 
Lower part of the lube narrow, cylindrical curved, green ; 
upper part wide, ventricose, white, with six conspicuous red 
(stripes. Limb short, with the segments reflex. Filaments 
conniving, the alternate longer ; the inner inserted near 

the 



the top, the outer near the middle of the veutricose part of 
the tube ; the three upper tortuously declined round the 
sides of the tube, the three lower straight, with their points 
conniving. Anthers short, incumbent. Style declined and 
pressed against the lower petal. Stigma trifid. 

The seeds of this genus arc probably flat and foliaccous, 
like those of Cyrtanthus and the other genera allied to it. 
The sketch was taken from a bulb imported by Mr. Bur- 
chell from the Cape, which flowered in the Spotforth col- 
lection. Specimens of this plant vary a little in the bril- 
liancy of the stripes and the expansion of the limb ; but 
I have never seen the germ and lower part of the tube 
red, as it is represented in the Botanical Register, nor 
the corolla so large. A bulb in Mr. Burchell's garden 
produced a two-flowered stem in the open border, on which 
account the name clavatum has been restored, unifiorum 
being improper and Pumilio having reference to the large 
bulbs of Amaryllis, &c. and not to the genus Gastroneina. 
For the wide difference between Gastroneina and Cyrtan- 
thus, see the Appendix, p. 28. W. //. 

The outline jigures represent 

1. A perpendicular section of the flower, the upper half, 
"2, Ditto, the lower half. 



F229Z, 




( 2292 ) 
Crinum moluccanum. Molucca Crinum. 

Cfoss <7??(Z Order. 
Kexandria Monogyma. 

Generic Character. 

Ihdbus coluumaris vel aphaetietts. /*V/« multifaria (nisi 
in C. disticho). Scapus 1 — 60-florus., seminibus maturesccn- 
.tibus flaccidus. Germen media parte crassiiis, triloculare, 
sessile vel pedunculo direete contiuuatiim. Tubus trigone 
cylindricus, genuine direete continuatus eoque gracilior. 
Lacinia alterme sub-requales., interna? plerumque latiores. 
Limbus patens vel semipatens, ante expansionem inclinatus 
vel nutans' Filamenta extra faucein tubi inserta, alterna 
vix profuudius et niarginibus lacmiarum interiorum puncto 
insertionis adnata. Stylus gracilis,, apicem versus tenuior. 
Stigma obtusum, trSgonum., vel trilobatum. Capsula dis- 
sepimentorum destructione 1 — 2-locularis., sacpe difformis 
valvis nullis vel obsoletis, seminibus temere disrupta. 
Ovula in pluri-speruiis vix discreta, sed massac cuiduin non 
soparabili in medio positse adhaerentia, apicibus versus dis- 
sepimenta tenden ti bus. Semina carnosa, integumento 
viridi non separabili, saepius magna, difl'ormia ; embryo 
cylindrico radicula temere albumen perforante. W. H. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Crinum moluccanum ; bulbo sphfiBfico, spatba bifida erccta 
obtusa., iloribus sessilibus, tubo linibum a>quante, 
foliis lanccolatis apice elongatis deorsum uudulatis. 

Crinum moluccanum. Roxb. Fl. hid. or. inodit. Ker in 
Joum. Sc. $• Arts. Herbert supra n. 2221. p. 6. 



Descr. " Bulb nearly sphaerical, the size of a goose's 
egg\ when stripped of its dead integuments of a pale purple 
colour, very different from the deep crimson of Crinum Zejjla- 
nicum." Leaves pale green, striate lanceolate, tapering to a 
point, undulated towards the base, nearly two feet long', and 

an 



an inch and a half wide at the base, margin a little rough. 
Scape eight inches high, flat on one side and convex on the 
other, reddish purple. Spat/ic membranaceous, two-leaved, 
erect, obtuse, striate, flesh-coloured. Floicers in our spe- 
cimen four, sometimes six, large, shewy. Germen sessile, 
green, unequally three-cornered : tube striate, flesh- 
coloured, equal in length to the limb, which is funnel-shaped : 
the laciniae striate, flesh-coloured in the middle, with 
white margins, somewhat recurved at the point . Stamens 
and style declined, equal, shorter than the laeiniae. 

The plant from which our drawing was taken flowered 
early in September at the Earl of Carnarvon's, High 
Clere, Berks ; and as we were informed by Mr. Gouen, his 
Lordship's Secretary, the bulb was received from Dr. 
Carey, of Serampore. 

' Mr. Herbert considers this species as very nearly allied 
to C. speciosum, respecting which and some other species 
of t^RiNUM he has requested us to insert the following ob- 
servations : — 

* The Ceylon bulb figured in the Bot. Reg, 579, under 
the name of Amaryllis insignis, or Roxburgh's Amaryllis, 
is the plant mentioned Appendix p. 27, as being ' in ap- 
pearance much like the Bengal Crinum Speciosum, and 
probably of that species.' The inflorescence, as repre- 
sented, is only distinguishable from that of C speciosum by ' 
the superior size of the flower and a shorter style, which 
however does not appear as if it had grown out to its full 
length. It is singular that although the Editor has men- 
tioned four Crinums as nearly allied to it, he has taken no 
notice of C. speciosum supra 2217, from which it yet 
remains to be shewn that it is a distinct species. Neither 
the Bengal speciosum nor this Ceylon species or variety 
appear to have been knoWn to Dr. Roxburgh, and it is 
certainly not his C. latifolium, as quoted in the Bot. Reg. 
There is a bulb of latifolium in the Spofforth collection, 
sent by Dr Carey, who had it from Dr. Roxburgh, closely 
allied to Zeylanicum, having the same strong scent to the 
coats of the bulb, the same habit and appearance, leaves 
very similar but more undulated, with a rougher margin 
and not tipped with red. L'lleritier's description of a 
pedunculated C. latifolium is probably erroneous ; because 
all the known species of the subdivision Ornate have the 
germen sessile. We take this opportunity of mentioning 
that, amongst the Longifolle, which are all extra-tropical 
and pedunculated, faeculum as well as fongiflorum has the 
ti laments knobbed . C, longifforum is a hardy species." ff r M. 



I.U93. 




FulhjS<ivte.W*.UroH*rJa.,T.,i.i.g, ! . -WtddulU. 



( 2293 ) 

CARTHAMUS CjERULEUS. BlX E- FLO WERE D 

Carthamus. 

^T^F <r> ^WifrlW " JF /[* W «r -r» yr?fr 

C/ass awd Order. 

&YNGENESIA PoLYGAMIA jEQUALIS. 

Generic Character. 

Recept. paleaceo-setosum. Cal. ovatus., imbricatus squa- 
mis apice subovato-foliaceis. Pappus paleaceo-pilosus s. 
nullus. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Carthamus c&ruleus ; caule subunifloro., foliis ovato-lan- 

ceolatis spinoso-dentatis. Willd. Sp. PL 3. p. 1709. 

Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 4. p. 492. 
Carthamus cceruleus ; foliis lanceolatis spinoso-dentatis 

caule subunifloro. Sp. PL 1163. Lam. Encycl. I. 

p. 638. 
Cnicus caeruleus asperior. Bauh. Pin. 378. 
Cnicus alter. Clus. Hisp. 453. / 454— Hist. 2. p. 152. 
Cnicus flore caeruleo. Lob. ic. 2. 19. 
Cnicus alter caeruleus. Ger. em. 1169. f. 2. Tabern. 

Kreuterbuch 1076. 
Cnicus alter perennis Clusii. Park. Theatr. p. 260. /. 3. 
Carduus erectus caeruleus Cnici facie foliis dissectioribus. 

Moris. Hist. 3. p. 159. §. 7. t. 34. / 19. saltern quoad- 

figuram. 
Onobroma caeruleum. Gaert. Sem. 2. p. 380. t. 160./ 7. 



Carthamus caruleus and tingitanus have been by some 
supposed to be the same species, and LiNNiEus himself has 
observed that they are too nearly related ; he has indeed 
quoted Morison's figure under his C. tingitanus, which is 
only a copy of Clusius's, referred to by Linn^us as repre- 
senting his C cceruleus; and this has probably occasioned 
the confounding of the two species. Lamarck, whilst he 

supposes 



supposes that Linn^eus's tingitanus may be a very distiuct 
species from cceruleus, has very properly added the synonym 
of Morison to the latter, of which he makes it a variety. 

Every one of the figures referred to in our list of synonyms 
is either a reprint or copy of that of Clusius, and as far as 
our researches have gone we find no other representation of 
this rare plant. From Cavanille's figure and description 
of Carthamus tingitanus, it appears to us to be a distinct 
though nearly related species, that having pinnatind leaves, 
whereas our plant has the margin of its leaves only slightly 
serrate. 

Native of Spain, a hardy perennial. Communicated by 
our friend A. B. Lambert, Esq. from his collection at 
Boy ton 



&ZZ94:. 



J.C-urHjJJel. 



TiJLAtlU 



( 2294 ) 

scorzonera purpurea, j3. grandiflora. 
Large Purple-flowered Viper's-Grass. 

cV. _4<j ifc ate &• A jfo jit i4^i ■Sb .Sk A afc ate .•fr. ;& &. 
C/ass «wrf Order. 

SYNGENESIA PoLYGAMIA jEQUALIS. 

Generic Character. 

Recept. nudum. Pappus plumosus, substipitatus. Calyx 
imbricatus squamis margine scariosis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Scorzonera purpurea ; foliis lineari-subulatis canaliculato- 

triquetris, caule ramoso. fVilld. Sp. PL 3. p. 150. 

Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 4. p. 435, 
Scorzonera purpurea ; foliis lineari-subulatis integris pla- 

nis, pedunculis cylindricis. Lin. Sp. PL 1113. Lam. 

Encycl. Bot. 7. p. 15. Ejusdem Illustr. t. 647. / 3. 
Scorzonera purpurea; foliis lineari-subulatis integris cana- 

liculato-triquetris, pedunculis cylindricis. J acq. Austr. 

1. p. 23. t.35. 

Scorzonera caule ramoso tereti, foliis linearibus acuminatis, 

calycibus obtusiusculis. Gmel. Sib. 2. p. 7. t.2. 
Scorzonera angustifolia subcserulea. Bauh. Pin. 275. 
Scorzonera angustifolia elatior pannonica 4. Clus. Hist. 

2. p. 139. S. pannonica 5*- Clus. Pan. p. 639. 
Scorzonera sylvestris, foliis angustis,, flore c«ruleo. Mentz. 

Pugil. t.l.f.l. 



The plant from which our drawing was made was raised 
at the Fulham Nursery from seeds gathered on the Carpa- 
thian Mountains by Mr. Howe. It is a showy plant when 
the flowers are expanded, but appears to us to be only a 
variety of Scorzonera purpurea, although a much stouter 
plant,, with larger flowers, than that figured by Jacquin in 
his Flora Austriaca. 

A hardy perennial. Flowers in May. Cultivated by 
Philip Miller in 1759. Communicated by Messrs. Whit- 
ley. Brame, and Milne. 




J[Z2BS 



&tA. h-j S. C\,> ttX Vv L*hr ^rth. Jaw ilS 2 



WrddeilJt 



( 2295 ) 

Lysimachia verticillata. Verticiuate 
Loose-strife. 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 
Generic Character. 
Cor. rotata. Caps, globosa, mucronata, 10-valvis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Lysimachia verticillata ; panicula composita verticillata,, pe- 
dunculis multifloris simplicibusque, calycibus capsula 
maculata longioribus. Fl. taur. caucas. 1. p. 141. et. 
3. p. 135. Marsch. Cent. 1. t. 32. 

Lysimachia verticillata ; foliis verticillatis oblongo-lanceo- 
latis petiolatis, pedunculis axillaribus uni-triflorisque, 
petalis ovatis acutis glanduloso-ciliatis, caule pubes- 
cente. Willd. Enum. p. 195. 



Descr. Stem octangular, rough, branched : branches 
naked at the lower part, upwards opposite-leaved, each 
petiole bearing four flowers, the peduncles being inserted 
on the footstalk and not in the axils. The centre of the 
stem bears four leaves in whorls at equal distances with 
four flowers on each footstalk. Leaves elliptical, villous 
on both sides, minutely ciliate at the margins. Flowers 
yellow, very like those of the common Loose-strife ; but 
the calyxes entirely without the red margin so constant in 
that ; stamens not half the length of the corolla. 

Distinguished from Lysimachia punctata, by the want 
both of the black spots in the leaves and the orange 
coloured spots in the corolla ; from vulgaris, which it more 
resembles in habit, by the calyx wanting (he red margins, 
and by the flowers growing in much more regular and 

equidistant 



equidistant whorls, supported almost constantly by four 
leaves or leaf-like bractes ; but on the side branches these 
are generally in pairs. 

Native of the woods of Tauria and Caucasus. Flowers 
in July and August. A hardy ornamental perennial. Com- 
municated by Mr. Anderson from the Chelsea garden. 



¥.2296, 




( 2296 ) 

Triumfetta annua, 0, Annual Triumfetta. 

CZass «wrf Order. 

DoDECANDRIA MoNOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. 5-petala. Cat. 5-phyllus. Capsula hispida, in qua- 
tuor vel quinque dissiliens. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Triumfetta annua; foliis ovatis serratis, pedunculis axilla- 

ribus trifloris, fructibus hamato-aculeatis : aculeis nudis. 
Triumfetta annua; foliis ovatis indivisis rarius lobatis. 

Lin. Mant. 73. Willd. Sp. PL 2. p. 856. 
Triumfetta foliis oblongo-ovatis obtusis serratis, petiolis 

longissimis. Mill. ic. 2. p. 199. t. 298. 
Triumfetta indica; foliis ovato-rhomboideis indivisis subtus 

tomentosis, fructibus axillaribus, aculeis nudis. Lam. 

Encycl.3. p. 420? 
(|3.) foliis ovato-lanceolatis aeuminatis. 



The leaves of most of the species of Triumfetta vary 
much in form ; most of them that are not generally lobed, 
shew a disposition to become so occasionally. In our plant 
the leaves were considerably more elongated at the point 
than in Miller's figure, but we consider it only as a mere 
variety of the same species. 

The flowers in this species are perfect, having both calyx 
and corolla ; it therefore belongs to Bartramia of Gaert- 
ner. The three-flowered peduncles, added to the prickles 
and the outer covering ot the capsule being smooth, we 
believe, will be found the best characters to distinguish the 
Triumfetta annua from the other known species. 

Native of the East Indies. Flowers in August and 
September. Being an annual is propagated by seeds only, 
which however it brings to maturity in our stoves. Com- 
municated by Mr. Blake from the collection of J. Vere, 
Esq. at Kensington Gore. 



J.tm 




( 2297 ) 
Malva Alcea. Vervain Mallow. 

Class and Order. 

MONADELPHIA PoLYANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. duplex : exterior 3-phyllus. Caps, plurimae mo- 
nospermy. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Malva Alcea; caule erecto, foliis inferioribus angulatis; 
superioribus quinquepartitis scabriusculis, calycis ex- 
terioris foliolis oblongis obtusis. Willd. Sp. PL 3. 
p. 790. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 4. p. 217. 

Malva Alcea; caule erecto, foliis multipartitis scabriusculis. 
Lin. Sp. PL 971. Scop. Cam. 2. p. 43. Host. Syn. 
PL Austr. p. 384. Poll. Pal. n. 660. Zorn. ic. 219. 

Malva Alcea ; caule erecto glabro, foliis cordatis ; inferio- 
ribus subrotundo-peltatis crenatis; reliquis profunde 
quinquepartitis. Cav. Diss. p. 75. t t 17. / 2. 

Malva caule erecto, foliis scabris, trilobatis : lobis latera- 
libus bipartitis, medio tripartito et quinquepartito. 
Hall. Hist. n. 1071. 

Alcea major vulgaris. Bauh. Pin. 316. Blackw. Herb, 
t. 309. Jig. mala. 

Alcea vulgaris. Dod. pempt. p. 656. / 2? Lob. ic. 1. 
655. f. 2 ? 

Alcea. Cam. Epit. 669. Fuchs. Hist. 79. t. 80. 



Descr. Stems erect, three feet high, rounded, smooth at 
the lower part and hairy at the upper, the hairs collected in 
little bundles, spreading. Stipules linear-lanceolate, ciliate. 
Leaves petioled, 3 — 5-partite : segments incised, obtuse, 
rugose-veined. Peduncles one-flowered, axillary and termi- 
nal, aggregate and solitary, somewhat hispid with fascicled 

hftiii. 



hairs. Flowers large, rose-coloured, sweet-scented : petals 
cuneiform, deeply emarginate or iobed; lobes crenulate 
on the inner sides. External calycine leaflets three, ovate, 
ciliate ; internal ones 5-cleft : segments delta-shaped. An- 
thers very many, white. Stigmas many, purple. Capsules 
many, surrounding a conical receptacle, smooth, dilated at 
the base : seeds kidney -shaped. 

Malva Alcea was supposed by Hudson to have been in- 
digenous to this country ; but this has probably arisen from 
its having been confounded with some variety of Malva 
moschata, and it is not now admitted into the British 
Flora. 

A hardy perennial. Native of Germany and France. 
Flowers from July to October. Our drawing was taken 
from a plant raised at the Fulham Nursery, from seeds 
gathered in the Carpathian mountains by Mr. Howe. 



If 229 8 




--*:< --"a.vr--.TjiKrrt.JMt.5t-. irtllil? 



( 2298 ) 

malva moschata. var. /3. undulata. 
Undulated Musk Mallow. 

?Vt iSt*! iSfc ■'Vi &i A lifi &. ?V 'l'. ■'fc ■'!•■ t^. . > l / . ."fr". 
W 1* 4* -r> 4* "l? «ff 4" '»* < t> <t» Vf* <t« <r» <f> 

C/ass ara£ Order. 

MONADELPHIA PoLYANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Calyx duplex : exterior 3-phyllus. Caps, plurimee, mo- 
nospermae. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Malva moschata; foliis radicalibus reniformibus incisis; 
caulinis quinquepartitis pinnato-multifidis, calyee pi- 
loso. Smith. Fl. Brit. 2. 742. Engl. Botany, 754. 

Malva moschata ; caule erecto foliis radicalibus reniformi- 
bus; caulinis quinquepartitis pinnato-multifidis, calycis 
exterioris folioiis linearibus. Willd. Sp. PI. 3. p. 790. 
Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 4. p. 217. 

Malva moschata. Lin. Sp. PL 971. Flor. Dan. 905. 
Curtis FL Lond. Cavan. Diss. 2. p. 76. t. 18. /. 1. 

Malva sive Alcea montana. Column. Ecphr. 147. 

Alcea tenuifolia crispa. Bauh. Hist. 2. p. 1067. 

(|3.) foliis atro-viridibus : laciniis undulatis. 

Malva laciniata, j3. Lam. Encycl. 3. p. 750 ? 



Malva moschata varies so much in the form,, colour, and 
degree of hariness of the leaves, that it is not easy to de- 
scribe them. Though supposed by Lamarck to be only a 
variety of Malva Alcea, these plants are undoubtedly distinct 
species ; moschata is of humbler growth, the leaflets of the 
outer calyx are linear-lanceolate, not ovate ; the capsules 
are pubescent ; the hairs of the stem and calyx are erect, 
simple, growing from a tubercle, frequently, but not in our 
specimen, of a red colour ; in Alcea the hairs grow in fasci- 
cles and spread into rays ; the musk scent is also wanting 

in 



in the latter ; the shape of the petals is also different, being 
much deeper divided at the apex in alcea, more truncate 
in moschata. 

Our plant which appears to differ in nothing from Malva 
moschata,, but in the darker green colour, and more undula- 
ted or crisped appearance of the leaves, and larger stature, 
circumstances arising probably from cultivation. It pos- 
sesses in a high degree the delicate scent of musk, which 
is given out by the leaves and especially by the calyxes, 
not by the flowers as is usually said ; and is best perceived 
by drawing the plant through the hand. 

A hardy perennial. Communicated by Messrs. Whitley, 
Bra me, and Milne, from the Fulham Nursery. 




