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Full text of "Curtis's botanical magazine."

I • u 

' W' CUR T I S' S 

Botanical Magazine; 



OR, 

FLOWER-GARDEN DISPLAYED: 

IN WHICH 

The most Ornamental Foreign Plants, cultivated in the Open 
Ground, the Green-House, and the Stove, are accurately 
represented in their natural Colours. 

TO WHICH ABE ADDED, 

Their Names, Class, Order, Generic and Specific Characters, according 

to the celebrated Linn^eus ; their Places of Growth, 

and Times of Flowering ; 

Together with the most approved Methods of Culture. 

A WORK 

Intended for the Use of such Ladies, Gentlemen, and Gardeners, as wish 
to become scientifically acquainted with the Plants they cultivate. 



By JOHN SIMS, M.D. 

Fellow of the Royal and Linnean Societies. 

VOL. LIL IP 
Being the Tenth of the New Series. 

The Flowers, which grace their native beds, 

Awhile put forth their blushing heads, 

But, e'er the close of parting day, 

They wither, shrink, and die away : 

But these, which mimic skill hath made. 

Nor scorched by suns, nor killed by shade, 

Shall blush with less inconstant hue, 

Which art at pleasure can renew. Lloyd. 

Hon&tnt: 

Printed by Edward Couchman, Throgmorton-Street. 

Published by Sherwood, Jones, & Co. 20, Paternoster- Row y 

And Sold by the principal Booksellers in Great-Britain and [rtland. 

IMDCCCXXV. 
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'■'r*l7SZi. 



( 2523 ) 

Calceolaria rugosa. Sage-leaved 
slipper-wort. 

Class and Order. 

DlANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 4-partitus. Cor. bilabiata : labium inferius infla- 
tum, calceiforme. Caps, semibivalvis : valvulis bifidis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Calceolaria rugosa; foliis lanceolatis insequaliter serra- 

tis glabris, pedunculis terminalibus di-trichotomis. 

Hooker Fl. Exot. 99. Vahl Enum. I. p. 188. Roem. 

ctSch. Syst. Veg. 1. p. 183. 
Calceolaria rugosa ; foliis lanceolatis bidentatis, petiolis 

connatis alatis, pedunculis dichotomis. FL Peruv. 1. 

p. 19. t. 28. /. b. 
Calceolaria integrifolia ; foliis indivisis. Syst. Veg. ed. 

13 ? nee edit. I*, vel Suppl. PI; rieque Sm. icon. 3. 
Calceolaria integrifolia. Bot. Reg. 744 ? 
Calceolaria salviae folio vulgo Chacaul. Feuill. Peruv. 3. 

p.l3.t.7.f.l. 
Calceolaria salviaefolia. Persoon. Syn. 1. p. 17. 



There is a considerable confusion in the synonyms of 
this species which we have taken some pains to elucidate. 
Whether Calceolaria rugosa and integrifolia of our gar- 
dens are really distinct species we will not take upon us 
positively to decide, we have seen plants under both these 
names at the Fulham nursery, and have been favoured 
with specimens of both by Mr. Milne ; but, although., 
when growing together, the eye could distinguish a some- 
what different aspect in the two, particularly that the 
colour of the flowers was somewhat paler in the latter. 

yet, 



yet, upon careful examination, we consider them as mere 
varieties. 

According to Sir James E. Smith, the C. integra of the 
13th edition of the Systema Vegetabilium, depends solely 
on the authority of Feuillee, and that the one described 
under that name by the younger Linn^us in the Supple- 
mentum Plantarum, from the Paris garden, and of which 
Sir James has given a figure in his icones, is totally differ- 
ent. To this latter he has since, in the new Systema Vege- 
tabilium of Roemer and Schultes, assigned the specific 
name of ovata instead of integrifolia which was given to 
it in the Icones. 

We have quoted the integrifolia of the Botanical Register 
with an expression of doubt, because it appears by the 
figure to be much more pubescent, a character which is 
extended even to the corolla. Our plant was free from all 
pubescence except a slight villosity on the upper branches, 
peduncles, and calyx; and the leaves, on the underside, 
are somewhat ferruginous ; but, after all, it may be re- 
marked, that cultivated plants, in general, are known to 
vary extremely in the degree of pubescence, which they 
may possess under spontaneous growth. 

The most remarkable feature in all the varieties of this 
plant is the globular form of the under lip, and the lid-like 
shape of the upper, and their meeting so near together as 
to leave only a narrow slit between them ; and the margin 
of the under lip being often crenulate, gives sometimes the 
resemblance of a grinning monkey -like mouth. 

Calceolaria is a very extensive South American genus, 
of which no fewer than fifty -five species are recorded; some 
of these, however, may be only varieties. Of this number 
only two seem to have been known to Linnaeus, viz. pin- 
nata and integrifolia. Since the discovery of so many 
more species, the latter name, which will apply to so many 
of them, may very well be suffered to become obsolete, 
otherwise our present plant has probably the best claim 
to it. 

Calceolaria rugosa is a native of Chili, appears to be 
annual, and to be propagated only by seeds. It was intro- 
duced into this country, with so many other plants from 
that country, through the agency of Francis Place, Esq. 

Our drawing was taken in June last, from a specimen 
communicated by Mr. Knight, of the exotic nursery, 
King's-road. 




Vi«JjJZ«.. 



( 2524 ) 

Ageratum mexicanum. Mexican 
Ageratum. 

******************** 

Class and Order. 
Syngenesia Polygamia Mqijalis. 

Generic Character. 

Receptaculum nudum. Pappus paleis 4-5, subaristatis 
(nunc coalitis obsoletisve). Cal. oblongus, duplici folio- 
lorum, subaequalium serie. Corollults 4-5-fidre. 



Specific Character. 

I 
olatis aristatis. 



Ageratum mexicanum; hispidum, foliis cordato-ovatis cre- 
natis rugosis, corymbo composite paleis pappi lance- 



Desc Stem hispid, when flowering, erect, but throwing 
out, near the base, procumbent sterile branches. Leaves 
generally opposite, petiolated, cordate-ovate, crenate, ru- 
gose, hairy. Flowers in a terminal, irregularly branched 
corymb, of a delicate blue colour. Calyx hemispherical : 
leaflets equal, tipped with red, hairy. Floscules tubular, 
with a 4- or sometimes 5-cleft border : anthers inclosed. 
btigmas very long, exserted. Seeds black, pointed at 
the base, angular. Palea 4 or 5, lanceolate, terminated 
with a bristle-like awn. Receptacle naked. 

Kaised by Mr. Tate, of the Sloane Street nursery, from 
seeds brought from Mexico by Mr. Bullock. 



1.2SA 




r.6~*,.j* «*J,/.4*,.wj w *,,„. IJiw 



y 



( 2525 ) 

LlMNOCHARIS PLUMIERI. PlUMIEr's LlM- 
NOCHARIS. 

Class and Order. 

POLYANDRIA PoLYGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 3-partitus. Petala 3. Filamenta plurima, exte- 
riora saepius sterilia. Capsular plurima}, uniloculars, poly- 
spermae. Semina reti capsularum parietem intus vestienti 
aflfixa, ferri equini instar flexa, transversim scabra. Albu- 
men o. Embryo liippocrepicus. Kunth. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Limnocharis Plumieri; foliis multinerviis, petiolis scapo- 

que triquetris, capsulis plurimis in globum digestis. 
Limnocharis Plumieri; foliis multinerviis ; petiolis scapo- 

que triangularis : ovariis 15 — 20, muticis ; stigmate 

postico. Richard in Mem. du Mus. d'Hist. Nat. 1. 

p. 374. t. 19 et 20. 
Limnocharis Plumieri; foliis emarginatis ; laciniis caly- 

cmis subaBqualibus; ovariis crebris. Kunth Synops. 

Plant. Mquin. 1. p. 260. 
Limnocharis emarginata. Humb. et Bonpl. PL Ma. 1. 

p. 116. t. 34. v H 

Alisma yfava ; foliis ovatis acutis, pedunculis umbellatis, 

fructu globoso. Sp. PL 486. 
Damasonium maximum plantaginis folio, flore flavescente, 

fructu globoso. Plum. ic. 115. 



•Jw C ' '.'Herb a vascular, lactescent, biennial ? aquatick, 
with fasciculated, fibrous roots. Leaves flat, oval, quite 
entire, but somewhat undulate, obtuse, very smooth, 
ntteen-nerved : lateral nerves approximate, terminated at 
the point with a largish pore, secreting water : Petiole three- 
sided, sheathing at the base, purple at the lower part, and 
?rfT at ^ e u PP er ' tw * ce as lon g as the leaf. Scape three- 
smed the length of the leaves, and like them, decumbent, 
purple, green at the top. Umbel 6-7-flowered (our draw- 
ing was unfortunately taken from a scape showing only a 

single 



single flower). Spathe of several bractes, which are oval, 
acuminate, membranaceous, one to each flower. Flowers 
yellow, pedunculated, opening at noon, and in the even- 
ing, at first erect, afterwards deflexed : Peduncles three- 
sided, enlarged upwards, with reddish angles. Calyx three- 
leaved, green : leaflets oval, concave, obtuse, opposed to 
the sides of the peduncle, after deflorescence conniving 
over the petals, in aestivation imbricate. Petals three, 
twice the size of the calyx, very thin, roundish, semidia- 
phanous, nerved, wrinkled, yellow, colour more intense at 
the base ; after deflorescence gradually rolled inwards "till 
they are inclosed within the calyx. Stamens very many, 
yellow, inserted into the disk in several rows, longer than 
the ovarium (germ en) ; Filaments ligular, outer ones ste- 
rile, inner ones perfect, connivent over the stigmas : An- 
thers, small, white, attached to the front of the filament, 
two-celled : cells approximate, bursting lengthwise. Pollen 
spherical, naked. Ovarium (Germen L.) oval, with sixteen 
streaks. Stigmas sixteen, sessile, radiating just in the same 
manner as in Nymph^a." Fruit (not quite ripe when ex- 
amined) globular marked, with the persistent stigmas in 
rays, easily separable into sixteen capsules or carpella, with 
membranous sides slightly connected together at the centre 
and more firmly at the base, when separated opening on 
the inner edge to discharge the seeds. Seeds oblong, sca- 
brous, bent like a horse-shoe, with the two ends meeting 
and united, attached to the membranous sides of the car- 
pella; according to M. Richard, the embryo takes the 
same horse-shoe form, 

We had no opportunity of examining this plant when 
growing, and are indebted for the above description to the 
kindness of Mr. Lindley for the use of his manuscript latin 
notes. These were taken before the formation of the fruit;,* 
but the communication, by the same gentleman, of a recent 
unripe fruit, enabled us to add the description of that also. 
The genus Limnocharis has been very properly detached 
from Alisma by Humboldt and Bonpland, from which it 
diners entirely in the number of stamens, and also in having 
numerous seeds, with a parietal insertion. In the latter 
character it resembles the genus Butomus. Alisma was 
placed by Jussieu in his natural order of Junci; but De 
Candolle established a family of AlismacecE, in which he 
has been followed by Mr. Robert Brown. M. Richard 
has again separated three genera, viz. Butomus, Hydro- 
cleys, and Limnocharis, and made of them a distinct fa- 
mily, to which he has applied the name of Butomece, an 
order adopted by Kunth, in his Synopsis. 

Drawn at the Horticultural Society's garden, in July last. 




fmi.lyS. Curbt.tr*.tinriKlm.2.MZt. 



( 2526 ) 
Heliophila stricta. Upright Heliophila. 

AjJHfefafaJHfc^l&jiMfcilfcjIsAjifcJlMifc^uii 

i* i* i* <i» 'it- m «p vninfnininininp^mnp 

C&zss cwc? Order. 

Tetradynamia Siliquosa. 

Generic Character. 

Siliqua integra vel moniliformis. Cotyledones incum- 
bentes curvatae (2-3-crures) lineares. Filamenta breviora 
basi extus dentata dum siliqua integra. Brown in Hort. 

Kew. 

Specific Character. 

Heliophila stricta; caule stricto, foliis pinnato-dentatis 
integrisque hirsutis, siliquis linearibus subtorulosis 
pubescentibus erectis clavato-mucronatis. 



Thirty-eight species of Heliophila, all natives of the 
Cape of Good Hope, are recorded by De Candolle, besides 
eight uncertain, yet we cannot find that the description of 
any one of them accords well with our plant. In many 
respects it agrees with coronopifolia, but that is described 
as smooth, whereas our plant is hairy in every part, ex- 
cepting only the corolla. Its place in De Candolle's sys- 
tem must be near to pilosa, in the fifth section, orthoselis, 
and first subdivision containing such as have herbaceous 
annual stems. 

A pretty annual. Native of the Cape of Good Hope. 
Mowers in August and September. Communicated by 
Messrs. Chandler and Buckingham, from their extensive 
nursery at Vauxhall. 



( 2527 ) 

Melodinus monogynus. East Indian 
Melodinus. 

,^i ^i -v .ss '. >v. . s^i .s fc ■ v i / i ■ v i / . .sfc . v i". >i\ ^v. &• ?v. >v- >V- •i'. 'V. 

C7«ss «wrf Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Contorta. Bacca bilocularis, polysperma. Faux co- 
rolla coronata. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Melodinus monogynus ; foliis ovato-oblongis acuminatis 
panicula terminali, laciniis corollae tubo longioribus. 

Melodinus monogynus ; foliis ovali-lanceolatis acuminatis, 
panicula glaberrima. Bot. Reg. 834. 

Melodinus monogynus. Carey Hort. Beng. p. 39. 



The genus Melodinus was first established by John R. 
and George Forster, in the Characteres generum of these 
learned travellers, from a species discovered by them in 
New Caledonia, to which they gave the name of Melo- 
dinus scandens. Our present subject, a native of Sylhet, 
in the East Indies, is supposed to differ from that species, 
in having but one style instead of two ; but as we had no 
opportunity of examining the fructification ourselves, we 
rely on the authority of Dr. Carey. 

On comparing our drawing with Forster's figure and 
description, we see no reason to doubt but Melodinus mo- 
nogynus and scandens belong to the same genus, whatever 
may be the state of the styles in the two species; the most 
remarkable difference in their flowers, beside that of size, 
which is much greater in our plant, is, that in scandens, 
the limb of the corolla is only half the length of the tube, 
whereas in monogynus the limb is longer than the tube, a 

circumstance 



circumstance we have taken advantage of in our specific 
character. The form, smoothness, and position of the fo- 
liage appear to be nearly alike in both. 

Our drawing was taken at the Fulham nursery, in July 
last; and, we are informed by Mr. Whitley, that this 
handsome shrub with many other rare plants, was brought 
over by his friend Captain Craigie, as a present from Dr 
Willich, of the Calcutta garden 

It requires to be kept in the stove. The blossoms are 
shewy and very fragrant, and, according to Dr. Roxburgh's 
account, the fruit is edible, the pulp being firm, sweet, and, 
in his opinion, agreeable : in appearance, he says, it re- 
sembles a small, smooth, deep-coloured orange. We have 
not the opportunity at present of examining the manu- 
scripts of Dr. Roxburgh, but were favoured by Mr Milne 
with the above memoranda, which he had extracted from 
them. 



( 2528 ) 
Iris longispatha. Lonc-spathed Flag. 

Class and Order. 

Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. 6-partita : laciniis alternis reflexis. Stigmata peta- 
liformia. 

Specific Character. 

Iris longispatha ; imberbis foliis lineari-lanceolatis falcatis 
scapo subtereti tortuoso, germinibus dodecagonis, spa- 
tha exteriori longissime attenuata. 

Iris longispatha. Fisher Mss. 



Descr. Leaves linear-lanceolate, drawn out to a very 
fine point, striate, falcate, between two and three feet long, 
half an inch wide in the middle. Scape nearly round, but 
a little flattened, twisted, about three flowered. Spathe 
three bractes : outer one nearly a foot long, very narrow, 
and attenuated at the end. Flowers about three. Pedun- 
cles long. Germen cylindrical, above an inch in length, a 
little twisted, with twelve furrows and twelve obtuse angles, 
the alternate ones most marked. Tube of the Corolla very 
short; upright petals obovate, with a long slender claw, 
violet coloured ; reflexed petals beautifully veined with 
blue, on a white ground tinged with yellow. Upper lip of 
the stig?nas deeply bifid ; lacinice rolled back, and serrulate : 
lower lip three lobed, middle lobe denticulate. Anthers 
violet coloured : Pollen white. 

Much deformity existed in all the flowers of this plant, 
so that it was impossible to find a perfect one to make 
the drawing from ; the twisting of the scape seeming to be 
continued into the germen, and even more or less into the 
different parts of the corolla. 

Our 



Our drawing was taken in July last, at the Chelsea Bo- 
tanic garden, where it was introduced by Dr. Fischer, 
director of the Imperial Botanic garden at St. Peters- 
burgh. 

It is a hardy perennial ; but although Dr. Fischer on his 
visit here last summer, informed us that he considered it as 
an undescribed species, to which he had attached the name 
of longispatha, we neglected to enquire of him of what part 
of the Russian dominions it was a native. 




N.25& 



( 2529 ) > 

Cynoglossum nitidum. Smooth Navel- 
wort or Hound' s-tongue. 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. infundibuliformis, fauce clausa fornicibus. Semina 
depressa, interiore tantum latere stylo affixa. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Cynoglossum nitidum; corollis rotatis, foliis lanceolatis 
acutis nitidis; radicalibus petiolatis; caulinis sessili- 
bus, seminibus urceolatis margine dentatis. Willd. 
Enum. 181. 

Cynoglossum lusitanicum; foliis lanceolatis glabris ad mar- 
gines nervosis utrinque viridibus, caule flaccido sub- 
simplici,, racemis paucifloris. Brot. tusit. 1. p. 296. 
nee lusitanicum LinnaM. 

Omphalodes nitida. Hoffmannseg et Link. p. 194. t. 25. 
ex Willd. Link. Enum. 1. p. 173. 

Omphalodes lusitanica elatior Cynoglossi folio. Tournef. 
Inst. 140. 

Picotia nitida; foliis oblongo-lanceolatis nervosis supra 
glabris nitidis subtus pubescentibus, inferioribus longe 
petiolatis; superioribus sessilibus. Roem. et Sch. Syst. 
Veg. 4. p. 84. 



Cynoglossum nitidum has a near affinity with Cynoglos- 
sum Omphalodes L. but is undoubtedly a distinct species. 
The synonym from Tournefort above quoted, has been 
usually applied to lusitanicum; but, according to Vahl, 
that is a totally different species., nearly allied to linifolium. 

In the present rage for multiplying genera, the old name 
of Omphalodes given by Tournefort has been revived, and 

because 



because all generic names terminating in oides are forbid- 
den by a rule of Linnaeus (Philosophia Bot. § 226 ), Roemeh 
and Schultes have substituted that of Picotu. But in 
our opinion, it is far better to retain the name of Cyno- 
glossum, and to divide the genus into sections, as De Can- 
dolle has in so many instances successfully done. 

For the opportunity of giving a drawing of this rare 
plant, we are indebted to our friend Robert Barclay, Esq. 
of Bury Hill, who communicated specimens of it in May 
last. The head gardiner Mr. David Cameron, informs us, 
that it was received from Portugal, and has been kept 
constantly out of doors. 

A hardy perennial. Native of Portugal, where it grows 
in moist shady woods and low vallies, but never in elevated 
situations. 



JfeM 




( 2530 ) 

JUSSIEUA OVALIFOLIA. OvAL- LEAVED 
JUSSIEUA. 

A ■Si'- r'fr. .-1 / . A &. Jt alt ■'fr. ait ■'St'. .St'. ajLjJuiMli j Jifc j ii 

MS VF Vr- Vf« Vr> ™ <f» *•> MS Vr» 1* V ™ Vp *F ™ ™ ™ 

C/ass and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. 4- s. 5-partitus, superus. Petala 4, s. 5. Caps 4- 
s. 5-locularis, oblonga, angulis dehiscens. Sem. numerosa, 
minuta. 

Specific Character. 

Jussieua ovalifolia ; caule erecto ramoso, ramis tetragonis 
subulatis foliis ellipticis acuminatis nervoso-venosis 
villosis, calycibus tetraphyllis ovatis acuminatis tri- 
nerviis hirtis. 



Desc. Stem upright, with alternate branches : Branches 
square: angles somewhat winged, hairy. Leaves alternate, 
elliptical with a short acumen, subsessile, villous, ribbed 
with parallel oblique veins, which inosculate near the 
margin. Germen sessile, axillary, solitary, square, hairy, 
an inch long, a little contracted upwards. Calyx superior, 
four-cleft: leaflets ovate, acuminate, three-nerved, hairy. 
Petals four, orbicular, quite entire, yellow, streaked with 
parallel greenish veins. Stamens eight : Anthers two-celled, 
inserted near the base into a short filament. Style erect : 
Stigma large, globular, with a cup-like margin at the 
base. 

Our figure represents one of the side branches, and, in 
outline, a leaf from the main stem. 

Communicated in July last, by our friend Robert Bar- 
clay, Esq. of Bury Hill, who raised it from seeds received 
from Madagascar, under the name of villosa; but it cannot 
be the villosa of Lamarck, nor suffruticosa of Linnaeus, we 
nave therefore considered it to be an undescribed species. 



( 2531 ) 

Crinum arenarium (3.) Blush-coloured 
Sand Crinum. 

■Sti »Sfc .Sk jfc A A jit . v t , « jfci A j^. i'I'i .Sl^ .J*! .Sfc A A j'A'i 
.f** vf> vj»* Tpr vfr "?jr vf> vflr ?(? vis," ^j? "^ Vj-. •%•.' '& '/[? ■%?'%? 

Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — Vide No. 2292 et No. 2463. 



Specific Character. 

Crinum arenarium (|3) pedunculis longioribus, filamcntis 

albis, stigmate minutiore, limbo extus erubescente. 
Crinum arenarium (a) Vide supra 2355. W. H. 



The specimen from which our figure of this variety of 
Crinum arenarium was taken, flowered at the nursery of 
of Mr. Knight, in the King's Road, Chelsea, in July 1822. 
It differs from the water island variety, No. 2355, in having 
longer peduncles, white filaments, the stigma much smaller, 
and the petals tinged with red on the outside. This species 
is particularly distinguishable, by a style longer than the 
hmb, filaments much shorter and conniving before they 
collapse, a pedunculated germen very short and almost, 
round, and an ovate bulb, of which the old coats are of a 
brownish straw colour. The filaments are knobbed at. 
jneir insertion. The appearance of the foliage produced 
" v the same bulb is very variable. 

Native of the coast of Australia and the adjacent islands 
within the tropics. W. H. 



X.ZSl 



( 2532 ) 

Pergularia sanguinolenta. Bloody- 
juiced Pergularia. 

******************** 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Digynia. 

Generic Character. 

Asclepiadea. Masses pollinis laeves, 10, erectae. Anthera 
membrana terminates. Corona staminum 5-phylla: foliolis 
cornpressis apice indivisis, intus lacinula auctis. Cor. hy- 
pocrateriformis tubo urceolato. Brown in Hort. Kew. 

Specific Character. 

Pergularia sanguinolenta ; foliis ovato-lanceolatis glaber- 
rimis petiolatis, cymis multifloris folio brevioribus, 
corollae laciniis acuminatis obtusis, succo sanguineo. 
Lindley in Hortic. Trans, v. 5. inedit. 



As we had no opportunity of examining the plant itself 
we can give no farther description of it than what is af- 
forded ^y the drawing, and the above specific character 
kindly communicated by Mr. Lindley. The blood-co- 
loured sap is a remarkable character in this species. 
, u 1 dr . aw ing was taken in August 1823, at the garden of 
tne Horticultural society at Chiswick, where it was raised 
from seeds brought from Sierra Leone, by Mr. George 
Don, in 1822. 

it is a climber, and being a native of a tropical climate 
squires to be cultivated in rhe stove. 



( 2533 ) 

Hamelia patens. Spreading, scarlet 
Hamelia. 

****************** 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 
Cor. 5-fida. Bacca 5-iocularis, infera, polysperma. 
Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Hamelia patens; racemis terminalibus coloratis, foliis ter- 
ms villoso-pubeseentibus. Swartz Obs. p. 77. Willd. 
Sp. PL 1. p. 980. Hort. Kew. ed. ait. 1. p. 375. Sm. 
Exot. Bot. 1. p. 45. t. 24. 

Hamellia patens; racemis patentibus. Sp. PI. 246. Ex- 
cluso synonymo Pltimieri. Jacq. Amer. p. 72. t. 50. 

Hamelia patens; foliis subtus tomentosis, tubo corolla? 
cylindrico. L'Herit. Sert. Angl. p. 4. 

Hamelia patens ; ramis sulcatis, foliis ternis quaternis ob- 
longo-lanceolatis pubescentibus, floribus cymosis se- 
cundis. Flor. Peruv. 2. p. 68. t. 221 / a. 

Hamellia coccinea. Swartz Prodr. p. 46. 

Duhamelia patens. Persoon Syn. 1. p. 203. Roem. ct 
Sch. Syst. Veg. 5. p. 265. 

Periclymenum aliud arborescens, ramulis inflexis, flore 
corallino. Plum. Ic. p. 212. t. 218. /. 2. 

This genus was named by Jacouin in honour of H. L. 
Duhamel du Monceau, author of several works on trees and 
agricultural subjects, and Persoon, correctly enough, 
changed the name to Duhamelia, as more consonant to 
that of the author ; but as the genus has been generally 
known by the name of Hamellia, or Hamelia, we have 
thought it right to retain the latter. 

Descr. Branches rounded, clothed with a soft pubes- 
cence, of a deep red colour. Leaves growing by threes, 

of 



of unequal size, ovate-acuminate, younger ones villous on 
both sides, older ones tomentose underneath and smoothish 
above. Flowers in a terminal compound cyme. Peduncles 
villous, red. Calyx campanulate, 5-toothed, persistent, 
apparently semi-superior, being firmly adherent to the 
lower half of the germen, but the upper half of the germen 
projects beyond it. Corolla of a scarlet colour: tube an 
inch long ; five-angled ; at first yellow, but soon turning red; 
limb 5 -cleft, four times shorter than tube. Stamens five : 
Filaments inserted into the melliferous base (not the middle) 
of the tube : anthers two-celled, atfixed to the internal 
face of the filaments : pollen yellow. Germen fleshy, nearly 
globose, 5-celled : ovules many, affixed to a central re- 
ceptacle : style shorter than the stamens : stigma simple. 
Berry we have not seen ; but as half the germen projects 
beyond the cup of the calyx, if the berry is really crowned 
by this (as is described) the lower part must increase dis- 
proportionately to the upper. 

A fine shrub ; native of St. Domingo, Jamaica, and of 
the hot woods at the base of the Andes, in Peru ; requires 
to be kept in the stove, where it flowers in August. Com- 
municated by Mrs. Walker, Arno's Grove, Southgate. 







u 




f*i lyj. .irf».r.iw^*. Bb-iisi*. 



( 2534 ) 
Cyrtanthus Striatus. Striated Cyr- 

TANTHUS. 

****************** 

Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Scapus cavus. Tubus inferne curvatus, arctus ; superne 
infundibuliformis aut ventricosus, amplus. Lacinice breves, 
alternae aequales. Filamenta tubo* infra faucem (alterna 
profundius) inserta. Stigma trilobum. Capsula erecta, 
ovalis, trivalvis, trilocularis. Semina cumulata, compla- 
nata, testacea. 

Planted africance, bulbo ovato, foliis bifariis. 

Specific Character. 

Cyrtanthus striatus; bulbo fusco, sesquiunciali ; foliis 
pedalibus, utrinque attenuatis, viridibus, infra rubro 
maculatis; scapo 8-unciali; rubescente; spatha 1|- 
unciali, bracteata rubescente, apice viridiore acuto; 
pedunculis subuncialibus, rubris, apice curvatis ; ger- 
mine viridi, rubro maculato; tubo cemuo, miniato, 
luteo striato, costis inter filamenta decurrentia munito; 
limbo luteo, reflexo; stylo incurvato, lutescente, limbo 
et filamentis longiore, stigmate trifido ; antheris bre- 
vibus, rectis, polline aureo. W. H. 



Descr. Bulb brown, an inch and half long, or more ; 
leaves about a foot long, attenuated at both ends, the point 
not quite acute ; scape reddish, about eight inches high ; 
spathe one and a quarter long, reddish, greener and acute 
at the point ; peduncles less than an inch long, red ; germen 
green, tinged with red ; tube cernuous, scarlet, striped with 
yellow, ribbed longitudinally within, from the points where 
the laciniaB unite ; limb yellow, reflex ; style curved down- 
wards 



wards from above,, yellowish, longer than the filaments and 
limb ; stigma trifid ; anthers short, straight, rigid ; filameuts 
not adhering as in Vallota ; but inserted between the ribs, 
and decurrent ; those of the inner petals nearly as long as 
the limb, the point of the anther projecting beyond; those 
of the outer, shorter, and inserted a little higher. Our 
figure represents the inflorescence at two periods ; the first 
flower never nodded, the others nodded before their ex- 
pansion ; and theirs is probably the true posture of the 
flower. It flowered in July, in the green-house, at Spof- 
forth. This plant belongs to the group which stands under 
the name Monella in our Appendix. We have described 
it under the name Cyrtanthus agreeably to the wish ex- 
pressed by the editor, supra p. 2471, that the name, which 
properly belongs to Cyrtanthus Obliquus, should be pre- 
served to the larger division. We conceive, however, that 
where no great inconvenience results, plants improperly 
added to a genus should be detached, under a new name, 
and not supplant the species on which it was founded. This 
species, however, brings Cyrtanthus and Monella nearer 
together, being ribbed between the filaments, though its 
ribs are straight ; whereas in C. obliquus they are oblique, 
and coalesce, and the filaments inserted in them. The cha- 
racter above given, using the words infra faucem instead of 
prope faucem, will include C. obliquus with Monella ; the 
main difference in C. obliquus, besides the oblique ribs, is, 
the insertion of the filaments in the mid region of the tube, 
which, in Monella (appendix), are inserted nearer to its 
mouth; and we do not feel quite satisfied that either of 
these points furnishes an invariable generic character, as 
the filaments are not inserted precisely at the same depth 
in all the species of Monella. Amongst the Amaryllideae 
the insertion of the filaments within, or without, or at the 
exact termination of the tube, the insertion equally, or al- 
ternately, or at graduated depths, furnishes a decisive ge- 
neric feature ; but the greater or less distance from the 
mouth is indefinite, and may vary in different species. C 
striatus was imported from the Cape, by the late Mr. Lee, 
and sold by him to many persons, labelled Amaryllis falcata, 
by the error of the collector. It was supposed at first to 
be a species of Vallota. Vallota purpurea has the capsule 
oval like Cyrtanthus. W. H. 



