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Full text of "Curtis's botanical magazine."

CURTIS'S 

BOTANICAL MAGAZINE; 
ffilotott &attttn Sigplanrtn 

In wliich the most Ornamental Foreign Plants cultivated in the Open Ground, 

the Green -House, and the Stove, are accurately represented and coloured. 

To which are added, 

THEIR NAMES, CLASS, ORDER, GENERIC AND SPECIFIC CHARACTERS, 
ACCORDING TO THE SYSTEM OF LINN^US ; 

Their Places of Growth, Times of Flowering, and most upprored 
Methods of Culture. 



CONDUCTED 



By SAMUEL CURTIS, F. L. S. 



THE DESCRIPTIONS 



By WILLIAM JACKSON HOOKER, L. L. D. 

F. R. A. and L. S. and Regius Professor of Botany in the University 
of Glasgow. 



VOL. VII. Q 

OF THE NEW SERIES; 
Or Vol. lx. of the whole Work. 



" Who can paint 
Like Nature? Can Imagination hoast 
Amid his gay creation, hues like these, 
And lay them on so delicately fine, 
And lose them in each other?" 



LONDON : 

Printed by Edward Coucbman, 10, Throgmorton Street ; 

FOR THE PROPRIETOR, SAMUEL CURTIS, 

AT THE 
BOTANICAL MAGAZINE WAREHOUSE, QLAZKItWOOD, NEAR COGGESHALL, ESSEX : 

Also by Sherwood, Gilbert, & Piper, 23, Paternoster Row; J. & A. Arcb, Cornhill; Treuttel, & Wurtz, 

Soho Square; Blackwood, Edinburgh; and in Holland, of Mr. Gt. Eldering, Florist, at Haarlem : 

And to be had of all Bookseller) in Town and Country* 



i83a 



TO 

THE RIGHT HONORABLE 

THE COUNTESS OF DALHOUSIE, 

OF DALHOUSIE CASTLE, &c. &c. 

WHO, 

NOTWITHSTANDING 

THE VARIED DUTIES OF HER EXALTED STATION, BOTH IN 

THE CANADAS AND IN BENGAL, 

HAS RENDERED 

ESSENTIAL SERVICE TO BOTANY BY HER EXTENSIVE COLLECTIONS, 

AND BY THE INTRODUCTION OF MANY INTERESTING SPECIES 

TO THE GARDENS OF THIS COUNTRY, 

THE PRESENT VOLUME 

IS INSCRIBED, 

WITH SENTIMENTS OF THE HIGHEST RESPECT, 

BY HER FAITHFUL 

AND OBEDIENT HUMBLE SERVANT, 

W. J. HOOKER. 



Glasgow, Dec. 1, 1833. 



$206. 




/!//. (V A /,r'Y'< 6hm*B*—d Sjtor . Jan J.JU*. 



( 3206 ) 

Gloxinia speciosa, var. albiflora. Showy 
Gloxinia ; White-flowered variety. 

********************** 

Class and Order. 

DlDYNAMIA ANGIOSPERMIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Gesnerie^. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cal. superus, pentaphyllus. Cor. campanulata : litnbo 
obliquo. Filamenta cum rudimento quinti imo tubo co- 
rollae inserta. Caps. 1-locularis. Recept. 2, biloba, late- 
ribus inserta. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Gloxinia* speciosa; subacaulis, foliis ellipticis crenatis 
pubescenti-hirsutis, pedunculis erectis flore longiori- 
bus, corollas tubo inflato. 

Gloxinia speciosa. Loddiges, Bot. Cab. t. 28. Bot. Reg. 
t. 213. Bot. Mag. t. 1937. 

(/3.) floribus albis. 



The usual, or purple-flowered state of this plant has 
been already figured and described, both in the Botanical 
Magazine and Register. It remains for us to give a repre- 
sentation of the white-flowered variety of this plant, which 
we believe is yet uncommon in the stoves of this country, 
though a pale-purple-blossomed kind is not unfrequent. 



* So named by L'Heritier, in honour of Dr. Benjamin Peter 
Gloxin of Colmar, who had published on Martynia and some allied 
Genera. 



VOL. VII. 



3207. 




If.J H.Jel 1 



Puh by $ Curtts CUmmtmi Stun JafiUX5!> 



( 3207 ) 

Lobelia mucronata. Sharp-pointed 
Lobelia. 

******************** 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Lobeliace^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Corolla tubo hinc fisso (raro integro) ; limbo 5-partito : 
Antherce coiinatae. Stigma bilobum (nunc indivisum). 
Capsula bilocularis (raro 3-locul.), apice supero bi- 
valvi. Br. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Lobelia mucronata; foliis sparsis sessilibus oblongo-lan- 

ceolatis serrulatis utrinque pubescentibus mucronatis, 

racemo brevi subfolioso laxo. 
Lobelia mucronata. Cav. Ic. v. 6. p. 516. t. 516. Schultes 

Syst. Veget. v. 5. p. 43. Spreng. Syst. Veget. v. 1. 

p. 710. 



Descr. Root perennial. Stem erect, herbaceous, two 
and a half to three feet high, simple, slightly downy, pur- 
plish-red. Leaves numerous, scattered, sessile, by no means 
amplexicaul, oblong or oblongo-lanceolate, three to four 
inches long, minutely serrated, tipped with a short point 
or mucro, downy and very soft to the touch on both sides : 
colour a pale green, tinged with red, especially at the mid- 
rib beneath. Raceme terminal, short, lax, of twelve or 
fourteen spreading, large, and richly-coloured flowers, sub- 
tended at the base by bracteas which are, below, large and 
foliaceous, above smaller, more or less tinged with purple. 
Calyx : tube short, somewhat angled, downy, with five 
nearly equal acuminated teeth. Corolla bright crimson, 

downy, 



downy, pale in the bud., slit on the upper side for nearly its 
whole length, through which the style and column of sta- 
mens are more or less protruded, limb deflexed, five-cleft, 
and somewhat two-lipped. Combined filaments, a cylin- 
drical, slender tube, reddish. Anthers lead -coloured. 

Seeds of this very beautiful plant were communicated to 
the Glasgow Botanic Garden from Chili, the native country 
of the species, by Alexander Cruckshanks, Esq., and 
blossoms were produced in the greenhouse in August, 1832. 
Like the Lobelia Tupa it will probably be found to be 
hardy enough in England to bear the open air, and will 
then prove a great acquisition. It is, however, a much 
smaller plant than that, in all its parts, bearing a much 
shorter and more lax raceme of flowers, but which are 
equally brilliant in point of colour. It does not appear to 
be known to any author except Cavanilles, who has given 
a very accurate figure of it in the work above quoted. 




/w y,- 1 AHb fj*r fm ^ x 



( 3208 ) 

Cryptophragmium venustum. Stately 
Cryptophragmium. 

Class and Order. 

DlANDRIA MoNOGYNIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Acanthace^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cat. 5-partitus Kqualis. Cor. bilabiata vel ringens, tubo 
erecto. Stam. 2, lateri infero tubi inserta. Antheras bilo- 
cellatae,, antice maxime contiguae rimaque simplici dehis- 
centesj loculi fundo septo communi bilamellato diviso. 
Capsula tetragona, bilocularis, septo adnato^ polysperma, 
a basi seminifera. Semina retinaculis sustensa. — Inflores- 
centia ; racemi vel spicae secundte, vel glomer ato- subvert i- 
ciUatcB. Bracteas et bracteolas parvce, subeequales. Nees 
v. Esenb. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Cryptophragmium * venustum ; spica terminali composita 
brachiata, foliis ellipticis in petiolum alate decurrenti- 
bus denticulatis scabris, corolla calyce multo longiore. 
Nees. 

Cryptophragmium venustum. Nees von Esenb. Acanth. 
Ind. Orient, in Wall. PI. Asiat. Rar. v. 3. p. 100. 

Justicia venusta. Wall. PL Asiat. Rar. v. I. p. 53. t. 66. 
Ejusd. Catal. n. 2470. a. b. 



Descr. A shrub, according: to Dr. Wallich, attaining a 
height of four to five feet in its native country, with a 

slightly 



* From xpun-Tof, concealed, and pp»y/A0{, a partition, from the concealed 
dissepiment of the anther. 



slightly branched, but rather stout stem, branches four- 
sided. Leaves opposite and decussate, the full grown ones 
a span or more in length, ovate, acuminate, obscurely ser- 
rated, rounded at the base, and then suddenly attenuated 
into a broadly -winged and waved petiole, scabrous on both 
sides : the midrib sends off numerous parallel and nearly 
transverse nerves, and these again lesser ones or veinlets, 
which anastomose with them. Panicle terminal, large : 
peduncle and pedicels four-sided, downy. Flowers hand- 
some, arranged in distichous, yet subsecund spikes on the 
ultimate ramuli. Calyx small, ovate, five-partite, the seg- 
ments nearly equal, narrow-lanceolate, straight or slightly 
incurved. Corolla an inch and a half long : the tube 
straight, pale purple, the limb deep-purple, white in the 
centre, cut into two patent lips; upper lip in two, lower 
in three, linear-oblong segments. Anthers white, promi- 
nent. Style white, a little longer than the stamens, slightly 
thickened upwards : stigma small, two-lobed. 

A folio plate were scarcely sufficient to do justice to the 
large panicle of this beautiful plant, which Dr. Wallich 
declares to be the loveliest of its tribe with which he is 
acquainted. The colour of the limb of the flowers is a 
peculiarly rich purple, but they are too much scattered on 
a single branch of the panicle to give the effect produced 
by the entire panicle. It was discovered in the mountains 
ofPandua on the eastern boundary of India, and cultivated 
in the Calcutta Botanic Garden in 1825, whence Dr. Wal- 
lich introduced it to the English Gardens, through that of 
the Horticultural Society of London in 1828. Its flower- 
ing season in the stove of the Glasgow Botanic Garden is 
October. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Stamens and portion of the Style : magnified. 



320G. 







numri 



.Vwt & 



( 3209 ) 

Epidendrum Harrisoni^e. Mrs. Harrison's 
Epidendrum. 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Mgnandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchideje. ) 

Generic Character. 

Columna cum ungue labelli longitudinaliter connata in 
tubum (quandoque decurrentem ovarium). Masses pollinis 
4, parallels septis completis persistentibus distinctae, basi 
filo granulato elastico auctae. Br. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Epidendrum Harrisonice; caule folioso, foliis distichis line- 
ari-oblongis undulatis obtusis., pedunculo elongato 
bracteato terminali, racemo subumbellato, petalis tri- 
bus exterioribus ellipticis, 2 interioribus lineari-oblon- 
gis, labello profunde trifido, segmentis cuneato-ob- 
longis obtusis,, intermedio lacinula reflexa bilobo. 



Descr. Parasitic. Stem elongated, bearing many dis- 
tichous, coriaceous, linear-oblong, somewhat waved leaves, 
sheathing at the base, blunt at the extremity. Beyond the 
leaves, the main-stem is elongated and incurved, and forms 
a terminal peduncle, somewhat compressed, and clothed 
with many sheathing, acuminated, membranaceous, com- 
pressed bracteas. Flowers large, of a pale, delicate green, 
whitish in the centre, arranged in a corymb-like raceme. 
Petals patent ; the three outer ones the largest, elliptical, 
obtuse, the two inner ones linear-oblong. Labellum pa- 
tenti-reflexed, the lower part combined with the semicylin- 
drical column; thence suddenly dilated and deeply three- 
cleft, the segments oblongo-cuneate, the middle one the 

broadest, 



broadest, and having a small point suddenly refiexed, 
which makes the middle segment appear two-lobed. At 
the base of the lip are two small tubercles. Anther small, 
half-immersed. Pollen-masses, as in all the Genus, yellow. 
This is a fine and very distinct species of Epidendrum, 
allied in size and general mode of growth to E. nutans, 
but very different in the form of the labellum. It was 
communicated from the stove of Mrs. Arnold Harrison, of 
Aigburgh, having been detected in Brazil by her brother, 
Mr. William Harrison. 



Fig. 1. Under side of the Lip. 2. Pollen-masses : magnified. 



rrjio. 




/k* ir .1 iurtu GUblemmd Em*. Jam IttSi 



W* 



( 3210 ) 

Melaleuca Fraseri. Mr. Fraser's 
Melaleuca. 

******************** 

Class and Order. 

POLYADELPHIA PoLYANDRIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Myrtace^. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cah/cis tubus subhemispha?ricus, limbus 5-partitus. Pe- 
tala 5. Staminum phalanges totidem elongata?, petalis 
oppositae. Stylus filiformis. Stigma obtusam. Antherce 
incumbentes. Capsula calycis tubo incrassato et ramo basi 
adnato connata et inclusa, 3-locul., polysperma. Semina 
angulata. — Arbores aut Frutices, plurimte ex Nova Hol- 
landia, paucte ex India Orient. Folia alterna aut opposita, 
basi eequalia. Flores omnino sessiles aut subadnati, spica- 
ti aut capitati, albi,Jlavidi aut purpurascentes. D C. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Melaleuca Fraseri; foliis alternis lineari-subulatis com- 
pressis enerviis patenti-recurvis mucrone acuminatis 
basi attenuatis, spicis ovali-globosis terminalibus, pha- 
langibus 12 — 14-andris, unguibus corolla longioribus. 



Descr. A lowly, much branched shrub, with many short, 
opposite, or subverticillate branches, bearing, generally, 
towards their extremities, rather crowded, alternate, quite 
glabrous, linear-subulate, compressed, reflexo-patent leaves, 
slightly attenuate at the base, acuminate with a mucro at 

the 



* ixthcts, black, and Ktv*a<;, white; the same as Cqja-puti, or white tree, the 
name of the original species in the Malay language, and thence also called 
Leucadendron and Arbor alba. 



o'JIO. 




fki *r S Curt, j GbttaamJ fsra. Ax I /IS3 



( 3210 ) 

Melaleuca Fraseri. Mr. Fraser's 
Melaleuca. 

******************** 

Class and Order. 

POLYADELPHIA PoLYANDRIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Myrtace*:. ) 

Generic Character. 

Catycis tubus subhemisphaericus, limbus 5-partitus. Pe- 
tala 5. Staminum phalanges totidem elongatae, petalis 
oppositae. Stylus filiformis. Stigma obtusam. Antherce 
incumbentes. Capsula calycis tubo incrassato et ramo basi 
adnato connata et inclusa, 3-locul., polysperma. Semina 
angulata.- — Arbores aut Frutices, plurimce ex Nova Hol- 
Iandia, paucee ex India Orient. Folia alterna aut opposita, 
basi eequalia. Flores omnino sessiles aut subadnati, spica- 
ti aut capitati, albi,fiavidi aut purpurascentes. D C. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Melaleuca Fraseri; foliis alternis lineari-subulatis com- 
pressis enerviis patenti-recurvis mucrone acuminatis 
basi attenuatis, spicis ovali-globosis terminal ibus, pha- 
langibus 12 — 14-andris, unguibus corolla longioribus. 



Descr. A lowly, much branched shrub, with many short, 
opposite, or subverticillate branches, bearing, generally, 
towards their extremities, rather crowded, alternate, quite 
glabrous, linear-subulate, compressed, reflexo-patent leaves, 
slightly attenuate at the base, acuminate with a mucro at 

the 



* f****f, black, and Xit/xo?, white; the same as Caja-puti, or white tree, the 
name of the original species in the Malay language, and thence also called 
Leucadendron and Arbor alba. 



the point: the surface under a microscope is minutely 
dotted, and there are besides several (comparatively) large 
and oblong, pellucid dots, when dry striated : — not unfre- 
quently, by a twist at the base of the leaves, they become 
vertical. Flowers collected into a spike, of a broadly oval, 
or subglobose outline, at the extremity of the branches, 
only terminated by two or three annotinous shoots. Base 
of the calyx where it is accrete with the germen and stem, 
very downy : limb of five broadly-ovate, rather small, erect, 
green teeth. Petals five, obovate, concave, erect, white. 
Stamens all nearly equal in height, combined into five 
phalanges, each of about thirteen filaments, whose com- 
bined portions or claws are much longer than the corolla, 
and occupying about half the length of the filaments them- 
selves : all of a delicate rose colour. Style about as long 
as the stamens. 

From the greenhouse of the Glasgow Botanic Garden, 
where it was received from the late Mr. Fraser, Colonial 
Botanist at Sidney, New South Wales, under the name of 
Melaleuca genistijblia : but the plant so called by Smith 
(Ex. Fl. t. 55,) is very different, having much broader 
leaves, and the stamens of a totally different character ; 
nor does our plant accord with any described species, 
whence I have been led to name it in compliment to the 
person to whom we are indebted for its possession. 



Fig. 1. Leaf. 2. Flower. 3. Petal. 4. One of the five bundles of Sta- 
mens. 5. Anther and summit of a Filament : magnified 



5211. 




Imw JWASU Jtt> 



fui h- t, l\,rh. 



Mttmr Ja*. / CJSI ', 



JW»> 



( 3211 ) 

SCILLA VILLOSA. HAIRY-LEAVED SQUILL. 

******************** 

Class and Order. 

Hexandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Asphodele^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Corolla subrotata. Stamina aequalia, basi petalis adnata. 
Capsula supera, trilocularis. Semina globosa. Spreng. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Scilla villosa; foliis lanceolatis laxis villosis, racemis co- 

rymbosis, bracteis lanceolatis pedunculis aequantibus. 

Spreng el. 
Scilla villosa. Desf. FL Atl. v. 1. p. 299. t. 85. f. 2. 

Sprengel,Si/st. Veget. v. 2. p. 67. Sckultes, Si/st. Veget. 

v. 7. p. b66. 



Descr. Bulb ovate, coated, about the size of a small 
onion, truncated below with a prominent, sharp border, 
from within which, many strong, wrinkled, nearly straight 
roots descend, their subdivisions spreading and villous. 
Leaves (three inches long, half an inch broad) about four, 
all radical, spathulato-lanceolate, attenuated at the base, 
and there concave in front, nearly flat above, spreading, 
more or less ciliated, with rather long, but unequal spread- 
ing hairs, and more sparingly villous on the upper surface, 
glabrous below, and purple in the lower half; involute at 
the apex, giving the appearance of a mucro. Scape (an 
inch and a half long below the first pedicel) erect, shorter 
than the leaves, nearly round, glabrous, pale green. Brac- 
tece (seven lines long) single, lanceolate, attenuated at the 
apex, persisting. Racemes corymbose, few- (five to seven-) 
flowered ; pedicels erect, stout, resembling the scape, each 
springing from the axil of a bractea, embraced by it at the 
base, and equal to it in length in the native specimens, in 

the 



the cultivated plants twice as long as it. Corolla (nine lines 
across,) of six petals, spreading ; petals ovate, attenuated 
at the base, each with a small tuft of crystalline tomentum 
at the apex, pale lilac, with a broad, deep green stripe in 
the centre below. Stamens shorter than the petals, rising 
from the leaves of these, and adhering to them by their 
backs for a little way ; filaments lilac, tumid in the middle, 
slightly concave in front and nectariferous ; anthers versa- 
tile, pollen yellow. Pistil equal in length to the stamens, 
of a dull purplish-green ; stigma small, terminal, villous ; 
Style short, conical, six-furrowed ; Germen ovate, six -fur- 
rowed, the alternate furrows hairy, triloculare the dissepi- 
ments double, being formed by a duplicative of the inner 
membrane, opposite to the hairy lines on the germen, and 
alternate with the sutures ; ovules globular, several in each 
loculament ; receptacle central. 

Specimens of this pretty little plant, which no doubt will 
bear cultivation in a warm border in the open air, I receiv- 
ed from my friend Dr. Dickson in 1831, having been gath- 
ered by him in the neighbourhood of Tripoli. Among the 
specimens, some of the bulbs yet retained life : these were 
planted in the stove, at the Botauic Garden, Edinburgh; 
and flowered there in November, 1832. Graham. 



Fig. 1. Back view of a Petal. 2. Fronst view of ditto, with a Stamen. 
3. Capsule : magnified. 



5213. 




I'ubh- S. Curtis 8atewvodE*t< ./■■■■ 



( 3212 ) 

POMADERRIS BETULINA. RlRCH-LEAVED 
POMADERRIS. 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Rhamne^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cal. semi-adherens, 5-fidus. Pet. 5 squamiformia, con- 
cava, rarius nulla. Sta?nina lobis cal. alterna iisque brevi- 
ora, in petalorum cavitate juniora abscondita. Discus 
nullus. Stylus brevissimus, triqueter. Stigmata S. Cap- 
sula 3-cocca, 3-sperma, cocculis interne planinsculis fora- 
rnine maximo per membranam tenuem tardius solutam 
clauso instructis. Semina erecta — Arbusculae aut Frutices 
e Nova Hollandia orti, foliis alternis sublus incanis, habitus 
Ceanothi ad quoad Genus valde accedit. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Pomaderris* betulina; florum capitulis subpaniculatis, foliis 
ovalibus obtusis supemc glabriusculis penninerviis 
subtus ferrugineo-lanatis, floribus apetalis. Cunningh. 

Pomaderris betulina. Cunningh. MSS. 



Descr. A slender, much branching shrub, the old branches 
dark -gray and glabrous, the younger ones clothed with 
rusty down. Leaves numerous, shortly petiolate, oval or 
elliptical, scarcely an inch long, obtuse, slightly attenuated 
at the base, coriaceous, the margins slightly revolute, dark- 
green and nearly glabrous above, with impressed, pennated 

nerves, 



* Tlu/xa, a covering, and fypK, a skin, on account of the peculiar membra- 
nous covering to the capsule. 



nerves, beneath clothed with a dense, rusty down, deeper 
on the prominent nerves and midrib. Flowers small, col- 
lected into dense, bracteated glomeruli or capitula, which 
are sometimes on short, solitary, peduncles from the axils of 
the leaves, or they form a sort of panicle at the extremities 
of the numerous branches. Bractece membranaceous, ovate, 
concave, ferruginous, slightly downy, shorter than the 
scarcely pedicellated flowers, subinvolucrate. Calyx sub- 
campanulate, pale yellowish-white, densely hairy, the lower 
part of the tube adherent with the germen, the limb five- 
cleft, segments ovate, acute, erecto- patent, hairy at the 
base within. Petals none. Stamens alternate with the 
segments of the calyx, and longer than they. Filaments 
erect, remarkably intlexed at the extremity. Anthers versa- 
tile, oblong, yellow, two-celled. Style short: Stigma three- 
cleft, the segments linear. 

This new r species of Pomaderris was discovered by Allan 
Cunningham, Esq. in a ravine at the base of the " Pine 
Hills," near Bathurst, New South Wales, in October, 1822; 
and by the same Naturalist,' in 1823, was introduced to the 
Royal Gardens at Kew, whence flowering specimens were 
obligingly communicated by W. T. Aiton, Esq. in April, 
1832. It requires the same treatment as the New Holland 
plants in general, a soil with a considerable admixture of 
peat, and such protection from the frost in the winter as is 
afforded by a common greenhouse, or conservatory. 



Fig. 1. Capitulum of Flowers. 2. Single Flower. 3. Section of the 
lower part of the Calyx and Germen. 4. Stamen : — all more or less mag- 
nified. 



5213. 







>',r/ fir S . tnrtt-- <:/., .<-„.<-.J £ww. ,'->/, " 



( 3213 ) 

Beaumontia grandiflora. Large- 
flowered Beaumontia. 

As. At . A/ . A r . Ar. Ac. Ar . ;V . Ar . A s . Ar . A s . Ar . A s. A r . Af .Ac.AuAi.As. 

vy> vj\ /jc /j\ /j* /j\ vjs vjv /^ /jn vj\ vj\ vj\ 'F'r*r*t' *F 'i 1 

C7«ss ««d Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Apocynble. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cat. pentaphyllus, foliaceus, coloratus. Cor. campanu- 
lata, tubo brevi Jauceque esquamatis, laciniis subaequilateris. 
Stamina filiformia laxa, antheris subexsertis, sagittatis, 
medio stigmati adhaerentibus, lobis posticis polline vacuis. 
Ovarium biloculare, suffultum annulo hypogyno, quinque- 
lobo. Stigma oblongum, apicula bifida. Folliculi 2 max- 
imi, cohaerentes. Semina ad umbilicum sericeo-comosa. 
Wall. 

Specific Name and Synonyms. 

Beaumontia* grandiflora. Wall. Tent. Fl. Nep. III. p. 15. 

t. 7. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. t. 901. 
Echites grandiflora. Roxb. Hort. Beng. p. 20. Spreng. 

Syst. Veget. v. I. p. 634. 



Descr. A climbing shrub, in its native country, of vast 
extent ; its long stems and numerous branches sometimes 
reaching over trees, at other times straggling near the 
ground. Branches rounded, smooth. Leaves numerous, 
especially towards the extremities of the branches, large, 
broadly oblong, sometimes approaching to obovate, entire, 
glabrous, acuminulate, much nerved, on short petioles; the 
young ones and extremities of the young branches often 

tinged 



* Named in honour of the late Mrs. Beaumont of Bretton Hall, an ardent 
lover and a munificent patroness of Horticulture. 
VOL. VII. C 



tinged with red. Flowers very fragrant, large, white, termi- 
nal, few npon each branch in our plant, but forming a 
corymb in native specimens. Peduncles very short, with 
large bractece or small floral leaves at the base, reddish. 
Calyx large, foliaceous, of five, broad, ovate, waved, patent, 
obtuse, coloured pieces. Corolla very large, cream-coloured, 
bell-shaped, of a somewhat leathery texture, the tube faintly 
striated, the limb five-cleft, the segments rounded, acumi- 
nulate, spreading, somewhat oblique. Stamens about as 
long as the tube. Filaments thickened upwards, pale 
green. Anthers sagittate, white with a brown margin, 
combined over the stigma. Style remarkably thickened, 
yellow and club-shaped at the extremity, and tipped with 
two points, the bifid, dark green stigma, 

Mr. Marnocr was so obliging as to send the accompany- 
ing specimen from the great stove or dome conservatory of 
the noble gardens at Bretton Hall, in May, 1832, and under 
the name of Beaumontia longifolia. But on comparing it 
with the original B. grandifiora, cultivated in the same 
stove, Mr. Marnock could discover no other difference than 
the larger size of the leaves of the plant, and its readily 
flowering, while the other never could be made to blossom. 
I have, too, the authority of Dr. Wallich for saying that 
this is the B. grandifiora, and that no other species is 
known to exist. 

This truly superb plant, in its flowers and foliage not 
inaptly resembling Datura arborea, and equally fragrant, 
was introduced by Dr. Wallich in 1818, from mountain- 
woods in Eastern Bengal, where it grows at Chittagong 
and Sylhet : as it does, also, at Noakote in Nepaul. 



Fig. 1. Stamens. 2. Anther. 3. Summit of the Style and Stigmas 
magnified. 



3214. 




WJ&Jrl! 



Pui by i'CurHt »'/<M»«r/ £ru i IHflMH 



A** if 



( 3214 ) 

Calceolaria integrifolia, var. y, viscosissima. 
Entire-leaved Calceolaria ; very viscid var. 

******************** 
Class and Order. 

DlANDRIA MoNOGYNlA. 

( Nat. Ord. — ScrophularinjE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cat. 4-partitus. Cor. bilabiata : labium inferius calcei- 
forme. Capsula semibivalvis, valulis bifidis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Calceolaria integrifolia; pubescens, erecta, foliosa, foliis 
ovato-lanceolatis sessilibus connatis argute dentatis 
reticulatim rugosis, paniculis terminalibus corymboso- 
paniculatis. 

Calceolaria integrifolia. Linn. Suppl. p. 86. ? Willd. Sp. 
PL v.l.p. 107. ? Lindl. in Bot. Reg.f. 744. ^—ex- 
cluding the reference to Sm. Ic. ined. which is C. 
ovata and a very different species — et t. 1083. ($.) 

Calceolaria salviae folio. Feuill. Per. v. 3. p. 13. t. 7. 

(y.) tota pubescenti-viscidissima, foliis multo majoribus 
latioribusque. (Tab. nostr. 30, var. y.J 



Descr. Stem two to three feet high,, rounded, prolife- 
rous, as it were, with opposite branches, clothed with ex- 
ceedingly viscid hairs, as is the whole plant. Leaves oppo- 
site, more or less connate, ovato-lanceolate, much spread- 
ing, irregularly and sharply toothed at the margin, rough 
with reticulated veins, below paler and more downy : the 
lower ones are tapering at the base, but none upon a de- 
cided petiole. The main-stem and branches bear at their 
extremity, a rather dense, and usually corymbose bi- tricho- 
tomously divided panicle. Peduncles pubescenti - glan- 
dular, slender. Calyx of four deep, ovate segments. Corolla 

bright, 



bright, but not deep, yellow, changing, however, in drying 
to a full and red dish -orange, subglobose, inflated, upper 
lip not much more than half the size of the lower, closed 
upon it, both compressed. 

It would be a difficult and a hopeless task to endeavour 
to determine a large proportion of the Calceolarias, which 
are now cultivated in our gardens; so much have their 
characters been destroyed by the mixing of the species. 
Even in the native state, from the numerous wild species 
that are now in my Herbarium, it is easy to see that they 
are liable to much variation : and none, perhaps, so much 
so as that to which I am led to refer the present individual, 
which is known in our gardens as C. integrifolia, but 
whether of Linn. Suppl. and Willd. I cannot say ; the 
C. salvice folio of Feuillee. Two remarkable varieties are 
figured by Mr. Lindley in the Botanical Register : our's is 
a still more singular state, distinguished by the great size 
of the leaves and the viscid nature of the whole plant : — 
so viscid, indeed, that it is difficult to separate it from the 
paper in which the specimens are dried. 

It was raised from seeds by Mr. Cameron, at the Bir- 
mingham Botanic Garden, where it flowered in great beauty 
and perfection in November, 1832. 



Fig. 1. Flower : magnified. 



321o. 




/>//. /•!■■< linfir (itwmmd fm'r Ffk'IIJt 



( 3215 ) 

Cineraria Tussilaginis. Colt's-foot 
Cineraria. 

******************* 

Class and Order. 
Syngenesia Superflua. 

( Nat. Old. — Composite. ) 

Generic Character. 

Receptaculum nudum. Pappus simplex. Involucrum 
polyphyllum, aequale. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Cineraria * Tussilaginis ; floribus laxe panicnlatis, foliis 
reniformi-cordatis multangulis subtus albido-tomen- 
tosis, petiolis basi auritis. 

Cineraria Tussilaginis. L' Herit. Sert. Angl. n. 26. Willd. 
Sp. PL v. 3. p. 2078. Spreng. Syst. Veget. v. 3. p. 548. 



Descr. Our specimen of this plant is little more than a 
foot high., rising from a densely fibrous, apparently annual 
root. Stem erect, almost entirely glabrous, rounded, 
branched almost from the base. Leaves few and mostly 
radical, between cordate and reniform, membranaceous, 
angled and toothed, green above, white and very tomen- 
tose beneath, where it is likewise marked with conspicuous 
and rather prominent veins; petiole slightly downy, dis- 
tinctly auricled at the base. The stem-leaves are sessile, 
so that the auricles and leaf combine, and they become 
more ovate upwards, gradually passing into rather large, 
on both sides glabrous, bractece at the forking of the panicle. 
Flowers large, handsome, disposed in a lax, somewhat 

corymbose 



* From Cineres, ashes, from the pale ashen hue of the underside of the 
leaves of many species. 



corymbose panicle. Calyx purplish-green, of several erect, 
equal, linear segments. Disk yellow. Corollas of the ray 
about twelve or thirteen, lilac-purple, spreading, obscurely 
three-toothed at the extremity. 

The Birmingham Botanic Garden, so recently formed by 
the liberality of the inhabitants of that neighbourhood, has 
already, under the judicious management of Mr. Cameron, 
brought many rare plants to perfection : as is amply testified 
by a box of rare flowering specimens which I have received 
during the month of November, the most unpropitious 
season, perhaps of the whole year. Among them is the 
present very beautiful species of Cineraria, raised from 
seeds sent from the island of Teneriffe, where alone it ap- 
pears to be a native. The contrast of the dark green of the 
upper, and the white, downy hue of the under side of the 
leaves, renders it a very desirable inmate of the greenhouse, 
or perhaps during the summer it may be found to blossom 
in the open air. 

It was described by L'Hkritier in his " Sertum Angli- 
cum f but does not appear to have been known to other 
authors, and it is now for the first time cultivated in our 
gardens. 

Lessing has united the two Genera Cineraria and Sene- 
rio, there being no distinguishing character between them. 



>?ie. 




Pub by S L'urh*. Olaxtitmocd Esmjc fk& T IMS& 



Sran St. 



( 3216 ) 
Priestleya villosa. Villous Priestleya. 

r >l>- -V. &. ,vt/. ,4». ,vl/ vfr-, ■>!/, si/. ,st/, v!/. vj/, sf/ si/. ,vV sV jfc .-A/ si/. 

C/«ss cwrf Order. 

DlADELPHIA DECANDRIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Leguminos^:. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cal. subsequaliter 5-lobus, subbilabiatus. Cor. glabra, 
vexillo subrotundo, breviter stipitata, alis obtusis subfalca- 
tis, carina bicipite dorso curvo convexa. Stam. diadelpha 
(9 et 1). Stylus filiform is. Stigma capitatum interdum 
dente acuto postice auctum. Legumen sessile plano-com- 
pressum ovali-oblongum stylo apiculatum 4 — 6-spermum. 
— Frutiees Capenses. Folia simplicia integerrima exstipu- 
lata. Flores Jlavi in capitula subumbellata aut subspicata 
dispositi. Differt. a Borbonia et Aspalatho staminibus dia- 
delphis, a Liparia calycinis lobis mqualibus, forma et azstiva- 
tione petalorum. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Priestleya* villosa; foliis ovato-ellipticis acutis uniner- 
viis planis utrinque ramis calycibus leguminibusque 
hirsutis. De Cand. Prodr. v. 2. p. 122. 

Liparia villosa. Linn. Mant. p. 438. Spreng. Syst. Veget. 

9. s. p.m. 

Borbonia villosa. Linn. Sp. PL p. 994. Seba, Thes. v. 
1. t. 24./ 2. 



Descr. A small shrub, with rather stout, very soft and vil- 
lous, alternate branches, naked below, and marked with the 
scars of the fallen foliage. Leaves mostly crowded towards 

the 



* Name given in compliment to Dr, Joseph Priestley, an eminent 
English philosopher. 



the extremity of the stems, about an inch long, scattered, 
sessile, elliptical, acute, villous on both sides, and at the 
margin, single-nerved, acute, quite entire, the margin often 
reflexed. Stipules none. Flowers collected into a com- 
pact head at the extremity of the branches, each upon a 
very short pedicel, with a minute bractea at the base. Ca- 
lyx somewhat ovate, scarcely two -lipped, villous, pale 
green, five-toothed, teeth subulate, the two upper ones the 
shortest, the lower one the longest. Corolla of a clear and 
rather bright yellow. Vexillum roundish, with a rather 
short claw. Alee oblong, somewhat falcate, carina subcym- 
biform. Stamens ten, filaments diadelphous, nine united 
and one free, white. Anthers subglobose, yellow. Pistil 
about equal in length with the stamens. Germen ovate, 
clothed with long, silky hairs, and tapering gradually into 
the filiform, white style ; stigma obtuse. 

A native of the Cape of Good Hope, requiring the usual 
treatment of the plants of that kind, and the protection 
of a greenhouse, where it bears at the extremity of its 
branches, in the month of November, its heads of bright 
yellow blossoms. Although introduced in 1774, by Mr. 
Francis Masson, it has not hitherto found a place in any of 
our illustrated Botanical works. 

We are indebted for the specimens here given to the 
Messrs. Shepherds, who raised it from Cape seed in 1829. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Vexillum. 3. Alae. 4. Carina. 5. Calyx and Sta- 
mens. 6. Pistil : magnified. 



C 3217 ) 

Bletia acutipetala. Sharp-petaled 
Bletia. 

******************** 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchideje. Div. Epidendre^e. Lindl. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala patentia aequalia. Petala nunc patentia, nunc 
conniventia, sepalis aequalia. Labellum cuciillatum, cum 
columna articulatum, nunc basi saccatum, trilobum, disco 
saBpius lamellate- v. tuberculato. Columna elongata, semi- 
teres. Anthera carnosa, 8-locularis. Pollinia 8 aequalia, 
caudiculis 4 pulvereis cohaerentia. — Herbae subterrestres, 
foliis ensiformibus plicatis, scapis racemosis multifloris, Jlori- 
bus scepius speciosis. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Bletia* acutipetala ; sepalis quorum duobus medio lamel- 
latis petalisque conniventibus ovatis valde acutis aequa- 
libus, labelli disco lameilis 5 rectis subundulatis, lobis 
lateralibus ovatis,, intermedio apice dilato crispato, 
scapo radicali alato ramoso, foliis ensiformibus pli- 
catis. 

Limodorum altum. Jacq. Ic. Rar. v. 3. t. 602. (vix Linn.) 



