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Full text of "Curtis's botanical magazine."

C U RTI S ' S ^ 

Botanical Magazine; 

OR, 

FLOWER-GARDEN DISPUTED: 

IN WHICH 

The most Ornamental Foreign Plants, cultivated in the Open 
Ground, the Green-House, and the Stove, are accurately 
represented in their natural Colours. 

TO WHICH ARE ADDED, 

Their Names, Class, Order, Generic and Specific Characters, according 

to the celebrated Linnaeus; their Places of Growth, 

and Times of Flowering ; 

Together with the most approved Methods of Culture. 

A WORK 

Intended for the Use of such Ladies, Gentlemen, and Gardeners, as wish 
to become scientifically acquainted with the Plants they cultivate. 



By JOHN SIMS, M.D. 

Fellow of the Royal and Linnean Societies. 

V O L. LI. & . * 

Being the Ninth of the New Series. 4vb$ *' 



The Flowers, which grace their native beds, 

Awhile put forth their blushing heads, 

But, e'er the close of parting day, 

They wither, shrink, and die away: 

But these, which mimic skill hath made, 

Nor scorched by suns, nor killed by shade, 

Shall blush with less inconstant hue, 

Which art at pleasure can renew. Llov 




?tonoon: 

Printed by Stephen Couchman, Throgmorton-Street. 

Published by Sherwood, Jones, & Co. 20, Paternoster-Row, 

And Sold by the principal Booksellers in Great-Britain and Ireland, 

MDCCCXXIV. 



Yzm 




h.khfS.CHrtu .V+bnirlh Jf 0r J.±»U 



( 2441 ) 

Melastoma granulosa. Commerson's 
Mela stoma 

"%■' 7P "5^* 3p 'A* ^v ^K W 'F V "'K "5$" ■&" ^F V "'K "-K "^P" 

GYass «««/ Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. 5-fidus, campanulatus. Petala 5, calyci inserta. 
Bacca 5-locularis, calyce obvoluta. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Melastoma granulosa ; foliis ovato-lanceolatis integris 
quinquenerviis supra granulosis, paniculis termina- 
libus, caule alato. ham. Encycl. 4. p. 44. Persoon 
Syn. 1. p. 476. n. 98. Smith in Rees Cycl. in loco. 

Melastoma granulosa; ramis marginato-tetragonis, foliis 
ovali-lanceolatis longius acuminatis supra appresse 
hispidis lucidis subtus pannoso-villosis, petalis obovato- 
oblongis acumine brevi abrupto, filamentis superne 
longe laxeque lanatis. Don in Bot. Reg. 671. 

Rhexia Fontainesii Humb. et Bompl. Rhexia, 93. t. 36. 



Melastoma granulosa owes its specific name to the gra- 
nulated appearance of the upper surface of the leaves, 
arising from a number of callous excrescences, terminated 
by a short adpressed bristle. These are more remarkable 
in the dried state from the shrinking of the parenchyma- 
tous substance of the leaf; but were sufficiently evident, 
in our plant, whife growing. 

Our drawing of this beautiful shrub, by far the most 
splendid of any species of Melastoma that has as yet 
flowered in this country, was taken at the fine collection at 
Bayeswater, belonging to the Count De Vandes. It grows 
to the height of ten feet. A plant of this height, covered 

with 



with its pendent flowering branches, must make a most 
splendid appearance. 

Native of Brazil. Requires to be kept in the stove, 
where it flowers, in this country, in the month of August. 



The outline figure represents one of the stamens detached, to show the 
hairy filament and curiously wrinkled anther. 



K?44£. 




M i^i Curtii yr^hrcra. g 



( 2442 ) 

OXYLOB1UM ARBORESCENS. TALL 
OXYLOBIUM. 

&• lift .SK .Sfc alfc A\ .SI*, alft alt alt alfc alt ■ v t / . .Sk A afc ah alt 
MS MS iff 1? 9F ™ MS MS ™ V MS MS M> V M? 1* MS MS 

C/«ss ««rf Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. profunde 5-fidus, subbilabiatus. Cor. papilionacea : 
Carina compressa, longitudine alarum aequantium vexillum 
explanatum. Stylus adscendens. Stigma simplex. Legu- 
men polyspermum, ventricosum, ovatum, acutum. Brown. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Oxylobium arborescens ; foliis lineari-lanceolatis, bracteis 
apicis pedicellis persistentibus, corymbis confertis, 
leguminibus calyce vix longioribus. Br. in Hort. 
Kew. ed. alt. 3. p. 10. Bot. Reg. 392. 



The leaves in this species are long 1 , linear with re- 
curved margins, smooth, but wrinkled on the upper side, 
and tomentose on the under ; in our specimen they grew 
by fours, in whorls ; but this is not constant, Mr. Brown's 
native specimens more frequently growing by threes, and 
sometimes being simply opposite. The flowers are much 
crowded together at the extremities of the branches, and 
also in whorls lower down the stem, which is villous and 
brown. 

The specimen from which our drawing was taken was 
communicated by the Hon. and Rev. William Herbert. 
It was raised from seeds gathered near Port Macquarrie, 
and flowered at Spofforth in June last. Through the favour 
of Mr. Brown this specimen has been compared with his 
native ones, and the comparison leaves no doubt of its 
being reall f the Oxylobium arborescens of the Kew cata- 
logue. 

A hardy greenhouse shrub. Native of Van Diemen's 
island and New South Wales. It was first discovered by 
Robert Brown, Esq. Introduced into the Kew garden in 
1805. Flowers from April to Midsummer. 



'",•■ 






2 T 2443. 







( 2443 ) 

clssus quinquefolia. flve-leaved brazil 

Cissus. 

•S^. i^i al t &. &. &. ■'V. &. jfe &, A', alt ifcAJulti k iufc alt 
VT>" '^ '5JS' 7t? vf. "/x- •t ? MS Vr> f Vf» Vf» *T> ■flr* Vfr Vf> Vf» Vr* VjS -r- 

C&m «wrf Order. 
Tetrandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 
Bacca 1-sperma, cincta calyce. Corolla quadripartita. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Cissus quinquefolia ; foliis quinatis : foliolis utrinque atten- 
uates acuminatis serratis pedicellatis, ramis teretibus 
nodosis laevibus. 

Cissus quinquefolia; foliis quinatis ellipticis serratis gla- 
bris, ramis laevibus. Soland. Mss. 



Descr. Stem ligneous at the lower part : Branches nu- 
merous, rounded, fleshy., swelled at the joints. Leaves 
alternate, petioled, quinate : leaflets petioled, elliptic (or 
attenuated at both extremities) unequally and acutely ser- 
rate, smooth, thin, unequal, the middle one the largest, 
being often three inches long. Common petiole mostly an 
inch and half long; partial ones four times shorter than the 
leaflets. Peduncles opposed to the petioles, longer than 
these, naked, branched : branchlets terminating in small 
compounded cymes. Bractes minute, lanceolate, one 
under each branchlet of the cyme. Calyx small, urceolate, 
obtusely four-toothed. Petals four, small, concave. 

The above description is chiefly translated from the 
late Dr. Solander's manuscripts in the Banksian library, 
where it is said to be a native of the isle of Raza, near the 
mouth of the river Rio Janeiro, Brazil. 

This species must not be confounded with pentaphylla, a 
native of Japan, nor with quinata, a native of the Cape. 

Cissus 



Cissus striata of the Flora Peruviana resembles our plant 
in many points, but in that the branches are striate, in 
this rounded and smooth ; in that the leaflets are sessile, 
and serrate towards the point only, in this they are pedi- 
cled, entirely serrate and acuminate ; not to mention that 
our plant is void of all pubescence in every part. 

It was observed by Professor Thunberg in his Flora 
Japonica, that Cissus and Vitis must be united into one 
genus, varying with four or five stamens, and some modern 
botanists have accordingly united them ; but, in the hope 
that some characters will be found, especially when the 
fruit shall have been more attentively examined, sufficient 
to keep them distinct, we have preferred adhering to the 
old division, according to which our plant must be arranged 
with Cissus. It has no appearance of the petals being 
united at the points, forming a sort of Calyptra, a circum- 
stance so common in the genus Vitis ; but we fear not 
constant enough to form a generic character. Had the 
one-seeded berry in Cissus, and five-seeded in Vitis been 
found to be constant, no idea of uniting the two could 
have existed. 

Our drawing was made in August last, at the garden 
belonging to the Horticultural Society at Chiswick, where 
the plant was raised from seeds sent to the Society in 1821, 
by Alexander Caldcleugh, Esq. from Rio Janeiro, Being 
a native of a country situate within the tropics, it of course 
requires to be preserved in the stove. 




J.htrhrJia,. 



Ai .hf.1 Lurtu . Waiwr, ft :. 



W.ilM.h 



( 2444 ) 

BlSCUTELLA HlSPIDA. HlSPID BuCKLEK 

Mustard. 

iV. jfc .St'. iV. .SK A » s t'. .'!'. .Sk .'i'. atii ifc ;V. A .^K A .'fr. 
>v> VT> vf. vf." >!<. <K vf; ^x* vf.* vf. ■; j»* vf. vf* *jr vj» ^s iff 

Class and Order. 
Tetradynamia Siliculosa. 

Generic Character. 

Silicula did y ma, segmentis evalvibus foliaceo-coinpressis 
inonospermis. Radicula descendens ! Cotylcdoncs accum- 
bentes, inversae. Brown. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Biscutella hispida; calycibus acute bicalcaratis, siliculis 

glabris in disco punctis elevatis scabris apice in stylum 

non cocuntibus, caule hispido. De Cand. Syst. Veg. 

Nat. 2. p. 408. Ann. du Mus. 18. p. 295. t.7.f.l. 
Leucojum montanum flore pedato. Col. Ecphr. 2. p. 59. 

t. 61. Moris. Hist. 2. §3. t. 9.f. 7. ex figura Columnae 

pessime corrupta. 
Jondraba alyssoides lutea angustifolia. Barrel, ic. t. 230. 

spicata lutea major. Barrel, ic. 1. 1219. 

Thlaspi biscutatum villosum flore calcari donate. Bauh. 

Prodr. p. 49. sine icone. Bauh. Pin. 107. 
Thlaspidium hirsutum, calyce floris auriculato. Tourn. 

Inst. 218. 



Descr. The whole plant is hispid. Stem branched. 
Leaves sessile, half- stem embracing, oblong, sinuate- 
dentate, hispid on both sides. Calyx erect : leaflets 
connivent, two outward ones spurred at the base. 
Spur one-third the length of the whole calyx, in our 
plant not nearly so sharp pointed as represented in De 
Candolle's figure above quoted. Claws of the petals 

the 



the length of the calyx : limb flat, yellow. The longer 
filaments dilated on one side. Stj/le longer than the sta- 
mens, persistent. Stigma capitate. Silicule 2-lobed : lobes 
orbicular, marginate, not hairy but the disk roughened 
by crystalline elevated glands, not united with the style 
or only for a very short distance. 

The above description was taken from the plant from 
which our drawing was made, and appears to agree in 
most respects with that of De Candolle ; and certainly 
with the synonyms he has quoted, which are however 
the same as those adopted by Linn^us for his auri- 
culata ; nor does it seem to us that the characters made 
use of by this learned botanist to distinguish this species 
from auriculata are entirely satisfactory : in our speci- 
mens the spurs of the calyx were rather obtuse than 
acute, though longer and less rounded at the end than 
in the specimens of auriculata which we have exam- 
ined. The principal difference between the two appears 
to us to be, the much greater hairiness of hispida, and 
greater dentation of the leaves, even of the superior ones, 
which in auriculata are generally quite entire, or nearly so. 
Biscutella, as a genus, is much extended since Linnaeus, 
who, in his Species Plantarum, has only two species, in- 
creased in the last edition of the Systema Vegetabilium to 
six j and finally extended by De Candolle to twenty -three. 
These are by him very usefully separated into two sections. 
1st, Such as have a calyx with two spurs, the Jondraba of 
some authors. 2dly, Those in which the leaflets of the 
calyx are equal ; which have been considered as a distinct 
genus, under the name of Thlaspidium. 

A hardy annual. Native of the south of France and the 
north of Italy. Communicated by N. S. Hodson, Esq. 
from the botanic garden at Bury St. Edmunds; where, we 
are informed by the intelligent curator, it was introduced 
by Mr. Fischer, of the Gottingen garden. 



( 2445 ) 

Erodium Gussonii. Gussone's Heron's- 

■ 

Bill. 

******************* 

Class and Order. 

MoNADELPHIA PeNTANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 






. 






Cal. 5-phyllus. Cor. 5-petala. Nect. Squamula 5, cum 
filamentis alternantes et glandulas melliferaj basi staininum 
insidentes. Arilli 5, monospermi, aristati, ad basin recep- 
taculi rostrati : aristis spiralibus introrsum barbatis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Erodium Gussonii; pedunculis longissimis multifloris, foliis 
petiolatis, cordato-ovatis inciso-lobatis crenatis, utrin- 
que villosis, caule ascendente hirto. 

Erodium Gussonii; pedunculis multifloris longissimis, 
foliis cordatis lobatis obtusis dentatis glaucis, caule 
petiolisque hirtis, corollis calycibus aristatis duplo 
longioribus, petalis emarginatis, caule erecto. Tenor e 
Prodr. fl. Neap. p. 39. 

Erodium Gussoni. Flor. Neap. p. 97. t. 63. Tenort. 
Hort. reg. Neap. p. 38. 



Descr. Root perennial. Stem herbaceous, decumbent, 
rounded, hairy : hairs pointing downwards. Cauline leaves 
opposite, unequal, one being generally larger than the 
other, petioled, cordate-ovate, obtuse, somewhat lobed, 
crenate, soft-villous on both sides. Peduncles axillary, 
alternate, three or four times longer than the hairy petiole. 
Umbel about ten-flowered. Involucre scariose, two-leaved, 
kidney-shaped. Pedicels horizontal. Calycine leaflets un- 
equal, streaked, each of them furnished with a short arista 
or mucro, inserted a little below the apex. Petals rounded, 

quite 



quite entire (Tenore says emarginate), purple, veined, two 
of them stained with a deeper colour towards the base. 
Filaments five fertile, bearing dark purple two-celled 
anthers, opening internally, and five sterile, alternating 
with the fertile. Stigma five-rayed, persistent. 

This species has considerable affinity with Erodium 
malacoides, of which very variable species it perhaps may 
be thought to be only a variety. It differs however in 
having larger flowers; much longer seed vessels ; pedicels 
longer and more horizontal ; leaves softer and more 
glaucous. 

Communicated, in flower, in July last, by Philip Barker 
Webb, Esq. to whom we are entirely indebted for the 
above synonymy. This gentleman informs us, that the 
plant was sent to Professor Tenore by his pupil, Don 
Giovanno Gussone, from Avellino, in Sicily, where Mr. 
Webb gathered both specimens and seeds. Gussone, a 
zealous, active, and accurate botanist, was at that time 
curator of the Duke of Calabria's garden at Palermo, and 
gave Mr. Webb reason to expect from him before long, a 
Flora Sicula, with descriptions of many new species. 




1 



146. 




( 2446 ) 
Ipomcea speciosa. Broad-leaved Ipomcea. 

jfc &n -V. Sfc &. fc 4"i -fr. >&*■ .^ ■SI'. St*. St*. 4' .4*. 4'. :V, &■* .«fc .4% 

C/crss awd Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-partitus,, nudus. Cor. eampanulata v. infundibuli- 
formis, 5-plicata, Germ. 2-3-loculare, loculis dispermis. 
Stylus, indivisus. Stigma, capitatum, 2-3-lobum. Caps. 
2-3-locularis. Brown. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 
I. Caulis volubilis. Folia indivisa. 

Ipomcea speciosa ; foliis integerrimis cordatis acutis subtus 

argenteo-sericeis, pedunculis petiolo longioribus ura- 

belliferis., bracteis ovato-lanceolatis, stigmate bilobo. 
Ipomcea speciosa ; foliis cordatis subtus tomentoso-seri- 

ceis, pedunculis petiolo longioribus umbelliferis. 

Persoon Syn. 1. p. 183. Roem. et Sch. 4. p. 239. et 

788. 
Convolvulus speciosus ; foliis cordatis subtus tomentoso- 

sericeis, pedunculis petiolo longioribus umbelliferis, 

calycibus acutis, caule volubili. Hort. Kew. ed. I miU 1. 

p.21l.— ed. alt. I. p. 381. Smith. Ic. pict. t. 17. Willd. 

Sp.Pl.l. p. 859. 
Convolvulus nervosus ; foliis cordatis multinerviis subtus 

tomentoso-sericeisj pedunculis umbellatis muitifloris. 

Lam. Encycl. Bot. 3. p. 562. 
Convolvulus nervosus. Burm Ind. 48. t. 20. f. 1 ? De- 

scriptio bene, figura autem pessime quadrat. 
Samudra-Stjogam. Hort. Malab. 11. p. 125. t. 61. 



There is a considerable affinity between Ipomcea speciosa 
and insignis (No. 1790), but the leaves of the former are 

quite 



quite entire, and clothed on the underside with silvery 
silky adpressed hairs, which pubescence extends to the 
peduncles, calyx, and outside of the corolla. 

This is one of the most beautiful species of this exten- 
sive genus; was introduced by the late Right Hon. Sir 
Joseph Banks, from the East Indies, in 1778, but has but 
rarely flowered in our hot-houses, probably from having 
been generally confined to too limited a space. Our 
specimens were communicated by Lady Harland, of Oswell 
Park, Ipswich ; in whose stove it flowered in August, 
September, and October, 1822. Her ladyship observes, 
that " it is an evergreen, and being planted in the corner 
of a pit of mould, in the stove, its branches extend over a 
trellis about twenty- three feet, and, if allowed, would 
fill the house, being constantly growing all the year round, 
so that the gardener is obliged to be continually cutting it 
in. The stem, just above the ground, measures eight 
inches in circumference. It would never flower in a pot, 
as it requires space for its roots, as well as a great deal 
of head -room/' 

The figure in Smith's icones pictae represents the limb 
of the corolla with pointed lobes, and the stigma bifid and 
subulate, probably from the lobes of the stigma having 
fallen oft". The outline figure in our drawing gives a true 
representation of the stigma in our specimens. 

We have formerly mentioned the inadequacy of the 
character drawn from the stigma to distinguish Convol- 
vulus from Ipomoza ; we are inclined to put more con- 
fidence in the funnel-shaped corolla of the latter, as 
contrasted with the campanulate or bell -shaped corolla 
of the former. 




TUb.hi.. 



( 2447 ) 

PROTEA GRANDIFLORA, OL. Idtifolia. BrO AD- 
LEAVED Great-flowered Protea. 

A'- ,'i' . V V. ."V. .St". &• &. &• &• ."V. . V I'. l v I / . , V I / , ■ v I / . &, &, >V. A'. 
if. <jv vff tiff vj. "4s *«ff iff vf. vf? vis vf» <ff vf- vff vf? Vf. "iff 

C7ass awrf Order. 
Tetrandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character, 

Petala 4, quorum 3 superne cohaerentia. Antheree api- 
cibus concavis corollas immersae. Nux supera, undique 
barbata., stylo persistente coronata. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Protea grandiflora ; foliis oblongis sessilibus ramisque 
glabris,, involucro hemisphaerico imberbi nudiusculo : 
corollis tomentosis : unguibus dorso glabriusculis, 
aristis brevissimis, stylo glabro. Brown in Lin. Soc. 
Trans. 10. p. 85. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 1. p. 191. 
Roem. et Sch. Syst. Veg. 3. p. 348. 

Protea grandiflora. Thunb. Diss. 51. — Prodr. 27. — Flor. 
Cap. I. p. 504. Lam. Mustr. 1. n. 1210.— Poire t En- 
cycl. Bot. 5. p. 640. Willd. Sp. PI. 1. p. 530. 

Leucadendron cynaroides, (3. Sp. PI. 136. 
' Lepidocarpodendron folio saligno lato. Boerh. Ind. alt. 2. 
p. 183. cum tab. 

Scolymocephalos foliis oblonsris. Weinm. Phyt. 4. p. 286. 
*.891. * W ' ' 

(0) angustifolia. Bot. Reg. 569. 

Protea marginata; foliis lineari-lanceolatis nudis venosis : 
margine cartilagineo subpubescente, calyce hemis- 
phasrico glabro. L*zm. ///. Gen. 1. #. 235. n. 1225. 

*V aagenboom, Incolis Batavis. 



There are several species of Protea with much larger 
"owers than this, which has probably acquired the name 

of 



of grandiflora from comparing it with Protea Scolymus, 
a much smaller, but somewhat related species. 

Mr. Brown remarks that it sometimes varies with linear- 
oblong leaves,, and is then hardly to be distinguished from 
Protea abyssinica, a species known to us only by the 
figure, and account of it in the appendix toBRUCE's travels. 

The Protea grandiflora is said to form a tree eight or ten 
feet high. Native of the Cape of Good Hope., where it was 
detected by Professor Thunberg. Introduced to the Kew 
garden, by Mr. Francis Masson, in 1787. Our drawing 
was taken several years ago, by the late Mr. Sydenham 
Edwards, at Knight's Exotic nursery in the King's Road, 
not long after its first establishment, from a plant out of the 
collection of George Hibbert, Esq. Flowers in May and 
June. Requires to be kept in an airy greenhouse. 



Kzm 



^\ 




( 2448 ) 
Amethystea c^rulea. Blue Amethyst. 

****************** 

Class and Order. 

DlANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. 5-fida : lacinia infima patentiore. Stam. approxi- 
mata. Calyx subcampanulatus. Stam. 4, gibba. 

Specific Name and Synonyms. 

Amethystea caerulea. Sp. PL 30. — edit. fVilld. 1. p. 121. 

Amoen. Acad. I. p. 386. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 1. p. 48. 

Roem. et Sck. 8i/st. Veg. 1. p. 207. Vahl. Enum. 1. 

p. 212. Gmel. Sib. 3. p. 248. 
Amethystea corymbosa. Pers. Syn. 1. p. 24. 
Amethystina montana erecta, foliis exiguis digitatis trifidis 

serratis, flosculis cum coma e caeruleo janthinis. Amm. 

Ruth. n. 70. Hall in Act. Ups. 1742. p 51./ 1. 



Descr. Stem herbaceous, erect, from one to two feet 
high, square, smooth, purplish. Branches opposite, square, 
with the sides deeply channelled. Leaves opposite on 
channelled footstalks, three parted : leaflets ovate-lanceo- 
late, coarsely serrate : serratures unequal, obtuse, some 
of them denticulate. Flowers blue, in leafy corymbs, ter- 
minal, and axillary, on peduncles longer than the petioles. 
Calyx subcampanulate; half five-cleft: segments acute, 
spreading, caerulescent. Corolla minute, ringent, blue: 
Stamens 2 : filaments short : anthers white, didymous. 
Germens apparently united to near the apex. Style longer 
than stamens, blue : Stigma bifid : lower segment, revo- 
lute. When ripe, the germen separates into four gibbous 
seeds, rough on the convex side. The whole plant is very 
fragrant. Amethystea appears to us to be a connecting 
»nk between the natural orders of Labiate and Vitices. 

Native 



Native of Siberia. A hardy annual, cultivated by Philip 
Miller, in 1759 ; but is rarely met with in our gardens. 
Communicated by N. S. Hodson, Esq. from the botanic 
garden at Bury St. Edmunds, under whose zealous auspices, 
and the skill of his curator, this establishment continues to 
thrive. 



( 2449 ) 

Phlomis Herba venti. Rough-leaved 
Phlomis. 

Class and Order. 

DlDYNAMIA GyMNOSPERMIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-gonus., 5-dentatus. Cor. galea incumbens, cari- 
nato-compressa., barbata, emarginata v. incisa; lab. inferius 
proportionatum : lobo medio majore. Stigmatis labium 
superius brevius. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Phlomis Herba-venti; foliis ovato-oblonsris serratis subtus 

nirtis, calycinis dentibus lanceolato-subulatis erectis, 

bracteis subulatis cauleque hirtis. Willd. Sp. PL 3. 

p. 122. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 3. p. 408. Poir. Encycl. 

Bot. 5. p. 275. Be Cand.fi.fr. 3. p. 556. 
Phlomis Herba-venti ; involucris setaceis hispidis, foliis 

ovato-oblongis scabris., caule herbaceo. Sp. PL 819. 

Hort. Ups. 171. 
Phlomis Herba-venti; foliis venoso-rugosis subtus tomen- 

tosis serratis ; inferioribus cordato-ovatis petiolatis ; 

floralibus lanceolatis subsessilibus ; calycinis dentibus 

patentibus bracteisque subulatis mucronatis. Fl. Taur. 

Cauc. 2. p. 55. 
Phlomis narbonensis hormini folio, flore purpurascente. 

Tournef. Inst. 178. 
Marrubium nigrum longifolium. Bauh. Pin. 230. Ger. 

emend. 701. 
Herba venti. Lob. ic. 532. 
Herba venti monspeliensium. Bauh. Hist. 3. p. 854. 



. Mr. Robert Brown, in his invaluable Prodromus, be- 
etles adopting Persoon's name of Leonotis for one section 

of 



of Phlomis, containing P. nepetifolia, P. Leonurus, and 
P. Leonitis of Linn£;vs, has separated another division of 
the genus, under the name of Leucas, by which he has 
reduced the genus Phlomis very considerably, limiting it 
to fruticosa, purpurea, italica?, Nissolii, armenica, Lych- 
nitisj, laciniata, samia, crinita, biloba, pungens, Herba 
venti, alpina, and perhaps tuberosa, of the hitherto re- 
corded species. 

It is surprising that this handsome plant, which has been 
in our gardens occasionally from the time of Gerard, should 
never before have been figured in any modern botanical 
work ; the wooden cut of Lobel and its copies being the 
only representations existent. 

When exposed to wind and rain, the leaves are apt to 
lose their softer parts, leaving merely a network of fibres, 
pervious to the wind, whence the old name of Herba-venti. 
A hardy herbaceous perennial. Native of the South of 
Europe. Flowers from July to September. Communi- 
cated by Mr. Anderson, from the Chelsea Garden. 



¥m 




**■* h-' t«.r. «r»i»..«) 



( 2450 ) 

Ononis hispanica. Small-leaved Rest-- 
harrow. 

***************** 

Class and Order, 

DlADELPHIA DECANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-partitus : laciniis linearibus. Vexillunt striatum. 
Legumen turgidum, sessile. Filam. connata absque fis- 
sura. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Ononis hispanica; pedunculis aristatis subunifloris, foliis 
omnibus ternatis canaliculars recurvatis totaliter ser- 
ratis. Lin. Suppl. p. 324. Willd. Sp. PL 3. p. 1008. 

Ononis oligochylia. Tenore. 