W.2299. 



{ 3099 ) 

Hyssopus orientalis, 0. Oriental 
Hyssop. 

Oau and Order. 

DlDYNAMM GYMNOSPERMIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. labium inferius tripartitum: lacinula intermedia 
subcrenata. Stam. recta, distantia. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Hyssopus orientalis; verticillis subsexfloris racemosis secun- 
dis, tubo corolla? calyce longiore, foliis linearibus. 

Hyssopus orientalis; floribus verticillatis racemosis secundis, 
calycis dentibus patulis inasqualibus, lacinia corollas 
intermedia biloba integerrima, foliis lineari-lanceolatis. 
Willd. Enum. p. 599. Flor. Taur. Caucas. 3. p. 389. 

Hyssopus orientalis; floribus axillaribus longe pedunculatis 
secundis binis ternisve, lacinia corollae intermedia 
reniformi Integra, foliis inferioribus lanceolatis den- 
tatis ; superioribus linearibus, omnibus punctatis car- 
nosis, Schultes obs. p. 105. 

Hyssopus angustifolius ; verticillis sexfloris recemosis secun- 
dis, lacinia corollae intermedia triloba integerrima, 
foliis linearibus. Flora Taurico- Caucas. 2. p. 38. 

((3.) caule foliisque glabris. 



Hyssopus orientalis is very nearly allied to officinalis, 
being chiefly distinguished by its linear leaves, and longer 
tube of the corolla. In our plant, the deep red calvx con- 
trasted with the blue corolla was very remarkable; but this 
character does not appear to be constant. 

By favour of our friend Mr. Robert Brown we have had 
an opportunity of examining an original specimen from 
Mr. Adams, preserved in the Banksian Herbarium, which 

doet 



does not appear to differ from ours, except in being gene- 
rally covered with a hoary pubescence, the want of which 
may be attributed to the effect of cultivation. 

Hyssopus angustifolius of Marschall van Bieberstein 
is the same species; but having been called orientalis by 
Adams, and his name being published about the same time, 
and adopted by Willdenow, it has superseded the other. 

Native of Tauria and Caucasus. Is more impatient of 
cold than the common Hyssop. Communicated by Mr. 
Anderson from the Chelsea Garden. 



12300. 




( 2300 ) 

Hedychium spicatum. Spike-flowered 
Hedychium. 

Class and Order. 

MONANDRIA MoNOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Anther a duplex. Filamentum geniculatum extra antheram 
non elongatum. Stylus filamento duplo longior, filiformis, 
tenacissimus, in sulco antherae receptus. 

Specific Character. 

Hedychium spicatum; spathis truncatis unifloris, laciniis 
corollaB externis linearibus ; labello suborbiculato bi- 
lobo stylo longiore. 



Desc. Spike terminal, simple. Spathe erect, one-flower- 
ed, two-valved : outer valve truncate, green, entirely con- 
cealing the inner lesser one. Germen sessile, three-celled : 
ovules several, globular, shining. Tube of the corolla ex- 
tending an inch beyond the spathe, filiform : the three 
external lacinite equal, linear : the two internal lanceolate : 
labeUum erect suborbicular, two-lobed, with the lobes 
emarginate. Anther oblong, embracing the style : stigma 
produced beyond the anther, funnel-shaped, hairy within 

Roots of this undescribed species of Hedychium were 
*ent by Dr. Wallich of Calcutta, to our friend Mr. Kent 
of Clapton in 1820, under the name which we have adopted. 
One of them was planted in the open border in the front of 
the stove and another in the front of the greenhouse ; both 
these stood the winter and made stronger plants than what 
were housed, the former produced flowers in October 1821, 
from which our drawing was made. 

Native of Napaul, and being sufficiently hardy to bear 
the cold of our ordinary winters, promises to be an acqui- 
sition to our gardens, though less ornamental than some of 
the tenderer kinds. 



Nzioi. 




TKRvl.rt.Eel. fu.b . hf.S. Curtil. TT«Jww rt'n. March..x iSiz. 



( 2301 ) 

CftlNUM ENSIFOLIUM. SwORD-LEAVED 

Crinum. 

Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — Vide No. 2392, 
Specific Character and Synonym*. 

Sect. 1. Patentes. Subdiv. nutantes. 

Crinum ensifolium; bulbo ovato stolonifero, foliis suberec- 
tis angustis acutis, scapo purpureo, floribus patentibus 
5 — 6, limbo albo extus purpurascente, tubo purpureo, 
genuine subsessili purpureo, loculis dispermis. 

Crinum ensifolium. Roxburg. Hort. Beng. Ker. Journ. 
Sc. et A. Nobis supra 2231, in specierum enumeratione 
et in appendice p. 22. 



Desc. Bulb green, ovate, stoloniferous. Leaves nearly 
erect, narrow, acute, an inch wide, sometimes about three 
feet long. Scape purple. Flowers five of six, patent, 
fragrant. Limb white, near four inches long, narrow, the 
outer petals purplish without. Tube purple, four inches 
long. Germ subsessile, purple. Cells with two ovules. 
This species is a native of Pegu, and closely allied to C. 
Defixum, from which it may be however easily distin- 
guished by the point of its leaves being less erect and more 
acute. It is a smaller and much more delicate plant than 
Defixum, requiring a stronger heat and less water, the 
lower part of the bulb being very liable to be injured by 
too much wet, It encreases fast by stolones, but does not 
flower so freely as C. Dejixum. 

Flowered at SpofForth in April 1821 as is supposed (or 
we first time in Europe JfV W 



1.2302. 




( 2802 ) 

C.ANXA GLAUCA, /3. RUFA. BliFF-COLOURED 
G.LAUCOITS-LEAVED INDIAN ReED. 

(Jlass and Order. 

MoNANDRIA MoNOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Anthera simplex, filamenti margini adnata. Stylus cras- 
sus, claviforrnis. Stigma obtusum. Caps. 3-locularis. Sem. 
globosa numerosa. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Canna giauca ; foliis glaucis laciniis interioribus tribus 

erect is ovatis strictis, labello revoluto. 
Canna giauca ; corollae limbo interiore trifido : laciniis 

ovatis strictis, nectario trilobato fimbriato. Roscoe in 

Lin. Soc. Trans. 8. p. 339. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. l.p.2. 
Canna giauca; foliis petiolatis lanceolatis glaucis subtus 

enervibus. Willd. Sp. PL 1 . p. 4. Excluso syno- 

nymo Dillenii. 
Canna giauca; foliis elliptico-lanceolatis glaucis, laciniis 

corollae exterioribus erectis, labio superiore trilobato 

lobis tribus ovatis strictis ; inferiore indiviso recurvo. 

Exot. Bot. p. 83. t. 102. ex anglico versum. 
( ; 3.) rufa ; Corollis rubro tinctis : labello variegaio inte- 

gerrimo. 



Mr. Robert Brown has very properly separated the 
Cannes from the ScitaminEjE of Linnaeus, an order retained 
by Jussieu under the name of Cann,e. See Prodromus 
Flora? Nova Hollandiaz, p. SOI. 

The character of Canna has been considered differently 
by different botanists. The flower is furnished with a 
real persistent superior calyx distinct from the corolla, 
which latter Jussieu denominates calyx, consequently ac- 
cording to him it has a double calyx. The corolla is 

monopetalons. 



monopetalous, tubular, divided, more or less deeply, into 
six lacinice, three exterior generally erect, nearly equal, 
acute, and, being frequently more or less green, resemble 
a calyx ; three interior larger, often differing in size, form, 
and position ; now straight, now recurved, and one some- 
times nearly, or perhaps entirely obliterated ; though some 
traces of it may mostly be detected by careful observation. 
Besides these six laciniae there are three other petal-like 
appendages, smaller and narrower, one of which is the 
style, more rigid and fleshy than the others, but frequently 
equalling, sometimes exceeding, the others in length ; the 
other two stand opposed to each other; the upper one, 
which bears the exhausted anther on its margin, is deno- 
minated filament, the lower one generally re volute, and 
often of a different colour, the labellum; these two form 
the nectarium of Linnaeus, who consequently describes the 
anther as inserted in the margin of the nectarium without 
filament. But the filament and style are so changed at the 
time of the expansion of the flower, that their real nature 
cannot be understood without examining them at a much 
earlier stage, as explained at No. 2085. 

The Corolla of our variety of Canna glauca has its limb 
divided into three exterior lacinice, erect, lanceolate, acute ; 
and three interior, ovate, nearly equal, all erect; a petal-like 
filament, bearing the effete anther at the lower part of its 
margin, and becoming revolute above ; opposed to this the 
labellum, narrow, variegated, quite entire ; style rigid, be- 
coming much elongated and undulate. 

It is doubtful whether our plant ought not rather to be 
considered as a distinct species than a variety ; it differs 
from the glauca of Exotic Botany, not only in the colour 
of the flower, which in that is a plain yellow without 
intermixture, but in the upright internal laciniae being 
narrower, more pointed, and sometimes a little notched ; 
in the labellum being, in our individual at least, quite 
entire, not emarginate at the extremity. 

Native of South America; Mr. Anderson has received 
it from the Caraccas and from St. Vincent's. The figure 
referred to in the Hortus Kewensis, as authority for its 
having been cultivated by Dr. Sherard, belongs to Canna 
flaccida. 

Communicated last October by our friend John Walker, 
Esq. of Arno's Grove, Southgate, who raised it from seed 
several years ago. 



E230X 




i~luir*J*mtt 



( 23G3 ) 

Gentiana intermedia. Intermediate 
Gentian. 

jpj \jj iff v^r vf* ^fr "/jp '^r n ;• "4 -■ ■^»* "Kf ? vf? vx» vfrtf«™T- 

CkM.s and Order. 

Pentandria DieYMA. 

(ieftcr iv Character., 

Cor l-petalu. Caps. 2-vatvjs, 1-ioculuris: R<?ceptticuli$ 
2, longitudinalibus. 

Specific Character and Synonym*. 

Gentiana intermedia; foliis obovato-oblongis trinerviis, 
floribus terminalibus aggregate, calycibus foliaceis 
inaequalibus, corollis ventricosis quinquefidis inapertis: 
plicis interioribus subsimplicibus. 

Gentiana ochroleuca. Pursh FL Amer. Sept. 1. p. 185 ? 

Gentiana Saponaria. Michaux Flor. Bor. Amer. I. p. 176? 



Descr. Whole plant quite smooth. Leaves oblong- 
obovate, quite entire, obsoletely 3-nerved. Flowers in a 
terminal few -flowered head, and lateral on very short 
branches bearing from one to three flowers, but never truly 
verticillate. Calyx five-cleft : segments very unequal, 
foliaceous, one sometimes even longer than the corolla. 
Corolla barrel-shaped, segments acute : inner foldg simple 
or sometimes bifid. Colour externally whitish-green, chang- 
ing more or less to violet, internally streaked with violet. 
Stamens and germen only half the length of the corolla : 
filaments two-edged : anthers distinct. Stigmas finally 
spreading and revolute. Both calyx and corolla are now 
a "d then six-cleft. The taste of the leaves is bitter like 
roost or all of the genus. 

Gentiana Saponaria, Cmtezbm, ochroleuca, ami inler- 
wrrfio have a ve.rv near affinity, and yet all have some 

|»omt- 



points of difference, perhaps sufficient to keep them specifi- 
cally distinct. They all have ventricose or barrel -shaped 
flowers which continue closed ; the internal plica; of Sapo- 
naria are fimbriated, of ochroleuca and intermedia nearly 
or quite simple; the flowers in Saponaria and especially in 
Catesbcei (if these plants are really distinct) are more ver- 
ticillate, in ochroleuca more crowded at the extremity of 
the stalk; in intermedia the flowers are altogether terminal, 
the lateral ones being never truly axillary, but supported 
on short leafy branches ; the leaves in the fatter are broader 
towards the point than in either of the others. 

For this, as we believe, unrecorded species, we are in- 
debted to Mr. Joseph Knight of the King's Road, who 
received the roots from North America in the spring of 
1820; he supposes it to be a native of Virginia. A hardy 
perennial. Flowers in October. 




I230&-. 



*..l.t_,i^rfK.Tr*t>ror«iuJr—-J"I IS". 






( 2304 ) 
Aloe nitida. Polished Aloe. 

Class and Order. 

Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — Vide No. 1352. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Sect. Curviflora. Gasteria, Haw. 

Aloe nitida; acaulis, foliis ereeto-patulis multifariis sub- 
triquetris mucronatis albido-maculatis nitidissimis, 
scapo simplici, bracteis assurgentibus. 

Aloe nitida; foliis ereeto-patulis, latis, multifariis, supra 
excavatis, subtus alte carinatis, apice acutis ; atroviri- 
dibus, obsolete albido-maculatis, glaberrimis, nitidis ; 
marginibus cartilagineis integerrimis. Prince de Salm 
Dyck Catal. raisonee. n. 33. 



Desc. Leaves about nine, between erect and spreading, 
surrounding the root in all directions, fleshy, unequally 
three-sided, lower side unequally convex, upper concave, 
a third narrower and flat, dotted with small, linear, fre- 
quently confluent spots: angles cartilagineous, slightly 
tubercular, sharp-pointed with a subpungent mucro ; when 
old they shine like polished marble. Scape erect, a foot 
and half in length, compressed towards the base, rounded 
at the uppei* part. Flowers curved, swelled at the base, 
contracted upwards very like those of carinata, (No. 1331) 
and Lingua (1322). Indeed the whole section of Curvi- 
norce, which form the genus Gasteria of Haworth's supple- 
ment, hardly afford any distinguishing characters in either 
he form or colour of the corolla. The flowers are sweet- 
scented something like the Hyacinth The taste of the 
leaves is mild without acrimony or bitterness 

The 



The specimen from which our drawing was taken was 
sent us in March last, by Mr. Thomas Hitchin of Norwich, 
who received it from the Prince of Salm Dycx, with whom 
it had not blossomed at the time of the publication of his 
Catalogue. It was raised from Cape seeds at Utrecht and 
communicated to the Prince bv M. Van Marum. 



C 2305 ) 
Achania Malvaviscus. Scarlet Achania. 

."V. iV. ik. A'. &. ■ V I / . &. A'. &. & ■•i / . &. &. &. &. &. jfci .~i'. 

<t> nc vjs* vj» */i\ •4*.* "^' •/!»" vfv" ^ ij? w •/$.• vjf." ",j. vj» '(f? */K 
CZass awe? Order. 

MONADELPHIA PoLYANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. duplex : exterior polyphyllus. Cor. convoluto-clau- 
sa. Stigmata 10. Bacca 5-locularis, 5-sperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Achania Malvaviscus ; foliis scabriusculis, acuminatis, fo- 

Holis calycis externis erectis. Willd. Sp. PL 3. p. 839. 

Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 4. p. 233. 
Hibiscus Malvaviscus; foliis cordatis crenatis, angiitis la- 

teribus extimis parvis, caule arboreo. Sp. PL 978. 

Kniph. Cent. 1. n. 31. Swartz. Fl. Ind. occid. p. 1222. 
Hibiscus frutescens, foliis angulatis cordatis acuminatis, 

petalis ab uno latere auritis. Brown Jam. p. 284. 
Malvaviscus arborescens flore miniato clauso. Dill. Elth. 

210. t. 170. / 208. 
Malvaviscus arborea. Cav. Diss. 3. p. 131. t. 48. f. I. 

Lam. Encycl. 4. p. 1. 
Malva arborea, folio oblongo acuminato glabro dentato. 

Sloane Hist. 1. p. 216. t. 136./. 1. 
Alcea indica arborea, folio molli flore amplo eleganter 

coccineo. Pluk. Aim. p. 14. t. 257. /. 1. quoad 

figuram, 



Descr. A tall shrub with alternate, three-lobed, acumi- 
nate leaves, serrate, roughish : petioles recurved. Peduncles 
axillary, solitary, one-flowered. External cali/x of several 
leaflets linear, erect ; internal of one leaflet with a five-cleft 
border. Corolla of five petals, obovate, convolute, never 
fully expanding. Column of stamens and styles twisted, 
twice the length of the corolla; anthers pendulous, scat- 
tered along the column ; stigmas recurved 

N;iti\»- 



Native of Jamaica. With us an inhabitant of the stove, 
where its handsome foliage and bright scarlet flowers pro- 
duced most part of the year, render it very ornamental. 
Cultivated in 1714, by the Duchess ,of Beaufort. Commu- 
nicated by Mr. Blake from the collection of James Vere, 
Esq. 



Y.2306. 




( 2306 ) 

Cactus speciosissimus. Crimson-flowered 
Torch-Thistle. 

jlf.jlt.Jl/. «1». •tt.'S* «X» «3/_>l» «!/_ J/. «1a >!/. <!/. jl/.jl/.jl/. 0L> 

C&m «wrf Order. 

ICOSANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. 1-phyllus, superus, imbricatus. Cor. multiplex. 
Bacca 1-loculariSj polysperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Sect. III. Cerei, stantes per se. 

Cactus speciosissimus ; caule erecto 3 — 4-gono : ang 1 1 1 is 
dentatis, flore campanulato patente, genitalibus decli- 
natis, stigmatibus decern geminatis. Desfontaines in 
Mem du Mus. d'hist. nat. 3. p. 190. t. 9. Bot. Reg. 
486. 

Cactus speciosus ; erectus, leviter quadrangularis, angiitis 
dentatis. Willd. Enum. suppl. p. 31. 



The late Professor Willdenow, in a supplement to his 
Enumeration of the plants of the Berlin garden, baa divided 
the genus Cactus into eight sections, viz. Echinocacti, 
Hedgehog or Mammilary Thistles. 2. Melocacti, Melon 
Thistles. 3. Cerei, Torch Thistles. 4. Cerei repentes, 
Creeping Cereuses. 5. Rhipsalides, Pendulous Cereuses. 
6 Opunti*, Indian-Figs. 7. Phyllanthi, Spleen wort-like 
Indian-Figs. 8. PereskijE, Barbadoes-Gooseberry. These 
* N lions have by some botanists been separated into nearly 
;,s many genera ; Mr. Ha worth makes seven distinct gene- 
l;i retaining the name of ('actus for the second of the above 
tortious only, and uniting the third and fourth under that 

of 



of Cereus. To the first section he gives the name of Main- 
milaria, and to the seventh that of Epiphyllum, Phyllanthus 
being already occupied. His other genera all retain the 
names given to the different sections. 

Cactus speciosissimus, belongs to the third section. This 
plant having been already published under this name in 
the Memoires of the museum of Natural . History and in 
the Botanical Register, -we adopt it to prevent confusion, 
though that of speciosus has the right of priority. The 
speciosus of M. Bonpland was first described and accurately 
characterized by M. De Candolle under the name ofphyl- 
lanthoides, (vide supra n. 2092.) 

Native of South America. Requires to be kept in the 
dry stove and treated as other tender succulents. 

Introduced from Paris by the Count De Vandes, in whose 
collection at Bayeswater, the plant from which our drawing 
was taken flowered in great perfection, in July last, as it 
had done the preceding year. The gardener remarked 
that the red streak to be seen in our drawing below the 
flower-bud, constantly denoted the tubercles from which 
the flowers would proceed, and this some time before the 
appearance of the bud. 



¥2301 




% 



Fuh W.S Curi^W-Aro^tk-Jlfuili.i tin. 



( 2307 ) 

Maranta arundinacea. Indian 
Arrow-Root, 

& & & ft Jt iP. &, .'fri ifa fr, &. &. &. &. ^, 't', i^, 

*!«■ "T> <?» W W <fl» Jf? -T» «fc 4» MS <T» <T> ^» *J» Vf? 'Jff 

Class and Order. 

MONANDRIA MoNOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Anthera simplex, filamento adnata. Stylus petaliformis. 
Stigma subtrigonum. Sem. 1. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Maranta arundinacea; culmo ramoso herbaceo, foliis 

ovato-lanceolatis subtus pilosiusculis. Roscoe in Lin. 

Soc. Trans. 8. p. 339. WUld. Sp. PL I. p. 13. Hort. 

