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Full text of "Curtis's botanical magazine."

C U R T I S' S 

Botanical Magazine; 

y* or, 

FLOWER-GARDEN DISPLAYED: 

IN WHICH 

The most Ornamental Foreign Plants, cultivated in the Open 
Ground, the Green-House, and the Stove, are accurately 
represented in their natural Colours. 

TO WHICH ABE ADDED, 

Their Names, Class, Order, Generic and Specific Characters, according 

to the celebrated Linn .ejus; their Places of Growth, 

and Times of Flowering ; 

Together with the most approved Methods of Culture. 

A WORK 

Intended for the Use of such Ladies, Gentlemen, and Gardeners, as wish 
to become scientifically acquainted with the Plants they cultivate. 

By JOHN SlWs^LD. 

Fellow of the Royal and Linnean Societies. 



VOL. LIII. 
Being the Eleventh of the New Series. 



The Flowers, which grace their native beds, 

Awhile put forth their Washing heads, 

But, e'er the close of parting day, 

They wither, shrink, and die away : 

But these, which mimic skill hath made, 

Nor scorched by suns, nor killed by shade, 

Shall blush with less inconstant hue, 

Which art at pleasure can renew. Lioyd. 



ilontron: 

Printed by Edward Couchman, Throgmorton-Street. 

Published by Sherwood, Gilbert, & Co. 20, Paternoster- Row, 

And Sold by the principal Booksellers in Great-Britain and Ireland. 

MDCCCXXVI. 




$2601 



Jte.ij.r.cwus.irmi 



( 2607 ) 

Zephyranthes Candida. Peruvian 
Zephyranthes. 

■"!' A'- -Sfc ."fr. &, . y V. . x l', ■ v I / i & t &m &. ■ v t > . .'I''. &. *&. -V. K V. *fr. &. &. 

• Gfass and Order. 

Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — Vide supra No. $537. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Zephyranthes Candida; foliis linearibus, crassis, glaberri- 
mis, canaliculars, dorso rntnndatis, obtusis, viridibus, 
scapo plus duplo longioribus : scapo quadrunciali, de- 
clinato, viridi, unifloro ; spatha purpurascente, pedun- 
culo longiore, uno latere dehiscente, basi tubulosa ; 
corolla sub sole paten tissima ; tubo 4-unciali, viridi; 
laciniis uncialibus, albis, basi viridi, gibbo minutissimo 
aculeiformi prope basin munitis; filamentis erectis, 
distantibus, pallide virescentibus, prope basin sinuose 
flexis ; antheris ^-uncialibus, aureis, suberectis, con- 
niventibus ; stylo declinato, albo, stigmate trilobo lo- 
bis erectis ; seminibus pi an is, fuscis. 

Amaryllis Candida. Bot. Reg. 9. 724. W. H. 



Our specimen flowered in a pot, out of doors, at Spofforth, 
in July, having passed the winter in the greenhouse. The 
plant is very hardy, and, planted out in front of the stove, 
preserved its foliage in the most healthy state through the 
winter, and flowered the first week in August. We received 
this species from Peru and Buenos Ayres, and also from the 
Hort. Soc. who imported it from Lima. It increases fast 
by offsets, and its erect leaves look like a bunch of rushes. 
The scape slopes towards the sun. Near the foot of each 
petal, above the point where the filament is inserted, is a 
minute spur-like excrescence. We had an opportunity of 
comparing its flower immediately with that of Atamasco, 

and 



and have no doubt of their belonging to the same genus. 
The anthers of Atamasco are attached at the same point and 
quite as erect, though shorter and less conspicuous. The 
posture of the style and filaments in Candida agrees with that 
of the other species ; the lobes of the stigma are thicker and 
more erect, but the difference is scarcely so great as be- 
tween the stigmas of Hippeastrum Regince and equestre. 
The seeds are not fleshy as conjectured in the Botanical 
Register, but shelly and black like those of the whole ge- 
nus. In the shortness of the tube and the ronnded curve of 
the lowest part of the filaments it accords with tubispatha. 
The corolla of all the species is disposed to expand in the 
sun; that of Candida contracts again quickly in the shade. 
An attempt to impregnate Z. Atamasco by the pollen of 
an Habranthus was unsuccessful. 

Since this article was prepared, Z. Candida has ripened 
seed at Spofforth, out of doors, very similar to that of Z. 
rosea, a little plumper and of a more glossy black than 
those imported from Buenos Ayres, which did not vegetate. 
The flowers continued rising in succession, out of doors, 
throughout August, September, and the beginning of Octo- 
ber. On close inspection, a slight beard is observable in 
Z. carinata, just above the point where the filaments are 
inserted. W. H. 



a Represents a petal with the filament inserted with a hend at* its base. 
6 b two views of the filament and anther, c the stigma and part of the style. 
d the outline of the flower, the spathe being pulled back to shew the germen. 
and the scape straightened as if tied to a stick to shew that the flower declines" 
from it as in the other species • the scape assumed this posture at a later pe- 
riod, e one of its seeds which accompanied the bulbs from Buenos Ayres. 




Bub.by.iCxr^.lr^tn'th. f<,*J£2f. WnUMJc 



( 2608 ) 

Gladiolus Alatus /3. Winged cornflag, 
Algoa Bay variety. 

Class and Order. 

Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — Vide No. 569. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. — Vide supra 586. 

Gladiolus alatus; foliis duris, rigidis, dense costatis; scapo 
spathis decurrentibus alato; corollae lacinia suprema 
concava apice interdum reflexo, lateralibus superiori- 
bus latissimis rhombeo-ovatis reflexis, inferioribus 
angustis glandulosis spatulatis porrectis, ima reflexa. 

(«.) supra 586 ; lacinia suprema reflexa. 

(j3.) Algoensis; lacinia suprema concava. 

(y.) minor. 

(J.) Namaquensis. supra 592. W. H. 



The variety of the beautiful Gladiolus alatus, which 
forms the subject of this article, flowered at Spoffbrth, in 
July, having been imported by Mr. Tate, of the Sloane 
Street Nursery, from Algoa Bay in S. Africa. G. alatus and 
namaquensis were separated on account of the former hav- 
ing the point of the upper petal reflex, while namaquensis 
has it concave, and the leaf margined with red. Our plant 
has the foliage of alatus, and the concave upper petal of 
namaquensis, by which the specific distinction appears to be 
removed. Each of the lower lateral petals is furnished with 
a long gland at the base ; these are visible in the figure of 
var. ot, though not mentioned in the description, but we do 
not perceive them in the figure of namaquensis. G. alatus 
has seldom been seen in flower in this country. It was 
suggested above, p. 586, that it probably required more 
heat than the other species ; we apprehend on the con- 
trary, that it requires free air, and to be shaded from scorch- 
ing suns; being planted in sandy yellow earth, without peat. 
Many of the Ensatae are destroyed by peat, which cankers 
and rots the bulbs. W. H. 



F.Z6Q9. 




Pub hy r.OtrUrH^hrorth.roi.lSM 



( 2609 ) 

Convolvulus Dahuricus. Daurian 
Bindweed. 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — Vide supra 2151. 

Specific Character. 

Convolvulus dahuricus, radice sarmentosa; caule volubili, 
tomentoso, herbaceo; foliis oblongo-cordatis, glahris' 
margine et nervis subtus tomentosis ; pedunculis ax- 
illaribus, unifloris, tomentosis,, margine repando ; brac- 
teis binis late ovatis; calycis foliolis lanceolatis, acutis, 
duobus exterioribus latioribus ; corolla roseo -pur- 
purea ; stylo filamentis longiore. 

Calystegi^e species. R. Brown. W. H. 



Our specimen flowered in July, at Spofforth, where it was 
sent two or three years ago, by Mr. Cooper, botanic gar- 
dener to Lord Milton, who raised it from seed, received, 
we believe, from Dr. Fischer. To Mr. Cooper, who is a 
most zealous and intelligent cultivator, we were indebted 
also for the introduction of Ipomcea Platensis, of which he 
gathered the seed on the banks of the Plata, where, though 
a twiner, it acquired, by intertwisting itself, the form and 
appearance of a bush, in a country where not a tree or a 
bush was to be seen. C. dahuricus belongs to the same 
division of the genus as C. sepium, having besides the five 
segments of the calyx, two broad calyx-like bractes, which 
cover the calyx. It differs from C. sepium in having 
the bractes proportionately broader and less acuminate, a 
smaller rose-coloured flower, downy stalk, petioles, and pe- 
duncles, the leaves downy on the margin and on the nerves 
underneath, more oblong, not so taper at the point, nor so 
broad and auriculate at the shoulder. 

It 



It is a hardy perennial plant, flowering in July, with 
creeping fleshy roots. These troublesome species may be 
ornamentally cultivated in small plots insulated in the turf, 
under which their roots will not spread. JV. H. 



( 2610 ) 

Wachendorfia paniculata. /3. Panicled 
Wachendorfia, Naples yellow variety. 

- v k --V'- A*. .~i f - ■ V I / - ."fr- ,*l'- , v I r - A'- &- &• .SI"- V I / - A- .St'- &- A'- . v l / - "fr. .St"- 

vff vf> */f» m> Ms "T* <f» i» i» yp ii» i» ™ "T 1 ™ ™ ti» vf 'N ™ 

C/ass a«d Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. — Vide supra 614. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. — Vide supra 616. 

Wachendorfia paniculata. 
(a.) fiore aureo, supra 616. 
{p.)jlore pallide luteo. 



The plant, from which our sketch was taken, flowered 
at Spofforth, in July, having been sent from the Cape of 
Good Hope, under the name of Wachendorfia brevifolia. 
It accords, however, with paniculata in having smooth 
foliage, a downy flower-stem, and the laterals approached 
to the upper petal, differing from our plant No. 616, in the 
paler colour of the leaves and corolla. The two varieties 
of paniculata, and W. brevifolia supra p. 1 166, flower very 
freely planted in peat; a narrow-leaved variety of W. 
hirsuta, which we received some years ago from W. Griffin, 
Esq. also flowers constantly, but we have had the old va- 
riety of W. hirsuta as well as W. graminea (of which last 
the leaves are thick, hard, and not plicate, and the root not 
bulbous) fifteen years without obtaining a flower from 
either. W. thyrsifiora, of which the root is not bulbous, 
flowers rarely with us. In all the species the fibres are 
orange-coloured, on which account some persons have 
planted them in glass pots. We have another Wachendorfia 
from Algoa Bay, with hairy leaves, imported by Mr. Tate, 
of the Sloane Street Nursery, which has lately flowered at 
Spofforth, appearing to be a variety of brevifolia. W. H. 



Mzeii. 




Ki 



•aj.l^.y.^fc, **K,. ri K.x t „i Sit 



( 2611 ) 

CORNUTIA PUNCTATA. DoTTED-FLOWERED 
CORNUTIA. 

********************* 
Class and Order. 

DlDVNAMIA AnGIOSPERMIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 4-dentatus. Corolla subringens. St am 4, quorum 
duo sterilia. Drupa mice 4-loculari. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Cornutia punctata ; corymbis axiilaribus trichotomis. 

Willd. Sp.PL3. p. 322. 
Cornutia punctata ; foliis ovatis subdentatis utrinque at- 

tenuatis glabriusculis, corymbis axiilaribus trifidis. 

Spreng. Syst. Veget. 1. p. 39. 
Cornutia pyramidata. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 4. p. 45. non 

Willd. 
Hosta ccerulea. Jacq. Hort. Scharnb. 1. p. 60. t. 114. 

Poiret Encycl. Hot. Suppl. 3. p. 60. 
Hostana ccerulea. Persoon Syn. 2. p. 143. 



Descr. Stem shrubby, erect, branched : branches square, 
with sharp, winged angles. Leaves opposite crosswise, 
ovate-acuminate, sinuate -dentate, soft-villous on the upper 
side, tomentose and netted-veined on the under. Flowers 
in axillary, trichotomous corymbs, blue. Pedicels very 
short. Calyx inferior, minute, obsoletely 4-toothed, pu- 
bescent. Corolla subbilabiate, pubescent : tube four times 
longerthan calyx, incurved : limb irregular, 4-lobed: upper 
and lateral lobe entire, lower lobe largest, emarginate, with 
a round yellow spot at the base, but the dots on its sur- 
face are not seen unless magnified, and are white glands 
at the base of the hairs. Stamens four, equal, within 

the 



the tube, two of them barren : Anthem dark blue, just 
appearing at the edge of the faux. Germen globular. 
Style exserted, simple. Stigma tvvo-lobed. The two up- 
per divisions of the flowering stem, grew likewise from the 
axils of the leaves, which, having fallen off, are not repre- 
sented in the figure. 

Botanists seem to have been very undecided whether 
Jacquin's Hosta should be separated from Cornutia or not. 
We have adopted the negative opinion, although undoubt- 
edly, if full confidence could be given to the figures of the 
genus Cornutia in Plumier, it would not be possible to re- 
concile Hosta with it; but it is doubtful whether this author 
has described the fruit justly, and as to the bipartite style, 
there appears to be no authority whatever, being only taken 
from the figure (not the description) in Plumier's Genera, 
which may very likely have represented the barren filaments' 
mistaken by Burmann for a divided style. In the last 
edition of the Hortus Kewensis Jacquin's plant is added to 
Cornutia pyramidata, but we must agree with Willdenow 
in considering them as distinct species. 

There being only two fertile stamens, Sprengel, in his 
new Systema Vegetabilium, places Cornutia in the class 
Diandria, but as it belongs to the natural order of Viticea, 
we should be very unwilling to remove it so far from its 
very nearly allied genus the Lantana. 

Native of the West Indies and tropical America. Cul- 
tivated in the stove. Communicated by Messrs. Whitley, 
Brame, and Milne, of the Fulham Nursery. 




^ 



£JVrX^*-Zr£+l, VfmtUlUl, /,< 



( 2612 ) 

NuTTALLIA DIGITATA. DlGITATE-LEAVED 
NUTTALLIA. 

**************** ^-SH^N* 
Class and Order. 

MONADELPHIA PoLYANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Calyx simplex, 5-fidus. Capsules plurimae, monospermy 
in verticillum aggregatae. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Nuttallia digitata; foliis inferioribus digitatis subpeltatis, 
laciniis linearibus subdivisis glabriusculis ; superiori- 
bus tripartitis simplicibusque. Nuttall in Barton 
Flor. Americ. 2. p. 74. t. 62. 

Callirhoe digitata. Nuttall Mss. 



Descr. Root tuberous, subspindle-shaped, perennial. 
Stem erect, rounded, glaucous, three or four feet high, 
corymbosely divided at the top. Peduncles very long, 
frequently growing two together, one-flowered, jointed a 
little below the base of the calyx. Calyx five-cleft, seg- 
ments lanceolate three-nerved. Corolla five-petaled : petals 
united at the base, patent, wedge-shaped, truncate and 
crenate at the point, of a deep crimson colour. Stamens very 
many in a compact oval column : anthers globular, white. 
Styles about twelve, filiform, long after the expansion of 
the flower entirely concealed by the stamens. Germens 
about twelve, collected in a whorl round a columnar recep- 
tacle. Ripe seeds not seen. 

This plant, which appears to be a new genus of the 
natural order of Malvacea, having the calyx of a Sida and 
the fruit of a Malva, was discovered by Professor Nuttall, 
in the Arkansa territory, and has been published from his 

manuscript, 



manuscript , in Barton's Flora, where the name of Nut- 
tallia was given to it in honour of its discoverer, one of the 
most learned botanists in America, to whose researches we 
are indebted for the knowledge of many of the rare vegeta- 
ble productions of North America. 

There is said to be another species of this genus in the 
Botanic Garden at Philadelphia. 

This fine hardy perennial was communicated by Robert 
Barclay, Esq. of Bury-Hill, in whose collection it was 
raised from seeds received frojn Mr. Nuttall. 



Fig. 1. represents the pistiilum with the surrounding parts removed. 
Fig. 2. the staminiferous column ; both somewhat magnified. 
The thread-like processes, in fig. 2. of which too many are represented, 
may perhaps be only elongated filaments, not stigmas. 



JT26B. 




..^Wwk.JT.. 



VTidaAUi. 



( 2613 ) 

Nauclea Adina. Myrtle-leaved 
Nauclea. 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. infundibulifomiis. Caps, infera, bilocularis, poly- 
sperma. Recept commune, giobosum, pilosum. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Nauclea Adina ; caule fruticoso erecto, foliis oblongo- 

ellipticis, obtuse acuminatis, stipulis acutis bifidis, 

pedunculis solitariis axillaribus. 
Nauclea Adina. Smith in Rees Cyclop, in loco. Rot. Reg. 

895. 
Adina globiflora. Parad. Lond. 115. Sweet Hort. Suburb. 

p. 23. ubi male globulariis associatur. 



Descr. An upright shrub, with villous branches. Leaves 
opposite, on short petioles, smooth, shining, ovate-lanceo- 
late, acuminate with an obtuse point, quite entire, with 
oblique, nearly parallel veins strongly marked, on the 
under side. Stipules between the leaves, generally deeply 
divided into two acute segments. Peduncles solitary, at 
first terminal, but by the shooting out of a young branch 
from the same part becoming afterwards axillary. Capitu- 
lum perfectly globular, consisting of very numerous flowers 
collected together. Calyx superior, 5 -cleft : segments 
linear, thickened at the point, green. Corolla funnel-shaped, 
tube longer than the calyx ; limb 5 -cleft. Stamens five, 
contained within the tube. Germen oval, very small, infe- 
rior : Style twice the length of the corolla : stigma nearly 
globular, transparent at the extremity. 

Nauclea 



Nauclea Adina belongs to the natural order of Rubiacece, 
and is very nearly allied to Cephalanthus. 

Native of China, and is said to have sprung up sponta- 
neously, in mould imported from China, in the garden of 
thelate Right HonourableCHARLEs Greville, at Paddington. 
Our drawing was taken at the Apothecaries Botanic Gar- 
den at Chelsea, where we are assured by Mr. Anderson 
that it was raised from seeds imported from Mexico. 



N.26l4r. 




( 2614 ) 

GOMPHRENA PERENNIS. PERENNIAL GoM- 

phrena, or Globe Amaranth. 



************************* 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium 5-partitum. Stam. 5, connata in tubulum 
subcylindraceum, ovario longiorem, apicibus distinctis, cum 
vel absque dentibus interjectis. Anthera uniloculares. 
Stylus 1. Stigmata 2. Utriculus monospermus, evalvis. 
Brown. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Gomphrena perennis ; caulibus ascendentibus nodosis foliis 

ovato-oblongis, deorsum angustatis, capitulis di-tri- 

phyllis terminalibus verticillatisque. 
Gomphrena perennis; foliis lanceolatis, capitulis diphyllis, 

flosculis perianthio proprio distinctis. Lin. Sp. PI. 

326. mild. Sp. PL I. p. 1321. Persoon Syn. 1. 

p. 257. Roem. et Sch. Syst. Veg. 5. p. 537. 
Amaranthoides perenne, floribus stramineis radiatis. Dill. 

Elth. t. 20. 



Descr. Stems weak, rounded, hairy, with adpressed 
hairs pointing upwards, swelled and coloured red at the 
joints. Leaves opposite, oblong-oval, gradually narrowed 
downward. Capitvla of flowers terminal, and sometimes 
verticillate, with an involucrum, which, in our plant, con- 
sisted of three, sessile, oval, mucronate, and ciliate leaflets. 
Calyx flesh-coloured, three cleft, witli three unequal bractes 
closely embracing the base. Staminiferous tube orange- 
coloured, very little longer than the calyx, five cleft : laci- 

niie 



niae revolute and divided at the point. Anthers oblong, 
one-celled, attached to the lac in ire opposite the divisions of 
their points. Germen globular : style very short. Stigmas 
two, long, erect. 

Although our description does not entirely correspond 
with that of Dillenius, yet comparing our plant with his 
figure, we can hardly doubt of its belonging to the same 
species. 

Communicated by our lamented friend, the late John 
Walker, Esq. in July, 1823. Having been raised from 
seeds collected in Brazil, and sent to us by Mr. Frederick 
Sello, who has resided several years in that country, where 
he has been most industrious in collecting subjects of 
Natural History. 



The outline figures represent, 

1. One of the florets magnified, shewing the hractes, calyx, and staminiferous 
tuhe. 2. The staminiferous tube laid open to shew the Pistillum and Anthers. 



( 2615 ) 

Calanthe veratrifolia. Hellebore- 
leaved Calanthe. 

************************** 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

Sect. IV. Anthera terminalis mobilis decidua. Masses 
pollinis demurn cereaceae. Brown in Hort. Kew. ed. aft. 
5. p. 205. 

Generic Character. 

Labellum porrecto-explanatum, 4-lobum, unguiculatum, 
calcaratum. Petala 5. distincta. Columna labello con- 
nata. Massa pollinis 8, vel duae 4-lobae, 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Calanthe veratrifolia; foliis [ovato-] lanceolatis subpli- 
cato-nervosis, scapo radicali foliis breviore aphyllo, 
spica numerosa conferta oblonga cylindrica, bracteis 
. parvis lanceolatis. Bot. Reg. 720. 

Limodorum veratrifolium. Willd. Sp. PL 4. p. 122: 
Persoon Syn. 2. p. 520. Poiret Encycl. Bot. Suppl.3. 
p. 456. 

Flos triplicates. Rumph. Amb. 6. p. 115. t. 52. f. 2. 



Calanthe is a genus separated from Limodorum by 
Mr. Robert Brown, in the Botanical Register, under No. 
573. 

For the beautiful drawing, executed by Dr. Greville, 
as well as for the following description, of our present plant, 
which flowered in the Botanic Garden in Edinburgh, last 
May, we are indebted to Dr. Robert Graham, the Botani- 
cal Professor in that University. 

Descr. Root of many strong, cylindrical, undivided fibres. 

Leaves 



Leaves rising from the crown of the root, ovate-lanceolate, 
plicate, undulate, all the stronger ribs channelled above, pro- 
minent behind, tapering to a petiole, which is again dilated 
at the base. Scapes several, erect, cylindrical, undivided. 
Bracteas alternate, acuminate, green, towards the bottom 
of the scape sheathing, higher up half- stem clasping, 
spreading, and half the length of the germen. Spike up- 
right, crowded. Flowers each springing from the axil of a 
bractea, and snow-white, spreading nearly at right angles to 
the scape. Perianth three, outer segments lanceolate, each 
tipped with a green mucro ; two inner obovate-spathulate, 
with a white mucro. Lip longer than the corolla, 4-cleft, 
warted under the pollen mass, warts pointed, yellow, seg T 
inents spreading, the two lowest the longest, blunt, and 
diverging. Spur half as long as the germen, straight, 
cylindrical. Germen two inches long, very slightly fur- 
rowed, once twisted, so as to bring the spur below; in the 
bud it is above and crescent shaped. Pollen masses dry, 
in each cavity of the anther four spathulated lobes, two 
being longer than the others. The whole flower, but 
especially the germen and spur, are very slightly pubescent. 
The germen and every part of the flower is snow-white, 
except the tips of the outer segments of the perianth, which 
are bright green, the warts on the lip, which are yellow, 
and the point of insertion of the pollen masses, which is 
orange. The last is not seen till the anther case is re- 
moved . 

Native of the East Indies. Requires to be kept in the 
stove, of which it is a great ornament, and continues a long 
time in blossom. 







Ai if /£*>.' Xj-^A-J^JSif- 



( 2616 ) 
Plantago Brasiliensis. Brazil Plantain. 

******************** 

Class and Order. 
Tetrandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 4-fidus. Cor. 4-fida, limbo reflexo. Stam. longis- 
sima. Caps. 2-locuIaris, circumscissa. 

Specific Character. 

Plant -ago brasiliensis; subcaulescens, foliis lineari-lanceola- 
tis trinerviis integerrimis, scapis foliis bis longioribus, 
spicis cylindricis, stylo hirsuto. 



When we first received this plant from Arno's Grove, 
which was in October, 1823, we were inclined to consider 
it as the female of a dioecious species, from the extraor- 
dinary length of the styles, and short, apparently imperfect 
stamens, so contrary to the usual character of the genus; 
but in the following- July, we received what Mrs. Walker 
believed to be the same individual, at which time the sta- 
mens were very long, and the styles altogether as short ; 
yet in both perfect seed appeared to be produced. We 
observe, however, that a similar elongation of the styles 
sometimes takes place in other species of Plantago. 

The leaves of this species are smooth, green, three- 
nerved, with margins somewhat thickened, but quite en- 
tire, much narrowed towards the base, and dilated again at 
the stem, which they embrace. The scapes are axillary, so- 
litary, rounded, clothed with white adpressed hairs. Spike 
of flowers cylindrical, compact, about three inches long. 

Raised from seeds sent to us from Brazil, by that inde- 
fatigable naturalist Mr. Frederick Sello. 










ft.i.iy x-rfivifth, , rt,t M jmf 



( 2617 ) 

VlRCILTA INTRUSA. SmALL-FLOWEREU 
VlRGILIA. 

************** ***** 

Class and Order. 

DeCANDRIA MoNOGYNlA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-fidus. Cor. papilionacea, petalis longitudine sub- 
sequalibus : vexillum lateribus non reflexis. Stigma im- 
bcrbe. Legumen eompressum, oblongum, polyspcnnuni. 
Brown in Hort. Kew. 3. p. 4. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Virgilia intrusa ; staminibus persistentibus, germinibus 
glabris, calycis basi intrusa, foliolis ovalibus obtusis 
mucroriulatis. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 3. p. 4. 

Sophora sylvatica. Burchell African Travels 2. p. 146. 



Descr. Stem shrubby. Leaves alternate, odd-pinnate : 
leaflets five or six pair with an odd one, obovate, retuse, 
smooth, on short petioles, in our plant, seldom €juite op- 
posite. Flowers papilionaceous, yellow, in axillary, nod- 
ding racemes. Calyx cupshaped with five-cleft, subbilabi- 
ate border and intruded base. Vexillum obcordate, reflexed, 
plain : ala? spreading horizontally, as long as the vexillum. 
Carina bill-hook-shaped, joined at the point only. Stamens 
10, with distinct filaments, persistent. Germen linear, com- 
pressed, thickened at both margins : ovules many : style fili- 
form. Stigma subcapitate. 

Mr. Burchell, the celebrated African traveller, above 
quoted, describes this plant as a very fine tree, rivalling our 
common Laburnum in beauty. We learn from him that it 
sometimes reaches the height of thirty feet, though small 

shrubs 



shrubs of it will produce flowers, and even in the deepest 
shade of the forest. 

Native of the forests on the Bochberg, in South-Africa. 
Requires the protection of the greenhouse. Communicated 
in October last, by Messrs. Whitley, Brame, and Milne, 
who received it from Mr. Burchell himself. 

Mr. Whitley informs us that the plant from which the 
drawing was taken was in a weakly condition, otherwise the 
bunches of flowers would have been considerably larger. 

On the first sight of the drawing, Mr. Brown pronounced 
our plant to be the Virgilia intrusa of the Hortus Kew- 
ensis; and on comparing it with the specimens in his 
Herbarium, we have no doubt that it belongs to that species. 



The outline figures represent a front and back view of the Calyx, also the 
Germen soon after deflorescence, with the calyx and the persistent stamens 
removed. 






Ifzeid. 




t^tryJ.tinK-.Wtbrar&JlmUUJ. 



( 2618 ) 

solanum platani folium. plane-tree 
leaved Nightshade. 

******************* 

Class and Order. 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. monophyllus, persistens, 5 — 10-fidus. Cor. I -petala, 
rotata, 4, 5, 6- divisa. Anthers 4 — 6, oblonga?, apice poris 
duobus dehiscentes. Bacca 2 — 6-locularis. 



Specific Character. 

Solanum platanifolium ; caule hirsuto sparsim aculeato : 
aculeis rectis, foliis quinquelobis : lobis inciso-dentatis 
acutis, pedunculis lateralibus aggregatis subunifloris 
nutantibus, baccis variegatis. 



Descr. Stem subfruticose, three or four feet high, hairy, 
with spreading soft hairs, here and there armed with straight, 
sharp, greenish prickles. Leaves alternate, rather distant, 
five-lobed : lobes acute, irregularly incised, covered on both 
sides with a green tomentum, armed on the upper with a 
few straight prickles along the nerves, hairy at the margins: 
petioles hairy and thinly prickly. Peduncles aggregate, in- 
serted below the petiole, nodding, mostly one-flowered. 
Calyx small, five-cleft, not prickly with the flower, but 
somewhat so with the fruit. Corolla deeply five-cleft : la- 
cinice lanceolate, three-nerved, revolute, three or four times 
longer than the calyx, pale violet-coloured ; margins hairy. 
Anthers five, connivent. Germen oval : style short : stigma 
truncate. Berry large, nearly globular, beautifully va- 
riegated with green and white ; when more ripe it changes 
in parts to yellow. 

This plant has considerable affinity with Solanum cam- 

pechiense, 



pechiense, and acukatissimum of Jacquin; but differs from 
both, especially in being so much less prickly. 

Native of the northern part of South America. He- 
quires to be kept in a warm part of the stove in the winter, 
where, though it loses its leaves, they are immediately suc- 
ceeded by young ones. 

Communicated in flower, by Mrs. Walker, of Arno's 
Grove, July 1824 ; and in fruit, in October, in the present 
year. 




WetLl* 



( 2619 ) 

Passiflora fcetida. Stinking Passion- 
flower. 

Class and Order. 

MONADELPHIA PENTANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-partitus, coloratus. Cor. 5-petala, calyci inserta. 
Nectarium corona filamentosa. Pepo pedicellata. 

Specific Character and Synonyms, * 

Passiflora fcetida ; foliis trilobis (integrisque) cordatis pi- 
losis, involucris multifido-capillaribus. Spc. Pie. 1359. 
ed. Willd. S. p. 619. Persoon %«. 2. p. 2122. n. 43. 
Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 4. p. 153. Bot. Reg. 321. Miss 
Laurence's Passion-flower. Gisek. Ic. Fasc. 1. t. 20. 
ex Willd. Cav. Diss. t. 289. 

Passiflora vesicaria, florum involucris triphyllis multifido- 
capillaribus. Brown Jam. 327. 

Granadilla foetida. Gcertn. Sem. I. p. 289. t. 60. /. 5. 

Flos Passionis albus reticulatus. Herm. Parad. 173. 



Descr. Stem herbaceous, climbing, rounded, very hairy, 
with straight, spreading hairs. Leaves alternate, petiolated, 
cordate, 3-lobed, sometimes quite entire, soft-pubescent on 
both sides ; scent, when rubbed, appeared to us to resemble 
that of Ballota nigra, with something aromatic conjoined : 
petioles nearly the length of the lamina, hairy, without ob- 
servable glands. Stipules many-cleft. Peduncles two, 
below the petiole, opposite, one fertile bearing a single 
flower, the other generally degenerating into a tendril. 
Involucrum three-leaved, multipartite, moss-like. Calyx 
streaked with pale green. Corolla white, with a very slight 
purple tinge. Nectarium filiform, shorter than the petals. 

Germ en 



Germen stipitate, oval. tyle$ three, permanent. Stigmas 
capitate. Fruit, instead of being pulpy as in most of the 
species of Passiflora, is dry inflated, with three parietal re- 
ceptacles, to which the seeds are attached, marked on the 
outside with three corresponding lines. 