Descr. Bulb roundish, depressed, half buried in the 
earth, and marked with circular lines or rings, the scars of 
former years' leaves. Leaves few, ensiform, much acumi- 
nated, two to three feet long, arising from the top of the 
bulb. Scape arising from the base of the bulb, four to five 

feet 



* In honour of Louis Blet, a Spanish apothecary. 



feet or more high, and thicker than a swan's quill, terete, 
purplish below, green above, where it throws out three to 
four long and more or less patent branches, which bear nu- 
merous flowers subtended by rather large, linear-subulate 
bractea. Sepals or three outer segments of the perianth, 
ovate, acute, the two lower ones bearing in the inside a 
central, pale lamella for nearly its whole length ; petals, or 
two inner segments of the perianth of the same size and 
shape with the rest, all connivent and of an uniform pale 
rose colour, both within and without. Labcllum standing 
forward within the petals, and rather longer than they, three- 
lobed, the disk with five yellow, parallel, somewhat wavy 
laminae, the two lateral lobes curved upwards, large, pur- 
plish rose-coloured, yellow at the base, streaked with purple 
lines, somewhat ovate in shape, middle lobe dilated at the 
extremity and much crisped, deep purple. Column linear, 
almost semicylindrical, incurved. Anthers with right cells 
and eight ovate, waxy, deep yellow pollen masses, attached 
to a common, pulverulent stalk. Germen clavate, rather 
short, slightly twisted. 

My kind and obliging friend, Mr. Henry Shepherd, has, 
I think, correctly considered this as distinct both from 
Bletia verecunda and Bletia Jlorida. Independent of the 
pale colour of the flower, the segments of the perianth are 
all remarkably acute, and the outer and lower ones are 
always furnished with a strong central lamina. The brac- 
teas, too, are, comparatively large, and the scape is very 
tall, and divided upwards into long branches. Bletia 
verecunda and Bletia jlorida, its nearest allies, are natives 
of the West Indies; this of South Carolina, whence it was 
directly received at the Liverpool Botanic Garden. It may 
possibly be the B. (Cymbidium) verecundum of the North 
American authors : and it is, 1 think, certainly, the Limo- 
dorum altum of Jacquin ; there the petals are acute, and 
the elevated line or lamina is distinctly represented in the 
figure. 



Fig. 1. Flower with the Perianth forced back. 2. Lip. 3. Column. 4. 
Pollen-masses : magnified. 




jbfi h,- t (trr/,>. /V,,,,™**/ Xmm M'Utss. 



( 3218 ) 

Loasa Placei, var. &. Mr. Place's 
Loasa : var. /3. 

******************** 

Class and Order. 

POLYADELPHIA PoLYANDRIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Loace^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cali/cis tubus ovario adhaerens, limbus persistens, 5 parti - 
tus, aequalis. Petala 5, lobis, cal. alterna, breviter ungui- 
culata, concava. Squamce 5 petaloideae, petalis alterna?, 
bi- aut triloba?, in conum conniventes et basi intus filamen- 
tis 2 sterilibus instruetae. Stam. 200, exteriora 10 sterilia, 
caetera in phalanges 15 — 17-andras petalis oppositas dispo- 
sita ; antheris erectis bilocularibns. Stylus apice trifidus. 
Capsula turbinato-oblonga, 1-locul., apice 3-vaIvis calyce 
coronata valvis margine placentiferis, placentis ideo cum 
vicina continuis. Semina ovalia creberrima reticulata. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Loasa* Placei; suberecta dichotoma setis pungentibus uni- 
que tecta^ foliis sinuato-pinnatifidis incisis inferioribus 
cordatis albo-maculatis longe petiolatis superioribtis 
oblongis acuminatis oppositis sessilibus, calycibus pe- 
talisque reflexis. 

Loasa Placei. Lindl. in Hort. Soc. Trans, v. 6. p. 95. 
Hook, et Am. in Bot. Misc. v. 3. p. 329. 

Loasa acanthifolia. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. t. 785. (not Lam.) 

(3.) foliis minus profunde pinnatifidis, floribus minoribus. 



Descr. Stem herbaceous, three to four feet high, much 
branched, branches rounded, clothed with long hair-like 

strings, 



* A name of Adanson, of unknown origin. 



stings, dichotomous. Radical leaves cordate, cut into 
many (eleven to thirteen) rather deep, somewhat rounded 
lobes, much and irregularly toothed at the margin, and 
ciliated with long stings; very veiny, veins reticulated, 
the areolae each bearing a sting, the poison-bag at the base 
of which is seated upon a white, circular spot, where the 
epidermis seems loose or separated from the parenchyme 
beneath : petioles long, clothed with numerous stings, as is 
the back of the leaves, (which is of a paler colour) but 
principally on the nerves. The leaves gradually become 
narrower, more acute, more sharply lobed, more sessile in 
the upper part of the stem, till they assume an ovato-lance- 
olate figure, and are quite sessile, small, and acuminate at 
the dichotomies. Flowers rather small for the size of the 
plant, solitary from the axils of the upper leaves and from 
the forks of the branches, erect in bud, drooping when ex- 
panded. Calyx reflexed, of five lanceolate, acuminated, 
hispid, leaves. Petals five, strongly reflexed, obovate, 
ventricose, their sides and extremity inflexed, notched at 
the very apex. Stamens in five bundles, each of many 
stamens, and placed opposite to the petals, of which those 
which have not discharged the pollen stand erect : the rest 
lie back in the petal. Filaments white : Anthers yellow, 
four-sided. Alternating with these five bundles, are five 
white, ovate, bifid glands, hollow within, externally marked 
with a red band, and bearing at the base five lamellated 



setae. 



Seeds of this Loasa were sent to the Glasgow Botanic 
Garden from Aconcagua in Chili, by Dr. Gillies, and they 
have flowered in the open border during the latter part of 
the summer and autumn. It differs from the true L. Placei 
of Mr. Lindley, as figured in the Botanical Register, in its 
shorter and broader leaves, and more obtuse and shorter 
lobes, and in the smaller flowers. The white spots on the 
older aud lower leaves give the plant a remarkable appear- 



ance. 



Fig. 1. Portion of a Flower. 2. Anther. 3. Gland, with its appendages: 
magnified. 




//:///,/-/■' 



Ihhk- S l-urhs 



( 3219 ) 

POMADERRIS ANDROMED^EFOLIA. AnDRO- 
ME DA-LEAVED POMADERRIS. 

*********************** 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Rhamnejs. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cal. semiadhaerens 5 -fid us. Pet. 5 squamiformia, con- 
cava, rarius nulla. Stam. lobis cal. alterna iisque breviora, 
in petalorum cavitate juniora abscondita. Discus nullus. 
Stylus brevissimus triqueter. Stigmata 3. Capsula 3- 
cocca, 3-sperma, cocculis interne planinsculis tbramine 
max i mo per membranam tenuem tardius solutam clauso 
instructis. Semina erecta. — Arbusculae aut F rut ices e Nova 
Hollandia or ti, foliis alternis subtus incanis, habitus Ceano- 
thi ad quod Genus valde accedit. D. C. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Pomaderris andromedafolia ; foliis lanceolato-ovalibusgla- 
bris subtus niveo-tomentosis, corymbis terminalibus 
confertis calycibus petalisque reflexis. Cunningh. 

Pomaderris andromedaefolia. Cunningh. in Field's N. S. 
Wales,p.3b\. 



Descr. A branched shrub; older branches dark gray 
and glabrous, younger ones downy, somewhat silky, often 
with a ferruginous tinge. Leaves in general, about an 
inch and a half long, elliptical, lanceolate, petiolate, acute 
with a mucro, subcoriaceous, glabrous above and dark- 
green, below clothed with an appressed white down, ap- 
proaching to ferruginous in the younger ones. Flowers 
forming rather small, dense, terminal corymbs, having 
brown, membranaceous, caducous bracteas at the base of 

the 



the pedicels. Calyx tawny, somewhat rotate, silky with- 
out, glabrous within, the short tube scarcely at all adhering 
to the ovarium ; the limb of five oblong', rettexed segments. 
Petals spathulate, the lamina dentato- serrate, concave, 
closely reflexed, pale yellowish-white. Stamens opposite 
the petals, erect or nearly so, longer than the style. An- 
thers oblong*. Germen or ovary scarcely at all inferior, 
silky ; Styles three, linear, combined at the base ; Stigmas 
three, acute, hairy. 

Another of the numerous novelties discovered by Mr. 
Allan Cunningham in the more elevated and rocky parts of 
the Blue Mountain ranges of New Holland; where, indeed, 
it is very common. Specimens were obligingly communi- 
cated by Mr. Aiton, from the princely gardens of Kew, (to 
which it was introduced by Mr. Cunningham, in 1823,) 
in April, 1832. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Petal. 3. Pistil : magnified. 



J2S0. 




fki. tr S '- < '" rl " ■ ftlaxttueeej XtltM . tBmJLMM 



( 3220 ) 

GONGORA ATRO-PURPUREA. DARK- 
FLOWERED GoNGORA. 

******************** 

Class and Order. 

Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^. ) 

Generic Character. 

Petala 3 exteriora patentissima lanceolata subuniformia, 
superiore dorso columnae inserto, duobus interioribus par- 
vis ad marginem columnae insertis decurrentibus. LabeUum 
vomeriforrne subpedicellatum basi superne dentatum, in- 
feme gibbosum. Columna elongata. Massa? pollinis 2, 
pedicellatae. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Gongora* atro -purpurea ; petalorurn trium exteriorum mar- 
ginibus reflexis, labello superne subseptem-dentato. 

Gongora atro-purpurea. Hooker, Ex. Fl. t. 178. Spreng. 
Syst. Veget. cur. post. p. 308. 

Descr. From an oblong and cylindrical,, deeply sulcat- 
ed, fleshy, bulbiform stem, there spring at the extremity 
two rather large, ovate-lanceolate, striated and subplicated 
leaves, waved at the margin, and tapering at the base. 
Scape two feet in length, arising apparently from the base 
of the bulb, zigzag, slender, glabrous, terete, dark purple. 
Bracteas minute, at the base of each flower. Flower wholly 
of a deep purple-brown or chocolate colour. The three 
outer petals, an inch long, are much spreading, lanceolate; 
the upper one springing from the back of the column rather 
the smallest, the two lateral ones with a large tooth-like 
process at the base of the upper margin ; all the margins 

revolute. 



* Named in honour of Antonio Caballeroy Gongora, a Spaniard, 
and friend of Mutis. 

VOL. VII. D 



revolute. Two inner petals very small, incurved, with an 
acuminated, and twisted apex, fixed by its decurrent base 
to the margin of the column, near the base of the superior 
and outer petals, and at some distance from the two lower- 
most, outer ones. Lip of so curious a form, as to be more 
easily represented in a figure than described in words. It 
is nearly an inch long, standing out at right angles from 
the flower ; having a cylindrical peduncle or stalk at the 
base, at the apex of which are four large, curved horns or 
tooth-like processes, two obtuse and two acuminated ; there 
is an aperture within the base of each of the latter, and 
between them two small, upright teeth. The extremity of 
the labellum is a laterally compressed, and consequently 
vertical plate, double at its upper edge and sharp, obtuse 
at the lower edge, and gibbous at its base, acuminated at 
the extremity. Germen two to three inches in length, 
curved, pedunculiform, not twisted. Column very long, 
semicylindrical, broadest upwards, and bearing upon its 
back and sides the three tipper petals. Anther terminal, 
operculiform, deciduous, with two obscure cells, containing 
two oblong, but below tapering, deep yellow, waxy, solid 
pollen-masses, fixed by their base to an oblong, white gland, 
which forms a beak from beneath the anther, before the 
falling of the latter. 

This rare plant likewise, has been communicated by 
Messrs. Shepherds from the Liverpool Botanic Garden, 
where it was introduced by Charles Parker, Esq. from 
Demerara. It is evidently the same species as the G. atro- 
purpurea figured in the Exotic Flora, from Trinidad, differ- 
ing only in the somewhat paler and spotted flowers. 

The present plant is so closely allied to the Genus Cir- 
rHjEA of Mr. Brown, that I scarcely know how they can be 
distinguished. The latter Genus includes the Cymbidium 
dependens of Mr. Loddiges, and my Gongora viridi-pur- 
purea : and Mr. Lindley attributes " a stigma occupying 
the apex of the column, and the anther situated at the back 
of the column : — but whatever may be the case with the 
Cirrh&a Loddigesii, (Cymbidium dependens,) I have shown 
that in the C. viridi-purpurea (Bot. Mag. t. 2978. f. 5.) tne 
proper situation of the anther is to be terminal, though 
frequently when detached it is suspended at the back of 
the column : the same peculiarity I have observed in G. 
atro -purpurea. They all belong to Mr. Lindley's tribe of 
Yandex. 



Fig. 1. Column with three of the Petals. 2. Labellum. 



XJH.Jt* 




*»>■ h S.CwHs. Outm^d Fasarjfc 



'arUS23. 



S«t*k- 



( 3221 ) 

COBURGIA FULVA. TAWNY COBURGIA. 

******************** 

Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Amaryllide^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthii tubus curvatus, cylindricus, subventricose am- 
pliatus; limbus tubo brevior, sequalis, semipatens, cernuus. 
Staminum jilamenta aequalia, recta vix conniventia c 
membrana tubulosa 6-fida orta, laciniis bidentatis bifidis, 
filamentis alternantibus ; antherce erectae. Germen inferum 
ovatum, triquetrum, 3-locularis; loculis pluri-ovulatis, ovu- 
lis biseriatim dispositis. Stylus filiformis. Stigma ob- 
tusum. 

Specific Character and Sj/nonym. 

Coburgia * fulva ; umbella subquinqueflora, perianthii 
aurantiaci laciniis ovatis apice viridi-maculatis, scapo 
ancipite elongato, foliis elongatis lineari - ligulatis 
striatis obtusis. 

Coburgia fulva. Herbert, in Bot. Register, t. 1497. 



Descr. Bulb, according; to Mr. Williams, eight inches 
in diameter, elongated upwards into a neck, seven inches 
in length, clothed with dark brown, satiny scales, and these 
bearing about six linear, ligulate, striated leaves, an inch 
and a half broad, and a foot and a half or more in length, 
slightly narrower and obtuse at the point. Scape, from the 
centre of these leaves, two feet long, erect, ancipitate, bear- 
ing at its summit an umbel of four to five, large and hand- 
some 



* Named in compliment to His Royal Highness Prince Leopold of Saxe 
Coburg, now King of Belgium. 



some drooping flowers, enclosed in a large, two-leaved, mem- 
branaceous, striated, green spatha, with a pale border, and 
having two or three linear-oblong, membranaceous brac- 
teas. Pedicels short. Perianth orange-coloured, with a 
reddish tinge. Tube very long, enlarged above the middle. 
Limb campanulate, of five ovate segments, the three outer 
ones rather larger, more acute, and terminated with a fleshy 
mucro, all of them tipped with a green spot. Staminal 
crown a short, fleshy tube, inserted at the base of the limb, 
six -cleft, each segment truncated, bidentate, green at the 
extremity. In the sinuses of these segments the stamens 
are inserted. Filaments rather shorter than the limb of the 
perianth, erect. Anthers oblong, dorsally inserted, pur- 
plish-brown ; Pollen deep yellow. Germen broadly ovate, 
obtusely trigonal, three-celled, the cells containing many 
oblong ovules fixed to the central axis, and arranged in 
two rows. Style longer than the stamens ; Stigma obtuse, 
slightly inclined. 

Obligingly communicated by Mr. Williams from the fine 
collection of John Willmore, Esq. at Oldfield, near Bir- 
mingham, in December, 1831, its usual season of flowering, 
with the observation, that the bulbs were purchased four 
years previously at Liverpool, and first cultivated by him at 
Oldfield, whence he has distributed it to SpofTorth and other 
collections, and that a temperature of 45° seems most fa- 
vourable to its blossoming in perfection. 

Its native country is probably some part of South Ame- 
rica. 



Fig. 1. Staminal Crown. 2. Germen. 3. The same cut through trans- 
rselv : maamhirl ° 



versely : magnified. 




A* t r S . frrks a ntmmft/ £„„M~Mm 



Swoit.Se- 



( 3222 ) 

Myrsine capitellata. Cluster-flowered 

Myrsine. 

******************** 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Myrsine^. ) 

Generic Character. 

Flores polygami, dioici. Cor. 5- raro 4-fida. Anthera 
subsessiles. Ovarium ovulis definitis (4 — 5). Stigma saepius 
lobatum v. laciniatum. Drupa pisiform is, putamine crus- 
taceo, monospermo. — Prutices vel Arbusculas. Folia alterna 
coriacea. Flores axillares, aggregati, subumbellati. Co- 
rolla in plerisque 5-partita, nunc breviter tubulosa. Mas- 
culi majores stigmate simplici. Foeminei antheris minoribus 
effcetis. Br. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Myrsine* capitellata; arborea, erecta, foliis oblongo-lan- 
ceolatis integerrimis coriaceis, floribus sessilibus in 
capitulis axillaribus, stylo longo crasso, stigmate ob- 
tuso glabro integro. Wall. 

Myrsine capitellata. Wall, in Fl. Ind. Occ. v. 2. p. 295. 
Spreng. Syst. Veget. cur. post. p. 69. 



Descr. The plant from which our specimen was taken, 
is a young one, only four years old, and forms a hand- 
some shrub } four feet in height ; but, in its native coun- 
try, it becomes a tree thirty to forty feet high. Leaves 
five to six inches long, oblongo-lanceolate, rather acute, 
coriaceous, shortly petioled, quite entire, dark green above, 

much 



* A Greek name, synonymous with Myrtle ; and applied to this plant from 
the similarity of its foliage. 



much paler beneath, dotted at the margin with ferruginous 
points, veins numerous, parallel, obscure. Flowers small, 
pale yellowish-green, collected into axillary, sessile, crowd- 
ed heads, appearing lateral from the frequent falling away 
of the leaves. Bractece brown, membranous, appressed. 
Calyx quinquefid. Corolla five-cleft, its segments reflexed, 
and these as well as those of the calyx are often sprinkled 
with rust-coloured dots. All the flowers appear to be female. 
Anthers rather large, inserted in the tube of the corolla, and 
opposite to the segments, sagittate, sessile, dull orange, 
probably abortive. Germen globose. Style very large, 
long and thick in proportion to the size of the flower, 
filling up the tube and much exserted ; Stigma sometimes 
slightly bifid or ragged. 

Introduced from Nepal, in 1828, by Dr. Wallich, to the 
Liverpool Botanic Garden, whence our specimens were 
communicated in full flower, in January, 1833. It is treated 
as a stove plant, and though the blossoms cannot boast of 
much beauty, the foliage is handsome, aud of a deep rich 
green colour. 

In Nepal, Dr. Wallich assures us that the wood of this 
tree and that of M. semiserrata is of a chocolate colour, 
radiated, compact, and heavy, and much esteemed by the 
hill-people for various carpenter's works : the ripe fruits . 
are also eaten. 



Fig. 1. Flower, (female ?). 2. Corolla of the same laid open. 3. Pistil 
magnified. 




Hit h- S-Curtu. 



0mmmmi P-u&Ahnums. 



■» r> •■' 



( 3223 ) 

Eugenia trinervia. Three-nerved 
Eugenia. 

Class and Order. 

ICOSANDRIA MoNOGYNIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Myrtace^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calycis tubus subrotundus, limbus ad ovarium usque 4- 
partitus. Petala tot quot calycis lobi. Stam. numerosa, 
libera. Ovarium 2 — 3-loculare, loculis pluriovulatis. Bacca 
subglobosa, calyce coronata, matura, 1-rarius 2-locularis. 
Semina 1 — 2 subrotunda, grossa. Embryo pseudo-monoco- 
tyledoneus, cotyledonibus nempe crassissimis et omnino con- 
ferruminatis, radicula vix ac ne vix distincta, brevissima. 
Arbores aut Frutices, pleraque ex insulis Caribceis aut Ame- 
rica calidiora orta. Folia et inflorescentia nunc Myrti nunc 
Myrciae. D. C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Eugenia* trinervia; pedunculis trifidis aut bis trifidis 3 — 7- 
floris folio brevioribus, bracteis sub flore oblongis ra- 
mulis calycibusque subhirsutis, foliis ovali-oblongis 
utrinque acuminatis superne adultis glabris subtus 
pubescenti-tomentosis trinerviis, nervis lateralibus sub- 
marginalibus. 

Eugenia trinervia. De Cand. Prodr. v. 3. p. 279. 

Myrtus trinervia. Sm. in Linn. Trans, v. 3. p. 280. (non 
Lour.) Spreng. Syst. Veget. v. 2. p. 482. 



Descr. A much branched shrub, with red-brown, downy 
branches. Leaves two to three inches long, opposite, on 

short, 



* In honor of Prince Eugene of Savoy, a patron of Botany. 



short, downy petioles, ovato- or ovali-elliptical, slightly 
acuminate, subcoriaceous, quite entire, with three strong, 
parallel nerves, dark green above, and downy only in a 
young state, pale beneath, pubescent, but chiefly so on the 
nerves. Peduncles axillary, once or twice trifid, longer 
than the petioles, but considerably shorter than the leaves. 
Flowers much smaller than those of the common Myrtle. 
Petals white, soon reflexed. Style reddish. 

From the rich collection of Kew, where it first flowered 
in April, 1827, and to which place it was introduced in 
1824, by Mr. Allan Cunningham, from New South Wales. 

Sir James E. Smith, its first describer, says of it, that 
although the teeth of the calyx and the petals also are 
generally but four, it is a true Myrtus and not an Eugenia, 
the fruit being a berry, with many shining, gibbous, curved 
seeds. De Candolle, however, refers it to his Eugenia, 
but doubts if it should not constitute a distinct Genus. In 
its three nerves, and general appearance, this plant is allied 
to Myrtus tomentosa. 

The drawing, from which the figure is made, was, as well 
as the specimens, obligingly communicated by W. T. 
Aiton, Esq. 



Fig. 1. Flower : magnified. 



322+ 




( 3224 ) 

Symplocarpus fcetidus. Stinking Symplo- 
carpus, Skunk Weed, or Skunk Cabbag-e. 

******************* 

Class and Order. 
Tetrandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Aroidejl. ) 

Generic Character. 

Spatha ventricosa, ovata, acuminata. Spadix subglobosa, 
floribus hermaphroditicis tecta. Cat. profunde 4-partita, 
persistens, segmentis cucullatis, truncatis, demum crassis, 
spongiosis. Pet. o. Stylus pyramidalis, tetragonus ; Stig- 
ma simplex, minutum. Semina solitaria receptaculo spon- 
gioso immersa. Nutt. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Symplocarpus* fcetidus. 

Symplocarpus fcetidus. Nutt. Gen. Am. v. I. p. 105. Tor- 

rey, Fl.ofUn. St. v. I. p. 181. 
Ictodes fcetidus. Bigel. Am. Med. Bot. v. 2. p. 41. t. 24. 

Fl. Bost. ed. 2. p. 59. 
Pothos fcetidus. Mich. Am. v. 2. p. 186. Pursh, Fl. Am. 

v. 2. p. 398. Sims in Bot. Mag. t. 836, (imperfect). 

Spreng. Syst. Veget. v. 3. p. 766. 
Dracontium fcetidum. Linn. Sp. PL p. 1372. Willd. Sp. 

PI. v. 2. p. 288. 



Descr. Root perennial, large, fleshy or almost woody, 
annulated, abrupt, dark brown, throwing out numerous 
long, tawny, fleshy fibres, thicker than a swan's quill, which 
descend deep into the ground. In the early spring, from 

the 



* trvfjLit^uttii, an union, and xapro?, fruit, from their being combined with 
the Receptacle into one body. 



the crown of this root arise two flowers, surrounded at the 
base by large, membranaceous sheathing bracteas, and the 
incipient leaves. These flowers have so singular an ap- 
pearance, that, at first sight, they might rather be taken 
for an artificial production, or even for a shell of the Genus 
Cypr,ea, than for any thing of a vegetable nature, were it 
not for their powerfully fetid smell : A short peduncle, much 
shorter than the bracteae, bears a broadly ovate, acuminated, 
involuted both at the sides and at the extremity, spatha, of 
which the ground colour is yellow, but so spotted and 
blotched with dark purple, as sometimes nearly to obliterate 
the original tint, within it is wholly blackish purple. This 
surrounds a subglobose, purple, shortly pedunculated spa- 
dix, not above an inch in length, and not much bigger than 
a good-sized nutmeg, its circumference entirely formed by 
the flowers. These, considered according to the artificial 
system, consist of a perianth of four erect scales or pieces, 
remarkably concave and depressed at the top, where they 
are purple, while their sides are yellow, and they are so 
placed and so shaped, that their edges meet, and they forma 
square flower, through the centre of which, the tips of the 
bright yellow stamens, and purplish style are only slightly 
protruded. Stamens four, each lodged in the cavity of a 
scale of the perianth. Filament very short. Anther broadly 
ovate, two-celled, cells opening longitudinally, and facing 
the scale, while the back is directed to the pistil or centre ot 
the flower. Germen small, almost entirely sunk in the 
receptacle. Style lineari-pyramidal, four-sided at the base, 
terete above, where it is terminated by the small stigma, a 
mere discoloured point. cc After the spatha decays, the 
spadix continues to grow, and with it every part of the 
flower except the anthers. When the fruit is ripe, the 
spadix has attained to many times its original dimensions, 
while the calyx, filaments, and style are larger, very pro- 
minent, and separated from each other. Within the spadix, 
at the base of each style, is a round fleshy seed, as large as 
a pea, white, tinged with green and purple, invested with a 
separate membranous coat, and with a prominent corcu- 
lum, situated in a depression at the top." (Bigel.) The 
leaves do not appear till some time after the flowers, and 
they have not attained their full size till the spatha has 
decayed. They are broadly cordate, petiolate, acute, with 
numerous and branching veins, which are prominent be- 
neath, the inid-rib very broad. Petiole also broad, hollow- 
ed in front, sheathing at the base. 

Perhaps 



Perhaps there is not a more unsatisfactory figure in all 
the Fifty-four volumes of the Botanical Magazine than that 
of this singular plant at t. 836, under the name of Pothos 
faztida, so that a more perfect representation and fuller 
description than are there given, cannot, we think, be 
unacceptable to our subscribers. It is a native of North 
America, from Canada to Carolina, according to Nuttall, 
and was introduced in the year 1735 to our gardens, where 
it proves perfectly hardy ; the flowers appearing above 
ground along with the earliest spring plants, and those 
are succeeded by the foliage. In the northern parts, 
whence I have received a fine specimen from my ines- 
timable friend Dr. Boott, and in the middle of the United 
States, scarcely a meadow or swamp is found in which 
this vegetable may not be discovered at a distance, espe- 
cially in the spring season, by its large tufts of rank, 
crowded leaves. 

It has derived its name of Skunk Cabbage, or Skunk-weed, 
from the intolerably fetid smell, resembling that of the 
animal so called, or Viverra mephitis. Hence too, Professor 
Bigelow has called it Ictodes, from txris, a weasel, and c£«, 
to smell : but this change of name is quite needless, as the 
previously established one of Symplocarpus is not intended 
to express, as might at first be imagined, and as Dr. Big- 
elow supposed, that the fruit resembles that of a Symplo- 
cos, but simply the union of the fruit into one compact 
body. The odour which characterizes this plant is not 
peculiar to it. The fruit of some of the North American 
Currants, Dr. Bigelow tells us, especially the Ribes ringens 
of Michaux a species often met with on the high mountains 
of the Eastern States, emits, when bruised, a scent exactly 
similar. 

As in other plants of the same natural family, the roots 
abound in an acrid principle, even when dry, but which is 
readily dissipated by heat. In America, Dr. Cutler of 
Massachusetts was the first to recommend the use of the 
pounded roots in asthmatic complaints, having found it 
eminently serviceable in his own case, and it has since been 
employed, not only in that afflicting disease, but in catarrh 
and chronic coughs, and with evident benefit. Dr. Bigelow, 
however, candidly observes, that it should be administered 
with much caution, as, when the stomach has been delicate, 
he has observed it to occasion vomiting when exhibited even 
in a small quantity. A dose of thirty grains has been found 

not 



not only to excite vomiting, but to produce headache, ver- 
tigo, and temporary blindness. 

The germination of this plant is very curious, and has 
been thus described by Mr. Nuttall. " The seed does not 
appear to possess any thing like a proper cotyledon; the 
embryo, formed in the exact posture of the growing plant 
(with the radicle downwards), differs not from it in any 
particular but that of size. In place of a cotyledon there 
is a sheathing stipule, similar to that which is ever after 
produced ; in fact, it is viviparous. The embryo is seated 
in a small umbilical or hemispherical depression, in the 
upper end of what may be called a vitellus rather than a 
perisperm, judging by its functions : this callus, or seminal 
tubercle, is roundish and turbinate, nearly as large as a fil- 
berd nut, very solid and carneous, possessing, in a high 
degree, the alliaceous foetor of the grown plant ; the mu- 
tual point of attachment subsisting between this body and 
the embryo is, at first, a minute and nearly central funicu- 
lus, which enlarges and becomes more distinct during the 
progress of germination ; but what appears to be most sin- 
gular with respect to it is the length of time that it con- 
tinues attached to the growing plant, lying apparently inert 
at the base of the caudex for twelve, or even eighteen 
months." 



Fig. 1. Flowering Plant, nat. size. 2. Spadix, ditto. 3. The same, mag- 
nified. 4. Single Flower removed from the Spadix. 5. Scale of the Peri- 
anth with its Stamen. 6. Front view of a Stamen. 7 Pistil : the Germen 
being imbedded in the Receptacle. 8. Style and Stigma, or all of the Pistil 
that is seen above the Receptacle :— more or less magnified. 




-*" J. //. J,t! 



IU.iyS.Curh, Mti ,,mi*M, m Marin-,; 



Sum St. t 



( 3225 ) 

Begonia reniformis. Kidney-leaved 
Begonia. 

Class and Order. 

MoNCECIA PoLYANDRIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Begoniace^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Mas. Cat. o. Cor. polypetaia, petalis pleruinque 4, iuai- 
qualibus. Fcem. Cal. o. Cor. petala 4 — 9, pleruinque in- 
eequalia. Styli 3, bifidi. Caps, triquetra, alata, triloculaiis, 
polysperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Begonia reniformis ; caulescens, foliis reniformibus angu- 
latis dentatis, capsulae ala maxima acutangula, reliquis 
parallelis minimis. Dryan. 

Begonia reniformis. Dryandr. in Linn. Trans, v. I. p. 161. 
t. 14./. 1, 2. Spreng. Syst. Veget. v. 2. p. 625. 



Descr. Stem three to four feet high, the thickness of 
one's finger, fleshy. Leaves large, upon petioles as long as 
themselves, reniform, with a deep sinus, in comparison with 
other species of the Genus, very slightly unequal, many- 
angled, serrated, somewhat pubescent, opaque, marked with 
numerous veins, which are sunk on the upper surface ; pro- 
minent beneath ; green on both sides, but much paler 
beneath. The larger leaves are nearly a span in diameter. 
Peduncle six to eight inches long, terminated by a di-tricho- 
tomous Cyme, the ultimate branches umbellate and very 
slender, white. Flowers white, small, slightly downy. Of 
the male, the Corolla consists of four unequal, pure white 
petals, two of them orbicular or inclining to heart-shaped, 
two oblong and much smaller. Anthers numerous, yellow. 
Female flowers few in the specimens before me, very small, 

the 



the petals closed. Germen with one large, white, almost 
triangular wing, and two obsolete ones. 

Prom the Botanic Garden of Liverpool whence it was 
communicated as having been received from Professor 
Lehman, of Hamburgh, under the name of B. grandis ; but 
there is already a Japanese species of that name, and cer- 
tainly very different from our's, which, moreover, appears 
to me to accord with the B. reniformis of Dryander, a 
native of Brazil, the native country also probably of our 
plant. 

It is a good deal allied to the B. longipes of this work, 
t. 3061, especially in the general structure of the inflores- 
cence ; but in that species, the flowers are considerably 
larger, the leaves are much more oblique, and extremely 
glossy, and quite glabrous above. 

B. reniformis requires the heat of the stove, and its flow- 
ering season is January. 

It is quite impossible, by a drawing, to convey an idea of 
the peculiar pearly and semi-transparent appearance of the 
blossoms, and of the panicle in which they are borne. 



Fig. 1. Female Flower, considerably magnified. 



3226. 




IU. fy LCmHU M«x„ woa j £„, jto-utu 



( 3226 ) 

LEDEBOURIA HYACINTHINA. HyACINTH- 
LIKE LEDEBOURIA. 

*********************** 

Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Smilacin^:. Boyle.) 

Generic Character. 

Cor. 6-petala : petalis basi staminiferis, persistentibus. 
Germen 3-partitum, pedicellatum, subrotundum. Stylus 
capillaris, simplicissimus : stigmate acuminato. Utriculi 
3 basi connexi, monospermi ; 2 saepe abortivi, et tunc 1 
obovatus, subcurvatus. Roth. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Ledebouria* hyacinthina. 

Ledebouria hyacinthina. Roth, Nov. Sp. Ind. Or. p. 195. 

Sprengel, Syst. Veget. v. 2. p. 97. Wall. Cat. of PI. 

in E. I. C. Mus. p. 180. 
Melanthium hyacinthinum. Heyne, MSS. 
Anthericum hyacinthoides. Willd. MSS. 
Erythronium Indicum. Rottler (according to Sprengel). 



Descr. Bulb ovate, tunicated, about the size of a nut- 
meg, coats membranaceous, pale brown. Leaves five or 
six in number, four to five inches long, broadly lanceolate, 
waved, entire, glabrous, dark green above, with deeper 
spots, the underside pale and glaucous, finely striated, below 
tapering into a sort of membranaceous, silky petiole : Scape 
one or two, arising from the summit of the bulb, bearing a 

raceme 



* In honour of C. F. Ledebour, author of Travels in the Altaic Moun- 
tains, and of a Flora Altaica. 



raceme of many drooping flowers. Pedicels red. Petals 
greenish-white, reddish at the base, oblong, acute, patent 
as far as the middle. Stamens inserted, red : Anthers sub- 
globose. Germen on a short stalk, lobed. Style red, 
straight. Stigmas obtuse. 

This interesting little bulbous plant is a native of the 
East Indies, and is well worthy of being introduced, as it 
might easily be, to our collections. Indeed some of the 
bulbs of the specimens brought home by Dr. Wight, are 
not destitute of life, and are planted in the Glasgow Botanic 
Garden. That gentleman, to whom we are indebted for 
the drawing here given, which was made by a native artist, 
states that Ledebouria h-yacinthina is very abundant at Ma- 
sulipatam, less frequent about Madras. In the neighbour- 
hood of Alamparua it is also common, growing in moist 
pasture grounds, where the ends of its leaves, which curve 
backwards, touch the soil, take root, and produce new 
bulbs. Mr. Boyle finds it at Bundelkund. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Pistil : — magnified. 




1 v*7 n t't' 



( 3227 ) 
Erythrina velutina. Velvety Ery- 

THRINA. 

******************** 

Class and Order. 
Decandria Diadelphia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Leguminos,e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cal. tubulosus ore Iruncato subdentato ant spathaceus. 
Corollce vexillum longissimum, oblongum, alee et carina 
dipetala vexillo multo breviores. Stamina diadelpha,, recta, 
decimo nunc caeteris subcoalito nunc libero alis multo bre- 
viore aut rarius deficiente. Legumen Ionium, tornlosum, 
bivalve, polyspermum. Scmina ovata, hilo lateral i. — Ar- 
busculae aut Frutices, rarius Herb®. Stipula? parvaz a petr- 
olo dlstlncta?. Folia petiolata unljuga cum imparl, foliolis 
loco stlpellarum glandulls basl stlpatls. Caules et petioli 
interdum aculeatl. Racemi elongati, pedicellls scepe tcrna- 
tim approximate. Flores rubro-cocclnel. Seinina sapius 
rubro et nigro mixta nitida. D C. 



\->' 



Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Erythrina * velutina; caule arboreo ramisque sparsim spi- 
nosis, racemis petiolis foliolisque furfuraceo-tometi- 
tosis inermibus, foliolis obtusissimis basi subcordatis 
terminali deltoideo, lateralibus rotundatis, calycibus 
campanulato-spathaeformibus hinc fissis 5-denticulatis 
subcoriaceis dense turfuraceo-tometitosis, vexillo ovali 
inagno lato reflexo, stamiuibus submonadelphis lori- 
gissime exsertis, carina? obtusissimae alarumque petalis 
imbricatis concavis exsertis calyce longioribus. Lowe. 

Erythrina velutina. Willd. Nov. Act. Berol. v. 3. p. 426. 
Willd. Sp. PL v. 3. p. 904. De Cand. Prodr. v. 2. p. 

412. 



