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In which the most Ornamental Foreign Plants cultivated in the Open Ground, 

the Green-House, and the Stove, are accurately represented and coloured. 

To which are added, 


Their Places of Growth, Times of Flowering, and most approved 
Methods of Culture. 





LL D. F. R. A. and L. S. Director of the Royal Botanic Garden 
of Kew. 



Or Vol. lxvii. of the whole Work. 

Herbs and Flowers, the beauteous birth 
Of the genial womb of earth, 
Suffer but a transient death 
From the "Winter's cruel breath. 
Zephyr speaks ; serener skies 
Warm the globe, and they arise." 


Printed by Edward Couchman, 10, Throgmorton Street; 



Published also by Sherwood, Gilbert & Piper, 23, Paternoster Row; Blackwood, Edinburgh ; ami in Holland, 

by Mr. Gt. Eklering, Florist, at Haarlem : 
And lobe had of all UooksMers in Town and Country. 
















Juxb 1st, 1841. 


( 3795 ) 



Class and Order. 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Solane^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx monophyllus, persistens. Corolla monopetala, 
rotata. Antherce oblongae, apice poris duobus dehiscente. 
Bacca bi- tri- quadrilocularis. Spr. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Solanum crispum ; fruticosum, foliis petiolatis ovatis acutis 
vel acuminatis undulatis integerrimis, coryrnbis termi- 
nalibus, calycibus tomentosis lobis quinque brevibus, 
corolla rotata profunde quinqucloba lobis ovatis un- 
dulatis,, antheris aequalibus. 

Solanum crispum. Ruiz et Pav. Fl. Peruv. v. 2. p. 31. 
Dunal, Solan, p. 159. Syn. p. 16. n. 78. Roem. et 
Sch. Syst. Veget. v. 4. p. 595. Spreng. Syst. Veget. v. 
I. p. 681. Lodd. Bot. Cab. t. 1959. Lindl. Bot. Reg, 
p. 1516. 6 

Apparently a frequent inhabitant of Chili, growing in 
waste places ; as at Conception, Carcamo, and Palomares, 
and also in the island of Chiloe, whence it seems to have 
been introduced to our gardens by Mr. Anderson. It was 
suspected it would prove a hardy plant: and such is the 
case even as far north as the Highlands of Argyleshire, 
where, in the gardens of James Hunter, Esq., of Hafton, a 
most indefatigable Horticulturist, there is a plant which 
has attained to a height of from twelve to fourteen feet 
upon a south wall. It has braved the unusually severe 
winters of 1837—8 and 1838—9, and it is hardly possible 
to conceive any thing more beautiful than the numerous 
purple corymbs, backed by the copious dark foliage, which 


VOL. XIV jj 

the plant produces throughout the summer months. It 
strikes very freely from cuttings. Our drawing was made 
a few years ago from a comparatively small individual in the 
greenhouse of the Glasgow Botanic Garden. As an addi- 
tional recommendation to the cultivation of this plant, the 
flowers are fragrant ; though heavy if too strongly inhaled. 
Descr. Stem woody; young branches herbaceous, green, 
terete, glabrous. Leaves alternate, petiolate, ovate, acute 
or acuminate, the base obtuse, rarely subcordate, the mar- 
gins entire, waved. Petiole from half an inch to an inch 
long. Corymbs on terminal, leafless branches; large when 
cultivated successfully, handsome. Pedicels, at first, curved 
downwards, so that the buds are drooping. Calyx cup- 
shaped, cut into five short, acute, spreading lobes, downy 
on the outside. Corolla an inch or more in diameter, ro- 
tate, cut almost to the base into five horizontal, waved seg- 
ments, of a palish purple, marked with a central streak of 
red. Anthers connate, five, yellow, on short, white fila- 
ments. Style protruded beyond the anther-tube. 

Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Calyx and Pistil : — magnified. 


( 3796 ) 

monachanthus roseo-albus. wliite and 
Rose-colored Monk-Flower. 


Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchideje. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium explanatum. Sepala et petala aequalia, 
deorsum versa. Labellum posticum, carnosum, indivisum, 
ventricosum, sepalis multo majus. Columna brevis, crassa, 
rnutica. Antherce et pollinia Cataseti. — Epiphytce Cataseti 
habitu. Lindl. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Monachanthus roseo-albus ; labello triangulari acutissimo 
concavo-hemisphaerico (non ventricoso) intus pubes- 
cente margine basi longissime ciliato. 

Several pseudo-bulbs of this remarkable and very pretty 
plant were sent from Para, in Brazil, to Mr. Murray of the 
Glasgow Botanic Garden in the early part of last year by 
Mr. Campbell, and there is scarcely any period since, that 
some or other of them have not been throwing up the flow- 
ering-stems, and exhibiting their delicate blossoms of a 
white colour, the lip, tipped with red and banded with the 
same colour in the inside, while the margin at the base has 
a deep red fringe much longer than in any species I have 
ever seen. It will be seen that I have preserved the generic 
name of Monachanthus, rather from consistency than a 
conviction of the soundness of the Genus. It might with 
greater propriety be called Catasetum, Sect. Monachan- 

Pseudo-bulbs a span and more long, clustered, oblong, 
Capering at both ends, annulated. Leaves lanceolate, six 


to eight inches long, thin, membranaceous, with numerous 
elevated striae, and tipped with a short acumen. 

Scape from the base of the bulb, erect, two feet high, if we 
include the long raceme of many (twenty to thirty) powers. 
Sepals linear-lanceolate, white tinged with red, soon closely 
reflexed ; petals longer and broader, standing both of them 
erect over the column and parallel, their margins only 
reflexed, white. Lip deflexed, the smallest of the Genus; 
as viewed in front exactly triangular, with a very acute 
point, the margin near the column fringed with remarkably 
long, coarse hairs or bristles, the disk concave, so that seen 
on the underside it is hemispherical (not by any means ven- 
tncose) : within downy, the bands, the acute apex of the 
lip, and the fringe all red, the rest white. Column short 
and thick, much shorter than the lip. Anther-case hemi- 
spherical. Pollen-masses as in Catasetum. Stigmatic sur- 
face of the column becoming black soon after the anther- 
case has fallen off. 

Fig. 1, Flower. 2. Pollen- masses :— magnified. 


( 3797 ) 

Mandevilla suaveolens. Sweet-scented 




Class and Order. 
Pentandria Digynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Apocyne^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx pentaphyllus, imbricatus, erectus, intus annulo 
pectinato auctus. Corolla hypogyna, campanulato-infundi- 
buliformis, fauce tuboque esquamatis, limbi 5-fidi laciniis 
subaequilateris. Stamina 5, basi corollae tubi inserta : an- 
ther& in conum circa stigma conniventes, apice membra- 
naceae. Ovarium biloculare, polyspermum. Stylus unus; 
stigma conicum, a latere 5-foveatum, basi campanulatum 
5-lobum, apice bicuspidatum. Annulus hypogynus 5- 

lobus, carnosus. Fructus — Frutex Bonariensis (?) 

volubilis, foliis petiolatis membranaceis, stipulis pectinatis, 
racemis secundis axillaribus multifloris. Lindl. 

Specific Name and Synonym. 

Mandevilla suaveolens. 

Mandevilla suaveolens. Lindl. Bot. Reg. 1840, t. 7. 

I had long possessed specimens of this plant in my Her- 
barium, where I had referred it to Echites ; and havin" 
received recent flowering ones from the Horticultural Society 
of Edinburgh, from which the accompanying figure was 
taken in October, 1839, I was on the point of publishing it 
as an Echites when the plate above quoted appeared, where 
Professor Lindley has constituted of it a new Genus, under 
the name of Mandevilla, in compliment to Henry John 
Mandeville, Esq., H. B. M. Minister at Buenos Ayres 
' to whom we are indebted for the introduction of this and 
many other interesting plants/' He considers it to differ 


from Echites, first, by the form of the corolla, which is 
more like that of Beaumontia, than of Echites ; and, se- 
condly, by the presence of a pectinated ring between the 
bases of the calyx and corolla. — This pectinated ring we 
had unfortunately omitted to observe. — Its native country 
is not yet certainly known. Mr. Tweedie's remarks on my 
specimens in the Herbarium are, " This is one of our best 
climbers, only to be met with in gardens about Buenos 
Ayres, and called " Chilian Jasmine." Its seed-pods are a 
foot to a foot and a half long, generally two hanging 
together. The seeds are long and bearded like those of 
Echites/' Prom the name given to it at Buenos Ayres, it 
would appear to have been introduced from Chili ; but we 
have seen nothing of the kind from that country. It is not 
considered to be hardy with us : and Dr. Lindley recom- 
mends that it should be cultivated in the conservatory, and 
observes that it is easily propagated by cuttings. 

Descr. Stem fruticose, long, terete, climbing, glabrous. 
Leaves opposite, petiolate, ovato-cordate, entire, with a 
rather slender acumen, membranaceous, entirely glabrous 
above, beneath pale, copiously marked with brown reticu- 
lated veins, and bearing tufts of hair in the axils of the 
principal nerves. Petioles one to three inches long : be- 
tween the opposite pairs on each side are several short, 
fleshy, filamentous stipules. Peduncles axillary, elongated, 
bearing a corymb of large, white or somewhat cream- 
coloured, fragrant flowers. Calyx five-partite, the latinise 
lanceolate and erect. Corolla funnel-shaped, the limb of 
hve, broadly-ovate or subrotund, wavy, imbricated, spread- 
ing lobes. Within, the lower part of the tube is thickly 
clothed with hairs, above which the five nearly sessile, con- 
nate, linear-oblong, included, yellow angers are inserted, 
covering and concealing the stigma. Ovaries two, sur- 
rounded by a hye-lobed, hypogynous disk, and tapering 
into a single style, which bears a very large, green, fleshy! 
extinguisher-shaped stigma. & * y 

™;f^ L0Wer Pdrt ° f thC TubG ° f thG Corolk ' Wlth Stamens. 2. Pistils : 

( 3798 ) 
Grevillea dubia. Dubious Grevillea. 

*4? "/jC" *>jC* vp vfc vfc vjJ" yfc vjC* vjs.' vj(* vjC* •^ vfc vfC" vjv" v^.* ^s* "/JC* "/{? 

C/as.9 tfwd Order. 
Tetrandria Monogynta. 

( Nat. Ord. — Proteace^:. ) 

Generic Character. 

Periantkium irregulare; foliolis laciniisve secundis : api- 
cibus cavis staminiferis. Antherce immersae. Glandula 
hypogyna unica, dimidiata. Ovarium dispermum. Stig- 
ma obliquum depressum (raro subverticale, conicum). Fol- 
liculus unilocularis, dispermus, loculo centrali. Semina 
marginata, v. apice brevissime alata. Br. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Grevillea dubia ; foliis ellipticis marginibus refractis, ra- 
mis ramulisque tomentosis, floriferis racemoque abbre- 
viate recurvis, pistillis uticia brevioribus. Br. 

Grevillea dubia. Brown in Linn. Trans. 10. 169. Ibid. 
Prodr. 1. 376. Roem. et Schult. Syst. Veget. 3. 410. 

Mr. Brown considers this plant scarcely specifically dis- 
tinct from his Grevillea punicea; Rgemer and Schultes 
repeat the doubt, and Sprengel unites them ; but these 
writers have probably no additional information on the 
subject. A specimen which I received from New Holland 
without name in 1824, and which I considered G. punicea, 
is distinguished from this by its leaves being broader, larger, 
and minutely dotted, but otherwise glabrous on the upper 
surface, where also the marginal nerves are less conspi- 
cuous; the raceme too is less dense, and the style longer. 
Our plant was raised at the Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, 
from seeds sent by Mr. Cunningham as a new species, and 
has flowered freely in the end of the season, during several 


Descr. Shrub (five feet high) erect, with pendulous 
branches, twigs covered with brownish pubescence, hairs 
adpressed, attached by the middle. Leaves elliptical or 
obovato-elliptical, mucronulate, spreading, having adpress- 
ed pubescence, similar to that on the twigs on both sides, 
but silky and chiefly abundant below, lateral nerves near 
the margins. Racemes short, dense, terminal, becoming 
lateral, and opposite to the leaves, from the prolongation of 
the branches. Bractece subulate, falling very early. Flowers 
rose-coloured, geminate, on recurved pedicels, the lowest 
expanding first ; perianth pubescent on the outside, four- 
phyllous, united in the throat by a dense tuft of white wool, 
less than half the length of the revolute limb, which on the 
inside is glabrous. Stamens small, white, sessile in the 
apices of the perianth. Pistil pedicellate, including the 
pedicel less than eight lines long, surrounded at its base on 
the lower side by a pale, semilunar disk, everywhere gla- 
brous except at the top of the style, where it is slightly 
pubescent : stigma oblique, flat ; germen green, obscurely 
turrowed above and below. Graham. 

( 3799 ) 
Verbascum Tauricum. Taurian Mullein. 


Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Scrophularin^. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 5-fidus. Corolla rotata, limbo inaequaliter lobato. 
Filamenta subbarbata. Anthers difformes. Capsula val- 
vis inflexis, dissepimentum formantibus in placentas incras- 
satis. Spr. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Verbascum Tauricum ; subpubescens, foliis cordato-ovatis 
grosse crenato-lobatis reticulatis submembranaceis in- 
ferioribus petiolatis, petiolo brevi, superioribus multo 
minoribus magis cordatis sessilibus, racemis elongatis, 
pedicellis solitariis v. geminis bracteas aequantibus, 
(floribus purpureis). 

Verbascum Tauricum. Hortulan. 

If this very handsome Mullein, which was kindly com- 
municated from the open border of the Edinburgh Botanic 
Garden, by Dr. Graham, be anywhere described under the 
name with which it was received, 1 have no means of access 
to that description ; nor will I, knowing how liable the 
Genus is to mix with other species, pronounce that the 
present is of a genuine stock. I publish it with the name 
which accompanied the specimen, and under which it was 
probably sent from the German gardens to Dr. Graham. 
Its nearest affinity with any acknowledged species is, per- 
haps, with V. ph&niceum, Bot. Mag. t. 885 ; but the pedi- 
cels are very much shorter, in which respect it approaches 
V. cupreum (Bot. Mag. t. 1226), a supposed hybrid, from 
which again it differs in the colour and size and markings 
of the flower. It blossomed in August, 1839. 


Descr. Root probably biennial. Stem erect, terete, 
branched, downy, the branches upright. Lower leaves 
large, ovate, cordate at the base, rather thin and membra- 
naceous, reticulated, petiolated, with very large coarse 
serratures, they may almost be called lobes, at the margin. 
Petioles short and, except of the radical leaves, broad. The 
leaves gradually become smaller upwards, more cordate, 
and at length sessile. Raceme eight to ten inches, or a 
foot long. Flowers rather closely placed, solitary or two 
together. Pedicels two to three lines long, equal in length 
with the narrow almost subulate bracteas, reddish. Calyx 
hairy, of five deep, lanceolate, spreading segments. Corolla 
moderately large, rotate, the segments unequal, broad, and 
rounded, purple, deeper and almost blackish at the base, 
with a yellow ring. Stamens unequal. Filaments deep 
purple, with long purple, spreading hairs, yellow and naked 
at the base. Anther renifonn, dark purple. Pollen deep 
golden colour. Style red, a little thickened upwards. 
Stigma capitate, green. 

Fig. 1. Calyx with Pistil. 2. Stamens: — magnified. 



( 3800 ) 

Epidendrum patens. Spreading-flowered 


Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala patentia subaequalia. Petala sepalis aequalia vel 
angustiora, rarius latiora, patentia vel reflexa. Labellum 
cum marginibus columnae omnino vel parte connatum, lim- 
bo integro vel diviso, disco saepius calloso, costato vel 
tuberculato ; nunc in calcar productum, ovario accretum et 
cuniculum formans. Columna elongata ; clinandrio margi- 
nato, saepe fimbriato. Anthera carnosa, 2 — 4-loeularis. 
Pollinia 4, caudiculis totidem replicatis annexa.— Herbal 
epiphytes (Americana), caule nunc apice v. basi pseudo-bul- 
boso, nunc elongato apice folioso. Folia carnosa, rarissime 
vems elevatis striata. Flores spicati, racemosi, corymbosi 
vel paniculate terminates vel laterales. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Epidendrum patens ; caule tereti, foliis distichis oblongo- 
lanceolatis, sepalis petalisque subaequalibus oblon S i s 
acutis convexis patentibus, labello trilobo lobis de- 
tiexis, laterahbus subrotundis, intermedio bifido. 

Epidendrum patens. Swartz, FL Ind. Occ.p. 1495 Spreng 
Sysl. Veget. v. 3. p. 757. Lodd. BoL Cab. t 1537 
Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orchid, p. 108. 

From the Glasgow Botanic Garden, where it flowered in 
July, 1839. It is a native of Jamaica and Trinidad, and 
probably of other of the West Indian islands. 

Descr. Stem a foot, or a foot and a half high terete 
jointed, bare of leaves below, leafy above. Leaves oblongo- 


lanceolate, somewhat coriaceous, distichous, and more or 
less reflexed, acute, exhibiting no nerves, sheathing the 
stem with the base. Peduncle from the apex of the stem, 
deflexed, rounded, bearing flowers almost from the base. 
These are moderately large, greenish-white when young, 
cream-coloured when fully expanded, and then soon be- 
coming tinged with reddish-brown, as shown in Loddiges 5 
figure. Petals and Sepals nearly equal and uniform, ob- 
long, acute, spreading horizontally, the margins deflexed, 
so that the upper side is convex or semiterete. Column 
short, clavate. Free portion of the lip cut into three nearly 
equal lobes, the sides or margins deflexed, so as to be con- 
vex above, with two tubercles at the base, very concave 
beneath : the side lobes roundish, entire, the intermediate 
lobe bifid, the laciniae rather spreading, obtuse. 

Fig. 1. Upper side of the Column and Lip. 2. Under view of ditto :— 

M I 



?utie J J Mi) 

( 3801 ) 
Fuchsia fulgens. The Glowing Fuchsia. 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Onagrarie-e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calycis tubus basi ovario adhaerens, superne product us in 
tubum cylindraceum 4-lobum post anthesin articulatim 
deciduum. Petala 4 summo tubo inserta, lobis alterna, 
rarius o. Stamina 8. Ovarium glandula urceolata coro- 
natum. Stylus filiformis. Stigma capitatum. Bacca ob- 
longa aut ovato-globosa, 4-loc, 4-valv., polysperma. — Fru- 
tices. Folia sapius opposita. Pediculi axillares \-jlori, 
interdum ad apices ramorum racemosi. Flores sapius nu- 
tantes, rubri rarius albi 3 interdum b-fidi, 10-andri. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Fuchsia fulgens ; ramis glabris, foliis oppositis cordato- 
ovatis acutis denticulatis glabris, pediculis axillaribus 
flore brevioribus superioribus racemosis, calycis lobis 
ovato-lanceolatis acutis petala acutiuscula superan- 
tibus. D. C. 

Fuchsia fulgens. De Cand. Prodr. v. 3. p. 39. Lindl. 
Bot. Reg. 1838, t. 1. Bent. Plant. Hartweg. 

A comparatively recent introduction to this country, from 
Mexico ; — now become common in our gardens, on ac- 
count of its easy culture and the great beauty of its grace- 
ful, pendent racemes of long, scarlet flowers. The leaves 
however, it must be confessed, are coarse and weedy look- 
ing, very different from the neat and glossy foliage of 
Fuchsias in general, and detract somewhat from the charm 
of the plant. It is too delicate to bear the winters in our 
climate ; — but it may readily be raised by seeds or cuttings, 


vol. xiv. c 

and young plants placed in the open border in the early 
summer will continue to flower till the autumnal frosts come 
on. Mr. Curtis, at his extensive Nursery of Glazenwood, 
(where this very beautiful drawing was made by Miss 
Dally, in the summer of 1839,) has succeeded in produc- 
ing a great number of hybrids, by means of other species, 
and flowers of all kinds are the result, from the balloon 
lorm of the Fuchsia globosa, to the peculiarly elongated 
ngure here represented. 

Descr. Stem rather herbaceous and succulent than 
woody, terete, glabrous, more or less tinged with red. 
Reaves large, ovate or cordato-ovate, soft and flaccid, 
toothed at the margin, glabrous ; petiole short, thick, tinged 
with red, as are the veins of the leaf, especially beneath. 
flowers in long, terminal, pendulous, leafy racemes; leaves 
small, otherwise similar to those of the main branches. 
Pedicels slender. Ovary and young fruit elliptical, downy. 
Calyx bright red tipped with greenish, infundibuliform : 
tube very long, slender; limb of four erect, acuminated 
segments Petals shorter than the calyx -segments, deep 
scarlet. Stamens included. Style longer than the calyx. 
btigma capitate. 

r, J£ L !? °? P ^ n o?n° f menti °aing, that the Mandevilla sua- 
7r7,'JfZ% T f^ 3 L 97 ' Was not ' ™ there inti ^ted, raised by 
but bv Mr U^'m thG Hortlcult ^l Society's Garden of Edinburgh; 
erfieid East Ct^'Tvf H Y? ardener to Mrs. Ferguson, at Arch- 

a ~« 


( 3802 ) 

MyAnthus spinosus. Spine-bearing 

Class and Order. 

Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchidea:. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium explanatum. Sepala libera, aequalia, late- 
ralibus paululum adscendentibus. Petala conformia, an- 
gustiora, sepalo supremo supposita. Labellum planum, 
obovatum, tridentatum, sepalis brevius. Columna erecta, 
teres, basi bicirrhosa, postice ad cardinem antherae longe 
producta. Anthera et pollinia Cataseti. — Epiphyta, Cata- 
seti omnino vegetatione. Lindl. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Myanthus spinosus ; petalis versus apicem serratis, labelli 
infra medium saccati margine pilis tenuibus succulentis 
albis longe fimbriato apice anguste attenuato recurvo 
supra ad basin spina tripartita infra apicem spina 
magna dentata porrecta. 

This new Myanthus is one of the very few Orchide^ 
which rewarded Mr. Gardner's researches in the Province 
of Ceara in the interior of Brazil. " Cacte^," he says in 
his Journal, (see Ann. of Nat. Hist. v. 3. p. 334,) " are 
very scarce here ; I have met with but four species, all of 
them similar to those that I had already despatched to 
England from the Rio San Francisco. OrchidejE are still 
more rare. Two kinds only can I find to send home alive, 
but of both you will receive an abundant supply ; they are 
the Oncidium already mentioned and the Epiphyte that 
grows on the Catole. The latter of these I have not seen 
in flower, it being in a dormant leafless state at this season. 
The general appearance is that of a Catasetum, and I have 


no doubt it will prove to be new. The place of the tropi- 
cal Orchide^e of South Brazil, is in these regions occupied 
by LoRANTHEa:, which, in the shape of Viscum, occupy every 
tree, and being* evergreen, give a remarkable appearance 
to the deciduous forests." — The u CATASETUM-like Orchi- 
dia, " proves to be this Myanthus, whose lip exhibits an 
exquisitely beautiful structure. It flowered with us, for 
the first time, in February, 1840. 

Descr. Pseudo-bulbs oblong, striated and transversely 
marked with the scars of fallen leaves and scales. The 
foliage has not yet made its appearance on our plants. 
Scape from the base of a pseudo-bulb, about a foot high, 
erect, and terminated by an erect raceme of many slightly 
fragrant, resupinate (that is, the lip being superior ) flowers. 
Sepals linear-lanceolate, spreading, pale yellowish-green 
with blood-coloured blotches, petals similar to them in 
shape, but slightly serrated towards the points, standing 
parallel over the back of the column, and thus connivent 
with the superior sepal. Lip spreading, linear, grooved, 
saccate near the middle, the apex much attenuated and re- 
curved, the margins beautifully fringed with white, flexuose, 
succulent hairs, greenish-white beneath, dotted with red, 
bearing on the upper side at the base an erect, three-partite 
spine or horn, and having a much larger, porrected one 
below the acumen, which is a little toothed or fimbriated. 
Column with a curved, much acuminated apex, and in front 
below the large stigma are two long, deflexed, and ap- 
pressed, coloured setae. Ovary purple, straight. 

Fig. 1. Column, Petals, and Lip : magnified. 


( 3803 ) 

Stenomesson latifolium. Wide-leaved 


Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Amaryllidace^e. Subord. Pancratiformes. 
§. 1. Semina testa nigra.) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium tubo subrecto media parte constricto su- 
perne ventrieoso, limbo brevi regular!, corona brevi ; folia 
margine in oriuudo retroflexe compresso hysteranthia. 

Specific Character. 

Stenomesson latifolium; foliis superficie subrugosa circiter 
sesquiunciam latis, scapo glaucescente 5-flora4 — 5-un- 
ciali, spatha pallida ultra-unciali, pedunculis brevibus 
(circ. f-unc), perianthio sesquiunciali tubi parte infe- 
riore pallida, superiore cum limbo aurantiaca, fila- 
mentis limbo longioribus stylo interdum elongato 
plerumque semunciam brevioribus. — Ex Lim& An- 
gliam allatum. W. H. 

This new species of Stenomesson was sent to Spofforth 
by J. Maclean, Esq. from Lima, in November, 1837 ; and, 
having arrived in the spring of 1838, showed its leaves 
soon after, and flowered very early in the spring of 1839, 
and again in 1840, or, rather, towards the close of the 
winter, during its season of rest. The plants of this Genus 
like a pretty strong alluvial soil, with manure that is per- 
fectly rotten, being naturally inmates of rich pastures or 
meadows. Their leaves are produced at the first accession 
of moisture after rest and drought, and are impatient of 
sunshine, from which they should be screened when it is 


ardent. After their decay, the pot should be left dry, and 
the flower-scape will rise while it is yet unwatered. In 
their native country the leaves rise after the first rains, and 
decay when the heat becomes powerful, and the sterns 
appear at uncertain periods during the season of rest. Mr. 
Maclean omitted to state the precise quarter from whence 
this species was obtained. They might be cultivated with 
us in any situation where their leaves were protected from 
snails and from scorching sun, and where the soil could be 
shielded from rain during the winter by some covering 
and kept perfectly dry. The same treatment, with a little 
more warmth, suits Urceolina, but it is equally impatient 
of sunshine, and, indeed, almost all petiolated Amaryl- 
lide* are so. Griffinia and Hymenocallis with fleshy 
seeds have the margin of the young leaf inflexly, Pent- 
landia, Urceolina and Stenomesson with shelled seeds 
reflexly, compressed. W. H. 

Fig. 1. Portion of a Staminal Crown magnified. 

Amaryllidace.e ; § Hippeastriformes. 

Sprekelia cybister ; scapo forti4 — 5-floro, flore basi rubro superne sub- 
virescente, perianthio laciniis basi latis superne longe angustatis 
reflexis, labio inferiore cum genitalibus basi comprehensis precipi- 
tate, sepalorum margine involute, petalis duobus superioribus plani- 
oribus apice tortuose demisso, imo scapum attingente. Ex Bolivia 
foliis hysteranthiis. (Sprekelia § 2. Filamento sepalino supe- 
riore elongato, petalino imo abbreviato.) The Tumbler Sprekelia. 

Hippeastrum Organense ; scapo bifloro, perianthio nutante rubro Stella, 
interna sublutescente radiata, sepalis latioribus, calyptro in fauce 
tenui sffipius lacero, foliis ortu suberectis (seepius glaucescentibus) 
bulbo substolonifero. Variat multum (ex montibus Organ dictis 
BrazilifB) colore, magnitudine, styli longitudine, et calypiri barbd. 
Hue potius referas Glaucophyllum supra 2983, certe non Aulici 
var. in quo sepala petalis angustiora, color saturate fulgidus, ma- 
cula interna non radiata, folia arcuata. W. H. 


( 3804 ) 
LixiA anceps. Two-edged Ljelia. 


Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — ORCHiDEiE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala explanata, lanceolata, aequalia. Petala majora 
paulo difformia. Labellum (posticum) 3-partitum, lamella- 
turn, circa columnam convolutam. Columna aptera, car- 
nosa, antice canaliculata. Anthera 8-locularis. Pollinia 
8; caudiculis 4 elasticis. — Herbae epiphyte, rhizomate pseu- 
do-budbifero. Scapi terminates pauci- v. mvltijlori. Flores 
speciosi, odorati. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

L«lia anceps ; foliis binis aut solitariis lanceolatis, scapo 
ancipiti bi- trifloro squamis carinatis vestito, ovario 
viscoso, labelli disco lineari elevato apice trilobo, 
pseudo-bulbis ovatis distantibus tetraquetris. Lindl. 

LiELiA anceps. Bot. Reg. t. 1751. 

(0.) Barkeriana; sepalis petalisque subaequalibus, labelli 
lobo medio angusto acutissimo. Lindl. I. c. t. 1947. 

This is one of those beautiful purplish rose-coloured 
flowers, to which it is impossible for our artificial colours to 
do justice. The pseudo-bulbs were sent by Mr. Parkinson 
from Mexico to his Grace the late Duke of Bedford, at 
Woburn Abbey, where they flower in great perfection, and 
where there is, during the winter season, a constant succes- 
sion of blossoms of this and of the allied species, also sent 
by Mr. Parkinson. It is, I believe, generally known that 
in two of the Orchideous houses at Woburn the plants are 
cultivated in moss, upon branches of trees placed against 
the sides of the building, and nothing can well exceed the 
vigour and beauty of the specimens. 

Every Botanist and CultiTatoir is aware of the extensive 
•> collections of Orchidue and Cacte^; possessed by Mr. 
Harris of Kingsbury, and that they are under the care of 
one of the ablest and most scientific gardeners of this coun- 
try, Mr. D. Beaton. It is to Mr. Beaton I am indebted for 
the following very valuable information respecting the cul- 
tivation of some of the species of this Genus, and of other 
Orchide^;, which he received last year from the high moun- 
tainous districts of Mistica alta in Mexico, where they were 
gathered by M. Galeotti, at an elevation of from seven 
thousand five hundred to nine thousand feet above the level 
of the sea : — and concerning which he writes, that " they 
may be cultivated in the greenhouse." 

" A large importation of these plants," Mr. Beaton further 
observes, '< arrived at Kingsbury at the close of last Septem- 
ber, an awkward time of the season to begin to grow plants, 
whose natural winter was fast approaching. I laid them on 
shelves in the seed-room, with a thin layer of damp moss 
under them. By the middle of December, they imbibed 
moisture sufficiently to swell their bulbs to the natural size ; 
but not wishing to risk them all in that cold place during 
winter, I removed the strongest sorts to the colder end of the 
Orchideous house, and the more tender, to a cool, dry place 
in the Cactus house, reserving some of each kind (to be 
wholly wintered in the seed-room), to the amount of about 
a dozen species, among which were L^slia autumnalis, 
L. albida, L. furfuracea, Cattleya citrina, and others, of 
similar habits, but which were strangers to me. The moss 
was kept a little moist all the winter; and the temperature 
of the room was from 35° to 45°. Those did far better in 
the seed room than those of the same species put into heat 
in December. Cattleya citrina appeared to like this treat- 
ment better than the rest. A few of the new species began 
to dwindle away about the middle of January under this 
treatment, the place being too cold for them ; but if I had 
kept them in the same dry state in which I received them, 
no cold above the freezing point would have injured them 

all thP Wintpf J 

When they made the first effort to grow in March and 
April I removed them into a brick heat; and now they have 
the advance of those which were in heat during the winter; 
thL**t S °™ aS *u eir leaVes are full y formed * * shall ^move 
grernhous r r n S "° ^ Warmest end ° f the 

r * After making a season's growth in this country I would 


not of course recommend that they should be kept so cool 
next winter, but merely to give them from 40° to 45° of 
heat, and about the end of the spring to have them started 
in a frame if there be no stove at hand. 

" You will thus see how desirable it is, for the extension 
of the cultivation of this family, that we should procure all 
the species that are to be found in the higher latitudes in 
Mexico and other places, to enable amateurs of limited 
means to cultivate a few beautiful plants of Orchide^e ; for 
hitherto this fine tribe of plants has only been enjoyed by 
the wealthier classes." 

Mr. Beaton still further adds, in a subsequent letter, 
that, " from a collection of fine Orchide^:, just received 
from Mr. Skinner of Guatamala, I am enabled to give 
a fuller list of the hardy Orchide^i mentioned in my 
former letter. I believe this will be the first notice 
of plants of this tribe having been subjected to a cold 
temperature in this country ; and I have ample proof 
that these and many others will not do so well if they 
are subjected to a heat above 50° or 55° in winter. 
Nothing can be more difficult than to bring some of the 
plants in my list to any state of healthy growth in our ex- 
cessively-heated Orchideous houses ; but, treated as green- 
house plants, and with a little forcing for six weeks at the 
end of the spring, or whenever they show a disposition to 
new growth, they seem as easy to manage as the Stan- 
hopeas, or any other free-growing sorts. It is only the 
expense of fuel and the disagreeableness of very hot and 
damp houses that could prevent every lover of plants from 
indulging in this lovely tribe ; and if they could be satis- 
fied that there is even a portion of this lovely family that 
does not require such a treatment, it would be an induce- 
ment to their extensive cultivation. That such a portion 
does actually exist is clear from the following list of Or- 
chide^, which lived last winter at Kingsbury, and began 
growing in spring without artificial heat. The same species 
in the stove did not do so well, aud are now unwilling to 
yield to additional heat. 

L ilia autumnalis. 

furfur acea. 


Cattleya citrina. 

Oncioium leuehochilum . 

UiiAssAVOLA glauca for grandijlora J. 

Cyutochilum sp. (C. Russellii, Skinner.) 

Epidendrum ; 

Epidendrum ; a species which looks very much like the 
Schomburgkia, or Spead-Eagle ot the nurseries, 
but much stronger. Hartweg sent specimens of 
it from Chantla, in the State of Quesaltenango. 

Odontoglossum datum. 

Hartwegia purpurea, $c, #c." 
Descr. Root, or more properly, rhizoma, creeping, and 
bearing at uncertain intervals pseudo-bulbs, four to five 
inches long, which are compressed and two-edged, and which 
have also prominent angles on the two flattened sides, so as 
to render them tetraquetrous. These are clothed with large, 
keeled, membranaceous scales. Leaves generally two from 
each pseudo-bulb, sometimes one, varying much in size and 
length, from five to eight or nine inches, oblong-lanceolate, 
blunt, coriaceous, glossy, smooth and even on the surface. 
Scape from the top of the bulb in the axil of the leaves, a 
foot and a half to two feet long, two-edged, jointed, clothed 
with carinated scales, and bearing two or three large, ex- 
ceedingly showy flowers. Perianth delicate purplish rose- 
colour, spreading : Sepals lanceolate ; petals nearly ovate, 
all much acuminated, and each with a greenish line or nerve 
on the back. It may be observed that the petals and 
sepals in our plant have an exactly intermediate character 
between the a and (3 of Dr. Lindley. Lip large, three-lob- 
ed : the lateral lobes involute, so as to include the column, 
of a deep rose colour at the margin, within yellow with deep 
red lines ; middle lobe oblong, acute, recurved, deep purple, 
the disk with the base within yellow, and the middle having 
an elevated, thickened, yellow line, terminating in three 
ridges. Column semicylindrical. Pollen-masses eight. 

Fig. 1. Pollen : magnified. 

( 3805 ) 

Macropodium nivale. Siberian Macro- 


Class and Order. 
Tetradynamia Siliquosa. 

( Nat. Ord. — Crucifer^;. ) . 

Generic Character. 

Calyx laxus, basi aequalis. Petala indivisa. Glandular 
hypogyna? valvariae 4. Filamenta libera, edentula. Stigma 
punctiforme. Siliqua supra torum longissime pedicellata, 
sublinearis, plana, bilocularis, polysperma, dehiscens ; val- 
vulis plan is, nervosis ; placentis dorso obtusis. Semina 
pendula, uniserialia, submarginata, plana, laevia. Funiculi 
umbilicales subulati, liberi. Ledebour. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Macropodium* nivale ; foliis radicalibus ovali-lanceolatis 
obscure serratis longissime petiolatis, caulinis lanceo- 
latis sessilibus integerrimis, floribus sessilibus, petalis 
lineari-spathulatis. Hook. Bot. Misc. v. I. p. 340. 

Macropodium nivale. Br. Hort. Kew. ed. 2. v. 4. p. 108. 
De Cand. Prodr. v. 1. p.- 149. Ledeb. Fl. Alt. v. 3. p. 
32. Hook. I. c. t. 67. 

Cardamine nivalis. Pall. It. II. p. 568. et App. p. 740. n. 


Arabis nivalis. Spreng. Syst. Veget. 2. p. 893. 

This rare Cruciferous plant is more interesting to the 
Botanist than to the mere Florist. It was raised in the 
Glasgow Botanic Garden, from seeds sent by Professor 


* So named by Mr. Brown, from pa.*?*;, long, and wsj, woJfef, afoot; from 
the long pedicel or stalk to the fruit, at once so characteristic of the Genus. 

Ledebour, who gives as its locality,, alpine and subalpine 
situations of the Altai mountains at the verge of perpetual 
snow, never descending below four thousand feet above the 
level of the sea. The Genus was founded by Mr. Brown, 
on the Cardamine nivalis of Pallas ; and a second species, 
which is figured and described in Bot. Miscellany, (v. 1. p. 
341, tab. 68,) was detected by Mr. David Douglas, about 
the Columbia and Wallawallah rivers, N. W. America. I 
am aware, indeed, that Mr. Nuttall has referred this latter 
to a new Genus, Pachypodium,* and he expressly says it 
differs from Macropodium " in the very short stipe of the 
siliqua, and in the incumbent cotyledons." But the young 
fruit on my specimens does not exhibit a very short stipes 
(the perfect fruit I have not seen), and the habit is so en- 
tirely that of Macropodium, that I should be very unwilling 
to separate it from that Genus on slender grounds. 

Descr. Root perennial, creeping. Plant herbaceous, 
glabrous. Stem simple. Root-leaves large, oval-lanceolate, 
obtusely serrated, on long petioles. Stem-leaves sessile, 
lanceolate, entire. Spike long, of copious horizontal, or, 
soon deflexed, nearly sessile flowers. The very short pedi- 
cel is thickened where it receives the calyx. Sepals four, 
equal, erect, oblong, pale -green. Petals much longer 
than the calyx, erect, white, linear-spathulate, long, nar- 
row. Stamens six, tetradynamous. Anthers oblong, green- 
ish-yellow. Pistil terete, tapering below into a long pedi- 
cel or stipes. Fruit, a pendent siliqua, flattened and slightly 
falcate, stipes from half to three-quarters of an inch long. 
Seeds orbicular, compressed, smooth. 

* See Torrey and Gray's Fl. of N. Am. v. I. p. 96. 

Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Petal. 8. Stamens and Pistil : ^-magnified, i 
truit: — nat. size. 5. Seed: — magnified. 

( 3806 ) 

Oncidium Huntianum. Mr. Hunt's 


Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^:. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium explanatum. Sepala saepius undulata: late- 
ralibus nunc sublabello connatis. Petala conformia. La- 
bellum maximum ecalcaratum, cum columna continuum, 
variae lobatum, basi tuberculatum vel cristatum. Columna 
libera, semiteres, apice utrinque alata. Anthera semibilo- 
cularis, rostello nunc abbreviate, nunc elongate* rostrato. 
Pollinia 2, postice sulcata ; caudicula plana ; glandula ob- 
longa. — Herbal epiphytce, nunc pseudo-bulbosce. Folia cori- 
acea. Scapi paniculati vaginati, rarius simplices. Flores 
speciosi, lutei, saepius maculati, raro albi. Lindl. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Oncidium Huntianum ; pseudo-bulbo unico, folio solitario 
oblongo coriaceo crasso acutiusculo basi attenuato 
sessili, scapo longissimo, racemo composito elongato, 
pedicellis bi-trifloris, sepalis petalisque patentibus ob- 
longo-ovatis crispatis, labello trilobo basi supra sub- 
5-tuberculato, lobis lateralibus crassis acutiusculis, in- 
termedio subflabelliformi longiore medio emarginato, 
columna bialata. 

A new Oncidium, from the inexhaustible resources of 
Brazil, having been sent to the Woburn collection (where 

it flowered in October, 1839,) by Hunt, Esq. of Rio 

de Janeiro. Its affinity probably is with O. Carthaginense ; 
but the flowers are smaller, very much more beautifully 
marked and coloured, and the lip has a totally different 


Descr. The leaf is solitary, large, oblong, somewhat 
acute, very thick and coriaceous, tapering at its base, which 
springs at once from the root, and is only surrounded by 
some brown scales. Scape from the base of the leaf, very 
long, and bearing a long, narrow, compound raceme, with 
distantly-placed short branches, each with from one to three 
flowers. These flowers are white, beautifully spotted and 
mottled with red. Sepals (all free) and petals equal, spread- 
ing, oblongo-ovate or obovate, somewhat clawed, waved. 
Up rather longer than the sepals, pendent, three-lobed, 
with about five tubercles (two larger and three smaller) at 
the base : the lateral lobes standing out horizontally, and 
rather acute, the intermediate one much larger, fan-shaped, 
with a notch in the middle. Column short, white, orange 
at the base, bearing above on each side of the anthers a 
large rose-coloured wing. 

Fig. 1. Flower : — magnified. 