Native of the West Indies. Requires to be kept in the 
stove, where it will reach the height of several feet and bear 
a profusion of flowers in succession, but each only of a few 
hours' duration. Flowers in July, August, and September. 
Our drawing was made in the last named month of the pre- 
sent year, from a fine plant both in flower and fruit, com- 
municated by Robert Barclay, Esq. from his magnificent 
collection at Bury-Hill. 



( 2620. ) 

Fuchsia arborescens. Laurel^leaved 
Fuchsia. 

Class and Order. 

OdANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 4-partitus, coloratus, corollifer. Cor. 4-petala. 
Bacca infera 4-locularis, polysperma. 

Specific Character. 

Fuchsia arborescens ; caule arboreo ? foliis ternis petiola- 
tis ovato-oblongis utrinque angustatis integerrimis, 
laciniis calycinis petalisque patentibus subaequalibus, 
paniculis terminalibus trichotomis. 



For an opportunity of presenting our subscribers with a 
figure of this very fine shrub, we are indebted to our 
friend Robert Barclay, Esq. of Bury-Hill; who kindly 
sent us the whole plant, in full flower, in October last, 
which the head gardener, Mr. David Cameron, informed 
us had been treated as a greenhouse plant ; but being 
placed out of doors in the summer, had been suffered to 
root out of the pot into the ground where it stood. Whilst 
perhaps it flowered the better on this account, it was pro- 
bably owing to the necessity of cutting off the protruded 
roots, that the flowers all dropt off before the drawing could 
be quite finished ; depriving us of the opportunity of mak- 
ing a detailed description of the parts of fructification. 

The panicles of flowers were terminal, trichotomously 
divided, and somewhat leafy. The calyx, corolla, and 
longer stamens were nearly equal in length, the latter al- 
ternately shorter, all spreading; style the same length : 

stigma 



stigma capitate, four-lobed. The lower leaves were seven 
inches long, two and three quarters wide, smooth, netted- 
veined underneath, and turned red in the autumn. 

Of the nine species of Fuchsia described and figured in 
the Flora Peruviana F. ovalis is the only one that has any 
resemblance to our plant, and in that, the peduncles are 
axillary, and the whole plant pubescent. 

Mr. Barclay had his plant from the Sloane Street 
Nursery, where it was raised from seeds brought from 
Mexico, by Mr. Bullock, ticketed Fuchsia arborescens. 
Several persons have received seeds of the same, under this 
name from that country ; which makes it probable, that it 
has already, or will be so called in the Mexican publica- 
tions ; we have, therefore, adopted it, though with us we 
believe it has not yet reached a height exceeding three or 
four feet, and is only a shrub. Mr. Tate informs us, that 
he has since raised many plants of it, from seeds sent him 
by R. P. Staples, Esq. to whose kind favours he is indebted 
tor above two hundred new, or rare species from Mexico. 

Cultivated, at present, as a greenhouse shrub ; but per- 
haps may hereafter be found hardy enough to bear our 
winters without protection. 



1.2621. 




( 2621 ) 

Hymenocallis Litoralis £. Sea-shore 

Hymenocallis. Narrow-leaved 

Variety. 

% ♦ » » ifc » »» »»♦ f » » » % f ftf +w 

Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Scapus solidus, in serninando rigide deflexus. Germcn 
trigonum. Tubus angulose cylindricus, rectus. Lacinue 
sex, flaccidae. Filamenta distautia, flaccida, membrana 
versus basin connexa. Anthera longae, a tertia parte pen- 
dulae, polline scabro. Stigma rotundatum, puberulum. Cap- 
sula trivalvis, trilocularis, saepe immature disrupta. Semina 
oblonga, carnosa, viridia. Plantar occidentales. W. H. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Hymenocallis litoralis, bulbo oblongo-ovato, foiiis lanceo- 
lato-loratis acuds, umbella 6 — 21 -flora, floribus suc- 
cessivis, tubo viridi, laciniis angustis albis, corona* 
dimidio adhaerentibus, loculis 4 — 6-spermis. 

(*) longituba. Hymenocallis litoralis. Nobis in App. p. 
44. Pancratium litorale. Salisb. in Linn. Trans. 2. 
74. cum Jig. Jacq. Amer. 99. t. 179. / 94. Hort. 
Vindb. v. 3. p. 41. t. 75. Hort. Kew. 1. 412. WMd. 
Sp. PL 2. p. 42. Ker. J. Sc. and A. Pancratium 
distichum. Supra 1879, quoad Jiguram et dom. Lee 
plantam, non quoad dom. Herbert plantam. 

(£.) Dryandri, tubo 4:-unciali parum laciniis longiore. Pan- 
cratium litorale /5. supra 825. Pancratium Dryandri. 
Ker. J. Sc. and A. 

(y.) disticha, tubo et laciniis aqualibus ty-uncialibus, foliis 
latioribus, nervosioribus. Hymenocallis disticha. No- 
bis in App. p. 44. Pancratium distichum. Supra 1879, 
quoad dom. Herbert plantam, non quoad Jiguram. 

(<?.) acutifolia, tubo S\-unciali laciniis unciam breviore Joliis 
angustioribus. P. Mexicanum Bot. Reg. 940. W. H. 

The 



The Spofforth collection is indebted for this variety, 
which flowered in the greenhouse in July, to Sir A. John- 
stone, having been brought by Lord Napier from Mexico. 
The Hortic. Soc. and Mr. Colvill have each a similar 
bulb from the same source. The genus Hymenocallis was 
erroneously separated from Pancratium by Mr. Salisbury, 
as distinguished by two-seeded cells ; whereas expansa has 
four ovules, litoralis from four to six, pedalissix, guianensis 
eight, rather less erect, in each cell. We have retained 
the name, distinguishing the genus, which is confined to 
the W. hemisphere, by other features, viz. filaments flac- 
cid, divaricate, instead of rigid, conniving ; anthers long, 
pendulous from a point one-third of their length, instead of 
short, suberect; stigma round and minutely fimbriated, 
emitting a viscous drop in sunshine ; seeds large, oblong, 
fleshy, green, for the most part prematurely bursting the 
capsule, instead of black and shelly. The name Pancra- 
tium being of the first antiquity in botany, must, assuredly, 
in rectifying the genus, remain with the natives of the old 
world, and P. maritimum is to be considered as the type of 
the genus. The pollen of Hymenocallis, viewed through 
a microscope, is rough, as if covered with dust. 

The species litoralis was heretofore distinguished by a 
tube longer than the limb, variety a. being much so, (3. very 
little ; disticha had them of equal lengths ; the subject of 
this article has the tube an inch shorter than the limb. 
We consider them all to be varieties of one species, distin- 
guished principally by the adhesion of the petals to the 
outside of the cup. The editor of the Bot. Reg. in the 
last number, overlooking this most important feature in our 
plant, has mistaken it for Dryander's P. Mexicanum, re- 
ferring to Mr. Ker's figure, in which, however, its petals 
are free to their base. P. Carolinianum, Bot. Reg. 927, is 
also erroneously figured from the Burghclere conservatory, 
with a dark green leaf. We know that the plant there 
represented had a glaucous leaf, and was the European P. 
maritimum. P. Carolinianum, Linn, is the many-flowered 
Mexicunum Dryand. the two-flowered variety of Hymeno- 
callis rotata. No true Pancratium has been found iu the 
W. hemisphere, but Carolinianum has been long cultivated 
there. The tube of v. a. does not acquire its full length in a 
low temperature, which accounts for the discrepancy in our 
iig. 1879, the plant having probably been brought out of 
the stove to be drawn. VV. //. 



<*. represents the ^ermen with one cell cut open, containing- six erect 
nles. 



ovules. 




tuh.iy HftrHi.TTalln i+h _U,,_ L616 



/ 



( 2622 ) 

colutea nepalensis. nepal bladder 

Senna. 

******************* 

Class and Order. 

DlADELPHIA DECANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-dentatus. Vexillum bicallosum, explanatum, ma- 
jus. Carina obtusa. Stigma laterals sub apice uucinato. 
Sti/li postice longitudinaliter barbati. Legumen iuflatum 
scariosum. Br. 

Specific Character. 

Colutea nepalensis ; foliolis undenis subrotundo-ellipticis 
retusis, vexilli gibbis papillaeformibus, leguminibus 
subcoriaceis pubescentibus. 



Descr. Stem fruticose ; branches rounded, covered with 
a whitish spotted bark. Leaves odd-pinnate, alternate : 
leaflets five pair, with a terminal one, round, elliptic with a 
truncate point, on very short footstalks, inserted into the 
upper margins of the common petiole. Peduncles axillary, 
the length of the leaf, bearing few-flowered, nodding ra- 
cemes. Flowers yellow. Calyx cup-shaped, five-toothed : 
teeth sharp, patent, the two upper ones smaller and more 
distant. Vexillum suborbicular, recurved, with the sides 
incurved, callosities nipple-shaped. Ala oblong, straight, 
clawed with an ear-shaped appendix. Carina united into 
one petal, subsemiorbicular. Stamens diadelphous £. Ger- 
men pedicelled, oblong, villous. Style longer than the 
stamens, recurved, hooked at the end, aud bearded alonf 
the back part. Legume oblong, channelled at the upper 
part, leathery, inflated, pubescent. Seeds kidney-shaped, 
smooth. 

This 



This pretty shrub was raised from Nepal seeds, by 
Messrs. Whitley, Brame, and Milne, of the Fulham Nur- 
sery. It has stood out of doors through two winters, and 
appears to be quite hardy. It flowered with them for the 
first time in August and September 1825, and ripened a few 
pods in November. 



J\ T 2623. 




Kitfi.iuHil.V»inrcll fat . i 



( 2623 ) 

ANTHERICUM SULPHUREIM. PALE-YELLOW 

Anther i cum. 

********************** 

Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. 5-petala, patens. Fllam. filiformia. Caps, ovata. 
Sem. anffulata. 



•»' 



Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Anthericum sulphur eum; foliis lanceolato-linearibus cana- 
liculars apice obtuso concavo, scapo racemoque siin- 
plicissimis, corollis patentissirnis. Waldst. et Kitaib. 
PL rar. Hung. I. p. 98. t. 95. Willd. Enum.p. 371. 

Anthericum sulfureum ; radice bulbosa ; tbliis lineari- 
lanceolatis canaliculatis subglaucescentibus, scapo 
simpliei stricto elato, petalis oblong-is obtusiusculis. 
Spreng. Syst. Veg. 2. p. 85. 



In our plant, as it grew in the Chelsea Botanical Garden, 
the scape acquired the length of two feet before it had done 
flowering. The peduncles when in fruit became erect, and 
closely applied to the scape. Germen three-celled, with 
many ovules in each. Capsule obtusely three-cornered, 
three-celled, with but few perfect seeds in each cell. 

Native of Hungary, near the hot-baths of Hercules. 
Introduced by Mr. Anderson, about the year 1822. 

Our drawing of the flower was taken in May, 1824, and 
that of the leaves added the following year. 



X 



262* 




mm 



( 2624 ) 

Euphorbia globosa. Roundish-jointed 

Spurge. 

Class and Order. 

DoDECANDRIA TrIGYNIA. 

Rectius Monobcia Monandria. 

Generic Char ad er. 

Cor. 4- 9. 5-petala, calyci insidens. Cal. 1-phyllus, ven- 
tricosus. Capsula tricocca. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Euphorbia globosa ; inermis, articulata : articulis diversi- 
form! bus tuberculatis, floribus terminalibus solitariis 
longius pedunculitis, petalis palmatis. 

Dactylanthes globosa; subarticulato-prolifera, articulis 
variantibus saepeque sphaeroideis. Haworth in Phil. 
Mag. v. 62. p. 382. 



For an opportunity of giving a figure of this singularly 
whimsical growing plant we are indebted to Mr. Hood, 
surgeon, who communicated it to our draughtsman in June 
last, from his very extensive collection of succulent plants, 
at South Lambeth. 

Since our engraving has been prepared for publication, 
we have found that its mode of growth is subject to con- 
siderable variation. The very plant from which our draw- 
ing was taken had, six months after, put forth branches both 
from the lowermost and one of the upper joints, variously 
shaped and taking different directions ; these did not at 
that time put on the peg-top-like form which all the joints 

of 



of our plant had in June, ot its, appearance at which time 
our figure is a faithful representation. 

We find., also, that in another plant, which came into blos- 
som later, the flower was much larger, quite equalling* in 
size our magnified out-line figure. The peduncle also was 
much longer and furnished towards the top with several 
small oval leaves. The segments of the petals were marked 
towards their base with several glandular cells, and appeared 
open at the point. 

It has considerable affinity with Euphorbia anacantha 
(Bot. Mag. v. 51. n. 2b20), which likewise belongs to Mr. 
Haworth's genus Dactylanthes. 

Native of the Cape of Good Hope. Requires to be pro- 
tected from frost, and the same treatment as other succulent 
plants from the Cape. According to Mr. Haworth, this 
species flowered in the royal garden at Kew, in October, 
1823. 



Jf.2625. 




C.dtrti/M. 



tu'khj.i.Cu.rtuX* 



f 2625 ) 

Physalis viscosa. Clammy-berried 
Winter-Cherry. 

^liili^li. .' V, A', K V, / Vi A*. i v I / . . K V, &. >l\ A', A', A'. As. A'. As. A'. A*. 
"F^FVP MS MS -T- MS MS MS -IS MS MS MS •IS MS MS MS MS MS MS 

C7ass and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. rotata. Stam. conniventia. Bacca intra calycem 
inflatum bilocularis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Physalis viscosa ; foliis geminis repandis obtusis subto- 

mentosis, caule herbaceo superne paniculato. Sp. PI. 

161. ed. Willden. 1. p. 1021. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 1. 

p 394. Pers. %i. 1. p. 220. rc. 7. /2oem. et. Sch. 

Syst. Veg. 4. p. 672. Jacg-. /fori. Vindob. 2. j». 64. 

*. 136. ? ? 
Alkekengi Bonariensis repens, bacca turbinata viscosa. 

Dill. Hort. Elth. p.\l. t. 10. 



This species acquired the name of viscosa, not from the 
leaves being clammy, which they are not, but from the 
juice of the berry. We have little or no doubt but our 
plant is the species figured and described by Dillenius, 
quoted above ; but Jacquin's plant differs in so many 
respects, that we hesitate to pronounce it a true synonym. 

Descr. Root creeping, sending up suckers from it all 
round the plant. Stem dichotomously branched : branches 
square, with sharp augles. Leaves petioled, ovate-acumi- 
nate, with an obtuse point, quite entire, but with undulated 
margins ; base somewhat unequal, smoothish on the upper, 
and soft pubescent on the under surface, generally growing 
two together, on the flowering branches. Peduncles so- 
litary, one-flowered, inserted between the petioles, cernuous 

at 



at the point, equal to the petiole. Calyx bell-shaped, ten- 
angled, with an intruded base, and five-cleft border, pubes- 
cent, segments straight, acute, inflated after the flower falls. 
Corolla pale yellow, rotate-campanulate, with a five, or ob- 
soletely ten-toothed, spreading border, twice the length of 
the calyx, five-nerved, reticulate-veined on the outside, 
and marked in the centre with five large brown -greenish 
spots, below which the faux is closed with five villous tufts. 
Stamens only half the length of the corolla : anthers four- 
angled. Germen conical : style a little longer than the 
stamens : stigma subcapitate, green. 

This species has considerable affinity with Physalis edulis 
(Supra No. 1068.) but differs in having a creeping root 
an herbaceous stem ; leaves not at all cordate, and the spots 
in the corolla being of a dull green, instead of a dark 
purple. 

Raised from seeds received from Chili or Peru, by 
Robert Barclay, Esq. Bury Hill, and communicated in 
September 1825. 




£ 



26Z0. 



ru Ut.OiTtuytahionk.U'i 



( 2626 ) 

ASPHODELUS TENUIOR. SlENDER-LEAVED 

Asphodel, or King's spear. 



Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. 6 -partita. Nectarium ex valvulis sex, gerraen 
tegentibus. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Asphodelus tenuior ; caale superne nudo, foliis subulato- 
triquetris striatis, racemo laxo, bract eis flore breviori- 
bus* Marsch. v. Bieb. Flor. Taur.-Cauc. 3. p. 268. 
Sprengel Syst. Veg. 2. p. 83. 

Asphodelus tenuior. Cat. Hort. Gorenki, ann. 1812. p. 9. 



This species has the greatest affinity with Asphodelus 
luteus (supra 773J, from which it differs, in being alto- 

f ether smaller, with finer leaves, smaller, fewer, and paler 
owers ; but is more especially distinguished by the stalk 
being naked at the upper part for a considerable distance 
below the raceme of flowers, and the bractes being as short 
as, or shorter than the peduncle. 

Mr. Anderson, the worthy curator of the Chelsea Botanic 
Garden, received this plant through Dr. Fischer, now of 
the Imperial Garden, at Petersburgh, who first recorded it in 
his catalogue of the late Count Uazoumoffsky's Garden, 
at Gorenki, near Moscow. 

A hardy perennial. Native of Northern Caucasus where 
it flowers in the spring. Our drawing was taken in July. 
1824. 



M2627. 




J turtaDi. 



hh.fylCu.-rtU. WaUn-thJvdSl!;. 



( 2627 ) 

Gardenia Florida, var ovalifolia. Oval- 
leaved Gardenia or Cape-Jasmine, 

Class and Order. 

PeNTANDRIA MoNOGYNIi. 

Generic Character. 

Bacca infera, bilocularis, polysperma. Anthera sessiles 
in fauce corollae. Stigma bilamel latum. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Gardenia florida ; inermis, foliis ellipticis, corollis hypo- 

crrfteriformibus, calycinis laciniis verticalibus lanceo- 

lato-subulatis. Hort. Kew. ed. I™- 1. p. 293. ed. alt. 

1. p. 368. Willd. Sp. PL 1. Roem. et Sck. Syst. Ves. 

5. p. 236. * 6 

Gardenia florida ; in ermis, corollis obtusis, calyce angu- 

lato, foliis ovatis acutis. Thanb. Garden, n. %—Flor. 

Japonp. 108. 
Gardenia florida ; inermis, foliis ovatis utrinque acutis, 

stipulis obtusis, laciniis calycinis verticalibus, tubo 

recto. Lin. Suppl. p. 163. 
Jasminum ramo unifloro pleno, petalis coriaceis. Ehret 

Pict. t. 15. * 

Jasminum foliis lanceolatis oppositis integerrimis calvcibus 

acutis. Miller ic. p. 120. t. 180. 
Jasminum capense ; foliis lanceolatis oppositis integerrimis, 

flonbus triandris. Miller Diet. ed. 8 V " in loco. 



GAROEmAflorida is commonly known in thefmrseries by 
the name of the Cape Jasmine, and was first published by 
Mr. Philip Miller, from a plant which flowered in Mr. 
Warner's garden, at Woodford. It was brought from the 

P i. e v? f Good Ho P e ' h y Captain Hutchinson ; but is 
probably, however, not a native of that country, but ac- 
cording 



cording to the Hortus Kewensis, of Cochinchina, China, 
Japan, and the South-Sea Islands. 

Our present variety has been supposed to be a distinct 
species, and has been called Gardenia latifolia; but it 
appears to us that it cannot be the latifolia of Roxburgh's 
Coromandel plants, but a mere variety of G.florida, with 
more oval leaves and somewhat smaller flowers. 

The name of Gardenia was first given to this genus which 
belongs to the natural order of Rubiaceee, by Mr. Ellis, in 
honour of Dr. Garden, formerly an eminent physician and 
naturalist at Charles-Town^ South Carolina. 

With us it is an inhabitant of the stove, and is held in 
great estimation, both for its beauty and the extraordinary 
iragrance of its flowers. 

Communicated by Messrs. Whitley, Brame, and Milne, 
in June, 1822. 





X2628. 




( 2628 ) 

Ipomcea splendens. Silky-leaved 
Ipomqea. 



Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. infundibuliformis fauce cylindracea. Stigma capi- 
tato-globosum (nunc bilobum). Caps. 2 — 3-locularis. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Ipomcea splendens; caule volubili foliis ovatis integerrimis, 
superne glabris subtus argenteo-sericeis : costis paral- 
lelis, pedunculis axillaribus umbelliferis. 

Letts o mi a splendens. Hortulanis. 



Ipomcea splendens is nearly related to I. speciosa (supra 
No. 2446), but the flowers are much smaller and paler 
than in speciosa ; the leaves too are not nearly so large, 
and are ovate, very little, or not at all cordate, the silkiness 
underneath more silvery, and not tomentose ; the peduncles 
are shorter, and the umbels not leafy. 

This climber has been long known in our stoves by the 
name of Lettsomia splendens, and has been set some value 
upon, for the beautiful silvery silkiness of the leaves, but 
we have never heard of its having flowered in this countrv 
before this autumn. 

For the opportunity of giving a drawing of this beau- 
tiful climber we are indebted to Mrs. Marry att of Wimble- 
don House, in whose splendid collection it flowered in the 
back of the stove early in November last. Had it come 
into flower earlier in the season, it is probable that the 
blossoms would have been deeper coloured, as appears to 
be the case in its native country, the East Indies, from 
specimens sent by Dr. Roxburgh, and preserved in the 
very extensive herbarium of our friend A. B. Lambert, 
Esq. 



JV'26Z9 




( 2629 ) 

Nepenthes Phyllamphora. Ventricose 
Pitcher Plant. 

"tom'ty. -V. *V. ifc J6 lit !V. &, rfri & ifc jfc ttL &, !ifi iiL A Jfc Jt". 
< T f >T s 'r 'T- 'T» *!* <!» <l* <!» <r ^ ^» ♦ fl» *t> ♦ «r» >V " ™ 

CVas.s and Order. 
Dkecia Monadelphia 

Generic Character. 

Masc. OZ. 4-partitus, patens, interne coloratus. Cor. 
nulla. Filam. columnare : Anthera 15 — 17, connatae. 

Fem. Cal. et Cor. maris. Stigma peltutum, sessile. 
Caps. 4-locularis, polysperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Nepenthes Phyllamphora ; foliis petiolatis, ascidiis ventri- 

cosis, racemo simplici terminali. fVilld. Sp. PL 4. p. 

874. Poiret. Encycl. Suppl. v. 4. p. 86. 
Nepenthes distillatoria. Lodd. Bot. Cab. 1017. An etiam 

Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 2. v. 5. p. 420? 
Cantharifera. Rumph. Amb. 5. p. 121. t. 59. / 2. 
Phyllamphora mirabilis ; foliis canthariferis in petiolos de- 

currentibus, spica simplici terminali. Lour. Fl. Cochin. 

2. p. 744. 



There are probably several . undescribed species of this 
very curious genus, but our plant seems to agree so well 
with the description of Loureiro, that we have very little 
doubt of its belonging to the same species ; nor does it differ 
much from that of Rumphius, which is quoted as a synonym 
by Willdenow. 

The great curiosity of this plant consists in the pitcher- 
formed appendices to the leaves, which are said to contain 
sweet, clear water, even in dry weather. According to some 
authors the water rises from the roots, and is secreted into 
the vessels before the lid of the pitcher has ever been 

opened, 



opened, and Rumphius observes ttyat, in this state, these 
curiously constructed vessels contain the most water, the 
quantity of which diminishes after the lid opena, though 
even then it fills again in the course of the night, and 
evaporates in the day ; but after the lid is quite shrivelled, 
the water entirely disappears. Loureiro, however, has a 
different opinion, and attributes the presence of the liquid 
to the reception and preservation of the night dews by the 
spontaneous opening and shutting of the lid ; what is the 
real fact does not seem to have been as yet positively ascer- 
tained. In our plant, cultivated in the stove, the young 
pitchers, before the 1M opened, were, Messrs. Loddiges ob- 
serve, about one-third filled with a sourish tasted water ; 
but after the lids opened, the water entirely evaporated. 

Native of Cochinchina, Ceylon, and the Molucca Islands, 
growing in moist, mountainous districts, and both Loureiro 
and Rumphius remark, that it is very difficult to cultivate ; 
the latter once -succeeded, but the plant did not thrive well, 
and produced much smaller pitchers. 

Our Drawing was taken at Messrs. Loddiges and Sons, 
at Hackney, in July, 1825, from the female plant ; the male 
has probably not been as yet imported into this country. 



$2620. 




fuihf-f.turtu: W*2w,^Fd. lltt 



( 2630 ) 
Melastoma villosa. Villous Melastoma. 

Class and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-fidus, campanulatus. Petala 5, calyci inserta. 
Bacca 5-locularis, calyce obvoluta. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Melastoma villosa ; foliis ovatis acutis integerrimis villosis 
quinquenerviis ; floribus terminalibus paucis invicem 
provenientibus. 

Melastoma villosa. Lod. Cab. 853. 



This is not the Melastoma villosa of Aublet, which has 
been referred to the genus Rhexia. Every part of the 
plant is covered with short soft hairs. The branches are 
square; the leaves generally five-nerved, but the upper 
pair, in our specimen, were only three-nerved ; the petals 
obovate, obtuse with a small soft mucro. Messrs. Loddiges 
remark, that it usually produces four blossoms at the termi- 
nation of the branches, which are produced in succession, 
so that there is seldom more than one at a time. It flowers 
freely in the spring and summer months. 

The Melastoma villosa is a handsome evergreen shrub ; 
supposed to be a native of tropical South-America, and 
requires the protection of the stove. May be propagated 
by cuttings, which strike readily, and should be potted in 
loam and peat, as we are informed in the Botanical Cabinet, 
where only we have found any mention of this species. 

Our drawing was taken in June, 1822, at the late garden 
of Wm. Kent, Esq. in Upper Clapton, an ardent cultivator 
of rare plants, who has since removed to the neighbourhood 
of Bath ; in which retirement we believe he continues to 
indulge his taste for Botany. 



A T 26 -31. 







A-i *> J. Airtir. ir*> , 



( 2631 ) 

Saxifraga cuscutiformis. Dodder-like 
Saxifrage. 

?V. &. ?V, ?V. A', . v fc . V V. >V. ■ v l / * jfr. fr. . y V. ■ v t > . . V I / . &. ^ .'■I-'. >fc 
<f> -t> ™ Vr- VK **> ™ ™ ™ 1* VT> ™ 4* " <T> 1» Vr ™ 

Cfoss and Order. 
Decandria Digynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. 5-fidus, persistens. Petala 5. Caps, birostris, 
1-locularis, polysperma. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Saxifraga cuscutiformis; foliis suborbiculatis subpedatis 
crenato-sinuatis reticulars, scapis subbifloris, stolon i- 
bus filiformibus. 

Saxifraga cuscutaeformis. Lodd. Cab. 186. 



A small herbaceous plant, with filiform creeping runners 
of a red colour. Leaves suborbiculate, subpedate, fleshy, 
hairy, beautifully netted with white veins, especially on 
the upper surface. Scape about two-flowered, hairy. Pe- 
duncles long, erect, one-flowered. Calyx five-parted, per- 
sistent ; segments oval, obtuse, deep green, equal. Petals 
five, lanceolate, white, nearly of equal length, four times 
longer than calyx, much narrowed at the base. Stamens 
ten, three or four times shorter than the petals. Germen 
bilobed : Styles divaricate : Stigmas subcapitate. 

We do not find any mention made of this elegant little 
plant any where except in the Botanical Cabinet. It is 
very nearly related to Saxifraga sarmentosa, and in any 
arrangement of the genus ought to follow that species, 
though the styles are very divaricate. The petals being all 
lanceolate, and nearly equal in size, at once determines it to 
be a distinct species, and not a variety of sarmentosa. 

Communicated by Messrs. Loddiges and Sons, in May, 
1825, who inform us, in their Cabinet, that it is a native of 
China, and may be cultivated in the greenhouse, in small 
pots with loam. Its name was derived from the likeness of 
the slender runners to the stems of Quscuta, or Dodder. 



Jfjiek 




•A . JV» *> / 4.rf»/-. W.lmt-tK rU 1S2 6 



( 2632 ) 

Campanula infundibuliformis. Funnel- 
shaped Bell-flower. 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogyma 

Generic Character. 

Cor. campanulata, fundo clauso valvis staminiferis. 
Stigma trifidum. Caps, infera, poris lateralibus dehiscens. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Campanula infundibuliformis ; racemo terminali secundo, 
calyce simplici : foliolis reflexis, pedunculis subso- 
li tar iis nutantibus, corolla infundibuliformi semiquin- 
quefida : laciniis revolutis. 

Campanula lamiifolia ; foliis ovato-cordatis crenatis acumi- 
natis petiolatis scabris, caule simplici racemoso, pedun- 
culis simplicibus secundis reflexis, calycis sinuous sub- 
reflexis ciliatis. Hornem. Hort. llafn. 203 ? 



Flowers violet-coloured, in a terminal raceme, partly 
looking one way, without leaves intermixed, except at the 
lower part. Peduncles generally solitary, one flowered, 
nodding. Calyx adhering to the germen, angular: seg- 
ments linear, reflexed, sinuses not reflexed. Corolla fun- 
nel-shaped, cleft halfway down, into five lanceolate, revolute 
laciniae. Style exserted : Stigma triad. Capsule large, 
with purplish ribs. Stem angular, erect, simple. Leaves 
lanceolate, unevenly serrate, sessile ; lower and radical ones 
cordate-ovate, Senate, roughish. 

This plant was raised at Chelsea, from seeds gathered 
in the Vienna garden, in 1817, under the name of Campanula 
lamiifolia; but it cannot be the lamiifolia of the Flora 

Caucasica, 



Caucasica, which appears to be our macrophylla (No. 912) 
the alliaricefolia of Hortus Kewensis. It may, however, be 
Hornemann's plant ; or it may perhaps be rapunculoides 
variety a of the Flora Caucasica. It differs, however, from 
all of these in not having the sinuses of the calyx reflexed, 
as well as in the form of the leaves. Communicated by 
Mr. Anderson, curator of the Apothecaries* garden at 
Chelsea, in July, 1823. 




X.fu,t,fDtL. 



Iub.lr,J.CurHs. Wa,bri>rth<Febl226. 



vr^JjMJ 



( 2633 ) 

Phytolacca icosandra. Tall 
Phytolacca. 

•J/ J/ \t» J/ viz vl/ ■>!/ *!/ sl> <A> ■>!/_ ■<!>. >!/. \t>. vl/ «!/ \t/ 
<T> ™ W ^» H» 'T» <T» W ™ ™ V W ™ V 1» •T» 1* 

Class and Order. 
Decandria Decagynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cat. o. Petala 5, calycina. Bacca supera, 10-locularis, 
10-sperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Phytolacca icosandra ; floribus icosandris decagynis pe- 
dunculis inferae triquetris, pedicellis flore brevioribus, 
foliis glabris oblongo-ovatis mucronulatis. 

Phytolacca icosandra ; floribus icosandris decagynis. Sp. 
PL 631. WiUd. Sp. PL 2. p. 823. Persoon Syn. I. 
p. 523. 

Phytolacca spicis florum longissimis, radice annua. Mill. 
Diet.— Icon. I. p. 138. t. 207. 

Phytolacca triqueter Mamch, ex Steudel. 