Anonis non spinosa villosa et viscosa hispanica. Barrel, 
ic. lib. ' 

Ononis crispa, (3. Lam. Encycl. 1. p 510. 



Descr. A low thickly branched shrub : branches short, 
somewhat viscid. Stipules lanceolate, patent, recurved, 
sheathing at the base. Leaves ternate, reflexed : petiole 
channelled : leaflets round-oval, margin entirely serrate, 
except a little at the base, fleshy, ciliate, with glandular 
"airs on the under side; terminal one somewhat largest and 
Petioled. Peduncles solitary, axillary, one-flowered, twice 
the length of the leaf, jointed towards the apex, and 
divided ; the upper portion is what is termed the arista in 
this genus, but seems to be only an abortive pedicel. 
Uilyx five-cleft; segments subulate, patent, viscous, with 
ftairy glands. Vexillum ovate, acute, yellow, streaked 

lth Purple ; ala connivent. Carina very much curved. 

Filaments 



Filaments all connected. Germen oval, pubescent,, with 
adpressed hairs Style ascendent. Stigma pointed. 

Ononis hispanica, crispa, and ramosissima appear to be 
nearly related species ; the former is considered by La- 
marck as a variety of the second; but if the character 
derived from the peduncle is of any value, they must be 
distinct species; hispanica being' described as having aris- 
tated peduncles, while in crispa these are said to be 
unarmed. 

Tenore considered it as a distinct species, and published 
it under the name of oligophylla, but we see no reason to 
separate it from hispanica; we are certain, however, of 
its being Tenore's plant, as it was raised by Mr. Philip 
Barker Webb, from seeds received from that botanist. 
Native of Spain and Italy. Requires to be protected from 
frost. Flowers from May to September. 




»»>f-M* i **'»»»»«*,*« k JU«U. 



( 2451 ) 

Coreopsis lanceolata. Spear-leaved 
Coreopsis. 

&• jfo ifr. &. ISA &. jfc jfc >&, sle. A't ifc jfo tl& jfr. i^ afc A jfr. 
Vf» Vf* Vf." VJ? Vf," VJ»* vf* v|s Vf? vj»" V|. vff *^s* Vf>* Vf." Vf. Vf*" vf» vf. 

Class and Order. 
Syngenesia Polygamia Frustranea. 

Generic Character. 

Receptaculu?n paleaceum. Sem. compressa, emarginata. 
Pappus bicornis. Cal. duplex, uterque polyphyllus. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Coreopsis lanceolata; foliis lanceolatis glabris integerrimis, 
pedunculis unifloris longissimis nudis. 

Coreopsis lanceolata; foliis lanceolatis integerrimis ciliatis. 
8p. PL 1283. Willd. Sp. PL 3. p. 2256. Hort. Kew. 
ed. alt. 5. p. 135. Lam. Encycl. 2. p. 108. Meerb. 
ic. 19? 

Coreopsis lanceolata ; brevicaulis ; foliis cuneato-lanceo- 
latis linearibusve integerrirais ; pedunculis longissimis 
simplicibus nudis, seminibus orbicularis convexo-con- 
cavis scabris manifestrus alatis apice bidentatis emar- 
ginatis, «. glabella. Michaux Flor. Bor. Amer. 2. 
p. 137. 

Coreopsis lanceolata ; foliis sessilibus lanceolato-linearibus 
integerrimis ciliatis, pedunculis elongatis nudis, 
seminibus orbiculatis scabris alatis apice bidentatis 
emarginatis. Pursh. FL Am. Sept. 2. p. 567. 

Widens succisae folio, radio amplo laciniato. Dill. Elth. 55. 

R '•«./. 56. 

widens caroliniana, florum radiis latissimis insigniter den- 

tetis, semine alato per maturitatem convoluto. Mart. 

Cent. 26. t. 26. 



There can be little doubt that our plant is the same 
P ec »es as figured by Dillenius, and by Martyn in his 

Centuria, 



Centuria, both of which are referred to by Linn^us as syno- 
nyms of his Coreopsis lanceolata; or if any hesitation can 
arise, it must be from the form of the seed, the magnified 
outline of which, in our figure, is represented as oblong; 
but it is not improbable that the form of the seed may vary 
in different parts of the disk. 

The only species with which it can be confounded is 
the auriculata ; if indeed lanceolata and auriculata are not 
mere varieties of the same species, which seems to us highly 
probable, and was perhaps the opinion of the accurate 
Nuttall, as he has omitted the latter in his enumeration 
of the species. The ciliae on the leaves vary very much in 
different specimens, and in our plant were not visible to 
the naked eye. 

A tolerably hardy biennial. Native of Carolina. Flowers 
from July to September. Communicated by Mr. Joseph 
Knight, of the Exotic nursery, in the King's Road, 
Chelsea. 







/ 



!*/£ 



( 2452 ) 

OCIMUM CANUM. HoARY BASIL. 

-V, .Sfc iSt*- ^ &, Jt i v I / . .'fr. ilt ah &. lit ifc ^, ill A Ji fli 

"^s.* '/Js' '/Js* ■«$." VIS VfS" ' ^ Iff vf> W & W If >F <t» VP vp- Jp> 

Cfass and Order. 

DlDYNAMIA GYMNOSPERMIA. 

Generic Character. 

Col. lab. superiore orbiculato ; inferiore 4-fido. Cor. 
resupinatae alterum labium 4-fidum : alterum indivisum. 
Filamcnta exteriora basi processum emittentia. 

Specific Character. 

Ocimum stamineum ; foliis oblongo-ellipticis serratis cauis 
longe petiolatis, spicis verticillatis, verticillis subsex- 
floris, staminibus corolla bis longioribus. 

There are so many species of Ocimum which are but 
indifferently defined, that it is almost impossible to decide, 
whether this may not have been already described ; but, 
after a careful examination, we cannot find that it altoge- 
ther agrees with the description of any recorded species, 
and are therefore constrained to consider it as new. 

We are informed that it is sweet scented ; and that it was 
[J*ed from seeds sent from China to the directors of the 
Horticultural Society, in whose garden at Chiswick, our 
untwing was taken last July. 

It seems to be nearest related to Ocimum sanctum and 
f "it<{florum, both East Indian species, and we possess a 
specimen from thence, given us by the late Dr. Heyne, so 
^'mlar, that we are unable to distinguish it from our plant. 
.' "is had the name of Ocimum album appended to it; but 
» nearly as unlike the album of Linnjsus as any two species 
,n the whole genus. We regret the not having had an 
opportunity of examining the living plant. It appears to 
J* annual, and requires to be raised in the stove or 
hotbed. 




^ 



I 



& 




*>•* Vj ^fc-**/.V»lTr, 



( 2453 ) 

Jonidium Ipecacuanha, /3. White 
Ipecacuanha, 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-phyllus., foliolis basi vix productis eidemque aequa- 
libus. Cor. subbilabiata, calcare nullo. Nectarium glan- 
dule binae ad basin germinis. Antherte apice membra- 
nacese plerisque distinctae. Stigma simplex uncinatum. 
Caps, trigona, trivalvis ; valvulis medio seminiferis. Vent. 
Jard.de Malm. 1. p. 27. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Jonidium* Ipecacuanha; foliis ovato - oblongis pedun- 

culis axillaribus solitariis cernuis, petalo inferiore 

maximo emarginato. 
Jonidium Ipecacuanba. Roem. et Sch. Syst. Veg. 5. p. 398. 
Viola Ipecacuanha; foliis ovalibus margine subtusque 

pilosis. Lin. Mant. 484. Suppl. PL 397. mild. I. 

p. 1172. Poir. Encycl. Bot. 8. p. 645. 
(■■) glabrum. 
Jonidium Ipecacuanha; foliis ovatis serratis glabris, petalo 

inferiore piano. Vent. Malm. 1. p. 28. 
Pombalia Ipecacuanha. Vandelli fasc . p. 7. t. 1. 
(0) pubescens. 
Pombalia foliis ovato-lanceolatis crenatis cauleque pubes- 

centibus. Vandelli. 
Viola grandiflora ; veronica; folio villosa. Barrere. Fr. 

equinoct.p. 113. 
Jonidium Calceolaria. Roem. et Sch. 5. p. 394? Vent. 

I.e.? 

Viola 



* From V a violet, and 'iSio» peculiar. 



Viola Calceolaria. Lin. Sp. PL 1327 ? Willd. 1. p. WW 
Viola Itoubou. Aubl. Guian. 2. p. 808. t. 318? 



The genus Viola, as formerly constituted, contains an 
inconvenient number of species, on which account especi- 
ally, we have followed Ventenat, in adopting his genus 
Jonidium; for which, by-the-by, the name of Pombalia, 
given anteriorly by Vandelli, ought to have been pre- 
served; but, as that of Jonidium is used in the new Systerna 
Vegetabilium now publishing, and generally, by the French 
botanists, we leave it undisturbed. 

The root of this plant is supposed to be the white Ipeca- 
cuanha formerly kept in the shops ; but the only Ipeca- 
cuanha now in use is certainly the product of a very 
different plant, also a native of the same country. There 
is no doubt, however, but that the present species is fre- 
quently used in Brazil, for the cure of several disorders, 
especially the dysentery. 

Our plant was raised at the Botanic Garden, Chelsea, 
from Brazil seeds, sent us by Mr. Francis Sello, a very 
industrious and enthusiastic botanist, who has devoted 
several years to the collecting plants, and other subjects of 
Natural History, in that extensive empire. M. Auguste 
de Saint Hilaire, in his observations on a voyage in the 
interior of Brazil, published in the ninth volume of the 
Memoires du Museum d'Histoire Naturelle, page 329, 
asserts, that the Viola Calceolaria and Ipecacuanha of Lin- 
naeus are the same species ; and that the Itoubou of Aublet 
differs in nothing from the Brazil plant, except in its greater 
hairiness; a character, which, he observes, varies extremely 
in different individuals. The same author supposes that 
he had discovered another species, which he calls Jonidium 
indecorum, growing with the Ipecacuanha, and differing in 
nothing from it, but in having a corolla shorter by half than 
the calyx, and three of the filaments sterile. It is probable, 
however, that this was a mere variety from abortion, as 
many of the violets are known to produce apetalous flowers 

u T *!? the season ' whicn bear seeds , even more readily 
than the perfect blossoms ; a circumstance, which, Mr. 
Anderson observed to take place in the very individual 
Irom which our drawing was taken. 

We believe this plant has not before been introduced 
into any of our gardens. It flowered at Chelsea, in July in 
the present year. 



1m 




( 2454 ) 

Desmanthus virgatus. Long-twigged 
Desmanthus. 

******************* *** 

Class and Order. 

POLYGAMIA MONCECIA. 

Generic Character. 

Hermaphrod. Cal. 5-dentatus. Cor. 5-petala, s. 5-par- 
tita. Stam. 10. Pist. A . Lesrumen bivalve. 

XT *"* 

JNeut. Cal. 5-dentatus. Cor. 0. vel 5-petala vel 5-par- 
tita. Stam. 10, sterilia, lanceolato-dilatata. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Desmanthus virgatus ; inermis, foliis bipinnatis : partia- 
libus quadrijugis : propriis duodecim -jugis, spicis 
paucifloris capitatis decandris, leguminibus linearibus, 
caule erecto angulato. Willd. Sp. PL 4. p. 1047. 
Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 5. p. 458. 

Mimosa virgata; inermis, foliis bipinnatis, spicis decandris j 
inferioribus castratis maximis, caule erecto angulato. 
Sp. PL 1502. Jacq. Hort. Vindob. 1. p. 34. t. 80. 

Mimosa orientalis non spinosa, rarioribus ramis, floribus 
spicatis. Pluk. Aim. 252. t. 307. /. 4? 

A delicate upright shrub, distinguished by its long linear 
Pods, with which the figure of Rheede, Hort. Malab. v. 9. 

20. referred to by Linn^us, does not in the least agree, 
*e have therefore omitted that synonym altogether. Nor are 
*e without doubts respecting the one from Plukenet, that 
n gure representing the branches divaricate, and peduncles 
l0 »ger than the leaves. Jacquin's figure and description 
a oove referred to accords entirely with our plant, which 
J^s communicated by John Walker, Esq. in August last, 
r °m his collection at Arno's grove, Southgate. 

Native of the Wes4 Indies, and also of the East Indies, 

li be the same with Linmbus's plant. 




1Y2451 



( 2455 ) 
Momordica Charantia. Tuberculated 

MoMORDICA. 

Class and Order. 

MONCECIA MONADELPHIA. 

Generic Character. 

Masc. Cal. 5-fidus. Cor. 5-partita. Fllam 3. 
Pem. Cal. 5-fidus. Cor. 5-partita. Stylus 3-fidus. Pepo 
elastice dissiliens. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Momordica Charantia; pomis oblongis acuminatis angu- 
latis tuberculatis, bractea cordata integerrima infra 
medium pedunculi, foliis septemlobo-palmatis dentatis 
subhirsutis. Willd. Sp. PL 4. p. 602. Hort. Kew. ed. 
alt. 5. p. 342. 

Momordica Charantia; pomis augulatis tuberculatis, foliis 
villosis lomntudinaliter palmatis. Sp. PL 1432. Hort. 
Cliff. 451. 

Balsamina cucumerina iudica, fructu majore flavescente. 
Comm. Hort. 1. p. ]03. t. 54. 

Amara indica. Rumph. Amb. 5. p. 410. t. 151. 

Cucumis Zeylanicus. Herm. Lugd. p. 204. 

Pandipavel. Hort. Malab. 8. p. 17. t. 9. 



We are inclined to consider the Momordica muricata of 
Willdenow to be merely a variety of our present species ; 
f° r in the natural order of Cucurbitace^e but little confi- 
dence cau be placed in the size, or even form of the fruit ; 
witness the numerous varieties of Cucumbers, Melons, and 
Gourds. 

The figures of Commelin and Rhede, above referred to, 
a gree very well with our specimen, but that of John Mil- 
lz * in his Illustrations of Botany, represents the fruit as 

much 



much smaller and less tuberculated ; but the bracte on the 
peduncle, with quite entire margins, proves it to belong 
to Momordica Charantia, and serves to distinguish the 
species from Momordica Balsamina, in which the bracte is 
dentate, and placed nearer to the fruit. 

A tender annual. Native of the East Indies, where it 
is cultivated to cover fences, and to form a shade over 

arbours. The bitter leaves are used instead of Hops to 

check fermentation in the beer of the Dutch inhabitants, 

which is made from sugar, not from malt. 

Flowers in June and July. Requires to be raised in the 

stove or hot-bed. Communicated by John Walker, Esq. 

of Arno's Grove. 



Mm 







W 





( 2456 ) 
Cyrilla racemi flora. Carolina Cyrilla. 

Class end Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. parvus, subturbinatus, 5-partitus. Petala 5, stel- 
latim patentia. Stam. receptaculo inserta. Stylus brevis : 
stigmata 2, raro S. Ca^s. bilocularis, non dehiscens : loculis 
1-spermis. Sem. e summo receptaculo axillari appensa. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Cyrilla racemiftora; foliis cuneato-lanceolatis acutis subtus 

subnervosis, racemis gracilibus elongatis, petalis pedi- 

cello longioribus. 
Cyrilla racemiflora. L. Mant. 50. Syst. Veg cd. 14. p. 

241. Jacq. ic. rar. t. 47. Collect. 1. p. 162. Lam. 

Encycl. 2. p. 245. 
Cyrilla caroliniana ; foliis cuneato-lanceolatis acutis mem- 

branaceis nervillosis, spicis gracilibus, petalis pedicello 

longioribus. Mickaux Fl. Bor. Am. 1. p. 158. Per- 

soon Syn. 1. j». 175. PwrsA F/. ^fm. Sept. 1. />- 170. 

-NmW. Jmer. 1. p. 144. Poir. Encycl suppl 2. p. 436. 

floem. e< &A. %sf. Feg\ 5. p. 408. 
Itea Cyrilla; foliis lanceolatis integerrimis. L' Merit. Stirp. 

1. />• 137. f. 66. Swartz Prodr. bO.—Flor. Ind. Occid. 

1. p. 506.— Obs. p. 94. t. 4. »W £>• P/. 1. p- 1146. 

#or*. tfew?. ed. alt. 2. />. 37. 



Descr. An upright shrub, from four to six feet high. 
Swartz says, that in the mountains of Jamaica, it grows 
occasionally into a tree twenty feet high). Leaves obovate- 
Janceolate, smooth, quite entire. Racemes of white flowers, 
Rowing, sometimes singly, sometimes opposite, but more 
generally collected, a number together, at the end of the 

last 



last year's shoot, and beneath that of the present year, four 
inches long, slender : pedicels a line in length, very close 
together, with a subulate bracte of the same length, at the 
base of each. Calyx very small, 5-parted : segments con- 
cave. Petals twice the length of the calyx, ovate, acute, 
spreading, marcesent. Stamens 5 : filaments inserted into 
the receptacle below the germen, somewhat shorter than 
the petals. Anthers oval, purple, didymous. Germen su- 
perior, ovate, two-celled : ovula, apparently two in each 
cell. Style short, divided half way into two, fleshy, divari- 
cate, obtuse stigmas. Ripe capsule not seen. 

Great confusion has taken place in consequence of L'He- 
ritier having united the Cyrilla of Linnjeus to Itea, in 
which he has been followed by Swartz, Willdenow, La- 
marck, and the authors of both editions of the Hortus 
Kewensis. But since more attention has been paid to 
affinities, it has been found, that these genera cannot even 
belong to the same natural order, at least as these are 
at present defined ; and in consequence the most modern 
authors have again restored the genus Cyrilla to its ori- 
ginal destination. In doing this.!" however, they have un- 
necessarily, and, as we think, improperly, changed the 
specific name from racemiflora to caroliniana. 

The difference between these genera, consists in the 
different insertion of the stamens, the number and attach- 
ment of the seeds, the dehiscence of the capsule of Itea, 
and the division of the style in Cyrilla. 

A pretty shrub. Native of Carolina. Requires the pro- 
tection of a greenhouse. Introduced in 1765 by Mr. John 
Cree. Flowers in July and August. Communicated by 
Messrs. Loddiges and Sons. 



( 2457 ) 

ECHINOPS STRICTUS. UPRIGHT GlOBE- 

Thistle. 

Class- and Order. 

Syngenesia, Polygamia Segregata. 

Generic Character. 

Calyces uniflori. Corollula tubulosae herniaphroditae. 
Receptaculum setosum. Pappus obsoletus. 

Specific Character. 

taiNops strictus ; caule simplici stricto unifloro, foliis ero- 
so-pinnatifidis spinuloso-dentatis supra glabris subtus 
tomentosis. 



Descr. Stem erect, simple, three or four feet high, 
furrowed, somewhat woolly. Leaves alternate, half-stem 
embracing, unevenly pinnatifid, toothed ; teeth terminated 
with a small spine. Peduncle terminal, elongated, rounded, 
bearing a large globular head of florets without any 
involucre. Calyx (proper) imbricate : leaflets lanceolate 
With a bristly point, the inner ones largest. Florets tu* 
1)u «*r: tube white: limb linear^ revolute, bright blue. 



| h a bristly point, the inner ones largest. Florets tu- 
w : tube white : limb linear; revolute, bright blue, 
Anthers blue, soon turning brown : stigma deeper blue, 
bl H revolute. Germen oblong, hairy, white. Pappus 
{ i0lle * Receptacle bristly j but the bristles adhere to the 
b °ttom of the calyxes, and when these are pulled off the 
re ^;Ptacle is left naked and honey-combed. 
R l "is appears to be an undescribed species. Native of 
Russia. Communicated by AyLmer Bourre Lambert, 
^ so r m September 1823, and was raised at Boy ton, from 
*eeds received from Dr. Fischer, late of Gorenki, but now 
"lector of the Imperial botanic garden at St. Petersburg!!, 



Im 




■■TzAKTJ/t Tan-lJSU. 






( 2458 ) 

NlCANDRA PHYSALOIDES. PttYSALIS-LIKE 
NlCANDRA. 

***************** 

Class and Order. 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. 5-partitus, 5-angulatus, inflatus. Filamenta basi 
fornicata, germen tegentia. Bacca ex succa, 3 — 5 [ocularis . 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Nicandra physaloides ; foliis ovato-oblongis eroso-sinuatis, 

petiolis decurrentibus. 
Nicandra physaloides. Gcertn. sem. 2. p. 237. t. 131./. 2. 

Persoon Syn. 1. p. 219. Willd. Enum. p. 231. Pursh. 

Pi Am. Sept. 1. p. 158. Nutt. Gen. Am. 1. p. 130. 

Roem. et Sch. Syst. Veg. 4. p. 681. 
Atropa physaloides ; caule herbaceo, foliis sinuato-angu- 

latis, calycibus clausis acutangulis. Sp. PL 260. 

Willd. 1. p. 1017. Jacq. Obs. 4. p. 12. t. 98. Hort. 

Kew.ed.alt. 1. ;>. 392. 
™*saus daturcefolia ; foliis ovatis acutis sinuato-angulatis, 

calycibus fructescentibus acutangulis. Lam. Encycl. 

%■ P. 102. 
Ulydermos erosus ; caule pentagono, foliis ovatis eroso- 

angulatis, pedunculis unifloris erectis, fructibus cer- 

nms. Flor. Peruv. 2. p. 44. 
Uere ngi amplo flore violaceo. Feuill. Peruv. 2. p. 724. 

t. 16. 



thr T' Root annual - Stem branched, upright, two or 

bra* a hi & h ' sometimes considerably more elevated: 

vervrL* an S ular - leaves oblong-oval, unevenly sinuate, 

T »ke those of the stramonium or thorn-apple : petioles 

dccurrent. 



decurrent. Peduncles opposed to the leaves, one-flowered, 
at first erect, afterwards cernuous. Calyx five-cleft : seg- 
ments ovate, acute, sagittate at the base, sides compressed 
into five acute angles, persistent and becoming more in- 
flated. Corolla bell-shaped : limb spreading, five-cleft : 
segments rounded. Stamens shorter by half than the 
corolla : Filaments hairy, broad and arched at the base, 
covering the germen, as in the Campanula. Germen glo- 
bular in the specimens we have examined, always five- 
celled. Capsule or dry berry globular, five-celled : Re- 
ceptacles central, dilated outwards. Seeds many, oval, 
smooth. 

The name of Nicandra was first given to this genus by 
Adanson, and adopted by Jlssieu, Persoon, and others. 
Schreber applied the same name to the Potalia of Aublet 
which may occasion some confusion ; but it will be better 
to retain Aublet's original name for his plant than to 
adopt a new name for this, as Ruez and Pavon have done. 
It ought, undoubtedly, to be separated from Atropa. 

Native of Peru and Chili ; grows very well in the open 
border ; but is best raised in a hot- bed and treated like 
other tenderer annuals ,• it may, however, be sown in the 
spring in the open ground, but will not flower so early. 
Communicated by John Walker, Esq, 



( 2459 ) 

Ammobium alatum. Winged-stalked 
Ammobium. 

****************** 

Class and Order. 

Syngenesia Polygamia MQVAU&. 
Sect. Discoidei. 

Generic Character. 

Receptaculum paleis distinctis. Pappus: margo dentatus. 
Anther a basi bisetae. Involucrum imbricatum, coloratum, 
radians. 

Herba erecta, tomentosa. Folia integerrima: radicalia 
lanceolata, basi attenuata : caulina minora, decurrentia. 
Caulis aUitns, ramis uniftoris. Involucra hemisph&rica 
laminis albis, intimis patulis radium abbreviatum effor- 
inantibus. Corollulae uniformes } flava. Stigmata truncato- 
ditatata. Semina ancipitia. Receptaculum convexum- 
Brown. 

Specific Name. 
Ammobium alatum. Br. Mss> 



Descr. Root supposed to be perennial. Herb upright, 
tomentose. Leaves quite entire : radical ones lanceolate, 
"arrowed towards the base : cauline ones smaller, decur- 
Jent. Stem winged. Branches one-flowered. Involucre 
(°r common calyx) hemispherical, consisting of white 
^ues; the inner one spreading and forming a short ray. 
'lorets uniform, yellow. Stigmas dilated and truncate. 
^ds flat, with two sharp edges. Receptacle convex. 

An undescribed genus, belonging to the same tribe with 



* Zppat; saud, £io( life. 

Gnaphalium, 



Gnaphalium, discovered by Robert Brown,, Esq. in 1804, 
growing plentifully near the shores of Port Hunter (or the 
Coal River), in New South Wales, and named by him 
Ammobium, from its growing in sand. Our specimens were 
communicated by Edward Forster, Esq. in August 1823, 
from his garden at Hale-End house, where it flourished iij 
the open ground. It was raised from seeds received from 
New South Wales, without name, but marked native pf 
Bathurst Plains. 






! 



J r 24£C 




( 2460 ) 
PLECTRANTHUS TERNATUS. TERNATE-LEAVED 

Plectranthus, or OmimL 

Class and Order. 

DlDYNAMIA GyMNOSPERMIA, 






Generic Character. 



Cat. bilabiatus, labio inferiore diviso striatus : fructifer 
basi subtus gibbosus. Corolla lab. super trifidum, lacinia 
media biloba: inferius longius, integrum (plerumque con-> 
cavum). Stamina declinata, filamentis edentulis (nunc basi 
connatis) : antheris unilocularibus, imberbibus. Brown. 

Specific Character. ==±= 

Plectranthus ternatus ; caule sexangulato, foliis ternatis 
petiolatis ovatis crenatis rugosis, radicibus tuberosis, 
spicis terminalibus verticillatis. 



- 



Descr. Root fibrous, bearing tubers in the same manner 
as the potatoe. Stem and Branches decumbent till about 
to flower, when the stem becomes erect, six-angled, the 
sides deeply grooved. Leaves growing by threes, crowded 
together, ovate, crenate, rugose, on long channelled pe- 
tioles. Flowers in terminal verticillate spikes : whorls 
many-flowered. Bractes ovate, small, falling off before 
the flower expands. Calyx pubescent, appearing sprinkled 
with golden-coloured glands when seen through a lens, 
bilabiate : upper lip large, quite entire : lower lip 4-toothed, 
Corolla bilabiate : lower lip canoe-shaped, compressed, 
Stamens 4, didynamous : filaments without teeth, connate 
^ the base. Germens 4, seated on a fleshy receptacle : 
*(yfe ascendent : Stigma bifid. 

. For this very rare and seldom flowering plant, we are 
indebted to our friend Robert Barclay, Esq. in whose 
stove at Bury Hill, it flowered for the first time, in No- 
vember 



Vember 1823. We are informed by this gentleman, tkt 
he received the tubers in November 1820, from his friend 
Charles Telfair, Esq. of the Mauritius, where the plant 
has been introduced from Madagascar, and is there culti- 
vated under the name of Omime, for the sake of its tubers, 
which are esteemed as a choice and delicate esculent. The 
tubers arrived in good condition and kept sound some 
months, and were freely communicated by Mr. Barclay to 
several collections; but we do not find that any other 
person has succeeded in bringing it into flower, which we 
understand but rarely takes place, even at the Mauritius. 

