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In which the most Ornamental Foreign Plants cultivated in the Open Ground, 

the Green-House, and the Stove, are accurately represented and coloured. 

To which are added, 


Their Places of Growth, Times of Flowering, and most approved 
Methods of Culture. 





LLD. F. R.A. and L. S. Vice President of the Linnean Society, and 
Director of the Royal Botanic Garden of Kew. 

Or Vol. lxviu. of the whole Work. 


" These are thy glorious works, Parent of good." 


Printed by Edward Couchman, 10, Ttarogmorton Street; 




Published also by Sherwood, Gilbert & Piper, 23, Paternoster Row ; Blackwood, Edinburgh ; and in Holland, 

by Mr. Gt. Eldering, Florist, at Haarlem : 

And to be had of all Booksellers in Town and Country. 















August I, 1842. 

( 3880 ) 

Cyrtochilum iviacu latum. Spotted Cyr 


Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala lateralia patula libera. Labellum planum, ob- 
longum, saepius unguiculatum, integrum vol margin e den- 
tatum, apice angustatum, basi tuberculatum villosum aut 
pluries lamellatum. Lindl. Sert. Orchid. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Cyrtochilum maculatum; pseudo-bulbis ovatis compressis 
subangulatis diphyllis basi foliosis, foliis late hgulatis 
acuminatis striatis apice oblique emarginatis, scapo 
ramoso, bracteis brevissimis squamffiformibus, sepalis 
petalisque carnosis obovato-lanceolatis acutissimis, la- 
bello membranaceo oblongo apiculato utrinque den- 
tato lamellis duabus ad basin et corniculo utrinque, 
alis columnar falcatis integerrimis. Lindl. 

Cyrtochilum maculatum. Lindl. in Miscell. n. 39. April. 
Sert. Orchid, t. 25. Bot. Reg. 1838. t. 44. 

(|3.) foliis angustioribus, labello ad basin 4-lamellato, cor- 
niculis nullis. Hook, supra tab. 3836. 

Having already given a description, in our Table above 
quoted, of a variety of this species of Cyrtochilum, we 
scarcely need dwell upon the structure and markings ot 
this the type of the species, characterized by the very 
distinct horn-like processes of the labellum lhis diner- 
ence in the labellum, with the large panicle and larger 
blossoms, at first led to an opinion that the two might be 


vol. xv. B 

specifically distinct. The specimen was derived from the 
same source as our var. |3, namely, from the Woburn Gar- 
dens, to which the plants were sent by Mr. Parkinson. It 
is really a splendid species. 

Fig. 1 . Column and Lip : — magnified. 

~Pll?l Tnj C /Vo^»'. /Z7,, 

( 3881 ) 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord.— AcanthacEoE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cal. 5-partitus, subaequalis. Corolla infundibuliformis, 
limbo 5-fido, obtuso, aBquali. Stamina inclusa, didynama, 
humiliora saspe brevissima reflexa. Anthera mutantes ; 
locelli in connectivo uncinato glanduloso obliqui, ovati, 
membranacei. Stigma simplex, subulatum, altero latere 
crenatum. Capsula sexangularis, bivalvis, a dissepimento 
solubilis, loculis infernis dispermis. Semina discoidea, reti- 
naculis subtensa. — Inflorescentia : flores pauci in capitulo, 
bibracteolati, bracteis deciduis; rarius spicati, spica post de- 
lapsas bracteas magis elongati. Capitula pedunculata, pe- 
dunculo simplici vel diviso. Frutices, foliis penninerviis 
curvinerviis, nereis omnibus apicem patentibus, nee vero 
attingentibus . Nees. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Goldfussia glomerata ; foliis ovato-subrotundis cuspidatis 
basi obtusis inaequalibus inaequaliter grosse dentato- 
crenatis multiplinerviis spicisque axillaribus oppositis 
solitariis globosis brevissime pedunculitis hirsutis, 
bracteis lanceolatis integerrimis interioribus capitu- 
lum superantibus, caule fruticuloso hirsuto. Nees. 

Goldfussia glomerata. Nees von Esenbeck, in Wall. Plant. 
As. Rar. 3. 87. Botanist, 155. 

This ornamental plant flowered in the stove of the 
Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, in autumn, 1840. It is a 
native of the mountains of Sylhet. 


Descr. Shrub erect. Specimen described two feet high, 
branched ; branches spreading, round, swollen at the joints; 
bark pale brown, slightly warted ; twigs zigzag, green, 
glandulose, pubescent ; hairs unequal, spreading, or sub- 
reflex ed. Leaves petioled, spreading, sharply and un- 
equally serrated, dark green above, pale below, hairy on 
both sides, the hairs on the upper side springing from 
tubercles ; wide, those which are opposite very unequal to 
each other ; the larger (three and a half to four and a half 
inches long, one and three quarters to two and a half inches 
broad) ovate, acuminate, very unequal at the base, rib 
slightly excentric, veins oblique with small transverse reti- 
culations, veins prominent on the lower surface; the smaller 
leaves similar in structure and on the surface, but many 
times smaller, transversely subrotundo-kidney-shaped ; peti- 
oles short, stout, compressed dorsally, covered with pubes- 
cence similar to that on the twigs, which they encircle at 
their origin. Inflorescence tufted, axillary, bracteated : 
bracts lanceolate, serrated, erect. Calyx 5 partite, seg- 
ments resembling the bracts, and like them covered with 
harsh pubescence. Corolla (nearly two inches long, an 
inch and a quarter across when expanded) funnel-shaped, 
finely glanduloso-pubescent on the outside, wrinkled but 
glabrous within, and on the lower side in the throat having 
two rows of short, ragged tubercles ; tube curved, subcy- 
lindrical and colourless in its lower, dilated and lilac in its 
upper part, ventricose below, somewhat flattened above; 
limb five-lobed, the lobes emarginate, spreading, the lowest 
the longest. Stamens didynamous, included, laid along the 
lower side of the corolla. Style laid between the two rows 
of tubercles on the corolla, rather longer than the stamens, 
bifid, one of the segments very short. Graham. 

Fig. 1. Calyx and Bractea. 2. Corolla laid open. 3. Pistil :— magnified. 

il l !-Tl,i,J' 

Pith hi, S. Ovrtu 

( 3882 ) 

Callistachys linearis. Red-flowered 


Class and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Leguminos^;. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx bilabiatus, labio sup. bifido, infer, tripartite. Cor. 
vexillo erecto et petalis carina? demissis inter se aequalibus 
longiore. Stam. disco inserta ! Stylus incurvus. Stigma 
simplex acutum. Legumen stipitatum lignosum apice de- 
hiscens, Junius multiloculare septulis transversis demum 
evanidis, polyspermurn. — Frutices Australasici. Folia ver- 
ticillata aut sparsa, Integra, subtus sericea. Racemi termi- 
nates, conferti. Calyces et fructus villosissimi. Flores 
lutei. De Cand. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Callistachys linearis; foliis elongatis linearibus mucro- 
natis reticulatis margine revolutis, racemis laxiusculis 
terminalibus. Benth. 

Callistachys linearis. Benth. in Hugel, Enum. Plant. Nov. 
Roll. p. 27. 

Callistachys sordida. Graham MSS. 

This species is interesting as presenting an unusual co- 
lour in the Genus, but its blossoms greatly disappointed the 
expectations raised by the name, " Crimson Callistachys/' 
under which it had been received at the garden ot the 
Caledonian Horticultural Society. It flowered there m 
October, 1840, and has no pretensions to beauty It was 
received both at the establishment mentioned, and at the 
Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, from Mr. Low of Clapto^m 

1839, and was raised by him from seeds received from Mr. 
Drummond at Swan River * settlement, Australia. 

Descr. Shrub erect; branches long and slender, gla- 
brous, excepting towards the extremities, where there are a 
few appressed hairs. Leaves (four to six inches long) scat- 
tered, ovato-linear, the lowest by much the broadest, en- 
tire and revolute in the sides, glabrous above, with ap- 
pressed somewhat silky hairs below, having a strong middle 
rib channelled in front, and numerous oblique veins. Peti- 
oles short, round. Stipules subulate, erect, persisting. 
Racemes solitary, terminal : rachis slightly hairy, somewhat 
angled, and like the branches thickly covered with small, 
dark green spots. Flowers numerous, pedicellate ; pedicels 
solitary, scattered, short, spreading, silky, rising from the 
axil of an obovato-acuminate, caducous bract. Calyx nearly 
thrice as long as the pedicel, silky, bilabiate ; lips nearly 
equal in length, the upper having two blunt, short, slightly 
divaricated teeth, the lower cut to its base, with three 
ovato-acuminate, inflected segments. Corolla about one- 
third longer than the calyx, of a dirty purple colour; vexil- 
lum subrotund, auricled at the base, without any callosity ; 
claw greenish-yellow ; alee rather shorter than the vexillum, 
and of darker colour, falcato-oblong, with an incurved 
auricle as long as the claw on the upper edge, and a short, 
straight tooth, farther from the claw on the lower ; keel 
equal in length to the alee, blunt, its petals cohering only 
in the middle, its claws distinct. Stamens included, some- 
what unequal, nearly as long as the keel, free, glabrous ; 
filaments colourless; anthers yellow ; pollen pale. Pistil as 
long as the stamens ; stigma terminal, minute ; style subu- 
late, glabrous ; germen silky, stipitate, surrounded by a 
callous ring, into which the calyx and corolla are inserted, 
unilocular in every stage examined. Graham. 

* It was first found by Mr. Fraser in the Swan River colony, and sub- 
sequently by Mr. Collie, at Freemantle. — Ed. 

Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Calyx with Stamens and Pistil. 3. Pistil: mag- 



Pith ~bv S.Ourtu f71, 

: /<.?€. 

( 3883 ) 

Stylidium ciliatum. Ciliated-leaved 


Class and Order. 
Gynandria Diandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — StylidiejE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cali/cis limbus bilabiatus. Cor. irregularis 5-fida, laci- 
nia quinta (labello) dissirnili minore saepius deflexa, reli- 
quis patentibus interdum geminatim cohaerentibus. Co- 
lumna genitalium reclinata duplici flexura. Antherce bi- 
lobae lobis divaricatissimis. Stigma obtusum indivisum. 
Capsula bilocularis septo superne interdum incompleto. — 
Herbae aut suffruticuli. Folia aut radicalia rosulata aut 
secus caulem sparsa, interdum basi attenuata. Pili sapius 
apice glandulosi. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Stylidium citiatum ; foliis linearibus ciliatis apice piliferis, 
scapo floribusque pilis luteis glandulosis vestitis, rachi 
villosissimo, panicula pyramidata. Lindl. 

Stylidium ciliatum. Lindl. in Swan River Bot. p. xxviii. 

Stylidium setigerum. Be Cand. Prodr. v. 7. App. p. 782. 

In Professor Lindley's valuable " Sketch of the Botany 
of the Swan River Colony," he states that " of the singular 
Order Stylidie^e (chiefly composed of the present Genus,) 
the Swan River colony produces a greater proportion than 
any other settlement, he himself possessing not less than 
forty of its well-marked species ; while Baron Hugel de- 
scribes others with which he is unacquainted ; and by far 
the larger part of these he considers well worthy of cul- 
tivation." Our own Herbarium, so rich in this family, will 


amply confirm this statement of Dr. Lindley. One of the 
species he describes is now in cultivation by Mr. Lowe of 
Clapton, and to him we are indebted for the beautiful spe- 
cimen here figured. It is extremely different, especially in 
the colour of its flowers, from any species yet introduced to 
our greenhouses. 

Descr. Root fibrous, but we presume, perennial. Leaves 
almost all springing from the top of the root, rosulate, very 
densely imbricated, the lower ones spreading on the ground, 
the inner ones nearly erect, all of them linear, compressed, 
ciliated, and tipped with a hair-like point. Scape with a 
few small, scattered, nearly appressed leaves, everywhere, 
as well as the pedicels, calyx, and outside of the corolla, 
clothed with long, spreading hairs, tipped with a brown, 
viscid gland. Panicle many-flowered. Ovary oblong. 
Calyx-segments of the same shape. Corolla and column 
yellow, exhibiting the usual structure of the Genus. 

Fig. 1. Side view, and fig. 2, front view of a Flower: magnified. 


'ihii M-N 

( 3884 ) 

Pentstemon campanulatus. Bell- 
flowered Pentstemon. 


Class and Order. 

( Nat. Ol'd. ScROPHULARINEiE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cat. pentaphyllus aut 5-partitus, bractea solitaria dis- 
tante. Cor. ventricosa., bilabiata. Stamina didynama, ru- 
dimento quinti filiformi saepius barbato. Antherce sejunctae 
saepius glabrae. Caps, ovata, bilocularis, bivalvis, poly- 
sperma. Semina angulata. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Pentstemon campanulatus; glaber, caule herbaceo, foliis e 
lata basi lanceolatis acuminatis serratis sessilibus sum- 
mis ovatis, pedunculis bracteatis bifloris racemosis seu 
fere paniculatis, floribus subsecundis, calycibus serra- 
tis, corollae fauce hirsuta, filainento sterili apice cla- 
vato hirsuto longitudine staminum. 

Pentstemon campanulatus. Willd. Sp. PL v. 3. p. 228. 

Chelone campanulata. Cav. Ic. v. 1. t. 29. Andr. Bot. 
Rep. t. 49. Spreng. Syst. Veget. v. 2. p. 813. 

(/3.) angustifolia ; foliis angustioribus. 

Chelone angustifolia. Humb. et Kunth, Nov. Gen. Am. 
t. 173. 

Sent from Mexico to the rich collection at Woburn, 
whence the specimen here figured was communicated by 
Mr. Forbes in the autumn of 1839. The plant is not of 
recent introduction to our gardens, for it was figured by 
Andrews in an early part of his Repository, though that 
plate represents a very narrow-leaved variety. It is with 
that varietvthat Dr. Lindley's Pentstemon pulchellus (Bot. 
J Reg. 

Reg. t. 1138) has the greatest affinity. It is a very orna- 
mental species, but, probably, rather tender. At Woburn 
it is, we believe, cultivated in the greenhouse. 

Descr. Root perennial. Stem herbaceous, rounded, 
glabrous. Leaves opposite, sessile, lanceolate, broad at the 
base, much acuminated and strongly serrated from the base 
to the very apex; gradually, towards the upper part of the 
stem, the leaves become smaller, and, in proportion, broad- 
er, till at length they constitute ovate bracteas. From the 
axils of these leaves the bracteated peduncles arise, each 
generally with two branches, and two rather large, hand- 
some flowers, which are subsecund. Thus the inflorescence 
may be called a compound raceme, or a narrow panicle. 
Calyx of five serrated segments. Corolla rose-purple, pale 
beneath, narrow at the base, the rest of the tube campanu- 
late, inflated below, the limb spreading, of five roundish 
lobes: the faux hairy. Sterile filament equal in length 
with the fertile ones, clubbed at the apex and hairy ; all 
of them included. 

Fig. 1. Calyx and Pistil. 2. Stamens and sterile Filament : magnified 

WTitih JJ r 

1'nl U 

hi M-l 

( 3885 ) 

Epidendrum Grahami. Dr. Graham's 


Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — ORCHiDEiE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala patentia subaequalia. Petala sepalis requalia v. 
angustiora rarius latiora, patentia v. reflexa. Labellum 
cum marginibus columns omnino vel parte connatum ; 
limbo integro v. diviso; disco sspius calloso, costato v. 
tuberculato ; nunc in calcar productum ovario accretum et 
cunicnlum formans. Columna elongata; clinandrio mar- 
ginato saepe fimbriato. Anthera carnosa, 2— 4-loculans. 
Pollinia 4, caudiculis totidem replicatis annexa.— Herbs 
(Americance) epiphytce, caule nunc apice v. basi pseudo-bul- 
boso, nunc elongato apice folioso. Folia carnosa, rarissime 
venis elevatis striata. Flores spicati, racemosi, corymbosi 
vel paniculati, terminalesv. laterales. Lindl. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Epidendrum (Encyclium) Grahami; pseudo-bulbis ovatis 
diphyllis, scapo terminali, racemo plurifloro, perian- 
thio patente, sepalis lato-linearibus, petalis spathulatis, 
labello trilobo basi longe bilamellato, laciniis latera- 
libus ovatis acutis, intermedia rotundata crispata, co- 
lumna apice utrinque dente obtuso, anthera profunde 

For this very pretty species of Epidendrum, belonging to 
the group Encyclium, I am indebted to Dr. Graham, who 
sent me the specimen here figured in the autumn of 1S4U. 
I cannot find any described species with which it cor- 

responds. It was received at the Edinburgh Botanic Gar- 
den from Mexico, and well deserves a place in every col- 
lection of Orchideous Epiphytes. 

Descr. The pseudo-bulbs are ovate, nearly smooth, pale 
green, about the size of a pigeon's egg, bearing two, broad- 
ly-linear or almost ligulate, somewhat obtuse and coriace- 
ous leaves. Scape a foot and a half high, about as thick as 
a crow's quill, bracteated, bearing from eight to ten rather 
large flowers in a lax raceme. Perianth much spreading, 
yellowish-green, tinged with brown ; sepals nearly equal, 
broadly-linear, rather acute. Petals equal to them in 
length, spathulate. Lip deeply three-lobed, with two long- 
white, prominent lamella at the base, the side lobes yellow, 
ovate, acute, vertical, or almost convolute, so as to embrace 
the column, the middle one very large, nearly orbicular, 
waved at the margin, white, beautifully streaked with red. 
Column semiterete, having, on each side above, an obtuse 
tooth. Anther-case with a deep furrow in the middle. 

Fig. 1. Column and Anther. 2. Labellum -.—magnified. 

SCurtii lif.r.,inr ■ , 

( 3886 ) 

Gesneria bulbosa. Bulbous-rooted 

& ■'i". .S^i .'SI'. ."fr. .SK ■St'. ■St'. ■SI'. .SI", .St'. ,SI / . .SK ■'i'. -St'. -SI". A -Sfo &i 
•jjc vf? vt> vjs" 7|S* t]S" ^f.* vjs* '/^s* vjx* '/fr 7^" v|S vf* Tfr vf. */f? "4? vfr 

C7#ss c«d Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Gesneriaceje. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx ovarii basi adnatus, limbo 5-partito libero. Co- 
rolla tubulosa; limbo 5-lobo,, lobis nunc in labia duo dis- 
poses, nunc subaequalibus. Stamina 4 didynama, cum 
quinti rudimento. Anthera juniores cohaerentes. Stylus 
filiformis, stigmate capitato aut bilobo. Glandulce peri- 
gynae 2 ad 5. Capsula coriacea, bivalvis, valvis convexis, 
placentis 2 parietalibus polyspermis. Semina scobiformia. 
— Herbae perennes, radice tuberosa, rarius frutices. Caul is 
simplex aut opposite ramosus. Folia opposita aut verticil- 
lata, dentata. Pedunculi simplices uniflori, aut ramosi mul- 
tijlori, axillares aut in thyrsum racemumve terminalem dis- 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Gesneria bulbosa ; pubescenti-villosa, caule erecto tereti, 
foliis oppositis breviter petiolatis ovato-ellipticis basi 
cordatis serrato-crenatis, cymis multifloris ex axillis 
foliorum suprernorum in thyrsum terminalem amplum 
dispositis corolla vix brevioribus, calycis lobis latis 
brevibus, corollae cylindraceae basi 5-gibbosae labio 
superiore longe productiore. 

Gesneria bulbosa. Gaicl. in Bot. Reg. t. 343 (not Hook, in 
Bot. Mag. t. 3041. J De Cand. Prodr. v. 7. p. 529. 

We figured at t. 3041 of the Botanical Magazine, under 
the name of Gesneria bulbosa, a species closely resem- 
bling it in most of the importaut characters, but which has 


vol. xv. c 

since been distinguished under the name of G. Suttoni, 
chiefly on account of its one-flowered peduncles. We now 
represent the true G. bulbosa, with many-flowered cymes, 
from a specimen received from John Allcard, Esq., who 
imported it from Brazil, and in whose stove it flowered 
magnificently in October, 1840. 

Descr. Tuber large, rounded. Stem erect, herbaceous, 
simple, about two feet high, downy. Leaves opposite, 
on short petioles, large, broadly ovato-cordate, crenately 
toothed, thick and downy on both sides. Panicle ter- 
minal, ample, crowded, consisting of a considerable number 
of opposite cymes, each cyme bearing on a short, common 
peduncle, six to ten or more splendidly-coloured, scarlet 
Jlowers. Bracteas small, nearly cordate, entire. Calyx five- 
cleft, the segments broad and rather short, and covered 
with a red, glandular tomentum. Corolla three inches 
long, rich scarlet, tubular, enlarged upward, contracted 
just above the base, the very base inflated with five lobes 
or protuberances, the whole corolla covered with a fine 
down. Stamens inserted in the base of the tube ; filaments 
arched upwards and meeting; anthers slightly cohering in 
the form of a cross. Germen nearly half free ; the lower 
half imbedded in the tube of the calyx, downy and red. 
Glands two, yellow. Style downy. Stigma broad, obtuse, 
very slightly two-lobed. 

( 3887 ) 

tulipa tricolor. three-coloured 


Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Liliace«;. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium inferum, campanulatum, hexaphyllum. 
Stylus nullus. Semina plana. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Tulipa tricolor; bulbo solitario, caule unifloro subdiphyllo, 
foliis oblongo-linearibus, petalis acutis, interioribus 
latioribus basi ciliatis, filamentis supra basin barbatis 
alternis longioribus pistillo parum brevioribus, cap- 
sula triquetral mucronata. Ledebour. 

Tulipa tricolor. Ledeb. Ic. PL Fl. Ross. Alt. Must. t. 135. 
Ibid. FL Altaica, 2. 33. Graham, in Edin. New Phil. 
Journ. January, 1836. 

Tulipa patens. Agardh, in Schult. Syst. Veget. 7. part. I. 
p. 384. 

This species has, during several years, flowered in April 
in the interesting collection of bulbous-rooted plants at 
Carlowrie, the seat of David Falconer, Esq., who has been 
long remarkable for the success with which he cultivates, 
and the liberality with which he distributes, many hardy 
plants of great beauty and interest. 

Ledebour notices the near relationship of the present 
plant to Tulipa biflora, and, I confess that, had it not been 
for his authority, the native individuals which I have re- 
ceived from himself and from Dr. Fischer, with the culti- 
vated specimens of Mr. Falconer, and the native ones of 

T. biflora which I owe to Dr. Fischer, and those grown in 
the Botanic Garden here, might have left me in doubt 
whether they should be considered more thau varieties. 
Among my own specimens, the distinction seems to rest 
chiefly on all the parts of the flower in Tulipa biflora being 
smaller, the petals less pointed, and the outer more neatly 
equal to the inner in breadth, and rather longer than they. 
I have had no means of judging as to the ripe fruit ; the 
germen seems alike in the two. Tulipa tricolor is a native 
of dry, stony places on the sides of the Altai mountains. 
T. biflora is from Astrachan. 

Descr. Bulb ovate, about the size of a filbert, covered 
with a brown skin. Stalk glabrous, erect, green, longer 
thau the leaves. Leaves (five inches and a half long, three 
(or more) lines broad) two in the specimen described and in 
all the native specimens which I have seen, the upper one 
the narrowest, glabrous, glaucous, and slightly channelled 
in front, green and somewhat keeled behind, subacute and 
callous at the apex. Flowers suberect. Petals lanceolate, 
acute; outer petals narrower and rather shorter, greenish on 
the outside, within white, and yellow at the base, every- 
where glabrous, striated ; inner petals (an inch and a quarter 
long, five lines broad) white, yellow at the base, ciliated at 
the claws, everywhere else glabrous, striated with faint, 
diverging lines, the middle rib being green. Stamens alter- 
nately longer, all about half as long as the petals, yellow; 
filament subulate, flattened, broadest above the base, and 
there hairy on the outside, narrower and nearly colourless 
below; anthers oblong, erect, nearly equal in length to the 
shorter filaments ; pollen yellow, granules oblong. Pistil 
scarcely exceeding in length the shorter filaments, three- 
sided, pyramidal ; stigma of three obscure lobes. Ovules 
numerous, imbricated. Graham. 

Fig. 1. Sepal. 2. Stamens. 3. Pistil: magnified. 


jna br/ S. Curtis 


( 3888 ) 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Orel. — Bignoniace^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cal. campanulatus, integerrimus, repandus vel subden- 
tatus. Cor. cam pan u lata, limbo bilabiato, 5-lobo. Fila- 
mentum 5 sterile. Stigma bilamellatum. Capsula siliquae- 
formis, bilocularis, dissepimento valvis parallelo. Semina 
transversa, biseriata, membranaceo-alata. 

Specific Character. 

Bignonia speciosa ; foliis binatis cirrhiferis foliolis obovato- 
oblongis lucidis, pedunculis terminalibus bifloris, sta- 
minibus pistillisque inclusis. 

This is a very ornamental species, when trained along 
the roof of a stove. A plant was received at the garden of 
the Caledonian Horticultural Society from Woburn Abbey 
in November, 1839, and flowered in April and May, 1841. 
It had been imported under the name here adopted from 
Mr. Tweedie at Buenos Ayres, having been found by him 
in Uraguay. 

Descr. Stem long, straggling, woody, climbing. Leaves 
petiolate; petioles (four lines and a half long) opposite, 
spreading wide, bearing at the apex two leaflets, and hav- 
ing a long, simple cirrhus between these ; leaflets (about 
three inches long, an inch and a half broad) undulate, ellip- 
tical, glabrous, shining, bright green, reticulate, on two 
slightly unequal, partial petioles, less than half the length 
of the general petioles, midrib prominent behind ; petiole, 


cirrhus, and one of the leaflets occasionally wanting', when 
the other leaflet is attached to the branch by its partial 
petiole only ; leaves when very young", as well as the young 
branches, the general and partial petioles, covered with 
short, soft pubescence. Stipules several, lanceolate, slightly 
coloured, scattered upon the common petiole, caducous. 
Flowers large and handsome, geminate, terminal, erect, 
pedicelled, the one expanding rather before the other. 
Peduncles (one inch long) erect, parallel. Calyx campa- 
nulate, green, glabrous, with six (five ?) shallow sinuosities, 
alternating with an equal number of long, subulate or fila- 
mentous teeth. Corolla (nearly three inches long, and two 
across when fully expanded) covered within and without 
with short pubescence; tube compressed dorsally, having 
three longitudinal plaits below, yellowish on the outside, of 
brighter yellow within, and streaked with lilac ; limb bila- 
biate, two-thirds lobed, lilac, paler on the outside, and 
having darker veins within, lobes blunt, undulate, the upper 
reflected, the lower longer reflected towards the apex, the 
two outer of the three repand. Stamens colourless and gla- 
brous, the outer reaching to about the middle of the tube, 
the two others more than half as long, forming two arches 
by the approximation of the anthers, the lobes of which are 
divaricated; pollen pale yellow, abortive stamen more than 
a third of the length of the shortest pair, subulate and 
waved. Pistil rather longer than the longest stamens ; 
stigma bilamellate, the lamellae subequal, crenulate, and 
slowly excitable by being touched ; germen pale yellow, 
slightly furrowed on two sides, minutely waited, every 
other part of the pistil glabrous, bilocular; dissepiment in- 
serted opposite to the furrows. Ovules numerous. Graham. 

Fig. 1. Stamens. 2. Calyx and Pistil. 3. Ovary : — magnified. 


( 3889 ) 

Pernettia angustifolia. Narrow-leaved 



Class and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Ericine^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 5-partitus. Corolla hypogyna, ovata, limbo 5-fido. 
Stamina 10, imae corollae inserta, inclusa. Filamenta sub- 
ulata. Anthera dorso muticae, apice bifida^ lobis biaris- 
tatis. Squamulce hypogynae 10, basi connatae. Ovarium 
5-loculare, loculis multiovulatis. Stylus simplex. Stigma 
obtusum. Bacca globosa, 5-locularis, placentis angulo 
centrali adnatis. Semina plurima, testa crassa.— Frutices 
parvi sempervirentes. Folia alterna serrata. Flores nu- 
tantes, precipue albi. Endl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Pernettia angustifolia; erecta ramosa, ramulis minutis- 
sime puberulis angulatis, foliis lineari-lanceolatis, mu- 
cronato-acuminatis remote serratis glabris 1-neryiis, 
pedicellis axillaribus solitariis unifloris folio dimidio 
brevioribus glabriusculis nudis, basi ima tantum brac- 
teolatis. Lindley. 

Pernettia angustifolia. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. Ann. 1840. 

We received this plant at the Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 
from Mr. Cameron of the Botanic Garden at Birmingham, 
who has a greater number of the species of this Genus than 
would be found in any other collection, were it not for the 
liberality of the establishment which he superintends. It 
has repeatedly flowered freely with us without any parti- 
1 J cular 

cular treatment, and is believed to be a native of Valdivia, 
introduced, probably, by Mr. Cuming. 

Descr. Shrub erect, branched, glabrous ; twigs red. 
Leaves scattered, narrow-lanceolate, glabrous, spreading, 
and arched backwards, dark green above, paler below, per- 
sisting, coriaceous, distantly tooth -serrated along the whole 
of the edge which is callous, midrib conspicuous behind on 
account of its subdiaphanous appearance there, but obscure 
in front, lateral veins very obscure. Pedicels axillary, soli- 
tary, single-flowered, collected and often crowded towards 
the extremities of the shoots, about half as long as the 
lower leaves, longer thau the diminished upper leaves, 
white, glabrous, cased at their origin by several adpressed, 
imbricated, oval scales. Flowers cemuous. Calyx per- 
sisting, white, glabrous, 5-partite, tumid at the base, seg- 
ments of the limb ovate, adpressed. Corolla white, sub- 
orbicular, about three times as long as the calyx, its limb 
consisting of five, ovate, reflected teeth. Stamens half as 
long as the corolla, from the base of which they arise, alter- 
nately longer, the shortest about as long as the calyx ; fila- 
ments white, dilated into a circular base ; anthers brown, 
opening by two pores, each of which has two short, erect, 
awns, from its outer edge. Hypogynous gland green, ten- 
lobed. Pistil scarcely longer than the stamens ; germen 
green, subglobular, obscurely lobed, five-locular ; style 
stout, erect ; stigma blunt. Graham. 

Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Calyx and Germen. 3. Stamen -.-^magnified. 



Bti 1 1, S 


( 3890 ) 

Oncidium monoceras. One-horned 


Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^:. ) 

Generic Character. 

Labellum explanatum, lobatum, basi tuberculatum. Pe- 
tala patentia (2 antica nunc connata). Columna alata. 
Massce pollinis 2, postice bilobae ; medio affixae processu 
com muni stigmatis. Br. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Oncidium monoceras ; pseudo-bulbo oblongo compresso 
sulcato uni-bifolio, foliis oblongo-lanceolatis coriaceis 
nitidis, floribus paniculatis, sepalis (viridibus) lanceo- 
latis inferioribus coadunatis, petalis obovato-spathu- 
latis, labello trilobo disco cornu elongato sursum cur- 
vato, columna gracili elongata aptera. 

This is one of the many species of small-flowered Oncidia 
which, at first sight, seem to have little that is beautiful or 
singular to recommend them ; but which, when carefully ex- 
amined, will be found to possess a very remarkable structure 
in the flowers. The present exhibits on the upper side of 
the disk of the labellum a solitary horn, curved upwards, 
and almost as long as the lip itself. It was sent by Mr. 
Hunt from Rio Janeiro to His Grace the Duke of Bedford, 
in September, 1839, and it flowered in great perfection in 
January of the following year, when the specimen here 
figured was sent to us by Mr. Forbes. This is not, indeed, 
the only specimen we are acquainted with furnished with 
this horn-like process from the lip : we possess the drawing 


of another species, which flowered at Glasgow in the autumn 
of last year, sent from the Organ Mountains by Mr. Gard- 
ner, which has a horn very similar to this : but it is in other 
respects very different, especially in the presence of two 
blunt, horn-shaped processes on the column. 

Descr. Pseudo-bulb three inches long, oblong, com- 
pressed and furrowed. Leaf owe, or, probably, more fre- 
quently, two, five to six inches long, oblong, lanceolate, 
coriaceous, glossy. Peduncle from the base of the pseudo- 
bulb, soon branching into a panicle. Flowers small. Se- 
pals lanceolate, green, the two lateral, or lower ones, com- 
bined almost to the apex : the upper one erect, leaning, as 
it were, against the column. Petals narrow obovate, waved, 
yellow blotched with rust colour. Lip three-lobed, yellow, 
blotched with red in the disk ; the lateral lobes small, nar- 
row, intermediate one narrow at the base, but gradually 
widening so as to become transversely rhomboidal, notched 
at the apex : at the base of the disk "is a sharp, transverse, 
elevated ridge, and within a long, subulate, curved horn, 
pointing upwards. Column green, slender, elongated, quite 
destitute of wing, acute at the point. Anther-case small, 
lodged in front a little below the point. 

Fig. 1. Posterior view of a Flower. 2. Anterior view of ditto: magnified. 


FuJ> iy S Curds 


( 3891 ) 

Physianthus auricomus. Golden-haired 


Class and Order. 
Pentandria Digynia. 

( Nat. Old. AsCLEPIADEiE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cor. campanulata, tubo inflato-ventricoso, limbo 5-fido 
connivente. Columna fructijicationis inclusa pentaphylla, 
foliolis tubo stamineo insertis, deinde corollas adnatis, 
sursum liberis cucullatis. Antherce mem bran a terminatae. 
Pollinis massce decern, cereaceae, compresso-clavatae, in 
cruribus retinaculi deflexis pendulae. Stigma biapiculatum. 
Semina comosa. Martins. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Physianthus auricomus; caule volubili piloso, foliis obo- 
vatis acuminatis basi cordatis, floribus umbellatis pe- 
dunculo petiolis multo longiore, stigmate inappendi- 
culato. Graham. 

I first saw this handsome climber extending across the 
rafters from end to end of a stove in the garden at Hales, 
near Liverpool, the seat of Blackburn, Esq., in Octo- 
ber, 1837. It was covered with blossom, each flower re- 
maining long in perfection. I could not ascertain from 
whence it had been imported, but it is certainly identical 
with Gardner's wild specimens collected in the province of 
Ceara, Brazil. A cutting from the Hales plant flowered in 
the Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, in October, 1840; but it 
will never be seen in the same perfection as at Hales, unless, 
as there, it be planted in a border under glass, not kept in 
a pot. 

Descr. Stem woody, with milky juice, twining, densely 
covered with spreading, harsh, yellow hairs. Leaves (three 
to four and a half inches long, two to two and three quar- 
ters broad) petioled, obovate, acuminate, cordate at the 


greatly narrowed base, hairy on both sides, the hairs on the 
midrib being longer than the rest and like those on the 
stem, entire, undulate, rather paler below than above ; pe- 
tiole about one-fifth part of the length of the leaf, chan- 
nelled above, spreading, very hairy on the back. Peduncles 
lateral in reference to the petioles, half as long as, or equal- 
ling the length of the leaf, hairy, umbellate ; flowers ex- 
panding in succession; bracts involucrate, ovato-lanceolate, 
acuminate, deciduous; pedicels about one-third of the 
length of the peduncle, less hairy. Calyx 5-partite ; seg- 
ments ovato-lanceolate, acuminate, slightly hairy, conni- 
vent, veined. Corolla (an inch and a quarter long, an inch 
and a half across) perfumed, white, somewhat fleshy, funnel- 
shaped, having a very few erect hairs near the throat, every- 
where else glabrous ; tube longer than the calyx, swollen 
below, and having five gibbosities alternating with the 
segments of the calyx, scarcely angled above, faintly mark- 
ed with greenish veins on the outside; limb five-parted, 
segments ovate, spreading and reflected. Crown of five 
linear-oblong, green, flat, fleshy segments, erect in the 
tube of the corolla, to which they are adpressed, in their 
lower half adherent by their backs, and alternate with 
its gibbosities, shorter than the tube. Stamens mona- 
delphous, opposite to the lobes of the crown, and subsessile 
upon a fleshy mass on the inside of the base of each of these, 
each terminated by an ovate, thin and colourless, membran- 
ous appendage, which is spread upon the side of the stigma 
alternately with small, dark purple, rhomboid glands, which 
are split vertically on the outer side, and have suspended 
from them, by short, straight arms, two flattened, elliptical, 
yellow pollen-masses, which are lodged in cavities on the 
inside of the base of the membranous appendages. Each 
stamen has two yellow, cartilaginous spurs, involute in the 
edges, and projecting downwards by the side of the short, 
stout, herbaceous filament, into cavities alternating with the 
fleshy masses on the inside of the segments of the crown, 
from which the stamens arise, so that in each cavity there is 
a spur from two adjoining stamens ; and as the glands are 
immediately above these spurs, the pollen-masses from each 
belong to two stamens. Stigma large, white, angled upon 
the sides from the indentation of the stamens, rounded on 
the top, without any appendages. Styles two, short, erect, 
parallel, yellow. Ovules very numerous, slender, attached 
to large receptacles from the inside of the germen. Graham. 

