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In which the most Ornamental Foreign Plants cultivated in the Open Ground, 

the Green-House, and the Stove, are accurately represented and coloured. 

To which are added, 


Their Places of Growth, Times of Flowering, and most approved 
Methods of Culture. 





LL D. F. R. A. and L. S. Vice President of the Linnean Society, and 
Director of the Royal Botanic Gardens of Kew. 


Or Vol. lxx. of the whole Work. 

Ambrosial gardens, in which art supplies 
The fervor and the force of Indian skies." 


Printed by Edward Couchman, 10, Throgmorton Street ; 



Published also by Sherwood, Gilbert & Piper, 23, Paternoster Row ; Blackwood, Edinburgh; and in Holland, 

by Mr. Gt. Eldering, Florist, at Haarlem : 

And to be had of all Booksellers in Town and Country. 











1 W. J. HOOKER. 

Decembkr 1, 1844- 

/>//•/// £ Curtis . .v>r" /.'M'-t'i 

( 4048 ) 
Luxemburg i a ciliosa. Fringe-leaved 



Class and Order. 


( Nat. Orel. — SauvagesiejE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calycis sepala 5 subinaequalia caduca. Petala 5 iiiaequa- 
lia. Antherce hypogynae subsessiles lineares tetragonae 
apice biporosae in massulam concavam secundam coalitae. 
Stylus subulatus incurvus. Ovarium trigonum. Capsula 
trivalvis, 1-locularis, oo sperma, marginibus introflexis se- 
miniferis. Semina marginata. — Frutices ramosi glaberrimi. 
Folia alterna dentata, cuspidata, nervis lateralibus parallels 
numerosis, petiolo basi bistipulato, stipulis ciliatis caducis. 
Flores terminales, racemosi, lutei. D C. 

Specific Character and Sj/noni/7ns. 

Luxemburgia* ciliosa ; foliis confertis longe petiolatis ob- 
longo-lanceolatis glanduloso-setosis apice longe setoso- 
mucronatis, stipulis deciduis, corymbis multifions, flo- 
ribus polyandris. 

Luxemburgia ciliosa. Gardn. Herb. Bras. n. 5677. et in 
Hook. Ic. PI. t. 516. 

Plectanthera ciliosa. Mart. Nov. Gen. et Sp. Bras. v. 1. 
p. 40. 

M. Auguste de St. Hilaire characterized and published 
this beautiful Genus, under the name of Luxemburgia, 


* So named in honor of the Duke of Luxemburg, under whose aus- 
pices, its author, M. A. de St. Hilaire, commenced his botanical 
researches in Brazil. 


nearly about the same time that it was taken up by Mar- 
tius and Zuccarini under that of Plectanthera. The 
four species described by St. Hilaire (L. speciosa, L. 
corymbosa, L. polyandra, and L. octandra) are all inhabit- 
ants of Brazil ; and " all grow on that chain of mountains 
which separates the virgin forests from the discovered 
countries; and what is remarkable/' continues St. Hilaire, 
" is, that this chain, which forms the boundary line between 
two such different Floras, presents a vegetation equally 
distinct from both." 

Our present species was first detected by Martius in the 
Diamond district, province of Minas Geraes ; and, subse- 
quently, in the year 1841, by Mr. Gardner, in moist, peaty 
soil, in open places, growing with species of Andromeda, on 
the Organ mountains, at an elevation of 5,000 feet above 
the level of the sea. Truly distinct as this species is from 
any other, Steudel, in the last edition of his " Nomen- 
clator," has, I know not upon what authority, united it, 
together with L. polyandra, with L. corymbosa. No one 
could do so who has ever seen the two species growing. 
It is a truly handsome plant, both in its foliage, which is of 
a lively and glossy green, and in its fine corymb of flowers, 
of a pure yellow colour. It requires a moderate stove heat, 
and flowers during the summer months, in the Royal 
Gardens of Kew, whither seeds had been sent by Mr. 

Descr. With us it, at present, forms a beautiful shrub, 
three to four feet high ; but in Brazil it attains a height of 
eight to twelve feet, and is branched. Leaves alternate, 
oblong-lanceolate, tipped with a long bristle at the point, 
glossy bright green, elegantly and closely penninerved, the 
margin gland uloso-serrate, and within the serratures strongly 
ciliated all round the margin; the glandular serratures, Mr. 
Gardner observes, take their origin from an union of the 
primary veins with one which surrounds the leaf, while the 
cilia arise from the inoculation of a smaller primary vein 
with the lateral branches of the larger ones; petioles an 
inch and more long ; stipules subulate, much ciliated, cadu- 
cous. Racemes many-flowered, terminal, subcorymbose. 
Pedicels long, slender, jointed, with a pair of subulate, cili- 
ated bracteas at the joint. Calyx of five, unequal, green, 
deciduous sepals. Corolla large, of five hypogynous, obo- 
vate, spreading petals. Stamens one-sided, of several linear 
anthers, united into a concave mass in themselves and by 
their short filaments. Ovary soon inclined, as it were, from 
the fissure of the staminal mass, trigonal-oblong. Style 
subulate. Stigma simple. 


7M fa S Curtis fflazemrcorf Essex- JVhvJ'1.1843. 

( 4049 ) 

Aerides affine. Rose-coloured Aerides; 
or Air-plant. 


'Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium patens vel clausum. Sepala lateralia, basi 
saepius obliqua, cum ungue producto columns connata. 
Labellum cum ungue columnae articulatum, saccatum vei 
calcaratum, trilobum ; lobis lateralibus nanis ; limbo cucul- 
lato, aut subulato, aut abbreviato-tumido, aut subfornical. 
Columna in ovarium recumbens, brevis, aptera. Anthera 
bilocularis. Pollinia 2, postice sulcata ; caudicula lata vel 
filiformi, glandula peltata subrotunda. — Herbae epiphytes 
caulescentes. Caules subsimplices, radicantes. Folia dis- 
ticha, coriacea, aut subcarnosa. Flores racemosi, vel spi- 
cati. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Aerides* affine; foliis canaliculars subrecurvis retusis mu- 
cronatis, racemis cylindraceis multifloris erectis foliis 
aequalibus, sepalis oblongis obtusis, petalis conformi- 
bus majoribus, labello caeteris majore ovato membra- 
naceo obsolete trilobo, ungue saccato geniculate, cal- 
care parvo cornuto laminae supposito. Lindl. 

Aerides affine. Wallich, Cat. n. 7316. Lindl. Gen. et 
Sp. Orchid, p. 239. Lindl. Sert. Orchid, t. 15. 

Aerides multiflorum. Roxb. Fl. Ind. v. 3. p. 475. 

There is a peculiar delicacy and beauty in the Orchidej: 
of the East Indies, and especially in the Genus to which 


* So called by Loureiro, from <mj>, air, because of the property these 
plants have of living and flourishing, if suspended in the air. 

the present plant belongs, which, combined with the diffi- 
culty of obtaining them, renders them peculiarly valuable 
to the cultivator, and causes them to be eagerly sought 
after. Aerides ctffine was sent to the Royal Botanic Gar- 
dens of Kew by Dr. Wallich, from the mountains of Nepal, 
near Sheopore. It had been previously found in Sylhet by 
Dr. Roxburgh. Our plant, however, graceful and elegant 
as it is, is very inferior to the native specimen represented in 
Dr. Lindley's splendid " Sertum Orchidaceum," from a 
drawing in the possession of the Honourable the Court of 
Directors of the East India Company. In another respect 
too, it differs : the racemes of flowers are there represented 
erect : with us, the flowers, and indeed the leaves too, are 
drooping. In the Orchideous stove it blooms in April. 

Descr. Epiphyte. Roots large, thick, fleshy. Leaves 
strap-shaped, distichous, channelled, obtuse, or more fre- 
quently notched at the apex. Raceme from the axil of one 
of the leaves, pendent, many-flowered. Flowers purplish 
rose colour, spotted. At the base of the flowers is a small, 
acute bractea. Sepals obovate, obtuse. Petals nearly of 
the same shape, but smaller : all of them spreading. Lip 
larger than the sepals or petals, ovate, crisped or waved, 
the sides curved down : its claw curved at an angle, and 
prolonged into an obtuse spur. Column short, bent 
backward, semiterete, looking, when surmounted by the 
acuminated anther-case, like the head and beak of a bird. 

Fig. 1. Lip and Column: — magnified. 

( 4050 ) 



Class and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Cunoniace^. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 5-partitus, persistens. Petala 5. Stamina 10. 
Discus hypogynus minimus. Styli setacei. Capsula g!o- 
bosa, biiocularis, apice dehiscens ; loculis polyspermis. 
Se??iina mmuia, lsevia. — Frutex Australasicus erectus, ramo- 
sus, sempervirens. Folia simplicia, terna, subscssilia, ob- 
longo-cordata, acuta, grosse serrata, coriacea, glabra, sub- 
tus glauca. Stipulae paleacece, per sistentes* F lores parvi, 
albi, copiosi, verticillati, pedicellati. Capsula membranacea, 
apice hians,fera Heucherae. Don. 

Specific Name and Synonyms. 

Acrophyllum* verticillatum. 

Acrophyllum venosum. Benth. 

Calycomis verticillata. Don in Ed. New Phil. Journal, v. 

9. p. 93. 
Calycomis. Br. 

My first knowledge of this plant was derived from speci- 
mens, gathered upon the Blue Mountains of New Holland 
by Mr. Allan Cunningham, who transmitted them to Eng- 
land under the name of " Weinmannia ;" a Genus to 
which it is, doubtless, nearly allied. In 1830, in the work 


* I presume thus named by Mr. Bentham, from axpj, the summit and 
<pKtoo», leaf: from the circumstance of the leaves growing at the apex of the 
branches, above the whorls of flowers. 

above quoted, under a u Monograph of the Cunoniaceae," 
Mr. Don has given to this plant the generic name of Caly- 
comis of Brown, and correctly described its generic distinc- 
tions. Calycomis is a name, mentioned by Mr. Brown in 
his Botany of Capt. Flinders' voyage as one of five Aus- 
tralian Genera of the Natural Order Cunoniaceae : but to 
us it appears that, by that term, the Genus Callicoma 
(Andrews), a plant of the same Natural Order, and from the 
same country, is intended. And this idea is strengthened by 
the fact that, Dr. Sims, in Bot. Magazine, t. 1811, quotes, 
under the Callicoma serratifolia, the Genus Calycomis of 
c Brown in Flinders' Voyage, App. p. 540." If this be 
correct, there can exist no doubt of the propriety of adopt- 
ing Mr. Bentham's more recently described Genus, Acro- 
phyllum ; and even should Mr. Brown's Calycomis be in- 
tended as distinct from Callicoma, the name is assuredly 
too near akin to the latter word to render it desirable that 
it should be adopted, especially when the two are in the 
same Order. The plant is peculiarly handsome; it was 
introduced into our gardens by Mr. Allan Cunningham, 
and with the common treatment of the greenhouse, it 
flowers in great profusion during the spring months. 

Descr. A shrub, about two feet high, with opposite 
branches, and leaves, which are ternate-verticillate, nearly 
sessile oblong-ovate, coriaceous, acuminate, very coarsely 
serrated and strongly penninerved, the young ones of a rich 
red-purple colour. Flowers small, in numerous, bracteated, 
dense whorls below the terminal leaves. Pedicels short, 
hairy, red. Calyx of five, hairy, spreading, ovate, pale red 
sepals Petals longer than the calyx, spathulate, spread- 
ing, btamens ten, hypogynous. Filaments longer than 
the petals (at first incurved). Anthers subglobose, two- 
celled, cells opening longitudinally. Germen sub-lobose, 
hairy. Styles two, subulate. Capsule two-lobed! termi- 
nated with i two spreading, persistent styles, hairy, two- 
celled each cell few-seeded. Seeds ovato-globose/attach- 
ed to the dissepiments on each side. 

J>% T^Im 2 " FIo J e J' ^ expanded. 3. Pistil. 4. Fruit: not. 
7 Cans,, J 1 t th G ' m lT fied ' Sl \ 0Wing the P ersis tent Filaments. 6. Fruit. 
7. Capsule cut through transversely. 8. Seed. All but fig. 4 magnified. 

If Fifif, dell 

M»i^h, t , ',jy//r i;/.isr,u..^./ /• 

( 4051 ) 

Impatiens tricornis. Three-horned 
Balsam; or Touch-me-not. 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Balsamine^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Antherce quinque, nempe tres biloculares, 2 ante petalutn 
superius 1-loculares. Stigmata 5 coalita. Capsula pris- 
matico-teretiuscula elongata, valvis a basi ad apicem ex- 
trorsum revolutis. Cotyledones planiusculae. PeduncuU 
axillares ramosi multiflori. Capsulce glabrae. Folia alter- 
na. DC. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Impatiens tricornis ; annua erecta, foliis alternis lanceolatis 
serratis pilosis in petiolum eglandulosum longe angus- 
tatis, racemis axillaribus pilosis foliis multo breviori- 
bus, sepalo dorsali oblongo subbilobo sinu cuspidato 
dorso in cornu producto, calcare acuminato incurvo, 
petalorum lobo altero rotundato altero elongato acuti- 
usculo, fructu longo iineari. Lindl. 

Impatiens tricornis. Lindl. Bot. Reg. 1840. t. 9. 

This, like the more striking- I. glanduligera, figured in 
our tab. 4020, was introduced to the gardens of the Horti- 
cultural Society by the Honourable the Directors of the 
East India Company, from the North of India, and comes 
to perfection equally with that in the open border, where 
indeed it seeds itself. The name of " Three-horned," Dr. 
Lindley tells us, was given to this species from the presence 
of " the spur, the horn above-mentioned, at the back of the 
upper sepal (or petal), and the apex of the same sepal, 


together forming three conical processes." These several 
horn-like processes are more apparent in the state of the 
bnd than in the fully expanded flower. 

Descr. This forms a much branched, obscurely pubes- 
cent herb, three to four feet high, with a very thick, succu- 
lent stem, rough and warted in maturity, and much 
branched, the stem and branches everywhere glabrous, 
striated or furrowed, green. Leaves four to six inches 
long, ovato-lanceblate, acuminate, much serrated, tapering 
into the footstalk, strongly nerved, the nerves sunk above, 
elevated beneath. On one side of the base of the petiole 
is a large kidney-shaped gland, which is decurrent on the 
stem ; and a smaller spherical one on the opposite side. 
Peduncle axillary, thickened at the base, bearing a short 
panicle, or irregular raceme, of sulphur-coloured, large 
flowers. Sepals two, small, spreading, membranous, obo- 
vate, mucronate, pale greenish-brown. Petals (according 
to De Candolle) four, of which the upper is broadly 
obcordate, pale sulphur-colour, with a green horn at the 
back, and a much smaller one in the sinus; two lateral 
ones large, obliquely tvvo-lobed, falcate, curved upwards, 
spotted with ferruginous dots ; lower sepal very large, 
cucullate, spotted, ending in a rather long, incurved spur. 
Fruit two inches in length, terete, angular. 

Fig. 1. Fruit ; — natural size. 

Wlhrii M. 


( 4052 ) 

Boronia Fraseri. Mr. Fraser's 
Boron i a. 

Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Rutace^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 4-fidns persistens. Petala 4 ovata persistentia. 
Stamina 8, rarius 4 sepalis opposita antherifera, 4 altera 
aborti va, filamentis ciliatis incurvis. Styli 4 erecti approx- 
lmati aut inter se coaliti. Carpella 4 bivalvia introrsum 
connata in capsulam 4-Iobam 4-Iocularia. Semina in loculo 
snbsolitaria ovata compressa. Embryo rectus in albumine 
carnoso, radicula infera (ex Gjertn.) — Frutices Nova Hol- 
landia. Folia opposita. Pedunculi axillares. Flores sa- 
pius purpurascentes. D C. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Boronia Fraseri; ramis augulatis glabris, foliis pinnatis 
foliolis quinis oblongo-lanceolatis obtusis, pedunculis 
umbellatis tri- pluri-floris calycibus petalisque incauis, 
staminibus 8 alternis majoribus, filamentis omnibus 
superne incrassatis tuberculatis, tuberculis setosis, an- 
theris mucronatis. 

Boronia anemonifolia. Paxt. Mag. o/Bot. t. 9. p. 123. 

This is the handsomest of a very handsome Genus, and 
appears to have been introduced to our gardens from New 
Holland, having been recently figured in Mr. Paxton's 
" Magazine of Botany," under the name of B. anemonifolia, 
and it is presumed intended for the plant of that name 
published by Allan Cunningham ; although, as is the 
custom with that Work, which, it must be acknowledged, 


takes away much from its usefulness, no synonym, or refer- 
ence, is given. The plant, however, is wholly at variance 
with the B. anemonifolia of A. Cunningham : nor does it 
appear to be a species taken up by any other author ; but 
is unquestionably one, of which I find fine specimens in my 
Herbarium, from the late Mr. Charles Fraser, which that 
indefatigable Botanist collected, and noted as " Boronia, 
a native of ravines on the banks of the Nepean River. Its 
height three feet. Observed in flower in September. 
Rare." — With us it grows freely in a common greenhouse, 
and is readily increased by cuttings ; and its deep rose- 
coloured flowers are produced in the spring months. 

Descr. A shrub, with numerous, opposite, angular, 
glabrous branches. Leaves opposite, pinnated ; pinnce five, 
rarely three, oblong-lanceolate, obtuse, jointed upon the 
rachis, which is itself channelled, and jointed at the setting 
on of the leaflets, not winged. Peduncles axillary, solitary, 
or two together, bearing an umbel of three to six or eight 
flowers, in some cases shorter than the leaves, hoary as well 
as the pedicels. Calyx small, of four deep, spreading, 
hoary, ovate segments. Corolla of four, ovate, spreading 
petals, of a deep rose-red colour, downy on both sides, but 
beneath more so, and hoary. Stamens eight, inserted upon 
the large eight-lobed, fleshy disk of the germen ; all ot 
them short, and each alternate one still shorter. Fila- 
ments thick, fleshy, white, club-shaped : in the upper or 
thickened part studded with tubercles in four rows, (fewer 
in the shorter filaments) and each of these tubercles has 
three or four stellated hairs at the point. Germen nearly 
hemispherical, obscurely five-angled, gradually tapering 
into a rather short style. Stigma dilated. 

Fig. 1. Upper, and 2, under side of a Petal. 3. Calyx with Stamens and 
Petals. 4. Shorter, and 5, larger Stamen. 6. Pistil and fleshy Disk :— 

J'Ui At .1' I'uiit.v ,.. 

( 4053 ) 

Petalidium barlerioides. Barleria-like 

Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Acanthacejs. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx aequalis, profunde 5-partitus, bracteolis duabus 
valvatuin inclusus. Corolla infundibuliformis, limbo sub- 
aequali quinquefido. Stamina didynama inclusa; anthera 
oblongs?, sagittatae, locellisparallelis aequalibus basi arista- 
tis. Stigma bifidum, laciniis filiformibus. Capsula basi 
brevi spatio compressa asperma, hinc in medio tetrasperma. 
Dissepimentum completum, adnatum, persistens. Semina 
retinaculis uncinatis subulatis suffulta, ovata, acuta, com- 
pressa,, immarginata.— Inflorescentia : flores pedunculati, 
axillares, solitarii vel in ramulo brevi fasciculum axillarem 
exhibentes, bracteolis magnis valvatim contiguis, Barleriam 
mentientibus. Nees. 

Specific Name and Synonyms. 

Petalidium * barlerioides. 

Petalidium barlerioides. Nees in Wall. PI. As. Rar. v. 3. 

p. 82. 
Ruellia barleriorides. Roth, Nov. PL Sp. p. 310. n. 10. 

Spreng. Syst. Veg. 2. p. 821. n. 21. Wall. Cat. n. 

23S9. a. 8. 
Ruellta bracteata. Roxb. Fl. Ind. v. 3. p. 47. 

This plant inhabits the mountain regions of India, 
according to Dr. Roxburgh. It was found at Sheikpore 


* So named, I presume, from wer^s*, on account of the very conspicu- 
ous corolla, 

and Monghyr by Dr. Hamilton ; and near Deyre by Dr. 
Wallich, to whom the Royal Botanical Gardens of Kew 
are indebted for a living plant. It requires a stove heat,, 
and with that treatment blooms readily in a pot, during the 
summer months, when its flowers render it ornamental. It 
belongs to the second tribe of Nees von Esenbecr's 
Acanthace^ which he calls Ruellieje, and constitutes a 
Genus, of which the present is the only species yet known 
to us. 

Descr. With us it forms an upright shrub, with woody 
articulated stems, the joints short. Leaves opposite, on 
short petioles, ovate, acute, serrated, nearly glabrous, 
strongly veined, dark green. Peduncles axillary, one- or 
few-flowered, in the latter case racemose, always shorter 
than the leaves, bearing immediately below the flower, and 
concealing the calyx, a pair of large, cordate, leafy and 
strongly veined, entire, bracteas. Calyx cut almost to the 
base into five linear-subulate, erect, downy segments, of 
which one is a little longer and broader than the rest. 
Corolla large, between funnel-shaped and campanulate; the 
tube enlarged upwards, white ; the limb of five spreading, 
obovate, crenulate lobes, white, within streaked with red- 
dish hairs, and in the lower faux clothed with scattered 
hairs. Stamens four, didynamous. Anthers ovate, each 
lobe with an awn at the base. Germen ovate, seated, as it 
were, on a glandular disk, and having a protuberance on 
each side. Style longer than the tube of the corolla. Stigma 
of two subulate segments. 

^ Fig. 1. Calyx and Pistil. 2. Base of the Tube of the Corolla, with the 
Stamens. 3. Germen: — magnified. 

it ^M 

( 4054 ) 

Cycnoches ventricosum; var. Egertonianum. 

Ventricose-lipped Cycnoches, or Swan-neck; 

Sir Francis Egerton's var. 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium explanatum. Sepala lateralia lanceolata, 
basi paululum sub labello connata ; supremo angustiore. 
Petala latiora, falcata, decurva. Labellum liberum, ecal- 
caratum, columna continuum, lanceolatum, integerrimum, 
ungue abrupto calloso. Columna elongata, arcuata, teres, 
apice clavata, auriculis 2 falcatis ad latera clinandrii. An- 
thera bilocularis. Pollinia 2, postice sulcata, subpedicel- 
lata ; caudiculd lineari ; glanduld grossa. — Habitus Cataseti 
(sed racemus lateralis). Lindl 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Cycnoches* ventricosum; sepalis petalisque lanceolatis re- 
flexis, labello integro ventricoso acuminato basi callo- 
so, ungue brevij columna arcuata sepalo supremo 
duplo breviore. Batem. 

Cycnoches ventricosum. Batem. Orch. o/Mex. et Guatem. 
tab. 5. 

Var. Egertonianum; sepalis petalisque ovato-lanceolatis 
reflexis, labello columna continuo obovato margine 
incurvo digitis 5 clavatis utrinque instructo, epichilio 
lineari membranaceo digitis vix longiore. Batem. 

Cycnoches Egertonianum. Batem. Orchid. o/Mex. et Gua- 



So called by Mr. Lindley, from tmm, a swan, and *wtn», a neck, from 
the resemblance of the column to the curved neck of a swan. 

Cycnoches veotricosuirij *, C. Egertonianum. Lindl. Bot. 
Reg. 1843, Suppl. 77, with a loood cut. 

The concluding plate of Mr, Bateman's splendid work 
on the OrchidacejE of Mexico and Guatimala, with its 
accompanying pages, are devoted to a most remarkable 
transformation of Cycnoches ventricosum into that kind of 
Cycnoches which had been called C. Egertonianum ; and 
a history of their transformation is there recorded. The 
same subject is taken up by Professor Lindley, in the 
November number of the Botanical Register, 1843, (Sup- 
plement,) and a beautiful wood-cut is given of a portion of 
a raceme, bearing the flowers of the two kinds, and inter- 
mediate states. There can be no doubt, therefore, of the 
propriety of considering them as varieties of one and the 
same species ; a conclusion which could not be arrived at by 
anything short of such ocular demonstration. In one re- 
spect, Mr. Bateman's figure is still more remarkable, for the 
same pseudo-bulb bears two racemes, one of them exhibiting 
perfect flowers of C. ventricosum, and the other perfect C. 
Egertonianum, as if from the effect of grafting. The 
flowers of C. ventricosum (of which a figure is prepared for 
this Magazine) are full four inches in diameter, with yellow- 
green sepals and petals, and a large, white, undivided lip : 
those of our variety will be best understood by an inspection 
of the figure. 1 may observe that, in the stove of the 
Royal Botanic Garden, where our figures were made, the 
respective varieties have hitherto continued constant, 
neither of them showing an approach to the other kind. 