* EpOp?, red; from the fine red colour of the flowers of most of the species. 
VOL. VII. E 



412. Humb. Nov. Gen. Am. v. 6. p. 435. Sprang. 
Si/st, Veget. v. 3. p. 244. (non Jacq. Hort. Schoenbr.) 



Descr. A Tree about thirty feet high, with a cylin- 
drical, straight trunk, seven or eight inches in diameter, 
unbranched, in the single individual observed, to a con- 
siderable height, twelve feet or more, covered with a smooth 
and even olive-blackish bark, and furnished with a few 
scattered, distant, single, very short and small, but strong, 
thick, conical, straight spines, three-fourths of an inch long, 
each seated on a small knob. Branches spreading, but not 
peculiarly straggling, nor with the stunted habit of E. 
Crista Galli, L., few in number, distant, elongated, some- 
what simple and straight, growing mostly horizontally, and 
forming an irregular, spreading head of fine, densely-clus- 
tered, bright green foliage ; armed with spines similar to 
those of the trunk, except those of the last year's growth, 
which are unarmed, thick in proportion to their length, 
strongly wrinkled upwards annularly, and marked with the 
scars of the fallen petioles ; otherwise smooth, and of a dark 
olive-green. Leaves deciduous in Madeira, the tree con- 
tinuing naked from December to June, produced in tufts at 
the ends of the branches, coming out at the same time, but 
on different branches from those which produce the flowers, 
of a dark but bright green. Stipules (at the base of the 
petiole) very small, membranous and quickly deciduous, 
densely furfuraceous, ovato-acuminate. Petioles quite un- 
armed, round, five or six inches long, covered with a dense, 
furfuraceous, pale ferruginous, or tawny coat. Petiolules 
thickened, short, articulated upon the petioles, with a pair 
of minute, ovate, acute, fleshy, dark-green stipulets (sti~ 
pella) at the joint of the terminal leaflet, and a single one 
on the outer or lower side of the joint of each lateral 
one. Leaflets three, large, covered, principally beneath 
and while young, with a copious furfuraceous, pale yellow- 
ish-brown tomentum, which on the upper surface at least 
finally wears off and nearly disappears : all very obtuse, 
subcordate, or truncate at the base, and slightly three- 
nerved ; all the nerves pale, more furfuraceous than the 
rest, prominent beneath, quite straight, nearly simple. 
The terminal leaflet is subdeltoid or somewhat three-lobed, 
broader almost at the base than long, the three lobes 
rounded or very obtuse and shallow. The lateral leaflets 
are smaller and rounded, scarcely at all deltoid or three- 
lobed. 



lobed. Racemes unarmed, a foot long, conical, several at 
the ends of a leafless branch from the base of its terminal, 
yet unexpanded leaf-bud ; widely divaricate, horizontal, 
and growing out at right angles with the branch, densely 
furfuraceo-tomentose in all its parts except the base of its 
main -stem, which is more or less naked, and dark blackish- 
purple on the upper side, and wherever the coat is acci- 
dentally rubbed off; the main stem is nearly as thick as the 
little finger at the base, then gradually attenuated, round 
throughout and perfectly straight. Flowers produced in 
June and July, very conspicuous, large, and handsome, in 
irregular, distant, partial whorls of from four to eight or 
thereabouts ; the stamens and carina always directed to- 
wards the base of the raceme. Bracteolas at the base of 
the pedicels, scarcely visible, very minute or obsolete, quick- 
ly deciduous ; none at the apex as in E. poianthes, Brot. 
Pedicels round, densely furfuraceous, generally three to- 
gether, seldom more, occasionally only one or two, growing 
at right angles to the main stem, but irregularly all round 
it, half an inch long. Flower-buds elongated, round, sub- 
lageniform, their ends truncated obliquely. Calyx densely 
furfuraceo-tomentose, pale brown, of a leathery but soft 
substance, dimidiate, or splitting partly down on the upper 
side, and resembling a campanulate spatha ; the lower 
lamina or limb or part opposite to the cleft, broad, wrink- 
led across, truncated obliquely, and with five irregular, 
blunt, shallow, nearly equal, small teeth. Standard re- 
flexed, large, ample, as broad (an inch and a half to two 
inches) as long, bright orange-red (red-lead approaching to 
vermillion) ; its limb broad oval scarcely notched, faintly 
lined or striated ; the claw short, green at its base. Wings 
exserted, longer than the calyx, ovate, concave, imbricated 
and closing over the keel, about three-fourths of an inch 
long and half an inch broad; at first green, finally chesnut- 
red, their edge intense purple-red. The two petals of the 
keel are similar in shape and colour to the wings but 
smaller; they can scarcely be said to form any keel, but are 
imbricated beneath the two wings, their tips appearing 
a little beyond these last. Stamens submonadelphous ; 
sometimes apparently diadclphous, nine and one, but the 
tube is only split a little farther down than usual, and the 
upper single stamen is united at the base with the rest. 
However, nine of the stamens are farther and more per- 
fectly united to each other than to the tenth in most cases. 
The tube formed by their filaments is pale green or white 
at the base, deep crimson or purple upwards, cleft half-way 

down 



down or more on the upper side ; abruptly deflexed at the 
base, then straight and ascending, far exserted, i. e. an inch 
or more beyond the keel and wings. Filaments free for 
about half an inch below the anthers, smooth, deep pur- 
plish-red; five longer than the rest. Anthers small, brown. 
Pollen greenish-brown, subtrigonal, equilateral, the angles 
very obtuse or rounded. Style as long as the anthers, deep 
red. Stigma small, capitate. Ovary slender, elongated, 
tomentose, subcompressed. Not unfrequently there are 
two ovaries with their styles in one flower, which in other 
respects preserves its symmetry, except that the tube of the 
filaments is split farther down. Ovules numerous, but few 
come to maturity. Pods ripe in December ; the only one 
I have ever seen was about three inches long and half an 
inch broad, two-seeded, oblong, compressed, contracted 
between the seeds, beaked at the apex, stipitate and atten- 
uated at the base, perfectly smooth and even, or with a few 
faint, irregular veins or wrinkles, dark brown, gaping 
a little at the suture, on each side the edge of which runs 
a slight groove accompanied by a rib. Internally, it ap- 
pears separated into as many large, irregular cells as there 
are perfect seeds : the spaces between them as well as the 
beak and the slender base of the pod being filled with a 
hard, spongy mass, like pith. Seeds much smaller than their 
cells, smooth and even, of a uniform vermillion-red, each with 
a regular equilateral, trapeziform or lozenge-shaped, black 
mark, rather larger and better defined than in E. poianthes, 
Brot., close below the hilum, which is itself convex, with a 
fine groove down its middle, and dark- brownish : the seeds 
are of a tumid kidney shape, the back rounded, with a very 
slight trace of keel j one-third of an inch long and a quarter 
broad. The Pods are very rarely produced in Madeira, 
the flowers usually falling off together with their pedicels. 
This is the case indeed with all ErythrinjE here. 

The only individual of this noble species which I have seen in 
flower is growing amidst a plantation of other rare exotic trees in the 
garden of the Quinta de Valle near Funchal, at a height of three hundred 
or four hundred feet above the sea. Of its particular history and intro- 
duction it is now impossible to learn any thing with precision. It was 
probably imported by a former proprietor of the place, Mr. J. Murdoch, 
with many other rare exotics, inmates of our stoves and greenhouses in 
England, which have now attained, in this favoured spot, the size and 
luxuriance of forest trees. Lowe. 

I am indebted to the Rev. R. T. Lowe, for the above description, 
and for the drawing made from the living plant in Madeira. It is to be 
hoped that it will not he long ere our gardens are in possession of this 
splendid species. 

Fig. 1. Legumen. 2, 3. Seeds : — nat. size. 



W2S. 




vrj.H.Mt* 



/!>*- *»• £ Curtis Otfcmmd fmm tynlUW 



SmunSc 



( 3228 ) 

PSYCHOTRIA DAPHNOIDES. DAPHNE-LIKE 
PSYCHOTRIA. 

******************** 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Rubiace^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cal. tubus ovatus, limbus brevis 5-lobus, 5-dentatus, aut 
subinteger. Cor. mfundibuliformis, brevis, 5-fida, regu- 
lars, limbo patente aut recurvo, fauce barbata aut glabra. 
Stam. 5, antheris exsertis, aut in fauce inclusis. Stigma 
bifidum. Bacca drupacea, dipyrena, calycis limbo coro- 
nata, per exsiccationem obtuse 10-costata, pyrenis char- 
taceo-coriaceis costatis 1-spermis. Semen erectum, albu- 
mine cartilagineo, embryone parvo basilari. — Arbuscula;, 
Frutices, rarius Herbae cequinoctiales . Folia opposita, peti- 
olata. Stipulee vari&. Pedunculi nunc axiltares, s&pius 
terminates. Flores paniculati aut corymbosi, rarius 4-meri, 
et interdum in iisdem individuis 5 et i-meri. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Psychotria* daphnoides ; fruticosa dichotoma glabra, ra- 
mis furcatis precipue apicem versus foliosis, foliis obo- 
vatis basi attenuatis, stipulis suboibicularibus bidenta- 
tis parvis, corymbis terminalibus paucifloris, corolla? 
ore villoso. 

Psychotria daphnoides. Allan Cunningh. in Hort. Reg. 
Kew. 



Descr. Apparently a small shrub, with terete, forked, 
glabrous branches. Leaves opposite, about an inch long, 

submembranaceous, 



* From ■bvx*, life, and rfttpv, to support ; on account of the powerful me- 
dicinal properties of the Psychotria emetica. 



submembranaceous, quite entire, attenuated at the base 
and sessile. Stipules small, membranous, roundish, with 
two teeth at the extremity. Flowers in small, few-flowered, 
terminal, pedunculated corymbs, generally bearing three 
flowers at the extremity of each ramification. Calyx small, 
adherent with the ovary, subglobose, slightly downy, 
with two small bracteas at its base, and crowned with five 
minute teeth. Corolla somewhat hypocrateriform, pure 
white : the tube a little ventricose, clothed with hairs : the 
limb of five oval, concave, spreading, obtuse segments. 
Stamens much exserted. Anthers linear-oblong, pale grey. 
Style scarcely reaching to the mouth of the corolla, tipped 
with a rather large, bifid, glandular stigma. 

An inhabitant of the margins of woods on the banks of 
Brisbane River, New Holland, where it was discovered by 
Allan Cunningham, Esq., and by him a living plant was 
introduced to the Royal Gardens at Kew, in 1829. A 
flowering specimen was obligingly transmitted by W. T. 
Aiton, Esq. It requires a warm greenhouse, where it 
flowers in the month of April, at which time our specimens 
were communicated. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Pistil. 3. Stipules : magnified. 



3229. 




..**•' C forxfall M. 



( 3229 ) 

Brassavola nodosa. Fragrant 
Brassavola. 

********************* 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala et Petala subaequalia, libera, acuminata. Label- 
lum cucullatum, integrum, columnam involvens. Columna 
marginata, clavata, stigmate infundibulari, clinandrio pos- 
tice tridentato. Pollinia 8, subaequalia, quibusdam aliis 
parvis interjectis. Anthera 4-locuIaris, septis marginatis, 
loculis semipartitis. — Herbae caulescentes, epiphytal, apice 
folium unicum vel alterum, semicylindraceum, carnosum, 
supra sulcatum, apice subulatum gerentes. Flores termi- 
nales > magni, speciosi. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Brassavola nodosa ; labello cordato-acuminato basi an- 
gusto involuto, sepalis petalisque labelli longitudine 
linearibus acuminatis, columnae dentibus lateralibus 
integris intermedio bi- tridentato. 

Brassavola nodosa. Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orchid, p. 114. 

Epidendrum nodosum. Linn. Sp. PL p. 1350. Jacq. Amer. 
p. 226. t. 140. 

Cymbidium nodosum. Sw. Nov. Act. Ups. v. 6. p. 73. 
Spreng. Syst. Veget. v. 3. p. 722. 

Viscum delphinii flore minus, &c. Sloane, Jam. v. I. p. 
251. t. 121. f. 3. 



Descr. From a short, horizontal rootstock, which throws 
out a few simple fibres, there arise three or four or more 
stems, five or six inches high, terete, jointed and clothed 

with 



with striated, membranous, whitish-green sheaths, spotted 
with brown, each terminated by a single, thick, fleshy, rigid, 
subulate leaf, semiterete at the back, furrowed in front, of a 
very dark green colour. At the base of this leaf, and from 
a sheathing scale, appears the pedunculated raceme, shorter 
than the leaf, of about from ten to twelve moderate sized 
flowers, fragant at night. Sepals patent, yellowish-green, 
linear-acuminate, rather longer than the labellum ; petals 
smaller and narrower, but of the same colour. Labellum 
from a cylindrical, involute, greenish base, suddenly ex- 
panding into a whitish cordato-ovate, acuminated, carinated 
extremity, the margins often reflexed. Column short, con- 
cealed within the involute base of the labellum, cylindrical, 
white, with three lanceolate, erect teeth at the extremity, of 
which two are lateral or almost in front, and entire, the third 
dorsal, bi- trifid at the extremity. Anther terminal, almost^ 
concealed by the teeth, hemisphaerical, with eight cells and 
pollen-masses, four smaller attached to the anterior extre- 
mity of as many caudicula, and four larger, affixed to the 
opposite extremity; some lesser globules are likewise at- 
tached to the sides of the caudicula. 

From the stove of Charles Horsfall, Esq. Mayor of 
Liverpool, who received it from William Parke, Esq. of 
Kingston, Jamaica, in 1830, and obligingly accompanied it 
by the excellent drawing here engraved, from the pencil of 
Mrs. Horsfall. The plant had remained dormant, without 
showing any signs of vegetation for about six months after 
its arrival in this country, and then put forth one shoot, 
which attained its full growth in the course of two months, 
when the individual again became dormant for about the 
same period as before. In January 1832, it produced its 
blossoms, which the gardener, Mr. Henry Evans, observed 
to be fragrant at night. 

This species is assuredly the same as the plant above 
referred to in Sloane, whose figure, indeed, is far more 
characteristic than that of Jacquin. 



Fig. 1. Labellum. 2. Back view of a Column. 3. Front view of ditto. 
4 Anther with its Pollen Masses. 5. Anther Case. 6. Pollen Mass.— 
Magnified. 




J-fjtmu Ju: 



'*"»" -V />«r ..^rui.; 



( 3230 ) 

CORYDALIS LONGIFLORA. LoNG-FLOWERED 
CORYDALIS. 

&- ■ v l / - alt &- Jlfc alt alt .'!'. alt alt .^V. alt A s l / . alt al t li t A *i s. dt 
f» VIS MS MS 1* M v MS MS V MS MS 4 s MS MS «F MS MS V MS ™ 

CZ«ss awrf Order. 

DlADELPHIA HEXANDRIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Fumariace^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Petala 4, unicum basi calcaratum. Siliqua 2-valvis com- 
pressa polysperma. — Herbse glabra, scepe glauca. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Corydalis* longifiora; caule simplici squamigero, foliis bi- 
ternatim sectis, segmentis subtrifidis lobis obovato- 
oblongis, racemo terminali laxifloro, bracteis ovato- 
lanceolatis pedicello brevioribus, calcare subulato 
pedicello longiore. Graham. 

Corydalis longifiora. Pers. Syn. PI. v. 2. p. 269. De 
Cand. Syst. Veg. v. 2. p. 116. ib. Prodr. v.l.p. 127. 
Spreng. Syst. Veg. v. 3. p. 160. Link et Otto, Icon. 
PL Rar. pars I. p. 3. t. 2. 

Fumaria longifiora. Willd. Syst. PL v. 3. p. 860. 

Fumaria Schangini. Pall. Act. Petrop. 1779, v. 2. p. 267. 
t. 14./ 1—3. 

(/3.) Fumaria caudata. Lam. Diet. v. 2. p. 569. (fid. D C.) 
Ibid. Encycl. v. 3. p. 563 ? (fid. Willd.) 

Corydalis caudata. Pers. Syn. PL v. 2. p. 269. (fid. D C.) 

Descr. Tuber globular, about the size of a hasel nut. 
Stem to the uppermost flower six to eight inches high, 
nearly erect, subpellucid, slightly glaucous, leafy at its 

base, 



* From KopvXaXH;, a lark, from the long spur or claw of the flower, resem- 
bling that of a lark. 



base, sheathed. Leaves shorter than the stem, lengthening 
somewhat after the flowers have faded, glaucous, biternate; 
leaflets subtrifid, lobes obovato-oblong. Raceme terminal; 
rachis tapering ; flowers scattered loosely ; pedicels (half an 
inch long) gradually lengthening as the fruit forms, suh- 
erect, round, glabrous, reddish. Bracteas single at the 
base of each pedicel, rather shorter than the pedicels when 
in flower, ovato-lanceolate, obtuse, gradually diminishing 
upwards, nerved. Flower (an inch and three quarters long) 
pale rose-coloured, petals slightly cohering at the base, 
limb concave, that of the three upper petals fleshy, the 
upper and lower nearly equal, upper suberect, lower almost 
straight, wings shorter, their limb oblong, keeled, blood-red 
in the upper half, cohering at the apex, keel, when placed 
under the microscope found to be tubercled near the apex, 
claw long, slender, linear : spur tapering, nearly straight. 
Filaments diadelphous, three cohering within the upper 
and three within the lower petal, free for a very little way 
at the apex only. Anthers yellow, pollen-granules sphaeri- 
cal. Stigma green, compressed, blunt, sagittate at the 
base, crowning the anthers. Germen oblong-linear, an- 
gled, ovules numerous. 

Tubers of this plant, which is a native of the Altaic 
Mountains, were received at the Botanic Garden, Edin- 
burgh, from Berlin, in 1832, and flowered in the green- 
house, during the December and January following. 
Graham. 



Fig. 1. Side view of a Flower, from which the Petals, 4 and 5, are 
removed. 2. Pistil. 3. Three of the Stamens cohering by their Filaments, 
— Slightly magnified. 




r.iM. m 



/>,{,/;■ J l'uHis 4lj» tmtl ,i \jr., n . .fynf /;, r 



( 3231 ) 

Gelonium fasciculatum. Cluster-flow- 
ered Gelonium. 

f'i||l^j | r»fo^-»»i | ii> » f' i| fi |i<f< >i| i 

Class and Order. 

DlOECIA POLYANDRIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Euphorbiace^. ) 

Generic Character. 

Mores dioici. Calyx 5-partitus, reflexus; prasfloratio 
convolutiva. Petala o. Masc. Stamina 12 aut multo 
plura, receptaculo multiglanduloso imposita, filamentis 
exsertis, antheris adnatis, extrorsis, oblongis. Fjsm. Stig- 
mata 2 — 3 sessilia, lacera ; ovarium carnosum, disco glan- 
duloso impositum, 2 — 3-loculare, loculis 1-ovulatis. Fruc- 
tus capsularis, 2 — 3-coccus. Juss. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Gelonium * fasciculatum ; foliis ellipticis obtusis, floribus 
fasciculatis fcemineis stigmatibus brevibus apice laceris. 
Gelonium fasciculatum. Roxb. Hort. Bengh.p. 73. 



Descr. A glabrous shrub, or, probably, small tree, with 
rounded, green branches and alternate leaves, which are on 
very short petioles, elliptical, but sometimes approaching 
to oblong, at other times almost ovate, obtuse, the margins 
entire, or in the younger leaves not unfrequently furnished 
with a few coarse serratures. Stipules very caducous, 
falling off as the young leaf unfolds, and apparently of the 
same nature as those of the fig-tribe. Peduncles opposite to 
the leaves, short and branched, so that the flowers appear 
to be fascicled. The perianth is of a greenish-white colour, 

consistius 



A name given by Dr. Roxburgh, of which the derivation is not stated. 



consisting of five oval leaflets, slightly jagged at the edge. 
Male flowers with a wrinkled, fleshy disk in the centre, 
which bears several stamens : Filaments white ; Anthers 
oblong, yellow. Female Flowers, according to Dr. Rox- 
burgh's drawings in the East India Company's Museum, 
with a similar perianth, and annular disk, surrounding a 
rounded, three-lobed germen, crowned with three spread- 
ing, wedge-shaped stigmas, lacerated at the extremity. 

Introduced from the East Indies to the Royal Gardens of 
Kew, whence specimens and a drawing were kindly com- 
municated by Mr. Aiton. It exists probably in other col- 
lections ; for Mr. Aiton observes that it bears the name of 
Saragoda glabra in some gardens : — and by that generic 
name it was probably Dr. Roxburgh's intention once to 
distinguish it ; for he observes in the Flora Indica, where 
two other specimens are mentioned, (G. bifarium and lan- 
ceolatum) that the Telinga name is Soora-gada. It flowers 
in August, and requires the heat of a stove. I have only 
seen specimens of the male plant. The pistil I have copied 
from Dr. Roxburgh's figure in the India House. 



Fig. 1. Flower-bud. 2. Portion of the glandular body of the Male 
Flower, bearing Stamens. 3 and 4. Anthers. 5. Pistil from a Female 
Flower (copied from Dr. Roxburgh's drawing) : — more or less magnified. 



3252. 




/.'. ■:■{, rfJ/UZ^^i^ C.M.JU A| iy ICmHk MMMMMfJhA A,/ /JW 



( 3232 ) 

Hydrastis Canadensis. American 
Hydrastis. 

Class and Order. 

POLYANDRIA PoLYGYNIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Ranunculace^. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 3-sepalus, sepalis ovatis ; Pet. o. Stamina ovari- 
aque plurima. Cariopsides baccatae, plurimae in capitulum, 
stylo terminatae, 1-loculares, 1 — 2-spermae. Semina obo- 
voidea laevigata. D. C. 

For Specific Name and St/non?/?ns and Description and 
Figure of the Flowering Plant see our Tab. 3019. 



Under the remarks at the Figure just quoted,, I mention- 
ed the great rarity of this plant, and that, notwithstanding 
the extensive correspondence I enjoyed with the Botanists of 
North America, it had never been in my power to examine 
a native specimen. Through the kindness of Dr. Darling- 
ton of West Chester, Pennsylvania,! have lately been placed 
in communication with Dr. Short of Lexington, Kentucky, 
and amongst a very extensive collection which that gentle- 
man had the kindness to send me, (unquestionably one of 
the most beautiful I ever received,) I had the great pleasure 
to find specimens of Hydrastis Canadensis, and what was 
still more valuable, a beautiful drawing of the fructified 
state, as it is here given, taken from the living plant. 

If in the flowering state, Hydrastis Canadensis, has little 
beauty to recommend it to general cultivation, such is not 
the case when it has arrived at maturity ; at which period, 
the two ample leaves terminating the erect and unbranched 
stem, are crowned, as it were, with the rich scarlet berry as 
large as a raspberry. It is composed of about a dozen 

obovate, 



obovate, fleshy , and very juicy pericarps, each tipped with 
its persistent, recurved style, and containing; shining, black, 
smooth seeds. The natural affinities of this plant may well 
give rise to suspicion that the fruit is better to the eye than 
the palate, and it might be dangerous to make experiments 
on its esculent properties. About Lexington, the Hydras- 
tis Canadensis appears to be not unfrequent, producing 
its inconspicuous blossoms before the leaves are fully de- 
veloped early in April, and its scarlet fruit the beginning of 
July. 



Fig. 1. Fruit. 2. Under-side of ditto, nat. size. 3. A single Carpel. 
4, 5. Seeds : magnified. 



-•:>:■. 




* IB. ,/,/• 



7U h 



ht i f.ixtnfvaJ. }^Six. .■fpnlUSSZ. 



( 3233 ) 
Epidendrum pygm^um. Dwarf Epi- 

DENDRUM. 
******************** 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — OrchidejE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala patentia, subaequalia. Petala sepalis aequalia v. 
angustiora, rarius latiora, patentia vel reflexa. Labellum 
cum marginibus columnae omnino v. parte connatum, limbo 
integro vel diviso, disco saepius calloso, costato v. tubercu- 
lato ; nunc in calcar productum ovario accretum et cuni- 
culum formans. Columna elongata: clinandrio marginato 
saepe fimbriate Anthera carnosa, 2 — 4-locularis. Polli- 
nia 4, caudiculis totidem replicatis annexa. — Herbal (Ame- 
ricana) epiphytce, caule nunc apice v. basi pseudo-bulboso, 
nunc elongato apice folioso. Folia carnosa, rarissime venis 
elevatis striata. Plores spicati, racemosi, corymbosi v. pa- 
niculati, terminates v. later ales. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Epidendrum pygmceum ; caule repente radicante, bulbis 
oblongis diphyllis apice floriferis, floribus subsessi- 
libus, sepalis ovatis acuminatis, petalis lineari-Ianceo- 
latis, labello columnar arcto adnato trilobo, lobis late- 
ralibus rotundatis incurvis intermedio integro acuto. 

Epidendrum pygmaeum. Hook, in Bot. Misc. N. Ser. p. 
49. t. US.ined. 



Descr. Stem about the thickness of a crow's quill, elon- 
gated, wavy, creeping, clothed in part with dark brown, 
sheathing scales ; throwing out from beneath rather long, 
branching roots, and from above, oblon go -lanceolate, com- 
pressed, 



pressed bulbs, each of the latter terminated by two ob- 
lon go -lanceolate, obtuse, coriaceous, spreading, dark green 
leaves, paler beneath. Flower small, solitary, from the axil 
of the two leaves, upon a very short peduncle, which is sur- 
rounded by a dark brown, sheathing bractea, and several 
lesser and pale green ones, some of which appear to be abor- 
tive flowers. Three outer segments of the perianth or sepals 
are ovato-acuminate, greenish, the two inner, or petals linear- 
lanceolate, of the same colour as the outer ones. Labellum 
white, adnate with the white, rather short, cylindrical 
column, three-lobed ; two lateral lobes large, incurved, 
rounded, the intermediate one acute, straight, tipped with 
red. Column with a tooth in front of the anther. Anther 
orange -coloured. Pollen -masses deep yellow. Germen 
clavate, acutely triquetrous. Capsule oval in its outline, 
sharply triquetrous, tipped with the withered floral cover- 
ings. 

In 1832, I had first the pleasure of receiving this plant 
from Mrs. Arnold Harrison of Aigburgh, to whom it was 
sent by her brother from Brazil. In January 1833, speci- 
mens, both in flower and in fruit, were obligingly commu- 
nicated to me by Charles Horsfall, Esq. of Liverpool, 
who received the plant from William Parke, Esq. Kings- 
ton, Jamaica. It has the habit of Dinema, LindL, but 
possesses in its flowers the true structure of an Epiden- 

DRUM. 



Fig. 1. Flower and Bractea. 2. Front view of a Flower. 3. Two of the 
Sepals, Column, and Labellum. 4. Capsule: magnified. 




X**rT.Ln* <Ut* 



J'„h b\- x i '"■/•' '>'/««n»W /■■""■ -i^ j a r.~. 



( 3234 ) 

Erythrina poianthes. Naked-flowering 
Coral-Tree. 

Class and Order. 

DlADELPHIA DECANDRIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — LeguminosjE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cal. tubulosus ore truncato subdentato aut spathaceus. 
Cor. vexillum longissimum oblongum, alas et carina dipe- 
tala vexillo multo breviores. Stamina diadclpha recta, 
decimo nunc casteris subcoalito., nunc libero alis multo 
breviore aut rarius deficiente. Legumen longum torulosum 
bivalve polyspermum. Semina ovata, hilo laterali. — Ar- 
busculae aut frutices/ranws herbae. Stipulae parvce a petiolo 
distinctm. Folia petiolata \-juga cum impari, foliolis loco 
stipellarum glandulis basi stipatis. Caules et petioli inter - 
dum aculeati. Racemi elongati, pedicellis scepe ternatim 
approximatis. Flores rubro-coccinei. Semina sepius rubro 
et nigro mixta, nitida. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Erythrina poianthes; caule arboreo, ramis petiolisque 
sparsim aculeolatis, foliis inermibus ovato-deltoideis 
obtusis basi subcordatis, junioribus utrinque petiolis 
ramulis racemisque ferrugineo-pubescentibus subto- 
mentosis., calycibus tubuloso-campanulatis subcar- 
nosis pubescentibus, ore constricto truncato dentibus 
obsoletiSj vexillo lineari-lanceolato elongato subfalcato, 
staminibus subdiadelphis inclusis vexillo paullum brevi- 
ore, carina absque parvis inclusis calycem aequantibus. 

Erythrina poianthes. Brotero in Linn. Trans, v. 14. p. 
342. t. 10, 11. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. t. 1246. De Cand. 
Prodr. v. 2. jo. 41 1. Spreng. Syst. Veget. v. 3. p. 243. 

Descr. A low tree, fifteen to twenty feet high, with the trunk and 
branches thick in proportion, the former being sometimes four feet in 
circumference. Branches at first erect and straight, but soon becoming 
curved and even bent downwards from their own weight and the pecu- 
liar softness of the wood, which is so light and pithy when dried, as to 
resemble cork, and splits very readily. Drunk and branches covered 
with an even, greenish, ash-coloured bark, the smaller ones almost white, 
with small, solitary, scattered, hooked prickles : the main stem oblique, 
or even horizontal in old trees, bearing many, subdivided, erect branches, 
each tipped, from April to June, with a spike of brilliant scarlet flowers, 

which 

VOL. VII. F 



which are unaccompanied, for most of the time, with a single leaf, 
and thus present a most singular and beautiful appearance. Till the 
period of inflorescence is half over, the tree is quite naked, and does not 
produce its full foliage till July, a few racemes only continuing through 
great part of the summer. Leaves copious, large, and handsome, home 
in terminal tufts and springing from buds which are densely clothed 
with tomentose, small scales. Stipules ovate, minute and downy, fleshy, 
at length indurated, woody and permanent. Pi'ickles from a small point 
or protuberance between the stipules, close beneath the large, prominent 
scar of the petiole, and requiring at least two years for their develop- 
ment. Petioles Tound, even, with rarely more than two small, hooked 
prickles beneath, covered, when young, with tawny pubescence. Lateral 
leaflets on short, thickened stalks, each furnished with a minute stipule, 
inequilateral, ovato-deltoid, somewhat heart-shaped, obtuse, terminal 
one with a longer petiole, and two small stipules of the same figure, but 
equilateral and larger than the lateral leaflets ; all pubescent beneath 
when young : the entire leaf measuring nearly a foot in length. Raceme. 
nearly straight and erect, solitary or two or even three springing from 
the summit of each branch, and at the base of the terminal, unexpanded 
leaf-bud, consisting of numerous, closely-crowded flowers, in a dense 
cone of spirally arranged buds ; its main stem fulvo-pubescent, rounded, 
finally nearly a foot long. Fhwers of a most brilliant vermillion scaiK 
irregularly whorled. Pedicels very short, each bearing a small, ovate brac- 
tea at the base, and a pair of similar ones beneath the calyx. Calyx com- 
pressed, brownish below, reddish above, downy, rigid, fleshy, subcampanulate, 
truncated, the mouth contracted, entire, teeth obsolete or with the intervals 
filled up by a continuing membrane. Vexillum forming the whole flower, 
strongly folded together for its whole length, linear-lanceolate, narrow, obtuse, 
slightly curved upwards, faintly streaked with longitudinal darker lines. Wings 
very small, their tips just appearing beyond the calyx, oblong, concave, round- 
ed, pale reddish at the ends, pale green below, striated. Petals of the keel 
rather shorter and narrower than the wings, but nearly of the same form ana 
hue, closely embracing the base of the stamens, which last are imperfectly 
diadelphous, a little shorter than the vexillum, and generally sheathed by «■ 
Filaments white ; anthers small, linear ; pollen triquetrous. Style subulate J 
stigma acute. Pod four to nine inches long, compressed, beaked, smooth, 
dark brown, irregularly moniliform, containing a pithy substance, and two to 
four seeds, which are oval, of a dull scarlet, with a small, black lozenge- 
shaped mark just below the hilum. 

Not an unfrequent inmate of the gardens in Madeira, to which it was pro- 
bably brought immediately from Portugal where it is much cultivated, tn 
native country of this splendid tree being Asia. Besides its singularity ana 
beauty, the facility with which the various species of Erythrina are pro- 
pagated is no small recommendation. Every branch, however rudely j>r- 
ken and carelessly stuck in the ground, will readily take root and gr° w - ! y 
flowers are perfectly scentless, like those of the other Coral-Trees; tney 
spread horizontally as they continue to expand, the lower ones opening n 
and falling off in succession as the upper ones advance : thus the racem 
preserve throughout the appearance of a candelabrum. In Madeira, few p° ' | 
are produced, the blossoms almost all dropping off with the calyx entire, an 
leaving the pedicels attached to the main stem for some little time lon £ ^ 
These, however, fall also, before the uppermost flowers of the raceme n& 
opened. 

The individual plant from which the drawing and description were , t y 

fows in the garden of the Quinta da Valle, close to its rival in beau ), 
rythrina velutma. Rev. R. T. Lowe. 

Fig. 1, Corolla. 2, 3. Win. 4. The two Petals of the Keel, not. size. 5. Po" en ' * 

nitieH. fi Pod. 7 K «o«J„ ..„» ~„ 




*.///. ./,/./ 



Alt) i.Cm^tU ■-/„«. „„,„/ / „,.iUr/jm 



( 3235 ) 
Santalum album. Sandal Wood. 

********************* 

Class and Order. 
Tetrandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Santalace*:. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium 4-fidum, tubo ventricoso, deciduum. Glan- 
dular 4, fauci insertae, staminibus alternantes. Stigma 3 — 4- 
lobum. Drupa baccata, apice marginata. — Arbores v. 
frutices glabri. Folia opposita, plana, latiuscula. Flores 
terni in pedunculis opposite ramosis: bracteis caducis. Br. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Santalum* album; foliis ovato-lanceolatis venosis, raceinis 

paniculatis. 
Santalum album. Linn. Sp. PL p. 497. Roxb. Ff. Indie. 

v. 1 . p. 462. 
Sandalum album. Rumph. Amboyn. v. 2. p. 42. t. \l. 



Descr. Trunk twenty to thirty feet high, branched low 
down, two and a half to three feet in circumference. Bark 
brownish, scabrous, longitudinally cleft. Branches numer- 
ous, much divided, spreading, and rising in every direction, 
forming nearly a sphaerical head : the young shoots round 
and smooth. Leaves opposite, petioled, oblong, smooth, 
entire, glaucous below, from one and a half to three inches 
long. Petioles smooth. Thyrsi of jloicers axillary and 
terminal. Pedicels opposite, the lower pair of each thyrsus 
generally three-flowered. Flowers numerous, small, at first 
straw-coloured, changing to a deep, ferruginous purple, 
scentless, as are all the external parts of the growing plant, 

even 



* From the Arabic Ssa?idal ; or from the Persian Sundul-sufcd. 



this has been done, is commonly called root Sandal, and is 
of superior quality. In smoothing the billets, chips of the 
Sandal are of course cut off; so are also fragments in squar- 
ing their ends. These chips and fragments, with the 
smaller assortment of billets, answer best for the Arabian 
market ; and from them the essential oil is distilled. The 
larger billets are sent to China ; and the middle-sized ones 
are used in India. The Sandal, when thus prepared and 
sorted, for at least three or four months before it is sold, 
ought to be shut up from the sun and wind in close ware- 
houses ; but the longer it is kept, with such precautions, the 
better; its weight diminishing more than its smell. Pre- 
pared in this way, it rarely either splits or warps ; both of 
which accidents render it unfit for many of the purposes to 
which it is applied. 

Before the year 1797, Sandal-wood was sorted into three 
sizes. Of the first size, thirty-five pieces made a Candy of 
560lbs. : of the second size, forty-five pieces, and of the 
third size, fifty-five pieces. Since the year 1797, the sizes 
have been reduced. The first sort now contains sixty-five, 
the second sort seventy-two, and the third sort ninety pieces. 
All pieces smaller than these, all rank and knotty pieces, 
whatever may be their size, together with cuttings, roots, 
and the like, are called Carippu, and form a fourth sort. 
The chips which are removed in polishing the logs form a 
fifth assortment. The first three sorts only are exported to 
China, the Carippu to Bengal and Muscat, but to the former 
in the greatest quantity. The chips are sent to Bombay, 
Cutch, and Muscat. 

The Sandal-wood of the Sandwich Islands, of which I 
possess specimens gathered by Mr. Menzies, and by Mr. 
Macrae, is a very different species, and is Santalum Frey- 
cinetianum of Gaudichand, and is almost the only article 
of commerce that those islands produce ; by means of it, 
a very lucrative trade has been carried on with China. 
Five new species of this Genus are also given by Mr. Brown 
as natives of New Holland, mostly of the tropical parts. 

The wood of a species of Pterocarpus, the P. santalinus, 
is also known in commerce by the name of Red Sandal-wood, 
having been sent to Linnaeus, says Sir J. E. Smith, from the 
East Indies as a kind of Santalum rubrum, or red Sanders- 
wood, and ascertained to be such by Konig : it is described 
as a hard and heavy wood, of a deep red colour, with black 
veins, and as taking a fine polish. Santaline of M. Pel- 
letier, is the colouring principle extracted from this wood. 



3256. 




Rib b, .'. Cartas Gtaxmmd ~E.<sex MfJjUSS 



( 3236 ) 

Dryandra armata. Sharp-pointed 
Dryandra. 

******************** 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Proteace^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium quadripartitum vel quadrifidum. Stamina 
apicibus concavis laciniarum immersa. Squamuhz hypo- 
gynas 4. Ovarium uniloculare, biovulatum : Ovula post 
fcecundationem cohaerentia. Folliculus lignosus. Disse- 
pimentum ligneum, semibifidum fructus maturi omnino 
simile. Receptaculum commune planum, floribus indeter- 
minatim confertis ; paleis angustis, raro nullis. lnvolucrum 
commune imbricatum. — Frutices plerumque humiles. Rami 
dum adsint sparsi vel umhellati. Folia sparsa, pinnatifida 
vel incisa, planted juvenilis conformia. Involucra solitaria, 
terminalia, raro lateralia, sessilia, foliis confertis, interiori- 
bus quandoque nervis obvallata, hemispharica, bracteis ad- 
pressis, in quibusdam apice appendiculatis. Stylus sape pe- 
rianthio vix longior. Br. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Dryandra armata ; foliis pinnatifidis lobis triangularibus 
planis divaricatis rectis spinoso-mucronatis terminali 
proximis longiore subtus reticularis venulis nudis, ra- 
mis perianthiique laciniis glabris, stylo basi pubescenti, 
stigmate subulato sulcato. Br. in Linn. Trans, v. 10. 
p. 213. Ejusd. Prodr. v. 1. p. 297. Spreng. Sj/st. 
Veget. v. \.p. 486. 