Fig. 1. Crown. 2. The same laid open. 3. Stamen. 4. Pollen-masses. 5. Pistils: 

( 3892 ) 

Sida (Abutilon) Bedfordiana. Duke of 
Bedford's Sida. 

Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Malvace/E. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx nudus, 5-fidus, saepe aiigulatus. Stylus apice mul- 
tifidus. Carpella capsularia 5 — 30 circa axim verticillata, 
plus minusve inter se coalita, 1-locularia, mono- aut oli«>o- 
sperma, apice mutica aut aristata. D C. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Sida (Abutilon) Bedfordiana; subarborea, ramis teretibus 
glabris, foliis profunde cordatis acuminatis serratis gla- 
bris longe petiolatis 7-nerviis, pedunculis axillaribus 
solitariis vel 2 erectis lougitudine foliorum infra caly- 
cem articulatis, calyce pulverulento-pubescente brevi- 
urceolato basi truucato intruso fere ad medium quin- 
quefido laciniis acuminatis reflexis, petalis concavis 
erecto-pateutibus imbricatis brevi-unguiculatis latis- 
sime suborbiculatis pictis, ovariis tomeutosis, stylo 
multifido, fructibus pubescentibus. 

A small tree, about fifteen feet high, discovered in the 
Organ Mountains* of Brazil by Mr. Gardner, in May, 
1837, and thence sent to his friends and patrons in this 
country, among others to the most distinguished and most 
munificent of those patrons, His Grace the late Duke of 
Bedford, in whose collection, now inherited by the present 


* It is No. 320 of Mr. Gardner's Brazilian Collection. 

Duke, its large and truly beautiful flowers were expanded 
in November, 1840. I have thought it worthy to bear the 
name of this illustrious family, and to commemorate thereby 
the services rendered to Botanical science by the present 
possessors of Woburn, under whose auspices the collection 
of plants is maintained with undiminished splendour. 

It will be at once seen that this belongs to the Abutilon 
group, or Genus, as it is now almost universally considered, 
of Sida, and that its affinity is with Sida picta, figured 
by us in the number of the Magazine for October, 1840, 
(Tab. 3840,) but from which it is abundantly distinct, espe- 
cially in the form of the calyx and petals. 

Descr. A small tree, with rounded, glabrous branches. 
Leaves also glabrous, the older ones of very large size, the 
others smaller, all of them deeply cordate, acuminate, 
bluntly dentato-serrate, seven-nerved, the principal nerves 
united by numerous transverse ones. Peduncles as long as, 
or longer than the leaf. Stipules small, subulate, soon 
deciduous. Peduncles from the axils of the younger leaves, 
and about equal in length with those leaves, solitary, or 
more frequently two together, erect, furnished with a joint 
(whence the flower often falls before it has ripened fruit), 
glabrous. Calyx clothed with minute pulverulent down, 
short and broad, urceolate, truncated and even indented at 
the base where the peduncle is inserted, contracted at the 
mouth ; cut nearly half-way down into five, reflexed, acute 
segments. Petals large, handsome, yellow, richly veined 
with blood colour, broadly rotundate, concave, erecto- 
patent, imbricating with the edges, suddenly contracted 
into a short, broad claw, which has a glandular depression. 
Stamens about equal in length with the corolla : anthers 
numerous. Ovaries densely woolly. Style divided from 
below the middle into a number of slender, filiform 
branches, each tipped with a capitate, yellow stigma. Fruit 
(as in the native specimens gathered by Mr. Gardner) 
large, of many compressed, downy carpels or follicles. 

Fig. 1. Petal. 2. Ovaries : magnified. 


( 3893 ) 



Class and Order. 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Pittospore^. ) 
Generic Character. 

Calyx minimus, quinquepartitus, laciniis aequalibus. Pc- 
tala 5, aequalia, spathulata unguibus linearibus basi conni- 
ventia, apice campanulato-patentia. Stamina 5, hypogyua, 
adscendentia ; antherce ovatae, obtusae, basi emarginata m- 
sertae, longitudinaliter dehiscentes. Ovarium declinatum, 
oblonVimrcompressum, biloculare. Ovula in loculis plu- 
rima, biseriata, anatropa. Stylus filiformis subfalcatus, ova- 
rio continuus; stigma capitatum. Fructus Hugel. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Marianthus * cceruleo-punctatus ; ramis pubescentibus fili- 
formibus longissimis volubilibus, foliis brevi-petiolatis 
evanescente villosiusculis inferioribus spathulatis bre- 
vissime acutis grosse serrato-dentatis ant pmnatisectis 
superioribus oblongis utrinque acutis integemmis, pe- 
dunculis solitariis pubescentibus m apice ramulorum 
oppositifoliis corymbosis 7—19 Boris, flonbus pallide 
violaceis, foliolis calycis pilosis, corolla? petalis oblongis 
acutissimis 3 superioribus medio expallentibus ca3tuleo- 
punctatis, antheris caeruleis. Link, Klotz., et Otto 

Marianthus casruleo-punctatus. Link, Klotz. Sch Otto, 
Icon. PL Rar. Hort. Reg. Bot. Berol p. ^S t \£. 
Drummond Swan River, PL No. 3, in Herb. Hooker. 

This very curious and interesting plant flowered in the 
stove of Mr. Cunningham's Nursery, Comely Bank Edin- 
burgh, in March, 1841, 1 believe for the first tune in Britain, 
and very soon after it flowered in the greenhouse of the 
J Royal 

* I am unacquainted with the derivation of this word Probably how- 
ever, it is dedicated to the Virgin Mary, on account of the pure whiteness 
of the blossoms of the first discovered species. 

Royal Botanic Garden. These were weak specimens; and 
neither from them, nor even from the Berlin figure quoted 
above,, could I have had any idea of the beauty of the spe- 
cies. The specimen in Sir William Hooker's Herbarium, 
however, from which in part the accompanying figure is 
taken, shows how very ornamental the plant will be as soon 
as the best mode of cultivating it shall be ascertained. Both 
Mr. Cunningham's specimen, and those which we possess in 
the Botanic Garden, were obtained from Mr. Lowe of 
Clapton, who informs me that he raised it in 1839 u from 
seed received from Mr. William Morison of the Swan 
River Settlement, and marked Sollya, or Billardiera sp., 
from the Darling range of Mountains." The Clapton 
nursery is distinguished by many seedling novelties from 
the same settlement. 

Descr. Stem slender, woody, branched, twining, having adpressed 
pubescence. Leaves (two inches long, half an inch broad) nearly ses- 
sile, scattered, spreading, green, paler behind, covered on both sides with 
long, subappressed, somewhat deciduous hairs ; the upper lanceolato- 
elliptical, entire, the lower spathulate, inciso-serrated; midrib channelled 
in front, prominent behind, veins oblique, seen chiefly behind, slightly 
reticulated. Stipules none. Peduncles solitary, opposite to the upper 
leaf, elongated, erect, umbellato-cymose, many-flowered, slightly covered 
with adpressed pubescence ; pedicels rather shorter than the peduncle, 
several of them simple, others irregularly divided, erect, slender, swelling 
a little at the apex. Bracts placed at the origin of the pedicels, subu- 
late, hairy, reflexed, caducous. Flowers erect, irregular. Calyx five- 
sepalous, sepals resembling the bracts, imbricated, subequal, linear-sub- 
ulate, diverging at the apices, green, covered on the outside with long, 
spreading hairs, deciduous. Corolla irregular, lilac, paler on the out- 
side, pentapetalous, hypogynous, glabrous, alternating with the sepals, 
unequal, the lowest the longest, each striated with three nerves behind, 
imbricated; claws converging into a tube, edges inflated; limb spreading, 
slightly reflexed, laminae spathulato-lanceolate, apiculate, four of them 
ascending, the whole of the lower half of the two upper, and, generally, 
half the breadth of the lower half of the two next sprinkled on the 
inside with oblong, dark lilac spots. Stamens five, all fertile, alternate 
with the petals, and half as long as them, hypogynous; filaments 
nearly colourless, ascending, glabrous, swelling a little in their lower 
half; channelled on both sides, the lowest the longest ; anthers dark 
lilac, bilocular, reflected at the apex, lobes diverging at the base, attach- 
ed in the sinus, bursting by two elongated slits, which finally extend 
along the front to the base of the lobes ; pollen-granules oblong, of dark 
lilac colour. Pistil shorter than the stamens, nearly straight ; stigma 
minute, of two at length spreading teeth ; style subulate, scarcely as- 
cending ; germen green, oblong, glabrous, shorter than the calyx, slightly 
furrowed on two sides, bilocular, raised upon a short, tumid footstalk. 
Ovules numerous, ovato-kidney-shaped, attached in the sinus by a short 
cord to an inconspicuous, central placenta. Graham. 

Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Flower with the Petals removed. 3. The same, with the Calyx 
removed. 4. Pistil. 5. Fruit. 6. Section of Fruit. 7. Seed :— magnified. 


( 3894 ) 

Hypocalyptus obcordatus. Obcordate 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Leguminos^. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx breviter 5-lobus, basi intrusa. Stamina mona- 
delpha Legumen compressum, lanceolatum.— h rutex gla- 
berrimusjoliis trifoliolatis , floribus purpureis. 

Specific Name and Synonyms. 

Hypocalyptus* obcordatus. 

Hypocalyptus obcordatus. Thunb.Fl. Cap. ed. Schult. p. 

570. De Cand. Prodr. 2. p. 135. 
Crotalaria cordifolia. Linn. Mant.Wft. 
Spartium sophoroides. Berg. Cap. iy». 

An extremely pretty and very desirable Cape plant, of 
which, so far as I know, no figure exists in any publication. 
Yet it was introduced to our gardens by Masson in 1 7W, 
and requires only the ordinary culture of Cape plants and 
the sheUer of a greenhouse to induce its flowering, and then 
continues some time in perfection. It bloomed m May and 
5une in the Glasgow Botanic Garden, where our figure was 
drawn. Eklon and Zeyher give it as an mhal .taut of 
Caledon, and I possess fine specimens from the Prussian 


Botanist, the late Mr. Mund, who gathered them both in 
flower and fruit on rocks near a stream at Kochman's Kloofs 
in October. 

Descr. Our plant constitutes a shrub, one or two feet 
high, with yirgate, angular branches, copiously leafy. 
Leaves trifoliolate, coriaceous, glaucous, obcordate, retuse 
and mucronate, glabrous, nearly sessile on a short petiole, 
penninerved, with a pair of small, membranous, deciduous 
stipules at the base of the petiole. Flowers terminal, at first 
corymbose, crowded, then lengthening into a many-flower- 
ed raceme, upon a toothed rachis, on the teeth of which the 
hairy pedicels are, as it were, articulated. Each pedicel has 
a pair of small, appressed bracteas. Calyx cup-shaped, 
singularly truncated and indented (intrusus) at the base 
where the pedicel is inserted, cut into five blunt, unequal 
teeth at the mouth, hairy. Flowers reddish-purple. Vex- 
illuin subrotundate, emarginate, with a short claw, reflexed, 
its sides bent back; on the lower disk is a large, yellowish- 
white four-lobed spot. Ala obovate, spreading in their 
lower margins, almost connivent with the upper. Carina 
acuminate, the point rising above the margins of the alae. 
Stamens monadelphous, with a fissure above. Filaments 
tree for a considerable way below the oblong anthers, ten. 
Ovary linear, containing many ovules, and acuminated into 
a long slender, style, with an obtuse stigma. The pods, 
which I have only seen on native specimens, are erect, two 
to three inches long, flat, coriaceous, glabrous, obscurely 
reticulated, brown, furnished with a thick margin at each 
edge, and terminated by the long, persistent, subulate 

3 3 ig Thc A^'/tT ^ th « ( S rolla is removed - 2 - The Vexillura 
a* IHcAIsb. 4. The Keel. 5. Pistil i—maaniHed. 




( 3895 ) 

bossiiea tenuicaulis. slender-stemmed 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — LEGUMiNosiE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx bilabiatus, labio superiore majore semibifido ob- 
tuso. Stamina omnia connexa. Legumen plano-compres- 
sum pedicellatum polyspermum, margine utroque incras- 
satum. Semina strophiolata. — Frutices Australasici. Rami 
sape compressi. Folia nulla aut simplicia alterna. Flores 
jlavi, carina scepe purpurea autfusca. D C. 

Specific Name and Character. 

BossiiEA * tenuicaulis ; ramis teretibus diffusis filiformibus 
foliisque ovatis subacutis rigidis mucronulatis adpresse 
pubescentibus. Graham in Ed. N. Phil. Journ. June, 

This plant was raised at the Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, 
from Van Diemen's Land seeds, sent by Mr. Cooper, gar- 
dener at Wentworth House, in April, 1836, and produced 
its rich and lively blossoms for the first time, in the green- 
house, in March, 1840. It seems to flower abundantly. 

Descr. Shrub procumbent; branches long, slender, strag- 
gling, round, leafy. Leaves subsessile, ovate, subacute, 
mucronulate, dark green above, paler below, rigid, denticu- 
late and recurved in their edges, having adpressed pubes- 

* So named by Ventenat in memory of M. Boissieu-Lamartin- 
iere, who perished with the unfortunate La Peyrotjse, in his voyage 
round the world. 

eence on both sides, slightly bullate above, middle rib and 
reticulated veins prominent below. Stipules filiform, mar- 
cescent, reflected. Flowers solitary, axillary, pedunculate, 
crowded into pseudo- spikes at the extremities of the 
branches. Peduncles rather shorter than the leaves, with 
two minute, sub-opposite bracteolae above the middle. 
Calyx glabrous, keeled along the upper side, bilabiate ; the 
upper lip divided into two broad, rounded lobes, each with 
a tooth at its outer edge ; lower lip of three small, revolute, 
ovate, acute teeth. Corolla (seven lines across) handsome ; 
vexillum reflected, slightly revolute in its sides, kidney- 
shaped, notched, yellow, behind and in the throat streaked 
with red; claw obconical ; ala? half as long as the vexillum, 
elliptico-obovate, yellow streaked with red, claws very 
slender ; keel as long as the alae, boat-shaped, blunt, dark 
red, its petals only connected with each other in the middle, 
and there slightly, claw slender and colourless. Stamens 
monadelphous, included within the keel ; tube slit along its 
upper part, pale red ; anthers ovate, yellow ; pollen pale 
orange-coloured. Pistil as long as the stamens, stipitate, 
glabrous ; germen compressed laterally ; ovules about three. 

Fig. 1. Calyx. 

2. Vexillum. 3. One of the Alae. 4. Carina: — mag- 


( 3896 ) 


Class and Order. 
Decandria Pentagynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Oxalide,e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 5-sepalus, sepalis liberis aut basi coalitis. Petala 
5. Stamina 10, filamentis basi breviter monadelphis, 5 
ext. altemis brevioribus. Styli 5 apice penicilliformes aut 
capitati. Capsula pentagona oblonga aut cylindracea.-— 
Herbae perennes y caulescentes, stipitatce aut acaules, foliis 
variis sed nunquam abrupte pinnatis. D C. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Oxalis lasiandra; foliis omnibus radicalibus dentatis, folio- 
Hs 7—9 oblongo-spathulatis parce pilosis apice mte- 
gerrimis, scapo folia superante umbellato multi- (20-) 
floro, sepalis lineari-ellipticis obtusis apice striis qua- 
tuor confluentibus, staminibus inaBqualibus longion- 
bus dentatis stylos divergentes duplo superantibus. 

This singular species is a native of Mexico, but 1 do not 
know from what part of that territory it was introduced, 
though, from its construction, I do not doubt that it is a 
native of the table land. It approaches most nearly to 
Oxalis decaphylla, or perhaps to O. Hernandesih if these 
two be distinct from each other ; it differs from these, how- 
ever, in the entire leaflets, the number and appearance ot 
the hairs upon their surface, the number of flowers in the 
umbel, their colour, the spotting at the apex of the sepals, 
and in the unequal stamens. We received it at the Royal 
Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, from the Garden at Berlin, m 


November, 1840, under the MSS. name adopted. Mr. 
James M'Nab tells me it is there cultivated in the open 
ground, forming an edging to the walks. With us, it 
flowered in the greenhouse, and continued in beauty during 
many weeks. At Berlin, in the open air, it was not above 
nine inches high, with us more than twice as much. 

Descr. Leaves all radical, digitate; petioles round, red, 
pretty densely covered with long, spreading hairs, termi- 
nating in an abrupt, somewhat callous apex ; leaflets seven 
to nine (three inches long, one broad), springing from 
callous bases around the edge of the apex of the petiole, 
elliptico-spathulate, quite entire at the apex and edges, 
undulate, rather coarsely veined, of dark green, and dis- 
tantly sprinkled with long, spreading hairs above, below 
paler spotted with crimson and glabrous, except on the 
strong middle rib and veins, where there are hairs rather 
more numerous but shorter than on the upper surface of 
the leaf. Scapes rather larger than the petioles and twice 
as tall, paler red or greenish, fistulous only at the base, 
tapering towards the apex, having hairs similar to those 
on the petioles, but scarcely so numerous, umbellate, many 
(about twenty) flowered. Bracts formed into an involucre 
of several unequal, diaphanous scales. Flowers large and 
handsome, developed in succession, crimson, especially on 
the inside, and where the petals overlap each other, the 
exposed part of the outer side being paler than the rest. 
Sepals linear- elliptical, blunt, green, covered externally 
with glandular hairs, and having at the apex four orange- 
coloured lines, which coalesce upwards. Petals nearly 
thrice as long as the sepals, with very fine, glandular 
pubescence on the outside, obovate, entire, attenuated and 
greenish at the base, cohering above their insertion. Sta- 
mens ten, unequal, the shorter simple and about as long as 
the styles, the longer toothed on the outside, covered with 
glandular pubescence, and scarcely exceeding the length 
of the sepals ; anthers yellow, elliptical, attached by the 
middle, turned outwards, and bursting longitudinally. Pis- 
til everywhere glabrous and green : germen oblong, of five 
lobes; styles short, stout, furrowed on their inside, divari- 
cated from their origin ; stigmas large, warted. Graham. 

Fig. 1. Sepal. 2. Stamens, including the Pistil. 3. Portion of the Sta- 
mens : — magnified. 


( 3897 ) 
Pleurothallis picTA. Painted Pleuro- 



Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — OrchidejE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala conniventia, subaequalia; lateralibus vel omnibus 
connatis. Petala minora. Labellum liberum cum co- 
lumna subparallelum, integerrimum, petalis difforme. Co- 
lumna elongata, aptera, libera, cum ovario continua. An- 
thera apice membranacea. Pollinia 2, nunc materie pul- 
verea ad apicem coherentia. — Herbae epiphytes, rhizomate 
repente filiformi. Caules Jiliformes, monophylli, scepius 
vaginati. Flores axillares, solitarii, vel fasciculati, vel ra- 
cemosi, herbacei velfusci. Lindl. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Pleurothallis picta; folio oblongo coriaceo caule vaginato 
racemoque longiore, spatha diphylla, racemo pluri- 
tloro, sepalis reflexis inferiore trilineato extus basi vil- 
loso duobus superioribus ultra medium unitis maculatis, 
petalis columna longioribus ovato-lanceolatis, labello 
ovatocarnosovelutino-maculatoobtuso intus basi pro- 
funde canaliculato, clinandrio dentato, anthera ova- 
rioque pubescenti-tomentosis. 

A very pretty Mexican Epiphyte, allied to our Pleuro- 
thallis peduncularis, (Journ. of Bot. v. 3. Tab. 9,) and to 
Dr. Lindley's P. strupifolia, (Bot. Reg. 1839, Misc. n. 3,) 
but, as we think, abundantly distinct from both. It was 
introduced from Mexico by Mr. Parkinson to the collection 
at Woburn, whence Mr. Forbes sent the accompanying 
flowering specimen in June, 1839. 


Descr. Stem four or five inches high, covered for nearly 
its whole length with a pale brown, striated sheath, and ter- 
minated by a solitary leaf, six to eight inches long, oblong, 
coriaceous, obtuse. From the base of this leaf and within 
a two-leaved, membranaceous, ovato-acuminate spatha, 
arises the raceme, or rather spike, of several curious-looking 
flowers. The ground colour of the flowers is purplish 
cream colour. The sepals nearly equal, narrow-ovate, the 
lower one reflexed, with three dark purple streaks, extend- 
ing the whole length of the outside (where it is hairy below), 
within having three short streaks at the base. Upper sepals 
united to above the middle, erecto-patent, externally dark 
purple, within spotted with purple tufts of velvety hairs. 
Petals small, erect, a little longer than the column, ovate, 
each marked with two streaks. Lip longer than the petals, 
ovate, obtuse, narrow at the base, with a deep furrow, 
densely marked with small, confluent spots. Column cream- 
coloured, with purple streaks, winged above. Clinan- 
drium toothed. Anther-case deep red, velvety. Column 

Fig. 1. Flower, front view. 2. Back view of ditto. 3. Flower with the 
Sepals removed. 4. Column and Lip. 5. Anther-case. 6. Pollen-masses: 
— magnified. 


( 3898 ) 

Epidendrum calocheilum. Beautiful- 
lipped EPI DEN DRUM. 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide*:. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala patentia, subaequalia. Petala sepalis aequalia 
vel angustiora rarius latiora, patentia vel reflexa. Label- 
lum cum marginibus columnar omnino vel parte connatum, 
limbo integro vel diviso, disco saepius calloso, costato vel 
tuberculato ; nunc in calcar productum ovario accretum et 
cuniculum formans. Columna elongata ; clinandrio mar- 
ginato saepe fimbriato. Anthera carnosa 2— 4-loculans. 
Pollinia 4, caudiculis totidem replicatis annexa— Herbce 
(Americana) epiphytce; caule nunc apice vel basi pseudo- 
bulboso, nunc elongato apice folioso. Folia carnosa, raris- 
sime venis elevatis striata. Flores spicati, racemosi, corym- 
bosi vel paniculati, terminates vel later ales. Lindl. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Epidendrum (Encyclium) calocheilum; pseudo-bulbisovato- 
oblongis apice diphyllis, foliis ensiformibus obtusis 
coriaceis obsolete striatis paniculaelatarnultiflora bre- 
vioribus, sepalis petalisque lineari-oblongo-spathula- 
tis uniformibus patentissimis, labello libero suborbi- 
culari profunde trilobo basi carinato, lobis lateralibus 
late ovatis intermedio latissimo lineato margine undu- 
lato crispato, columna superne hinc ala obtusa. 

This is another of the many fine Orchideous plants, for 
the possession of which the Woburn Collection is indebted 
to the unwearied exertions of Mr. Skinner in Guatemala. 


It was sent by that gentleman in October, 1839, and flow- 
ered in the stove in the same month of the following year. 
Nothing can well be more beautiful than the colouring and 
marking of the upper side of the labellum. 

Descr. Pseudo-bulbs four to five inches long, between 
ovate and oblong, compressed, furrowed, when young, 
clothed with membranous, striated scales, terminated by 
two sword-shaped, coriaceous, faintly-striated leaves, which 
are obtuse at the point. Peduncle or scape from the base 
of a young pseudo-bulb, two feet and more long, bearing a 
copious, spreading peduncle of many handsome, large-sized 
flowers. Sepals and petals uniform, spreading horizontally, 
linear-obiong, spathulate, rather acute, the sides bent back; 
the colour yellow-green with a dull purple blotch below 
the apex. Labellum shorter than the perianth, broadly, and 
in its outline almost orbicular, deeply three-lobed, free from 
any union with the column, except just at the base : the 
two side lobes moderately spreading, yellow veined, the 
veins reddish at the base, where there is a deep carina or 
fold; the middle lobe large, broad, very obtuse, deep 
yellow, singularly waved and crisped at the margin, beau- 
tifully marked with, as it were, beaded stripes, dichotomous 
and terminating within the margin. Column yellow-green, 
speckled with red, above, on each side, having a short, 
obtuse wing. Anther-case deep-yellow, somewhat hemi- 
spherical, but with a deep, broad furrow down the middle. 
Pollen-masses as in the Genus. 

Fig. 1. Column. 2. Labellum :— magnified. 


Pub /, 

( 3899 ) 

Salvia confertiflora; Thick- 
flowered Sage. 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Labiat/e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx bilabiatus, labio superiore intcgro v. 3-dentato, in- 
feriori bifido. Corolla bilabiata, labio superiori crecto for- 
nicato vel falcato, inferiori patente trifido. Stamina fertilia 
2, sub labio superiori ascendentia. Filamenta brevissima, 
tubo inclusa. Antherce dimidiatae ; connectivo elongato 
filifonni incurvo, postice saepius clavato, rarius antherae lo- 
culum alterum gerente. Stylus apice bifidus, lobo superi- 
ore saepius breviore. Achenia sicca. Benth. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Salvia confertiflora; caule fruticoso, ramis rufo-tomentosis, 
foliolis petiolatis ovato-oblongis acutiusculis crenatis, 
basi cuneatis in petiolum subdecurrentibus supra ru- 
gosis adpresse pubescentibus subtus dense tomentosis, 
floralibus, uanis ovatis longe acuminatis reflexis vel 
deciduis, racemis elongatis, verticillastris crebris multi- 
floris calycibus ovato-tubulosis tomentoso-lanatis, la- 
bio superiore iutegro dentibusque labii inferioris ovatis 
acutis, corollis calyce dimidio longioribus extus aureo- 
lanatis, tubo exserto ventricoso, labiis abbreviatis, 
superiore recto inferiorisque lobo medio integro, con- 
nectivis postice breviter productis dilatatis deflexis 
longitudinaliter connatis, stylo glabro. Benth. 

Salvia confertiflora. Pohl, PI. Brasil. Ic 2. p. 134. t. 
190. Benth. Lab. p. 276. Lindl. Bot. Reg. vol. 25. 
t. 29. 

(y.) foliis magis acuminatis, corollis longioribus coccineis. 


An extremely beautiful Brazilian Sage, at least the vari- 
ety here represented is of that character. Pohl, the ori- 
ginal discoverer (among shrubs in the Serra d'Estrella and 
in the Padre Correa, Brazil) and describer of this plant, 
distinguishes two states of it; the one corollis jlavidis, the 
kind he figures., and the other corollis rubellis. But the 
blossoms of our Salvia are of a much more beautiful colour 
than even the latter name would indicate : these corollas 
are likewise longer, more protruded from the calyx, and 
the leaves are more acuminated than in his figure. It was 
discovered in the Organ Mountains of Brazil, and by him 
sent to the Glasgow and other Botanic Gardens, where 
it has flowered during the autumnal months; and though 
able to bear the open border in the summer months, yet 
it comes to greater perfection in a warm greenhouse. 

Descr. Plant three to four feet high, shrubby, every- 
where more or less pubescenti-hirsute. Stem quadrangular, 
thickened and reddish at the angles. Lower leaves very 
large, six inches and upwards long, all of them ovate, peti- 
olate, acumiuate, coarsely serrated, wrinkled, beneath to- 
mentose and pale. Raceme spiciform, very long, composed 
of numerous whorls of rather small and nearly sessile, bright- 
redjlowers. Calyx deeply tinged with red, densely clothed, 
as is the corolla, with velvety hairs or tomentum. Corolla 
more than twice as long as the calyx, clavate, shortly two- 
lipped, very obtuse; lips nearly equal, both of them very 
concave ; upper one entire, lower cut into three incurved 
lobes, of which the middle one is the longest and entire. 
Anthers with the clubbed apex of their connectivum con- 

Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Corolla laid open : — magnified. 


U'titrft M* 

b'l/b bi, . 

mrwct Essex 0c£JJ$4l 

( 3900 ) 


Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Old. — Orchide,e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepalutn superius fornicatum angustum; lateral ia con- 
formia reflexa. Petala latiora con form ia, erecta. Label- 
lum sellagforme, ascendens, trilobatum, subcuneatum, api- 
culatum, cum columna articulatum. Columna semiteres, 
mutica ; gynizus longus angustus ; clinandrium postice 
acuminatum. Pollinia 4, per paria connata, caudiculce 
crassae affixa, glandular carnosae crassse adherenti. — Habitus 
Cataseti. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Mormodes pardina ; pseudo-bulbis turbinatis, foliis striatis 
4-plo brevioribus; racemo nutantemultifloro foliis bre- 
viore, sepalis petalisque subaequalibus ovato-lanceo- 
latis acutis conniventibus, label li trilobi lobis late- 
ralibus acutis decurvis intermedio elongato acuminata. 

Mormodes pardina. Bateman, Orchid. Mex. et Guatem. 
tab. 14. Lindl. Bot. Reg. Misc. v. 24. p. 93. n. 

(/3.) unicolor; floribus concoloribus. (Nobis supra Tab. 

To the spotted state of this plant, the type indeed of the 
species, we alluded at our Tab. 3879, where the var. uni- 
color is described. The present has a much more lively 
and showy appearance, the blossoms being everywhere 


more or less spotted with deep blood-coloured dots : but 
being in other respects similar, it is needless for us to 
repeat the description there given. Both were received 
from Mr. Forbes, having been reared in the rich collection 
at Woburn Abbey. 

Fig. 1. Column and Labellum: — magnified. 

( 3901 ) 



Class and Order. 

Syngenesia Superflua. 


Generic Character. 

Capitulum multiflorum heterogamum, fl. radii ligulatis 
neutris, disci hermaphr. 5-fidis. Involucrum 2—3 seriate, 
squamis ovatis basi intus striatis subcallosis apice foliaceo 
appendiculatis obtusis. Receptaculum convexum, paleis 
lanceolatis membranaceis achaenia plus minus amplectenti- 
bus. Corolla disci tubo brevissimo, fauce inflata multi- 
nervia. Styli rami subulati hispidi exserti revoluti. Achce- 
nia radii obcompressa seu triquetra, pappo brevissimo parco, 
disci subtetragona compressa laevia, pappo 1 -serial 1 squa- 
mellis pluribus denticulatis, et in omnibus aut saltern m fl. 
centralibus setis 1—2 ex angulis fructus majonbus ortis 
coronata.— Herbae annua ex America Maumoct. Folia 
alterna serrata triplinervia. Rami apice peduncuhformes 
l-cephali subnudi. Corolla? crocea seuflavas. D C. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Tithonia * ovata ; foliis oppositis ovatis acutis triplinerviis 
serratis, pedunculis subcorymbosis, involucn squamis 
imbricatis ovatis obtusis glabriusculis, achaenns com- 
pressis bialatis facie dorsoque acutangulatis, pappi 
paleis 4 alternatim majoribus serratis vel integns. 

I am totally at a loss to refer this to its proper Genus, 
and have only placed it provisionally in that of Tithonia^ 

* So called from Tithonus, the favourite of Aurora, on account of the 
golden colour of its flowers :— " couleur d'Aurore. 

It is a strong-growing plant, raised in the open air by Mr. 
Glover of Manchester, from seeds imported from Mexico 
by his friend Mr. Leeds. It blossoms in the autumn, a 
season, when flowers that can give gaiety to our open 
borders, are peculiarly acceptable. 

Descr. Stem tall, rounded, branched, hairy, the branches 
opposite, from the axils of the foliage. Leaves opposite, 
sessile, the bases (scarcely a petiole) amplexicaul, ovate, 
acute, serrated, triple-nerved, rough to the touch and 
wrinkled with numerous, reticulated veins, paler beneath. 
Peduncles short, terminal, sometimes solitary, at other 
times arranged in a sort of corymb of few capitula. Florets 
deep orange-yellow : those of the ray ligulate, female, the 
ligule elliptical, nerved, notched at the apex : the tubular 
portion slender. Young achenium obovate, compressed, 
two winged, and with two angles ; wings and angles termi- 
nating in chaffy, lanceolato-acuminate, more or less ser- 
rated scales. Palece of the receptacle also clothed with 
acuminated, chaffy scales. Florets of the disk perfect. Co- 
rollas tubular, five-lobed. Achenia nearly as in the ray, 
but with the angles less prominent and less acute. Pappus 
nearly the same. Branches of the style spreading, much 
longer than the anther tube. 

Fig. 1. FloTet of the Ray. 2. Ditto of the Disk, with a Scale of the 
Receptacle. 3. Scales of the Pappus : — magnified. 


( 3902 ) 

Strobilanthes sessilis. Sessile-flowered 


Class and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Orel. — Ruelliace^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 5-partitus, laciniis herbaceis. Corolla hypogyna, 
infundibuliformis, tubo sensim transeunte in limbum cam- 
panulatum, quinquefidum,, laciniis aequalibus v. subaequa- 
libus, obtnsis v. emarginatis. Stamina 4, corollas tubo 
inserta, indusa, didynama; anther a biloculares, loculis pa- 
rallelis. Stylus simplex ; stigma subulatum, incurvum, v. 
involutum. Ovarium biloculare., loculis biovulatis. Cap- 
sula subunguiculata, tetragono-columnaris, bilocularis, 
tetrasperma, loculicide bivalvis, valvis medio septiferis v. 
dissepimento soluto. Semina discoidea., angulata,, retina- 
culis unciuatis subtensa. — Frutices v. rarius herbae, in Asia 
tropica crescentes ; foliis oppositis; spicis axillaribus t>. ter- 
minalibus, plus minus densis; br&cieis foliaceis v. foliaceo- 
membranaceis, persistentibus v. caducis, bracteolis parvis v. 
rarius nullis; floribus majusculis, cceruleis v. albis. Endl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Strobilanthes* sessilis; herbacea hirsutissima, cauie erecto 
quadrangulari, foliis sessilibus ovatis acuminata crena- 
tis, spicis axillaribus oppositis tenninalibusque bracteis 
ovatis cuspidatis. Nees. 

Strobilanthes sessilis. Nees von Esen. in Wall. PL Asiat. 
Rar. 3. 8b.— Herb. Wight, n. 1946. 

This plant, whose blossoms are very handsome, was raised at the 
Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, from seeds sent by Dr. Lusk, from Bom- 
bay, in 1833, and flowered in the stove for the first time in October. 
1839; but much more freely in April, 1841. I suspect there is a 
mistake in the opinion, that the species was first discovered in the 
southern part of the Peninsula of India. The idea has been suggested 


* So called from <7rpo/3»*o«, the cone of a Pine, and «*9o?, a. flower, from 
the imbricated bracteas at the base of the flowers resembling a Pine-cone. 

by its existing in the Herbarium of Dr. Wight ; but this is not suffi- 
cient evidence. I am convinced Dr. Wight had it in very sparing 
quantity, because he most liberally distributed his duplicates ; I partook, 
through his great kindness, very largely of them ; but I have no spe- 
cimen of this plant. Further, Nees von Esenbeck observes, that Dr. 
Wight gives no locality for the species ; and, lastly, I find it stated in 
Graham's " Catalogue of Plants growing in Bombay and its vicinity," 
p. 163, that two supposed new species of the Genus had been sent by 
Mr. Law to Dr. Wight, I think it probable that one of these is our 
plant, and therefore, that the neighbourhood of Bombay is the only 
part of India where it has yet been observed. I have compared my 
plant with Dr. Wight's specimens, now in the possession of Dr. 
Arnott, and find them to be identical. The specimens are numbered 
1946, not 38, as quoted by De Candolle. 