Descr. Stem herbaceous, upright, about four feet high, 
divided towards the top into a few short branches. Leaves 
alternate, quite entire, frequently minutely undulated at 
the margin, oblong-oval, smooth, terminated with a soft 
recurved mucro ; petiole much snorter than the lamina. 
The lower leaves sometimes nine inches long, and nearly 
six wide, besides the petiole two inches in length. Pedun- 
cle inserted below the leaf, at the naked part three-cor- 
nered, but amidst the flowers multangular : Raceme long, 
somewhat cernuous : Pedicels shorter than the flower, of 
which the lower ones bear sometimes three ; but two of 
them are mostly imperfect : Petals five, white, with green- 
ish 



ish tips. Bractes lanceolate, longer than the pedicel, per- 
sistent. Stamens twenty, sometimes more. Germen com- 
pressed-orbicular, ten-celled : Styles ten. Berries deep 
purple like those of Phytolacca decandra ; from which this 
species is especially distinguished by its taller stature, 
longer, cernuous racemes, greater number of stamens, and 
especially by the pedicejs being shorter than the corolla, 
and the triquetrous or three-sided peduncles. 

Phytolacca icosandra is said to be a native of the coast 
of Malabar, and with us an inhabitant of the stove. Our 
plant was raised by Mr. Tate of the Sloane Street Nursery, 
from seeds collected in Mexico, and flowered in the open 
ground, in July, 1824. Nevertheless, we can but consider 
it as belonging to that species; both from the description in 
the Species Plantarum, and on a comparison of it with 
Miller's figure above quoted. 






£ 



'.£634. 




( 2634 ) 

Sanseviera longiflora. Long-tubed 
Sanseviera. 

Class and Order, 
Uexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. infera, monopctala : tubo filiformi : limbo 6-par- 
tito, revoluto. Stam. limbo inserta. Bacca 1-sperma. 

Specific Character. 

Sanseviera longiflora ; spica thyrsiformi, tubo corollas 
bracteis multoties longiore, foliis lato-lanceolatis acu- 
minatis marginatis trinerviis. 



This imdescribed species of Sanseviera has a near affi- 
nity with guineemis, but is at once distinguished from that 
and every other species with which we are acquainted, 
by the extraordinary length of the tube of the corolla. 

We were favoured with the plant from which our draw- 
ing was taken by Lady Banes, in July, 1825, from her 
ladyship's seat at Spring Grove. 




•NHrritrtVU. 



fully S. Ovrtu. W» Iw riK-JCnxh. Ull. 



( 2635 ) 
Crinum strictum. Upright Crinum. 

Class and Order. 
IIexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 
Vide supra No. 2292 et No. 2463. 

Specific Character. 

Crinum strictum ; bulbo parvulo ovato ; foliis brevibus, 
obtusis, pallide viridibus, suberectis ; scapo viridi, sub- 
tereti, erecto, foliis duplo fere longiore ; umbella 4-flora, 
bracteata ; spatha 2-|-unciali, marcescente ; genuine 
sessili, oblongo, viridi ; tubo pallide virescente, 5-un- 
ciali, suberecto ; laciniis albis, 3^-uncialibus, ^-un- 
ciae latis ; stylo filamentis longiore, laciniis unciam 
breviore ; stylo et filamentis rubris, basi alba ; stig- 
mate minuto. 



This singular little Crinum was purchased at the Nursery 
of Mr. Tate, in Sloane Street, having been just imported, 
as Mr. Tate understood, from Ceylon ; but we suspect 
that he misunderstood the person from whom he received 
it ; and we consider it very doubtful whether it came from 
the East or West. It was erroneously labelled ef Neottiae 
species" by the person who sent it. It is remarkable for 
the erectness of all its parts. It has some affinity to C. 
dejixum on the one hand and to C. americanum on the 
other, but has less fragrance than cither. It flowered at 
Spotforth in October. W. H. 



N. B. The figure of the plant is diminished. 



Crinum submerstim (supra No. 2463) has flowered several times, with 
flowers larger (having an expansion of nine inches) and a much more brilliant 

and 



and distinct stripe, than it had when it flowered in the autumn after its impor- 
tation. Its pollen appears to be quite sterile. The mule C. scabro-erubescens, 
mentioned in that article, has also flowered since, and differed from C. submer- 
sum in nothing but a red tinge upon its scape and spathe, which belongs to 
the variety of enibescens, from which it was raised, and rather brighter stripe 
on the petals. The difference between them was less than between that 
variety of erubescens, and the one that was found in company with submersum. 
We consider the fact of C. submersum being a natural mule between C. eru- 
bescens and scabrum, generated in the wilds of Brazil, to be indubitable. 
We scarcely entertain a doubt of C. amabile and augustum having been pro- 
duced in the same manner between zeylanicum, and two different columnar 
species. W. H. 






KZ636 




WBrrberiPd-. 



hJ>i,S6*Ttu TTaUc rth Mtnk. lil t 



( 2636 ) 
Crinum humile. Humble Crinum. 

****»»**********.&» 

Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 
Vide supra 2292 et No. 2463. 

Specific Character. 

Crinum humile; bulbo sphaerico viridi, foliis subacutis vi- 
ridibus, lacunosis, margine laevi, depressis ; scapo 10- 
unciali, viridi, subrotundato ; spatha 2|-unciali, mar- 
cescente ; floribus novem ante expansionem nutantibus ; 
germine ovali, viridi,, pedunculis fere isometris ; tubo 
3-unciali, pallidissime viridescente ; laciniis 2-unciali- 
busj albis ; stylo purpureo, flaccido, limbo longiore ; 
filamentis purpureis, sursum et retrorsum curvatis, 
divaricantibus, antheris et polline aureis. W. H. 



This small species of Crinum flowers freely in the stove 
at Spofforth, and increases by offsets. It was brought from 
the East, by Captain Cragie, to Mr. Milne of the Fulham 
Nursery, by whom the original bulb was sold to Mr. 
Cattley, unto whose kindness we were indebted for an 
offset. It was mentioned in our appendix, p. 24, as being 
perhaps a variety of C. amaznum, from which it appears to 
be sufficiently distinct. C. amaznum has smooth glossy 
leaves, and sessile flowers, and is a plant of difficult culture. 
C. humile thrives readily with us, has pedunculated flowers, 
and leaves deeply pitted on the surface, and thicker. We 
could not ascertain where the bulb was taken on board. 
It is certainly unknown at Calcutta. W. H. 



N. B. The figure of the plant is diminished. 

Nota 



Nota ad Amaryllideanum Synopsis 2606.* 

Numero 5 ante verbum Oporanthus et 6 ante verbum Sternebergia nota in- 
terrogationis addita fuisse debuerat. Ex tertia sectione delendos esse nuper 
cognovimus, cum scapus sit in Oporantho solidus, ut in Sternebergia quoque 
putandus est. Ad calcem igitur primae sectionis ponendi sunt, nota inter- 
rogationis prcefixa Seniinibus nunquam conspectis uescimus an prima? sec- 
tioni conveniant, an per se collocari debeant. De caeteris, quibus nota in- 
terrogationis praefigitur, deest certitudo scapusne cavus sit an solidus. In 
Imbofia scapus solidus esse ex affinitate praesumitur. Imhofiam, Clinanthum, 
Pyroleirion, speciminibus siccis cognovimus ; Sternebergiam, Carpodeten, 
Leperizam, Liriopen, Urceolariam, Bravoam, ex aliorum tantum descriptioni- 
bus aut figuris. In genere Phycella nuperrime definita (Bot. Reg. 928) scapi 
descriptio omittitur et semina membranacea esse conjectantur. Pedunculo 
secto scapi semper conformis certa fieri potuisset natura ; neque genus ullum 
inter Amaryllideas scapo cavo et semine carnoso adhuc inventum est. Phy- 
cellam tertiae sectioni con venire vix dubitamus. W. H. 

§ I. i. Griffinia. lege, Germen declinature superne crassius. Tubus 
oylindricus, declinatus. Lucinite reflexae, inferiores, divaricatae, ima porrecta, 
caetene sursum curvatae. Filamenta decurrentia, cum laciniis pariter in tubum 
coalescentia, apice recurvata ; summum stylo aversum, caetera divaricate por- 
recta. Antberae versatiles. Stylus porrectus, apice recurvatus, immature 
devexus. Stigma simplex. Ovula parallelo-erecta, obovata, latere exteriore 
erosa. Semina obovata, nitida, apice chalaza fusel insignita. Pedunculi in 
seminando curvati, W. H. 

§ II. 2. Stenomesson. lege, Germen oblongo-trigonum. Tubus media 
parte constrictus curvatus, summit latior rectus. W. H. 



( 2637 ) 

Hedychium Carneum. Flesh-colored 
Garland Flower. 

Class and Order. 

MoNANDBIA MONOGVNIA. 

Generic Character. 
Vide supra No. 2378. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Hedychium carneum ; caule 3 — 4-pedcs alto, obscure sub- 
rubescente, serius viridi ; foliis bifariis, ultra-pedalibus, 
tenuissime acuminatis, 2-uneias latis ; spica sub-sex - 
unciali, bracteis diversifariis, ciliatis, viridibus, uni- 
floris, convolutis, externis tubo longioribus, internis 
plus duplo brevioribus ; laciniis exterioribus longiori- 
bUs acutioribus, obscure apicem versus aurantiacis, 
interioribus colore pallide lateritio apice obliquo sub- 
acute, labelli lamina bifida lobis aequalibus divergen- 
tibus exterius rotundatis apice obliquo subacute ; 
filamento saturatius colorato plus duplo label lum supe- 
rante, polline flavo, stylo antheram exuperante, stig- 
mate viridescente hispido ; calyce subtomentoso, pal- 
lidissime fulvo, tubo aliquantulum breviore ; genuine 
tomentoso pallidissime virescente. 

Hedychium carneum. Dr. Carey, MS. 



This species of Hedychium flowered in the greenhouse at 
Spoffbrth, where it was sent by Dr. Carey, from Calcutta. 
Its flowers are scentless. It is one of the species of which 
the stem, when decayed, separates itself readily from the 
tuber. All the species of Hedychium may be considered 
in this country as greenhouse plants, requiring, iii summer, 
a great deal of water and a little artificial heat, to promote 
their flowering. W. H. 



Tigridia Herberti, supra No. 2599. 

Lege Cypella Herberti. We regret having- been supposed (Bot. Reg. 
949) to have committed Mr. Lindley as to the genus of this plant. When 
we altered the trivial name according to his suggestion, we certainly under- 
stood him to agree that it was a Tigridia. Since our article was published, 
we had doubted its being so ■ and, indeed, whether that genus could be at all 
supported, and had intended to reconsider it next season. Not having had at 
the time a specimen of T.pavonia, we then referred to the representation of 
that plant in this work, where the anthers are placed opposite the stigmas, 
and between their lobes. We think, that our plant must form a new genus 
with some other American species ; and we marvel that Mr. L. should say, 
" there can be no doubt of its being a genuine species of Mor^a," seeing it 
cannot fall under any of the definitions of that genus in this work, or theB. 
Reg.; and Mr. Ker expressly stated, B. Reg. 4. 312. and v. A. App. that 
the Moraeas of Kunth alluded to would not be found to belong to that generic 
group. No Morsea or Iris (see Mr. Keu's enumeration) has stigmas, or 
anthers like in form, or posture, to those of our plant. The whole genus 
Moraea (with Iris, of which it is in truth but a section with bulbous roots; 
have petaloeid stigmas bent downwards, and leaning over the anthers (with 
the exception of M.fiewuosa, and perhaps a very few other Moraeas, if really 
such, with filiform convolute stigmas and uniform petals) the anthers of all 
being sloped. Mr. Lindley s statement, that Tigridia is distinguished from 
Moraea by its stamens united in a long column, and its bifid, slender, convo- 
lute stigmas is incorrect, witness the column of M. nnguiculata, and the 
stigmas oiflexuosa. We distinguish Cypella from Iris and Moraea by erect 
stigmas, neither petaloeid nor filiform, and broad, erect anthers, not sloped, 
bearing the pollen on their edges 5 distinctions which are confirmed by the 
place of habitation, and the plicate leaves foreign to those genera. We sus- 
pect, that those which conform with /ftrwosa should be detached from Mora*, 
or alone retain the name, remitting the rest to Iris. W. H. 



Nzm 




f*l k IC^yti-.TI^wr 



( 2638 ) 

Cassia aversiflora. Contrary-flowered 

Cassia. 

Class and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 
Vide supra No. 1829. 

Specific Character. 

Cassia aversiflora ; foliis septerajugis obovatis, glandula 
fulva oblonga inter foliola inferiora, pedunculis bifloris 
axillaribus glabris, stipulis hispidis, corolla magna 
flava, laciniis tribus superioribus asqualibus, duabus 
inferioribus majoribus, extima porrecta, intima incur- 
vata, legumine falcato, antheris tribus majoribus ros- 
tratis longe apiculatis, filamentis tribus longioribus 
*separatis, duabus fertilibus una sterili, duabus alteris 
fertilibus duabus sterilibus fundo persistenter connexis. 
W. H. 



This beautiful Cassia was raised at Spofforth a few years 
ago from Brazilian seed. It forms a tall slender shrub. 
It flowered abundantly in the greenhouse throughout the 
summer of 1825, and continued flowering in the stove 
where it was removed in the winter. One only plant having 
been raised, it has not been yet ascertained whether it will 
endure the winter in the greenhouse. Some of the Brazi- 
lian plants even from the sea coast are very hardy, whilst 
others, which grow naturally by their side, are capriciously 
tender. We have raised two Gesnerias from seed lodged 
amongst the moss adhering to parasites gathered near the 
sea side, in the neighbourhood of Rio, of which one (G. 
oulbosa) is a hardy greenhouse plant, the other (we believe 
G. prasinata) will not survive the winter there. The genus 

Cassia 



Cassia is very remarkable for the great similarity of the 
flowers of its countless species., and the singular diversity 
that is found in their organic structure. Of this species, 
the three longer filaments fall off detached when the flower 
withers ; two of the sterile filaments are grouped with two 
of the others, and one sterile filament with the remaining 
two ; the groups continuing firmly connected by their bases 
after they have fallen from the plant. We have named the 
species, which is, perhaps, the most beautiful of the genus, 
from the singular manner in which the pair of flowers appear 
to shrink from each other, by the incurvation of the petals 
that come in contact. W. H. 




A.i.i> r,<wwfanr«fiwm» 1 ,ifcrt.j 



( 2639 ) 

Habranthus Angustus. Narrow 
Habranthus. 

********************* 

Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

- . Generic Character. 
Vide supra No. 2597. 

Specific Character. 

Habranthus angustus, bulbo nigro ; foliis angustis obtusis ; 
scapo 2-floro viridi, infra rubescente, praecoce ; spatha 
carnea, 2i-unciali, uno latere fissa; pedunculis IJ- 
uncialibus, rubescentibus; germine purpurascente |- 
unciali ; laciniis saturate roseis uncialibus, vix £-un- 
ciae latis, exterioribus apiculatis, interioribus obtusis ; 
tubo brevi, viridi, membrana clauso ; stylo stigmate 
et filamentis saturate roseis fundo albescente; antlieris 
et polline luteis; stylo filamentis longiore, limbo bre- 
viore. IV. H. 



This species of Habranthus was imported from Buenos 
Ayres. It comes near to H. bifidus, from which it is dis- 
tinguished by the narrowness of the leaves and petals, the 
colour of the filaments, germ, peduncle, and corolla, by a 
two-flowered less robust and redder scape, and more espe- 
cially by a flesh-coloured one-leaved spathe, split on one 
side nearly to the bottom. It flowered at Spofforth, in 
September. H. versicolor produces every autumn, at 
Spofforth, a. solitary, gracilifolius a two-flowered scape, 
succeeded by a second scape, which is sometimes one- 
flowered. H. bifidus has flowered at Spofforth, as well as 
at Highclere, producing a four-flowered scape as in the 
native specimens. The flowers of H. bifidus though pro- 
duced successively, continue for a time in perfection to- 
gether, the later pair having shorter peduncles. The leaves 

of 



of H. bifidus and angustus are more erect and less flaccid 
than those of versicolor, gracilis, and another species which 
we call lorifolius. Those of bifidus, at Spofforth, are a 
foot and a half long, and five sixteenths of an inch wide. 
The whole genus as well as Chlidanthus appear to like 
peat. 

The long bulb of H. angustus was sphaerical when im- 
ported twelve months before. 

The dissections represent the lowest petal, and the style 
with the filaments and membrane ; the upper filament being 
less abbreviated than the lower laterals; the lowest less 
prolonged than the upper laterals. 

Zephyranthes Candida has endured the. severity of the 
winter in an exposed border (Fahrenheit below 15) with- 
out losing more than the ends of its leaves. W. H. 




£.264-0. 



T^kty I.Cu.Tti/TH*.hnAh~Mari}i,18"L6 



( 2640 ) 

Stenomesson Curvidentatum. Curve- 
toothed Stenomesson. 

Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 
Vide infra No. 2641 . 

Specific Character. 

Stenomesson curvidentatum ; foliis lanceolato - ovalibus, 
compressis, subacutis, viridibus ; scapo tereti, 6-unci- 
ali, glauco, versus basin crassiore ; spatha bifolia, 
semunciali, marcescente ; genuine brevi, breviter pe- 
dunculate, glauco, loculis circiter 10-spermis; tubo 
sesquiunciali, inferne pallide virescente curvato, su- 
perne aureo viridi-costato recto ; Iaciniis J-uncialibus, 
reflexis, obtusis, aureis ; stylo filamentis vix longiore, 
corolla f -uncias longiore ; filamentis stylo superincum- 
bentibus, alternis longioribus ; antheris brevibus luteis ; 
corona aurea. tubo semunciam longiore, dentibus inter- 
stamineis bifidis implexe incurvatis. W. H. 



This species flowered at Spofforth in October, 1825, 
having been imported from Peru by Mr. Tate, of the Sloane 
Street Nursery. It is a smaller species than flavum, and 
produces fewer flowers, but more conspicuous. It is distin- 
guished by its reflex petals, the much greater length of the 
filaments, and the curiously incurved bifid teeth of the cup. 
The editor of the Bot. Reg. expressed an opinion, that the 
P. latifolium and recurvatum of Ruiz arid Pa von (our Car- 
podetes recurvatus and Leperiz/i latifolia) would fall under 
this genus. The two plants are only known to us by the 
figures and descriptions in the Flora Peruviana ; but, if 
those be correct, they cannot unite with the species which 

form 



form the genus Stenomesson, which includes P. coccinmm", 
Fl, Peruv. and P. rubrum of Ruiz and Pavon in Mr. Lam- 
bert's Herbarium ; neither can they rank under the defini- 
tion of Chrysophiala in the Bot. Reg. The tube of P. 
recurvation is a slender curved cylinder or syphon ; that of 
P. latifolium is short, and not constricted, unless at the 
mouth, and its filaments are sinuously curved. Neither of 
the plants have the general aspect or character of the genus 
to which P. fiavum belongs. The capsules of recurvatum, 
and the seeds of latifolium are very unlike those of Steno- 
messon ; both produce their scape from the midst of several 
leaves, and not after their decay ; the form and character 
of the leaves and bulbs are not less dissimilar ; the bulb of 
latifolium being constructed with scales. We are per- 
suaded, that the most inexperienced eye would not refer 
them to the same group ; and that whenever we obtain a 
more perfect knowledge of them, the difference will be 
found to be even greater than now appears. W. H. 



ERRATUM. 

Hymenocalmb litoralis, No. 2621. In the fifth line from the end of the 
article, Carolinianum is printed by mistake for maritimum. We meant to 
say, that P. maritimum had been long- cultivated in North and South America. 
Commas are also wanting after the words many-flowered and two-flowered in 
the preceding sentence. W. H. 




t-jWalyrortKUarrh. {ft*, 



( 2641 ) 

Stenomesson Flavum. Slender-toothed 
Stenomesson. 

********************** 

Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogvnia. » 

Generic Character. 

Scapus solidus. Germen oblongo-trigonum. Tubus 
media parte constrictus curvatus, summa latior rectus. 
Corona staminifera. Filamenta recta. Antherce versatiles. 
Stylus rectus, ante maturitatem devexus. Stigma dilata- 
tum. Capsula ovata, trigona, trisulca^ trivalvis. 

Plantce foliis lanceolato-ovalibus margine compressis, 
scapo prcecoce f jilamentis alternis longioribus ; seminibus 
secundum Ruiz et P a von curvatim obovatisfuscis. Ameri- 
cam meridionalem incolunt. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Stenomesson Jlavum ; foliis lanceolato-ovalibus compressis, 
viridibus ; scapo tereti, pedali, glauco, versus basin 
crassiore ; spatha bifolia, unciali, marcescente ; pedun- 
culis rectis, semuncialibus, pallide virentibus ; ger- 
mine viridi; tubo l|-unciali inferne pallide virescente 
curvato, superne aureo viridi-costato, recto ; laciniis 
aureis, semuncialibus, eonniventibus, externis angusti- 
oribus acutioribus ; stylo pallide aureo recto, ante 
maturitatem devexo,filamentis plus semuncia longiore ; 
filamentis corolla ^-unciae longioribus, alternis (inter- 
nis scilicet) caeteris vix longioribus ; corona aurea 
tubo i-unciae longiore, dentibus filiformibus intersta- 
mineis irregularibus. 

Pancratium flavum. Ruiz et Pavon Fl, Peruv. 2. 54. tab. 
2.84. 

Stenomesson flavum. Nobis in Append, p. 40. 

Chrysophula flava. Bot. Reg. 778. W. H. 

The 



The genus Stenomesson was detached by us (Appendix, 
p. 40,) from Pancratium, being named from, and distin- 
guished by, the constriction of the tube a little below the 
middle. The species here represented was figured, in 1824, 
in the Botanical Register, of which the editor, without 
cause, substituted for our name, which had been published 
in 1821, that of Chrysophiala, founded upon the same con- 
striction of the tube. The name thus substituted for that 
which has the priority, is objectionable in itself, as it refers 
to the golden colour of this species, which does not prevail 
throughout the genus, of which two known species are 
red. When we first defined this genus from dried speci- 
mens and the figures of Ruiz and Pavon, we took the tube 
to be straight. We find from the living specimens, that 
it is more or less curved in the narrow part. Our figure 
is made from the same identical bulb, from which a drawing 
was made by Mr. Hart, at Mr. Tate's Nursery, for the Bot. 
Reg. the bulb having been given by Mr. Lambert to Mr. 
Tate, and afterwards purchased for the Spoflbrth collection, 
where it flowered again in November, 1825. The leaf re- 
presented in our sketch was produced after its first flower- 
ing. In 1825 it bore two leaves, fairer, and more oval, 
and flowered in the stove soon after their decay. The bulb 
is too large in the figtire in the Bot. Reg. ; and one of the 
flowers, which the depression of the style shews to be not 
full blown, is erroneously given with reflex petals, perhaps 
in consequence of the flower having been pulled open to 
examine it. The genus is distinguished by very marked 
features, besides that from which it receives its name ; the 
lance-oval leaves with a compressed margin, the scape pro- 
duced after their decay, the straightness of the filaments 
and of the style, which last is bent downwards before its 
maturity, and the ovate capsule. This species is erroneously 
figured by Ruiz and Pavon, with a four-leaved spathe : its 
spathe is two-leaved, and not furnished even with bractes. 
W.H. 



N. B. This article was intended to have preceded No. 2640. 



KZ6U 




Vfffn-hirlJ/tl- 



luJl.b).J.l*rtl, .WmJ*<>'*k-li*'*tkU2S 



VMM- *> 



( 2642 ) 

PlTCAIRNIA ALBIFLOS. WHITE PlTCAIRNIA. 

&, afc A*, ate &, ."Vi jfc i^- ■4 / '- ■ v l / - ■'fr- 1^- alt ifr- 1^- iS^t afc i 1 ^- ■ v I / - ais 

C/flss awe? Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character, 
Vide supra No. 2411. 

Specific Character. 

•4 
Pitcairnia albiflos ; foliis lineari-lanceolatis integerriniis 
glaberrimis longe acuminatis |.-unciae latis, caule sirn- 
plici, laciniis corollae revolutis albis, stylo filamentis 
corolla longiore, stigmate trifido albo. 



This elegant white Pitcairnia was found amongst the 
matted roots of some parasites and rock plants, imported 
from the neighbourhood of Rio Janeiro, having been sent 
unheeded by the collector. It encreases by suckers, and 
flowers freely. Our specimen flowered at Spofforth, in 
September, where other stems were also produced in 
November. It is cultivated in the stove, in peat, and re- 
quires but a small pot, as it grows naturally in moss and 
small patches of vegetable earth upon trees and rocks. 
Plants of this Pitcairnia may be seen at Mr. Tate's Nur- 
sery. W. H. 



ERRATUM. 

No. 2578. In the specific character of Bjiunsvigia Josephina, for duplo 
longioribus, read longiore. 



$264:5. 







( 2643 ) 

Caladium grandifolium. Large- 
leaved Caladium. 

Class and Order. 

MoNffiCIA PoLYANDRlA. 

Generic Character. 

Masc. Cat. o. Cor. o. Antherce peltatae, multiloculares, 
in spicam ad apices spadicis composite. 

Fem. Cat. o. Cor. o. Germina ad basin spadicis in- 
serta. Stylus o. Bacca 1 -locularis, polysperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Caladium grandifolium; caulescens radicans, foliis cordato- 

sagittatis, spadice spatham cucullato-ovatum requante. 

mild, Sp. PL 4. p. 490. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 5. p. 312. 
Arum grandifolium ; caulescens radicans, foliis cordato- 

hastatis, acutis petiolis teretibus. Jacq. Hort. Schoenb. 

2. p. 34. t. 189. 



The leaves of this plant are so large,, that we could only 
give a very much diminished figure of one of them., which 
measured above two feet in length and fifteen inches across, 
supported on a footstalk a foot and a half long, rounded, 
and inserted into the edge of the wide nearly semicircular 
sinus of the Leaf which is cordate-sagittate, or heart arrow 
shaped, with the hind lobes spreading and obtuse * the 
point very slender and weak ; margin undulated but entire, 
of a deep shining green on the upper surface, and pale 
with large raised purple veins on the under. Spathe (which 
is represented of the natural size) nearly sessile, ovate- 
acuminate, inflated and crimson at the base, contracted in 
the middle, and expanded at the upper part into a white, 
oval hood. Spadix nearly the length of the spathe, having 
the female organs at the base, the male above, and towards 

the 



the upper part, the anthers are so crowded together, that, 
at first sight, the spadix appears to be naked as in the 
genus Arum. 

A leaf of this plant set up in a jar of water remained in 
full vigour three or four weeks. 

Native of Caracas and Guiana. Communicated by Mr. 
Anderson, Curator of the Apothecaries' Botanic Garden at 
Chelsea, where our drawing was taken, in March, 1825. 




Nzeu. 




W£*i*rtM. 



Tub I] C&trtisJP'i l m u t ti^ Jbrril 1 ?2t. 



( 2644 ) 

COMMELINA DEFICIENS. TwO-PETALED 
COMMELINA. 

Class and Order. 
Triandria (rectius Hexandria) Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 
Vide supra No. 1431. 

Specific Character. 

Commelina dejiciens ; herba perennis, diffuse ramosa, sub- 
erecta, geniculis aliquando radicans; foliis ovato-lan- 
ceolatis basi ciliatis ; involucro cordato-acuminato ; 
calyce pellucido; laciniis eorollae duabus magnis cceru- 
leis, tertia abortiente ; stylo declinato assurgenter cur- 
vato; e staminibus, tribus superioribus minoribus 
antheris sterilibus, duobus inferioribus antheris ovali- 
bus polliniferis, sexta in medio posita, erectiore, an- 
thera magna, dissimili pollinifera. W. H. 



This plant is a native of the neighbourhood of Rio 
Janeiro. It was raised in the stove at Spofforth together 
with several other plants, by carefully preserving and 
watering the fragments of parasitic plants, which had been 
imported from Rio Janeiro, but had perished on the pas- 
sage, and the moss and vegetable earth adhering to them. 
The seed which produced this Commelina was like that of 
Alstrcemeria, Pelegrina flattened on one side. The plant, 
now a year old, being tied up, is above six feet high, pro- 
ducing a constant succession of brilliant blue flowers, at the 
end of its shoots, which, in a natural state, would trail, and 
take root at the joints. It does not appear ever to produce 
the third petal, which seems to be always deficient or abor- 
tive. In Mr. Brown's generic character of Commelina (see 
above 1431) it is stated, that sometimes two, sometimes 
four of the anthers are dissimilar and sterile. In our plant 

the 



the anthers are of three kinds ; three sterile, lobed ; one 
fertile, larger, lobed ; two fertile, oval ; and the filaments 
vary in the same relation. It is easily increased by cut- 
tings, and plants raised from it may be seen at Mr. Tate's 
Nursery, Sloane Street, Chelsea. 

Commelina has usually been placed under Triandria 
Monogynia ; but the incongruity of calling a plant trian- 
drous, which is stated in its generic character to have six 
stamens is apparent. W. H. 






The first outline figure represents the involucre, with a part cut off to shew 
the secondary pedicle of the effete flower curved back, as is usual with this 
genus. 

a One of the two lower lateral anthers magnified, fertile. 

b The central lower anther, much largest, fertile. 

c One of the three upper sterile anthers, of which the middle one is 
shortest. 



Mrs. Maria Graham, the ingenious and sensible authoress of two enter- 
taining and instructive volumes on South America, shewed us a drawing which 
she made, when residing in Brazil, of a species of Commelina very common 
about Rio, which appears to be evidently the same as the one here represented. 
From her observations it appears, that a third white petal is sometimes very 
distinct j and that, besides the upper flower with stamens, a female flower, 
bearing a pistillum only, was always situated lower down. 

" This plant," Mrs. Graham observes, " makes a great proportion of the 
natural herbage of the country, and, when grazed down, forms a pretty thick 
sward, seldom flowering ; but, whenever it gets the protection of a hedge or 
bush, it grows to four or five feet in length or more, and flowers abundantly 
all the year round. It is apt to throw out roots from the joints. The Indian 
name is Tapocraba" Editor. 



N.Z64:5, 




KMerL-erldl, 



AJihy f.^urtu.Wainn^iJjtnLuii. 



( 2645 ) 

IPOMCEA BIGNONIOIDES. TrUMPET-FLOWER- 
LIKE IPOMCEA. 

*******»»*»»***■&* 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character, 

Cal. 5-partitus, nudus. Cor. campanulata v. infundibu- 
liformis, 5-plicata. Ovarium 2 — 3-loculare, loculis dis- 
perrnis. Stylus indivisus. Stigma capitatum, % — 3-lobum. 
Caps. 2 — 3-locularis. Brown. 

Specific Character. 

IpdM(EA bignonioides ; radice tuberosa ; caule volubili her- 
bacea, foliis trilobis: lobis posticis basi rotundatis im- 
bricatis, pedunculis axillaribus nutantibus plurifloris 
petiolo brevioribus, foliolis calycinis ovatis subaequa- 
libus, corolla infundibuliformi limbo crispato. 



This species of Ipomoza appears to us not to have been 
described : we have., therefore, given it the specific name of 
bignonioides, as recommended by our friend the Hon. and 
Rev. William Herbert, from whom we received the draw- 
ing, and have been informed by him, " that it is a native of 
Cayenne, has a perennial tuberous root, and herbaceous 
slender stalks, decaying annually, which, in the early 
shoots are red, as are the young leaves. Its leaves, pro- 
perly three-lobed, are occasionally entire, or two-lobed. 
Its peduncles when in vigour bear several flowers/' Mr. 
Herbert informs us also, that " the same species was at 
Mr. Broores's Nursery at Ball's Pond, where it was erro- 
neously called Ipomcea discolor ', which is an annual plant." 

Being from a tropical climate, it requires to be kept in 
the stove. 



646. 




rth^rii l$l£ 



( 2646 ) 

CORONILLA IBERICA. IBERIAN CoRONILLA. 