Descr. A much branching shrub; branches flexuose, 
glabrous, clothed with a brown bark. Leaves alternate ; 

often 



often fasciculated, on short branches, patent or reflexed, 
very rigid, lanceolate, glabrous, below only furnished with 
several rather long, rigid, dark-coloured hairs, deeply pin- 
natifid, the segments patent, triangular, acute and mucro- 
nate, dark green above, paler beneath, marked with nume- 
rous reticulated, slightly elevated veins, which are glabrous, 
while the small areolae are white as if mealy. Involucre 
terminal, solitary, of numerous imbricated, linear scales, 
clothed with short, dark brown hairs, surrounded by a sort 
of ray of numerous leaves. Flowers numerous, long, slen- 
der, yellow, deeply divided into four very narrow, linear 
laciniae, slightly enlarged upwards, in which portion the 
linear anthers are, as it were imbedded. Pollen copious, 
and as well as the anthers, yellow. 

In the inestimable Prodromus Ft. Nova; Hollandia of 
Mr. Brown, thirteen species of Dryandra are enumerated, 
and in the Supplement to the same work, twelve new spe- 
cies are added ; all of them, as Mr. Brown observes, natives 
of the South-western shores. " It is worthy of remark," 
says that gentleman, " that while Banksia is generally 
spread over all the coasts of New Holland ana of Van 
Diemen's Island, Dryandra has hitherto been observed 
only on that part of the South coast called Lewin's Land, 
where, however, its species are nearly as numerous and 
abundant as those of Banksia itself." D. armata was dis- 
covered by that gentleman in the country just mentioned, 
and from seeds sent from thence by the late Mr. Fraser, 
plants have been raised in the Glasgow Botanic Garden, 
which flowered in February, 1833. 



Fig. 1. Segment of a Leaf, seen from beneath. — Magnified. 




XJJSM? 



Pui, |r ,f luZts KlajuyimMHi Sim .KpJ MW 



( 3237 ) 

Heteropteris chrysophylla. Golden- 
leaved Chrysophylla. 

******************** 

Class and Order. 
Decandria Trigynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — MALPiGHiACEiE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-partitus, extus ad basin 8 — 10-glandulosus. Pe- 
tala unguiculata, subrotunda. Stam. 10 filamentis subula- 
tis basi cohaerentibus. Styli 3 sursum non dilatati. Car- 
pella indehiscentia 3, monosperma, subdistincta, dernurn 
separabilia, desinentia in alam simplicem membranaceam 
deorsum (nee superne) incrassatani. Semen l 3 pendulum 
in quoque loeulo. Cotyledones crassae inaequales. Radi- 
cula superaad hilum versa. — Arbores, fruticesve scepe scan- 
dentes. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Heteropteris* chrysophylla ; foliis ovato-oblongis acutius- 
culis versus apicern subsinuatis subtus tomentoso-niti- 
dis aureis, petiolis brevissimis apice biglandulosis, 
Boribus axillaribus paniculatis. 

Heteropteris chrysophylla. Humb. et Kunth, Nov. Gen. 
et Sp. v. 5. p. 163. Be Cand. Prodr. v. 1. p. 391. 

Banisteria chrysophylla. Lam. Diet. v. 1. p. 368. Cav. 
Diss. t. 24. Jacq. Hort. Schaenbr. t. 105. 



Descr. A twining shrub, attaining to a great length, 
with opposite, rounded branches, clothed with dense ap- 
pressed, rusty, and shining hairs, the younger ones com- 
pressed. 



* "ETtpo?, various, and wTifo<, a icing, from the variable shape of the wing 
nf the fruit. 



pressed. Leaves opposite,, on short, rounded petioles, oval, 
or oval-oblong, entire, somewhat acute and waved, coria- 
ceous, dark green and glabrous above, marked beneath, 
with several glands near the margin, and clothed with a 
beautiful golden-brown, satiny pubescence, as are the pe- 
tioles, which have moreover two lateral, green, convex 
glands near the extremity. Peduncles axillary, bearing an 
umbellated panicle, much shorter than the leaves. Calyx 
five-partite, clothed with rusty pubescence, and bearing 
eight large, oblong, bright-green, shining, prominent glands. 
Corolla of five petals, which are roundish-oval, minutely 
crenulate, unguiculate, orange-coloured, becoming deeper 
and almost red in age. Stamens ten, erect '.filaments subu- 
late ; five alternately smaller ; anthers roundish, reflexed, 
black at the back, pale and almost white in front. Germen 
ovate, clothed with dense, rusty hairs. Styles three, short, 
terete, green. 

For the opportunity of figuring this desirable inmate o( 
the stove, with the rich and golden clothing to the under- 
side of its leaves, I am indebted to J. T. Mackav, Esq. who 
sent it from the Dublin College Botanic Garden, in the 
early part of March, 1833. It is a native of Brazil and the 
Caraccas, and I have received splendid specimens from the 
late Rev. L. Guilding of St. Vincent's. In the older state 
of the plant, I find the glands to be obsolete, and thus, ex- 
cept in the larger terminal and leafy panicles, I do not see 
how Mr. Lindley's H. nitida, 0, differs as a species. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Petal. 3. Anther. 4. Pistil : — magnified. 



52S8. 




rJMtua 



HU' if- S '.fart! (;'<>lft:imvf r ~ar Xm X Wlf 



( 3238 ) 

POGOSTEMON PLECTRANTHOIDES. PlECTRAN- 
THUS-LIKE POGOSTEMON. 

A A 1 , fit "V- ^V ."V- <&. "fr ^ .4'. ■4'. &■ .•&, 4^ 4*. St' -fr. .4*- 4* .4*. 
4* MS MS -T- MS MF MS Mr M> M> MS MS MS MS MS MS MS MS MS MS 

CZass «nrf Order. 

DlDYNAMIA GYMNOSPERMIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Labiate. Div. MenthoidejE. Benth. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cal. aequalis, 5-dentatus. Cor. 4-fida, subbilabiata, labio 
superiore trifido patente, inferiori integerrimo acuto subde- 
flexo. Stam. 4, exserta, distantia, subdeclinata. Filamenta 
barbata. Anther a terminates, 1-loculares, rima transversali 
dehiscentes. Benth. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Pogostemon * plectranthoides ; suffruticosum, foliis ovatis 
petiolatis inaequaliter dentatis pubescentibus, spicis 
secundis obtusis. Desf. 

Pogostemon plectranthoides. Desf. in Mem. du Mus. v. 
2. p. 155. p. 6. Wall. Cat. Herb. Ind. No. 1530. 



Descr. Stem woody, erect, obscurely four-sided, more 
distinctly so in the branches, very slightly swollen at the 
joints ; bark pale brown, striated, tomentoso-pubescent on 
the young shoots. Leaves five inches long, two and a half 
broad, opposite, petioled, spreading, ovate, acuminate, 
coarsely and unequally serrated, entire and subcuneate at 
the base, pubescent on both sides, veined, the middle rib 
and primary veins (which pass obliquely forward) promi- 
nent behind, petiole about a fourth part of the length of 
the leaf, channelled above, pubescent. Flowers in termi- 
nal, 



* From ituyw, a beard, and crl^w*, a stamen, in consequence of the beard- 
ed stamens. 



nal, bracteate panicles; rachis and its branches tomentoso- 
pubescent, sprinkled with purple spots, which are also seen 
on the back of the uppermost leaves and the lower side of 
their petioles ; bractea ovate, acute, strongly ciliated, pu- 
bescent on both sides spotted with purple. Calyx green, 
scarcely spotted, clavate, shorter than the bractea, five-cleft, 
pubescent, segments acute, subequal, the lowest rather the 
longest. Corolla white, tube slightly compressed, laterally 
declined ; limb scarcely so long as the tube, bilabiate, upper 
lip erect, trifid, segments blunt, pubescent on the outside, 
slightly reflexed at their apices, the central the smallest; 
lower lip simple, lanceolate, acute, glabrous, deflected. Sta- 
mens exserted, distant, deflected: filaments twice as long as 
the corolla, lilac, and covered on their outsides at the mid- 
dle with long lilac, moniliform hairs ; anthers pale yellow, 
unilocular, and bursting by a slit a little to one side of 
their vertex, forming two rather unequal valves. Style 
lilac, glabrous, bifid. Stigmas minute, terminal. Germen 
four-lobed, placed on a cylindrical disk. 

The seeds of this plant were received at the Royal Botamc 
Garden, Edinburgh, from Mauritius in 1830; it blossomed 
in the stove for the first time in January and February, 
1833, the blossoms coming in succession for a long time. 
Whatever it has of beauty, is derived from its long, lilac, 
bearded stamens. 

I have referred above to the Kamoun specimen in Wal- 
lich's Herbarium, with which our plant is identical, because 
more careful examination may induce Mr. Bentham to con- 
sider the specimens from other stations distinct. It is pos- 
sible that it may have been introduced to Mauritius from 
India. Graham. 

I have been favoured with a drawing and specimens of 
this plant also from the Royal Gardens of Kew, where it 
was introduced in 1830, by seeds sent from Dr. Wallich, 
and where it blossomed in December of the same year. 



Fig. 1. Flower and Braeteas. 2. Flower scarcely expanded. 3. 3. Anthers. 
4. Part of a Hair from a Filament : magnified. 




Swan Sc. 



( 3239 ) 

Azalea ledifolia, var. $, pbsenicea. Purple- 
Flowered Fragrant Indian Azalea. 

A'- A'-, A\ A'. A' A/- A'. A / . A'. A'. A'. A' *&, A" A'- A'- A*- A'- A'- 
" <T- -r> VK 7K VIS -T- -T- -r- ■T- VK VK 1* W 1* ™ VK " " 

C/ass and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Rhododendre^. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-dentatus. Cor. infundibuliformis limbo 5-fido. 
Stam. receptaculo inserta. Caps. 3 — 5-locularis, valvis 
dissepimentum formantibus. Sem. nuda. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Azalea ledifolia; floribus ternis, calyce erecto glanduloso- 

viscido, staminibus sursum curvatis. 
Azalea ledifolia. Bot. Mag. t. 2901. (White-flowered.) 
Azalea Indica, var. aliorum. 
Var. /3. phcenicea, semiduplex, floribus phaeniceis, corollae 

segmentis tribus superioribus maculatis (Tab. 3239.) 



The richly-coloured flowers of this plant make a brilliant 
appearance in the greenhouse during the months of Janu- 
ary and February, and form a striking contrast with the 
more frequent white-blossomed state; but the present is by 
no means so ready a flowerer. That it belongs to the 
same species (and not to the A. Indica) there can, I think, 
be no question ; it possesses all the essential characters, and 
the fragrance is similar, or perhaps more powerful, and 
evident to persons who are insensible to that of the white 
kind. 

I have already, under t. 2901, suggested that the double 
rose-coloured var. of Azalea Indica, t. 2509, should be re- 
ferred to this species : another var. is that given at. t. 2667 
of the present work. 




VJMda* 



RibfyJ Corfu (HaMiurml £utx .Hut /J.tSi 



( 3240 ) 

Blechnum Lanceola. Lance-shaped 
Blechnum. 

_-l / . .St'- .Sh al& .Ski .SK .Sk. .Sk. .Sk. ite .Sk. .Sk. .Sk. .Sk. alfc iSk. .Sk. ate afc 
•/JS" vj- MS f ™ V MS MS MS MS -IS MS MS MS MS MS MS MS *!• 

C/ass <md Order. 
Cryptogamia Filices. 

( Nat. Ord. — Filices. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sori lineares continui gemini utrinque ad costam. Invo- 
lucra membranacea plana versus costam dehiscentia. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Blechnum* Lanceola; frondibus caespitosis lanceolatis acu- 

minatis integris, sterili latiore. 
Blechnum Lanceola. Swartz, (according to Sprengel). 

Spreng. St/st. Veget. v. 4. p. 92. 
Blechnum lanceolatum. Raddi Sj/n. Fil. Bras. n. 1 18. Ejusd. 

FU. Bras. p. 52. t. 60./. 3. 



Descr. Root densely fibrous. Stipites several from the 
same root, tufted, two to three inches long, smooth, or 
rough with a few minute, deciduous scales. Fronds four 
to five inches long, membranaceous, lanceolate, acuminated 
simple and quite entire, glabrous, dark-green above, paler 
beneath, costate with many parallel, simple, oblique nerves, 
which reach from the costa to the margin. The sterile 
fronds, when present, are seen to be shorter and broader 
than the fertile ones. Sori linear, continuous, one on each 
side the costa, and contiguous to it. Involucrum continu- 
ous also. Capsules numerous, dark -brown. 

From the stove of the Glasgow Botanic Garden, where it 
bears its fructifications abundantly. It is increased by 

parting 



* 8>*x™h 01 ' fo*w<>h in Greek, from 0hn& powerless, insipid. 



parting the roots and planting them in moist earth placed 
between two pieces of broken garden pot, a practice., we 
believe now very general in the cultivation of Ferns, and a 
very rational one, since such fragments retain the moisture 
longer than the soil itself, and thus imitate, as it were, the 
crevices of rocks, where this beautiful tribe of plants so 
much delights to grow. 

B. Lanceola is a native of Brazil, where it appears to be 
not uncommon. It is named B. lanceolatum by Raddi, but 
Sprengel gives it as the B. Lanceola of Swartz, though I 
know not in which of that author's writings it is so called. 
It is not in his Synopsis FUicum, and Willdenow has no 
species of Blechnum with a simple and undivided frond. 



Fig. 1. Portion of a fertile Frond. — Magnified. 



f 



324-1. 




// / S. c/,n 



Si'S.Sy S. Curtis . 6fU.ienwrt*..Xr+„. ,/»n«jr/«. 



Sifatt J* 



( 3241 ) 

Cynara Cardunculus, var. Common 
Cardoon. 

Class and Order. 
Syngenesia Polygamia ./Equalis. 

( Nat. Orel. — Composite. ) 

Generic Character. 

Squamce involucri basi carnosae, spinosae. Receptaculum 
carnosum paleis fissis munitum. Pappus sessilis, plu- 
mosus. Spreng. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Cynara Cardunculus; foliis decurrentibus pinnatifidis albo- 
tomentosis, mag-is ininusve spinulosis,, squamis invo- 
lucri ovato-oblongis. 

Cynara Cardunculus. Linn. Sp. PL p. 1159. Willd. Sp. 
PL v. 3. p. 1691. Desfont. Fl. Alt. v. 2. p. 248. De 
Cand. Ft. Fr. v. 4. p. 108. Ait. Hort. Kew. ed. 2. v. 
4. p. 487. Pers. Syn. PL v. 2. p. 384. Spreng. Syst. 
Veget. v. 3. p. 368. 

Cynara sylvestris. (Artichaut sauvage.) Lam. Diet. v. I. 
p. 277. 

Common Cardoon. Mathews in Trans, of Hort. Soc. v. 7. 
p. 11. 

(0.) foliis angustis fere inermibus, involucro superne con- 
tracts squamis obtuse spinosis. Bot. Mag. t. 2862. 



After what has been said of the var. /5 of this plant, 
figured at t. 2862, it is needless to enter into a description 
of the present individual, which I take to be what Mr. 
Mathews, in his Memoir on the Cardoons above quoted, 
considers as the w common Cardoon" of our gardens, the 
* Cardon pleine inerme" of the French, " growing from 

four 

VOL. VII. G 



four to five feet high : the leaves large and strong, with 
broadish segments to the leaflets, of a shining green, with 
a little appearance of hoariness on the upper surface, and 
generally destitute of spines, though some of the plants 
have a few small ones at the base of the leaflets/' Our 
plant, which was drawn from a specimen cultivated in the 
garden of the Edinburgh Horticultural Society, had only 
very small and soft spines in the tips of the lobes of the 
leaflets. 

The descriptive pages of the variety above figured having 
been chiefly devoted to an account of the singular appear- 
ance made by this plant in the Pampas of Buenos Ayres, 
the present will be occupied by an account of the mode of 
its cultivation, as is practised at the garden of the Horti- 
cultural Society of London. 

The soil to be chosen for the growth of Cardoons, should 
be deep and light, but not over rich. The seeds are to be 
sown about the middle of April, in trenches about six 
inches deep, by twelve inches wide, into which a small 
quantity of rotten dung has been previously dug. The 
rows are to be set four feet distant from each other, and the 
seed sown in patches (three or four together) at about 
eighteen inches apart ; when the young plants have acquir- 
ed a few leaves, they should be thinned out to single plants. 
Dining the summer, they must be kept free from weeds, 
and in dry weather frequently watered. They require 
much moisture. About the end of October, when the 
plants have attained nearly their full size, a dry day is to 
be chosen, when the plants are free from damp, to com- 
mence the operation of blanching, which is thus performed. 
The leaves of each plant are carefully and lightly tied 
together with strong matting, keeping the whole upright, 
and the ribs of the leaves together. The plant is then 
bound closely round with twisted hay-bands about an inch 
and a half in diameter, beginning at the root, and contin- 
uing to about two-thirds of its height, covering the whole 
so as to prevent the earth, when applied to it, coming in 
contact with the ribs of the leaves. If the Cardoons are to 
be used early, and before frost sets in, the plants may re- 
main thus banded, without earthing up, and will become 
sufficiently blanched for use. But if there is any danger 
of their being exposed to frost, then it is necessary that 
they should be earthed up in the same manner as Celery ; 
care being taken not to raise the earth higher than the 
hay-bands. 

A more 



A more common practice is, instead of using hay-bands, 
simply to tie the leaves together with matting, and then to 
earth up the plants, like Celery ; the first earthing to be in 
the beginning of October, and then repeated once a fort- 
night, until the plants are sufficiently covered. Upon com- 
parison of the Cardoons so treated in the Horticultural 
Garden, with those blanched by hay-bands, the latter have 
been ascertained to be superior, both in colour, and in the 
greater length of the parts blanched. 

A French method of blanching has also been tried at the 
Society's garden ; it was done in the following manner : — 
The bottom of the plant was first moulded up a little, the 
leaves were then tied together with pack-thread, and the 
whole nearly to the top was enveloped with a quantity of 
long, clean straw, placed in the direction of its length, and 
then tied round with strong matting or small ropes : the 
leaves were thus blanched without being earthed up, and 
speedily became eatable. The process is good, and affords 
a neat appearance ; but it is more troublesome than that 
first mentioned, and much more expensive; because if frost 
is to be excluded from the plant, a very large quantity of 
straw must be consumed for that purpose. 

In either of the cases of the use of hay -bands or straw, it 
is very necessary, to be careful that the plants are perfectly 
dry before they are enveloped in the covering : they will 
otherwise rot. 

It is frequently the practice to sow the seeds of Cardoons 
in beds, and to transplant the young plants after they have 
been so raised ; but it has been found preferable to sow the 
seeds where it is intended the plants should remain: for they 
are then better enabled to stand a dry summer, and are, 
besides, not so liable to run to flower as when they have 
been removed. Hort. Trans. 

In Prance, the flowers of the Cardoon are gathered and 
dried in the shade ; when so preserved, they are used instead 
of rennet to coagulate milk. 

Notwithstanding that the Cynara Cardunculus is a native 
of the North of Africa, and other countries bordering upon 
the Mediterranean, it bears our climate remarkably well, 
and independent of its usefulness for domestic purposes, it 
really makes a fine appearance in a large garden, or in a 
shrubbery. 



324?. 



* ./ // </,i 




/Uf, (CmHUOtmmt 



( 3242 ) 

CORYDALIS BRACTEATA. BrACTEATED 
CORYDALIS. 

Class and Order. 

DlADELPHIA HeXANDRIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Fumariace^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Pet. 4, unicum basi calcaratum. Siliqna 2-valvis, com- 
pressa, polyspermia. — Herbae glabra scepe glauae. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Corydalis bracteata ; caule simplici diphyllo basi unisqua- 
mato squama recurvata, foliis biternatiin sectis seg- 
ments bi- vel tripartitis laciniis oblongis brevissirne 
mucronulatis subintegris, bracteis cuneatis flabellatim 
incisis pedicellos superantibus, calcare adscendente 
recto obtusissimo pedicellurn superante. Ledcb. 

Corydalis bracteata. Pers. Syn. PL v. 2. p. 269. De 
Cand. Prodr. v. 1. p. 128. Spreng. Syst. Veget. v. 3. 
p. 160. Ledeb. Fl. Altaica, v. 3. p. 243. 

Fumaria bracteata. Steph. in mild. Sp. PI. v. 3. p. 858. 



Descr. Root a globose tuber, throwing out a few radi- 
cles from its base. Stem simple, inclined at the base, then 
erect, a span or more high, bearing a recurved, oblong, 
brown, membranous scale above the base, and above it, two 
petiolated, rather glaucous leaves : these are bitemate ; the 
primary divisions on partial petioles ; the secundary ones 
sessile cuneate, more or less deeply trifid, or multihd, the 
segments linear or oblong, very obscurely mucronulate. 
Raceme terminal. Bracteas large, foliaceous, broadly cu- 
neate, multifid ; the lower ones as long as the flowers, all 
longer than the pedicels. Flowers of an uniform pale 

yellow 



yellow colour; the upper and lower petals with large round- 
ed deeply emarginate, spreading laminae, often with a muero 
in the notch : calcar or spur rather long, nearly straight, 
having only a slight curvature towards the obtuse extre- 
mity. Inner petals quite closed over the stamens and style. 
Germen linear-oblong ; Style short ; Stigma capitate. 

By the liberality of Professor Ledebour of Dorpat our 
gardens and our Herbaria have been enriched with some 
interesting species of this Genus, the result of his arduous 
journey to the Altai Mountains. The April number of our 
Magazine contains the pretty C. longiflora, of which much 
finer specimens than are there represented have been since 
communicated from the Birmingham Botanic Garden, by 
its zealous Curator, Mr. Cameron. The species here figured 
also accompanied them, and both were sent to Mr. Cameron 
by Professor Ledebour. Native specimens from the same 
able Naturalist differ only in their larger size, and the 
almost entirely straight spur to the corolla. It is cultivated 
in a cool frame, and in such a situation flowers in March. 

The species is compared by Willdenow with C nobilis; 
but that is a larger plant, and has a far more leafy stem, 
denser raceme, shorter and much incurved spur, the lan\m& 
of the upper and lower petals are smaller, and those of the 
two inner petals dark-coloured. 



Fig. 1. Bractea and Flower : magnified. 



3245. 




( 3243 ) 

epacris cer^iflora. wax-flowered 
Epacris. 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Epacrideje. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx coloratus, multibracteatus ; bracteis textura caly- 
cis. Corolla tubulosa, limbo imberbi. Stamina epipetala : 
antheris supra medium peltatis. Squamula 5, hypogynae. 
Capsula placentis columnar centrali adnatis. Br. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Epacris cerafiora; foliis lanceolatis patentissimis nudius- 
culis subaveniis apice attenuato-mucronatis margini- 
bus scabris, floribus patulis axillaribus solitariis se- 
cundis, corolla? tubo ovato calycem acutum ciliatum 
bis superante. 

Epacris ceraeflora. Graham in Edin. New Phil. Journ. 



Descr. Stem erect, branched, very slender. Branches 
tomentose, purplish. Leaves lanceolate, acuminate, dark 
green above, paler below, mucronate, subpetiolate, spread- 
ing wide. Flowers collected near the extremities of the 
branches, white, secund, peduncled, patent. Calyx seg- 
ments lanceolate, ciliated. Corolla : tube ovate, obscurely 
pentagonal, thrice as long as the calyx, pitted on the out- 
side between the calyx segments, and having, correspond- 
ing elevations within ; limb revolute, segments undulate, 
subacute. Stamens subexserted ; filaments alternating with 
the elevatiou within the tube, and adhering through their 
whole length to the inside of the corolla; anthers dark 
leaden-coloured, pollen granules white. Stigma capitate, 

sublobate, 



sublobate, flattened on the top. Style glabrous, somewhat 
thickened above its base, and again contracted, tapering a 
little towards the stigma. Germen green, glabrous, sub- 
rotund, embraced by the hypogynous scales at its base. 
Unripe Capsule subturbinate, pitted at the insertion of the 
style. Seeds erect, on a central placenta. 

This species, a native of Van Diemen's Land, was raised 
at the Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, from seeds communi- 
cated by Mr. Newbigging ; and likewise by the Rev. Ed- 
ward Craig, in January, 1831. It flowered for the first 
time in April and May, 1832, the plants being still very 
small. 

Many of the plants flowered much more freely in March 
and April this year. Graham. 






3244. 




AS iv S Curt,, GtwnrffeJ Hut, JtmmiM 



Jtnix-fc 



( 3244 ) 

Acacia decipiens, var. prsemorsa. Para 
doxical Acacia, variety. 

********************** 

Class and Order. 

POLYGAMIA MONCECIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Leguminos^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Flores polygami. Calyx 4 — 5-dentatus. Petala 4 — 5, 
nunc libera, nunc in coroTlam4 — 5-fidam coalita. Stamina 
numero vario, 10 — 200. Legumen continuum. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Acacia decipiens ; stipulis spinescentibus deciduis, phyllo- 
diis triangularibus passimque trapezoideis, nervo lateri 
inferiori approximate- in spinam producto, marline 
superiore dente acuto unico glandulifero (varietate, 
saepius praemorso dentibus duobus vel tribus glanduli- 
feris), capitulis subsolitariis multifloris. Graham. 

Acacia decipiens. (a.) Brown, in Hort. Kew. ed. 2. v. 5. p. 
465. Bot. Mag. t. 1745. De Cand. Prodr. v. 2. p. 
449. Spreng. Syst. Veget. v. 3. p. 133. 

Var. (I, praemorsa. Graham, in Ed. N. Phil. Journ. for 
April, 1833. 



Descr. Shrub erect, twigs arched, angled, glabrous ; 
bark brown on the stem, green on the twigs. Phyllodium 
with one nerve, which passes near its lower side, triangular, 
the upper angle, except at the apices of the branches, trun- 
cated, and terminating in two or three short points, tipped 
with the glands, the lower angle extended into a prickle 
the continuation of the nerve. Stipules spinescent, spread- 
ing, subdeciduous. Peduncles glabrous, pellucid, spreading 
longer than the phyllodia. Flowers yellow, capitate, nu- 
merous 



merous in each head. Calyx four-toothed, teeth blunt and 
ciliated. Corolla of four petals, petals lanceolate, reflexed. 
Stamens numerous, longer than the corolla. Pistil longer 
than the stamens ; germen ovate, downy. 

We received, 1831, at the Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, 
from Mr. Knight of the King's Road Nursery, the plant 
here described, under the name of Acacia prcemorsa. It 
was probably imported by Mr. Baxter. There seems, how- 
ever little doubt, but that it is a variety of A. decipiens; 
distinguished chiefly by its paler flowers, by the petals 
being more reflected, thus allowing the stamens to spread 
more, and producing a less distinctly lobular capitulum, 
and farther, by the upper angle of the leaf being oftener 
irregularly truncated than is the case in A. decipiens. 

It flowered very freely in the greenhouse, receiving the 
usual treatment of New Holland Acacias. Graham. 



Fig. 1. Portion of a Flowering Stem. 2. A single; Flower : magnified. 




5245. 



K'^M'-lai J*V 



/hi Sy .1 A»*Ammm(Jn» JkmmgMM 



S*0» * 



( 3245 ) 
Leontice Altaica. Altaic Leontice. 

Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — BerberidejE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala 6, extus nuda. Petala 6, intus basi squamulam 
gerentia. Capsula vesicaria, 2 — 4-sperma. Lamina in 
fundo capsulae inserta, globosa. — Herb® radice tuber osa, 
foliis varie sectis, calycibus sape coloratis. De Cand. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Leontice* Altaica; folio caulino solitario, petioli a basi 

tripartiti ramulis segmenta 5 oblonga integra subpeti- 

olulata palmatim disposita gerentibus. D C. 
Leontice Altaica. Pall. Act. Petrop. 1779. p. 257. t. 8. f. 

1, 2, 3. Willd. Spec. PI. v. 2, p. 149. Pers. Synops. 

v.l.p. 386. De Cand. Syst. Nat. v. 2. p. 26. Prodr. 

v. I. p. 110. Spreng. Syst. Veget. v. 2. p. 121. Schult. 

Syst. Veget. v. 2. p. 22. Ledebour, Fl. Altaica, v. 2. 

p. 52. 



Descr. Root tuberous. Stem erect, succulent, green, 
purple at the base. Leaf solitary, petioled ; petioles-par- 
tite, divisions spreading, each bearing upon its summit, five 
elliptical, glaucous, unequal leaflets, each, particularly the 
largest, and those adjoining it, on partial petioles. Racemes 
terminal, deflected, of about twelve flowers : bracteas large, 
obovate, the lowest rotundato-reniform ; pedicels spreading, 
single flowered, twice the length of the bracteas, farther 

elongated 



* From \tu», Movroi, from a fancied resemblance in the leaves to the print 
of a lion's foot. 



elongated and cernuous when bearing the fruit. Flowers 
yellow. Calyx of six,, spreading, elliptical, leaflets. Petals 
six, yellow, opposite to the leaflets of the calyx, erect, 
semi-cylindrical, truncated, biaristate at the apex, about 
half the length of the calyx. Stamens six, yellow, opposite 
to the petals, and longer than they ; anthers bilocular, 
opening by the sides folding upwards to the apex, where 
they adhere to the connectivum. Stigma small, simple : 
Style short, angular: Germen inflated, membranous, unilo- 
cular. Ovules four, obovate, green, erect from the base of 
the germen, and afterwards exposed by the rupture of its 
apex. 

This very pretty plant was received by Mr. Falconer 
from Mr. Goldie, and flowered very freely in a cold frame 
at Carlowrie in April. It is a native of the Altai Moun- 
tains, towards the Western part of which, it appears from 
Ledebour, it is most abundant, flowering early in spring, 
while in the Eastern part it was not observed. According 
to the same author, it does not differ from Leontice Odes- 
sana of Dr. Fischer. 

In a most valuable collection of Ledebour's plants, which 
I possess through the inexhaustible kindness of my friend 
Mr. Hunneman, there is a specimen illustrating the singular 
appearance occasioned by the protrusion of the unripe seeds 
through the ruptured, membranous capsule. Graham. 



Fig. 1. Flower and Bractea. 2. One of the Petals and of the Stamens. 
3. Pistil. 4. Ovules situated in the base of the cell. 




3246. 



»'. r /[ lfe/t 



/line W /U.Xt 



( 3246 ) 

Arabis rosea. Rose-coloured Rock- 
Cress. 

Class and Order. 
Tetradinamia Siliquosa. 

( Nat. Ord. — Crucifer,e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Siliqua linearis ; valvis planis medio uninerviis. Semina 
in quoque loculo uniserialia, ovalia aut orbicularia, com- 
pressa. Cotyledones planar, accumbentes. Flores albi aut 
rarius rosei. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Arabis rosea; foliis caulinis oblongis semiamplexicaulibus 
subcordatis sinuato-dentatis pube ramosa scabris, pe- 
dicellis calyce longioribus, siliquis lineari-elongatis 
subattenuatis erectis. 

Arabis rosea. De Cand. Syst. v. 2. p. 215. Prodr. v. 1. 
p. 142. Spreng. Syst. Veget. v. 2. p. 90. 



Descr. Stem erect, or somewhat declined at the base, a 
span or more high, downy. Leaves oblong, obtuse, downy, 
with stellated pubescence on both sides, but chiefly be- 
neath, deeply toothed or sinuated, the lower or radical ones 
the largest, three to four inches long, tapering at the base, 
but scarcely petiolate : those of the stem rather numerous, 
oblong, or almost elliptical, obtuse at both extremities, 
quite sessile, and somewhat half-embracing the stem, but 
scarcely cordate. Flowers large in proportion to the size 
of the plant, collected into a dense, rounded raceme or 
corymb, of a beautiful and rather deep rose colour. Pedi- 
cels slender, longer than the calyx. Calyx of four nearly 
equal, erect, or very slightly patent, oblong, green sepals, 

two, 



two, opposite ones, very slightly saccate at the base. Petals 
oblong, cuneate, clawed, obtuse or almost retuse at the 
extremity ; the claws pale or even yellowish at the base. 
Stamens, the longest of them, shorter than the petals. Fila- 
ments whitish purple : Anthers yellow. Pistil : Germen 
linear, with four glands at its base. Style short : Stigma 
small., two-lobed. As the fruit advances to maturity, the 
raceme becomes considerably lengthened. The pods are 
three inches or more long, erect, linear, compressed, very 
slender, attenuated into the short, persistent style, slightly 
beaded by the numerous seeds within, arranged in a single 
row. 

For the ppportunity of figuring this beautiful and rare 
plant, I am indebted to H. F. Talbot, Esq. M. P., who 
obligingly communicated the specimens here represented 
from the garden of the Rev. Mr. Selwyn, of Kilmington, 
Wilts; where it flowered, probably for the first time in 
this country, in the month of February, 1833. The nearly 
ripe fruit appeared in March. The species is a native of 
Calabria, and it is best treated by keeping it under a frame; 
though it will perhaps prove quite hardy, only having fc 
flowers retarded by the backwardness of our springs. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Petal. 3, Stamens. 1. Pistil: muanijicd. o. Ra- 
ceme of Fruit, nat. size. 




w / a i,t 



JSWMK Jun? /! 



( 3247 ) 
Pteris pedata. Pedate-leaved Brake. 

Class and Order. 
Cryptogamia Filices. 

( Nat. Ord.— Filices. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sori continui, lineares, marginales. Involucrum e mar- 
gine frondis inflexum interius dehiscens. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Pteris* pedata; fronde 5-partita glabra, laciniis pinnati- 

fidis acutiusculis, lateralibus basi unitis, infimis de~ 

flexis, stipite laevi. 
Pteris pedata. Swartz, Syn. Fil. p. 205. Schkuhr, Fit. 

p. 91. t. 100. fVilld. Sp. PL v. 4. p. 358. Raddi, Fil. 

Brasil. p. 45. t. 65. f. 3. t. 66 et 66, bis. Spreng. Syst. 
Veget. v. 4. p. 70. 
Hemionitis foliis atro-virentibus, &c. Sloane, Jam. v. 1. 

p. 73. 
Hemionitis profunde laciniata, &c. Plum. Am. p. 24. t. 

34. Fil. p. 130. t. 152. 



Descr. Root a dense mass of dark brown, woolly fibres. 
Stipites several from the same root, four to six inches long, 
dark purple-brown, glabrous, smooth and very glossy, often 
a little wavy. Fronds very variable. In the specimen before 
me, the young ones are palmately six-lobed, the lobes short, 
obtuse, the margin sinuated. As these advance to matu- 
rity, the divisions become deeper, the segments longer, and 
the frond is quinque-partite in a palmated manner; the mid- 
dle 



* The same as -mt^, a Fern, in Greek, and that from a-ti^I, a plume, or 
feather. 



die division deeply pinnatifid, or even bipinnatifid ; the seg- 
ments lanceolate, rather acuminated, but not very sharply : 
the lateral ones, two on each side, combined at the base, (or 
they may be considered, each pair, as one, and bipartite) ; 
the lowermost lobes deflexed. The colour is dark green 
above, paler beneath : the costa dark purple, especially at 
the base of the lobes, and glossy. The involucrum is con- 
tinuous along the margin of the whole frond, following all 
its sinuosities. Such seems to be the most usual appear- 
ance of the plant, but Raddi has described and figured 
some remarkable variations, to which it seems, in its native 
country, to be liable, being more or less divided, and the 
segments of very various breadths. 

Although not yet common in the stove of our gardens, 
where it is readily cultivated, it is of frequent occurrence in 
the tropics, and probably most of the warmer parts of the 
world. It was received at the Botanic Garden of Glasgow 
from Jamaica, where, as well as in Brazil, it is extremely 
abundant. The bright green of the foliage, margined by 
the pale brown line of the involucre, and the flossy blnck- 
purple stipites render this Fern a desirable inmate in col- 
lections. 



.VMS. 




H J // ./,/ 



( 3248 ) 

LlMNOCHARIS HUMBOLDTII. HUMBOLDT^ 
LlMNOCHARIS. 

******************** 
Class and Order. 

POLYANDRIA PoLYGYNIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Butome^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx trifoliolatus. Cor. tripetala. Stamina numerosa; 
filamentis exterioribus sterilibus. Pistilla 6 — 20, arete 
posita. Capsulce interne longitudinaliter dehiscentes, uni- 
loeulares, polyspermy. Semina numerosa reti capsularum 
parietem intus vestienti affixa, adscendentia, ferri equini 
instarflexa, transversim scabra. Albumen nullum. Embryo 
hippocrepicus. — Herbae aquaticce; acaules aut caulescentes. 
Folia petiolata ; petiolo basi vaginante. Scapi multijlori, 
jloribus umbellatis, involucratis, aut pedunculi axillares uni- 
flori spatha instructi. Kunth. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Limnocharis* Humboldtii; foliis apice rotundatis 7-nerviis, 

petiolis pedunculisque unifloris cylindricis, petalis 

calyce duplo longioribus, pistillis 6. 
Limnocharis Humboldtii. Rich, in Ann. du Mus. v. I. p. 

369. t. 19. Humb. et Kunth, Nov. Gen. v. I. p. 248. 

Spreng. Syst. Veget. v. 2. p. 634. 
Stratioles nympha3oides. Willd. Sp. PL v. 4. p. 821. 