Mr. Barclay has grown this plant in the border, under 
a frame, and in the stove, but has not found, that in any 
case, it has with him produced any tubers. Yet his plants 
were raised from the imported tubers. 

Dr. Roxburgh has described an East Indian species, under 
the name of Ocimum tuberosum, which has a near affinity 
with this in the form of its leaves as well as its tuberous 
roots, and a specimen of it is preserved in the Banksian 
herbarium, now the property of Robert Brown, Esq. 



The outline Figures represent : 

1. The Corolla laid open to show the insertion of the stamen. 

2. The Pistil. 

3. The Calyx. All magnified. 



ERRATA IN LAST NUMBER. 

2452. 1. 9, for * stamineum' read 'canum.' 

2453. p. 2, 1. 19, for ! Francis' read * Freperick.' 



( 2461 ) 

Rhipsalis salicornoides. Glasswoht- 
like Rhipsalis. 

***************** 

Class and Order. 

IcOSANDRIA MoNOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. superus, 3-4-partitus, brevissimus. Cor. polypetala. 
Slam, plurima. Stigma partitum. Bacca infera, unilocu- 
laris, pellucida. Semina duodena, centralia. Gaertn. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Rhipsalis salicornoides ; caule prolifero articulato, articulis 
teretibus clavatis, floribus terminalibus subsolitariis. 

Rhipsalis salicornoides; articulato-prolifer; erectus; valdc 
ramosus ; ramis erecto-patulis teretibus subangula- 
tisque ; fasciculis spiimlarum juniorum capillacearum 
minutis albicantibus, nudo ocuio iuconspicuis. Ha- 
vorth Suppl. PL Succul. p. 83. 



Oescr. Plant trailing, proliferous ; branches very nu- 
merous, spreading, jointed : joints club-shaped, rounded, 
"oercled, smooth, scarred, glaucous, older stems grey. 
lowers terminal, solitary, or in pairs. Corolla superior, 
yellow; petals numerous, thin, beautifully reticulated, 
concave, connivent, never opening wide. Style long ; 
Ht &na included, large, cleft. 

l he plant when young has a very different habit. It is 
I eu erec t, the joints shorter, and more turgid at their 
sh >Ver 1 porti ? ns ^ so as to be nearly oval instead of club- 
'■ a ped; their tubercles are more numerous, and each is 
T ^vned with a little tuft of soft, white, diverging hairs, 
j, ls a Ppearance is not observed on plants whose stems 
*oa! i? tta * ned an y considerable length, excepting occa- 
H1, y near the ground, but scars are seen upon them as 

if 



if the tufts of hairs had fallen off. This habit is shewn in 
a young specimen at the bottom of the plate. 

The specimen drawn was raised from a cutting obtained 
from Mr. Shepherd, of the botanic garden, Liverpool, in 
1818. It has been kept in the stove, and flowered for the 
first time, and very freely, in the spring of 1822. 

For the above description and the drawing, by Mr. 
Syme, we are indebted to Dr. Graham, professor of botany, 
in the University of Edinburgh. 



( 2462 ) 

Malpighia lucida. Wedge-leavei> Bar- 
badoes Cherry. 

****************** 

Class and Order. 
Decandria Trigynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. 5-phyllus, basi extus poris binis melliferis. Petala 
»> subrotunda, unguiculata. Filamenta basi cohserent'm 
(nunc libera). Drupa 1-locularis, tripyrena : nucibus mo- 

sospermis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

"'Upighia lucida; foliis obovatis cuneiformibus integer- 
nmis aveniis nitidis, racemo terminali. Swartz Fl. 
Ind. Occid. 2. p. 852. Prodr. p. 74. Willd. Sp. PL 2. 
736. Persoon Syn. 1. p. 506. Hort. Keiv. ed. alt. 3. 
p. 105. f 



'in 



Uescr. Calyx five-leaved, at first erects afterwards re- 
rJn^i at ^ 1G a P eXj persisting', surrounded by ten gibbous, 

«Mish-brown, obovate glands, disposed like a crown 
™?und the top of the pedicel, indistinctly divisible into 

Sh »k* k corres P ond with the petals, and are alternate 
^ Ul the leaflets of the calyx. Petals five, lamina reniform, 
^cuve, perfectly smooth, but slightly irregular at the 
J^ • Cfaws linear, long, recurved, colour in the bud 
J ' y w hite, but after expansion gradually passing into a 
-j.1 P re ddish orange, of singular and inimitable beauty, 
racf gradation of tint from the apex to the base of the 
, eil m ^ ad(ls greatly to the beauty of the plant. Stamens 
Ant' laments erect, united one half of their length: 
^/tcrs oblong, half the length of the filaments. Ger- 
thr w C( f!- il ^ Slm k w *thin the calycine glands : Sti/les 
fa' ^"torm, slightly diverging : Stigmas very small. 
"*» terminal : three, unequal, ovate-lanceolate Braclcs 

at 



at the foot of each pedicel. Leaves obovate -cuneiform, 
quite entire, sub-glaucous, firm, veinless; it belongs to 
Jussieu's natural order of Malpighiae. 

Native of the East Indies. Cultivated in the stove. It 
is uncertain when the plant was introduced into the Edin- 
burgh Botanic garden ; but the original specimen has 
flowered very freely in the stove for several years, and is 
now a shrub of more than six feet high. The species is 
very ornamental, and deserves to be much more generally 
cultivated. It has never produced fruit, but is readily 
propagated by cuttings. The drawing was taken by Mr. 
Syme, in June 1821. 

Dr. Graham, professor of botany in the University of 
Edinburgh, to whom we are indebted for the above account 
and the drawing, would insert this genus in M onadelphia 
Decandria ; but as Persoon remarks that the filaments are 
not always connected, we think it best to retain it in the 
class where it has been inserted by all the systematic 
writers. 



( 2463 ) 

Crinum Submersum. Lake Crinum. 

****************** 

Class and Order. 

Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — Vide No. 2292. 

Addendum. Scapus solidus, demum flaccidus. 

Specific Character. 

Sect. II. Semipatentes. Subd. I. Ornatae. 

Crinum submersum; bulbo oblongo-ovato rubescente ; 
foliis loratis canaliculars acutis margine scabro ; 
scapo 8-[pluri ?]-floro sesquipedali compressor viridi ; 
spatha 4-unciali, bracteis gracilibus ; germine sessili 
oblongo-ovali viridi; loculis 7-spermis; tubo 5-un- 
ciali viridescente ; laciniis 4-uncialibus albis intus et 
extus rubro-striatis apice acuto rubro, ovalibus, basi 
canaliculato, temere || vel || latis, tribus externis 
uncatis ; genitalibus assurgenter curvatis ; stylo rubro 
limbo breviore filamentis longiore ; stigmate minuto 
trilobo albo; filamentis basi sub-gibbosa; antheris 
pallide cinerascentibus, polline luteo ; floribus fra- 
grantibus ante expansionem nutantibus. W. H. 

Descr. Bulb oblong-ovate, purplish red, three inches 
diameter ; leaves yellowish green, sharp-pointed, chan- 
nelled, with a rough edge ; scape eight or more flowered, 
eighteen inches high, a little flattened, green, stained with 
reddish near the base ; spathe near four inches long, withering 
early; bractes slender; genrien sessile, oblong-oval, green; 
cells seven-seeded ; tube five inches long, greenish yellow; 
lacinice four inches long, white, striped with pink, sharp- 
Pointed, tipped with red, oval, channelled near the base, 
the three outer hooked ; genitals curved upwards ; style 
r ed, a little shorter than the limb, longer than the filaments; 
stigma minute, three-lobed, white ; filaments a little 
knobbed at their insertion ; anthers before their inversion 
pale ash-colour, mottled with straw-colour ; pollen deep 
yellow ; flowers nodding before expansion, fragrant. 

This 



This is a most interesting plant., whether it be an inter- 
mediate link connecting two species, which are widely 
separated from each other in the two sections of its genus, 
so closely, that it is difficult to say unto which it has most 
affinity, or a hybrid generated between them in the swamps 
of America. The bulb was discovered by George Hop- 
kins, in the vicinity of Rio Janeiro, growing in water in 
a spot, which, after an unusual course of dry weather, was 
still inuudated, in company with several plants of a smaller 
white Crindm, which appears likely to prove a variety 
approaching to the Corantyne variety, of C erubescens. 
The bulb was received at Spofforth, in August, having 
three dead scapes adhering to it, and it flowered about six 
weeks after, having been planted in drift sand and well wa- 
tered; being in every point of bulb, leaf, and infloresence, 
intermediate between C. scabrum and erubescens. The 
bulb and foliage greatly resemble the artificial mules at 
Spofforth, between those two species, of which the flower- 
ing, which has not yet taken place, will now be expected 
with increased curiosity. The flowers of submersum have 
the fine nocturnal fragrance of erubescens, but less power- 
fully. The filaments are knobbed, and the connecting 
membrane visible between them as In erubescens, but less 
conspicuously. The upper filament detaches itself as in 
that species, but with less regularity, sometimes taking 
pne of the laterals with it. The anthers before their inver- 
sion are of a paler ash colour than those of erubescens, 
mottled with the straw colour of scabrum. The petals 
have the channelled base and sharp-pointed long-oval form 
which belongs to the Crina of the first section, with the 
lesser expansion and the colouring which belongs to the 
second. The number of ovules is also intermediate be- 
tween scabrum and erubescens. The ovules and pollen 
appeared perfect. Have we in this instance discovered a 
native mule in the wilderness? Have we lit upon the first 
origin of a new species? or, have we in this bulb an ori- 
ginal link in the creation between two plants which have 
been placed by some writers in different genera ? Which- 
ever be the case, no unprejudiced botanist can now compare 
the three plants and not consider them of one genus. C. 
scabrum is known to grow on the woody hills near Rio, 
and its pollen may have been brought down to the lake 
on the plumage of a humming bird, and produced acci- 
dentally the same resuk in the wilds of Brazil, which art 
has effected in our stoves. IV. H. 



a. Represents the whole plant in miniature, b. The ovules in one cell. 
c. the half-gibbous insertion of the filaments. 



«*"***. MhSt^ulf^^tL. 




( 2464 } 

HABRANTHUS GRACILIFOLIUS. SLENDER- 
LEAVED HABRANTHUS. 






Class and Order. 

If EXAKDSfA MoN<QGYNIA. 

Generic Character, 



Sp&tha Integra apice bifido. Scapus 1 -2 [pluri ?] -floras ; 
peduuculatiis, cavus. Germen a peduncuio declinature, 
oolongo-subturbinatum, subtrigonum, triloculare. Corolla 
campanulata. Tubus brevis, campanulatus, membrana 
crassa circumvallante clausns. Lacinits alternae sequales, 
«xtera marginibus tubo rmbricantibus. Stylus (uti fita- 
*K»te) declinatus assurgenter curvatus. Filamenta pariter 
roembrana tubo connexa, quorum quatema discrepantia, 
summum et infimum mediae kmgitudinis, infimum suramo 
wigms, lateralia duo superiora longissima, inferiora duo 
wevissima. Anther& media parte annexae, incumbentes. 
rotten ut in Zephyranthe, Hippeastri et Amaryllidis polline 
•^nuhus. Stigma trilobum. Semina non visa. 

Specific Character. 

abtunthus gracilifolius; bulbo oblongo, foliis subcylin- 
draceis, scapo prsecoce 8-uncialr, corolla 1£ unciali 
pallide purpureo-rubescente, tubo viridi membrana 
crassa jiridi clausus, laciniis acutis, exterissemunciam, 
jnternis |- unc. latis, stylo nlameniis longiore limbo 
weviore, antheris et polline luteis. W, H. 

"escr. Bulb oblong, blackish; leaves four or five, 
ossy green, very slender, cylindrical, with a channelled 

ii<4,° a t,1G " mer su * e; sca P €S slender, seven or eight inches 
JBft purplish near the base, appearing before the leaves, 
dy f Q T ilVe; *P<*the green, an inch and quarter long; pe- 
jiir & reen » erect, two or two and half inches long ; 
<cers *"2 [perhaps more] scentless, closing at night; ex- 
panding 



paneling more in the sun ; petals of alternate width, the 
outer half an inch, the inner less, pale purplish pink, with 
a green eye ; tube and membrane green ; membrane about 
one-twelfth of an inch thick ; style of the same colour as 
the petals, longer than the filaments, shorter than the 
limb ; pollen deep yellow. 

This elegant little plant was imported from Maldonado, 
in S. America. The leaves having decayed in the summer, 
it produced one scape at Spofforth in September, and a 
second at the beginning of November. It is a hardy green- 
house bulb, and may perhaps succeed out of doors with 
us in a favourable situation. It agrees with no genus here- 
tofore described. Habranthus in general appearance 
approaches to Zephyranthes, from which it is distinguished 
by filaments of four lengths, fasciculate, declined, not 
inserted, as in Zephyranthes, at the base of the petals with- 
out the mouth of the tube ; but connected with its sides 
by a very thick fleshy membrane which fills up the whole 
tube. Species will perhaps be found hereafter in which 
the membrane may be less massive, in which case the union 
of the filaments with the corolla would be just within the 
mouth of the tube. It differs from Oporanthus, or Sterne- 
bergia, in having the germ pedunculated and declined, 
not oval or compressed, the filaments of four lengths and 
declined, and, doubtless, also in the seed; from Hippeas- 
trum, in having the petals of alternate width; the limb 
campanulate, the mouth of the tube not abbreviated, the 
filaments equally inserted, with a different fourfold diver- 
sity of length ; from Amaryllis, by a hollow scape which 
implies a difference of seed, peduncles erect, germ declined, 
and filaments of four lengths equally inserted. Chlidanthus 
differs from Habranthus in having a cylindrical tube, fila- 
ments erect, attached to the base of the petals, and of 
alternate length; anthers erect, attached at their base. 
The scape of Habranthus being hollow, its seeds are pro- 
bably shelly. W. H. 



a. The style, filaments, and membrane, o. The upper petal and filament. 
shewing a section of the membrane, c. A leaf. d. An offset with thel eat. 





.Mil *, J ! » 



) 



A4.1yJ:tw<i, WMndi 



( 2465 ) 

Erica bucciniflora. Trumpet-flowered 

Heath. 

♦# ♦ » f f ♦ »ft$ $# y> & f ♦ f » ♦ 

Cfos* #wtZ Order. 

OcTAXDRIA MoNOGVNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. 4-phyllus. Co?\ persistens : limbo 4-fido. Antherce 
ante anthesin per foramina 2 lateralia connexae. Caps. 
4— 8-locularis, 4 — 8-valvis. 

Specific Character. 

Sect. II. Longiflorae. Subdiv. C. Antherce muticse. Folia 
quaterna. Flores terminal es, pauci ( I — 8). 

Erica bucciniflora : floribus subquaternis, bracteis a calyce 
reinotis, foliis qnaternis linearibus ciliatis. 



Descr. Stem shrubby, in our specimen half a foot high, 
hill of branches and twiggy, the branches spreading. 
waves by fours, linear, pointed at the top, beset with 
hairs at the edges, flat above, furrowed beneath, with Very 
short footstalks pressed to the branches. Flowers terminal, 
growing by fours and sixes at the ends of the branches, 
w »th short red hairy foot-stalks, and furnished with two 
small bractes at their base. Calyx four leaved : leaflets 
•ance-shaped, sharp at the point and keeled. Corolla trumpet- 
shaped and slender, the segments of the border spreading, 
and very white ; the tube of a flesh colour. Stamens eight : 
^laments hair-like. Anthers beardless, included within 
lh e tube of the blossom. Germen club-shaped and fur- 
rowed. Stigma four-cornered. 

Native of the Cape of Good Hope, near the Roodezands 
mountains, where it was found by Mr. Burchall. Flowers 
lf °m May to September. 

>Ve are indebted to Edward Rudce, Esq. FRS. AS. and 
**•* author of the Plants Guianenses, for the description 

of 



of this new species of Erica, in whose conservatory at 
Evesham it flowered, in 1823, and to Mrs. Rudge for the 



drawing. 



Reference to the bottom Figures : 

1. Flower. 2. Calyx. 3. Stamens and Pistil. 4. Germen and Style. 
5. Filaments and Anthers 6. Anthers magnified. 7. Germen and Style 
magnified. 



( 2466 ) 
Crinum Careyanum. Dr. Carey's Crinum. 

Class and Order. 

Hexandma Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — Vide No. 2292. 

Addendum. Scapus solidus, demum fiaeeidus. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 
Sect. II. Seinipatentes. Subd. I. Oniatae. 

Crinum Careyanum, bulbo sphaerico, foliis Ioratis undu- 
latis margine scabro scapo compresso multifloro lon- 
gioribus apice acuto, genuine trigono sessili, [loculis 
3-6 spermis ?] limbo patente, laciniis albis apice obtuso 
eroso reflexo extus apicem versus rubeseentibus tubo 
ngide eurvato longioribus, stylo filamentis assurgenter 
curvatis longiore laciniis breviore, stigmate vel trifido 
vel breviter trilobo. 

Crinum ornatum. Carey M. S. et Nobis in Spec. enum. 
No. 2121. p. 7. Species of the Oniatae from Mauri- 
tius. Nobis in Append. 27. W. H. 

Descr. Bulb sphaerical, reddish. Leaves multifarious, 

j'udulate, thong-like, with a sharp point, above two feet 

,on & two inches wide, channelled, deep green, with a 

rough margin. Scape green, flattened, near two feet high. 

flowers six or more, fragrant. Spathe short, withering early. 

* w6 e with obsolete angles, three and half inches long, 

greenish, very much curved, rigid. Limb widely expanded, 

ueasuring about six and half inches across. Lacinice four 

Relies *°ng, one and quarter wide or less, with the point 

jeuexed, very blunt, and notched near the end, all termi- 

,a «ng with a hook, white, stained on the outside near the 

xtreimty with red. Filaments white, curved upwards, 

snorter than the style. Pollen very pale straw colour. Style 

Ulv ed, red near the extremity, shorter than the limb when 

J full 



full blown, of the same length at the moment of expansion 
Stigma either deeply trifid, or shortly three-lobed, varying 
in the same umbel. Germen sessile, triangular. Celh 
with perhaps five or six very indistinct ovules. 

This beautiful species deserves particular attention, be- 
cause it forms a point of union between the first subdiv. 
the section Patentes, or Linnaean Crinum, and the first 
subdiv. of the second section which has been detached 
from the genus Amaryllis with which it does not conform. 

Our figure represents the umbel not full-blown ; at a 
later period the petals become more reflex, and, excepting 
their greater proportional breadth and bluntness, there is 
hardly any difference between the form of the flowers and 
those of Crinum americanum. The plant is, however, so 
closely allied to C. speciosum, which has the limb wide- 
funnel-shaped, that we hesitated whether it should be consi 
dered a variety of that species. It is distinguished from it by 
greater undulation of the leaves, which are also more acute, 
broader bractes, style longer than the filaments, occasional 
splitting of the stigma, tube more rigid and curved, petals 
much blunter and notched, longer than the tube, coloured 
only at the extremity, and the wide expansion of the limb. 
It is a native of Mauritius, from whence it was received by 
Dr. Carey, who transmitted it to the Spofforth collection. 
We could not retain his name, Ornatum, which if applied 
to any Crinum, would belong to C. Broussoneti, which is 
the Amaryllis ornata of Linn. fil. Crinum insigne has the 
coats of the bulb harder, the leaves tougher and not un- 
dulated, the points of the petals acute, and is of larger 
stature. The buds of C. insigne and speciosum just before 
expansion are very acute ; those of C. careyanum are club- 
shaped. These three species, and Crinum moluccanwn, 
are, however, closely allied ; there is another E. Indian 
bulb at Spofforth, belonging to the same group with leaves 
shorter, darker, and more obtuse. The anthers of C wfi- 
luccanum are represented in our figure 2292, as black, but 
the pollen had been rubbed oft' in the transmission ot the 
specimen : the anthers in a perfect state would have been 
covered with pale pollen. No species of Crinum or Hipp 6 * 
astrum has been discovered with dark coloured pollen- 
The range in both genera is from whitish to deep £ old 
colour. The point of the leaf in our figure of C. ««>*" f ' 
canum, is also more acute than is the usual habit of " iat 
plant. W. II, 



a. TIm- Germen shewing one cell opened with the indistinct ovules- 







— r\r , 



-ffiiftui* thdj 



( 2467 ) 

EtJLOPHIA GUINEENSIS. SlERRA LEONE 
EULOPHIA. 

***************** 

Class and Order. 

Gynandria Monandria. 

Generic Character. 

Petala 5, distincta, conformia, adscendentia, patentia. 
LabeUum basi calcaratum ; lamina sessili cristata triloba, 
postice indivisa. Massce poUinis 2, bilobae lobulo postico. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

EtioPHiA guineensis ; foliis elliptico-lanceolatis, labelli 
lobis lateralibus convolutis cum columna connatis, 
lamina striata, calcare adscendente. 

Eulophia guineensis ; foliis lanceolaths : labelli calcare 
subulato adscendente laminam subaequante; laminae 
lobis lateralibus cum columna in faucem lineate-cris- 
tatam convolutis : terminali grandiore ovato-rotundato 
converse explanato, disco erugato. Bat. Reg. 686. 

Eulophia guineensis. Lodd. Cab. n. 818. 

Eulophia is a genus belonging to the natural order of 
Orchidece, framed by Mr. Robert Brown " from se- 
veral south African species hitherto referred to Li- 
modorum and Cymbidium, viz. Limodorum barbatum, 
triste, longicorne, and perhaps Mans of Thunberg 
(not however Satyrium hians of Linnaeus which seems 
to be a Disa), Cymbidium pedicellatum and aculeatum; 
together with several Indian species, referred by 
Swartz and Willdenow to Limodorum, especially L. 
virens, carinatum, and perhaps epidendroides. This 
genus is related to Dipodium (vide Prodr. Nov. Hott. 
V 330. and to Lissochilus." Brown, in Bot. Reg. 
n. 573. 

Descr. 



Descr. Leaves elliptically lanceolate,, in our specimens 
two, streaked, growing from the crown of the bulb. Scape 
lateral, three feet long, erect, rounded. Bractes alternate, 
distant, ovate-lanceolate, streaked, lower ones sheathing 
the stem for half their length, upper ones sessile, half the 
length of the peduncle. Peduncles alternate, erect, two 
inches long. Germen scarcely distinguishable from the 
peduncle, which only appears a little enlarged at the base 
of the flower. Petals 5, all erect, lanceolate, subequal, 
green, tinged with lurid on the outside. Labellum 3-lobed: 
middle lobe elongated, very obtuse, undulated, stained with 
crimson at the base, in slightly raised ridges, lateral lobes 
crenulate, rolled inwards, and connected with the column 
at its base. Spur subulate, ascending, half the length ot 
the lamina. Column keeled at the back, and somewhat 
concave in front, terminated with a double hollow, contain- 
ing two globular pollen masses, covered by a lid-shaped, 
obtusely three-toothed anther. 

The name of Eulophia was given by Mr. Brown front 
the notable crest towards the base of the labellum in the 
other species, but which is not remarkable in this. 

This beautiful plant of the family of the OrcHdee isj 
native of the west coast of Africa, and was communicated 
to us by Messrs. Loddigfs and Sons, who, as we are in- 
formed in their Rntaurkml Cabinet, received a parcel of them 
in the autumn of 1822, procured by Mr. Walter Hawkins 
from the islands of Loss, on the west coast of Africa, 
between the ninth and tenth degree of north latitude 
Requires to be kept in the stove. Flowered in Septem- 
ber, and continued in flower till November. 



The upper outline figure represents the apex of the column with the m 
removed, showing the globular pollen masses ; the lower one, the shape 
of the lid. 




*^>b)-r.b»-tUW*bm>rBi.T£ ar da.l3Z i . 



( 2468 ) 

Antennaria triplinervis. Nepal Ever- 
lasting. 

****************** 

Class and Order. 

Syngenesia Polygamia Necessaria. Br. 

Generic Character. 

Involucrum (Calyx Lin.) imbricatum, scariosum, colo- 
ratum. Receptaculum epaleatum, scrobiculatum. Flosculi 
dioici. 

Masculi Antheris basi bisetis : stigmatibus truncatis : 
Pappo vel penicillato vel apice incrassato. Feminei fili- 
formes, Umbo parvo : staminum rudimentis nullis : Pappo 
capillar!. Brown in Lin. Soc. Trans. 12. p. 122. 

Specific Character. 

Antennaria triplinervis; herbacea, erecta, foliis oblongo- 
ovatis triplinerviis subtus tomentoso-incanis, corymbis 
compositis laxis foliosis, squamis calycinis interioribus 
tenuissimis radiantibus. 

Uescr. Stem branched : branches rounded, woolly, 
white. Leaves alternate, half-stem -embracing, oblong, 

. ; quite entire, triply-nerved (or with three nerves 
uniting above the base), white-torn en tose underneath, 
green but slightly woolly above. Flowers in a terminal 
c ° m pound lax corymb, with a small leaf-like bracte at 
he base of each pedicel. Involucrum or Calyx imbricate: 
scales many, the interior ones elongated very narrow, 
acute, and forming a white ray. Florets yellow, minute, 
j n our plant chiefly or altogether female. Pappus capil- 

& TK ^ ece P tacle naked, punctate. 

1 he genus Antennaria, of which this is an unpublished 

^Pecies, was framed by Brown, from Gnaphalium dioicum, 

PjMwm, plantagineum, and margaritaceum of LiNNiEus, 

j. cap paticum of Wahlenberg, excluding G. Leontopo- 

lUTn an d leontopdioides, which Gartner included in his 

genus 



genus Antennaria,, a name given by him from the form of 
the pappus, which in the male plants somewhat resembles 
the antennae of insects. To the above species Antennaria 
contorta has been since added in the Botanical Register. 

Antennaria triplinervis is a rather handsome herbaceous 
perennial, approaching A. margaritacea, and like it a 
good everlasting. Native of Nepal; and probably may 
"be sufficiently hardy to bear our winters when not parti- 
cularly severe, with little or no protection. Flowers in 
September and October. Communicated by Mr. Brookes 
from his nursery at Ball's Pond. 







3J U/fc« i r.?&. ! »>»A, If***- Ui» 



( 2469 ) 

lonicera punicea. crimson - flowered 
Honey-suckle. 

******************* 

Class and Order. 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. 1-petala, irregularis. Bacca polyspermia, bilocu- 
laris, infera. 

Specific Character. 