Descr. Perennial. Stems (one foot six inches high) numerous, 
herbaceous, simple, erect, four-sided, very hairy ; hairs very unequal in 
length, spreading, acute. Leaves opposite, decussating, spreading wide, 
subsessile, cordato-ovate, subacuminate, crenato-repand, with a little 
deflected callosity in each notch, wrinkled, concave above, where they 
are darker than below, covered with harsh hairs on both sides, middle 
rib and reticulated veins very prominent below, channelled above. 
Capitula shortly pedunculate, terminal, or in axils of the upper leaves, 
ovate, strobuliform. Bracts resembling diminished leaves, but less 
wrinkled, narrower, erect, slightly coloured. Flowers solitary and ses- 
sile, in the axils of the bracts, expanding in succession from below 
upwards, and several at a time. Calyx rather shorter than the bracts, 
five-partite, bilabiately compressed, pale green, hairy ; segments lanceo- 
late, subequal, the odd one superior, hairs glandular. Corolla funnel- 
shaped, rather more than twice as long as the bracts, lilac, closely cover- 
ed on the outside with short, glandular pubescence, and within the tube 
having many long hairs; tube cylindrical and narrow for about half the 
length of the bract, or about one-fifth of its own length, above this in- 
flated, this portion being also cylindrical when fully expanded, but previ- 
ously compressed dorsally; limb five-lobed, subspreading, lobes short, 
round, or emarginate, subequal, much broader than long, folding irregu- 
larly, convolutely imbricated, the odd lobe inferior. Stamens four didy- 
namous, included, inserted above the contracted portion of the tube, and 
applied along its upper side, the longest about two-thirds of the length 
of the corolla, and having their filaments hairy, the shorter half the 
length of the free portion of the others, their filaments glabrous, and 
connected at the base by a narrow, transverse, erect ridge, in the middle 
of which rises a small point, the rudiment of a fifth stamen ; anthers 
large, bilocular, approximated in pairs, blunt, lobes parallel, opening along 
the front ; pollen abundant, granules oblong. Pistil rather longer than 
the longest stamens; style hairy, swollen and geniculate towards the top; 
stigma subulate, and having a remarkable ridge along the upper side, 
leading to an elongated depression towards the knee of the style, both 
the ridge, which seems a free, thin, double membrane, and the depres- 
sion being most conspicuous in the unexpanded flower ; germen seated 
on an orange-coloured disk, oblong, green, glabrous except at the apex, 
where there are some short, glandular hairs, unilocular. Ovules two on 
each side of the incomplete dissepiment, ovate, compressed. Graham. 

Fig. 1. Calyx including the Pistil. 2. Lower portion of the Corolla laid open. 3. Stamen. 
4. Pistil, with hypogynous Gland. 5. Stigma. 6. Ovary and hypo jrjno us Gland. 7. Ovary 
vertically, and S, transrerselj laid open. 9. Ovulje. 


( 3903 ) 

Chorizema spectabile. Showy 


Class and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Leguminos.e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx semi-5-fidus bilabiatus, labio superiore bifido, in- 
fer. 3-partito. Corolla carina ventricosa alis breviore. Sty- 
lus brevis uncinatus. Stigma obliquum obtnsum. Legumen 
ventricosum, 1-locul., polyspermum, sessile aut subsessile. — 
Suffrutices Australasici. Folia alterna simplicia sinuato- 
dentata aut integra. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Chorizema* spectabile; foliis sparsis elliptico-lanceolatis 
obovatis vel cuneatis planis integerrimis vel apice re- 
tusis mucronatis utrinque adpresse pilosiusculis, race- 
mis paucifloris terminalibus axillaribusque, calycis 
labio superiore bifido obtuso ; stigmate capitato. 

Chorizema spectabile. Lindley in Bot. Reg. Miscel. May, 
1841, et Tab. 45. 

This plant was raised in the nursery garden of Messrs. 
James Dickson & Sons, Edinburgh, in 1840, from a collec- 

* De Theis derives this word from x*f& to separate; because the fruit is 
distinctly separated into two equal parts. If Smith's derivation is correct, 
in the ninth volume of the Transactions of the Linnaean Society, (see un- 
der our Tab. 3607) the word ought to be Chorozema, with the e short : 
but Labillaediere expressly writes it Chorizema; and Sir James Smith 
himself, in a subsequent publication, gives the preference to De Theis 
derivation, though he thinks it rather alludes to the free or separated sta- 
mens, than to the splitting of the fruit. 

tion of seeds received from New Holland, but it was not 
known in what part of the country they were gathered. It 
flowered in the greenhouse at that establishment in March 
and April, 1841. We learn from Dr. Lindley, above quot- 
ed, that the species is a native of the Swan River Colony. 

Descr. Stem branched, very slender, twining, wiry, 
with a few adpressed hairs. Leaves scattered, spreading, 
elliptico-lanceolate, obovate or cuneate, flat, entire in the 
edge or retuse at the apex, mucronate, slightly sprinkled 
with adpressed hairs on the dark green upper surface, rather 
more closely below where the colour is somewhat lighter ; 
midrib prominent below, channelled above; petioles short; 
stipules subulate, erect. Racemes few-flowered, terminal 
or axillary, pedicels short, springing from the axils of leaves 
reduced to the size and appearance of the stipules, which 
remain by their sides at the lower flowers, at the upper the 
bracteas are shorter and ovate (from their union with the two 
stipules ?). Calyx bilabiate, with very few adpressed hairs, 
bibracteolate at the base ; lower lip three-partite, segments 
lanceolato-ovate; upper lip bifid, segments blunt, diverging. 
Corolla smaller than in Chorozema ovatum; vexillum sub- 
rotund, retuse in the centre, orange-coloured, with an ob- 
long, yellow spot in the throat, reflected, claw obconical; 
alee darker and more red, about the same length as the 
vexillum, spread horizontally, their upper edges overlap- 
ping, cultrate, claw linear, tooth short and blunt ; keel pale- 
yellow, much shorter than the alae, blunt, its petals coher- 
ing only for a little way in the middle. Stamens free, in- 
cluded within the keel ; filaments colourless; anthers pale- 
yellow. Pistil rather shorter than the stamens ; stigma 
capitate ; style glabrous ; germen shortly stipitate, silky : 
ovules several. Graham. 

Fig. 1. Stipules. 2. Flower, from which the Corolla is removed. 3. 
Vexillum. 4. OneoftheAhe. 5. Carina. 6. Ovary. 7. Fruit invested 
by the Calyx : — magnified. 


ir /'■//, 1 1 <(<•!' 

I'uh !>i/ Sj'uriis (iiux \%\ riuvooti /'■'. ■.'.■> t xNm '' I M'//. 

( 3904 ) 

Arctostaphylos nitida. Shining ARCTO- 

A / . A'. A'. Af, A*, A*. A / . A'. A*. A / . A'. A'. A'- A?. .4'- & A'. .^ . s ! '-■ .SI'. A '■ A\ A*, 
Vs- 1» VIS V 1* Vp MS *r» MS V MS ™ MS V MS MS ▼ MS VK MS V V MS 

Class and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Ericaceae. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 5-partitus persistens. Corolla ovato-urceolata, 
ore 5-dentato revoluto brevi. Stamina 10 inclusa, filamen- 
tis basi subdilatatis saepius piloso-ciliatis, antheris compres- 
sis apice biporosis lateraliter biaristatis, aristis reflexis. 
Ovarium globoso-depressum squamis 3 carnulosis cinctum. 
Stylus brevis. Stigma obtusum. Bacca (seu drupa bac- 
cata) globosa, 5-rarius 6 — 7-imo 10-locularis, loculis 1-sper- 
mis ! — Suffrutices fruticesve. Folia alterna sapius persis- 
tentia, Integra aut denticulata. Racemi terminates bracte- 
ati. Corollae alba aut rubra. Fructus rubri aut nigri. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Arctostaphylos* nitida; erecta, fruticosa, cortice decidua, 
foliis breviter petiolatis lanceolatis acutis argute den- 
tatis basi angustatis utrinque ramisque glaberrimis 
subtus albo-glaucescentibus, racemis paniculato-ramo- 
sis rachi pedicellisque pilosulis. 

Arbutus discolor. Hook. Ic. Plant, v. \.t. 29. 

Arctostaphylos discolor. De Cand. Prodr. v. 7. 

This extremely beautiful shrub was raised by J. T. 
Mackay, Esq., at the Dublin College Botanic Garden, from 


* From apxToj a bear, and <rra$v\ri, grape or berry: — the same as our 
English word Bear-berry. 

seeds sent to him five years ago from Mexico, e regionefri- 
gida, and flowering specimens were transmitted to us in 
May, 1841. A more desirable plant has not been intro- 
duced for a long time to our collections, and we have great 
hopes it may prove hardy. Certainly the slight protection 
of a frame will defend it from our severest cold.— It was 
found at Toluca by Andrieux, and is n. 262 of his collec- 

Descr. A graceful shrub; with glabrous, erect branches, 
clothed with shining, pale brown bark in the older portions, 
and there deciduous ; yellow-green tinged with red in the 
younger ones. Leaves alternate, on short, reddish petioles, 
from four to five inches long, coriaceous, oblong-lanceo- 
late, acute at both ends, dark-green above, pale and glau- 
cous beneath, the margins closely, though unequally, glan- 
duloso-serrate,penninerved, the nerves conspicuous on both 
sides. From the apex of a branch, and generally from the 
axil of two annotinous shoots, a rather copious compound, 
or paniculated, many-flowered raceme arises, the branches 
patent, hairy, the flowers secund and pendent. Pedicels 
about two lines long, hairy, thickened upwards, the hairs 
slender and glandular at the apex. Bracteas subulate, red, 
shorter than the pedicels. Calyx of five deep-red, spread- 
ing, ovato-acuminate teeth. Corolla almost pure white, 
urceolate, pubescenti -hirsute, the limb with five blunt, 
spreading teeth. Stamens ten, erect, half the length of the 
corolla. Filaments much dilated above the base. Anthers 
tawny, each cell opening by a pore at the apex, and at the 
back of the pore is a reflexed awn. Germen globose, 
thickly set with green tubercles, and surrounded by a 
fleshy, obscurely ten-toothed disk. Style thick, longer 
than the stamens. Stigma obtuse, green. 

Fig. 1. Flower with its Pedicel and Bracteas. 2. Corolla laid open to 
show the Stamens and Pistil. 3. Single Stamen. 4. Pistil and Disk. 5. 
Section of the Ovary : — magnified. 

WlUch de£ 

( 3905 ) 

Kreysigia multiflora. Many-flowered 



Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Melanthace/E. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium 6-phyllum, petaloideum, patens, aequale, 
deciduum, foliolis, aestivatione involuta, basi utrinque glan- 
dulosis. Stamina 6, receptaculo inserta. Anthers post icae. 
Ovarium 3-loculare, loculis biovulatis. Semina abortione 

Specific Name and Synonyms. 

Kreysigia* multifiora. 

Kreysigia multifiora. Reichenb. Icon. Exot. v. 3. p. 11. 

Tab. 229. Don, in Linn. Trans, v. 18. p. 522. 
Tripladenia Cunninghamia. Don, in Proceed, of Linn. 

Soc. n. 5. p. 46. 

A very pretty, half-hardy, herbaceous plant, with the 
habit of Streptopus, a native of the Illavvara district in New 
South Wales, where it was discovered by the late Mr. 
Allan Cunningham, and introduced to the Royal Gardens 
of Kew in 1823. It bears its pleasing rose-coloured flowers 
in the summer months : they continue in perfection for 
some time, and are then succeeded by the somewhat pear- 
shaped fruits. . 

Descr. Stem herbaceous, erect, flexuose. Leaves alter- 
nate, distichous, ovato-acuminate, striated, amplexicaul at 


* So named by Reichenbach, probably in compliment to some 
Botanist of the name of Kreysig. 

the base. From the axils principally of the lower leaves 
arises the peduncle, bearing an imperfect umbel of from 
generally two to three rays, with a small, three-leaved in- 
volucre at the base of the rays. Perianth rose-coloured, of 
six spreading, oblong, obtuse sepals, white at the base, and 
having there on each side, three short, fleshy filaments y each 
terminated by a yellow, globose gland. Stamens six, in- 
serted on the receptacle, white. Filaments subulate. An- 
thers oblong. Germen globose. Style very short. Stig- 
mas three, linear. Capsule globoso-pyriform, with three 
obtuse angles, three-celled : each cell with one perfect 

Fig. 1. Sepal with its Gland. 2. Stamens and Pistil. 
Capsule. 4. Capsule : — magnified. 

3. Section of a 


/'//// In/ S.Curtis Glaianmai Esstx2K1.1841 

( 3906 ) 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Cacte^. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala numerosa imbricata, bast ovario adnata, in tubum 
brevissimum concreta, exteriora involucriformia, intima pe- 
taliformia. Stamina numerosa, calyci affixa, inaequalia, 
intima brevissima, filiformia, antheris oblongis. Stylus 
cylindricus, subfistulosus, apice multifidus. Bacca sepalo- 
rum reliquiis subsquamata, rarissime laevis. Cotyledones 
parvulae. — Frutices simplicissimi carnosi, ovati aut globosi, 
?nelocactoidcei aid mammillariceformes, aphylli, costati aut 
tuberculati, costis tuberculis confluentibus quasi formatis, 
dorso aculeorum fasciculos gerentibus. Cephalium seu spa- 
dix nullus. Flores efasciculis aculeorum ad apicem costa- 
rum orti, similis foribus Cerei, sed tubo vix supra recepta- 
culum elongato. — Pfiiff. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Echinocactus corynodes ; depresso-globosus basi attenua- 
te obscure viridis 16-angularis, vertice impresso, sinu- 
bus angustis acutis, costis acuatis crenatis, areolis im- 
mersis junioribus albis villosissimis tandem nudis, 
aculeis exterioribus 9 patentibus nascentibus rubris 
dein fuscescentibus central i 1 erecto subulato brunneo 
reliquos non superante omnibus rectis rigidis. Pfeiff. 

Echinocactus corynodes. " H. BeroV—Pfeiff. Enum. 
Cact. p. 55. 

" E. rosaceus,, Sellowianus." Hort. 

From the rich collection of CACTEiE in the Royal Botanic 
Garden of Kew, where it flowers during the summer 


months, when its copious bright sulphur-coloured flowers 
with the red eye (the cluster of stigmas) give it a beautiful 
and showy character. 

Pfeiffer, who seems alone to have described this spe- 
cies, remarks that the young and adult plants are very 
different ; the former being of a deeper green ; with the 
areolae crowded; the aculei longer, more rigid, and brown. 
The adult he describes as three to four inches in diameter, 
two to three high : the areolae six to eight lines long, dis- 
tant : the aculei five to six lines long. — Our plant is of 
larger dimensions than that now specified, as seen by our 
figure. The form is subglobose, but depressed at the top, 
and narrowed at the base : the colour a rather deep some- 
what glaucous green. The sides are cut into about sixteen 
deep, vertical furrows, and as many prominent, crenated 
ridges. The crenatures are from half to three quarters of an 
inch apart, and in them is lodged a tuft of dense white wool, 
which is nearly obsolete in the lower crenatures. From 
these woolly crenatures arise the aculei, which are in num- 
ber from seven to nine, spreading, rigid, five to six lines 
long, pale brown, deeper at the base, having besides a 
central, erecto-patent one, generally of an uniformly deep 
brown colour, and about equal in size to the rest. Flowers 
several from the crown of the plant, rich sulphur yellow, 
two inches in diameter, when fully expanded. Tube exter- 
nally shaggy with brown wool. Petals in two or three 
rows, spathulate, crenate and almost laciniated towards the 
apex. Stamens numerous, pale yellow, crowded around 
the style. Stigma with the rays erect, bright scarlet. 

Fig. 1. 2. Front and side view of an Areola, with Aculei. 


WFteh M l 

RAM S.GaHs Gkxmmd /■/.«/. r..W/./.v7A 


( 3907 ) 

Franciscea latifolia. Broad-leaved 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Scrophularin^:. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx persistens, inflatus, campanulatus, quinquedenta- 
tus : dentibus aequalibus. Corolla hypocrateriformis ; lim- 
bus quinquepartitus subaequalis : lobis rotundatis repandis, 
margine incumbentibus, tubus apice inflatus, incurvatus. 
Stylus apice incrassatus. Stigma bilobum. Capsula ovata, 
bilocularis, bivalvis, valvulis impartibilibus. Pohl. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Franciscea latifolia ; ramis brevissimis patentibus, foliis 
lato-ellipticis subacutis, bracteis lanceolato-acuminatis 
calycibusque glabris, floribus paucis subracemosis ter- 
minalibus. Pohl. 

The Genus Franciscea was established by Pohl in honor 
of Francis the First, Emperor of Austria; and from the great 
beauty of many of the species, and eminently so of this, it is 
well worthy of bearing so illustrious a name, and that of a 
sovereign who was so distinguished a patron of Botany. 
We have already figured one of the species at Tab. 2829 
(F. Hopeana, or more properly, F. uniflora) of this work : 
but that and the present species, handsome* though they 


* Our figure was taken from the first flowers the plant produced ; but Mr. 
Moore now writes me in a letter, dated Glasnevin, Oct. 4, 1841 ; "lam 
glad to state, that I think the glowing descriptions given of this plant, both 


be, are yet far inferior to the P. hy&rangeceformis and some 
others. All are natives of Brazil. The present one inha- 
bits Tijuca, near Rio Janeiro, according to Pohl, whence 
living plants were introduced to the Botanic Garden of 
Schcenbrunn. Our native specimens in the Herbarium are 
from South Brazil, gathered by Mr. Tweedie; and from 
the same source, through the medium of the Earl of Arran, 
were derived the seeds which produced the plant here 
figured, and which were raised by Mr. Moore at the Glas- 
nevin Botanic Garden, near Dublin. To him I am indebted 
for the drawing here published. The plant quite accords 
with Pohl's figure and description, except that the calyx is 
larger and more inflated in our specimens. Nothing can 
exceed the brilliant violet-purple of the blossoms. It is 
cultivated in the hothouse ; but it would probably succeed 
equally well in the greenhouse. 

by the Earl of Arran and Tweedie will be fully realized. My large plant 
is in fine condition and showing abundance of flowers, having from two to 
four together ; and I do not despair of seeing from thirty to forty blossoms 
upon it at one time during the ensuing month. I have kept it cool and 
rather dry in an airy greenhouse during the summer, finding it nearly 
deciduous and requiring a little rest. Shortly I shall remove it into a cool 
stove, where I cannot doubt it will flower freely." 


WFzkh </,/< 

!'///>, />// S.Curtte UX-U- 

( 3908 ) 

Lasiopetalum macrophyllum. Large- 
leaved La si o pet alum. 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — BvrTNERiACEiE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx persistens. Petala 5 glanduliformia. Filamenta 
5 libera. Antkera? intus poris 2 dehiscentes. Ovarium I , 
3-loculare, loculis biovulatis. Capsula 3-valvis, septis val- 
varibus, dehiscentia loculicida. Semina strophiolata laci- 
niata. — Stipulae o. Folia lineari-lanceolata integerrima. 
Inflorescentia cymosa oppositifolia. D C. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Lasiopetalum macrophyllum; foliis deltoideo-ovatis triner- 
viis, bracteis tribus lanceolato-ellipticis, segmentis ca- 
lycinis intus glabris, ovario 5-loculare. Graham. 

Lasiopetalum macrophyllum. Graham. 

This new and very distinct species was raised from New 
South Wales' seeds, transmitted to the Botanic Garden, 
Edinburgh, in July, 1835, by the late Mr. Richard Cun- 
ningham. It has been kept in the greenhouse, and flowered 
freely for the first time in May, 1841. 

Descr. Shrub erect. Stem robust, (in the specimen 
described, which is still growing freely, five feet high,) bark 
brown, cracked, rough; branches, and especially the young 
twigs, covered closely with light coloured tomentum mixed 
with stellate, rusty pubescence. Leaves (five to seven inches 
long, two and a quarter to three inches broad) petiolate, 
deltoideo-ovate, slightly cordate at the base, green and 
hispid above, densely covered with a white tomentum 


mixed with rufous, stellate pubescence below, especially 
along the ribs and veins, undulate, obscurely sinuated, 
when young tomentum and pubescence alike on both 
sides, three-nerved, and often with a small additional nerve 
on each side, reticulately veined, the nerves and veins pro- 
minent below. Corymbs opposite to the leaves, digitate, 
the branches flat during full flowering, before and after this 
period connivent. Flowers arranged alternately along the 
branches of the corymb, shortly pedicellate, cernuous, se- 
cund, so as to form a flat, continuous surface looking down- 
wards. Bracts three, lanceolato-elliptical, at the apex of 
each pedicel, and adpressed to the outer side of the flower. 
Calyx five-partite, alternate with the bracts ; segments ovate, 
acute, with seven parallel nerves on the inside, where they 
are greenish-white. Petals minute, purple, elliptical, un- 
dulate, alternate with the segments of the calyx. Stamens 
five, opposite to the petals ; filaments nearly colourless, 
thrice as long as the petals, and about one-third of the 
length of the calyx ; anthers purple, about half as long as 
the filaments, to which they are attached by the back, the 
face being turned outwards, linear, with an inconspicuous 
connective, bursting by two pores at the apex. Pistil 
about as long as the filaments; stigma inconspicuous; style 
straight, erect, and this with the inside of the calyx are the 
only parts attached to the corymb which are glabrous, every 
other portion being more or less densely covered with light 
tomentum and rufous stellate pubescence ; germen glo- 
bular, densely covered with harsh, stellate pubescence, 
which here is of a pinkish colour, five-locular ; cells gla- 
brous within, and containing several ovules attached to 
central placentae. Graham. 

Fig. 1. 2. Back and front view of a Flower. 3. Stamen. 4. Pistil. 5. 
Ovary cut through transversely. 6. Ovule : — magnified. 



7'l/f) bi/ < I'urti t'.lu: ft/aunt/ /.. 


( 3909 ) 

Prepusa Hookeriana. Scarlet and 
White-flowered Prepusa. 


Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ortl. — Gentianeje. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx laxe campanulatus, coloratus, sexfidus, ad suturas 
alatus. Corolla hypogyna, tubo brevi cylindrici, limbo 
campanulato sexfido, decidua. Discus hypogynus carno- 
sus, corollas tubo adnatus, persist ens. Stamina 6, corollae 
fauci inserta : jilamenta aequalia, anthera? erectae, immutatae, 
longitudinaliter dehiscentes. Ovarium uniloculare. Ovula 
in placentis suturalibus plurima. Stylus filiformis, rectus ; 
Stigma bilamellatum. Capsula unilocularis, bivalvis. Se- 
mina plurima, minima. — Frutex Brasiliensis ; ramis erectis 
fastigiatis ; foliis decussatis, superne congestis ; racemis 
terminalibus foliosis ; Jloribus speciosis, luteis. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Prepusa * Hookeriana ; herbacea, caespitosa, foliis radica- 
libus lineari-spathulatis subcarnosis uninerviis, caulinis 
subconnatis, calyce campanulato maximo inflato 6- 
angulato colorato. Gardner. 

This is one of the very many novelties which reward- 
ed Mr. Gardner's indefatigable researches during his five 
years' travels in Brazil. He had the good fortune to bring 
home living plants of it, which have been sent to the Bo- 
tanic Gardens of Kew and Glasgow and other establish- 
ments. Our figure is, however, made in Brazil from recent 
native specimens, by Miss E. Durham, and we shall here 
give Mr. Gardner's own description, drawn up from the 


* From TrftTrtiffct, conspicuous, showy, according to Marti us ; from the 
noble blossoms which the individual species bear, few being more orna- 
mental in the eminently beautiful natural family to which the plant belongs. 

living flowering plant at the same time. " This beautiful 
species of Prepusa inhabits the summit of the Organ Moun- 
tains, at an elevation of 6,857 feet above the level of the 
sea ; growing in large patches in moist, exposed places, 
flowering in March and April. It is the third species of 
the Genus which has been detected*, and was one of the 
many discoveries that resulted from a visit of six days to 
the summit of the Organ Mountains in the month of March 
of the present year (1841 ) ; and it is with much pleasure that 
I dedicate it to my kind friend and patron Sir W. J. Hooker, 
as the most lasting memento I can offer him for his first 
suggesting my voyage to Brazil — his liberal assistance in 
enabling me to undertake it — and his unremitting kindness 
during my absence in directing my attention to such places 
and objects as were most likely to advance that Science to 
which we are both so devotedly attached." 

Descr. Root perennial. Stem herbaceous, from a foot 
to a foot and a half high. Radical leaves opposite, linear, 
spathulate, apiculate, somewhat fleshy ; one-nerved, about 
three inches long, and nearly half an inch broad. The 
flowering stem, which is of a pinkish purple colour, has 
from two to three pairs of cauliue leaves, which arc small 
and of a linear form, and somewhat connate at the base. 
Flowers large, nodding, generally from three to five in num- 
ber, arising from the axils of the two upper cauline pairs of 
leaves. Calyx large, much inflated, membranaceous, of a 
paler colour than the stem, hexangular, with the angles 
very prominently marked at the base, six -toothed ; teeth 
apiculate. Corolla, with the exception of the limb, includ- 
ed. The two upper thirds of the tube are urceolate, the 
lower very much contracted ; and the whole is of a pale 
purple colour. The limb, which is of a yellowish-white 
colour, is spreading and six-lobed; lobes obovate, apiculate. 
Stamens six, arising from the bottom of the utricular portion 
of the corolla. Filaments filiform. Anthers versatile, oblong, 
two-celled. Pollen yellowish. Ovary placed on a short 
gynophone, cylindrical, one-celled, many-seeded. Seeds 
attached to four parietal placenta?, which are formed by the 
incurved margins of the two carpels of which the ovary 
consists, and which stand right and left to the axis of 
inflorescence. Style filiform. Stigma bilainellate. — Organ 
Mountains, Brazil, April, 1841. 

* The first is the original species, P. montana, Mart. Bras. tab. 190: — 
the second is the P. connata, Gardn. in Hook. Ic. Plant, v. 8. t. 225, 226. 
All are remarkable for their large and very showy flowers. 

Fig. 1. Corolla. 2. The same laid open. 3. Stamen. 4. Pibtil :— magnified. 

( 3910 ) 

Cattleya cRispA. Crisp-flowered 


Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — OrchidejE. ) 

Generic Character, 

Sepala membranacea vel carnosa, patentia, aequalia. Pe- 
iala ssepius majora. Labellum cucullatum columnam m- 
volvens, trilobum vel indivisum. Columna clavata, elon- 
<>ata, semiteres, marginata, cum labello articulata. Anthcra 
carnosa, 4-locularis, septorum marginibus membranaceis. 
Pollinia 4, caudiculis totidem replicatis.— Herbae epiphyte 
(Americana) pseudo-bulbosce. Folia solitarta vel bina, cori- 
acea. Flores terminates, speciosisshni, scepe e spatha magna 
erumpentes. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Cattleya crisp a ; sepalis lineari-obovato-lanceolatis acutis, 
petalis latioribus oblongo-lanceolatis undulatis crispis, 
labelli indivisi limbo ovato aciimiuato quam maxune 
midulato-crispato, pseudo-bulbis subcylindraceis angu- 
latis, spatha magna foliacea. Lindl. 

Cattleya crispa. Lindl. Bot. Reg. t. 1172. Gen. et Spec. 
Orchid, p. 116. 

Drawn at the Royal Botanic Garden of Kew "he e t his 
truly handsome species flowered in Ju y, 18-11. It is a 
native of Brazil, and has now been sent home by many 
Collectors from that fertile region and seems to have bee" 
first introduced to our gardens by Sir Henry Cun >- 
layne, Bart., in 1826. It may be numbered among the 
most beautiful of a highly beautiful Genus. 


Descr. Pseudo-bulbs clustered, elongated, clavate, cloth- 
ed with membranous sheaths, and bearing a large, solitary, 
coriaceous leaf at the extremity. From the axil of that 
leaf proceeds a large, compressed, sheathing, yellow-green 
spatha, with an oblique mouth, through which the spike, of 
five or six large, handsome, and fragrant flowers emerges. 
Sepals oblong, spathulate, their margins revolute, but not 
crisped, white or cream-colour, with a faint, purplish tinge. 
Petals also spreading, about equal in length with the sepals, 
but much broader, and the margins, especially in the upper 
half, singularly waved and crisped. Lip standing forward, 
recurved at the apex, oblong, acute, three-lobed, the lower 
or side-lobes rounded, white, yellow at the base and streak- 
ed with red, the middle or terminal one ovate, acuminate, 
the margin rich red-purple with deeper purple veins, all of 
them remarkably waved and crisped. Column and anther- 
case, &c, as in the Genus. 

//// bu S.I i/rr/s Hf,/ xrrmrprn/ . 

( 3911 ) 

Opuntia monacantha, One-spined 
Opuntia ; or Prickly Fig. 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — CactejE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala numerosa, ovario adnata foliiformia, summa plana 
brevia, intima petaliformia obovata, expansa, tubo supra 
ovarium nullo. Stamina petalis breviora, filamentis tenui- 
bus, tactu subirritabilibus. Stylus cylindricus, basi con- 
strictus. Stigmata 3—8 erecta crassa. Bacca ovata, apice 
umbilicata, tuberculosa, saepius spinifera. Embryo subspi- 
ralis, teretiusculus. Cotyledones semiteretes, germmantes 
foliaceae, planar crassai. Plumula parva.— Frutices, trunco 
ramisque cylindricis aut compresso-articulatis, articulis ova- 
tis aut oblongis, fasciculos aculeorum aut setarum, ordine 
quincunciali seu spirali dispositis, gerentibus. Folia subulata 
sediformia, caducissima sub quoque fasciculo jumore. Flores 
e fasciculis aut marginibus articulorum orti,flavi, rubri aut 
albi. Fructus minutivel magni, virides,flavi aut purpura, 
s<epe jiciformes, edules, plerumque secundo vel tertio anno 
maturescentes. Pfejff- 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Opuntia monacantha; erecta elata, articulis obovatis crassi- 
usculis glaucis, spinis subsolitarns subvalidis Havo- 
fuscis ad basin setis copiosis brevibus flavesceiitibus, 
petalis fulvo-aurantiacis, ovariis pynformibus vindibus 
fasciculis setarum flavarum sparsis. 

Opuntia monacantha. " Willd. Enum.p. 34 (sub Cacto). 
Salm-Dyck, in litt." Be Cand. Prodr. v. 3. p.4/2. 
Cexcl Sun De Cand. PL Grass, n. 137. cum tab, I.) 
Pfeiff. Enum. Cact. p. 164. (excl. Syn. Bot. Reg. t. 

Cactus Opuntia Tuna. De Cand. Pi Grass, cum Ic. 

Rich as our gardens are in Cactes:, and much as these are 
prized by cultivators on account of the singularity of the 
forms of some and the exquisite beauty of the blossoms in 
others, it is greatly to be lamented that the synonymy of 
those that are described is so faulty, and that so many are 
ill characterized ; every collection possessing many similar 
species under different names. With the opportunities we 
peculiarly enjoy, it may be expected that these difficulties 
in the way of a correct nomenclature will be obviated, 
although we almost despair of such an object being accom- 
plished but by the help of good figures, of which, thanks to 
our excellent assortment of species in the Royal Gardens of 
Kew and the kindness of our friends, we are already in pos- 
session of a considerable number. 

The present individual, especially, requires illustration. 
It is not uncommon in our stoves, and, at Kew, flowers rea- 
dily during the summer months; and with us, and probably 
at other places, it has borne the name of Opuntia Tuna; it 
being unquestionably the Cactus Opuntia Tuna of De 
Candolle (as regards his figure). This differs from the 
real Tuna of Dillenius, among other characters in its 
generally solitary spines. On this account it would appear 
that Willdenow distinguished it by the name of mona- 
cantha, which De Candolle himself, in his " Prodromus," 
has adopted ; — but he has referred, inadvertently, it would 
seem, to his " Plantes Grasses," n. 137 cum Tab. 2, which 
is his Cactus coccinellifer (the Opuntia Tuna of Miller and 
Pfeiffer). Pfeiffer, on the other hand, quotes rightly 
the C. Opuntia Tuna of " Plantes Grasses," with its glau- 
cous articulations and nearly solitary spines ; but he unfor- 
tunately adds the synonym of O. monacantha of Ker in 
Botanical Register, tab. 1726, which is a perfectly distinct 
plant from the original one of De Candolle, having differ- 
ently-shaped articuli, of a bright, yet deep yellow-green 
hue, and strong, solitary spines, apparently quite destitute 
of the fascicles of setae at their base. 

It will be observed, that the spines of the present species, 
though usually solitary on the disk of the joints, are often 
geminate, or even fasciculate, at the margin. 

The colour of the flower of our plant is deeper than the 
figure of De Candolle, but that appears to be the only 
difference between them. The species is supposed to be a 
native of Brazil. 

( 3912 ) 

Oncidium ornithorhynchum. Bird's- 
beak Oncidium. 

****** tf*t* ******* 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord.— OnciiiDE^. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium explanatum. Sepala scpius undulata ; late- 
ralibus nunc sub labello connatis. Pctala conformia. La- 
bellum maximum, ecalcaratum, cum columna continuum. 
varie lobatum, basi tuberculatum v. cristatum. Columna 
libera semiteres, apice utrinque alata. Anthera semibilo- 
cularis, rostello nunc abbreviate nunc elongate- rostrate. 
Pollinia 2, postice sulcata, caudicula plana, glandula ob- 
lonoa.— Herbae epiphytal, nunc pseudo-bulbosa. Folia con- 
acea. Scapi paniculati -caginati, rarius simplices. Flores 
speciosi, lutei 3 scepius maculati, raro albi. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Oncidium ornithorhynchum; pseudo-bulbis ovatis diphyllis, 
foliis ensiformibus recurvis scapo pamculato brevior- 
ibus, sepalis lineari-oblongis undulat.s reflexis omnino 
liberis, labelli panduriformis lobis laterahbusacutis in- 
termedio bilobo, crista e lamellis 5 crenatis apice ros- 
tratis constants columme alis cuneatis dentatis, stig- 
mate longe rostrato. Lindl. » 

Oncidium ornithorhynchum. Humb. et Kunth W Gen. 
Am, v. 1. t. 80. Lindl. Gen. et Spec Orchid p. 204. 
Batem. Orchid. Mex. et Guatem. t. 4. Lindl. Bot. Reg. 
1840, t. 10. et Miscell. n. 95. 

This graceful and curious plant is a native of Mexico and 
Guatemala, growing on mountains of considerable eleva- 
tion, and was first made known to this country by GLU. 

Skinner, Esq., who sent living plants to Mr. Bateman. 
Its drooping* panicles of numerous rose-coloured flowers are 
exceedingly beautiful, and they are moreover fragrant. 