Kew. ed. alt. 1. p. 2. 
Maranta arundinacea ; Swartz. obs. p. 8. Redoute Lit. 57. 
Maranta arundinacea ; culmo ramoso, corollis sexpartitis, 

pericarpiis monospermis. Lam. Encycl. 2. p. 588. 
Maranta arundinacea Cannacori folio. Plum. Gen. 16. 

Mart. Cent 39. t. 39. 
Canna indica radice alba alexipharmaca. Sloane Hist. 1 . 

p. 253. t. 149. nil prater folium. Raj. Hist. 3. p. 573. 
Canna indica, angustifolia pedrculis longis ad imum folium 

nodo singular! geniculate. Pluk. Aim. 79. 



The genus Maranta belongs to the natural order of 
Cannea? of Brown, as distinguished from the Scitaminea. 
The present species is a plant of considerable interest, 
the elegant article of diet, sold under the name of Indian 
Arrowroot, being prepared from its roots, not, as has been 
said, by drying and pounding, but by maceration in water 
in the same manner as starch is made, from wheat, potatoes 
and other farinaceous substances. Great quantities of this 
search have of late years been imported into this country 

from 



from the West-Indies, and much recommended as food for 
young children, and as a light nourishment in sickness. 
A similar substance, probably in every respect of equal 
efficacy, and not less salubrious, has of late years been 
prepared in considerable quantities, in the isle of Portland, 
from the roots of the common cuckow-pint (Arum macu- 
latum) . 

Native of tropical South America ; and cultivated in 
all the West-India islands. With us must be kept in the 
stove, where it produces its very fugitive blossoms in July 
and August. Introduced by Dr. William Houston before 
1732. Communicated by the Hon. and Rev. William 
Herbert. 



J.Z308. 




( 2308 ) 

Azalea iiybrida enneandra. Hybrid 
Rhododendron-like Azalea. 

****************** 

Class and Order. 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. 5-partitus. Cor. inftmdibuliformis aut campanulata, 
5-fida, inaequalis. Stam. 5, sub pistillo inserta. Caps. 5-lo- 
cularis. Jussieu. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Azalea hybrida, enneandra ; fioribus racemosis sub decan- 

dris, foliis perennantibus. 
Rhododendron hybridum, enneandron. Herbert in Trans. 

Horticult. Soc. v. 3. 



For a specimen of this charming" fragrant shrub we are 
indebted to the Hon. and Rev. William Herbert, who 
states that it was raised from seeds of a white-flowered 
Azalea accidentally fecundated by the pollen of a Rhodo- 
dendron ponticum which stood near it. Which is the more 
probable as the American Azaleas, Mr. Herbert observes, 
rarely produce seed with us, from the want of pollen. It is 
a low shrub, with many slender weak branches, produces 
abundance of flowers during the summer months, which are 
very fragrant. Leaves evergreen, a little variegated with 
yellow. Rhododendron hybridum glaucum of Mr. Herbert 
figured in the Botanical Register No. 193, the product of 
an Azalea fecundated by the pollen of Rhododendron 
maximum, differs from our plant in having glaucous leaves, 
and an erect, more arborescent stem. We have received 
specimens under the name of Rhod. azaleoides, supposed 
to be mule products of Azalea ami Rhododendron from 

Messrs. 



Messrs. Loddiges and Sons, Messrs. Chandler and Buck- 
ingham, and from Mr. Thompson of Mile-End. The latter 
nurseryman has four varieties, all raised from seeds of an 
Azalea, one of which is very fragrant. 

Though these mules have generally gone by the name of 
Rhododendra because they have more than five, generally 
ten, stamens, yet we cannot think it right to change the 
generic name from that of the mother plant ; of which it is 
possible, though perhaps not probable, that it may be a 
mere seminal variety, when we consider the long list of 
varieties, all supposed to owe their origin to Azalea nu- 
diflora ; some of which scarcely differ less from one another 
than our plant from some of them. The two genera 
indeed, though widely separated in the artificial system of 
Linnaeus, on account of the difference in the number of 
their stamens, are apparently one in nature. 

This is a hardy evergreen shrub, well worthy of cultiva- 
tion, both on account of its beauty and fragrance. 



N.2309. 







( 2309 ) 

Cerbera Thevetia. Linear-leaved 
Cerbera. 

■^ •St / . &. &'. &, &, &, i s l'. ■*!'■ Vf ■*!'■ .*t / . .'I'. . v I'. ."fr, .^ . ^t .~lv 
■/!>! VfC Ifl.* vj»' yj." VJS? tx» Vf*' Vf» 7F Vf. Jt* /K Vf» yf> Vp. Vf» "Is 

Oass ««rf Order. 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Contorta. Drupa monosperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Cerbera Thevetia; foliis linearibus longissimis confertis. 

Sp. PL 304. Willd. 1. 1223. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 2. 

p. 66. Jacq. Amer. 48. t 34. Swartz obs. 102. 
Cerbera Thevetia; foliis linearibus longissimis confertis, 

floribus subsolitariis axillaribus elongatis. Poire t En- 

cycl. suppl. 1. p. 261. 
Ahovai Nerii folio, flore luteo. Plum. Cat. PI. Amer. p. 

20. ic. 18. 
Plumeria arborescens, foliis lanceolatis, floribus fauee 

ampliatis subcampanulatis. Brown Jam. 181. 
Nerio affinis angustifolia lactescens, flore luteo. Pink. 

Aim. 263. t. 207. / 3. 
Ahoay-miri. Piso. Bras. p. 308. 
Yccotli. Hernand. Mex. 443. 



Cerbera Thevetia is a native of the West Indies, where 
it is said to grow into a handsome tree,, from twelve to 
fifteen feet in height ; the branches are rounded and flexile, 
abounding in every part with a milky acrid juice, supposed 
to be of a very poisonous quality. In our stoves it forms 
a handsome shrub ; but we believe seldom blossoms, as its 
time of flowering is not noted in the Hortus Kewensis, 
nor in Sweet's Catalogue ; indeed it is far from common, 
and is rare even in its native country. 

Communicated last October by Messrs. Whitley, Brame, 
and Milne. 



J.231Q. 




Ait ljS.CT~rUlW*iwcrtii^r'A~l 3 ^,a ii 



( 2310 ) 

RUDBECKIA PINNATA. FRAGRANT PINNATED 
RUDBECKIA. 

Class and Order. 
Syngenesia Polygamia Frustanea. 

Generic Character. 

Recept. paleaceurrr, conicum. Pappus margine4-dentato. 
Calyx duplici ordine squamarum. 

Specific Cliaracter and Synonyms. 

Rudbeckia pinnata ; foliis omnibus pinnatis : pinna una 

alterave inferiorum bipartita., reliquis indivisis, pappo 

integerrimo, caule sulcata hispido. Schrad. neu.journ. 

2. p. 61. Wittd. Enum. p. 921. Pursh. Fl. am. Sept. 

2. p. 576. 
Rudbeckia pinnata; foliis radicalibus pinnatis; caulinis 

lobatis : summis indivisis, flosculis atro-purpureis, re- 

ceptaculo elongato, seminibus nudis. Hort. Kew. ed. 

alt. 5. p. 130. Vent. eels. 71. 
Rudbeckia pinnata ; caule anguloso pubente ; foliis laci- 

niato-pinnatis ; segmentis lanceolatis: disco oblongi- 

uscule ovoideo; corollulis dentatis. Michaux Flor. 

am. bor. 2. p. 144. 
Rudbeckia pinnata; foliis scabris ; inferioribus compositis ; 

superioribus trifidis-quinquefidisve ; summis indivisis. 

Smith. Exot. Bot. p. 73. t. 38. ex anglico versa. 
Aconitum Helianthemum Canadense. Cornuti Canad. p. 

178. t. 179. 
Chrysanthemum americanum majus foliis magis dissectis. 

Moris. Hist. 3. §.6. t. 6. /. 54. 
Rudbeckia odorata. Hortulanis. 



The synonymy of Rudbeckia laciniata, digita, and pinnata 
is so confused as to be altogether inextricable ; and it is 
very difficult to distinguish satisfactorily the different spe- 
cies. 



cies. According to Schrader's definitions our plant, if it 
be one of the three, must certainly be pinnata ; being the 
only one that has a sulcate hispid stalk, that of both the 
others being smooth. Pursh and Willdenow in his species 
plantarum, both refer to Morison's Jig. 53 for laciniata, 
and to Jig. 54 for digitata, yet the latter is a mere copy of 
Cornuti's figure referred to by both authors for laciniata. 
Willdenow in his Enumeratio refers to his former character 
of digitata as a synonym of pinnata, excluding the synonyms 
of Aiton and Morison, the latter of which we are inclined 
to consider as a synonym of our plant, though the same as 
Cornuti's figure referred in the Hortus Kewensis to laciniata. 
Native of North America. Communicated by Mr. Salis- 
bury from the Botanic garden at Brompton, in August 
1815. It is a hardy perennial ; propagated by its creeping 
roots. Introduced from the Madrid garden about the year 
1803 by Lady Amelia Hume. 



m 



12311. 




( 2311 ) 

RUTA ANGUSTIFOLIA. N ARROW-LEAVED RlJE. 

*4lHfe4MlMlHlMlMfejlMfc4M6AAJMfcwiMfci 
4* 4* *T» *r> st* & 4* <f» i|n|np <w ^> "jj\ T|C^HfP 

C&m and Order. 

Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5 — 4-partitus. Petala concava. Recept. punctis 
melliferis 10 vel 8 cinctum. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Ruta angustifolia ; foliis supradecompositis : foliolis lineari- 

ellipticis subaequalibus, petalis ciliatis, capsular lobis 

acuminatis conniventibus. 
Ruta angustifolia ; foliis supradecompositis ; lobis oblongo- 

cuneatis subsequalibus, petalis ciliatis. De Cand. Cat, 

Hort. Monspel. p. 140. 
Ruta angustifolia; foliis inciso-pinnatifidis : laciniis lineari 

cuneatis, floribus corymboso-patulis, petalis ciliatis. 

Per soon Syn. I. p. 464:. 
Ruta chalepensis, |3. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 3. p. 35. De 

Cand. Fl. franc. 4. p. 733. Willd. Sp. PI 2. p. 544. 
Ruta chalepensis tenuifolia, florum petalis villis scatenti- 

bus. Moris. Hist. 2. p. 508 : §. 5. t. 35. / 8. 



We think with Persoon and De Candolle that the broad - 
leaved Ruta chalepensis is quite a distinct species from our 
plant, we have therefore not hesitated in adopting; their 
name. At No. 2018 of this work we have given a figure of a 
species of Ruta under the name of macrophylla, which may 
perhaps be the broad-leaved variety of Ruta chalepensis 
We believe that the connivent acute points of the lobes 
of the calyx will distinguish this, not only from that species, 
but also from officinalis, of which our plant has also been 
deemed a variety. 

It 



It is a tolerably hardy shrub ; native of the stony soil of 
most parts of the South of Francej and probably of the 
coast of Barbary. We have received specimens of it from 
Malta, but whether of spontaneous growth or not we are 
uncertain. 

Communicated by N. S. Hodson, Esq. from the Botanic 
Garden, Bury St. Edmunds. 




12322. 



.l-httLtWaUroUK 



( 2312 ) 

SlSYRINCHIUM LAXUM. LoOSE-FLOWERED 
SlSYRINCHIUM. 

&■ .S^i rS^i &- . V K A'. &. &. jfr. &• &. iV. tV, &. &. &i A'. 

C/#ss «wrf Order. 

MONADELPHIA TRIANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Spatha diphylla. C«Z. 0. Petala 6, subaequalia, plana. 
Filamenta omnino connata. Stylus 1. Caps. 3-locularis, 
infera. 

Specific Character. 

Sisyrinchium laxum ; caule ramoso, foliis ensiformibus, 
spatha subaequali triflora, petalis planis striatis ro- 
tundato-ovatis cum acumine parvo. 



This new species of Sisyrinchium was introduced into 
the Chelsea garden in 1820,, by Mr. Otto, Curator of the 
Berlin Botanical garden, under the name which we have 
adopted. Besides having white streaked flowers instead 
of yellow, this plant differs entirely from the figure of 
Sisyrynchium convolutum, in the Hortus Berolinensis, 
though the specific character given of that plant in 
Willdenow's enumeratio applies to it pretty well. 

Communicated by Mr. Anderson of the Chelsea garden, 
who has treated it as an alpine, and it has survived the 
last winter exposed to the open air. 

Native country unknown. Flowers in June. 



X231X 




<j.s. b~-^vna*. l ,ro^. ) h trA ^ SlLt 



( 2313 ) 

SlSYRINCHIUM TENUIFOLIUM. NARROW- 
LEAVED SlSYRINCHIUM. 

Class and Order. 

MONADELPHIA TrIANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Spatha diphylla. Cal. 0. Petala 6, subaequalia, plana. 
Filamenta omnino connata. Stylus I. Caps. 3-locularis, 
infera. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Sisyrinchium tenuifolium; scapo ancipiti adscendente foli- 
oso, spatha triflora, capsulis hirtis, foliis lineari-filifor- 
mibus. Willd. Enum. 691. 

Marica tenuifolia. Ker, in Journ. of Sci. and Arts. v. 1. 
p. 174. 



For other synonyms and description, consult No. 21 17. 
The prior publication of this species at the above number 
in vol. 47, had entirely escaped our memory, and the 
mistake was not discovered till the plates of the present 
number were completely worked off and coloured. 

Our present [figure was drawn earlier in the morning at 
the time the flower was fully expanded, before the petals 
were reflexed, as happens in a few hours after. Communi- 
cated by Mr. Anderson from the Apothecariei garden at 
Chelsea in July 1821. 



I.Z3& 




fu».lyj:a^Kr 'Vm/mHK.J^uH.i lizt 



( 2314 ) 

Mespilus odoratissima. Sweet-scented 
Hawthorn. 

inp <f» vfc i^ininp^nininininviinincK 
C&m «wrf Order. 

ICOSANDRIA PeNTAGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 
Cal. 5-fidus. Petala 5. Bacca infera 5-sperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Mespilus odoratissima ; foliis trapeziformibus utrinque 
pubescentibus pinnatifidis : laciniis inciso-dentatis : 
dentibus integerrimis. 

Mespilus odoratissima; foliis utrinque pubescentibus pin- 
natifidis : laciniis incisis. Bot. Repos. 590. 

Crataegus orientalis; foliis subtrifidis inciso-serratis hirsutis, 
floribus pentagynis, calycinis segmentis acutiusculis 
reflexis hirsutis. Flor. taur. cauc. 1. p. 387. et. 3. 
p. 322. 

Cratjsgus orientalis. Pall. Ind. taur. 

Mespilus orientalis. Habl. taur. 

Azaroli species ramis spinescentibus, foliis utrinque albido- 
lanatis, fructibus rubris. Tourn. itin. ed. gallic. 2. 
p. 172. 



The number of styles by which Linnaeus distinguished 
Crataegus, Sorbus, Mespilus, and Pyrus, being found quite 
too uncertain for the purpose, Sir James E. Smith has ex- 
cluded the two former and referred the species to one or 
other of the two latter according to their fruit. 

But Mr. Lindley in a paper lately published in the 13th 
volume of the Transactions of the Linnean Society, has 
restored the genus Crataegus, finding characters indepen- 
dent of the styles, sufficient to establish what appears to be 



a very natural genus. If the genus Crataegus be retained, 
our plant should certainly rank under it, but as the nearly 
allied species Mespilus tanacetifolia is arranged under 
Mespilus in the Hortus Kewensis, an unwillingness for 
changing backwards and forwards restrains us, for the 
present, from making any alteration. 

From having compared our plant with Pallas's specimen 
of Crataegus orientalis preserved in the Lambertian Herba- 
rium, we have no doubt of their being of the same species, 
though the Taurian plant has a much longer and thicker 
pubescence; but Marschall v. Bieberstein's character 
does not altogether accord with it, and leaves some doubt 
whether he has not described the tanacetifolia; which is 
distinguished from our plant, besides the difference of their 
fruit, by the segments of the leaves being minutely serrate, 
which in odoratissima are only cut into a few larger quite 
entire teeth. 

A hardy tree. Flowers in June. Native of Southern 
Tauria on the borders of the Euxine sea. Communicated 
by John Walker, Esq. of Arno's grove. 



%> 



I 'Mi. 




( 2315 ) 

HlPPEASTRUM SPATHACEUM, HYBRIDUM. 
LoNG-SPATHED, HYBRID KnIGHT's-STAR-LILY. 

Class and Order. 

Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — Vide No. 2273. 



Specific Character. 

Hippeastrum spathaceum ; spatha erecta persistente pluri- 
flora, scapo foliis bis longiore, pedicellis cernuis corollas 
lacinia ima angustissima, fauce nuda. 



Descr. Leaves 3, lingulate, widening towards the up- 
per extremity, rather obtuse, streaked, recurved, shining 
green, six inches long and nearly an inch wide at the 
broadest part. Scape twice the length of the leaves, 
rounded, mealy white. Spathe two-valved, erect, lanceo- 
late, three inches long, green, persistent. The corolla 
very like that of rutilum, the lower lacinia twice narrower 
than the others, star whitish green, faux not at all bearded 
as in Mr. Herbert's splendens. The stigmas of both the 
flowers that were expanded when the drawing was taken 
were remarkable in having one of the segments much 
longer than the other two. 

We received this very handsome flower from Mr. Joseph 
Knight of the Exotic Nursery in the King's-Road. 

From the similarity it bears to rutilum (Amaryllis rut i la 
Bot. Reg. 23.) we suspected it might be a seminal variety 
of that species, or perhaps a mule production betwixt that 
and equestre, from the resemblance of the spathe to that of 
the latter. But we are informed by Mr. Knight that he 
received the bulb from Mr. Edward Bearpark, gardener 
to George John Legh, Esq. of High JLegh in Cheshire, 
who has paid particular attention to the cultivation of the 

Amaryllis 



Amaryllis tribe. A letter lately received from him by Mr. 
Knight, states " that in 1814, he impregnated Amaryllis 
vittata with the pollen of A. Regince ; the seed produced 
was sown e*arly in 1815, and part of the offspring flowered 
in 1818. The early flowers were most of them stripped 
of their stamens, and impregnated with the pollen of Ama- 
ryllis formosissima, and the seed obtained was sown part 
in 1818, and part in 1819 ; the product of some of the 
former blossomed in 1821, and afforded flowers variously 
striped with red, pink, purple and white, and one different 
from the rest, bearing its flowers erect, and blooming one 
at a time in succession." The letter does not state to 
which of these Mr. Knight's bulb belonged. And we can 
hardly regard it as in any degree the product of Amaryllis 
formosissima. 

These hybrid productions, so much in vogue at present, 
are certainly capable of affording pleasing varieties to the 
florist, but to the botanist they create a great deal of con- 
fusion and uncertainty. It must be allowed, however, that 
valuable physiological discoveries may be made by such 
enquiries ; but to obtain satisfactory results, these expe- 
riments should be made with much greater accuracy than 
they seem hitherto to have been. Not only should the 
species from which the pollen is supplied be carefully re- 
corded, but care should be taken to prevent the possibility 
of the access of other pollen ; and seeds of the mother 
plant, from which all foreign impregnation has been care- 
fully guarded against, should be sown at the same time 
that the mere seminal varieties may be compared with the 
hybrid productions. 




N2316. 






( 2316 ) 
Canna gioantea. Tall Canna. 

Gfas& awd Order. 

MONANDRIA MoNOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Anthera simplex, filamenti margini adnata. Stylus crassus, 
claviformis. Stigma obtusum. Caps. 3-locularis. Sem. 
globosa, numerosa. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Canna gigantea; laciniis corollae internis tribus diffluen- 
tibus, tubo curvo, filamento revoluto infra medium 
antherifero, labello angustiore citius marceseente. 

Canna gigantea ; limbo interiore semicirculari-4-radiato 
reflexo -paten te, lacinia ima dextrorsum obliquata in- 
aequilobo-retusa ; filamento longe ultra antheram pro- 
ducto recurvatoque. Bot. Reg. 206. 