,«i* 3#01 


l'n/r./>i/ S Qtrtu fffaxmirood, E.tsm.Jufy 

( 3807 ) 

Oncidium pachyphyllum. Thick-leaved 

Class and Order. 

Gynandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide,e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium explanatum. Sepala saepius undulata ; late- 
ralibus nunc sub labello connatis. Petala conforrnia. La- 
bellum maximum ecalcaratum, cum columna continuum, 
vane lobatum, basi tuberculatum v. cristatmn. Columna 
libera, semiteres, apice utrinque alata. Anthera semibilo- 
cularis, rostello nunc abbreviate, nunc elongato rostrato. 
PoUinia 2, postice sulcata; caudicula plana; glandula ob- 
longa. — Herbae epiphytcB, nunc pseudo-bulbosce. Folia cori- 
acea. Scapi paniculati vaginati, rarius simplices. Flores 
speciosi, lutei, scepius maculati, raro albi. Lindl. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Oncidium pachyphyllum; pseudo-bulbo nullo, folio ellip- 
tico-oblongo apice recurvo acuto crassissimo, panicula 
amp a,sepalis late obovato-spathulatis undulatis liberie 
petalis similibus sed paulo angustioribus, labello tri- 
partite disco basi tuberculis 4 cruciatim dispositis 
qumto in medio, laciniis lateralibus obovatis inter- 
media transversim oblonga emarginata, columna utrin- 
que ala oblonga deflexa. 

rhis is another extremely handsome Mexican Orchideous 
plant, for which the Woburn Collection is indebted to 
John Parkinson, Esq. It is remarkable for its large, thick, 
and very coriaceous leaf, its ample panicle loaded with 
blossoms of a greenish yellow colour, spotted with orange 
and red purple., and not destitute of fragrance. It flowered 
in January. 



Descr. There is no evident stem, no pseudo-bulb. Roots 
consisting of numerous thick, whitish, fleshy fibres, from 
the top of which springs the solitary Zea/ almost a foot long, 
singularly thick and coriaceous, keeled on the middle at 
the back, the point a little reflexed and acute : the base has 
three or four imbricated scales, of which the outer one is 
withered and membranaceous, the rest green and herba- 
ceous. From the base of this leaf, and from within one of the 
scales just mentioned, arises the peduncle, as thick as a 
goose-quill, bracteated, two feet and more long, terminated 
by a large many-flowered panicle. Pedicel, including the 
cylindrical ovary, an inch and a half long. Flowers an inch 
across the whole perianth waved. Sepals free to the base, 
broadly obovato-spathulate, greenish-yellow spotted with 
red-purple, concave : the petals similar to them in form and 
colour, but rather narrower. Lip yellow, deeply divided into 
three lobes the lateral lobes obovate, the middle one trans- 
verse, broadly oblong, tapering at the base, the apex notched : 
the disk ot the labellum at the base is considerably elevat- 
ed, spotted with orange, and bears four tubercles placed in 
a cross-shaped manner, and between them a larger and 
more prominent one. Column short, having on each side, 
near the top, a curved wing or horn-like process pointing 
downwards. Anther-case very large. 

Fig. 1. Column and Lip '.—magnified. 


■tUtf itt* 

( 3808 ) 
Salvia patens. Spreading Sage. 

■S^. A'. &• l^. . v l / . &. •~i / . ■. v l / . A', _ v t / . . V K .'!'■ /fr. .'&'■ .'I'. -^ ^l', -^ 

CZass «wrf Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Labiate. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx subcampanulatus, bilabiatus, labio superiore 3- 
dentato, inferiore bifido. Corolla ringens. Filamenta duo 
fertilia bifida, lobo altero adscendenti anthera dimidiata, 
altero sterili. Br. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Salvia patens ; radice tuberosa, foliis cordatis aut hastatis 
ovato-oblongis supra pilosis subtus pubescentibus flo- 
ralibus lanceolato-linearibus, verticillastris remotis 
subbifloris, floribus maximis, galea falcata, labelli tri- 
lobi lobis lateralibus minutis acutis intermedio trans- 
verso concavo subangulato emarginato. 

Salvia patens. Cav. Ic. v. 5. p. 33. t. 454. Spreng. Syst. 
Veget. v. I. p. 63. Benth. Lab. p. 395, in Hort. Trans. 
N. S. v. 2. p. 222. t. 10. Lindl. Bot. Reg. 1839, t. 23. 

This splendid species of Sage is said to have been first 
introduced to our gardens from Mexico by Mr. Page of 
Southampton, and is now in very general cultivation. Like 
the bright scarlet -blossomed Mexican Salvias it will only 
succeed in the open air during the summer months; and then 
in a warm sheltered situation in a South aspect it bears its 
large, handsome flowers of the richest dark ultramarine blue 
inclining to purple. Mr. Curtis, (at whose Nursery at Gla- 
zenwood this drawing was made by Miss Dally,) observes 
that there are many varieties in his Collection, varying in 
the foliage, which is sometimes wholly green, sometimes 
deeply stained with purple at the back like Cineraria 


omenta, and in the colour of the blossoms, which are of a 
more or less intense blue. The one here figured he con- 
siders the handsomest of them all, and certainly few plants 
can be more lovely. 

Descr. Stem from two to three feet high, square, pu- 
bescenti-hirsute. Leaves on long, grooved footstalks, large, 
hastate, serrated, downy and ciliated, reticulated, smaller 
upwards. Spikes of flowers elongated. Bracteas linear- 
lanceolate. Pedicels solitary, opposite, one -flowered. 
Flower very large, perhaps the largest of the Genus. Calyx 
gF|en, sometimes tinged with purple, two-lipped, upper lip 
bifid, lower trifid. Corolla as described in the specific 
character :— there are three white, transverse bands at the 
base of the lower lip. 

islaAenit'eca 'Essex Jubjl. If *0 

( 3809 ) 

Marica humilis; var. 2, lutea. Humble 
Marica ; yellow var. 


Class and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Iridace^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium dispar, sepalorum lamina patentee petalorum 
minore incurve revoluta ungue cyinbiformi inferne solido 
an gust iore ; stylus inferne gracilis superne incrassatus tri- 
gonus trilobus lobis acute rigide tricristatis crista antica 
stigmatis lobos interposita., posticis altioribus, stigmatibus 
mollibus transversis brevibus ; jilamenta libera disco inserta ; 
antherce oblongo-ovales loculis lateralibus connectivo fila- 
mentum continuante dorso styli lobis agglutinato ; folia 
plana raargine opposito alternantia ; caulis alato-planus 
prolifer ; capsula cr*asse coriacea reflexe dehiscens ; semina 
testacea sub-oblongo-angulata et (quoad genera cognata) 
magna. Plantce Americana tropica rhizomate brevi. fV. H. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Marica humilis; spatha communi foliacea acuta recta pe- 
dunculos summos subaequaute, peduuculo inferiore 
bracteato, caule summo aequifurcato, flore modico pur- 
pureo-lutescente., cristis tenuibus. 

V. 1. princcps. Lod. Bot. Cab. 1081. Folia dodrantalia- 
sesquipedalia sesquiunciam lata acuta subarcuata ; 
caulis infra articulum 14-unc. ala inferne gradatim 
angustiore, superne vix unciam lata, 7-unc. articulum 
superans; bractece caulina: subfalcatae 1| — 1^-unciales, 
ramuli ultrauuciales, spathce subdecemflorae valvis 2 
cymbiformibus pedunculos uncialcs subajquantibus 
bracteis interuis conformibus teouioribtis ; perianthium 
sepalorum ungue lato subpatulo pubescente liitesccule 
transverse lusco-purpureo 4-striato, lamina recurvo- 


deflexa sordide lutea medio intus lactescente, petalo- 
rum unguelutescente oblique biseriatim striato, lamina 
marginibus reflexis, gibbo medio et unguis marginibus 
pubescentibus, apice saturate purpureo macula infra 
alba caeruleo-striata ad basim lutea ; filamenta disci 
papillis tribus inserta linearia angusta plana incurvo- 
conniventia ; pollen pallidum ; stylus interne filiformis, 
cristis teuuibus, antica apice subreflexo, posticis erec- 
tis ; stigmata lobis discretis obtusis incurvis. Descrip- 
tio ex plantd Loddigesiand Spofforthice jlorida. 
V. 2. lutea; (nisi per se M. lutea? quod ex tabula picta 
non affirmare ansim) foliis angustioribus erectioribus, 
obsoletorum basi bracteaeformiter caulescente, bracteis 
longioribus rectioribus, perianthio sepalorum lamina 
saturate lutea (ungue 5-striato?) petalorum apice albo 
viridi transverse striato ? W. H. 

This plant, (a native of Brazil ?) having flowered in the 
Glasgow Botanic Garden during the absence of Sir W. J. 
Hooker, its features can only be gathered from the sketch, 
which is too rude to enable reliance to be placed on some 
of the nice points in the structure and colour of the flower. 
It evidently approaches near to M. humilis, being distin- 
guished, if the drawing is quite correct, by narrower and 
straighter leaves, with a short bracteate stem, by longer 
and straighter bracts enclosing the ramules, and brighter 
yellow sepals, with five instead of four bars of a redder 
colour, and the ends of the petals white with green bars 
instead of plain purple. If these features should be con- 
firmed by further observation, and should prove invariable, 
the plant may be distinguishable as M. lutea. 

The name Marica was most improperly substituted by 
Schreber for Cipura of Aublet, which belongs to palu- 
dosa, and must be restored. It was subsequently applied 
by Mr. Ker in 1803 to M. Northiana, which is, therefore, 
the type, and he proposed to add to the Genus the plant 
before called Iris Martinicensis (Trimezia Martinicensis of 
Salisbury), with the Ixia Americana of Aublet, under the 
name of M. plicala, and perhaps the Sisyrinchium palmifo- 
tium of Linnaeus, the two last of which have no close affinity 
to the Genus Marica. The character was so loosely framed 
that other Genera were afterwards blended with it. Marica 
(confined, as it must be, to Northiana and the plants 
Nvluch truly conform with it) is distinguished by flat leaves 


placed edgeways, a flat winged proliferous stalk ending in 
a leaflike common spathe or bract, sepals and petals very 
dissimilar, the former larger and deflexly patent, the latter 
boat-shaped, with an incurved central knob, and a revolute 
end, capsule hard, coriaceous, and reflexly dehiscent, seeds 
angularly oblong or nearly square, and much larger than 
in the plants Mr. Ker proposed to unite with it ; the style 
slender below, triangularly enlarged upwards into three 
lobes, each bearing three, sharp, rigid crests, of which two 
are behind and one springs from between the lobes of the 
true stigma, which is soft, short, and transverse like that 
of Iris. W. H. 

Fig. (W. H.) 1. represents one Style -lobe of M. humilis princeps. 
(W. H.) 2. Two Style-lobes and Stamens of ditto. 

Maricm Species Notce. 

1. Northiana ; spatha coramuni foliacea circ. 3i-unc. subfalcata flores 

subaequante, caule supra articulum brevi crasso mox deflexo, peri- 
anthio unguibus luteis rubro maculosis, sepalorum lamina luteo- 
lactescente petalorum apice subca&ruleo. Supra 654. 

2. ccerulea- spatha communi foliacea subdodrantali flores subaequante, 

ramulis subfasciculatis elongatis, perianthio unguibus luteis rubro 
maculosis, laimms caeruleo-purpurascentibus, cristis brevioribus 
lationbus. Bot. Reg. 713. 

3. humilis. Lodd. Bot. Cab. 1081. 

4. humilis, v. lutea, vel M. lutea ? 

5. gracilis /spatha foliacea ultrapedali flores longe superante, ramulis 

et spatha} valyis gracilibus, perianthio unguibus luteis purpura 
maculosis sepalorum lamina alba petalorum apice purpureo, cristis 
tenuibus. Supra 3713. 

6. Sabimana; spatha communi foliacea ultrapedali 2-unc. lata flores 

superante, perianthii unguibus luteis rubro transverse biseriatim 
stnatis, laminis (petalorum saturatius) purpurascentibus. Hort. 
Soc. Tr. v. 6. p. I. 
Omnes, ni fallor, ex America tropica. W. H. 


( 3810 ) 



Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^:. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala explanata, lanceolata, aequalia. Petala majora 
panlo difformia. Labellum (posticum) 3-partitum, lamella- 
turn, circa columnam convolutum. Columna aptera, car- 
nosa, antice canaliculata. Anthera 8-locularis. Pollinia 
8; caudiculis 4 elasticis. — Herbae epiphytce, rhizomate pseu- 
do-bulbifero. Scapi terminales pauci v. multifiori. Flores 
speciosi, odorati. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Iaejapl furfuracea ; pseudobulbis ovatis striatis submono- 
phyllis, foliis anguste oblongis erectis acutis scapo 
umnoro (?) tereti, multo brevioribus, bracteis ob- 
longis membranaceis acutis, sepalis lanceolatis acu- 
minatis patentissimis, petalis subrhombeis lanceolatis 
imdulatis sublobatis, labelli trilobi bilamellati lobis 
lateralibus erectis rotundatis tmncatis intermedio ob- 
longo revoluto, ovario glandulis nisrris furfuraceo. 
Lindl. b • 

L^lia furfuracea. Lindl. Bot. Reg. 1839, t. 26. 

From the Woburn Gardens, where it was received from 
Mexico, through Mr. Parkinson. " It is," as Professor 
Lindley observes, " very like L. autumnalis (Tab. 27, vol. 
for 1839) ; but its pseudo-bulbs are merely ovate and 
slightly (in our old pseudo-bulbs very deeply) furrowed; 
the leaves are solitary or in pairs, not in twos or threes : 


they are erect and straight, not spreading and curved ; the 
flowers have little or no smell ; the petals are so much 
undulated as to appear lobed, and they are distinctly rhom- 
boidal, and, finally, the ovary is closely covered with black, 
mealy glands. It would seem, moreover, that the scape 
does not bear more than one flower, instead of several." 

Having the three species of L^lia (L. anceps, L. autum- 
nalis, and L. furfuracea,) from Mr. Forbes of the gardens 
at Woburn Abbey, I can bear testimony to the accuracy 
of Dr. Lindley's specific distinctions ; and may state, with 
regard to the present species, in addition to what he has 
above remarked, that though its leaves are the smallest, 
they are the thickest and most coriaceous of any of the 
three, and that in our specimens at least the middle lobe 
of the labellum is not obtuse with a mucro, as in L. autum- 
nalis, but decidedly and rather suddenly acuminated. The 
pollen-masses are exactly like those of L. autumnalis; 
but rather different from those of L. anceps. 

Fig. 1. Column. 2. 3. Pollen-masses .'—magnified. 


( 3811 ) 

Rhododendron Caucasicum ; hybridum. Hybrid 
var. of Rhododendron Caucasicum. 

Class and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 5-partitus. Corolla infundibuliformis 5-lobus. 
Stamina 5 — 10, declinata : antheris apice biporosis. Cap- 
sula 5-locularis., 5-valvis, ab apice dehiscens valvarum 
marginibus inflexis dissepimenta formantibus : Recepta- 
culum centrale. Semina membrana involuta. 

Specific Name and Synonyms. 

Rhododendron Caucasicum ; hybridum. 

Rhododendron Caucasicum. Pall. Ross. I. p. 4. t. 31. 

(See Bot. Mag. L 3422 J 
Rhododendron (Azalea) Pontica ; var. albiflora. (See Bot. 

Mag. t. 2383 J 

For this hybrid Rhododendron, the Botanic Garden of 
Glasgow is indebted to the kindness of Mr. James Vejtch, 
of Exeter, who informs us it was the offspring of the R. 
Caucasicum, and R. (Azalea) Ponticum, albijlorum : and 
though so far interesting, yet it cannot be considered an 
improvement upon either parent. Our plant from which 
the figure was taken blossomed in May, 1838. 


( 3812 ) 

Zygopetalum Africanum. African 


Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchideje. ) 

Generic Character, 

Perianthium explanation, sepalis petalisque ascendenti- 
bus, subaequalibus, cum ungue producto columnar connatis. 
Labellum muticum, indivisum, patens, ungue ascendente ; 
crista magna transversa carnosa. Columna brevis, arcuata, 
semiteres. Anthera subbilocularis. Pollinia 2, bipartibilia, 
in glandulam transversam subsessilia. — Herbae terrestres, 
subacaules, foliis plicatis patentibus. Flores speciosi, la- 
bello cceruleo. Lindl. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Zygopetalum Africanum; foliis lanceolatis striatis, scapo 
longissimo, racemo elongato laxo simplici, sepalis 
petalisque lineari -lanceolatis, labello stipitato basi 
lamellis duabus carnosis oblongis acutis, lobo medio 
lato ovato acuminato undulato apice reflexo, columna 
cylindracea superne utrinque alata. 

I think there can be no question on the propriety of re- 
ferring this plant to Zygopetalum, the first of the Genus 
that has been discovered inhabiting the old world. It was 
sent by Dr. Whitfield from Sierra Leone to the Woburn 
Collection, whence Mr. Forbes has obligingly transmitted 
the present flowering specimen in December, 1839. 

Descr. Pseudo-bulbs five to six inches long, oblong, 
compressed, obscurely striated or furrowed ; the younger 
ones partially sheathed with large distichous, imbricated 


scales, and terminated by a single leaf, about a foot long, 
lanceolate, striated. Scape from the base of a pseudo- 
bulb, full three feet long, as thick as a goose-quill near the 
base, terete, jointed, with sheathing scales, which gradually 
pass into subulate bracteas at the base of the pedicels. 
Flowers in a long, simple raceme, destitute of scent. Sepals 
united at their base, linear-lanceolate, the uppermost one 
the broadest ; petals similar to the lateral sepals in shape 
and size, and both sepals and petals greenish -yellow, 
blotched with brown. Lip moderately large, contracted at 
the base and tapering into a short stipes : lateral lobes ob- 
solete, unless the two large, upright, oblong, fleshy, la- 
mellae constituting a conspicuous crest near the base of the 
labellum can be so called, and which are yellow tinged 
with rose-colour and white :— middle lobe large, broadly 
ovate, acuminate, waved, especially at the margin, the apex 
reflexed : the colour is white, tinged with flesh colour and 
yellow, and it is faintly striated. Column elongated, cylin- 
drical, dingy yellow spotted with reddish colour, a little 
thickened upwards and there furnished with two conspi- 
cuous orange-coloured projecting wings, one on each side. 
Anther-case helmet-shaped. Pollen-masses two, obovate, 
waxy, obscurely two-lobed behind : these are fixed upon a 
slender caudicle, at the base of which is a linear, brown 

Fig. 1. Lip. 2. Column. 3. Pollen-masses. 

( 3813 ) 

Cereus latifrons. Broad-stemmed 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Cacte^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala numerosissima imbricata, basi ovario adnata, in 
tubum elongatum concreta, exteriora breviora calycinalia, 
media longiora colorata, intima petaliformia. Stamina 
numerosissima cum tubo concreta. Stylus filiformis, apice 
multifidus. Bacca areolata, sepalorum reliquiis squamata 
aut tuberculosa. Cotyledones acuminata?. — Frutices car- 
nosi, subglobosi vel elongati, stricti, articulati vel repentes, 
axi ligneo interne medullifero donati, angulis verticalibus, 
spmarum fasciculos gerentibus vel inermibus, irregulariter 
sulcati. Anguli seu alee nunc plurimce, nunc paucissimce, 
ranus duee tantum et tunc rami compresso-alati inermes. 
Flores ampli e spinarum fasciculis lateralibus trunci aut 
ramorum vetustiorum 3 aut crenis angulorum orti. Fructus 
oviformes, plerumque anno sequente maturescentes, edules. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Cereus latifrons ; ramis maximis planis foliaceis viridibus 

apice obtusis, marginibus repando-dentatis, deutibus 

truncatis. Pfeiff. 
Cereus latifrons. " Zucc. in Act. Acad. Bavar. 1837. 2. p. 

735. Pfeiffer, Enum. Cact. p. 125. Pfeiff. et Otto, 

Cactees, tab. 13. f. 2. 
Cereus oxypetalus. De Cand. Revue, tab. 14. 
Epiphyllum latifrons. Zucc. in Cat. Hort. Monac. 1836. 

From the collection of the Messrs. Mackie of Norwich, 
by whom I am favoured with the drawing, from which ibe 


VOL. XIV. e 

annexed engraving is made. This species was, I believe, 
one of Mr. Hitchin's collection, who received it from the 
continent under the name of Epiphyllum oxypetalum, 
(Cereus oxypetalus, DC.) which Dr. Pfeiffer, it appears, 
justly considers the same as the C. latifrons of Zuccarini, 
a much more appropriate name it must be confessed. It is 
certainly very nearly allied to our C. phyllanthus (Bot. 
Mag. t. 2692, the C.phyllanthus, var. flore major e of De 
Cand., C. Hookeri, Haw., and of Pfeiffer and Otto, Cac- 
tees, tab. 5.) These latter authors say, that it differs from 
C. Hookeri " par la crenelure de ces rameaux et par la 
forme de sa fleur :" but these distinctions are not very evi- 
dent, even in their own figures. It flowers in August. 

Descr. A tall-growing plant, incapable of supporting 
itself, jointed and proliferously branched ; the branches and 
joints elongated, very broad and compressed, with an ele- 
vated nerve or costa in the middle, and which sends out a 
branch where a flower arises, the margin crenulated, some- 
times tinged with purple. From a crenature of the mar- 
gin the flower arises, which is peculiarly large, solitary, and 
handsome. Tube very long and slender, tinged with pur- 
ple, and beset with purple or reddish scales, which gradually 
pass into the calycine segments, and these almost impercept- 
ibly into petals : the latter are pure white, lanceolate, acu- 
minated. Stamens long, numerous, yellowish-white. Style 
red, longer than the stamens. Stigma of many yellow rays. 

( 3814 ) 
Malva purpurata. Purple Mallow. 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Malvaceae. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx cinctus involucro 3-phyllo rarius 5 — 6-phyllo, 
bracteolis oblongis setaceisve. Carpella capsularia plu- 
rima in orbem disposita. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Malva purpurata ; herbacea pubescens, ascendens, foliis 
inferioribus 5 — 7-partitis superioribus 3-partitis, laci- 
niis piunatifidis furcatisque segmentis oblongis, flori- 
bus axillaribus solitariis, pedunculis petiolo longio- 
ribus, involucro di- triphyllo foliolis linearibus deci- 

Malva purpurata. Lindl. Bot. Reg. t. 1362. 

A handsome perennial, drawn from the greenhouse of the 
Glasgow Botanic Garden. It is a native of the Cumbre, a 
pass in the Andes of Chili, and was introduced to the garden 
of the Horticultural Society by Mr. Macrae. In England 
it is treated as a hardy plant; but requires a dry season to 
bring it to perfection. I have seen no native specimens: 
but it is unquestionably very nearly related to the Malva 
tenuifolia (Am. et Hook, in Bot. Miscell. v. 3. p. 150), and 
I cannot but feel doubtful as to the propriety of referring 
these plants to Malva rather than to Sida. The two or 
three bracteas, for they are not constant in number, do not 
form a whorl so as to constitute a real involucre ; but spring 
from different heights, and so quickly do they wither and 
fall away that even in the state of the bud, the calyx is 
often destitute of them. The (lowering season of our plant 
i> . I une and July. 


Descr. Stems ascending, very downy and slightly canes- 
cent. Leaves alternate, petiolate, cordate in their circum- 
scription, downy, the lower ones 5 — 7-parted, the lobes 
pinnatifid, segments oblong, the apices acute, bi- or trifid : 
the upper leaves are mostly tripartite, with the segments 
narrower and less divided. Petiole one and a half or two 
inches long, with two broadly subulate, deciduous stipules 
at the base. Peduncles axillary, solitary, single-flowered, 
erect, longer than the petiole. Calyx deeply five-cleft, the 
segments acuminated, spreading, downy, with two or three 
deciduous linear or almost filiform bracteas. Corolla mo- 
derately large. Petals purple-lilac, obcordate. 

Fig. 1. Calyx : magnified. 

( 3815 ) 
Gesneria mollis. Soft-leaved Gesneria. 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Gesneriace^. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx ovarii basi adnatus, limbo subinaequaliter 5-partito 
libero. Corolla tubulosa ima basi 5-gibberosa aut aequa- 
liter subtumida, limbo 5-fido., lobis nunc in labio duo dis- 
poses, nunc subaequalibus. Stamina 4, imae corollae ad- 
nata, didynama cum quinti rudimento. Antherce juniores, 
cohaerentes. Stylus filiformis, stigmate capitato aut bilobo. 
Glandulce perigynce 2 — 5 circa ovarii basin. Capsula cori- 
acea 1-locularis bivalvis, valvis convexis, placentis 2 parie- 
talibus polyspermis. Semina scobiformia. — Herbae peren- 
nes, radice tuberosa ; rarius frutices. Caulis simplex aut 
opposite ramosus. Folia opposita aut verticillata dentata. 
Pedunculi simplices uniflori aut ramosi multijlori, axillares 
aut in thyrsum racemumve terminalem dispositi. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Gesneria mollis; foliis oppositis suboblique ovatis acumi- 
natis serratis supra dense velutino-pubescentibus subtus 
ramisque teretibus dense longeque sericeo-pilosis, pe- 
dicellis elongatis umbellatis (3 — 5), pedunculo brevis- 
simo, calycis lobis lineari-subulatis, corollae densae 
hirsutae limbo subaequali 5-lobo (maculato) lobis acu- 
tis reflexis, stylo exserto, stigmate bifido. 

Gesneria mollis. Humb. et Kunth, Nov. Gen. Am. Merid. 
v. 2. p. 317. t. 191. Spreng. Syst. Veget. v. 2. p. 838. 
De Cand. Prodr. v. 7. p. 531. 

I am indebted to Mr. Beaton, the very accomplished gar- 
dener at Kingsbury, (already mentioned under tab. 3804 


of this volume,) for the handsome Gesneria here represent- 
ed. "Seeds of this plant/' he says, "were transmitted by Mr. 
Mackenzie, the collector at the Caraccas for Mr. Harris and 
Mr. Lowe of the Clapton Nursery, and sent to both these 
zealous cultivators in February, 1819; so that the plant shows 
its flowers in fourteen months from the planting of the seeds. 
Mackenzie found it at the foot of St. Pedro, thirty miles 
from the city of Caraccas. This species does not produce 
tuberous roots like most of the Genus, yet the stems are 
herbaceous, and die down after producing seeds ; at least, I 
think so from a cluster of scaly, creeping stems now forming 
of the colour of the plant, and which are analogous to the 
roots of Trevirana coccinea. The plant having begun 
thus early to provide itself with these creeping stems for 
producing a succession of flowering-stems and for extending 
itself on all sides, may be taken in evidence that this species 
does not require much rest, like the large tuberous-rooted 
Gesnerice. The steins are about eighteen inches high ; but 
when the plant is older and stronger, we may expect them 
greatly to exceed that size. The seeds, like all of the 
Genus, are very small, and should be sown in sand previ- 
ously watered, and then pressed down gently in the wet 
sand, but not covered. The young plants will rise in a few 
days and ought to be kept in a shady place till they are fit 
to be transplanted." — 1 think there can be no doubt of its 
being the G. mollis of Humboldt and Kunth, though there 
are some slight discrepancies, but not more than may be 
accounted for from the circumstance of Humboldt's figure 
being made from dried specimens. 

Descr. The shrubby stems and whole underside of the 
leaves are clothed with long, dense, silky hairs. From the 
axils of the leaves the very short peduncles appear, solitary, 
scarcely more than a line long, having at the top some 
small bracteal scales. Umbel of from three to five flowers, 
on long hairy pedicels. Calyx with long, subulate divi- 
sions; the tube incorporated with the lower half of the 
ovary. Corolla funnel-shaped, rather densely hairy, red ; 
—the throat moderately open ; the limb equal, of five short, 
reHexed, acute lobes, orange spotted with red. Stamens 
included. Style exserted. Ovary very hairy, with five, 
equal-sized, yellow glands at the base. Stigma bifid. 

Fig. 1. Pistil : magnified. 

( 3816 ) 

Stylidium fasciculatum. Fascicled- 
leaved Stylidium. 


Class and Order. 
Gynandria Diandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Stylidie^;. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calycis limbus bilabiatus. Corolla irregularis quinque- 
fida, lacinia quiuta (labello) dissimili minore saepius de- 
flexa,reliquis patentibusinterdum geminatim cohaerentibus. 
Columna genitalium reclinata duplici flexura. Anthers 
bilobae lobis divaricatissimis. Stigma obtusurn indivisum. 
Capsula bilocularis septo superne interdum incompleto. — 
Herbal aut suffruticuli. Folia aut radicalia rosulata aut 
secus caulem sparsa, interdum basi attenuata. Pili scepius 
apice glandulosi. De Cand. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Stylidium fasciculatum ; caulibus plurimis adscendentibus 
glaberrimis foliosis, foliis linearibus acutis summis fas- 
ciculato-subverticillatis, floribus in spicam subracemo- 
sam terminalem bracteatam ad rachin glabram digestis, 
capsula cotnpressa lanceolata loculo superiore vacuo 

Stylidium fasciculatum. Brown, Prod. Fl. Nov. Holl. p. 
5T2. De Cand. Prod. 7. p. 337 ? Spreng. Syst. Veg. 
3. p. 749 f Lindl. in Bot. Reg. t. 1459, certe. 

Professor Lindley has pointed out the only difference 
between the cultivated plant and Mr. Brown's specific 
character; but this difference, which lies in the ovarium and 
fruit having only one perfect cell, is certainly neither acci- 
dental nor the effect of cultivation, as our figure of the ripe 
fruit, taken from a wild plant, will show. Native specimens 
were sent bv Mr. Baxter from King George's Sound, and 
' they 

they accord in every respect with that cultivated. M. De 
Candolle appears to have seen only the latter, and yet he 
follows Mr. Brown in saying-, that both cells of the capsule 
bear seed, while at the same time he refers to the Botanical 
Register, where the contrary is asserted. 

Descr. Stems several from the same root, from one to 
two feet high, glabrous, leafy, particularly on the upper 
portion, slightly branched. Leaves linear, acute, very 
slightly rough : the upper ones as well as the bracteas, calyx, 
and outside of the corolla furnished with a short, glandular 
pubescence ; lower ones scattered, upper ones fascicled, 
and forming a kind of verticel of several approximated rows. 
Spike from two and a half to six inches long, erect, shortly 
stalked, resembling a raceme on account of the attenuated 
base of the elongated ovaries : rachis glabrous. Bracteas 
subulate, incurved and slightly falcate. Calyx five-cleft, 
two-lipped, glandular, segments subulate. Corolla irregu- 
lar, five-cleft, one of the divisions resembling a lip, smaller 
than and of a different shape from the others, and deflexed: 
the other divisions oval, quite entire, white and spotted 
with red at the base. Stamens two : filaments united into a 
column with the style. Anthers two-lobed, incumbent on 
the stigma, the lobes much divaricated. Style one, united 
with the column of stamens. Stigma blunt, undivided. 
Ovary inferior, or cohering with the tube of the calyx, 
narrow-linear, twice as long as the bractea, attenuated at 
each extremity, compressed, with a ridge along the upper 
side, two-celled, the lower or anterior cell bearing many 
ovules; the upper minute and empty, contained within the 
ridge. Capsule compressed, lanceolate, attenuated at the 
apex, two-celled, the upper cell a mere indurated, empty, 
very narrow tube, which is indehiscent : lower cell ventri- 
cose, bursting along the placenta which is attached to the 
upper margin. Seeds small, oval, slightly roughish, chest- 
nut-coloured. Albumen between oily and fleshy, inclosing 
the minute embryo. 

Professor Lindley mentions the plant to be annual, and only three 
or lour inches high : in the greenhouse of the Botanical Garden of Glas- 
gow its duration is more than annual, and it attains to about two feet. 
it is a very charming plant, no less deserving of cultivation for its beauty, 
than for the singular property of the column of stamens being endowed 

S?AH?J act T -^ lty ' so that if touched with a P in on the out ' 

hn n, f% lt l bounds over ^ the opposite side of the flower and 

rfS^'T^^'^LlL^L^fv^ 111 Wow. both seated on the ape. 


( 3817 ) 


Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchideje. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala explanata, lanceolata, aequalia. Petala majora, 
paulo difformia, carnosa, explanata. Labellum posticum, 
3-partitum, lamellatum, circa columnam convolutum. Co- 
lumna aptera, carnosa, antice canaliculata. Anthera — ? 
Pollinia 8, caudiculis quatuor elasticis. — Herbae epiphytes, 
rhizomate pseudo-bulbifero. Folia carnosa. Scapi termi- 
nates, pauci vel multiflori. Flores speciosi, odorati. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

LasLiA autumnalis; pseudo-bulbis ovatis teretibus costatis 
apice attenuatis 2 — 3-phyllis, foliis oblongo-linearibus 
paten tissi mis scapo multo brevioribus, scapo tereti 
apice subsexfloro, bracteis oblongis membranaeeis 
acutis, sepalis lanceolatis acuminatis patentissimis, pe- 
talis oblongo-lanceolatis undulatis, labelli trilobi bila- 
mellati lobis lateralibus erectis rotundatis truncatis in- 
termedio oblongo-lanceolato apice reflexo, ovario gla- 
bro. Lindl. 

LiELiA autumnalis. Lindl. Sp. Orchid, p. 115. Bate- 
man, Orch. Mexic. et Guatemal. t. 9. Lindl. Bot. Reg. 
1839. t. 27. 

"Bletia autumnalis. " La Llave et Lexarx. Nov. Veg. 
Descr. 2. 19." 

Similar as tbe general appearance of this beautiful plant 
is to Ljjlia anceps (Botanical Register, tab. 1751) : it is 
nevertheless abundantly distinct, in its pseudo-bulbs, scapes, 
and flowers, as well as in its agreeable perfume. Our spe- 

cimen, here figured,, is from the Woburn Collection, to 
which the plants were sent from Mr. Parkinson in July, 

Descr. Pseudo-bulbs oblong-lanceolate, obscurely fur- 
rowed, with two opposite, blunt edges, otherwise nearly 
terete, sheathed with large, imbricated, closely applied 
scales, and crowned with two leaves, which do not exceed 
five inches in length, oblong, obtuse, coriaceous, smooth. 
Scape from between the two leaves, a foot and a half to two 
feet high, terete, jointed, with sheathing scales at the joints, 
terminated with from two to four flowers, which are large, 
showy, and fragrant. Perianth very similar to that of 
L. anceps ; but destitute of the green rib. Lip with two 
large, erect, whitish side-lobes, and an obovate, obtuse, 
apiculated, deep purple intermediate one: in the disk are 
two very distinct, upright, membranous, long lamellae or 
plates. Column semicylindrical. Pollen-masses, with the 
four superior lobes obcordate, the four lower ones smaller, 

Fig. 1. Column. 2. Pollen-masses. 3. Side view of ditto : — magnified. 


( 3818 ) 

Batemannia Colleyi. Mr. Colley's 


Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Flores ringentes. Sepala patentia, lateralia unguiculata 
basi aequalia. Petala sepalis latiora, basi obliqua, pedi 
producto columnae adnata. Labellum cum columna articu- 
latum, trilobum, cucullatum. Columna semiteres, basi 
elongata, clinandrio marginato. Anthera parva, bilocu- 
laris, membranacea. Pollinia 2, postice biloba, glandula 
triangularis caudicula nulla. Lindl. 

Specific Name and Synonym. 

Batemannia * Colleyi. 

Batemannia Colleyi. Lindl. Bot. Reg. t. 1714. 

The plant from which the accompanying drawing was 
taken, was sent by Dr. Fraser from Demerara to the 
Glasgow Botanic Garden, having been first detected by 
Mr. Colley, Mr. Bateman's collector, in the same country. 
W ith us, its flowering season is February : the blossoms 
yield a disagreeable odour. 

Descr. Pseudo-bulbs oblong, compressed, with four 
deep furrows and as many projecting and rather acute 
angles, of a dark purplish-green colour and scaly at the 


* In compliment to James Bateman, Esq., of Knypersley, Cheshire, a 
most distinguished cultivator of Orchideous Epiphytes, and author of the 
most splendid work that has ever appeared on that subject. 

base. Leaf on the old bulbs solitary from the apex of the 
bulb, broadly-lanceolate, acute, attenuated at the base, 
between membranaceous and coriaceous, about seven-nerv- 
ed. On the very young pseudo-bulbs, before these are 
fully formed, the leaves are two and three. Scape from the 
base of a young pseudo-bulb, pendent, flowering almost 
from the base. Flowers large, handsome, rather distant, 
each with a broad, concave, heart-shaped bractea at the 
base. Sepals oblong, concave, combined at the base, and 
decurrent with the column, erect at the back of the column. 
Petals linear-lanceolate, arising from the base of the united 
sepals, deflected, the lower (or interior) margin inflected, 
scarcely unguiculate. Colour of the petals and sepals green- 
ish, tinged with purplish -red. Lip erect, almost appressed 
to the column, whitish, oblong, grooved, three-lobed, mid- 
dle lobe notched; all of them serrated : within the lip dotted 
with red, striated in the middle ; near the base, and at the 
union of the lobes, is a bifid serrated scale. Column semi- 
terete, white, freckled with red. Round the anther is a 
broad, winged, crenated border (the clinandrium). Anther- 
case somewhat rhomboid, membranaceous, with two small 
cells beneath. Pollen-masses 2, oblong-ovate, each two- 
lobed at the back, united by an oblong-cuneated gland, 
destitute of caudicula. The germen is attached to the 
back of the sepals, considerably above their united base. 

Fig. 1. Inner view of the Labellum. 2. Upper, and 3, Underside of an 
An her-case. 4. Pollen-masses. 5. Column, with the lower combined 
portion of the three Sepals decurrent with the back :— magnified. 

:-t r / /'< 

( 3819 ) 



Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

. ( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^;. ) 

Generic Character. 

Periantkium explanatum. Sepala et petala aequalia de- 
orsum versa. Labellum posticum, carnosum, indi visum, 
ventricosum, sepalis multo majus. Columna brevis, crassa, 
mutica. Anthera et pollinia Cataseti. — Epiphyte Cataseti 
habitu. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Monachanthus longifolius ; foliis longissimis gramineis, ra- 
cemo cylindraceo pendulo multifloro, sepalis ovatis 
subrotundis petalorum conformium dorso applicitis, 
labello urceolari a tergo incurvo limbo truncato api- 
culato intus cereaceo glabro margine fimbriato. Lindl. 

Catasetum longifolium. Lindl. in Misc. ofBot. Reg., 1839, 
n. 154. Lindl. Sert. Orchid, t. 31. 

It is not from any opinion we entertain that the Genus 
Monachanthus is really distinct from Catasetum, that we 
adopt the former name, in opposition to that given by Dr. 
Lindley; but for the sake of consistency in this work. 
There is a natural group of Catasetum, the species of 
which are destitute of the long setae on the column, and to 
which the name of Monachanthus has been applied. 

The very fine species here represented was sent to us by 
Mr. Brockxehurst, of the Fence, Macclesfield, in Septem- 
ber, 1839, a month before it flowered with Mr. Morris, 
who was supposed, as related in the " Sertum Orchida- 
ceum," to be the first who succeeded in bringing it to blos- 


som in this country. Nor was this the first time it blos- 
somed at the Fence. The able gardener there, Mr. Ap- 
pleby, had the gratification of seeing its flowers in high 
perfection three months previously. The pseudo-bulbs 
were obtained from Demerara, and the culture adopted by 
Mr. Appleby, he observes, was much the same as is em- 
ployed by other cultivators for this interesting tribe of 
plants, with this difference, that he ee breaks the peaty turf 
into very small lumps, and puts these into the pot (previ- 
ously well drained) as lightly as possible ; thus affording 
free egress to the roots, which run up and down amongst it 
surprisingly. No potsherds are employed at all. During 
the growing season water is used freely, but withheld in a 
great measure, though not entirely, during the dormant 
season." — Mr. Schomburgk found this plant in British 
Guiana, growing on the Ela-Palm, Mauritia Jlexuosa. 
Besides the rich golden colour of its flowers (which had 
induced us to give the species the MSS. name of chrysan- 
thus,) the species is readily known from its congeners by 
the very long and narrow foliage. 

Descr. Pseudo-bulbs very long, oblong, tapering at 
both extremities, clothed with the very copious sheathing 
f^ SG u °[ the ° ld fo liage. Leaves several from the apex of 
the bulb, a foot and a half long, linear-ensiform, acuminat- 
ed, striated. Scape from the base of the bulb, pendent, 
bearing many rich, golden flowers, each subtended by an 
ovato-lanceolate, greenish bract. Petals and sepals uni- 
form, small, roundish-ovate, approximate, and all spreading 
to one side, almost reflex, purplish-green. Lip inflated, 
semiglobose rich orange-coloured without and dappled, 
the mouth shaped like that of a Helix, the edge spreading, 
on each side having a reddish fringe, and at the apex a 
th?,l T °- f J de6p blood -color. Column very short and 
lik^yellowish as well as the anther-case. Pollen-masses 

as in Catasetum. 

Fig 1. Column and Lin 2 3 P^n™ £ j 

« *-<p. a. cj. Follen-masses : — magnified. 


( 3820 ) 

Passiflora onychina. Lieut. Sulivan's 

A'. .St'. , V K ."fr. .^K .St'-. A'. .Sk . V K .St 7 . >V. >V. >V. .SK .SK >V, .4". &i .Sfc ■SI'. 