Fig. 1. Front view of the Column and Lip. 2. Side view of ditto. 

J'trf (*»• Si uttu GlmmmmdXMm P-? J 



( 4055 ) 

Statice rytidophylla. Rasp-leaved, 
Shrubby Sea-Lavander. 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Pentagynia. 

( Nat. Old. — Plumbagine*:. ) 

Generic Character. 

Flares spicato-paniculati. Calyx 1-phyllus, plicatus, 
subscariosus. Petala 5, subconnata. Stamina basi peta- 
lorum inserta. Utriculus monospermus, calyce inclusus. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Statice rytidophylla ; frutescens erecta ramosa, caule com- 
presso folioso, foliis spathulatis mucronatis glaucis 
punctato-scabris, paniculis lateralibus elongatis scabris 
basi valde dilatatis, spicis patentibus plurifloris, brac- 
teis margine scariosis, calyce colorato basi hispidulo, 
limbo 5-lobo serrulato, petalis anguste cuneatis. 

A very beautiful species of Statice, and easily cultivated 
as a hardy greenhouse plant ; but of its history, I regret 
to say, I can get no satisfactory information. The Royal 
Gardens of Kew are indebted for the possession of it to 
Mr. Lowe, of Clapton ; and it exists in several gardens 
under the name of S. Dicksoniana. Mr. Mackay, of Dub- 
lin, informs me that he raised it from South African seeds, 
given him by Mr. Harvey, and that he understood it to 
have come from Port Natal. But I find nothing of the 
kind among my own specimens from that part of the 
country; and although Mr. Harvey is aware that he brought 
to Mr. Mackay seeds from the Cape of Good Hope, he had 
no reason to suppose that the collection contained any 
from so distant a region as Port Natal. Respecting its 
native country and introduction we must still remain in 

doubt : 

doubt ; but there cau be no question about the beauty of 
the species, or its merits as a standard plant for culti- 

Descr. Stem, in our plant, a foot and a half high, 
erect, singularly compressed, bare of leaves below, above 
branched and leafy. Leaves four to five inches long, spa- 
thulate, mucronate, often recurved, very much dilated, and 
amplexicaul at the base, (there streaked with red) glaucous, 
and on both sides rough with minute, elevated dots. Pan- 
icles large, (for the size of the plant,) lateral, on long 
peduncles, which are much branched upwards, the terminal, 
or spike-bearing branches, forming corymbs, and patent ; 
peduncles and branches rough : bracteas amplexicaul, 
those of the pedicels very obtuse, with a broad, coloured, 
membranous margin. Calyx with a few hairs at the base 
of the tube; the limb large, spreading, five-lobed, five- 
nerved, serrated, rose-coloured. Petals narrow, acuminate, 
deep rose. Stamens and styles much exserted, and about 
equal in length. 

Fig. 1. Flower and bracteated Pedicel. 2. Calyx : — magnified. 



( 4056 ) 

Caltha sagittata. Arrow-leaved 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Ranunculace^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx coloratus quinque-sepalus, sepalis suborbiculatia 
petaloideis. Petalao. Stamina oo. Ovaria 5 — 10. Capsules 
5 — 10 (vel oo) compressae paten tes 1-loculares oo-spermaj. 
— Ylerhsd perennes glaberrimas. DC. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Caltha sagittata ; caule repente radicante, foliis basi late 
vaginantibus longe petiolatis ovato-sagittatis subacutis 
margine sinuato-dentatis auriculis sursutn inttexis, se- 
palis 8 — 10, staminibus pistillisque numerosis. J. D. 
Hooker. 1 

Caltha sagittata. Cav. Ic. 5. n. 456. t. 414. Gaud, in 
Freycinet's Voyage Botan. p. 136. D'Urville FL des 
Isles Malouines in Mem. Soc. Linn. Paris, v. 4. p. 615. 
— C. multicapsularis. Sol. MSS. in Bibl. Banks. Forsl. 
Trans. Linn. Soc. v. 8. p. 324. 

First discovered by Sir J. Banks and Dr. Solander in 
Success Bay, Terra del Fuego, in 1769 ; again found at 
Port Egmont, W. Falkland Island, by Ludoyic Nee, who 
accompanied the Spanish Navigator, Malaspinas, in his 
voyage to South America ; and more lately gathered in the 
Falklands by Gaudichaud, after the wreck of Capt. Frey- 
cinet's ship, ec L'Uranie," and by Capt. DTJrville in the 
voyage of La Coquille. The specimens from which the 
present figure was made, were collected in Hermit's Isle, 
° Cape 

Cape Horn, where it first attracted the attention of Capt. 
Ross, the Commander of the Antarctic Expedition, and was 
afterwards gathered abundantly both there and in the E. 
Falkland Island by the other officers. The roots from the 
former locality were sent home by the Botanist of the Ex- 
pedition from the Falkland Islands, where they had been 
flowering in November, 1842 ; and they again bloomed 
in the Royal Botanic Gardens of Kew in the months of 
August and September. It is rather as a Botanical curio- 
sity, than as an ornamental plant, that this species is here 
introduced. It is cultivated in moist bog-earth. 

Descr. Roots stout, creeping, branched, densely clothed 
with the very broad, membranous, sheathing bases of the 
petioles. The leaves are very variable in size, (as is the 
whole plant) including the petioles, from one or two inches 
to a foot and a half high, according to the moisture or dry- 
ness of the locality it inhabits, dark green and shining, 
paler beneath, erect or horizontal. Scapes an inch to a foot 
long, stout, erect, smooth, and succulent. Flowers an inch 
to an inch and a half in diameter, the sepals elliptical 
ovate, pale yellowish -green, nerved. Filaments shorter 
than the sepals, fleshy, compressed. Anthers small, innate. 
Carpels numerous, slightly hairy when young. The flow- 
ers have, in warm weather, a faint honey-like smell. 
J. D. H. 

Fig. 1. Stamen. 2. Ovary : — magnified. 


Rt& by S. , 

road Esi-exl/ti r lM4J. 


( 4057 ) 

Veronica speciosa. Showy-flowered 

Class and Order. 


I '% 

( Na*t{")Ord. SCROPHULARINvE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 4-partitus, rard 3-partitus. Corolla subrotata. Tu- 
bus calyce brevior. Limbus 4-partitus, inaequalis, lobis 
mdiyisis. Stamina 2 antherifera, sterilia, nulla. Capsula 
valyis medio septiferis, v. bipartibilis.— Herbae vel frutices. 
Folia opposita, quandoque verticillata vel alterna, scepe den- 
tata velincisa. Inflorescentia varia. Calyces ebracteati. Br. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Veronica speciosa ; fruticosa glaberrima, foliis carnosis obo- 
vatis fere retusis cum mu crone calloso integerrimis 
subsessilibus, pedunculis axillaribus solitariis folio lon- 
gioribus, floribus densissime, racemoso-spicatis, pedi- 
cel lis longitudine calycis bracteis ovato-lanceolatis 
pedicello dimidio brevioribus, segmentis calycinis ova- 
to-lanceolatis inasqualibus, corolla subrotata bilabiata, 
labio superiore ovato inferiore tripartito lobo inter- 
medio minore. 

Veronica speciosa. Rich. Cunn. in Bot. Mag. sub Tab. 
3461 . Ann. of Nat. Hist. v. 1. p. 4b7. 

It is with no small pleasure I here give a figure of this 
most beautiful Veronica, takeu from a fine flowering speci- 
men at Mr. Knight's Exotic Nursery, Fulham. The spe- 
cies was first described by Mr. Allan Cunningham in the 
Botanical Magazine, K. c and he then took occasion to 
remark, " Of all the plants of New Zealand, with which 


Botanists have made us acquainted, we know of none more 
to be desired, wherewith to enrich our collections, than this 
very remarkable and beautiful Speedwell, judging both 
from the fine specimens we have received, and from the 
description given of it on its native hills by its discoverer 
(Richard Cunningham). Since the country around its 
locality, at the mouth of the Hokianga River, is now occu- 
pied by Europeans, let us hope soon to receive the seeds, 
which we may reasonably expect will succeed, as well as 
the Clianthus has done, in the open borders ; the elevated 
grounds, occupied by our Veronica, being greatly exposed 
to the prevalent tempests of its weather-beaten coast, in 
nearly the same degree of southern latitude (about 36°) in 
which we believe the Clianthus has lately been found." 
Living plants have been brought over by Mr. Edgerley from 
Hokianga, which were purchased by our respected friend, 
Mr. Knight, in whose Exotic Nursery they have produced 
their fine spikes of flowers in the month of September of the 
present year ; — and well does the plant deserve the name of 
speciosa. It is at present too rare to run the risk of ex- 
posing it to an English winter : but it thrives well in a cool 
greenhouse, and the Royal Botanic Garden of Kew is in- 
debted to Mr. Knight for the possession of this scarce 

Descr. In its native country, this shrub attains to a 
height of three to six feet ! It is much branched, the 
branches stout, the younger ones succulent, often tinged with 
purple, and glabrous as is every part of the plant. Leaves 
opposite, two to three inches long and two broad, obovate, 
fleshy, quite entire, nearly sessile. Peduncles from the 
axils of the upper leaves, solitary, bearing a spike of num- 
erous, crowded flowers, before expansion, red-purple, after- 
wards rich blue purple. Corolla two-lipped ; upper lip 
ovate, lower of three deep, ovate, segments, the interme- 
diate one the smallest. Stamens two, much protruded, and 
equal in length to the style. 

Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Calyx and Pistil :— magnified. 



/*//* ht S. t)u-tij- iTiijhwuJ JSt* ,.(/'/,,- / /I/.7 


( 4058 ) 

Stephanotis floribunda. Copious- 
flowering Stephanotis, 


Class and Order. 
Pentandria Digynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Asclepiade^;. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 5-sepalus, corolla brevior. Corolla hypocrateri- 
tormis, laciniis obliquis contortis. Corona staminea sim- 
plex, 5-phylla, laciniis simplicibus membranaceis erecti* 
mtegris. Antherce membrana superatae ; massce pollinis ge- 
mina?, erects, basi fixag. Stigma conicum acutum. Folli- 
culi (ex Dv Pet. Th.) duo, horizontales, crassi, acuminati, 
seminibuspapposis. — Frutices Madagascarienses, volubiles ; 
foliis oppositis coriaceis Icevissimis ; Horibus ternatis v. um- 
bellatis, pedunculo communi inter petiolari. Brongn. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Stephanotis * floribunda ; foliis ellipticis retusis v. brevis- 
sime acuminato-uncinatis, floribus umbellatis numero- 
sis, sepalis ovatis tubo corollas quadruplo brevioribus, 
laciniis coronae stamineae ovatis antherarum membrana 
brevioribus. Brongn. 

Stephanotis floribunda. Brongn. in Nouv. Ann. des Sc. 
Nat. v. 7. p. 30. 

A native of Madagascar, which Mrs. Lawrence had the 
gratification of introducing to the stoves of this country ; 
and few plants could have been more acceptable. It is a 


* I'Tifan, a crown, and ot»?, oto$, an ear ; from the five ear- like appen- 
dages to the starainal crown. 

graceful climber; and when trained upon a wire globe trel- 
lice, with the mass of dark green foliage and the countless 
clusters of large white or rather cream-coloured flowers, 
as we have seen it in the collection at Ealing Park., few 
plants can be more attractive. To add to the interest of 
it, the blossoms exhale the most delicious fragrance. Two 
other species, Stephanotis Thouarsii and S. acuminata, 
are also described by Brongniart ; and from them ours is 
readily distinguished by the copious-flowered umbels, and 
the greater size of the corolla. It flowers in the summer 

Descr. A climbing shrub, with opposite, elliptical, 
coriaceous, dark green, entire leaves, having a short, re- 
curved acumen, and petioles about half an inch long. 
Umbels pedunculate from the axil of a leaf, many -flowered, 
pedicel an inch in length. Calyx small, five-lobed, spread- 
ing. Corolla an inch and more long, white or cream-colour- 
ed, hypocrateriform ; tube swelling at the base, limb spread- 
ing, of five ovate, obtuse, spreading segments. Staminal 
crown of five erect, entire, membranaceous segments. An- 
thers terminated by a membrane, under which they are, as 
it were, concealed. Pollen-masses erect. 

Fig. 1. Calyx and Staminal Crown. 2. Anthers and Pollen-masses. 
3. Pollen-masses : — magnified. 

( 4059 ) 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Rutace^e, ) 

Generic Character. 

Involucrum duplex multiflorum, exterius 5-lobum, inte- 
nus 10 — 15-partitum exteriore longius. Flores sessiles iu- 
yolucello calyceve 5-paIeaceo instructi. Pet. o. Stam. 10 
mferae villosa. Annulus glandulosus ovarium chigens. 
Stylus 1. Stigma 5-dent. Carpella 5 bivalvia 1 -sperms 
transverse striata. Seminit oblongo-cylindracea, hilo late- 
ral!, fere Corre^e. — Caules fruticosi ramosi. Folia alterna 
ovalia punciato-glandulosa, ceterum foliis Corre^e albae si- 
milia. Capitula terminalia pedicellata. De Cand. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

DiploLjEna* Dampieri; foliis oblongo-obovatis obtusis supra 

scaberulis subtus stellatiin pubescenti-tornentosis, ju- 

uioribus subferrugineis. 
Diplol^na Dampieri. Desf. Mem. Mas. S. p. 449. t. 20. 

L>e Cand. Prodr. I. p. 719. Lindl. Bot. Reg. 1841, 

t. 64. 

A singular Rutaceous plant with flowers collected into a 
capitulum like the Compositce, but which, when examined, 
exhibit a very different structure. These flowers are fully 


* So named by Mr. Brown from *ttAoos, double, and ;#"*»'*. a cloak, from 
tne double covering, or involucre, at first sight resembling a calyx and 


produced in the greenhouse in the month of May, and have 
a very pretty appearance among the rather gloomy foliage. 
It is a native of Western Australia. Dampier appears to 
have first discovered it in Hawkes' Bay, and it is said to be 
the plant figured in his voyage, v. 4. t. 3. f. 3. (French ed.) 
It was collected during the voyage of Captain Baudin, at 
at Terre d'Endracht of the French voyagers, and both 
seeds and specimens have been sent by Mr. James Drum- 
mond from the Swan River Settlement, from the former of 
which our plants were raised at the Royal Botanic Gardens 
of Kew. Mr. Allan Cunningham named a plant Di- 
ploljEna Dampieri, which he gathered at Dirk Har tog's 
Island : but this proves to be the D. grandiflora of 
Desfontaines ; the only other described species. A third 
has, however, been found in the Swan River Colony, by 
Mr. James Drummond, which may be called D. angustifolia* 
Descr. A moderate-sized shrub, copiously branched. 
The branches alternate, the younger ones clothed with 
stellated down. Leaves alternate, oblong, but broader 
upwards, entire, the younger ones rusty, the older ones 
scabrous above, beneath clothed with dense, stellated down. 
Peduncles solitary, lateral, deflexed. Head of flowers 
large, drooping : florets numerous, surrounded by a large 
double involucre. Calyx of several linear, short scales. 
Stamens long, red. Filaments very hairy below. Anthers 
yellow. Corolla none. Ovary on a large annular disk, of 
five lobes, hairy at the summit. Style longer than the 
stamens. Stigina of five small, erect, linear lobes. 

Fig. 1. Single Floret. 2. Stamen. 3. Pistil : — magnified. 

* D. angustifolia (Hook.), foliis lineari-oblongis margmibus recurvis 
supra glabris impresso-punctatis subtus incano-albis. DlPLOL^ENA, n. sp. 
Urummond's first coll. n. 14. 

This has much larger flowers than D. Dampieri ; and the leaves are 
very narrow, with revolute margins. 

li' fir./, ,/,/t 

■c i. /.<;,■, /!,,>,•■/ /:..v,-.r. lilt //!<//. 

Swan Si 

( 4060 ) 



Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord.— CactEjE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calycis tubus ovario adhaerens; lobi 5—6 colorati fruc- 
tum juniorem coronantes. Petala 5 — 25 a calyce vix dis- 
tincta, eo longiora et cum sepalis in tubum concreta. 
Stamina filiformia pluriserialia. Stylus filiformis. Stigma 
3 — 7-fidum radiatum. Bacca laevis oblonga. Semina nidu- 
lantia. Cotyledones minutae acuminata?. — Suffrutices car- 
nosi subrotundi aut cylindracei, lactescentes aut succo lim- 
pido repleti, aphylli, tuberculis subconicis mammaformibus 
spiraliter dispositis, apice spimdas radiantes et tomentum 
demum deciduum gerentibus obtecti. Flores inter basin 
mammillarum sessiles, scepius in zonam transversam dispo- 
siti. Bacca obovata, edulis, calyce marcescente, demum 
deciduo, coronata. Pfeiff. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Mammillaria tetracantha: subglobosa simplex, axillis la- 
natis, mammillis confertissimis gracilibus anguloso- 
pyramidatis, aculeis ex areola fere nuda regulariter 4 
brevibus rigidis, infimo caeteris paulo longiore, juniori- 
bus rubellis apice nigricantibus tandem albidis. Pfeiff. 

Mammillaria tetracantha. " Salm." Pfeiff. Enum. Cact. 
p. 18. 

The plant here figured has long been cultivated in the 
Cactus-house of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, under 
the above appellation: and it appears sufficiently to accord 
with that of the same name published by Pfeiffer, the only 



author, so far as I can find, who has noticed it. His 
description, indeed, seems to have been drawn up from a 
young specimen " four inches high, and three inches and 
a half in diameter, with the mammillae and acnleae small 
in proportion;" and the flowers were, probably, unknown 
to that author, since he does not mention them. It is a 
native of Mexico, but by whom introduced to Europe I do 
not learn. It flowers in July. 

Descr. Our plant is of a subglobose form, a little elon- 
gated, flattened at the top, nearly a span high, and a little 
less in diameter, everywhere externally formed of numer- 
ous mammilla of a conical or pyramidal form, but some- 
what angular, between half and three quarters of an inch 
long, and about as broad at the base, terminated with a 
depression, from which arise four spreading aculel, longer 
than the mammillae, moderately strong, between setaceous 
and subulate, at first brown tipped with a darker colour, 
then paler, at length almost white : these are about three- 
quarters of an inch in length, but the two lateral ones are 
frequently the shortest. The axillae between the mammillae 
are occupied by a dense mass of white wool, as are the 
apices of the young mammillae. Flowers numerous, small, 
from the axils of the mammillae, crowded about the de- 
pressed portion of the plant, bright full rose-colour, paler 
in the disk. 

Fig. 1. Front view, and f. 2, side view of the Spines : slightly magnified. 

a: /■)/./, ./--// 

/lit' t'v S.Cur&i <;/. 

( 4061 ) 

Clematis Montana; var. grandiflora. Moun- 
tain Virgin's-Boweii ; large-flowered var. 


Class and Order, 


( Nat. Ord. — RanunculacejE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Involucrum nullum aut calyciforme sub flore. Scpala 
4 — 8 colorata. Petala nulla aut plana. Antherce liueares 
extrorsse. Carpella 1-sperma indehisceutia stylo accreto 
caudata. Semen pendulum. — Caules scepe sarmentosi. Folia 
opposita. Radices fibroses. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Clematis montana; pedunculis unifloris, involucro nullo, 
foliis ternatis, foliolis ovato-acuminatis inciso-subtrifi- 
dis petiolulatis sepalis lato-ovalibus subovatisve. 

Clematis montana. Hamilt. MSS. Be Cand. Prodr. 1. p. 9. 
Wall. PL Rar. Asiat. 3. p. 12. t. 217. Don, Brit. FL 
Card. v. 2. p. 253. Lindl. Bot. Reg. 1840, t. 53. 

Clematis anemoniflora. Don, Prodr. Fl. Nep. p. 192. 

(/3.) grandiflora; floribus duplo majoribus. Tab. Noslr. 

This handsome variety of the very fragrant Clematis 
montana flowered, in the open ground, in the garden of Mr. 
Veitch of Exeter, at the same time with the ordinary form 
of the plant, of which the blossoms are not half so large. 
Both are well worth cultivating in gardens, where there is 
accommodation for climbers. The profusion of large flow- 
ers, the delicacy of their colour, and their fragrance, are 
strong recommendations. The species is a native of North- 
ern India. Dr. Buchanan Hamilton collected it at Chit- 
long in the valley of Nepal, flowering in April. Mr. 


Blinrworth gathered it in Kamaon, and Dr. Royle notices 
it as prevalent in the Himalayan Mountains, at an elevation 
of from 5,000 to 7,000 feet above the level of the sea. In 
our country it flowers in early summer, and indeed, through 
the month of September. In a few years it ought to 
become a very general plant, for it strikes readily from 
cuttings, and from layers. 

Descr. A large climber, with the habit of our own well- 
known Traveller's Joy, having ternate leaves, and leaf- 
lets not very dissimilar in form from that species ; but with 
a very different inflorescence, and blossoms, especially in 
our variety here given, nearly as large as those of Clematis 
Jlorida. The petioles and peduncles spring in axillary clus- 
ters or fascicles, and great numbers from one common 
point. Leaflets ovate, acuminated, more or less incised, 
generally with a lateral incision on each side, forming three 
sharp points, sometimes also coarsely serrated, occasionally 
entire. Flowers solitary on each peduncle. Sepals spread- 
ing large, cream-coloured. Stamens and pistils greenish- 

V/.v//»v i , /:'iv' .///// / /t '// 

( 4062 ) 

Tacsonia pinnatistipula. Mrs. Marry- 
att's Tacsonia; or Passion-Flower. 

Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Passiflore^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calycis tubus longus, limbus 10-lobus, faux membraua 
squamulosa instructa.— Habitus Passiflora;. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Tacsonia pinnatistipula ; foliis cordatis ultra medium trifidis 

subtus tomentosis lobis lauceolatis serratis, stipulis 

Tacsonia pinnatistipula. Juss. Ann. Mus. 6. 393. Lindl. 

Bot. Reg. t. 1536. Sweet, BriL FL Gard. t. 156. 
Passiflora pinnatistipula. Cav. Ic. 5. t. 428. Spreng. 

Syst. Veget.v.3.p.39. 
Passiflora pennipes. Smith, in Rees' Cycl. n. 48. 

This truly handsome plant is not cultivated so much as 
it deserves to be in the greenhouses and conservatories of 
this country, considering how long it has existed in our 
Collections, and how readily it may be increased by 
cuttings. It is a native of Chili, and was introduced by 
Mrs. Marryatt of Wimbledon House, about the year 1830. 
Nor do we think the trial has fairly been made in the open 
air, to ascertain whether it could not at least be made to 
flourish during the summer months, by protecting the roots 
in winter. The native climate of this Passion- Flower is not 
so warm as that of our Passiflora ccerulea. With us, in 
the Royal Botanic Gardens, it is trained to the back wall 


of a cool greenhouse, where it flowers in the summer 
months. The Banksian Medal was justly awarded to 
Mrs. Marryatt for the introduction of this charming 

Descr. A scandent plant, growing to a great length, 
and bearing many elongated branches, clothed with woolly 
down mixed with glands. Leaves cordate, deeply three- 
lobed, above nearly glabrous, strongly marked with 
sunken nerves, beneath densely covered with white, copious 
wool, as on the petioles; lobes lanceolate, acute, strongly 
and sharply serrated. Stipules small, pinnatifid, with 
subulate often glandular segments. Peduncles short, 
woolly. Involucre of three cordate, spreading, serrated, 
glandular bracteas. Calyx with a cylindrical tube, about 
equal in length with the five-lobed, spreading limb, thickly 
downy on the outside, the inside almost white ; lobes 
oblong. Petals five, oblong, rather longer and broader 
than the lobes of the calyx, rose-coloured. Ray (corona 
Jilamentosa) of several spreading, blue filaments, arising 
from a ring-like disk at the mouth of the tube of the 
calyx. Torus protruded much beyond the mouth of the 
calyx. Stamens five ; filaments thickened upwards, bearing 
large yellow anthers. Germens obovate. Styles club- 
shaped, with thickened stigmas. 

/ij h S Cutis &ez0wc*J Mtwc Jkn I LM 

( 4063 ) 

Cephaelis Ipecacuanha. Ipecacuanha. 


Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Rubiace*:. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx tubus obovatus, limbus brevissirnus 5-dentattis. 
Corolla subinfundibuliformis, lobis 5 parvis obtusiusculis. 
Anthers inclusse. Stigma bifidum, saepius exsertum. Bacca 
obovato-oblonga, calycis vestigio coronata, bilocularis, dis- 
perma. — Prutices aut Herbas, omnes (?) ex America. Folia 
ovalia acuta petiolata. Stipula? utrinque bince libera aut 
concrete et tunc aut bidentatce aut partita. Capitula fo- 
rum terminalia aut axillaria sessilia aut pedunculata, brae- 
teis 2 — 8 cruciatim oppositis involucrata. Bracteolas seu 
palea? inter flores. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Cephaelis* Ipecacuanha; caule ascendente simplici,, foliis 

obovatis acutis integerrimis brevissimis petiolatis gla- 

briusculis, capitulo terminali pedunculato solitario, in- 

volucro tetraphyllo, radice annulata. 
Cephaelis Ipecacuanha. "Rich. Hist. Ipec. p. 21. t. 2." 

H. B. K. Nov. Gen. Am. v, 3. p. 376. Mart. PL Us. 

Bres. p. 6. t. 6. Med. PL Bras. p. 4. t. 1. et t. 8. / 

I, 2, 3. 
Cephaelis emetica. Pers. Syn. 1. p. 203. 
Callicocca Ipecacuanha. Brot. in Linn. Trans, v. 6. p. 

137.*. II. 

This interesting plant has no beauty to recommend it to cultivation 
as an ornamental plant ; but its value in a medicinal point of view will, 
I am sure, render a figure of it acceptable to our Subscribers. The 
Royal Botanic Gardens of Kew are indebted to Mr. Maxot of Liege 
for a living plant, wliich flowered in the stove in January, 1843 ; and 
from it our flowering specimen was drawn : the representation of the 


* From xttpa**,, a head, so called from the capitate flowers, which are 
common to the species of this Genus. 

root is from Martiijs's excellent plate in the " Specimen" above 
quoted. The same author has, in his " Plantes Usuelles du Brazil," 
given some information as to the native country of this valuable herb. 
It is found inhabiting the moist and shady forests of various parts of 
Brazil, especially the provinces of Pernambuco, Minas Geraes, and 
Bahia ; its growth extending as far South as lat. 22° . On the islands 
of Parahyba and the banks of two rivers, called Pomba and Xipota, it is 
particularly abundant. 

To the native Brazilians, who have used it from time immemorial, 
we owe our knowledge of the valuable qualities which reside in the root 
of Ipecacuanha. Marcgraaf and Pison were among the earliest to 
introduce the drug to Europe, in the time of Louis XIV, when a French 
merchant, named Grenier, brought 130fts. of it from Spain to Paris, 
and trials were made of it in the Hotel Dieu. To Helvetius, who first 
ascertained the efficacy of Ipecacuanha for the cure of dysentery, the 
French monarch gave the liberal reward of £1,000 sterling. Many 
years, however, elapsed, ere Naturalists had any certain knowledge of 
the plant which yielded this, the mildest and safest emetic in the whole 
Materia Medica ; for though experience confirmed the praises which 
Marcgraaf had originally passed upon it, yet his description was too 
imperfect to convey much information as to its botanical affinities. In 
the year 1800, Dr. Gomez brought some flowering specimens to 
Europe, which were described and figured by Brotero in the " Trans- 
actions of the Linnsean Society" of London, and the name of Cephaelis 
Ipecacuanha finally secured to the plant by M. Richard of Paris. The 
Genus was so called by Swartz : and the specific appellation is that 
which the natives of Minas Geraes give to the drug ; though, in most 
parts of Brazil, it is called Poaya, a name by which they designate 
emetics of all kinds. The derivation of Poaya is not very clear ; that of 
Ipecacuanha comes from Ipe (bark), caa (plant), cua (scented), and nha 
(striped) : thus forming the Word " bark of a scented and striped plant. " 

It is unnecessary to say much about the properties of Ipecacuanha, 
which is commonly administered as an emetic, and if given in smaller 
quantities, produces perspiration, and soothes chronic coughs and ca- 
tarrhs. It is also valuable as a digestive tonic, and to remove dysen- 
tery ; and not being very capable of adulteration, and easily known, it 
possesses additional claims to the esteem of medical practitioners ; so 
that we must deeply regret that, through the carelessness and im- 
providence of the collectors, it should be daily becoming more scarce. 
Already the plant is entirely extirpated round Rio Janeiro and other 
large towns, where it once abounded. Though experiments have 
proved that it grows from seed and cuttings as readily as by dividing 
the roots, the half-ripened fruits are continually pulled up and thrown 
away ; while the progressive destruction of those virgin forests which it 
constantly and naturally inhabits, must limit its places of growth. The 
culture requires no other care than the shade of trees ; and we would 
press upon those who are interested in the continued supply of this 
precious remedy, the necessity for raising it extensively in Brazil. 

Three kinds of Ipecacuanha are known in commerce, the white, the 
grey, and the brown, the two latter sorts being most common ; but 
Martius assures us that they are produced from the self-same plant, 
and that a skilful apothecary, to whom he showed his specimens, de- 
tected all three growing together from one root. 

Fig. 1. Flower. 2. The same with the Corolla laid open. 3. Calyx and Pistil -.—magnified. 

W7tt,iLJj t ' 

::tiz.awvc>t£ 2. 

( 4064 ) 




Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogyma. 

( Nat. Ord. — Amaranthace^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium 5-partitum. Sla?nina 5, connata in tuhulmn 
subcylindraceum ovario longiorern, apicibus distinctis, cum 
v. absque dentibus interjectis. Antherce uniloculares. Sty- 
lus I. Stigmata 2. Utriculus monosperm us, eval vis. Br, 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Gomphrena pulckella; caule erectiusculo ramoso, foliisqoe 
Janceolatis acutis strigoso-hirtis, pedunculis elongati*. 
capituiis hemispha3rico-globosis, involucris polyphyllis, 
bracteis 2 int. simpliciter carinatis perianthio si i pern e 
calvo triplo brevioribus, tubi staminei segmentis bi- 

Gomphrena pulchella. Mart. Amaranth, in Nov. Act. Acad. 
Nat. Cur. v. \S. p. 302. Spreng. Syst. Veg. Cur. post, 
p. 104. 

Many attempts have been made to introduce into our 
collections the beautiful Gomphrena officinalis, from Brazil, 
figured by Martius, Nov. Gen. et Sp. t. 101, but I believe 
they have all failed. The next handsomest species yet 
known to us, is the one here represented, which Mr. Veitch, 
of Exeter, imported from Monte Video, where it was first 
found by Sellow. It cannot fail to remind of our own 
well-known Gomphrena globosa (Bot. Mag. t. 2815) ; 
but the heads of flowers are much larger, and of a bright- 
er, though paler, hue ; and whereas the colour of the 
common Globe-Everlasting is due to the floral bracteas, 


which are longer than the pale-green flowers, here, the 
coloured flowers are much longer than the bracteas, and 
give to the heads altogether a different character. It 
flowered in July, in Mr. Veitch's greenhouse, and we 
are indebted to him for the specimens here figured. It 
appears to be an annual; and, in all probability, seedling 
plants put out in the early summer, would flourish in 
the open ground, and prove a very great additional or- 
nament to our flower borders. 

Descr. Annual ? Stems nearly erect, one to two feet 
high, branched, clothed with appressed and somewhat silky 
hairs. Leaves opposite, lanceolate, very acute, almost 
pungently so, two or more inches long, clothed, especially 
beneath, with the same kind of hairs as the stem. Peduncles 
elongated, monocephalous ; or the head may be more cor- 
rectly considered as an aggregation of smaller, sessile heads, 
having at the base, a polyphyllous involucre, of which the 
leaves resemble those of the stem, except its being shorter 
and broader. Of partial bracteas, there are two at the 
base of each flower, ovate, carinate, acute, glabrous, and 
quite entire. Sepals five, erect, linear, rather acute, full rose- 
colour, about thrice the length of the bracteas, glabrous 
above, lower down beset with a few long, spreading, hairs. 
Staminal tube a long cylindrical membrane, equal in length 
with the sepals, six-toothed at the apex, each tooth cut 
into two subulate segments, below which, and opposite to 
them, the sessile one-celled anthers are inserted. Germen 
globose ; style very short. Stigmas two, long, subulate. 

Fig. 1. Flower, with two Bracteas. 2. Staminal Tube laid open. 3. Pistil : 

»:///,-/i da 

( 4065 ) 

Convolvulus ocellatus. Purple-eyed 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Convolvulace^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 5-partitus, nudus, v. bracteis 2 minoribus imbrica- 
tus. Corolla campanulata, 5-plicata. Stamina limbo bre- 
viora. Ovarium 2-loculare, raro 3-IocuIare ? loculis dis- 
perrnis Stylus indivisus. Stigmata 2, filiformia. Capsula 
valvata. — Herbas (raro Frutices,) volubiles v. prostrated, 
scepius lactescentes. Br. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Convolvulus ocellatus; procumbens fruticosus, ramis erec- 
tis foliisque linearibus integerrimis sericeo-albidis, pe- 
dunculis solitariis axillaribus bibracteolatis unifloris 
folio longioribus, sepalis 5 ovatis acuminatis exteriori- 
bus sericeis, corolla subhypocrateriformi, capsula bilo- 
culari tetrasperma. 

A very neat Evolvulous-like species of Bind-weed, dis- 
covered by Mr. Burke at Macalisberg, in the interior of 
Southern Africa, and raised from seeds in the greenhouse 
of the Right Honourable the Earl of Derby, at Knowsley, 
where it produced its pretty white flowers with a purple 
eye, in the month of August. I can find no Convolvulus 
anywhere described that corresponds with it. Indeed I 
should have referred it to E volvulus, but for the style and 
stigmas, which are truly those of a Convolvulus. The 
corolla is, as it were, intermediate, between those two 
Genera, between campanulate and salver-shaped ; scarcely 
to be called rotate. 


Descr. Shrubby, the lower part especially ; procum- 
bent at the base, there bearing many, nearly erect, silky 
branches, rather thickly beset with leaves, which are, the 
largest of them, scarcely an inch long, sessile, linear, rather 
acute, entire, one-nerved, clothed on both sides, but 
especially beneath, with copious, appressed, silky, white, 
hairs. Peduncles from the axils of the leaves, and longer 
than they, but scarcely twice as long, bearing a pair of 
small, subulate bracteas above the middle, and a solitary 
flower. Calyx of five ovate, acuminated sepals, of which 
the three outer are more or less silky on the back. Corolla 
scarcely an inch in diameter, with a short tube, a little 
longer than the calyx, which gradually expands into a 
spreading, five-angled limb; white with a deep red-purple 
eye. Stamens five, within the tubular part of the corolla. 
Germen globose. Style, including the bipartite stigma, 
about equal in length to the stamens. Capsule ovato- 
globose, two-celled, surrounded by the persistent calyx. 
Cells two -seeded. 

Fig. 1. Portion of the Peduncle, Calyx, and Pistil. 2. Fruit 3, Trans- 
verse section of a Capsule : — magnified. 

( 4066 ) 

Cereus extensus. Long-stemmed Cereus; 
or Torch-Thistle. 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord.— -Cactejs. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala numerosissima imbricata,, basi ovario adnata, in 
tubum elongatum concreta, exteriora breviora calyciualia, 
media Iongiora colorata, intima petaliformia. Stamina 
numerosissima cum tubo concreta. Stylus filiformis, apice 
multifidus. Bacca areolata, sepalorum reliquis squamata 
aut tuberculosa. Cotyledones acuminata?. — Frutices car- 
nosi, subglobosi vel elongati, stricti, articulati vel repentes 3 
axi ligneo interne medullifero donati, angulis verticalibus, 
spinarum fasciculos gerentibus vel inermibus regulariter 
sulcati. Anguli seu alas nunc plurimce nunc paucissimcSy 
rarius dual tantum t et tunc rami compresso-alati inermes. 
Flores ampli e spinarum fasciculis lateralibus trunci aut 
ramorum vetustiorum 3 aut crenis angulorum orti. Fructus 
oviformes, plerumque anno sequente maturescentes, edules. 
P feW 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Cereus extensus; longissime articulatus radicans viridis 3- 
angularis, angulis repandis obtusis, areolis remotis 
nudiusculis, aculeis brevissimis rectiusculis 2 — 3, setis 
paucis deciduis, flore magno, tubo cylindraceo squa- 
mato, squainis magnis coloratis sensim in sepala et 
petala transeuntibus. 

Cereus extensus. Salm Dyck in De Cand. Prodr. 3. p. 
469. « Wendland in Otto's G Z. 1836. n. 39. S. 
306." Pfeiff. Enum Cact. p 119. 

Cereus squamatus. Pfeiff (in Otto's G. Z. n. 48. S. 



This has been long cultivated in the Royal Botanic Gar- 
dens of Kew, but had never flowered there, nor was its 
native country known to any one, till, in August, 1843, 
my friend, J. Gray, Esq., of Greenock, sent me the splendid 
specimen here represented, taken from a plant he had re- 
ceived from Trinidad ; thus, at the same time, establish- 
ing its native country, and giving the opportunity of 
making so fine a blossom known to the Botanical world 
by a good figure. How needful such figures are, is but too 
apparent from the confusion of synonyms, in cases where 
we have only recourse left to descriptions. Professor De 
Candolle, who takes up this species from the Prince De 
Salm Dyck's letter, doubts if it be not a variety of his 
previous species, " C. coccineus (Salm Dyck in lilt.):" 
but the r, C. coccineus De Cand," strange to say, is never- 
theless by Pfeiffer made a var. of the setaceus (Salm 
Dyck) ; while the C. coccineus (Salm Dyck) is placed in a 
different division, and retained as a quite distinct species by 
Pfeiffer. This seems to be a very shy flowering species ; 
and if we consider the size and colour of the blossoms, one 
of the handsomest of this remarkable Genus. 

Descr. A repent, and, probably, a climbing species, 
branched, with very long joints, slender in proportion 
to their length, about three -fourths of an inch wide, 
triangular, rooting, with the angles obtuse repando-sinuate, 
the sides plane, the areola on the obtuse angles small, 
woolly, and often setose ; but the wool and setae are 
deciduous. Two to three, and, occasionally, four, very 
short and stout dark-brown aculei are implanted in the 
areolae, scarcely more than two-thirds of a line long. 
Flowers very large, handsome. Tube green, moderately 
long, cylindrical, swollen below, beset with rather distant 
scales, which are large, triangular or ovate, greenish-yellow, 
tipped, and margined with red, then gradually become 
larger upwards and longer, insensibly passing into the 
sepals, aud then again almost as insensibly become the 
oblongo-obovate, acute, rose-coloured petals. Stamens very 
numerous, the lowermost ones the longest. Anthers sul- 
phur-yellow. Style very thick, columnar, longer than the 
stamens. Stigma with about fourteen subulate, spirally- 
twisted, papillose rays. 

( 4067 ) 


' ********************* 
Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^. ) 
Generic Character. 

Sepala et petala subaequalia, herbacea, patentia. Label- 
lum majus, membranaceum, indivisum, unguiculatum, cum 
basi columns accretum. Columna nana, bicornis. Anthera 
bilocularis. Pollinia 4, per paria caudiculis duobus repli- 
catis adnata. — Herba epiphyta, rhizomate repente annulato 
pseudo-bulbifero. Folia coriacea. Flores solitarii, termi- 
nates; pedunculo vaginato. Lindl. 

Specific Name and Synonyms. 

Dinema* polybulbon. Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orchid, p. III. 
Epidendrum polybulbon. Swartz, Fl. Jnd. Occ. p. 1491. 
Hook. Exot. Fl. t. 112. 

This very pretty plant is a native of Jamaica, and, 
according to Lindley, of Mexico ; and is a solitary species 
of a Genus which Dr. Lindley separates from Epidendrum 
and places near Isochilus, from which it chiefly departs 
by its labellum being large, membranaceous, and extremely 
different in appearance from the petals, and in these last 
and the sepals being spread, not connivent. It is distin- 
guished from Epidendrum by its short two-horned column. 
Our figure was made from a specimen which bloomed in 
the Botanic Gardens of Glasgow some years ago. 


So named by Dr. Lindley, I presume, from the two thread-like horns 

of the column 

Descr. The stem is slender, creeping, about the thick- 
ness of a sparrow's quill, sending out roots from below, 
above bearing several elliptical, small, clustered pseudo- 
bulbs, partially sheathed with large scales at the base, and 
having at the summit two oblong-lanceolate, coriaceous 
leaves, blunt and emarginate at their apex. Flower soli- 
tary, peduncled from the axil of the pair of leaves. Pedun- 
cle one-third or one-fourth the length of the leaf, clothed 
with sheathing scales, tinged with red. Flower large. 
Sepals and petals spreading, alike, linear-subulate, pale 
greenish-yellow, with a red streak at the base. Lip large, 
white, cordato-triangular, with a broad unguis. Column 
short, white, tinged with red, acute, having two projecting 
teeth in front, and crowned with two long, erect, subulate 
teeth. Anther-case hemispherical, red. Pollen-masses 
four, each plano-convex, in two pairs, with two replicate 

Fig. 1. Column and Lip. 2. Back view of a Column. 3. Pollen-masses; 
— magnified. 

'■'/,/rs/iirit,;/ A'ssiu J'fj" / Wff 

( 4068 ) 


Ipom^ea ; or Bindweed. 


Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Convolvulacejs. ) | 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 5-partitus, nudus. Corolla campanulata vel infuii- 
dibuliformis, 5-plicata. Ovarium 2 — 3 locnlare, loculis 
dispermis. Stylus indivisus. Stigma capitatum, 2 — 3-Io- 
bum. Capsula 2 — 3 locularis. — Herbae volubiles quandoque 
erects. Folia indivisa vel lobata, nunc pinnatifida. Se- 
mina in quibusdam comosa. Br. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Ipom^a crassipes ; molliter pilosa, foliis oblongo-lanceo- 
latis breviter petiolatis acutis integerrimis, pedunculis 
axillaribus solitariis unifloris medium versus bibractea- 
tis folio brevioribus superne incrassatis, sepalis valde 
ina3qualibus 3 ovato-acuininatis 2 subulatis, corollas 
tubo infundibuliformi limbo patente obsolete 5-an- 

Among the many handsome plants, being collected by 
Mr. Burke in his extended journey into the interior of 
Southern Africa, may be mentioned several Convolvula- 
cem : and of these he was so fortunate as to bring seeds, 
which have been reared by Mr. Jenkins, Gardener to the 
Earl of Derby, at Knowsley. The present is one among 
them, which flowered in August, 1843 ; and being, so far as 
I can find, perfectly new, I have named it, from the pecu- 
liarity of having the peduncle thickened upwards. It inha- 
bits the elevated country about Macalisberg. 

Descr. A climbing plant, with slender stems and 
branches, clothed in every part, save the corolla, with 


short, soft hairs. Leaves alternate, lanceolate, broad and 
cordate at the base, tapering to an acute point at the 
apex, quite entire, penninerved, petiolate. Petioles short, 
scarcely half an inch long. Peduncles from the axils of 
almost every leaf, but shorter than the leaf, solitary, single- 
flowered, and sensibly thickened below the calyx, bear- 
ing a pair of rather large, ovato - acuminated, sessile, 
spreading bracteas, a little above the middle. Calyx of five 
unequal sepals, three large, triangular and acute, two 
small, subulate. Corolla purple, rather large ; the tube 
funnel-shaped, the limb spreading, plicate, obscurely five- 
angled. Stamens inserted near the base of the tube, two 
long and three short, all included. Filaments subulate, 
woolly at the base. Anthers linear-oblong. Germen ovate ; 
surrounded by an annular disk. Style longer than the short 
stamens. Stigjnas two-lobed. Capsule globose, four-valved, 

Fig. 1. Base of the Corolla laid open. 2. Capsule and withered Style : 
■ — nat. size. 3. Capsule burst. 4. Seed : — magnified. 


T?ik foj S Curtis GlaxawoedEssBc WJMff. 


( 4069 ) 

Erica Shannoniana. Lady Shannon's 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Ericaceae. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx aequalis vel imbricatus, quadripartitus vel rarius 
quadrifidus. Corolla hypogyna tubulosa, hypocraterimor- 
pha, urceolata, campanulata vel globosa, limbo brevi rarius 
maximo quadrifido, connivente, erecto, patente vel revoluto. 
Stamina 8, rarius 6 — 7, disco hypogyno gland uloso inserta. 
Filamenta libera rarissime submonadelpha. Antherce in- 
clusa vel exsertae, terminates., ad insertionem filamenti ap- 
pendicibus duabus aristatae vel cristatae,, vel omnino rnuticae, 
poro orbiculari vel oblongo vel rima longitudinali dehis- 
centes. Ovarium quadriloculare rarius 8-loculare, loculis 
2-oo ovulatis. Stylus filiforniis. Sligma obtusum, capita- 
turn., vel peltato-dilatatum, saepe breviter4-lobum. Capsula 
4- rarius 8-locularis, loculicide quadrivalvis, dissepimentis 
deinum fissis partim valvulis, partim columella? adhasrenti- 
bus. Semina placentis axilibus affixa, ovoidea vel com- 
pressa, testa adhaerente reticulata laeviuscula vel nitida 
rarius in membranam tenuem expansa. — Frutices Europai 
vel maxima parte Austro-Africani, rigiduli, ramosissimi ; 
rarius flaccidi. Folia sapissime linearia, acerosa, margin- 
ibus omnino revolutis et sub folio cohcerentibus, nojinunquam 
latiora, rarius omnino plana, verticillata vel rarius altema 
vel sparsa. Flores in pedicellis unifloris axillares, vel termi- 
nates, solitarii, verticitlati, capitati vel umbellati, plerumque 
cernui. Bracteae in pedicello scepius tres, 2 oppositis, tertia 
mfra sita rarius deficiente D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Erica Shannoniana; foliis ternis erecto-patentibus longe 
linearibus carinato-canaliculatis aristatis ciliatis, brac- 


teis parvis remotis, sepalis lanceolatis sublinearibusve 
acutis, corollae costatae tubo oblongo inflato apice in 
collum brevem laeviter attenuato, limbi laciniis ovatis. 

Erica Shannoniana. Andr. Heath, t. 239. Benth. in De 
Cand. Prodr. 7. p. 644. Spr. Syst. Veg. v. 2. p. 185. 

Erica Shannoni. Lodd. Bot. Cab. t. 168. 

Euryloma Shannoniana. G. Don, Diet. Gard. and Bot. v. 
3. p. 816. 

One of the most beautiful of the South African Heaths, 
said to have been found by Masson in mountains at Klein- 
rivier, district of Swellendam, and to have been introduced 
to our gardens in 1826. Mr. Bentham observes that hybrid 
garden forms connect this with E. jasminiflora, and E. 
Irbyana (Bot. Mag. t. 4016). It was sent to us by J. T. 
Mackay, Esq,, from his well-cultivated collection in the 
College Botanic Garden, Dublin. 

Descr. A shrub, with slender, flexuose, densely leafy 
branches. Leaves in threes, erecto-patent, linear, on a very 
short, dilated petiole, plane or slightly grooved above, be- 
neath carinate, with a sculptured line on the keel, the apex 
having a long awn, the margins ciliated. Flowers in um- 
bels ; the peduncles short, with a few leafy bracteas. Calyx 
of five linear-lanceolate, erect, appressed sepals, tipped with 
red. Corolla glutinous, white, often tinged with red, 
greenish below the limb ; tube inflated below, tapering 
into a narrow neck; limb of four ovate, spreading seg- 
ments. Stamens eight ; filaments geniculated; anthers large, 
ovato-oblong, curved, opening with long, lateral apertures, 
more than half as long as the cells. Germen oblong, con- 
tracted at the base. Style filiform, included. Stigma ca- 

Fig. 1. Leaf. 2. Stamen. 3. Pistil: — magnified. 

( 4070 ) 

Tetranema Mexicanum. Mexican 

Class and Order. 


Nat. Ord. — Scrophularin^:. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 5-partitus, sepalis angustis acutis aestivatione im- 
bricatis. Corolla distincte bilabiatae, labio superiore brevi 
piano emarginato, lobis Iatis patentibus ; inferiore longiore, 
patente, trifido. Stamina 4, basi declinata, dein ascenden- 
tia, corolla breviora. Antherarum loculi divaricati. Stylus 
simplex ; stigmate subcapitato. Capsula loculicido-bival- 
vis; valvulis integris, medio septiferis a placenta demum 
libera secedentibus. Semina numerosa angulata. Bentham. 

Specific Name and Synonyms. 

Tetranema* Mexicanum. 

Tetranema Mexicanum. Benth. in Lindl. Bot Reg-. 1843. 
t. 52. 

