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Full text of "Curtis's botanical magazine"

C UR T I S' S 

Botanical Magazine; 



OR, 

FLOWER-GARDEN DISPLAYED: 

IN WHICH 

The most Ornamental Foreign Plants, cultivated in the Open 
Ground, the Green -House, and the Stove, are accurately 
represented in their natural Colours. 

TO WHICH ARE ADDED, 

Their Names, Class, Order, Generic and Specific Characters, according 

to the celebrated Linn^us; their Places of Growth, 

and Times of Flowering ; 

Together with the most approved Methods of Culture. 

A WORK 

Intended for the Use of such Ladies, Gentlemen, and Gardeners, as wish 
to become scientifically acquainted with the Plants they cultivate. 

By JOHN SIMS, M.D. 

Fellow of the Royal and Linnean Societies. 

VOL. L. 

Being the Eighth of the New Series, 



The Flowers, which grace their native beds, 

Awhile put forth their blushing heads, 

But e'er the close of parting day, 

They wither, shrink, and die away ; 

But these, which mimic skill hath made, 

Nor scorched by suns, nor killed by shade, 

Shall blush with less inconstant hoe, 

Which art at pleasure can renew. Lloyd. 



?lonoon: 

Printed by Stephen Couchman, Throgmorton-Street. 

Published by Sherwood, Jones, & Co. 20, Paternoster- Row, 

And Sold by the principal Booksellers in Great-Britain and Ireland. 

MDCCC XXIII. 



N.2356. 




J>ui 



( 2356 ) 

Crassula versicolor. Changeable 
Crassula. 

Class and Order. 

Pentandria Pentagynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-phyllus. Petala 5 (nunc unguibus coalitis). 
Squamce 5 nectarifera? ad basin germinis. Capsulce 5. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 
* Frutescentes. 

Crassula versicolor; eorollis tubulosis, foliis imbricatis 
lanceolatis concavis cartilagineo-ciliatis basi connato- 
vaginantibus, floribus umbellatis. 

Crassula versicolor ; erecta, ramosa, foliis oblongo-lanceo- 
latis cartilagineo-denticulatis basi connato-vaginanti- 
bus, umbellis geminato-multifloris. Bot. Reg. 320. 

Crassula versicolor. Burchell Mss. 



Descr. Stem shrubby, erect, branched. Leaves imbri- 
cate, lanceolate, hollowed especially towards the base, 
connate, sheathing, edged with minute cartilaginous cilia?. 
Flowers in umbels at the extremities of the branches. 
Calycine leaflets subulate, one third shorter than the tube 
of the corolla. Corolla hypocrateriform, with a long tube, 
formed by the adherent, but separable claws of the petals : 
limb shorter by half than the tube, five cleft: segments 
somewhat recurved, bright red on the outside, and white 
within, except a red margin, which gradually extends 
nearly oyer the whole. The flowers are sweet-scented in 
the evening. 

This species, on account of the tubular corolla, belongs 
to De Candolle's genus Larochea adopted by Persoon 

and 



and Haworth, also by Schultes in the new edition of the 
Systema Vegetabilium. But as this tube is made simply 
by the adhesion of the claws of the petals, which are more 
or less separable in all., and in Crassula jasminea (supra 
2178j with quite as long a tube, are not at all connected, 
except at the upper part, this circumstance seems hardly 
sufficient to found a genus upon. Jussieu refers all the 
tubular species of Crassula to Colyledon. 

Crassula versicolor is a native of the Cape of Good 
Hope, whence it was introduced by Mr. Burchell on his 
return from his travels in that country, and is indeed a 
very valuable acquisition to our gardens, as it flowers freely, 
and requires only to be protected from frost and from 
damps. Flowers most of the summer. Communicated by 
Mr. Joseph Knight of the Exotic Nursery in the King's 
Road. 




N2351. 



I Li^rC,! Jj il 



( 2357 ) 

Andromeda axillaris, /3. Fine notched- 
leaved Andromeda. 

****************** 

Class and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. 5-partitus. Cor. ovata : ore 5-fido. Caps. 5-locu- 
laris : valvulis dissepimento contrariis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Andromeda axillaris ; foliis perermantibus ovato-lanceo- 
latis spinuloso-serratis subtus ferrugineo-punctatis, 
racemis axillaribus sessilibus suberectis, antheris 
muticis. 

Andromeda axillaris ; foliis oblon£-o-ovalibus basi acutis 
brevi-acuminatis cartdagineo-serratis lucidis glabris 
coriaceis, racemis spicatis axillaribus sessilibus squa- 
moso-bracteatis undique confertifloris, corollis cylin- 
draceo-ovatis, antheris muticis. Pursh Fl. Amer. 
Sept. 1. p. 292. 

Andromeda axillaris. Willd. Sp. PL 2. p. 613. Hort. 
Kew. ed. alt. 3. p. 54. Nuttall Gen. 1. p. 265. 

Andromeda axillaris,, |3. foliis lanceolatis versus apicem 
serrulatis coriaceis, racemis axillaribus solitariis bre- 
vissimis. Lam. Encycl. 1. p. 157. Ejusdem var. &. est 
A. Catesbai {supra 1955.) 

((3.) foliis lineari-lanceolatis longissimis. Pursh I. c. 



Andromeda axillaris and Catesbcei have been often con- 
sidered as varieties of the same species, and, as both vary 
considerably in the form of the leaves, they may sometimes 
approach so near as to render it not easy to decide to which 
species some individuals belong-, or at least not from the 

foliage 



foliage alone ; but we believe that our present plant in all 
its varieties may be generally distinguished by its shorter, 
more erect, and more clustered racemes. In A. Catesbcei 
the racemes are longer, more or less eernuous, and are 
furnished with longer and more pointed bractes. We must 
not conceal however, that the accurate botanist Mr. Nuttall 
is decidedly of opinion that A. axillaris and spinulosa (our 
Catesbcei) form but one species. To us however our present 
plant, which we take to be variety |3 of Pursh's axillaris, 
appears to be evidently distinct from the one we have 
given above, No. 1955, under the name of A. Catesbcei. 

Native of Carolina and Georgia, and though considered 
as hardy, is liable to be killed by our winters when severe. 
Flowers from May to August. Communicated by John 
Walker, Esq. of Arno's Grove. 



Kjj|l ¥> I 




( 2358 ) 

Broussonetia papyrifera. Paper- 
Mulberry Tree. 

Class and Order. 
Dicecia Tetrandria. 

Generic Character. 

Masc. Amentum cylindraceum. Cat. 4-partitus. Cor. 0. 

•^ Pem. Amentum globosum, e receptaculis cylindraceo- 

clavatis compositum. Cal. 3- s. 4-dentatus, in apice recep- 

taculi. Stylus lateralis subulatus. Sem. 1. calyce tectum. 

Specific Name and Synonyms. 

Broussonetia papyrifera. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 5. p. 372. 

Bot. Repos. v. 8. t. 488. 
Broussonetia. Vent. Regn. veg. 3. p. 547. 
Papyrius japonica. Lam. Encycl. Bot. 5. p. 5. Ejusdem 

III. Gen. t. 762. 
Morus papyrifera ; foliis palmatis, fructibus hispidis. Sp. 

PL 1399. 
Morus sativa, foliis urticae mortuae, cortice papyrifera. 

Kcempf. Amten. 471. t. 472. 
Morus papyrifera sativa japonica. Seb. Thes. 1. p. 44. 

L 28. 



The Paper-Mulberry tree is a shrub of but little beauty ; 
but, both in Japan and in the South-sea islands, is of the 
utmost importance for economical purposes. In Otaheite, 
as we are informed by Captain Cook, in his relation of his 
first voyage, the finest and whitest cloth worn by the chiefs 
and principal persons of the island is entirely manufac- 
tured from the inner bark of this tree by a simple process 
of beating ; and in Japan the same species is cultivated in 
great quantity, for the purpose of making paper of different 

kinds, 



kinds, by a process in which the bark is reduced to a pulp, 
to be afterwards spread into sheets of greater or less thick- 
ness, upon similar principles, though by different contri- 
vances, to what are used in the manufacture of European 
paper, except that it appears that the Japanese employ 
vegetable mucilages only, and neither animal gluten nor 
alum, which is probably the reason that their paper is more 
bibulous than ours. A full description of the Japanese 
process for making paper from the Paper-Mulberry may 
be seen in KLempfer's amaenitates, which has been trans- 
lated into several of the Encyclopaedias and Dictionaries 
of the day. 

In young plants the leaves are more or less divided into 
lobes, but in adult shrubs they are generally entire, as 
seen in our plate, in which the upper figure represents a 
flowering branch of the female, and the lower one of a 
male plant. This tree has been long cultivated in our 
gar4ens; according to the Hortus Kewen sis before 1751, by 
Peter Collinson, Esq. It appears by M. Poiret's account 
in Lamarck's Encyclopedic that it had been long cultivated 
also in the Paris gardens, but that the male plant only was 
known, till M. Broussonet, in his travels, met with the 
female in some garden in Scotland, and transmitted cuttings 
of it. The fruit being from that time known, it was found 
not to belong to the genus Morus, though nearly allied to 
it. M. V Heretier gave it the name of Broussonetia ; 
but his unfortunate death prevented its publication, till 
adopted by Ventenat, in his Tableau du Regne Vegetal. 

Native of Japan and the South-sea islands. Flowers 
from February to September. Propagated by layers, 
cuttings, or seed. Communicated by John Walker, Esq. 




JC^rtu, DA JU> ly / CurUr WcOiro -rth JK 



ovl2S22. 



~Wul4^ll i" 



( 2359 ) 

Spigelia Anthelmia. Annual Worm- 
Grass. 

ii\ &• .'fr. . N ? / . sk, sL. &, A f . rff. iSE*- -4^ r^, .4*- -S^t & .^ A'. 

CZass and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. infundibuliformis. Caps, didyma, 1 -locularis, poly- 
sperma. 

Specific Character and St/nom/tns. 

Spigelia Anthelmia ; foliis inferioribus oppositis ; superio- 

ribus quaternis, floribus spicatis secundis. R. et P. 

Flor. Peruv. v. 2. p. 9. 
Spigelia Anthelmia; caule herbaceo, foliis summis qua- 

ternis. Willd. Sp. PL 1. p. 824. Amcen. Acad. 5. 

p. 133. t. 2. Roem. et Sch. Syst. Vegetab. 4. p. 190. 
Anthelmenthia quadrifolia spicis terminalibus et e centro 

frondis. Browne Jam. 156. t. SI. f. 3. 
Arapabaca quadrifolia, fructu testiculato. Plum. Gen. p. 

11. I. 81. 
Arapabaca Brasiliensibus dicta planta. Marcgr. Bras. 46. 
Heliotropium Brasilicum Herbae Paridis folio. Petiv. 

Gazyph. tab. 59. /. W.—Catal. 589. 



The Spigelia Anthelmia is a plant of considerable 
efficacy for the cure of worms, and febrile diseases sup- 
posed to arise from the presence of worms. It was first 
brought into notice by Dr. Patrick Browne, in his Civil 
and Natural History of Jamaica ; but it does not seem to 
have been ever much in use in this country ; but another 
species A. marilandica (supra n. 80.) under the name of 
Indian Pink, was at one time in considerable vogue. There 
t'an be no doubt that these plants are very efficacious 

remedies 



remedies, but. whether from the unpleasant narcotic effects 
which they sometimes produce, especially on the eyes, or 
some other cause, they seem now to be very much neg- 
lected ; though the root of the Spigelia marilandica is still 
retained in the College Materia Medica. 

Native of the West Indies and the continent of South 
America. Requires the heat of the stove, or a hot-bed, 
and being an annual is propagated only by seeds. Flowers 
in July. Cultivated by Miller in 1759. Communicated 
by Mr. William Anderson from the Chelsea garden. 







2ukhy. S Curtii yfa-iworth.]llov.lJ322 



( 2360 ) 

HoVENlA DULCIS. SwEET HOVENIA* 

****************** 

Class and Order. 

Pentandria Monogynia* 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-partitus, persistens dentibus deciduis. Petala b, 
eonvoluta, stamina obvolventia. Caps. 3-locularis, 3-valvis ; 
loculis 1-spermis. 

Specific Name and Synonyms. 

Hovenia dulcis. Thunb. Jap. 101. Willd. Sp. PI. 1. p< 

1141. Lam. Illustr. Gen. t. 131. Encycl. Bot. 3. p. 

138. Roem. et. Sch. Syst. Veg. 5. p. 429. Bot. Reg. 

t. 501 . et in Appendice, vol. 7. 
Sicku vulgo Ken. Pyrus fructu ramoso, vasculo seminali 

summo fructui insidente tricocco et tripyreno. Ktempf. 

Amcen. p. 808. t. 809. 



Hovenia dulcis is cultivated in Japan and China for the 
sake of its very singular sweet fruit, as in common lan- 
guage it is called, though, it does not afford any covering 
to the seed, as most fruits do ; but no more does the com- 
mon strawberry, the succulent, eatable part of which is the 
enlarged receptacle, on the outside of which the seed is 
affixed. So in this plant, after the flowering is over the 
branched foot-stalks of the flowers increase in size, become 
succulent and contain a sweet pulp which K^empfer com- 
pares to the taste of our Burgamot pear. To the suc- 
culent extremities of this branched foot-stalk, the capsule 
containing three seeds in three cells is attached by a short 
pedicle. 

For specimens of this very rare plant we are indebted to 
pur friend Mr. Lambert, in whose greenhouse, at Boyton, 
it flowers freely ; but the fruit has not, as yet, come to any 
degree of maturity. 



It appears from the specimens preserved in the Lam- 
bertian Herbarium, that there is a considerable variety 
with regard to the pubescence and the setrature of the 
leaves, and Mr. Don remarks that as the trees advance in 
age they become smoother and the leaves deeper serrated. 
In a specimen from China, in the same collection, the 
branches, and in degree, the leaves also are clothed with a 
rust-coloured pubescence, and grow more zig-zag than in 
the Japan plant. Perhaps this may be a distinct species. 

Flowers in July. Communicated by Aylmer B. Lambert, 
Esq. from his collection at Boy ton. 



•N»>* 



/ 



K.2361. 






( 2361 ) 
Iris furcata. Forked Iris. 

Class and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. 6-partita : laciniis alternis reflexis, alternis conni- 
ventibus. Stigmata 3, petaliformia. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Iris furcata; (barbata) foliis ensiformibus scapo bifurco 

bifloro brevioribus, germine trigono trisulco. m. b. 

Flor. Taurico-Caucas. v. 3. p. 42. — Cent. PI. rar. 

Ross. 2. t. 51. Roem. et Sch. Syst. veget. 1. p. 462. 

Lepech. it. I. p. 300. Georgi it. 1. p. 196. 
Iris biflora; m. b. Fl. Taurico-Caucas. v. I. p. 31. Ex- 

clusis synonymis, prater Pallasii et forsan Schmidtii. 



In the third volume of that excellent work, the Flora 
Tauiieo-caucasica, Marschall a Bieberstein considers this 
species as distinct from the biflora, to which he had at first 
referred it. From the last named species it is distinguished 
by its never having a three-flowered, though it varies with 
a one-flowered scape; by its peduncled, not subsessile 
flowers ; by the reflexed laciniae of the corolla not being 
narrower than the upright; and by the three-cornered, not 
rounded germen. 

It is upon Dr. Fischer's authority that we give this as 
the Iris furcata of Marschall ; for not having had an 
opportunity of examining the plant ourselves, we could 
not have decided whether to refer it to that species or to 
biflora. The second volume of the Centuria plantarum 
rariorum Rossicarum, if published, is not, we believe, as 
yet arrived in this country. 

Native of Northern Caucasus, where it grows very com- 
mon in the open pastures. A hardy perennial. I 4 lowers 
m May. Communicated by Mr. Anderson from the Chelsea 
garden. 



N.2362. 




T.OwrtL/J)el. 



&J>i]J 



( 2362 ) 

Tetragonia expansa. Horned Tetragonia 
or New Zealand Spinach. 

Class and Order. 

ICOSANDRIA PENTAGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 3- s. 5-partitus. Petala 0. Drupa infera, nuce 4- s. 
8-locularL 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Tetragonia expansa ; herbacea, foliis ovato-rhombeis, 

fructibus quadricornibus. Willd. Sp. PL 2. p. 1024. 

Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 3. p. 211. De Cand. Plantes 

grasses, t. 114. J. Anderson in trans. Horticult. Soc. 

v. 4. p. 488. 
Tetragonia expansa ; herbacea, ramis expansis elongatis, 

foliis paracolitis, floribus plerumque solitariis, fructu 

cornuto. Murray in Comment. Goetting. 1783. p. 13. 

t. 5. Scop. Delic. Insubr. 1. p. 32. t. 14. 
Tetragonia expansa; foliis subcordatis ovatis punctatis, 

floribus axillaribus solitariis. Thunb. in Lin. Soc. 

Trans. 2. p. 33b. 
Tetragonia halimifolia; herbacea, papulosa, foliis elliptico- 

rhombeis petiolatis, pedunculis axillaribus unifloris 

subsolitariis, fructu cornuto. Forst. Prodr. n. 223. 

Forst. Plant, esc. p. 67. n. 37. 
Tetragonia japonica ; foliis subcordatis ovatis punctatis, 

floribus axillaribus solitariis. Thunb. Jap. 208. 
Tetragonia cornuta. Gartn.fruct. 2. p. 483. t. 179. f. 3. 
Demidovia tetragonoides. Pall. enum. Hort. Demidorf. 

p. 150. t. 1. teste Willd. 



Tetragonia expansa would certainly claim little notice 
for its beauty, but at the same time, it is a plant of some 
notoriety, having been discovered by the late Sir Joseph 
Banks in Queen Charlotte's sound, New Zealand, in Captain 

Coof *s 



Cook's first voyage to the Pacific Ocean; at a time when 
from its esculent qualities, it was in no ordinary degree 
acceptable, and more especially at Tongatabu in the Cap- 
tain's second voyage when its virtues were better known. 

The first account of this plant being cultivated as an 
esculent herb in Europe, is given by Count D'Ourches in 
the Annates d' Agriculture for September 1819. In the 
Fourth Volume of the Transactions of the Horticultural 
Society is a dissertation on the advantage of cultivating this 
plant, as a substitute for summer Spinach, by Mr. John 
Anderson, gardiner to the Earl of Essex; from whose 
account it may be gathered that it is a very valuable 
acquisition to the culinary garden, being by most persons 
preferred to Spinach, and affording a more ready succes- 
sion in the hot months, when the latter is with great 
difficulty kept in order for supplying the table, from its 
running so speedily into flow r er. 

It is not very tender, resisting at the latter end of the 
year a greater degree of frost than what will destroy Po* 
tatoes, Nasturtiums, and other tender annuals. It is to be 
first raised in a melon frame, and planted in the open air 
after the middle of May, in a richly manured bed. But to 
procure seeds by which, being a annual, it is only to be 
propagated, Mr. Anderson recommends some of the plants 
to be raised in poor ground or confined in pots, as is 
practised to procure seeds from the Ice plant. 

Communicated by John Walker, Esq. of Arno's Grove. 



Izm 





I ~i L> eL. 




K4 iy J. ttmti, Mmbr^th, HovJ.lS22 



( 2363 ) 

STATICE iEGYPTIACA. EGYPTIAN THRIFT. 

' %*% • *% •• * •%■ % ■%'*%•■■ & titMHf- *&& 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Pentagynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal, 1-phyllus, integer, plicatus, scariosus. Petala 5, 
Sem. 1, super um. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Statice &gyptiaca j caule herbaceo, foliis radicalibus alterne 
pinnatifido-sinuatis, corollae laciniis intermediis linca- 
ribus, perianthio communi bicorni. Viviani. Hort. di 
Negro. Pers. Syn. 1. p. 334. n. 41. Schultes Syst, 
Veg. vol. 6. p\ 796. 

Statice cegyptiaca ; foliis radicalibus sinuatis lyratis ; su- 
perioribus lineari-lanceolatis decurrentibus, floribus pa- 
niculatis fascieulatis, bracteis majoribus coriaceis apice 
bispinosis, calyce 10-denticulato, denticulis quinque 
alternis setaceis, corolla inclusa, Delisle Egypt, t. 25. 

. J'- 3 - 

Statice aegyptiaca. Scannagatta Hort. Bonon. 1813. Biroli 
Hort. Taurin. 1815. Configliacchi Hort. Mantuan. 
1816. Campana Hort. Farrar. 1820. teste Dom. Webb. 



Descr. Radical leaves sublyrate, sinuate-pinnatifid, 
mucronate, very minutely ciliate. Stems several, flattened, 
winged at the upper part, the wings somewhat elongated 
beyond the division, forming a sort of ear on one side. 
Peduncles about five-flowered broadly winged: wings 
elongated on each side into unequal horns. Bractes green, 
recurved at the point. Calyx superior, white, scariose, 
funnel-shaped; border 10-eleft: alternate segments filiform, 
Corolla yellowish, caducous, shorter than calyx, 5-petaled : 
petals wedge-shaped, Stamens short, included. 

This 



This species has a near affinity with Statice sinuata, but 
the calyx of the latter being of a bright blue and the corolla 
white, that has much the advantage in point of beauty. 

The Catalogues of the Italian gardens, which serve to 
show the dates of its cultivation there, are quoted on the 
sole authority of Mr. Webb. 

Native of Egypt. Communicated by P. B. Webb, Esq. 
by whom it was introduced into this country. 



Y.236*. 




Hcll,/"fcrK., WiMjp^A £., UB22. 






( 2364 ) 
Ardisia paniculata. Panicled Ardisia. 

Class and Order. 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-partitus. Cor. hypocrateriformis : limbo reflexo. 
Anther <B magnae, erectae. Stigma simplex. Drupa supera, 
1-sperma. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Ardisia paniculata ; fruticosa, foliis cuneato-oblongis sub- 
sessilibus integerrimis reflexis, paniculis terminalibus 
ovalibus alterne decompositis. Bot. Reg. 638. Roxb. 
.fior. lnd. Mscr. 



This species of Ardisia is probably the finest of the 
whole genus, growing into a small tree, with large reflexed 
foliage, and bearing oval-shaped panicles of rose-coloured 
flowers at the extremities of the branches. These remain 
a long time in bud, and are perhaps handsomer in that 
state than when the flowers are fully expanded, being of a 
more intense colour before, than after, expansion. Like 
most of the genus, as we are informed by Dr. Roxburgh, 
it continues covered for a great part of the year with 
blossom and fruit at the same time. 

We have never seen this plant any where but in the 
collection of the Comtesse de Vandes, at Bayeswater, where 
it came into flower for the first time in March last. 

Native of Chittagong in the East Indies. Requires to 
be kept constantly in the stove. 



The separate figures represent, 



1. The Calyx. 

y The Corolla and Anthers; the former not thoroughly expanded. 

:J - The Germen and Style. 

'*• Anther attached to a segment of the corolla. 



N.2365. 




( 2365 ) 

Elichrysum proliferum. Proliferous 
Everlasting. 

Class and Order. 
Syngenesia Polygamia Superflua. 

Generic Character. 

Recept* nudum. Pappus pilosus vel plumosus. Cat. im- 
bricatus, radiatus : radio colorato. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Elichrysum proliferum; fruticosum, ramosum, difFusum, 
proliferum,, foliis subrotundo-ovatis glabris convexis 
arete imbrieatis, floribus sessilibus. Willd. Sp. PL 3. 
p. 1905. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 5. p. 22. 

Elichrysum proliferum; caule ramosissimo argenteo-tomen- 
toso, ramo omni ramusculis crebris foliatura obesa mi- 
nuta loricatis obsito. Bot. Reg. 21. 

Aeranthemum proliferum; caule fruticoso prolifero, flori- 
bus sessilibus., foliis granulato-subrotundis imbricatis 
obsoletis. Sp. PL 1202. Berg. Cap. 272. Lam. En- 
cycl. 3. p. 237. n. 8. Bot. Repos. 374. 

Aeranthemum africanum, imis Gnaphalii foliis, supernis ve- 
ro cupressinis teretifoliis, flore maximo Persicae colore. 
Pluk. Amalth. 213. t. 449. f. 4. 

Elichrysum abrotani feminae foliis. Breyn. Prodr. II. 28. 
L 17. /. 1. Seb. Thes. 2. t. 89. / 6. quoad figuram. 

v.'Arlina Xeranthemoides africana, abrotani feminae foliis. 
Breyn. Prodr. I. p. 20. 

Urduus Xeranthemos. Raj. Suppl. 198. 



" he beauty of the flowers, in the general sense of the 
w °rd, consists in the whole genus in the rays of the Calyx, 
w «ieh are persistent and variously coloured. In the pre- 
sent species the rays are of a bright crimson, especially on 

the 



the outside, on which acount, their brilliancy is seen to the 
greatest advantage before the flower is fully expanded. 
But those who have seen the flowers of Elichrysum eximium 
will hardly agree with Breynius in calling it the Queen of 
all syngenesious plants, an expression by which he pro- 
bably meant to flatter Mynheer Huydekooper, who first 
introduced it into the European gardens. As an everlasting 
flower however, for dried bouquets, it certainly stands 
very high. The shrub is very remarkable too for its foli- 
age, if foliage it can be called, which LinNjEUS himself 
was at a loss whether he should call branchlets or leaves ; 
we should consider them, as the former, clothed with 
minute imbricated leaves. The whole of the stems are 
covered with a white cottony tomentum. 

Native of the Cape of Good Hope. Introduced in 1789. 
Flowers all the Summer. Requires to be kept in the most 
airy part of the greenhouse, being, like all cottony plants, 
very liable to be injured by damps. 



N.Z3. 



ou. 




( 2366 ) 

Thunbergia grandiflora. Blue-flowered 
Thunbergia. 

Class and Order. 