I 





Puh. ly.S.CL*rttS.W*l* v *ff i .ZrtlZSZ± 



( 2535 ) 

Paliurus Virgatus. Nepal Christ s- 
Thorn. 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Trigynia. 

Generic Character. 

Calyx urceolatus; basi persistente. Petala 5, staminibus 
opposita. Capsula supera, coriacea, 3-locularis, clausa, 
margine dilatato. Semina sjlitaria. Smith Fl. Grace. 3. 
p. 34. 

Specific Character. 

P. virgatus, ramulis glabris, foliis oblique cordatis ellipti- 
cisve acutis trinerviis lucidis, fructus ala integerriina, 
caule erecto. Don Prodr. Ft. Nepal, p. 189. 



Dbscr. A branching upright shrub, from six to ten 
feet high. Stem about the thickness of one's finger, covered 
with a lead-coloured bark. Branches numerous, divided, 
spreading horizontally. Branchlets slender, drooping. 
Leaves alternate, drooping, ovate or elliptical, most fre- 
quently with an unequally -cordate base, thin, quite smooth 
on both sides, shining above, paler, or slightly glaucous 
below, furnished with three nerves and with numerous 
lateral veins, from one to two inches long, and from half 
an inch to an inch in width : margins finely toothed. Pe- 
tioles semicylindrical, slightly hairy, about half an inch 
Jong. Stipules two, at first small ; but afterwards passing 
mto two unequal, firm, shining thorns ; the larger one 
straightish, awl-shaped, half an inch to an inch long, with 
a thickened base; the smaller one recurved, and thrice 
shorter. Cymes axillary, solitary, forked, on a short pe- 
duncle, about the length of the petioles. Flowers from 

nine 



nine to eighteen,, small, greenish yellow, on very short 
partial footstalks. Calyx 5-cleft: divisions half-ovate, 
acute, broadish, green. Petals obovate, concave, yellow, 
furnished with a claw somewhat shorter than the divisions 
of the calyx, with which they alternate stamens opposite 
the petals, inserted into the broad, green, fleshy disk: 
filaments short, awl-shaped, greenish : anthers round, 
yellow. Styles three, very short, upright, united at the 
base. Stigmas small, obtuse. Fruit dry, spherical, placed 
on the persistent calyx, surrounded at the top by a broad 
leafy wing, with an entire straight margin. Nut 3-celled, 
3-seeded, imbedded in, and completely concealed by the 
enlarged disk. 

Paliurus virgatus is a native of Upper Nepal, from 
whence it was introduced to our gardens a few years ago, 
by seeds received from Dr. Wallich. We do not, how- 
ever, find it recorded among the Nepalese species of Zizy- 
phus described in the second volume of the Flora Indica. 
The plant, from which our drawing was taken, is growing in 
the Botanic garden, Chelsea. It is now six feet high, and 
produced flowers for the first time in this country, in August 
and September last. It is perfectly hardy. Its drooping 
branches, and shining green leaves render it a pleasing- 
object in the shrubbery. The Paliurus vulgaris, very in- 
aptly named australis by Gartner, is essentially distin- 
guished from our plant, by its decumbent stem, pubescent 
branches, the leaves never cordate at the base, its more 
numerous flowers, and lastly by the wing of the fruit hav- 
ing an uneven crenated margin. The proper place for 
Paliurus in the Linnean System is evidently Pentandria 
Trigyma, and not Pentandria Monogynia. 

For the above article we are entirely indebted to Mr. 
David Don, who has now in the press an account of the 
plants of Nepal. 



The margin of the wing is at first perfectly even, but when removed 
from the parent plant soon becomes corrugate. 



( 2536 ) 

Clerodendrum macrophyllum. Broad 
leaved Clerodendrum. 

Class and Order. 

DlDYNAMIA ANGIOSPERMIA. 

Specific Character. 

Cat. 5-fidus, (nunc 5-dentatus) Cor. tubo cylindrico; 
limbo 5-partito, paten ti, laciniis subaequalibus. Stam. juxta 
laucem inserta, exserta, adscendentia : antherarum loculis 
parallelis. Bacca pyrenis 4, monospermis. Brown. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Clerodendrum macrophyllum; foliis lato-ovatis acumi- 
nata serratis subsessilibus subtus tomentosis, floribus 
paniculatis, calycibus quinque-dentatis, corollis la- 
biatis. 



It appears, from the observations of Mr. Robert Brown, 
to be very doubtful if there are any real distinctive cha- 
racters between Volkameria and Clerodendrum, and most, 
1 not all, of the species which were once referred to the 
tormer genus, have been more lately united to the latter. 
yome species however, of which our present subject is one, 
fitter remarkably from others, in the greater irregularity of 

e Cor olla : these may perhaps hereafter be formed into a 
separate genus. 

Our plant has a near affinity with Volkameria serrata 

Linn^us, but differs in having opposite leaves, tomen- 

ose underneath. One of the specimens united with that 

_ pecies in the Banksian Herbarium appears to agree nearly 

itn our plant, but another with much narrower leaves in 
w'th^k 6 c P llection agrees better in the form of its leaves 
ha III Linnean character, and we think that both can 

rdI y °e united under the same species. In the Lambertian 

Herbarium 



Herbarium is a specimen of Volkameria serrata, on the 
authority of Dr. Francis Hamilton,, which has its leaves 
growing by threes, and branches less decidedly quadrangu- 
lar than in our plant : this is evidently the same as the 
Tsjerom-Theka of the Hortus Malabaricus vol. 4. t. 29. 
But in our present subject, besides the above-mentioned 
difference in the leaves,, and more decidedly quadrangular 
branches, the fifth lacitiia of the corolla is more different 
from the other four, forming a labellum distinct in colour 
and form. 

Clerodendrum belongs to the natural order of Verbenacea 
of Jussieu and Brown, formerly called Vitices in the Genera 
Plantarum of the former author. 

Our drawing was taken from a specimen communicated 
last August, by Robert Barclay, Esq. of Bury Hill, who 
raised it from seeds received from the Mauritius. Requires 
to be kept in the stove. 




Ai *)liutMlf^lmtrtUmiUAS 



( 2537 ) 

Zephyranthes rosea. Rose-colored 
Zephyranthes. 

Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Scapus cavus. Germen suberectum. Flores semipa- 
tentes, suberecti. Lacinice alternae dispares. Tubus arc- 
tus, anguste infundibuliformis. Stylus declinatus. Stigma 
trilobum: Filarnenta laciniarum basi inserta, divaricata; 
alterna disparia, superius saepissime sejuiictum. Anthera 
infra medium affixae. Capsula erecta, trivalvis, triloba, 
tnsulca, trilocularis. Semina complanata biseriatim cumu- 
lata, testa nigra. 

Plantce Occidentals, bulbis parvulis ovatis, foliis line- 
aribus, scapis 1 — 2-floris pedunculatis, spathis in unifloris 
oilobis, in bifloris bifidis. 

Specific Character. 

Zephyranthes rosea; foliis humifusis, glabris, apice rotun- 
datis, scapo unifloro 3 — 4-unciali longioribus ; pedun- 
culo spatha unciali biloba subrubescente longiore, 
viridi; germine et tubo brevibus viridibus; laciniis 
roseis, inferne viridibus; interioribus angustioribus et 
filamentis brevioribus appositis ; stylo robusto laciniis 
vix breviore, filamentis longiore ; s*igmate lobis pa- 
tentibus; antheris linearibus, suberecte incumben- 
tibus. 

z EPHYRANTHEi rosea. Bot. Reg. 821. 



Our specimen of this plant was produced in the stove at 
^Pofforth, in the first week of August. Bulbs found by 
t . George Don, at the Havannah, were brought home by 
nim for the Horticultural Society, in whose garden they 

flowered 



flowered for the first time in June. In the definition of the 
genus Zephyranthes in the Botanical Register, under the 
article above quoted, we find " Perianthium verticale." It 
is however stated in the same article, that the flowers 
" have a vertical, or nearly vertical position/' As far 
as our observations extend, the flowers in this genus are 
always nearly vertical, but never actually so. In our 
first definition of the genus, in the Appendix, we stated, 
that the germen and tube were not continued in a straight 
line from the peduncle. In the character of the genus in 
this article we have used the word suberecti, which will 
be more correct than verticales. The capsule is vertical, 
and the germen becomes so when the seed begins to set. 
The anthers are not attached at the base and erect, but 
attached below the middle and sloped. TV. H. 



a. The ripe and bursting capsule. 
h. A ripe seed. 




KllySt^. W.^^,/^2 



( 2538 ) 

Pancratium Zeylanicum. One- flowered 
Pancratium, or Sea-daffodil. 

Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Bulbus tunicatus. Scapus solidus. Spatha bifida vel 
latere uno dehiscens. Germen triloculare,, trigone oblon- 
gum, subsessile vel breviter pedunculatum. Tubus sub- 
trigo-ne cylindricus. Corona staminifera. Filamenta rigida, 
conniventia, alterna aequalia. Antherce breves, suberectae, 
medio fere affixae. Stigma simplex aut trigonum. Ovula 
biseriatim alternantia, complanata, cumulata. Semina 
testa nigra. Plantce Europece, Asiatics, Africance. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Pancratium Zeylanicum; uniflorum, bulbo ovato; foliis 
lorato-lanceolatis ; spatha integra ; laciniis tubo lon- 
gioribus, inferne coronae adhaerentibus, superne revo- 
lutis; stylo staminibus longiore; stigmate simplici; 
germine subsessili. 

Pancratium Zeylanicum Linn. Sp. PL ed. 2. 1. 417. Willd. 
Sp. PL 2. 41. Hort. Kew.ed. 2. v. 2. p. 218. Ker in 
J Sc. and A. 3. 317. Bot. Reg. 479. 

Pancratium tiaraeflorum. Par ad. Lond. 86. 

Narcissus Zeylanicus. Herm. Lugdb. 691. t. 693. Corn- 
met. Hort. Amst. 1. 73. t. 38. 

wuum Javanicum. Rumph. Amb. 6. 161. t. 70. fig. 2. 

Native of Ceylon, slightly fragrant. Our specimen flow- 
ered in July, in the stove at Spoftbrth, where, although it 
aw not ripen its seeds, they were sufficiently advanced to 
n7 V hat the fructification conforms closely with that of 
;. e European species. The genus was founded on P. man- 
timum, and, in removing the discordant mass that has been 
a «ded to it; the name must remain to the true congeners of 
uiat species, which belong to Europe, Asia, and Africa. 
'■ maritimum. 2. canariense. 3. illyricum. 4. verecun- 
«um (which is both bifiorum and trifiorum of Roxb.) 5. 

zeylanicum. 



zeylanicum. 6. longijlorum, Roxb. If there be such a 
plant distinct from the two latter, which is very doubtful, 
it is not known now at Calcutta. 7. Probably, maximum, 
Forskal. fi. Mg. ar. 72. Pancratium has filaments stiff 
and conniving; anthers short, attached near the middle; 
ovules flat, attached to the inner corner of the cell, inter- 
lapping horizontally in two rows ; seeds covered with a 
black shell. Hymenocallis, which belongs to America, 
has filaments lax, anthers long, attached nearer one end, 
ovules fewer, oblong, ovately cylindrical, attached to the 
lower part of the cell, erect; seeds large, oblong, rounded, 
fleshy, with a green inseparable skin, like an apple. Is- 
mene has the tube a little curved ; filaments short, three 
nodding into' the cup, three conniving and crossing each 
other; seeds large, green, fleshy, globular. The editor 
of the Botanical Register lately figured Stenomesson ^atfww 
of our Appendix (Pancratium Ruiz and Pavon) under the 
name Chrysophiala, adding to the genus our Carpodetes 
and Leperiza. If our character appeared to limit the ge- 
nus by an insignificant feature, our name might have been 
justly rejected; but there is no ground for substituting 
another founded on the same feature with the same mean- 
ing and limitation. Stenomesson means narrowest in the 
middle, referring to the form of the tube ; Chrysophiala is 
explained to mean a gold- coloured hour-glass, with refer- 
ence to the same feature, a name otherwise objectionable, 
since phiala is not an hour-glass, and only one of the known 
species is yellow. The editor has not even noted to which 
of the three genera quoted from our Appendix the plant 
belongs, and adds, that he cannot comprehend our refine- 
ments. The three genera are, however, named from three 
important features in which they differ, and cannot be con- 
founded. Stenomesson having the tube constricted and 
narrowest in the middle ; Carpodetes having the germen 
and fruit constricted in the middle. Leperiza having nei- 
ther of those features, but the bulb scaly like a martagon. 
Carpodetes and Leperiza are as much excluded from the 
genus Chrysophiala, as defined in the Botanical Register, as 
they were from our Stenomesson, since Chrysophiala is 
there defined as having ' ' the tube above and below broader, 
constricted near the middle," and *' filaments straight and 
erect:" Carpodetes, as represented by Ruiz and Pavon, 
has the lower part of the tube slender and cylindrical ; 
Leperiza has the tube broadest at bottom and narrowest 
at the mouth, and the filaments sinuosely curved. W. H- 

{a.) Represents one of the cells after the ovules had been some tintf 
fertilized, b. One of the ovules, in an advanced state, magnified. 



( 2539 ) 

Gloriosa virescens. Greenish-flow- 
ered Gloriosa. 

Class and Order. 

Hexandria Monogynia. 

* 

Generic Character. 
Cor. 6-petala, undulata, reflexa. Stylus obliquus. 
Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Gloriosa virescens; foliis cirrhiferis, pedunculis pendu- 
lis, petalis unguiculatis apioe undulati*. 

Gloriosa virescens. Lindley Mss. 

Gloriosa superba ? |3. petalis subovatis, vix undulatis. 
Lam. Encycl. 4. p. 133. 



We have no doubt but this is a distinct species from 
Gloriosa superba, not only from the different colour and 
smaller size of the flowers, but because the petals, though 
retlexed in the same manner, spread more, and are not 
undulated, except towards the point ; whereas in superba 
the margins are undulated the whole length, and the petals 
Jjje quite erect and not recurved at the point, as in this. 
1 he peduncles in our plant point downwards, and are not 
curved at the end, as in superba ; but perhaps this may 
depend upon the position of the stem. 

* he plant described as a doubtful variety of superba, by 
amarck, answers very well to our present subject, and 
eame likewise from Africa, being brought by M. Adanson 
irom Senegal. 

His description, probably taken from a dried specimen, 

s as follows : "The leaves resemble those of the common 

ll nosa, and are in like manner terminated by a tendril. 

ah!? e f ° Und no different except in the flowers, which are 

ut one-third part smaller, and are remarkably wider, 

indeed, 



indeed, nearly oval, or rather slightly ovoid, acuminate, 
entire, scarcely undulated, about two inches in length, 
and nine lines in breadth. The peduncles are in ge- 
neral shorter than the leaves." 

Our drawing was taken at the Horticultural Society's 
garden, in August last, from a plant sent by Mr. John 
Forbes, from Mosambique, in 1823. 




I2M 



( 2540 ) 

GOODYERA PUBESCENS. £. mmOT. SmALLEK. 

Pubescent Goodyera. 






Class and Order. 

Gynandria Monandria. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. ringens : petalis exterioribus anticis labello inferne 
gibboso superne indiviso suppositis. Columna libera. Pol- 
len angulatum. Brown in Hort. Kew. 5. p. 197. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 
♦ 
Goodyera pubescens ; foliis radicalibus ovatis, labello 
ovato accuminato, petalis ovatis. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 
5 p. 195. LiMey Collect. Bot. 25. 
(*•) scapo pedali, foliis nitide pictis oblongo-ovatis. 
(p) minor, scapo spithamceo, foliis obscurius pictis brevi- 
oribus. 

Descr. Radical leaves five-nerved ; ovate, acute, dark 
green tessellated with white bars : petioles sheathing the 
scape and one another. Scape erect, not at all twisted, 
Pubescent, not six inches in length, clothed with alternate, 
linear bractes, or cauline leaves, somewhat twisted round 
Jne scape, the lowermost one broadest and tessellated like 
|* e .radical leaves. Flowers white, scentless ? in a long- 
straight spike, not secund. Bractes lanceolate, concave, 
°ne to each flower, equalling the germen, which is pubes- 
cent, obsoletely three-cornered, with a projecting dorsal 
nb > a little incurved. The two superior internal petals 
connive so as, to form a galea ; the two lateral petals are 
Patent, and equal to the labellum, which is concave above, 
* n Q acuminate. Pollen masses 2-lobed : lobes nearly glo- 

Mr. Robert Barclay received this plant from New York 
a new species; but, as far as we could discover, it differs 

from 



from pubescens in size only, except that the leaves were 
somewhat less oblong, and with more obscure marking 
from the white colour being less clear. 

Goodyera is a genus established by Mr. Brown; and 
a comparison of the excellent figures in Mr. Lindley's 
Collectanea, (Tab. 25 and 30) seem satisfactorily to con- 
firm the propriety of separating it from Neottia 

It is a hardy perennial, and flowered in the open ffround, 
at Bury Hill, m May last. 



L 



( 2541 ) 

AVATERA HISPIDA. HAIRY LiAVATERA. 

Class and Order. 

MONADELPHIA PoLYANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. duplex : exterior trifidus. CapsuUe plurimae mono- 
spermy. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Lavatera hispida; caule fruticoso pilis fasciculatis hispido, 
foliis subcanescentibus quinquelobis ; summis trilobis 
aut indivisis, floribus subsessilibus., involucello (calyce 
exteriore) tripartito maximo hirsutissimo. De Cand. 
Prodr. Syst. Veg. Nat. 1. p. 438. 

Ijavatera hispida; caule fruticoso piloso., pilis fasciculatis, 
foliis superis hastato-trilobis, floribus sessilibus soli- 
tariis, calycibus hirsutissimis. Desfont. atl.2. p. 118. 
*• 171. p ers , Syn. 2. p. 252. Pair. Encyclop. Bot 
Huppl. 3. p. 309. . 

1j avatera hispida. Willd. Sp. PL 3. p. 793. excluso for- 
san synonymo Cavan. 

^avatera olbia. Poir. Voy. en Barb. 204. 



M- Poir^t, in his travels in Barbary, first observed this 
t * v an .^ to °^ '* f° r a mere variety of Lavatera olbia, 
in h i? ** ^ ears a & reat resemblance ; but Desfontaines, 

nis Flora Atlantica, considers it as a distinct species. 

tin F c Ut does not exa ctly correspond with the descrip- 

con S - ? - either of those authors ; but the chief difference 
as «T? ln tne flowers being sometimes aggregate as well 

of th v?' anc * so tnev are also i' e P reSented m tne n g ure 
scrinf a Atlantica , though not mentioned in the de- 

Hort S i? pecies is n ot recorded in the last edition of the 
18 Ke wensis, but occurs in Sweet's Hortus suburba- 



ns 



nus. Native of the coast of Barbary, in the kingdom of 
Algiers. Flowers in July and August. Communicated 
by N. S. Hodson, Esq. from the botanic garden at Burj 
St. Edmunds. It is a very handsome shrub, growing to 
the height of five or six feet, and, as we are informed by 
John Denson, the intelligent curator of the garden, "thrives 
well, trained againt a south or east wall, but will not stand 
a severe winter unprotected/' 



( 2542 ) 

Phlomis lunarifolia. /3. Russeliana. Rus- 
sell's Honesty-leaved Phlomis. 

jk &. jfri &. &. jfr. jfr. A A JJ". A ■'I'r i^i •J'i ■'fri ,4* i^ nlfc 'frr 

Class and Order. 

DlDYNAMIA GyMNOSPERMIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. 5-gonus, 5-dentatus. Corollce galea incumbens, 
carinato-compressa, barbata, emarginata v. incisa; lab. 
inferius proportionatum : lobo medio majore. Stigma 
labio superiore breviore. Brown in Hort. Kew. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Phlomis lunarifolia ; foliis cordatis crenatis subtus tomen- 
tosis, bracteis ovato - lanceolatis fasciculato - ciliatis 
mucronatis. Smith Prodr. Fl. Grac. 1. />. 414. 

Phlomis samia herbacea, lunariae folio. Tournef. Cor. 10. 

(P-) Russeliana, bracteis lineari-lanceolatis, verticillis dis- 
tantibus. 

Phlomis Russeliana. Lagasca Mss. 

Herb^i venti forte varietas floribus luteis. Russell Alepp 2. 
P- 269. t. 16. 

The stem of this plant is square, with the angles round- 
ed; leaves large, cordate, crenate, hairy, though green, on 
the upper surface, white-tomentose and very rugose-veined 
°h the under ; in form they are not unlike those of Lu- 
naria redeviva, or common Honesty ; the Bractes, which 
? re described by Sir James E. Smith as ovate-lanceolate, 
m our specimens, though somewhat dilated at the base, 
are very narrow, but clothed as he describes with fascicu- 
lated hairs; the calyx and colour of the corolla also cor- 
respond with his description. Our friend Mr. Lambert is 
confident that this plant is the Phlomis lunarifolia of the 
f'rodromus florae graecae ; but the eminent Spanish botanist, 
* Lagasca, now an unfortunate exile in this country, con- 
siders 



siders it as distinct. Without an opportunity of compar- 
ing our plant with the specimens collected by Dr. Sib- 
thorpe, it is difficult to determine the question ; but what 
leads us to doubt whether it be really the lunarifolia of 
Smith, is the state of the Bractes, which, from a careful 
examination of the living specimens, we think could not 
be described as ovate-lanceolate, much less could they be 
called wide (latae). We have thought it safest therefore, 
to avoid multiplying species unnecessarily, to steer a mid- 
dle course, by considering it as a variety. But should it 
hereafter be determined to be a distinct species, Lagasca's 
name Russeliana will be very appropriate, as we have no 
doubt but that it is the same species of which Dr. Russell 
has given a figure in his history of Aleppo, and which he 
thought might perhaps be a yellow flowered variety of 
Phlomis Herba venti. 

A hardy perennial. Communicated by A. B. Lambert, 
Esq. m June last. We received a specimen of the same 
species m July 1820, from Mr. Kent, late of Clapton, in 
whose garden it was perhaps first seen in this country, but 
trom whence he received it is uncertain. 




r»» i,v-»»,»*«*./»jaii 



( 2543 ) 

Caladium bicolor. Two-coloured 
Caladium. 

Class and Order. 

MoN(ECIA POLYANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Masc. Cal. o. Cor. o. Anthera peltatae, multilocu- 
lares, in spicam ad apices spadicis composite? . 

r em. Cal. o. Cor. o. Germina ad basin spadicis iu- 
serta. Stylus o. Bacca 1-locularis, polysperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Caladium bicolor ; acaule, foliis peltatis cordato-sagittatis 
disco coloratis, spadice spatha cucullata medio con- 
tracta breviore. Willd. Sp. PI. 4. p. 488. Hort. Kew. 
edit. alt. 5. p. 311. 

Caladium bicolor; foliis peltatis sagittatis disco coloratis, 
spatha erecta basi subglobosa medio coarctata apice 
ovato-acuminata. Venten. Cels. 30. t. 30. 

Attw bicolor; acaule, foliis peltatis sagittatis disco col o- 
^j spatha medio coarctata basi subglobosa, lamina 
subrotimda acuminata erecta subconvoluta. Hort. 
A«o. erf. /— Bot. Mag. supra, 820. 



no! a ^° Ve pIant navin » been communicated to us as a 
g species, we unfortunately did not discover that we had 

tilhvf g,Ven a fi S ure of Jt > under tne name of Arum ^ co ^ r ' 

f^ £ e whole impression was struck off, and coloured so 
jj*t it was too late to stop the publication. 

Vrl e f e,lus Caladi ^ m was very properly separated from 
*, by M. Ventenat. At the time of our publishing 
account of this plant we had not seen the valuable work 

•iihiK 0r; but we then remarked, that it did not agree 
lh e generic character of Arum. Our present figure 



is not entirely useless, as it shews the parts of fructification, 
in which it is seen, that the club-shaped spadix is not naked 
as in Arum, but covered with the male flowers or anthers 
disposed in rhomboid masses. 

Native country not known; it was brought to this coun- 
try from Madeira, where it it cultivated on account of the 
beauty of its leaves, which grow to a much greater size 
than represented in either of our figures. The plant from 
which our present drawing was taken flowered in June, the 
former one in January. Communicated by Mr. Brookes, 
of Ball's Pond. 



I'm 







( 2544 ) 

MALVA ABUTILOIDES BAHAMA MALLOW. 

Class and Order. 

MoNADELPHIA PoLYANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cot. duplex : exterior triphyllus. Capsulte plurimte, 
1—2-pluri-spermae, in orbem dispositae. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Malva abutiloides / foliis quinquangularibus tomewtosis, 
pedunculis axillaribus bifidis paucifloris, involucelli 
fcalycis exteriorrs) foliolis oblongis parvis, fractions 
globosis. De Cand. Prodr. Syst. Nat. p. 435. 

Malva abutiloides ; foliis lobatis villosis, caule erecto, ca- 
lycibus brevissimis, capsulis globosis striatis : loculis 
polyspermibus. Sp. PL 971. 

Malta abutiloides ; foliis quinquangulari-lobatis tomen- 
tosis, pedunculis subquadrifloris bifidis axillaribus, 
capsulis polyspermis. Willd. Sp. PL 3. p. 780. Per- 
son Syn. 2. p. 250. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 4. p. 212. 

Malva abutiloides ; caule fruticoso, foliis cordatis lobatis 
tomentosis, pedunculis paucifloris, fructibus globosis 
striatis, loculis oligrospermis. Jacq. Hort. Schdnbr. 3. 
P- 23. t. 293. 

Malv a abutiloides ; caule malvarum maximo frutescente, 
foliis angulatis planis tomentosis, pedunculo axillari 
multifloro. Cav. Diss. 2. p. 60. t. 16. / 2. 

Abutilon althseoides, flore cameo, fructu globoso. Dili. 
%lth. 1. t.l.f. 1. 



This plant has very much the habit of Althaa offici- 

ms; the stem, branches, petioles, peduncles, calyxes, and 

underside of the leaves are covered with a thick tomentum, 

°nsistmg of branched hairs, on the upper surface the 

hairs 



hairs are more scattered, suffering the green colour to 
appear ; the petals are the only parts whicn are not pubes 
cent, and even the claws of these are bearded. The flowers 
are of a delicate blush rose colour, streaked with a deeper 
red, which have a very lively appearance; in Jacquin's 
figure they are represented much larger, and of a deeper 
colour than it has occurred to us to see them. 

In De Candolle's excellent Prodromus, Malva abuti- 
hides is arranged in the third primary division of the 
genus, named SphjEroma ; consisting of such species as 
have two- or many-seeded capsules of one-cell, united into 
a globular fruit; axillary, mostly many-flowered, pedun 
cles, and shrubby stem : a division which this celebrated 
botanist questions if it ought not to* be made a distinct 
genus. 

Native of the Bahama islands, and with us cultivated as 
a greenhouse shrub. Flowers in May, June, and July. Our 
drawing was made from a specimen received from P. B 
Webb, Esq. in July last ; we had fine specimens of the 
same species sent us from the Fulham nursery in May 1817; 
but our draughtsman was at that time so much en| 
that he could not take a drawing from them. 



( 2545 ) 

Aristolochia labiosa. Marcgrave's 
Birth wort. 

/jv. /J* *T* f* 'J** vr* 1* T» 1* >l> T 1 1* l* 1 *T* ^ ^ 'T' >y» 

Cfcyss «wrf Order. 

Gynandria Hexandria. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. 1-petala, ligulata, basi ventricosa. Caps. 6-Iocu- 
'aris, polysperma, infera. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Aristolochia labiosa ; caule volubili angulato, foliis sub- 
rotundo-cordatis, corollis basi saccatis : labio inferiore 
longius producto apice suborbiculatim dilatato sub- 
bilobo. 

Aristolochia labiosa. Bot. Reg. 689. 

Aristolochia ringens ; caule volubili, foliis reniformibus 
subrotundis cordatis amplexicaulibus, corollis basi 
incurva saccata, medio bilabiatis, labio superiore ex- 
planato bilobo, inferiore canaliculato. Link. PL Sel. 
Berol. 1. p. 35. t. 13. Exclusis synonymis Vahlii et 
Willdenovii. 

Ambuyaembo. Pisonis. Bras. 2(30. cum icone. 



Considering how easily errors may arise in drawing 
plants from imperfect dried specimens, we do not wonder 
|hat Professor Link conceived Vahl's Aristolochia ringens 
° f °f m eant to represent this species; but the examination 
{* ^AN Rohr's own specimen, preserved in Mr. Brown's 
«anksian Herbarium, and from which Vahl's figure was 
gently taken, proves the two species to be distinct. 
l|J at specimen is to appearance tolerably perfect, and 
a, T\ the u PP er "lip of the flower to be spathula-shaped, 
J Ud the lower-lip lanceolate, as represented in Vahl's 
■i 1 *^ totally different from the form of these parts m our 

plant. 



plant. It is not improbable, however, that the flower is 
subject to vary considerably in form, as will appear by a 
comparison of our figure with the two others above quoted; 
all three differing in several respects from one another, yet 
there can hardly be a doubt but that they all belong to the 
same species. In our plant the under-lip of the Corolla 
retained the crumpled appearance, as when first unfolded, 
till it fell off. 