C/ass and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Passiflore^. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calycis tubus brevissimus, faux corona filamentosa multi- 
plici ornata. Bacca saepius pulposa, rarius submembra- 
nacea. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Passiflora onychina ; ebracteata, foliis trilobis cordatis gla- 
bris, laciniis oblongis obtusis subaequalibus obscure 
serrulatis, petiolis 4 — 6-glandulosis, pedunculis folio- 
rum longitudine, corona margine inflexa, serie intima 
radiorum erecta conica intus supra basin dentifera, 
extima duplici filiformi patentissima, intermedia sub- 
triplici brevissima capitata, ovario tomentoso. Lindl. 

Passiflora onychina. Lindl. in Misc. ofBot. Res:. 1838, n. 
1. and Bot. Reg. 1838, t. 21. 

It appears that this pretty species of Passion-flower was 
first introduced to this country by B. J. Sulivan, Esq., of 
H. M. S. Beagle, who brought seeds from the Botanic 
Garden of Rio de Janeiro to that of Sir Charles Lemon, 
Bart., at Carclew, Cornwall, in the year 1827. Our Glas- 
gow Botanic Garden is indebted to Mr. Lowe of Clapton 
for the plant, and it is now not uncommon in our stoves, 
flowering in September and diffusing a very agreeable 

Descr. Climbing. Stems slender. Leaves deeply three- 
lobed, cordate at the base, the lobes oblong-obtuse, entire 


or very indistinctly serrated, dark green above, pale be- 
neath. Petiole shorter than the leaf, with three to five or 
six glands upon it. Stipules small, ovate, acuminate. Ten- 
drils simple. Peduncle axillary, one-flowered, much longer 
than the petiole. Flowers much smaller than those of the 
common blue Passion-flower. Sepals and petals about 
equal in length, palish-purple, the former greenish on the 
outside and with a curved hook below the point ; all of 
them oblong, obtuse. Nectary exceedingly beautiful; the 
principal ray with a band of white at the middle of the 
filaments, blue-purple at the apex, at the base, as well as 
the inner rays, red-purple. Styles and stamens green, dotted 
with purple. 


( 3821 ) 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Rosacea. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 5-partitus, lobis erectis obtusis, parte adherente 
subturbinata. Petala 5 spathulata. Stamina 10. Styli 2. 
Stigmata obtusa. Ovarium calyci semiadnatum vel subli- 
berum bilocularej loculis multi-ovulatis ; ovula anatropa 
adscendentia. Carpella 2 calyci semiadnata vel sublibera, 
bilocularia apice bivalvia, valvis introflexis placentariis 
loculi fere ad mediam partem seminiferis. Semina scrobi- 
formia, abortu in quoque loculo solitaria vel duo,, rarius 
tria, testa basi et apice ultra nucleum elongata cellulosa. 
Morr. et Dec. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Hoteia* Japonica; foliis tripinnatisectis, petiolis ad nodos 
pilosis coloratis, foliolo terminali ovato basi et apice 
attenuate, omnibus supra ad nervum hispidulis, flori- 
bus albis. Morr. et Decaisne. 

Hoteia Japonica. Morr. et Decaisne in Ann. des Sc. Nat. 
2de Ser.p. 316. t. 11. 

Spiraea barbata. Wall. Cat. n. 705. Lindl. Bot. Reg. t. 

S. Japonica. Hort. 
S. Aruncus. Thunb. Fl. Jap. p. 211 ? 

* Dedicated to a Japanese Botanist, Ho-tei, whom M. Siedold has 
mentioned in his notice of the Botanical Literature of Japan. (Sieb. in 
Act. Nat. Cur. v. 14. Part II. p. 693.) This work, entitled " Soo-Kwa- 
S'jua," includes descriptions of more than three hundred and fifty plants, 
natives of China and Japan, cultivated in the gardens there, and accompa- 
nied by eighty plates, elegantly designed by ML Si BBOLp. The rich library 
of M. De Lessert contains a collection of Japanese botanical <*»*"** 
executed with great accuracy, among winch we recognised several oi oui 

A Japanese plant, from whence the species was introduc- 
ed by M. von Siebold to the gardens in Belgium. From 
that country, Mr. M'Koy kindly sent it to the Botanic 
Garden at Glasgow. Dr. Wallich, however, appears to 
have the credit of first finding the species in Nepal, Gossain 
Than, and Kamaon, and applied to it the name of barbata, 
which on every account is to be preferred to that of Japo- 
nica. The Genus, with the habit of Spirea Aruncus, is 
nearly allied to Astilbe of Don, differing from this latter 
chiefly in the presence of petals. The Tiarella triternata 
of Ventenat, which Mr. Don refers to Astilbe, is, by Messrs. 
Morren and Decaisne, considered rather to belong to 
Hoteia. Our plant, though making little show on paper, 
is elegant and graceful in its foliage and feather-like flow- 
ers. It is hardy and flowers with us in May. 

Descr. Stem herbaceous, two to four feet high. Leaves 
alternate, bi-triternate ; leaflets ovate, acute, sharply serrat- 
ed. Petiole often tinged with purple, incrassated at the 
base, and where, at its point of union with the stem, are 
several spreading hairs, whence the specific name of Dr. 
Wallich. Stipules ovate, acute, entire, membranaceous, 
deciduous. Panicle terminal, many-flowered. Peduncle 
and its branches downy, bracteated ; bracts numerous, 
small, foliaceous. Flowers white. Calyx glabrous, deeply 
five-cleft. Corolla of five spreading, spathulate petals. 
Stamens ten, exserted. Ovaries two, their base united and 
adnate with the calyx. 

Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Section of a Flower (from Morren and Decaisne's 
ngure). 3. Section of the Ovary, from ditto -.—magnified 

( 3822 ) 

Cereus speciosissimus ; hybridus. Splendid 
Cereus ; hybrid var. 


The Crimson Creeping Cereus, garden variety. Lindl. Bot. 

Reg. t. 1565. 
Cereus Smithii. " Hort. Angl." — Pfeiff- Enum. Cact. p. 

Cereus Mallisoni. Hort. 

Although this beautiful Cereus is distinctly stated by 
Dr. Lindley to be a hybrid production, raised by Mr. Mal- 
lison, gardener to Sir Samuel Scott, from seed of Cereus 
speciosissimus, fertilized by C.jlagelliformis, and although 
this circumstance is quoted by Dr. Pfeiffer, yet this 
author raises it to the rank of a species, and defines it as 
ec C. Smithii ; suberectus ramosus 6-angularis viridis, ramis 
junioribus purpureis sinubus latis angulatis, costis vertica- 
libus repandis, areolis subremotis convexis, aculeis e to- 
mento brevissimo albido centralibus 5 — 6 divergentibus 
rigidis fuscescentibus, exterioribus setaceis flavis deorsum 
spectantibus." It is a ready flowerer, and a great ornament 
to the Cactus-house. 


( 3823 ) 

Catasetum integerrimum. Entire-lipped 



Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide/e. ) 
Generic Character. 

Perianthium saepius globosum, nunc explanatum. Sepala 
etpetala subaequalia. Labellum crassum, carnosum, nudum, 
ventricosum vel explanatum fimbriatum ; sub apice sacca- 
tum, obsolete trilobum. Columna erecta, aptera, libera, 
apice utrinque cirrhosa. Anther a subbilocularis, antice 
truncata. Pollinia 2, postice biloba vel sulcata ; caudicula 
maxima nuda demum elastice contractili ; glandula cartila- 
ginea subquadrata. — Herbae terrestres vel epiphytee ; cauli- 
bus brevibus fusiformibus vestigiis foliorum vestitis. Folia 
basi vaginantia, plicata. Scapi radicates. Flores speciosi, 
racemosi, virides, nunc purpureo-maculati. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Catasetum integerrimum ; foliis oblongis latissimis apice 
acuminatis, sepalis petalisque acuminatis, labello cu- 
cullato crassissime carnoso, ore contracto integerrimo. 

(a.) purpurascens ; floribus purpurascentibus, labello ma- 
jore subtus obtusissimo. 

(3) viridiflorum ; floribus viridibus, labello minore subtus 
minus obtuso. (Fig. A.) 

Sent from Guatemala by Mr. Skinner to the late Duke 
of Bedford at Woburn Abbey, where it gives us inexpres- 
sible pleasure to know that the princely gardens are fostered 
by the present noble proprietor. The species is a very 
distinct one, having a lip with the mouth considerably con- 
tracted, and quite entire. _ 

x Descr- 

Descr. The pseudo-bulbs I have not seen : they are 
probably not different from the other species of the Genus. 
The leaves are unusually large, four inches and more broad, 
thin and membranous, many-nerved, acuminated at the 
point. Scape much thicker than a swan's quill, jointed, 
with a scale at each joint. Flowers large, secund, diffusing 
a peculiar and heavy smell. Perianth forming an arch over 
the column and pointing forward. Sepals and petals nearly 
equal, ovato-lanceolate, acuminate, concave, green tinged 
with purple ; the petals blotched with red purple, (in 0, 
green, with reddish spots within). Labellum large, cucul- 
late, beneath very obtuse in a, ; in /3 less so : — the mouth 
nearly circular, contracted, a little inflexed and quite entire; 
the substance very thick and fleshy, externally pale green 
tinged with purple, internally yellow, and blotched with 
very deep purple. Column and setce as in C. tridentatum. 

A. Flower of var. /3 : nat. size. 


v. ,';/,7f,-" 

( 3824 ) 

Francoa ramosa. White-flowered 

Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Francoace^. Ad. de Juss. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 4-partitus, persistens. Petala 4. Stamina 8 fer- 
tilia, totidem sterilia minuta cum iis alternantia. Germen 
4-sulcatum. Stigma sessile 4-lobatum. Capsula 4-loba, 
4-Iocularis, polysperma. Semina angulo interiori loculo- 
rum inserta. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Francoa ramosa ; foliis sessilibus lyrato-pinnatifidis lobis 
lateralibus approximatis saepe coadunatis, scapo ramo- 
so, floribus albis, stigmatibus obscure bilobis. 

Francoa appendiculata. Don, in Ed. N. Phil. Journ. 
1828, p. 52. Siv. Brit. Fl. Gard. N. S. t. 223. Hook, 
et Am. in Bot. Misc. v. 3. p. 339. 

This white-flowered Francoa was found at Valparaiso by 
Mr. Cuming, (n. 779 of his Collection), and at Quebrada de 
las Lacunas, near Valparaiso, by Mr. Bridges (his n. 197) 
in 1832. Seeds were sent over about that time, and the 
plant has been raised in our gardens, and proves as hardy 
as the better known F. appendiculata. Although it is con- 
sidered by many Botanists that there are three species of 
Francoa, namely, F. appendiculata (Cav.), F. sonchifolia 
(Cav.), and our present one, yet it appears to us very doubt- 
ful if it would not be more correct to consider them as varie- 
ties of the original " Llaupan&e amplissimo sonchifolio" of 


Feuill., Chil. v. 2. t. 31. Our native plants exhibit con- 
siderable discrepancies, and, certainly, in a garden, the 
Francoas are liable to much variation, in their leaves, in the 
colour of the flowers, and in the more or less entire apex 
of the stigmas. 

Fig. 1. Stamens, Nectaries, and Pistil -.—magnified. 

( 3825 ) 

Rhododendron arboreum; Cinnamomeum, floribus 
roseis. Tree Rhododendron ; Cinnamon- 
leaved var., with rose-coloured flowers. 


Class and Order. 

Decandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Erice^i. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 4-partitus. Corolla infundibuliformis rarius cam- 
panulata aut rotata, nunc regularis nunc plus minus irregu- 
laris semper 5-loba. Stamina 10 (rarius abortu 6—9) 
corollae non adnata ante et inter lobos sita, saspius declinata 
exserta. Antherce poris 2 terminalibus dehiscentes. Cap- 
sula 5-locularis, 5-valvis, aut 10-locularis 10-valvis septi- 
cido-dehiscens. Semina axi columnar angulo adnata, com- 
presso-scrobiformia subulata— Frutices rarius arbores. 
Poha sempervirentia petiolata integerrima. Flores in co- 
rymbos terminates dispositi. Alabastra Jloralia squamosa. 
Corolla! conspicuas purpurea albas velflavce. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Rhododendron arboreum; caule arboreo, foliis Ianceolatis 
glabris subtus lepidotis micantibus, floribus conferte 
corymbosis, ovario pubescenti-tomentoso 8— -10-locu- 
lari. D C. 

Rhododendron arboreum. Sm. Ex. Bot. t. 9. Wall Cat. 

n.lbb. Hook. Ex. FL t. 890. 
(J.) Cinnamomeum; foliis subtus cinnamomeis, floribus 

candidis purpureo et flavo-maculatis. Wall. Cat. n. 

760. Lindl. Bot. Reg. t. 1982. Hook. Bot. Mag. t. 

3290. 5 

Subvar. floribus magnis roseis (Tab. nostr. 3825.) 

The splendid specimen here represented of this rich vari- 
ety of the Tree Rhododendron was obligingly communicated 

iron i 
VOL. XIV. a 

from the Manchester Botanic Garden by Mr. Campbell, in 
March, 1M<». with the following remarks. " The plant 
from which it was taken has been in flower here about a 
fortnight, and has been much admired. We have flowering 
bunches on it upwards of double the <ize of that herewith 
sent, one of which I would gladly forward, but for the 
damage it would occasion to our plant." Itdiffers from the 
Rhododendron described and figured by Dr. Lindley in 
Bot. Reg. vol. 10, t 19S2, (and our t. 3290 is the same 
var., by its different colour, and larger size of the corollas, 
which are also more undulated. " We measured one blos- 
som this morning, which was two inches and a half in 

How far the R. campajiulatum of Don in Sweet's Br. Fl. 
Gard. t. 241. (and tab. 3759 of our Magazine ought to be 
considered distinct from this, does with us admit of doubt. 
That species should have a live-, not a ten-celled ovary : 
but we have had no means of investigating that point. On 
comparing the figures, we find that our present species has 
the largest flowers, the colour is more varied, more yellow 
within the tube, and the deep sanguineous dots are much 
more numerous. 

( 3826 ) 

Cystanthe Sprengelioides. Sprengelia- 
like Cystanthe. 


Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Epacrideje. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx foliaceus. Corolla clausa, calyptraeformis, traus- 
versim dehiseens, basi truncata persistenti. Stamina hypo- 
gyna, persistentia. Squamulce nullae hypogynae. Capsula 
placentis ab apice columnae centralis pendulis, solutis. — 
Frutex habitu Sprengeliae, Ponceletiae, et Cosmeliae, nisi 
quod rami dum denudati annulati sunt. Br. 

Specific Name and Synonym. 

Cystanthe * sprengelioides. 

Cystanthe sprengelioides. Brown Prodr. 1. 555. 

This curious shrub was discovered by Mr. Brown in Van 
Diemen's Land. The specimen described (now three feet 
and a half high, and growing freely) was raised in 1836 at 
the Botanical Garden, Edinburgh, from seeds obligingly 
communicated by N. B. Ward, Esq., London, in the au- 
tumn before. I have no means of ascertaining to which of 
the varieties mentioned by Mr. Brown it belongs. 

Descr. Shrub and its branches erect, glabrous, rigid. 
Leaves crowded, sessile, stem-clasping, ovate, acuminate, 
rigid, mucronate, reflected, serrulate, shining, persisting, 
many-nerved, nerves diaphanous. Flowers axillary, soli- 

* From «wn«, a bladder, and «*««* a flower ; from the bladder-like 
appearance of the flower-bud, while the calyplras-forno corolla w bOU at»cn- 
ed to it. 

tary, but crowded into capitula at the extremities of the 
branches. Bractece several, erect, distichous, in other re- 
spects resembling the leaves but smaller, and gradually 
passing into the submembranous sepals, which are still 
smaller. Corolla longer than the calyx, pale greenish- 
yellow, opening by circumscission about the middle, the 
upper portion crisped at its lower margin, and rising like a 
calyptra upon the summit of the elongated style, the lower 
part marcescent, marked by brown nerves. Stamens 5, 
hypogynous; filaments as long as the corolla, approaching 
below; somewhat spreading above, flattened, subspathulate 
but pinched laterally at the apex, crystalline upwards ; 
anthers erect, attached by their back near the base, ovate, 
yellow, bisaccate at the base, cleft at the apex and opening 
within the cleft ; pollen yellow, granules minute, spherical. 
Pistil longer than the stamens ; stigma with five minute 
points ; style colourless, tapering upwards ; germen green, 
5-lobular, 5-locular, loculaments with their apices surround- 
ing the base of the style; placentas suspended from the 
column at the apex of the loculaments, green and naked on 
their outer side, but covered with suspended ovules on the 
inner. Graham. 


( 3827 ) 

Senecio Heritieri; var. cyanophthalmus. 
Heritier's Groundsel; blue-eyed var. 


Class and Order. 
Syngenesia Superflua. 

( Nat. Ord. — Composite. — Senecionide^:. ) 

Generic Character. 

Capitulum homogamum discoideum aut heterogamum, 
fl. radii ligulatis foemineis. lnvolucri 1-serialis nunc nudi 
nunc squatnellis accessoriis calyculati squamae saepius apice 
sphacelatae margine subscariosae, dorso frequenter biner- 
vatae. Receptaculum epaleaceum nudum alveolatumve. 
Styli fl. hermaphr. rami truncati apiceque solo penicillati ! 
Achcenium erostre exalatum teretiusculum aut sulcato-angu- 
latum. Pappus pilosus pluriserialis caducus, setis rectis 
subaequalibus tenuissimis vix scabris. — Herbae aut Frutices 
innumeri polymorphs D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Senecio Heritieri; fruticosus, foliis petiolatis exauriculatis 
cordatia suborbiculatis 5 — 7-lobis supra araneosis de- 
mum glabris subtus albo-lanatis, pedunculis 1-cephalis 
glabriusculis, involucro glabro 15— 20-phyllo. 

Senecio Heritieri. De Cand. Prodr. v. 6. p. 409. 

Cineraria lanata. L'Herit. Sert. Angl. t. 25. Curt. Bot. 
Mag. t. 53. Jacq. Coll. v. 3. p. 177. t. 19. f. 3. 

(a.) Capituli radio pallide rubro-purpureo, disco intense 

(0 ) Capituli radio albo., disco intense caeruleo. 

This very remarkable and highly beautiful plant was sent 
to me by Mr. Ferguson, the able Curator of th<> B el feat 
Botanic Garden, from Mr. Morrison, gardener to 

(II I I \ND, 

Clelland, Esq., of Rosemount, near Belfast, in whose 
greenhouse it flowered in May, 1839. Notwithstanding the 
very unusual colour of the flowers for one of the Natural 
Order Composite, I have little hesitation in referring it to 
the well-known Canary plant, the Senecio Heritieri of 
De Candolle, the old Cineraria lanata of our gardens, and 
long ago figured in an early number of this Magazine. The 
foliage is the same and the structure of the flowers ; but the 
colour of the blossoms is very different, and in our variety of 
a most unusual character. Composite, with a white ray 
and yellow eye or disk, are common, as every one knows, 
but I have never before met with any having a white ray 
and a blue disk. De Candolle in his observations on 
the Composite (Prodr. v. 6. p. 7,) remarks on the colour 
of the flowers, " Corollas nunc xanthicce (yellow being 
the type, but liable to pass into red or white, but never 
to blue), nunc cyanicce. (where blue is the type, but 
which may pass into red or white, never into yellow), in 
eodem capitulo, aut homochromae seu discolores; ubi disco- 
lores ligulae semper cyanicae et tubuli xanthici ! imo tubuli 
xanthici cum ligulati monstrosi evadunt, cyanici fiunt." 

Not only in our plant is the lilac-coloured ray of the 
flower changed to white, and the deep lilac, or blood-red 
purple, of the ray changed to a very bright blue ; but 
the stigmas, which are deep orange in the original stock, 
are all also intensely blue and the anthers are purple-black. 

Fig. 1. Floret of the Ray. 2. Floret of the Disk. 3. Stigmas -.—mag- 



( 3828 ) 

Hymenoxys Californica. Californian 

Class and Order. 
Syngenesia Superflua. 

( Nat. Ord. — Composite. — Senecionide^;. ) 

Generic Character. 

Capitulum multiflorum discoideum, homogamum sen 
ligulis 8 — 10 uniserialibus fcemineis, fl. disci hermaphro- 
ditis tubulosis 5-dentatis. Involucrum biseriale, squamis 
rigidulis adpressis, interioribus longioribus. Receptaculum 
conicum e paleaceum alveolatum, glandulis parvis subonus- 
tum. Stylus disci ramis apice truncatis barbellatis. Achce- 
nia conform ia turbinata villis sericeis erectis villosissima. 
Pappus paleaceus, paleis 5 — 8 inaequalibus membranaceis 
ovali-lanceolatis aristato-acuminatis erectis. — Herbae Amer- 
icana erecta ramosce glabriuscula, tritce odorem Anthem i- 
dearum spirantes. Folia alterna aut in eodem caule rarius 
opposita, in lobos lineares multipartita et Schkuhriae aut 
Achyropappi cemula. Rami apice nudi pedunculiformes. 
Corollas luteal. D C. 

Specific Name and Character 

Hymenoxys* Californica; annua erecta gracilis,, foliis line- 
ari-pinnatifidis glaberrimis, pedunculis filiformibus mo- 
nocephalisj involucri squamis subuniserialibus, pappi 
squamis 5 subulatis inaequalibus serratis. 

For this pretty annual I am indebted to Mr. Moore, who 
raised it at the Glasnevin Botanic Garden, from Californian 


• So called by Cassini from the nature of the scales of the pappus;— 
uftm, a membrance, and o%wr, sharp. 

seeds, given him by Mr. Buist. It belongs to the subdivi- 
sion Euhelenie^e, Div. Gaillardie^:, Subtribe Helena, of 
the Senecionide^e of De Candolle; a groupe which includes 
genera not easily distinguished by tangible characters ; but 
I think our plant may be referred, without any doubt, to the 
Genus Hymenoxys of Cassini, although the species hitherto 
described of it are natives only of Mexico, Peru, and Bue- 
nos Ayres. No doubt the species will prove a perfectly 
hardy annual ; though Mr. Moore had the precaution to 
raise the present plants in a pot for the sake of affording 
them shelter. It flowered in September, 1839. 

Descr. Root small, annual, fibrous. Stem a foot high, 
erect, slender, glabrous, branched. Leaves opposite, ex- 
cept the upper ones, two inches or more long, deeply cut 
in a pinnatifid manner into from five to seven distant, narrow, 
linear, entire lobes, quite glabrous, flaccid : uppermost ones 
linear and entire. Peduncles terminal, elongated, slender, 
single-flowered. Involucre hemispherical, of about ten to 
twelve lanceolate, acute, downy scales, in one series, or only 
slightly imbricated at the base. Corollas yellow. Floret 
of the ray ligulate, one to each scale of the involucre, three- 
toothed at the apex. Achenium slender, between cylin- 
drical and fusiform, downy with five to six rather small, 
subulate, serrated scales. Florets of the disk tubular : the 
tube glandular below, enlarged upwards, five -toothed, 
the teeth clothed with thickened hairs near the points. 
Branches of the style obtuse, tufted at the apex. Achenium 
(sterile ?) similar to that of the ray, the scales of the pappus 
larger. Receptacle large, conical, pitted, slightly hairy. 

Fig. 1. Involucre. 2. Receptacle with a Scale of the Involucre and por- 
tion of a Floret of the Ray. 3. Floret of the Disk. 4. Anthers laid open. 
5. Scales of the Pappus. 6. Floret of the Ray. 7. Scales of the Pappus . 


( 3829 ) 




Class and Order. 

Syngenesia ,/Equalis. 

( Nat. Ord. — Compos. — Vernoniace^;. ) 

Generic Character. 

Capitulum multi (5 — 30) florum. Involucrum pauciseri- 
ale imbricatum. Receptaculum nudum. Corolla tubulosa 
ad faucem ampliata., lobis elongatis. Styli rami longe ex- 
serti cylindracei. Achanium circa 10-costatum subcylin- 
draceum. Pappus 1 — 3 serialis, setis plumosis barbella 
tisve. — Herbae raro frutices. Species omnes genuince ex 
Amer. Bor. ortce. Caules scepius simplices. Folia alterna 
integerrima aut in paucissimis dentata. Capitula spicata 
racemosa paniculata aut corymbosa. Corollae purpurea 
rosea rarius variantes alba. D C. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Liatris propinqua ; radice tuberosa, caule erecto simplici 
glabro, foliis remotis linearibus utrinque impresso- 
punctatis acuminatis basi longe attenuatis ciliatis infe- 
noribus longissimis superioribus sensim minoribus 
bracteiformibus, capitulis axillaribus sessilibus v. bre- 
vissime pedicellatis laxe spicatis, involucro cylindra- 
ceo subdecemfloro basi attenuato bibracteato, squamis 
20 — 24 erectis imbricatis herbaceis punctatis sensim 
brevi-acuminatis ciliatis superioribus longioribus mar- 
gine tenui-membranaceis, ovario pubescente, pappi 
setae corolla brevioribussubuniserialibuspiloso-scabris. 

Sent from the Horticultural Society's garden of Edin- 
burgh in the autumn of 1839, under the name of L. panicu- 

lata. With that species it has no affinity ; nor can we find 
any described one, nor any in our extensive Herbarium of 
North American species, that will correspond with it. Its 
nearest affinity is perhaps with L spicata ( Willd.), or the 
variety called L. hirsuta (Bot. Reg. t. 595); but that is a 
much larger plant, the leaves are more numerous, the scales 
of the involucre fewer and remarkably obtuse. This and 
all the other species of Liatris are eminently deserving of 
cultivation in our gardens ; for they possess showy flowers, 
are perfectly hardy, and come to perfection at a season of 
the year when the summer flowers have disappeared. 

Fig. 1. Single Floret. 2. Bristle from the Pappus. 3. Involucre laid 
open. 4. Scales of ditto. 5. Portion of a Leaf : — magnified. 


( 3830 ) 

Tagetes corymbosa. Corymb-flowered 

Class and Order. 
Syngenesia Superflua. 

( Nat. Ord. — Composite. Div. Senecionide^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Capitulum radiatum aut rarissime subdiscoideum. Invo- 
lucri squamce 1-serialesconcretae in cupulam campanulatarn 
cylindricamve apice dentatam. Receptaculum subalveola- 
tum. Achcenia elongata basi attenuata, cc-mpresso-tetra- 
gc-na. Semen in achaenio pedicellatum. Pappus simplex, 
paleis inaequalibus, aliis obtusis subconcretis., aliis aristatis 
elongatis liberis. — Herbae annuce Americana scepius foztidce 
raro suaveolentes, glandulis in foliorum laminis subrotundis 
pellucidis et in involucr. linearibus plus minus obsitce. Folia 
opposita aut alterna, indivisa, serrata aut pinnatisecta, seg- 
mentis serratis integerrimisve. Capitula solitaria autfasci- 
culata plus minus pedicellata. Cc-rollae crocece seu Jlava. 
Ligulae scepe (presertim in capitulis planis) bilabiate. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Tagetes* corymbosa ; caule erecto angulato apice corym- 
boso multifloro, foliis pinnatis, foliolis multijugis op- 
positis alternisque lanceolatis acutis basi inaequalibus 
angustatis argute serratis glanduloso-punctatis glabris, 


* "A name which Fuchsius tells us is applied by Apuleios to the Tansy, 
but which he himself adopts for a plant, not very dissimilar in foliage, now 
vulgarly called the French or African Marygold. He is followed by 
Dillenius, LinnjEUS, and every subsequent writer. De Theis derives 
the word from Tages, an Etruscan deity, grandson of Jupiter, and teacher of 
divination; and supposes the beauty of its flowers may have procured the 
plant this mythological appellation. Of this intention we can find no traces 
in the above writers. 

involucro ovali-tubuloso pentagono, pappi squamis 

tribus unica triplo longiore subulata. 
Tagetes corymbosa. Sw. in Brit. Fl. Gard. v. 2. t. 151. 

Be Cand. Prodr. v. 5. p. 643? 
Tagetes tenuifolia. H. B. K. Nov. Gen. 4. p. 196. non 

Cav. (fide DC.) ? 

Sent from Manchester by Mr. Leeds,, who received the 
seeds from Mexico. It flowered in the open border in 
September, 1839. We think there can be no doubt of this 
being the T. corymbosa of Sweet above quoted ; it agrees 
in every essential particular. There, however, the corollas 
of the ray are stained all over with purplish-brown blotches: 
our plant is rather referable to Sweet's j3. lutea, but there 
is a small deep-orange or blood-coloured spot near the base 
of the lamina in the present variety. We are doubtful 
about the synonym of De Candolle ; because, though he 
refers to Sweet and adopts his name, he describes the ray 
as consisting of twenty large florets, and the entire flower 
of fifty florets. 

Fig. 1. Involucre. 2. Floret from the Disk. 3. Ditto, from the Ray. 4. 
Receptacle of the Florets. 5. Portion of a Leaf seen from beneath : — magni- 



( 3831 ) 

Barringtonia racemosa. Raceme- 
flowered Barringtonia. 

3Hfr* * ft* ■ * * * * » ■ * % * »*-sMhMhE 

C7ass awd Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Barringtonie^. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calycis tubus ovatus ; limbus bi- rarius tri-partitus lobis 
ovatis obtusis concavis persistentibus. Petala 4 magna 
coriacea. Stamina oo, multiserialia, filamentis filiformibus 
longis liberis basi in amiulum brevem, concretis, anthens 
subrotundis. Stylus filiformis longitudine stammum. Stig- 
ma simplex. Urceolus ex apice ovarii ortus styli basin 
vaginalis. Ovarium 4-loculare, locnlis biovnlatis. Bacca 
grandis,basi ventricosasursum pyramidata tetragona limbo 
calycis coronata, matura 1-locularis, loculo obpynlormi 
fibrose fere putamineo. Semen ovato-globosnm pendulum 
Mireum attenuatum; embryo exalbmnmosns (Blume) elhp- 
tico globosus; radicula supera confusa cum cotyledonibua 
arctissime conferrurainatis, et embryo ide6 pacudo-mouoco- 
tyledoneus.— Arbor magna. Folia confertun opposita out 
verticillata impunctata obovata. Flores amph in ttynum 
terminalem dispositi, pedicellis \-bracteatis. U L. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Barringtonia racemosa; racemo pendulo »<>^ m ^°^ 

cuneato-oblongis acuminatis crenatis, fructu OMUSU- 

sime tetragono pyramidato. D C. 
Bar RI ngtonia racemosa. Blumv in DeCand Prodr **. 

p. 288. Roxb. FL Ind. v. 2. p. 634- Wight * Am. 

Prodr. FL Penins. Ind. Or v 1. p. 333. Spring. 

8 S ,st.Ve g et.v.3p.l*l. £f <£»*®* 
El ,,enia racemosa. Linn. Sp. I I. p. OiS. 
Samstravadi. Rheede i Hort.Ualah.i.*.tb 
Butonica sylvestris alba. Rumph. Amb. v. 3. ^fifo^ 


Obligingly sent in September, 1839, from the stove of 
Charles Horsfall, Esq., Liverpool, who received the 
young plant from Bombay when only a foot high. It was 
now, in three years' time, eight feet, erect, simple, and then 
threw out a flowering raceme, twenty-eight inches long, 
and at the same time it began to branch. In its native 
countries, which are the Molucca Islands, the Delta of the 
Ganges, Malabar, &c, it grows to a " stout timber." Now 
that Mr. Horsfall' s plant has become branched, should it, 
as that gentleman observes, produce a raceme from each 
branch, it will, with its noble leaves, fifteen inches long and 
five broad, make a most splendid appearance. 

Descr. Trunk lofty and straight. Branches numerous 
and spreading. Leaves alternate, on short petioles, obovato- 
lanceolate, ample, acuminate, serrated, smooth sides, pen- 
ninerved, the nerves connected by transverse nervelets. 
Raceme in this instance terminal, pendulous, many-flowered : 
the rachis stout, everywhere perfectly glabrous. Flowers 
on short pedicels, with minute, caducous bracteas. Calyx- 
limb of two or three broadly-oval, obtuse, spreading, per- 
sistent lobes. Petals four, ovate, concave, yellowish, com- 
bined with the united bases of the copious stamens, and 
falling off with them. Filaments longer than the petals, 
red : Anthers rounded, two-celled, yellow. Ovary small, 
inferior, turbinate, <c two-celled, with several ovules in each 
cell, attached to the middle of the partition." Style longer 
than the stamens, red, filiform. Stigma obtuse. " Fruit 
drupaceous, of the size of a large pullet's egg, and not 
unlike one in shape, only somewhat four-sided, nearly 
smooth on the outside, olive-green within, flesh rather 
spongy and brown, one-celled. Seed solitary, ovato-ob- 
lonsr." J 

Fig. 1. Reduced figure of Mr. Horsfall's plant, from a sketch by Miss 
Horsfall. 2. Leal and part of a raceme, nat. size. 8. Petal and portion 
oi the btamens. 4. Pistil : magnified. 

3*9& i 

( 3832 ) 




Class and Order. 

Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium explanatum. Sepala et petala asqualia de- 
orsum versa. Labellum posticum, carnosum, indivisum, 
ventricosum, sepalis multo raajus. Columna brevis, crassa, 
rnutica. Anthera et pollinia Cataseti. — Epiphytce Cataseti 
habitu. Lindl. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Monacanthus Bushnani ; labello trilobo ventricoso, lobis 
lateralibus reflexis longe ciliatis, intermedio nudo 
valde acuto. 

Monacanthus discolor, y. Bushnani. Hook. Bot. Mag. 


(3.) labelli lobis lateralibus longius fimbriatis. 

Such as is well known to be the sportive nature of the 
epiphytal orchideous plants, and especially of the Cata- 
setum-group, that it is very difficult to recognise the proper 
limits of species. A single blossom of a plant, which I 
consider to be specifically the same with the present, I had 
figured at letter A of the plate of Monacanthus discolor, as 
var. y of that species. A slight variety of that again is 
here represented, and the plant is elevated to the rank of a 
species ; but whether justly or not may admit of a question. 
The original M. discolor (Lindl., Bot. Reg. t. 1735) has 
the middle lobe of the labellum remarkably obtuse, and 
fringed to the very point : — my var. viridiflorus (Bot. Mag. 
t. 3601 ) has the middle lobe obtuse, but obscurely fringed 
in our present plant the middle lobe is very acute, and 


quite destitute of fringe. The colour of the flowers is 
strikingly different in all the three ; here of a rich yellow 
green, the inside of the lip and the apex of the middle lobe 
of a deep golden brown colour. In a, (Bot. Mag. 1. c. fig. 
A.) the lateral lobes of the lip have a short fringe ; here it is 
very long and reddish. The Glasgow Botanic Garden is 
indebted for the possession of this plant to Mr. Hoste (?), 
who kindly sent pseudo-bulbs of it to Mr. Murray in 
1838. They flowered in November, 1839, in great perfec- 
tion. With the exception of the points above alluded to, 
our description of Monacanthus discolor will be found 
characteristic of this. Had the Genus itself been founded 
upon the M. discolor, instead of the evidently abortive- 
flowered M. viridis (Lindl. Bot. Reg. t. 1752), we should 
think more favorably of it as distinct from Catasetum : and 
of the species at present known we would wish to confine it 
to M. discolor (Bot. Reg. t. 1735 and Bot. Mag. t. 3601), 
M. fimbriates (Bot. Mag. t. 3708), M. Bushnani (Tab. 
nostr. 3832), and to the very beautiful and very distinct 
M. roseo-albus. These have a decidedly marked charac- 
ter distinct from Catasetum. Yet, strange to say, flowers 
of the two, and even of Myanthus also, have been found 
by Schomburge. growing from one and the same root ! 
(See Lindl. Bot. Reg. t. 1951, and Hooker's Icones 

Fig. 1. Column ; and section of the Labellum -.—magnified. 

( 3833 ) 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Thymele^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium infundibuliforme, limbo 4-fido, fauce esqua- 
mata. Stamina duo fauci inserta laciniis exterioribus op- 
posita. Stylus lateralis. Stigma capitatum. 

Frutices. Folia opposita, raro alterna. Flores capitati, 
terminates, foliis involucrantibus scepe dissimilibus, inter- 
dum connatisj rarius spicati v. axillares, quandoque dioici. 
Perianthii tubus in plerisque medio articulatus, articulo 
inferiore persistenti, Br. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Pimelea nana; foliis alternis, rarius suboppositis, spathu- 
lato-linearibus, utrinque pilosis, uninervibus, floralibus 
rameis similibus ; capitulis terminalibus, multifloris; 
stylo staminibusque limbo perianthii aequantibus. 

Pimelea nana. Graham in Ed. Phil. Journ. for July, 

We received this plant at the Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, 
in 1839, from Mr. Low of Clapton. It is a native of the 
Swan River Settlement in Australia, and flowered abun- 
dantly in the greenhouse in the end of April, and in May 
and June. It is allied to P. longiflora (Bot. Mag., 3281) 
but is easily distinguished from this, by its much more 
humble growth, its single-nerved leaves, and its exserted 
stamens and style. It will probably be short-lived. 

Descr. Stem (eight inches high) woody, slender, erect, 
with alternate, ascending branches, its whole surface, (ex- 

cepting the inside of the corolla, the stamens, and style,) 
covered With soft, white and spreading, simple hairs, mixed 
with others which are much shorter and more dense. Leaves 
(half an inch long, about one line broad) scattered, spathu- 
lato-linear, glaucous, rather paler and more hairy below 
than above, spreading, flat, with a conspicuous middle-rib, 
but no lateral nerves. Capitulum terminal, many-flowered ; 
involucre similar to the stein leaves. Perianth white ; tube 
green where it covers the germen, rather longer than the 
involucre, slender, having long, spreading hairs externally, 
and only short, dense, hairs within ; limb somewhat irre- 
gular, segments imbricated, the upper and lower outermost, 
ovato-lanceolate, glabrous on their upper surface, the two 
lateral ones deflected. Stamens as long as the perianth ; 
filaments glabrous, at first erect, afterwards spreading along 
the upper and lower segments of the limb, white ; anthers 
brown, rhomboideo-oblong ; attached by their back near 
the base, bursting along their sides : pollen granules spher- 
ical, of the same colour with the anthers. Stigma blunt. 
Style glabrous, subterminal, exserted, as long as the sta- 
mens. Germen pale green, ovato-oblong, with a small 
tuft of erect hairs on its apex, elsewhere glabrous. Ovule 
solitary, pendulous, filling the germen. Graham. 

( 3834 ) 

Calectasia cyanea. Bright-blue 

Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Junce^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium inferum, tubulosum, hypocrateriforme, lim- 
bo petaloideo, sexpartito. Stamina 6, fauci inserta. An- 
therce conniventes, lineares, basi insertae. Ovarium 1-locu- 
lare 3-spermum : ovulis erectis. Stylus filiform is. Stigma 
simplex. Utriculus monospermus, tubo indurato perian- 
thii inclusus. — Fruticulus erectus, ramosissimus, foliis ace- 
rosis basi vaginantibus vestitus. Flores ramulos breves ter- 
minates, solitarii. Perianthii tubus foliorum vaginis inclu- 
sus. Limbus pulcherrime stellatus funde nomen) azureus, 
(zqualis, laciniis 3 exterioribus disco extiis pubescenti- 
bus. Br. 

Specific Name and Synonyms. 

Calectasia cyanea. 

Calectasia cyanea. Br. Prodr. p. 264. Spreng. Syst. 

v. 2. p. 112. 
Huttia elegans. Preiss MSS. Herb, nostr. 

Among the most beautiful of the floral productions of the 
South-western coast of Australia may assuredly be reckoned 
the Calectasia of Mr. Brown, which that distinguished 
Botanist calls •' pulcherrimum genus, nulli cognito arete 
affine," and which was first found by him between Cape 
Lewin and Bass Straits. We have lately received it, from 
King George's Sound, gathered by Mr. Baxter, and from 
the Swan River by Mr. Drummond and Mr. Preiss, a 


German Botanist. This latter Botanist sent his specimens 
under the impression that it was a new Genus, but it is 
certainly in no way distinct from the only known species of 
Calectasia. We figure it on account of its great beauty, 
a beauty which is scarcely altered by drying, for the form 
and colour in both leaves and flowers, is truly of that kind 
called everlasting ; and partly with the hope that our culti- 
vators may be induced to import this lovely plant, as an 
ornament to our greenhouses. Nothing can exceed the 
richness of the bright purple perianths and the contrasting 
deep orange-coloured anthers. It grows in sandy soil 
among shrubs. We shall copy from the description, kindly 
sent to us by Mr. Preiss, and made from the recent plant. 
Descr. Root-stalks scaly, fibrous : fibres very long, 
nearly perpendicular, yellowish, somewhat woody, rigid. 
Stem somewhat of a shrubby character, and especially at 
the base thickly clothed with the dry remains of the sheaths 
of fallen leaves, about a foot high, slightly pubescent up- 
wards. Branchlets opposite, rarely alternate, patent, an 
inch or more long, simple. Leaves acerose, channelled 
above, beneath convex, striated, scabrous, pungent at the 
point, articulated upon the sheathing base, and deciduous : 
those of the stem erect, of the younger branchlets more 
patent. Flowers from the apices of the branches, bright 
violet-blue, or, rarely, dirty-white. Bracteas ovato-lance- 
olate, sheathing, membranaceous, embracing the tube ot 
the perianth, imbricated, concave. Tube of the perianth 
narrow, tapering below, yellow green ; the segments (six) 
ovato-lanceolate, acute, nerved, quite glabrous above and 
concave, beneath silky. Filaments inserted near the mouth 
of the tube. Anthers erect, approximate, linear-oblong, 
deep orange, apparently opening by pores at the apex. 
Ovary ovate, three-lobed, on a thickened, but below atten- 
uated stipes. Style longer than the stamens, flexuose, 
filiform. Stigma obtuse. 