Descr. Aquatic. Stems a foot or more long, terete, 
semipellucid, internally jointed, bearing, at intervals, a 
whorl, as it were, of petiolated, roundish-oval and some- 
what 



* From x»p>5, mud, and %*pK, grace, or ornament. Its beautiful flowers 
adorn moist muddy places, 

VOL. VII. H 



what cordate, obtuse leaves, with a central rib, which is 
remarkably swollen below, and three slender ones on each 
side near the margin : petioles terete, almost pellucid, 
jointed within ; their bases surrounded with oblong, mem- 
branous, convolute stipules. Peduncles elongated, single- 
flowered, rising from among the petioles and internally 
jointed like them. Calyx of three, oblong, patent, green 
leaves. Corolla of three, very large obovato-rotundate, 
very obtuse, slightly concave, spreading petals, twice the 
length of the calyx, of a delicate primrose colour, faintly 
striated, rather a deep yellow at the base. Stamens nu- 
merous : Filaments deep, bluish -purple, subulate; outer 
ones sterile: Anthers linear, purple : Pollen yellow. Pistils 
six, erect, linear-oblong, standing close together, attenuat- 
ed into a rather slender style : Stigjna purple, velvety, from 
the extremity decurrent for some way down on the inside. 
Some time ago, I received from Mr. Tweedie of Buenos 
Ayres specimens of this plant, gathered in pools or ditches 
of fresh water, near that city. Seeds were likewise sent 
from the same source to the Botanic Garden of Liverpool, 
where the plants raised from them were successfully treated 
in the aquarium by Messrs. Shepherds, and the handsome 
and delicate flowers burst open in great perfection in April; 
1833. They are, however, like those of Hydrocharis mor- 
sus Ranee, of our country, very fagacious, and but for the 
greatest care on the part of Mr. Henry Shepherd, I could 
not have received them in a state fit for drawing. E? ce P l 
in the absence of the sterile stamens around the fertile ones, 
I do not see how the Hydrocleys Commersoni of Richard* 
1. c. p. 368, t. 18, differs from this plant, and it is an inha- 
bitant of the same country. I possess what I take to be 
the same plant, gathered abundantly in British Guiana by 
C. S. Parker, Esq., inhabiting the same places with the 
beautiful Pontederia azurea, Bot. Mag. t. 2932. 



Fig. 1. Perfect and outer sterile Stamen. 2. Pistils. 3. Single Pistil : 
magnified. 



I'.'M). 



I 






\y 




n* /*■ t (■„*,.' 



( 3249 ) 

OXYLOBIUM ELLIPTICUM. ELLIPTIC-LEAVED 
OXYLOBIUM. 

Class and Order. 

Decandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — LeguminosjE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cat. profunde 5-fidus, bilabiatus. Cor. carina compressa, 
longitudine alarum vexillum explanatum asquantium. Sta- 
mina toto aut imo calyci insert* Stylus adscendens. 
Stigma simplex. Legumen autsubsessile,poIyspermum, ven- 
tricosum, ovatum, acutum. — Frutices suffruticesve. Folia 
Sim 4-im verticillata, integra. Flores corymbosi, Jlavi. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Oxylobium ellipticum; foliis ovali-oblongis mucronatis sub- 
verticillatis, bracteis infra apicem pedicelli caducis, 
capitulis terminalibus racemosis (leguminibus calyce 
duplo longioribus. Br.). 

Oxylobium ellipticum. Br. in Hort. Kew. v. 3. p. 10. De 
Cand. Prodr. v. 2. p. 104. Spreng. Syst. Veget. v. 2. 
p. 349. 

Gompholobium ellipticum. Labillard. Nov. Holl. v. I. p. 
106. t. 135. 

Callistachys elliptica. Vent. Malmais. t. 115. 



Descr. Shrub erect; bark on the stem brown, greenish 
and somewhat silky on the branches. Leaves (one inch long 
four lines and a half broad) elliptical, mueronate, coriaceous, 
shortly petioled, dark-green, reticulate and glabrous above, 
somewhat silky below, reflected in the edges, subverticillate, 
four in each whorl. Flowers yellow; in terminal, capitate 
spikes. Bractea single below the origin of each pedicel, 
and opposite a little above the middle, linear -subulate, 

caducous, 



caducous, silky. Pedicels spreading wide, silky. Calyx 
equal in length to the pedicel, bilabiate, upper lip of two 
approximated, lower of three spreading acute, segments. 
Petals five, nearly of equal length ; standard concave, semi- 
circular, crenate, slightly marked with orange in the throat, 
claw short; alee elliptical, truncated at the base, claw very 
slender, keel of two petals united in the middle, subinflated, 
each petal shaped like one of the alae, but with rather a 
longer claw, and with a pouch projecting outwards and 
backwards to near its base. Stamens hypogynous included, 
free : filaments slightly compressed : anthers inserted by 
their backs ; pollen yellow. Style ascending, exserted. 
S^igTTi^small, blunt. Germen pedicelled, shorter than the 
stamens, silky. Ovules about eight. 

Seeds of this plant were received at the Botanic Garden, 
Edinburgh, from Van Diemen's Land, through William 
Henderson, Esq. in February, 1829, marked ec Prussian 
Shrub." The plant has been treated in the greenhouse, in 
the usual way of New Holland Shrubs, and in April last, 
when above three feet high, it flowered for the first time — 
every subdivision of its numerous branches bearing, upon 
its apex, a crowded bunch of flowers. 

It appears from the Hortus Kewensis that the species was 
introduced from Van Diemen's Land, by Mr. Brown, in 
1805 ; but it seems to have been afterwards lost. 

The profusion of flowers with which it is covered, and 
the continued succession of these during a long while, ren- 
ders it a very desirable species for cultivation. Graham. 



Fig. 1. Back view of a Flower. 2. Front view of ditto. 3. Vexillum, 
4. Stamen. 5. Pistil. — Magnified. 




AA *,. S.Curti* eimtm —td SfrnJ^iOn 



( 3250 ) 

Trillium erectum; var. viridiflorum. Upright- 
stalked Trillium; pale green -flowered var. 

Class and Order. 
Hexandria Trigynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — SMiLACEiE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 3-phyllus. Cor. 3-petala, patens. F'damenta gla- 
bra. Antheree longitudinaliter adnatae. Stigmata linearis, 
sessilia, reflexa. Bacca trilocularis, polysperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Trillium erectum; pedunculo erecto, flore inclinato, petalis 
late ovatis subreflexis calycem paten tissi mum subae- 
quantibus, foliis lato-rhomboideis. 
Trillium erectum, «, flore atro-purpureo. Linn. Sp. PL 
p. 484. Curt. Bot. Mag. t. 470. Pursh, Fl. Am. v. 
1. p. 245. Elliott, Carol, v. I. p. 427. Torrey, Fl. of 
Mid. Un. St. v. 1. p. 376. Schult. Syst. Veget. v. 7. 
p. 1501. 
Trillium rhomboideum. Mich. Fl. Bor. Am. v. \.p. 213. 

Spreng. Syst. Veget. v. 2. p. 150. 
(/3.) petalis albis. Mich. Am. 1. c. Gawl. in Bot. Mag. t. 

1027. 
(y.) petalis ochroleueis. Tab. nostr. t. 3250. T. pendu- 
lum. Willd. in Nov. Act. Soc. Berol. 3. p. 421. Hort. 
Berol. t. 35. Pursh, Fl. Am. v. 1. p. 246. Elliott, 
Carol, v. 1. p. 428. 

That this is the real T. pendulum of Willdenow, no one, 
I think, can entertain any doubt who will be at the trouble 
of comparing- our figure with that of Willdenow. Yet 
again, I fear that those who will also compare it with T. 
erectum, will be satisfied that it differs from that in almost 

nothing: 



nothing save in the colour of the flower. I fear Botanists 
have been misled by the terms " pendulous" and cc cernu- 
ous" applied by authors to the flower of this plant, and 
hence many have been led to suppose it to be drooping like 
that of T. cernuum. Whereas the flower is only slightly 
inclined, as it were from its own weight, at the extremity of 
the slender peduncle. 

Our plants were received at the Botanic Garden of Glas- 
gow, from Canada, by favour of Mr. Cleghorn, and they 
flowered under a frame in the month of April, 1833. It is 
quite unnecessary to enter into a full description of this 
variety, which only differs from a, in the differently coloured 
petals, and from /3, in the same particular, and in the 
broader petals. 

Fig. 1, 2. Stamens. 3. Pistil : magnified. 



Viol. 




/i<i h S.Cmrih. G tmamm* t4 . X»rm, SuJy //•>- 






( 3251 ) 
Leucopogon Richei. Riche's Leucopogon. 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Epacride^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cal. bibracteatus. Cor. infundibuliformis,, limbo pa- 
tent^ longitudinaliter barbato. Filamenta inclusa. Ova- 
rium 2 — 3-loculare. Drupa baccata v. exsucca, nunc Crus- 
tacea. — Frutices scepe humiles. Folia sparsa, quandoque 
interrupto-conferta. Flores spicati, axillares v. terminates. 
Discus hypogynus cyathiformis, sublobatus, raro nullus. Br. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Leucopogon Richei ; spicis erectis confertifloris folio parum 
brevioribus, foliis (subuncialibus) oblongo-Ianceolatis 
oblongis vel saepe oblongo-ovatis extra medium lati- 
oribus 3 — 5-nervibus supra convexis glabris, drupis 
ovatis 5-locularibus. All. Cun. 

Leucopogon Richei. Br. Prodr. Flor. Nov. Holl. vol. 1. 
p. 541. Roem. et Sch. Syst. Veget. vol. 4. p. 475. 

Leucopogon polystachyus. Lodd. Bot. Cab. t. 1436 (non 
Br. Prodr.) bene. 

Leucopogon apiculatus ? Smith in Rees Cyclop, (non Br. 
Prodr.) 

Leucopogon parviflorus. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. t. 1560. 

Styphelia Richei. Labill. Nov. Holl. 1. p. 44. t. 60. (fide 
exempl. a D. Labillardiere.) Poiret Encycl. Method. 
7. p. 433. n. 1. Spreng. Syst. Veget. vol. 1. p. 657. 

Styphelia parviflora. Andrews' Reposit. t. 287. mala. 

Styphelia Gnidium. Venten. Malm. t. 23. pessima. 



Descr. A small, glabrous shrub, with wavy branches. 
Leaves scattered, scarcely an inch long, lanceolate or ob- 

longo- 



Ion go -lanceolate, acute, rigid, glaucous green, obscurely 
three to five-nerved, convex above. Spikes small, crowded, 
terminal, rather shorter than the leaves. Calyx and brae- 
teal scales oblon go-ovate, imbricated, white or very pale 
green, often red in the centre. Corolla white : its tube 
oblongo-cylindrical : its limb five-cleft ; the segments re- 
flexed, densely hairy within. Anthers almost sessile, linear- 
oblong, brownish-red ; pollen yellow. Hypogynous disk 
cup-shaped, lobed, dark brownish green. Germen round- 
ish-oval : Style about the same length. Stigma somewhat 
capitate. 

tf The EpACRiDEiE form a most remarkable and extensive 
tribe of plants in Australia, the temperate regions of which 
they more particularly inhabit, and by their abundance and 
wide dispersion upon its coasts, and in portions of its ex- 
plored interior, give a striking feature to the vegetation of 
that singular country, where they occupy the place of the 
Heaths of Southern Africa. Of this highly interesting 
family, so desirable to our cultivation, Mr. Brown has de- 
scribed one hundred and thirty-five species ; and of these 
upwards of one-third are of the Genus of our present 
subject. 

* Although our plant has been already noticed, and under 
several names, we are, nevertheless, happy to give a repre- 
sentation of it, taken from specimens which flowered last 
year in the Royal Gardens at Kew, because it affords us an 
opportunity of publishing the correct synonymy of a species 
clearly but little understood, which has been obligingly 
communicated to us by Mr. Brown ; to whom also we are 
indebted for the following observations. 

" ' Sir James Edward Smith, in Rees' Cyclopaedia, first 
remarked that I had improperly referred Andrew's Styphe- 
lAxparviflora, and Ventenat's S. Gnidium to his S. lanceo- 
lata, and is disposed to consider them as belonging to my 
Leucopogon apiculatus, from which, they are still more 
distinct. Sir James E. Smith had received specimens of 
his plant from Port Jackson, and these specimens I have 
ascertained to belong- to Leucopogon Richei, to that state 
especially, in which I observed it between Port Jackson 
and Botany Bay, in 1803. He remarks (1. c.) that those 
native specimens agree with a plant then not unfrequent in 
the gardens ; and hence probably he refers without hesita- 
tion to Andrews's figure, which I still designate as a bad 
representative of Leucopogon Richei, as 1 had done in 
referring it formerly to L. lanceolatus. Ventenat's Styphe- 

lia 



lia Gnidium, which from circumstantial, rather than internal 
evidence, was probably intended for the same species, is 
still worse, especially in its leaves. The figure in the 
Botanical Register is tolerable ; but Loddiges, in the Bota- 
nical Cabinet is the best, being much more characteristic 
than Labillardiere's taken from a specimen with uncom- 
monly large leaves, which are not represented as convex, 
sensibly widening upwards — two characters, on which I 
chiefly depended in distinguishing this species.' R. Brown, 
MSS. 

c< Thus it appears, that our plant is evidently an old inha- 
bitant of the gardens about London, where, by reason of 
its disposition to vary in habit as well as in the shape of its 
leaves, it has borne several names, although it would seem 
it has never been known among cultivators by that origin- 
ally applied, and now again restored to it ; — a name, that 
has a reference to a tale of distress and privation, to which 
M. Riche, one of the Naturalists who accompanied D'En- 
trecasteaux in his voyage in search of La Peyrouse was 
subjected, in December, 1792, on the desert shores of 
Southern Australia, when the two French ships La Re- 
cherche and L'Esperance anchored among the group of 
islands subsequently named, after the admiral's ship, ' the 
Archipelago of the Recherche.' The discoveries made by 
Nuyts in 1627 on the South coast had terminated at this 
Archipelago ; and as it does not appear, that either the Dutch 
at that period, or Captain Vancouver when on that coast 
in 1791, more than a century and a half subsequently, had 
effected a landing, our earliest knowledge of the character 
of the productions of this part of Nuyts' land, slight as it 
was, is due to the visit of M. Riche, and especially to his 
subsequent misfortune. 

" We gather from M. Labillardiere, (the Botanist of the 
expedition,) that on the morning of the 16th of December, 
1792, a boat having been sent from L'Esperance to the 
main shore, for the purposes of Astronomical observation, 
Citizen Riche (attached as Naturalist to that vessel) accom- 
panied the party. 

cc Quitting the beach on which he had landed, (some 
miles to the Westward of Cape le Grand, in long. 121 J° E.) 
and with the design of returning early in the afternoon to 
the boat, ( that Naturalist,' says Labillardiere, f became 
enraptured with the riches and novelty of all the produc- 
tions of that region, which no observer had hitherto visit- 
ed/ and, quickly losing his way, he wandered to some 

b distance 



distance inland, over a desert country, occasionally pre- 
senting plains of calcareous sand ; nor was he able to find 
his way back to the landing place until the third day ! so 
that the distress, which his absence had occasioned on board 
the ships was extreme. A boat was despatched on the 
second day from each vessel in quest of the lost Naturalist, 
and the admiral ordered guns to be fired every half hour, 
to enable M. Riche, if still alive, to direct his steps with the 
greater certainty towards the anchoring-place : M. Labil- 
lardiere himself was of the party. 

" The parties traced his course over the sterile waste he 
had traversed, to the edge of a large lake, which they con- 
cluded had a communication with the sea, as its waters 
were salt. The print of his shoes, observed on the margin 
of this considerable water, furnished encouragement to 
proceed in their search, but that the marks of naked feet 
which appeared near his, gave grounds for apprehending 
that he had been dragged by the savages into the interior 
country. Moreover, one of his pistols and his handker- 
chief were found on the sands; and these strengthened in 
their minds, their apprehensions of his fate. Further on, 
the little smoke that arose from a deserted fire directed their 
steps to the spot, and near it they found bits of paper 
on which they recognized the hand-writing of the unfortu- 
nate man. Around them, the dismal waste extended far 
and wide, but no further trace of M. Riche was to be found; 
when as they were returning towards the landing place, 
lamenting the fate of their unfortunate messmate, and had 
nearly reached the shore in a hopeless state of mind, they 
beheld one of the boatmen running to meet them, with the 
pleasing intelligence, that Riche was still alive, and that 
he had just arrived at the landing-place, extenuated with 
hunger and fatigue, having been upwards of fifty -four hours 
on shore, with no other provision, than some bits of bis- 
cuit. When he had recovered from the state of stupor, 
into which he had been thrown by so long a privation of 
nourishment, he told his companions, that he had lost him- 
self on the first day ; but that near the fire, which he had 
found burning, there was a little rill of fresh water, at which 
he had quenched his thirst, and urged by hunger, he had 
ranged about in the neighbourhood, and in the thickets had 
discovered a shrub, which furnished him with some small 
fruit, but in a quantity insufficient for the supply of his 
necessities. To that shrub, the plant we have here defined 

and 



and figured, M. Labillardiere, who originally described 
it, attached the name of the recovered Naturalist, as much 
out of compliment to him, as with a view to perpetuate 
the remembrance of the circumstances under which it had 
been discovered. 

" At the little spring of water, — a rare discovery in the 
midst of an arid waste,— he passed the first night, and the 
next day was wholly spent in a fruitless attempt to gain the 
landing-place. ' In all this painful peregrination/ says 
Labillardiere, ' M. Riche did not meet with a drop of 
water, although he saw in those wilds, at some distance 
from him, Emus, Kangaroos, and even some of the abori- 
ginal inhabitants, who, however, fled before him as he 
advanced : — but chance (rather, a kind Providence) happily 
conducted him in the evening to the same little rill, where 
he spent a second night.' Notwithstanding the distress to 
which his situation had reduced him, exposed as he was to 
all the horrors of famine, M. Riche carried during these two 
days ' a numerous collection of very interesting produc- 
tions' of the country he had traversed ; c but during the 
third day, his strength sunk so rapidly,' before he reached 
the boats, that c he was obliged to abandon the whole collec- 
tion, not being able to reserve even the most precious arti- 
cles.' 

ff This first landing on the inhospitable shores of Nuyt's 
Land by the French was not, however, wholly lost to 
science ; for M. Labillardiere, amidst his anxiety to urge 
the prosecution of the search for his lost countryman, did not 
fail to make some observation on the few birds that inhabit 
the shores, nor to form some little collection of the fine plants 
which, notwithstanding the aridity of the soil, were never- 
theless able to maintain an existence. Thus, among other 
plants, with which that painful excursion first made us 
acquainted, may be enumerated, besides our Leucopogon, 
Banksia repens and nivea ; Chorizema ilicifolia ; Eucalyp- 
tus cornuta and Anigozanthus rufa. The last notice we 
find of M. Riche, after his return to France, is from Labil- 
lardiere himself: namely, ' that he fell a victim to his love 
for science, having made, when already in a very advanced 
stage of consumption, a long and fatiguing journey, in 
which he consulted his scientific zeal, more than the state 
of his health.' 

" Mr. Brown has substantially perpetuated his memory, 
by giving his name to a very singular plant likewise of this 
Order, growing abundantly on the summit and sides of 

Mount 



Mount Wellington *, near Hobavt Town, Van Diemen's 
Land, which would therefore be almost hardy in our gar- 
dens, to which, however, it remains yet to be introduced. 

" No species of Leucopogon is so widely scattered in its 
native country, as the subject of our present paper. It has 
been observed occupying portions of the sandy shores of 
New South Wales, from Botany Bay, southerly towards 
Cape Home : again it exists at Port Dalrymple, Van Die- 
men's Land, and on the islands in Bass' Strait ; and it has 
been gathered at Port Philip and other parts of the South 
Coast ; and at King George's Sound it was observed by 
Mr. Brown, in the voyage of Captain Flinders ; and on the 
shores of the latter, it was subsequently met with by Mr. 
Cunningham, bearing its white drupaceous fruit in the 
month of January (1822). At the present day L. Richei is 
comparatively rare in our gardens, where it requires the 
same description of treatment as others of the Order : viz. 
the protection of a cold greenhouse, and flowering in the 
spring and summer months." Allan Cunningham. 



* This remarkable mountain, is about the same elevation above the level 
of the ocean, as Ben Nevis in Scotland, and its summit is covered with snow 
during the winter months. A. C. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Stamen. 3. Pistil and Gland. 4, o. Upper and 
under side of a leaf: magnified. 



5262. 




Jt, r J~tt,j . i/: k,j 4/p 



/M i\ S CtlHit ''/'rxtn—foJ.Eittil Jufy ltH$. 



( 3252 ) 

Primula am^na. Purple Caucasian 
Primrose. 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Primulace*:. ) 

Generic Character. 

Flores subumbellati, involucrati. Cal. tubulosus, 5-fidus, 
s. 5-dentatus. Cor. tubulosa, fauce vel nuda, vel glandu- 
losa, limbo 5-lobo. Caps, apice 10-dentata, polysperma. 
Spr. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Primula amama ; foliis spattjulato-oblongis rugosis cre- 
nato-denticulatis hirsutiusculis subtus incano-lanatis, 
umbellis multifloris tomentoso-villosis, involucris sub- 
ulatis, calycibus ovato-oblongis angulatis, corollas 
limbo piano glabro tubo calyce vix longiore, collo 
hemispherico. 

Primula amaena. M. Bieberst. Fl. Taurico-Caucas. v. I. 
p. 138. Lehman. Mem. Primal, p. 39. t. 3. Roem. 
et Schult. Syst. Veget. v. 4. p. 137. Spreng. Syst. 
Veget. v. I. p. 574. 



Descr. Leaves (three inches and a half long, one and a 
quarter broad,) spathulato-oblong, crenate and denticulate,, 
much attenuated towards the base, but scarcely petioled, 
slightly hirsute and bright green above, densely covered 
with white wool below, neatly and regularly rugose, middle 
rib and veins very prominent behind, primary veins nearly 
at right angles to the middle rib aud secondary veins, which 
are nearly equidistant, reticulated at the edges of the leaf. 
Scape, with the flowers, seven inches high, lateral, erect, 
tomentoso-viilous ; umbel many-flowered ; involucre awl- 
shaped ; 



shaped; pedicels erect, unequal (from half an inch to an 
inch long), pubescent. Calyx (four lines and a half 
long,) gland uloso- pubescent, pentagonal, ovato- oblong, 
five-toothed, angles prominent and green, interstices mem- 
branous, diaphanous, and purplish. Corolla very handsome, 
purplish-lilac in bud or when recently expanded, more blue 
after a few days; tube scarcely longer than the calyx, purple, 
glabrous, wrinkled ; faux hemispherical, slightly glandu- 
loso-pubescent and purple on the outside, yellow within ; 
limb spreading, nearly flat, segments elliptical, emarginate. 
Anthers nearly sessile in the throat, yellow, pollen yellow. 
Germen globular, glabrous, lobed. Style (in the specimen 
described, but, as in allied species, its length probably 
varies) twice the length of the germen. Stigma large, hemi- 
spherical. 

This most desirable addition to the cultivated species of a 
universally admired Genus, was obtained by Mr. Neill 
from Mr. Goldie, who brought it from St. Petersburgh. 
It flowered beautifully in the cold frame at Canon Mills in 
April last, producing an umbel of eighteen perfect flowers. 
In its native station, the Caucasian Alps, it is described by 
Marschall Bieberstein, its discoverer, as having an umbel 
with from three to ten flowers ; and a variety is noticed by 
Bieberstein in which the scape is wanting, the pedicels 
being all radical and single-flowered ; another analogy, if 
any were wanting, to confirm the opinion, that there is no 
specific distinction between Primula vulgaris and P. elatior, 
our common Primrose and Oxlip. Graham. 



Fig. 1. Calyx. 2. Pistil. 



( 3253 ) 
Epacius nivalis. Snowy Epacris. 

Class and Order. 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Epacride^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cal. coloratus, multibracteatus, bracteis textura calycis. 
Corolla tubulosa, limbo imberbi. Stamina epipetala : an- 
theris supra medium peltatis. Squamula? 5, hypogynee. 
Capsula placentis columns centrali adnatis. — Pruticuli ra- 
mosi, saipius glabri. Folia sparsa, petiolata v. basi simplici. 
Flores axillares, in spicam foliatam saipius digesti, albi v. 
purpurascentes. Br. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Epacris nivalis; foliis ovato-lanceolatis patentissimis nu- 
diusculis infra nervosis apice attenuatis mucronatis 
marginibus scabris, floribus axillaribus solitariis se- 
cundis in pseudo-spicis longis aggregatis, corollas tubo 
campanulato, calycibus acutis ciliatis multo longiora. 
Graham. 

Epacris nivalis. Lodd. BoL Cab. t. 1821. Bot. Reg. t. 
1531. 



Descr. Shrub evergreen, with many long, slender, to- 
mentous branches. Leaves scattered, spreading, ovato- 
lanceolate, attenuated at the apex and mucronate, dark 
green, slightly paler and three-nerved below, nearly gla- 
brous, edges slightly scabrous. Flowers solitary, axillary, 
peduncled, secund, cernuous, collected into long pseudo- 
spikes on the upper part of the branches ; peduncles shorter 
than the leaves, tomentous, scaly. Calyx coloured, seg- 
ments very acute, ciliated. Corolla white, glabrous ; tube 
campanulate, five-sided, pitted on the outside towards its 
base, so as to close it over the germen, about thrice as long 
as the calyx; limb of five reflected, cordato-ovate seg- 
ments. Stamens alternate with the segments of the limb ; 

filaments 



filaments adhering to the tube ; anthers nearly sessile in the 
throat, red, linear, versatile. Stigma of five lobes, yellow. 
Style glabrous, white, attenuated towards its apex . Germen 
globular, green. Hypogynous scales semicircular, closely 
applied to the lower half of the germen. 

This exceedingly beautiful species was introduced into 
the garden of Messrs. Loddiges, by H. M. Dyer, Esq. in 
1829. The specimens now described form pretty large 
bushes, and most attractive ornaments to the greenhouse in 
the extensive collection of Mr. Cunningham, at Comely 
Bank Nursery, near Edinburgh, where they were profusely 
covered with blossoms in April. It is extremely difficult to 
get written characters to distinguish E. cerceflora, E. nivalis, 
and E. impressa, though obviously very different species. 
The difficulties are increased by each seeming to vary con- 
siderably, and that in parts of structure which were con- 
sidered diagnostic of the species. In the reformed charac- 
ters which I have attempted, I am forced, in distinguishing 
these three from each other, to rely chiefly on the tube of 
the corolla. 

There is a variety of E. nivalis cultivated by Mr. Cun- 
ningham, and obtained from Mr. Low, under the name of 
E. variabilis, in which the buds are suberect, the peduncle 
as long as the calyx, the tube of the corolla three times 
longer than this, twice as long as the leaves, and the sides 
grooved nearly along their whole length, the throat being 
slightly contracted ; in all of which there is a departure 
from what has been considered the type of E. nivalis, and 
the flowers are larger than in this, the plant is more robust, 
slightly different in habit, and is rather less easily propa- 
gated by cuttings. 

Epacris cercejlora is a much smaller plant than either of 
the others, the wood is much more slender, the leaves more 
crowded, and the flowers little more than half the size of 
their's. Graham. 



E. impressa ; foliis lanceolatis patentissimis nudiusculis in- 
fra nervosis apice attenuatis mucronatis marginibus 
scabris, petiolis brevissimis, floribus pendulis axillari- 
bus solitariis in pseudo-spicis congestis, corollas tubis 
prismaticis calyce acuto ciliato multo longioribus. 
Graham. 



Fig. 1. Flower, 2. Pistil : magnified. 



i'.Vvt. 




!•!,/• h $ turn.? (kaxaanml SUm.Jk&UDi 



( 3254 ) 

PULTEN^EA SUBUMBELLATA. SuBUMBELLATE 
PULTEN^EA. 

Class and Order. 

Decandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Leguminos^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cat. 5-fidus, lobis subaequalibus in labia dua dispositis ; 
basi bibraeteolatus, bracteolis interdum tubo adnatis. Ova- 
rium sessile, dispermum. Stylus subulatus, adscendens. 
Stigma simplex. Strophiola seminis lobis posticis incisis. 
— Frutices Australasici. Folia simplicia, alterna. Stipulae 
scepe concretce, intrafoliacece . Plores flavi, sapius in ca- 
pitula terminalia congesti. D C. 

Specific Name and Character. 

PultenjEA subumbellata ; foliis sparsis lineari-oblongis ob- 
tusiusculis glabris, floribus terminalibus umbellato- 
capitatis, calycibus hirsutis. 



Descr. A low shrub, with nearly erect, wavy branches, 
of which the younger ones are clothed with patent hairs. 
Leaves about half an inch long, linear-oblong, upon an 
excessively short, downy petiole, glabrous, with a very 
obscure midrib, rather obtuse at the point, the lower ones 
on the branches generally nearly erect and somewhat im- 
bricated, the upper ones patent, and sometimes almost re- 
flexed. Flowers collected into a somewhat umbellate head, 
and standing out horizontally, so that on looking down 
upon the flowers you see nothing but the standards. Calyx 
very hairy, in two lips, the upper with two, the lower with 
three obtuse teeth. Vexillum obovate, attenuated at the 
base, almost keeled on the back, bright orange, with a pale, 
oblong spot on the back at the base, surrounded with a 

deep 



deep purple-black ring. Alee yellow, oblong, concave, 
with a red line. Carina pale. Stamens ten: Filaments 
free : Anthers rounded, orange-coloured. Germen ovate, 
very silky : Style long, filiform, curved upwards : Stigma 
capitate. 

For the possession of this highly ornamental greenhouse 
plant, the Glasgow Botanic Garden is indebted to Dr. 
Scott, who sent seeds from Van Diemen's Land, from 
which plants were raised that blossomed in April, 1833. 
The flowers are very bright coloured, and the variegated 
vexillum or standard is singularly exposed, so that its 
colours may be seen to the best advantage, and almost 
every branch bears a head of them. 



Fig. 1. Side view of a Flower. 2. Under-side of ditto. 3. Stamen. 
4. Pistil. 5. Upper side of a Leaf, and, 6, Under side of ditto. 




Atrj.Mw,-ih 4t i> 



Krtis GUiirntnui A.< 



( 3255 ) 
Calceolaria crenatiflora. Crenate- 

FLOWERED SlIPPERWORT. 

******************** &* 

Class and Order. 

DlANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Scrophularinje. ) 
Generic Character. 

Cal. 4-partitus. Cor. bilabiata : labium inferius calcei- 
forme, inflatum. Caps, semibivalvis, valvulis bifidis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Calceolaria crenatiflora ; herbacea, foliis ovatis sublobatis 
dentatis inferioribus praecipue petiolatis utrinque cau- 
leque pubescentibus subobliquis, floribus corymbosis 
labio superiore minimo inferiore amplo inaculato crc- 
nato laciniis calycinis late ovatis nervosis. 

Calceolaria crenatiflora. Cavan. Ic. PL v. 5. p. 28. t. 
446. Spreng. Syst. Veget. v. l.p.44. Grah. in Edin. 
Phil. 3 own. 3une, 1833. 

Calceolaria anomala. Pers. Sy?i. PL v. 1. p. 16. 

Calceolaria pendula. Sweet, Brit. FL Gard. t. 155. 



Descr. Herbaceous. Stem (a foot and a half high) erect, 
purple towards the base, abundantly covered with soft, 
spreading hairs, some of which are long and acute, a greater 
number half as long, and glandular. Lower leaves ovate, 
petioled (with a petiole seven inches long, three and a 
half broad) decurrent along the petioles, slightly undu- 
late, sublobate, dentate, suboblique, rugose, pubescent on 
both sides, dark green above, much paler below, and there 
purple towards the tip. Stem-leaves ovate, subacute, on 
much shorter petioles, smaller and more sessile upwards. 
Flowers corymbose, primary division in two or three 
branches, branches dichotomous with two flowers in the 
cleft. Peduncles (an inch and a half long) as well as the 

branches 

VOL. VII. I 



branches having the same pubescence as on the stem. Ca- 
lyx-segments broadly ovate, subacute, spreading, densely 
covered with both kinds of pubescence on the outside, with 
the glandular only on the inner, entire, nerved, nerves gene- 
rally five. Corolla with short glandular pubescence over 
the whole of the outer surface, most conspicuous on the 
upper lip, glabrous within, except at the insertion of the 
stamens, where there are a few hairs, yellow, sprinkled 
with orange-brown spots on the upper part of the lower 
lip, and on its inner side near the throat, the spots being 
there larger and round, in the former situation smaller and 
oblong, while in that part of the lower lip which is inflected 
in the throat they become streaks. Upper lip small, semi- 
lunar, compressed upon the calyx, cucullate in the centre; 
lower lip very large, inflated, about a third of its lower 
surface parallel to the calyx, the remainder at right angles 
to this, and the upper surface forming an inclined plane 
from the throat, creuatc at its lower part, the Dumber of 
crcnatures varying from three to five, and each frequently 
emarginate, the inflected portion of the lower lip flat at right 
angles to its upper surface. Stamens erect, subexserted; 
filaments conical, slightly curved downwards, somewhat 
compressed, and having upon their surface a few erect, 
short, glandular hairs ; anthers large, pale yellow, lobes 
divaricated, equal, deeply furrowed on their outsides; pollen 
cream-coloured. Pistil longer than the stamens ; stigma 
small, glandular, capitate ; style glabrous, slightly curved 
downwards ; germen glanduloso - pubescent, shape and 
structure as in the Genus ; placenta large ; ovules very nu- 
merous. 

There is no species of this beautiful Genus which forms so striking an 
object in the greenhouse us this. How far it will bear cultivation in 
the open air, we have yet to ascertain. I can see no reason whatever 
for the specific distinction between Calceolaria crcnatifhra and C. 
pendula which is attempted to be drawn in the British Mower Garden. 
The chief distinction stated is the difference of the number of the crcna- 
tures in the lower lip, and the flowers being pendulous or suberect. The 
former character I find to vary continually in the flowers even on the 
same corymb ; and the latter seems to me to depend solely on the degree 
of unnatural luxuriance produced by cultivation. I have both plants 
from Mr. Low, who first raised them from seeds gathered in Chiloe by 
Mr. Anderson, and who furnished the plant figured as Calceolaria 
pendula m the British Flower Garden, and I cannot see a shade of differ- 
ence between them. The impropriety of unnecessarily changing names is 
absolutely caricatured by Persoon, who, knowing the plant only through 
the bad figure of Cavanilles, imagined the lower lip to be fiat, not 
inflated, as in the Genus, and therefore rejecting the name of Cava- 
nilles, descriptive of a form found in, though not peculiar to, the spe- 
cies, he gave a name applicable only to the figure. Graham. 



( 3256 ) 

Salpiglossis linearis. Linear-leaved 
Salpiglossis. 

******************** 

Class and Order. 

DlDYNAMIA ANGIOSPERMIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Solane^e. ) 
Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-fidus seu 5-partitus, subinaequalis. Cor. infundi- 
bulifbrmis, 5-Ioba. Filamentum quintum sterile (nunc an- 
theriferum). Stylus apice dilatatus. Stigma truncatum, 
transversum . Capsula bilocularis, dissepimento valvis pa- 
rallelo. Semina punctato-scabra. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Salpiglossis linearis; erecta glandulosa, ramis patulis, foliis 
lineari-oblongis sessilibus, corolla subregulari iuftmdi- 
buliformi fauce dilatata calyce duplo longiore. Graft. 

Salpiglossis linearis. Hook. Bot. Mag. sub t. 3113. 

Nierembekgia intermedia. Graham in Edin. N. Phil. 
Journ. 1832. 



Descr. Plant herbaceous., perennial, the whole, except- 
ing the inside of the corolla, minutely but densely glandu- 
loso-pubescent. Stem (in a young plant about a foot high) 
erect, much branched, branches spreading, ascending. 
Leaves (an inch and a half long, four lines broad) scatter- 
ed, numerous, spreading or reflected, oblongo-spatlmlate, 
almost veinless, with a distinct midrib behind, somewhat 
keeled near the base, slightly folded along the middle rib 
above. Peduncles (one inch long) solitary, filiform, from 
the side of the clefts in the branches. Calyx persisting, fire- 
parted, angular ; segments spreading, foliaceous, linear, 
blunt. Corolla (nine lines long and nine lines across) fun- 
nel-shaped, twice the length of the calyx ; limb rich purple, 
especially when first expanded, darker inwards, and si ill 
further towards the throat dotted with purple on a yellow 

ground, 



ground, paler on the outside, nearly regular, five-lobed, 
lobes emarginate, the upper ones rather shorter and rather 
more reflected than the lower, throat yellow ; dilated, tube 
inflated, a little more so on the lower than the upper side, 
clavate, longer than the calyx, nerved. Stamens five, in- 
cluded ; filaments glabrous, ascending, of unequal length, 
adhering to the tube by their somewhat dilated bases, which 
are concave in front, the two longest and the shortest at- 
tached to the lower side of the tube at its base. Anthers 
short, oblong, lobes much divaricated, bent back, and ap- 
proaching each other below, yellow ; pollen-granules minute, 
round, yellow. Pistil equal to the shorter stamens. Stigma 
bilabiate, green, lobes blunt : Style slightly thickened up- 
wards, glabrous ; Germen ovate, green, glabrous, with a 
prominent nerve on two sides, bilocular, dissepiment tumid 
in the middle; ovules numerous, subglobular. Seeds brown, 
angled, muricated on the outer edge. 

Seeds of this plant, which is exceedingly pretty, and very 
well deserving of cultivation, were received by Mr. Neill 
from Mr. Tweedie at Buenos Ayres in 1832, and the first 
specimen brought into flower in the stove at Canonmills in 
the end of September. It seemed to be about to flower 
very freely, but probably, on account of the season, all the 
buds dropped off excepting one, which perfected its blos- 
soms and seeds. In April it flowered much more freely. It 
strikes very readily by cuttings, and will probably thrive 
well in a dry, light greenhouse. 