Aristolochia labiosa is a handsome climber, the leaves 
being of a delicate lively green and the flowers very large, 
beautifully variegated, and of a grotesque form ; but its 
scent is very offensive, resembling that of some of the Sta- 
pelias, and not very unlike the smell of decayed fish. 

For an opportunity of offering to our readers a drawing 
of this very rare plant, we are indebted to the Count de 
Vandes, in whose splendid collection at Bayswater, this 
plant flowered in the hot-house, in September 1824. It is 
a native of Brazil, from whence it was introduced into the 
Kew Gardens, by Messrs. Cunningham and Bowie, the 
king's collectors. 




AAlyfCurtu Fw»„ 



( 2546 ) 

solidago lanceolata. tarragon-leaved 
Golden-rod. 

Class and Order. 
Syngenesia Polygamia Superflua. 

Generic Character. 

Recept. nudum. Pappus simplex. Cor. radii circiter 
quinque. CaL squamae imbricatee, clausal. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Solidago lanceolata ; corymbis terminalibus, foliis lineari- 
lanceolatis integerrimis trinerviis. Lin. Mant. 114. 

Solidag-o lanceolata ; caule glabro ramosissimo, foliis Ian* 
ceolato-linearibus integerrimis trinerviis (glabris), 
corymbis terminalibus, ligulis altitudine disci. Hort. 
Kew. ed. l ma - 3. p. 214. Willd. Sp. PI. 3. p. 2062. 
Persoon Syn. 2. p. 449. 

Solidago lanceolata; caule hirto angulato ramosissimo, 
foliis lanceolato-linearibus integerrimis erectiusculis 
tri-quinquenervibus scabriusculis : nervis subtus pi- 
losis, axillis nudis, corymbis terminalibus fastigiatis, 
ramulis capitatis, ligulis altitudine disci. Pursh Fl 
Am. Sept. %. p. 540. 

Solidago lanceolata ; foliis lanceolato-linearibus, integris, 
tri-nerviis: corymbo fastigiato; ramulis capitulifloris : 
ligulis vi x manifestis. (var. «. major). Michaux Fl. 
Bor.Amer. 2. p. 116. 

u rysocoma graminifolia ; herbacea, foliis linearibus laa- 
ceolatis glabris, floribus corymbosis. Sp. PL 1178. 

^hrysocoma dracunculoides ; herbacea, foliis lineari-lance- 
olatis trinerviis scabris, floribus corymbosis, calyce 
laxo. Lamarck Encycl. Bot. 2. p. 192 ?— non Purshii 
nee biflora. Lin. 



That this plant, which resembles the Tarragon in its 
,0,,a ge, i s the Solidago lanceolata of the first edition of 

Aiton's 



Aiton's Hortus Kewensis we have ascertained by compar- 
ing it with the specimens preserved in the Banksian Her- 
barium, In the dried subjects, however, we find the leaves 
to be scabrous along the margin and nerves. The short- 
ness of the florets of the ray, which scarcely exceed those 
of the disk, has easily led to its being confounded with 
Chrysocoma, and we have little doubt but that the Chry- 
socoma dracunculoides of Lamarck belongs to this species. 

Michaux describes two varieties, one with larger and 
fewer, the other with smaller and more numerous leaves, to 
the former of which our plant belongs, but perhaps they 
are distinct species. 

Although Solidago lanceolata is a plant of no great 
beauty, yet, having been involved in much uncertainty, we 
are happy in an opportunity of giving a figure of it, espe- 
cially as we know of no previous existing one. 

A hardy herbaceous perennial. Native of North Ame- 
rica, certainly of Hudson's Bay and Canada, and, according 
to Pursh, as low as Pensylvania. Flowers in September 
and October Communicated by Mr. Whitley from the 
Fulham nursery, in September 1824, 




iatu.Wmlm 



( 2547 ) 
SOLANUM PYRACANTHUM. 0. OrANGE-THORNED 

Night-shade. 

•r- «t» 1» 'F >JS MS <f> "w* Vr- *T k <f» Vf Vf» /r Vp oS Vp Vp 

Class awrf Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. rotata. Anthera subcoalitae, apice poro gemino 
dehiseentes. Bacca bilocularis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Solanum pyracanthum ; caule aculeato fruticoso, foliis ob- 
longis angustis-sinuato-pinnatindis tomentosis acu- 
leatis, aculeis rectis subcoccineis. Dunal Solanum p. 
229. 

Solanum pyracanthos ; caule aculeato suffruticoso,, foliis 
oblongis acutis sinuato-pinnatifidis tomentosis, aculeis 
rectis subcoccineis. Lam. ill. gen. n. 2364. Poiret in 
Encycl. Bot. 4. p. 299. Persoon Syn. 1. p. 229. 

Solanum pyracantha. Smith Exot. Bot. 2. p. 9. t. 64. JVUM. 
Enum. p. 238. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 1. p. 403. 

Solanum pyracanthon. Jacq. Hort. Schcenb. 4. p. 36. t. 470. 

(*■) pedunculis calycibusque spinosis. 

(h) pedunculis calycibusque inermibus. 



Dunal, in his monograph of the genus Solanum, re- 
marks, that the peduncles and calyxes of Solanum pyra- 
canthum, are sometimes very thorny, and at other times 
quite without thorns. In our plant, these parts were un- 
ar med, the common peduncles cernuous, the flowers 
smaller, with reflexed petals, without any green star, and 
^together not much resembling the figure in the exotic 
botany of Sir James E. Smith, but more like that of Jac- 
2**» his Hortus Schcenbrunensis. We have, however, 
* e, 7 little doubt but that it is one of the various appear- 
nc es of the orange-thorned Nightshade. 

A small 



A small shrub. Native of Madagascar, where it was 
discovered by M. Joseph Martin, and communicated by 
him to the Chevalier Lamarck. Introduced to the Kew 
garden from Paris, by M. Thouin, in 1789. Cultivated 
with us in the stove, where it sometimes produces ripe 
seeds. Flowers from August to October. Communicated 
by Mrs. Walker from her collection at Arno's Grove, 
Southgate. 




Izm 



■**&n<ik.r*aii>ii. 



Tf^UU'' 



( 2548 ) 
ScUTtLLARIA ALTISSIMA. TALL SfcULL-CA*. 

****************** 
Class and Order. 

m 
DlDYNAMIA GyMNQSPERMIA 

. Generic Character. 

Cat. ore integro, post florescentiam clauso, operculato. 
Cor. tubus elongatus. 

* 
Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Scutellaria altissima ; foliis cordato-oblongis acuminatis 

serratis, spicis subriudis. Sp. PL 836. Willd. 3. p. 

176. Persoon Syn. 2. p. 136. n. 21. Hort. Kew. ed. 

alt. 3. p. 429. Lam. Encycl. Bot. 7. p. 706. 
Scutellaria orientalis altissima urticae folio. Tourn. 

Cor. 11. 



Obs. Stem erect, square, smooth, from two to four feet 
ni gn. Branches slender. Leaves cordate-ovate; (lower 
ones cordate-oblong), with large serratures. Flowers in 
terminal spikes, secund, growing by pairs, sessile, or on 
v ery short petiicels. Bractes shorter than the calyx, lan- 
ceolate. Calyx increased after deflorescence. Corolla large, 
upnght, purple, not blue ; tube several times longer than 
ca tyx : limb two-lipped : lips unequal, entire. 
. * rom the very imperfect specimen of Tournefort's plant, 
! n ^e Banksian Herbarium, we cannot decide respecting 
11 J but our plant agrees with the garden specimen in the 
^e herbarium, and, we have no doubt, is the species 
titivated by Ph. Miller. 

Scutellaria a i t i ssima differs from peregrina m having 

srr »aU er bractes, and in the entire, not trificl, under-lip. In 

" e length of its tube it exceeds most of the other species. 

/»e believe that no figure of this plant has been heretofore 

Published. . 

Native 



Native of the Levant. Propagated by seeds, being 
rather a biennial than perennial, as we are informed by 
Mr. John Denson, the intelligent curator of the botanic 
garden, at Bury St. Edmunds, from whence we received 
specimens in September 1824, by favour of N. S. Hodson, 
Esq. to whose energy this thriving establishment owes its 
existence. 



« 7U1S. 



( 2549 ) 
Berberis aristata. Chitrian Berberry. 

Class and Order. 

Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal 6-phyllus. Petala 6 : ad ungues glandulis 2. Stylus 
nullus, brevissimusve. Bacca 2-sperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Berberis aristata; foliis simplicibus obovatis oblongisve 
setaceo-dentatis, spinis tripartitis, racemis compositis 
multifloris nutantibus. 

Berberis aristata; spinis infimis tripartitis, superioribus 
simplicibus basi vix bidentatis, foliis oblongis glabris 
dentibus 4 — 5 spinulosis utrinque serratis, racemis 
patulis erectisve multifloris. Decand. Prodr. Syst. 
Nat. Veg. 1. p, 106. Ejusdem Regni Veg. Syst. 
Nat. 2. p. 8. 

Berberis chitria. Hamilton in Herb. Lambert. Bot. 
Reg. 729. 

Berberis chitria ; foliis lanceolatis obovato-longisve mu- 
pronulatis viridibus membranaceis setaceo-dentatis 
Mtegerrimisve basi attenuatis, racemis multifloris nu- 
tantibus, pedicellis trifidis trifloris, baccis oblongis. 
Don. Prodr. Fl. Nepal, p. 204. 



Athough we wish that De Candolle had been contented 
N, «i the name of chitria, given to this species by its disco- 
ver D r . Hamilton (late Buchanan), yet as that name had 
" ot then been published, it appears to us that the learned 
Professor was at liberty to apply one that seemed to him 
0re a Ppropriate, and aristata being the first published 
a «je ought to have been adopted by succeeding writers ; 
"ope, therefore, that we shall lessen rather than increase 

confusion, 



confusion, by preferring the name which, as first publish 
ed, has the right of precedence, especially as the Systems 
Naturalis Regni Vegetabilis, is a work that cannot fail to 
be found in the hands of every botanist, and to be consi- 
dered of the first authority. Of this inestimable work, only 
two volumes have as yet appeared, and it is at present 
suspended, to give way to the Prodromus, the nature of 
which allows of its being carried on with greater rapidity 
And if it happen that circumstances should prevent the 
great work being ever again resumed, these volumes will 
bear ample testimony to the industry, learning, and bota- 
nical skill of the author. 

Berberis aristata is subject to considerable variety in 
the form of the leaves, these being sometimes nearly lan- 
ceolate, and even quite entire, and the spines under some 
circumstances are simple ; but the shrub from which our 
drawing was taken, being cultivated in the open ground, 
is more likely to have a natural appearance than when cul- 
tivated in the stove, or even in the garden of Calcutta. 

Native of Nepal, and sufficiently hardy to bear our win 
ters without protection, even as far north as Edinburgh 
Propagated by cuttings, or by seeds. Communicated by 
Ph. B. Webb, Esq. from his collection at Godalmin. 



- ?.#.. 



J>J3tt 




( 2550 ) 
Lobelia Tupa. Mullein-leaved Lobelia. 

******************* 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-fidus. Cor. 1-petala, irregularis. Anthercc co- 
haerentes. Caps, infera 2- s. 3-locularis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Lobelia Tupa; caule erecto angulato, foliis ovato-oblongis 
acuminatis villoso-tomentosis amplexicaulibus, race- 
mo terminali elongato, pedicellis bracteas subaequan- 
tibus. 

Lobelia Tupa; foliis lanceolatis integerrimis racemo spi- 
cato. Sp. PI. 1318. ed. Willd. 1. p. 958. Pers. Syn. 
2. p. 211. 

Lobelia Tupa; foliis lanceolatis integerrimis subtomentosis 
decurrentibus, racemo spicato. Lam. Encycl. Bot. S. 
p. 582. 

Rapuntium spicatum, foliis acutis, vulgo Tupa. Feuill. 
Peruv. p. 739. t. 29. 



. Descr. Stems erect, simple, four or five feet high, up- 

ri Sht. Leaves erect, oblong-oval, acuminate, half-stem- 

embracing, reticulate-veined, covered on both sides with 

a soft tomentum, and minutely toothed on the margins. 

"tceme terminal, two feet long. Flowers blood red, on 

Pedicels, growing singly from the axils of the leaf-like 

vractes, which scarcely exceed them in length : the lower 

oractes are nearly round. The germen is 10-angled : limb 

^ theca/^xS-cleft: segments subulate and distant, to- 

r°"« an inch and half long, cleft at the back the whole 

' en Sth : limb divided into five laciniae, all united at the 

"I**. Filaments all united into a tube: anthers all bearded 

mid 



and coherent. Style protruding beyond the stamens, ter- 
minated with a suborbieular, two-lobed stigma. 

From a careful comparison of Father Feuillee's figure 
and description, we see very little reason to doubt but our 
plant is the same species as his, and consequently the 
Lobelia Tupa of Linnjeus, who probably took it up from 
that figure only. Although this represents the leaves as 
being quite entire, yet in the description, Feuillee ob- 
serves, that the margins are serrate, with very small incon- 
spicuous teeth, as is the case in our plant, though our 
draughtsman by a contrary fault has made the serratures 
much more evident than in fact they were. 

This plant differs altogether from our Lobelia gigantea 
the Tupa of the Hortus Kewensis. The inflorescence espe- 
cially of that plant is totally different, the flowers growing 
in the axils of leaves twice the length of the peduncles and 
whole flowers together. 

Lobelia Tupa is a very handsome species, but if as 
poisonous as represented by Feuillee, would be dangerous 
to cultivate ; the holy father, however, appears upon seve- 
ral occasions to have been too credulous of the exaggerated 
tales of the natives. 

Our drawing was made at Mr. Brooke's nursery, at 
Ball's Pond, in October last, where it was raised fro" 1 
seeds received from Chili, and grew in the open ground, 
and continued a long time in flower. 



MEMORANDUM. 

We flatter ourselves that we have been always cautious of apply 1 "? 
names different from what have been already given, even although such 
may not have been published. And in answer to the accusation to 1 " 
against us in the last number of the Botanical Register, of our having been 
led into a different line of conduct, we have only to state, that the ZizipW-' 5 
incurvus of Roxburgh, according to the specimen preserved in Mr. LA* 1 ' 
bert's Herbarium, is totally different from our Paliurus virgatus; aw 
Dr. Wallich's description, in the Second Volume of Roxburgh's FU** 
Indica, proves it to be a true Ziziphus, bearing a drupe with a two-cell^ 
nut, not the three-celled capsule of a Paliurus. 




t A** (WWfa, ha j^ ^^ 






( 2551 ) 

centaurea sphierocephala. prickly 
Globe-headed Centaury. 

•t- MS ViS Vr VIS 'IS VK -IS VIS VIS VIS /JS MS <F 

Class and Order. 
Syngenesia Polygamia Frustranea. 

Generic Character. 

Recept. setosum. Pappus simplex. Cor. radii infundi- 
buliformes, longiores, irregul^res. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Centaurea sphcerocephala ; calycibus palmato-spinosis, 
foliis amplexicaulibus hispidis oblongis dentatis ; in- 
ferioribus pinnatifidis. Willd. Sp. PL 3. p. 2311. 
Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 5. p. 156. 

Centaurea sphcerocephala; calycibus palmato - spinosis, 
foliis ovato-lanceolatis petiolatis dentatis. Sp. PL 
1295. Hort. Cliff. 423. 8. cajspitosa. Persoon Syn.2. 
P-m. n ,89. 

Centaurea ccespitosa; calycibus palmato-spinosis, foliis 
sinuato-dentatis ; inferioribus petiolatis, superioribus 
semiamplexicaulibus. Cyrill. PL rar. Neap. fasc. I. 
p. 24. t 8. 

Centaurea ccespitosa; calycibus palmato-spinosis sessilibus 
foliis inferioribus lyrato-pinnatifidis petiolatis; supe- 
"oribus dentato - sinuatis amplexicaulibus. Vahl. 

• tymb. 2. p. 93. 

ACEA s phaerocephala spinosa tingitana. Herm. Lugd. 

, 332. t. 333. Moris. Hist. 3. p. 143. sect. 7. t. 27. / 9. 
ACEA purpurea maritima capitulo spinoso neapolitana. 

, %• Sylfog. 150. 

ACE * maritima incana capite purpureo spinoso major. 
Barrel, ic. 1217. 

a «ea maritima cinerea capite purpureo spinoso media. 
B arreL ic. 235. 

This 



This plant was raised in the Chelsea garden from seeds 
received by Mr. Anderson, under the name of Centaurea 
Zanonii ; we have, however, no doubt but that it is the 
species figured by Cyrillo, which he calls caspitosa, but 
is now generally referred to the spcerocephala of Linnjius. 

Native of the south of Europe and the coast of Barbary, 
growing in the sand of the sea shores, where, according to 
Cyrillo, it forms large matted tufts. An herbaceous pe- 
rennial sufficiently hardy to bear the winters of our climate. 
Flowers most part of the summer. 



( 2552 ) 

Petunia nyctaginiflora. Large-flow- 
ered Petunia. 

******************** 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. profunde 5-fidus : laciniis oblongis subspathulatis. 
Cor. tubulosa, limbo dilatato subquinquelobo inaequali. 
Stam. inaequalia non exserta, antheris subrotundis. Stigma 
capitatum, subbilobum. Caps, calycis basi infra cincta, 
apice bivalvis, bilocularis, polysperma seminibus minutis. 

Herbee ; folia alterna, floralia ex eodem puncto gemina ; 
flores solitarii, axillares. Affinis Nicotians quce Petun 
Brasiliensium. Jussieu. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Petunia nyctaginiflora ; caule hirto, foliis (Heliotropii) 
ovatis oblongis pubescentibus ; corollis magnis calyce 
quadruplo longioribus. Jussieu in Ann. du Mus. 2. 
P- 216. t. 47. /. 2. Roem. et Sch. Syst. Veget. 4. p. 
324. Poir. Encycl. Bot. Suppl. 4. p. 375. Pers. Syn. 
1. |>.218. 

^icotiana axillaris; pubescens, foliis subovatis subsessi- 
Hbus, pedunculis axillaribus, floribus tubulosis obtusis. 
Lam. Illustr. n. 2287. Sprengel Syst. Veg. 1. p. 617. 

^icotiana nyctaginiflora; caule herbaceo villoso, foliis 
subpetiolatis oblongo-ovatis, floribus axillaribus, co- 
rollas tubo calyce triplo longiore, limbi laciniis subro- 
tundis obtusis. Lehm. Hist. Nicot. p. 20. 



, u escr. R 00 t annual. Stem upright, with alternate 
Ranches, pubescent. Radical leaves oblong-ovate, quite 
entire, villous, decurrent down the petiole : cauline leaves 
JKernate, oval, quite entire, fleshy, scabrous, decurrent 
ao *n the petiole : floral leaves growing two together, 



but not exactly opposite, sessile. Peduncles axillary,, so- 
litary, one-flowered, viscose-pubescent, generally longer 
than the leaf. Calyx 5-cleft halfway : segments spathu- 
late, distant, recurved at the point. Corolla large, white: 
tube an inch and half long ; limb spreading, obtusely five- 
lobed, white with green veins. Stamens five, included 
within the tube. Style somewhat longer than the stamens ; 
stigma two lobed, nearly globular, green, exserted. Ger- 
men conical, seated on a yellow glandular receptacle, 
two-celled. 

Our drawing takes in only the upper part of a strong 
plant, and does not shew the alternate cauline leaves. The 
flower is beautiful ; in shape it may be compared to the 
Marvel of Peru, from a supposed resemblance to which, it 
has received its specific name; but it is much larger. 

Found by Commerson on the shores of the Rio de Plata, 
South America, from whose dried specimens Jussieu's de- 
scription and figures were taken. Flowers in July and 
August. Communicated by Mr. Anderson, from the 
Chelsea botanical garden. 




l*~*fy S-C«r&,.T>*I~vrA_ ,1^, .)l i 



( 2553 ) 

Campanula latifolia. y. macrantha. 
Large -flowered Giant Bell-Flower. 

Class and Order. 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. campanulata, fundo clauso valvis staminiferis. Stig- 
ma 3-fidum. Caps, infera, poris lateralibus dehiscens. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Campanula latifolia; caule tereti striato glabra, foliis ovato- 

lanceolatis duplicato-serratis, pedunculis axillaribus 

unifloris, calycibus glabris, fructibus cernuis. Roem. 

et Sch. SysL Veg. 5. p. 119. Willd. Sp. PL 1. p. 900. 

cum Synonymis. 
Campanula latifolia; foliis ovato-lanceolatis caule simpli- 

cissimo tereti, pedunculis unifloris, fructibus cernuis. 

Smith Flor. Brit. 1. p. 236.— Engl. Flora, 1. p. 290. 

—Engl. Bot. 302. 
\N fiore albo. 
\y-) macrantha; foliis inferioribus cordato-ovatis, coroUis 

maximis. 
Campanula macrantha. Fischer. 

°escr. Stem three or four feet high, straight, simple, 
somewhat rough, rounded, striate. Leaves alternate, pu- 
"eseent on both sides ; lower ones petioled, cordate-ovate, 

u gose, irregularly double-serrate; middle ones ovate, 
^current down the petiole ; upper ones sessile. Peduncles 

xillary, solitary, one-flowered, erect when carrying the 
: ossox^ cernuous in fruit, scarcely equal to the calyx 

1 length. Two of the lower peduncles in our specimen, 
in? i [y from the effect of culture ' were lengthened out 
sim i nder bra nches, bearing each three flowers. Calyx 
o , m P»e J smooth, with a five-cleft border : segments lance- 

ate > patent, pointed, when viewed with a lens finely 

toothed 



toothed at the margins. Corolla very large and shewy, violet- 
coloured; tube an inch and half long, cylindrical, nerved; 
border divided into five lanceolate segments, recurved at 
the tip, and slightly hairy at the edges. Germen three- 
celled : ovules very many, affixed to a central receptacle. 
Style the length of the tube : stigmas three, (rarely four) 
revolute. Filaments short, dilated at the base into valves 
covering the crown of the germen, as in the genus ; anthers 
linear, in the expanded flower variously twisted. 

The seeds of this plant were received by Mr. Anderson 
from Dr. Fischer, of the Imperial botanic garden at Peters- 
burgh, under the name of Campanula macrantha ; but we 
cannot find any characters sufficient to establish a specific 
difference between it and C. latifolia, of which species 
we therefore consider it as a variety only. 

A hardy perennial. Native of Russia, as respects this 
variety ; but the species is found in several parts of Great 
Britain, more especially in the north, as well as on the con- 
tinent of Europe. Blossoms in June and July. Commu- 
nicated by Mr. Anderson from the botanic garden in 
Chelsea. 



Sssl 




■ il ■ «i» - -nil 



( 2554 ) 

BOLTONIA ASTEROIDES. StAR-WORT-FLOW- 
ERED BOLTONIA. 

Class and Order. 

Syngenesia Polygamia Superflua. 

Generic Character. 

Recept. favosum, hemisphaericum. Pappus dentato- 
anstatus, subbicornis. Cor. radii plurimae. Cal. imbri- 

catus. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Boltonia asteroides ; foliis inferioribus integerrimis. Hort. 

Kew. ed. I™ 3. p. 197.— ed. alt. 5. p. 101. Wittd. 8p. 

PL 3. p. 2162. 
Boltonia asteroides ; foliis omnibus integerrimis, floribus 

longe pedunculatis, seminibus ovalibus glabris sub- 

muticis. Persoon Syn. 2. p. 464. Michaux Flor. Bor. 

Am. 2. p. 132 ? Pursh Ft. Am. Sept. 2. p. 560. 
Matricaria asteroides; foliis lanceolatis integris glabris 

obliquis. Lin. Mant. p. 116. 
Chrysanthemum carolinianum ; foliis lanceolatis integris 

utrinque acuminatis laevibus, caule 5- ad 6-pedali ra- 

mosissimo, floribus radio albis disco luteis. Walter 

M- Carolin. 204. 

fa our account of Boltonia glastifolia (vol. 50. n. 2381) 
*e expressed a doubt whether there were really two species 
ot Boltonia ; but last October we had the satisfaction of 
giving specimens of both from the botanic garden at 
Bur y St. Edmunds, and are now satisfied that they are 
specifically distinct. The lower leaves as well as the upper 
m our present plant are quite entire, and are of a brighter 
F ee p than those of glastifolia, with no admixture of black - 
f tln ge. The plant is much taller and stouter, and the 
°wers grow in more branched and closer panicles ; the 

ray, 



ray white, and disk yellow ; in glastifoiia the ray is of a 
deep purple upon its first appearance,, and, when fully 
blown, remains of a flesh colour. 

The seeds in both are nearly alike; those of the asteroides 
more obcordate, and have a broader margin ; in both spe- 
cies they are crowned with short bristles, and have two 
long aristae nearly equal in length to the seed. In aste- 
roides the peduncles for some distance from the flowers are 
naked, or quite free from leaves or bractes, but in glasti- 
foiia small leaf-like bractes are continued nearly to the 
calyx. From Michaux's description of the two plants we 
doubt if he saw both, as he says, that in habit, in foliation, 
and in the colour of the flowers, they are altogether alike. 
The figures referred to by I/Heritier were never published, 
and, if engraved, are probably lost, so that we conclude 
our figures are the only existing ones of the two species of 
Boltonia, 

Boltonia asteroides is a hardy perennial. Native of 
North America. Flowers in September and October. 
Raised in the Bury garden, from seeds received from Dr. 
Fischer, of Gottingen, under the name of glastifoiia. The 
two species have indeed been generally confounded, but the 
names as we have applied them are the most appropriate ; 
our present plant resembling an Aster more perfectly in 
habit, than the former one ; and has the lower leaves quite 
entire not serrate as in glastifoiia. 



2555. 




ytehjf.u^u, ir»Uvr6..3c l> &. 



( 2555 ) 

Nicotiana Langsdorffii. Langsdorff's 
Tobacco. 

Class and Order. 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. urceolatus quinquefidus. Cor. infundibuliformis 
regulans, limbo plicato. Stam. inclinata. Caps. 2-valvis, 
*-locularis. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

wcotiana Langsdorffii ; foliis oblongo-lanceolatis acutis 
subintegerrimis sessilibus cauleque villosis, floribus 
laxe paniculatis nutantibus, calycibus ovatis acutis, 
bmbo corollae truncato, Sprengel Syst. Veg. 1. p. 

Hotiana Langsdorffii ; foliis inferioribus ovatis obtusis 
petiolatis ; superioribus sessilibus decurrentibus, co- 
rollae tubo clavato multoties longiore, limbo obtuso. 
Koem. et Sch. Syst. Veg. 4. p. 323. ex Weinmanno. 

bra E l° R a ^ tem u P ri S^ ^ rom three to five feet high, 
the • ^ j0wer Leaves ovate, obtuse, decurrent down 
plan? et,, °k ' u PP er ones lanceolate, sessile. The whole 
din" V1Scoas 'P UDes cent. Flowers yellowish green, nod- 
(kft growin » m a nearly naked panicle, subsecund. 
the P °/ a1 ' with Iance °l a te unequal segments. Tube of 
inflat i several times longer than the calyx, incurved, 
&arn at the u PP er P art: limb plicate, quite entire, 
ovat q the len o th ot ' tlle tube : anthers blue. Capsule 
j^ e j ^celled. Seeds minute, oval. Nearest related to 
a|i f °, TlA i NA P anic ulata, but that is a smaller plant with 

A l,1 e leaves petioled. 
^iseiU handsome a nnual. Native of Brazil. First 
jj a "ere and in other parts of Europe, from seeds sent by 
Plow NG - D0RFFj the Russian Consul, at Rio de Janeiro. 
Mr A eFS m Au gust and September. Communicated by 
Anderson from the Chelsea Garden. 



( 2556 ) 

Chrysanthemum sinense (var. 17). Ex- 
panded LIGHT-PURPLE CHRYSANTHEMUM. 

Sabine in Hort. Soc. Tr. v. 5. p. 153. 

Class and Order. 
Syngenesia Polygamia Superflua. 

Generic Character. 

Recept. nudum. Pappus nullus. Cal. hemisphsricus, 
imbricatus ; squamis marginalibus membranaceis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Chrysanthemum sinense ; foliis coriaceis petiolatis sinuato- 
pinnatifidis dentatis glaucescentibus, radio longissimo, 
caule (sub-) fruticoso. Sabine in Lin. Soc. Tr. v. 14. 
p. 145. 

Chrysanthemum indicum. Bot. Mag. n. 327 et 3042 et 
authorum aliorum. 



Mr. Sabine, in the Transactions of the Linnean Society 
above referred to, has given good reasons for supposing that 
«ie Chinese Chrysanthemums belong to a species distinct 
from the C. indicum of Linnjeus. With respect to the 
genus to which these plants ought to be referred different 
opinions have been entertained. Some writers, on account 
of palese being found in a greater or lesser number upon 
we receptacle, have referred them to Anthemis ; but Mr. 
kABWE observes that these pales are only found to extend 
^ far as the ligular florets, and, that when the disk is oc- 
cupied by tubular florets, this part is without pales ; from 
* fl ich he very properly infers, that in the natural or single 
sta te of the flower, the receptacle is naked, and that of 
course the Chinese species has been properly referred to 
ne ffenus Chrysanthemum. 

1 he great variety and beauty of these flowers, when cul- 
"vated to the perfection of which they are capable, render 

them 



them a superb acquisition to our gardens. Indeed, till we 
had seen the magnificent collection of all the varieties hi- 
therto obtained, in the garden belonging to the Horticul- 
tural Society, we had formed no idea of the splendid 
exhibition such an assemblage afforded ; and that too at a 
season when our gardens could otherwise boast of but little 
gaiety. 