Lonicera punicea; foliis cordato-ovatis concoloribus, baccis 
distinctis, pedunculis axillaribus subterminalibus bi- 
floris folio brevioribus. 



Descr. A low shrub, with scattered branches covered 
with a reddish-brown smooth bark. The leaves ovate and 
cordate-ovate, bright green on both sides, opposite on the 
flowering branches, but on the young vigorous shoots in 
our plant, ternate, a circumstance so singular in this genus, 
that we can hardly help considering it as a monstrosity. 
Peduncles two-flowered, solitary, growing from the axils 
of the upper leaves, than which they are shorter. Germens 
distinct, inferior, with two obtuse bractes at the base of 
«*ch : Calyx minute, five-toothed, persistent, and increas- 
ing after the flower falls. Tube of corolla a little gibbous 
at the base, limb five-cleft: lacinice nearly equal, irregu- 
larly arranged, three looking one way, two another. Ripe 
berries not seen. It belongs to Jussieu's genus Xylos- 
teum, and to his natural order of Caprifolia. 

This pretty little shrub was communicated by Mr. 
Brookes, of Ball's Pond, Islington, in flower, in the month 
of April, 1822. Mr. Brookes received it from Mons. Par- 
rentier of Brussels, under the name of Lonicera cana- 
densis. But the plant recorded by that name, by Schultes, 

m 



in the new Systema Vegetabilium, from the late Professor 
Willdenow's manuscripts, appears to be different, and is 
probably the Xylosteum ciliatum of Pursh. 

The detached sprig in our figure represents the end of 
a young shoot with ternate leaves. 










/* 



( 2470 ) 

CORIARIA SARMENTOSA. NeW-ZeALAND 
CORIARIA. 

Class and Order. 
Dicecia (potius moncecia) Decandria. 

Generic Character. 

Masc. Cal. 5-partitus. Cor. 0. Glandulce 5. Anther a 
bipartite. 

Fem. Cal. 5-partitus. Cor. 0. Glandulce 5, germinibus 
interpositas. Styli 5. Caps, 5, monospermy glandulis 
ampliatis obtectae. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Coriaria sarmentosa ; procumbens, diffusa, foliis cordato- 
ovatis acuminatis integerrimis quinquenerviis sub- 
petiolatis, racemis axillaribus elongatis nutantibus. 
Forst. Prodr. n. 377. Willd. Spec. PI. 4. p. 818. 



Descr. A diffuse shrub-like herbaceous plant. Stems 
square, with obtuse angles, somewhat twisted, smooth. 
Leaves opposite, quite entire, cordate-ovate, acuminate, 
five-nerved, on very short footstalks, or more frequently 
sessile, and even half-stem-embracing, very smooth, net- 
veined. Racemes axillary, elongated, sometimes exceed- 
wg six inches. Male flowers numerous, on short patent 
pedicles, with a subulate bracte at the base of each. Calyx 
five-cleft : segments rounded. Petals none. Glands ? 5. 
alternate with the segments of the calyx. Filaments fili- 
form : Anthers purple, abounding with pollen. 

Female flowers on similar racemes. Calyx and glands 
the same. Petals none. Stamens ten, effete. Germens 
five; Stigmas five, spreading, purple. Capsules five, small, 
coherent, one-seeded, covered by the persistent calyx and 
glands. 

Later 



Later in the season, the male flowers bore lengthened 
stigmas of a green colour, but no fertile germens. The 
glands or scales increase after deflorescence, and become 
succulent with purple juice ; and as this takes place even 
in the male flowers, it appears, at first sight, as if these 
also produced seeds. 

This very rare plant, native of New Zealand, perhaps 
never before seen in Europe, was communicated by Messrs. 
Whitley, Milne, and Co. of the Fulham Nursery, who 
received it from Commissioner Biggs. It has stood the 
present winter in the open ground, and in that situation 
is altogether an herbaceous plant. In the greenhouse it 
is in some degree shrubby, but deciduous. Flowers in 
September and October. 






( 2471 ) 

Cyrtanthus pallidus. Pale flowered 
Cyrtanthus. 

************** **** 

Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. supera, tubulosa, clavata, sexfida ; laciniae ovato- 
oblongae. Filamenta tubo inserta, apice conniventia. 
Monella. Herbert's Appendix, p. 29. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Cyrtanthus pallidus ; foliis lineari-lanceolatis carinatis 
hysterantheis, corollis nutantibus infundibuliformibus, 
Umbo tubum subaequante. 

Amaryllis bivaginata. Bonn Cantab, ed. 8. p. 98. 



This appears to us to be an undescribed species of Cyr- 
tanthus. It comes nearest to C. ventricosus (angustifolius 
of Jacquin) from which it differs in the paler colour of its 
flowers, in the regular diminution of size of the corolla 
from the limb to the base, without any sensible inflation 
°f the middle of the tube, and especially in the nearly 
equal proportion of the limb to the tube including the 
raux, which latter character, as well as the absence of 
glaucescence in the leaves and scape, distinguishes it from 
collinus. From Cyrtanthus spiralis it differs totally in the 
form and colour of the leaves. 

Mr. Herbert, in his valuable Appendix, in which he has 
^splayed such an accurate knowledge of the family of 
Liliacece, has applied the name of Monella to this genus, 
reserving that of Cyrtanthus for the solitary species here- 
tofore called C. obliquus. But allowing that obliquus is 

properly 



properly separated from the genus, we prefer retaining the 
name of Cyrtanthus for the more numerous assemblage. 

Native of the Cape of Good Hope, from whence it was 
sent in 1822, by Mr. Villet, a gentleman in correspon- 
dence with the Horticultural Society. It flowered at their 
magnificent establishment at Chiswick, in January 1823, 
but the leaves did not appear till sometime after the 
flower was quite decayed. Requires the protection of the 
greenhouse. 



( 2472 ) 
Artemisia biennis. Biennial Wormwood. 

******************* *** 

Class and Order. 
Syngenesia Polygamia superflua. 

Generic Character. 

Recept. subvillosum vel nudiusculiim. Pappus o. Calyx 
imbricatus, squamis rotundatis conniventibus. Cor. 
radii o. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Artemisia biennis; foliis glabris, radicalibus triplicato- 
pinnatis; caulinis inferioribus pinnatifidis, superio- 
ribus indivisis linearibus, caule stricto, floribus subro- 
tundis subsessilibus erectis. Willd. Sp. PL 3. p. 1842. 
Pursh. 2. p. 522. 

Artemisia hispanica; foliis pinnatis utrinque glabris, pinnis 
pinnatifidis, pinnulis incisis, floribus subgemellis ax- 
illaribus erectis. Jacq. Ic. rar. 1. t. 172. Collect. 1. 
p. 98. 

Artemisia annua var. fi, Zelandica, biennis, racemis foliis 
brevioribus. Lam. Encycl. 1. p. 266. n. 25? 



Though a plant of no beauty, this species of Wormwood 
cannot fail to excite some curiosity, the seeds of it, as we 
are informed by Mr. Sabine, secretary to the Horticultural 
Society, having been collected by Dr. Richardson, on his 
joumey to the Coppermine river, during the fatal expe- 
dition under Captain Franklin, and presented by him to 
the society. As no botanist had ever before explored 
those inhospitable regions, we had naturally supposed 
rt would turn out to be an undescribed species, and in- 
tended giving it the specific name of Richardsoni; but 
D y the assistance of Mr. David Don, we have had the 
°PPortunity of comparing it with a specimen of biennis 

from 



from the Missouri, preserved in Mr. Lambert's extensive 
herbarium, with which it appears perfectly to agree; nor 
do we see occasion to dissent from its being the same 
species as figured by J acq u in in his Icones, under the 
name of hispanica, a name adopted by him only, because 
he raised it from seeds received under that designation, 
without knowing from what country it came. If it be 
likewise the same species as that, which we are informed, 
by Lamarck, was found by Captain Cooke in New Zealand, 
but of which we have not been able to discover any ac- 
count in either of his voyages, this plant has a more ex- 
tensive geographical range than is very frequently met 
with. Native of North America. A hardy biennial, raised 
in the garden belonging to the Horticultural Society, 
where our drawing was made in October 1823. 




*Alyi. EwrW TtlmilUbnX US S*. 



( 2473 ) 

ECHITES NUTANS. NODDING SAVANNAH 

Flower. 

3|H|HJC Vf» */j0 V|C* "/^ , ^F" "/JC" '/j\' VJ? VJ\* vfj 'if? yf? >jy v|> *4& 

C/«ss awrf Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Contorta, Folliculi 2, longi, recti (aut apice conniventes). 
Sem. extremitate superiori comosa. Cor. hypocrateri- 
formis : faux nuda (aut villosa.) Anther & medio cum stig- 
mate cohaerentes. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Echites nutans ; volubilis, foliis ovatis acuminatis reticu- 
lato-venosis subtus villosis, pedunculis paniculatis 
nutantibus, corollae laciniis obtusis crispatis. 

Echites nutans. Anderson Cat. in Trans. Soc. of Arts, 
v. 25. p. 203. 



This plant was sent from the botanic garden at St. 
Vincents to that of the Horticultural Society at Chiswick, 
by Mr. George Caley, late superintendant of the former 
establishment. The red colour of the veins diappears in 
the older leaves, which then become more clothed with a 
very soft pubescence. There is a species of Echites de- 
scribed and figured in Tusac's Flore des Antilles, by the 
name of sanguinolenta (Bloody Savanna-flower of the 
inhabitants of Jamaica), which has similar red veins, but 
the shape of the corolla is totally different, the laciniae 
being terminated with a filiform point. 

Mr, Caley informs us, that the garden at St. Vincents 
jas in some places overrun with this plant, but that it 
flowered in one spot only ; he observes, also, that there 
was a variety of it in the garden with white or silvery veins 

instead 



instead of red, so that this character is by no means con- 
stant. 

Native of the West Indies. Requires to be kept in 
the stove. Our drawing was taken at the Horticultural 
Society's garden, in September 1823. 



Xim. 




f»i.hy.S. C&iv TT»hro rffc lT*r3i.22A24 



( 2474 ) 

Sedum sempervivoides. Houseleek-like 

Sedum. 

******************** 

Class and Order. 
Decandria Pentagynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-fidus. Cor. 5-petala. Squama neclariferce 5, ad 
basin germinis. Caps. 5. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Sedum sempervivoides; planifolium, foliis spathulato-ova- 
tis acutis integerrimis pubescentibus, corymbo hemi- 
sphaerico. Fl. taurico-caucas. 3. p. 313. 

Sedum sempervivoides. Fischer in Herb. Gorenk. 



This species has entirely the habit of a Sempervivum, 
but in the number of stamens and capsules agrees with 
Sedum. Modern botanists, who pay less regard to number, 
way choose to consider it to belong to the former genus 
rather than to the latter ; but as we have hitherto adhered 
to the Linnean systematic arrangement, we, without hesi- 
tation, continue it under Sedum. 

The stem is about a span high, thickly covered with 
alternate, ovate, concave, acute, fleshy, purplish leaves, 
covered, as is the whole plant, with a close short pubes- 
cence. The Rosula are green, only tinged slightly with 
Purple. Flowers in a compound, panicled corymb, of a 
Purplish deep red colour. Stamens somewhat shorter than 
the corolla. 

A hardy succulent, we believe never before figured. 
Native of Iberia, a country to the south of Mount Cau- 
casus. Communicated by Mr. Anderson from the Chelsea 
garden, where it was introduced by Dr. Fischer, superin- 
uitendant of the Royal Botanic garden at Petersburgh. 
*" towers in June, July, and August. 







rf*l?-'&*» *,■***-****<' tr--ajJ.aM 






( 2475 ) 

HlPPEASTRUM SUBBARBATUM. SLIGHTLY- 
BEARDED KnIGHTS-STAR-LILY. 

**************** 

Class and Order. 

Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — Vide supra No. 2273. 

Corrigendum. Semina uno ordine conserta, integumento 
exteriore nigro margiue saepissime foliaceo cavo, interiore 
separabili, albumini conformi. 

Specific Character. 

Hippeastrum subbarbatum, foliis 2£ uncias latis, nitidis, 
viridibus, corolla magnii miniata stella viridi-lutea, 
laciniis exteris multum latioribus, tubo cernuo macu- 
lato fauce rarissime subbarbata, stigmate trifido, semi- 
nibus planis margine foliaceo cavo. U.fulgido affine, 
tubo cernuo, laciniis obtusioribus, stella latiore, ima 
lacinia non ventricose et fenestrate curvata, setisque 
minutis in fauce tubi distinguendum. W. H. 

This beautiful plant, from Rio Janeiro, occupies an 
intermediate place between H. fulgidum and equestre var. 
major, to which last it approximates in the colour and form 
of the limb, the shape of the star, and the vestige of a 
beard, which is just distinguishable at the mouth of the 
tube. With great doubt, however, we separate it from 
fulgidum, but it cannot be joined with that species without 
also including H. rutilum, crocatum and pulverulentum 
which approach nearer to fulgidum in flower ; and we feel 
a difficulty in making that union, because the differences 
between them in the wild state continue when they are 
propagated by seed in cultivation : at the same time we 
are embarrassed and expect to be more so by the discovery 
of other species or varieties in a wild state connecting the 
links throughout the genus more closely. It will, per- 
haps, be found expedient to unite H. fulgidum, subbar- 
batum, rutilum, crocatum, and pulverulentum, as perma- 
nent varieties of one species, which may be named 
proliferum, distinguished by the production of blind off- 
sets, by glossy foliage, a deeply trifid stigma, limb five 

times 



times the length of the tube, and mouth of the tube 
smooth or nearly so. The throat of fulgidum, crocatum 
and pulverulentum appears to be always smooth ; that of 
rutilum, which is distinguishable from fulgidum only by 
lesser size and a shade of colour, has mostly a little excres- 
cence at the foot of the upper petal. We have another 
bulb from Rio, which in bulb, foliage, and habit, ap- 
proaches to fulgidum, with a very pale flower, formed like 
that of crocatum, having one or two points distinguishable 
on each side of the throat, but more faintly than in sub- 
barbatum, to which it approximates in no other respect. 
In fulgidum, the filaments are seen through an aperture 
formed by a ventricose curve of the lower petal, which in 
subbarbatum is straight. 

We have amended the generic character of Hippeastrum 
so as to admit reticulatum and striatifolium, abandoning 
the genus Coburgia, which was only separated by the 
difference of rounder seed without a hollow fbliaceous 
margin, concerning which separation doubts were ex- 
pressed in our Appendix. It appears that they breed 
indiscriminately with any species of Hippeastrum, and the 
pollen of the mules so obtained is fertile ; and, on further 
examination, it seems that there is no fundamental differ- 
ence in the structure of the seed, but that the hollow 
margin, which remains unfilled by albumen in the species 
which have seeds more numerous and flattened, is com- 
pletely filled in those which produce few and larger seeds. 
A similar habit was observed in the seed of a Brazilian 
Bignonia, now growing in the Spofforth collection, which 
was almost square and not winged, the hollow margin 
of both lobes of the seed being filled up by the thick 
kernel. Imported varieties of H. striatifolium give reason 
to believe that it is one species with reticulatum. There 
are at present thirty-five different hybrid crosses in the 
genus Hippeastrum, at Spofforth, and four or five more in 
other collections ; but every attempt to obtain a mule by 
the pollen of any other genus applied to Hippeastrum ha* 
failed. The pollen of all these mules appears to be fertile, 
and three have produced seedlings by their own pollen, 
viz. regina -vittatum, fulgido-rutilum, and rutilo- regime- 
vittatum. It is singular that Hippeastra appear to he 
more easily fertilized by the pollen of another species, or 
©f a mule, than by their own : for instance, one flower oi 
subbarbatum bore seed by rutilo-vittatum, and one oi 
rutilo -vittatum by subbarbatum, and the other flowers on 
both plants touched with their own pollen were sterile- 
Similar results have been frequently observed in « 1,s 
gemis. fV. H. 




AAi).J!W«,.T J J w „&,. A^.ZUU 



tJ* 



( 2476 ) 

DORSTENIA ARIFOLIA. ARUM-LEAVED DoR- 

STENIA. 

******************** 

Class and Order. 

Tetrandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Receptaculum commune monophyllum, carnosum, dila- 
latum, patens, orbiculare aut augulatum, in quo semina 
solitaria nidulantur. Stam. 1—5. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Dorstenia arifolia ; foliiscordato-sagittatisundulatim-cre- 
natis demum lobatis, receptaculis suborbiculatis. 

Uorstenia arifolia; scapis radicatis, foliis cordato-sagit- 
tatis undulatis subdentatis maximis, receptaculis ova- 
libus. Lam. Encycl. 2. p. 317 .—lllustr. t. 83. / 2. 
Willd. Sp. PL l. p . 682. Pers. Syn. 2. p. 557. 

Uorstenia arifolia. Hooker Exotic. Bot. v. I. t. 6. 

Dorstenia arifolia was first discovered by M. Dombey, 

Rowing in shady places in Brazil, and described and 

gured by Lamarck ; with his description and figure, both 

fcken from dried specimens, our plant so nearly agrees, 

l »at we apprehend it must belong to the same species. 

J*J Ma *ck describes the leaves without the footstalks, as 

oeing ten inches long and three and a half wide, and the 

e <jeptacles as ova h which in our plant are nearly orbi- 

u1 ^ or approaching to square with very rounded angles. 

At the time our plant was in flower the leaves were entire 

^ 1T * the drawing, but afterwards it produced some that 

sta[ e ? ivided mto lo k e s a » m Mr. Hooker's figure, in which 

r te >ts aspect is so different from our representation that 

e y might easily be mistaken for two distinct species; but 

a re informed, in the Exotic Flora, that according to 

Mr. Shepherd, 



J 



Mr. Shepherd, the early leaves were cordate-sagittate and 

Suite entire, so that however different the drawings seem, 
lere can be no doubt but that they belong to the same 
species. M. Lamarck makes the plant with divided leaves 
a variety of the other. 

We had no opportunity of examining the flower our- 
selves, but, according to Mr. Hooker, the male and female 
are mixed indeterminately, and the male are composed of 
two stamens without either calyx or corolla. 

The genus belongs to the natural order of Urticea, and 
some of the species, if not all, are monoecious ; Persook 
has accordingly arranged the genus in the twenty-first class 
of the Linnean System instead of the fourth. 

Our drawing was made at the splendid establishment 
belonging to the Horticultural Society at Chiswick, in 
September 1823, at which time it flowered in the stove. 



Nmu 



**, IT.* - J 



( 2477 ) 
Vernonia flexuosa. Zig-zag Vernonia. 

Class and Order. 
Syngenesia Polygamia jequmas. 

Generic Character. 

Recept. nudum. Cal. ovatus, imbricatus. Pappus du- 
plex : exterior paleaceus, brevis ; interior capillaris. 

Specific Character. 

Vernonia Jlexuosa; caule stricto superne dichotomo : ramis 
flexuosis, floribus ad dichotomias et flexuras ramu- 
loruin sessilibus. 



Descr. Radical leaves on short, flat footstalks, ovate, 
quite entire, fleshy, rigid, covered above with closely ad- 
pressed hairs, and somewhat woolly underneath. Cauline 
leaves lanceolate, margin quite entire and scabrous, nar- 
rowed towards the base, remote ; upper ones smaller*. Stem 
upright, straight, hairy, a foot and half high, dichotomously 
branched towards the top: branches spreading, zig-zag. 
Flowers in round heads, bright purple, sessile at the divi- 
sions and at the flexures of the branches, with a leaf-like 
bracte at the base of each. Calyx ovate, imbricate, hairy: 
leaflets mucronate. Receptacle indented. Limb of corolla 
nve-cleft : segments linear. Anthers purple : pollen white. 
%fe exserted; stigma bifid. Pappus double, outer one 
shortest, rather bristly than chaffy. Seed angular, pubes- 
cent. 

This handsome species of Vernonia, appears to us not 
to have been heretofore described ; but has a near affinity 
w ith sericea and remota. It was raised from seed sent to 

us 



us by Mr. Frederick Sello, from Brazil, in the garden of 
John Walker, Esq. of Arno's Grove, and flowered in 
September. Is probably annual or biennial. Requires to 
be raised in a stove or hot-bed. 



( 2478 ) 

Angelonia salicari^folia. Violet-flow- 
ered Angelonia. 

i& ."fr. A jIl afc ■ < t > . afc tV. .^i i^ t i^- jfc -S t'- -Sfc iS^ v ."fri ■St'- &• -fr &.&.&. 

C7«ss awd Order. 

DlDYNAMIA ANGIOSPERMTA. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. 5-partitus, aequalis. Cor. tubo brevissimo; fund© 
eoncavo ; limbo bilabiate, patentissimo ; labio superiors 
bifido; inferiore majore, saccato-excavato, trifido; laciniis 
subasqualibus. Anthera loculis divergentibus. Stigma 
simplex. Caps, bilocularis, septicido ? — bivalvis ; valvis 
apice bifidis ; placenta centrali demum libera ? 

Herba oppositifolia facie Celsia. Fhres axillares, spicati. 
Corolla violacece. Kunth. 

Specific Name and Synonyms. 

Angelonia salicariaefolia. Humb. et Bonpl. PL aq. 2. p. 92. 

t. 108. Kunth Syn. PL aiquin. 2. p. 132. Bot. Reg. 

n. 415. 
Angelon incolarum. 



Descr. Root annual. Stem upright, square, simple. 
Leaves opposite, sessile, ovate-lanceolate, slightly serrate, 
soft-pubescent on both sides. Flowers in a long, terminal, 
raceme. Bractes like the leaves, but smaller and more 
pointed. Peduncles axillary, solitary, opposite, pubescent, 
cernuous. Calyx persistent, five-cleft ; segments acute, 
connivent after the corolla drops. Corolla bilabiate, seg- 
ments of upper lip four, suborbiculate, nearly equal, two 
l «pper ones slightly acuminate : lower-lip elongated, con- 
cave at the base, with an emarginate tongue-shaped ap- 
pendix at the lower margin of the cavity, and two small 
tubercles at the upper. Faux open, cup-shaped, spotted. 

Stamens 



Stamens 4, didynamous. Anthers two-celled : cells diva- 
ricate, distinct. Germen conical, two-celled. Style erecl: 
Stigma simple. 

For this very shewy annual, we are indebted to Messrs. 
Whitley, Brame and Milne, in whose stove, at Fulham, 
it flowered in September ; but it appears that its natural 
season is the spring. 

Native of South America ; growing on the dry hills in 
the neighbourhood of Caracas. It belongs to the natural 
order of Scrophularinte, and approaches the genus Alansoa, 
Hemimeris of Willdenow (supra n. 210, et 421. Celsu) 



( 2479 ) 
Coix Lachryma. Job's Tears. 

******************* 

Class and Order. 

MoN(ECIA TRIANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Misc. in spicis remotis. Cal. Gluma 2-flora, mutica. 
^or. gluma mutica. 

Fem. Cal. Gluma biflora. Cor. Gluma mutica. Stylus 
ipartitus. Semen calyce ossificate tectum. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

'oix Lachryma; culmo superne semitereti obtuso^ flori- 

bus nudiSj fructibus ovatis. Willd. Sp. PL 4. p. 202. 

Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 5. p. 236. Persoon Syn. 2. p. 533. 

Lour. Cochin, p. 551. 
'oix Lachryma; spiculis axillaribus pluribus pedunculatis. 

Lam Encycl. 2. p. 422.— III. t. 750. 
'Oix Lachryma Jobi; seminibus ovatis. Hort. Cliff. 437. 

Sp. PL 1378. 
jithagrostis Lachryma Jobi. Gairtn. fruct. 1. p. 7. t.l. 

'Ithospermum aruudinaceum. Bauh. Pin. 213. 

'Achryma Jobi. Clus. Hisp. t. 501. fig. bona. Clus. Hist. 

2. p. 216. Dod. Pempt. 506. Lob. ic. te.—Advers. 

P- 16. fig. mala. Tournef. t. 306. Rumph. Amb. 5. 

P- 193. Ger. em. p. 88. Park. Herb. 430. 
'Ithospermum arundinaceum. Moris. Hist. 3. p. 249. et 
esamum arundinaceum semine nudo subcaeruleo. Ibid. 

sect. 8. t\3. 
Milium arundinaceum, multis Lachryma Jobi. Raj. Hist. 
, 2 - P- 1252. Bauh. Hist. 2. p. 449. 
atwconda. Hort. Malab. 12. p. 133. t. 70. 



This very remarkable plant has been known in our 
Ur «ens from the time of Gerard ; but being a tender 

annual, 



annual, rarely perfecting its seeds with us, is not very 
common. Its seeds, however, are often imported from 
the warmer parts of Europe, and from the East Indies. 
These are contained singly in a stony involucre or calyx, 
which incloses the female flower, and never opens till com- 
mitted to the earth ; the style, however, is exserted, and 
a pedicle supporting the spike of male flowers issues with 
it from the bottom of the involucre. This stony calyx, 
which, when ripe, is very like a drop of white porcelain, 
with a bluish tinge, is generally supposed to be the seed 
itself. Its shape, round at bottom and pointed at top 
like a drop of liquid, readily suggested a name for the 
plant. 

It is said to be cultivated as an esculent, and that a 
coarse bread is made of the seed ; but the principal use to 
which it is put is to make necklaces or rosaries, which gives 
occasion to old Parkinson to make a rude remark in his 
usual quaint language. It is said to grow spontaneously 
in Candia, Rhodes, and in Syria, as well as in the East 
Indies. With us it must be treated as a tender annual, and 
raised in the spring in a hot-bed, to afford any chance of 
its producing perfect seeds. 

Communicated by John Walker, Esq. of Arno's Grove, 
in May last, at which time the involucre was changed from 
a green to a brightish purple. 



/ V v 




( 2480 ) 

Entelea arborescens. New Zealand 
Entelea. 

****************** 

Class and Order. 

POLYANDRIA MoNOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 4 — 5-phyllus. Petala 4. Stamina indefinite, uni- 
formia, antheris subrotundis, incumbentibus. Stigma den- 
ticulatum. Capsula sphaeroidea, echinata, sexlocularis, 
semisexvalvis, polysperma. 

Arbor (parva, ligno levissimo spongioso. SolanderJ 
pube stellari (in pagina superiore folii adulli parciore et 
subsimplicij tomentosa. Folia cor data, angulata, dupli- 
cato-crenata, b-nervia, stipulis persistentibus, parvis, foli- 
aceis. Umbellae simplices, terminates, pedunculate, invo- 
Jucro polyphyllo, brevi, pedicellis ebracteatis. 

Flores albi, raro b-jidi, calyce deciduo, foliolis aristatis, 
gemma (alabastro) quadricorni, petalis jlaccidis, apice sub- 
laceris, staminibus corolla brevioribus, subtorulosis , om- 
ni bus antheriferis, stylo angulato, stigmate umbilicato, 
nargine denticulato. Capsularum setae longce, rigidce, 
Paca, pubescentes, spinula pellucida acuta recta termi- 
nate. Semina in singulo loculo biseriata, parva, obovata ; 
albumin e carnoso, semini conformi. Embryone recto, albo, 
l °ngitudine fere albuminis : cotyledonibus planis cordatis. 

