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Full text of "Curtis's botanical magazine."

CURTIS'S 

BOTANICAL MAGAZINE; 

OR 

In which the most Ornamental Foreign Plants cultivated in the Open Ground, 

the Green -House, and the Stove, are accurately represented and coloured. 

To which are added, 

THEIR NAMES, CLASS, ORDER, GENERIC ANO-SPECIFIC CHARACTERS, 
ACCORDING TO THE SYSTEM OF LINNAEUS ; 

"their Places of Growth, Times of Flowering, and most approved 
Methods of Culture. 



CONDUCTED 



By SAMUEL CURTIS, F. L. S. 



THE DESCRIPTIONS 



By WILLIAM JACKSON HOOKER, L. L. D. 

F. R. A. and L. S. and Regius Professor of Botany in the University 
of Glasgow. 






VOL. IX. 

OF THE NEW SERIES; 
Or Vol. lxji. of the whole Work. 



Well thev reward the toil. The sight is pleased, 
The scent regaled. Each odoriferous leaf, 
Each opening blossom freely breathes abroad 
Its gratitude, and thanks Him with its sweets. 



LONDON : 

Printed by Edward Coucliman, 10, Throgmorton Street; 

FOR THE PROPRIETOR, SAMUEL CURTIS, 

AT THE 

BOTANICAL MAGAZINE WAREHOUSE, OLAZMWOOD, NEAR COGGESHAIL, E>>EX : 

Published a,*, by Sherwood, Gilbert, & Piper. 23, Paternoster Row; J. & A. Arch Cornhd.; Blackwood. 

Edinburgh; and in Holland, by Mr. Gt. Eldenng, Flor.st. at Haarlem . 

And to be had of all Bo oksellers in Town and Country. 

ls:jj. 



TO 

C. R H. VON LUDWIG, Ph. D. 

KNIGHT OF THE WIRTEMBERG CIVIL MERIT AND 

CROWN ORDERS, 

THE FRIEND AND PATRON OF BOTANY 

AT THE CAPE OF GOOD HOPE, 

TO WHOM 

OUR EUROPEAN GARDENS ARE INDEBTED 

FOR MANY AFRICAN PLANTS OF GREAT RARITY AND BEAUTY. 

THE PRESENT VOLUME IS INSCRIBED, 

BY HIS FAITHFUL 
AND OBLIGED FRIEND AND SERVANT, 

W. J. HOOKER. 



Glasgow, December 1, 1835. 



( 3374 ) 

Habenaria gigantea. Gigantic 
Habenaria. 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^e. § OphrydejE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cor. ringens. Labellum basi subtus calcaratum. Glan- 
dule pollinis nudae, distinctse, (loculis pedicellorum adnatis 
v. solutis distinctis.) Br. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Habenaria gigantea; tuberibus indivisis, labio tripartito, 
lobis lateralibus sursum curvatis pectinatis intermedio 
porrecto lineari-spathulato, cornu longissimo, petalis 
2 interioribus linearibus falcatis. 

Orchis gigantea. Smith Ex. Bot. v. 2. p. 79. t. 100. 



In the month of June of the present year, we had the 
high gratification to receive at the Glasgow Botanic Gar- 
den, among other terrestrial Orchideous plants from Bom- 
bay, roots of the present individual from Joseph Nimmo, 
Esq., under the name of Orchis Susannce. These have 
flowered in great perfection in the following month of Sep- 
tember, yielding a delicious fragrance, and have added a 
truly splendid plant to the already rich collection of Orchi- 
deae in that establishment. I am not however able to 
satisfy myself that it is the species so called by Linn^us, 
He refers to the ec Flos Susannas of Rumphius, figured in 
Herm. Par. Bat. t.209, and in the Herbarium Amboinense, 
v. 5. p. 99 : but, however they may represent our plant in 
the general structure of the flower, as far at least as can be 
judged from such imperfect figures, they are both figured 
and described as much smaller in all their parts than our 

plant, 



VOL. IX. 



plant, which is certainly the O. gigantea of Sir J. E. Smith. 
It was found by Dr. Buchanan in Upper Nepal, and in the 
Mysore country, and we possess specimens from the Coun- 
tess of Dalhousie, gathered by her ladyship at Simla in 
Nepal. The true Orchis Susannte appears to be confined 
to Amboyna, and Sir J. Smith describes the flowers as of 
a very brilliant white. About Bombay, Mr. Nimmo says, 
the present species is extremely rare: its Bowers measure 
nearly four inches between the extremes of the two lateral 
sepals. 

Descr. Stem from three and a half to four fret high, 
erect, stout, very leafy: lower leaves broadly elliptical con- 
cave, gradually passing upwards with sketthmg bracteas. 
Raceme of four to six, very large, greenish white, very 
fragrant flowers. Three outer petals, or sepals, obovair, 
spreading, the upper one peculiarly broad : two inner ones, 
or petals, linear, falcate, about as long as the outer. Lip 
large, tripartite: the lateral lobes pectinated, curved up- 
wards; the intermediate one linear-spathulate, entire, stand- 
ing forward : spur very long, green : Anther large, the base 
of the cells remote. Pollen mass club-shaped ; granules 
brownish-yellow. 



Fig. 1. Lower Leaf: nat.size, 2. Lip and part of the Spur. 3. Column 
with the Anther. 4. Pollen masses : magnified. 



( 3375 ) 

Trop^olum ma jus ; var. atro-sanguineum. Greater 
Indian Cress or Nasturtium ; dark-red var. 

Class and Order. 

OCTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Trop^iolejE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cat. 5-partitus, lobo superiore calcarato. Pet. 5, inaB- 
qualia 3 inferiora minora aut evanida. Stam. 8 ab ipsa 
basi libera. Carpella 3, suberosa, reniformia indehiscentia, 
hinc sulcata rotundata. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Trop^iolum majus; foliis peltinerviis orbiculatis subquin- 

quelobis, nervis apice non exsertis, petalis obtusis. 

DC. 
Trop^eolum majus. Linn. Sp. PL p. 490. Curt. Bot. Mag. 

t. 23. Spreng. Syst. Veget. v. 2. p. 226. De Cand. 

Prodr. v. 1. p. 683. 
(/3.) atro-sanguineum; floribus atro-sanguineis. Sw. Br. 

Fl. Gard. t. 204. (Tab. nostr. 3375.) 



The Common or greater Indian Cress, though a native of 
Peru, proves a hardy annual in this country, and has been 
cultivated in Europe ever since 1684. From the ease with 
which it may be propagated, and the great beauty of the 
flowers, it is a great favourite with the humble cottager ; 
its frequency having almost banished it from the gardens of 
the more curious in flowers. The older Botanists called it 
" Viola inodora, scandens, nasturtii sapore/' &c. : and hence 
its English name of Nasturtium, and Indian Cress. The 
Cress-like flower is, indeed very remarkable ; and it is a 
well-known fact, that the caterpillars of the white butter- 
flies, which usually feed upon Cruciform plants, readily 

devour 



devour the leaves of Trop^eolum, though belonging to a 
widely different natural family. 

Beautiful as are the flowers of the common state of our 
TropjEolum, the present variety tin exceeds them; the 
colour being a remarkably rich blood -red, with a tine vel- 
vety lustre. Of the origin of this variety we are ignorant, 
and whether it will be propagated by seeds. It may be 
increased by cuttings, and is indeed already not uncommon 
in gardens. The beautiful drawing here engraved was 
made by Miss Pope, from plants which flowered during the 
summer of 1834, in the Glazenwood nursery. 



( 3376 ) 

Anemone vitifolia. Vine-leaved 
Anemone. 

Class and Order. 

POLYANDRIA PoLYGYNIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Ranunculace;e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Involucrum trifolium a flore distans, foliolis incisis. Ca- 
lyx petaloideus, 5 — 15-sepalus. Petala o. De Cand. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Anemone vitifolia; foliis rotundato-cordatis, 5 — 7-lobissub- 
tus cauleque adpresse lanuginosis radicalibus longe 
petiolatis involucellis subsessilibus trifidis, sepalis ova- 
libus extus sericeis, pistillis superne glabris, caryop- 
sidibus pedicellatis, muticis densissime lanuginosis. 
Wall, in Bot. Reg. 

Anemone vitifolia. Buchan. in De Cand. Prodr. v. 1. p. 
21. Lindl. Bot. Reg. t. 1385. 



The present is one of the few Anemones from Northern 
India that are cultivated in our gardens, to which it was in- 
troduced by Lord Amherst. Dr. YVallich informs us that 
" it is one of the commonest, as well as most ornamental 
flower-plants in Nepal, where it grows in all the forests of 
the great valley, and the surrounding mountains, delighting 
in the most shady, retired, and moist situations in the vicin- 
ity of rills and torrents." It is also found in Kamoun and 
in Gossam-Than, in the Himalaya. Our flowering speci- 
mens were sent in October, 1834, by Mr. N. Don, from 
Knyppersley Gardens, near Congletan, where they flourished 
in the open border. 

Descr. Stem, in our plant, about a foot and a half high, 
(two to three feet high, according to Dr. Wallich,) erect, 

nearly 



nearly simple, clothed with appeased hairs. Radical-leaves 
upon long stalks, cordate, lobed and coarsel] serrated, much 
nerved and somewhat wrinkled, glabrous above, downy 
and paler beneath. The involucre, both in our wild and 
cultivated specimens, seems to consist of two leaves scarcely 
differing from those of the root, except in being smaller ; 
within these are two still smaller ones, from within which 
arise the peduncles, three to four in number, each bearing a 
single flower, drooping in the state of the hud, afterwards 
erect. Sepals five, obovate, concave, white. Slatnc7is 
numerous, yellow. Head of Pistils rounuUh-ovate. 




»< ■/ 7 






( 3377 ) 

Microtis parviflora. Small-flowered 
Microtis. 

******************** 

Class and Order. 

Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^. § ArethusejE. ) 

Generic Character. 

• 

Perianthium ringens, foliolis lateralibus exterioribus ses- 
silibus, labello suppositis ; interioribus subsimilibus, ad- 
scendentibus. Labellum dissimile, obtongum, obtusum 
basi callosa. Anthera columnam infundibuliformem postice 
term i nans, auriculo membranaceo utrinque aucta (unde 
nomen.) Massce Pollinis utriusque loculi binae, pulvereae, 
basi affixai stigmatis apice soluto. — Herbae glabra;. Bulbi 
indivisi, nudi. Folium caulinum unicum, Jistulosum, teres, 
vagina longd. Spica multiflora. Flores parvi, virescentes, 
v. albi, labello indiviso v. bilobo. R. Br. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Microtis * parviflora; perianthii foliolis inferioribus revo- 
lutis interioribusque linearibus, labello lineari-oblongo 
mtegerrimo: margin i bus nudis; disco dimidii superioris 
ecalloso, spicae floribus omnibus approximatis. Br. 

Microtis parviflora. Br. Prodr. v. I. p. 321. Spreng. 
Si/st. Veget.v. 3. p. 713. 

Sent by Allan Cunningham, in 1824. with others of 
the very curious terrestrial Orchide^e of New South Wales 
to His Majesty's Garden at Kew, where it flowered in 
October, 1828, when the drawing, which Mr. Bauer has 
obligingly communicated to us, was made. In September 
of the present year the same plant flowered in the green- 
house of the Glasgow Botanic Garden, among a box of 
rare OrchidejE sent by Mr. Richard Cunningham from the 
same country, the preceding year. In the colony of Port 

Jackson, 

irom fJUKfot,smaU, and « 4 - wto«, an ear, from the smtJ] auricle on each 
side the column. 



Jacksou, Mr. Allan Cunningham obscn the species 

affects clayey soils in low, damp forest grounds, where, 
should the season prove moderately moist, and therefore 
favourable to the reauimation of the whole tribe, it appear- 
in abundance, with the several species of Diuris, which, like 
the Crowfoots of our English meadows, bespangle the grassy 
lands of that colony, with their rich and various bright- 
yellow flowers, in the months of spring." 

Descr. An extremely slender plant, eight to ten inches 
high, simple, bearing a single, subulate (istulose Imf. arising 
from near the middle. Spike terminal, of many small, pale 
green, inconspicuous flowers, eacli subtended by a small 
bractea. The oblong, angular germen occupies the greater 
portion of the flower. Upper sepal nearly orbicular, con- 
cave, acute: two lateral ones linear-oblong and revolllte, 
dotted with red. Petals linear, almost white. Lip small, 
linear-oblong, acute, recurved, entire, with two callosities 
at the base. Column short, white, with an auricular appen- 
dage on each side at the top, between which the Anther is 
situated. 



Fig. 1. A front, and fig. 2, a side view of the Flower : magnified eight 
diameters. 3 and 4. Front and side views of the Column and Labellum of 
the same Flower: magnified sixteen times in diameter. 5. Front and side 
views of the Pollen masses, magnified sixteen times in diameter. (?. I'. 1- 
len grains, magnified two hundred times in diameter. 



In this place may be noticed another species, which .Mr. Brow n many 
years ago, (Prodr. 1. p. 320. in Obs.) referred to this Genus, but which 
has not yet been sufficiently defined by Botanists in any work, li 
native of New Zealand; was originally discovered by Sir Joseph 15 
in Captain Cook's first voyage of circumnavigation, and was ai'terv, . 
met with by Forster and others. It appears to stand intermediate 
between Mr. Brown's 31. rara, and that eminent EfcX 
of which a description and figure is given in the next article, and it 
be named and characterized as follows. 

M. Banksii ; perianthii foliolis inferioribus ovato-lanceolatis subpatenti- 
bus: interioribus lineari-oblongis obtusiusCuMs, labello oblo 
cuneato lobato : dimidio inferiore dilatato retuso, disco verre 
marginibustubercuiato-incrassatis, spicre floribus pra?cipue distinc- 
tis, inferioribus distantibus. 

Ophrys unilblia. For.st. Prodr. n. 31 1. 

Epipactis porrifolia. Swartzin Act. Holm. L800 p 233 Peri Syn. 
2. p. 513. WtUd.Sp. PL \.j. 

Microtis porrifolia. Spreng. & jet. 3. p. 713. 

Hab. in filicetis apertis Novae Zdandi«, inter Bay of Islands . t Wan- 

garoa, &c. Illustr. Banks. Forster. R. Cunningham. 

Obs. Nomen specifieum Sprengelii (parrifbiiaj reject am est, quo 
toto genere convenit. 



3374 




( 3378 ) 
Microtis media. Middle-sized Microtis, 

Class and Order. 

Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — OrchidevE. § Arethusejs. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium ringens, foliolis lateralibus exterioribus ses- 
silibus, labello suppositis; interioribus subsimilibus, adscen- 
dentibus. Labellum dissimile, oblongum, obtusum, basi 
callosa. Anthera columnam infundibuliformem postice 
terminans, auriculo membranaceo Utrinque aucta, (unde 
nomen.) Masses Pollinis utriusque loculi bina?, pulvereae, 
basi affixae stigmatis apice soluto. — Herbae glabrae. Bulbi 
indivisi, nudi. Folium caulinum unicum, jistulosum, teres, 
vagina long a. Spica mult iflor a. Flores parvi,virescentes, 
v. albi, labello indiviso v. bilobo. R. Br. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Microtis media; perianthii foliolus inferioribus revolutis 
oblongis acutis : interioribus linearibus obtusis, labello 
oblongo-cuneato apice retuso : dimidii superioris disco 
verrucoso-incrassato margin i bus calloso-tuberculatis. 
Br. 

Microtis media. Br. Prodr. v. I. p. 321. Spreng. Syst. 
Veget. v. 3. p. 713. 



" When Capt. King returned from New South Wales in 
1823, he brought home with him turfs of the Cephalotus of 
King George's Sound, at which port he had touched in his 
passage; and that curious vegetable having flowered at 
Kew, an opportunity was afforded of publishing a coloured 
figure of it in the Botanical Magazine (t. 3119.) From 
the sod that contained the Australasian Pitcher-plant sprang 
JjP* unexpectedly, our present subject, which produced its 
flowers in 1825, and thus enabled Mr. Bauer, (to whom we 

are 



are indebted for the drawing from which our figure and 
magnified dissections are copied) to make a sketch of this 
rare plant — an inhabitant (with the Cephalotus) of swampy 
grounds on the immediate shores of King George's Sound, 
where it was originally discovered by Mr. Brown in 1801. 
After flowering, the plant died altogether at Kew, and has 
not since, we believe, been reintroduced to any of our col- 
lections." Allan Cunningham. 

Descr. Whole plant, in general aspect, very much re- 
sembling the M. parviflora represented in our last plate, 
but more than twice the size. The flowers too are ex- 
tremely similar, and the chief difference is to be found in 
the lip, which is here larger in proportion to the rest of 
the flower, and it is singularly wedge-shaped, truncated, 
and obtuse, even retuse at the extremity :— the disk being 
moreover furnished with two oblong, warty callosities, and 
the margin of the lower half and apex, with several' glo- 
bose, tuberculated processes. 



Fig 1. Front, and %. 2, a side view of the expanded Flower magnified 
eight times in diameter. 3. A front, and 4, a side view of the parts of Fruc- 
tification and Labellum of the same Flower : magnified sixteen times in 
diameter. 5. Front and side view of the Pollen masses : magnified sixteen 
times in diameter. 6. Pollen grains of the same : magnified two hundred 
times in diameter. 7. A transverse section of the Ovarium: magnified 
eight times m diameter. * J 



3370 




ifJi/M'. 



i>t,hf>f S.Ctirlu (*.•»»/' A'-.-j 



( 3379 ) 

Calandrinia speciosa. Showy-flowered 
Calandrinia. 

Class and Order. 

POLYANDRIA MoNOGYNIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Portulaceje. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx persistens bipartitus, sepalis subrotundo-ovatis. 
Petala 3 — 5 hypogyna aut imo calyci inserta, libera aut 
ima basi subconnata, aequalia. Stam. 4—15 toro vel basi 
petalorum inserta, libera, petalis saepe alterna. Stylus 1 
brevissimus apice tripartita, lobulis in stigma clavato-ca- 
pitatum collectis. Capsula oblongo-elliptica 1-locul., 3- 
valvis, polysperma. Semina placentae centrali funiculis 
capillaribus adnexa. — Herbae succulents glabra Americana 
tiaoitu Samoli. Folia integerrima radicalia aut alterna. 
jredicelli \-Jlori axillares aut oppositifolii. Genus vix a 
A ahno differt. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Calandrinia speciosa ; caule in feme fruticoso, foliis carrio- 
sis spathulatis obtusis glaucis, racemis terminalibus 
laxis simplicibus, calycibus maculatis. 

Calandrinia speciosa. Hort. Eps. 

This plant was received at the Glasgow Botanic Garden, 
from Mr. Young of Epsom, with the name here given, 
which we find nowhere recorded, and without any mention 
.its native country, which, however, is probably the same 
with that of its near allies lately figured, C. discolor (Bot. 
£ la g. t. 3357), and C. grandiflora (t. 3369), namely Chili. 
r orn both those species it differs in the more shrubby stem, 
Particularly at the base, in the differently shaped leaves, 

and 



and in the size of the flower, which is larger than that of any 
species with which we are acquainted. With us, it has 
been hitherto kept in an airy part of the stove, where it 
flowered in July. 

Descr. Stem thick and almost woody at the base, re- 
sembling that of Sempervivum arboreum, and like it marked 
with the scars of fallen leaves, branched upwards, the 
branches rather short, spreading, green. Leaves almost 
exactly spathulate, obtuse, more or less tapering at the 
base, patent, fleshy, glaucous. Peduncle elongated, termi- 
nal, having a few bracteaeform leaves, and bearing at the ex- 
tremity araceme of several flowers, of which one only opens 
at a time, beginning from below ; each pedicel is accompa- 
nied by two broadly ovate, unequal, membranaceous brac- 
tea, spotted with purple. Calyx of two roundish-cordate, 
concave, pale yellow-green leaves, spotted with purple. 
Petals large, of a brilliant and deep rose-colour. Stamens 
numerous, in several series : Filaments and Anthers deep 
purple, the former with the innermost ones pubescent. 
Pollen orange-brown. 



Fig. 1. Calyx : magnified. 



( 3380 ) 

Anagallis Monelli; var. Willmoreana. 
Italian Pimpernel, Mr. Willmore's var. 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Primulacejs. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cal. laciniis 5 acutis. Cor. rotata, laciniis ovatis rotun- 
datis. Filamenta basi villosa. Stigma globosum. Cap- 
sula globosa, mucronata, circumscissa. Semina numerosa, 
ovata, subtrigona, scabra ; receptaculo globuloso. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Anagallis * Monelli ; foliis lanceolato-acuminatis trinerviis 
oppositis verticillisve, caulibus adscendentibus, corolla 
(casruleas) marginibus minutissime eroso-crenulatis. 

Anagallis Monelli. Linn. Sp. PI. p. 211. Curt. Bot. 
Mag. t. 319. Roem. et Schult. Syst. Veget. v. 4. p. 117. 
Spreng. Syst. Veget. v. I. p. 570. 

Anagallis linifolia. Linn. Sp. PI. p. 212. Roem. et Schult. 
*> 4. p. 118. 

(#.) corolla vivide purpureo-caBrulea. (Tab. nostr. 3380.) 

Tab. 319 of our Magazine, represents the usual appear- 
ance of Anagallis Monelli, with flowers of a rather pale 
blue. In October of the present year (1834), Mr. Don, of 
Knyppersley Gardens, near Congleton, Staffordshire, was so 
obliging as to send me the beautiful variety here represented 
(accompanied with the drawing by Mr. T. Holland), and 

which 

From anxytXuu, to laugh. Pliny says the Anagallis excites plea- 
re ; and Dioscorides, that it removes obstructions of the liver, which 
cr eate sadness. 



which had been raised by Mr. Willmore, from seeds sent 
from Madeira. Supposing it to be new, it was communi- 
cated to me with the specific name of Willmoreana ; but 
however it may excel the A. Monelli in brilliancy of colour 
in the blossom, I think it will on all hands be granted that 
it can only be considered a variety of that species. It thrives 
well in a light, rich soil, and continues in flower for a con- 
siderable length of time. Its mode of treatment in the 
garden is well described at t. 319 of this work. 

Descr. Stems long and straggling, sharply -angled. 
Leaves opposite or ternate, sometimes quaternate, sessile, 
broadly-lanceolate, acuminate, three-nerved. Flowers nu- 
merous. Peduncles slender, solitary from the axil of each 
leaf, single -flowered: the bud drooping. Calyx -leaves 
lanceolate, acuminate. Corolla of a brilliant blue-purple 
above, paler and redder beneath, the eye or centre yellow, 
the margin minutely and irregularly crenated. Anthers 
yellow : Filaments clothed with red hairs. 



Fig. 1. Stamen : magnified. 



( 3381 ) 

Cereus grandiflorus. Large -flowered, 
or Night-blowing Cereus. 

Class and Order. 

ICOSANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

( Nat. Ord.— Cactejs. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala numerosissima imbricata basi ovario adnata, in 
tubum elongatum concreta, exteriora breviora calycinalia, 
media longiora colorata, intima petaliformia. Stamina nu- 
merosissima cum tubo concreta. Stylus filiformis apice 
multifidus. Bacca sepalorum reliquiis areolata tuberculosa 
aut squamata. Cotyledones nulla? ? — Frutices carnosi elon- 
gati axi ligneo interne medullifero donati, angulis verticali- 
ous spinarum fasciculos gerentibus regulariter sulcati. An- 
guli sen alae nunc plurimce, nunc paucissimce, rarius dua 
tantum et tunc rami compresso-alati. Flores ampli e spi~ 
narum fasciculis aut crenis angulorum orti. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Cereus grandiflorus ; radicans diffusus scandens 5 — 6-an- 

gularis, setis 5 — 6 brevibus vix tomento Ion iriori bus. 

DC. 
Cereus grandiflorus. Mill. Diet. Haw. Syn. Succ. PI. p. 

184. De Cand. Prodr. v. 3. p. 468. 
Cactus grandiflorus. Linn. Sp. PI. p. 688. De Cand. 

PI. Grasses, t. 52. Sprcng. Syst. Veg. v. 2. p. 496. 
Cereus gracilis scandens, &c. Trew, Ehrh. t. 31. 22. 



The Cactus-family though possessing stems of the rudest 
and most grotesque forms is surpassed by none in the beauty 
°» its blossoms. While the Cereus speciosissimus, as its 
name would lead us to expect, produces flowers of a re- 
markably large size, and possessing very brilliant colours, 

the 

VOL. ix r 



the subject of our present figure yields to no plant in the 
size, delicacy, and fragrance of its blossoms : nor are these 
its only peculiarities ; it has been aptly described as 

" Queen of the dark, whose tender glories fade 
In the gay radiance of the noon-tide hours." 

" That flower, supreme in loveliness, and pure 

As the pale Cynthia's beams, through which unveiled 
It hlooms, as if unwilling to endure 

The gaze, by which such beauties are assailed." 

In our stoves the season of blossoming is usually the 
month of August. At ten or eleven at night the flowers 
are fully unfolded, and by day-light they are closed never 
more to expand. The closing of the flower may be retarded 
as Mr. Murray has ascertained, even for a whole day by re- 
moving the bud before it is fully open, and putting the cut 
end into wet sand. Our drawing was made from a plant 
which had three flowers in perfection at the same hour. The 
species is a native of the West India Islands, and was, ac- 
cording to Hortus Kewensis, cultivated before 1700, in the 
Royal Gardens at Hampton Court. The present and all the 
more beautiful and showy species and varieties of Cactus, 
are no where perhaps more successfully cultivated than at 
the extensive gardens and nursery grounds of Mr. Curtis 
at Glazenwood, Essex ; where the curious and grotesque 
forms of the stem form a singular contrast with the splen- 
dour of the blossoms. 

Descr. Stems creeping and extending to a great length, branched, 
cylindrical, with from five to seven angles, the angles bearing numer- 
ous, small tufts of a woolly substance, intermixed with six to eight short 
setae. Copious radicles are thrown out from various parts of the stem, 
even when the latter does not come in contact with the soil. There is 
no trace of leaves of any kind. The flowers are lateral. The bud is at 
first globose, acute, then clavate, sessile, covered with imbricated scales, 
bearing long seta;. When fully expanded, the flower is a span across : 
the tube of the calyx long, green, the limb cup-shaped : the former is 
composed of the united, imbricated scales above mentioned : the latter 
is formed of the numerous long, spreading, tawnv-orange, upper seg- 
ments of the calyx, forming a sort of ray, and 6f an inner series of 
calyx-segments or petals, which are oblong, broader upwards, nearly 
erect, and ol a pure white colour. Stamens numerous, long, at length 
inclined to one side : Filaments white : Anthers linear-oblong, yellow. 
Style as long as the stamens : Stigma of many rays 



( 3382 ) 

DlPLOPAPPUS INCANUS. HoARY DlPLOPAPPUS. 

********************* 

Class and Order. 

Syngenesia Superflua. 

( Nat, Ord. — Composite. ) 

Generic Character. 

Radius uniserialis faemineus. Discus hermaphroditus. 
Pappus biserialis conformis. Corolla disci regularis. Ache- 
mum erostre.— Herbae v. fruticuli Americani, Asiatici, ml 
Africani, foliis alternis integris ; capitulis terminalibus , so- 
lilariis, colore varie tinctis. Less. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Biplopappus incanus; foliis linearibus obtusis glauco-inca- 
nissemiamplexicaulibus, caulis corymbosi ramulis uni- 
floris, involucri squarrosi foliolis lineari-lanceolatis 
gland ulosis. Lindl. 



The Genus Diplopappus is very nearly allied to Aster, 
being distinguished from it scarcely by any thing but the 
double row of the pappus, whence the name. It includes, 
however, plants with yellow, as well as purple, flowers, a 
colour never known in Aster : hence it embraces Chry- 
sopsis of Nuttall, and both Lessing and Lindley combine 
with it Diplostephium of Kunth and Aplopappus of Cassini. 
rew of the Asteroid family are more worthy of cultivation 
ban the present, bearing as it does copious flowers, of 
peculiarly bright colours, and continuing to blossom in the 
open border till late in October. Dr. Lindley, however, 
^commends its protection in a frame during winter. It is 
a native of California, where it was discovered by Mr. 
Douglas, and was communicated by Mr. N. Don from 
Miyppersley Gardens, near Congleton. 

Descr. 



Descr. Perennial. Stems much branched, and, as well as 
the foliage, every where clothed with short, dense, glaucous 
pubescence, occasioning a hoary appearance, that suggested 
the specific name. Leaves scattered, about an inch long, 
linear-lanceolate, entire, patent or recurved, gradually be- 
coming smaller on the ultimate branches, which arc termi- 
nated by a large single flower. Involucre almost globose, 
the scales numerous, linear, squarrosc, slightly glandular. 
Ray of many florets, and of a bright purple colour. Disk 
deep yellow. 



Fig. 1. Floret from the Hay. 2. Ditto from the Disk: magnij 



33<?3 




( 3383 ) 

JlJSTICIA CARNEA. FLESH-COLOURED 
JUSTICIA. 

Class and Order. 

DlANDRIA MoNOGYNIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Acanthace^. ) 

Generic Character. 

CaL aequalis, 5-raro 4-partitus. Cor. valde irregularis, 
bilabiata, vcl ringens, labio inferiore diviso. Stamina 2 
antherifera. Antherm biloculares, loculis insertione saepius 
inaequalibus. Filamenta sterilia nulla vel obsoleta. Ovarii 
loculi dispermi. Dissepimentum adnatum. Semina retina- 
culis subtensa. Br. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Justicia carnea; antherarum loculis parallelis, spicis tenni- 
nalibus imbricatis multifloris foliis brevioribus, brac- 
teis max i mis, labio corollas superiore lineari emar- 
ginato, inferiore recurvo apice obtuso trilobo, foliis 
ovato-lanceolatis acuminatis subcrenatis longissime 
petiolatis. Lindl. 

Justicia carnea. Lindl. Bot. Reg. t. 1397. 



This very beautiful and most desirable inmate of the stove 
is a native of Rio Janeiro, and was first described by Dr. 
Lindley from plants introduced by the lit. Hon. Rorert 
Gordon. We have imported it from the same country at 
the Glasgow Botanic Garden, where the plant, from which 
our figure was taken, appeared in the autumn of 1834, and 
v ve have since received more splendid specimens from Mr. 
N. Don's garden at Knyppersley, near Congleton, Shrop- 
shire. 

Descr 



Descr. Stem four to five feet high, branched, the 
branches four -sided. Leaves opposite, ample, on long 
petioles, ovate, attenuated at the base, sharply acuminated 
at the extremity, glabrous, entire, reticulated, gradually 
smaller upwards, where they pass into bracteas, which are 
very numerous, the outer ones ovato-lanceolate : inner ones 
small and linear. Corolla very long and of a beautiful 
rose-colour, two-lipped ; upper lip erect, entire, lower one 
revolute, three-toothed. Anther deep purple. 



33fr? 




/!//• /ry S ' I >//•/>.!■ IriaX 



•&*?J.1»36 



( 3384 ) 

WEDELIA ? AUREA. GOLDEN WeDELIA. 

Class and Order. 
Syngenesia Superflua. 

( Nat. Ord. — Composite. ) 

Generic Character. 

Radius faemineus, uniserialis, rarissime nullus. Ache- 
nium conforme, erostre, angulatum, urceolo foliaceo, hinc 
inde aristam imam alteramve brevem gerente coronatum, 
disco epigyno minuto. — Fruticuli aut herbal Americance vel 
Polynesicce vel Nepaulenses, magis minusve hispidce, foliis 
oppositis, integris aut paucilobatis ; capitulis luteis, termina- 
libus, solitariis. Less. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Wedelia ? aurea ; foliis ellipticis venosis scabris serratis 
sessilibus, involucri foliolis elliptico-lanceolatis, ache- 
niis compresso-triquetris aristis tribus subspinosis. 

Wedelia aurea. D. Don, MSS. 



My first knowledge of this plant was from specimens sent 
to me by the late Mr. Barclay, raised from Mexican seeds, 
with the name here adopted. In August 1824, specimens 
flowered at Glasgow, which were sent by Mr. Cameron 
(formerly gardener to our lamented friend just mentioned) 
from the Birmingham Botanic Garden, under the name of 
Wedelia aurea, D. Don, MSS. The habit is indeed that 
pf Wedelia, but the achenia so little accord with that Genus 
lr » their structure, that were it not for the opinion thus 
expressed of Mr. Don, I should scarcely have ventured to 
refer it to Wedelia. With some modification, however, of 
}"c Generic Character, it might be included. It is said to 
«ave a tuberous root. 
. Descr. Plant apparently a foot, or a foot and a half 
n, gh, herbaceous, rounded, scabrous, as is the whole plant, 

slightly 



slightly branched. Leaves opposite, the lower ones rarefy 
alternate, elliptical, acute, the upper ones almost acumi- 
nate, sessile, serrated, somewhat three-nerved at the base. 
Peduncles terminal, in threes. Involucre of rather few sub- 
squarrose scales, of which the outer arc elliptical-lanceolate, 
the inner smaller and narrower, gradually passing into the 
palece of the receptacle : these latter arc lanceolate, acumi- 
nate, carinato-conduplicate. Flowers orange yellow. Achc- 
nium of the ray triangular, with three short, rigid teetli : 
that of the disk triangular, compresso-carinate, with three 
long, equal, subpaleaceous teeth. 



Fig. 1. Floret of the Ray. 2 Achenium of ditto. 3. Floret of tin 
with its Bractca. 4. Fruit of ditto : magnijied. 



o3S-6 







( 3385 ) 

SOLANUM TwEEDIANUM. Mr. TwEEDIe's 
SoLANUM. 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Solane^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5—10 partitus. Cor. subrotata, 4— 10-fida. An- 
theras conniventes apice poro gemino dehiscentes. Bacca 
*j 3, 4-locularis, placentis septo adnatis. Semina glabra. 

Specific Name and Character. 

solanum Tweedianum ; pubescenti-viscidum, ' caule her- 
baceo, foliis cordatis basi angulato-dentatis sublonge 
petiolatis, racemis umbellatis, floribus (inter majores) 
nutantibus. 



Among the numerous species of Solanum which we have 
received from Mr. Tweedie, gathered near Buenos Ayres, 
is the present one, of which seeds were sent to the Glasgow 
Botanic Garden in 1833. It produced its conspicuous and 
lively flowers in the greenhouse in the month of October: 
these are of a purplish-white colour, with the projecting 
stamens of a full orange. The foliage indeed has little to 
recommend it, being very similar to that of some of the 
varieties of our S. nigrum. 

Descr. Stem a foot and a half high, erect, rounded, 
. rau ched, especially upwards, green tinged with purple, 
clothed with short and fine clammy hairs. Leaves alter- 
nate, upon footstalks of about the same length, cordate, 
atner acute, membranaceous, obtuse and somewhat unequal 
t the base, where, at the sides, they are sinuato-dentate ; 
e rest entire : the whole viscido-pubescent ; but less so 

than 



than the stem. Peduncles opposite to the leaves,, about two 
inches long, bearing, in an urnbellated raceme, five or six 
rather large drooping7?owers. Calyx 5-fid. Corolla rotate, 
five-cleft, pale purplish-white, yellow at the base. Stamens 
five, of which the anthers are a deep orange colour. 



( 3386 ) 

Physostegia imbricata. Imbricated 
Physostegia. 

Class and Order. 

