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Full text of "Curtis's botanical magazine."

CURTIS'S 

BOTANICAL MAGAZINE; 

OR 

In which the most Ornamental Foreign Plants cultivated in the Open Ground, 

the Green-House, and the Stove, are accurately represented and coloured. 

To which are added, 

THEIR NAMES, CLASS, ORDER, GENERIC AND SPECIFIC CHARACTERS, 
ACCORDING TO THE S\STEM OF LINNJSUS; 

Their Places of Growth, Times of Flowering, and most approved 
Methods of Culture. 



CONDUCTED 



By SAMUEL CURTIS, F. L. S. 



THE DESCRIPTIONS 



By Sir WILLIAM JACKSON HOOKER, K. H. 

LLD. F. R. A. and L. S. and Regius Professor of Botany in the 

University of Glasgow. 



VOL. XIII. & 

OF THE NEW SERIES; 

Or Vol. lxvi. oj'the whole Work. 



" Observe the rising Lily's snowy grace ; 
Observe the various vegetable race : 
They neither toil nor spin, but careless grow, 
Yet see how warm they blush, how bright they glow 
What regal vestments can with them compare, 
What king so shining, or what queen so fair?" 



LONDON : 

Printed l>y Edward C'ouchman, 10, Throgmorton Street j 

FOR THE PROPRIETOR, SAMUEL CURTIS, 

AT THE 

BOTANICAL MAGAZINE WAREHOUSE, GLAZENWOOD, NEAR COGGESHALL, ESSEX: 

Published also by Sherwood, Gilbert & Piper, 23, Paternoster Row; Blackwood, Edinburgh; and in Holland, 

by Mr. Gt. Eldering, Florist, at Haarlem : 

And lo b> ' ' " n and Country, 

1840. 



TO 

JOHN PARKINSON, ESQ., ¥. R. & L. S., 

H. B. M. CONSUL-GENERAL IN MEXICO, 

&c. &c. &c, 

TO WHOM, 

THE MORE RECENT PAGES OF THIS WORK ARE INDEBTED FOR 

SOME OF THEIR BRIGHTEST ORNAMENTS, 

AND, 

TO WHOSE UNWEARIED EXERTIONS IN THE CAUSE OF BOTANY, 

DURING HIS RESIDENCE IN MEXICO, 

THE COLLECTIONS OF ORCHIDE^ AND CACTEiE, 

IN THE GARDENS 

OF HIS GRACE THE LATE DUKE OF BEDFORD AT WOBURN, AND OF 

MR. HARRIS AT KINGSBURY, 

OWE THEIR MOST POWERFUL ATTRACTIONS, 

AND 

OUR HERBARIA MANY NOVEL AND INTERESTING SPECIMENS, 

THE PRESENT VOLUME IS DEDICATED, 

BY HIS OBEDIENT AND VERY 

HUMBLE SERVANT, 

W. J. HOOKER. 
Glasgow, April 1, 1840. 



( 3711 ) 

Cattleya intermedia ; var. angustifolia. Narrow- 
leaved Intermediate Cattleya. 

Class and Order. » 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — OrchtdEjE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala membranacea vel carnosa, patentia, aequalia. 
Petala sepius majora. Labellum cucullatum, columnam 
involvens, trilobum vel indi visum. Columna clavata, elon- 
gata, semiteres, marginata, cum labello articulata. Anthera 
carnosa, 4-locularis, septorum marginibus membranaceis. 
Pollinia 4, caudiculis totidem replicatis. — Herbae epiphyte 
(Americana) pseudo-bulbosce. Folia solitaria v. bina cori- 
acea. Flores terminates j speciosissimi, sape e spatha magna 
erumpentes. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Cattleya intermedia ; foliis oblongis emarginatis cauli aequa- 
libus, sepalis petalisque lineari-oblongis subaequalibus 
subundulatis obtusiusculis, labello trilobo lamellis plu- 
ribus in medio carnosis cristato, laciniis lateralibus 
ovatis planiusculis intermedio crispo rotundato denti- 
culato. Lindl. 

(a.) flore toto intense roseo. 

Cattleya intermedia. Grah. in Bot. Mag. t. 2851. 

(/3.) floribus subalbis rubescentibus, disco labelli sangui- 
neo. 

(y.) foliis angustioribus, floribus pallide roseis, labelli lobo 
medio usque ad marginem sanguineo. {Tab. nostr. 
3711.) 

Cattleya Perinnii ? Lindl. Hot. Reg. t. 2. 

A native of Brazil, and sent to the Glasgow Botanic 
Garden, under the name of Cattleya crispa : but that plant, 

as 

VOL. XIII. b 



as represented by Dr. Lindley, is so very different, that we 
cannot consider the two to be the same. From C. inter- 
media, figured at t. 2851, the present will be found to differ 
in no essential particular, and we are disposed to consider 
it a variety of that species, sufficiently distinguished, how- 
ever, both from « and (3, to render it worthy of cultivation 
in every collection of Epiphytes, and equally meriting a 
place in this work. , 

I am indeed by no means clear about the limits of the 
species of Cattleya : I mean particularly the large purple 
kinds resembling the original C. labiata. To me the Genus 
appears, like so many other of the epiphytal Orchidecs, sub- 
ject to great variation in the size and form of the flower, 
and the relative length and breadth of the leaves. 



Fig 1. Column and Germen. 2. Anther-case. 3. Pollen-masses:— 
magnified. 




.v Mar 



( 3712 ) 

Oncidium raniferum; var. major. Frog- 
flowered Oncidium ; larger var, 

********************* 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium explanation. Sepala saepius undulata : Iate- 
ralibus nunc sub labello connatis. Petala conformia. La- 
bellum maximum, ecalcaratum cum columna continuum, 
varie lobatum, basi tuberculatum v. cristatum. Columna 
libera, semiteres, apice utrinque alata. Anthera semibilo- 
cularis, rostello nunc abbreviato, nunc elongate- rostrato. 
Pollinia 2, postice sulcata, caudicula plana, glandula ob- 
longa. — Herbae epiphyte nunc pseudo-bulbosce. Folia cori- 
acea. Scapi paniculati vaginati, rarius simplices. Flores 
speciosi, lutei, scepius maculati, raro albi. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Oncidium raniferum ; pseudo-bulbis ovatis sulcatis diphyl- 
lis, foliis lato-linearibus acutis scapo paniculate brevi- 
oribus, sepalis petalisque oblongis acutis patulis, labelli 
laciniis lateralibus triangularibus intermedia cuneata 
emarginata, crista depressa media constricta, dimidia 
posteriore quadrata basi utrinque callosa medio tuber- 
culata anteriore triangulari apice emarginata utrinque 
foveata, alis columnar integris. Lindl. 

Oncidium raniferum. Lindl. Bot. Reg. fol. 1920. et N. S. 
t. 48. 

(0.) major; labelli lobo medio subintegro. (Tab.nostr. 

3712J 



This sprightly little Orchidaceous plant inhabits Brazil, 
aud seems to have been first imported by Mr. Knight of the 
King's Road Nursery. It has since been found in the 

Organ 



Organ Mountains, as observed by Professor Lindley, (in 
No. 637 of his Brazilian Collection,) and plants were sent 
over to his subscribers, both in a living and dried state. 
The dried specimens above referred to, belong to our va- 
riety here represented, having much longer leaves than the 
plant figured in the Botanical Register, a scape a foot and 
a half high, large and more numerous flowers, with a lip 
scarcely at all emarginate at the apex. The smaller state 
has also been sent living to this country by Mr. Gardner, 
but even there the lip is almost entire at the apex. 

Descr. Pseudo-bulbs clustered, oblong, but tapering 
upwards, compressed, deeply furrowed, bearing two leaves 
at the summit, from five to six or eight inches long, 
linear-strap-shaped, scarcely coriaceous. Scape from the 
base of the peduncle, from six inches (as in one state of the 
plant) to a foot or even a foot and a half high, as in the 
specimens from which this figure is taken, slender, graceful, 
somewhat pendent, branched in a paniculated manner. 
Flowers small, but lively yellow. Sepals and petals soon 
reflexed, oblong, nearly equal : the latter with deep orange 
spots. Lip three-lobed : lateral lobes linear-oblong, pa- 
tent, intermediate one broadly obovato-cuneate, nearly 
entire at the apex : — the base of the lip tuberculated in a 
very remarkable manner, and orange-coloured. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Anther-case. 3. Pollen-masses : — magnified. 



3J13. 




( 3713 ) 

Marica gracilis. Slender-stemmed 
Marica. 

******************** 

Class and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — IridejE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Involucrum 2-valve ; Spathce I -valves, l-florse, inclusa?. 
Corolla hexapetaloideo-sexpartita, laciniae intima? minores. 
Filamenta discreta, styli angulis opposita, antheris breviora, 
disco glanduloso corolla? insistentia. Stigmata 3, rectissima, 
turbinato-divergentia (saepius in compagem alato-trique- 
tram et 3-canaliculatam cujus angulis antherae affiguntur 
altius breviusve coalita) sumrnatim hiantia vel breviter tissa 
et subbilabiata, stylo longiora. Capsula columnariter elon- 
gata, tereto-trigona, polysperma, apice latius denudata. 
Gawl. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Marica gracilis ; spatha communi foliacea ultra-pedali, pe- 
dunculis gracilibus, spathae valvis elongatis, flore rno- 
dico. W. Herb. 

Marica gracilis. W. Herb. MSS. 



This beautiful plant was received at the Glasgow Botanic 
Garden from the noble collection at Woburn, where it has 
been some time cultivated. Mr. Forbes imported the spe- 
cies from Brazil, and grows it in the greenhouse. 

The drawing was submitted to the inspection of the Hon. 
and Rev. William Herbert, who considers it new, and truly 
distinct from the well-known Marica Northiana figured at 
t. 654 of this work. It is much slenderer in every part ; 
the partial spatha particularly long, narrow, and acuminat- 
ed, the flower smaller, and the outer sepals narrower. Mr. 

Herbert 



Herbert further observes, that the drawing exhibits three 
erect lobes to each division of the stigma ; whereas, Mr. 
Ker represents and describes M. Norttiiana as having only 
two erect lobes to each. 



Fig. 1. Flower deprived of the Sepals. 2. Section of the Germen :— 

magnified. 



The following remarks belong to Phalocallis plumbea, t. 3710.— 
Dr. Lindley perceived, in the flowers of this plant, " three sterile awl- 
shaped stamens of the length of the filaments ■." There was not the 
slightest attempt to produce any such processes in the specimens which 
flowered at Spofforth ; and, as the filaments are thick and cohere, ex- 
cept at their points, it is difficult to understand how such processes 
could be inserted between them. There is a purple streak on the side 
ot each filament, which deceives the eye with the appearance of a dark 
shadow and longitudinal division of the filament, and it requires the use 
oi a magnifier in a strong light to satisfy the beholder that it is an opti- 
cal delusion. Either Dr. Lindley was thus deceived, or the processes 
which he describes must have been an accidental exuberance The 
vroidUpura in the article Phalocallis plumbea, is an error of the press 
ior Lipura. The purple lateral streaks, and ring round the base of the 
filaments, should have been coloured in the dissection No. 1. W. H. 



We beg to correct an error at fol. 3690, where it is said that the 
pretty Merendera Caucasica was introduced to this country by the 
Glasgow Botanic Garden. It was, we believe, first cultivated in this 
country, and continues to be so very successfully by Mr. Goldie at 
his Nursery in Ayrshire. By him it was received from St Peters- 
burgh. 



3JI2. 





•xdi-l/tl? 



EssczJfar 



( 3714 ) 

TROPiLOLUM TUBEROSUM. LARGE-ROOTED 

Indian-Cress. 

********************** 

Class and Order. 

OCTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Tropeole^. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-partitus, lobo sup. calcarato. Pet. 5 inaequalia, 
3 inferiora minora aut evanida. Stam. 8 ab ipsa basi libe- 
ra. Carpella 3 monosperma suberosa, reniformia, indehis- 
centia hinc sulcata rotuudata. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Tropjeolum tuberosum ; foliis peltatis 5-lobis basi transver- 
sim truncatis glabris lobis rotundato-cuneatis trunca- 
tis, petalis calycem vix cxcedentibus integerrimis. 

Trop^eolum tuberosum. Ruiz et Pav. Fl. Per. v. 3. p. 77. 
t. 314. f. 6. Humb. et Kunth, Nov. Gen. Am. v. 5. p. 
251. De Cand. Prodr. v. 1. p. 684. Spreng. Syst. 
Veget.v.2.p. 226. 



This interesting species of Indian Cress, of which the 
large tuberous roots are abundantly eaten by the Peru- 
vians (according to Ruiz and Pavon), and, indeed, form a 
daily article of food, was first known to me by specimens 
transmitted from Peru, by Mr. Mathews. They are No. 
402 of his Peruvian Collection. In 1836, my friend, John 
M'Lean, Esq., sent the esculent tubers to Mr. Murray of 
the Glasgow Botanic Garden, by whom the species has been 
largely distributed. It proves quite hardy, but our summers 
are scarcely long enough, without a little previous forcing, 
to perfect the flowers before the frosts come on ; so that its 
blossoms have been produced only in few collections. 

The 



The specimen here figured was sent from the Belfast Bo- 
tanic Garden in 1838., by Mr. Ferguson., late the head gar- 
dener at the Glasgow Botanic Garden, but now, fortunately 
for the Belfast Institution, the very excellent Curator of 
its beautiful garden. 

Descr. Root an almost obconical, or somewhat pear- 
shaped tuber. Stem long, twining, branched, terete, suc- 
culent, glabrous, as is all the rest of the plant. Leaves on 
very long, cirrhiform petioles, without stipules, dark-green 
above, pale and glaucous beneath, peltate, rotundato-cor- 
date, five-lobed, transversely truncate at the base, the lobes 
broad, roundish-cuneate truncate, and frequently furnished 
with a mucro or minute point at the apex. Calyx orange- 
red, deeply five-lobed, almost five-partite, the lobes oval, the 
upper one prolonged into an attenuated straight spur, geni- 
culated at the point. Petals five, a little longer than the 
calyx, obovate, two of them a little shorter and less ungui- 
culated, all of a full orange-colour, with black veins. Sta- 
mens eight, unequal ; filaments red : anthers roundish : 
pollen yellow. Germen, in our specimen, of four rounded 
lobes. Style thick, white, yellow above. Stigma irregu- 
larly jagged. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Pistil : — magnified. 



3723 




■1183? 



( 3715 ) 

TORENIA CORDIFOLIA. HEART-LEAVED 
TORENIA. 

Class and Order. 

DlDYNAMIA AtfGIOSPERMIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Scrophularine^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx tubulosus plicatus, apice oblique 5-dentatus vel 
bilabiatus, labiis 2 — 3-dentatis. Corolla ringens, labio 
superiore bifido, inferiore trifido, laciniis subpianis. Sta- 
mina fertilia 4, didynama, 2 superiora brevia filamentis 
integris, 2 inferiora ad basin labii inferioris inserta filamen- 
tis elongatis arcuatis, basi appendice dentiformi vel filiformi 
auctis. Anther a per paria cohaerentes vel approximate, 
biloculares, loculis divergentibus divaricatisve apice conflu- 
entibus. Stylus simplex, stigmate complanato bilamellato 
vel simplici (?). Capsula oblonga, calyce brevior, bivalvis, 
valvulis integris margine planis, dissepimento parallelo 
placentifero demum libero.— Herbae ramosa, glabra vel 
villosa, basi diffusa. Folia opposita, scepius dentata. Flores 
axillares, oppositi vel fasciculati, interdum racemosi. Benth. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Torenia cordifolia; foliis ovatis, pedunculis axillaribus 

subfasciculatis, corollis calyce ovato basi rotimdato 

subduplo longioribus. Benth. 
Torenia cordifolia. Roxb. Corom. PI. v. 2. p. 32. f. 161. 

Ibid. Fl. Ind. v. 3. p. 95. Pers. Synops. v. 2 p 167 

Benth. Scrophul. p. 39. 
Corosinam. Rheede, Hort. Malab. v. 9. t. 68. 



This little annual, which, we learn from Dr. Roxburgh, 
is a rare native of the moist pastures about Samulcottah in 

the 



the Northern Circars, flowering in the cold season, blos- 
somed in the stove of the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, 
in October, 1838. The seeds were sent by ray friend Mr. 
Falconar, from Saharampoor. 

Descr. Root annual. Stem (four to eight inches high) 
erect, square, acutely angled or slightly winged, green, 
with spreading ciliae on the angles ; branches opposite, 
decussating, spreading widely, resembling the stem. Leaves 
petiolate, cordato-ovate, simply inciso-serrate, bright green 
and distantly hairy above, paler and glabrous below, where 
the mid-rib, and oblique little divided veins, are promi- 
nent, but channelled above. Petioles channelled above, 
ciliated, shorter than the leaves. Peduncle at first about as 
long as the petiole, afterwards elongated, exceeding the 
leaves, four-sided and ciliated, resembling the branches. 
Flowers subumbellate at the extremity of the branches, 
arising from the axils of leaves which are crowded, in effect 
resembling an involucre. Calyx bilabiate, the upper lip 
three-toothed, the lower more deeply bifid, green, ovate, 
with fine ciliated wings, the upper wing only not being 
produced in form of an acute angle along the peduncle, 
teeth acute. Corolla pale lilac, one-third longer than the 
calyx ; tube clavate, slightly curved downwards, glabrous; 
limb bilabiate, spreading, the upper lip crenate, slightly 
emarginate, the lower tripartite, the lobes rounded. Sta- 
mens four, didynamous, snorter than the upper lip;^a- 
ments arched laterally ; anther-lobes divaricated. Pistil 
as long as the longer stamens ; stigma bilabiate, lobes 
spreading, hairy upon their inner surface ; style compressed, 
enlarging upwards ; Germen green, ovato-conical, furrowed 
on each side, placed on a small thin light coloured disk 
which is broadest on the upper side ; ovules very numerous, 
fixed to large central placentae. Capsule bivalvular, bilo- 
cular, shorter than the persisting calyx with which it is 
covered. Graham. 



Fig. 1. Pistil: — magnified. 



371b\ 




( 3716 ) 

Dracopis amplexicaulis. Stem-clasping- 
leaved Dracopis. 

A'. A'. A f. A'. A'. As. A'. A'. A'. . v l'. ^ A'< A'- A', A' A'. A '. .SL<- A?- ."frr 
"/JS* VJS' '/JS' vf. vf. "/^S" vj- vJS' vf. vf. VIS vjs VIS VN vi« vf. 1 vfs vj? VIS" VK 

C7#ss a/ad Order. 
Syngenesia Frustranea. 

( Nat. Ord. — Composite. ) 

Generic Character. 

Achenium pappo calloso coroniformi coronatum, sectione 
transversa orbiculari areola laterali. Corolla disco subcy- 
lindraceo, dentibus reflexis. Antherce inclusae. Stylus disci 
ramis appendiculo lineari terminatis. — Herba perennis ; foliis 
cordato-lanceolatis, alternis amplexicaulibus , Icevibus, inte- 
gris ; capitulis terminalibus , solitariis, radio luteo, disco ob- 
scuro, rachide conica (bracteata). Less. 

Specific Name and Synonyms. 

Dracopis amplexicaulis. 

Dracopis amplexicaulis. Cass. Diet. Sc. Nat. v. 35. p. 273. 

Less. Compos, p. 226. De Cand. Prodr. v. 5. p. 558. 

Drum. Coll. N. OH. n. 188. Ej. Texas III. n. 213. 
Rudbeckia amplexicaulis. Vahl. 
R. amplexifolia. Jacq. Ic. Rar. v. 3. p. 592. Pursh, Fl. 

Am. v. 2. p. 573. 
(|3.) minor; foliis fere omnino integerrimis. Tab. nostr. 

3716. (excl.f. A.J 
Rudbeckia perfoliata. Cav. Ic. v.S.p. 27. t. 252. 



In its perfectly glabrous and amplexicaul leaves, with 
their cartilaginous margin, this plant differs strikingly 
from the other species of Rudbeckia with which it was 
united by most Botanists. Cassini first separated it, but 
rather as a sub-genus, and Lessing has established it as a 
Genus, founding the character chiefly on the different form 

of 



of the fruit, as seen in a transverse section of the tubular 
florets, and of the styles. 

Dracopis amplexicaulis, the only individual of the Genus, 
has been long known as a native of Louisiana, but we be- 
lieve that few specimens have come to Europe till those of 
Mr. Drummond, from N. Orleans, were distributed. That 
collection, however, possessed the state of the plant with 
strongly serrated leaves, and such as is figured by Jacquin 
in the work above quoted, and similar to what we have re- 
presented at the letter A. ; but in Texas, about San Felipe 
de Austin, Mr. Drummond gathered the entire-leaved vari- 
ety, precisely according with the Rudbeckia perfoliata of 
Cavanilles : and having sent seeds, as well as specimens, 
to this country, we have the opportunity of giving a figure 
of it. It is a hardy annual (?) and blossoms in July and 
August. 

Descr. Stem branched, varying much in height, gla- 
brous, striated. Leaves alternate, oblong, amplexicaul, and 
cordate, almost auriculate at the base, in a. deeply and 
coarsely serrated, in 0. almost wholly entire, the margin 
cartilaginous and rough with elevated points. Peduncles 
terminal, single-flowered, slightly thickened upwards, and 
furrowed. Involucre double ; outer of a few rather small 
lanceolato-acuminate leaves, inner oues short, blunt. Ray 
of few, from five to seven, broadly oval, obscurely three- 
toothed, deep yellow corollas : tube scarcely any, at its top 
is often an awn-like appendage. Germen small, abortive. 
Florets of the disk tubular, somewhat infundibuliform, pale 
below, dark, almost black ; purple above, with a reflexed 
nve-toothed limb. Anthers a little protruded, black. Seg- 
ments of the stigma subulate, hairy. Achenium oblong- 
obtuse, tapering at the base. Pappus none, except a slightly 
elevated border. Receptacle oblong. Scales obovate, acute, 
reddish-purple, keeled, greenish and slightly hairy above 



niiS?' \ ?l ret °V he T Ra 7- Z Ditt0 of the Dlsk - 3 - Scale. 4. Ache- 
mum. 0. Portion of a Leaf:— magnified. 



wn 







r mood-Essex, Apr'' J. 1839. 






( 3717 ) 

Epiphyllum Russellianum. The Duke 
of Bedford's Epiphyllum. 

********************** 

Class and Order. 

ICOSANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Cacte^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala calyciformia, ovario nudo adnata, exteriora bre- 
via, media longiora reflexa, intima petaliformia in tnbum 
concreta, orificio obliquo (vel asquali). Stamina filiformia 
(circa 100) medio breviora receptaculo, exteriora longiora 
tubo affixa, limbo multo longiora. Stylus filiformis, stigma- 
tibus paucis, vix expansis. Bacca et germinatio ignotae. — 
Frutices carnosi articulati, articulis alatis subtruncatis, sub- 
inermibus, apice tomentoso interdum spinuloso, ramosis et 
Jloriferis. Flores speciosi hiemales, forma singulari. Recep- 
taculum pyriforme in sepala 8 vera brevia imbricata virenti- 
rubella abiens ; sequuntur sepala 5 vivide color ata, petali- 
formia, reflexa, tubi basi qffixa. Orificium tubi obliquum, 
(vel cequale) ex 9 petalis compositum, quorum 4 suprema 
suberecta, 5 inferior a maxime reflexa. Pfeiff. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Epiphyllum Russellianum; suberectum, articulis obovatis 
truncatis utrinque obtusissime 1-dentatis dentibus fas- 
ciculatim pilosis, corollae petalis aequaliter patentibus, 
ovario 4- (5) alato, staminibus seriei interioris basi 
monadelphis. 

Cereus Russellianus. Gardner MSS. 



This beautiful species of Epiphyllum is common on the 
stems of trees, and occasionally upon rocks on the Organ 
Mountains of Brazil. Its nearest affinity is to Epiphyllum 
truncatum, that favorite ornament of our stoves, the habit 

and 

vol. xiii. c 



and general appearance of the two plants being quite simi- 
lar ; but besides the minor differences mentioned below, the 
present is abundantly distinct as a species, having a straight 
and regular (not oblique irregular) flower, and a four-winged 
(not wingless) ovary * thus affording a good example of 
closely allied species, representing each other in different 
regions or elevations. The E. truncatum I have never 
observed growing at a greater height on the mountain than 
about four thousand five hundred feet ; while above that 
line, and to an elevation of nearly six thousand feet, nothing 
but E. Russellianum is to be found. 

The brilliant flowers are produced in the month of May, 
and had not my visits to the Organ Mountains been fortu- 
nately made at that season, I certainly should have passed 
by this species as E. truncatum. G. Gardner. 

(We can readily participate in the pleasure Mr. Gardner 
must have experienced in discovering this beautiful Epi- 
phyllous plant and dedicating it to his distinguished patron, 
the Duke of Bedford, a nobleman, who, in the short time 
of Mr. Gardner's absence (scarcely three years) has amass- 
ed such a collection of Cactoid Plants at Woburn Abbey, 
as must be seen to be appreciated, and with which none in 
the kingdom, that I know of, can be compared, except it 

be that of Harris, Esq., of Kingsbury, near Hendon. 

In the stoves at Woburn, the great columnar kinds of 
Cereus, thirty feet high, (and, especially the noble speci- 
mens of C. senilis two of which have attained to twelve 
feet, and are clothed with long, pendent white hairs) con- 
trast admirably with the strangely broad and depressed 
forms of the Melocactus and Echinocactus group, beset, 
too, as these are, with spines of every shape and size and 
colour : — again, the latter kinds present a most curious 
difference of aspect from the flattened and jointed stems of 
the Opuntjjs and Epiphylla; while the magnitude and fra- 
grance of the blossoms of some, and the brilliancy of colour 
in others, are surpassed by few vegetable productions. 
The arrangement and high health and vigour of the plants 
at Woburn reflect the utmost credit on the able gardener, 
Mr. Forbes.* 

Of 



* "While writing the above, information has just been received from Mr. 
Parkinson, Her Majesty's Consul General in Mexico, of the despatch of 
another valuable addition to His Grace's princely collection; including 
among other things, specimens of Cereus senilis, still larger than those 

above 



Of the Epiphyllum here represented, we have received an 
excellent drawing., made by Mr. Gardner's kind friend, 
Mr. Miers, in Brazil, and that gentleman did not fail to 
observe all the characters which specifically distinguish 
this handsome plant from its congeners ; especially the 
inner circle of monadelphous stamens figured at No. 1 of 
our plate. Its discovery is thus alluded to in a letter from 
Mr. Gardner. 

" Through dense masses of large bamboos, with stems 
often more than half a foot thick, and sixty or seventy feet 
high, we had to cut our way up the Organ Mountains, till 
we came, after a toilsome day's journey, to a small water- 
fall, where we encamped for the night. On the trunks of 
the larger trees, growing near this spot, I saw abundance 
of Epiphyllum truncatum beautifully in flower, and higher 
up on the mountain, the next morning, I found a lovely 
new species, belonging to the same group as E. truncatum, 
and much resembling it in many points ; equally large, but 
with a more graceful mode of growth, and brighter-coloured 
blossoms. The stamens too are uniformly pink, and not 
white, as in E. truncatum. 

" I am sure you will be delighted with it, and I do trust, 
if ever I am spared to return to England, that I shall see it 
there as universally cultivated, as the species to which it is 
so nearly allied. It gives me great pleasure to dedicate 
this discovery to my liberal patron, His Grace the Duke of 
Bedford ; and I hope you will agree with me in thinking 
that its beauty renders it worthy to bear such an illustrious 
name. In my list you will find it marked Cereus Russell- 
ianus." 

The description which follows is from Mr. Gardner's 
pen, who drew it up from living specimens on the spot. 
W. J. H.) 

Descr. Plant an Epiphyte, from one to three feet high, 
usually growing on the mossy stems of trees. Root of sev- 
eral large, divaricating branches, which gradually become 

much 



above mentioned, and two allied kinds, doubtless new species, one being 
described as downy and the other spinous. The collection also contains a 
most remarkable Mammillari.v, of such extraordinary dimensions, as to 
weigh 2 cwt. ; and which it required the united strength of eight Indians to 
convey to the waggon, on which it was brought from a distance of one hun- 
dred miles to Mexico. The flower is yellow, and after being placed on the 
waggon, it showed several opening buds. The fruit of this gigantic species 
is well flavoured, but slices of the green plant itself are made into a sweet- 
meat, which has much of the taste of preserved citron. 



much divided, and run in all directions round the trunk of 
the tree to which the plant has attached itself. Stem, of the 
largest individual which I have met with, four inches and a 
half in circumference, round, jointed ; joints about an inch 
in length, a little thicker at their extremities than in the 
middle, covered by a grayish-brown epidermis. Branches 
also composed of oblong, lean ike joints, from an inch to an 
inch and a half in length, those at the lower part bein<r 
thicker and of a more woody texture than the upper ones! 
Joints with two serratures on either side, from each of which 
arises a small fascicle of hairs. The upper margin is rounded 
at the corners, and truncated; in the young branches fur- 
nished with small fascicles of hairs. Flower regular arising 
from the truncated extremities of the branches, two inchel 
and a half long of a delicate deep pink colour. Sepals nume- 
rous imbricated; the lower ones small, ovate, the upper lan- 
ceolate, their united bases forming a pink-coloured tube, 
the upper half spreading. Stamens numerous, a little lon- 
ger nan the calycine tube, arising in two distinct series from 

toVnZu h^f° V f^ 1Um r th °u Se ° f the external row att *ched 
tor neaily half of their length to the tube of the calvx —the 
internal row united at their bases by a short membrane 
wh,ch forms a tube round the style. Filaments filiform of 
the same colour as the flower. Anthers oblong, two celled 
of a deep pink colour before bursting, at maturHy yellowish 
as is also the pollen. Ovarium inferior, oboVate short 
*22ftrf t Y Sm00t \ 0f a P^en colour : stylTklS 

4^W PiStl1 and mner CirC ' e ° f Stamens - 2 ' Se <*™ of the Gormen :_ 



( 3718 ) 

RlJELLIA CILIATIFLORA. FlUNGE-FLO WERED 

RUELLIA. 

• ********************** 
Class and Order. 

DrDYNAMIA AnGIOSPEHMIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Acanthace^. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 5-partitus, aequalis. Corolla infundibuliformis, 
limbo 5-fido subaequali patente. Anthera 2-locuIares. Cap- 
sula polysperma, dissepimento adnato. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Ruellia ciliatiflora ; herbacea, foliis petiolatis ovatis inffi- 
qualiter serratis pubescenti-hirsutis, panicula ternii- 
nali aphylla, calycis iiuequalis pubescenti-glandulosi 
laciniis subulatis, corollae tubo angulato curvato limbo 
obliquo undulato lobis subrotundis dentato-ciliatis. 



The seeds of this very handsome Ruellia were sent to 
the Glasgow Botanic Garden by Mr. Tweedie from Buenos 
Ayres; but whether it is a species of that neighbourhood, 
or brought by that Collector from some country in the 
interiorfas I rather suspect, is not stated. It bloomed with 
us in the stove, and is certainly a very desirable plant, for 
cultivation. It Bowers in September. 

Descr. Our plant scarcely exceeded a foot and a halt 
in height: the stem herbaceous, pubescenti- scabrous. 
Leaves opposite, ovate, petiolate, the margin unequally 
serrated, more or less hairy, especially the lower ones, which 
are also much the largest. Panicle terminal, leafless ; the 
branches short, simple or divided, bearing at the extremity, 
in a sort of small head, from two to four or six flowers, large 
and handsome, purplish-blue, only one in each capitulum 

expanding 



expanding at a time. Pedicels bracteated at the base. 
Calyx long and narrow, pubescenti -gland ulose, the seg- 
ments long, subulate, unequal, one a good deal more elon- 
gated than the rest. Corolla an inch across ; the tube 
about the same length, much longer than the calyx, curved, 
enlarged upwards and angular : the limb spreading, ob- 
lique, cut into five deep, roundish and retuse, broad, close- 
ly-placed, waved, and veiny lobes, the margin beautifully 
dentato-ciliate. Stamens within the tube, four, didynamous. 
Anthers large, oblong, yellowish-white. Germen ovato- 
oblong, glandular, seated on a yellowish, fleshy disk ; Style 
white : Stigma subulate, oblique. 



Fig. 1. Calyx, including the Pistil. 2. Stamens. 3. Pistil :— magnified. 



3 US 




Pub bv S. Ctu 



( 3719 ) 

Callichroa platyglossa. Golden 
Callichroa. 

Class and Order. 
Syngenesia Superflua. 

( Nat. Ord. — Composite. ) 

Generic Character. 

Involucrum multiflorum heterogamum,radiatum : Squamce 
(SOcirciter) erects, biseriatre ; seriei exterioris achaenia flos- 
culorum faemiiieorum obtegentes. Flosculi disci hermaph- 
roditic 5-dentati. Flosculi radii ligulati, fertiles, uni- vel 
sub biseriati. Achcenia fusiformia, subcompressa, apice 
truncata : flosculorum hermaphroditorum pubescentia pap- 
po coronata; faemiiieorum glabra, calva. Seta? pappi nume- 
rosae, uniseriatae, serrulato - scabrae, persistentes. Recep- 
taculum planum, pubescens, margine squamosum (e squa- 
mis seriei interioris involucri. Hook.). Fisch. et Mey. 

Specific Name and Synonyms. 

Callichroa * platyglossa. 

Callichroa platyglossa. Fisch. et Mey. Ind. Sem. Hort. 
Petersb. 1835. p. 31. 



Drawn in September, 1836,, from plants which flowered 
in the open border of the Glasgow Botanic Garden. The 
seeds were received from Dr. Fischer, who founded the 
Genus (a native of Ross, in New California) in the work 
above quoted. Its affinities, according to that author, are 
with Helenium, Bleraphopappus, Picradenia, Lasthenia, 
and, in some respects, with Doronicum : but it is suffici- 
ently distinct from all. 

Descr. 



Kciteoi, beautiful, and xfou, colour, in allusion to its bright yellow flowers. 



Descr. Annual. Stems weak, branched, and, as well 
as the foliage, slightly hairy. Leaves alternate, linear, the 
lowermost ones dentato-pinnatifid, the upper ones gradu- 
ally becoming entire. Flowers terminal, solitary, 1 a rge. 
Involucre hairy, with the scales in two series; outer ones 
larger, lanceolate, the extremities reflexed, as many as there 
are radical florets, each of which has its germen surrounded 
by the base of one of these scales ; inner scales smaller, 
about twice as many as there are outer. Receptacle naked' 
Florets of the ray ten to twelve, ligulate, the limb cuneate, 
tnree-lobed, yellow. Germen oblongo-fusiform, compress- 
ed glabrous, destitute of pappus. Florets of the disk 
tubular, five-toothed, yellow. Anthers exserted, black 
branches of the stigma linear-recurved, hairy. Germen 
oblongo-fusiform, silky, crowned with a pappus, in a single 
series of paleaceous, hispid hairs. 



of ditto, a t loret of the Disk. 4. Hair of the Pappus -.-magnified. 







r* 



( 3720 ) 

Begonia parvifolia. Small-leaved 
Begonia ; or Elephant's Ear. 

******************* 

Class and Order. 

MONOECIA POLYANDRIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Begoniace^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Masc. Cat. o. Cor. polypetala, petalis plerumque 4, 
inaequalibus. Fjem. Cal. o. Cor. petalis 4 — 9, plerumque 
inaequalibus. Styli 3, bifid i. Caps, triquetra, alata, trilo- 
cularis, polysperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Begonia parvifolia; suffruticosa glabra, foliis insequaliter 
cordatis lobatis lobis acutis undulatis sparse serratis 
subglaucescentibus, fructibus trialatis. 

Begonia parvifolia. Schott. Sprengel, Syst. Veget. c. p. v. 4. 
p. 408. Graham in Ed. Journ. o/Sc. Dec, 1837. 