Class and Order. 

DlADELPHIA DECANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 
Cal. 2-labiatus ; T ; dentibus superioribus connatis. Vex- 
illum vix alis longius. Lomentum teres, articulatum, rec- 
tum. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Coronilla iberica ; herbacea, floribus umbellatis, pedun- 
culis axillaribus folio longioribus, foliolis novenis ob- 
tusissimis subemarginatis, stipulis orbiculatis dentato- 
ciliatis caducis. 

Coronilla iberica ; herbacea, foliolis novenis obtusissimis 
sub-ernarginatis, stipulis orbiculatis denticulatis. Fl. 
Taur. Cauc. 2. p. 171. et 3. p. 479. 

Coronilla orientalis herbacea, flore magno luteo Tourne- 
fortii. Buxb. Cent. 2. p. 37. t. 40. /. 2. 



Descr. Stem herbaceous, branched, diffuse. Leaves 
odd-pinnate : leaflets mostly nine, sometimes eleven or 
thirteen, obovate, emarginate, pale on the under side ; 
lower ones frequently ciliate. Stipules suborbicular ; 
toothed, with the teeth terminated in a short bristle, deci- 
duous, larger in the young plant. Peduncle axillary, nearly 
twice the length of the leaf. Inflorescence a terminal, eight- 
flowered umbel without conspicuous bracte or involucre. 
Pedicels half the length of the calyx, nodding. Calyx bila- 
biate ; upper-lip truncate, compressed, subemarginate : 
lower-lip three-toothed ; teeth sharp, all bearded at the 
point. Vexillum suborbiculate, emarginate, recurved, yel- 
low, streaked with red. Ala large, rounded, covering the 
hatchet-shaped carina, yellow without streaks. Germen 

linear ; 



linear; ovula several : Styles recurved, very little hairy ; 
Stigma sub-capitate, pubescent. 

This plant has a near affinity with Coronilla glauca and 
valentina ; but differs, at first sight, in having an herbaceous 
stem, larger flowers streaked with red, and longer flower- 
stalks. 

The seeds of this species were sent from Constantinople 
by Lady Liston to Messrs. Whitley, Brame, and Milne, 
and flowered the first time in their Nursery, in August, 
1819. 

Our drawing was taken in June, 1822. 



EztAi 




UaKMa 



WeJdd 



( 2647 ) 
Cineraria discolor. Hoary Cineraria. 

&. .'j't _jfn &, &, &. &• jfr. ■'fr. ■'&■ ftm &. ■"&» &l .'j'- A .4t &, jit 

/f» V|» 4* *^s' */J»" '^s,' '4* Tp. Vt<r VJk V|f V^v "/X' 'T* VJC "4? *4? MS ■*» 

Class and Order. 
Syngenesia Polygamia Superflua. 

Generic Character. 

Recept. nudum. Pappus simplex. Cal. simplex, poly- 
phyllus, aequalis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

** Floribus radiatis. 

Cineraria discolor; fruticosa, foliis oblongo-lanceolatis 
acumiuatis subdenticulatis glabris subtusniveo-tomen- 
tosis, floribus corymbosis. Swartz Fl. Ind. occid. 3. 
p. 1358. Ejusdem Prodr. 114. Willd. Sp. PL 3. p. 
2079. 



Descr Stem shrubby, branched, white -torn en tose. 
Leaves alternate, petioled, oblong-lanceolate, acute : mar- 
gins undulate, subdenticulate, shining green on the upper 
surface and white-tomentose on the under, sometimes un- 
equal at the base, four or five inches long. Inflorescence, 
a compound terminal corymb : the partial corymbs very 
compact. Calyx simple, of several leaflets, adhering from 
the base halfway up. Radius five-flowered. Petals white, 
oval, three-nerved, emarginate. Disk yellowish, but the 
florets and stigmas are white, the anthers alone yellow. 
Pappus capillary. Receptacle small, apparently punctate. 

The stem of the original plant grew in the stove at Bury- 
Hill, five or six feet high, but did not flower ; cuttings from 
it confined in small pots came readily into blossom. Our 
drawing was taken last January, from a small plant com- 
municated by Robert Barclay, Esq. ; the description 
chiefly from a specimen brought us by his head gardener, 

Mr. 



Mr. David Cameron., in March. In the latter, the leaves 
were more erect, and their denticulation less apparent than 
in our figure. 

There is at first sight a great similarity between this 
shrub and the Aster argophyllus, (supra No. 1563); but the 
flowers of that, grow in lax axillary panicles, of this, in 
compact terminal corymbs, and the calyx is simple, not im- 
bricate, nor have the leaves any musky scent. 

Native of Jamaica, where, according to Swartz, it grows 
in the colder mountains. Cultivated at Bury -Hill, in the 
stove. 




12648 



( 2648 ) 

pleonia sessiliflora. sessile-flowered 

Peony. 

Class and Order. 

POLYANDRIA DlGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-phyllus. Petala 5. Styli o. Capsules poly- 
spermy. 

Specific Character. 

Poeonia sessiliflora ; foliis biternatis : foliolis ovato-oblon- 
gis obtusiusculis subtus villosis, floribus subsessilibus, 
carpellis conniventibus tomentosis. 



Descr. Stem herbaceous, branched, of low growth. 
Leaves biternate : leaflets oblong-ovate, rugose-veined, 
villous underneath ; lateral ones generally two-lobed, ter- 
minal one three-lobed, in the upper leaves often all entire : 
floral leaves, at the base of the calyx, two, one generally 
trifid, the other simple. Flowers white, on very short foot- 
stalks. Cali/cine leaflets five, very concave, unequal. 
Petals eight, concave, with undulated margins. Stamens 
shorter than the germens : anthers finally recurved. Ger~ 
mens three, connivent, very tomentose. Stigmas twisted. 

Amidst the number of varieties of Peony that have of 
late been cultivated, it is difficult to decide which are en- 
titled to be considered as real species. Mr. Sabine, from 
whom we expect soon to see a more accurate account of 
this plant, is of opinion, that it is a product of cultivation; 
but we have not been able to ascertain to what species it is 
most referable; it seems in so many points to differ from all 
with which we are acquainted. 

Imported from the Continent, some years since, by Messrs. 
Whitley, Brame, and Milne, of the Fulhani Nursery. 
Native country unknown. Flowers in May. 




I. 



2649. 



( 2649 ) 

Campanula speciosa. Shewy Bell- 
flower. 



Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-fidus. Cor. campanulata vel subrotata, limbo 5- 
fido. Filamenta basi dilatata. Stigma 3 — 5-fidum. Caps. 
infera, 3 — 5-locularis, poris lateralibus vel apice valvato 
dehiscens. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Campanula speciosa; caule angulato subsimplici hispido, 
foliis radicalibus ovato-cordatis petiolatis ; caulinis 
cordatis sessilibus, floribus glomeratis. Hornem. Hort. 
Hafn. %. p. 957. Roem. et. Sch. Syst. Veg. 5. p. 126. 

Campanula glomerata. Q Dahurica. Bot. Reg. 620. 

Campanula glomerata. Var. Spreng. Syst. Veg. I. p. 731. 

Campanula aggregata ; caule angulato glabro, foliis cau- 
linis sessilibus dentatis unduiatis lanceolatis ; florali- 
bus cordatis,, floribus axillaribus terminalibusque ses- 
silibus. Willd. Enum. Suppl. p. \0? 



The stem of the Campanula speciosa is between one and 
two feet high, square, with two of the sides deeply grooved, 
covered with hairs pointing downwards. The radical 
leaves have long footstalks : the cauline ones are sessile, 
and, as well as the bractes, rough on both sides, espe- 
cially along the margins ; rugose, veined and paler on the 
underside. The segments of the calyx linear and erect, 
about one-third the length of the tube of the corolla. The 
stigma generally trifid, and germen three-celled ; but, from 
luxuriance, now and then quadrifid, having at the same 
time six stamens and six laciniae to the corolla. 

According 



According to the great authority ot Dr. Fischer, of the 
Imperial Garden at St. Petersburgh, there is reason to 
believe, that this splendid Campanula is a variety of glome- 
rata ; and Professor Sprengel, in his new Systeina Veg., 
considers as varieties of the same, not only the speciosa of 
Hornemann, but also betoniccefolia of Gilibert ; elliptica of 
Kitaibel ; foliosa of Tenore ; aggregata of Willdenow ; 
nicceensis of Roemer and Schultes ; andfarinosa of Besser. 

That Campanula glomerata is subject to great variation 
we have abundant proof in our own indigenous speci- 
mens ; for with us it occurs as a plant exceeding a foot in 
height, and bearing many flowers, and reduced to the pigmy 
state of an inch with a single terminal flower (the Gentiana 
collina of the late Dr. Withering). Sir James E. Smith 
in speaking of C. glomerata observes, that in a cultivated 
state, the herbage becomes more luxuriant, and less hoary, 
the flowers paler, more numerous, but far less handsome. 
In our plant the intensity of the colour of the flowers is 
very much greater than in glomerata, and deep violet, not 
blue. 

Upon the whole we can but entertain great doubt of 
these plants being accidental variations from the same spe- 
cies, and are more inclined to consider them as a squad of 
nearly related species. 

A hardy perennial. Native of Siberia. Was first raised 
in this country, we believe, in Mr. Jenkins's garden, Glou- 
cester Place, in the year 1818, from seeds given him by Mr. 
Hunneman, who received them from Dr. Fischer. Flowers 
in June. Our drawing was taken from a specimen com- 
municated by Mr. Anderson from the Chelsea Garden, 
in 1820. 



£2650. 




AA*»/£»rfa, WiiwtHk.MmjaU. 



( 2650 ) 

PlQUERIA TRINERVIA. THREE-NERVED 
PlQUERIA. 

Class and Order. 

SYNGENESIA POLYGAMIA iEQUALIS. 

Generic Character. 

Recept. nudum. Cat. tetraphyllus aequalis, quadriflorus. 
Pappus nullus. Sem. pentagona. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Piqueria trinervia; herbacea, caule ramisque bifariam 
pilosis, foliis lanceolatis serratis glabris, corymbis ra- 
mosissimis, foliolis involucri (calycis) mucronatis. 
Kunth Syn. PL Mquinoct. 2. p. 439. 

Piqueria trinervia. Cav. ic. 3. p. 19. t. 235. Willd. Sp. 
PL 3. p. 1748. Persoon Syn. 2. p. 397. Hort. Kew. 
ed. alt. 4. p. 501. Encycl. Bot. Suppl. 4. p. 419. 



This plant belongs to the natural order of Composite, 
the Corymbiferce of Jussieu, and appears to us., in habit at 
least, to be more nearly related to Eupatorium than to any 
other genus ; but the seeds are without pappus, and the 
calyx consists of four leaflets, equal in length. 

A biennial. Native of Mexico. Cultivated in the 
greenhouse. Introduced by the Marchioness of Bute, in 
1798. Flowers from June to August. 

Our drawing was taken in 1819, from a plant communi- 
cated by Mr. Anderson, from the late Mr. Vere's garden, 
at Kensington Gore. 



Kz65l. 




( 2651 ) 

Acacia quadrangularis. Square-stalked 

Acacia. 

******************* 

Class and Order. 

POLYGAMIA MoNCSCIA. 

Generic Character. 

Hermaphr. Cal. 5-dentatus. Cor. 5-fida vel 5-petaIa. 
Stam. 4 — 200. Pist.l. Legumen 2-valve. 

Masc. Cal. 5-dentatus. Cor. 5-fida seu 5-petala. Stam. 
4—200. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Acacia quadrangularis ; foliis quinquejugis : foliolis mul- 
tijugis linearibus acutis ciliatis, rachi foliorum pubes- 
cente, capitulis axillaribus longe pedunculatis. Link. 
Enum. 2. p. 445. 

Acacia quadrangularis ; inermis, ramis tetragonis, pinnis 
quinquejugis, foliolis linearibus acutis ciliatis ; infe- 
rioribus et extimis subbrevioribus, petiolo pubescente 
eglanduloso, capitulis subternis pedunculatis axillari- 
bus. De Cand. Prodr. 2. p. 468. 



This plant has been communicated from the Paris gar- 
den, to several collections, both in England and elsewhere, 
under the name which we have adopted. Upon comparing 
it with Jacquin's figure of portoricensis we did not at first 
doubt but that our plant was the same species; but in his 
description he expressly notices, that the branches and pe- 
duncles are rounded, which are here remarkably square. 
In both plants the branches and petioles are said to be 
pubescent, but in our's, these parts, if at all, were very 
minutely so. Acacia quadrangularis, portoricensis, and 

caracasana, 



car-acasana, are very nearly related, and though the native 
country of the first is unknown, that of the two latter spe- 
cies will go far towards determining it. 

The genus Acacia belongs to the natural order of Mi- 
mosece a tribe of the large class of Leguminosce. 

Our drawing was taken in the collection of the Count 
de V andes, at Bayeswater, in November, 1821. Requires 
to be cultivated in the stove. 





/ (utu. 1,1 



/Li ij flurti, Tr.4.0jth lf v ISU 



WtJiUJi ■ 



C 2652 ) 

XYLOPHYLLA MONTANA. MOUNTAIN 

Sea-side Laurel. 

Class and Order. 

M0N(ECIA MoNADELPHIA. 

Generic Character. 

Masc. Cat. 6-partitus. Cor. o. Nectarium Glandulee 
6, globosae. 

Fem. Cal. et Nect. ut in mascula. Germ, superum. 
Styli 3. Stigm. 3-partita. Caps. 3-locularis. Sew. 2, in 
singulis loeulamentis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Xylophylla montana; foliis lanceolatis, floribus aggre- 
gate subsessilibus, ramis teretibus apice ancipitibus. 

Phyllanthus montanus ; foliis subdistichis elliptico-lanceo- 
latis coriaceis inciso-crenatis floriferis, floribus subses- 
silibus, ramis teretibus apice ancipitibus. Swartz Fl. 
Ind. oc. 2. p. 1117. Pers. Syn. p. 591. 

Xylophylla montana. Swartz Prodr. p. 28. 



We remarked long ago, that Xylophylla could hardly be 
distinguished from Phyllanthus by characters taken from 
the parts of fructification. Nevertheless, from its remark- 
able habit, we are inclined still to continue it as a distinct 
genus. Swartz, who, in his Prodromus, retained the name 
of Xylophylla, afterwards, in his Flora India? Occidentalis, 
united it with Phyllanthus ; in the Hortus Kewensis, how- 
ever, both genera are kept distinct. 

Native of Jamaica, growing, according to Swartz, on 
the calcareous rocks, in the western part of the island. 

With 



With us, it requires the heat of the stove, where it flowers 
in the winter and spring months. Our drawing was taken 
at the Count de V Andes' garden, at Bayeswater, in March, 
1822. 



The outline figures represent a male flower, shewing the stamens and 
glands, and a female flower, both magnified. 




JfUS3. 




fr^m-it m 



( 2653 ) 

Campanula Ruthenica. Taurian Bell- 
flower. 

******************* 

Class and Order. 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-fidus. Cor. campanulata vel subrotata, limbo 

5-fido. Filamenta basi dilatata. Stigma 3 — 5-fidum. 

Caps, infera, 3 — 5-locularis, poris lateralibus vel apice 
valvato dehiscens. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Campanula ruthenica ; caule tereti foliisque subtus tomen- 
tosis ; inferioribus cordato-lanceolatis petiolatis ; su- 
perioribus sessilibus, racemo terminali longissimo, 
calycibus incanis : segmentis erectis. M. v. Bieb. Fl. 
Taur.-Cauc. 1. p. 151. et p. 142. Willd. Enum. p. 
211. Rom. et Sch. Syst. Veg. 5. p. 123. 

Campanula rapunculoides. Pall. Ind. Taur. ex Bieb. 

Campanula menthastri folio. Buxb. Cent. 5. p. 10. t. 19. 

Campanula orientalis altissima flore parvo pyramidato. 
Tournef. Cor. p. 4. ex Bieb. 



It has been doubted whether this plant be not a mere 
variety of Campanula bononiensis ; but, perhaps, the seg- 
ments of the calyx not being reflexed, may be a sufficient 
character to keep them separate, although, in cultivated 
plants, little dependence can be placed upon the different 
degrees of pubescence. 

The simple-stemmed varieties of rapunculoides, of bono- 
niensis and the simplex of Decandolle, have, however, a 
very near affinity, and may perhaps belong to one species, 
to be kept distinct from the branched varieties. 

Native 



Native of the dry hills of Tauria ; not frequent on Cau- 
casus. Communicated by Mr. Anderson,, from the Botanic 
Garden, Chelsea, in July, 1823, where it was raised from 
seeds sent, we believe, by Dr. Fischer. 



JfzsjS, 




> „',tf J/-/ 



A*i ly J. Curtu Tforimortii, . AJ» , 



( 2654 ) 

Aconitum Anthora. Wholsome 
Wolfe' s-bane. 

*jft '%! yf." 'Jff vf. vjs Vf> v|S "/f Vf." VJS 4> V Vf» vf." Vf." •/?- "-f? "^ Vf.' 

C/flss and Order. 

PoLYANDRIA TrIGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. o. Petala 5 : supremo fornicato. Nectaria 2, pe- 
dunculata, recurva. Siliqua? 3. s. 5. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Aconitum Anthora ; galea convexa apice in acumen desi- 

nente, calcare spiral^ labio obcordato, foliis multifidis : 

laciniis linearibus. De Cand. Sjyst. Veg. Nat. 1. p. 

365. Ejusdem Prodr. 1. p. 56 mutato charactere. 
Aconitum Anthora; floribus pentagynis, foliorurn laciniis 

linearibus. Sp. PL 751. Jacq. Flor. Austr. 4. p. 43. 

t. 382. Mill. Ic. 1. t. 12 Jig. mala. Vill. Dauph.2. 

p. 704. 
Aconitum Anthora ; cuculli calcare refracto uncinato ; 

labio adscendente obcordato, galea conica rotundata ; 

foliis multifidis : laciniis linearibus. Willd. Sp. PL 2 

p. 1234. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 3. p. 322. 
Aconitum salutiferum seu Anthora. Bauh. Pin. 184. Ge* 

rard Emac. 969. 
Anthora vulgaris. Clus. Hist. 2. p. 98. Dod. Pempt. 

443. 
Antora sive Antitora. Cam. Epit. 837. optime. 
Antithora flore luteo aconiti. Bauh. Hist. 3. p. 660. 

. Raj. Hist. 1. p. 705. 
Anthora vera flore luteo. Barrel, ic. 609. 



De Candolle in his Prodromus, published since his 
Systema, has enumerated eight varieties of Aconitum An- 
thora, adopted from M. Stringe's Museum Helveticum, a 

work 



work which we have not seen ; we cannot, therefore, ascer- 
tain to which of them our plant should be referred. The 
difference chiefly consists in the greater or less pubescence, 
some small difference in the shape of the galea, the broader 
or narrower segments of the leaves. Our plant was con- 
siderably more pubescent in every part than the one de- 
scribed and figured by Jacquin. 

This plant has been supposed to be an antidote to the 
poison of the Aconitum Napellus and the bite of venomous 
animals, and has been recommended in pestilential fevers ; 
it belongs, however, to a very suspicious genus, and Clu- 
sius long ago dissuaded from its use. Villars says, he has 
known it given for worms ; but observes, that it operates 
very violently both as an emetic and purgative. It is, 
therefore, notwithstanding its name of salutary, or whole- 
some, a very hazardous remedy, in the use of which we 
should at least recommend the greatest caution. 

A hardy perennial. Native of the alps of the south of 
Europe. Flowers from June to August. Our drawing 
was made from a specimen communicated by N. H. Hod- 
son, Esq. of Chapel House, Bury St. Edmund's. 



tf.2ffi. 




3J tftfdttu 



( 2655 ) 

Crocus lagenjEflorus x. Pale Gourd- 
flowered Crocus. 

Class and Order. 

Triandria Trigynia. 

Generic Character. 

Spatha plerumque 2-valvis: valvula interior multo 
angustior. Cor. infundibuliformis : Tubus longissimus, 
basi subterraneus ; limbus 6-partitus, regularis. Stigmata 3. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Crocus lagenarflorus ; bulbi tunicis vix striatis, foliis sub 
florescentiam parum exsertis, corollae laciniis ovalibus ; 
interioribus multo latioribus, antheris Longissimis re- 
clinatis, stigmatibus angustis. Salisb. Par ad. Lond. 
106. 

(«.) corolla pallide ochroleuca, lineis 3 viridi-caruleis disco 
laciniarum exteriorum. Salisb. 

Crocus lagenasflorus. y. Haworthin Hort. Soc. Tr.l. p. 
134. 



Our drawing of this pretty Crocus was taken from a 
specimen communicated by Joseph Sabine, Esq. from the 
Horticultural Society's garden at Chiswick, in March, 
1819, by whom the bulbs had been previously presented 
to the society. 

The colour of the tube and the streaks on the outer la- 
ciniae have sometimes a greenish tinge. 

Ifthisbeonly a variety of the common yellow Crocus, 
it ought to have been called nuesiacus or luteus. But, as 
we cannot determine this question, we prefer giving it 
under the name we received it, as it may certainly be con- 
sidered as the representation of an authentic specimen of 
the variety y of Haworth's lagenctfiorus, which is variety 
* of Salisbury. 



N.2656. 




( 2656 ) 

Cleome Candelabrum. Chandelier 
Cleome. 

&» ■ < l / . A ala sfa ■'fr 1 . afc ■ s t'. &. jfr. jfc .'I'. .St'. ■•& rfc ate ■'I'i i*!"! A 

Ctoss and Order. 

Tetradynamia Siliquosa (Hexandria Monogynia 
Persoon). 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 4-phyllus. Petala 4. Stam. 4 — 40. Siliqua uni- 
locularis, bivalvis, polysperma. Semina exalbuminosa. 

Specific Character. 

Cleome Candelabrum ; hexandra, inermis, pubescens ; sta- 
minibus apice stipitis insertis, foliis quinatis : foliolis 
lato-ovatis acuminatis, bracteis ternatis sessilibus, sili- 
quis scabris stipite longioribus. 



Descr. Stem erect, rounded, pubescent, somewhat 
branched towards the top. Leaves alternate, petioled : leaf- 
lets five, broad-ovate, acuminate, ciliate, hairy underneath, 
rough above, on very short thick pedicels. Bractes, or floral 
leaves, small, three-leaved. Peduncles spreading horizon- 
tally, hairy. Calyx, four-leaved ; leaflets lanceolate. Pc- 
tals 4, spathula-shaped, white, with a faint blush-coloured 
tinge, sessile, erect on claws longer than the calyx and 
equalling the limb. From the centre of the calyx is ex- 
tended horizontally a stipes or pedicel, which is longer 
than the peduncle, at the apex of which are inserted the 
six stamens and the oval germen. Capsule or siliqua an 
inch and half long, cylindrical, very rough, crowned with 
the flattened globular stigma. Seeds many, rough. 

The species referred to the genus Cleome are very nu- 
merous, but we cannot discover among those recorded by 
De Candolle, in his Systema Vegetabilium, any one that 
corresponds well with our plant, and have, therefore, been 

constrained 



constrained to consider it as an undescribed species ; we 
regret, however, that, before doing so, we had not an op- 
portunity of consulting higher authority. 

The remarkable horizontal growth of the peduncles, 
with the stipes continued in the same direction, and ter- 
minated by the germen and six stamens, with their orange- 
coloured anthers, give it somewhat the appearance of a 
chandelier, which suggested the name. 

Cleome belongs to the natural order of Capparidete, 
which Brown considers as belonging to the same natural 
class with Cruciferm. 

Our drawing was taken from a plant communicated by 
Mr. Anderson, from the Apothecaries' garden at Chelsea, 
in July, 1824. 



( 2657 ) 

PlTCAIRNIA FURFURACEA. MEALY 
PlTCAIRNIA. 

Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 3-phyllus, semisuperus. Petala 3. Squama nee- 
tarifera ad basin petalorum. Stigmata 3, contorta. Cap- 
sula 3-locularis. Sem. sub alata. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Pitcairnia furfuracea ; foliis lanceolato-loratis sparsim 

spinulosis subtus farinosis recurvis, laciniis corollae 

obtusis mucronulatis asqualibus. 
Pitcairnia furfuracea ; foliis dentato-spinosis recurvatis 

supra nitidis glabris subtus farinosis albis. Willd. 

Enum. p. 346 ? certe tamen non Pourretia pyramidalis 

Flora? Peruvianas et Kunth Synopsis. 
Pitcairnia intermedia. Hortulanis. 



Descr. Radical leaves narrow, strap-shaped, much elon- 
gated at the point, with margins here and there armed with 
small spines, especially towards the base, shining green 
on the upper surface, and covered with a white mealy 
substance on the under, a foot and a half or two feet long, 
recurved. Scape two feet high, clothed with a white, loose, 
woolly substance, which easily wipes off. Bractes at the 
lower part of the scape leaf-like, diminishing upwards, till 
they are only equal to the short pedicels. Flowers rose- 
coloured, in a long terminal raceme, simple, or with two 
or three short 1 — 3-flowered branchlets at the lower part. 
Pedicels three times shorter than the calyx, which is not 
half the length of the Corolla, club-shaped, persistent after 
the flower falls off. Petals strap-shaped, obtuse, with a 

small 



small mucro, of equal length, furnished at the base with a 
scale-like appendix. Stamens included: anthers linear. 
Germen triangular, 3-celled, with many ovula. Style the 
length of the stamens : stigmas 3, twisted together. 

From Willdenow's description of Pitcairnia furfuracea, 
in his Enumeration of the plants in the Berlin Garden, our 
present subject appears to be most probably the same spe- 
cies, but it is certainly not the Pourretia pyramidata of 
the Flora Peruviana, of which Kunth, in his Synopsis, 
makes Willdenow's furfuracea a synonym. It is doubt- 
less a true Pitcairnia, having the scale-like appendix at 
the base of the petals ; but even if these were wanting, we 
could by no means consent to separate this plant from' the 
genus to which we have referred it. 

The plant from which our drawing was taken was* com- 
municated by Mr. Blare, in August, 1819, from the late 
Mr. Vere's collection at Kensington Gore. It is a native 
of South America. Cultivated here hi the stove. 



Jfyess 




RJ£.2tl 



( 2658 ) 
Laurus Camphora. Camphor-Tree. 

Class and Order. 
Enneandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. o. Cor. calycina, 6-partita. Nectarium glandulis 
tribus bisetis germen cingentibus. Filam. interiora glan- 
dulifera. Drupa monosperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Laurus Camphora; foliis subtriplinerviis ovatis acumina- 
tis, paniculis tenuibus lateralibus. Lam. Encycl. 3. 
p. 445. Pers. Syn. 1. p. 446. 

Laurus Camphora ; foliis (perennantibus) triplinerviis 
lanceolato-ovatis. Sp. PL 528. ed. Willd. 2. p. 478. 
Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 2. p. 427. Jacq. Collect. 4. p. 221. 
t. 3. f. 2. Thunb. Jap. p. 172. 

Laurus camphorifera. Kcempf. Amain. 770. c. tabula. 

Camphora officinamm. Bauh. Pin. 500. Blackw. Herb, 
t. 347. in fructu. 

Arbor camphorifera japonica. Commel. Hort. 1. p. 185. 
t. 59. 

Persea Camfora ; foliis ovato-oblongis acuminatis tripli- 
nerviis, paniculis axillaribus multifloris folio breviori- 
bus. Spreng. Syst. Veg. 2. p. 268. 



Though the Camphor-tree appears with us to be shy of 
flowering, not having flowered at Kew when the last cata- 
logue was published, yet Jacquin observes, that in the 
Imperial garden at Schoenbrunn, it bore a profusion of 
flowers every year. It is a native of Japan, where it grows 
into a stately tree, which Kjempfer compares to the European 
Lime or Linden Tree. Every part of the tree, but more 

especially 



especially the root abounds with camphor, which the pea- 
santry prepare from it by a rude distillation. It is exported 
to the East Indies and to Europe, where it is refined by 
sublimation, and comes to our market in large cakes, freed 
from all impurities. Camphor is also procured from the 
same or some other kind of tree in Sumatra and Borneo. 

According to Thunberg, the Camphor-tree varies with 
red, yellow, and dark purple berries. The natives make 
candles of a fatty substance procured from these berries by 
pressure. 

Our drawing was taken by Dr. Greville, from a plant 
that flowered in the Edinburgh Botanical garden, and com- 
municated to us by Professor Graham. 



JZ659. 




rtisJkl 



( 2659 ) 

ASTRANTHUS COCHINCHINENSIS. CHINESE 

Star-flower. 

Af. A*. . v fr. A*. A'. Ar. A'. A\ A\ A'. A'. A'. A\ A\ A'. A'. A'. A*. A'. &. A'. 

Class and Order. 
Heptandbia Tetragynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. o. Cor. hypocrateriformis 14 — 20-fida. Sem, I. 
superum, tubo corollae persistente cinctum. 

Specific Name and Synonyms. 

Astranthus cochinchinensis. Willd. Sp. PL 2. p. 291. 

Spreng. Si/st. Veg. 2. p. 169. 
Astranthus cochinchinensis ; foliis ovatis serratis, spicis 

axillaribus. Lour. Fl. Cochin. I. p. 



According to Loureiro, the Astranthus cochinchinensis 
is a moderate sized tree, with a few ascending branches ; 
leaves ovate, serrate, woolly, petioled, alternate ; Flowers 
pale, of a firm consistence, in long, simple, axillary, spikes, 
or more properly racemes. He observes that the stamens 
are more usually seven, sometimes six or eight, and that 
the border of the corolla is divided into double the number 
of laciniae, the alternate ones being always somewhat 
shorter, but radiated on the same plane. We had no 
opportunity of seeing the plant ourselves, but according to 
our figure, the stamens were ten in number, and the limb 
of the corolla was divided into twenty radiating laciniae, 
and there were five styles. If this should be found to be 
generally the case, this plant will be properly placed under 
Decandria Pentagynia. 

That our plant is the real Astranthus of Loureiro, we 
are assured by our friend Mr. Robert Brown, upon the 
authority of Loubeiro's o\vn specimen. 

Native 



Native of Cochinchina, and not uncommon there. Our 
drawing was taken at the Horticultural Society's garden, 
where it flowered in the stove, in June, 1824, having been 
sent to the Society from China, by John Reeves Esq. in 
1821. 



The outline figure represents a front view of one of the flowers magnified. 



■ 



Jfz6t 




A.J.Sj St,,,,,, Vmlm.rik J 



' 



( 2660 ) 

Andromeda buxifolia. Box-leaved 
Andromeda. 

Class and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-partitus. Cor. ovata : ore 5-fido. Caps. 5-locu- 
laris : valvulis dissepimento contrariis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Andromeda buxifolia ; racemis terminalibus nudis, corollis 
globosis, foliis perennantibus cordato-ovatis integerri- 
mis mucronulatis. 

Andromeda buxifolia ; racemis secundis nudis, corollis sub- 
cylindricis, foliis cordato-ovatis integerrimis mucronu- 
latis. Smith Ic. ined. 59. Willd. £fc. PL 2. p. 611. 

Andromeda buxifolia. Lam. Encycl. 1. p. 159. 

Andromeda frutescens, racemis terminalibus, erectis ; flori- 
bus sparsis, nutantibus, ovatis ; foliis, abstracto apiculo 
terminali, cordato-ovatis, obtusissimis. Commers. Herb. 
ex Lam. 