DlDYNAMIA GYMNOSPERMIA. 

( Nat. Ord.— Labiate. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx per anthesin tubuloso-campanulatus, post anthesin 
inttato-campanulatus, obscure sub 10-venius, subsequaliter 
5-dentatus vel truncatus vix dentatus. Corolla tubo longe 
exserto, intus exannulato, fauce inflata, limbo bilabiato, 
labio superiore suberecto subconcavo integro vel emargi- 
nato, inferiore patente trifido, lobis rotundatis, medio ma- 
jore emarginato. Stamina 4, sub labio superiore adscen- 
dentia, subdynama, inferioribus eminentibus. Antherce 
approximatae, biloculares, loculis parallelis distinctis nudis. 
stylus apice subaequaliter bifidus, lobis subulatis apice 
stigmatiferis. Achenia sicca, laevia. Benth. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Physostegia* imbricata; caule elato, foliis elliptico-lan- 
ceolatis grosse serratis, spicis paniculatis tetragonis 
noribus erectis dense imbricatis, corollas labio superiore 
valde concavo, tubo vix inflato. 

Phe Genus Physostegia is founded upon the Dracoce- 

PH ^ L £ M Virginianum of Linn, and Bot. Mag. t. 467, to 

J™chpecies the learned and ingenious author has referred 

*e Dracocephalum lancifolium, Moznch, D. variegatum, 

Ve nt., D. denticulatum, Ait. (and Bot. Mag. t. 214), D. 

speciosum, 



* Frn 
charapto? t V l a ' a hladder > and ™y>, to cover, probably from the swollen 
acter of th e calyx which covers the Fruit. 



speciosum, Sw., and D. obovatum, Ell. To the Genus he 
has added, but not without some hesitation, a new species 
from my Herbarium, P. truncata, a native of Texas. From 
all these our plant appears truly distinct, though its affinity 
is doubtless with D. Virginianum. The differences, how- 
ever striking to the eye are, nevertheless, I regret to say, 
difficult to be given in a specific character. The plant is 
much taller, the leaves are broader and more copiously and 
strongly serrated, the spikes more numerous and crowded, 
the flowers dense, nearly erect and closely imbricated : the 
corolla much shorter, less attenuated at the base, and, con- 
sequently, apparently less inflated upwards, of a red-purple 
colour above, almost white beneath, and the upper lip is 
considerably arched. This (as do the other two species of 
the Genus,) inhabits Texas, whence roots were sent to the 
Glasgow, and probably to the other Botanic Gardens in 
this country, by Mr. Drummond. It flowers during the 
latter end of summer and autumn, and is a hardy perennial. 
Descr. Root much creeping beneath the surface of the 
ground. Stem rising quite erect, five to six feet high, four- 
sided. Leaves opposite, the radical ones broadly elliptical, 
petiolate, upper ones elliptical, lanceolate, sessile, all of 
them coarsely serrated, especially in the upper half, gla- 
brous, bright green, frequently tinged with purple-brown. 
Spikes numerous pedunculated, from the axils of the upper 
leaves, which gradually become small, so that the spikes 
appear paniculated. Flowers in four rows, densely imbri- 
cated, erect. Calyx campanulate, with five distinct, nearly 
equal teeth. Bracteas ovate, shorter than the calyx. Co- 
rolla red-purple above, pale and almost white below, with 
a few reddish spots. Upper lip very concave : lower with 
three almost equal lobes. Tube not strikingly inflated. 
Germen with a yellow linear gland rising above the ger- 
men. 



Fig. 1. Flower with its Bractea. 2. Corolla seen from the underside. 
3. Pistil. 



( 3387 ) 

Begonia geraniifolia. Geranium-leaved 

Begonia. 

Class and Order. 

MONOECIA POLYANDRIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Begoniace^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Masc. Cat. o. Cor. polypetala, petalis plerumque 4, 
maequalibus. F^em. Cal.o. Cor. petala 4—9, plerumque 
incequalia. Styli 3, bifidi. Caps, triquetra, alata, trilocu- 
lare, polyspermia. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Begonia geraniifolia; caulescens glaberrima, foliis aequa- 
liter cordatis acutis acute lobatis inciso-serratis sub- 
plicatis nitidissirnis fusco-marginatis subtus concolori- 
bus, floribus masculinis 4-petalis, 2 exterioribus rotun- 
datis eoloratis interioribus obovatis uudulatis (albis). 



Numerous as are the species of Begonia in Brazil, they 
appear to be rare, in similar latitudes on the opposite side of 
the vast continent of South America : and only one seems 
to be recorded as a native of Peru, B. octopetala, L'Herit., 
which we have received from Mr. Mathews. The present 
was discovered in the neighbourhood of Lima, and roots 
nought to the Glasgow Botanic Garden by Mr. M'Lean, 
in 1833. In September of the following year, they pro- 
duced their exceedingly pretty and very delicate red and 
White flowers, which contrasted well with the glossy and 
deep green foliage. It is to be regretted that only male 
owers have yet been produced, I am therefore unable to 
characterize th e form of the fruit or germen. 

I sc ^* Stem about a foot high, erect, somewhat an- 
&u ar, but very obtusely so, succulent, pale, semipellucid, 

green, 



green, with a slight purplish tinge, branched upwards in a 
somewhat dichotomous manner. Branches rounded. Leaves 
on long, rounded, footstalks, cordate, the sides nearly 
equal, plaited, cut into many unequal, very acute lobes, 
and those inciso-serrate, green on both sides, paler beneath, 
above of a full and very bright and glossy green, the 
margin red, perfectly glabrous, as is the whole plant : the 
nerves radiate as it were from the base, without any distinct 
midrib. At the setting on of the leaf are two large con- 
nate, membranaceous bracteae. Peduncles terminal, bear- 
ing two or three flowers, which are inclined, drooping 
while in bud. Male-fiower of four petals, of which, the 
outer and larger are almost orbicular and red, the two inner 
obovate, waved, and white. 



Fig. 1. Cluster of Stamens. 2. Anther: magnified. 



3388 










( 3388 ) 
Catasetum purum. Spotless Catasetum. 

********************* 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^;. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium saepius globosum, nuncexplanatum. Sepala 
et Petala subaequalia. Labellum crass urn, carnosum, nu- 
dum, ventricosum vel explanatum, fimbriatum ; sub apice 
saccatum, obsolete trilobum. Columna erecta, aptera, 
libera, apice utrinque cirrhosa. Anthera subbilocularis, 
antice truncata. Pollinia 2, postice biloba vel sulcata, 
caudicula maxima imda demum clastice contractili, glan- 
dula cartilaginea subquadrata. — Herbae terrestres vel epi- 
phytce, caulibus brevibusfusiformibus vestigiis foliorum ves- 
titis. Folia bast vaginantia, plicata. Scapi radicates. 
Flores speciosi, racemosi, viridcs, nunc purpureo-maculati. 
Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Catasetum purum ; spica multiflora, perianthii foliolis cou- 
cavis deflexis immaculatis, labello ore contracto iu- 
tegro lateribus denticulatis. 

Catasetum purum. Nees PL Hort. Med. Bonn. 1824. 
Tab. I. 

Catasetum inapertum. Hook. Exot. FL v. 3. t. 213. (1826.) 



This is one of the best characterized of all the Cataseta, 
a *id although introduced to the Liverpool Botanic Garden, 
a § mentioned in the Exotic Flora, more than eight years 
a go, it appears to be still a rarity in our collections. So 
r as I know, it is confined to two of the gardens of Liver- 
pool, which rank high in the Orchideous department, 
namely, the Botanic Garden and that of Charles Horsfall, 

Esq., 

*0L. | X 



Esq., who also imported it from Brazil. From both these 
establishments, where it flowers during the winter months, 
it has been obligingly communicated to me. At the time 
I described this plant in the Exotic Flora, I was not aware 
of its having been published two years previously by Dr. 
Nees von Esenbeck in the work above quoted. I now 
gladly adopt his name. His plant differs in no respect from 
oui's, save in the fewer and narrower leaves. I may here 
observe, that the flowers of the spike in the accompanying 
figure (taken from Mr. Shepherd's specimen) being con- 
siderably advanced, the segments of the perianth are on 
that account more deflexed than in an earlier stage of per- 
fection, and their margin reflexed. Our figure 1, from 
Mr. Horsfall's plant, represents the more perfect form of 
the flower. 

Descr. The bulbs and foliage of this plant arc similar 
to those of the other species of the Genus : and the distin- 
guishing marks of the flowers are better understood by a 
reference to the figure than by words. They are, perhaps, 
the smallest of the concave-lipped species, and of an uni- 
form pale yellow-green colour, the inside of the lip only 
excepted, which is of a purplish-brown colour. The lip 
itself is superior, remarkably contracted at the mouth, the 
margin at the extremity destitute of teeth, the sides denti- 
culate. The sepals are ovate, concave, and as well as the 
petals directed downwards, so as only to enclose the lower 
part of the labellum with their concave bases, in ago they 
are still more deflected, and the margins turned outwards. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Flower with the Sepals bent back in age. 3. Back 
view of the same. 4. Column, from which the Anther-case, fig. 5, is re- 
moved. 6. Pollen-mass: all, but fig. 1-3, magnified. 



( 3389 ) 

RUELLIA ELEGANS. NeAT BLUE-FLOWERED 

RUELLIA. 

Class and Order. 

DlDYNAMIA ANGIOSPERMIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Acanthace^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cah/x 5-partitus aequalis. Corolla infundibuliformis, 
limbo 5-fido subaequali patente. Antherce 2-loculares. 
Capsula polysperma, dissepimento adnato. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Ruellia* elegans ; herbacea, pubescenti-hirsuta, foliis 
ovato-acuminatis grosse serratis longe petiolatis, flori- 
bus in ramis terminalibus subsolitariis pauci-bracteatis, 
calycibus ciliatis. 



This very pretty species of Ruellia is cultivated in the 
stove of the Glasgow Botanic Garden, having been raised 
from seeds sent from the East Indies. Its bright blue 
blossoms continue during great part of the summer, and 
render it an acceptable plant to our collections. It is pro- 
bably described in Professor Nees von Esenbeck's elabo- 
rate memoir, entitled " Acanthaceae Indiae Orientalis," and 
given in Dr. Wallich's " Plantae AsiaticaeRariores;" but 
without the fruit, I am unable satisfactorily to refer it to 
its proper Genus among the numerous ones there character- 
ized. I wish it therefore to be considered a Ruellia of 
Roxburgh and most other authors. 

Descr. The root is probably annual. The stem erect, 
slender, hairy with patent hairs, erect, branched ; the 

branches 



Named after John Ruelle, a French Botanical writer, who lived in 
the sixteenth century. 



branches opposite and axillary, simple. Leaves opposite, 
pubescent, ovato-acuminate, coarsely serrated, tapering at 
the base gradually into a footstalk, nearly equal to the leaf 
in length. The leaves at the extremity of the branches 
appear suddenly to become ovato-lanceolate, lax, sessile 
bracteas, enclosing one to three flowers. Calyx of five 
deep, linear-lanceolate, ciliated segments, not half so long 
as the tube of the corolla. Corolla hypocrateriform. Tube 
curved, white, purplish upwards, where it is somewhat in- 
flated. Limb very bright blue, of five nearly equal, cmar- 
ginate lobes. Stamens four; two with hairy filaments, the 
other two small, and apparently abortive, all included. 
Germen oblong, tapering into a slender Style, included 
within the flower : Stigma of two, very unequal, sharp- 
pointed lobes. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Calyx laid open, including the Pistil. 3. Stamens 
magnified. 



( 3390 ) 

SOPHORA TOMENTOSA, /3. DOWNY SOPHORA, 

variety. 

Class and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — LEGUMiNoSiE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 5-dentatus, basi campanulata aut subattenuata. 

Pet. carinalia saepius apice concreta. Legutnen monili- 

forme apterum, polysperrnum. — Arbores, frutices aut herbs, 

foliis impari-pinnatis sepius exstipulatis, racemis terminali- 

biis simplicibus paniculatisve. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Sophora* tomentosa ; fruticosa,subsericeo-canescenti-pubes- 
cens, foliolis suboppositis 7 — 9 jugis cum impari ova- 
libus obtusis coriaceis reticularis, racemis erectis elon- 
gatis terminalibus demum lateralibus, bracteis sub- 
ulatis deciduis, calycibus iuflatis dentibus obsoletis, 
staminibus deciduis basi incrassatis pubescentibus. 

Sophora tomentosa. Linn. Sp. PL p. 533. D C. Prodr. 
v. 2. p. 95. Spreng. Syst. 2. p. 346. 

(/3.) foliis ramulisque junioribus canescentibus, demum nu- 
diusculis lucidis. Tab. nostr. 3390. 

Sophora occidentals. Linn. Sp. PL p. 533. 



The shining, dark green, handsome foliage of this plant, 
contrasting with its bright yellow spike-like panicles of 
flowers, render it a very ornamental shrub ; but in Madeira, 
(where our description was made by Mr. Lowe, and our 

drawing 



* From its Arab name, Sojthcra. 



drawing by Miss M. Young, for the blossoms have we 
believe never been produced in Britain,) it is singularly 
liable to be infested by a species of caterpillar, which, at 
intervals, absolutely swarms upon it, stripping it of all its 
leaves and beauty. The foliage has a fetid, subbituminous 
smell, like that of Psoralea Americana, L., or P. bitumi- 
nosa, L. 

Raised from Brazilian seeds by Mrs. Penfold, of the 
Achada, flowering chiefly in May or June ; the seeds ripen- 
ing in September and October. Miller says that in Ja- 
maica, of which it is a native, the other more hoary variety, 
«, Sophora tomentosa, L., is called Sea-side Pigeon Pea. 
This was made by Linnaeus a distinct species from the 
smoother plant here figured (S. occidentalis, L.) : but they 
have been long united by Mr. Brown, under the name of 
S. tomentosa. 

Descr. An upright, evergreen, bushy shrub, in Madeira 
about five feet high, conspicuous for its fine dark-green, shin- 
ing foliage, somewhat resembling that of the Locust-tree, or 
Carob-tree (Ceratonia Siliqua, L.). Branches round, gray- 
ish, straight, erect, and rather simple, or but distantly sub- 
divided : while young clothed with dense, adpressed, very 
short and close setce rather than hairs ; giving them a 
somewhat hoary or mealy gray appearance. Petiole sub- 
quadrangular, compressed, or with the sides flattened and 
broader than above, where it is strongly but narrowly 
channelled ; hoary, like the young leaves and branches. 
Leaflets from six to nine, but generally in eight pairs, with an 
odd terminal one ; on short, flattened, pale flesh-coloured, 
mostly opposite, downy petiolules ; their edges slightly 
revolute : they are from one and a half to two inches long, 
and from an inch and a quarter to an inch and a half broad, 
diminishing in size from the second or third pair to the 
terminal odd one, broadly oval, varying from roundish to 
elliptic, obtuse, though with often an inconspicuous, short 
point, coriaceous; shining, and ultimately nearly smooth ; 
finely reticulated as if minutely punctate, and of a dark, 
glossy green above ; beneath pale, with the reticulating 
veins darker, very fine, but distinct and regular, presenting 
a beautiful appearance through the lens : both sides spar- 
ingly sprinkled, even when old, with extremely short and 
minute adpressed hairs. Often by abortion the uppermost 
pair or two of leaflets is imperfect, and variously combined 
with the terminal odd one : and all the leaflets have a ten- 
dency to become more or less alternate. Flowers much 

like 



like those of Spanish Broom (Spartivm junceum, L.) but 
rather paler, bright lemon -yellow, middle-sized, scentless, 
in erect, leafless panicles from six inches to a foot lon°% 
truly lateral and axillary, but at first appearing terminal^ 
by their pushing aside out of its direction in a geniculate 
manner the young shoot, which by being also adnate to 
the petiole of the uppermost developed leaf, resembles 
rather a side-branch coming out at the base of the panicle. 
Bracteas small, linear-subulate, adpresso-pubescent, about 
half the length of the pedicels when the flowers ex- 
pand. Pedicels a quarter to one-third of an inch long, 
round, adpresso-pubescent, erecto-patent, jointed close be- 
neath the calyx. This last is in the bud oblong, with five 
shallow, but distinct, equal teeth ; in the flower large, in- 
flated, cup-shaped, slightly gibbous above; the base thrust 
in (intrusus) like the bottom of a bottle : teeth broad, very 
shallow and inconspicuous : the whole hoary-pubescent, 
pale greenish-yellow, and full of honey. Standard reflexed, 
uniform, bright yellow. Keel and wings of equal length, 
nearly as long, and the same uniform colour as the stand- 
ard. Stamens ten ; their filaments nearly white, smooth 
upwards, but pubescent and thickened at the base ; per- 
fectly distinct and free throughout. Anthers pale brown. 
Style simple, with the stigma truncate, smooth, green, 
about the length of the stamens. Ovary linear, silky, con- 
taining many ovules. Pod five or six inches long, curved, 
drooping, indehiscent, moniliform; the seeds forming glo- 
bose, bead-like knots, pale yellowish, finally dark brown or 
blackish, hoary with very fine cinereous pubescence : fre- 
quently several seeds are abortive, and then the pod between 
the remainder is strangulated and reduced almost to a thread. 
Seeds from five or six to ten or twelve, the size of small 
peas, subglobose or subcordate, a little pointed both at top 
and bottom, with a faint, indistinct groove down the back, 
quite smooth and shining, tawny brown or dark fawn 
colour, darker about the hilum, which is a small elliptic 
cavity with dark edges. 



Fig. 1. Ripe Legume. 2. Seed : nat. size. 



3 )>. 




( 3391 ) 

Pentstemon Richardsonii. Dr. Richard- 
son's Pentstemon. 

******************** 

Class and Order. 

DlDYNAMIA ANGIOSPERMIA. 
( Nat. Ol'd. ScROPHULARINjE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cal. pentaphyllus ant quinquepartitus, bractea solitaria 
distante. Corolla ventricosa, bilabiata. Stamina didy- 
nama, rudimento quinti filiformi saepius barbato. Anthera 
sejunctae, saepius glabrae. Capsula ovata, bilocularis, bi- 
valvis, polysperma. Semina angulata. — Herbae v. sufiru- 
tices, Americance, vel Orientali- Asiatics. Folia Icevia, acu- 
minata, s&pius serrata. F lores paniculato-racemosi, purpu- 
rei, roseij albidive. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Pentstemon Richardsonii; caule berbaceo, foliis sessilibus 
pinnatifidis, calycibus gland uloso-pubescentibus, laci- 
niis ovatis acutis, corollae labio superiore bilobo, infe- 
riore trilobo transverso, pedunculis racemosis 2 — 3- 
floris. Lindl. 

Pentstemon Richardsonii. Douglas, Journ., fyc. ined. 
Lindl. Bot. Reg. t. 1121. 



A hardy perennial, now become frequent in our gardens 
though of comparatively recent introduction. It is a native 
of the Columbia and its tributary streams, where it was 
discovered by Mr. Douglas, who named it in compliment to 
Dr. Richardson, the friend and companion of Sir John 
Franklin. It flowers during the greater part of the sum- 
mer months, and the blossoms are succeeded by numerous 
seed-vessels. 

Descr. 



Descr. Stem erect, or nearly so, much branched, the 
branches slender, slightly downy. Leaves ovato-acuminate, 
very obscurely pinnatifid, pubescent, the segments narrow, 
acuminated, often toothed. The numerous, short, lateral 
branches bear two or three handsome flowers. Calyx in 
five deep, lanceolate, rather than ovate, segments, which are 
acuminated and spreading. Corolla purple, the tube much 
swollen, ventricose: upper-lip two-lobed, erect, lower three- 
lobed, standing forward. Barren filament linear, com- 
pressed, yellow-green above, white below, bearing near the 
extremity a few scattered white hairs. 



Fig. 1. Barren Filament : magnified. 



3 392. 




fu& Sy S Curtu dlai 



( 3392 ) 

oenothera stnuata. scollop-leaved 
Evening Primrose. 

********************* 

Class and Order. 

OCTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Onagrarle. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 4-fidus, tubulosus. Petala 4, calyci inserta. Cap- 
sula 4-locularis, 4-valvis, infera. Semina comosa. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

(Enothera sinuata; decumbens molliter pubescens, foliis 

oblongo-lanceolatis sinuato-pinnatifidis incisisve, flori- 

bus axillaribus parvis (luteis), sepalis versus apicem 

unguiculatis, fructibus cylindraceo-tetragonis sub- 

arcuato-incurvis pilosis. 
(Enothera sinuata. Mich. Fl. Am. v. I. p. 224. Pursh, 

Fl. Am. v. 1. p. 261. Elliott, Carol, v. 1. p. 443. 

Spreng. Syst. Veget. v. 2. p. 227. De Cand. Prodr. v. 3. 

p. 48. Torre?/, Fl. of Un. St. v.l.p. 388. Hort. Kew. 

ed. 2. v. 2. t. 343. 
(0.) minima; caulehumile simplice unifloro, foliis integris. 

Nutt. Gen. Am. v. 1. p. 245. Torrey, Fl. o/Un. St. 

v.l.p. 389. 
(Enothera minima. Pursh, Fl. Am. v. I. p. 262. t. 15. 



(Enothera sinuata seems to have been introduced to 
our gardens, according to Hortus Kewensis, in 1770, by 
M. Richard. Yet it has never found a place in any 
periodical botanical work, nor do I think it is by any 
means a general plant in our collections. American au- 
thors give it as an inhabitant of New Jersey, Virginia, 
Carolina, and Georgia. Seeds have been sent from Texas 

by 



by Mr. Drummond in 1833, from which plants were raised 
that flowered in the open border in the Glasgow Botanic 
Garden in September of the following year. The CE. min- 
ima, Ph. is now generally allowed to be a starved state of 
the present species. 

Descr. Stems decumbent, branched, 1 — 2 feet long ; 
the branches round, soft with pubescence as is the whole 
plant, often tinged with purple. Leaves sessile, oblongo- 
lanceolate, acute, sinuato-pinnatifid, subincised. Flowers 
axillary, solitary, shorter than the leaf. Segments of the 
calyx scarcely shorter than the corolla. Petals obcordate, 
yellow. Fruit (immature) linear, 4-sided, hairy. 



3393. 







( 3393 ) 

Oncidium triquetrum. Triquetrous- 
leaved Oncidium. 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Labellum explanatum lobatum basi tuberculatum. Petala 
patentia (2 antica nunc <connata). Columna alata. Massa 
pollinis 2, postice bilobae ; medio affixae processu communi 
stigmatis. Br. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Oncidium triquetrum ; petalis acutis anticis connatis, la- 
belli lobo medio subrotundo indiviso, scapo racemoso, 
foliis triquetris. Br. 

Oncidium triquetrum. Br. in Ait. Hort. Kew. ed. 2. v. b. 
p. 216. Spreng. Syst. Veget. v. 3. p. 723. 

Cymbidium triquetrum. Sw. Ft. Ind. Occ. p. 1475, 



Although introduced from Jamaica to the Royal Gardens 
of Kew by Rear Admiral Bligh, so long ago as the year 
1793, a figure of this beautiful plant has never appeared in 
any work, from which it may perhaps be inferred, that the 
species was soon lost to our gardens. It has, however, 
been again introduced by Charles Horsfall, Esq. from 
the same country, and in his collection we had the plea- 
sure of seeing it in the autumn of the present year. The 
plant had been liberally divided, and a portion sent to the 
gardens of Wentworth, where our figure was made from it 
m full fl ower | n October 1834. 

Uescr. Plant destitute of bulb. The leaves arise imme- 
lately from the root, are few in number, distichous, four 

to 



to six inches long, cartilaginous, triquetrous, but laterally 
compressed, grooved above, very acute ; the colour a deep 
full green, with a reddish margin. Scape from the centre 
of these leaves, and about equal to them in length, slender, 
curved, purplish, bearing a few bracteas, and terminated by 
a. raceme often to twelve, handsome, but moderately-sized 
flowers. Calyx of two opposite, broadly-lanceolate, pur- 
plish-green leaves, the lower one formed of two, combined 
and bidentate. Petals white, tinged with pale green, and 
variously spotted with purple ; the two lateral ones ovate, 
the lower one, or labellum, cordato-ovate, the base on each 
side spreading into two rounded lobes : the central base or 
disk being occupied by a large, fleshy, orange-coloured 
gland, which is confluent with the base of the column. 
Column short, with a broad wing above on each side the 
stigma. Anther-case ovate, imperfectly two-celled. Pol- 
len-masses ovato-globose, attached to a slender rather long 
pedicel with a gland at its base. 



Fig. 1. Back view of a Flower. 2. Labellum and Column. 8. Front 
view of the Column from which the Anther has been removed. 4. Anther- 
Case. 5. Pollen-masses : — magnified. 




".".'I: 




■ 



( 3394 ) 

Acacia undul^efolia. Waved-leaved 
Variable Acacia. 

Class and Order. 

POLYGAMIA MONCECIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Leguminos^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Flores polygami. Cal. 4— 5-dentatus. Pet. 4— 5, nunc 
libera, nunc in corollam 4— 5-fidam coalita. Stam. nu- 
mero varia 10 — 200. Legumen continuum exsuccum bi- 
valve. — Frutices aid arbores, habitu et foliatione valdk 
varice. Spinas stipulares sparsce aut nulla. D C. 

Specific Character and Sj/non?/?ns. 

Acacia undulcefolia ; stipulis minutis acuminatis deciduis, 
phyllodiis late ellipticis ovatisve obliquis interdum 
subasquilateris undulatis planiusculisve acuminatis 
leviter parallelo-venosis glabris, mucrone atteuuato 
incur vato terminatis, margine autico prope basin uni- 
glanduloso, capitulis solitariis geminisve axillaribus 
pedunculitis, pedunculis glabriusculis vel parce pi- 
losis phyllodiura superantibus, ram u lis teretiusculis 
diffuse dependulis cano-pilosis, floribus quinquefidis, 
petalis ercctis apice uncinatis, stylo staminibus fere 
duplo longiore. Allan Cunn. 

Acacia undulaefolia. Allan Cunningham M88. (1822.) G. 
Don's Syst. ofGard. v. 2. p. 404. n. 41. Lodd. Bot. 
Cab. t. 1544. 

I hat considerable portion of our globe, now more gene- 
rally called by geographers Australia, by whom it has been 
justly regarded as a fifth continent, exceeding in extent 
hill three-fourths of Europe, has long been characterized as 
a laud of anomalies, furnishing many extraordinary incon- 
gruous features, not simply in its physical constitution, 
geographically and geologically considered, but in the 

' lara cter of its aboriginal inhabitants, and especially in its 
animal and vegetable products. On the characteristic fea- 

ures and geographical range of the latter, in that country, 

Mr. 



Mr. Brown has, some years since, furnished us with many 
highly interesting remarks, in the appendix to the voyage 
of Captain Flinders ; where he has particularly noticed 
those Genera of the Australian Flora, Eucalyptus and 
Acacia, as being each, so numerous in species, and so exten- 
sively scattered over the whole country, as to form striking 
peculiarities of its vegetation — their respective aggregates 
moreover, if taken together, and considered with respect to 
the mass of vegetable matter they contain, (calculated from 
the size, as well as the number of individuals), exhibiting a 
proportion of the whole, perhaps almost equal to all the 
other plants of that continent. 

That two Genera, agreeing truly in a part of their eco- 
nomy, although of very different orders, should thus largely 
contribute towards that peculiar character of the Australian 
forest-vegetation, which has long since met the observation 
of Botanists, is of itself remarkable ; but there are two other 
striking facts connected with the forests of New Holland, 
that are highly interesting to physiologists, which all tra- 
vellers in those regions have remarked, but on which, few 
have reasoned. These are the position of their leaves on 
the branch, and the gray or sombre aspect they give to the 
landscape. Neither, have escaped the scrutinizing obser- 
vation of Mr. Brown ; for, regarding the former, he has 
observed, that in those Genera, the leaves are vertical — in 
other words, instead of presenting their surface towards the 
stem, the margin is opposed to it, so that both surfaces have 
the same relation to light : and in respect to the absence of 
vegetable lustre in the wilds of that continent, that philoso- 
phical botanist has, by microscopic investigation ascer- 
tained, that it is to be attributed to the equal existence of 
cutaneous glands (pores, or stomata of the epidermis of 
most authors) on both surfaces of the leaves. 

Why that vertical economy, which so uniformly takes 
place m the aphyllous Acacia, in the Eucalypti generally, 
and in species of certain Genera of Proteace^e — a family also 
greatly dispersed, and presenting remarkable modifications 
in Australia— should thus prevail in that country, and that 
bothpaginae should bealike furnished with cutaneous glands, 
it may be difficult to explain ; although it does indeedlilmost 
seem obvious, that, that deviation from the usual position of 
leaves generally, which takes place in those leading Genera 
in Australia, as well as the uniformity, and perhaps greater 
adaptation of both surfaces (by some peculiar absorbent or- 
ganization) to imbibe atmospheric moisture at night, have 
a reference to that known constitutional dryness of the 

country, 



country, to which those plants are indigenous. Whatever 
their functions may be, Mr. Brown is of opinion, that cuta- 
neous glands more frequently occur on both surfaces of the 
leaves of plants on that continent, than in any other part of 
the world. ■ 

Of the Genus Acacia, nearly one hundred species were 
known to that able and discriminating Botanist in 1814- 
ot which, by far the greater number belonged to the sec- 
tion containing such as are, in almost every individual 
wholly destitute of true leaves, in the adult state : whose 
petioles therefore, greatly developed, put on the appear- 
ance, and doubtless perform all the requisite functions 
ot leaves. Since that period, great has been the accession 
ot new species to our living collections, and especially to 
the Herbarium ; for, in the latter, are now to be enume- 
rated full two hundred species, indigenous to Australia, 
ot almost every form of phyllodium and habit— many in- 
deed, exhibiting, in the modes of inflorescence, a beauty 
Hiat renders them greatly to be desired in the living state! 
1 lie species of which we now give a figure, is another of the 
discoveries of Allan Cunningham in the interior of New 
kouth Wales, to which this work has so often referred. It 
was discovered in 1822, clothing rocky hills near Bathurst; 
and was subsequently observed occupying arid spots in the 
country lying N. W. from that settlement, at elevations 
exceeding three thousand feet above the level of the sea. 
Although an inhabitant of districts, in which the tempera- 
ture in the winter months, is often reduced to the freezing 
Point, and where even snow remains upon the surface, for a 
short period, in seasons of unusual severity, for the latitude of 
that colony, it nevertheless requires, in this country, the 
shelter ot a greenhouse in winter, not having the constitu- 
tion of a compatriot, and indeed companion of its native 
"'Us, Eucalyptus pulverulenta (Sims), which bears our 
climate without distress, when placed against a wall in a 
southern aspect. First raised from seeds received at Kew 

1U a aUd an acknovvled g ,nent of our thanks is due to 
Mr. Aiton, for the specimens transmitted us, from which 
o'n; drawing was made. This comparatively rare plant, 
^hich neither ripens its pods with us, nor is by any means 
readily propagated otherwise, is a very distinct species from 
JJiy ot the Australian portion of the Genus, enumerated by 
e Candolle ; it approaches however nearest to A. anceps 
ot his Prodromus. * 

naU^ SCR " A Shrub seldom exceeding a height of four feet, and in its 
branchl^T^ 0l . vanable ' regular habit, and much branched ; the 
"eis oemg of a dark colour, crowded with axillary flowers to their 

very 



very extremities, and densely clothed with short, cinereous hair. In 
the cultivated state, the branchlets are brown, subangular, pilose, and of 
spreading, dependent habit. Phyllodia copious, alternate, often an inch 
long; in some instances but a little more in length than in breadth, 
elliptical or ovate ; as frequently equilateral as oblique, especially in the 
wild specimens : often of very flexuose surface with undulated, thick- 
ened margins, or almost entirely plane, acuminate, with an attenuated, 
curved mucro; the upper margin more wavy than the lower, and near 
the base furnished with a rather prominent oval gland; smooth, hav- 
ing several faintly-marked primary veins, diverging from the midrib 
at an angle of forty-five degrees, and running parallel to each other. 
Flowers bright-yellow, formed in solitary, rarely geminate capitula, and 
projecting beyond the phyllodia, on peduncles from the axilla. Pedun- 
cles either nearly smooth, or but thinly interspersed with hairs. Calyx 
small, five-toothed, smooth. Corolla five-cleft, each segment erect, 
margins somewhat incurved, apex hooked. Stamens numerous, about 
half the length of the style. Legume (in the ripe stale) dark-brown, 
two to three inches long, and one broad, compressed, obtuse, slightly 
curved, subgibbous, the outline often repand or subsinuate, with a 
thickened margin ; smooth, and traversed by parallel, ultimately branch- 
ed veins, one-celled, long-peduncled. Seeds four to eight, seldom more, 
ilattish, obtusely elliptical, very smooth, brown -black. Umbilical 
funicle simple, cymbiform. 



Of the same section as, and closely akin to our plant, our Herbarium 
furnishes several, as yet unpublished species ; of which, two more nearly 
allied, have been defined by Mr. Cunningham, as follows : 

A. sertiformis; glaucescens glabra, stipulis acutis persistentibus, phvllo- 
dns oblique subrotundis perlate ovatisve acuminatis manifeste parallelo- 
venosis, venulis anastomozantibus, acumine incurvato innocuo, dimidio 
supenore minore ad basin uniglanduloso, capitulis solitanis axillaribus pe- 
dunculate; pedunculo phyllodium sequante, (nunc duplo Wiore.) ramis 
teretibus elongatis incurvatis deflexisve, floribus quinquefidis, fetalis sube- 
rectis, stylo stamimbus paulo longiore. 

Hab. in Novsc Cambrise Australis parte interiore: in desertis ad marlines 
occidentals plamtiei peramplae Liverpool. All. Cunn. 1825. Florens lecta 
mense Maio. 

Obs. Frutex erectus, pulchellus, quinque— sexpedalis. Rami teretes, 
heves, picei; pnmo erectmsculi, elongati, viminei ; dein (versus apices) in- 
flexi, vel dechnati, quandoque in curvamina sertiformia propemodum dispo- 
siti PhyUodia copiosa, uncialia, patentia. Capitula lutea, eonstanter ad 
axillas sohtana. Calycis denies glabri. 

A.piligera; hirta pilis laxis patentibus, stipulis acuminatis persistenti- 
bus, pnyllodns subobhque elhpticis obovatisve planiusculis cuspidatis, ob- 
tusisve cum acumine, mucrone attenuato subulato sphacelato marline 
antico prope basin uniglanduloso, capitulis pedunculatis solitanis Bubgemi- 
msve, pedunculis phyllod.o longionbus, ramuhs teretibus vimatis strictis, 
nonbus quinquefidis, petahs erectis, stamimbus dimidium styli vix quan- 

Hab in Nova Cambria Australi : in cacummibus apricis prjeruptis mon- 
tium ad flurnen Hunter. All. Cunn. 1825. Aprili, Maio floret. 
, U . BS - ^"^j; strictus, elegans, orgyalis et ultra. Rami erccti, virgati, 
laxius tohosi Fhyllodwrum pagina; plus minus plamusculcE, pilis perrard 
conspersae. Capitula florum aurea. Denies cahjcis cihati 










/ £\,e< dp?//* 7 : 



( 3395 ) 
Maxillaria Deppii. Deppe's Maxillaria. 