We received at the Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, this 
species, with many other scarce plants, from the noble and 
always liberal establishment at Berlin, in 1836. It flowered 
profusely in the collection of Dr. Neill at Canonmills, and 
at the Botanic Garden in May, and throughout the summer. 
The great and long-continued succession of flowers which 
it produces, and its neat foliage, render it a desirable spe- 
cies for cultivation. 

Descr. Whole plant glabrous. Stem suflfruticose : branches 
red, transparent. Petioles (one to two inches long) spread- 
ing, at length divaricated, channelled above. Leaves short- 
er than the petioles, ovate, unequally cordate at the base, 
delicate green above, pale and crystalline below, with pro- 
minent reddish veins, lobed; lobes subacute, distantly ser- 
rated, 



rated, with a minute bristle in the base of each fissure. 
Corymbs axillary, on peduncles which are longer than the 
petioles, forked, bearing a male flower in the cleft, and one 
male and one female upon each division. Bractece subro- 
tund, greenish-white. Flowers white ; male flowers of two 
subequal entire and kidney-shaped petals, very rarely with 
a small one between these ; stamens numerous, attached 
only at the base, filaments slender, connective obovato- 
elliptical, anthers small, lateral : female flowers of five obo- 
vate, unequal petals; styles short and stout, expanded 
at the apex, and contorted ; stigmas marginal upon the 
extremity ; germen with three unequal, irregular, large, 
crenate wings. Graham. 



Fig. 1. Female Flower: — magnified. 




Pubhy S.Curtis rjUiaurood. KsjtxJ- 



( 3721 ) 

PlMELEA HeNDERSONI. Mr. HENDERSON^ 

PlMELEA. 

"4** "'K YF ">K "'F "^" "'F "'F "'F "/K* "^* vf*" "^" "'r" "'IS" "' F "4^" "'F "'F "'r* "^' 

Class and Order. 

DlANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — ThymelejB. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium liberum, tubulosum, coloratum ; limbo 4- 
fido raro 5-fido, aestivatione imbricata. Corolla o, sed in 
quibusdam squamulae fauci insertae. Stamina definita, fauci 
tubove inserta, saepius 8, nunc 4, rariusve 2, dum laciniis 
perianthii numero aequalia aut pauciora iisdem opposita. 
Anthera biloculares, loculis medio longitudinaliter dehis- 
centibus. Ovarium simplex, monospermum, ovulo pen- 
dulo. Stylus 1. Stigma indivisum. Pericardium nuca- 
mentaceum, v. drupaceum. Albumen nullum v. tenue, car- 
nosum. Embryo rectus, inversus. Cotyledones plano-con- 
vexae. Radicula brevis, supera. Plumula inconspicua. — 
Cauli sfruticosus (rarissime herbaceus) cortice tenaci. Folia 
exstipulata, alterna v. opposita , integerrima. F lores capi- 
tati, spicati, terminales v. axillares, nunc solitarii. Br. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Pimelea Hendersoni ; involucro tetraphyllo, foliolis ovatis 
utrinque-glabris ciliatis capitulum congestum aequan- 
tibus, perianthii tubo dimidio inferiore hispido, supe- 
riore sericeo, foliis oppositis lanceolato-linearibus. 



The species, which seems to be quite distinct from any 
one hitherto described, must be placed between P. decussata 
and P. rosea. It is a native of King George's Sound, and 
was raised by Messrs. Eagle and Henderson from seed sent 
to them by Capt. Cheyne in May, 1837, and when about 

eighteen 



eighteen inches high, and covered with flowers, was exhib- 
ited in the Experimental Garden of the Edinburgh Horti- 
cultural Society, in July, 1838. It will be found one of 
the most ornamental species of the Genus. 

Descr. Shrub erect ; bark brown ; branches erecto-pa- 
tent, green towards their apex. Leaves linear-lanceolate, 
or linear-spathulate, glabrous on both sides, recurved, mu- 
cronulate, middle rib strong, with obscure diverging veins. 
Head of flowers terminal, hemispherical, many - flowered, 
dense. Involucre four-leaved ; leaflets broadly ovate, gla- 
brous on both sides, ciliated, as long as the flowers, which 
are rose-coloured and handsome. Perianth with Ion"-, 
spreading hairs upon the lower half of the tube, silky m 
the upper segments of the limb, ovate. Stamens and pistils 
as in the other species of this Genus :— as the plant is a very 
rare one and not my own property, I only felt myself at 
liberty to dissect two flowers. In one of these, from the 
outer edge of a capitulum, I found the germen bilobular, 
aud the style terminal between the lobes. It is probable, 
however, that this is an accidental deviation from the 
normal structure, and that it will not be found common. 
Graham. 



Fig. 1. Flower : — magnified. 



3/V >. 




( 3722 ) 

Brassavola cuspidata. Spear-lipped 
Brassavola. 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — OrchtdejE. ) 
Generic Character. 

Sepala et petala subaequalia, libera, acuminata. Label- 
lum cucullatum, integrum, columnam involvens. Columna 
marginata, clavata, stigmate infundibulari, clinandrio pos- 
tice tridentato. Pollinia 8, subaequalia, quibusdam aliis 
parvis interjectis. Anthera 4-locularis, septis marginatis, 
loculissemibipartitis. — Herbae caulescentes, epiphytal, apice 
folium unicum v. alterum, semicylindraceum, carnoswn, 
supra sulcatum, apice subulatum, gerentes. Flores termi- 
nals, magni, speciosi. Lindl. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Brassavola cuspidata ; caule unifloro, labellotrilobo, lobis 
lateralibus rotundatis parce fimbriato-dentatis inter- 
medio longissimo cuspidato-subuliformi integerrimo, 
sepalis petalisque longe acuminatis. 



From the collection of John Moss, Esq., of Otterspool, 
Liverpool, which, partly owing to that gentleman's ex- 
tensive South American correspondents and connexions, 
and partly to the skill of his gardener, Mr. James, bids 
fair to rival some of the many Collections of Orchideous 
plants of which the country may well be proud. The plant 
was sent from Trinidad with about fifty others of the same 

family by Roberts, Esq., Otterspool. Five species ot 

Brassavola have been described by Professor Lindley. 
The present is a sixth, evidently most nearly allied to B. 
cucullata, Br. (Epidendrum cucullatum, Bot. Mag. t. iA3). 

That 



That species, however, has the middle lobe of the lip much 
broader at the base and deeply fimbriated for the greater 
part of its length, having the apex alone entire. In our 
plant the lobe in question is subulate and almost quite 
entire. 

Descr. Root ? Stem slender, rounded, jointed. Leaf 
terete, subulate, flattened above, and there furnished with a 
deep groove for its whole length, a span long. From the 
base of this leaf, and at the bottom of the groove arises a 
short peduncle, (enclosed in a membranous sheath or bractea) 
about half an inch long, rounded, bearing a single flower. 
Germen terete, thickened at the base : or rather this thick- 
ened base is alone the germen, all above is the tube of the 
perianth, which is slender, pedunculiform, and less green 
than the germen. Sepals lanceolate, very much acuminate, 
soon reflexed, cream-coloured, tinged with red. Petal's 
similar in shape and size to the sepals, but a little narrower 
and white. Lip white, three-lobed, the base involute, the 
lateral lobes spreading, rounded, and dentato-fimbriate, the 
middle lobe very long and narrow, forming a long, straight, 
cuspidate point. Column nearly as long as the lateral 
lobes of the lip, and surrounded by its base, white, rounded 
at the back, presenting in front two longitudinal, marginal 
wings, dilated upwards, and ending in two teeth, one on 
each side the anther, to which they are appressed : a third 
tooth arises from the back of the column, and is appressed 
to the back of the anther. Anther-case hemispherical, 
white. Pollen-masses with four larger and four smaller 
lobes. 



Fig. 1. Column and Lip. 2. Column. 3. Anther-case. 4 Pollen- 
masses : — magnified. 



. 









■sAfc 



^SS 






&«& 




. > / //. 




( 3723 3724 ) 

Galactodendron utile. Palo de Vaca; 
or Cow Tree of the Caracas. 

****************** 

Class and Order. 
? (The Flowers unknown.) 

( Nat. Ord. — Urtice,e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Fructus facie drupae juglandis, globosus, subcarnosus, 
viridis, fetus nuce monosperma. Arbor lactescens, prasser- 
tim truncus ; lac copiosum, album, glutinosum, haud acre, 
potabile, odorem balsameum redolens, contactu aeris coa- 
gulans ; ramuli teretes, glabri ; juniores angulati, tenuissime 
canescenti-puberuli. Gemmae terminates, subulatae, convo- 
lutae, sericeo-pubescentes. Folia alterna, petiolata, ob- 
longa, utrinque rotundata, apice brevissime acuminata, in- 
tegerrima, reticulato-venosa, venis primariis transversis, 
paulo approximatis nervoque medio subtus prominentibus, 
subcoriacea, glaberrima, exsiccata, supra viridia, subtus 
aureo-fusca (?), 2 — 10-pollicaria, 3 — 4 pollices lata. Peti- 
oli crassi, canaliculati, glabri, 8 — 9 lineas longi. Stipules 
petiolares nullae. Kunth. 

Specific Name and Synonyms. 

Galactodendron * utile. 

Galactodendron utile. H. B. K. Gen. et Sp. PL CEq. v. 

7. p. 16. Kunth, Syn. 4. p. 198. 
Galactodendron Humb. Relation Hist. 2. p. 106, 8fc. 
Palo de Vaca. Humb. in Ann. du Mus. v. 2. p. 180. 

Boussing. et River o, in Ann. de Chimie, v. 23. p. 219. 

Murray, Descr. Ace. of the Palo de Vaca, with a 

figure. 

< 

— — t 

* y*Aa, yatKuKToq, milk, and hvlfov, a tree ; — milk-bearing tree. 
VOL XIII. D 



I have here the pleasure of giving figures of the Cow 
Tree; the general representation (Tab. 3723) being copied 
from a very clever sketch taken on the spot and sent 
to me by Sir Robert Ker Porter, H. B. M. Consul Gen- 
ral at La Guayra ; that of the foliage done from a living 
plant, in the Glasgow Botanic Garden ; and of the fruit, 
procured for me, (together with several bottles of the milk 
and living plants, which latter, unfortunately, perished in 
the voyage,) by my obliging friend, Matthew Pearce, Esq., 
of this city. Our live plant, however, is but a small one, 
and as yet shows no sign of flowering : the seeds were dried 
and injured ; yet, we think that a representation, taken 
from these portions, though very imperfect, of a vegetable 
production, than which lew have excited a more general 
interest in the Botanical world, cannot but be acceptable 
to our Subscribers ; and should we be hereafter so fortunate 
as to procure flowering and fruiting specimens, we shall not 
fail to render our account of this tree more complete than 
it is now in our power to do. 

M. de Humboldt was the first to bring the Cow Tree of 
Caracas into notice. " We returned," he says in his valu- 
able e Relation Historique/ v. 2. p. 106, " from Porto 
Cabello to the valley of Aragua, stopping at the plantation 
of Barbula, through which the new road to Valencia is to 
pass. For many weeks, we had heard a great deal of a tree 
whose juice is a nourishing milk. The tree itself is called 
the Cow Tree, and we were assured that the negroes on the 
farm, who are in the habit of drinking large quantities of 
this vegetable milk, consider it as highly nutritive ; an asser- 
tion which startled us the more, as almost all lactescent 
vegetable fluids are acrid, bitter, and more or less poison- 
ous. Experience, however, proved to us during our resi- 
dence at Barbula, that the virtues of the Cow Tree, or Palo 
de Vaca have not been exaggerated. This fine tree bears 
the general aspect of the Star-Apple Tree (Chrysophyllum 
Cainito) ; its oblong, pointed, coriaceous, and alternate 
leaves are about ten inches long, and marked with lateral 
nerves, that are parallel, and project beneath. The flower 
we had no opportunity of seeing; the fruit is somewhat 
fleshy, and contains one or two kernels. Incisions, made 
in the trunk of the tree, are followed by a profuse flow of 
gluey and thickish milk, destitute of acridity, and exhaling 
a very agreeable balsamic odour. It was offered to us in 
calabashes, and though we drank large quantities of it, 
both at night before going to bed and again early in the 

morning, 



morning, we experienced no uncomfortable effects. The 
viscidity of this milk alone renders it rather unpleasant to 
those who are unaccustomed to it. The negroes and free 
people who work in the plantations, use it, by soaking 
bread in it made from Maize, Manioc, Aropa, and Cassava ; 
and the superintendent of the farm assured us, that the 
slaves become visibly fatter during the season when the 
Palo de Vaca yields most milk. When exposed to the air, 
this fluid displays on its surface, probably by the absorption 
of the atmospheric oxygen, membranes of a highly animal 
nature, yellowish and thready, like those of cheese ; which, 
when separated from the more watery liquid, are nearly as 
elastic as those of caoutchouc, but in process of time ex- 
hibit the same tendency to putrefaction as gelatine. The 
people give the name of cheese to the curd which thus sepa- 
rates when brought into contact with the air, and say that 
a space of five or six days suffices to turn it sour, as I found 
to be the case in some small quantities that I brought to 
New Valencia. The milk itself, kept in a corked bottle, had 
deposited a small portion of coagulum, and far from becom- 
ing foetid, continued to exhale a balsamic scent. When 
mingled with cold water, the fresh fluid coagulated with 
difficulty ; but contact with nitric acid produced the separa- 
tion of the viscous membranes. 

" This wonderful tree appears peculiar to the Cordillera 
of the shore, especially from Barbula to the Lake of Mara- 
caybo. Some individual Cow Trees are also said to exist near 
the village of San Mateo, and (according to M. Bredemeyer, 
whose expeditions have added so greatly to the treasures 
contained in the noble hothouses of Schonbrunn and Vien- 
na,) likewise in the valley of Caucagua, three days' journey 
to the East of Caracas. To this naturalist, as to us, the 
vegetable milk of the Palo de Vaca appeared to be highly 
agreeable in flavour, and to possess an aromatic smell. 
At Caucaguea, the natives call the tree which yields this 
nutritive fluid, Milk Tree (Arbol de leche) ; and pretend to 
discriminate, by the thickness and hue of their foliage 
those trunks which contain most sap, as a cowherd would 
know, by outward signs, the best milch cow m his 

herd. ' . . 

" I own that amid the great number ot curious pneno- 
mena which offered themselves to my notice during my 
travels, there was hardly one which struck my imagination 
so strongly as the sight of the Cow Tree Every thing 
which relates to milk— all which regards the Cerealia, in- 
spires 



spires us with an interest, which relates not solely to the 
physical knowledge of things, but seems to be allied to an- 
other order of ideas and feelings. We can hardly suppose 
that the human race could exist, extensively, without some 
farinaceous substances, any more than the protracted weak- 
ness of the human nurseling can be supported without the 
nutritive fluid of its mother's breast; and to this conviction 
is attributable the religious kind of reverence with which 
the amylaceous matter of the Cerealia has been regarded by 
people, both in ancient and modern times, as also the feel- 
ings with which we gazed upon the stately tree that I have 
now described. Neither the noble shadowy forests, nor the 
majestic current of rivers, nor the mountains hoary with 
sempiternal snows,— none of these wonders of tropical 
regions, so rivetted my gaze as did this tree, growing on 
the sides of rocks, its thick roots scarcely penetrating the 
stony soil and unmoistened during many months of the 
year by a drop of dew or rain. But dry and dead as the 
branches appear, if you pierce the trunk, a sweet and 
nutritive milk flows forth, which is in greatest profusion at 
day-break At this time, the blacks and other natives of 
the neighbourhood hasten from all quarters, furnished with 
large jugs to catch the milk, which thickens and turns 
yellow on the surface. Some drink it on the spot, others 
carry it home to their children ; and you might fancy you 
saw the family of a cow-herd gathering around him and 
receiving from him the produce of his " kine." 

Incited by this interesting narrative, by the chemical 
analysis published by Messrs. Rivero and Boussingault, 
and by the fact that M. de Humboldt's own specimens were 
very incomplete, I have spared no pains to collect materials 
tor a more correct history ; but hitherto not with that 
success I had anticipated. My original specimens were dried 
ones from Mr. Lockhart, who had imported the plant 
from the Spanish Main to Trinidad, and my first con- 
signment of Tree milk was from his Excellency Sir Ralph 
Woodforde, Governor of that beautiful island. Some of 
the latter was submitted to our distinguished Professor of 
Chemistry, Dr. Thomson, who discovered in it a new sub- 
stance he calls galactine, which he has arranged among the 

rntfrv° « ™ ^ 5??' elaborate wo * on Vegetable Che- 
mistry. The milk" he says, " is white and opaque and of 
the consistence of cream. It had a sour smell, and reddened 
vegetable blues; its specific gravity was 1-01242 It 
contained a small quantity of acetic acid, to which it owed 

its 




its acidity. It contains a peculiar substance which Bous- 
singault and Mariano de Rivero considered as fibrous ; but 
I found its characters very similar to those of cork. When 
the milk of the Cow Tree is evaporated to dryness by a 
gentle heat, and the dry residue digested in alcohol, a sub- 
stance is dissolved which constitutes by far the most 
abundant ingredient in the milk. When the alcoholic 
solution cools, it becomes white and opaque, and deposits 
abundance of snow-white flakes. These if collected on 
a filter and dried, constitute galactine. The ultimate 
analysis of this is given at p. 1045 of the same work, to 
which I must refer for a more copious account of the che- 
mical properties of the milk of the Cow Tree, as well as to 
Mr. Murray's pamphlet above quoted. 

Sir Robert Ker Porter's drawing was accompanied by 
well dried specimens of the foliage, and by the following 
interesting particulars in a letter, dated Caracas, June 8, 
1837. " I had the pleasure of acknowledging the receipt 
of your letter of August (1836) on the 16th of the following 
November ; but from great occupation in my official busi- 
ness, I had not a single day to spare that might enable me 
to satisfy yourself, and two or three other lovers of botany, 
relative to the Milk Tree. I have, however, made an 
excursion into the mountains, some fifty miles distant from 
this city, (about three leagues from the coast,) not far from 
the town of Coriacco, and after extreme pedestrian labour 
up the steep forest-covered face of the mountain, reached 
the spot where the Palo de Vaca grows. I assure you that 
the sight of this extraordinary tree fully repaid me for the 
fatigue and severe wetting I experienced. The close of 
last month was the period of my visit; but, unfortunately, 
it did not prove that either of its flowering or fruit ; how- 
ever, I have sent you a bottle of the milk; some specimens 
of the leaves (as well preserved as circumstances would 
permit) ; a piece of the bark, and a sketch copied from 
that which I took at the time. I should think the elevation 
above the level of the sea where this tree grows, cannot be 
less than four thousand feet, and the temperature at eight 
o'clock under its spreading branches was 70° Fahr. The 
forest was so densely thick and untravelled, that the people 
who accompanied us were obliged, at almost every step, to 
cut a way for us through it with their sword-like knives, 
while the excessive steepness and slippery state of the 
mountain rendered our advance both tedious and dan- 
gerous. However, after a couple of toiling days, we 

reached 



reached the group of sought-for trees, surrounded in all directions by 
others no less wonderful to look upon than themselves. The natives 
lost no time in making a deep incision into the bark of one, down to the 
very wood, from which burst forth the Milk, white and limpid as that of 
the cow, sweet to the palate and accompanied by an aromatic smell, 
but leaving a strong clammyness on the lips, and, upon the tongue, a 
slight bitter. In a quarter of an hour, we filled two bottles with the 
produce of a couple of trees ; for as our visit happened to be made during 
the wane of the moon instead of its increase the lacteal fluid did not 
flow so freely as it is said to do when drawn during the latter-named 
stage." 

" The trunk of the Palo de Vaca from which the drawing was made, 
measured somewhat more than twenty feet in circumference at about 
five feet from the root. This colossal stem ran up to a height of sixty 
feet, perfectly uninterrupted by either leaf or branch ; when its vast 
arms and minor branches, most luxuriantly clothed with foliage, spread 
on every side, fully twenty-five or thirty feet from the trunk, and rising 
to an additional elevation of forty feet, so that this stupendous tree was 
quite a hundred feet high in all. I saw others still larger ; but the 
state of the weather drove us from our position. The leaves, when in 
a fresh state, are of a deep dark and polished green, nearly resembling 
those of the Laurel tribe, from ten to sixteen inches long, and two or three 
inches wide. The specimens sent, will enable you to form a botanical 
description of the foliage, as the portion of bark will do of that 
part of the tree ; the wood, forming the body of the trunk, is white very 
close-grained and hard, resembling the box-wood of Europe. The soil 
which these trees inhabit is dark and rich, and must be damp or very 
wet all the year round." 

" I have been promised by one of the Indians who accompanied me, 
that he would keep a look out for the fruit of the tree and send me' 
some, when I shall have the satisfaction of forwarding a few specimens 
to you. But, with regard to the flower, or the flowering season of the 
tree, I have made enquiries over and over again, from persons who 
reside in the vicinity of other trees of the kind, in different parts of 
Venezuela ; but they tell me that no one ever saw or heard of the Cow 
Tree flowering." 

The imaginary statement of the tree not flowering may be accounted 
for by the nature of the blossoms, being in all likelihood small and incon- 
spicuous, as in so many of the Urtice^, to which Nat. Order it is pro- 
bably correctly referred; though whether it be a true Brosimum as Mr 
JJon is inclined to suppose, or a new Genus, as Humboldt has suggest- 
ed, must yet remain a doubt. The leaves are large and handsome, and of 
a rich and somewhat velvety green hue. The fruit had the outer coat 
so much broken, that I will not venture to describe what is as faithfully 
represented as the nature of the specimens would allow. The bark of 
the larger branches is singularly yellow, as shown in our figure 



Tab. 3723. A landscape, in which the Cow Tree forms a remarkable 
ieature, from a drawing by Sir Robert Ker Porter. 

Tab. 3724. Fig. 1 Portion of a large Branch, and f. 2, portion of a lesser 
Branch with foliage from the living plant in the Glasgow Botanic Garden, 
not,. size.-S Fruit. 4. The same laid open. fig. 5. Seeds laid open, nat. 
size; received from Matthew Pearce, Esq 



512.5. 







( 3725 ) 

Gesneria elongata ; var. Gesnera 
elongated var. 

******************** 

Class and Order. 

DlDYNAMIA GYMNOSPERMIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Gesneriace^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 5-partitus, plerumque germini adnatus. Corolla 
tubuloso-campanulata, limbo bilabiato ; labio superiore bi- 
inferiore trifido. Stigma bilobum. Capsula bilocularis, 
2-valvis, placentis parietalibus. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Gesneria elongata ; foliis ovato-oblongis acutis serrulatis 
supra strigosis subtus Ianato-tomentosis, pedunculis 
elongatis 4-floris, corollae tubulosae fauce constricta. 

Gesneria elongata. Humb. Gen. et Sp. v. 2. p. 318. t. 192. 
Spreng. Syst. Veget. 2. p. 838. 

Gesneria elongata, var. frutieosa, pubescens ; ramosa ; foliis 
oppositis, lanceolato-ovatis, acuminatis, longe petio- 
latis basi inajqualibus, subaequaliter serratis supra 
pubescentibus, subtus molliter tornentosis ; umbellis 
axillaribus, 4-floris folio brevioribus ; corollis villosis 
tubulosis fauce parum constrictis. (Tab. nostr. 3725. ) 



We received this plant at the Botanic Garden, Edin- 
burgh, in September, 1836, from the Messrs. Young, Nur- 
serymen, Epsom, under the name of G. oblongata, perhaps 
by an error in the transcriber. It flowers most freely, ex- 
hibits a long succession of blossoms, and is therefore very 
desirable in cultivation. It differs from G. elongata of Hum- 
boldt in its much shorter peduncles, in the more obtuse 
base of the leaves, in its less angular branches, in the 
colouring of the veins and lower surface of the leaves gene- 
rally, 



rally, and in the subulate segments of the calyx. In these 
respects, it more nearly agrees with Gesneria mollis, but 
from this it differs again, and agrees with G. elongata, by its 
four-flowered umbel and much shorter pedicels, and the 
bracteap opposite at their origin, — the length of the pedun- 
cle being intermediate between its state in these two 
species. There are very many forms of Gesneria from 
the tropical parts of America, but I cannot think they 
ought all to be considered as species. This opinion is 
strengthened by the figures and descriptions of Humboldt, 
and the inspection of our present plant, which leads me to 
suspect that it may connect together as varieties G. mollis 
and G. elongata. 

Descr. Whole plant villous. Stem (five feet high) 
shrubby, much branched ; branches ascending. Leaves 
(three to six inches long, one and a quarter to two and a 
quarter broad) opposite and decussating, petiolate, lanceo- 
late, acuminate, neatly and subequaily serrated, somewhat 
harshly pubescent and bright green above, white with soft 
tomentum below. Umbels four-flowered, villous, shorter 
than the leaves; peduncle shorter than the petiole; pedicels 
about two-thirds of the length of the peduncles ; bracteaj 
two, opposite, lanceolate, at the subdivision of the umbel 
Flowers undateral. Calyx with small, spreading, ovato- 
subulate segments. Corolla (one inch long, half an inch 
across) tubular, clavato-ventricose, dilated and somewhat 
fleshy at its base. Stem contracted, and after bein^ dilat- 
ed, again slightly contracted at its mouth; villous °on the 
outside glabrous within; limb spreading, lobes subequal 
rounded, crenate. Stamens inserted into the base of the 
corolla, and rising to the throat ; filaments pubescent; an- 
thers divaricated at the base, where the connective is dilat- 
ed cucullate and fleshy, fifth stamen rudimental. Pistil 
pubescent; stigma minute, truncated ; style bent at its base 
compressed; germen more than half imbedded in the ad- 
hering calyx and surrounded at its free apex with five 
glands. Ovules numerous, and minute. Graham 



Fig. 1. Flower: magnified. 



3?26. 




Pub by $.Cwrtis GLizcnu/ood. Essex May U$3£ 



( 3726 ) 

ClRRH/EA FUSCO-LUTEA. YeLLOW-BROWN 
ClRRH^EA. 

******************** 

Class and Order. 

Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — OrchidejE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium patens. Sepala libera, aequalia. Petala 
multo angustiora, linearia, flexuosa. Labettum longe ungui- 
culatum, columna continuum, tripartitum ; laciniis angus- 
tis intermedia minore. Columna erecta, clavata, teres ; 
stigmate subquadrato, horizontali ! rostello cirrhato. An- 
thera dorsalis ! membranacea, sub-unilocularis. Pollinia 2, 
parallela, oblonga, compressa, elastice prosilientia ; cau- 
dicula brevi cornea; glandula incurva. — Herbae epiphyte, 
pseudo-bulbos<z. Folia plicata. Racemi penduli, multiflori, 
radicales. Flores maculati. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Cirrh^a* fusco-lutea; foliis lato-lanceolatis, petalis h- 
neari-lanceolatis, labelli lobo medio ovato concavo, 
lateralibus lineari-oblongis reflexis hirsutis. 

Cirrh^a fusco-lutea. Lindl.— Herb. Hook, in Gen. et Spec. 
Orchid, p. 144. 



From the collection in the Glasgow Botanic Garden, 
where it was received from Messrs. Loddiges. It flowers 
in June, and is a native of Brazil. 

Descr.— Pseudo-bulbs ovate, deeply furrowed, par- 
tially sheathed with membranous scales, and having a 

terminal, 



* " The flowers are remarkable for what is called the rostellum being 
prolonged in the form of a small tendril or cirrhus." Lindl. 



terminal, solitary, broadly lanceolate leaf, about eight to 
ten inches long, striated, and slightly plaited. Peduncle 
springing from the base of a bulb, pendent, red, brac- 
teated ; flowers racemose, pendulous. Sepals lanceolate, 
pale dingy brownish-yellow, reflexed. Petals linear-lance- 
eolate, yellow, spotless. Labellum greenish-yellow, on a 
long stalk or unguis, three-lobed, the lateral lobes very 
long, lineari-oblong, obtuse, directed downwards; middle 
lobes ovate, short, very concave, blotched with purple. 
Column nearly as long as the lip, clavate, rounded on the 
back, flat in front. Stigma yellow at the apex. Anther- 
case on the back of the column above the stigma, ovato- 
lanceolate, yellow. Pollen-masses two, linear, with a long, 
pedicellated gland. 



Fig. 1. Column and Lip. Fig. 2. Pollen-mass -.—magnified. 



y t > r 




i mI 2 1 






( 3727 > 

CoOPEIUA PEDUNCULATA. PEDUNCULATED 
COOPERTA. 

********************** 

Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — AmaryllidejE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Scapus cavus. Germen erectum. Perianthium tubo 
erecto cylindrico ore ampliato, limbo albo regulari 1J 
unciali sub sole patente. Filamenta decurrentia, subav 
qualia, apice ad faucem tubi libera. Anthercb subulato- 
lineares (dein lineares), erectae, non versatiles, a tertia parte 
inferiore dorso affixae. Pollen difforme (quod in Zephyran- 
the acute ovale). Stigma crassum trilobum vix trifidum. 
Semina complanata testa tenui nigra. W. H. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Cooperia pedunculata; bulbo depresso, foliis glaucis subses- 
quipedalibus \ unc. latis, scapo superne attenuate uni- 
floro, spatha apice bifida, pedunculo unciali, penanthio 
21 unciali, limbo antheras unciam superante ; tubo 
circiter unciali, antlieris J uncialibus subsessilibus pe- 
talinis sepalina vix quarta parte superantibus, stylo 8 
unc, stigmate suberecto incluso. W. H. 

Zephyranthes Drummondi. Don, App. Sweet Br. FL l*ard. 
Ser.II.v.2.t.328. 

Sceptranthus Drummondi. Graham, Edin. J\ew Phil. 
Journ. 40. 413. A. D. 1838. 



" Having had an opportunity of minutely inspecting Dr. 
Graham's specimen of this plant, I can pledge myself for 
the accuracy of the particulars given in the Specihc Cha- 
racter, and I am quite satisfied that it belongs to one Genus 
with Cooperia Drummondi figured in the Bot. Reg. t. isl- 
and 



and I think it will be found that like that plant it remains 
expanded at night and begins to close early the first morn- 
ing. The peduncle, and the less length of tube, which 
induced Dr. Graham to refer it to a new Genus, are both 
variable features even in Zephyranthes, which is the most 
nearly allied to it, Z. verecunda having sessile flowers, and 
tubispatha and Atamasco pedunculated ones. The non-ex- 
pansion, which was the only other feature of difference noted 
by Dr. Graham, was, I suspect, owing to its not having 
been watched in the night time. The angular pollen 
observed by him is precisely that of Cooperia. I have 
also had the benefit of examining Mr. M'Nab's drawing, 
in which the tube is absolutely erect, and the limb almost 
white, agreeing with the specimen, which the figure in 
" Sweet's Flower Garden" does not. Mr. Don did not 
see the specimen, and formed his opinion of the plant from 
the figure, which has no dissection, and certainly not a very 
correct outline. Mr. M'Nab's drawing has precisely the 
same attitude of the tube as Cooperia Drummondi, both 
the tube and peduncle being quite erect. Cooperia 
Drummondi is a most variable flower. Three bulbs sent 
by Drummond and supposed to be different, flowered at 
Spofforth ; one with the stigma between the anthers, one 
inclosed in the tube, one exceeding the anthers ; but one 
of these bulbs, having sent up four successive scapes in 
about five months, exhibited all those diversities, and much 
variability of colour also ; so that C. chlorosolen can only 
be looked upon as a variety, and almost a variation of C. 
Drummondi. It is not improbable that this plant may have 
a like variable habit. C. Drummondi expands late in the 
afternoon, continues stellate all night, and begins to close 
for ever early the next morning, though it remains some 
time, and even days, in a half expanded state. The dis- 
section I have made from Dr. Graham's specimen is pre- 
cisely double the natural size in all its parts." W. H. 

The plant is a native of Texas, and was sent from thence 
in 1835 to this country. It has since flowered in several 
collections : firstly, at Dr. Neill's; also at Messrs. Dickson's, 
from whose specimens the accompanying figure was made 
in March, 1836, at the Glasgow Botanic Garden, and at 
Mr. Herbert's of Spofforth, who has kindly communicated 
some further information, in September, 1836. " It is," 
he says, <c like the other Cooperia, a decidedly nocturnal 
flower ; that is, its expansion takes place about an hour 
or half aii hour before sunset. My flower did not expand 

perfectly 



perfectly, but its first attempt was just before sunset ; and in 
that posture it remained till the same hour the second day, 
when it opened, and on the third day still wider, but not 
fully, and on the next morning it began to shrivel and to 
grow red on the outside of the sepals, as C. Drummondl 
does. It has the same primrose-like fragrance as that 
species. Its petaline filaments are a little prolonged. 1 
have been puzzled about the capricious non-expansion of 
the Cooperias; but I think I now understand them. En- 
creased temperature does not aid it, but prevents it, and 
probably would of any nocturnal flower : the thing neces- 
sary for its expansion seems, on the contrary, to be the de- 
crease of the mean temperature. The requisite is, there- 
fore, a given mean temperature, and the decrease which oc- 
curs in the evening. In the stove, or greenhouse, unless 
the sun shines all day, there is not that decrease of the tem- 
perature at sunset which causes it to open, and therefore 
its expansion is sluggish and imperfect : and it so happened 
that the weather was very cloudy and cold, and when the 
lights were shut, the house in which this bulb stood was 
warmer than it had been in the day. The second day was 
warmer, and the third still more so, though all cloudy, there- 
fore there was a greater difference in the evening, which 
caused those three efforts of the flower. If I had placed 
the plant in the open air the day before its expected expan- 
sion, I am confident that it would have opened flat. C. 
Drummondi, set out of doors before expansion, opened flat 
at night, and continued so three days. In the stove in cold 
weather it never opened at all, because there was no de- 
crease of temperature." 



Fig. 1, 2. Section of the Flower showing the situation of the Stamens 
and the length of the Style from Dr. Graham's Sceptranthus Drum- 
mondi, from a sketch by the Hon. and Rev. W. Herbert -.-magnified to 
twice the natural size. 



j; u. 




' - 



( 3728 ) 

Caladium petiolatum. Long-stalked 
Caladium. 

*********************** 

Class and Order. 

MONCECIA MONANDRIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Aroide;E. ) 

Generic Character. 

Spatha monophylla, cucullata, basi convoluta. Spadix 
ad apicem staminifer, mucrone quandoque nudo ; medio 
o-landulosus ; basi ovariis tectus. Antherce peltatae, sub 
pelta ad ambitum multiloculares. Glandulce (stamina ste- 
rilia) obtusae. Stigma umbilicatum. Bacca monosperma? 
Br. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Caladium petiolatum ; folio ternatim composito longissime 
petiolato, foliolis pinnatifidis laciniis ovatis acutis inte- 
rns v. divisis, scapo petioloque infra muricatis, spatha 
oblonga acuminata spadicem longe superante, germi- 
nibus ovatis subattenuatis reflexis tuberculatis. 



Tubers of this singular plant were dug up in the Island 
of Fernando Po, by Mr. Boultbee, Jun., and sent to his 
father, Joseph Boultbee, Esq., Springfield, Knowle, Bir- 
mingham, in whose stove they blossomed in 1832, and who 
kindly transmitted me a drawing and a tuber, which latter 
has flowered readily in the Glasgow Botanic Garden. 
The tubers, being in a dormant state, were believed to be 
those of a kind of Potato, said to grow in that island ; but 
the mistake was soon after discovered, when, on being 
given as food to some of the live stock on board ship, these 
supposed Potatoes occasioned their death. With us the 

flowering season of this plant is June. 

° Descr. 