Canna gigantea. Redoute liliac. 331. 



Descr. Stem from three to six feet high, bearing scarlet 
flowers, on short peduncles generally growing by pairs. 
Calycine leaflets imbricate, spliacelated at the point. Ex- 
terior lacinue of the corolla scarlet ; interior ones three, the 
same colour, flowing about without order : claws united into 
a tube an inch long and curved. Filament fully as long and 
broad as any of the lacinia;, at first recurved, afterwards 
revolute, bearing the anther below its middle. Labtilum, 
or lower lip of the nectary, like the other lacinia 1 , but 
somewhat narrower and sooner withering. Style after ex- 
pansion longer and more petal-formed than in most of the 
species. Before expansion the anther, as in the oilier 
aperies, is longer than the filament and has a deep groove 
down the middle Style of the same length with I thick- 



ened extremity extending some way down one edge, the 
true stigma, which at the first opening of the flowers is 
covered with the pollen. Leaves ovate -lanceolate, very 
large, from six inches to a foot and half, or two feet long. 

Our drawing was made by the late Mr. Sydenham Ed- 
wards, in January 1812, from a plant that flowered in the 
stove at Messrs. Whitley, Brame, and Milne. 



( 2317 ) 

Canna speciosa. Napaul Canna; Quematee 
Of the Nawars. 

Class and Order. 

MONANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. — Vide No. 2316. 

Specific Character. 

Canna speciosa; floribus sessilibus geminatis, laciniis co- 
rollas interioribus erectis tantum duabus emarginatis, 
labello maculato revoluto. 



We received the drawing of this plant from the Hon. 
and Rev. William Herbert,, of SpofForth, in December 
1819. It flowered the preceding September in the open 
border, in front of the stove,, but did not produce ripe 
seeds, as Canna indica will do in the same situation. 

It is remarkable from the corolla having only two erect 
interior laciniae instead of three, which is the usual number. 
These are acute with the point cleft into two unequal 
teeth ; are nearly double the length of the exterior lacinia?, 
and narrowed into a long claw. The above particu- 
larity induced Mr. Herbert to give it the name of bifida, 
but he informs us that Mr. Roscoe has called it speciosa, 
some other species having only two erect internal laciniae ; 
as is the case sometimes with lutea (No. 2085), though 
other flowers of this species have an intermediate shorter 
and smaller lacinia, which will account for our description 
and figure of that species not exactly corresponding 

The leaves, Mr. Herbert observes, are broader in pro- 
portion to their length and less acute than those of indica 
and lutea. 




1.2311. 



-•v.TTahn 



J.231 




iuilfJ Z~t« .Wiir, -AJ«« 



yfull"!> 



( 2318 __) 

Plectranthus comosus. Tufted 
Plectranthus. 

C&m cnrf Order. 

DlOYNAMIA GYMNOSPERMIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 2-labiatus, labio inferiore diviso, striattis : fructifer 
basi subtui gibbosus. Cor. labium superius 3-fidum, lacinia 
media biloba : inferius longius, integrum (plerumque con- 
cavum). Stamina declinata, filamentis cdentulis (nunc basi 
eonnatis) : antheris unilocularibus, imberbibus. Brown. 

Specific Character. 

Plectranthus comosus ; floribus verticillatis sessilibus, ca- 
lycis labio inferiore quadripartite-, bracteis cordatis 
acuminatis caducis. 



Descr. Stem square, obtuse-angled. Leaves ovate-ob- 
long, crenate, covered with white adpressed hairs on the 
upper surface and tomentose on the under. Flowers in ter- 
minal, verticillate spikes, before expansion almost concealed 
by large cordate, concave, acuminate hractcs, which fall oft' 
as the flowers open and leave the whorls naked. Calyx 
hairy, two-lipped : lower lip divided into four equal seg- 
ments. Corolla two-lipped : upper-lip short emarginate 
with two furrows: lower contracted above the gibbous 
tube, then expanded, boat-shaped, hairy on the outside. 
Style exserted : stamens inclosed : anthers violet coloured, 
with orange-coloured pollen. 

We believe this to be hitherto an undescribed species of 
Plectranthus ; raised from seeds supposed to be from Na- 
paul, at the Fulham Nursery, by Messrs. Whitley, Bra me 
and Milne. We tind a specimen very much like it, without 
the bract es, in our friend Mr. Lambert's herbarium, from 
the Mysore, collected by Francis Hamilton, M. D. late 
Buchanan. 




T 1*4*3* 



iauire&jz..^;,; 



( 2319 } 
Arbutus Unedo, var. 5. integerrima. 

vmninmininininininininininiHinp 

CZass fl»rf Order. 

Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. 5-partitus. Cor. ovata : ore 5-fido ; basi pellucida. 
Bacca 5-locularis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Arbutus Unedo; caule arboreo, foliis oblongo-lanceola- 

tis, paniculis glabris nutantibus, baccis polyspennis. 

Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 3. p. 56. 
Arbutus Unedo; caule arboreo, foliis glabris obtuse serratis, 

panicula terminali, baccis polyspermia. Lin. Suppl. 

238. WiUd. Sp. PL 2. p. 616. Smith. Fl. Brit. p. 

442. Engl. Bot.f. 2377. 
Arbutus folio serrato. Bauh. Pin. 460. MU1. ic. 48. 
Arbutus Cam. Epit. 168. Ger. Emac. 1496. 
Arbutus Camarus Theophrasti. Bauh. Hist. 1. p. 83. 
(«.) flore simplici, corollis albidis. 
((3.) flore simplici, corollis rubicundis. 
(y.) flore pleno. 
(J.) foliis integerrimis. 



The Arbutus integrifolia of Lamarck, is probably a va- 
riety of Arbutus Andrachne. That our plant, specimens 
of which we received from our friend John Walker, Esq. 
is a mere variety of A. Unedo, we are convinced, having 
received exactly similar specimens from Messrs. Loddidges 
and Sons, whicff they assured us were raised by them from 
seeds of A. Unedo. As a shrub it appears to be less orna- 
mental than the common sort, from which it differs not 
only in the margins of the leaves being quite entire, but 
also in the branches being smooth. 

Is perfectly hardy. Flowers from October to January. 



I.23W. 




( 2320 ) 

Salvia bracteata. Long-bracted 
Sage or Clary. 



ttf. fit- ~fr- ,-tf- &■ sl'i ■* &' ^ - &, Mi .'fr ■ V I', .•&'■ ■&, .'A'. -fr &, & -is 

C/«ss «raf Order. 

DlANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Generic Character, 
Cot. ingqualis. Filamenta transverse pedicel io aflixa. 

Specific Character. 

Salvia bracteata; bracteis concavis aristatis flore longio- 
ribus coloratis ; summis sterilibus, galea falcata emar- 
ginata, foliis ovatis rugosis repando-crenatis. 



Desc. Stem upright, rteid, square with rounded angles^ 
branched, covered with pellucid hairs. Leaves ovate-acu- 
minate, crenate-sinuate : uppermost ones entire. Flowers 
in distant, about six -flowered whorls ,• each whorl supported 
by two ovate-acuminate, concave, streaked bractes, longer 
than the flowers, greenish at the base, rose-coloured to- 
wards the apex which terminates in a filiform awn. Calyx 
5-toothed : teeth awned, not pungent while fresh, bilabiately 
arranged : intermediate tooth of the upper-lip almost ob- 
solete. Corolla ringent : upper-lip falcate, emarginate, con- 
cave, of a bright violet colour, hairy and studded with 
pellucid dote : lower-lip 3-lobed ; middle lobe round, 
emarginate, white but soon turning brown ; lateral lobes 
pale violet. Stamens inclosed. Filaments club-shaped at 
the lower extremity, and thence tapering in a semicircular 
curve to a point, bearing a violet coloured anther, with 
white pollen ; this filament is fixed by a moveable joint 
near the broad extremity to a short upright pedicle. 'Style 
exsertedi lower segment of the stigma shorter by half 
than the upper. 



A hardy perennial ; raised from seeds received from 
Russia in the garden of Mr. Kent at Clapton, where it 
flowered in July 1820, and has survived the twcH last 
winters in the open border. It is a remarkable fine plant 
from the large rose coloured bractes and blue and white 
flowers, yet as far as we have been able to extend our 
researches, appears to us to be undeseribed. It approaches 
however to Salvia Sclarea, in the figure of which in the 
Flora graeca, the bractes are slightly tinged at the margins 
with the same colour. But our plant differs in having the 
bractes, and teeth of the calyx more elongated ; the upper- 
lip of the corolla narrower, longer^ and of a violet instead 
of pink colour ; in the filament being more curved, which 
in Sclarea is only turned up at the point 



N.23ZL. 



MMk 







( 2321 ) 

Aster alwartensis. Fine-rayed 
Star-wort. 

********************* 

Class and Order. 

SVNGENESIA PoLYGAMIA SUPERFLUA. 

Generic Character. 

Recept. nudum. Pappus simplex. Cor. radii plures 10. 
Calycis imbricati squamae inferiores patul«. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Aster alwartensis; foliis ovatis basi angustatis integerrimis 
subquinquenerviis, calyce laxo squarroso, radio multi- 
floro tenuissimo. 

Aster alwartensis. Lodd. Catal. 1807. 



This very shewy dwarf Aster, was raised by Messrs. 
Loddiges and Sons, from seeds sent them by Prof. Stephan 
of Moscow, from Caucasus, under the name which we have 
adopted, before the year 1807; as it occurs in the cata- 
logue of their garden of that year. But it appears to have 
been soon lost, being omitted in their next edition, pub- 
lished in 1809. 

Our drawing was made by Mr. Sydenham Edwards at 
the time of its flowering in May, from a plant commu- 
nicated by our above named friends ; but the publication 
has been deferred in hopes of having an opportunity of 
knowing more concerning it ; but never having met with 
the plant in any of our collections since, and not finding 
any of the species recorded in the Flora taurico-caucasica 
of Marschall v. Bieberstein to correspond with it, we 
have determined no longer to delay its publication. 

It approaches nearest to Aster alpinus (supra No. 199); 
but differs in too many points to be taken for a variety of 
that spprip* 



12322 




rui.byj. Un-klt . Ifal-wm th.Junti 



( 2322 ) 

Erica andromed^eflora, /3. triumphans. 
Blood-spotted White Andromeda- 
flowered Heath. 

***************** 

Class and Order. 

OcTANDRlA MONOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 4-phyllus. Cor. persistens : limbo 4-fido. Anthera 
ante anthesm per foramina duo lateralia connexae. Caps. 
4 — 8-locularis, 4 — 8-valvis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 
Sect. IV. Calycin*. A. Cristatae. 

Erica andromedafiora ; bracteis a calyce remotis, foliis 
patentissimis internodiis multoties longioribus viridi- 
bus. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 2. p. 386. Bot. Mag. 1250. 
Andrews Heaths, vol. 3. 

(|3.) Jloribus albis maculis sanguineis notatis, corolla limbo 
arctiore. 

Erica triumphans. Lee. 



Though a stouter plant, larger in all its parts than An- 
dromedafiora, as the latter usually occurs, yet we cannot 
find any characters sufficient to distinguish it as a species, 
Me are therefore constrained to consider this fine Heath as 
only a variety. 

Descr. A low shrub, with brown bark, tuberculated by 
the ligneous remains of the petioles, or rather buttress-like 
stipules to which the petiole is attached. Leaves ternate, 
patent, several times longer than the interstices, channelled 
on the under side, mucronate, when young ciliated at the 

sides. 



sides. Peduncles axillary, cernuous, white, with two red 
tipped bractes, remote from the calyx. Calycine leaflets 
four, oval, concave, mucronulate, concealing the greater 
part of the corolla; white, stained here and there with 
bright blood -red blotches without fixed form or order, 
which however entirely disappear with age. Tube of the 
corolla globular with four obtuse angles, diaphanous : limb 
four-cleft : laciniee erect, connivent, truncate, white. Anthers 
black, crested, included. Germen octagonal, seated on a 
fleshy receptacle. Style nearly equalling the limb of the 
corolla. 

This beautiful Heath was communicated in March last 
by Mr. Lee from his very magnificent collection at Ham- 
mersmith, where it is known by the name of Erica trium- 
pkans. 



( 2323 ) 
Canna pedunculata. Peduncleo Canna. 

Class and Order. 

MoNANDRIA MoNOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Anthera simplex, filamenti margini adnata. Stylus cras- 
sus, claviformis. Stigma obtusum. Caps. 3-locularis. Sem, 
globosa, numerosa. 

Specific Character. 

Canna pedunculata ; laciniis externis reflexis ; internis 
erectis tribus, foliis lanceolatis utrinque angustatis, 
floribus pedunculatis. 



The Canna pedunculata is a tall, branched species, re- 
markable for its narrow sharp-pointed leaves ; and, more 
especially, for the reflexed outer laciniae of the corolla, 
which parts in most of the species are quite erect. The 
peduncles too, though, in our individual, not very long, 
yet exceed those of the more common kinds. 

We were favoured with the specimen from which our 
drawing was taken by Messrs. Loddiges and Sons ; who 
had their plant, under the name which we have adopted, 
from Mr. Roscoe the celebrated author of a new arrange- 
ment of the SciTAMiNEiE, the further illustration of which, 
is anxiously expected from the same intelligent source. 

It flowered in the stove at Hackney in March. 



M2324-. 





( 2324 ) 
Arum trilobatum, £. auriculatum. 

AURICULATED THREE-LOBED ArUM. 

****************** 

Class and Order. 

MONGECIA POLYANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Spatha monophylla, cucullata. Spadix supra nudus, in- 
terne femineus, medio stamineus. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 
** Acaulia, foliis simplicibus. 

Arum trilobatum; foliis sagittato-trilobis, spadice elongato 

subulato. 
Arum trilobatum ; acaule, foliis sagittato-trilobis fiore 

sessili. Sp. PL 1360. Willd. 4. p. 483. Hort. Kew 

ed. alt. 5. p. 308. 
Arum trilobatum; acaule, foliis cordatis : aliis superne in- 

tegris, aliis trilohatis ; spadice longo subulato. Lam. 

Encycl. 3. p. 10. 
Arum trilobato folio humilius el minus Zeylanicum. Herm 

Parad. p. 78. t. 78. 
Arum humile Zeylanicum latifolium, pistillo coccineo. 

Commel. Hort. 1. p. 97. t. 51 ? 
Arum Ceylanieum humile latifolium pistillo purpureo. 

Mill. Icon. ] p. 35. t.o2.f.2. 
Arisarum amboinicum. Rumph. Amb. 5. p. 320. t. 110. 
Panuala Zeylanensium. 

(a.) foliis planis, llore sessili. Bot. Mag. 339. 
(P.) foliis basi cucullato-auriculat.is, flore peduuculato. 



We received this plant in March last, from Mr. Blake, 
gardener to the late James Vere, Esq. under the name of 
Arum auriculaium, but it is undoubtcdh onlj a variety 



of Arum trilobatum; the leaves of which species, as 
M. Lamarck has observed vary exceedingly in form. 

The Arum trilobatum is a native of Ceylon, and Herman 
observes that the inhabitants eat the roots, when deprived 
of their acrimony by boiling or drying them in the sun. 

Philip Miller received the roots from Ceylon in 1752, 
which flowered at Chelsea the two following years; but 
we are told in the Hortus Kewensis from the authority of 
the philosophical transactions, that this plant was cultivated 
by Mr. Thomas Fairchild before the year 1714. 

It requires to be kept in the stove. 



2325. 




/ttkH i. Z»rlv.Wa~t™rc^tl. 






( 2325 ) 
Valeriana ruthenica. Altaic Valerian. 

Class and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 
Generic Character. 
Cal. 0. Cor. I-petala, basi hinc gibba, supera. Slew. I. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Valeriana ruthenica ; floribus tetrandris, foliis ovatis car- 

nosis pinnatifido-dentatis, seminibus paleae ovaii adna- 

tis. WUld.Sp.Pl. 1. p. 181. 
Valeriana sibirica. Lin. Sp. PL 48. non Willdenovii. 
Valeriana lutea humilis. Amman. Ruth. 18. n. 25. t. 3. 
Fedia sibirica ; foliis subcarnosis, caul in is piimatiiidis, la- 

ciniis integerrimis obtusis subuniformibus caule bifa- 

riam piloso. Va hi. Enum. 2. p. 22. 
Fedia sibirica. Gartn. fruct. 2. p. 37. t. 86. f. 3. 
Fedia ruthenica. Sweet Hort. suburb, p. 8. 
Patrinia sibirica; foliis subcarnosis pinnatifidis ; laciniis 

integerrimis obtusis subreniformibus, caule bifariam 

piloso, floribus corymbosis. Dufresne Valer. p. 54. 

Roem. et Sch. Syst. Veg. v. 3. p. '89. 
Patrinia coronata. Fischer Hort. Gorenki. 43. 



In Jussieu's Genera Plantarum, the genus Valeriana is 
considered as making a section of Dipsavete, but afterwards 
in the Annales du Museum, he confirmed the propriety of 
separating the Valerianece as a distinct family, and in con- 
sequence has divided the Linnean genus Valeriana into 
several, either by adopting in part the genera which had 
been separated before or establishing new ones. Among the 
latter he proposed the genus Patrinia to which both our 
present plants and the one figured above (No. 714,) under 
the name of Valeriana sibirica, belong. It seems general!? 

agreed 



agreed that Willdenow mistook the species which Linnaeus 
designated by the name of Sibirica, which properly belongs 
to our present plant, but having before retained that of 
Willdenow, which is also adopted in the Hortus Kewensis, 
we think it least likely to occasion confusion still to adopt 
his name, leaving the correction to our synonyms. Our 
Valeriana sibirica (No. 714,) is Patrinia rupertris of 
Roemer and Schultes, Fedia rupestris of Vahl. At the 
time of publishing our Valeriana sibirica we observed that 
the Valeriana ruthenica possess the fragrance of Jasmine, 
but it is not altogether without a slight admixture of the 
odour of officinal Valerian. 

Native of the Altaic mountains, which form the southern 
boundaries of Siberia. Flowers in June and July. 

Communicated by Messrs. Loddiges and Sons. 




NZ326. 



( 2326 ) 
Iris brachycuspis. Poisonous-rooted Iris, 

&. ■'fo & &. lit ale ait jfr. lit .'fc , < t'. A A afc ■•I' i < t , i fc 
imininininininininininininimpinic 

CZass arad Order. 

t Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. 6-partita : laciniis altcrnis reflexis. Stigmata peta- 
liformia. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Iris brachycuspis ; imberbis, foliis lineari-lanceolatis lon- 
gissimis, laciniis corollas intcrioribus brevissimis, stig- 
matibus spiraliter revolutis. 

Iris brachycuspis. Fischer Mscr. 



The interior upright latinise of the corolla are in this 
species so remarkably short, as to be frequently altogether 
concealed from view by the external. 

We are informed by our friend Dr. Fischer, who lately 
paid a visit to this country, that it is a native of the north- 
eastern part of Siberia, near Ochtosk, on the Lena river, 
from whence the seeds were brought to the Gorenki gar- 
den, by Professor Adams, and distributed thence by Dr. 
Fischer to several parts of Europe. 

The roots are said to be poisonous. 

Communicated by Messrs. Whitley, Brame, and Milne, 
from the Fulham nursery, in July 1819. 



t j 



*■/ 






y&, 



v'; ./ 



.'/ 




( 2327 ) 

Jacaranda ovalifolia. Oval-leaved 
Jacaranda. 

4* <fc> «T» <T» <f» «T» -T» * <T> W "-T- W <fc *Pl|P Vf» T» <T- 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-dentatus. Cor. fauce campanulata : limbo bila- 
biate Filamentwn quintum sterile, longius, barbatum. 
Caps, ovata, bilocularis, bivalvis: dissepimento contrario, 
valvis planiusculis adnato. Semina alata. 