Descr. A shrub two feet and a half high : branches di- 
varicate, while young, red and hairy. JLeaves scattered, 
ever-green, rigid, cordate-ovate, obtuse, with a small mu- 
cro ; on the young branches yellowish-green and netted- 
veined ; on the older and flowering branches, dark green 
on the upper -side and white -tomentose on the under. 
Flowers dark blood colour, in long, terminal, many flowered 
racemes, on short cernuous pedicels. Calyx 5-cIeft, with 
rounded segments, persistent, very dark coloured. Corolla 
globular, with the base flattened and somewhat pellucid : 
border five-cleft, laciniae small, spreading, scarcely revolutc. 
Stamens ten, included : filaments dilated at the base, hairy, 

inserted 



inserted into the receptacle : anthers two-celled, not spur- 
red. Germen globular, five-celled. Style longer than the 
stamens : stigma 5-lobed. 

We believe the Andromeda buxifoUa has been heretofore 
only known to botanists from the specimens collected by 
Commerson in the Isle of Bourbon ; from one of which Sir 
James E. Smith published the engraving above quoted. 
His drawing being made from a dried specimen, the form 
of the corolla is not correct, otherwise the figure is a good 
representation of the plant. 

Our friend, Mr. Robert Barclay, imported it from the 
Mauritius, and it flowered in his most interesting collection 
in April. It was at first kept in the stove, but did better 
when removed into the lower temperature of the con- 
servatory. 



MZ66L 




5«i 



1 ^ 



»ij 







( 2661 ) 

Grevillea linearis, var. incarnata. 

Flesh-coloured linear-leaved 

Grevillea. 

i*fr- ."V- & . v l'i ■'I'i ^fc fVt i^V. i^. ^fr. ^i . v fri &. "V. &• ^V. *V. K l'. fV. . v t". 
<r> *l* <t> <t* Vf» Vj« «f«. '/j*' yf. vfc. yj» ■/(» vf> vf> Vf» VN VP> ™ "T> ^s 

Cfeiss awd Order. 
Tetrandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. irregularis. Antherce apicibus concavis, corolla im- 
mersse. Glandula hypogyna, dimidiata. Folliculus supe- 
rus, unilocularis, dispermus. R. Br. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Grevillea linearis ; foliis lineari-lanceolatis acuiis mucro- 
natis marginibus refractis, racemis abbreviatis erecti- 
usculis, stylis apice glaberrimis. Brown in Lin. Soc. 
Trans. 10. p. 170. Prodr. 376. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 
1. p. 205. Roem. et Sch. Syst. Veg. 3. p. 411. 

Embothrium lineare. Bot. Repos. 272. Lodd. Cab. 50. 
858. 

Embothrium linearefolium. Cav. Ic. 4. p. 59. t. 386. 

Embothrium sericeum. y. 8ml Aeto //oW. 27. Wi$d. 

4- PL 1. p. 539. 
Lysanthe linariaefolia. Knight and Salteb. Prot. p. 118. 



Grevillea linearis is a delicate shrub, with spreading 
branches. Leaves scattered, linear, mucronate, when 
young, pubescent, adult ones naked, with the margins 
folded back. Flowers in terminal racemes, looking one 
way. Pedicels shorter than the flower, clothed with ad- 
pressed hairs. Petals four, equal, all turned to one side, 
finally revolute, hairy on the inside at the lower part. 
Anthers immersed in the hollow at the point of the petals, 

before 



before the expansion of the flower, closely embracing the 
flat stigma. Germen superior, ovate, becoming stipitate 
after deflorescence. Style ascendent. 

There are two varieties of this species, one with white, 
the other with flesh-coloured flowers. 

This genus was named in honour of the late Right 
Honourable Charles Greville, who possessed a very ex- 
tensive collection of rare plants, at Paddington, always 
devoted to the promotion of science. 

Native of New-Holland, and one of the earliest plants 
cultivated here from that country, being introduced by Sir 
Joseph Banks on his return from the celebrated voyage, in 
which Botany Bay was first discovered. Requires the pro- 
tection of the greenhouse, where it flowers in almost every 
season of the year. Our plant was communicated by 
Messrs. Loddiges, in March, 1824 ;— being the last plant 
we received from Hackney during the life of our venerable 
friend, the late Mr. Conrad Loddiges, to whose memory 
we long ago dedicated the Loddigesia oxalidifolia, No. 
964 of this work. J 



1. 

thers. 



The outline figures represent, — 
A flower before expansion, shewing the stigma embraced by the an- 



2. An expanded flower. 




$2662 



( 2662 ) 

Yucca glauca. Glaucous-leaved Adam's- 

Needle. 

Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. campanulata, 6-fida. Filamenta clavata. Germen 
triquetrum stamina excedens. Caps. 3-locularis. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Yucca glauca; acaulis, foliis lanceolatis flaccidis glaucis 

integerrimis, laciniis corollae ovatis patentissimis. 
Yucca glauca. Noisette Jard. fruit? 



Descr. Leaves lanceolate, glaucous, less rigid than in 
other species. Scape four or five feet high, with about 
twenty lateral branches, each bearing from ten to sixteen 
flowers, and the terminal spike has nearly thirty. The 
flowers are either solitary or in pairs, or now and then in 
threes. The corolla less globose than in most of the other 
species : the laciniae expanding very wide. 

Native of Carolina, whence it was imported by Mr. 
Lyons, and sold to the Hon. William Herbert, in whose 
collection at Spoffbrth it proved quite hardy, having stood 
nine winters in 1823, in September of which year our draw- 
ing was taken. 



KZ661 




( 2663 ) 

Rhamnus latifolius. Broad-leaved 
Azorian Rhamnus. 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character 

Cal. tubulosus. Cor. squamae stamina munientes, ca- 
lyci insert®. Bacca. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Rhamnus latifolius ; inermis, floribus monogynis hermaph- 
roditism calycibus villosis, foliis ellipticis integerrimis. 
L'Herit. Sert. Angl. p. 5. t. 8. Willd. Sp. PL I 
p. 1098. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 2. p. 16. Persoon Syn. 
1. p. 238. Spreng. Syst. Veg. 1 . p. 768. Poir. End. 
Bot. 4. p. 475. 

Rhamnus latifolius; foliis ellipticis acuminatis integerrimis, 
nervis lateralibus 12 — 15-lineatis, junioribus calyci- 
busque villosis, floribus hermaphroditis. D. Cand. 
Prodr. 2. p. 26. 

Rhamnus latifolius; inermis, floribus monogynis hermaph- 
roditism calycibus villosis, foliis ellipticis integerrimis 
acuminatis basi rotundatis. Willd. Enum. p. 250. 
Roem. et Sch. Syst. Veg. 5. p. 287. 



Rhamnus latifolius was first described by L'Heritier 
from a plant in the Kew Garden, where it was introduced 
in 1778, being a native of the mountains of St. Michael, 
one of the Azores. 

It is nearly related to Rhamnus Frangula, but is easily 
distinguished at first sight by the large size of the leaves 
and spotted bark of the young branches ; yet there is some 
difficulty in finding distinguishing characters. L'Heritier 
depended upon the yillosity of the calyx , which is smooth 

in 



iii Frangula ; De Candolle added the greater number of 
the lateral nerves or ribs ; and Willdenow, in his Enu- 
meration of the plants of the Berlin Garden, has made use 
of the roundness of the base of the leaves in his character, 
describing those of Frangula as acute at both ends ; but 
none of the above characters seem very exact, or not con- 
stant. In the berries we examined we found three seeds, 
and the stigma being described by Poiret as three-lobed, 
it may be the natural number ; and there being but two in 
Frangula, this character, if constant, would be a good 
specific distinction. 

The genus Rhamnus belongs to the Natural Order of 
Rhamnete, and is divided by De Candolle into several 
sections, to which he has given names. R. latifolius be- 
longs to his third section, the Frangula. Our friend, 
Mr. Robert Brown, in his Observations on the plants 
collected m the expedition of Major Denham and Captain 
Clapperton, has ingeniously proposed to add the names of 
the subgenera to the different species, a nomenclature, 
which, it generally adopted, would, in these large genera, 
be tound to be of great advantage. Upon this plan, our 
plant would be designated Rhamnus (Frangula) latifolius; 
the name thus at once denoting the species and section to 
which it belonged: This plant has been generally consi- 
dered as a greenhouse shrub, but is sufficiently hardy to 
bear our winters m the open air, without protection. The 
plant from which our drawing was taken grew in Mr. 
Jenkins s Botanic Garden in the New Road to a large size, 
and we received specimens of the same species from the 
late Mr. Walker, from a plant which had grown in an 
exposed situation in his garden at Southgate, for twelve 
years, and continued in vigour at that time 




#2664. 



( 2664 ) 

Kennedia coccinea. Many-flowered 
Scarlet Kennedia. 

iff. &* &. .-fr. &< &• cV« .St"- ■'fo &< tfr. .^i ,"V. ifc &. A\ fo &'. A'. 

C2dft awd Order. 

DlADELPHIA DECANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Vexillum recurvum, a carina non reflexum. Legumen 
multiloculare, polyspermum. Semina strophiolata. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Kennedia coccinea ; caule volubili, pedunculis axillaribus 
solitariis folio ternato longioribus, floribus capitatis. 

Kennedia coccinea ; foliis ternatis : foliolis obovatis, flori- 
bus capitatis., leguminibus glabriusculis. Vent. Mai- 
mais, 105, excluso synonymo Curtisii. Hort. Kew. 
ed. alt. 4. p. 299. 



Descr. Stem climbing, slender, roughish. Stipules 
opposite, small, hairy. Leaves ternate, alternate ; leaflets 
obovate, mucronulate, roughish above, pubescent, and 
veined underneath : very young ones narrow-ovate and 
acute. Common petiole longer than the leaflets, gibbose 
at the bottom. Peduncles axillary, solitary, longer than 
the leaf, roughened by short black hairs. Flowers about 
eight, collected in an umbel- formed capitulum, on short 
cernuous pedicles. Calyx five-toothed, clothed with black 
hairs : teeth subulate. Corolla papilionaceous : vexillum 
round-obcordate, much larger than the ala?, scarlet, with a 
green, marginated spot at the base. Alee connivent, pur- 
ple, longer than the carina. Stamens diadelphous f, Ger- 
men linear : style smooth : stigma capitate. 

In the early part of this work a species of this genus 
was published under the name of Glycine coccinea, which 
M. Ventenat quoted as a synonym of this ; but that is a 

very 



very different species, called by Mr. Brown, in the Hortus 
Kewensis, Kennedia prostrata. 

This beautiful climber is a native of the South- West 
coast of New Holland, where it was discovered by Robert 
Brown, Esq. Raised by Robert Barclay, Esq. at Bury- 
Hill, in 1824, and communicated in flower in April of the 
present year. 



F.Z6SS. 




( 2665 ) 

Astragalus Onobrychis var. tenuifolius. 
Russian narrow-leaved Onobrychis. 

******************* 

Class and Order. 

DlADELPHIA DeCANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Legumen plerumque triloculare, gibbum. Semina bi- 
serialia. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Astragalus Onobrychis; caulescens diffusus, pedunculis 

spicatis, vexillo alis duplo longiore. Sp. PL 1070. 

Willd. 3. p. 1296. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 4./). 369. Jacq. 

Austr. l.p.Zh. t3$. 
(/3.) tenuifolius. Vide Fl. Taurico-Cauc. 3. p. 494. n. 1482. 
Astragalus tenuifolius ; caulescens erectus, spicis pedun- 

culatis, vexillo alis duplo longiore. Hort. Kew. ed. 

I. 3. p. 73. Willd. Sp. PL 3. p. 1270. 
Astragalus linearifolius. Persoon Syn. 2. p. 336. n. 26. 
Onobrychis /""• Clus. Hist. 2. p. 238. 



Seeds of this plant were communicated to Mr. Anderson, 
Curator of the Chelsea Garden, by Dr. Fischer, from the 
Gorenki Garden, whose authority we have for stating this 
to be the variety of Astragalus Onobrychis mentioned by 
Marschall v. Bieberstein, in the third volume of his Flora 
Taurico-Caucasica, above quoted. 

Native of Russia. A hardy perennial, flowers in June 
and July. 




126. 



DC 



T iu.rtu.D.1 



A-i i> / (u rhj ffaitre ?-lh Ju^ lite. 



WmMiU /*-■ 



( 2666 ) 

Thymus nummularius Marjoram- 
leaved Thyme. 

******************** 

Class and Order. 

DlDYNAMIA GyMNOSPERMIA. 

Generic Character. 
Calycis bilabiati faux villis clausa. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Thymus nummularius ; floribus laxe verticillato-capitatis, 
dentibus calycinis acutis subaequalibus, corollis calyce 
bis longioribus. 

Thymus nummularius ; floribus laxe verticillato-capitatis, 
calycis limbo concolore, foliis subrotundo-ovatis pilo- 
sis ; inferioribus subcordatis, caulibus pilosis,, sarmen- 
tis repentibus longissimis. Bieb. Fl. Taur.-Cauc. 3. 
p. 403. 

Thymus orientalis majoranas foliis. Tournef. Cor, p. 12 ? 
ex Bieb. 



This species is nearly related to Thymus Serpyllum, but 
is a much larger plant, and like that, varies exceedingly 
in being more or less hairy. In our plant, the teeth of the 
calyx were for the most part purple coloured, which are 
described as green, except when in fruit. The corolla is 
nearly twice the length of the calyx. A hardy perennial. 
Flowers in July and August. Communicated by Mr. 
Anderson from the Chelsea Garden, who raised it from 
seeds received from Dr. Fischer. 



¥Z60% 




Aj.i| J a. it., D 



( 2667 ) 

Azalea indica var. y. Cluster-flowered 
Indian Azalea. 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. campanulata. Stamina receptaculo inserta. Caps. 
5-locularis. 

Specific Character and Sh/noni/m§. 

Azalea indica ; foliis ovato-oblongis acutis villosis, pedun- 
culis aggregatis (solitariisve) terminalibus calycibus- 
que pilosis, corolla campanulata. Spreng. Si/st. Veg. 
1. p. 628. 

Azalea indica. Bot. Mag. 1480, ubi synonyma petenda 
Bot.Reg. 811. 

(H.) Bot. Mag. 2509. 

(y) floribus purpureis aggregatis. 



This variety of the much admired Azalea indica is less 
hairy than either of those before published; the flowers 
are larger and collected together at the extremities of the 
branches. The flowers are of a fine purple colour; the 
upper segment spotted in the manner of Rhododendron 
ponticum ) and, like the first, has ten stamens. These cha- 
racters would unite it to Rhododendron, but, according to 
KiEMPFER, some of the varieties have only five, and others 
ten stamens. This species seems indeed to bid defiance to 
all description ; for not only the flowers vary in colour and 
form, but the leaves of some of them are deciduous, some 
evergreen, some quite smooth, others hairy, as well as being 
very differently shaped ; some blossom in the spring, others 
in the autumn. 

The drawing of our present subject was taken at the 
garden belonging to the Horticultural Society, at Chiswick, 
m May last 







l)j6i 








i 



/ 



I 



J 



I 
1 



WiddiUU 



( 2668 ) 

Helianthus atrorubens. Dark-purplb- 
eyed Sun-flower. 

*********************** 

Class and Order. 
Syngenesia Polygamia Frustranea. 

Generic Character. 

Receptaculwn paleaceum, planum. Pappus diphyllus. 
Cal. imbricatus, subsquarrosus. 



Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Helianthus atrorubens ; foliis oppositis spathulatis cre- 
natis triplinerviis scabris, squamis calycinis erectis 
longitudine disci. Sp. PI. 1279. ed. Willd. 3. p. 2245. 
Persoon Syn. 2. p. 476. n. 26. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 5. 
p. 129. 

Helianthus atrorubens ,• totus hispidus ; caule superne 
nudiusculo laxe paniculato, foliis spathulatis ovatis 
crenatis triplinervibus scabris, squamis calycinis ovato- 
lanceolatis longitudine disci atropurpurei. Pursh Fl. 
Amer. Sept. 2. p. 570. Bot. Reg. 508? excluso sy- 
nonymo Bot. Mag. 

Corona Solis minor, disco atrorubente. Dill. Eltham 
111.1.9*. 

Corona Sons caroliniana parvis floribus, folio trinervi 
amplo aspero, pediculo alato. Marty n Cent. 20. 



In the forty-fifth volume of this work, No. 2020, we 
gave a figure and description of a Helianthus which ap- 
peared to us to be an undescribed species, and to which 
we gave the name of diffusus. This has been since quoted 
as a synonym of Helianthus atrorubens in the Botanical 
Register. The figure in that work, we suspect to be from 
the plant we have called diffusus, and the description ac- 
commodated to both species. We have here given a figure 

of 



of what we believe to be the atrorubens of Linnjeus ; and if 
so, no two species of the genus can be more distinct in habit ; 
our present plant growing erect, with few leaves at the 
upper flowering part of the stem, and having remarkably 
straight, upright, and often branched peduncles; whereas 
our diffusus is a low, spreading, very much branched plant, 
with axillary, solitary peduncles, and larger flowers ; the 
leaves too are very different in shape, the lower ones in 
atrorubens being contracted towards the base, so as to 
resemble a winged footstalk, as it is described by Martyn, 
and represented in Dillanius's figure- 
Native of Carolina, Virginia, and Upper Louisiana. 
Flowers from September to October. Considered as a 
hardy perennial; but, as Martyn observes, liable to be de- 
stroyed by our severe winters. Communicated by Mr. 
Hodson, from the Botanical Garden, at Bury St. Edmunds. 



12669. 




*U>,X&*4g.lkbmrikA}jf2 



y-fjdtM-r* 



( 2669 ) 

Heliotropium curassavicum. Glaucous 
Turnsole or Heliotrope. 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. hypocrateriformis, 5-fida, interjectis dentibus : fauce 
nuda. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Heliotropium curassavicum ; foliis lanceolato-linearibus 
glabris aveniis, spicis conjugatis. Sp. PI. 188. ed. 
fVilld. I. p. 743. Persoon. Syn. I. p. 156. n. 16. Hort. 
Kew. ed. alt. 1. p. 285. FL Peruv. 2. p. 4. n. 10. Roem. 
et Sch. Syst. Veg. 4. p. 32. et 728. 

Heliotropium curassavicum ; caule herbaceo ; foliis sub- 
oppositis angusto-lanceolatis obsolete venosis glabris 
glaucis, spicis conjugatis solitariisve. Hornem. Hort. 
Hafn. 1. p. 172. Lehm. Asper. p. 34. n. 13. 

Heliotropium curassavicum; foliis lineari-Ianceolatis glau- 
cis glabris obsolete venosis oppositis alternisve., spicis 
conjugatis compositisve. Willd. Enum. 175. 

Heliotropium indicum procumbens glaucophyllon, flori- 
bus albis. Pluk. Aim. 182. t. 36. / 3. 

Heliotropium americanum procumbens, facie Lini umbili- 
cati. Herm. Par ad. p. 183. cum. tab. Moris. Hist. 
3. p. 452. Sect. 11. f. 31. /. 12. pessima. 

Heliotropium maritimum minus, folio glauco, flore albo. 
Sloane Hist. 1. p. 213. t. 132. / 3. 



Heliotropium curassavicum is a plant of little or no 
beauty, but there not existing any coloured figure of it> 
nor any good one at all, we have thought it worth while 

to 



to give a representation of it. It is a weak trailing plant, 
easily distinguished from the other species of the genus by 
its smooth glaucous leaves. 

Native of the West-Indies and tropical America. Cul- 
tivated in the stove, where it will sometimes abide a second 
or third year, though generally annual, or at most biennial. 
Flowers from June to August. 

Our drawing was taken at the Horticultural Society's 
Garden at Chiswick, where it was raised in 1823, from seeds 
brought from Jamaica by Mr. George Don. 



Jhsjo. 




t 



UU. 



( 2670 ) 
Valantia taurica. Fragrant Valantia. 

A'. A'. A'. A/. A'. A', A'. A', A , -< ft- A', ft, ft, ft* A', ft, ft. ft, ft. ft, ft, 
ypypTP tp V V MS 'i> V f -iS MS VI* Vf» Vt* -tS vf- Vr* <!• ^ 4? 

Class and Order. 

POLYGAMIA MoNCECIA. 

Generic Character. 

Hermaphrod. Cat o. Cor. 4-partita. Stam. 4. Stylus 
bifidus. Sem. 1. 

Masc. Cal. o. Cor. 3- s. 4-partita. Stam. 3. vel 4. 
Pistillum obsoletum. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Valantia taurica ; pedunculis multifloris folio brevioribus 
diphyllis pilosis, foliis quaternis obovato-oblongis 
reticulato-venosis hirtis margine carinaque hispido- 
ciliatis, caulibus decumbentibus ramosissimis hispidis, 
fructibus glabris. Bieb. Fl. Taur-Cauc. 2. p. 437. 
et 3. p. 640. 

Valantia taurica ; foliis quaternis hispidis ellipticis reticu- 
laris, pedunculis ramosis ciliatis bracteatis deflexis, 
bracteis oblongis, fructibus hispidis. Willd. Sp. PL 
4. £.951. 

Galium tauricum. Roem. et Sch. Syst. Veg. 3. p. 250. 

Rubia minor hispanica. Munt. Phyt. p. 339, cum. Icone ? 



We were informed by our friend Dr. Fischer, when he 
was in this country, that this plant is held in much estima- 
tion in the Crimea, on account of the fragrance of its 
flowers. We had no opportunity of ascertaining what 
was the case in this respect in its cultivated state. 

Our drawing was taken in the Chelsea Garden in May, 
1820, where it was raised from seeds sent by Dr. Fischer. 

Native of the dry chalky hills in Tauria. With us may 
be considered as a hardy perennial. 



A/26 71 




RitcS.fa*; II « 






( 2671 ) 
Banksia JEmvla. Rival Banksia. 

******************* 

Class and Order. 

Tetrandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. 1-petala. Stamina apicibus concavis corollae im- 
mersa. Sauamulae hypogynae 4. Folliculus ligneus, bilo- 
cularis : loculis 1-spermis ; dissepimento libero, bifido. 
Amentum flosculorum paribus tribracteatis. Brown. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Banksia cemula ; foliis lato-linearibus elongatis truncatis 
profunde serratis : subtus reticulatis glabriusculis, 
perianthiis sericeis, stigmate capitato exsulco nitido 
apice tetragono styli duplo crassiore, caule fruticoso. 
Brown Prodr. p. 395. Lin. Trans. 10. p. 210. Roem. 
et Sch. Syst. Veg. 3. p. 442. Sprengel Syst. Veg. 1. 
p. 485. 

Banksia serrata. White Voy. 222. tab. tertia ? 

Banksia serratifolia. Salisb. Prodr. 51 ? 

Banksia serraefolia. Knight et Salisb. Prot. 112? 



Our drawing of this rare species of Banksia, was taken 
at the Count de Vandes garden, at Bayeswater, in January, 
1825. The gardener informed us he had the name from 
Mr. Brown, and it appears to correspond with the Cha- 
racter given in his Prodromus. Banksia amula has a near 
relation to serrata, but differs in the leaves being more 
deeply serrate, and especially in the size and form of the 
stigma. Its flowering in the winter season may perhaps 
have occasioned the colour to be greater, than it might 
have been, had the plant had the enjoyment of more sun. 

Our synonyms above quoted are entirely taken from 
Mr. Brown. 



J\26-/2. 




( 2672 ) 

HiBBERTIA CORIFOLIA. CoRIS-LEAVED 
HiBBERTIA, 

/j\ vjx /jv vj\ vr> vj\ vj\ yj\ /js vj\ yj\ /j\ /p. vjs ^* ^* ^v ^ V^ 

C7ass end Order. 

PoLYANDRIA TrIGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-phyllus, in fructu connivens. Petala 5, decidua. 
Caps. 3 — 13, glomerate. 

Specific Character. 

Hibbertia corifolia ; caule fruticoso : ramis diffusis con- 
fertissimis, foliis linearibus sessilibus, ovariis ternis 
glabris. 



Descr. Stem shrubby, very much branched : branches 
diffuse, slender, flexile, red. Leaves linear, sessile, half 
an inch long, alternate, margins revolute. Peduncles ter- 
minal, solitary, one-flowered, longer than the leaves, thick- 
ened towards the point, bright red, with a single leaf-like 
bracte near the calyx. Calyx five leaved: leaflets oval, 
concave, villous, reflexed, but after deflorescence con- 
nivent. Petals five, obovate, emarginate, very like those 
of Cistus Helianthemum. Stamens from twelve to twenty, 
four times shorter than the petals, unequally united at the 
base : Anthers oblong. Ovaries three, oval, smooth : styles 
divaricate, incurved, green. 

The flowers very much resemble those of the dwarf 
Cistus, and it has been considered as an undescribed species 
of that genus. From its three divaricate styles, and the 
resemblance of its foliage to that of Hypericum Coris, we 
were at first inclined to consider it as a species of St. John's 
w ort ; but a short conversation with our friend Mr. Robert 
Brown convinced us that it was a true Hibbertia, a genus 
w hich, in New Holland, seems to occupy the same station 
as the Cistus does in Europe. 

Hibbertia 



Hibbebtia corifolia is an elegant little shrub, and when 
covered with its bright yellow blossoms, terminating its 
numerous pensile branchlets, makes a very beautiful ap- 
pearance. 

This genus belongs to the Natural Order of Dilleniaceee, 
and the present species to De Candolle's second section, 
adopted from Mr. Robert Brown. 

We were favoured with the plant from which our draw- 
ing was taken, by our friend Robert Barclay, Esq. of 
Bury-Hill, who informs us, that he received it from Mrs. 
M arryatt of Wimbledon House. It was supposed to be 
from Nepal ; but this is uncertain, and it seems more pro- 
bable that its native country is New Holland. Flowers 
in the greenhouse, in May and June. 



$~.26l$. 




■■ Ki-nr&i A.j JtH, 



( 2673 ) 

COLCHICUM CROCIFLORUM. CROCUS-FLOW- 
ERED MEADOW-SAFFRON. 

^ •&. iSt'. &. 'i'. ■ v fr. ■St'. .Sfc &, .-V. .4". .Sk .St". .Sfc iSfc . V V. i-fc .St*. .Sh .Sfc tSfc 
•y]s Tfr ■>{% vfr "if. <K vjs vf. "jfr vj»* vi? vfc. ">js -/jr *^»" *^." vf.* v?.' •/}>* "^ *^" 

Class and Order. 
Hexandria Trigynia. 

Generic Character. 

Spatha. Cor. 6-fida: tubo radicato. Capsular 3, connexse, 
inflate. 

Specific Character. 

Colchicum crociflorum ; spatha pauciflora, laciniis corollae 
obtusissimis tubo vix bis brevioribus, foliis lanceolatis. 



This Colchicum,, which appears to us to be an unde- 
scribed species, was raised at the Botanical Garden belong- 
ing to the Apothecaries' Company It was one of a selec- 
tion of roots of the officinal Colchicum had at the Hall 
from three different counties, from which Mr. Anderson 
informs us, as many different species were produced. The 
one from which our drawing was taken, was supposed to be 
collected in the neighbourhood of Hertford, but appears to 
us to be different from the autumnale figured in English 
Botany. Yhe flower resembles more that of Byzantinum, 
but the tube is much shorter : the foliage is very different, 
having four or five lanceolate leaves, of a darker colour, 
growing alternately along the stem, which they sheath at 
the base. 




K.2674. 



i 



Aj>i,/(»rt„W.. 



( 2674 ) 

Spartium ^Etnense. Three-seeded 
Broom. 



Class and Order. 

DlADELPHIA DeCANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Stigma longitudinals supra villosum. Filam. germini 
adhaerentia. Cal. deorsum productus. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Spartium atnense ; inerme, ramis teretibus striatis pro- 
pendentibus, foliis linearibus sericeis (caducis), race- 
mis terminalibus, leguminibus subtetraspermis. Bivon. 
Stirp. rar. Sicil. man. 2. Rqfin. Chi. cethn. ex De Cand. 

Genista athnensis; erecta ramosissima, foliis paucis lineari- 
bus sericeis, racemis terminalibus, petalis glabriusculis 
longitudine subaequalibus, leguminibus oblique ovatis 
compressis 2 — 3-spermis; junioribus pubescentibus. 
De Cand. Prodr. 2. p. 150. n. 48. 

Spartium trispermum. Smith in Rees Cycl. n. 5. 



Descr. A small shrub with many alternate, rounded, 
streaked, glaucous, pensile branches, in the flowering 
state altogether without leaves. Floicers sweet scented, 
alternate, nearly sessile, or on very short peduncles, with- 
out bractes. Calyx five-toothed : teeth obtuse, scariose, 
spreading. Vexillum nearly round, emarginate, reflexed : 
al<e shorter by half than the vexillum, bowed. Carina 
equal to the alae, pubescent, united at the point. Stamens 
all connected. Style incurved. Stigma capitate. 

This shrub very much resembles the Spartium junceum 
or Spanish broom, but is much smaller in all its parts ; 
flowers not half the size, branches much more slender and 
more glaucous. 

Spartium and Genista have been long ago united by 

Jussieu 



Jussieu and Lamarck, but while De Candolle has kept 
Spartium junceum distinct, we cannot well separate this 
so nearly related species from the same genus. 

The plant from which our drawing was taken, was com- 
municated in July, 1823, by P. B. Webb, Esq. late of 
Milford House, Surry. It was raised from seeds given him 
by M. Bivona, who found it at the foot of Mount yEtna, 
near II Milo, and has given a description of it in the work 
above quoted from Mr. Webb, but which we have not seen. 



( 2675 ) 

CORNUS MASCULA. CORNELIAN CHERRY. 

******************* 

Class and Order. 

Tetrandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Involucrum 4-phyllum saepius. Petala supera, 4. Drupa 
rwice 2-loculari. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 
■ 
Cornus mascula ; arborea, umbeliis involucrum aequanti- 

bus. Lin. Sp. PL 171. Syst. Veg. 159. Willd. Sp. 

PI. 1. p. 661. Persoon Syn. 1. p. 143. Mart. Mill. 

Diet. Hort. Kew. ed. alt. 1. p. 261. Blackw. Herb. t. 

121. Schmidt Arb. 2. p. 7. t. 63. Sibth. Fl. Grac. 

t. 151. 
Cornus mascula ; arborea, floribus umbellatis, foliis ovatis. 

Scop. Cam. ed. 2. I. p. 112. cum descriptione optima. 
Cornus mascula; arborea, umbeliis subaxillaribus, invo- 

lucris coloratis umbellam subaequantibus, foliis ob- 

longis acutis venosis scabris. Spreng. Syst. Veg. 1. 

p. 451. 
Cornus sylvestris mas. Bauh. Pin. 447. Lob. Ic. 2. 169. 

/• 1 
Cornus. Clus. Hist. 1. p. 12. / 3. Dod. Pempt. 802. 



Descr. Stem shrubby or arborescent, six or eight feet 
high, but sometimes acquires a much greater altitude : 
branches reclined, covered with a grey bark. Leaves op- 
posite, ovate- acuminate, quite entire, dark green on the 
upper, pubescent and paler on the under side, with paral- 
lel veins convergent towards the point. Involucre when 
the fruit was ripe still persistent, 4-leaved ; leaflets oval, 
concave. Footstalks twice the length of the involucre. 
Drupe elliptical, obtuse at both ends, with an umbilicate 
apex : Pulp juicy, sweet; acidulous and astringent : Nut 
ovate-oblong with four white angles, very hard, bilocular. 