DlDYNAMlA ANGIOSPERMIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. duplex ; exterior Spatha diphylla : interior 12- 
entata, nunc deficiens. Cor. tubulosa : limbo subregulari. 
laps, globosa, rostrata, 2-locularis, 2-valvis. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Thunbergia grandiflora; perennis, scandens, foliis angu- 
loso-cordatis, calyce interiore nullo, antheris barbatis 
calcaratis. Roxb. Fl. Ind. Or. inedita. Bot. Reg. 495. 



Descr. Stem climbing shrubby. Leaves opposite pe- 
tioled, angular-cordate. Calyx a two valved spathe ; 
valves ovate, roughened with small black points, oblique, 
with the upper margins straight, and closely applied to 
one another, sometimes slightly coherent ; lower margins 
rounded, separate. Corolla Large, bright blue, streaked. 
Tube conical, contracted upwards, then largely dilated 
into a bell -shaped faux, vaulted on the upper side, 
and convex on the lower : Limb 5-lobed : lobes rounded, 
spreading, two upper ones erect : lower one somewhat the 
largest. Stamens 4 : longer pair much curved at the bot- 
tom : shorter pair compressed, gibbous. Anthers oblong, 
bearded, spurred. Germen superior, conical, seated on a 
tabulated annular disk : Style the length of the stamens : 
Stigma concave. 

Native of Bengal, growing in uncultivated places, in 
the neighbourhood of Calcutta, and* flowering in the rainy 
season. Requires to be kept in the stove. May be pro- 
pagated by cuttings. 

Our drawing of this beautiful plant was taken at 
Haringay House, the seat of Edward Gray, Esq. in whose 
stove it grows luxuriantly, and flowers freelv. 




E?36l 



( 2367 ) 

justicia pedunculosa. long-stalked 
American Justicia. 

******************* 

Class and Order. 

DlANDRIA MoNOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. simplex vel duplex. Cor. irregularis vel subregu- 
laris. Caps. 2-valvis., 2-locularis : dissepimentum valvis 
contrarium : retinaculis seminum uncinulatis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

* Calyce simplici, corollis bilabiatis ; labiis divisis ; 
B. Dianthene. 

Justicia pedunculosa ; spicis axillaribus, floribus confertis, 

pedunculis elongatis alternis, foliis lanceolatis. Roem. 

et. Sch. Syst. Veg. 1. p. 154. Pursk. FL Amer. Sept. 

1. p. 13. Nuttall Gen. 1. p. 11. 
Justicia americana ; cum charactere jam citato. Vahl. 

Symb. 2. p. Ib.—Enum. 1. p. 140. Willd. Sp. PL 1. 

p. 92. Hort. Kern. ed. alt. 1 . p. 38. 
Justicia pedunculosa ; herbacea, caulibus erectis simpli- 

cissimis ; foliis erectis lineari-lanceolatis utrinque an- 

gustato-acutis, spicis alternis longissime pedunculatis 

conferte paucifloris. Michaux Fl. Bor. Am. 1. p. 7. 
Justicia linearifolia. Lam. Encycl. n. 40. — Suppl. n. 45. — 

lllustr. n. 52. 
Dianthera americana ; spicis solitariis alternis. Lin. Syst. 

Veg. 63. 
Dianthera ensiformis. Walt. FL Carol, p. 63. 
^Ratiol^ affinis noridana, floribus et capsulis in spica brevi 

longis pedunculis e foliorum alis prodeuntibus innixis. 

Pluk. Amalth. p. 114. t. 423. /. 5. 



Justicia belongs to the natural order of Acanthacece. 
In several of the species, the two cells of the Anthers are 

distinct, 



distinct, one being' placed above the other on the same fila- 
ment, or each filament bears two one-celled Anthers; 
and upon this ground, Linnjeus established his genus 
Dianthera. But, it has been found, that this separation 
of the cells of the anthers takes place so very partially, that 
it is not ib many cases possible to draw the line, on which 
account both genera have been again united. Jussieu, in 
the 9th volume of the Annates du Museum, has divided 
this too extensive genus, from the different form and mode 
of bursting of the capsules; by which he separated a 
portion of the species under the name of Dicliptera, which 
division has been adopted by Roemer and Schultes in 
their 8uste?na Vegetabilium. The very great number of the 
species certainly makes a division much wanted ; but it 
would be desirable that characters should be found in some 
measure independent of the capsules, as these are so rarely 
perfected by plants under cultivation. 

The species here figured has been generally known by 
the name of americana ; but, as there are other North- 
American species, and Michaux's name of pedunculosa has 
been adopted by Pursh and Nuttall, and by the authors 
of the new Systema Vegetabilium, we have thought it 
better to use one so appropriate, than one not exclusively 
applicable. 

Except Plukenet's figure, no representation of this spe- 
cies has been before published. 

Native of North America, growing in bays and slow- 
flowing waters of the rivers St. Laurence, Oswego, Ohio, 
Kenhaway, &c. When once established in standing water, 
increases freely by its creeping roots, and resists our 
winters very well ; being in its native climate subjected to 
much severer cold. No other species in the whole genus 
has been hitherto cultivated in this country in open air. 

Our drawing was made from specimens communicated 
by Mr. Robert Brown, from Lady Banks's garden at 
Spring-Grove, where it has been long cultivated. 



The separate figures represent, 
1. The Corolla. 2. The Calyx. 



I.23SS. 




■ tir.Xtt 



.Pui.Sv t- bvtLr ?fT^hra-r0r,H icli&22 . 



( 2368 ) 

RlBES MULTIFLORUM. LONG SPIKED CURRANT. 

***************** 

Class and Order. 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Petala 5. et Stamina calyci inserta. Stylus bifidus. Bacca 
polysperma infera. 

Specific Character. 

Ribes multiflorum ; foliis quinquelobis cordatis subtus 

tomentosis, racemis longissimis cernuis, staminibus 

calyce rotundato longioribus. 
Ribes multi/lorum; racemis spicatis pendulis, petalis ob- 

longis, bracteis flore brevioribus. Schultes Syst. Veg. 

5. p. 493. ex Kitaibel. 



Descr. Stem erect. Leaves 5-lobed, cordate, crenate- 
dentate, rugose, tomentose underneath. Petiole the length 
of the lamina, ciliated at the base. Racemes of flowers 
cernuous, many-flowered, 4 inches long; pedicles shorter 
than the flower : bractes shorter than pedicles, ciliated. 
Segments of the calyx rounded, reflexed, green, sometimes 
brown at the apex. Petals minute, wedge-shaped, rounded 
at the point, inserted into the sinuses of the calyx. Fila- 
ments erect, a little longer than the calyx : anthers two- 
lobed, whitish. Germen inferior, globular. Style deeply 
bifid, now and then trifid. The fruit we have not seen, as 
none came to maturity in the Fulham garden. 

The leaves smell like those of the common, and have 
none of the peculiar odour of the black currant. We see 
no reason to doubt our plant being the same species as 
described by Schultes, though he seemed to think that 
bis plant might be the same with spicatum of Robson, from 
which ours diners not only in the long cernuous racemes 

but 



hut particularly in the length of the stamens, anil the deep 
divisionof the style; in both which characters, it seems also 
to differ from all the other European species. 

Schultes received specimens of his midtijlora from 
M. Kitaibel, who found it in Croatia. He describes the 
petioles as being the length of the leaves (2 J inches) and 
hairy ; the width of the leaves frequently exceeding the 
length ; the pedicles of the lower flowers as long as the 
reflexed calyx ; the filaments capillary, smooth, and some- 
thing longer than the calyx ; characters which agree well 
with our plant, but not at all with spicatum. Our plant 
was introduced by Mr. Howe, who writes that "he found it 
near the iron foundery between Brzaza and Ludwikuwka, 
and on the extensive mountainous estate of his much re- 
spected friend M. de Mat&owski, a benevolent encourager 
of the arts, at the foot of the Gurgulat, on the chain of tiie 
Carpathian mountains, and in some other places ; but it is 
found only on the northern aspect of high mountains, 
above the first region, but where the Hazel and Sambucus 
racemosa are still scattered." He never could find the fruit; 
which he attributes, to the numerous birds of passage that 
cross these mountains towards Greece at the season the 
fruit is ripe. 

Mr. Howe saw the same, or a nearly related species, in 
Dr. Hosts' garden in Vienna, which he was informed came 
from Hungary. This was probably Kitaibel's plant. 

Communicated by Messrs. Whitley and Co. of the Ful- 
ham nursery, where it flowered freely in the open ground, 
iii May last, but produced no fruit. May be propagated 
by cuttings, and seems to require no particular care. 



The separate figures represent , 

led and displayed, to show the 

•2. The germen with a trifid style, but which is more usually bifid. 



1. A flower opened and displayed, to show the insertion of the petals 
and .stamens. 



Izw. 




rtiljj iL 



nr^jdin 



Aloe acinacifolia. Great scymitar- 
leaved Aloe. 

Class and Order. 

Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. erecta, ore patulo, fundo nectarifero. Filamenta 
receptaculo inserta. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Aloe acinacifolia ; acaulis, foliis distichis acinaciformibus, 
augulis cartilagineis aculeatis, floribus racernosis pen- 
dulis. Jacq. Eclog. t. 31 . 

Aloe acinacifolia; foliis erecto-patulis, latiusculis, spiraliter 
distichis, ingequaliter triquetris, acinaciformibus, su- 
perne concaviusculis, subtus convexis, apice acutis; 
atroviridibus, albido-serialiter-maculatis glaberrimis, 
nitidis ; margine interrupts cartilagineis, basi integer- 
rimis, apice denticulatis. Pr. de Sal?n. Dyck. Cat. 
Rais. 23. 

Gasteria acinacifolia. Haworth Suppl. PL Succul. p. 49. 



, The genus Aloe has by some botanists been separated 

into four genera, viz. Aloe, Gasteria, Haworthia, and 

Apicra ; but, as this separation has not been adopted in 

the Hortus Kewensis, and we have not studied the subject 

sufficiently to judge of its accuracy, we prefer preserving 

|he original genus; although the great difference in the 

abit of many of the species, renders it. very probable 

that such a division may be made with propriety and 

a d vantage. 

The present species belongs to Gasteria of Duval and 

iaworth, to the section curviflorte of the Prince de Salm 

{? Yc *j and to the second section of Aloe in the Hortus 

e Wensi8 (corollia curvatis basi ventricosis). 

Our 



Our drawing was taken, in July 1821, from a plant, 
perhaps the only one that has flowered in England, in the 
collection of Mr. Hitchin, in Norwich. The leaves were 
nearly two feet long, the scape three feet and a half, two 
feet of the upper part of which were covered with the pen- 
dulous flowers, an inch and half long, curved, ventricose 
a little above the base. 

Native of the Cape of Good Hope. Requires to be 
kept in the greenhouse or dry-stove in the Winter months. 



The outline figure is a diminished representation of the whole plant ; 
the coloured figures of a .part of the raceme of flowers, and the superior 
portion of a leaf. 



Nzzio. 




hib.'b'j.f.CuTbu .yfahfsrtK.Janll&U . 



( 2370 ) 
Sedum spurium. Bastard Sedum. 

Class and Order. 
Decandria Pentagynia. 

Generic Character. 

Col. 5-fidus. Cor. 5-petala. Squama nectariferae 5, ad 
basin germinis. Caps. 5. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Sedum spurium; foliis cuneiformi-obovatis antice crenatis 
pubescentibus ciliatis ; radicalibus fasciculatis, corym- 
bo composite, petalis lanceolatis. Fl. Taur. Cauc. 1 . 
p. 352. et 3. p. 312. 

Sedum spurium; foliis subrotundo-obovatis planis basi 
cuneatis apice crenatis margine cartilagineo-muricatis, 
caulibus repentibus, ramis floriferis erectis, cyma diva- 
ricata. Wittd. Enum. p. 484. 

Amacampseros ciliaris. Haworth Succul. p. 112? 

Anacampseros minor repens flore purpureo. Buxb. Cent. 5. 
p. 33. L61./.2. 

Sedum hybridum 3 spurium, and ibericum appear to be 
v ery nearly allied, and all belong to the first section of the 
genus, the Planifolia, Anacampseros of Ray and Tourne- 
*°Rt, as well as Haworth ; but the first is described by 
Lamarck, as having yellow flowers. Ibericum of Steven 
*nd spurium may perhaps be mere varieties of each other ; 
D t Ut in ibericum the cauline leaves are described as oppo- 
se, and the margins roughish, but not ciliated ; differing 
from our plant in the former character, and agreeing with 
Jt in the latter; in which the leaves were only slightly 
roughened with a cartilaginous margin, and could not be 
said to be ciliated. 

Marschall v. Bieberstein has remarked the great simi- 
larity of Sedum spurium to the Crassula crenata of Des- 

fontau 



Fontaines in the Annates du Museum, v. 11. p. 445. t. 46. 
which certainly very much resembles our plant, except in 
the number of stamens being only five, in the cauline 
leaves being opposite, and in the colour of the flowers, 
which are described as white. 

Though our plant does not correspond with the specific 
character, in the single circumstance of the leaves not 
having ciliated margins., we do not hesitate to refer it to 
Sedum spurium ; the more especially, as it agrees well with 
the figure quoted from Buxbaum, and bears the strong 
resemblance to Crassula crenata of Desfontaines insisted 
on by Marschall. 

Sedum spurium does not occur in the last edition of 
Aiton's Hortus Kewensis. Native of Caucasus ; growing' 
on the rocks about the hot springs of the Constantine 
mountain, and abundantly near the summit of Mount 
Beschtan. A hardy perennial, well adapted to ornament 
rock-work. Communicated last October from the Botanic 
Garden at Bury St. Edmunds, by N. Hodson, Esq. 



N2311. 



$L 




PxJ>.by.S.L^Kr Vl^UaTai.T*.-^ llii] 



( 2371 ) 

Cistus Barrelieri. Rosemary-leaved 

Cistus. 

Class and Order} 

POLYANDRIA MoNOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. 5-petala. Cal. 5-phyllus : foliolis duobus minori- 
bus. Capsula. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

***** Stipulati suffruticosi. 

Cistus Barrelieri; fruticulosus, foliis oppositis lanceolato- 
linearibus margine revolutis mucronulatis, stipulis 
binis subulatis, racemis terminalibus, corollis calycc 
angulato majoribus. 

Helianthemum Barrelieri; sufFruticosum, stipulatum, cau- 
libus rigidis erectis, foliis confertis lanceolato-linearibus 
revolutis obtusis villosis, pedunculis villosis, petalis 
calyce majoribus. Tenor e prodromo della Flora Napo- 
litana, p. xxxj. Synops. nov. plant, p. 47. 

Helianthemum Barrelieri. Gussone Cat. Hort.Duc. Calabr. 

Chamjscistus luteus imis serpilli foliis. Barrel, ic. 440. 
Obs. 522. 

Cham^icistus luteus Thyrni foliis, polyanthos, seu major. 
lb. 443 ? 



. Willdenow has observed that the history of this genus 
is above all others obscure ; but which might, he says, be 
elucidated, if those botanists who have an opportunity of 
examining the living plants would determine the following 
characters in each species : — 

*« Whether the trunk is arborescent, fruticose, sufFruti- 
cose, annual or perennial. 

5' Whether the stems are erect or decumbent. 

3. Leaves 



3. Leaves opposite or alternate, and of what form. 

4. Stipules two or none. 

5. Peduncles one-or many-flowered, and with or without 
bractes. 

6. Shape of petals. 

7. Capsules 5-celled or 3-valved. 

8. Calyx equal or unequal. 

Cistus Barrelieri is an upright small branched shrub, 
with opposite linear-lanceolate, revolute leaves, not unlike 
those of Rosemary, by no means crowded together, or in 
fascicles, terminated with a very small mucro; short petioles 
with two small, erect, subulate stipules to each. The 
branches end in a raceme of a few yellow flowers on 
longish footstalks, red at the lower part, and after the 
flowering is over, much reflected with a single small oval 
bracte at the base of each. Calyx oval, pointed, the two 
outer leaflets small, spreading, green, and might be called 
bractes rather than parts of the calyx ; the three inner ones 
connivent, reddish, and persistent ; with the ciliate nerves 
so raised, as to make the calyx appear angular. Petals 
rounded, not emarginate. Stamens not half the length 
of the petals. Style the length of the stamens : stigma 
capitate. 

Linn^us united Tournefort's genera Cistus and He- 
lianthemum. Jussieu and most modern botanists have 
again separated them, but as they remain united in the 
Hortus Kewensis, and we have already published some 
species of Helianthemum under the name of Cistus, we 
still continue the Linnean appellation, contenting ourselves 
with the sections into which the genus is divided ; if they 
are to be separated, this species will belong to Helianthe- 
mum. 

The synonymy is particularly difficult to be ascertained. 
Tenore quotes tab. 443 of Barrelier; but tab. 440 of the 
same author is certainly much more like our plant, which 
we have therefore quoted, adding the former as dubious. 

We are indebted for the communication of this plant, 
and generally for the synonymy, to P. B. Webb, Esq. who 
raised it from seeds given him by Professor Pineo of 
Palermo, author of a Pugillus rariorum plantarum Sicilian 
and is doubtless Tenore's species. It is distinguished from 
some other nearly allied species, chiefly by its upright 

Native of the island of Capri in the Bay of Naples, and 
of Basihcata. It will probably require to be protected 
trom frost. Flowers in September and October. 



V 




12m, 




nlA ix/o yd fojT 2372 ) 

LOASA NITIDA, SlUNING-LEAVED L.OASA. 

iinHi no* n no moo 6 ^pl 

***************** 

»iaoiMf e)i V>1<? vmuIsw 

CZass cnrf Or<i&\ 
■ijdtiiif 

PoLYANDRIA MoNOGYNIA. 

i 

Generic Character. 

Cat. superus, 5-fidus. Petala 5, cucullata, Nectaria 
5, squamaeformia, petalis alternantia. Stam. numerosa, 
in fasciculos 5, petalis oppositos, digesta. Caps, infera, 
s. semiinfera, apice 3-valvis, polysperma : Recept. 3, pa- 
rietalia. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Loasa nitida ; prostrata, foliis cordato-lobatis dentatis supra 
nitidis; superioribus sessilibus, pedunculis axillaribus. 
Lam. EncycL 3. p. 581. Juss. in Annates du Mus. 5. 
p. 25. t. 2. / 2. Willd. Sp. PL 2. p. 1177. 



The genus Loasa first occurs in Adanson's Families des 
Plantes ; but the characters were better ascertained by 
Jacquin in his Observationes Botanicae ; from whose autho- 
rity only, it appears to have been inserted into the twelfth 
edition of Linnjgus's Systema Naturae, where the ortho- 
graphy is changed to Loosa, perhaps by an error o( the 
press only ; but continued in the future editions, and by 
Schreber in his Genera Plantarum ; the original spelling is, 
however, restored by Jussieu, Lamarck, and Willdenow. 
The name is supposed to have been given by Adanson, in 
honour of some unknown Spanish botanist. 

The genus was at first added by Jussieu to his natural 
order of Onagrce; but has been since raised by him into a 
separate family, under the name of Loaseje, containing, 
besides the present genus, only Mentzelia, its near affinity 
^ith which was remarked by Jacquin. 

Our 



Our plant, which was communicated by our kind friend 
Mr. Walker, appears to be * different species from 
the one published in the Botanical Register, No. 667, 
under the name of Loasa tricolor. By a comparison both 
with the figure and description of nUida in the Annales 
above quoted, and with a specimen preserved in the Lam- 
bertian Herbarium, we have very little doubt of its belong- 
ing to that species. It is particularly remarkable for the 
dark shining green colour of the upper surface of the leaves. 
The whole genus has probably more or less of the sting- 
ing quality of the common nettle. Of the virulence of the 
present species we have ourselves had personal experience, 
the effects of a puncture at the end of the thumb being 
felt, not continually indeed, but at intervals, especially on 
first rising in the morning, for six days. The sensation was 
chiefly a burning heat in the part, not accompanied with 
the intolerable itching that sometimes follows the sting of 
a nettle. A tender annual. Propagated by seeds which 
should be sown on a hot-bed in the Spring. Native of 
Lima, in Peru, according to Dombev, where it grows among 
the rocks. Mr. Walker raised it from seeds received from 
Chili. 



V¥Z373. 




-TTtSM- 



( 2373 ) 

Nemophila phacelioides. Arkansian 
Nemophila. 

■fc jfa •&• A iVm sir. A". &m i fjf! A^rn &. &. &. &. &. &. Mm &. &. &. 

4» 4» *P W ™ -r* W ™ »i* W Vf» VJ» *iS *K -r- <r» VT« •<*> M> <f>i 

CZ«ss <mrf Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. inferus, persistens, 10-fidus : laciniis alternis re- 
flexis. Cor. campanulata, 5-loba : lobis emarginatis. 
Nectarium foveolse 10 ad marginem faucis. Stam. brevia. 
Antherce lunatas. Caps, unilocularis. Sent. 4, unum supra 
alterum receptaculis duobus parietalibus inserta. 

Specific Name and Synonym. 
Nemophila phacelioides. Barton Fl. Americ. 61. 



Descr. Root biennial. Stem succulent, procumbent, 
branched. Leaves alternate, pinnatifid : segments obtuse, 
^lightly scabrous, margins minutely ciliate; lower ones 
"stant, irregularly lobed. Peduncles solitary, rounded, 
^He-flowered, longer than the leaf, in our plant axillary 
opposed to the leaf according to Barton). Calyx persis- 
j*nt, inferior, 10-cleft; segments ovate, acute, ciliate: 5 
; a rger erect, 5 smaller reflexed Corolla campanulate: 
! *mh s 5-cleft : laciniae obtuse, emarginate. Stamens 5, 
["Uch shorter than the corolla : filaments naked inserted 
J nto the short tube of the corolla : Anthers lunular. Nec- 
taT y 10 small purple coloured hollows with a pubescent 
mar gin, surrounding the mouth of the tube ; but we did 
J5°t observe any hollows at the insertion of the filaments. 
Mermen round-oval. Style erect. Stigma bifid. Capsule 
°ne«celled, with two parietal fleshy receptacles affixed by a 
0n gitudinal dorsal axis only, the sides being unconnected, 

each 



each bearing on its internal surface, two oval seeds, one 
above the other. By abortion one or two of the seeds are 
sometimes wanting. ; / 

Not having ourselves sufficiently examined the germen 
and capsule, we are indebted to our friend Mr. Robert 
Brown, for our account of this organ*. This celebrated 
botanist, in his invaluable prodromus, speaking of the 
natural order of Boraginee of Jussieu, has remarked, that 
the capsular genera Hydrophtllum, Phacelia, and Ellisia 
laid the foundation of a distinct order, to be separated from 
the Boraginea, on account of their copiaus, cartilagineous 
albumen, and deeply lobed leaves, to which he has since, 
in the Botanical Register, given the name of HydrophyUea. 

Professor Schrader, ten years after the publication of the 
prodromus, in a paper in the Gottingen Commentaries, has 
published this natural order, with the same characters, 
having only given a slight reference to Mr. Brown's obser- 
vation. To this new order of| Hydrophyllece NEMOPHUi 
will add another genus ; being nearly related to the above 
genera, more especially to Ellisia. 

The name we have adopted was given it by Mr. Nut- 
tall, from its predilection tor shady woods, in which places 
only it is found. It appears by Mr. Barton's account to 
be a hardy biennial, the seeds coming up in the auturrm, 
and the seedling plants enduring the winters of Philadelphia, 
and flowering in the Spring. 

This very rare plant, now probably for the first time 
seen in Europe, was raised from seeds received from North 
America by John Walker, Esq at his seat, at Souths 
and communicated in flower in October last. 



* Ovarium uniloculare, placentis duabus parietalibug dispermis, °! ] 
distantibus. Capsula unilocularis, placentis carnosis, axi iongitu* 05 ' 
dorsali atiixis, caiterum solutis, superficie ventrali seminiferis. Brow* "*' 



I23U. 







( 2374 ) 

ACHANIA MOLLIS, 0t. LoBED-LEAVED WOOLLY 

AciIANIA. 

*J[l VK VJ»* VJi , /J." '/p Vff *<J»" 'Jtf Vf» VfT '/J.' 'Jf! Vfr Vt> Vf» 7f? /f» 

C/ass «wrf Order. 

MoNADELPHIA PoLYANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. duplex : exterior polyphyllus. Cor. convoluto-clausa. 

Stigmata 10. Bacca 5-sperma. 

i 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Achania mollis ; foliis tomentosis, foliolis calycis exterioris 

patulis. Hort. Keio. ed. l ma 2. p. 459.— erf. TI da 4. 

p. 233. JF^d. Sp. PL 3. p. 839. Pers. Syn. 2. £. 

259. Bot. Repos. 452. Thomps. Bot. displ. t. 5. 

Bo*, i&g. 11. 
Malvaviscus mollis. Lam. Encycl. 4. p. 1. 
(*•) foliis lobatis. Uo£. i&g. Z. c. 
(P-) foliis indivisis. Thomps. Bot. displ. I. c. 



At No. 2305 of this work we have given a figure of 
Achania Malvaviscus, with which Achania mollis agrees 
v ery much in form and habit; but is at once distinguished 
by the soft woolliness of its leaves, so different from the 
r pugh feel of the former. There are said to be two varie- 
ties of this species, one with entire, the other with undivided 
•eaves ; but, we doubt, whether such difference* are per- 
manent, leaves of both, and intermediate forms, sometimes 
°ecurring on the same plant. 

These plants very rarely produce fruit, as cultivated in 
°ur stoves; so that we were particularly gratified on 
Receiving specimens both in flower and with ripe fruit 
from our friend Mr. Walker. 

The berry of Achania Malvaviscus is represented by 
Professor Swartz, in his Flora lndica, as having a smooth 

surface, 



surface, internally divided into five one-seeded cells, and is 
described to be of a yellow colour. In our plant the berry 
is remarkably different; being composed of five distinct, 
though coherent seeds, covered by a pulpy substance, with 
a scarlet external covering. 