The present variety was imported for the Horticultural 
Society in 1820, by Captain Mayer, of the honourable 
E.I. Company's ship Atlas. 

We have been favoured by Mr. Sabine with the follow- 
ing list of the varieties hitherto known in this country, 
with references to the figures of such as havejbeen as yet 
represented 



The present List of the Varieties of the Chinese 
Chrysanthemum. 

♦— — 

1 Purple .Bot. Mag. 327. 

2 Changeable White Bot. Mag. 2042. 

3 Quilled White Bot. Beg. 4. 

4 Superb White Bot. Reg. 455. 

5 Tasselled White 

6 Quilled Yellow 

7 Sulphur Yellow 

8 Golden Yellow Bot. Reg. 4. 

9 Large Lilac 

10 Rose, or Pink 

1 1 Buff, or Orange 

1 2 Spanish Brown 

13 Quilled-flamed Yellow Hort. Soc. Tr. v. 4. p. 350, pi. 14. 

14 Quilled Pink Bot. Reg. 616. 

15 Early Crimson Hort. Soc. Tr. v. 5. p. 1 52. pi 3, fig- »• 

16 Large Quilled Orange Hort. Soc. Tr. v. 5. p. 152. pi. 3.^- *- 

17 Expanded Light Purple Bot. Mag . 2556. 

1 8 Quilled Light Purple 

19 Curled Lilac Sweet's Br. Ft. Gar. 7. 

20 Superb Clustered Yellow Sweet's Br. Ft. Gar. 14. 

21 Semi-double Quilled Pink Hort. Soc. Tr. v. 5. p. 423. pi- 17** 

22 Semi-double Quilled White 

23 Semi-double Quilled Orange . . . Hort. Soc. Tr. v. 5. p. 424. pi- 17*** 

24 Late pale Purple 

25 Quilled Salmon Colour Hort. Soc. Tr. v. 5. p. 423. pi- 17**' 

26 Small Yellow Hort . Soc. Tr. v. 5. p. 424. pi- 17**' 

27 Paper White 







-M l« J 0*6, H.hm. 



( 2557 ) 

herpestis monnieria. fi. portulacacea. 
Purslane-leaved Herpestis. 

************************ 

Class and Order. 

DlDYNAMlA AngIOSPERMIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-partitus, inaequalis, foliolis duobus interioribus 
minoribus, obtectis. Cor. tubulosa subbilabiata. Stam. 
didynama, inclusa : Antherarum lobis divaricatis. Stigma 
^marginatum. Capsula calyce (ut plurimum aucto) in- 
clusa, bilocularis, bivalvis, valvis bipartitis ; dissepimento 
parallelo libera ; placentis adnatis. R. Brown. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Herpestis Monnieria ; glaberrima, caule repente, foliis 
obovato - oblongis obtusis integerrimis subcarnosis, 
pedunculis folio longioribus, calycis bibracteati laci- 
niis exterioribus ovato-oblongis acutis integerrimis. 
KunthSyn. 2. p. 125. 

^Ratiola Monnieria ; foliis oblongis integris, pedunculis 
unifloris foliis longioribus caule declinato. Syst. Veg. 
ed. 14. p. 64. Swartz Obs. p. 15. Willd. Sp. PL I 
P- 102. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 1. p. 43. Roxb. Corom. 
2. p. 41.*. 178? 

^Ratiola Monnieria; foliis ovali-oblongis, pedunculis uni- 
floris, caule repente. Lin. Amozn. Acad. 4. p. 306. 

M Jacq. Obs. 1. p. 4. t.l. Forst. Prodr. p. 4. 

Monniera Brownei ; foliis oblongis integris, pedunculis 
folio longioribus, caule declmato. Persoon Syn. 2. 

u pm - 

Monnieria minima repens, foliis subrotundis, flonbus sin- 

, gularibus alaribus. Browne Jam. 269. 

Monnieria ramosa repens foliis linearibus oppositis. Ehret. 

. Pict. t. 14. /. 2. 

*J thymifolia ; foliis oblongo-ovatis minoribus ; 

W-) portulacacea ; foliis obovatis majoribus. 

Septas 



Septas repens ; caule repentefoliis oblongo-ovatis, floribus 

solitariis. Lour. Fl. Cochin, p. 392 ? 
Anagallis aquatica, portulaceae aquaticaB caule et foliis. 

Sloane Hist. Jam. 1. p. 203. t. 129. /. 1. 



Herpestis Monnieria is very widely-extended over the 
globe, if different species have not been confounded under 
the same name ; in the East Indies as well as the West, on 
the continent of South-America,, in China., and in the 
islands of the Pacific Ocean. 

But, in truth, on comparing the descriptions and figures 
of the different authors, and also the specimens in various 
Herbariums, we are forced to conclude, either that this 
species is extremely variable, or that distinct ones have 
been very generally united. Apprehensive that our plant 
may be really distinct though we have considered it only 
as a variety, we have added names which may be adopted 
should this be found to be the case. 

Our plant agrees so well with the description of that 
found by Humboldt and Bonpland in the island of Cuba, 
that there can be little doubt respecting it. Jacquin's 
plant, found in the island of St. Domingo, is probably 
the same, although the peduncles are represented in his 
figure shorter than the leaf, and the flowers are describ- 
ed as snow-white. In Roxburgh's figure and description 
the peduncles are shorter than the leaf, and otherwise 
admit of some doubt. The Septas of Loureiro doubtless 
belongs to the same genus, but the species may be differ- 
ent. The genus Herpestis was first established by the 
younger Gartner, in his Carpologia, and has been since 
generally adopted ; the name of Monnieria having been 
previously applied by Aublet to a very different genus. 

Our plant was communicated, in flower, in August, 182* 
by our lamented friend, the late John Walker, Esq 
Being a native of a tropical climate it requires to be cul- 
tivated in the stove. 



X2SH, 




M.ifS.Uli, ROi-rti. ICnhJlsb. 



( 2558 ) 

Zanthoxylum nitidum. Shining-leaved 
Zanthoxyllm. 

A .'i'. ■SI'. .SU .St'. ."fr. ■ v 1 / . .Sfc &• .Sk. .'K .^ .'J'. A .'i'. .Ski A A ill .Sfc A aid ilfc 
" MS MS MS MS M^ MS MS MS MS MS MS MS MS Vr > M s M N MS MS MS MS MS MS 

C7«ss awrf Order. 
Dkecia Pentandria (nunc Tetrandria). 

Generic Character. 

Plores hermaphroditi aut abortu dioici aut monoici. 
Cat 3— 9-lobus, saepius 4 — 5-partitus. Petala tot quot 
calycis lobi, et iis alterna, raro nulla. Stam. tot quot ca- 
lycis lobi, iis opposita. Capsules (carpella) tot quot calycis 
lobi, interdum basi connatae aut liberae, abortu saspe ad 
minorem nurnerum reductae, imo interdum solitariae, ma- 
turae bivalves 1 — 3-spermae. Semen nitidum. De Cand. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Zanthoxylum nitidum ; ramis petiolis costisque aculeatis, 
foliis impari-pinnatis 2 — 3-jugis : foliolis oblongis 
lucidis remote glanduloso - crenatis apice elongatis 
emarginatis, racemis axillaribus fasciculatis. De Cand. 
Prodr. Syst. Nat. Veget. I. p. 727. 

Xanthoxylon nitidum. Sprengel Syst. Veg. 1. p. 945. 

Fagara nitida. Roxb. Ft. Ind. 1. p. 440. 

* agara piperita. Loureiro. Fl. Cochin, p. 80. 



As we had not the opportunity of seeing this plant 
growing, we are not certain whether our plant is really the 
s Pecies to which we have referred it on the authority of 
f r Lindley, Botanist to the Horticultural Society; but 
! r01 * Dr. Roxburgh's account of his Fagara nitida, which 
* referred by his editor, Dr. Wallich, to Zanthoxylum, 
*e have very little doubt about it. 

According to Mr. John Reeves, who has been long a 
^sident in China, and is well acquainted with the plants 
,( {h ? country, it is the Fagara piperita of Loureiro, 



with whose description, it in most respects agrees toler- 
ably well ; but it cannot be the Fagara piperita of Liu- 

NJEUS. 

Our drawing- of this rare shrub was taken at the Horti- 
cultural Society's greenhouse, in February 1824. We are 
informed by Mr. Sabine, that it has been received from 
China by the Society at various times, particularly in 1822, 
from Mr. John Potts. In China it forms an impenetrable 
fence. It is nearly hardy enough to be cultivated in the 
open ground. 



Mm 




( 2559 ) 

Catasetum tridentatum. Trinidad 
Catasetum. 

»»»«»««•&» 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

Generic Character. 

Corolla resupinata, Petala quinque, sub«qualia. La- 
belkm (nectar. L.) saccato-concavum. Columna bicornis : 
cornua retrorsa, filiformia, arcuato-conniventia. Anthera 
operculata, columna infra apicem attenuato-subulatum 
msidens. Pollinis massae duae, pedicello communi suffultae. 
Rich. Mss. in Kunth Syn. mutatis terminis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Catasetum tridentatum; scapo foliis breviore, petalis 
ovato-lanceolatis acutis; interioribus maculatis, labello 
tridentato. A 

Catasetum tridentatum ; petalis duobus interioribus macu- 
latis, labello tridentato. Hooker Exot. Flora.. 90. 91. 

Catasetum macroearpum. Rich, in Kunth Syn. \.p.33l ? 

Catasetum is a very splendid genus of plants, belonging 
t0 the natural order of Orchidece, a family, of which a larger 
number has been in our garden since their cultivation has 
^better understood, than, till of late years, was sup- 
posed possible. Although it is not long since this genus 
**» first established by the late M. Richard, in Kunth's Sy- 
?°Psis of the Plants collected by Humboldt and Bonpland, 
" the tropiqal regions of America, five distinct species have 
J***} already enumerated bv Mr. Lindley in the Botanical 

As we had no opportunity of examining this plant our- 
, Iv es, we cannot give any particular description of it; and 
P* v e. therefore extracted the complete one in Hooker's 
J°tic Flora only remarking that, the flower being resupi- 

le ' me labellum as in some other orchideous plants, is up- 
wards 



wards in the natural situation of the scape, forming a galea 
or helmet. The cornua, which form one of the principal 
characters of the genus, are not visible in our drawn"-, 
being concealed within the labellum. Dr. Hooker, in his 
description, by considering the flower as separated from 
the scape, reverses the position of the parts, and thus de- 
scribes the germen as slightly curved upwards, which, in 
reality, is curved downwards, and after deflorescence is 
quite reflected. 

Our drawing was taken at the Chelsea Botanic Garden, 
in September 1824. Native of the island of Trinidad, and 
sent irom thence to Mr. Anderson, by his Excellency Sir 
Ralph J. Woodford, the Governor. 



The outline figure is a diminished representation of the whole plant 



Professor Hooker's description of Catasetum tridentatum. 



" The whole plant from a foot and a half to two feet in height. Root com- 
posed of many, large, white, thick, smooth fibres. Bulb five or six inches 
in length, oblong, subcorapressed, covered at first with the sheathing bases 
of the leaves, afterwards naked, green, marked with reddish rings where the 
leaves have been inserted, and longitudinally striated. Leaves from six to ten 
inches long, broadly lanceolate, keeled, striated, undulated, bright green, ta- 
pering towards the base, but enlarging again very considerably, so as to form 
the sheathing of the bulb, these sheaths are of a more membranaceous texture 
than the leaves themselves, paler green, and very closely striated. Scape 
arising from the root by the side of the bulb, twelve or fourteen inches in 
height, cylindrical, green, jointed and furnished with short, membranaceous 
sheaths, which are slit on one side, terminated at the extremity by a spike of 
about a dozen very large and beautiful flowers, which are resupinate, and of » 
highly remarkable structure. The five petals which compose the corolla are 
subconnivent, and form an arch over the column of fructification ; of these 
the three outer ones are lanceolate, concave, green ; the two inner ones are 
broadly ovate, concave, subacuminate, yellowish brown, elegantly spotted with 
purple. Lip large, cucullate, ventricose, its margin entire, except in th e 
front, where there are three obtuse teeth, the outside faintly and obliquely 
striated ; its colour is a bright yellow, greenish at the summit 3 there are 
sometimes a few indistinct purple spots within. Column united by its base with 
the back of the lip, an inch long, curved forward, yellow, the back conres, 
the front, concave, its extremity suddenly acuminated, and having a lit" 6 
claw-like process at the very point. From the margin or front, and near the 
centre, proceed downwards two slender filiform processes, nearly an inch Ion?' 
which curve towards each other, and are placed within the lip. Stigma con- 
cave, subquadrate viscid. Anther operculiform (deciduous), and applied to 
the upper attenuated part of the column, lanceolate, yellow-green, hav' n * 
within at its base two cells. Cells containing each a large spherical, ***][ 
pollen-mass, 2-lobed at the back, united by their bases to an oblong, brown* 6 
footstalk, whose margins are recurved, and whose base is fixed upon ' 
thickened quadrangular gland. The germen, about an inch long, is slfeW 
rurved upward?, furrowed, not at all twisted." 



( 2560 ) 

Elsholtzia cristata. Crested 
Elsholtzia. 

Class and Order. 

DlDYNAMIA GYMNOSPERMIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. tubulosus, 5-dentatus. Cor. bilabiata; labium supe- 
nus 4-dentatum ; inferius superiori longius, indivisum, sub- 
crenulatum. Stam. distantia. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Elsholtzia cristata ; spica solitaria unilaterali erecta. 

Willd. Sp. PL 3. p. 59. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 3. p. 381. 
Elsholtzia cristata. Willd. in Uster. Mag. pars 11. p. 5. 

*. 1. 
Hyssopus ocymifolius ; foliis ovatis dentatis, spicis secundis, 

floribus bracteis subrotundis postice obtectis. Lam. 

Encycl. Bot. 3. p. 187. Lam. III. t. 103. / 1. 

Schkuhr Hand. 2. p. 136. t. 167. 
Hvssopus bracteatus. Hortulanis. 

Mentha Patrini ; floribus spicatis, spicis reclinatis secun- 
dis, ex dupla serie verticillorum densorum conflatis ; 

foliis lanceolatis serratis petiolatis, caule brachiato. 

Lepechin in Nov. Act. Petrop. I. p. 336. t. 8. 



This is a very fragrant annual, belonging to the natural 
£ r <ier oi Labiatce. Native of Siberia, and first discovered 
b y M. Patrin, near the lake Baikal, and described by 
Lepechin, who referred it to the genus Mentha ; as most 
jWhors have since, to that of Hyssopus, till Willdenow 
J n( »ng that it did not correspond with the characters of 
J?y established genus, raised it into a distinct one, in 
^teri's Magazine, and gave it the harsh sounding name 
n Elsholtzia, from John Sigismund Elsholtz, author of 
n unpublished 'Flora Marcica, preserved in the Royal 

library 



library, at Berlin. It is particularly remarkable, by the 
flowers growing in dense spikes of half- whorls, looking all 
one way, and supported at the back by a double row of 
round ovate mucronate bractes. 

According to the Hortus Kewensis, it was introduced, in 
1789, by Richard Molesworth, Esq. and was, for some 
years after, more frequently met with in our gardens, than 
of late ; but we believe no coloured figure of it has been 
before published. 

A hardy annual, worthy of cultivation, both for its 
remarkable aspect and pleasant aromatic scent. Flowers 
from June to August. Communicated by the late Mr. 
Walker, of Arno's Grove, in August 1823. 




***!,/ f**MBm*ra 



C 2561 ) 

Crotalaria retusa. Wedge-leaved 
Crotalaria. 

*********************** 

Class and Order. 

DlADELPHIA DeCANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Legumen turgidum, inflatum, pedicellatum. Filamenta 
connata, cum fissura dorsali. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Crotalaria retusa ; foliis simplicibus oblongis cuneifor- 

mibus retusis, racemo terminali. Willd. Sp. PL 3. 

P- 976. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 4. p. 272. Bot. Reg. 

n. 253. 
Crotalaria retusa ; foliis simplicibus oblongis cuneiform i- 

bus retusis. Sp. PI. 1004. Vahl. Symb. 1. p. 52. ex- 



cluso forsan synonymo Forskohlei. 
Crotalaria asiatica floribus luteis, folio singular! cord 

formi. Herm. Lugdb. p. 200. cum icone. 
Crotalaria major. Rumph. Amb. 5. p. 278. t. 96 
Undale-Cotti. Hort. Malab. 9. p. 45. t. 25. 



Descr. Stem a foot and half high, upright with a few 
wrt branches, fluted, leafy from the bottom. Leaves 
V)ite entire, oblong, wedge-shaped, point obtuse, and ter- 
minated with a short mucro, clothed underneath with short 
pressed hairs, and roughish from small elevated points. 
Wholes very short, fleshy. Stipules minute, recurved, 
aucous. Inflorescence, a terminal raceme, of about twelve 
* e r s Pedicels short, when the flower is expanded, hori- 
, nt al, afterwards recurved. Bractes two small ones at the 
ffi and two very minute about the middle, patent. 
JJgW 5-cleft, the two upper segments largest and divan- 
veU* tflree * ower °nes approximate. Corolla large, 
( ° W : vexillum round, subemarginate, streaked at the 
*' With a short claw, and two hooked appendices: ala 

shorter 



shorter than vexillum, ear-shaped, with short channelled 
claws. Carina shorter than the alee, gibbous, villous at 
the back, with incurved margins. Filaments united half- 
way up, with a dorsal fissure : anthers five globular and 
five linear : pollen minute, globular, yellow. Germen ob- 
long, recurved : Style ascendent, longer than the stamens, 
villous along the upper side. Legumen inflated, cylindri- 
cal, turgid at the sides, and broadest at the point. Seed* 
kidney-shaped. 

Qrotalaria retusa is a handsome annual, with large blos- 
soms. Native of the East Indies. Our plant was raised 
from seeds, received from Mexico, by Mr. Tate, at the 
Sloane Street nursery, although most probably not a native 
of that country, but collected from a garden, in which sus- 
picion we are confirmed, by the same packet having con- 
tained seeds of European plants. Flowers from June to 
August. 



The outline figures represent, 

\, A Legumen. 2, One of the lower leaves. 3, The pistil and stamen;, 
ie netals beinc all remnvprl 



the petals being all removed. 



I I® 




( 2562 ) 

Cactus truncatus. Ringent-flowered 
Cactus. 

Class and Order. 

ICOSANDRIA MoNOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. monophyllus, superus, imbricatus. Cor. multiplex. 
Bacca 1-locularis, polysperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 
Sect. VII. Phyllanthi (vide supra No. 2306.) 

Cactus truncatus ; articulatus prolifer, ramis foliaceo-com- 
pressis cuneatis dentatis apice truncatis setosisque, 
floribus terminalibus solitariis nutantibus. 

Cactus truncatus; ramis recurvo-divaricatis, foliaceo-com- 
pressis, articulis apice lunato-truncatis, floribus termi- 
nalibus solitariis nutantibus, obliquato-ringentibus, 
staminibus adscendentibus, stigmatibus compacte con- 
niventibus. Bot. Reg. 696. 

Epiphyllum truncatum; articulis brevibus subquadrato- 
oblongis apice abrupte truncatis (flore rosco tubuloso, 
fauce ringenti, limbo reflexo). Haworth Suppl. Suc ™j- 
p. 85. Obs. in Hort. Dyckensi notata. anno 1821, 
p. 40. 



This plant is very much branched, the terminal joint 
°nly of each branch bears a solitary rose-coloured shewy 
scentless flower, the inner petals of which are very much 
r eflexed, and the opening oblique, the stamens and style 
ascendent. 

. As the branches are very numerous and the terminal 
J°«its in a thrifty plant generally productive of a flower, 
rt makes altogether a handsome appearance. 
., r ne joints are short and have a few irregular notches at 
lhe sides, which, as well as the truncated termination are 
tl) mished with a pencil of reddish bristles. 



Native of Brazil. Cultivated in the stove. Flowers in 
November and December. Our drawing was taken from 
a specimen sent from his collection at Norwich, by Mr. 
Thomas Hitchen. We received a specimen likewise from 
Mr. Hood, of South Lambeth, in whose collection it has 
flowered very beautifully in the three last winters. 

In the Prince de Salm Dyck/s collection it flowered in 
the months of November and December of 1720, and is 
minutely described in the observations above quoted. 



J£)ol 




&*.lj.j..> 






( 2563 ) 

Lobelia longiflora. Long-flowered 
Lobelia. 

Class and Order. 

Pentandria Monogynia 

(Olim. Syngenesia Monogamia.) 

Generic Character. 

Cor. tubo hinc fisso, raro integro, limbo 5-partito. An- 
there connatae. Stigma bilobum, nunc indivisum. Caps. 
buoculans (raro 3 loc.) apice supero bivalvi. R. Brown 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Lobelia longiflora; foliis lanceolatis dentatis, pedunculis 
brevissimis lateralibus, tubo corolla*, filiformi longis- 
simo. Sp. PL 1319. Willd. 1. p. 942. Pers. Syn. 
'■P- 213. n. 29. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. \.p 357. Roem. 

f Q Ch " S y sL 5 P- 45 - Jac 9- Hort - Vindob. 1. p. 10. 

»• 27. Jacq. Am. p. 219.— Am. Pict. t. 200. Browne 

Jam. p. 322. 
Kapunculus aquaticus, foliis cichorei, flore albo: tubo 

iongissimo. Sloane Hist. I. p. 158. t. 101. f. 2. Raj. 
T Suppl.383. J J 

RA S g LIUM soncn * folio, flore albo longissimo. Plum, ic 

hi h CR ' Root P erenn »al. Stem a foot, or foot and half 
six • U ? ri £ ht ' branched. Leaves alternate, from three to 
* inches long, irregularly notched : teeth mucronate. 
the 1 k Saxillary ' so,i tary, one-flowered, very short, when 
Cat ' ?* is m flower upright, but cernuous when in fruit. 
the^Tk °° thed ; teeth su °ulate, the lower one smallest, 
. other four equal. Tube of Corolla above three inches 
ol a f ' c y llndrica l villous : limb five cleft : laciniae lance- 
0n i e> e q»al, white, veined. Filaments united at the tip 
th e | : ant u hers united, curved, bearded at the tip. Style 
M^fh" ° f the stamens : Stig™* globular, hairy, green : 

Lobf.ua 



Lobelia longiflora, according to Jacquin, who suffered 
himself from its acrimony, is a very poisonous plant, pro- 
ducing incurable diarrhceas, if taken internally, fatal to 
horses that may browse upon its leaves, and inflaming the 
skin where touched by the juice, especially the lips and 
eyelids. The same author observes, that if kept in a part 
of the stove, where the air stagnates, this becomes so in- 
fected by its noxious effluvia, that a person cannot bear 
to remain long in it, from its irritating eifects on the lungs 
and nostrils. 

Native of Jamaica and other islands in the West Indies. 
Requires to be kept in the stove. Flowers from June to 
September. Communicated by Thomas C. Palmer, Esq. 
of Bromley, in Kent, who raised it from seeds gathered 
in the Jardin des Plants, at Paris, in 1823. 



We are desired by the Secretary to the Horticultural Society to correct tie 
following mistakes in the last number. 

No. 2556, For "Captain Mayer" read "Captain Mayne." 
No. 2558, For " Botanist to the Horticultural Society" read "Assistant 
Secretary at the g-arden to the Horticultural Society." 



$.2m. 




( 2564 ) 
Primula sinensis. Chinese Primrose. 

ft- ft- v ft, ft ,~i' fti ft. ftn i*^ ft- ft- .'V- ft- ~-l / . ft- ft- ft- _'!'. 
•■flr vf: /f. 1 vlS 7J- vJS Vf- Vf- <$• 4> 't v •iS / f s "T" %> <t> 'IS 4> Vr- 

Cfoss awrf Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 5-dentatus. Cor. hypocrateriformis tubo cylin- 
drico fauce, pervia. Stigma globosum. Caps, unilocularis 
apice 10-dentata. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Primula sinensis; foliis lobatis incisis hirsutis, floribus 
umbellatis : umbellis saepe proliferis, calyce inflato 
conico basi intruso. 

Primula sinensis; foliis lobatis incisis hirsutis, floribus 
verticillatis, corollas limbo obliquo, calyce conico- 
inflato. Hooker Exot.FL\0b. 

Primula sinensis; calycibus inflatis decern -dentalis, co- 
rollis crenato-incisis. Lindley Collect. Bot. 7. 

Primula pnenitens ; (pubeseens, uinbella nunc bis proli- 
fera) calyce membranaceo, ovato, ventricoso, inde- 
finite multifido; fceto capsula inflato-distento : corollae 
laciniis superne inciso-dentatis. Bot. Reg. 539. 



Descr. Root perennial. Leaves all radical, cordate- 
° v ate, frequently red underneath, many-lobed : lobes den- 
*je; lower ones incurved; Petioles longer than the leaf, 
r ? b ust: channelled, dilated at the base, and, as well as 
^ whole plant, covered with a soft pubescence. Scapes 
^eral from the same root, bearing many purplish crim- 
en flowers in an umbel, which is frequently once or twice 
Parous making the flowers verticillate ; but this pro- 
S* b| y arises from luxuriance, and is not natural. Ine 
no *ers are supported singly on slender peduncles two or 
?** inches long, at the base of which are lanceolate 
cU i^ sometimes quite entire, sometimes variously m- 
***> corresponding in number to the peduncles, talyx 



inflated, conical, with a flattened or intruded base, striate, 
with five connivent teeth, quite entire in the specimens 
which we examined. Corolla saucer-shaped ; tube half an 
inch long-, cylindrical: limb plain, five-cleft; lacinia ob- 
cordate, generally with quite entire margins; but, some- 
times on the same plant from luxuriance, variously incised, 
oblique with respect to the tube. Stamens five : filaments 
very short: anthers oblong-oval, included within the tube: 
pollen yellowish. Germen globular, sessile, streaked at the 
point, marking out the future dehiscence of the ripe cap- 
sule : Style and globular stigma both included. 

The first plant that flowered in this country had so ge- 
nerally more than five teeth to the calyx, and a corolla so 
variously jagged, as to lead to a doubt whether it really 
belonged to the genus Primula, and Dr. Hooker has con- 
sidered the species as consisting of two distinct varieties ; 
but to us it appears most probable, that when the num- 
ber of the teeth of the calyx exceeds five, and the margins 
of the corolla are not entire, this deviation is the effect of 
cultivation, and arises from luxuriance only ; as we suspect 
does also the verticillate appearance of the scape, a kind 
of monstrosity which sometimes takes place in the common 
polyanthus. 

This beautiful acquisition to our greenhouses was re- 
ceived from China, and first cultivated with success in this 
country by Thomas C. Palmer, Esq. of Bromley, in Kent, 
who kindly communicated recent specimens in its different 
stages of growth. This gentleman observes " that it B 
generally considered as very shy of producing seed, but 
that he always has sufficient, and remarks, that impregna- 
tion is assisted by blowing into the flower. He treats it 
as a very hardy greenhouse plant ; says it thrives best m 
rich loam with a large proportion of sand, and requires to 
be well watered, but not over the plant, as it is apt to rot 
at the crown. It is rarely out of bloom, but is in its greatest 
beauty in the winter and spring months. " , 

In the present month (March 1825), at the Horticultural 
society's establishment atChiswick, we were delighted «JJ 
seeing a large collection of these plants under glass in the 
front of one of the houses ; when viewed in this manner 
assembled many together, they are seen to much grea* er 
advantage than in detached individuals. 

Our drawing was made from a fine plant communicate" 
in April 1824, by Mr. Joseph Knight, of the exotic n" r ' 
sery. in the King's Road. Chelsea 




Im 



( 2565 ) 

llgustrum lucidum. chinese privet, 
or Wax-tree. 

Class and Order. 

Diandric Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 
Cat. 4-dentatus. Cor. 4-fida. Bacca 4-sperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Ligustrum lucidum; foliis ovato-oblongis acuminatis 
supra lucidis, panicula divaricatissima. Hort. Kew. 
ed. alt. I. p. 19. Roem. et Sch. 1. p. 77. Poiret 
Encycl. Bot. suppl. 5. p. 369. 



The Ligustrum lucidum is a very handsome shrub, eight 
or nine feet high, sufficiently hardy to bear our winters 
without protection, at least if planted against a wall, in a 
w arm situation. The branches are covered with a kind of 
corky glands ; the lower leaves are much larger than those 
represented in our figure, ovate-acuminate, or ovate-lanceo- 
•ate, narrowed at the base, shining on the upper surface 
and on the under covered with a very minute pubescence, 
invisible to the naked eye, and small black dots. The 
flowers are white, sweet-scented and grow at the extremities 
°f the branches in very large, mostly trichotomously di- 
v ^ed panicles. This fine shrub was introduced from China, 
about the year 1794, by the late Sir Joseph Banks, Bart. 
b y whose zeal so many valuable acquisitions were made to 
ou r gardens. 

It flowers from July to September. Propagated by cut- 
[ m gs. From the berries, which have not been produced 
«ere, a vegetable wax is said to be procured in China. 

Our drawing of this plant, of which we do not know that 
tQ ere exists any published figure, was made from a fine 
\? ecimen communicated by Messrs. Whitley, Brame, and 
^lne, of the Fulham Nursery. 




M l^JXuniryralwDtth'.iCa-ieZf 



Y,U<M*- 



( 2566 ) 

oenothera triloba. dandelion-leaved 
Evening-Primrose. 

Class and Order. 

OCTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 4-fidus, tubulosus. Petala 4, calyci inserta. Capsula 
4-locularis, 4-valvis, cylindrica, infera. Sem. nuda. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

(Enothera triloba; subacaulis, foliis glabris runcinatis, 
petalis subtrilobis capsulis sessilibus, coronatis quadri- 
alatis: alis uni-dentatis. 