********************* 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide.e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium patens, resupinatum. Labellum cum pro- 
cessu unguiformi columns articulatum, trilobum. Foliola 
lateralia exteriora basibus cum processu columnar connata. 
Pollinia 4, basibus connata, glandulosa, (vel 2, pedicellata, 
pedicello basi glanduloso.)— Herbs parasitica:, bulbosce, 
America meridionalis . Racemi (vel scapi unifiori) radica- 
ls . Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Maxillaria Deppii; calyce patente, foliolis oblongo-obtu- 
sis maculatis, corolla porrecta, petalis lateralibus obo- 
vatis (albidis), labello trilobo (flavo) purpureo-macu- 
lato, lobis lateralibus incurvis, intermedio ovato-acu- 
minato undulato reflexo, scapis radicalibus, bulbo 
ovato compresso apice subtriphyllo. 

Maxillaria Deppii. Lodd. Bot. Cab. p. 1612. 



This very fine species of Maxillaria was received by Mr. 
Loddiges, from Mr. Deppe, who gathered it near Xalapa, 
in New Spain. Our drawing was made in October, It***, 
at Wentworth, the seat of Earl Fitzwilliam, where, under 
the able management of Mr. Cooper, theOrchideous plants 
are cultivated with a degree of success which, it it even be 
equalled, can never be surpassed by other Horticulturists : 
so that, greatly as my expectations had been raised, 1 must 
confess that tlie sight of this collection, whether the vigor- 
ous growth and beauty of the foliage, or the number ot 
splendid species blossoming at one time be considered, tar 

exceeded 



vol. IX. 



exceeded my warmest anticipations. The present was one 
among the rarer species which I was glad to have the op- 
portunity of figuring from the growing plant. 

Descr. Bulbs broadly ovate or rotundate, compressed,, 
furrowed, clustered, sometimes arising from the base of 
a leaf; but the leaves are generally produced, three or 
four together, from the extremity of the bulb. They are 
broadly elliptico-lanceolate, striated and waved. Scapes 
radical, single-flowered, partially clothed with red-brown, 
sheathing scales. Flowers large, handsome. Calyx of 
three ovato-elliptical spreading leaves, the two lateral ones 
combined below, and projecting into an obtuse but distinct 
spur : their colour is dingy green, spotted with purple. 
Petals standing forward : two lateral ones white, obovate, 
concave ; lower one or lip bright-yellow, with a few pur- 
plish spots, three-lobed, its two lateral lobes incurved, the 
intermediate one reflexed, ovato- acuminate, the margins 
waved : in the disk of the labellum, towards the base, is a 
yellow gland. Column elongated, white, marked with pur- 
plish lines. Anther hemispherical. 



Fig. 1. Lip, nat. size. 2. Column : — magnified. 




jrClmoi ^^ ^/prU^^y /$3; 



( 3396 ) 

Plagianthus? sidoides. Sida-like 
Plagianthus. 

Class and Order. 

MONADELPHIA DeCANDRIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Euphorbiace^e ? Bombace^e. DC.) 

Generic Character. 

Flores hermaphroditi. Calyx subhemisphaericus, 5-den- 
tatus. Petala 5, ovalia, basi cum tubo staminum unita. 
Stamina 10 — 12 ; filamenta in tubum cylindraceum unita. 
Pistillum solitarium. Germen ovatum uni- bi-ovulaturn, 
oyulis suspensis. Stylus crassiusculus. Stigma magnum, 
bilobum, hinc decurrens, papillosum. Capsula subdru- 
pacea, mono - dicocca, apiculata, indehiscens ? Cocculi 
nionospermi. Semen pendens. Albumen carnosum. Em- 
bryo immersus, curvatus : Radicula cylindracea, ad hilum 
seminis versa : Cotyledones majusculse, planae, subfoliaceae, 
•ongitudinaliter undulatae. — Frutex parvus, virgatus. Folia 
linear ia, fasciculata, 3-nervia. Flores subsolitarii, parvi, 
breviter pedunculati, flavescentes . 

Specific Name and Character. 

Plagianthus ? sidoides ; foliis sparsis lanceolatis serratis 
rugosis subtus eano-pubescentibus, floribusglomeratis. 



A shrub of no great beauty ; with the habit of some of 
the Australian Sidas, but with a structure of the flower en- 
tirely that of the New Zealand Plagianthus, so that not- 
withstanding a considerable difference in habit, I dare not, 
without a knowledge of the fruit, separate it from that 
^enus. It is a native of Van Diemen's Land ; and seeds 
w ere sent from thence to the Glasgow Botanic Garden, by 
he late Mr. Lawrence ; and it produced its small and un- 
obtrusive flowers in the Greenhouse, in September, 1834. 

Descr. 



Descr. Shrub two to three feet high, slightly branched, 
downy above. Leaves scattered, shortly petiolate, lanceo- 
late, wrinkled with the reticulated veins, strongly serrated, 
downy, canescently- woolly beneath. Flowers axillary, 
glomerated, small. Calyx bell-shaped, monophyllous, five- 
toothed, hoary with down. Corolla of five spathulate, 
ciliated petals, a little longer than the calyx, combined by 
their claws. Filaments united into a cylindrical, downy 
tube and confluent at the base with the claws of the petals. 
Anthers about ten, apparently one-celled, pale yellow. 
Germen ovate, green, attenuated into a rather thick, white 
style, equal in length with the stamens. Stigma pro- 
truded, bipartite. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Corolla, including the Stamens und Pistil. 3. Column 
of Stamens and Pistil. 4. Pistil : — magnified. 




Mmmj^r // 14 ~ 



( 3397 ) 

Habenaria goodyeroides. Goodyera- 
lire Habenaria. 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Orel. — Orchide^. § Ophryde^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cor. ringens. Lakellum basi subtus calcaratum. Glan- 
dular pollinis nudas, distinctae (loculis pedicellorum adnatis 
vel solutis distinctis.) Br. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Habenaria goodyeroides ; caule elongate, foliis elliptico- 
lanceolatis, spica multiflora, labello subintegro peta- 
lisqueobtusis (albidis), calcare globososaccato, foliolis 
calycinis ovato-acuminatis (herbaceis). 

Habenaria goodyeroides. Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal, p. 25. 
Spreng. Syst. Veget. v. 3. p. 690. 



This is the other species of Habenaria from Bombay, 

mentioned at t. 3374, when speaking of H. gigantea, as 

communicated by Joseph Nimmo, Esq., to our Botanical 

garden, where it flowered in December. It is a rare and 

interesting plant, though greatly inferior in beauty to the 

H- gigantea. It appears entirely to agree with the II. 

goodyeroides of Mr. Don, a native of Nepal. So that, on 

l ne continent °f India, it seems to have an extensive range. 

Descr. Stem a foot in height, erect, simple, rounded, 

e ? leaves patent, remote, gradually larger upwards, 

here they are more crowded, elliptical-lanceolate, rather 

cute, striated, waved, of a satiny-green lustre. Peduncle 

ermmal, sheathed with erect, lanceolate bracteas, and 

caring a rather long and densely crowded spike of small 

J owers, intermixed with subulate bracteas, which are rather 

longer 



longer than the flower. Perianth with the segments erect, 
nearly equal in length. Calyx of three ovato-acuminate, 
greenish leaves. Petals white, two lateral ones ovate, very 
obtuse : lower one or labellum ovate, with the sides in- 
curved, the apex reflexed, the base prolonged into an 
inflated, globose, yellowish-green spur, very much shorter 
than the linear-oblong, twisted germen. Column very 
short. Anther large in proportion to the size of the flower, 
yellow, having on each side a clavate, erect gland or abor- 
tive anther. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Lip with its Spur. 3. Column. 4. Pollen mass: 
magnified. 



( 3398 ) 

Clerodendron hastatum. Halberd-leaved 
Clerodendron. 

Class and Order. 

DlDYNAMIA ANGIOSPERMIA. 
( Nat. Ol'd. VERBENACEiE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cat. 5-fidus (nunc 5-dentatus). Cor. tubo cylindrico; 
limbo 5-partito, patente, laciniis subaequalibus. Stam. 
juxta faucem inserta, exserta, adscendentia : antherarum 
loculis parallelis. Bacca pyrenis 4, monospermis. Br. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Clerodendron hastatum; foliis oppositis subhastato-cor- 
datis 5-lobis acuminatis, ramis pedunculisque villosis, 
panicula decussata dichotoma ramosa, calyce foliaceo 
acuto, tubo corollas longissimo filiformi. Wall, in Bot. 
Reg. 

Clerodendron hastatum (sphalmate C. sagittatum). Wall. 
Cat. Herb. Ind. num. 1786. Lindl. Bot. Reg. t. 1307. 

Siphonanthus hastata. Roxb. Hort. Beng. p. 46. 



A valuable acquisition to our stoves, for which we are 
indebted to Dr. Wallich, who introduced it by seeds pro- 
duced in the Botanical Garden of Calcutta. It is a native 
?f Sylhet, where it was discovered by Mr. Smith, who sent 
it to Dr. Roxburgh, in 1811. Our drawing was made at 
Wentworth Gardens, in October, 1834: but the flowers 
w ere so long, and the panicle and foliage so large, that not 
^en a quarto plate would have done justice to the subject. 
The blossoms are delightfully fragrant. 
, Descr. A shrub from five to six feet in height, branch- 
ing mostly at the top ; branches spreading, square with ob- 
use angles. Leaves opposite, a span and more long, hal- 
berd-shaped, 



berd-shaped, very acute, downy all over, the two lateral 
lobes often again divided : the upper leaves among the pa- 
nicles are small and ovate or lanceolate. Panicle large, 
spreading, pedunculate, arising from the axils of the upper 
leaves. Peduncles and branches purplish-brown, downy. 
Calyx inflated ; with five connivent lobes, of a yellow-green 
colour, the segments purple, and there is a band at the 
bottom of the calyx of the same colour : the whole gla- 
brous, but viscid. Corolla white or greenish-white : the 
tube exceedingly long and slender, curved, downy with 
glandular hairs ; limb of five spreading, waved or tortuous 
segments. Filaments and style exserted, purple. Anthers 
purple-black, as is the pollen. 



Fig. 1. Section of the Calyx, showing the Gormen. 




339$ 




' 



J%*&. fy SCv+tis. 6&*m.**eweod Jtssex, <d/ 



J*w*» 



( 3399 ) 

EURYCLES CUNNINGHAMII. SMALL-FLOWERED 

Eurycles, or Brisbane Lily. 

************************* 

Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Amaryllide^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium hypocrateriforme, limbo sexpartito. Sta- 
mina faucialia, filamentis dilatatis coronam mentieutibus, 
utrinque unidentatis; antherai versatiles. Ovarium 3-locu- 
lare; ovulis gemiuis collateralibus appensis. Capsula. 
Semina testa carnosa. Lindl. 

Radix tunicato-bulbosa. Scapus pedalis et infra, erectus, 
subteres. Folia p/wra, (2 — 5) petiolata, subrotunda, ovato- 
orbiculata, s. oblonga, brevi- acuminata, basi plus minus cor- 
data, concentrice nervoso-costata, fere Hemerocallidi japo- 
nic®, Icete viridia. Involucrum 2 — 3-phyllum. Umbella 
4 — \2-Jlora. Flores tubulosi, hexandri, albi. Tubus sub- 
cylindricus. Pilameuta basi dilatata, complanatd, in tubum 
dentatum proxime contigua, adhuc plerumque distincta. 
Stylus erectus. Stigma simplex, rard divisum. Ovarii 
loculi bi-rarius tri-spermi. Semina bulbiformia. 

Specific Character and Sj/nonyms. 

Eurycles Cunninghamii ; umbella 4 — 6-fiorfi, perianthii 
laciuiis ovato-oblougis planis, erecto-patulis, staminum 
dentibus lateralibus subulatis, iutermedio subajqua- 
libus. 

Eurycles Cunninghamii. Ait. MSS. apudllort. Reg. Kew. 
Loud. Hort. Brit. Suppl. p. 588. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. 
t. 1506. 



It was, we believe, Mr. Brown who first suggested, that 
Pancratium amboinense of Linn^us, differed from the other 

species 



species of the Genus,, in the structure of the ovarium and 
corona — the cells of the former being furnished with two 
seeds, and the tube-like form of the latter, cut down nearly 
to its base., into almost six distinct segments. Two years 
afterwards, viz. in 1812, Mr. Salisbury proposed, in a 
paper that appeared in the transactions of the Horticultural 
Society of London, to remove that Amboyna Lily, from its 
then co-ordinates, to a new Genus ; to which, without any 
definition of character, he gave the title of Eurycles* : — a 
Genus, (thus submitted for adoption by future botanical 
writers) at that time, limited to the solitary species ; the 
Crinum nervosum of L'Heritier, who had probably relied 
upon the accuracy of the figure of Humph, (in the sixth 
volume of the Herbarium Amboinense), being considered 
by botanists identical with it. 

Since that period, however, two very distinct species, 
both natives of New South Wales, and of Mr. Cunningham's 
discovery, have been added to the Genus. Of these, the 
one here figured was originally gathered in the year 1824, 
on the banks of the Brisbane River, at Moreton Bay ; where 
it was observed growing in great abundance beneath the 
shade of the Araucari^e of the forests of that almost tro- 
pical region, and where, urged by the rains, which fall on 
that coast in the summer months, it frequently puts forth its 
flower-scape before the leaves appear. 

In botanical affinity, Eurycles approaches nearest to 
Calostemma of Mr. Brown, a Genus exclusively Australian, 
and now — rather a remarkable coincidence — also compris- 
ing three species; of which, one (C. album, an inhabitant 
of the north coast of that continent) has the elliptical nerved 
leaves, so characteristic of the individuals of the Genus of 
our present subject. 

Descr. Bulbs nearly round, tunicated, about the size of 
a walnut, hazel-brown, with a palish-green apex. Leaves 
two to five, long-petioled, elliptical or oblong, acuminate, 
rather cordate at the base, smooth on both sides, strong- 
nerved ; nerves curved and parallel. Scape erect, about 
a foot high, bearing an umbel of from four to six flowers, 
within an involucrum of two or three leaves, of unequal size 
and always shorter than the flowers themselves, when ex- 
panded. 



* Derived from m» s , broad, and x* £ {« to close up : in reference to the 
dilated bases of the filaments, which may be said, partially to close up, the 
orifice of the tube of the flower. 



panded. Flowers superior, tubular, pedicellated, white ; 
segments of the perianth ovate-oblong, or oblong-lanceo- 
late, rather plane, erect-patent, bluntish, somewhat shorter 
than the tube. Stamens six, inserted into the orifice of the 
tube, shorter than the limb of the perianth : filaments dilat- 
ed at the base, approaching closely, so as to appear in the 
form of a corona, with alternate sterile teeth, (occasionally 
bilobed) not quite the length of those bearing the anthers. 
Style erect, almost twice the length of the stamens, but 
somewhat shorter than the segments of the perianth. Stigma 
distinctly three-lobed. 



The following may serve as distinctive Characters of the species at 
present known ; and to each is added, its botanical history. 

1. E. sylvestris ; (melius amboinensis,) umbella multiflora, (circiter 
10 — 12) perianthii laciniis spathulato-lanceolatis parum undulatis pa- 
tentibus, staminum dentibus lateralibus introrsum curvatis, intermedio 
tri- quadruplo brevioribus. 

Narcissus amboinensis, &c. Commel. Hort. v. 1. p. 77. t. 39. 

C^pa sylvestris. Rumph. Arab. v. 6. p. 160. t. 70. / 1. 

Pancratium amboinense. Linn. Willd. Sp. PL 2. p. 46. Blume 
Enumer. PI. Jav. 1. p. 25. Spreng. Syst. Veget. 2. p. 46. Bot. 
Mag. t. 1419. Redoute Lit t. 384. 

Pancratium nervifolium. Salisb. Paradis. t. 84. 

Crinum nervosum. L'Herit. Sert. Angl. p. 8. Persoon Syn. 1. p. 
352. Willd. Sp. PI. 2. p. 47. 

Amaryllis rotundifolia. Lamarck Encycl. \.p. 124. 

Proiphys amboinensis. Herbert in Bot. Mag. App. (1821) p. 42. 

Eurycles sylvestris. Salisb. in Hort. Soc. Loud, v. 1. p. 337. 
Schult. Syst. Veget. 7. p. 909. 

Eurycles amboinensis. Loud. Encycl. PI. p. 242. 

Hab. In insula Amboyna ad oras sylvarum. G. E. Rumph; 
atque in ins. Java, in sylvis vastis montium Panangounan, sub tegmine 
Tectonae, abunde. 1793. J. J. Labillardiere. 

Obs. Flores triunciales et ultra. Tubus laciniis parum longior. 
Bases coronseformes staminum semisexfidae. Stamina stylum sequan- 
tia, perianthio breviora. Stigma leviter subtrilobum. 

In the present day, rather a rare plant in our collections ; although 
an old inhabitant of our gardens, having been cultivated at Chelsea by 
Miller, who probably obtained it from Amsterdam, to which once 
celebrated Botanic Garden, it was introduced direct from Java, in the 
days of the Commelines, almost a century and a half since. 

2. E. australis; (melius Kingii,) umbella suboctoflora, perianthii 
laciniis Hneari-lanceolatis acutiusculis undulatis erecto-patentibus, sta- 
minum denticulis lateralibus acutis erectis, intermedio sexies breviori- 
bus. 

Pancratium australasicum. Ker in Bot. Reg. t. 715. 

Pancratium 



Pancratium australe. Spreng. Syst. Veget. 2. p. 47. 

Eurycles australis. Schult. Syst. Veget. l.p. 911. 

Eurycles australasica. Loud. Encycl. PI. p. 24:2. 

Hab. in Novae Camb. Australis orae aequinoctialis, insula depressa. 
calcaria Cairncross, in grad. 11 lat. australis, ubi, in locis umbrosis 
prope littus, parce crescit. 1820. Allan Cunningham. Visa mense 
Augusto, absque floribus ; sed verosimiliter Decembri, Januario floret. 

Nunquam versus interiorem partem continentis australasicse, lecta 
fuit, secundum Ker. 

Obs. Nimis aflinis E. sylvestri, sed prorsum minor. Mores vix 
tripollicares. Bases coronaeform. staminum omnino sexpartitae. Fila- 
menta perianthio breviora. Stigma simplex. 

Bulbs of this very rare species were received at Kew in 1821, to 
which garden alone, in Europe, were they sent from New South Wales. 
In the course of the following year they flowered in the stove; and the 
plant appearing soon afterwards in a nursery-garden where it also pro- 
duced flowers, a figure was published of it in the Botanical Register, 
where it was described, as a species closely allied to Pancrath m 
amboinense, but differing in having a corona " six-parted to the very 
bottom." As the plant, under the culture it met with, produced no 
offsets from the roots, and was not to be propagated otherwise, it a*;is 
at the fourth year after its introduction, lost to Britain — the bulbs which 
progressively decreased in size, becoming eventually dried up. Nor 
are they very likely to be reintroduced to our Collections, for the plant 
has not been found in any part of New South Wales, hitherto visited, 
as inaccurately stated in the work just referred to, but was observed 
sparingly, in the voyage of Captain P. P. King, on the small, uninha- 
bited, sandy island above named, at which, there is no inducement 
for passing ships to touch, since it furnishes but little firewood, and no 
fresh water. 

3. E. Cunning hamii; (supra tab. 3399.) 

Hab. in Nova. Cambria Australi : in sylvis densis subhumidis, ad 
ripas fluminis Brisbane, Moreton Bay, versus tropicuiu. 1821. Allan 
Cunningham. Floret Decembri, Januario. 

Obs. Prsecedenti proxima; at flores umbellse omnino minores et 
pauciores. Perianthium sesquiunciale. Stylus stannnilms longior, atque 
perianthii fere longitudine. Stigma trilobum. (Allan Cunningham.) 



( 3400 ) 
Pterostylis concinna. Neat Ptero- 

STYLIS. 

*********************** 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium ringens tetraphyllum,, foliolo inferiore bi- 
fido (e duobus infra cohaerentibus conflato). Labellum un- 
guiculatum., subinclusum. Lamina basi appendiculata v. 
gibbosa. Ungue infra labio inferiore connate Columna 
basi galea connata, apice alata. Anthera terminalis, per- 
sisted, loculis approximates. Masses pollinis in singulo 
loculo bin®, compressae, pulvereae. Stigma medio columnar 
adnatum. — Herbal terrestres, glabra. Bulbi nudi, indivisi, 
caudicem descendentem radiciformem terminantes. Folia 
nunc radicalia stellata, nervosa, membranacea, scapo brac- 
teato aphyllo ; nunc caulina alterna, radicalibus nullis. 
Plores solitarii rariusve racernosi, ochroleuci, scepiiis majus- 
culi. Br. 

Div. I. Appendix apice diviso, penicillata. Folia radi- 
calia stellata. Scapus bracteatus, aphyllus. Br. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Pterostylis concinna ; foliis radicalibus stellatis, scapo 

medio unibracteato, labelli lamina emarginata inclusa 

columnam aequante. Br. 
Pterostylis concinna. Br. Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl. v. 1. p. 

326. Hooker Bot. Journ. v. I. p. 274. t. 136. Spreng. 

Syst. Veget. v. 3. p. 715. 



This graceful little Orehideous plant, like the majority of 
the species of this remarkable Genus, is a native of the vici- 
nity 



nity of Port Jackson, where it was discovered by Mr. Brown, 
and introduced to the Royal Gardens at Kew by Mr. Allan 
Cunningham in 1828. I am indebted to W. T. Aiton, Esq. 
for the drawing here represented, taken from a plant which 
flowered in that rich establishment in 1830. This is rather 
more luxuriant than the native specimens in our Herbarium, 
which we possess from Mr. Brown himself (gathered in 
1803,) Mr. Richard Cunningham, and Dr. Sieber. By 
this last-named botanist, it is incorrectly called P. acumi- 
nata. 

Descr. The root is a descending fibre, about the thick- 
ness of small twine, bearing at the extremity two small, 
pea-shaped tubers. Sometimes a second fibre is thrown 
out, four to five inches long, in a horizontal direction, and 
slightly thickened at the apex. Leaves radical, ovate. 
Scape four to six inches high, slender, erect in our culti- 
vated plant, bearing three to four sheathing bracteas. 
Flower erect, beautifully varied with purple-brown, green 
and white, galea acute. Lower sepal with two much atten- 
uated segments, longer than the galea. Labellum strap- 
shaped, emarginate, purple appendage ; with a glandular tuft 
of hairs at its extremity. Column about as long as the lip, 
green ; wings white, with two filiform appendages at the 
top on each side the anther. 



Fig. 1. Front view of a Flower. 2. Back view of ditto. 3. Side view 
of the Column and Lip. 4. Front view of the upper part of the Column: — 
magnified. 




&201 



JUASy 



( 3401 ) 

Pterostylis acuminata. Acuminated 
Pterostylis. 

****************** 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide/E. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium ringens, tetraphyllum., foliolo inferiore bi- 
fido., (e duobus infra cohaerentibus conflato). Labellum 
unguiculatum, subinclusum. Lamina basi appendicular 
v. gibbosa. Ungue infra, labio inferiore connato. Columna 
basi galea connata, apice alata. Anthera terminalis,, per- 
sisted, loculis approximatis. Masses pollinis in singulo 
loculo binaCj compress®, pulvereae. Stigma medio columnar 
adnatnm. — Herbae terrestres, glabrce. Bulbi nudi, indivisi, 
caudicem descendentem radiciformem terminantes. Folia 
nunc radicalia stellata, nervosa, membranacea, scapo brac- 
teato aphyllo; nunc caulina alterna, radicalibus nullis. 
Florcs sotitarii rariiisve racemosi, ochroleuci, scepiiis majus- 
culi. Br. 

Div. I. Appendix apice diviso, penicillato. Folia radi- 
calia stellata. Scapus bracteatus, aphyllus. Br. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Pterostylis acuminata ; foliis radicalibus stellatis, bractea 
scapi piaster floralem unica, flore erectiusculo, labio 
inferiore parum longiore, galea acuminata, labelli la- 
mina integra : apice attenuata exserta columnam supe- 
raute. Br. 

Pterostylis acuminata. Br. Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl. v. I. p. 
326. Sprcng. Syst. Veget. v. 3. p. 715. 



This is the fifth species of the singular Australian Genus 
1 tekostylis, which vvc have had the privilege of figuring in 

the 



the Botanical Magazine from the Royal Gardens at Kew, 
by the obliging attentions of Mr. Aiton. It was intro- 
duced by Mr. Allan Cunningham, from the neighbour- 
hood of Port Jackson, in 1827, and our drawing was made 
there in April of last year, 1834. The flower is so large in 
proportion to the size of the plant, as to render this one ot 
the most striking of the species yet known in cultivation. 

Descr .Roof, two small tubers at the end of a branching 

fibre. Leaves few, three to four, radical, oblong- ovate, 

waved at the margin, reticulate. Scape a span high, m 

native specimens bearing only ouebractea, m our plant, as 

in the cultivated state of P. concinna, three or four, close y 

embracing the scape. Floicers solitary, terminal, nearly 

erect, but much curved, large, greenish-white. Galea much 

acuminated. Lower sepal with two acuminated, divaricating 

segments, about as long as the galea. Labellum l ineai '' 

oblong, acuminated, bearing at its base a pedicellated tutt 

of glandular hairs (the appendage). Column scarcely so 

long as the lip : its wings small, white, with two setiform 

appendages at the top. 



Fig. 1. Front view of a Flower. 2. Back view of ditto. 3. Side view 
of the Labellum and Column. 4. Front view of the. Column. 5. 13acK 
view of the Labellum : nat. size. 




-/,,- tm 



( 3402 ) 

Zygopetalum Mackaii ; /3 crinitum. Mr. 
Mackay's Zygopetalum; hairy-lipped var. 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Old. — Orchide^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium explanation., sepalis petalisque adscendenti- 
bus, subasqualibus, cum ungue producto columnar connatis. 
Labellum muticum, indivisum,, patens, ungue ascendente : 
crista magna transversa carnosa. Columna brevis, arcuata, 
semiteres. Anthera subbilocularis. Pollinia 2, biparti- 
bilia, in glandulam transversam subsessilia. — Ilerbae ter- 
restres ( ? ), subacaules ; foliis plicatis patentibus. Flores 
speciosi, labello cteruleo. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Zygopetalum Mackaii; foliis lorato-lanceolatis striatis a- 
pice recurvis racemo brevioribus, sepalis petalisque 
oblongo-lanceolatis acutis, labello obcordato pubes- 
cente callo baseos crassissimo retrorsum bilobo. Lindl. 

Zygopetalum Mackaii. Hook. Bot. Mag. t. 2748. Lodd. 
Bot. Cab. t. 1664. Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orchid, p. 187. 

Eulophia Mackaiana. Lindl. Bot. Reg. t. 1433. 

(3.) crinitum, venis labelli magis pilosis. Lindl. Gen. et 
Sp. Orchid, p. 187. (Tab. nostr. tab. 3402.) 

Zygopetalum crinitum. Lodd. Bot. Cab. t. 1687. 



At 

TALUM 



tab. 2748 we gave a full description of our Zygope- 
"^i,i Mackaii. Like many other of the splendid tropical 
Orchideai, this seems liable to considerable variation, and 
jroong other kinds cultivated in the rich collection at 
Wentworth, Mr. Cooper pointed out to me the present, 

flowering 



VOL. IX. 



I. 



flowering in great perfection, in October, 1834. It is a 
native of Brazil, and appears identical with the Z. crinitum 
of Mr. Loddiges, which Professor Lindley has, 1 think with 
justice, considered a variety of Z. Mackaii. Indeed the 
Eulophia Mackaiana of the Bot. Register (t. 1433) appears 
to be intermediate between the true Z. Mackaii and our 
present plant ; which latter is distinguished from both those 
just mentioned by the more acute anther-case, by the entire 
(not emarginate) lip, conspicuously hairy at the base, and 
marked with purplish-red interrupted and nearly parallel 
lines. Professor Lindley considers the species of this Genus 
to be Cf terrestrial," to us they appear to be epiphytes. 



Fig. 1. Front view of the Column, terminated by the Anther. 2. Apex 
of the Column, from which the Anther-case is removed, as represented, as 
seen on the underside, fig. 3. 4. Side view of the Lip : slightly magnified. 



•VHi.">. 




/'lit- fir SCrif-tir (r/,/;r>,„;;<,/ A'.i-.wMs- //■>■•> 



( 3403 ) 
Neottia calcarata. Spurred Neottia. 

********************** 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cor. ringens : petalis exterioribus anticis labello imberbi 
suppositis; interioribus conniventibus. Columna aptera. 
Pollen farinaceum. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Neottia calcarata; labello acuminata denticulato basi 
deeurrente, cornu apice libero tereti-subulato curvo, 
petalis lanceolato-acuminatissimis, foliis ellipticis acu- 
tis longe petiolatis. 

Neottia calcarata. Sw. Fl. Ind. Occ. v. 3. p. 1413. 

Stenorrhynchos calcaratum. " Rich." Spreng. Si/st. Veget. 
v. 3. p. 710. 



From the rich collection of Charles Horsfield, Esq. of 
Liverpool, where it was introduced from Jamaica. Swartz 
describes it as a native of St. Domingo : so that it is pro- 
bably to be met with in several of the West Indian Islands ; 
yet no author seems to have been acquainted with it except 
Swartz. 

Descr. Leaves three or four, all arising from a few 
large, brownish, oblong scales on the top of the root ; three 
or four inches in length, elliptical, slightly waved, very 
acute, about three-nerved, of a deep yellowish-green on the 
upper side, with a peculiarly satiny lustre, beneath paler 
and somewhat glaucous; the base tapers into a stout 
petiole, about equal in length with the blade of the leaf. 
Scape eight or ten inches high, pale, reddish, terete, bear- 
wg three or four sheathing, acuminated, pale green brac- 

teas, 



teas, and at the extremity, a spike of six to seven distantly - 
placed, pale, yellowish-green flowers. Petals linear and 
very much acuminated, the three outer spreading, the two 
inner combined with the upper one and forming a galea. 
Lip long, much acuminated and reflexed, serrated or denti- 
culate at the margin, the lower half entire, canaliculated, 
the base running down so as to form a lengthened spur, of 
which the lower part only is combined with the germen, 
the rest free, tereti-subulate, curved ; about as long as the 
germen. Column short. Stigma with a long, linear apex. 
Anther acuminated, the cells yellow. Bracteas subulato- 
lanceolate, acuminate. 



Fig. 1. Bracteffi and Flower from which the Petals are removed, showing 
the Spur, Column, and Lip : magnified. 





















3404. 




Ptd-tf S. />//■//.<•/■'/„. -,w,v,/ A'.i-.i-.-t lf.i\ //•»• 



( 3404 ) 

GOLDFUSSIA ANISOPHYLLA. UNEQUAL-LEAVED 
GOLDFUSSIA. 

Class and Order. 

DlDYNAMIA ANGIOSPERMIA. 

( Nat. Old. Acanthace^. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-partitus, subeequalis. Corolla infimdibuliformis, 
limbo quinquefido obtuso asquali. Stamina inclusa, didy- 
nama, humiliora saepe brevissima reflexa. Antherce mutan- 
tes; locelli in connectivo uncinato glanduloso obliqui, 
ovati, membranacei. Stigma simplex, subulatum, altera 
latere crenatum. Capsula sexangularis, bivalvis, a dissepi- 
mento solubilis, loculis infernis dispermis. Semina discoi- 
dea, retinaculis subtensa. — Inflorescentia : flores pauci in 
capitulo, bibracteolati, bracteis deciduis ; rarius spicati, spica 
post delapsas bracteas magis elongati. Capitula peduncu- 
lata, pedunculo simplici vel diviso. Frut\ces,jbliis penniner- 
viis curvinerviis, nervis omnibus apicem patentibus, nee vero 
attingentibus. Nees. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Goldfussia* anisophylla ; foliis oblongis caudato-acumina- 

tis, opposito mini mo. Nees. 
Goldfussia anisophylla. Nees, in PL Asiat. Rar. v. 3. p. 88. 
Ruellia anisophylla. Hort. Bot. Calc. Hook. Ex. Ft. t. 

191. Wall Cat. n. 2349. a. b. Spreng. Syst. Veget. 

cur. post. p. 236. 

This beautiful plant was found by Francis de Sylva, at 
Silhetj and through Dr. Wallich introduced to European 

gardens, 



* Named by Dr. Nees von Esenbeck, in honour of Dr. Goldfuss, 
Professor of Nat. History at Bonn upon the Rhine. 



gardens, where it is a great ornament to our stoves, flow- 
ering during the winter and spring months. The flowers 
are handsome, but in a measure concealed by the distichous 
foliage, under which they seem to insinuate themselves, 
though they originate in the upper axis of the leaf. The 
leaves themselves have a striking peculiarity in exhibiting 
the costa and nerves prominent on the upper side of the 
leaf, and sunk into the substance of the leaf (the costa ex- 
cepted, which is slightly prominent) on the under side. On 
each side of the nerve, however, on the upper side, the pa- 
renchyme forms a closely-placed elevated line. 

Descr. Plant one and a half to two feet high, much 
branched, glabrous; branches zigzag, patent or even, re- 
curved, compressed, slightly winged. Leaves distichous, 
opposite, though appearing alternate by the abortion of 
one of every pair alternately, broadly lanceolate, acumi- 
nato-caudate, serrated, above dark-green, with prominent 
nerves, beneath pale, with sunken nerves : when held be- 
tween the eye and the light, copious small pellucid lines, 
generally lying in a transverse direction, are visible. Petiole 
short, flat above, keeled below, slightly winged at the mar- 
gin. Abortive leaf very small, lanceolate, acuminate, with 
an obscure central nerve, sometimes altogether wanting. 
Peduncles axillary, but inclined downwards, so that they 
are in a measure concealed under the spreading leaves and 
branches. Peduncles from the axil of the fully-formed leaf; 
rarely one arises from the opposite side also ; an inch or an 
inch and a half long, bearing a terminal, sessile glomerule, 
and sometimes one or two lateral ones of two to three flow- 
ers, and these subtended by about as many small bracteas. 
Cali/xvery small, of five deep linear-lanceolate, erect, equal, 
pale yellow-green, erect, segments, clothed with glandular 
hairs. Corolla funnel-shaped, the throat slightly compressed, 
the limb a little irregular, within hairy, the whole purplish- 
blue, prettily variegated and veined with pale marks of the 
same colour, and red and yellow. Anthers and filaments 
white. Style clavato-acuminate. 



( 3405 ) 

Chilodia scutellarioides. Scutellaria- 
like Chilodia. 

*********************** 

Class and Order. 

DlDYNAMIA GYMNOSPERMIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Labiate. ) 
Generic Character. 

Calyx campanulatus, tubo brevi 13-striato, bilabiatus, 
labio superiore integerrimo, inferiore emarginato, fauce in- 
tus nuda. Corolla tubo amplo brevi, limbo campnnulato- 
subbilabiato, labio superiore erecto subplano emargiuato- 
bifido, inferiore trifido, lobo medio majote bifido, (aut emar- 
ginato,) omnibus planis, patentibus. Stamina 4, subaequalia, 
tubo breviora. Filamenta glabra nuda. Anther a bilocu- 
lares, loculis parallelis glabris nudis muticis. Stylus apice 
breviter bifidus, lobis subaequalibus, apice stigmatiferis — 
Frutex habitu Prostantherae. Benth. 