Descr. Tuber of an oval-oblong shape, horizontal, 
partly rising above the ground, marked with rings, appa- 
rently showing its annual progress, and with scars, whence 
the old leaves and flower-stalks have fallen. Petiole erect, 
three feet high, rounded, green blotched with purple, espe- 
cially below, where it is sparingly muricated : above, it di- 
vides into three branches or large leaflets, spreading like 
an umbrella, each of these is stalked and deeply pinnatifid, 
the segments very acute, entire or divided. Prom the base 
of the petiole arises the scape, a foot in height, in form and 
spinules resembling the petiole ; clothed at the base with 
large sheathing scales : spatha half the length of the scape, 
oblong, much acuminated, concave, below convolute, of a 
dark purple colour, very intense and black purple within. 
Spadix not half so long as the spatha, thick and obtuse; its 
upper-half covered with large, polygonous, peltate, fleshy, 
whitish or cream-coloured anthers: the lower, except at the 
very lowest part, with numerous recurved, dark-purple pis- 
tils : these are ovate, smooth at the base, attenuated above 
and there clothed with short spines or tubercles. Stigma 
blunt. 6 



Fig. 1. Anther. 2. Pistil. 3. The same with the Germen cut through 
ve rtically : — magnified. 



j; m 







( 3729 ) 

Schomburgkia marginata ; var. petalis sepalisque 
immarginatis. Margined Schomburgkia ; var. 

********************** 

Class and Order. 

Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^:. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala et Petala conformia, patentia, omnius libera, basi 
aequalia. Labellum difForme membranaceum, trilobum, 
cucullatum, basi cum margine columnae connatum, supra 
basin tumidum (intrusum); venis lamellatis. Columna 
marginata. Pollinia 8. — Rhizoma repens, nudum, annula- 
tum, pseudo-bulbigerum. Folia coriacea. Scapi terminates 
vaginati. Bracteae spathacea. Flores speciosi, racemosi, 
congesti. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Schomburgkia* marginata; petalis sepalisque undulatis 
obtusis, labelli lobo medio subrotundo acuto. 

Schomburgkia marginata. Lindl. Sert. Orchid. Tab. X. 
(in text) and Tab. XIII. t 

(j3). sepalis petalisque marginibus concolonbus. (Tab. 
nostr. 3729.; 



This fine and very rare Orchideous plant, a native of 
Surinam, was obligingly communicated from the collection 
of Thomas Brocklehurst, Esq., of the Fence, Manchester, 
in the month of December, 1838. That gentleman justly 
observed, that it was nearly allied to the Schomburgkia 



* So named by Professor Lindley, and in honor of Dr. Schomburgk, 
a distinguished Naturalist and Geographer, who has been for many years 
engaged in exploring the interior of British Guiana. 

crispa 



VOL. XIII. 



crispa of Dr. Lindley above quoted, the chief difference 
consisting in the reddish colour and more acute lobe of the 
lip in the flowers of our plant. Shortly after, in Part III 
of Dr. Lindley's " Sertum Orchidaceum," appeared, from 
a drawing made in Surinam, a second species of the Genus 
b.marginata, having flowers, which in their hue and middle 
lobe of the lip nearly resemble the present : but the margin 
ot the petals and sepals is of a yellow colour, and the lip is 
less waved. To this, however, I find in Prof. Lindley's 
Miscellaneous notices (Bot. Reg., Feb. 1839,) that Mr 
Brocklehurst's plant is unquestionably referred ; an opin- 
ion in which I readily acquiesced : but seeing how liable 
the colour of the inflorescence is to vary, it may admit of 
doubt how far the only two species yet described are really 

Descr. The specimen from which our figure was taken 
has twenty pseudo-bulbs, similar to those here represented 
oblong, furrowed, stipitate and sheathed with pale brown 
scales each bearing, at the summit, two or three lai ^e ob- 
long lanceolate, coriaceous leaves. From the base of the 
upper leaf arises the flower -stalk, a foot, or a foot and a half 
high, rounded, bracteated, bearing a broad raceme, or rather 
corymb of flowers, each blossom subtended by a reflexed' 
linear-lanceolate, membranaceous bractea. Sepals oblon^ 
spreading, remarkably crisped or undulated, of a dull brick- 
red colour. Lip nearly white, tinged with pink, and yellow 
at the base, oblong-ovate, waved, but less so than the 
petals, three-lobed, the disk elevated and marked with 
about five raised, waved lamella, the side-lobes short ob- 
tuse, the terminal one cordate, rather acute. Column semi- 
cylindrical, parallel with the lip. Anther hemispherical 



Fig. 1. Column. 2. Lip '.—magnified. 



w 



3730. 




( 3730 ) 

HOLOGYMNE GLABRATA. GLABROUS 
HOLOGYMNE. 

Class and Order. 

Syngenesia Superflua. 

( Nat. Ord. — Composite. ) 

Generic Character. 

Capitulum multiflorum radiatum, lig-ulis foemineis exser- 
tis. Involucrum gamophyllum campanulatum 8 — 15-den- 
tatum. Receptaculum conicum papillosum. Flores disci 
hermaphroditi, corollae limbo campanulato. Anthers in- 
clusas. Achenia conformia lineari-oblonga compressa "la- 
bra la?via calva. Bartling. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Hologymne* glabrata ; glaberrima, foliis integerrimis vel 

subdentatis, involucris turbinatis. 
Hologymne glabrata. Bartl. Ind. Sem. Hort. Gbtting. 1837. 

in Linnea, 1838. p. 81. 
Lasthenia glabrata. Lindl. Bot. Reg. t. 1780. De Cand. 

Prodr. v. b.p. 665. 
Lasthenia Californica ? Lind. Bot. Reg. t. 1823. 



Bartling has certainly done right in separating this 
Californian Lasthenia from the original Chilian L. ob- 
tusifolia, Cass., and this view Dr. Arnott and myself have 
adopted, in the Eighth Part of the Botany of Beechey's 
Voyage now in the press. Of the Californian Lasthenia, 
two species detected by Mr. Douglas are taken up both 
by Dr. Lindley and Professor De Candolle ; but there 

is 



* From o*o?, whole, or entirely, and yvptof, naked : I presume in allusion 
to the entirely naked akenia. 



is in the Prodromus of the latter some confusion about 
them which we cannot unravel. L. glabrata was first 
described by Professor Lindley, and he correctly defines 
and figures it as " glaberrima :" but De Candolle's plant 
of that name is slightly downy, and seems to be the 
Californica of Lindl. Bot. Reg. p. 1823. Yet De Can- 
dolle is quoted as authority for that plant, which in the 
Prodromus he calls " Lasth. glaberrima," and distin- 
guishes by the presence of a pappus of five chaffy scales. 
Both the species of Lindley, however, are destitute of pap- 
pus, and are, perhaps, not specifically distinct. H. gla- 
brata has been distributed by the Horticultural Society 
to various gardens, in which it forms a lively hardy annual, 
flowering during the summer months. 

Descr. Root annual, fibrous. Stems somewhat decum- 
bent, flexuose, a foot long, branched, rounded, fistulose, 
glossy, glabrous, as is every part of the plant. Leaves 
opposite, lanceolate, acuminated, carinated, quite entire in 
our specimens, dilated and connate at the base. Flowers 
rather large, golden-yellow, solitary on terminal peduncles. 
Involucre broadly campanulate, cut into twelve to fifteen 
spreading, acute teeth, each tooth corresponding with a 
floret of the ray. Florets of two kinds : those of the cir- 
cumference ligulate ; ligule oblong-oval, spreading, two- or 
three-toothed at the apex ; tube narrow, cylindrical, elon- 
gated, glandular. Germen oblong, broader upwards, com- 
pressed : pappus none. Style scarcely so long as the tube 
of the corolla : Stigma of two linear branches. Central 
florets : Corolla tubular, campanulate above, five-toothed, 
the teeth fimbriated at the back ; the base contracted, glan- 
dular : Anthers yellow : Germen oblong, compressed, a little 
broader upwards : Pappus none. Style a little longer than 
the anthers : branches of the stigma clavate, hairy on the 
back at the extremity. Receptacle conical, covered with 
numerous little, elongated papillae, upon each of which a 
floret is situated. 



Fig. 1. Floret of the Ray. 2. Stigma of ditto. 3. Floret of the Disk. 
4. Section of the Involucre, showing the Receptacle : — magnified. 



3731. 





' 







( 3731 ) 

Begonia sinuata. Sinuated Begonia ; 
or Elephant's Ear. 

MS VIS "/JS */fr vfi "vfv" yfi *;£." vfr VJS "SIS" 'P MS MS -IS MS MS MS MS MS MS MS 

C/ass awd Order. 

M0N(ECIA POLYANDRIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — BegoniacejE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Masc. Cal. o. Cor. polypetala, petal is plerumque 4, 
inaequalibus. — F^m. Cat. o. Cor. petalis 4 — 9, plerum- 
que inaequalibus. Styli 3, bifidi. Caps, triquetra, alata, 
trilocularis, polysperma. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Begonia sinuata ; caulescens, ramosissima, ubique glaber- 
rima, foliis inaequalibus cordatis lobatis acutis obtuse 
dentatis nitidis subtus pallidis venis coloratis, floribus 
masculis dipetalis, staininibus subliberis, foemineis 5- 
petalis inaequalibus, capsulae alis subaequalibus acutis, 
pedunculis bifidis, ramis bifloris. Graham. 

(/3.) sinuata. Graham in Ed. Journ. of Sc. 1837. 



The number of species in cultivation of this beautiful 
Genus has been greatly increased of late years, and a large 
proportion through the often-mentioned Garden at Berlin, 
from whence this was sent to the Botanic Garden, Edin- 
burgh, and to Dr. Neill in 1836, under the name here 
adopted. In both these establishments it flowered in the 
end of May and in June. The country from which it was 
originally obtained was not stated to us. 

Descr. Whole plant glabrous and shining. Stem thick, 
short, much branched ; branches erect, tumid at the joints. 
Stipules attenuated at the apex, dilated at the base, and 
sometimes half-sagittate, marcescent. Petioles (2 — 3 inches 

long) 



lonff) suberect, channelled above. Leaves shorter than the 
petioles, unequally cordate, lobed, shortly and bluntly 
toothed, slightly waved, bright green above, paler below, 
where the veins are deep red, especially on the older leaves. 
Cymes axillary; peduncle about as long as the petiole, 
slightly compressed, dichotomous, with a male flower in the 
fork, and one male and one female flower on each division. 
Male flowers dipetalous, white, petals equal and subrotund, 
stamens united only at the base of the filaments. Female 
flowers with five unequal petals. Germen with three sub- 
equal, acute wings, slightly rose-coloured at the edges near 
the base when young. Graham. 



Fig. 1. Young Fruit: — magnified. 



3 732. 




( 3732 ) 

Geranium cristatum. Crested-seeded 
Crane's-Bill. 

Class and Order. 

MONADELPHIA DeCANDRIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Geraniace^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala 5 alalia. Petala 5 aequalia Stamina 10 fer- 
tilia alterna majora. Glandules nectarifera ad basin stami- 
numniaiorum. Carpellorum aristce intus glabra,, demum 
elastice a basi ad axeos apicem circinnatim revolute.-- 
Herbae rarissime suffrutescentes, foliis palmato-lobatis, pe- 
dunculis 1—2-floris. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Geranium cristatum; caule flaccido hispido foliis renifor- 
mibus 7-lobis, lobis cuneiformibus tnfidis lacin is tn- 
dentatis, pedunculis elongatis calycibusque his^idis 
petalis emarginatis, fructibus rugoso-cristatis. Meyer 
PL Caucas. p. 208. v M 

Gehaniom cristatum. Slev Mem Soc H*t. Nat. Bto^v. 
4 » 50. t. 5. De Cand. Prodr. v.l.p. Md. apreng. 

gJ&2&^'-«*. n Taurico-Caucas. *. 2. P . 



137. 



Avery pretty and showy species of < Gekan.™ received 
at the Glaso-ow Botan c Garden from St. Petersburgn. u 

where it was first detected by Steven ; and it ■*» «™ bee ° 
found bv Dr. Charles Ant. Meyeb, in the F°" nce OI 
Talusch inhabiting not only the borders of the Caspian 
la Tut growing if the mountain -districts, at an elevation 



equal to 3,600 feet above the level of the sea. It flowers in 
the open border in July : but I regret that 1 have not been 
able to give a figure of the fruit, which affords one of the 
most striking characters of the species, and from whence 
the specific name is derived. 

Descr. Stems weak, prostrate, herbaceous, rounded, 
clothed with spreading hairs, not much branched. Leaves 
on long, slender, hairy, wavy petioles, especially the radical 
ones, reniform, or more usually approaching to orbicular, 
deeply seven-lobed, strongly veined, the lobes cuneate, 
trifid, the segments two or three-toothed. Peduncles long, 
slender, two-flowered, hairy, bracteated at the forking of the 
peduncle. Flowers rather large, handsome, of a bright red 
purple colour, marked with redder veins. Calyx-veins oval, 
spreading, clothed with spreading hairs, mucronate. Petals 
broadly obovate, emarginate, hairy near the base. Stamens 
ten, as in the Genus ; five inner ones longer, more erect, and 
having the anthers dehiscent sooner than the outer ones, 
purple-red ; pollen almost blue. Style and stigmas shorter 
than the inner stamens. 



Fig. 1. Flower, from which the Petals are removed. 2. Petal -.—magnified. 



3733. 




( 3733 ) 

Oncidium Papilio; var. limbatum. Butterfly 
Oncidium: ; broad-bordered var. 

*********************** 

Class and Order. 

Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord.— Orchide^. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium explanatum. Sepflfe sarins '""dulato ; late- 
,.„lih,is nunc sub labello connatis. Petala confonnia. 1m 
tltm maximum, ecalcaratutn, cum columna contmuu.n, 
SOS basi tuberculatum v crisUtu- Cotana 
libera semiteres, an ce utrinque alata. Antnera sem nno 
cuS rostello nunc abbreviate, nunc elongate rostrato. 
?&8, postice sulcata; caudicula f^f a "^ c ^ 
longa.-Herbffi epiphyte, nunc pseudo-bulbosce I olia c -art 
Icef Scapi paniculati vaginati, ranus smphces. Flores 
spedosi, lutei, sxpius maculati, raro albu Lmdl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

o NCIDIUM papa*; h ^^^c g r^c«TSs 

rugosis monophyllis, wins j w»V art i C ulato 

m?culatis, scapo perennante deb. I lanciptti 

longnnmis bas, angusta '^P . fa tabeHi l ac inia 
revolutis undulatis labeUo loii„ioi - u 

intermedia emarg.nata su f^^^'^andulis for- 
a „,„ s ta t a .atera .bus * , CH^g ^ ^ 
mam ranae cubaims reieienu , 

«• '» Ge». etfP-.Pffkft 910. Hoot. JW. 
Oncidium Papdio. ta* «»' »<V 

(, ) kbSu lo'bfmedio flavo late .errugiueo-marginatis. 

C7'«6. «os«r. 3733.J _________ 

and beautiful Oncidium . WHO* more 



more the appearance of some strange lepidopterous insect 
than any flower we know. Some specimens, are, however, 
much more brightly coloured than others, and we have here 
selected one of the best denned of those that have so fre- 
quently appeared in the stove of the Glasgow Botanic 
Garden, where bulbs are often imported from Trinidad. 
This variety is distinguished by the clear yellow or ground 
colour of the blossom, the distinctness of the rich ferrugin- 
ous blotches, and the broad uninterrupted margin of the 
same reddish-brown hue which adorns the middle lobe of 
the lip. We refer our readers to Tab. 2795 of this Work 
for a full specific description of this plant. 



Fig. 1. Column and lower portion of the Lip : — magnified. 



( 3334 ) 

Leptotes bicolor ; var. glaucophylla. Two- 
coloured Leptotes ; glaucous-leaved var. 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala et Petala linearis subaequalia, patentia. Label- 
lum posticum, trilobum, cum columna parallelum, lacimis 
lateralibus nanis circa columnam convolutis, intermedia 
oblonga marginibus reflexis. Columna brevis, crassa, se- 
miteres. Anthera (hemisphserica, bifida.) Pollima o, in- 
cuinbentia, quorum 2 superiora pyriformia obliqua com- 
pressa, 4 inferiora inaequalia tenuiora, antenonbus duplo 
minoribus.— Caules breves, teretes, squamis vaginati. b olia 
teretia. Lindl. 

Specific Name and Synonym. 

Leptotes * bicolor. 

Leptotes bicolor. Lindl Bot. Reg. t. Ibdb 

(/3.) foliis glaucescentibus. (Tab. nostr. 333*. J 



This pretty plant was sent by Mr Gardner from the 
Organ Mountains to the Woburn Gardens, where it blos- 
somed in February, 1839. Its ^S^ ^ 1 ?^^ 
white lip at first induced me to consider it distinct from the 
Leptotes bicolor of Professor Lindley -but it is perhaps 
more correct to describe it as a variety of that species. The 
Lnther-case is bifid, resembling the hoof of some ^ ruminai n g 
animal ; and the pollen is exceedingly curious in structure 

Descr. Rhizoma short, rounded, bearing several short 
stems, or cylindrical pseudo-bulbs, each ^ mina{e \^ 

* From * f ™«, slender, in allusion to the slender foliage. 



nearly cylindrical, fleshy, acuminated, recurved leaf, with 
a groove on the upper side, of a glaucous green colour. 
From the base of this leaf arises a short bracteated peduncle, 
with a solitary^otoer, and a very long, glabrous, cylindrical, 
pedunculiform germen. Sepals and petals pure white, 
linear-oblong, spreading, rather acute, about an inch and a 
half long. Lip spreading, acute, white, three-lobed, the 
two lateral lobes ovate, greenish, the middle one very long, 
the sides a little reflexed, the disk with a purple blotch 
near the base. Column short, thick, deeply furrowed in 
front. Anther-case hemispherical, deeply two-lobed in front, 
two-celled, dark purple, the lobes membranous, brownish. 
Pollen-mass of six flat yellow lobes, two forming the base, 
the four superior in two pairs. 



Fig. 1. Lip. 2. Column. 3. 4. Anther-cases. 5. 6. Pollen-mass 
magnified. 



5 1 I \ 




( 3735 ) 

Edwardsia Macnabiana. Mr. Macnab's 
Edwardsia. 

********************** 

Class and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Leguminoss. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx obliquus 5-dentatus, latere superiore fisso. Pctala 
5 distincta conniventia in corollam papilionaceam, carina 
lon«-a. Stamina 10 filamentis (ex Salisb.) deciduis toro 
decangulari cyathiformi insertis. Legumen moniliforme 1- 
loculare bivalve tetrapterum polyspermum. — Frutices aut 
Arbusculae. Folia imparl -pinnata multijuga exstipulata 
tarde decidua. Flores aurei axillares, breviter spicato-race- 
mosi. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Edwardsia Macnabiana; foliolis 20-jugis elliptico-obova- 
tis supra glabris subtus villosiusculis, vexillo rotundato 
amplo alis breviori basi subcordato, carina petalis 
hiantibus ala longioribus marginibus inferioribus re- 
flexis. Graham. 

Edwardsia Macuabiana. Graham MSS. 



This strikingly handsome shrub has been for many years 
in cultivation at the Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, having 
now a stem which measures eleven inches in circumference ; 
but when, or whence, it was introduced we do not know, 
though we have never observed it in any other collection. 

Some doubt may be entertained whether the present plant 
is not a seedling variety of E. grandiflora ; but it is in- 
stantly distinguishable from the ordinary form of that spe- 
cies, by its nearly equal petals, by the wide separation of 
the petals of the keel, and by its flowering when in full 

leaf 



VOL. XIII. 



leaf. Every year till the present, (1838,) it had thriven 
well and blossomed profusely upon a South wall, and it had 
also lived, though it did not thrive, or blossom, as a 
standard. In the last and memorable winter, memorable for 
the ruin it effected among shrubs more than half hardy, this 
beautiful plant suffered much less than E. grandiflora or E. 
microphylla, individuals of which, about the like size and 
age as E. Macnabiana, and occupying parts of the same wall 
with it were killed to the ground, while the present species 
was only a good deal cut, and it did not flower this year. 
Mr. Macnab feels more confident than I do of its being a 
species, and to him, therefore, I have dedicated it. 

Descr. A large Shrub, or small Tree, with brown, 
warted bark : the young branches covered with appressed, 
silky rufous pubescence. Leaves with about twenty pairs 
of elliptico-obovate leaflets; glabrous above, as well as the 
channelled common petiole, slightly hairy below, hairs 
appressed, rufous. Flowers produced upon the plant at the 
same time as the foliage, in lateral racemes, pedicelled. 
Calyx cylindrical abruptly truncated at both extremities, 
toothed, shortly but densely pubescent. Corolla bright 
yellow ; vexillum about three times as long as the calyx 
rounded, subcordate at the base, somewhat shorter than the 
other petals; alee curved, elliptical, cordate at the base; 
claw linear, bulging outwards ; Keel longer than the wings 
dipetalous : Petals elliptical, seinicordate on the upper side' 
spreading and revolute at the lower margin, so a« in the 
space left between them, to expose the stamens to their 
base ; claws longer than those of the ala3 and straight Sta- 
mens as long as the keel; filaments subulate, glabrous 
spreading at their apices. Anthers small. Pistil as Ion- as 
the stamens ; Germen covered with silky, appressed, rufous 
hairs, and marked externally by the numerous ovules; 
Style subulate, nearly straight, almost glabrous; Stigma 
minute. Legume moniliform, four-winged, wings approach- 
ing m pairs above and below. Seeds roundish, of a yellow- 
ish-brown colour. Graham. 



Fig. 1. Flower of E. Macnabiana, natural size. 



( 3736 ) 

Bletia Parkinsoni. Mr. Parkinson's 

Bletia. 

********************* 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — OrchidEjE. ) 
Generic Character. 

Sepala patentia, aequalia. Petala nunc patentia, nunc 
conniventia, sepalis subaequalia. Labellum cucullatum, 
cum columna articulatum, nunc basi saccatum, trilobum, 
disco seepius lamellato vel tuberculato. Columna elongata 
semiteres. Anthera carnosa, 8-locularis. Pollinia 8, aequa- 
lia, caudiculis4 pulvereis cohaerentia. — Herbae subterrestres, 
foliis ensiformibus plicatis, scapis racemosis multifloris,ftori- 
bus scepius speciosi. Lindl. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Bletia Parkinsoni; scapo simplici longissimo, sepalis peta- 
lisque lanceolato-linearibus erectis, labello oblongo 
trilobo lobis lateralibus brevibus incurvis intermedio 
ovali crispato, disco lineis elevatis 5 undulatis. 



This very distinct species of Bletia was sent by Mr. 
Parkinson, H. M. Consul-General at Mexico, from that 
country, to the rich collection at Woburn Abbey, where it 
flowered in the month of January, 1839. It has the nar- 
rowest flowers of any species with which we are yet ac- 
quainted, much more so than those of Bletia reflexa, 
Lindl., Bot. Reg. 1. 1760, which is perhaps its nearest affin- 
ity, though the two plauts are abundantly distinct. These 
flowers are in our species of a lively rose-colour, the lip and 
column beautifully variegated with yellow and purple. 

Descr. Bulb terrestrial, subglobose, but gibbous. Scape 
two feet, and more long, slender, jointed, with brownish, 



sheathing 



sheathing bracteas at the joints. Raceme seven to ten- 
flowered. Flowers rather more than an inch long, spread- 
ing. Sepals, petals, and lip erect or closed, the two former 
equal, linear-lanceolate, rather acute than acuminate, deep 
rose colour. Lip rather longer than the sepals, and almost 
enclosed by them, oblong, yellow, three-lobed, the two side 
lobes short, obtuse, incurved, purplish, the middle one oval, 
reflexed, crisped, blotched at the margin with deep purple; 
the whole disk marked with five elevated, waved lines. 
Column enclosed by the lip, grooved in front. Anther-case 
purple. Pollen-masses eight, yellow. 



Fig. 1. Column and Lip. 2. The same, the Lip bent back. 3. Anther- 
case. 4. Pollen-masses : — magnified. 



3 73 







( 3737 ) 

GRINDELIA INULOIDES. FlEA-BANE-LIKE 

Grindelia. 

************************ 

Class and Order. 
Syngenesia Superflua. 

( Nat. Ord. — Composite. ) 

Generic Character. 

Capitulum multiflorum tetragonum, Jl. radii 1 -serial is 
Ii|ulatis (in unica spec, nullis), disci tubulosis 5-dentatis 
hermaphroditis. Receptaculum foveolatum. Involucrum 
basi hemisphaericum, squamis pluriserialibus imbricatis. 
Antheraz basi nudae nee caudata3. Achamia obovata aut 
subangulata, glabra. Pappus pauci - aristatus deciduus, 
aristis crassis rigidis— Suffrutices aut Herbal Americana; ad 
apices et pr&sertim ad involucra glutiniferai. Folia alterna 
serrata aut integra, radicalia sapius spathulata, caul i it a 
sessilia aut semiamplexicaulia . Capitula ad apices solitaria . 
Flores Jlavi. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Grindelia inuloides ; caule basi suffruticoso, foliis glabris 
radicalibus spathulatis, caulinis subovatis sermtis basi 
latioribus subamplexantibus, pedunculis pubescenti- 
bns, involucris glabris. Dun. 

Grindelia inuloides. Willd. Mag. Nat. zu Bert. 180/. p. 
261. Enum. p. 894. Dun. in Mem. du Mus. v. 5. p. 
50. t. 15. Spreng. Syst. Veget. v. 3. p. 575^ 

Donia inuloides. Hook. Fl. Bor. Am. v. 2. p. 25. 

(/3.) foliis pubescentibus. 

Grindelia inuloides. Bot. Reg. t. 243. 



I have reason to think that the individuals of the Genus 
Grindelia are liable to very considerable variation, so that 
I have sometimes found it difficult to draw the line of dis- 
tinction 



tinction between G. inuloides, glutinosa, and ciliata. The 
present may, I believe, be safely referred to the former of 
these species. It is a much taller and ranker growing 
plant than G. squamosa, and has less rigid and less spinous 
teeth, and is a much shyer flowering plant : but the flowers 
are considerably larger and handsomer. In regard to the 
Genus, Mr. Brown has expressed his opinion that Grindelia 
and Donia ought to be united. Lessing has kept them sepa- 
rate, and even placed them in a distinct subsection of his As- 
terejE ; the one chiefly distinguished by the caudate anthers, 
including Donia glutinosa, (to which he adds as a conge- 
ner D. Canariensis, — Buphthalmum, Brouss.,) while Grin- 
delia is referred to a division whose anthers are destitute of 
awns. But as this proves to be the case also, according to 
Mr. Arnott, with D. glutinosa, so the D. Canariensis ought 
alone to remain in Donia. 

This plant was detected in Texas by Mr. Drummond, and 
from seeds sent by him our specimens were raised, which 
flowered in the open border of the Glasgow Botanic Garden 
in September, 1835. 

Descr. Stems two feet and more high, much branched 
and slightly downy, especially above. Leaves alternate, 
the lower ones somewhat spathulate, the rest oblong, semi- 
amplexicaul, the uppermost ones broader at the base and 
linear, inclining to ovate, all of them of a somewhat mem- 
branaceous texture, glabrous, sharply toothed at the mar- 
gin. Flowers large, terminal, solitary, yellow. Involucre 
hemispherical, viscid, of numerous, subulate, squarrose 
scales. Receptacle convex, naked. Ligulate florets entire 
at the apex ; those of the disk, with included anthers : ger- 
mens of both obovate, compresso-triquetrous, with one or 
two long, flexible, very caducous bristles. 



Fig. 1. Floret of the Ray. 2. Floret of the Disk. 



738. 




( 3738 ; 
Gesneria stricta. Upright Gesneria. 

."fr. &• .St / . afc ..4'. r^ jfc ■& jfc jjK vSt*. .SI 1 . A .Sfc .•{'■ .Sfc .SI'. .'I*, jfc afc jfc afc 

MS MS MS MS /J? MS MS MS MS MS M> MS MS MS MS MS MS MS MS MS MS ™ 

C/«ss awrf Order. 

DlDYNAMIA ANGIOSPERMIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Gesnerie.e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 5-partitus (plerumque germini adnatus). Corolla 
tubuloso-campanulata, limbo bilabiato ; labio superiore bi- 
inferiore trifido. Capsula bilocularis, bivalvis, placentis 
parietalibus. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Gesneria stricta; elata pubescenti-tomentosa, foliis terna- 
tiin verticillatis (inferioribus oppositis) elliptico-ovatis 
obtusis crenatis sessilibus, panicula termiuali laxa, pe- 
dicellis bracteisque ovatis ternatim verticillatis, corolla? 
elongatae curvatae compressae hirsute labio superiore 
bifido inferiore trifido duplo longiore, laciniis undulatis, 
glandulis hypogynis 5, stylo basi geniculate 

Gesneria stricta. Hook, et Am. Contr. to S. Am. Bot. in 
Hook. Bot. Journ. p. 280. 



Our flowering plant of this handsome Gesneria is nearly 
five feet high ; the flowering portion extending to a foot and 
more. Roots were sent of it, as well as dried specimens, by 
Mr. Tweedie from Rio Grande in South Brazil, and the 
blossoms were produced in the stove of the Glasgow Botanic 
Garden, in July, 1835. In habit, it resembles G. Sceptrum 
of Martius; but the flowers are very different in shape; the 
corolla having a remarkable curvature on the upper side, 
and following its direction, the style is singularly geniculate 
ed at its base : the upper lip too is much longer : the style 
and anthers exserted. 

Descr. Stems simple at the base and weak, branched 

above, 



above, and there very rounded, hairy, the hairs pointing 
upwards. Leaves below in opposite, remote, pairs ; above, 
in whorls of three, all of them oblong-ovate, or nearly ellip- 
tical upon so short a stalk, that they can scarcely be called 
petiolated, obtuse, hairy on both sides, and beneath very pale- 
coloured, but not woolly, two to three inches long : — these 
gradually become smaller, and pass into small, ovate ses- 
sile bracteas, equally whorled, and three in a whorl. In the 
axis of each bractea is a pedicel, two or more inches long, 
curved, hairy, bearing a single, large, handsome, red Jlower. 
Calyx almost globose, hairy, gibbous above, divided nearly 
half way down into five triangular, sharp lobes. Corolla 
two inches long, with a remarkable double, inflated gibbo- 
sity at the base above, the tube curved, flattened at the sides, 
hairy, the limb unequally two-lipped: upper lip straight, 
bifid, twice as long as the lower, which has three short, 
slightly patent lobes, all of them a little waved. Stamens 
curved. Anthers, as well as the style, protruded. Hypo- 
gynous glands five, yellow ; two upper ones the largest, 
and united for nearly their whole length. Germen ovate, 
hairy. Style reddish, green below, suddenly curved up- 
wards at the base. 



Fig. 1. Pistil and Hypogynous Glands : — magnified. 



( 3739 ) 

Trichopilia tortilis. Twisted-petaled 
Trichopilia. 

iV, . v l / . .S^i ■ v I / . Jl . v t / . &. A afc ■ v l / - .^ i*^- .^ iV. A\ &- 1&- &- A'- iVr 
MS Vf. VJC vfv Vf- Vj> MS Vr> MS MS M> * Mf MS MS MS MS MS M~ M> 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — OrchidejE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala et Petala aequalia, patentia, angusta. Labellum 
magnum, petaloideum, convolutum, cum columna paralle- 
lum, trilobum, lobo intermedio subbilobo planiusculo, 
intus nudum. Columna teres, clavata. Clinandrium cu- 
cullatum, 3-lobum,villoso-fimbriatum. Anthera 1-locularis, 
compressa, antice convexa. Pollinia 2, postice sulcata, 
caudiculae tenui cuneatae adhaerentia ; glandula minima. — 
Pseudo-bulbi carnosi, vaginis maculatis super tecti, mono- 
phylli, coriacei. Flores solitarii, axillares. Lindl. 

Specific Name and Synonym. 

Trichopilia* tortilis. 

Trichopilia tortilis. Lindl. Bot. Reg. t. 1863. 



A Mexican Genus, lately established by Professor Lind- 
ley, on a specimen which flowered in the stove of George 
Barker, Esq., of Springfield, near Birmingham. The in- 
dividual plants here represented were sent to the Woburn 
Collection, by Mr. Parkinson, where they produced then- 
blossoms in January, 1839. These blossoms differed in no 
respect from those figured in the Botanical Register, except 



* From 9pi|, T P . X o f , a hair, and «*«, a cap : the anther of this Genus is 
concealed below a cap, surmounted with three tufts of hair. Lindl. 



in having the colours less bright, and the interior of the 
lip spotted to the very base. 

Descr. Pseudo-bulbs oblong, somewhat curved, com- 
pressed, scarcely striated, clothed with membranous sheaths, 
which are covered with small brown spots. Leaves oblong, 
acute, somewhat coriaceous, smooth, solitary at the apex 
of the younger bulbs. Peduncles, from the base of the 
bulbs, solitary, single-flowered, shorter than the leaves. 
Flowers drooping, large, handsome. Sepals spreading, 
horizontal, narrow -lanceolate, spirally twisted, yellow- 
green, blotched with dingy purple ; two and a half to three 
inches long. Lip equalling the sepals in length, yellowish- 
white, within spotted with rose-colour, and blotched with 
yellow, the lower half convolute about the column, the rest 
spreading, three-lobed; lobes broad, obtuse, the middle 
lobe the largest, and itself two-lobed. Column nearly cy- 
lindrical, green, broader upwards, and bearing a beautiful 
white, fimbriated crest at the back of the anther. Pollen- 
masses two, pyriform, on a long caudicle, which has an 
ovate gland at its base. 



Fig. 1. Column. 2. Pollen-masses '.—magnified. 







Puk iv £ r ic rfjs Si 



( 3740 ) 

Ceropegia vinc^efolia. Periwinkle- 
leaved Ceropegia. 

.•■S / . A\ -~-l'. - v I / . .Si'. St-% .Si'. .St', rt- .Si'. .Sfc A't .SI't .SK .Si'- .SK . v V- ,-¥- .Si 7 - -St'- -St'- -St*- .Si'- 
vjS MS "/f> MS MS MS MS MS VIS -IS MS MS MS MS MS MS MS M> MS M> MS MP MS 

CZass and Order. 
Pentandria Digynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Asclepiade^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Corona staminea exterior abbreviata, 5-Ioba ; interior 5- 
phylla, foliolis ligularibus indivisis. Massce pollinis basi 
affixae, marginibus simplicibus. Stigma muticum. Folliculi 
cylindracei laeves. Semina comosa. Br. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Ceropegia vinccefolia ; volubilis pubescens, foliis late ova- 
tis acuminatis brevi-petiolatis, pedunculis patenti-hir- 
sutis 4 — 6-floris, corollae tubo brevi inflato-globoso 
superne dilatato, limbi segmentis oblongis erecto-con- 
niventibus intus hirsutis, lobis coronae stamineae exteri- 
oris brevi bus emarginatis, interioris linearibus erectis 
apice recurvis subemarginatis. 



Received from Bombay at the Glasgow Botanic Garden, 
by favor of J. Nimmo, Esq. It is an extremely handsome 
plant, with large and copious flowers, which are produced 
in the stove in the month of September. I do not find any 
described species that corresponds with it. 

Descr. Stem very long, the thickness of a crow-quill, 
twining, slightly downy, branched. Leaves opposite, ovate, 
generally broadly so, acuminate, slightly downy above and 
below, ciliated at the margin : petioles rather short and 
thick. Peduncles an inch or more long, clothed with pa- 
tent hairs, bearing a cyme of from four to six flowers. 
Calyx-segments and bracteas subulate. Corolla greenish- 
white, variously sheathed and spotted with brown, the upper 

part 



part of the segments of the limb deep brownish-purple : 
the tube inflated and globose below, dilated above : the 
limb of five erecto-connivent, oblong segments, internally 
hairy, the margins reflexed. Column varied with tawny 
and deep chocolate-brown, outer series or ray of five short, 
erecto-patent, emarginate, fleshy lobes, tipped with long 
hairs : inner of five erect, linear, compressed segments, the 
apex recurved and obscurely emarginate. 



Fig. 1. Column: — magnified. 



Jj741 







( 3741 ) 

Bauhinia forficata. Forcipated 
Bauhinia. 