A better example than this plant cannot be wished by 
Mr. David Don, in confirmation of his opinion expressed 
in the Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal, July, 1832, 
and in Sweet's British Flower Garden, t. 172, of the generic 
identity of Nierembergia and Petunia. 

The habit of this plant is wholly that of Nierembergia, 
the flower in shape and structure precisely that of Salpi- 
glossis intcgrifolia of Hooker, Nierembergia pluenicca of 
Don. Graham. 

Even should this interesting plant, and my S. intcgrifolia 
prove not to be genuine species of Salpiglossis (with which 
however they accord better than with any other established 
Genus,) I ean by no means consent to their being united 
with Nierembergia, the form of whose corolla isuiost re- 
markable. The stamens in our two plants are manifestly 
unequal ; there are four didynamous ones, and a fifth 
smaller than the rest, but antheriferous. H. 



, Fjg-.l. F !<wer. 2. Base of the Flower kid open to show the Stamens. 
3. Pistil.— Magnified, l 



ZiSf, 




( 3257 ) 

Epacris heteronema. Varying-stemmed 

Epacris. 

******************** 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Epacride^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx coloratus, multibracteatus, bracteis textura caly- 
cis ! Corolla tubulosa, limbo imberbi. Stamina epipetala : 
Antheris supra medium peltatis. Squamulce 5 hypogynae. 
Capsula placentis columns centrali adnatis. — Fruticuli 
ramosi, scepius glabri. Folia sparsa, petiolala v. basi sini- 
plici. F lores axillares, in spicam foliatam scepius digesti, 
albi v. purpurascentes . Br. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Epacris heteronema; foliis elliptico-lanccolatis acuminatis 
concaviusculis subtus striatis, calycibus acutissimis nu- 
dis longitudine tubi, staminibus inclusis, stylo glabro, 
ramulis hirsutis. Br. 

Epacris heteronema. Lab ill. Nov. Holl. v. 1. p. 42. t. 56. 
Br. Prodr. FL Nov. Holl. p. 531. 



Descr. A shrub, with numerous wavy branches, which 
are more or less elongated, bare of foliage below, clothed 
upwards with numerous opposite and decussate leaves, 
which are horizontally patent above, below closely reflexed, 
all of them elliptical or approaching to lanceolate, sharply 
acuminated and pungent, thick and coriaceous, slightly 
concave and dark green above, without any striae, beneath 
pale-coloured, convex, marked with three dorsal and one 
marginal stria on each side. Flowers moderately large, in 
more or less elongated and slightly leafy, terminal spikes. 

Bracteas 



Bracteas and cali/x-leaves whitish, membranaceous, lanceo- 
late and acuminate. Corolla pure white, the tube about as 
long as the five-cleft limb. Stamens situated at the mouth 
of the corolla, and inclined over it. Filament very short. 
Anther oblong, deep purplish red. Pollen yellow. Germen 
subglobose, five-lobed, surrounded by an annular lobed 
disk. Style short. Stigma globose, downy, yellow. 

This pretty species of Epacris was discovered by Labil- 
lardiere in Van Dieman's Land, where Mr. Brown also 
gathered it. But it is not confined to that country. Our 
friend Mr. Allan Cunningham found it in moist, rocky situ- 
ations in the Blue Mountains of New Holland, whence he 
introduced it to the Royal Gardens at Kew in 1823. It 
flowers in the month of May, and was obligingly commu- 
nicated by W. T. Aiton, Esq. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Stamen* B. Pistil and glandular Ring. 4. Portion 
of the Stem and Leaves. 5, 6. Front and back view of a Leaf: — More or 
less magnified. 



32S8. 




( 3258 ) 

Platylobium obtusangulum. Obtuse- 
leaved Flat-Pea. 

******************** 

Class and Order. 

DlADELPHIA DECANDRIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Leguminos^i. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx bracteatus, bilabiatus : labio superiore bifido ro- 
tundato maximo. Stamina omnia connexa. Legumen 
pedicellatum, compresso-planum, dorso alatum, polysper- 
mum. Br. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Platylobium obtusangulum; foliis deltoideis angulis obtu- 
siusculis cum mucrone, pedunculis brevissimis (caly- 
ceque ad basin) bracteatis. 



Descr. Stems weak, filiform, irregularly branched and 
proliferous from the axils of the leaves, trailing upon the 
ground if not supported by a stick, greenish, slightly downy. 
Leaves opposite, rather remote, deltoid, subcoriaceous, the 
angles rather obtuse, but each tipped with a point : the 
younger ones almost cordate, without angles, of a pale 
yellow-green colour. Flowers large, in pairs from the 
axils of the leaves, upon peduncles so short that they may 
almost be deemed sessile, and these so covered with three 
or four brown, concave bracteas, as entirely to conceal 
them : two other larger and opposite bracteas appear at the 
base of the calyx. Upper lip of the calyx exceedingly 
large ; the two lobes opposite, appressed : lower lip small 
and three- toothed. Standard very broad, somewhat reni- 
form, with a deep notch at the top, within of a bright 
orange colour with a red ray in the centre; outside orange- 
red, 



red, with a broad grey-brown cloud at the margin : icings 
deep orange-red at the base above. Keel of two very obtuse 
whitish petals, deep orange towards the extremity. 

For the possession of this beautiful plant, the Glasgow 
Botanic Garden is indebted to Dr. Scott, who sent the 
seeds from Van Dieman's Land. These have flourished 
and the plants have been treated as hardy inmates of the 
greenhouse, where they blossom in May. The species may 
possibly be only a variety of the P. triangulare of Brown, 
as given in the Botanical Magazine by Mr. Gawler, at t. 
1568. But this has a much more straggling habit, and 
longer branches, frequently throwing out new shoots from 
the axils of the leaves, the old leaves have much more obtuse 
angles, and the young ones are not angular at all : — the 
flowers are considerably larger and the lobes of the calyx 
particularly so. In one respect, indeed, neither the present 
plant, nor that of Mr. Sims, coincides with P. triangulare ; 
and that is in the exceedingly short peduncles,, which are 
entirely covered with bracteas ; whereas it is stated in the 
Hortus Kewensis by Mr. Brown, cc pedunculis basi apice- 
que bracteatis, medio nudis." 



Fig. 1. A Flower and Flower-bud. 2. Back view of the Vexillum. 3. 
The Alse. 4. The Carina : — magnified. 





Z269. 





( 3259 ) 

Platylobium Murrayanum. Mr. Murray's 
Platylobium. 

Class and Order. 

DlADELPHIA DECANDRIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Leguminos^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx bracteatus, bilabiatus : labio superiore bifido ro- 
tundato maximo. Stamina omnia connexa. Legumen 
pedicellatum, compresso-planum, dorso alatum, polysper- 
mum. Br. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Platylobium Murray anum; caule ramosissimo, ramis erec- 
tiusculis flexuosis rigidis, foliis deltoideis acute mucro- 
natis, pedunculis filiformibus folio longioribus basi 
apiceque solummodo bracteatis. 



Descr. This plant forms a rather dense bush, about a 
foot high, dividing from the base mto numerous suberect, 
flexuose branches, bearing other lateral, rather short and 
patent ones, all of them filiform, somewhat rigid or wiry, 
and rather woody. Leaves opposite, almost exactly deltoid, 
sometimes slightly acuminated, the angles acute and mu- 
cronate. From beneath the axils of these leaves, conse- 
quently in pairs, arises the peduncle, which is filiform, 
longer than the leaf itself, more or less curved, having at 
the base about six small, distichous bracteas, and at the 
extremity, or immediately at the base of the calyx, two 
minute brown bracteas. Calyx considerably smaller than 
in P. obtusangulum, but the same in form. The corolla 
likewise is similar, only smaller in all its parts. Young 
fruit considerably longer than the calyx, linear, sickle- 
shaped, stipitate, margined ; the upper margin the broadest, 

botli 



both hairy, terminated by the rather short style : about 
six-seeded. 

This plant likewise, as well as the P. obtusangulum, was 
received from Dr. Scott, from Van Dieman's Land, at the 
Glasgow Botanic Garden, and Mr. Murray, the able and 
zealous Curator of that establishment, at once recognized it 
as a species quite distinct both from the subject of the pre- 
ceding plate and from the P. triangulare of Dr. Sims ; and 
I am desirous that it should bear his name. It bears a great 
number of flowers, which expand their vivid petals during 
the day, closing as the evening approaches. 



Fig. 1. Flower and Peduncle. 2. Calyx, seen in front. 3. Ala?. 4. 
Carina. 5. Young Legume : — magnified. 



\26G. 







tr.Jtf.Ur.t-* 



M^>/,Mt W tbmmtm 



( 3260 ) 

Eucalyptus amygdalina. Almond-leaved 
Eucalyptus. 

Class and Order. 

ICOSANDRIA MoNOGYNIA. 

( Nat. Ord.— Myrtace^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calycis tubus persistens, obovatus aut globosus, cupulas- 
formis, limbus operculaeformis, integer, basi circumscissa et 
regulariter dehiscens, deciduus. Pet. o. Stam. filamenta 
numerosa, libera. Capsula 4-locularis, aut abortu trilocu- 
laris, apice dehiscens, polysperma. — Arbores (Nova Hol- 
landice) excelsce. Folia integerrima, coriacea, scepius al- 
terna, rarius opposita, interdum in iisdem individuis varia, 
paucis, exceptis glaberrima. Pedunculi axillares, breves, 
umbellam 3- — b-fioram gerentes. Operculum in nonnullis, 
ex cl. Brown, exterius calycinum, interius corollinum. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Eucalyptus amygdalina; operculo hemisphasrico submu- 
tico cupula breviore, pedunculis axillaribus et latera- 
libus teretiusculis petioli longitudine, umbellis 6 — 8- 
floris subcapitals, foliis lineari-lanceolatis basi attenu- 
atis apice acuminato-mucronatis. De Cand. 

Eucalyptus amygdalina. Labill. Nov. Holl. 2. 14. t. 154. 
Spreng. Syst. Veget. v. 2. p. 501. De Cand. Prodr. 3. 
219. Graham, in Edin. Phil. Journ. June, 1833. 

Metros ideros salicifolia. Gartner, Fruct. et. Sem. 1. 171. 
t.M.fig.Sf 



Descr. With us a rather slender shrub. Branches pen- 
dulous. Leaves (three to four inches long) petiolate, 
linear-lanceolate, acuminato-mucronate, sometimes falcate 

or 



or subsessile, ovato-elliptical and mucronate ; glaucous, 
especially when young* ; distantly sprinkled with minute, 
transparent dots : middle rib strong, veins and marginal 
callosity scarcely visible till dry. Flowers in axillary five- 
to eight- (or more) flowered corymbs ; peduncles scarcely 
longer than the petiole, stouter than it, nearly round, 
or obscurely furrowed ; pedicels resembling the peduncle, 
and not much more slender. Calyx, including the coher- 
ing segments of its limb (operculum), scarcely so long as 
the pedicel ; operculum hemispherical, minutely pointed, 
shorter than the tube (cupula). Stamens numerous, white, 
longer than the cupula. Style longer than the cupula, but 
shorter than the stamens. 

This species, a native of Van Dieman's Land, flowered at 
the Botanic Garden in the beginning of this month, when 
trained against the wall. We have not yet ascertained 
whether, like the Eucalyptus pulverulenta, it will thrive 
without this protection. Graham. 



Fig. 1. Flower with its Operculum. 2. Flower, from which the Opercu- 
lum has fallen. 3. A Flower, from which the Stamens are removed : mag- 
nified. 



5261. 




Ii,f- A,- f. i'„,.:,. 



( 3261 ) 

Pleurothallis prolifera. Proliferous 
Pleurothallis. 

******************* 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala conniventia, subaequalia, lateralibus vel omnibus 
connatis. Petala minora. Labellwn liberum, cum co- 
lumna subparallelum, integerrimum, petalis difforme. Co- 
lumna elongata, aptera, libera, cum ovario continua. 
Anthera apice membranacea. Pollinia 2, nunc materia 
pulveria ad apicem cohaerentia. — Herbae epiphytce, rhizo- 
mate repente filiformi. Caules fdij or mes, monophylli, sept- 
us vaginati. Flores axillares, solitarii, v. fasciculati v. 
racemosi, herbacei velfusci. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Pleurothallis prolifera ; caulibus ancipitibus, folio ob- 
longo cochleato carnoso prolifero racerno duplo longi- 
ore, bracteis cuneatis cuspidatis cucullatis pedicello 
brevioribus, sepalis conniventibus lateralibus semi- 
connatis, petalis labelloque conformibus duplo longio- 
ribus, clinandrio dentato. Lindl. 

Pleurothallis prolifera. Herbert, MSS. Lindl. Bot. Reg. 
t. 1298. Ejusd. Gen. et Sp. Orchid. Part I. p. 6. 



Descr. A parasite, with simple, compressed stems, four 
to five inches high, partly clothed with two or three large 
sheathing, membranous, striated scales, throwing out a few 
flexuose, simple, whitish, fleshy fibres from the base, and 
bearing a single leaf at the extremity, three to four inches 
in length, of an ovate form and acute, between boat-shaped 

and 



and cucullate, remarkably thick and fleshy. In the hollow 
of this, and from near the sinus at the base, the distichous 
raceme of flowers is produced, arising from a little mem- 
branous sheath, and closely appressed to the surface of the 
lerf. Bracteas membranaceous, circum volute, shorter than 
the small pedicel. Flowers nearly erect. Leaflets or sepals 
of the calyx also erect, lanceolate, the two lateral, or infe- 
rior ones, combined for half their length and gibbous, deep 
blackish-purple, minutely papillose, within more inclining 
to red, or marked with minute, dark-coloured tubercles. 
Petals erect, spathulate, half the length of the sepals, of a 
deep rose colour, pale at the margin, toothed upwards. 
Lip erect, oblongo-lauceolate, dark purple-brown, minutely 
hispid at the point, with two small, incurved lobes near the 
base, which are ciliato-serrated. Column a little shorter 
than the petals, erect, slightly winged and serrated above, 
terminating in a membranous appendage (the clinandrium) 
within which the hemispherical yellow anther is situated. 
Pollen-masses two, obovate. Germen very short, jointed 
on the pedicel. 

Our collections are indebted for the possession of this 
very remarkable orchideous plant, to the Hon. and Rev. 
William Herbert, who received it from shady rocks at 
Boto Fogo, near Rio Janeiro. It flowers in June, and re- 
quires the same treatment as the other tropical parasites of 
the same family. In general structure the present species 
bears a great similarity with the P. saurocephalus, (Bot. 
Mag. t. 3030) which inhabits the same country. 



Tab. 1. Flower. 2. Flower, from which the sepals and lip are removed. 
3. Lip. 4. Anther-case. 5. Pollen-masses : — magnified. 







W.JMdtl 



Put Ar >' Otrtrs ttl«!tn*<>*d£m*Slp21&> 



Swan Se 



( 3262 ) 

catasetum trifidum. tllifid-lipped 
Catasetum. 

******************** 
Class and Order. 

GVNANDRIA MONANDRIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchtde^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium rectum saepius globosum. Labellum sac- 
catum concavum (raro explanatum), sepalis difForme. 
Columna aptera bicirrhosa. Anthera cornuta bilocularis. 
Pollinia postice biloba, in filo maximo denudato trausverso, 
demum elastice contractili, inserta. LindL 

Specific Name and Character. 

Catasetum * trifidum: floribus maculatis, petalis duobus 
cum sepalo superiore conniventibus, labello patentis- 
simo piano trifido segmentis lateralibus acuminatis 
intermedio crasso obtuso breviore. 



Descr. Our plant consisted of a former year's leafless, 
oblong, jointed, and striated bulb, or bulb-like stem, from 
the side of which arises a young shoot, with a scarcely bul- 
biform stem, sheathed with two or three scales, and bearing 
four to five elliptico-lanceolate, waved, acuminated, stri- 
ated, and acuminated leaves, bright but pale green above, 
paler and somewhat glaucous beneath. Scape, from the 
base of the stem, nearly a foot and a half high. Flowers in 
a lax, drooping spike, large, of lurid green colour, tinged, 
and copiously spotted with purple. Bracteas rather small. 

green, 



* From xoltu, downwards, and teta, a bristle, from the bristle-shaped 
appendages to the column which point downwards. 
VOL. VII. K 



green, half embracing the base of the club-shaped germen. 
Calyx-leaves or sepals three, broadly lanceolate, spreading, 
but also incurved, concave, the superior one the narrowest; 
and with this the two oblong lanceolate petals are connivent. 
Labellum very patent, lying close within the lower sepals, 
shorter than they, plane, or with the sides slightly deflexed, 
glossy, and of a rather darker green, and more deeply 
spotted than the rest of the flowers, deeply trifid at the 
extremity ; the two lateral segments considerably acumi- 
nated ; the intermediate one shorter, thickened, and purple. 
Column porrected, rather short and semicyliudrical, with a 
slender, acuminated, subulate point, bearing in front two 
long, acuminated filaments, diverging beyond the middle 
and lying close upon the labellum. Anther-case oval, with 
a subulate point corresponding with that of the column. 

For this beautiful and most interesting species of Cata- 
setum, the Glasgow Botanic Garden is indebted to Mr. 
Lockhart, who sent the living plant from Trinidad. It 
produced its large spike of flowers in the month of May. 
Professor Lindley has already figured a species of the 
Genus, (C. cristatum, Bot. Reg. t. 966.) which differed from 
all the then known species of Catasetum in the spreading 
character of the labellum, and in the manner in which the 
sepals are expanded ; but in every other respect, in its habit, 
foliage, inflorescence, and especially in the structure of its 
column, it entirely agreed with Catasetum. The same re- 
marks may, with ecpjal propriety, be applied to the present 
individual, which is moreover, as a species, totally distinct 
from C. cristatum. 



Fig. 1. Front view of an entire Flower. 2. Anther-Case. 3. Pollen- 



5263 




( 3263 ) 

Astragalus procumbens. Procumbent 
Milk- Vetch. 

******************* 

Class and Order. 

DlADELPHIA DeCANDRIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Leguminos^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 5-dentatus. Corolla carina obtusa. Stamina dia- 
delpha. Legumen biloculare aut semibiloculare, sutura 
inferiore introflexa. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Astragalus procumbens ; ubiquehirsuto-tomentosus, caule 
prostrato ramoso, stipulis concretis liberis, foliolis 11- 
— 14-jugis ellipticis retusis, pedunculis folio longio- 
ribus, capitulis racemosis, alis carina multo brevioribus, 
leguminibus (immaturis) linearibus hirsutis reflexis. 

Astragalus procumbens. Hook, et Am. in Bot. of Beech. 
Voy. v. I, p. 18. et in Bot. Misc. v. 2. p. 186. 



Descr. Root descending, perennial. Stems procum- 
bent, in the cultivated specimen short, in our native ones 
a foot and a half or more long-, procumbent, more or less 
branched ; the branches terete, clothed with dense, white 
down. Leaves three to four inches long', pinnated with 
nearly opposite elliptical leaflets, which in the specimens 
before me are likewise clothed with very copious and com- 
pact, white, woolly down, except the lower leaves which, 
have the leaflets broader and almost glabrous. Stipules 
free from, or not ad n ate with the petiole, but meeting on the 
opposite side of the stein, where the edges are connate, 
membranous, reddish. Peduncles terminal and axillary, 
solitary, longer than the leaves, bearing a dense, oval, or 

oblong 



oblong raceme of flowers. Calyx with five rather unequal 
teeth, and clothed with short, but shaggy, blackish hairs. 
Vexillum broad and roundish, clawed, yellowish in the 
centre, the rest bright-bluish purple, but not a deep purple, 
with deeper oblique lines. Ala short, pale yellow, ob- 
longo-obovate ; Carina obtuse, yellowish below, the rest 
dingy purple. Anthers orange-coloured. Gormen oblong, 
very hairy : Style curved upwards, slender. 

Communicated from the Birmingham Botanic Garden by 
Mr. Cameron, who raised the plants from Chilian seeds. 
It is found in the plains at Conception, Valparaiso, and 
Coquimbo, and will probably always require the protection 
of a greenhouse, or of a frame. Its flowering season is 
May. 

In the Botanical Miscellany, Mr. Arnott and myself 
have had occasion to notice the variable character of this 
plant. We there considered that state as a, which is 
clothed with soft and silky hairs : /3, with the leaves some- 
what glabrous above : y, with the stem and leaves gla- 
brous ; and <? with the leaflets linear. The present may 
almost be considered a fifth variety, having more copiously 
and compactly woolly leaves and stems than any of the 
others. 

Judging from the very young state of the fruit, I am 
inclined to think this plant would be more correctly referred 
to Phaca. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Pistil. 3. Section of the Ovary : magnified. 



32#* 







( 3264 ) 

Dracophyllum secundum. Secund-flow- 
ered Dracophyllum. 

******************** 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Epacride^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx bi- vel ebracteatus. Corolla tubulosa, limbo 5- 
partito., patently imberbi. Stamina epipetala v. hypogyna. 
SquamulcB b, hypogynas. Capsula placentis ab apice co- 
lumnar centralis pendulis., solutis. — Frutices v. Arbusculae, 
ramis dwn denudatis annulatis. Folia imbricala, basi cu- 
cullatis semivaginantibus. SpicaB vel racemi terminates : 
illi simplices, hi quandoque compositi. Br. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Dracophyllum* secundum; racemo secundo, pedunculis 
infimis divisis,, corollas tubo subventricoso fauce vix 
coarctata limbo obtusiusculo., calycibus ebracteatis, 
staminibus hypogynis. Br. 

Dracophyllum secundum. Br. Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl. p. 
556. Guillem. Ic. PL Austr. Rar. p. 1. t. 1. Schultes 
Syst. Veget. v. 4. p. 385. 

Prionotes secunda. Spreng. Syst. Veget. v. 1. p. 631. 

Epacris secunda. Poir. Enc. Meth. Suppl. v. 2. p. 556. 



Descr. A singular-looking shrub, with a good deal the 
habit of some monocotyledonous plants. The stem is 
branched, and clothed (except in the lower part, which is 

marked 



* Draco, (Dracoana draco), and QvXhov, a leaf, from the general resem- 
blance in the form of the leaves to those of the Dragon Tree. 



marked with scars) with the sheathing bases of the foliage. 
The leaves themselves are two to four inches long, linear- 
subulate, rather harsh, scattered, reflexed, grooved above, 
of a glaucous-green, striated, quite entire. The branches 
are terminated with a long and compound, more or less 
dense raceme. Flowers secund, moderately large. Calyx 
of five deep, lanceolate, acuminate, appressed, reddish seg- 
ments, almost of five leaves. Corolla in our specimen almost 
cylindrical, a little ventricose, slightly contracted above the 
middle, and there having a dusky band : the rest of the 
corolla is pure white: the mouth is slightly contracted : the 
limb of five short, spreading teeth or segments. Stamens 
hypogynous, much shorter than the tube : anthers oblong, 
red-orange. Hypogynous glands five, alternating with the 
filaments, nearly square, dark green. Ovary roundish. 
Style rather shorter than the stamens. Stigma simple. 

This is a rare and highly interesting suffruticose plant of 
the Natural Order Epacride^;, communicated by Mr. Aiton, 
from the Royal Gardens at Kew, where it was first raised in 
this country from seeds transmitted by Mr. Allan Cunning? 
ham in 1823, and gathered near Port Jackson. The spe- 
cimen was accompanied by the following observations from 
Mr. Cunningham himself. " It is found in shaded ravines, 
and such humid situations as Ferns delight in. In its native 
country, its habit is different from that which it not unfre- 
quently assumes in cultivation : for, growing there, as it 
always does, on wet sand-stone rocks, almost wholly de- 
nuded of soil, its raceme is much fewer flowered, and the 
plant itself altogether of slenderer growth. Some speci- 
mens at Kew exhibit an unnatural luxuriance, the raceme 
of flowers being much crowded together, and some of these 
being monstrous, (the effect probably of luxuriant growth,) 
formed by the union of three or four corollas, and thus 
presenting a very broad and somewhat flattened tube, with 
many teeth and an indefinite number of stamens : an ap- 
pearance which 1 never witnessed in native specimens. 
The plant is a very desirable one for cultivation, as it 
flowers freely with the protection of a greenhouse, and 
there ripens seeds, by means of which it may readily be 
increased." A. Cunningham. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Hypogynous Scales, Stamens, and Pistil : may v [/led- 




//,/,■/' 



<',„■!,., ffUzuuteed. 



( 3265 ) 

Cattleya Forbesii. Mr. Forbes' 
Cattleya. 

******************** 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide,e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala membranacea v. carnosa, patentia, Eequalia. Pe- 
tala saepius majora. Labellum cucullatum, columnam in- 
volvens, trilobum v. indivisum. Columna clavata, elon- 
gata, semiteres, marginata, cum labello articulata. Anthera 
carnosa, 4-locularis, septorum marginibus membranaceis. 
Pollinia 4, caudiculis totidem replicatis. — Herbas epiphytce, 
(Americance) pseudobulbosa. Folia solitaria, vel bina, co- 
riacea. Flores terminates, speciosissimi, scepe e spatha 
magna erumpentes. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Cattleya* Forbesii; sepalis petalisque subundulatis line- 
ari-lanceolatis subaequalibus, labelli trilobo lobo medio 
cordato subrotundo-ovato argute dentato undulato 
apieulato, Iateralibus minoribus rotundatis planis, 
pseudo-bulbis cylindraceis ciuereis vestitis, spatha 
cylindracea membranacea pedunculo breviore. Lindl. 

Cattleya Forbesii. Lindl. Coll. Bot. t. 37. in textu. Bot. 
Reg. I. 933. Gen. et Sp. Orchid, p. 117. 



Descr. Parasitic. Stem six to eight inches tall, slightly 
swollen, and hence somewhat bulbous, sheathed with long, 
membranous, cylindrical scales, and bearing at its extre- 
mity 



* Named in compliment to William Cattley, Esq. of London, an 
eminent cultivator of plants and patron of Bolany. 



mity two oblong, firm and fleshy, patent leaves, from the 
centre of which, and from within a subcylindrical but cari- 
nated and slightly compressed sheath, arises the rounded 
peduncle, four to five inches long, single-flowered, but 
jointed and bearing one or two bracteas, as if occasionally 
two or more-flowered. Flower large, handsome. Sepals and 
petals spreading, yet incurved, almost exactly similar to 
each other, of a yellowish-green colour, linear-lanceolate, 
faintly striated, often with a brownish tint. Lip externally 
whitish, cylindrical from the involuted sides, and much 
curved, three-lobed at the extremity, the central lobe white 
and crisped at the margin, yellow, and bearing three to four 
elevated lines in the centre, lateral lobes obtuse, slightly 
crenate and reflexed at the extremity. Within, the lip is 
very beautiful, having a broad, deep yellow, elevated line in 
the centre, the yellow gradually passing into rose-colour at 
the margin, and the whole is marked diagonally with forked, 
deep red, elevated lines, most branched near the margin. 
Column appressed to the labellum, semiterete, whitish, 
grooved within, and marked with red lines. Stigjna large, 
convex, very glutinous. Anther sunk into a recess on the 
top of the column, four-celled, white, the cells dark brown. 
A native of Brazil, and introduced to the Gardens of the 
Horticultural Society at Chiswick, by their Collector, Mr. 
Forbes. Our specimen, in the two seasons in which it lias 
flowered, (in June 1832 and 1833,) produced only a one- 
flowered peduncle, whereas Mr. Lindley represents two 
blossoms on the flower-stalk. But as if to make up for the 
deficiency, the size of our flower is much greater. 



Fig. 1. Lip. 2. Ditto laid open. 3. Column. 1 Anther-Case. 5. 5. 
Pollen-masses : — magnified. 



'/Jli/I 




( 3266 ) 

Acacia verniciflua. Varnished 
Acacia. 

Class and Order. 






PoLYGAMIA MONCEC1A. 

( Nat. Ord. — Leguminos^e. ) 

Generic Character . 

Flores poly garni. Cal. 4 — 5-dentatus. Pet. 4 — 5, nunc 
libera, nunc in corollam 4 — 5-fidam coalita. Stam. nu- 
mero varia, 10 — 200. Legumen continuum, exsuccum, 
bivalve. — Frutices aut arbores, habitu et foliatione valde 
varies. Spinae stipulares sparsce aut nulla. De Cand. 



Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Acacia verniciflua ; phyllodiis lineari-lanceolatis subfalcatis 
binerviis utrinque glanduloso-punctatis basi attenu- 
atis antice uniglandulosis marginibus crassiusculis 
scabris, capitulis solitariis subracemosisve axillaribus, 
pedunculis capitulo plus duplo longioribus, rainulis 
virgatis viscidis. A. Cunningham. , 

Acacia verniciflua. A. Cunninghayn, in Field's N. S. Wales, 
p. 344. (1824.) Don's Sj/st. of Gard. v. 2. p. 404. 
n. 21. 

Acacia virgata. Loddiges Bot. Cab. t. 1246 (1828.) 



Descr. A slender, twiggy shrub, remarkable for a glu- 
tinous substance, which clothes not only the young stems, 
but, although in a less degree, the young foliage also. 
Leaves (or phyllodia,) remote, alternate, two inches or two 
inches and a half long, coriaceous, linear, attenuated at 
both extremities so as to be somewhat lanceolate, more or 
less falcate, two-nerved, punctato-glandulose on both sides, 
slightly thickened at the margin, and having a solitary, 
conspicuous, sessile gland near the base on the upper mar- 
gin. Flowers deep yellow, in globose capitula of a deep 

yellow 



yellow colour,, on peduncles which are longer than the 
heads of flowers, and generally in pairs from the axils of 
the leaves. 

This species of Acacia was discovered by Mr. Allan 
Cunningham, during Mr. Oxley's Expedition in 1817, in 
the country around Bathurst, where it flowered throughout 
the winter. te It also adorns the barren hills near Cox's 
River at the cool season of the year, and about December 
produces its ripened pods. With us (at Kew, whence the 
specimen here figured was sent by Mr. Aiton,) it blossoms 
in the spring along with many others of its kindred, mingled 
with which it forms an agreeable contrast, by its slender 
habit, and deep yellow flowers. It was first raised at Kew 
from seeds sent from the Colony in the year 1823. Asa 
species, its nearest affinity is with A. dodonecefolia, Willd. 
and A. graveolens, Cunningham ; from both of which, how- 
ever, it is abundantly distinct." A. Cunningham. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Leaf: — magnified. 



( 3267 ) 

Ceropegia Wightii. Dr. Wight's 
Ceropegia. 

***************** 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Digynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Asclepiade^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 5-partitus. Corolla basi ventricosa, lobo infundi- 
buliformi, limbi laciniis conniventibus ligulatis. Corona 
staminea duplex (?): interioris foliola lobis exterioris oppo- 
sita. Anther ce. apice simplices. Stig?na muticum. Folli- 
culi cylindracei laeves. Semina comosa. — Suffrutices vel 
herbae volubiles. Wight. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Ceropegia Wightii ; volubilis glaber, radice bulbosa, foliis 
ovatis acutis carnosis, corollae tubo basi inflato-globoso 
limbi 5-fido laciniis linearibus lanuginosis approxima- 
tes, lobis coronae stamineae exterioris integris interio- 
ribus alternantibus, interioris carnosis lateraliter com- 
pressis albidis recurvis exteriori duplo longioribus. 
Wight. 

Ceropegia Wightii. Graham MSS. 

Descr. The whole plant glabrous, twining, fleshy. Root 
bulbous. Leaves opposite, ovate, acute, succulent, about an 
inch long, three or four lines broad, and often nearly as 
thick. Umbels lateral, few -flowered. Calyx five -parted, 
laciniag acute. Corolla about an inch long; tube slender, 
globular at the base, widening at the border, five-cleft ; 
laciniae approximated for their whole length, narrow, linear, 
purple, (or dark green, H.) densely woolly. Organs of fruc- 
tification concealed in the inflated part of the tube, and sur- 
rounded by the Corona, the exterior lobes of which are 
ovate, entire, and alternate with the interior ; these latter 
are erect, somewhat fleshy, about twice the length of the 
exterior series, laterally compressed, white, (stained with 
deep rose-colour) and from about the middle upwards 

curved 



curved outwards, presenting a star-like appearance. Anthers obtuse, 
naked at the apex, two-celled : Pollen-masses erect, attached by the 
base. Stigma blunt. Wight. 

This very distinct species of Ceropegia flowered this summer (1833) 
in the Edinburgh Botanic Garden, where it had been received from the 
East Indies, under the name of C. bulbosa. It agrees with that species 
in having a tuberous root, a twining, succulent stem, in the leaves, and 
in the form of the corolla; but is at once distinguished by the corona, 
which equally separates it from every other species with which I am 
acquainted. I would take this opportunity of calling the attention of 
Botanists to the form of that organ, as affording the most permanent 
characters for distinguishing allied species in this Genus. — In some, its 
interior lobes are very long, while the exterior are reduced to a narrow 
margin, and these appear opposite the interior, as in C. bulbosa, acumi- 
nata, and tuberosa, Roxb., and in another East Indian species in my 
Herbarium. — A second set has the exterior series in five distinct, ovate, 
entire, or two-cleft lobes, alternate with the interior, the interior ones 
more than twice their length, and hooked outwards at the point. To 
this section, belong C. juncea, Roxb. C. Wighlu, perhaps C. Lunda, 
Wall. PL Rarior. and two undescribed species in mv Herbarium. — 
In a third set, all the lobes are ligulate, the exterior double the number 
of the interior, and nearly equalling them in length. To this sectioji 
belong C. elegans, Wall, in Bot. Mag. and two unpublish n i s in 

my Herbarium. — A fourth set has the interior lobes long and filiform, 
the exterior double their number, ovate, obtuse, and scarcely the length 
of the column of fructification. To this section belong one unpublished 
species from Nepaul, (C. Wallichii) Wight in Herb. Royle, and per- 
haps C. longifolia, Wall. PI. Rar. 

In all these, the exterior lobes are at least twice as long as the inte- 
rior. — In the fifth section, the interior lobes barely exceed the column of 
fructification, and are about one half longer than the exterior. To this 
section belong two unpublished species in my Herbarium. These are 
all that I have had an opportunity of examining with reference to that 
point. — The species so grouped, often differ very widely in other re- 
spects, thereby producing some very unnatural combinations 

In these remarks, I have employed the terms exterior and interior 
series of lobes of the corona, from supposing that the terms outer and 
inner corona used by Dr. Brown in his character of the Genus (in the 
Wern. Trans.) imply the presence of a double series of parts, or two ver- 
ticils, a structure which does not, I think, exist. The coronal appendage 
is apparently a campanulate organ, often resembling inform, the limb of 
the corolla, the ligulate divisions of which represent the interior series 
of lobes, while the intermediate, ventricose portions represent the exte- 
rior. Taking this view of its structure, I infer, that the organ is composed 
of a single verticil of five leaves, the lamina of which are more or less 
united, while the costse are each prolonged into an acumen. The acu- 
men forms the inner lobes, while the lamina more or less developed, 
form the outer series. If this be correct, it would appear that the 
corona of Ceropegia, and perhaps of the whole Order Asclepiade.e, 
js analogous to the antheriferous tribe of Meliace.e, and may form a 
link between these otherwise very distant Orders. R. Wight. 



r&£ F1 r^ e \ 2 ' Stami »al Crown. 3. Column of Stamens 4. Poll***** 

<-aiyx and Pistil;— magnified. 



VV/.V 







( 3268 ) 

Astragalus vesicarius. Bladdered 
Milk -Vetch. 

Class and Order. 

DlADELPHIA DECANDRIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Leguminos^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 5-dentatus. Corolla carina obtusa. Stamina dia- 
delpha. Legumen triloculare aut semibiloculare, sutura 
inferiore iutroflexa. D C. 

Sect. V. Vesicarii ; stipulis nee petiolo nee inter se adna- 
tis,jloribus purpurascentibus aut albidis, calycibus vesica- 
i^iis. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Astragalus* vesicarius; diffuso-procumbens pube adpressa 
sericeo-canus, foliolis 5 — 7-jugis ellipticis, pedunculis 
folio longioribus, calycibus vesicariis pube nigra ad- 
pressa et pilis albidis patulis vestitis, leguminibus hir- 
sutis calyce paulo longioribus. D C. 

Astragalus vesicarius. Linn. Sp. PL p. 1071. Fill. Delph. 
t. 42./! 1. De Cand. Astragal, n. 15. Syst. Veget. r. 
2. p. 288. Spreng. Syst. Veget. v. 3. p. 302. 

Astragalus albidus. Waldst. et Kit. PL Rar. Hung. v. 1. 
*. 40. 

Astragalus dealbatus. Pall. Astr. t. 23. f. 1. 

Astragalus glaucus. Bieb. Fl. Taur. Cauc. n. 1484. 



Descr. Root perennial, descending, and branched. Stem 
much divided, about a span long, hoary as well as the 

leaves 



* So named from its affinity with the u<rrp*yxXos of Dioscorides, the 
Obobus vernus of modern authors. 



leaves from minute, whitish pubescence. Leaves with 
about five pairs of elliptical, opposite leaflets and a terminal 
one. Stipules small, linear-lanceolate, free at the base of 
the petiole. Peduncles considerably longer than the leaves 
from the axils of which they arise. Flowers collected into 
a roundish head, which, however, becomes more elongated 
as the fruit advances to maturity. Bracteas minute. Pedi- 
cels very short. Calyx large, inflated, ovato-globose, of a 
greenish-purple colour, five-toothed, downy with black and 
white hairs. Vexillum oblong, retuse, purple, much bluer 
in the older flowers, and in the dried specimens becoming 
deep blue: Al<e oblong, on long claws, white with a red- 
dish tinge : Carina short, obtuse, with long, straight claws, 
white, tipped with purple. Anthers deep yellow, almost 
entirely concealed within the carina. Germen oblong, 
very silky, tapering into a long, slender style curved up- 
wards at the extremity, and tipped with the small stigma. 