Pentstemon Mexican us. Hort. 

A native, it would appear, of Mexico, introduced to our 
collections from Belgium, under the name of Pentstemon, 
from which Genus Mr. Bentham has separated the above 
name and character. Dr. Lindlev speaks of it as a green- 
house plant. In the Royal Botanic Gardens, it is treated 
as an inmate of the stove, and in that situation it flowers 
from November to May, each plant throwing up several 


From m -fa, four, and »»/*», a filament; — four filaments, or stamens, as 
distinguishing the Genus from Pentstemon, where, as the name implies, 
tnere are five stamens. 

flowering stalks, gay with purple blossoms. Slight as are 
the generic distinctions between this and Pentstemon, there 
is a something in the habit and aspect of the plant which 
distinguishes it to the eye. 

Descr. Stem short ; so much so that the leaves appear 
to be radical : whereas they, in reality, arise alternately 
from a thickened stem, one or two inches high, and spread 
horizontally. They are oblong, or more frequently obo- 
vate, rather acute, slightly convex above, and there dark 
green and shining, pale below ; the veins strong, sunken 
above, prominent beneath ; the margin sinuato-crenate, 
the base tapering into a short, red, dilated petiole. Pe- 
duncles (or almost scapes) axillary, erect, longer than 
the leaves, numerous, bearing a capitate umbel of many 
drooping flowers. Pedicels short, recurved (in fruit erect). 
Calyx cut, almost to the base, into five deep lanceolate, 
erect, equal segments. Corolla purple and white mottled ; 
the tube funnel-shaped, the limb of two unequal, spreading 
lips, the upper one broad bifid, the lower in three deep, 
rounded lobes, each with a dark spot at the base. Stamens 
four, inserted near the base of the tube ; a fifth abortive one 
is only represented by a minute tooth or scale. Filaments 
curved. Anthers two-lobed. Germen ovate, seated on an 
annular disk, or ring. Style filiform. Stigma incrassated, 
two-lipped at the point. Capsule two-celled, many-seeded; 
the seeds arranged upon a large, central receptacle. 

Fig. 1. Base of the Corolla laid open. 2. Calyx and Pistil. 3. Germen 
and glandular base. 4. Germen cut through transversely. 

flowering stalks,, gay with purple blossoms. Slight as are 
the generic distinctions between this and Pentstemon, there 
is a something in the habit and aspect of the plant which 
distinguishes it to the eye. 

Descr. Stem short ; so much so that the leaves appear 
to be radical : whereas they, in reality, arise alternately 
from a thickened stem, one or two inches high, and spread 
horizontally. They are oblong, or more frequently obo- 
vate, rather acute, slightly convex above, and there dark 
green and shining, pale below ; the veins strong, sunken 
above, prominent beneath ; the margin sinuato-crenate, 
the base tapering into a short, red, dilated petiole. Pe- 
duncles (or almost scapes) axillary, erect, longer than 
the leaves, numerous, bearing a capitate umbel of many 
drooping flowers. Pedicels short, recurved (in fruit erect). 
Calyx cut, almost to the base, into five deep lanceolate, 
erect, equal segments. Corolla purple and white mottled ; 
the tube funnel-shaped, the limb of two unequal, spreading 
lips, the upper one broad bifid, the lower in three deep, 
rounded lobes, each with a dark spot at the base. Stamens 
four, inserted near the base of the tube ; a fifth abortive one 
is only represented by a minute tooth or scale. Filaments 
curved. Anthers two-lobed. Germen ovate, seated on an 
annular disk, or ring. Style filiform. Stigma incrassated, 
two-lipped at the point. Capsule two-celled, many-seeded ; 
the seeds arranged upon a large, central receptacle. 

Fig. 1. Base of the Corolla laid open. 2. Calyx and Pistil. 3. Germen 
and glandular base. 4. Germen cut through transversely. 


?xM j iim 

( 4071 ) 



Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — OrchidejE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala conniventia, lateralia basi paulo producta cum 
pede columnae connata labello supposita, supremum lineare 
convexum. Petala conformia sed paulo breviora. Label- 
lum oblongum canaliculatum cum pede paululum producto 
columnae continuum eique parallelum, margine leviter re- 
pandum. Columna marginata. Pollinia 4, teretia, in glan- 
dulam cuneatam sessilia. — Herbae epiphyte, caulescentes, 
nunc pseudo-bulbosce in axillis. Folia coriacea, angusta. 
Flores parvi, axillares, pedunculis dense vaginatis. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

scaphyglottis* violacea ; pseudo-bulbis elongatis cyliti- 
draceo-attenuatis proliferis vaginatis, foliis binis line- 
ari-lanceolatis, floribus solitariis subgeminisve, labello 
oblongo trilobo, lobis omnibus obtusis. 

Scaphyglottis violacea. Lindl. Bot. Reg. t. 1901. 

Clabodium violaceum. Lindl. Nat. Syst. Bot.f. 446. 

The Genus Scaphyglottis was established by Poeppig 
and Endlicher, and five species enumerated, which are 
natives of Peru. All are peculiar in habit. Most of 
them have straggling stems, bearing pseudo-bulbs. S. 


So named by Poeppig and Endlicher, from ZkxQos, a boat, and 
>>wtt«, a tongue, in allusion to the form of the labellum in some speciea. 

conferta, Poepp. and Endl., is described and figured as 
having no evident pseudo-bulbs, and the present is also 
described by Dr. Lindlev as having none : but to me it 
appears that the articulations of the stem and the branches 
are, in reality, narrow, almost cylindrical, pseudo-bulbs, 
which are proliferous from between their leaves. S. vio- 
lacea inhabits British Guiana, whence our plant was received 
by C. S. Parker, Esq., and communicated to the Royal 
Botanic Garden of Glasgow. It flowers generally in the 
winter season. 

Descr. Stem elongated, consisting of a series of joints, 
each of which may be considered a long, narrow, cylin- 
drical, or only slightly tapering upwards, pseudo-bulb, more 
or less clothed with sheathing, rugged scales, and bearing 
two leaves at the extremity. New pseudo-bulbs arise from 
the axil of the pair of leaves, and so the species increases 
in length. Leaves three to four inches long, spreading, 
linear-lanceolate. Flowers small, axillary, drooping, pur- 
ple, solitary, or two together ; the ovary sheathed with 
small imbricated scales. Sepals oblong, obtuse, connivent, 
the two lower ones united at their base into an obtuse sack 
or pouch; petals smaller, and paler coloured. Lip oblong, 
three-lobed, the lateral lobes and terminal one obtuse. 
Column semicylindrical, the margin winged on each side. 
Anther-case hemispherical. Pollen-masses four, oval, sessile, 
seated on a large, white gland. 

Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Labellum and Column. 3. Anther-case. 4. Pollen- 
masses : — magnified. 

lexmoA Essex March I ISff 

( 4072 ) 

Houlletia Brocklehurstiana. Mr. Brock- 
lehurst's Houlletia. 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — OrchidejE, ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium patens, sepalis subliberis; petalis paulo 
mmoribus, unguiculatis. Labellum cum basi columns 
continuum, patens; hypochilio angusto, basi excavato 
quasi bilabiato, apice utrinque in laciniam producto, lo- 
bulo nano interjecto ; metachilio nullo ; epichilio angulari 
dilatato cum hypochilio articulato. Columna erecta, arcu- 
ata, clavata, semiteres, labello paulo brevior. Anthera bi- 
locularis depressa. Pollinia 2, postice fissa, caudicula 
lineari-lanceolata in glandulam acutam elongata, nee infixa. 
■ — Herbas epipkytce, pseudo-bulbosce, America aquinoctialis, 
foliis solitariis plicatis. Scapi radicales erect i, apice race- 
mosi. Flores speciosi, luteo-fusci, bracteis parvis nee spa- 
thaceis. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Houlletia Brocklehurstiana; foliis longe petiolatis, racemo 
6-floro, sepalis oblongis petalisque apice rotundatis, 
hypochilii laciniis lineari-lanceolatis reflexis, epichilio 
ovato-triangulari subhastato angulis lateralibus acumi- 
natis. Lindl. 

Houlletia Brocklehurstiana. Lindl. Sert. Orchid. TabAl. 

Maxillaria? Brocklehurstiana. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. 1841, 
Misc. n. 27. 

According to Dr. Lindley, in the Sert urn Orchidaeeum, 
Mr. Wanklyn, of Crumpsall House, Manchester, had the 
credit of originally introducing this noble plant from the 


VOL. xvir. F 

Brazils. It was first flowered by Mr. Brocklehurst, of the 
Fence, Macclesfield, after whom it is called. The Generic 
name was given, it appears, to a nearly allied, if not 
the same, species, by M. A. Brongniart; in honour of 
M. Houllet, a French gardener, who introduced the 
original species to the Jardin des Plantes at Paris, from the 
Corcovado of Brazil. A second kind is H. vittata, Bot. Reg. 
1841, t. 69. which seems almost too near Maxillaria. 

The individual, represented here,, bloomed at the Nursery 
of Mr. Veitch, in April, 1843; but a much finer flowering 
specimen appeared in the Royal Botanic Gardens of Kew 
in November of the same year. 

Descr. Pseudo-bulb rather small for the size of the 
plant, ovate, deeply furrowed, and more or less clothed 
with large, lacerated scales ; upon the top of this bulb is, as 
it were, articulated, a large, plaited, broadly-lanceolate, 
membranaceous leaf, borne on a long, cylindrical footstalk. 
Peduncle from the base of the bulb, two feet and more 
high, including the inflorescence, which forms a spike or 
raceme of six to eight large, handsome blossoms. Petals 
and sepals nearly uniform, elliptic-ovate, fulvous, spotted all 
over without, and within, paler on the outside. Lip of a 
singular form, having a narrow, and rather saccate base, 
with two long, subulate horns, directed upwards towards 
the column, and which may be considered two lateral lobes ; 
while the intermediate, or terminal lobe, is triangular or 
trowel-shaped, acute at the apex, the two lower angles 
ending each in a soft, short spur. The color of the lip is 
variable, yellow spotted with deep purple, sometimes the 
terminal lobe is almost wholly purple. Column elongated, 
semi-terete, curved forward, yellow spotted with brown or 
purple. Anther-case hemispherical. Pollen-masses as in 

Fig. 1. Column and Lip ; nat. size. 2. Apex of the Column, with the 
Anther-case thrown back to show the position of the Pollen-masses. 3. 
Pollen-masses : — magnified. 

J^ii by S. Cams 6lasji 

( 4073 ) 



Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide*:. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium ringens. Sepala libera, aeqnalia, interme- 
dio galea to calcarato vel saccato. Petala minora, erecta, 
basi columnar adnata. Labellum liberum, filiforme aut di- 
latatma, integrum aut multifidum. Columna bipartita. An- 
tkera bilocularis, erecta vel supina, glandulisduabus distan- 
tibus nudis. Stigma truncatum vel convexum, disco obscure 
trilobum, saepe tuberculi forme, ad basin columns situm. 
Semina in pluribus speciebus, (an omnibus?) atra, Crus- 
tacea, nitida, testa adhsrente apice et basi tantum libera. — 
Herbs terrestres, Capenses, habitu vario, scapo terminali, 
unimultiflora . Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Disa grandifiora ; caule folioso subbifloro, foliis lineari- 
lanceolatis, sepalis late ovatis acutis maximis superiore 
galeato supra basin calcare breviusculo pendulo, peta- 
lis oblique obovatis parvis, labello nano lanceolato. 

Disa grandiHora. Linn. Suppl. p. 406. Sw. Act, Holm. 

1800, p. 210. Thunb. Fl. Cap. ed. 2. p. 7. Ker, in 

Journ. of Sc. v. 4. p. 205. tab. b.f. 1. LindL in Hot. 

Reg. t. 926. Sertum Orchid, t. 49. Gen. et Sp. Orch. 

p. 347. Spreng. Sj/st. Veget. v. 3. p. 697. 

Oisa uniflora. Berg. PL Cap. p. 348. t. 4.f. 1. 

Satyrium grandiflorum. Thunb. Prodr. Fl. Cap. p. 4. 

Of all described terrestrial Orchide^, this is unquestion- 
ably the most beautiful, the " well-known pride of Table 
Mountain/' where, Mr. Harvey assures us, that every 


stream is literally bordered with it in the month of March. 
Sir James Smith suggests that, the very name Disa, from 
A»?, Jupiter, to express a female divinity, was given by 
Burgius, " in allusion to the magnificence and beauty of 
the flower, exceeding most of its tribe, and to preserve an 
analogy with some others of that tribe, Arethusa, Cypripe- 
dium, Serapias," &c. Dr. Lindley represents a group of 
specimens of this plant, in the last plate of his " Sertum 
Orchidaceum," communicated by Mr. Harvey from the 
Cape, and of all the splendid flowers in that splendid book, 
these are, to our mind, the most so. The stems of those 
individual specimens were two feet and a half high, and the 
flowers five inches and a half from tip to tip of the expand- 
ed sepals. Our flowering plants were short of this size when 
they bloomed in the greenhouse of the Royal Gardens of 
Kew, in August, 1843. The tubers had recently been im- 
ported, and may probably never flower a second time : for 
it is well known that no plants are more difficult to culti- 
vate for a succession of years than terrestrial Orchide^. 
In the present instance, it would be scarcely possible to 
imitate the native soil and climate. " They grow/' says 
Sir John Herschel, cc where the temperature is, occasion- 
ally, as low as 31°, and also, occasionally, as high as 
96°. The habitat is on the margin of pools of standing 
water, the drainage of the boggy slopes of the mountain, 
where the roots are immersed. These are dry, or nearly so, 
in summer. In such localities the plant is of course fre- 
quently involved in the dense mist of the clouds, which, 
even in the hottest months, often cover its habitation for a 
week or a fortnight uninterruptedly." We have, indeed, 
much to learn respecting the cultivation of bulbs and tubers 
from the Cape of Good Hope ; and, as our figure of the 
Disa scarcely needs illustration in words, I shall occupy the 
remainder of our space in offering some observations on 
this subject, from the pen of one who is thoroughly ac- 
quainted with them, in their native mountains and plains, 
and whose philosophical mind renders his remarks doubly 
valuable. Sir Johh Herschel thus writes to me, December, 
1843, from Collingwood, Kent. rt I have tried, without 
success, the plan of exposing dormant bulbs to perfect dry- 
ness and much heat, as in their natural condition, where they 
are often heated to 100° and 120° Fahr., and the more su- 
perficial and smaller species, perhaps, even so high as 150° 
Fahr. But the secret seems to lie elsewhere, and I fancy it 
is the large allowance of strong sunshine and violent cur- 
rents of wind, which they experience in their natural state, 


which we cannot imitate, here; and which, at the Cape 
of Good Hope, often prevail tog-ether, for many months 
of the year. A dry wind, amounting almost to a storm, 
accompanied with cloudless sky and burning- sun, by day, 
and an almost equally high temperature sometimes occur- 
ring at night, (I have seen the thermometer start up thirty 
degrees between midnight and three a. in. ! the wind rising 
as the heat increased) are conditions we have no means of 
imitating. The strong sunbeam would be but ill replaced, 
in its physiological influence, by double glazing and stove 
heat ; and such artificially high temperature necessitates 
the stopping of every orifice where free air could enter. 
Under these circumstances, it is rather, to me, matter of 
wonder that any South African species should thrive, flower 
well, and bear our wet summers and hard winters, than that 
it should be found impracticable to bloom many sorts. I 
have, for instance, the Tritoma Uvaria throwing up superb 
flower-stalks now, which (as I have seen to happen two 
years) I expect will continue in progress to their full bloom, 
through frost and snow, and without any protection ! 

cc But I possess species of Babiana, of Gladiolus, and of 
Antholyza, which I grew several years at the Cape, with- 
out their ever producing flowers, and this, I confess, is, to 
me, not a little surprising. The Gladiolus to which I allude, 
once ouly^ in Africa, made (out of hundreds of specimens) 
one solitary attempt at inflorescence, but it never fairly 
expanded ; and a single specimen, also, which I grew in 
England, (out of perhaps a hundred) did the same ; but it was 
late in November, and the frost killed it, if indeed it ever 
would have come to perfection. This Gladiolus produces 
innumerable offsets ; also my two non-flowering species of 
Antholyza, or (?) Watsonia, copiously multiply by offsets; 
and I am now trying (but unsuccessfully hitherto) to bloom 
them, by destroying the offsets as soon as they appear. 
This doubles the growth of the leaves ; but as yet has no 
sign of effect on the floral reproduction. 

" On the other hand, my non-flowering Babiana produces 
no offsets whatever. 

" None of my species of Satyrium or Disa have blossom- 
ed since their first year ; but the few I have preserved begin 
to seem more naturalized, and I cherish hopes yet of seeing 
them flower." 

Fig. 1. Pollen-mass. 2. Upper side of the Column and Lip. 3. Back 
view of the same : — magnified. 



( 4074 ) 

Erica jasmin i flora. Flask-flowered 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Ericace^. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx aequalis vel imbricatus, quadripartitus vel rarius 
quadrifidus. Corolla hypogyna tubulosa, hypocrateri-mor- 
pha, urceolata, campanulata vel globosa, limbo brevi rarius 
maximo quadrifido, connivente, erecto, patente vel revo- 
luto. Sta?nina 8, rarius 6 — 1, disco hypogyno glanduloso 
inserta. Filamenta libera rarissime submonadelpha. An- 
thers inclusae vel exsertae, terminates, ad insertionem fila- 
menti appendicibus duabus aristatae vel cristatae, vel om- 
nino muticae, poro orbiculari vel oblongo vel rina longitudi- 
nali dehiscentes. Ovarium quadriloculare rarius 8-loculare, 
loculis 2-oo ovulatis. Stylus filiformis. Stigma obtusum, 
capitatuin, vel peltato-dilatatum, saepe breviter 4-lobum. 
Capsula 4- rarius 8-locularis, loculicide quadrivalvis., disse- 
pimentis demum fissis partim valvulis, partim columellas 
adhajrentibus. Semina placentis axilibus affixa, ovoidea 
vel compressa, testa adhaerente reticulata laeviuscula vel 
nitida, rarius in membranam tenuem expansa. — Frutices 
Europ&i vel maxima parte Austro-Africani, rigiduli, ramo- 
sissimi; rarius Jlaccidi. Folia scepissime linearia, acerosa, 
marginibus omnino revolutis et sub folio cohcerentibus, non- 
nunquam latiora, rarius omnino plana, verticillata, vel ra- 
rius alterna sparsa. Flores in pedicellis unifloris axillares 
vel terminates, solitarii, verticillati, capitati, vel umbellati, 
plerumque cernui. Bracteae in pedicello scepissime 3, 2 
oppositis, tertia infra sita rarius deficiente. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Eric a jasminiflor a ; t'oliis ternis appressis vel apice squar- 
rosis oblongo-linearibus obtusis carinatis glabris, brac- 


teis subremotis, sepalis lato-lanceolatis obtusiusculis, 
corollae tubo costato basi inflato apicem versus in col- 
lum longe attenuate, limbo amplo. Benth. 

Erica jasminiflora. "Andrews, Heaths, t. 26." (noil Salisb.) 
Benth. in De Cand. Prodr. 7. p. 644. 

Erica lageiueformis. Salisb. Trans. Linn. Soc. v. 6. p. 316. 

Erica Aitonia, a, jasminiflora. Klotzsch, in Linncea, v. 
10. p. 348. 

Euryloma jasminiflora. G. Don, Diet. Gard. and Bot. p. 

Erica inflata. Hortul. (non Thunb.) 

This very handsome Heath was obligingly communi- 
cated from the greenhouse of the College Botanic Garden, 
Dublin, under the name of E. inflata. The E. inflata of 
Thunberg it certainly is not ; but that name has incor- 
rectly been assigned to the E. jasminiflora of Andrews, to 
which this plant seems decidedly to belong : and were it 
not stated that Roxburgh gives it as an inhabitant of the 
Cape Colony, I should be disposed to consider it a hybrid 
between E. Irbyana or E. Shannoniana and E. Aitoniana. 
It has the inflated tube of the two former, and the large 
limb approaching to that of the latter. 

Descr. A shrub, with flexuose branches. Leaves sub- 
squarroso-patent, the upper ones nearly erect, all growing in 
threes, shortly petiolated, oblong, or ovato-linear, aristate, 
plane above, keeled, and with a sculptured line beneath, 
the margin finely ciliated. Flowers umbellate, or rather 
cymose, large, handsome, glutinous. Peduncles nearly an 
inch long, red, bracteated at the base. Sepals five, red, 
lanceolate, with a green nerve. Corolla white, tinged 
with red or blush ; the tube much inflated below, tapering 
upwards into a rather short, thick neck; the limb com- 
paratively large, of four ovate segments. Stamens eight ; 
filaments geniculated : Anthers large, curved, opening by 
two oblong slits or pores. Germen oblong, substipitate, 
contracted above the apex with five deep, longitudinal 
furrows. Style long, filiform, a little exserted. Stigma 

Fig. 1. 2. Leaves. 3. Stamen. 4. Pistil '.—magnified. 


I'ub lu S curbs tXiizmwoi'tl Essex Wed 

C 4075 ) 


Class and Order. 

Decandria Pentagynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — CaryophyllejE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx ebracteolatus, oblongus, clavatus vel turbinato- 
campanulatus, teres vel 5-dentatus. Corolla petala 5, car- 
pophori brevis vel elongati apici hypogyne inserta, ungui- 
bus linearibus, laminis bifidis, excisis vel subintegris, basi 
nudis. Stamina 10, cum petalis inserta ; Jilamcnta filifor- 
mia : Anthera biloculares, longitudinaliter dehiscentes. 
Ovarium basi quinque-rarissime tri- quadriloculare, septis 
circa medium 5, apicem columella? centralis sensim deli- 
quescentibus, superne uniloculare. Ovula plurima, colu- 
mellae centrali cum septis connatae vel superne libero funi- 
culis distinct is inserta, amphitropa, Styli 5, rarissime 3, 4, 
filiformes, intus stigmatosi. Capsula basi quinque, rarius 
triquadrilocularis, apice inter stylos simplici eorundem 
numero in dentes dehiscens. Semina plurima, minuta, re- 
niformia, granulata vel tuberculata. Embryo annularis, 
albumen farinaceum cingens ; *cotyledonibus incumbeutibus. 
— Herbae European et Asiatics amphigea, annua vel peren- 
neSj erectce; foliis oppositis, linearibus vel lanceolatis; flori- 
bus in dichotomiis ramorum alaribus vel in cymulas thyr- 
soides vel suburnbellatim confertas congestis, roseis vel pur- 
pur eis. Endl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Viscaria* aspera; calycis tubo in ferae abrupte et breviter 
attenuato angulis clavatis rugoso - crispatis, petalis 
emarginatis (basi macula intense purpurea), appendi- 
cibus brevibus ovatis, capsula minute granulata. 


* So named, I presume, by Rohlino, from the principal species, the 
Lychnis Viscaria, of previous authors. 

Lychnis aspera. Poir. Encycl. Bot. Suppl. v. 3. p. 537. 
Lychnis oculata. James Backhouse in litt. 
Lychnis Cceli-Rosa. De Cand. Prodr. 1. p. 386. 
Vise aria oculata. Lindl. Bot. Reg. 1843, tab. 53. 

Professor Lindley and Mr. Backhouse have rightly 
judged this to be a distinct species of Lychnis, or, as the 
group is now called, Viscaria, from L. Cceli-Rosa figured 
at Tab. 296 of this work. It is a native of the North 
coast of Africa, and seeds were received by Mr. James 
Backhouse of the York Nursery, which produced such beau- 
tiful flowers that attention was immediately directed to the 
plant, and it has become a great favorite in our gardens 
Native specimens are in my Herbarium from Bove, gathered 
at Algiers, and marked (n. 108) without any further note or 
comment: and I have, besides, in the Herbarium of Pro- 
fessor Gouan another native specimen, with his own MS 
remark. " Di versa forsan ab Agr. Cceli-Rosa calycibus 
magis torulosis, angulis crispis et veluti calloso-rugosis 
E Numidia." It was gathered in Barbary by Poiret. and 
though doubtful whether it should be considered a species, 
or a variety, he gave it the provisional name of aspera, 
which should be retained, although that of oculata is per- 
haps more appropriate. It will be seen that not only are 
the furrows of the calyx in this species wrinkled, as in V. 
Cceli-Rosa, but the angles themselves are remarkably so, and 
puckered transversely : the other characters mentioned by 
Dr. Lindley are equally constant, the sudden contraction 
of the calyx below the middle, the short notch on the 
petals, the fine dark eye at the base instead of the pale and 
almost white of the old species, and which gives such a 
lively appearance to our plant, the short and broad appen- 
dage (corona) to the claws and the dotted capsule. It 
blossoms in the summer and autumn months, and may be 
treated as a hardy annual : but the late flowers become 
paler and smaller in size 

Fig. 1. Stamens and Pistil. 2. PetaJ. 3. Immature Capsule :— mag- 



S" ;)^f 

■'■ : 

/ / 

( 4076 ) 

Phaseous lob Arts. Lobe-leaved Kidney- 


Class and Order. 