Ord. nat. Inter Tiliaceas proximum genus Sparr- 
m anni^ quacum habitu, inflorescentia, antheris, stigmate, 
c apsularum figura, earumque setis spinula pellucida ter- 
jnmatis convenit; diversum filamentis omnibus antheriferis 
(wide nomen) vix manifeste torulosis, capsulis basi indi- 
Vls »s, nee longitudinaliter dehiscentibus, loculis poly- 
s Permis, nee oligospermis (secundum Thunberg in Sparr- 
In annia dispermis, cujus tamen ovarii loculi certe poly- 
¥ crm i sunt) calycis foliolis aristatis nee muticis. R. 
11ro ^n, Mss. 



Specific Name. 
tNT EiiA arborescens. R. Brown, Mss. 



Discovered 



Discovered in 1769, near Tigada, Tolaga, Opuragi, 
and Motuaro, in New Zealand, by Sir Joseph Banks 
and Dr. Solander. It grows in its native country into 
a small tree, the wood of which is remarkably lijriit, 
and, for this property, is used by the natives to float 
their fishing nets with. 

Entele a belongs to the natural order of Tiliaceee, and ap- 
proximates the genus Sparrmannia, from which Mr. Brown 
distinguishes it by its want of the sterile filaments (»<< 1 
taria of Linnaeus), all of them in Entelea bearing anthers;! 
by its capsules being undivided to the base, and not as 
in Sparrmannia longitudinally dehiscent into six distinct 
valves ; by the segments of the calyx being awned, and by 
the cells of the capsule containing many seeds, instead of 
only two, as described by Thunberg; but the value of . 
this character is much weakened by Mr. Brown's observa- 
tion, that the ovarium in Sparrmannia has certainly many 
ovula. 

For this very rare plant, which perhaps never flowered 
in Europe before, we are indebted to Messrs. JVhiwjb 
Brame, and Milne, in whose stove, at Fulham^ it bios- j 
somed in May 1823. 



F.Z4SL 







fctl)Kfcn'i »..«>.«. x 



( 2481 ) 
Urtica involucrata. Imbosomed Nettle. 

Class and Order. 

Mon(Ecia Tetrandria. 

Generic Character. 

Masc. Cal. 4-phyllus. Cor. 0. Nectar, centrale, cya- 
thiforme. 
Fem. Cat. 2-valvis. Cor. 0. Sem. 1, nitidum. 

Specific Character. 

Urtica involucrata ; caule ramoso hirsuto, foliis oppositis 
rotundato-ovatis crenatis trinerviis lucidis ad apices 
ramorum congestis, paniculis sessilibus. 

We had no opportunity of seeing this plant ourselves; 
Jut as far as we have been able to discover, it has not been 
hitherto described. 

We are informed by Mr. Sabine that it was brought 
«om the island of St. Vincent's, for the Horticultural So- 
gfy by Mr. James Mac Crae, late under-gardiner at the 
B °tanic Garden there, in 1823. It flowered in the Society's 
st °ve in October, in the same year. 







i 



( 2482 ) 

Serratula simplex. One-flowered Saw- 
wort. 

Class and Order. 
Syngenesia Polygamia jequalis. 

Generic Character. 

Calyx imbricatus squamis inermibus. Receptacnlum 
setosum vel paleaceum. Pappus pilosus, persistans, pilis 
rigidis inaequalibus. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Serratula simplex; foliis pinnatifidis : lobis distantibus 
costam non attingentibus, caule subsimplici unifloro, 
calyce globoso squarroso, seminibus tetragonis ver- 
rucosis. 

Serratula simplex ; foliis radicalibus et superioribus line- 
aribus ; mediis pinnatifidis, lobis remotis costam non 
attingentibus, caule elongato subnudo unifloro, invo- 
lucro tomentoso squarroso. De Cand. in Annales du 
Mus. v. 16. p. 186. Poir. in Encycl. Bot. 6. p. 550. 

Serratula blanda ; calycibus globosis inermibus squar- 
rosis arachnoideo-lanatis, foliis pectinato-pinnatifidis 
supra villosis subtus albo-tomentosis, caule subnudo 
unifloro, seminibus scrobiculatis. Flor.Taur.-Caucas. 
3. p. 549. 

Serratula cyanoides. Gcertn. y Sem. 2. p. 379. t. 162. 
rejectis synonymis. 

c arduus mollis ; foliis pinnatifidis linearibus margine re- 
volutis subtus tomentosis, caule subnudo unifloro, 
calycinis squamis tomentosis ovato-lanceolatis squar- 
rosis. mild. Sp. PI 3. p. 1661. 

J;Arduus mollis Jacq. Austr. 1. p. 14. t. 18. 

^Rsium molle Scop. Camiol. 2. p. 126. n. 1000. 

^arduus mollis laciniato folio. Clus. Pann. 661. t. 662. 
Bauh. Pin. 377. 

l *Rduus mollior primus. Oris. Hist. 2. p. 150. 

Serratula 



Nzm 




f 2483 ) 

OxYTROPIS PILOSA. HAIRY OxYTROPIS. 

***************** 

Class and Order. 

DlADELPHIA DECANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Carina unguiculata. Legumen sutura superiore intro- 
flexa biloculare, aut semibiloculare. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 
Sect. II. Stipulis caulinis seu petiolo non adhaerentibus. 

Oxytropis pilosa; caulescens, erecta, villosa, leguminibus 

erectis teretibus subulatis villosis. Decand. Astrag. 

p. 73. n. 27. Fl. Taur. Cauc. 3. p. 502. 
Astragalus pilosus ; caulescens erectus pilosus, floribus 

spicatis, leguminibus subulatis pilosis. Lin. Sp. PL 

1065. Gmel. Sib. 4. p. 39. t. 16. 
Astragalus pilosus. Willd. Sp. PL 3. p. 1262. Jacq. 

Austr. I. p. 32. t. 51. Pall. Astrag. n. 112. t. 80. 
Astragalus pilosus ; caulescens erectus hirsutus, foliolis 

lanceolatis, stipulis falcatis, spicis pedunculatis folio 

longioribus, carina unguiculata, leguminibus oblongis 

erectis. Flor. Taur. Caucas. 2. p. 185. n. 1462. 
Astragalus villosus erectus spicatus, floribus flavescen- 

tibus. Amm. Ruth. p. 125. n. 166. 
Astragalus caule erecto ramoso, ex alis spicifero, siliquis 

teretibus. Hall. Hist. 1. p. 179. n. 411. — Comment. 

Goett. 1752. p. 340. t. 12. 
Cicer montanum lanuginosum erectum. Bauh. Pin. 347 ? 

Prodr. 148 ? 



This herbaceous perennial is clothed in every part ex- 
cept the corolla with longish, patent, grey hairs. Stem 

upright, 



upright, rounded, but little branched. Stipules lanceo- 
late, somewhat oblique, inserted below the petioles. 
Leaves alternate, pinnate : leaflets about nine pair with an 
odd one, lanceolate, rounded at the base, reflexed. Pe- 
duncles axillary, stout, cylindrical, longer than the leaves. 
Flowers sessile, in an oblong spike, yellowish green. 
Bractes subulate, the length of the five-toothed Calyx : 
teeth subulate, the two lateral ones the longest. Vexillum 
oval, with sides reflexed, emarginate, aim shorter than the 
vexillum. Carina equal to the alee, sharp-pointed, one- 
petaled. Stamens diadelphous f . Germen linear, silky : 
Style ascending, half the length of the germen. 

Native of Austria, Caucasus, and Siberia. Flowers in 
June. Communicated by Mr. William Anderson from the 
Chelsea Garden, where it was introduced by Dr. Fischer, 
late of Gorenki, now of the Royal Botanic Garden, St. 
Petersburgh. 




Mzm 



( 2484 ) 

NlCOTlANA REPANDA. STEM-CLASPING Ha- 

vanna Tobacco. 
******************* 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. tubulosus,, 5-fidus. Cor. infundibuliformis v. hypo- 
crateriformis, limbo 5-fido, plicato. Stigma capitatum. 
Caps, bilocularis apice quadrifariam dehiscens. Brown. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Nicotiana repanda; foliis amplexicaulibus cordatis spa- 
thulatis subrotundis repandis,, corollas tubo gracili 
longissimo, limbi laciniis ovatis acutiusculis. Lehm. 
Hist. Nicot. n. 16. Roem. et Sch. &yst. Veg. 4. p. 320. 

Nicotiana repanda; foliis spathulatis subrotundis repandis 
cordatis amplexicaulibus. Herb. Willd. ex Humb. 
et Bonpl. Mss. R. et S. 4. p. 791. 



A tender annual. Native of the island of Cuba. In- 
troduced into the garden of the Horticultural Society, by 
Mr. George Don, from the Havannah, and said to be the 
P'ant from which the celebrated Cigars of that country 
are prepared. 






I 







( 2485 ) 

Habranthus Versicolor. Changeable 
Habranthus. 

**************** 

Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Spatha integra apice bifido. Scapus 1-2 [pluri?]-florus, 
pedunculatus, cavus. Germen a pedunculo decfinatum, 
oblongo-subturbinatum, subtrigonum, triloculare. Co- 
rolla campanulata. Tubus brevis, carnpanulatus, clausus. 
Lacinice alternae subaequales, exteras marginibus tubo im- 
bricantibus. Stylus (uti filamenta) declinatus assurgenter 
curvatus. Filamenta fasciculata, pariter tubo vix intra 
faucem connexa, quorum quaterna discrepantia, summum 
et mfirnum mediae longitudinis, infimum summo longius, 
lateralia duo superiora longissima, inferiora duo brevis- 
sima. Anthera media parte annexas, incumbentes. Pollen, 
ut in Zephyranthe, Hippeastri et Amaryllidis polline mi- 
nutius. Stigma trilobum. Semina non visa. W. H. 

Specific Character. 

Habranthus versicolor, bulbo oblongo ; foliis viridibus, 
pedalibus vel sesquipedalibus, % unc. latis, recumben- 
tibus ; scapo praecoce 5-unciali ; corolla biunciali, 
ante expansionem rubra, demum albescente, rubro 
versus basin striata; lacinia summa caeteris latiore ; 
inia angustiore ; tubo membrana, dentata clauso ; ge- 
nitalibus albis; stigrnatis lobis J uncialibus; antheris 
et polline luteis. W. H. 



°escr. Bulb oblong, blackish ; leaves three or more, 
green, a quarter of au inch wide, above a foot long ; scape 
about five inches high, appearing before the leaves, at 

first 



first red, fading to a paler and greenish tint ; spathe red, 
one inch and quarter long ; peduncle about one and half 
long., very pale green ; germen green ; corolla two inches 
long, red in the early bud, fading before the expansion to 
white, tinged with pink chiefly towards the tips of the 
outer petals ; the upper exterior petal *| wide, exterior 
laterals \\, interior laterals & lowest interior \l ; a red 
stripe three-quarter long on each side the midrib of each 
petal near the base, the lower part of the midrib greenish; 
membrane closing the tube, bearded, or dentate, and less 
massive than in H. gracilifolius ; stamens and style white ; 
the latter an inch and quarter long ; lobes of the stigma 
one-quarter long, fimbriated ; anthers and pollen golden. 
The bulb was imported from Maldonado, in S. America, 
and flowered at Spofforth in January, the leaves having 
decayed in the summer. It is not less hardy than Habran- 
thus gracilifolius; but the flowering of both species is 
promoted by artificial heat while the bulbs are at rest : on 
close inspection it appears that there is a fourfold diversity 
of the petals, as above stated, in this species, and probably 
the same difference, will, on re-examination, be found to 
exist in H. gracilifolius, though in a less degree: in this di- 
versity of the petals Habranthus agrees with Hippeastrum, 
but the diversity of its filaments follows a different rule. 
Our prediction that " species will, perhaps, be found here- 
after, in which the membrane may be less massive," has 
been quickly verified ; nor should we be surprised at the 
appearance of a species with the tube perfectly smooth. 
We have consequently made a slight alteration in the 
generic character. In the characters of Lycoris and Py- 
rolyrion in the Appendix, we did not notice the membrane 
in Lycoris aurea and Pvrolyrion flammeum, because we 
had not the means of ascertaining whether its conformation 
was similar in all the species of their respective genera, 
which were sufficiently defined by other features. W. H. 



ERRATUM: 

In the generic character of Gastronema supra 2291 ; 
for Tubus iotus brevis, read Tubus intus laevis. 



Mim 




hM&tmtut^mmrth Manila!* 



( 2486 ) 
Dalea mutabilis. Changeable Dalea. 

******************* *** 

Class and Order. 

DlADELPHlA DECANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Alee et Carince columnar staminurri adnatae. Stam. 5-10, 
coimata, absque filamento libero. Legumen monosper- 
mum. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Dalea mutabilis; foliis impari-pinnatis; pinnulis obovatis 
emarginatis glabris punctatis, spicis terminalibus. 
Cav. Ic. 4. n. 485. t. 394. (sub Psoralea). 

Dalea mutabilis; decandra, spicis cylindraceis termina- 
libus, foliis decemjugis obcordatis. Willd. Sp. PI. 3. 
p. 1339. 

Dalea bicolor ; spicis terminalibus elongatis, foliis sub- 
quinquejugis obovatis, caule fruticoso. Willd. Hort. 
Berol. 2. p. 89. t. 89. Enum. p. 787. 



Descr. A slender shrub ; branches smooth. Leaves al- 
ternate, odd-pinnate: leaflets from seven to fifteen, obo- 
y ate, with the point sometimes rounded, more frequently 
emarginate, dotted with transparent glands, which, when 
held to the light, give an appearance as if the leaf were 
perforated, as in the common St. John's Wort. Stipules 
small, subulate, inserted within the footstalk. Peduncles 
terminal, solitary, bearing the flowers in a close spike, 
lengthening as the flowers expand. Bractes ovate, con- 
p*ye, mucronate, persistent. Calyx of one leaf, five-toothed, 
nfUr y, membranaceous, with ten green streaks. Standard 
| v nite, ovate-cordate, with a slender claw, longer than the 
lm » ; icings and keel shorter by half than the standard, 
^mte tipped with purple, colour encreasing with age. 
foments all connected downwards, free above : Anthers 

oval, 



oval, dark purple : pollen orange-coloured. Germen oval, 
hairy : Style longer than the stamens : Stigma acute. 

We have no doubt but that the Dalea bicolor, figured 
in Willdenow's Hortus Berolinensis is the same plant as 
the Psoralea mutabilis of Cavanilles ; we have, therefore, 
retained the specific name of the latter author, this having 
the right of priority. 

Native of Cuba and Mexico. Cultivated with us in the 
stove. Communicated by Mr. Anderson from the Chelsea 
Garden, in October, 1823, where it was introduced by Mr. 
Otto, in 1821. 



a. The vexillum or standard, b. Wings and keel separated from the 
sheath of the stamens with which they are naturally connate, c. Germen 
and style, d. Stamens. 



N.Z46'i 





! ."... W.4AMi 



V 



( 2487 ) 

JUSTICIA GENICULATA. JOINTED STALKED 
JUSTICIA. 

****************** 
Class and Order. 

DlANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-partitus, aequalis, raro 4-partitus. Cor. valde 
irregularis, bilabiata vel ringens, labio inferiore diviso. 
Stam. 2, antherifera. Antherce biloculares, loculis inser- 
tione saepe inasqualibus. Filamenta sterilia nulla, vel 
obsoleta. Germinis loculi dispermi. Dissepimentum ad- 
natuin; semina retinaculis uncinulatis subtensa. Brown. 

Specific Character. 

Justicia geniculata ; paniculis terminalibus laxis cernuis, 
bracteis subulatis, foliis ovato-lanceolatis glabris sub- 
tus pallidis distantibus. 



This species has great affinity with Justicia secunda 
(supra, No. 2060) and lucida (No. 1014); but differs from 
the former in having the upper lip of the corolla quite entire 
and the lower lip terminated with three obtuse rounded 
teeth; from the latter in having fewer and smaller flowers, 
not crowded together, leaves much narrower, more pointed, 
not deeurrent down the footstalk ; and from both in having 
a more lax, cernuous panicle, with a much longer, naked 
peduncle. Introduced into the garden of the Horticultural 
Society from St. Vincent's, by Mr. George Caley, under 
tjje name which we have adopted, given to it by the late 
JJr. Anderson, several years superintendent of the Botanic 
harden in that island. Mr. Caley informs us that it loves 
lo grow in the shade. 

Native 



Native of the West Indies. Requires to be kept in the 
stove. Our drawing was taken at the Society's Garden in 
August, 1823. 



Mzm. 







( 2488 ) 

ClSSUS ANTARCTICA. KANGURU VlNE. 

Class and Order. 

Tetrandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 1-phyllus, 4-partitus. Cor. 4-partita. Bacca 1- 
sperma (rarissime 4 — 5-sperma), calyce cincta. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Cissus antarctica ; foliis ovatis laxe serratis glabriusculis 

subtus glandulosis. Vent. Choix. t. 21. Hort. Kew. 

ed. alt. I. p. 259. 
Cissus antarctica ; foliis ovatis subcordatis remote serratis 

subtus biglandulosis, ramulis ferrugineo -pilosis. Willd. 

Enum. 163. Roem. et Sch. Syst. Veg. 3. p. 308. 
Cissus glandulosa ; foliis ovatis glabris laxe dentato-ser- 

ratis, nervis basi glandulosis, petiolis ramisque pubes- 

centibus, caule fruticoso. Poir. in Encycl. Bot. 

Suppl. 1. p. 105. n. 14. 



This climbing shrub is described and figured by M. Ven- 
tenat, as quoted above; the description is also repeated 
oy Roemer and Schultes in the New SystemaVegetabilium, 
to which we have nothing to add, but to remark that the 
reason our figure does not represent any tendril, is because 
in the branch from which our drawing was taken, the pe- 
duncles all bore flowers, in which case the tendrils are of 
course wanting, these always having their origin in abortive 
Peduncles. 

Native of New South Wales, and known in our gardens 
[>y the name of the Kanguru Vine. Introduced into the 
Kew Garden in 1790, by Sir Joseph Banks. Is a hardy 
greenhouse plant, only requiring to be kept from frost. 
tor nmunicated by our f r j en( i j 0HN Walker, Esq. from his 
collection at Southeate. 



»S' 



$Z4Q9. 




\~.?. Curtis. WrOw PTtiirJi-i* 12.624. . 



( 2489 ) 
Bubon Galbanum. Lovage-leaved Bubon. 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Digynia. 

Generic Character. 
Fructus ovatus, striatus, villosus et glaber. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Bubon Galbanum; foliolis ovato-cuneiformibus acutis ar- 
gute serratis, umbellis paucis, seminibus, glabris, caule 
frutescente glauco. Hort. Kew. ed. I. 1. p. 352. ed. 
alt. 2. p. 146. Willd. Sp. PI. 1. p. 1439. Pers. 
Syn. 1. £.317. 

Bubon Galbanum ; foliolis rhombeis dentatis glabris stria- 
tes, umbellis paucis Sp. PI. 364. Berg. Cap. 77. 
Jacq. Hort. Vind. 3. p. 21. t. 36. 

Selinum Galbanum ; caule frutescente pruinoso glauco, 
foliis triternatis glabris, foliolis ovato-cuneiformibus 
inasqualiter serratis rigidulis, extremis trifidis acutis, 
involucro lineari polyphyllo. Spreng. in Roem. et. 
Sch. Syst. Veg. 6. p. 563. 

Anisum africauum fruticescens, folio anisi galbaniferum. 
Pluk. Aim. 81. t. 12. f. 2. 

Ferula africana galbanifera ; folio et facie Ligustici. 
Herm. Parad. 163. cum tab. 

^REoseunum anisoides. Breyn. Prodr. 2. p. 88. 

Anisum fruticosum africanum galbaniferum. Moris. Hist. 
3. p. 297. 

Professor Schultes, in the new Systema Vegetabilium ; 
"as after Sprengel, referred this plant to the genus Selinum, 
JJia asserts that upon examining the fruit received from the 
ta pe of Good Hope, he finds it to be winged, and exactly 
answering to the fruit of Selinum ; not, as Linnjsus and 
Lamarck have described, striate without winged margins, 

but 



but in a specimen in our own Herbarium, the fruit is 
smooth, ovate-rounded and striate without wings ; the seeds 
when separated quite convex on one side, with two or three 
ribs, and flat on the other. 

Although this plant exudes a milky juice with the fla- 
vour of Galbanum, we should doubt whether that drug is 
obtained from it, unless it be also a native of the north of 
Africa or Asia, as Galbanum was known to the ancients 
many ages before the discovery of the Cape, and we be- 
lieve it has never been imported from thence, but generally 
from Persia, by way of Odessa. 

Bubon Galbanum grows to the height of eight or ten feet, 
and is woody towards the base, being a native of the Cape 
of Good Hope, it requires the protection of the green -house, 
in which situation it is ever green. Flowers in August; 
but rarely produces seed with us. Communicated by our 
late highly valued and now lamented friend John Walker, 
Esq. of Arno's Grove, Southgate, whose loss we shall long 
deplore. 






( 2490 ) 

ElJCROSIA BlCOLOR. PARTICOLORED 
ElJCROSIA. 

Class and Order. 

Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Bulbus tuuicatus ; scapus solidus ; germen pedunculo 
contniuatum, triloculare; ovula biseriatim cumulata, alter- 
nantia, angulo interior! loculi alligata ; calyx nullus ; 
corolla supera, 6-fida; tubus declinatus fauce obliqua, 
antice abbreviatus ; limbi lacinice alternae dispares ; corona 
stam inea, declinata., concavo-rutelli-formis, basi cyliudrica 
erectiore; Jilamenta inferne dilatata et complanata; si- 
nuose recurvata, mox porrecta., demum (ubi pollen 
emittitur) sursum curvata ; superiora duo mediis breviora, 
mferiora duo longiora; superiora duo tubum propius, 
inferiora duo remotiiis., media puncto intermedio membrana 
tenui oblique connexa ; stylus sinuose recurvatus, mox 
(ubi pollen emittitur) deorsum, demum (ubi stigma raa- 
turestit) sursum curvatus; stigma obtusum, dilatatum, 
puberulum ; antherce hinc una parte, bine duabus pendulae ; 
pollinis particular Hippeastri pollinis particulis minutiores, 
^ephyranthis longiores ; capsula ovata, trisulca. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Eucroma bicolor; bulbo globoso; foliis latis, petiolatis, 
viridibus, sub-pedalibus ; scapo glauco, pedali, 
praecoce, inferne crassiore, gradatim minore ; umbella 
4-flora; spatha bipartite bracteata; pedunculis cir- 
citer uncialibus; genuine brevi, rotundate trigono, 
loculis 12-spermis, ovulis oblongis complanatis ; tubo 
brevi, germine crassiore, ex viridi flavescente, media 
parte inflate; limbo sursum curvato lateribus com- 
pressis; laciniis uncialibus, miniatis, viridi et flavo 
striatis, exteris uncatis angustioribus, internis obtusis 

planioribus; 



planioribus; corona mellifera, 1| unciali, limbum 
non expansum prorumpente ex laciniis inferioribus 
ima dimota; coronas parte cylindrical superne quasi 
cornuta ; glandulis sex ad coronae basin extra tubum 
filamentis appositis ; filamentis stylo brevioribus, pal- 
lidissime miniatis; stylo triunciali; antheris viridi- 
cinerascentibus. W. H. 
Eucrosia bicolor. Bot. Reg. 207. 






We have paid the most minute attention to the drawing 
and description of this curious plant, because the only 
figure and account of it published are very inaccurate,, the 
flowers being represented with a funnel-shaped limb and 
otherwise distorted (probably in consequence of having 
been forced out of their natural posture and form by the 
fingers of the curious) and the generic character being, in 
several respects, incorrect and imperfect. Bulbs of this 
species were imported from South America into the Ham- 
mersmith nursery, where one of them flowered in 1817 
They were soon after lost by exposure in a cold frame 
and we believe our specimen from the Spofforth collection 
is the only one that has been since produced in Europe. 
The flower has a singular resemblance to a winged insect, 
hiking the germen for its head. The four flowers are 
placed back to back, nearly at right angles. The petals 
are bent upwards and pressed together sideways, and, if 
pulled apart, close again immediately. No expansion of 
the flower takes place. On the first day the point of the 
cup forces itself out in front between the two lower petals, 
the filaments being bent back and crumpled in the bud. 
The next morning the further protrusion of the cup pushes 
aside one of the lower petals, and the style and filaments, 
bent in the form of an S, are gradually and slowly pro- 
duced without any parting of the other petals, and become 
by degrees straitened. On the following day the anthers 
discover the pollen ; the filaments and petals being then 
curved upwards, and the style curved downwards. About 
twenty-four hours after, the style begins to reascend, and 
two days after the inversion of the anthers, it becomes curved 
upwards like the filaments. Of course the periods stated 
may vary in different temperatures. Our figure represents 
a bud with one petal forced aside, and a flower with the 
style bent downwards. The dissection shews the ultimate 
posture of the style, and, the petals bein«? broken off, it 

1 D gives 



gives a view of the singular shape of the cup, and of the 
glands attached to each filament inside the cup, and seen 
faintly through the web that connects them. The cup is 
filled with honey which exudes from the glands. The 
detached petal generally slides back into its place, when 
the limb and filaments take their final attitude, excluding 
from the sight the lower part of the cup. When effete, 
the style and filaments collapse, the petals continuing 
rigid. 

The leaf of the full-grown bulb, which follows the 
flower, is near a foot long, and too large for the plate. 
The bulbs thrive in the stove in light loam, requiring 
moisture and shade while growing, drought and complete 
rest in autumn and winter. The plant flowered at Spof- 
forth in April. We are, as yet, unacquainted with the 
seeds. The leaves are frequently solitary; probably, 
their number rarely exceeds three. We have inserted in 
the generic character those features which are essential to 
the genus. The compression and upward curve of the 
petals, the glands in the cup, the two-leaved spathe, and 
the bractes, which accompany the secondary peduncles, 
will probably be found throughout the genus ; but their 
absence would not justify the separation of an individual 
species from the genus, and are therefore more safely 
placed in the specific character. This species should have 
been rather called tricolor than bicolor. W. H. 



«• An offset with the leaf. b. The flower with the petals broken off 
•hewing the form of the cup, which is a little horned or hooded on the 
u PP«r side, and the final posture of the style and filaments, c. Particles 
°t the pollen magnified, d. An ovule magnified. 