Specific Name and Synonyms. 

Chilodia* scutellarioides. Brown, Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl. v. 

I. p. 507. Spreng. Syst. Veget. v. 2. p. 703. Benth. 

Gen. et Spec. Labiat. p. 447. Loud. Hort. Brit. 

Suppl. p. 585. 
Chilodia austral is. Loud. Hort. Brit. Suppl. p. 585. 
Prostanthera empetrifolia. Sieb. Herb. Nov. Holl. n. 187. 

fide exempl. in Herb. D. Lambert. 

The Labiate hitherto observed in New Holland, consist of nineteen 
genera; and while some of them, as Salvia and Teucrium, (abounding 
>n species, and occupying an extensive geographic range in other por- 
tions of the globe,) are barely represented in that vast country, and 
Prunella and Lycopus, furnishing each a solitary species in New 

South 



* From x&*s, a lip, and £&;, a tooth; the lower lip of the calyx being di- 
vided ; in which respect it differs from Prostanthera. of Labillar- 
[HBjbb, the little-known Cryphia of Mr. Brown, and the Linnean Genus 
Scutellaria, to all which it is very closely allied. 



South Wales, which appear, under some modification by climate, iden- 
tical with the common British individuals of those genera; others, 
forming a very remarkable and well-defined section of the order, are 
absolutely limited to Australia, where their numbers, now amounting to 
nearly fifty species, present, both in structure and habit, another exam- 
ple of those peculiar forms of Australian vegetation, to which we have 
so frequently taken occasion to advert. 

To this latter groupe of Genera — the Prostanthere.e of Mr. Ben- 
tham — belong Westringia and Ciiilodia, the Genus of our present 
plant ; of the former we have afforded some illustration, in folios 3307 
and 3303 of this work, and for the opportunity now afforded us of giv- 
ing a figure of the latter, we are again indebted to the liberality of Mr. 
Aiton. 

Chilodia was founded by Mr. Brown, on the form of the calyx, 
which is similar to that of Scutellaria in its earlier state, but it dif- 
fers from that Linnean Genus, in its lower lip being emarginate, or even 
more or less bifid, and in the presence of bractese near its base ; and on 
the structure of the anthers, which are not furnished with spur-like 
appendages as in Prostanthera, a Genus with which, however, it 
perfectly accords, in the form of the corolla, and in habit. 

A shrub of New South Wales, of rare occurrence in that colony ; in- 
habiting barren forests in the vicinity of the Nepean River, whence 
seeds were communicated to Kew Gardens, in 1828. 

Forming a handsome hardy greenhouse plant, and flowering freely at 
various seasons, it has proved itself an interesting acquisition to our 
collections. It is not, however, easy of propagation ; for it has hitherto 
ripened its seeds very sparingly, and cuttings do not readily strike root. 

Descr. A shrub, in its wild state, from two to three feet high, very 
erect, with numerous, long, upright, slender branches, more or less stri- 
gose ; under cultivation, of more diffuse and bushy growth ; the branch- 
lets opposite, terete, interspersed sparingly with hairs. Leaves oppo- 
site, half an inch in length, erect-patent, inserted remotely on the branch, 
subsessile, linear, or linear-lanceolate, acute, apex often curved, margin 
subrevolute, smooth, and dark-green above, whitish on the under side. 
Flowers solitary, upon peduncles half the length of the leaf, axillary, 
violet-blue. Peduncle with two linear, subulate bracteas near the apex. 
Calyx campanulate, tube short, longitudinally striated, smooth, having 
minute, crystalline bodies interspersed on the surface, bilabiate ; upper 
lip entire, bent upwards, margin smooth, base arched, villous ; lower lip 
emarginate, or bifid, margin finely ciliated. Tube of the corolla short, 
inflated, a little longer than the calyx; limb campanulate-bilabiate, 
slightly pubescent on the outside; upper lip bifid, reflexed; lower lip 
divided into three lobes, spreading, the middle segment somewhat larger, 
refuse, and occasionally emarginate. Stamens four, nearly of the same 
length, purple, inserted almost at the base of the tube of the flower, and 
about half its length. Filaments short, smooth ; anthers two-celled, 
brown ; cells parallel, smooth, ecalcarate, or without spur-like processes. 
Style exserted. Stigma bifid, lobes unequal. Germen four-lobed. 
All. Cunningham. 



Fig. 1. Side-view, and fig. 2 front-view of the Calyx. 3 and 4 Corolla. 
5. Corolla laid open to show the Stamens. 



.".mii. 




( 3406 ) 

Saxifraga ligulata. Fringe-leaved 
Saxifrage. 

********************* 

Class and Order. 
Decandria Digynia. 

( Nat. Ord.-— Saxifrages. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cat. 5-sepalus, sepalis plus minus inter se et saepe cum 
ovario coalitis. Petala 5 rariter irregularia, breviter ungui- 
culata integra. Stamina 10, 5 sepalis, 5 petalis opposita ; 
antherce biloculares. Capsula calyci adnata vel libera; 
carpella 2 saepe usque ad stylum coalita. Semina numerosa 
rugosa vel laevia, in pluribus seriebus disposita. — Herbae pe- 
rennes vel annuce. — Flores scepiiis paniculati, vel corymbosi, 
abortu solitarii. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Saxifraga ligulata; acaulis, foliis petiolatis coriaceis late 

obovatis retusis ciliatis, scapo brevi parce bracteato, 

panici i la cymosa. 
Saxifraga ligulata. Wall, in Asiat. Res. v. 13. p. 398, icith 

a figure. Don, in Linn. Trans, v. 13. p. 348. Hook. 

Ex. Fl. v. 1. t. 49. Sw. Brit. Fl. Gard. t. 59. Be 

Cand. Prodr. v. 4. p. 38. 
Megasea ? ciliata. Haw. Enum. Sax. p. 7. 



When this charming plant was first introduced to this 
country from Nepal by Dr. Wallich, great hopes were en- 
tertained that it would prove as easy of cultivation in our 
°peu borders as the nearly allied S. crassifolia. But the 
great fickleness of our climate at the early season of its 
blossoming (January and February), renders it desirable 
Jhat it should be treated as a hardy greenhouse plant, or 
^e inmate of a cool frame. 

Descr. 



Descr. Root thick and woody, bearing several large 
spreading, bright-green, broadly ovate leaves, beautifully 
ciliated at the margin, and frequently waved there also. 
The petiole is short, thick, bearing a long, erect, ciliated 
sheath or ligule (whence the specific name) just above where 
it is set on to the stem. Scales five or six inches long, with 
one or two bracteas, and terminated by a cymose panicle of 
large, handsome, white flowers, frequently tinged with rose- 
colour. Calyx obtuse and red at the base, and greener 
upwards, and five-cleft. Corolla of five, obovate petals, 
with short claws. Stamens ten. Filaments erect, alter- 
nately shorter, rose-coloured. Anthers reddish-purple. 
Germen free. Styles long, erect. Stigmas obtuse. 



3407. 







( 3407 ) 
Epacris impressa. Foveolated Epacris. 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Epacride^. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cal. coloratus, multibracteatus, bracteis textura calycis. 
Cor. tubulosa, limbo imberbi. Stamina epipetala : Anthe- 
ris supra medium peltatis. Squamulce 5 hypogynae. Cap- 
sula placentis columnar centrali adnatis.-— Fruticuli ramosi, 
seepius glabri. Folia sparsa, petiolatav. basi simplici. Flo- 
res axillares, in spicam foliatam sapius digesti, albi v. pur- 
purascentes. Br. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Epacris impressa; floribus pendulis spieatis, foliis lanceo- 
latis sessilibus attenuato-acuminatis, peduncuhs calyce 
ter brevioribus, corollis cylindraceis, tubo calycem bis 
superante (Br.) basi foveolis 5 impresso. 

Epacris impressa. Labill. Nov. Holl. v. I. p. 43. *. 58. 
Br. Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl. p. 551. Roem. et Sch. v. 4. 
p. 381. Spreng. Syst. Veget. v. 1. p. 629. Sweet Fl. 
Austral, t. 4. Lodd. Bot. Cab. t. 1691. 



An elegant and graceful species of a beautiful Genus, 
remarkable for the large size and rich deep rose-colour of 
its pendent flowers. It is a native of Van Diemen's Land, 
as well as of the south coast of New Holland, and was in- 
troduced by Messrs. Mackay of Clapton, a few years since 
through their collector, Mr. Baxter. The plant from 
which our figure was taken, blossomed in the greenhouse of 
the Glasgow Botanic Garden, in February, 1835. 

Descr. Epacris impressa forms a shrub about three feet 
high, with erect, somewhat virgate branches, which are 

clothed 



clothed with a rather dense down. Leaves scattered, spread- 
ing horizontally or reflexed, lanceolate, gradually attenu- 
ated into a sharp and pungent point, the points often pur- 
ple, glabrous, dark-green above, paler beneath. Flowers 
in terminal, leafy spikes, drooping, rather large. Peduncle 
exceedingly short, and clothed with a few, ovate, acute, 
greenish scales, and partly concealing the calyx, erect, ap- 
pressed, of five, lanceolate, acuminated, ciliated leaves, in 
my specimen not one-third of the length of the corolla. 
Corolla beautiful rose-colour : the tube cylindrical, or nearly 
so ; near the base and alternating with the calycine leaves 
are five depressed spots or foveolae : the limb of five round- 
ish, but very acute segments. Anthers five, sessile, just 
within the mouth of the corolla. Germen globose, with 
five small adpressed glands or scales at the base. Style as 
long as the tube of the corolla, a little swollen below the 
middle. Stigma capitate, yellow. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Pistil -.—magnified. 



,3408. 







( 3408 ) 

Acacia prensans. Prickly feathered 

Acacia. 

7f> Vf? vjs* vf» Vf- Vf> Vt* Vf* vj* Vr MS Vr- vf- vf- VIS "/f- Vf> -r- <f> 

C7#ss awrf Order. 

PoLYGAMIA MONOSCIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Leguminos*;. ) 

Generic Character. 

Flores polygami. Cal. 4 — 5-dentatus. Pet. 4 — 5, nunc 
libera, nunc in corollam 4 — 5-fidam coalita. Stamina nu- 
mero varia. Legumen continuum. D C. 
(Sect. IV. § I.****) 

Specific Name and Character. 

Acacia prensans ; caule scandente rhachique foliorum acu- 
leatis; aculeis sparsis, recurvis : ramulis junioribus 
sulcatis, rhachibusque pedicellisque fulvo-velutinis : 
pinnis sub-7-jugis ; foliolis 16— 22jugis, oblongis 
acutis, inferne marginibusque pubescentibus, subcilia- 
tis, basi valde inaequalibus : petiolo infra medium 1- 
glanduloso ; glandulaque inter 2—4 ultima paria pin- 
narum, inferiore semper infra jugum posita : capitulis 
globosis, axillaribus, pedunculatis ; in paniculam 
laxam, elongatam, primo terminalem, basi foliatam 
dispositis. Lowe. 

An Acacia pinnate, De Cand. et alior. ? 

A most elegant and lovely shrub ; but a dangerous neigh- 
bour to other plants within its reach, and requiring much 
space for its display. It would be capable of being formed 
i»to an impenetrable fence, or might be advantageously 
employed to give additional security, if trained along a 
wall. The flowers are scentless, but singular and hand- 
some, from the strong contrast between the pale yellow 
bundles of stamens, and the dark dull mulberry-red of their 
Wterstices. In the bud the heads are altogether dark dull- 
re d; becoming yellower as the filaments expand. The 
native country of this Acacia must remain uncertain : a 

single 



single tree of it has long existed in the garden of the Vaile, near 
Funchal : but I can learn nothing of the exact date of its introduction, 
or of its origin. I am indebted to Miss Young for the beautiful and 
highly characteristic drawing. 

Descr. A climbing shrub, of extremely rapid and luxuriant growth, 
and remarkably elegant and delicate foliage. Stem erect and stout, but 
not thicker than the arm, covered with a dark-brown bark. Branches 
smooth, round, and ash-coloured below ; excessively elongated, climbing 
and clinging tenaciously to every thing within their reach by their co- 
pious small hooked prickles, of extraordinarily rapid growth, quickly 
reaching to the top of any lofty tree within their neighbourhood, which, if 
unchecked, they soon, by their luxuriance, completely over-run : sulcated 
towards the ends, which, with all other parts of the plant, while young, 
are densely but minutely pubescent, or rather velvety, and of a rich 
tawny, or golden ferruginous colour. Leaves very beautiful and feathery, 
bright- green, subdeflexed, five or six inches long. Petioles an inch 
long, with a sugary gland below the middle, velvety or downy like the 
rachides, which have from two to four similar glands between, the ulti- 
mate pairs of pinna; ; the lowest, however, placed always a little below 
the origin of the pinnae. The petioles are generally unarmed, but the 
rachides are prickly beneath. Leaflets from sixteen to twenty-two or 
thereabouts, and generally an odd one at the lower side of the base of each 
pinna ; narrow, almost linear, acute, very unequal at the base, or sub- 
dimidiate ; beneath and with the edges above pubescent ; two or three 
lines long, and scarcely more than half a line broad. Stipells minute, 
linear, at the origin of the pinnae. Stipules deciduous. Panicles six 
inches to a foot or more long, subcylindrical or thyrsiform, their mam 
stem prickly ; at first terminal, but their ends ultimately shoot out into 
a branch : Peduncles full an inch long, round, unarmed, covered with a 
fulvous or golden-brown tomentum, patent, divaricate, either singly or 
in bunches of from two or three to five or six from each axil. Bracteas 
ovate or lanceolate, deciduous, ferrugineo-pubescent. Heads globose, 
very dense and close. Flowers perfectly sessile, with minute, linear, 
short, hairy, deep dull-red or purplish bracteolas at their base, not visi- 
ble externally. Calyx pubescent, but shining, cylindrical, four to six- 
toothed ; the teeth short, half-ovate, often unequal in breadth, each two- 
nerved; base of calyx green; upper part and teeth of a deep dull 
purplish or mulberry-juice-red. Petals four to six, but their number 
does not uniformly correspond with that of the sepals ; pale-green, with 
whitish edges, and the tip purplish-red; quite smooth, oblong, acute, 
generally more or less, cohering by the edges, very little longer than the 
calyx. Stamens very numerous and dense ; not spreading, but forming 
close thick bundles, between which appears the dull-red colour of the 
calyces, contrasting peculiarly with their pale-yellow hue. Filaments 
rather short, smooth, nearly white. Anthers small, globose, pale-yellow. 
Style smooth, nearly white, a little longer than the stamens ; with a 
simple stigma. Ovary minute, green, angular, oblong, slightly hairy, 
shortly stipitate ; containing about seven or eight ovules. Pods nev< 
perfected in Madeira. All the flowers, however, appear to be hermaph- 
rodite. Lowe. 

Fig. 1. A single Flower, with its minute bracteola at the base. 2. Ova 
rium and Style : — both magnified. 



340* 




~ w / I? 36 



( 3409 ) 

Randia Bowieana. Mr. Bowie's 
Randia. 

********************* 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Rubiace^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cah/cis tubus obovatus, limbus 5-lobus. Corolla hypo- 
crateriformis, tubo brevi, lobis calycinis in Sect. I. vix lon- 
giore, in Sect. II. duplo triplove longiore, limbo 5-partito. 
Antherce intra faucem sessiles inclusae. Stigmata 2, crassa. 
Bacca calyce coronata subsicca, corticosa, biloculans. Se- 
mina in quoque loculo plura, placentae centrali affixa, m 
pulpa nidulantia, aut deorsum imbricata aptera. Albumen 
cartilagineum. Embryo rectus, radicula tereti, cotyledom- 
bus orbiculatis planis — Arbusculae aut frutices ramosissimi. 
Spinae axillares opposite aut subverticillatce. Folia sessiha 
aut brevi-petiolata. Stipules utrinque solitaria, interdum 
evidenter e duabus concretisfactce. Flores ex axillis sapius 
solitarii subsessiles. Genu's qffine Posoqneriae, a qua dig- 
noscitur fructu vere biloculare. DC. 

Sect. II. Frutices inermes. Corolla tubus apice ad 
faucem scepius dilatatus obconicus.—An genus proprium ? 
DC 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Randia* Bowieana; inermis, fruticosa, glabra, foliis in ramos 
terminalibus obovato-oblougis acummatis brevi-petio- 
latis inembranaceis subtus venis obsolete pubescen- 
tibus, stipulis inembranaceis, noribus in ultima raitiu- 
loruin axilla terminalibus solitariis, corollac tubo Ion- 
gissimo, calycis lobis subfoliaceis spathulatis. 

Randia Bowieana. Allan Cunningham, MSS. 



* Named utter Isaac Rand, an English Apothecary. 
VOL. IX. F 



A handsome stove plant, discovered in the year 1815 by 
Mr. Allan Cunningham and Mr. Bowie the King's Bota- 
nical Collectors, in Brazil, and by them sent to the Royal 
Gardens at Kew. I am indebted to Mr. Aiton for the fine 
specimen here figured. The Genus must remain doubtful, 
until we have the opportunity of examining the fruit. Mr. 
Cunningham observes the ovary to have n two cells, and 
each cell to contain many ovules, which appear evidently 
to indicate that the seeds in the mature fruit are enveloped 
in a soft pulp ;" and he agrees with me in thinking that for 
the present, it is best referred to Randia. 

Descr. A shrub of slender habit, " destitute of spines 
(in cultivation), with opposite branches, and clothed with 
glabrous, brown bark : bearing the leaves at the extremity 
of long, straight shoots, so that they appear clustered. But 
however closely they are placed, they arc opposite, oblong, 
but broader upwards, acuminate, membranaceous, waved, 
situated on rather short stalks, glabrous every where except 
on the midrib and nerves beneath, where there is a slight 
degree of downiness from minute, appressed hairs. Sti- 
pules opposite, large, membranaceous, imbricated, oblong, 
and slightly acuminated. The flower is large, handsome, 
solitary, terminal upon a branch that has become axillary 
by innovations from beneath it. Calycine segments half 
an inch long, spreading, spathulate, somewhat leafy. Tube 
of the corolla very long, cylindrical, and green for the 
greater part of its length, moderately dilated and yellowish 
above, the limb spreading, or slightly recurved, of five large, 
obovate, yellow- b uff-colou red segments. Anthers linear, 
sessile, situated just at the mouth of the corolla. Style 
filiform, as long as the tube of the corolla ; Stigma large, 
clavate, yellow, exserted. 



* Apex of a Flowering Branch, with the lower part of a Flower. 2. Up- 
per part of the Corolla, laid open to show the Stigma and Anthers. 3. 
Anther: magnified. 



VJ.10. 




( 3410 ) 

Epidendrum? stenopetalum. Acute- 
petaled epidendrum. 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchideje. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala patentia, subaequalia. Petala sepalis asqualia, 
vel angustiora, rarius latiora, patentia vel reflexa. Label- 
lum cum marginibus columnar omnino vel parte connatum, 
limbo, integro vel diviso, disco saepius calloso, costato vel 
tuberculato ; nunc in calcar productum ovario aceretum et 
cuniculum formans. Columna elongata : clinandrio margi- 
nato, saepe fimbriato. Anther a carnosa, 2 — 4-locularis. Pol- 
linia 4, caudiculistotidem replicatis annexa. — Herbal (Ame- 
ricana) epiphytes, caule nunc apice vel basi pseudo-bulboso 
nunc elongato apice folioso. Folia carnosa rarissime venis 
elevatis striata. Plores spicati, racemosi, corymbosi, vel 
paniculati, terminales vel laterales. Lindl. 

Specific Name and Character. 

EPIDENDRUM stenopetalum ; caulibus erectis flexuosis arti- 
culatis striatis apice diphyllo, foliis lineari-oblongis 
obtusis coriaceis ; corymbo subumbellato sessili, sepa- 
lis petalisque ovatis acuminatis subaequalibus paten- 
tibus, labello patente libero obovato obtusissimo basi 
intus subtuberculoso, columna apice dentata. 

This very pretty Orchideous plant was received at the 
Glasgow Botanic Garden from Jamaica, by favor of Mr. 
Macfadyer, and flowered in that establishment in February 
and March of the present year, 1835. The plant is new to 
rotessor Lindley, but owing- to the imperfect state of the 
a »ther, we cannot refer it with certainty to the present 

Genus. 



Genus. If it be really an Epidendrum, as its habit would 
lead one to conclude, it is another species added to that 
small groupe of the Genus, with a column quite distinct 
from the lip, to which our E. bicornutum, t. 3332, belongs. 
The flowers continue for a considerable length of time in 
perfection. 

Descr. Root of rather thick, branched fibres, throwing 
up several erect, simple stems, ten inches or a foot high, 
flexuose, jointed, rounded and striated, a little tapering at 
the base and at the extremity, and partly sheathed by the 
bases of former years' leaves, and terminated at the extre- 
mity by two spreading, linear-oblong, coriaceous, very 
obtuse, smooth leaves, from two to three inches in length. 
From between these the flowers arise in a sort of corymb, 
having an umbellate appearance of from four to six in 
number, and nearly sessile. Peduncles scaly below. Flow- 
ers slightly curved. Sepals three, spreading, ovato-lan- 
ceolate, acuminate, petals also spreading, ovate acuminate, 
both of a delicate rose colour. Lip quite free, by no means 
adnate with the column, patent, obovate, very obtuse at the 
base, above having a square, yellowish-white, slightly tu- 
berculated disk, the rest of the lip is rose-coloured, with a 
dark red spot in the centre. Column short, deep rose- 
colour, keeled on the back, toothed at the apex, white 
beneath. Within a cavity, just below the apex, the anther 
is situated, but it seems to be in an imperfect state. 



Fig. 1. Lip and Column. 2. Lip. 3. Front view of the Column: magni- 
fied. 







S.Cwrtir- iH*zmm**A Aw.<iw l.ltSS- 



Sumn ■>'■' 



( 3411 ) 

Echinocactus Eyriesii. Sweet-scented 
Spiny Cactus. 

********************* 

Class and Order. 

ICOSANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

( Nat. Ord.— Cacte,e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala uumerosa, imbricata, basi ovarii adnata, in tubum 
brevissimum concreta, exteriora involucriformia, interna 
petaliformia. Stamina numerosa. Stylus filiformis, apice 
multifidus. Bacca sepalorum reliquiis subsquamata. Co- 
tyledones nulla ? — Prutices simplicissimi, carnosi, ovati aut 
globosi, melocactoidei, costati, aphylli, costis tuberculis con- 
jluentibus quasi for matis, dor so aculeorum fasciculos geren- 
tibus. Cephalium seu spadix nullus. Flores e fasciculis 
aculeorum ad apices costarum orti, similes Jloribus Cerei 
sed tubo vix ullo donati. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Echinocactus Eyriesii, caule subgloboso umbilicato, costis 
13 continuis aculeatis subundulatis, tuberculis lanatis 
spinas plures breves rigidas rectas gerentibus, flore 
bucciniforme curvato 6 uncias longo odoratissimo 
extus cinereo villoso, petalis acutissimis stellatis. 
Lindl. 

Echinocactus Eyriesii. " Otto in Verhandl. Preuss Gart. 
ver. c. ic." Lindl. Bot. Reg. t. 1707. 

The drawing of this charming Echinocactus, no less re- 
markable for the great size of the flower, than for its deli- 
cl ous fragrance, was made by Mr. Henry Curtis, the 
youngest son of the Conductor of this work, in whose 
choice collection, at Glazenwood, it flowered in Jan., 1835. 
1 "is noble flower, like that of Cereus grandiflorus, seems 

to 



to expand only at night. It is a native of Mexico, having 
been introduced to the Horticultural Society, according to 
Dr. Lindley, some years ago by Sir John Lubbock. 

Descr. Stem subglobose, depressed, and even umbili- 
cated at the top, about as large as a middling-sized orange, 
marked with several, twelve to fourteen, sharp and promi- 
nent angles, upon which arc several white, rounded, woolly 
tubercles, mixed with several short and not very conspicuous 
spines. The flower is exceedingly large in proportion to 
the size of the stem, and breaks forth from one of the an- 
gles, ascending. Tube a span long, funnel-shaped, greyish 
green, woolly, and marked with numerous tufts of oblong 
brown hairs; within green. Petals numerous, lanceolate, 
very acuminate, white, patent, often reflexed. Statncns 
numerous, rising a little above the tube of the flower, most 
numerous on one side: Anthers yellow. Style scarcely 
reaching to the. summit of the stamens. Stigma rayed. 





JuJ t, S Curtu StiLiMwaoJ f„.r 



( 3412 ) 

Cypripedium insigne. Large-flowered 
Lady's Slipper. 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Labellum ventricosum inflatum (nunc saccatum.) Co- 
lumna postice terminata lobo petaloideo (stamine sterili) 
antheras distinffuente. Petala duo antica saepe connata. 
Br. & ' 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Cypripedium insigne; acaule, foliis cartilagineis ligulatis 
scapo piloso dimidio brevioribus, perianthii lacinia su- 
periore fornicata emarginata, lateralibus obovatis sub- 
undulatis obtusis extus pubescentibus, inferiore labello 
venoso basi inflexo paulo longiore. Lindl. 

Cypripedium insigne. Wall. MSS. Lindl. Coll. Bot. t. 32. 
Hook. Ex. Ft. t. 34. Lodd. t. 1321. 

Of the most beautiful Genus Cypripedium, no species, 
perhaps, excels that here figured, whether the size of the 
blossom, or the colour and markings of the floral coverings 
he considered. It is a native of Nepal, along with its near 
affinity., C. venustum. Both were introduced to our gar- 
dens through the liberality of Dr. Wallich, and both are 
remarkable for their distichous and coriaceous leaves. The 
Individual here figured blossomed during the winter months, 
in Mr. Curtis's collection, at the Glazenwood Nursery, and 
the drawing was made by Miss Maria Curtis. 

Descr. Stem none. Leaves radical, few, and equitant 
at the base, broadly linear, coriaceous, distichous, keeled 
at the back, glabrous, of a yellow-green colour. Scape 
'erete, downy, curved at the extremity, and there bearing 

an 



an ovato-oblong, green, glabrous, remarkably compressed, 
striated spatha. Flowers solitary, very large, three to four 
inches across : the two outer segments of the perianth (the 
upper and lower, the lower being formed of two combined) 
broadly ovate, almost rotundate, the lower and smaller one 
of an uniform green, the upper green, except the extremity, 
which is white ; the whole, especially the disk, richly spot- 
ted with brown. The two inner and lateral segments 
spreading, oblong, broader towards the extremity, yellow - 
green, with purple striae, pale at the base. Lip large, sac- 
cate, rich greenish-brown without, yellow within. Column 
of fructification short, terminated by a large, obversely 
cordate, yellow, slightly convex lobe, glandular below, 
beset with minute red hairs above: beneath this, at the 
base, are two short, lateral processes or filaments, to the 
side of each of which is attached a single, sessile, two- 
lobed, orange-yellow anther ; its lobes rather unequal. 



3413. 




rlttzrnvfsJ /..'••■> 



\»v//' .'*' ' 



( 3413 ) 

Barosma crenulata. Crenulated 
Diosma, or Bucku. 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Rutace,e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 5-partitus, laciniis aequalibus. Petala oblonga, 
subsessilia. Filamenta 10 ; alterna sterilia petaliformia, 
staminibus breviora. Stylus petala aequans. Stigma aequale, 
obtusum. Bartl. et Wendl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Barosma* crenulata; stylo inferne villoso, foliis lanceolato- 

ovalibus obtusis crenulatis dorso incisurisque glandu- 

loso-punctatis, pedunculis axillaribus uni-trifloris. 
Barosma crenulata. Willd. Enum. Hort. Berol. Suppl. t. 

12. Roem. et Sch. Syst. Veget. v. 5. p. 448. 
Diosma crenulata. Linn. Amcen. Acad. v. 4. p. 308. 
Diosma crenata. Linn. Sp. PL p. 287. Thunb. Fl. Cap. 

ed. Schult. p. 227. Willd. Sp. PL v. I. p. 1138. (not 

Be Cand., nor Lodd. t. 404., nor JVoodv. Med. Bot. 

Suppl. t. 14.) 
Bucco crenata. Roem. et Sch. v. 5. p. 414. 
Parapetalifera odorata. Bartl. et Wend. Coll. I. p. 50. t. 

15. 
Diosma odorata. De Cand. Prodr. v. I. p. 714. 
Diosma serratifolia. Burch. Trav. inAfr.v. 1. p. VIS, figure 

(not Curt.) 
Diosma serratifolia. /3. Bartl. et Wendl. Diosm. p. 99 

(not a. J 
Diosma latifolia. Lodd. Bot. Cab. t. 290. (not of Linn, and 

scarcely Andr.J 



* From j3* f t, s , strong, and oap*, small, from the powerful scent of the 

There 



There are, perhaps, few plants, that have been long cul- 
tivated in our collections, which are less understood and 
which require more illustration by figures, than the various 
species of the old Genus Diosma of the Cape, and which 
now constitute a section of the Nat. Ord. Rutace^e, of which 
Messrs. Bartling and Wendland, in an excellent little 
work, entitled " Diosmeae Descriptae et Illustratae," (Gbet- 
tingen, 1824,) have constituted nine distinct Genera. The 
individual now figured is an old inhabitant of our green- 
houses, where it has gone under various names, such as 
Diosma crenata, D. latifolia, D. odorata, &c. Wendland 
figured it under the name of Parapetalifera odorata in his 
Colect. 1. t. 15, but he afterwards made it the var. (i. of 
Diosma serratifolia, Curt. Mag. p. 456, and has referred to 
the same var. the D. crenata, of Linn., Thunb., Willd., &c. 
But surely if it can be proved to be the D. crenulata (not 
crenata) of Linn. Amaen. Acad., that name ought to be 
adopted, in preference to any other : and Linn^us's descrip- 
tion does appear to me to be so characteristic, (" Rami ru- 
bentes. Folia glabra, lanceolata-ovalia, obtusa, petiolata 
subtus punctis adspersa, margin e obsolete serrata, puncto 
pellucido intra singulam senaturam," &c.) that, for my own 
part, 1 have no hesitation in preferring the name. My opi- 
nion is further strengthened by a remark of Sir J. E. Smith 
in Rees's Cyclopaedia, where he notices the great affinity of 
the D. serratifolia (a supposed Australian species) with the 
D. crenata of Linnaeus. Of the true D. serratifolia, I have 
only seen cultivated specimens; they have much longer, 
narrower, and acuminated leaves, marked with raised glands 
on the upper surface, as well observed by Mr. Curtis, and 
with three distinct nerves, as figured and described by Ven- 
tenat (Jardin de Malmaison, t. 77.) decidedly serrated 
leaves, and always pure white flowers : so that I have no 
hesitation in keeping these two distinct. The D. serratifo- 
lia of Burchell, (Travels, v. 1. p. 476, figure,) if the shape 
of the leaves be correct, I can have no hesitation in refer- 
ring to our crenulata; the valuable properties of which as 
an internal medicine, and as an outward application* for 

healing 



* A Hottentot being severely wounded by the bursting of a gun, his 
companions expressed so much faith in the powers of Bookoe-azyn (Bookoo 
Vinegar) as a wash to cleanse and heal the wound, that I allowed it to be 
used. Our small stock of this liquid soon failing, we had recourse to an in- 
fusion of the Diosma leaves in brandy, with which the injured part was 
washed night and morning for two or three weeks, the effect of this applica- 
tion 



healing lacerated flesh, are related by Mr. Burchell, in the 
same volume. Lastly, I may mention that the Bucku of 
our Pharmacopeias, which has lately obtained so much 
celebrity as a sudorific, diuretic, and tonic ; such at least 
as I have examined from the Glasgow Apothecary's Hall, 
undoubtedly belongs to the present species. Hence, though 
others of the Diosma groupe may contain similar properties, 
abounding as they all do in a strong aromatic odour, and 
glands filled with essential oil, yet by the Hottentots and 
those who gather Bucku for the European market, prefer- 
ence is given to our Barosma crenulata. The scent seems 
to me to be as powerful as that of any other of the tribe, 
but at the same time much more agreeable, and more re- 
sembling that of some Mints. Mr. Loddiges observes, that 
it is extremely difficult to propagate by cuttings, that seeds 
are never produced with us ; and that we are dependent for 
increase upon supplies which now and then reach us from 
its native country. The species is really a handsome one : 
the flowers which appear in early spring, continuing a long 
time in perfection, are purple in bud, of a delicate bluish 
colour when fully expanded. As in the Rue, the stamens 
are applied alternately to the stigma where the pollen is 
discharged. 

Descr. The plant from which our description and figure 
are taken, is an upright shrub, between two and three feet 
in height, with twiggy branches of a brownish-purple tinge. 
Leaves decussate, spreading, about an inch long, oval-lan- 
ceolate, on very short petioles, very obtuse, delicately and 
minutely crenated, quite glabrous, rigid, darkish -green, and 
quite smooth above, with a few very obscure oblique nerves, 
beneath paler, dotted with glands which are scarcely pellu- 
cid, while at every crenature is a conspicuous pellucid gland ; 
there is also a narrow, pellucid margin round the whole leaf. 
Peduncles about as long as the leaf, axillary and terminal, 
chiefly from the superior leaves, single-flowered, often (but 
not always) bearing a pair of small opposite leaves, or 
wacteas, above the middle, each of which in my native spe- 
cimens sometimes bears a flower in its axil. Beneath the 
calyx are two or three pairs of small imbricated bracteas. 

Calyx 



u °n being very satisfactory. This Bookoe, or Buchu-azyn, is made by 
simply putting the leaves of Diosma serratifolia, or some other species of 
t| e same Genus, into a bottle of cold vinegar, and leaving them to steep ; 
f «! vinegar being esteemed in proportion to the time during which the in- 
U3lon ilas been made, and sometimes turning to a mucilage. 



Calyx of five ovato-acuminate leaflets, green, tinged with 
purple. Corolla of five ovate petals, purple in bud, blush- 
coloured when fully expanded. Stamens five, at first erect, 
then recurved, about as long as the petals. Filaments 
slightly villous. Anthers oblong. Barren filaments five, 
lanceolate, white, rather villous, tipped with a gland, the 
lower part erect, the upper half spreading. Hypogynous 
disk, an annular, dark-green gland. Germen very short, 
abortive (?) crowned with five lanceolate, fleshy, slightly 
spreading appendages. Style filiform, curved : Stigma mi- 
nute. 



Fig. 1. Peduncle and Flower, from which the Petals have been removed. 
2. Pistil and hypogynous disk : — magnified. 



( 3414 ) 

Pk inula Palinuri. Palinurian 
Primrose. 

******************* 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Primulace^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 5-dentatus. Corolla hypocrateriformis, tubo cy- 
lindraceo, ore nudo. Stigma capitatum. Capsula unilo- 
cularis, decem-dentata. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Primula Palinuri ; subcaulescens, foliis obovato-spathula- 
tis dentatis glabris, scapo laterali foliis longiore, 
umbella subnutaute, involucro inaequali pedunculos 
aequante, corolla; limbo marline incurvo. 

Primula Palinuri. Jacq. Eclog. p. 63. t. 43. Tenore, Fl. 
Neap. t. 14. Lehm. Prim. p. 43. Spreng. Syst. Veget. 
v. 1. p. 575. Hooker, Ex. FL t. 118. 