( Nut. Ord. — Leguminosje. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx campanulatus bilabiatus, labio superiore bidentato. 
inferiore tripartite Corolla papilionacea, carina cum sta- 
minibus diadelphis styloque spiraliter contorta vel rarius 
incurva. Ovarii stipes toro vaginulatus. Legumen com- 
pressum aut cylindricum bivalve, intus isthmis cellulosis 
subdistinctum poly sperm urn. Semina hilo ovali-oblongo. 
— Herbae aut sutFrutices saspius volubiles. Folia pinnato- 
trifoliolata, foliolis basi stipellatis. Racemi axillares. Pedi- 
celli sapius gemini, semper unijlori. D C. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Phaseolus (Euphaseolus) lobatus; caule herbaceo volubili 
tereti, foliolis hastato-trilobis intermedio longe petio- 
lulato lobis lateralibus iterum sublobatis intermedio 
elongato, pedunculis folium aequantibus multifloris, 
petalis (flavis) omnibus subcontortis, carina longissime 
acuminata apice dense spiraliter convoluta, stylo lon- 
gissimo spiraliter convolute 

The species of Phaseolus are very numerous, and at pie- 
sent extremely little known; but we trust the labors of Mr. 
Bentham in this family will soon tend to their illustration. 
That gentleman has pronounced the present to be a distinct 
species of the " Euphaseolus" group. It was raised at the 
Botanic Garden of Glasnevin, from seeds sent from Buenos 
Ayres by Mr. Tweedie, and flowered in September, 1843. 
Native specimens in my Herbarium^, also from Mr. Tweedje 


prove that it is a native of Rio Negro, in the Banda 
Oriental. It is not remarkable for beauty, but the structure 
of the carina and of the style is very peculiar, and renders 
the plant deserving of a figure in our Magazine. 

Descr. Stem twining and glabrous, as is every part of 
the plant. Leaves copious, ternate. Leaflets hastato-trilo- 
bate, the terminal one on a long footstalk, the lateral one 
almost sessile ; the lateral lobes vary much in length and 
breadth, and the side ones are often again on the outer 
margin obscurely lobed, intermediate lobe always elongated. 
Stipules and stipellee rather small, ovate, striated, mem- 
branaceous. Peduncles axillary, solitary, many- flowered. 
Flowers in dense racemes, yellow. Pedicels short. Calyx 
campanulate, as in the Genus, with a pair of ovate, soon 
deciduous, striated bracteas at the base. Vexillum and 
wings more or less twisted. Keel with an extraordinary 
long, narrow, acuminated point, beautiful, and compactly 
spirally-twisted, like the shell of a Helix or Trochus. The 
style, concealed within this, is spirally-twisted in the same 
manner, and many times larger than the germen. 

Fig. 1. Keel of the Flower. 2. Pistil : — slightly magnified. 

ffjii 1 


( 4077 ) 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — GesneriacejE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calycis tubus ovario adnatus, limbus 5-partitus lobis lan- 
ceolatis. Corolla tubuloso-infundibuliformis basi hinc saspe 
gibba, limbo piano 5-fido, lobus subaequalibus rotundis. 
Stamina 4 didynama, antheris non cohaarentibus. Rudi- 
mentum stamin. quinti corollas basi interne impositum. 
Nectarium glandulosum annulare tenue. Stylus in stigma 
vix incrassatum obliquum aut subbilobum abeuns. Cap- 
sula semibilocularis bivalvis, placentis parietalibus subses- 
silibus. — Herbae Americana erected villosce. Folia opposita 
aut terno-verticillata petiolata dentata. Pedicelli l-Jlores 
axillares. Corollas coccinece aut purpurece multo quam Glox- 
mice minores. Radices bulbillis squamosis onust&. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Achimenes pedunculata; caule erecto simplici pubescente, 
foliis parum inasqualibus petiolatis oblique cordato- 
ovatis serratis supra sparse pilosulis subtus ad venas 
pubescentibus, pedunculis in axillis supremis folio sub- 
longioribus calycibusque pubescentibus, corolla nu- 
tante basi gibba. Benth. 

Achimenes pedunculata. Benth. in. Plants Hartw. p. 78. 
n. 546. Lindl. Bot. Reg. 1842, tab. 31. 

This, again, is one of the many fine new plants introduced 
to our collections through the instrumentality of the Horti- 
cultural Society, by their Collector, Mr. Hartweg. It was 
found in shaded, woody places of Santa Maria, Guatemala, 


and is now tolerably well known in our stoves, from the 
liberality with which it has been distributed by the Society. 
The specimen, from which our figure is taken, flowered 
in the Royal Botanic Gardens of Kew, throughout the 
summer and autumn of 1843. The stems and foliage after- 
wards die down, and the scaly roots are left dry and dor- 
mant, to be re-potted in the following spring. 

Descr. Stems a foot and a half to two feet and more 
high, erect, simple, rounded, hairy, as is, more or less, every 
part of the plant, even the corolla. Leaves opposite, 
petiolate, ovate, acute, serrated, penninerved. Peduncles 
solitary, axillary, opposite, two to three-flowered, with 
often a small pair of leaves beneath the lowest flowers, and 
two or three lanceolate bracteas. Flowers large, handsome, 
drooping, more like that of some Gesneri a than of Achimenes. 
Calyx with the short ovate, glandularly-hairy tube, adnate 
with the ovary; the five ovate spreading segments free. 
Corolla nearly two inches long ; of a fine and bright red, yel- 
low beneath ; the limb in five spreading, rounded segments, 
richly spotted with dark red ; the tube gradually dilated 
upwards. Stamens as in the Genus. Style nearly as long 
as the tube. Stigma bilamellate. 

/'/,/■ tv S. Curtis Gteutnmcod gtrco. April 1.194i 

( 4078 ) 
Phajus bicolor. Two-coloured Phajus. 


Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord, — Orchide,e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala et petala subaequalia, paten tia, libera. Labcllum 
sffipius cucullatum, cum basi columns adnatum, calcara- 
tum, integrum vel trilobum, saepius supra carinatum lamel- 
losum vel cristatum. Columna erecta^ cum ovario contin- 
ua, semiteres, marginata, elongata. Anthera 8-locularis. 
Pollinia 8, subsequalia. — Herbae terrestres (Asiatics) cau- 
lescentes vel acaules, foliis latis plicatis. Scapi radicales. 
Flores speciosi. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Phajus bicolor; acaulis, foliis lato-lanceolatis acuminatis, 
sepalis petalisque (angustioribus) oblongo-lanceolatis 
acuminatis, labello cucullato ventricoso integro, limbo 
obtuso medio lamellis duabus planis, calcare subulato- 
cylindraceo arcuato ovarii longitudine. 

Phajus bicolor. Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orchid, p. 128. Ser- 
tum, Tab. 23. 

For the noble specimen here represented, I am indebted 
to Dillwyn Llewellyn, Esq., who kindly sent it in July, 
1843, from his collection at Penllegare. 

It is a native of Ceylon, and that is all that appears to be 
known of it, from the description of Dr. Lindley (above 
quoted), who states that it was discovered in Ceylon by 
Mr. Macrae, but when introduced to this country we are 
not informed. 

Descr. Root a collection of oblong, prostrate, rooting 
tubers or pseudo-bulbs, transversely jointed, with fleshy 



radicles. Leaves few, large, lanceolate, (broadly so) acumi- 
nate, plaited or striated, tapering into long, broad petioles, 
which are sheathed with large, brown, leafy scales, and 
these again are striated with nerves like the leaves. From 
the side of one of these tubers arises the large, simple 
scape, including the flowers two feet long, green, with large, 
sheathing scales at the joints. Flowers large, handsome, 
forming a spike at the upper extremity of the scape : each 
flower having a large bractea at the base, which is oblong, 
boat-shaped, acute, deciduous, leaving a large scar at the 
base of the ovary. Sepals and petals large, spreading, 
nearly two inches long, (the petals narrower), oblong-lan- 
ceolate, acuminate ; externally pale yellow-brown, within 
deep chocolate-brown, and striated. Lip large, standing 
forward : it may be called cucullate, the lower half, or claw, 
is convolute round the style, so as to conceal it ; the limb is 
large, three-lobed, the lobes rounded, undulate, the side- 
ones rose-colour ; the middle one is much the largest, re- 
curved, subrotund, nerved at the margin, yellowish-white. 
Spur large, subulato-cylindrical, curved upwards. Column 
rather short, seinicylindrical, with a large stigma. Anther- 
case hemispherical, eight-celled. Pollen-masses eight. 

Fig. 1. Column, Spur, and Ovary. 2. 3. Pollen-masses. 4. Anther- 
case : — all magnified. 


C 4079 ) 

Ilex platyphylla. Broad-leaved 
Canarian Holly. 

Class and Order. 
Tetrandria Monogvnia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Ilicine^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 4 — 5-dentatus persistens. Petala 4 — 5 hypogyna 
(ex Kunth), sepalis alterna, hunc libera, nunc basi in co- 
rollam rotatam subcoalita. Stamina 4c— 5, petalis alterna, 
hypo^yna. Ovarium sessile, 4-locuIare, stigmatibus sub- 
sessilibus 4 — 5 nunc distinctis nunc in 1 coalitis coronatum. 
Bacca 4 — 5 pyrena, nucleis oblongis apice umbilicatis 1- 
spermis. Semen inversum ; albumen carnosum. Embryo 
m apice nidulans. — Frutices sempervirentes, foliis scepius 
coriaceis, pedunculis multifloris,Jloribus hermaphroditis, ra- 
nssime abortu dioicis aut polygamis. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Ilex* platyphylla; foliis latis ovatis nervosis spinosis vel 
mermibus cuspidatis, petiolis crassis brevissimis, flori- 
bus axillaribus numerosissimis fasciculatis vel brevis- 
sime cymosis,, calyce turbinato laciniis ovatis acutis, 
petalis ovatis tenuibus basi attenuatis apice cucullatis, 
staminibus petalis subbrevioribus, filamentis angustis, 
antheris oblongis, ovario pyramidato^ stiginatibus ses- 
silibus, drupis ad apicem columellarum brevium glo- 
merato-radiantibus. Webb. 

!lex platyphylla. Webb et Berthel. Fl. Canar. p. 135. 
t. 68. 

Uex Perado. Hort. Kew. ed. 1. v. 1. p. 169, ed. 2. v. 1. 
p. 278. 

Aquifolium amplissimis foliis ex insulis Fortunatis. Pluk. 
Aim. p. 38. t. 262. 


* So called, according to de Theis, from ec or ac, in Celtic, signifying a 
sharp point (acute); but this seems a very forced derivation. 

Drawn from an old greenhouse specimen in the Royal 
Botanic Gardens of Kew, which has gone under the name 
of Perado, and supposed to come from the Canary Islands, 
but which is also probably the Ilex Perado of Hortus Kew., 
ed. 1., stated to be a native of Madeira. Be that as it 
may, no such plant is known to inhabit Madeira ; and I 
have the authority of Mr. Webb himself, for saying it is 
his Ilex platyphylla, so well figured in his invaluable 
Natural History of the Canaries, Botanical portion, above 
quoted. According to that author, it grows abundantly at 
Aqua Garcia, in Teneriffe, and is introduced into the land- 
scape of Webb and Berthelot, " Vue Phytostatique," tab. 
4 and tab. 9. The species appears identical with what is 
commonly cultivated as Ilex Perado; but that seems to be 
an inhabitant exclusively of Madeira, and is, probably, the 
same as I. Balearica. The present, Mr. Webb considers 
peculiar to the Canary Islands. It forms a very beautiful 
small tree, with copious handsome, evergreen foliage, and 
with more abundant flowers in cymes than is common 
in the Hollies. It is in reality quite hardy in this country, 
and not at all injured by our severest frosts. 

Descr. A pyramidal tree, of twenty feet in height, ac- 
cording to Mr. Webb, with leaves, as in other species of 
Ilex, extremely variable, generally broadly ovate, approach- 
ing to orbicular, thick and coriaceous, quite entire, or 
more or less serrated, and of the size represented in our 
figure : but sometimes, as in our native specimens from 
Mr. Webb and Dr. Finlay, three or four times as large. 
Cyme many- flowered, much longer than the thickened 
petioles. Pedicels with two small bracts below the middle, 
thickened upwards. Calyx-segments ciliated. Lobes of the 
corolla very concave, obovate. Stamens shorter than the 
lobes. Ovary globoso-pyramidal. 

Fig. 1. Calyx and Ovary. 2. 3. Flowers. 

( 4080 ) 

Nematanthus chloronema. Shorter- 
flower-stalked Nematanthus. 

Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Gesneriace^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx liber obliquus ultra medium 5-fidus seu 5-partitus, 
lobis lanceolato-linearibus subaequalibus, summo paululum 
minore. Corolla infiindibuliformi -campanulata obliqua 
nasi postice gihba, fauce pat u la, limbo aequaliter 5-Iobo. 
Stamina 4 didynama cum quiuto rudimentum aut nullo. 
Anthers cohaerehtes. Annulus hypogynus et gland n la pos- 
tica. Capsula pyramidalis coriacea 1-locularis 2-valvis, 
placentis 2 parietalibus bilamellatis. Sernhia innumerosa 
oblonga. — Frutices Brasilienses simpfices aut parce ramosi, 
supra arbores scandentes stepe radicanfes. epidermide nitida, 
cmereo-teslacea. Folia opposita (altero scepe minore) petio- 
lata crassiuscula oblonga aut ovali-lanceolata utrinque acu- 
minata subintegerrima, juniora ciliata. Gemmatio nuda, 
folds complicatis. Pedicelli axiltares l-flori solitarii ebrac- 
teatijilij ormes penduli. Corolla? punicea amplce. D C. 

Specific Character and Sj/nonj/ms. 

Nematanthus chloronema ; peduuculis folium vix superau- 
tibus, segmentis calycinis corolla subtriplo brevioribus. 

Nematanthus chloronema. Mart. Nov. Gen. Bras. v. 3. 
p. 47. t. 220. Be Cand. Prodr. v. 7. p. 544. 

This is doubtless the N. chloronema of Martius, although 
the leaves are broader than in his plant, and I think 
different, as a species, from the N. longipes already rigured 
in the present work, Tab. 4018, and readily recognised 


as distinct by Mr. Gardner, in the native country. 
Martius first detected it in the Organ Mountains, and Mr. 
Gardner gathered his specimens in the same place, and 
sent home young plants, which first flowered in the Glas- 
gow Royal Botanic Garden, in July, 1843, whence spe- 
cimens were kindly sent hither by Professor Balfour. 
The chief distinction lies in the relative length of the pe- 
duncle and leaves, and of the calyx-segments and corolla 
(for, as above intimated, the leaves are variable) ; and the 
flowers, it may be remarked, are smaller, and the spread 
of the limb less. Any further description is needless. 
Together with N. longipes it is well worthy a place in 
every stove 


fti by S. CenU G&at/urwd Ernm dpril l.J$ff 


( 4081 ) 

Maxillaria ciliata. Fringe-lipped 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^;. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium connivens, raro patens. Sepala lateralia 
cum basi producta column® connata. Petala subconformia. 
Labellum trilobum, eucullatum, sessile, cum basi producta 
columnae articulatum. Columna semiteres, aptera. Anthera 
subbilocularis. Pollinia 2, bipartibilia vel integra, caudi- 
cula brevi, glandula transversa. — Epiphytae (Americana), 
pseudobulbosce , acaules vel caulescentes. Folia plicata vel 
coriacea. Pedunculi vadicales, axillares vel terminates, uni- 
vel multiflori. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Maxillaria ciliata; pseudo-bulbis ovatis compressis laeviter 
sulcatis, foliis lanceolatis, scapis unifloris bracteatis de- 
flexis, labelli lobis lateralibus oblongis intermediomax- 
imo longissime fimbriato apice appendiculo saccato, 
calcare brevi conico. 

Maxillaria ciliata. " Ruiz et Pav. Fl. Peruv. Si/st. p. 
221" Lindl. Bot. Reg. t. 1206. 

Dendrobium ciliatum. C! Sw." 

That this is the Maxillaria ciliata of Lindlev, in the Bo- 
tanical Register, there can, I think, be no doubt ; and 
probably that author is correct in referring it to the M. 
ciliata of Ruiz and Pa von, Peruvian Plant, for it suffi- 
ciently accords with their brief character : but the Epiden- 
drum Barringtoniai of Smith's Ic. Picta, (Dendrobium, Sw., 


and in Hooker's Exotic Flora, to which Dr. Lindley refers 
it in his Gen. et Sp. Orchid.,) seems to me to be different. 
The latter also there quotes, as a synonym, his Colax 
Barringtonice (Bot. Reg. t. 897.). But t. 89? is Maxillaria 
HarrisonicB, a very distinct plant. With regard to Den- 
drobium ciliatum, I do not find it in Swartz Gen. et Spec. 
Orchid., nor in his Fl. Ind. Occ, though I presume upon the 
authority of Swartz, it is given as a native of Jamaica. 
Supposing Ruiz and Pavon's plant to be the same, it is 
found also at Mima and Chinchao, in Peru. It is a graceful 
species. Our specimen flowered in the Royal Botanic 
Garden of Kew, in August, 1843. 

Descr. Pseudo-bulbs clustered, ovate, oblong, com- 
pressed, the edges obtuse, the sides obsoletely furrowed. 
Leaves two, from the apex of the pseudo-bulb, broadly lance- 
olate, striated, tapering below. Scapes from the base of the 
pseudo-bulb, three to four inches long, pendent, terete, 
clothed with pale-coloured, sheathing scales. Flowers 
solitary, large. Sepals and petals oblong-lanceolate, spread- 
ing, externally pale-green, internally with a brownish tinge, 
the sepal under the lip with a short conical spur at the 
base. Lip shorter than the sepals, almost white, broadly 
obovato-spathulate, the two side-lobes oblong, a little 
incised; middle one large, striated with a decurrent lamella 
below the middle, beautifully fimbriated at the sides with 
long, slender laciniae, contracted below the apex, so that 
the very apex forms a concave, slightly fringed, appeudage. 
Column semiterete, decurrent into the spur of the sepal, 
somewhat hairy in front. Anther-case hemispherical. 

Fig. 1. Side view of a Column and Lip. 2. Front view of the same, the 
Lip bent back. 3. Upper portion of the Column, or Anther-case, bent back 
from the Pollen-masses. — magnified. 

( 4082 ) 
Fuchsia splendens. Splendid Fuchsia. 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Onagrarle. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calycis tubus basi ovario adherens, superne productus in 
tubum cylindraceum 4-lobum post anthesin articulatim de- 
ciduum. Petala 4 summo tubo inserta lobis alterna, rarius 
o. Stam 8. Ovarium glandula urceolata coronaturn. Sty- 
lus filiformis. Stigma capitatum. Bacca oblonga aut ovato- 
globosa 4-locularis, 4-valvis, polysperma. — Frutices. Folia 
scepius opposita. Pedunculi axillares \-jlori, interdum ad 
apices ramorum racemosi. Floras sapius nutantes, rubri 
rarius albi ; interdum b-fidi 10-andri. De Cand. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Fuchsia splendens; suffruticosa, pubescens, foliis oppositis 
ternatisque longe petiolatis ovatis cordatis denticula- 
tis acuminatis, pedunculis filiformibus axillaribus soli- 
tariis unifloris, ovario cylindraceo, calycis tubo insig- 
niter compresso basi ventricoso laciniis triangularibus 
acutis petalis ovatis planis patulis longioribus, stamin- 
ibus longe exsertis. 

Fuchsia splendens. " Zuccarini in Flora, 1832. 2. Beibl. 
102." according to Benth. Plant. Hartw. p. 61. n. 460. 
Lindl. Bot. Reg. 1842. t. 67. 

Fuchsia cordifolia, (i. Hook. Ic. PL t. 650. (non Lindl.) 

A very handsome Mexican species of a very favourite 
penus, though perhaps not so striking as the name would 
lead one to infer. Dr. Lindley compares it with F.fulgens 
(our Tab. 3801), but to us it appears much more nearly 
allied to F. cordifolia of Bentham, in Lindl., Bot. Reg., 


1841, t. 70; differing chiefly in the shorter and more com- 
pressed tube of the calyx. This compression is very re- 
markable, so that, in one direction, the diameter of the 
tube does not appear to be half what it is in another : in 
both species, too, the calycine segments and petals are 
green. F. splendens is a native of Mexico, first described 
by Zuccarini, probably from Schiede and Deppe's speci- 
men ; Hartweg gathered it at Totontepeque, at an elevation 
of 10,000 feet above the level of the sea: I have native 
specimens from Linden, collected at Chamula; and from 
Skinner, obtained, I presume, in Guatemala. It is still, I 
believe, treated as a hardy greenhouse plant, growing 
vigorously, and flowering early during the summer months; 
and probably it may prove sufficiently hardy to bear our 
winters : though it would, in all likelihood, always die 
down nearly to the ground. 

Descr. A branched, suffruticose plant, with handsome, 
delicate, ovato-cordate leaves of a pale-green colour. Pe- 
duncles filiform, solitary, axillary, single-flowered. Flowers 
drooping. Calyx an inch and a half long, scarlet, tipped 
with pale green, remarkably compressed in the tube just 
above the swollen base. Petals shorter than the calycine 
segments, ovate. Stamens much protruded : Anthers yel- 
low. Style longer than the stamens : stigma capitate. 

by S Curtis Glmctmmd' Esstx .fyrd 

( 4083 ) 
Cattleya superba. Superb Cattleya. 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ol-d.—ORCHIDEjE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala membranacea vel carnosa, patentia, aequalia. 
Petala saepius majora. Labellum cucullatum, columnam 
mvolvens, trilobum vel indivisum. Columna clavata, elon- 
gata, semiteres, marginata, cum labello articulata. Anthera 
carnosa, 4-locularis, septorum marginibus membranaceis. 
Pollinia 4, caudiculis totidem replicatis. — Herbae epiphyte 
(Americance) pseudobulbosce. Folia solitaria vel bina 
coriacea. Flores terminates speciosissimi, scepe e spatha 
Magna erumpentes. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonytns. 

Cattleya superba; foliis ovato-oblongis obtusis coriaceis 
marginatis caule clavato brevioribus, sepalis oblongis 
acutiusculis, petalis lanceolatis acutis membranaceis 
duplo latioribus, labelli trilobi cucullati lobis laterali- 
bus aeutis, intermedio transverso piano denticulato 
emarginato subunguiculato basi venis elevatis rugoso, 
callis duobus prope basin. Lindl. 

Cattleya superba. Schomb. in Lindl. Sert. Orchid, t. 22. 

Cattleya Schomburgkii. Loddiges' Orchid. Cat. n. 434. 

A very splendid species of Cattleya, and a fragrant one. 
" was detected in British Guiana, by Mr. Schomburgk, 
and by him living plants were sent to Messrs. Loddiges, 
jyhere they blossomed in 1838. Its discoverer remembers 
that, " in beauty, odour, and duration, it is not to be sur- 
passed by any Orchideous plant : the odour in the morning 
a nd evening becoming too powerful for a confined place; 


and its splendid flowers last for two or three weeks." Our 
figure was taken from a fine plant in the Royal Botanic 
Gardens, in the month of August, 1843. 

Descr. The stem, or pseudo-bulb, is six to eight inches 
long, clavate, compressed, at first clothed with sheathing 
scales, at length naked, compressed, sulcated, terminated 
by two broadly-oblong, spreading, dark-green, coriaceous 
leaves, four to five inches long. Peduncle terminal, from 
between the two leaves, bearing four or five large, hand- 
some, fragrant flowers, the base encased in a compressed 
sheath, open at one edge. Sepals spreading, oblong, 
rather acute, full rose-colour. Petals resembling them, 
except that they are broader upwards, and almost obovate. 
Lip remarkable for its deep purple-red colour, paler at the 
edges of the side-lobes, and on the disk, where it becomes 
yellowish, and is marked with elevated lines. The side- 
lobes completely sheath and conceal the white column; the 
intermediate, or terminal lobe is large, obcordate, undu- 
lato-crenate at the edge. 