( 2491 ) 

BOSSLEA LINOPHYLLA. N ARROW-LEAVED 
BoSSIiEA. 

Class and Order. 

DlADELPHIA DECANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Ccd. bilabiatus : labiosuperioremajore semibifido obtuso. 
Stani. omnia connexa. Legumen plano-compressum, pedi- 
cellatum, polyspermum, margine utroque incrassatum. 
Semina strophiolata. Brown, in Hort. Kew. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Bossij:a linophylla ; ramis foliosis compressis, foliis linea- 

Iribus : marginibus recurvis, legumine uniloculars 
Brown Mss. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 4. p. 268. Lodd. 
Cab. 174. 



A pretty little green-house shrub, with delicate flexile 
"ranches, covered towards their extremities with beautiful 
small blossoms of an orange colour, streaked with red, 
and having a green eye. It is a native of the South-west 
coast of New -Holland, where it was first detected by Robert 
"Rown, Esq. Introduced in 1803. Flowers in May and 
June. Communicated by Messrs. Loddiges and Sons, who 
,nf orm us in their Cabinet, that " it is not readily in- 
creased except by seeds. A light loam with a little peat 
m, xed is a proper soil for it. Is not particularly tender, 
ar jd only requires the common green-house protection, 
Wlt " a moderate quantity of water. Planted out in the 
conservatory it grows far more luxuriously, and flowers 
mucn better than when confined in a pot." 



( 2492 ) 

Campanula pulla. Austrian Bell- 
flower. 

********************** 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. campanulata, fundo clauso valvis staminiferis. 
Stigma trifidum. Caps, infera, poris lateralibus dehiscens. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Campanula pulla ; cauliculis unifloris, foliis caulinis ovatis 

crenatis, calycibus cernuis. Sp. PL 231. Willd. 1. p. 

890. Roem. et. Sch. 5. p. 91. Pers. Syn. 1. p. 188. 

Jacq. Obs. 1. p. 30. t. 18.— Austr. 3. t. 285. Scop. 

Carniol. 1. p. 143. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 1. p. 344. 

Lam. Encycl. 1. p. 57. n. 6. iWd. CVzo. 554. 
Campanula alpina latifolia, flore pullo. Bauh. Pin. 93. 

Prodr. 33. 



Campanula pulla is a rare alpine plant, of very consi- 
derable beauty, and likely to be especially prized by the 
admirers of the diminutive productions of the vegetable 
kingdom, such as our predecessor and dear friend, the late 
Mr. William Curtis, used to compare to Cabinet Pictures. 

We have designedly omitted the synonym from Caspar 
Bauhin's Prodromus,, ^.35, generally referred to as variety (3 
°f this species, being convinced in our own mind that it 
Just be totally distinct, not only from its bearing so many 
flowers upon the same stem, but more especially from the 
style being exserted so far beyond the corolla. The last 
circumstance will probably exclude also Lamarck's va- 
r *ty, y . 

A hardy perennial, native of the Austrian Alps. Flow- 
ers in July and August. Communicated by Messrs. Lod- 
J[ges and Sons. Cultivated according to Mr. Aiton, in 
*"9, by John Blacrburne, Esq. 



£2493. 




( 2493 ) 

Centaurea Spinosa. Prickly-branched 
Centaury. 

****************** 

Class and Order. 

Syngenesia Polygamia Frustranea. 

Generic Character. 

Recept. setosum. Pappus simplex. Cor. radii infun- 
ilibuliform.es, longiores, irregulares. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Centaurea spinosa; calycibus ciliatis, foliis radicalibus 
mdivisis pinnatifidisque glabris; caulinis tomentosis 
pinnatifidis, ramis spinosis. WMd. Sp. PL 3. p. 2093. 
Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 5. p. 148. 

Centaurea spinosa; calyce subciliato, ramis spinosis, 
Lin. Sp. PL 1290. Sm. Prodr. FL gracas 2. p. 199. 
PL Grcec. t. 902. ined. 

Jt(ebe spinosa maritima. Bauh. Pin. 273 ? 

h T(EBE spinosa cretica. Moris. Hist. 3. p. 136. Park. 
Theatr. 477. /. 8. 

^anus spinosus. Alpin. Exot. p. \63. cum. tab. 

j acea cretica, aculeata, incana. Tourn. Inst. 445. 



Centaurea spinosa is a rare plant, and, though it was 
jnown to the older Botanists, no figure, we believe, has 
b «en hitherto given of it, except the very indifferent one 
?* Prosper Alpinus, copied by Parkinson; the plate re- 
ared to in Flora Graeca not being as yet published. We 
ij av e quoted Bauhin dubiously, because his synonyms 
nardly belong to this, as far as we can judge from the 
"gure in the Codex caesareus, as copied by Dodoens. 

" is a herbaceous perennial, looking from its rigidity 
Ve fy shrublike, the branches are terminated with a simple 
*P ln e. The scales of the calyx are ciliated, and both 

3 this 



this and the foliage are unarmed. The whole plant is 
covered with a white cottony pubescence, more remark- 
able in native than in cultivated specimens. 

Indigenous in Candia and in several of the Greek 
islands. Requires to be protected from frost. Flowers in 
July and August. Communicated by P. Barker Webb, 
Esq. who gathered the seeds from which it was raised in 
the island of Delos. 



124H. 





( 2494 ) 
Alpinia tubulata. Demerara Alpinia. 

r^ ifc afc jfr. ffr. tSfc i'I'i ifo & Jit A jit A ■'A'i ite A 
CZ«ss awe? Order. 

MoNANDRIA MoNOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Anthera duplex. Filam. extra antheram non elonga- 
tum. Stylus longitudine filamenti, in sulco anthera? recep- 
tus. Stigma obsolete trigonum. Caps, carnosa. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Alpinia tubulata; scapo radicali lateralis bracteis sca- 
riosis corollam tubulosam subaequantibus, labello 
incluso. 

Alpinia tubulata ; foliis alterne bifariis remotissimis ; scapo 
vaginato laterali bracteis communibus divaricatis ari- 
dis acuminatis persistentibus ; corolla tubulosa; labello 
incluso ; anthera sessili. Bot. Reg. 777. 



Mr. David Don, who examined this plant very particu- 
larly, considers it clearly to belong to the genus Alpinia ; 
otherwise from the radical inflorescence and tubular corolla, 
with a nectarium or labcllum so small as not to be at all ex- 
serted,'we should scarcely have conceived it to belong to the 
same genus as Alpinia nutans, and the other species with 
which we are acquainted ; but we had no opportunity of 
examining the structure of the flower; and if we had, we 
should hardly have had confidence enough in our observati- 
ons to have opposed our opinion to that of so good a botanist, 
having had ourselves so little opportunity of studying the 
natural order of Scitaminece. We may remark, however, 
that in Dr. Roxburgh's Flora Indica there is a section of 
the species of Alpinia, all having radical scapes, and that 
[he first botanists do not consider the difference of a cau- 
hne or radical infloresence as sufficient to constitute a 
dl stinction of genus. 

This 



This species appears never to have come under the no- 
tice of Botanists till it was raised at Boy ton, from seeds 
which Mr. Lambert received from Demarara ; Mr. Don, 
however, pointed out to us among Plumier's unpublished 
drawings,, a copy of which is contained in the Lambertian 
library, a figure of a plant having considerable affinity 
with this., but scarcely belonging to the same species. 

The stem and foliage, in our figure, are very much 
reduced in size, the leaves exceeding a foot in length. 



( 2495 ) 

SlDA AURITA. EaRED-STIPULKD SlDA. 

Class and Order. 

MoNADELPHIA PoLYANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. nudus, 5-fidus, saepe angulatus. Stylus apice mul- 
tifidus. Carpella capsularia (Capsular) 5-30 circa axim 
verticillata, plus minusve inter se coalita, 1-locularia, 
mono-aut oligo-sperma, apice mutica aut aristata. De 
Cand. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Sida aurita; foliis subrotundo-cordatis acuminatis crenato- 
dentatis subtus incanis, paniculis terminalibus laxis, 
stipulis ovatis basi auritis. 

Sida aurita; (Wallich) Herba tomentosa superne pilis 
patulis, foliis acuminatis dentatis subtus incanis, pe- 
dunculis petiolo longioribus, petalis reflexis, capsulis 
muticis. Link Enum. Hort. Berol. 2. p. 206. 

Sida aurita; foliis sinu angusto profunde cordatis acumi- 
natis serrulatis superne pilosis subtus canis, stipulis 
latis cordato -auritis acuminatis, floribus paniculato- 
corymbosis, staminum tubo villosissimo, carpellis 
quinque hirsutis. De Cand. Prodr. 1. p. 468. n. 117. 



Descr. Stem shrubby? villous. Leaves orbicular-cor- 
date, acuminate, crenate-dentate, white-tomentose under- 
neath, green, and velvety above, on petioles nearly the 
length of the leaf, hairy, inserted somewhat within the 
Margin. Stipules ovate, acuminate, eared at the base, 
sides reflexed. Flowers in a terminal lax panicle, of an 
orange-huff colour, streaked. Calyx of five, ovate, acute 
Se gments, villous. Petals five, ovate, acuminate, reflexed. 
Stamens shorter than the corolla, sheath very hairy. An- 
thers kidney-shaped : Pollen globular, united in chains. 



Style 5— 10-cleft, longer than stamens, purple. Capsules 
(immature) 5 — 10,, truncate,, united nearly their whole 
length. 

De Cakdolle, in his elaborate Prodromus of the vege- 
table kingdom, enumerates no fewer than one hundred 
and ninety -five species of Sida ; many of these, however, 
are undoubtedly a repetition of the same, the characters 
by which they are in general defined being in many cases 
much disposed to vary. 

Our plant was raised at the late Mr. Vere's garden, at 
Kensington Gore, from seeds received from Dr. Wallich, 
and flowered in December 1821. In Mr. Lambert's Her- 
barium, there is a fine specimen of this plant, ticketed 
with the name we have adopted, in Dr. Wallich's hand- 
writing, by which it appears to have first flowered in the 
garden at Calcutta, in 1819, and to have been introduced 
there from the island of Java. 

In De Candolle's enumeration of the species, it is ar- 
ranged in the third section, Abutilon of Kunth. 

Native of the East Indies. Requires the heat of the 
stove, where it flowered in December 1821. 



( 2496 ) 

CoNANTHERA BIFOLIA. VlOLET-FLOWERED 
CONANTHERA. 

****************** 

Class and Order. 

■ 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. supera. Petala sex reflexa. Antherce in conum 
acutum coalitae. Caps, ovata, 3-locularis, 3-valvis. Sem. 
pauca, subrotunda. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Conanthera bifolia ; foliis lineari-lanceolatis, scapo su- 

perne ramoso, pedunculis bifloris, petalis alternis 

ciliatis. 
Conanthera bifolia; pedunculis bifloris, petalis variegatis, 

bulbo articulato solido. Flor. Peruv. 3. p. 68. t. 301. 

Poire t Encycl. Suppl. 2. p. 326. 
Conanthera bifolia; pedunculis bifloris, foliis 2. radica- 

libus lineari-ensiformibus. Pers. Syn. 1. p. 370 
Bermudiana bulbosa; flore reflexo caeruleo. vulgo Illmu 

Feuill. Obs. v. 3. p. 8. t. 3. 



Conanthera bifolia is a native of the mountains of Chili, 
a nd our plant was raised from seeds, which came from that 
country, by the late John Walker, Esq. of Southgate, 
w We it flowered in June last year, 1823. 

The figures in the Flora Peruviana, and in FeuilUe, re- 
present the petals narrower and more reflexed than they 
*ere in our plant ; but the descriptions agree so well with 
j l that we cannot consider them as distinct species. The 
,e aves on the flowering plant decay before the blossoms 
£ x Pand; those represented in the figure, belonged to a 
bu lb that did not flower, which is probably the reason of 
a *JJrd leaf being produced. 

The bulbs are eaten by the natives both boiled and raw; 
a '«l Feuillee found them very good in soup. 










JMLh/fMrfu-'WU.-r 



( 2497 ) 

Laurus aggregata. Cluster-flowered 

Bay. 

**************** 

Class and Order. 
Enneandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. o. Cor. calycina, 6-partita. Nectarium glandulis 
3, bisetis, germen cingentibus. Filamenta interiora glan- 
dulifera. Drupa 1-sperma. 

Specific Character. 

Laurus aggregata ; foliis perennantibus ovatis acuminatis 
triplinerviis subtus glaucis, pedunculis simplicibus 
axillaribus aggregatis, bracteis scariosis ovatis con- 
cavis. 



Not having had an opportunity of examining- the flowers 
°i this shrub, we are not certain that it may not belong to 
the genus Tetranthera, but are not able to unite it with 
any described species of that genus. It has been supposed 
to be the Laurus Myrrha, which Brown refers to Tetran- 
? hera ; but we think can hardly belong to that species, 
v vhich is described as having a four-leaved involucrum, 
containing five floscules ; for if the Bractcs at the base of 
the peduncles are to be considered as an involucrum, they 
consist of many leaves, irregularly arranged and seem to 
be only the scales which protected the flower-buds. The 
leaves are evergreen, alternate, petioled, ovate, acuminate, 
°[ a yellowish or apple-green on the upper side and very 
glaucous on the under, with three nerves uniting a little 
a oove the insertion of the petiole, and terminating short 
°| the point of the leaf. The young shoots, which are 
"kewise axillary, and come out from among the flowers, 

are 



are furnished with several membranaceous slightly coloured 
scales, or a sort of stipules which are very deciduous. 

Loureiro's plant is said to be extremely bitter, and to 
taste and smell strong of the myrrh of the shops, and he 
questions whether that drug may not be the product of the 
same species; the leaves of our's, when long chewed, dis- 
cover a bitter taste, but not durable, and we could per- 
ceive nothing resembling myrrh in smell or taste. 

Our drawing was taken at the Horticultural Society's 
garden last February, from a plant sent from China, by 
JohnReeves, Esq. in the Orwell, Captain Lindsay, in 1821. 
We suppose it must be kept in the greenhouse or con- 
servatory. 




fc» kj I fwW V*U.+J^lliM 



( 2498 ) 

Canna edulis. Tuberous-rooted Indian 

Reed. 

ft ft fti ft> ft> fti ft, fti ft ft* S t'- ft i ft, ft- 8fc A "fr. A 
vj» Vfs" '^fv '^? vj»' vf.' v^' '/js 1 /f>' vf.' yf*.' "^v" '/JS' '/Jv* '/f: vf. 1 •%: vjy 

C7ass and Order. 

MONANDKIA MoNOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Anthera simplex,, filamenti margini adnata. Stylus eras- 
sus, claviformis. Stigma obtusum. Caps. 3-locularis. 
Sew. globosa, numerosa. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Canna edulis ; foliis lato-ovatis nitidis, vaginis marginibus 
foliorum cauleque coloratis, radice tuberoso. 

Canna edulis; limbi interioris labio summo tripartite* 
erecto, laciniis ovali-oblongis retusis late unguiculatis, 
media plurimum breviore ; labello lineari-oblongo 
recurvato retuso ; caule punicante. Bot. Reg. n. 775. 

Canna indica; foliis ovato-oblongis, laciniis corollae subae- 
qualibus. Ruiz et Pavon. Fl. Peruv 1. p. 1. 



Descr. Stem of the specimen from which our drawing- 
was made, rounded, and a little flattened, purple, between 
three and four feet high, clothed with leaves all the way, 
°f which the lower ones were sixteen inches long, and 
seven wide, bright shining green on the upper surface; the 
Margins and sheaths, as well as the stem, purple. Pedun- 
jfe in our specimen, scarcely emerging from the upper leaf, 
few-flowered. Germen oval, tuberculated, with two small 
concave bractes at the base. Calyx superior, three-leaved, 
about the length of the germen. Three outer lacinite of 
the corolla erect, equal, acute, purplish scarlet, three 
'*iner ones, as usual, variable in size and position, of a 
bright scarlet colour. The nectarium of Linnaeus, the 
ll PPer lip of which bears the anther on its margin, and is 

the 



the filament of later authors-, is revolute and tinged strongly 
with yellow, as is also the lower lip, now generally called 
the labellum. 

This very fine species of Canna, was raised by Mr. Lam- 
bert, at Boyton, from seeds gathered in Peru, near thirty 
years before they were sown. P Avon's own specimen of 
Canna indica, now in the Lambertian Herbarium, proves 
it to be this species, and not the indica of Linnaeus, from 
which, indeed, its tuberous esculent roots are alone suffi- 
cient to distinguish it. 

The variable size and position of the inner laciniae of 
the Corolla, together with the petal -like filament and la- 
bellum, often so confuse the different parts of the flower 
in many of the species, that hardly any figure shows the 
whole distinctly ; on this account we have given a rough 
sketch of one of the flowers of this species in whieh all the 
parts are brought into view, and distinguished by letters of 
reference, as under. 



a. a. Two of the outer laciniae ; the third being behind is out of sight. 

b. The largest of the inner laciniae, in this flower, quite erect. 

c. A similar laciniae, facing the former, and revolute. 

d. The third lacinia, in this instance, very little exceeding in size one of 

the outer laciniae, but of the same scarlet colour with the others. 

e. The filament or upper lip of the nectarium, revolute at the point and 

bearing on its margin. 

/. The anther, which in this stage is become effete, the pollen being dis- 
charged before the flower expands. 

g. The obtuse ensiform style. 

h. The labellum, or lower lip of the nectarium, likewise revolute. 

These two parts (e and h) are always opposed to each other and 
embrace the style (g), the point of which for some way down is 
generally covered with adhering pollen. 

i. The calyx. 

k. The germen. 

/. The bractes. 




. Tjiw.,ajuj,jjju. 



( 2499 ) 

Aspidistra lurida. Dingy-flowered 
Aspidistra. 

****************** 

Class and Order. 

OcTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

i 

Generic Character. 

Cor. infera, 1-petala, 8-fida, requalis. Antherce fundo 
tubi sessiles, biloculares, introrsum dehiscentes. Stigma 
clypeatum, carnosum, magnum, faucem corollaB operiens. 
Germen 4-loculare, loculis 1 -spermis. 

Specific Name. 
Aspidistra lurida. Bot. Reg. 628. 



Mr. Robert Brown has suggested, that there exists some 
affinity between this plant with Tupistra {vide supra 
No. 1655), as established by Mr. Ker, whose generic 
character of our present subject in the Botanical Register 
*e have adopted, with some little alteration. The flowers 
w e examined had an eight-cleft, not six-cleft limb. The 
m ost remarkable character in the parts of fructification is 
|he large stigma, filling the faux of the corolla, which is, 
ln the Register, not unaptly compared to a mushroom in 
'"'mature. 

Our drawing was taken in Mr. Colville's stove in the 
fang's Road, in March last ; but we could obtain no certain 
,n formation of the country from whence it came. 



Xzm. 



,.-; 



/ 




MkUn 



! 

( 2500 ) 

WULFENIA CARINTHIACA. CARINTHIAN WuL- 

FENIA. 

C&m and Order. 

DlANDRIA MoNOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. 5-partitus. Cor. 2-labiata, ecalcarata : footo su- 
periore breviore integro ; inferiore 3-lobato, barbato. Stam. 
sub labio superiore adpressa, conniventia. Caps. 2-locu- 
laris, supera. 

Specific Name and Synonyms. 

Wulfenia carinthiaca. Jacq. Misc. 2. p. 62. t. 8. /. 1. — 

Icon. rar. l.t.2. fVilld. Sp. PL I. p. 78.—Enum. Hort. 

Berol. p. 24. 
Wulfenia carinthiaca ; caule nudo, foliis crenatis. Smith 

in TransK Lin. Soc. 6. p. 96. Vahl Entm. 1. p. 87. 

Schrad. Fl. Germ. 1. p. 47. 
P^derota nudicaulis ; foliis radicalibus oblongis obtusis, 

spica secunda, caule nudo. Lam. III. 1. p. 48. t. 13. 
/ 2.—Encycl. 4. />. 693. 



The learned President of the Linnean Society, in the 
sixth volume of the Society's Transactions, has united 
Paderota to this genus, with the exception of the Cape 
species, and the characters of the two seem to us to be but 
little different; but neither Willdenow, Schrader, nor 
Koemer and Schultes have adopted this change. Wul- 
Fej ua, therefore, continues still to consist of a solitary 
s pecies. It belongs to the natural order of Scrophularina, 
^Personatce of Linnaeus. 

Native of the loftiest Carinthian Alps, growing in a very 
Jeh soil. Appears to be rare even where indigenous, and 
does not occur in the last edition of the Hort us Kewensis. 

A hardy 



A hardy perennial, not annual, though it has been fre- 
quently noted as such. 

Our drawing was taken from a plant communicated by 
A. 13. Lambert, Esq. from his collection at Boyton, where 
it flowered in May last. 



. -■-,J» I ^4i J. J. llj i* 






( 2501 ) 

j PSIDIUM CATTLEIANUM. PURPLE FRUITED 

GUAVA. 

****************** 
Class and Order. 

IcOSANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-partitus. Petala 5. Stamina per totam tubi 
calycis parietem inordinatim inserta. Ovar. 3-loculare ; 
loculis placenta septiformi ad rnarginem fissa, utrinque 
reflexa, bipartitis; ovula plurima, horizontalia, margini 
placentae inserta. Stigma capitatum. Bacca calyce coro- 
nata, polysperma. Testa ossea. Embryo hippocrepicus : 
cotyledonibus quam radicula multoties brevioribus. Lind- 
l N- Guaiava. G^ert. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Psidium cattleianum; ramis teretibus., foliis obovatis petio- 
latis coriaceis glaberrimis, floribus solitariis. Lindl. 
Collect. Bot. 16. Bot. Reg. 622. 

'Sidium cattleianum. Sabine in Trans. Hortic. Soc. 4. 
V 315. t. 11. 



The specimen of this fine fruit, from which our drawing 
* a s taken, was sent us by our lamented friend, the late 
John Walker, Esq. It was originally introduced into 
{his country from China, about the year 1817, by Mr. 
Brookes, of the Ball's Pond nursery. The fruit is said to 
exceed in flavour that of any of the known species of 
^uava, several of which are cultivated both in the East 
jtod West Indies, and from one or more of these the well 
*nown Guava jelly is prepared. 

The first account we have of this handsome tree is from 
** illiah Cattley, Esq. in the fourth volume of the Trans- 
itions of the Horticultural Society. In this gentleman's 

conservatory 



conservatory at Barnet two crops of fruit were produced 
from one tree in the same year ; a fine figure of a fruit- 
bearing branch,, from the pencil of Mr. Hooker, is added,, 
and also some remarks by the Society's very zealous secre- 
tary, who applied the name of Cattleianum to it. An illus- 
tration of the botanical character of the genus, as well as 
of this particular species, may be seen in Lindley's Collec- 
tanea Botanica above quoted, together with'a fine figure 
of a flowering branch and separate fruit. 

The flower is very little larger than that of the common 
broad-leaved myrtle, which it is not unlike. The fruit 
contains a juicy pulp, sweet, with some acidity. In the 
one we tasted, perhaps from being too ripe, we could not 
discover the delicious flavour described by Mr. Lindlev. 

May be propagated by cuttings, and these,, with good 
management, Mr. Cattley observes, may be brought into 
fruit the second year. It seems to be a fast grower, Mr. 
Cattley's plant, when purchased, being only twelve inches 
high, had, in two years, attained the height of three yards. 




Kjooz. 



( 2502 ) 
Sarcophyllum carnosum. Cape Sarco- 

PHYLLUM. 

Class and Order. 

DlADELPHlA DECANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. campanulatus, 5-partitus regularis. Legumen aci- 
naciforme, acutum. Thunb. 

Specific Name and Synonym. 

Sarcophyllum carnosum. Thunb. Prodr. p. 125. — Nov. 
Genera, p. 135. Willd. Sp. PL 3. p. 969. Persoon. 
%w. 2. p. 283. Lam. Encycl. 6. p. 542. 



Descr. A small shrub, with long curved branches. 
Leaves chiefly at the extremities of the branches, growing* 
m fascicles, curved, fleshy, linear, cylindrical, with a joint 
a little above the middle. Flowers lateral, distinct, but 
collected together near the extremities of the branches 
under the leaves, without bractes, peduncled. Calyx 
campanulate, smooth, five-toothed ; two upper teeth very 
divaricate ; three lower ones somewhat the longest, acute. 
Corolla papilionaceous : Vexillum nearly round, concave, 
freaked, quite entire, with a short recurved claw. Ala 
shorter than the vexillum, applied close to, and nearly con- 
cealing the Carina, which is somewhat longer. Stamens 
[nonadelphous : filaments all united more than half way, 
free above; alternate ones shorter, with oblong anthers, 
*hich on the longer filaments are round. Germen linear, 
a little curved. Style ascending : stigma capitate, pubes- 
ce nt, small ; ovules many. 

Native of the mountains of the Cape of Good Hope, 
Joere it is said to flower in March. Raised from Cape 
seeds at the Pulham nursery, and communicated to us m 

flower, 



flower, by Messrs. Whitley, Brame, and Milne, in June 
1820. 

We received this plant under the name we have adopted, 
but after attentively considering Thunberg's description 
of his Sarcophyllum carnosum, in his nova genera plan- 
tarum, we cannot but entertain some doubts whether we 
have done right in referring it to that genus. 



1.2 50\ 




( 2583 ) 

ASTRAP^EA WALLICHII. WaLLICh's As* 
TRAl'^EA. 

Class and Order. 

MONADELPHIA PoLYANDRIA. 

I Generic Character. 

Flores umbellati iuvolucrati. Involucrum (polyphyllum, 
iiuequale). Cal. simplex, 5-phyllus, 1-bracteatus. Petala 
5, convoluto-clausa. Stam. 25*in tubo coroliifero connata, 
quorum 5 sterilia. Germen 5-loculare, oligospermia. 
Stylus 1 . Stigmata 5. Lindley. 

Specific Name and Synonyms, 

Astrap^a Wallichii. Lindl. Collect. Bot. 14. Bot. Reg. 
691. De Cand. Prodr. Syst. Nat. 1. p. 500. 



This very beautiful plant, said to grow to a large tree, 
but which flowers in our stoves at the moderate height of 
& few feet, belongs to the natural order of Malvaceae, of 
Jussieu; and to the division proposed by Mr. Robert 
Brown, in the Appendix to Flinder's Voyage, to be sepa- 
rated into a distinct order, under the name of Buttneriaceae. 
This separation has been adopted by De Candolle in his 
Prodromus, who has inserted Astrap^a in his fifth division 
or tribe of the order, the Dombeyace<e. 

This fine plant was introduced into Kew Garden from 
Calcutta, by Dr. Wallich ; but its native country is not 
positively ascertained, though supposed to be Madagascar, 
from whence it is thought that it was brought to the 
Mauritius, and thence to Calcutta. 