This very handsome and highly desirable species of As- 
tragalus is a native of barren wastes in the South of 
France and of Russia as well as of Hungary, and is perfectly 
hardy, flowering in May. Although, as cultivated in the 
Glasgow Botanic Garden from seeds communicated by Mr. 
Otto of Berlin, the flowers are always of a rich purple 
colour, becoming darker and almost blue in age, yet they 
appear in a wild state to be sometimes cream-coloured or 
white. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Carina and Stamens. 3. Alee. 4. Pistil: — mag- 
r, ifiea. 



( 3269 ) 

Lychnis Pyrenaica. Pyuenean 
Catch-fly. 

Class and Order. 
Decandria Pentagynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Caryophylle^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx tubulosus, 5-dentatus, nudus. Petala 5, migui- 
culata, faucc saepius coronata. Stamina 10. Slyli 5. Cap- 
sula 1 — 3-locularis, anthophoro longo vel nullo. D C. 

Specific Character and Synony?ns. 

Lychnis Pyrenaica; glaberrima, caulibus casspitgsis, foliis 
radicalibus spathulatis longe petiolatis, caulinis corda- 
tis sessilibus, paniculis dichotomis, calycibus tubuloso- 
subcampanulatis, petalis subemarginatis faucc coro- 
natis. 

Lychnis Pyrenaica. Berg. Fl. Vass. Pyren. 2. p. 264. 
(D C.J De Cand. Fl. Ft. v. 5. p. 60S. Spreng. 
Syst. Veget. v. 2. p. 421. 

Lychnis iiummularia. Lapeyr. Hist. des. PI. des Pyren. 
p. 263. 



Descr. Root perennial, slender, fusiform, and fibrous. 
Stc??is several from the same root, a span or more high, 
slender, diffuse, quite glabrous, as is every part of the plant. 
Leaves all glaucous green, those of the root spathulate, 
and on long petioles, those of the stem cordate and sessile. 
Panicles terminal, dichotomous, few- (3 — 6) flowered. Pe- 
dicels long and slender, bracteated at the forkings. Flowers 
delicate, and very pale rose-colour. Calyx tubular, smooth, 
broader upwards, and hence somewhat cam pami late, green, 
with five rather broad teeth with membranous, brown mar- 
gins. 

VOL ill L 



gins. Petals clawed ; limb oblong cuneatc, emargiuate, 
with two erect, lanceolate, serrated, rose-coloured scales : 
— these petals as well as the stamens arise from a recep- 
tacle or stalk (anthophora) of the germen. Stamens ten. 
Anthers oblong, greyish. Germen oblong : Styles five, 
slender. Capsule (young) elliptical, surrounded by the 
withered stamens and petals, one-celled, many-seeded. 

An inhabitant of rocky places in the Basses Pyrenees, 
whence I possess beautiful native specimens from the 
" Unio Itineraria." It has probably only of late been 
known in a state of cultivation, and no figure that I am 
aware exists of this highly interesting plant, which is so 
well suited to ornament an alpine border or rock-work. 
It succeeds well likewise in a pot, and is perfectly hardy, 
flowering in June. Our figure is made from plants raised 
from seeds sent to the Glasgow Botanic Garden, by Mr. 
Otto of Berlin. 



Fig. 1. Petal. 2. Unripe Capsule with the withered Stamens and Petals. 
3. Section of ditto : — magnified. 



M, 




A4 /-,- .v ,;„■/,, ,;/„. 



>•■>•/ £.<*. r <;■/'//#.':-, 



( 3270 ) 

PlMELEA ARENAR1A. SAND PiMELEA. 

******************** 
Class and Order. 

DlANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Thymele^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium infundibuliforme, limbo 4-fldo, fauce esqua- 
mata. Stamina 2, fauci inserta, laciniis exterioribus oppo- 
sita. Stylus linearis. Stigma capitatum. Nux corticata, 
raro baccata. — Frutices : Folia opposita vel alterna. Flores 
capitati, terminates, foliis involucrantibus sape dissimilibus, 
interdum connatis, rarius spicati vel axillares, quandoque 
dioici. Perianthii tubus in plerisque 7nedio articulatus, ar- 
ticulo inferior e persistente. Br. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Pimelea arenaria; foliis (decussato-oppositis) ellipticis ob- 
tusiusculis patentibus supra glabris subtus cano-hirtis, 
floralibus capitulum 5— 7-florum subaequantibus, peri- 
anthii tubo brevissimo suburceolato lanuginoso persis- 
tenti, stylo staminibus parum longiore, fructu baccato. 
Allan Cunningham MSS. 

Pimelea arenaria. Allan Cunningham MSS. 



Descr. A small, erect shrub, branched in a dichotomous 
manner, the branches hairy, especially the younger ones. 
Leaves opposite and decussate, ovate, acute, sessile or 
scarcely petiolated, standing out horizontally or sometimes 
reflexed, obscurely downy above, densely clothed with 
appressed, silky hairs beneath, which give the margins a 
ciliated appearance; colour glaucous green. The floral 
leaves stand closer together than the rest, forming a sort 
of involucre beneath the flower, but they are not otherwise 
different. Flowers white, capitate, terminal, pure white, 

nearly 



nearly erect, and large for the Genus. Perianth silky on 
the outside ; the tube contracted upwards; the limb of five 
broadly ovate,, spreading, rather obtuse segments. Fila- 
ments scarcely any ; hence the anthers of a deep orange 
colour, hardly rise beyond the mouth of the perianth. 
Germen oblon go -ovate, very silky. Style as long as the 
tube, slender, filiform. Stigma capitate. 

" This interesting Pimelea, which appears closely allied 
to Mr. Brown's P. cinerea, a ntftive of Van Diemen's Land, 
I found growing on the bare, exposed, sandy ridges at the 
entrance of the river Hokianga, on the Western coast of 
the Northern island of New Zealand, where it was observed 
in flower in the months of September and October, 1826. 
It approaches also near to P. nivea of Labill. which, how- 
ever, has imbricated leaves and stamens extending beyond 
the tube of the perianth; as well as to P. pilosa, Vahl, 
(Banksia tomentosa, Forst.) equally an inhabitant of New 
Zealand; but that is described as a twiggy shrub, with 
lanceolate leaves." Allan Cunningham. 

Introduced by Mr. Allan Cunningham, in 1827, to the 
Royal Gardens of Kew, whence our flowering specimen 
was obligingly communicated by Mr. Aiton., in July, 1833. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Pistil. 3. Upper, and f. 4, under side of a Leaf: 
magnified. 




■r ly 3 3 



( 3271 ) 

Plagianthus divaricatus. Spreading 
Plagianthus. 

******************** &* 

Class and Order. 

MoNADELPHIA DeCANDRIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — EuphorbiacejE ? Bombace*;. DC.) 

Generic Character. 

Flores hermaphroditi. Calyx subhemisphaericus, 5-den- 
tatus. Pet. 5, ovalia, basi cum tubo staminum unita. 
Stam. 10 — \2 j: filamenta in tubum cylindraceum imitum. 
Pistillum solitarium. Germen ovatum uni- bi-ovulatum, 
ovulis suspensis. Stylus crassiusculus. Stigma magnum, 
bilobum, hinc decturens, papillosum. Capsula subdru- 
pacea, mono-dicocca, apiculata, indehiscens ? Cocculi mo- 
nospermy Semen pendens. Albumen carnosum. Embryo 
immersus curvatus: Radicula cylindracea ad hilum semi- 
nis versa: Cotyledones majusculae, plana?, subfoliaceas, lon- 
gitudinaliter undulatae. — Frutex parvus, virgatus. Folia 
linearia, fasciculata, 3-nervia. Flores subsolitarii, parvi, 
b rev i-pedunculati, Jlavescentes . 

Specific Name and Synonyms. 

Plagianthus * divaricatus. 

Plagianthus divaricatus. Forst. Gen. t. 43. De Cand. 
Prodr. v. 1. 477. Spreng. Syst. Veget. v. 3. p. 81. 



Descr. A twiggy shrub, with dark brown and ronghish 
bark and leaves, which latter are fascicled, small, linear, ge- 
nerally broader upwards, obtuse, quite entire and glabrous, 
with a central rib, and two lateral, wavy nerves, showing 

some 



* From nXayios, oblique, ami aAof, a flower, from an obliquity or irregu- 
larity of the petals, a peculiarity not observable in the present specimens. 



some disposition to anastomose with the costa. Among 
these leaves the flower appears, solitary or sometimes two 
together, small, and upon a very short footstalk. Calyx 
cup-shaped or nearly hemispherical, persistent, having five 
small but sharp teeth, glabrous. Petals five, oval or obo- 
vate, slightly concave, yellowish, spreading, united by their 
bases to the base of the column. Sta?ncns about twelve; 
the filaments combined into a cylindrical column or tube: 
Anthers broadly oval, two-celled, orange-coloured. Pistil 
solitary : Germen ovate with one or two pendulous ovules : 
Style thickish : Stigma two-lobcd, large and decurrent on 
one side, papillose, white. The scarcely mature fruit is a 
dicoccous, or by abortion a monococcous and oblique, sub- 
drupaceous, slightly downy fruit, with an apiculus formed 
of the persistent base of the style. Nut, if it may be so 
called, chartaceous, indehiscent. Seed suspended from the 
inner margin of the cell with a very short funiculus, albu- 
minose : Albumen fleshy. Embryo large, green, immersed, 
curved or somewhat conduplicate, the cylindrical radicle 
being turned towards the hilum : Cotyledons large, thin, 
almost foliaceous, longitudinally waved. 

Hitherto nothing appears to have been known of this 
singular plant, except through the imperfect figure and de- 
scription of Forster above quoted, who discovered the 
plant in New Zealand. Mr. Allan Cunningham found it 
in the same country, and introduced it to the Kew Gardens, 
from which flowering specimens were sent to us in May 
1833, and young fruit in the following July, by W. T. Aiton, 
Esq. It is indeed a shrub that has little to recommend it 
on the score of beauty, but much from its rarity and struc- 
ture. De Candolle has referred it to Bombace^e, to which 
it has a similarity in the column of the stamens. Mr. Cun- 
ningham thinks it may perhaps be allied to a section of 
Byttneriace;e, DC, and not far removed from Hermannia, 
or from Walteria, in which the fruit is reduced to a single- 
seeded carpellum; and that the generally pentadelphous 
stamens, and the seeds usually enveloped in a cottony 
wool or pulp in Bombace^e forbid its union with that Order. 
In some respects, there appears to be an affinity with Eu- 
phorbiace^, an idea that has also occurred to Mr. Cunning- 
ham, as well as to Mr. Donn : and there, not, however, 
without great hesitation, I have placed it. 

Fig. 1. 2. Flower* 3, t. PiatiL :>. Section of a Germen. 6, 7, 8. Fruit?- 
•'. ihe same as fig. 7, from which a portion of the coal of Hie Nut is re- 
, mov,,d - l0 : Trra ,-,, and u, v ,, niril , Sections of a Fniit. 12. E»- 
Dryo : magnified. 



( 3272 ) 

Beaufortia Dampieri. Dampier's 
Beaufortia. 

A', Af- •'if- .Sl'i ^ .^t A', A'- A*- Af- ■St'- A'- i^t A'- A', A'. A'. A'. A'. 
MS M? MS MS MS 'I s MS MS MS MS MS VIS MS MS MS MS MS MS MS 

CZass «wrf Order. 

PoLYADELPHIA PoLYANDRIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Myrtace^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cat. tubus turbinatus, limbus 5-partitus, lobis acutis. 
Pet. 5. Staminum phalanges 5, petalis opposite. An- 
thercB basi insertae, apice bifidae, lobis deciduis (?). Stylus 
filiformis. Capsula calycis tubo incrassato corticata, 3- 
locularis, loculis monospermis. — Prutices Australasici, ele- 
gantissimi. Folia sessilia opposita aut sparsa. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Beaufortia* Dampieri; foliis oppositis decussatis densis 
lato-ellipticis orbiculatisve obtusis trinerviis, items 
lateralibus obsoletis margine incrassato confluentibus, 
unguibus phalangium petalo plus duplo longioribus, 
filamentis patentibus (stam. 7 — 9). Allan Cunningh. 

Beaufortia Dampieri. Allan Cunningham MSS. 

Damuiara ex Nova Hollandia, Sanamundai sccundae Clusii- 
foliis. Woodward in Dampiefs Voy. fed. 1729.J v. 3. 
p. 110. t. S.f. 4. 

Descr. Apparently a dwarf shrub, with many opposite, 
or subverticillate, tortuose, and sometimes reflexed tetra- 
gonal (taken in conjunction with the leaves) branches, 
which when the leaves have fallen away arc quite rough 
with prominent teeth and scars. Leaves small, coriaceous 
closely placed, beautifully quaternate, generally reflexed, 
broadly oval, approaching to orbicular, coining suddenly to 
a rather obtuse point, when dry often carinated, dark green 
above, scarcely visibly nerved, beneath pale, marked with 
glandular dots and with three prominent nerves reaching 
from the base to the point, and also a marginal nerve. 
Flowers numerous, collected in whorls below the extremity 
of a branch. Calyx oval, five-cleft. Petals small, erect, 

oblong- 



* In honor ol Mary, Duchess of Beaufort, a Patroness of Botany. 



oblong-oval, concave, yellow or brownish green, redder 
towards the apex, and obscurely ciliated at the margin: 
Filaments pale rose, almost white at the base ; the very apex 
deep rose-colour. Anthers very small, bifid. Pistil, appa- 
rently none in the specimen sent. Fruit is represented from a 
dried native specimen, gathered by Mr. Cunningham, at fig. 6. 

" A rare plant, and one of the few shrubs that are to be 
found upon the barren, loose, sandy downs of Dirk Har- 
tog's Island, off Shark's Bay, on the West coast of Aus- 
tralia, where its seeds were gathered in 1822, during the 
surveying voyage of Capt. P. P. King, in H. M. Sloop 
Bathurst, and from which the living plants which have 
repeatedly flowered in the Royal Gardens at Kew were 
raised. That it is the same plant which the celebrated 
navigator Dampier gathered in 1699 on the sterile shores of 
the neighbouring main, namely, at Shark's Bay, whilst pro- 
secuting his voyage in H. M. S. Roebuck appears very 
evident, on a comparison with the figure given in the work 
above quoted, as well as from the description of the species 
by Dr. Woodward : the differences being only such as 
arise from cultivation. Speaking of Damara, a generic 
name which it seems was applied by Rumphius, not only to 
Pinus Damara, L. (Damara australis, Lamb.) but to Mela- 
leuca Lcucodendron, L. and another species figured in the 
Herbarium Amboynense, Dr. Woodward says, c This new 
Genus was sent from Amboyna by Rumphius, by the name 
of Damara, of which he transmitted two kinds, one with 
narrow and long stiff leaves, the other with shorter and 
broader. The present plant, he continues, is of the same 
Genus with them, agreeing both in flower and fruit, though 
very much differing in leaves. The flowers are stamineous, 
and seem to be of an herbaceous colour, growing among the 
leaves, which are short and almost round, very stiff, mid 
ribbed on the underside, of a dark green above, and a paler 
colour underneath, thick, set on by pairs, answering one 
another crossways, so that they cover the stalk. Its fruit is 
as big as a peppercorn, almost round, of a whitish colour, 
dry and tough, with a hole on the top, containing small seeds. 
Every one that sees this plant without its seed-vessels would 
take it for an Erica or Sanamunda* ', (Passerina, L.) The 
leaves of this plant are of a very aromatic taste." Allan 
Cunningham. 

For the above account of this interesting plant, I am indebted to Mr. 
Allan Cunningham, and to Mr. Aiton for the opportunity of figuring it. 

* So called Sana-munda on account of the purgative qualities by the 
people of Spain. 

Fig. 1. Calyx. 2. Petal. 8. Cloater of Filaments. I. Upper, and 8, Under-ri^ 

tit a Leat: magmjml. <;. Portion of a dried native specimen in Fruit : nut. nU> 







WJJfdd 



( 3273 ) 

Lysimachia Azorica. Azorian 
Loose-strife. 

*********************** 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Primulace^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-partitus. Corolla rotata, 5-fida. Stamina 5. Cap- 
sula globosa, 5 — 10-valvis. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Lysimachia Azorica ; foliis brevissime petiolatis ovato-lan- 
ceolatis, lateribus incurvis, pedundulis axillaribus so- 
litariis unifloris, calycis foliolis subulatis, filamentis 
nudis, caalibus brevibus erectis. 

Lysimachia Azorica. Hort. Hafn. 



Descr. Stems scarcely more than the length of one's 
finger, erect, slender, reddish, simple or slightly branched 
near the base. Leaves opposite, upon extremely short 
petioles, glabrous as is all the rest of the plant, ovato-lance- 
olate, somewhat obtuse, the sides incurved, pale green, in 
remote pairs. Peduncles axillary, solitary, very slender, 
nearly erect, twice or thrice as long as the leaf, single- 
flowered. Calyx in five very deep, subulate, pale green 
segments. Corolla large in proportion to the size of the 
plant, rotate, bright yellow; the limb five-partite, the seg- 
ments oval, very patent. Stamens five, inserted opposite to 
the segments : Filaments yellow, quite smooth, remarkably 
slender, patent : Anthers small, oblong. Germen globose, 
small : Style slender, filiform. 

This extremely pretty Lysimachia was received at the 
Glasgow Botanic Garden from that of Copenhagen, under 

the 



the name here given,, whence it would appear to be a 
native of the Azores. It is cultivated in a pot, and treated 
as an alpine plant ; that is,, protected from the fickleness of 
our winters, and kept in a cool, shady situation in the 
summer; and in the month of June, a pot filled with this 
little plant is quite a beautiful object ; for the peduncles are 
so long as to elevate the bright and comparatively large 
yellow flowers above the tops of the stem and the delicate 
pale green foliage. Different as the plant appears at first 
sight from L. nemorwn, yet, except in the smaller size of 
the stem (which, too, is erect,) and foliage., and narrower 
leaves with the sides incurved, it will be difficult to point 
out any distinguishing characters. Indeed., I suspect it is 
the var. " /3. minor; caulibus erectiusculis" of Gmelin's Fl. 
BadensiSj 1. p. 455, as quoted by Roemer and Schultes. 



Fig. 1. Calyx including the Pistil. 2. Portion of the Corolla, with a 
Stamen : magnified. 



( 3274 ) 

Cargillia australis. Southern 
Cargillia. 

Class and Order. 

OCTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Ebenace^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Flores polygaini. Cat. semiquadrifidus. Corolla limbo 
quadrifido. Masc. Stam. basi corollae iuserta, (nunc hy- 
pogynae ?) ejusdem laciniis dupla. Filamenta duplicata. 
Rudimentum pistilli.— Hermaphr.— F,em. Stamina effeta, 
pauciora. Ovarium 4-loculare, loculis dispermis. Bacca 
globosa, calyce appresso cupulaeformi infra cincto. Br. 

Specific Character and Sj/noni/ms. 

Cargillia * australis ; foliis oblongis glabris apice obtusis 
basi acutis subtus pallidis, calycibus masculis 4-fidis 
tubo corollas aequalibus, stylo indiviso. Br. 

Cargillia australis. Br. Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl. p. 327. 
Spreng. Sj/st. Veget. v. 2. t. 204. 



Descr. A much branching shrub ; the branches alter- 
nate, rounded, glabrous. Leaves alternate, somewhat dis- 
tichous, coriaceous, shortly petiolated, oblong, obtuse at 
the extremity, acute at the base, glabrous on both sides, 
dark green above, pale and yellow green beneath, ob- 
scurely veined, the margin quite entire ; petiole very short, 
rounded. Flowers distinctly four-sided (both calyx and 
corolla), collected into dense clusters or heads on very 

short, 



* Named by Mr. Brown, in memory of James Cargill, a Physician of 
Aberdeen, and a contemporary of Caspar Bauhin, who described with 
considerable care some Scottish Algse, in the Theatrum Botanicum. 



short, axillary peduncles, and all inclined to the back of the 
branch. Calyx downy, four-cleft, the segments, acute, 
erect. Corolla more than twice as long as the calyx, some- 
what campanulate, 4-partite, the extremities above recurv- 
ed, of a yellowish- white colour, externally obscurely downy. 
— Male Plant : Stamens included. Filaments eight, in- 
serted in pairs at the base of the segments of the corolla, 
and opposite to them, each filament being double, one be- 
hind the other, and bearing an oblong much acuminated 
anther, opening by a short fissure to each cell, just below 
the acumen. Abortive pistil small, subglobose and acute, 
with eight furrows. 

" An inhabitant of dense, shaded woods on the sea-coast 
of New South Wales, as well as on the banks of the princi- 
pal rivers of that colony, between the parallels of 27° and 
and 35°, where it forms a large shrub, and is usually to be 
met with in fruit in the winter season. The Genus is inter- 
mediate between Diospyros of Linnaeus and Maba of Fors- 
ter ; differing from the former according to Mr. Brown, in 
having a four-celled ovarium, and a calyx but partially 
divided towards its base, which afterwards forms a cupula 
or cup around the lower half of the fruit ; and from the 
latter in the quaternary divisions of its calyx and corolla, 
the epipetalous insertion of the stamens in the male, and 
the presence of the rudiments of those organs in the female 
flowers." Allan Cunningham. 

Our drawing and description are made from specimens 
sent by favour of Mr. Aiton, from the Royal Gardens of 
Kew, to which living plants were introduced from Port 
Jackson, by Allan Cunningham, Esq. in 1825. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Corolla. 3. Portion of a Corolla, with two double 
Stamens. 1. Anther. 5. Abortive Pistil : magnified. 




• ' <-."."■, ,;',..,.,„..,.,/ /.,.,, fat tJM 



( 3275 ) 

TlLLANDSIA SETACEA. SeTACEOUS-LEAVED 
TlLLANDSIA, 

Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Old. — BromeliacejE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 3-partitus, inferus. Petala 3, convoluta, distincta, 
basi nuda. Stylus filiformis. Stigmata recta (Lindl.) vel 
convoluta. Fructus capsularis. Semina papposa. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Tillandsia* setacea; foliis e basi dilatata ventricosa an- 
guste subulatis curvatis rigidis extus farinoso-squamu- 
losis, scapo folioso, spica solitaria magna simplici, 
bracteis cyinbiformibus distiche imbricatis unifloris, 
stigmatibus convolutis. 

Tillandsia setacea. Sivarts, Fl. Ind. Occ. v. I. p. 593. 
Schultes, Syst. Veget. v. 7. p. 1207. 



Descr. A parasite on the trunks of trees. Stem scarcely 
any. Leaves numerous, imbricated, about a foot long, 
curved to one side, from a broad, sheathing, and very con- 
cave base gradually becoming subulate, grooved, rigid, of 
a dingy green, whitish on the outside owing to the numer- 
ous, minute scales, which present a mealy surface. At the 
flowering season, the stem elongates itself into a leafy scape, 
scarcely a foot in length, and the leaves become gradually 
shorter and broader, till at length, from being imbricated 

on 



* In honor of Elias Tillands, a Swedish Botanist, and Professor of 
Medicine in the University of Abo. 



on all sides, they become the large, cymbiform, imbricated, 
distichous, bluntly mucronated scales or bracteas of an 
oblong, solitary, simple spike: — these scales are coriace- 
ous, free from the little squamulae which abound so much 
upon the leaves; the margin of a beautiful red. From 
each of these scales arises a single flower in succession, one 
only being in perfection at a time, and continuing for a 
day, and of this the upper half only is protruded beyond 
the scale. Entire flowers two inches long. Calyx inferior, 
three-partite, pale yellow ; the segments carinated, imbri- 
cated : Petals three, twice the length of the calyx, distinct, 
convolute, white, purplish upward. Stamens six, arising 
from the receptacle, filiformi-subulate, white or purplish, as 
long as the corolla: Anthers oblong, brownish - green : 
Pollen yellow. Gerrnen superior, oblong, and triangular : 
Style filiform, white : Stigmas three, closely convolute, 
yellow. 

Among a valuable collection of Jamaica plants received 
by the Glasgow Botanic Garden from Mr. Smith, was the 
present truly fine species of Tillandsia, which blossomed in 
the stove in the month of May, 1833. The leaves are of a 
pale or whitish hue ; but the scales or bracteas of the spike 
are richly variegated with red and yellow, and each bears 
in succession, a single and delicate flower, which continues 
but for one day. 



Fig. 1. Bractea, and 2. Flower ; nat. size. 3. Pistil. 4. Stamen ; slightly 
magnified. 



32/ff 








( 3276 ) 

PlMELEA SYLVESTRIS. WOOD PlMELEA. 

Class and Order. 

DlANDRIA MoNOGYNIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Thymele^. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium infundibuliforme, limbo 4-fido, fauce e squa- 
mata. Stamina duo, fauci inserta laciniis exterioribus oppo- 
sita. Stylus lateralis. Stigma capitatum. Nux corticata, 
raro baccata. Br, 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

"imelea sylvestris; foliis oppositis utrinque glabris lanceo- 
latis acutis, floralibus 4 — 5 rameis subsimilibus capi- 
tulo terminali multifloro brevioribus, perianthiis gla- 
bris, tubo infundibuliformi. Br. 

Pimelea sylvestris. Br. Prodr. v. I. p. 361. Spreng. 
Syst. Veget. v. I. p. 92. 



This pretty species of the Genus, with its copious heads 
°\ delicate rose-coloured flowers, and prominent stamens 
with orange-coloured anthers, has been raised in the Glas- 
gow Botanic Garden from seeds sent by the late Mr. Fraser, 
a nd ad(] s another to the species not hitherto, we believe, 
cultivated in the gardens of Europe. 

A shrub, with rather copious, green, and rounded 
branches, quite glabrous. Leaves opposite and decus- 
sate, lanceolate or oblongo-lanceolate, acute, or, not un- 
""equently obtuse, single-nerved, glabrous, of a glaucous 
green colour ; those of the involucre smaller, and shorter 
than the capitulum. Heads of Flowers large, of a pale 
tos g colour. Perianth quite glabrous; tube infundibuli- 
torm, curved, very narrow at the base ; limb spreading, of 

four 

v ol. vii. m 



four ovate segments. Filaments much protruded : anthers 
orange. Germen glabrous, ovate, pale green, inferior, in- 
serted upon a small stellated tuft of hairs. Style much 



longer than the tube of the corolla 



Fig. 1. Flower: magnified. 




5*77 



( 3277 ) 

Hypericum hyssopifolium. Hyssop-leaved 
St. John's Wort. 

Class and Order. 

PoLYADELPHIA PoLYANDRIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Hypericine^;. ) 

Generic Character. 

Capsula membranacea. Styli 3 — 5 in quibusdam nu- 
mero variabiles. Stamina numerosa, basi polyadelpha, 
raro numero subdefinita. Pet. 5. Sepala 5, basi plus mi- 
nusve coalita et insequalia. — Herbas aut suffrutices. Folia 
opposita, scepe pellucido-punctata, aut margine nigro-punc- 
tata. Flores varie dispositi. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Hypericum hyssopifolium ; caule herbaceo tereti adscen- 
dente, foliis linearibus glabris subnervosis, pellucide 
punctatis glaucis glaberrimis in axillis fasciculatis, 
calycibus obtusis petalisque contortis ciliato-glandu- 
losis. 

Hypericum hyssopifolium. Fill. Delph. v. 3. p. 505. t. 44. 
Willd. Sp. PL v. 3. p. 1470. Bieb. Fl. Taur. Cauc. v. 
2. p. 231. De Cand. Prodr. v. I. p. 962. Spreng. 
Syst. Veget. v. 3. p. 349. 
Hypericum alpestre. Fischer in Herb, nostr. 



Of the extensive Genus Hypericum (uV^ixo* of Diosco- 
r ides) upwards of one hundred and twenty species are 
enumerated by De Candolle. Some are employed medi- 
cinally; but the greater number recommend themselves by 
the liveliness and number of thek blossoms — 

" Hypericum, all bloom, so thick a swarm 
Of flowers, like flies, clothing its slender rods, 
That scarce a leaf appears" — ' 



a quality in which our present species is by no means defi- 
cient. It is, however, at present but little known in our 
gardens. It is a native of the South of Prance and also of 
Tauria, from which latter country it has been introduced 
into the Edinburgh Botanic Garden through the liberality 
of Dr. Fischer. It flowers in the open border in June, and 
may be increased by parting its roots as well as by seeds. 

" Stems (a foot and a half high) many from the crown 
of the root, ascending, much branched, panicled above, 
glabrous, round, marked with two opposite, obscure ridges, 
alternating in the inner nodes. Leaves (nine lines long, 
three lines broad,) decussating, sessile, elliptico-linear, 
glaucous, glabrous, spreading wide, channelled in the mid- 
dle, and having a few faint, lateral veins, entire and slightly 
revolute in the edge, dotted with minute, pellucid points. 
Panicle large, terminal ; peduncles three-flowered, the lateral 
flowers opposite, and arising from the axils of diminished 
leaves. Calyx segments ovate, blunt, marked with pellucid 
streaks, fringed with black glands. Corolla (one inch 
across when expanded) much contorted ; petals spreading, 
clawed, obovate, unequal, nerved, pellucido-punctate, sub- 
serrate, ciliated with black glands ; claws longer than the 
calyx. Stamens erect ; filaments much shorter than the 
corolla, yellow, irregularly connate at the base ; anthers 
incumbent, greenish yellow. Stigmata small, of many mi- 
nute red points. Styles three, diverging, yellow. Germen 
ovate, three-lobed, reddish, striated, afterwards of deeper 
red, three-celled. Ovules oblong, very numerous, attached 
to the central receptacle. Graham. 



Fig. 1. Petal. 2. Calyx and young Fruit : magnified. 



( 3278 ) 

Syringa JosiKiEA. Deep-flowered 
German Lilac. 

Class and Order. 

DlANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — OleinEjE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 4-dentatus. Cor. infundibuliformis, 4-loba. Caps. 
2-locularis, 2-sperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Syringa* Josikcea; foliis elliptico-lanceolatis acutis ciliatis 

rugosis utrinque glabris supra lucidis subtus albidis. 

Graham. 
Syringa Josikaea. Jacq. in Bot. Zeit. 1831, p. 67. Reich- 

enb. PL Crit. t. 1049. Ejusd. FL Germ. Excurs. p. 

432. Graham, in Edin. Phil. Journ. June, 1833. 



A new species of Lilac, even though less beautiful than 
the two in common cultivation, yet being equally hardy, 
cannot fail to be a most acceptable ornament to our gardens 
and shrubberies. Our valued friend, Dr. Graham, to whom 
we are indebted for the specimen and the drawing here 
given, was not aware of its history and previous denomina- 
tion when he lately sent it to us under the name of S. Jac- 
quini. From the Botanische Zeitung for 1831, we learn, 
that at the meeting of Naturalists in Hamburg, in 1830, on 
the sitting of the 20th September, Baron Jacquin exhibited 
dried specimens of this plant from Siebenburgen, and since 

its 



* From vvpiyZ, hpipe, on account of the uses which the Turks make of its 
tubular branches. 



its discovery was due to " Fran Baronin von Josika, ge- 
bohren Grafin Czaki," he named it in compliment to that 
distinguished lady, and gave it a specific character. — In 
another part of the same work we find that not only is the 
present species a native of Germany, but that the common 
Lilac, S. vulgaris, which has hitherto been considered 
almost exclusively of Persian origin, is stated, by Dr. Heuf- 
fel to adorn with its copious blossoms the inaccessible 
chalky precipices of the Cverna Valley and Mount Doma- 
glett in Hungary, as well as the whole groupe of rocks 
along the Danube, at the military boundaries of Mol- 
dowa, Szaszka, Csiklova, and Krassova. 

Our T. Josiktea, which flowers in the open border in May 
and June, is thus described by Dr. Graham, who received 
the plant at the Botanic Garden of Edinburgh from Mr. 
Booth, of Hamburg, in 1833. 

Shrub erect ; branches spreading, very slightly warted, 
twigs purple. Leaves (three inches long, an inch and a 
quarter broad) elliptico - lanceolate, attenuated at both 
extremities, shining and lurid above, white* and veined 
below, wrinkled, glabrous on both sides, ciliated, ciliae 
short. Panicle terminal, erect. Calyx, like the pedicels, 
peduncles, rachis, petiole, middle rib of the leaf and the 
branches, pretty closely covered with short, glandular pu- 
bescence, four-toothed, teeth blunt, and much shorter than 
the tube. Corolla (half an inch long) clavato-funnel -shaped, 
deep lilac, glabrous, wrinkled ; tube slightly compressed ; 
limb erect, four-parted, segments involute at their edges. 
Stamens adhering to about the middle of the tube ; anthers 
incumbent, oblong, yellow. Pistil much shorter than the 
tube ; stigmata large, cohering ; style filiform, glabrous ; 
germen green, glabrous, bilocuTar ; ovules four. Graham. 



* Resembling, as is well observed by Reichenbach, the underside of 
the leaves of Populus balsamifera. H. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Stamen. 3. Calyx and Pistil. 4. Pistil. 



( 3279 ) 

Acacia graveolens. Strong-scented 
Acacia. 

******************* 

Class and Order. 

PoLVGAMIA MoN(ECIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — LeguminosjE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Flores polygami. Calyx 4— 5-dentatus. Petala 4—5, 
nunc libera, nunc in corollam 4 — 5-fidam coalita. Stam. 
numero varia, 10 — 200. Legumen continuum, exsuccum, 
bivalve. De Cand. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Acacia graveolens ; stipulis deciduis lanceolatis acutis utrin- 
que attenuatis binerviis undique punctis glandulosis 
minutis copiose conspersis, margine antico basi uni- 
glanduloso, capitulis geminis ternisve axillaribus, pe- 
dicellis cano-pubescentibus capitulum subasquantibus, 
ramulis angulatis virgatis. Allan Cunningham (1818). 

Acacia graveolens. Lodd. Bot. Cab. t. 1460 (1829). Don's 
Syst. o/Gard. v. &^>. 404. n. 44. 



Among the remarkable plants of New Holland, and those 
which form a striking feature in the vegetation of the coun- 
try, may be reckoned the Acacias, and especially that 
groupe or tribe whose petioles (the leaflets being abor- 
tive) become dilated, resembling coriaceous leaves, no 
doubt perform all the functions of true leaves. Of the 
leal nature of these petioles (to which the name of phyl- 
lodia has been given) there can be no question, since, in a 
young state, they bear leaflets, and even when perfect are 
not always destitute of them. But of the number of these 
Species, and the great beauty oi many, few can form an 

estimate, 



estimate, except those who have had the opportunity of 
seeing the collections recently brought to this country for 
the Herbarium, especially by Mr. Allan Cunningham, Mr. 
Fraser, and Dr. Sieber. To the first of these gentlemen 
we are indebted for our knowledge of the present species ; 
who found it on the margins of rivulets in the neighbour- 
hood of Hobart Town, Van Diem en's Land, where it was 
observed in flower and fruit in the month of February. 
From the seeds which were collected at that period, plants 
were raised in the King's Gardens at Kew; whence it ori- 
ginally emanated to other collections around London, and 
we also were favoured by W. T. Aiton, Esq. with a flow- 
ering specimen in the month of May, 1833. 

It forms a twiggy shrub in the greenhouse with angular, 
brown, and slightly viscid branches. Leaves, or rather 
leafstalks (phyllodia) alternate, two to four inches long, 
narrow- lanceolate, rigid, slightly glutinous, two -nerved, 
with a somewhat thickened margin, acute and tipped with 
a curved mucro, at the base having an imperfect gland. 
Flowers collected into dense heads, the size of a large pea, 
which are sessile, or very nearly so, and standing in pairs 
from the axils of the leaves. Calyx cup-shaped, five-cleft. 
Corolla monopetalous, five-cleft. Stamens very numerous. 

As a species, it may perhaps rank next to A. dodonea- 
folia, from which it differs in the more sharply -pointed, 
two-nerved foliage, and nearly sessile heads of flowers. 



Fig. 1. Portion of a Leaf. 2. Flower : magnified. 



( 3280 ) 

Fritillaria minor. Lesser Altaic 
Fritillary. 

Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 
( Nat. Ord. — LiliacejE. ) 
Generic Character. 

Corolla 6-petala, nectarifera, supera. Semina compressa, 
marginata. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Fritillaria minor ; caule inferne nudo subunifloro, foliis 
sparsis linearibus canaliculars, flore subtesselato, pe- 
talis exterioribus oblongis, interioribus latioribus obo- 
vatis. Ledeb. 

Fritillaria minor. Ledeb. Ic. PI. Fl. Ross. Alt. 2. 12. t. 
130.— Ibid. Fl. Altaica, 2. 34. Grah. in Edin. Phil. 
Journ. June, 1833. 

Fritillaria meleagroides. Patrin, in Schult. Syst. Veget. 
7. 395. 