The 



The flowers of this species come out early in the spring 
before the leaves appear, in small umbels of a yellow co- 
lour : but the chief beauty of the plant is when the fruit is 
ripe. The fruit is eatable and sometimes made into a pre- 
serve. There is a variety mentioned with yellow fruit. 

Native of the hedges and woods in Austria and several 
other parts of Europe, and is quite hardy in our climate. 

Communicated by Osgood Hanbury Esq. from his gar- 
den at Tanner's-End, in September, 1833. 



(V2676. 




.,;.<■£,/.. 



iU.byJU.rtu KUnrA 



( 2676 ) 
Cassia australis. New-Holland Cassia. 

Class and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-phyllus. Petala 5. Antherce 3 supremae steriles; 
3 infimae rostratae. Legumen. 

Specific Character. 

Cassia australis ; foliolis duodecim-jugis oblongis obtusis 
mucronulatis, glandula subulata inter utrumque par, 
sepalis petalisque obtusis subaequalibus, pedunculis 
subquadrifloris. 



Descr. Stem frutieose, erects simple or very little branch- 
ed towards the top. Stipules two, at the base of the 
petioles, subulate, incurved. Leaves abrupt pinnate: rachis 
channelled : leaflets ten or twelve pair, oblong-elliptical, 
obtuse at both ends, emarginate, with a minute mucro, 
smooth, about an inch long when full grown. Glands 
erect, subulate, black at the point, one between each pair 
of the leaflets. Peduncles axillary, naked, shorter than the 
leaf, sometimes growing two together, sometimes single, 
bearing generally four large golden-yellow flowers. Pe- 
dicels cernuous, with a small oval bracte at the base of 
each. Calycine leaflets round-oval, concave, nearly equal, 
but two a little the largest. Petals obovate, with a short 
claw, nearly equal. Stamens ten : filaments very short and 
thick : anthers oblong, all connivent, brown ; the lower- 
most one the longest. Germen stipitate, linear, and to- 
gether with the style curved into a semicircle : stigma 
simple. 

This handsome Cassia was raised at Bury-Hill, from 
seeds received from Mr. Telfair, early in 1824, with an 
observation, that he had just got them from frew Holland. 

Mr 



Mr, Barclay also raised the same species from a packet of 
New Holland seeds, given him by Mr. Stillwell of Dork- 
ing. It has been raised also from seeds received from New 
Zealand. 

Has been hitherto cultivated in the greenhouse, where it 
blossoms in May and June, but has not as yet produced 
seeds. 



The outline figures show the calyx, stamens, and pistil, the petals being 1 
removed ; and a full-grown leaf. 




F2677. 



AA k fH *4 it K4m 



( 2677 ) 

patersonia 6lauga. long-scaped 
Patersonia. 

Class and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. hypocrateriformis, regularis : tubo gracili : limbo 6- 
partito, laciniis interioribus minutis. Filamenta connata. 
Stylus capillaris, apice saepissime tumido. Stigmata 3, 
laminaeformia, indivisa. Capsula prismatica. Sem. nume- 
rosa. R. Brown. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Patersonia glauca ; scapo filiformi foliis linearibus striatis 
longiore, spathis multifloris, laciniis corollae intemis 
inconspicuis, stigmatibus patulis serrulatis. 

Patersonia glauca ; stigmate erecto, styli apice parum in- 
crassato inarticulato, spathis subtrifloris striatis sca- 
poque tiliformi fere dimidio breviore glabris, foliis 
linearibus convexiusculis, marginibus carinaque ba- 
seos nudis. Br. Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl. p. 304. Roem. 
et Sch. Syst. Veg. \.p. 404. 

Patersonia glauca ; scapo filiformi spathisque striatis, 
foliis linearibus compressis glaberrimis, stigmatibus 
erectis obtusis. Spreng. Syst. Veg. I. p. 168. 

Genosiris fragilis. Labill. Nov. Holl. I. p. 13. t. 9. 



Desc. Herb in every part smooth. Leaves linear, elon- 
gated at the point, striate, at the base broader, compressed 
and embracing one another distichwise. Scapes very slen- 
der, often nearly twice the length of the leaves, rounded 
and very little flattened. Spathe terminal, bearing many 
blue flowers in succession : Tube filiform and very brittle : 

Limb 



Limb spreading : three outer laciniae oblong-oval, termi- 
nated with a small white point : three internal laciniae 
erect, very minute, indeed nearly obsolete. Stamens three: 
filaments short, united : anthers oblong, nearly erect. 
Style overtopping the anthers : Stigmas three, petal-formed, 
spreading, flat, minutely serrate at the edge. Capsules 
several, included within the persistent, 2-valved spathe, and 
separately covered by thin membranaceous spathelets, 
nearly an inch long, three-sided, three-celled, with two rows 
of oval smooth seeds in each cell, which are seen through 
the sides of the capsule. 

This is evidently a different species from Patersonia 
sericea (supra No. 1041 .) nor does it, we are sorry to observe, 
entirely agree with the characters of glauca, as given in 
Brown's Prodromus ; yet we are not willing unnecessarily 
to consider it as a distinct species ; should it hereafter be 
thought so, the name of longiscapa may be applied to it. 

Patersonia belongs to Linn2eus's Natural Order of En- 
satce, the Iridees of Jussieu. Native of New South Wales 
and Van Diemen's Island. Raised by Robert Barclay, 
Esq. of Bury Hill. Flowers in the greenhouse, in May and 
June, and produces abundance of blossoms in succession. 



* 

**}& 







12678. 



Wmiwer&rJqxl, 



( 2678 ) 

Dracophyllum gracile. Slender 
Dracophyllum. 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Col. bi- vel ebracteatus. Cor. tubulosa, limbo 5-partito, 
patenti, imberbi. Stamina epipetala v. hypogyna. Squa- 
mul<z 5, hypogynae. Capsula placentis ab apice columnae 
centralis pendulis, solutis. R. Brown. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Dracophyllum gracile; ramis floriferis spica ovata multo- 
ties longioribus, foliis caulinis subulato-lanceolatis 
patulis recurvisve ; rameis appressis. Brown Prodr. 
Fl. Nov. Holl. p. 556. Roem. et Sch. Syst. Vex 4 
p. 386. * & ' 

Epacris gracilis. Poir. Encycl. Bot. Suppl. 2. p. 556. 



Descr. A low shrub, with straggling branches clothed 
with lanceolate, recurved leaves, sheathing the stem at 
their base, mucronulate and subpungent, collected at the 
extremities of the sterile branches into green globular 
heads. The peduncles, or flowering branches, are clothed 
with closely adpressed, erect, sheathing leaves or bractes. 
Flowers white, collected in terminal, ovate, compact heads, 
crowned with green, subulate leaves, or bractes. Calyx 
two-bracted, sessile, green, five-leaved : leaflets lanceolate, 
acute, hairy on the outer side and striped on the inner, 
equal to the tube of the corolla. Corolla saucer-shaped : 
limb five-cleft : lacinia? spreading, round obovate, with un- 
dulate margins : faux closed : tube cylindrical. Anthers 
included, brown. Germen nearly globular, 5-torulose : 
style shorter by half than the tube, smooth : stigma capi- 
tate 



tate. The flowers are sweet-scented, especially in the 
evening. 

Dracophyllum belongs to the Natural Order of Epa- 
CRiDEiE ; is nearly related to Epacris, and indeed, accord- 
ing to Brown, includes the genuine species of that genus, 
as established by Forster, viz. longifolia and rosmarini- 
folia; but the plants recorded under Epacris have now 
taken so firm possession of that name, that the learned 
author has chosen to adopt Labillardiere's ; and, the more 
especially, as Forster's plants are known to very few bo- 
tanists. 

Dracophyllum gracile is a native of the south coast of 
New Holland ; and was communicated to us by Robert 
Barclay, Esq. early in June, in the present year, having 
been raised in his garden, at Bury -Hill, that never-failing 
source of new and rare plants. It continues a long time in 
blossom, and though straggling in its growth, its fine heads 
of snow-white flowers make a handsome appearance. 



12679. 




i Edaira.rilf.2jgl. 



ZA.k+JCu^Hi ROwnkl . S^.IBU 



( 2679 ) 

Daviesia acicularis. Needle-leaved 
Daviesia. 

■St'- A*- A'< A', A'- A' A'- A'< A'- .A. ■St'. .4'. A'. A. A. A'. . v I ' A'- ■St''- A** 

CZass tme? Order. 

DECANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. angulatus, ebracteatus. Cor. papilionacea : carina 
vexillo brevior. Germ, pedicellaturn, dispermum. Stylus 
strictus. Stigma simplex. Legumen compressum, angu- 
latum, elastice dehiscens. Strophiola seminis postice in- 
tegra. R. Brown. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Daviesia acicularis; foliis linearibus revolutis pungen- 
tibus strictis denticulato-scabris, floribus axillaribus 
solitariis. Smith in Lin. Soc. Tr. 9. p. 255. Spren- 
gelSyst. Veg.2.p.3b2. 

Daviesia acicularis ; foliis linearibus margine callosis sub- 
revolutis pungentibus strictis denticulato-scabris, flo- 
ribus axillaribus solitariis brevissime pedicellatis. 
Decand. Prodr. Syst. Nat. Veg. 2. p. 114. 



A low., rigid, branched shrub, which bears a multitude 
of pretty flowers on very short peduncles, in the axils of 
the leaves, during the months of May and June, 

Native of New South Wales. Requires the protection 
of the greenhouse. Introduced in 1804, by George Hib- 
bert, Esq. of Clapham, where our drawing was taken. 
It is not recorded in the last edition of the Hortus Kew- 
ensis, and we doubt if it still exists in any collection in this 
country. We believe no figure of it has been heretofore 
published. 



$£680 




ED.Jitl 



Fitb by 



( 2680 ) 

PULMONARIA PANICULATA. 0L. BLUE-FLOW- 
ERED, PANICLED LUNGWORT. 

Clasp and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Cor. infundibuliformis, fauce pervia. Cat. prismatico- 
pentagonus. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Pulmonaria paniculata ; foliis caulinis ovatis acutis sca- 
briusculis, floribus paniculatis cernuis, limbo corollas 
campanulato. 

Pulmonaria paniculata ; calycibus abbreviatis quinque- 
partitis hispidis, foliis ovato-oblongis acuminatis pilo- 
siusculis. Hort. Kew. ed. /"• I. p. 181. ed. alt. 1. p. 
293. JVUld. Sfr. PL 1. p. 769. Pursh. Fl. Am. Sept. 
1. p. 131. e 

(a.) floribus cceruleis. 

(3.) floribus albis. 

Lithospermum paniculatum ; caule erecto glaberrimo, 
foliis nervosis scabriusculis acuminatis; inferioribus 
cordato-ovatis longe petiolatis ; superioribus ovato- 
lanceolatis sessilibus, floribus paniculatis, calycibus 
hispidis. Sprengel Syst. Veg. 1. p. 547. Lehm. Asperif. 



At first sight there appears to be a great similarity be- 
twixt Pulmonaria paniculata and davurica (supra n. 1743) ; 
but a little attention shews them to be very distinct, not 
only in the difference of the foliage which in the former is 
larger, broader oval, and much more rough, but also in 
the form of the corolla, the tube in davurica being cylin- 
drical and occupying two-thirds of the corolla, which in our 
present plant is almost globular, and occupies but about a 

third 



third of the whole, the upper part, or limb, being bell-sha- 
ped, not cup-shaped as in the former. The segments of the 
calyx are also longer and more acute. In our description 
of P. davurica, we remarked an approach in that species 
to Symphytum ; P. paniculata, in its habit, makes another 
approach to that genus, by having generally two leaves 
growing together at the base of the panicle. 

A hardy perennial. Native of Hudson's Bay. Commu- 
nicated by Robert Barclay, Esq. from his collection at 
Bury-Hill, who received it several years ago from the late 
Mr. Lee, of Hammersmith. Originally introduced to the 
Kew Garden, by the late Dr. Solander, in 1778. We be- 
lieve no figure of it has been before published. 



I26&1. 




Eul ly Jtu)t.-f . Wa lw~4h Sep 1816 



WtdJelU* 



( 2681 ) 
Feuill^ea pedata, Fern, Female Pedate 

FeUILLjEA. 

*********************** 

Class and Order. 
Dkecia Pentandria. 

Generic Character. 

Masc. Cat. 5-fidus. Cor. 5-fida. Stam. 5. Nect. filam. 
5„ conniventia. 

Fem. Cal. 5-fidus. Styli. 5. Pomum durum, 3 — 5-locu- 
lare, corticosum. 

Specific Character. 

PeuilLjEA pedata ; foliis pedatis dentato-repandis, semini- 
bus reticulato-venosis. Smith Mss. 



The Feuill^a pedata is a native of some part of the 
East-Coast of Africa, where, we are informed, it was disco- 
vered by M. Bojir, and has been successfully cultivated at 
the Mauritius. It is said to have spread over a large surface 
of ground there, producing 1 much fine large fruit, contain- 
ing each about a hundred seeds, the kernels of which are 
sweet and good to eat. 

Charles Telfair, Esq. superintendent of the Royal 
Garden at the Mauritius, a most zealous collector of sub- 
jects of natural history, especially of seeds, bulbs, and 
plants from Madagascar and the East -Coast of Africa, to 
whom the splendid collection at Bury-Hill is indebted for 
so many of its rarities, sent seeds of this plant to Mr. 
Barclay, in June, 1825, from which our present subject 
was raised and planted out in the stove about the latter 
end of October, and has grown so vigorously, that the 
gardener informs us, one of its shoots is now fifty-six 
feet in length. In June last, one year after the seed was 
sown, it produced several blossoms ; but for want of the 

male 



male plant, the germens fell off soon after the decay of the 
flower. 

FeuilljEA belongs to the Natural Order of Cucurbitacea, 
and is named in commemoration of Father Feuillee, a 
celebrated astronomer and botanist. The Stem is angular, 
climbing, or, when unsupported, probably prostrate like 
a gourd. Leaves alternate, pedate, of five oblong-oval 
leaflets, with waved, and distantly toothed margins, point- 
ed at both ends : the hinder ones two-lobed. Tendrils axil- 
lary or lateral, divided, longer than the petiole. Peduncles 
axillary, solitary, one-flowered, recurved. Germen inferior, 
enlarged and torulose at the base, lessening upwards, ten- 
grooved, apparently three-celled, with numerous ovules, 
in two rows in each cell. Calyx superior, very small, five- 
toothed, brown-purple. Corolla campanulate : petals five, 
distinct, wedge-shaped, with fimbriate, pubescent margins. 
Style thick : Stigma five-lobed. Imported Seed nearly or- 
bicular, compressed, about the size of a Windsor-bean, 
a little broader from side to side, than from base to point, 
covered with a reticulate-veined coat. When rubbed, the 
plant gives out a nauseous scent. 

Our friend Sir James E. Smith, being fortunately on a 
visit at Bury -Hill, at the time this plant was in flower, de- 
termined it to be an undescribed species of Feuill^ia, and 
proposed the name and character which we have adopted. 

The following extract of his letter to Robert Barclay, 
Esq. concerning his investigation of the genus, will, we 
doubt not, be acceptable to our botanical readers. 

" I found myself immediately embarrassed by numerous 
mistakes of Linnaeus and others, but these concern the ori- 
ginal species only. F. scandens^ Lin. Sp. PL 1457, to 
which Linnjeus referred Trichosanthes, n. 1. of Browne's 
Jamaica, 354, as well as his own Trichosanthes punctata, 
Sp. PL 1432, both different plants from it and from each 
other. He judged them one species, consisting of two 
varieties, figured by Burmann in Plumier's Icones, t. 209 
and 210 ; but afterwards, in the 10th edition of his Syst. 
Naturae, v. 2. 1292, he separated them, by the names of tri- 
lobata and cordifolia. I obtained, by special favour at 
Paris, a leaf of each, gathered in South America, by Plu- 
mier himself. These are distinct from any thing ever seen 
by Linnaeus ; his F. trilobata 3 as well that of the Banksian 
Herbarium being Browne's Trichosanthes, n. 1. above 
mentioned, and no Feuillaea at all. 

ff Whether Plumier's tab. 209 and 210 be distinct spe- 
cies 



cies I much doubt, and should rather reduce them to one, 
by the name of cordifolia, as marked by Linnjsus, in his 
copy of Browne, p. 374. the latter author considering them 
as one species. They are indubitably the type of the genus 
Feuill^a (Nhandiroba of Plumier's Genera, p. 20. t, 27, 
under which name, an intermediate three-lobed variety, less 
elongated at the base, like the upper leaf in Plumier's 
t. 210, is figured, in Piso and Marcgrave's Brasil, p. 46). 
See also Sloane's Jamaica, v. 1. 200. n. 22." 

(< FEuiLLiEA pedata may be defined (as above), and if the 
varieties above mentioned are considered as one species, 
it may be thus distinguished. 

" Feuill.&a cordata ; foliis simplicibus, seminibus sube- 
rosis laevibus. 

(t These characters are sufficient, unless the latter spe- 
cies should be divided, as in Syst. Nat. ed. 10." 




Jf26SZ. 



Rib by J U.rUs- W^1vo:-tkA^ r iaU\ 



( 2682 ) 

lupinus mutabilis. changeable-flowered 

Lupin. 

Class and Order. 

DlADELPHIA DECANDRIA. 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 2-Iabiatus. Antheree 5 oblongae ; 5 subrotundae. 
Legumen coriaceum, torulosum, compressum. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Lupinus mutabilis : fruticosus, foliolis septenis obovato- 
oblongis, floribus verticillatis, calycis appendiculati 
labio superiore emarginato ; inferiore integro, legu- 
minibus trispermis. 

Lupinus mutabilis ,* fruticosus, erectus, ramosus : ramis 
patentibus glaucis glabris, foliis digitatis glaucescenti- 
bus : foliolis 7 — 9 spathulato-lanceolatis obtusiusculis 
subtus subpubescentibus, calycibus subverticillatis 
inappendiculatis : labio superiore bifido ; inferiore 
carinato acuto integro. Sweet Br. Flower Garden, 130. 



Descr. Stem fruticose, quite smooth,, branched. Pe- 
duncles upright, long., rounded. Leaves digitate ; leaflets 
seven (sometimes nine), obovate-oblong, obtuse, mucronate. 
Flowers fragrant, verticillate, from three to five in a whorl ; 
pedicels inserted somewhat irregularly, so as to render the 
whorls sometimes imperfect : Calyx two-lipped : Upper lip 
emarginate : Lower-lip entire, acute : both nearly equal, 
applied closely to the Corolla, furnished at its base with 
two small, villous, reddish appendixes or bracteoles, which 
soon fall off. Vexillum nearly orbicular with reflexed sides, 
white more or less tinged with purple, base yellow. Alee 
broad, equal in length to the vexillum, concealing the boat- 
shaped acute Carina. Filaments, the upper half free, con- 
nected below. Germen smooth : stigma villous. Legumen 

' slightly 



slightly pubescent, with short closely adpressed hairs, mar- 
gins undulated, between two and three inches long, and 
above half an inch wide. Seeds mostly three, white, smooth, 
nearly globular, small in proportion to the cavities in 
which they are contained. 

Mr. David Cameron, the head Gardener at Bury Hill, 
has not as yet succeeded in keeping it through the winter, 
in the open air, but is not without hopes that he may be 
more successful next year. 

This elegant and fragrant species was raised from seeds 
received by Mr. Barclay from Begota, Columbia, and com- 
municated in flower, in August, 1825. The pod was added 
in July, 1826. May be propagated by cuttings as well as 
by seeds. 



Jm, 




h-t^UtWahrcr*. JepJUt 



C 2683 ) 

Hesperis grandiflora. Large-flowered 
Dame's-Violet. 

?% &. ^. .Sfc .Sfc M- ?V- . V V. .-^ &- >V- , v Vi .^V. >V. .^V. .^r >frj .^ >v. &. >v. 
vf? <|ff 7ft '/$? "/J? '/JT Vf.' Vjs.' vj<> yj? '/J.' vf* vy "/J." vj»' '/J»' Tfr 'Jff yj; Vf." yj*" 

CZass <m<£ Order. 
Tetrad ynamia Siliquosa. 

Generic Character. 

Siliqua tetragona vel anceps. Stigma subsessile, lobis 
conniventibus. Cotyledones incumbentes, plans. Calyx 
clausus. 

Specific Character. 

Hesperis grandiflora ; foliis radicalibus oblongo-ovatis 
obtusis ; caulinis lanceolatis, racemis multifloris con- 
gestis, pedicellis patentibus calyce longioribus. 



This beautiful undescribed species of Hesperis was 
communicated by our friend Aylmer Bourke Lambert, 
Esq. seven or eight years ago, from his garden at Boyton ; 
but our memoranda having been mislaid, we are not now 
able to state its native Country or any further particulars. 



( 2684 ) 

CltlNUM PROCERUM. TALL RANGOON 

Crinum. 

.-fc &■. . v l / . . v l / . A'. A'. A'- A'. A", A'- A'. .4^ A'. A'- A'. ^ .^ ?l\ A*. 
7f? "/Xs* '/f. v]S VJ>." vfc VJv" "/■JS" Vf," *<|n" VJs vfr ■/$? vfr. vf. */In vV >t> <K 

Cfass awrf Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 
Supra 2606*.— Vide 2292 et 2463. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Crinum procerum ; bulbo crasso, breviter columnari ; foliis 
suberectis, quinquepedalibus, 6-uncias latis, margine 
laevi ; scapo viridi, sub-bipedali ; spatha marcescente ; 
umbella J 5 — 25-flora; pedunculo et germine semun- 
cialibus, viridibus ; tubo quinqueunciali, viridi ; limbo 
sub-quinqueunciali, albo, extus pallide rubro striato ; 
genitalibus rubris basi alba ; stylo filamentis breviore ; 
stigmate parvulo, albo. 

Crinum procerum. Dr. Carey Mss. Nobis in Appendice 
p. 22. et Supra Spec. Enum. 2231. W. H. 



This fine Crinum., amongst the first in magnitude, is a 
native of the Birman Empire, in the neighbourhood of 
Rangoon, from whence it was brought into cultivation by 
Dr. Carey, to whose kindness we are indebted for bulbs 
thereof, transmitted to the Spofforth collection from Cal- 
cutta. He informs us, that it thrives there freely, increasing 
in the same manner as C. pedunculatum and the Bengal 
amamum, by the splitting of the main bulb into two equal 
parts. It is remarkable for its thick short columnar stem, 
and its tall broad upright leaves. Its flowers are very like 
those of the mules between C. canaliculatvm and capense. 
It is impatient of damp in confined air, and the bulbs first 
sent were thus lost. 

We have been lately favoured with a bulb of Dr. Carey's 

C. verecundum, 



C.verecundum, which is round, and about the size of ajruz- 
num. He states it to increase so slowly, that he possesses 
but one other bulb of it, probably the only other in culti- 
vation. He has also sent us two spontaneous mule Crina, 
produced in his garden, one from Capense, the other from 
Canalifolium. The greater part of the known Crina being 
now collected in his garden, it must be expected that they 
will frequently intermix their pollen. To the 30 hybrid 
Crina, enumerated p. 2592 and append, p. 27, may be 
added some in the stove of Anthony Bacon, Esq. from zey- 
lanicum, apparently by erubescens, 'though his gardener, as 
we think, erroneously states them to be by amabile. C. zey- 
lanico-pedunculatum has flowered at Highclere, having in 
every respect the appearance of an inferior variety of ama- 
bile, with smaller and paler flowers, fully confirming our 
suspicion that amabile is a mule, between Zeylanicum and 
some large species, probably procerum. We have found 
the pollen of Amabile, angustum, and submersum always 
sterile. In our account of C. macrocarpon, p. 2231, by an 
error of the press, Ranjoor is printed for Rangoon. The 
feature by which Crina, when not in flower, may be most 
easily distinguished, is, the point of the leaf, which varies 
very little in different individuals of the same species or the 
same hybrid intermixture. From the point of the leaf we 
decide that Mr. Bacon's mules cannot be by amabile. 
t ew plants exceed m beauty C. Scabro-capense planted out 
against the front wall of a stove, where it will produce 
about five flower-stems yearly, with fifteen or eighteen 
flowers on each. We have often had seed from mules be- 
tween the old Crina and the portion longifolite of the plants 
united to Cnnum from Amaryllis, but no advance to fruc- 
tification from mules between longifolice and ornatce ; which 
shews how little those, who resisted their union with 
Cnnum and retained them in genus Amaryllis, understood 
their real affinities. IV. H. 



K2685. 




Fuh. hy. Siurtir. Waburti- 



( 2685 ) 

ISMENE CALATHINA. BASKET-FLOWERED 
ISMENE. 

********************* 

Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Scapus solidus. Corona staminifera. Tubus curvatus, 
cylindricus. Filamenta brevia, tria in coronam deflexa, 
tria inferiora implexe conniventia. Semina carnosa, ro- 
tunda, viridia. 

Plantce Americana, foliis autumno depereuntibus. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Ismene calathina ; bulbo subrotundo, foliis 2§-pedalibus 
viridibus, sub-obtusis, 2^-uncias latis, infra vaginan- 
tibus. Scapo viridi, rhomboideo, bipedali; spatha 
viridi, triunciali ; umbella 4 flora bracteata ; germine 
trigono, sessili ; tubo 4£-unciali, cylindrico, curvato, 
costato, sulcato, viridi ; laciniis 4-uncialibus, albis • 
tribus externis viridi apiculatis, f-uncia? latis; inter- 
nis obtusis, canaliculatioribus, angustioribus ; corona 
triunciali, extus alba, intus viridi-costata et inferne 
virente, lobis sex interstamineis, unciam latis, barbatis, 
erosis, reflexis ; filamentis albis, infra viridibus, de- 
currentibus ; antheris brevibus, aureis, incumbentibus ; 
stylo declinato apice recurvato, limbo parum breviore, 
apicem versus virescente ; stigmate rotundato, parvulo ; 
capsula trigona, trisulca, trivalvi. 

Pancratium calathiforme. Redoute liliac. 353. 

Pancratium calathinum. Bot. Reg. 215, Jigurd pessimd. 

Ismene calathina. Nobis in Append, p. 46. W. H. 



The genus Ismene is distinguished from Hymenocallis and 
Pancratium by a curved tube, and round green seeds, and 
from Hymenocallis by its short conniving filaments, of 

which 



which the upper three dip into the cup. The filaments of 
Pancratium connive, and we have seen them dip in a broad- 
leaved variety of P. maritimum; but those of Hymenocallis 
are lax and diffuse. The seeds of Pancratium are black 
and testaceous ; of Hymenocallis green, fleshy, and oblong. 
Seedlings of Hymenocallis come to maturity in a year or 
two, those of Ismene and Pancratium are very tedious and 
will not flower for many years. The figure of this plant in 
the Bot. Reg. is very inaccurate; the tube and the lobes of 
the crown are improperly represented straight instead of 
curved. The curvature of its tube is, however, very decided, 
and forms an important generic feature. The species of 
Ismene are, 1. Amancaes; 2. calaihina; 3. nutans; which 
last is figured in this work, No. 1561, under the name of 
P. calathinum, which was afterwards corrected. It is also 
the P. narcissiflorum of Jacquin. We suspect the state- 
ment, that nutans came from Brazil, to be inaccurate. It 
was brought over from South Carolina by Fraser, under 
the name of V.fiuitans. I. Calathina comes from Brazil, 
Buenos Ayres, and Chili. The genus Ismene requires 
complete rest and drought in the winter ; it thrives in the 
greenhouse, if not started too early in the season, better 
than in the stove. The leaves of Ismene calathina are 
blunter than those of Amancaes. W. H. 



a. The whole plant diminished, o. a seed. 



HABRANTHUS AD VENA. 

We have flowered the Chilian A. advena, supra No. 1125, imported with 
Phycella ignea, and we are satisfied that it belongs to the genus Hahranthus, 
though it differs a little from the species of the Eastern coast. W. H. 



RZG86- 




Vlllnh^t. SmL. 



Pui hy f CiirUs . WaJ-ire rth. C^riALi . 



( 2686 ) 

bromelia zebrina. white-barred 
Bromelia. 

********************* 

Class and Order. 

HEXANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Generic Character. 
Vide supra, No. 2392. 

Specific Character. 

Bromelia zebrina ; caudice brevi, durissimo, stolonifero, 
parasitico; foliis tripedalibus, 3-uncias latis, canali- 
culars, obtusis, dentato-spinosis, albo transverse temere 
striatis; caule albo,, farinoso, nutante; bracteis plu- 
ribus sexuncialibus, latis, pulcherrime roseis ; floribus 
15 — 30 pendentibus, sessilibus, laxe spicatis ; calyce 
albo, farinoso, 3-partito ; laciniis |--uncia3 longis, ob- 
tusis, basi tubulosa, glatidulosa ; corolla viridi-lutea, 
2^-unciali, breviter revoluta, squamis sex laciniarum 
basi affixis ; genitalibus fasciculatis, caeruleo-virescen- 
tibus; stylo 2^-unciali, staminibus longiore; stigmate 
lobis tribus ^-uncialibus ; filamentis tribus casteris 
brevioribus, inter squamas altius insertis, aliis tribus 
longioribus inter corollae lacinias summo calycis tubo 
insidentibus ; antheris sub-f-uncialibus, filiformibus, 
viridescentibus, oblique insidentibus ; germine sub-£- 
unciali, albo, farinoso, gibbose costato, subtus conca- 
vo, dorso rotundato, lateribus gibbosis; ovulis nume- 
rosis, circiter triginta in loculis singulis. W. H. 



This beautiful parasite was cut with a portion of the 
wood from the stem of a great tree in the neighbourhood 
of Rio Janeiro. Its hard and knotty stumps adhere inse- 
parably to the trunk, at least they are not easily parted by 
a hammer and chisel. By the posture of the leaves when 

imported 



imported, the plant seems to have grown upon the side of a 
nearly upright trunk. Another species with similar bractes 
and pendulous spike, but differing widely in other respects, 
accompanied it from the same quarter, but did not survive 
the voyage. Our plant flowered in the stove at SpofForth, 
in June, being planted in a small pot of peat on a warm 
flue. The growth of the inflorescence is singularly rapid. 
Twenty-four hours after its point had emerged from the 
leaves, it was in the state represented in our sketch. Our 
dissection shews the scales and insertion of the filaments. 
The scales of this genus have been inaccurately stated to 
alternate with the filaments. There is certainly a scale 
between each two ; but the scales are in fact the bifid termi- 
nation of the lobes of the horny tube of the calyx, which 
adhere to the segments of the corolla. Three of the fila- 
ments are inserted between the pairs of scales into the 
lobes of the tube, three lower down between the laciniae 
and lobes which adhere to them into the mouth of the tube. 
The leaves of this species are most singularly barred at 
uncertain intervals with white. W. H. 



a. Section shewing the inside of the tube of the calyx, the scales, and the 
insertion of the filaments, b. the whole flower. 



Izsm. 




WJE**m*j, 



ynl&MJt- 



( 2687 ) 

Phycella ignea, var. j3. glauca. Fiery 
Phycella, glaucous-leaved variety. 