C 4084 ) 

Cereus Pitajaya. Variable Cereus; 
or Pitajaya. 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord.— Cacte*:. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala numerosissima imbricata, basi ovario adnata, in 
tubum elongatum concreta, exteriora breviora calycinalia, 
media longiora colorata intima petaliformia. Stamina 
numerosissima cum tubo concreta. Stylus filiformis, apice 
multifidus. Bacca areolata., sepalorum reliquiis squama- 
ta aut tuberculosa. Coiyledones acuminata?. — Prutices 
carnosi, subglobosi vel elongati, slricti, articulati vel re- 
pentes, axi ligneo interne medullifero donati, angulis verti- 
callbus, spinarum fasciculos gerentibus vel inermibus, re- 
gulariter sulcati. Anguli seu alee nunc plurimce, nunc 
paucissimai, rarius duo, tantum, et tunc rami compresso-alati, 
mermes. Flores ampli e spinarum fasciculis lateralibus 
trunci aut ramorum vetustiorum, aut crenis angulorum orti. 
Fructus oviformes, plerumque anno sequente maturescentes, 
edules. Pfeiff. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Cereus Pitajaya; erectus longe articulates altus simplex 
vel ramosus glaucescens, costis profundis 4 (nunc 3 
v. 5) compressis obtusis undulato-repandis, areolis 
remotis albo-tomentosis seu lanatis aculeis rectis ri- 
gidis mediocribus 4—6—8 inaequalibus exterioribus 
stellatim patentibus fuscis. 

Cereus Pitajaya. Be Cand. Prodr. 3. p. 466. 

Cactus Pitajaya. Jacq. Select. Stirp. Amer.p. 151. 

Cereus undulosus. De Cand. Prodr. 3. p. 467. (according 
to Pfeiffer). 

Cereus variabilis. Pfeiff. Enum. Cact. p. 105. 

Cactus, &c. Plum Am. ed. Burm. t. 194 ? et tab. 199. / 1 ? 



This has been long cultivated in the Royal Botanic 
Gardens of Kevv, under the name here retained, and is a 
very handsome species, growing erect, bearing very large, 
showy flowers, and with stems of a singularly glaucous- 
green tint. There is much difficulty in determining the 
synonyms of this Cereus. Pfeiffer appears to have chang- 
ed the old specific name, conferred by Jacquin solely on 
account of the variable character, and he has included 
under it two figures of Plumiere, which appear to me 
extremely different in habit from this plant, and from each 
other, and which I have quoted with a mark of doubt : — 
and he refers the Cereus undulosus of De Candolle hither, 
which is described as having spines two inches long; while, 
on the other hand, he keeps the C. oblusus of Haworth 
distinct, which seems too nearly allied to the present. A 
good series of figures alone can well illustrate the species of 
this difficult and now extrusive family. Our plant is de- 
scribed as an inhabitant of Carthagena; but Pfeiffer adds 
Mexico, Peru, Brazil, and the West Indies. Its noble 
flowers are produced with us in July, generally expanding 
towards evening, and fading in the morning of the follow- 
ing day, 

Descr. A tall-growing, erect, simple, or branched spe- 
cies, with stems three to four inches in diameter, constricted 
at very uncertain distances, glaucous, especially the young 
shoots, presenting sometimes three, generally four, occasion- 
ally five, deep and broad furrows, and as many projecting, 
much compressed angles or wings, obtuse at the margin, 
and crenato-repand. Areola distant, densely woolly, com- 
pact. Spines scarcely half an inch long, straight, stellated, 
disposed irregularly in length, four to six or eight in num- 
ber, the central one often the stoutest, all of a palish -brown 
colour. Flowers large, handsome, showy, from an areola of 
the margin of the costae. Tube a span long, widening up- 
wards, set with distant, appressed, triangular scales, which 
gradually pass into the linear-oblong, acuminate, white, 
tinged with brownish - green, sepals. Petals numerous, 
spreading, (as well as the sepals) white or cream-coloured, 
obovato-lanceolate, acuminate, sharply-serrated. Stamens 
numerous. Filaments assurgent. Anthers yellow. Stigma 
rayed, as in the Genua 

Fig. 1. Much reduced figure of the entire flowering Plant. 2. Por- 

'— rirfr* pit/* 

ion ; — nat, size. 

( 4085 ) 

Cattleya intermedia; variegata. Inter- 
mediate Cattleya; variegated lipped. 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala membranacea vel carnosa., patentia, aqualia. 
Petala saepius majora. Labellum cucullatum, columiiam 
involvens, trilobum vel indivisum. Columna clavata, elon- 
gata, semiteres, marginata, cum labello articulata. Anthera 
carnosa,, 4-locularis, septorum marginibus membranaceis. 
Pollinia 4, caudiculis totidem replicatis. — Herbas epiphytes 
(Americance) pseudobulbosee. Folia solitaria vel bina 
coriacea. F lores terminates speciosissimi, scepe e spatha 
magna erumpentes. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Cattleya intermedia; pseudo-bulbis valde elongatis gracil- 
ibus caulescentibus, foliis anguste oblongis, sepalis 
petalisque patentibus, labello trilobo lamellis plu- 
rimis in medio carnosis cristato, laciniis lateralibus 
ovatis planiusculis intermedio crispo rotundato denti- 

Cattleya intermedia. Grah. in Bot. Mag. t. 2851, (and 
var. angustifoliaj. Hook. Bot. Mag. t. 3711 (var. 
pallida;. Lindl. Bot Reg. t. 1919. 

Var. variegata; petalis sepalisque latioribus labelli lobo 
medio albo lamellis rubris. (Tab. Nostr. 4085J. 

We have often had occasion to notice how variable are 
the species of many Genera of Orchidaceous plants. It 
seems to be especially the case with those of Cattleya. 


The present one has the elongated pseudo-bulb, the narrow 
leaves, and the lamellated labellum of C. intermedia ; but 
the sepals and petals are much broader, the middle lobe of 
the lip is white, and the lamella? red. 

It was sent from Brazil by Mr. Gardner, and flowered 
in the stove of the Royal Botanic Gardens of Kew, in 
May, 1843. 

v 2C 9 


•, /? iVJ '^rr'-^y -J < ■ Br w 


( 4086 ) 

Pentas carnea. Flesh-coloured 


Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Rubiace^e. Trib. Hedyotideje. ) 

Generic Character. 

Pentas, Benth. Nov. Gen. Calycis tubus brevis turbina- 
tes ; limbus profunde 5-fidus, laciniis angustis inaequalibus, 
glanduJis I — 2 interdum insinubus adjectis. Corolla tubus 
elongatus ; faux cam pa mi lata intus barbata ; limbus patens 
5-fidus, laciniis ovatis glabris aestivatione laeviter imbricatis. 
Slarnina 5 infra faucem inserta: Filamenta brevia : Anthera 
lineares. Discus epigynus crassus. Stylus filiformis apice 
bilobus. Capsula subglobosa apice libera acutiuscula, 
loculicide bivalvis, valvis bifidis. Semina numerosa. Benth. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Pentas* carnea; foliis ovatis vel ovali-oblongis acutis basi 
cuneatis pilosiusculis, corollae tubo calyce multoties 
longiore, styli ramis elongatis, capsular valvulis parte 
adnata vix brevioribus. Benth. 

Sipanea carnea. Hortul. 

Our stoves have lately exhibited a fine flowering plant, 
under the name of Sjpanea carnea, well worthy of general 
cultivation. Mr. Makoy, of Liege, I believe, introduced it 
to Euglaud : at least, the RoyarBotauic Garden of Kevv is 



* " A series of five ;" so named by Mr Bentham from the quinary 
arrangement of the parts of the flower ; whereas they are quaternary m the 
other Genera of Hedyotide^e, to which group this plant belongs. 

indebted for the possession of it to that liberal cultivator. 
A slight examination of the flowers and fruit and stipules 
will, however, show that it has nothing to do with Sipanea, 
and that it is one of the Hedyotidete; — a new Genus, to 
which Mr. Bentiiam has given the name of Pentas, allied, 
as that gentleman observes, to Virecta, and to which pro- 
bably the Virecta ? elatior, De Cand., Prodr., 4. p. 415, 
(Sipanea elatior, A. Rich.) from Angola belongs, as a new 
Rubiaceous plant* of Vogel, gathered at Accra during 
the late unfortunate Niger expedition, undoubtedly does. 
So that, although not so stated, there is every reason to 
believe the plant is from tropical Africa. 

Descr. The plant is about a foot high, scarcely shrubby : 
branches all herbaceous, rounded, hairy. Leaves also hairy, 
opposite, ovate, or broad-oblong and acuminate, tapering 
at the base into a broad, short footstalk. Stipules large, 
plurisetose. Flowers in large corymbs of a delicate pur- 
plish flesh colour, which, when home, as is frequently the 
case, upon the several branches of one small plant, exhibit 
a very lively appearance ; and then: is almost a continued 
succession of them for a great pari of the year. Flowers 
And fruit, as described in the Generic Character. 

* P '. parviflora (Benth.) ; foliis ovatis v. ovali-oblongis acuminatis basi 
angustatis vix ad venas puberulis, corolla? tubo calyce 2 — 3-plo longiore, 
styli ramis brevibus, capsular valvulis brevissime liberis. 

Hab. Western tropical Africa, near Accra. Dr. Vogel. 

The Hedyotis pentandra, Schum. Beskv. PI. Guin. p. 71. is, probably, 
a fourth species of this Genus, or else a Virecta. Benth. 

Fig. 1. Flower, with one Segment, of the Calyx removed, and the Corolla 
laid open. 2. Ovary cut through transversely : — magnified. 

W Fitch rl<l' 

16* l.Uff 

( 4087 ) 
Greenovia aurea. Golden Greenovia. 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Crassulace.e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx crateriformis, multifidus, laciniis Iinearibus. Pe- 
tala plurima angusta. Stamina numero petalorum dupla. 
Squama perigynae nulls. Ovaria receptaculo ad dimidium 
immersa, placentis horizontal bus, ovulis superioribus erec- 
tis, inferioribus pendulis. Carpidia plurima follicularia, 
compressa, ad medium usque cum receptaculo connata, 
superne libera, medio horizontaliter ad placentas dehiscen- 
tia. — Herbae Canarienses subacaules, propaginibus scepe ad- 
auctai ; foliis sessilibus, crassis, rosulatis, integris; corollis 
aureis. P. B. Webb. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Greenovia aurea; foliis obovato-spathulatis submuticis 

glaucescentibus, pedicellis glanduloso-pubescentibus. 

P B Webb. 
Greenovia aurea. Webb, Phytogr. Canar. Sect. 1. p. 199. 

pro parte et tab. 36 quoad figg. 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 8 bis, 9, 

10, 11, 12. 
Sempervivum aureum. Chr. Smith in Hort. Berol. p. 57. 

Hornem. Hort. Hafn. Suppl. p. 60. Link, Enum.p. 

20. D C. Prodr. 3. p. 412 

w. u u. froar. a. p. <±ra. 
oempervivum calyciforme. Haw. Suppl. p. 69. Bot. Reg. 

tnh 8QQ 

tab. 892. 

The Genus Greenovia was founded in the Phytographia 
Canariensis upon the present species of House-leek, discov- 
ered originally in the Canary Islands by Christian Smith. 
■The name was given in honor of George Bellas Greenough, 
ksq ■> the celebrated Geologist and enlightened patron and 
promoter of useful knowledge. As those of Buckland, 


Delabeche, and many others, have already been borrowed from the 
sister Science, this meed was justly due to one of the fathers of British 
Geology, of whose friendship and obliging disposition I have myself 
personally a lively recollection. 

Greenovia is distinguished from Sempervivum, and, indeed, from 
all known Crassulace^:, by its deeply immersed ovaries, their anom- 
alous placentation, and the position of the ovules, and the not less 
unusual dehiscence of the fruit. Its habit is that of the true European 
House-leeks, and not of the Canarian forms, Ionium, Aichryson, and 
Petrophtes of the Phytographia. 

It is scarcely possible to avoid some error in describing dried speci- 
mens of a family so difficult to examine in that state as the Crassula- 
ceje. This will be the proper place to rectify one of these, and to men- 
tion a new species of this Genus, till now confounded with the present 
plant. The inspection of living plants of both, sent from the Canaries 
with the dried collection in 1830, and preserved since by Mr. Young, 
in his nursery at Milford, near Godalming, has enabled me to do this. 
Mr. Yotjng, indeed, thinks that there is still a third species amongst 
the living specimens sent ; but this cannot be so easily ascertained at 
present. This new species I call Greenovia rupifraga, as it grows in 
the fissures of naked tufa, which it widens by the increase of its stems. 
Its leaves are wedge-shaped and narrow, instead of being rounded and 
spathulate as in Greenovia aurea, with a much more prominent point 
or tip, formed by the projecting midrib, and their sea-green colour is 
much more silvery. A particular description will be given of this plant 
whenever it flowers. 

The true Greenovia aurea inhabits the woody region on the rocks 
called Los Organos, in the valley of Orotava, above Aqua Mansa, in 
TenerifTe, and on Mount Saucillo in the Grand Canary, where it was 
found by Despreaux. Greenovia rupifraga is found on that lofty 
chain called the Filo de las Canyadas*, which forms the lips of the 
great primaeval crater of the island, out of which the cone of the Peak 
springs. Its station being thus above even the region of Pines, where 
there is frost occasionally, it is very possible the species will sustain 
the winters of England, if planted in a dry spot. Damp must be care- 
fully guarded against, as the station which it inhabits being above the 
clouds, is as arid as the great Sahara. On the contrary, the beautiful 
zone of Laurels, on the outskirts of which the G. aurea is found, drips 
with continual moisture from the clouds floating on the surface of the 
trade winds, and which are arrested in their progress southwards by the 
lofty mass of the island. 

It is probable that Christian Smith likewise confounded these two 
species, for his habitat of Mount Chiquita belongs to the high region. 
In the plate 36 of the Fhytographta Conarietms, the figures have, 
unfortunately, been taken indiscriminately from both these plant*, 
This confusion may be thus rectified, the figures 3, 5, (5, 7, 8, 8 bis, 9, 
10, 11, and 12 belong to Greenovia aurea, the remainder, I, 2, 4, 13, 
14, and 15, represent Greenovia rupifraga. P. B. Webb. 

* As the English printing offices do not possess the Spanish liquid n, I insert a 
y for the pronunciation. 

Fig. 1. Two Pistils. 2. Section of an Ovary; — magnified. 

( 4088 ) 


Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchideve. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala erecta, acuminata, subasqualia, lateralibus cum 
pede columns connatis et basi obliquis. Petala nana (ra- 
nssime sepalis subaequalia). Labellum cum pede columnar 
articulatum, unguiculatum, sspius integrum, et posticum. 
Columna nana, antice bidentata, vel bicornis. Anthera 1- 
v el 2-locularis. Pollinia 4, libera, valde inaequalia, nunc in 
uno conuata, nunc per paria cohaerentia, altero cujusvis 
pans minuto lobnliforini. — Herb* epiphytce, rhizomate re- 
pente pseudo-bulbifero. Folia coriacea, avenia. Racemi 
radicates. LindL 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Bolbophyllum Calamaria ; pseudo-bulbis tetragonis, folio 
oblongo piano coriaceo obtuso basi canaliculato, scapo 
stricto longissimo apice florido, bracteis membranaceis 
emarcid is ovarii longitudine, sepalis anguste triangula- 
ribus margine pubescentibus, petalis cornuformibus 
subteretibus glabris, labello sessili mobili lineari basi 
sulcato margine oinni tomentoso supra medium villis 
longissimis crinito, columns cornubus falcatis. Lindl. 

Boleophyllum Calamaria. Lindl. Bot. Reg. Suppl. 1843. 
P- 70. n. 109. 

An exceedingly curious Epiphyte, belonging to the Genus 
Bolbophyllum, as now defined; but I believe Professor 
Lindley has it in contemplation, to constitute a distinct 
Genus of this and some others. The flowering specimen 


was sent to me by John Gray, Esq., of Greenock, a highly 
successful cultivator of plants, and no less liberal than suc- 
cessful. He possesses many advantages in the importation 
of plants, by his great mercantile connections abroad, and 
loses no opportunity of introducing such as are most worthy 
of notice. The present he received from Sierra Leone, 
and though not a very showy plant, the beautiful structure 
of the flowers, and the rich blood-coloured tuft of hair on 
the elongated lip, entitle it to a place in every tropical 
Orchideous collection. 

Descr. Pseudo-bulbs small, ovate, angled and furrowed, 
more or less sheathed with scales, each bearing a solitary, ob- 
long, coriaceous leaf, about four to five inches long, at the 
extremity . Scape a foot or more long, from the base of a 
pseudo-bulb, articulated, and partially sheathed with scales. 
Spike elongated, crowded, many-flowered, each flower sub- 
tended by a broad, acute bractea. Sepals spreading, lan- 
ceolate, acuminate, tawny. Petals very minute, subulate, 
appressed, one on each side to the column. Lip three- 
lobed sessile and moveable, saccate at the base ; the lateral 
lobes small, rounded, erect, ciliated, applied to the base of 
the column, the middle one very much elongated, linear- 
lanceolate, patent, or a little pendent, deep blood-coloured, 
ciliated at the margin below, with short hairs, and towards 
the apex fringed with very long blood-coloured ones. 
Column short, semiterete, with two short, erect, subulate 
horns from the apex, longer than the anther. Anther-case 
helmet-shaped, crested, two-celled ; Pollen-masses of two 
oval lobes, yellow. 

Fig. 1. Column and Lip. 2. The same in a different position. 3. An- 
ther-case. 4,5. Pollen-masses:— magnified. 

C 4089 ) 

Drymonia punctata. Spotted-flowered 

Class and Order. 


( Nat. Orel. — Gesneriace^e. ) 
Generic Character. 

Calyx liber, obliquus 5-phyllus, sepalis imbricatis, 2 in- 
tenonbus. Cor. obliqua campanulato-subringens basi pos- 
tice gibba, fauce patula, labio superiore bilobo, infer, tri- 
lobo. Stam. 4 didynama, antheris inter seliberis. Rudi- 
mentum quinti nullum. Stigma bilobum. Annulus hypo- 
gynus et glandula postica. Capsula baccans ovata coriacea 
1-locul. bivalvis, placentis 2 parietalibus bilamellatis. Se- 
mina oo fusiformia. — Prutices Australi-Americani scanden- 
tes, hinc inde radicantes aut humifusi. Caules teretiusculi 
epidermide nitida. Folia opposita petiolata serrata pubes- 
centia crassiuscula. Pedicelli axillares solitarii \-flori bre- 
viusculi petiolo subcequales ebracteati. Corollae amplce, fia- 
vula: aut alba, sapius picta. De Cand. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Drymonia * punctata; foliis ovalibus longe petiolatis serra- 
tis pubescentibus ciliatis, floribus axillaribus subsessil- 
ibus, sepalis valde inaequalibus lanceolato-spathulatis 
serrulatis, corollaE (purpureo-punctatae) limbo patente 

Drymonia punctata. Lindl. Bot. Reg. 1843. Miscell. 77. 
Walp. Repert. Bot. 2. p. 716. 

Introduced by the Horticultural Society from Guatemala,, 
through the medium of their collector, Mr. Hartweg It 


* So called by Martius, hofum*, from its inhabiting woody places, and 
climbing upon trees. 

is cultivated in the Royal Botanic Gardens of Kew to great 
advantage, in a wire basket, with pieces of wood and turf; 
and suspended from a beam in a moist stove. In such a 
situation it thrives admirably, and bears its delicate, yel- 
lowish, or almost primrose-coloured flowers, spotted with 
purple, copiously. As a species, it is very different from 
the D. serrulata, Mart, (bicolor, Lindley, Bot. Reg. 1838, 
t. 4.) in the shape and marking of the flower, in the short 
peduncle, and especially in the narrow, not cordate, base 
of the sepals. 

Descr. Subherbaceous, with creeping, hairy, succulent 
stems, and opposite, elliptical, fleshy, saccated, hairy, and 
ciliated leaves, on long, hairy, foot-stalks. Peduncles 
scarcely the third or half-an-inch long, dilated upwards, 
axillary, solitary, single-flowered, with two small bracteas 
at the base. Calyx deeply cut into five very unequal seg- 
ments or sepals, which are between lanceolate and spathu- 
late, acute, saccated, hairy. Corolla rather large, pale 
yellow, copiously dotted with purple. Tube gibbous at 
the base above, dilated upwards, and expanding into a 
large, oblique, five-lobcd limb; the lobes rounded, fimbri- 
ated. Stamens four: Anthers free. Ovary hairy, ovate, 
having at the base a fleshy ring, and a large;, emarginate 
gland below on the back. Style elongated, downy, as well 
as the large, obscurely two-lipped stigma. 

Fig. 1. Pistil and hypogynous Ring and Gland. 2. Stigma. 3. Trans- 
verse section of the Ovary : — magnified. 

fitA def- 

?W 0» S Curtis Glazftweed XiM» Jvx, / jfff 

C 4090 ) 


Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala explanata, lanceolata, aequalia. Petala majora, 
paulo difformia, carnosa, explanata. Labellum posticum, 
3-partitum, lamellatum, circa columnam convolutum. Co- 
lumna aptera, carnosa, antice canaliculata. Anthera — . 
Pollinia 8, caudiculis quatuor elasticis. — Herbae epiphyta, 
rhizomate pseudo-bolbophoro. Folia carnosa. Scapi termi- 
nates, pauci- vel multiflori. Flores speciosi, odorati. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

L^lia superbiens; scapo longissimo multifloro, sepalis pe- 
talisque lineari-oblongis obtusis rnembranaceis labello 
longioribus, labelli lobo medio obtusissimo, disco la- 
mellis quinque maximis subserratis antice truncatis 
aucto, antherae crista biaurita, clinandrio denticulato. 

LmiA superbiens. Lindl. Bot. Reg. Misc. 1840, n. 87, et 
sub Tab. 62, 1842. Batem. Orch. Guatem. and Mex. 
t. 38. 

Almost the last plate of Mr. Batem an's splendid work on 
the Orchidace,e, is devoted to the representation of this 
I^elia, which, of all gorgeous plants, best deserves the 
name of superbiens. It was one of Mr. Skinner's many 
valuable discoveries among the cooler districts of Guate- 
mala, and the following account of it is given. 'I first 
found," says Mr. Skinner, " the L^blia superbiens in the 
village of Surupango, planted by the Indians in front of 
their doors. This was in 1839; afterwards (in November, 
1840,) I went in search of its true habitat, and after an 
excursion of three days, detected it in the barrancas (or gui- 
des) of Sachmarachon, near the town of Comalapa, about 


vol. xvn. I 

twenty leagues due North of the city of Guatemala. Here 
it exists in immense quantities, the finest specimens grow- 
ing out of the crevices of rocks, and sheltered from the 
North winds. Some of the plants had bulbs of the height 
of twenty-two inches, with flower-stems four yards long, 
and bearing upwards of twenty flowers (one, of which I 
sent you the dried specimen, had twenty-two). On the 
morning on which I made this excursion (November 27), 
when I got to the town of Comalapa, the ground was cov- 
ered with hoar-frost, the L^elias, however, as has been 
already mentioned, were usually screened from the North, 
and where this was not the case, the plants had a stunted 
appearance. The name given to this species by the Coma- 
lapa Indians is 'Coteach-Kiaj,' meaning simply, ' red flower ;' 
but by the English who speak Spanish, it was termed f La 
verga del Senor San Jose,' i. e., ' the wand of our Lord Saint 
Joseph.' " — Mr, Skinner's Letter to Mr. Bateman. 

It is from the dried specimen above mentioned that Miss Drake 
made the beautiful drawing, published in Mr. Bateman's work, and 
considering the circumstances under which it was executed, and the 
difficulty of making a figure from a pressed flower of an Orchideous 
plant, it is surprising how well she has performed her task. In our 
case, we have the advantage of a living plant, and the first and only one 
that has yet flowered in this country, which took place in the spring of 
this year, in the valuable collection of Mrs. Wray, of Oakfield, Chel- 
tenham, who kindly forwarded the noble specimen here figured. 
Splendid though it is, it yet falls short in size and in colour of the original 
specimen above mentioned of Mr. Skinner : but there is enough to 
entitle it to the name it bears. Looking at the habit of the plant, and 
the foliage, and the general form of the flowers, one does not see at once 
how the genus is to be distinguished from Cattleya. "Cattleyje proxi- 
mum," Dr. Lindley says, " sed labello postico et polliniis 8 diver- 
sum." Mrs. Wray finds that it succeeds well only in a cool stove, as 
is now known to be the case, and foretold by Mr. Skinner, with many 
of the Orchide^ from Guatemala and Mexico. 