*****»«***»»***•&** 

Class and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Leguminosze. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala 5 irregulariter concreta in calycem 5-fidum aut 
lateraliter fissum membranaceum. Petala 5 patula oblon- 
ga subinaequalia, superiore a caeteris saepe distante. Sta- 
mina 10, nunc 9 sterilia monadelpha,, decimo libero antheri- 
fero, nunc ima basi submonadelpha omnia aut 5 ant 3 fer- 
tilia. Ovarium pedicellatum longum. Legumen 1-loculare 
2-valve polyspermum. Semina compressa ovalia, endo- 
pleura tumida. Embryo rectus, radicula ovata, cotyledo- 
nibus planis. — Frutices. Folia biloba, nempe constantia 
foliolis 2 apici petioli sitis 2—5 nerviis, nunc omnino liberis, 
nunc omnino concretis seepius plus minus margine interiori 
nerviformi connatis, in sinu aristatis. Flores racemosi. 
DC. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Bauhinia * forficata; ramis flexuosis aculeatis, foliis glabris 
basi cordatis, foliolis ad tertiam partem coalitis acumi- 
natis porrectis 3— 5-nerviis, petalis patentibus (albis) 
lanceolatis costatis, staininibus 10 ascendentibus lon- 
gitudine petalorum. 

Bauhinia forHcata. Link, Enum. Plant, llort. Berol. I. p. 
404. Link et Otto 3 Hort. Berol. t. 36. p. 79. De Cand. 

Prodr. 2. p. 514. 

A 



* So named after the two brothers, John and Gaspar Bauhin, distin- 
guished Botanists of the sixteenth century, whose united labours are com- 
memorated in the twin leaves of this remarkable Genus. 

VOL. XIII. G 



A fine plant of this species of Bauhinia, with its long, 
pendent branches, has long been cultivated in the stove of 
the Glasgow Botanic Garden, but it has only lately, in July, 
1837, for the first time, produced its large, showy, white 
flowers. It is a native of Brazil, and it appears to have 
been introduced into Europe by the Prince de Neuwied, 
who sent seeds to the Royal Garden of Berlin. 

Descr. Stems long and straggling ; the branches pen- 
dent. Spines in pairs at the base of the petioles, scarcely 
two lines long, subulate. Leaves on rather long, slender 
footstalks, more or less cordate at the base, broadly ovate, 
consisting of two semiovate leaflets united for about one- 
third of their length at the base, three to five-nerved, acu- 
minated, the points standing forward, and quite entire. Pe- 
duncles very short, axillary, one to three-flowered. Calyx 
of five long, linear-lanceolate, pale green, more or less com- 
bined, deciduous sepals. Corolla of five white, spreading, 
lanceolate petals, about three inches long, obtuse, costate, 
and with a few obscure oblique veins, somewhat unguicu- 
late. Stamens about equal in length with the corolla, 
ascending, the lower ones the longest. Filaments white, 
combined at the base. Anthers linear, yellow. Style rather 
shorter than the stamens ; stigma thickened. 



3742 




F"i> by S 'Curtj-s Glax&uvoa? - 



( 3742 ) 

Cattleya citrina. Yellow-flowered 
Cattleya. 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Old. ORCHIDEiE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala membranacea vel carnosa, patentia, aequalia. Pe- 
tala ssepius majora. Labellum cucullatum, columnam in- 
volvens, trilobum vel indivisum. Columna clavata, elon- 
gata, semiteres, marginata, cum labello articulata. Anthera 
carnosa, 4-locularis, septorum marginibus membranaceis. 
Pollinia 4, caudiculis totidem replicatis. — Herbac epiphyta 
(Americana) pseudo-bulbosce. Folia solitaria vel bina cori- 
acea. Flores terminales speciosissimi, scepe e spalha magna 
erumpentes. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Cattleya citrina ; bulbis ovatis diphyllis, foliis ligulato- 
lanceolatis acutis enerviis glaucis, pedunculo unifloro, 
perianthio carnoso erecto, sepalis oblongo-ellipticis, 
petalis elliptico-obovatis, labello perianthium paulo 
columna plusquam duplo superante trilobo linea media 
lata elevata, lobo medio ovato acuto undulato. 

Cattleya citrina. Lindl. Gen. et. Sp. Orchid, p. 117. 

Sobralia citrina. Have, Nov. Veg. Descr. 2. 21. 

" Corticoatzoate coxochiti ! Hernand. Mex. \.p. 240." 



Plants of this very fine and singular Cattleya were sent 
by Robert Smith, Esq., of Oaxaca, Mexico, in 1838, to the 
noble collection at Woburn Abbey, where they blossomed 
in April, 1839. The bulbs and foliage are remarkable for 
their very glaucous, or sea-green hue ; and the fine flower, 
when seen in such a manner that the labellum is not brought 

into 



into view, has, at first sight, so very much the appearance, 
not only in regard to form, but to size and colour, of the 
wild tulip of our country, (Tulipa sylvestris,) that we were 
for a moment deceived by it. These flowers are scentless. 
The plant is of easy growth, and is undoubtedly a most 
valuable addition to our ornamental stove plants. It does 
not appear to have been hitherto known to European Botan- 
ists either in a living or dried state: but in Mexico its 
beauty seems to have attracted the attention of the natives, 
and it has, according to Hernandez, received a vernacular 
name, which it would be difficult for us to pronounce. 

Descr. Pseudo-bulbs small, clustered, scarcely so big as 
a pigeon's e^, clothed with a pale scariose membrane, 
bearing two leaves at the summit, five to six inches long, 
between strap-shaped and lanceolate, acute, somewhat cori- 
aceous, very glaucous. Peduncle short, bracteated, from 
between the two leaves, single-flowered. Germen long, 
pedunculiform, thickened upwards, curved downwards. 
Flower large, handsome, except the lip of a uniform full 
yellow tint. Petals and sepals erect, or very slightly ex- 
panded, thick and fleshy, oblong- elliptical, the former 
somewhat broader, especially upwards. Lip a little longer 
than the rest of the flower, large, three-lobed, the side- 
lobes involute, and indistinctly waved; the intermediate 
one spreading, ovate, acute, waved, orange-coloured, the 
rest of the lip yellow : a broad slightly-elevated line runs 
through the centre of the lip, of the same deep color as the 
middle lobe. Column not half the length of the lip, con- 
cave in front, somewhat winged upwards, at the apex three- 
toothed. Anther sunk in a cavity above the stigma, four- 
celled. Pollen-masses four, stipitate. 



Fig. 1. Lip. 2. Column. 3. Pollen-masses: — more or less magnified. 



745 




( 3743 ) 
Clethra tomentosa. Downy Clethra. 

********************* 

Class and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Ericine^:. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 5-fidus. Petala 5. Stigmata 3. Capsula 3-locu- 
laris, placentis liberis in quovis loculo. Spreng. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Clethra tomentosa ; foliis cuneato-obovatis acutis superne 

serratis subtus albo-tomentosis, racemis simplicibus 

bracteatis pubescenti-tomentosis. 
Clethra tomentosa. Lam. Encycl. 2. p. 46. Pursh, Fl. 

Am. v.l.p. 301. Elliott, Carol, v. I. p. 502. Spreng. 

Syst. Veget. v. 2. p. 315. 
Clethra alnifolia, var. tomentosa. Mich. Am. v. \.p. *JoO. 



Whether or not this be a species really distinct from the 
Clethra alnifolia may admit of a doubt : but it is quite 
certain that it is the C. tomentosa of American authors, 
which they seem universally to consider a genuine species. 
Yet to me they appear only to differ in the a most entire 
absence of down on the C. alnifolia, whilst the kind before 
us has the leaves, young branches, under-side of the leaves, 
peduncles, pedicels, and calyx clothed with hoary down 
C. alnifolia inhabits the middle and northern States of 
America, while our plant is confined to the southern, and 
was sent to the gardens of this country by the late Mr. 
Drummond, from New Orleans. It forms with us a small 
handsome shrub, bearing copious racemes ot tragrant, white 
flowers in the latter end of the summer. 

Descr A low shrub, with straggling branches, slightly 
tinned with rod, and clothed with short, white, fasciculated 

tomentum, 



tomentum, especially on the younger shoots. Leaves upon 
very short footstalks, two to three inches long, obovato- 
cuneate, acute, serrated towards the extremity, glabrous 
dark green and even shining above, beneath hoary with 
down. Racemes axillary and terminal, long, handsome, 
nearly erect. Pedicels simple, about as long as the linear' 
acute downy bracteas. Calyx pale yellow-green, cup- 
shaped, five-cleft; segments erect, acute. Petals five, obo- 
vate, unguiculate, concave, white, erecto-patent. Filaments 
ten white, erect, much longer than the corolla. Anthers 
torked upwards, opening by two pores, tapering at the 
lower extremity into a sharp spur. Germen globose, green 
tiairy. tyle shorter than the stamens. Stigma three cleft' 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Stamen. 3. Pistil -.—magnified. 



( 3744 ) 

Gesnera Marchii. Mr. March's Gesnera. 

v 

*********************** 

Class and Order. 

DlDYNAMIA GYMNOSPERMIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Gesnerie^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 5-partitus (plerumque germini adnatus). Corolla 
tubuloso-eampanulata, limbo bilabiato; labio superiore bi- 
inferiore trifido. Stigma bilobum. Capsula bilocularis, 
2-valvis, placentis parietalibus. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Gesnera Marchii; molliter pubescenti-tomentosa, foliis 
tern is petiolatis ovatis crenatis, verticillis numerosis 
terminalibus subaphyllis, pedicellis flore longioribus, 
corollae subcylindraceae vix curvatae basi superne insig- 
niter gibbosse limbo subaequali quinquelobo, stylo 
staminibusque corollam subaequantibus, glandulis hy- 
pogynis 5, 2 superioribus in unicam magnam unitis. 

Gesnera Marchii. Wailes, MSS. 



This handsome and very distinct Gesnera is named, 
as my valued friend, Mr. Wailes of Newcastle, informs 
me in his letter, " in remembrance of an old school- 
fellow, George March, Esq., to whom I am indebted for 
the plant, which was collected on his estate in the Organ 
Mountains of Brazil, and whose kindness * to the various 
Botanical Collectors in that distant country, entitles him to 

the 



* It will be seen in Mr. Gardner's interesting " Account of a journey to, 
and a residence of six months in the Organ Mountains, with remarks on their 
vegetation," that it was at that gentleman's (Mr. March's) facienda there, 
that Mr. Gardner took up his residence, and from whence he made his 
excursions that proved so productive of new and rare plants. 



the compliment. 3 ' This Gesnera was at the same time 
accompanied by a great number of Epiphytes, and above 
thirty bulbs of Amaryllide^:, which Mr. Wailes cultivates 
with many other rarities in his well-kept garden near 
Newcastle ; the flowering season is October. 

Descr. " The root is a large roundish., depressed, uneven 
tuber, measuring more than three feet in circumference, and 
about an inch and a half thick. The stems are herbace- 
ous, numerous, erect, about two feet and a half high : the 
branches short, not bearing flowers : they and the leaves 
are ternate." The latter (except the upper ones, which 
suddenly pass into bracteas) are petiolate ; all of them 
ovate, rather obtuse, crenate, thickly downy, velvety above 
and dark green, pale beneath. Pedicels about an inch and 
three-quarters long, slender, simple, villous. Calyx short, 
cut into five ovate, hairy segments. Corolla downy, rich 
scarlet, shorter than the pedicels, forming a nearly straight 
cylindrical tube, the limb a little spreading, of five, very 
obtuse, nearly equal lobes, the base dilated, very gibbous 
above. Style and Stamens about equal in length to the 
corolla. Germen with five yellow, hypogynous glands, the 
three lower small, the two upper combined into one large 
gland. 



Fig. 1. Pistil with hypogynous Glands -.-^magnified. 



74o 




bu S. Curtis da.icruv~ 



( 3745 ) 

Epimedium Musschianum. White- 
flowered Barren-wort. 

i 

-^1 r"V- 1*^- A', A/. .•&• &. A. iV. A*. « S K A'. A'. Af' •*'• A'. iV. A'. A / . &. A*. A". 

/?? 'IS MS MS MS MS MS M> MS MS MS MS M> MS 'K MS MS MS MS MS MS MS 

CZass «wd Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Berberide^. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala 4 extus basi bibracteolata. Petala 4 intus appen- 
dice discolore aucta. Capsula siliculaeformis multisperma. 
Semina oblique transversim sita, unilateralia. — Herbae pe- 
rennes, foliis radicalibus petiolatis multisectis } foliolis serrato- 
aristatis. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Epimedium Musschianum ; foliis ternatis, floribus squalide 
albidis, petalis calycem superantibus, stylo filifonni 
subcentrali, stimulate sublobato. 

Epimedium Musschianum ; Morren et Decaisne, Ann. Sc. 
Nat. 2 Ser. Tom. 2. p. 353. 



We received this plant at the Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, 
from Mr. Young, of Epsom, in 1838. It flowered for the. 
first time in the green-house, in March, 1839 ; but will, 
without doubt, bear cultivation in the open border. It is 
one of the many acquisitions from the Flora of Japan, which 
European botanists owe to M. Von Siebold. 

Descr. Petioles suberect, trifid, swollen at the point of 
subdivision, as well as the branches round; barren ones (in 
the specimen described) glabrous and naked at the base, 
their subdivisions monophylious, half as long as the petiole; 
leaflets cordate, glabrous, seven-nerved, bright green above, 
subglaucous below; flower -bearing ones twice as long as the 
others, sheathed at the base by several equitant, inflated, 
glabrous, coloured, three-nerved stipules, loosely clothed 

with 



with spreading tomentum, most abundant at its subdivision, 
and at the origin of the panicle ; branches unequal, the 
central the longest, but less than half as long as the petiole, 
three-foliolate ; leaflets very hairy on the lower side, at least 
when young. Peduncle (two and a half inches long) arising 
from the petiole (about an inch) below its subdivision, ra- 
ther less hairy than the petiole or its branches, suberect, 
bearing the pedicels, which are subglabrous, secund, and 
often bipartite near its apex. Bractece small, subulate, ad- 
pressed, solitary below the origin of the pedicels and their 
subdivisions, and six imbricated, adpressed upon the sides 
of the calyx, sprinkled with red spots, deciduous. Flowers 
white, drooping, the upper expanding before the lower. 
Calyx spreading or subreflexed, sepals rhomboideo-lanceo- 
late, marked obscurely on the back by several parallel 
colourless ribs. Petals erect, blunt, involute in the edge, 
together forming a short cylinder in the centre of the flower, 
each having a short, spreading, subulate, compressed apex 
reaching to about the middle of the sepal. Stamens yellow, 
erect, half as long as the petals ; filaments very short ; an- 
thers elongated, subulate, two-lobed, opening by lateral 
valves rolling up from the base ; connective pointed. Pistil 
scarcely longer than the stamens ; germen oblong ; style 
lateral, about as long as the germen, green ; stigma cupped , 
fringed. Graham. 



?746 



m 




( 3746 ) 

Heterotropa asaroides. Asarabacca- 
like Heterotropa. 

Class and Order. 

DODECANDRIA MoNOGYNIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — AristolochiEjE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium ventricosum coloratum trilobatum, fauce 
plicata introflexa, introrsum reticulato-venosum, venis ver- 
ticalibus prominentibus. Stamina 12 : 6 extenora stigma- 
tibus opposite filamentis triangulares adnatis ; anthera? 
basi fixae subintrorsae : 6 alterna sessilia; antherae evidenter 
extrorsas. Styli 6 concreti, stellatim expansi singulis ob- 
cordatis, parte inferiore stigmatifera. Stigmata ovato-atten- 
uata papillosa. Ovarium 6-loculare, liberum.— Herba 
perennis habitus Asari. Folia Una, profunde cordata obtusa 
albo-maculata (illorum Cyclaminis referentia). Flores 1— 
2 breviter pedicellati, basi folio abortivo bracteati, penantnu 
sinubus fauce albis. — Morr. 

Specific Name and Synonyms. 

Heterotropa * asaroides. 

Heterotropa asaroides. Morr. et Decaisn. Fl. Jap. in Ann. 

Sc. Nat. 2nd Ser. v. 2. p. 31 J. t 1U. 
Asarum Virginicum. Thunb. Fl. Jap. p. 190. 



This very remarkable and rare plant was brought to 
Europe by M. von Siebold from Japan, and *^g"rg 
Botanic Garden is indebted for the specimen here figured 
to Mr. Young, of the Epsom Nursery. It blossoms m the 
Greenhouse towards ttufend of February, and riU ^ curious 
Bowers continue for many days in great perfection. No 



* So called by Messrs. Mobeen and Decaisne, from fef* alter and 
T£«?r<ff, verto, ob stamina diverse sita. 



one can question its close affinity with Asarum. It is 
separated from that Genus by the authors just mentioned,, 
chiefly on account of the arrangement of its stamens, and 
structure of the anthers, and also because of the nearly 
superior position of the ovary. 

Descr. Stem very short. Leaves two, petiolate ; petiole 
(three and a half inches long) coloured, glabrous, deeply 
channelled above, round below; lamina deeply cordate, 
blunt, slightly waved and reflected at the edges, from the 
blunt auricles to the apex longer than the petiole, dull- 
green, and irregularly blotched with lighter-coloured spots 
on the upper surface, where also it is slightly pubescent, 
especially towards the edges, glabrous, shining, and having 
purple veins and blotches below. Bractea solitary, large, 
embracing the base of the flower on its upper side, cucul- 
late, adpressed, ovate, keeled on its outside toward the 
apex, coloured and ciliated, but otherwise sub-glabrous 
and shining. Flower perfumed somewhat like a ripe apple, 
sessile, as large as a walnut, cartilaginous ; tube spheroid, 
glabrous on the outside, of a dull-purple colour, blotched 
with gray ; limb of darker purple, three-partite, reflected, 
segments large, rounded, undulate, above transversely 
wrinkled, hairy, becoming glabrous towards the throat, 
where the wrinkles are drawn up into thin edges of brighter 
purple, waved, and the outer ones crested with white; 
throat half closed by a transverse plate of the same struc- 
ture, having a triangular opening in the middle ; inner sur- 
face ribbed, with honeycomb reticulations between the ribs. 
Sta?nens twelve ; filaments coloured, very short, reduced 
almost to a lanceolate connective, projecting beyond the 
anther, which consists of two distinct cells, placed on the 
outside and bursting along their outer face ; pollen white, 
granules minute, sphaerical. Stigma sessile, petaloid, deep 
purple, six-lobed; lobes obovate, spreading, covering the 
anthers, nearly flat above, keeled below, and above each of 
these prominent angles is placed an erect, ovate, acuminate, 
stigmatic surface, with a cucullate space between. Germen 
hal -inferior, six-locular, the cells being placed immediately 
under the stigmatic surfaces, the dissepiment of course un- 
der the cucullate spaces. Ovules about ten, in two rows in 
each loculament, projecting horizontally from central pla- 
centae. Graham. r 



r S g i' , Ve r C L S ^ ctl0n of a Flower : ~ naL * ize - 2 - Portion of the inside 
of the lube of the Perianth. 3. Pistil cut through vertically, showing also 
the insertion of the Stamens. 4. Two of the Stamens -.-magnified. 



3747 










( 3747 ) 

Coryanthes maculata ; var. Parkeri. Spot- 
ted-lipped Coryanthes ; Mr. Parker's var. 

********************** 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^;. ) 
Generic Character. 

Perianthium patentissimum. Sepala dilatata, flexuosa, 
conduplicata : lateralibus maximis, basi distinctis. Petala 
multo minora erecta. Labellum unguiculatum, maximum, 
galeatum, cum basi columnar continuum, nullo modo arti- 
culatum, tridentatum, in medio unguis appendice poculi- 
formi circumdatum. Columna teres, basi bicornis, elongata, 
apice recurva, bialata. Stigma rima transversa. Anthcra 
bilocularis. Pollinia 2, compressa, postice sulcata, caudi- 
cula lineari arcuata, glandula lunata apicibus approximato- 
recurvis. — Herbae epiphytce, pseudo-bulbosce. Folia striata. 
Racemi penduli. F lores maximi. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Coryanthes maculata ; bulbo elongato, foliis lato-lanceo- 
latis, racemis multinoris nutantibus, labello intus pur- 
pureo-maculato. 

Coryanthes maculata. Hook. Bot. Mag. t. 3102. Lindl. 
Gen. et Sp. Orchid, p. 159, et in Bot. Reg. t. 1793. 

(15.) appendice purpureo-fusco. (Tab. nostr. 3756. j 



My excellent friend, C. S. Parker, Esq., kindly sent me 
the beautiful specimen here figured, which he imported 
from Demerara, hoping that it might prove a species 
distinct from that figured at t. 3102 of this work. The 
marking of the flower is indeed very different : but not 
more so than Dr. Lindley's figure of the same species ; nor 
than we find to exist in many other genera of Orchide^:. 

The 

VOL. XIII. H 



The cup-shaped appendage to the labellum is here much 
larger than we have ever seen it before : its colour is a 
dingy brown-purple, which tint extends a good deal over 
the lip itself, which has, moreover, smaller and more indis- 
tinct spots than is common to the species. 



Fie. 1. Column, Lip, and Appendage, nat. size. 2. Column. 3. Upper, 
and 4, underside of an Anther-case. 5. Pollen-masses : magnified. 



Mr. Herbert has requested us to add the following re- 
marks to his account of Cyphonema Loddigesianum. (See 
No. 3710, p. 3. of text.) 

Scapus autumnalis. Folium vernum, unicum, utrinque 
attenuatum, subpedale, ultra \ unc. latum, viride, basi et 
margine ortu rubrum, subinde virescentius. Patria Africa 
meridionalis.— The rise of the leaf of this plant has shown 
its identity with another bulb, received from the Cape of 
Good Hope by Messrs. Loddiges. The supposition that 
they were mistaken, is, therefore, clearly confirmed. There 
are many bulbs of this plant in their nursery ; but no in- 
stance of their producing more than one leaf. W. H. 






'748 




tis Glatawoott Essex Sep*' Z 2839 



( 3748 ) 

Oxalis Barrelieri. Barrelier's Shrubby 
Wood-Sorrel. 

********************* 

Class and Order. 
Decandria Pentagynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Oxalide^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 5-sepalus, sepalis liberis aut basi coalitis. Petala 
5. Stamina 10, filamentis basi breviter monadelphis 5 ext. 
aiternis brevioribus. Styli 5 apice penicilliformes aut capi- 
tati. Capsula pentagona, oblonga aut cylindracca. — Herbs 
perennes, caulescentes, stipitatce, aut acauks,foliis variis sed 
nunquam abrupte pinnatis. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Oxalis Barrelieri; suffruticosa erecta ramosa, foliis trifoli- 
olatis glabris, foliolis rhombeo-ovatis lateralibus brevi- 
intermedio longe-petiolatis acutis, pedunculis axillari- 
bus solitariis longitudine foliorum apice bifidis plu- 
rifloris, ealycibus glanduloso -pilosis, sty lis stamina 
superantibus. 

Oxalis Barrelieri. Jacq. Ox. n. 4. t. 3. De Cand. Prodr. 
v.l.p. 690. Barrel. Jc. t. 1169. 



Those who have been only in the habit of seeing the 
annual and herbaceous species of Wood-Sorrel of our own 
country with their uniformly obcordate leaflets, can form 
but a very imperfect idea of the striking variety presented 
by the numerous species of this Genus inhabiting the 
Southern hemisphere; some with no leaves, but with leaf- 
like petioles, as in O. bupleurifolia ; some with simple 
leaves, or unifoliate; some with their leaves peltate, and 
three to fifteen-foliolate; some with cuneate leaflets cut at 
the extremity in a crescent -shaped manner; some with 

chrystalline 



chrystalline points on their foliage like those of Mesembry- 
anthemum chrystallinum ; and,, lastly, some with shrubby 
stems, of which, the species here represented is one ex- 
ample. This came to the Glasgow Botanic Garden from 
Messrs. Booth of Hamburgh, as a native of Brazil, under 
the name we have here adopted, although it differs in some 
slight points from the original plant so called by Jacquin ; 
chiefly, however, in the relative length of the stamens and 
styles, and in the colour of the flower, here yellow, there, 
according to Jacquin, rf albo-incarnatus." It is, however^ 
unquestionably, the O. polymorpha of Zuccarini, of which 
I possess an authentic specimen from the Berlin Herbarium, 
and judging from various samples I have received from 
Brazil, the plant varies much in the size and breadth of its 
foliage. It requires the heat of the stove, and flowers with 
us in March and April. 

Descr. Stem eight or ten inches to a foot high, woody 
below, and there as thick as a writing-pen, clothed with 
brown, glabrous bark : the young shoots herbaceous, and 
slightly downy. Leaves spreading ; leaflets three, droop- 
ing, rhombeo-ovate, glabrous, the lateral ones smaller and 
on short petioles, the terminal one on a long petiole •— 
petioles and peduncles slightly downy. Peduncles solitary, 
axillary from the upper leaves, about as long as the leaves, 
erect, bind at the extremity, each branch bearing several 
flowers ; there is a solitary one between them, which opens 
nrst; then one on each branch expands, so that I find on 
every peduncle either one flower or two only open at a 
time : pedicels short. Calyx of five erect, ovato-lanceolate, 
erect glandu oso-pilose, green sepals, without any glands. 
Petals five, obcordato-cuneate, united by their claws, yel- 
low, with two orange spots at the base of each lamina. 
Mamens ten, inonadelphous, five long and five short. Style 
longer than the stamens : Stigmas capitate 



re^d 1 :^^. 8 ^ 6113 "* %& * The SamC ' *"* the C ^ x 



( 3749 ) 

TOURRETTIA LAPPACEA. BUR-FRUITED 
TOURRETTIA. 

Class and Order. 

DlDYNAMIA ANGIOSPERMIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Bignoniace^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx bilabiatus. Corolla unilabiata. Labium superius 
eoncameratum. Stam. 4, quorum 2 breviora. Capsula 
turgida, 4-locularis. Semina pauca, imbricata, marginata. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Tourrettia lappacea. 

Tourrettia lappacea. fVilld. Sp. PL v. 3. p. 263. 

Dombeya lappacea. L'Herit. Stiip. p. 33. t. 17. 



This singular plant, a native of Peru., was there found by 
the celebrated Botanist and Traveller, Dombey, and consti- 
tuting, as it did, a new Genus, he named it in honour of a 
Botanist of Lyons, M. de la Tourrette, author of a 
** Chloris Lyonaise," and a Voyage au Mont Pilatus, and to 
whom J. J. Rousseau addressed several of his botanical let- 
ters. The present is the only known species of the Genus, 
and is remarkable for the very curious structure of its 
flowers, and for the bright vcrmillion-red of the calyx 
before the full expansion of the blossom, and which then 
becomes green. The corolla resembles that of a Pedicu- 
laris deprived of its lower lip. The germen is clothed 
with deflexed, red tubercles, and is succeeded by a pretty 
large membranous, inflated capsule, clothed with long but 
softish prickles, strongly hooked at the extremity. The 
plant was long ago introduced to the Paris Garden by 
Dombey, but appears to have been soon lost to Europe, till 
in 1837, John M'Lean, Esq., of Lima, sent it from that 

neighbourhood 



neighbourhood to the Glasgow Botanic Garden,, where, in 
the greenhouse, it flowers in the autumnal months, and 
continues blossoming till the gloomy days of winter hasten 
the destruction of the plant. 

Descr. The plant is annual, climbing and supporting 
itself by cirrhi, succulent and brittle, four to five feet high. 
Stem square. Branches opposite, axillary. Leaves oppo- 
site, horizontal, petiolate, ternately compounded. Leaflets 
petiolate, reflexed, ovate, acute, serrated, slightly hairy. 
Cirrhi occupying the place of a portion of the leaf, much 
branched. Spikes of Flowers terminal, but frequently hav- 
ing a branch rising from each side, erect, few-flowered, 
glanduloso-pilose. Calyx tubular, two-lipped: upper-lip 
lanceolate, lower one much larger, oblong, obscurely three- 
toothed, each of them has a projecting arch or tooth, which, 
ill the young state, quite encloses the flower-bud :— the 
colour is at first bright red, gradually becoming green. 
Corolla longer than the calyx, tubular, one-lipped : or the 
lower lip is only represented by a small tooth : the upper 
arched, compressed, dark purple, streaked, the tube green. 
Stamens four, inserted near the upper part of the tube, and 
concealed within the upper lip. Germen oblong, green 
clothed with reflexed, red tubercles, and inserted into a 
membranous, four-lobed cup. Style shorter than the co- 
rolla. Stigma tnfid. Fruit a capsule, nearly two inches 
long, ovato-lanceolate, membranous, bluntly four-anffled 
inflated clothed with long, spreading, hooked spine's of 
unequal lengths. The dissepiment is four-winged, so as to 
constitute tour cells (except at the summit), and the endo- 
carp separates from the sarcocarp at the angles, thus leaving 
spaces which resemble four other cells :— the four internal 
ones only bear a few broad, winged seeds at the inner angle 



Fig. 1 Flower and Bractea 2. Corolla. 3. Corolla laid open. 4. Pis- 
til. D. Uapsule, all more or less magnified. 



5760. 




( 3750 ) 

Platystemon leiocarpum. Smooth-fruited 
Platystemon. 

&, A A A A A A .^ ."fr, & & ate ."fr- S^- "fr- afc afc .^ afc r-fr- ^ -'fr- 
Vf>? MS MS 4>. vf> >f> MS -IS vf> MS MS <iS ^ >K Vr* -1- & 5f? VIS <?> >J» 4» 

C/ass a«d Order. 

POLYANDRIA PoLYGYNIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Papaverace^. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala 3, ovata, caduca, pilosa. Petala 6. Stamina nu- 
merosa. Filamenta dilatata, membranacea, obcordata. 
Antherce lineares, biloculares, lateraliter dehiscentes. Ova- 
ria plurima (10 et ultra) linearia, stigmate sessili lineari ter- 
minata. Capsulce totidem distinctae, torulosae, articulatae, 
transversim multiloculares, extus piloso-hispidae. Semina 
in quoque loculo solitaria pendula. Benth. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Platystemon leiocarpum; ovariis fructibusque glaberrimis. 
Platystemon leiocarpum. Fisch. et Meyer, hid. Sem. Hort. 
Petrop. p. 22. 



Seeds of this Platystemon were received by Dr. Fischer 
of the Imperial Petersburg Garden, from the Russian 
Colony of Ross in New California : and finding the ovaries 
and seed-vessels to be constantly glabrous, he distinguished 
it as a species from P. Californicum, figured at t. 3579, ot 
our work. The same author observes, as another point of 
distinction, that the flowers are ochroleucous ; whereas they 
are represented as yellow in the Botanical Register figure 
of P. Californicum. As cultivated in our garden, however, 
the colour of the inflorescence is alike in both species, and 
the hue is probably liable to vary, for in our living plants 
of P. Californicum we find the flowers quite as pale as in 
the individual now represented. Our plants of P. leiocarpum 
are from the Glasgow Botanic Garden, where they were 
raised in 1836 from seeds sent by Dr. Fischer. It flowered 
in August and September. 

Fig. I. Stamen. 2. PistU :— -magnified. 



3751 




VFit&L.dcl'- 



:Pui ♦ '--rutJocd- Ssskjf 



( 3751 ) 

Epimedium violaceum. Purple Barren- 
wort. 

********************** 

Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Berberide^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala 4 extus basi bibracteolata. Petala 4, intus appen- 
dice discolor aucta. Capsula siliculaeforrnis multisperma. 
Semina oblique transversim sita, unilateralia— Herbae pe- 
rennes,foliis radicalibus petiolatis multisectis,foliolis serrato- 
aristatis. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Epimedium violaceum; foliis subtriternatis, floribus viola- 
ceis, pedicellis subindivisis, petalorum calcaneus sepa- 
lum vix superantibus, stylo subclavato laterah. 

Epimedium violaceum. Morren et Decaisne, in Ann. Scienc. 
Nat. 2de Ser. Tom. 2. Botanique, p. 354. 



This, certainly the handsomest species of the Genus, was 
imported into Europe from Japan by M von Siebold and 
blossomed very freely in the open border under a hand- 
glass in Mr. Cunningham's Nursery, Comely Bank Edin- 
burgh, in the beginning of April, 1839, and continued long 

in flower. . , iL , , 

Descr. Barren petioles filiform, wiry, at length glabrous, 
trifid, smaller at the joint, subdivisions nearly as long as 
the petiole, swollen at their apices, spreading wide, each 
supporting one, less frequently three, cordate, subacummate 
leaves, at length glabrous on both sides, spmuloso-ciliate. 
Fertile petioles reddish-brown, nearly twice as long as the 
others, clothed with spreading hairs both above and below 



the origin of the peduncle, twice trifid, and each primary 
branch much longer than the space below to the origin of 
the peduncle, each ultimate division supporting three cor- 
date, acuminate leaflets, of which the lateral ones are 
oblique, the central equal, glabrous above, hairy below, 
three to five-nerved, reticulate. Peduncles of unequal 
length, solitary, arising (about an inch and a half) below 
the primary division of the petiole, and sometimes as long 
as the leaf, generally shorter, round, glabrous. Flowers 
violet-coloured, large and handsome, subtended by several 
unequal, deciduous bracteas, racemose on the upper half of 
the peduncle, cernuous; the lower pedicels occasionally 
subdivided, the others simple. Sepals four, ovato-lanceo- 
late, acute, spreading wide, undulate. Petals imbricated, 
rounded, erect, cucullate, inflected in the edge, each with 
a subulate ascending spur rather longer than the petal. 
Stamens erect, shorter than the limb of the petals ; filaments 
short, colourless ; anthers oblong, yellow, opening by valves 
rolling upwards rather on the outside, so as to leave a 
.mli e . ne n SU aCe o eX .* the P istil; Pollen-granules yellow, 
Wto^l g" , P f d c r f Xer lon S er than the stamens, but 
StT^T n G lln Ju ° f the Petals ' Germen Sreen, oblong ; 
cu^ntd nt Ih ^ the SG ?T n > sli S ht, y thickened upwards 
the PP edJ n ^h apeX ' an ^ beari ^ the'stigmatic surface on 
fe Acl£ e C i2* *»' * cached to a 



37 J2 







Pub t v samm cu 



( 3752 ) 

Oncidium? concolor. One-coloured 
Oncidium. 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Gynandria. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium explanatum. Sepala saepius undulata ; late- 
ralibus nunc sub labello connatis. Petala conformia. 
Labellum maximum, ecalearatum, cum columna continuum., 
varie lobatum, basi tuberculatum vel cristatum. Columna 
libera, semiteres, apice utrinque alata. Antliera semibilo- 
cularis, rostello nunc abbreviate, nunc elongate* rostrato. 
Pollinia 2, postice 1 sulcata ; caudicula, plana; glandula ob- 
longa. — Herbae epiphytes, nunc pseudo-bulbosce. Folia 
coriacea. Scapi paniculati vaginati, rarius simplices. 
Flores speciosi, lutei scepius maculati, raro albi. Lindl. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Oncidium concolor; bulbo ovato, foliis binis ligulato-lan- 
ceolatis, scapo radicali racemoso, sepalis lateralibus 
fere ad medium unitis, labello trilobo basi bilamel- 
lato lobo medio bifido. 



An extremely beautiful plant, an inhabitant of the Organ 
Mountains of Brazil, where it was found by Mr. Gardner 
in 1837, and whence it was sent by him to the Woburn 
collection. Of the Genus itself to which it should be 
referred I feel rather doubtful. In some respects, it agrees 
with Miltonia of Lindley (see Bot. Reg. sub t. 1992), but 
that should have an entire lip. cc The Genera Brassja, 
Miltonia, Cyrtochilum, Odontoglossum, and Oncidium are 
closely related," Dr. Lindley observes, ce and no doubt 
form the nucleus of a group of VandEjE, the limits of which 
remain to be ascertained." 

Descr. 