Descr. Pseudo-bulbs ovate, oblong, compressed, smooth, 
clustered, partially sheathed at the base, green, bearing 
two linear-lanceolate, somewhat membranous leaves at the 
summit. From the base of the pseudo-bulb the scape 
arises, but soon becomes drooping, a foot or more long, 
including the panicle of graceful flowers, of a beautiful 
rose colour. Sepals spreading, linear-oblong, waved, as 
well as the petals, which are also spreading and oblong, 
but broader than the sepals. Lip deflexed, three-lobed, 
the side lobes spreading, acute, (between them is a yellow 
crest of five, crenate laminae,) the middle lobe dilated, 
rounded, and emarginate at the point. Column short, white 
at the base, swollen and yellow below the concave stigma y 
above, on each side, furnished with a large, fan-shaped, 
crenate wing; clinandrium rostrate, and the hemispherical 
anther-case terminates in a long beak corresponding with it. 
Pollen-masses two,obovate, attached to a long, filiform, 

Fig. 1. Column. 2. Lip. 3. Pollen-mass: — magnified. 



r //X-U 

( 3913 ) 

Stylidium recurvum. Recurved 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Stylidie^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cah/cis limbus bilabiatus. Corolla irregularis 5-fida, 
lacinia quinta (labello) dissimili minore saapius deflexa, 
reliquis patentibus interdum geminatim cohaerentibus. Co- 
lumna genitalium reclinata duplici flexura. Antherce bilobae 
lobis divaricatissimis. Stigma obtusutn indivisum. Cap- 
sula bilocularis septo superne interdum incompleto. — Her- 
bae aut sufFruticuli. Folia aut radicalia rosulata aut secus 
cautem sparsa, interdum basi attenuata. Pili sapius apice 
glandulosi. D C. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Stylidium recurvum; caule ramoso, foliis apice ramorum 
confertis subulatis recurvis marginibus basin versus 
membranaceis, pedunculis confertis subcymosis sub- 
terminalibus, genuine lineari. Graham. 

I first saw this species in the nursery of Mr. Cunningham, 
Comely Bank, near Edinburgh, where it flowered in a frame 
in May, 1840. In the month following, we received it at 
the Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, from Mr. Henderson's 
nursery in the Edgeware-road, and at the same time from 
Mr. Jackson, Nurseryman, Kingston, Surrey. It is indigen- 
ous to the neighbourhood of Swan River, Australia, and in 
the arrangement of the species should stand near Stylidium 

Descr. Stem (in the specimens described six inches 
high) suffruticose, slender, much branched in tufts, and 


there sending down long wiry roots, glabrous, red, almost 
incased in leaves. Leaves numerous all along the branches, 
but much crowded, and spreading in a stellate form at their 
apices, subulate, mucronulate, arched backwards, shining, 
somewhat rough, of deep green colour, with a membranous, 
colourless, ragged border on each side near the base. Pe- 
duncles crowded from the apex of the branches, pubescent, 
cymose. Calyx five-partite, unequal, persisting ; segments 
elliptical, concave internally, pubescent on the outside. Co- 
rolla (nine lines across in the greatest diameter) five-cleft, in 
the unexpanded bud yellow on the outside, reddish -orange 
within ; tube glabrous and shining, pale green, twisted ; 
limb spreading, flat, salmon-coloured and glabrous in front, 
yellow in the throat, white and gland uloso-pubescent be- 
hind ; lip recurved, small, ovate, of nearly uniform reddish- 
colour, turgid and shining, having at its base two erect 
teeth white or greenish and tipped with red : other segments 
of the limb elliptical, the pair most distant from the lip 
being the largest. Column flattened, green and twisted 
immediately above the germen, of an uniform brown tinge 
in front beyond the first flexure and green behind, beyond 
the second flexure (which forms a right angle) green both 
in front and behind, but edged with brown, and having a 
whorl of spreading, crystalline, moniliform, partly-coloured 
hairs at the apex. Anthers green, bursting along the front, 
and then reflexed in two parallel lines across the column of 
fructification; pollen abundant, granules small, greenish- 
white. Stigma rounded, villous. Germen linear, trigon- 
ous, equal at the apex, distinctly furrowed along two sides, 
more obscurely along the third, pubescent, the hairs as well 
as those on the peduncle, pedicels, and calyx, short, spread- 
ing, glandular. Graham. 

Fig. 1. Front, and 2. side view of a Flower: — magnified. 



( 3914 ) 

Opuntia decumbens. Decumbent Opuntia; 
or Prickly Fig". 

l^, A'. ■ V I / . .^r , V I', , V 1 / , .'j', A'- V l / , ■ S I / . M', ,St / - M'- .Sit', .^l'. ^V. .SU .St'. .SU 

vf.' vf." vf.' vf." vf. vf." vf." vf. '/f. 1 vf." vf." vf." vf." vf." ■/'IS" vf." vf? vf." vf? 

C7«ss «nrf Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Cacte^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala numerosa ovario adnata foliiformia, summa plana 
brevia, intima petaliformia obovata, expansa, tubo supra 
ovarium nullo. Stamina petalis breviora; filamentis tenui- 
bus, tactu subirritabilibus. Stylus cylindricus^ basi con- 
strictus. Stigmata 3 — 8 erecta crassa. Bacca ovata apice 
umbilicata, tuberculosa, saepius spinifera. Embryo subspi- 
ralis, teretiusculus. Cotyledones semiteretes., germinantes 
foliaceae, planar, crassae. Plumula parva. — Frutices ; trunco 
ramisque cylindricis aut compresso-articulatis, articulis ova- 
tis aut oblongis, fasciculos aculeorum aut setarum, ordine 
quincunciali seu spirali dispositis, gerentibus. Folia subu- 
lata sediformia, caducissima sub quoque fasciculo juniore. 
Flores e fasciculis aut marginibus articulorum orti, flavi, 
rubri aut albi. Fructus minuti vel magni, virides, flavi aut 
purpurei, scepe ficiformes, edules, plerumque secundo vel 
tertio anno maturescentes. Pfeiff- 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Opuntia decumbens; articulis decumbentibus compressis 
obovatis viridibus ad areolas saturatioribus, areolis 
confertis laniferis, aculeis biformibus, superioribus se- 
taceis flavidis, inferior! bus 1—2 validis albidis. Pfeiff. 

Opuntia decumbens. " Salm. Hort. Dyck.p. 671." Pfeiff. 
Enum. Cacl.p. 154. 

Opuntia repens. " Karw." 

Opuntia irrorata. " Mart." 

This plant has been for some time an inhabitant of the 
Cactus-House in the Royal Botanic Garden of Kew, where 


the flowering specimen was drawn in June, 1841. If we 
are correct in referring it to the 0. decumbens of Pfeiffer 
(of which there cannot reasonably be a doubt), it is a native 
of Mexico ; but that author puzzles us in saying, that the 
flowers are " rubri," whereas in our plant they are of a 
decided, and not deep, yellow colour. He further adds, 
that the articulations are in the German collections always 
unarmed, though he describes them, perhaps from the notes 
of Karwinski, as spinous. That author (Karwinski) speaks 
of the spots of the articuli as being red, whereas they truly 
are, (according also with Pfeiffer's statement,) of a deeper 
green than the rest of the articulation. 

Descr. Our plant is about two feet in length, disposed 
to be decumbent, of a lively green, the articulations obo- 
vate, thick, but much compressed, at and below the areolae 
having a deep coloured, oblong spot : the areola composed 
of small pulvinate tufts, with one "or two small spines often 
recurved, but at the base of the articulation is generally a 
solitary, acicular spine, about three-fourths of an inch long. 
Flowers three to four together. Ovary an inch or more 
long, green. Petals spreading, obovate, waved, yellow : 
Stamens and stigma also yellow. 


( 3915 ) 



Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Rutace,e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 4-fidus persistens. Petala 4, ovata persistentia. 
Stamina 8, rarius 4 sepalis opposita antherifera, 4 altera 
abortiva, filamentis ciliatis incurvis. Styli 4 erecti approx- 
imati aut inter se coaliti. Carpella 4 bivalvia introrsum 
connata in capsulam 4-lobam 4-loc. Semina in loc. sub- 
solitaria ovata compressa. Embryo rectus in albumine ear- 
noso, radicula infera. — Frutices Nova Hollandice. Folia 
opposita. Pedunculi axillares. F lores scepius purpuras- 
centes. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Boronia crenulata ; glabra, foliis obovatis crenulatis mar- 
ginatis internodia superantibus basi cuneatis integer- 
rimis, floribus solitariis, axillaribus, sepalis ovatis sub- 
acutis ciliatis, filamentis lanatis, alterius longioribus 
apice dentatis. Graham. 

Boronia crenulata. Smith Trans. Soc. Linn. 8. 284. D C. 
Prodr. 1. 721. Sprengel 3 Syst. Veget. 2. 215. Lmdl. 
Bot. Reg. 1838, tab. 12. 

This very pretty plant flowered in the greenhouse of the 
o-arden of the Caledonian Horticultural Society in Septem- 
ber, having been communicated by Messrs. Loddiges at 
Hackney. It had long been known as a native ot King 
George's Sound ; but has only recently been received into 
cultivation in this country. m 

Descr. Shrub (two feet six inches high in the specimen 

described) erect; branches slender, erect; twigs shortly 

' villous. 

villous. Leaves (half an inch long, a quarter of an inch 
broad) numerous, evergreen, coriaceous, distichous, erect, 
presenting one edge outward, longer than the internodes, 
obovate, obscurely triplinerved, alike on both sides, dark 
green, having a cartilaginous, crenulated border. Flowers 
axillary, solitary, on peduncles which are much shorter 
than the leaves, and concealed by one or two pairs of small, 
opposite, sheathing, subacute, adpressed, green, imbricated, 
slightly ciliated scales. Calyx of four leaflets, similar to the 
scales of the peduncle, but larger and more obviously cili- 
ated. Petals four, ovate, coriaceous, red, more than twice 
as long as the calyx. Stamens eight, alternately longer, 
all much shorter than the petals ; filaments woolly, and the 
longer ones swollen upwards, and toothed on the back 
below the anthers ; anthers ovate, bilocular, attached to the 
filament by the back, bursting longitudinally on the inner 
side. Pistil rather shorter than the stamens; stigma incon- 
spicuous ; style stout, erect, tapering, furrowed on four 
sides, green; germen green, ovate, four-lobed, four-celled ; 
ovules two in each cell. Graham. 

Fig. 1. Flower, from which the Petals are removed. 2. Petal 3 Ovary 
and Disk. 4. 5. Stamens. 6. Leaf:— magnified. 

Pub. by 

( 3916 3917 ) 

Nelumbium speciosum. Sacred Bean of 
India ; deep rose-coloured var. 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Nymph^eace^;. — Nelumbiace-e. Lindl. 
Torr., and Gray.) 

Generic Character. 

Carpella plurima distincta 1— 2-sperma monostyla toro 
elevato obconico superne profunde foveolato immersa. Se- 
mina in quoque carpello solitaria exarillata exalbuminosa. 
— Herbae Nymphaas omnino cemulantes. Flores ampli, rosei 
aut Jlavi. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Nelumbium speciosum; corolla polypetala, antheris ultra 
loculos in appendicem clavatam productis. DC. 

Nelumbium speciosum. (For the Synonyms and history of 
the plant see tab. 903 of this work : but to the Synon- 
yms may be added) De Cand. Prodr. 1. p. 114. 
Spreng. Syst. Veget. 2. p. 634. Wight, III. oflnd. Bot. 

(0.) floribus intense roseis.— f Ta&. nostr. 3916, 3917 J 
( y .) floribus albis. Wight, III. of lnd. Bot. vol. 1. p. 27. 
tab. 9. 

Were not this an acknowledged variety of the well 
known Nelumbium speciosum of Eastern India, already 
figured at tab. 903 of this work, chiefly, indeed depending 
oS the deeper colour of the blossom it would still be 
deserving of another representation ;— for, assuredly, that 
already liven affords no adequate idea of the size and 
beauty of this truly magnificent flower. The opportunity 
of making this delineation was kindly granted us at Syon 
Gardens, so eminently rich in the vegetable products of 
the East Indies. There this plant flowered m great : perfec- 
tion during the months of July and August, 1841, and 
the blossoms were succeeded by fruit which promised to 


vol. xv. H 

come to maturity. The luxuriance and the free blossom- 
ing of this specimen were attributed by the very skilful gar- 
dener to the water in the cistern being frequently changed, 
while the cistern itself was placed in a damp stove, suited 
to Palms and Orchideous epiphytes. In this situation, the 
petioles rose to the height of four and five feet, crowned 
with their ample foliage, and the peduncles to the height of 
six feet, terminated by their equally ample blossoms. 

The colour of the petals is usually a pale (but not dingy, 
as represented in our tab. 903) rose colour. Here the hue 
was much richer and deeper. Sometimes the flowers are 
white, as exhibited in Dr. Wight's u Illustrations of Indian 
Botany ;" and not seldom, as shown in Chinese drawings 
and on porcelain from that country, are they white, tipped 
and streaked with rose colour. 

On our visiting Syon Gardens a second time, in company with 
Baron Hugel, when the fruit had almost come to maturity, that dis- 
tinguished Botanist and Traveller observed that, in that state, the nuts 
are generally eaten in Hindostan at the dessert, and have an agreeable 
flavor, not unlike that of Filberts. Dr. Wight also remarks that, both 
in the East Indies and in China, the creeping root-like stems and nuts 
are used as food. The leaf and flower-stalks, too, he tells us, abound in 
spiral tubes, more loosely combined and perhaps stronger than the same 
vessels in most other vascular plants. These, in the southern provinces 
of India, are extracted with great care, by gently breaking the stems and 
slowly drawing apart the ends. Long pieces of the spiral filament are 
thus uncoiled. From these filaments are prepared those wicks, which, 
on great and solemn religious occasions, are burnt in the lamps of the 
Hindoos, and placed before the shrines of their gods. Similar wicks 
are formed of the spiral tubes of some of the Nympheas, but are not 
thought so sacred. 

Of the N. speciosum, De Candolle makes two varieties : — j5. 
Tamara; staminibus exterioribus sterilibus apice dilatatis alatis obcor- 
aatis, appendice ex emarginatura orta; a native of Malabar; — and 5. 
Caspicum; petalis interioribus vix externis minoribus obtusis, the N. 
Caspicum of Fisch. MSS., and a native of the embouchures of the 
Volga, near Astrachan. Judging from this character, as well as from 
specimens in the Herbarium, received from Dr. Fischer, this latter 
does not seem to be different from the plant here figured. 

For an accurate description and classical history of this plant, we 
refer, with great satisfaction, to the description accompanying the 
figure at tab. 903 of this work. Of its close affinity with Nelumbium 
tuteum (Bot. Mag. tab. 2753,) we have already spoken, in describing 
that plant : I may further add, after a careful examination of the two 
species, that the anthers of N. speciosum are terminated by an appen- 
dage very little different from that of N. luteum ; and that, except in 
the colour of the blossoms, and the more muricated petioles and pedun- 
cles of N. speciosum, the two can scarcely be distinguished by any 
tangible marks. J 6 

t-,nI A ?" 3916 i, 7 er J reduce d drawing of the Plant. Tab. 3917. Flower and por- 
tion of a small Leaf : nat. size. 

( 3918 ) 

Stuartia pentagyna. Five-styled 

Class and Order. 


Generic Character. 

Sepala 5, magis minusve ad basin unita, 1-bibracteata. 
Petala 5 — 6 ad basin unita. Staminum tubus brevissiinus 
cum basin petalorum adnatus. Styli 5, filiformes, liberi, vel 
in unurn coaliti. Capsula sublignosa, 5-locularis, 5-valvis. 
Semina 2 in quoque loculo, submarginata.— Frutices Ame- 
rica septentrionalis prcecipue in regionibus Australibus. 
Folia ovata membranacea decidua. Flores magni sohtarn 
axillares sessiles ochroleuci. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Stuartia* pentagyna; foliis ovatis acuminatis grosse ser- 
ratis, sepalis lanceolatis, petalorum margmibus undu- 
lato-crenatis, stylis 5 liberie capsulis pentagonis 

Stuartia pentagyna. UHerit. Stirp. t. 74 . JTiUd. Sp. 
PI v 3 p 840. Smith, Ex. Flora, t. 101. Pursh, 
FL Am. v. 2. p. 452. Elliott, Carol. 2. p. 173. Torr. 
et Gray, Am. v.}. p. 224. 

Malachodendron ovatum. Cav. Diss. 5 t. 15». Mien 
Am v. 2. p. 43. De Cand. Prodr. v. I. p. b2S Lindl. 
Bot. Reg. t. 1104. Spreng. Syst. Veg. 3. p. 126. 

We are dad to find our friends Drs. Torrev and Gray 
a-ree with Sir James Smith in uniting the Genus Malacho- 


* So named in honor of John Stuart, Marquis of Bute, a great patron 
of Botany in his day. 

dendron with Stuartia, for nothing can be more evident, as 
the latter author remarks, than that these two plants must 
form one natural Genus. Indeed, he continues, their seve- 
ral varieties so closely approach each other, that the greatest 
practical Botanists have been in the habit of confounding 
them as one species. This species, an inhabitant of the 
mountains of Carolina and Georgia, seems to have been 
among us first cultivated at Kew, long before 1785, when 
Sir James Smith received the specimens which he figured 
in the ee Exotic Flora." Our specimens are derived from 
the same source. The bushes have a truly beautiful ap- 
pearance, with their large, cream-coloured blossoms resem- 
bling those of a fine single white Rose, or even more like 
those of a Mespilus, the outside tinged with bright red. It 
flowers in July and August, and seems quite hardy : yet it 
is not common in gardens. 

Descr. A shrub, eight to ten feet high, much branched ; 
the young branches, petioles, and often the foliage, deeply 
tinged with red. Leaves alternate, on red petioles, which 
are three-fourths of an inch long, ovate, acuminate, strongly 
veined, and generally deeply serrated with sharp teeth, the 
margin often red. Flowers axillary, solitary, large. Calyx 
of five deep, oblongo-lanceolate segments, stained with 
bright red. Petals six in our specimens, one generally rather 
smaller than the rest, and deeply stained with red on the 
back, all of them rounded, very concave, much waved, and 
crenulated at the margin, united at the base by means, as 
it were, of the short, staminal tube; this tube separates into 
a great number of filaments. Anthers rounded, orange. 
Germen ovate, hairy, five-angled, and terminating in five 
styles, shorter than the stamens. 

Fig. 1. Portion of the Staminal Tube, with the base of a Petal. 2. Pis- 
til : — magnified. 

Pnh Iff S. fnriis /,/,,. -,■,/„,,,,,/ / 

( 3919 ) 

Aquilegia Skinneri. Mr. Skinner's 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Ranunculace*:. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 5-sepalus, deciduus, colorato-petaloideus ; petala 
5 superne hiantia bilabiata, labio exteriore magno piano, 
interiore minimo, deorsum producta in calcaria totidem cava 
apice callosa inter sepala exserta. Ovaria 5. Capsuled 
totidem erectae oo-spermae stylis acuminata?, D C. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Aquilegia Mexicana; glabra, calcaribus patenti-rectis lon- 
gissimis limbo quintuplo longioribus, sepalis lanceola- 
tis petalorum limbo duplo longioribus, staminibus lon- 
gissime exsertis stylos 3 — 5 excedentibus. 

This, the finest of the Genus Aquilegia yet known to us, 
(if we except, perhaps, the A. ccerulea of Torrey, — A. ma- 
crantha, Hook, et Arn., Bot. of Beech. Voy. t. 82.,)— was 
sent to Woburn Abbey, by G. U. Skinner, Esq., from 
Guatemala ; a country much to the South of any which had 
been previously supposed to produce a species of Colum- 
bine. North America reckons four species, A. Canadensis, 
L.,— A. formosa, Fischer,— A. ccerulea, Torr.,— and A. 
hrevistyla, Hooker. All these are northern plants, or at 
least not known in the extreme South of the United States, 
nor further South on the Pacific side than Monterey in 

A. Skinneri proves to be perfectly hardy, having survived 
the severe winter of 1840-41 in the open ground at Woburn, 



and flowering in great beauty during the summer and au- 
tumn of 1841. Its nearest affinity is with A. Canadensis 
(Bot. Mag. tab. 246.) 

Descr. Root perennial. Leaves mostly radical, glau- 
cous, on long petioles, biternate ; the leaflets petiolulate and 
cordate, deeply three-lobed, the lobes variously incised, the 
teeth or segments blunt and rounded. Stem two to three 
feet high, panicled above, and bracteated ; bracteas linear- 
subulate, leafy. Pedicels curved, so that the flowers are 
drooping. Sepals ovato-lanceolate, acuminate, keeled, 
green, erect with regard to the axis, more than twice as 
long as the limb of the petals. Petals with the limb yellow- 
green and rounded, prolonged at the base into a very 
long, nearly straight, hollow, tubular, lively red spur, com- 
pressed, but gradually attenuated into a slight, curved, 
clubbed extremity. The great length of this spur, nearly 
two inches, essentially characterizes the species. Stamens 
numerous, much protruded, so that the base of the calyx is 
near the centre of the flower. Germen with broad, mem- 
branous, crisped wings. Sti/les 3. — After flowering, the 
young fruit-bearing flower-stalks become erect. 

Fig. 1. Petal ; seen from within ; not. size. 2. Pistils ; — magnified. 


( 3920 ) 


Class and Order. 
Syngenesia iEouALis. 

( Nat. Ord. — Composite. ) 

Generic Character. 

Capitulum multiflorum homogamum. Receptaculum e- 
bracteolatum. Involucrum floribus aequale cylindraceum, 
squamis subimbricatis lineari-acuminatis subfoliaceis. Co- 
rolla graciles, tubulosae, 5-dentatae. Anthem basi setiferae. 
Stigmata longa apice obtusa appendice acuta forte aucta 
(Cass. J. Achenium subcylindricum hispidum, areola late- 
ralis stipite gracili e centro alveolorum orto insidens. Pa- 
wns' paleis 5 Longissimis 1-seriatis basi coneretis longe plu- 
mosis.— Herba Nova Hollandice, glabra, annua. Folia al- 
terna amplexicaulia lineari-semilanceolata integernma acu- 
minata. Capitula ad apices ramorum aphyllorum sohtana. 
Flores Jlavescentes. Invol. subaraneosum. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Podotheca* gnaphalioides ; foliis lanceolato-linearibus, in- 
volucro imbricato conico corollis breviori, squamis m- 
aequalibus exterioribus ovato-lanceolatis herbaceis ex- 
trorsum glanduloso-pubescentibus introrsum Janatis, 
interioribus linearibus scariosis. Graham. 

This very distinct species was raised at the nursery garden 
of Messrs. James Dickson & Sons, Edinburgh, m spring, 


* Name derived from *•*, «**, a foot, and W, a fruit or capsule, in 
allusion to the stalk of the fruit. 

1841,, from a collection of Swan River seeds, communicated 
the year before by Mr. Murray, Lintrose. It flowered 
abundantly in July and August, but ripened no seed. It 
has, however, been struck from cuttings by Mr. Kelly, the 
intelligent superintendant of Messrs. Dickson's establish- 

Descr. Annual. Stem much branched at the base ; 
branches generally subdivided at the top, glanduloso-pubes- 
cent, enlarged like an obverse, hollow cone under the capi- 
tula. Leaves scattered, lanceolato-linear, smaller upwards, 
glanduloso-pubescent on both sides, three-nerved, the mid- 
dle rib strong, the edges reflex ed. Capitula solitary, ter- 
minal. Involucre (an inch and a half long) conical ; scales 
adpressed, imbricated; the outer ones herbaceous, ovato- 
lanceolate, acute, glanduloso-pubescent on the outside, 
woolly within ; the inner ones linear, coriaceous, glabrous, 
except at the apex where they are woolly, and where some 
of them are herbaceous and lanceolate. Receptacle convex, 
tubercled, without hairs or chaff. Flowers yellow, longer 
than the involucre, and forming upon its apex a spheroidal 
head. Corolla tubular, glabrous ; tube very slender, dilated 
at the apex ; limb five-partite, spreading, segments ovate, 
blunt. Stamens included, inserted below the dilated por- 
tion of the tube ; anthers with some soft, waved hairs at 
their base, and ovate, subacute, free appendages at their 
apex. Germen white, oblong, hairy, with an oblique, 
oblong pit at the base, from the centre of which is protrud- 
ed a slender but short and firm thread, by which it is attach- 
ed to the outside of the base of the corresponding conical 
tubercle on the receptacle. Style exserted, bifid ; its seg- 
ments revolute. Stigmas blunt. Pappus of five scales, 
united at the base, much attenuated, nearly as long as the 
tube of the corolla, plumose. Graham. 



( 3921 ) 

Otochilus fusca. Brownish-flowered 


Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala et petala aequalia, libera, patentia. Labellum tri- 
lobum, lobis lateralibus auriformibus basin columnae ara- 
plectantibus, intermedio patente elongato sepalis conformi, 
cristis nullis. Columna elongata, clavata, semiteres. An- 
thera terminalis, bilocularis, septo medio bipartibili, et 
hinc bivalvis, valvis anticis et posticis medio septiferis. 
Pollinia 4, incumbentia, (gg) ad basin materie granulosa 
cohaerentia. — Herbae supra arbores repentes rhizomate des- 
titute, sed pseudo-bulbis semper e latere apicis sua sobolife- 
ris. Racemi multiflori e latere pseudo-bulborum, basi vagi- 
nati. Stigma labio superiore ovato producto. LindL 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Otochilus * fusca ; pseudo-bulbis elongatis fusiformibus, 

foliis lineari-lanceolatis, sepalis petalisque obtusis. 

Otochilus fusca. LindL in Wall. Cat. n. 1967. Gen. et 

Sp. Orchid, p. 35. 
Broughtonia? amaena. Wall, in Ic. Bibl. Anglo-lndica. 

n. 642. 

A very singular, but by no means showy, epiphyte ; an 
inhabitant of the trunks of trees in Nepal, and by Dr. 


* Name derived from ar, »to?, an ear, and x?i\o<;, a lip; in allusion to the 
little ear-like appendages at the base of the Lip. 

Wallich introduced to the stoves of this country. Our 
plant flowered at the Glasgow Botanic Garden, February, 

Descr. Pseudo-bulbs elongated, compressed and some- 
what fusiform, proliferous., and thus creeping, as it were, by 
means of fibres from the joints, and these are frequently 
clothed at the base with large, brown, sheathing scales. 
The upper or younger pseudo-bulbs are terminated by two 
linear- lanceolate, more or less recurved, very acute or 
almost acuminated leaves. From the extremity of a series 
of young pseudo-bulbs, tipped with two young leaves, the 
almost sessile spike t or raceme, originates. This is pendent 
and has many small pale-coloured flowers; each subtended 
by a rather large, linear, concave bractea. Sepals spread- 
ing, linear, white, or with a faint tinge of flesh-colour. 
Petals similar to them, but narrower. Lip three-lobed, the 
base very concave, with a small lobe, or tooth, on each 
side ; the middle one long, deflexed, linear, acute, white, 
resembling the petals or sepals, contracted at the base. Co- 
lumn brown, elongated, nearly terete, but a little thickened 
and curved upwards. Anther-case placed in front of this, a 
little below the apex, hemispherical. Pollen-masses four, 
united by a granulose substance. 

Fig. 1. Flower, (from which the Sepals are removed,) with the Bractea. 
2. Pollen-masses, anterior and posterior view: — magnified. 


I'lih I'll . > Hi Hi.: fill 

trFeW. 1342 

( 3922 ) 

Cereus cverulescens. Blue-stemmed 

Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Cacte/E. ) 
Generic Character. 

Sepala numerosissima imbricata, basi ovario adnata, in 
tubum elongatum concreta, exteriora breviora calicinalia, 
media longiora colorata, intima petaliforrnia. Stamina nu- 
merosissima cum tubo concreta. Stylus Hliformis, apice 
multifidus. Bacca areolata, sepalorum rehquis squamata 
aut tuberculosa. Cotyledones acuminata;.— Frutices car- 
nosi subglobosi vel elongati, stricti, artkulati vel repentes, 
axi 'ligneo interne medullifero donati, angiitis verticahbus, 
smnarum fasciculos gerentibus vel inermibus, regulariter 
Llcati Anguli seu alee nunc plurimce, nunc paucissim<e, 
rarius'duce tantum, et tunc rami compresso-alati inermes 
Flores ampli e spinarum fasciculis laterahbustrunci aut 
ramorum vetustiorum, aut crenis angulorum orti. b ructus 
oviformes, plerumque anno sequente maturescentes 3 edules. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Cereus carulescens ; erectus apice attenuatus caerulescens 
8-angularis, costis obtusis crenatis, areohs approxima- 
tis aculeis acicularibus e tomento nigro bicolonbus 
albis aut nigris, exterioribus sub-12 radiantibus, cen- 
tralibus 3—4, summo saepe validiore, alabastro cla- 
vato, flore amplissimo, petalis undulato-dentatis 

Cereus caerulescens. « Hort. Dyck. p.33b." Pfeiff. Enum. 

Cereus ffifhiojs. « H aw. Phil. Mag. 1830, p. 109 ?" 

In July 1841, the specimen of this Cereus, about four 
feet in height and nearly three inches in the thickesUha- 


meter of its unbranched stem, produced its truly splendid 
flowers, which do not appear to have been known to any 
author. In point of magnitude and delicacy of structure, 
the blossoms are equal and even superior to those of the 
far-famed C. grandiflorus. 

When we look at the strange forms of the stems of many 
of this curious tribe of plants, and the grandeur and beauty, 
whether of form or colour, of the blossoms of others, we 
cannot wonder that this family should become favourites 
with the cultivators of the present day; when, thanks to 
our extended commercial intercourse with South America, 
every year, 1 might almost say, every month, brings to 
light new forms among this singular race. Perhaps no 
limited portion of the New World can exhibit to the eye 
such assemblages of CactejE as are now to be met with in 
many collections in England and upon the continent. It 
has been, we cannot doubt correctly, said, that Great 
Britain, at this time, possesses more Cedars of Lebanon 
than Mount Lebanon itself can exhibit; so with equal 
justice we believe may this country boast the possession of 
more Cacte^e than fall to the lot of any single empire or 
republic in all the Western World, which portion of our 
globe alone is known to yield native species. That vast 
continent has supplied our gardens, from the temperate 
parts in North America to the southern extremity of Chiloe. 
France and Holland and the Royal Garden of Berlin, are 
known to cultivate these plants on an extensive scale: but 
it would be strange if our vast commercial intercourse did 
not place our own collections at the head of the list; and 
we believe that it may with truth be asserted, that the 
garden at Woburn Abbey possesses the finest general 
collection of Cacte,e, in point of number and size of the 
specimens ; while that of the Rev. Mr. Williams at 
Hendon is unrivalled for Melocacti and Echinocacti ; and 
that of Mr. Lambert, of Boyton House, Wiltshire, will 
bear the palm in Cerei and OpuntijE. This collection, 
which, be it observed, is one of the first that was formed 
on an extensive scale in this country, Mr. Lambert has 
recently presented to the Royal Botanic Garden of Kew ; 
thus conferring a national benefit on the country, and 
(united as it is with a very rich collection already possessed 
by the Royal Gardens) at the same time elevating our 
Cactus collection to the first rank among those of Europe. 

Descr. Our plant of Cereus carulescens exhibits an 
unbranched stem of about four feet in height, of a singu- 

larly blue or glaucous colour, with about eight deep 
furrows, the ridges prominent, obtuse, notched ; the areoles 
rather close, bearing dense tufts of dark-coloured down, 
and from ten to twelve spreading, black, or black and 
white, acicular or subulate, strong aculei, and two or three 
central ones, of which one is longer and stronger than the 
rest. Flowers of very large size spring from an areole of 
the ridges. Bud clavate, seven to eight inches long, 
glabrous, clothed with olive or reddish-green scales, which 
pass upwards into sepals. Petals spreading, white, spa tit- 
illate, acute, their margins crisped and serrated. Stamens 
exserted, forming a circle around the style and the long, 
many- (about twelve) rayed stigma. 

Since the above was written, and indeed while the proof sheet is 
still in type, science has had to deplore the loss of this distinguished 
and venerable Botanist. Feeling his end approaching, Mr. Lambert 
expressed the most earnest desire to be removed from his town resi- 
dence in Grosvenor Street to Kew, where he had, in a declining state 
of health, passed the previous summer and autumn, that he might be 
near that Botanic Garden, in the prosperity of which he had always 
taken (as proved by the above-mentioned munificent donation) such a 
lively interest, and where he was sure of meeting with the attentions 
which his condition required, at the hands of a few devoted friends. 
In that retired Hamlet, and under the roof of a most kind and devot- 
edly attentive family, he breathed his last, without any apparent suffer- 
ing. The writer of this brief notice, who had been honored with his 
friendship, and encouraged in the pursuit of Botany by his notice, for 
a period of thirty years, had the mournful satisfaction of witnessing 
his departure, on the 10th of January, 1842, in the eighty-first year of 
his age. An abler pen, it is hoped, will record the valuable services 
which Mr. Lambert rendered to science for a protracted series of years, 
during which lie amassed one of the most valuable botanical libraries 
and richest Herbaria that has ever been formed by any private 


( 3923 ) 

Myanthus deltoideus. Triangular- 
lipped Fly-Wort. 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — OrchidE;E. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium explanation. Sepala libera, aequalia, latera- 
libus paululuni ascendentibus. Petala conformia angusti- 
ora, sepalo supremo supposita. Labellum planum, obova- 
tum, 3-dentatum sepalis brevius. Columna erecta, teres, 
basi bicirrhosa, postice ad cardinem antherae longe pro- 
ducta. Anthera et pollinia Cataseti. — Epiphyta, Cataseti 
omnino vegetatione. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Myanthus deltoideus; labello imberbi sagittate- triangulari 
angiitis posticis rotundatis dentatis apice dilatato cal- 
loso margine recurvo basi tuberculato. Lindl. 

Myanthus deltoideus. Lindl. Bot. Reg. t. 1896. 

A native of British Guiana, and first cultivated, it would 
appear, by Richard Harrison, Esq., of Liverpool. 1 am 
indebted for the specimen here represented to Charles 
Horsfall, Esq., of that town. It is a most distinct species 
of the Genus, or subgenus, as it is, perhaps, with more pro- 
priety, to be considered, of Catasetum. The lip has a very 
remarkable structure. 

Descr. Pseudo-bulbs clustered, ovato-oblong, furrowed, 
the old ones naked, the younger ones clothed with the stri- 
ated, sheathing bases of the leaves. Leaves four to five, 
oblong, membranous, striated, attenuated at the base, 
acute at the point. Scape from the base of the pseudo- 

bulb and from within the sheath of the lowest leaf, a foot or 
more high, zigzag among the flowers. Sepals spreading, 
narrow -lanceolate, green, spotted with purple. Petals 
erect, lying within the upper sepal, of the same shape as 
the sepals, but paler, yellower green, and with more distinct 
spots. Lip shorter than the sepals and petals, triangular, 
deflexed, cordate at the base, and deeply saccate in the 
disk, the apex toothed, with the middle tooth cuspidate. 
The colour is yellow-green, spotted with purple : the base 
purple with darker transverse streaks. Column acuminated, 
at the base furnished with two cirrhi, as is the anther-case. 
Pollen-masses as in the Genus. 

Fig. 1. Flower, from which the Sepals are removed. 2. Pollen-masses : 
— magnified. 


( 3924 ) 

Mimulus roseus; (hybridus) var. Maclainianus. 

Mr. Maclain's hybrid var. of the Rose-coloured 


Class and Order, $c— (See Tab. 3353.) 

Beautiful as are the now well known species of Mimulus 
from California, M. roseus and M. cardinalis, this, we think, 
exceeds them both in the size and rich colouring of the 
flower ; and we cannot doubt but when it shall be in more 
general cultivation, it will become a great favourite. We 
have seen it growing at the Horticultural Society, but our 
fine flowering specimen was received in June, 1841, from 
Mr. Ferguson, the Curator of the Belfast Botanic Garden, 
under the name of M. Maclainii; Mr. Maclain, Florist, 
Harold's Cross, near Dublin, having reared it by crossing, 
as we believe, M. roseus with some other species. 

Mr. Maclain has bestowed much pains on producing 
new varieties of several highly ornamental Genera of 
plants, and, in the present instance, has proved very suc- 
cessful. He informs us, that this plant succeeds best when 
grown in rich light compost, a pan of water being placed 
under the pot, and kept in the bark stove. The flowers do 
not bear much exposure to the sun. Mr. Maclain's collec- 
tion is rich in seedling hybrids of Calceolaria, Petunia, 
Verbena, and Pelargonium. 