Descr. Caudex creeping, terete, as thick as a finger, sending out 
white, fleshy fibres, and having pseudo-bulbs five to six or eight inches 
long, of an oblong form, furrowed on the surface, more or less sheathed 
with scales, and tapering below into a stalk ; at the apex bearing one, 
or more generally two moderately-sized, coriaceous, oblong, dark-green 
leaves. From the inner base of these leaves the scape arises to a con- 
siderable length, and, in the present instance, bears a nearly globose 
spike of rather closely-placed, large, handsome, purple flowers, beauti- 
fully variegated with yellow. Sepals and petals nearly equal, the 
latter somewhat broader, all of them spreading, oblong-lanceolate, 
rather obtuse, lilac-purple, paler below. Lip resembling that of a 
Cattleya, elongated, equal in length with the sepals, the sides and 
two side-lobes turned upwards, embracing and almost surrounding the 
column, the middle lobe large, broad obcordate, waved and crisped ; 
the disk covered with six longitudinal, prominent, crisped lamella?: 
the general colour is yellow, with a deep-purple, broad margin ; and the 
lower half obliquely streaked with purple. 

K rWk dsi 

Pui. ty S. Curtis Gla-ztawcvd Vssi 


( 4091 ) 


Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium ringens. Sepala libera, asqualia, inter- 
medio galeato, calcarato vel saccato. Petala minora, erec- 
ta, basi columns adnata. Labellum liberuin, filiforme aut 
dilatatum, integrum aut multifidum. Columna bipartita 
(anthera et stigmate sejunctis). Anthera bilocularis, erecta 
vel supina, glandulis duabus distantibus nudis. Stigma 
truncatum vel convexum, disco obscure trilobum, sa?pe 
tuberculitbrme, ad basin columnar situm. Semina m pluri- 
bus speciebus (an omnibus ?) atra, Crustacea, nitida, testa 
adhaerente apice et basi tantum libera. — Herba? terrestres, 
Capenses, habitu vario, scapo terminali uni-multifloro. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Disa cornuta ; foliis lanceolatis erectis basi cucullatis, spica 
multiflora, bracteis oblongo-lanceolatis floribus longi- 
oribus, sepalis oblongis orbicularis, galea orbiculata in 
calcar infundibulare producta, petalis falcatis supinis 
basi auriculatis, labello nano oblongo obtuso velutino. 

Disa cornuta. Swartz Gen. et Sp. Orchid, p. 26. Thunb. 
Fl. Cap. p. 7. Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orchid, p. 349. 

Satyrium cornutum. Thunb. Prodr. 5. 

Orchis cornuta. Linn. Sp. PI. p. 1330. 

This charming plant was imported from the Cape of 
Good Hope, together with the more splendid Disa grandi- 
fiora, figured at our Tab. 4073, and other rare Orchidej;, 


in the summer of 1843, to the Royal Gardens of Kew, and 
it bloomed during the month of December of the same 
year in a cool stove. The plants then died down to the 
root, and it is doubtful if we shall succeed in flowering the 
same root a second year, so little is understood of the 
proper mode of treatment for Cape bulbs and tubers. It is 
certain the roots often suffer from being taken up from their 
native soil at an improper season ; and doubtless, too, we 
have much difficulty to contend with in the change of 
seasons they must undergo in our northern hemisphere, 
and the want of hot sun to ripen the roots in their dormant 
state. There is a charming mixture of green and white 
and purple in the flowers of this plant, which contrasted 
well with the gay blossoms of the Disa grandiflora that 
stood beside it. 

Descr. Stem, including the spike, a foot high, green 
spotted with red, leafy to the summit : Leaves lanceolate, 
erect, or erecto-patent, acuminate, the lower ones sheath- 
ing at the base, and there marked with red spots, the 
uppermost sessile, and passing gradually into leaf-like 
bracteas, of which the lower ones are larger than the 
blossoms. Spike four to six inches long, many-flowered. 
Flowers moderately large. Sepals dissimilar ; lateral ones 
oblong, rnncronate, bent down, nearly white, upper or 
intermediate one (galea) very large, rotundato-ovate, 
acute, cucullate, violet-coloured with a green edge con- 
cealing the column and petals, and terminating behind 
in a long, green spur or horn, whence the specific name. 
Petals small, oblong, decurved and falcate, with a broad 
auricle at the base. Lip small, spathulate, green with a 
large, black, velvety spot. Anther erect, two-celled. 

Fig. 1. Flower with the Sepals removed. 2. Front view of the same : — 

( 4092 ) 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ortl. — DipsACEiE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Involucellum monophyllum tubuloso-campanulatiim fove- 
olis destitutum rnargine spinoso-dentatum. Calycis tubus 
oyatus, limbus foliaceus bifidus, lobis oblongis integrisve 
bifidis. Corolla Ionge tubulosa ringens. Stamina 4: mmc 
libera didynama, nunc binatim diadelpha. Stigma peltato- 
capitatum. Fructus calycis lobis coronatus involucello 
cinctus. — Herbse perennes Cardui facie simplices erectce. 
rolia oblongo-sinuata dentato-spinosa rarius integerrima. 
r lores infoliorum superiorum axillis aggregato-verticillati. 
FoYmJloralia breviorafere palmato-dentato. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Morina* longifolia; foliis valde elongatis oblongis acutis 
sinuatis bracteisque cordatis acuminatis spinoso-serra- 
tis, spica interrupta, floribus verticillatis bracteisque 
villosis, calycis lobis plerumque bifidis. 

Morina longifolia. Wall. Cat. n. 426. Be Cand. Prodr. 
4. p. 644. Lindl. Bot. Reg. 1840, t. 36. 

Morina Wallichiana. Royle, Himal. Bot. p. 245. tab. 55 ? 

A very handsome and a hardy plant, which, few per- 
haps, at the first aspect, would suppose to be a congener 


So named by Tournefort, in honor of M. Morin, a Doctor of 
Medicine of the Faculty of Paris, of the Royal Academy of Science, who 
lv »s passionately devoted to Botany. 

with the Fuller's Teasel: yet such is the case. It is 
entirely an Oriental Genus. The original species, found 
in the Levant by Tournefort, is, in many respects, nearly 
allied to this, but the leaves are decidedly smaller, and the 
bracteas much narrower; and both are far more spiny, and 
the verticels of flowers are much more distant. The lobes 
of the calyx are entire or bifid in both species, and I do 
not in any way see how the M. Wallichiana above quoted 
of Dr. Hoyle, is different from this. That gentleman's 
M. Coulteriana of the same work, seems to have the long 
coarse spines of M. Persica. 

Our M. longifolia was discovered by Dr. Wallich in 
Gossarn Than. Dr. Royle found it at Mussooree and on 
Choor, as well as on the mountains of Cashmere. I also 
possess specimens from Lady Dalhousie, gathered on 
Whultoo, in the Himalayas, at an elevation of 10,673 feet 
above the level of the sea. Our flowering-specimens were 
kindly sent from the Belfast Botanic Garden, by Mr. Fer- 
guson, in August, 1843. 

Descr. Stem herbaceous, stout, striated, hairy upwards. 
Leaves very long, especially the lower ones, linear-oblong, 
sinuato-pinnatifid, their segments acute, spinoso -serrate ; 
they gradually become shorter upwards, and are converted, 
as it were, into whorls of large, hairy bracteas, which sur- 
round the copious verticels of flowers, and are equally 
spinous with the leaves. Involucres on short stalks, 
single-flowered, tubular, striated, downy, crowned with 
two large and several smaller subulate spines. Calyx 
jointed on a short flat pedicel, within the involucre, tubular, 
cut below the middle into two broad, ovate, entire or 
usually bifid lips. Corolla with a long, curved, white, 
slender tube, thrice the length of the calyx, and an irregular, 
five-lobed, spreading, deep-rose-coloured limb. Stamens 
two, inserted on the upper side of the mouth of the corolla. 
Anthers oblong, oblique at the base ; these Dr. Coulter 
considered to be four combined into two: while Dr. 
Lindley looked upon a three-lobed gland at the base of the 
style, as representing the three missing stamens : but two 
ot them, in a very reduced and abortive state, actually exist 
on the opposite side of the faux to the two fertile ones, 
and a little low er down : the lowermost gland is probably 
the fifth stamen. 

Fig. 1. Tube of the Corolla, laid open. 2. Involucre and Calyx. 3. 
Calyx: — magnified. 

( 4093 ) 

Cekopegia oculata. Ocellated 

Class and Order. 

Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Asclepiade^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 5-partitus. Corolla tubulosa, basi magis minusve 
ventricosa, subinfundibuliformis, limbi laciniis compressis, 
ligulatis, erectis, saepius arcuatis apiceque cohaerentibus, 
haud raro ciliolatis ; prsefloratione valvata. Corona 
staminea duplici serie campanulata vel rotata, 5 — 10 — 15- 
lobata, lobis antheris antepositis saepius longioribus, ligu- 
latis, apice saepissime approximatis conniventibus. An- 
thera: apice simplices, membrana destitutae. Massce pollinis 
erectae, rotundatae, margine interiori pellucidae. Stigma 
muticum. Folliculi cylindracei, laeves, pergamacei. Se- 
nium comosa. — Suffrutices velpotius Herbae per ennes Indices 
vel Africans, radice bulbosa, erectce, carnosce, aphyllce vel 
septus volubiles , foliosa ; foliis haud raro carnosulis; Jlori- 
ous paucis aggregatis vel subcorymbosis, virentibus pur- 
purea- vel viola ceo -maculatis vel rarius concoloribus lutes- 
centibus. D C. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Ceropegia oculata; caule herbaceo volubili glabro, foliis 
cordato-ovatis acuminatis hirsutulis ciliatis basi glan- 
dulosis, pedunculis patenti-hirsutis 4 — 6-floris, corollas 
tu bo basi valde inflato globoso limbo latiore, limbi 
segmentisoblongis erecto-conniventibus ciliatis inferne 
luteis nigro-oculatis superne intense viridibus, lobis 
coronas stamineae exterioris attenuates emarginatis, in- 
terioris anguste linearibus rectis strictis integerrimis. 

Raised in the stove of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, 
from seeds sent from Bombay, by Miss Jones. It is 


extremely handsome, and very curious, as are the Cero- 
pegias in general, in the structure of the flowers, which, in 
this case, represent the head of a snake with a green snout, 
and eye-like spots above the neck, or narrow part of 
the tube. It is in many respects allied to our C. vincafolia 
from the same country, but the flowers are larger and 
handsomer ; the corollas having a much more inflated base 
free from spots, a very differently marked limb, and a 
different form of the corona staminea. It is a ready grow- 
ing plant, flourishing in a good heat, and it produces its 
flowers in September. 

Descr. Ste?n twining, slender, herbaceous, terete, gla- 
brous. Leaves opposite, ovato-cordate, acuminate, slightly 
hairy and ciliated, with about four, erect, subulate, fleshy 
glands at the base above the leaf-stalk. Peduncles 
axillary, purple, clothed with spreading hairs, and bearing 
an umbel of from four to six, singularly shaped, and 
singularly coloured^/Zoiuers ; the pedicels have subulate brac- 
teas at their base. Calyx of five, deep, subulate segments. 
Corolla two inches long : tube pale yellow-green, remark- 
ably inflated, and globose at the base, so much so that this 
is the widest part of the flower, contracted and elongated 
in the middle, spotted upwards, then again expanding and 
bearing five segments, which are oblong, broader at the 
base, erect, connivent, and coherent at the apices one with 
another; the base yellowish, with large eye-like spots, the 
upper portion dark green. Corona double orange-yellow ; 
outer one cut into five, erecto -patent, acuminate but emar- 
ginate lobes, bearing each three blood-colored spots on the 
back ; inner of five, erect and straight, connivent, uarrow- 
linear segments, thrice as long as the outer ones. 

Fig. 1. Double Corona. — magnified. 

W. Fits/, del 

?W iy S Gaits 6Ummvi Bam . W / tfff- 

( 4094 ) 
Barkeria spectabilis. Showy Barkeria. 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala et petala aequalia, libera, membranacea, paten- 
tissima. Labellum planum, integerrimum, nudum, (cune- 
atum cum apiculo) columns adpressum. Columna petalo- 
ldea. Anthera 4-locularis, carnosa, septorum marginibus 
membranaceis. Pollinia 4, caudiculis totidem lig-ulatis 
reflexis, per paria connatis. — Herbae epiphytes, caulibus 
fusijormibus carnosis. Folia angusta, membranacea, ner- 
vosa. Peduncull longi, graciles, squamati, terminals, 
apice racemosi. Plores magni, conspicui, nutantes. Lindl, 

Specific Name and Character. 

Barkeria* spectabilis; caulibus 2 — 3-phyllis, foliis oblongis 
coriaceis, racemo laxo multifloro terminali, sepalis 
lanceolatis acuminatis, petalis ovato-lanceolatis acu- 
minatis, labello ovato subunguiculato medio longitu- 
dinaliter lamellato. 

Barkeria spectabilis. Batem. Orch. of Guatem. and Mex. 
t. 33. 

For the opportunity of figuring this lovely plant, as 
well as the L^elia superbiens of the present number, I am in- 
debted to the kindness of Mrs. VVray, in whose collection, 
and that of the Horticultural Society at Chiswick, it has 


„ * So named in the " Floral Cabinet" of Messrs. Knowles and 
Westcott, in compliment to George Barker, Esq., of Birmingham, a 
v 'ery distinguished and successful cultivator of Orchidaceous plants. 

been, as far as I am aware, alone known to produce its 
lovely and most delicate blossoms ; cc the secret" as Mr. 
Bateman observes, " of its success with Mrs. Wray being, 
obviously, the comparatively moderate temperature main- 
tained in her stove, and which appears to be exactly 
adapted to the OrchidacEjE of the more elevated districts of 
Guatemala." Baskets filled with moss, or blocks of wood, 
are found to be most congenial to the roots of Barreria ; 
— in peat, continues Mr. Bateman, they perish directly. 

Descr. Stems, rather than pseudo-bulbs, four to six 
inches high, cylindrical, almost as thick as the little finger, 
somewhat broader upwards, and there producing two or 
three alternate, oblong, coriaceous, dark-green leaves. Pe- 
duncle terminal, with a long, brown, sheathing scale at the 
base, eight to ten inches or more high, bearing seven to 
nine large flowers, of great delicacy of colour and texture. 
Sepals spreading, all pointing upwards, lanceolate, acumi- 
nate, lilac slightly marked with darker spots. Petals ovato- 
lanceolate, acuminate, of the same colour as, and slightly 
spotted like, the sepals. Lip large, bent down, clawed at 
the base, ovate-acuminate, waved, yellowish, spotted and 
tipped with purple, bearing three elevated plates or lamellae 
on the disk. Column club-shaped, bent down, as it were, 
and applied to the disk of the column, deep lilac with 
darker dots. Anther-case small, operculiform. Pollen- 
masses four, caudiculate. 

Fig. 1. Column. 2. Pollen-masses ; — magnified. 


( 4095 ) 
Loasa Pentlandii. Mr. Pentland's 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Loase^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cali/cis tubus ovario adherens, limbus persistens 5-par- 
titus sequalis. Petala 5 lobis calycis alterna breviter 
ungniculato concava. Squama 5 petaloideaa petalis alterna 
bi-, aut triloba? in conum conniventes etbasi intus filament is 
2 sterilibus instructs. Stamina oo, exteriora 10 sterilia 
caeterain phalanges 15 — 17-andras petalis oppositas dispo- 
sita: antheris erectis bilocularibus. Sti/lus apice trifidus 
Capsula turbinato-oblonga 1-locularis apice 3-valvis calyce 
coronata, valvis margine placentiferis, placentis ideo cum 
vicina continuis. Semina ovalia creberrima reticulata. — 
Herbae ramosce plerumque piloso-prurientes interdum scan- 
denies. Folia alterna aut opposita dentata aut lobata. 
Pedunculi oppositifolii axillares aut terminates l-Jlori. 
Vetnl&Jlava, rarissime alba. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Loasa Pentlandii ; foliis oppositis elongatis pinnatifidis, 
calycis lobis pinnatifidis, appendicibus duabus cla- 
vato-filiformibus ad apicem petalorum minorum, stylo 
trialato, disco epigyno lobato, fructu turbinato recto. 

Loasa Pentlandii. Paxton's Mag. Feb. 1842. 

This handsome plant flowered both in the Royal Botanic 
Garden, Edinburgh, and in the garden of the Caledonian 
Horticultural Society, in May and June, 1843, having 
been received from Melville Castle, from whence many 


new or rare plants, sent to the exhibition of the Society, 
have attracted much notice and commendation. It is a 
native of Peru. 

Descr. Stem (three feet and a half high) subligneous, slender, 
branched, joints slightly swollen ; cuticle white, cracked, exfoliating at 
the base : brandies erect, but, as well as the stem, requiring support. 
Leaves opposite, petioled, suberect; lamina (four inches long, one 
broad) deeply pinnatifid, dark and rugose above, paler and strongly 
veined below, having on both sides long, stinging hairs, rising from 
large glands, and short, somewhat roughened hairs on smaller glands, 
the former most numerous on the upper, the latter only crowded on 
the lower side; segments ovate, blunt, lobed, more and more distant 
and less and less connected downwards, till they nearly separate into 
distinct pinnae ; petiole about half the length of the lamina. Peduncles 
(four inches long) round, erect, axillary, solitary, alternate. Calyx- 
tube turbinate, adherent, short, having ten prominent, straight, longitu- 
dinal ribs ; limb rather longer than the tube, reflexed before the flower- 
bud has attained its full size, segments acute, slender, pinnatifid. 
Corolla (fully two inches across, when expanded) spreading, but not 
reflexed; petals ten, alternately large and small, the larger (one inch 
long, and as much broad) alternate with the calyx-segments, and four 
times as long as them, of nearly uniform orange colour on both sides, 
scarcely clawed, obovato-rotund, boat-shaped in the centre, with broad 
spreading sides, which are reflexed in the two lower thirds, much veined, 
the veins chiefly in three loose fasciculi placed in the centre, and where 
the sides are reflexed; the outside, like the stem, peduncle, and calyx, 
having both the forms of hairs found on the leaves, the inner side sub- 
glabrous, and having the small hairs only : the smaller petals opposite 
the calyx-segments, and scarcely as long as them, cucullate, cartila- 
ginous at the base, colourless, nectariferous, having two slender, orange- 
coloured threads near the apex. Stamens very numerous, inserted 
along with the petals, two, which are abortive, arising within each of 
the shorter petals, twice as long as them, subulate, free, and having 
concave, crescent-shaped appendages at the base, reflexed into the 
shorter petals ; — the other stamens are fertile, and collected in fasciculi 
in front of, and half the length of the larger petals, free to the base ; 
filaments colourless, slightly tapering upwards ; anthers yellow, pollen 
granules minute, colourless, connected by threads. Pistil shorter than 
the stamens ; stigma extended in three narrow lines along the apex of 
the style ; style only fully developed after impregnation, its apex pris- 
matic, with three very prominent angles or wings; germen top- 
shaped, with ten prominent, straight, vertical nerves, unilocular, and 
covered on the top with a large, green, five-lobed, bifid disk; placenta 
three, parietal, large and bifid, covered with very numerous small 
ovula. — Graham. 

Fig. 1. Calyx and Pistil. 2. Side, and 3, Front View of the floral 
appendages '.—magnified. 


( 4096 ) 
Nephelium Longan. Longan. 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Sapindace^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 5-dentatus. Petala 5 medio intus subvillosa, re- 
flexa. Stamina 6 — 8. Ovarium didy mum. Stylus I. Stig- 
mata 2. Carpella 2, indehiscentia, 1-locularia, intus pulposa, 
uno saepe abortivo, altero superstite sphaerico coriaceo. 
Semen I. Cotyledones crassae saepe conferruminatae. — Arbo- 
ws, foliis pinnatis, fructuum pulpa scepius eduli. De Cand. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Nephelium* Longan; foliolis 2 — 5-jugis subcoriaceis inte- 
gerrimis nitidis subtus glaucescentibus, panicnla laxa 
terminal^ calyce profunde 5-partito, petalis 5 oblongo- 
lanceolatis vix calycem superantibus patentibus esqua- 
matis, stam. 6 — 8 filamentis pilosis, ovario 2 — 3-lobo 
globoso., fruetibus solitariis v. binis globosis subtubei - 
culatim rugosis. 
Nephelium Longana. Cambess. in Mem. Mus. v. 18. p. 30. 

Wight et Am. Prodr. Ft. Penins. Ins. Or. p. 113. 
Euphoria Longana. Lam. Diet. De Cand. Prodr. 1. p. 
611. Spreng. Syst. Veget. 2. p. 222. Lindl. Bot. Reg. 
t. 1729. 
Scytalia Longan. Roxb. Fl. lnd. 2. p. 210. 
Dimocarpus Longan. Lour. — Hort. Soc. Trans, v. 2. 

Nephelium Bengalense. G. Don, Diet. Bot. 8$ Gard. I. p. 


* One of the names given to the Burdock, by the ancients, and the fruit 
of this has some resemblance to the capitulum or head of a Burdock. 

This is one of the many fruits of China which one often 
reads of, but which is seldom indeed seen in Europe, yet 
said to be eaten to a great extent, and ranking, with the 
Litchi, among the best fruits of the celestial empire. A 
fine cluster of this, represented in the Transactions of the 
Horticultural Society, above quoted, ripened at Lee Castle, 
Kidderminster, in 1816. For the flower and fruit here 
represented, I am indebted to Dr. Graham, who sent them 
from the Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, in 1841 ; together 
with the following account. 

This plant flowered abundantly in the Royal Botanic 
Garden in May and June, 1841 ; but, though many fruits 
formed, they all soon dropped off. 

Descr. Trunk erect, branched, bark grey. Leaves scat- 
tered, abruptly pinnate ; common petiole (nine inches long) 
swollen at the base, nearly round, slightly scabrous, pale- 
brown, glaucous at its origin ; pumce (four inches long, one 
and a half broad) in five pairs, unequal at the base, coria- 
ceous, pale green, shining and glabrous above, paler and 
slightly scabrous below ; middle rib and oblique parallel 
lateral veins prominent below, flat above, reticulation ob- 
scure. Panicle large, terminal ; rachis and its branches 
covered with soft, short pubescence. Bracts minute, de- 
ciduous. Flowers perfumed, shortly pedicellate. Calyx 
five-partite, covered on both sides as well as the pedicels 
with pubescence similar to that on the rachis ; segments 
ovate, concave, undulate. Petals five, about equal to the 
length of the calyx, spathulate, reflexed between the sepals, 
pubescent on both sides. Disk large, pubescent, flattened, 
lobed, covering the origin of the petals. Stamens eight, 
arising from the upper part of the disk near its centre, 
rather longer than the calyx ; filaments subulate, spread- 
ing, slightly hairy ; anthers ovato-oblong, attached by 
the back, near the base; lobes slightly divaricated at the 
base ; pollen abundant, granules minute. Pistil pubescent, 
shorter than the stamens, in many of the flowers abortive 
early ; germen two to four-lobed, shortly stipitate, attached 
to the sides of the thickened style, lobes compressed late- 
rally, rounded on the back, each with one ascending ovule; 
Stigma two to four-lobed, diverging. Every part of the 
flower is pale yellow,— the disk the darkest —Graham. 

K Fits A ,/,/> 

Cartir ObtxaarDod A'ssex ■ fa 

( 4097 ) 


Indian Cress, or Nasturtium. 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Trop^ole^;. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 5-partitus, lobo superiore calcarato. Petala b 
inaequalia, 3 inferiora minora aut evanida. Stamina 8 ab 
ipsa basi libera. Carpella 3 suberosa reiiiformia indehis- 
centia. Semina magna exalbuminosa. Embryo magnus; 
cotyledon i bus 2 rectis crassis. De Cand. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Trop^eolum Lobbianum; foliis orbicularis obscure lobatis 
peltatis (lobis mucronulatis) subtus glaucis cauleque 
scandente, petiolis pedunculisque pilosis, petalis caly- 
cem attenuato-calcaratum pilosum superantibus, peta- 
lis obovatis, 2 superioribus integerrhnis sublobatis, 3 
inferioribus minoribus grosse deutatis inferne fimbria- 
tis longe unguiculatis. 

Tropeolum Lobbianum. Hort. Veitch. 