Descr. Bulb small, oval-oblong, compressed, slightly 
furrowed, with large brown, sheathing scales. Leaves two, 
from the summit of the bulb, between ligulate and lanceo- 
late, with a costa, but not distinctly nerved. Scape a foot 
or more high, arising from the base of the bulb, slender, 
bearing a raceme of large, handsome, bright lemon -coloured 
flowers. Upper sepal and the two petals obovate, the two 
lateral sepals combined for half their length underneath the 
labellum and smaller than the upper sepal. Lip twice the 
length of the perianth, narrow at the base, thin, broad, and 
three-lobed, the middle lobe bifid : at the base of the lip 
are two longitudinal lamellae. Column more than half the 
length of the petals, with two projecting wings above, 
tipped with orange. Anther hemispherical, acuminate. 
Pollen-masses with a long caudicula and a small gland at 
the base. 



„ &S, 1, Flmer > from which the Lip (fig. 2.) is removed. 3. Anther-case. 
4. rollen-masses :— magnified. 



. ?7J.). 




1J ub k) S-Curius Gtezeturood Aysexftn 



( 3753 ) 
Nelumbium luteum. Yellow NelumbiuiM. 

Class and Order. 

PoLYANDRIA PoLYGYNIA. 

( Nat Ord — Nymphs ACEiB. — NelumbiacejE. Lindl, Torr. 

et Gr. ) 

Generic Character. 

Carpella plurima, distincta, 1—2 sperma, monostyla, 
toro elevato obconico superne profunde foveolato immersa. 
Semina in quoque carpello solitaria exanllata exalbumi- 
nosa. De Cand. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Nelumbium* luteum; corolla polypetala, antheris ultra 
loculos in appendicem linearem produetis. D L . 

Nelumbium luteum. fVilld. Spec. PI. p. 1259. DeCaad. 
Syst. Veget. v. 1. p. 1 14. Torr. et Gray, Fl. N. Am. 

I. p. 56. 
Cyamus luteus. Nutt. Gen. 2. p. 5. 
Cyamus flavicomiis. Salisb. Ann. o/Bot. v. 2. p. 45. Pursh, 

Am. v. 2. p. 398. c p/ 

Nymph^a Nelurnbo. Walt. Carol, p. 155. Linn. Sp. PL 

p. 750 (var. |3.J. 



This noble flower, larger, says Nuttall, than that pro- 
duced by anv other plant in North America, except that of 



gardener, 



* From Ae/umio, the name of the Man species in Ceylon. 
VOL. XIII. l 



gardener, the plant produced its blossoms, as far as I know, 
for the first time, in a state of cultivation. Nor am I aware, 
that a figure exists in any Botanical work. Prom the repre- 
sentation which we are thus privileged to give, it will be at 
once seen how very closely this species is allied, both in its 
flower and fruit, to the classical Nelumbium speciosum of 
the East Indies : the chief, if not the only differences, being 
in the colour of the blossom and the appendage to the 
anthers. The present is, however, exclusively an inhabit- 
ant of the still waters of North America, where it is called 
Water Chmquepin, and it chiefly abounds in the southern 
and western States : extending, however, as far north as 
Philadelphia, Kentucky (Dr. Short), Connecticut, and 
Lake Ontario. There seems reason to think, therefore, 
that this splendid aquatic might come to perfection in favor- 
able situations in our own climate. The N. pentapetalum 
(VValt ), and the N. reniforme of American authors, are 
probably mere forms of the present species. 

Mr. Sylvester has obligingly communicated to me the 
following particulars respecting the blossoming of the 
rellow Nelumbium in his collection :— « Its flowering I 
believe to have been the consequence of an accidental cir- 
cumstance, which I shall mention. I had hitherto treated 

ike the Red or eastern species, from an impression that 
it was confined to the most southern and wannest portion 

rlt»Z \ A T r, ? ; the P° ts of both bei »S Plunged in a 
cistern o water, kept at a heat of about 85 & degrees, and as 

tJh lA'f CW * 7 Gry VI §' orousl y ^d appeared to be in 

shown\ r" 0t -7 miy ° ther situatio » T W had never 
shown any d.sposit.on to bloom until the present season, 

ortni'nl "° nsec l ue ' ,ce . of the gardener having left a smaller 
ciC S 5 a \T* 1 ,n - the flue which P a "ses under the 
mn, h^V ^l 1011 ; 8 entirely closed in the winter, the water 

al o'e ll "l ° U /i 7 ° -° r ?5 de « rees ^ and th e house was 
St i l mi \ ln P reviou « summers. Under these 

flowTl f r Sj Whl1 V h ? Red s P ecies thiew «P * number of 
tZ Tthrt 3 TVL™^ Came to matu "4 two out of 
nre r l, ri P * , 0t *fe Ydl ™-Mossomed sort flowered and 
bee Z T S i xT The h0use and ^e water have since 
cmmh e -' aml N ' T ci0Sum is »ow, though later in the 

manv of th mH,S T jl °° m l havc "° d o"ibt that, like 
K e aqU i tlC Plants ° f North America, Hydropeltis, 
darin* »ZTfi &C " Wh,ch S row ( a » d occasionally bloom 
the n| rt1 1!! 7 nne . M T "V er) in a 8nallow Pot in this garden, 
the Nelumbium will be found sufficiently hardy to bear our 

winters, 



winters, if the roots be plunged in water, deep enough to 
protect them from the frost, and raised near to the surface 
during summer. But I am not very sanguine in hoping 
that it will be brought to flower in the open air, or in 
water, warmed only by the sun, as those plants which are 
above the water, such as Pontederia cordata, Hibiscus 
palustris, &c, appear to require a greater degree of heat for 
this purpose than our summers afford. My experience, 
however, is confined to this county (Lancashire), where 
the climate is inferior to that of our eastern and southern 
counties." 

Descr. The root, according to Nuttall, " consists of 
tubers, resembling those of the Sweet Potato, connected by 
running fibres, and which are, when boiled, as farinaceous 
and agreeable as the Potato, and are employed for food by 
the Osage and other western Indians." The petioles (four 
feet long,) and peduncles are frequently slightly muricated, 
but as often smooth. Leaves large, a foot and a half, to 
two feet broad, peltate; a very small one only is here repre- 
sented. Flower, in its general structure, precisely the same 
as that of N. speciosum : the anthers, however, are tipped 
with a yellow, falcate appendage. Fruit (here taken from 
specimens gathered by Mr. Drummond in Louisiana,) con- 
sisting of a large, obconical receptacle, or torus, with 
numerous cells at the flattened top, in which the achenia, 
resembling small acorns, lie quite loose, and rattle when 
the entire fruit is shaken. 



Fig. 1. Stamen, magnified. 2. Fruit, nat. size. 



3754. 




( 3754 ) 

Angelonia Gardneri. Mh. Gardner's 
Angelonia. 

Class and Order. 

DlDYNAMIA ANGIOSPERMIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Scrophularin^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-fidus v. 5-partitus. Cor. tubo brevi, fauce forni- 
cata, lirnbi subbilabiati plani labio superiore obtustssimo 
bilobo, inferioris trilobi lobo medio basi saccato longtore 
rotundato. Antherce loculi divergentes. Capsula globosa, 
bivalvis, valvulis integris medio septiferis. Semina mem- 
brana laxa inclusa. — Herbse Austro- Americana, erectcc v. 
procumbentes. FoWnopposita v. superiora alterna. Pedun- 
culi unijlori, solitarii, axillares v. racemosi. Bcnth. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Angelonia* Gardneri; suffruticosa pubescenti-glandulosa, 
foliis lanceolatis acuminatis serratis floralihus basi lati- 
oribus bracteiformibus pedicellos superantibus. 



This beautiful species of Angelonia is No. 1086 of the 
Brazilian Collection of the indefatigable Mr. Gardner, by 
whom it was found in rather dry, open places in the pro- 
vince of Pernambuco. Seeds were sent to the Glasgow 
Botanic Garden in 1838, and the plants raised from them 
flowered in the stove in May, 1839. 

Descr. Stem erect, suftruticose, about three feet high, 
the branches, foliage, and peduncles clothed with copious, 

glandular 



* So called by Humboldt, from Angelon, the native name of one of the 
species. 



glandular, and viscid pubescence. Leaves opposite, lance- 
olate, sessile, acuminate, regularly serrated, nerved : those 
of the flowers much smaller and broadest at the base ; they 
might rather be considered bracteas. Flowers handsome, 
m long, terminal, leafy or bracteated racemes. Pedicels 
solitary m each bractea, and shorter than it. Calyx of five 
deep segments, the two lower ones deeper and larger than 
the rest, glanduloso-pilose. Corolla (as in the Genus) pur- 
ple, white in the centre, dotted with red. Stamens includ- 
ed : Anthers with the cells divaricated. Pistil pyramidal, 
hairy : Germen globose, green, tapering into a white style. 
stigma an acute point. 



Fig. 1. 2. Flowers. 3. Calyx. 4. Stamens. 5. Pistil '.-magnified. 



( 3755 ) 

Lepismium Myosurus. Mouse-tail Lepis- 
mium. 

********************* 

Class and Order. 

ICOSANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — CACTEiE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala ovario subnudo pyriformi adnata, in tubum bre- 
vissimum concreta : ext . 4—5 subimbricata ; int. 5—7 peta- 
liformia, lanceolata, acuta, recurvo-patula, alba v. rosea. 
Stamina filiformia, pluriserialia, externa longiora, petalorum 
basi adnata ; antheris minutis reniformibus. Stylus crassi- 
usculus, columnaris, staminibus intimis longior. Stigma 
4— 5-radiatum. Bacca subglobosa, lajvis, calyce marces- 
cente coronata. Semina in pulpa nidulantia. Cotyledones 
latae, acuminata?, foliaceae. Pfeiff. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Lepismium* Myosurus; diffuse -suberectum subarticulatum, 
articulis elongatis gracilibus 3— 4-gonis, margmibus 
acutis crenulatis purpureis, crenulis subremotis albo- 
pilosis, squarnula foliacea suffultis Pfeiff 

Lepismium Myosurus. Pfeiff. Enum^CacLl.UJ. 

Cereus tenuispinus. Haw. in Phil Mag. 18^7. 

Cereus Myosurus. Salm-Dyck in De Cand. Prodr. v. 3. p. 

469. 
Cactus tenuis. Schott. 



A native of Brazil, according to Dr. Pfeiffer It flow- 
ered in July of the present year, in the c ^ ll ^ o ° c n KL ^ 



• A«k, a scale : so named, I presume, from the Uttle scale at the arena- 
tures. 



T. Brocklehurst, Esq., of the Pence, near Macclesfield ; 
and was communicated by the intelligent gardener there, 
Mr. J. Appleby, with the following remark : — " The plant 
had been for some time in a greenhouse, and was thence 
removed to the Orchideous house. Iu conveying it thither, 
a portion of about half the length broke off, and as we had 
no room for more than one plant, the branch herewith sent 
was laid unintentionally upon some other large pots with 
plants in them, and in that situation it has, to our astonish- 
ment, thrown out abundance of flowers, while the parent 
stock still remains barren." It is indeed well known, with 
regard to the Cereus group, that bending or slightly injur- 
ing a branch favours the blossoming. 

Descr. Stems weak, several feet in length, much branch- 
ed, throwing out copious roots, jointed, the joints elongated, 
varying in length from three or four inches to a foot, and 
in width from half to three quarters of an inch, sharply 
three rarely four-angular, the angles compressed, often 
edged with brown or purple, and remotely crenate : a scale 
at the crenatures, and a long slender tuft of white hairs. 
Mowers rather small, from within the scale at each crena- 
ture; yellow tinged with red (rose-coloured, according to 
Ffeipper) .Stamens erect. Style as long as the stamens. 
btigma of three spreading, woolly rays 



Fig. 1. Flower -.—magnified. 





8 





( 3756 ) 

Aristolochia ciliata. Fringe-flowered 
Aristolochia. 

■.-£*. As. A. A / . A'. A 1 . A/. Af. A'. A'. A / . A'. A'. A'. . V I / . A / . A'. A', A'. A'. .A. 
vfc MS MS MS MS MS MS MS MS MS M> MS MS MS MS MS MS MS MS MS MS 

C/ass amZ Order. 
Gynandria Hexandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Aristolochie^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx corollinus, superus, basi ventricosus, limbo vario. 
Antherce biloeulares, stigrnatis lateribus insculptae. Cap- 
sula infera, 6-locularis, polysperma. Spr. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Aristolochia ciliata; caule erecto flexuoso subsimplici, 
foliis sublonge petiolatis, reniformi-cordatis obtusissi- 
mis subtus glaucis, pedunculo axillari solitario uniflo- 
ro, perianthii tubo curvato basi inflato, limbo unilate- 
rali subrotundo obtuso picto pilis longis succulentis 
apice glandulosis ciliato. 



A native of Buenos Ayres, according to Mr. Tweedie, to 
whom I am indebted for dried specimens, and who also 
sent seeds, which, under the judicious care of Mr. Moore, 
have, at the Glasnevin Botanic Garden, produced the flow- 
ering specimens here represented. The very singular struc- 
ture and colour of their flowers, with the long marginal 
fringe, render this species particularly worthy of cultiva- 
tion in the greenhouse, or in a favourable situation, it may 
be found able to bear the open air of our climate. 

Descr. Stem weak, yet not climbing, slender, zigzag, 
glaucous, apparently simple. Leaves on slender petioles, 
an inch and an inch and a half long, cordato-reniform, very 
obtuse, with a deep sinus at the base, glaucous beneath. 
Peduncles shorter than the petioles, single-flowered. Tube 
of the perianth green, much curved like a hunting horn, 

swollen 



swollen at the base, above expanding into a one-sided large 
(about an inch in diameter) cordato-rotundate limb, exter- 
nally greenish-brown, internally deep purple-brown, with 
yellow reticulations, the margin beset with long succulent 
hairs, each tipped with a gland. Germen clavate (young 
fruit pyriform). Style thick, fleshy, crowned with a stigma 
of six erect lobes. , Anthers linear, corresponding with the 
lobes of the stigma. 



Fig. 1. Portion of the Pistil with Stigma and Anthers -.—magnified. 



( 3757 ) 

Erysimum Perofskianum. Deep Orange- 
flowered Treacle-mustard. 

Class and Order. 
Tetradynamia Siliquosa. 

( Nat. Ord. — CruciferjE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Siliqua tetragona. Semina immarginata. Cotyledones 
incumbentes. Stigma capitatum, nunc emarginatum lobis 
patentibus. Cat. erectus. Br. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Erysimum Perofskianum ; annuum vel bienne setis bipar- 
titis scabrum, caule simplici, foliis lanceolatis remote 
denticulatis, pedicellis calyce duplo brevioribus, peta- 
lorum ungue calycem vix superante, siliquis setis 
bipartitis scabris stylo teretiusculo pedicelloque quin- 
tuplo longioribus. 

Erysimum Perofskianum. Fischer et Mey. Ind. quartus 
Semin. Hort. Petropolit. Ann. 1837. 



Seeds of this very pretty plant, which belongs to De 
Candolle's second Section, " Cuspidaria," were received at 
the Royal Botanic Garden*, Edinburgh, in May, 1838, 

from 



* It is much to be regretted, that more of the history of this ornamental 
plant is not known to us. Since Dr. Graham's communication arrived, I 
have received fine specimens of the same plant through the kindness of Lady 
Mary Cathcart, of Cathcart, who received the seeds direct from Caboul, 
but accompanied by the information, that the plant was a native of Persia. 
This lady remarks, that the plants grow slowly and languidly in pots; but 
the moment they are transferred to the open border, free from all restraint, 
they become as vigorous as the common Wall-flower, and put up many 
flower-heads in succession. Ed. 



from Dr. Fischer, as a native of Caboul, and the plants 
raised that season, flowered in a cold frame in May, 1839, 
and will probably ripen seed. 

Descr. Stem ascending, weak, angled, simple. Leaves 
of nearly uniform green on both sides, scattered, lanceolate, 
remotely denticulate, attenuated at the base, recurved at the 
apex, with bipartite adpressed hairs ; middle rib prominent 
behind, two to four lateral, obscure nerves. Spike race- 
mose, terminal, many-flowered ; pedicels spreading. Calyx 
pale greenish-yellow, erect, deciduous; sepals unequally 
bulging, and distant at the base, keeled at the apex, espe- 
cially the two which are longer and narrower. Corolla of 
uniform orange colour ; lamina of the petals suborbicular, 
spreading at right angles, at first slightly concave, after- 
wards reflected, shorter than the slender, wedge-shaped 
claws, which are scarcely longer than the sepals. Stamens 
distinctly tetradynamous, the shorter equal to the claws of 
the petals. Hypogynous-glands dark green, indented by 
the claws of the petals, secreting much honey. Pistil 
longer than the stamens; germen spreading, four-sided, 
slightly pubescent, having many ovules in one row ; style 
less than half the length of the germen ; stigma capitate, 
clett across the vertex. Siliqua compressed, four-sided, 
rough with bipartite adpressed hairs, crowned with the 
persistent style, which is nearly as long as the pedicel, and 
trom tour to six times shorter than the siliqua. Graham. 



Fig. 1. Petal. 2. Stamens and Pistil. 3. Pistil -.—magnified. 



> i ; 8 




( 3758 ) 

BlJRRIELIA GRACILIS. SLENDER BlJRRIELIA. 

******************** 
Class and Order. 

Syngenesia Superflua. 

( Nat. Ord. — Composit^-Senecionide2e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Capitulum multiflorum heterogamum, fl. radii ligulatis 
foemineis obovatis, disci plurimis tubulosis 5-fidis hermaph- 
roditis aut interdum abortu sterilibus. Inyolucri patenti- 
campanulati squamce ovales acuminata? disco paulo lon- 
giores uni-aut biseriales subalternae aequales. Recept. 
epaleaceum. Cor. disci lobis extus tenue barbellatis. Sty It 
disci rami cono brevi terminati. Achcenia gracilia lineari- 
subtetragona, radii fere obcompressa pappo longe bi- seu 
triaristato, disci pappo 3— 4-phyllo, paleis lanceolato-ans- 
tatis corollam longitudine subaequantibus. De Cand. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Burrielia* gracilis; ligulis et involucris (8) -10— 12. 

D C 

Burrielia gracilis. De Cand. Prodr. v. 5. p. 664. Hook. 
et Am. Bot. of Beech. Voy. p. 354. 



A Genus of which the present and two other species 
were discovered in California by Mr. Douglas nearly 
allied to Lasthenia, but readily distinguished by the differ- 
ent structure of the involucre : and, indeed, the present 
species is often cultivated in our gardens under the name of 
Lasthenia California. It is a hardy annual, flowering m 



* So named by De Candolle, in honour of John Mark Buheiel, 
who published, in 1758, the journey of Venegas into California, a coun- 
try of which all the species of this Genus are natives. 



the summer months, and recommending itself by its copi- 
ous lively yellow blossoms. 

Descr. Root fibrous, annual. Stem weak, more or less 
procumbent, very much branched, with the branches oppo- 
site, slender, hairy, from the axil of almost every leaf. 
Leaves opposite, connate, linear-lanceolate, tapering en- 
tire, hairy, especially above, and ciliated. Flowers solitary 
upon rather long slender, terminal peduncles. Involucre 
ot several, lanceolate, downy, equal leaves, in a double 
series Florets all yellow : those of the circumference 
ligulate, the limb oval, two to three toothed ; the tube 
narrow elongated, glandular, greenish. Germen oblon- 
a little broader upwards, compressed, glandular. Pappus 
sometimes wanting, sometimes present ; in the latter case 

sffi' i ?h g i SCaleS u Wh,ch P ersist tiH the f ™t is ripe 
Style a little longer than the tube : branches of the stigma 

SS ous ' f ° re t S Z H H disk tubuIar • ^Ua beU 

tss s^pja h4 on the back at 



37JM 




! 183P 



( 3759 ) 

Rhododendron campanulatum. Bell- 
flowered Rhododendron. 

*********************** 

Class and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Erice^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

CaL 5-partitus. Cor. infundibuliformis, 5-lobus, anthe- 
ris apice biporosis. Caps. 5-locularis, 5-vatvis, ab apice 
dehiscens, val varum marginibus inflexis, dissepimenta for- 
mantibus. Receptaculum centrale. Semina membrana 
involuta. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Rhododendron campanulatum; decandrum, foliis peren- 
nantibus elliptico-oblongis mucronatis subtus ferrugi- 
neis basi subcordatis, corolla campanulata lobis plains 
emarginatis, ovariis 6-locularibus glabris. Don. 

Rhododendron campanulatum. Don, in Wern Trans, v. 
3 p 410. Sio. Br. Fl. Card. t. 241. Wall. Cat. n. 
756. Lodd. Bot. Cab. t. 1944. 



This superb plant has, we believe, very rarely produced 
its blossoms in this country. Mr. Francis Dickson, ot the 
Upton and Newton Nursery Grounds near Chester, most 
obli-inoly communicated the noble specimen here repre- 
senled in the month of April, 1839 The plant irom which 
it was cut, that gentleman remarks "has stood out of 
doors for the last seven years, and during the unusually 
severe winter of 1838 remained uninjured. In consequence 
of removing to a new Nursery Ground, the plant was lifted 
in November 1838 and placed in a large tub in the green- 
house, where it produced its truly splendid blossoms the 
' following 

VOL. XIII. K 



following spring. The plant is four feet and a half high, 
and from nine to ten feet in the circumference of its 
branches." It is a native of Cossaingthan, and was intro- 
duced to our gardens by Dr. Wallich. 

Descr. Stem arborescent : but of smaller size at all 
times than the R. arboreum. Leaves elliptical, coriaceous, 
cordate at the base,, the margins reflexed ; the upper side 
dark green, below ferruginous, in the old individuals: — for 
the young foliage is described as being purplish beneath, 
then milk-white, afterwards rust-coloured. Flowers large, 
handsome, delicate rose-coloured, the corolla dotted with 
darker rose-colour, or purple, within the upper side of the 
tube. Filaments decurved, their apices curved up, white : 
Anthers brownish-orange, opening by two pores at the 
apex of the cells. Style longer than the stamens. Stigma 
capitate. 



( 3760 ) 

Hakea dactyloides. Finger-leaved 
Hakea. 

Class and Order. 
Tetrandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Proteace^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium 4-phyllum, irregulare, foliolis secundis, api- 
cibus cavis staminiferis. Anthers iinmersae. Glandula 
hypogyna unica dimidiata. Ovarium pedicellatum, disper- 
tnum. Stigma subobliquum, e basi dilatata mucronatum. 
Folliculus unilocularis ligneus, pseudo-bivalvis, loculo ex- 
centrico. Semina ala apicis nucleo longiore. Br. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Hakea dactyloides; foliis integerrimis triplinervibus ve- 
nosis obovato-oblongis lineari-lanceolatisve aversis, 
ramulisangulatis, pedicellis pilosis; perianthiis glabris, 
capsulis ecalcaratis, cortice verrucoso. Br. 

Hakea dactyloides, 3, foliis lanceolatis, marginatis, basi 
longe attenuatis, recentibus obscure siccis conspicue 
venosis ; cortice vix verrucoso, quoad caetera ut id «. 

Hakea dactyloides, 3- Br. in Trans. Linn. Soc. 10. 187. 
Ibid. Prodr. Fl. Nov. Roll. 386. Roem. et Schult. 3. 
424. 



This plant was raised at the Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, 
from seeds sent by the late Mr. Fraser from New Holland, 
in 1827, and flowers most profusely in the greenhouse m 
April. It is an exceedingly ornamental species in cultiva- 
tion. This form is so extremely unlike the other variety 
of 11. dactyloides, that I should have considered it speci- 
tically distinct, but for the authority of Mr. Brown as 

quoted. _ 

Descr. 



Descr. Shrub erect (with us about six feet high, and 
still making long- and vigorous shoots), branches ascending, 
brown, streaked but scarcely warted, towards the extre- 
mities green, and while in flower shortly pubescent in 
continuous lines. Leaves (three inches and a half long, 
seven lines broad) spathulato-lanceolate, much attenuated 
at the base, tumid at the point of their insertion, where 
three fasciculi of vessels enter, two going along the mar- 
gins forming somewhat cartilaginous borders, and meeting 
the third, the central rib at the apex, where they together 
form a short, stout, sphacelated mucro ; — central rib giving 
off on each side, at unequal distances from the base, a 
lateral rib; all the nerves and the cartilaginous edges 
having reticulated branches, which with the nerves them- 
selves are immersed, and little conspicuous in the recent, 
but prominent and very apparent in the dried plant. Fas- 
ciculi axillary, shortly stalked, with many ovate, flesh- 
coloured, imbricated, deciduous bracteas. Flowers very 
numerous, giving the whole of the preceding year's shoots 
the appearance of a leafy, interrupted spike. Pedicels 
lax, hairy. Perianth glabrous, shorter than the pedicel, 
like it, and every part of the flower, except the anthers, 
white, perfumed slightly. Hypogynous gland minute. An- 
thers yellow, sessile in the apices of the perianth ; pollen 
granules triangular. Pistil longer than the perianth ; stigma 
conical ; style filiform ; germen glabrous. Graham. 



Fig. 1. Floret: magnified. 




a* hi/ J . ^ar r 2.1a , 39. 



( 3761 ) 

Brassavola Perrinii. Perrin's 
Brassavola. 

******************** 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala et petala subasqualia, libera, acuminata. Label- 
lum cucullatum, integrum, columnam involvens. Columna 
marginata, clavata, stigmate infundibulari, clinandrio pos- 
tice tridentato. Pollinia 8, subaequalia, quibusdam aliis 
parvis interjectis. Anthera 4-locularis, septis marginatis 
loculis simibipartitis. — Herbae caulescentes, epiphytce, apice 
folium unicum v. alterum, semicylindraceum, carnosum, 
supra sulcatum, apice subulatum, gerentes. Flores termi- 
nates, magni, speciosi. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Brassavola Perrinii; flore solitaries labello cordato-acumi- 
nato integerrimo, petalis sepalisque linearibus obtusis 
glabris, dentibus lateralibus clinandrii integris postico 
serrato, caule ramoso, folio tereti-compresso subulato 
linea canaliculato. 

Brassavola Perrinii. Lindl. Bot. Reg. t. 1561. 



A native of Brazil, whence plants were sent to the Glas- 
gow Botanic Garden. Besides a difference in the flower, 
this species may be further known from B. nodosa and B. 
cordata, by its much slenderer leaves, branching stem, and 
blossoms appearing solitary. ,,.,.,. t , 

Descr. Stem much branched, and clothed with sheath- 
ing membranaceous scales, throwing out thick, whitish, 
cylindrical roots, aud each ultimate branch terminated by 



a fleshy, tereti-compressed, subulate, pungent leaf, with a 
groove, or channel, on one side. From the base of this 
leaf, and within the uppermost stalk, arises a solitary pedun- 
cle, much shorter than the leaf, and bearing a single large 
flower. At the top of the peduncle, at the base of the 
very long, reddish-yellow pedunculiform germen, is a pair 
of small, subulate bracteas. Sepals and petals uniform, 
spreading, narrow, linear-lanceolate, of a pale yellow-green 
colour. Lip large, pure white, cordate, acuminate, entire 
at the margin. Column semicylindrical, broader, and 
winged on each side upward, the apex fimbriated above 
the anther, which is sunk into a cavity below the apex. 



Fig. 1. Front view, and fig. 2, side view of the Column. 



W6Z 







( 3762 ) 
Eutoca Menziesii. Mr. Menzies' 

EUTOCA. 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Hydrophylle^:. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 5-partitus sinubus edentulis. Capsula polysperma. 

Herb® annuce, pubescentes, eglandulosce . Folia alterna 

scepius pinnatifida, nunc indivisa. Racemi terminales et 
quandoque e summis alis, secundi, ebracteati, novelli spira- 
liter revoluti. Br. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Eutoca Menziesii; erecta foliis linearibus lanceolatisve in- 
tegerrimis quandoque trifidis pinuatifidisve, placentis 
2(f-multi-ovulatis. Benth. 

Eutoca Menziesii. Br. in App. to ^ankl.Voy.ed.d.p. 
51 Benth. in Linn. Trans, v. 17. p. 278. Hook, bl 
Bor. Am. v. 2. p. 79. Hook, et Am. Bot. of Beech. 
Voy.p.373. 

Eutoca multiflora. Dougl. in Bot. Reg. t. 11HU. 



A native of California, where it was first detected by the 
excellent and venerable Naturalist whose name it bears, 
aud also of the interior of the Columbia, growing m sandy 
situations The seeds were sent to the Horticultural Society 
by Mr. Douglas in 1826, and the plant is now met with as 
a frequent annual in our gardens, blossoming during the 
summer months. The leaves are very variable sometimes 
almost all entire, sometimes in part tnfid, and sometimes 
pinnatifid, even deeply so, as represented in the figure of 
the Botanical Register. Its copious flowers, of a delicate 



purple colour, render it a desirable plant for our flower 
borders. 

Descr. An erect, herbaceous, much branching plant, 
more or less downy in every part of the stem and branches. 
Leaves hairy, lanceolate or linear-lanceolate, sessile, entire 
or trifid, or sometimes, more especially below, pinnatifid. 
Flowers about the size of those of Polemonium cceruleum, 
arranged in dense, terminal, secund, circinnate racemes or 
spikes. Calyx in five, deep, linear, hairy segments. Corolla 
rotato-campanulate, veined, purple, waved at the margin. 
Stamens springing from the base of the corolla, Style 
bifid. 



3763. 




( 3763 ) 
Lepismium commune. Common Lepismium. 

********************* 

Class and Order. 

IcOSANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Cacte^:. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala ovario subnudo pyriformi adnata,, in tubum bre- 
vissimnm concreta, exteriora 4 — 5 subimbricata, interiora 
5 — 7 petaliformia, lanceolata, acuta, recurvato-patula, alba 
vel rosea. Stamina filiformia pluriserialia, externa longiora, 
petalorum basi adnata, antheris minutis reniformibus. 
Stylus crassiusculus columnaris, staininibus intimis longior. 
Stigma 4 — 5-radiatum. Bacca subglobosa, laevis, calyce 
inarcescente coronata. Semina in pulpa nidulantia. Coty- 
ledones latae, acuminata?, foliaceae. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Lepismium commune ; articulatum erectum subradicans laete 
viride 3 — angulare, costis valde compressis repando- 
crenatis ad crenas squama ovata acuta pilisque nume- 
rosis albis instructis. D C. 

Lepismium commune. Pfeiff. " in Otto, Gz. 1835. n. 40." 
Enum. Cact. p. 138. 

Cereus squamulosus. Salm, in D C. Prodr. v. 3. p. 469. 

Cereus elegans. Hort. 



The Glasgow Botanic Garden owes the possession of this 
plant to Mr. Hitchin, a well-known and highly-successful 
cultivator of succulent plants, who probably received it 
from the Prince de Salm Dyk. It is said to be a native of 
Brazil. Its flowering season is October. As a Genus, I 
fear the characters are very slight. The flowers seem to 
me to be altogether those of Rhipsalis, and the habit very 
similar to R. alatus, Pfeiff. (Cactus alatus, Bot. Mag. t. 

2820,) 



2820), only that the latter plant is compressed or two- 
angled ; as is indeed the Lepismium paradoxum, Pfeiff. 

Descr. The stem, in our plant, is about two feet long, 
articulated, branched, the joints elongated, very unequal, 
below small, scarcely three-fourths of an inch in the greatest 
diameter, whereas the upper and younger shoots measure 
two inches across : all of them are elongated, but various 
in length, tri-angular, full green, the angles much com- 
pressed and deeply sinuato-serrate : at the apex of the ser- 
rature, or tooth, is a membranous point, or scale ; and within 
it a cavity filled with a tuft of erect, protruded bristles. In 
the lower and older parts of the stem, the serratures and 
scale are less distinct, the hairs or bristles are fewer, more 
protruded and black. In the cavities, thus situated, of the 
younger and large articulations, the flowers appear : these 
are small and partly immersed. Germen minute, inferior, 
naked. Sepals small, petaloid, uniting into a very short 
tube, gradually passing into the large, oblong-lanceolate, 
slightly reflexed petals, of a greenish-white colour slightly 
tinged with purple. Stamens numerous, unequal, shorter 
than the petals. Style as long as the petals. Stigma four- 
partite. 



Fig. 1. Flower, magnified. 2. An Areola, whence a Flower has been 
removed, magnified. 



( 3764 ) 

(Enothera bifrons. Heart-leaved 
Evening-Primrose. 

Class and Order. 

OCTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

( Nat. Ord— Onagrari^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 4-fidus tubulosus. Petala 4, calyci inserta. Cap- 
sula 4-locularis, 4-valvis, infera. Semina comosa. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

(Enothera bifrons; erectiuscula ramosa parce pilosa, foliis 
semiamplexantibus subdentatis inferionbus ovatis acu- 
minatis superioribus (seu bracteis) exacte cordatis, 
floribus inter majores (flavis), tubo calycmo longis- 
simo, petalis plicatilibus, capsula (immature) cylm- 
dracea sulcata pilosa. 

(Enothera bifrons. Don in Sw. Ft. Gard. v. 4. p. 386. 



Another and very distinct species of Evening Primrose 
discovered by the late Mr. Drummond injo^d intro- 
duced to our gardens, is that here figured. It may be at 
once known by its semiamplexicaul leaves, of which the 
uDDei Gradually passing into bracteas are remarkably 
bmad'aSd exactly cordate. It is quite hardy, and a very 
free Aowerer, each panicle, and, indeed, branch of a panicle, 
LariiH "reat number of buds, which open in succession^ 
With 2» in the Glasgow Botanic Garden, it has flowered in 
Ks" and i^ptem^r, and bids fair to continue blossom- 
in Aill the frosts destroy the plant. js-fc*!. 

Descr Annual ? Stems nearly erect, rounded slightly 
ha^^reen often tinged with purple. Leaves alternate, 
n^yfSous, semiamplexicaul, the lower annate. 



acuminate, the upper smaller, (and usually bearing 
flovyers in the axils, seem gradually to become bracteas*) 
decidedly cordate; all of them more or less toothed 
Flowers sessile, solitary from each of the upper leaves or 
bracteas. Germen short, cylindrical, slightly furrowed 
hairy. Tube of the calyx an inch and a half or more long 
slender, yellow-green, enlarged upwards : its limb reflexed' 
separating into four segments, or combined . Corolla large' 
yellow, handsome : petals roundish, much puckered. Style 
longer than the stamens. Stigma of four rays. 

Fig. 1. Part of the Calyx laid open. 2. Pistil -.-magnified. 



57 6S 




• 



( 3765 ) 

Epidendrum cepiforme. Onion-rooted 
Epidendrum. 

********************* 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchideje. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala patentia, subaequalia. Petala sepalis aequalia, vei 
an«-ustiora, rarius latiora, patentia vel reflexa. Labellum 
cum marginibus columnar omnino vel parte connatum, 
limbo integro vel diviso, disco saepius calloso, costato, vel 
tuberculato ; nunc in calcar productum ovario accretum et 
cuniculum formans. Colwnna elongata : clinandrio mar- 
ginato, ssepe fimbriato. Anthera carnosa, 2— 4-locularis. 
Pollinia 4, caudiculis totidem replicatis annexa.— Herbae 
(Americana) epiphytes, caule nunc apice vel basipseudo-bul- 
boso, nunc elongato apice folioso. Folia carnosa rarissime^ 
venis elevatis striata. Flores spicati, racemosi, corymbosi 
vel paniculati, terminates vel laterales. Lindl. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Epidendrum (Encyclia) cepiforme; pseudo-bulbo globoso 
laevi diphyllo, foliis lineari-lingulatis crassmscuhs, 
panicula maxima amplissima effiiaa, petalis sepalisque 
uniformibus patentibus spathulatis acutis, labello libero 
trilobo, lobis lateralibus oblongis incurvis columnam 
involventibus, medio cordato acutiusculo. 



This is another of the new Orchideous plants for which 
the Woburn Collection is indebted to John Parkinson, 
Esq H B M. Consul at Mexico, who sent it from that 
country in May, 1838. Its large, globose, smooth pseudo- 
bulbs and its ample panicles, four of which, each about 

three 



VOL. XIII. 



three feet high, arose from one tuft of the plant in the same 
pot, will readily distinguish this plant from every other 
with which we are acquainted. Its nearest affinity perhaps 
is with E. oncidioides (Lindl. Bot. Reg. t. 1623). 