Fig. 1. Outer view of a Flower. 2. Perianth laid open. 3. 4. Stamens. 
5. Pistil. 6. Leaf. 7. Apex of ditto -.—magnified. 


( 3835 ) 
El^odendron Capense. Cape Elteo- 


Class and Order. 
Tetrandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Celastrine^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx minimus 4 — 5 lobus. Petala 4 — 5 patentia basi 
lata. Stamina 4 — 5 petalis alterna. Discus camosus circa 
ovarium. Stylus brevissimus. * Drupa exsucca, nucleo 
lignoso 5-loculari, interdum abortu 2— -4 locularis. Semina 
in loculis bina, abortu solitaria, erecta, oblonga, albumine 
carnoso, embryone centrali recto, cotyledonibus foliaceis, 
radic. infera. — Arbores aut frutices ; foliis glabris oppositis ; 
pedunculis axillaribus subcorymbosis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

El^odendron Capense; erectum glabrum, ramis, scabro- 
punctatis, foliis suboppositis petiolatis latis inaequi- 
lateris coriaceis obtusiusculis margine subrevolutis 
utrinque reticulato-venosis ovato-oblongis acuminatis, 
bicrenato-serratis v. ovalibus et ellipticis repando- 
serratis, serraturis inflexo-subaculeatis, paniculis axil- 
laribus simplicibus dichotomis. Ecklon et Zeyher. 

EljEodendron Capense. Ecklon et Zeyher, Enumeratio 
PL Afric. MSS. 127. 

This, notwithstanding its insignificant flowers, is a hand- 
some evergreen, but will not endure our climate, even with 
the protection of a wall. We have three varieties, all free- 
growing, and differing chiefly in the breadth of the leaf and 
depth of the serratures, but though raised in different de- 
grees of heat, not, I think, varying from this cause. We 


are indebted for the possession of the plants to Capt. 
Macadam, R. N., who sent seeds from the Cape of Good 
Hope, to the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, in Octo- 
ber, 1828. 

The plant in common cultivation as Eueodendron Ca- 
pense, is nothing else than a narrow-leaved variety of the 
common Bay. How this blunder came to be made and 
diffused, I cannot conjecture. 

Descr. A tree, in the specimen described, eighteen feet 
high, and growing freely ; its trunk four inches in circum- 
ference near the base, and almost cylindrical for a consider- 
able height, perfectly straight, its bark pale brown and 
warted ; the branches spreading and pendulous. Leaves 
(two inches and a half long, one and a quarter broad) 
petiolate, subopposite, lanceolato-elliptical, the sides some- 
what unequal, coriaceous, distantly spinuloso-serrulate, 
slightly revolute in the edges, dark-green above, paler 
below, and often becoming rusty ; petiole about one-fifth of 
the length of the leaf, channelled above. Corymbs axillary, 
dichotomous, a single flower standing in the fork, and the 
branches supporting three flowers each ; peduncle com- 
pressed. Bracteas lanceolate, opposite, resembling much 
diminished leaves. Flowers minute, green. Calyx four- 
partite, green, flat, segments oblong. Corolla four-parted, 
twice as long as, and more delicate than the calyx, but in 
all other respects similar to, and its segments alternating 
with, it. Stamens four, opposite to the segments of the 
calyx, at first erect, shorter than the corolla, afterwards re- 
flected between its segments, as well as the corolla and 
calyx persisting ; filaments green ; anthers oblong, yellow, 
bilobular, bursting along the face. Germen imbedded in a 
flat, green, fleshy drupe. Style single, shorter than the 
stamens, erect : stigma inconspicuous. Fruit yellow, oval, 
about the size of a hasel-nut, fleshy, and containing a hard 
nut with one to three cells. Seeds erect, compressed, 
almond-shaped, covered with a thick brown testa, having a 
copious albumen, and a central embryo, which is slightly 
curved, and passes from side to side of the greatest breadth 
of the seed, and from one extremity to the other. Graham. 

Fig. 1. Flowering Branch. 2. 3. Flowers. 4. Drupe laid open. 5. 
Nut i'rom the Drupe. 6. Drupe laid open. 


( 3836 ) 

CYRTocHiujM maculatum ; var. ecornutum. 
Spotted Cyrtochilum ; hornless var. 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala lateralia patula libera. Labellum planum, ob- 
longum, saepius unguiculatum, integrum vel margine den- 
tatum, apice angustatum, basi tuberculatum villosum aut 
pluries lamellatum. Lindl. in Sert. Orchid. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Cyrtochilum * maculatum ; pseudo-bulbis ovatis compres- 
sis subangulatis diphyllis basi foliosis, folns late ligu-- 
latis acuminatis striatis apice oblique emargmatis, 
scapo simplici, bracteis brevissimis squamaeformibiis, 
sepalis petalisque camosis obovato-lanceolatis acutis- 
simis, labello membranaceo oblongo apiculato utrm- 
que dentato lamellis duabus ad basin et corniculo 
utrinque, alis column® falcatis integernmis. 

Cyrtochilum maculatum. Lindl. in Miscell. n 39. April 
Sert. Orchid, t. 25. Bot. Reg. t. 44. " Knowles et 
Westcott Fl. Cat. t. 57." 

(3.) foliis angustioribus, labello ad basi 4-lamellato, corni- 
culis nullis. (Tab. nostr. 3836.) 

Sent to the Woburn Collection from Mexico by John 
Parkinson, Esq.F.R.S., where it flowered in March, 1840. 

* So named by Humboldt from wftk, curved, and #*•* * ll P 

lusion to the form of the labellum. 


The leaves are certainly broader in the original C. macu- 
latum ; and there the lip has, according to the figure and 
description, two lamellae at the base, and a short, distinct 
little horn on each side of those plates. Our plant has 
narrow leaves, and four plates on the labellum, united 
together at their base : and the two lateral ones represent 
the cornicula described by Dr. Lindlev. In other respects 
the two plants sufficiently accord : and I can scarcely doubt 
but that they are slight varieties of one and the same spe- 
cies. The flowers are prettily marked but destitute of 
fragrance, and worthy of a place in every Orchideous 

Descr. Pseudo-bulbs ovate, compressed, four-angled, 
green, smooth, more or less sheathed at the base with two 
leaves. Two others spring from the apex of the bulb, five 
to six inches long, narrow-iigulate, striated, scarcely coria- 
ceous. Scape about ten inches high, arising from the base 
of the bulb within one of the leaves, and bearing a raceme 
of six to nine flowers. Petals and sepals nearly equal, 
spreading, rather fleshy, ovate acute, or somewhat acumi- 
uated, yellow-green, with deep purple blotches. Lip ob- 
long-ovate apiculate, three-lobed, striated, the lateral lobes 
near the base small, the intermediate one ovate, the apex 
reflex ed : — the colour is sulphur yellow, the margin on 
each side at the base marked with a red line : the disk at 
the base bearing four, parallel lamellae or plates, edged 
with brown, of which the two lateral ones are the shortest. 
Column short, with two projecting wings above in front. 
Anther-case hemispherical, yellow. Pollen-masses two, 
with a minute gland. 

Fig. 1. Column and Lip. 


( 3837 ) 

Dendrobium moschatum. Musk-smelling 


Class and Order. 

Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^:. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala membranacea, erecta vel patentia, lateral ib us ma- 
joribus obliquis cum basi producta columnae connatis. Pe- 
tala sepalo supremo ssepius majora, nunc minora, semper 
membranacea. Labellum cum pede columna articu latum 
vel connatum, semper sessile, indivisum vel trilobum, sepj- 
us, membranaceum, nunc appendiculatum. Columna semi- 
teres, basi longe producta. Anthera bilocularis. Pollinia 
4, per paria collateralia. — Herbae epiphyte, nunc caules- 
centes nunc rhizomata repente pseudo-bulbifero. FoXmplana 
s&pius venosa. F lores solitariifasciculati, vel racemosi spe- 
ciosi. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Dendrobium moschatum; caulibus teretibus pendulis, foliis 
oblongis seu oblongo-ovatis subcoriaceis lasvissime 
striatis, racemis lateralibus laxis 6— 8-floris, bracteis 
brevibus oblongis obtusis, sepalis oblongis obtusis pa- 
tentissimis petalisque late ovatis obsolete tessellatis, 
labello unguiculato cochleariformi obtusissimo extus 

Dendrobium moschatum. Wall, in Lindl. Gen. etSp. Or- 
chid, p. 82. Don Prodr. FL Nep. p. 34. Wall. PL 
As. Rar. v. 2. p. 83. t. 195. 

Epidendrum moschatum. Buchanan, apud Pymes } Ava, p. 
478, cum lc. 

Dendrobium Calceolaria. Hook. Ex. Fl. v. 3. t. lm. 

Different as this may appear at first sight from the D. 

Calceolaria published by me in the " Exotic Flora/' above 

1 J quoted, 


quoted, I am satisfied that they are but varieties of each 
other, and the name of moschatum, as undoubtedly the' old- 
est, should be preserved to it : although the odour of musk 
is rather problematical, Lindley says, " the blossoms ex- 
hale a faint smell resembling that of Rhubarb, as I learn 
from Dr. Wallich's MSS." We had compared the odour 
of a fine specimen which was flowering at Wentworth to 
that of the yellow Water- Lily (Nuphar lutea); while the 
perfume diffused by the individual plant now before us, 
reminds us of the sweet-scented Wood -ruff (Asperula odo- 
rata). The leaves are undoubtedly extremely variable in 
form ; linear-oblong in our specimeu of the " Exotic Flora ; 
oblong in that represented by Wallich ; almost ovate m 
the present plant. The perianth of the flower is also more 
or less distinctly reticulated, and the labellum extraordina- 
rily changed in colour, by age, when the whole, except the 
very downy apex, becomes suffused with a deep crimson 
tint. The plant is a native of Pegu, Ava, and Sylhet. 

Descr. The flowering -stem of this noble plant in Mr. 
Horsfall's Collection, measures five feet three inches high, 
the side shoots are still taller, one of them six feet three 
inches, terete, striated, jointed, leafy to the top. Leaves 
alternate; in our specimen ovato-oblong, glossy, distichous, 
obscurely nerved. Raceme from the side of the stem, eight 
to ten inches long, pendent, bearing six to eight or ni» e 
flowers. Bracteas oblong, much shorter than the germen. 
Flowers large, tawny, suffused with rose-colour. Sepals 
and petals reticulated ; the form oblong, the latter broadly- 
ovate, widely spreading. Lip slipper-shaped, tapering into 
a claw, the sides remarkably involute, outside and particu- 
larly above the middle from the base, pubescenti-hirsute, 
within at the base., are about six elevated lines, and at the 
sides of the base, on each side, a deep blood-coloured spot, 
the margin ciliated. Column very short, decurrent, so that 
the base of the labellum forms a kind of obtuse spur. 
Anther flattened at the top, purple. Pollen-masses of four 
glands, in two parallel pairs. 

Fig. 1. Column. 2. Lip: slightly magnified. 

( 3838 ) 
Deutzia scabra. Rough-leaved Deutzia. 


Class and Order. 
Decandria Trigynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Philadelpheje. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calycis tubus ovario adnatus turbinates, limbiis 5 ;^ ra «" s 
6- fidus Petala 5—7 ovato-oblonga. Stamina 10, nla- 
inentis lineari-filiformibusapice tricuspidatis, anthens didy- 
mis cuspidi intermedia adfixis. Ovarium apice concavum. 
Stvli 3—4 filiformes. Capsula globosa truncate umbilicata, 
stylis persistentibus aristata, 3 cocca, basi trifariam dehis- 
cens. Carpella chartacea dorso convexa latenbus com- 
pressa in medio ventre cavitate(ex propria membrana facta) 
notata. Semina in quoque carpello 10-12 oblonga acumi- 
nata compressa. Albumen carnosum Embryo mversis 
compressus, radicula longa.-Arbuscula ^mosissima ra- 
mulis ex icone oppositis. Folia oppositapetiolata ovata acu- 
minata serrata, pilis stellalis scabra. Flores pamculati ter- 
minales. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Deutzia* scabra; foliis ovatis acutis argute serrat is utrin- 
queVilosis, mcemis tercninalibua^mentosis basi rob- 

composes, floribus saepius trigonis. Lindl 
Deutzia scabra. Thunb. Fl. ffP-P-M' ^ | 8 ? tft ° e 

Cand. Prodr. 4. p. 17. Lindl. Bot. Reg t. 1718. 
Joro vulgo Utsugi. Kcempf. Anuen. J>. p. 80*. 

A Jaoan Shrub : native of the mountains of that island. 
and iS uLigb the Horticultural Soc-ety, by Johs 

* So named by Thunberg, in honour of John Deutz, a Suiiff of 

Amsterdam, and a patron of TnUNBERG. 

Reeve, Esq. Its habit is that of Philadelphia ; its foliage 
and its flowers similar, and so hardy, that it bears the cli- 
mate of the West of Scotland, unharmed. Thunberg tells 
us, that the leaves are used for polishing hard substances, 
and K^empfer, that the wood is employed in cabinet-work. 
Descr. Shrub four to six feet high, with copious, oppo- 
site, slender, branches, clothed with a pale brown bark, and 
leaves, which are also opposite, on short petioles, ovate, 
acute, or rather acuminate, roughish, serrated, veined in a 
pinnated manner, pale beneath. Flowers moderately large, 
white, in terminal racemes. Pedicels opposite, sometimes 
bearing two flowers. Calyx of five deep segments, the tube 
globose, adnate with the ovary. Corolla of five, nearly 
erect, oblongo-lanceolate, acute petals. Stamens ten, in- 
serted at the base of the calycine segments, on the outside 
of an orange-coloured, fleshy disk or ring. Filaments erect, 
alternately shorter, all of them broad, linear, petaloid, 
three-toothed at the top, the middle tooth bearing the some- 
what globose, two-celled anther, the lateral ones spreading. 
Ovary three-celled; ovules upon large, central, globose, 
fleshy, receptacles or placentce. Styles three, filiform, longer 
than the stamens. Stigmas club-shaped. 

Fig. 1. Calyx, Stamens, and Pistil. 2. Calyx and Pistil: the Ovary 
being cut through vertically : — magnified. 


( 3839 ) 


Class and Order. 
Syngenesia Superflua. 

( Nat. Ord. — Composite. — Senecionide^. DC.) 

Generic Character. 

Capitulum multiflorum heterogamum, fl. radii faemineis 
ligulatis interdiim subbilabiatis, disci tubulosis hermaphro- 
ditis sterilibus aut masculis, tubo tenui hispidulo, fauce dila- 
lata. Invol. squama 8—10 uniserialae ad medium concretes. 
Recept. convexum aut subconicum epaleaceum. Antherce 
ecaudata. Styli radii rami cono brevi superati. Achcenia 
calva glabra, radii obcompressa aut subtrigona, disci com- 
pressa. — Herbae Californicae annua, erects, albo-tomentosce. 
Folia alterna, oblonga-linearia, Integra aut parce dentata 
seu loculata. Capitula ad apicem caulis aut ramorum ter- 
minalia ebracteata. Flores lutei. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Monolopia* major ; foliis ligulatis obscure dentatis obtusis 

basi latioribus semiamplexicaulibus, ligulis involucro 

triplo longioribus. 
Monolopia major. De Cand. Prodr. v. 6. p. 114:. Hook. 1c. 

PL t. 4. t. 344. Hook, et Am. in Bot. of Beech. Voy. 

p. 359. 

Few persons on first seeing this rampant plant, with its 
dark green foliage, as growing in our gardens, (under the 
name too of " Helenium Douglasii") would suspect that it 
was the same with the small and hoary Monolopia major ot 


* From the Greek word p>»Aom(, bearing a single tunic, or garment, in 
allusion to the structure of the Involucre. De Cand. 

De Candolle ; yet such is really the case, and its fine large 
bright and deep yellow blossoms, continuing, as they do, in 
perfection for a great part of the summer months, render it 
really worthy a place in our gardens. It was introduced 
from California by Mr. Douglas, and has been extensively 
distributed by the Horticultural Society. 

Descr. Plant annual. Stems two to three feet long 
in our gardens, (scarcely one foot in our wild specimens,) 
dichotomously branched and rather straggling. Branches 
terete, as thick as a goose- quill, green, covered with an 
arachnoid, woolly down. Leaves alternate, reflexed, three 
to five inches long, ligulate, or being broader below, ovato- 
ligulate, obsoletely toothed, spreading and more or less 
recurved, dark-green above, paler beneath, the base both 
above and below, more or less woolly. Peduncles terminal, 
solitary, one-flowered. JravoZwcre broadly-cainpanulate, mo- 
nophyllus, the tube broad, turbinate, very woolly, the limb 
spreading, cut into about eight to ten acute, triangular, 
scarcely villous lobes. Receptacle conical, dotted, epalea- 
ceous. Ray of from eight to nine, large, ligulate fertile flo- 
rets. Corolla with the tube cylindrical (swollen at the base), 
clothed with spreading, glandular hairs. Lamina broadly- 
ovate, large, cut into three deep lobes : at the base is a 
small spathulate, fimbriated appendage, so that the corolla 
may almost be called two-lipped. Style rather shorter than 
the tube. Stigmas slightly protruded. Achenium obovate, 
somewhat triquetrous. In the central florets, the achenium 
is similar, but a little broader ; the corolla tubular, deep 
orange, with five glandular teeth. Anthers slightly pro- 
truded, and the branches of the style still longer. 

Fig. 1. Section of the Involucre showing the Receptacle : nat. size. 2. 
Radial Floret with the appendage at the base of the Lamina. 3. Tubular 
Floret : magnified. 4. Lower Leaf : nat. size. 


( 3840 ) 
Si»A picta. Painted-flowered Sida. 


Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Calyx nudus, 5-fidus, saepe angulatus. Stylus apice mul- 
tifidus. Carpella capsularia 5 — 30 circa axim verticillata, 
plus minusve interse coalita, 1-locularia, mono aut oligo- 
sperma, apice mutica aut aristata. — Genus potymorphum, in 
posterum jam docente cl. Kunth, dividendum exfructu semi- 
nisque structura valde diversd, sed adhuc intactum hue reti- 
nui ob innumeris species non satis cognitas ut in ordine car- 
polo gico locum obtineant. De Cand. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Sida (Sect. Abutilon) picta; fruticosa ramis herbaceis gla- 
bris, foliis longe petiolatis cordatis 3 — 5-lobatis glabris 
grosse serratis, lobis acuminatis, pedunculo axillari 
longo gracillimo unifloro, calyce late, campanulato 
basi obtuso, petalis erectis calyce triplo longioribus 
venis ramosis pictis. 

Sida picta. Gill, in Hook, et Am. Bot. Misc. v. 3. p. 155. 

Abutilon striatum. ce Dichs. in Botanist ined." Lindl. 
Miscell. Not. 1830, p. 39. 

A native of the banks of the Uraguay and of Buenos 
Ayres, whence specimens have been transmitted to us by 
Dr. Gillies and Mr. Tweedie. The latter, many years 
ago, sent home seeds, and plants have been raised of which 
flowering branches were communicated to us by Mr. 
Mackay, of the College Botanic Garden, Dublin, Mr 
Moore, of the Glasnevin Garden, and from the Botanical 
Gardens of Glasgow and Edinburgh. Hitherto it has been 
treated as a greenhouse plant ; in all probability it will 


succeed in the open air, especially in the summer months, 
and its gaily-painted flowers render it highly worthy of a 
place in every Collection. It flowers during various months 
of the year, and is easily cultivated and propagated. 

Descr. A small shrub, with herbaceous, green, rounded, 
glabrous, straight branches. Leaves on long, slender peti- 
oles, glabrous, cordate, from three to five-lobed, the lobes 
acuminated, serrated with coarse teeth. Stipules subulate, 
caducous, one on each side of the petiole. Peduncles axil- 
lary, solitary, more elongated, and slenderer than the peti- 
oles, often as long as the leaves, one-flowered, glabrous. 
Flowers large, handsome. Calyx somewhat campanulate, 
obtuse, and even truncate, and slightly ventricose at the 
base, downy, cut about half-way down into five equal, 
erect, acute, triangular segments. Petals erect, or but 
slightly spreading, concave, obovate, with a short claw, 
orange colour, beautifully marked with blood-coloured, 
branching veins. Staminal tube long : Anthers numerous, 
yellow. Ovary obtuse, hairy. Style purple upwards, fili- 
form, dividing into five branches, each with a capitate 

Fig. 1. Petal. 2. Pistil :— magnified. 

( 3841 ) 

Grabowskia duplicata. Toothed 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Solane^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx campanulatus regulariter 5-dentatus aestivatione 
valvari. Corolla e tubo brevi infundibuliformis, limbo 5- 
partito, laciuiis patentibus reflexisve, qnatuor aestivatione 
convolutiva,, quinta externa marginibus suis vicinarum mar- 
gines obtegens. Genitalia exserta. Stamina 5 aequalia, 
filanientis paulo supra tubi basin liberis, medio dense villo- 
sis (villis basin versus decrescentibus). Stylus teres, stig- 
mate subcapitato aut laeviter bifido. Germen 4-loculare, 
loculamentis 1-ovulatis ? Bacca calyce persistente suffulta, 
globosa, dipyrena, pyrenis lignosis bilocularibus, loculis 
1-spermis. Embryo hamato-curvatus cylindricus. — Frutex 
habitu Lycii genuini ramosissimus, spinis axillaribus horri- 
dus ; foliis spar sis integer rimis. F lores axillares c. fasci- 
culisfoliorum (ramulo non evoluto); ant subcoryinbosi in 
ramulis summis (hinc in ultimis ramis quasi paniculati). 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Grabowskia * duplicata ; foliis longiuscule petiolatis orbi- 
culari-ovatis undulatis basi attenuatis apice acuminula- 
tis calycis matureseentis ore intus dentibus 5-erectis 
instructo, laeiniis lanceolatis acutis. 

Grabowskia duplicata. Am. in Linncea. v. 11. p. 485. 


* So named in compliment to a very excellent and liberal Silesian Botanist 
^d Apothecary of Ohlaf, Mr. H. Grabowski, author, in conjunction with 
Mr. Wimmer, of* Flora of Silesia. 

Grabowsria boerhaviaefolia. Schlecht. in Linn. v. 7. p. 72. 

(quoad plant. Brasilianam) ? fide Am. 
Ehretia duplicata. Nees in Herb. Am. 

The distinguishing characters of this Genus were pointed 
out by L'Herttier when he figured his Ehretia halimifolia 
(the Lycium boerhaviafolium) ; for he says," ad Atropam 
ex corolla infundibuliformi et staminibus distantibus fere 
referenda est, sed calyx vesica rius baccam recondens Phy- 
salidem rectius declarat." 

Schlechtendal upon the same plant, a native of Peru, 
established the Genus Grabowskia ; and Mr. Arnott has 
added two species in the " Linnaea" above quoted, the one, 
G. obtusa, from Mendoza, at the eastern foot of the Chilian 
Andes, and our present plant, from Buenos Ay res and South 
Brazil. We have received wild specimens from Mr. Twee- 
die, and seeds were sent by the same meritorious Botanist 
to Mr. Moore at the Glasnevin Botanic Garden, whence 
we were favoured with the flowering specimens in July, 
1840. Mr. Moore informs us that it requires the moderate 
heat of a stove to bring the plant into flower, and that even 
then the blossoms are produced but sparingly. These flow- 
ers are different in form and in colour from the Gr. boer- 
havicefolia figured by Dr. Lindley at tab. 1985 of the Bot. 
Register : but the specimen there figured seems to be from 
South Brazil, and is probably the Gr. obtusa of Arnott. 
The true Gr. boerhavicefolia has dense corymbs of white 
flowers. The essential character of our species is the sin- 
gular inflation at the base of the segments of the calyx, 
which rises into a tooth-like form. 

Descr. Stems shrubby, rambling, twelve feet high. Branches 
terete, bearing a straight spine from the axil of many of the upper 
leaves. Leaves alternate, very broadly ovate, or almost orbicular, 
exceedingly glaucous, waved, entire, slightly attenuated at the base into 
a moderately short petiole, and having a small acumen at the point. 
Flowers axillary, fascicled, from the upper leaves, which, sometimes 
becoming abortive, the inflorescence appears terminal and subcorym- 
bose. Calyx-tube short, hemispherical : the limb of five, spreading, 
ovato-lanceolate segments, each with the base inflated into an evident 
tooth. Corolla hypocrateriform, greenish- white ; the tube straight, very 
hairy within, the limb of five, ovate, veined, spreading segments. Sta- 
mens five, exserted, arising from near the middle of the corolla. Base 
of the filaments (like the inner part of the tube of the corolla) villous 
with jointed hairs. Anthers oval, yellow. Germen ovate, four-celled. 
Style rather longer than the stamens, white. Stigma capitate, green. 

Fig. 1. Flower. 2. The same, with the Corolla laid open. 3. Section of the 
Ovary. 4. Stamen. 5. Hair from ditto -.—magnified. 

4 - ' 


( 3842 ) 



Class and Order. 

Hexandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Capparidejg. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala basi unita subpatens marcescens. Petala 4 ob- 
longa sessilia (sub-) regularis. Torus carnosus, subhemi- 
sphaericus superne dilatatus. Stamina 6 : filamenta aequa- 
lia (aestivatione inflexa) longe exserta. Capsula magna, 
obovato-elliptica, inflata, coriacea, indehiscens, stipitata, 
stylo perbrevi subulato terminata. Semina plurinia magna, 
laevia. — Arbor Californica humilis vertice patente. Radix 
longe fusiformis. Folia approximata 3-foliolata. Flores 
magni,flavi, terminates, racemoso. — Tota planta odore Po- 
linisiae. Nutt. in Torr. et Gr. FL 

Specific Name and Synonyms. 

Isomeris* arborea. Nutt. MSS. in Herb. Hook. — Torrey 
et Gray, FL N. Am. v. I. p. 124. 

This curious plant, whose blossoms at first sight consid- 
erably resemble those of a small-flowered Edwardsia, was 
discovered by Mr. Nuttallui California, and sent both to the 
Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, and to that of the Cale- 
donian Horticultural Society, by Mr. Buist of Philadelphia 
in 1839. In the former establishment it has been kept in 
the greenhouse, and has not yet flowered ; in the second it 
was placed in the stove, and flowered in the beginning of 
May. Mr. James M'Nab thinks that the flowering was 
promoted, by his having forcibly retained the top in a 

depending position. 

° v Descr. 

* So named from mq, equal, and pim part, in allusion probably to the 
regular petala, and the equal length of the stamens and pistil. 

Descr. Shrub erect; branches hoary, covered with short, 
erect, blunt hairs. Leaves alternate, petiolate, trifoliate, 
without stipule ; or stipetticles; leaflets ovato-elliptical, con- 
cave, soft, glaucous, scaly, mucronulate, without pubes- 
cence, excepting a very few hairs like those on the branches 
along the middle rib, which is prominent behind, veins ob- 
lique and obscure, scarcely seen on the back : petioles (an 
inch to an inch and a half long) rather shorter than the 
leaflets, spreading wide, hoary and pubescent like the 
branches, slightly compressed laterally, and obscurely 
grooved above. Flowers solitary in the axils of the leaves, 
but collected into terminal pseudo-racemes, pedunculate ; 
peduncles nearly as long as the petioles, more green than 
them, but equally pubescent. Calyx campanulate, rather 
more green and somewhat less pubescent than the peduncle, 
truncated at the base, four-cleft, segments ovate, acute, 
connivent at the apices. Corolla yellow, faintly but offen- 
sively perfumed ; petals four, imbricated, two approaching 
each other laterally in the upper part of the flower, two at 
the sides slightly removed from the upper ones and from 
each other below, ovato-elliptical, undulate, nearly without 
claws, more than twice as long as the calyx. Disk nectari- 
ferous, large and fleshy, shortly cylindrical, spreading and 
flat and pubescent on its upper surface, with a broad, conni- 
vent somewhat rugged tooth at its upper edge. Stamens 
six, twice as long as the petals, free, declined a little, insert- 
ed upon the disk towards its centre ; jilaments tapering a 
little, yellow, slightly pubescent ; anthers erect, two-celled, 
bursting along the face, and while bursting, becoming gra- 
dually revolute; pollen granules very minute, yellow. Pistil 
abortive in the upper flowers, in the others declined, pro- 
jected nearly twice as far as the stamens, on a rather stout, 
filiform, green, slightly pubescent footstalk, which is twice 
as long as the petals, or about as long as the stamens ; 
Germen boat-shaped, inflated, concave above, unilocular, 
green, glabrous, nearly as long as the petals, apiculate from 
the persisting, short style ; ovules very numerous, kidney- 
shaped, in two rows along each of the two sutures, both 
of which are prominent along the inside of the germen. 

Fig. 1. Flower, with part of the Calyx and the Petals removed. 2. Petal, 
3, Ovary laid open : magnified. 4. Fruit : nat size. 

( 3843 ) 

Aeschynanthus grandiflorus. Large- 
flowered Aeschinanthus. 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Cyrtandrace^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cal. tubulosus, 5-fidus, aequalis. Cor. hypogyna., tubo in- 
curvo, limbi bilabiati labio sup. bilobo, inf. trilobo, lobis 
subaequalibus. Stam. 4, didynama, rudimentum quinti : 
Antherce biloculares, per paria cohaerentes. Ovarium elon- 
gatum annulo hypogyno carnoso cinctum. Stylus simplex; 
stigma clavato-bilamellatum. Capsula basi calyce stipata, 
elon^ato-siliquaeformis, pseudo-quadrilocularis, bivalvis, 
valvis medio placentas, demum explanatas, margine semini- 
feras, gerentibus. Semina plurima, cylindrica,, funiculo 
filiformi et chalaza incrassata in filum simplex v. bifidum 
excurrente utrinque aristata. Albumen o. Radicula tereti- 
uscula, umbilicum basilarem attingens. — Frutices Asite tro- 
picce, volubiles v. scandentes, ad articulos tumidos radicantes ; 
foliis subcarnosis, pedunculis axillaribus terminalibusque ; 
floribus speciosis aurantiaceo-coccineis. Endlich. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Aeschynanthus* grandiflorus; foliis oblongo-lanceolatis 
acuminatis serratis obscure nervosis, umbella multi- 
flora,, laciniis calycinis ovatis, corollas lobis omnibus 
rotundatis subaequalibus, stylo exserto. 

Aeschynanthus grandiflorus. Don, in Gen. Syst. of Gard. 
and Bot. v. 4. p. 656. Paxt. Mag. of Bot. t. 241. 

Trichosporum grandiflorum. Don, in Ed. Phil. Journ. v. 
7. p. 85. 

Incarvillea parasitica. Roxb. Corom. t. 291. 

* From the Greek words, on^x^, modesty, and «»9o,-, a. flower. 
y 0L. XIV. K 

A native of Nepal, and lately introduced we believe by 
His Grace the Duke of Devonshire from India to the stoves 
of our Botanic Gardens. 

We are indebted for the noble specimens here figured to 
Mr. Sangton, Nurseryman, Kirkaldy, in whose hothouse it 
flowered in great beauty in September, 1840. The stems 
were about two feet high, scarcely tall enough to exhibit 
the scandent character. It succeeds well if planted in pots, 
though in its native country it is an epiphyte. 

Descr. Stems creeping, rounded, herbaceous, (at least in 
the younger ones and branches,) succulent, nodose. Leaves 
opposite, four to five inches long, lanceolate, acuminated, 
rather obscurely serrated, of a texture between coriaceous 
and carnose, obsoletely penninerved, quite glabrous, petio- 
lated ; petiole short, rounded, thick. Flowers in lateral, or 
usually terminal, bracteated, umbels, drooping, very showy. 
Peduncles short. Calyx oblong, glabrous, rather fleshy, 
deeply five-lobed, the lobes ovate acute, nearly equal. 
Corolla two and a half to three inches long, rich orange- 
scarlet, clothed with fine, somewhat glandular down. Tube 
long, inflated upwards, curved, the mouth contracted ; the 
limb two-lipped, upper lip with two projecting lobes, lower 
with three patent lobes, each lobe with a deep line down the 
middle. Stamens four perfect, didynamous, and one minute, 
abortive one. Filaments much exserted. Anthers of the 
two pairs oblong, two-celled, each pair conjoined by their 
tips, eventually separating. Ovary linear, surrounded at 
the base by a glandular ring : style white, thick, filiform : 
stigma capitate, formed of two plates. 

Fig. 1. Lower portion of the Corolla, with the Stamens. 2. Calyx laid 
open, showing the annular Disk and Pistil: — magnified. 


( 3844 ) 


Indian Cress. 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Tropeole^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-partitus, lobo superiore calcarato. Petala 5, in- 
aequalia, 3 inferiora minora aut evanida. Stam. 8 ab ipsa 
basi libera. Carpella 3, suberosa, reniformia, indehiscen- 
tia, hinc sulcata, rotundata. Semina magna, exalbuminosa, 
loculum secum implentia et hujus cavitati conformia. Em- 
bryo maguus, cotyledonibus 2 rectis crassis, junioribus dis- 
tinctis, dein arete conferruminatis et etiam cum spermo- 
demate adhaerentibus, ima basi subdistinctis, radicula intra 
cotyledonum processus latente, tubercula 4 mox radicellas 
proferentia gerente. De Cand. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Tropjeolum Moritzianum ; estipulata, foliis peltatis subor- 
biculatis laeviter 7—9 lobatis basi transversim trunca- 
tis lobis apice callosis, petalis venoso-pictis subaequi- 
longis calycem superantibus, 2 inferioribus cuneatis 
apice fimbriatis, 3 superioribus, spathulatis lamina fim- 
briata ungue longe ciliata, calcare petala \ excedente. 

Trop^olum Moritzianum. Klotzsck, in Ic. PL Rar. Hort. 
BeroL Fasc. 3. t. 17. 

The seeds of this new and very beautiful Tropjsolum 
were given to Mr. Murray at the Glasgow Botanic Garden 
by Mr. Lockhart of Trinidad, who received them trom 
Cumana. They soon vegetated, and the plants blossomed 
in July, 1840, for the first time, in the greenhouse. tHhers 
placed in the open border grew more vigorously, but 

showed no disposition to flower. At Berlin, and no doubt 
in England, and, probably, in more genial seasons, in Scot- 
land, it will blossom in the open air. The T. Smithii, De 
Cand., (T. peregrinum Sm., not Linn.,) answers to this 
somewhat in the general structure of the flowers, but is 
quite different in the foliage. It is a great acquisition to 
our collections. 

Descr. Stems long and twining, branched, terete, suc- 
culent, green, often tinged with purple. Leaves on more 
or less twisted petioles, peltate, nearly orbicular, but trun- 
cate at the base, with from seven to nine shallow lobes at 
the margin, each lobe obtuse, but with a callous point of a 
dull orange colour. Stipules none. Peduncles much lon- 
ger than the petioles, often twisted and scandent. Flowers 
moderately large, exceedingly handsome. Calyx of five 
very deep, ovate, bright-red, acute sepals : the spur twice 
their length, tapering, but obtuse and slightly bifid at the 
very point. Petals longer than the calyx : the three lower 
ones spathulate, bright orange, marked with red veins, the 
lamina deeply cut all round into a bright-red fringe, the 
claw, long, narrow, with long, red ciliae : two upper petals 
scarcely longer than the lower, wedge-shaped, veined and 
coloured as the rest, deeply fringed at the broad apex, 
destitute of ciliae. Stamens eight, shorter than the petals. 
Anthers subglobose; pollen green. Ovary deeply three- 
lobed : Style shorter than the stamens : Stigma unequally 
three cleft. 

Fig. 1. Upper Petal. 2. Lower ditto. 3. Pistil -.—magnified. 


( 3845 ) 



Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium explanatum. Sepala saepius undulata late- 
ralibus nunc sub labello connatis. Petala conforrnia. La- 
bellum maximum, ecalcaratum cum columna continuum, 
varie lobatum, basi tuberculatum v. cristatum. Columna 
libera, semiteres, apice utrinque alata. Anthera semibilo- 
cularis rostello nunc abbreviate, nunc elongato rostrato. 
Pollinia 2, postice sulcata ; caudicula plana, glandula ob- 
longa. — Herbae epiphytce nunc pseudo-bulbosce. Folia cori- 
acea. Scapi paniculati, vaginati, rarius simplices. Flores 
speciosi lutei sapius maculati, raro albi. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Oncidium macrantherum ; pumilum, pseudo-bulbis ovatis 
compressis monophyllis, pedunculis subtrifloris folio 
brevioribus, petalis sepalisque ellipticis conformibus, 
labello ovali apice emarginato lateribus deflexis disco 
callo elevato pubescente basi bituberculato, columna 
brevi basi utrinque longe calcarata, rostello producto, 
anthera (magna) ovato-acuminata. 

This is one of the many new Orchideous plants which 
along with still more interesting Cacte^e have been collect- 
ed by Mr. Galeotti in the interior of Mexico, and sent by 
our late Consul there, Mr. Parkinson, to the princely col- 
lection at Woburn, where it flowered in April, 1840. It is 
quite unlike any other species of the Genus with which I 
am acquainted; but may, perhaps, rank near O. pumilum 
(Bot. Reg. t. 920). D ^ 

Descr. Pseudo-bulb ovate, or oblong-ovate, an inch 
long, smooth, green, crowned with a single, oblong-lance- 
olate, rather rigid, but scarcely coriaceous leaf, acute, and 
very obscurely striated. On each side of the bulb, at the 
base, another similar leaf is produced, with a sheathing 
base, and these have two or three brown scales beneath 
them, from which the fibrous roots issue. Peduncle, or 
scape, from the bulb, one on each side, and consequently 
from the axil of the radical leaf, slender, two-flowered, 
much shorter than the leaves. Perianth, of an exceed- 
ingly delicate cellular structure. Sepals and petals spread- 
ing, uniform, elliptical, yellow-green tinged with red. Lip 
longer than the sepals, oval, lemon-colour, blotched with 
pale purple, the margins deflexed, waved, the apex bifid, 
the disk with a downy, oblong elevation or crest, having 
two yellow tubercles at the base. Column short, green, 
slightly downy upwards, rostellum elongated, bifid, [and 
there are two projecting spurs at the base, longer than the 
rostellum ; stigma with a deep purple border. Anther-case 
ovate, acuminated, as long as the rostellum. Pollen-masses 
two, deep-yellow, on a white caudicula, with a brown, 
oblong, gland, at its base. 

Fig. 1. Back view of a Flower. 2. Front view. 3. Column and Lip. 

4. Column from which the Anther is removed, exhibiting the rostellum. 

5. Inner view of an Anther-case. 6. 7. Back and front view of the pollen- 
masses : — magnified. 


( 3846 ) 

Malva lateritia. Pale Red-flowered 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Malvaceae. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx cinctus involucro 3-phyllo, rarius 5 — 6-phyllo, 
bracteolis oblongis setaceisque. Carpella capsularia plurima 
in orbem disposita. D C. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Malva lateritia; prostrata, pilis divaricato-bipartitis sim- 
plicibus stellatisque subhirsuta, foliis longe petiolatis 
3 — 5-lobis lobis oblongo-cuneatis inciso-dentatis, sti- 
pulis lato-ovatis herbaceis persistentibus, pedunculis 
axillaribus solitariis unifloris folio longioribus stamin- 
ibus numerosis, ovariis hirsutis sub-13. 

Our first knowledge of this plant is derived from Mr. 
Tweedie, who sent us specimens in 1836 from Buenos- 
Ayres (?), and from Entro Rios. In September, 1840, Mr. 
Macray favoured us with living specimens, which flowered 
in the open border in Dublin College Botanic Garden ; the 
seeds of which were derived from the same source. 

Descr. Stems prostrate, obtusely angled, herbaceous, 
branched. Leaves two to four inches long (rounded peti- 
oles about the same) cordate, deeply three- to five-lobed, 
truncate at the base, sparingly hairy, the lobes broadly- 
oblong, cuneate. Stipules broadly -ovate, herbaceous, per- 
sistent. Peduncles axillary, solitary, longer than the leaves, 
slightly hairy, single-flowered, nerved and ciliated. Calyx 
hairy, deeply five-cleft, the segments ovate, spreading. 


Involucre of three ovate, foliaceous bracteas. Corolla mode- 
rately large, of five spreading, rotundato-cuneate, unevenly 
truncated, pale red, somewhat roseate, oblique petals, the 
base with its short, ciliated claw, deep yellow, having a 
deep rose-coloured ray. Column of stamens short, hairy, 
deep yellow, conical ; free portion of the filaments nume- 
rous, spreading, moderately long, each terminated by a 
reniform, yellow, one-celled anther. Ovaries twelve to 
thirteen, united in a circle, clothed with long, upright hairs, 
each one-ovuled : Style dividing above the stamens into as 
many red branches as there are ovaries: Stigmas capi- 
tate, red. 