Fig. 1. Corolla laid open. 2. 3. Stamens. 4. Calyx including the Pistil 


( 3925 ) 

Digitalis lutea, S. fucata. Small 
Yellow Fox-glove; purplish-flowered var. 

Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Scrophularine^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 5-partitus, laciniis subinaequalibus. Corolla cam- 
panulata, limbo 4-fido. Stamina declinata. Anthera 2- 
partita?. Capsula acuminata,, valvis introflexis dissepimen- 
tum formantibus. Spreng. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Digitalis* lutea; foliis lanceolatis dentatis glabris, racemo 

secundo, corolla glabra, laciniis ovatis barbatis, lacinia 

superiore bifida, bracteis inferioribus flore longioribus. 
Digitalis lutea. Linn. Sp. PL 867. Jacq. Vindob. 2. p. 

47. t. 105. Willd. Sp. PL 7. p. 285. Ker, Bot. Reg. 

t. 251. Reich. Ic. Bot. t. 151. Spreng. Syst. Veget. 

2. p. 789. Br. in Hort. Kew. ed. 2. v. 4. p. 29. Lindl. 

Digit, p. 23. tab. 23. 
Digitalis parviflora. AIL Ped. I. p. 70. De Cand. FL Fr. 

(|3.) micrantha ; sepalis corollas subaequalibus. Lindl. I. c. 

p. 23. 
D. micrantha. " Elm. Mon. 46. t. 2." 
(y.) hybrida, floribus majoribus pallidis, caule erectiore. 

Lindl. L c. p. 23. tab. 24. 
D. hybrida. " Salv. Nuov. Bull. 3. 337. tab. 6." 
D. purpurascens, ft, 3. De Cand. FL Fr. 5. p. 411. 

* From digitate, a thimble, which the flowers of the common species 
somewhat resemble. 

($.)fucata; floribus majoribus fusco- (vel potius viridi-) 
purpureis, caule erectiore. Lindl. I. c. p. 23. tab. 25. 
—Tab. nostr. 3925. 

D. fucata. " Ehr. Beitr. 7. 151." 

D. purpurascens, y. De Cancl. Ft. Fr. b.p. 411. 

That the Digitalis lutea is a very sportive plant is clear 
to every one who has been in the habit of observing it in 
the South of Europe,, and that, in gardens, all the individuals 
of the Genus are apt to hybridize, is equally certain ; so 
that Dr. Lindley has probably not erred in referring the 
fine plant of which we here give a figure, taken from the 
Royal Botanic Garden of Kew, to that species. Whether 
the D. purpurascens of Roth (Lindl. Digit, tab. 20) be 
distinct from lutea, may also admit of doubt. The present 
variety seems to differ from it only in the notched (not 
entire) upper lip or segment of the corolla. 

The present plant is really a great ornament to our 
parterres, reaching a height of four or five feet, and bear- 
ing a succession of flowers for many weeks during the 
summer months. 

Descr. Stem erect, simple below, but when luxuriant, 
among the flowers throwing out many erect, floriferous 
branches. Root-leaves spathulate, the rest oblong- or 
ovato-lanceolate, sessile and even cordate at the base, ser- 
rated, strongly veined. Racetnes very long, of many secund 
flowers, subtended by lanceolate, acuminated bracteas, 
which below are almost as long as the flowers themselves. 
Pedicels short. Sepals ovato-oblong, acute. Corolla dingy 
yellow-green, tinged with blush above; the tube swollen all 
round at the base, and inflated below towards the apex ; 
lacinice four, rather obtuse, the upper one notched or biden- 
tate, the mouth is beset with long, delicate hairs. Stamens 
included. Anthers spotted with red. 

Fig. 1. Corolla laid open: — magnified. 

( 3926 ) 

Oncidium pubes; var. flavescens. Downy-column- 
ed Oncidium ; yellow-flowered var. 

,'i'- &- &- ,*V- -A'- A'- A'- A' A'- ■ v I / - A'- .-I'. A/. A'. &. ■4 / . ■4 / . .ST*. 
-T- v?\ 4-. - /fs vis vfs - "/jr Tfr vfr vf? "/j? Vfr •jj? vf. vf* '/^ "^. ^i? 

C7#ss and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide.s;. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium explanatum. Sepala saepius undulata: late- 
ralibus nunc sub labello connatis. Petala conformia. La- 
helium maximum, ecalcaratum, cum columna continuum, 
varie lobatum, basi tuberculatum v. cristatum. Columna 
libera, semiteres, apice utrinque alata. Anthera semibilo- 
cularis, rostello nunc abbreviato, nunc elongate- rostrato. 
Pollinia 2, postice sulcata, caudicula plana, glandula ob- 
longa. — Herbae epiphyte, nunc pseudo-bulboste. Folia cori- 
acea. Scapi paniculati, vaginati, rariiis simplices. Flores 
speciosi, lutei, s&pius maculati, rard albi. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Oncidium pubes ; bulbis subcylindricis monophyllis, foliis 
lanceolatis nervosis, panicula simplici multiflora sub- 
secunda, sepalis 4 fasciatis, inferiore breviore bidentato, 
labello pandurato lobis lateralibus angustissimis, cris- 
ta superne bicorni, columnae alis linearibus obtusis, 
apice antheraque bicomi pubescentibus. 

Oncidium pubes. Lindl. Bot. Reg. t. 1007. 

Different as the flowers of this plant appear at first sight 
from those of Oncidium pubes as figured in the Botanical 
Register, they exhibit the same form and structure. The dis- 
similarity exists only in colour ; and I have the authority of 
Dr. Lindley himself for considering it specifically the same. 
The original species has the sepals of a much greener tinge, 
and the middle lobe of the lip margined with red. It is a 


native of Brazil : first detected there by Mr. Douglas,, and 
since found in the Organ mountains by Mr. Gardner, whose 
flowering- plant, grown in the Glasgow Botanic Garden, 
is here represented. It blossomed first in October, 1839. 

Descr. Pseudo-bulbs clustered, nearly cylindrical, fur- 
rowed, but not deeply, bearing at the extremity a solitary 
leaf, which is lanceolate, obscurely nerved, somewhat cori- 
aceous, acute, almost acuminate. Scape slender, rising from 
the base of a pseudo-bulb, and, including the panicle, a foot 
or more long. Sepals and petals pale yellow-green, banded 
with orange, oblongo-spathulate, concave : the two inferior 
sepals combined into one, shorter than the upper and emar- 
ginate. Lip panduciform, bright yellow, near the base 
blotched with orange-red : the side-lobes are very narrow, 
almost linear, channelled beneath : the middle one nearly 
orbicular, of an uniform yellow colour, (not bordered with 
red, as in the plant figured in the Botanical Register). 
Near the base, the disk is crested with orange-red tuber- 
cles, and furnished with two projecting horns. Column 
pale yellow, downy above, and with a projecting, linear, 
obtuse wing on each side. Anther-case hemispherical, with 
two recurved horns at the lower margin, downy. Pollen- 
masses two, with a long, slender caudicula and a minute 

Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Lip. 3. Column. 4. Pollen-masses -.—magnified. 


A/A Ay ,i'. CitHu. Glitx^ttwtrvd 



C 3927 ) 

Arctostaphylos pungens. Sharp-pointed 
Arctostaphylos, or Bear-berry. 


Class and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Ericaceae. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 5-partitus persistens. Corolla ovato-urceolata, ore 
5-dentato revoluto brevi. Stamina 10 inclusa, filamentis 
basi subdilatatis sa?pius piloso-ciliatis, antheris compressis 
apice biporosis lateraliter biaristatis, aristis reflexis. Ova- 
rium globoso-depressum squamis 3 carnulosis cinctum. 
Stylus brevis. Stigma obtusum. Bacca (seu drupa bac- 
cataj globosa, 5 rarius 6—7 imo 10-locularis, loculis 1- 
spermis !— Suffrutices fructicesve. Folia alterna scepius 
persistentia, integra aut denticulata. Racemi terminates 
bracteati. Corollas alba aut rubra. Fructus rubri aut 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Arctostaphylos pungens; erecta, ramulis racemis foliisque 
junioribus tenuissime velutinis, foliis ovalibus oblon- 
gisve coriaceis mucronato-pungentibus utrinque acu- 
minatis coriaceis integerrimis, racemis brevibus termi- 
nalibus, bracteis acuminatis. 

Arctostaphylos pungens. H. B. K. Nov. Gen. Am. 3. p. 
836. tab. 259. De Cand. Prodr. 7. p. 584. Benth. 
PI. Hartw. n. 91. Andr. PL Exsicc. n. 261. Hart- 
weg, PL Mexic. n. 91. 

Seeds of this plant were sent from Mexico by Mr. Blair, 
to the Glasgow Botanic Garden, and the plants raised from 
them produced flowers in February, 1841, from which our 


figure was taken. Humboldt detected it first in elevated 
places about Moran and Villalpando. Andrieux found it 
in Oaxaca, and Hartweg at Zacatecas. Although there is 
no question that our plant is the same with the A. pungens 
of Humboldt and Kunth, yet it may admit of great doubt 
if that species be distinct from the Arbutus tomentosa of 
Pursh and Hook., Bot. Mag. tab. 3320 ; one of the forms 
of the var. 0, there noticed, and which variety we consider- 
ed the southern state of the plant. Certainly our Califor- 
nian variety, noticed in the Botany of Beechey's voyage, is 
identical with the Mexican pungens. Its chief character- 
istics are the absence of hairs on the stems and petioles and 
the smaller size of leaves, which are more acute, more 
obtuse, or cordate at the base. Hitherto it has been 
treated as a greenhouse plant ; but probably, this, as well 
as the more northern A. tomentosa, will be found to bear 
our winters with impunity in the open air. 

Descr. Our plant has attained a height of a foot and a 
half, is much branched ; the branches rounded ; the younger 
ones green and downy, the rest glabrous. Leaves an inch 
to an inch and a half long, elliptical, spreading, coriaceous, 
single-nerved, quite entire, acute at the base, almost acu- 
minate and pungent at the point. Racemes short, eight to 
ten-flowered, terminal, drooping. Calyx of five deep, con- 
cave, fringed, greenish-white segments. Corolla urceolate, 
white tinged with greenish-rose colour, with five short, 
spreading teeth. Stamens ten. Filaments subulate, hairy, 
contracted at the base. Anthers with two pores, and 
with two very long, flexuose awns. Ovary on a glan- 
dular disk. * & 

PiSf " \ S° Wer With Br * cteas - 2. Flower laid open. 3. Calyx and 
rxsuj. 4. btamen :— magnified. 

phyt 1 £" j >'> ™ A » ct °staphylos nitida," read - Arctosta- 
th/nlL ¥ former name was written at th e time when 

Ehrtw n Sf PP r d . to be the A - nitida of Mr - Bentham, (Plant. 
Hartw n. 483,) and omitted to be altered afterwards. 

( 3928 ) 
Pharbitis Learii. Mr. Lear's Gaybine. 


Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Convolvulace^. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 5-sepalus. Corolla campanulata, aut campanu- 
lato-infundibuliformis. Stylus \. Stigma capitato-granu- 
latum. Ovarium 3-rarius 4-loculare, loculis dispermis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms, 

Pharbitis Learii; radice tuberosa, foliis cordatis acumi- 
natis integris trilobisque pilosis undique viridibus, 
cymis multifloris capitatis, pedunculo foliis longiore, 
sepalis bracteisque linearibus acuminatis adpresse pilo- 
sis. Lindl. 

Pharbitis Learii. Lindl. Bot. Reg. 1841, t. 56. 

Ipom2ea Learii. Paxton, Mag. of Bot. v. 6. p. 267. 

The splendid specimen here figured of this most beauti- 
ful plant is from the greenhouse of Mr. Curtis at Glazen- 
wood nursery, and the drawing from the pencil of Miss 
Georgiana Curtis. It is a native of Buenos Ayres, and 
was sent by Mr. Mandeville, our minister in that country, 
to the Hon. W. F. Strangways, who have thus jointly the 
honour of introducing one of the most ornamental of plants 
to our greenhouses and conservatories. 

By the older writers this plant would be referred to the 
ill-defined Genus Ipom^ea. But Moench, as M. Choisy 
remarks, had long observed that many Ipomjsas, not unfre- 
quent in our gardens, (for example, I. Nil, hederacea, pur- 
purea, #c.,) which have the most striking analogy in habit, 
might be distinguished by the name of Convolvuloides, dis- 
tinguished by an ovary of three cells, each of two seeds. 


VOL. xv. 

This name, however, being untenable, Choisy proposed 
the present one, in allusion to the beauty and variety of 
colours* displayed in the greater number of the species; — 
and, certainly, which shine pre-eminently in this. 

At Mr. Knight's, Nursery, King's Road, Chelsea, a fine 
plant of this, forty feet in length, produced no less than 
sixty thousand flowers, expanding successively, from three 
to eight hundred a day. 

The species of the Genus are mostly of American origin. 
Pharbitis Nil (see our Tab. 188.) is, indeed, universally 
distributed throughout the tropics; P. hispida and hede- 
racea are equally found in the old and in the new world ; 
and P. insularis is a native of the Polynesian islands. 

Descr. Stems long, climbing, hairy, but the hairs decid- 
uous. Leaves alternate, varying extremely in size and in 
shape : — from three to four or five inches long, all of them 
cordate, acute ; some entire, others more or less deeply cut 
into three, broad lobes, hairy on both sides, especially be- 
neath, where they are paler. Peduncles axillary, longer 
than the leaves, hairy, bearing a cyme of several Jlowers 
accompanied by linear-lanceolate bracteas. Calyx hairy, 
or almost silky, of five unequal, erect, linear-lanceolate 
sepals. Corolla large, very beautiful ; the whole, when in 
bud, lilac ; when expanded, the tube, which is long, nearly 
straight, and angular, is lilac ; the limb, which spreads 
rather suddenly and horizontally, is four to five inches 
across, and of a rich violet blue, with five purple rays. Sta- 
mens unequal, inserted near the base of the tube, and quite 
included within it. Ovary surrounded by a five-lobed disk 
or cup. Style as long as the tube. Stigma capitate, gra- 

* From QafBv, colour. 

Fig. 1. Calyx. 2. Pistil and lower part of the Tube of the Corolla, with 
the Stamens : slightly magnified. 


( 3929 ) 

Catasetum abruptum. Blunt-lipped 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium saepius globosum, nunc explanation. Se- 
pala et petala subsequalia. Labellum crassum, carnosum, 
nudum, ventricosum vel explanatum, fimbriatum; sub apice 
saccatum obsolete trilobum. Columna erecta, aptera, libera, 
apice utrinque cirrhosa. Anthera subbilocularis, antice 
truncata. Pollinia 2, postice biloba vel sulcata ; caudicula 
maxima nuda demum elastice contractili ; glandula cartila- 
giuea subquadrata. — Herba terrestris velepiphyta; caulibus 
brevibus fusiformibus vestigiis foliorum vestitis. Folia basi 
vaginantia, plicata. Scapi radicates; Flores speciosi, race- 
mosi, virides, nunc purpureo-maculati. Lindl. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Catasetum abruptum; pseudo-bulbis oblongis compressis 
vaginis foliorum tectis, foliis lato-lanceolatis, racemo 
oblongo nutante, perianthio compresso-globoso, peta- 
lis sepalisque subrotundo-ellipticis arete imbncatis, 
labello magno carnoso trilobo lobis lateralibus abrup- 
tis intermedio (seu apice) breviter producto truncato 

From the Glasnevin Botanic Garden, whence it was 
kindly sent by Mr. Moore, who received it from Brazil, 
through the favour of Doctor Gogarty. It blossomed first 
with Mr. Moore, in September, 1841, and again m Octo- 
ber of the same year. 

At first sight a very great similarity will be recognised 
between this and Catasetum luridum, Lindl. and Bot. Mag., 
t. 3590. It is possible it may be a variety ; at the same 
time, the greater depression of the whole perianth, and the 
different form of the lip are very obvious peculiarities, 
and such as I think will entitle this to rank as a species. 
In C. luridum the two side lobes of the lip run down 
gradually into the apex or middle lobe, which is also con- 
siderably prolonged and reflexed. In our plant the side 
lobes are very distinct and abrupt, presenting a vertical 
edge towards the middle lobe or apex, which is, moreover, 
very short. In other respects the description of one will 
serve for that of the other. 

Fig. 1. Section of the Labellum, exhibiting the abrupt edge of one of 
the side Lobes and the shortness of the middle Lobe, together with the 
Column and Anther-case : — slightly magnified. 

Pui.iy S. Curtis &t 

( 3930 ) 

Gastrochilus pulcherrima. Handsome- 
flowered Gastrochilus. 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Scitamine;E. ) 
Generic Character. 

Calyx tubulosus, hinc fissus. Corolla tubus elongatus, 
filiformis, limbi laciniae exteriores aequales patentes, interi- 
ores laterales latiores, basi cum filamento in tubum conna- 
tae; Iabellum maximum, saccatum. Filamentum lineare, 
ultra anthers muticab loculos connectivo longiores haud 
productum. Ovarium inferum, triloculare. Ovula in lo- 
culorum angulo centrali plurima, horizontalia, auatropa. 

Stylus filiformis ; stigma capitato-convexum. Capsula . 

Herbaa Indicce, acaules vel caulescentes ; radice repente vet 
Jibroso-ramosa, tuberibus subsessilibus fasciculatis, spica 
radicali vel terminali imbricata,jloribus nutantibus. hndl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Gastrochilus* pulcherrima; foliis lanceolatis subsessilibus, 
spica terminali secunda, tubo corollas inciuso Wall. 

Gastrochilus pulcherrima. Wall. Plant. Asiat. liar. v. I. 
p. 22. tab. 24. 

A native of Rangoon in the East Indies, where it flowers 
in August, and our plants in the Royal Botanic Garden, 
sent by the kindness of Dr. Wallich, blossom at the same 
season. Their blossoms are very handsome and gracetul, 


* r-«ip, the abdomen, and #*«, a Up; from the inflation of the larger 
lobe of the corolla or lip. 

and, at first sight, give the idea of some Orchideous plant. 
But it is truly one of the Scitamine^ allied, as Dr. Wal- 
lich well observes, on the one hand to Alpinia, and on the 
other to Kjempferia : with the former it agrees in habit 
and in its naked anther ; with Kjempferia in having the 
lobes of the perianth disposed in two alternating rows. It 
requires the heat of a stove, and seems to thrive well with 
the same treatment as is given to Orchideous plants. 

Descr. Root creeping, fleshy; throwing up, besides the 
Jeaty stems, rounded tubers, marked with circular rino-s 
Stems a foot to a foot and a half high, below sheathed with 
leafless scales, above with the bases of the leaves, which are 
ainiculated. Leaves five to six inches long, broadly lance- 
olate, acuminate, pale beneath. Costa prominent below 
Feins oblique. Spike of Flowers arising from the axil of 
the upper leaves, and closely imbricated in a distichous 
manner with green, lanceolate scales or bracteas, from 
whence the flowers issue, three or four at once, and con- 
tinue to appear in succession for a considerable length of 
time. Cah/x tubular, cleft above on one side, and bluntly 
thiee-toothed Corolla white, or cream-coloured, the larger 
SEE? *ft V*?' san - uineous spot with two white 
Th^iL i t' 6 ? ende . r ' sin S"larly curved at the apex, so 
vpnt t / 1S droo P ,l, .S' and six-cleft; the focjw/conni- 
oTX ," "T' - Xten °l of three e( l ual ^Pressed linear- 

a e fo ^ m ? tSj mner , ° f lh [ ee ,me( l ual ones ' of **» two 
ff 1,0 ;l a,ld une( l ua f a »d the lower one, or labellum, 

with Jho Gj COn ™, lute at ^e base, and then accrete 

With the stamens Filament short. Anther large, oblon- 

conZ \° nS i f tj/€ f b ° Ut aS l0n - as the anther, tigma 
convex, elevated a little above the anther. 

onJfe kSirie^emoS 11 fi"**" an ? the three outer segments 
same. 3. Ov^^^^afe^ ° f *" UPPer *°«°* ° f the 


hih.N/S. Curtis Glazaarood Kssa . VariJ&42 

( 3931 ) 

Oreodaphne bullata. Blistered 

Class and Order. 

Enneandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — LAURiNEiE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Hermaphroditce vel dioiccB aut polygamy. Perianthium 
sexpartitum aut sexfidum, subaequale; limbo demum evan- 
escente. Stamina novem ; anthera oblongae in filamentis 
angustis ; locelli quaterni per paria unus super altero positi, 
antherarum trium interiorum reversi. Staminodia quarti 
ordinis vel nulla, vel subulata aut saltern minus completa. 
Bacca perianthii tubo in cupulam profundam crassamque 
conyerso truncatoque magis vel minus immersa. — Inflores- 
centia paniculata vel racemosa, plerisque densa, multis etiam 
brevis et thyrsoidea, axillaris, in quarto subgenere umbellu- 
lata. Nees. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Oreodaphne* (Ceramophora) bullata; foliis ellipticis aut 
oblongo-ellipticis basi acutis in petiolum longum late 
canaliculatum desinentibus apice acutato-obtusis arete 
reticulatis subtiliterque venosis glabris axillis venarum 
costalium inferiorum subtus excavatis ciliatisque supra 
grosse bullatis, racemis infra gemmam axillarem et 
terminalem racemoso-confertis paucifloris pubescenti- 
scabris, perianthii laciniis tubo longioribus glabris, 
staminodiis capitatis. Nees. 

Oreodaphne bullata. Nees Laurin. p. 449. 

Laurus bullata. Burchell, Trav. v. 1. p. 72. note. 

A native of Zwellendam district, Cape of Good Hope, 
and, in reality, the only plant belonging to the old Genus 
Laurus which is found in Southern Africa ; for it was 


* So called by Nees von Esenbeck from op? a mountain, and S^m, Lau- 
rel, — or Mountain- Laurel, because many of the species inhabit mountains. 

through a mistake in our Journal of Botany, vol. iv. p. 418, 
(as explained in the erratum, same vol. p. 436,) that another 
species is described as inhabiting that region (Laurus Bow- 
iei*), that species proving, on further investigation, to be 
a native of Moreton Bay, in Australia. It is this, of which 
we now give a representation, that was sent by Mr. Bowie 
to the Royal Gardens of Kew as the " African Oak/' of the 
colonists, and is so spoken of by Barrow in his cc Travels in 
Southern Africa." It is, therefore, not improbable that the 
u African Oak" of tropical Africa is also a species of Laurel, 
as the acute Mr. Brown's investigations have, independent 
of the fact now related, led him to conjecture. 

Another name, given to our tree (for such a size it must 
attain, though I do not find the dimensions of the trunk any- 
where described) in the Cape colony, is the Stink-hout 
(Stink-wood). Speaking of Cape Town, Mr. Burchell 
says, " Beams and floors of the Teak-wood of India are not 
uncommon ; but the greatest part of the timber used in 
building, and, indeed, for every other purpose, is the Geel- 
hout, (yellow-wood) (a species of Podocarpus,) and the 
Stink-hout (Laurus bullata). The latter is a handsome 
wood and resembles Mahogany both in colour and quality. 
Chairs, tables, and other furniture, are made of it.— It is, 
therefore, well worthy of being transplanted to other of our 
colonies, enjoying a climate similar to that of the Cape." 

Descr. A tree. With us, treated as a greenhouse plant 
and only grown in a pot, the stem has not attained a greater 
height than four or five feet ; the branches clothed with 
brown, smooth bark, the younger ones tinged with red. 
Leaves alternate, coriaceous, elliptical, entire, acute, rather 
obtuse at the base, and, what is a striking feature of the 
species, having at the axils of two or more of the lower costal 
veins on the underside, deep pits or hollows ciliated at their 
edges, and exhibiting on the upper side corresponding ele- 
vations, whence the specific name is derived ; their colour is 
olive, or brownish-green. Peduncles from the side of the 
branch beneath the petiole : about as long as the leaves, 
bearing a raceme of flowers, moderately small and destitute 
ot fragrance. Pedicels with minute bracteas. Tube of the 
"perianth short ; limb of six spreading, ovate, concave, green 
segments. Stamens nine ; the three interior opening out- 
wards, all of them by means of four valves. Glands of the 
outer stamens, or staminodia, large, capitate. Germen 
ovate. Style tapering. Stigma peltate. 

* L. austrahs, All. Cunn. ; which name it ought to retain. 
Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Stamen. 3. Pistil :— magnified. 

( 3932 ) 

oxalis lasiopetala. hairy-petaled 


Class and Order. 
Decandria Pentagynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Oxalide,e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 5-sepalus, sepalis liberis aut basi coalitis. Petala 
5. Stamina 10, filamentis basi breviter monadelphis, 5 
ext. alternis brevioribus. Styli 5, apice penicilliformes aut 
capitati. Capsula pentagona oblonga aut cylindracea.— 
Herbae perennes, caulescentes stipitata? aut acaules, foliis 
variis sed nunquam abrupte pinnatis. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Oxalis lasiopetala; radice tuberosa, foliolis obcordato- 
bilobis supra glabriusculis subtus pubescentibus, scapo 
plurifloro, petalis calycibusque extus pilosis, sepalis 
apice bipunctatis, stylis erectis strictis stamina exce- 
dentibus. , 

Oxalis lasiopetala. Zucc. Monogr. Oxal. d'Amerique, n. 1 / . 
Spreng. Syst. Veget. cur. post. p. 184. 

The species of Oxalis are very numerous, both in South 
Africa and in the southern regions of South America. From 
the latter country and from the neighbourhood of Buenos 
Ayres and Monte Video, our present plant is derived. We 
have received dried specimens from Mr. Tweedie, and the 
same collector has sent seeds to the Glasnevin Botanic 
Garden, Dublin, which Mr. Moore was successful in rais- 
ing, and to him we are indebted for the plant here figured. 
It blossoms readily in the greenhouse, and its copious 
bright red-purple flowers render it a very desirable plant. 
It precisely agrees with native specimens in my Herbarium, 
communicated from the Royal Berlin Herbarium, as the 
true O. lasiopetala. 

On the American individuals of this Genus, Zuccarini, 
who first described the present plant, has published a 


Monograph. When his work appeared in 1825, the num- 
ber of species amounted to seventy-seven, and thirty new 
ones have since been added, making the total amount of 
one hundred and seven Wood-Sorrels, found in South 
America alone. Zuccarini is of opinion that the bulbs of 
Oxalis do not belong to the roots, but to subterranean 
stems, and they exist of very various sizes, from the 
offsets or elongated stolones of O. stricta, to the large 
tubers of O. crassicaulis. These differences depend wholly 
on the number, thickness, aud approximation (or the re- 
verse) of the scales, which, when fleshy, form by their close 
position, bulbs, analogous to those of Allium. The roots 
themselves are branching and fusiform ; they may exist 
singly, as in O. conorhiza; or spring from a bulb-bearing 
rnizoma (O. papilionacea) ; or be mingled with the bulbi- 
terous rhizomas, as may be observed in O. crassicaulis. 

1 he position of the leaves in this Genus is such, that the 
ninth leaf covers over the first, after three spiral turns. 
VVhen the mternodes are elongated, the leaves become 
closely grouped together, and some authors have even erro- 
neously termed them verticillate leaves (ex. O. distans, hedy- 
saroides, &c.) ^ 

The arrangement of the stamens in Oxalis also presents 
a striking peculiarity. The longest, or internal stamens 
are alternate with the stigmas and petals, and opposite to 
the sepals, with which again the short or outward stamens 
are alternate. It might be supposed, strictly speaking, that 
one row ot stamens, intermediate between the petals and 
tne shortest stamens, becomes regularly abortive ; and this 
seems the more probable, because the filaments of the 

onger stamens bear teeth which might be considered as 
the rudiments of the absent series. 

™^t?^ LIS {i™PW la > however, the shorter filaments bear analo- 
fw. I ' S V^ Xt WOuld a PP ear as tf there had existed, outside of 
iSL of u stan f ns PP<>site to the sepals, which would bring the 
C 1 number { sta ,m^s in this Genus up to twenty-five, of which 
htteen become constantly abortive, while ten are perfect, 
teetb wft'l, ivf • t lon S ated ' ^berous, and nodose, or bearing knots or 

eref; I iS ^r ^J^ Leaves radica1 ' numerous. Petioles long, 
leLltTf- Z ^ e ? la ^obcordate, with a deep notch. Pedut 
Seva^lmt-' t f? Unat ? d bv a c Jme of many bright-coloured flowers, 
thtanpv .f P i »? ^ aCUte ' **& dee P orange-coloured spots at 
mental !f Ch ; P f ^ ^ rose-colour, obhque. Stamens with tLjila- 
S U ™T J? t0 a lon S °™te tube, glabrous, five longer than the others. 
Si H : y ere 5 a PP roxim ate, much longer than the stamens 
stigmas globose. Capsule oblong-acuminate, with five sharp angles. 

^V^^^"*^ 2 - Petal - 3. Staxnens and Pistil. 4. 

( 3933 ) 

Acacia platyptera. Broad-winged 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Leguminosjs. ) 

Generic Character. 

Flores polygami. Calyx 4 — 5-dentatus. Petala 4 — 5, 
nunc libera, nunc in corollam 4 — 5-fidam coalita. Stamina 
numero varia 10 — 200. Legumen continuum exsuccum 
bivalve. — Prutices aid arbores, habitu et foliatione valde 
varies. Spinae stipulares, sparsce aut nulla. Flores jlavi, 
albi aut rarius rubri, capitati aut spicati, decandri aut poly- 
andri, eleutkerandri aut monadelphi, petalis 4 — 5 liberis 
coalitisve constantes. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Acacia platyptera ; capitulis in pedunculo solitariis, stipulis 
minimis subpungentibus, phyllodiis bifariam decurren- 
tibus pilosis apice recurvo-mucronatis^ nervo unico 
centralis margine superiore dente unico glandulifero, 
internodiis linearibus longissimis. Graham. 

Acacia platyptera. Lindl. Bot. Reg. Miscell. 1841, n. 10. 

This beautiful Acacia compensates for the absence of 
leaves in the quantity and rich yellow colour of its heads 
of flowers. It was obligingly sent from Oakfield, Chelten- 
ham, by Mrs. Wray, who had obtained seeds of it from the 
Swan River settlement. That lady rightly judged it to be 
the A. platyptera of Dr. Lindley ; though we received, 
about the same time, another aud nearly allied Swan River 
species from Dr. Graham, under that name, but which will 
soon be figured in this work as A. erioptera of that gen- 


A. platypiera appears to have first blossomed with Messrs. 
Lucombe & Pince of Exeter ; and since also with Messrs. 
Low of Clapton, as well as at Oakfield and Edinburgh ; so 
that it may be considered a peculiarly free flowerer, and a 
most desirable greenhouse autumnal blossoming plant. 

Descr. Stems, in reality, slender and almost filiform, 
throwing out spreading, alternate branches, which, as well 
as the stem, are all winged with comparatively broad, flat- 
tened, green expansions, rather thickly hairy, and marked 
with obscure, oblique nerves in the older portions. Phyl- 
lodia scarcely an inch long, and gradually smaller upwards. 
These are so completely decurrent into the wings as to 
represent only large, oblique teeth, with a sharp, recurved 
mucro, and a nerve passing obliquely from the base to the 
apex. Stipules small, subulate, deciduous. The copious 
younger branches are clothed at short distances with deep 
yellow, pedunculated, globose heads of flowers. Peduncle 
about as long as the head of flowers, always arising from 
the axil of a phyllodium. Each minute flower has an 
ovate, ciliated bractea at the base. Calyx deeply five-cleft, 
ciliated. Corolla campanulate, deeply five-cleft. Stamens 
very numerous. Ovary oblong, glabrous : Style long, 

Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Pistil -.—magnified, 

( 3934 ) 

Gloxinia speciosa ; var. macrophylla, variegata. 
Rough Gloxinia ; large variegated-leaved var. 

Class and Order. 

( Nat. Ord. GESNERIACEiE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calycis tubus imo ovario adnatus; limbus 5-fidus aut 5- 
partitus. Corolla infundibuliformis aut campanulato-sub- 
ringens, hinc postice ad basin gibba, aut subcalcarata, tubo 
ventricoso, limbo patnlo subbilabiato, lobis 5 rotundatis. 
Stamina 4 didynama cum quinti rudimento. Antherce cohaj- 
rentes. Glandular 5 perigynae. Stylus in stigma orbicula- 
tum concavum subinfundibuliforme abeuns. Capsula 1- 
locularis bivalvis, placentis 2 parietalibus bilobis, seminibus 
numerosis oblongis. — Herbae aut suffrutices, species Aus- 
trali- Americana, pleraque Brasilienses. Folia opposita, in- 
terdum radicalia, petiolata, crenata. Flores ampli axillares 
aut radicules, pedicellati, sapius nutantes. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Gloxinia speciosa; caule abbreviato aut subnullo, foliis 
subradicalibus longe petiolatis puberis hirsutisve ova- 
libus oblongisve crenatis, pedicellis petiolo longioribus 
1-floris, calycis 5-partiti lobis acuminatis, corolla ven- 

Gloxinia speciosa. Lodd. Bot. Cab. t. 28. Ker, Bot. 
Reg. t. 213. Sims, Bot. Mag. t. 1937. De Cand. 
Prodr. v.l.p. 534. 

(/3.) albiflora; corollis albis. Hook. Bot. Mag. t. 3206. 

\y.) macrophylla; foliis majoribus albo-variegatis. (Tab. 
nostr. 3934.) 

This really superb variety of the well-known Gloxinia 
speciosa was sent to the Messrs. Veitch, Mount Radford 

VOL. xv. l 

Nursery, Exeter, by their collector, from the Organ Moun- 
tains of Brazil. It produced the noble cluster of blossoms 
here represented in September of the same year, when it 
was exhibited at the Horticultural Society, and gained the 
certificate of merit. 

Not only are the flowers much more conspicuous than in 
the ordinary state of the plant, and more richly coloured, 
but the foliage also, is much larger, and mottled with pale 
whitish-green about the veins, which considerably enhances 
the beauty of the whole object. 

( 3935 ) 

colocasia odorata. fragrant indian- 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Aroideje. ) 
Generic Character. 

Spatka recta v. cucullata. Spadix interrupte androgy- 
nus, antheris rudimentariis infra v. etiam supra stamina, 
appendice sterili clavata v. acuminata. Antherce bilocu- 
lares, plurimae, connectivis conoideis, truncatis, sessilibus v. 
substipitatis verticillatis adnata? discretae, loculis contiguis, 
apice poro communi apertis. Ovaria plurima, conferta, 
liberalia, unilocularia. Ovula in loculis subsena, placentis 
parietalibus tribus prope basin affixa, erecta, orthotropa. 

Stylus brevissimus; Stigma subcapitatum. Bacca ? — 

Herbas Indica? ; rhizomate tuber oso v. caulescente ; foliis 
simultaneis, peltatis, pedunculis subsolitariis t v. ex eadem ax- 
illa pluribus abbreviatis, vaginalis. Endl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Colocasia odorata; caudice elongato, foliis cordatis longe 
petiolatis nervis prominentibus lobis rotundatis, spa- 
dice clavato medio staminifero, infra et supra, (usque 
ad apicem) staminibus abortivis tecto, spatha cymbi- 
formi breviore. 

Caladium odoratum. Roxb. MSS. (fide Lindl.J 

Caladium odorum. Lindl. Bot. Reg. t. 641. 

Colocasia odora. Brongn. in Nouv. Ann. du Mus. v. 3. p. 
145. t. 7. 