Arbores. Folia opposita, abrupte-rariusve impari-pinnata , 
pmnis impari-pinnatis. Flores paniculati, violacei. Calyx 
scepius cyathiformis, nunc breve campanulatus vel subcylm- 
dricus dentibus obsoletis. Corollae testivatio imbricata, labio 
superiore breviore bilobo equitante inferius, cujus lobus me- 
dius major, indivisus, lateralibus tectus. Stamina antherifera 
inclusa : Antheree scepivs dimidiated, cum rudimento nana 
lobi alterius : nunc completee loculis aqualibus divaricath 
apice solum connexis. Brown Mscr. 

Jacaranda. Juss. Gen. 138. 

Specific Character. 

Jacaranda ovalifolia; antheris dimidiatis, corollis extus 
sericeis, foliolis pubescentibus ; lateralibus ovalibus 
cum mucrone ; terminali lanceolato. Brown Mscr. 



rc Jacaranda ovalifolia is very nearly related both to 
J. acutifolia and J. obtusifolia of Humboldt and Bonpland 
(Plant, eequinort. tab. 17 and 18,) between which it may be 
placed. J. acutifolia differs from it chiefly in all the leaflets 
being lanceolate, and in having a smaller number of pinnae. 
I. obtusifolia is still more distinct in its leaflets entirely 
wanting the mucro, which is both obvious and constant in 
our plant, and in having a smooth corolla. J. bahamensis 
Nob. (J. caroliniana Persoon; Bignonia carulea. Lin.) of 
which there is in the Banksian Herbarium a single imper- 
fect specimen that may be supposed to be authentic, and 
J. rhombifolia of Meyer (Flor. Essequeb. 213. J which is 

probably 



probably not different from the plant found by the late 
Dr. Anderson of St. Vincent on the banks of the Esseque- 
bo, and cultivated in some of the gardens under his name 
of Bignonia Jilicifolia, are easily distinguished from the 
three species already mentioned, by their rhomboidal leaf- 
lets, and from each other by differences in the surface of 
corolla., which is silky in I. bakamensis and smooth in J. 
rhombifolia. 

I. procera Nob. (Bignonia Copaia. Aublet, B. procera 
Willd.) is sufficiently different from all the others in the 
much greater size of its leaflets which are frequently up- 
wards of an inch in length ; in the rachis of the pinnae 
not being winged ; and in the cylindrical calyx, of which 
the teeth are extremely minute. 

In five of the above mentioned species, I have ascertained 
that the antherae are dimidiate, with a hardly visible rudi- 
ment of a second lobe ; a structure which M. Meyer (1. c.) 
has expressed by ec Antherae simplices," and introduced into 
his character of the genus. But in an undescribed species 
lately found in Brazil (J. tomentosa Nob.) they are perfect, 
consisting of two equal divaricate lobes, as in the greater 
part of the natural order. This species differs indeed from 
the rest of the genus in its leaves having constantly a ter- 
minal pinna. It agrees with them, however, in all the 
other characters of the flower, and entirely in the structure 
of its fruit ; it can therefore be regarded as forming only 
a section of a strictly natural and well defined genus, still 
depending on characters not materially different from those 
proposed for it by M. de Jussieu ; the only doubtful species 
being the Jacaranda 2, of Piso, from which the generic 
name was adopted." Brown. 

For the above elaborate account of the genus Jacaranda 
and its known species, which we doubt not will be highly 
acceptable to the botanical world ; we are indebted to our 
friend Mr. Robert Brown. 

Our drawing was made in April last, from a fine plant 
that flowered, probably for the first time in this country, 
in the grand collection of the Count de Vandes, at Bayes- 
water. Native of tropical South America, and requires to 
be kept in the stove. 



The outline figures shew, 1. the stamens with the remarkable barren 
mament, 2. the germen, style and calyx. 



X2328. 




( 2328 ) 

Gnaphalium congestum. Compact- 
flowering Gnaphalium. 

Class and Order. 

Syngenesia. Polygamia Superfl.ua. 

Generic Character. 



Recept. nudum. Pappus pilosus s. plumosus. Cat. 
bricatus, squamis marginalibus rotundatis, scariosis, c< 
ratis. 



Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Gnaphalium congestum; fruticosum, foliis lanceolatis sessi- 
libus trinerviis supra nudis subtus lanuginoso-tomen- 
tosis, corymbo coarctato-capitato. Willd. Sp. PI. 3. 
p. 1852. 

Gnaphalium congestum; fruticosum? foliis lineari-lanceo- 
latis superne rugoso-scabris subtus tomentosis,corymbo 
glomerato simplici. Lam. Encycl. 2. p. 741. Bot. 
Reg. 243. 

Gnaphalium tricostatum; foliis oblongo -lanceolatis tomen- 
tosis trinervibus : margine revoluto, capitulis panicu- 
latis, caule fruticoso erecto. Thunb. Prodr. 151 ? 

Elichrysum capense Pedis Cati folio et facie. Petiv. Ga- 
zoph. t. 82. /. 3. et 4 ? 



Descr. Stem shrubby, erect, covered with a white woolly 
tomentum. Leaves linear-lanceolate, sessile, three -or-five- 
nerved; on the upper side dark green, rugose; on the 
under white, woolly ; margins reflected. Flowers for the 
most part in a compact panicle; calycine scales white, 
tipped with bright red : florets yellow. 

Though a straggling shrub, yet the brilliant colour of 
the tips of the leaflets of the calyx has a pleasing effect, 
especially before these are fully expanded. Has been many 

years 



years an inhabitant of our greenhouses, but not recorded in 
either edition of the Hortus Kewensis. Native of the Cape 
of Good-Hope, and only requires to be protected from frost 
and guarded against damps, which are particularly injuri- 
ous to most woolly plants. Supposed to be introduced by 
Mr. Francis Masson in 1791 . 



N2329. 




( 2329 ) 

ASPALATHUS CALLOSA. OVAL SPIKED 
ASPALATHUS. 

.Sh jit ■Sit'f .St', afc afc .S^i afc alft ."fr. ."fr. alt tfr. afc •ST'. .^d afc A 

Class awe/ Order. 

DlADELPHIA DecANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. 5-fidus : lacinia superiore majorc. Legumen ovatum, 
mutieum, subdispermum . 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Aspalathus callosa; foliis trims subulatisaequalibus, stipulis 

subrotundis callosis, floribus spicatis glabris. Sp. PI. 

1002. Berg. PI. Capens. 209. 
Aspalathus callosa; foliis ternis trigonis, spicis ovatis. 

. Thunb. Prodr. 125. Willd. Sp. PL 3. p. 966. 
Cytisus trifoliatus, juniperinis foliis, floribus luteisin spicam 

densiorem adactis, Prom, bonae spei. Pluk. Mant. 63. 

t. 345. /. 4. 



This shrub has its specific name from the round, callous 
stipules that grow at the base of the leaves and remain after 
these fall oft!, giving the branches a warty appearance. 
The leaves grow by threes, but are so much crowded to- 
gether that they seem to be without order. The erect 
position of the alae and carina with the curved extremities 
of the former give the flower a very singular appearance. 

Aspalathus callosa is not recorded in the Hortus Kewensis 
and is very rarely met with in our collections. Native of 
the Cape of Good-Hope and requires the protection of the 
greenhouse. Flowers in August. Communicated several 
years ago by Messrs. Loddiges and Sons. 



X2330. 




A* bjJ. h„tu Walwc^Su ha^iim 



WtddiU./i- 



( 2330 ) 

Tradescantia fuscata. Stemless 
Spider-wort. 

Class and Order. 

Hexandria Monogvma. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 3-phyllus. Petala 3. Filamenta villis articulatis. 
Caps. 3-locularis. Sem. papilla embryotega instructa. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Tradescantia fuscata; acaulis, hispida, foliis oblongo- 

ovatis multinerviis, scapis sub-trifloris. 

Tradescantia fuscata. Lodd. Bot. Cab. 374. Bot. Res: 

482. 6 ' 



Tradescantia fuscata is at once distinguished from all 
the known species by the difference in its habit ; the leaves 
being all radical, and the flowers coming up immediately 
from the roots, on leafless scapes generally about three in 
succession on each. 

It has its name from the brownish red hairs with which 
the whole plant, except the corolla, is covered. 

In Jussieu's natural orders Tradescantia is inserted with 
the Juncece from which Mr. Brown has very advantageously 
separated it, by establishing the natural order of Commelinea 
(vide Prodr. Florae Nov. Holl. p. 268.) 

This genus, as well as several others, it has been obser- 
ved by Sir James E. Smith, militates very strongly against 
Jussieu's theory, that no monocotyledonous plants can have 
a corolla ; and though his followers endeavour to get over 
the objection, by calling what is most evidently a corolla 
by the name of interior laciniae of the calyx, yet, to our 
apprehension, no plant has both a calyx and corolla more 
decidedly distinct than all the species of Tradescantia 

And 



And it is only in compliance vvith an hypothesis that they 
can be otherwise denominated. 

Native of Brazil. Requires to be kept in the stove. 
Introduced about three years since. The first account 
we have of it is in the Botanical Cabinet of our friends 
Messrs. Loddidges and Sons. It seems for the most part to 
produce imperfect blossoms ; for in the Cabinet the flower 
is represented as large as that of the common Spider-wort, 
and with nearly entire margins ; but we have never been 
fortunate enough to meet with it in so perfect a state. 



( 2331 ) 

Iris Pallasii, j3. chinensis. PallasVs 
Chinese Iris. 

***************** 

Class and Order. 

Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. 6-partita : laciniis alternis reflexis. Stigmata peta- 
liformia 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Iris Pallasii; imberbis, foliis ensiformibus conduplicatis 
striatis apice incurvis, germinibus longissimis iirato- 
cylindrieis, stigmatibus carinatis apice serrulatis. 

Iris Pallasii, (3. chinensis. Fischer, ex ore ipsius. 

Zy-jui-lan, Mongolensium. 



Descr. Leaves narrow-sword -shaped, folded, striate, 
hooked at the point, erect, shorter than flowering-stem. 
Spathe acute, green, three-flowered. Flowers pale blue. 
Tube funnel-shaped, green. Claw of the deflected petals 
twice the length of the oval streaked lamina, green on the 
outside with purplish margins : Claw of the upright petals 
filiform, lamina lanceolate. Stigmas not exceeding the 
claw of the deflected petal in length, bifid, and minutely 
serrate at the extremity, deep violet coloured at the keel 
with white margins. Germen an inch and half long, nearly 
cylindrical, obtusely six-grooved. 

Communicated by Mr. Anderson from the Chelsea gar- 
den, in May 1820, where it was raised from seeds sent by 
Dr. Fischer from Gorenki; who informed us, on his late 
visit, that there are two varieties of which this is his 
Iris Pallasii, 0. chinensis. Native of Chinese Mongolia. 
A hardy perennial. 



Jfem 




tnrrOv.TiirJUaz 



Tfcuua. 



( 2332 ) 
DlOSMA ERICOIDES. SWEET-SCENTED DlOSMA. 

***************** 
Class and Order. 

PENTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. 5-petaIa. Nectaria 5, supra germen. Caps. 3, s. 5, 
coalitae. Semina calyptrata. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Diosma ericoides ; foliis lineari-lanceolatis subtus convexis 

bifariam imbricatis. Sp. PL 287. Mill. ic. 1. p. 84 

t. 124. / 2. 
Diosma ericoides; foliis trigonis obtusis glabris floribus 

terminalibus subsolitariis. Willd. Sp. PI. 1. p. 1135. 

Thunb. Prodr. 43 ? Hort. Kern. ed. alt. 2. p. 30. 
Diosma foliis setaceis acutis. Hort. Cliff. 72. n. 3. 
SpirjEA africana lariceis foliis floribus albis, Buchu Hotten- 

tottorum. Raj. Dendr. 91. 
Eric^formis Coridis folio asthiopica, floribus pentapetalis 

in apicibus. Pluk. Amalth 236. t. 279. /. 5. 



The Diosma ericoides ; is a low branched shrub, bearing 
a few small white flowers at the extremities of the branches. 
The leaves, when rubbed, give out a very aromatic, pun- 
gent odour, which has no admixture of the foxy smell so 
offensive in several species of the genus. 

From the leaves of this shrub the Hottentots prepare a 
powder which they call Buku ; with this powder mixed 
with grease they anoint themselves for the sake of the 
perfume. It is supposed that the Hottentots use for this 
purpose indiscriminately the leaves of several species of 
Diosma ; but the powder prepared from one particular 
kind is said to be much more highly prized than the rest ; 
in so much that a very small quantity, less than a thimble 

full, 



full, is said to be of the value of a sheep. As the leaves of 
Diosma ericoidcs possess a stronger, more fragrant and 
aromatic quality than perhaps those of any other species, 
it is probably the very one that is thus highly prized. 

As both Bergius and Thunberg describe the leaves of 
their plant as obtuse, which, in the Hortus Cliffortianus, 
are said to be acute, it is probable that these authors de- 
scribed a different species ; on which account we have 
entirely omitted the synonym of the former, and marked 
that ot the latter as doubtful. 

Native of the Cape of Good Hope. Requires to be 
protected from frost. Cultivated by Mr. Philip Miller 
in 1756. Flowers from March to September. Commu- 
nicated by N. Hodson, Esq. from the Botanic garden at 
Bury St. Edmunds. 



*t\' i'\ti*Sri 




WmUUS 



( 2333 ) 
Rivina l^evis. Smooth Rivina. 

***»********$■**** 

Class and Order. , 

Tetrandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 4-phyllus, persistens. Cor. 0, nisi corollain sunias. 
Bacca 1-sperma: Semine lentiformi. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Rivina Icevis; racemis simplicibus., floribus tetrandris, foliis 
ovatis acuminatis glabris planis, caule tereti. Willd 
Sp. PL 1. p. 694. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 1. p. 273. 

Rivina Icevis; racemis simplicibus, floribus tetrandris, foliis 
glabris. Lin. Mant.bl. Kniph. Cent. 2. Lam.illustr. 
t. 81./ 2. 

Rivina humilis; foliis ovatis-lanceolatis glabris. Mill. Diet, 
n. 1. non Linnaei. 

Piercea foliis ovato lanceolatis glabris. Mill. Diet. cd. 7. 

Solanoides Americana, circaeae foliis glabris. Tournef. Act. 
Paris. 1706. 



Rivina laivis is especially distinguished from humilis 
(supra No. 1781.) by the smoothness of the whole plant 
and the brighter green colour of its leaves. It has the 
same valuable property as that species, of bearing' its 
beautiful scarlet fruit, at the same time with the flowers, 
through the greatest part of the year. 

The berries are of the same colour with those of Rivina 
hufnilis and possess probably the same qualities. We 
wish some one who cultivates these plants would repeat 
the experiment of Miller mentioned above in our account 
of the last named species, and compare the effect with 
that of some other deep coloured juices, particularly with 
the berries of Phytolacca decandra. 

Native 



Native of the West-Indies and requires to be kept in an 
airy and light part of the stove. Flowers most part of the 
year. Cultivated by Mr. Philip Miller in 1733. Com- 
municated by the Count de V Andes. 



X.23M. 




S Cu* TTtJm . *&. . Tilj.llStt 



w«ui>a< 



( 2334 ) 

Templetonia retusa. Wedge-leaved 
Templetonia. 

Class and Order. 

DlADELPHIA DeCANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. ebracteatus, 5-dentatus, dentibus parum inaequalibus. 
Carina oblonga. Stam. omnia connexa, antheris uuiformi- 
bus. Legumen pedicellatum, plano-compressum, polyspcr- 
mum. Semina strophiolata. 

Specific Character and Synony7ns. 

Templetonia retusa; bracteis a calyce remotis, vexillo 

reflexo, staminibus monadelphis. 
Templetonia retusa. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 4. p. 269. Bot. 

Reg. 383. 
Rafnia retusa. Vent en* Malmais. 53 ? 



Templetonia retusa and glauca (supra No. 2088,) are so 
nearly related, as to render it dubious whether they ought 
to be regarded as distinct species, or only as varieties. But 
if the characters by which we have attempted to establish 
them as distinct species, should be found to be constant, 
they may safely be considered as such. In glauca the leaves 
are glaucous, in retusa dark green ; in the former the 
bractes are inserted close to the calyx, the vexillum is not 
reflected, the stamens are partly at least diadelphous; in the 
latter the bractes are in the middle of the peduncle, the 
vexillum is entirely reflected, and the stamens are mona- 
delphous. It seems difficult to decide to which species the 
Rafnia retusa of Ventenat should be referred ; for while his 
description accords best with our present plant, his figure 
more nearly resembles that of glauca, both in the colour of 
the leaves and the unreflected vexillum. 

An 



An evergreen shrub, native of the south-west coast of 
New Holland, where it was first detected by Mr. Robert 
Brown. Requires to be protected from frost. Flowers 
in the spring and summer months. Communicated by 
Messrs. Loddidges and Sons. 



1.2335, 




( 2.335 ) 

Astragalus brachycarpus. Short-fruited 
Astragalus. 

Jl ale ■*!■ &> &, &• M. A Afr. lit A A A &. 4r *fr. *fr. 

C7<?ss and Order. 

DlADELPHIA DECANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Legumen plerumque triloculare, gibbum. Semina bise- 
rialia. , 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Astragalus brachycarpus ; acaulis, foliisellipticispubescen- 
tibus, scapis racemosis folio longioribus, leguminibus 
obovatis calycis longitudine. M. Bieb. Flor. taurico- 
caucas. 2. p. 201. et 3. p. 498. Ejusdem. Cent, plant, 
rar. Ross. 2. 58. inedit. 

Astragalus humilis Serpylli foliis. Buxb. Cent. 3. p. 21 . 
#.38. 

Astragalus orientalis Nummularis folio glabro. Tournef. 
Coroll, 28 ? 



It appears, from a specimen of this species which we 
have received from Dr. Fischer, that in its native soil it 
is both of humbler growth and more pubescent than in its 
cultivated state. It approaches near to Astragalus monspe- 
liensis, (supra No. 375,) but has rounder leaflets and is more 
erect; the most important difference is in the legumen, 
which, in the present species scarcely exceeds the calyx in 
length. 

Native of Caucasus near the Constantine-mountain hot- 
baths, and on the sides of Mount Beschtan. Communicated 
by Mr. Anderson from the Chelsea garden, who raised it 
from seeds sent by Dr. Fischer from Gorenki. Flowers in 
May. 




?u,i. by. S. ZurtL . 'W»lwor0KJr>+.q, Z2.B2 Z 



( 2336 ) 

Crinum hybridum Erubescente-Capense. 
Hybrid Erubescent Cape Crinum. 

*>K Vj? VJS" "/Js V|C" Vf? ")jC" */t\* "VfC" '/Js "yf.* \\' Vfc "^ "^ "/fT "£$? 

C/ass «wrf Order. 

Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — Vide supra No. 2292. 

Hybrid Character. 

Crinum hybridum erubescente-capense ; foliis acutis sub 7- 
pedalibus 5 uncias latis, saturate viridibus, margine 
scabro ; scapo 4-pedali basi purpurascente ; germine 
viridi breviter pedunculato ; tubo flaccide curvat. 
viridi 5-unciali ; laciniis 3^-uncialibus albis rubro 
pallide striatis, interioribus unciam, exteris f latis; 
filamentis assurgenter curvatis limbo brevioribus, basi 
sub-gibbosa. 



Descr. Circumference of the neck of the bulb 10 inches. 
Leaves 1.8, the longest near seven feet long, acute, deep 
green, 5 inches wide, with a rough margin. Scape 4 feet 
high, purple near the base. Peduncles % of an inch long, 
green. Germen green. Cells with about 14 ovules. Tube 
green, curved, 5 inches long. Limb white, striped chiefly 
on the outside with red, 3 and \ inches long, the inner an 
inch, the outer f wide. Filaments with the points curved 
upwards like fishhooks, red towards the extremity. Style 
as well as the longest filaments about an inch shorter than 
the limb, a little knobbed at their insertion. Flowers about 
eleven nearly resembling those of C. capense in fragrance 
and expansion. 