U^nothera triloba; acaulis, foliis interrupte pinnatifidis 
dentatis glabris, petalis apice trilobis, capsulis, quadri- 
alatis magnis. Barton Flora ofN. Amer. 490. exNuttall. 



uescr. Root annual or biennial. Leaves all radical, 

ijooth, unequally and pinnatifidly incised, with the terminal 

ooe large, lanceolate-ovate, toothed, very like those of the 

andelion. Flowers vpllnw * at first, spssile at the crown of 



j"! 00 ^ unequally and pinnatifidly incised, with the terminal 
Dan 
le root, but, under cultivation, after the flowers are over, 



Flowers yellow ; at first sessile at the crown of 



-j ~«*, uuuci Lunivauun, aiici lug uuwcia »it, */»*•*, 

e stem rises to about two inches in length, bearing alter- 
j atej sessile capsules. Tube of the Calyx about two inches 
h Sl J imb lanceolat e, folded back. Petals approaching 
orbicular, overlapping, undulate, crenulate, mucronate 
t , lh a small middle lobule, giving them somewhat of a 
r ee-lobed appearance. Filaments shorter by half than 
tha P6t k ls : Anthers versatile, oblong. Style a little longer 
11 the stamens, declined : Stigma 4-cleft, segments 



leafff 111 ^' Ca P s ^ ie ovate, crowned with four spreading 
midrfl 4 " win ^ e ^ each wing having one tooth about the 
v>m , Pointing downwards, four-celled. Seeds many, 
^ewhat three cornered. 

In 



. In Dr. Barton's Flora the capsules are described as en- 
tirely radical, but in our plant, after the flowering was over 
they were raised upon a short stem. The flowers in his 
figure are smaller than with us, and more decidedly three 
lobed at the point. 

There is a near affinity between this species and the 
acaulis of Cavanilles, the grandifiora of the Flora Peru- 
viana, which also, under cultivation, becomes caulescent, 
and to a greater degree, as appears by the figure given 
of it in the Botanical Register ; but that species has white 
flowers, and differs in the form of its capsules, and in other 
respects. Triloba is not a good name, we think that tarax- 
acifolia would have been much better, but having been 
published under the former in America, we do not hold 
it right to change it. 

A hardy annual or biennial. Native of the arid and al- 
most denudated Prairies of the Red River, in North Ame- 
rica, where it was first discovered, in 1819, by Professor 
Nuttall, who gave seeds of it, with his name attached, 
to Robert Barclay, Esq. of Bury Hill, to whom we are 
indebted for the communication of the plant from which 
our drawing was taken, in September, 1824. 







U iy I imii, Wa.1mnA.Um, 1BU 



( 2567 ) 
Urtica reticulata. Net-leaved Nettle. 

«***«*«**»**•&** 

Class and Order. 
MoNCECIA Tetrandria. 

Generic Character. 

Masc. Cat. 4-phyllus. Cor. o. Nectarium centrale, 
cyathiforme. 
Pem. Cal. 2-valvis. Cor. o. Sem. I, nitidum. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Urtica reticulata ; foliis oppositis oblongis acutis serratis 
subtus reticularis, stipulis ovatis integris, racemis 
paniculatis (dichotomis) foliis brevioribus. Swartz 
Prodr. 35.— Fl. Ind. occid. 1 . p. 286. 

Urtica reticulata; foliis oppositis oblongis acutis trinerviis 
apice serratis subtus reticulatis crassiusculis, corymbis 
folio brevioribus. Willd. Sp. PL 4. p. 351. Hort. 
Kew. ed. alt. 5. p. 262. Persoon Syn. 2. p. 552. n. 13. 



A small shrub ; leaves opposite,, petiolated, ovate-acumi- 
n ate, three-nerved, serrate, except at the rounded base, 
naked on both sides, but reticulate-veined on the under. 
J/oicersgrow, from the axils of the leaves, in dichotomously 

2J ded cor y mbs ; shorter than the leaves, but the common 
peduncle is longer than the petiole. It is distinguished from 
Cr Q8sifolia by the corymbs being shorter than the leaves 
a nd by the want of hairs on the underside of the leaves. 

1 »ough a nettle, the Urtica reticulata is rather a hand- 
le plant, from the deep green foliage and yellow and red 
nowers. Native of Jamaica. Requires to be cultivated 
l"toe stove. Introduced in 1793, by Rear Admiral 

v iUu M Bligh. Communicated by Mr. Blare, from the 
col 'ection of the late Mr. Vere, at Kensington Gore, in 
^gust, 1821 . We believe no figure of this plant has been 
**&>* published. 



Izm. 




f«-ih-'UHu.lfthrjrtk.y . 



W**±- 



( 2568 ) 
Solanum Balbisii. Balbis's Nightshade. 

******************** 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. monophyllus, persistens, 5 — 10-fidus. Cor. 1-pe- 
tala, rotata., 4-5-6-divisa. Antherte 4 — 6, oblongae, apice 
poris duobus dehiscentes. Bacca 2 — 6-locularis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Solanum Balbisii ; caule fruticoso villoso aculeato., foliis 
pinnatifidis, laciniis acutis sinuato-dentatis., racemis 
cymosis lateralibus terminalibusque. Dunal Solan, 
p. 232. t. 3. f. d. 

Solanum Balbisii; foliis subbipinnatifidis viscoso-hirsutis 
aculeatis, laciniis acutis sinuatis,, pedunculis lateralibus 
cymosis, caule suffruticoso viscoso-hirsuto aculeato. 
Springel Syst. Veg. 1. p. 687. 

Solanum decurrens. Balb. Ic. et Descr. fasc. 1. p. 17. t. I. 
ex Jacq. 

Solanum brancaefolium. Jacq. Eclog. 1 . p. 14. t. 7. 

Solanum inflatum ; caule hispido, foliis pinnatifidis: la- 
ciniis sinuatis acutis, calycibus quinquangularibus 
aculeatis fructum duplo minorem obtegentibus. Hor- 
nem. Hort. Hafn. 1. p. 221. 

Solanum sisymbrifolium ; aculeatum, foliis subbipinnati- 
fidis villosis aculeatis: lobis dentatis, stigmate bilobo 
Lam. III. n . 2386. fide Dunal. Encycl. Bot. p. 307. 

Solanum viscosum ; villoso-viscosum, aculeatum : foliis 
subbipinnatifido-sinuatis, pedunculis suboppositifoliis 
racemoso-multifloris, calycibus fructiferis submflatis 
membranaceis. Lagasca Nov. Gen. et Spec. p. 10. 
n. 145. 



Descr. A branched under-shrub. Stem and alternate 
br anches covered with glandular hairs mixed with yel- 
lowish 



lowish straight prickles. Leaves sinuate-pinnatifid, with 
lobes sinuate-dentate, prickly on both sides along the 
nerves, and villous, but nevertheless shining deep green on 
the upper. Peduncles lateral, frequently opposite the 
leaves, hairy, viscous, and prickly, terminated in a few- 
flowered corymb : pedicles snorter than the calyx. Calyx 
somewhat inflated, five-cleft, with lanceolate segments, 
prickly. (Baron Jacquin remarks, that in the sterile flowers 
the calyx is hairy, and in the fruitful flowers prickly). 
Corolla large, the size of that of the potatoe, white, with 
a very slight tinge of purple, filaments very short : anthers 
equal, yellow, distinct, not connivent. We have not seen 
the fruit, but Jacquin describes it as being orange red, and 
of the size and form of a cherry. 

This species belongs to a section to which Dunal has 
given the name of Cryptocarpum, from the fruit being 
covered by the enlarged calyx. 

It has fallen to the lot of few species to undergo such a 
variety of names. Besides the six inserted in the above 
synonymy, it is supposed that four others occur in the 
catalogues of different gardens, viz. formosum, maim- 
tanum, Thouinii, and viscidum, making together ten 
names all applied to the same species, the Solanum Bal- 
bisii of Dunal. 

Some of the above synonyms are of older date than 
Dunal's, and have therefore the right of priority ; but as 
the latter has been adopted in the two general systems now 
in course of publication, those of Roemer and Schultes, 
and of Sprengel, and will no doubt be preserved by D E 
Candolle, any attempt to restore any of the others would 
be only increasing the confusion ; we have therefore not 
hesitated to follow Dunal, the author, under the auspices 
of De Candolle, of a laborious and useful monograph on 
Solanum. We presume, however, to hope, that the pi** 
ceptor when he revises the genus for his own system, will 
frame a better arrangement ; for the making the first divi- 
sions depend upon so variable a character as the Inerniio. 
and Aculeata, seems to us to be stumbling at the very 
threshold. 

Native of South America. Cultivated in the stove 
Flowers most part of the summer. 

The specimen from which our drawing was taken *• 
communicated by A. B. Lambert, Esq. from his collection 
at Boy ton, in June 1815. 




rm^Uvu, ,»~w»*.*^ ^j, 



( 2569 ) 
Orchis sulphurea. Pale-yellow Orchis. 

****************** 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. ringens. Labellum subtus calcaratum. Glandular 
1—2 pedicellorum pollinis inclusae cucullo unico. Brown. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Orchis sulphurea; scapo nudo, labello apice levissime 
trilobo, cornu adscendente, bracteis germen aequanti- 
bus. 

Orchis sulphurea. Schrader ex Steudel nomencl. ? 

Orchis sambucina. Broteri non Linncei ? 

We have only the authority of Steudel for supposing 
th at the Orchis sambucina of Brotero, is not Linnaeus's 
species, not having any means of comparing Schrader's 
account. Our plant, which has been supposed to be the 
^nbucina, is undoubtedly quite different from the figure 
an d description of that species in Jacquin's Flora Austri- 
aca , quoted by Linnaeus. In our plant the Scape has no 
eaves except quite at the base ; the Bractes are not longer 
! an tfl e germen; the horn or spur is adscendent; the la- 
0e wm is entire, except two slight indentations at the point ; 
p no purple spots nor streaks, and is more oblong. 
»i Jacquin's plant the Scape has five leaves disposed alter- 
, nate ly along it; the Bractes equal the whole flower m 
en §th ; the Spur is dependent ; the Labellum is crenate all 
eol the mar g in ' is spotted and streaked with a purplish 
°ur, and is nearly orbicular. . . 

Uur drawing was taken from a plant communicated, in 
^ 1824, by our friend Alexander M c Leay, Esq. 



( 2570 ) * 

aconitum ochroleucum. pale-yellow 
Wolf's-bane. 

Class and Order. 

POLYANDRIA TrIGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. o. Petala 5 : supremo fornicato. Nectaria 2, pedun- 
culata, recurva. Siliqua 3. s. 5. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Aconitum ochroleucum ; galea conica elongata, calcare 
arcuato, labio (nectarii) lanceolato, foliis vix subtus 
pubeseentibus palmato - quinquelobis, laciniis tripar- 
titis acute inciso-dentatis. Decand. Syst. Veg. 1. p. 
371. Marsch. v. Bieb. Cent.pl. rar. ross. 1. t. 12. 

Aconitum ochroleucum; cuculli calcare arcuato obtuso, 
labio lanceolato emarginato, galea conica elongata, 
foliis subtus pubeseentibus palmato - quinquelobis : 
laciniis tripartitis inciso-dentatis. Willd. Sp. PL 2. 
p. 1233. Marsch. v. Bieb. Flor. Caucas. 2. p. 14. 
Suppl. p. 372. 

Aconitum Lycoctonum orientale, flore magno albo. Tourn. 
Cor. p. 30 ? 

Aconjti species Lycoctono affinis. Tourn. It. ed. gallic 2. 
p. 128. fide Marschall v. Bieb. 



Perhaps several of the synonyms applied by De Can- 
»olle to A. Lycoctonum may belong to this species. They 
are both very nearly allied; we have indeed found it diffi- 
cult to decide to which our plant ought to be referred ; 
b ut we have the authority of Dr. Fischer and a comparison 
Wl th the figure above quoted, in Marschall van Bieber- 
stein's Centuria in support of its being really the ochro- 
wcum. 

The two nectaria which are concealed within the helmet- 
tormed petal are supported on pedicles nearly an inch 

long 



long, are lanceolate, and emarginate at the point or label- 
lum, obtuse, and revolute at the base or spur end. The 
calcar or spur of the upper petal is somewhat curved, but 
not spirally twisted. The leaves are smooth on the upper 
surface, and only slightly hairy along the nerves on the 
under, and the lobes are more acutely incised than in 
A. Lycoctonum. 

The flowers are said in the uncultivated state to be very 
frequently quite white. 

A hardy perennial. Native of the mountainous pastures 
of Caucasus. Flowers from June to September. Intro- 
duced in 1794, by Messrs. Loddiges and Sons. Commu- 
nicated by Mr. Joseph Knight, of the Exotic Nursery. 



Im. 




f^l.ifj ^i.-.».i»w«..*-., 



( 2571 ) 

Camellia japonica. var. m. Chandler's 
new Camellia. 



Class and Order. 

MONADELPHIA PoLYANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. imbricatus, polyphyllus: foliolis interioribus ma- 

joribus. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Camellia japonica; foliis acute serratis acuminatis. Willd. 
Sp. PL 3. p. 842. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 4. p. 235. Bot. 
Mag. supra, n. 42. et n. 1670. 



The varieties of this beautiful tree are become almost 
innumerable. Many have been imported from China, and 
m any have been raised from seeds in this country ; our 
Present subject is one of the latter. It was raised, from 
seeds procured by impregnating the pistillum of the an- 
emony-flowered variety with the pollen of the striped red, 
ty Messrs. Chandler and Buckingham, at their nursery, 
v auxhall. 

In many of the varieties of Camellia, the numerous 
stamens are converted entirely into petals, without anthers, 
J n « so numerous as to suffocate entirely the pistillum ; 
from these, of course, no seeds can be procured But in 
tQ e anemony-flowered, or Warratah variety, although the 
stamens are all converted into small petals, the pistillum 
! s kft perfect, and the style terminated by its stigma, pro- 
jects considerably beyond the central petals, as may be 
* ee n in our figure n. 1654, which allows of the flower 
J ei "g impregnated by such varieties as may happen to 
*** perfect anthers. In our present variety the general 
?°lour is a bright crimson, variegated with white ; the m- 
& tenia I 



ternal part of the flower consists of stamens converted into 
small petals as in the anemony-flowered., but the outer 
broad petals are more numerous. The pistillum seemed 
to be perfect,, with its style and stigma, though scarcely 
protruded beyond the central petals. Communicated in 
January last, by Messrs. Chandler and Buckingham. 



( 2572 ) 
Cotyledon coccinea. Scarlet navel-wort. 

il'-. .St'-. ■ N I / . As. &\ As. As. A'. As. . V V. A'. A'. A". A'. A". .St', ."-fr. .^"t 
My MS MS MS MS MS MS ■a 1 - MS MS MS MS MS MS MS ▼ MS M> 

C2#ss awe? Order. 
Decandria Pentagynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. 5-fidus. Cor. 1-petala. Squama nectariferae 5, 
ad basin germinis. Caps. 5. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Cotyledon coccinea ; foliis obovatis acutis carnosis, spica 
foliosa terminali. Willd. Sp. PL 2. p. 756. 

Cotyledon coccinea; foliis subspathulatis acutis carnosis, 
floribus spicatis sessilibus. Cav. ic. 2. p. 54. t. 170. 

Cotyledon coccinea; caulescens : foliis capitato-collectis 
spathulato-lanceolatis concavis mollissimis pubescen- 
tibus, racemis lateralibus longissimis adscendentibus, 
bracteatim foliolosis. Haworth succul. suppl. p. 2b. 

Cotyledon coccineum. Lodd. Cab. 832. 



Stem fruticose, marked with the vestiges of the fallen 
lea yes. Leaves alternate, obovate, acute, recurved, villous, 
jute entire, aggregate at the extremities of the barren 
branches. Flowers in terminal spikes, alternate. Bractes 
0n e under each flower, subulate, deciduous. Calyx nve- 
cle ft, villous : segments subulate, spreading, recurved, 
nearly the length of the corolla. Corolla obtusely nve- 
^gled; petals erect, keeled, acute, at first deep orange, 

urning reddar with age, pale within. Stamens ten ti- 
kments half the length of the petals, five opposite the 
P e tah and five between them. Germens five. Styles green, 
c °nnivent at their points. Stigmas simple^ 

A hardy greenhouse shrub. Native of Teneriftc. Com- 
^nicated by Messrs. Whitley, Bbame, and Milne, ot 

10 p ulham Nursery, in February, 1822. 




7W t> tJmrtU W K l„ ,-rth. Ju.u JB25 



( 2573 ) 

HlPPEASTRUM SoLANDRIFLORUxW, /3. SoLAN- 
DRA-FLOWERED KNIGHTS-STAR LILY, Var. 2. 

****************** 

Class and Order. 

Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. Vide supra No. 2273. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Hippeastrum solandriflorum ; foliis pallide viridibus, scapo 
3-pedali, corolla cernua, 8 — 10-unciali, tubo 3—4- 
unciali, fauce iaevi, stylo corolla breviore, stigmate 
breviter trilobo. 

Amaryllis solandri flora. Lindley Coll. Bot. t. 11. 

Hippeastrum solandriflorum. Nobis in appendice, p. 31. 

«• corolla chloroleuca. Lindley Coll. Bot. f. 11. 

\N corolla chloroleuca, rubro striata. 

jy cor olla chloroleuca, tubo purpureo. 

['■) corolla chloroleuca striata, tubo purpureo. Bot. Reg. 
876. 

Descr. Bulb like that oivittatum. Leaves channelled, 
j£ le green, two inches wide, from one to two feet long. 
* a /»e a yard high. Flowers three or more, with little or 
?° scent. Corolla cernuous, from eight to ten and a half 
j" ches Jong. TwJe from three to four and a half inches 
°% smooth within. Limb greenish white; in var. & the 
^tnen, tube and limb, are striped outwardly with dingy 
J ; »n var. *, the tube is green; in y, purple; m i, the 
. Ube purple, and the limb striped. Filaments shorter than 
ffyle: the upper filament inserted half an inch withm 
C , tu °e; the lowest an inch lower than the upper one. 

iobed* Httle Sh ° rt€r than the limb " SUgma Sh ° rtly ~ 

Ai? 8 of tw <> varieties were imported by Mr. Brookes, 

"* Cayenne. The figure of var. «, in the Collectanea 

° Botanica 



Botanica was made, from a plant which flowered at his nur- 
sery, with the corolla, eight inches long, without any red 
stripe. Our sketch of var (3, was taken from a bulb 
imported by Mr. Lee, from Brazil, which flowered, in the 
Spoflbrth collection, with flowers, measuring from nine to 
ten and a half inches. That with the purple tube, figured 
in the Bot. Reg. and var. a, both from Maranham, have also 
flowered at Spoflbrth ; variety y, flowered in Mr. Cattley's 
collection, at East Barnet. The flowers of this fine species 
have a general resemblance to those of Lilium japonicum. 
The graduated insertion of the filaments in the tube, which 
is one of the most important features of the genus, is strik- 
ingly conspicuous in this species, of which the lower side of 
the tube is abbreviated by a full inch. The view of its 
tube and filaments, given in the Collectanea Botanica, as a 
dissection, does not shew either the obliquity of the tube, or 
the insertion of the filaments. The tube, though shorter 
than the limb, is longer in proportion in this, than in any 
other known species. The bulbs thrive freely in the stove, 
and flower upon a shelf. Mules have been produced at 
Spoflbrth by its pollen, from H. stt/losum, H. pulverulentum, 
and H. regince-vittatum. W. H. 



Reference to the figure of the dissection. 

a. Section of the upper part of the tube, shewing the graduated inser- 
tion and the length of the filaments. N. B. The two lateral filaments, wnica 
adhere to the portion of the tube which is cut away, to give a view of the in- 
side, correspond in length and insertion with the opposite laterals b. and c. 




7«i ty. Uurtu , WUirarth. TuntlBii 



-KJjM.f' 



( 2574 ) 
Madia viscosa. Clammy Madia. 

*************** 

Class and Order. 

Syngenesia Polygamia Superflua. 

Generic Character. 

Recept. nudum. Pappus null us. Cal. duplex: exterior 
8— 10-phyllus : .interior polyphyllus. Sem. plana, convexa. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Madia viscosa; foliis sessilibus sublanceolatis viscosis, 

floribus axillaribus. Cav. Ic. 3. p. 50. t. 298. 
Madia viscosa ; foliis lanceolatis sessilibus viscosis, calyci- 

bus exterioribus decaphyllis. Willd. Sp. PL 3. p. 

1952. Persoon Syn. 2. p. 430. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 

5. p. 31. Poiret Encycl. Bot. Suppl. 3. p. 570. 
Madia mellosa; foliis sessilibus, calycibus decaphyllis, 

radiis quinquefloris. Jacq. Hort. Schoznb. 3. p. 29. 

t. 302. 
Madia mellosa ; foliis amplexicaulibus lanceolatis. Molina 

Chil. ed. ital. p. 137. ed. gallic, p. 108. 

We have very little doubt, but that Madia mellosa and 
viscosa are the same species, in different stages of growth ; 
we ought, therefore, perhaps, to have made use of the for- 
mer appellation, as having the right of priority; but the 
latter having been generally adopted in the systems, we 
tnmk it best to adhere to it, as least likely to occasion con- 
tusion. 

The number of the leaflets of the outer calyx is uncertain ; 
out after the flowering is over, they increase irregularly in 
s jze, and exceed the inner calyx ; whereas, in an early stage, 
the outer calyx is considerably shorter than the inner. The 
w hole plant is covered with glandular hairs, which exude 
a clammy secretion. 

°ur plant was raised in the open ground, and, probably, 

upon 



upon that account, never arrived at a perfect state, as the 
flowers did not produce any radius. 

Molina mentions only two species as growing in Chili, 
the one wild and the other cultivated. The latter does not 
appear to have been ever brought to Europe ; although in 
Chili, they procure from the seeds, either by pressure or 
simple boiling, a very pure eatable oil, which Feuillee 
preferred to that of olives. 

Native of Chili. Introduced in 1794, by Archibald 
Menzies, Esq. Our specimens were communicated by N. 
Hodson, Esq. from the Botanic Garden, at Bury St. 
Edmunds, in July, 1823. 




#2/7/. 



W/A 






9> 




tort 





P>li.bj.J./i t rtti.ltatm>nk^. }+n.ciaii. 



( 2575 ) 
Dracaena stricta. Upright Dkac^na. 

Class and Order, 

Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. 6-partita, erecta. Filamenta medio subcrassiora 
(aut simplicia.) Bacca 3-Iocularis : loculis I-spermis. 

Specific Character. 

Dracaena stricta ; caule fruticoso stricto, foliis confertis 
Hneari-lanceolatis mucronatis margine scabris, racemo 
laterali cernuo composite. 



Descr. Stem shrubby, upright, scarred with the marks 
of fallen leaves, nearly five feet high. Leaves very close 
together, linear-lanceolate, stem-embracing, recurved, mu- 
cronate, margin scabrous, smooth on both sides, dark green. 
*n our plant, a single purplish peduncle came out from the 
s 'Qe of the stem near the top, extending horizontally, or 
somewhat cernuous, nearly two feet, with two or three 
distant joints, and a leaf-like bracte at each joint, bearing 
a compound raceme of numerous lilac-coloured flowers, 
u>e branches of which were alternate, and spread hori- 
zontally, with a single lanceolate-mucronate bracteole at 
the base of each. Pedicels three or four times shorter than 
the flower, lilac-coloured, with a small spathaceous brac- 
feole, shorter than the pedicel, at the base of each. Corolla 
inferior, divided into six lacinia? : three exterior ones at 
nr §t erect : interior ones broader, and revolute ; afterwards 
all become revolute, and finally again erect and connivent 
^aniens six, the length of the flower : filaments inserted 
Wo the base of the laciniae : anthers equalling the filaments, 
oblong, versatile, yellow. Germen superior, globular, 
wee celled : style longer than stamens : stigma simple 
We cannot find that this plant corresponds with the 

description 



description of any recorded species of Dracaena ; it differs 
from australis in having a compound lateral, not a supra- 
decompound terminal raceme ; and if compared with the 
young plants of Australis, in Messrs. Loddiges and Son's 
collection, the leaves are less rigid ; in the latter, the leaves 
are not at all recurved, are smooth at the margin, and of 
a, paler, yellower green ; in other respects the foliage of 
both is much alike. We at first thought it might he the 
indivisa of Forster; but on comparing it with the sketch of 
that plant, by the author, preserved in Mr. Brown's library, 
we find it bears very little resemblance to it. 

Our drawing and description were taken at Mr. Brookes's 
Nursery, at Ball's Pond, where it flowered in the stove, in 
March last, but we could not learn with certainty its native 
country ; supposed, however, to be New Zealand, or New 
Holland. 



The outline-figure represents the whole plant in miniature. 



¥.2516. 




■-rt«-Wu2mTtiL.7 u .„ 



( 2576 ) 

Anthyllis Hermanns. Lavender-leaved 
Kidney-Vetch. 

■^fr- .St / - .St'- ak &- .St^- .SL*- .St'- cif. lit -St / . ^ -St''. -^ ."fr. .^i -4''. -'t'. A*. &• 
'/js vjv vj> "/}» vj? vjs /JS vj. vjv vjv "/f» ■, jy 7[s 7fr vfN "/js." <x> /*» -v MS 

C/ass awd Order. 

DlADELPHIA DECANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 
Cal. ventricosus. Legumen subrotundum, tectum., mo- 



no- 



s. tn-spermum. 



Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Anthyllis Hermannice ; fructicosa, foliis ternatis lineari- 
cuneatis subpetiolatis, calycibus campanulatis, ramis 
spinescentibus. Vahl. Symb. 3. p. 88. Willd. Sp. 
PL 3. p. 1020. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 4. p. 284. Per- 
soon. Syn. 2. p. 293. 

Anthyllis hermannice; fruticosa, foliis ternatis subpetiolatis, 
calycibus nudis. Sp. PL 1014. Sm. Prodr. FL 
Grcec. 2. p. 60. Icon. FL Gr. t. 683. ined. Mart. 
Mill. Diet. 

Dorycnium foliis solitariis, floribus ad alas confertis. Hort. 
Cliff. 371. 

Aspalathus cretica ; foliis trinis cuneiformibus glabris, 
lateralibus brevioribus, stipulis obsoletis, floribus con- 
gests. Sp. PL 1002. tide Vahl. 

Cytisus grcecus ; foliis simplicibus lanceolato-lineanbus, 
ramis angulatis. Sp. PL 1043. fide Smith. 

»arb a Jovis cretica Linaria? folio, flore luteo parvo. Tourn. 
Cor. 44. Rivin. Tetrap. irreg. t. 4. / 2. 

kPARTiuM spinosum. Alp. Exot. 27. t. 26. 



11 is very remarkable, that Linnaeus in his elaborate 
Y>rk, the species Plantarum, in which he has described all 
the plants known to him at that time, should so very rarely 
Rerecorded the same plant under two different names; 
W it has been the fate of this species to have been given, 

in 



in that work, under three different genera, viz. Aspalathus, 
Cytisus, and Anthyllis; and in one of the same author's 
earlier works, the Hortus Cliffortianus, he had before called 
it a Dorycnium. 

A small shrub ; native of the Levant ; generally kept in 
the Greenhouse, but supposed to be sufficiently hardy to 
bear our ordinary winters, as Miller remarks, that it was 
not uncommon in our gardens, till all the plants were de- 
stroyed, by the severe frost of 1739 — 1740, after which he 
had not seen it. Flowers from April to July. 

Communicated by P. B. Webb, Esq. from his late col- 
lection at Godalmin, in July, 1822. 



( 2577 ) 

Camellia Japonica. var. f. Knight's 
new Warratah Camellia. 

A'.. •&'. -J/. >V. v!/. vl/..vl/. S/. A' vt*. •!/ -J/ -J/, vt/. vl/. vt/ vi/. vl/. -fr, .•&'■'&'. -1'. ,*^- ,•>!>■■ .vt*. 

V|s '/Js VJs Iff '/J. '/J. '/Js Vfs V Js '$! "/J. '/IS "jfl» 'Jft '$! '/Js "5l» "^s '/P *4s "/Js "^ '/^ "^. */l^ 

CZ«ss awd Order. 

MoNADELPHIA PoLYANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. imbricatus, polyphyllus : foliolis interioribus majo- 

ribus. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Camellia Japonica; foliis acute serratis acuminatis. Willd. 
Sp. PL 3. p. 842. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 4. p. 235. 
Bot. Mag. supra N u - 42, 1654, 1670, 2571. 



This variety of Camellia japonica was raised, by Mr. 
Joseph Knight, from seeds procured from the Warratah, or 
Anemony-flowered variety, impregnated probably by the 
Pollen of a semi-double variety, at the Exotic Nursery in 
the King's Road. It differs from the one figured m our 
last number, particularly in having fewer of the large 
petals, and in the central ones bearing some, more or less 
Perfect, anthers. 







Lh :i 




( 2578 ) 

Brunsvigia Josephine, y. Josephine 
Brunswick-lily, Tate's variety. 

******************* 

Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynja. 

Generic Character. 

Scapus et pedunculi solidi. Germen trigone obovatum, 
declinatum, ovulis paucis biseriatis. Tubus angulose sub- 
cylmdraceus^ saepe subnullus. Lacinice sursum curvatae 
apice reflex* subaequales. Genitalia sursum curvata. Fila- 
menta laciniis prope basin inserta, tria (externis scilicet) 
v *x profundius. Antherce incumbentes,, medio affixae. Stig- 
ma simplex vel obtuse trilobum. Capsula recta, trigona, 
Jrisulca, trilocularis, trivalvis. Semina pisiformia vel ob- 
longo-ovata, carnosa. 