What is wanting in colour to this plant is amply com- 
pensated by its arborescent character, noble foliage, and 
powerful fragrance. In the specimen from which our draw- 
ing was taken, and which blossoms annually in the stove of 


the Glasgow Botanic Garden, the stem, or caudex, is full 
six feet high, the petioles springing from the top of this are 
not less than two feet long, and then bear a blade measuring 
three feet or more in length. The whole appearance of the 
plant is truly tropical. It is a native of Pegu, and was first 
described by Dr. Roxburgh, and introduced to the stoves of 
this country, by Lord Caernarvon, at Highclere. The 
juice is powerfully acrid ; but whether the foliage and roots 
are eaten like those of other species of the same Genus, 
Colocasia Antiquorum (Caladium Colocasia) C. esculenta, 
&c, I have no means of ascertaining. 

It has been long known that plants of this natural family 
(AnoiDEa;) evolve a considerable degree of heat at certain 
intervals during the flowering state. Lamarck appears first 
to have made this discovery in 1777, upon the Arum Itali- 
cum. Other observations were made by Senebier, Desfon- 
taines, Gmelin, Bory de St. Vincent, Herbert, Theodore 
de Saussure, and Schultes, and the result of their remarks 
was, at different periods, laid before the public. But M. 
Adolphe Brongniart, in the third volume of the Nouvelles 
Ann. du Museum d'Hist. Nat., has detailed the most exact 
experiments, instituted upon the species of Colocasia now 
before us. These were made in the spring of 1834 on a 
finely developed plant, grown in the earth of the stove, 
and which had produced four flowers in the space of a 

" The first flower began to expand on the 4th of March ; 
but it was not till the 6th that the escape of pollen from its 
anthers commenced, and the increase of temperature on the 
spadix was perceptible to the touch. A very small ther- 
mometer, when applied to the flower, indicated a tempera- 
ture in the air of 23° centigrade, while the spadix, close to 
the fertile stamens, was 26°, and the club, formed by the 
abortive stamens, was 30°, the difference being seven de- 
grees. The heat of the flower gradually diminished, and in 
the evening its temperature was the same as that of the 

" It is remarkable, however, that while all the other Aroi- 
DEm that have been examined on this point, appear, when 
the heat has once disappeared, never to regain it, the plant 
under consideration exhibited the same increase of tempe- 
rature at the same hour (two p. m.) of the following day, 
and for four days it continued, though with gradually 
diminishing intensity, to present a similar phenomenon, 
when the flower finally faded. Another blossom having 


appeared shortly after, 1 adopted many precautions which 
should enable me to watch its progress. I procured a very 
delicate thermometer, applied it accurately to the most 
sensible parts of the flower, and protected the bulb, by folds 
of flannel from the influence of the circumambient atmo- 
sphere, and by a paper shade from the rays of the sun. 
Another thermometer was suspended in the stove not far 
from the plant, to give the temperature of the stove. 

'* For six days a striking increase of heat took place in the 
flower, attaining its maximum about four o'clock in the after- 
noon, and totally ceasing during the night and early morn- 
ing. The greatest difference between the temperature of the 
flower and the general atmosphere of the stove was eleven 
degrees ; and as in the first blossom which was examined, so 
the central portion of the club of abortive stamens was the 
part which exhibited this heat most powerfully ; next, the 
base of that club ; and then the stamens which were 

Another highly interesting circumstance is connected with 
this beautiful and striking plant : it is comparatively easy 
to observe the mode in which its pollen-tubes penetrate the 
tissue of the stigma. If the pistils be examined after the 
flower has faded, it will be seen that the stigmas are covered 
with a thick layer of pollen, and that a portion of these 
smooth spherical granules of pollen have given birth to 
membranous tubes, of greater or less length, which, pene- 
trating between the utricles which constitute the papillae of 
the stigma, enter, more or less deeply, into the substance 
of this organ. 

It may be asked whether these pollinary tubes are pro- 
longed into the ovules, as is the case in the Orchide^ ; or 
whether they lose themselves in the substance of the stigma? 
And this is a point which still remains in doubt. It is a 
certain fact, that in many Aroide^e, the ovary presents, 
after fertilization, some filaments, which, proceeding from 
the style, do fill up, in part, the cavity ; but these filaments 
may be a prolongation of the conducting tissue as well as of 
the pollen-tubes. 

The organs of vegetation in this plant also possess some 
very curious peculiarities of structure. The geminate pe- 
duncles in the axils of its enormous petioles exhibit, as do 
those petioles and the nerves of the leaves, numerous cylin- 
drical cavities, which, to the naked eye, appear as if coated 
with shining points. When examined under a microscope, 
these points are seen, both by transverse and longitudinal 


section, to be so many prominent cells, forming a kind 
of short bristles, each enclosing a bundle of raphides or 
small acicular crystals, which are laid close side by side. 
These crystals are here, as is constantly the case, enclosed 
within prominent utricles, and may be easily extracted 
from them ; but what is very remarkable, is, that the adjoin- 
ing cells which form the rest of the substance between these 
cavities, never present any of those crystals which abun- 
dantly coat all the cavities of the plant. 

The foliage of this plant is the seat of a waxy secretion, 
which, though scanty in cultivated individuals, yet is pro- 
duced in considerable quantities, when this and some other 
AroidejE grow in a genial and native climate. This secre- 
tion is formed exclusively on the lower face of the leaf, and 
is confined to the axils of its principal nerves, where the 
cellular tissue produces it, and from which points this waxy 
substance extends sometimes over nearly the whole inferior 
surface of the foliage. In the cultivated plant, it only exists 
in small scales, at the utmost not larger than the human 

Descr. Caudex four to six feet high, and four to six 
inches in diameter, marked with the scars of the fallen 
leaves, and crowned with ample, cordate, petiolated/o/mge. 
Prom the axils of these leaves the short flower-stalks appear 
in pairs. Spatha a span long, contracted below the middle, 
then expanding into a boat- shaped membrane. Spadix 
shorter than the spatha, club-shaped : the base clothed all 
round with nearly globose, green pistils, (the female flow- 
ers,) crowned with the broad nearly sessile stigma. Then, 
for about two inches the circumference is occupied with 
hexagonal, elongated, abortive stamens, above these with 
numerous perfect stamens (fig. 1 and 2). The large, club- 
bed, fleshy apex, marked with numerous sinuosities, is 
clothed with stamens still more imperfect than those below 
the perfect ones, and which seem to have run together in 
one fleshy mass. 

Fig. 1. 2. Stamens. 3. Pistil : magnified. 

•* M * °*$%> 

Pub. by 

l lM? 

( 3936 ) 

Hibiscus Cameroni. Mr. Cameron's 


Class*, and Order. 


( Nat. Ord.— Malvace^. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx cinctus involucello saspius polyphyllo, rarius foli- 
olis pancis aut inter se coalitis. Petala hinc non auriculata. 
Stigmata 5. Carpella in capsulam 5-locularem coalita, val- 
vis intus medio septiferis, loculis polyspermis aut rarius 
1-spermis. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Hibiscus Cameroni; frutescens inermis, foliis cordatis 5- 
lobis grosse serratis, lobis acutis basi contractis, invo- 
lucelli foliolis sub-9 minutis subulatis, calyce maximo 
inflato quinquefido 10-costato, petalis oblique cuneatis 
truncatis, columna staminea petala superante. 

Hibiscus Cameroni. Knowles et West, FL Cab. n. 82. 

Mr. Cameron, the able Curator of the Birmingham Bo- 
tanic Garden, whose name this beautiful plant deservedly 
bears, had the good fortune to rear it from seeds sent from 
Madagascar by the Missionaries. I possess a very fine 
native specimen, gathered many years ago by the late Dr. 
Lyall in the same island, and marked " Hibiscus, n. sp." 
It is indeed a remarkably well-defined species, whether we 
consider the leaves, the involucre, the calyx, or the corolla. 
It flowers readily, and for a long period during the summer 
months, and in that season flourishes in the greenhouse; but, 
in the winter, it is best kept in the stove. Hitherto it has 
not produced seed, but is increased by cuttings, and a young 


plant thus raised, presented to the Royal Gardens of Kew by 
Mr. Cameron, soon produced its lovely blossoms. 

Descr. Judging from my native specimens, it would 
seem to constitute a rather tall shrub when arrived at ma- 
turity, the young flowering shoots green and succulent. 
Leaves petiolate, heart-shaped, deeply five-lobed, the sinus- 
es very obtuse, the lobes acute, coarsely serrated, narrowed 
at the base, thus making the sinuses very broad as well 
as obtuse. Peduncles axillary,, solitary, single-flowered, 
about as long as the petioles, thickened upwards. Calyx 
large, somewhat inflated, deeply five-lobed, the lobes acu- 
minate, five-ribbed, reticulated between the ribs, jointed on 
the top of the peduncle. Involucel scarcely any, reduced to 
about nine small, subulate, spreading leaflets. Corolla 
spreading, of five large, obliquely cuneate petals, truncated 
at the apex, with one angle obtuse, the other acute, veined 
and waved, of a cream-colour tinged with rather deep rose, 
and a rich purple spot just above the short claw. Staminal 
tube very long, cylindrical, red-purple, longer than the 
petals. Free portion of the filaments spreading, white, as 
well as the anthers. Branches of the style five, exserted 
beyond the staminal tube, curved, red, and bearing each a 
red, capitate stigma. Ovaries five, combined into one, of a 
narrow ovate form, and thickly downy. 

Fig. 1. Involucre and Ovary. 


I'ub. hj S.Ctatu h/,/ / 

( 3937 ) 

Catasetum Wailesii. Mr. Waile's 

A\ A'. A". A'. A'. A'-, A'. A*. A'- A'. A*. A'. A'. A'. A'. .^. A'. A'. As. A / . jj^ 
MS MS MS ™ MS My MS MS MS MS V f f> MS MS 1* MS MS 1* MS V 

C/ass a«rf Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide,e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium saepius globosum, nunc explanatum. Se- 
pala et petala subaequalia. Labellum crassum, carnosum, 
nudum, ventricosum vel explanatum, fimbriatum; sub apice 
saccatum obsolete trilobum. Columna erecta, aptera, libera, 
apice utrinque cirrhosa. Anthera subbilocularis, antice 
truncata. Pollinia 2, postice biloba vel sulcata; caudicula 
maxima nuda demum elastice contractili ; glandula cartila- 
ginea subquadrata. — Herba terrestris velepiphyta; caulibus 
brevibus fusiformibus vestigiis foliorum vestitis. Folia basi 
vaginantia, plicata. Scapi radicates ; Plores speciosi, race- 
mosi, virideS; nunc purpureo-maculati. Lindl. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Catasetum Wailesii; foliis oblongo-lanceolatis, perianthiis 
ovatis compressis conniventibus, sepalis petalisque a- 
cuminatis, labello subconico-cucullato, ore contracto 
integerrimo, antheris hemisphaerico-compressis umbo- 
natis umbone subtus squamifero. 

The strange forms exhibited in the different parts of the 
flower of the several kinds of Catasetum have often attract- 
ed notice. \n the present instance, the most striking pecu- 
liarity is to be found in the anther-case, which, instead of 
being carried out into a very long point or beak, is singu- 
larly short and flattened, in the centre of which is an umbo 
or elevated tubercle, and beneath this, a pretty large, mem- 
branaceous, spreading scale. Whetlter this be simply a 


sport of Nature, or a permanent character, indicating a truly 
distinct species, I will not take upon me to say : the con- 
stancy of this mark in all the flowers would lead to the 
latter conclusion ; and I have dedicated the species to G. 
Wailes, Esq., of Newcastle, a most enthusiastic lover and 
student of Natural History, and particularly of Horticulture 
and Botany. His collection of Orchideous plants is con- 
siderable, and the present individual is one of many that 
he has introduced from Honduras, through the kindness of 
G. U. Skinner, Esq. 

Descr. Pseudo-bulbs and leaves much resembling those 
of the well-known Catasetum tridentatum. Scapes radical, 
a foot or more tall, bearing a raceme of six to eight large, 
greemsh-wh'ite flowers. These flowers, as seems to be com- 
mon to the Genus, have the ovaries straight, that is, not 
twisted ; so that the labellurn is uppermost. The sepals and 
petals connive and point downwards, and are tipped with 
yellow-brown. Lip conico-cucullate, green, brownish at 
the edge, the mouth contracted, quite entire and involute : 
there are two very short lobes at the base which are a little 
fringed. Column large, green, with two long and strong, 
deflexed setae. Anther-case depressed, with an umbo, and a 
spreading scale partly concealing the umbo. 

Fig. I. Lip. 2. Column. 3. Anther-case. 4. Pollen-masses : more or 
less magnified. 


( 3038 ) 

Oxalis Marti a na. Dr. Martius' 

Class and Order. 
Decandria Pentagynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — OxalidejE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 5-sepalus, sepalis liberis ant basi coalitis. Petala 
5. Stamina 10, filamentis basi breviter monadelphis; 5 ext. 
alternis brevioribus. Styli 5 apice penicilliformes aut capi- 
tati. Capsula pentagona oblonga aut cylindracea. — Herbae 
perennes, caulescentes, stipitata aut acaules y foliis rariis sed 
nunquam abrupte pinnatis. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Oxalis Martiana; radice tuberosa, foliolis obcordato-bilo- 
bis hirtis subtus copiose villosis, scapo plurifloro, pedi- 
cellis ramosis, petalis calycibusque extus pilosis, sepa- 
lis apice bipunctatis, stamiiiibus stylos curvatos supe- 

Oxalis Martiana. Zucc. Monogr. Ox. Am. n. 2. 

Oxalis urbica. St. Hil. Fl. Bras. Mdrid. 1. p. 128. 

Oxalis floribunda. Link, et Ott. Abbild. Gew. t. 10. 

(3.) scapis pedicellisque patenti-pilosis. 

Oxalis bipunctata. Grah. in Bot. Mag. t. 2781. 

This pretty Oxalis, which is a native of the Argentine 
Republic of South Brazil, and was sent us by Mr. Moore, 
from the Glasnevin Botanic Garden, is in many respects so 
closely allied to O. lasiopetala, figured at our tab. 3932, 
that we are glad of an opportunity of pointing out the 
differences. These consist in the glabrous leaves of O. 
lasiopetala, and in the long erect styles which are consider- 
ably protruded beyoud the longest of the stamens. A 
variety of our present plant is indeed already figured in this 


publication, the O. bipunctala of Dr. Graham, in which 
the scapes and petioles are clothed with patent hairs. This 
species is equally worth cultivating with the O. lasiopetala, 
to which we have already referred, and is rendered very 
ornamental by its copious and many-flowered scapes. 

Descr. Leaves all radical, on long flexuose petioles, 
ternate; leaflets large, obcordate, approaching to trian- 
gular, with a rather deep but sharp sinus. Scapes radical, 
slender, flexuose, longer than the leaves, and bearing 
a rather ample cyme of deep, purple rose-coloured flowers. 
The branches of the cyme are slender, filiform, flexuose, 
more or less spreading, and more or less elongated, with a 
small bractea at the base. Calyx of five elliptical erect 
sepals, bearing two small orange-coloured glands at the 
tips. Petals cuneate oblique, a little hairy at the back. 
Filaments ten, united for about one-third of the way from 
the base into an angular, rather fleshy tube; of the free 
portion, five of the filaments are very short, and a little 
spreading, five much longer, quite erect. Anthers short- 
oblong, yellow. Ovary oblong, with five obtuse angles; 
styles five erecto-patent, hairy ; stigmas dark green, dilated, 
and umbilicate. Immature fruit oblong, one-third longer 
than the calyx, with five acute angles, and tipped with the 
short remains of the five styles. 

Fig. 1. Calyx with the Stamen and Pistil. 2. Petal. 3. Stamens and 
Pistils removed from the Calyx. 4. Portion of the Stamens. 5. Pistil. 
6. Immature Fruit : — all more or less magnified. 


Pub. h V 

( 3939 ) 

Acacia diptera ; /3. erioptera. Two-wing- 
ed Acacia ; downy var. 

Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Leguminos^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Flores polygami. Calyx 4— 5-dentatus. Petala 4t—b, 
nunc libera, nunc in corollam 4 — 5-fidam coalita. Stamina 
numero varia 10 — 200. Legumen continuum exsuccum 
bivalve. — Frutices ant arbores, habitu et foliatione valde 
varia . Spinae stipulares, sparse aut nulla. Flores flavi, 
albi aut rarius rubri, capitati aut spicati, decandri aut poly- 
andri, eleutherandri aut monadelphi, petalis 4 — 5 liberis 
coalitisve constantes. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Acacia diptera; glaucescens, stipulis minutis v. obsoletis, 
phyllodiis parvis lanceolatis incurvo-falcatis longissime 
bifariam decurrentibus mucronatis eglandulosis, nervo 
margini superiori arete approximator pedunculis sim- 
plicibus v. hinc inde racemosis, capitulis multifloris. 

Acacia diptera. Lindl. Bot. Reg. App. p. xv. (non Humb. 
and Bonpl.) Benth. Mimos. in Hook. Lond. Journ. 
Bot. ined. Hook. Ic. PL v. 4. t. 369. 

(/3.) erioptera (Graham) ; velutino-pubescens, alabastris 
ovato-pyramidatis angulatis (Tab. nostr. 3939). 

This plant we received, in 1840, at the Edinburgh 
Botanic Garden, from that of Glasgow, where it had been 
raised from Swan River seeds, sent over by Mr. James 
Drummond. It has flowered sparingly with us during the 
autumnal months. It will be at once seen that this is & very 


similar in habit to the A. platyptera (see our tab. 3933.) ; 
but that species is readily distinguished by the hairs with 
which it is clothed being less uniform, and some of them 
more harsh ; by the stipules being subspinescent ; by the 
phyliodia having their solitary nerve near the centre, and 
their having a gland on their upper edge, similar to that on 
Acacia alata; by the mucro with which they are termi- 
nated being recurved ; and by the capitula being smaller 
and of deeper yellow. In Acacia alata (Bot. Reg. t. 
396.) the terminal mucro is straight and much more rigid 
and pungent than in either of the species now described. 
Descr. Stem much branched from the bottom (the 
whole plant in the specimen described being about four feet 
high). Branches long, diffused, winged in two rows, 
internodes long, linear. Stipules very minute, soft, ciliated, 
deciduous. Phyliodia decurrent, densely covered with 
short soft hair, having a single nerve passing near their 
upper edge, and terminated by an incurved soft mucro, 
entirely without gland or tooth, excepting the mucro at the 
extremity. Capitula solitary, on short peduncles. Flowers 
of an uniform pale yellow, and everywhere glabrous. 
Calyx five-cleft, segments ovate. Corolla twice as long as 
the calyx, five-partite, segments ovate, concave. Stamens 
thrice as long as the corolla; anthers rather deeper yellow 
than the rest of the flower. Pistil scarcely longer than the 
stamens ; stigma minute, capitate ; germen slightly pinkish. 

Fig. 1. Flower and Bractea: — magnified. 


( 3940 ) 

Gesneria Zebrina. Mottle-leaved 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Gesneriace^e. ) 
Generic Character. 

Calyx ovarii basi adnatus, limbo subinaequaliter 5-partito 
libero. Corolla tubulosa ima basi 5-gibberosa aut aequa- 
liter subtumida, limbo 5-fido, lobis nunc in labioduo dispo- 
sitis, nunc subaequalibus. Stamina 4, imae corollae adnata 
didynama cum quinti rudimento. Antherce juniores, cohse- 
rentes. Stylus filiformis, stigmate capitato aut bilobo. 
Glandular perigynae 2 — 5 circa ovarii basin. Capsula cori- 
acea 1-locularis bivalvis, valvis convexis, placentis 2 parie- 
talibus polyspermis. Semina scobiformia. — Herbae peren- 
nes, radice tuberosa ; rarius frutices, caulis simplex aut 
opposite ramosus. Folia opposita aut verticillata dentata. 
Pedunculi simplices unijlori aut ramosi multifiori, axillares 
aut in thyrsum racemumve terminalem dispositi. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Gesneria Zebrina; caule tereti erecto pubescente, foliis 
oppositis longe petiolatis eordato-subrotundis, racemo 
terminali erecto, bracteis subulatis involutis, pedicellis 
simplicibus longissimis erectis, corolla nutante, seg- 
mentis brevioribus. Graham. 

Gesneria Zebrina. Paxton's Magazine of Botany, vol. 8. 
No. 96. Lindl. in Hot. Reg. (1842) t. 16. 

Even iu this beautiful Genus, the species now described 
must be looked upon as eminently attractive, both on ac- 
count of its colour and its shape. We received it from Mr. 
Low of Clapton, who, again, had been indebted for its pos- 

vol. xv. m 

session to the Botanic Garden of Ghent. In the Edinburgh 
Botanic Garden, and at Mr. Cunningham's Nursery, Comely 
Bank, it flowered profusely in the end of September and in 

Our drawing, handsome as it is, can give but an imper- 
fect idea of the beautiful mottled and velvety foliage, and 
the rich scarlet and yellow of the copious and gracefully 
drooping flowers. At the time that Dr. Graham's specimen 
was communicated to us, we had the privilege of seeing a 
charming plant of this species blossoming in great perfection 
in the damp Orchideous stove of Mrs. Lawrence of Ealing 
Park : — an atmosphere certainly, in which the Gesneri^: 
flourish better than I have seen them in any other situation. 
Probably such a climate is analogous to that of the native 
country of the GesnerijE, most of which come from Brazil, 
though the precise locality of this is not known. 

Descr. Root tuberous. Stem (including the raceme, two feet and a 
half high in the specimen described) round, erect, stout, branched ; and, 
as well as the whole plant exclusive of the flowers, densely covered with 
unequal, spreading, simple pubescence. Leaves (six inches long, five 
and a half broad) opposite, petiolate, ovato-subrotund, slightly cordate 
at the base and slightly pointed, and reniform and somewhat oblique, 
thick and velvet-like, three-nerved, reticulate, pale beneath, full green 
above and darker along the nerves and veins, which are strongly promi- 
nent below, the reticulations flat, the lateral nerves generally divided at 
the base ; petioles nearly as long as the leaves, the lower spreading, the 
upper suberect, deeply channelled above. Raceme terminal ; pedicels 
simple, four inches long, erect, rounded, tapering a little upwards, 
springing from the axil of a small, subulate, involute, green, coriaceous 
bract. Flowers suspended very gracefully from the apices of the pedi- 
cels. Calyx green, persisting, spreading previous to the fall of the 
flower, afterwards connivent over the germen. Corolla (an inch 
and a quarter long above, an inch and a half below) campanulate, ven- 
tncose below, compressed laterally, glanduloso-pubescent externally, 
and there of a brilliant red colour, except a broad yellow stripe along 
the lower side ; on the inside, yellow, glabrous, and sprinkled with red 
spots which are largest on the inside of the lower part of the tube, 
smaller and more crowded on the limb, of which the lobes are sub- 
patent, blunt, unequal, the two lateral ones being rather the largest, 
and the two upper the smallest, and least yellow. Stamens arising 
]™ m tlle cartilaginous base of the corolla, included; anthers oblong, 
me cells being in front of a broad, cartilaginous connective, and becom- 
ing co-herent as in the Genus ; pollen white, granules very minute ; 
abortive filament short and subulate. Pistil as long as the upper lip ; 
stigma concave, compressed dortdly, villous on the outside; style 
stout, pubescent, filiform; germen pubescent, liaii'-superior, this upper 
portion being surrounded at its base by the erect, lobed edge of a thin, 
wnite disk ; ovules numerous. Graham 

Fig. 1. Stamens. 2. Pistil. 3. Annular Gland upon the Ovary. 


Pub by Su urUs. GVa^anwoocL Essex Jfavl 1838. 

( 3941 ) 

Lantana Selloviana; 0. lanceolata. Mr. 
Sellow's Lantana ; long-leaved var. 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Verbenace^. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx brevissimus, obsolete dentatus. Corolla tubulosa, 
limbo inaequaliter quadrilobo. Stamina inclusa. Drupa 
baccata, 1-pyrena, pyrene 2-loculari, 2-spermo, rima loculis 
interposita. Spr. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Lantana Sellor>iana ; foliis subsessilibus (petiolatisve) 
ovatis acutis rugosis piloso-scabris, capitulis subglo- 
bosis involucris cordatis capitulo minoribus. Link et 

Lantana Selloviana. Link et Otto, Ic. PL Sel. t. 50. Hook. 
Bot. Mag. t. 2981. Cham. in. Linn. v. 7. p. 126. 

Lippia Montevidensis. Spreng. Syst. Veg. v. 2. p. 751. 

(|3.) foliis majoribus lanceolatis. ( Tab. nostr. 3941 J 

The present plant was drawn from specimens, raised from 
seeds that had been sent from Monte Video by Mr. Tweedie 
some years ago, to the Glasgow Botanic Garden, under the 
persuasion that it was a new and undescribed species ; but 
a more accurate examination, and a comparison with 
numerous specimens from Monte Video and the Argentine 
Republic, have led to the'conclusion that it ought to be 
considered as a variety of Lantana Selloviana. Chamisso, 
indeed, in the " Linnsea," above quoted, mentions two 
forms of this species, which, at first sight, might be consi- 
dered distinct : but our's agrees with neither of them. Its 


chief distinction, however, rests on the larger and longer 
foliage, and narrower leaflets of the involucre. In other 
respects they quite accord. 

The present plant is equally worth cultivation with the 
ordinary variety. In the summer it succeeds well in the 
greenhouse, and continues long in blossom. 

Fig. 1. Flower and Leaflet of the Involucre. 2. Calyx. 3. Corolla laid 
open : — magnified. 

KFttrh a 'tf: 

( 3942 ) 

Catasetum globiflorim. Globe- 
flowered Catasetum. 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium saepius globosum, nunc explanatum. Se- 
pala et petala subaequalia. Labellum crassum, carnosum, 
nudum, ventricosum vel explanaturn, fimbriatum ; sub apice 
saccatum, obsolete trilobum. Columna erecta, aptera, 
libera, apice utrinque cirrhosa. Anthera subbilocularis,' 
antice truncata. Pollinia 2, postice biloba vel sulcata; 
caudicula maxima nuda demum elastice coutractili; glan- 
dula cartilaginea subquadrata. — Herbas terrestres vel epi- 
phytes; caulibus brevibus fusiformibus vestigiis foliorum ves- 
titis. Folia basivaginantia,plicata. Scapi radicates. Flo- 
res speciosi, racemosi, virides, nunc purpureo-maculati. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Catasetum globiflorum ; spica elongata multiflora, perian- 
thio globoso, sepalis petalisque subconformibus ovatis 
acutis concavis arctissime imbricatis, labello hemi- 
sphserico-globoso, ore contracto oblongo inferne dila- 
tato basi columnae longitudine denticulato, columnae 
brevis setis rectiusculis. 

A most distinct and well-marked species of a very varia- 
ble Genus. I am indebted to Mr. D. Moore of the Glas- 
nevin Botanic Garden for specimens, from the stove of that 
valuable establishment, which had been received from Bra- 
zil in 1840. Dr. Gogarty, now a resident medical prac- 
titioner at Rio, sent this beautiful plant to the Glasnevin 

Garden ; 

Garden ; and to the same gentleman the collections of the 
Royal Dublin Society and the Zoological Gardens in 
Dublin are likewise indebted for many valuable contri- 
butions. Mr. Moore informs me that one specimen pro- 
duced no less than fifteen of these singular flowers. 

Descr. The pseudo-bulbs of this species, together with 
the foliage, seem to be very similar to those of most of the 
other described Cataseta. The spike of flowers is from a 
foot to a foot and a half high. Ovaries long and pedicelh- 
form, scarcely twisted. The entire blossom represents very 
nearly a depressed globe ,— the sepals ovate, acute, very 
concave, imbricated, mottled with purplish dingy brown. 
The two petals are similar in size and shape to these, but 
concealed by their closer lapping : and they are pale green, 
spotted with purple-brown. Lip very concave and ventri- 
cose, approaching to slipper-shaped, with the mouth singu- 
larly contracted, oblong, dilated towards the apex, the 
base elevated, obscurely denticulated and enclosing the 
column ; — the colour is pale green, richly spotted with 
deep purple towards the margin, and dotted with red near 
the apex. Column short, semicylindrical, pale yellow- 
green spotted with deep purple, and including the anther- 
case, not longer than the margin of the labellum. Seta 
long, purple, nearly straight. 

Fig. 1. Lip. 2. Column. 3. Pollen-masses. — magnified. 


( 3943 ) 

Gloxinia speciosa; var. Menziesii. Rough- 
leaved Gloxinia ; Mr. Menzies' var. 

Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Gesneriace^. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calycis tubus imo ovario adnatus ; limbus 5-fidus aut 5- 
partitus. Corolla infundibuliformis aut campanulato-sub- 
ringens, hinc postice ad basin gibba, aut subcalcarata, tubo 
ventricoso, limbo patulo subbilabiato, lobis 5 rotundatis. 
Stamina 4 didynama cum quinti rudimento. Anthers cohae- 
rentes. Glandulce 5 perigynae. Stylus in stigma orbicula- 
tum concavum subinfundibuliforme abeuns. Capsula 1- 
locularis bivalvis, placentis 2 parietalibus bilobis, semi- 
nibus numerosis oblongis. — Herbal vel suffrutices, species 
Australi -Americana, plerczque Brasilienses. Folia oppo- 
sita, inter dum radicalia, petiolata, crenata. Flores ampli, 
axillares aut radicates, pedicellati, sapius nutantes. D C. 

Specific Name, #c. 

Gloxinia speciosa. (For Specific Character and Synonyms, 
see our Tab. 3934 of the present volume. 

(y.) Menziesii; floribus pallide violaceis intus copiose punc- 
tatis. (Tab. nostr. 3943J 

While our artist was engaged in drawing the splendid 
variety of Gloxinia maculala, figured at Tab. 3934 of 
this volume, and which was deposited by Mr. Veitch, at 
Mr. Chandler's Nursery, Vauxhall, he was struck with 
the beauty of another kind, scarcely less worthy of cul- 
tivation, in Mr. Chandler's collection, where it is known 
under the name of Gloxinia Menziesii. It is the one 


here represented, in which the tube of the corolla is white 
or cream-coloured, with a tinge of purple : — the limb much 
paler than the usual state of the plant ; while, withinside, 
the almost white throat is elegantly marked with copious 
purple dots. 

I . , IW«W M r ' u li WI|r»i W W IIWWW 



( 3944 ) 

Alstrcemeria psittacina ; var. Erembotildti 

(hybrid. )7 Alstrcemeria ; Mr. Erembouldt's 

hybrid variety. 

Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Amaryllide^. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perigonium corollinum superum, sexpartitum, subcam- 
panulatum, regulare v. subbilabiatum, foliola : interiors an- 
gustiora, duo basi subtubulosa. Stamina 6, imo perigonio 
inserta ;filamenta erecta v. declinata; antherce ovales, erec- 
tse. Ovarium inferum, triloculare. Ovula in loculis pluri- 
ma, horizontalia, anatropa. Stylus filiformis, directione 
staminum; stigma trifidum, lobis replicatis. Capsula ob- 
longa v. globosa, tri-sexcostata, trilocularis, loculicido- 
trivalvis v. rarius baccata indehiscens. Semina in loculis 
plura subglobosa, horizontalia ; testa membranacea, rugo- 
sa; rhaphe immerso umbilicum basilarem chalazcB apicali 
tuberculiformi jungente. Embryo axilis, albumine carnoso 
dimidio brevior, extremitate radiculari umbilicum attin- 
gente. — Herbse in America Tropica et Australi extra-tropica 
Indigence, radicibus tuberoso-fasciculatis ; caulefolioso, erec- 
to, scandente v. volubili; fioribus terminalibus umbellatis. 
Nees ab Esenbeck. 

Specific Name, fyc. 

Alstrcemeria psittacina. (See our Tab. 3033 for Specific 

Character and Synonyms.) 

Var. Erembouldti (hybrida).— (Tub. nostr. 3944.) 

Communicated in July, 1837, by Dr. Graham from the 

Edinburgh Garden, under the name of Alstrcemeria Erem- 

° bouldti, 

bouldti, with respect to which, I am favoured with the fol- 
lowing remarks, by the Hon. and Very Rev. Mr. Herbert. 
" I understood, from the first, that Alstrosmeria Erem- 
bouldii was raised in Germany between A. psittacina and 
pulchra, or Hookeriana, and I see no reason to doubt the 
fact. Alstroemerias impregnated by the pollen of another 
species are very apt to produce strong pods, which disap- 
point the cultivator by proving empty ; but, occasionally, 
they contain one or two seeds. Three plants of A. aurea, 
var. Valparadisiaca, by A. pallida, have been raised at 
Spofforth, but have not yet flowered, and do not grow so 
freely as the mother plant. A. Erembouldti is not a free 
plant. A strong tuber planted out amongst other Alstroz- 
merias at Spofforth did not vegetate. A very vigorous pot 
full of it in flower was exhibited at Chiswick last summer 
(1839), by Mr. Barclay's gardener, who is very successful 
in cultivating this Genus." 

( 3945 ) 

Maxillaria cucullata. Hooded 

-St'i -St'* -St'. .St'i ■SI-'. &. .St'. -St'. ■St'. -St'. .Sk .St*. .St*. Ac. jfei .SK .Sfc .4'. .St'. .Sfc 

C7«ss «wrf Order. 
Gynandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — OrchidejE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium connivens, raro patens. Sepala lateral ia, 
cum basi columnas connata. Pelala subconformia. La- 
bellum trilobum, cucullatum, sessile, cum basi producta 
columnar articulatum. Columna semiteres aptera. Anthera 
subbilocularis. Pollinia 2, bipartibilia v. integra, caudi- 
cula brevi glandula transversa. — Epiphytae (Americana) 
pseudo-bulbosce, acaules v. caulescentes. Folia spicata v. 
coriacea. Pedunculi radicates, axillares v. terminates, uni- 
v. multijiori. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Maxillaria cucullata ; pseudo-bulbis ovalibus compressis 
monophyllis, folio lato scapis longiore, vaginis imbri- 
catis inflatis, bractea cucullata ovario longiore, sepalis 
ovatis acuminatis erectis, petalis conformibus paulo 
minoribus, labello oblongo carnoso trilobo petalorum 
longitudine, lobis lateralibus nanis intermedio elon- 
gato obtuso apice incrassato apiculato, callo disci 
spathulato loborum lateralium longitudine. Lindl. 

Maxillaria cucullata. Lindl. Bot. Reg. 1840, t. 12. 

Said to be introduced to our gardens by Mr. Henchman, 
from tropical America. It seems to have first flowered with 
His Grace the Duke of Devonshire. Our specimen blos- 
somed at Kew, in September, 1841; the plant having been 
received from Messrs. Loddiges of Hackney. It presents 


some slight discrepancies from the plant of Dr. Lindley, the 
scapes being much shorter (thus not having the Trigoni- 
DiUM-like habit with which Dr. Lindley compares it), and 
the sheaths of the scape, especially the upper one, are 
much less inflated, so that it scarcely deserves the name of 
" cucullata," given on account of the hooded appearance 
of the upper sheath, or bractea, just beneath the flower. 

Descr. Pseudo-bulbs tufted, oblong-ovate, compressed, 
smooth, partially surrounded by jagged membranes, termi- 
nated by a single, linear-oblong, coriaceous, dark green 
leaf. Scapes radical, in our specimens, about four inches 
long, terete, one-flowered, jointed, and clothed at the joints 
with membranous, greenish sheaths, cleft on one side about 
half-way down, the uppermost one, or bractea, is larger, 
more inflated, and includes the base of the flower. Peri- 
anth of a greenish-chocolate colour. Sepals oblongo-lance- 
olate, very acute, spreading. Petals of nearly the same 
shape, but smaller than they, and less green, connivent 
over the column. Lip jointed on the base of the decurrent 
column, where it forms a kind of blunt spur, recurved, ob- 
long, three-lobed, dark chocolate colour: the side-lobes 
small, the middle-lobe elongated : at the base of the lip, on 
the disk, is a spathulate, fleshy excrescence. Column flat- 
tened. Anther-case hemispherical. 