Descr. Pseudo-bulbs remarkable for their almost exactly 
globose form, as large as a good-sized. peach, smooth on 
the surface, the younger ones partially clothed with a mem- 
branaceous sheath. Leaves two, from the apex of the 
pseudo-bulb, eight to ten inches long, and an inch wide, 
hnear-ligulate, rather obtuse, somewhat coriaceous, one- 
nerved. Panicle from the top of the pseudo-bulb between 
the two leaves, including the peduncle three feet and more 
high, with copious, spreading branches, and numerous 
flowers. Sepals and petals uniform, spreading horizontally, 
spathulate, acute, all of the same uniform tawny-orange 
colour. Lip broadly-oblong, channelled, three-lobed, the 
two side-lobes elliptical, embracing the column, the middle 
one cordate, acute, a little waved at the margin. Colour 
pale yellowish-green, beautifully streaked with red veins ; 
and at the base within is a large, oblong, white, fleshy disk, 
grooved in the centre. Column shorter than the lip, green- 
ish bordered with red. Anther terminal, hemispherical, 
yellow. r 



2. l!fp:-maS e T d ^ ** *"*" ^ **"* fr ° m itS natural P 0siti ° n ' 



( 3766 ) 

Lasiandra petiolata. Petiolated 
Lasiandra. 

A'. A'. A*. A'. A'- rV- A'- •$'■ ■'■I'- A'- A', A'r A', A/. A'. A'. A/. A'. A'. As* A'- 
VK MS MS V MS VIS f» 'I- MS MS MS MS MS MS f M> M> MS MS MS 4» 

C/ass «nc? Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Melastomacejs. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx limbo quinquefido, tandem deciduo. Petala quin- 
que, patentia. Stamina decern, subaequalia, connecticulo 
basi introrsum varie biauriculato, antheris uniporosis (fila- 
mentis saepe villosis). Ovarium setis coronatum. Capsula 
calyce velata, ab eo sublibera, quinquelocularis, superne 
quinquerimosa. jSbmVmnumerosa, hilo basilari, reniformi- 
oblonga, punctulata. — Frutices vel arbores plus minus se- 
tosi vel strigillosi, ligno molli fragili. Caules et rami 
cathedri. Folia integerrima, 3 — b-nervia, opposita aut ver- 
ticillata. Paniculae terminales, ftoribus speciosis violaceis, 
roseis rubris aut puniceis, singulis pari bracteatum conca- 
varum mox deciduarum ante anthesin inclusis. Martius. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Lasiandra* petiolata ; ramis compressis pilosis pilis patulis, 
foliis oppositis oblongo-lanceolatis basi subcordatis, 
floribus ad apices ramorum in pseudo-paniculis amplis 
dispositis, calycibus setoso-pilosis. Graham. 



We received, in 1836, at the Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, 
from the Botanic Garden, Berlin, a plant of this species 

under 



* So named by De Candolle from Aao-tor, hairy, and awjp, «»fy<*, applied 
here to the stamens : in allusion to the tuft of hairs on the filaments of some 
species. 



under the name here adopted. It has been freely propa- 
gated by cuttings, and flowered abundantly in June and 
July, 1839, in stove heat. We have no account of the 
country from whence it was introduced into Europe. 

(To me this species does not appear to differ from Lasi- 
andra Maximiliana, Mart. Nov. Gen. Brasil. p. 94. t. 240 
and 241, a native of the provinces of Saint Paulo and Saint 
Sebastian, Brazil. W. J. H.) 

Descr. Shrub (five feet high) erect, bluntly tetragonous. 
Branches compressed, long, weak, pendulous, when young 
densely covered with spreading nearly white hairs, which 
soon become fulvous. Leaves (two and a half to three 
inches long, an inch and a half to two inches broad,) oppo- 
site, ovato-oblong, blunt, or subcordate at the base, petio- 
late, entire, divaricated, densely pubescent on both sides, 
on the upper and on the back of the nerves and partly on 
the secondary veins, the pubescence is long and suberect, 
on the lower side between the nerves closely covered with 
short tomentum. Peduncles axillary, once or often divid- 
ed, they and each of their subdivisions spreading at right 
angles, collected at the extremities of the branches into 
large panicles. Bracteas caducous, solitary at the subdivi- 
sions of the peduncles, and in pairs, opposite, at the base of 
the calyx. Flowers (an inch and a half across) lilac, nume- 
rous, handsome. Calyx covered with harsh, unequal hairs, 
which on the oblong tube are deflected and ascending at the 
apex, on the back of the limb nearly straight ; limb deeply 
five-cleft, segments lanceolate, unequal, oblique, ciliated, 
glabrous on the inner surface, half as long as the tube. 
Petals five, obovato-cuneate, emarginate, ciliated, glabrous 
on both surfaces. Stamens ten, inserted into the throat of 
the calyx ;jilaments declined, having a few glandular hairs, 
sprinkled chiefly in a line along their outer side ; anthers 
armed, ascending, cells approximated along the upper side, 
compressed laterally, undulate, opening by a single pore at 
the apex ; connective biauriculate at the base. Pistil as 
long as the stamens, and declined in the opposite direction 
trom them; stigma small, entire, blunt, greenish; style 
purple slightly tapering towards the stigma, having a few 
glandular hairs towards its base, articulated with the ger- 
men ; germen green, oblong, with ten prominent angles, 
tree or partially adhering to the calyx-tube at the angles, 
crowned by a tuft of erect hairs, five-locular; placenta cen- 
tral, covered with many ovules. Graham. 



Fig. 1. Single Stamen. 2. Calyx including the Pistil -.—magnified. 



~/7/J7 




( 3767 ) 

C(ELOGYNE OCELLATA. EYELETTED 
C(ELOGYNE. 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide-e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala conniventia, vel patentia, libera, aequalia, peta- 
loidea. Petala nunc sepalis conformia, nunc linearia. La- 
bellum cucullaturn, saepius trilobum, lineis disci elevatis vel 
cristatis, nunc integerrimum ecristatum (in Paniscd). Co- 
lumna erecta, libera, margine alata, apice dilatata, nunc 
cucullata, stigmate bilabiate Anthera bilocularis, septo 
medio non partibili ; infra apicem columnae inserta. Pol- 
linia 4, libera, incumbentia, nunc basi materia granulosa 
coherentia. — Herbae supra arbor es et saxa vigentes, foliorum 
basibus in pseudo-bulbos dilatatis, rhizomate nunc crasso 
squamoso, nunc obsoleto. Folia coriacea scepius venis dis- 
tinctis aqualibus, nunc quibusdam crassioribus costata vel 
plicata. ' Racemi terminates vel radicates, e squamis (brac- 
teis sterilibus) corneis erumpentes. Flores speciosi scepe 
odorati. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Ccelogyne * ocellata ; pseudo-bulbis ovatis caespitosis sub- 
angulatis squamis nitidis vestitis, foliis lanceolatis acu- 
minatis petiolo angustatis, racemis strictis aequalibus, 
bracteis deciduis, sepalis petalisque oblongo-lanceola- 
tis, labelli lobo intermedio ovato ad basin utrinque 
lamella abbreviata interrupta, disco lineis tribus lamel- 
latis, columna obsolete triloba. Lindl. 

Ccelogyne 



* Derived, I presume, from xo»?wf, hollow, and yv>n, in allusion to the 
cavity of the cucullate column. 



Ccelogyne ocellata. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. n. 1953. Gen. 

et Sp. Orchid, p. 40. 
C(elogyne punctulata. Lindl. Collect, p. 33. 



From the Collection of John Allcard, Esq. of Stratford 
Green, where Epiphytes, and more especially exotic Ferns, 
are cultivated with a degree of success that I have rarely 
witnessed elsewhere. The present beautiful species of 
Ccelogyne, we are informed by Dr. Wallich, is a native of 
Silhet and of the Sermore mountains of the East Indies, 
and was first introduced into this country by Mr. Loddiges. 
The pure white of the petals and sepals and the clear orange 
spots of the labellum render the flowers extremely hand- 
some and ornamental. 

Descr. Pseudo-bulbs ovate, acuminated, wrinkled ; at 
first green, afterwards purple ; while young, partly sheathed 
by large brown scales. Leaves two, a span long, ligulate, 
one-nerved, somewhat coriaceous. Peduncle from between 
the (leaves, clothed with long sheathing scales. Raceme erect, 
or drooping towards the upper end, shorter than the leaves, 
with tour to six large flowers. Sepals spreading, oblong, 
obtuse, pure white. Petals similar to them but narrower, 
also spreading. Lip applied to the column, oblong, three- 
obed, Jateral lobes obtuse, erect and incurved, the middle 
lobe ovato-cordate, obtuse, the colour is white tinged with 
yellow, and veined with orange: within each lateral lobe is 
a Jarge ocel ated orange spot, and there are three smaller 
ones at the base of the terminal lobe. The disk of the lip 
lias three longitudinal, waved lamella. Column long, 
slender, white, the margin and disk in front yellow. Anther- 
cast ! green, surrounded by the obscurely three-lobed margin 
ot the top of the column. Pollen-masses yellow. 



vW g A?r„ e i ^ a £ d f 2 -/ TOnt view of the Li P- 3 - 4- Front and Side 
-Lgnified 5 " Inside view of an Anther-case. 6. Pollen-masses: 



3768 







( 3768 ) 

Cereus Martianus. Von Martius' 
Cereus. 

******************** 

Class and Order. 

IcOSANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Cacte/E. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala numerosissima imbricata, basi ovario adnata, in 
tubum elongatum concrete, exteriora breviora calycinalia, 
media longiora colorata, intima petaliformia. Stamina nu- 
merosissima cum tubo concreta. Stylus filiformis, apice 
multifidus. Bacca areolata, sepalorum reliquiis squamata 
aut tuberculosa. Cotyledones acuminata?. — Prutices car- 
nosi, subglobosi vet elongati, stricti, articulati vel repentes, 
axi ligneo interne medullifero donati, angulis verticalibus, 
spinarum fasciculos gerentibus vel inermibus, irregulariter 
sulcati. Anguli seu al<z nunc plurimce, nunc paucissimce, 
rarius duce tantum, et tunc rami compresso-alati inermes. 
Flores ampli e spinarum fasciculis lateralibus trunci aut 
ramorum vetustiorum, aut crenis angulorum orti. Fructus 
oviformes, plerumque anno sequente maturescentes, edules. 
Pfeiffer. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Cereus Martianus; suberectus ramosus 8-angularis sinubus 
latiusculis, costis vix prominentibus, areolis approxi- 
matis in crista? tuberculis positis, aculeis exterioribus 
6—8 setiformibus albidis (nascentibus rubris) radian- 
tibus, centralibus 2—3 fuscis vix majoribus. 

Cereus Martianus. " Zucc."—Pfeiff. Enum. Cact. p. 110. 



The specimen of the Cereus here represented was oblig- 
ingly sent from the noble Collection at Woburn, in April, 
J 1839, 



1839, bearing both flowers and young fruit. In Pfeiffer's 
" Enumeratio Cactearum," it is placed next to the well- 
known Cereus flagelliformis (that frequent ornament of 
cottage windows), but may readily be known by its differ- 
ent mode of growth, its deeply furrowed stern, and much 
slenderer hair-like aculei. It is a native of Mexico, and 
flowers readily and copiously in the spring months. 

Descr. Stem nearly erect, but weak, branched, terete, 
obtuse, about three-fourths of an inch in diameter, about 
eight-angled, the angles obtuse : studded with areola? about 
half an inch asunder, each containing a small white tuft, 
whence arise six to eight hair-like aculei. Flowers large, 
handsome, of a deep-red rose-colour. Calyx of several 
narrow-lanceolate, acuminated scales, gradually enlarging, 
and passing into numerous spreading petals. Germen sub- 
globose, and, as well as the elongated tube of the flower, 
beset with tufts of hair-like aculei. Young fruit globose, 
green, larger than a hasel-nut, and partially clothed with 
the persistent tufts of hairs. 



~s70O. 




( 3769 ) 

Aristolochia caudata. Livid-flowered 
Birth-wort. 

********************* 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Hexandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Aristolochie^:. ) 

Generic Character. 

Corolla 1-petala, ligulata, basi ventricosa. Capsula 6- 
locularis, polysperma, infera. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Aristolochia caudata; caule volubili, foliis inferioribus re- 
niformibus triangularibus v. laeviter trilobis, superi- 
oribus tripartitis laciniis apice angustatis, calycibus 
cylindraceis infractis basi ventricosis sexcalcaratis, 
labio cordato cuspidato lamina tubo multo breviore 
cuspide filiformi torto calyce multoties longiore. Lindl. 

Aristolochia caudata. Booth, in Bot. Reg. t. 1453. 



From the hot-house at Woburn Abbey, where this plant 
flowered in high perfection in May, 1839. It is a native of 
Brazil, and was first raised in the garden of Sir Charles 
Lemon, at Carclew, Cornwall, by Mr. Booth, from seeds 
received from Lieut. Wright, of H. M. Packet-ship, Hope. 
The extraordinary length of the tail and the smaller upper 
lip in relation to the tube of the corolla, will distinguish 
this from the A. trilobata, L., figured in the Botanical 
Register, t. 1399. 

Descr. Perennial, climbing. Leaves cordate, through- 
out the greater part of the plant, deeply three-lobed, almost 
three-partite, the lobes oval-oblong, obtuse : petioles an 
inch and a half to two inches long, rounded. Stipules large, 
somewhat cordate, acute, wavy. Petioles from the axils of 

the 



the leaf-stalk, solitary, much curved upwards. Tube of the 
perianth pitcher-shaped, and curved like a syphon, the lower 
half much inflated, the upper narrow below, gradually 
widening upwards, of a dingy brownish-green colour, 
coarsely nerved and reticulated, the mouth with its under- 
side truncated, and waved, scarcely forming a lip, the upper 
portion expands into a large, rich, blackish-brown coloured, 
broadly cordate lip, of which the apex is suddenly atten- 
uated into a slender variously twisted tail, in our specimens 
a foot and a half long. 



wL 



3 7 tO 




( 3770 ) 

Liparis Walkeri^e. Mrs. Colonel 
Walker's Liparis. 

******************** 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala patentia libera ; lateralia basi aequalia saepius 
breviora. Petala sepalis angustiora, raro aequalia, linearia 
vel filiformia. Labellum ascendens vel erectum, basi cum 
columna paululum accretum, supra basin saepius bitubercu- 
latuin integrum nunc mucronibus aliquot sed lobis nullis. 
Columna elongata, semiteres, incurva, apice marginata. 
Anther a bilocularis. Pollinia 4, collateralia. — Herbae ter- 
restres vel epiphyta, foliis basi in pseudo-bulbum concretis, 
nunc membranaceis plicatis, nunc subcoriaceis venis minus 
distinctis. Scapus teres vel angulatus, vel anceps. Flores 
parvi, herbacei, racemosi, raro lutei vel albi. Lindl. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Liparis Walkeria ; foliis 2 — 3 subrotundo-ovatis acutis, 
petiolatis plicatis basi obliquis cucullatis, spica erecta 
multiflora brevioribus,pedunculo angulato, labello sub- 
rotundo reflexo crenulato, sepalis patentibus oblongis, 
marginibus revolutis, germine petalisque filiformibus 
aequalibus. Graham. 



We received this plant at the Royal Botanic Garden 
Edinburgh, in June 1834, sent by Mrs. Colonel Walker, 
from Ceylon. It has since flowered twice in the stove, and 
although it must certainly yield in beauty to many of the 
donations received from the same liberal and zealous culti- 
vator of botany, yet it is not without interest. It ought to 
stand in the arrangement of the species between L. purpu- 

rascens 



rascens and L. atropurpurea, and is distinguished from the 
former by its spike, and from the latter by its acutely 
angled, almost winged stem. 

Descr. Terrestrial. Pseudo-bulbs conical, sheathed by 
about three scales, (the bases of abortive leaves) dark pur- 
ple. Leaves two to three, with striated petioles, which are 
sheathing at the base, subrotundo-ovate, cucullate, acute, 
oblique at the base, plicate, about eleven-nerved, lurid- 
green above, paler below. Stalk terminal, acutely angled 
Spike many-flowered, cylindrical, longer than the leaves. 
Rachis green, with many waved acute angles or wings. 
Bracteas ovato-deltoid, acute. Germen purple, longer than 
the bracteas. Sepals dark purple, oblong, oblique, revolute 
in the edges, spreading at right angles to the germen to 
which they are equal, at first nearly equidistant, afterwards, 
when beginning to decay, the two lower ones project 
downwards parallel and in contact below the lip, the third 
upwards behind the column. Petals equal to the sepals, 
slender filiform, spreading laterally and afterwards reflexed. 
Up su orotund , bituberculate on the upper side near the 
base reflexed, dark purple in the middle, yellow and cre- 
nulate at the edges. Column erect, slightly curved forwards, 
about half as long as the sepals, purple below, colourless 
above where here is a conical tooth projecting along each 
side of the stigma. Anther-case hinged at the apex, with 
two rounded cells, containing the sessile, yellow, hard 
pollen-masses. Graham. J 



Fig. 1. Front view of a Flower. 2. Lip. 3. Column -.-magnified. 




I 



( 3771 ) 

HlPPEASTRUM SOLANDRIFLORUM. SoLANDRA 
FLOWERED HlPPEASTRUM. 

********************* 

Class and Order. 

Hexandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Amaryllideje. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium declinature tubo infra abbreviate, mem- 
brana fasciali non annulari, limbo quater dispare. Scapus 
spathaceus cavus. Capsula trivalvis. Semina testa nigra. 
Herb. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Hippeastrum solandrifiorum ; 2— 4-florum, perianthio in- 
fundibulari subregulari, tubo gracillimo intus nudo 
limbo multo longiore, stigmate obtuse tnlobo. Lindl. 

Hippeastrum solandrifiorum. Herb. Amaryll. p. 136. 

Amaryllis solandramora. Lindl. Collect. t.U. Spreng. 
Syst. Veget.v.2.p. 51. 

(*.) striatum; flore 2-10-unciali, extus obscure rubro- 
lineata, tubo S—H uncia longo. Bot. Mag. t. 2573. 

Herb. I. c. 
(y.)rubritubum; flore viridescenti-albo, tubo purpureo-ru- 

bro. Herb. I. c. 
($.) conspicuum; flore 10± uncias longo, extus obscure ru- 
bro-striato, tubo purpureo-rubro. Herb. I. c.—fi. vit- 
tata. Bot. Reg. t. 876. 



Among tbe many interesting plants sent by Mr Schom- 
burgk to our gardens from British Guiana, were bulbs of 
The present truly noble plant, which were gathered in ins 
ate adve„turous y voyage up the BerWee, and received by 
his Grace the Duke of Bedford^ They flowered n he 
stove at Woburn, in May, 1839, and proved to be the 



VOL. XIII. M 



very same form of Hippeastrum solandriflorum which is 
figured by Dr. Lindley in his « Collectanea Botanica." 
Mr. Herbert, indeed, considers that the leaves are nar- 
rower and the stigmas shorter and smaller, but on com- 
paring the two figures very little difference will be found. 

Descr. Bulb broadly ovate, brown. Leaves rather nar- 
row ligu late, keeled below, blunt at the apex, about a 
toot long. Scape two feet high, terete, somewhat angled 
above, in our specimen two-flowered. Spatha of two acu- 
minated leaves, soon withering. Pedicels short, curved. 
t lowers r drooping, very large. Perianth eight to ten inches 
long. 1 ube very long, slender, pale green ; the limb some- 
what spreading : the segments oblong, rather acute, dingy 
sulphur, or cream-coloured, greenish at the middle of the 
back. Stamens rather unequal, shorter than the style. 
tdaments arising from the top of the tube, monadelphous 
at the base, white. Anthers oblong, vellow. Germen oval, 
ti miigular Style shorter than the stamens. Stigma small 
ot three obtuse lobes. 



fm: l nal.1ize^ *" Perianth laid °P en to show th e insertion of the Sta- 




-X 







.1*-"' 



•^ 



*» ^* 





( 3772 ) 

Gardoquia multiflora. Many-flowered 
Gardoquia. 

Class and Order. 

DlDYNAMIA GyMNOSPERMIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Labiate. ) 
Generic Character. 



Calyx tubulosus, 13-neteis, subincurvus, ore aequali vel 
obliquo dentibus brevibus rectis subrequalibus vel subbila- 
biatis. Corollas tubus longe exsertus rectus vel incurvus, 
iiitus nudus; limbus bilabiatus, labium superius erectum 
subplanum emarginatum., inferius subpatens lobis planis 
medio latiore. Stamina 4, subdidynama, inferioribus Ion- 
gioribus, laxe adscendentia, apice subdistantia, superiora 
subinde sterilia. Filamenta edentula. Antherce biloculares, 
loculis distinctis parallelis vel subdivergentibus. Styli lobi 
subrcquales. Achenia sicca, laevia.— Suffrutices fruticesve 
ramosissimi foliosi, scepe procumbentes. F lores pulchri, 
scejrius coccinei. Benth. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Gardoquia* multiflora; fruticosa, subglabra, foliis, petio- 
latis ovatis obtusiusculis subcrenatis basi rotundatis 
viridibus subtus pallidis, floralibus conformibus, verti- 
cillastris laxis subsecundis, cymis pedunculitis vix 
dichotomis, calycis glabriusculi dentibus acutis, fauce 
intus nuda corollis calyce triplo loiigioribus. Benth. 

Gardoquia multiflora. Ruiz et Pav. Ft. Peruv. et Chil. 
ined. 4. t. 495./. a. Benth. Lab. p. 398. 

Rizoa ovatifolia. Cav. Ic. vol. 6. p. 56. t. 578 (male). 

This 



* Named by Ruiz and Pavon in compliment to D. Diego Gardoqui, 
Minister of Finance to Charles IV., king of Spain. 



This very ornamental plant was received at the garden of 
the Caledonian Horticultural Society, from Chili. It pro- 
duced in the greenhouse a succession of flowers during 
nearly the whole summer and autumn of 1839. It very 
much resembles Gardoquia grandiflora, but may be distin- 
guished from this especially by its foliage being perfectly 
glabrous even when young, by its patent not erect branches, 
and by its shorter style. 

Descr. Shrub erect, much branched, four-sided, branches 
spreading, bark cracked. Leaves petiolate, ovate, reflected 
in the edges, glabrous on both sides, of lively green above, 
dotted and rather paler below, where also the middle rib 
and oblique veins are prominent. Peduncles (three lines 
long) axdlary, solitary, collected towards the extremities 
of the branches, three-flowered, glabrous ; pedicels rather 
longer than the peduncle, the lateral ones having a small 
adpressed bractea on their outer side at the base, and two 
opposite ones below their middle, the central one without 
any bractea. Flowers handsome, pendulous. Calyx (one- 
tourth of an inch long) slightly curved, green, sprinkled 
with glands, and very obscure pubescence, teeth erect, 
nearly equal, the uppermost rather the smallest. Corolla 
hve times as long as the calyx, red purple; tube clavato- 
tunnel-snaped, slightly compressed laterally, slightly pubes- 
cent on the outside, hairy within, especially on the lower 
side and toward the limb ; limb two lipped ; upper lip slightly 
reflected of two rounded teeth; lower lip of three more 
recurved, linear segments. Stamens exserted, straight, dis- 
tant the two longer projecting forwards from the centre of 
the flower, the two shorter parallel to and above them ; 
Jitaments colourless, adherent to about the middle of the 
tube, above which they are free, and at the point of sepa- 
ration the corolla projects in little external, corresponding 
eminences ; anthers dark lilac, of two, much divaricated 
obes, opening along the vertex ; pollen white. Pistil equal 
to the longest stamens, pale lilac towards the top ; stigma 
oihd, segments nearly equal, subulate, curved outwards ; 
germen-lobes erect; placed upon a fleshy disk, which is 
longer than the lobes. Graham 



Fig. 1. Flower laid open : magnified. 



( 3773 ) 

Passiflora Mooreana. Mr. Moore's 
Passion-flower. 

Class and Order. 

MONADELPHIA PeNTANDRIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Passifloreje. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calycis tubus brevissimus, faux corona filamentosa mul- 
tiplici ornata. Bacca saepius pulposa, rarius subinembra- 
nacea. D. C. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Passiflora Mooreana ; glaberrima scandens cirrhifera, foliis 
brevissime petiolatis (petiolo grosse biglanduloso) 
cuneatis palmato-trifidis obscure serratis sinubus glan- 
dulosis subtus stipulisque magnis ovato-acuminatis 
cordatis utrinque glaucis, pedunculis unifloris bracteis 
magnis ovatis serratis involucratis longitudine floris, 
corona filamentosa triplici exteriore petala aequante. 



This handsome Passion-flower, along with many other 
rarities sent by Mr. Tweedie of Buenos Ayres from various 
and often very remote parts of the interior, has been most 
successfully cultivated by Mr. Dugald Moore at the Royal 
Dublin Society's Botanic Garden of Glasnevin. To him I 
wish to dedicate this new species of Passiflora, which Mr. 
Moore observes will probably bear the open air as well as 
Passiflora ccerulea, which its flowers a good deal resemble; 
but which has the advantage of being very fragrant. The 
nearest affinity,, however, of this plant is with P. Tucuma- 
nensis (Bot. Mag. t. 3636), but the nearly sessile, very 
differently-shaped leaves and glands, and smaller flowers, 
besides other characters, abundantly distinguish it. The 

seeds 



seeds were received in 1837, and the plants flowered in 
July, 1839. 

Descr. Stems long, climbing, cirrhiferous, glaucous. 
Leaves almost entirely sessile, three to five inches long-, 
cuneate, deeply palmato-trifid, obscurely serrated, oblong, 
dark-green above, very glaucous ; there are a few sessile 
peziziform glands in the sinuses, and a large one of the 
same character on each side the very short petiole. Sti- 
pules large, ovate, serrated, glaucous on both sides, un- 
equally cordate at the base. Peduncles one-flowered, half 
as long as the leaves, bearing a little below the flower a 
large, three-leaved involucre, the leaves ovate, cordate at 
the base, and a good deal resembling the stipules. Calyx- 
tube very short : the limb of five oblong segments. Petals 
white. Filamentous crown with the outer ray nearly as 
long as the petals, blue ; variegated below with white and 
darker blue ; intermediate one very short, and deep blue, 
inner-one red-purple, erect. Staminal tube yellow, spotted 
with orange. 



r>77t 



",';■, . . - 




( 3774 ) 

Nemophila atomaria. Spotted-flowered 
Nemophila. 

************************ 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Hydrophylle^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx inferus, persistens, 10-fidus ; laciniis alternis re- 
flexis. Corolla campanulata, 5-loba ; lobis emarginatis. 
Nectarium foveolae 10 ad marginem faucis. Stamina bre- 
via : Antherce lunatas. Capsula unilocularis. Semina unum 
supra alterum receptaculis duobus parietalibus inserta. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Nemophila atomaria ; foliis oppositis pinnatifidis basi in 
petiolum angustatis, lobis subrotundatis indivisis, ca- 
lycis sinubus minimis reflexis, pedimculis axillaribus 
corollisque hirtis, ovariis multi-ovulatis. Lindl. 

Nemophila atomaria. Fisch. Cat. Sem. Hort. Petrop. 1835. 
Lindl. Bot. Reg. t. 1940. 



A native of California, whence it was introduced by the 
Horticultural Society of London to our gardens, by the 
indefatigable Mr. David Douglas. It is a hardy annual 
and flowers through the autumnal as well as summer 
months, braving unharmed some of our early frosts. Dr. 
Arnott and myself, from an investigation of dried spe- 
cimens alone, had been led to express an opinion that this 
was not really distinct from the N. insignis, or rather, as it 
ought to be called, N. Menziesii (Hook, et Aru. in Bot. of 
Beechey's Voyage, p. 152 and 372). An examination of 
recent specimens has satisfied us of our mistake. Inde- 
pendent of the curious spotting of the flower, (dark choco- 
late 



late on a white ground,) the corolla is smaller, more 
rotate, and densely hairy at the bottom within. The leaves 
too are less deeply pinnatifid, and the lobes more entire. 

Descr. A straggling, much branched, annual plant, 
with succulent, brittle stems. Leaves petiolate, pinnatifid, 
the lobes ovate, nearly entire, slightly hairy, smaller up- 
wards. Peduncles solitary, single-flowered, hairy. Calyx 
hairy, the sinuses prolonged into deflexed spurs. Corolla 
rotate, white, very hairy at the base within, the lobes 
marked with dark brown, oblong spots, indistinct on the 
underside. Anthers sagittate, dark purple-brown, on fila- 
ments which are much shorter than the corolla. Germen 
ovate, hairy, with a five lobed, hypogynous, fleshy ring at 
the base. Style deeply bifid. Stigmas obtuse. 



Fig. 1. Calyx, including the Pistil. 2. Portion of the Corolla. 3. Pistil 
magnified. 




577S, 



( 3775 ) 

Epacris obtusifolia. Blunt-leaved 
Epacris. 

********************* 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Epacride^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx coloratus multibracteatus, bracteis textura calycis. 
Corolla tubulosa, limbo imberbi. Stamina epipetala; 
antheris supra medium peltatis. Squamula 5 hypogynae. 
Capsula placentis columnar centrali adnatis. — Fruticuli 
ramosi, scepius glabri. Folia sparsa petiolata vel basi 
simplicL F lores axillares in spicam foliatam sapius digesti, 
albi vel purpurascentes. Br. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Epacris obtusifolia; floribus nutantibus, foliis lanceolatis 
erectis subimbricatis apice calloso obtusiusculo, caly- 
cibus obtusis longitudine tubi, staminibus inclusis. 
Br. 

Epacris obtusifolia. Sm. Exot. Bot. p. 77. t. 40. Br. 
Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl. p. 551. 



This pretty Epacris is a native of Port Jackson, New 
South Wales, and was introduced to this country through 
the Royal Gardens of Kew, whence our plants were received 
at the Glasgow Botanic Garden. It flowers in October, 
and occasionally ripens its seeds with us. 

Descr. Plant shrubby, from two to three feet high, 
branched, slightly downy in the younger branches. Leaves 
alternate ; generally erect and more or less appressed, on 
short reddish petioles, elliptic-lanceolate, glabrous, rigid, 
very obtuse, and callous at the tip, grooved or concave, 

and 



and smooth above, convex and longitudinally striated 
beneath. Flowers longer than the leaves, axillary, solitary, 
drooping, pointing to one side, on short bracteated stalks ; 
bracteas small, ovate, imbricated, larger upwards, and, as 
it were, gradually passing into the five leaves of the calyx. 
These last are slightly downy, ovato-lanceolate, erect. 
Corolla white or cream-colour, the segments of the limb 
spreading, rather acute. Stamens included. Capsule 
small, membranaceous, pale brown, included within the 
persistent calyx, bursting open between the dissepiments 
into nve valves, containing many chaffy seeds, and crowned 
with the lengthened red style and rather large capitate 
stigma. • ° r 



s&l'.SSffl^yS? With ' he 0m ^ m °^ sh °™s«* 



1776 




( 3776 ) 

Statice arborea. Gigantic Canary 
Thrift. 

******************* 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Pentagynia. 

( Nat. Old. PLUMBAGINEiE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Flores spicato-paniculati. Calyx l-phyllus, plicatus, 
subscariosus. Petala 5, subconnata. Stamina basi peta- 
lorum inserta. Utriculus 1-spermus, calyce inclusus. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Statice arborea; caule arborescente, foliis ovatis obtusis 
mucronatis basi angustatis, panicula composita termi- 
nal^ ramis paniculae alato-ancipitibus. R. et S. 

Statice arborea. Willd. Enum. I. p. 337. Roem. et Sch. 
v. 6. p. 797. Lindl. Bot. Reg. N. Ser. t. 6. 



This very handsome and showy plant flowered in the 
noble Conservatory of His Grace the Duke of Bedford, at 
Woburn, in May 1839, where the accompanying figure 
was made. It is exclusively an inhabitant, according to 
P. B. Webb, Esq., of a few rocks of Burgado on the coast 
of Teneriffe, and has been, by that gentleman, introduced 
to our gardens. Professor Lindley informs us, that there 
was " a specimen of this species exhibited at the London 
Horticultural Society, from the Nursery of Messrs. Luc- 
combe, Pince, and Co., six feet high, and covered with large 
clusters of flowers; for which a gold medal, an unusual 
mark of distinction, was awarded." It is too tender to 
bear constant exposure to the open air in this country. 

Descr. Stem truly woody, four to six feet high, and two 
to three inches in diameter, bearing above a crown of large 

oblong- 



oblong-ovate, petiolated, quite entire, very glaucous leaves; 
while the rest is marked with the scars arising from the 
fallen foliage of preceding years. Peduncles arising from 
the axils of the leaves, tall, angled, branching upwards 
into large, copiously-flowered panicles, with spreading or 
recurved, primary branches; the secondary ones secund, and, 
as well as the ultimate ones, on pedicels, broadly winged 
on both sides. Calyx large, spreading, purple. Petals 
nearly white, and forming a remarkable contrast with the 
coloured calyx. 



( 3777 ) 

Catasetum Russellianum. The Duke of 
Bedford's Catasetcm. 

********************** 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^:. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium saepius globosum, nunc explanatum. Sepala 
etpetala subaequalia. Labellum crassum, camosum, nudum, 
ventricosum v. explanatum, fimbriatum, sub apice saccatum 
obsolete trilobum. Columna erecta, aptera, libera, apice 
utrinque cirrhosa. Anthera subbilocularis, antice truncata. 
Pollinia 2, postice biloba v. sulcata, caudicula maxima 
nuda demuin elastice contractili, glandula cartilaginea 
subquadrata.— Herbae terrestres v. epiphytce, caulibus br em- 
bus fusiformibus vestigiis foliorum vestitis. Folia basi vagi- 
nantia, plicata. Scapi radicales. Flores speciosi, racemosi, 
virides, nunc purpureo-maculati. Lindl. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Catasetum Russellianum ; pseudo-bulbo elliptico magno, 
foliis lato-lanceolatis, racemo amplo, labello submem- 
branaceo antice inflato ore contracto margine anteriore 
producto undulato fimbriato disco membrana cristato, 
columna nuda (ecirrhosa.) 



This, together with the subject of the following plate, 
were the last Orchideous plants that were communicated to 
me from Woburn Abbey during the life of its late noble 
possessor. They were sent from the gardens on the same 
day that His Grace was attacked with his alarming illness, 
and ere they could reach me, the news had arrived of his 
lamented death. In him Science and the Arts have lost a 

steady 

VOL. XIII. n 



steady friend, and a munificent patron : and Botany and 
Horticulture in particular have seldom had a more devoted 
admirer. The Tribes of Plants, which, as is well known, 
have been especially cultivated and fostered by His Grace, 
are the Grasses, the Willows, the Heaths, the Pines, the 
Orchidea, and, above all, the Cactece ; in nearly the whole 
of these families the Woburn Collection has stood unri- 
valled. May his name long be perpetuated among the 
votaries of that Science which he so much delighted to 
honour in the present new and remarkable species of Cata- 
setum : a species indeed so distinct, that it can hardly be 
assimilated with any other yet known to us. It was sent by 
Mr. Skinner from Guatemala in 1838. 

Descr. Pseudo-bulb large, elliptical, greyish - green, 
transversely marked with rings, the traces of fallen leaves. 
Leaves, in our specimen, arising from the young and smaller 
bulb, about six, the lower ones small and almost abortive ; 
the larger ones about a foot long, broadly lanceolate, acute, 
many-nerved, tapering at the base, membranaceous. Ra- 
ceme ample, of numerous large, crowded, pale greenish- 
white flowers. Sepals and petals nearly uniform, but slight- 
ly spreading, concave, striated, ovate, acute. Lip large, 
very much inflated and below projecting forward (like the 
ip ot our Cypripedium Calceolus), of a thin, membranaceous 
texture almost transparent, striated with darker green :— 
the orifice is contracted, the margin much projecting for- 
ward and spreading, thin, almost white, waved and fimbri- 
ated : on the disk is a somewhat three-lobed, conspicuous, 
membranous crest, the lobes acute and a little toothed ; 
the middle one the longest. Column shorter than the 
perianth, broader and winged upwards, the apex, or clinan- 
arium acute (not acuminated), beneath which, in a hollow, 
the anther-case is situated : this is roundish, with a long, 
narrow acumen. Pollen-masses two, ovate, cleft, waxy, 
ueep yellow, attached to a very broad elastic stalk, which 
itself is situated upon a large, viscid gland. 