Plantar Africans, bulbis ovatis aut subrotundis, foliis 
irregulariter bifariis., scapis latis compressis plerumque pre- 
cocious, laciniis non undulatis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Brunsvigia Josephinae; foliis lorato-elongatis erecto-paten- 
tibus glaucis, scapo pedunculis duplo longioribus, 
tubo unciali, limbo minime expanso, apicibus reflexis, 
laciniis inferioribus porrectioribus canaliculatioribus. 

(••) Amaryllis Josephine. Red. Lil. 370, 371, 372. 

PO angustifolia. Bot. Reg. 192, 193. 

W>) flore striate W. H. 



pEscn. Bulb very large, ovate, brown. Leaves glaucous, 
swberect. Scape flattened, purplish, about a yard high. Pedun- 
F S fro m eight to twenty inches, irregularly angular, purplish. 
n/fi? e/ * obovate, trisulcate, curved, marked by the prominence 
°i the ovules. Ovules large, about six to a cell, like peas. Tube 
aL mch lon £> declined, angularly cylindrical, with three deep 
in u ee sll S ht longitudinal furrows, purplish red. Limb two 
"iches and three quarters lonff, coloured like the tube, except the 

Joner 



lower part of the three inner segments, which are greenish white, 
strongly streaked, and blotched with deep purplish red, expand- 
ing little, but with the ends of the petals revolute, or reflex. 
The two lower inner segments more channelled and extended 
straight to a greater length, the lowest outer segment channelled, 
and pushed apart downwards by the curvature of the filaments. 
Filaments purplish red, whitish below, broader, and flattened at 
the base, inserted without the tube, near the base of the segments, 
a little lower on the outer segments. Style of the same colour. 
Stigma simple. Anthers purple ; pollen whitish. 

This variety of Brunsvigia Josephines, differing a little in 
colour from those already known, was imported by Mr. Tate, of 
the Sloane Street Nursery, from the Cape. The known species of 
Brunsvigia are, — 1. multiflora. 2. Josephines,. 3. striata. 
4. Radula. 5. lucida. A sixth small species, imported by the 
late Mr. Lee, under the erroneous name of Cyrtanthus ventri' 
cosus, has not yet been observed in flower. 

Amaryllis Belladonna was the type of the Linnean genus 
Amaryllis, and, as he assigned his reason for the name, it must 
remain to that species; though it is singular, that, out of the num- 
ber of species since added, it has but one real congener, A. blanda, 
which is perhaps only a gigantic variety. This, however, occa- 
sions no great inconvenience, as it gives its name to the whole 
group Amaryllidece. Amaryllis has a regular funnel-shaped 
corolla; Brunsvigia is separated from it by an irregular, not 
funnel-shaped corolla, curved upwards, and as far as we have 
seen, by petals not undulated. Nerine is separated from Bruns- 
vigia by the gibbous union of the filaments before their inser- 
tion. Ammocharis ; viz. falcata and coranica, forms a link be- 
tween Amaryllis and Crinum, to which it approximates in several 
points. Buphane (Boophane, Appendix) forms a link between 
Amaryllis and Haemanthus. Of Buphane there are three known 
species.— 1. toxicaria (supra 1217). 2. ciliaris. 3. distich 
(Amaryllis disticha, Patterson.) Disticha has the bulb harder, 
rounder, and much larger than toxicaria, and, as appears by 
Patterson's engraving, flowers fewer and larger; he does not 
mention the colour. Gigantic bulbs of disticha have been lately 
imported by Mr. Tate. All the above-mentioned genera have 
the scape solid, the seeds fleshy, the mouth of the tube closed; 
by which features, the group of Amaryllidece should perhaps be 
limited. The genera with the scape hollow, the seeds shelly, 
the capsule oval, and the mouth of the tube open, might be 
called Cyrtanthece ; those with the scape hollow, the seeds shelly, 
the capsule three-lobed, and the mouth of the tube closed, HW 
astrece. W. H. 



flo^rs < ln t !t e , fi f ire f e } ,res ? nts the "'bole I*«* ?" miniature. The head of 
■oners in the coloured towing is diminished to one-third its natural &> 



( 2579 ) 

HAKEA FLORIDA. MANY-FLOWERED HAKEA. 

******************* 

Class and Order. 
Tetrandia Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. 4-petala, irregularis. Anthene apicibus concavis 
corollae immersae. Glandula hypogyna, dimidiata (raro 
biloba). Folliculus superus, ligneus, 1-locularis: loculo 
excentrico. Seminum ala apicis longior nucleo. R. Brown. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Hare a jlorida ; foliis angusto-lanceolatis spinuloso-denta- 
tis minutissime punctatis : marginibus scabriusculis, 
ramulis pedunculoque communi brevissimo pubescen- 
tibus, capsulis bicalcaratis convexiusculis. Brown in 
Lin. Soc. Tr. 10. p. 183.— Prod. p. 384. Hort. Kew. 
ed.alt. 1. p. 208. 



This little shrub was first discovered by Mr. Robert 
Brown, in the Southern coast of New Holland, and was in- 
troduced to the Kew Gardens, in 1803, by Mr. Peter Good, 
but is rarely met with in our collections. It received its 
name of jlorida from the abundance of white flowers pro- 
duced all over it. 

The specimen from which our drawing was taken, was 
communicated in July, 1824, by P. B. Webb, Esq. fro" 1 
Godalmin, in Surry. It has not, as far as we can trace ; 
been heretofore figured. 



12579. 





* t b'-&*,-**2m*hXfyli}b-. 



( 2580 ) 

CUPHEA SERPYLLIFOLIA. TRINIDAD ClJPHEA. 

Class and Order. 

DoDECANDRIA MoNOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 6 — 12-dentatus : basi hinc gibbosa. Petala 6, calyci 
inserta. Caps. 1-locularis, hinc cum calyce longitudina- 
liter dehiscens. 

Specific Character. 

Cuphea serpyllifolia ; caule suflfruticoso, foliis ovatis utrin- 
que acutis, petalis subaequalibus, pedunculis axiila- 
ribus folio longioribus. 



Our drawing of this plant was taken at the Horticultural 
Society's garden, at Chiswick, in August, 1823, having 
been introduced the year before from Trinidad, by Sir 
Ralph Woodford. . . 

As we had no opportunity of examining the living plant, 
which, as we are informed, perished soon after, we are not 
a ble to give a more particular account of it. From C. 
p arsonsia and C. Melanium, to which it approaches, it is 
distinguished by the length of its peduncles, the flowers m 
^ese species being nearly or quite sessile. 




J2M. 



• yJJS2j 



r,4*M> 



( 2581 ) 

Campanula Lorei. Pollings Bell 
Flower. 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 






Cor. cainpanulata, fundo clauso valvis staminiferis. 
Stigma 3-fidum. Caps, infera, poris lateralibus dchiscens. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Campanula Lorei; caule diffuso, ramis pentagouis, pedun- 

culis elongatis unifloris, calycis sepalis corolla paiula 

longioribus, genuine hispido. 
Campanula Lorei; foliis inferioribus petiolatis ellipticis, 

superioribus semiamplexicaulibus oblongo-lanceolatis 

crenato-serratis, calyce strigoso : laciniis corolla patula 

longioribus. Roem.etSch.Syst.Veg.b.p. ISO. Pollin. 

Cat. Hart. Veron. 1812. p. 9. Ejusdem Elem. Bot. 2. 

P- 149. t. ult. jig 1. Ejusdem Hort. etProv. Veron. 

Plant. Nov. Fasc. I. Balb. Append, ad. Cat. Hort. 

Taur. 1813. ». 9. Poiret Encycl. Bot. Suppl 5. p. 

594. ^ 

Campanula baldensis. Balb. Cat. Hort. Taur. 1813. p.2D. 

Synonyma omnia ex Roem. et. Sch. 



Descr. Root annual. Stem very much branched : 
branches diffuse, five-angled, smooth, lactescent. Lower 
waves obovate-spathulate, rough; upper ones lanceolate, 
distantly serrulate, veined underneath. Peduncles very 
J°ng, solitary, one-flowered. Germen inferior, very hairy, 
topshaped, ten-grooved, three-celled. Segments of the 
Ulyx linear-lanceolate, generally equal to, or longer 
toan the corolla, serrulate towards the base, persistent. 

Corolla 



Corolla spreading, semiquinquifid, violet-coloured : laciniae 
oval, 3 — 5 -nerved. Capsule topshaped, grooved, opening 
by lateral pores just beneath the calycine segments. 

We are ignorant why the specific name of hovel was 
given to this species ; we have, therefore, in our English 
name, called it Pollini's Bell-flower ; because this author 
appears to have first described it in his Catalogue of the 
Verona garden, for the year 1812. 

Native of Mount Baldi, in the Veronese. Communicated 
by Mr. Hodson, from the Botanic garden, at Bury St. 
Edmunds, by whose intelligent curator, Mr. John Denson, 
we are informed, that this very ornamental plant, if suffered 
to scatter its seeds spontaneously, will produce young plants 
in the autumn, which will abide the winter, and flower the 
following spring and summer. If sown in the spring, the 
plants will blossom later; and early frosts may prevent 
their ripening any seeds. The seeds were received from 
Mr. Fischer, of the Botanic garden at Gottingen. 



( 2582 ) 

Gnaphalium involucratum ft. Globe- 
headed, New Zealand Cudweed. 

Class and Order. 
Syngenesia Polygamia Superflua. 

Generic Character. 

, Recept. nudum. Pappus pjlosus s. plumosus. Cal. 
wicatus, squamis marginalibus rotundatis, scariosis, 

eoloratis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 
***** Filaginoidea. 

Gnaphalium involucratum ; herbaceum, caule erecto sub- 
ramoso Ianato, foliis linearibus subtus tomentosis mu- 
cronatis, floribus sessilibus globoso-capitatis terminali- 
bus involucratis. WiUd. Sp. PL 3. p. 1891. 

Gnaphalium involucratum ; herbaceum ; foliis linearibus 
elongatis mucronatis subtus tomentosis, capitulo ter- 
minali folioso. Forst. Prodr. n. 291. 

inl f°ty 8 linearibus elongatis margine integerrimis. 

IP •) foliis latioribus margine undulatis. 

It appears by Forster's own specimens, preserved in the 
^mbertian Herbarium, that this species is subject to va- 
cation, and as one of these specimens has leaves not unlike 
"lose represented in our drawing, we do not think ourselves 
authorized to consider our plant as a distinct species, though 
\ er T unlike other specimens, and also very little resembling 
^sketch by Forster himself, now in the Banksian Library. 
. Communicated by Mr. Webb, in July, 1823, who raised 
! ^ Godalmin, from seeds received from New Zealand. 
11 has no beauty, but its rarity induced us to preserve a 
^Presentation of it. 




Im. 



( 2583 ) 

Zephyranthes Verecunda. Modest 
Zephyranthes. 

Class and Order. 

Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — Vide supra No. 2537. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Zephyranthes verecunda; foliislinearibus,8 — 1 1-uncialibus, 
subobtusis, canaliculate glabris, crassis, viridibus, basi 
saepe purpurascentibus ; scapo 5-unciali ; spatha sub- 
uncial^ quoad germinis longitudinem integra apice 
bifido ; germine ;|-unciali, viridi, sessili ; tubo ^-unciali, 
subinfundibuliformi, extus sulcato, viridi ; laciniis un- 
cialibus, albis, serius subrubescentibus, inferne viridi- 
bus, tribus externis uncatis ; stylo crasso, albo, laciniis 
plus duplo breviore ; stigmate crasso, trifido ; fila- 
mentis decurrentibus, erectis, apice conniventibus, 
albis, tribus alternis stylo vix longioribus, exteris stylo 
brevioribus: antheris i-uncialibus, polline aureo. 
W.H. 

The bulb, from which our figure was made, flowered at 
foe Nursery of Mr. Tate, in Sloane Street; having formed 
prt of a collection, consisting of seeds and a few bulbs, 
fought by Mr. Bulloce from Mexico. It was accompanied 
Jy another species, apparently a Zephyranthes, with 
broader leaves, which we take to be Amaryllis nervosa of 
Humboldt ; and a species with smaller striped flowers, 
^nich is perhaps his Amaryllis minuta : but it is lmpos- 
s, We to decide with certainty, the specific characters of A. 
nervosa and minuta, being given briefly in Kunth, in pre- 
J ,s ely the same words; excepting that the corolla of the 
or mer is called white, and that of the latter approaching 

to rose-colour. 

Zephyranthes 



Zephyranthes verecunda, though of much smaller stature, 
comes very near indeed to Zephyranthes Atamasco ; the 
tube distinguishes it at once from tubispatha. Its foliage 
is narrower and thicker than that of Atamasco, and some- 
times spirally twisted. The flower, which was white at first, 
had begun to fade before it reached our draughtsman, and, 
consequently, had assumed a more erect posture than belongs 
to the genus, when the corolla is in its first perfection. 
The three filaments belonging to the outer petals are 
shortest, and their anthers attached nearer the middle than 
the other anthers. 

Zephyranthes may be looked upon as the Crocus of hot 
countries. We learn from Dr. Carey, that Z. tubispatha 
and the hybrid Hippeastrum splendens, sent to him by us 
a few years ago, have multiplied so prodigiously, that they 
now form the ornament of most gardens near Calcutta. 
W.H. & 




A>4l^./.Wr.>-sr»*»»rA,.J"ay-z«/. 



( 2584 ) 

Dendrobium Pierardi. Pierard's 
Dendrobium. 

******************* 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Labellum ecalcaratum, articulatum cum apice processus 
unguiformis, cujus lateribus petala antica adnata,, culcar 
aemulantia. Massa? pollinis 4, parallelae. Brown in Hort. 
Km. ed. alt. 5. p. 212. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Dendrobium Pierardi; caulibus pendulis, labello spathu- 

lato ungue involuto. 
Dendrobium Pierardi. Roxb. Mss. Carey Hort. Bengal. 

Lodd. Cab. 750. 



This species of Dendrobium has a near affinity with D. 
cucullatum (supra No. 2242.) from which it is especially 
distinguished by the form of the labellum. As in that, 
foe stems are naturally either pendulous, or prostrate, 
though drawn erect in our figure. It is a beautiful 
parasite, native of Chittagong and of various parts of 
the Delta of the Ganges. Introduced into the Calcutta 
garden by M. Pierard, from whom Dr. Roxburgh gave 
11 its specific name. Our drawing was made from a plant 
that dowered in the collection at Spofforth by the Hon. 
and Rev. Wm. Herbert, who informs us that he re- 
eved it from Dr. Carey, " that it is cultivated at Calcutta, 
ty tying it on a smooth branch of a tree, water being con- 
stantly conducted to it by a string through a small aperture 
lri . a vessel above ; that, so treated, it hangs down the length 
six feet, covered with flowers after the leaves decay, at 



* h ich time, it is stated by Dr. Carey to be one of the most 
dutiful objects in the vegetable kingdom." At Spofforth 



Mr. Herbert says, that " it thrives pretty well in several 
situations, but best in moss, running horizontally in a 
dampish situation. The more equal temperature of our 
stoves prevents its losing its leaves as regularly as it does 
at Calcutta, but they generally fall from the part which 
produces the flowers at least." Messrs. Loddiges state, 
that they have found it thrive pretty well, fastened to a 
damp wall in the stove, without earth, but sprinkled occa- 
sionally with water. It flowers in March, and the blossoms 
last in perfection a long time. 




t*i.h%.J.lu*tir >T«. 



( 2585 ) 
Gladiolus debilis. Weak Corn-flag. 

Class and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

, Spatha bivalvis. Cor. tubulosa : limbus 6-partitus, 
wegularis. Stam. adscendentia. Stigmata. 3. Semina 

alata. 

Specific Character. 

"Udiolus debilis ; foliis linearibus planis, corolla laciniis 
omnibus ovatis patulis subaequalibus : duabus interio- 
rum infimisparum minoribus macula triloba insignitis. 




J) <:.£*r*rj*&,l. 



ft»i. ly. t. fur*,. WvUcrCt, Intt 



( 2586 ) 

Vaccinium macrocarpon. American 
Cranberry. 

Class and Order. 

OCTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. superus. Cor. 1-petala. Filam. receptaculo inserta. 
Bacca 4-locularis, polysperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Vaccinium macrocarpon ; foliis integerrimis ovali-oblongis 
obtusis planis, caulibus repentibus, pedunculis latera- 
libus elongatis. 

Vaccinium macrocarpon ; foliis integerrimis ovali-oblongis 
obtusis planis, caulibus repentibus filiformibus. Hort. 
Kew. ed. prior. 2. p. 13. t. l.—ed. alt. 2. p. 359. 
Wild. Sp. PI 2. p. 355. 

Vaccinium oxycoccus, (3. oblongifolius. Michaux Flor. 
Am. Bor. 1. p. 228. Lam. Enc. 

Oxycoccus palustris, 0. macrocarpus. Pers. Syn. 1. 419. 

u xycoccus macrocarpus ; repens ; caulibus adscendentibus, 
foliis oblongis integerrimis planiusculis obtusis glabris 
subtus albicantibus., pedicellis elongatis, corollae la- 
ciniis lanceolatis. Pursh. Fl. Am. Sept. 1 . p. 263. 

We do not enter into the consideration of the propriety 
° r otherwise of separating Oxycoccus as a distinct genus 
lr ?m Vaccinium. Most of the American species of Vacci- 
nium belong to the class Decandria, but of the English 
s pecies some are decandrous and some octandrous ; yet, 
ot ner characters forbid their separation. 

Several authors have considered Vaccinium macrocarpon, 
a « a mere variety of V. Oxycoccus; but they are undoubt- 
ed »y distinct, and always may be readily distinguished by 



the peduncles of the latter being terminal ; growing for the 
most part two together; sometimes only one, and now and 
then three or four ; whereas, in V. macrocarpon, the peduncles 
are always lateral; growing alternately from the axils of 
smaller leaves, or bractes, below the extremity of the branch. 
There is likewise, besides the difference in the foliage, a 
considerable diversity in their habits, the stems of V. Qxy- 
coccus being entirely prostrate ; whereas, in V. macrocarpon, 
the flowering branches are assurgent. Both species are 
cultivated with success in a soil, by no means damp, at 
the Pulham Nursery. 

The American Cranberries are larger and fairer to the 
eye than the European, and by some they are preferred in 
tarts or preserves ; but in our opinion the taste of the English 
Cranberry is pleasanter than that of the American. 

Native of North America, from Canada to Virginia. 
Flowers with us in June and July. Communicated by 
Messrs. Whitley, Brame, and Milne. 






K 



» 




KZ581 



( 2587 ) 

Pentstemon Digitalis. Fox-Clove-like 
Pentstemon. 

Class and Order. 

DlDYNAMIA ANGIOSPERMIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cai 5-partitus. Cor. bilabiata, ventricosa. Rudimentum 
fllamenti quinti superne barbatum. Caps, bilocularis. 

Specific Character. 

Pentstemon Digitalis; caule stricto foliisque lanceolatis 
amplexicaulibusglabris,panicula terminali triehotoma, 
corollis externe glanduloso-pilosis. 



Descr. Stem erect, three feet high, roundish, purple at 
we lower part, green above. Leaves opposite, lanceolate, 
adulate, toothed, stem-embracing- ; top-ones ovate-acu- 
Jjinate ; bottom-ones very much narrowed at the base. 
"lowers in a very long, terminal, trichotornous panicle, 
w h'te, with purple streaks on the inside. Bractes cordate- 
acuminate. Peduncles erect. Pedicels mostly three to- 
cher. Calyx small, five-cleft : segments revolute, shorter 
taan the contracted tube of the corolla. Corolla covered 
011 the outside with short, glandular, viscid hairs : Tube 
contracted, channelled on the upper side. Faux bell- 
st *ped, open at the mouth, and somewhat hairy. Limb 
tw ° lipped : upper-lip bifid, with smaller revolute lacimae : 
Mer-lip trifid, with larger laciniae. Fertile stamens four, 
un equal : Filaments curved : Anthers, before the expan- 
^ of the flower, kidney-shaped, purple at the back, and 
)ellow from the escaping pollen in front : sterile filament 
s °toewhat longer than the fertile ; straight ; thinly covered 
l0 *ards the point with deflexed hairs. Germen superior, 

bilocular : 



bilocular : style curved at the point ; scarcely so long as 
the stamens. 

Pentstemon Digitalis is by far the finest species of this 
genus that we have seen, growing upright to more than 
three feet in height, and bearing a very large panicle of 
delicate white flowers, of which the size of our work would 
not admit half to be inserted. 

Communicated by our friend Robert Barclay, Esq. to 
whom the seeds were sent by Professor Nuttall, in March, 
1824, under the name which we have adopted, thinking 
it probable, that it may have been published by it in 
America ; otherwise a substantive specific name should be 
confined to such species as have before constituted a 
different genus. A hardy perennial. Native of the Ar- 
kansa territory. Flowers in June and July. 



In the outline figure on the left, the corolla is cut away to shew the sta- 
mens, the style, and the barren filament. The right hand outline figure repre- 
sents one of the lowermost leaves. 



JYXito 




( 2588 ) 

Narcissus Macleaii. Macleay's 
Narcissus. 

******************** 

Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Petala 6, aequalia. Nectarium infundibuliforme, 1-phyl- 
lum. Stam. intra nectarium. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Narcissus Macleaii ; spatha uniflora (raro biflora), scapo 
compresso foliis lato-linearibus obtusis breviore, nec- 
tario cylindrico truncate* subintegerrimo. 

Narcissus Macleaii; spatha 1 — 2-flora, scapo compresso 
subancipiti, petalis patentibus imbricatis tubo necta- 
rioque cylindrico truncato integerrimo paulo longio- 
ribus. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. 792. sine icone. 

Narcissus albus oblongo calice luteo precox minor. Park. 
Par ad. p. IS. 



Old Parkinson describes his " small early white Daffodill 
with a long cup/' as follows :— ec The leaves of this early 
Daffodill are broad, very green, and not whitish as others, 
three or four standing together, about a foot long or better, 
among which riseth up a green stalk, not full so high as the 
leaves, bearing one flower at the toppe thereof, of a reason- 
able bigness, but not so great as the later kinds, consisting 
of six white leaves, but not perfect white, having a shew 
f a cream colour appearing in them ; in the middle is a 
long round yellow cup, about halfe an inch long or better." 
. Prom this description, we have very little hesitation in 
giving Parkinson's plant as synonym of Narcissus Mac- 
kaii. 

We 



We have received specimens of this species, in different 
years, from the garden of our much respected friend Alex- 
ander Macleay, Esq. of Tulbester Lodge, Surry, but 
always with a single flowered scape, and a nectary or cup 
cylindrical and truncate, but not perfectly entire at the 
edge, being somewhat crenate, or at least undulate. It 
does, however, sometimes, though rarely, produce two 
flowers on the same stalk. 

Supposed to have been brought from Smyrna. 




•£t**-HtJtil 



^ h u *>*< ***-*#-_ Mu 26U 



( 2589 ) 

Serratula pulchella. Purple-scaled 
Saw-wort. 

Class and Order. 

SyNGENESIA PoLYGAMIA iEQUALIS. 

Generic Character. 

Receptaculum paleaceum s. villosum. Cat. imbricatus, 
cylindraceus, inermis. Pappus plumosus s. dentatus. 

Specific Character. 

Serratula pulchella ; foliis pinnatifidis : laciniis sinuato- 
dentatis integerrimisve ; terminali elongata, calycibus 
globosis : squamis coloratis laceris. 



Descr. Stem angular, grooved or fluted. Leaves pin- 
natifid, decurrent, scabrous on the upper surface, tomentose 
°n the under : segments lanceolate, sinuate -dentate or quite 
entire; terminal one elongated. Bractes or uppermost 
leaves simple or slightly and imperfectly pinnatifid. Flowers 
grow in compound corymbs. Calyx globose : scales im- 
bricate, with scarious, purple, fringed margins. External 
fioscules female, with exserted revolute stigmas: internal 
°r central ones apparently male : anthers black purple, with 
white pollen. Pappus plumose. Receptacle bristly. 

We find no described species of Serratula which in any 
respect agrees with our plant except the Serratula japonica 
°* Thunberg, which appears by the description to have 
great affinity with it, but the flowers are described as grow- 
ing in a compact panicle, whereas in our plant they grow 
m lax corymbs. Although the calyx is globose, not cylindri- 
cal ; its general aspect as well as other characters declares it 
*° be a true Serratula. 
Communicated by N. S. Hodson, Esq. from the Bury 

Garden. 



Garden. Mr. Denson, the curator, informs us, that the 
seeds were received from Mr. Fischer of the Gottingen 
Garden, under the name which we have adopted, and 
marked as coming- from the Gorenki Garden. The seeds 
were sown in the autumn of 1823; one plant only was 
produced, which, in June, 1825, had twelve stems, each 
bearing 1 a many-flowered corymb. 

We find no species under this name in Dr. Fischer's 
Catalogue of the Gorenki Garden. A hardy perennial. 
Native country unknown. 

Serratula pulchella appears to be a connecting link be- 
tween Serratula and Jacea ; we have indeed some doubts 
to which genus it ought to be referred. 



N.259Q. 




Ai.i) Umpit.V*hnri i j i y2 af 



( 2590 ) 
Lobelia minuta. Small Lobelia. 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cai 5-fidus. Cor. 1-petala, irregularis. Antheree cohae- 
rentes. Caps, infera 2 — s. 3-locularis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Lobelia minuta ; acaulis, cespitosa, foliis ovatis undulatis 

petiolatis, scapis erectis ebracteatis. 
Lobelia minuta; foliis radicalibus ovatis, scapis capilla- 

ribus. Lin. Mant. 292. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. I. p. 360. 

Willd. Sp. PL 1. p. 947. Persoon Syn. 2. p. 214. 

n- 54. Schultes Syst. Veg. 5. p. 55. n. 74. Vix 

Lobelia minuta Thunbergii. 
Lobelia minuta ; foliis cespitosis radicalibus : aliis ovatis 

obscure crenatis, aliis oblongo-spathulatis dentatis, 

scapis capillaribus. Lam. Encycl. Bot. 3. p. 587. 

n.26. Exclusis synonymis. 



We have before given a figure of a plant nearly related 
jj tins, under the name of Lobelia minima (vide supra 
No- 2077) ; from which this differs in being stemless, the 
"fcves all radical, and the scapes naked, or without bractes; 
jj all which characters, it agrees with Linnjsus's descrip- 
i tl0 Q of Lobelia minuta, in his Mantissa altera. 

.The plant from which our drawing was made, was trans- 
ited to us by our friend N. S. Hodson, Esq. from the 
^tanic Garden at Bury St. Edmunds. Native of the Cape 
of Good Hope. Flowers from June to September. Re- 
lies to be protected from frost, to be planted in a humid 
H and not too much exposed to the sun. 




l2S9i 



( 2591 ) 

Thunbergia alata. Winged-leaved 
Thunbergia. 

******************* 

Class and Order. 

DlDYNAMIA ANGIOSPERMIA. 

Generic Character. 

CaL duplex (nunc simplex) : exterior diphyllus ; inte- 
rior (nunc obsoletus aut nullus) 12-dentatus. Cor, cam- 
panulata. Caps, rostrata, 2-locularis. 

Specific Character. 

Thunbergia alata ; scandens, foliis cordato-triangularibus 
sinuato-dentatis quinquenerviis : petiolis alatis. 



Descr. Stem climbing, square, hairy. Leaves opposite, 
dependant, nearly triangular, cordate, sinuate-dentate, five- 
nerved, rugose -veined and white-tomentose underneath, 
green and villous above : petioles the length of the leaves, 
ringed to very near their insertion into the stem. Pedun- 
c ks axillary, one-flowered. Calyx of two cordate-acumi- 
nate, three-nerved, keeled leaflets : no observable internal 
calyx. Corolla one-petaled : tube curved, dilated upwards, 
Purple : limb spreading, divided into five, nearly equal, 
rounded, cream-coloured lacinice : faux black -purple. 
f aniens four, unequal, contained within the tube : anthers 
fimbriated. Style somewhat longer than the stamens; 
"tigma concave, one-lipped. 

Our friend Robert Barclay, Esq. who kindly communi- 
cated the plant from which our drawing was taken, receiv- 
ed the seeds from the Mauritius, through Mr. Telfair, 
barked Thunbergia alata of Bojer, and stated to be a 
native of the islands of Zanzebar and Pomba, on the East 
°oast of Africa. 

We do not know that any description of Thunbergia 

alata 



alata has been published, but the name under which the 
seeds were received, given it by Mr. Bojer, a German 
botanist, appears to us very appropriate. 

We are informed by Mr. David Cameron, the head gar- 
dener at Bury Hill, that the seeds were sown last February, 
and the plant flowered in the stove, at Bury Hill, in the 
following June ; it has probably, therefore, not a long 
abiding root. But its extraordinary beauty makes it a 
valuable acquisition to the stove. 



( 2592 ) 
Crinum elegans. Elegant Crinum. 

A/, A', A/, A '- A/, A'. A/- A/. A/, A'. A/, vl/, A/, A', A', A?. A/, >V. Ar. 
7Js VIS VIS vjs VJS '4s vt» VJS V5S vj.' VJS -/j? vjs VJS VJS vt? vj. vjr vfr 

Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — Vide supra No. 2292 et No. 2463. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Crinum elegans ; bulbo ovato 6-unciali, foliis 3 — 4-pedali- 
bus, lorato-lanceolatis, apice attenuate, flaccidis, vix 
2 uncias latis, laete viridibus ; scapo subtereti, decli- 
nato, foliis breviore, viridi ; spatha 4-unciali, pallida, 
apice attenuato ; bracteis albicantibus ; umbella 14- 
flora ; germine oblongo, viridi ; tubo 2^-unciali, viridi, 
laciniis angustis, albis, 3|-uncialibus ; stylo apicem 
versus rubro, filamentis albis, vix longiore, laciniis bre- 
viore ; stigmate parvulo albo ; polline aureo. 