Professor Swabtz gave the name of Achania to this 
genus, derived from the word ax«m, not gaping, because 
the flowers never expand. 

Native of South America and the West India islands, 
and requires to be kept in the stove. Propagated by 
cuttings. Flowers in August, September, and October. 



Xzjjj. 




Puiljf. Uu-Us Xj 'two 7-th JanllSSy. 



( 2375 ) 

Hypericum uralum. Myrtle-leaved 
St. John's-wort. 

***************** 

Class and Order. 

POLYADELPHIA PoLYANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-partitus. Petala 5. Filamenta in 5 phalanges 
basi connata. Capsula supera. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Hypericum uralum, fruticosum, 5-gynum ; foliis ellipticis 
mucronulatis glabris nitidis, floribus terminalibus sub- 
corymbosis, foliolis calycinis ovalibus obtusissimis, pe- 
talis limbo orbicularis, ramis ancipitibus. Don Mss. 

Hypericum uralum. Hamilton Mss. 



Descr. Stem shrubby, upright, branched, round, from 
a foot and a half to two feet high, covered with a rough 
brownish bark. Branches numerous, spreading, two-edged ; 
the younger ones purplish. Leaves oval, or oval oblong, 
opposite, spreading, sessile, mucronulate, smooth, green 
on both sides, shining above, an inch or more in length, 
and frequently half an inch in breadth. Peduncles cylin- 
drical, 1 -flowered, 3 or 5 together, arising from the summits 
of the branches, smooth, and furnished with one or more 
pairs of lanceolate acute bractete. Flowers large, golden, 
about an inch in diameter. Leafits of the calyx oval, 
smooth, entire, rounded at the top. Petals nearly or- 
bicular, oblique at the base, with the inner margin un- 
equal, twice longer than the calyx. Stamens numerous, 
collected at the base into 5 bundles, half the length of the 
petals. Styles 5, erect, shorter than the stamens. Stigmas 
r ecuryed, spreading. 

This elegant species of Hypericum is a native of Upper 
Nepal, where it was first discovered by Dr. Francis 

Hamilton 



Hamilton (formerly Buchanan). It has also been found 
in that country by Dr. Wallich's collectors. 

I was at first inclined to consider it the same as the 
Hypericum patulum of Thunberg's Flora Japonica; but an 
examination of specimens of that plant in the Lambertian 
Herbarium proves them to be different. Thunberg's plant 
has cylindrical branches,, the leaves ferrugineous under- 
neath with their margins revolute, and the stamens shorter 
than the styles. The specific name of our plant is derived 
from Urala Swa, an appellation by which it is known to 
the Nawars, or original natives of Nepal. The substantive 
Swa, in the Nawar tongue, signifies a flower. Don. 

This very handsome and seemingly hardy shrub, for 
the above account of which we are indebted to Mr. David 
Don, was communicated in October last, by Messrs. Whit- 
ley, Brame, and Milne, of the Fulham Nursery, who 
raised it from Nepal seeds. 





N&16. 




( 2376 ) 

GUNNERA PERPENSA. CAPE GuNNERA. 

&, •'j'm &. ifr. &m A ■*1 > « jtfm ■ s t'. .*fc ■ s t'. ."K A A ifc .'1 / . .'j 1 '. 

'■Hf 1? <t> W <f» <K W ™ W ™ ™ <t* V Vr» vs» w 

Class and Order. 

Diandria Digynia. — Vahl. Gynandria Diandria. — Lin. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. 0. Cat. 2-dentatus. Sem. unum, crusta calicina 
corticatum. Lam. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Gunnera perpensa ; foliis reniformibus dentatis scapo fruc- 

tifero brevioribus, scapo petiolisque laevibus. Lin. 

Mant. 121. Vahl Enum. I. p. 308. Willd. Sp. PL 4. 

p. 148. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 5. p. %23. Persoon Syn. 

1. p. 30. 
Gunnera perpensa; scapis fructiferis foliis altioribus, racemo 

laxiusculo. Lam. Encycl. 3. p 61. 
Perpensum blitispermum. Burm. Prodr. Cap. 26. 
Pesasites africanus, calthae palustris folio. Herm. Lugdb. 

488. 
Blitum africanum, calthae palustris folio, caule nudo cubi- 

tali spicam pedalem sustinente. Pluk. Aim. 68. t. 18. 

/12. 



Botanists have not been at all agreed under what class 
hi the sexual system to arrange this plant. Linn^ius, fol- 
lowed by Willdenow and the Hortus Kewensis, placed it 
jn Gynandria; Thunberg, Vahl, and Persoon in Diandria; 
Lamarck, in Diozcia ; our individual specimen, as was 
observed to us by Mr. Kent, certainly belongs to Moncecia. 
The American species, which have not been introduced into 
our gardens, may not belong to the same genus, or, if they 
do, may, like some other genera of the natural order of 
Crticarice, to which Gunnera belongs, be one dioecious, 
another monoecious, and a third hermaphrodite, or poly- 
gamous. 

Magnified 



Magnified representations of both a male and female 
flower are given with our figure. 

Communicated by Mr. Kent, late of Clapton, from his 
neighbour Mr. Chater's garden. Native of the Cape of 
Good Hope, and best treated as a tender aquatic. 







Rmi. 




Tuh.T g .f.C t *rbij.Vr*2*nTdi.Ta».liS 



( 2377 ) 

Geranium Wallichianum. Wallich's 
Crane's-bill. 

Class and Order. 

MoNADELPHIA DeCANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-phyllus. Cor. 5-petala, regularis. Nect. glandule 
o, melliferae, basi longiorum filamentorum adnata?. Arilli 5, 
monospermy aristati, ad basin receptaculi rostrati ; aristis 
nudis sirnplicibus, (nee spiralibus, nee barbatis). 

Specific Character and Synonym. 
** Pedunculis bijloris, perennia. 

Geranium Wallichianum; pedunculis elongatis bifloris, 
foliis 5-lobis utrinque cauleque sericeo-villosis : seg- 
ments late cuneato-ovatis inciso-dentatis, stipulis late 
ovalibus obtusis, caule adscendente angulato. Don.Mss. 

Geranium Wallichianum. Don in Sweet's Geraniacece t. 90. 



Descr. Root perennial, caespitose. Stems many, as- 
cending, angular, purplish, nearly simple, from a span to 
two feet high, which, together with the whole plant, are 
thickly cloathed with soft villous hairs. Leaves cordate, 
5-lobed, hoary and silky, especially underneath ; the 
radical ones on very long nearly filiform petioles, those 
°1 the stem opposite, on shorter petioles, of which the 
uppermost are only 3-lobed. Peduncles long, axillary, 
cylindrical, 2-, rarely 3-flowered, twice longer than the 
leaves. Pedicels furnished at the base, with 2 small bifid 
(rarely trifid) bractes. Leafits of the calyx lanceolate- 
oblong, nerved, ending in an awl-shaped point. Petals 
broad, obcordate, purple, marked with numerous dark 

veins. 



veins. Stamens and Pistills black. Filaments and Styles 
very hairy. Stigmas long, filiform, smooth, revolute. 

A showy species, not inferior in beauty to G. Iberkum. 
Native of Gosainsthan, one of the snowy peaks of the Hima- 
laya or Emodus, the loftiest chain of the Nepalese Alps, 
which may be j ustly regarded as the Cordilleras of the ancient 
continent. It has been raised in several of the collections 
in the vicinity of the metropolis from seeds sent by Dr. 
Wallich, by whose collectors it was first gathered. It 
appears to be perfectly hardy, and promises to be a valuable 
acquisition to our flower borders. I have been induced, 
from an examination of recent specimens, to make some 
little alteration in the specific definition given by me in 
Mr. Sweet's Geraniacecs. The form of the stipules is an 
important character in this tribe of vegetables. Don. 

We are indebted for the above account of this interesting 
species to Mr. David Don. Our drawing was made from 
a specimen, communicated by our friend Alexander 
Macleay, Esq. secretary to the Linnean Society, who 
raised it in his garden at Tilbuster Lodge, near Godstone, 
from seeds sent him by Dr. Willich. 



jYj378. 




*,j.Wu~ht,, rth .TA.118&. 



( 2378 ) 

Hedychium flavum. Yellow Garland- 
flower. 

Class and Order. 

MONANDRIA MoNOGYNIA, 

Generic Character. 

Anthera duplex. Filam. genieulatum, extra antheram 
aon elongatum. Stylus filamento longior, filiformis, tena- 
-issimus, in sulco antheres receptus. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Hedychium flavum / foliis elliptico-lanceolatis apice elon- 
gatis subtus pubescentibus, corollae laeiniis linearibus, 
labello altius retuso. 

Hedychium flavum. Wallich in Roxb. Flor. Ind. I. p. 31. 



Descr. Root tuberous. Stems erect, two or three feet 
high, rather stout. Leaves lanceolate, very fine pointed, pu- 
bescent and pale underneath (Wallich says smooth on both 
sides). Sheaths slightly pubescent, with an upright stipula 
nearly and inch and half long. Spike terminal, solitary, 
erect, oblong, imbricated, six or eight inches long. Flowers 
numerous, yellow, very fragrant. Exterior Bractes oblong, 
ovate, obtuse, concave, two-flowered. Internal Bractes 
jnuch smaller, diaphanous, involving the tube of each co- 
JHja. Calyx superior, half the length of the tube (nearly 

long. Wall.), opening obliquely, margin of the mouth 
to T (2 ~ ° r 3_toothed - Wall.). Tube of corolla slender, 

nger than the exterior bracte ; lacinice, all five linear ; the 
i? ln terior ones broader than the rest, deeper coloured, 
cin" USe ' anc * no ^ w ^hering so soon ; labellum, or sixth la- 
the / erect ' ^ r g e > obcordate. Filament linear, and, with 
t^o-lobed anther, about the length of the labellum. 

Germen 



Germen hairy, 3-celled ; ovules many. Style filiform, en- 
closed within the filament, and received in the groove within 
the lobes of the anther. Stigma exserted beyond the anther, 
funnel-shaped, with a bearded margin. 

Native of the vallies amongst the Hills near Silhet in 
Bengal, where it is called by the natives Kattia-rityam. 

Our drawing was taken from a specimen sent by the 
Hon. and Rev. William Herbert from Spofforth; who 
informs us that it is equally hardy with Hedychium corona- 
rium, and that the whole genus, as far as he has tried, will 
live through the winter in the greenhouse, or out of doors 
in front of the stove; but they require in the summer a great 
deal of water and some artificial heat to bring them into 
flower. 

Mr. Herbert transmitted another specimen, which he 
considered as the true Hedychium ftavum of the Flora In- 
dica; but we could find no specific difference whatever; 
the whole plant of the latter was smaller and of humbler 
growth ; the spike less ; the flowers smaller, and of a fuller 
yellow colour; but in the pubescence of the foliage, and all 
the other characters, we could not discover any difference, 
and are constrained to consider them as mere accidental 
varieties. 



Kv. 



-r 






( 2379 ) 

SCHIZOPETALON WALKERI. WaLKEr's 
SCHIZOPETALON. 

******************* 

Class and Order. 

Tetradynamia Siliquosa. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. cylindraceus, basi asqualis, clausus. Petala ovata in- 
ciso-pinnatifida. Stigmata gibbosa, approximata. Ccetera 
desunt. 

Specific Name. 
Schizopetalon Walkeri. 



Although we can give only a very imperfect generic 
character, yet, from the very remarkable incision of the 
petals, perhaps quite a solitary instance in the natural order 
of the crucifera, we venture to announce this curious plant, 
as a new genus of that family. 

It grows with a rather feeble, assurgent stem. Lower 
leaves four or five inches long, sinuate-pinnatifid, scabrous 
pn both sides and at the margins, distant. Peduncles ax- 
illary, solitary, but collected into a receme at the top. 
Calyx cylindrical, with an equal base, and connivent. Pe- 
tals spreading, flat, the lamina cut into regular segments. 

As we have never seen the seed vessels, even in an unripe 
state, tolerably perfect, our description must necessarily be 
v ery defective ; but as it may be very long before other 
specimens of this plant may come under our notice, we are 
unwilling to miss the opportunity of publishing it. Should 
u hereafter be found to unite with any known genus, our 
name, derived from the form of the petals, must of course 
J*? given up as a generic, but may still be retained as a 
tovial one. 

It was raised from seeds, received from Chili, by John 
Walker, Esq. and flowered in November. Is probably 
an annual or biennial. 



2Fz3so. 




( 2380 ) 

Astragalus stipitatus. Broad-stipuled 
Astragalus. 

***************** 

Class and Order. 

DlADELPHIA DECANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Legumen plerumque biloculare, gibbum. Semina bise- 
nalia. 

Specific Character. 

Astragalus stipulatus ; foliolis multijugis ovali-oblongi?. 
obovatisve mucronulatis glabris, stipulis maximis foli 
aceis, spicis tenuifloris, leguminibus compressis gla 
bris stipitatis cernuis. Don. Mss. 



Descr. Root perennial. Stems herbaceous, upright, 
rounded, smooth, striated, two to three feet high. Leaves 
remote, pinnated, five to eight inches long ; leaflets dis- 
tent, in from eight to sixteen pairs, opposite, oval-oblong 
°r obovate, on short footstalks, five to six lines long, and 
two to three broad, quite entire, bright green and smooth 
°n both sides, mucronulate; terminal one elevated on a 
jnuch longer footstalk than the rest. Stipules very large, 
leafy, broadly elliptical, obliquely cordate at the base, 
sometimes three inches long, and an inch and half wide. 
Petioles and rachis rounded, smooth, plain, and slightly 
channelled above. Spikes issuing from the axilla of the 
•eaves, many-flowered, on a straight, smooth, cylindrical 
peduncle, generally longer than the leaves. Flowers 
scattered on very short pedicels, younger ones erect, 
pder ones drooping. Bractem very small, linear, mem- 
branous, pointed, shorter than the calyx. Calyx tubular, 

smooth, 



smooth, 5-toothed, two upper teetli ovate, acute; three 
lower ones lanceolate, pointed, longer than the upper. 
Corolla greenish-white, tinged with red ; vexillum oblong, 
reflexed, obtuse, slightly notched, narrowed at the base : 
ala stipitate, widened into an oblong lanceolate pointed 
lamina, furnished towards the base, on one side, with a 
small ear-like appendage : carina cucullate, obtuse, shorter 
than the alae, biauriculate, stipitate. Pod completely two- 
celled, eight- to twelve-seeded, oblong, flattened, mucro- 
nate, smooth, drooping, stipitate at the base. 

This species of Astragalus was discovered by Dr. Francis 
Hamilton, in 1802, at Gorasan, in Upper Nepal. It has 
since been met with by Dr. Wallich's collectors on the 
Himalaya Alps. Dr. Wallich suspected it to be a new 
species of Galega ; but a careful examination proves it to 
belong decidedly to the genus in which we have placed it. 
The broad leafy stipules and the stipitate pods are the dis- 
tinguishing marks of this species. In general appearance 
it somewhat resembles the common Astragalus glycyphyllos. 
In the Lambertian Herbarium, are specimens of two other 
new species, natives of the Nepalese Alps. Don. 

This new Astragalus was raised at the Fulham nursery, 
in the spring of 1822, from seeds, given by Robert Henry 
Jenkinson, Esq. and being planted out in the open ground 
flowered in September and October. Mr. Milne informs 
us, that he thinks it will prove to be hardy. 



Fig. l. represents the p»d opened, (a) one valve, with the dissepiment 
removed to shew the seeds; (b) the dissepiment separated; (<0 the other 
valve covered by the dissepiment. 

Fig. 2. The entire pod. 




. i-u.-rti.j-. D tL. 



luh.hj.S. OurUs . Wa.Uor-tk.Ftl 11823 






( 2381 ) 

BOLTONIA GLASTIFOLIA. WoAD-LEAVED 
BOLTONIA. 

***************** 
Class and Order 

SrNGENESIA PoLYGAMIA SlJPERFLUA. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. imbricatus. Recept. favosum. Pappus setis pluri- 
bus : duabus oppositis elongatis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Boltonia glastifolia; foliis inferioribus serratis, floribus 
breviter pedunculatis, seminibus obcordatis alatis 
puberulis : aristis pappi duabus ipsorum longitudine. 
Michaux Fl. Boreali-Amer. 2. p. 132. Pursh Flor. 
Am. Sept. 2. p. 561. 

Boltonia glastifolia ; foliis inferioribus serratis. L'Herit. 
Sert. Angl. p. 27. Willd. Sp. PI. 3. p. 2163. Hort. 
Kew. ed. alt. 5. p. 101. 



We have very great doubt whether there are really two 
species of Boltonia. Nor, if there are two species, can 
we certainly determine to which our plant should be re- 
ferred, so inadequate are the descriptions given to ascertain 
the difference. If the short character adopted from 
J-^Heretier, in the Hortus Kewensis and Willdenow, can 
°e depended upon we are sure to be right; and the defi- 
Jiition given by Michaux corresponds very well ; but from 
the observation of this author, after Boltonia asteroides, he 
seems to be doubtful whether both species may not belong 
ori e and the same ; or, at least, he says, they altogether 
a ^w G * n h amt > foliation, and colour of the flowers. 

We have examined the Banksian and Lambertian herba- 
riums. 



riumSj which contain specimens referred to both species, 
without being able to satisfy ourselves of their real discri- 
mination. 

It has perhaps been owing to the difficulty of deciding 
to which species our plant belongs, that it has so commonly 
gone by the name of Boltonia Icevis in our nurseries. 

Our drawing was made from a specimen communicated 
from the Botanic Garden at Bury St. Edmunds, in Novem- 
ber last. 



riL-.DA . 




& 



Aim. 



M3}J-6url*.W»knrUi3l&113&. 



( 2382 ) 

BltODIiEA IXIOIDES. IxiA-LIKE 

Brodoea. 

Class and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. 0. Cor. infera, tubulosa, limbo sexfido, regulari ; 
corona triphylla in fauce. Caps, trilocularis, polysperma. 
Smith in Lin. Soc. Trans. 10. p. 2. 

Specific Character. 
Brodlea ixioides ; coronas foliolis subulatis. 



Descr. Root a roundish bulb-tuber. Leaves linear 
Convex on the outside, and somewhat concave within. 
Scape rounded, longer than the leaves. Spathe (or Bractes) 
two valved, erect, bearing- three or four flowers on longish 
peduncles, which come out one at a time, and are of long 
duration. Corolla tubular, inferior : tube three-sided-cylin- 
drical, green : limb deeply divided into six ovate spreading 
'acinic nearly equal, (the three inner ones rather the 
smallest) obtuse^ margins serrulate ; colour greenish, tinged 
with violet. Nectarium or crown three awl -shaped seg- 
ments, green with a dark purple point, inserted into the 
»aux of the tube opposite the internal laciniae. Anthers 
three, yellow ; sessile within the tube. Germen top-shaped, 
superior. Style short, erect. Stigma capitate. 

The genus Brodijea was first established by Sir James 
Edward Smith 3 in the tenth Volume of the Transactions 
°f the Linnean Society, where he has recorded two species, 
the grandifiora and congesta, and distinguishes the first by 
the leaflets of the corona or nectary being undivided, which 
« r e bifid in the second ; but the present species having also 

thttC 



these parts undivided, it becomes necessary to add the term 
lanceolate to the character of the former.* The president 
refers this genus to the first section of Jussieu's Narcissi, the 
Asphodelece of Brown ; with which family it agrees, in 
having the leaflets of the corona opposite to the inner 
laciniae. 

Our plant was communicated by John Walker, Esq. 
from his collection at Arno's Grove, Southgate. Native of 
Chili, in South America. Flowers in October. 



* The three known species ofthis genus may be now thus characterized :— 

1. B. grandiflora; coronx foliolis lauceolatis indivisis. 

2. B. congesta ; coronae foliolis bifidis. 
3* B. ixioides; corona; foliolis subulatis. 



N.2383. 




( 2383 ) 

Azalea pontica, var. albiflora. Thomp- 
son's White-flowered Pontick azalea. 



Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 



Corolla campanulata. Stamina receptaculo inserta. Caps. 
5-locularis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Azalea pontica ; foliis elliptico-lanceolatis pubescentibus 

ciliatis, pedunculis terminalibus fasciculatis calycibus- 

que hirsutis. Flor. Taur. Cauc. 1. ». 144. et 3. p. 

136. 
Azalea pontica ; foliis nitidis lanceolatis utrinque glabris, 

racemis terminalibus. Schreb.Act. Nov. Upsal. 1. p. 

92. PaU. Ross. 2. p. 51. t. 69. Lin. Sp. PL Append. 

1669. IVilld. Sp. PL 1. p. 830. Bot. Mag. supra n. 

433. ubi petenda caetera synonyma. 
(p) albiflora ; floribus albis luteo tinctis. 



This elegant variety of Azalea pontica was communi- 
cated to us by Mr. Thompson, nurseryman at Mile End, in 
%1821. 

It is quite as fragrant as, and we think more agreeably 

i than the common sort, and has the advantage of pro- 
Jj cin g its leaves more early, so that the flowers are 
^companied with much more foliage. 
Pa r Fe ^ er to tne f° rmer account at No. 433, for a more 
J* "lcular description and history of the species ; but must 
v n FVe tnat tne excellent botanist, Councillor Marschall 

^eberstein, doubts very much the truth of what is there 

recorded 



recorded on the authority of Mr. Anthony Hove, respecting 
the abundance of these (plants growing' about Otschakow, 
and treats, as entirely fabulous, this traveller's account of the 
great profit niade there by the honey collected from their 
flowers, and sold in Constantinople for medical purposes ; 
and also of the trees sometimes reaching the height of 
twenty feet. We learn from the Flora Taurico-Caucasica 
that it is extremely common in the Caucasian Mountains, 
but rarely ascends into the higher regions, ceasing to ap- 
pear at the elevation at which the Rhododendrum begins. 
A hardy shrub. Flowers in May. 



N238± 




( 2384 ) 

EUONYMUS LATIFOLIUS. BRO AD-LEAVED 

Spindle-Tree, 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynu. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. 5-petala. Caps. 5-gona, 3-locularis, 3-valvis, eolo- 
rata. Sem. calyptrata. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Euonymus latifolius ; floribus plerisque pentandris, cortice 

laevi, pedunculis filiformibus teretibus multifloris. 

Hort. Kew. ed. I ma - 1. p. 273.—Ed. alt. 2. p. 28. 

fVilld. Sp. PL I. p. 1131. Persoon Syn. I. p. 243. 

Schmidt Arb. t. 74. Jacq. Austr. 3. p. 48. t. 289. 
Euonymus latifolius; floribus plerisque quinquefidis, petalis 

ovalibus, lobis capsularum acute angulosis alaBformi- 

bus. Lam. Encycl. 2. p. 572. Dec. Flor. Fr. 4. p. 

621. 

Euonymus europceus, |3. latifolius. Lin. Sp. PI. 286. 
Euonymus latifolius ; pedunculis lateralibus; petalis sub- 

rotundis; fructibus alatis. Scop. Cam. 1. p. 165. 

Hall. Hist* n. 830. 
Euonymus latifolius. Clus. Hist. 1 . p. 56. Bauh. Pin. 428. 

Bauh. Hist. 1. pars alt. p. 202. 



Euonymus latifolius was considered by Linnaeus as only 
a . variety of europceus; from which, however, not only in the 
Slze an d colour of the leaves, but in the greater comparative 



*ord a " error °^ the P ress ' n Waller's quotation from Scopoli, the 
i t ., P et aiis is changed into patulis, and then to make some sort of sense of 
Ufor *i u ° rd f oIiis is ad <Jed, thus changing the character into " pedunculis 
ral,bus Patulis, foliis .ubrotundis F 

length 



length of the peduncles, which are also more cernuous ; in 
the flowers having, for the most part, five, more oval, petals, 
and five stamens ; and in the angles of the capsule hefore 
bursting being more acute and wing-like. It grows to a 
considerably larger tree than the common sort; and the 
wood is applied to the same purposes, and especially 
adapted to turner's work. 

A hardy shrub. Flowers in June and July. Native of 
the Southern parts of Europe. First established as a dis- 
tinct species by Scopoli, in his Flora Carniolica, confirmed 
by Dr. Solander in the Hortus Kewensis, and since gene- 
rally adopted. Communicated, both in flower and fruit, 
by John Walker, Esq. 



X2385. 



.uV 





( 2385 ) 
Hibiscus militaris. Military Hibiscus. 

Class and Order. 

MONADELPHIA PoLYANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. duplex : exterior polyphyllus. Stigmata 5. Caps. 
5-locularis, polysperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Hibiscus militaris; glaberrimus, foliis tri-lobo-hastatis acu- 
minatis serratis, corolla tubulato-campanulata, capsu- 
lis ovatis acuminatis glabris, seminibus holosericeis. 
Pursh Fl. Am. Sept. p. 456. 

Hibiscus militaris; foliis glabris trilobis acuminatis serratis, 
caule herbaceo simplicissimo. Willd. Sp.Pl.S.p. 808. 

Hibiscus militaris; foliis serratis hastatis acutissimis, flori- 
bus magnis pulcherrimis, petalis bifidis. Cav. Diss. 6. 
p. 362. t. 198. /. 2. 

Hibiscus leevis ; herbaceus, glaber, pedunculis solitariis ar- 
ticulatis unifloris. Scop. Del. Insubr. 3. t. 17. 

Hibiscus leevis; glaber, herbacens, foliis trilobis serratis 
acutissimis, pedunculis axillaribus. Lam. Encycl. 3. 
p. 362. n. 48. 

Hibiscus virginicus; foliis inferioribus cordatis acuminatis 
serratis ; superioribus hastatis leevibus, floribus subtu- 
bulosis incarnatis. Walter Fl. Carol. 177. 