We have chosen a small-sized plant of the Primula 
Palinuri as best suited to the size of our page. In some of 
the individuals cultivated by Mr. Murray in the Glasgow 
Botanic Garden, the foliage is thrice the size of that here 
represented, and has a most striking resemblance, as Pro- 
fessor Lehmann has well observed, to that of a luxuriant 
plant of Sempervivum arboreum. This circumstance, to- 
gether with the bright yellow corollas, almost pure white, 
m ealy calyces, pedicel, and involucre, and the season of its 
blossoming (March) render it a most desirable acquisition. 
The fragrance too, similar to that of the Cowslip, but more 
powerful, is another recommendation. It is a native of 
palinuri near Salerno, in the Neapolitan dominions ; and in 
the more Southern parts of Britain it appears that it may be 
cultivated in the open border. 

Descr. 



Descr. Perennial. There is an evident stem, rising two 
or three inches above ground, marked with the scars of the 
fallen leaves, the perfect leaves forming a spreading crown 
to the summit. These are, in our plants, from four to six or 
eight inches in length, obovato - spathulate, irregularly 
toothed at the margin, except in the lower half, quite gla- 
brous and naked (not mealy), obscurely veined, and of an 
uniform pale green colour. Scape from among the lower 
leaves, and longer than they, rounded, glabrous, bearing a 
somewhat drooping Umbel. Involucre, pedicels, and caly- 
ces densely covered with a white, mealy, or powdery sub- 
stance, in which the fragrance appears to reside. Corolla 
full yellow, infundibuliform, the segments nearly erect, their 
margins incurved. Stamens included. Germen globose : 
Style filiform, as long as the tube. Stigma capitate, glan- 
dular. 






M 



3415. 




( 3415 ) 

Craspedia macrocephala. Large-headed 

Craspedia. 

Class and Order. 
Syngenesia Segregata. 

( Nat. Ord. — Composite. Sub-tribe Gnaphalie<e. 
I. Craspedia?. Less. ) 

Generic Character. 

Capitulum compositum, subglobosum. Involucrum im- 
bricatum, polyphyllum. Involucella subpentaphylla, folio- 
lis membranaceis uniserialibus. Capitula partialia subquin- 
queflora, flosulis infundibuliformibus. Pappus uniserialis 
plumosus. — Herbae Australasica?, simplices, monocephalce ; 
foliis lineari-oblongis, inferioribus spathulatis. 

Specific Character. 
Craspedia* macrocephala ; foliis latis strigoso-hirsutis. 

This very interesting plant was raised by Mr. Curtis,, at 
bis extensive nursery-ground, Glazenwood, in the summer 
of last year, from seeds brought by Dr. Wilson from Van 
Diem en's Land. " They were gathered/' Mr. Curtis 
observes, " by Mr. William Davidson, the Curator of 
the Hobart Town Botanic Garden, on Mount Welling- 
ton, at an elevation of three thousand feet above the 
level of the sea. The plant flourishes with me in a com- 
mon pit, but I expect it will prove quite hardy, though 
I do not venture to remove it to the border during winter. 
The appearance of the foliage is similar to that of Ammo- 
b ium alatum, but of a more bluish green, and the smell of 
*he flowers resembles that of honey-comb, or of the Bud- 
d lea globosa." 

The 



From xpcco-TrtSo*, a fringe, in allusion, probably, to the appearance of the 



The recent plant I have not had the opportunity of see- 
ing : but from the accurate drawing made by Mr. William 
Curtis, and with the assistance of native dried specimens 
in my possession, gathered by the late Mr. Lawrence, on 
the summits of the western mountains of Van Diemen's 
Land, I am able to draw up the following character. 

Descr. Root perennial. Stem eighteen inches or more 
high, simple, terminated by a single, large head of flowers, 
and, as well as the foliage, of a bluish or glaucous colour, 
and clothed with appressed rather silky hairs. Leaves ob- 
long, alternate, gradually smaller upwards, the lower and 
root-leaves much the longest, and broader upwards, so as 
to be spathulate. Capitulum nearly globose, dirty yellow- 
ish-white. Involucre of several imbricated, ovate or obo- 
vate leaflets, margined with brown, as are some of the upper 
leaves. The head of flowers itself, if carefully examined, 
will be seen to be made up of numerous compact smaller 
or partial capitula, each of about five flowers, and sur- 
rounded by about five lanceolate membranaceous scales of 
a partial involucre. Of the florets some appear to be 
neuter, others perfect. Corollas infundibuliform, the tube 
remarkably slender. Germen slender and filiform in the 
abortive florets, obovate, compressed and silky in the fertile 
ones. Pappus of about fourteen setae, which are beauti- 
fully plumose. 



Fig. 1. Partial Capitulum with its Involucre. 2. Single Floret, with one 
of the Scales of the Involucre : — magnified. 



( 3416 ) 

Vanda Roxburghi ; var. unicolor. Dr. 
Roxburgh's Vanda ; whole-coloured var. 

************************** 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide,e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthlum explanatum, patens, petalis sepalisque sub- 
aequalibus. Labellum saccatum, v. obconico-calcaratum, 
cum basi columns continuum, subtrilobum : lobo medio 
carnoso. Columna crassa, libera, abbreviata, rostello ob- 
tuso. Anthera bilocularis. Pollinia 2, oblique biloba, 
caudicula lineari, glandula subrotunda — Herbae epiphyte, 
caulescentes. Folia disticha, coriacea. Spicae oppositifolte. 
Flores speciosi. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Vanda* Roxburghi; foliis apice oblique tridentatis, racemis 
erectis foliis longioribus, sepalis petalisque oblongo- 
obovatis undulatis obtusis, labelli lobo medio ovato 
emarginato. Lindl. 

(«.) tessellata; sepalis petalisque tessellatis. 

Vanda Roxburghi. Br. in Bot. Reg. t. 506. Sims in Bot. 
Mag. 2245. 

Cymbidium tesselloides. Roxb. Fl. Ind. ined. 

Vanda. Sir W. Jones in Asiat. Res. v. 4. p. 302. 

(3.) unicolor; sepalis petalisque unicoloribus. (Tab. nostr. 
3416). 

, This singular-looking Orchideous plant, kindly commu- 
nicated from the rich collection of Lord Fitzwilliam at 



* Vanda is the Hindoo name, according to Sir William Jones, of this, 
the original species. 

Wentworth, 
vol. IX. r; 



Wentworth, by Mr. Cooper, has an aspect so different from 
the Vanda' Roxburgh! of the Bot. Reg. and Magazine 
above quoted, that notwithstanding it was communicated 
by Mr. Loddiges to Mr. Cooper under that name, I could 
not at first bring myself to consider it other than a distinct 
species, and Mr. Cooper seems himself inclined to the same 
opinion. But upon a careful examination and comparison 
it will be seen that, independent of the luxurious state of 
our plant, so characteristic of all the epiphytes cultivated 
at Wentworth, the difference chiefly depends upon the co- 
lour of the upper side of the sepals and petals, of a greener 
hue, and distinctly tessellated, like the flowers of the com- 
mon Fritillary; whereas, in our plant, this part is of an 
uniform glossy, chestnut-brown colour. The lip, at least 
the large middle lobe, is tinged of the same colour instead 
of being purple, as in the original V. Roxburghi. 

The plant from which this drawing was made, has at- 
tained a height of five feet, bearing several lateral branches 
and throwing out many tortuous roots. 



Fig. 1. Side view of the Column and Lip. 2. Front view of the same. 
-Magnified. 



( 3417 ) 

Stypandra propinqua. Slender, azure- 
flowered Stypandra. 

Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — AsPHODELEiE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium 6-partitum, aequale, patens, deciduum. Sta- 
mina 6. Filamenta infra attenuata, curvata, glabra, supra 
stuposo-barbata. Antherce basi emarginatae inserts. Ova- 
rium loculis polyspermis. Stylus filiformis. Stigma sim- 
plex. Capsula 3-locularis, 3-valvis. Semina pauca, ovalia, 
laevia uinbilico nudo. Embryo rectus. Br. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Stypandra* propinqua; glaucescens, foliis omnibus dis- 
tinctis remotiusculis strictis plus minusve aversis : ba- 
seos marginibus aequaliter rectis. 

Stypandra propinqua. All. Cunn. MSS. 

A handsome plant, differing' from S. glauca of Mr. Brown, 
to which it is very closely allied, in being altogether of more 
slender habit, with narrower leaves, of which the upper 
surface is as frequently presented to the stem of the plant, 
as turned from it, both margins at the base being alike 
straight, and not as in S. glauca, where one edge, above 
the sheathing of the leaf, is uniformly bent back. It is si 
native of the interior of New South Wales, and was origi- 
nally detected in 1822, growing in large tufts among sand- 
stone rocks, in the broken country on the north of the set- 
tlement of Bathurst. 

From 



* From 9 nwn t Um, and a„ P> amale, so named from the dense tuft of bun 
a * the upper part of the filament. 



From seeds, gathered at the period of its discovery, it 
was raised in Kew Gardens, where it has ever since been 
an inmate ; but, under whatever culture, has not shown it- 
self a plant of free growth. 

It appears to succeed best in a dry, warm part of the 
greenhouse, where it annually puts forth its pretty azure 
blossoms in the spring. The plant has not hitherto ripened 
its seeds in this country, but may be increased by cuttings. 
Descr. A tufted, smooth, subglaucescent, perennial plant, 
throwing up from the roots, many slender, slightly-com- 
pressed reclining stems, which are clothed with the sheath- 
ing bases of the leaves. Leaves wholly caulinc, distinct, 
alternate, four inches long and under, erect-patent, disti- 
chous, the upper pagina more or less opposed to the stem, 
or but slightly turned from it ; carinate, striated with many 
longitudinal lines, sheathing at the base, where the mem- 
branaceous margins are equal and simple. Flowers of a 
bright azure, terminal, formed into a corymbose panicle, 
each corymb few-flowered, sheathed at the base by a folia- 
ceous, acuminated bracte. Pedicels ebracteated, nodding, 
simple, dichotomous, or umbellate. Perianth six-partite, 
nearly equal, each segment ovate, acute, five-nerved. Sta- 
mens six, hypogynous, erect, of a bright yellow. Filaments 
smooth, attenuated, curved ; the upper portion thickened 
into a bearded or stupose tuft. Anthers bilocular, bursting 
longitudinally, and after dehiscence revolute, curved at the 
apex ; base emarginate, at which point they are attached 
to the filaments. Stigma subcapitate. All. Cunningham. 



3fl8 







( 3418 ) 

Dendrobium densiflorum. Many-flow- 
ered Dendrobium. 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala membranacea, erecta v. patentia, lateralibus ma- 
joribus obliquis cum basi producta columns connatis. Pe- 
tala sepalo supremo saepius majora, nunc minora, semper 
membranacea. Labellum cum pede columnar articulatum 
v. connatum, semper sessile, indivisum v. trilobum, saepius 
membranaceum, nunc appendiculatum. Columna semiteres 
basi longe producta. Anthera bilocularis. Pollinia 4, per 
paria collateralia. — Herbae epiphytm, nunc caulescentes,nunc 
rhizomate repente pseudo-bulbij'ero. Folia plana, scepiiis 
venosa. Flores solitarii fasciculati, v. racemosi, speciosi. 
Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Dendrobium densiflorum; caulibus articulatis clavatis pen- 
dulis apice foliosis, foliis oblongis acutis nervosis, race- 
mis lateralibus multifloris foliis longioribus : junioribus 
strobiliformibus, bracteis oblongis piicatis recurvis pe- 
dicellis longioribus, sepalis patentissimis ovatisobtusis, 
petalis contbrmibus majoribus, labello majore rhom- 
boideo unguiculato serrulato retuso. Lindl. 

Dendrobium densiflorum. Wall. Cat. n. 2000. Lindl. in 
Wall. PI. As. Rar. n. 40. Gen. et. Sp. Orchid. P. 1. 
p. 90. 



Early in the month of March of the present year, I had 
the pleasure to receive this very handsome Orchideous plant 
from the Lord Fitzwilliam's collection at Weutwoith. by 

the 



the kindness of Mr. Cooper. This indefatigable and most 
successful cultivator of Orchidece observes, that he received 
it through the liberality of the Horticultural Society, to 
whom it was sent by Dr. Wallich. According to that 
gentleman's account, in the place above quoted, the plant 
is an inhabitant of Nepaul, where it flowers during the 
rainy seasons. If we may judge from the specimen figured 
in Wallich's "Icones," Mr. Cooper will have the satis- 
faction of seeing a much larger raceme of flowers at some 
future season, and one that will amply deserve the specific 
name Dr. Wallich has given to it. But in fact, of two 
plants possessed by Mr. Cooper, one only, and that the 
offset (the one here figured J has blossomed, the other, and 
a much finer specimen, has as yet shown no disposition to 
flower. 

Descr. The plant from which our drawing was taken 
is about a foot m height. The stem is jointed, clavate, 
compressed, furrowed, with the joints sheathed by a deli- 
cate membrane, bearing at the extremity about three dis- 
tichous broadly lanceolate, obscurely nerved, dark-green, 
coriaceous leaves. Raceme lateral, from the extremity of 
the joint, immediately beneath the lowest leaf, longer than 
the leaves, recurved, bearing numerous, handsome, orange- 
buff-coloured flowers, quite destitute of fragrance. Brac- 
teas lanceolate, reflexed, striated, straw-coloured, membra- 
naceous. Sepals and petals similar in shape and colour, 
ovate, obscurely striated, but the two lower sepals unite 
and run down into a blunt spur at the base of the lip. Lip 
deep orange-colour, with an orbicular, concave lamina, 
beautifully fringed at the margin, and hairy on the upper 
surface, tapering below into a claw, within which is a small, 
bifid, fringed scale, directed inwards. Column short, orange- 
yellow, decurrent below where the lip unites with it. An- 
thers nearly hemispherical, attached by a filament to the 
back of the column. 



Fig. 1. Side view of the Lip. 2. Front view of the Column ■— magni- 
fied. 



( 3419 ) 

Leptospermum scoparium; var. grandiflorum. 
Rigid-leaved Leptospermum; large-flowered var. 

Class and Order. 

ICOSANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Myrtace^:. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cah/cis tubus subturbinatus ; limbus 5-fidus lobis trian- 
gularibus valvatis. Pet. 5. Stam. 20 — 30 libera, petalis 
breviora. Stylus filiformis. Stigma capitatum. Capsula 
4 — 5-locularis, rarissime 3-Iocularis. Semina oblonga 
minima. — Frutices Novce Hollandice. Folia alterna, inte- 
gerrima, punctata, parva. Flores albi. D C. 

Specific Character and Synony?ns. 

Leptospermum* scoparium ; foiiis ovatis mucronatis obso- 
lete trinerviiSj calycibus glabris, dentibus membrana- 
ceis coloratis. De Cand. Prodr. v. 3. p. 227. Spreng. 
Sj/st. Veget. 2. p. 492. 

(Var.) grandiflorum; flore magno roseo, vel in umbra s«pe 
albo. 



An old inhabitant of our gardens, having been raised at 
Kew, f rom se eds received from Port Jackson, so far back 
as the year 1817. Although it does not appear specifically 
distinct from L. scoparium, Lin., having the squarrose, 
acuminate leaves, smooth calyx, and coloured calycine 
segments of that species, it is, nevertheless, a very interest- 
ing variety, remarkable for the large size of the flowers, 
and the blush-coloured tint of their petals. 

It 



* From \,m 0i> slender, and *«ri«*«, the seed, on account of the annate- 
ness of the seeds. 



It is a desirable plant for the conservatory, as it usually 
commences flowering, which it does very copiously, in the 
early spring, and continues in blossom the greater part of 
the summer ; but it should be placed in a situation fully 
open to the light, for then its flowers, which often extend 
along the last year's branches, thus forming a kind of ra- 
ceme, are all, more or less tinged with a rose-colour; 
whereas, if crowded among other and taller plants in the 
greenhouse, the petals expand and continue of a pure white. 
In its native swamps in the neighbourhood of Botany Bay, 
beneath an almost ever-sunny sky and amidst a consider- 
able glare of light, the flowers are uniformly of a deep 
rose-colour. It may be propagated by cuttings as well as 
by seeds, which appear to ripen plentifully. 

Descr. A bushy shrub, five feet high, much branched, 
clothed with a pale-brown bark : branches rather slender, 
spreading or dependent, subdivided ; branchlets attenuated, 
silky, with appressed hairs. Leaves alternate, more or less 
crowded on the branchlets, ovate, ovate-lanceolate, acumi- 
nate, mucronate, short-petioled, patent, rigid, concave, 
smooth on the upper side, obsoletely three-nerved and silky 
beneath, with numerous small dots, margins membranace- 
ous and rather scabrous. Flowers large and white when 
influenced by shade, but when exposed to the light, rose- 
coloured, solitary, lateral or axillary, on short footstalks. 
Adherent tube of the calyx smooth, minutely dotted, limb 
of five obtuse, oval, membranaceous coloured lobes, deci- 
duous. Petals five, white, or tinged with a rose-colour, 
large, orbicular, with a short claw, inserted in the calyx 
between its lobes, spreading, smooth, obsoletely nerved, 
dotted, margins slightly repand. Stamens between thirty 
and forty, inserted in the calyx, and scarcely one-third oj 
the length of the petals. Filaments erect, white, curved 
inwards. Anthers pale-brown, bilocular, several apparently 
abortive. Ovarium inferior, summit five-lobed, glandulous, 
bearing a thick, fleshy style in the centre, which is nearly 
the length of the stamens. Stigma capitate, flattened. 
Capsule smooth, glossy, pale-brown, hemispherical, five- 
celled, each cell containing numerous slender seeds. 






,M2«. 







( 3420 ) 
Acacia tristis. Mournful Acacia. 

Class and Order. 

POLYGAMIA MONCECIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — LtEGUMiNoSiE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Flores polygami. Cal. 4 — 5-dentatus. Pet. 4 — 5, nunc 
libera, nunc in corollam 4 — 5-fidain coalita. Stam. numero 
varia, 10 — 200. Legumen continuum, exsuccum, bivalve. 
D C. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Acacia tristis; stipulis setaceo-spinescentibus deciduis, 
phyllodiis falcatis uervis duobus inaequalibus margine 
superiore recurvo,pedunculis subsolitariis cumque folio 
longiore ranmloque sulcato puberulis. Graham. 

Acacia tristis. Graham MSS. 

This plant was raised at the Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, 
from seeds communicated by the late Mr. Fraser from New 
Holland in 1828, and flowered freely both in the green- 
house and on the open wall in March and April, 1835. Its 
nearest affinity is to A. undulata, Willd., but may be easily 
distinguished from this by its lurid, not lively green colour, 
by the peculiar nervation of its leaves (phyllodia) by these 
being longer both actually and relatively to the peduncle, 
by its more setaceous stipules, which are lateral, not infe- 
rior and distinct, not coalescent at the base, by its pubes- 
cence, by its capitula being generally single, very rarely in 
pairs, the reverse of which is the case in A. undulata, in 
w nich also the flowers are larger with much more acumi- 
nated bracteae. It is also, and perhaps quite as nearly, 
allied to A. armata, from which it is distinguished by the 
smaller degree of hairiness of the branches, by the pubes- 
cent peduncles shorter than the leaves, and by the nerva- 
J'on of these. In the arrangement of the species it ought 
Jp stand between A. undulata and A. armata. The nerva- 
* 10n of the leaf is nearly that of A. verniciflua, from which 
« is distinguished by its stipulae. 

In 



In the present state of our knowledge these characters 
must be admitted as specific distinctions, but it is not at all 
improbable that we shall hereafter be found to have very 
unduly multiplied species in this Genus. In other Genera 
forms far more unlike than many of these are to each other, 
are known,, from their history and cultivation, to be hybrids 
or seedling varieties. The Acacias are seldom raised from 
the seeds of cultivated plants, and we have but an imper- 
fect assurance that in the wild state they have not that mu- 
tability of form which occurs in other Genera, and renders 
all specific distinctions uncertain. These observations are 
particularly forced upon me by the remarkable varieties of 
form which exist among the different specimens of Acacia 
decipiens, A. longifolia, A. stricta, and especially of A. ver- 
niciflua, at present in flower both in the greenhouse and 
in the open air at the Botanic Garden, Edinburgh. 

The specific name is descriptive of the drooping branches 
of our plant, and dull-green colour, compared with its 
nearest allies ; but was first suggested by circumstances, 
entirely personal, under which I write the description. 

Descr. Shrub erect ; branches drooping, puberulent, 
many-furrowed, when young green, afterwards brown. Sti- 
pules, like strong, rigid, straight, and spreading setae, which 
are at first green, and flattened on the sides which are to- 
wards the leaf, soon becoming brown, and at last falling, 
lateral, and free at the base. Leaves very shortly petioled, 
sub-erect, dark-green, slightly falcate, curving upwards, 
except at the mucronated tip, which is more or less bent 
down, slightly pubescent, especially when young, undulate, 
having a single sessile gland on the upper edge, near the 
base; middle rib tolerably conspicuous, branching upon 
its lower side; a fainter sub-simple rib occurs between this 
and the upper edge, and rather more than half way to this 
last. Heads solitary, or very rarely in pairs, on solitary 
pubescent peduncles, half the length of the leaf, and rising 
from the side of the bud in its axil, many-flowered, flowers 
yellow. Bractece greatly attenuated at the base, shortly 
so at the apex, marcescent. Calyx turbinate, five-toothed, 
teeth rounded and ciliated. Corolla twice as long as the 
calyx, five-cleft, segments narrow. Stamens very numerous, 
twice as long as the corolla. Style lateral, longer than the 
stamens. Germen oblong, slightly compressed, yellowish- 
green. Graham. F 



Fig 1. Leaf or Phyllodium with its Stipules. 2. Flower and Bractea; 
magnified. r 



5421. 




( 3421 ) 

ISOPOGON LOUDONI. Mr. LoUDON's 
ISOPOGON. 

Class and Order. 
Tetrandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — ProteacejE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium quadrifidum, tubo gracili diutiuspersistente. 
Squanice nullae hypogynae. Stylus totus deciduus. Stigma 
fusiforme vel cylindracemn. Nux sessilis, ventricosa, un- 
dique comosa. — Frutices rigidi. Folia glabra, plana v. 
Jiliformia, dlvisa v. integerrima. Capitula terminalia, rarb 
axillaria. Flores modo densissime imbricati, strobilo glo- 
boso ; modo fastigiati, receptaculo communi planiusculo sub- 
involucrato, paleis deciduis, congestis. Br. 

Specific Character and Sj/noni/ms. 

Jsopogon* Loudoni ; foliis lanceolatis lingulatisve integer- 
rimis apiculo sphacelato, ramis perianthiisque glabris : 
apicibus laminarum sericeis, stigmate fusiformi barba- 
to, strobilis hemisphaericis. Br. 

Isopogon Loudoni. D. Baxter. Br. Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl. 
Suppl. prim. p. 8. 



The Genus Isopogon, of which the learned author of the 
Prodromus Fl. Novce Hollandim originally described twelve 
species, has, by the researches of botanic travellers, of late 
years, and especially by those of Mr. Baxter on the south- 
west coast of New Holland, received an important accession 

to 



* From »«ro ? , equal, and nuyui, a beard, in allusion to the nuts of the fruit 
being equally, or on all sides, bearded, by which character the Genus is 
readily distinguished from Petrophila. 



to its number, by which Mr. Brown has at length been 
enabled to extend it to twenty-three species. 

The present, a rare and handsome plant, and probably 
the most showy of the whole Genus, was one of the disco- 
veries of that indefatigable botanic-voyager, whilst on his 
last visit to King George's Sound, in 1829 ; and the name 
he gave it, which Mr. Brown has adopted in the work 
above quoted, was in compliment to the respectable and 
laborious editor of the several well-known elaborate works 
on Botany and Gardening. The plant was raised from 
seeds, in 1830, both at Kew and in the nursery of Mr. 
Knight, of the King's Road ; but it has hitherto only pro- 
duced its flower-heads in the former garden, whence a spe- 
cimen was obligingly communicated to us in the spring, 
which has now enabled us to publish a figure of one of the 
rarer of the South Australian Proteace/e. 

Descr. An upright shrub, rising to the height of four 
or five feet: branches few, erect, clothed with a red-brown 
bark, the younger ones covered thinly with short cinereous 
hairs. Leaves coriaceous, alternate, remote, or occasionally 
fasciculated on very short branchlets ; lanceolate, Ungu- 
late, or subspathulate, entire, obsoletely and faintly three- 
nerved, tapering towards the base, which is somewhat 
dilated ; apex pointed, sphacelate ; the younger leaves 
having a thin appressed cinereous pilosity on both paginae, 
which appears to wear off by age ; the adult ones, which are 
from four to five inches long, being quite smooth. Flower- 
head terminal, solitary. Involucre of numerous elliptical, 
imbricated bractes, which are densely covered with fer- 
ruginous hairs, having at its base a ray of three or four 
leaves. Flowers in each head numerous, spreading, of ft 
rich purple. Perianth long, very slender, smooth, deeply 
divided into four linear laminae, which are about the length 
of the tube, their apices at the back being of a very dark 
purple, and tipped with a pencil of white silky hairs. An- 
thers four, white, bilocular, imbedded in the concave points 
of the laminae of the perianth. Style about the length of 
the perianth, filiform and smooth below, widening upwards 
into an angular, fusiform, bearded stigma. 



")fj_' 




( 3422 ) 

Rhododendron Caucasicum ; var. straminea. 
Caucasian Rhododendron; Straw-coloured var. 

Class and Order. 
Decandria Monogvma. 

( Nat. Ord. — Erice^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-partitus. Cor. infundibuliformis 5-lobus. Statu. 
5 — 10 declinata : antheris apice biporosis. Capsula 5-Io- 
cularis, 5-valvis, ab apice dehiscens, valvarum marginibus 
inflexis dissepiinenta formantibus : Receptaculum centrale. 
Semina membrana involuta. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Rhododendron Caucasicum ; caule diffuso, foliis elliptico- 
lanceolatis coriaceis supra glabris venoso-reticulatis 
subtus brevissime ferrugineo-tomentosis margine revo- 
lutis, bracteis magnis oblongis concayis persistentibus, 
corolla campanulato-infundibuliformi. 

Rhododendron Caucasicum. Pall. Ross. v. I. p. 46. t. 31. 
Bot. Mag t. 1145. Ait. Hort. Kew. ed. 2. v. 3. p. 50. 
Spreng. Si/st. Veget. v. 2. p. 92. 

Var. (d.) staminea; floribus stramineis, intus fulvo-macu- 
latis. 



The Rhododendron caucasicum would appear to be sub- 
ject lo much variation in the size and colour of the flowers, 
if we may jud^e from the only figures I am acquainted 
With, namely, That in the Flora Rossica, and that in the 
Botanical Magazine ; in the former, which we may consi- 
der as the colour of the flowers of the native plant, they 
are comparatively small, and entirely of a delicate pink or 
rosc-col.,ur; in Curtis's figure they are as large as those 
°f R arboreum, pure white within, spotted with green and 
r tinned 



tinged with a deep shade of blush on the outside. In our 
Glasgow Botanic Garden, and some other collections in 
Scotland, there is cultivated as the R. Caucasicum, the ex- 
tremely beautiful variety here figured, than which I can 
conceive no plant more desirable or more ornamental for 
an American border or shrubbery. At this season (April, 
1835), notwithstanding a most unpropitious spring, our 
bushes, one of which is two feet high, and three feet in 
diameter, have the extremities of their fine leafy branches 
terminated with an umbel of large, beautiful, straw-coloured 
flowers, forming a striking contrast with the rich scarlet of 
other kinds of Rhododendron already beginning to show 
their blossoms in the same border. If the R. chrysanthum 
had been a common plant in our collections I should have 
thought our present one might have been an offspring from 
it and the true R. Caucasicum. 

Descr. A shrub, with spreading branches, amply clothed 
with leaves at their extremities, which are elliptical-lanceo- 
late, glabrous, dark-green above, minutely reticulated; 
below rust-coloured from the presence of a copious, but 
extremely short, reddish-yellow down. Flowers in terminal 
umbels, or rather, if the pedicels were traced to the base, ra- 
cemes : "but these pedicels are wholly concealed below by 
the large, membranous, concave, imbricated bractes, which 
form a cone-shaped covering to them. Pedicels and minute 
five-toothed calyx reddish, downy. Corolla large, straw- 
coloured, between campanulated and funnel-shaped, waved, 
slightly irregular within, on the upper side, marked with 
numerous fulvous spots. Style and stamens declined, the 
latter longer than the corolla, and reddish; the former 
shorter than the corolla, and of an uniform pale-yellow. 
Stigma capitate, yellow-green. 



( 3423 ) 

Rhododendron arboreum (hybridum), Aeta- 

cjlerense. High-clere hybrid var. of the Tree 

Rhododendron. 

******************** 

Class and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Ericejs. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-partitus. Cor. infundibuliformis, 5-loba. Statu. 
5- — 10, declinata : antheris apice biporosis. Capsula 5- 
locularis, 5-valvis, ab apice dehiscens, valvarmn marginibus 
inflexis dissepimenta formantibus : Receptaculum cenUale, 
5-angulare. Semina membrana involuta. 

(For Specific Character and Synonyms of the Species, see 

tab. 3290.) 

Rhododendron alta-clerense. Lindl. Bot. Reg. t. 1414. 



For this truly splendid ornament of our gardens, it seems 
we are indebted to Lord Caernarvon, who suggested the 
idea, as stated in the Bot. Register, that « if a hybrid variety 
could be obtained between Rhododendron arboreum and 
some one of the hardy American species, the result would 
be a more robust constitution on the one hand, and a greater 
brilliancy of colour on the other ; and also, that if the pol- 
len of R. arboreum could be employed, the stature of the 
hybrid would also be increased." Such has been the conse- 
quence of numerous experiments that have since been tried 
by various persons who have fertilized the pistil of Rhodo- 
dendron Ponticum, or some of the equally hardy American 
species with the pollen of R. arboreum, and our shrubberies 
and open borders can now boast of these favourite and 
highly ornamental shrubs, equally hardy with the R. ponti- 
c wm, equally splendid in regard to the size and colour of 

the 

vol. IX. H 



the flowers with R. arboreum, and blossoming earlier by 
nearly six weeks than our common hardy sorts. The spe- 
cimen here figured was in perfection in the Glasgow Bota- 
nic Garden the latter end of April, notwithstanding that 
the season was more unpropitious than usual. The under 
side of the leaves presents more of the rusty hue of the 
East Indian parent than the Alta-clerense of the Bot. 
Register. 



( 3424 ) 

Hakea ferruginea. Rusty-stalked 
Hakea. 

****************** 

Class and Order. 
Tetrandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Proteace^e. ) 
Generic Character. 

Perianthium 4-phyllum, foliolis secundis, apicibus cavis 
starniniferis. Antherce immersas. Glandula hypogyna unica 
dimidiata. Ovarium pedicellatum, dispermum. Stigma 
subobliquum, e basi dilatata mucronatum. Folliculus uni- 
locularis, ligneus, pseudo-bivalvis, loculo excentrico. Se- 
mina ala apicis nucleo longiore. Br. 

Specific Name. 
Hakea ferruginea. Sw. Ft. Austral, t. 45. 

This rather handsome and free-growing species has been 
raised from seeds sent to the Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, 
under the names of Hakea elliptica and H. marginata. It 
differs from both these, and is, no doubt, the H. ferruginea 
of Sweet, I. c, which I had overlooked, because not quoted 
by Brown, till pointed out to me by Dr. Hooker. I can 
scarcely persuade myself that this plant is not described in 
the Supplement to the Prodr. PL Nov. Hollandia? ; because 
1 understand the seeds which I received from Col. Lindsay 
were collected at King George's Sound ; but if he has no- 
ticed it, the form has been so much altered by cultivation,. 
jhat the character will not apply. It comes nearest to Mr. 
Ijrown's H. repanda, which indeed I was inclined to consi- 
der it : but Dr. Hooker informs me that a specimen which 
he possesses, and which he believes to be II. repanda, is 
different. It flowers very freely in the greenhouse, and 
Probably will thrive upon a south wall, where we have 
lately planted it. 

Descr. 



Descr. Shrub erect (specimen described six feet high). 
Bark brown ; on the twigs covered with brown tomentum. 
Branches long, slender, drooping, somewhat flexuous. 
Leaves (two to three inches long, eight to thirteen lines 
broad) largest below the origin of the branches, ovato-ob- 
long, terminated with a short, stout, sphacelated mucro ; 
when young, adpresso-pubescent ; when old, glabrous; 
three to five-nerved, reticulated, obsoletely crenate, and the 
most ovate appearing, with their dilated bases, partly to em- 
brace the branches. Fascicles axillary, sessile. Scales of 
the flower lead-brown, membranaceous, nerved, concave, 
ciliated, and diaphanous in the edges, the inner ones rhom- 
boid and petiolate, the outer ovate and sessile. Peduncle 
and every part of the flower glabrous. Style erect, bearing 
the conical stigma (which is generally covered with the 
yellow granular pollen) beyond the recurved second seg- 
ments of the four-parted perianth. Graham. 



3425. 




( 3425 ) 
Hoya Pottsii. Mr. Potts's Hoya. 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Digynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Asclepiade^:. ) 

Generic Character. 

Massce Pollinis laeves, 10, erecto-conniventes. Antherce 
membrana terminate. Corona staminea pentaphylla, foli- 
olis depressis, angulo interiore producto in dentem antheraB 
incumbentem. Cor. rotata. Br. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Hoya* Pottsii; foliis cordato-ovatis brevi-acuminatis supra 
trinerviis, corolla supra vix pubescente. 

Hoya Pottsii. Traill, in Hort. Trans, v. 7. p. 25. t. 1.? 
Loddiges, Bot. Cab. t. 1609. 



Cultivated in the stove of the Bot. Garden of Glasgow, 
where it flowers in May. It is much to be regretted that 
Mr. Traill, in his otherwise valuable paper on the different 
species of Hoya, has not more precisely deflned the charac- 
ters between his Hoya Pottsii and H. trinervis. Our plant 
is undoubtedly the H. Pottsii of the Bot. Cabinet, but the 
colour of the flowers is different from that of Mr. Traill, 
and in this respect, as well as in some others, it agrees better 
with the trinervis, of which its author says, " It bears a great 
resemblance to H. Potsii, from which, however, it may be 
principally distinguished by its larger and thinner leaves, 
the veins of which are more strongly marked, and also by 
the yellowish colour in the centre of the crown." May not 
the two be varieties of one and the same plant ? In ours, the 

old 



* Named in honour of Mr. Thomas Hoy, gardener to His Grace the 
Duke of Northumberland. 



old leaves at the base of the plant are much thicker than the 
upper ones, and have the nerves more obsolete. Prom H. 
carnosa the species is best known by its larger, broader, 
three-nerved leaves, and the almost entire absence of down 
upon the upper surface of the corolla. It wholly wants the 
bright red spots in the inside of the crown, and the smell 
certainly cannot be compared to that of a " rich plum- 
cake, or a combination of that of honey with the almond 
flavour of the Peruvian Heliotrope/' (to which that of H. 
carnosa is likened by Sir J. E. Smith,) but rather resem- 
bles that of strong and bad honey. 

If we are correct in considering the plant to be the ori- 
ginal H. Pottsii, it is a native of the vicinity of Macao, 
where a leaf was gathered by the zealous collector to the 
Horticultural Society, whose name it bears, and which, 
being given to Mr. Sabine, and planted, soon flourished. 
The H. trinervis was brought from China by Mr. John 
Damper Parrs. 