*********************** 

Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Scapus cavus. Germen pedunculo declinatum, trigo- 
num, triloculare. Tubus brevis, declinatus, arctus. Co- 
rolla anguste* campanulata, laciniis convolute imbricantibus. 
Filamenta summo tubo inserta, decurrentia, apice sursum 
curvata, interna longiora, majora. Stylus devexe porrectus. 
Stigma simplex apice fimbriate. Ovula biseriatim curau- 
lata, complanata. Anthera breves, versatiles, incumbentes. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Phycella ignea, bulbo oblongo nigro ; foliis obtusis, ca- 
naliculatis, pedalibus, semunciam latis ; scapo purpu- 
rascente ; spatha marcescente ; pedunculis 1 — 2-unci- 
alibus ; genuine viridi, loculis 26-spermis ; corolla 
infra lutea, supra saturate coccinea ; genitalibus corolla 
longioribus, supra coloratis ; polline aureo ; filamen- 
torum exteriorum basi aculeis binis subulatis in fauce 
tubi positis munita. 

(a.) foliis viridibus. 

Amaryllis ignea Bot. Reg. 809. 

Phycella ignea, ib. 928. p. 2. 

Amaryllis cyrtanthoeides, supra 2399 ? 

(p.) glauca. 



Several roots of var. (3, the subject of this article, were 
sent to Spofforth by R. Gowen, Esq. who received them 
from Valparaiso. Our specimen is from the nursery of Mr. 
Mackay, who has imported many of them from St. Jago. 
The bulb from which the figure of var. a. was made in the 
Bot. Reg. is now in the Spofforth collection, and differs in 
having green leaves, rather more channelled ; in both they 

are 



are tipped with red wjien young, and we perceive no differ- 
ence in the flowers. The bulbs require complete rest in 
winter. The filaments, which correspond with the outer 
petals, are furnished with two little awl-shaped processes, 
adhering to their base, at the mouth of the tube. They 
appear to us to be modifications of the membrane, like 
the beard in Hippeastrum, and we think it very doubtful 
whether species will not be found in which they will be 
wanting, and we cannot agree with Mr. Lindley, who calls 
them six sterile additional filaments., and gives them a most 
important place as such, in the generic character. For the 
same reason, we did not mention in our appendix, the pro- 
cesses or modifications of the membrane in Lycoris aurea, 
and in genus Pyroleirion, because we could not rely upon 
them as generic features. 

Phycella belongs to the division Hippeastriformes (see 
Amaryllidearum synopsis, supra 2606*) and will stand be- 
tween Zephyranthes and Clinanthus. In the Coll. Bot. 
Mr. Lindley quoted Clinanthus luteus, as a synonym to 
Chlidanthus fragrans, and the editor of the Bot. Reg. fol- 
lowing him, accused us of having made two genera of one 
plant. Clinanthus luteus (Pane, luteum, Pa von in Herb. 
Lambert.) is, however, quite distinct from Chlid. fragrans, 
in proof of which, we deposited our specimen of the latter, 
in Mr. Lambert's herbarium, where the difference has been 
fully recognized. We may take this opportunity of obser- 
ving, that we were also unjustly accused (Bot. Reg. p. 611.) 
of having mistaken particles of pollen, for fimbriae on the 
stigma of Lycoris aurea. The representation in our ap- 
pendix is, however, perfectly correct : we have re-examined 
the plant, and the fimbriae are visible even to the naked eye, 
looking like fine down. Amaryllis Cyrtanthoeides (supra 
2399), is, undoubtedly, a Phycella; our specimen was evi- 
dently in a sickly state, and we cannot now distinguish it 
from ignea, var. «. IV. H. 



a. The flower with the laciniae stripped off. b. section the inside of the tube 
and the bristles, c. the inside of one cell. d. particle of pollen magnified. 
e. one of the bristles magnified, no ways resembling a filament. 




$26 M- 



ft Semitrt • 



\,l tfXturtu KOm.,ih 0,tUl6. 



( 2688 ) 

Crinum capense, var. riparia. Cape 
Crinum, Black River variety. 

Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 
Supra 2606*.— Vide 2292 et 2463. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Crinum capense, bulbo ovate elongato ; foliis loratis, te- 
nuissime elongatis, canaliculars, glaucis, margine 
scabris ; scapo 2 — 3-pedali ; umbella 2— 17-flora ; 
pedunculis 1 — 3-uncialibus ; tubo flaccide curvato ; 
limbo auguste infundibuliformi tubo breviore ; stylo 
filamentis longiore ; genuine polyspermo. 

Crinum capense, supra 2121. 5. Nobis in App. p. 23. 

Crinum longifolium. Thunb. prod. 59. 

Amaryllis iongifolia, supra 661. L' Heritier Sert. Angl. 
13. Hort. Kew. 1.419. ed. 2. 2. 227. Jacq. ic. rar. 
364, ejusd. coll. 4. 205. ejusd. fragm. 3. t. 2. Jig. 1 . 
Redoute liliac. 347. Willd. Sp. PL 2. 56. (excluso 
Linnaeo cum synonymis suis Ammocharin falcatam in- 
telligente) Ker j. sc. and the A. 2. 366. Bot. Reg. 
546. 

Amaryllis bulbisperma. Burnt. Prod. 9. 

Amaryllis capensis. Miller Diet. ed. 8. n. 12. 

(a.) rubro-sutfusa. Supra 661. 

(J3.) alba. 

(y.) albescens, livido-striata. 

(J.) riparia. Bot. Reg. 546. 

Amaryllis riparia. Burchell Catal. Mss. 

Crinum riparium, nobis in App, 23. 

Obs. — var. y. maxima cit. Bot. Reg. 546, ib. cum Jig. 303. v. 
longifiora, nobis in append. Crinum longiflorum, proculdubio 
hybrida est inter C. capense et eruhescens. W. H. 

This 



This beautiful plant was found by Mr. Burchell on the 
banks of the Nu-gariep, or Black-river, lat. 29° 30' S. 
long. 24° 48' E. growing in situations similar to those 
occupied by the common yellow flag (Iris Pseudacorus), 
and frequently under water when the river rises above its 
usual level. We considered it at first to be distinct from 
C. Capense, the imported plant having fewer-seeded cells 
and a trifid stigma ; but in our specimen, a seedling raised 
from it, we find the obtuse dilated stigma, and we have 
seen a seedling from C. capense, a, in which the ovules were 
much less numerous than usual. C. capense has generally 
about thirty ovules in each cell, var. riparia not above four- 
teen. Riparia, if not a distinct species, is a permanent 
local variety, reproducing itself by seed. It is called minor 
in the Bot. Reg. from a weak specimen ; but our plant, 
though a seedling, flowering for the first time, has leaves 
near four inches wide, the scape near a yard high, and pe- 
duncles three times as long as there represented. It flow- 
ered in the open border at Spofforth in June, and again in 
July. 

Amaryllis longifolia (supra 661) is indubitably a Crinum, 
and interbreeds freely with the various individuals of that 
extensive genus, but with no other plant. The statement 
p. 661, that its seeds resemble those of A. vittata is quite 
unfounded ; they are similar to those of other Crina. The 
name longifolia was not intended for this plant by Linnjeus, 
and had been applied to an oriental Crinum by Dr. Rox- 
burgh ; we therefore adopted Miller's name, Capense. It 
is very hardy ; we have seen the water frozen three inches 
thick for a fortnight, in a shallow pond, round the neck of 
the bulb, without materially injuring it. The mules which 
will be probably soon obtained, between this fine variety 
and pedunculatum, will much resemble amabile, and will 
flower in the open ground. W. H. 



X°2689. 






( 2689 ) 

POTENTILLA ATRO-SANGUINEA. DEEP 
BLOOD-COLOURED POTENTILLA. 

************************* 

Class and Order. 

ICOSANDRIA POLYGYNIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Rosacejb. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cal. decemiidus, segmentis alternis minoribus. Petala 
5. Pericarpia receptaculo sicco affixa. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Potentilla atro-sanguinea ; caule erecto pubescente ra~ 
moso, foliis ternis petiolatis superne sessilibus foli- 
olis ellipticis profunde serratis subtus niveo-tomen- 
tosis, stipulis magnis ovatis, petalis obcordatis (atro- 
sanguineis). 

Potentilla atro-sanguinea. Lod. Bot. Cab. t. 786. Don, 
Prodr. Fl. Nepal, p. 232. De Cand. Prodr. v. 2. 
p. 579. 



Descr. Plant varying in height from one to two 
feet, erect, much branched above ; branches terete,, pubes- 
cent, whitish. Leaves, all of them ternate ; the leaflets all 
sessile, or only the terminal one shortly petiolate, ellip- 
tical, deeply serrated at the margin, the serratures often 
tipped with purple, bright green above and scarcely pubes- 
cent, white and tomentose beneath ; the lower leaves upon 
long footstalks, the upper ones gradually become sessile 
and smaller, passing into toothed bracteae. Flowers ter- 
minal, pedicellate. Calyx, with the segments ovate, the 
five outer inserted on the outside of the inner, alternating 
with them and remote from each other, patent, green ; the 
inner ones, as soon as the petals have fallen, close over the 
fruit and meet so as to form a cone ; they are purplish 

green 



green ; all are hairy. Petals longer than the calyx, obcor- 
date, large and showy, and of that brilliant deep bright 
blood-red colour which no pencil can imitate and no words 
describe. Stamens twenty, placed with great regularity, 
three at the base of each inner calycine segment, and one 
at the base of each petal : Filament purple: Anther black; 
pollen bright yellow. Germens fifteen to twenty, yellowish. 
Styles long, filiform, purple. 

This charming plant, which, in the brilliancy of its 
blossoms far exceeds those of P. nepalensis of the Exotic 
Flora, was noticed, under the description of that species, 
as existing in Mr. Lambert's Herbarium. About the same 
period, it was published by Mr. Loddiges, in his Botanical 
Cabinet, under the name here adopted. 

Our gardens are indebted for the seeds of this plant to 
the excellent Dr. Wallich. It should be protected in 
the winter under a common frame : but it blossoms freely in 
the summer months in the open air, and will, probably, 
eventually prove quite hardy in our climate : — and, cer- 
tainly, a more truly ornamental plant can scarcely be con- 
ceived. Like the P. nepalensis, this is also a native of 
Nepal, being found, as stated by Mr. Don, at Gosaingthan. 



Fig. 1. Stamens. 2. A pistil, — magnified. 



( 2690 ) 
Gloxinia hirsuta. Hairy Gloxinia. 

******************** 

Class and Order. 

DlDYNAMlA ANGIOSPERMIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Pedalineje. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cat. superus, 5-phyllus. Cor. campanulata : limbo ob- 
lique Filamenta cum rudimento quinti imo tubo corolla? 
inserta. Caps. 1-locularis. Recept. 2, biloba, lateribus 
inserta. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Gloxinia hirsuta s foliis ovato-rotundatis rugosis hispidis 
crenatis, scapis aggregatis unifloris, corolla infundibu- 
liformi. 

Gloxinia hirsuta. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. 1. 1004. 



Descr. Leaves, according to Mr. Henry Shepherd, 
springing almost immediately from the root, and lying hori- 
zontally upon the ground, shortly petiolated, four to six 
inches long, ovato-rotundate, rugose with the numerous 
anastomosing veins, and, upon the surface, as well as the 
margin, clothed with white, long, and rather rigid hairs, the 
margin itself coarsely crenated. Flowers springing in clus- 
ters from the root, three or four rising and expanding at the 
same time, each upon a scape of about two inches in length,, 
which is hispid all round. Calyx inferior, tubular below, 
hispid, five-lobed, the lobes lanceolate, erecto-patent. Co- 
rolla between two and three inches long, infundibuliform, 
pale blue and pubescent externally, the limb spreading, 
five-lobed, the two upper lobes smaller, the three inferior 
ones large, all with dark veins : the interior of the tube is 
yellowish, with darker spots. Stamens four, didynamous, 
included ; filament curved ; anthers united in pairs, some- 
what 



what kidney-shaped, one-ceiied, white. Germen halt supe- 
rior, ovate, hairy, surrounded by five small glands, taper- 
ing upwards into the glabrous, filiform, white style, which 
is as long as the tube of the corolla. Stigma, dilated pel- 
tate, white. 

Communicated from the collection of Mrs. Arnold 
Harrison, at Aigburgh, near Liverpool, by Mr. Henry 
Shepherd. It was introduced to our country from Brazil, 
by William Harrison, Esq. of Rio. 

The plant has the habit of Gloxinia, but it has neither 
the same shaped corolla, nor the fifth barren filament of 
that genus. The form of the corolla, indeed, corresponds 
with that of the East Indian Cyrtandra of Dr. Jack, in 
the fourteenth volume of the Transactions of the Linnaean 
Society, p. 25 : but there, two of the stamens are always 
imperfect. Perhaps when we shall become acquainted 
with the fruit of this rare plant, it will be found to con- 
stitute a genus different from any hitherto published. It 
requires the heat of the stove. 



Fig. 1. Corolla laid open and somewhat magnified. 2. Back view. 
3. Front view of the Anthers. 4. Pistil, with the glands at the base.— All 
more or less magnified. 



N°2691. 




( 2691 ) 

Cactus polyanthos Free-flowering 
Cactus. 

********************* 

Class and Order. 

ICOSANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Nopale,e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cal. e squarais numerosis, imbricatis, superus. Petala 
numerosa calyci inserta, interiora majora, basi coalita. 
Stigma multifidum. Bacca umbilicata, unilocularis, poly- 
sperma. Semina intra pulpam nidulantia. Div. Opuntia. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Cactus polyanthos; articulis obovatis spinis subtenuibus, 
majoribus subulato-setaceis (fuscescentibus) patulis, 
minoribus circinnatis setaceis. 

Opuntia polyanthos. Haw. Syn. PL Slice, p. 100. 

Cactus Opuntia polyanthos. De Cand. Plantes Grasses, 
t. 138. 

Cactus Opuntia,, y, polyanthos. Pers. Syn. PL v. 2. p. 23. 



Descr. StemSj in our plant, two to three feet high, 
proliferously branched : joints from two to four inches 
long, obovate, compressed, dark green, with numerous 
clusters of spines of two kinds, the largest five to eight in 
number and four or six lines long, subulato-setaceous, 
standing out in a very patent manner, the smaller ones are 
short, setaceous, and form a circle around the base of the 
larger ones. The Flowers are rather large, showy, ter- 
minal, in our specimens one or two on a joint, in De Can- 
dolle's figures many are represented from the same joint. 
Calyx ; scales small, brownish, but gradually passing into 
the large sulphur-yellow petals of the corolla. Stamens 
numerous, erect, shorter than the petals, uuited at the base 

alonar 



along with the base of the petals and calyx. Anthers 
oblong, yellow. Germen large, obovate, fleshy, with scat- 
tered, distant, ciliated, fleshy scales. Style swollen and 
angular at the base, the rest columnar, scarcely reaching to 
the top of the stamens. Stigma of six, nearly erect, yellow 
segments or rays. 

A native probably of South America, and, we believe, 
an old inhabitant of our stoves, where it flowers in the 
month of July, more readily than most of the species of 
the genus. 

Professor De Candolle, who made it a variety of the old 
Cactus Opuntia, nevertheless considered that it ought, pro- 
bably, to rank as a species. With us, it is constant to all 
the marks described and figured by M. De Candolle, 
except in having a considerable number of flowers crown- 
ing the stem ; a circumstance perhaps attributable to the 
greater luxuriance of his plant. 

De Candolle observes that this species and all its affi- 
nities possess a great degree of irritability in the stamens, 
if touched or shaken when the blossoms are in perfection. 



Fig. 1. Flower, with part of the Calyx and Corolla removed to shew tbe 
stamens and pistil. 2. Section of the germen. — Both magnified. 




N"2692. 




^ 









m 



*IS del 



fitb by S. Curtu . Walworth Jfcv.iSze . 



( 2692 ) 

Cactus phyllanthus. Spleenwort-leaved 
a Cactus. 

Class and Order. 

ICOSANDRIA MoNOGYNIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Cacti. Div. Phyllanthi. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cal. e squamis numerosis imbricatis, superus. Petala 
numerosa calyci inserta, interiora rnajora, basi coalita. 
Stigma multifidum. Bacca umbilicata, polysperma. Se- 
mina intra pulpam nidulantia. 

Fruticds pingues, aphylli, saipius articulati, spinosi vel 
fasciculatim pilosis raro nudi } compressi vel angulati. Flores 
plerisque magni, speciosi. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Cactus phyllanthus ; caulibus articulatis plano-compressis 

ramosis sinuato-serratis nudis, tubo floris gracili longis- 

simo, limbo aequali laciniis lineari-lanceolatis (albis.) 
Cactus phyllanthus. Linn. Sp. PL p. 670. Willd. Sp. 

PL v. 2. p. 946. Ait. Hort. Kew. ed. 2. v. 3. p. 180. 

De Cand. PL Grasses, t. 145. 
Epiphyllum Phyllanthus. Haw. Syn. Succ.p. 197. Ejusd. 

Suppl. p. 84. 
Cereus Scolopendrii folio brachiato. Dill. Hort. Eltk. v. 

I. p. 73. t. 64./. 74. 
Phyllanthus americana sinuosis foliis, &c. Plukn. Phyt. 

t. 247. /. 5. 



Descr. Plant two to three feet high, jointed and 
branched in a proliferous manner, leafless, and destitute 
of fascicles of hairs or spines ; joints compressed, linear 
°r linear-lanceolate, fleshy, the margins deeply sinuato- 

serrate, 



serrate., the teeth, or serratures very large, obtuse ; the centre 
having a thickened rib, which is somewhat woody. From 
the sinus of the upper serratures the flower appears, solitary, 
sessile : its base is a long cylindrical, greenish, fleshy 
tube, swollen below, where it forms the gerrnen, and 
clothed with distant scattered small reddish scales, which, 
as well as the outer (eight or ten) greenish segments of the 
perianth are considered as the calyx. Petals forming the 
limb or extremity of the tube, and there spreading, linear- 
lanceolate, pure white, fragrant. Stamens very numerous, 
but inserted in a single series at the mouth of the tube, as 
long as the corolla, nearly erect. Germen inferior, fleshy, 
ovate; style much longer than the tube, rose colour, termi- 
nated by the yellow spreading stigma of about thirteen 
rays. 

Cultivated in the British gardens, according to Hortus 
Kewensis, since the year 1710 ; yet its flowers are, I believe, 
rarely produced, and the few figures that do exist of it 
in that state, give no idea of the delicacy and beauty of 
the blossom. Dillenius's plate has the flowers with a 
longer tube, indeed, but with the corolla infinitely smaller 
than in our plant : the same may be said of De Candolle's 
representation in the Plantes Grasses. Plukenet's figure, 
indifferent as is its execution, gives a better idea of the 
proportions of the flower than either of those now men- 
tioned. 

During the present summer (1826), owing probably to 
a long course of uninterruptedly fine and dry weather, we 
have had more species of Cactus flowering in the stoves of 
the Glasgow Botanic Garden than we ever remember to 
have seen before : and among them, in the month of July, 
the present species bore three blossoms, each opening in 
successive evenings, and with amazing quickness, at about 
eight o'clock in the evening, closing between three and 
four in the morning, and yielding a most agreeable, but 
not very powerful, odour. The same flower never expands 
a second time. 



Fig. 1. Anther. 2. Stigma, — magnified. 




2T°2693 




J'ui. bv S. Curat WU*wr&.JI 



( 2693 ) 

Lobelia corymbosa. Corymbose African 

Lobelia. 

******************* 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — CampanulacejE. Sect. II. Br. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-fidus. Cor. 1-petala, irregularis. Antherce cohas- 
rentes. Capsula infera, 2- s. 3-locularis. 



Specific Character. 

Lobelia corymbosa; glabra, caule debili angulato ramoso, 
foliis superioribus lineari-spathulatis inferioribus ro- 
tundatis in petiolum decurrentibus omnibus inciso- 
serratis, floribus dense corymbosis, corollis unilabiatis 
subaequaliter 5-lobis. 



Descr. Stems six to eight inches long, weak, and hence 
subdecumbent, angular, so as to be almost winged ; gla- 
brous, as is all the rest of the plant. Leaves rather dis- 
tantly placed ; the lowermost ones broadly ovate, almost 
orbicular, tapering below into a flattish footstalk of about 
its own length ; the rest are more or less spathulate, more 
linear upwards, all of them deeply inciso -serrate and mostly 
recurved. The flowers are very small, elegant, and termi- 
nate the branches in crowded corymbs of several flowers; 
each having a small linear toothed bractea at the base. 
Calyx, with its five lanceolate, subulate segments, scarcely 
half so long as the corolla. Corolla cleft to the base above, 
in such a manner, that all the five segments occupy the lower 
side of the flower, and spread in a digitated manner ; this 
gives a curious appearance to the corymb of flowers, which 
thus appears radiated: its colour is white, beautifully 

marked 



marked with transverse reddish purple blotches in the 
inside. Filaments and stamens united ; the latter bluish 
purple. Germen small, green, inferior. Style curved a 
little downwards, entirely concealed by the tube of the 
stamens. Stigma obtuse, encircled with a tuft or ray of 
hairs. 

An elegant little greenhouse plant ; native of the Cape 
of Good Hope ; flowering in the months of June and July; 
and introduced to this country by Professor Graham of 
Edinburgh, who received the seeds from Africa. 

The flowers are extremely elegant, pure white, richly 
dotted with purple ; and the corolla is strictly unilabiate. 



Fig. 1. Side view of a flower. 2. Upper view of ditto. 3. Pistil and 
calyx, — All, more or less, magnified. 



I n 2694. 




( 2694 ) 

BiECKIA CAMPHORATA. FRAGRANT ByECKIA. 

Class and Order. 
Icosandria (Octandria Sm. Pentandr. Aliorum.) 

MONOGYNIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Myrtaceje. ) 

Generic Character. 

Germen inferum, turbinatum, lobis calicinis 5-persisten- 
tibus coronatum. Petala 5, unguiculata. Caps. 3, seu 4- 
(vel 5-) locularis, polysperma. Stam. 5, 8, vel 15. (Folia 
oppositaj. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Bjeckia camphorata; glaberrima, foliis quadrifariis laxe im- 
bricatis oboyato-lanceolatis planis punctatis tenuissime 
marginatis integerrimis brevissime petiolatis, floribus 
axillaribus binis (vel solitariis) pedicellatis, stamini- 
bus 15. 

B/eckia camphorata. Brown Mss. 



Descr. Plant about two feet high in our gardens, much 
branched ; branches opposite, slender, somewhat virgate, 
clothed with pale brownish bark. Leaves about one and 
a half or two lines long, plane, obovato -lanceolate, obtuse, 
tapering at the base into a very short footstalk, entire, and 
furnished with a thin membranous narrow margin ; there 
is an indistinct central nerve, and the whole surface is 
covered with glandular dots, especially on the underside, 
which yield the fragrant smell : — these leaves are placed in 
a regularly quadriiarious manner, and are erecto-patent. 
Near the centre of the branches, and from the axils of the 
leaves, the flowers are produced : these are upon rather short 
footstalks, which are furnished with a minute bractea at the 

base 



base and above the middle, where it is caducous ; solitary 
or generally growing two together, rather small. Gcrmen 
and calyx green, distinctly dotted : the former has five cells 
each cell containing many ovules; the latter is formed of 
five rounded entire lobes. Petals nearly orbicular white 
shortly unguiculate. Stamens fifteen, three at the base 
of each segment of the calyx, incurved. Anthers reddish 
brown. Style about as long as the calyx. Stigma ca- 
pitate. ° 

A greenhouse plant; a native of New South Wales; for 
which the Glasgow Botanic Garden is indebted to the 
kindness of Mr. Aiton, who sent it from the Royal Gar- 
dens at Kew, under the name which is here adopted. The 
number of the stamens in the flowers of this plant, (fif- 
teen), and these, as far as I can see, constant to each 
blossom, give this species as good a right to rank with 
Leptospermum as with B^ckia, which has been considered 
to have five or eight stamens; and I feel myself at a loss to 
define the generic character. Sir James Smith has long 
ago observed, that jn every certain Leptospermum the leaves 
are alternate ; and Mr. Brown remarks in his learned disser- 
tation on the Botany of Terra Australis, that " he rqfers to 
B^cria, Imbricaria of Smith, and the opposite leaved 
Leptosperma." Thus constituting " an extensive Austra- 
lian genus, having its maximum in the principal parallel, 
extending to the highest southern latitude, and hardly 
existing within the tropic : one species, however, has been 
found in New Caledonia, and that from which the genus 
was formed, is a native of China." 

B^ckia camphorata* flowers in the month of July, and 
requires the same soil and treatment as the New Holland 
plants in general. 



Fig. 1. Pair of flowers from the axil of a leaf. 2. Single flower. 3. Petal. 
4. Calyx and Gernien. 5. Section of the Germen. 6. Two pairs of opposite 
leaves. 7. Single leaf. — All, more or less, magnified. 



As a species, it has considerable resemblance with the B. diosmifoli" d 
Rudge in Linn. Trans, v. 8. p. 298. t. 13; but that plant is described as 
having eight stamens, and the lobes of the calyx serrated, as well as the 



¥? 2 c 95. 




mur.dei 



( 2695 ) 

Leptospermum flavescens. Yellowish 
South-Sea Myrtle. 

Class and Order. 

ICOSANDRIA MoNOGYNIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — MvRTACE/E. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cat. 5-fidus, semi-superus. Petala 5, ungnicnlata, sta- 
minibus longiora. Stigma eapitatum. Caps. 4- vel 5-lo- 
cularis. Semina angulosa. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Lkvtosvtzrmxjm flavescens ; glabrum, foliis lineari-lanceolatis 
submucronatis obscure trinerviis, floribus ex apicibus 
ramulorum solitariis, calyce glaberrimo dentibus ro- 
tundatis coloratis, bracteis caducis. 

Leptospermum flavescens. Smith in Tr. of Linn. Soc. v. 
3. p. 262. Willd. Sp. PL v. 2. p. 949. Brown in 
Hort. Kew. ed. 2. v. 3. p. 181. 

Leptospermum Thea. Willd. Sp. PL v. 2. p. 949. 

Melaleuca Thea. " Schrad. Sert. Hannov. 2A. t. 14." 



Descr. A middling-sized shrub, with many twiggy, an- 
gular branches, clothed with reddish-brown bark. Leaves 
numerous, scattered, from an inch to an inch and a half 
long, linear-lanceolate, rather obtuse at the extremity, 
but tipped with a short mucro, obscurely three-nerved, 
glabrous (as is all the rest of the plant) and dotted, espe- 
cially beneath. The Jlowers are large, numerous, upon 
short axillary leafy branches, solitary and sessile, having 
some ovate brown scales or bracteae at the base, which are 
very deciduous. Calyx half inferior, punctated ; its five 
teeth roundish, white and snbmembranous, standing apart 

and 



and nearly erect. Petals roundish, waved, dotted, shortly 
unguiculate, pure white, turning yellowish, as Sir James 
Smith remarks, when dry. Stamens about twenty, inclined 
inwards. Anthers orange brown. Lower and inferior part 
of the Germen hemispherical, smooth, upper and superior 
part obscurely five-lobed ; Style rather thick, as long as 
the stamens ; Stig?na dilated, and five-lobed at the margin, 
umbilicated in the centre. Cells of the Germen five, each 
many seeded ; Ovules linear, curved. 

Native of New Holland, whence, according to the Hor- 
tus Kewensis, it was introduced into Britain, by Sir Joseph 
Banks; in the year 1787. Seeds of the plant, from which 
our figure and description were taken, were brought to this 
country by our friend Dr. Mac Millan, of Culross. We 
believe, however, that it is not unfrequent in gardens. Its 
flowering season is July, and it makes a very pretty appear- 
ance with its pure white flowers, nestled among the pale 
green leaves. 

The habit of this plant is exceedingly like that of Fabri- 
cia Icevigata, and the flowers scarcely seem to differ in any 
particular, but in having only five cells to the Germen. 



Fig. 1. and 2. Flowers. 3. Calyx and pistil. 4. Petal. 5. Germen, 
cut through transversely to shew the cells. 6. Ovules, attached to their re- 
ceptacle. 7- Stamen. 8. Style and stigma. 9. Leaf. — All, more or less, 
magnified. 




w J 



V. IB. del. 



hti by S. Curds. WobtortibJ; 



( 2696 ) 
Wrigiitia coccinea. Scarlet Wrightia. 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — ApocYNEiE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cor. hypocrateriformis. Faux coronata squamis decern 
(vel 5), divisis. Stam. exserta. Filamenta fauce inserta. 
Antherce sagittate, medio stigmati cohaerentes. Ovaria 2, 
cohaerentia. Stylus filiformis, apice dilatato. Stigma 
angustius. Squamce 5 — 10, basi calycis extra corolJam in- 
serta?. Folliculi distincti, v. cohaerentes, placentis adnatis. 
Br. in Wern. Trans, v. I. p. 73. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Wrightia coccinea ; foliis ovato-lanceolatis glabris., flori- 
bus terminalibus solitariis vel binis, corollis carnoso- 
coriaceis. 

Nerium coccineum. cc Hort. Benghal." Loddiges Bot. 
Cab. t. 894. 



Descr. In the stoves of our country this plant forms 
a small shrub, three or four feet high, with a few strag- 
gling branches, every where glabrous. The leaves are 
confined to the young, green, cylindrical shoots, oppo- 
site, distant, ovato-lanceolate, much acuminated, entire, 
subcoriaceous, with a central rib, and a few lateral oblique 
nerves. Flowers large, handsome, richly scented, like pine- 
apple, terminal, or frequently, apparently, axillary, from 
an innovation, single, or two together ; each upon a short 
peduncle, which has a small bractea at its base. Calyx of 
five small, rounded, imbricating, erect lobes. Corolla thick, 
carnoso-coriaceous, deeply cleft into five patent, and even 
recurved, obovate, oblique, internally deep orange-red, 

externally 



externally green, segments. At the mouth are five large 
fleshy three-lobed scales, united at their base, and adnate 
with the corolla. Stamens five, inserted into the tube. Fi- 
laments extremely short, thick. Anthers sagittate, united 
into a cone, cohering to the stigma above the middle, ex- 
ternally pubescent. Germen ovate ; Style filiform, expand- 
ing upwards, and terminating in a small bifid stigma, to 
which the anthers are attached. 

This rare plant was sent to the Glasgow Botanic Garden 
in the year 1823, by our liberal friend Dr. Wallich, under 
the name of Nerium coccineum, from the Calcutta Botanic 
Garden. To us it appears neither to have the habit, nor 
the essential generic characters of Nerium, but to agree 
much better with the Wrightia of Mr. Brown. According 
to the Hortus Benghalensis, as quoted by Mr. Loddiges, it 
is a native of Sylhet, and was thence introduced to the 
Calcutta Botanic Garden, by R. K. Dick, Esq. in 1805. 
Hitherto we have kept it in a warm stove, where it flowers 
during the months of June and July. The scent of the 
flowers is very powerful, and may not unaptly be compared 
to that of pine-apple ; or it, perhaps, more resembles a mix- 
ture of Madeira wine and strawberries. Each blossom 
continues expanded for several days, and makes a beau- 
tiful appearance. 



Fig. 1. Flower, from which the corolla has been cutaway. 2. Inside view 
of a stamen. 3. Section of a calyx and lower part of the corolla, shewing the 
pistil. — All, more or less, magnified. 



X. 2697. 




Tub iy S. curds. Wabiorth . Dec 1826 



( 2697 ) 

SOLANUM SAPONACEUM. SoAP-BERRIED 
SOLANUM. 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Solanace^s. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cal. monophyllus, persistens. Cor. monopetala, rotata. 
Anthera? oblongae, apice poris duobus dehiscentes. Bacca 
2 S 3, 4-locularis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Solanum saponaceum ; fruticosum aculeatum squamuloso- 
argenteum, foliis petiolatis lineari-oblongis integer - 
rimis, pedunculis terminalibus uni- aut paucifloris. 