Fig. 1. Petal -.—magnified. 

( 3847 ) 

Orthosiphon incurvus. Incurved 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Labiate. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx ovato-tubulosus, 5-dentatus, dentis superioris ova- 
to-membranacei marginibus decurrentibus alatus, post an- 
thesin deflexus. Corolla tubo exserto recto vel incurvo 
nee gibboso nee defracto, fauce aequali vel rarius inflato., 
bilabiata, labio superiore 3 — 4 fido, inferiore integerrimo 
eoncavo. Stamina 4, declinata. Filamenta libera, eden- 
tula. Anthers ovato - reniformes, loculis confluentibus. 
Stylus apice clavato - capitatus, subinteger vel breviter 
emarginatuSj stigmatibus in emarginatura subconfluenti- 
buSj nunc minutis nunc incrassato-capitatis. Achenia mi- 
nutissima, punctulato-rugosa. — Herbae perennes,suffrutices- 
ve. Racemi simplices 3 s&pius elongati, rarissime ovato-spi- 
ciformes. Verticil lastri sexflori, disiantes, laxi. Folia flo- 
ralia bracteaformia, ovata, acuminata, reflexa, pedicellis 
s&pius breviora. Pedicelli fructiferi recurvi. (Benth. 
Labiat. 25.) 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Orthosiphon* incurvus; caule basi procumbente adscen- 
dente, foliis petiolatis oblongis crenatis utrinque an- 
gustatis tenuissime pubescentibus, verticillastris sub- 
secundis, corollis villosis incurvis calyce triplo longio- 
ribus, fauce subaequali, staminibus corollam subaequa- 
libus. Benth. 

Orthosiphon incurvus. Benth. in Wall. PL As. Rar. 2. 15. 

This plant, native of the mountains near to Silhet, was 
received at the Botanic Garden of Edinburgh, from the 
collection of His Grace the Duke of Northumberland at 


* From o§9o<;, straight, and <rt<pm, a tube, from the usually straight form of 
the tube of the corolla. 

Sion House, in October, 1839, and flowered in the stove 
in May and June following. Its structure is very curious, 
and the generic character, therefore, remarkably distinct. 

Descr. Stem sufFruticose, erect, branched. Leaves (three 
inches long, an inch and three quarters broad) ovate, peti- 
olate, bright green, paler behind, rough on both surfaces, 
coarsely serrato-crenate, entire and wedge-shape at the 
base, middle-rib and oblique veins strong and very pro- 
minent behind, transverse reticulations distinct, though 
much more slender. Spike racemose, terminal, much elon- 
gated, many-flowered, unilateral ; rachis furrowed, pubes- 
cent with dissimilar hairs, most of these being very short, 
others longer ; bracts ovate, acute, reflected, green, persist- 
ing. Whorls four-flowered ; flowers arising in pairs from 
one point, but having no common peduncle. Pedicels as 
long as the bracts. Calyx ten-nerved, bilabiate ; the upper 
lip three-nerved, rounded, reflexed, entire, mucronulate in 
the centre, decurrent along the sides of the tube, between 
which narrow wings the tube is flat above ; lower lip of 
four slender, subulate teeth, of which the lateral ones are 
shorter than the others, and broader at the base ; nearly the 
whole of the calyx, as well as the pedicels, has similar 
pubescence to that on the rachis, and is reddish-green, with 
a pink tinge of the upper lip, which alone is glabrous. 
Corolla pale pink ; tube greatly exserted, covered with 
dense, uniform, pubescence, equal to the longer hairs on 
the rachis, compressed laterally, dilated a little upwards, 
but contracted at the throat ; limb bilabiate, the lower lip 
spoon -shaped, slightly undulate, entire, projecting forwards 
in a line with the lower side of the tube; the upper lip three- 
lobed, of which the central is notched, the lateral ones 
being entire and reflected. Stamens four, didynamous ; 
filaments glabrous, adherent along the whole of the lower 
side of the corolla, in whose substance they seem to be 
lost, free in the throat and there divaricated after shedding 
the pollen, and scarcely exserted ; anther — lobes divaricated, 
reddish, and applied face to face before bursting. Pistil 
intermediate in length between the longer and shorter 
stamens ; stigma white, capitate, style recurved a little up- 
wards at the apex, glabrous, and lying with the filaments 
along the lower side of the tube. Germen of four small, 
erect lobes, rising from a white, fleshy disk, which is much 
enlarged on the lower side, and curved upwards, forming a 
large, blunt, fleshy covering to the germen, notched at the 
apex for the passage of the style. Graham. 

Fig. 1. Calyx from the side, and fig. 2, seen from the front: both mag- 

( 3848 ) 

Angelonia cornigera. Horn-bearing 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Scrophulariioe. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-fidus v. 5-partitus. Cor. tubo brevi, fauci forni- 
cata, limbi subbilabiati plani labio superiore obtusissimo 
bilobo, inferioris, trilobi lobo medio basi saccato iongiore 
rotundato. Antherce loculi divergentes : capsula globosa 
vel ellipsoidea, bivalvis, valvulis integris medio septiferis, 
Semina membrana laxa inclusa. — Herbae Austro-Ameri- 
cance, erectce v. procumbentes. Folia opposita v. superiora 
alterna. Pedunculi unijlori, solitarii, axillares v. racemosi. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Angelonia cornigera; hirsutula, foliis lanceolatis ciliatis 
basin versus latioribus integerrimis, superioribus mi- 
noribus bracteiformibus, pedunculis solitariis gracili- 
bus pilosis, labii inferioris segmento intermedio longi- 
cornuto, cornu apice bidentato. 

Angelonia ciliata. Gardn. MSS. in Herb. Brasil. n. 2271. 

Found in Brazil by Mr. Gardner, in 1839, growing 
commonly in sandy places about Oeiras, and from thence to 
the province of Ceara. I have taken the liberty of altering 
Mr. Gardner's name (ciliata) derived from a very obscure 
mark in the foliage to that suggested by the large and 
conspicuous horn-like appendage arising from the middle 
segment of the lower lip, and directed towards the centre 
of the flower. The specimen here figured was raised in 
the stove of the Glasgow Botanic Garden from seeds sent 


by Mr. Gardner, and differs somewhat from the native 
samples, in having the leaves rather more attenuated at the 
base, and the floral ones longer, more remote, and less 
resembling bracteae. In the native specimens, the flowers 
may almost be said to be in bracteated racemes. The 
flowers are extremely rich in colour, and a beautiful object 
for the microscope. 

Descr. Root fibrous, annual. Stems a foot and more 
high, branched from the base, hirsute. Lower leaves oppo- 
site, lanceolate, the rest alternate but approximate, small 
and bracteiform, floriferous, almost cordate at the base, all 
of them slightly hairy, ciliate and entire. Peduncles single- 
flowered, solitary, slender, hairy, shorter than the floral 
leaves in our cultivated specimens ; longer than they in the 
native specimens. Calyx small, two-lipped, of five deep 
segments f , segments linear-lanceolate, hairy. Corolla, as 
in the Genus, with an inflated, saccate tube, the limb plane, 
of five, deep, cuneate segments, two forming an upper lip, 
the other three a lower lip, the whole of a rich purple, 
deeper towards the mouth, the upper segments sprinkled 
with velvety dots, the intermediate one of the lower lip 
furnished at the base with a hornlike process, rounded and 
biaristate at the apex. Capsule elliptical, two-valved. 

Fig. 1. Flower. 2. The horn from the lower Lip of the Corolla: magni- 
fied. 3. Capsule : nat. size. 


All hail to Christmas ! — to that genial time, 

When skies are cold, hut hearts within are warm ; 

When Friendship bids defiance to the clime*, 

And while rude winds the out-door scene deform, 

Calls those she loves and shields them from the storm ; 

And bids them share in joys of holiest birth, 

And all the dear enjoyments known to swarm 

In rich abundance and in gentlest mirth, 

Around that blissful shrine — a happy Christmas hearth ! 

All hail to Christmas ! — tis a blessed season, 

To gentle joys and sweet emotions given; 

When ev'ry thought unkind appears a treason, 

And friends unite, and foes are all forgiven ; 

And Love rules all the day, and then at even, 

Affection's triumph is indeed complete, 

While joy and transport make this earth a heaven; 

And mirth and song unite in concord sweet, 

Around the social hearth where friends and kindred meet! 

All hail to Christmas! — give a hearty greeting, 

To him who gladdens each domestic sphere; 

And high and hallowed be the joy of meeting 

With one who brings us bliss, so lov'd, so dear! 

Who friends unites, that thro' the bye gone year, 

Are widely parted on life's stormy ocean; 

And bids them once more meet and mingle here, 

And share again with sweet, sublime emotion, 

Affection's joys refined, and Friendship's dear devotion! 

All hail to Christmas! — many a time like this, 

May we enjoy the blessings he bestows; 

For many a year partake as pure a bliss, 

And taste the joy the gentle spirit knows, 

In the sweet intercourse we hold with those, 

Who prize all home-born blessings, and confine 

Their hopes and wishes, but to taste repose 

In the dear circle of the hallowed shrine, 

Where love and feeling meet and make the hour divine ! 

All hail to Christmas! and to Rowland, hail! 
To beanty's self, who fairest bounty brings; 
Who comes with gift and song, and fairy tale, 
And at her feet, in rich profusion flings 
Charms of a worth untold, all brightest things, 
Meant to preserve her beauty from the tomb 
Of fell decay; to steal from Time his wings, 
And bid her fair, but fading charms assume 
A fresh immortal glow — a bright eternal bloom ! 

All hail to Christmas ! and to Rowland, hail ! 
Who comes with gifts of strange and magic power, 
With spells all potent, never known to fail 
In guarding youthful Beauty's fairy dower 
Of charms and graces safe from stoim and shower. 
Macassar's Oil; Kalydoh's gentle balm; 
And last a charm to soothe Affliction's hour, 
Odonto's boon to shield from tooth-ache's qualm, 
And o'er her being shed a sweet and heav'nly calm! 


" / /tYH 1 


( 3849 3850 ) 



Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Musace.e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perigonium epigynum, bilabiatum., labium inferius tubu- 
losum, postice usque ad basin fissum, apice quinquelobum, 
superius concavum, nanum, amplectens. Stamina 5, sexto 
postico abortive Ovarium inferum, triloculare. Ovula in 
loculorum angulo centrali plurima, biseriata, horizontalia, 
anatropa. Stylus crassus,- stigma infundibuliforrni-clava- 
tum, breviter sexlobum. Bacca oblonga, angulata, trilo- 
cularis ; seminibus plurimis in pnlpa nidulantibus, saepius 
effoetis farcta. Semina depressiuscula subglobosa, testa 
Crustacea, atra, ad umbilicum impressa. Embryo ortho- 
tropus, fungiformis, in axi albuminis subfarinosi, extremitate 
radiculari umbilicum attingente, centripeta.—- Herbaegerorc- 
togtea? tropica? et subtropical, in Americam introducta, gi- 
gant& ; trunco e petiolorum vaginis longissimis, scapum ra- 
dicalem, solo apice liberum, Jloriferum velantibus conjlato, 
lamina foliorum amplissima, valde nervosa, Jloribus in axilla 
spatharum confertis, ebractealis. Endl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Musa* superba ; subacaulis, spica nutante, bracteis corda- 
to-ovatis concavis obtusis inferioribus persistantibus, 
perianthii labio superiore 3-partito lateribus revolutis, 
labio iiiferiorc multo breviore 3-lobo lobo intermedio 


* " The word is corrupted, or rather refined from Mauz, the Egypt. an 
appellation of this valuable plant, and is made classical in the works ot 
Linnjsus, by an allusion to Musa, a Muse ; or with much greater pr< | 
to Antonius Musa, the physician to Augustus, who, having ml 
some Botanical subjects, may justly be commemorated in the above name. 
Smith in Rees' Cy'cl. 


subulato lateralibus multo longiore, filamentis 5 cy- 
lindraceis. Grah. 
Musa superba. Roxb. PL Corom. v. 3. t. 223. Fl. Indie. 
v.\.p. 667. Ed. Car. et Wall. v. 2. p. 489. Roem. et 
Schult. Si/st. Veget. v. 7. p. 1294. Spreng. Syst. Ve- 
gel.v. 1. p. 833. 

I think there cannot be any reasonable doubt that the 
plant I have described is the M. superba of Roxburgh ; 
though the description of the size and form of the stem, as 
given by him, does not accord with our plant. His plant 
is described as thirteen feet high ; ours, though remarkably 
vigorous, is only five ; his has a most remarkable conical 
base, seven and a half feet in circumference close to the 
ground, and four and a half immediately under the leaves ; 
ours is hardly two feet and a half in circumference at the 
ground, and scarcely tapers at all. In almost every other 
respect the description of Roxburgh, where it does not 
contradict itself, is minutely applicable to our plant, very 
imperfectly indeed to his figure, which also differs greatly 
from the specimen 1 now describe. It is probable that the 
difference in the form of the stem arises from the age of the 
respective plants when they flowered. The figure in the 
Coromandel plants is perhaps taken from a plant which 
flowered in the Botanic Garden, Calcutta, thirty three 
months after the seeds from whence it sprung were sown ; 
our plant blossomed in the end of August, 1840, fourteen 
months after the seed from which it sprung was put into 
the ground. 

Every one who has visited the Botanic Garden of Edin- 
burgh for some years past, has been struck with the brilliant 
success which has attended the cultivation of the many 
forms of Banana under the judicious management of Mr. 
M c Nab, and the immence quantity of high-flavoured fruit 
which has been produced ; but nothing has afforded a 
greater triumph than the rapid perfection of this beautiful 
species from imported seed, though we are informed by Dr. 
Roxburgh that it does not yield a fruit which can be eaten, 
but one which resembles a dry capsule, rather than a berry. 
We learn from the same authority, that it is a native of the 
valleys in the southern parts of the Peninsula of India. In 
cultivation in the Botanic Garden, this, and all the varieties 
of fruit-bearing Bananas have been planted in large tubs 
containing extremely rich soil, have had much water, and 


been kept in great heat. The flower-bud, as I have proved 
by cutting down full grown plants of Musa rosacea and 
Cavendishii, and I think also of M. paradisaica, remains at 
the root till a time after the plant has attained its full size 
varying according to its treatment, and then pushes its way 
upwards — its appearance at the top of the stem being 
preceded by the evolution of one or more leaves smaller 
than the rest. 

Descr. Stem scarcely any, the petioles spreading nearly 
from the root upwards on all sides, and forming a pseudo- 
stem of nine inches in diameter at the base of the specimen 
described. Flower-stalk (about five feet high from the 
ground) cernuous. Leaves (five feet long, by one foot 
seven inches broad) lanceolato-elliptical, slightly unequal 
at the base, of a lively green on both sides, rather darker 
above, with a very narrow red edge, middle rib very strong, 
semicylindrical behind, with a deep rounded groove in 
front, transverse veins waved, especially near the base ; 
petioles of the lower leaves fully one-third of the length of 
these, and of the same shape as the middle rib, slightly 
stem-clasping at their origin ; floral leaves gradually 
smaller till the petioles pass into large, ovate brads, the 
lower of which only retain a small portion of the leafy 
expansion at the apex, but these, like the others, spread in 
a roseate manner, green without, red-brown within, forming 
after a few only have expanded, a large, elegant, cernuous, 
imbricated, circular basin, of a foot in diameter, in the 
centre of which is the cordato-ovate mass of unexpanded 
bracts, surrounded by the flowers, which are half concealed 
among the imbricated expanded bracteae. These are 
persistent, and always concave forwards, never re flexed ; 
a few of the lower are empty, next are several with female 
flowers, the stamens being abortive, and then follow many, 
expanding in slow succession, deciduous, and covering 
flowers having the stamens fully developed, but with the 
pistil incomplete. Perianth single, superior, bilabiate ; the 
upper lip (an inch and a half long) coriaceous, linear, erect, 
revolute in the sides, reflected at the apex, ultimately 
three-partite, with two slender, linear, internal segments 
laid along the fissures, the segments usually twisted to- 
gether ; tower lip embraced by the base of the upper, less 
than half its length, membranous, diaphanous, colourless, 
deflected, three-lobed, the centre lobe subulate, and very 
slender, the lateral lobes scarcely half the length of the 
other, ovate, subacute, spreading. Filaments five, epigy- 


nous, round, stout, erect, parallel to each other, and ranged 
in a row within the upper lip of the perianth. A large 
quantity of transparent, colourless, deliquescent jelly is 
discharged from the faux ; between the style and the lower 
lip of the perianth. Male Flower. Anthers twice as long 
as the filaments, their apices reflexed, and projecting 
beyond the upper lip of the perianth, bilobular, the lobes 
narrow, red, laid along the face of the flat linear connective, 
towards its edges, and bursting anteriorly ; pollen yellow, 
abundant, granules spherical. Pistil abortive, style subu- 
late, equal in length to the filaments, and having a small 
dry stigma. Female Flower. — Filaments rather shorter 
than in the male flower, with scarcely any appearance of 
abortive anthers on their conical summits. Stigma large, 
white, slimy, capitate, irregularly and incompletely lobed. 
Style stout, erect, twice the length of the abortive stamens, 
and two-thirds of the length of the upper lip of the perianth. 
Germen angular, three-celled. Ovules very numerous, 
globular, shortly pedicellate, their attachment being in two 
rows to a central placenta in each cell. Graham. 

Tab. 3849. Musa superba, on a very reduced scale, from a sketch sent 
by Mr. James Macnab. Fig. 1. Female Flower, nat. size. 

Tab. 8850. Bractea, with its Male Flowers, nat size, partially covered 
with the gelatinous fluid, which copiously exudes from the blossoms. Fig. 
1. Single Male Flower, nat. size. 



( 3851 ) 

Trop^olum brachyceras. Short-spurred 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — TropeolejE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 5-partitus coloratus, lacinia superiore basi calca- 
rata, calcare libero intra florem hinc hiante extra stamina, 
lobis nunc liberis, nunc inter se varie coalitis. Petala 5, 
calyci inserta, ejusdem lobis alterna, inaequalia, irregularia, 
2 superiora sessilia remota, calcaris fauci infixa, 3 inferiora 
unguiculata minora interdum abortiva. Stamina 8, fila- 
mentis liberis ovarium arete cingentibus, disco (perigyno ?) 
insertis, antheris terminalibus oblongis erectis bilocularibus 
rirna duplici dehiscentibus. Carpella 3 arete connata in 
ovarium 1 trigonum. Styli 3 in 1 tristriatum fihformem 
connexi. Stigmata 3 acuta. Carpella 3 imo stylo seu 
fructus axi adnata, 1-locularia, 1-sperma. Semina magna, 
exalbuminosa, loculum suum implentia et hujus cavitati 
conformia. Embryo magnus ; cotyledonibus 2, rectis, 
crassis, junioribus distinctis, dein arete conferruminatis et 
etiam cum spermodermate adhaerentibus, ima basi subdis- 
tinctis ; radicula intra cotyledonum processus latente. De 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Trop^olum brachyceras; foliis peltatisectis segment is 6—7 
obloncro-obovatis integris, calcare conico obtuso ca- 
lyce dnplo breviore, petalis subconfonnibus emargi- 
natis 2 superioribus cuneatis basi venosis. 

Trop^olum brachyceras. Hook, et Am. Bot. of Beech. 
Voy.p. 14. Lindl. Bot. Reg. t. 1926. Sweet Brit. Ft. 
Gard. t. 370. ,, -, , , D . 

Trop^olum tenellum. G. Don, Gen. Syst. Gard. and Bot. 

v.X.p.W. Qur 

Our first knowledge of this delicate and sprightly species 
of Indian Cress was derived from specimens gathered in 
the Chilian Andes, not far from Valparaiso, by Mr. Bridges. 
By the natives it is called Flor de Perdiz. Mr. Cuming 
introduced it to our gardens, and it is now cultivated in 
several greenhouses besides those of Woburn Abbey, whence 
our specimen here represented was sent in June, 1840, by 
Mr. Forbes. It is a scandent plant ; and if the stems and 
branches are allowed to grow in a compact manner around 
some upright sticks in a pot, the copious bright yellow 
flowers are well relieved by the delicate green of the foliage, 
and the effect is exceedingly pretty. 

Descr. Stems very slender, filiform, herbaceous, pale 
green, scandent, much branched, a foot and a half to two 
feet long. Leaves peltate, petiolate, nearly orbicular in 
their circumscription, deeply six to seven-lobed, the lobes 
between oblong and obovate, very obtuse, entire, bright 
green above, somewhat glaucous and paler beneath. 
Petioles about an inch long, slender, wavy and often 
performing the functions of tendrils. Peduncles axillary, 
resembling the petioles, but longer, and a little stouter, 
single-flowered. Calyx bell-shaped, green, cut into five 
deep, ovate, rather acute, and moderately spreading 
segments; prolonged at the base, above the insertion of 
the peduncle, into a conical, obtuse spur, about half the 
length of the calyx. Corolla of five spreading, yellow 
petals, twice or thrice as long as the calyx, two-lobed 
at the apex ; the three lower ones obovate, and of an 
uniform yellow colour ; the two upper rather smaller, more 
cuneate, marked with purple veins at the bottom. 

Fig. 1. Front view of a Flower. 2. Side view of the Calyx with 
Stamens : — magnified. 

Pub by ad KssxvFtbl 

( 3852 ) 
Aconitum Chinense. Chinese Monks-hood. 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Ranunculace^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx petaloideus irregularis deciduus vel marcescens, 
sepalo nempe superiore concavo cassidaeformi. Petala 
2 superiora (cuculli, nectaria) longe unguiculata apice in 
saccum expansa sub galea recondita. — Folia palmatisecta. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Aconitum Chinense ; elatum robustum, caule glabro, foliis 
inferioribus petiolatis amplis profunde tripartita seg- 
mentis cuneatis incisis lateralibus profunde bifidis, su- 
perioribus sessilibus 3— 5-fidis laciniis subintegerrimis, 
racemis compositis, pedicellis superne pilosis, calycis 
galea elevatim venosa vertice obtusissima apice acuta, 
nectariis calcare brevissimo. 

Aconitum Chinense. " Sieboldt." " Paxt. Mag. of Hot. 
Feb. 1838/' with a figure. 

Of the history of this fine, showy Aconitum, I know no- 
thing further than that the plant has been kindly commu- 
nicated to me by Dr. Graham from the Edinburgh Botanic 
Garden, and that Steudel in his new « Nomenclator Bota- 
nicus," gives it as an inhabitant of China, and assigns Dr. 
Sieboldt as the authority for the name. It is probably 
cultivated in China : but of its specific merits I am alto- 
gether incompetent to speak, in a Genus so liable to vary, 
and so apt to produce hybrids. This is a stately and a 
hardy species ; the blossoms copious, large, andot a pecu- 
liarly deep and vivid purple colour. The species will be- 
long to De Candolle's Sect. IV. Napellus. 


Descr. Root perennial, tuberous. Stem five to six feet 
high, stout, erect, branched, green, tinged with purple, gla- 
brous. Lower leaves large, and on moderately long, broad, 
and channelled petioles; — deeply cut, indeed to the very 
petiole, into three, cuneale segments, tapering at the base, 
irregularly toothed and cut towards the top, the side ones 
very broad and deeply divided, but not to the base, the 
whole is glabrous, strongly veined and reticulated : upper 
leaves sessile, gradually passing into more and more entire, 
small bracteas, among the upper flowers. Racemes large, 
compound, pedicels slightly hairy above. Flowers large, 
showy, of an intense and very bright blue colour. Galea 
semicircular, but moderately compressed at the sides, the 
apex acute. Nectaries on long, glabrous stalks, the saccate 
spur very short. 

Fig. 1. Two of the Petals with the Nectaries, Stamens, and Pistils : — 

Ilib fc.wwfc*;,,: 

( 3853 ) 

Pentstemon heterophyllus. Various- 
leaved Pentstemon. 

Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — ScrophularinjE< ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx pentaphyllus aut 5-partitus, bractea solitaria dis- 
tante. Cor. ventricosa, bilabiata. Stam. didynamia, rudi- 
mento quinti filiformi saepius barbato. Antherte sejunctae 
saepius glabrae. Caps, ovata, bilocularis, bivalvis, poly- 
sperma. Semina angulata. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Pentstemon heterophyllus; foliis glaucescentibus integerri- 
mis inferioribus lineari-lanceolatis superioribus linea- 
ribus, racemo virgato, sepalis ovatis acuminatis, corol- 
lis ventricosis imberbibus, stamine sterili glabro, an- 
theris sagittatis apice fimbriatis. Lindl. 

Pentstemon heterophyllus. Lindl. Bot. Reg. t. 1899. 
Hook, et Am. Bot. of Beech. Voy. p. 376. 

As we have already observed in the work on the Botany 
of Capt. Beechey's Voyage, above quoted, the name given 
to this plant is scarcely appropriate, seeing that there is no 
greater difference between lower and upper leaves than 
what is usually observable between the cauline and floral 
leaves of plants in general. The species is one of the 
many handsome hardy herbaceous plants introduced by the 
late Mr. Douglas to the gardens of the Horticultural Soci- 
ety, and by that valuable institution spread far and wide in 
the collections of this and other countries. Our specimens 
were sent from Woburn Abbey, where they flowered in 
July of this year, and made a very pretty appearance with 


their large, showy, purple flowers. It may be increased 
either by seeds or cuttings. 

Descr. Plant from a foot to a foot and a half high, erect, 
branched, the branches slender and virgate, deeply tinged 
with purple. Leaves opposite, glabrous, narrow-lanceo- 
late, often curved downwards, entire, acute, sessile, the 
uppermost ones, among the flowers, more narrow and 
almost exactly linear. Peduncles an inch or more long, 
bearing, above the middle, two opposite leaves or bracteas, 
and generally one, sometimes two flowers. Calyx very 
small in proportion to the size of the corolla, deeply cut 
into five linear-subulate, narrow, spreading, or recurved 
segments. Corolla an inch and a half long, red-purple, 
much paler in bud. Tube narrow at the base, gradually 
expanding upwards ; limb two-lipped, upper lip two-, lower 
three-lobed ; lobes very obtuse, spreading. Stamens in- 
serted below the middle of the tube, four didyuamous, and 
a fifth sterile filament, quite glabrous. Anthers cordate, 
deep purple. Style rather longer than the sterile filament. 

Fig. 1 . Calyx and lower part of the Corolla, with the Stamens and Pistil, 
slightly magnified. 

( 3854 ) 

Oncidium Wray^e. Mrs. Wray's 


Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchidea. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium explanatum. Sepala saepius undulata : late- 
ral ibus nunc sub-labello connatis. Petala conformia. La- 
helium maximum ecalcaratum, cum columna continuum, 
variae lobatum, basi tuberculatum vel cristatum. Columna 
libera, semiteres, apice utrinque alata. Anthera semibilo- 
eularis, rostello nunc abbreviate, nunc elongato rostrato. 
Pollinia 2, postice sulcata ; caudicula plana; glandula ob- 
longa. — Herbae epiphytes, nunc pseudo-bulbosce. Folia cori- 
acea. Scapi paniculati, vaginati, rarius simplices. Flo res 
speciosi, lutei, scepius maculati, raro albi. Lindl. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Oncidium fVraya; pseudo-bulbisovatiscompressissulcatis, 
foliis % terminalibus lineari-Ianceolatis, scapo radicali 
elongato ramoso, floribus paniculatis, petalis sepalis- 
que conformibus ovato-acuminatis patentibus ferru- 
gineo-maculatis, labello unicolori late cuneato-obo- 
vato 3-lobo cristato, crista elevata acute triloba. 

A native of Mexico, whence it was introduced to the 
stove of the gardens at Oakfield, near Cheltenham by one 
of the most intelligent and enthusiastic of cultivators, 
Mrs. Wray of that place. , 

Descr. Pseudo-bulbs clustered, scarcely three inches 
high, ovate, furrowed, wrinkled and compressed. In the 
younger state of the bulb, it is accompanied by tour leaves, 

two from the base and terminating a broad kind of sheathing 
scale, and two arising from the apex of the bulb, larger, 
but similar in shape to the radical ones, linear-lanceolate, 
somewhat coriaceous, and slightly spirally twisted. Scape 
from the base of a bulb and within the withered sheathing 
scale of a radical leaf, slender, tall, varying from three to 
five feet high, panicled above, and bearing copious bright 
coloured flowers, yellow, the sepals and petals alone 
blotched with deep rusty brown. These sepals and petals 
are alike in shape, ovate, acuminate, spreading. Lip large, 
broadly obovate, somewhat unguiculate, three-lobed, lobes 
rounded, entire, waved : at the base is an elevated, keeled 
ridge, or crest, presenting three acute lobes. Column 
short, yellow, in front at each side having a projecting, 
rounded wing. Anther-case hemispherical, yellow. Pol- 
len masses two, the caudicle arising from an oblong, deep 
red gland. 

Fig. 1. Germen, Column, and Anther. 2. Pollen - Masses -.—mag- 

( 3855 ) 

Cycnoches Loddigesii; var. leucochilum. 
Mr. Loddiges'Swanwort; white-lipped var. 


Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium explanatum. Sepala lateralia lanceolata, 
basi paululum sub labello connata ; supremo angustiore. 
Petala latiora falcata decurva. Labellum liberum, ecalca- 
ratum, columna continuum, lanceolatum, integerrimum, 
ungue abrupto calloso. Columna elongata arcuata teres, 
apice clavata, auriculis 2 falcatis ad latera clinandrii. An- 
thera bilocularis. Pollinia 2, postice sulcata, subpedicel- 
lata ; caudicula lineari ; glandula grossa. — Habitus Cataseti 
(sed racemus lateralis). Lindl. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Cycnoches* Loddigesii; labello lauceolato planiusculo 
unjrue brevi calloso, columna sepalum supremum 

((3.) leucochilum ; labello immaculato. 

It is to Mr. Moss of Otterspool, Liverpool, that I am in- 
debted for the noble specimen of a white-lipped variety ot 
the Cycnoches Loddigesii of Dr. Lindley. The species is 
a native of Guiana, and may certainly be numbered among 
the most remarkable of this very remarkable ^ tribe ot plants, 
the Orchide^, produced its large, fragrant blossoms in the 

* So called by Professor Lindley, fiom mmu J ^"^HSred! 
«eck, in allusion to the column of this plant, which is gracefully curved, 
like the neck of a swan. 


stove, in the month of August, 1840. Two other species of 
this Genus are now known in our collections, the C. ventri- 
cosum of Mr. Bateman's splendid " Orchidaceae of Mexico 
and Guatemala," Tab. V., characterized by its pale, yellow- 
green, sulphur-coloured, spotless flowers, ventricose lip, 
and short column ; and C. maculatum of Dr. Lindley's 
equally beautiful " Sertum Orchidaceum," readily known 
by its very long raceme of copious but comparatively small, 
yellow flowers, spotted with purple, and by the singularly 
fringed lip. 

Descr. Pseudo-bulbs elongated, cylindrical, eight or 
ten inches to almost a foot in length, clustered, articulated 
and sheathed with the bases of former year's leaves, pale 
ashy grey, at the apex terminated by a leafy crown. Leaves 
lanceolate, acuminate, membranaceous, striated. Scape 
from near the top of the pseudo-bulb, long, drooping, aris- 
ing from the side of the pseudo-bulb, bearing many flowers, 
no less remarkable in their form than in their size. Sepals 
unequal, the uppermost one, (or that corresponding with 
the column,) very narrow, linear- lanceolate, brownish- 
green, the two lateral ones much broader, oblongo- 
lanceolate, acuminate, greenish with transverse, brown 
blotches. Petals similar to them, but rather larger, spot- 
less, and both of them falcate and decurved. Lip lanceo- 
late, thick, fleshy in our specimen, ivory white tipped with 
yellowish-green, the base, or claw, where it unites with the 
column, spotted with red. Column remarkably long and 
slender, gracefully curved, like a swan's neck, as the generic 
name implies, semiterete, deep purple, above broader and 
somewhat winged, green, spotted with purple, just below 
which the small anther-case is placed. 


( 3856 ) 

Stevia trachelioides. Trachelium- 
leaved Stevia. 

Class and Order. 
Syngenesia tEqualis. 

( Nat. Ord. — Composite. ) 

Generic Character. 

Capitulum 5-florum. Invol. cylindricum, squamis 5 — 6 
acutis acuminatisvesubaequalibus. Recept. nudum. Achce- 
nium stricto-nervosum angulatumve elongatum. Pappus 
paleis 1-serialibusnunc in iisdem ant saepius in diversisindi- 
vidnis omnibus scariosis planis parvis, nunc aliis scariosis, 
aliis (pier, alternis) in aristas 1 — 5 rigidas margine scabras 
abeuntibus, nunc omnibus (pier. 5—20) in aristas mutatis. 
— Suffrutices aut herbae omnes ex America prasertim e Mex- 
ico, rariiis ex Amer. Merid. Folia infer, opposita, super, 
opposita aut alterna, in omnia ternato-verticillata, linearia 
lanceolata aut ovata } sapius triptinervia integerrima serrata 
aut in unicd trifida. Capitula in corymbum densum laxum- 
ve disposita, rariiis subsparsa longius pedicellata. Cor. 
alba, rosea aut purpurea, interdum subochroleuca. De 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Stevia trachelioides ; caule herbaceo erecto dense pubes- 
centi-scabrido, ramis oppositis alternisque corymbosis, 
foliis plerisque oppositis basi cuneatis sessilibus supen- 
oribus lanceolatis saepe integerrimis iiifenonbus 4-plo 
majoribus late ovatis acutis trinerviis grosse serratis 
subtns pallidis nervis praecipue pubescentibus involucri 
sub-5-flori squamis acutis corollisque hispidulis, pappo 
coroniformi deutato. 

Stevia trachelioides. De Cand. Prodr. 5. p. 1 1 J. 

Communicated by Mr. Thomas Glover, from the garden 
of Edward Leeds, Esq., near Manchester, who received th< 


seeds from W. Higson, Esq., of Mexico, and who cultivates 
it both in the greenhouse and open border. In the latter it 
attains a height of three feet, and bears the dense corymbs 
of flowers of a very deep and rich purple colour. They are 
paler in the greenhouse : and some of our native specimens 
in the Herbarium exhibit them white. 

Descr. Stem erect, two to three feet high, pubescenti- 
scabrous, tinged with purple, branched, the lower branches 
opposite, the upper ones alternate. Leaves, in like manner, 
opposite below, alternate above, the former broadly ovate, 
acute, on short, broad petioles, three-nerved ; upper ones 
gradually smaller and narrower, quite sessile, all of them 
coarsely serrated. The copious branches at the top of the 
stem reach nearly to the same level, thus forming a large, 
dense corymb, with the numerous bright red-purple flowers. 
Heads in clusters of three or four together. Involucre of 
five, erect, linear-oblong, hispid leaves, including the same 
number of florets. Corolla almost salver-shaped, the tube 
slightly enlarged upwards, the five spreading segments of 
the limb hispid on the outside. Style, with its very long 
downy branches, much protruded. Achcenium furrowed, 
crowned with a short, irregular, cup-shaped pappus, desti- 
tute of awns or setae. 

Fig. 1. Head of Flowers. 2. Single Floret : — magnified. 

-•'.-/ K.1SA.T. 

( 3857 ) 

Helichrysum niveum. Snowy-flowered 

Class and Order. 
Syngenesia JEqv alis. 

( Nat. Ord. — Composite. SenecfonidejE. ) 

Generic Character, 

Capitulum multiflorum, nunc homogamum, fl. omnibus 
tubulosis hermaphr. 5-dentatis, nunc heterogamuni j?. radii 
uniseriatis saepe paucissimis faemineis gracilibus. Invol. im- 
bricatum, squamis scariosis, interioribus conniventibus aut 
radiantibus. Recept. planum epaleaceum, nunc nudum, 
aut areolatum, nunc fimbrilliferum. Achania erostria sessi- 
lia, areola terminali. Pappus uniserialis setis subscabris 
(nee plumosis), nunc liberis, nunc aequaliter basi subconcre- 
tis, nunc inaequaliter subcoadunatis seu ramosis. — Herbae aut 
Suffrutices. Species prcesertim Capenses, in omni orbe veteri 
et Australasia etiam crescentes, sed nunquam in America ob- 
seroatm. Folia alterna. Involucra alba purpurea autflava. 
Cor. luteal aut purpurea. De Cand. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Helichrysum niveum; perenne caule erecto subsimplice 
scabro capitulis maximis solitariis terminalibus, squa- 
mis utrinque niveis conniventibus ovatis mucronula- 
tis, foliis oblongo-spathulatis utrinque viridibus pubes- 
centibus basi in petiolum angustatis semiamplexicau- 
libus. Graham. 

This large and extremely ornamental species, was raised 
by Mr. Low of Clapton, from seed sent from Swan River 
by Mr. Drummond, late of Cork, and seedlings, sent to the 
garden of the Caledonian Horticultural Society in October, 


1839, flowered very abundantly during July and August 
following, forming an exceedingly attractive border plant. 

The species has proved to be perennial, pushing, in the 
year after flowering, many branches from the lower part of 
the stem. It has not ripened seed at Edinburgh. It has 
much affinity with the H. macranthum of Bentham, but is 
distinguished by its large capitula, pure white, cup-shaped 
involucre, and perennial root. It is in the highest degree 
worthy of cultivation. [Mrs. Wrav of Cheltenham has also 
kindly communicated fine specimens of this plant. — Ed/] 

Descr. Stem above three feet and a half high, some- 
what woody, erect, simple below, corymbose at the top, 
green. Leaves (seven inches long, nearly two broad) gradu- 
ally smaller upwards, scattered, as well as the stem, rough, 
without pubescence, sessile, the lower ones obovate and 
much attenuated at the base, the upper more nearly ellipti- 
cal, green on both sides, with a strong middle rib, and four 
to six principal veins extending nearly to the apex of the 
leaf, which is entire in the edges. Capitula terminal, on 
elongated, subsimple, corymbose branches. Involucre large, 
scariose, of snowy whiteness, spreading into a hemisphere; 
scales elliptical, very numerous, imbricated, the outer and 
inner the smallest, concave, none of them radiating, the 
inner green at the base. Florets very numerous, yellow, 
cylindrical, all hermaphrodite, five-toothed. Stamens in- 
serted near the base of the corolla, the apices of the anthers 
subexserted. Stigmata revolute, truncated, hairy at the 
apices ; style colourless, filiform, its apex projecting above 
the stamens. Germen glabrous, crowned with a rough 
pappus, almost plumose, as long as the corolla. Receptacle 
naked, pitted. Graham. 

Fig. 1. Floret. 2. Ripe Achoenium. 3. Pappus, separated from the 
Achaenium. 4. Portion of the Pappus to show the union of the sets; at 
their base : — magnified. 


( 3858 ) 

Anchlsa petiolata. Petiolated-leaved 


Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Boragine^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 5-fidus. Corolla hypoygna, infundibuliformis v. 
hypocraterimorpha, fauce fornicibus clausa, limbo quinque- 
partito. Stamina 5, corollas tubo inserta, inclusa. Ova- 
rium quadrilobum. Stylus simplex; stigma indivisum. 
Nuces distinctae, rugosae, basi excavata margine turnido 
cincta, receptaculo insertse. — Herbae in hemispheric borea- 
lis temperatis et calidioribus indigence, in regione Mediter- 
ranea imprimis copiosa, inter tropicos Asia et America, nee 
non in Capite Bonce Spei rarce; floribus axillaribus solitariis 
v. racemosis, racemis bracteatis. Endlich. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Anchusa petiolata; foliis Ianceolatis radicalibus longe peti- 
olatis caulinis sessilibus supremis bracteiformibus oya- 
to-acuminatis, floribus racemoso-paniculatis, corollae 
tubo calycis longitudine. 

A pretty showy perennial, raised by Mr. Murray, in the 
Glasgow Botanic Garden, from seeds sent from Nepal 
by Colonel Colvin, of the department of Engineers in 
the service of the Hon. the East India Company It 
flowered in the greenhouse m October, 1840 but will, no 
doubt, be found to bear the open air unharmed during the 
summer and autumnal months, and will prove an interesting 
addition to our flower borders. At first, I was disposed to 
consider it the same as the Cynoglossum longiflorum from 

Cashmere, of Bentham in Royle's Illustrations, p. 305, and 
of Lindl. in Botanical Register for 1840, Tab. 50, but 
the broader leaves, the long tube of the corolla, and the 
projecting nectaries and stamens, beyond the mouth of the 
corolla of that plant, forbid such an opinion, notwith- 
standing the resemblance in other respects. 

Descr. Stems herbaceous, erect, branched. Radical 
leaves five to six inches long, lanceolate, acuminate, 
tapering below, into a petiole, about equal in length with 
the blade. Cauline leaves gradually smaller upwards, and 
all of them sessile ; the uppermost small, acuminated, and 
bracteiform. Racemes from the axils of the upper leaves, 
elongated, and thus giving a paniculated appearance to 
the upper part of the stem. The peduncles bear two or 
three small floral leaves, or bracteas. Pedicels short, at 
first drooping, afterwards, the corolla having fallen, erect. 
Calyx of five deep, erect, obtuse, lobes. Corolla with a very 
short tube, the limb much broader than the length of the 
tube, deep purple-blue, of five rounded segments, and with 
a dark, short ray in the centre of each. Scales of the 
nectary, scarcely protruded, white. 