Crinum elegans ; Dr. Carey, M. S. Nobis in Spec. Enum. 
2121. Nobis in Append, p. 22. 



This plant, sent by Dr. Carey, flowered at Spofforth in 
September, 1824. Raised by seed from Rangoon, it rarely 
produces seed or offsets with him. Though of larger sta- 
t'lre, it comes very near to C. longifolium and lorifolium. 
r oxb. Of those two, similar to each other in bulb and 
leaf, longifolium has fewer flowers, buds more erect, spathe 
smaller, withering earlier, peduncles more elongated (for 
neither have the gennen permanently sessile), tube and 
lr nb shorter (in both, the tube is longer than the limb), 
'aciniae broader, less attenuated ; filaments white, equal 
*ith the style and limb (in lorifolium they are red half- 
way down, shorter than the style) ; stigma more fimbriated 
jnd divided; scape flatter and less rigid; umbel less dif- 
fused. Elegans differs from both, in having the limb longer 
fnan the tube, much longer than the style. The colour of 
lts filaments and compactness of its umbel accords with 

lonffifolium 



longifolium, and the slope of its scape seems to indicate, 
that it flowers likewise during inundations. C. venustum, 
with obtuser leaves, resembles it in growth and habit. We 
have not yet seen its flower. The Birman Crinaarenot 
easily cultivated. Macrocarpon, which grows near Ran- 
goon, with very long narrow stiff leaves, laciniae white, 
rather broader tha'n those of toxicarium., and erythrophgl- 
lum, about the size of longifolium, wrm deep red leaves, 
are both lost at Calcutta ; three bulbs"of procerum perished 
at Spofforth, being impatient of wet amongst the leaves. 

The more we consider the nice gradations by which the 
species of this extensive genus slide into each other, and 
the facility with which the most remote interbreed, the more 
* difficulty we shall find in deciding what features constitute 
a specific difference, and the more we shall be led to view 
the whole genus, including the species formerly confounded 
with Amaryllis, as having branched from one original type. 
We are inclined to the same opinion of the whole genus 
Hippeastrum, and Gladiolus, as limited in this work. This 
view would lead to the further important question, whether, 
in Botany, the well-defined genera are not analogous to the 
species, the natural orders to the genera, in zoology. Two 
mule Crina have produced offspring at Spoffortri, by the 
pollen of a third species, uniting in one produce the three 
different sections of the genus. C. canaliculato-caperm* 
and dejixo -capense were both fertilized by careyanum. 
The produce of G. cardinali-blandus impregnated by hirsu- 
tus t have flowered at Spoffbrth, perfect in organization, 
alike amongst themselves/ and with a peculiar scent. To 
the nineteen sorts of hybrid Crina enumerated*, Append. 
p. 27. may be added, besides the two above-mentioned, 
scabro - erubescens, careyano - capense, corantyno - capense, 
forbesi-careyanum, flaccido-brevifolium, Jlaccido - canahcw 
latum, corantyno -canalyculatum, specioso- longifolium, a* 
Spofforth, and zeylanico-amfricanum at Highclere, where 
scabro-erubescens also was^faised, making in all thirty 
different crosses. In these genera, the fertility of the m»t 
produce seems to be more or less perfect, according to the 
greater or less affinity of the parents. In hybrid Crina we 
have found the pollen generally imperfect ; in Hippeasti* 
never, but the gennen' often difficult to fertilize ; "i Gla " 
dioli the fertility is more complete, the deficiency, ifanv, 
being in the pollen. fV. H. 



¥2593. 




'■.Jlj J-. O.-.H. .WiZ-.rtkJ.^Ltj U 



'9 $ 

( 2593 ) 

Zephyranthes Striata. Striped 
Zephyranthes. 




i 



******************* 

Class and Order. %$& & 

Hexandria Monogynia. 
Generic Character. — Vide supra No. 2537. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Zephyranthes striata; foliis linearibus, pedalibus, sub- 
obtusis, canaliculars, glabris, crassis, viridibus,, recum- 
bentibus; scapo 2-uficiali, rubescente ; spatha rubes- 
cente, unciali, plus dimidio integra, apice bifid o; 
germine vix ^-unciali, viridi, sessili ; tubo ^-unciali, 
subii&mdibuliformi, viridi-luteo, superficie laevi ; la- 
ciniis f-uncialibus, intemis albi&Yix 1-unc. latis, ex- 

»f ternis roseo-striatis"vix latioribtt^,* stylo albo, laciniis 
dimidio breviore, filamentis longiore ; stigmate trifido 
lobis brevibus gracilibus ; filamentis decurrentibus, 
erectis, apice * conniventibus, albis, tribus alternis 
j-unc. ceteris plus f-unc. st^o brevioribus ; anthcns 
T-unc. longis, inclinatis, polline aureo. 

Amaryllis minuta ? Humboldt. Kunth. Syn.l. 285. W. H 



, The subject of this article flowered at the Nursery of 
}k Tate, in Sloane Street, in ^ne, having been brought 
tr °m Mexico, by Mr. Bullock. It cannot be determined 
Aether this plant is the Amaryllis Minuta of Humboldt 
?M Bonpland, from the brevity of the description in 
Ki '*th, made, we believe, from a dried specimen. It is, 
however, most probably the same species, but even it that 
^nt could be ascertained, the name minuta would not 
applicable to the plant when compared with olfeer m- 

I.I »■ ... * _ 1 J 1 _ II In ,1 I- fill ll'HIC hi .(1 



•viduals of the genus Zephyranthes. It is distinguished 
lroi n Zephyranthes verecunda by longer leaves, shorter 

scape, 



scape, redder spathe, undivided for a greater length, tube 
smooth and not sulcate, smaller sepals, the outer striped 
with red and less uncate, slenderer style and stigma, and 
filaments shorter than the style. Zephyranthes Atamasco 
flowers in England in the open border. Z. tubispatha is 
too tender to succeed out of doors, but perhaps the Mexican 
species may prove hardy. Z. striata produces many off- 
sets, which form a tuft of leaves, but the bulb from which 
the drawing was made, had only three leaves. The anthers 
though rather erect, are versatile. The flower of our 
specimen closed again completely at night, and reexpanded 
when placed in the sun the next morning. Tt would, per- 
haps, have opened wider if the weather had not been cold 
and gloomy. W. H. 



a. Represents the style, and two of the filaments shewing- their pro- 
portionate length and the position of the anthers, the filaments belonging to 
the outer sepals being the shortest. 



ERRATUM. 

No. 2578. 1. 14 and 15. from the bottom, for Buphane,?wrf Buphone. 



#x 



25H. 




m 



'Wzlm>*&.f r .18lf, 



( 2594 ) 

Zephyranthes carinata. Keeled-leaved 
Zephyranthes. 

Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — Vide supra No. 2537. 

Specific Character. 

Zephyranthes carinata ; bulbo ovato ; foliis pedalibus, 
T^-unciae latis, canaliculars, carinatis, subacutis, viri- 
dibus, prope basin rubris ; scapo 6-unciali, tereti, sub- 
rubescente, prope basin rubro ; spatha l^r-unciali, 
rubescente, latere uno dehiscente, basi tubulosa, apice 
fenestrato [an aliquando bifido] ; pedunculo viridi, 
f -unciali, spatha obtecto ; germine brevi, viridi, par- 
tira obtecto, loculis 24-spermis ; tubo viridi, f -unciali ; 
laciniis saturate roseis, 2-uncialibus; exteris latioribus, 
uncatis, marginibus tubo iinbricantibus ; stylo robusto, 
declinato, albo, semunciam laciniis breviore ; stigmate 
albo, lobis brevibus, crassis, recurvis ; filamentis albis, 
erectis, apice conniventibus, basi gibbosis, decurren- 
tibus, iis quae laciniis interioribus apponuntur longiori- 
bus, f-uncia3 stylo brevioribus ; antheris linearibus, 
J-uncialibus, exterius inclinatis, apice curvatis, versa- 
tilibus, infra medium affixis ; polline aureo. W. H. 



This beautiful species of Zephyranthes was introduced 
mto this country by Mr. Bullock from Mexico, together 
with Z. verecunda and striata. Our specimen was from 
the Nursery of Mr. Tate in Sloane Street, where it flowered 
the first week in July, having been placed m a hot-bed- 
frame. It endures the winter with us in the greenhonse 
hut has not yet been tried out of doors. The onsets ot 
this species diverge obliquely, so that their leaves pierce 
the ground at some distance from the parent, forming a 



circle 



circle of satellites round it, as if the plant were stoloniferous, 
which is not however the case, instead of making a close 
tuft like striata, tubispatha, &;c. Its leaves are also much 
broader, and strongly nerved, so as to form a sort of keel 
on the back. Mr. Lindley has quoted A. minuta as a 
synonym to Z. grandiflora, but we conceive it impossible 
that the name minuta should have been applied to a species 
a foot high, with a flower three inches long, especially as it 
was given with reference to the associated bulb, A. nervosa. 
Z. carinata differs from Z. grandiflora Bot. Reg. 902. in 
having much broader leaves, not smooth on both sides, but 
strongly nerved or keeled underneath, a spathe longer than 
the peduncle, and the corolla divided two -thirds of its length, 
which in that species is said to be divided less than half its 
length. In that article the flower of grandiflora has a long 
peduncle exceeding the spathe, but the capsule is described 
as nearly sessile, and covered by the spathe like that of 
verecunda and striata. We hear from Mr. Lindley, that 
the figure of grandiflora was made from Sir A. Hume's 
plant, the description of the seed and capsule from a bulb 
belonging to the Horticultural Society, which perfected 
its seed from a flower of which the corolla had been injured 
and abortive, to which circumstance he attributed the short- 
ness of its peduncle. It remains to be ascertained, whether 
those two bulbs were actually of one species; which we 
doubt. The foliage of that which produced the seed, is 
spirally twisted, and similar to that of verecunda and striata. 
It is the habit of Amaryllidece to elongate the peduncle, 
and we have never seen an instance from any accident of a 
pedunculated species in that natural order producing a 
subsessile capsule. Our Z. carinata may be at once recog- 
nized by the breadth of its foliage, strongly ribbed under- 
neatn. 

After our sketch had been made the (lower expanded 
Wld p e i r «» the sun and became less erect. 
.1 • . dissection represents the filaments and style with 
the mside of the tube. W. H. 



Since this article was prepared, we have had an opportunity of observing 
another specimen of Z. Carinata in perfection, at Spofforth, without the pot 
being moved so as to affect the attitude of the flower ; and we find the corolla 
quite as much declined as that of Z. rosea No. 2537. It continued several 
days beautifully expanded, with the points oft the petals reflex, the lower part 
ot the petals drawing: closer together at night. The three lower petals were 
rather protruded, and during the first day the lowest inner petal remained 
straight and more erect. The point of the spathe was in this specimen also 
fenestrate or lomuul net !,;«,? ur tr l 



fenestrate or looped, not bifid, W, //. 



Nzm 




vr.ditnf' 



( 2595 ) 

Waldsteinia geoides. Avens-uke 
Waldsteinia. 

Class and Order. 

ICOSANDRIA DlGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. 10-fidus, laciniis alternis minoribus. Petala 5. 
km. 2, (nunc 4) obovata. 

Specific Name and Synonyms. 

Waldsteinia geoides. Willd. Nov. Act. Soc. Nat. Scrut. 
Berol. 2. p. 106. t. 4./. 1. Ejusdem Spec. PL 2. 
p. 1007. Hort. Kew. edit. alt. 3. p. 204. Waldst. et. 
Keitab. PL rar. Hung. 1. p. 79. t. 77. 



Descr. Radical leaves petiolated, five-lobed : lobes ir- 
regularly incised, serrate, rugose-veined and tomentose on 
'he under surface, and slightly hairy on the upper. Cauline 
haves three-lobed, incised, serrate, subsessile. Stem as- 
cendant, branched towards the top. Stipules small, entire, 
»cute. Peduncles terminal, generally two together. Calyx 
•en-cleft : alternate segments very small, and subulate, the 
°thers much larger, lanceolate. Petals 5, yellow, nearly 
°rbicular. Stamens many, shorter than the petals. Gcr- 
nms generally two, sometimes four. Styles erect, some- 
what curved outwards. Stigma simple. Seeds surrounded 
ty the persistent filaments, obovate, surmounted by the 
s tyles, longer than the seeds, which sometimes, but not al- 
Wa ys, fall off as soon as the seeds are ripe. 

We received flowering specimens of this rare and hardy 

Perennial from the Botanic Garden, at Bury St. Edmund's, 

10 May, 1823, from which our drawing was taken, and 

^ a, u in seed last year. 

J It 



It was introduced into the Kew Garden, by the late Mr. 
George Don, in 1804. Flowers in May, June, and July. 
Native of the shady woods of Hungary. 

The upper outline figure represents the calyx and seeds 
somewhat magnified, the lower still more magnified figure, 
the two seeds surmounted by their styles and attached to 
the receptacle, the other parts being removed. 



Iim 









( 2596 ) 
Hallia imbricata. Tiled Hallia. 

Class and Order. 

DlADELPHIA DECANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. 5-partitus, regularis. Legumen monospermum, 
bivalve. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Hallia imbricata ; foliis cordato-ovatis convolutis imbrica- 
tis, floribus axillaribus sessilibus. Thunb. Prodr. 131 . 
fVilld.Sp.Pl.3. p. 1170. 

Hedysarum imbricatum ; foliis simplicibus cordatis sessili- 
bus stipulates ; superioribus imbricatis floriferis. Thunb. 
Nov. Act. Upsal. 6. p. 42. t.l.f. 2. Lin. Suppl.330. 

Descr. Stem, suffruticose, decumbent. Leaves alternate, 
ovate, subcordate, sessile, ciliated at the margins and along 
the mid-rib, imbricate towards the extremities of the 
branches. Stipules two at the base of each leaf, scariose, 
ovate, hairy, persistent even after the leaves fall off. 
Flowers violet-coloured, solitary, subsessile, in the bosom 
of each leaf, by the folding together of the sides of which 
they are often quite concealed. Calyx 2-lipped : upper-lip 
two toothed : lower-lip 3-toothed, the middle tooth smaller 
than the others. Bractes two, very small at the base of the 
calyx. Corolla papilionaceous : vexillum, alae, and carina of 
equal length. Stamens diadelphous T V- Style incurved at 
the point : stigma villous. Legumen oval, 1 -seeded. 

This species of Hallia is not recorded in the last edition 
of the Hortus Kewensis. It is a native of the Cape of Good 
Hope. Flowers in June and July. Requires the protec- 
tion of the Greenhouse in winter. Communicated by Mr. 
Tate, from his Nursery, in Sloanc Street. 



hsn 




'W.S^lo-i . 2^1 



JVi ij_ J f-Brti, . -w^u,, r&uSmt, .11 i 



TM*& r ° 



f 2597 ) 

Habranthus bifidus. Two-cleft 
Habranthus. 

Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Scopus et pedunculi cavi. Flores declinati. Germen 
Media parte constrictum, summa latius. Tubus corolla? 
£ qualis, fauce clausa. Genitalia fasciculata, declinata, 
sursum curvata. Filamenta tubi fauci inserta, alterna dis- 
Pana inter se discrepantia. Antherce incumbentes, versa- 
Mes. Capsula trisulca, trilocularis, trivalvis. Ovula bise- 
natim cumulata. Semina complanata, testa nigra. 

Planta bulbo rotundo, vet oblongo, vet media parte con- 
"ftcfo, tunica exteriore nigra; foliis paucis, angustis, 
Fccidis, bifariis ; scapo pracoce, 1 — pauci-floro ; jloribus 
Jo sole apertioribus . Habitant Americam meridionalem. 
™ Hippeastro tubo non subtus abbreviato, a Zephyranthe 
Pbtalibus declinatis,fasciculatis, et Jilamentorum quaternd 
^crepantia, facillime dignoscuntur. 

Specific Character. 

^branthus bifidus ; bulbo rotundo, nigro ; foliis angustis, 
pedalibus ; scapo 4-floro, viridi ; floribus successivis ; 
spatha bifida, viridescente, 2^-unciali, bracteis filifor- 
mibus ; pedunculis viridescentibus, If -uncialibus ; 
genuine viridi, |-unciali, loculis 24-spermis ; laciniis 
lf-uncialibus, roseis, linea prope basin extra viridi 
intus albescente notatis, exterarum duabus angustiori- 
bus, interiorum duabus latioribus, exteris uncatis ; 
tubo viridi, |-unc. membrana barbata clauso ; fila- 
meB|is albis; iis, quae laciniis interioribus apponuntur, 
'ongioribus, imo minus producto; quae exteris, brevi- 
oribus, sum mo minus abbreviato ; antheris brevibus, 

luteis ; 



luteis ; stylo filamentis longiore, laciniis ^-unc. brcvi- 
ore ; stigmate trifido, lobis brevibus. W. H. 



This four-flowered species is named from its long two-cleft 
spathe. It was imported by Lord Carnarvon from Buenos 
Ayres ; and, with it, another four-flowered species which 
we propose to call H. spathaceus, appearing by the dry 
specimens, which accompanied the bulbs, to have large 
purplish flowers, and a very broad spathe split on one 
side only. We believe that we have besides two other 
undescribed species of Habranthus. The flowers of this 
genus expand in the sun, and probably those of H. bijidus 
are at times much more open, than when our sketch was 
made from a fresh specimen, carefully brought to us in a tin 
box, by J. R. Gowen, Esq. from Highclere. It was scent- 
less. When the flowers of H. bifid us are full blown, the 
anthers seem to hang by the middle, but earlier they are 
seen to be attached nearer one end. The two upper lateral 
segments of the corolla are the broadest, the two lower 
laterals the narrowest, those opposite being equal. 

All the species of Habranthus appear to thrive n 
the greenhouse, but do not succeed well out of doors. A 
little artificial heat during the period of rest promotes 
the* flowering of these, and indeed of all the tender bulbs, 
which like Amaryllis Belladonna produce their blossoms 
before the leaves. We have subjoined, as subsidiary 
to the generic character, those features which appear to 
belong to all the species of the genus, but do not limit it 
necessarily. 

The bulbs of all the species of Habranthus are nearly 
round when imported. After having been potted a year, 
they generally become elongated, sometimes to the length 
of six inches, and constricted in one place or more, 
suspect that this singular habit, which seems peculiar to the 
genus, is an effort of nature to withdraw the bulb to a 
greater depth, and that the long neck would become at- 
tenuated gradually, if it remained longer undisturbed 



«. Represents the inside of the lowest sepal detached, b. the hta ( . 
and style, c. a seed. d. the germen magnified, shewing the inside ot 01 
the cells containing 24 ovules. 




ty-f.fco*, . ir.i r ^i.. ^ v J4 ls 



( 2598 ) 

Stylidium adnatum. 0. One-celled 
Stylidium. 

««*»&«««»«$••& 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Diandria. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. bilabiatus. Cor. irregularis, 5-fida, lacinia quinta 
(Labello) dissimili, minore, deflexa(rar6porrecta), rejiquis 
patentibus (raro geminatim cohaerentibus). Columna re* 
clinata duplici flexura ; Antheris bilobis : lobis divaricatis- 
simis ; stigmate obtuso, indiviso. Carps. 2-locularis, dis- 
sepimento superne quandoque incomplete R. Brown. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Sect. II. D. 

Stylidium adnatum ; foliis cuneato-linearibus, spica sub- 
composita: partialibus paucifloris, labello inappendi- 
culato, capsulis angulato-linearibus : loeulo poslieo 
angustissimo vacuo adhaerente. R. Brown Mss. 

Stylidium adnatum. Br. Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holt. p. 57$. 

((3.) spica pedunculata, caulibus partialibus indivisis. Br. 



" It is possible that the plant here figured" Mr. Brown 
observes, " may belong to a species different from S. ad- 
natum, whose spike is generally sessile, and more subdi- 
vided ; I am inclined, however, to unite them, and to add, 
as a third variety, S. propinquum, which was taken up 
from imperfect materials. 

" In the section of the genus to which S. adnatum be- 
longs, the best specific differences are found in modifica- 
tions of the structure of the capsule, and by these alone 
the species at present known may be readily determined. 

" Thus in S. breviscapum the cells and valves of the cap- 
sule arc in form and contents perfectly equal, as in t lu- 
other 



other sections of the genus. In fasciculatum the cells arc 
dissimilar in form., but of nearly equal size,, and both fertile. 
In falcatum the posterior cell, still more different in form, 
is also considerably reduced in width and entirely without 
ovula, nor is it, as I have stated in the specific character, 
fertile. Lastly, in adnatum, of which I am now disposed 
to consider propinquum a variety, the posterior cell is not 
only entirely destitute of ovula, but is reduced to a capil- 
lary tube, which continues to adhere to the fertile cell. 

ff From this series of species, in which the upper or pos- 
terior cell is gradually obliterated, we are led to the true 
explanation of the structure of Lysipomia. This genus, 
belonging to Lobeliacece, is described by M. Kunth, as 
having a single parietal placenta ; it may, however, be 
regarded as having a septum so closely pressed to the upper 
side of the capsule as to leave no manifest cavity, and 
consequently produces ovula on one side only." Brown 
Mss. 

The genera Stylidium, Levenhooria and Forstera form 
Mr. Brown's natural order of Stvlidece ; since adopted by 
Jussieu, in the 18th volume of the Annales du Museum. 
By the separation of Lobeliacea, Goodenovice and Stylidea 
from the Campanulacece, the genera belonging to each, 
as Mr. Brown observes, are more readily defined, and the 
attention of Botanists better directed to the very singular 
structure of these tribes. 

We have before given two species of this very curious 
genus. For the present one, a native of King George's, 
Sound, on the South coast of New Holland, we are again 
indebted to our friend Robert Barclay, Esq. who commu- 
nicated a flowering plant in June, in the present year. 

All the Stylidia require to be protected from frost, and 
some of them flower the better for the assistance of a little 
artificial heat. 



N.Z599. 




( 2599 ) 

Tigridia Herberti. Mr. George 
Herbert's Tiger-flower. 

Class and Order. 

MONADELPHIA TrIANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Spatha 2-phylIa. Calyx o. Petala 6, basi urceolata. 
Filamentum eolumnare, stylum adnatum circum-amplce- 
tens. Anthera erectae, sessiles. Capsula 3-locularis, 3- 
valvis, polysperma, infera, Semina compressione angularia. 

Specific Character. 

Tigridia Herberti ; bulbo unciali, acute ovato ; foliis pli- 
catis, radicalibus et cauli insidentibus, oblongo-lan- 
eeolatis, acutis; cauli bipedali,, flexuoso, subglanco, 
bifnrcato, ramoso, bracteato,, ramulis 4-uucialibus 
unifloribus ,• spatha viridi^ folio exteriore breviore ; 
pedunculis spathalongioribus; genuine viridi, oblongo- 
obovatOj trigono ; laciniis 2-uncialiBus, ima parte ur- 
ceolata,, purpura minutissime notata ; tribus exteriori- 
bus latioribus., obscure aurantiacis., linea atro-purpurea, 
media parte compressis, extrema dilatatis ; interioribus 
media parte iucurvatis, summa reeurvatis, apice valde 
reflexo ; columna brevissima, antheris sessilibus erectis, 
polline obscure viridescente, stigmatibus atro-pur- 
pureis, erectis, conniventibus, bilobis, lobis tritidis, 
apice interno acuminato pallido, externo breviore ob- 
tuso, tertio exterius decurvato ; capsula polysperma ; 
seminibus parvis, subfuscis. W. H. 



This beautiful species of Tigridia produced a long suc- 
cession of flowers at Spofforth, in June and July, having 
been imported from Buenos Ayres. Plants apparently of 
*he same species have been also raised there from Brazilian 

seeds. 



seeds. All the stems produced at Spoflforth are bifurcate, 
with two bractes at the fork, and each limb terminates in 
from three to six branches three or four inches long, accom- 
panied by about as many bractes ; each branch bearing a 
terminal flower on a peduncle a little longer than the 
spathe. The column, which in Tigridia pavonia is very 
long, in this species is very short, the base of the anthers 
being almost in contact with the corolla : the pollen is 
borne upon their edges. The outer petals are not much 
unlike in form to those of T. pavonia; but the inner ones 
are most singularly curved inwards in the middle part, with 
the upper part curved backwards, and the point reflected 
under the flower so as almost to touch the germen. The 
form of the stigmas is not less singular; they are two-lobed, 
each lobe being trifid, the outer point shorter and obtuse ; 
the inner acuminate and horned, the third curved down- 
wards outwardly. The bulbs were planted in peat, and 
kept in the greenhouse, where they retained their leaves, 
during the winter, and were placed in the open air in May. 
They will probably thrive in the open border, if taken up 
in the winter. W. H. 

We had prepared this article for the press under the 
name of T. ramosa, but having learnt from Mr. Lindley, 
that he was about to describe the same species under the 
name Herberti, in compliment to the memory of the late 
Hon. and Rev. George Herbert, deeply lamented by the 
many to whom he was dear, in whose conservatory at 
Burghelere it flowered for the first time in Europe, in the 
Autumn of 1824, we have not hesitated to adopt his name. 



«. Represents the column with the anthers and stigmas a little magnified. 
6. one of the stigmas magnified, c, a seed of the natural size. 



M 



2600. 




fc ii te .TEriwrr-M- 



■/y»-J rfZC 



( 2600 ) 

lechenaultia formosa. handsome 
Lechenaultia. 

********************* 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. superus. Cor. tubo hinc longitudinaliter fisso. 
Antherce sub anthesin cohaerentes. Pollinis granula com- 
posita. Stigma obsoletum, in fundo indusii bilahiati, 
Capsula prismatica, bilocularis, 4-valvis, valvis oppositis 
medio septiferis. Sem. cubica v. cylindracea, nucamen- 
tacea. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Lechen aulti a formosa; floribus axillaribus solitariis ebrac- 
teatis nutantibus, corollis bilabiatis glabris. Brown 
Prodr. p. 581. Roern. et Sch. Syst. Veg. v. 5. p. 34. 



Descr. A small heath-like shrub. Leaves scattered, 
linear, scarcely half an inch long, recurved, smooth. 
Flowers axillary, solitary, nodding, of a deep orange colour, 
tinged with purplish red. Germen inferior, linear, about 
an inch long, recurved, purple, resembling a peduncle. 
Cr%x5-cleft; segments like the leaves, but smaller, recurv- 
ed. Tube of the Corolla split at the back : border 2-lipped : 
upper -lip 2-lobed: lobes oblique, erect, united at the 
point and mucronate : Lower-lip 3-lobed : lobes large, re- 
flexed, obcordate with a small mucro in the sinus. Sta- 
mens 5, at the bottom of the tube : filaments woolly : 
Anthers after defloresence oblong. Style longer than the 
tube. Stigma (Indusium or vest surrounding the true 
stigma, according to Brown) 2-lipped ; one lip pubescent, 
the other naked, fdled with pollen which appeared to the 
naked eye globular. 

Lechenaultia 



Lechenaultia belongs to the natural order of Goodeno- 
vice, a family first established by Mr. Brown, in his in- 
valuable Prodromus. The name was given by him in 
honour of his friend M . Leschenault, Botanist, to Bauden's 
expedition, who has since travelled much in the East 
Indies, and is at present, we believe, director of the bota- 
nical establishment at Cayenne. 

Our drawing was made from a plant communicated by 
Robert Barclay, Esq. from his very interesting collection 
at Bury Hill, early in last July. We are informed that 
the plant was raised from New Holland seeds, given to 
Mr. Barclay by Mr. Hoare. According to Mr. Brown, it 
is a native of Lucky Bay, on the South coast, but is not 
found in New South Wales. It is most probable, there- 
fore, that the seeds, both of this plant and of Stylidium 
adnaturn came to this country through the means of 
Francis Henchman, Esq. who, at a very great expence, 
sent Mr. Baxter, late gardener to the Count De Vandes, 
to that part of the country where Lechenaultia formosa 
was found, and where no other collector has of late years 
been. 

We were favoured, on the same day, with a plant of this 
species, from Mr. Mackay, of the Belgrave Nursery in the 
King's Road, raised from seeds gathered in Lucky Bay, by 
Mr. Henchman's collector. 



$2601 




P,,} ly-J &rli,JKJ*fA ,CJ1 IK 



( 2601 ) 

Cotyledon coruscans. Sparkling 
Navel-wort. 

Class and Order. 
Decandria Pentagynia. 

Generic Character. 

CW. 5-fidus. Cor. 1-petala. Squama nectariferae 5, ad 
basin germinis. Caps. 5. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Cotyledon coruscans ; foliis cuneato-oblongis acuminatis 
marginibus crassis incurvatis, floribus umbellatim pani- 
culatis pendentibus. 

Cotyledon coruscans ; foliis oblongis subcuspidatis viridi- 
bus, ad solem undique micantibus marginibus sursum 
singulariter incurvantibus. Haworth Succ. Suppl. p. 21 . 

Cotyledon africana frutescens folio longo et an gusto, flore 
flavescente. Commel rar. 23. t . 23 ? C. spuria? proxima. 



Descr. Leaves aggregate, fleshy, oblong, somewhat 
Wedge-shaped, being broader at thebase, and narrowing up- 
wards, channelled on the upper surface, margins very thick 
and incurved, terminated with a purple mucro. Scape 
above a foot long, rounded, purplish, nearly naked, having 
°nly three or four membranaceous scales or bractes. 
Flowers in an umbel-formed panicle, pendulous, orange-red, 
becoming deeper with age. Calyx five-cleft : segments 
acute, closely embracing the base of the Corolla, which is 
toonopetalous, an inch and half long; tube nearly cylin- 
drical : laciniae of the limb revolute, lanceolate. Necta- 
riferous scales at the base of the germens, five, concave. 
Stamens 10 : Filaments inserted at the bottom of the tube, 
hairy near their insertion. Anthers yellow, before dehiscence 
four-cornered, erect. Germens five, gradually narrowed 

into 



into five styles, recurved at the point, becoming longer 
than the stamens : Stigmas simple, acute. 