Hibiscus hastatus ; glaberrimus, foliis hastatis serrulatis, 
corolla tubulato-campanulata carnea majuscula, cap- 
sula glabra oblongo-ovoidea acuminata, seminibus 
holosericeis. Michaux Fl. Bor. Amer. 2. p. 45. 

Hibiscus riparius ; foliis hastatis serrulatis, capsula ovata 
acuminata glabra. Pers. Syn. 2. p. 254. 



Hibiscus militaris is a native of the banks of rivers in 
Louisiana and the Western parts of Pensylvania and Caro- 
,na * where it flowers in August and September. It is said 

by 



by Pursh to have purple flowers ; but the flowers of all the 
plants of this species., in the collection at Spofforth, from 
whence our specimen was taken,, are invariably white, with 
a red centre. The outer calyx varies with eleven, twelve, 
or thirteen segments. It is a tolerably hardy herbaceous 
plant, enduring the English winter often in the open border ; 
but its flowers will not come to perfection without artificial 
heat. It should be kept in a pot, which may be preserved 
in the greenhouse during the winter, and removed into the 
stove in spring. W. H. 



$2386. 







w.-.- 



( 2386 ) 

OXALIS LOBATA. LoBED-LEAVED WoOD- 
SoRREL. 

■'1 / . ■ v I / . ■ s I / . &, ■'■I / - &. &. &. ■ x T / . &. ■ v l / . &. ■ v t / . &. &. .'1 / . ■ v !-', 
•if** *^* *<^»" '^r '^ "^.* '^" vpr v vf. vj. W Vf» vf« ^» vf.* ip 

C/ass and Order. 

Dec AND RI a Pentagynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. 5-phyllus. Petala unguibus connexa. Stam. in- 
aequalia : 5-breviora exteriora, basi connata. Caps, angulis 
dehiscens, 5-gona. 

Specific Character. 

Oxalis lobata; acaulis, scapo unifloro petiolis longiore 
foliis ternatis: foliolis bilobis, radice tuberoso. 



This pretty little yellow-flowered Oxalis, is a native of 
Chili, in South-America. We cannot find that it has hereto- 
fore been any where described. There is another tuberous- 
footed species, native of the same country, mentioned by 
Molina; but that is caulescent. Raised from seed by 
John Walker, Esq. and communicated to us in flower, in 
October 1822. Our figure represents the whole plant. 




Wecldu! J 



( 2387 ) 
Lobelia pyramidalis. Branchy Lobelia. 

■*fri A m-V, & & r&- *Vt *fr- r'T'- & &. &• &. &. 1^1 ■'■fri A ."fr. i*^ 

C/ass «wrf Order. 
Pejjtandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-fidus. Cor. 1-petala, irregularis. Anthera cohae- 
rentes. Capsula infera, 2- s. 3-locularis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Lobelia pyramidalis; laevis, foliis lanceolatis serrulatis 
longe acuminatis; supremis linearibus attenuatis, ra- 
cemis foliosis paniculatis, laciniis calycis subulatis 
corollam subaequantibus, caule erecto ramoso. 

Lobelia pyramidalis. Wallich in Asiat. Res. XIII. p. 376. 

Lobelia stimulans. Hamilton Mss. 



Descr. Root perennial. Stems herbaceous, upright, 
branched, three or four feet high, leafy, rounded, purple, 
smooth, about the thickness of a goose-quill. Branches 
many, spreading-erect, simple or divided, disposed in a 
Pyramidal form, marked, as well as the upper part of the 
s*em, with several narrow obtuse angles from the decurrent 
mid-ribs. Leaves lanceolate, sessile, thin, veined, finely and 
closely serrated at the margins, three to seven inches long, 
and about half an inch or one in breadth, smooth on both 
sides, somewhat narrowed at the base, and tapering towards 
the extremity into a long narrow point ; those near the top 
°f the stem and branches, linear and tapering : the veins and 
mid-rib purplish underneath. Racemes many-flowered, leafy, 
disposed in a panicle. Flowers alternate, unilateral, on foot- 
Malks shorter than the bractes, which are linear, pointed, 
minutely serrulate, nearly the length of the pedicels. Seg- 
ments of the calyx very long, linear, pointed, very minutely 
serrulate, smooth, almost equal the length of the corolla. 

Corolla 



Corolla lurid-purple, about the size of that of Lobelia 
cardinalis : segments lanceolate, acute. Filaments united 
above, free below, and ciliated. Anthers dark blue, hairy. 
Style filiform, smooth. Stigma two-lobed : lobes rounded, 
entire, concave underneath. 

This fine species of Lobelia is a native of Upper Nepal, 
and the mountainous district of Sylhet in the Eastern division 
of Bengal, where it flowers, according to Dr. Wallich, in 
the early part of the season. It is called Atia Chao in the 
Kasi language, and is made use of as a stimulant by the 
Natives of Nepal. Dr. Wallich has certainly been misled 
by the dried specimens, in attributing to this plant white, 
or pale violet flowers. In the Lambertian Herbarium are 
many fine specimens of this, as well as of two other Nepal 
species. This plant will prove a valuable addition to our 
collections. Its tall, purple, branchy stems, adorned with 
numerous racemes of shewy purple flowers, render it a con- 
spicuous object. Don. 

Communicated by Messrs. Whitley, Brame, and Milne, 
of the Fulham Nursery, where it was raised from seeds 
received from P. A. H. Jenkinson, Esq. 




IZM. 



( 2388 ) 

tulipa suaveolens, vdt. |3. latifolia. 
Claramond Tulip. 

****************** 

Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 
Cor. 6-petala., campanulata. Stylus nullus. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Tulipa suaveolens ; caule unifloro pubescente, flore erecto 
petalis obtusis glabris, foliis ovato-lanceolatis. Willd. 
Sp. PL 2. p. 97. 

(a) nana ; foliis approximatis. (Supra 839.) Redoute Lit 

(p.) latifolia ; foliis remotis, caule altiori. 



This early flowering sweet scented Tulip, known by the 
florists under the name of Claramond, is supposed to be a 
variety of Tulipa suaveolens, or the Van Toll, but grows 
taller, has wider and more distant leaves. Like the last 
mentioned, we believe it is constant in its habit and colour, 
and will bear forcing. In the open ground it flowers in 



h 



^-■89. 




'arJr.HiZ . 



Trth. 



^farrh.223U. 



WeZ&Zl- 



( 2389 ) 

Anagalus latifolia. Broad-leaved 
Pimpernel. 

******************** 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 
Generic Character. 
Corolla rotata. Capsula circumscissa. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

An ag allis latifolia ; caule compresso, foliis amplexicaulibus 

nervosis obtusis, petalis orbicularis integerrimis. 
Anagallis latifolia; foliis cordatis amplexicaulibus., cauli- 

bus, compressis. Sp. PL 212. Willd. Sp. PI. I. p. 823. 

Persoon Syn. 1. p. 173. n. 8. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 1. 

p. 317. Meerb. Icon. 1. t. 22. Kniph. Cent. 12. n. 8 ? 
Anagallis hispanica latifolia, maximo flore. Tournef Inst. 

143. 

Anagallis latifolia is distinguished from A. Monelli {su- 
pra n. 319) by having' broader, more obtuse and nerved 
'eaves ; by the petals being more orbicular with quite en- 
hre margins and crowded closer together ; by the calycine 
segments being too short to appear in sight, as they do in 
[he last-named plant ; and by the stem appearing flattened 
Jjy two of the angles being much larger and more obtuse 
than the other two. 

The synonym of Barrelier He. 584,) as is observed by 
p- Poiret, does not belong to this species, but to verticil- 
ata of Lamarck and Allioni, which does not, however, 
a Ppear to us to differ from A. Monelli. 

An annual. Native of Spain. Cultivated by Mr. Ph. 
iM, LLE R , in 1759. Flowers in July. 



S.n%. 



it DtL. 



Tui ly.S Ua~ti.r Wn-hn-oy 



( 2390 ) 

Cynanchum nigrum. Black-flowered 
Cynanchum. 

*Vi iff* &. &. &. &• &. &. &. jfo ifr, &, ■'!'. .'!'. tjf. &, &. tir. 

Class and Order. 

Pentandria Digynia. 

Generic Character. 

Asclepiadea. Massac Pollinis laves, 10, pendulae. Coro- 
na staminea duplex : exterior 10-partita : laciniis alternis 
minutis. Cor. subrotata. Folliculi laeves. Sem. comosa. 
Brown. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Cynanchum nigrum; caule superne volubili, corollis bar- 

batis, pedicellis umbellae simplicis peduneulo communi 

vix longioribus, corona semidecemfida. Brown Asclep. 

Mem. fVern. Soc. p. 48. Hort. Keto. ed. alt. 2. p. 78. 

Schultes Syst. Veg. 6. p. 103. 
Cynanchum nigrum; caule superne subvolubili, foliis ovatis 

basi barbatis. Per soon Syn I. p. 274. 
Asclepias nigra; foliis ovatis basi barbatis, caule superne 

subvolubilL Lin. Sp. PL 315. Willd. 1. p. 1269. 

Fabr. Helmst 254. Decand. Fl. Franc. 3. p. 668. 
Asclepias nigro flore. Bauh. Pin. 303. Lob. ic. 630. f. 2. 
Vincetoxicum flore nigro. Cam. Epit. 560. 



.Mr. Brown, in his account of the natural order of Ascle- 
Pjadea, published in the Transactions of the Wernerian 
Society, has limited considerably the genus Cynanchum, 
a nd has divided it into sections, which, he observes, may 
probably be considered hereafter as distinct genera. 

Our present plant belongs to his fifth section, containing 
also C. Vincetoxicum, and a nearly allied species which 
*• calls C. medium. 

It 



It must be observed, that our plant is not the Cynanchum 
nigrum of Cavanilles and Willdenow, now Gono- 
lobus niger, but is generally known by the old name of 
Asclepias nigra, though it has been long ago observed to 
belong rather -;o Cynanchum than Asclepias, and will yet, 
not improbably, revert to Pliny's name Vincetoxicum. 

A hardy perennial. Native of the south of Europe. 
Flowers from June to August. Communicated by A. Mac- 
leay, Esq. from his collection at Til buster Lodge, Surry. 



Em. 







f..i. 



( 2391 ) 

Crassula albi flora. White- flowered 
Crassula. 

****************** 

Class and Order. 

Pentandria Pentagynia. 

Generic Character. 

CaL 5-phyllus. Petala 5 (nunc unguibus coalitis). 
*quam<e 5, nectariferae, ad basin germinis. Capsulce 5. 

Specific Character. 

* Frutescentes. 

Crassula albiflora ; foliis carnosis ovatis acuminatis paten- 
tibus cartilagineo-ciliatis, corymbis compositis termi- 
nalibus, corollae tubo calycem vix aequante. 



Oescr. Stem shrubby, rounded, pubescent. Leaves 
decussate, spreading horizontally, stem -embracing, fleshy, 
°vate-acuminate, margins cartilaginously-ciliate. Flowers 
JJ^ite, sweet-scented, terminal, in a trichotomous corymb. 
,. or °Ma hypocrateriform ; tube shorter than the calyx : 
ln \f> spreading: lacinia oval, becoming revolute at the 
P 01 nt. Stamens 5, the length of the corolla, alternating 
^th the laciniae. Anthers red-orange before the pollen is 
'scharged, afterwards brown. Pistils 5, very spreading. 
*«gmas simple, brown. 
We believe this very handsome Crassula to be an unde- 
nted species. It has a near affinity with coccinea and 
Ver *icolor 3 but is very distinct from both. 

Native of the Cape of Good Hope. Flowerg in July, 
communicated from the Fulham nursery, by Messrs. Whit- 
ltY » Brame, and Milne. 



( 2392 ) 

Bromelia sylvestris. Narrow-leaved 
Wild Pine-Apple. 

Class and Order. 

Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 3-fidus, superus, Petala 3. Squama nectarifera ad 
basin petali. Bacca 3-locularis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Bromelia sylvestris; foliis ciliato-spinosis apice longe 
attenuatis, racemo terminali composito : racemulis e 
basi bractearum vaginante vix emergentibus. 

Bromelia sylvestris. Wittd. Enum. Suppl. p. 16. Link 
Enum. 1.^.308. 



Although Willdenow has recorded the Bromelia syl- 
vestris by name only, without any description whatever, 
and Link has only added, that its leaves are like those of 
Bromelia Pinguin, only narrower, yet there can be little 
doubt but that our plant is the species meant by these au- 
thors, because Mr. Anderson received it from Mr. Otto, 
the inspector of the royal botanic garden at Berlin, under 
that name. Before coming into flower it is not distinguish- 
able from Mr. Lindley's Bromelia fastuosa, except by the 
Jeaves being elongated to a much slenderer termination ; 
but when the flowering stem shoots up they are at once 
distinguished by the length of the branchlets of fastuosa 
\hich, in our plant do not protrude beyond the upright 
sheathing bases of the bractes. A similar inflorescence 
ma y be observed in Dillenius's figure of B. Pinguin, which 
se ems to differ from our plant only in the greater rigidity 
ai *d size, and more upright position of the leaves. 

°ur drawing was taken at the Apothecaries' botanic 
& ar den, at Chelsea, in July last. 



\ ' n 




Puhhy f.turti.r 






( 2393 ) 

Cactus Opuntia. Common Dwarf 
Indian-Fig. 

***************** 

Class and Order. 

ICOSANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 1-phyllus, superus, imbricatus. Cor. multiplex. 
Bacca 1-locularis, polysperma. 

Sect. IV. Opuntia, compresses, articulis proliferis. 
Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Cactus Opuntia; articulato-prolifer, laxus, articulis ovatis, 

spinis setaceis. Sp. PL 669. ed. Willd. 2. p. 943. 

Hort. Rem. ed. alt. 3. p. 178. Knorr. Thesaur. 1. 

tab. F. a. Kniph. Cent. 8. n. 19. Dec. Plant. Grass. 

Link. Enum. Hort. Berol. 2. p. 23. 
Opuntia foliis ovatis compressis, spinis setaceis. Hall. 

Hist. n. 1099. 
Opuntia vulgaris; reptans, prostrata, articulis ovatis, spinis 

uniformibus numerosissimis piliformibus. Haworth 

Succul. p. 190. 



The genus Cactus, as constituted by Linn^us, contains 
plants extremely different in habit, but similar in their 
characters as taken from the parts of fructification, on which 
account Linnjeus has united them into one genus, only 
dividing them according to their habit into different sec- 
tions. Haworth has again separated them into as many 

distinct genera. . - M 

Cactus Opuntia is a native of America, and, although 

now indigenous in many parts of the south of Europe, and 

in Barbary was probably originally brought from thence. 

This species is sufficiently hardy to bear our winters 

without 



without protection., provided it is planted in a dry soil. It 
is well suited to ornament rock-work, in which situation, 
in the Chelsea garden, the plant from which our drawing 
was taken has stood several years. 

Flowers in June and July. Propagated by the articu- 
lations. Cultivated by Gerard in 1596. Communicated 
by Mr. Anderson. 



N.2391 




J. L-urtUJ? m l 



,-f. &*^.TImlav*&uATBil2j 



Wtdd 



( 2394 ) 

HYOSCYAMUS NIGER. £. ANNUA. ANNUAL 

Black Henbane. 

****************** 

Class and Order. 

Pentandria Monogynu. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. infundibuliformis, obtusa. Stamina inclinata. Caps. 
operculata, bilocularis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Hyoscyamus niger; foliis amplexicaulibus sinuatis, floribus 
sessilibus. Sp. PL 257 .—ed. Willd. I. p. 1010. Sm. 
Flor. Brit. I. p. 254. Engl. Bot. t. 591. Woodv. Med. 
Bot. I. t. 52. Pollich Pal. 1. p. 223. Svensk. Bot. 21. 

Hyoscyamus vulgaris et niger. Bauh. Pin. 169. 

(«•) radice bienni. 

((3.) radice constanter annua. 



This plant has been cultivated in gardens both here and 
on the continent, as the reticulatus; but is certainly not 
the Syrian plant described by Clusius in his Stirpes panno- 
nicae, under the name of Hyoscyamus peregrinus, the seeds 
of which were communicated to him by Bernard. Palud. 
Frisius, on his return from his travels in Egypt and Syria, 
oy the name of Benze, which is the true reticulatus of 
Linnaeus. 

Our plant appears to us not to be specifically different 
from the common Henbane ; but Mr. Anderson of the 
Chelsea garden thinks it certainly is ; observing, that it is 
constantly annual, while the former, even under cultivation, 
js as constantly biennial. But Sir James E. Smith describes 
"^oscyamus niger as having an annual root; so that we 
must own we have our doubts whether we have done right 

in 



in considering it even as a variety. There seems, however, 
to be a considerable difference in the descriptions of H.niger 
by different authors, and in the Systema Vegetabilium of 
Roemer and Schultes, a doubt is expressed, whether the 
English and Swedish plants are the same species as the 
southern continental. The description of Pollich corres- 
ponds with our plant. The flowers, he says, are an inch, 
often an inch and a half in diameter, beautifully painted with 
purple reticulated veins, and having a dark purple faux. 
It is this last character, that Clusius particularly uses to 
distinguish the common Henbane from his peregrinus, the 
reticulatus of Linnaeus, the latter having not a purple, but 
a white centre. 

Henbane has been known from ancient times as a poison- 
ous plant ; but in modern practice, is nevertheless found to 
be an efficacious, and, with proper caution, a safe remedy. 

Native of Great Britain, and most parts of Europe. 
Flowers in June and July, and ripens its seed in August 
and September. Communicated by Mr. Anderson, from 
the Botanic garden, Chelsea. 



( 2395 ) 

Perilla Ocymoides. Balm-leaved 
Perilla. 

****************** 

Class and Order. 

DlDYNAMIA GyMNOSPERMIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-fidus (in fructu auctus, turgescens) : lacinias suba?- 
quales: inferiores demum elongatae. Cor. bilabiata: lab. 
sup. subfornicatum. Stam. distantia. Stylus apice bifidus. 
Sem. orbiculata. 

Specific Name and Synonyms. 

Perilla ocymoides. Lin. Syst. Veg. ed. 14. p. 533. Willd. 

Sp. PL 3. p. 83. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 3. p. 390. Per- 

soon Syn. 2. p. 120. Smith in Rees' Cycl. 
Melissa maxima; foliis ovato-oblongis serratis utrinque 

acutis basibus mucronato-glandulosis, spicis secundis. 

Arduin. Spec. 2. p. 28. t. 13. 
Mentha perilloides ; racemis secundis lateralibus. Lam. 
UncycL 4. p. 112. n. 18. Saltern quoad descriptionem. 



Descr. Root annual. Stem upright, two or three feet 

J^gh, square, with rounded angles and excavated sides, 

" ai ry, branched. Leaves opposite, ovate - acuminate, 

coarsely serrate, rugosely veined and hairy uuderneath, 

roughish above. Petioles long, channelled, hairy. Ra- 

jte»»e8 axillary and terminal, often compound. Bractes 

jjnceolate. Flowers looking one way, white, very small. 

wlyx five-cleft half way down: segments nearly equal. 

oroZ/a very small : upper-lip concave. Stamens distant. 

. ty«e 1, divided at the tip. As the fruit ripens the calyx 

s Jj^ch increased in size, the tube becomes very turgid, 

n( * the lower segments are more lengthened than the 

upper. 



upper. Seeds quite globular, and white before they are 
ripe. The whole plant smells strongly aromatic. 

Our plant was raised by Messrs. Whitley, Brame, and 
Milne from Nepal seeds, and, there is no doubt, is the 
Perilla ocymoides of Roxburgh, which was brought from 
Nepal to the Calcutta garden, by Dr. Hamilton (late 
Buchanan). It is also the same as the specimen preserved 
in the Banksian Herbarium, from the plant introduced to 
the Kew garden by Mons. Richard, and described by La 
Marck in the Encyclopedic Methodique, under Mentha 
perilloides, but since referred to Perilla, in the Supple- 
ment, by Mons. Poiret. 

Neither have we any doubt but that our plant is the 
same species which Arduino has described and figured, 
though it did not show the upper segment of the calyx so 
much shorter than the rest ; as appears in his figure, and 
both Roxburgh and La Marck, describe the style as single. 
On this account we have attempted to give a new generic 
character, which is at least more applicable to the only 
plant now known under the name of Perilla ocymoides. 



f?J96. 




( 2396 ) 

Berberis fascicularis. Fasciculated 
Barberry. 

******************** 

Class and Order. 

Hexandria Monogvnia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 6-phyllus. Petala 6 : adungucs glandulis 2. Sty- 
lus 0. Bacca 2- pluri-sperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Berberis fascicularis ; ramis inermibus, foliis impari-pin- 
natis : foliolis quinquejugis ovatis dentato-spinosis, 
racemis aggregatis filamentis denticulatis. 

Berberis pinnata ; foliis pinnatis spinoso-dentatis. La- 
gasca Gen. et Spec. p. 14. n. 179. 

Berberis pinnata ; ramis inermibus, foliis impari-pinnatis 
foliolis quadri-aut quinque-jugis ovato-oblongis den- 
tato spinosis sessilibus, racemis axillaribus geminis, 
floribus hexandris. Humb. et Bonpl. nov. gen. et sp. 
t. 484? 

Maiionia fascicularis; foliis 4 — 5-jugis cum imparl jugo 
mferiore ad basin petioli approximato, foliolis ovato- 
lanceolatis repando-dentatis, dentibus utrinque 4 — 5, 
racemis erectis confertissimis, Decand. Syst. Vcg. 
Nat. 2. p. 19. 



This fine evergreen shrub flowered at Boyton for the 
J 11 ** time in this country, in February last. Mr. Lambert, 



Y ^nose friendly communication we owe the specimen 
° m which our drawing was made, raised it from seeds 
j*f n t him by the celebrated Spanish botanist Lagasca ; so 
that there can be no doubt of its being the species described 
ty him, and consequently the Mahonia fastcu/urt's of De 
^andolle. Whether Humboldt and Isonpland's plant 



i^ 



is the same is not quite so certain, though it most probably 
is, and the small number of racemes described and figured 
by them has been perhaps owing to their specimen being 
taken from the lower part of the branch. 

We were much inclined to think, that our plant was the 
same species as Berberis Aquifolium of Pursh ; but it is 
described as an upright shrub live or six feet high ; whereas 
the latter is said to be an under shrub, about a foot high, 
with procumbent branches, producing abundance of scions. 
By the advice of our friend Mr. Robert Brown, we have 
not adopted Nuttali/s name of Mahonia, because there 
does not seem to be any constant generic characters by which 
the pinnated-leaved Barberries can be separated from the 
simple-leaved. Indeed, the simple leaf in the common 
Barberry, and all the other species belonging to the same 
section, being articulated with the petiole, proves, accord- 
ing to this excellent physiologist, a naturally compound 
nature, just as the leaf of the Jasmine, which is more 
usually compound, becomes in several species simple ; but 
still shows its compound nature by its articulation with the 
petiole ; there is therefore no more reason on this account 
to separate the pinnated -leaved Barberries from the simple- 
leaved, than there is to divide the Jasmines with simple^ 
from those with compound leaves. Nuttall and De 
Candolle have erroneously adduced the want of glands at, 
the base of the petioles as a distinguishing character, as 
Mr Brown finds that these exist in all the known species, 
though varying in size, and sometimes, as in our plant, 
nearly concealed by the breadth of the flat filament. The 
only other character of importance in the attempt to estab- 
lish Mahonia as a distinct genus, is the teeth on the fila- 
ments, which Mr. Brown finds are present in three of the 
pinnated-leaved species, but entirely wanting in two; 
Yiz. glumacea and nepalensis. Another argument against 
separating the pinnated-leaved Barberries from the simple- 
leaved is afforded, by the circumstance that in De Cak- 
dolle's third section of the genus Berberis are recorded 
two species, one from Tournefort's, and the other from 
Mr. Brown's Herbarium, which have compound leaves, 
but in which the petiole is terminated with a spine instead 
of a leaflet. 

Native of New Spain, whence it was brought to the 
Madrid garden, by M. Ne£. It is not improbable that <hi* 
shrub may hereafter be found to be sutticiently hardy & 
bear our winters in the open ground. 



Emi 




P Puh.h/f Curhs lf«J 



( 2397 ) 
Grinum Augustum. Stately Ciunuai. 

Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 
Generic Character. — Vide Supra No. 2292. 
Sectio 1. Patentes. Subd. 1. Nutanlcs. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Crinum augustum; bulbo columnar! purpureo, foliis lance-, 
olatis margine laevi, umbella20 — cJO-ilorapeduuculata, 
floribus suaveolentibus extus roseo-rubescentibus, in- 
tus striatis, tubo saturatissime colorato, filamentis as - 
surgenter curvatis, stylo filamentis breviore. 

utiNUM augustum. Roxb. Mscr. 

Crinum augustum. Ker Journ. Sc. et A. 

Uinum augustum. Nobis in Appendice. p. 22 et 47. 

wu»VH amabile, /3. augustum. Bot. Reg. 679. 



Uescr. Bulb columnar, oblong- ovate, seven inches high, 
. ur wide, reddish purple. Leaves above three feet long, 

Wu h a smooth margin, channelled, four inches wide, less 

"Jf ute than those of C. amabile, ending in a red point. 

j Ca Pe flattened, above an inch wide, two feet six inches 
l $K green stained with purple. Spatke divided, about 
v <j niches long, green stained with purple. Peduncles an, 

"xli or more long, at first deep red, becoming greener. 



ing greener. 



'l v jmn oblong, at first very deep red, becom 

"6e curved, deep red, about three and half inches long. 

™no four and half or five inches long, without, lake colonr- 

j . me margins of the petals fading to white; within, white 

( >n P et J with pink: the widest petals an inch wide. Filament* 

nred upwards, red ; the longest at least one and half inch 

porter than the limb. Style deeper red, like the tube in 

i( , | ] <M| r, shorter than the filaments. Stigma minute, deep 

„,-" -Anthers and pollen yellow. Bractcs numerous, white 

;,, W w *& red. Ovules indistinct; often but one perfect 

' ach germeh. Flowers fragrant. 