Solanum dealbatum. Lindl. Mss. 



Descr. A small, erect, branched shrub, so entirely co- 
vered with minute silvery scales as to give the whole plant 
a white or hoary appearance, the upper sides of the leaves 
alone being greener than the under ones. Stems and 
branches rounded, more or less aculeated, with the aculei 
from half a line to a line long, straight, orange yellow, gla- 
brous. Leaves rather distantly placed, from one to two, 
and even three inches long, upon a footstalk about half 
an inch long, linear-oblong, quite entire, the petiole and 
underside of the midrib sometimes aculeated and sometimes 
unarmed. 

Flowers from the extremity of the branches, solitary, or 
in an imperfect raceme. Peduncle short. Calyx campa- 
nulate, 5-toothed. Corolla white, externally clothed with 
silvery scales, deeply cut into five segments, which at length 
become revolute. Stamens five : Filaments very short : 

Anthers 



Anthers long, linear, deep yellow, opening with two pores 
at the extremity. Pistil : Germen globose : Style rather 
longer than the stamens : Stigma obtuse. Berry orange- 
colour, glabrous, about the size of a large pea. 

Introduced to the Horticultural Society of London, by 
Mr. M'Rae, from Chili, and to the Botanic Garden of Glas- 
gow, from Mendoza, by Dr. Gillies. Our dried specimens, 
in the Herbarium, are from this latter gentleman, gathered, 
in November 1820, near Rio Saladillo, and the remark is 
added, that " it is the same species which is so common all 
over Mendoza, of which the unripe berries are used instead 
of soap, to wash woollens, and which are called Killo-Killo." 
It is from this peculiar property, that we have taken the 
liberty of altering the MSS. name of Mr. Lindley (S. deal- 
batum) to S. saponaceum. 

Our dried specimens prove most clearly how liable this 
plant is to vary in the number of its aculei ; some being 
almost destitute of them, whilst others have the stem, peti- 
oles, and underside of the mid-rib thickly clothed with 
them. 

Its nearest affinity is perhaps with the Sol. elceagnifolium 
of Cav.; but that has the lower leaves sinuated, the corolla 
much larger, its laciniae less deep, and its colour blue. 

In our stoves, where the plant has been hitherto culti- 
vated, it flowers in the month of October. 



Fig. 1. Calyx. 2. Stamens. 3. Pistil. — Magnified. 



\'. ?(;sh. 




I*tU> by S Curtis. Walwjrtti 



( 2698 ) 

GlLlA CAPITATA. CLUSTER-FLOWERED 
GlLIA. 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ol'd. PoLEMONIACEiE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cat. subcampanulatus, 5-fidus. Cor. infundibuliformis, 
quinquefida. Stamina fauci inserta. Stigma plerumque 
trifidum. Capsula 3-locularis, 3-valvis loculis mono-di- 
polyspenna. 

Specific Character. 

Gilia capitata ; n. sp. glabra, foliis bipinnatifidis segmen- 
ts linearibus incisis, floribus sessilibus dense capitatis. 



Descr. An annual herbaceous plant, from one to three 
feet high, every where glabrous, branched, branches slen- 
der. Leaves: those springing from the root the largest, 
bipinnatifid, four to five inches long, the segments linear- 
oblong, acute, entire or incised ; the stem-leaves less 
compound, the divisions longer and more straggling. 
Peduncles rather long, flexuose, simple, rarely branched. 
Flowers in dense heads ; each sessile, small. Calyx cam- 
panulate, green, five-toothed, the teeth acute. Corolla 
twice as long as the calyx, of a beautiful purplish blue, 
infundibuliform, cut about halfway down into five, linear- 
oblong, obtuse, nearly erect segments. Stamens; each 
inserted in the axil of the segments, purple : Filaments 
rather shorter than the segments of the corolla : Anthers 
broadly ovate, two celled : the cells opening laterally. 
Pistil : Germen globular : style nearly as long as the 
corolla : Stigma trifid or bifid, not unfrequently simple, 

purple. 



purple. Capsule globular, obscurely three-lobed, three- 
celled, surrounded at the base by the persistent calyx, 
opening with three valves, which bear the septa in the 
middle. Seeds, one or two in each cell, attached to three 
upright central plates, covered by a mucus, oval, angular. 
Embryo, with its radicle downwards, surrounded by a 
fleshy albumen. 

I had lately (October, 1826) the pleasure of seeing this 
pretty plant, which has so much the habit of a Scabiosa 
or Jasione, blossoming, in great perfection, in pots, placed 
in the open air, at the garden of the Horticultural Society, 
at Chiswick ; where my friend Mr. Lindley pointed it out 
to me as a species of Gilia, of which the seeds had been 
sent in the spring, by Mr. David Douglas, from the North- 
West coast of America. In the Herbarium of Mr. Scouler, 
who accompanied the latter in his voyage to America, I 
find specimens two and three feet high, gathered in the 
same country : and that gentleman informs me, that he 
and Mr. Douglas found it plentifully in cultivated, and, 
especially, potatoe grounds, in the vicinity of Fort Van- 
couver, at the mouth of the Columbia. 

Upon comparing the specimens with the Gilia laciniata, 
I quite agree with Mr. Lindley in considering it to belong 
to that genus ; differing only in the number of the seeds to 
each cell of the capsule, and in the stigma being some- 
times bifid, and sometimes entire. As a species, it differs 
in being glabrous, in its much smaller, sessile and crowded, 
capitate flowers. 

The genus was established by Ruiz and Pavon, in their 
Gen. PI. Fl. Per. et Chil. pag. 25, t. 4 ; but Jussieu has 
proposed uniting it, as well as Ipomopsis of Michaux, with 
Cantua, though the habit of the plants is widely different. 
In the true Guam, perhaps, the stamens will be found to 
be inserted in the axils of the segments of the corolla. 



Fig. 1. Single flower. 2. Stamen, to shew its insertion. 3. Pistil- 

4. Capsule. 5. Transverse section of ditto. 6. Capsule in the act of burst- 
ing. 7- Capsule with the valves laid open, shewing the receptacle and seeds. 

5. Seed cut open longitudinally, to shew the Emhryo and Albumen. — All 
more or less magnified. 



"N. 2699. 




( 2699 ) 

Harrisonia loniceroides. Honey-suckle- 
like Harrisonia. 

************************* 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Digynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Asclepiade^e. Div. Massce pollinis cereacese, 
erectse. Anther ce membrana terminate. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cor. urceolata 5-dentata fauce nuda. Corona staminea 
(5-phylla) foliolis dente carnosa. Folliculi ? 

Harrisonia loniceroides. 



Descr. A shrub about two to three feet high, erect, 
quite glabrous in all its parts, giving out an abundant 
milky juice wherever it is wounded. Leaves rather closely 
placed, opposite and decussate, two to three inches long, 
elliptical-cordate, rather thick, between fleshy and coria- 
ceous, veined. Flowers umbellate. Peduncle terminal, 
shorter than the leaves. Pedicels half an inch long : Calyx 
small, five-partite : the segments linear. Corolla urceolate, 
thick and fleshy, of a fine red, the limb a little spreading, 
the segments acute, oblique. Crown of the stamens of five 
pieces, each with a fleshy process or tooth. Anthers of 
two small cells, terminated by an oblong erect membrane. 
Pollen masses two, linear-oblong, geniculated, waxy, unit- 
ed by a gland at their base. Pistils two, linear, closely 
applied, and terminated by a pentangular crown. 

This interesting plant I had the pleasure of seeing, in the 
month of September of this year, 1826, in the fine collection 
of stove plants at the Liverpool garden. It was introduced 
from Brazil, by Mrs. Harrison of iEgburgh : and, unable 
to refer it to any described genus of Asclepiadeous plants, 

I am 



I am anxious to dedicate it to that lady, who has been the 
means of adorning our gardens with so many new plants, 
particularly from the territory of Brazil, and who has cul- 
tivated them with eminent success in her own collection. 



Fig. 1. Single flower. 2. Corolla laid open. 3. Tube of stamens, en- 
closing the pistils. 4. Single Stamen. 5. Interior view of the stamen, 
shewing the cells of the Anthers. 6. Pollen mass. — Magnified. 



!N. <2700. 




fab in S Curtu Walworth Dec. ISze 



( 2700 ) 

POTENTILLA SPLENDENS. SHINING NEPAL 
POTENTILLA. 

Class and Order. 

ICOSANDRIA PoLYGYNIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Rosacea. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cat 10-fidus, laciniis alternis minoribus. Petala 5. 
Pericarpia subsphaerica, receptaculo sicco affixa. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Potentilla splendens ; caule erecto piloso, foliis inter- 
rupte pinnatis foliolis ellipticis utrinque (subtus prae- 
cipue) sericeis-candicantibus argute serratis valde ner- 
vosis subplicatis, stipulis latis serratis, floribus sub- 
corymbosis (flavis), petalis late-ovatis calyce vix 
longioribus. 

Potentilla splendens. Wallich Mss. (not Ramond.J Don 
Prodr. Fl. Nepal, p. 230. De Cand. Prodr. v. 2. p. 
582. 

Potentilla fulgens. Wall, in Herb. 

Potentilla lineata. " Trevir.' 1 Sprengel Si/st. Plant, 
v. 2. p. 584. 



Descr. Wild specimens of this plant have the stems from 
eight to ten inches high, and the leaves six to eight inches 
long. In a state of cultivation, they attain to twice that 
size. The stems are erect, clothed with a thick down 
mixed with long hairs. The leaves are composed of 
many (except the upper ones) interrupted, nearly elliptical 
leaflets, thickly covered on both sides with beautiful ad- 
pressed, silky hairs, almost a pure white beneath: the 
margins are closely and sharply serrated : the nerves placed 
close to each other, parallel, and so deep, as to give the 

leaflet 



leaflet almost a plicate appearance. The stipules are very 
large, particularly the lower ones., silky, and serrated. The 
Flowers are subeorymbose, and sometimes so crowded,, as 
almost to be capitate. The outer and smaller segments of 
the calyx are almost equal in size to the inner ones, all 
silky and serrated. Petals yellow, broadly ovate, waved, 
scarcely longer than the calyx. Pistils numerous : Ger- 
men oval : Style lateral, filiform. Anthers brown, pollen 
and filaments yellow. 

Sent by Dr. Wallich to our gardens from Nepal. It 
flourishes well in the open air, and bids fair to be as hardy 
as our Pot. anserina. The foliage is, indeed, most beau- 
tiful ; being, at least when dry, almost white with silky 
pubescence : but the flowers are very insignificant, and 
few of them expand at the same time. 

The flowers appear in the latter end of summer and au- 
tumn. Our specimen was taken from the garden of the 
Horticultural Society at Chiswick ; but we believe the plant 
is now not uncommon in the collections of the curious. 



Fig. 1. Single Flower deprived of the petals. 2. Petal. 3. Stamen. 
4. Pistil. — Magnified. 




.: LB ./,-/ 



( 2701 ) 

Lobelia cerulea. Blue-flowered 
Lobelia. 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Campanulace^;. Sect. II. Br. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cat. 5-fidus. Cor. 1-petala, irregularis. Anther a cohse- 
rentes. Caps, inferae, bi- seu trilocularis. 

Specific Character. 

Lobelia c&rulea; caulebrevi basi decumbenti dense folioso, 
foliis lanceolatis dentato-pinnatifidis pubescentibus 
basi attenuatis, pedunculo terminali longissimo race- 
moso, corollae laciniis tubo longioribus, genuine su- 
pero. 



Descr. Perennial : Stems short, decumbent at the base, 
thence erect and clothed with numerous crowded erecto- 
patent, or subsecund, lanceolate, rigid, pubescent leaves, 
attenuated at the base, dentato-pinnatifid at the margin, 
with, generally, three teeth or segments on each side, on 
the lower leaves, two on the upper ones. In our specimens, 
each plant, or branch of a plant, is terminated by a single 
very long glabrous peduncle, bearing about four flowers in 
a raceme at the extremity: their flowers are, however, 
distant, subsecund, each upon a slender, bracteated pedicel, 
about an inch long. Corolla drooping, large : tube cleft 
the whole way down, above purple, reddish below ; the 
limb cut into three, large, obovate, pale purplish blue, 
spreading segments, with three small, yellow, raised marks 
at the base, each tipped with a small mucro, and two 
minute ligulate segments, which are bent back over the top 

of 



of the tube. Calyx altogether inferior,, five-partite, the 
segments lanceolate, small, appressed to the base of the 
corolla. Stamens included within the tube of the corolla. 
Anthers purple, connate, fringed at the top with white 
hairs. Germen ovate, green, superior. Style a little longer 
than the stamens : Stigma capitate, two lobed. 

This beautiful plant has many points in common with 
Lobelia coronopifolia, especially in the leaves ; but we 
think the flowers will afford sufficient marks of distinction. 
The L. coronopifolia is given in Num. 644 of this work, and 
seems to differ only from the true plant of Burmen, Afr. 
t. 38. f. 1. in having two flowers instead of one upon the 
stalk. Our plant has almost constantly four flowers upon 
the peduncle, and those, not only very different in colour 
from L. coronopifolia, but also having the segments of the 
corolla much larger, longer than the tube, and much more 
spreading. 

Our plant has the germen constantly superior, as, indeed, 
has the L. coronopifolia, not a trace of it being to be seen 
below the point of the insertion of the calyx. Mr. Brown 
has observed in his Prodromus, that some suffruticose 
African species have the capsule more than half superior. 

Native of Southern Africa : and cultivated in the green- 
house of the Glasgow Botanic Garden, as well as in that of 
Edinburgh. 



Fig. 1. Front view of a Flower. 2. Stamens, including the Style and 
Stigma. 3. Pistil, with the Calyx. — Magnified. 



N. 2702. 




Pub by S. Hirtis, Walworth Dec. I826 



( 2702 ) 

Lobelia senecioides. Blue pedunculated 

Lobelia. 

******************* 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Campanulace^e. Sect. II. Br. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-fidus. Cor. 1-petala, irregularis. Antherce cohas- 
rentes. Caps, infera, bi- seu trilocularis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. , 

Lobelia senecioides; subpubescens, foliis lineari-lanceo- 
latis interrupte pinnatifidis, pedunculis unifloris ax- 
illaribus longissimis, tubo floris subintegro, laciniis 
subregularibus. 

Lobelia senecioides. Cunningham Mss. in Hort. Kew. 

Isotoma axillaris. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. t. 964. 



Descr. A small annual, with slender, nearly erect, zigzag 
downy stems. Leaves distantly placed, three to four inches 
long, scarcely pubescent, linear lanceolate, patent or re- 
curved, decurrent at the base, pinnatifid, with the segments 
slender, patent, alternately smaller. Peduncles axillary, 
solitary, single-flowered, three to six inches long, glabrous. 
Corolla between hypocrateriform and infundibuliform ; with 
the tube an inch and a half or two inches long, narrowed 
below, pale yellowish, curved, cleft only a little way on the 
upper side ; the limb cut into five nearly equal, lanceolate, 
spreading, purplish-blue segments, pale at the back, yellow 
at the very base within. Stamens five: Filaments coher- 
ing, and united with the tube of the corolla near its middle : 
Anthers protruded, deep purple, connate, slightly hairy, 
with a small ligulatc appendage on the upper side at the 

extrcrnitv 



extremity, the two lower ones terminating each in a bristle- 
shaped point ; but these are so closely united, that they 
may readily be mistaken for a single hair or bristle. Ger- 
men oblongo-obovate, inferior, ribbed, crowned with the 
five subulate, somewhat toothed segments of the calyx, 
almost entirely inferior. Style longer than the anthers, 
curved: Stigma capitate, two lobed. Young Capsule two- 
celled, with numerous, oblong ovules or young seeds at- 
tached to a central receptacle. 

The seeds of this graceful and curious species of Lobelia 
were gathered by Mr. Allan Cunningham, at Batlmrst, New 
South Wales, and by him introduced into his Majesty's 
garden at Kew, with the name of Lob. senecioides ; under 
which appellation we know that it has been, by Mr. Aiton, 
liberally distributed to other gardens. That name should, 
therefore, unquestionably be retained in preference to the 
one given in the Botanical Register, by Mr. Lindley (t. 
964). We shall rejoice to see the remarks upon the old 
genus Lobelia, which our valued friend, under that article, 
promises to the public ; for scarcely any genus requires 
a more careful revision : and we know that Mr. Lindley 
will do justice to the subject. With regard to the division 
of Lobelia, which Mr. Brown calls Isotoma (the 5th divi- 
sion, at p. 565 of Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl. Cor. hypocrateri- 
formis, tubo integro, limbo parum inaequali. Anthera im- 
berbes (2 inferiores mucronatae). Flores racemosi.) and 
which Mr. Lindley adopts for the genus of the present 
plant, it does not appear to accord so well with it as Mr. 
Brown's 4th Division, — I' Cor. subaequalis, infundibuli- 
formis, tubo apice fisso. Anth. imberbes (2 inferiores mu- 
cronatae.) Pedunculi scapiformes, uniflori." Our native 
specimens of Lobelia (Isotoma) hypocrateriformis, from 
King George's Sound, possess a much more regular and 
truly hypocrateriform corolla than the present individual. 

We possess also native specimens of our L. senecioides, 
gathered by Mr. F baser in fissures of granite rocks near 
Bathurst, which differ in no respect from our cultivated 
ones, but in being much smaller, more shrubby, and with 
the peduncles shorter. 



Fig 1. Flower. 2. Stamens, with the Style and Stigma. 3. Capsule. 
4. Section of ditto. — Magnified. 




JhUr by S. Curtis. Wa&PortA , £>ec, 1$26 



( 2703 ) 

Trichosanthes tuberosa. Tuberous- 
rooted Trichosanthes. 

Class and Order. 

MoNCECIA TRIANDRIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Cucurbitace^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Masc. Cal. 5-dentatus. Cor. 4-partita, ciliata vel divisa. 
Stam. 3. 

Rem. Cal. 5-dentatus. Cor. ut in mare. Styl. trifidus. 
Pepo oblongus. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Trichosanthes tuberosa ; foliis tripartitis laciniis inferiori- 
bus bipartitis, corollae segmentis bifidis laciniis lineari- 
bns bifidis, fructu oblongo, radice tuberosa. 

Trichosanthes tuberosa. Willd. Sp. PI. v. 4. p. 6&1. Ait. 
Hort. Kew. ed. 2. v. 5. p. 341. Sm. in Rees Cycl. 

Trichosanthes corniculata. Lam. Diet. v. I. p. 191. 

Ceratosanthes tuberosa. Spreng. Syst. Veg. v. 3. p. 18. 

Trichosanthes foliis palmatis integerrimis, florum petalis 
bicornibus. Plum. Ic. t. 24. 



Descr. Root a large rounded tuber, producing from its 
summit the long flagelliform, slender, striated, glabrous, 
green, climbing, and scarcely branched stems. Leaves 
distantly placed upon petioles about an inch and a half 
Jong, formed of three deeply cut, linear-oblong, divaricat- 
ing lobes, acute at the points, the lower ones with a smaller, 
lateral, unidentate lobe at the base, glabrous above, slightly 
pubescent beneath, the margins entire. Tendrils long, 
simple, from the side of the petiole. 

Peduncle 



Peduncle of the male flowers, two to three inches long, 
with a cluster of about five to six flowers at the extremity! 
Calyx an inch long, tubular, green, glandularly pubescent, 
a little swoln at the base and spreading at the top, where 
it has five subulate teeth. Corolla of one petal, white, the 
tube intimately united, and incorporated with the tube of 
the calyx ; the limb free, spreading, cut into five long seg- 
ments, which are deeply bifid, the divisions linear, forked 
at the extremity. Anthers three, sessile, inserted within 
the mouth of the corolla ; their sides cohering by the late- 
ral cells. Pollen yellow. The female flowers and fruit I 
have not seen; but according to Plumier's figure, the 
latter is oblong, about an inch and a half long, striated, 
four-celled. 

This plant does not, indeed, well accord with the generic 
character of Trichosanthes, as the corolla cannot be said 
to be fringed. There can be no doubt, I think, of its 
being the Trichosanthes petalis bicornibus of Plumier, 
although, as Sir James Smith remarks, the resemblance to 
horns was, probably, a deception. 

Native of the West Indies ; and flowers in the stove, in 
September. 



Fig. 1. Interior view of the Calyx, shewing the Stamens. 2. Stamen. 
3. Base of the Calyx. 4. Segment of the Corolla.— Magnified. 



X. .'704. 




Tub bu S. Curtis Walworth 



( 2704 ) 

Phylica spicata. Spike-flowered 
Phylica. 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Rhamne^. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cal. corollinus, 5-fidus. Antheree sub squamis fornicatae. 
Stigma simplex. Capsula 3-cocca, calyce plerumque co- 
ronata. 

Specific Character. 

Phylica spicata ; foliis sparsis linearibus margine revolutis 
subtus niveo-pubescentibus, floribus dense spicatis 
oblongo cylindraceis tri-bracteatis, bracteis ciliatis, 
perianthio extus sericeo-pubescente. 



Descr. A small slender shrub, with twiggy branches, 
which, while young, are greenish and pubescent. Leaves 
scattered, rather remote, ail but the upper ones patent, or 
even reflexed, linear, somewhat acute, semicylindrical, 
above dark green and shining, the margins revolute, leav- 
ing, on the under-side, a narrow groove or furrow, which is 
white, with a short thick pubescence. Upper leaves erecto- 
patent, gradually passing into the bracteee. Spike about 
two inches long, of numerous crowded quite sessile flowers, 
each of which is subtended by one large and two (lateral) 
small leaf-like bracteee, which are strongly ciliated with 
white hairs. Perianth small, white, of a rather thick and 
fleshy texture, clothed on the outside with a silky pubes- 
cence,, shortly infundibuliform ; the limb of five spreading 
segments, marked in their inside with the impression of the 
concave scales which close the mouth of the perianth, and 
which in fact are the small petals of the corolla : within 

them 



them the minute heart-shaped anthers are concealed, seat- 
ed upon a very short filament. Germen obversely ovate, 
inferior : Style as long as the tube of the perianth, having" 
its small acute stigma embraced by the anthers. 

A native of the Cape of Good Hope, whence our seeds 
were received which produced plants in the Glasgow 
Botanic Garden ; flowering in the month of August, 1826. 

It appears to be very different from any hitherto de- 
scribed species of the genus, although approaching perhaps 
nearest to the common Ph. ericoides. 



Fig. 1. Flower, with its bractea. 2. Ditto, without the bractese, and 
shewing the situation of the scales or petals. 3. Flower laid open, to shew 
style and stamens, and more particularly the nature of the scales. 4. Upper 
aide of a leaf. 5. Lower ditto. — All more or less magnified. 



INDEX, 

In which the Latin Names of the Plants contained in the Fifty-Third 
Volume are Alphabetically arranged. 



PI. 

2651 
2654 
2636 
2660 
2623 
2626 
2065 

2659 
2667 
2671 
2694 
2686 
2691 
2692 
2643 
2615 
2632 
2653 
2649 
2638 
2676 
2647 
2656 
26^3 
2622 
2644 
2609 
2611 
2675 
2646 
2688 
2636 
2684 
2635 
2655 
2637 
2679 
2678 
2624 
2681 
2620 
2627 
2698 
2608 
2690 
2014 
2661 
2685 
2639 
2699 



Acacia quadrangularis. 
Acomtum Anthora. 
Amaryllidearum Synopsis, nota ad. 
Andromeda buxifolia. 
Anthericum sulphureum. 
Asphodelus tension 
Astragalus Onobrychis, var. tenui- 

folius. 
Astranthus cochinchinensis. 
Azalea indica, var. y. 
Banksia aemula. 
Baeckia camphorata. 
Bromelia zebrina. 
Cactus polyanthos. 

phyllanthns. 

Caladiuiu grandifolium. 
Calanthe veratrifolia. 
Campanula infundibuliformis. 
■ ruthenica. 



speciosa. 

Cassia aversiflora. 
australis. 



Cineraria discolor. 
Cleome Candelabrum. 
Colchicum crociflorum. 
Colutea nepalensis. 
Commelina deficiens. 
Convolvulus dahuricus. 
Cornutia punctata. 
Cornus mascula. 
Coronilla iberica. 
Crinum capense, var. riparia. 

humile. 

— — procerum. 

strictum. 

Crocus lagenapflorus. 
Cypella Herberti. (]xig. 2.) 
Daviesia acicularis. 
Dracophyllum gracile. 
Euphorbia globosa. 
Feuillaea pedata. 
Fuchsia arborea. 
Gardenia rlorida, var. 
Gilia capitata. 
Gladiolus alatus, P. 
Gloxinia hirsuta. 
Gomphrena perennis. 
Grevillea linearis, var. incarnata. 
Habranthus advena. (pag. 2.) 

— ■ angustus. 

Harrisonia loniceroides. 



ovalifolia. 



PL 

2637 Hedychium carneum. 

2668 Helianthus atrorubens. 

2669 Heliotropium curassavicum. 
2683 Hesperis grandiflora. 
2672 Hibbertia corifolia. 

2621 Hymenocallis litoralis. 
2645 Ipomoea bignonioides. 

2628 splendens. 

2685 Ismene calathina. 
2664 Kennedia coccinea. 
2658 Laurus Camphora. 

2695 Leptospermum flavescens. 
2701 Lobelia caerulea. 

2693 . corymbosa. 

2702 senecioides. 

2682 Lupinus mutabilis. 

2630 Melastoma villosa. 
2613 Nauclea Adina. 

2629 Nepenthes Phyllamphora. 

2612 Nuttallia digitata. 

2619 Passiflora fcetida. 

2677 Patersonia glauca. 

2687 Phycella ignea, var. glauca. 

2704 Phylica spicata. 

2025 Pbysalis viscosa. 

2633 Phytolacca icosandra. 
2642 Pitcairnia albiflos. 

2(557 furfuracea. 

2650 Piqueria trinervia. 

2616 Plantago brasiliensis. 
2648 Peeonia sessiliflora. 
2689 Potentilla atro-sanguinea. 

2700 ■ splendens. 

2680 Pulmonaria paniculata. 
2663 Rhamnus latifolius. 

2634 Sanseviera longiflora. 

2631 Saxifraga cuscutiformis. 
2618 Solanum platanifolium. 

2C97 saponaceum. 

2674 Spartium aetnense. 

2640 Stenomesson curvidentatum. 

2G41 flavum. 

2666 Thymus nummularius. 
2703 Trichosanthes tuberosa. 

2670 Valantia taurica. 

2617 Virgilia intrusa. 

2610 Wachendorfia paniculata, /3. 

2696 Wrightia coccinea. 
2652 Xylophylla montana. 
2662 Yucca glauca. 

2607 Zcphyranthes Candida. 



INDEX, 



In which the English Names of the Plants contained in the F\fty-Thii4 
Volume are Alphabetically arranged. 



PL 
2651 Acacia, square-stalked. 
2662 Adam's-Needle, Glaucous-leaved. 
2660 Andromeda, Box-leaved. 
2623 Anthericnm, Pale-yellow. 
2626 Asphodel, Slender-leaved. 
2667 Azalea, Cluster-flowered Indian. 
2694 Baeckia, Fragrant. 
2671 Banksia, Rival. 
2632 Bell-flower, Funnel-shaped. 

2649 Sbewy. 

2653 Taurian. 

2609 Bind-weed, Daurian. 
2622 Bladder-Senna, Nepal. 
2686 Bromelia, White- barred. 

2674 Broom, Three-seeded. 

2691 Cactus, Free-flowering. 

2692 Spleenwort-leaved. 

2643 Caladium, Large-leaved. 
2615 Calanthe, Hellebore-leaved, 
2658 Camphor-Tree. 

2638 Cassia, Contrary -flowered. 

2676 New-Holland. 

2647 Cineraria, Hoary. 
2656 Cleome, ChandefleK 

2644 Commelina, Two-petaled. 

2608 Corn-flag, Winged : Algoa Bay var. 
2611 Cornutia, Dotted-flowered. 

2675 Cornelian-Cherry. 
2646 Coronilla, Iberian. 

2688 Crinum, Cape : Black-river variety. 

2636 Humble. 

2684 Tall Rangoon. 

2635 Upright. 

2655 Crocus, Pale Gourd-flowered 
2683 Dame's- Violet, Large-flowered. 
2679 Daviesia, Needle-leaved. 
2678 Dracophyllum, Slender. 
2681 Feuillaea, Female Pedate. 
2620 Fuchsia, Laurel-leaved. 
2627 Gardenia, or Cape Jasmine, Oval- 
leaved. 
2637 Garland-Flower, Flesh-coloured. 

2698 Gilia, Cluster-flowered. 
2690 Gloxinia, Hairy. 

2614 Gomphrena, Perennial. 
2661 Grevillea, Flesh-coloured linear- 
leaved. 
2639 Habranthus, Narrow. 

2699 Harrisonia, Honey-suckle-like. 
2672 Hibbertia, Coris-leaved. 

2621 Hymenocallis, Sea-shore : narrow- 
leaved variety. 



PL 

2628 Ipomoea, Silky-leaved. 

2645 Trumpet-flower-like. 

2685 Ismene, Basket-flowered. 

2664 Kennedia, Many-flowered scarlet. 
2701 Lobelia, Blue-flowered. 

2702 Blue pedunculated. 

2693 Corymbose African. 

2680 Lungwort, Blue-flowered panicled. 
2682 Lupi'i, Changeable-flowered. 
2673 Meadow-Saifron, Crocus-flowered. 
2630 Melastoma, Villous. 
2695 Myrtle, Yellowish South-Sea. 
2613 Nauclea, Myrtle-leaved. 

2618 Nightshade, Plane-tree-leaved. 
2612 Nuttallia, Digitate-leaved. 

2665 Onobrychis, Russian narrow -leaved, 

2619 Passion-flower, Stinking. 
2677 Patersonia, Long-scaped. 
2648 Peony, sessile-flowered. 

2687 Phycella, Fiery : glaucous-leaved va- 
riety. 
2704 Phylica, Spike-flowered. 

2633 Phytolacca, Tall. 
2657 Pifcairnia, Mealy. 

2642 White. 

2650 Piqueria, Three-nerved. 
2629 Pitcher-plant, Ventricose. 

2616 Plantain, Brasilian. 

2689 Potentilla, Deep blood-colonred. 

2700 Shining Nepal. 

2663 Rhamnus, Broad-leaved Azorian. 

2634 Sanseviera, Long-tubed. 
2631 Saxifrage, Dodder-like. 
2652 Seaside-Laurel, Mountain. 
2697 Solanum, Soap-berried. 

2624 Spurge, Roundish-jointed. 
2659 Star-flower, Chinese. 

2668 Sun-flower, Dark-purple-eyed. 
2640 Stenomesson, Curved -toothed. 

2641 Slender-toothed. 

2666 Thyme, Marjoram-leaved. 

2703 Trichosanthes, Tuberous-rooted. ; 

2669 Turnsole, Glaucous-leaved. 

2670 Valantia, Fragrant. 

2617 Virgilia, Small-flowered. 

2610 Wachendorfia Panicled : Naples- 
yellow variety. 

2625 Winter-Cherry, Clammy-berried. 
2654 Wolf's-bane, Wholesome. 

2696 Wrightia, Scarlet. 

2607 Zephyranthes, Peruvian.