This species is certainly very nearly related to Cotyledon 
spuria ; and if we were sure that the synonym from Com- 
melin, referred to by Linnjsus and in Hortus Kewensis were 
correct, we should not much hesitate to refer it to that 
species ; but Mr. Haworth rejects that synonym for spuria ; 
but when he applies it to our curviflora (supra 2044), it is 
surely without any good reason, as Commelin's figure repre- 
sents the leaves to be channelled, with incurved margins, 
which, in curviflora are semicylindrical, and the flowers 
have very little resemblance ; the form of both the calyx 
and corolla being quite different. 

Our drawing of this fine plant was taken in April last, 
at Mr. Hood's fine collection, at South-Lambeth. 

Native of the Cape of Good-Hope. Requires the pro- 
tection of the greenhouse, or dry stove. 




FZ602. 



m- 




( 2602 ) 

Metrosideros viridiflora. Green- 
flowered METROSIDEROS. 

Class and Order. 

ICOSANDRIA MoNOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-fidus, semisuperus. Petala 5. Stamina longissima, 
exserta. Stigma simplex. Caps. 3- vel 4-locularis. 

Specific Character. 

Metrosideros viridiflora ; spicis terminalibus, foliis alternis 
lanceolatis rigidis pungentibus, petiolis adpressis, sta- 
minibus deflexis corolla quater longioribus. 

~- — — 

This species, which appears to us to be an undescribed 
one, approaches very near to M. saligna ; but differs in 
having less flexile branches, leaves quite smooth, darker 
green, smaller, more rigid and pungent, not so much nar- 
rowed at the base, and more evidently petioled; calyx, 
corolla, and stamens all green; the latter much longer, and 
pointing downwards. The flowers grow in a crowded spike, 
at first quite at the extremity ; the terminal shoot not ap- 
pearing till some time after the flowers are fully expanded. 

This handsome shrub was raised from seeds by Messrs. 
Whitley, Brame and Milne, of the Fulham Nursery, and 
communicated in flower last June. 

Native of New Holland. Appears to be a hardy green- 
house shrub, which can be propagated by cuttings ; but 
whether it is equally hardy with M. saligna has not been 
98 yet ascertained. 



1.2603. 




•W,li«* J 




( 2603 ) 

Oplotheca floridana. Florida 
oplotheca. 

******************** 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogtnia. 

Generic Character. 

Calyx semiquinquefidus, bibracteatus. Corolla nulla 
(nisi nectarium velis). Nectarium (vel filamenta coalita) 
tubulosum, 5-dentatum. Aniherai 5, in ore tubi sessiles, 
dentibus alternantes. Utriculus 1-spermus. Stylus indivi- 
sus : Stigma capita turn. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Oplotheca floridana ; caule erecto, spicis confertis opposi- 
tis ; inferioribus distantibus, calycibus globosis den- 
sissime lanatis. 

Oplotheca floridana. Nuttall. Gen, PL Amer. 2. p. 78. 
Barton Fl. Amer. 2. p. 67. t. 59. 

Gemphrena floridana; caule erecto glanduloso, foliis 
lanceolatis acutis pilosis, spicis paniculatis remotis 
oppositis. Sprengel Syst. Veg. 1 . p. 824. 

Gemphrena lanata. Humb. Bompl. et Kunth. Nov. PL 
Gen.etSp.2. p. 162.? 



Desc. Stem erect, clothed withshort brown glandular hairs. 
Leaves opposite, lanceolate, undulate, narrowed towards the 
base, subsessile : lower ones oblong-oval, obtuse, petioled, 
covered with a soft pubescence on the upper, and with silky 
adpressed hairs on the under side. Peduncles long, straight, 
founded, without leaves, villous. Flowers terminal, in 
crowded opposite spikes: lower spikes distant. Calyx 
fibular, five-cleft : tube globular, white, woolly; segments 
^reading, with two concave diaphanous scales, or bractes, 
closely embracing the base of the calyx. Nectarium tu- 
bular 



bular, 5-toothed : tube nearly cylindrical : teeth spreading. 
Anthers five, apparently sessile at the mouth of the tube 
of the nectarium, and alternate with its teeth. The necta- 
rium is supposed, perhaps justly, by some botanists to be 
composed of the united filaments. Germen oval, superior: 
style undivided : stigma capitate, appearing scaly, or lobular 
when magnified. 

Oplotheca* belongs to the natural order ofAmaranthacea, 
and has been established as a genus by Professor Nuttall, 
who unites with it, as a second species, the Gomphrena 
interrupta; Gomphrena Humboldtiana of Roemer and 
Schultes, the lanata of Kunth, if it should not turn out to 
be the same, will certainly make a third. It is distinguished 
from Gomphrena chiefly by the form of the stigma. 

Native of North America. Found on the banks of the 
Altamaho, by Dr. Baldwin ; on the sandy beach of the 
Arkansa, by Professor Nuttall. 

Communicated by Robert Barclay, Esq. of Bury Hill, 
in September, 1824. It was raised from seeds given to Mr. 
Barclay, by Mr. Nuttall. 



* Prom wr*o» armour and Swoi, a sheath, in allusion to the seed of this 
plant being protected in an armed sheath. Nutt. 



The outline figure, on the left hand, represents the calyx displayed to shew 
the nectarium within, and the bractes,o r concave scales at its base (the outer 
calyx of Nuttall) j and that on the right hand, the nectarium, also laid open, 
to shew the insertion of the anthers and the germen, style and stigma. 



Both figures are considerably magnified. 



#2604. 




A*. hy_JLG**&t. W+J^ffrifr QUJAZS. 



( 2604 ) 

NOLANA PARADOXA. VlOLET-COLOURED 
NOLANA. 

********************* 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. campanulata. Stylus inter germina. Nuces 5, 
2 — i-loculares. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Nolana paradoxa ; caulibus prostratis hirsutis, calycibus 
saepius triangularibus, corollis infundibuliformi-cam- 
panulatis. 

Nolana paradoxa ; caule prostrato et foliis ovatis obtusis 
petiolatis pilosis, calycis laciniis triangularibus, nucu- 
lis cumulatis monospermis. Lindley in Bot. Reg. 
w.865. 



We examined several flowers of this plant at different 
times, but in all we found five germens, united together, 
and seated on a glandular five-lobed receptacle. In no in- 
stance did we meet with any thing like what is described 
in the Botanical Register ; so that we suspect the specimen 
examined by Mr. Lindley may have been a monstrosity. 
The principal difference we could observe in this species 
from Nolana prostrata existed in the calyx and corolla. 
In Nolana paradoxa the calyx was very generally, in an 
early stage, divided only into two navicular segments, one 
°f them with one, and the other with two sharp keels : in 
a later stage, these segments often split at the keels, when 
the calyx becomes five-cleft, differing from that of prostrata 
°nly in the want of the spur-like processes towards the 
base. The corolla in our present plant is larger, more 
funnel-shaped, and of a bright violet colour, with a white 

star 



star in the centre : in prostrata, the limb is more patent, 
the colour a pale blue, with dark purple streaks, radiating 
from the centre. The stems oiparadoxa are stronger, and 
more pubescent, the central one sometimes growing up- 
right, and becoming woody. Mr. David Cameron, the 
head gardener at Bury Hill, informed us, that one which he 
planted out in a border in May last, had, by the latter end 
of August, covered a space of four feet diameter. 

Our drawing was taken at the collection of the late 
John Walker, Esq. in May, 1823, where it was raised 
from seeds, imported from Chili, by Mr. Francis Place. 
But we had no opportunity of examining the plant parti- 
cularly, and comparing it with prostrata, till we received 
specimens of both species from Bury Hill in August last. 



Ma 60s. 




J\+i.b} i ti+rtif TTetlwDTth Bc,t>2$'l6. 



( 2605 ) 

Origanum Maru. Lavender-scented 
Marjoram. 

Class and Order. 

DlDYNAMIA GYMNOSPERMIA. 

Generic Character. 

Strobilus tetragonus, spicatus, calyces colligens. Corolla 
labium superius erectum planum ; inferius tripartitum, la- 
ciniis aequalibus. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Origanum Maru; spicis hirsutis, foliis ovatis tomentosis 
sessilibus. Sp. PL 825. Excluso synonymo Tourne- 
fortii. mild. Sp. PL 3. p. 137. Persoon Syn. 2. p. 
129. n. 14. Smith in Rees. Cyclop, in loco. Lam. 
Encycl. BotA. p. 608. n. 11. 

Majorana cretica, rotund ifolia, Lavandulae odore, capitulis 
minoribusincanis, flore purpurascente. Tournef. Cor. 
13. ex auctoritate 111. Smith. 1. c. 

Maru creticum. Alpin. Exot. 289. t. 288. 



M. Poiret, in the supplement to the Encyclopedic, ex- 
presses a doubt, whether this species is not the same as the 
vgyptiacum, which doubt has probably arisen from the ex- 
amination of the synonyms, in which, according to Dr. 
Solander, Linnaeus has confounded at least three different 
species. 

Prom the specimen of agyptiacum in the Banksian Her- 
barium, which agrees with that in our own, Origanum Maru 
Offers extremely, the capitula in that being crowded to- 
gether on very short peduncles, and the spaces between the 
leaves, which are petioled, being much shorter. 

There is a rigidity and nakedness in our plant, which 

at 



at first sight distinguishes it from all the other species of 
the genus. That our figure represents the real Origanum 
Maru we have the authority of Sir James E. Smith, having 
compared it with his authenticated specimen in the Bank- 
sian Herbarium, collected by the late Professor Sibthorpe. 

Perennial. Native of the Sphaciotic mountains in Crete. 
Requires to be protected from frost. Not recorded in 
Hortus Kewensis ; nor in any of the later catalogues of our 
gardens, that we have seen. 

The specimen from which our drawing was taken was 
communicated by Mr. Hodson, from the Botanic Garden 
at Bury St. Edmunds, in August, 1823. 



N2606, 




( 2606 ) 

CALADIUM SEGUINUM, j3. MACULATUM. POISON- 
OUS Caladium, or Dumb Cane. 

****************** 

Class and Order. 

MONCECIA POLYANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Masc. Col. o. Cor. o. Antherce peltatae, multiloculares, 
in spicam ad apicem spadicis compositae. 

Fem. Calo. Cor. o. Germina ad basin spadicis in- 
serta. Stylus o. Bacca 1-locularis, polysperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Caladium seguinum ; caulescens, suberectum, foliis oblon- 

gis cuspidatis, spadice spatha obionga breviore. Willd. 

Sp. PI. 4. p. 4. 90. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 5. 312. 
Caladium seguinum. Vent. Cels. 30. 
Arum seguinum; caulescens, suberectum, foliis lanceolato- 

ovatis. Sp. PI. 1371. Jacq. Amer. p. 239. t. 151. 

Mill.Ic.p. 197. t. 295. 
Arum caule erecto geniculate- inferne nudo, foliis oblongo- 

ovatis. Browne Jam. p. 331. 
Arum caule geniculate, cannae indicae foliis, summis labris 

degustantes mutos reddens. Sloane Hist. Jam. 1. p. 

168. 
Arum caulescens Cannae indicae foliis. Plum. Amer. p. 45. 

t.6l. 



Mr. Anderson, the curator of the Apothecaries' Garden at 
Chelsea, has three different varieties, or perhaps species 
under the name of Dumb Cane. The one here figured 
does not appear to be specifically different from that 
figured by Philip Miller, but to have just the same rela- 
tion to it, as the spotted Arum has to the plain variety. 
But a third kind in the same collection may perhaps be 

considered 



considered to be a distinct species, having broad-oval leaves, 
and stronger parallel ribs on the under side> running ob- 
liquely from the mid-rib to the margins. 

Many of the plants of the family of Aroidce are very 
acrid ; but this perhaps exceeds them all in this quality. 
Sir Hans Sloane, in his History of Jamaica, gives the fol- 
lowing account of the reason of the name by which it is 
known in the West Indies. 

" If one cut this Cane with a knife and put the tip of the 
tongue to it, it makes a very painful sensation, and occa- 
sions such a very great irritation on the salivary ducts, that 
they presently swell, so that the person cannot speak, and 
do nothing for some time but void spittle to a great degree, 
or salivate, which in some time goes off ; in this, doing, in 
a greater degree, what European Arum does in a lesser ; and 
from this its quality, and being jointed, this Arum is called 
Dumb Cane." 

It is said, that the masters sometimes inflict a severe 
punishment upon their slaves, by rubbing their mouths with 
this plant. It is, also, an ingredient in the highly acrimo- 
nious liquid used in the preparation of sugar. 

Native of the West Indies, and the tropical part of the 
continent of America, growing in marshy places, where it 
attains the height of five or six feet. Cultivated in the stove. 

Flowers at different seasons. Our specimen was com- 
municated by Mr. Anderson in March in the present year. 



The Outline figure shews the spadix, with the spathe removed ; in which 
the male flowers are seen at the upper part, and the female at the lower. 



( 2606* ) i 

Amaryllidearum Synopsis. 

************************* 

§ I. Amaryjlmdiformes. Scapus solidus. Tuhi 
faux arcta, Semina carnosa. 

Crinum. Folia basi tubulosa. Germen medio cras- 
sius. Tubus cylindricus, genuine gracilior. Fila- 
menta extra tubum inserta; plus minus declinata, 
recurvata. Anthera? incumbentes. Stigma trigonum 
aut trifidum. Capsula difformis, sine valvis aut 
sulcis, dissepimentis obsoletis. 

A.mmocharis. Folia basi non tubulosa. Anthers 
breves, polline minuto. Stigma obtusum, simplex 
aut bifidum. Capsula turbinata, trilocularis, tri- 
sulca, trivalvis. Caitera ut in Crino, cut propinquis- 
simum. 

Buphone. Spatha bi folia. Tubus cylindricus. Laci- 
ni& patentes. Filamenta extra tubum inserta, erec- 
ta, distantia. Stigma apex simplicissimus. Capsula 
turbinata, trilocularis, trisulca, trivalvis. Fructu ad 
Ammocharin, Jlore ad H&manthum § II. approx- 
imator. 

HiEMANTHus, § I. Spatha erecta, polyphylla, crassa, 
saepe colorata. Tubus rectus, ventricosus. Lacinia 
suberectas vel conniventes. Filamenta tubo summo 
inserta, erecta. Anther & suberectae. Stigma atte- 
nuatum, simplex aut minutissime divisum. Capsula 
loculis monospermis, dissepimentis obsoletis, saepe 
colorata. § II. Spatha trifolia, patens. Tubus 
cylindricus. Laciniae patentes. Filamenta recta, 
distantia. Species una, H. multiflora. 

Amaryllis. Germen trigone obovatum. Tubus ct 
limbus infundibuliformes. Filamenta extra tubum 
inserta, fasciculata, declinata, recurvata. Stigma 
trigonum, fimbriatum. Capsula trilocularis, tri- 
valvis, hians. 

Brunsvigia. Tubus anguste infuridibulifornws. Lim- 
bus sursum curvatus. Filamenta extra tubum in- 
> serta, declinata, recurvata. Capsula trigona, trilo- 
cularis, trisulca,, trivalvis. 

7 Imhofia. 



II 



7. Imhofia. Germen obovatum. Tubus cylindricus: 

Limbus patentissime reflexus. Filamenta fascicu- 
lata, erecta. Species una, Brunsvigia marginata, 
Jacquin. 

8. Nerine. Tubus nullus. Lacinice reflexae. Filamenta 

basi gibbosa monadelpha. Stigma trirldum. § I. 
Corolla regulari. § II. Corolla distorta. 

9. Strumaria. Stylus pyramidalis basi gibbosa. Fila- 

menta patentia. 

10. Lycoris. Tubus declinatus versus faucem amplior. 

Filamenta cum laciniis pariter in tubuin coalescen- 
tia. Stigma simplex. 
8. Griffinia. Semina obovata, nitida. A Lycoride adhuc 
accuratiiis distingendum. 

§ II. Pancratiformes. Scapus solidus. Corona 
staminifera. 

1. Eucrosia. Tubus declinatus, antice abbreviatus. Lim- 

bus sursum curvatus, compressus. Corona declinata, 
concavo-rutelli - formis, basi cylindrica erectiore. 
Filamenta inferne dilatata, complanata. Anthem 
a tertia parte pendulae, polline minuto. Stigma 
dilatatum, complanatum. Capsula ovata, trisulca. 

2. Stenomesson. Germen erectum, ovatum, trisulcum. 

Tubus rectus, media parte angustior, sumina ventri- 
cosus. Filamenta recta. Antherce incumbentes. 
Capsula ovata, trisulca, trivalvis. Stigma dilatatum. 

3. Carpodetes. Germen erectum, oblongum, trisulcum, 

medio constrictum. Tubus curvatus, infra cylin- 
dricus, supra ventricosus. Filamenta recta. Stigma 
dilatatum. 

4. Lepbriza. Bulbus squameus. Germen pendulum, 

ovatum, trisulcum. Tubus summa parte augustior- 
Filamenta sinuatim conniventia. Stigma dilatatum. 

5. Calostemma. Germen uniloculare. Tubus cylin- 

dricus. Corona saepe temere fissa. Anthera erects, 
fundo affixae. Stigma simplex attenuatum. Semina 
uno latere complanata. 

6. Proiphys. Germen dissepimentis imperfectis vix trilo- 

culare. Tub us cylindricus. Corona saepius sexies 
fissa, Jilamentis basi alatis. Antkera erectae, fundo 
affixae. Semina rotundata, bulbo immature protruso. 

Calostcmmati propinquissimum . 

7. Hymenocallis. 



Ill 

Hymenocallis. Germen triloculare,, trigon urn. Tubus 
' rectus, angulose cylindricus. Filamenta (laccida, dis- 

tautia. Antherm longae, a tertia parte pendulae. 

Stigma rotundatum. Semina carnosa, oolemma, 

vindia. 

8. Ismene. Tubus curvatus, cylindricus. Filamenta 

brevia, tria in coronam deflexa, tria inferiora im- 
plexe conniventia. Semina carnosa, rotunda, vi- 
ridia. 

9. Pancratium. Filamenta rigida, erecta, conniventia. 

Antherte breves, suberectas. Stigma simplex vel 
trigonum. Semina nigra, testacea. 

10. Liriope. Tubus cylindricus. Corona declinata, ima 

parte staminifera, summa filamenta labio eroso com- 
prehendens. Genitalia declinata, recurvata. Anthera 
breves incumbeutes. Genus Narcisso approximatum. 
Narcissum, Leucoium, Galanthum pratermitto*. 

§ III. HlPPEASTRIFORMES. ScUpUS CttVUS. TuM 

faux arcta. Semina testa nigra. 

1. Hippeastrum. Germ en trigonum, summa parte latius, 

media constrictum. Tubus infra abbreviatus. La- 
ciniaz quaterna discrepantia. Filamenta tubo gra- 
datimjinserta quaterna discrepantia, declinata, recur- 
vata, fasciculata. Stigma tiifidum. 

2. Sprekelia. Germen ut in Hippeastro. Tubus sub- 

nullus. Lacinice inferiores devexae, superae reflexae. 
Filamenta declinata, recurvata, fasciculata, pariter 
membrana connexa et corollas inserta. 

3. Habranthus. Germen ut in Hippeastro. Corolla 

declinata, infundibuliformis, sub sole patentior. Fi- 
lamenta pariter ad faucem tubi inserta, declinata, 
recurvata, fasciculata, quaternS, longitudinis discre- 
pantia. Antlwra: incumbentes. Stigma trifidum. 

4. Zephyranthes. Germen ut in Hippeastro. Corolla 

suberecta, infundibuliformis, sub sole patentior. Fi- 
lamenta ad basin laciniarum inserta, suberecta, dis- 
tantia, conniventia, alterna longiora. Antherce in- 
fra medium affix®, suberectae. Stylus declinatus. 
Stigma trifidum. 

5. Oporanthus. Germen ovale, complanatum. Tubus 

et limbus infundibuliformes, erecti. Filamenta tubo 
pariter inserta, erecta, conniventia. Species lutea 
etforsan exigua, citrina. 

6. Sternebergia. 



IV 

6. Sternebergia. Flos radicalism aphyllus, erectus, sta- 
minibus erectis, antheris 4-locularibus, tubo partim 
subterraneo. Capsula oblonga, trigona, humo ex- 
trusa. Semina globosa, nigra, funiculo fungoso 
crasso albo subarillate immersa. Species colchici- 
flora Kitaibel ; et proculdubio clusiana. Genus ad 
Colchicum accedens. 

1? Clinanthus. Germen subrotundum , trisulcum. Tubus 
et limbus infundibuliformes. 

8? Chlidanthus. Germen trigone ovale. Tubus cylin- 
dricus. Filamenta extra tubum inserta, erecta. 
Anther a ima parte affixaj, erectae. 

§ IV. Cyrtanthiformes. Scapus cavus, Tubi faux 
ampla. Semina testacea. 

1 ? Pyrolirion. Germen ovale. Tubus rectus, infra 
cylindricus, supra campanulatus. Limbus infundi- 
buliformis, renexus. Filamenta erecta. Stylus 
declinatus. Stigma trifidum. 

2. Vallota. Tubus rectus, infra cylindricus, supra in- 

fundibuliformis. Filamenta conniventia, tubi lateri 
adhaerentia. Capsula ovalis. 

3. Gastronema. Germen ovale. Tubus curvatus, infra 

cylindricus, supra ventricosus. Filamenta tubo in- 
serta, tria torte declinata, tria inferiora recta apice 
conniventia. 

4. Cyrtanthus. Tubus et stylus incurvati. Filamenta 

supera regione tubi inserta. Capsula ovalis. 

5 ? Urceolaria. Germen pendulum, ovatum, trisulcum, 
triloculare. Tubus rectus, infra cylindricus, supra 
ventricosus. 

6? Bravoa. Corolla infundibuliformis, pendula. Fila- 
menta fundo tubi inserta. 

In prima etsecunda sectione genera gradatim fere aCrino 
ad Narcissum transeunt; in tertia et quarta ab Hippeastro, 
ad Cyrtanthum aut Bravoam. Ixiolirion, App. 31. ob cau- 
lem ramosum foliigerum non hie bene convenit. W. H- 



INDEX. 



In which the Latin Names of the Plants contained in the Fifty- 
Second Volume are alphabetically arranged. 



PL 

2570 Acqnitum ochroleucum. 
2524 Ageratum mexicanum. 
2606*Amaryllidearum synopsis. 
2576 Anthyllis Hermannia;. 
2545 Aristolochia labiosa, 
2549 Berberis aristata. 

2554 Boltonia Asteroides. 

2578 Brunsvigia Josephina: y. 
2562 Cactus truncatus. 
2543 Caladium bicolor. 

2606 seguinum. 

2523 Calceolaria rugosa. 

2571 Camellia japonica, ir. 
2577 ,' t . 

2581 Campanula Lorei. 

2553 latifolia y macrantha. 

2559 Catasetum tridentatum. 
2551 Centaurea sphaerocephala. 

2556 Chrysanthemum sinense.var.17. 
2536 Clerodendrum macrophyllum. 

2572 Cotyledon corrfnea. 

2601 — coruscans. 

2531 Crinum areharium, 0. 

2592 elegans. 

2561 Crotalaria retusa. 
2580 Cuphea serpyllifolia. 
2529 Cynoglossum nitidum. 
2534 Cyrtanthus striatus. 

2584 Dendrobium Pierardi. 
2575 Dracaena stricta. 

2560 Elsholtzia cristata. 

2585 Gladiolus debilis. 

2539 Gloriosa virescens. 

2582 Gnaphalium involucratum. 

2540 Goodyera pubescens, (S. minor. 
2597 Habranthus bifidus. 

2579 Hakeaflorida. 
2596 Hallia imbricata. 
2533 Hamelia patens. 
2526 Heliophila stricta. 

2557 Herpestis Monnieria, 0. portu- 

lacacea. 

2573 Hippeastrumsolandiaeflorum, /3. 
2528 Iris longispatha. 



PL 
2530 Jussieua ovalifolia. 

2541 Lavatera hispida. 
2600 Lechenaultia formosa. 

2565 Ligustrum lucidum. 
2525 Limnocharis Plumieri. 

2563 Lobelia longiflora. 

2590 minuta. 

2519 rhizophyta. 

2550 Tupa. 

2574 Madia viscosa. 
2544 Malva abutiloides. 
2527 Melodinus monogynus. 

2602 Metrosideros viridiflora. 

2588 Narcissus Maclaii. 
2555 Nicotiana Langsdorffii. 

2604 Nolana paradoxa. 

2566 (Enothera triloba. 

2603 Oplotheca floridana. 
2569 Orchis sulphurea. 

2605 Origanum Maru. 
25S5 Palitirus Tirgatus. 
2538 Pancratium zeylanicum. 
2587 Pentstemon Digitalis. 
2532 Pergularia sanguinolenta. 
2552 Petunia nyctaginiflora. 

2542 Phlomis lunarifolia, 0. 

2564 Primula sinensis. 
2548 Scutellaria altissima. 

2589 Serratula pulchella. 
2568 Solanum Balbisii. 

2547 ■ — - pyracanthum, (3. 

2546 Solidago lanceolata. 

2598 Stylidium adnatum, 0. 

2591 Thunbergia alata. 

2599 Tigridia Herberti. 

2567 Urtica reticulata. 
2586 Vaccinium macrocarpon. 
2595 Waldsteinia geoides. 
2558 Zanthoxylum nitidum. 
2594 Zephyranthes carinata. 

2537 rosea. 

2593 striata. 

2583 verecunda 



INDEX. 



In which the English Names of the Plants contained inthe Fifty- 
Second Volume are Alphabetically arranged. 



Knight's - Star - lily, Solandra- 

flowered. 
Jussieua, Oval-leaved. 
Lavatera, Hairy. 
Lechenaultia, Handsome. 
Limnocharis, Plumier's. 
Lobelia, Long-flowered. 

Mullein-leaved. 

Small. 

~ Spathula-leaved. 



PL 

2524 Ageratum, Mexican. 
2606*Amaryllideae, Synopsis of. 

2553 Bell-flower, Large-flowered giant 

2581 Pollini's. 

2549 Berberry, Chitrian. 

2545 Birth-wort, Marcgrave's. 

2554 Boltonia, Starwort-flowered. 

2578 Brunswick- Lily, Tate's variety 

of Josephine's. 
2562 Cactus, Ringent-flowered. 
2606 Caladium, Poisonous or Dumb 

Cane. 

2543 ! — Two-coloured. 

2571 Camellia, Chandler's new. 
2577 Knight's new Waratah. 

2559 Catasetum, Trinidad. 

2551 Centaury,Prickly globe-headed. 

2535 Christ's-thorn, Nepal. 

2556 Chrysanthemum, Expanded 

light-purple. 

2536 Clerodendrum, Broad-leaved- 

2585 Cornflag, Weak. 

2586 Cranberry, American. 

2531 Crinum, Blush-coloured Sand. 

2592 Elegant. 

2561 Crotalaria, Wedge-leaved. 

2582 Cudweed, Globe-headed New- 

Zealand. 
2580 Cuphea, Trinidad. 
2534 Cyrthanthus, Striated. 
2584 Dendrobium, Pierard's. 

2575 Dracama, Upright. 
Dumb Cane, see Caladium. 

2560 Elsholtzia, Crested. 

2566 Evening-primrose, Dandelion- 
leaved. 

2528 Flag, Long-spathed. 

2539 Gloriosa, Greenish-flowered. 

2546 Golden-rod, Tarragon-leaved. 

2540 Goodyera, small pubescent. 
2597 Habranthus, Two-cleft. 

2579 Hakea, Many-flowered. 
2596 Hallia, Tiled. 

2533 Hamelia, Spreading scarlet. 
2526 Heliophila, Upright. 

2557 Herpestis, Purslane -leaved. 

2529 Houndstongue, Smooth, or Na- 

vel-wort. 

2576 Kidney-vetch, Lavender-leaved 



PL 
2573 

2530 
2541 
2600 
2525 
2563 
2550 
2590 
2519 
2574 
2544 
2605 
2527 
2588 
2601 
2572 
2567 
2568 
2547 
2604 
2603 
2569 
2538 

2587 
2532 
2552 
2542 

2564 
2565 
2589 
2548 

2523 
2598 
2591 
2599 
2555 
2595 

2570 
2558 
2594 
2583 
2537 
2593 



Madia, Clammy. 

Mallow, Bahama. 

Marjoram, Lavender-scented. 

Melodinus, East-Indian. 

Narcissus, Macleay's. 

Navel-wort, Sparkling. 

Scarlet. 

Nettle, Netted-leaved. 

Nightshade, Balbis's. 

Orange-thorned. 

Nolana, Violet-coloured. 

Oplotheca, Florida. 

Orchis, Pale-yellow. 

Pancratium, One-flowered, or 
Sea-Daffodil. 

Pentstemon, Foxglove-like. 

Pergularia, Bloody-juiced. 

Petunia, Large-flowered. 

Phlomis, Russell's Honesty- 
leaved. 

Primrose, Chinese. 

Privet, Chinese or Wax -tree. 

Saw-wort, Purple-scaled. 

Skull-cap, Tall. 

Sea-Daffodil see Pancratium. 

Slipper-wort, Sage-leaved. 

Stylidium, One-celled. 

Thunbergia, Winged-leaved. 

Tiger-flower, Herbert's. 

Tobacco, LangsdortTs. 

Waldsteinia, Avens-like. 

Wax -tree, see Privet. 

Wolf's-bane, Pale-yellow. 

Zanthoxylum, Shining-leaved. 

Zephyranthes, Keel-leaved. 

— Modest. 

Rose-coloured. 

Striped.