The bulb which produced our specimen was raised at 
Spofforth from seed of C. capense ripened in a pond in the 
garden in the autumn of 1818, the stigma having been 
impregnated by the pollen of C. erubescens v. major, and 

it 



it flowered for the first time in April 1823, in the stove of 
the Earl of Carnarvon, to whom it had been given. Some 
of the plants raised from the same pod, together with 
several other mules of which capense is the mother, have 
endured the two last winters, without any protection, in an 
open and unsheltered part of the garden. The size of the 
plate renders it impossible to give an accurate representa- 
tion of this fine plant. Its leaf is only distinguishable by 
the point which is a little less acute from that of C. longi- 
florum, Appendix p. 11 & 23. Bot. Reg. p. 303. C. capense 
has from 27 to 31 ovules in a cell; C. erubescens about 5 ; 
C. erubescente-capense about 14; C. longiflorum from 9 to 
11. The same gibbosity and connecting membrane at the 
insertion of the filaments is found in longiflorum and in 
our mule which derives it from erubescens. It is chiefly 
distinguishable from longiflorum by the flaccid curvature 
of the tube in which it follows C. capense, by shorter 
peduncles and blunter leaves. In expansion, breadth of 
petals, and number of flowers this mule conforms with the 
female parent. W. H. 



Y.2J31. 




( 2337 ) 

Melastoma heteromalla. Wooly-leaved 
Melastoma. 

***************** 

Class and Order. 
Degandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-fidus, campanulatus. Petala 5, calyci inserta. 
Bacca 5-locularis, calyce obvoluta. 

Specific Character. 

Melastoma heteromalla; foliis cordato-ovalibus integerri- 
mis petiolatis subtus flocculoso-lanatis, calycis limbo 
membranaceo caduco, petalis obcordatis, antheris basi 
arcuatis. Don Mscr. 



Descr. Stem shrubby, straight, robust, four-sided, three- 
or-four feet high, densely pubescent; two of the sides 
convex, the others plane, covered at the lower part with a 
brownish bark, and throwing out near the top several 
short thickish silky branches. Leaves opposite, petioled, 
broad-cordate oval, quite entire, 5-nerved and reticulately 
veined, from four to seven inches long, and from three to 
five broad, covered underneath with a dense, white, floc- 
culent wool ; upper surface green, with numerous adpressed 
bristly hairs, giving a silky hue to the young leaves. 
Panicle terminal, many-flowered, decussately branched: 
branches short, thick, stiff, silky. Peduncles short, bifid or 
triad. Flowers violet-coloured on very short pedicles, which 
are furnished at the base with two small, coloured, membra- 
nous, caducous scales. Calyx oblong, tubular, five-sided, 
silky-pubescent : limb five- rarely six-parted, membranous, 
reddish, generally falling off with the petals : segments 
oblong, obtuse. Petals five, or rarely six, obcordate. Sta- 
mens 



mens ten, rarely twelve, inserted, on the margin surrounding 
the mouth of the calyx : filaments slender, cylindrical, white : 
anthers long, subulate, yellowish, arcuate, almost convo- 
lute at the base, opening at the top with a single pore. 
Style cylindrical, equal, curved towards the top : stigma 
small, simple, minutely bearded, pale yellow. Capsule 
oblong-ovate, berried, five-celled, five-valved, rarely 6- 
celled, 6-valved, opening in the centre of each cell with 
an oblong fissure. Seeds numerous, reniform, globose, 
dotted. Don Mscr. 

This very beautiful species of Melastoma is a native 
of Brazil. Flowered first in this country as we are 
informed at Sion House. Our drawing was taken in March 
last at the fine collection of the Comtesse de Vandes, 
Bayswater. 



NZ338 







f 2,338 ) 

HlBBERTIA DENTATA. BltOWN-LEAVED 
HlBBERTIA. 

MS <VMS MS MS WW ^ <F »p v™* "MS ^P > W W "W 

Class and Order. 

POLYANDRIA PoLYGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. 5-phyllus, in fructu connivens. Petala 5, decidua. 
Capsular plurimae (1 — 15) glomeratae. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Hibbertia dentata ; foliis ovato - oblongis ; aristulato - 
dentatis, floribus trigynis pedunculatis, caule volubili. 

Hibbertia dentata ; foliis oblongis acuminatis glabris 
aristulato-serratis, floribus pedunculatis trigynis, caule 
volubili. Be Cand. Syst. Nat. Veg. 1. p. 426. Bot. 
Reg. 282. 

Hibbertia dentata. R. Brown ined. Lodd. Cab. 347. 



The genus Hibbertia belongs to the natural order of 
Dilleniacece of De Candolle, an order first proposed by 
Salisbury in the Paradisus Londinensis. Most of the 
genera of this order had been joined by Jussieu either to 
his order of Magnolia, or that of Rosacea. 

Hibbertia dentata is a climbing shrub and if planted in the 
border of a conservatory., to which it is well suited, will, if 
properly supported, in a few years attain the height of six 
or eight feet. It produces abundance of bright yellow 
flowers, which contrast beautifully with the dark brown 
foliage amongst which they are seated. In cultivation it 
is principally on the younger leaves that the denticulation 
is observable, the full grown ones being either quite entire 
or concealing it by the reflection of their margins. 

Only two species of this genus are inserted in the Hortus 
Kewensis, the volubilis, figured at No. 449, of this work 

under 



under the mistaken name of Dillenia speciosa, which is a 
lofty tree, native of the East Indies. In De Candolle's 
excellent natural system of the vegetable kingdom nine- 
teen species are recorded ; all of them natives of New 
Holland, and most of them first discovered by that eminent 
Botanist and traveller Robert Brown, Esq. the worthy 
possessor of the Banksian library, herbarium and museum, 
to whose learning, talents for observation and experimental 
knowledge of the vegetable creation, the eyes of botanical 
Europe are directed. 

Communicated by Messrs. Loddiges and Sons. Flowers 
in the spring and most part of the summer. Propagated 
easily by cuttings and sometimes produces ripe seeds. 
Loves a soil composed of peat and loam. 



12339 




i-^.T.Iw»rA.. 



( 2339 ) 

BURCHELLIA BUBALINA. CAPE BuRCHELLIA. 

Class and Order. 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cajo^M/Mminvolucratum. Cor. clavato-infundibuliformis: 
limbo 5-fido abbreviate* fauceque imberbi ; aestivatione 
mutuo imbricata contorta. Stamina supra medium tubi 
inserta ; antheris subsessilibus, inclusis. Stigma cla- 
vatum. Bacca calyce alte 5-fido coronata, bilocularis 
polysperma. Brown in Bot. Reg. 

Specific Name and Synonyms. 

Burchellia bubalina. 

Burchellia capensis. Brown in Bot Reg. 466. 
Lonicera bubalina ; capitulis terminalibus pedunculatis, 
foliis oblongis integerrimis glabris. Lin. Suppl. p. 146. 
Ceph^elis bubalina. Persoon Syn. p. 202. n. 12. 
Bupfel-Horn. Colonis batavis. 



In the Supplementum Plantarum of the younger Linn^us 
this plant was referred to the genus Lonicera ; but as it 
belongs to the natural order of Rubiacece it will by no 
means associate with that genus. Persoon joined it with 
Swartz's Ceph jslis the Tapocomea of Aublet and Jussieu ; 
but Mr. Brown, not finding it to accord with any esta- 
blished genus, has considered it as distinct from any, 
and given it the name of Burchellia in honour of Mr 
Burchell, a very enterprising traveller in Southern Africa, 
who has favoured the public with an interesting account 
of his travels in that country. And, certainly, persons 
who, in spite of deprivations and difficulties, spend a large 
portion of their valuable time in such hazardous under- 
takings, for the promotion of science, merit this only re- 
ward 



ward of the botanist; but we can by no means approve 
of altering the specific name, which, when once established, 
should remain inviolate, except for very particular reasons; 
we have therefore thought it right to restore the name of 
bubalina. 

Burchellia bubalina is a native of the Cape of Good 
Hope, where it is called BufFelhorn or Buffaloe-Horn, a 
name given it by the colonists from the extreme hardness 
of its wood. 

Flowers in the spring or summer. Requires to be pro- 
tected from frost and we believe has seldom blossomed in 
this country without the assistance of the heat of the stove. 
Communicated by Messrs. Loddiges and Sons. 



Jfe340. 




( 2340 ) 

FlJMARIA CAVA V(ir. ALBIFLORA. WHITE 

Hollow-rooted Fumitory. 

***************** 

Class and Order. 

DlADELPHIA HEXANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. diphyllus. Cor. ringens. Filamenta 2, membra* 
nacea, singula Antheris 3. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Fumaria cava ; caule simplici, racemo terminally bracteis 
integerrimis, foliis biternatis apicibus tridentatis., ra- 
dice tuberosa cava. 

Fumaria bulbosa; caule simplici, racemo terminali, brac- 
teis oblongis pedunculo lougioribus,, foliis biternatis 
oblongis acutiusculisj radice tuberosa cava. Willd. 
Sp. PL 3. p. 860. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 4. p. 239. 

Fumaria cava; caule simplici, bracteis longitudine florum 
integris, radice cava. Curtis in Bot. Mag. n. 232. 

Fumaria cava; caule simplici, foliolis obtusiuseulis, cal- 
cari recurvo, bracteis lanccolatis acutis, radice cava. 
R(tz. prodr. Fl. Scand. ed. 2. n. 860. I/oJ/m. Germ. 
21S. Ehrh. bcitr. 6. p. 145. 

Corydalis bulbosa. Pcrsoon Syn. 2. p. 269, n. \2. 

Corydalis tuberosa; caule simplici exsqnamato, foliis 2 
bitematim sectis, segmcntis cuucntis inciso-multifidis, 
bracteis ovatis intogris, radice cava. De Cand. Syst. 
Veg.Nat.2. p. 117. 

Corydalis cava; radice tuberosa cava, caule simplicissimo 
diphyllo, foliis biternatis : iiitcrmcdio producto, 
bracteis oblongis acutis. Wahlenb. Fl. carp. p. 211. 

Fi maria major ; radice bulbosa, caule simplici, bracteis 
integerrimis ovato-laneeolatis lloribus brevioribus. 
Roth. Germ. 1.30. 11. 151. 

Fimaria bulbosa major. Ffor. Dan. t. 605. Kniph. Cwt.l. 

Fimaria bulbosa radice cava major. Bauh. Pin. 143. 

Fumaria 



f . 

Fumaria radice cava major flore purpureo ct albo. Moris. 

Hist. §3. p. 261. t. 12./ 6. 
Fumaria altera. Cam. Epit. 891. / 1. 
Pistolochia Fuchs. Hist. 91. 
Radix cava. Doc?, pempt. 327. Lob. ieon. 759. Park. 

Parad. 275. 
Aristolochia flore albo. Hort. Eystt. ord. vern. 1. t. 2./ 4. 
Pseudo-Fumaria. Riv. tetrap, zrreg. ic. 73. 



Mr. Curtis in ^m early part of this work separated the 
two varieties of Linnaeus's Fumaria bulbosa into distinct 
species, and applied to them the very appropriate names of 
cava and solida, which Linnaeus himself had affixed to his 
varieties. But Willdenow inconsiderately retained the 
name of bulbosa for the cava, and applied that of Halleri 
to solida. And as this author has been generally followed 
in the Hortus Kewensis, our present plant occurs therein 
under the name of bulbosa; though that of solida is adopted 
for the other species. De Candolle, apparently to avoid 
the anomaly of a hollow bulb, calls it tuberosa, thus unne- 
cessarily adding one more to the number of appellations. 

We believe that the character of entire as opposed to 
palmate bractes will always distinguish this species from 
solida. 

De Candolle, in the second volume of his Systema, has 
erected the genus Fumaria, as established by Linnaeus, to 
the dignity of a natural order, under the name of Fuma- 
riacete. This order is divided into six distinct genera, dis- 
tinguished chiefly by the number of petals and seeds ; and 
Fumaria is limited to the monopetalous and one-seeded 
species. To this we have nothing to object ; but for the 
present we prefer adhering to the old name to the adopting 
that of Corydalis to which genus our plant belongs accord- 
ing to this new arrangement. Fumaria cava has not been 
found indigenous in Britain, though it occurs in shady and 
moist situations in almost the whole of Europe from the 
north of Italy to Sweden, and even in Siberia and Kam- 
tchatka. It was much more common in our gardens formerly 
than at present. Flowers from February to the latter end of 
April. Communicated by Messrs. Whitley, Brame, and 
Milne. Propagated by cuttings of the root, of which 
Parkinson says that ce being broken every part will grow." 
In his time the white variety seems to have been most 
common, but is now of very rare occurrence. 




X23H 



J 









( 2341 ) 

poterium caudatum. smooth shrubby 
Burnet. 

Class and Order. 

MoNCECIA POLYANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Masc. Cat 4-phyllus. Cor. 4-partita, Stam. 30—50. 
Pem. Cal. 4-phyllus. Cor. 4-partita. Pist. 2. Bacca e 
tubo corollae indurate 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Poterium caudatum [Dioicum] inerme, frutescens, ramis 
teretibus villosis, spicis elongatis laxis. Hort. Kew. 
ed. I. 3. p. 354. ed. alt. 5. p. 286. Willd. Sp. PI. 4. 
p. 423. Poiret Encycl. Bot. Suppl. 4. p. 415. Martyr* 
Mill. Diet. n. 4. 



Native of the Canary Islands, from whence it was i.ntro-^ 
duced into this country in the year 1779 by Mr. Francis 
Masson, but seems to be very little known upon the con- 
tinent, as we judge by its not occurring in any of the 
systematic writers, except as copied from the first edition 
of Aiton's Hortus Kewensis. 

In some respects it differs from the other species of the 
genus, but has a nearer affinity with spinosum than the rest. 

It seems to be constantly dioecious, the male and female 
flowers growing upon distinct shrubs. We have twice in 
different years received specimens from our friend Mr. 
Walker of Arno's-grove both of them female, and from 
Messrs. Whitley, Brame and Milne, a specimen from a 
male plant. In the female each flower is supported by a 
proportionally large, concave, ovate-acuminate bracte, and 
and two interior smaller ones, {Calyx of Linnaeus) villous, 
scariose, deciduous, and applied close to the globular, 
germen. Calyx ( Corolla of Linnaeus) four-cleft, green edged 

with 



with white, smooth, persistent and reflected on the germen. 
Styles 2, filiform, with pencilled, purple stigmas. But in 
the plant from which our drawing was made the flowers 
had generally three styles and six calycine leaflets, which 
was not the case in the other specimen and is not its natu- 
ral state. 

In the male, the bractes and calycine leaflets are the 
same as in the female, but there being no germen interposed 
the inner bractes are applied close to the calyx. Anthers 
numerous, large hemispherical, supported on slender fila- 
ments. 

If the inner bractes are to be called calyx, then this part 
is below the germen, and the corolla above, which is a 
very unusual anomaly. 

We believe no figure has ever before been published of 
this plant. Requires the protection of the Greenhouse. 
Flowers in March and April. 



R2m. 






■ 




( 2342 ) 

Argemone albiflora. White-flowered 
Argemone. 

?Vt &- .Yi A\ . s tv ■ > K .~-j'r A'. ,'fc A'. A'. A\ A'. A / . A** A\ As. .Sk. 
<t» Vr» "K >I* <K -iv vjy vf> <r» W -V W <$» My <*♦ <t» <X» <*> 

Oass anrf Order. 

PoLYANDRIA MoNOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 
Cor. 6-petala. Cat. 3-phyllus. Caps, semivalvis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Argemone albiflora; capsulis quinque-valvibus, peduncu- 
latis, foliis subspinosis. Hornem. Hort. Hafn.p. 489. 

Argemone alba. Lestib. Bot. Belg. 4. p. 131. 

Argemone mexicana, 0. albiflora. De Cand. Syst. veg. 2. 
p. 86. 

Argemone mexicana., «. floribus albis. Hist. Nat. medic, 
et. econom. des Pavots et des Argemones. (3. ham. 
Encycl. 1. p. 247. De Freylin Catal. du. Jard. de 
Buttigliera. 1810. Syn. Plant. Mus. Florent. 1806. 
Cat. Plant. Hort. Patavini. 1812. 



Argemone albiflora, has generally been considered to be 
only a variety of mexicana, but seems to be a distinct 
species, and is recorded as such by Professor Horneman in 
his Catalogue of the Copenhagen garden. Nuttall men- 
tions by report only " not merely a variety, but distinct 
species with white flowers" as occurring in Georgia. In 
our plant, for which, as well as for the principal part of the 
above synonymy, we are indebted to Philip Barker Webb, 
Esq. of Milford House, near Godalmin, Surrey, who raised 
it from seeds sent him from Italy by Mr. Albert Parolini 
°f Bassano. 

The leaves are narrower than in mexicana, much less 
sharply spined, with the veins only faintly marked with 

white ; 



white; but the principal difference is that the flowers of 
the latter are, for the most part, nearly sessile, being em- 
bosomed in an involucrum of leaves, whereas those of A. 
albiflora are on nearly naked peduncles. 

Although native of a tropical climate, like Argemone 
mexicana, it may be considered as a hardy annual as it 
readily ripens its seeds in the open air. 



&J£3. 




( 2343 ) 

Brachystelma tuberosa. Tuberous-rooted 
Brachystelma. 

A\ &. &. ■•fr. ■•fr. &. ■ v fr. .4'. ■*♦'■ .4*. A'. &. firi &• <~V< fo ■'V- &• iSfc 

Cfess a«rf Order. 

Pentandria Digynia. 

Generic Character. 

Asclepiadea. Corolla campanulata, sinubus angulatis. 
Columna inclusa. Corona monophylla, 5-fida: lobis an- 
theris oppositis, dorso simphcibus. Anthers absque mem- 
brana apiculari. Massae, pollinis erect®, basi insertae. 
Brown, Mscr. 

Specific Name and Synonym. 

Brachystelma tuberosa. Brown Mscr. 
Stapelia tuberosa. Meerb. ic. t. 54. /. 1. monente D. 
Aiton. 



Descr. Root a round tuber. Stem short, shrubby, branch- 
ed : branches rounded, villous. Leaves opposite, membra- 
neous, linear-lanceolate, concave, margins and keel ciliate. 
Flowers in half whorls, about the size of Stapelia reclinata 
n. 1397, three or four in each whorl, on short, cernuous 
peduncles. Calyx 5-cleft, acute, shorter than the tube of 
the corolla, and with the peduncle clothed with short 
glandular hairs. Corolla on the outside green, dotted with 
red ; ou-the inside black-purple, streaked with yellow in 
the centre : tube bell shaped : limb 5-cleft, margins of the 
lacinue revolute, ciliate at the base. Corona 5-cleft : seg- 
ments triangular, conniving at the points. Like those of 
the Stapelia, the flowers have a very offensive odour, 
in this instance most resembling human faeces. 

Mr. Brown in his valuable treatise on the natural orders 
of Asclepiadece and Apocineee y published in the first volume 
of the transactions of the Wernerian Society, has divided 
the genus Stapelia, but our present plant, will not unite 
with any of the genera there established ; we are therefore 

highly 



highly indebted to the friendship of this learned Botanist,, 
for enabling us to establish the genus of this very rare 
plant. 

Meerburg's figure, above quoted, which was pointed out 
to Mr. Brown by Mr. Aiton, represents the flower much 
larger than in our specimen, with the segments elongated 
to a very narrow point. 

A native of the Cape of Good Hope, requiring to be 
protected from frost, and more particularly from damps. 
Communicated in blossom in June last, by Mr. Joseph 
Knight of the Exotic Nursery in the King's Road. 



J&w. 






( 2344 ) 

papaver nudicatjle, &. rubro-aurantiacum. 
Orange-coloured, Naked-stalked Poppy. 

4* 4> «fc 4s Vf> Vf» ™4? "T> -t> <f» 4* ■!» Vf> ™ Vr» W* W* 

Class and Order. 

PoLYANDRIA MoNOOYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. 4-petala. Cal. diphyllus. Caps. 1-locularis, sub 
stigmate persistente poris dehiscens. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Papaver nudicaule; capsulis erectis hispidis, scapo unifloro 
hispido, foliis simplicihus pinnato-sinuatis, calycibus 
hirsutis. Vide supra No. 1633. 