Of the Genus Fritillaria, so called fromfritillus a dice- 
box, on account of the shape of the flower, though the 
chequered blossom rather recalls the idea of a dice- 
board, nineteen species are enumerated by Sprengel, all 
remarkable for their large and gracefully drooping flowers, 
which render them universal favourites with cultivators. 
Of these, the greater number, perhaps the only legitimate 
species, are natives of middle or southern Europe or north- 
ern Asia. The present new species was discovered by 
Prof. Ledebour, in pastures of the Altai Mountains, and 
having flowered at Carlowrie, near Edinburgh, early in 
May of the present year, we are indebted to Dr. Graham 
for the following description and remarks. 

Bulb 



Bulb roundish, white, about the size of a small hazel nut, 
with many slender roots from its base. Stem (in native 
specimens, from seven inches to a foot high, in the culti- 
vated specimen one foot ten inches) erect, simple, single- 
flowered in native plants, and almost always so in such, 
according to Ledebour; in the cultivated ones three-flow- 
ered, pruinoso-glaucous, brown and speckled towards its 
base, obscurely three-sided, naked for a considerable way 
above the base. Leaves scattered, smaller upwards (in 
native individuals four to five, the lower three inches long, 
in the cultivated seven, the lower six inches long,) lanceo- 
lato-linear, channelled along the upper surface, blunt, sub- 
erect, pruinoso-glaucous, half stem-clasping. Flowers gene- 
rally solitary in the wild plant, one to three in the cultivated, 
springing from a common point at the top of the stem be- 
tween two subopposite leaves, and provided with peduncles 
(above two inches long), nodding, dark blood-red, obscure- 
ly tessellated, pale, more yellow and more distinctly varie- 
gated within, nectaries linear ; outer petals oblong, slightly 
spreading at the apices, inner broader, obovate, connivent 
at the apex. Stamens subequal, about half the length of 
the corolla ; filaments subulate, slightly dilated at the base, 
and very sparingly glanduloso-pubescent ; anthers oblong, 
yellow ; pollen granules small, oblong, yellow. Pistil rather 
longer than the stamens; stigma tripartite, erecto-patent, 
green ; style triangular, cleft to about its middle, the stig- 
matie surface extending along the inside of the segments ; 
ger?nen of uniform diameter from end to end, distinctly 
grooved along the angles, and more obscurely along the 
sides ; ovules very numerous, two-rowed in each cell. 

This plant was obtained by David Falconar, Esq. from Mr. Goldie, 
who brought it from Russia. It varies a little from the wild state. I 
have native specimens both from Dr. Fischer of St. Petersburg and 
from Professor Ledebour. The former are smaller, but the inflores- 
cence is larger, and the leaves, which are longer and narrower, are 
collected nearer to the flower. Even in a wild state, it appears from 
Ledebour, that occasionally, though rarely, there are more flowers than 
one on the stem, and the two lowest leaves are sometimes subopposite. 
I cannot but think that this plant scarcely differs more from F. Melea- 
gris than some of the acknowledged varieties of this species. The great 
length of the pendulous part of the stem or peduncle, which Ledebour 
considers characteristic, and which is figured in his beautiful illustrations 
of the Flora Altaica, is not possessed by my native specimens, nor by 
Mr. Falconar' s plant, and the flower in the figure is much less lurid, 
and longer in proportion to its breadth, than any of these. Graham. 



Fig. 1. Petal. 2. Pistil : magnified. 




W81 



( 3281 ) 

PlMELEA LONGIFLORA. LoNG-FLOWERED 
PlMELEA. 

Class and Order. 

DlANDRIA MoNOGYNIA. 

Nat. Ord. — Thymelejj. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium infundibuliforme, limbo 4-fido, fauce e squa- 
mata. Stamina duo, fauci inserta laciniis exterioribus op- 
posita, Stylus lateralis. Stigma capitatum. Nux corti- 
cata, raro baccata. Br. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Pimelea longijlora; fob is linearibus villosiusculis passim 
alternis, noralibus rameis sirnilibus, capitulis termina- 
libus, limbo dimidium tubi asquante, stylo incluso. Br. 

Pimelea longiflora. Br. Prodr. v. I. p. 361. Spreng. 
Syst. Veget. v. I. p. 92. 



The vegetable inhabitants of New South Wales being- in 
general readily cultivated in peat earth, and easily increased 
by cuttings, have been in great request for the greenhouse 
and conservatory, and among them are the different species 
of Pimelea, of which thirty-four species are enumerated by 
Mr. Brown, though thirteen only have hitherto been known 
amongst British cultivators. The present was introduced 
to our gardens by Mr. Praser, from the Southern shores of 
New Holland, and is rendered beautiful by the compara- 
tively large and globose heads of pure white blossoms ter- 
minating the slender and wavy branches. Its flowering 
season in the Glasgow Botanic Garden is June. 

The stem is four feet or more high, slender, but erect, 
divided upwards with opposite branches of a reddish-brown 

colour, 



colour, wavy and almost filiform, hairy, especially upwards. 
Leaves opposite, or sometimes alternate, linear, approach- 
ing to lanceolate, hairy, with three nerves, prominent and 
paler beneath. Flowers collected into globose heads and 
destitute of any distinct involucre, the few leaves which 
are situated at the base of the flowers being similar to 
those of the branches. Perianth pure white, hairy exter- 
nally. Tube long and slender : limb of five spreading, 
ovato-lanceolate segments. Anthers yellow, scarcely pro- 
truded : Pollen orange. Germen inferior, pale green, in- 
serted upon a tuft of hairs. Style quite included. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Leaf: — magnified. 



( 3282 ) 

FlCUS ACUMINATA. SHARP-POINTED FlG. 

Class and Order. 

PoLYGAMIA DlffiCIA. 

( Nat. Ord.— Urtice^. ) 

Generic Character. 

Receptaculum carnosum, clausum, apice pervium, andro- 
gynum. Flosculi pedicellati : Masc 3-partiti. Stam. 3 — 
Fmm. 4— 8-partiti. Stylus lateralis bifidus. Semina in 
pulpa receptaculi nidulantia. Spreng. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Ficus* acuminata; ramis petiolisque ferrugineo-tomentosis, 
foliis lato-ellipticis obovatisque longe tenuiter acumi- 
natis supra glabris subtus pubescentibus nervis promi- 
nentibus, receptaculis solitariis globosis pendulis fari- 
nosis longe pedunculatis. 

Ficus acuminata. Ham. Herb. — Wall, in Cat. of PL of 
E. I. C. n. 4478. 



The Genus of the Figs is one of the most extensive among 
plants, chiefly inhabiting the tropics, many of the species 
constituting trees of gigantic height, no less remarkable 
in their fructification than in the sheathing stipules and 
milky juice, and bearing a great affinity with the Bread- 
Fruit ( Artocarpus). Ficus elastica, and other species pro- 
bably, yields Caoutchouc : a few afford esculent fruits, 
chiefly the common cultivated Fig, Ficus Carica and the 
Sycamore of the Scriptures, F. Sycamorus, whilst the F. 
religiosa, Banyan Tree, or Sacred Fig of the Hindoos, is 
one of the many astonishing features of Indian vegetation : — 

« its 



* This Theis traces to the Celtic Figuezen, a Fig. 



•" its wondrous branch 



Bent down to earth, new stems can launch, 
Which upward spring to bend again 
And form a forest o'er the plain." 

No where, perhaps, do the species of Ficus so much 
abound as in the tropical parts of Asia, and Dr. Wallich 
alone enumerates in his Catalogue no less than one hundred 
and five species. Among them is the present one, but 
which nevertheless does not appear to be any where describ- 
ed. It exists among a set of drawings (of which I possess 
copies) of Indian Figs, made under the direction of the 
late Dr. (Buchanan) Hamilton, and with the name here 
adopted, though I confess that the appellation under which 
it has been long cultivated in the Glasgow Botanic Garden 
(F. cerasiformis) is more appropriate. It is a handsome 
species, remarkable for its solitary, pedunculated, pendent, 
and tempting-looking fruit. It was, we believe, introduced 
by Dr. Wallich from Silhet, and the specimen here figured 
was drawn in 1833. 

Stem, in our plant, five or six feet bigb, the branches 
as well as petioles every where clothed with a dense, rusty- 
coloured tomentum. Leaves four or five inches to a span 
long, somewhat coriaceous, elliptical, petiolated, veiny, 
glabrous above and full green, beneath downy, with the 
veins prominent. Receptacles solitary, axillary, globose, 
pendent, larger than a bullace-plum, of a deep and bright 
orange colour, somewhat mealy and tuberculated on the 
surface, and terminating a stalk longer than itself. Flowers, 
in the receptacles that were examined, apparently all female. 
Perianth three-cleft or three-partite, with the segments 
lanceolate and acuminated. Germen pedicellate, oval, ob- 
lique, with a lateral style. 



Fig. l. Receptacle ; nat size. 2. Female Flower. 3. The same laid 
open ; magnified- 



5283. 




fh/> §y /./, , 



■ 



C 3283 ) 

LUPINUS INCANUS. HoARY LUPINE. 

Class and Order. 

DlADELPHIA DECANDRIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — LeguminosjE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx profunde bilabiatus. Corolla papilionacea, vexillo 
lateribus reflexis, carina acuminata. Stamina inonadelpha, 
vagina integra ; antheris 5 parvis subrotundioribus praeco- 
cioribus, 5 oblongis serioribus. Stylus filiformis. Stigma 
terminale subrotundum barbatum. Legumen coriaceum 
oblongum compressum oblique torulosum. Cotyledones 
crassae per germin. in folia conversae. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Lupinus incanus ; caule suffruticoso ramoso, foliis digitatis 
foliolis lineari-lanceolatis utrinque sericeis integerrimis 
subcarinatis petiolo duplo brevioribus, racemo elon- 
gato, pedicellis asqualiter sparsis patulis, calycibus basi 
nudis, labio superiore bi- inferiore tridentato, vexillo 
alis breviore emarginato, leguminibus immaturis erec- 
tis sericeo-lanatis apicibus approximatis. Graham. 

Lupinus incanus. Graham, in Edin. Phil. Journ. 1833. 



The beautiful Genus of Lupine, of which the greater 
number of species, hitherto enumerated in our universal 
Floras, are natives either of the South of Europe or of the 
Andes of Peru, has been greatly increased by the disco- 
veries of Mr. Douglas on the north-west coast of America, 
where that indefatigable Naturalist has detected no less than 
seventeen species in his first visit to the shores of the Co- 
lumbia, and several have rewarded him on his second visit, 
as well as in California. Thus the Genus may be consid- 
ered to have its maximum on the western side of the Cor- 
dillera 

vol. vii. n 



dillera of North America. The present very handsome 
species is a native of South America, and " was raised by 
Mr. Neill, from seed sent by Mr. Tweedie of Buenos 
Ayres, and flowered freely in the greenhouse at Canonmills 
in June, 1833. It approaches very near to Lupinus multi- 
florus of Encyclop. Methodique, vol. iii. p. 624, and had it 
not been for the very conspicuous pedicels in Mr. Neill's 
plant, I should scarcely have separated them." 

Descr. " Whole plant silky, excepting only the corolla, 
stamens, and style. Stem suffruticose, erect, branched. 
Leaves (about six inches across) digitate, leafets about nine, 
linear-lanceolate, silky on both sides, carinate below, entire, 
very acute. Petiole nearly twice the length of the leafets, 
compressed vertically. Stipules (an inch and a quarter 
long,) adhering for about half their length, subulate. Ra- 
ceme (a foot and a half long) terminal, elongated. Pedicels 
scattered equally over the rachis to within a little way of its 
base, which is naked, spreading when in flower, when in 
fruit erect, springing from the axil of a subulate, caducous 
bractea. Calyx bilabiate, the upper lip two-, the lowest 
three-toothed, bibracteate towards the base, bractea small, 
subulate, adpressed, inconspicuous. Corolla pale lilac; 
vexillum reflected upwards and at the sides, subrotund, 
emarginate, cordate at the base, orange, and slightly spot- 
ted in the middle, keeled behind ; claw short and rigid; ala 
rather longer than the vexillum, straight in the upper edge, 
curved in the lower, and there cohering towards the apex, 
slightly turned up at the point, claws short ; keel half the 
length of the alse, more rigid and shining than the other 
parts of the flower, and of deeper purple colour at its point, 
which is raised above the upper edge of the alas, dipetaious, 
petals cohering only near their apices. Statnens monadel- 
phous, included, the five with rounded anthers only a little 
longer than the others ; anthers orange-coloured ; pollen- 
granules very small and nearly spherical. Pistil longer 
than the stamens ; stigma very small, capitate ; style subu- 
late, glabrous, shining ; germen silky ; ovules several. Un^ 
ripe Legumes erect, silky-woolly, subcylindrical, tapering 
and connivent at their apices." Graham. 



%; \ Cal y x - including the Carinn. 2. Flower. 3. Stamens including 
tneliatil. 4. Youna: Leerume: miuinili,,! 



mng Legume: magnified. 



rta 



5284. 




,'^U 




( 3284 ) 

Anthyllis Webbiana. Rose-coloured 
Kidney- Vetch, or Lady's Finger. 

Class and Order. 

DlADELPHIA DECANDRIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — LeguminosjE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cal. tubulosus 5-dentatus post anthesin persistens, plus 
minus vesicarius inflatus. Cor. alae carina et vexillo suba> 
quales. Stam. omnia connexa. Legumen ovatum 1 — 2- 
spermum, rarius oblongo-Iineare polyspermum semper ca- 
lyce induviato tectum. — Herbse aut Prutices. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Anthyllis Webbiana ; herbacea erecta incano-sericea, foliis 
pinnatis, foliolis 7 — 1 1 ovalibus acutis terminali majore, 
capitulis subcompositis bracteatis, bracteis cuneato- 
rotundatis vix ad medium multifidis, calycibus sub an- 
thesin cylindraceis. 

Anthyllis Webbiana. Hort. Birm. 



The Latin generic name of this plant is derived from 
avOo?, a flower, and iwXos, a beard, or down, in consequence 
of the hairy or downy calyces, a character in which the pre- 
sent plant is by no means deficient : whilst the most popular 
of its English names has been given from a fancied resem- 
blance in the bracteas to the fingers of the human hand : 
hence Lady's Finger (not " Ladies Finger," as commonly 
written) the Fingers of our Lady, the Virgin Mary, to whose 
honour many plants were dedicated by the piety of our 
forefathers. The species now given was communicated by 
Mr. Cameron in May last, from the Botanic Garden of 
Birmingham, under the name here retained : it being con- 
sidered new, and having been introduced from Tcncriiib by 

Philip 



Philip Barker Webb, Esq. It is indeed an extremely deli- 
cate and pretty plant *, and has at first sight the appearance 
of a distinct species, though on a closer examination, it will 
be difficult to discover characters by which it may be satis- 
factorily separated from our British A. vulneraria. The 
side leaflets of the leaves are perhaps more uniform, the 
bracteas are less deeply cut, the calyx is more cylindrical 
and longer, and the whole herb is clothed with soft, white, 
silky hairs, on which, together with the rose-coloured blos- 
soms, it depends for its beauty. It is hardy, and should be 
cultivated on a dry soil. 

Descr. Root perennial. Stems one or more from the 
same root, erect, or decumbent only at the base, six to eight 
or ten inches high, branched, silky. Leaves mostly from 
near the root, pinnated with from seven to eleven, oval, 
acute leaflets, of which the terminal one is the largest ; all 
of them white with appressed, silky hairs. Flowers in ter- 
minal and more or less compound heads. Bracteas round- 
ish, cuneate, multifid, silky. Calyx densely silky, cylin- 
drical while in flower, with five unequal teeth. Corolla of a 
delicate rose colour. Petals, especially the carina, on very 
long, white claws. Germen stipitate, three-seeded : Style 
long, filiform : Stigma capitate. 



* It is probably this species which is mentioned in the List of Plants by 
Bory de St. Vincent, in his " Essai sur les Isles Fortunees, where, how- 
ever, it only stands as " Anthyllis," without any name or remark. 



Fig. 1.1. Flower. 2. Carina. 3. Pistil : magnified. 



( 3285 ) 

GrEVJLLEA ARENARIA. $AND GREVILLEA. 

Class and Order. 
Tetrandria Monogvma. 

( Nat. Ord.— Proteace^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium irregulare ; foliolis laciniisve secundis ; api- 
cibus cavis staminiferis. Anthers immersa?. Glandula 
hypogyna uuica diinidiata. Ovarium dispermum. Stigma 
obliquum, depressum, (raro subverticale, conicurn). Folli- 
culus unilocularis, dispermus, loculo centrali. Semina 
marginata, v. apice brevissitne alata. Br. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Grevillea (Ptychocarpa) arenaria; foliis elongato-oblon- 
gis obtusis mucronulatis subter cinereo-subsericeis 
pilorum cruribus adpressis, venis primariis manifestis, 
racemis recurvis paucifloris, periauthii laminis pariter 
acutis, pistillis tomentosis. Allan Cunningham ex Br. 
Suppl, p. 18, in Obs. ad calcem pagina. 

Grevillea arenaria. Brown, Prodr. v. 1. p. SIS. Roem. 
et Schult. v. 3. p. 412. Spreng. St/st. Veget. v. I. p. 
47(5. 

Lissanthe cana. " Knight and Salisb. Prot. 117." 



Communicated from the Royal Gardens of Kew, through 
the favour of Mr. Aiton, by Mr. Allan Cunningham, who 
observes, that " it is an old inhabitant of the English gar- 
dens, flowering freely in the spring months, only requiring 
the shelter of a well-lighted greenhouse, and the care afford- 
ed to others of the same section of this extensive, diversi- 
fied, and beautiful Genus of Proteace^. It is found in the 
alluvial, sandy banks of the Hawksbury River, in the colony 

ot 



of New South Wales, where, however, I never could meet 
with it, and whence I infer that it has a very limited range in 
its native country. Mr. Brown considers it to be very 
closely allied to his G. canescens, figured in Bot. Mag. t. 
3185/' 

So closely indeed is this allied to G. canescens, that, in 
most particulars, the description of one will suffice for that 
of the other. The perianth, however, is differently formed, 
and of a different colour j for whereas in A. canescens it is 
of a greenish hue, almost of the same tint as the leaves, and 
the segments much acuminated ; here the colour is a dull or 
lurid purple, and the segments are simply acute, or almost 
obtuse, by no means acuminated. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Pistil : magnified. 



( 3286 ) 

Andromeda salicifolia. Willow-leaved 

Andromeda. 

****»«»»««»« $* 

Class and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Erice^i. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-partitus. Cor. ovata, ore quinquefido. Capsula 
supera, 5-locularis, dissepimentis e medio val varum. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Andromeda salicifolia; racemis secundis glabris, foliis lan- 

ceolatis subtrinervibus coriaceis basi apiceque attenu- 

atis glabris subtus albidis. 
Andromeda salicifolia. Commers. MSS. Lam. Encycl. v. 

1. p. 159. Smith, Ic. ined. t. 58. Hook. Ex. Fl. t. 

192. Spreng. Syst. Veg. v. 2. p. 290. 



The northern or mountainous parts both of the old and 
new world are the stations given for the greater number of 
species of Andromeda : but the present is an inhabitant of 
the tropics,, and not in very elevated situations. It was first 
detected in the Mauritius by Commerson, and we are inform- 
ed by our inestimable friend Mr. Telfair, that it is plen- 
tiful in the woods of Belombre. Messrs. Helsinborg and 
Bojer gathered it in hilly places on the banks of rivers in the 
province of Emirena, Madagascar. Hitherto we possess only 
figures made from native specimens : but, by the late Mr. 
Telfair* it has been introduced to the garden of the late 

Robert 



* It is with the most sincere regret that we learn from Professor Bojer, 
of the Royal College of Mauritius, and while this sheet is in the press, that 
Mr. Telfair is no more. Ever since the death of his accomplished lady, 

which 



Robert Barclay, and thence to the Birmingham Botanic 
Garden, from which we received flowering specimens in 
May, 1833. The colour of the flowers is of a greenish hue, 
partaking little of the fine purple so remarkable in drawings 
from living, native specimens. It is hardly necessary to say 
that it needs the protection of a warm greenhouse, and 
should be cultivated in soil containing a considerable pro- 
portion of peat. 

Descr. A low shrubby plant, glabrous throughout. 
Leaves alternate, coriaceous, lanceolate, acuminate, entire, 
tapering at the base into a short petiole, costate and marked 
with a depressed line on each side the midrib, dark green 
above, pale and almost white beneath. Racemes terminal, 
and lateral. Calyx five-toothed. Corolla pale green, in- 
clining to purple, oblongo - ovate, live - toothed, with a 
slightly contracted mouth. Stamens with subulate filaments : 
Anthers oblong, two-celled, each cell opening with a pore 
at the extremity. Germen five-lobed. Style shorter than 
the corolla. 



which took place the preceding year, our valued friend, as he himself in- 
formed us, seemed to have lost every earthly tie ; and, after a violent, but 
short illness of only five days, he breathed his last, on the 14th of July. In 
him science has to deplore one of her most ardent votaries, and society one 
of the best of men. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Stamen : — magnified. 



J2S'i 




( 3287 ) 

NUTTALLIA PAPAVER. PAPAVER-LIKE 
NUTTALLIA. 

******************* 

Class and Order. 

MoNADELPHIA PoLYANDRIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Malvaceje. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cat. simplex (nunc duplex, ext. triphyllo), quinquefidns. 
Capsular plurimae monospermy in annulo congestae. (Nutt. 
sub Callirhoen.) 

Specific Name and Character. 

Nuttallia Papaver; foliis radicalibus lobatis palmatisve, 
caulinis inferioribus palmatis, superioribus simplicibus 
digitatisve, calycibus pilosis involucratis, involucro 
triphyllo, foliolis lanceolatis pilosis. Graham. 

In the Exotic Flora, at tab. 171 and 172, 1 had the plea- 
sure of figuring two distinct species of the present Genus, 
detected by Mr. Nuttall on the Arkansa River. Their dis- 
coverer has justly remarked, that this Genus, of which the 
species are hardy, ornamental, and perennial, " appears to 
afford an additional link of connection between the Genera 
Sid a and Malva." Had he been acquainted with the pre- 
sent individual, he would have found his idea still further 
strengthened, for here, with a habit altogether that of the 
other Nuttallia, there is the involucre of a Malva. The 
presence of this involucre does indeed appear to me to 
distinguish the species at once both from N. pedata and 
N. digitata: and this is constant in the wild specimens 
sent from Covington, Louisiana, by Mr. Drummond, in the 
spring of 1833, as well as in all the cultivated ones raised 
from seeds transmitted by the same indefatigable Naturalist, 
and from the same place. These seeds have been distributed 
among different gardens, and have probably produced flow- 
ering plants in several collections. Scarcely was our draw- 
ing finished, from the Glasgow Botanic Garden specimens, 
when I had the satisfaction to receive a beautiful figure 

(made 



(made by Dr. Greville), and a description from Dr. Gra- 
ham*, done from plants of the Edinburgh Botanic Garden, 
both of which are here given in preference to my own. It 
appears to be quite hardy, and is highly ornamental. 

Descr. Stems numerous, from the crown of the root, as- 
cending, slightly hairy, hairs adpressed. Root-leaves on 
very long petioles, lobed or pedate, thinly sprinkled on 
both sides and on the edges with harsh hairs. Lower stem- 
leaves palmato-pedate, upper digitate or simple, nerved, all 
slightly hairy ; lobes of the radical and lower stem-leaves 
more or less inciso-pinnatifid. Stipules ovate, acute, ciliated. 
Peduncles very long, axillary, single-flowered. Involucrum 
three-leaved, closely surrounding the calyx, leafets lanceo- 
late, hairy. Calyx five-cleft, segments ovate, acute, three- 
ribbed, hairy ; hairs spreading, acute, rising singly from 
tubercles placed on the ribs or edges of the segments. Co- 
rolla of five petals, campanulate, large, red-purple ; petals 
obovate, truncated, and unequally crenato-dentate at their 
extremity, cuneate at the base, and there woolly on the 
edges. Stamens very numerous; filaments united into a 
somewhat hairy, conical tube for about two-thirds of their 
length; anthers kidney -shaped, reddish -yellow, single- 
celled, opening along the vertex. Pistil at first shorter 
than the stamens ; stigmata linear, reddish, hairy, decurrent 
along the inside of the numerous, deeply divided, at length 
protruded segments of the style ; germen depressed, gla- 
brous ; cells arranged in a circle, yellowish, each emarginate 
on the outside, and within extended into a dark green, 
blunt apex. Ovules solitary in each cell, reniform, attached 
by the sinuosity and pendulous. 

I have hesitated about describing this plant as a distinct species, fearful 
that in the Genus there may be a strong disposition to vary. So many 
plants, however, have flowered in different gardens around Edinburgh, 
some from imported roots, others from seed — as in Mr. Cunningham's 
Nursery, Comely Bank, at Mr. Neill's, and with Mr. Falconar of Car- 
lowrie — and all with precisely the same characters, that I believe it will 
be thought at least as distinct from either of the two species already in 
cultivation as they are from each other. The presence of the invo- 
lucrum brings the Genus too near Malva. Graham. 

* It is very much through the instrumentality of Dr. Graham, that Mr. 
Drummond has been enabled to accomplish his long and successful jour- 
nies in the southern States of North America, where, amidst many dangers, 
and notwithstanding the severest attacks of fever and cholera, he has amassed 
a collection of upwards of one thousand species of plants. The Nuttalli A 
Papaver, and the little known Sarracenia psittacina are among the most 
interesting that have been sent home in a living state. From Texas and 
New Mexico it is expected his collections will be still more valuable. 

Fig. 1. Flower-Bud. 2. Portion of the Style with a Stigma. 3. Hair 
from the Calyx. 



>2$%. 







( 3288 ) 

PlMELEA GRACILIFLORA. SlLENDER-FLOW- 
ERED PlMELEA. 

Class and Order. 

DlANDRIA MoNOGYNIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Thymele^;. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium infundibuliforme, limbo 4-fido, fauce esqua- 
mata. Stam. 2, fauci inserta, laciniis exterioribus opposita. 
Stylus lateralis. Stigma capitatum. Nux corticata, raro 
baccata. Br. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Pimelea graciliflora; glabra, foliis oppositis patentibus lan- 
ceolatis acutis supra punctatis floralibus snbsimilibus 
6 — 7 involucratis capitulo multifloro brevioribus, peri- 
anthiis glaberrimis, tubo gracili filiformi-clavato. 



Of this extensive Genus the species are very difficult to be 
distinguished, and at first sight,, the present plant might be 
easily taken for the P. sylvestris, lately given at t. 3276 of 
this Magazine, and it flowers at the same season ; but on a 
more accurate examination, it will be found that the leaves, 
which are narrower, are marked with impressed dots on 
the upper surface, and the flowers are pure white, with a 
much slenderer and more filiform tube. It is extremely 
pretty, flowering freely in the greenhouse in common peat 
soil, and retaining its snowy blossoms for a considerable 
length of time. It was raised from seeds sent by Mr. Bax- 
ter from King George's Sound. 

Descr. Stem, in our plants, two feet and two feet and a 
half high, erect, slender, branched, chiefly upwards. Leaves 
opposite and decussate, rather remote, patent or horizontal, 

lanceolate, 



lanceolate, acute at both ends, dotted above : those of the 
involucre scarcely different from the rest, shorter than the 
flowers. These latter are in a rather lax head, and of 
snowy whiteness. Perianth with a long, pure white, slen- 
der tube, quite glabrous, slightly dilated upwards : the 
segments ovate, rather obtuse, spreading. Filaments much 
exserted. Anthers oblong, orange. Style exserted, very 
slender, with a capitate stigma. Germen ovate, green, 
surrounded by a tuft of hairs arising from the receptacle. 



Fig. 1. Leaf. 2. Flower : magnified. 



( 3289 ) 

Marsdenia flavescens. Yellowish-flow 
ered Marsdenia. 

********************* 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Digynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Asclepiadejs. ) 

Generic Character. 

Corolla urceolata, 5-fida, nunc subrotata. Corona sta- 
minea 5-phylIa, foliolis compressis, indivisis, intus simpli- 
cibus. Antherce membrana terminatae. Massce Pollinis 
erectae, basi affixae. Folliculi laeves. Semina comosa. — 
Suffrutices, scBpius volubiles. Folia opposita, latiuscula, 
plana. Cymae nunc Thyrsi interpetiolares. Stigma septus 
muticum, quandoque rostralum, rostro indiviso vel bifido. 
Br. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Marsdenia flavescens ; caule volubili, foliis oblongo-lance- 
olatis acuminatis subundulatis supra laevibus subtus 
ramulisque incano-tornentosis, pedunculis petiolo du- 
plo longioribus, cymis confertifloris, corollis subrotatis, 
fauce nuda. Allan Cunningham. 

Marsdenia flavescens. Allan Cunningham MSS. 



The Genus Marsdenia was so named by Mr. Brown, in 
compliment to William Marsden, Esq. an encourager of 
Botany, and the able author of a History of Sumatra, a 
work of great interest and research. For the discovery of 
the species we are indebted to Mr. Allan Cunningham, who 
tbund it in New Holland, on the sea-shore at the Hlawana 
district, in lat. 34|°, whence living plants won; imported to 
His Majesty's Gardens at Kew, where they flower through- 
put the summer months, and whence our specimens were sent 

in 



in June, 1833, by Mr. Aiton. Mr. Cunningham observes, 
that it comes near M. viridiflora, a plant discovered by Mr. 
Brown in New South Wales, within the tropics. 

Descr. Stem climbing, shrubby, rounded, the branches 
downy. Leaves opposite, petiolate, oblon go -lanceolate, 
acute, subcoriaceous, waved, dark green and glabrous 
above, paler and downy beneath. Peduncles axillary, 
about twice as long as the petioles, bearing rather small 
cymes of yellowish flowers, with two small, opposite, brac- 
teas at the base. Calyx five-cleft, downy. Corolla rotate, 
glabrous, of five deep, patent, ovate, acute, spreading seg- 
ments. Staminal crown of five, fleshy teeth, united with the 
back of the anthers, which latter are diaphanous at the 
extremity. Stigma flat. 



Fig. 1. 1. Flowers. 2. Corona, Anthers, and Stigma. 3. Pollen-masses: 
magnified. 



INDEX, 

In which the Latin Names of the Plants contained in the Seven,: 
Volume of the New Series (or Sixtieth of the Work) ai 
alphabetically arranged. 



PL 
3244 

3279 
3266 
3286 
3284 
3246 
3263 
3268 
3239 

3272 
3213 
3225 
3240 
3217 
3229 
3255 
3214 

3274 
3262 
3265 
3267 
3215 
3221 
3242 
3230 
3208 
3241 
3264 
3236 
3243 
3257 
8253 
3209 
3233 
3234 
3227 
3260 
3323 
3282 
3280 
3231 



Acacia decipiens, var. pre- 

morsa. 
— ; — graveolens. 

verniciflua. 

Andromeda salicifolia. 
Anthyllis Webbiana. 
Arabis rosea. 
Astragalus procumbens. 

■ vesicarius. 

Azalea ledifolia, var. &, pha;- 

nicea. 
Beaufortia Dampieri. 
Beaumontia grandiflora. 
Begonia reniformis. 
Blechnum Lanceola. 
Bletia acutipetala. 
Brassavola nodosa. 
Calceolaria crenatiflora. 
integrifolia, var. y, 

viscosissima. 
Cargillia australis. 
Catasetum trifidum. 
Cattleya Forbesii. 
Ceropegia Wightii. 
Cineraria Tussilaginis. 
Coburgia fulva. 
CorydaJis bracteata. 

longiflora. 

Cryptophragmium venustum. 
Cynara Cardunculus, var. 
Dracophyllum secundum. 
Dryandra armata. 
Epacris ceraflora. 

heteronema. 

■ nivalis. 

Epidendrum Harrisonise. 

pygma9um. 

Erythrina poianthes. 

velutina. 

Eucalyptus amygdalina. 
Eugenia trinervia. 
Ficus acuminata. 
Fritillaria minor. 
Gelonium fasciculatum. 



PI. 

3206 Gloxinia speciosa, var. albiflor; 
3220 Gongora atro-purpurea. 
3285 Grevillea arenaria. 

3237 Heteropteris chrysophylla. 
3232 Hydrastis Canadensis. 
3277 Hypericum hyssopifolium. 
3226 Ledebouria hyacinthina. 
3245 Leontice Altaica. 
3251 Leucopogon Richei. 
8248 Limnocharis Humboldtii. 
3218 Loasa Placei, var. &. 

3207 Lobelia mucronata. 
8283 Lupinus incanus. 

3269 Lychnis Pyrenaica. 
3273 Lysimachia Azorica. 
3289 Marsdenia flavescens. 
3210 Melaleuca Fraseri. 
3222 Myrsine capitellata. 

3287 Nuttallia Papaver. 
3249 Oxylobium ellipticum. 

3270 Pimelea arenaria. 

3288 . graciliflora. 

3281 longiflora. 

3276 - 



-- sylvestris. 
3271 Plagianthus divaricatus. 
3259 PlatyTobium Murrayanum. 

3258 obtusangulum. 

3261 Pleurothallis prolifera. 
3238 Pogostemon plectranthoides. 
3219 Pomaderris andromedaefolia. 

3212 betulina. 

3216 Priestleya villosa. 
3252 Primula amoena. 
3228 Psychotria daphnoides. 
3247 Pteris pedata. 
3254 Pultensea subumbellata. 
3256 Salpiglossis linearis. 
3235 Santalum album. 
3211 Scilla villosa. 
3224 Symplocarpus fetidus. 
3278 Syringa Josiksea. 
3275 Tillandsia setacea. 
3250 Trillium erectum, Mr. viridi 
"florum. 



INDEX, 

In which the English Names of the Plants contained in the 
Seventh Volume of the New Series (or Sixtieth of the Work) 
are alphabetically arranged. 



PL 

3244 Acacia, paradoxical, var. 

3279 strong-scented. 

3266 varnished. 

3286 Andromeda, willow-leaved. 

3239 Azalea, purple-flowered, fra- 

grant, Indian. 
3272 Beaufortia, Dampier's. 

3213 Beaumontia, large -flowered. 
3225 Begonia, kidney-leaved. 

3240 Blechnum, lance-shaped. 
3217 Bletia, sharp-petaled. 
3247 Brake, pedate-leaved. 
3229 Brassavola, fragrant. 

3214 Calceolaria, entire-leaved, 

very viscid, var. 

3241 Cardoon, common. 
3274 Cargillia, southern. 
3269 Catchfly, Pyrenean. 
3265 Cattleya, Mr Forbes'. 
3262 Catasetum, trifid-lipped. 
3267 Ceropegia, Dr. Wight's. 

3215 Cineraria, Colt's-foot. 
3221 Coburgia, tawny. 

3234 Coral-tree, or Erythrina, naked- 
flowering. 

3242 Corydalis, bracteated. 

3230 ■ long-flowered. 

3208 Cryptophragmium, stately. 
3264 Dracophyllum, secund-flow- 

ered. 
3236 Dryandra, sharp-pointed. 
3253 Epacris, snowy. 

3257 varying-stemmed. 

3243 — — — wax-flowered. 
3233 Epidendrum, dwarf. 

3209 . Mrs. Harrison's. 

3227 Erythrina, or Coral-tree, vel- 
vety. 

3260 Eucalyptus, almond-leaved. 
3223 Eugenia, three-nerved. 
3282 Fig, sharp-pointed. 

3258 Flat-pea, or Platylobium, ob- 

tuse-leaved. 
3280 Fritillary, lesser, Altaic. 

3231 Gelonium, clustered-flowered. 
3206 Gloxinia, showy, white-flower- 
ed, oar. 

3220 Gongora, dark-flowered. 



PL 

3285 Grevillea, Sand. 

3237 Heteropteris, golden-leaved. 

3232 Hydrastis, American. 

3284 Kidney-Vetch, rose-coloured, 

or Lady's Finger. 
3226 Ledebouria, Hyacinth-like. 
3245 Leontice, Altaic. 
3251 Leucopogon, Riche's. 
3278 Lilac, German, deep-flowered. 

3248 Limnocharis, Humboldt's. 

3218 Loasa, Mr. Place's, var. 0. 
3207 Lobelia, sharp-pointed. 
3273 Loose-strife, Azorian. 
3283 Lupine, hoary. 

3289 Marsdenia, yellowish-flowered. 
3210 Melaleuca, Mr. Fraser's. 
3268 Milk-Vetch, bladdered. 

3263 procumbent. 

3222 Myrsine, cluster-flowered. 
3287 Nuttallia, Poppy-like. 

3249 Oxylobium, elliptic-leaved. 
3281 Pimelea, long-flowered. 

3270 Sand. 

3288 slender-flowered. 

3276 Wood. 

3271 Plagianthus, spreading. 
3259 Platylobium, or Flat- Pea, Mr. 

Murray's. 
3261 Pleurothallis, proliferous. 
3238 Pogostemon, Plectranthus- 
hke. 

3219 Pomaderris, Andromeda-leaved 

3212 Birch-leaved. 

3216 Priestleya, villous. 

3259 Primrose, purple Caucasian. 

3228 Psychotria, daphne-like. 

3254 Pultenaea, subumbellate. 
3246 Rock-Cress, rose-coloured. 
3256 Salpiglossis, linear-leaved. 
3235 Sandal-wood. 

3255 Slipper-wort, crenate-flowered. 
3211 Squill, hairy-leaved. 

3277 St. John'sWort, hyssop-leaved. 
3224 Symplocarpus, stinking, Skunk 

Weed, or Skunk Cabbage. 
3275 Tillandsia, setaceous-leaved. 

3250 Trillium, upright-stalked, pale 

green-flowered, cur.