Our drawing was taken at the garden of the Horticultural 
Society at Chiswick, in June last, from a plant presented 
to the Society in 1823, by William Townsend Aiton, 

Escj. 



Esq. from his majesty's collection. We saw it in flower 
at the same time., at Mr. Cqlville's nursery in the King's 
Road. 

Not having had any opportunity of examining the fruc- 
tification of this plant ourselves,, we must refer to Mr. 
Lindley's account of it in his Collectanea Botanica, as we 
are not in the habit of copying the descriptions of other 
writers, when we have not had it in our power to make 
our own observations. 






MS04. 




AS bf:ffl*fiiTrtm,a rti.i fMf< 



( 2504 ) 
Erinus Lychnidea. Phlox-like Erinus. 

****************** 

Class and Order. 

DlDYNAMIA ANGIOSPERMIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. 5-partitus. Cor. limbus 5-fidus, aequalis; Iobi« 
emarginatis. Caps, bipartibilis, polysperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Erinus Lychnidea; foliis lineari-oblongis obtusis subden- 

tatis oppositis ; bracteis alternis, limbi laciniis semi- 

bifidis. 
Erinus Lychnidea ; foliis Ianceolatis serratis, corollae tubo 

pubescente, limbi laciniis semibifidis. Lindl. in Bot. 

Reg. Km. 
Erinus Lychnidea. Willd. Sjo. PI 3. p. 333. Lin. Suppl. 

287. Persoon Syn. 2. p. 147. 
Erinus capensis ; floribus spicatis, foliis linearibus den- 

tatis. Lin. Mant. 252. 
Erinus lychnideus ; foliis Ianceolatis glabris apice serratis, 

caule herbaceo. Thunb. Prodr. 102 ? 
Lychnidea villosa, foliis ex alis floriferis florum petalis 

cordatis. Burm. Afric. 138. t. 50. /. 1 ? 
Euphrasia iEthiopica, Drabae foliis,, summis oris floscu- 

lorum altius divisis. Pluk. Mant. p. 73? 



Descr. Stem rounded, branched: branches assurgent. 
Leaves opposite, sessile, linear-lanceolate, obtuse, with two 
°r three teeth near the point. Flowers in a terminal spike. 
Bractes, or floral leaves, alternate, sessile, like the cauline 
'eaves, but with a broader base. Calyx sessile in the axil 
of the Bracte, five-cleft : segments linear, erect, nearly as 
•°ng as the bracte. Tube of corolla slender, three times 
the length of the calyx, dull purple in the middle, and 

greenish 



greenish at both extremities,, villous : Limb four times 
shorter than the tube, five-cleft; lacinice bifid more than 
half-way down, dark purple on the outside, and pure white 
within : faux bearded, stamens four : two of the anthers 
concealed within the tube, and two iust appearing at its 
mouth. Germen superior, two-celled ? ovula many, in- 
serted into a central receptacle. Style filiform, the length 
of the tube. Stigma simple. The flowers are closed 
during the day, but expand after sun-set, and are then 
very fragrant. 

There is much difficulty in applying with certainty the 
synonyms of this species; those quoted by us from Burman 
and Plukenet are generally referred to africanus, but ap- 
pear to us to belong to our present subject. The Erinus 
Lychnidea of Lamarck's Encyclopaedia is the fragrans of 
Hortus Kewensis. Linn^us having described capensis as 
having a yellow flower, alone throws any doubt upon that 
synonym, and it may vary in this respect, as fragrans is 
said to do. 

For this very beautiful plant we are indebted to Mr. 
Alexander Cuthbert, gardener to the late Lady Wake 
of Pheasant Grove, Chiselhurst, who communicated the 
specimens from which our drawing and description were 
taken, in September 1823. A greenhouse plant. Native 
of the Cape of Good Hope, 



N25QS. 




( 2505 ) 

IXORA BARBATA. BEARDED IxORA. 

Class and Order. 
Tetrandrja Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. 1-petala, infundibuliformis, longa, supera. Stamina 
supra faucem. Bacca 4-sperma (2-sperma. Roxb ) 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Ixora barbata; foliis oppositis oblongo-ovatis breviter pe- 
tiolatis, panicula terminali trichotoma laxa, corolla? 
tubo longissimo, fauce barbata. 

Ixora barbata ; tubo corollas longo ; fauce barbata, foliis 
oppositis breviter petiolatis oblongis integris levibus 
nitidis ; floralibus rotundis cordatis sessilibus. Roxb. 
Flor. Ind. 1. p. 394. 

Bem-Schetti. Hort. Malab. 2. t. 14 ? 



Descr. Flowers white, in terminal panicles, always 
trichotomously divided ; the terminal flower of the last 
division sessile, the two lateral ones peduncled. Braeles 
v ery minute, opposite, two at each division of the panicle, 
a nd two at the base of the germen. Pedicels dull purple. 
Germen globular, inferior, two-celled; segments of the 
ffix four, minute, applied close to the tube of the corolla. 
Tube exceeding an inch in length. Limb four-cleft : laci- 
n & oval, obtuse, spreading, finally reflexed. Anthers 
^ssile in the bearded faux, spreading, alternate with the 
hernia, acute, before they burst of a yellow colour, with 
* transparent apex. Style erect, longer than the tube, at 
first club-shaped, afterwards bifid. 

Roxburgh describes the leaves as oblong, from six to 
nine inches long, and the floral leaves as round, sessile, and 
embracing the base of the panicle. 

Df. Waluch remarks, that this shrub must not be con- 
founded 



founded with the Pavetta barbata of Smith., in Rees's 
Cyclopaedia. 

Dr. Roxburgh never met with this species out of the 
botanic garden at Calcutta. Requires to be kept in the 
stove. Drawn at the Horticultural Society's garden, in 
July 1823. 

Ixora barbata was sent from the botanic garden at 
Calcutta, under that name, by Mr. John Potts, a very 
meritorious collector, in the service of the Society; bat 
who unfortunately fell a victim to consumption, on his 
return from his mission to the East Indies and China, in 
1823. 



mmmommmmmm 



tmmm ■- mmmmmhh 



i 



Mzm. 




J»lySfi«tw:vrMnrA,.Au* 21gU. 



( 2506 ) 

Pedicularis canadensis. Canadian Louse- 
wort. 

****************** 

Class and Order. 

DlDYNAMIA ANGIOSPERMIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-fidus. Caps. 2-locularis, mucronata, obliqua. 
Sem. tunicata. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Pedicularis canadensis ; caule simplici, foliis pinnatifidis 
inciso-dentatis, capitulo basi folioso hirsuto, corollis 
galea setaceo-bidcntata. Pursh. Flor. Amer. Sept. 2. 
p. 425. Sweet Flower Garden, 67. 

Pedicularis canadensis; caule simplici, spica subfoliosa, 
corollis galea setaceo-bidentata, calycibus deorsum 
iruncatis. Lin. Mant. 8. Willd. Sp. PL 3. p. 211. 
Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 4. p. 4. 

Pedicularis canadensis; caule simplici debili, capitulo 
basi frondoso, calycibus deorsum truncatis. Michaux 
Fl. Amer. Boreal. 2. p. 18. 



Descr. Stem simple, assurgent, pubescent. Radical 
leaves lanceolate, pinnatifid : pinna doubly incised-dentate, 
petioled, hairy on the underside, especially along the 
nerves: cauline leaves petioled, sub-opposite, pinnatifid, 
dentate. Flowers in a terminal oval capitulum, with leaf- 
like Bractes at the base and intermixed, upper ones quite 
entire. Calyx inflated, angular, hairy at the angles, with 
an oblique quite entire opening, giving the appearance 
°f a one-lipped calyx. Tube of the Corolla straight, lon- 
ger than the calyx; upper-lip or galea falcate, with two 
bristle-like teeth at the lower edge ; lower-lip three-lobed : 
tabes rounded, hollowed underneath. Capsule (unripe) 

conical, 



conical, a little curved, mucronate. Stamens the length 
of the tube of the corolla : anthers incumbent, included. 
Style projecting beyond the corolla ; stigma capitate, 
small. 

Kalm, in the Mantissa, describes the leaves as alternate; 
but, in the two specimens from North America, preserved 
in the Banksian Herbarium, one from Canada, the other 
from the neighbourhood of New York, the leaves are op- 
posite as in our figure, or very nearly so ; but, as the inser- 
tion of the petioles is not always exactly opposite, they 
may occasionally become alternate. This author also de- 
scribes the flowers as white; but Pursh as yellowish white, 
with a tinge of purple. 

Our drawing was taken at the garden of the Horticul- 
tural Society, the latter end of April, in the present year, 
1824. "The plant was purchased for the Society by Mr. 
Prince of Long Island, New York, under the name of 
Pedicularis gladiata, and brought home by Mr. David 
Douglas, one of the collectors, who went to North Ame- 
rica in 1823, and returned this year with his collection of 
plants." 

A hardy perennial. Native of woods and meadows, from 
Canada to Carolina. 



M.2501 




Aii hf. CurUl Hairner!^**^ IXtUA 






( 2507 ) 

Fuchsia decussata. Cross -branched 
Fuchsia. 

Class and Order. 

OcTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 4-partitus, coloratus, corollifer. Cor. 4-petaIa. 
Bacca infera, 4-locuiaris, polysperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Fuchsia decussata ; pedunculis axillaribus uniftoris, foliis 
ternis oppositisque lanceolatis obsolete denticulatis. 
Flor. Peruv. 3. p. 88. t. 123. /. B. Pers. Syn. 1. 
p. 411. Poiret Encycl. Suppl. 2. p. 679. 



Descr. Shrub. Stem brown, scarred, round, swollen 
at the origin of the branches ; branches decussating, fre- 
quently three together, drooping, younger shoots red, very 
slightly pubescent. Leaves opposite, or in threes, lan- 
ceolate, acuminate, toothed, soft, bright green, very slight- 
ly pubescent above, shining and paler below, petioled, 
veined, middle rib furrowed above, prominent, and round 
below, red ; veins curved, nearly undivided ; petiole shorter 
than the leaf, furrowed above, round below, red. Stipules 
lateral, two at the base of each leaf, small, pointed. Flow- 
ers three, in a whorl, drooping ; peduncles equal in length 
to the calyx, filiform, red. Calyx bright red, every where 
very slightly pubescent, except on the inside of the seg- 
ments of the limb, four-cleft: segments pointed, moderately 
spreading, converging slightly at the points, each having 
three obscure ribs; tube almost cylindrical, but bulging 
slightly near the germen, half as long as the limb. Petals 
four, obovate, and bluntly pointed, inserted into the faux 
of the calyx, at first, rich purple, afterwards much more 

red 



. 



red, and paler ; claws and central rib more red than the 
rest of the petal ; veins indistinct, undivided, curved ; the 
petals are sometimes flat, and sometimes convolute. Sta- 
mens eight, inserted into the faux of the calyx within the 
petals; anthers small, incumbent, bilocular; pollen pale 
yellow ; filaments bright red, longer than the calyx, un- 
equal, shining. Pistil one; germen inferior, nearly cy- 
lindrical, four celled, dull purplish red; seeds obovate, 
very numerous, attached to the central column : Style 
filiform, slightly pubescent, projecting beyond the anthers, 
the same beautiful colour as the filaments and calyx, swell- 
ing near the stigma, which is of a dull purple colour, four- 
pointed, with an opening between the points. Nectaries 
eight, green glands in the bottom of the calyx tube. 

The above description was taken by Professor Graham, 
from a plant that flowered in the botanic garden at Edin- 
burgh, in June 1824; and the drawing was made by Dr. 
Greville, at the same time. 

Raised from seeds sent from Chili, in 1822, by Mr, 
Cruikshanks, through Francis Place, Esq. 

Hitherto the plants have been kept in the greenhouse ; 
but some are now planted in the open air and are expected 
to prove as hardy as the Fuchsia coccinea. 




N25QI 



T>A.iyJ.U~k,.ty*.>„*ni^.Auf, U814 



( 2508 ) 
Arum bulbiferum. Bulb-bearing Arum. 

Class and Order. 

MONOECIA PoLYANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 



Spatha monophylla, cucullata. Spadix supra nudus, 
inferne femineus, medio stamineus. 

Specific Character. 

Arum bulbiferum; acaulis, radice tuberosa, foliis decom- 
positis bulbiferis ; spatha cucullata spadice cylindraceo 
parum longiore. Roxb. Flor. Ind. inedit. ex anglico. 



This magnificent species of Arum, of which we believe 
no figure has been hitherto published, was communicated 
to us in flower by Mr. Brooke of Ball's Pond, Islington, in 
May 1820, at which time it showed no appearance of 
foliage, nor had we an opportunity of adding this to our 
drawing till March, in the present year, 1824. 

The flower was drawn of its natural size, but the leaf, 
which was nearly three feet high, and spread over an area 
of several square feet, was from necessity extremely dimi- 
nished. Bulbs are formed always at the primary, and. 
sometimes at all the divisions of the leaf, from whence the 
specific name was derived. 

Native of Bengal, where it flowers in the wet season, 
and is called by the natives, Umber Bale. Requires to be 
kept in the stove. 



IZ509. 




( 2509 ) 

Azalea indica. var, /3. plena. Double 
Rose-coloured Indian Azalea. 

****************** 

Class and Order. 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. minimus, 5-partitus, inasqualis. Cor. infundibuli- 
formis, quinquefida, inaequalis. Stam. sub pistillo inserta : 
jilamenta declinata, exserta: anthera? poro gemino oper- 
culato supra dehiscentes. Stylus exsertus, declinatus. 
Caps. 5-locularis. 

Specific Character. 

Azalea indica; floribus subsolitariis pentandris decandrisve 
calycibus pilosis. Supra No. 1480, ubi synonyma 
petenda. 

plena. Jlore incamato pleno, foliis minoribus pilosis. 



Descr. Of the numerous varieties of this beautiful shrub 
recorded by Kasmpfer, as occurring in Japan, only one is 
Mentioned as being double, and that only with two Corollas 
one within another. In the one here represented, the Sta- 
mens were all obliterated, being converted into petals. 

The flowers are more numerous than in the variety before 
given, but rather smaller, the leaves are smaller and more 
^iry. It seems to be one of those which, when full grown, 
are described as appearing entirely covered at the upper 
part with blossoms. 

. So much attention has been of late paid to the importa- 
tion of curious plants from China, that we can hardly fail 
of receiving more of the varieties of this beautiful shrub 
from that country, and when once imported they are not 
difficult to propagate by layers. 

Communicated in March last by Mr. Brookes, who im- 
ported it from China in the year 1819, in the Lady Melville 
wtiaman. 




!Wu)k/iWto Tii»»^» /jplliU-, 



( 2510 ) 

Ornithogalum narbonense. Narbonne 
Star of Bethlem. 

****************** 

Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. 6-petala, erecta, persistens, supra medium patens. 
Filamenta basi dilatata. Caps. 3-locularis. Sem. subro- 
tunda, nuda. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Ornithogalum narbonense ; foliis linearibus scapo dimidio 

brevioribus, raeemo elongato, filamentis aequalibus, 

petalis alternis tridentatis pedunculisque patentissimis. 
Ornithogalum narbonense; raeemo oblongo, filamentis 

lanceolatis membranaceis, pedunculis floribusque pa- 

tentibus. Lin. Sp. PL 440. Willd. 2. p. 118. Per- 

soon Syn. 1. p. 364. 
Ornithogalum narbonense; raeemo Iongissimo, genitalibus 

aequalibus, petalis lanceolatis, foliis linearibus planis. 

Flor. Taur.-Caucas. 1. p. 276. 
Ornithogalum majus spicatum flore albo. Bauh. Pin. 70. 
Ornithogalum narbonense. Dod. Pempt. 222. De Cand. 

Flore franc. 3. p 216. 
Ornithogalum majus II. Clus. Hist. p. 187. quoad de- 

scriptionem, byzantinum verb quoad iconem, qua? 

eadem ac Dodonaei. 



Descr. Leaves linear, in our plant channelled, (not 
plain as described in the Flora Taurico-Caucasica) wither- 
'Jg at the point. Scape roundish, erect, pale green, twice 
"te length of the leaves, bearing many flowers, sometimes 
J to a hundred. Bractes lanceolate, small, five times 
Sorter than the peduncle. Peduncles very patent but be- 
coming 



coming erect as the fruit ripens, one-flowered. Corolla 
divided to the base into six segments or petals, which are 
very patent, white within, with a green stripe along the 
mid-rib on the outside ; alternate ones three-toothed at the 
tip. Filaments erect, widening at the base, accuminate, 
of equal length, shorter by half than the petals : Anthers 
oval, versatile : pollen yellow. Germen obtusely three- 
cornered, yellow. Style shorter than the stamens, truncate. 

By some authors this species has been considered to be 
a variety of pyrenaicum, from which it especially differs 
in its humbler growth ; in having longer peduncles ; no 
yellow colour in the flower; style shorter than the stamens; 
bractes a fifth part, instead of half the length of the pedun- 
cles. From stachyodes it differs in having all the stamens 
of equal length. 

Native of the south of France. Communicated by Mr. 
Anderson, from the Chelsea garden in July 1821, who 
received it from Russia, by favour of our friend Dr. Fischer. 







R.1 i, ,' tmfm .~W*inrt>LS^JlSU . 



( 2511 ) 

Bellis sylvestris. Large Portugal 
Daisy. 

Class and Order. 
Syngenesia Polygamia Superflua. 

Generic Character. 

Receptaculum nudum, conicum. Pappus o. Calyx he- 
misphaericus : squamis aequalibus. Sem. obovata. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Bellis sylvestris; scapo nudo unifloro, foliis obovatis cre- 

nulatis subtriplinerviis, seminibus hispidis. 
Bellis sylvestris ; scapo nudo unifloro, foliis obovatis cre- 

natis trinerviis. fVilld. Sp. PL 3. p. 2122. Hort. 

Kew. ed. alt. 3. p. 86. Persoon Syn. 2. p. 459. 
Bellis sylvestris; scapo nudo, foliis ovato-oblongis cre- 

natis trinerviis. CyriUi Neap. 2. p. 12. t. 4. 



Whether this plant be really different from Arnica 
Rellidiastrum seems not quite certain ; both, however, 
are recorded as distinct in the Hortus Kewensis, as well 
as by Willdenow and Persoon. The specimens of each , 
which we have examined, are extremely similar, yet in 
the Arnica we find so long a pappus crowning the 
germen as to appear quite evident amidst the florets ; 
whereas, in our present plant, the germen is covered with 
short bristles, which project but little beyond the seed, and 
<lo not form a true pappus. There can be very little doubt 
hut that Bellis sylvestris is properly united to the genus 
Bellis, whether it be really distinct from the Bellidiastrum 
of Micheli or not ; but we cannot agree with M. Poiret 
(Encycl. Bot. Suppl. 4. p. 298,) in considering it as a mere 
variety of Bellis perennis, from which it differs not only in 
s »zc, but in the proportion of the radius and calyx ; the 

former 



former in this plant being barely one-third longer than the 
latter, which in (3. perennis is twice as long. The com- 
pressed bristly seeds too are quite different from the smooth 
ones of the common daisy. 

A tolerably hardy perennial. Native of Portugal and 
Italy, growing chiefly in woods and under shady hedges. 
Flowers in the spring. Is propagated by dividing its roots, 
as it seldom perfects its seeds here. Communicated by 
Mr. Anderson from the Chelsea garden, in May 1820. 



N251Z. 




IU».-.un*T*VW«*.J>vii.S.>i 



{ 2512 ) 

Coreopsis tinctoria. Arkansa Co- 
reopsis. 

***************** 

Class and Order. 
Syngenesia Polygamia Frustranea. 

Generic Character. 

Recept. paleaceum. Sem. compressa ernarginata. Pap- 
pus bicornis. Cal. duplex uterque polyphyllus. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Coreopsis tinctoria; foliis oppositis ; inferioribus pinnatis 
linearibus ; superioribus trifidis, calyce exteriore di- 
midio breviore, radio basi rnaculato, disco discolore. 

Coreopsis tinctoria. Barton Flora of North- Amer. 2. 
t. 45. 



Descr. Root annual. Stem upright, very slender, and 
thence apt to be variously distorted ; fluted, trichotomously 
divided. Lower leaves, which fall off as the plant advances, 
opposite, odd-pinnate, with the leaflets in three or four 
distant pairs, linear, some of them irregularly divided, 
terminal one longer, and somewhat broader than the rest, 
higher up the leaves, have one pair of leaflets at the base, 
and three at the extremity, and the upper ones are simply 
bifid, sometimes with bundles of young leaves in the axils. 
Peduncles terminal, nearly naked, one-flowered. Outer 
calyx spreading, not half the length of the inner, which 
is upright, scariose. Radius about eight-petaled : petals 
Wedge-shaped, for the most part three-toothed at the point, 
the middle tooth generally the longest, and often notched ; 
out sometimes the petal is as it were truncated, with several 
unequal teeth ; colour a golden yellow, with a dark crimson 

spot 



spot at the base. Disk black-purple ; but the styles and 
stigma being' yellow and exserted, occasion the outer rim, 
when the florets are expanded, to appear yellow. The 
palea are linear, and equal the floret in length. Seeds 
small, compressed, black, curved, naked. 

This species has a near affinity to tenuifolia; from which, 
however, it is readily distinguished by its slender distorted 
stems ; its outer calyx being barely half the length of, in- 
stead of equal to, the inner; and above all by the dark 
crimson base of the petals. 

Native of the whole of the Arkansa territory, as far as 
the Red River, North America, where it was discovered 
by Professor Nuttall, during his travels in that country, 
and an account of it transmitted to Professor Barton. It 
is of late introduction, and generally treated as a tender 
annual. Flowers the greater part of the summer. Com- 
municated by Mr. Anderson from the Chelsea garden, in 
September 1823, at which time our drawing was taken. 
We also received fine specimens in July last, from the 
botanic garden at Bury St. Edmunds. 




f-Mv"iw>. ».i— *.VUS< 



( 2513 ) 

MONARDA RUSSELIANA. DoTTED-FLOWERED 
MONARDA. 

****************** 
Class and Order. 

DlANDRIA MoNOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. tubulosus dentatus. Cor. ringens : labio superiore 
linearis filament a involvente. Semina. 4. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Monarda Russeliana ; caule acutangulo bisulcato, foliis 
ovatis acaminatis basi rotundatis ; inferioribus ser- 
ratis, labio inferiore revoluto guttato. 



Descr. Stem erects acute-angled with two deep grooves, 
smooth. Leaves ovate, acuminate, rounded at the base, 
lower ones serrate, upper ones quite entire, roughish, on 
very short incurved petioles. Flowers capitate. Involu- 
wum consisting of six bractes, ovate-acuminate, longer 
than the calyx, ciliate, pale-flesh-coloured on the upper 
surface and green on the lower. Tube of Calyx curved. 
striate, with five-toothed border : teeth subulate, ciliate. 
Corolla ringent : upper-lip very narrow, a little dilated up- 
wards, entire or minutely emarginate : lower-lip much 
wider, revolute, obsoletely three-toothed, white, with dis- 
tinct crimson dots. 

This very handsome and distinct species of Monarda 
was communicated by Robert Barclay, Esq. of Bury Hill, 
in June last. We are informed by Mr. David Cameron, 
foe head gardener, that it was flowered in the greenhouse, 
for though sufficiently hardy to bear our winters in the 
^pen ground, it will not in this situation blossom till late 
n the autumn. Native of North America. Raised from 
'eeds received from Professor Nuttaix, under the name 
*e have adopted. 



N25U 




( 2514 ) 

Euphorbia carinata. Keel-leaved Eu- 
phorbia. 

****************** 

Class and Order. 

DODECANDRIA TrIGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. 4- s. 5-petala, calyci insidens. Cal. 1-phyllus, ven- 
tricosus. Caps, tricocca. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Euphorbia carinata; fruticosa, corollis calceoliformibus, 
foliis ellipticis subtus acutissime carinatis. 

Crepidaria carinata ; foliis ovatis acuminatis supra obso- 
lete venosis subtus costa profunde carinata : carina 
minute tuberculatim exasperatis. Haworth PL Succ. 
Suppl. p. 67. 

Euphorbia carinata. Donn Hort. Cantab, ed. 9. p. 155. 

Euphorbia canaliculata. Lodd. Cab. 727. 



The chief account we have found of this rare plant is in 
Haworth's Supplement to his history of succulent plants. 
At the time of this publication, in 1819, it does not seem 
to have flowered in this country, the author having- only 
seen a small plant of it at the Fulham nursery. The 
flowers are very like those of E. Tithymaloides, but the 
leaves are remarkable for a sharp broad keel along the 
midrib on the underside, which in the younger leaves is 
undulated, but in the older ones quite plain, and sharp 
edged. Mr. Haworth, from the slipper-shaped corolla, 
has raised the section to which this species belongs into 
a genus, under the name of Crepidaria, as has been before 
done by Neckar, under the name of Pedilanthus. 

Native of Trinidad. Requires to be kept in the stove. 
Communicated by Messrs. Whitley, Brames, and Milne, 
m May last. 



1.2515. 




M by / a»rV Wi^. ■ 



( 2515 ) 

Malva prostrata. Pimpernel-flowered 
Mallow. 

**************** 

Class and Oi'der. 

MONADELPHIA PoLYANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. duplex : exterior 3-phylIus. Caps, plurimae mono- 
spermae v. dispermae. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Malva prostrata; foliis palmato-quinque-lobatis inciso- 
dentatis, pedicellis solitariis petiolo longioribus, fructu 
glabro, petalis integris. De Cand Prodr. p. 436. Cav. 
Diss. 2. t. 16. /. 3. 



Descr. Stem prostrate, hairy : branches divaricate, 
flexuose. Stipules semi-ovate, two at the base of each 
petiole. Lower leaves round, kidney-shaped, crenate : 
Upper leaves palmately divided into five wedge-shaped 
segments, incised towards the point. Peduncles axillary, 
solitary, one-flowered, when seed-bearing considerably 
longer than the petiole. Outer calyx consists of three 
subulate leaflets : inner calyx five-cleft, leaflets ovate. 
Petals suborbiculate, scarcely longer than the calyx, 
quite entire. Capsules many, two seeded, nearly smooth, 
two-awned : awns short, subulate. 

In Professor De Candolle's elaborate account of the 
natural family of Malvaceae, he has divided the genus 
Malva into four sections, to the last of which our plant 
belongs. This section is formed into a separate genus by 
M(ench, under the name of Modiola, adopted by De Can- 
»olle as the name of the section, with a question, whether 
11 ought not to be considered as a distinct genus. 

Native 



Native of South America, particularly by the way side 
in the neighbourhood of Monte- Video. Our plant was 
raised from seeds sent us from Brazil by Mr. Frederick 
Sello, in the garden of our late friend John Walker, 
Esq. of Arno's Grove, and flowered in May. 