(<J\) rubro-aurantiacum. Fisch. De Cand. Syst. Veg. nat. 
2. p. 70. 



De Candolle enumerates four varieties of Papaver nudi- 
caule, of which this is the last, and he observes that it may 
probably be a distinct species. Perhaps farther observation 
may prove some of the others to be specifically different. 
Our Plant, while it differs very materially from the figure 
in Flora Danica referred to by this author as a good repre- 
sentation of his variety y. radicatum, which has very hairy 
Leaves, and if the drawing is correct a quite different stigma, 
has not however the characters mentioned from Dr. FlSCUB 
ofadpressed hairs on the scape, and the lobules of the leaves 
terminated with a bristle From the yellow-flowered \ariety 
figured at No. 1633, it differs in size, ami in the colour both 
of the flowers ami hairs of the scape, and in the form of the 
leaves, which are also destitute of all hairiness. Perhaps 
the number of the rays of the stigma, may afford a good 
specific distinction; which in our plant are eight, in the 
one figured in the Flora Danica, if the artist be correct, 
only four; but we are not certain of the constancy of this 
character. 

The 



The variety mentioned at No. 1633, to have been received 
from Mr. Loddiges was probably the same as our plant, 
but upon referring to the specimen, we find that the leaves 
in that are thinly scattered over with hairs, and the lobes 
terminated with a bristle ; so that the total want of hairiness 
in the leaves appears to have been the effect of cultivation. 

Native of Dahuria. A hardy biennial. Flowers in June 
and July. Communicated by Mr. Anderson from the 
Chelsea garden, where it was raised from seeds sent by 
Dr. Fischer. 



X2345. 




( 2345 ) 
Orobus hirsutus. Hairy Bitter-Vetch. 

&. &i tit alt ■'fr. ifc afc >it A'- jfc ■'■fc A Afc .'I', afc afc A 
VK *f> vf» >f> #• >f> w> V 'T" Vf? vj? "/j> vp vfl? vf: vfr "Vf." 

C/flss «wrf Order. 

DlADELPHIA DECANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Stylus linearis. Cal. basi obtusus : laciniis superioribus 
profundioribus, brevioribus. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Orobus hirsutus ; foliis conjugates petiolatis, stipulis inte- 
gris. Sp. PL 1027. ed. Willd. 3. p. 1072. M. B. Fl. 
Taur. Caucas. 2. p. 152. et. 3. p. 461. 

Orobus laxiflorus ; villosus, foliis conjugatis ovatis acutis, 
stipulis maximis sagittatis, floribus laxe racemosis, la- 
ciniis calycinis subulato-setaceis. Desfont. in Annates 
du Mus. 12. p. 57. t. 8. 

Orobus creticus latifolius incanus. Tournef. Cor. 26. 

Orobus latifolius repens, flore caeruleo, foliis et siliquis 
hirsutis. Boerh. Ind. alt. 2. p. 46. n. 7. 

Orobus sylvaticus, foliis circa caulem auriculatis. Buxb 
Cent. 3. p. 22. t. 41. 



The Orobus hirsutus is a very rare plant, and is not 
recorded either in the Hortus Kewensis or any of the cata- 
logues of plants growing in our gardens. 

It was one of the plants discovered by Tournefort in 
the Isle of Candia, and from his specimens the figure of 
Des Fontaines above quoted was taken. It is nearest of 
kin to Orobus lathyroides (No. 2098) from which it differs 
chiefly in having quite entire as well as pubescent stipules 
and leaves ; and in the trichotomous division of the upper 
part of the stem. 

The faultiness of the description added by Willdenow, 
from a dried specimen, occasioned Desfontaines to doubt 

this 



this plant being the same as Orobus hirsutus of Linnjeus ; 
the raceme which Willdenow describes as many flowered, 
seldom or never consisting of more than five flowers, and 
the corolla exceeding the calyx by one-half, instead of 
their being equal. 

A hardy perennial. Native of Candia, Thrace, Iberia, 
Tauria, and oriental Caucasus. Flowers in May and June. 
Communicated by Mr. Anderson, from the Chelsea garden. 



y 




$2346. 



■MM !*■ 



( 2346 ) 

Lysimachia Ephemerum. Willow-leaved 
Loose-Strife. 

***************** 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 
Generic Character. 
Cor. rotata. Caps, globosa, mucronata, 10-valvis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Lysimachia Ephemerum; racemis terminalibus, petalis obo- 

vatis patulis, foliis lineari-lanceolatis sessilibus. Hort. 

Kew. ed.l.v.l. p. 198.— erf. alt. 1. p. 314. Willd. Sp. 

PL 1. p. 816. Roem. et Sch. Syst. Veg. 4. p. 121. Mart. 

Mill. Diet. n. 2. 
Lysimachia Ephemerum; racemis simplicibus terminalibus, 

petalis obtusis, staminibus corolla brevioribus. Sp. 

Pl.209. Murray Comm. Goett. 1782. p. 9. t.2. optima. 
Lysimachia salicifolia. Mill. Diet. n. 6. 
Lysimachia Otani. D'Asso Arragon. 22. n. 168. t. 2. f. 1. 
Lysimachia Ephemerum. D. C. fi. franc, sep. p. 381. 
Ephemerum Matthioli Dod. Pempt. 203. jig. bona Lob. ic. 

354. Bank. pin. 244. Bauh. Hist. 2. p. 905. 
Ephemerum spurium Lobelii. Obs. 191. Rob. ic. 
Synonymon Till. Pis. 106. t. 40. / 2. ut pote vix ad hanc 

speciem per tin ens, ex consulto omittitur; 



Lysimachia Ephemerum, atropurpurea, and dubia before 
the publication of Murray's figures in the Goettingen Com- 
mentaries were generally confounded together. Our present 
species, is a handsome growing plant with long terminal 
spikes of white flowers tinged with purple, and very worthy 
of a place in the flower-garden. The dotting on the under- 
side of the leaves, mentioned in the descriptions of this 

plant, 



plant, is so minute as not to be visible with the naked eye 
on the upper leaves, but is very evident on the older 
ones. 

A hardy perennial. Native of Spain, the south of Prance, 
and, according to Thunberg, of Japan. Flowers from July 
to September. 

We received fine specimens of this plant from the Bo- 
tanical garden at Bury St. Edmunds, in the present year, 
but our drawing was taken by the late Mr. Sydenham 
Edwardb at the Brompton garden, several years ago. 




Jhn. 






( 2347 ) 
Phyteuma spicatum. Spiked Rampion. 

■£.' *«^" vf.' "if- /$. MS ▼ 1* V V VIS Vr- vp." Tfr "tir tfr */$. vfr 

C7#ss «/irf Order. 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. rotata, 5-partita : laciniis linearibus. Stigma 2- 
s. 3-fidum. Caps. 2- s. 3-locularis, infera. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Phyteuma spicatum; spica oblonga elongata, stylis pilosius- 

culis, (bi-) trifidis, foliis radicalibus cordatis duplicato- 

dentatis. Willd. Sp. PL 1 . p. 923. Roem. et Sch. Syst. 

Veg. 5. p. 82. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 1. p. 355. 
Phyteuma spicatum. De Cand. Flor. Fran$. n. 2867. 
Rapunculus spicatus. Mill. Diet. Scopol. Carniol ed 2 

n. 238. Bauh. Pin. 92. Bauh. Prodr. t. 32. 
Rapunculus foliis radicalibus cordatis,, tubis bicornibus 

revolutis. Hall. Hist. n. 684. 
Rapuntium majus. Ger. emac. 453. f. 1. 
Rapunculum alopecuron. Dod. pempt. 165. 
Rapuntium majus alopecuri comoso flore. Lob. ic. 329. f. 1 
Rapunculus corniculatus spicatus, s. alopecuroides. Moris 

Hist. 2. p. 463. s. 5. *. 5. / 46. 
Rapunculus corniculatus spica longiore. Riv. Monop. irreg 

108. 
(«.) floribus ochroleucis. 
(|3.) floribus caeruleis. 



Some authors have described the flowers of Phyteuma 
spicatum as being of a blue colour, others of a yellowish 
white. It is not improbable that both colours may exist 
in the same species, but we are inclined to think that 
two different species have been confounded together ; and 
perhaps the trifid or bifid division of the stigma may 

distinguish 



distinguish them. The late Dr. Roemer, in the Systema 
Vegetabilium, says the flowers are usually yellowish white, 
very rarely blue, and questions whether the latter may not 
be a distinct species, being of much humbler growth. 
This author enumerates several varieties, differing chiefly 
in the form of the leaves and colour of the flowers. 

A hardy perennial. Native of the middle parts of Europe. 
Flowers in June and July. Communicated by Mr. Jenkins 
from his Botanical garden in the New -Road. 

The outline figures represent, a radical leaf; a. a flower 
magnified; b. a stamen magnified. 



71.2348. 




( 2348 ) 
Erica mutabilis. Mutable Heath. 

***************** 

Class and Order. 

OCTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 4-phyllus. Cor. persistens : limbo 4-fido. Anther <z 
ante anthesin per foramina duo lateralia connexs. Caps. 
4 — 8-locularis, 4 — 8-valvis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 
§. II. Longiflorae. A. Anther® aristatas. 

Erica mutabilis; foliis ternis quaternisve, floribus termi- 
nalibus numerosis. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 2. p. 369. 

Erica mutabilis. Andrews's Heaths, Vol. 3. Lodd. Cab 
46. 



A low crooked shrub with few branches. Leaves ternate, 
sometimes quaternate, patent: margins reflected, ciliated 
with long, black, straggling hairs. Flowers grow many 
together on the extremities of the branches, on long, coloured 
peduncles, at first cernuous, afterwards erect. Bractes 2, 
distant from the calyx. Calyx small, 4-cleft: segments 
erect, minutely ciliate and terminated with an awn. Tube 
of corolla f of an inch long, slightly curved, angular, 
somewhat enlarged upwards, but contracted at the mouth : 
laciniae of the limb obtuse, recurved at the point, with the 
margins reflected at the base. Anthers awned, oblong, 
black-purple, protruded very little beyond the tube. Ger- 
men top-shaped, grooved, hairy at the top. Style longer 
than stamens : stigma capitate. 

Erica mutabilis is a beautiful Heath, producing a great 
number of flowers, at first pale, afterwards of a bright crim- 
son colour. Mr. Loddiges remarks that it is apt to exhaust 

itself 



itself by overflowering, and recommends some of the buds to 
be pulled off before they expand to lengthen its life. He 
observes too that it is not easily propagated except by seeds. 
Flowers in September and October. Requires protection 
from frost and the same treatment as other Cape Heaths. 
Communicated by Messrs. Loddiges and Sons. 




^2349. 



( 2349 ) 
Anchusa Barrelieri. Barrelier's 

BUGLOSS. 

■ v i / ..'i / ..'K *&< & i^i fr, ilt Ja & i^ i afc a te ate t^- ^ i-fr 

"Vf* VJ»" Vf," Vf»" Vf»" '^» VS» vj, »j»* "■fls vj*. vt« "K 1» 4* -t« ff 

C/«ss awrf Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. infundibuliformis, fauce clausa fornicibus. Sem. 
basi insculpta. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Anchusa Barrelieri; foliis radicalibus elliptico-lanceolatis ; 
caulinis semiamplexicaulibus, racemis conjugatis, caly- 
cibus quinquepartitis tubo corollae aequalibus. 

Anchusa Barrelieri ; foliis oblongis subintegris utrinque at- 
tenuatis cauleque simplici hispidis, pedunculis trifidis, 
calycibus quinquepartitis. Roem. et Sch. Syst. Veg. 4. 
p. 97. ex. De Cand. Fl. Franc, n. 2731. 

Anchusa Barrelieri; foliis ovato-lanceolatis, caule erecto, 
axil lis foliorum florigeris, racemis paniculatis unila- 
teralibus, calycibus quinquepartitis, corollae tubo bre- 
vissimo. Tenor e Fl. Neapol. p. 46. 

Anchusa Barrelieri; caulibus erectis subsimplicibus, foliis 
oblongo-lanceolatis denticulatis hispidis, racemis con- 
jugatis paniculatis bracteatis, calycibus obtusissimis 
tubo corollas aequalis longioribus. Lehm. Asperif. p. 
227. n. 170. 

Anchusa Barrelieri; foliis oblongo-lanceolatis acutis, caule 
paniculato racemis conjugatis nudis, calycibus quin- 
que-partitis : laciniis linearibus obtusissimis, bracteis 
linearibus. Baumg. Fl.Transylv. I. p. 122. ex Lehman. 

Buglossum Barrelieri; foliis ovato-lanceolatis, caule erecto, 
axillis foliorum florigeris, racemis florum unilaterali- 
bus. Allioni Ped. n. 164. 

Myosotis obtusa ; caule subsimplici foliisque lanceolatis 
acutis subrepandis hispidis, spicis conjugatis subco- 

rymbosis, 



rymbosis, calycibus obtusissimis. Waldst. et Kit. pi. 
rar. Hung. I. p. 103. t. 100. Willd. Enum. I. p. 176. 
Roem. et Sck. Sp. PI. 4. p. 107. 
Buglossum sylvestre minus, flore azureo, radice perenni., 
italic urn. Barr. ic. 333. 



It seems now pretty generally agreed that the Myosotis 
obtusa of Waldstein and Kitaibel and Anchusa Barrelieri 
are the same. In our plant the leaves were more entire 
at the margin than as represented in either of the figures 
above quoted,, but we see no reason to doubt that jail be- 
long to the same species. We do not however pretend 
at present to ascertain whether this plant ought to be 
arranged under Anchusa or Myosotis,, being entirely led 
in regard to it by the authority of Lehman. 

A hardy perennial. Native of Italy and the South of 
Prance. Flowers in May. Communicated by Mr. Anderson 
from the Chelsea garden. 




■ fl 



w 



FZ350. 



r^ 







v 



m 






\i 




ftnyttJhra-rlt 






( 2350 ) 

Arthropodium cirratum. Broad-leaved 
Arthropodium. 



Class and Order. 

Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. 6-petala, patens, petalis deciduis : interioribus 
margine undulatis v. fimbriatis. Filam. barbata. Antherce 
basi emarginatae insertae. Germ, loculis polyspermia. Sty- 
lus filiformis. Stigma hispidulum. Caps, subglobosa, 3- 
locularis, 3-valvis, valvis medio septigeris. Semina pauca, 
subangulata, umbilico nudo. Embryo curvatus. Brown 
mutatis terminis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Arthropodium cirratum; racemo diviso, bracteis foliaceis, 
pedicellis fasciculatis, petalis interioribus integerrimis, 
filamentorum dimidio barbato basi biappendiculato, 
foliis lanceolato-ensifonnibus. Brown Mss. 

Anthericum cirratum; foliis lanceolatis planiusculis : scapo 
paniculato,, filamentis bicirratis. Forster Prodr. ft. 
Austr. p. 24. Willd. Sp. PL 2. p. 146. 

Anthericum latifolium. Banks and Soland. Mss. 



Another species of ArthropodiuMj the paniculatum, will 
be found at No. 1421 of this work; from which our present 
plant diners in the much greater width of the leaves and 
revolute bractes; greater size of its white {lowers; and both 
from that and every known species in the greater length 
of the spur-like processes at the base of the bearded part 
of the filaments, of which Mr. Brown could only trace 
mere rudiments in any of the other species; in the entire 
margins of the inner petals ; and in the thicker root, 
approaching to tuberous. 

Native 



Native of New Zealand, where it was discovered by Sir 
Joseph Banks and Dr. Solander, in their celebrated voyage 
to the South Seas and round the world, with Captain Cook. 

Has been treated as a greenhouse plant, but Mr. Milne 
thinks it may prove hardy. Flowers in May and June. 
Communicated by Messrs. Whitley, Bra me, and Milne of 
the Fulham Nursery, where it was raised from seeds given 
them by the Rev. William Wood, to whom they were sent 
by Bigge, Esq. late commissioner in New-South- Wales. 



N.2351 





I 






( 2351 ) 

Thysanotus junceus. Rushlike 
Thysanotus. 

******* *********** 

Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Corolla 6-petala, patens, persistens; petalis interioribus 
latioribus, limbo utriiique colorato, marginibus fimbriatis 
ciliis articulatis. Stamina 6, (raro 3,) imai corollae inserta, 
vel hypogna, declinata. Filamenta glabra, brevia. Antherm 
lineares, emarginaturaa baseos insert® : 3 interiores sacpius 
elongatae, reclinatae. Germen loculis dispermis. Stylus fili- 
formis, declinatus. Stigma parvum. Caps 3-loularis, 3- 
valvis, valvis medio septiferis. Semina bina, altero erecto, 
altero pendulo, strophiolata. Brown mutatis terminis. 
Chlamysporum. Salisbury. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Thysanotus junceus; radicibus fibrosis, caulibus ramosis 
diffusis teretibus striatis: ramulis subangulatis, foliis 
radicalibus abbreviatis caulinisque strietis patenti- 
erectis, umbellis paucifloris, antheris inaequalibus. 
Br. Prodr. 283. 

Chlamysporum juncifolium; foliis linearibus integerrimis: 
spicis laxe paniculatis, ipsis confertissimis : antheris 
recurvis, alternis longissiinis. Salisb. Parad. Lond. 
t. 103. 



Our plant did not appear, at the time we reeeived it, to 
have either radical or cauline leaves to be distinguished 
from the rush like, rounded, streaked stems, branched, 
toward the top, into a few, divaricate, slender, somewhat 
angular branches, bearing few-flowered umbels ; one flower 

only 



only expanding at a time, which is of short duration, but 
very beautiful on account of the delicately fringed internal 
petals. The outer petals are linear-lanceolate with a 
powdery pubescence at the apex. The inner ones are 
like the outer, except being bordered with a very broad 
margin beautifully fringed. Both series of lacinia? are 
persistent, the outer ones remaining more or less spread, 
whilst the inner close round the oval, trilocular capsule 
containing two seeds in each cell. Stamens 6. Filaments 
short, yellow, attached below the germen ; three of them 
alternating with and three opposed to the petals ; the former 
bear short, twisted anthers, yellow with purple tips, the 
anthers of the latter are more than twice the length of the 
other, linear, purple and hardly seem to be polliniferous. 
The style is longer than these, curved, purple. 

Mr. Brown places this genus in his natural order of As- 
phodelece, in which however he includes several of Jussieu's 
Asparagi; but remarks that from its near affinity with 
Arthropodium it comes nearer to Anthericum than to the 
Asparagoidece of that order, with which Mr. Salisbury 
connects it. 

For this very rare plant we are indebted to Mr. Joseph 
Knight of the Exotic Nursery, King's-Road, who raised 
it from seeds he received from New South Wales, in the 
spring of 1820. He observes that it is delicate and requires 
to be kept in an airy sunny situation, in the greenhouse, 
during the winter months. Propagated most readily by 
seeds, but may also be increased by cuttings. It flowered 
in July last. 

Native of the country round Port Jackson where it was 
first discovered bv Mr. Robert Brown. 



The outline figures shew the parts of fructification magnified and section 
of the capsule. 



SB35Z. 












^ 




a, \" 1 A 



D^l. 






( 2352 ) 
Crinum aquaticum. Aquatic Crinum. 

**»***»&**»*«* 

Class and Order. 

IIexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — Vide No. 2292. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Sect, II, Semipatentes. Suhdiv. 2. Longifoliae 
vel inclinatce. 

Crinum aquaticum, bulbo ovato ; foliis 4-pedalibus, cana- 
liculars, tortuosis, viridibus, margine scabro ; spatha 
rubra, uncial!, ima parte integra, apice diviso; pedun- 
culis sub-uncialibus ; loculis 8-spermis ; tubo triim- 
ciali ; limbo 2-unciali, albo striato, serins rebescente ; 
stylo ternere vel incurvato vel declinato ; filamentis 
divaricatis apieibus conniventibus (an semper?), basi 
sub-gibbosa, rnembrana crassa, conspicua, faucem tubi 
exsuperante, laciniisque adluerente connexis, cxterio- 
ribus unciam, interioribus f stylo brevioribus; stig- 
mate crasso, rotundate trigono, viridesconte ; floribus 
successivis, odoratis. 