This 



This splendid plant is supposed to be a native of Mau- 
ritius, from whence it was sent to Dr. Roxburg at Calcutta ; 
but it may be doubted .whether it is indigenous in that 
island., as no bulbs of it have since been received from 
thence. It is. very closely allied to C. amabile ; nor does 
there appear to be any decided botanical distinction between 
the two species; excepting that the style, which in C. ama- 
bile is much longer than the filaments, appears to be inva- 
riably shorter than the filaments in C. augustum. C. an- 
gustum is of humbler growth ; its flowers shorter, but of a 
brighter colour ; their fragrance very different from that 01 
amabile, and less powerful ; the points of its leaves less 
acute; its filaments of a paler red, differing from the colour 
of the style. Our specimen had sixteen flowers. Roxburg 
describes the scape to be of a blackish purple, bearing from 
twenty to thirty flowers, ten or eleven inches long. C. 
augustum, though a little inferior in size, is by no means 
inferior to C. amabile in beauty. W. H. 

P. S. Since this article was prepared for the press, a 
figure of C. augustum has been published in the Bot. Reg 
under the title of C. amabile, (3 augustum. We have re- 
tained Dr. Roxburg's name, because, although the affinity 
is great, it is separated from C. amabile by precisely the 
same features as C. speciosum from C. insigne, which all 
been erected into a distinct species, under the name o\ 
Amaryllis insignis, in the Bot. Reg. We have already 
stated (see Appendix, p. 47), that in a revision of the genus 
C. augustum might properly be considered a variety ot 
amabile, brevifolium of toxicarium, canaliculatum and ex- 
altatum of pedunculatum, longifolium of lorifolium, en- 
mfolium of dejixwn, and insigne of speciosum. R l> 
erroneously stated in the Bot. Reg. that augustum n* 
yellow and amabile purple pollen. The pollen of both » 
orange ; the anthers being purple before their inversion- 
We suspect that no species of Crinum will be found with 
dark-coloured pollen. W. H. 



CORRIGENDUM. 



In the Specierum enuraeratio (vide No. 2121, p. 6, I. ult.) 

For Crinum Yucceeidcs, read Crinum Broussoneli var. Yticcseides. l T P°" 
examination of the inflorescence of this plant, we have no hesitation ' 
pronouncing it to be merely a variety of C. Broussoneti ; bnlb and **L 
greener; leaves paler green; flower shorter; purple stripes stronger; » au 
more delicate; preferring less water. W, //. 



' r-uTtu.Ufi, 






( 2398 ) 

Maranta angustifolia. Narrow-leaved 
Maranta. 

A'i A*. ■'Vi A r , alt A'. A'- A*-* A*. A', A afc Jfc j^j .'fo ■4 , i ^ .-fo 

C/ass <md Order. 

MoNANDRIA MoNOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Anther a simplex filamento adnata. Stylus petaliforjnis 
Stigma subtrigonum . Sem. 1. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Maranta angustifolia; culino nodoso, foliis lanceolatis 
basi angustatis, panicula flexuosa, bracteis intern is 
coloratis, calycibus ovatis. 

Maranta graminifolia. Ruiz et Pavon, in herbario Lum- 
ber ti. 



This undescribed species of Maranta, which flowered in 
the Botanic garden, belonging to the company of Apothe- 
caries, at Chelsea, in July 1822, was raised from seeds 
received from Trinidad. Though not mentioned in the 
Flora Peruviana of Ruiz and Pavon, a specimen of the 
same species collected in Peru, by these celebrated Bota- 
nists, and ticketed by them with the name of graminifolia, 
is preserved in the Lambertian Herbarium; but as the 
leaves can hardly be compared with those of European 
grasses, we have preferred calling it angustifolia. 

Maranta angustifolia is a much smaller plant than 
arundinacea; the swelled joints of the culm are more 
evident, being not concealed by the sheaths of the foot- 
stalks; the leaves are not only much smaller, but arc 
narrowed at the base, which in arundinacea are rounded, 
and often cordate; the flowers grow in a lax, zig-zag 
panicle ; the inner valve of the spathe or bracte is, like 
the corolla, of a pale blue colour, the calycine leaflets are 
°val, not, as in arundinacea, lanceolate. 

Both species, in our climate, require to be cultivated m 
the stove. Communicated by Mr. Anderson. 



I? 399. 



fit- E 2 «Z. 2uh hf.S. CurUr.Wahto tU.. May 1 L!13 






TfU*->m 



( 2399 ) 

Amaryllis cyrtanthoides. Cyrtanthus- 
like Amaryllis. 

-4'- rSt'- .Sk iSI / . .Slf. .S^ ■St'. .St", .'!'■ .^ i^ .^i jfc ■'fr. A A A A 
MS MS MS MS Ms" "/i»" */K "/fr 7|f MS MS MS MS M\ MS MS VIS MS 

Cfoss and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. hexapetaloidea, irregularis. Filamenta fauci tubi 
inserta, declinata, inaequalia proportione vel directione. 

Specific Character. 

Amaryllis cyrtanthoides ; spatha multiflora, pedicellis cer- 
nuis, corollis infundibuliformi-campanulatis, genitali- 
bus strictis exsertis, foliis loratis obtusis. 



This handsome plants belonging to the natural order of 
Amaryllidece, appears not to have been hitherto described. 
It seems to us that it cannot be well united to any of the 
genera formed by Mr. Herbert, out of the old genus 
Amaryllis, and perhaps fr6m the straight stamens and 
style might be properly considered as distinct from any ; 
but not having had any opportunity of examining the plant 
jtself, we think it best, at least for the present, to arrange 
] t under Amaryllis. 

Mr. Herbert has united Amaryllis advena (supra 1125), 
a native of the same country, (with which this plant, Mr. 
Lindley thinks, has some affinity) to Hippeastrum ; but 
Amaryllis cyrtanthoides wants altogether the characters 
of that genus. 

Our drawing was taken at the Horticultural Society's 
garden in February last. The bulb, as we are informed 
b Y Joseph Sabine, Esq. was received from Chili, last spring, 
under the name of ce Narcissus-like bulb". It formed part 
of a collection of seeds and bulbs presented to the society, 
b Y Mr. Francis Place, of Charing Cross. 



Mhqo. 




falwrrrfh JClvJ ISIS 



( 2400 ) 

Flaveria Contrayerba. Broad-leaved 
Flaveria. 

***************** 

Class and Order. 

Syngenesia Polygamia Segregata. 

Generic Character. 



Calyculus 2 — 5-phyllus, 2 — 5-florus. Cat. communis im- 
bricatus, squamis inaequalibus. Flosculus tubulosus : unus 
saepius ligulatus. Pappus 0. Recept. nudum. 



Specific Character and Synonyms. 

F 'laveri a contrayerba ; foliis subpetiolatis lanceolatis tri- 
nerviis mucronatis, floribus corymbosis. Persoon Syn. 
2. p. 489. Willd. Enum. p. 941. 

Milleria contrayerba; foliis subpetiolatis lanceolatis tri- 
nerviis mucronato-serratis, floribus terminalibus fasci- 
cular. Willd. Sp. PL 3. p. 2329. Hort. Kew. ed. 
alt. 5. p. 162. 

Milleria contrayerba ; caule sulcato, ramis oppositis de- 
cussatis., foliis lanceolatis serratis, floribus glomeratis. 
Cav. Ic. 1. p. 2. t. 4. 

Milleria contrahierba ; foliis oblongo-lanceolatis triner- 
viis, floribus dense fasciculatis subcorymbosis termi- 
nalibus. ham. Encycl. 

Vermifuga Ruiz and Pavon Prodr. Fl. Per. p. 114. t. 24. 

Eupatorioides salicis folio trinervi, flore luteo., vulgo con- 
trahierba. Feuill. Peruv. 3. p. 18. t. 14. 



Flaveria was established as a genus by Jussieu, but 
J^vanilles afterwards uniting it with the genus Milleria, 
J}, 18 opinion has been generally followed, till the authors of 
* !ora Peruviana determined it to be generically distinct. 

This 



This plant was first described by Father Feuillee, who 
found it near the City of Conception in Chili. He remarks 
that the natives prepare a bright yellow dye by boiling it 
in water. The Peruvians according to Ruiz and Pavon 
use a decoction of the herb for destroying the worms 
that breed in sores, whence its name of Centrayerba which 
signifies vermifuge. 

Milleria angustifolia of Cavanilles, if it be not the 
same species, which is very probable, certainly belongs to 
this genus. 

Native of Peru and Chili. Flowers in the stove from 
July to October. Introduced by Archibald Menzies, Esq. 
Communicated by John Walker, Esq. of Arno's Grove. 



J/M 



W 





lub3ry.J.lMrUr~W,a*rtiy&i..lfi»f.llSZJ. 



( 2401 ) 
Stapelia barbata. Bearded Stapelia. 

C/ass and Order. 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Asclepiadea. Nect. duplici stellula tegente genitalia. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Sect. I . Core-Ms decemdentatis ; alts nullis ; rostris gibbosis ; 

ligulis coalitis in scutum humile. (Heurnle Brown). 

A. Fauce simplici. 

Stapelia barbata; corollis campanulatis intus punctatis, 
foris impunctatis, dentibus majoribus cuspidatis, ram is 
strictis tetragonis. J acq. Stap. 

Stapelia barbata ; corollis decemdentatis : laciniis majori- 
bus lanceolatis acuminatis scabris clavato-barbatis, 
pedunculis corolla brevioribus, ramis subtetragonis 
erectis basi floriferis. WUld. Sp. PL I. p. 1293. 
Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 2. p. 95. 

Stapelia barbata ; ramis pluribus tetragonis pentagonisque 
confertis suberectis, dentibus ramorum acutis subpa- 
tentibus, corolla campanulata decemfida, laciniis acutis 
subpatentibus. Masson Stap. p. 11. t. 7. 

Heurnia barbata; corolla campanulata, fauce subclausa, 
setis clavatis rufis : ligulis oblongis rhombeis retusis, 
staminibus subulatis undatim subuncatis. Haworth 
Succut. p. 31. Schultes Syst. Veg. 6. p. 8. 



We have before given four species of this division, which 
^nk under the genus Heurnia of Brown ; No. 506, lenti- 
Pnosa; No. 1662, reticulata; No. 1227 ', campanulata ; and 
Jj[ - 1661, clavigera; the last is erroneously given under 
'he name of campanulata. The two last mentioned species 
•ftd our present one barbata are so very nearly related, 

that 



that though recorded as distinct by the best authority, by 
Jacquin, Haworth, and in the Hortus Kewensis, may be 
thought by some to be only varieties of one species. 

The flowers of Stapelia barbata, smell less offensively 
than most of the other species; the corolla is smooth, pale, 
and of nearly a uniform colour on the outside, except 
that the tube is obscurely streaked, but within the limb 
is roughened by raised spots, and by scattered glandular, 
somewhat clubbed hairs. ,The branches are straight, and 
have sometimes four, more frequently five, and now and 
then six angles. 

Native of the Cape of Good -Hope, whence it was intro- 
duced into this country by Mr. Francis Masson in 1795. 
Flowers most part of the summer. Communicated by 
N. S. Hodson, Esq. from the Botanic Garden at Bury 
St. Edmunds. 



Mm 





r 




( 2402 ) 

Erigeron bellidifolium. Plantain- 
leaved Erigeron. 

Class and Order. 

Syngenesia Polygamia Suferflua. 

Generic Character. 

Recept. nudum. Pappus pilosus. Cor. radii lineares, 
angustissimae. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Erigeron bellidifolium; hirsutum, incanum; foliis radicali- 
bus obovatis subserratis ; caulinis paucis distantibus 
lanceolatis integerrimis, caule subtrifloro, radiis elon- 
gatis. Pursh Fl. Am. Sept. 2. p. 532. 

Erigeron billidifolium ; foliis radicalibus obovatis serratis; 
caulinis lanceolatis integerrimis, caule subbifloro, radio 
disco longiore. Willd. Sp. PL 3. p. 1958. 

Erigeron pulchellum ; hirsutum, subincanum, foliis radica- 
libus oblongo-obovalibus sive cuneato-oblongis subin- 
tegris; caulinis paucis distantibus semiamplexicauli- 
bus, floribus majusculis: radiis numerosis, elongatis 
subcoeruleseenti-albidis. Michaux FL Bor. Am. 2. p. 
124. * 



Descr. Radical leaves several, wide-obovate, obtuse, 
rugose-veined, coarsely serrate from the middle upwards, 
roughs with rigid hairs on the upper surface, hairy along 
. e c °urse of the veins underneath. Cauline leaves distant, 
0n gue-shaped, somewhat undulate, quite entire. Stem 
|* ec t, hairy, streaked, simple, branching out at the upper 
I] m to from three to five long, hairy, one-flowered pe- 
■ uncles. Bracte one or two, small, subulate; but little 
jstant from the flower. Calyx hemispherical: leaflets 
11 Julate, imbricate. Ray many-flowered, linear, pale blue, 
° n ger than the flat yellow disk. 

In 



In its native soil, the stem is frequently only one, two 
or three flowered, with much shorter peduncles, and smaller 
radical leaves than in the cultivated plant. Native of 
North America, in shady woods, principally throughout 
the mountains, from Canada to Carolina, where it is known 
by the name of Poor Robin's Plantain. 

Not inserted in the last edition of the Hortus Kewensis. 
A hardy perennial. Communicated by N. S. Hodson, Esq. 
from the botanic garden at Bury St. Edmunds in Septem- 
ber 1832. 




Kdm. 



( 2403 ) 

CEnothera odorata, /3. Sweet-scented 
(Enothera. 

******************* 

Class and Order. 

OCTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 4-fidus, tubulosus. Petala 4. Caps. 4-locularis, 
4-valvis, cylindrical infera. Sem. nuda. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

CEnothera odorata; foliis radicalibus lineari-lanceolatis 

denticulatis planis ; caulinis undulatis utrinque vil- 

losis, petalis obcordatis tubo calycis longioribus. 
CEnothera odorata; foliis lineari-lanceolatis denticulatis 

undulatis pubescentibus glaucis, caule hirto. J acq. 

Icon rar. 3. t. 456. Collect. Suppl. p. 107. Pers. 

Syn. 1. p. 408. n. 12. Bot. Reg.Ul. 
CEnothera undulata; foliis lanceolatis undulatis glabris. 

Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 2. p. 342. 
(«.) caule, nervis foliorum, calyce, germineque rubentibus. 

Ker. 
((3.) caule, nervis foliorum, calyce, germineque virentibus. 

Ker. 



Descr. Stem two feet high, hairy, but little branched. 
Radical leaves linear lanceolate, slightly dentate-sinuate, 
n gid, smooth or minutely villous. Cauline leaves half 
stem-embracing, dentate-sinuate, undulate, villous on both 
sules. Germen sessile, cylindrical, villous, eight-streaked. 
Calyx villous : tube cylindrical : segments of the border 
adhering, reflexed, armed with a small soft mucro, insert ed 
a little below the apex, as described by Jacquin. Petals 
°wcordate, longer than the tube of the calyx. Stamens 

shorter 



shorter than the petals. Style longer. Stigma fleshy, 4- 
cleft: in one instance the divisions were again divided 
halfway down. Capsule sessile, cylindrical, streaked, pu- 
bescent, two inches long". 

There is a considerable difference in the degree of vil- 
losity in different plants, and also in the undulation of the 
leaves. It is a very desirable species, both on account of 
the size of the flowers, which in one of our specimens, 
measured three inches in diameter when fully expanded, 
and its very fragrant odour. 

First raised in Europe in 1790, from seeds collected in 
Patagonia, which came into the hands of Sir Joseph Banks 
by purchase, and were through him, communicated to Jac- 
©uin, who first published a figure of our plant in his Icones 
plantarum rariorum. 

A hardy perennial of easy culture. Flowers most of the 
Summer. Propagated readily by seeds. Communicated 
by Messrs. Whitley, Brames, and Milne, of the Fulham 
Nursery. 



jY.mo^ 




( 2404 ) 

SciZANTHUS PINNATUS, WlNG-LEAVED 
SCHIZANTHUS. 

******************** 
Class and Order. 

DlANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-partitus. Cor. bilabiata, resupinato, labio supe- 
riore 5-partito ; inferiore 3-partito. Stam. 4 : duo sterilia. 
Caps. 2-valvis, 2-locularis. 

Specific Name and Synonyms. 

Schizanthus pinnatus. Ruiz et Pan. Prodr. p. 4. Fl. 
Peruv. 1. p. 13. t. 17. Vahl Enum. 1. p. 171. Roem. 
etSch. Syst. Veg. 1. p. 137, 



Descr. Stem erect, branched at the upper part, rounded : 
branches covered with glandular hairs. Leaves interrupt- 
edly pinnate : pinna pinnatifid : leaflets unequal, larger 
one denticulate, smaller entire. Bractes generally two at 
the base of the petiole, looking one way ; lower ones incised 
at the base ; upper ones quite entire. Petiole one-flowered. 
Calyx five-cleft : segments broadest towards the apex. 
Cor. one-petaled. bilabiate : upper-lip 5-cleft : laciniaj 
spreading, the upper one obovate, spotted at the base; 
the rest irregularly incised : lower-lip 3-cleft ; the two 
lateral laciniae sickle-shaped, truncate; lower one chan- 
nelled, deeply emarginate. Filaments two, sterile, inserted 
into the upper lip, two fertile, inserted into the lower lip : 
anthers blue. Germen superior, ovate. Style longer than 
stamens, coloured ; stigma simple, whitish. 

Upon comparing our plant with the figure given of it in 
the Flora Peruviana, we were inclined to consider it as a 
distinct species ; but upon comparing our drawing with the 

specimen 



specimen of Schizanthis pinnatus in that work, we find the 
resemblance so near, that we cannot venture to consider 
them as distinct. 

This very curious plant flowered, for the first time pro- 
bably in Europe, in the collection of John Walker, Esq. 
in March last, which, and the preceding month are said to 
be its season of flowering in Chili, of which country it is a 
native. 



N.zm: 




( 2405 ) 

Calceolaria scabios^folia. Scabious- 
leaved Slipper-wort. 

Class and Order. 

DlANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. 4-partitus. Cor. bilabiata : labium inferius infla- 
tum, calceiforme. Caps, semibivalvis, valvulis bifidis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Calceolaria scabiosafolia ; foliis inferioribus pinnatis ; su- 

perioribus pinnatifidis, trilobis simplicibusque. Roem. 

etSch. I. p. 187. 
Calceolaria heterophylla. Willd. Enum. 1. p. 29. ad ca- 

hm paginee; nee Ruizii vel Vahlii. 
Calceolaria pinnata ; foliis pinnatis,, caule dichotomo ra- 

dicante. Fl. Peruv. 1. p. 14. t. 19. / a. 
Calceolaria foliis scabiosae vulgaris. Feuill. Peruv. 3. 

p. 12. t. 7. 



Descr. Stem rounded, hairy, especially at the upper 
part. Leaves opposite, with connate petioles, pinnate : pin- 
n ® sometimes confluent : young leaves hairy, adult ones 
^ooth. Peduncles hairy, subcorymbose, one -flowered. 
Calyx 4-parted: leaflets round -oval, acuminate, ciliatc. 
yorolla 2-lipped : upper-lip very short, concave hooded : 
toner-lip very large, nearly orbicular, flattened, with a 
narrow opening. Stamens two : Filaments with two arms 
attached to the corolla by the middle : one arm bears a 
J^e-celled anther, concealed under the hood of the upper- 
«P, the other sterile arm is exserted. Germen pubescent, 
jocular : Style conical, a little curved. Stigma simple. 
wules many, affixed to a central receptacle. 



We have no doubt but that this is the Calceolaria pin- 
nata of the Flora Peruviana, but appears to be very differ- 
ent from the pinnata of Hortus Kewensis, figured in this 
work, at No. 41, whatever allowance is made for the great 
variety of forms assumed by the leaves ; which induced 
Willdenow to give it the name of heterophylla ; a name 
already applied to another species. 

Raised from Chili seeds, by John Walker, Esq. and 
communicated by him, in flower, in March last. Appears 
to be biennial. 



Fig. 1. Represents the calyx and pistillum. 

2. A front view of the corolla. 

3. A side view of the same, shewing the sterile arms of the filaments. 




N2406. 






k *™, ft*, rtu.ljirtno, Jjm/j;fJJ. 




( 2406 ) 

Banksia latifolia. Broad-leaved 
Banksia. , 

Class and Order, 
Tetrandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. 1 -petala. Stam. apicibus concavis corollae immersa. 
SquamuU hypogynae. Folliculus ligneus, 2-locularis : 
loculis 1-spermis; dissepimento libero, bifido. Amentum 
flosculorum paribus tribracteatis. Br. 

Specific Character and Synonyins. 

Banksia latifolia ; foliis obovato-oblongis spinuloso-ser- 
ratis basi acutis subtus costatis reticularis cinereo- 
tomentosis, corollaB unguibus sericeis : laminis glabri 
caule fruticoso. Brown in Lin. Soc. Transac. 10. p 
208. Prodr. 394. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 1. p. 217. 
Roem. et Sch. Si/st. Veg. 3. p. 441. 

Banksia Robur. Cavan. ic. 6. p. 29. t. 543. 

Banksia Dilleniaefolia. Knight et Salisb. Prot. 113. 

Banksia uncigera. Knight et Salisb. Prot. 112. 



M. Cavanilles describes this shrub as a tree thirty feet 
"H>h.> in which he is followed by Mr. Salisbury ; but we 
are informed by Mr. Brown, in his Prodromus, that it is 
on ty a low shrub, growing plentifully in the marshes 
n ear Sidney, New South Wales. This mistake respecting 
Jts height originated with Mr. Nee, whose observations, 
however, with regard to altitude, texture, and utility of 
^timber, belong, Mr. Brown observes, to Banksia serrata. 

At the time of the publication of Aiton's Hortus Kew- 
e nsis it appears not to have flowered in this country. In 
iV e f* ne conservatory belonging to Edward Gray, Esq. at 
panngay House, where our drawing was taken, it flowered 
last August. 



Mm 




C 2407 ) 
Nerine pulchella. Pale pink Nerine. 

***************** 

Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Bulbus subrotundus. Folia bifaria, angusta, hiemalia 
aestate depereuntia. Scopus altus, sub-prscox, autum- 
nalis. Umbella sub-20-flora. Mores inodori. Pedunculi 
sub-erecte divaricati. Germen breve, rotundate trigonum, 
pedunculo directe continuatum, vel (corolla difformiorej 
declinatum, 3-loculare, loculis 2-14-spermis. Corollce 
tubus nullus, laciniae sub-aecjuales, undulatae, angustae, 
patentes, usque ad germen divisae, basis medio infra fila- 
mentorum junctionem, eis adhaerentes. Filamenta versus 
basin latiora, gibbosa, et in nectarium liquore saepe reple- 
tum coalescentia; alterna longiora, nisi casu irregularia; 
breviora corollas laciniis exterioribus adhaBrentia. Stigma 
tnfidum, superne fimbriatum. Capsula trilocularis, tri- 
sulca, trivalvis, difformis plerumque et seminibus imma- 
tuns disrupta. Semina parva, carnosa, integumento viridi 
non separabili, compressione angularia, parte exteriore 
fotundata et aliquando sub-purpurascentia. W. H. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Nerine pulchella; foliis glaucis, scapo bipedali, corolla 
sub-difformi, pall id e subrubescente, rubro striata, 
loculis circiter 8-spermis. 

Serine pulchella. Nobis in appendice, p. 19. 

AJescr. Bulb tinged with purple and green. Leaves 

above half an inch wide, glaucous. Scape in our specimen 

w o feet three inches. Flowers about seven, a little dis- 

or ted. Corolla very pale pink, striped with red, the 

colour 



colour brighter in the bud. Style and filaments white, 
curved. Spathe reddish. Cells about o- seeded. This 
species has been confounded, in the nurseries near London, 
with Humilis (supra 726), a very distinct plant, with short 
scape, bright red flowers, and narrow green leaves ; but it 
approaches nearer to fiexuosa. Its peduncles are much 
elongated as the flowers decay. The whole genus are 
natives of South Africa. The warmer the bulbs are kept 
during their season of rest, when left dry, in the summer, 
the more certainly will they bloom. W. H. 



Reference to the Figure of the Dissection. 

a. Section of the flower, shewing the gibbous union of the filament*, 
which characterises the genus Nerine. 



( 2408 ) 

SCIIXA AMtENULA. FEW-FLOWERED SQUILL. 

******************* 

Class and Order, 

Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 
Cor. 6-petaIa, patens, decidua. Filamenta filiformia. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Scilla amcenula; scapo quinqu-angulo, racerao trifloro, 
pedunculis nutantibus, corollis cainpanulato-patulis, 
bracteis brevissimis. Horn. Hort. Hafn. p. 331. 

Scilla azurea. Goldbach in Mem. Soc. Imp. Nat. Scrut. 
Mosq. 5, p. 125. 

Scilla amoena. Redoute Lit. t. 130. nee. t. 298. 

Scilla cernua; scapo paucifloro, floribus lateralibus nu- 
tantibus campanulatis, pedicellis coloratis brevissimis, 
bracteis minimis. Flor. Cauc. t. 3. p. 266? exclusis 
synonymis omnibus praeter Horneman et Goldbach. 