Fig. 1. Flower: — magnified. 

( 3859 ) 

tofieldia pubens. downy-stalked 
American Asphodel. 

Class and Order. 
Hexandria Trigynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — MelanthacejE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Involucrum caliciforme, remotiusculum, trifidum, persis- 
tens. Perigonium coloratum, hexaphy Hum, foliolis sessili- 
bus,, subaequalibus., persistentibus. Stamina 6, perigonii 
foliolis basi inserta : antherce versatiles. Ovarium trilocu- 
lare. Ovula in loculorum angulo centrali plurima, ana- 
tropa. Styli 3, brevissimi, loculos terminantes ; stigmata 
capitata. Capsula trilocularis tripartibilis, introrsum dehis- 
cens. Semina in placentis septa marginantibus plurima, 
cymbiformia. Embryo orthotropus, in basi albuminis car- 
nosi inclusus, extremitate radiculari umbilico proxima.— 
Herbae perennes, in Europa imprimis frigidiore obvia?, sed in 
America Boreali copiosiores, etiam in summis Andium Peru- 
vian jugis observatce; radice tuber oso -fibrosa, folns gramineis, 
plerisque radicalibus, floribus ijiconspicuis racemoso-spicatis, 
alternis v. oppositis, terminatisve subverticillatis. Endlich. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

ToFiELDiA*/>tt6ews; caule subnudo asperiusculo pulveru- 
lento-pubente, racemo multifloro e fasciculis subdis- 
tantibus, involucro acuto trifido, capsula vix penanthi- 
um superante. 

Tofieldia pubeiis. Dryand. in Ait. Hort. Kew. ed. 4. p. 

324. Ell. Bot. v. 1. p. 424. Sm. in Linn. Trans, v. 

12. p. 245. Torr. Fl. v. 1. p. 371. Spreng. Syst. Ve- 

* get. 

* So named by Hudson, in honor of Mr. Tofield, an English Botanist, 
who resided in Yorkshire> 

get. v. 2. p. 144. Roem. et Schult. v. I.p. 1570. Gray, 
Revis. Melanth. Am. Sept. p. 137. 

Tofieldia pubescens. Pers. — Pursh, Fl. v. 1. p. 246. 
Nutt. Gen. Am. v. \.p. 236. 

Melanthium racemosum. Walt. Car. p. 126, non Mich. 

Narthecium pubens. Mich. Fl. v. I. p. 209. 

Anthericum calyculatum. Linn. Hort. Cliff.; Gron. Vir- 
gin, (fide Smith.) 

A North American plant, but inhabiting chiefly the 
southern States, as Alabama and Florida, extending as far 
North as the Delaware, and delighting in grassy woods and 
moist Pine barrens. It is, we apprehend, very rare in the 
botanic gardens of Europe. Our present specimens were 
sent from that of Edinburgh, in July, 1840. It was, never- 
theless, introduced into the Royal Gardens at Kew, by 
Mr. William Malcolm, so long ago as the year 1790. Its 
nearest affinity is with T. glutinosa, a much more northern 
plant, of which we have lately given a figure in the " Flora 
Bor. Americana," tab. 191 ; and we had even expressed an 
opinion, that the two were perhaps not really distinct. An 
examination, however, of the living plant of T.pubens, has 
satisfied us of their specific distinction. In our present 
plant, there are no glutinous glands, the raceme is very long, 
with more distant fasicles of flowers ; and the little invo- 
lucre is deeply cut into three sharp segments, instead of 
being nearly entire, as it is in T. glutinosa. 

Descr. Root creeping, thickish, forming a rhizoma. 
Leaves mostly radical, distichous, Jiuear, acute, striated, 
glabrous. Scape a foot to a foot and a half high, terete, 
glabrous below, above pubescenti - scabrous, especially 
among the flowers. Raceme terminal, four to five inches 
long. Pedicels in clusters of about three, equal in length 
with the flower, and subtended by small bracteas ; at their 
summit is a monophyllous, small, scabrous involucre, cut 
into three sharp, ovate segments, and immediately receiving 
the base of the perianth. Three outer sepals shorter, and 
downy on the outside; three inner, or petals, narrower, 
quite smooth. Stamens as long as the perianth. Anthers 
oblong, yellow, germen obovate, three lobed, crowned with 
three spreading styles. 

Fig. 1. Unexpanded Flower. 2. Ditto, fully expanded. 3. Involucre: 
— magnified. r 

( 3860 ) 

Gardoquia betonicoides. Betony-like 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Labiate. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx tubulosus, 13-nervius, subincurvus, ore aequali vel 
obliquo, dentibus brevibus rectis subsequalibus vel subbila- 
biatis. Corolla tubus longe exsertus, rectus vel incurvus, 
mtus nudus ; limbus bilabiatus, labium superius erectum 
subplanum emarginatum, inferius subpatens, lobis plauis 
medio latiore. Stamina 4, subdidynama, inferioribus longio- 
jibus, laxe adscendentia, apice subdistantia, superiora sub- 
side sterilia. Filamenta edentata. Antherce biloculares, 
loculis distinctis parallelis vel subdivergentibus. Styli lobi 
subaequales. Achcenia sicca, laevia. — Suffrutices fruticesve 
ramosissimi foliosi, scepe procumbentes. Flores pulchri, 
stepius coccinei. Genus a Micromeria non nisi longitudine 
corollarum, limbique lobis suberectis, distinctum. Benth. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Gardoquia betonicoides; radice repente, caule erecto, co- 
rollis calyce subglabro triplo longioribus, foliis ovato- 
cordatis grosse crenatis utrinque subglabris subtus 
purpurascentibus, cymis pedunculatis erectis, floribns 
congestis. Graham. 

Gardoquia betonicoides. Lindl. Bot. Reg. in Misc. n. 159. 

The plant was received at the gardens of the Caledonian 
Horticultural Society, from Mr. Low, of Clapton, in 
October, 1839, and flowered freely during the summer and 
autumn following, both in the greenhouse and open border, 
requiring no particular treatment. 


t)ESCR. Hoot creeping. Stem (in the specimen described 
nearly three feet high). Leaves (an inch and a half to two 
and a half inches long, one and a quarter to one and three 
quarters broad) ovate-cordate, blunt, deeply crenate, glan- 
dular and subglabrous on both sides, at first green on both 
sides, soon becoming purplish below ; middle rib and dis- 
tantly reticulated veins prominent below, channelled above; 
petiole nearly as long as the leaf, channelled above. Bracts 
resembling much diminished, subsessile, subentire leaves ; 
bracteotes linear, subulate. Cymes erect, distant at the lower 
part of the terminal pseudo - spikes, approaching higher 
up, with many crowded, erect flowers. Calyces densely 
adpressed, subglabrous, subequal. Corolla (an inch long) 
agreeably perfumed, somewhat spreading, thrice as long as 
the calyx • tube clavate, compressed laterally, grooved and 
veined, shortly glanduloso- pubescent, limb oblique, five- 
cleft, the lowest lobe the largest, crenate, and revolute, the 
others subequal, the two uppermost the flattest. Stamens 
didynamous ; filaments adhering to the tube of the corolla 
to unequal heights, the two inner the farthest exserted, the 
others nearly as long as the upper lobes of the corolla ; 
anthers dark, lobes parallel, pollen white. Pistil rather 
longer than the shorter stamens ; style glabrous, and co- 
lourless, except at the apex, where it has a faint tinge, the 
same as the corolla, its lobes subulate, spreading, subequal. 
Disk small, round, fleshy, supporting the abortive achasnia. 

Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Corolla, laid open. 3. Ovary -.—magnified, 



( 3861 ) 
Crocus speciosus. Showy Crocus. 

jfc A'. Af. A'. A*. A', A/i A'j A / , A/. A*. ■SI't A*- A?- ■St'- .St'- ^ ."fr - A/- ifr. 
■Tp "7j? "VJS v^ m 'yjv' */f? *^s* "vfr '%? */js "y|s ■-!> vt\ /K */Xn vj> <t* vk '/l? Vf» 

Class and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Iridace^:. ) 

Generic Character. 

Scapus latens 1- raro 2-florus ; tubus cylindricus fauce 
ampliata, limbus regularise filamenta ori vel infra faucem 
tubi inserta, antherce erectae, stylus gracilis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Crocus speciosus ; autumnalis, tuuicis membranaceis term- 
ibus, lineis raris parallelis superne confluentibus, yagi- 
nacearum basi persistente lacere disrupta, foliacea ex- 
teriore infra medium cormum affixa, scapo nudo, spa- 
tha occulta tubata bractea jequali non tubata tubum 
amplexa, tubi parte exserta nuda elongata fauce supra- 
staminea pilis albis minutis hispida, sepalis caeruleo- 
purpureis lineis tribus et basi saturationbus, petalis 
pallidioribus conspicue venosis, filamentis circ. £-unc. 
infra faucem insertis circ. i^-unc. libens, stigmatibus 
multifidis, foliorum canaliculis non fortiter nervatis 
costa dorsali deflexe et dense ciliata inultum lat.onbus, 
seminibus subangulatis obscure subpurpureo-rufo- 

brunneis. . ., ,->. , 

Var. 1. Caucasicus, fig. 1. C. speciosus, M.von Bieb. non 
Wilson, neque Reichenbach ; cormo mmore, gemma- 
florifera (in indigenis) unicR uniflora (neque adhuc in 
cultis bifloram vidi), vagina extrafoliacea intern* prox- 
ima apice integra, bractea tubum sinistrorsuin » m . b «- 
cante prorsus involvente, germme albo, tubo tenu.ore 
summa parte vix purpura punctate fauce alba, limbo 
minore pallidiore facialis acutionbus, filamentis albis, 
stigmatibus patulo-multifidis dilute aurant.acis lacuuo- 
lis capillaribus apice crassiusculis antla-ras superanti- 


bus. Variat flore maxhno niveo stigmatibus saturate 
aurantiacis pluries et profundius fissis. Variat fig. 1 
etiam flore caeruleo-purpureo stigmatibus tenuioribus 
paucifidis, E Caucaso. — fig. If, conn, nudat. Variat 
fig. 1* stylo parvulo ex prov. Karabagh prope mare 
Casp. Herb. Hooker. 

Var. 2. Transylvanicus, fig. 2 ; (C. speciosus, Bot. Reg. 
25. 40. icone pro carulescente perperam rubescente) 
cormo e majoribus (in cultis plurigemmato gemmis 
saepius bifloris) vagina internae proxima apice erosa, 
bractea tubum marginibus non approximatis dimidio 
plus amplexa, germine flavescente, perianthio majore 
saturate basin versus purpura-punctato, fauce flaves- 
cente, limbo obtusiore saturatiore, filamentis pallide 
flavescentibus subulatis, stigmatibus fasciculato-multi- 
fidis laciniolis superne sensim crassioribus. — Habitat in 
Transylvania, unde Angliam advectus colitur. Specim. 
ex Transylv. in Herb. Lindl. est. 

Var. 3. Laxior ; cormo modico gemma 1 — 2-flora, bractea 
tubum involvente, tubo confertius et saturatius pur- 
pura-punctato limbo maximo, stigmatibus laxiiis efFu- 
sis. Prostat venalis apud hortulanos Young et Pamp- 
lin. — Habitat ? Tauriam vel Caucasum ? W. H. 

The Genus Crocus extends between the Caspian and the 
Atlantic, as far North as 49° in S. Podolia, but I am inform- 
ed that it does not cross the upper portion of the Danube in 
48°. I have not been able to learn what changes of soil or 
elevation arrest its progress northwards from Odessa and S. 
Podolia, and confine it to a much lower latitude in France; 
probably the want of drainage and of a dry subsoil ; for it 
usually affects high situations. Southward it reaches 35°, 
or thereabouts, in the line of Tangiers, Malta, Crete, Cyprus, 
and Syria near Aleppo. I find no trace of it further South, 
and I cannot conjecture Mr. Ker's reason for naming C. 
reticulatus of the Danube and Caucasus, C. Susianus, Susa 
being near lat. 32, almost three degrees below the situa- 
tions in which Crocus has been yet found. The Russiaus 
have not met with it East of the Caspian or Volga. Des- 
fontaines described erroneously a Crocus vermis, yellow, 
purple, and white, in its varieties, as found on the ridge of 
Atlas, which will be within 35°; but his descriptions were 
taken from Parisian garden specimens, and I learn, that 
the only specimen in his Herbarium, which has the appear- 

ance of having been gathered wild, though much damaged, 
seems more like C. versicolor; but no Crocus has been dis- 
covered in the French expeditions from Algiers. The 
beautiful autumnal Crocus here represented belongs to the 
division with a naked scape, wanting the involucre ; and 
none such have been found West of Italy. Reichenbach's 
C. speciosus is C. Byzantinus Parkinson and Ker, Banna- 
ticus of Gay. Wilson's (Eng. Bot.) is C. Pyrenceus, Par- 
kinson, (nudiflorus of Smith, and multijidus of Ramon,^ a 
very different plant, with an involucrate spathe and stoloni- 
ferous bulbs. The first variety,, kindly sent to me by Mons. 
Gay, is from Caucasus and the hills near Tifflis ; the white 
subvariety is a dry specimen from Caucasus. The second, 
more conspicuous, from Transylvania, may be obtained 
from Mr. Osborne's Nursery at Fulham. The third is cul- 
tivated at Mr. Young's Nursery, at Milford, nearGodalmin, 
and at Mr. Pamplin's, Lavender Hill, near Battersea. It is 
probably from Tauria, or Caucasus, unless it be the C. spe- 
ciosus said to be found on Mount Athos. The seeds of C. spe- 
ciosus are of a deep purplish rust colour, larger than those 
of C. longiflorus, which approach them in colour. W. H. 


iRiDACEiE. Exspadicea?, corolliformes, agynandrae, hexapetaloideae, 
epigynee, triandne. Iride^E. Stamina sepahna. 

CROCUS Cormus animus tunicarum vaginacearum et foliacea- 
rum basibus circumnotatus,/^ sublinearia dorso bicanabculato costa- 
to, scapi 1-5 involucrati vel involucro obsolete nudi, tngom uni- 
raro bi-flori vaginis inclusi, spatha tubata vel tubum amplexa m t,,s 
bracteata vel bractea obsolete ebracteata, germen f ubc ^ nd "^ u ^ 
ovale, tubus cylindricus fauce ampliate, hmbus ^ to ^f"^ a ° n 
ipsi vel infra faucem tubi inserta, anther* connecUvo subdorsah s per- 
ne minore erects sagittate loculis a vertice f ^ ate ^^XT4nsim 
gracilis superne trilobus (lusu '^^^-f^^ST^^^ 
dilatatis, truncatis, vel fimbriato-plicato, vel pauci- *™-^>?T™ 
chartacea oblonga trigona apiculata trivalvis Wodj^ "*""£*£ 
cens, semina raphe mg<^ subsph*rica teste du » ^J^S 
pallescente vel rufescente vel purpurascente. Obs. Tun^Bu^fU^ 

opuuIut*/oliorLsubA% bases sunt inflato-tubat*;/oh^ 

et sa>piusvaginacea interior, e*^«^ t d ^*jJ?Z^Z* 
«• (i. e.Jibras radicaks emittensj unica est inter tunicas taginaceas 

sita ; gemmae cormifera ex zonis omnibus oriri queunt, vel anno prcece- 
dente inter bases foliorum recentiorum sub lente videnda ; gemmm nas- 
ceniis vaginae extrafoliacea cormo futuro fundum versus, folia gradatim 
altius, diversis in diversis speciebus spatiis, basi inflato-tubata inserun- 
tur. Fibra radicalis crassa enormis e /undo eormi nascentis interdum, 
vti in gladiolo, enata incrementum inusitatum portendit. Crocorum 
cormis annuis auctorum serius ocius generationis obsolescit facultas. 
Habitant intra mare Caspium et Atlanticum gradusque, quoad novimus, 
latitudinis terrestris 35 et 49. W. H. 

§. 1. Nudi; i. e., scapi involucro obsoleto. (Vidi interdum in nudis 
involucri obsoleti rudimentum.) 

§§. 1. Membranacei; cormi tunica prsecipua membranacea. 

1. Annulatus ; Herbert (vel, si mavis. §. Annulati. 1. Biflorus. 
2. PusiUus. 3. Adamicus. 4. Chrysanthus.). Flore verno ; tuni- 
carum vaginacearum basi annulata tantum persistente, foliacea ex- 
teriore dura infra medium cormum affixa, spatha bractea tubata. 
Observ. Foliorum marginibus reflexis costa dorsabi canaliculis 
angustiore, spatha^ bractea cybindracee involuta (non cylindrica), 
perianthii fauce lutea, filamentis sub lente subpubescentibus, stig- 
matibus indivisis subtruncatis odoratis, seminibus pallescentibus 
sphaericis raphe et chalaza conspicuis. 

A; foliorum et costse dorsalis margine cibiato, canalicuHs dorsalibus 
binervibus, filamentis et fauce pubescentibus. 

Var. 1. Adamicus; C. Adami, Gay, Bull Fer. 25. p. 219. 1831. 
Vaginis palbdis, bimbo pallide cseruleo-violaceo, sepalis extus satu- 
rate 5 — 7-plumeo-striatis, pube tenui hinc inde ad basim petalo- 
rum, filamentis sub lente minutissime pubescentibus ^-unc. infra 
limbum tubo insertis, stigmatibus integris pkcatis truncatis subtil- 
iter fimbriatis pallide aurantiacis antheras (filamentis duplo longio- 
res) superantibus. Habitat, teste Gay, in Tauria et Iberia. 

Var. 2. Biflorus ; Miller. Vaginis lutescentibus, limbo subalbido 
sepalis extus stramineis 5-striatis, foliorum margine crasso recurvo, 
scapo interdum (vidi ipse) bifloro. 

Sub var 1. Princeps. Supra 845 / passim in hortis. Sp. 5-striatum 
orientale, Pallas Herb. Lambert. Sp. 5-striatum ex summis Cypn 
et Creteejugis, Sibthorp. Oxon. perperam C. vernus, [i, Smith, Prodr. 
Flor. Grcec. 

Subvar. 2. Stigmatosus ; Sabine. Limbo subpurpurascente mox al- 
bescente, stylo elongato. 

B ; foliis leevibus, canaficulis dorsalibus enervibus, filamentis vix sub 
lente pubescentibus. 

Var. 3. PusiUus ; Tenore. Vaginis albescentibus, foliorum canalicu- 
lis vix nervatis, cibis et pube fere obsoletis, styli lobis antheras 

Subvar. 1. Tenorianus ; rninimus limbo albo sepalis extus stramineis 
3-striatis petala superantibus. S. Rocco prope Neapolim. 

Subvar. 2. argenteus ; C. minimus perperam supra 2994,flg.pessime 
coloratd. C. argenteus, Sabine Hort. Soc. T. 7. 431, major limbo 

Vide infra ad calcem 3862. 

( 3862 ) 

Herbertia pulchella, et CjErulea. Pretty, 
and Blue, Herbertia. 


Class and Order. 

Hexandria Monogvnia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Iridaceje. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium rectum basi anuulatum sepalorum laminis 
niagnis patentibus, petalis parvulis cymbiformibus, fila- 
nienta monadelpha, antherae in cylindro sessiles subulata? 
styli lobis inter stigmatum lobos agglutinata?, stylus rectus 
gracilis lobis divaricantibus, stigmata lobis binis divarican- 
tibus, capsula oblonga operculo brevi dehiscens, semina 
parva angulata badia; folia plicata, bulbus ovatus. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Herbertia pulchella ; (fig. 1,2. a. b. c.)foliis 5-uncialibus 
vel ultra, scapo floribus pedunculatis successivis brac- 
teato, perianthii sepalis undulatis lilacinis ungue pal- 
lide lutescente vel albicante lilacino-punetato, petalis 
lilacinis medio saturation bus, antheris subulatis stig- 
mata superantibus. 1. var. ungue albicante. 2. var. 
. ungue lutescente. a. petalum. b. sepalurn. c. germen 
cum genitalibus. 

Herbertia pulchella. Sweet Br. Fl. Gard. 222. 

Herbertia ccerulea, (fig. 3. d, e.f.) pedunculi bracteis brevi- 
oribus, sepalorum unguibus albis ceeruleo-punctatis 
laminis caeruleis macula ad basin saturata triangularis 
petalis acutis caeruleis medio saturatioribus, antheris et 
stigmatibus brevibus, a. styli lobus cum stigmate bilo- 
bo. e. idem cum anthera. f. anthera. 

Trifurcia caerulea. Herbert, supra 3779, p. 3. 

Herbertia pulchella ? Lod. Bot. Cab.—W. H. 

Fig. I and 2 represent two varieties of Herbertia pul- 
chella, a. the petal, b. the sepal, c. the germen, style, and 


stamina. The figure in the " British Flower Garden" of 
Sweet, by whom it was named, is so indifferent, and the 
description of the stigmas so inaccurate, that H. ccerulea 
was supposed to be generically distinct, and Herbertia to 
have laminaformed stigmas, till an opportunity presented 
itself at Spofforth of examining H. pulchella. Pulchella 
was found in the neighbourhood of Buenos Ayres ; carutea 
was sent by Drummond from Texas. The plant figured in 
the " Botanical Cabinet" as Herbertia pulchella is evi- 
dently not that plant. The Genus Trifurcia merges in 
Herbertia. W. H. 

subpurpurascente (variat pallidiore) sepali sextus stram. 3-stn. 
petala superantibus. — Pisa ; variat aliquantulum in solo Romano. 
Specim. ex Caucaso, Prescott, Herb. Hooker. 
Subvar. 3. Cmrulescens ; perianthio aliquantulum majore petalis sub- 

cserulescentibus. Ossolone in ditione Neapolitans. 
Subvar. 4. Lineatus ; Jan. (C. biflorus, Parkinsoni, perperam, Sa- 
bine). Major limbo albo sepalis 3-striatis. Pope Parmam ; ipse 
non vidi. 
Subvar. 5. Estriatus ; Herbert. Biflorus, Bot. Reg. 1987. Lim- 
bo purpureo petalis sepala extus straminea non striata superanti- 
bus, bractea tenuiore lorata. Prope Florentiam. — Specim. prope 
Tifiim, led. Herb. Hooker. Spec, orientale, Pallas. Herb. Lam- 
Subvar. 6. Albidus ; Herbert. Foliis angustis, limbo albo (ni fallor 
in siccis) non striato, sepalis petala obtusiora, styli lobis antheras, 
superantibus. Specim. Pallas Herb. Lambert. — Sp. ex lavria 
Herb. Hooker, — Sp. ex Sylvis Bononiensibus 1 ib. 
C. periantbio aureo ; cormi tunicis foliaceis duris circumscissis superne 

Var. 4. Chrysanthus ; Herbert; ,ex sicco (nisi sp. per se C. chry- 
santhus) minimus, foliis angustis, spatlia et bractea tubum aureum 
amplexis a?quantibus, limbo circ. |-unc. aureo, petalis obtusioribus 
sepala, styli lobis antheras, superantibus. Prope Byzantium sub 
nomine C. aurei legit Fridvalsky, Herb. Hooker, foliorum margine, 
canaliculis, et basi, ignotis. 

2. Speciosus. Flore autumnali. Vide supra 3861. 

3. Pulchellus ; Herbert ; ex sicco (nisi sit C. speciosus, pulchellus, 

var). Flore autumnali, cormo minimo unigeminato unifloro, tu- 
nicis membranaceis basi fere circumscissis, spatlia inclusa, bractea 
(ni fallor) tubata. spatham vix eequante, tubo gracili parte exserta 
elongata nuda 2 one. circ. vaginas superante, limbo unciali (in 
sicco purpureo concolore) fauce saturate lutea, stigmatibus in.'cqua- 
hbus superne fureatis apice exasperate fisso, foliis hvsterantliiis 
igtiotk. Spec, parru/um autumn, prope Byzantium a Mont-Bret 
tettum Herb. Hooker. Ft cum non vidi. 

[. Sibthorpicnus. 

Vide infra ad calcem 3863. 




( 3863 ) 
Bomarea Simplex. Simple Bomarea. 

Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Amaryllidace,e. Subord. Hypoxide^e. 
§. Alstroemiformes. ) 

Generic Character. 

Caulis umbellatus tortus, sepala petalis di versa, Jilamenta 
petalina prasstantiora, capsula obtuse trigona superne de- 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Bomarea simplex ; foliis acute subcordatis subtus tomento- 
sis, pedunculis sub-5 infra medium minute bracteis 
sspiussimplicibus munit'is, obvolucri foliolis plerumque 
parvulis, germinis operculo canescente pubescente, pe- 
rianthio subaequali unciali, sepalis rubris, petalis viridi- 
luteis rubro-punctatis. 

Var. 1. Herb. Amaryll. 15./. 5. p. 119. 

Var. 2. Furcatd, pedunculis bifloris. 

Var. 3. Acuminata, petalis acuminatius productis. W. H. 

Seeds of three varieties of this plant were brought by 
Mr. Pentland from different situations near Cusco, which 
have all flowered in the open ground at Spofforth, in front 
of the greenhouses. Two of them are here represented. 
The third had simple peduncles, with the petals longer and 
more pointed. It was observed, Herb. Am. p. 1 19, that the 
bracts on the peduncles seemed to indicate a disposition to 
form a secondary one, and accordingly one of these vari- 
eties departs from the simple type. The species is very 
hardy, and appears to extend widely on the Andes, with 
much variability. The white down on the opercle of the 
germen is remarkable. I find my Sphjsrine brevis amongst 
Mr. Matthews's drawings, which enables me to add to its 


description, Perianthium rubro-coccineum cornu viridi. 
Another of his drawings represents Bom area dispar, which 
enables me to add to its description, Sepala rubro-purpurea, 
petala viridia margine punctata, antherae lilacinae, cauhs 
subpnrpurascens. W. H. 

4. Sibthorpianus. Flore verno! (nisi sit revera var. C. Tournefortii 
autumnalis, Gay). Cormi tunicis tenuiter membranaceis nitidis 
demum inferne lacere circumscissis, scapis 1 — 2 vagina mtenore 
unciam circiter brevioribus, spatha lati-bracteata tubum subsequan- 
te, limbo (albo et purpureol) fauce lsevi (lutescentel) stylo tnfido 
tenui antheras vix aut non eequante. " C. vernus, y, orientals 
fiore subcceruleo sen violaceo externe spadiceo rubente. Tourn. 

Cor. 25." Smith, Prod, perperam C. vernus. Specimina ex sum- 
mis Creta et Cypri jugis, Sibthorp. Oxon. Cormum integrum non 

Var. 1. latifolius ; foliis medio latioribus. , ? 

Var. 2. angustifolius ; foliis angustioribus linearibus ; limbo mmore . 

5. Tournefortianus ; Gay, Bull Ferus. 25. 220. " Flore autumnali 
tunicis tenuissimis basi demum in fibras capillares liberas solutis 
foliaceis continuis laevissimis e superiore hemisphaerio ortis, brac- 
tea dimidiata (i. e. lorata) stigmatibus profunde multifidis Isevibus ; 
flores cserulescentes violacei striati ; autumnalis. Habitat in Cycia- 
dibus insulis." Gay ex sicco citat. Certe Sibthorpiano ajfinis. 

§§. 2. Squammati ; tunica squammata. 

6. Lavigatus ; Bory, V. du Mor. cum icone. Spec. Sibth. Oxon. 
Perperam C. vernus, Smith. Flore verno; cormi tunicis duris 1«- 
vibus enervibus infra squameeformiter laceris, scapis 4, genuine tere 
exserto, spatha bracteaque erosis tubum circiter uncialem superne 
luteum subeequantibus, fauce perianthii lsevi saturate aurantiaca, 
stylo tenui filamenta subeequante petalis subalbidis sepalis purpura 
truineatis, foliis angustis linea alba. In Erymantho nive fusa 
statim exortus. Sp. Sibthorp. ex Creta aut Cypro certe est Laevi- 
gati var. 

§§. 3. Parallelo-fibrosi ; tunicarum fibris parallelis. 

7. Bory anus ; flore autumnali, germine vaginas subaequante, foliis an- 

gustis, spatha bracteaque sequalibus acutis, perianthii tubo et tauce 
luteis, limbo lacteo, stigmatibus exasperatis antheras superantibus. 
Var. 1. Cephahnensis ; C. Boryi, Gay, Bull Ferus. 25. 220. Bory, 
V. du Mor. cum icone. Tunicis foliaceis laevissimis petiolis («. e - 
basi) hberis exteriore infra med. affixa. in fibras complanatas de- 
mum solutis, bractea lorata, stigmatibus profunde multifidis exas- 
peratis; flores lactei autumnales. In Pehponeso et Cephalonia, 
Gay; prope Modon et Navarino, Bory ; in monte Nero Cephalo- 
ni<e, unio iter. Octobr. 
Var. 2. Caspius. C. Caspius ; Fischer MSS. Lenxovan. Herb. 
Hook. ; tubo longiore vix diversus. 

8. Lagewpflorus. 

Vide infra ad calcem 38fct. 


( 3864 ) 

Crocus Suaveolens. Sweet-scented 

Class and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ofd. — IRIDACE.E. ) 

Generic Character.— Vide supra N'""- 3861. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Crocus suaveolens ; vermis cormi tunica vaginaceii interi- 
ore prope basim affixa fibris parallelis superne reticu- 
late confluentibus, foliacea exteriore supra medium 
cormurn affixa pallidiore inciso-notata, involucro bi- 
floro spatha breviore tubato apiculato, spatha tubata 
acuta ebracteata hyalina, tubo albicante ad faucem au- 
rantio-maculata, limbo purpureo fauce saturate auranti- 
aco-inaculata sepalis extus stramiueis 3-striatis, petal is 
ad basim 5-striatis, stigmatibus truueatis odoratis anthe- 
ras prorsus superantibus, antheras tilamenta duplo 
superantibus, foliis laevibus canaliculars enervibus 
costa dorsali latioribus, capsuld (au semper ?) estriata. 
—Habitat in Campagna di Roma et Valle d'lnjemo 
Romam prope, Itri Neapolitano,et in collibus calcareis 
Fundos juxta. 

Crocus suaveolens. Bertoloni. fr. H. 

This very pretty and sweet-scented Italian Crocus is suf- 
ficiently hardy to bear our climate. Some bulbs ot it were 
brought to England by the Hon. William Strangways, 
and others have been sent to Spofforth from Naples by 
Professor Tenore. It varies a little in the streaks cm the 
sepals and size and shape of the segments It is distin- 
guished from C Imperatonius, by the deeded reticulation 
of the upper part of the inner vaginaceous coat, by the 
1 * * unvarying 

unvarying absence of the conspicuous bracte within the 
spathe, which seems constant in the latter, and the absence 
of purple stripes on the immature capsule, and the stigmas 
are small and truncate, exceeding their anthers by their 
whole length, whereas those of imperatonius are usually 
more ragged, and scarcely exceeding them. The inner 
vaginaceous coat is reticulated upwards, parallel-fibred be- 
low and attached near the base, the outer foliaceous coat 
attached on the brow above the middle of the corm, as it is 
in C. Imperatonius. W. H. 

Fig. 1. The neck of the Bulb, the two-flowered Involucre, and one of the 
Spathes cut open, showing the Germen and Tube. 2. Outside of a Sepal. 
3. Inside of a Petal. 4. Style and Stamens. 

8. Lagenceflorus. Nobis 3869. Flore verno. 

9. Campestris; Pallas MSS. Herb. Lambert,—" Serotinus?" perperam 
Ker in Synon. Bot. Mag. 1267. C. hybernus, Fridwalskt, MSb. 
in herbariis ; in Roumelid lectus. Flore autumnali, sero ; corrno 
modico unigemmato 1- rarius 2-floro, tunica vaginacea intenore 
conferte subparallelo-fibrosa prope basim affixa ; foliaceis fibns ten- 
uiter reticulatis superne setosis exteriore infra med. proxima pa^ - ; 
16 supra affixa, scapo brevi (|-unc), spatha bracteata, bractea (ni 
fallor) tubata (certe tubum amplexa), tubo vaginas extrafoliaceas 
unc. plus minus superante, limbo pallide (in sicco) griseo-violaceo, 
interdum albo, sepalis petala longitudine et latitudine superantibus, 
stigmatibus simplicibus sensim majoribus truncatis antlieras pauiio 
superantibus, foliis 6 — 10 angustis hysteranthiis vere excrescenti- 
bus rarius apice sjnanthio. Hab. lauriam et Roumeliam. Vivum 
non vidi. 

§§. 4. Reticulati ; tunica praecipua, reticulata. 

10. Cancellatus ; Herbert. Flore autumnali vel eestivo ; cormo uni- 
gemmato 1 — 2-floro tunicis late reticulatis demum cribrosis, folia- 
ceis superne setosis, scapo (ni fallor in sicco) nudo, spatha (ni 
fallor) bracteata bractea tubata, tubo superne nudo fiavescente, 
limbo purpureo ad basim extus saturatius stricta, stigmatibus inse- 
qualibus subsimplicibus antheras subsequantibus saturate auran- 

Var. 1. Kotschianus ; minor limbo circ. l|-unc. In Syria legit (es- 
tate Th. Kotschy, Herb. Bentham ; in laurid, Herb. Hooker. 

Var. 2. Naupliensis ; major limbo circ. l|-unc. Spec. Octobri prope 
Naupliam lect. perperam C. nudiflorus, Herb. Bentham. I 
non cidi. 

11. Reticulatus ; 
Vide infra ad calcem 3865. 


( 3865 ) 



Class and Order. 
Tyiandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Amaryllidace*:. Snbord. AmaryllidEjE. 
§. Pancratiformes. ) 

Generic Character. 

Tubus ampliato-cylindricus plus minus curvatus, limbus 
brevis regularis semipatens, corona subcylindrica dentibus 
interstamineis, filamenta vix conniventi, antherce rectae, 
stylus gracilis, stigma obtusum. 

Specific Character. 

Coburgia coccinea; bulbo bulbulifero depresse rotundo, 
scapo circ. 4-floro glauco subterete foliorum saturate 
viridium nitentium obtusorum semunciarn latorum 
praecursore, spatha vix unciali viridi marcescente, pe- 
dunculis inaequalibus subsesquiuncialibus, perianthio 
laHe coccineo, tubo Inline, basi tenui curve praecipi- 
tato pendulo supenie ultra f-unc. lato, corona £-unc. 
dentibus bilobis acutis, limbo circ. f-unc. subovalibus, 
filamentis brevibus, antheris luteis limbum aequantibus 
stylo i-unc. brevioribus, stigmate dilatato simplici palh- 
do.— Habitat Andes Peruvice prope CaxamarquiUam. 
Hums generis est fortasse Carpodetes recurvata (P. 
recurvatum, Ruiz) tubi parte sub limbi specie perperam 
depict a. W. H. 

This beautiful plant was discovered by John Maclean 
Esq., of Lima, in one of his excursions over the Cordillera, 
and two bulbs dug up by him were kindly sent to Spottortn. 
They were potted in rich alluvial soil, with a little rotten 
manure, and throve well, standing out all the summer and 
autumn of 1839, the season being unusually wet and cold, 
but appeared to dislike sunshine and fine weather. At the 
1 l approach 

approach of winter the leaves perished, when the pots were 
set dry in the greenhouse. Early in the spring- both the 
bulbs flowered, the spathe having appeared while the bulbs 
were dry. One of them flowered again at the end of Oc- 
tober, very shortly after the pot had been set dry. The 
plant has considerable affinity in the form of its flower, and 
the abrupt curvature of the tube, to Carpodetes recurvata, 
but the enlarged part of the flower of that plant is supposed 
to be a portion of the limb. It is, however, very probable 
that it will be found to conform with this plant, in which 
case it will form a section with this plant, if not a separate 
Genus. There is a race of plants, of which Mr. Maclean 
sent bulbs and dry specimens to SpofForth in 1840, which 
appear to form a link between Coburgia and Clinanthus. 
By Mr. Matthews's drawings it appears that the tube of 
C. variegata is little curved or attenuated, and more erect 
than usual in this Genus, while that of C. incarnata is very 
slender in the lower part, and exceedingly curved down- 
wards, approaching nearer to the form of coccinea than 
fulva, variegata, and trichroma, and the germen of varie 
gata is somewhat triangular. Mr. Maclean has sent spe- 
cimens of another remarkable Coburgia. Coburgia acuta, 
Herbert ; foliis sensim attenuatis, umbeila decern flora spa- 
tha 2^-unciali valvis f-latis, pedunculis brevibus, perian- 
thiotriunciali fulvo, filamentis semunciam stylo brevioribus 
corona longioribus, stylo limbum vix uncialem superante, 
limbi foliolis angustis acutis, coronae dentibus, ni fallor in 
sicco, indivisis. Mr. Maclean has sent to Spofforth tvvo 
bulbs, which have flowered, of a species of Eustephia, with 
long leaves, erect, with the upper part hanging down to the 
ground, Eustephia Macleanica, Herbert. The singular 
construction of the filaments and the asserted pits under 
them had thrown discredit on the Genus. There are no pits 
in this, but the filaments are winged, and the wings termi- 
nate in long setiform teeth. W. H. 

11. Reticulatus ; M. v. Bieb. Perperam Susianus, supra 652. Flore 
verno ; cormi tunica vaginacea interiore depereunte, foliaceis reticu- 
latis exteriore cribrosa prope basim ainxa, basi inferne apiculate 
circumscissa, proxima supra medium, ceteris gradatim altius, foliis 
costa. dorsali ciliata canaliculis angustis latiore marginibus eras- 
sis renexis, scapo elongato, spatham bractea tubata sub sequan- 
te, limbi fauce kevi, filamentis dorso non canaliculatis lsevibus ori 
ipsi insertis stigmatibus conduplicatis incequalibus integris. 

Var. 1- 
Vide infra ad calcem 3866. 





' 3 

( 3866 ) 

Callithauma viridiflorum, et angustifolium. 

Green-flowered, and Narrow-leaved, 



Class and Order. 

( Hexandria Monogynia. ) 

( Nat. Ord. — Amaryllidace*;. Subord. Amaryllide^e. 
§. Pancratiformes. ) 

Generic Character. 

Tubus gracilis ampliato-cylindricus subhorizontalis. Co- 
rona subinfundibuliformis, limbus minime patens, filamenta 
brevia conniventia coronaB lateribus inserta. Stigma obtu- 
sum. Plantte bulbo subcylindrico, foliis linearibus. Hab. 
Andes. Genus Coburgice affine. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Callithauma viridiflorum; (fi°\ a,) bulbo sexunciali cylin- 
drico foliis circ. |-latis viridibus subplanis scapo viridi 
ancipite, spatha marcescente decidua, pedunculis bre- 
vibus vix aequalibus, germine oblongo trigono circ. f- 
unc. tubo If — |-unc. superne £-unc. lato pallide viridi, 
limbo viridi subunciali, corona aequali pallidiore rnar- 
gine 12-lobo, filamentis regioni coronae superion in- 
sertis conniventibus inclusis, antheris luteis versatili- 
bus, stylo corona breviore stigmate obtuso. 

Callithauma viridiflorum. Herb. Amaryll. Pancratium 
viridiflorum. Ruiz, Flora Peruv. 

Callithauma angustifolium; (fig. b.) foliis dimidio angustio- 
ribus, limbo coronam |-unc. excedente, stylo penan- 
thium excedente stigmate trilobe dilatato. 

Habitant in Palcas Peruviana versuris, et secundum Ruiz 
et Pav. in Huassahuassi nemoribus. W. H. 

This bulb, which is stated in the " Flora Peruviana" to 

have larffe and beautiful emerald-green flowers on a stalk 

° as 

as tall as a man, has excited much curiosity, no specimen 
of it having been brought to Europe. Mr. Maclean in 
one of his interesting excursions undertook to seek for it on 
the headlands of the ploughed land in Palca, where he dis- 
covered it, having a stem scarcely three feet high and a 
triangular capsule, the bulb answering the description of 
Ruiz, but the natives denied its ever growing taller. The 
bulb sent to Spofforth showed blossom immediately, but 
having very little fibre, the scape did not grow above a 
foot high. It is very possible, that in the moist woods of 
Peru, it may reach a greater size than on the stony head- 
lands. The second species has a smaller bulb of the same 
form, much narrower leaves, a shorter tube, limb exceeding 
the cup, and style exceeding the limb, with a three-corner- 
ed dilated stigma, which is almost lobed. It was found in 
the same neighbourhood, I believe nearer to Vitoc, which 
is on the bounds of Peruvian civilization. Callithauma is 
closely akin to Coburgia, of which it may perhaps ultimately 
be found to form a section. Its filaments are inserted into 
the side of the cup and dip into it. W. H. 

Var. 1. Reflexus ; perperam Susianus Ker, Bot. Mag. 652. ; C. ful- 
vus; Pallas MSS. Herb. Lamb. Limbo aureo sepalis revolutis 
extus fusco-purpureo-striatis vel suffusis. Odessa, Caucasus. 

Var. 2. Rectilimbus ; similis praecedenti sepalis non revolutis ; sea 
sepalis depressis, pe talis erectioribus. In hortis. 

Var. 3. Immaculatus ; flore aureo estriato ; C. fulvus, Pallas op. Herb. 
Lamb. — Spec. Herb. Hooker ex Byzantio ; Lady Liston. 