AmX'r L L i P a f £°!? mn ' • 2 ' U PP er P° rtion of the Column : front view. 3. 
the i SHltl/r! 5 - bu Pf 1 nor and inferior view of the Pollen-masses, with 
meir btalk and Gland : all more or less magnified 



( 3778 ) 

Epidendrum Parkinsonians. Mr. Par- 
kinson's Epidendrum. 

********************* 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide2e. ) 
Generic Character. 

Sepala patentia, subsequalia. Petala sepalis asqualia v. 
angustiora rarius latiora, patentia v. reflexa. Labellum cum 
marginibus columnaB omnino vel parte connatum, limbo 
integro vel diviso, disco saepius calloso, costato v. tubercu- 
lato ; nunc in calcar productum ovario accretum et cunicu- 
lum formans. Columna elongata ; clinandrio marginato 
saepe fimbriato. Anthera carnosa 2 — 4 locularis. Pollinia 
4, caudiculis totidem replicatis annexa. — Herbas (Ameri- 
cana) epiphyta, caule nunc apice v. basi pseudo-bulboso, 
nunc elongato apice folioso . Folia carnosa, rarissime venis 
elevatis striata. Plores spicati, racemosi, corymbosi vel 
paniculati, terminales vel laterales. Lindl. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Epidendrum Parkinsonianum ; caule ramoso parce folioso, 
foliis inferioribus lineari-lanceolatis obtusiusculis cras- 
sissimis superiore coriaceo longissime attenuato basi 
carinato dein arctissime complicate, floribus 2 — 3 ex 
axillo superiore bractea longe acuminata suffultis, 
petalisque conformibus lanceolatis acuminatis, labelli 
trilobi lobis lateralibus amplis semicordatis suberosis 
intermedio lineari-acuminato. 



One of the many beautiful Orchideous plants (and these 
are even far exceeded by the Cacte^;) for the possession of 
which His Grace the late Duke of Bedford was indebted to 
John Parkinson, Esq., F. L. S, a gentleman who spared no 

pains, 



pains, while holding the office of H. B. M. Consul General 
at Mexico, to enrich our gardens and herbaria with the 
choicest vegetable productions of that interesting region. 
This, the finest of the very line Genus Epidendrum, we 
wish to bear his name, in testimony of his botanical exer- 
tions, and we know that, could the late noble possessor of 
the gardens at Woburn express his mind, it would at once 
respond to our wishes and sanction its adoption. 

Descr. Stem elongated, rounded, branched, partially 
sheathed with a greyish, delicate membrane. Leaves three 
on our specimen : of which the lowest is a span or more 
long, in shape linear or oblong-lanceolate, remarkably 
thick, (one-fourth of an inch in thickness,) between fleshy 
and coriaceous, rather obtuse at the apex, on the upper 
side having a depressed, central line, and a fainter one of 
the kind on the underside. The middle leaf is a little 
longer than this, somewhat acuminated, the acumen cari- 
nated and grooved : the upper leaf is almost a foot and a 
half long, the base (for about four inches) deeply carinated, 
the rest with the sides closely complicated and tapering 
into a long and very narrow point. The base of this leaf 
gives rise to a large, membranous, sheathing bractea, and 
within this is a short stalk bearing two to three large and 
very handsome but scentless flowers, nearly four inches 
across. Sepals and petals similar, linear-lanceolate, much 
acuminated, spreading, dingy or brownish -green. Lip 
combined with the column, deeply three-lobed, orange, the 
lateral lobes half-cordate, slightly erose, the middle one 
longer than they, linear or lanceolate and acuminate. At 
the base of the lip are two conspicuous, parallel glands. 
The column is short, dilated upwards: the anther-case 
hemispherical, four-celled. Pollen-masses four, flattened, 
each doubled upon its own short stalk. 



Fig. 1., Column, from which the free portion of the lip is removed, just 
above the two glands. 2. Anther-case. 3. Pollen-masses :— magnified. 



( 3779 ) 
Gelasine azljrea. Azure Gelasine. 

&. .*V. fa A't .St'- ■St'- &- ,'SL*'. .Sfr'i .St / . .*i / . .Sfr ■Si', .'i'l .Si'i .SR .^ ■ v l / . A', &. -St'. 
MS MS VIS MS MS MS MS MS MS MS MS MS VIS MS MS VIS MS VJS /£• MS MS 

C/«ss awe? Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Iridace^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium limbo regulari subasquali semipatente basi 
aiuiulato ; Jilamenta inouadeipha partibilia; antherte in cy- 
lindro sessiles erectae latera versus dehiscentes ; stylus fili- 
formis stigmate trilobo ; capsula obovata trivalvis superne 
suturis semidehiscens ; semina angularia superne truncata 
infra attenuata ; pollen miuutum oblongo-ovale ; folia pli- 
cata. W. H. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Gelasine azurea ; foliis sesqui- bi-pedalibus (vel ultra) un- 
ciam (vel infra) latis viridibus acutis, bracteis quatuor 
caulem bipedalem axillarem arete amplexis2 — 4-unci- 
alibus (e quibus una foliiformiter acuminata) spathd 
sesquiunciali pluriflora. pedunculis bracteatis breviore, 
perianthio ultra ^|-unc. annulo ad basin albo laciniis 
saturate azureis macula inferne alba nigro circum- 
punctata, antheris superne sensim minoribus, stigmate 
breviter trilobo^ bulbo elongate ovato tunica mem bra - 
uacea brunnea. W. H. 



A bulb of this plant flowered in the spring of 1838 in the green- 
house at Spoffbrth, and ripened its seed, having been sent there by 
J. W. Boott Esq. from Boston in North America, where it had been 
received from the Banda Oriental. Specimens occur amongst Twee- 
die's plants, in the Herbarium of Sir W. J. Hooker, gathered in the 
Banda Oriental and stony places near Rio Grande. The seedlings grow 
rapidly, and will probably flower at a year and a half old, and promise 
to be hardy with the protection of few leaves, and to retain their foliage 
in part at least through the winter. In the greenhouse the leaves con- 
tinue growing throughout the winter, and, the stalk proceeding as in 
Phalocallis and Cypella from the axil of the outer leaf, the vegeta- 
tion of the plant does not terminate necessarily with the inflorescence. 
The capsule is obovate, gaping at the upper part of the sutures ; the 
seeds angular, flat at the top, attenuated at the base. Blue or violet 
appears to be the prevailing colour of the Genus, which is closely allied 

to 



to Nemostylis of Nuttall, Flora of Arkansas, in Amer. Phil. Trans., 
read 1834 p. 157 « Cor. hexapetala patens, tubo nullo, laciniis suba>- 
quahbus stamina libera stigmata 6 filiformia, capsula oblonga truncata, 
radix bulbosa folia ensiformia plicate ; caulis uni- aut pauci-florus, flores 
geimnati spatha bivalvis." Under the above character he unites Ixia 
acuta of Barton, under the name of N. geminiflora, which has roundish 
seeds, with Ixia c^es^a of Bartram which he states to have angular 
T T' The 11 name fl ac ^ must be preferred to gemmiflora, for the plant 

vJ P rT V nfl fl ° r0US ' ? nd CmleStma > whlC ^ he calls one-flowered, 
vanes with a two-flowered stalk, as in Bartram's drawing at Mr 

irtTrB 8 /^ TAI f l ate \ m the Chamcter that the figments are 

of tL P. ESS f \ S> tha J th0Se 0f «*"> which I consid er the type 

fv^l t ' T T\ ed J l the base ' Nemostylis is named from the 

furS "[J ^ blfid J- with fiHform lobes - If ^at feature did not 

imitPd To T S u eV f dlStinctl0n > the n ame Nemostylis, which is 

pec mens irus7°hf ' ^T^' ** su P^eded. Perfect 'and fresh 

f™ mUSt b 1 e examined, to ascertain whether calestina differing 

bom acuta in seed is a genuine species of Nemostylis g 

Sir W J Ho 1 !? SP ' deS ? f S EL . ASlNE ™ described from specimens in 
or. HooKER s nch Herbarium. 

Ant ^P^^r^T^ Var ' L p™™p*; spec. Mathews (n. 784) 
^Sb^S^SiS^-,. Ca t ultra Pedali, bracteisfoUiformibu 

sZSt IS P k aCUtlS Subsemi ^eiam latis, ramulis 1-2 

^Sfl^^SS^ P eduncalis ^teatis spatham biuncialem 
viol^ ieSbuTut^ lZT hUS ' fl ° ribUS m ° dlciS SUCCeSSiviS 

spalha'ieSar VTcteis^^^ e ° dem - loC °- Caule 6™*™. 
sLlibus, floras ^aSs^W angUStl ° nbUS *~* ~ ** 

p4ePemS^7^'nJ^i/ 0m ^ (n ' 57) ex collibus Pe ruvia, 

tepee et m C C pSficrfnitr^ Pl ^ ^ 79 -) inter Tebuan " 
circiter 15-unciahbus V1 x ^ f 0a f cana m - Aug. lectum. Foliis 

tl^formibusSf^S braCt f 1-2-superionbus spa- 

simplicibus erectis aSlEnh I S racile m amplexis, ramulis 1—2 

altera breviore nednn-l ' ^^ drC - U-uncialibus acutis valva 
secundum Xrf„^ MSS SU f erantlbuS ' P erianthl ° subsemunciali et 
n '^ MSS - vl °laceo-punctato. Capsula obovata. 

T^Gnt / BeriV ' 9daSinUS ' a SmiUn9 dimple - } Spenes dvbi «' 
prope Monte W VkW P nr : ^^ ex P lani ^ anda prope Maldonado, et 
bulbo parvulo ovato Tw" ^ ks > a " tu ™ale foliis nondum exortis, 
tenui, Ctea infcL ^ - pedlS alt « "P 6 ^- Caule dodrantali 
spathajformibus a l * m Pk*"»uli acumine filiformi, superioribus 
citer ^ unc Lan i • pauciflons composite, perianthio oeruleo cir- 
anthens basi 1^ ^^jS"^!** (^mentis in sicco liberis) 

obovata, seminibusanguaHbi 1 ^ 1 **{?** breviter tril ° b °' CapSuia 
uc auguiarious inira valde attenuate. 



infra valde attenuatis. 

6.? 



6, 1 G. Texana; spec. Drummond ex Galveston Bay, Texas, Coll. 
3 (n. 415) Nem. acutce affinis. Foliis sesquipedalibus circ. T \ una vel 
infra latis, bracteis (inferiore foliiformi ramulum nudum aliquando brac- 
teatum amplexa, superiore breviore) caulem (ramulis nudis eequifurca- 
tum) superantibus, spathis circiter sesquiuncialibus acutis bifloris pedun- 
culos subsequantibus, perianthio cseruleo sequali unciali, antheris stigma 
tenuiter et suberecte (ni fallor in si ceo) trilobum superantibus. Fila- 
menta in sicco libera. 

Nemostylis; Nuttall. (Quoad in sicco vidi.) Perianthium limbo 
regulari subsequali patente basi coh&Teix's, ; filamenta libera vel basi con- 
nata; stylus tenuis stigmate trilobo lobis tenuiter bifidis ; anther ce basi 
affixse suberectse ; capsula oblonga operculo modico dehiscens ; semina 
subangularia rugosa basi attenuata ; folia plicata. — Filamenta cylindra- 
cee connata incertum esse generis inter Iridaceas indicium monet Ixia 
monadelpha, certe Ixia et vix aliter inter species dignoscenda. 

1. N. acuta. Ixia acuta ; Barton. N. geminifiora ; Nuttall. Pe- 
rianthio conformi acuto. Nomen a ve'/xw distribuo et qvKog stylus. 

Species dubice. 

2. ? N. purpurea : V. 1. major, spec. Drummond, Texas Coll. 2. 
(n. 260). Caule bipedali vel ultra, bracteis binis foliiformibus ramulos 
suberectos (inferiorem subpedalem medio bracteatum, superiorem sub- 
sexuncialem nudum) tertia biunciali acuminata furcam subsexuncialem 
aequalem amplexis, spatha biflora sesquiunciali acuminata (valva ex- 
terna breviore) pedunculos superante, perianthio (in sicco purpureo) 
sepalis latioribusobtusis, capsula ultra f unc. longa \ lata, seminibus 
subfuscis rugosis raphe ad basim attenuata. 

V. 2. minor ; spec. Drummond Texas Coll. 3. 413 ; inter Brazoziam 
et S. Philippum lectum. Caule simplici vel furcato, bracteis foliiformi- 
bus angustioribus sterilibus. 

3. ] N. ccelestina, var. tenuis. Hartweg Zacatecas Mexic. (n. 229). 
Foliis tenuibus caulem subsequantibus vel superantibus, bractea in caule 
medio foliiformi spatham subuncialem (valva externa breviore) superante, 
perianthio caeruleo \% — J-i- longo sepalis latioribus obtusioribus. — 
Ccelestince Caroliniance (Ixia, Bartram) caulis 1- (rard 2-) fiorus est 
perianthio obtuso. 

Alophia ; Herbert. Perianthium dispar ut in Cypelld; stylus trique- 
ter superne sensim incrassatus; stigma trilobum lobis bifidis subulatis 
recurvis ; filamenta brevia erecta (ipse non vidi); anther ce (stio-matis 
lobis oppositae ?•) basi affixoe loculis latera versus dehiscentibus connec- 
tive media parte angustiore summa latiore; folia plicata. Nomen aba 
non et XoQog crista. 

1. A. Drummondiana. Cypella Drummondi, Graham, Ed. N. Ph. 
Journ., 1836, spec. Drummond, Rio Brazos (n. 68) et (v. minor forsan) 
San Felipe, 3. 414. Caule tereti simplici bifloro, foliis angustis, pedun- 
culo apice curvato, perianthio laminis violaceis unguibus luteis purpureo- 
et brunneo-punctatis, sepalis dimidio petala superantibus obcordatis 
medio pubescentibus, petalis naviculatis medio compressis, capsula 
oblonga breviter operculata. 

Trifurcia ; Herbert. Perianthium valde dispar; filamenta cylindra- 
cee connata; stylus tenuis; stigma divaricate trilobum lobis tenuiter sub- 
ulatis superne divaricate bifidis ; antherce obtuse subulatee in cylindro 
sessiles divaricate stigmatis lobis agglutinatae et fissurte oppositee ; folia 
plicata. Nomen a stylo trifurcato. 

1. T. 



1. T. ccsrulea. . Foliis angustis circiter 5-uncialibus viridibus, scapo 
3—4 unciali, spatha pedunculos sequante, germine erecto, sepalis acu- 
minate obovatis lamina f unc. lata violacea macula inferne saturatiore 
triangulari ungue albo violaceo-punctato, petalis parvulis acutis violaceis 
macula inferne oblonga acuta saturatiore, genitalibus lutescentibus, cap- 
sula oblonga operculo dehiscente. Species Texana a Drummond lecta 
floruit Spofforthiae. Genus Herbertice affine. 

Beatonia. Herbert. Perianthium valde dispar fere ut in Tigri- 
dia ; fihmenta cylindracee connata; anther m obtuse subulatee subincur- 
vate diyaricatae stigmatis lobis alternantes; stylus tenuis ; stigma trilobum 
lobis bifidis subulatis incurvatis; (caulis quoad vidi, extrafoliaceus) folia 
plicata. 

B purpurea. Caulem simplicem 5-uncialem bractea libera ad basim 
amplexa, bractea semifoliacea in caule superne sita, spatha 2£-unciali 
(valva externa breviore) pedunculos vix sequante, germine recto, peri- 
anthio laminis roseo-purpureis unguibus crateriformibus albis roseo- 
purpureo-punctatis, sepalis oblongo-obovatis macula ad lamina? basim 
saturata medio alba punctata, petalis lamina acuta minore deflexa apice 
resurgente.— Floruit apud dom. T. Harris ex ditione Mexicana allata, 
curante hortulano perito D. Beaton. Vivam inspexi. 

Amaryllidace^e. 
Cyrtanthus Smithianus. Cyrtanthus Smithies. Watt, MSS. Bulbo 
oyato modico folns angustis erectis viridibus acutis glabris spiralibus 
circiter dodrantahbus, scapo bifloro, spatha bivalvi pedunculos inEequales 
aequante, germine ovali, perianthio circiter 4-unciali albo sexstriato striis 
latis laete roseis, tubo mcurvato inferne tenui superne subventricoso, 
stigmate trifido tubum superante, filamentis petalinis tubum superantibus 
parti superior! sepahms brevioribus medio regionis subventricoso adna- 
tis. A domina Smith m Caffraria lectus. Bulbi a dominis Watt et 
Harvey missi nondum in Europa floruerunt. Flos ex tabula picta de- 
scriptus ad Gastronema vergit ideoque accuratius investigandus est. 

Habranthus Cearensis. Spec. Gardner (n. 1858) in sylvis siccis 
apertis Ceara Braziliensis m. Nov. lectum. Scapo unifloro tenui 4-5- 
unc. spatha apice biloba, pedunculo unciali vel ultra breviore, germine 
paryulo perianthio sesquiunciali (in sicco pallide rubescente) Folia 
hysteranthiaignota; filamenta tria longiora stigma vix superantia. 
h»u Y l INE '- l Herbert ' 7 Perianthium verticale laciniis angustis extu- 
batum basi integrum 'filamenta cum stylo tenuia; germen oblongum rec- 
tum; ovula in capsula immatura oblonga (ut videtur, superne foliaceo- 
alatal)>/zanonvaginantia, plana. Genus Crino affine. N. ab«v\vi sylva. 
«i;„ ia r aUa ' ^° lia sub P edal ia viridia glabra utrinque attenuata, 

scapus 14-unciahs, spatha bivalvis bracteata circiter triflofa pedunculos 
circiter unciales superans, germen §-unc. limbus albus laciniis angustis 
b-uncialibus stigma minutum obtusum superantibus.-Spec. in lylvis 
s ccis Cearas Braziliensis a Geo. Gardner lectum. Bulbus ovatus modi- 
cus vomitonus et catharticus nondum in Europa floruit. W. H. 

The attention of Collectors should be called to a fine Tigridia-like 
plant, perhaps z-Rigidella, found by Andrieux near the ice-house on 
the summit of the mountain San Felipe, in Oaxaca. W. H. 

6 ^J^nSr^ V UterSe P al - 3 " Pistil and Stamens. 4. Pollen. 5. Style. 
b. Capsule, and f. 7, Seeds, nat. size :-the rest more or less magnified. 



( 3780 ) 

CoB^EA MACROSTEMA. LoNG-STAMENED 
CoBiEA. 

A'i A/, A'i A', .-I'. A'. A', A'. A', .^fr". A'. A\ A/. A'. A'. A'- As. As, As, A' , 

•/JS. '/ft VX* VJs VJ.' "/^ "VJ." VJV Tjy' Vf>' VJ/ VJV ">IS. V{n VJS VJ. Vis VJ» VJ\ '/^ 

C7«ss arcd Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Polemoniace^e. — Cob^eacejE. Don. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cat. 5-partitus amplus. Cor. subcampanulata, limbo 5- 
lobo. Stigma 3-fidum. Caps. 3-valvis dissepirnento tri- 
quetro, angulis valvae adversis. Semina biseriata. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

CoBiEA * macrostema ; foliolis obovatis basi ciliatis calycis 
segmentis lanceolatis ciliatis,, corolla subhypocrateri- 
formi segmentis acutis nervosis, staminibus styloque 
longissime exsertis. 

Cob^ea macrostema. Pavon MSS. (fide Don.) 

Cob^ea lutea. Don, in Ed. Phil. Journ. 1824. p. 112. 

Cob^ea acuminata. De Cand. 



Among some seeds which Mr. Skinner had been so kind 
as to send me from Guatemala in the spring of the present 
year (1839), were those of the most interesting plant here 
figured. The seedlings grew during the summer and 
autumn with considerable vigour : but it was not till No- 
vember of the same year that they produced blossoms, 
which, no less than the leaves, proclaimed the plant to be a 
Cob;ea, not, indeed altogether new to our Herbaria (though 
there 1 believe of very rare occurrence : but new to our 
greenhouses and conservatories, where, and probably in the 
open air, it promises to be as valuable a climber as the 

well- 



* See Bot. Mag. t. 851, for an explanation of the name. 



well-known C. scandens. Mr. Don gives it as a native of 
Guayaquil *, through which country, we believe, Mr. Skin- 
ner had recently passed previously to his despatching our 
box of treasures from Guatemala ; so that probably that 
gentleman, ever on the alert to collect plants that may be 
useful to us, there gathered these seeds. The flowers bear 
a considerable resemblance to those of Periphragmos. 

Descr. Stems climbing, several feet long, and much 
branched, angular, glabrous. Leaves alternate, each con- 
sisting of three pairs of obovate, shortly petiolated nearly 
opposite leaflets, the base somewhat unequally two-lobed, 
so that the shape is almost panduriform, the lower margin 
fringed with long, delicate hairs, the rest with extremely 
short and minute hairs scarcely visible to the naked eye : 
elsewhere the leaflets are glabrous ; the apex of the young 
leaflets comes to a sharp, recurved point, that of the older 
ones is obtuse ; the lowest pair is so close to the base of the 
petiole, as to resemble stipules ; the petiole itself terminates 
in a much branched, slender, very spiral tendril. From the 
axil of a leaf arises a flower-branch bearing two nearly oppo- 
site leaves, and from between these along, decurved pedun- 
cle supporting a single flower. Calyx in five, deep, spread- 
ing, broadly-lanceolate segments, the margins recurved 
and ciliated with long, slender hairs. Corolla nearly two 
inches long, yellow -green. The tube rather long and 
straight, the limb of five spreading, acute, nerved lobes. 
Namens with their filaments arising from the very base of 
the corolla, at their origin very hairy, more than twice as 
long as the corolla, moderately inclined to one side, and 
curved upwards, yellow-green below, upwards reddish : 
Anthers linear-oblong, versatile. Style as long as the 
stamens : Stigmas three, long, slender, twisted. 



mfo™ ™ i ! fu V L e W , as P 1 " 1 ^ -Professor Don has been so kind as to 
nanTo? V 1S haS been latel y described by De Candolle under the 

d^rinlA U l U m ™ a f a v ^d that he has reason to think that the plant 
descnbed by him (Mr. Don) came from Mexico, rather than from Guay- 



3781 




( 3781 ) 

BoUVARDIA SPLENDENS. SPLENDID 
BOUVARDIA. 

********************* 

Class and Order. 
Tetrandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Rubiace^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cal. tubus globosus, limbus 4-partitus, lobis lineari-subu- 
latis, deutibus interdum interjectis. Cor. infundibuliformis 
tubulosa elongata extus velutino-papillosa, fauce nuda, 
limbo 4-partito patente brevi. Staminum Jilamenta tubo 
inferne adnata a medio circiter libera, antherce lineares 
inclusaB. Stigma bilamellatum, exsertum. Ovarii pars 
superior nuda. Capsula membranacea globoso-compressa 
bilocularis loculicido-dehiscens, valvis semiseptiferis. Pla- 
centae orbiculares. Semina in quoque loculo plnrima com- 
pressa, deorsim (ex icon. Salisb.) seu sursum (ex icon. 
Cavan.) imbricata,ala membranacea cincta. — Frutices Mex- 
icani. Folia opposita aut verticillata. Stipulae angusta 
acuta petiolis utriusque adnata. Pedunculi terminates tri- 
fiori aut trichotomi corymbosi. D C. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Bouvardia * splendens ; foliis ternis raro oppositis lanceo- 
latis acuminatis utrinque scabris, stipulis laciniato- 
subulatis ; ramis trigonis subglabris, stylo exserto; 
corollas tubo intus barbato. 



There is no doubt great similarity between this and the 
triphylla of Botanical Magazine, but its freer growth, the 

much 



* So named by Mr. Salisbury in honor of Charles Bouvard, M. D. 
formerly Superintendent of the Botanic Garden at Paris. 



much greater splendour of its vermillion colour, the nar- 
rower, more lanceolate, more acuminate, more scabrous 
leaves, the greater length of its stipules, and its exserted 
style, seem to justify the separation of it from any variety of 
that species. It was obtained from the Chiswick Gardens 
by Mr. James M'Nab, in September, 1838, and flowered 
very freely in the greenhouse of the garden of the Caledo- 
nian Horticultural Society in July and August. Mr. J. 
M'Nab does not know whence it was introduced. He has 
made many attempts, always unsuccessful, to propagate it 
by cuttings of the branches, but has found it very easily 
increased by slips from the roots not half an inch long, 
and covered so as to leave the upper extremities only ex- 
posed and level with the surface. He has distributed many 
plants obtained in this way under the name which I have 
adopted. There is scarcely any thing in cultivation more 
brilliant than a large specimen covered with clusters of its 
most splendid flowers. The seeds are formed and will pro- 
bably ripen. 

Descr. Shrub with long, slender, diffuse branches, gray 
ana! cracked when matured, when young trigonous, sub- 
glabrous, coloured on the upper side, green on the lower. 
Stipules subulate, occasionally cut, elongated, adpressed. 
Leaves ternate, rarely opposite, lanceolate, acuminate, 
strongly veined, scabrous on both sides, bright green above, 
pale below. Corymb terminal, with three lateral branches 
and a leading stalk, which is once or oftener divided in a 
similar way. Calyx green, slightly scabrous ; tube adher- 
ent; limb tour-parted, segments subulate, diverging towards 
the apex and having minute, intervening teeth at the base. 
corolla of uniform very bright vermillion colour, acquiring 
a taint lake tint, slightly scabrous ; tube of equal diameter 
above and below, bluntly four-angled, nearly five times 
longer than the calyx, bearded near its base within ; limb 
lour-parted segments ovate, spreading, subacute. Stamens 
tour, included ; anthers sessile, attached by their middle to 
me corolla, at about three-fourths of its height, pollen 
V i°.Y" J? tl Z ma blfid ' fle shy, glandular, segments oblong, 
slightly divaricated at the apex. Style central, filiform, 
glabrous exserted at the apex. Germen inferior, bilocular, 
snortly elliptical, or obovate, compressed ; placenta large, 
central ; ovules numerous, imbricated, winged all round, 
resembling concave scales. Graham. 



rZ?'22\ COX i ll % ltdd , ° pen - 2 - Cal y x and Pistil. 3. Branchlet of Fruit 
(nat. size). 4. Capsule, magnified. 



( 3782 ) 

Brassavola cordata. Heart-lipped 
Brassavola. 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — OrchidejE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala et petala subaequalia, libera, acuminata. Label- 
lum cucullatum, integrum, columnam involvens. Columna 
marginata, clavata, stigmate infundibulari, clinandrio pos- 
tice tridentato. Pollinia 8, subaequalia, quibusdam aliis 
parvis interjectis. Anthera 4-locularis, septis marginatis, 
loculis semibipartitis.— Herbae caulescentes , epiphyte, apice 
folium v. alterum, semicylindraceum, carnosum, supra sul- 
catum, apice subulatum, gerentes. Flores terminates, 
magni, speciosi. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Brassavola cordata; labello cordato-acuminato longitu- 
dine unguiSi petalis sepalisque lineanbus acuminata 
glabris, dentibus omnibus clinandrii integemmis, cau- 
libus basi nodosis. 

Brassavola cordata. Lindl. Bot. Reg. t. iyi4. 



A species, introduced from Brazil by Messrs. Loddiges 
according: to Professor Lindley : but our plants were re- 
ceived by Mr. Murray from Mr. Thomas Cowan, Over- 
seer on the White River Estate, Jamaica :— so that the 
species would seem to have a widely extended range It 
is very closely allied to B. nodosa, (Bot. Mag. t. 3229,) a 
species from which Dr. Lindley distinguishes it by the 
nowers being only half the size, with a cordate labellum, 
and a very different cliuandrium ; but these are probably 
J variable 



variable characters. The B. nodosa, figured in the Bota- 
nical Register, t. 1465, is a specimen with unusually large 
flowers. 

Descr. This plant has a sort of creeping and branching 
caudex, from which arise several short, rounded, striated 
and jointed stems, clothed with membranous sheaths singu- 
larly swollen at the base, each bearing at the apex a lon^ 
thick, semiterete, fleshy, subulate, pungent leaf, six inches 
to a foot in length, with a deep groove on the anterior side. 
From the base of this groove, and from the top of the stem, 
appears a short peduncle, bearing three or four moderately 
large, drooping flowers. Sepals and petals uniform, linear- 
acuminate spreading, pale green. Lip cordate, acuminate, 
waved, white, suddenly contracted into a greenish claw 
equal in length with the lamina, and which completely en- 
tolds and conceals the short column. Column semiterete, 
greenish-white, having at the apex three large, entire teeth, 
two ot them lateral and one dorsal, extending much beyond 
the anther, which is thus concealed. Anther-case hemi- 
spherical, eight-celled, containing two pairs of yellow 
pollen-masses. or j 

An^rL L p ip *5 2 pJ ideVieW ° ftheColuran - 3. Front view of ditto. 4. 
Antner-case. 5. Pollen-masses '.—magnified. 



' 1 




I 



( 3783 ) 

Phlogacanthus curviflorus. Curved- 
flowered Phlogacanthus. 

********************** 

Class and Order. 

DlANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Acanthace^:. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-partitus, aequalis. Cor. oblique bilabiata, labio 
superiore latiore et longiore bifido., inferiore trifido; tubo 
trigono. Stam. 2. Antherce bilocellatae, locellis parallelis 
contiguis demum hastato-divergentibus muticis. Stami- 
num duoruin sterilium rudimenta exilia in quibusdam ob- 
servantur. Stigma simplex, acutum. Capsida compressa, 
bilocularis, loculis superius tetraspermis. Retinacula sem- 
inibus subjecta. — Inflorescentia : racemus terminalis v. late- 
ralis, simplex v. triplex, spiciformis, floribus verticillato- 
quaternis, bractea bracteolisque binis conformibus anguslatis 
elongatis. Corolla speciosa, lutea aut fulva. Folia supra 
minute papulosa. Nees. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Phlogacanthus* curviflorus; caule erecto quadrangulari 
striguloso-tomentoso, foliis amplis ellipticis utrinque 
acutis repando-dentatis glabris, corolla elongata. Nees 
in Wall. PL Asiat. Rar. v. 3. p. 99. 

Justicia curviflora. Wall. PI. Asiat. Rar. v. 2. p. 9. t. 112. 
Wall. Cat. n. 2429. a. b. 



Dr. Wallich communicated living plants of this fine 
plant, which Nees von Esenbeck justly characterizes as 

" Speciosi 



* So named by Professor Nees von Esenbeck, from (pXo|, aflame, and 
****&><:, Acanthus, the type of this family; on account of the long spike of 
yellow or flame- coloured flowers. 

VOL. XIII. ° 



" Speciosi generis planta speciosissima," to the noble Col- 
lection at Woburn, where they flowered in November, 
1839, when Mr. Forbes kindly communicated to me the 
specimen here represented. It inhabits the mountains 
bordering on Sylhet, and was thence introduced by Mr. 
De Silva to the Calcutta Botanic Garden, where it flowers 
at nearly the same season as in the stove in our country. 

Descr. The plant forms a Shrub of from four to six 
feet high, branched, the branches obsoletely quadrangular, 
downy. Leaves opposite, large, eight to ten inches and 
even a foot or more in length, petiolated, elliptical, acute 
at both extremities, entire, or sometimes obsoletely crenat- 
ed, glabrous, with the midrib (which is reddish as well as 
the young branches) prominent beneath. Floral leaves, or 
bracteas, resembling these but infinitely smaller, scarcely an 
inch long, soon deciduous. Raceme erect, terminal, com- 
pound, almost a compact thyrsus, six to eight inches long. 
Pedicels short. Calyx hairy, ovate, cut into five equal, 
linear-lanceolate, erect segments. Corolla reddish-yellow, 
villous or downy ; the tube very long, curved, the limb 
two-lipped : upper lip ascending, bifid ; lower patent, with 
three lanceolate lobes. Stamens two, perfect, and the rudi- 
ments of two others. Filaments glabrous, a little exserted. 
Anthers linear-oblong. Germen ovato-oblon«\ Style in- 
cluded. ° * 



Fig. 1. Portion of the Corolla, with the Stamens. 2. Calyx and Pistil. 
a. Uvary :— magnified. 



( 3784 ) 

Lobelia heterophylla. Various-leaved 

Lobelia. 

******************* 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogvnia. 

( Nat. Ord. — LobeliaceuE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cor. tubo hinc fisso (raro integro) ; limbo 5-partito. An- 
therce connatae. Stigma bilobum (nunc indivisum). Cap- 
sula bilocularis (raro trilocularis), apice supero bivalvi. Br. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Lobelia heterophylla; glabriuscula, caule angulato sim- 
plici, racemo secundo, foliis crassiusculis, inferioribus 
dentato-pinnatifidis, superioribus-lanceolatis integer- 
rimis, corollas labii inferioris lacinia media obcordata, 
lateralibus dimidiatis. 

Lobelia heterophylla. Labill. Nov. Holl. v. \.p. 52. t. 74. 
Br. Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl. p. 564. Lindl. Bot. Reg. t. 
2014. 



A species of great beauty, from the very brilliant colour 
of the flowers. The Glasgow Botanic Garden owes the 
possession of the plant to Mr. Lowe of the Clapton Nursery. 
The blossoms, we allow, are not so large as those repre- 
sented in the Botanical Register; but they are equally 
large with those of the specimens sent to us from Edin- 
burgh, and with those figured by Labillardiere from native 
specimens. The species inhabits the southern extremity of 
New Holland and of Van Diemen's Land. With us, in the 
greenhouse, it flowers in the autumnal months. 

Descr. Herbaceous and nearly glabrous ; below more 
or less downy, erect, branched, one to two feet high. Leaves 

very 



very variable in different parts of the stem : the lower ones 
more or less pinnatifid, with few, linear-oblong segments, 
some of them again divided or incised, which, however, is 
by no means the case in all our specimens : the upper ones 
gradually more entire, and at length altogether linear-lan- 
ceolate. The flowers form lax, terminal racemes : the 
pedicels are slender. The calyx-tube is cylindrical, taper- 
ing at the base : the teeth as long as the tube of the corolla, 
subulate, straight. Corolla brilliant, purplish-blue : the 
upper lip of two small, reflexed, subulate, hairy teeth ; 
lower of three large lobes, of which the middle lobe is much 
the largest, obcordate : the lateral ones spreading, dimidi- 
ato-obovate. Anthers included, all of them bearded. 



Fig, 1. Flower: — magnified. 



( 3785 ) 

Lilium speciosum ; albiflorum. Crimson 
Japan Lily; white-flowered var. 

********************* 

Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Liliace^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium campanulatum, 6-sepalum, regulare, sulcis 
nectariferis in sepalis. Capsula 6-sulca, valvis reticulo 
fibroso connexis. Semina compressa. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Lilium speciosum ; caule erecto ramoso glabro, foliis spar- 
sis ovato-oblongis nervosis petiolatis, ramis unifloris, 
flore cernuo reflexo, corollis revolutis intus papilloso- 
barbatis. ee Morren Notice sur un Lis du Japon, p. 2." 

(«.) Kcempferi; flore pulcherrime roseo. 

Lilium speciosum. Thunb. in Linn. Trans, v. 2. p.JU. 
« Siebold FL Jap. cum lc." Lindl. Bot. Reg. t. ZVW 

Kasbiako vulgo KonokkWuri. Kampf. Amam. 871. 
Banks, lc. Kcempf. *. 47. 

(3.) Tametomo; flore albo, papillis roseis. (Iab. nostr. 