We have little doubt but that Scilla ammna {Bot. Mag. 
No. 341), sibirica (No. 1025) and our present plant, are 
three distinct species. The latter has an ovate bulb with 
dark brown integuments, generally three leaves, at the time 
of flowering scarcely two inches long, erect, divergent, 
lanceolate. Scapes three or four, from the same root, an- 
gular, twice as long as the leaves, bearing from one to 
wee blue flowers. Corolla stellately patent. Filaments 
subulate, longer than the germen, not half the length 
°_| the petals. Anthers oblong, blue with green pollen. 

errnen orbicular, obscurely trigonous. Style shorter 

n an the stamens. Stigma simple. 

of j ill a sibirica differs from amoznula in its greater number 
leaves, which are broader upwards, and curved towards 

the 



the end ; it bears more flowers, which are more eernuous 
and do not open so wide, but remain more campanulate. 

The synonymy of these plants is extremely confused, 
Redoute's Liliacese, t. 298 is quoted in the Flora Caucasica, 
as a synonym of cernua, though it certainly represents the 
amcena of the Botanical Magazine. In this work there are 
two figures under the name of Scilla amcena ; the other 
tab. 130, apparently represents our present plant, differing 
little, except in its greater number of leaves. 

If Scilla cernua of the Flora Caucasica be the same spe- 
cies, it is very common throughout all middle Russia, where 
spontaneous specimens bear generally one or two flowers, 
very rarely three. 

Communicated in March last by Mr. Anderson of the 
Chelsea garden, who raised a number of plants from seeds 
sent by Mr. Otto of the Berlin garden, under the name 
of Scilla amamula. 



I*£D9 




( 2409 ) 
Itea virginica. Virginian Itea. 

ilfc Aft fVw A jfc .'fr. jt^ jfc .4*. A A .•'fr. ilt afc ■•i'. ■ <> I / . A ^li. 
<f« W <I* >t> <f» -r» *!> <1> W <t» -f» W Vf» Vf» VN ♦ <f» 4» 

C7«ss awe? Order. 

PeNTANDRIA MONOGYTJIA. 

Generic Character. 

Petala longa calyci inserta. Caps. 1-locularis? 2-valvis, 
margine introflexo seminiferis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Itea virginica; foliis ovatis acutis serratis. JVilld. Sp. PI. 

1. />. 1146. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 2. p. 37. Trew>. 

EAref. 55. t. 95. L'HereL Stirp. I. p. 138. 
Itea virginica ; foliis oblongis serratis, spicis pubescen- 

tibus. Pursh. Fl. Amer. Sept. 1. p. 171. Michaux 

Fl. Amer. Bor. 1. p. 157. 
Diconangia. Mitch. Gen. n. 5. 



Itea virginica forms a handsome shrub, which seldom 
exceeds five or six feet in height. It has been observed 
not to thrive well in a dry gravelly soil. 

The Cyrilla of Linn2eus has been joined to this genus 
by L'Heretier, which is followed in the Hortus Kewensis, 
and by Willdenow and most modern botanists ; but M. 
Richard, in Michaux's Flora of North America, will not 
allow the propriety of this union. This author also refers 
Itea to the natural order of Saxifrages, not to the Rhodo- 
oendra of Jussieu, notwithstanding its having a single 
style. 

Cultivated in this country as long ago as the year 
1744, by Archibald, Duke of Argyle. Flowers from June 
to August. Propagated by layers. Communicated by 
John Walxer, Esq. Arno's Grove. 




Jmic 



( 2410 ) 

Ageratum strictum. Upright 
Ageratum. 

Class and Order. 
Syngenesia Polygamia .ZEqualis. 

Generic Character. 

Receipt, nudum. Pappus paleis 5, subaristatis. Cat. 
oblongus, duplici foliorum serie. Corollulce 4 — s. 5-fidae. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Ageratum strictum; caule erecto simplice scabro, foliis 
cordatis rugoso-venosis inaequaliter serratis, peduncu- 
lis coloratis. 



We believe that this plant has not been hitherto noticed 
in any publication, and we regret that our memoranda 
concerning it, and specimen have been lost. All that we 
know respecting it is, that it was communicated by Messrs. 
Whitley, Brame, and Milne of the Fulham Nursery, in 
November 1821 ; and that it was raised from seeds re- 
ceived from Dr. Wallich of Calcutta, and marked as 
coming from Nepaul. It is probably an annual, and not 
having much beauty to recommend it, has not been pre- 
served. 



Ihu. 




( 2411 ) 

PlTCAIRNlA STAMINEA. LofcC- 
STAMENED PlTCAIRNlA. 

****************** 

Class and Order. 

Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 3-partitus, inferus, persistens. Petala 3 ; squama 
nectarifera ad basin petalorum (nunc deficiens). Stigmata 
3, contorta. Caps. 3, introrsum dehiscentes. Semina 
alata, aut utrinque in setam longam terminata. 

Specific Character. 

Pitcairnia staminea; foliis lineari-lanceolatisintegerrimis, 
laciniis corollae revolutis, staminibus corolla longio- 
ribus. 

Pitcairnia staminea. Lodd. Cab. 773. 



Descr. Leaves linear lanceolate, two feet long, sharp 
pointed, quite entire, with a smooth margin. Scape rising 
from the centre of the leaves, four feet long, jointed, with 
a leaf-like braete at each joint, smaller and smaller in 
ascending, terminating in a pyramidal raceme of flowers, a 
foot and half long. A lanceolate braete, at the base of each 
Peduncle, grows shorter and shorter at each flower, till 
Jt becomes very minute. Peduncles horizontal, alter- 
nate, one-flowered, lower ones an inch and a half long. 
Calyx 3-leaved : leaflets acute, erect; embracing the base 
°f the corolla very tight, and only one-third of its length. 
Petals three, linear, two inches long, conniving into a 
cylindrical tube, revolute at the points only. Stamens six, 
e xserted. Filaments nearly twice the length of the petals, 
ln to the base of which they are inserted. Anthers 
eject, linear, fixed by the base to the extremity of the 

lament. Germen superior, conical, three -sided, three - 

celled. 



celled. Style the length of the stamens: stigmas three, 
spirally twisted together and revolute. 

This fine plant appears to us not to have been hitherto 
described. It is a native of South America,, whence it 
was sent by Sir Thomas Hardy to Lady Campbell, and 
given by her Ladyship to Messrs. Whitley, Brames, and 
Milne, of the Fulham Nursery, in whose stove our drawing 
was taken, in January, 1823. 



Imi. 




( 2412 ) 

Vestia lycioides. Box-thorn-ltke 
Vestia. 

■?{? vk VJS. Vf." vf. VK vf* n>> MS vj> >K Vf. vf.' vf> VK Tpf vf. «T 

CTass ««rf Order. 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. campanulatus, 5-dentatus. Cor. infuudibuliformis, 
tubo calyce triplo longiore. Stigma capitatum. Cops. 2- 
locularis, 4-valvis. Sem. nuda. Embryo rectus ! 

Specific Name and Synonyms. 

Vestia lycioides. Willd. Enum. 1. p. 208. DoninEdinb. 

Phil. Journ. No. 14. Bo*. Reg. 299. 
Cantua ligustrifolia. Jwss. in Ann. du Mus. Hist. Nat 3. 

p. 1 18. et. 15. p. 341 . Roem. et Sch. Syst. Veg. 4. p. 366. 
Periphragmos fcetidus. Ruiz, et Pav. FL Peruv. 2. p. 17. 

t. 132. Exclusa figura capsular, quae pertinet ad 

Cantuae verae speciem. Don. 

GUEVILLGUEVILL. Incolis. 



The genus Cantua, to which our plant has been referred 
by Jussieu and other botanists, belongs to the natural 
order of Polemoniacece ; but Mr. Robert Brown, in the 
Botanical Register (No. 299) has referred Vestia to the 
SplanetE ; the justness of which arrangement has been 
S1 nce confirmed by Mr. David Don, from an examination 
°f the fruit. This able young botanist has likewise pointed 
out its near affinity to Cestrum, a genus also belonging 
to the family of Solanea. 

There is only one species of Vestia at present known, 

. r a full description of which we refer to Mr Don's observa- 

' tons on the natural family of plants called Polemoniacece, 

Published in the Edinburgh Philosophical Journal, for 

October 1822. 

It 



It is entirely on the authority of P Avon's specimen now 
in the Lambertian Herbarium, that the synonym from 
the Flora Peruviana is added, for the figure cited from 
that work is so incorrect, especially from the addition of 
the capsule of a true Cantua, that we should not have 
thought it intended for our plant. It was most probably 
owing to this error as Mr. Don remarks, that Jussieu was 
led to unite it with his Cantua. 

This handsome, but ill-scented, shrub is a native of Chili 
in South America. Is generally treated as a greenhouse 
plant ; but, if the winter prove mild, will do very well 
without protection. Mr. Jos. Knight in the King's Road, 
Chelsea, had a very fine plant, which stood in the open 
air through the winter of 1721 — 2, flowered and produced 
fruit the following summer, but the severe frost of 1722—3 
destroyed it. It is readily propagated by cuttings. 

Flowers in April, May, and June. Communicated by 
Aylmer Bourre Lambert, Esq. from his collection at 
Boyton, in April last. 



Izm 




VdiZt- 



( 2413 ) 

LiUPINUS MICRO CARPUS. SmALL-PODDED 

Lupin. 

Class and Order. 

DlADELPHIA DECANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 2-labiatus. AnthercB 5 oblongae ; 5 subrotundse. 
Legum. coriaceum, torulosum, compressum. 

Specific Character. 

Lupinus microcarpus ; foliis digitatis, calycibus verticillatis 
inappendiculatis : labio superiore emarginato inferiore 
bifido ter breviore, leguminibus rhombeis hirsutis 
dispermis. 



Descr. Stem branched. Leaves digitate : leaflets 9-10, 
lanceolate, hairy on the under surface, smooth on the 
upper : petioles twice the length of the leaflets, pubescent. 
Stipules subulate. Peduncle terminal. Flowers blue, in 
a verticillate spike : whorls six-flowered. Bractes small, 
hairy. Calyx inappendiculate (unless the bractes, which 
are distinct from the calyxes, are to be called appendices) 
bilabiate ; upper-lip much the shortest, emarginate ; 
lower-lip bifid. Vexillum oblong. Alee equalling the 
Ve xillum: Carina monopetalous, sharp -pointed. Anthers 10, 
five oblong, and five orbicular. Style the length of the 
stamens. Stigma capitate. Legume small, rhomb-shaped, 
niucronate by the persistent style, hairy : seeds two, varie- 
gated with black lines and dots. 

This species of Lupin is a native of Chili. It has not 

we 



we believe been heretofore described ; and differs from all 
the known species by its small two-seeded pods. We 
regret however that we did not receive these time enough 
to be added to the engraving". 

Raised from seeds by John Walker, Esq. of Arno's 
Grove. It flowered in April, and appears to be annual. 



I.zm±. 




ft^.tj./.6i»hi>.^-,- 



( 2414 ) 

hyoscyamtis oriental1s. oriental 
Henbane. 

******************** 

Class and Order. 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. infundibuliformis, obtusa. Stam. inclinata. Caps. 
operculata, bilocularis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Hyoscyamus orientalis ; foliis deltoideo-ovatis repandis, 

calycibus fructus tumidis, genitalibus exsertis. Bieb. 

Fl. Taur. Cauc. 1 . p. 164. Roem. et Sch. Syst. Veg. 4. 

p. 312. 
Hyoscyamus orientalis Beta? folio,, tuberosa radice. Tournef. 

Cor. p. 5. ex autopsia Herb. Tournef. M. v. Bieb. 



Hyoscyamus orientalis is very nearly related to physa- 
loicles (supra No. 852) but is different; the leaves are more 
pointed, and repand, and after the plant has flowered they 
grow to a very large size, having much the appearance of 
those of the Bete. The flowers are shorter than those of 
ft- physaloides, but the calyx, stamens, and style are longer 
<n proportion ; they are not of so dark a purple colour and 
wore conspicuously veined. Marschall v. Bieberstein 
also remarks that the root descends deep between the clefts 
m the rocks, and forms a germinating head the size of the 
fist, uneven from the buds being mixed with the remains of 
former stalks and petioles. 

A hardy perennial. Indigenous in Iberia and about the 
acidulous spring at Narzana. Flowers in April. Propa- 
gated by seeds. Communicated by A. B. Lambert, Esq. 
,rom his collection at Boyton. 



£?415. 




■r-UrtUiA. 



» Scwwwt't Jf*taJ/, 

( 2415 ) 

OXALIS ROSEA. CRIMSON OxALIS. 

******************* 

Class and Order. 

Decandria Pentagynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-phyilus. Petala unguibus connexa. Stam. inse- 
qualia : 5 breviora exteriora, basi connata. Caps, angiitis 
dehiscens, 5-gona. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Sect. 7. Foliis ternatis, pedunculis multifloris ; 
caulescentes. 

Oxalis rosea; caule erecto, ramoso, pedunculis longissimis, 
floribus subumbellatis ante expansionem cernuis, 
foliolis obcordatis sessilibus. 

Oxalis rosea; caule erecto, foliolis obverse cordatis, pe- 
dunculis divisis racemosis. Jacq. Oxal. n. 5. p. 25. 

Oxalis rosea ; caule erecto ramoso folioso, pedunculo foliis 
multo longiore bifido racemoso, foliis ternatis: foliolis 
obcordatis sessilibus. Willd. Sp. PL 2. p. 802. 

Oxys roseo flore erectior vulgo Culle. Fuillee obs. 2. 
p. 735. t. 23. 



Oxalis rosea has been hitherto known to botanists only 
% the description and figure of Feuillee, with which our 
Plant accords in too many respects to allow us to consider 
11 as a distinct species, though he describes the flowers as 
being of a pale red colour with darker streaks extending 
01 »ly half way along the petal ; but it is not improbable 
that the colour may vary in intensity in different individuals ; 
ail( l in the inflorescence, stem, foliage, and especially the 

extraordinary 



extraordinary length of the peduncles, the two plants per- 
fectly -accord. 

Feuillee describes it to be an annual plant, and observes 
that the Indians use it, in addition with other plants, to dye 
different colours; but this is perhaps only on account of 
the oxalic acid it may contain in common with the other 
species of the genus, and not from any colouring matter 
in its composition. 

Native of Chili, growing in wet places along the sides 
of ditches. Communicated in April last, by John Walker, 
Esq. of Arno's Grove, who raised it from seeds sent from 
Chili. 



KU16. 




( 2416 ) 

LlMONIA PARVIFLORA. SMALL-FLOWERED 
LlMONIA. 

."!'. A' >fo .'& ,'t'- &. jfr rt'. .-I'. &. >V. ?V. t 4*j &. >V- &, rl'. 

Class and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. 5-partitus. Petala 5. Drupa 3-locularis. Sem. 
>litaria. 



Specific Character. 

iiMosikparviflora; inermis, foliis bijugis : foliolis elliptico- 
lanceolatis iniegerrimis, corollis campanulatis, baccis 
oblato-sphaeroideis obliquis. 



This species of Limonia, though nearly allied to penta- 
)hylla, appears to differ in having more lanceolate leaves, 
Jut more especially in the campauulate form of the corolla, 
the petals being erect, and only spreading a little at the 
points. The fruit in our plant approaches to a globular 
form, a little flattened, and considerably oblique. This 
obliquity is probably owing to one of the seeds only com- 
ing to maturity, which compresses the other two cells into 
a small space, and throws the insertion of the style to one 
s »de, though in the germen the style occupies the centre. 

Native of China, whence it was sent to the Horticultural 
Society, at whose recent, but magnificent establishment, 
at Chiswick, our drawing was taken in March last ; at 
*hieh time it had both flowers and ripe fruit. Cultivated 
in the stove. 



A,?4Z7. 




( 2417 ) 
Acacia diffusa. Awl-leaved Acacia, 

****************** 

Class and Order. 

PoLYGAMIA MONCECIA. 

Generic Character. 

Hermaphrod. Cal. 5-dentatus. Cor. 5-fida vel 5-pe- 
tala. Stain. 4 — 100. Plst. 1. Legum. bivalve. 

Masc. Cat. 5-dentatus. Cot- o-hda. s. 5-petala. Stain. 
4-100. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 
Sect. 1. Foliis simplicibus. 

Acacia diffusa; foliis linearibus uninerviis curvatis pun- 
gent i -mucronatis, pedunculis axillaribus geminis folio 
brevjoribus, capitulis globosis. 

Acacia diffusa ; ram is procumbenti-difFusis glabris, foliis 
linearibus uninerviis acumine obliquo, spinula marti- 
nis inferioris continna praefixis; stipulis minimis cadu- 
cis ; capitulis subgeminis globosis. Bot. Reg. 634. 



The genus Acacia is referred by Jussieu to his natural 
°»'der of LEGUMiNoSiE; but Brown, in Flinder's Voyage, 
vol. 2. p. 55 \ } } ias established a family of Mimosece, con- 
sisting of LinnjEus's Mimosa, divided by Wildenow into 
nve genera, together with Adenanthera and Prosopis. 

Mr. Brown observes, that " nearly the whole of the 
Australasian species belong to Acacia of Willdenow, as at 
Pfesent constituted, and that nine-tenths of them belong to 
11 s first division, having what he calls simple leaves, but 
^hich are in reality aphyllous, the dilated foliaceous foot- 
stalk performing the functions of the true compound leaf, 
Vy nieh is produced only in the seedling plant, or occasion- 
"'"yiu the more advanced state, in particular circumstances, 
r where plants have been injured. The great number of 

species 



species of Acacia having this remarkable property in Terra 
Australis forms one of the most striking- peculiarities of its 
vegetation ; nearly a hundred species have been already 
observed. But though the leafless Acaciae are thus nume- 
rous and general in Terra Australis, they appear to be 
very rare in other parts of the world." 

Acacia diffusa is supposed to be a native of the newly 
discovered country beyond the Blue Mountains, in New 
South Wales. Introduced by Messrs. Colville of the 
King's Road. Is an ornamental greenhouse shrub. Flow- 
ers in April. Communicated by John Walker, Esq. 



.. 




( 2418 ) 

Calceolaria corymbosa. Corymbose 
Slipper-wort. 



Class and Order. 

DlANDRIA MoNOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. ringens, inflata. Caps. 2-locularis, 2-valvis. Cat. 
4-partitus, aequalis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Calceolaria corymbosa; foliis radicalibus ovatis corda- 
tisque petiolatis bicrenatis, caulinis cordatis semiam- 
plexicaulibus. Flor. Peruv. 1. p. 14. t. 20. f. b. 
Persoon. Syn. I. p. 15. n. 6. Roem. et Sch. Syst. Veg. 
1. p. 181. ubi Cavanilles errore citatur. 



Desc. Stem simple, erect, square, hairy, without leaves 
at the lower part. Radical leaves petioled, ovate some- 
times cordate, obtuse, doubly crenate, white underneath, 
j'ugose- veined, hairy. Cauline leaves distant, opposite, 
half-stem -embracing. Flowers in a corymbose panicle, on 
long slender peduncles. Calyx four-leaved : leaflets ovate, 
•^reading. Cor. bilabiate : upper lip very small : lower-lip 
'arge, inflated, with a small opening, where it is marked on 
f he inside with red lines. Filaments inserted at the base 
W the upper lip, very short : anthers 2-lobed : lobes diva- 
gate, one concealed under the upper lip, the other project- 
ed beyond; both fertile. Germen round : style very short. 

This beautiful species of Calceolaria is a native of Chili, 
and was raised from seeds, sent from that country, by Mr. 
Walker, at his seat, Arno's Grove, Southgate, where our 
Rawing was taken in May last. It is supposed to be 
annual, and consequently to be propagated by seeds only. 

sta* CalyX with pisti1, b ' CoroWa dissected longitudinally to shew the 



IM9: 




( 2419 ) 

Ornithogalum gramineum. Grass- 
leaved Star of Bethlem. 

***»«»«&*«« 

Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. 6-petala, erecta, persistens, supra medium patens. 
Filamenta basi dilatata. Caps, trilocularis. Sem. subro- 
tunda, nuda. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Ornithogalum gramineum; scapo angulato foliis linearibus 
altiore, floribus umbellatis, pedunculis erectis, petalis 
ovatis acutis striatis. 

Lilio-Narcissus polyanthos, albus, Phalangii flore. Feuill. 
Observ. v.3. p. 30. t. 21? 



This plant has not, as far as we can discover, been 
hitherto described, except the one quoted from Feuillee 
be the same, which is doubtful, from the linear reflexed 
spathe represented in his figure. It appears to have a near 
affinity with Allium striatum (No. 1095 and 1524) ; and 
also to Allium inodorum (No. 1129,) both of which plants 
being quite destitute of the garlicky scent, having a two- 
v alved spathe, and filaments dilated at the base, appear to 
l, s to belong rather to Ornithogalum than to Allium. We 
believe the same observation might be extended to Allium 
subhirmtum (No. 774, erroneously there named ciliatum). 

The name of Ixioides seemed so appropriate to our plant, 
that we were at first much inclined to think it might be 
that species, a native of California, of which we know no 

more 



& 



more than the character given in the Hortus Kewensis, not 
having been able to find any specimen of it ; but the fila- 
ments being there described to be forked, bearing the 
anthers in the middle, we are constrained to consider the 
two plants as specifically distinct. 

Our present subject is a native of Chili, and was raised 
from seeds which came from that country, by our friend 
John Walker, Esq. Flowers in May. Is probably hardy 
enough to bear our climate in the open air provided the 
bulbs are protected from frost. 



Nmo. 




( 2420 ) 

Geranium macrorhizon. Long-rooted 
Cranes-bill. 

V$» ^ Vf> \^' VJ* Vf» Jp» ^ tjtt^ /|\"4s <5* ^r 'K v 

Cfoss <m$ Order. 

MONADELPHIA DECANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Col. 5-phyllus. Cor. 5-petala., regularis. Nect. Glandulse 
5, melliferae, basi longiorum filamentorum adnatae. Arilli 
5, monospermy aristati,, ad basin receptaculi rostrati; aristis 
nudis, simplicibus (nee spiralibus., nee barbatis). 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Geranium macrorhizon ; pedunculis bifloris, calycibus 
globoso-inflatis., petalis integris., foliis quinquelobis 
dentatis,, caule dichotomo Willd. Sp. PI. 3. p. 699. 
Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 4. p. 185. 

Geranium macrorhizon ; pedunculis bifloris, calycibus 
inflatis, petalis integris, pistillo longissimo, scapo 
dichotomo. Mant. 343. Jacq. Collect. 1. p. 258. Ic. 
rar. 1. t. 134. fig. mala. 

Geranium macrorhizon ; foliis oppositis quinque-lobatis, 
calycibus inflatis sphaericis rubris, pistillo declinato 
longissimo. Cav. Diss. 4. p. 212. t. 85. /. 1. 

Geranium batrachioides odoratum. Bauh. Pin. 318. Moris. 
Hist. p. 514. Sect. 5. t. 16. /. 15. 

Geranium macrorhizon. Hort. Eystt. 1. Ord. vern. t. 25. 

Geranium batrachioides alterum, longius radicatum. Lob. 
ic 1. t. 660. /. 1. Dod. pempt. p. 63. f. 3. Ger. 
emend. 942. /. 4. 



Radical leaves peltate (that is, the footstalk is inserted 
Within the margin of the leaf), live-lobed ; posterior lobes 

divided 



divided half-way down, all of them coarsely toothed : teeth 
rounded., and terminated with a small mucro, strongly 
veined ; cauline leaves three-lobed. Stem dichotomous, 
somewhat longer than the leaves. Peduncles 1 — 4-flow- 
ered. Calyx globular, inflated: segments acuminate. Petals 
obovate, quite entire, beautifully netted- veined. Stamens 
5-10, Style lengthening very much after deflorescence, 
arched at the top. Stigmas 5, dark purple, Nectarial 
glands green, persistent after the fall of the flower. The 
Arilli are simple, not spiral, and naked. The whole plant 
except the flower is covered with short hairs, which are 
longer on the under side of the leaf in the course of the 
veins. It diffuses an agreeable scent when rubbed. 

In habit this species approaches nearest to anemonefo- 
lium, and as in that, the lower part of the stem becomes 
frutescent when protected from frost. 

Native of Italy. A hardy perennial. Propagated by 
seeds, or by parting its roots in the autumn. Flowers in 
May and June. Cultivated in the English gardens in 
Lobel's time, before 1576 ; but is at present not so com- 
monly met with as it deserves to be, from its beauty and 
easy culture. 



«* N 



Wfa 



M.mi 







tub.lyJxu*.;.Tf~^Iv 



( 2421 ) 

Alstrcemeria pulchra. Fair 
Alstrcemeria. 

Class and Order. 

Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. 6-petala, subbilabiata : petalis interioribus basi 
subtubulosis. Stamina declinata. Germen inferum, 3-6- 

angulare. v 

Specific Character. 

Alstrcemeria pulchra; caule erecto, foliis lineari-lanceo- 
latis„ pedunculis sub-umbellatis involucratis trifloris, 
pedicellis tortuosis, petalis exterioribus obcordatis 
mucronatis. 



In the species plantarum of Linnaeus only three species 
£ Alstrcemeria are recorded : in the Flora Peruviana 
^uiz and Pavon have described twenty-three, and given 
"gures of nearly the whole, yet our present plant does not 
appear to have been included among them, except it may 
"e their Ligtu, which we have before observed appears 
ue different from what is now so denominated. 

Of the species which have been introduced into this 
country there is no one exceeds, or, as we think, altoge- 
ther equals in beauty, the present plant. It approaches 
nearest to Pelegrina, but can hardly be considered as a 
!? n ety of that. In habit and characters it seems interme- 
a, ate between it and pulchella (No. 2353.) 

^ative of Chili. Communicated by John Walker, Esq. 

* Arno's grove, Southgate, whose assiduity has been lately 

t . r °wned with particular success in rearing so many beau- 

ul and rare plants from that country. 



( 2422 ) 

PlJLMONARIA MOLLIS. SoFT LUNG-WORT. 