Descr. Stem long, branched, twining, the extremities 
frequently leafless and rooting. Leaves ovato-cordate with a 
short acumen ; when old, very thick, and between fleshy and 
coriaceous, convex below, and pale-green, with scarcely an 
appearance of nerves ; above concave, deep-green, with 
one central and two lateral nerves, the middle one some- 
times sending out very obscure lateral oblique ones, the 
margin slightly revolute. Petioles rounded, short, very 
thick ; when old, clothed with a sort of pale-brown bark. 
Peduncle from the side of one of the petioles at its base, 
two inches long, bearing a compact almost globose umbel 
of flowers. Calyx with five short, broadly ovate teeth. 
Corolla rotate, of five broadly ovate, acute, very pale yel- 
low-green lobes, quite glabrous below, above so slightly 
downy that the pubescence can only be seen by the assist- 
ance of a microscope. Crown of five large, depressed, 
fleshy, ovate, spreading, white leaves, between which the 
colour is orange. 



M26. 







( 3426 ) 

Orchis tephrosanthos ; var. densifolius. Narrow- 
lipped Military Orchis ; Crowded-flowered var. 

******************* 

Class and Ordejr. 
Gynandria Monatmdria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^. ) 

Generic Character. 

Corolla ringens. Labellum basi subtus calcaratum. 
Glandules (1 — 2.) pedicellorum pollinis iuclusas cucullo 
unico. Br. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Orchis tephrosanthos; labello tripartita, laciniis 1 in ear i bus 
intermedia bifida cum mucrone interjecto, petalis acutis 
conniventibus, cornu subincurvo germine duplo brevi- 
ore, bracteis brevissimis. 

Orchis tephrosanthos. Vill. Delph. v. 2. p. 32. Desf. Ail. 
v. 2. p. 318. Hook, in Fl. Lond. N. S. cum Ic. 

Orchis militaris. Engl. Bot. t. 1873. 

Orchis militaris? Linn. Sp. PL p. 1334. 

Orchis simiam referens. Vaill. Bot. Par. t. 31. / 25, 26. 
( excellent ) . 

(/3.) spica multiflora, foliis latioribus. Tab. nostr. 3426. 

Orchis simia. De Cand. Fl. Fr. ed. 3. v. 2. p. 249. 



This extremely handsome Orchis has been received at 
the Glasgow Botanic Garden, from the Continent of Europe, 
under the name of O. simia; but a careful comparison with 
the rare O. tephrosanthos of the south of England will show 
that, notwithstanding its greater size and beauty, it can 
only be considered a luxuriant state of that plant. It seems 
to be a species that has been very little understood, and 
consequently that has received different appellations be- 
sides those quoted above ; such as, for example, O. zoophora, 
Thujll., O. cinerea, Schrank, O. cercopitheca, Pom., &c. De 

Candolle 



Candolle has certainly given a wrong synonym in quoting 
Haller, Helv. n. 1275. t. 30, which has a lip quite different 
from our plant, and is in reality O. acuminata of Desfon- 
taines. I scarcely know whether to quote the O. tephro- 
santhos, /3. of Ker. in Bot. Reg. p. 375, because of the very 
sharp segments of the lip, and waved leaves, which is, 
moreover, far inferior, in point of beauty, to the present in- 
dividual. Its flowering season is in May. 

Descr. Bulbs two", roundish-ovate. Stem a foot high in 
our plants. Leaves oblong, or oblongo-lanceolate, some- 
what acute, striated, pale-green above, paler still, and some- 
what glaucous beneath ; they are mostly confined to the 
lower part of the stem. Spike oval, of numerous, crowded, 
handsome, fragrant/Zowers. Sepals and petals purplish-white, 
spotted, all ovate and much acuminated, forming a helmet 
over the column. Lip purple, variegated with white, and 
studded on the upper side with darker, red-purple, chrystal- 
line points, three-lobed, the middle lobe bipartite, with a 
mucro between ; all the lobes linear, obtuse, and curved 
upwards. Spur short, decurved, swollen towards the apex. 
Bracteas small, much shorter than the twisted germen. 

Fig. 1. Side view of a Flower. 2. Front view of a Lip, with its Spur :— 
magnified. 



( 3427 ) 

Erica recurvata. Drooping round- 
headed Heath. 

Class and Order. 

OcTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Ericine^;. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 4-sepalus inferus. Cor. 4-fida. Stam. receptaculo 
inserta. Anthers bifida?. Caps. 4-locularis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Erica recurvata ; foliis 6-fariis linearibus flexuosis paten- 
tibus obscure denticulatis glabris, floribus terminalibus 
dense capitatis involucratis uutantibus, calycis laciniis 
subulatis appressis tubi longitudine, corolla? tubo 
ovato-cylindraceo (albo) laciniis erectis conniyentibus 
intense ni<>TO-fuscis, antheris bipartitis muticis, stylo 
longissime exserto. 

Erica recurvata. " Andr. Heath, v. 4." Lodd. Hot. Lab. 
t. 1093. Spreng. Syst. Veget. v. 2. p. 195. 

Euryloma recurvata. Don, Syst. of Gard. et Bot. v. 3. 
p. 817. 



Among the numerous species of Cape Heath which adorn 
our collections, there are few that are more peculiar, as to 
aspect, or more readily distinguished by character, than the 
present, which produces its singular blossoms in the heath- 
ery of the Glasgow Botanic Garden, in the month of May. 
The foliage is of a delicate green colour, and the leaves, at 
the extremity of the branches, form a sort of starry crown 
around the dense heads of flowers, which are white below, 
and afford a striking contrast to the deep brown, almost 
black, connivent segments of the corolla, and the bright- 
red, much protruded styles. 



I am too ignorant of the structure of the flowers of this 
most extensive and highly beautiful Genus of plants, to be 
able to form an opinion of the merits of Mr. Don's arrange- 
ment of it into new Genera. In the present instance, I fear 
the species is not ranked, by our author, with those to which 
it is naturally allied ; nor does it accord in several particu- 
lars with the Generic character laid down for Euryloma, 
which should have " a foliaceous calyx, a salver-shaped 
corolla, with an elongated, filiform or ventricose tube, and a 
dilated limb : filaments dilated, channelled ; and leaves 
which are adpressed ;" — marks which do not exist in our 
plant. 

Descr. With us Erica recurvata forms a shrub, about 
two feet high, much divided above into branches that are 
rather stout and flexuous, or almost tortuous, clothed 
with delicate, pale-green, spreading, sexfarious, narrow, 
linear leaves, of which the upper surface is plane, the 
lower keeled and marked by a furrow in the middle ; 
the margin slightly denticulate, every where glabrous. 
Flowers terminal on short branches, ten to sixteen collected 
together in a dense drooping head, slightly adhering by 
means of a viscid substance which invests them, and sur- 
rounded by a ray of leaves, which constitutes a kind of in- 
volucre. Pedicels exceedingly short, bearing two or three 
linear-subulate, white bracteas, of which the outer and 
longer ones are often tipped with green. Cal. four-partite ; 
segments lanceolato-subulate, appressed, a little scabrous at 
the margin, pure white. Corolla between ovate and cylin- 
drical, about half an inch long, white ; the segments alone, 
which are erect, or rather con ni vent, deep brownish-black, 
acuminated. Anthers included, bipartite, muticous ; the 
openings extending almost the whole length of the cells. 
Germen subglobose, four-lobed : Style twice as long as the 
corolla, white below, bright-red above : Stigma obtuse, 
scarcely dilated. 



Fig. 1. Flower with Bracteas. 2. Stamens. 3. Anthers. 4. Pistil. 5. 
Portion of a Leaf seen from above. 6. Ditto from below.— Magnified. 






S428. 







( 3428 ) 

Vaccinium albiflorum. White-flowered 
Whortle-berry. 

********************* . 

Class and Order. 
Decandria (Octandria alior.) Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Vaccinie^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 4— 5-dentatus. Cor. urceolata s. campanulata, lim- 
bo 4— 5-fido reflexo. Antherce bicornes vel muticae. Bacca 
4 — 5-locularis. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Vaccinium albiflorum; ramis floriferis subaphyllis racemis 
subcorymbosis secundis nutantibus bracteatis (bracteis 
valde deciduis), corollis lato-ovalibus, calycibus pa- 
tenti-reflexis, foliis ovali-lanceolatis obscure serrulatis 
membranaceis deciduis subtus eosta nervisque praeci- 
pue patenti-pilosis, germine omnino infero. 



The affinity of the present very pretty species of Whor- 
tleberry is undoubtedly with the V. corymbosum of Lin- 
naeus and American authors ; so much so, indeed, that 1 had 
myself, at one time, considered it only a variety, but the 
nature of the mermen, I think, forbids such an union ; tor, 
in the last-mentioned species it is half superior ; m this 
wholly inferior, presenting a flat or convex surface at the 
top, where the style is inserted ; and this coup led with some 
other distinctive marks, such as the reflexed and thinner 
and reflected teeth of the calyx, broader corolla quite even 
on the surface, stouter style, more deciduous bracteas, and 
more hairy leaves in our V. albiflorum, have induced me to 
think that the two are permanently distinct. At any rate, 
after having given a faithful representation with dissections 
of both (for the V. corymbosum will appear in a forthcoming 
v J number), 



number), I must leave the reader to judge for himself, only 
observing that, if, as is more than probable, it is some de- 
scribed Vaccinium, the characters I have above alluded to 
are no where expressed. The figure of V. amcenum of 
Bot. Reg. t. 400, and particularly of Bot. Rep. t. 138, are 
very like our plant: but Mr. Don, in the Cycl. of Gard. 
and Bot. has decidedly referred them to the V. corymbosum, 
as Sir James Smith has the amcenum of Hort. Kew., upon 
the authority of original specimens. It may possibly be 
the V. album of Lam. (not of Linn., for that Sir James 
Smith has ascertained to be Xylosteum ciliatum, (S. Ph. nor 
of Pursh, which is V. accinium stamineum) ; but the descrip- 
tion is too vague to allow a correct judgment to be formed. 
Thus circumstanced, however unwillingly, I am obliged to 
give a new name to our present plant, and that one expres- 
sive of a mark by which it is at once distinguishable from 
its near ally, V. corymbosum. It has been received at the 
Glasgow Botanic Garden, from North America, and it 
flowers in May. 

Descr. A small shrub, with spreading, green, rounded 
branches, of which the younger ones are hairy. Leaves 
oval-lanceolate or lanceolate, nearly sessile, slightly acu- 
minate, membranaceous, wavy, minutely serrulated, and 
ciliated at the margin, beneath more or less hairy, especially 
on the midrib and nerves, with spreading hairs. Flowers 
in short corymbose, bracteated racemes of the preceding 
year's branches, which are either leafless, or which throw 
out short leafy branches from immediately below the ra- 
cemes. Bracteas quickly deciduous. Calyx of five, spread- 
ing, almost rejlexed, membranaceous, green teeth, sometimes 
tinged with brown. Corolla broadly oval, dingy white, 
scarcely at all furrowed, the mouth very slightly contracted, 
and having five small, recurved teeth. Stamens ten : fig- 
ments short, broad, hairy on the outside and at the margins : 
Anthers acuminated, bifid. Germen wholly inferior, its 
summit presenting a flattened, or slightly convex disk : Style 
longer than the stamens, slenderer than that of V. corym- 
bosum. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Stamens. 3. Side view of the Pistil and Calyx- 
4. Front view of ditto, showing the flattened or slightly convex summit 
the Germen : — magnified. 



3429. 




( 3429 ) 

VACCINIUM CESPITOSUM. DWARF TlFTEI) 

Whortle-berry. 

********************* 

Class and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Vaccinie;e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 4— 5-dentatus. Cor. urceolata s. campanulata, lim- 
bo 4— 5-fido reflexo. Antherce bicornes vel muticae. Bacca 
4 — 5-loculares. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Vaccinium ccespitosum; pusillum caespitosum, foliis obova- 
tis basi attenuates membranaceis serratis reticulata 
fflabris nitidiusculis deciduis, pedunculis subsolitanis 
unifloris, corollis urceolatis, calyce brevi, anthens 

bisetosis 
Vaccinium ccespitosum. Mich. Am. v.\. p. 234. PursA, 
Fl. Am. v. 1. p- 288. Hook. Fl. Bor. Am. v. 2. p. S3, 
t. 126. 



This very pretty dwarf species of Whortle- Berry was 
long only known to Botanists by Michaux's very imperfect 
description, made from specimens he found about Hudson s 
Bay, till Mr. Menzies supplied our Herbaria from the 
North-west coast of America, Mr. Douglas from the West 
side of the Rocky Mountains, and Mr. Dr™mon d f.o m the 
East side (nearly in the same latitudes, 52° North), as we 
as from Lake V/inipeg and the Sashatchawan The plan s 
found in the Rocky Mountains being in fruit Mr Drum- 
mono has had the satisfaction of introducing tlm plant to 
our gardens. The drawing here given was made from 
specimens in the Glasgow Botanic Garden where . beais 
ite numerous and exceedingly delicate and graceful Wos- 



soms in the month of May. In the native specimens, the 
blossoms and berries seem to be quite as numerous as the 
leaves. On one specimen, scarcely more than two inches 
high, but much spreading, 1 have counted upwards of thirty 
flowers. 

Descr. The main stem of this plant creeps under ground, 
and in its native country, sometimes to the length of several 
inches, from its upper extremity sending up several short, 
tufted branches, from two to four inches high, woody and 
greenish brown, rounded. Leaves copious, alternate, obo- 
vate, attenuated below, distinctly serrated, glabrous, some- 
what shining, much and conspicuously reticulated, espe- 
cially beneath, where the colour is paler, but not glaucous. 
From the axils of the leaves the peduncles spring, solitary, 
or rarely two together, drooping, short, single-flowered, 
accompanied by one or two concave, membranous, decid- 
uous bracteas at the base. Calyx obscurely five-lobed. 
Corolla urceolate, very delicate, white, with a tinge of deep 
blush, the mouth contracted, and having five, recurved, 
blunt, teeth. Stamens ten : Anthers with the cells much 
prolonged upwards, and bearing two long, slender awns at 
the back. Berry globose, glaucous, blue-black. 



Fig. 1. Leaf. 2. 3. Flowers. 4. Stamen. 5. Pistil and Calyx. <i 
Fruit (nat. size) : all but fig. 6 magnified. 



( 3430 ) 
Crescentia Cujete. Calabash Tree. 

Class and Order. 

DlDYNAMIA ANGIOSPERMIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Bignoniace^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cal. bipartitus, aequalis, deciduus. Cor. subcampanulata ; 
tubo brevissimo ; fauce magna, ventricosa, limbo 5-fido in- 
aequali. Stam. 4, didynama, cum rudimento quinti : Bac- 
ca cucurbitina, unilocularis, cortice solido, interne pulposa 
polysperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Crescentia* Cujete; foliis fasciculatis lato-lanceolatis in- 

ferne attenuatis. 
Crescentia Cujete. Linn. Sp. PL p. 872. Jacq. Am. p. 

175. t. 111. Spreng. Syst. Veget. v. 2. p. 842. 
Crescentia arborescens, &c Br. Jam. p. 265. 
Arbor cucurbitifera Americana, &c. Sloane, Jam. 2. p. 

172. 



The Calabash tree was cultivated by the Earl of Port- 
land in this country, according to the Hortus Kewensis, so 
long ago as the year 1690 ; and branches of it are not (in- 
frequently sent over to our Collections from the West 
India Islands, for the sake of the epiphytes with which 
they are invested, and these being fixed in the earth, readily 
vegetate : but I was not aware that any had produced 
blossoms in our stoves, until Charles Horsfall, Esq. 
obligingly sent me a flower which was perfected in his 

garden 



* So named in honor of Peter Crescentto, an Italian writer on Agri- 
culture. 

VOL IX. I 



garden at Liverpool, accompanied by a drawing; of the 

plant from the pencil of Mrs. Horsfall. An excellent 

drawing of a flowering plant has likewise been sent to me 

from Antigua, by Dr. Nicholson, which has materially 

assisted me in completing the present figure. The fruit is 

copied from that given in the Flore Medicale des Antilles, 

but evidently much diminished in size, since it is described 

by authors as being sometimes much larger than the human 

head. Mr. Horsfall's plant is growing so vigorously, and 

has borne flowers so readily, we are not without hopes 

that it may ere long produce fruit also : and it is this part 

which is well known in the West Indies and all the warmer 

parts of America, under the name of Calabash (Calabdga, 

a gourd, or pumpkin*, from its resemblance to that fruit,) 

and which they employ for so many useful purposes. The 

skin being removed from without, and the pulp with the 

seeds from within, the hard, woody shell alone remains, and 

serves, according to its size, for various kinds of domestic 

utensils, such as water-cans, goblets, coffee-cups, and even 

for kettles to boil water in " it being so thin, hard, and 

close-grained, as to stand the fire several successive times 

before it is destroyed." The outside is often polished by 

the Indians, and carved and stained with various figures of 

beautiful execution. Various forms are given to the fruit, 

by ligatures applied while the fruit is still growing upon the 

tree, and so great a variety of purposes is it made to serve, 

that it sometimes constitutes almost the sole article of 

furniture of the Carib Indians. Much of their food is kept 

in Calabashes, and a small piece of the shell of the same 

fruit serves them to take it out with. The pulp of the 

fruit is considered in the country a sovereign remedy for 

several disorders, both internal and external/ Dr. Wright 

recommends it as an excellent poultice for bruises and 

inflammations. 

The wood of the tree is described as being very tough 
and flexible, and various articles of carpentery work are 
made of it ; such as stools, chairs, saddle-trees, crooks for 
mules, shafts, and handles for tools, &c. 

Descb. 



* I am aware that Mr. Lunan, in the Hortus Jamaicensis, expresses a dif- 
ferent opinion, and supposes that " it derives its name from being as big as a 
man's head, which the Spaniards call calabash:' But I believe it will be 
found, that the term is only applied in contempt ; as Cascos de Calabaca, 
Calabash- skull, empty-headed; having no more brains than a pumpkin- 



Descr. A Tree, according to Jacquin, twenty feet in 
height, readily distinguished from all others by its peculiar 
habit : for it sends out large, horizontal, scarcely divided 
branches, which bear fascicles of leaves at various dis- 
tances. These leaves are from four to six inches in length, 
broadly -lanceolate, somewhat acute, entire, tapering at 
the base, but destitute of petiole. Peduncles, in general 
from the older portions of the trunk or branches, solitary, 
rarely two or three together, decurved, bearing a single, 
pendent flower of a large size, and, though varying some- 
what in colour, generally of a yellowish-green, more or 
less streaked or veined with reddish lines. The calyx is 
large, of two roundish, or oval, green, concave lobes. Co- 
rolla large, somewhat campanulate, with a remarkable con- 
striction below the middle, above which it becomes ventri- 
cose, and at the mouth cut into five, much crisped and 
waved, sharp, but rather unequal segments, which are at 
length reflexed : it does not readily fall away, but decays 
upon the peduncle, and then gives out a very disagreeable 
smell. Stamens four, didynamous, sometimes five, shorter 
than the corolla. Anthers of two oblong lobes, spreading 
at their base. Germen ovate, surrounded by a large, 
fleshy, yellowish ring : Style rather longer than the corolla: 
Stigma two-lobed. Fruit, according to authors, an oval 
or round berry, large, externally coriaceous, one-celled, 
containing a copious pulp, in which are imbedded several 
cordate,, compressed seeds, which are said to have two 
cells. 



The Plate represents a portion of a Branch, with Leaves and Flowers of 
the nat. size. 1. Fruit smaller than nature. 






,-. #3] 




Jul Ifimmmmi Mm* ... 



( 3431 ) 
PiEONiA Russi. Crimson P/eony. 

*********************** 

Class and Order. 

POLYANDRIA DlGYNIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Ranunculace2e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-sepalus, foliaceus, inasqualis. Pet. 5 — 10, subor- 
biculata. Stam. numerosa. Discus carnosus, ovaria cin- 
gens. Carpella 2 — 5, grossa, stigmatibus bilamellatis 
crassis instructa, in folliculos capsulares conversa. Semina 
subglobosa, nitida. — Radices fasciculate. Folia caulina 
bitematim-secta. Flores ampli albi aut purpurascentes. 
DC. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

PiEONiA Russi; herbacea, carpellis pilosis recurvatis, folio- 
rum segmentis ellipticis integris subtus vix pubescen- 
tibus. 

P^eonia Russi. ec Biv. Man. Sic. 4. p. 10." De Cand. 
Prodr. v. 1. p. 67. Spreng. Syst. Veget. v. 2. p. 615. 
Sw. Br. Fl. Gard. t. 122. 



So many hybrids and varieties of P^eony are now culti- 
vated in our gardens that it would puzzle the most acute 
Botanist to mark the limits of the species. The present 
plant goes by the name I have here adopted in our gardens, 
and I have no reason to think that it is other than the one 
intended by Bivone. But that author himself observes 
' P humili affinis :" and any one who will be at the trou- 
ble of comparing our present figure with the one given at 
t. 1422 of the present work, cannot fail to observe a very 
great similarity. Our plant has, however, the advantage in 
aspect to depth and brilliancy of colour; and it is well 
worthy of a place in every collection. 

Our drawing was made from a specimen that flowered in 
a pot placed in a cool frame in the month of May. The 
stem was not above a foot in height, and it bore but one 
flower. 



( 3432 ) 

Crataegus coccinea. Large-flowered 
American Whitethorn. 

Class and Order. 

ICOSANDRIA Dl- PeNTAGYNIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Rosacea. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cal. tubus urceolatus, limbus 5-fidus. Pet. patentia ob- 
cordata. Ovarium 2 — 5 loculare. Styli totidem glabri. Po- 
mum carnosum ovatum dentibus calycinis vel disco incras- 
sato clausum, putamine osseo. — Frutices spinosi. Folia 
angulata vel dentata. Corymbi terminates. Bracteas subu- 
late deciduce. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Crataegus* coccinea; spinosa, foliis cordato-ovatis angu- 
lato-lobatis acute serratis glaberrimis sublonge petio- 
latis, petiolis segmentisque calycinis subulatis glandu- 
losis, floribus pentagynis. 

Crataegus coccinea. Linn. Sp. PL p. 682. Mich. Am. v. 
1. p. 288. Pursh, Fl. Am. v. I. p. 337. Ell. Carol. 
v. 1. p. 553. Torrey, Fl. of Un. St. v. \. p. 475. 
Hook. Fl. Bor. Am. v. 1. 



This is an extremely beautiful plant, and assuredly one 
of the greatest ornaments of our shrubberies,, loaded as it is 
m the month of May with its large clusters of white, but 
scarcely fragrant blossoms. The leaves too are copious, 
and of a delicate yellowish-green, much lobed and finely 
serrated at the margin. It is a native of North America, 
from Canada to the Southern United States. 

Descr. 



Named from xpa-ros, strenath, in allusion to the extreme hardness of the 
wood. 



Descr. In our Botanic Garden, this Whitethorn forms 
a large shrub, I might almost say a tree, from its being 
eighteen to twenty feet high, with numerous more or less 
spreading branches, clothed with a small, dark purplish- 
brown, glossy bark, and here and there bearing rather long 
and straight but strong thorns, chiefly on the older branches. 
Leaves, on slender, glandular petioles, which are about an 
inch and a half long, broadly ovate, approaching to cor- 

— •. ■•* 1 ...1*1,. •*-*-* *~k ■%-* * r o m i t m 



date, quite glabrous, membranaceous, with many acute 
lobes, and finely and sharply serrated : the nerves oblique, 
parallel, reaching to the end of each lobe. Corymbs com- 



pound, terminal on the numerous, short, lateral branches, 
of several large, white flowers. Calyx of five spreading, 
subulate segments, glandular at their margins, the glands 
stipitate. Corolla of five, very concave, somewhat crisped 
and nearly orbicular petals. Stamens generally ten, about 
as long as the petals. Anthers oval -oblong, at first deep 
pink, afterwards greenish. Germen oblong -turbinate, 
smooth and quite glabrous in our specimens. Styles five. 
Stigmas capitate. 



5435. 







( 3433 ) 

Vaccinium corymbosum. Many-flowered 
Whortle-berry. 

******************** 

Class and Order. 
Decandria (Octandria alior.) Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Vaccinie^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 4— 5-dentatus. Cor. urceolata seu campanulata, 
limbo 4— 5-fido reflexo. Anthera bicornes. Bacca 4—5- 
locularis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Vaccinium corymbosum; ramis floriferis plerumque aphyl- 
lis racemis subcorymbosis secundis nutantibus bracte- 
atis, corollis lato-cylindraceo-ovatis, calycibus fere 
erectis, foliis elliptico-lanceolatis obscure serrulatis 
membranaceis deciduis (nervis subpubescentibus ex- 
ceptis) glaberrimis, genuine semisupero. 

Vaccinium corymbosum. Linn. Sp. PL p.m. Pursh 
Fl. Am. v. 1. />. 286. Hook. Ft. Bor. Am. v. 2. p. 31. 
Bonn, Syst. of Gard. et Bot. v. 3. p. 853. 

Vaccinium ainamum. Ait. Hort. Kew. ed. % v. % p. 3o8. 
Bot. Reg. t. 400 ? Andr. Bot. Rep. t. 138 .' 

Vaccinium dimorphum. Mich. Am. v. I. p. 231. 

(t.) fuscatum, corollis subcylindraceis pulchernme roseo- 

vittatis. , nQ ~ r» t 

Vaccinium fuscatum. Pursh Am. Sept. v. I. p. 287. Bot. 

Reg. t. 302. 
Vaccinium formosum. Andr. Bot. Rep.t. W. 
Vaccinium virgatum. Wats. Dendr. t. 33. (non Ait.) 



A very abundant species of Whortle-berry throughout 

almost the whole of North America, but subject, in its 

native country, as it would appear from the accounts ot 

J American 



American authors, and undoubtedly, as cultivated in our 
gardens and our shrubberies, to much variation : so that I 
entirely agree with the view Sir James Smith has taken of 
this subject, and gladly unite the amcenum, dimorphum, 
virgatum, (at least of Watson,) and fuscatum with the 
present species, to which I have added the V. Marianum of 
Mr. Watson. All the kinds, however, are well worthy a 
place in the garden ; being quite hardy, and bearing copi- 
ous blossoms during the month of May. The beauty of 
the flowers is best seen by lifting up the branches ; for in 
consequence of their drooping position, they are in a mea- 
sure concealed from the spectator by the pedicels, calyces, 
and bracteas. 

Descr. A spreading shrub, about four feet high, with 
rounded, glabrous branches of a purplish-green colour. 
Leaves deciduous, elliptical-lanceolate, nearly entire, of a 
tender screen tinned with brown, glabrous or with onlv the 
midrib and a few of the nerves (principally beneath) clothed 
with short, appressed hairs. Flowers arranged in subco- 
ry mbose, sessile racemes, upon rather long, leafless branches, 
with many deciduous bracteas. Pedicels all curved down- 
wards and secund. Calyx-segments nearly erect, often 
tinged with purple, almost half-inferior. Corolla ovato- 
cylindrical, in bud having five conspicuous angles, which in 
the full flower are obsolete, white tinged with rose colour. 
Stamens ten : Filaments broad, incurved, hairy on the out- 
side and at the margins, glabrous within : Anthers with two 
cells, much elongated upwards, destitute of horns. Germen 
with nearly the upper half free, convex : Style rather thick, 
shorter than the corolla, but longer than the stamens. 



Fig. 1. Flower, with its pedicel and bracteas. 2. Calyx and Pistil. 3. 
The same, with a portion of the Calyx cut away, to show the half-superior 
Germen. 4. Back and front view of a Stamen : magnified. 



( 3434 ) 

Vaccinium Pennsylvanicum. Small 
Willow-leaved Whortle-berry. 

****************** 

Class and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Vaccinie.^. ) 

Generic Character. 

Q a l m 4 — 5-dentatus. Cor. urceolata seu campanulata, 
limbo 4 — 5-fido reflexo. Antherce bicornes. Bacca 4 — 5- 
locularis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Vaccinium Pennsylvanicum ; humile, ramis floriferis saepis- 
sime foliosis, racemis subcorymbosis secundis nutanti- 
bus bracteatis, corollis brevi-cylindraceo-campanu- 
latis, calycibus erectis, foliis lanceolatis acutis glaber- 
rimis serrulatis nitidis (subtus praecipuae) subciliatis 
deciduis, germine disco elevato medio depresso. 

Vaccinium Pennsylvanicum. Lam. Enc. v. I. p. 72. Mich. 
Am. v. 1. p. 232. Torr. Fl. o/Un. St. v. 1. p. 416. 
Hook. Fl. Bor. Am. v. 2. p. 32. 

Vaccinium tenellum. Ait. Hort. Kew. v. 2. p. \2? Pursh, 
Fl.Am.v. l.p.288. 



I noticed in my Flora Boreali -Americana the affinity of 
this very pretty plant with Vaccinium corymbosum: it is, 
however, I believe, perfectly distinct, at all times a dwarf 
species, having peculiarly narrow, lanceolate, minutely, 
but distinctly serrulated leaves, quite destitute of hairs, ex- 
cept that the margin is a little ciliated, densely placed 
flowers, on very short racemes, and what I consider of 
greater importance, a shorter and more campanulate co- 
rolla, with a longer calyx, and a germen which is not at all 
superior, but presents merely an elevated, concave disk 

above 



above its point of union with the calyx. It is very common 
in the Northern States of America, and in Canada, and 
bears a fruit which, according to American writers, is very 
much esteemed. 

Descr. A low dwarf shrub in our gardens, rarely rising 
more than from eight or ten inches to a foot high, the young 
branches greenish, and rough with very minute warts, and 
slightly downy. Leaves small, lanceolate, glabrous, some- 
what shining, conspicuously so beneath, membranaceous, 
serrulated and minutely ciliated at the margin. Flowers in 
dense, crowded, many-flowered, secund and drooping brac- 
teated racemes. Pedicels very short. Calyx of five, rather 
deep, erect lobes. Corolla shortly cylindrical, approaching 
to campanulate, the mouth open, with five, recurved, blunt 
teeth : the colour a pale greenish-white more or less tinged 
with red, sometimes in streaks. 



Fig. 1, 2. Flowers. 3. Stamen. 4. Pistil and Calyx. 5. Leaf: magni- 
fied. 



■VI .V) 




( 3435 ) 

Cassia glandulosa. Glandular-leaved 

Cassia. 

Class and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Leguminos,e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala 5 vix basi coalita plus minus inaequalia. Pet. 5 
inaequalia. Stamina 10, libera inaequalia, 3 inferiora lon- 
giora; 4 media brevia, recta; 3 superna antheris abortivis 
difformibus. Antherae apice dehiscentes. Ovarium stipi- 
tatum, ssepe arcuatum. Legumen variurn. — Arbores, fru- 
tices, aut herbae. Folia simpliciter et abrupte pinnata. 
Petioli sape glanduliferi. Poliola opposita. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Cassia* glandulosa; fruticosa, foliis 14— 18-jugis, foliolis 
oblongis mucronatis basi obliquis superioribus sensim 
minoribus subtus rachide ramisque pubescenti-pilosis, 
glandula pedicellata infra par infimum, et non raro 
aliis infra paria secnnda et tertia minus pedicellata, 
stipulis lato-subulatis, pedunculis subternis unifloris 
florem subaequantibus. 

Cassia glandulosa. Linn. Sp. PL p. 542. Be Cand. Prodr. 
v. 2. p. 503 ? Spreng. Syst. Veget. v. 2. p. 342? 



I dare not venture to introduce other synonyms of this 
very pretty species of Cassia, which I quite believe to be 
the plant described by Linnjsus under the above name, 



* Said to be derived from the Hebrew word Ketzioth, rendered by 
Kct<? ( *,, in the Greek Septuagint, and latinized by Cassia. 



and which I have received from Jamaica, Trinidad, St. 
Vincent's, and other of the West Indian Islands, whence 
also the seeds were transmitted from which plants were 
raised in the stove of the Botanic Garden of Glasgow. It is 
a plant of considerable elegance of foliage, and bearing its 
copious blossoms for at least nine months out of the twelve. 
Professor De Candolle's character of C. calycioides agrees 
as well with our plant, as does that of his C. glandulosa ; 
but the figure of M. Colladon has the leaves considerably 
different from ours. 

Descr. In our stove, this plant forms a shrub four to 
five feet high, clothed with brown bark, and bearing, espe- 
cially at the top, many long, rather straggling and pendent 
branches ; thus, as it were, presenting the graceful foliage 
and bright coloured flowers more immediately to the spec- 
tator. Young branches green and downy. Leaves alter- 
nate, distichous, pinnated with from twelve to eighteen 
pairs of oblong, mucronated, nearly sessile leaflets, oblique 
at the base, marked with closely-placed, oblique veins, 
downy beneath and at the margin with appressed hairs. 
Stipules appressed, broadly subulate, slightly hairy. Pedun- 
cles axillary, two or three rising from the same point, single- 
flowered, and about as long as the flowers, with several 
small, acuminated bracteas at the base, and a pair of oppo- 
site ones a little below the flower. Calyx of five subulate 
leaflets, almost as long as the petals. Petals five, very un- 
equal, spreading, concave, full yellow : four nearly of the 
same size, and obovate, the fifth much larger, obcordate, 
and distinctly clawed. Stamens ten ; of which seven are 
short, yellow, and abortive ; three with long purple-brown 
anthers. Germen linear, hairy, gradually attenuated into 
the curved, glabrous style.— The fruit of our cultivated 
plant I have not seen ; but that of my native specimens is 
about an inch and a half long, linear, compressed, dark 
brown, hairy, with the margins thickened. 



Fig. 1. Base of the Petiole with Leaflets and Glands : magnified. 



3 ±56. 




Ai. tpSJ^*H*4tmmm~*LMim %< 



( 3436 ) 

SlDA INiEQUALIS. OBLIQUE-LEAVED SlDA. 

j-K As. -Sfc Af. A?* A'. A'. A*, .Sfc A^ .Sh .Sfc .SI*. ■St'. A?. A'. A / . A / . As. 

^K rV yp /P yK a* yp yr <F yF My yp MS -v "IS yf 7 yK yf* MS 

C7«ss awrf Order. 

MONADELPHIA PoLYANDRIA 

( Nat. Ord. — Malvacejs. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cat. nudus, 5-fidus, saepe angulatus. Stylus apice multi- 
fidus. Carpella capsularia, 5 — 30 circa axim verticillata, 
plus minusve inter se coalita, 1-locularia, mono- ant oligo- 
sperma, apice mutica aut aristata. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Sida incequalis ; fruticosa, foliis cordato-ovatis acuininatis, 
basi inaequalibus crenulatis utrinque hirtis, pedunculis 
petiolos longe superantibus apice geniculars, calyci- 
bus basi productis, corollis campanulatis, capsulis 
subinflatis. 

Sida inaequalis. Link et Otto, Berl. t. 34. Spreng. Syst. 
Veget.v. 3. p. 117. 



We received this plant from the Berlin Botanic Garden 
in 1829, under the name of Sida incequalifolia. It flowered 
freely for the first time in the stove in the Royal Botanic 
Garden, Edinburgh, in May, 1835. It is said to be a 
native of Brazil. 