Var. 4. Variegatus ; Hornsch et Hoppe ; foliis patentibus, scapo elon- 
gate, genuine subalbido, limbo pallide purpurascente, sepalis ex- 
tus striatis, tubo saturate 6-lineato. Istria, Sylva Lipiza dicta, 
Podolia Australis, Odessa, Caucasus ; Corcyra in collibus Colony- 
chii teste pr. lipaldo. 

12. Gargaricus ; Herbert. Specim. Crips et Yalden ex monte Gar- 
garo. Herb. Banks et Bentham. — Dr. Clark, Herb. La?nbert. 
Flore verno, tunica vaginacea. interiore fibris superne cribrose reti- 
cularis inferne parallelis basi non circumscissa, spatha. (nescio an 
bracteata) tubo aureo breviore, limbo |-unc. subcitrino rarius sub- 
aureo vel aureo petalis obtusis sepalis acutis longioribus, filamentis 
l-uncialibus stylum antheris ^-uncialibus stigmata indivisa tenuia 
subeequantibus, foliis 4 synanthiis. 

13. Sieberianus ; C. Sieberi, Gay, Bull. Fer. 25, 220, 1831. C 
nivalis ; Bory, V. du Mor. Flore verno, cormi tunicis tenuissime 
sub-reticulato-fibrosis molliusculis (secundum Gay foliaceis demum 
cribrosis exteriore prope basim affixa) scapo ad apicem fere vaginse 

Vide infra ad calcem 3867. 


( 3867 ) 
Coburgia Trichroma. Three-coloured 



Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Amaryllidace^e. Subord. Amaryllide^. 
§. Pancratiformes. ) 

Generic Character. — Vide supra N um - 3865. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Coburgia trichroma ; bulbo ovato brunneo, foliis glaucis 
obtusis semunciam latis crassis suberectis, scapo glauco, 
spathd viridi pedunculos breves superante, germine 
viridi, tubo coccineo circ. lj-unc. infra £-superne tV 
unc. lato curvatulo, limbo i-unc. laciniis margine pal- 
lido extus coccineis stria superne media viridi intus 
pallidiore, corona brevi dentibus 6 bilobis filamenta 
alternatim A— iVunc. antheris luteis. W. H. 

Pancratium trichroma ; Llave et Llexarsa. 

The bulb of this species, which flowered at Spofforth in 
June, 1838, was sent by J. Maclean, Esq., from Lima, hav- 
ing been dug up on the Andes. It appears similar to the 
plant cultivated in Mexico ; and bulbs which seem to be of 
the same species have been received from Mechoacan. 
The true Coburgias are shy flowerers with us, and also in 
their native country, having a great disposition to waste 
their strength in producing offsets. They like strong allu- 
vial and manured soil, and are often found wild on inacces- 
sible rocks, on the edge of a precipice, and sometimes 
deeply imbedded in the drift soil. W. H. 

interioris elongato, spatha lati-bracteata tubum vaginas unc. supe- 
rantem fere eequante, limbi uncialis violacei fauce, (lsevi, ni fallor) 
purpurascente in sicco Sibthorpiano, aurantiaco, Gay, stylo subal- 
bido antheras stigmatibus vix incisis paullum superantibus. Spec. 
Sibthorp. Oxon. In summis Cretce et Cyprijugis.—In Troadis et 
Qretce. montibus. Gay. — Cormum integrum non vidi. 
14. Fleischerianus ; C. Fleischeri, Gay. Flore verno, cormi tunicis 
vaginaceis crassis demum mere fibrosis fibris tenacibus subtiliter 
intertextis, foliaceis reticulatim nervatis nunquam cribrosis exteri- 
ore medio atnxa, bractea tubata, stigmatibus profunde multifidis, 
limbo albo sepalis extus violaceo-striatis. Specim. ex Smyrna 
montibus Herb. Hooker. 

§. 2. Involucrati ; i. e. scapo involucrato. 

§§. 1. Membranacei. 

1. Parvulus ; Herbert. Flore autumnali 1 Cormo parvulo tunica 
badia lsevi membranacea basi lacera, involucro, (ni fallor in sicco, 
quod vix puto) tubato apice brevi obtuso, spatha tubata (ebrac- 
teata 1) apice bifido, foliis tenuibus hysteranthiis, capsula parvula 
apiculata, seminibus pallide badiis apiculatis. Fhs ignotus ; spe- 
cies e minimis ; ex Syria capsula maturd foliis angustis subuncia- 
libus mense Martio receptus pluviis cestivis gravatus periit. Spes 
seminum me fefellit. Spec, in Herb. Hooker deposui ; ic. pict 
apud me est. 

§§. 2. Parallelo-fibrosi. 

2. Pyrenaus ; Parkinson, Par. A. D. 1629. C. nudiflorus, Smith, 

Eng. Bot. 1798, /. 491. C. multifidus, Ramon, Bull, des Sc. 
de la Soc. Phihm. 1800. C. speciosus, Wilson, Eng. Bot. Suppl. 
2. 2752. Autumnalis, cormo modico tunicis parallelo- fibro- 
sis, ex basi et zonis omnibus stolonibus elongatis aucto, tumca 
fohacea exteriore supra rarius infra medium, proxima summo fere 
cormo affixa, gemma ascendente unica, vaginis circiter sex, inferio- 
ribus truncatis, duabus intimis subacutis, proxima obtusa, fouis 
3—6 hysteranthiis canaliculis costa dorsah angustioribus margmi- 
bus laevibus crassis reflexis, involucro subterraneo tubato laxo um- 
bi-floro, spatha ebracteata elongato-exserta superne subvirescente, 
tubo spatham superante fauce lsevi, limbo purpureo, filamentis laevi- 
bus infra faucem insertis ; stigmatibus subfaciculate multifidis 
aurantiacis antheras superantibus. Floret Septembri; yestit pas- 
cua Pyrenaica passim usque ad 6,000 pedum alt. Orientem ver- 
sus Cebennce pascua, in Occidente cottes Hispanice usque ad Gyon 
et Santander, Septentrionem versus Aquitaniam incolit. In An- 
glid, prope Warrington, Halifax, et Nottingham, inventus procul- 
dubio non est indigena. Pluviis apud nos immodicis vigenttor 
ideoque biflorus gaudet. 

%%. Subparalleli, fibris parallelis confluentibus. 
3. Serotinus; Salisbury, Par. Lond. 30. A. D. 1805. Serotinus, 
Ker, supra 1267, non vero C. Campestris, Herb. Pallas, ibi cit., 
neque C. serotinus, Bertohni. Flore autumnali sero, cormo e 


Vide infra ad calcem 3868. 



( 3868 ) 

Crocus annulatus Adamicus. Mons. 
Adam's var. of Crocus Annulatus. 


Class and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Iridacejs. ) 

Generic Character.— Vide supra N um - 3861. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 
Vide Synop. supra N unu 3861, ad calcem. 

C. annulatus Adamicus flowers at Spofforth very early, 
having been kindly sent there by Mons. Gay, who named 
it C. Adami. It will be seen by the descriptions, that all 
the varieties enumerated conform with each other, and 
differ from other species in the bulb, and agree also in the 
naked scape and tubular bracte. 1 have named the group 
C. annulatus, from the persistent rings, which are the base 
of the vaginaceous extrafoliaceous coats. Those who like 
to multiply species may look upon Annulati as a section of 
the Genus, and the varieties as species ; they will be at least 
designated usually by the subordinate names for conveni- 
ence Mr. Gay received it from Tauria. W. H. 

v,rr i donti™ nf the Tube's mouth below a Petal, showing the Tufts of 
hS*" 2 M^W^a^d.^ith the Stamen. 3. Naked Scape, with 

Spathe LTubukr Bracte. \. ^™T^V^\^i^i 
or Limb. 5. Inside of a Petal. 6. The rings at the base ol the bulb 



involucro tubato apice acuto vaginas vix superante ad pedera scapi 
interdum bracteato, spatha tubata tubum non sequante parte ex- 
serta viridi-nervata, bractea, acuta angusta. subsequali basi latiore 
tubum amplexa, germine subluteo, tubo violaceo-striato exserto 
fauce intus pallidissime flavescente ad laciniarum basim pubescente, 
linibo griseo-violaceo sepalis extus striis sex pallidioribus intus 
macula ad basim sublutea, filamentis a tergo canaliculars summse 
fere fauci insertis subluteis antheras aureas non aequantibus, stig- 
matibus limbum ssepissime subaequantibus coccineis erecte breviter 
fasciculato-multifidis basi ssepius antheras superantibus, foliis circ. 
5 synanthiis costa. dorsali canaliculis enervibus latiore marginibus 
crassis scabris. Habitat in pinetis Gaditanis et in Alpibus Elibe- 
ritanis de la Sierra Nevada. P. Barker Webb, Iter Hisp. p. 9. 
Pie di borro, pes asini Lusitanis, Ker, nomen C. clusiano, si non 
potiiis colchico, proprium. Species caeli Britannici patiens. Flor. 
Oct., Nov., et Decemb. 

Tingitanus; Herbert. Specim. autumnalia, Herb. Hooker, Ben- 
tham, et alibi, a Solyman prope Tingidem lecta. Flore autumnali, 
cormo e majoribus subrotundo tun. fibris parall. superne interdum 
confluentibus, foliaceis superne setose apiculatis exteriore parum 
infra med. affixa, scapo elongato (f-unc.) involucro acuminate api- 
culato apice tantum germen superante, spatha tubata subobtusa 
tubum non sequante, ebracteata limbo circ. 1 f-unc. longo, filam. 
antheras non aequantibus, stigmatibus coccineis 5 — 6-fidis anthe- 
ras aequantibus limbo longe brevioribus, foliis synanthiis circ. 7 an- 
gustis acutis. Serotino affinis. Vivum non vidi, vix a Salzman- 
niano secernendus. 

Salzmannianus ; C. Salzmanni, Gay Bull, de Ferus. 25. 220. 
Flore autumnali, c. modico pyriformi, tunica vaginae, interiore sub- 
membranacea demum in fibras parallelas superne acute conrluentes 
soluta, exterioribus basi persistentibus, foliaceis lsevissimis, exteri- 
ore crassa, submembranacea. longe infra medium, proximis grada- 
tim altius affixis [spatha ebracteata, per. fauce pallide flava, stigma- 
tibus multifidis, Gay ; flor em non vidi] foliorum marginibus crassis 
laevibus, costa, dorsali vix nervata canaliculis enervibus plus duplo 
latiore. Hab. teste Gay, circ. Tingidem. Cceli nostri patiens, 
sed spesflorum adhuc mefefellit. 

Clusianus; C. Clusii, Gay ib. Flore autumnali, tun. vaginae, exte- 
rioribus basi persistentibus, interiore .... 1 foliaceis superne reticu- 
latim cancellatis inferne in fibras liberas solutis, exteriore paullo 
infra med. affixa, spatha ebracteata, per. fauce albida, stigmatibus 
multifidis. Affinis serotino, habit, circ. Olyssiponem, Gay. Mini 
ignotus. Ex conjecturd med C. Tingitani et Clusiani filamenta 
canaliculata et perianthii faux pubescens invenientur, guts sifiant, 
mihi erit C. canaliculatus, v. 1. Serotinus, v. 2. Tingitanus cum 
Salzmanniano, v. 3. Clusianus. 

Byzantinus ; Parkinson Par. 168. A. D 1629. Ker in Bot. Mag. 
1111. p. 2. A. D. 1808. C. Banaticus, Gay Bull, de Fer. 25. p. 
220. A. D. 1831. C. speciosus, Reichenbach Iconog. Bot. Cent. 
10. C. Iridiflorus, Heuffelet Reichenb. Flore autumnali, cormo 
e majoribus et magis rotundis tunica obscure rufescente, spathi 

1 — 2 

Vide infra ad calcem 3870. 


( 3869 ) 

Crocus lagenjeflorus ; var. lacteus lutes- 
cens. Pale Yellow Gourd-shaped Crocus. 


Class and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Iridace^e. ) 
Generic Character.— Vide supra N lim - 3861. 
Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Crocus lagenceflorus ; tunica vaginacea interiore fibris paral- 
lelis prope basim cormi affixa, non circumscissa, exte- 
rioribus tenuibus membranaceis basi tantum persisten- 
tibus, foliacea interiore membranacea saepe obUque, in- 
terioribus summo affixis,/o/m margine et costa dorsali 
ciliatis, canaliculis dorsalibus vix nervatis costa dor- 
sali latioribus, margine reflexo, scapo nudo, spathd laxa 
lorato-bracteata (bractea in cultis saepe obsoleta) cap- 
sulam persistenter obvolvente, perianthio aureo inter- 
dum pallidissirno (colore in cultis maxime variabili), 
Jilamentis pubescentibus non sulcatis, antheris sty 1 urn 
brevem nequaquam multifiduin saepius superantibus, 
capsulaoblon^aapice purpurascente, serninibus pallide 
purpureo-brunneis raphe et chalaza pallidioribus con- 

spicuis. . , . iU a • ■*> 

Var 1 Aureus; Smith; perianthio aureo, spatha in cultis 

'sane ebracteata. Supra 2986. Eng.Bot.264S. Smith 

Prod. Fl. Grcec. 1.24. C. lagenaetlorus y. Par Lond. 

106. In arenosis Graeciae supra argillam.— Havus ? 

Su i colli di Chief alo Ypso da Febbr . a tuttoAprile ; 

fori gialli aranciati. Prof. Tipaldo Anthol. Ion. Cor- 

Subv^l' Trilineatus; aureo similis lineis tribus externis 
caerulescentibus in summo tubo et sepalorum basi, spa- 
tha ebracteata. Variat lineis plus minus contmuatis. 
Ex semine aurei prognatus. 

Subvar 2. Sulphurascens ; sulphureo concolore pallidior, 
fauce concolore, spatha ebracteata. Ex semine aurei 
P^natus. Subvar- 

Subvar. 3. Albus ; perianthio albo, spatha bracteata vel 

ebracteata. Ex semine aurei prognatus ? 
Var. 2. Lacteus; pube filam. fortiore, folior. fere obsoleta. 
Subvar. 1. Concolor. Sabine Hort. S. Tr. v. 7. Mcesi- 
acus, (3. supra 1111. Perianthio lacteo, fauce luteo 
pallide maculata, spatha ebracteata; albo vix dissim- 
ilis. Hab. incert. An ex semine aurei prognatus? 
nisi sit C. sulphureus, Suowus, Prof. Tipaldo Anthol. 
Ion. Corcyrae, sopra il porto Collura (Kaxxapa) a S. 
Stephano e ne terreni inculti di Catu Garunna (Karw 
Tapava) Febr., Mar., vel idem cum C. Boryano. 
Subvar. 2. Pennicillatus. Sabine, Hort. S. T. v. 7. Ker, 
supra 2645 ; per. lacteo lineis ad sepalorum basim tri- 
bus caeruleis, spatha ebracteata. An ex semine aurei 
prognatus ? 
Subvar. 3. Lutescens ; tubo albescente pallide caeruleo- 
lineato, limbo pallide luteo, fauce et limbi basi macula 
radiata saturate lutea, spatha ebracteata, foliis latiori- 
bus ; 4 vel 5 in agro SufFolciano, Barton Park dicto, 
inventi sunt, haud procul (circ. 70 pass.) a loco ubi C. 
aureus et annulatus argenteus sponte crescunt. 
Var. 3. Sulphureus, Subvar. concolor ; Ker, supra 1384; 
perianthio aureo-sulphurascente fauce aurea, spatha 
bracteata foliis angustis strictis, antheris sterilibus. 
Senio effcetus ; ex aurei semine, puto, prognatus. 
Subvar. 1. Pallidus ; sulphureo similis flore sulphureo-al- 
bicante, spatha, antheris, foliis, ut in praecedente. Pro- 
cul dubio sulphureo cognatus. Sabine Hort. S. Tr. v. 7. 
Subvar. 2. Striatus ; Ker, supra 938 ; per. aureo-sulphu- 
rascente sepalis extus striatis, spatha, antheris, folns, 
ut in praecedente. 
Var. 4. Steilaris, Haworth; tunica vagin. inter, flbris la- 
tis parallels compacta basi demum liberis supra ba- 
sim longe infra medium, proxima tentiiter membra- 
nacea basi crassa persistente, foliacea exteriore dunore 
nitida oblique sulcata supra medium affixa, perianthio 
aureo, sepalis et tubo extus striatis, spatha, antheris, 
foliis, ut in praecedente. Hab. incert. 
Var. 5. ? Syriacus ; tunicis pallide laete badiis nitidis, vagi- 
nacea interiore basi lacera superne leviter parallelo- 
fibrosa, foliaceis superne sulcatis exteriore circ. med. 
proxima prope med. affix, spathae bractea lorata, tubo 
purpura striato, limbo vix unciali aureo sepalis extus 
fusco-purpureo plumeo-tristriatis, foliis angustis, cae- 
tera ignotis. Specim. ex Syria prope Aleppo, Russell, 
Herb. Banks. 



Swan '£& 

C 3870 ) 

H^manthus tenuiflorus j var. Mozambicensis. 
Narrow-flowered H^manthus ; Mozambic var. 

Class and Order. 
Triandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Amaryllidace^e. §. Amarylliformes. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium tubo recto limbo regulari ; pericarpium e- 
valve integumento medio pulpaceo. §. 1. Bulbo subro- 
tundo foliis cylindraceo-vaginantibus undulatis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

HiEMANTHUS tenuiflorus ; umbella sub-100-flora vel ultra 
demum sphaerica, scapo pallide virente dodrantali, spa- 
tha 3 — 6-valvi viridi valvis acutis sesquiuncialibus 
bracteisfiliformibus, pedunculis uncialibus rubris, ger- 
mine parvulo luteo -virente, tubo perianthio stylo et 
filamentis miniatis, tubo { — |-unc. limbo unciali geni- 
talibus breviore pallidiore, antheris et polline luteis, 
foliis latis undulatis, vaginis rubro obscure maculosis. 

Var. 1. Mozambicensis tubo f-unciali. 

Var. 2. Delagoensis tubo vix ^-unciali. Herb. Amaryl. 
233. W. H. 

This fine plant flowered at the beginning of April, with 
upwards of a hundred flowers, the head becoming ultimately 
almost sphaerical, in the stove at SpofForth, where it had 
stood the whole year in a hot situation, having been left 
dry through the winter. The bulb had been received at 
Rio Janeiro from Mozambic, and was sent from thence to 
the Hon. W. Fox Strang ways, by whom it was forwarded 
to SpofForth. There appears nothing to distinguish it from 
Forres's Delagoa specimen described H. Am. 233, except 
the tube being half as long again, but Mozambic being 


within the tropics, and Delagoa Bay eleven degrees to the 
South, it is probably different in constitution. A bulb sent 
to SpofForth by Messrs. Loddiges, which has lately flow- 
ered, proves to be a scarlet- flowered variety of Hjemanthus 
puniceus (v. magnified) with a very crowded umbel. Ano- 
ther bulb in the stove at Spofforth, imported by Mr. Tate, 
of the Sloane Street nursery from Para, in Brazil, appears 
to be the Mozambic plant, but has not yet flowered. Hav- 
ing learned from my son that the bulbs of H. multijiorus 
which he had seen in the islands on the West coast of 
Africa grew chiefly on old crumbling walls, I have culti- 
vated these successfully by filling the pot to a considerable 
height with old bricks and pots pounded, putting light 
loam above, and keeping the round bulb above ground, 
with its prolonged base under gound. H^emanthus Abyssi- 
nicus, brought by a traveller from Abyssinia, flowered very 
beautifully at the garden of Mr. Little in the King's Road, 
Chelsea, two years ago ; but no drawing, or careful exami- 
nation, was made. A strong offset from it is thriving vigor- 
ously in the greenhouse at SpofForth, and may be expected 
to flower with its next shoot. W. H. 

1 — 2-flora, sepalis pallide nigro-cseruleis fere albicantibus (i. e. 
griseo-cseruleis) petala alba superantibus, stigmatibus apice laceris 
seu plumeis, seminibus parvis rotundis obscuris, foliis 3 — 4 (in 
Anglia cultis autumno tardius excrescentibus) ; teste Parkinson de 
C. Byzantino. Sepalis lilacinis, petalis albis minoribus lanceolatis ; 
teste Reichenb. de Specioso perperam dicto et prope Krassoviam 
(Krajova) in Banatu et Wallachid lecto. Tunicis paucis, vagina- 
ceis demum in fibras liberas solutis, foliaceis subtiliter reticulatim 
nervatis, foliis hysteranthiis omnibus supra medium tuber affixis, 
spatha ebracteata, stigmatibus multifidis, perianthio violaceo au- 
tumnali ; teste Gay, qui ex Banatu et Transylvania affinem Pyre- 
iubo et medio esse monet. B. d. F. 25. 220. C. Banaticum eun- 
dem esse ac Speciosum Reich, et iridifolium R. et H. monet in 
literd cl. Gay, ideoque ad Byzantinum proculdubio referendum 
censeo. Campestri affinis mihi videtur. 
8. Versicolor ; Ker ; supra 1110. Flore verno, c. tun. vagin. duabus 
interioribus infra non circumscissis fibris duris confertis parallelis 
acute comiuentibus prope basim, foliac. exter. nitida membranacea 
infra medium affixa, involucro apiculato spatha dimidio breviore, 
spatha biflora exserta bracteam loratam angustam sequante, perian- 
tbii fauce laevi ssepius sublutescente, filamentis lsevibus non cana- 
liculars £-unc. infra faucem insertis, antheris stigmata subtruncata 
fere sequantibus, foliis canaliculis nervatis costa dorsali latioribus 
marginibus vix retlexis (stepe obsolete) subscabris. 

Vide infra ad calcem 3371. 

Var. 6. ? Luteus, Lam. Enc. 6. 385 ; t. externis membrana- 
ceis tenuibus basi circumscissa tan turn persistentibus, 
tun. vag. interiore parallelo- fibrosa prope basim affixa, 
foliacea exteriore dura nitida sulcata superne confluen- 
ter fibrosa apiculata longe infra medium vel oblique 
affixa, foliorum canaliculis fortius nervatis, spatha 
bracteata perian. majore aureo fauce extus lineata. — 
C. vermis, perperam supra 45— C. Mccsiacus, Ker. 
Habitatio incerta, sed procul dubio inter Istrum et Pelo- 
ponesum sita. Valde robustiorem, senio tamen apud 
nos sterilem, ex semine aureo prognatum vtx credo. 

Ykr. 7. ? Olivierianus ; ipse non novi. C. Olivieri, Gay, 
Bull, de Ferus. 25. 219 ; tunica vag. ext. at in aureo et 
luteo, foliaceis laivissimis supra medium affix is, tolio- 
rum basibus (petiolis, Gay) liberis, bractea (dimidiata, 
Gay) lorata, stigmatibus 4— 6-exasperatis. Habitat 
in insula Ohio ; Gay. W. H. 

Four or five bulbs of this exceedingly pretty Crocus were 
discovered at different times fifty or seventy yards apart 
under trees, and within one hundred yards from the spot 
where C htgenasflorus aureus, and C. annulatus argenteus 
are naturalized under certain oak trees within a space 
about a quarter of a mile in circumference in Barton Park, 
Suffolk by Mr. Turner, the intelligent gardener of the 
Bury Botanical establishment. I apprehend the reason 
why these bulbs are found only under the trees to be that 
the grass is there less vigorous, and the shade of the 
branches and suction of the roots prevent their rotting dur- 
ing the season of rest in very wet autumns. Aureus is found 
to°be established also under some trees in the gardens o 
Wentworth House in Yorkshire, and the seed collected 
from them having been sown by Mr. Cooper in a dug bor- 
der has produced' much variety, many with the dark hues, 
which are peculiar to luteus, more or less perfectly marked, 
^eYZ V sulphureus concolor, but with perfect anthers, 
some nearly af pale as lutescens, and one per fee Iv w hi te 
which is supposed to have sprung from that seed, is, with 
the other varieties, now at Spofforth. There . , no ^abi- 
lity amongst the Croci under the trees eithe, n Suffolk oi 
afwXorth ; but one from Suffolk flowered one season 
semidouble with faint purp e lines and the nex t^ .on 
sin-le and without lines. Under the Suffolk trees they 
havTthe lorate bracte, but I have seen it short and smalm 
one or two; and at Wentworth they are chiefly withou toe 


bracte ; and in one specimen of luteus growing with them in 
the seed bed it was wanting. The absence of the floral 
bracte constituted the only difference except colour between 
lagenceflorus and lacteus of which no native situation is 
known, and the reason for dividing them fails. Mr. Young 
of Mil ford nursery has a stock of lacteus concolor, sup- 
posed to have been raised from foreign seed, but the gen- 
tleman who introduced them is dead. C. Boryanus of 
Monte Nero in Cephalonia and the hills near Modon and 
Navarino is very like lacteus concolor, but it has the lorate 
bracte, and flowers in October. I have never seen it alive. 
In Greece, C. aureus grows in sand upon clay ; and it 
seems that, cultivated in our country, it is so disposed to 
sport, that the sulphurei and luteus as well as the lactei may 
have proceeded from it ; but I rather consider luteus to be 
a natural variety from some colder situation between the 
Danube and the Morea. I do not see sufficient cause for 
separating C. Syriacus without further examination of alive 
specimen ; nor C. Olivieri of Mons. Gay, from the very slight 
notice given of it by him from a dry specimen ; but I think 
it doubtful whether the four last varieties should be looked 
upon as separate species, if the native country of C. luteus 
and stellaris could be ascertained. It is quite evident, that 
the Croci, which do not ripen their seed abundantly in our 
climate, become quite sterile from long reproduction by 
offsets. The history oilutescens is singular, for no variety 
appears on the spot where the aurei grow ; and if lutescens 
proceeded from them, why is it found at a distance ? It is 
probably an old variety, and originally set where it has been 
found; and it may possibly be the sulphureus of Prof. 
Tipaldo from Corfu. No Crocus is indigenous in Great 
Britain. I remember seeing in 1809 Mr. Williams's C. 
lacteus concolor (masiacus, (3., supra 111 J, and it was far 
from being white. He had but one bulb of it, and I have 
never seen exactly the like, though Mr. Ker speaks of hav- 
ing seen several. Mr. Strangways possesses albus, but 
knows not where he obtained it. I have this spring observ- 
ed two bulbs of the Suffolk aureus, which I am satisfied 
were plain golden when sent from thence, of which one is 
now striped exactly like luteus, and the other, which is 
planted in peat, with three fainter stripes the whole length 
of the sepals. Luteus may be a remarkable seminal variety 
from aureus in cultivation. W. H. 



( 3871 ) 

Bomarea acuti folia; var. punctata. Sharp- 
leaved Bomarea; speckled var. 


Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Amaryllidace^:. Subord. Hypoxidejs. 
§. Alstrcemeriformes. ) 

Generic Character. — Vide supra N mu 3863. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Bomarea acutifolia, v. maculata; umbelld 10- vel ultra-flora, 
involucri valvis angustis viridi-rubescentibus, pedun- 
culis 1 — 2-floris minute bracteatis cum germine rubro- 
pubescentibus, perianthio subaequali subunciali sepalis 
obovatis f-unc. latis aurantiaco-coccineis viridi-apicu- 
latis iutus lutescentibus, petalis spathulatis extus palli- 
dioribus intus saturate punctatis marginibus itiferne 
approximatis, jilamentis laevibus, antheris purpureo- 
virentibus, operculo et styli basi pubescentibus, semini- 
bus saturate aurantiaco-coccineis. Ex Caraccas. W. H. 

This showy Bomarea was imported by T. Harris, Esq., 
of Kingsbury Grove, from Caraccas, and having been kindly 
sent by him to Spoffbrth, it flowered at the end of several 
shoots in the latter part of the summer of 1840, and per- 
fected its seeds in December. It is not to be distinguished 
as a species from the Mexican acutifolia, but is more con- 
spicuous. W. H. 

Fig. 1. represents a Stamen before and after inversion. 2. A Petal. 
3. The inside, and 4. the outside, of a Sepal. 

Var. 1. Princeps; supra 1110. C. insularis, var. major. Gay in 
Uterd, cum plantd ipso teste ex Corsica, qua proculdulrio C. versi- 
color Ker ipsissimus est. Scapo brevi perianthii fence lutescente, 


tubo brevi, limbo pallide purpurascente sepalis (et sgepe petalis) 
extus plumeo-tristriatis, foliis suberectis canaliculis uninervibus 
vix subscabris. 

Var. 2. Gallicus ; C. meridionalis, Osborne Hortul. Cat. Germine 
involucrum superante, per. fauce lutescente, petalis extus plumeo- 
purpurascentibus, sepalis extus pallide stramineis tris triads, foliis 
depressis vix subscabris canaliculis binervibus. In confiniis Gallia 
et Italics circa Nicceam. 

Var. 3. Caucasicus. Spec. Herb. Hooker, ex montibus prope Tifflim. 
Tunica exteriore fibris parallelis supeme confluentibus, germine in 
fauce involucri sito, bractea ut in ceeteris, limbo l|-unc. (ut vide- 
tur in sicco) purpurascente ] 

Var. 4. Dalmaticus. Spec. Herb. Hooker, et Herb. Bentham. ex Dal- 
matid. Caucasico similis minor foliis angustioribus. 

Var. 5. Lineatus; Sabine Hort. S. Tr. 7.464; foliorum canaliculis 
binervibus margin, ciliatis ; var. culta ; liuic tamen consimilis dici- 
tur in Sicilia indigena, nescio cujus Italici C. Siculus, MS. 

Varietates cultse C. versicolors permultae et perpulchrse sunt. 

9. Insularis; Gay, Bull, de Ferus. 15. 221. Flore verno, tun. vag. 
interiore fibris parallelis supeme confluentibus infra demum libens, 
foliacea exter. lseviore pauhurn infra medium affixa, spatha ebrac- 
teata, limbo purpurascente, sepalis extus plumeo-tristriatis, ger- 
mine striato apice purpureo, " seminibus teste Gay badiis raphe et 
chalaza pallidis," foliis lsevibus costa dorsali canaliculis enervibus 
parum latiore. Habit. Sardiniam et Corsicam. Species inter 
versicolor em et minimum ; variat, in speciminibus siccis qua ex 
variis Corsica locis recepi, fibris plus minus reticulatim confluen- 
tibus, vix a minimo secernendus, spathd tamen in omnibus ebrac- 
teatd ; bulbi, tun. vix reticulatis, nondum apud mefioruerunt. _ 

10. Imperatonianus. C. Imperati, Tenore. Flore verno, c. tun. vagi- 
nacea interiore fibris parallelis supeme et rarius inferne connuen- 
tibus, externis tenuibus membranaceis, foliacea exteriore crassa 
intus glabra extus confertim confluenter parallelo-fibrosa circ. vel 
infra med. affixa, involucro scapum infra arete amplexo, spatha 
bracteae tubatse acuminatge aBquali, periantliii fauce laevi lutea, stig- 
matibus croceo-coccineis incisis antheras superantibus, foHorum 
canaliculis enervibus costa dorsali latioribus margine lsevi, capsula 
6-striata, seminibus pallide badiis demum brunneis raphe et cha- 
laza. rugosis. 

Var. 1. Princeps ; Umbo violaceo sepalis extus stramineis plumeo-3- 
striatis, foliis suberectis. Hab. colles humiliores siccos dumosos 
prope Neapolim. 

Var. 2. Bupestris, Tenore ; idem foliis depressioribus. 

Var. 3. Albus. Limbo albo sepalis extus albis 3-striatis. Ex Nea- 
poli a cl. Tenore missus. 

Var. 4. Montanus. Limbo albo, sepalis extus stramineis non stnatis. 
Habitat monies 2,000 vel 3,000 ped. altiores prope Neapolim ; in 
regione quadam intermedia nullus invenitur. __ 

§§. 3. Subreticulati, supeme reticulati. 
11. Suaveolens; Bertoloni. Supra 3864. Flore verno. Differt ab 
Imperatoniano tun. fibris superne reticulatis, spatha semper ebrac- 


Vide infra ad calcem 3873, 

( 3872 ) 

Sprekelia Cybister. The Tumbler 

Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Amaryllidace^e. Subord. Amaryllide;E. 


Generic Character. 

Perianthium declinatum basi annulari inferne abbreviato 
vix tubato ; filarnenta fasciculata declinata labio inferiore 
prope basim comprehensa. 

Specific Character. 

Sprekelia cybister; scapo forti subterete ultrabipedali 
diam. f-unc. glaucescente inferne sanguineo 4-floro, 
spatha rubescente mox marcescente subbiunciali, pe- 
dnncnlis ultra uncialibus, genuine cubante, perianthio 
inferne rubro superne subvirescente, laciniis inferne 
latis intus pallide striatis superne longe angustatis, 
labio inferiore genitalia quinqueunciaha amplexo pre- 
cipitato apicibus reflexis, sepalis margine involuto re- 
flexis duobus inferioribus inferne oblique latere su- 
periore dilatatis, petalis superioribus subplanis apice 
tortuose demisso, petalo imo scapum attingente, mem- 
brana fauciali barbata, stigmate trilobo parvo subru- 
bescente, tilamentis cum stylo apice sub-assurgente 
precipitatis, e sepalinis superiore elongato e petalmis 
inferiore abbreviate, foliis hysteranthiis vindibus apice 
obtuso rubro circ. l^-uncias latis, bulbo ovato tusco 
diam. biunciali. — Ex Bolivia. W. H. 

This very remarkable plant flowered in the greenhouse 
at Spofforth in April, 1840, the bulb having been kindly 

sent to Spofforth from Boston in North America by J. VV. 
Boott, Esq., who had purchased it at Mr. Knight's nursery 
on the King's Road, Chelsea, and it is stated to be a native 
of Bolivia. It conforms very closely in structure with 
Sprekeli a formosissima, and agrees with it in having pollen 
narrower, and more acute than Hippeastrum. The two 
genera are closely allied, but no Hippeastrum has the 
filaments closely embraced by the lower lip, being enclosed 
by a dilatation of the lower part of the two inferior sepals. 
The nearest approximation is in H. Aulicum, of which the 
inferior petal compresses the filaments, (in which respect as 
well as in the non-radiation of the central colour, it differs 
from platypetalum and glaucophyllum, which can scarcely 
be considered of the same species,) but there is no dilatation 
or involution of the upper margin of the sepals, as in 
Sprerelia. The posture of the flower of S. cybister is very 
singular. When the buds first break through the spathe, 
the germen is not distinguishable from the peduncle, and 
at that period, the most experienced eye examining it with 
a magnifier, would think it had a sessile germen, and mis- 
take the peduncle and germen for a tube. On the follow- 
ing day the germen marks itself and becomes horizontal ; 
on the next, the bud plunges down, and the point touches 
the scape, aud in that singular posture, the buds look like 
heads of a crane pecking its neck. After a day or two they 
rise from the scape, when the lower lip, with the filaments 
and style, falls perpendicularly. In its complete expansion 
the point of the lower petal touches the scape, the upper 
sepal has the end reflex, and the two upper petals become 
reflex, with the ends tortuously drooping ; the ends of the 
style and filaments become more disengaged, and curve 
irregularly upwards. The leaves do not appear till after 
the flowers are passed, or if the point of a leaf appears, its 
progress is suspended. The plant likes rich alluvial loam, 
and should be left dry in the winter in the greenhouse. 
It is not ascertained whether it will bear an English winter 
in the open ground like formosissima. It forms a second 
section of Sprekelia, differing from formosissima, glauca, 
and cinnabarina lately flowered at Spofforth, in the elonga- 
tion or abbreviation of the odd filaments in each lip. W. H. 

ig. a. represents a Flower cut off and placed horizontally, b. A Flower, 
the Limb cut off, showing the upper, lower, and two lateral Stamens, 
the bearded membrane at their insertion. The two corresponding late- 
are omitted to avoid confusion. 

( 3873 ) 

Elisena longipetala. Long-limb ed 


Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord.— Amaryllidacejs. Subord. Amaryllidejs. 
§. Pancratiformes. §§. 2. Seminibus carnosis. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium tubatum tubo brevi subcylindrico decurvo 
limbo reflexe patulo corona cylindracea deflexa complanate 
depressa, genitalia subfasciculate declinata recurvata, an- 
thers breves incumbentes medio affixae, ovula margantacea 
erecta, semina viridia rotunda, bulbus fibris crassis persis- 
tentibus. Plantae Americans, arenis gaudentes. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Elisena longipetala ; scapo ancipiti tripedali viridi, spatha 
biunciali marcescente bracteata, flonbus circ. sex, pe- 
dnnculis i-uncialibus, gerrnine trigono f-unc. tubo 
viridi A-unc. limbo albo ultra-tnunciah basi virente 
apice revoluto, corona concolore complanate subcylin- 
drico petalo imo adpressa, dentibus interstamineis revo- 
lutis irregulariter trifidis, genitalibus sem.fasc.culate 
assurgenter declinatis, stylo coronam 3-uncias fila- 
menta unciam fere superante, pollinc pallide flayo, 
ovulis binis in loculo singulo, seminibus magms, folns 
8 acutis lamina lf-unc. lata viridi 18-21 -uncial, bus 
columna cylindracea sub-16-unciali. W. H. 

Elisena longipetala. Bot. Reg. 24. Misc. 79. 

This plant was imported by Richard Harrison Esq., 
and having flowered with him at Aighburgh near Liver- 
pool, was described in the Appendix to the Botanical Re- 
gister for 1838. Our specimen flowered at Spofforth in the 
Ireenhouse at the end of March in a six inch pot of white 
sand, with a very small admixture of loam, and produced 
eight leaves, with a scape above a yard high, and six Boh 
It would undoubtedly succeed as well as Ismene amaticacs 
in a bed of white sand out of doors, if it can be kept back 

from shooting so early in the spring, which will probably 
be effected without difficulty. The bulbs of Ismene need 
not be set till May, and notwithstanding the want of 
warmth in the summer of 1839, I. amancaes had ripened 
seed out of doors at the commencement of July, and some 
of the bulbs continued flowering till August. E. longi- 
petala has completely the aspect of an Ismene. The form 
of Ismene deflexa, which has the cup reclining on the lower 
petals, and the upper filaments too long to fall into the cup, 
and therefore lying like bars across its mouth, brings the 
two genera nearer together, and makes it a question whe- 
ther Elisena may not be rather a section of Ismene. It 
differs in having the filaments long, almost fasciculate, 
declined with the points curved upwards, and the cup 
narrowly cylindrical, flattened as if by pressure from above, 
and the tube very short. If the bulb sent to Spofforth from 
Lima for E. ringens be correct, it has also a long column 
to the leaves, and the aspect of an Ismene, and the figure in 
the Flora Peruv. is quite incorrect, but, as the plant has not 
flowered, it may perhaps not be correct. There seems to 
be a third species amongst Mr. Maclean's specimens from 
Caxamarquilla on the East side of the Andes, (alt. 10,000 
feet,) which differs from ringens in having a longer spathe, 
and filaments only half the length. The leaves also differ 
in being blunt, if the right leaves, which are detached, have 
been placed with the flowers. It will be desirable that live 
specimens of the three species should be inspected before 
any decision is made as to the question, whether Elisena 
should be considered as a section of Ismene, which seems 
probable. The cup of E. longipelala properly leans on the 
lower petal, but the flower is apt to take a little twist, which 
throws it on the lower petal and one of the lateral sepals. 
The three species agree in a similar short bent tube, unlike 
that of Ismene. The fibres of both Ismene and Elisena are 
very thick, fleshy, and permanent, continuing as sound as 
the bulb itself when kept through the winter in dry sand. 
The seed of E. longipetala is large, round, and green, like 
that of Ismene. 1. deflexa flowered finely in the open border 
at Spofforth at the end of July and in August, and bore 
the cold wet season of 1840 better than amancaes. W. H. 


Elisena sublimis; scapo dodrantali, spatha triunciali sexflora pedunculis 
i — |~unc. tubo |-unc. limbo albescente biunciali filaraenta ]-unc 
superante, corona circ. f -una acute pluridentata, stylo linibum sufe- 
sequante vel semunciam demum superante stigmate minuto. Speci- 
men in Andibus Caxamarquilla a dom. J. Maclean ledum. W. H. 

teata, stigmatibus integris pallidioribus odoratissimis ; quoad ceetera 
v. principi consimilis. Habit. Terracinam, monies d'lttri, prope 
Fundos, et Romae Voile d 'Inferno. 

12. Minimus; Decandolle ; Redoute Lil. 2. 81., non supra 2091. 
Flore vemo, c. tun. vagin. interiore reticulata, spatha bracteata, 
perianthio violaceo sepalis extus striatis, stigmatibus brevibus sub- 
integris aurantiacis. Habit. Corsicam. Ipse non vidi, et in dubio 
mihi est an Insularis a Minimo secernendus sit. 

13. Cambessedesianus ; C. Canibessedesii, Gay, B. F. 15. 220. 
Flore autumnali, c. tun. vaginaceis basi persistentibus, foliaceis in- 
terioribus lsevissimis, exteriore basi demum in fibras liberas soluta. 
imo cormo affixa, spatha bracteata, seminibus demum brunneis 
raphe et chalaza pallidis. Affinis C. minimo, secundum Gay ; 
habit. Majorcam, mihi ignotus. Descriptio prorsus msufficiens ; 
si minimo preecipue affinis, tunicam prsecipuam reticulatam esse 
conjicio. Forsan Odoro affinis ] 

§§. 4. Reticulati. 