****************** 
Class and Order. 

PENTANDRIA MoifOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. infundibuliformis, fauce pervia. Cal. prismatico- 
pentagonus. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

A. Calyces longitudine tubi corollas. 

"ulmonaria mollis ; foliis ovato-lanceolatis acuminatis 
pubescenti-tomentosis decurrentibus ; radicalibus pe- 
tiolatis,, calycibus tubo sublongioribus. Hornem. 
Hort. Hafn. p. 179. Roem. et Sch. 4. p. 53. 

Ulmonaria mollis. De Cand. Fl. franc. Suppl. p. 420. 
excluso synonymo Pollichii. Poir. Encycl. Suppl. 4. 
P- 621. 

Ulmonaria vulgaris y. Lin. Sp. PL 194. mild. I. p. 768. 
Kniph. Cent. 1. n. 72. Knorr Thes. 2. t. P. 2. 

nJtMONARiA II. non maculoso folio. Clus. Hist. 2. p. 169. 

Pumonaria mollis is very nearly allied to angustifolia, the 
c Juef differences observed by authors being the proportion- 
ately greater length of the calyx, broader sinuses of the 
,a cinia3 of the corolla, and the softer more silky pubescence 
ot the leaves ; but Mr. John Denson, the very intelligent 
Orator of the botanic garden at Bury St. Edmunds, informs 
^ that these two plants are remarkably different in their 
"lode of growth; angustifolia sending out its flowering 
n erns horizontally, close to the ground, and even when the 
"°wers open being only moderately assurgent, whereas the 

^oi mollis are in all their stages quite erect, 
on m dy P erennia l- Native of the Pyrenees, particularly 
J 1 Mount Llaurenti, in shady places. Communicated by 
• 5. Hodson, Esq. to whose exertions the Bury garden 
^ l *s existence and progressive advancement. 



N.U13. 




% \U 




■ Wii»w;. 



ThUsH^ 



( 2423 ) 

Erysimum lanceolatum /3. minus. Sweet- 
scented Alpine Hedge-Mustard. 

******************** 

Class and Order. 
Tetradynawha Siliquosa. 

Generic. Character. 

Siliqua tetragona. Semina immarginata. Cotyledones 
incumbentes. Stigma capitatum^ nunc emarginatum lobulis 
patentibus. Calyx clausus. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Erysimum lanceolatum; foliis inferioribus lanceolatis den- 

tatis; superioribus sublinearibus integris, unguibus 

calyce longioribus : laminis orbiculato-obovatis, sili- 

quis erectis., stigmate subsessili. De Cand. Syst. Veg. 

% Nat. 2. p. 502. 

(<*•) majus ; caule simplici aut ramoso, pedali, rigido. 

d. c. i. c. 

Cheiranthus erysimoides. Lin. Sp. PL 923. Jacq. FL 

Austr. t. 74. 
(P) minus ; caule subsimplici, interdum multicauli subad- 

scendente. D. C I. c. 
Erysimum diffusum. Bot. Reg. 388. exclusis synonymis. 
^heiranthus alpinus. Lin. Mant. 93? Flor. Lapp. cd> 

Smith, p. 224? 
Erysimum alpinum. Pers. Syn. 2. p. 200. 
^heiranthus decumbens, C. firmus, et C. pumilus. 

Schleich. plant, sice. 
^eucoium angustifolium, alpinum, flore sulphureo. Tourn. 

Inst. 222. Allioni Specim. p. 44. t. 9. / 2. et 3. 
^eucoium, sive Keiri alpinum flore sulphureo odoratis- 
fi simo. Joncq. Hort. p. 72. ex Allioni. /. c. 
^esperis foliis glabris linearibus lanceolatis obiter dentatis. 

Hall. Hist. 449. t. 14. 

Erysimum 



Erysimum lanceolatum*m2L)\is and minus appear to us to 
be rather distinct species than varieties, but we do not 
venture to deviate from the authority of De Candolle, 
particularly as all authors agree that these plants are ex- 
tremely subject to variation. From the Cheiranthus alpinus 
of Jacquin our plant differs in being ascendent, not erect. 
The pubescence both in the cultivated and wild state is 
simple, not bipartite ; the flowers are much larger and 
most charmingly fragrant, which in Jacquin's plant are 
described to be without scent ; the claws of the petals in 
our plant are much longer than the calyx, but in the other 
only equal to it. The figures quoted from Allioni are 
good representations of our plant in its native state ; under 
cultivation it is sometimes branched, but is always of 
humble growth, never cc upright and from one to three feet 
high." From its delicate sulphur-coloured flowers, as well 
as their charming fragrance, it is a plant well worth a place 
in the flower-garden, and is particularly adapted for orna- 
menting rock-work. 

Native of the Alps both in the south and north of Europe. 
Flowers in May and June. Communicated by Messrs. 
Whitley, Brames, and Milne, of the Fulham Nursery. 



1 14:14: 




( 2424 ) 

CEnothera tenella, Slender- 
twigged OENOTHERA. 

Class and Order. 

OCTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 
Caps. 4-locularis, 4-valvis, infera. Sem. nuda. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

(Enothera tenella ; ramis flexilibus, foliis lanceolato- 

spathulatis aggregatis, stylo staminibus breviore, 

calycis tubo brevissimo. 
CEnothera tenella ; caule herbaceo erecto, foliis ovato- 

oblongis, antheris altemis subsessilibus. Cav. Ic. 4. 

p. 66. t. 396. /. 2. 
IEnothera tenella; foliis oblongo-obovatis, capsulis cylin- 

dricis curvatis. Flor. Peruv. 3. p. 80. t. 316. f. 6. 
^nothera Romanzovii. Don. in Bot. Reg. 562? Hornem. 

Hort. Hafn. Suppl. 1. p. 133? Link. Enum. Hort. 

Berol. 1. p. 378? 



CEnothera tenella was first described and figured by 

av anilles ; but his figure being very inaccurate, the 

ut nors of the Flora Peruviana thought it necessary to give 

another representation of it, but likewise taken from a 

ar |ed specimen. 

Mr. Don, to whom we are indebted for pointing out to 
s j . our plant was the tenella of Ruiz and Pavon, don- 
ers it to be the same species which has gone under the 
ame ot CEnothera Romanzovii; but if so, the former name 

has 



has the right of priority, as well as being more appropriate. 
The figure of the latter in the Botanical Register repre- 
sents a much stouter growing plant, but this may have 
been owing to the difference of soil, and to its being treated 
as a hardy annual. Our plant had the appearance of being 
suffruticose, as tenella is described to be in the Flora 
Peruviana. 

Raised from seeds sent from Chili, at Arno's grove, the 
seat of John Walker, Esq. by whom it was communicated 
in flower, in May last. 



R&&. 



■**&*■*■ 



( 2425 ) 

Hyacinthus amethystinus. Amethyst- 
coloured Hyacinth. 

******************* 

Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. campanulata, 6-fida. Pori 3 melliferi Germinis,, 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Hyacinthus amethystinus ; corollis campanulatis semisex- 

fidis basi cylindricis. Hort. lips. 35. Sp. PL 454. 

Willd. 2. p. 167. excluso synonymo Pallasii. Hort. 

Kew. ed. alt. 2. p. 282. Redoute Lit, 14. 
Hyacinthus hispanicus. Lam. Encycl. 3. p. 191. n. 5. 
Hyacinthus oblongo caeruleo flore minor. Bauh. Pin. 44. 

Rudb. Elys. 2. p. 27. f. 8. 
Hyacinthus minor hispanicus. Clus. Append, altera, cum 

icone. Ejusdem Cur. poster, p. 35. 
Hyacinthus minor hispanicus angustifolius. Bauh. Hist. 2. 

p. 587. cum icone Clusii. 



The Hyacinthus amethystinus of M. Lamarck, is not this 
Plant, but the H. patulus of Des Fontaines, and Scilla 
Patula of De Candolle ; so the amethysiina of Pallas is 

pollens of Marschall v. Bieberstein. 

"hough cultivated by Philip Miller in 1759, it is still 
?, Ver y rare plant. Native of Spain and Italy. Flowers in 
orl£ an< * ** une - Communicated by Mr. Anderson, curator 

the Apothecaries' botanic garden, Chelsea. 



( 2426 ) 

SPIRAEA BELLA. COMELY SpIR^A. 

********************* 
Class and Order. 

ICOSANDRIA PENTAGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 
Cal. 5-fidus. Petala 5. Capsules polyspermy. 



Specific Character. 

Spir^a bella; caule fruticoso, foliis ovatis acutis argute 
serratis subtus tomentoso-albidis, paniculis termina- 
libus foliaceis. 



Descr. A shrub of humble growth ; branches somewhat 
angular, hairy towards the extremity. Leaves oval, acute, 
finely serrate, entire at the base, smooth on the upper, and 
whitish -tomentose on the under surface. Petioles short, 
channelled, and ciliate. Flowers bright purple in a terminal 
panicle, intermixed with leaves. Peduncles pubescent. 
Valyx inferior, cup-shaped, with the five segments of the 
border reflexed. Petals five, orbicular, quite entire. Sta- 
mens much less numerous than in salicifolia. Filaments 
inserted in the edge of the cup of the calyx. When the 
nower first expands, the filaments are bowed inwards im- 
mersing the anthers within the cup of the calyx. Nectary 
a row of yellow glands within the filaments. Germens five, 
conical. Styles very short. Stigmas simple. 

The glandular nectary and the immersion of the anthers 
^ithin the cup of the calyx is perhaps common to all the 
'ruticose species ; we find the same organization in Spir2ea 
^Ucifolia and hypericifolia . The glands exist also in S. 

ulmaria ; 



ulmaria ; but the cup of the calyx in that species is much 
too small to contain the very numerous anthers. 

This undescribed shrub promises to be a great acquisi- 
tion to our gardens, the brilliancy of its flowers and deli- 
cacy of its foliage rendering it altogether beautiful. 

Supposed to be native of Nepal, being raised at the 
Fulham nursery, from Nepal seeds, presented to Mr. Milne 
by Robert Henry Jenkinson, Esq. together with above 
three hundred other kinds from the same country. Flowers 
in May. Appears to be hardy. 



The outline figure represents a vertical section of the flower a little 
magnified, shewing the insertion of the stamens, the glandular nectary, and 
the pistils, of which last only two of the five are seen. 




N.Z4ZX 



utti/.Wkt* 



( 2427 ) 

Magnolia acuminata. Blue Magnolia or 
Cucumber-Tree. 

Class and Order. 

POLYANDRIA PoLYGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal, 3-phyJlus. Pctala 6-9. Capsular bivalves, imbri- 
cate. Sem. baccata, pendula. 

Specific Character and Synonyms, 



Magnolia acuminata ; foliis ovato-oblongis acuminatis. 

Spec. PL 756. Willd. 2. p. 1257. Hort. Kew. ed. 

alt. 3. p. 331. Lam. Encycl. 3. p. 674. 
Magnolia acuminata ; foliis ovato-oblongis acuminatis 

subtus pubescentibus. Pcrsoon. Syn. 2. p. 93. 
Magnolia acuminata ; foliis ovalibus acuminatis subtus 

pubescentibus/ petal is obovatis obtusiusculis. Pursh. 

Amer. Sept. 2. p. 381. 
Magnolia llore albo^ folio majore actiminato baud albi- 

cante. Catesb. Car. Append, p. 15. t. 15. Gronov. 

Virg. 4to. p. 82. 



The first account that Mr. Catesby received of this plant 
*as from a specimen sent hirn by Mr. Clayton from Vir- 
ginia, being a branch of the only tree known in that 
country ; and it was probably from this dried specimen, 
that the figure in his Natural History of Carolina was 
taken ; and it appears to us that the flower was made out 
from one of Magnolia glauca, being very unlike that of 
?"r plant. Catesby informs us, that Mr. John Bartram of 
"ensylvania afterwards met with several in that country, 

some 



some of which, on the north side of the Sesquehannah 
river, were above a hundred feet in height. The wood, he 
says, has a fine grain, is very tough, and of a fine orange 
colour, and is used by the Indians for making bowls. The 
tree is deciduous, and one of the hardiest of the tribe. 

Native of Pensylvania, and the forests of New York. 
Introduced in 1736, by Peter Collinson, Esq. Flowers 
in May and June. Communicated by John Walker, Esq. 
of Arno's Grove, Southgate. 



X:m:'S. 




IM.KJ.k»rurr»i» i .. 



( 2428 ) 

IXORA ROSEA. ROSE-COLOURED IxORA. 

Class and Order. 
Tetrandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. 1-petala, infundibuliformis, longa, supera. Stamina 
supra faucem. Bacca 4-sperma (2-speima Roxb.) 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Ixora rosea ; foliis oblongis acutis subsessilibus, stipulis, 
rotundato-ovatis acuminatis, corymbis supra-decom- 
positis trichotomis terminalibus, laciniis corolla* cu- 
neatis acutis. 

Ixora rosea; foliis subsessilibus oblongis acutis basin versus 
angustatis cum sinu obsoleto, subtus villosis ; cymis 
supra-decompositis amplis laxis, terminalibus et in 
latere exteriore ramorum axiilaribus : limbi laciniis 
oblongis, cuneatis acutis. Bot. Reg. 50. Wallich in 
Roxb. Fl. Ind. 1. p. 398. 

Ixora rosea. Lodd. Cab. 729. 



We are informed by Dr. Wallich, in the work above 
quoted, that this fine shrub is a native of the hilly parts on 
the borders of Bengal, about Silhet, whence it was intro- 
duced into the Botanic Garden at Calcutta, in 1815, by 
Mr. M. R. Smith. 

'This shrub," Dr. Wallich observes, " is exceedingly ele- 
gant, on account of its large round corymbs, which for 
e Jght months in the year are produced in constant succes- 
sion. The colour of the flowers is a pale pink, gradually 
becoming reddish as they grow old, beautifully contrasting 
w *th the shining dark green leaves." There is in Roxburgh's 
**ora Indica, a detailed description of the species. 

Our 



Our drawing was made from a plant, communicated by 
Messrs. Loddiges and Sons, in February last ; and we re- 
ceived a specimen of the same species from Mr. Brookes, 
of Ball's Pond, in August 1820. 

It is a very free flowerer in our stoves, and if it should 
approach the same perfection in the artificial heat as it 
arrives at in the open air in a tropical climate, we may 
expect, as the plants grow older, that they will produce 
much larger heads of flowers. 

Requires to be kept constantly in the stove. Is propa- 
gated by cuttings. Should be potted in rich loam with a 
mixture of peat earth. 



I.24Z9. 





1 




H i : I %**, <UJrn* W.JJJB. 



VI 



ri*^ 1 -"- 



( 2429 ) 

Vitis riparia, mascula. Male sweet- 
scented Vine. 

&. A*. A". A'- A', A*- A'r A'^ A'- A'? &, A"- A"j &. A*, ."fr. A". 4 f . '•V 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Petala apice cohasreutia, emarcida. Bacca 5-sperma, 
supera. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Vitis riparia; (dioica) foliis inaequaliter inciso-dentatis 
breviuscule trifidis, petiolo, nervis margineque pu- 
bescentibus. Michaux. Fl. Bor.-Am.2.p.23l. Pursh. 
PL Am. Sept. I. p. 169. 

Vitis incisa. Jacq. Schcenb. 4. t. 427. 

Vitis odoratissima. Donn Cantab, ed. 9. p. 71. 

The American species of vine, according to Michaux, 
are all diaecious, that is, the male and female flowers are 
°n distinct trees. The plant from which our drawing was 
ta ken being male, of course produces no grapes. Mr. Pursh 
remarks that the female plants are seldom found north of 
JhePatowmac river, though the males extend very far 
j? e yond it. This observation reminds us of an analogous 
f act respecting the hop ; the male of which are found in 
almost every hedge in some parts of this country, whilst 
the females we believe are seldom seen with us except 
Under cultivation. The stems of this vine are finely grooved 
and later in the season, have a reddish brown tinge on the 
Parts exposed to the sun. The leaves have a very broad 
Sl nus at the base, are slightly divided into three lobes, the 
Se rratures are unequal and terminated with a soft mucro, 
tll ey are smooth on the upper surface, but on the under 

side, 



side, though more shining than on the upper, have their 
interstices between the veins filled with a very fine greenish 
tomentum, and are hairy along the nerves or larger veins, 
and round the margins, and also along the petioles. The 
tendrils are long, and divided towards the extremity, which, 
on the flowering branches represented in our figure, of 
course are not seen, for being produced in the vine by 
abortive peduncles, when these bear flowers, no tendrils 
appear. The peduncles are opposed to the petioles, and 
bear compound racemes, on which the flowers grow several 
together from the same point, forming a number of little 
detached umbels. 

Jacquin's Vitis incisa, is referred by Pursh to his cor- 
data; his figure, however, evidently represents our plant, 
which we think must be Michaux's riparia. 

Native of North America. Introduced, we believe, by 
the late Mr. Lyons, at whose sale our plant was bought by 
Mr. Walker, under the name of odoratissima, but Mi- 
chaux's name riparia has the right of priority. The flowers 
have a very sweet scent, which Pubsh compares to that of 
Mignionette. It is hardy, and like other vines readily pro- 
pagated by cuttings. 



( 2430 ) 
Pyrus Amelanchier. Alpine Pear. 

******************** 

Class and Order. 

ICOSANDRIA PeNTAGYNIA. 

i 

Generic Character. 

Cat. 5-fidus. Petala 5. Pomum inferum, 5-loculare, 
polyspermum. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Pyrus Amelanchier; foliis subrotundo-ellipticis acutis sub- 
tus pubescentibus, floribus racemosis, petalis lanceo- 
latis, fferminibus subvillosis, calycinis segmentis ; gla- 
bris. WiUd. Sp. PL 2. p. 1014. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 
p 207 

Pyrus Amelanchier; inermis, foliis ovalibus obtusis serratis 
subtus tomentosis calvescentibus, stipules lateralibus 
subulatis deciduis, racemo simplicipaucifloro, petal is 
sublinearibus. Lin. Suppl. p. 256. Smith in Rees 
Cycl. in loco. . . 

Pyrus foliis ovatis serratis, subtus tomentosis, calvescen- 
tibus. Hall. Hist. n. 1095. 

Mespilus Amelanchier; inermis, foliis ovalibus serratis, 
cauliculis hirsutis. Sp. PI 685. J «% ^ ustr ' 3 \& 
55. t. 300. Schmidt. Arbor, t. 85. Mdl. Icon. t. 178. 
/. 1 . Mart. Mill. Diet. n. 4. 

Aroma rotundifolia. Persoon. Sj/n. 2. p. S\). 

Amelanchier. Lindley Pomac. in Lin. Soc. Ivans, v. u. 

p. 100. _ £ Q r o 

Sorbus Amelanchier. Crantz. Austr. ed. fasc.Z. p.oJ. 
Vitis Idea HI. Clus Hist. 1. p. 62. Clus. Pan. 81. 
Alni effi<ne lanato folio minor. Bauh. Pin. Mf. . 
Amelanchier. Lob. Ic. 2. p. 191. / 1 . %rrd.K.m. 
Oiospvros. Bauh. Hist. 1. p. 75. Raj. Hist. 146IJ 

This 



This is a very elegant shrub when in flower, and still 
more so in fruit. When the leaves first come out in the 
spring they are covered with a white cottony pubescence, 
which falls off from their upper surface as the leaves attain 
their full growth, and by the time the fruit is ripe, nearly 
disappears altogether. The fruit is at first green, then 
red, and, when ripe, black, and contains a juicy sweet 
pulp. 

Our list of synonyms will shew how much authors have 
differed in their ideas to what genus it should be referred. 
Linnaeus at first made it a Mespilus, but in the Supplemen- 
tum Plantarum it was placed under Pyrus ; Crantz referred 
it to Sorbus. Persoon added it to his genus Aronia. 
Mr. Lindley, the last author that has published on the 
subject, following Medicus, considers Amelanchier to form 
a distinct genus, containing, besides the present plant, 
Pyrus Rotryapium, ovalis, and cretica. The chief cha- 
racter he adduces to establish the genus, is the ovarium 
being ten-celled, with one seed in each cell. But the value 
of this character appears to be considerably diminished, 
by the author's own observation, that the dissepiments 
dividing the cells of the ovarium are spurious, rather than 
real dissepiments, and are tc quickly obliterated by the 
growth of the ovula : so that the ripe fruit does not differ, 
in this respect, from the rest of the order." But in so natu- 
ral a family as the Pomaces, or first section of the Rosacea 
of Jussieu, it will be ever difficult to assign proper limits 
to the genera. Sir James Edward Smith perceiving how 
inadequate the number of styles was to distinguish one 
genus from another, has thought it best to reduce the 
whole order to two genera, viz. Mespilus and Pyrus : Mr. 
Lindley, on the other hand, divides the Pomaces into 
twelve, which he has defined with much ability. 

Pyrus Amelanchier is a hardy ornamental shrub, easily 
propagated by the young scions, which plants, that have 
been raised from seeds, put forth from the roots ; but it is 
not unusual to graft them upon other stocks, which, how- 
ever, do not make so handsome plants as those raised from 
seeds. It is a native of the South of Europe, where it 
grows among the rocks in subalpine regions. Commu- 
nicated by John Walker, Esq. of Arno's Grove. 



N.2¥A. 




l.t J .J!Curfo.Wahr<i>*. Sifil-IM- 



( 2431 ) 
Erytiirina caffra. Cape Erythrina. 

Class and Order. 

DlADELPHIA DECANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Calyx bilabiatus. Cor. vexillum longissirnum, lanceo- 
laturn. Legumen torulosum. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Erythrina caffra; caule arboreo, ramis petiolisque spi- 

nosis, foliis ternatis rhomboideis acuminatis inermibus, 

calyce quiuquedentato. 
Ekvthrina caffra; foliis ternatis inermibus, foliolis obtusis, 

caule arboreo aculeato. Thunb. Prodr. 121. Willd. 

Sp. PI. 3. p. 914. 



Descr. Rootstock gouty. Stem erect, woody, rough- 
ened by the vestiges of fallen leaves. Branches green, 
armed with recurved prickles. Petioles alternate, hori- 
zontal, armed with a few distant prickles, longer than the 
leaves which are ternate, rhomb-shaped, acuminate with 
an obtuse point : the lateral leaves are attached to the 
Petiole by very short fleshy pedicels, the terminal one is car- 
rie< ? a good way forward by the prolongation of the common 
Petiole, to which it is attached in the same way. There 
a re two glands at the base of each pedicel. Peduncles 
axillary, longer than the leaves, erect, rounded, studded 
w ith white linear warts. Flowers in a subverticillate spike, 
?[ the most inimitable brilliant scarlet, fading to purple. 
l.he half whirls about five-flowered. Calyx five-toothed, 
bilabiately arranged, the lower tooth much the longest. 
' €x, 'tlutn an inch and half long, when displayed, obovate, 

quite 



quite entire, or only obsoletely emarginate, but naturally 
the sides are folded together, only opening a little near the 
upper extremity, streaked, broad-scymitar-shaped. Ala; 
and Carina very minute and entirely concealed by the base 
of the vexillum. Stamens diadelphous \ : filaments scarlet 
towards the extremity. Anthers incumbent, scarcely ex- 
serted. Germen linear. Style a little longer than the 
stamens. 

This beautiful shrub is a native of southern Africa, and 
flowered for the first time, we believe, in this country in 
the Count de Vandes stove in July last, where our drawing 
was taken, we have heard that it has also flowered this 
summer at Wormleybury . No figure, has to our knowledge, 
been hitherto published of this very beautiful species. 



N2412. 





( 2432 ) 
Arum italicum. Italian Arum. 

************** 

Class and Order. 

MONCECIA POLYANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Spatka monophylla, cucullata. Spadix supra nudus, 
infeme femineus, medio stamineus. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Arum italicum ; acaule, foliis albo-venosis hastato-sagit- 

tatis: lobis auriculatis divaricatis, spadice clavato 

spatha breviore. Willd. Sp.PlA. p. 484. Hort. Kew. 

ed. alt. 5. p. 309. Pers. Syn. 2. p. 574. n. 18. 
Arum italicum ; acaule,, foliis sagittato-hastatis : auriculis 

divaricatis, spadice cylindrico luteolo. Lam. Encycl 3. 

p. 9.— -et De Cand. Flore franc. 3. p. 152. 
Arum italicum j foliis hastatis acutis, petiolis longissimis 

spatha maxima erecta. Mill. Diet. 
Arum venis albis italicum maximum. Tourn. Inst. 158. 
Arum venis albis. Bauh. Pin. 195. Raj-Hist. 1209. 
Arum maculatum, y. Mart. Mill. Diet. 
Arum folio lato atro-viridi margine albican te cincto, sparsis 

maculis albis variegato. Sabbati Hort. rom. 2. t. 75. 



Arum italicum has been frequently confounded with the 
Arum maculatum, or common Cuckow-pint ; yet, if any 
tolerable figure had ever been given of it, this mistake could 
hardly have been made. The whole plant is nearly double 
the si Ze ; the leaves are not only larger and veined with 
yhite, but the posterior lobes go off at nearly right angles 
) r om the footstalk, or are hastate, not sagittate ; the spathe 
] s very large, of a yellowish pale green colour, at first erect, 
afterwards rolled back at the point ; germens nearly glo- 
bular, aggregate, sessile, occupying about an inch of the 

base 



base of the spadix, a short distance above these is a ring 
of sessile anthers, occupying about a quarter of an inch, 
and both above these, and between them and the germens, 
about an equal space is occupied by filiform cirri or sterile 
stamens ; the upper part of the spadix is club-shaped, as in 
the common Arum, but always of a pale yellow colour. 

It was in this species that M. Lamarck observed an 
extraordinary degree of heat, amounting almost to burning, 
in the spadix, at a certain epoque ; probably that, when 
the fecundation of the germens takes place. This high tem- 
perature continues only for a few hours, and when several 
spadices come from the same root, the heat is evolved from 
each, in succession, as they arrive at the proper epoque, 
while the rest remain at the same temperature as the sur- 
rounding atmosphere. This observation is said to have 
been confirmed by Des Fontaines. 