Crinum aquaticum, Nobis in appcndicc, p. 22, 

Crinum campanulatum. In spec. enum. supra 2121. 

Crinum aquaticum. Burchell catalogus geographicus plan- 
tarum Africa australis extra-tropicce, No. 3785. inedit. 



Descr. Bulb ovate ; leaves four feet long, green, deeply 
channelled so as to appear cylindrical, tortuous, pointed, 
an inch and half wide near the base, with a rough margin ; 
scape green, about fourteen inches long : spathe red, one 
inch long, the lower half undivided, the upper 2-cleft ; 
umbel about 4-flowered, with slender bractes ; peduncles 
an inch or less in length, green; germen short, green; 
cells eight seeded ; tube slender, a little curved, about 

three 



three inches long, red streaked with green ; limb about 
two inches long, glossy white with a red streak on each 
segment near the base, becoming after a while deep rose- % 
coloured without and mottled with rose-colour within, cam- 
panulate with the points reflected, the inner Segments near 
an inch wide, obtuse, the outer narrower, hooked; sfr/Zepale 
red, irregularly incurved or declined, a little shorter than 
the limb ; stigma large, triangularly rounded, yellowish 
green ; filaments pale red, diverging with the points con- 
niving (Quaere whether always?), the outer an inch, the 
inner f shorter than the style, united at their base which 
is a little gibbous by a conspicuous glossy green fleshy 
membrane adhering to the base of the limb. N. B. The 
stigma became larger and yellower after the drawing was 
completed. This plant was discovered by Mr. Burchell 
in the E. of the Cape colony in shallow grassy ponds, liable 
to be dried up in summer. The figure was made from a 
specimen produced in May by a bulb given by Mr. B. to 
the Earl of Carnarvon. It is a hardy green-house plant, 
not requiring constant immersion. The flowers have a 
powerful fragrance, a little resembling that of C. capense. 
The glossy white of the young flowers, and the deep rose- 
colour of those which are older, form a beautiful contrast. 
The figure represents the inside which is only mottled ; the 
outside becomes entirely red. The conspicuous waxy thick 
membrane appears to be only an extraordinary enlargement 
of the same process which is distinguishable in C. erubescens, 
and C. flaccidum ; and perhaps the posture of the filaments 
is not invariable, since those of C. arenarium and defixum 
diverge and connive when the flower begins to collapse. 
The particles of pollen perhaps smaller than those of any 
other species, and the one-leaved spathe is an anomaly m 
the genus. Its foliage much resembles that of C. capense 
but without the glaucous hue, and is still more like that ot 
C. crassifolium, appendix, p. 23, which last appears to be 
the Amaryllis revoluta, var. B. of the Bot. Reg. 6lo, a 
plant differing in habit and perennial foliage from C. revo- 
lutum, which is Amaryllis revoluta, var. A. Of the Bot. Reg- 
623. If it had been ascertained that the short filaments 
of C. aquaticum always connived, considering its other 
remarkable features, we should have detached it from the 
genus Crinum under the name Crinopsis. W. H. 



a. Cell showing eight ovules. b. Particle of pollen magnif'*'"* 

c. Dissection to shew the stamens, and the connecting membrane at 
the faux of the tube. 



W23S3. 




( 2353 ) 

Alstrcemeria pulchella. Speckled 
Alstrcemeria. 

******************* 

Class and Order. 
Hexandria Mohogynia 

Generic Character. 

Cqr. 6-petala, subbilabiata : petalis duobus iuferioribus 
basi tubulosis. Stamina dcclinata. Germ, iiiferuii^ 3 — 6- 
anjrularc?. 



•&■ 



Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Alstrcemeria pulchella ; caule erecto, foliis sessilibus lan- 
ceolatis, pedimculis involucro longioribus, petalis re- 
curvo patentibus acuminatis subaequalibus : duobus 
erectis maculatis angustioribus. 

Alstrcemeria pulchella. Lin. Suppl. 206 ? 

Alstrcemeria Ligta ; caule erecto, foliis lanccolato-lincari- 
bus, floribus umbellatis, petalis subcouforuiibus. Flor. 
Pcruv. 3. p. 59 ? 

Uemerocallis floribus purpurasceutibus str'mtis vulgo Ligtu. 
Feuill. Pcruv. 2. p. 710. t. 4. vix dubia. 



Although we have very little doubt but that our plan! is 
the same species as that described and figured! by Father 
Feuill£e, and referred to by Linn/eus as a synonym of 
A. Ligtu, and consequently that the species published 
under that name at No. 125 of this work, is not the original 
Ligtu ; yet as that plant is now well known in Europe by 
this name,, we think that any attempt to restore the original 
appellation, were we quite certain of the error, would only 
add to the confusion. Not to increase unnecessarily the 
number of species we refer our plant to A. pidchella, under 
which name we received it, though we confess that it does 
not well agree with the description in the Supplement urn 

Plantarum ; 



Plantarum ; and we do this the more readily as there is no 
species described in the Flora Peruviana by the name of 
pulchella, which was taken up by Linna'us from a drawing 
only. There is no figure of Alstrcemeria tdgtu in the 
Flora Peruviana of Ruez and Pavon, the drawings and 
dried specimens of that plant being lost by shipwreck, but 
their description disagrees in very few points with our 
present subject; and they refer to Feuillee's figure without 
stigmatising it as bad; a character given it by Willdenow, 
and which it well deserves, if intended to represent the 
plant now known by that name. The specimens preserved 
in their Herbarium now in the possession of Mr. Lambert, 
as A. Ligtu, are more like our plant than the one which 
is so called at present ; but perhaps may be only varieties 
of Pelegrina. 

Our drawing was taken from a weak plant; a stronger 
may probably produce more flowers in the umbel and 
consequently a greater number of leaves in the involu* 
cram. Communicated by Mr. Anderson from the Chelsea 
garden in June last; where it flowered in the greenhouse, 
Native of Chili whence the seeds were received in 1820, 




j23S4r. 



^-tyJ-C-HTtuWvhrvrn. . QccU.322. 



ITirl dUZ Jc. 



( 2354 ) 

Passiflora lunata. Crescent-leaved 
passion-flower; 

Cfoss and Order. 

MoNADELPHlA PENTANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

, CaZ. 5-partitus, coloratus. Cor. 5-petala, calyci inserta. 
Nectar. Corona filamentosa. Pepo pedicellata. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Passiflora lunata; foliis bilobis punctatis basi subcordatis, 
petiolis eglandulosis, pedunculis axillaribus geminis, 
tills coronae exterioribus compresso-clavatis. 

Passiflora lunata; foliis bilobis punctatis basi subcordatis 
biglahdulosis, nectarii radiis exterioribus compresso- 
clavatis obtusis. Smith. Ic. Pict. 1. tab. 1. 

Passiflora lunata; foliis cordatis bilobis obtusis glabris, 
petiolis eglandulosis, pedunculis axillaribus geminis, 
filis corona? clavatis. tVilld. Sp. PI 3 p. 612. Hort. 
Kew. ed. alt. 4. p. 149. Pers. Sun. 2. p. 220. n. 21. 

Passiflora biflora; foliis bilobis semilunatis obtusis glabris 
subtus punctatis, caule quinquangulo, axillis bifloris. 
Lam. Encycl. 3. p. 36. p. 447. t. 271. Cav. Diss. 10. 
457. t. 288. 

Granadilla folio lunato, flore parvo albo, fructu succulento 
ovato Houstoni. Mart. Cent. p. 52. t. 52. 

Passiflora Vespertilio. Miss Laur. Passion-flowers. 



Descr. Stem shrubby, five-angled, climbing by means 
of long spirally twisted tendrils. Leaves alternate, three- 
nerved, two-lobed: lobes divaricate, obtuse, terminated 
with a short bristle (as is the midrib of the leaf between 
the lobes) reticulate-veined, marked with an irregular row 

of 



of pellucid dots on the inner-side of the nerve of each. 
Petioles short, curved, Stipules two, subulate, persistent. 
Peduncles axillary, growing two together, jointed, with 
three subulate bractes below the joint, one flowered. Ca- 
lyx (or outer segments of the perianthium) 5-cleft, green 
with whitish margin, concave. Petals (or inner segments) 
five, rather shorter than the calyx, white. Outer series 
of the nectarium or corona nearly the length of the petals, 
yellow, compressed, somewhat broadest a little below 
the point. Germen oval, obsoletely three-cornered, sup- 
ported on a thickish column to which the filaments are 
united. Anthers oblong. Styles recurved : stigmas large, 
rounded. 

Sir James E. Smith, who has given a description and 
beautiful figure of this plant in his Icones pictae, remarks 
that the observation in the Systema vegetabilium affixed to 
Passiflora punctata belongs to this plant, but not so the 
specific character. 

We could not discover any appearance of the two glands 
at the base of the leaf besides the row of pellucid dots, nor 
do we discover them in either of the figures quoted, nor are 
they noticed in Sir James's full description, though inserted 
in the specific character. 

Native of Mexico and of Jamaica. Cultivated in the 
stove, where it blossoms most part of the year. Introduced 
by Dr. William Houstoun in 1733. 



. The outline figure represents the leaf of a variety received from John 
Walker, Esq. except in foliage, differing in nothing from our plant. 




JF2355. 



( 2355 ) 

Crinum arenarium. Water-island 
Sand Crinum. 

A &• & &• .4*. &• &* & &. Afc i^- ■•i'l .^. A its* dL A A 
vfr *-|? vfr •>{? vfr vk vj» '4* v|» Vf» '^s* vjw* vt»* vfr vf>* vis vf." vfr 

C/lem and Order. 

Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — Vide No. 2292. 

Specific Character. 

Sect. 1. Patentes. Subdiv. nutantes. 

Crinum arenarium, bulbo ovato, foliis bipedalibus margine 
sub-scabro, seapo pedali, umbella 5-flora breviter pe- 
dunculata, genuine ;|-unciali, tubo sub-4-unciali vi- 
ridescente, limbo sub-3-unciali albo, stylo laciniis et 
filamentis longiore. 



Descr. Bulb ovate, covered with whitish brown coats. 
Leaves two feet long, one inch and half wide, and a little 
purple near the base, tapering towards the point, with the 
edges a little rough, rather more glaucous, and less erect 
than those of americanum, which they much resemble. 
Scape near a foot, green. Spathe one inch and half. Umbel 
5-flowered, with bractes. Peduncles three eights of an inch 
long ; germen quarter of an inch long. Cells with six 
ovules. Tube near four inches long, pale green, faintly 
speckled with red, at first curved, afterwards more erect. 
Limb white, two inches and three quarters long, the outer 
segments three quarters wide, the inner a little narrower, 
all terminating with a green point. Filaments a little 
knobbed at their insertion, purple except near their base, 
at first declined with their points curved upwards, afterwards 
diverging with conniving points, the base of each being 
embraced by the margins of the corresponding segment of 
the limb; the outer filaments six eights, the inner five 

eights 



eights shorter than the limb. Pollen orange. Style purple 
towards the extremity, half an inch longer than the limb. 
Stigma triangularly round, large, with long white fimbriae 
Buds nodding completely before expansion. Flowers with 
very little fragrance. 

Bulbs of this species of Crinum were collected on the 
expedition to survey the coasts of Australia, in Water 
island on the N. W. coast, lat. 14°, 3' S. and long. 125°, E. 
of Greenwich, at the entrance of Montagu's sound. The 
bulbs were growing about eight or nine inches below the 
surface of a barren sandy soil ; the thermometer stood at 
94 in the shade, a sea breeze blowing upon it ; the ball of 
the thermometer being placed in the sand, it rose rapidly 
to 130, when it was necessary to remove it to prevent its 
bursting, as the scale went no higher than 133. 

The bud represented in the figure, nodded completely 
the day before its expansion, which took place late in the 
evening ; the flower retained the next morning the posture 
of tube, limb, and filaments, resembling that of C. america- 
num; but before noon the base of the petals began to 
contract round the corresponding filaments. The same 
change takes place in the flowers of C. dejixum when they 
begin to fade. The specimen was sent at the end ef May 
from Lord Carnarvon's stove at Highclere. Bulbs appa- 
rently of the same species have been since collected at 
Cape Flinders, lat. 14°, 10' S. long. 144°, 18' E. W. H. 



Erratum in last Number. 
Page 2343, line 1 and 12, for tuberosa read tuberosum. 



INDEX. 



In which the Latin Names of the Plants contained in the Forty- 
Ninth Volume are alphabetically arranged. 



— »=^jrs3fefcu^S»~. 



PI. 

2305 

2304 

2353 

2341) 

2350 

2319 

2342 

2282 

2324 

2329 

2321 

228G 

2335 

2276 

2308 

2343 

2339 

2306 

2279 

2316 

2302 

2323 

2317 

2293 

2309 

2274 

2287 

2352 

2355 

2301 

2336 

2292 
2288 
2332 
2322 

2348 
2340 
2291 
2303 

228 I 
2328 
2300 



Achania Malvaviscus. 
Aloe nitida. 
Alstroemeria pulchella. 
Anchusa Barrelieri. 
Arthropodium cirratum. 
Arbutus Unedo, $. integrifolia. 
Argemone albiflora. 
Arum tenuifolium. 
— — — trilobatum. 
Aspalathus carnosa. 
Aster alwartensis. 

> fruticulosus. 

Astragalus brachycarpus. 
Athanasia annua. 
Azalea hybrida enneandra. 
Brachystelma tuberosum. 
Burchellia bubalina. 
Cactus speciosissimus. 
Calla aromatica. 
Canna gigantea. 

— glauca, $. rufa. 

— peduneulata. 

— speciosa. 

Carthamus caeruleus. 
Cerbera Thevetia, 
Cicer arietinum. 
Cnicus afer. 
Crinum aquaticum. 
1 arenarium. 

ensifolium. 

hybridum,eiubesccnte 

-capense. 

moluccanuni. 



Dianthus Pseudarmeria. 
Diosma ericoides. 
Erica andromcdiflora, &. 
mnphans. 

mutabilis. 

Fumaria cava v. albiriora. 
Gastronema clavatum. 
Gentiana intermedia. 
Glycine phaseoloides. 
Gnaphalium congestum. 
Hcdychium spicatum. 



tri- 



Pl. 

2338 Hibbertia dentata. 
2273 Hippeastrum pulverulentum. 
2315 « spathaceum hy- 
brid urn. 

2278 ■ stylosum. 

2299 Hyssopus orientalis, /3. 
2327 Jacaranda ovalifolia. 
2326 Iris brachycuspis. 

2331 Pallasii, (3. chinensis. 

2280 Lilium carolinianum. 
2277 Lobelia decumbens. 

2295 Lysimachia verticillata. 

2346 Ephemerum. 

2297 JVJalva Alcea. 

2298 — moschata, 0. undulata. 

2307 Maranta arundinacea. 

2337 Melastoma heteromalla. 
2314 Mespilus odoratissima. 
2345 Orobus birsutus. 
2344 Papavernudicaule, & rubro- 

aurantiacum. 
2275 Parthenium Hysterophorus. 
2354 Passiflora lunata. 

2289 Periploca graica. 

2347 Phyteuma spicatum. 
2318 Ploclranthus comosus. 
2341 Poterium caudatum. 

2285 Rhododendron punctatum (*.) 

2333 Rivina laevis. 

2310 Rudbeckia pimuita. 

2311 Ruta angustifolia. 
2320 Salvia bracteata. 

2290 Saponaria Vaccaria. 

2294 Scorzonera purpurea, $. gran- 
diflora. 

2312 Sisyrinchium laxum. 
2313 tenuifolium. 

2334 Templctonia retusa. 
2351 Thysanotusjunceus. 
2330 Tradescantia fuscata. 
2283 Trifolium cajruleum. 

2296 Triumfetta annua. 
2325 Valeriana ruthenica. 
2281 Viburnum nudum. 



\ 



INDEX. 

Ill which the English Names of the Plants contained in the Forty- 
Ninth Volume are alphabetically arranged. 



PL 

2305 Achania, Scarlet. 

2350 Arthropodium, Broad-leaved. 

2353 Alstroemeria, Speckled. 

2304 Aloe, Polished. 

2342 Argeruone, White-flowered. 

2307 Arrow-Root, Indian. 

2324 Avum, AuriculateThree-lobed. 

2282 Scorzonera-leaved. 

2329 Aspalathus, Oval-spiked. 

2335 Astragalus, Short-fruited. 
2276 Athanasia, Annual. 

2308 Azalea, Hybrid Rhododen- 

dron-like. 
2345 Bitter- Vetch, Hairy. 

2343 Brachystelma, Tuberous- 

rooted. 
2349 Bugloss, Barrelier's. 

2339 Burchellia, Cape. 

2341 Burnet, Smooth Shrubby. 

2279 Calla, Aromatic. 

2293 Carthainus, Blue-flowered. 

2309 Cerbera, Linear-leaved. 
2274 Chich-pea, or Chiches. 
2287 Cnicus, Barbary, or Twin- 

thorned Thistle. 
2352 Crinum, Aquatic. 

2355 , Water-island, Sand. 

2296 ■, Molucca. 

2301 ■ , Sword-leaved. 

2336 — — , Hybrid Erubescent- 

Cape. 
2332 Diosma, Sweet-scented. 

2340 Fumitory, White Hollow- 

rooted. 

2291 Gastronema, Striped-flowered. 

2303 Gentian* Intermediate. 

22}>t Glycine, Lessor Redhead. 

2328 Guaphalium, Compact-flower- 
ing. 

2314 Hawthorn, Sweet-scented. 

2322 Heath, Blood-spotted Andro- 
meda-flowered. 

2348 , mutable. 

2300 Hedychium, Spike-flowered. 

2338 Hibbertia, Brown-leaved. 

2299 Hyssop, Oriental. 

2:127 Jacaranda, Oval-leaved. 

W02 Indian-Reed. Buff-colotured 



daneous. 



2317 



Nepaul. 



PL 

2323 

2316 

2331 

2326 

2273 

2315 

2278 

2280 
2277 
2295 
2346 
2298 
2297 
2337 
2283 
2275 
2354 

2289 
2288 
2318 
2344 

2347 
2285 

2333 
•2310 
2311 
2320 
2312 
2313 
2290 
2330 
2321 
2286 
2319 

2334 
2351 
2306 

2296 
2325 
2*281 

229 \ 



Indian Reed Peduncled. 

— , Tall. 

Iris, Pallas 's Chinese. 

— •, Poisonous-rooted. 

Knight's-Star-Lily, Bloom- 
leaved. 

— t Long-spa- 

thed hybrid. 



-• Long- 
styled. 

Lily, Carolina Martagon. 

Lobelia, Decumbent. 

Loosestrife, Verticillate. 

■ ■ , Willow-leaved. 

Mallow, Undulated Musk. 
■-■ - , Vervain. 

Melastoma, Woolly-leaved. 

Melilot-Trefoil, Blue. 

Parthenium, Cut-leaved. 

Passion-Flower, Crescent- 
leaved. 

Periploca, Common. 

Pink, Long-scaled. 

Plectranthus, Tufted. 

Poppy, Orange-coloured, 
Naked-stalked. 

Rampion, Spiked. 

Rhododendron, Carolina Dot- 
ted-leaved. 

Rivina, Smooth. 

Rudbeckia, Fragrant pinnated. 

Rue, Narrow-leaved. 

Sage, Long-bracted ; or Clary. 

Sisyrinchium, Loose-flowered. 

f Narrow-leaved. 

Soapwort, Cow. 

Spiderwort, Stemless. 

Starwort, Fine -rayed. 

, Shrubby. 

Strawberry -Tree, Entire- 
leaved. 

Templetonia, Wedge-leaved. 

Thysanotus, Rush-like. 

Torch-Thistle, Crimson-flow- 
ered. 

Triumfetta, Annual. 

Valerian, Altaic. 

Viburnum, Oval-leaved. 

Vipi-i's-Grass, Large Purple- 
flowered.