3785.) 



Not having had the opportunity of seeing the Flora 
Japonica of Dr. Siebold, I gladly take advantage of an 
extract from that work relating to this plant, given by Pro- 
fessor Lindley under Lilium Thunbergianum in Bot. Reg. 
1839 t 38 " Among more than twenty kinds ot L.ny 
brought bv me/' says Dr. Siebold, " from Japan to Europe, 
and deposited in the Botanic Garden of Ghent, are two vari- 
eties of L. speciosum. To that with flowers rose-coloured, 
blotched with purple, I give the name of L. speciosum 
r Kampferi, 



Kampferi, because it was the indefatigable Botanist Kjemp- 
fer who first made it known to Europeans. For the 
seconds with pure white flowers, 1 preserve the Japanese 
name Tametomo, which it bears in its own country, in 
consequence of its having been first brought by that hero 
from the Loo Choo islands, as the Japanese assert. The 
beauty and fragrance of the flowers of these two kinds rank 
them amongst the most magnificent of their Genus." — 
" The variety Tametomo, although it has pleased some 
Botanists to make a peculiar species of it, under Ihe name 
of L. eximiwm, differs, nevertheless, only in its flowers being 
quite white, and the leaves rather more distinctly stalked. 
According to some of the Japanese Botanists, it is found 
wild, not only in the Loo Choo islands, but in the North of 
Japan ; but it has, perhaps, been confounded with L. Japo- 
nicum, which is often wild in those countries." 

Our variety is undoubtedly the Tametomo of the Japan- 
ese. I was much struck with its beauty and fragrance in 
the dining room of W. Wells, Esq., of Redleaf, Kent, 
where it was standing at the window. At my request, Mr. 
Wells most obligingly allowed the flowering portion to 
be taken and sent to Glasgow to be figured. It is consid- 
ered a half-hardy bulb, and when more plentiful, it may be 
found advisable to try it in the open air. It is treated 
by Mr. Wells's gardener in the same manner as the larger 
Cape bulbs. 



( 3786 ) 

GONOLOBUS HISPIDUS. HlSPID GoNOLOBUS. 

********************* 

Class and Order. 

Pentandria Digynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Asclepiade^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cor. subrotata, 5-partita. Corona staminea scutellifor- 
mis lobata. Anther w transversim dehiscentes, membrana 
terminate. Massce pollinis extremitati exteriori respectu 
loculi aflSxae, stigmate tectae. Stigma planiusculo-depres- 
sum. FoZZjcm^' ventricosi, subcostati. Semina comosa. Br. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Gonolobus * hispidus ; foliis cordato-ovatis acutis nervis 
caule petiolis pedunculisque hispidissimo-hirsutis, flo- 
ribus umbellatis, corollis coriaceis, intus basi tubercu- 

Gonolobus hispidus. Hook, et Am. Contrib. towards S. 
Am. Bot. in Hook. Bot. Journ. t. 295. 



This singular asclepiadeous plant, no less remarkable for 
its dark, lurid-purple-coloured flowers, of a peculiarly thick 
and coriaceous texture, than for its powerful fragrance resem- 
bling more that of freshly ground roasted peas, but highly 
concentrated, than any thing else to which we can compare 
it, is a native of dry situations among withered grass at 
Entre Rios, South Brazil, and was sent by Mr. Tweedii s to 
theGlasnevin Botanic Garden in 1837. In July, 1839 Mr. 
Moore communicated the fine flowering specimen from 
which the accompanying figure is taken, and observes upon 

it, 



* From y «„«, an angle, and XoCo, a pod; from the ribs or angles of the 
elongated fruit. 



it, " It is a half-herbaceous plant, and I should think will 
stand the winter of this climate (Dublin) if placed at the 
bottom of a sheltered wall, and if so, it will be a particu- 
larly desirable plant, its very dark, glossy flowers contrast- 
ing singularly with the gayer colours of others that may be 
placed near it. The main stem is now four feet high, and 
covered with these blossoms." 

Descr. Stem suberect, scarcely climbing, yet weak, 
terete, clothed, as are the petioles and peduncles and the 
nerves and margins of the leaves, with long, rather soft, 
patent, and somewhat tawny hairs. Leaves on petioles 
about an inch long, cordato-ovate, membranaceous, acute. 
Peduncles axillary, hardly so long as the petioles, bearing 
an umbel of five to ten flowers, bracteated at the base. 
Pedicels scarcely an inch long, thick. Calyx with five 
acute lobes. Corolla rotate, very concave, singularly thick 
and leathery, dark, glossy brown-purple, at the base within 
beset with small raised points : lobes broadly ovate, acute, 
quite glabrous. Nectary of five, erect, dark purple, fleshy, 
bifid scales, from the base of the corolla. Within this 
are the five stamens, united into a very short, thick stipes. 
Between the anthers are two small, diverging lobes or seg- 
ments. Retinaculum brown. Pollen -masses yellow. Pis- 
tils two. Germens broadly ovate, rough. 



Fig. 1. Portion of the Corolla. 2. Nectary and Stamens. 3. Stamens. 
4. Pollen-masses. 5. Pistil : — magnified. 



( 3787 ) 

Gesneria cochlearis. Spoon-leaved 
Gesneria. 

******************** 

Class and Order. 

DlDYNAMlA ANGIOSPERMIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Gesneriace;e. ) 
Generic Character. 






Cal. 5-partitus, (plerumque germini adnatus). Cor. tu- 
buloso-campanulata, limbo bilabiato; labio superiore bi- 
inferiore-trifido. Stigma bilobum. Capsula bilocularis, 
2-valvis, placentis parietalibus. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Gesneria cochlearis; herbacea, foliis oppositis sublonge pe- 
tiolatis cordato-ovatis concavis venoso-rugosis tomen- 
tosis acutis crenatis, racemis simplicibus terminalibus, 
pedicellis elongatis oppositis subverticillatisque, corol- 
las tubo subtus inflato, limbo 5-lobo obliquo aequali, 
glandulis hypogynis 2 oppositis inaequahbus. 



An inhabitant of the Organ Mountains, whence the roots 
were sent by Mr. Gardner in 1837, and these flowered in 
the stove of the Glasgow Botanic Garden in June ISJy. 
Its lar^e, thick, concave leaves on rather long petioles, the 
simple terminal raceme, and moderately large flowers with 
a nearly equal, spreading limb, will readily distinguish the 
present from any other species of this numerous Genus with 
which I am acquainted. ■ . e 

Descr. Root large and tuberous. Stem a foot or a toot 
and a half high, simple, stout, herbaceous, rounded, woolly. 
Leaves large, opposite, petiolate, broadly cordato-ovate, 
reticulated and wrinkled with the copious nerves, woolly on 
both sides, the margin crenated : petioles stout, two to three 
inches Ions;. Raceme terminal, leafless, bracteated; brac- 
° teas 



teas small, lanceolate. Pedicels elongated, slender, oppo- 
site or whorled, single- flowered. Flowers nearly two 
inches long. Calyx 5-partite. Corolla red ; tube swollen 
at the base, and upwards moderately inflated ; the limb 
slightly oblique, of five spreading, nearly equal, obtuse 
lobes. Stamens included. Germen broadly ovate, clothed 
with long, silky hairs. Hypogynous glands two, opposite : 
one large, deeply emarginate, the other small and linear. 
Style included. 



Fig. 1. Pistil, with its Hypogynous Glands : — magnified. 



( 3788 ) 

Barnardia scilloides. Chinese 
Barnardia. 

i v K .SK /-K ■St 1 '. . v fc .Sfc fi'-. ii\ .'fr. A'. ."V. i-V. . v l". ?V. &'. .St'. ■ S I / . ■ V V'. ?V. >l\ 
Vf? VIS VIS VIS VIS VIS VIS MS VIS VIS VIS VIS VIS <tS VIS V Vo V VIS VF 

C7ass #wd Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Asphodele^. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium hexapetalo-partitum, patens, sequale, per- 
sistens. Stamina 6, filamentis basi dilatatis. Ovarium tri- 
loculare,, 3-spermum : ovulis solitariis erectis. Stylus sub- 
ulatus, continuus. Stigma simplex. Fructus — ? 
— Herba Chinensis. Bulbus tunicatus. Folia linearia 
canaliculata. Flores carnei, racemosi. Lindl. 

Specific Name and Synonym. 
Barnardia * scilloides. Lindl. Bot. Reg. t. 1029. 



A peculiar habit in this plant and the colour of the 
flowers, in conjunction with the solitary, erect seed in each 
cell of the fruit, fully authorise the constituting a new Genus 
by Professor Lindley. It is a native of China, and seems 
to have been first imported by Mr. J. D. Parks from the 
neighbourhood of Macao. Our plants in the Glasgow 
Botanic Garden were received from Holland by favour of 
Mr. M'Coy. 

Descr. Bulb small, ovate, tumcated. Leaves long, 
linear, channelled, flaccid, tapering at both extremities. 
Scape erect, a foot high, rounded, terminating in a dense 

raceme, 



* So named by Professor Lindley in compliment to Edward Bar- 
nard, Esq., F. L. S. and H. S. and Vice Secretary of the Horticultural 
Society of London. 



raceme, the lower flowers only being rather lax. Pedicels 
short, with a very minute, membranaceous bractea at the 
base. Perianth rose-colour, tipped with green, of six 
spreading, obovate, concave pieces. Stamens nearly erect, 
subulate, much dilated at the base, arising from the base 
of each segment of the perianth. Anthers broadly ob- 
long; yellowish. Ovary subglobose, tapering gradually 
into the style, which is about equal in length with the 
stamens, tipped with rose-colour. Stigma a mere point. 



Fig. 1. Flower : magnified. 



31189. 




\ 



( 3789 ) 

Cereus multiplex. Proliferous 
Cereus. 

********************* 

Class and Order. 

ICOSANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — Cacte^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala numerosissima imbricata, basi ovario adnata, in 
tubum elongatum concreta, exteriora breviora calycinalia, 
media longiora colorata, intima petaliformia. Stamina 
numerosissima cum tubo concreta. Stylus f\\\(orm\s } apice 
multifidus. Bacca areolata, sepalorum reliquiis squamata 
aut tuberculosa. Cotyledones acuminata?. — Frutices car- 
nosi, subglobosi vel elongati, stricti, articulati vel repentes, 
axi ligneo interne medullife.ro donati, angulis verticalibus, 
spinarum fasciculos gerentibus vel inermibus, regulariter 
sulcati. Anguli seu alee nunc plurimce, nunc paucissimce, 
raj'ius duce tantum, et tunc rami compresso-alati inermes. 
Flores ampli e spinarum fasciculis lateralibus trunci aut 
ramorum vetustiorum, aut crenis angulorum orti. Fructus 
oviformes, plerumque anno sequente maturascentes, edules. 
Pfeiff. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Cereus multiplex; obclavatus viridis e lateribus copiose 
prolifer basi lignea attenuatus, vertice umbilicato, 
sinubus latis, costis 13 verticalibus acutis, areolis ova- 
libus tomentosis flavo-griseis, aculeis rigidis aciculari- 
bus, centralibus 4, basi et apice nigricantibus, infimo 
longissimo, exterioribus 9 — 10 brevioribus flavescen- 
tibus, irregulariter radiantibus, summis et infimis bre- 
vissimis. Pfiiff. 

Cereus multiplex. " Hort. Berol." — Pfeiff. Enum. Cact. 
p. 70. 

Echinocactus multiplex. " Hort." 

A 

VOL. XIII. P 



A native, according to Pfeiffer, of South Brazil. Our 
drawing was kindly made by Mrs. Stannard from a flow- 
ering plant in the rich collection of Messrs. Mackie of Nor- 
wich. The great size of the flower in proportion to that 
of the plant, and the delicacy and richness of colour of the 
petals, render this a most desirable plant for cultivation in 
every collection of succulents. Not having had the oppor- 
tunity of seeing the specimen itself, our description is neces- 
sarily taken from the drawing, which certainly represents 
the spines somewhat different from what they are described 
to be by Pfeiffer. 

Descr. Plant somewhat globose, but gradually taper- 
ing into the woody, irregularly wrinkled base, so that its 
shape is broadly pyriform (Pfeiffer calls it obclavate). 
The height is about six inches, and the diameter, in the 
broadest part, about five. Our specimen does not exhibit 
the proliferous appearance, whence the name has been de- 
rived. The surface is deeply marked with about thirteen 
deep furrows, and of course as many ridges which are pro- 
minent, acute, somewhat sinuated at the keel, and there 
beset with thickly downy, oval areolae, about two lines 
long, and placed about an inch asunder. Spines ten to 
twelve, the central one longer and stronger than the rest, 
especially in the upper areolae, where they are represented 
of an uniform, deep, tawny colour, while those on the sides 
are more regular in size and variegated with dark brown 
and white. Flower six or eight inches long and almost as 
much across when fully expanded. Tube long, clavate, 
thickly clothed at the base with short tufts of dense, white 
hairs, while the rest of the tube is beset with longer and 
dark-coloured ones. Petals numerous ; outer ones narrow- 
lanceolate, gradually becoming shorter and broader, so 
that the innermost ones are almost ovate and acuminate, all 
of a most delicate rose-colour, deeper towards the apex. 
Stamens numerous, inserted at the mouth of the tube. Fila- 
ments white. Anthers rounded, yellow. Style as long as 
the tube, white. Stigma of six or seven linear rays. 



31.90. 







( 3790 ) 

OSBECRIA CANESCENS. HoARY-LEAVED 
OSBECKIA. 

******************** 
Class and Order. 

OCTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

( Nat. Ord. — MelastomacevE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cah/cis tubus ovatus, sa3pius setis stellatis ant pube stel- 
lata vestitus ; lobi 4 — 5 persistentes aut decidui ; appendices 
inter lobos extus ortae, forma et magnitudine variaa. Petala 
4_5 Stamina 8—10, filamentis glabris, antheris subae- 
qualibus brevi-rostratis connectivo basi breve biauriculato. 
Ovarium apice setosum. Capsula 4—5 locularis. Semina 
cochleata — Herbae aut scepius suffrutices Americana, Afri- 
cans, aut Asiatics. Folia integerrima 3—5 nervia. Flores 
terminates. D C. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Osbeckia canescens ; caule fruticoso, erecto ; foliis cordato- 
ovatis, obtusis, utrinque tuberculatis, subtus mcams ; 
paniculis terminalibus axillaribusque ; bracteis ovatis, 
caducis; floribus erectis ; calycibus ovatis, 5-fidis, 
tuberculato-incanis ; petalis obovatis, glabris ; stami- 
nibus 10 fertilibus, connectivis inaequahbus. Graham. 



This is an extremely handsome plant, and flowers very 
freely in moderate heat in July and August. We received 
it at the Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, from Berlin, under the 
name adopted ; but 1 have not seen any account ot it pub- 
lished ; nor was its native country communicated to me. 

Descr. Stem (seven feet high) weak, requiring support, 

four-sided, rough, hoary : branches erect. Leaves (three 

inches long, an inch and three quarters broad) shortly 

° petiolate, 



petiolate, opposite, decussating, subcordato-ovate, blunt, 
five to seven-nerved, spreading, deflected when old, tuber- 
cular on both sides, bright green above, hoary below. Pe- 
duncles axillary and terminal, often divided, many-flowered ; 
flowers in panicles at the extremity of the branches. Bractece 
solitary at the origin of the pedicels, concave, ovate, cadu- 
cous, articulated at the base. Calyx on the outside like 
the pedicels and the greater part of the plant, hoary, within 
glabrous ; tube ovate ; limb five-partite, segments ovato- 
deltoid, spreading, with alternate, external, filamentous, 
erect appendages. Flowers (an inch and a half across) 
very numerous, very handsome; petals obovate, scarcely 
emarginate, cuneate towards the base, glabrous, reddish- 
lilac above, paler below, inserted into the throat of the 
calyx. Stamens ten, all fertile, declined ; filaments gla- 
brous, about half as long as the petals, inserted into the 
throat of the calyx ; anthers purple, compressed laterally, 
undulate along the face, nearly straight, opening by a pore 
at the apex ; connective bright red, in five, (in which the 
anthers are erect,) having a sessile, emarginate, yellow au- 
ricle at the base ; in the other five, twice as long as the 
anthers and ascending, the auricle being elongated, sub- 
emarginate, and yellow. Pistil about as long as the 
longest stamens ; stigma blunt, small, greenish ; style gla- 
brous, declined in the opposite direction from the stamens, 
very slightly tapering upwards, articulated at its base ; 
Germen hoary, naked and blunt at the apex, included 
within the calyx-tube, of five blunt lobes, adhering to the 
calyx at the angles only, five-locular, dissepiments alter- 
nating with the lobes ; placentae central ; ovules numerous. 
Graham. 



Fig. 1. Calyx. 2. Stamens. 3. Pistil -.—magnified. 



( 3791 ) 

Epidendrum densiflorlm. Cluster-flow- 
ered Epidendrum. 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. O'rd. — Orchideje. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala patentia, subaequalia. Petala sepalis aequalia 
vel angustiora, rarius latiora, patentia vel reflexa. Label- 
lum cum marginibus columnar omnino vel parte connatum, 
limbo integro vel diviso, disco saepius calloso, costato vel 
tuberculato ; nunc in calcar productum ovario accretum et 
cuniculum formans. Columna elongata; clinandrio mar- 
ginato, saepe fimbriato. Anthera carnosa, 2 — 4 locularis. 
Pollinia 4, caudiculis totidem replicatis annexa. — Herbae 
(Americance) epiphytce, caule nunc apice vel basi pseudo- 
bulboso, nunc elongato apice folioso. Folia carnosa, raris- 
sime venis elevatis striata. Flores spicati, racemosi, corym- 
bosi vel paniculati, terminales vel laterales. Lindl. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Epidendrum densiflorum; caule elongato tereti folioso, foliis 
ellipticis coriaceis acutis, pedunculo terminali ramoso, 
floribus densissime spicatis, petalis anguste spathulatis, 
labello orbiculari trilobo, lobo medio brevissimo bilobo 
laciniis ovatis acutis patentissimis. 



A very fine new Epidendrum, native of Mexico, whence 
it was sent by Mr. Parkinson to the Woburn collection, 
where it blossomed in great perfection in September, 1839. 
Its elongated, rounded stems, its very long, branched pedun- 
cle, densely spiked flowers, narrow petals, and peculiar 
shape of the labellum, will readily distinguish this from 
every species of the Genus hitherto described. 

Descr. 



Descr. Stem a foot and more high, sending out fleshy,, 
vermicular roots from near the base, about as thick as one's 
finger, terete, bearing several alternate, coriaceous, ob- 
longo-elliptical, rather acute leaves, from four to nearly 
six inches long. This stem bears at its apex a long, 
branched peduncle, distinctly furrowed, the branches (ex- 
cept the terminal one) deflexed, all of them clothed with 
dense, spiked Jlowers of a greenish-brown colour ; the lip 
and column alone being almost white. Perianth spread- 
ing. Sepals oblongo-obovate, rather obtuse. Petals rather 
shorter than the sepals, very narrow, spathulate. Lip with 
its lower part united to the clavato-cylindrical column, the 
upper part projecting beyond the column, large, orbicular, 
three-lobed, the middle lobe very short, and again two- 
lobed, the lobes or segments ovate, acute, spreading : at 
the base are two oval tubercles immediately beneath the 
apex of the column. 



Fig. 1. Portion of a Flower. 2. Pollen-masses: — magnified. 



379% 




( 3792 ) 

Stevia breviaristata. Short-awned 
Stevia. 

********************* 

Class and Order. 

Syngenesia jEqualis. 

( Nat. Ord. — Composite. ) 

Generic Character. 

Capitulum 5-florum. Involucrum cylindricum squamis 
5 — 6 acutis acuminatisve subaequalibus. Receptaculum 
nudum. Achcenium striato-nervosum angulatumve elon- 
gatum. Pappus paleis 1-serialibus nunc in iisdem aut 
saepius in diversis individuis omnibus scariosis planis parvis, 
nunc aliis scariosis, aliis (pier, alternis) in aristas 1—5 rigi- 
dis margine scabras abeuntibus, nunc omnibus (pier. 5 — 
20) in aristas mutatis. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Stevia * breviaristata ; glabriuscula, foliis ovatis seu ovato- 
lanceolatis trinerviis grosse obtuse serratis in petiolum 
attenuatis, corymbis dense capitatis, involucro pubes- 
centi-viscoso, pappi aristis tribus quarum duabus subu- 
latis corollae tubo 4-plo brevioribus tertia minutissima. 

Stevia breviaristata. Hook, et Am. Contrib. towards a Flora 
ofS. Am. in Hook. Comp. to Bot. Mag. v. I. p. 238. 



This very pretty Stevia is an inhabitant of Tucuman in 
South America, where it was found among other rarities by 
Mr. Tweedie, and whence specimens and seeds were sent in 

1836. 



* So named by Cavanilles in memory of Pierre Jacques Esteve, 
a Spanish Physician of the sixteenth century, who wrote a " Dictionary of 
the Plants of the Kingdom of Valentia:' 



1836. Flowering plants appeared in the stove of the Glas- 
gow Botanic Garden in July, 1837. The description of the 
pappus is by no means so accurate as it ought to be in the 
work above quoted. The awns are three., it is true, and 
short ; — but one is always very much smaller than the 
other two. 

Descr. Plant two to three feet high, branched. Branches 
downy ; flowering ones opposite. Leaves opposite, nearly 
glabrous, ovate acuminate, three-nerved, coarsely serrated, 
attenuated, but not petiolated at the base, pale beneath, 
upper ones lanceolate. Capitula collected into very dense 
pedunculated heads. Involucre cylindrical, of about five to 
six narrow-lanceolate leaflets, in a single series, clothed with 
glutinous down, five or six-flowered ; flowers much exserted. 
Corolla beautiful rose colour : tube long, clavate, slender, 
downy ; limb of five deep, spreading, oblong segments. 
Anthers almost wholly included within the tube, yellow. 
Branches of the style very long, wholly exserted, filiform, 
but slightly attenuated at both extremities and downy. 
Achenia (black when ripe) long, narrow, four-sided, with 
the angles margined and scabrous, as long as the involucre. 
Pappus of three rather strong, rigid awns, of which two are 
subulate, about one-fourth the length of the achenium ; the 
third very small, short, broad and acute, all of them smooth. 



Fig. 1. Capitulum. 2. Flower, & Scarcely mature Achenium -.—mag- 
nified. * 



( 3793 ) 

Miltoni a Candida; var. flavescens. White- 
lipped Milton ; yellow var. 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^! ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium explanatum ; sepala lateralia, patula, libera, 
petalis conformibus. Labellum sessile, integrum, explana- 
tum v. cucullatum, apice rotundatum, venis baseos pluries 
tuberculato-lamellatis. Columna nana semiteres aurita. 
Pollinia 2, caudiculse adnata. — Herbae epiphytce, pseudo-bul- 
bosee. Flores speciosissimi. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Miltonia * Candida ; pseudo-bulbis ovatis apice angustatis 
diphyllis, foliis angustis racemo brevioribus, bracteis 
ovatis membranaceis concavis squamasformibus, sepalis 
petalisque oblongis aequalibus, labello subrotundo 
crispo circa columnam convoluto basi 5-lamellato, co- 
lumna pubescente basi biauri, clinandrio crispo mem- 
branaceo-marginato utrinque in alam decurrente. 
Lindl. 

Miltonia Candida. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. Misc. n. 29. Ser- 
tum Orchidaceum, p. 21. 

(/3.) columna labelloque flavescentibus. ( Tab. nostr. 3793.) 



For the specimen of this charming plant, I am indebted 
to Mr. Moore of the Glasnevin Botanic Garden. It is a 

native 



* So named by Dr. Lindley in honor of the Right Hon. Lord Fitz- 
willfam, a distinguished cultivator of Orchideous plants. 



native of Brazil, whence the pseudo-bulbs were originally 
imported by the Earl of Arran, who has been indefatigable 
in introducing rare plants to the gardens of this country : 
and to whom we had dedicated the species just before its 
appearance in Dr. Lindley's splendid work on Orchidace^s 
above quoted. There can be no doubt, I think, of the two 
plants being the same, though the colour of the lip from 
which the specific appellation is derived is at variance with 
its name : — here being yellowish with a tinge of purple. 
The column, on the other hand, in our plant, is white, or 
pale yellowish-white, in Lindley's plant purple. Both states 
are very beautiful, and highly worthy of a place in every 
tropical collection of Orchide^;. It flowered in October, 
1839. 

Descr. Pseudo-bulbs oblong, broader at the base, even 
on the surface, partially sheathed below by two leaves, and 
bearing two leaves at the apex. These leaves are linear- 
oblong or ligulate, nerveless, shorter than the scape, which 
arises from the axil of the leaves at the base of the bulb, and 
is a foot and a half to two feet high, bearing a raceme of 
large, handsome^Zotcers, each subtended by an ovato-lance- 
olate, appressed, squamiform bractea. Sepals and petals 
nearly uniform, spreading horizontally, oblong, rather acute, 
waved, bright yellow, with large, ferruginous blotches. 
Lip standing forward, broadly-obovate, subrotundate, ob- 
scurely lobed, waved and crisped, the base convolute about 
the column, bearing five small lamellae, the rest spreading ; 
the colour yellowish, with a faint blotch of purple. Column 
short. Margin of the stigma reddish; this is surrounded by 
the membranous apex of the column (or clinandrium) which 
is crisped, with two teeth or little ears at the base, and den- 
ticulate at the extremity. Anther-case hemispherical, yel- 
low. Pollen-masses two, with a caudiculus, and an oblong, 
brown gland. 



Fig. 1. Lip. 2. Front view, and f. 3, side view of the Column. 4. 
Anther-case. 5, 5. Pollen-masses, anterior and posterior view : — magnified. 



314*. 










( 3794 ) 

Brassia Lanceana ; var. viridiflora. Mr. 
Lance's Brassia; g -een-flowered var. 

Class and Order. 
Gynandri^ Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^;. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium explanatum. Sepala et petala angusta, 
libera, asqualia ; his nunc minoribus. Labellum planum, 
indivisum, ecal aratum, columna continuum, basi bi-cris- 
tatum. Columna libera, aptera, nana. Anther a 1-locularis. 
Pollinia 2, postice sulcata, caudiculd brevi, glanduld crassa. 
— Epiphytae pseudo-bulbosce. Folia pergamenea. Scapi 
radicales vaginati. Flores speciosi, spicati. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Brassia Lanceana ; sepalis ovato-lanceolatis acuminatis, 

labello oblongo-acuminato undulato sepalis latera- 

libus duplo breviore. Lindl. 
Brassia Lanceana. Lindl. Bot. Reg. t. 1754. Hook. Bot. 

Mag. t. 3577. 
(/3.) floribus viridibus, petalis sepalisque longionbus angus- 

tioribusque. ( Tab. nostr. 3794 J 



Communicated by C. S. Parker, Esq., from his col- 
lection at Annesley, near Liverpool. That gentleman 
imported the plant from Demerara, and it blossomed in 
his stove in September, 1839. In the opinion of many 
Botanists this would, probably, be taken up as a new 
species ; but experience has shown me that there is no set 
of plants so liable to vary in cultivation, and probably also 
in their native climate, as the tropical Orchide^. I would 
rather be disposed to consider this as a connecting link to 

unite 



unite B. Lanceana with B. caudata : but I am by no means 
prepared to say that such is the fact. It is, like the original 
B. Lanceana and B. caudata, deliciously fragrant. 

Descr. Pseudo-bulbs oblong, compressed, obscurely 
furrowed, with generally a large, leafy scale at the base on 
each side, and bearing two oblong-lanceolate leaves at the 
extremity, striated above, but beneath the striae are ob- 
solete. Scape, from the axil of a leaf at the base of this 
pseudo-bulb, a foot or more high (including the raceme), 
green, tinged with deep purple. Flowers six to eight on 
the scape, large, fragrant; the ground colour yellowish- 
green. Upper sepal the longest, lateral ones and petals 
equal, all linear-lanceolate, much acuminated, marked with 
large brown blotches. Lip, in regard to shape, as in 
B. Lanceana, but the acuminated apex is more reflexed, 
and it is dotted with small brown spots. 



INDEX, 

In which the Latin Names of the Plants contained in the Thirteenth 
Volume of the New Series, (or Sixty-sixth of the Work) are 
alphabetically arranged. 



PI. 

3754 
3769 
3756 
3788 
3741 
3720 
3731 
3736 
3781 
3782 
3722 
3761 
3794 

3758 
3728 
3719 
3777 
3742 
3711 

3768 
3789 
3740 
3726 
3743 
3780 
3767 
3727 
3747 

3716 
3735 
3775 
3765 
3778 
3791 
3745 
3751 
3717 
3757 
3762 
3723 
3724 
3772 
3779 
3732 



Angelonia Gardneri. 

Aristolochia caudata. 

. — ^- ciliata. 

Barnardia scilloides. 

Bauhinia forficata. 

Begonia parvifolia. 

, sinuata. 

Bletia Parkinsoni. 

Bouvardia splendens. 

Brassavola cordata. 

— cuspidata. 

Perrinii. 

Brassia Lanceana ; var. viridi- 
flora. 

Burrielia gracilis. 

Caladium petiolatum. 

Callichroa platyglossa. 

Catasetum Russellianum. 

Cattleya citrina. 

. intermedia, var. an- 

gustifolia. 

Cereus Martianus. 

. ■ multiplex. 

Ceropegia vincsefolia. 

Cirrhaea fusco-lutea. 

Clethra tomentosa. 

Cobsea macrostema. 

Coelogyne ocellata. 

Cooperia pedunculata. 

Coryanthes maculata, var. Par- 
ked. 

Dracopis amplexicaulis. 

Edwardsia Macnabiana. 

Epacris obtusifolia. 

Epidendrum cepiforme. 

Parkinsonianum. 

, . densiflorum. 

Epimedium Musschianum. 

. — violaceum. 

Epiphyllum Russellianum. 

Erysimum Perofskianum. 

Eutoca Menziesii. 

Galactodendron utile. 

Ibid. 

Gardoquia multiflora. 
Gelasine azurea. 
Geranium cristatum. 



PL 
3744 

3787 
3725 
3738 
3786 
3737 
3760 
3746 
3771 
3730 
3766 
3763 
3755 
3734 

3785 

3770 
3784 
3713 
3793 

3753 
3774 
3764 
3752 

3733 

3712 

3790 
3748 
3773 
3783 
3721 
3750 
3759 
3718 
3729 



Gesneria Marchii. 

■ cochlearis. 

elongata, var. 

stricta. 

Gonolobus hispidus. 
Grindelia inuloides. 
Hakea dactyloides. 
Heterotropa asaroides. 
Hippeastrum solandriflorum. 
Hologymne glabrata, 
Lasiandra petiolata. 
Lepismiuin commune. 

Myosurus. 

Leptotes bicolor, var. glauco- 

phylla. 
Lilium speciosum; var. albi- 

florum. 
Liparis Walkeries. 
Lobelia heterophylla. 
Marica gracilis. 
Miltonia Candida ; var. flaves- 

cens. 
Nelumbium luteum. 
Nemophila atomaria. 
Oenothera bifrons. 
Oncidium ? concolor. 
. Papilio, var. limba- 



tum. 



raniferum, var. 



3776 
3792 
3715 
3749 
3739 
3714 



major. 
Osbeckia canescens. 
Oxalis Barrelieri. 
Passiflora Mooreana. 
Phlogacanthus curviflorus. 
Pimelea Hendersoni. 
Platystemon leiocarpum. 
Rhododendron campanulatum. 
Ruellia ciliatiflora. 
Schomburgkia marginata, var. 

pe talis sepalisque immar^i- 

natis. 
Statice arborea. 
Stevia breviaristata. 
Torenia cordifolia. 
Tourrettia lappacea. 
Trichopilia tortilis. 
Tropseolum tuberosum. 



INDEX, 

In which the English Names of the Plants contained in the Thirteenth 
"Volume of the New Series (or Sixty-sixth of the Work) are 
alphabetically arranged. 



PI. 

3754 Angelonia, Mr. Gardner's. 
3756 Aristolochia, fringe-flowered. 

3788 Barnardia, Chinese. 
3751 Barren-wort, purple. 

3745 white-flowered. 

3741 Bauhinia, forcipated. 

3720 Begonia, small-leaved ; or 
Elephant's Ear. 

3731 — sinuated ; or Ele- 

phant's Ear. 
3769 Birth-wort, livid- flowered. 
3736 Bletia, Mr. Parkinson's. 

3781 Bouvardia, splendid. 

3782 Brassavola, heart-lipped. 

3761 —- Perrin's. 

3722 — spear-lipped. 

3794 Brassia, Mr. Lance's green- 
flowered var. 

3758 Burrielia, slender. 

3728 Caladium, long-stalked. 

3719 Callichroa, golden. 

3777 Catasetum, the Duke of Bed- 
ford's. 

3711 Cattleya, narrow-leaved, inter- 
mediate. 

3742 yellow-flowered. 

3768 Cereus, Yon Martius'. 

3789 proliferous. 

3740 Ceropegia, periwinkle-leaved. 

3726 Cirrhaeaj yellow-brown. 

3743 Clethra, downy. 

3780 Cobsea, long-stamened. 
3767 Ccelogyne, eyeletted. 

3727 Cooperia, pedunculated. 
3747 Coryanthes, spotted-lipped ; 

Mr. Parker's var. 
3723 Cow Tree, or Palo de Vaca. 

3732 Crane's-bill, crested-seeded. 

3716 Dracopis, stem-clasping leaved 
3735 Edwardsia, Mr. Macnab's. 
3775 Epacris, blunt-leaved. 

3765 Epidendrum, onion-rooted. 

3778 Mr. Parkinson's. 

3791 cluster-flowered. 

3717 Epiphyllum, the Duke of Bed- 

ford's. 

3762 Eutoca, Mr. Menzies'. 
3764 Evening Primrose, heart- 
leaved. 

3772 Gardoquia, many-flowered. 
3779 Gelasine, azure. 



PI. 

3744 

3725 

3787 

3738 

3786 

3737 

3760 

3746 

3771 

3730 
3714 
3766 
3763 
3755 
3734 

3785 

3770 

3784 
3713 
3793 

5753 
3774 
3733 

3712 

3752 
3790 
3723 

3724 
3773 
3783 
3721 
3750 
3759 
3718 
3729 
3792 
3776 
3715 
3749 
3757 

3739 
! 3748 



Gesneria, Mr. March's. 

elongated var. 

spoon-leaved. 

— upright. 

Gonolobus, hispid. 

Grindelia, flea-bane-like. 

Hakea, finger-leaved. 

Heterotropa, Asarabacca-like. 

Hippeastrum, Solandra-flow- 
ered. 

Hologymne, glabrous. 

Indian-Cress, large-rooted. 

Lasiandra, petiolated. 

Lepismium, common. 

— mouse-tail. 

Leptotes, two-coloured ; glau- 
cous-leaved var. 

Lily, crimson Japan; white- 
flowered var. 

Liparis, Mrs. Col. Walker's. 

Lobelia, various-leaved. 

Marica, slender-stemmed. 

Miltonia, white-lipped; yellow 
var. 

Nelumbium, yellow. 

Nemophila, spotted-flowered. 

Oncidium, butterfly; broad- 
bordered var. 

frog- flowered ; 

larger var. 

one-coloured. 



Osbeckia, hoary-leaved. 

Palo de Vaca ; or Cow Tree of 
the Caracas. 

Ibid. 

Passion-flower, Mr. Moore's. 

Phlogacanthus, curved-flowered. 

Pimelea, Mr. Henderson's. 

Platystemon, smooth-fruited. 

Rhododendron, bell- flowered. 

Ruellia, fringe -flowered. 

Schomburgkia, margined var. 

Stevia, short-awned. 

Thrift, gigantic Canary. 

Torenia, heart-leaved. 

Tourrettia, burr-fruited. 

Treacle-Mustard, deep orange- 
flowered. 

Trichopilia, twisted-petaled. 

Wood-Sorrel, Barrelier's 
shrubby.