I25]i 



P»vl &"> J*3**<V- TOdnvrdU /*»- J Wil - 



( 2516 ) 
Ophrys arachnites. Black-Spider Ophrys. 

****************** 

Class and Order. 

Gynandria Monandria. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. subpatens. Labellum ecalcaratum. Glandular pol- 
linis cucullis distinctis inclusai. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 
■ 

Ophrys Arachnites; bulbis subrotundis, scapo folioso, 
nectarii labiolato emarginato appendiculato. Syst. 
Veg. ed. 14. p. 813. Host. Syn. p. 492. 

Ophrys Arachnites ; caule folioso, labello villoso trilobo : 
lobo medio obovato apice brevissime trilobo, petalis 
paten tibus; tribus exterioribus oblongis obtusis, binis 
interioribus lineari-lanceolatis brevissimis. Willd. Sp. 
PL 4. p. 67. 

Ophrys arachnites. De Cand. Jl. franc. 6. p. 332. 

Ophrys arachnoides. Bot. Repos. 470 ? 

Ophrys insectifera. v. arachnites. Sp. PL 1343. 

Orchis {fucijlora ad iconem) radicibus subrotundis, la- 
bello holosericeo emarginato appendiculato. Hall. 
Hist. n. 1266. t. 24. fig. opt. 

Orchis Arachnites. Scop. Cam. 2. p. 194. n. 1115. Lob. 
ic. 185. 

Orchis araneam referens. Bauh. Pin. 84. Vaill. Paris. 
t.SO.f. 10, 11, 12, 13. 

Orchis serapias secunda Dodonaei. Hort. Eystt. Ord. 
jEst. 4 t. 5. 



Haller, who has given a full description of this plant, 
observes that the marking and appendices on the labellum, 
as well as the colour of the petals, are subject to much 
variation. In our specimen the stem was erect, clothed 

half- 



half-way with sheathing, ovate-lanceolate leaves. Spike 
distant flowered ; bractes lanceolate, the length of the 
slightly curved germen. Petals or Lacinice rose coloured, 
tinged with green : three outer ones ovate, concave, nearly 
equal, but the upper one something narrowest and in- 
curved : two inner lacinice conical, somewhat fleshy, mi- 
nutely ciliate when examined with a lens. Labetlum round, 
with the sides reflected, hollowed underneath, velvety, 
black -purple, with yellow marks, and three green appen- 
dices, two towards the base, conical, villous, a third at the 
apex, incurved, emarginate, with a small acumen in the 
sinus. Column erect, incurved, mucronate, green, tinged 
with yellow, not unaptly compared to a bird's head. 
Pollen masses yellow, pedicled, and attached to a globu- 
lar gelatinous gland, contained in distinct sheaths, open- 
ing in front. 

Native of Germany, Austria, Switzerland, and France. 
Communicated in June last by our friend, Mr. M c Leay, 
from the garden of Charles Hampden Turner, Esq. 
Rook's-nest Park, Surry. The roots were brought by 
Mrs. Turner from Switzerland three years ago, with se- 
veral other curious plants. 




1.2)1']. 



Curtityrnlmcrth.Cii USii. 



( 2517 ) 

Aloe africana, fi. angustior. Narrower 
Sword-leaved Aloe. 

Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Corolla erecta, ore patulo, fundo nectarifero. Fllam. 
receptaculo inserta. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Aloe africana; fruticosa, foliis ensiformibus glaucis am- 
plexicaulibus, spica terminali longissima, floribus 
pendulis imbricatis, staminibus exsertis. 

Aloe africana; foliis ensiformibus glaucis; inferioribus 
distantibus ; apicibus reflexis, dentibus marginalibus 
igneis. Haworth in Lin. Soc. Trans. 7. p. 21. — Syn. 
PL Succ. p. 76. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 2. p. 296. 

Aloe perfoliata, |3. africana; foliis latioribus amplexicau- 
libus margine et dorso spinosis, floribus spicatis, caule 
fruticoso. Hort. Kew. ed. l ma -\. p. 466. Mill. Diet. 
Willd. Sp. PI 2. p. 185. 

«3.) latifolia ; foliis erecto-patulis superne parum recurvis. 
Haworth Suppl. PL Succ. p. 47. 

(*•) angustior; foliis patenti-recurvantibus, fere duplo 
angustioribus quam in var. a. Id. I. c. 



Descr. At the time Mr. Haworth published his elabo- 
rate arrangement of the genus Aloe in the Seventh Volume 
of the Transactions of the Linnean Society, he had never 
seen the flowers of this species, which it rarely has been 
known to produce till it has acquired a very considerable 
size ; the figures of it which have been hitherto published, 
fl ave, in consequence, represented the form of the plant only, 

without 



without any flower, such as those quoted with doubt by 
Mr. Haworth, from Commelin, and those in Weinman's 
Phytographia, which are therefore not quoted above. 

Aloe qfricana grows with an upright stout stem, marked 
with the vestiges of fallen leaves. Leaves alternate, stem- 
embracing, most crowded at the upper part, more or less 
recurved, sword-shaped, concave on the upper surface, 
armed at the margins, with conical rigid teeth or spines, 
which are of a red-orange colour at their points, some of 
the leaves have also a few similar spines on the under side 
towards their extremities ; when cut, a watery moderately 
bitter juice exudes. From the extremity of the stem rises 
the scape, bearing a very long spike of greenish-yellow 
pendulous cylindrical flowers, which, as they expand, be- 
come ascendent at the point, and the orange-red coloured 
stamens and style are protruded for some distance beyond 
the corolla. 

Our drawing was taken from a specimen kindly commu- 
nicated by Mr. Thomas Hitchen, of Norwich, from his very 
extensive collection of succulent plants, in December 1823. 
Mr. Haworth suggests that the blossoms might have had 
more of a red tinge, if they had been produced later in the 
season, when they could have enjoyed a greater share of 
light. 



J r>' 



Itim. 




A4i^J G*»-Ur~W»2murti. 



( 2518 ) 

Cotyledon decussata. Cross-leaved 
Cotyledon. 

Class and Order. 

Decandria Pentagynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-fidus. Cor. 1-petala. Squamce nectarifera 5, ad 
basin germinis. Caps. 5. 

Specific Character and Sj/nom/ms. 

Cotyledon decussata ; fruticosa, foliis concinnc decnssat is 
subteretibus mucronatis glaucis, floribus paniculafis 
pendulis. 

Cotyledon papillaris; farinoso-alba, foliis concinne decus- 
satis oppositis numerosis oblongo-cuneatis teretibusve 
vel subclavatis acutis, subhorizontalibus ; pagina su- 
periore depressa. Haworth SuppL PI. Succ. p. 21. — 
vix C. papillaris Thunbergii. 

Cotyledon foliis angustis oppositis cum limbo purpureo, 
floribus pendulis. Burm. Afr. n. 54. t. 22. / 1. 



Descr. Stem shrubby, erect, but very little branched 
Leaves opposite crosswise, sessile, fleshy, nearly cylin- 
drical, somewhat flattened on the upper side, glaucous, or 
even hoary, narrowed at both ends, varying somewhat in 
shape, and terminated with a dark purple mucro. Common 
peduncle terminal, erect, smooth, half a foot long, purple, 
nearly naked, or furnished with a pair of smaller leaves 
only, terminated in a panicle of many „ pendulous, red 
flowers. Calyx five-toothed, four times shorter than the 
tube of the corolla. Corolla large, shewy, red : tube cy- 
'indrical, nearly an inch long: limb half the length, divided 
'nto five lacinue rolled back. Stamens ten, exscrted : 

Jilamuils 



filaments pass through a hairy ring near the bottom of the 
tube : Anthers, before the flower opens, upright, with four 
grooves. Styles 5, rather longer than the stamens : stig- 
mas lobular, villous. Nectaries five concave scales, one 
at the base of each germen. 

There can be no doubt but this is the Cotyledon papil- 
laris of Haworth, but this author himself doubted of its 
being the papillaris of Thunberg. At the time he wrote 
his Supplement, there was no possibility of coming to a 
certain decision in this respect, from the very insufficient 
specific character given in the Prodromus ; but since the 
publication of the Flora Capensis, it is evident that our 
plant cannot belong to that species, which is there de- 
scribed, as having a herbaceous decumbent stem, and very 
much smaller leaves and flowers, with the limb of the corolla 
equal in length to the tube. Burman's figure and descrip- 
tion, quoted by Haworth, however imperfect, evidently 
apply to our plant. And as this figure is not quoted to any 
other species, and the description of no recorded one cor- 
responds, we are constrained to apply to it a new specific 
name, that of papillaris being, as above-stated, already pre- 
occupied. We have accordingly given one from the striking 
decussate position of the leaves. 

This very rare and beautiful species of Cotyledon, was 
kindly communicated to us in June last, by Mr. Hoop, 
Surgeon, South Lambeth, who possesses a fine collection 
of rare succulent plants, which he cultivates with great 
success. 



XJUH9. 




P".lbyS^Ar. W n l m v , & .M}JtU. 



( 2519 ) 

Lobelia Rhizophyta. Spathula-leaved 
Lobelia. 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. tubo hinc fisso (raro integro) ; limbo 5-partito. 
AnthercB connatae. Stigma bilobum (nunc indivisum). 
Caps. SMocularis (raro 3-loc.) apice supero bivalvi. Brown. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Lobelia Rhizophyta ; caule decumbente alato, foliis obo- 
vato-spathulatis repando-dentatis, pedunculis axilla- 
ribus solitariis unifloris folio multo brevioribus. 

Lobelia Rhizophyta ; caule basi radicante adscendente 
triquetro glabro, foliis inferioribus petiolatis obovatis 
repando-dentatis glabris crassiusculis ; superioribus 
lanceolatis sessilibus subdecurrentibus ; summis cili- 
atis integerrimis, pedunculis brevissimis axillaribus, 
capsulis cylindricis glabris. Schultes Syst. Veg. 5. 
p. 44. ex Sprengelio. Link. Enum. 1. p. 219. 



This little plant has long passed in our nurseries for 
Lobelia bellidifolia, under which name we received it from 
Messrs. Loddiges and Sons, in September, 1823. But, 
upon examination, we immediately found that it does not 
agree with the character of that species ; and upon shewing 
our drawing to Mr. Sweet he obligingly pointed out to us 
that it had been described by the name of Rhizophyta. 
This appellation we find was given it by Professor Spren- 
gel, and is recorded in the new Systema Vegetabilium, 
publishing by Professor Schultes; we have, therefore, 
adopted, without approving, it, 

We 



We received specimens of the same species several years 
ago from Mr. Barr, late of the Ball's Pond nursery, and 
from Mr. Donn, at that time curator of the Cambridge 
garden,, 

Lobelia bellidifolia, under which name Sprengel also 
received the present species, differs from it in having an 
annual root, a simple erect stem, in being hairy, and having 
flexuose peduncles longer than the leaves, according to 
Thunberg's description. 

Our plant is perennial, with a decumbent winged stem, 
which frequently takes root near the base ; obovate leaves 
very sparingly toothed, fleshy, the upper leaves in some 
specimens are much narrower than in our figure, and with 
the calyxes and peduncles are slightly pubescent. It is a 
plant of little beauty, from the smallness of its flowers; 
but we are happy in the opportunity of rectifying a prevail- 
ing mistake respecting it. 

Native country the Cape of Good Hope. Requires to 
be protected from frost. 

Flowers in September and October. Propagated by 
dividing its roots. 




JU.JyJ &»*>.-»»«,<*..£•* 22Aa*. 



( 2520 ) 

Euphorbia anacantha. Scaly Finger- 
flowered Spurge. 

Class and Order. 

DoDECANDRIA TRIGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. 4- s. 5-petala, calyci insidens. Cal. 1-phyllus, veu- 
tricosus. Caps. 3-cocca. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Euphorbia anacantha; inermis, imbricata, tuberculis foliolo 
subrotundo instructis, floribus terminalibus solitariis 
sessilibus, petalis palmatis. Hort. Kew. ed. I™', 2. 
p. 136.— ed. alt. 3. p. 158. Willd. Sp. PI. 2. p. 888. 

Euphorbia tridentata ; inermis ramosa, subtuberculata, 
calycum laciniis exterius supra concavis coloratis tri- 
dentatis. Lam. Encycl. 2. p. 416. Decand. Plantes 
Grasses 144. fide Hort. Kew. 

Dactylanthes anacantha. Haworth Syn. Succ. p. 132. 

Euphorbium anacanthum squamosum lobis florum triden- 
tatis. Isnard. Mem. de I' Acad. 1720. p. 518. L 11. 

Euphorbium erectum aphyllum, ramis rotundis, tuberculis 
tetragonis. Burm. Afr. 16. t. 7. f. 2. 



Descr. This plant has altogether the habit of a Stapelia, 
the same kind of fleshy, jointed,, tuberculated branches : the 
tubercles are generally four-sided., marked at the point with 
the remains of a small ovate, deciduous leaf. At the extre- 
mities of the flowering-branches from three to live oval 
fleshy leaves are produced, serving as an involucrum to the 
flower, from the centre of which issues the peduncle, bear- 
ing, according to the usual language, a single flower, with 
four or five tubular petals, each having a two-lipped limb, 
the under -Up much the longest, and terminated with three 

subulate 



subulate teeth, green on the under side, rugose and beau- 
tifully variegated on the upper ; the upper-lip three lobed, 
white tinged with purple. From a flat receptacle in the 
centre of these petals grows the female flower, a single, 
obsoletely three-cornered germen, with a tripartite style, 
and lobular stigmas; at first erect, but speedily, as in most 
of the genus, cernuous ; the germen is surrounded by se- 
veral stamens, which rise in succession : anthers two- 
lobed : lobes divaricate. The whole plant when wounded 
exudes a white milk, which is not acrid. 

The above description is given according to the Linnean 
notions of the parts composing the flowers of an Euphorbia; 
but our friend Mr. Robert Brown has given a much more 
satisfactory explanation of the organs constituting the 
flower ; which cannot be better described than in his own 
words, in the appendix to Flinder's Voyage, page 556. 

" The view I take (says this intelligent botanist) of the structure of 
Euphorbia is in one important particular, at least, different from those 
given by Lamarck, Ventenat, Richard, and Decandolle, though possibly the 
same as Jussieu has hinted at; so briefly, however, and, I may add, ob- 
scurely, that if his supposition be really analogous to what I shall presently 
offer, he has not been understood by those who profess to follow him in 
this respect. 

*' With all the authors above quoted, I regard what Linnaeus has called 
Calyx and Corolla, in Euphorbia, as an involucrum, containing several 
male flowers, which surround a single female. By some of these authors 
the male flowers are described as monandrous, and in this respect also, I 
agree with them; but the body, which all of them describe as a jointed 
filament, I consider to be made up of two very distinct parts, the portion 
below the joint being the footstalk of the flower, and that above it, the 
proper filament : but, as the articulation itself is entirely naked, it follows, 
that there is no periantbium ; the filiform, or laciniated scales, which au- 
thors have considered as such, being on this supposition analagous to 
bracteae; The female flower, in conformity with this supposition, has also 
its pedunculus on the dilated, and, in a few cases obscurely lobed, apex of 
which the sessile ovarium is placed. If this be a correct view of the struc- 
ture of Euphorbia, it may be expected that the true filament, or upper joint 
of what has commonly been called filament, should, as in other plants, be 
produced subsequent to the distinct formation of the anthera, which con- 
sequently will be found at first sessile on the lower joint or peduncle, after 
that has attained nearly its full length, and accordingly, this proves to be 
the case in such species as I have examined. Additional probability is given 
to this view, by the difference existing between the surfaces of the two joints 
in some species. I consider it, however, as absolutely proved, by an un- 
published genus of this order, having an involucrum nearly similar to that 
of Euphorbia, and like it, enclosing several fasciculi of monandrous male 
flowers, surrounding a single female, but which, both at the joint of the 
supposed filament, and at that by which the ovarium is connected with its 
pedicellus, has an obvious perianthium regularly divided into lobes." 

Native of the Cape of Good Hope. Requires to be kept 
in the greenhouse, or dry-stove. Propagated by cuttings. 
Flowers in September and October. 

Communicated by Messrs. Loddiges and Sons. 



12521. 




fUiy t±w6r]Umm* 



( 2521 ) 

SCHIZANTHUS PORRIGENS. SPREADING ScHI- 

ZANTHUS. 

Class and Order. 

DlANDRIA (DlDYNAMIA Hooker) MoNOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. 5-partitus. Cor. bilabiata, resupinata: labio su- 
periore 5-partito ; inferiore tripartito. Stam. 4 : duo ste- 
rilia. Caps, bivalvis, bilocularis. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Schizanthus porrigens ; caule diffuso racemis paniculatis : 
pedicellis divaricatissimis. 

Schizanthus porrigens ; pedicellis fructus patentibus dis- 
tichis rectiusculis (corollse labio inferiore pallide pur- 
pureo). Graham in Hooker Exotic Flora, 86. 



Descr. This species is a larger, more branched, and 
diffuse plant than the Schizanthus pinnatus figured at 
No. 2404 of this work. The leaves and colour of the 
flowers seem to be too subject to vary to be depended 
upon for distinguishing the one from the other. Professor 
Graham seems to have had some confidence in the paler 
colour of the lower lip of the flower in Schizanthus porri- 
gens; but in our specimens the lower lip was a full violet 
colour, even deeper than in S. pinnatus. The present 
species is much the most showy, and is a valuable acquisi- 
tion to the flower-garden, being a perfectly hardy annual, 
as we are informed by Mr. Milne of the Fulham nursery, 
to whom we are obliged for the communication of the 
specimens from which our drawing was taken. 

This species is still more unlike the Schizanthus figured 
in the Flora Peruviana than pinnata, and in the descrip- 
tion 



tion given in that work, the stem is pointedly said to be 
upright, and but little branched. 

Native of Chili. Flowers in the open ground in July, 
August, and September. 






Ktszz. 




( 2522 ) 

Crinum confertum. Crowded-flowered 

Crinum. 

Class and Order. 

Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — Vide supra No. 2292, ct No. 2463. 

Specific Character. 

Crinum confertum; bulbo ovato, foliis bipedalibus ima- 
gine laevi, 1% unc. latis, canaliculars, apice obliquo 
gradatim attenuatis ; umbella circiter 8-flora ; scapo 
compresso viridi pedali ; spatha viridi 3f-unciali, 
bracteis gracilibus ; genuine viridi semunciali ob- 
longo sessili, loculis 5 — 8-spermis ; tubo viridi erecto 
3-unciali ; limbo albo 3§-unciali, laciniis exteris f , 
internis ^ unc. latis ; stylo purpureo laciniis aliquau- 
tulum breviore; stigrnate trilobo purpureo ; filanientis 
stylo sesquiunciam brevioribus, divaricatis, purpureis, 
versus basin albis, basi gibbosa, apice aliquantuluui 
sursum curvato ; polline aureo. W. H. 



Descr. This species differs from Crinum arenarium in 
having the coats of the bulb harder, the leaves more atte- 
nuated, the flowers more numerous and erect, the germcii 
longer, oblong, and sessile, the style a little shorter than 
the limb, and the limb longer than the tube. Our speci- 
men flowered in June, in the stove of the Earl of Carnarvon 
at Highclere. It is a native of the N. W. coast of Australia, 
from whence it was sent by the collector, under the name 
of Crinum angustifolium of Brown, a species with rough- 
edged leaves, which does not appear to have been yet 
introduced into this country. W. H. 



INDEX. 



In which the Latin Names of the Plants contained in the Fifty- 
First Volume are alphabetically arranged. 



— ^iT^ShJ^*- 



PL 
2517 
2494 

2448 
2459 
2478 
2468 
2472 
2508 
2499 
2503 
2509 
2511 
2444 
2491 
2489 
2492 
2498 
2493 
2488 
2443 
2479 
2496 
2451 
2512 
2470 
2518 
2466 
2522 
2463 
2456 
2471 
2486 
2454 
2476 
2457 
2473 
2480 
2465 
2504 
2445 
2490 



Aloe africana, |3 angustifolia. 
Alpinia tubulata. 
Amethystea caerulea. 
Am niobium alatum. 
Angclonia salicariajfolia. 
Antennaria triplinervis. 
Artemisia biennis. 
Arum bulbiferum. 
Aspidistra lurida. 
Astrapaea Wallichii. 
Azalea indica. 
Bellis sylvestris. 
Biscutella hispida. 
Bossiaea Itnophylla. 
Bubon Galbanum. 
Campanula pulla. 
Canna edulis. 
Centaurea spinosa. 
Cissus antarctica. 
■ quinquefolia. 

Coix Lachryma. 
Conanthera bifolia. 
Coreopsis lanceolata. 
' tinctoria. 

Coriaria sarmentosa. 
Cotyledon decussata. 
Crinum Careyanum. 
• » ■■ ■ confer turn. 

snbniersum. 

Cyrilla racemiflora. 
Cyrtanthus pallid us. 
Dalea mutabilis. 
Desman thus virgatus. 
Dorstenia arifolia. 
Echinops strictus. 
Echites nutans. 
Entelea arborea. 
Erica bucciniflora. 
Erinus Lychnidea. 
Erodium Gussonii. 
Eucrosia bicolor. 



PL 

2467 Eulophia guincensis. 
2520 Euphorbia anacantha* 

2514 ■ carinata. 
2507 Fuchsia decussata. 
2464 Habranthus gracilifolius. 

2485 ■ versicolor. 

2475 Hippeastrum subbarbatum. 
2453 Jonidium Ipecacuanha &. 
2446 lpoma?a speciosa. 

2487 Justicia geniculata. 
2505 Ixora barbata. 
2497 Laurus aggregata. 
2519 Lobelia Rhizophyta. 
2469 Lonicera punicea. 
2462 Malpighia lucida. 

2515 Malva prostrata. 

2441 Melastoma granulosa. 
2455 Momordica Charantia. 
2513 Monarda Russeliana. 
2458 Nicandra pbysaloides. 
2484 Nicotiana repanda. 
2452 Ocimum canum. 
2450 Ononis hispanica. 

2516 Ophrys Arachnites. 
2510 Ornithogalum narbonensc. 

2442 Oxylobium arborescens. 
2483 Oxytropis pilosa. 
2506 Pedicufaris canadensis. 
2449 Phlomis Herba Venti. 
2460 Plectranthus ternatus. 
2447 Protea grandiflora « latifoha. 
2501 Psidium Catleianum. 

246 L Rliipsalis salicornoidcs. 
2602 Sarcophyllum caruosuro. 
2521 Schizanthus porrigens. 
2474 Sedum sempervivoides. 
2482 Serratula simplex. 
2495 Sida aurita. 
2477 Vernonia flexuosa. 
2481 Urtica involucrata. 
2500 Wulfenia carinthiaca. 



INDEX. 



In which the English Names of the Plants contained in the Fifty- 
First Volume are alphabetically arranged. 



-«^fi , '*Rki^- 



Pl. 
2517 
2494 
2448 
2459 
2478 
2508 
2499 
2503 
2509 

2462 

2452 

2497 

2492 

2491 

2489 

2444 

2493 

2443 

2496 

2512 

2451 

2470 

2518 

2466 

2522 

2463 

2456 

2471 

2511 

2486 

2454 

2476 

2480 

2504 

2490 

2468 

2467 

2514 

2507 

2457 

2501 

2485 



Aloe, Narrow Sword-leaved. 

Alpinia, Demerara. 

Amethyst, Blue. 

Ammobium, Winged-stalked. 

Angelonia, Violet-flowered. 

Arum, Bulb-bearing. 

Aspidistra, Dingy-flowered. 

Astrapaea, Wallich's. 

Azalea, Double Rose-coloured 
Indian. 

Barbadoes -Cherry, Wedge- 
leaved. 

Basil, Hoary. 

Bay, Cluster- flowered. 

Bell-flower, Austrian. 

Bossiaca, Narrow-leaved. 

Bubon, lovage-leaved. 

Buckler's-mustard, Hispid. 

Centaury, Prickly-branched. 

Cissus, Five-leaved Brasil. 

Conanthera, Violet-flowered. 

Coreopsis, Arkansa. 

•■ Spear-leaved. 

Coriaria, New-Zealand. 

Cotyledon, Cross-leaved. 

Crinum, Dr. Carey's. 

—— Crowded-flowered, 

— . . , . , Lake. 

Cyrilla, Carolina. 

Cyrtanthus, Pale-flowered. 

Daisy, Large Portugal. 

Dalea, Changeable. 

Desmanthus, Long-twigged. 

Dorstenia, Arum-leaved. 

Entel6a, New-Zealand. 

Erinus, Phlox-like. 

Eucrosia, Particoloured. 

Everlasting, Nepal. 

Eulophia, Sierra Leone. 

Euphorbia, Keel-leaved. 
Fuchsia, Cross-branched. 
Globe-Tbistle, Upright. 

Guava, Purple-fruited. 
Habranthus, changeable. 



PI 

2464 Habranthus, Slender-leaved. 

2465 Heath, Trumpet-flowered. 

2445 Herpn's-bill, Gussone's. 
2469 Honeysuckle, Crimson-flower- 
ed, upright. 

2498 Indian-reed, Tuberous-rooted. 
2453 Ipecacuanha, White. 

2446 Ipomaea, Broad-leaved. 
2479 Job's-tears. 

2487 Justicia, Jointed-stalked. 

2505 Ixora, Bearded. 

2488 Kanguru-Vine. 

2475 Knight's -star -lily, Slightly 
bearded. 

2519 Lobeha, "Spal hula-leaved. 

2506 Lousewort, Canadian. 

2515 Mallow, Pimpernel-flowered. 

2441 Melastoma, Commerson's. 
2455 Momordica, Tuberculated. 
2513 Monarda, Dotted-flowered. 

2481 Nettle, Imbosoraed. 
2458 Nicandra, Physalis-like. 

2516 Ophrys, Black-spider, 

2442 Oxylobium, Tall. 

2483 Oxytropis, Hairy, 

2449 Phlomis, Rough-leaved. 

2460 Plectranthus, Ternate-leaved. 

2447 Protea, Broad-leaved great- 

flowered. 

2450 Rest HaTtowrSmaTI-leaved. 

2461 Rhipsalis, Glass-wort-like. 
2502 Sarcophyllum, Cape. 

2473 Savannah-flower, Nodding. 

2482 Saw-wort, One-flowered. 
2521 Schizanthus, Spreading. 

2474 Sedum, Houseleek-like. 
2495 Sida, EaT-stipuled. 

2520 Spurge, Scaly Finger-flowered. 
2510 Star of Bethlem, Narbonne. 

2484 Tobacco, Stem-clasping Ha* 

vannah. 
2477 Vernonia, Zig-zag. 
2472 Wormwood, Biennial. 
2500 Wulfenia, Cariuthian,