14. Odorus ; Zerapha, Flor. Melit. non Bivo cum cujus a Zerapha con- 
fusus est. Flore autumnali cormo modico ovato tun. vagin. ad 

basim affixis fibris reticulatis non cribrosis, foliaceis nitidis vix 
nervatis inferiore infra medium cseteris summo cormo affixis ger- 
mine purpura striato vel superne maculato, scapo brevi, mvoiucro 
brevi mermen acumine superante, spatha ebracteata elongata su- 
perne virescente acuminata, tubo albo purpura sex-striato exserto, 
fauce lutea intus ad petalorum basim subbarbata limbo circiter un- 
ciali lilacino laciniis ad basim extus saturate tnstriatis, sepalis 
extus pallidioribus, filamentis antheras longit. superantibus palhde 
flavis infra faucem insertis, stigmatibus aurantiaco-coccmeis trun- 
cato-dentatis antheras sa^pissime stantibus odons , folns angustis 
proteranthiis marginibus dense ciliatis costa do rsali levite r sulcata 
canaliculis enervibus duplo latiore. Crescit m Monte lerdala 
Melitensi, cceli nostri non satis patiens ■■ ^ 

15. Longijlorus; Rafinesaue Caratt. p. 84. C. odorus, Bivo Bern 
St rar Sic 3. p. 8. C. serotinus, perperam Bertoloni Desc. 
Flore autumnali, cormo parvo tunicis ^gmacexs bruniie^ .fibris 
superne reticulatis inferne fere paral elis prope basim fol art. 
exteriore reticulata medio cormo vel mfra affixa ^™?W ; l 
interiore subacuta, tribus exterms obtusis scapo ™^^ 
involucro germen superante, spatha ebracteata longe ex^rta ^ub 
obtusa superne viridi, tubo flavescente sptham plasuna* supe- 
rante, fauce lutea intus sub petalorum basim P^ n £; ™£ 
ultra sesquiunciali lilacino ad basim intus sa Relate* fitangtos 
luteis laavibus intra faucem insertis, anthens u te £irt ^atttas 
aurantiaco-coccineis truncato-dentatis odons ' ^^™™?^ 
tis synanthiis laevibus costa leviter sulcata -J^g^^S 
vix latiore, seminibus subrotundis rufo-brunne s^ ^m^pamm 
in pratis mantes fciU*, in W^*j£* S^ 
Panormitams, (in Dalmatia. teste Bertotoni) in rnmu , / 
Pvstum.rn pawns ******* Calahr^. Sertd, et **W* ™f 

Longiriorus, Rajiwyi*. Var. ft m*enm, uamu j> 

16. Medius, Balbi. Bertol. Descr. 9. Gay, Bull. Fer. 1827. p. 8. et 
29. Flore autumnali, cormo e majoribus, tunicis reticulato-can- 
cellatis, non stolonifero, spatha ebracteata, tubo prselongo exserto, 
perianfhio grandi violaceo, stigmatibus profunde multifidis penni- 
cillato-effusis croceis, foliis hysteranthiis. Non vidi. Differt se- 
cundum Bertoloni a Pyrenseo cormo non stolonifero, tunicis cri- 
broso-cancellatis, spatha et vaginis magis acuminatis, perianthii 
laciniis latioribus saturatioribus, stigmatibus non aurantiacis. 
Involucratum esse a comparatione cum C. Pyrenaeo censendum est; 
si nudus,futilis est ista comparatio, et eodem pacto nomen medius 
fa mediatate quddam non vera, inter longiflorum et Pyrenseum,) 

futile evadet, et C. Cancellati var. Balbisiana vel Italica erit iste C. 
medius, Balbisianus. Crocus nudus ebracteatus indigena nullibi 
inventus est. In lagenaefloro culto bractea obsolescit. C. cancel- 
lation nudum bracteatum esse censeo ; sifalhr in sicco, involucra- 
tus ebracteatus est, quo pacto C. medius erit var. 3. Balbisiana 
Croci cancellati. 

17. Pallasianus. C. Pallasii, M. a Bieb. Sup. Flore autumnali, c. 
modico tun. exteriore tenuiter reticulata foliaceis superne setosis, 
spatha bracteata, limbo purpurascente tubi parte exserta longiore 
fauce barbata, stigmatibus erectis truncatis bimbo brevioribus anthe- 
ras subaequantibus, foliis angustissimis laxis fere synanthiis serius 
excrescentibus. Habitat in collibus apricis Tauriee fiorens Sept. 
Oct. C. Tkomasiano affinis, minor tubo brevi, limbo palkdiore 
striato, foliis angustioribus ; nescio an ciliatis. Vidi siccum cormo 
cum tunicis tenuiter reticulatis circ. semunciali, foliis 7 fere fikfor- 
mibus circ. |-unc. exsertis tubum pallidum involucro vix longio- 
rem sequantibus, limbo unciali pallide violaceo extus ad basim 
saturate striato ; de bracteis niliil novi. 

18. Thomasianus. C. Thomasii, Tenor e. Flore autumnali, c. tun. 
fibris superne reticulatis inferne parallelis, foliaceis apice subsetosis, 
involucro (quoadvidi) ad basim scaporum singulorum bracteato, 
spatha (quoad in culto vidi) ebracteata sed (teste Flor. Ital.) in 
indigenis bracteata involucrum subsequante vaginis breviore, tubi 
parte exserta nuda, limbo sesquiunciali saturate purpureo estriato 
petalorum basi minute barbata, sepalorum lsevi, filamentis palhde 
flavescentibus circ. i-unc. infra faucem tubo insertis, stigmatibus 
truncatis indivisis odoris antheras subaequantibus limbo dimidio 
brevioribus, foUis angustis circ. ^ latis synanthiis serius excrescen- 
tibus costa dorsali vix nervata canaliculis enervibus latiore, capsu- 
la estriata, seminibus (Flor. Ital.) intense violaceis. 

Var. Princeps. Fohorum marginibus et costse angulis dense ciliatis. 
Vidi vivum. 

Var. Lesvis ; foliis non ciliatis. Flor. Ital. non vidi. Crescit in Cala- 
bria sylyis mont. La Serra, Thomas ; Lucanice La terza, Potenza 
alle Faje, et Mantocchio. 

19. Sativus, Linnaeus ; Red. Lil. 173. C. autumnalis, Engl. Bot. 
343.; autumnalis, Lam.; sativus, Royle. Flore autumnali, cor- 
mo e majoribus valde prolifero, tun. fibris stipatis reticulate conflu- 
entrbus, foliaceis apice setosis exteriore infra med. c. affixa, vaginis 
o — 9, intenore (raro tubata) basi tantum inflata integra, cseteris 

Vide infra ad calcem 3874. 

( 3874 ) 
Euterpe Montana. Mountain Euterpe. 

Class and Order. 


( Nat. Old.— Palmue. ) 
Generic Character. 

Flores monoici in eodem spadice, spatka simplici, interi- 
ore ininore cinctosessiles, bracteati, masculi plures in parte 
ramorum superiore, v. bini juxta femineos sing-ulos. — 
Masc. Calyx triphyllus., foliolis ovatis, carinato-concavis, 
aestivatione imbricatis. Cor. tripetala, petalis ovatis v. lan- 
ceolatis, erectis, aestivatione valvatis. Stamina 6, e fun do 
floris ; Jilamenta subulata, libera, v. basi confluentia; an- 
therct lineares, subsagittatae., basifixae. — Fem. Calyx tri- 
phylluset corolla tripetala, aestivatione convoluto-imbricata. 
Staminum rudimenta nulla. Ovarium triloculare, loculis 
duobus minimis. Stigmata 3, sessilia. Bacca uniloculars, 
monosperma, stigmatibus excentricis coronata, grumosa- 
fibrosa, endocarpio tenui membranaceo cum nucleo con- 
nate. Albumen ruminatuin. Embryo lateralis v. subbasi- 
laris.- — Palmae Brasilienses sylvicola, grcgaria ; caudice 
elato, gracili, apice scepius jlexuoso, annulalo, lavigdtq, in- 
tus fibrosa , molli, frondibus omnibus terminalibus , petiolis 
basilonge vaginantibus, pectinato-pinnatis, pinnis acumina- 
ta, spadicibus infra frondes simpliciter ramosis, ramis fruc- 
tiferis divaricato-pateiitibus, tomento granuloso aut furfu- 
raceo,fuscidulo v. albo inductis 7 spathis membranaceo-coria- 
ceis, floribus imprimis inferioribus sive femineis distincle 
bracteatis bibractcolatisque, ochroleucis v. roscis, fructibus 
globosis, sordide violaceis. Endl. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Kiterpe* montana; foliis elliptico-obovatis, pinnis ipteger- 
rimis lanccolatis patulis apicc attenuatis, petiolis iper- 


So named from one of (h inbt,u 

\H, O 

mibus subtus lepidotis., spathaB valvula exteriore interi- 
oribus triplo breviore, spadicis ramis floriferis paten- 
tissimis, floribus laxis per pares (fl. mas. cum fl. fern.) 
scrobiculis ramorum dispositis., fructu subrotundo. 
Areca montana. Hort. Cantab. 

The plant here described was received at the Botanic 
Garden, Edinburgh, from Grenada, in 1815, through the 
kindness of Mr. Ross, and produced for the first time in 1837 
a spathe, which never attained its full size ; nor did it open, 
but remained above a year upon the tree. In 1838, one, 
somewhat more perfect, was formed, and, bursting, allowed 
the escape of a spadix, which, however, never unrolled, but 
remains still on the tree, imperfectly unfolded. Now, there 
are three spadices upon the plant, all perfect, and exposed 
by the falling of the leaves ; but from the lowest only the 
spathe has yet dropped. The outlines of others may also 
be perceived within the sheathing bases of leaves which are 
still on the tree. Mr. Loddiges writes to me, that a tree 
has been in flower with him for two years, and the succes- 
sion of spadices formed and forming upon one plant, shows 
that the same thing will occur with us. 

The portion of the plant which is eaten, either as a fresh 
vegetable or as a pickle, is the terminal bud and the solt 
interior of the after part of the stem. Many of the palms 
may be used, or misused, for the same purpose. 

Descr. Stem, in our plant, ten feet high, marked in its 
whole height with completely annular scars left by the 
fallen leaves, dilated at its base into a nearly globular 
swelling, subcylindrical from this upwards, till the dilated 
sheaths of the leaves near the top give the appearance of 
another enlargement, but much more elongated, and of 
much less considerable diameter than that below. Leaves 
(nine feet long) elliptico-obovate, pinnated; petioles at their 
origin sheathing and embracing each other, unarmed, gla- 
brous, without leafets (for about two feet) at the base; 
rachis rounded below, above, for some way, flat, and, towards 
the apex, keeled ; sides formed into a broad, oblique, and 
shallow groove, into which the leafets are inserted ; leafets 
lanceolate, entire, glabrous, alternate, spreading wide, con- 
cave on the lower side of their base, each having a strong 
middle rib and several smaller lateral ones, the former pro- 
minent with a sharp edge above, attenuated at their apices, 
where, tor a time, they are connected to each other by an 


almost filamentous prolongation. Spathes several upon 
the tree at a time, solitary in the axils of the lowest leaves, 
exposed only when the leaf falls, coriaceo-ligneous, bival- 
vular, brown externally, yellow within, glabrous, decid- 
uous ; outer valve bifid and two edged, obliquely open at 
the apex, closed below, but afterwards splitting to its base 
along the lower side ; inner valve narrow-lanceolate, acu- 
minate, subcompressed, without wings, attached to the 
spadix (about an inch and a half) above the outer, and 
thrice as long as it, everywhere closed, but afterwards 
splitting along the whole of the lower side to permit the 
escape of the spadix. Spadix as long as the inner valve, 
rising from a turgid, dark brown, and cracked base, which 
becomes slender as it passes round two-thirds of the stem, 
much branched and attenuated upwards, branches at the 
base subarticulate and swollen, spreading, both while in 
flower and fruit, at right angles, attenuated to their apices. 
Flowers very numerous, and as well as the whole spadix 
(except its dilated base) white and glabrous, scattered, 
generally in pairs, unisexual, a stamimferous and pistilh- 
ferous flower being generally together and indented into 
the spadix, the former opening freely and deciduous, the 
latter later and never fully. Perianth double, coriace- 
ous ; calyx triphyllous ; corolla three-peta ed, imbricated. 
Male flower, calyx small, segments keeled ; petals _ ovato- 
elliptical; stamens six, equal in length to the corolla, fila- 
ments fleshy, slightly imbricated dilated and cohenn- at 
the base, anthers ovato-oblong, pollen wlnte ; pistil abortive, 
conical, three-dentate, teeth erect. Female flower sur- 
rounded by a small, membranous persistent, monophyllous 
bractea; calyx larger than in the msle: petals broadly 
ovate, adprefsed to the genncn, even after the apex of tins 
is thrust beyond them ; stamens m by far the greater num- 
ber of flowers altogether wanting, or two or more more 

or Wi imnerfect and that as far as I have observed only 
01 less impeitect, aoo to* where ft 

towards the apex ot the brancntb ui mc *v '. 
flowers are occasionally solitary ; germen ovate, £ apex at 
length protruded a little beyond the adpres ed petefe, one 
celFon y develloped ; stigmata three, sessile, ma sub- 
acute, spreading! : ovulum rounded single in the base of 
the ovary, but attached laterally. Graham. 

n ■ . „Urvt of PriTEBPB muntana on 
Tab. 3874 represents a flowering plan of *™»» L y s ^ 

reduced scale, from a drawing by ^"VILLE. 
2. Spadix and inner Spathe & Br^ch of ^ttaa ,l 
female i not size. 4. 5. Male Bower . 

nijied. 7. Portion of the Branch of a bpadtf wua 
Single Fruit ; magnified. 

tubatis truncatis, involucro (raro tubato) acute lorato scapum ara- 
plexo bractea brevi obtusa (interdum erosa) inter ipsud et scapum, 
bractea longiore angusta acuta scapo elongato breviore opposita 
interdum obsoletis, spatha tubata apice acuminata ^exserto bractea 
lorata acuminata eequali in pedunculo brevi, bractea minuta oppo- 
sita in sinu spathae interdum obsoleta, genuine cylindracee ob- 
longo albo ultrasemunciali, tubo superne exserto purpureo-macu- 
lato, limbo saturate purpureo petalorum basi minute barbata, sepa- 
lorum kevi, filamentis ori ipsi tubi insertis, stigmatibus coccmeis 
truncatis pendulis odoris antheras superantibus, foliis subundecem 
subsesquipedalibus marginibus et costse angulis ciliatis costa dor- 
sali fortiter nervata canaliculis enervibus latiore. Yidi semel vagi- 
nam interiorem tubatum et involucrum in eodem specimme con- 
forme ; bractea! minores sa3pe deficiunt, exuberantia scilicet enatae 
plantee dudum cultse, cujus patria ignota est; nisi ex C. Thomasi- 
ano cultura mutatus, verisimiliter ex oriente ; colitur in abruptis 
Italia? ubi culturae veteris vestigia faciliter indigenam mentiuntur. 
Apricis gaudet, alibi vix floret. 
An potius! C. truncatus, Herbert. Var. 1. Pallasianus ; var. I. 

Thomasianus ; var. 3. Sativus. 
20. Vernus; Wildenow. Flore verno, tun. vaginacea interiore reticu- 
lata infra medium cormum, proxima reticulata, basi propius sed non 
approximate, (unde zona radicalis a basi distat) foliacea extenore 
reticulata in fronte cormi afnxa, involucro tubato scapum laxe aui- 
plexo vaginis breviore, scapo ssepe elongato (triuncialem vidij 
spatha tubata acuta ebracteata superne virescente tubum subse- 
quante tubi fauce barbata nunquam lutea, limbo purpureo vel al- 
bescente, styli longitudine variabili, stigmatibus capitato-multifjdis 
croceis interdum in cultis albescentibus, foliis 3—4 marginibus 
tenuibus leevibus costa canaliculis vix nervatis angustiore. Ore*- 
cit in montibus Gallice meridionalis, Helvetia, Italia, Vindelicice, 
Carinthice, Podolia meridionalis, et Hungarian septentnonalis. 
Non transit Istrum superior em, aid mare Adriaticum; non de- 
scendit in planities ; prope Cebennas crescit, in Pyrenais rarior ; 
a Brotero monies Beirce habitare dicitur ; si reverd, forsan et 
Hispanice monies incolit. In Anglid sponte crescit prope Notting- 
ham et alibi, sed non indigena. 
Var. 1. Neapolitanus, flore magno sepalis purpureis, petalis plumeo- 
purpureis; supra 860. Subvar. culta supra 2240. In monte 
Calabro celsissimo Pollino nive tardius fusa vel mense Junio floret. 
Yar. 2. Albiflorus ; Schult. Mant. 1. 367 ; foliis 2—3, flore minore 

seepius albo, rariiis subpurpurascente. 
Subvar. 1. Obovatus ; laciniis obovatis. Habitat Alpes Vindelicia: 

prope Saltzburg, et mantes circa Tergestem. In Herbanis. 
Subvar. 2. Acutior ; laciniis acutis. In montibus Carintliim, prope 

Cebennas et alibi. In Herbariis. 
Yar. 3. Podolicus ; flore majore in sicco subpurpurascente. Spec, ex 

Podolid Mend. Herb. Hooker a Besser led. 
Yar. 4. Alplnus. Ex Helvetia, flore minore, in sicco subpurpuras- 
Color et forma in cultis variat, sed vix ex stirpe violacea quoad vidi. 
C. autumnalis. Loisel. Pair. Enc. 6. 558. montanus autumnalis Lob. 


Vide infra ad CQ 



( 3875 ) 

Anigozanthus Manglesii. Mr. Mangles* 


Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — H#:modorace;E. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium superum, coloratum, tubulosum, lanatum, 
pilis ramulosis, limbo 6-fido, laciniis subaequalibus sursum 
secundis ; tardius deciduum. Stamina 6, fauce inserta, ad- 
scendentia. Anthers erectae. Ovarium triloculare, locu- 
lis polyspermis. Stylus filiformis, deciduus. Stigma sim- 
plex. Capsula trilocularis apice dehiscens. Semina nume- 
rosa.— Herb® perennes. Radix fasciculato-Jibrosa, fibns 
crassis. Caulis integer vel superne divisus. Folia ensi- 
formia, aversa,basibus semivaginantibus. Flores subcory?n- 
bosi, e spicis brevibus, bracteis suboppositiflons. Br. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Anigozanthus* Manglesii; foliis lineari-acutissimis sparse 
ciliatis pilis deciduis, caule laoato, racemo simplici, 
perianthio hinc fisso limbo revoluto sccundo, anthens 

Anigo^cs Manglesii. Don, in Sweet's Brit. FL Gard. 
(fl.) ^ s |bL 365 foliislinearibusacuminati SS i»uis. LindL 
Bot.Reg. t.2012. 

One of the most curious and beautiful Factions ; that 
Australia has yet contributed to our gardens. Specimens 

• From *»*x"> J raise V P' and * M ' a **"**' 

and seeds have been sent from the Swan River, by favor of 
Mr. Mangles., after whom the species is named,, and from 
Mr. Drummond. For a specimen of the plant, and for the 
drawing here figured,, we are indebted to Mrs. Wray of 
Oakfield, near Cheltenham. 

Descr. Root perennial, formed of thickish, fasciculated 
fibres. The rest of the plant is herbaceous. The leaves 
are mostly confined to the base of the stem, and are equi- 
tant at the base., distichous, linear, elongated, and gradu- 
ally acuminated, sometimes ciliated, but these hairs are 
deciduous, and when present inconspicuous : the leaves of 
the stem or scape, small, linear-acuminate. Scape, or stem, 
terete, simple, everywhere, as well as the pedicels and the 
ovarium, clothed with feathery hairs or long tomentum, 
below greenish, the rest a deep full red. Bracteas of the 
same colour, tinged with green. Perianth three to four 
inches long, velvety, rich green, tubular, split open on the 
underside for the whole length, pale green within : the 
limb cleft, the laciniae secund and reflexed, often more or 
less combined. Stamens six, inserted near the top of the 
tube. Anthers linear, yellowish. Ovary inferior, three- 
celled, cells many-seeded. Style exserted ; stigma clubbed, 
obscurely bifid. 

Fig. 1. Apex of the Tube of the Perianth, with the Stamens. 2. Section 
of the lower part of the Tube, with the Ovary. 3. Transverse section of 
the Ovary : — magnified. 

ic. 138. eodem loco cit. circa Massiliam et alibi nullus est, neque 
autumnalem ulluni prope Massiliam indigenam reperiri pro com- 
perto habetur. Descr. ex sativo et Pyrenceo conflata. 

Obs. Croci ebracteati indigent omnes involucrati. Bracteati 1. 
bractea lorata. 2. bractea involvente. 3. bractea tubata. Bractea 
tubata aliquando casu in cultis dimidiata. C. lagenceflorus cult us in- 
clementia coeli septentrionalis saepe ebracteatus. Quae de foliis Croco- 
rum prsedicantur, ad folia receutia, flore quoad vernos nondum effoeto, 
pertinent. W. H. 


3864. 2. C. cancellatus, pro " strictd" lege " striata. 

3S65. Pro " comriventi," lege " conniventia." 

Pro " subovalilms," lege " laciniis subovalibus" 


( 3876 ) 

Brachycome iberidifolia. Candy-tuft- 
leaved Brachycome. 

Class and Order. 
Syngenesia Superflua. 

( Nat. Ord. — Composite. ) 

Generic Character. 

Capitulum multiflorum heterogamum, fl. radii ligulatis 
fcemineis uniseriatis, disci tubulosis 5-dentatis hermaphro- 
ditis. Recept. conicum subalveolatum epaleaceum. Invol. 
campanulatum pauciseriale, squamis margine submembra- 
naeeis. Achcenium lateraliter plano-compressum erostre, 
pappo subsetiformi brevissimo coronatum. — Herbas Novo- 
Hollandicce . Folia alterna glabra parce dentata pinnati- 
lobata aut trifida. Discus luteus (nunc atropurpureus ) . 
Radius albus (nunc cceruleus violaceusve.) D C. 

Specific Character and Si/nont/ms. 

Brachycome* iberidifolia ; glaberrima, cauleerecto ramoso, 
foliis pinnatisectis, segmentis lineari-subulafis distan- 
tibus integerrimis, pedunculis nudis monocephalis, in- 
volucri squamis oblongis acutiusculis apice membrana- 
ceis, achaeniis subteretibus clavatis laevibus v. pilis 
paucis hispidulis apice plicatis, pappo subnullo. Benlh. 

Brachycome iberidifolia. Benth. in Hugel, Enum. n. 198. 
Lindl. Bot. Reg. 1841, t. 9. 

A beautiful annual raised from Swan River seeds by Mrs. 
Wray of Cheltenham, to whom we are indebted for speci- 
mens and a drawing. The variety of colours exhibited by 
flowers that obviously belong to one and the same species 
of plant in the Swan River colony, is quite extraordinary, 


* So named by Cassine, from £i*xy<i, x ^o>(, and top*, hair ; in allusion 
to the short pappus of some of the spe< ;i 

and is a frequent subject of remark by Mr. DrumxMond in 
his observations on the Botany of that district. Mrs. Wray 
observes., that she has herself raised the present Brachy- 
come, having blossoms of every shade of blue and lustrous 
lilac, with considerable diversity in the size and shape of 
the flower heads. Professor Lindley speaks of the violet- 
blue and lilac (both here represented) and of the white, of 
all which we have native specimens in our Herbarium. 
The white has the flowers so like those of the common 
Daisy of our pastures and banks, that, except in the single 
row of radiate florets and the more imbricated scales of the 
involucre with a membranous border at their apices, we can 
scarcely point to any tangible generic difference. In the 
specimens we examined, there is clearly no pappus. Dr. 
Lindley describes it as consisting; of two deciduous hairs, 
but observes that it is often wanting. 

Descr. Root, in our native specimens, decidedly annual. 
Stems a foot high, erect, dichotomously branched, rounded. 
Leaves alternate, slender, pinnatifid, the segments narrow- 
linear, quite glabrous. Capitula solitary at the end of the 
numerous slender, terminal branches or peduncles, blue or 
purple-lilac. Florets of the ray and of the disk with a few, 
spreading, filamentous hairs on the tubular portion. Ache- 
nium obovate, moderately compressed and obscurely trique- 
trous, with a very slightly elevated rim at the top, but no 

Fig. 1, 2, 3. Radial Florets from different capitula. 4. Stigma of ditto. 
5. Floret from the disk. 6. Stigma from ditto. 7. Achaenium. 8. Re- 
ceptacle : — all more or less magnified. 


Hippeastrum aulicum; var. Caraccense. 

bulbo magno subrotundo, foliis nitidis arcuatis, scapo forti viridi, 

ssepius bifloro, pedunculis biuncialibus viridibus, germine subunciali tri- 
gone oblongo viridi, perianthio quinqueunciali tubo circ. f-unc. viridi, 
limbo colore carnis salmonis costis dorsalibus crassis viridibus intus 
prope basim viridi macula vix radiata, marginibus inferne valde undulatis, 
sepalis angustioribus acuminatioribus summa 1^-unc. inferioribus l 1 - 
una latis, petalis acutis superioribus 1^-unc. latis, ima 1^-unc. mar- 
ginibus genitalia undulate ultra basim viridem amplexa, genitalibus 
ejusdem cum perianthio coloris assurgentibus, stigmate lobis longis re- 
curvis periantbium axpiante, filamenta vix superante. 

This distinct salmon-coloured variety of A. aulicum, embracing the 
filaments with the undulated margin of the lowest petal, was sent to 
Two. Harris, Esq., at Kingsbury, by Mr. Mackenzie, from Caraccas, 
and flowered at Spofforth, in November, 1840. W. H. 


( 3877 ) 

Maxillaria stapelioides. Stapelia-like 

Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord, — Orchideje. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium connivens, raro patens. Sepala lateralia 
cum basi columnae connata. Petala subconformia. La- 
bellum trilobum, cucullatum, sessile, cum basi producfa 
columnae articulatum. Columna semiteres aptera. Anthera 
subbilocularis. Pollinia 2, bipartibilia v. integra, caudi- 
cula brevi, glandula transversa. — Epiphytae (Americance) 
pseudo-bulbosai, acaules v. caulescentes. Folia spicata v. 
coriacea. Pedunculi radicales, axillares v. terminates, uni- 
v. multifiori. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Maxillaria stapelioides; pseudo-bulbis ovatis tetragonis 
1 — 2-phyllis, foliis tenuibus lanccolatis patentibus 
pallide glaucis reticularis, pedunculo diffuso bifloro, 
sepalis petalisque subrotundo-ovatis acutis patulis sub- 
aequalibus, labello oblongo trilobo, laciniis lateralibus 
erectis linearibus obliquis obtusis intermedia ovato- 
oblonga basi cucullata, crista flexuosa carnosa intus 
dente carnoso ovato aucta. Lindl. 

Maxillaria stapelioides. Link et Otto, Abbild. 1 1 1 . t. 52. 
Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orchid, p. 146. Bot. Reg. v. 25. 
t. 17. 

This species of Maxillaria well deserves the name of 
stapelioides given to it by Messrs. Link and Otto : it is 
spotted very much after the same manner as many Bpei 
of Carrion -flower, and the colours are also very similar. 


It is a native of Brazil, and was found in the Organ Moun- 
tains by Mr. Gardner, from whose plants, sent to the 
Glasgow Botanic Garden, our figure was taken in the 
autumn of 1830. 

Descr. It is a small plant : the pseudo-bulbs grow in a 
tufted manner, and are ovate, four-angled, bearing gene- 
rally two, terminal, broadly lanceolate, very acute, some- 
what membranaceous, striated leaves, dark green above, 
paler beneath. Scape from the base of the bulb, spreading 
or pendent, one or two-flowered, with ovate, somewhat 
sheathing bracts. Sepals and petals ovate, acute, spread- 
ing, pale green, internally marked with transverse deep 
purple bands. Lip broadly ovate, deep black-purple in 
the centre and at the base, the border pale, with transverse 
streaks of deep purple, three-lobed ; the side-lobes small, 
oblong, acute, the middle one large, almost orbicular, ob- 
tuse, having at the base a two-lobed crest and a broad 
tooth with an apiculus pointing to the base of the lip. 

Fig. 1. Column. 2. Labellum. 3. Inside view of the Anther-case. 4. 
Pollen-masses : — magnified. 


C 3878 ) 

Dahlia glabrata. Smooth Dwarf 

Class and Order. 
Syngenesia Polygamia. 
( Nat. Ord. — Composite. ) 
Generic Character. 

Capitulum radiatum,/. radii ligulatis foemineis neutrisve, 
disci i tubulosis 5-dentatis. Involucrum duplex : ext. squa- 
mis foliaceis 1-serialibus circ. 5 patulis reflexisve, int. squa- 
mis 12 — 16 subbiserialibus longis apice membranaceis basi 
crassiuseulis et inter se coalitis. Recept. planum paleaceum, 
paleis membranaceis oblongis indivisis. Styli rami erecti 
aut subincurvi crassi extus piliferi. Anth. ecaudatae appen- 
diculatae. Achcenium oblongo-obovatum obcompressum 
epapposum apice obsolete bicorne. — Herbae Mexicans 
grandes. Folia opposita pinnatipartita rarius bipinnati- 
partita, segmentis ovatis acutis serratis. Radices fascicu- 
late, aliis cylindricis, aliis oblongo-tuberculatis. Rami 
apice elongati nudi \-cephali. Capitula versicolora disco 
nempe luteo, radio purpureo roseo albo autflavo. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Dahlia* glabrata; caule viridi glaberrimo fistuloso, foliis 
bipinnatis glabris superioribus linearibus indivisis, 
rachi alata, foliolis ovatis acutis grosse serratis ciliatis, 
ligulis fcernineis, involucri foliolis extimis linearibus 
patentibus. Lindl. 

Dahlia glabrata. Lindl. Bot. Reg. 1840. t. 29. 

I am indebted to Mr. Ferguson, the very skilful Curator 
of the Botanic Garden of Belfast, for beautiful specimens of 


* So named in compliment to Andrew Dahl, a Swedish Botanist, who 
*rote on systems of Botany in 1787. 

this Dahlia, a native of Mexico, whence its seeds, accord- 
ing to Professor Lindley, were obtained, by George Fre- 
derick Dickson, Esq., who presented them to the Horticul- 
tural Society of London, and stated them to be from the 
subfrigid districts of the country. It is a handsome species 
of much humbler growth than the Dahlia variabilis, and 
the foliage is less rank and weedy. It flowers in Autumn. 
Descr. Root perennial, consisting of comparatively 
small, but thickish, descending, branching fibres. Stem 
herbaceous, striated or even sulcate, green, tinged with 
purple, glabrous, branched, fistulose, three to four feet 
high. Leaves glabrous, glossy ; the lower ones bipinnate, 
the leaflets more or less ovate, inciso-serrate, or almost pin- 
natifid : the upper ones pinnatifid, the laciniae incised, the 
uppermost linear ; all of them with the rachis winged. Pe- 
duncles axillary and terminal, frequently branched. Exte- 
rior involucre green, of five linear, or subspathulate, spread- 
ing leaflets : inner of about eight broad., ovate ones, mar- 
gined with brown. Florets of the ray about eight, broadly 
ovate, deep lilac purple, with five lines or striae. Disk deep 
purple : the stamens and styles and stigmas orange yellow. 

( 3879 ) 

Morm6des pardina; var. unicolor. Leopard- 
spotted Mormodes; whole-coloured 'var. 

Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^:. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepalum superius fornicatum angustum ; laleralia confor- 
mm reflexa. Petala latiora conformia, erecta. Labellum 
sellaaforme, asceudens, trilobatum, subcuneatum apicu la- 
tum, cum columna articulatum. Columna semiteres, muti- 
ca; gj/nizus longus angustus ; clinandrium postice acumi- 
natum. Pollinia 4, per paria connata., caudiculte crassas 
affixa, glandulae carnosag crassae adhaerenti. — Habitus Cata- 
seli. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Mormodes * pardina; pseudobulbis turbinatis foliis strictis 
4-pIo brevioribus ; raceino nutante multifloro foliis 
breviore., sepalis petalisque subaaqualibns ovato-Iance- 
olatis acutis conniventibus., labelli trilobi lobis latera- 
libus acutis decurvis intennedio elongato acuminato 

(*.) maculata; floribus flavis purpureo-maculatis. 

Mormodes pardina. Bateman, Orchid. Mex. et Guatcm. 
tab. 14. Lindl. Bot. Reg. Misc. v. 24. p. 93. n. 176. 

(#.) unicolor; floribus concoloribus. (Tab. nostr. 3872.) 

The spotted-flowered state of this fine and fragrant plant 
is figured by Mr. Bateman in his magnificent work above 
quoted; and he communicated the information to Professor 


* " From wp», a frightful looking object, a goblin, in allusion to the 
ange appearance of the flowers" (Lindl.) in the first Bpecies m 

strange appearance 

Lindley, that shortly after M. pardina had flowered with 
him, he received from Mr. Barker specimens of a remark- 
able variety of it, the flowers of which were entirely self- 
coloured. This we take to be that particular state of the 
species, which was received along with the spotted variety 
at the Woburn gardens from Mexico by favor of Mr. Par- 
kinson. It produces its fine racemes of blossoms, which 
exhale a powerful and most agreeable odour, in September, 

Descr. Pseudo-bulbs oblong, in our specimen sheathed 
with the broad membranaceous scales of the lauceolate, 
membranaceous and strongly striated leaves. From the 
base of the bulb arises the scape, a foot and more long, in- 
cluding the many-flowered racemes. Bracteas ovate, acu- 
minate. Sepals and petals ovate, acuminate, and, as well 
as the lip, concave, moderately spreading at the base, the 
apices directed upwards, so that they are almost connivent. 
Lip cuneate, with three acuminated lobes, two lateral ones 
smaller and reflexed. The colour of the whole a deep 
lemon-yellow. Column and anther as in Catasetum. 

Fig. 1. Lip and Column. 2. Pollen-mass : magnified. 

In consequence of the unavoidable absence of the Editor from home, 
the following omissions, or errors, have appeared in the recent numbers 
of this Work. 

Tab. 3843. ^Eschynanthus grandiflorus, p. 2, 1. 5, for " Mr. Sancton," 

read Mr. Sang. 
Tab. 3849. Musa superba. It should have been said that the drawing was 

from the pencil of Dr. Greville. 
Tab. 3851. Trop.eolum brachyceras, and Tab. 3853, Pentstemon 

heteropliyllus, were both from the garden of the Horticultural Society 

of Edinburgh. 
Tab. 3800. Gardoquia belonicoides, p. 2, 1. 2, instead of "two inches 

long," read " two inches and a half long. 


In which the Latin Names of the Plants contained in the Fourteenth 
Volume of the New Series, (or Sixty-seventh of the Work) are 
alphabetically arranged. 

















Aconitum Chinense. 

Aeschynanthus grandiflorus. 

Anchusa petiolata. 

Angelonia cornigera. 

Anigozanthus Manglesii. 

Barringtonia racemosa. 

Batemannia Colleyi. 

Bomarea acutifolia ; var. punc- 


Brachycome iberidifolia. 

Calectasia cyanea. 

Callithauma viridiflorum, et 

Catasetum integerrimum. 

Cere us latifrons. 

speciosissimus ; hybri- 


Coburgia coccinea. 


Crocus annulatus, Adamicus. 

lagenseflorus ; var. lac- 

teus lutescens. 


Cycnoches Loddigesii ; var. 

Cyrtochilura maculatum; var. 

Cystanthe sprengelioides. 
Dahlia glabrata. 
Dendrobium moschatum. 
Deutzia scabra. 
Elseodendron Capense. 
Elisena longipetala. 
Epidendrum patens. 
Euterpe montana. 
Francoa ramosa. 
Fuchsia fulgens. 
Gardoquia betonicoides. 
Gesneria mollis. 
Grabowskia duplicata. 
Grevillea dubia. 
Hsemanthus tenuiflorus; var. 

Helichrysum niveum. 
Herbertiapulchclla. e( cserulca. 
Hoteiu barbate. 


3828 Hymenoxys Californica. 
3842 Isomeris arborea. 

3804 Laelia anceps. 

3817 autumnalis. 

3810 — — furfuracea. 

3829 Liatris propinqua. 

3805 Macropodium nivale. 
3846 Malva lateritia. 

3814 purpurata. 

3797 Mandevilla suaveolens. 

3809 Marica humilis ; var. 2, lutea. 

3877 Maxillaria stapelioides. 

8832 Monachanthus Bushnani. 

3819 longifolius. 

3796 • roseo-albus. 

3839 Monolopia major. 

3879 Mormodes pardina; var. uni- 

8849 Musa superba. ■ 
3850 Ibid. 
3802 Myanthus spinosus. 

3806 Oncidium Huntianum. 
3645 macrantherum. 

3807 pachyphyllum. 

3854 Wrayae. 

3847 Orthosiphon incurvus. 
3820 Passiflora onychina. 
3853 Pentstemon heterophyllus. 
3833 Pimelea nana. 

3825 Rhododendron arboreum ; Cin- 
namomeum, floribus roseis. 

3311 _ Caucasicutn; 


3808 Salvia patens. 

3827 Senecio Heritieri ; var. cya- 

3840 Sida picta. 
3795 Solanum crispum. 
3872 Sprekelia Cybister. 
3803 Stenomesson ktifolium, 
3856 Stevia trachelioides. 
3316 Stylidium fasciculatum. 
3830 Tagetes corymbosa. 
3859 Tofieldia pubens. 
3851 TropaJolum brachyr 

3814 Moritzianum. 

3799 Verbasrum Tuuncmn. 
3812 Zygopetalu ii Afticanmn. 


In which the English Names of the Plants contained in the Fourteenth 
Volume of the New Series (or Sixty-seventh of the Work) are 
alphabetically arranged. 


3843 Aeschinanthus, large-flowered. 
3848 Angelonia, horn-bearing. 

3875 Anigozanthus, Mr. Mangles'. 

3858 Alkanet, petiolated-leaved. 

3859 Asphodel, American, downy- 

3831 Barringtonia, raceme-flowered. 
3818 Batemannia, Mr. Colley's. 
3863 Bomarea, simple. 
3871 < sharp-leaved ; 

speckled var. 

3876 Brachycome, Candy-tuft leaved 
3834 Calectasia, bright-blue. 

3866 Callithauma, green-flowered, 

and narrow- leaved. 
3823 Catasetum, entire-lipped. 
3813 Cereus, broad-stemmed. 

3822 splendid ; hybrid var. 

3865 Coburgia, scarlet. 

3867 three-coloured. 

3868 Crocus annulatus, Mons. 

Adam's var. 

3869 pale yellow gourd- 





3836 Cyrtochilum, spotted ; horn- 

less var. 

3826 Cystanthe, Sprengelia-like. 
3878 Dahlia, smooth, dwarf. 

3837 Dendrobium, musk-smelling. 

3838 Deutzia, rough-leaved. 
3835 Elseodendron, Cape. 

3873 Elisena, long-limbed. 

3800 Epidendrum, spreading-flow- 


3874 Euterpe, mountain. 
3802 Fly-wort, spine-bearing. 
3824 Francoa, white-flowered. 

3801 Fuchsia, the glowing. 
3860 Gardoquia, Betony-like. 
3815 Gesneria, soft-leaved. 
3841 Grabowskia, toothed. 
3798 Grevillea, dubious. 

3827 Groundsel, Heritier's ; blue- 

eyed var. 
3870 Htemanthus, narrow-flowered ; 

Mozambic var. 
3857 Helichrysum, snowy-flowered. 
' llerbertia. pretty and blue. 








Hoteia, bearded. 
Hymenoxys, Californian. 
Indian Cress, Mr. Moritz'. 


Isomeris, tree-like. 
Lselia, autumnal. 


— two-edged. 

Liatris, sharp-scale spiked. 

Macropodium, Siberian. 

Mallow, pale red-flowered. 


Mandevilla, sweet-scented. 

Marica, humble ; yellow var. 

Marygold, corymb-flowered. 

Maxillaria, Stapelia-like. 

Monk-flower, long-leaved. 

Mr. Bushnans. 

white and rose- 

Monks-hood, Chinese. 

Monolopia, larger. 

Mormodes, Leopard-spotted ; 
whole-coloured var. 

Mullein, Taurian. 

Oncidium, large-anthered. 

Mr. Hunt's. 

Mrs. Wray's. 


Orthosiphon, incurved. 

Passion-flower.Lieut. Sulivan's 

Pentstemon, various-leaved. 

Pimelea, dwarf. 

Plantain Tree, superb. 


Rhododendron Caucasicum, 
hybrid var. of. 

tree ; Cinna- 
mon-leaved var., with rose- 
coloured flowers. 

Sage, spreading. 

Sida, painted-flowered. 

Solanum, wavy. 

Sprekelia, the Tumbler. 

Stenomesson, wide-leaved. 

Stevia, trachelium-leaved. 

Stylidium, fascicled-leaved. 

Swanwort, Mr. Loddiges'; 
white-lipped var. 

Zygopetalum, African.