Descr. Shrub erect (in the specimen described slender, 
and nearly seven feet high). Bark light gray, on the young 
shoots green, and covered with short, harsh, glandular 
pubescence. Petioles (one to two inches long) alternate, 
spreading, round, having similar pubescence to the twigs, 
swollen at the apex. Leaves (four to seven inches long, 
two to three inches broad) slightly undulate, having on 
both sides a short, harsh pubescence, bright green and 
shining above, paler and without lustre below; where in 

the 



the young state it is at first white, then becoming somewhat 
rusty, an appearance of which scarcely a trace remains in 
the adult leaves, cordato-ovate, unequal at the base, acumi- 
nate, crenulate, middle rib and veins prominent on both 
sides, especially behind. Peduncles (about two inches 
long) lateral, subtended by a lanceolate, nerved, pubescent, 
deciduous bractea, round, geniculate near the apex, with 
pubescence similar to that on the petioles. Calyx five-cleft, 
segments ovate, acute, with ferruginous pubescence, some- 
what keeled, and keel produced at the base. Corolla (an 
inch and a half long, and when fully expanded, two inches 
across) white, campanulate, petals clawed, orbiculato-ovate, 
delicately glanduloso-pubescent on the outside, glabrous 
within, shining only at the claws, many-nerved, nerves very 
prominent on the outside, dichotomous towards their ter- 
minations, and with smaller reticulating branches along 
their sides. Stamens and styles equal to the height of the 
petals, glabrous ; anthers small, yellow, pollen granules 
yellow, minute, globular. Graham. 



^AQ 



. 






S437. 




/><* A: .' ■ „rh4 <Ua 



( 3437 ) 

Canna glauca, y, rubro-lutea. Glaucous-leaved 
Indian-Reed ; reddish yellow-flowered var. 

Class and Order. 

MONANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Cannes. ) 

Generic Character. 

Anthera simplex, filamenti margini adnata. Stylus cras- 
sus, claviformis. Stigma obtusum. Caps. 3-loeularis. Se- 
mina gibbosa, numerosa. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Canna* glauca; foliis elliptico-lanceolatis valde acuminatis 
glaucis, corollae laciniis exterioribus erectis, labio su- 
periore trilobato lobis tribus ovatis strictis inferiore 
indiviso recurvo. 

Canna glauca. Willd. Sp. PL v. I. p. 4. Rose. Linn. 
Trans, v. 8. p. 339. Scit. PL cum Ic. Sm. Ex. Bot. p. 
83. t. 102. Roem. et Schult. v. 1. p. 13. Spreng. 
Syst. Veget. v. I. p. 7. 

(/3.) rufa ; corollis rubro tinctis ; labello variegato integer- 
rimo. Sims, Bot. Mag. t. 2302. 

(y.) rubro-lutea ; florum basi labioque inferiore rubris, la- 
bio superiore luteo. (Tab. nostr. 3437.) 



The Glasgow Botanic Garden is indebted for the posses- 
sion of this plant to Mr. M f Fadyen, who sent it from Ja- 
maica. It may be reckoned among the handsomest of the 
Genus, especially if the foliage be considered as well as the 
flower, the leaves being remarkably elongated, and of a 

delicate 



* From Can, or Carta, a reed, in Celtic, and that from Cana, a watery- 
place, in the same language. 

VOL. IX. K *- 



delicate glaucous hue, while the large blossoms are varied 
with red or yellow. Notwithstanding its superiority in 
point of beauty over the Canna glauca /3, figured at t. 2302 
of this work, I dare not venture to consider it other than a 
variety. It flowers in the stove in the month of August. 

Descr. Stems four to five feet in height. Leaves of a 
singularly light and glaucous hue, the lower ones very long 
and lanceolate, much attenuated at the base, the upper ones 
gradually shorter and broader, elliptical-lanceolate, all of 
them sharply acuminated, and having a slender, scariose, 
reddish-brown margin. Flowers in a lax, compound spike. 
Calyx of three, convolute, erect leaves. Corolla with the 
upper lip in three deep, spathulate, ascending divisions, of 
a yellow colour, reddish below : lower lip of one revolute, 
linear, reddish -yellow segment. Filament of the same 
colour, petaloid, the apex recurved. Style much compress- 
ed, yellow below, red at the extremity. 



Fig. 1. Flower, from which the upper Lip is removed : — magnified. 



.i& stoit . I8M 









M&8 . 




( 3438 ) 
Westringia eremicola. Desert West- 

RINGIA. 

■Sfc .S^- &t A iSt 7 - Al &- .St 7 - -SK i- V t / - &- w'ty- &- r*^- ^t &i & &• ■ V I / . &. -fr. 

VJS MS MS MS MS MS MS MS MP MS MS MS MS MS MS MS MS MS MS MS MS 

C7tfss «wrf Order. 

DlDYNAMIA GYMNOSPERMIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Labiate. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cat. aequalis, 5-dentatus. Cor. tubo brevi, fauce ampli- 
ata, limbo subbilabiato, labio superiore bifido, inferiore tri- 
fido, lobo medio subbifido. Stam. 4, erecta, distantia; 
superiora fertilia, antheris dimidiatis unilocularibus glabris; 
inferiora sterilia, antheris bipartitis, lobis linearibus depen- 
dentibus cassis. — Frutices. Folia perennantia, ternatim vel 
quaternatim verticillata, integerrima. Benth. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Westringia eremicola ; foliis ternis linearibus margine revo- 
lutis subtus cinereis, calycibus sericeo-pubescentibus, 
dentibus tubo sublongioribus. Benth. Gen. et Spec. 
Labiat. p. 459. 

Westringia eremicola. Allan Cunningham, MSS. 

Westringia longifolia. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. t. 1481. non Br. 



A native of the internal parts of New South Wales, and 
as far as our researches have extended in that vast country, 
the only species known to be indigenous to the Interior — ■ 
the localities of its several congeners being confined to the 
coast-line, or its vicinity, where they either occupy exposed 
spots on the boundary sandhills of a weather-beaten shore, 
or stations in the stony back -grounds equally within the 
influence of the sea air. The present subject was originally 
discovered by the botanists attached to the expedition of 
Mr. Oxley on the Lachlan River, in 1817, who met with it 
scattered over a considerable extent of level, barren country, 
bounding that stream on the South-west. It approaches 

nearest 



nearest to G. longifolia, (Prodr. PI. Nov. Holl.) under 
which name it has been figured in the Botanical Register ; 
but it differs essentially from Mr. Brown's plant, in its 
leaves, which are shorter, having a white tomentum on 
the under side ; its flowers being moreover, altogether 
smaller, and the tube of the calyx somewhat shorter than 
the teeth. From seeds gathered in 1822, in the neigh- 
bourhood of Bathurst, where the plant was again detected, 
it was raised at Kew, from which garden it was distributed 
to other collections, and by the liberality of Mr. Aiton, 
specimens in flower were sent us in October last. 

During the winter season, it requires but the protection 
of a frame or pit ; at other periods of the year, it thrives well 
in the open air, and produces a succession of flowers between 
the months of spring and autumn. The usual mode of pro- 
pagation is by cuttings, for it hardly ripens its seeds in cul- 
tivation. 

Descr. An erect shrub, rising usually to the height of 
two or three feet, with many slender, cinereous, divaricate, 
rather copiously-leaved branches, for the most part of oppo- 
site insertion. Leaves verticillate, ternate, patent, about 
half an inch in length, somewhat subulate, linear, acute, 
mucronate, margins very revolute, dark -green, scabrous, in- 
terspersed with minute white hairs above, and clothed with 
a whitish pubescence on the underside. Flowers solitary, 
axillary, short-pedicelled, rather crowded at the extremities 
of the branches. Calyx subcampanulate, obtusely-angled, 
pubescent, with two linear bracteas at the base, extending 
beyond the lower half of the tube, five-cleft, teeth lanceo- 
late, acuminate, slightly subulate, equal to, or even longer 
than the tube. Corolla pale-blue, tube densely clothed with 
spreading, white hairs; upper lip obtuse, bifid, margins 
bent back, pubescent, without spots ; lower lip deeply tri- 
partite, for the most part smooth, with a few ochre-co- 
loured spots at the base, lateral segments retuse, emar- 
ginate, shorter than the intermediate one, which is dilated 
at the apex and bifid. Stamens four ; upper two fertile, 
lower two, imperfect. Filaments studded with numerous 
minute glandulous hairs, apex gibbous, and evidently 
jointed. Fertile Anthers one-celled, margins of the valves 
blue. Pollen white. Sterile Anthers white, bipartite, lobes 
linear, arcuate, dependent. Style filiform, exserted, the 
length of the filaments. Stigma bifid. Germen 4-lobed. 



Fig. I Calyx and Bracteas. 2. Corolla and Stamens. 8. Fruit invested 
by the Calyx. 



( 3439 ) 

Rhododendron calendulaceum, var. fulgidum. 
Flame-coloured Rhododendron ; orange-red var. 

******************** 

Class and Order. 

Decandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Ericejs. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-partitus. Cor. infundibuliformis, 5-loba. Stam. 
5 — 10, declinata ; antheris apice biporosis. Capsula 5-locu- 
laris, 5-valvis, ab apice dehiscens, valvarum marginibus in- 
flexis dissepimenta formantibus. Receptaculum centrale, 
5-angulare. Semina membrana involuta. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Rhododendron calendulaceum; foliis oblongo-ovalibus 
adultis hirsutis, corollas tubo laciniis breyiore piloso 
subviscido, calyce villoso. 

Azalea calendulacea. Mich. Am. v. I. p. 151. 

Var. croceum. Sims, Bot. Mag. t. 1721. 

Var. fulgida. Tab. nostr. t. 3439. 



This very beautiful plant was received by the Glasgow 
Botanic Garden from Mr. Malcolm as the var. fulgida of 
Azalea (now Rhododendron) calendulacea. It is, we believe, 
a hybrid variety, and if we may judge from the appearance, 
between R. Ponticum and R. nudiflorum, var. coccineum ; 
but of the parentage we will not undertake to speak : suffice 
it to say, that it recommends itself no less by the fine colour 
of its inflorescence, than by the bright green of its leaves, 
which spreading out beneath the corymbs of flowers, form a 
rich back ground to them. Cultivated in pots forced in the 
conservatory in the spring months, there are few plants 
better calculated to enliven a collection than the present. 
It comes near the " Copper-coloured High-clere Azalea" of 
Bot. Reg. 1. 1366, but is infinitely superior in point of rich- 
ness of colour. 



-x , 



3440 







( 3440 ) 

GlLIA ACHILLE^EFOLIA. M ILFOIL-LEAVED 

GlLIA. 

******************* 

Class and Order. 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Polemoniace^;. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cat. campanulatus, 5-fidus, margine et sinubus membra- 
naceis. Cor. infundibuliformis vel subcampanulata, limbo 
5-partito, laciniis obovatis integris. Stam. ad faucem v. 
vix intra tubum inserta. Antherce ovato-subrotundae. Cap- 
suite loculi polyspermi. Benth. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Gilia achillecefolia ; caule erecto glabriusculo, foliis bi- 
tripinnatisectis segmentis lineari-subulatis, corymbis 
capitatis multifloris longissime pedunculitis, calycibus 
sublanatis, corollis calyce duplo longioribus, stamini- 
bus corolla brevioribus. Benth. 

Gilia achilleaefolia. Benth. in Bot. Reg.fol. 1622. Lindl. 
Bot. Reg. t. 1682. 



A very pretty hardy annual, discovered by Mr. David 
Douglas, in North California, and sent to the Horticultural 
Society, by whom it has been distributed to various gar- 
dens. It blossoms during the summer months, and resem- 
bles, as Professor Lindley remarks, the Gilia capitata 
(Bot. Mag. t. 2698) ; but its flowers are much larger and 
of a more purple colour, and the stamens are not exserted. 

Descr. An upright, nearly glabrous, much branching 
plant, a foot or more high. Leaves alternate, deeply pin- 
natifid, sometimes bipinnatifid, the segments opposite, all 
linear, acute, the ultimate ones solitary on one side. Pe- 
duncles axillary and terminal, slender, bearing a corymb of 

from 



from eight or ten or even more flowers. Calyx downy, 
of five deep segments, united, for nearly their whole length, 
by an intermediate membrane. Corolla almost campan- 
ulate, with the limb spreading, of five rather acute, ovate 
lobes. Style exserted : Stigma trifid. 



Fig. 1. Calyx, including the Pistil : — magnified. 






( 3441 ) 

Phlox Drummondii. Mr. Drummond's 

Phlox. 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. PoLEMONIACEiE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cal. prismaticus 5-fidus. Cor. tubo elongato, limbo hy- 
pocrateriformi 5-lobo. Stam. inaqualia tubo inserta. Caps. 
3-locularis, 3-valvis, subtrisperma. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Phlox * Drummondii; annua, patenti-pilosa erecta, foliis 
oblongis acutis aristatis, basi subcordatis semiamplexi- 
caulibus infimis subspathulatis, floribus corymbosis, 
corollae laciniis subulatis acuminatissimis reflexis co- 
roll«que tubo (calycis tubum ter excedente) hirsutis- 



simis. 



Among the many interesting plants which attracted Mr. 
Drummond's attention during his journeyings m Texas, 
was the present very handsome species of Phlox. The 
seeds sent over, in the early part of the year 1835 soon 
vegetated, the plants blossomed most copiously, and with 
equal profusion and brilliancy of colour, whether in the 
greenhouse or in the open border ; and it bids fair to be a 
great ornament to the gardens of our country. Hence, and 
as it is an undescribed species, I am desirous that it should 
bear the name and serve as a frequent memento of its un- 
fortunate discoverer, who shortly after quitting 1 exas, tell 



* From p*£, flame, on account of the brilliancy of the blossoms in some 
species. 



a victim to the climate of Cuba, in the prime of life, and 
just as he was on the point of exploring the botanical riches 
of that portion of the United States, which, next to Texas, 
held out the best prospect of rewarding his indefatigable 
exertions, namely, Florida. He has, indeed, accomplished 
enough, by his zeal and researches, to secure to himself a 
lasting name throughout the botanical world : yet it is im- 
possible not deeply to regret the loss, both as concerns our 
favourite science and his friends. He had made arrange- 
ments for a grant of land in the interior of Texas, so that 
his prospects for the maintenance of his family were brighter 
than ever; and he could not have failed, by the proximity of 
his intended residence to the hitherto unexplored mountains 
of North Mexico, to render yet greater service to that sci- 
ence to which he was so ardently devoted, and in the pursuit 
of which, he has thus fallen a sacrifice. 

Descr. Phlox Drummondii has a small and decidedly 
annual root. Stem a foot or more high, simple or branch- 
ed, clothed with long, patent hairs. Leaves, below oppo- 
site, and oblongo-spathulate, above alternate and oblong, 
acute and aristate, somewhat cordate at the base, sometimes 
even auriculated, and semiamplexicaul, ciliated at the mar- 
gin and slightly hairy, but chiefly so beneath : all of them 
of a pale green colour. Corymbs terminal, of several large 
very showy flowers. Pedicels short, and as well as the 
calyx and subulate bracteas, clothed with long, patent hairs, 
some of which are tipped with glands. Calyx of five, long 
subulate segments, but united by a pellucid membrane for 
one half of their length into a tube ; the limb reflexed. 
Corolla hypocrateriform, with the tube about thrice as long 
as the tube of the calyx, and very hairy, with the hairs 
patent: the limb of five spreading, obovate, approaching to 
rhomboidal lobes, pale purple without, within, or on the 
upper side, of a brilliant rose-red or purple, varying exceed- 
ingly on different individuals in intensity, and in their more 
or less red or purple tinge : the eye generally of an exceed- 
ingly deep crimson. Stamens completely within the tube, 
but at different heights: the filaments, for almost their 
whole length, combined with the corolla. Germen ovate : 
Style short : Stigmas three, as long as the style. Capsule 
ovato-globose, beautifully dotted, tipped with the persistent 
style, and included within the persistent calyx. 



»4*1 . 




( 3442 ) 
Mespilus lobata. Cut-leaved Medlar. 

******************** 

Class and Order. 

ICOSANDRIA PENTAGYNIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Rosacea. ) 
Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-fidus, laciniis foliaceis. Pet. suborbiculata. Dis- 
cus magnus mellifluus. Styli 2 — 5, glabri. Pomum tur- 
binatum apertum 5-loculare, endocarpio osseo. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Mespilus* lobata; inermis, foliis obovato - ellipticis acutis 
serratis apice lobatis supra glabris nitidis subtus pubes- 
centibus, stipulis deciduis semicordatis, hinc auricu- 
latis incisis, floribus 1 — 5 corymbosis digynis. 

Mespilus lobata. Poir. Encycl. Bot. Suppl. v. 4. p. 71. 

Mespilus Smithii. De Cand. Prodr. v. 2. p. 633. 

Mespilus grandiflora. Smith, Ex. Bot. v. 1. p. 33. t. 18. 
Spreng. Syst. Veget. v. 2. p. 505. 



This interesting species of Medlar, handsome in its 
foliage, as well as in its blossoms, (which latter too yield a 
fragrance similar to that of the Hawthorn,) seems to have 
been long cultivated in our gardens and shrubberies, though 
we are wholly unacquainted with its native country. Sir 
James Smith first described it in the Exotic Botany, and 
named it M. grandiflora, an appellation which it scarcely 
merits : for the flowers are not larger than that of the only 
other true Mespilus, namely, M. Germanica, neither are 
they so small as to be " only half the size," of the latter, 
as stated by De Candolle, who changed the name to M. 
Smithii, without being aware that it was the M. lobata of 
Poiret, who described it from plants growing in the French 
nurseries. 

Descr. 



* Mtwr&v, the Greek name for the Medlar. 



Descr. A small tree, similar in its mode of growth to 
the common Medlar, with long, somewhat pendent branches 
and copious foliage, in which the pure white blossoms are, 
as it were, nestled. Leaves obovato-elliptical, on short 
petioles, the margins finely serrated, towards the extremity, 
on each side, distinctly lobed, acute, the upper surface 
glabrous and shining, the under paler, and slightly downy. 
Stipules semicordate, or cut and glanduloso-serrate, gene- 
rally with a lobe or auricle on one side at the base : but 
they are only seen at the base of the young leaves. Flowers 
large, white, fragrant, rarely solitary, generally two to five 
from the extremity of the numerous short branches, corym- 
bose. Germen top-shaped, downy. Calyx lanceolate, acu- 
minate, with glandular serratures, soon reflexed. Petals 
nearly orbicular, waved at the margin . Stamens numerous : 
Anthers purplish-brown. Styles two, rarely three : Stigmas 
capitate. 



1443 . 




( 3443 ) 

PulteNjEA cordata. Sharp Heart-leaved 

Pulten^ea. 

********************* 

Class and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Leguminosjs. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cat. 5-fidus, labiis proportionatis, bibracteatus (bracteis 
saepius ipso tubo insidentibus). Cor. papilionacea. Germ. 
sessile, dispermum. Stylus subulatus, adscendens. Stig- 
ma simplex. Strophiola seminis lobis posticis incisis. D C. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Pulten^a cordata; capitulis terminalibus, foliis cordato- 
ovatis acutis mucrone pungenti subcarnosis concavis 
utrinque glabris, stipulis scariosis. 



This plant was raised at the Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, 
in 1832, from seeds sent from Van Diemen's Land the year 
before, by Campbell Riddell, Esq. It flowered very freely 
in the greenhouse in April, 1835, and is highly ornamental, 
notwithstanding the lurid colour of its foliage and branches. 

Descr. Shrub erect ; branches erect, red, villous, when 
very young green. Leaves crowded, petiolate, spreading, 
cordato -ovate, acute, terminated by a pungent bristle; vein- 
less, somewhat fleshy, concave, glabrous on both sides, 
shining below, of a very dark green. Petioles red, fleshy, 
adpressed, tumid at the base. Stipules erect, acute, ad- 
pressed, nearly twice as long as the petioles, within which 
they cohere, membranous. Bractece, two, at the base of the 
calyx, ovato-lanceolate, keeled, adpressed, free, as long as 
the calyx-tube. Calyx red, villous, teeth of the lower lip 
spreading and somewhat reflected, equal. Flowers capi- 
tate at the extremity of the branches, 2 — 5 in the capitula, 

perfumed, 



/ 



perfumed, but not pleasantly ; standard rotundato-kidney- 
shaped, slightly notched, orange-coloured, with a few red 
streaks and spots near the claw ; ala spathulato-oblong, of 
the same colour and nearly as long as the standard, in con- 
tact by their upper edges, tooth short, claw linear, nearly 
half the length of the plate ; keel red-orange-coloured at 
the apex, monopetalous, the linear claws only being free, 
apex notched, teeth short and blunt, papilla on each side 
distinct. Stamens included. Anthers elliptico -rotund, 
orange-coloured. Pistil equal to the longest stamens. 
Germen silky. Graham. 



Fig. 1. Calyx and Bracteas. 2. Standard. 3. Ate. 4. Keel. 5. Pistil : 
— magnified, 



3444. 




( 3444 ) 

Begonia heracleifolta. Cow-parsnep- 
leaved Begonia. 

******************* 

Class and Order. 

MONCECIA PoLYANDRIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Begoniace^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Masc. Cat. o. Cor. polypetala. Pet. plerumque 4, 
inaequalia. F(em. Cat. o. Cor. petalis 4 — 9, plerumque 
inasqualibus. Styli 3, bifidi. Capsula triquetra, alata, tri- 
locularis, polysperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Begonia heracleifolta ; acaulis, foliis subaequalibus eordatis 
pilosis profunde palmatis, lobis 7 lauceolatis aeutis 
incisis serratisque, petiolis scapisque elongatis pateuti- 
hispidis, corollis dipetalis, fructu trialato, alis rotun- 
datis obtusis, altera maxima. 

Begonia heracleifolia. Schlecht. et Cham, in Linncea, v. 5. 
p. 603. Lindl. Bot. Reg. t. 1668. 

Begonia heracleifolia. Grah. in N. Phil. Journ. July, 
1833. 



Our plate represents a small flowering specimen, with 
male flowers only, of this fine and handsome plant from a 
drawing kindly made by Mr. Macnab at the Edinburgh Bo- 
tanic Garden, to which we have added a panicle with both 
male and female flowers, and nearly perfect fruit, from a 
noble plant in the stove of the Glasgow Botanic Garden, 
where it flowers in the greatest perfection, in April and May. 
The species is a native of Mexico, having been detected by 
Messrs. Schiede and Deppe in Xalapa, and first described by 
the learned authors above quoted in the Linnaea. Through 
Mr. Otto of Berlin, it has been introduced to our collections. 

vol. ix. l Descr. 



Descr. " Leaves (seven inches across) bright green 
above, paler below, all radical, subpeltate, cordato-palmate, 
hairy above and below, with seven strong radiating nerves, 
very prominent below, lobes lanceolate, oblong, undulate, 
sinuate, unequal, the central (four inches from the insertion 
of the petiole to its apex) being the largest, the others gra- 
dually smaller to the sinus ; petiole rather shorter than the 
middle lobe, densely covered with long, coarse, entangled 
crystalline hairs, which, in fading resemble yellow wool. 
Scape (two feet high) tapering upwards, straight, pretty 
closely covered with oblong, red streaks, from which spring 
long, tortuous, acute, crystalline hairs. Bracteas in op- 
posite pairs, at each division of the flower-stalks, serrated, 
ovate, hairy, dentato-ciliate, nerved, smaller in every suc- 
ceeding pair. Peduncles dichotomo-deliquescent, streaked 
like the scape, and somewhat hispid. Flowers rose-colour- 
ed, dipetalous, petals round, entire: male flowers in the 
cleft of the peduncles, expanding before the female. Sta- 
mens yellow, ascending : filaments cohering only at their 
base; anthers spathulate ; connective extending beyond the 
loculaments." Graham. Capsule triquetrous, with three 
obtuse, membranous, brownish wings, of which, two are 
comparatively short, the third much larger, and pointing 
upwards. 



Fig. 1. Stamens. 2. Capsule nearly ripe : — magnified. 






J 445. 




( 3445 ) 

Primula Sibirica ; /3. integ-errima. Sibe- 
rian Primrose ; entire-leaved var. 

************************* 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Primulacejs. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cal. tubulosus, quinquefidus seu quinquedentatus, per- 
sistens. Corolla tubulosa fauce v. nuda v. glandulosa, limbo 
5-lobo. Capsula apice 10-dentata polysperma. — Flores 
subumbellati involucrati. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Primula Sibirica; glaberrima, foliis oblongis quibusdam 
subrotundis membranaceis subrugosis integerrimis v. 
crenatis longe petiolatis, scapo erecto stricto gracili, 
umbella pauciflora, involucro subtriphyllo, foliolis cal- 
caratis vaginantibus pedunculis laxis, demum strictis 
et insequaliter elongatis. 

(a.) foliis crenatis. 

Primula Sibirica. Jacq. Misc. Austr. 1. 161. Willd. Spec. 
Plant. 1. 806. Roem. et Schult. Syst. Veg. 4. 143. 
Pers. 1. 170. Spreng. Syst. Veg. 1. 576. Ledebour, 
Fl. Altaic. 1. 213. Hook. Bot. Mag. t. 3167. 

Primula rotundifolia. Pall. It. 3.223. 

Primula intermedia. Ledebour, Mem. de I' Acad, des Sci- 
ences de St. Peters, v. 519. {var. minor.) 

Primula foliis ovatis, glabris, integerrimis; umbellis pauci- 
floris nntantibus. Gmel. Fl. Sib. 4. 83. t. 46./. 1. 

(/3.) foliis integerrimis. Tab. nostr. 34:45. 



This variety, as well as that figured at t.3167, is a native 
of marshes among the Altai Mountains about the middle 
of the range, and was received at the Botanic Garden, 

Edinburgh, 



Edinburgh, in 1832, from Mr. Goldie of Ayr, where several 
specimens flowered in the cold frame and greenhouse in 
March and April, 1835. 

Descr. Whole plant perfectly glabrous. Leaves all ra- 
dical, oblong, or some of the smaller ones subrotund, mem- 
branaceous, flaccid, flat, or concave at the base, of a light, 
lively green, entire in the margin, or obscurely toothed, 
veined and slightly rugose ; middle rib very strong, and 
forming a prominent keel behind ; petioles longer than the 
leaves and slender. Scape (in our cultivated plants eight 
inches to a foot high, in native specimens, according to 
Ledebour, from three inches to nearly a foot) erect, 
straight, slender, shining. Involucrum generally of three 
or four leaflets, but varying with the number of pedun- 
cles in the umbel, erect, adpressed, herbaceous, blunt or 
somewhat pointed, having at the base a colourless slightly 
spreading spur. Peduncles generally three or four, slender,, 
at first lax and somewhat nodding, afterwards straight, 
erect, parallel, and very unequally elongated (from half an 
inch to two inches). Calyx oblong, with five con ni vent, 
short, nearly blunt teeth, herbaceous, furrowed between the 
lobes, in appearance very nearly resembling the involucre, 
but herbaceous and gibbous, not toothed at the base. Co- 
rolla, tube nearly twice as long as the calyx, yellowish, 
slightly angled, dilated at the apex; limb (eight lines across) 
oblique, five-parted ; segments obcordate, two thirds of the 
length of the tube, reddish lilac, paler behind ; throat 
yellow. Stamens sessile in the dilated apex of the tube, 
oblong, yellow. Germen ovate, glabrous, green. Style 
straight, (shorter than the tube of the corolla in the speci- 
men examined,) reddish. Stigma globular, light-green. 
Graham. 






3 44tt 




J*ul< bu £ turtLs &imM$m*Ktt£ 



( 3446 ) 

Vaccinium Canadense. Canadian Whor- 

tle-berry. 

********************* 

Class and Order. 

Decandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Vaccinie^:. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 4-dentatus. Cor. urceolata s. campanulata, limbo 
4-fido, reflexo. Antherce bicornes. Bacca 4 — 5-locularis. 
Spr. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Vaccinium Canadense; ramis floriferis foliosis, racemis sub- 
corymbosis secuudis nutantibus bracteatis, corollis 
campanulatis, calycibus fere erectis, foliis lanceolatis 
integerrimis membranaceis deciduis supra (ad nervos) 
pubescentibus subtus hirsutis, germinis disco elevato 
medio depresso, stigmate incluso. 

Vaccinium Canadense. Herb. Banks. Rich, in Franhl. 
1st Journ. ed. 2. App. p. 12. Hook. Fl. Bor. Am. v. 
2. p. 32. 



This plant had often been received by Mr. Murray from 
Canada, and was long cultivated in the Botanic Garden of 
Glasgow, without a name, until we raised plants sent home 
by Mr. Drummond, from Capt. Sir John Franklin's second 
expedition; when, upon comparing flowering specimens 
with my original ones of V. Canadense, gathered and named 
by Dr. Richardson on the first of those important journies, 
I clearly ascertained that they were the same species, which 
nevertheless does not appear yet to have been taken up by 
any American Botanist. It flowers in May, and may be 
readily known from V. corymbosum by its dwarf size, leafy 
flowering branches, and campanulate corolla, from V. Penn- 

sylvanicum 



sylvanicum by its large, quite entire leaves, and wider 
mouth to the corolla, and from both by the very hairy leaves. 
It seems to have been first discovered by Kalm, whose spe- 
cimen, under the name adopted by Dr. Richardson, is pre- 
served in the Banksian Herbarium. 

Descr. Stem much branched, from six to eight or ten 
inches high, the branches clothed with a dingy-coloured, 
downy bark. Leaves often an inch long, lanceolate, acute 
at both extremities, quite entire at the margin, membrana- 
ceous, deciduous, soft and flaccid, the veins above downy, 
the whole underside clothed, but especially on the midrib 
and veins, with copious spreading hairs. Racemes short, 
four to six-flowered, subcorymbose. Calyx nearly erect, 
green. Corolla short and campanulate, white tinged with 
red, the mouth open, five-toothed, the teeth reflexed-. Sta- 
mens shorter than the style : and the style itself is included 
within the corolla. Berries blue-black, agreeable to the 
taste. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Calyx. 3, 4. Stamens. 5. Underside of a Leaf. 



3 I 1 1 







( 3447 ) 

Vaccinium myrtilloides. Flask-flow- 
ered Whortle-berry. 

Class and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Vaccines. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 4-dentatus. Cor. urceolata s. campanulata, liinbo 
4-fido reflexo. Anther & bicornes. Bacca 4 — 5-locularis. 
Spr. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Vaccinium myrtilloides ; foliis ovalibus ovatisque utrinque 
acutis serratis membranaceis glabris, pedunculis soli- 
tariis unifloris, corollis lato-ampullaceis depressis, ra- 
mulis angulatis. 

Vaccinium myrtilloides. Mich. Am. v. I. p. 234. Pursh, 
Fl. Am. v. I. p. 288. Hook. Fl. Bar. Am. v. 2. p. 32. 

Vaccinium angustifolium. Ait. Hort. Kew. ed. 1. v. 2. 
p. 11. 

(/3.) macrophyllum ; foliis majoribus. 

(y.) Myrtillus ; var. Sm. in Rees Cycl. 

(y.) membranaceum. Dougl. MSS. 



A very singular and well-marked species of Vaccinium, 
allied to our V. Myrtillus, and in a dry state, when the 
corollas are injured by pressure, it may be easily mistaken 
for a variety of that species, as was done by Sir J. E. Smith; 
but whoever sees recent flowering specimens, can never be 
at a loss to distinguish it : for the blossoms are so remark- 
ably short and broad, that they almost exactly resemble 
the apophysis of Splachnum ampullaceum. Introduced by 
Mr. Drummond, the indefatigable and meritorious Assistant 
Naturalist, during Capt. Sir John Franklin's second expe- 
dition 



dition into North America. He found it abundantly on 
hi°h alpine woods of the Rocky Mountains, about lat. 52°. 
It°was originally discovered by Michaux in " Canada and 
Hudson's Bay/' and it was found by Mr. Menzies on the 
North-west coast, and by Mr. Douglas on the West side ot 
the Rocky Mountains : so that like the V. casspitosum 
already figured in our Magazine, its place of growth extends 
from the Atlantic to the Pacific. 

Descr. In the Glasgow Botanic Garden, this plant torms 
a shrub about a foot high, with spreading branches, the 
younger ones of which are distinctly angular, pale brown. 
Leaves oval, sometimes oval-lanceolate, rarely ovate, acute 
at both extremities, membranous, deciduous, veiny, serrat- 
ed, glabrous. Peduncles solitary, short, curved downwards, 
each bearing a solitary, pendent jtoer : of which the corolla 
is remarkable for its flagon -shaped appearance, being glo- 
boso-urceolate, but singularly depressed, pale yellowish- 
green, or dingy white tinged with red. Stamens ten. Fua- 
ments glabrous : Anthers with two rather short awns. The 
fruit is large, globose, blackish-purple, apparently desti- 
tute of bloom, and according to the observations both ot 
Mr. Drummond and Mr. Douglas, highly esteemed by the 
natives. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Pistil and Calyx. 3. Stamens : magnified. 



;i44K. 




( 3448 ) 

Epimedium diphyllum. Twin-leaved 
Epi medium. 

******************* 

Class and Order. 
Tetrandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Berberide^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala 6 — 8, extus sensim minora. Petala 4 — 6, intus 
appendice discolora aucta. Capsula siliculiformis, poly- 
sperma. Semina obliqua transversim inserta. — Herbae ra- 
dicibus perennibus, foliis petiolatis multisectis. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Epimedium diphyllum; petiolis filiformibus dichotomis ra- 
ceinum unilateralem gerentibus, geniculis tumidis pi- 
losis, foliolo solitario in utroque raino, petalis planis. 

Epimedium diphyllum. Lodd. Bot. Cab. 1858. 



The petals (nectaries, Linn.) of this rare plant possess a 
form extremely unlike that which occurs in Epimedium al- 
pinum, but the variation is precisely similar to that which 
exists occasionally in Aquilegia, and cannot form a generic 
distinction, where the whole habit of the plant, and the 
structure of every part of fructification, except the corolla, 
is precisely as in the common species. I have taken a dif- 
ferent view of the petiole, and the origin of the flowers, 
from that which is commonly received, but it seems to me 
simplest, and that which best explains the appearances. 
This species is a native of Japan. We received a plant at 
Edinburgh from Berlin in 1834. It flowered pretty freely 
in the greenhouse of the Botanic Garden early in spring. 
I do not find the hairiness of the petiole, excepting at the 
joints, nearly so great as is represented in the Botanical 
Cabinet. 

Descr. 



Descr. Petioles all radical, numerous, filiform, dichoto- 
mous, sparingly covered with spreading hairs, which are 
more abundant at the swollen joints, each branch support- 
ing one leaflet, one of the branches occasionally trifid, and 
supporting three leaflets. Leaflet (length an inch and a half, 
breadth nine lines) about as long as the branch of the peti- 
ole, obliquely cordate, above of a lively green and glabrous, 
below glaucous and pubescent, about nine-nerved, reticu- 
late, distantly provided with bristle-shaped teeth. Many 
of the petioles barren, others having towards the top a 
swollen joint, from which a raceme springs. The portion 
of the petiole above this joint is equal in length to the 
branches of the barren petioles, and its subdivisons half of 
that length. Peduncle longer than the leaf and the portion 
of the petiole above its origin, without flowers for about 
half its length (rarely one or two in its axil) above this 
having about four straight, slender, glabrous, secund pedi- 
cels (about half an inch long) green and slightly swollen 
under the flower, the lower ones arising in the axils of small 
bracteas, which are wanting in the upper. Flowers ex- 
panding irregularly along the rachis, white, cernuous, with 
four unequal, caducous, slightly coloured, and dotted brac- 
teolaB at the base. Sepals four, lanceolato-oblong, spread- 
ing. Petals four, obovate, rather longer than the sepals, 
flat. Stamens four, about half as long as the sepals ; anthers 
nearly sessile, oblong, yellow, opening by a valve rolling 
upwards on each side ; connective green ; pollen granules 
minute, oblong, yellow. Pistil green, longer than the sta- 
mens ; stigma blunt, terminal; style filiform ; germen ob- 
long, gibbous on the lower side, unilocular ; ovules several, 
obovate, attached to the dorsal suture. Graham. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Calyx and Petal. 3. Stamens and Pistil. 4/5. Sta- 
mens. 6. Pistil '.—magnified. 