We are not informed, however that the fact was proved 
by the thermometer ; and, if not, it is possible that some 
pungent vapour might occasion the sensation of heat in the 
fingers, without really increasing the temperature of the 
surrounding air. We hope some of our readers may he 
induced to attend to this curious phenomenon. 

A hardy perennial. Native of Italy and Spain, and the 
south of France. Communicated by John Walker, Esq. 



N.Z4^ 




( 2433 ) 

Phaylopsis longifoha. Long-leaved 
Phayjlopsis. 

alt &• jfc .•V. &. j^. A ■ v t / . ■ v l / . ■ v l / . ■ v l / . jfr. jfc .'fr. ■ s fr i . »!> 
"^r vj>r "4> vi>r VK 7f? <$* V VK MS >r 4S VIS VIS vf.**^» 

C7«ss «wrf Order. 

DlDYNAMIA ANGIOSPERMIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. inaequalis, lacinia dorsali maxima. Cor. ringens: 
•abio superiore miniino bifido. Ovarii loculi 2-spermi. 
'Etheilema Brown Prodr. p. 478. Micranthus Wendland 
obs. p. 39. 

Specific Character. 

Phaylopsis longtfolia; caulibus erectis, foliis oblongo- 
ovatis acuminatis reflexis, spicis axillaribus brevibus 
laxiusculis, lacinia calycis dorsali corolla longiore. 



Mr. Robert Brown, in his invaluable Prodromus, p. 478, 
has observed, that Jussieu has very properly separated 
Imjellia Blechum and Blechioides from Ruellia, restoring 
the original name of Blechum, first given to the genus by 
I*- Patrick Brown, in his history of Jamaica; but, at the 
^nie time, this excellent botanist has remarked, that Jus- 
<nsc's Blechum anisophyllum ought not to be joined with 
this genus, on account of its having very unequal calycine 
Se gments, an ovarium with two-seeded cells, a capsule with 
the segments of the dissepiment spontaneously separable, 
a »d a different inflorescence; he consequently proposed 
the establishing it as a new genus, under the name of 
{Etheilema, but has since satisfied himself that Willdenow's 
**Uylopsis, though not accurately defined by him, is the 
same genus; this name has therefore the right of priority. 
Ruellia imbricata of Forskbhl, and some other species, 
Natives of India and of Africa, belong to this genus ; but 
n «t having had an opportunity] of examining the plant 

itself, 



itself, we are not able to determine whether it belong to a 
species already discovered,, or should be considered as 
quite new. It differs from Blechum anisifolium of Jussieu 
in having an upright, not a diffuse stem, and lax., leafy, 
not compact strobiliform spikes. 

The seed was transmitted from Sierra Leone to the Hor- 
ticultural Society by their collector, Mr. George Don, and 
our drawing was made at their garden in March last. 
Being a tropical production it must of course require to be 
preserved in the stove. 



The outline ^figures represent, 

1. A magnified dissection of the Corolla, shewing the insertion of the 
Stamens. 

2. The Pistil. 

3. The Calyx. 



JV>434. 




( 2434 ) 




Prostanthera lasianthos. Villous- 
flowered prostanthera. 



******************* *** 
Class and Order. 

DlDYNAMIA GYMNOSPERMIA. 

Generic Character. 

Calyx bilabiatus : fructus elausus, tubo striato, labiis 
mdivisis. Cor. ringens, galea sernibifida, labii inferioris 
lacinia media majore, biloba. Anthera subtus caicarat«. 
Brown. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Prostanthera lasianthos ; foliis lanceolatis dentato-serratis 
glabris, racemis paniculatis, corollis utrinque hirsutis, 
calcare longiore lobum bis superante. Br. Prodr. Nov. 
Holl. 508. Bot. Reg. 143. 

Prostanthera lasianthos ; foliis lanceolatis serratis, pani- 
culis axillaribus terminalibusque, corollis hispidis. 
Labill. Nov. Holl. 2. p. 18. t. 157. 



Descr. A tallish shrub : branches opposite, square. 
Leaves petioled, lanceolate, dentate -serrate, dark green 
jj 1 the upper, glaucous and dotted on the under surface. 
Panicles of flowers terminal and axillary. Bractes subu- 
late, minute. Pedicels shorter than calyx. Calyx bila- 
biate : lips undivided persistent, closing when in fruit. 
yor. bilabiate : upper-lip shorter, vaulted, emarginate : 
lower-lip 3-cleft ; the intermediate segment longest, two- 
'obed, with the lobes divaricate. Faux somewhat dilated, 
Marked within with blood-red spots. Stamens four, didy- 
fiamous, inserted by pairs within the faux : anthers purple 
jocular, both lobes bearded at the base with a pencil of 
hairs, one of them terminating in a spur, with a bristly 

point, 



point, more than twice the length of the anther. Germens 
four, orbicular : Style ascending with bifid stigma. 

Of this genus belonging to the natural order of Labiatce, 
Mr. Brown has recorded in his Prodromus thirteen species! 

Native of New South Wales and Van Diemen's island. 
Flowers in June and July. Requires the protection of the 
greenhouse. 

We were favoured with the specimen of this beautiful 
shrub, from which our drawing was taken, by our friend 
Edward Gray, Esq. in June last, when it flowered for the 
first time after having been in his fine conservatory about 
seven years. 



The outline figures represent, 

1. The Pistil. Thi* ought to have shewn the four separahle germens. 

2. The Stamen with the long spur from one of the lobes of the anther, 
somewhat magnified. 




I 





l Vyf^Jm^ 




jgjjr 


■VvoH 


I 






H 












V 


If JrJflFm'fi 




Ef 1 






1 1 





If 







( 2435 ) 
Iris neglecta. Horneman's Iris. 

****************** 

Class and Order 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. 6-partita: laciniis altern is reflexis. Stig?nata petali- 
formia. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Iris neglecta ; caule multifloro foliis altiore, corollaB laciniis 
erectis integerrimis, deflexis subemarginatis. Horn. 
Hort. Hafn. 1. p. 55. Roem. et Sch. Syst. Veg. 1. p. 
461. Link Enum. Hort. Berol. 1. p. 58. 



Descr. Stem many-flowered, taller than the ensiform 
leaves. Spathes sheathing, imbricated, one to each flower. 
Germen six-angled : angles rounded. Tube of corolla but 
httle longer than the germen ; refiexed lacinice bearded, 
violet-coloured at the margins, white streaked with violet 
m the middle, very obtuse, sometimes emarginate : erect 
°nes broad-oval, pale blue, quite entire, incurved, termi- 
nated in a claw. Upper lip of the stigma deeply divided, 
acute. 

The native country of this handsome and agreeably 
scented Iris is unknown. It was first taken up as a distinct 
species, by Professor Aorneman. It is a hardy perennial. 
Vommunicated by Mr. Anderson from the Chelsea garden, 
lr * June last. 



Iu%. 



^ 






( 2436 ) 

Salvia nutans. Nodding Sage. 

******************* 

Class and Order. 

DlANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. inaequalis. Filamenta transverse pedicello affixa. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Salvia nutans ; foliis cordatis inaequaliter basi excisis 

grosse crenatis, caule subaphyllo, spicis nutantibus 

ebracteatis. 
Salvia nutans ; foliis oblongo -cordatis grosse crenatis, 

caule subaphyllo, spicis florentibus pendulis, calycibus 

hirtis. Willd. Enum. p. 45. 
Salvia nutans ; foliis cordatis inaequaliter basi excisis, 

caule subnudo spicis ante florescentiam cernuis. Sp. 

PL p. 39. Flor. Taur-Cauc. 1. p. 23. 
Salvia nutans ; foliis cordatis obsolete quinquelobis erosis, 

caule subrotundo, racemis nutantibus. Willd. Sp. 

PL 1. p. 151. Etling Salv. n. 47. Vahl Enum. 1. p. 

280. Hort Kew. ed. alt. 1. p. 65. 
Salvia nutans; foliis oblongo-cordatis, caule simplicissimo 

subaphyllo, racemis florentibus pendulis. Waldst. et 

Kelt. Hung. 1. p. 63. t. 62. Roam, et Sch. Si/st. 

Veg. 1. p. 246. 
Salvia caule nudo, spica florente pendula. Hall. Comm. 

Goett. 1. p. 210. t. 11. 



The leaves of Salvia nutans are very subject to vary ; 
in our plant they were undulated, somewhat sinuate, 
coarsely crenate, and, as seems common to the species, 
unequally excised at the base, one side being considerably 
larger and more uneven than the other ; but in some cases 
they are so much incised, as to become variously lobed, 



in so much that Marschall van Bieberstein considers both 
hastata and betoniccefolia as mere varieties of this ; but ii 
the latter has coloured bractes, this character seems quite 
sufficient to remove it from nutans; pendula is likewise 
suspected to be only a variety. Except one or two pair 
of generally imperfect leaves the Stem is aphyllous, ob- 
tusely 4-cornered, pubeseent. Calyx striate, bilabiate, 
hairy. Corolla violet -blue : galea oblong, compressed, 
inclosing the stamens and pistil : lower-lip 3-lobed : middle 
lobe crenate, concave, lateral ones straight ; but from the 
nodding of the spike the flowers are reversed. The arms 
of the filaments are unequal, the shorter one bearing an 
imperfect, the longer a perfect anther. Stigma exserted, 
bifid. 

A hardy perennial. Native of Russia, Hungary, and 
Galicia. Flowers from Jun« to September. Introduced 
in 1780, by the Chevalier Pallas. Communicated by 
Mr. Joseph Knight of the exotic nursery, King's Road, 
who is always ready to give his assistance to the promo- 
tion of science. 



Fmi 




( 2437 ) 

POLYGALA AMARA. BlTTER MlLK-WORT. 

■Sk. &• afc & i .^t A afc .4'. jfr .Sk. afc A alt afc A ate ,"1'. ifc lit ^. Jt 
tf^t? '/js* vf»" v$»" '^s.' vis m» /?v viv "/is 4> vf. '/£-' jp? *yif.* vf,* •jf? vfr rjfr tj? 

C/ass «nrf Order. 

DlADELPHIA OCTANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-phyllus : foliolis duobus alaeformibus, coloratis. 
Legumen obcordatum, biloculare. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Polygala amara; floribus cristatis racemosis, alis caly- 
cinis trinerviis obtusis corolla longioribus, caulibus 
erectiusculis (erectis), foliis obtusis, radicalibus obo- 
vatis. Willd. Sp. PL 3. p. 872. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 4. 
p. 242. 

Polygala amara; floribus cristatis racemosis, caulibus 
erectiusculis, foliis obtusis ; radicalibus obovatis. Sp. 
PL 987. Jacq. Austr. 5. p. 6. t. 412. 

Polygala Amarella foliis circa radicem sparsis obovatis 
magnis. Crantz Austr. 438. 

Polygala buxi minoris folio. Vaill. Paris. 161. t. 32. 

fig '•«? 
Polygala vulgaris, foliis circa radicem rotundioribus, flore 

caBruleo^ sapore admodum amaro. Bauh. Pin. 215. 



The common Polygala is so very variable a plant, and 
is found with leaves sometimes so broad and rounded at 
the point, that it has been frequently mistaken for our 
present plant, which has been sometimes supposed to be 
a mere variety of P. vulgaris. But whatever difficulty 
there may be in finding good distinguishing characters, 
the taste will at once decide the species, for all the varie- 
ties of vulgaris when chewed, are slightly acrid, but with 

hardly 



hardly any bitterness ; but the leaves of amara when 
chewed soon give out an intense bitter, which is very 
durable. We suspect therefore that Vaillant's plant, 
always quoted as a synonym of amara, is only a variety of 
vulgaris, as he describes the taste to be mucilaginous with 
but little stypticity and bitterness. Besides Polygala 
amara is a much smaller plant with larger radical leaves, 
the stems are quite simple and erect, the flowers and seed 
vessels smaller. We have specimens of this species from 
Austria, which exactly agree in appearance with our 
drawing:. 

A hardy perennial. Native of Austria in subalpine 
regions. Introduced in 1773, by Drs. Pitcairn and Fo- 
thergill. Communicated by Mr. Anderson from the 
Chelsea garden, in June last. 



IZ438. 




( 2438 ) 

POLYGALA CORDIFOLIA. HEART-LEAVED 

Milkwort. 

Class and Order. 

DlADELPHIA OCTANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-phyllus: foliolis duobus abeformibus, coloratis. 
Legumen obcordatum, biloculare. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Polygala cordifolia; fruticosa, cristata, foliis cruciatis ob- 
longo-ovatis mucronatis erectis glabris internodiis 
longioribus margine reflexis, floribus subumbellatis. 

Polygala cordifolia; floribus cristatis, racemo terminali, 
caule fruticoso, ramis pubescentibus, foliis cordatis 
mucronatis oppositis. Willd. Sp. PL 3. p. 885. 

Polygala cordifolia ; floribus cristatis, foliis cordatis gla- 
bris. Thunb. Prodr. 120. 

Polygala fruticosa; floribus cristatis subumbellatis, foliis 
oppositis cordato-lanceolatis acutis, caule fruticoso. 
Berg-. Cap. 183. 

Polygala latifolia. Bot. Reg. 645 ? 



Deck. Shrubby : Branches rounded, pubescent, divided 
at the upper part into several short branchlets, terminated 
with a few flowers, collected into a sort of umbel. Leaves 
opposite crosswise, oblong -ovate, cordate, mucronate, 
erect, with recurved margins, pale green, villous under- 
neath. Peduncles erect, with several small concave bractes : 
Pedicels shorter than the flower. Calycine outer segments 
three, the upper one smallest ; the wing-shaped segments 
large, shewy, oblique, mucronate, greenish, streaked on 
the outside, bright purple within. Carina of one petal 
with a white branched pencilled appendix below the point. 
Stamens eight. Filaments all united at the base. Style 

. curved. 



curved. Stigma furnished with a glandular, two-lipped 
appendix. 

Bergius's accurate description of this plant leaves us 
no doubt but that it is his fruticosa, always quoted as a 
synonym of cordifolia, otherwise the definitions of Will- 
denow and Thunberg are too imperfect alone to ascertain 
the species; and we do not find any specimen of P. cordi- 
folia in the Banksian Herbarium. 

It differs from oppositifolia by the erect, not reflexed 
leaves, by the flowers being larger and more collected 
together. The intensity of colour in this and the related 
species varies, especially according to the degree of light 
they are exposed to. 

A greenhouse shrub. Native of the Cape of Good Hope. 
Flowers from March to August. Communicated by Mr. 
Joseph Knight, of the exotic nursery- 



¥Z439. 




■ Walworth 



( 2439 ) 
Protea l^vis. Smooth Protea. 

***************** 

Class and Order. 
Tetrandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Petala 4, quorum 3 superne cohaerentia. Anther a api- 
cibus concavis corollae immersae. Nux supera, undique 
barbata, stylo persistente coronata. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Protea Icevis ; caulibus nanis decumbentibus, foliis elon- 
gate linearibus la3vibus aveniis marginibus (ex desic- 
cation e ?) recurvis, involucro hemisphasrico : bracteis 
obtusis subsericeis, calycibus, (petalis) subuncialibus 
muticis. Brown in Lin. Soc. tr. 10. jo. -91. Roem. et 
Sch. 3. p. 352. Poir. Encycl. Bot. Suppl. 4. p. 562. 
n. 96. 

Erodendrum longifolium; caule decumbente : foliis 2-3 
lineas latis, 5-8 pollices longis, lineari-lanceolatis, 
acutiusculis, adultis laevibus, supra concavis : bracteis 
ultimis retusis. Salisb. et Knight Proteece. p. 46. 

Protea longifolia. Salisb. Par ad. Lond. 37. 



Descr. Stem decumbent, smooth. Leaves secund, a 
span long, two or three lines broad, acute, pale green, 
smooth, flat towards the base, somewhat concave upwards, 
margins smooth, not thickened, recurved when dried. In- 
volucrum sessile, erect, hemispherical. Bractes very obtuse, 
somewhat silky while young, minutely ciliate. Claws of 
the petals (calyx Br.) smooth externally with woolly mar- 
gins; limb villous. 

Mr. Brown took up his Protea Icevis from a specimen 
in the Banksian Herbarium, collected at the Cape by Mr. 
Francis Masson, and by his friendly assistance we are 

enabled 



enabled to determine our plant to belong to that species. 
It was called longifolia by Mr. Salisbury, a name already 
occupied by a very different species, of which there are 
three varieties figured in the botanist's repository 

Native of the Cape of Good Hope. Flowers, in the con- 
servatory, in May. Introduced from the mountains of 
Lange Kloof, by J. Nevin, Mr. Hibbert's collector. Upon 
the breaking up of this gentleman's valuable collection 
the plant came into the possession of Mr. Knight, at whose 
nursery, in the King's Road, our drawing was made several t 
years ago by the late Mr. Sydenham Edwards. 




. 



( 2440 ) 

Rauwolfia ternifolia. Three-leaved 
Rauwolfia. 

***************** 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Contorta. Cal. minimus, 5-dentatus, persistens. Cor. 
infundibuliformis, tubo cylindrico basi globoso; fauce 
esquamata, barbata. Germina 2, connata basi annulo hy- 
pogyno cincta. Styli 2, connati. Stigma subcapitatum. 
Drup& duae, connatae, uniloculars, monospermae. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Rauwolfia ternifolia ; foliis verticillato-ternis oblongis a- 
cuminatis glabris, floribus interpetiolaribus subcorym- 
bosis. Kunth Syn. PL aquinoct. 2. p. 298. Humb. 
et. Bonpl. PL Mquin. 3. p. 131. 

Rauwolfia ligustrina ; foliis ternis oblongis acuminatis 
glabris, racemo terminali, ramis dichotomis. Herb. 
Willd. Roem. et Sch. 4. p. 805. 



Rauwolfia ternifolia is one of the plants collected in 
South America by those learned and indefatigable travel- 
lers Messrs. Humboldt and Bonpland, and described, but 
not figured, in their Plantar aquinoctiales novi orbis. Our 
drawing was taken at the garden of the Horticultural Soci- 
ety in July last, from a plant sent to the Society by Mr. 
Caley from the Botanic Garden at St. Vincent's, in the 

West Indies. 

Being 



Being native of a tropical climate, will of course requiie 
to be kept in the stove in this country. 



The outline figures represent, 

1 . A flower magnified. 

2. The corolla laid open to shew the insertion of the stamens and the 
bearded faux. 

3. The pistil ; shewing the glandular body on which the germens or 
ovaries are situated, the united styles, and stigma. 



INDEX. 

In which the Latin Names of the Plants contained in the Fiftieth 
Volume are alphabetically arranged. 



PI. 

2417 Acacia diffusa. 

2374 Achania mollis. _^ 
2410 Ageratum stnpwm. 
2369 Aloe acinacifolia. 
2421 Alstrcemeria pulchra. 

2399 Amaryllis cyrtanthoides. 

2389 Anagallis latifolia. 

2357 Andromeda axillaris, 0. 

2364 Ardisia paniculata. 
'1432 Arum italicuni. 

2380 Astragalus stipularis. 

2383 Azalea pontica var. aJbiflora. 
2406 Bauksia latifolia. 

2396 Berberis fascicularis. 

2381 Boltonia glastifolia. 

2382 Brodisea ixioides. 

2392 Bromelia sylvestris. 

2358 Broussonetia papyrifera. 

2393 Cactus Opuntia. 

2418 Calceolaria corymbosa. 
2405 — —— — — scabiosasfolia. 
2371 Cistus Barrelieri. 

2391 Crassula albiflora. 
2356 — versicolor. 

2397 Crinum augustum. 

2390 Cynanchum nigrum. 

2365 Elichrysum proliferum. 
2402 Erigeron bellidifolium. 
2423 Erysimum lanceolatum, /3. 

minus. 
2431 Erythrina caffra. 

2384 Euonymus latifolius. 

2400 Flaveria Contrayerba. 
2420 Geranium macrorhizon. 

2377 ■ walliehianuui. 

2376 Gunnera perpensa. 
2878 Hedychium flavum. 

2385 Hibiscus militaris. 
2360 Hovenia dulcis. 

2425 Hyacinthus amethystiuus. 

2394 Hyoscyamus niger, fi. annua. 

2414 orientalis. 

2375 Hypericum uralum. 



K 

2361 Iris furcata. 

2435 neglecta. 

2409 Itea virginica. 
2366 Justicia pedunculata. 
2428 Ixora rosea. 
2416 Limonia parviflora. 
2387 Lobelia pyramidalis. 

2372 Loasa nitida. 

2413 Lupinus microcarpus. 
2427 Magnolia acuminata. 
2398 Maranta angustifolia. 

2373 Nemophila phacelioides. 

2407 Nerine pulchella. 

2403 CEnothera odorata, (3. 
2424 tenella. 

2419 Ornithogalum gramineum. 
2386 Oxalis lobata. 

2415 rosea. 

2395 Perilla ocymoides. 
2411 Pitcairuia staminea. 

2433 Pbaylopsis longifolia. 

2437 Polygala amara. 

2438 cordifolia. 

2434 Prostanthera lasianthos. 

2439 Pro tea laevis. 
2422 Pulmonaria mollis. 
2430 Pyrus Amelanchier. 

2440 Ramvolfia ternifolia. 
2368 Ribes multiflorum. 
2436 Salvia nutans. 

2404 Schizanlhus pinuatus. 
2379 Schizopetalon Walkeri. 

2408 Scilla amoenula. 
2370 Sedum spurium. 
2359 Spigelia anthelmintica. 
2426 Spiraea bella. 

2401 Stapelia barbata. 

2363 Statice a?gyptiaca. 

2362 Tetragonia expansa. 

2366 Tbunbergia grandiflora. 

2388 Tulipa suaveolens, /3. latifolia. 

2412 Vestia lycioides. 

2429 Vitis riparia. 



INDEX. 



In which the English Names of the Plants contained in the Fiftieth 
Volume are alphabetically arranged. 



^^^JT^-S^s*- 



Pl. 
2417 
2374 
2410 
2369 
2421 
2399 
2357 

2364 
2432 
2380 
2383 
2406 
2396 
2381 

2382 
2371 
2420 
2377 
2356 
2391 
2397 
236 J 
2390 
2402 
2431 
2365 
2400 
2378 
2376 
2423 

2394 
2414 
2385 
2360 
2425 
2361 
2435 
2393 
2409 
2367 

2428 
2416 



Acacia, Awl-leaved. 

Achania.Lobed-leaved woolly. 

Ageratum, Upright. 

Aloe, Great Scymitar-leaved. 

Alstroemeria, Fair. 

Amaryllis, Cyrtanthus-like. 

Andromeda, Fine notched- 
leaved. 

Ardisia, Panicled. 

Arum, Italian. 

Astragalus, Broad-stipuled. 

Azalea, Thompson's white. 

Banksia, Broad-leaved. 

Berberry, Fasciculated. 

Boltonia, Wood-leaved Bolto- 
nia. 

Brodiaea, Ixia-like. 

Cistus, Rosemary-leaved. 

Cranes-bill, Long-rooted. 

* • Wallich's. 

Crassula, Changeable. 

VV hire-flowered. 

Crinum, Stately. 

Currant, Long-spiked. 

Cynanchum, Black-flowered. 

Erigeron, Plantain-leaved. 

Erythrina, Cape. 

Everlasting, Proliferous. 

Flaveria, Broad-leaved. 

Garland-Flower, Yellow. 

Gunnera, Cape. 

Hedge-M ustard,Sweet-scented 
Alpine. 

Henbane, Annual-black. 

— ; Oriental. 

Hibiscus, Military. 

Hovenia, Sweet. 

Hyacinth, Amythyst-coloured. 

Iris, Forked. 

1 Horneman's. 

Indian-Fig, Common dwarf. 

Itea, Virginian. 

Justicia, Long-stalked Ameri- 
can. 

Ixora, Rose-coloured. 

Linionia, Small-flowered. 




PL 

2387 Lobelia, Brancliv. 
2872 Loasa, Shining-leaved. 

2432 Lung-wort, Soft. 
2413 Lupin, Srnall-podded. 
2427 Magnolia, Blue, or Cucu 

tree. 
2398 Maranta, Narrow-leaved. 

2437 Milk-wort, Bitter. 

2438 ■ Heart-leaved. 

2373 Nemophila Arkansian. 
2407 Nerine, Pale-pink. 

2403 Oenothera, Sweet-scented. 

2424 — Slender-twiggei 

2358 Paper-Mulberry-Tree. 
2430 Pear, Alpine. 
2395 Perilla, Balm-leaved. 
2392 Pine -Apple, Narrow -leavi 

Wild. 

241 1 •Pitcairnia, Long-stamened. 

2433 Phaylopsis, Long-leaved. 
2389 Pimpernel, Broad-leaved. 

2434 Prostanthera,Villous-flowered 

2439 Protea, Smooth. 

2440 Kauwolfia, Three-leaved. 
2436 Sa^e, Nodding. 

2404 Schizanthus, Wing-leaved. 
2379 Schizopetalon, Walker's. 
2370 Sedum, Bastard. 

2418 Slipper-Wort, Corymbose. 

2405 Scabious-lea 

2426 Spiraea^ CWmJ^v^— ^ 
2384 Spindle-tree, Broad-leavei?. 

2362 Spinach, New-Zealand. 
2401 Stapelia, Bearded. 

2375 St. John's Wort, Myrtle-leaved 

2419 Star-of-Bethlem, Grass-leaved 
2408 Squill, Few-flowered. 

2363 Thrift, Egyptian. 

2366 Thunbergia, Blue-flowered 
2388 Tulip, Claramond. 

2412 Vestia, Box-thorn-like. 
2429 Vine, Sweet-scented. 
2359 Worm-grass, Annual. 
2386 Wood-sorrel, Lobed-lcavec 
2415 Crimson.