Fig. 1. Flower, with the Sepals removed. 2 Column. 3. 4. Pollen- 
masses : — magnified. 

C 394G ) 



Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Rubiace^e. J 

Generic Character. 

Calycis tubus turbinatus; limbus 5-partitus, laciniis line- 
ari-subulatis aequalibus deciduis. Corolla hypocrateri- 
morpha tubo calyce duplo longiore vix superne dilatato, 
limbo expanso fere 5-partito, lobis obovatis obtusissimis. 
Antherce oblongae, ad faucem subsessiles subinclusae. Stig- 
mata 2 carnosa. Fructus capsularis (Bacca? ex Sweet) 
obovato-oblongus nudus cicatrice apice notatus bilocularis, 
septicido ab apice ad basin dehiscens. Placenta elongata 
demuin a dissepimento libera. Semina minuta dense sur- 
sum imbricata, ala membranacea dentata, ad basin brevis- 
sima, apice latiore. — Arbuscula Asiatica. Rami teretes 
pubescentes. Folia elliptica acumine brevi, petiolata, supra 
glabra, subtus in nervis villosa. Stipulae utrinque solitaries 
basi latce apice cuspidatce petiolo longiores. Cory m bus ter- 
minalis multiflorus, ramulis oppositis, ultimis apice trifloris. 
Corollas rosea carnosulce. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Luculia* gratissima; foliis ellipticis acuminatis multiner- 
viis supra glabris subtus nervisque villosis, laciniis 
calycinis lanceolatis acutis, corollas lobis rotundatis. 

Luculia gratissima. Sw. Brit. Fl. Gard. t. 145. Be Cand. 
Prod. v. 4. p. 358. 

Cinchona gratissima. Wall. Tent. Fl. Nep. t. 31. Fl. 
Ind. v. 2. p. 154. 

MussyENDA Luculia. Ham. in Don Prodr. Fl. Nep. p. 139. 


* So called by Mr. Sweet, it would appear, from Luculi Swa, the 
Naware name. 


It is impossible, says Dr. Wallich, to conceive any thing 
more beautiful than this tree, when covered with its numer- 
ous rounded panicles of pink-coloured, very fragrant, large 
blossoms. It is a native of Nepal and Silhet, in the former 
country growing in great abundance on Nag-Urjooro and 
some of the other smaller hills in the valley ; also at Bechi- 
ako and Koolakan ; it delights in exposed, rather naked 
situations, flowering, according to the locality in which it is 
found, nearly the whole year through. 

I can well conceive that the plant deserves this praise, from what I 
saw of it, in a comparatively small specimen, in the greenhouse of Mrs. 
Marryatt, at Wimbledon ; and still more so from the account with 
which Mrs. Wrat has favored me of the individual from which the 
specimen here figured was taken. 

" The plant of Luculia from which the drawing was made, had 
been cultivated by us in a pot for two years, and with tolerable success ; 
but observing it to look very sickly, I determined to try the experiment 
of putting it into a large box, of which there are several, fitted at the 
back of a house, intermediate between the greenhouse and stove, and 
designed for climbers. This was done in March, and the plant soon 
began to show, by its vigorous shoots, how well this change of treat- 
ment suited its nature. By the month of October, it had attained a 
height of six feet and a half, each shoot being terminated by a head of 
flowers, similar to what was sent to you s the larger bunches, of winch 
there were twenty-four, measuring two feet in circumference, besides 
thirty smaller ones. 

" I am inclined to believe, that the atmosphere of a stove is too hot 
and close, and that of the greenhouse too cold and damp, considering 
the late season at which the Luculia flowers ; whereas, in the place to 
which it was removed, we frequently give fire heat by day during 
autumn, thus allowing air to be admitted at the same time, and the win- 
dows to be opened without detriment from the external cold. The soil 
in which it grows consists of a mixture of loam and leaf mould. I am 
not aware that any other peculiar management is required, except daily 
syringing during its growth, to destroy the red spider, to whose attacks 
it is extremely liable." 

Descr. A small tree, in its native country about sixteen feet high. 
■Bark thm, brownish, uneven. Branches opposite ; while young, red- 
dish and downy. Leaves opposite, spreading, ovate-oblong, acute at 
the base, acummate at the point, four to six inches long, somewhat 
coriaceous, glabrous, villous on the ribs beneath. Petiole rounded, 
short. Stipules lanceolate, with a long point, half an inch long, very 
deciduous. Panicles large, terminal on the numerous branches, with 
decussate ramifications, bearing numerous linear, deciduous bracteas. 
flowers numerous, large, showy, very fragrant, of a beautiful pink or 
rose colour, forming an almost rounded mass upon the panicle. Germen 
interior, oboyate, downy. Calyx-segments longer than the germen, 
erect, lanceolate, unequal, green tinged with red, deciduous. Corolla 
salver-shaped : the tube slender, longer than the calyx ; the limb spread- 
ing, ot five deep, rounded, close-placed lobes, imbricated in aestivation. 
Stamens inserted into the tube : the yellow anthers projecting a little 
wth tl ^ StyU filiform - Sti 3 ma lar S e ' bi Partite, included 


, ( 3947 ) 

Rhododendron anthopogon. Bearded 


Class and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Erice^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 4-partitus. Corolla infundibuliformis, rarius carn- 
panulata aut rotata, nunc regularis, semper 5-loba. Stamina 
10 (rarius abortu 6 — 9) corolla non adnata, ante et inter 
lobos sita, saepius declinata exserta. Anthera poris 2 termi- 
nalibus dehiscentes. Capsula 5-locularis 5-valvis, aut 10- 
locularis 10-valvis septicido-dehiscens. Semina axi colum- 
nar angulo adnata, compresso-scobiformia subulata. — Pru- 
tices rarius arbores. Folia sempervirentia petiolata integer- 
rima. Flores in corymbos terminates dispositi. Alabastra 
Jloralia squamosa. Corolla? conspicua purpurea alba: vel 
jlava. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Rhododendron anthopogon; ramulis pubescentibus ferru- 
gineo-lepidotis, foliis sempervirentibus ellipticis sub- 
tus dense lepidotis demum ferrugineis, capitulis stro- 
biliformibus, floribus pentandris, calyce 5-partito 
segmentis oblongis, corolla hypocrateriformi, limbo 5- 
partito segmentis subrotundis fauce lanatis, staminibus 
inclusis. Graham. 

Rhododendron anthopogon. Don, Fl. Nepal. 153. Wall. 
Cat. No. 759. Royle, Must. t. 64. D C. Prodr. v. 7. 
p. 725. Graham in Ed. Phil. Journ. Sept. 1841. 

The Countess of Rosslyn has taken great pains to form, 
at Dysart House, an unusually extensive collection of the 
different species and superb varieties of Rhododendron, and 
placed there, under the judicious management of the gar- 
dener, Mr. Blair, they thrive and flower in a manner cer- 

tainly not surpassed in any collection in Britain. Among 
these, the rare species now described forms a dense bush. 
It was obtained from Messrs. Loddiges five years ago, and 
during each of the last three years it has flowered in the open 
border abundantly in April, and partially in August. It is a 
native of the Himalaya mountains, and extends, as we are 
informed by Dr. Royle, along the range from Nepal to 
Cashmere, never descending lower than 9,000 feet above 
the level of the sea, but rising to an elevation exceeding 
14,000 feet, with the last remains of woody plants. 

De Candolle notices the conflicting statements, regard- 
ing the number of stamens, by different authors. The 
number may vary, but I am quite certain that in the blos- 
soms of the individual which I examined there were uni- 
formly five. The native specimens which I possess from Dr. 
Wallich have no perfect flowers. The cultivated plant 
differs from Dr. Royle's figure in being of a much paler 
colour, in the segments of the corolla being far broader, 
overlapping, and undulate, and in the bracts being rusty 
rather than yellow. 

Descr. Shrub (in the specimen described fifteen inches high, eigh- 
teen inches in diameter) much branched, compact ; branches pubes- 
cent, and covered with brown scales. Leaves (an inch and a half long, 
half an inch broad) collected towards the extremities of the branches, 
petiolate, elliptical, entire, coriaceous, evergreen, mucronulate, densely 
covered below with scales, which, at first, are pale green, but soon 
become rusty, glabrous, dark green and shining above, having a strong 
middle rib, and a few oblique, sparingly reticulated veins channelled 
above; petiole erect, rounded on the back, channelled in front, scaly 
like the branches. Capitula terminal, encased by a few large, ovate, 
keeled, rusty, ciliated bracts, the dilated petioles of leaves, of which the 
diminished laminae are seen upon the apices of some of the leaves ; 
similar bracts, but rather smaller and less keeled, are repeated on the 
outside of each pedicellate flower in the capitulum, and on each side at 
the base of every pedicel there is an elongated, narrow, spathulate bract, 
stretching a little way beyond the calyx. Calyx as long as the pedicel, 
- five-partite, the segments green, elliptical, tomentous at the edges, the 
three outer the larger. Corolla yellowish-white, salver-shaped ; the 
tube cylindrical, curved outwards, three to four times as long as the 
calyx, glabrous ; limb very oblique, five-partite ; lobes subrotund, over- 
lapping, undulate, shorter than the tube, glabrous, without nectary ; 
throat closed by a dense tuft of white wool, which extends fully half- 
way down the tube. Stamens five, hypogynous, erect, included, longer 
than the calyx ; filaments slender, glabrous ; anthers adnate, erect, swel- 
ling upwards, opening by two pores at the apex, without awns ; pollen 
white, granules minute, round. Pistil shorter than the stamens ; stigma 
capitate, obscurely lobed, green, covering the oblong apex of the stout, 
compressed, clavate style; germen five-lobed, five-celled, the dissepi- 
ments opposite to the stamens, which lie in the furrows between the 
lobes. Ovules numerous, upon linear central placentae, which project 
their edge into the cells. Graham. 


C 3948 ) 

Fuchsia integrifolia. Entire-leaved 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Onagrarije. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cali/cis tubus basi ovario adherens, superne productus 
in tubum cylindraceum 4-lobum post anthesin articulatim 
deciduum. Petala 4 summo tubo inserta lobis alterna, ra- 
rius o. Stamina 8. Ovarium glandula urceolata corona- 
turn. Stylus filiformis. Stigma capitatum. Bacca ob- 
longo- aut ovato-globosa 4-locularis 4-valvis polysperma. 
— Frutices. Folia scepius opposita. Pediculi axillares 1- 
flori, interdum ad apices ramorum racemosi. Flores sapius 
nutantes, rubri rarius albi, interdum b-Jidi 10-andri. D t. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Fuchsia integrifolia; caule saepe prostrato radicante, foliis 
ellipticis oppositis ternisque acuminatis subdentatis 
glabris subtus purpurascentibus, stipulis transversim 
oblongis carnosis deflexis apiculatis, apiculo sphace- 
late, pedunculis axillaribus solitarns umfloris, lacinns 
calycinis acuminatis petala cuneata duplo exceden- 

F.eStS^ 10 ^-. in S, HiL FL Bras. Merid. 

v. % p. 273. 
Fuchsia affinis. Ca?nbass. I. c 2. P-* 1 *- fif . 

Fuchsia pvrifolia. Presl. Symb. Bot. v. 2. p. 19. t. bo. 
Fuchsia" radical*. Miers in Lindl. Bot. Reg. Suppl. 1841. 

p. 78. 

Mr Miers has the merit of making this beau '^Brazi- 
lian Fuchsia known to Botanists of this country and to 
cultivator^ by the introduction of it to our greenhouses trom 

the Organ mountains. Plants have likewise been liberally distributed 
by him, and we owe the specimen here figured to the kindness of our 
good friend, Mr. Ferguson, who sent it from the Royal Botanic 
Garden Belfast, in the month of October, 1841. Native specimens are 
amongst the earliest of Mr. Gardner's Brazilian Collections (n. 375), 
and he has there remarked, " This plant is very common in the Organ 
mountains. I have not met with it lower than 3,000 feet above the ele- 
vation of the sea, but from that altitude, to about 6,000 feet, it abounds. 
In the Virgin forests it is most common by the sides of streams, climb- 
ing up the stems of the large trees, and flowering among the branches. I 
have seen it reach to a height of forty or fifty feet, giving the trees to 
which it has attached itself, the appearance of being Fuchsias them- 
selves. At an elevation of 5 to 6,000 feet it loses its climbing habit, and 
becomes a bush, varying from two to four feet high." — In this latter 
state it must have a good deal the appearance of F. macrostemma, which, 
Dr. Lindley observes, the flowers considerably resemble. The leaves, 
however, are much larger, and the stipules afford a very important 
character. Four species of Brazilian Fuchsia are described by 
Cambassedes, in St. Hilaire's Fl. Bras. Merid., two of which we 
think may with safety be considered the same as that here figured, 
although the rooting character is not mentioned. Mr. Miers, in his 
obliging communication to us (as well as Dr. Lindley), lays much 
stress on the petals being scarcely longer than the tube of the calyx, and 
on the coalescing of the segments of the limb; but these characters do 
not exist in Mr. Gardner's native specimens. 

The rooting character of Mr. Miers' plant induced him to give the 
name of radicans to this species ; but our growing plant does not ex- 
hibit this property, and Mr. Gardner, writing from Pontrilas House, 
while on a visit to Mr. Bentham, says, " I have been making a careful 
comparison of my species from the Organ mountains with Pohl's 
drawing and description of F. pyrifolia, as well as with F. integrifolia 
and F. affinis of Cambassedes, in which I was assisted by Mr. Ben- 
tram and we have both come to the conclusion, that they are all one 
and the same species, for there is no character by which to distinguish 
tliem Indeed, Cambassedes says, he believes his affinis to be only a 
variety of integrifolia, and Pursh remarks of his species that it resem- 
bles affims. The clunbing and rooting propensities are, I know, from 
observations made on the plants whence my specimens were obtained, 
only called forth under peculiar circumstances. 

Ihe Fuchsia pubescens and montana of Camb. in St. Hil. Fl. Bras. 
mena. lab. 134 and 135, have smaller leaves than the present species, 
ana more toothed, and seem scarcely distinct from each other. To one 
or other of them may, assuredly, be referred the Quelusia regia, Veil. 
* I Flum. v. 4. tab. 6. , 

Descr The habit of the plant, and the rooting character of the stem 
ate described above. The leaves are opposite in our specimens, but as 
lmm it D ^ E ? T orms us ' fre q u ently lernate, from three to five inches 
t J' Elliptical, obtuse or subcordate at the base, acuminate and toothed 
tiZlT lif extrenu ty glabrous, except in the nascent foliage, deeply 
k S P ^? le benealh > and on the midrib and petiole, which latter 

St™ an i ° ng ' g roove d above. Flowers of a beautiful crimson. 
tamens much Protruded. Ovary and young fruit oblong. 

spS^Ky Mr Mi™ ° f *? >**** Stem ' from a *»** ""* 
vy .ui. nusis, — Ha;, size. 

( 3940 ) 

Berberis nervosa. Strong-nerved 

Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Old. — Berberide,e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala 6 squamis 3 extus stipata. Petala 6 intus biglan- 
dulosa. Stamina edentula. Bacca 2 — 3-sperma. Semina 
2, rarius 3 ad basim lateral iter inserta, erecta, oblonga, 
testa Crustacea, albumine carnoso, cotyledonibus foliaceis 
ellipticis, radicula longa apice capitellata. — Frutices, foliis 
primariis abortivis et in spinam scepius mutatis, secundariis 
in axillis fasciculatis. Flores in omnibus Jiavi. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Berberis nervosa; foliis elongatis 5— 6-jugis, jugo inferiore 
apetioli basi distante, foliolis ovato-acuminatis repande 
spinoso-dentatis basi 3— 5-nerviis, racemis elongatis, 
filamentis 2 dentatis. 

Berberis nervosa. Pursh, Ft. Am. Sept. v. \.p. 219. *. 5. 
(excl. the flowers, which belong to B. Aquifohum.) 
Hook. Fl. Bor. Am. v.l.p. 29. Torr. et Gray, N. Am. 
Fl. v. I. p. 51. 

Mahonia nervosa. Nutt. Gen. Am. v.l.p. 202. De Cand. 
Prodr. v. 1. p. 108. 

Berberis glumacea. Spreng. Syst. Veget. v. 2. p. 1^0. 
Lindl. Bot. Reg. t. 1425. 

Mahonia idumacea. De Cand. Prodr. v.l.p. 109. 


One of the many beautiful plants, now a great ornament 
of our gardens and shrubberies, for which we are indebted 
to the late enterprising Douglas. He sent seeds of it to 


the Horticultural Society in 1822, whence it has been libe- 
rally distributed. It bears its bright yellow, copious spikes 
of blossoms, which are beautifully nestled in the foliage, in 
the very early spring. Our figure was made in 1841, at the 
Glasgow Botanic Garden, from plants reared from seeds 
sent from the Columbia by Mr. Tolmie. It is common in 
shady pine forests on the coast of the Pacific, from N. lat. 
40° to 49°, but is not found East of the woody country that 
skirts the coast. 

1 retain the original name of Mr. Pursh ; for, although 
he erred in representing the flowers of B. Aquifolium (sepa- 
rate indeed from the leafy branch) on the same plate with 
the foliage of B. nervosa, there can be no question of the 
identity of his plant. 

Descr. B. nervosa forms a beautiful evergreen shrub, of 
low stature, but bearing many short branches clothed with 
long pinnated foliage. These branches have numerous 
large, imbricated, lanceolate, acuminate, and pungent 
brown scales or stipules, and similar scales clothe the base 
of the peduncles. Leaves varying much in length, from six 
inches to a foot : the petiole below is for some inches 
naked, the rest having from three to six or seven ovate, 
sessile, acuminated, harsh, rigid leaflets, with an odd one, 
strongly nerved, the nerves three to five from the very base, 
the margins repando-dentate, the teeth sharp and unequal, 
almost spinulose. Racemes four to five inches long, two or 
three from one point, clothed with densely placed, bright 
yellow flowers, from the apex almost to the base. Pedicels 
very short, each subtended by a small, deciduous bractea. 
Sepals unequal, three outer ones small, and often tinged 
with red, three inner larger, all ovate. Petals equal, oval, 
two-toothed at the apex, and with two small glands near 
the base. Stamens with a tooth on each side below the 
anther, as in this " MAHONiA"-groupof Berberis, but which, 
as well as the glands of the petals, are, unfortunately, 
omitted by the artist, an omission not detected till it was 
too late to have it corrected. 

Fig. 1. 2. Front and back view of a Flower. 3. Petal and Stamens : 
magnified (the teeth of the Filament and the Glands of the Petal are, 
through carelessness, omitted). 


( 3950 ) 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Thymele^. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium infundibuliforme, limbo 4-fido, fauce esqua- 
raata. Stamina duo fauci inserta laciniis exterioribus oppo- 
site. Stylus lateralis. Stigma capitatum. — Frutices. Folia 
opposita, raro alterna. Flores capitati, terminates, foliis 
involucrantibus scepe dissimilibus, interdum connatis, rarius 
spicati vel axillares, quandoque dioici. Perianthii tubus in 
plerisque medio articulatus, articulo inferiore persistenti. Br. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Pimelea spectabilis ; foliis oppositis lineari-oblongis acutis 
sessilibus uniuerviis glaucis ramisque glaberrimis, capi- 
tulis terminalibus multifloris, perianthii limbo sericeo 
tubo piloso, involucri foliolis late ovatis acutis utrin- 
que glabris subcoloratis capitulum aequantibus. 

Pimelea spectabilis. Lindl. Bot. Reg. Append, p. 41. 

This beautiful species was received at the Botanic Gar- 
den, Edinburgh, in 1839, from the rich collection of Mr. 
Low of Clapton, and flowered abundantly, and for the first 
time, in the greenhouse, in March, 1 841 . It was said to have 
crimson bracts; but, though blooming in fine clear weather, 
there is only a slight reddish tinge perceptible at the extre- 
mities; nor has any part of the flower, except the tips of the 
unexpanded perianth, the anthers, and germeu, the least 
approach to colour of any kind. This may cause some 
doubt as to the species being identical with P. spectabilis 
of Lindley ; which, he says, has pink flowers ; but in other 
respects it agrees with the character. In no species in cul- 
tivation, nor yet native specimens, so far as 1 have seen, are 
the capitula nearly so large as in this. 


Descr. Stem woody, erect ; bark brown, and marked 
by the fallen leaves. Branches long, straggling, and pen- 
dulous in the cultivated specimen, which is, perhaps, pre- 
ternaturally luxuriant, for in a native specimen in Sir 
William Hooker's Herbarium they are erect and shorter, 
and the whole plant does not exceed sixteen inches in 
length— the cultivated one described is exactly one foot 
more, the branches subverticillate, the lower ones being 
one foot long, the upper three inches, everywhere, as well 
as the stem, glabrous. Leaves opposite, narrow, linear- 
oblong, gradually broader towards the extremity of the 
branches, acute, mucronulate, glaucous, glabrous, indis- 
tinctly veined ; midrib channelled below, flat above. Capi- 
tulum terminal, very large ; involucre much broader than the 
leaves, and (in the specimen described) of a paler colour, 
occasionally slightly reddened at the apices, cordate-ovate, 
acute. Pedicels short, hairy. Perianth equal to the invo- 
lucre, white, before expansion reddish at the apex, every- 
where hairy except on the inside of the tube ; hairs in the 
middle of the tube long and spreading, elsewhere short and 
subappressed ; tube striated at its base ; limb spreading, 
segments ovato-lanceolate, becoming reflexed in the sides, 
and afterwards undulate. Stamens at first erect, afterwards 
reflected along the limb, than which they are shorter; fila- 
ments colourless, glabrous; anthers pale yellow, linear. 
Pistil longer than the perianth, erect ; stigma small, capi- 
tate; style filiform, colourless, oblique upon the apex of the 
germen; germen green, glabrous, keeled on one side.. 
Ovule solitary, pendulous. Graham. 

' fe sl 

( 3951 ) 

Epidendrum Skinneri. Mr. Skinner's 


Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala patentia subaequalia. Petala sepalis aequalia vel 
angustiora, refills latiora, patentia vel reflexa. Labellum 
cum marginibus columnar omnino vel parte connatum, lim- 
bo integro vel diviso, disco saepius calloso costato vel tuber- 
culato ; nunc in calcar productum, ovario accretum et 
cuniculum formans. Columna elongata; clinandrio margi- 
nato, ssepe fimbriato. Anthera carnosa, 2 — 4 locularis. 
Pollinia 4, caudiculis totidem replicatis annexa.-— Herbae 
epiphyte (Americana), caule nunc apice vel basi pseudo- 
bulboso, nunc elongato apice folioso. Folia carnosa, raris- 
sime venis elevatis striata. Flores spicati, racernosi, corym- 
bosi vel paniculati, terminates vel later ales. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Epidendrum Skinneri; foliis distichis lanceolatis acumina- 
tis, caule apice longe aphyllo squamoso, racemo cylin- 
draceo multifloro, floribus cernuis, sepalis lineari-lan- 
ceolatis, petalis ovalibus (seu ovali-lanceolatis) acutis, 
labello ovato-acuminato integerrimo basi callo sulcato 
cristato. Lindl. 

Epidendrum Skinneri. Batem. MSS. Lindl Bot. Reg. t. 


From the rich and well cultivated collection of Dillwyn 
Llewelyn, Esq., of Penllegare, Glamorganshire. It is a 
native of Guatemala, and first flowered in this country in 


the stove of James Bateman, Jun., Esq., who named it in 
compliment to Mr. Skinner, its discoverer; and truly wor- 
thy it is to bear the name of a gentleman who has for so 
many years, and so unweariedly, exerted himself to enrich 
our hothouses with the choicest Orchide;e of one of the 
most fertile provinces in tropical America. It is spoken of 
as a most free flowering species, if it be but well supplied 
with heat and moisture. 

Descr. The stems grow in a tufted manner, erect, at 
first rounded and leafy, scarcely a foot high, and then ter- 
minating in the long, slender peduncle with its beautiful 
raceme of flowers. Leaves lanceolate, five to six inches 
long, rather fleshy, their bases sheathing the whole stem : 
— after flowering the stem swells and becomes a narrow, 
elongated pseudo-bulb, clothed with the sheathing bases 
of the leaves. Bracteas subulate at the base of the very 
slender, pedicelliform germen. Flowers of a rich deep 
lilac-purple. Sepals and petals spreading, the former nar- 
row-lanceolate, acuminate, the latter broadly lanceolate, 
almost ovate, acute. Lip ovate, acuminate, quite entire, 
united with the column, near the middle of the latter, having 
a yellow, fleshy crest at the base, with five deep furrows. 
Column dilated upwards, with two rounded, obtuse, pro- 
jecting wings. Anther hemispherical. 

Fig. 1. Lip and Column. 2. Column, from which the Lip is removed : 
— magnified. 

( 3952 ) 

Plumieria acuminata. Sharp-leaved 


Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 
( Nat. Ord. — Apocine^;.) 

Generic Character. 

Contorta. Calyx quinquepartitus, obtusus, minimus. 
Corolla infundibuliformis, tubo longo sensim ampliato ; 
limbo quinquepartito, erecto-patente, laciniis ovato-oblon- 
gis, obliquis. Filamenta e medio tubi, antheris conniven- 
tibus. Styli vix ulli., stigmate duplici acuminato. Folliculi 
longi acuminati, ventricosi, patentes aut deorsum flexl, nu- 
tantes. Semina numerosa, oblonga, membranae majori 
ovatae (crenato-dentatae) ad basin inserta., imbricata. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Plumieria* acuminata; foliis planis cuneato-lanceolatis 
acuminatis, cymis terminalibus multifloris, corollae lim- 
bi laciniis oblique ovatis obtusis. 


* So named in honor of one of the most distinguished Botanists of the 
seventeenth century, Charles Plumier (hence Plumieria and not 
Plumeria is the right orthography), a French ecclesiastic of the order of 
the Minims, who undertook no less than three different voyages to the West 
Indies, and was about to be sent on a fourth when he died at Cadiz of 
pjeurisy in 1704, in his fifty-eighth year. The principal works we have 
from him are his " Description des Plantes de l'Amerique, a folio, with one 
hundred and eight plates from outline drawings made by Plumier himself; 
chiefly consisting of Ferns, Peppers, Aroidese, and Passion-flowers. This 
appeared in 1693, and was followed by his " Nova Plantarum Americana- 
rum Genera," in quarto, in 1703, and contains one hundred and three new 
Genera. The Ferns of his first book were afterwards republished, with 
many additional figures, in his great and very useful work, " Traite des 
Fougeres, &c, de l'Amerique, which appeared in 1705, with one hundred 
and seventy-two excellent plates. Many of his drawings were half a century 
after his death published by J. Burmann in the " Plantse Americana; a C. 
Plumier select® et a J. Burmanno editse, in fob, 1755." It would appear 
also that Father Plumier, in the " Journal des Sciences" in 1694, first 
showed that the Cochineal was of animal and not vegetable nature. See 
Sir James E. Smith's Memoir of Plumier in Rees' Cyclopaedia, for much 
more interesting information relative to this distinguished Botanist and 
excellent man. 


Plumieria acuminata. Ait. Hort. Kew. ed. 2. v. 2. p. 70. 

Roxb. FL Ind. vol. 2. p. 20. 
Plumieria acutifolia. Poir. Encyc. Meth. Suppl. II. p. 667. 

(according to Steudel.) 
Plumieria obtusifolia. Lour. FL Cochin, v. 1. p. 144. 

(according to Steudel.) 
Flos convolutus. Rumph. Amb. vol. 4. p. 85. tab. 38. 

Those who have a good stove and sufficient height should 
not fail to cultivate this beautiful tropical-looking plant. 
The foliage is large and handsome ; the flowers copious, 
each three inches in diameter, and so deliciously fragrant 
that a very large house is scented throughout by a very few 
of the expanded flowers, and this scent is retained by the 
corolla for some time after it has fallen from the tree. 
These blossoms continue expanding in succession upon the 
same cyme for a period of many weeks. The whole plant 
J*J.|j J as Dr - Roxburgh says, of a tenacious white juice, 
which exudes plentifully on being wounded. It is from 
this circumstance, probably, that the French call the spe- 
cies of this Genus « Franchipanier/' Franchipane being 
coagulated milk. It flowers throughout the summer months 
in the stove of the Royal Botanic Garden, and till late in 
autumn. During the winter months even the leaves are 
deciduous, and the bare branches are then, it must be ac- 
knowledged, very unsightly. It loves heat, and with us 
the pot is always plunged in tan. 

Great difficulty attends the discriminating the different species of 
±t.umieria : with regard to the present there can be no doubt, of its 
being the original plant so named in the second edition of the " Hortus 
KewensLs It is a native of the East Indies, and was introduced to 
me Koyai Gardens by Sir Joseph Banks, in the year 1790. 

Descr. A small tree, from ten to fifteen or twenty feet high, 
Branched: the branches swollen and very succulent towards the 
extremities and bearing the foliage only at the very apex : below are 
me scars oi former years' leaves. Leaves often a foot or more long in 
me blade cuneato-lanceolate, of a rich deep green, acuminate, quite 
entire, plane, with numerous parallel nerves, tapering at the base, 
mere channelled, and gradually passing into a thick, fleshy petiole. 
■uhs petiole is scarcely two inches long, channelled above, and not un- 
irequentiy near the middle, bearing one on each side, two small, une- 
qual cucullate leaves upon comparatively long petioles, as shown in 
our figure. Below the present year's foliage are the scars from whence 
me previous year's leaves have fallen. From among these leaves, at the 
rnAA i ^' anches ' arises the petiole, four to five inches long, thick, 
rounded, glabrous, (as is every part of the plant,) soon dividing into a 
«m ii ° } me t- ira g rant flowers. Peduncles and pedicels jointed. Calyx 

sS T V+? v * Ped ' Wlth five sma11 ' blunt - erect teeth - Corolla With a 
vpm* V i ai i dfivelar &e, spreading, obliquely ovate, obtuse segments, 
yeuow below the upper half white: the outside also white or cream - 
coloured, ramtly streaked with a darker hue. The mouth of the corolla is 
much contracted, and the tube entirely includes the stamens and pi*?* 1 - 


( 3953 ) 



Class and Order. 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — RuBiACEyE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx dentibus 5 profundis acutis, persistens. Corolla 
infundibuliformis, tubo cylindrico, calyce longiore apice 
(sub) ventricoso, limbo piano reflexo laciniis (sub) rotun- 
datis (planiusculis). Antherce non prominentes. Stigma 
bifidum, (obtusum, Linn.) Capsula subglobosa bacciformis, 
calyce coronata, bi- (et 4-) locularis, apice in partes 2 de- 
hiscens, polysperma (et solitaria semina). Roem. et Sch. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Rondeletia* odorata ; foliis vix petiolatis ovatis aut sub- 
cordatis acutiusculis, supra sparse scabris, subtus palli- 
dioribus in nervis tantum scabris, corymbis terminali- 
bus. D C. 

Rondeletia odorata. Jacq. Amer. p. 59. t. 42. Linn. Sp. 
PL p. 1671. Humb. et Kunth, Nov. Gen. Am. v. 3. p. 
394. De Cand. Prodr. v. 4. p. 408. 

(/J ) floribus flavescentibus. R. odorata. Lindl. Bot. Reg. 
t. 1905. 

A native, it is said, of Havana, and of Mexico. Our spe- 
cimen was communicated by Dr. Graham from the Edin- 
burgh Botanic Garden in November, 1841, and its flowers 
were truly brilliant and of a vermilion colour, as they are 


* So named by Father Plumier, in memory of William Rondelet, 
a physician of Montpelier ; well known for his work on Fishes, and who also 
studied Botany in connection with the Materia Medica. 

described to be in its native country; so that I cannot but 
look upon the plant figured by Dr. Lindley in the Botanical 
Register above quoted, with more of yellow than red in 
their colour, as a variety. The fragrance, however, as that 
Botanist justly observes, is not very powerful. Its flowers 
render it a great ornament in the stove, where alone it can 
be cultivated successfully. 

Descr. Stem straggling, branched, the branches round- 
ed, downy. Leaves in opposite and rather remote pairs, 
ovate, acute or somewhat acuminate, entire, waved, upon a 
very short petiole, harsh with down above, paler and less 
downy beneath, where the down is principally confined to 
the nerves. Stipules lanceolato-subulate, green. Corymbs 
terminal, trichotomously compound ; bracteas at the setting 
on of the branches, linear - acuminate, hairy. Pedicels 
hairy, and the calyx which has a short, obovate, green tube, 
and five linear, erect, red segments, longer than the tube : 
within these segments, at the base of each, is a pair of ovate, 
dark-brown glands, and a circle of erect, chatty hairs. Co- 
rolla bright vermilion, salver - shaped ; the tube narrow, 
longer than the calycine segments ; the limb spreading, of 
five rounded segments : at the mouth is a bright yellow pro- 
jecting ring or cup. Stamens included within the tube : 
anthers sessile. Style filiform, as long as the tube of the 
corolla. Stigma club-shaped, bifid at the apex. 

Fig. 1. Calyx and Pistil. 2. Corolla laid open. 3. The Ovary laid open. 
4. Portion of the Mouth of the Calyx, with part of the Circle of Hairs and 
of the Glands : — magnified. 

( 3954 ) 

Solanum BalbIsii ; var. bipinnata. Balbis' 
Nightshade ; bipinnate-leaved var. 


Class and Order. 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Solaneje. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx monophyllus, persistens. Corolla monopetala, ro- 
tata. Antherce oblongoe, apice poris duobus dehiscentes. 
Bacca bi- tri- quadrilocularis. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Solanum Balbisii; caule fruticoso hirsuto aculeato, foliis 
pinnatifidis bipinnatisque, laciniis acutis sinuato-denta- 
tis, racemis cymosis lateralibus terminalibusque. 

(«.) floribus albis, foliis pinnatifidis. 

Solanum Balbisii. Dunal, Solan, p. 232. t. S.f. D. (for the 
other Synonyms see our Tab. 2828.) 

(£.) floribus purpureis, foliis pinnatifidis. Hook, in Bot. 
Mag. t. 2828. 

(y.) floribus albis, foliis bipinuatis. (Tab. nostr. 3954.) 

Received from the Royal Edinburgh Botanic Garden, by 
the favour of Dr. Graham ; to whom the seeds were sent by 
Mr. Tweedie from Buenos Ayres. As a species, it is assur- 
edly a very variable plant, not only in the form of the foli- 
age but still more so in the colour of the blossoms. These 
latter are white or cream-colour ; or pale blue or purple, as 
shown in our Tab. 2828. Our present variety has ex- 
tremely pale flowers, but the leaves are very much divided, 
so as instead of being simply pinnatifid, they are truly bi- 
pinnate. All the varieties are showy, and well worthy of 
cultivation in the stove, or even in a warm greenhouse. 


Fig. 1. Calyx and Pistil. 2. Ovary :— magnified. 

The Honorable and Rev. Mr. Herbert has requested us to give 
place in an early number to the following 



Supra 3863 ad calcem. 6. Lsevigatus. dele In Erymantho nive fusa. 
statim exortus ; et lege, In insula Cythno (hodie Thermia) et Milonis 
parte occidentali juga schistosa tenet. 