:tin) 







( 3449 ) 

Dyckia rariflora. Few-flowered 
Dyckia. 

********************* 

Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Bromeliace^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cat. triphyllo-tripartitus; laciniae (v. foliola) subaequales, 
erectae, (nunquam spirales,) ellipticae, concavae. Cor. urce- 
olato-subcampanulata ; petala erecta (nee spiraliter sibi in- 
cumbentia), crassiuscula, obovato-rhomboidea, basi nuda. 
Filam. lanceolata, acuminata, ad \ — | in cylindrum basi 
petalorum adnatum connata. Antherce erectae, ovato-lan- 
ceolatae, basi sagittato-emarginata affixas. Germen pyra- 
midali-oblongum, trilobum, tripartibile, triloculare, tri- 
valve ; loculis polyspermism apice vacuis, valvulis concavis, 
coriaceis, marginibus introflexis dissepimenta formantibus ; 
ovulis angulo interno loculorum biseriatim affixis. Styl. 
brevissimus v. subnullus (?) tripartibilis. Stigmata 3, pa- 
tentia, apice bifida. Schult.Jil. in Martius FL Brasil. ined. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Dyckia* rariflora; foliis lineari-subulatis recurvo-paten- 
tibus, spica rariflora, bracteis membranaceis adpressis, 
calyce acutiusculo dimidio brevioribus. 

Dyckia rariflora. Schultesjil. inSyst. Veget. 7. 1195. 



We received this plant, which is a native of Brazil, from 
the liberal conductors of the Botanic Garden, Berlin, in 

1832. 



* So named in honor of the Prince de Salm Dyck, distinguished for his 
knowledge of Succulent Plants, and his noble Collection of them in a living 
state. 



1832. It is very handsome, and flowered, for the first time, 
in the stove of the Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, in June, 
1835. 

Descr. Stem short, stout. Leaves (seven inches long, 
four to six lines broad at the base) crowded, subulate, spread- 
ing, deflexed in the upper half, rigid; above, when young, 
channelled, afterwards flat, of an uniform dark-green colour, 
shining ; below rounded, glaucous, striated ; teeth aristato- 
spinous, distant, spreading, straight or hooked backwards 
or forwards, dark brown. Flower-stalk (two feet high) 
elongated, erect, somewhat woolly at the top, scaly, the 
scales woolly, adpressed, and clasping, below resembling 
reduced, suberect leaves, above less acuminated : membra- 
nous, and marcescent. Flowers (about twelve) scattered 
loosely near the top of the stalk, without pedicels, arising in 
the axils of the scales, spreading, orange-coloured. Calyx 
three-parted, segments rigid, concave, ovate, overlapping 
at the base, adpressed, twice as long as the scales. Corolla 
twice as long as the calyx, trifid, triquetrous when fully ex- 
panded, nectariferous at the base ; segments slightly une- 
qual in breadth, rhomboid, elongated at the base, spread- 
ing along the centre, compressed on the sides, somewhat 
undulate, united at the base with the calyx into a fleshy 
mass. Stamens six, inserted into the corolla, but alternately 
in the centre of the segments, and towards the edge so as to 
be opposite to the sepals, subexserted ; filaments broad, 
flattened, slightly tapering at the apex ; anthers bilocular, 
sagittato-oblong, bursting along the front, attached at the 
bottom of the sinus to the filament, and placed on the face 
of a broad connective; pollen granules minute, yellow, ob- 
long. Pistils shorter than the stamens ; style trifid, seg- 
ments twisted together, and towards the apex each on its 
own axis, so as to give the linear stigma a spiral form. 
Germen oblong, three-lobed, lobes cohering in the centre ; 
ovules numerous, rounded, flattened from being crowded 
above each other, attached in two rows within each locula- 
ment to a central receptacle. Graham. 



Fig. 1. Stamens. 2. Pistil : magnified. 




S45©. 




( 3450 ) 

Isopogon spathulatus; var. linearis. Spathulate- 
leaved Isopogon; linear-leaved var. 

Class and Order. 

Tetrandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Proteace^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium quadrifidum, tubo gracili diutius persistente 
Squama nullae hypogynae. Stylus totus deciduitis. Stigma 
fusiforme v. cyhndraceum. Nux sessilis, ventricosa, undi- 
que comosa.— Frutices rigidas. Folia glabra, plana v. fili- 
formia, divisa v. integerrima. Capitula terminalia, raro 
axillaria. Flores modo densissime imbricati, strobilo glo- 
boso ; modo fastigiati, receptaculo communi planiusculo 
subinvolucrato, paleis deciduis, congestis. Br. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Isopogon spathulatus ; foliis cuueato-obovatis lineari-spa- 

thulatisve, apiculo acuto, caule prolifero, capitulis 

solitariis obvallatis. Br. 
Isopogon spathulatus. Br. Prodr. Fl. Nov. Roll. Suppl. 

Prim. p. 8. 
(«.) obovatus ; folia obovata plana. Br. loc. cit. 
((3.) linearis; folia lineari-spathulata. Br. loc. cit. Tab. 

nostr. 3450. 



A native of King George's Sound, where, it appears, the 
two varieties enumerated by Mr. Brown were discovered 
by Mr. Baxter in 1829, and by whom the present one was 
introduced to the gardens near London in the following 
year. It is a plant of strong growth, flowering with 
freedom in the spring of the year, and, although not so con- 
spicuous among other plants of the greenhouse, as its 
congener I. Loudoni of Mr. Brown, of which we lately 
published a figure in this work, (tab. 3421,) it nevertheless 

will 



will doubtless be regarded., when more generally known, as 
deserving a place in every choice Collection — the disposition 
it manifests to push forth its heads of blossoms at the ex- 
treme points of the lateral branchlets, which the plant 
throws out rather abundantly, and by which it is readily 
propagated, rendering this narrow - leaved variety of our 
species, well worth the cultivator's care. 

Descr. A smooth shrub of rather irregular growth ; in 
cultivation, seldom above two feet in height, much branch- 
ed, and inclined to a bushy habit. Branches elongated, 
spreading, often horizontal and slightly deflexed, prolife- 
rous, more or less disposed in whorls, clothed with a brown 
bark ; the branchlets covered with cinereous hairs. Leaves 
numerous, much crowded, especially at the extremities of 
the branchlets, linear-spathulate, thick, coriaceous, veinless, 
dark-green, slightly convex on the upper side, and termi- 
nated in a short, horny, red mucro, the adult ones being 
about an inch in length, smooth, and laevigated. Flowers 
pale-purple, crowded together at the extremities of the 
branchlets, and forming solitary, sessile heads, encircled by 
short leaves. Bractes lanceolate, acuminate, reticulately- 
veined, and densely ciliated with long white hairs. Perianth 
slender, smooth, divided into four linear subspathulate 
laciniae, equal in length to the tube, the points of the 
laminae being dark-purple, concave above, ciliated, tipped 
with long, white, silky hairs, and in the concavities the 
anthers are immersed. Anthers four, linear, bilocular, 
yellow, each furnished at the apex with a small capitated 
point. Style filiform, smooth, the length of the perianth. 
Stigma fusiform, studded with small, transparent, short 
points, obtusely apiculated. 




ds;, n z>ec.r ■ 






( 3451 ) 
Brassia caudata. Long-tailed Brassia. 

******************** 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^;. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium explanatum. Sepala et petala angusta, li- 
bera, asqualia ; his nunc minoribus. Labellum planum, 
indivisum, ecalcaratum, columna continuum, basi bicrista- 
tum. Columna libera, aptera, nana. Anthera 1-locularis. 
Pollinia 2, postice sulcata, caudicula brevi, glandula crassa. 
— Epiphytae pseudo-bulbosa. Folia pergamenea. Scapi 
radicales vaginati. Flores speciosi, spicati. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Brassia* caudata ; sepalis ovato-lanceolatisacuminatis, late- 

ralibus longissimis, petalis acutis minoribus, labello 

acuminato. Lindl. 
Brassia caudata. Lind. Bot. Reg. t. 832. Hook. Ex. Fl. 

t. 179. Spreng. Syst. Veget. v. 3. p. 729. Lindl. Gen. 

et Sp. Orchid, p. 212. 
Malaxis caudata. Willd. Sp. PL v. 4. p. 83. 
Epidendrum caudatum. Linn. Sp. PL p. 1349. 
Helleborine ramosissima, caulibus et floribus maculosis 

Plum. Ic. t. 277. 



A most singular and beautiful plant, an inhabitant of 
Jamaica, and, probably, of other West Indian islands, 
first introduced to this country, we believe, by Mr. Lee of 
Hammersmith, and now pretty general in our collections 

of 



* In compliment to Mr. Brass, an assiduous collector of plants in South 
Africa, for the Royal Gardens at Kew. 



VOL. IX. M 



of tropical Orchidece, being a ready flowerer, and continu- 
ing long in blossom. Our figure was made at the Glasgow 
Botanic Garden, in September, 1834. 

Descr. From the top of an oblong, compressed, dark- 
green bulb, sheathed at the base with three or four large 
brown scales, arise two oblong, coriaceous leaves. From 
the base of the same bulb, and subtended by a small leaf 
with a long, sheathing base, springs a flower-stalk, which, 
(including the spike,) measures eighteen inches long, and 
is drooping. Flowers eight to ten, large. Sepals lanceolate, 
acuminate, the two lateral ones with excessively long, slen- 
der tails; all of them, as well as the two petals, (much 
shorter, and smaller in size than the sepals,) of a pale, 
greenish -yellow colour, marked with dark-brown spots. 
Lip oblong, yellowish, with a narrow acumen, at the base 
marked with red- brown spots, and bearing two oblong 
glands. Column short, pale green. Anther-case hemi- 
sphaerical, yellow. 



Fig. 1. Lip of the Corolla. 2. Pollen-masses: — magnified. 







Ju£. <?y S Curb* attKUmraaiS'iuzJJeC "J.ISb'- 



( 3452 ) 

Phacelia congesta. Cluster-flowered 
Phacelia. 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Hydrophylleye. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx quinquepartitus, persistens. Corolla subcampa- 
nulata, quinquefida, basi intus quinquesulcata. Stamina 
exserta. Stylus brevis, stigmatibus 2 elongatis. Capsula 
bivalvis, tetrasperma, valvula singula dissepimento dimi- 
diato. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Phacelia* congesta; pubescens, foliis inaequaliter pinnatis, 
pinnis pinnatifidis inciso-lobatis, racemis corymbosis 
multifloris. 



Among the many interesting plants, collected by Mr. 
Drummond in Texas, and sent home in his last despatches 
from that interesting country, the present beautiful species 
of Phacelia was the first to display its pretty blossoms in 
the Glasgow Botanic Garden. They were in perfection in 
the greenhouse, in the month of June ; and being an annual 
plant, there is no doubt but it will soon become a great 
ornament to our flower-borders. It was discovered at 
Galveston Bay. As a species, its nearest affinity is with P. 
bipinnatifida of Mich. Fl. Bor. Am. v. 1 . p. 134. 1. 16, a native 
of the Alleghanies, whence I have fine specimens from Dr. 
Short ; but that is altogether a much larger plant, with 
less divided leaves, and a simple, or at most a forked raceme. 

Descr. 



* From paxi^of, a bundle, on account of the crowded flowers. 



Descr. Root annual. Stem rounded, downy, waved, 
and branched in our cultivated specimens, simple and up- 
right in our native ones. Leaves stalked, pinnated, pinnae 
alternate, extremely unequal, oblongo-ovate, some sessile, 
some on petioles, pinnatifid, lobed and cut, the ultimate 
ones almost bipinnatifid : all slightly downy. Peduncles 
lateral and terminal, bearing three to five rather dense, 
corymbose racemes, of bright purplish -Hue flowers. Calyx 
lateral, compressed, of five deep, linear-lanceolate, erect 
segments. Corolla broadly campanulate, with a large, 
spreading, five-lobed limb: at the bottom of the tube 
within, are five pairs of oblong, oblique, white, mem- 
branous, convex scales, much resembling the involucres 
of some Asplenia, and between each pair a filament of a 
stamen is inserted. Anther small, yellow. Germen ovate, 
very hairy, two-celled, four-seeded: seeds attached to a 
central receptacle. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Calyx and Pistil. 3. Portion of the Tube of the 
Corolla, to show the Scales. 4. Pistil :— magnified. 



.•> t.».i 




//' 




( 3453 ) 

RlJBUS NlJTKANUS. NlITKA BRAMBLE. 

Class and Order. 

IcOSANDRIA POLYGYNIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Rosacea. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cat. fundo planiusculus 5-fidus nudus. Pet. 5 et Stam, 
numerosa calyci inserta. Carpella plurima in toro mani- 
festo protuberante non carnoso capitate, stylo sublaterali 
superata, in drupellas carnosas conversa. Semen inver- 
sum. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Rubus Nutkanus ; caule frnticoso erecto flexuoso stolon i- 
fero apice glanduloso-piloso basi nudinsculo, foliis 5- 
lobis inaequaliter dentatis, corymbis simplicibus, caly- 
cibus subinennibus cuspidatis, laciniis corollas albae 
aequalibus, stipnlis connatis persistentibus. Lindl. 

Rubus Nutkanus. De Cand. Prodr. v. 2. p. 566. Lindl. 
Bot. Reg. t. 1368. Hook. FL Bor. Am. v. I. p. 183. 



A large-flowered, handsome Rubus, nearly allied to the 
R. odoratus, or Flowering Raspberry of our gardens and 
shrubberies, of which the distinguishing characters are ably 
pointed out by Professor Lindley in the Register above 
quoted. It is a native of the western side of North Ame- 
rica, having been discovered by A. Menzies, Esq. during 
the voyage of Captain Vancouver, at Queen Charlotte's 
Sound, lat. 51°, on the north-west coast of America ; and 
has been since ascertained by the late Mr. Douglas to have 
a range along that shore, from 43° in North California to 
Nutka Sound, in lat. 52°, where Mocino gathered it. Mr. 
Douglas found it extending in the Interior to the head- 
springs of the Columbia River, while Mr. Drummond is the 

only 



only person who has detected it on the eastern declivity of 
the Rocky Mountains,, in lat. 52°. It is a hardy shrub with 
us, flowering in the summer months. 

Descr. Stems erect, branched, woody, the branches 
glabrous, or sparingly setose, with glandular hairs. Leaves 
large, handsome, cordate, five-lobed, the lobes broad, acute, 
doubly seriated, the surface beautifully and copiously reti- 
culated with veins. Peduncles terminal, corymbose, and, 
as well as the pedicels and calyx, glandular. Calyx-leaves 
ovate, concave, suddenly acuminated. Petals large, white, 
nearly orbicular, crumpled. Stamens numerous: anthers 
yellow. Pistils numerous. 



3454 




■ 



( 3454 ) 

Rhododendron maximum; hybridum. Laurel- 
leaved Rhododendron : hybrid var. 

Class and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Ericine,e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 5-partitus. Corolla infundibuliformis 5-lobus. 
Stamina 5 — 10, declinata : antheris apice biporosis. Cap- 
sula 5-locularis 5-valvis, ab apice dehiscens, valvarum mar- 
gmibus inflexis dissepimenta formantibus : Receptaculum 
centrale 5-angulare. Semina membrana involuta. 

Specific Name and Synonyms. 

Rhododendron .max :imum : hybridum. 

Rhododendron hybridum; bigener. Lindl. Bot. Reg. t. 

Rhododendron fragrans. Hortulan. 



This charming plant has been for some time cultivated 
in the American border of the Glasgow Botanic Garden 
under the name by which it was received of Rhododendron 
fragrans. It has every appearance of a hybrid, and has so 
many points in the form and colour and fragrance of the 
blossoms common with the R. hybridum, (bigener, of the 
Botanical Register,) that I have little hesitation in referring 
to that figure as a synonym. The chief differences are, that 
in the plant now alluded to, the flowers are smaller' and 
the leaves larger than in ours ; which latter is indeed 
much the handsomer of the two. Assuming the two to 
have the same origin, then our hybrid is the offspring; of 
the common white, glaucous-leaved Azalea, which had 
been fertilized with the pollen of Rhododendron maximum 
Whatever be its origin, it is amply worthy of a place in 
every flower-garden and shrubbery. P 



:>, t.v> 







( 3455 ) 

BELLIS 1NTEGRIFOLIA. AMERICAN DAISY. 

*********************** 

Class and Order. 
Syngenesia Superplua. 

( Nat. Ord. — Composite. ) 

Generic Character. 

Involucrum hemisphaericum subuniseriale; squamis aequa- 
libus. Radius uniserialis. Pappus o. Achenium com- 
pressum erostre. Receptaculum conicum nudum. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Bellis integrifolia ; annua puberula ramosa gracilis, foliis 
oblongis spathulatisve integerrimis, involucri foliolis 
lipearibus acutissimis, acheniis pyriformibus pubes- 
centi-hirsutis. 

Bellis integrifolia. Mich. Am. v. 2. p. 131. Pursh, Fl. 
Am. v. 2. p. 527. 

Eclipta integrifolia. Spreng. Syst. Veget. v. 3. p. 602. 

Brachycome xanthocomoides. Less. Comp. p. 192 ? Lin- 
ncea, v. 9. p. 265 ? 



This rare plant was long known only from the report of 
Michaux, as an inhabitant of shady hills and banks of 
rivers in Tenessee. Pursh had never seen it. Nuttall, 
when he-wrote his useful Genera of North American Plants, 
was unacquainted with it, and observed, " No Botanist 
has yet collected this plant since Michaux. Is it not an 
Eclipta ?" — And upon this latter suggestion, as it would 
appear, Sprengel transferred it to Eclipta : and a general 
opinion prevailed that no species of our favourite Daisy 
was to be found in the New World. But Mr. Nuttall 
had afterwards the good fortune to meet with it himself in 
the Arkansa Prairies, and to him and to Dr. Boott I am 
indebted for my first knowledge of the species. Dr. Short 

finds 



finds it abundant in some parts of Kentucky : and Mr. 
Drummond gathered it both at Rio Brazos and San Felipe 
de Austin, in Texas, from whence he sent numerous speci- 
mens and seeds. From the latter, Mr. Murray has raised 
plants, which blossomed in a cool frame and in the open 
air, during the months of June and July, in the Glasgow 
Botanic Garden. Michaux was assuredly correct in refer- 
ring the plant to the Genus Bellis, with which it accords 
in every essential particular. Mr. Arnott, indeed, is of 
opinion that this plant is the same as the Brachycome 
xanthocomoides, Less. Comp. p. 192, and Linuaea, v. 9. 
p. 265, from Mexico ; but the Bellis aculeata, and B. 
ciliaris of Larill., are true genuine species of Brachycome, 
and the fruit in them is totally different from that of our 
Bellis. 

Descr. Root annual, small. Stems rarely simple and 
unbranched, generally they are branched, and frequently 
many arise from the same root and are spreading or ascend- 
ing, sparingly downy or hairy, slender; branches filiform. 
Leaves mostly remote, oblong or spathulate, entire, the 
upper ones nearly sessile, the lower ones broader, almost 
ooovate and more decidedly petiolate : all of them slightly 
downy or hairy. Peduncles terminal upon the stem or 
branches, elongated, naked, single-flowered : flowers droop- 
ing before expansion. Involucre of about twenty equal 
leaflets, almost entirely in a single series, linear, very acute, 
the margins pale and diaphanous. Corollas of the Ray four- 
teen to twenty, ligulate, white, with a purplish tinge, espe- 
cially on the outside, entire or two-toothed at the apex. 
Corollas of the Disc live-cleft, remarkably contracted at the 
base. Anthers without spurs. Lobes of Stigma ovate, erect. 
Achenium pyriform, on a pitted receptacle, hairy, slightly 
compressed. 



Fig. 1. Floret of Disc. 2. Ditto of the Ray. 3. Receptacle and Involucre. 
4. Achenium: — magnified. 






345G 







( 3456 ; 

Veltheimta glauca (var. floribus rubescenri-pur- 
pureis). Glaucous-leaved Veltheimta (red- 
purple -flowered var.') 

Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Liliace^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Corolla monopetala, cylindraceo-tubulosa ; limbo brevis- 
simo erecto-patulo, 6-dentato, regulari, laciniis subaequa- 
libus. Filamenta medio tubi adnata, inde libera, inclusa. 
Stylus subulato-filiformis declinatus, stigmate cuspidato. 
Capsula diaphano-membranacea, trialata, subovata : locu- 
lis 5 monospermis. Semina obovata. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Veltheimia* glauca; foliis lato-lanceolatis patentibus acu- 

tis undulatis glaucis, perianthii limbo subpatente. 

Jacq. Hort. Schoznbr. v. I. p. 40. t. 77. 
Veltheimia glauca. Willd. Sp. PL v. 2. p. 182. Bot. 

Mag. t. 1091. (flore albo.) Spreng. Syst. Veg. v. 2. 

p. lb. 
Aletris glauca. Ait. Hort. Kew. ed. 1. v. 1. p. 485. 
Var. floribus rubescenti-purpureis. — Tab. nostr. t. 3456. 
Veltheimia glauca. Redout. PI. L'diac. v. 8. t. 440. 



This handsome Cape bulb is worthy of a place in the 
pages of this Magazine, not only as exhibiting flowers of a 
very different colour from those of the same species repre- 
sented at p. 1091 of this work, but also as showing the true 
form and direction of the leaves, which in the former plate 

of 



* In honour of Fr. Aug. DE Vklthkim, a German patron of Botany. 



of this Magazine, as well as in the splendid figure given in 
the Hortus Schcenbrunensis, appear in both cases to have 
been affected by the plants having been unnaturally drawn 
up by heat, so as to assume an altogether different appear- 
ance. Redoute's figure, on the other hand, is highly 
characteristic. We are indebted at the Glasgow Botanic 
Garden for our bulbs to Baron Ludwig, a nobleman resident 
at the Cape of Good Hope, where he generously devotes his 
time and his fortune to the promotion of Botany and Horti- 
culture, particularly with the view of rendering service to 
the colony by the introduction of useful plants. To Europe 
he has, with the greatest liberality, communicated many 
rare South African plants, and has enriched our gardens 
with several new or little known species. 

Descr. Bulb elongated, covered with dark brown coats. 
Leaves arising from the bulb, the lowermost ones almost 
ovate and scarcely at all contracted at the base, the rest 
gradually becoming more elongated, very broadly lanceo- 
late, and patent, acute, glaucous and waved, especially at 
the margin, faintly striated, beneath having a rather con- 
spicuous thick costa, the base attenuated, and in the upper 
leaves especially, forming a long sheath. Scape ten inches 
to a foot high : bearing a dense raceme of flowers, erect in 
the bud, altogether pendent when fully expanded, of a red- 
dish colour marked with paler spots ; each segment with a 
little white spot at the point; the limb purple: Filament 
curved, arising from the middle of the tube : Anthers ob- 
long, yellow. Germen oblong, green, six -angled : style as 
long as the perianth, curved : stigma acute. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. The same cut through vertically : — magnified. 



3*57 




( 3457 ) 
Epidendrum conopseum. Florida Epi- 

DENDRUM. 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala patentia, subaequalia. Petala sepalis aequalia vel 
angustiora, rarius latiora., patentia vel reflexa. Labellum 
cum marginibus columns omnino vel parte connatum, lim- 
bo integro vel diviso, disco saepius calloso, costato vel tuber- 
culato; nunc in calcar productum ovario accretuin et cuni- 
culum formans. Columna elongata; clinandrio marginato, 
saepe fiinbriato. Anthera carnosa, 2 — 4-locularis. Pollinia 
4, caudiculis totidem replicatis annexa. — Herbae (Ameri- 
cana) epiphytal, caule nunc apice vel basi pseudo-bulboso, 
nunc elongato apice folioso. Folia carnosa, rarissime venis 
elevatis striata. Flores spicati, racemosi, corymbosi, vel 
paniculati, terminates vel later ales. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Epidendrum conopseum ; foliis binis subradicalibus rigidis 
coriaceis, scapis plurifloris, sepalis linearibus, obtusis 
petalisqueangustioribus spathulatis patentibus, labello 
obcordato obtuse trilobo. 

Epidendrum conopseum. Br. in Ait. liort. Kew. ed. 2. v. 
5. p. 219. Nutt. Gen. Am. v. 2. p. 198. Ell. Carol. 
v. 2. p. 506. Spreng. Syst. Veget. v. 3. p. 757. Lindl. 
Gen. et Sp. Orchid, p. 106. 

Epidendrum Magnolias. MuhL Cat. 81. 



A plant, I believe, of very rare occurrence in our collec- 
tions, and rendered the more interesting from being the 

only 



only parasitical Orchideous plant found in the United 
States. It inhabits, indeed, only the southern territories, 
sometimes growing on the trunk of the Oaks, but far more 
generally on that of Magnolia grandijlora. It was first 
found by Mr. William Bartram in Florida, and among the 
very last despatches of plants sent by the late Mr. Drum- 
mond, which were from Apalachicola in West Florida, were 
several specimens of this delicate epiphyte. Mr. Elliott 
observes, that its most northern limit is at the entrance of 
Port Royal Inlet, on the coast of Carolina, in lat. 32. 
Indeed it seems to be confined chiefly to the vicinity of the 
sea ; yet it must be capable of enduring some degree of 
frost, for at the very time that Mr. Drummond procured his 
living plants at the spot above-mentioned, the ice was so 
thick in one night's time as to bear the weight of a man. 
Our flowering specimens were obligingly communicated by 
Messrs. Shepherds, from the rich collection of Epiphytes at 
the Liverpool Botanic Garden, to which it was sent from 
North Carolina, by Mr. Gordon, attached to branches of 
Magnolia grandijlora. 

Descr. Whole plant not more than four to five inches 
high, slender, graceful. Roots thick, fleshy, vermicular. 
Stems short, scarcely an inch long, and not thicker than a 
sparrow's quill. Leaves two, oblongo-lanceolate, acute, 
springing from the extremity of the short stems, and from 
the middle of them arises a peduncle, bearing five to six 
pale yellowish-green flowers. Sepals cutieato-spathulate, 
spreading: petals similar, but narrower. Lip three-tobed, 
lobes broad, middle one emarginate ; at the base above are 
two glands. Column elongated, the margin reddish. An- 
ther-case hemispaerical. 



Fig. 1. Front view of the Lip and Column : — magnified. 



*ho .$ ,ii£jb£M 



INDEX, 

In which the Latin Names of the Plants contained in the Ninth 
Volume of the New Series (or Sixty -second of the Work) are 
alphabetically arranged. 



PL 
3408 
3420 
3394 

3380 

3376 
3413 
3387 
3444 
3455 
3451 
3379 
3437 
3435 
3388 
33S1 
3105 
3398 
3115 
3432 
3430 
3412 
34 LS 
3382 
3449 
3111 
3407 
3457 
3410 
3448 
3427 
3399 
3440 
3404 
3374 
3397 
3424 
3425 
3421 
3450 

3383 
3419 

3442 
3377 
3378 
3395 
3403 



Acacia prensans. 

— — — ■ tristis. 

undulsefolia. 

Anagallis Monelli, var. Will- 
moreana. 

Anemone vitifolia. 

Barosma crenulata. 

Begonia geraniifolia. 

' heraeleifolia. 

Bellis integrifolia. 

Brassia caudata. 

Calandrinia speciosa. 

Canna glauca, y rubro-lutea. 

Caasia glandulosa, 

Catasetum purum. 

Cereus grandiflorus. 

Chilodia scutellarioides. 

Glerodendrou hastatum. 

Craspodia maerocephala. 

Crataegus coccmea. 

Crcscentia Cujete. 

Cypripedium insigne. 

Dondrobium densiflorum. 

Diplopappus incanus. 

Dyckia rari flora. 

Echinocactus Eyriesii. 

Epacris imprcssa. 

Epidendrum conopseum. 

■ ■ ■? stenopetalum. 

Epimedium diphyllum. 

Erica recur vata. 

Eurycles Cunninghamii. 

Gilia acbilleaefolia. 

Goldfussia anisophylla. 

Habenaria gigantea. 

■ goodyeroides. 

Hakea ferruginea. 

Hoya Pottsii. 

Isopogon Loudoni. 

spathulatus, var. li- 
nearis. 

Justicia carnea. 

Leptospermumscoparium, var. 
grandiflorum. 

Mespilus lobata. 

Microtis parviflora. 

media. 

Maxillaria Deppii. 

Neottia calcarata. 



PL 
3392 
3393 
342(3 

3431 
3391 
3452 

3441 
3386 
3396 
3414 
3445 

3400 
3401 
3143 
3409 
3439 

3423 

3422 

3454 

3453 
3389 
3406 
3436 
3385 
3390 
3417 
3375 

3128 
3429 
3446 
3433 
3447 
3434 
3416 

3456 

3384 
3438 
3402 



Oenothera sinuata. 
Oncidium triquetrum. 
Orchis tephrosanthos, var. 

densifolius. 
Pseonia Russi. 
Pentstemon Richardsomi. 
Phacelia congesta. 
Phlox Drummondii. 
Physostegia imbricata. 
Plagianthus? sidoides. 
Primula Palinuri. 
■ Sibirica; 0. integer- 

rima. 
Pterostylis concinna. 

acuminata. 

Pultenam cordata. 
Randia Bowieana. 
Rhododendron calendula- 

ceum, car. fulgidum. 
■ arboreum, var. 

hybriduni altaclerense. 
■ Caucasicum, 



var. stramineum. 
■ maximum, hy- 
briduni. 

Rubus Nutkanus. 

Ruellia elegans. 

Saxif'raga hgulata. 

Sida inaequalis. 

Solanum Tweedianum. 

Sophora tomentosa, /3. 

Stvpandra propinqua. 

Tropaeolum majus, var. atro- 
sanguineum. 

Vaccinium albiflorum. 

— csespitosum. 

. Canadense. 



— corymbosum. 

— myrtilloides. 
Pennsylvanicum. 



Vanda Roxburghi, var. uni- 

color. 
Veltheimia glauca, (var. flori- 

bus rubescenti-purpureis). 
Wedelia ? aurea. 
Westringia eremicola. 
Zygopetalum Mackaii, |8. cri* 

nitum. 



INDEX, 

In which the English Names of the Plants contained in the Ninth 
Volume of the New Series (or Sixty-second of the Work) are 
alphabetically arranged. 



PI. 
3420 
3408 
3394 
3376 
3387 
3444 
3453 
3451 
3413 
3411 
3430 
3379 
3435 
3388 
3381 

3405 
3398 
3415 
3455 
3418 
3413 
3382 
3449 
3407 
3410 
3457 
3448 
3392 

3399 

3440 
3404 
3374 
3397 
8424 
3427 

3425 
3375 

3437 

3421 
3450 

3383 
3412 
3419 

3395 
3442 
3377 



Acacia, mournful. 

prickly-feathered. 

wave-leaved, variable. 

Anemone, Vine-leaved. 

Begonia, Geranium-leaved. 

- Cow-parsnep-leaved. 

Bramble, Nutka. 

Brassia, long-tailed. 

Bucku, or crenulated Diosma. 

Cactus, sweet-scented, spiny. 

Calabash Tree. 

Calandrinia, showy-flowered. 

Cassia, glandular-leaved. 

Catasetum, spotless. 

Cereus, large-flowered, or 
night-blowing. 

Chilodia, Scutellaria-like. 

Clerodendron, halberd-leaved. 

Craspedia, large-headed. 

Daisy, American. 

Dendrobium, many-floAvered. 

Diosma, crenulated, or Bucku. 

Diplopappus, hoary. 

Dyckia, few-flowered. 

Epacris, foveolated. 

Epidendrum, acute-petaled. 

1 — ; Florida. 

Epimedium, twin-leaved. 

Evening-Primrose, scollop- 
leaved. 

Eurycles, small-flowered, or 
Brisbane Lily. 

Gilia, Milfoil-leaved. 

Goldfussia, unequal-leaved. 

Habenaria, gigantic. 

— Goodyera-like. 

Hakea, rusty-stalked. 

Heath, drooping round-head- 
ed. 

Hoya, Mr. Pott's. 

Indian Cress, or Nasturtium, 
greater, dark red var. 

Reed, glaucous-leaved, 

reddish-yellow -flowered var. 

Isopogon, Mr. Loudon's. 

— ; spathulate-leaved, 

linear-leaved var. 

Justicia, flesh-coloured. 

Lady's slipper, large-flowered. 

Leptospermum, rigid-leaved, 
large-flowered var. 

Maxillaria, Deppe's. 

Medlar, cut-leaved. 

Microtis, small-flowered. 



PL 
3378 
3375 

3403 
3393 
3426 

3431 
3391 
3452 
3441 

3386 
3380 

3396 
3414 

3445 

3400 
3401 
3443 
3409 
3422 

3454 

3423 

3439 

3389 
3406 
3436 
3385 
3390 
3417 

3416 

3456 

3384 
3438 
3432 

3433 
3434 

3428 
3429 
3446 
3447 

3402 



Cress, 



Microtis, middle-sized. 
Nasturtium, or Indian 

dark-red var. 
Neottia, spurred. 
Oncidium, triquetrous-leaved. 
Orchis, narrow -lipped military, 

crowded-flowered var. 
Pseony, crimson. 
Pentstemon, Dr. Richardson's. 
Phacelia, cluster-flowered. 
Phlox, Mr. Drummond's. 
Physostegia, imbricated. 
Pimpernel, Italian, Mr. Will- 

more's var. 
Plagianthus, Sida-like. 
Primrose, Palinurian. 
— Siberian, entire- 
leaved var. 
Pterostylis, neat. 

— acuminated. 

Pultensea, sharp heart-leaved. 
Randia, Mr. Bowie's. 
Rhododendron, Caucasian, 

straw-coloured var. 
i laurel-leaved, 

hybrid var. 
. Tree, High- 

clere, hybrid var. 
flame-coloured, 



orange-red var. 

Ruellia, neat blue-flowered. 

Saxifrage, fringe-leaved. 

Sida, oblique-leaved. 

Solanum, Mr. Tweedie's. 

Sophora, downy var. 

Stypandra, slender, azure- 
flowered. 

Vanda, Dr. Roxburgh's whole- 
coloured var. 

Veltheimia, glaucous-leaved, 
(red-purple-flowered var.) 

Wedelia, golden. 

Westringia, Desert. 

Whitethorn, large-flowered 
American. 

Whortleberry, many-flowered- 

small, willow- 




leaved. 



Zygopetalum, 
hairy-lipped var. 



white-flowered, 
dwarf, tufted. 
Canadian, 
flask-flowered. 
Mr. Mackay's