1. Biflorus. Passim circa sinum Saronicum teste Bory, Voy. d. Mor. 

13. Sieberianus. In summo Taygeti jugo nive fusa statim exoritur, 
usque ad 6,000 circiter ped. alt. m. Maio noridus. 

C. candidus ; Clark Trav., 8$c, 1812. Foliis lanceolato-linearibus flore 
brevioribus, stigmatibus antheras subsequantibus profundissime 
multipartitis, radicum tunica fibroso-costata, corollse laciniis ellip- 
ticis. — In monte Gargaro m. Martiojloridus. Eundem esse cum 
croco serius C. lacteus concolor dicto (lagenseflori var.) ex tunicis 
fibroso-costatis conjicio. — C. vernus, Clark ib. in Gargaro inventus 
forsan est Sieberianus teste Gay Troadis incola. — C. aureus Clark 
ib. forsan Gargaricus. Crocorum millia millia candidorum, viola- 
ceorum, et luteorum, in dumetis (forest) inter Bolim et Geridim 
seu Gherizam m. Aprili florida tribus preedictis in Gargaro forsan 
conformia sunt. Ex ea quoque regione forsan C. luteus provenit. — 
C. aureum a Sibthorp in Cycladibus, non in Peloponeso, inventus, 
neque a Bory in Cycl. occidentalibus repertus, Cyclades occiden- 
tales Cbium, &c, habitare puto. — C. insularis terram in Corsica 
septentrionabl schistosam (" scluste talqueux decompose." Rom.) 
occupat; flore violaceo, sepalorum colore exteriore variabili ex 
luteo pallescente plus minus plumeo-striato, fauce la^vi numquam 
lutescente, magnitudine cormi, foliorum, florum, variabili. — C. 
minimus var. qusedam C. insularis inter minores, nescio qua. certa 
ratione secernenda, mihi videtur. W. H. 

( 3955 ) 




Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala lateralia, patula, libera. Labellum planum, ungui- 
culatum, ascendens, limbo reflexo diviso dentato apice an- 
gustato, basi concavum crista bilamellata raro fimbriata 
saepius antice bidentata auctum. Columna elongata, apice 
auriculata aut aptera. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Odontoglossum grande; pseudo-bulbis aggregatis ovato- 
oblongiscompressisancipitibus diphyllis, foliis lanceo- 
latis acutis scapo paucifloro duplo brevioribus, sepalis 
lanceolatis lateralibus convexis falcatis petalisque ob- 
longis obtusiusculis latioribus subundulatis, labello 
subrotundo basi auriculato sepalis plus duplo breviore, 
tuberculis basi tribus corrugatis aliisque lateralibus 
deutiformibus minoribus, columnar tomentosas margin- 
ibus rotundatis convexis incurvis. Lindl. Bot. Reg. 
Misc. 1840. n. 94. 

Odontoglossum grande. Lindl. I. c. Batem. Orchid. Gua- 
tem. et Mex. Tab. 24. 

This truly magnificent plant blossomed in September,, 
1841, in the Orchideous House of His Grace the Duke of 
Bedford, pseudo-bulbs having been sent to His Grace's late 
father, and it would indeed have gratified that nobleman had 
he lived to wituess its extraordinary blossoms. It is first 
noticed in the miscellaneous pages of the Botanical Register. 


Mr. Bateman, who has given a splendid figure of it, says, 
t( this noble plant may well be described by its discoverer 
(Mr. Skinner) as among the most magnificent ornaments of 
the Orchidaceous Flora of Guatemala : and Mr. Bateman 
himself observes that, " in brilliancy of colour if it yield to 
certain species of L^slia and Cattleya, it must confessedly 
be placed at the head of the vast group of South American 
Vande.e, curious and beautiful though they all be." Like 
the two plants that flowered in Mr. Bateman's collection, 
our's produced only four blossoms ; but that gentleman's 
had soon after attained to a vigour of growth that left little 
doubt they will eventually produce the full complement of 
flowers, which, in their native specimens, is sometimes not 
less than eight : — and as such, that is, bearing eight flow- 
ers, he has represented it. 

Descr. Pseudo-bulbs clustered, broadly oval, compress- 
ed, nearly smooth, with two large, sheathing, brown, mem- 
branous scales at the base, and terminated by two broadly 
lanceolate, waved, striated leaves, sprinkled on the under- 
side with numerous minute, dark-brown dots. From within 
one of the scales at the base of the pseudo-bulb arises the 
scape, about a foot high, bracteated at intervals, and bear- 
ing, in the present instance, four large and very handsome 
flowers, each with a lanceolate, membranous braclea at the 
base of the germen. Perianth spreading. Sepals three 
inches long, lanceolate, yellow banded with rich ferrugin- 
ous spots. Petals about equal in length with the sepals, 
but broader, and very obtuse, ferruginous, suddenly be- 
coming yellow below, and to, the apex. Lip much shorter 
than the sepals and petals, broadly obovate, almost round- 
ed, slightly einarginate at the apex, yellow, banded and 
spotted with rust colour, at the base having a large, lobed 
tubercle, semicylindrical, yellow, downy, with two blunt, 
projecting wings, one on each side the stigma. Anther 
hemispherical, yellow. Pollen-masses obovate, with a short 
stalk and an oblong gland at its base. 

Fig. 1. Column and Base of the Lip. 2. Pollen-masses. 3. Anther- 
case : — magnified. 

I urlis i,/<, 

( 3956 ) 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — LEGUMiNoSiE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx campanulatus, bilabiatus, labio superiore biden- 
tato inferiore tripartite Corollce vexillum unguiculatum, 
late orbiculatuitij emarginatum, reflexum, basi biappendi- 
culatum, alis longius. Ala oblongae, carinae ultra medium 
adhaerentes. Carina incurva, obtusa, alis brevior v. subae- 
quilonga. Stamina distincte diadelpha, Jilamenta vexillari 
basi recto inarticulate Anthera uniformes. Vagina disci 
nulla. Ovarium pluri-ovulatum. Stylus brevis, adscen- 
densj superne in stigma subcapitatum, sspius diktat urn, v. 
breviter appendiculatum desinens. Legumen oblongo-line- 
are^ compressum, coriaceum, sutura seminifera incrassata, 
intus isthmis cellulosis multiloculare. Semina strophiolata. 
— Frutices volubiles. Folia pinnatim trifoliata, foliolis sti- 
pellatis. Pedunculi axiUares, apice umbellatim multiflori. 
Bracteae et stipulae parvee, rarius foliaceod, calyces smpius 
pilisfuscis villosi. Corolla coccinea. Benth. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Zichya * glabrata ; foliolis tribus cuneatis mucronatis gla- 
bris, petiolis caulibusque pilosis, stipulis late ovatis 
acutis, bracteis deciduis, pedunculis foliorum longitu- 
dine subsexfloris. Lindl. 

Zichya glabrata. Bent, in Legum. Gen. p. 59. 

Kennedya glabrata. Lindl. Bot. Reg. t. 1838. 


* So named in honor of the " Countess Molly Zichy-Ferraris, non- 
Princess Metternich," by Baron Hugel. 

The old Genus Kennedya is, now, by Mr. Bentham pro- 
perly divided into several Genera, and one of these is the 
Zichya of Baron Hugel, to which belong besides the Z. 
Molly, Hugel, on which the Genus itself was founded; the 
old Kennedya coccinea, Vent. (Bot. Mag. tab. 2664); K. 
inophylla, Lindl. ; K. dilatata, All. Cunn. ; Z. tricolor, 
Lindl. ; and the subject of our present plate. They form a 
very natural group, and are all natives of New Holland, the 
present of the West coast. The seeds have been sent from 
the Swan River Settlement, to the Glasgow Botanic Gar- 
den, where the plant produced its lively red blossoms in the 
early part of summer. It succeeds well in a common green- 
house ; but the stems require support. 

Descr. Stems slender, much branched, procumbent, as 
it appears, rather than a climber, hairy as well as the peti- 
oles. Leaves trifoliolate, the leaflets obovato-cuneate, re- 
tuse, with a mucro, glabrous. Petioles an inch, or an inch 
and a half long, having at the base two rather large, cor- 
date acuminate, foliaceous stipules; there are also minute 
stipules at the base of the leaflets. Peduncles hairy, axil- 
lary, about as long as the leaf, including the petiole, bear- 
ing a somewhat capitate raceme of from four to six or eight 
bright scarlet Jlowers : the vexillum alone having in the 
centre near the claw, a wedge-shaped, pale yellow green 
spot with a deep red margin around it. Calyx tubular, 
nearly equally five-toothed. Ovary gradually tapering; 
into the subulate style. J F ' ° 

Fig. 1. Calyx and Pistil. 2. Vexillum -.—magnified. 

■ r\ % 

( 3957 ) 



Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchidejs. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala explanata, lanceolata, aequalia. Petala majora, 
paulo difformia, carnosa, explanata. Labellum posticum, 
3-partitum, lamellatum, circa columnam convolutum. 
Columna aptera, carnosa, antice caiialiculata. Anthera — ? 
Pollinia 8, caudiculis quatuor elasticis. — Herbae epiphytes, 
rhizomate pseudobulbifero. Folia carnosa. Scapi termi- 
nates, pauci vel multiflori. Flores speciosi, odorati. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

LuELiA albida; pseudo -bulbis ovalibus diphyllis, foliis 
linearibus acutis spica multiflora quadruplo breviori- 
bus, sepalis oblongo-lanceolatis acutis v. subacumi- 
natis petalibus latioribus acutis, omnibus apicibus 
reflexis fortiter mucronulatis, labelli alte trilobi tricos- 
tati lobis lateralibus erectis rotundatis intermedio duplo 
majore subrotundo obscure apiculato reflexo. Lindl. 

Ljelia albida. Batem. in Bot. Reg. 1839. Misc. n. 4. 
Lindl. Bot. Reg. 1839. 

Dr. Lindley speaks of this as the only LaxiA yet dis- 
covered with white flowers. It is a native of Mexico, and, 
according to the authority just mentioned, it has been 
sent to Europe from Oaxaca by Count Karwinsri ; and 
Mr. Harris purchased it of a French Collector who visited 
this country some years ago. Our plant blossomed in the 
Orchideous House of the Royal Gardens at Kew, in 
January 1842. It is a graceful but not a showy species, 
and has the merit ot being delightfully fragrant. 


Descr. Pseudo-bulbs clustered, several growing- together 
about the size of pigeons' eggs, and not unlike them in 
shape being almost exactly ovate, furrowed and somewhat 
wrinkled in age. The younger ones are narrower and 
small, and clothed with large, membranous scales, bearing; 
at their summit two linear-lanceolate, acute, somewhat 
coriaceous leaves. Peduncle or Scape from the top of the 
bulb, and twice or thrice as long as the leaves, slender, 
bearing a raceme of three to five fragrant white flowers. 
Sepals lanceolate, spreading. Petals similar to them but 
broader; all very acute, almost mucronate. Lip broad- 
oblong, three-lobed; side lobes small, erect, middle one 
arge roundish, ovate, reflexed. There are three erect 
lamellae running nearly the whole length of the lip, yellow- 
ish dotted with brown at the base. Column also dotted 
with brown at its inner base. 

Fig. 1. Column and Lip. 2. Pollen-masses -.—magnified. 


''ill' I'// X.I lllh\ 1 7,: 


( 3958 ) 

Alstrcemeria nemorosa. Woodland 

Class and Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Amaryllide/e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Germen ovulis suberectis sexcostatum (superne 12-angu- 
lare J2-costatum); perianthium sexpartitum laciniis quater 
disparibuSj petalis duobus erectis imo porrecto ; jilamenta 
ubi matura recurvata,, glandulis in disco deciduis inserts, 
laciniarnm basi vix adnata tardius distincto, petaUna basi 
acute ovali sepalina ultra-semicirculari discum signantia ; 
antherce basi affixa ; stylus recurvus; capsula oblongo- 
rotunda acute operculata sexcostata valvis crustaceis septi- 
geris dissilientibus axe ab ima parte trifariam disrupto, cos- 
tarum dimidio inseparabiliter pedunculo ad hae rente ; semi- 
na subrotunda testa tuberculata difficulter separabili, hilo 
lasvi chalaza circulari, endopleura ab albumine corneo 
inseparabili. — Plantae occidentals ; caule (quod novij erecto 
folioso vel squamato ; pedunculis \-plurifloris bracteatis; 
radice tuber osa palmata. Herbert. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Alstrcemeria nemorosa; caule subrubescente glabro,, foliis 
glabris subquinqueuncialibus I5 — l—latis, involucri 
ioliolis et pedunculorum bracteis folia simulautibus, 
pedunculis 4 — 5-uncialibus 2 — 3-floris., germine gla- 
bro, perianthio circ. 1^ unc. aureo marginem versus 
subminiato, sepalis subsemunciam latis margine su- 
perne crenato rotundato (cum acumine brevi) inferne 
undulato dense ciliato, petalis angustis acutis rubro 
obscure notatis, imo minore pallidiore, seminibus vix 
rotundis rugosis vix tuberculatis obscure badiis cha- 
laza prominente hilo breviter apiculato. W. H. 

Alstrcemeria nemorosa. Gardn. MS. Herb. Braz. n. 698. 



This showy Alstrcemeria first flowered in the winter of 
1841-2,, in the greenhouse of Messrs. Veitch and Son of 
Exeter, and a specimen was sent to the Editor. The roots 
were found in the Organ mountains of Brazil, by Messrs. 
Veitch's collector, at an elevation of about three thousand 
feet. One of the plants, having been set in the open bor- 
ber, has endured the winter, as well as A. auvea, and was 
moved in the spring ; but in consequence of having been 
planted out late, the flower-stern produced in the autumn 
was cut by frost. 

It was found to conform exactly with specimens in 
Sir VV. J. Hooker's Herbarium, gathered by Mr. Gardner 
in the Organ mountains of Brazil, and named by him 
nemorosa, having been probably found in wooded and 
shady places. It is distinguished from the A. auvea of the 
island of Chiloe, and from the Valparaiso yellower variety, 
by the appearance of the seeds, which are less round and 
tubercnlated ; by the greater breadth of the leaves, and 
shorter flower, a freckle or two on the lowest petal, and by 
the undulation and more dense ciliation of the base of the 
segments of the perianth, especially the sepals ; but it is 
certainly very closely related to it, and as Valparaiso is ten 
degrees of latitude distant from Chiloe, it is evident that 
A. auvea occupies in its varieties a wide range of country. 
The production of flowers in the winter by A. nemovosa, 
seems to mark a very different habit ; but it may have been 
merely the consequence of Mr. Veitch's treatment. W. H. 

I am indebted to the Very Rev. the Dean of Manchester 
for the above specific and valuable remarks on this fine 
Alstro^meria. To me, however, I must confess that its 
almost campanulate and nearly regular flowers, the mark- 
ings of the petals and sepals, the shape and size of the 
leaves, and the colour, indicate a species quite distinct from 
A. auvea, as they do from every other individual of the 
Genus with which I am acquainted, and a most important 
acquisition it most undoubtedly is to our gardens. 

Fig. 1. Flower, with the Sepals removed : — slightly magnified. 



J?ub, dy S. Curtis tiltzzmtr, < 

( 3959 ) 

Primula denticulata. Purple Nepal 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Primulace^. ) 

Generic Character. 

Flores subumbellati, involucrati. Calyx tubulosus, 5- 
fidus seu 5-dentatus, persistens. Corolla tubulosa, fauce 
vel nuda vel glandulosa, limbo 5-lobo. Capsula apice 10- 
dentata, polysperma. Spreng. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Primula denticulata ; foliis oblongo-spathulatis uudulatis 
reticulatim rugosis denticulatis subhirsutis glutinosis 
margine revolutis, umbella densa multiflora, corollas 
limbo piano lobis bifidis. 

Primula denticulata. Srn. Exot. Bot. v. 2. p. 109. t. 114. 
Flora Ind. ed. Wall. v. I. p. 17. Spreng. Syst. Veget. 
v. I. p. 574. 

This is another of the many interesting plants which Mr. 
Veitch has so successfully introduced and reared, and for 
which he obtained the certificate of merit from the Horti- 
cultural Society of London. The seeds were received from 
the North of India, having been among those of late so ex- 
tensively and liberally distributed by the Directors of the 
Honorable the East India Company, through the medium 
of Dr. Royle. It is a native of the mountains bordering on 
Silhet, and of Nepal, and is particularly abundant in the 
vicinity of Katmandu, and in Gossain-Than : where no 
doubt it makes the pastures glow with a purple tint, as does 
its allied species, P. farinosa, in the West of Yorkshire. 
Dr. Wallich has remarked that, in Poiret's Supplement 


to the " Encycl. Botanique," the station given for it is 
" Chillongo on the coast of Africa/' instead of Chittigong 
in Upper Nepal/' as stated by Sir James Smith, in " Exotic 
Botany," where it is first described and figured from a 
drawing made in India. Mr. Veitch has succeeded in rais- 
ing and flowering it in the greenhouse, and probably when 
it shall be more increased and planted in the open air, it 
will succeed there as well as our European Primulas. It 
has flowered in March. 

Descr. Its root is perennial, consisting of several thick, 
fleshy fibres. While young, " it bears on the top of this 
root a number of large, oval, concave, acute, closely imbri- 
cated, rose-coloured, membranous bracteas, which em- 
brace all the tender parts, and even the imperfectly-formed 
umbel. As the plant advances in age, most of these dis- 
appear." (Wallich.) Probably these are what may be 
observed at the base of our plant ; but they are leafy at the 
margins. The leaves themselves are oblong-spathulate, 
two to four inches long, waved, wrinkled with the tightly 
reticulated nerves, the margins revolute, and sharply tooth- 
ed ; petiole broad, reddish. Scape solitary from the centre 
of the leaves, scarcely a span high, bearing a dense, almost 
globose umbel of purplish-lilac flowers. Pedicels short. 
Calyx cylindrical, deeply cut into five lanceolate, erect, 
brownish-green segments. Corolla salver -shaped ; tube 
and mouth yellow : the limb flat; the lobes obcordate, 
deeply cleft. Anthers nearly sessile, inserted at the infla- 
tion on the top of the tube. Ovary globose: style short; 
stigma capitate. 

Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Corolla laid open ; magnified. 



( 3960 ) 

Phajus maculatus. Spotted-leaved 


Class and Order. 

Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala et petala subaequalia, patentia, libera. Labellum 
saepius cucullatum, cum basi columnar adnatum, calcara- 
tum, integrum v. trilobum, saepius supra carina turn lamel- 
losum v. cristatum. Columna erecta, cum ovario continua, 
semiteres, marginata, elongata. Anthera 8-locularis. Pol- 
linia 8, subaequalia. — Herbae terrestres (Asiaticce), caules- 
centes v. acaules, foliis latis plicatis. Scapi radicales. 
Flores speciosi. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Phajus maculatus; caulescens, foliis ovato -lanceolatis 
acuminatis maculatis, sepalis petalisque oblong-is ob- 
tusisj labelli trilobi lobis apice plicato-crenatis, late- 
ralibus rotundatis intermedio ovato obtuso multo 
minorfbus, calcare recto oblongo obtuso. 

Phajus maculatus. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. Herb. Ind. n. 
3748. Lodd. Bot. Cab. t. 1803. Lindl. Gen. et Sp. 
Orchid, p. 127. 

Bletia flava. Wall, in Bibl. Anglo-Ind. Ic. 1147. (fidi 

Bletia Woodfordii. Hook. Bot. Mag. t. 2719. 

(/3) minor; foliis totus viridibus. 

At tab. 2719 of this work may be seen a representation 
of this plant, from a drawing communicated by Mr. Aiton., 
but which gives so imperfect an idea of the beauty of this 
species, that I am sure our readers will not regret the 
appearance of the present figure. I was further led into 


the error of considering it a native of Trinidad, and com- 
municated by Sir Ralph Woodford to the Royal Gardens 
of Kew. It is, like all its congeners, of Indian origin, and 
our present drawing was made from one of the many fine 
plants sent to Kew by Dr. Wallich, and which flowers more 
or less copiously all winter through. It would be included 
in Bletia of Brown and other authors; but it differs from 
the true Bletia in having a spur to the lip, and that lip 
connate with the base of the column, not. articulated upon it. 
Like some other yellow-flowered plants, (the Primulace^e 
for example) the bractea and flowers become of a deep 
verdigris green in decay. Another circumstance worthy 
of remark is, if the flowers, or indeed any part of the 
plant, be chewed in the mouth, no taste whatever is per- 
ceived, nor any effect observed, till after the lapse of several 
minutes ; when a very sensible and pungent heat is pro- 
duced upon the tongue and lips, similar to that experienced 
after chewing the acrid leaves of some of the Aroideje. 

Descr. Pseudo-bulbs ovato-rotundate, as large as one's 
fist, clustered ; and bearing leafy stems, clothed with the 
sheathing bases of the leaves. Leaves three to four, 
broadly-lanceolate, membranaceous, striated and plicated, 
dark, glossy green, with numerous scattered whitish spots, 
paler "beneath. Scape radical, two or more feet high, 
terete, glabrous, jointed, and bearing at the joints sheath- 
ing scales. Flowers hi a large terminal raceme, of a pale 
but rather bright yellow, destitute of scent. Bracteas 
membranous, as long as the germen, withering and becom- 
ing black-green, while the flowers are still in perfection. 
Sepals and petals erccto-patent, obtuse, slightly concave; 
the former tipped with green. Lip erect, the apex 
recurved ; the whole is rather longer than the perianth, 
very broad, but carinated, the sides turned up and involute, 
so as to include the column, three-lobed, the base running 
down into an obtuse spur nearly half the length of the 
germen ; the lobes orange, and giving the appearance of a 
crest from the waved and crenated margins. Column white, 
incurved, grooved in front, and hairy. Anther hemispher- 
ical. Pollen-masses eight. 

Fig. 1. Flower, from which the Sepals and Petals are removed. 2. Column 
and Spur. 3. Inside view of the Anther-case. 4. Pollen-masses: — all more 
or less magnified. 


:■!/ S.Cl 

( 3961 ) 

Habranthus pratensis; var. quadriflora. 
Meadow Habranthus; four-flowered var. 

afc ?>V. ■SI'. .S^. A'. ■-*'. ■St'. .SI'. A A ."fr. A .'l 1 '. alt .'V. j^. A A A ■lSI'. .SU 
V vf.* vfv" ■/'J? vjs" 7fr "/js* vf.* "/JS* vf." vf." •/£." vjs - vfr rPf." t|s' "4-" -vfr yp ffi vjr 

C/ass «wrf Order. 
Hexandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Amaryllide^:. ) 

Generic Character. 

Germen medio constrictum; tubus aequalis. Filamenta 
declinata, fasciculata, recurvata, quaterna longitudine. 
Stylus declinatus, recurvatus. Semina cumulata, compla- 
nata, nigra. — Flos sub sole patentior. Herb. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Habranthus pratensis; foliis linearibus dorso rotundatis, 
scapo bipedali vel ultra 2 — 4-floro, perianthiococcineo 
infra luteo, tubo brevissimo, limbo biunciali subcam- 
panulato inaequali, dentibus sex epigynis plus minus 

Var. 1. trifiora, foliis glaucis. Placea pratensis. Poeppig, 
Fragm.Syn. p. 5 

Var. 2. quadriflora, foliis vix glaucis. 

Habranthus pratensis. Herb. Amer. p. 159. W. H. 

This bright-coloured flower seems evidently referable to 
Habranthus pratensis. It differs from the description of 
Dr Poeppig only in having the leaf not decidedly glaucous, 
the flowers four instead of three, and teeth irregularly ser- 
rate which he describes as serrate. It is the only Habranthus 
we have seen with decidedly dentate processes. Those pro- 
cesses must have led Dr. Poeppig to call it Placea, a Genus 
then only known by Miers' name without any published 
definition, except a notice by Dr. Lindley that it was fur- 
nished with remarkable processes. Placea ornata has been 

since figured and described (Bot. Reg. 1740, p. 50), and the 
Genus differs from Habranthus, amongst other things, in 
the form of the anthers, tube less expanded, perianth wide, 
the divarication of the two lowest segments., and the remark- 
able crown composed of six keeled, emarginate processes 
narrowed towards the base. Dr. Poeppig's plant flowers in 
the meadows of Antuco, in South Chili, in November. 
W. H. 

Sent by Mr. Veitch, of Exeter ; also by Bridges to Mr. 
Bevan, from Valdivia. Flowered in May 1842, in the 
open air. 

Fig. 1. Flower with the Perianth removed, showing the epigynous Teeth 
or Scales. 2. 3. 4. Scales removed from the Flower : — magnified. 

( 3962 ; 



Class and Order. 

Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide*:.) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium patens, aequale. Sepala lateralia libera; su- 
premum cum petalis basi coiniatum. Labellum oblongum, 
concavum, ecalcaratum, obsolete 4-lobum, cum columna 
semi-connatum. Columna labello parallela, semiteres, mar- 
o-inata. Anther a. —Pollinia % pyriformia, postice sulcata, 
caudicula plana cuneata, glandula parva.— Herbae epiphytce 
caulescentes, pseudo-bulbosce. Folia subconacea. Spicae 
radicales, breves. P 1 ores mediocri. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Aspasia epidendroides ; pseudo-bulbis oblongis ancipitibus, 
sepalislineari-oblongis acutis, petalis obtusis concavis, 
labelli lobis lateralibus rotundatis integernrnis, inter- 
medio crenulato emarginato Lindl. 

Aspasia epidendroides. Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orchid, p. 139 

533. the a-. tf^i^SffRT-M 

D.llwvn Llewellyn, Esq. About the same time it blos- 
somed in the Orchideous-house of the Royal Botanic Gar- 
dens of Kew, and, since, much more luxuriantly at Mrs 
\\Ws of Oakfied, Cheltenham. It is an inhabitant of 
Manama anrcolumbia, and has frequently been sent by 
Mr. Skinner from Guatemala. Descr. 

Descr. Pseudo-bulbs broadly oblong-oval, compressed, 
ancipitate, lengthened out at the base, and there sheathed 
with leafy scales. From the summit of the pseudo-bulbs 
spring two broadly lanceolate, subcoriaceous leaves. 
Scape from the base of the pseudo-bulb, and, in our speci- 
mens at least, shorter than the leaves, scaly, bearing a 
spike of several flowers. Sepals oblong, greenish, banded 
with brown, spreading, the two lower ones reflexed ; the 
upper one broader upwards, springing from the back of the 
column. Petals spathulate, greenish-brown. Lip, with 
its lower portion, or claw, united to the column ; the la- 
mina spreading, large, broadly oval, three-lobed, crenate, 
white, the centre dashed with dark purple, and marked 
with five elevated rays: lateral lobes rounded, smaller than 
the terminal one which is also rounded. Column white, 
stained with purple. Anther terminal, hemispherical. 
Pollen-masses pyriform, curved. 

Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Anther-case. 3. Pollen-masses : — magnified. 


( 3963 ) 


A*- A'- A', A / - A', A/. .-I'! A/, A'. A'. A't A'. .4'. As. A'. A/. A / . A'. .S^i A'- A** 
*/K vf." */£.' '/JS" '/IS' ffT vfv* vf.' vf." vfr vj." vf: Vf. '/IS TJP Vf." Vf. VJ» Vf.* Vfv* "if? 

C/ass fl«rf Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — CactejE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala numerosa imbricata, basi ovario adnata, in tubum 
brevissimum concreta, exteriora involucriformia, intima 
petal i form ia. Stamina numerosa, calyci affixa, inaequalia, 
intima brevissima, filiformia, antheris oblongis. Stylus 
cylindricus, subfistulosus, apice multifidus. Bacca sepalo- 
rum reliquiis subsquainata, rarissime laevis. Cotyledones 
parvulae. — Frutices simplicissimi carnosi ovati aut globosi, 
melocactoidei aut mammillariaformes, aphylli, costati aut 
tuberculati, costis tuberculis confiuentibus quasi for matis, 
dorso aculeorum fasciculos gerentibus. Cephalium seu spa- 
dix nullus. Flores efasculis aculeorum ad apicem costarum 
(ita quidem, ut in a.eolis noviter e vertice erumpentibus 
florum origines jam conspicui sint) orti, similes Jloribus 
Cerei sed tubo vix supra receptaculum elongato. Pfiiff. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Echinocactus tenuispinus ; depresso-globosus 12—14 cos- 
tatus subglaucus, costis obtusis sinubus acute, areolis 
albis tomentosis immersis, aculeis gracilibus 12—18 
quarum 3—4 duplo longioribus, flonbus congestis, 
petalis (flavis) apice serrulatis acutissimis. 

Echinocactus tenuispinus. Link et Otto in Verhandl. des 
Gart. Vereinsfur Pruss. tab. 19. 

Echinocactus Ottonis. fi. tenuispinus. Pfeiff. Enum. Lact. 
p. 47. 

Cultivated in the Royal Botanic Gardens of Kew; where, 
it must be confessed, that the flowers are very similar to 


those of E. Ottonis, of which Dr. Pfeiffer makes it a 
variety :— but, on the other hand, the form of the plant, 
a much depressed globe, is quite different from that of 
E.. Ottonis, as may be seen by our tab. 3117, where that 
species is represented. The spines, too, are here much 
longer, and the native country of the two is very differ- 
ent;— E. Ottonis being an inhabitant of Mexico, while E. 
tenuispinus is stated by Pfeiffer to come from South 

It flowers in July, and makes a pretty appearance with 
the copious bright lemon-coloured flowers, large in propor- 
tion to the size of the plant, and the red stigmas in the 


In which the Latin Names of the Plants contained in the Fifteenth 
Volume of the New Series (or Sixty-eighth of the Work) are 
alphabetically arranged. 

3939 Acacia diptera ; &. erioptera. 

3933 platyptera. 

3958 Alstroemeria nemorosa. 

3944 psittacina; var. 

Erembouldti (hybrid). 
3919 Aquilegia Skinneri. 
3904 Arctostaphylos nitida. 
3927 pungens. 

3962 Aspasia epidendroides. 
3949 Berberis nervosa. 
3888 Bignonia speciosa. 
3915 Boronia crenulata. 
3895 Bossisea tenuicaulis. 
3882 Callistachys linearis. 

3929 Catasetum abruptum. 

3942 globiflorum. 

3937 Wailesii. 

3910 Cattleya crispa. 

3922 Cere us carulescens. 
3903 Chorizcma spcctabile. 

3935 Colocasia odorata. 

3880 Cyrtochilum maculatum. 
3925 Digitalis lutea, £ fucata. 

3906 Echinocactus corynodes. 

3963 — — tenuispinus. 

3898 Epidendrum calocheilum. 

3885 Grahami. 

3951 Skinneri. 

3907 Franciscea latifolia. 
3948 Fuchsia integrifolia. 

3930 Gastrochilus pulcherrima. 
3886 Gesneria bulbosa. 

3940 zebrina. 

3934 Gloxinia speciosa ; var. macro- 

phylla, variegata. 
3943 speciosa ; var. Men- 


3881 Goldfussia glomerata. 
3961 Habranthus pratensis ; var. 


3936 Hibiscus Cameroni. 
3894 Hypocalyptus obcordatus. 
3905 Kreysigia multiflora. 

3941 LantanaSelloviana; ft lanceo- 


3908 Lasiopetalum macrophyllurn. 
3957 Laelia albida. 


3946 Luculia gratissima. 

3893 Marianthus canuleo-puncta- 

3945 Maxillaria cucullata. 
3924 Mimulus roseus; (hybndus) 

var. Maclainianus. 

3900 Mormodes pardina. 
3923 Myanthus deltoideus. 

3916 Nelumbium speciosum. 

3917 Ibid. 

3955 Odontoglossum grande. 

3890 Oncidium monoceras. 

3912 - — ornithorhynchum. 

3926 — pubes ; var. flaves- 

3914 Opuntia decumbens. 

3911 . — monacantha. 

3931 Oreodaphne bullata. 
3921 Otochilus fusca. 

3896 Oxalis lasiandra. 

3932 lasiopetala. 

3938 Martiana. 

3884 Pentstemon campanulatus. 
3889 Pernettia angustifolia. 
3960 Phajus maculatus. 
3928 Pharbitis Learn. 

3891 Physianthus auricomus. 
3950 Pimelea spectabilis. 

3952 Plumieria acuminata. 

3897 Pleurothallis picta. 
3920 Podotheca gnaphahoides. 
3909 Prepusa Hookenana. 
3959 Primula denticulata. 

3947 Rhododendron anthopogon. 

3953 Rondeletia odorata. 

3899 Salvia confertiHora ; var. p. 

3892 Sida (Abutilon) Bedfordiana. 

3954 Solanum Balbisii; var. bipin- 

3902 Strobilanthes sessilis. 

3918 Stuartia pentagyna. 
3883 Stylidium cdiatum. 
3913 ■ recurvum. 

3901 Tithonia ovata. 
3887 Tulipa tricolor. 
3956 Zichya glabrata. 


In which the English Names of the Plants contained in the Fifteenth 
Volume of the New Series (or Sixty-eighth of the Work) are 
alphabetically arranged. 

3933 Acacia broad-winged. 

3939 two-winged, downy var. 

3944 Alstroemeria,Mr.Erembouldt's 

hybrid, var. 

3958 woodland. 

3927 Arctostaphylos, sharp-pointed; 

or Bear-berry. 
3904 . shining ; or 

3962 Aspasia, Epidendrum-like. 

3916 Bean of India, sacred; deep 

rose-coloured var. 

3917 Ibid. 

3949 Barberry, strong-nerved. 
3888 Bignonia, showy-flowered. 
3915 Boronia, crenulated. 
3895 Bossisea, slender-stemmed. 
3882 Callistachys, red-flowered. 
3929 Catasetum, blunt-lipped. 

So 2 globe-flowered. 

3937 __ Mr. Wailes'. 

3910 Cattleya, crisp- flowered. 
3922 Cereus, bl a g 'o t umm iwwl. 
3903 Chorizema, showy. 
3919 Columbine, Mr. Skinner's. 
3959 Cowslip, purple Nepal. 
3880 Cyrtochilum, spotted. 

3906 Echinocactus, many-flowered. 

Quno ' slender- spined. 

oS Epidendrum, beautiful-lipped. 
3885 — Dr. Graham's. 

S m ■ Mn Skinner '*- 

taii J,v" wort ' triangular-lipped. 
oy'25 Fox-glove, small yellow ; pur- 
plish-flowered var. 

3907 Franciscea, broad-leaved. 
3948 Fuchsia, entire-leaved. 

3930 Gastrochilus, handsome-flow- 

qoq 8 Ga y bine ' Mr - Lear's. 

on? 6 Gesneria > bulbous-rooted. 

HIa ^ mottled-leaved. 

<^y34 Gloxinia, rough ; large varie- 
gated-leaved var. 

3943 . . rough-leaved; Mr. 

Menzies' var. 

qo?! Goldfussia > clustered. 

3961 Plabranthus, meadow; four- 
flowered var. 

S K ibiscus ' Mr * Cameron's. 
ciSJ4 Hypocalyptus, obcordate. 









Kale, Indian, fragrant. 

Kreysigia, many-flowered. 

Lantana, Mr. Sellows' ; long- 
leaved var. 

Lselia, white-flowered. 

Lasiopetalum, large-leaved. 

Luculia, fragrant. 

Marianthus, blue-spotted. 

Maxillaria, hooded. 

Monkey- flower; Mr. Maclain's 
hybrid var. of the Rose- 

Mormodes, Leopard- spotted. 

Mountain-Laurel, blistered. 

Nightshade, Balbis', bipinnate- 
leaved var. 

Odontoglossum, great. 

Oncidium, bird's beak. 

downy-columned ; 

yellow-flowered var. 


Opuntia, decumbent; or Prick- 

■ one-spined ; or 

Prickly Fig. 
Otochilus, brownish-flowered. 
Pentstemon, bell-flowered. 
Pernettia, narrow-leaved. 
Phajus, spotted-leaved. 
Physianthus, golden-haired. 
Pimelea, showy. 
Pleurothallis, painted. 
Plumieria, sharp-leaved. 
Podotheca, cudweed. 
Prepusa, scarlet and white - 

Rhododendron, bearded. 
Rondeletia, sweet-scented. 
Sage, thick-flowered. 
Sida, Duke of Bedford's. 
Strobilanthes, sessile-flowered. 
Stuartia, five-styled. 
Stylidium, ciliated-leaved. 

— recurved. 

Tithonia, ovate-leaved. 
Tulip, three-coloured. 
Wood-Sorrel, downy-sta- 

Dr. Martius'. 


3956 Zichya, smooth-leaved