A very desirable new species of Indian Cress, which 
justly bears the name here given to it by one of our most 
distinguished and liberal cultivators, Mr. Veitch of the 
Nursery, Exeter. It was detected by his collector, Mr. 
Lobb, in Columbia, and sent home in the early part of 
1843, and bore its handsome and bright-colored flowers in 
November of the same year. Framed upon those wire 
trellises, which are now so commonly fixed to garden pots, 
it makes a charming appearance with its delicate leaves 
and bright flame-colored flowers. 



Descr. Stem herbaceous, twining, hairy, as is almost 
every part of the plant, except the upper side of the leaves 
and the petals. Leaves on very long flexuose footstalks, 
orbicular, obscurely lobed, peltate, the lobes with a soft 
mucro at their apex. Ferns radiating. Peduncles axillary, 
very long, flexuose, and apparently climbing. Calyx 
deeply cut into five, ovato-oblong, erect segments ; its base 
prolonged behind into a broadly-subulate, nearly straight 
spur, tipped with green, and thrice the length of the calyx. 
Petals five, orange red ; the two upper ones large, broadly 
obovate, obscurely three-lobed at the apex ; three lower 
ones much smaller, nearly of the same shape, but upon 
long claws ; the lamina deeply and coarsely toothed ; its 
lower part, and the upper portion of the claws, fringed at 
the margin. 

Fig. 1. One of the upper Petals. 2. One of the lower ones; — magnified. 

V S. <brh ■ ,-/ y i 

( 4098 ) 

Umbilicus malacophyllus. Soft-leaved 

Class and Order. 
Decandria Pentagynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Crassulace^r. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 5-partitus. Corolla gamopetala campanulata 
5-fida, lobis ovatis acutis erectis tubi circiter longitudine. 
Stamina 10 corolla? inserta. Squamce 5 obtusae. Carpella 
5 apice attenuata, stylis subulatis. — Herbae Europe austra- 
lis aul orientalis indigence. Folia rosulata aut alterna in- 
tegerrima aut subdentata. Flores albidi aut flavi, rarnosi 
nee cymosi. De Cand. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Umbilicus malachophyllus ; foliis arete dense rosulatis obo- 
vatis, spica terminali densissima cylindracea, bracteis 
oblongis longitudine flornm sessiliuin patentium. 

Umbilicus malachophyllus. De Cand. Prodr. 3. p. 400. 

Cotyledon malachophyllus. Pall It. 

A very remarkable succulent plant, native of mountain 
rocks in Dahuria, and well calculated for cultivation in a 
dry, stony soil, or upon rock-work. It has been for some 
years grown in the Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew, in the 
open border. 

Descr. Leaves rosulate, spreading', but so crowded and 
imbricated that, though they spring from a short stem, 
they appear to the eye to be radical. They are broadly 
obovate in form, obtuse, yet subapiculate, thick and fleshy, 
green tinged with purple. From the summit of this short, 
thickly foliaged stein, arises the long, sessile, thick, cylin- 

drical spike, six inches high, formed of a dense mass of 
sessile, or nearly sessile, spreading flowers, each subtended 
by an oblong, leaf-like, small bractea, equal in length to 
the flower. Calyx deeply cut into five, oblong, acute 
segments, little more than half the length of the flower. 
Corolla campanulate, cleft one-third of the way down, into 
five ovate, acute, nearly erect segments. . Stamens ten, 
arising from the base of the corolla, equal in length, 
included, five opposite to, and five alternate with, the 
segments of the corolla. Pistils five. Germens erect, 
ovate, united at the base into a short stipes, each is termi- 
nated above by a rather short, subulate style. Stigma a 
mere point. 

Fig. 1. Flower and Bracteas. 2. Flower, laid open, so as to show the 
Stamen and Pistils : — magnified. 

\ - 

■//>:>: i 


. flt/y / /!7/ 

( 4099 ) 


Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala explanata, lanceolata, aequalia. Petala majora, 
paulo difformia, carnosa, explanata. Labellum posticum, 
3-partitum, lamellatum, circa columnam convolutum. Co- 
lumna aptera, carnosa., antice canaliculata. Anthera oper- 
cularis. Pollinia 8, caudiculis quatuor elasticis. — Herbs 
epiphytce, rhizomate pseudo -bolbophoro. Folia carnosa. 
Scapi terminates, pauci- vel multiflori. Flores speciosi, odo- 
rati. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

L^elia pedunculata; pseudobulbis ovatis compressis, folio 
oblongo obtuso scapo tereti vaginato breviore co- 
rymbo sub-4-floro., bracteis pedunculo pluries brevi- 
oribus, sepalis lanceolatis obtusis pedunculo breviori- 
bus, petalis ovato-ellipticis obtusis planiusculis, labelli 
lobis lateralibus snbrotundatis intermedio oblongo 
apice rotundato undulato multo brevioribus lineis dua- 
bus elevatis. 

L^elia pedunculata. LindL Bot. Reg. 1842. Misc. p. 9. 

Notwithstanding some slight differences in the character, 
I am still of opinion that this pretty L^elia is the L. pedun- 
cularis of Dr. Lindley in the place just quoted, who notices 
its affinity with L. rubescens and L. acuminata. Our plant 
is among the rich collection from Woburn, presented by 
Her Majesty to the Royal Botanic Gardens, and had been 


sent to Woburn from Guatemala by Mr. Skinner. It (low- 
ered during the autumn of 1843. 

Descr. Pseudo-bulbs ovate, compressed, obscurely fur- 
rowed near the margin, more or less sheathed with large 
brown scales at the base, and bearing a single, oblong, 
obtuse, thick, coriaceous leaf at the extremity. From the 
base of this leaf the peduncle arises, a span to nearly a foot 
high, slender, articulated and sheathed at the articulations, 
five- or six-flowered at the top. Flowers rather small, deli- 
cate lilac-rose colour, with a deep purple eye in the centre 
of the lip. Sepals spreading, equal, lanceolate. Petals resem- 
bling them, but larger and broader. Lip standing forward, 
lilac, about equal in length with the sepals and petals, 
oblong, three-lobed, tapering at the base, with the sides 
there inflected, so as to embrace the column : the lateral 
lobes acute, spreading ; the middle lobe ovate, oblong, 
obtuse, even retuse at the apex, waved and striated : the 
disk towards the base is marked with an elevated and stri- 
ated, broad line, and the colour is deep purple. Column 
rather short, semicylindrical, dark red purple, especially in 
front. Anther-case hemispherical. 

Fig. 1. Lip with the sides laid open. 2. Column j — magnified. 

two. -Ja-h- J. 7#ff 

( 4100 ) 

Begonia Meyerii. Mr. Meyer's Begonia; 
or Elephant's Ear. 

Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Begoniaceje. ) 
Generic Character. 

Masc Calyx o. Corolla polypetala, petalis plerumque 
4, iuaequalibus. Fcem. Calyx o. Corolla petalis 4—9 
plerumque inaequalibus. Styli 3 bilidi. Capsula triquetra. 
alata, trilocularis, polysperma. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Begonia Meyerii ; caule erecto elato suffruticoso, foliis 
amplis oblique hine basi auriculatis margine obsolete 
sinuatis ubique molliter cano-tomentosis, pedunculis 
elongatis longissimis pubescentibus, panicula ampla 
multiflora, fl. masc. 4-petalis, petalis 2 rotundatis 
2 quadruplo minoribus oblongis, fcem. dipetalis, petalis 
obovatis, capsula triquetria angulis lato-alatis alis 

Begonia Meyerii. " Hort. Berol." 

Of this fine species of Begonia received from the Berlin 
Garden, I regret I know nothing concerning 1 the history ; 
nor of what country it is a native; nor can I find it any- 
where described. It is given in Steudei/s c ' Nomenclator," 
ed. 2, as of the "Hort. Berol." It flowers during the 
spring and summer. 

Descr. A handsome, tall-growing species, with erect, 
branching, stout, and almost woody stems, marked with 
the broad scars from the petioles of fallen leaves. Leaves 
large, broadly and obliquely ovate, rather thick and fleshy, 
with an auricle on one side at the base, pale green, more 


or less tinged with red, the margin waved and subsinuate, 
the whole upper and under surface and thickened 
petioles covered with a short and compact, hoary pu- 
bescence, or woolly substance. Peduncle very long, axil- 
lary, tinged with red, downy, bearing a somewhat close 
many-flowered panicle of large, handsome, white flowers. 
Male blossoms with four petals; two opposite ones large 
and almost orbicular, the two others small and oblong, all 
of them spreading. Female flowers of two rather large, 
spreading, obovate, white petals. Germen obovate, tri- 
quetrous, pale green, the angles furnished each with a 
broad white wing, all of about the same size. Stamens 
and style and stigmas as in the Genus. 

Fig. 1, Section of an immature Fruit : — magnified. 

SUt tm 

( 4101 ) 

Eriostemon buxifolium. Box-leaved 

Class and Order. 
Decandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Rutaceje. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 5-partitus. Petala 5. Stamina 10, filamentis 
hispidis ciliatis aut nudis, antheris terminalibus. Stylus 
1, brevissimus. Carpella 5 basi coalita. Semina in loculis 
2 aut abortu solitaria. Embryo subcurvatus, radicula 
longa. — Frutices vel Arbores, joliis alternis simplicibus. 
jloribus axillaribus. De Cand. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Eriostemon buxifolium ; foliis patentibus subreflexis ovatis 
obtusis cum mucrone sessilibus, floribus axillaribus 
solitariis brevi-pedunculatis, pedunculo infra medium 
3-bracteato, calycis brevis lobis 5 acutis, petalis 
oblongo-ovatis, filamentis pilosis. 

Eriostemon buxifolium. Sm. in Rees' Cycl. De Cand. 
Prodr. I. p. 720. 

An extremely handsome shrub, native of New Holland, 
bearing its large, showy flowers early in the spring, when 
so many other Australian plants are in perfection; it 
deserves a place in every greenhouse. 

Descr. A moderately-sized shrub, with young branches 
green and terete, leafy. Leaves a good deal resembling 
those of the Box and about the same size, oval or obovate, 
dark green, obtuse, but tipped with a soft mucro at the 
apex. Peduncles short, axillary, single-flowered, with 
three bracteas in a whorl below the middle. Calyx short, 


cut about half way down into five broad and acute lobes. 
Stamens ten, inserted below the fleshy ring or disk, 
alternately longer. Filaments broad, erect, but slightly 
incurved. Anthers short, roundish, each tipped with a soft 
mucro. Ovary small, almost conical, striated, sunk into a 
double fleshy annulus or disk. Fruit unknown to me. 

Fig. 1. Flower and Flower-stalk, the Petals being removed. 2. Calyx 
and Pistil, with the double ring or annulus at the base. 3. Vertical 
section of the same. 4. Stamen : — all magnified. 

( 4102 ) 


Class and Order. 
Tetrandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Proteace*:. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium 4-partitum v. quadrifidum. Stamina apici- 
bus concavis laciuiarum immersa. Squamulce hypogynte 4. 
Ovarium triloculare, loculis monospennis. Folliculus lig- 
neus: Dissepimento libero, bifido. Receptaculum com- 
mune planum, floribus indeterminatim confertis; paleis 
confertis, raro nullis. Involucrum commune imbricatum. — 
Frutices plerumque humiles. Rami durn adsint sparsi vel 
umbellati. Folia sparsa, pinnatifida v. incisa, plantce juve- 
nilis conformia. Involucra solitaria, terminalia raro late- 
ralia, sessilia^ foliis confertis, interioris quandoque nanis 
obvallata, hemisphcerica, bracteis adpressis, in quibusdam 
apiceappendiculatis. Stylus scepe per ianthiovix longior. Br. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Dryandra formosa; foliis elongato-linearibus pinnatifidis, 
lobis scaleno-triangularibus muticis plauis subttis ni- 
veis, involucris tomentosis, bracteis interioribus line- 
ari-oblongis, receptaculo paleaceo. Br. 

Dryandra formosa. Br. in Linn. Trans, v. 10. p. 213. t. 
3. Prodr. Nov. HolL p. 397. 

Mr. Brown detected this noble and handsome species of 
Dryandra in Lewin's Land, on the South shores of Austra- 
lia, growing in sterile places, and deemed it worthy of a 
figure from the pencil of Mr. Bauer, which was published 
"* the Lmnaean Transactions above quoted. The plant 
from which our figure was taken is a tree about fourteen 
feet high, raised from seeds sent home by Mr. Baxter from 


vol. xvii. L 

South-west Australia, and which, during the spring and 
summer months, is richly studded by the orange-yellow 
flowers, arising from the copious, short branches, and back- 
ed by the dark-green foliage, which spreads in a stellated 
manner all around them. This is one of the many noble 
Proteace^e which forms so striking a feature in the Royal 
Botanic Gardens of Kew, and to which those recently sent 
over by Mr. Drummond from the Swan River constitute so 
valuable an addition. 

Descr. A tree, with a crooked trunk, and clothed with 
spreading, much divided branches almost to the base. 
Leaves copious on the short branchlets, spreading, four to 
six inches long, harsh, rigid, subcoriaceous, linear-elon- 
gate, pinnatifid for two-thirds of the way to the costa, the 
segments acute, triangular, but unequally so, the upper 
side being generally nearly at right angles with the costa, 
dark-green above, almost glossy, white with short down 
beneath. Heads of flowers nestled among the leaves at the 
apex of the short branches, sessile, rather large, globose, of 
a yellow-orange colour, but not very bright. Involucre of 
many oblong, recurved scales. Receptacle with copious, 
linear scales and hairs. Perianth villous, especially below, 
cut almost to the base into four extremely narrow, linear 
segments, spathulateat the apex and concave, in which the 
linear anther is lodged on a very short filament. Style 
longer than the perianth. Stigma clubbed, slightly hairy. 

Fig. 1. Flower: — magnified. 

( 4103 ) 


Class and Order. 

Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide*:. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala patentia libera; lateralia basi aequali, saepius bre- 
viora. Petala patentia, linearia v. filiformia. Labellum 
patentissimurn, cum columna angulum rectum formans, 
basi excavatum, sagittatum v. auriculatum, integerrimum 
v. dentatum, tuberculis nullis. Columna minima, raro 
paululum elongata, apice dentibus s. auribus duabus in- 
structa. Anthera bilocularis. Pollinia 4, collateralia. — 
HerbaBterrestrest?. epiphytae habitu Liparis, foliis plicatisv. 
membranaceis basi raro incrassatis. Flores herbacei, nunc 
Jlavescentes v. discolor es. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Microstylis* histionantha ; pseudobulbis ovatis vaginatis 
diphyllis, foliis lato-ovatis acutis membranaceis, vagi- 
nis elongatis scapi angulati basin involventibus, flori- 
bus depresso-corymbosis, sepalis oblongis deflexis an- 
ticis basi coadunatis, petalis minutis linearibus revolu- 
tis, labello orbiculari obtuso. 

Microstylis histionantha. Link, Klotzch el Otto, Ic, PI. Rar. 
Hort. Berol. l.p.W.t.b. 

Malaxis Parthoni ? Morren, sur une Nouv. Esp. de Ma- 
laxis in v. 5. n. 8 des Bull, de I' Acad. Roy. de Brux. 
cum Ic. 

A very remarkable terrestrial Orchideous plant, purchased 
at a sale of Columbian plants in London, in 1842. It 


So named by Swartz from the small style or column. 

flowered in the stove of the Regent's Park Botanic Gardens, 
whence a beautiful drawing was sent to us by Mr. J. D. 
Sowerby, in November, 1843, shortly after which it 
flowered at Kew. It is remarkable in the curious structure 
of the flowers, and in these numerous flowers all meeting 
together nearly at the same level, so as to form a slightly 
concave, even surface, with the blossoms very compactly 
arranged, but especially in the centre, while yet in the bud. 
Mr. Morren observes on the inflorescence of the same, or a 
nearly allied species, "Ce qui rend cette espece si interres- 
sante, c'est sans aucun doute son inflorescence en epideprime 
et ombilique, Si les pedoncules dans set etat de rapproche- 
ment se soudaient on obtiendrait evidemment le phoranthe 
du Dorstenia, dont l'organagenesie morpbologique a ete 
ramenee depuis long-temps a la sertule on a l'ombelle 
simple. La Malaxis Parthoni prouve qu'on arriverait 
au phoranthe du Dorstenia et de la Figue tout aussi bien 
par l'epi." — Our species seems to differ from that of Mr. 
Morren by the form of the lip, and equally so from the 
Microst. excavata of Dr. Lindley, mentioned in the Bot. 
Reg. 1838, App. n. 93. 

Descr. From a broad, ovate or rounded tuber arise two 
leaves, ovate and membranaceous, with their sheathing bases 
forming a long tube around the base of the much angled 
scape. Flowers brownish-green, arranged in a very 
compact, concave umbel, gradually opening from the 
circumference to the centre. Sepals reflexed, all oblong, 
the two front ones co-adnate, especially at the base. Petals 
very minute, linear, revolute. Lip large, almost orbicular, 
with the sides bent back, obtuse. Column very short, with 
obtuse horns. 

Fig. 1, 2. Front and side view of a Flower. 3. Side view, with the Lip 
removed. 4. Anther-case with Pollen-masses. 5. Pollen-mass.— mag- 

W. Fir,/. ,/,/> 

Pai- fa brtis Gtazmmvtl Essex Aua* 1 'lift 

( 4104 ) 

Odontoglossum pulchellum. Elegant 

Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala lateralia, patula, libera. Lubellum planum, un- 
guiculatum, ascendens, limbo reflexo diviso dentato, apice 
angustato ; basi concavum crista bilamellata raro fimbriata 
saepius antice bidentata auctum. Columna elougata, apice 
auriculata aut aptera. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Sj/nonyms. 

Odontoglossum pulchellum ; pseudobulbis oblongis com- 
pressis ancipitibus diphyllis, foliis linearibus apice ob- 
lique emarginatis, scapo foliis aequali ancipiti debili 
apice racemifero 6 — 7-Horo, sepalis ovatis acutis, peta- 
lis obovatis acutis subundulatis, labelli trilobi laciniis 
lateralibus triangularibus intermedia oblonga subqua- 
drata apice recurva, callo baseos carnoso antrorsutn 
hippocrepisco retrorsum trilobo, columnar alis et clinan- 
drio laceris. Lindl. 

Odontoglossum pulchellum. Batem. in Lindl. Bot, Reg. 

A most delicate and elegant plant, well deserving the 
name Mr. Bateman has appropriated to it. It is a native 
of Guatemala, introduced we apprehend through the medium 
of Mr. Skinner, antf it flowered in the stove of the Royal 
Botanic Gardens of Kew, in October, 1843. 

Descr. Pseudo-bulbs clustered, oblong or ovato-oblong, 
tapering upwards, compressed at the base, having imbricated, 


lacerated scales, and above bearing two, elongated, linear 
leaves, which vary much in length on different pseudo- 
bulbs. Scape radical, generally exceeding the leaves in 
length, articulated and with bracteal scales at the joints. 
Flowers in an oblong, rather lax spike, or raceme, every 
part white, except the crest of the labellum and the anthers, 
which are yellow, the former spotted with red. Sepals and 
petals spreading, ovate or (the petals more especially) 
obovate, rather acute, waved. Labellum broadly oblong, 
acute, three-lobed, the side lobes short and reflexed, the 
middle lobe large and bent back : on the disk, at the base, 
is a large, fleshy-colored crest or excrescence, three-lobed 
at the side next the column, two-lobed at the opposite one. 
Column very short, with a wing on each side, and another 
at the back of the anther, all fimbriated or serrated at the 
apices. Anther-case hemisphaerical. Pollen-masses two, 
obovate, fixed to a rather large gland. 

Fig. 1. Flower from which the Sepals and Petals are removed. 2. 3. Pollen- 
masses : — magnified. 

( 4105 ) 



Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Lobeliace^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx 5-lobus, tubo turbinate) aut hemisphaerico. Corolla 
tubo superne seepius ventricoso, plerumque recurvo, inte- 
gro v. (rarissime) basi fisso et superne solum integro ; lobis 
5 tubo brevioribus bilabiatis falcatis, duobus superioribus 
saspe majoribus supra faucem reflexis, inferioribus subbre- 
vioribus. Stamina connata, antheris 2 inferioribus apice 
barbatis aut (rarius) omnibus hirsutis. — Frutices, suffru- 
tices, v. herba, ex America prmsertim meridionali, nonnun- 
quam scandentes, caulibus ramisque scepius erectis, foliis 
alternis aut verticillatis, pedicellis axillaribus, floribus rubris 
v. sordide albidis, corollis plerumque pubescentibus, latere 
superiore (in Lobeliis abbreviata) paulo majore. Convex- 
it as corollce sursurn spectans. De Cand. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Siphocampylus lantauifolius ; ramis inferne glabris apice 
pedicellisque velutinis, foliis ovatis acutis basi obtusis 
breviter petiolatis margine denticulatis recurvis superne 
glabris rugosis subtus fusco-tomentosis nervis eminen- 
tibus, pedicellis apice corymbosis foliis dimidio brevi- 
oribus bracteis lanceolatis hispidis longioribus, calyce 
velutino^ lobis lineari-acuminatis tubo turbinate longi- 
oribus, corolla angusta incurva subvelutina lobis acu- 
minatis, antheris glabris, 2 inferioribus apice barbatis, 
capsula decemangulari. D C. 

Siphocampylus lantanifolius, De Candolle Prodr. 7. p 

(/*•) glabriusculus ; foliis pedicellis calycibusque vix pubes- 
centibus, (Tab. nostr. 4105.) 

S. lantanifolius 

S. lantanifolius is a species of De Candolle, taken up 
from specimens collected in Caracas by M. Vargas. 
Mr. IVTKoy has obligingly sent us from Liege the plant 
here figured, under that name, and it appeared to differ in 
no respect from De Candolle's description, save in the 
very indistinct pubescence., whence I have preferred to 
consider it as a variety. It is a good looking stove plant, 
flowering in the early spring months, and is readily 
increased by cuttings. 

Descr. A rather weak-growing, but erect shrub, with 
many rounded branches, the young ones herbaceous, pubes- 
cent. Leaves on short petioles, ovato-lanceolate, acuminate, 
dentato-serrate at the margins, from the apex almost to 
the very base somewhat wrinkled above, beneath slightly 
downy, with prominent veins. The striking peculiarity in 
this plant is in the inflorescence which constitutes a rnany- 
flowered corymbose raceme. Pedicels elongated, slender, 
each subtended by a linear-lanceolate bractea, much 
shorter than the pedicel. Calyx-tube short, turbinate, 
sulcated ; the limb of five erecto-patent, broadly-subulate 
segments. Corolla four or five times as long as the calyx, 
tubular, curved, laterally compressed, constricted above 
the base, the limb two-lipped, the lower one cut into three, 
reflexed, linear-acute segments, the upper into two straight 
ones. Anthers a little longer than the corolla, but slightly 
protruded beyond the upper lip. 

Fig. 1. Anthers and Stigma: — magnified. 

( 4106 ) 


Class and Order. 

Pentandria Digynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — AscLEPUDEiE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx alte 5-partitus, sepalis ovatis, parvis, patulis. Co- 
rolla alte 5-partita, laciniis praefloratione valvata, primo 
patulis dein refractis. Corona staminea summo gynostegio 
imposita, 5-phylla, foliolis cucullatis, cucullis ovatis v. 
superne dilatatis, semper e fundo processum aversum eorni- 
formem stigrnati incurvum ernittentibus. Antherce mem- 
brana terminatae. Masses pollinis compressae, apice atten- 
uato affixae, pendulae. Stigma depressum, muticum. Fol- 
liculi pergamacei, laeves v. ramentacei v. spinis innocuis 
onusti. Semina coinosa. — Herbae perennes Americana pra- 
cipue Am. Sept. Folia opposita, verticillata, raro alterna ; 
umbellae interpetiolares. DC. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Asclepias vestita; caule herbaceo ramoso crasso hirsuto, 
foliis oppositis sessilibus lato-ellipticis subcordatis cori- 
aceis glabris mucronatis, pedunculis intra-axillaribus 
crassis longitudine foliorum pedicellis floribusque 
erectis hirsutis, umbellis multifloris densis hemisphaer- 
icis, corollas lobis reflexis, cucullis caruosis truncatis 
subcylindraceo-ventricosis processu corniformi nullo. 

A now and well-marked species of Asclepias, for a 
knowledge of which we are indebted to Mr. Veitch of 
Exeter. He received seeds of it, we believe, from the 
southern states of North America, and reared it in the 
greenhouse, where it flowered in October, 1843. It is 


distinguished from all the other species with which I 
am acquainted by the thick and very hairy stems and 
peduncles, by the peculiar form of the cuculli or leaflets of 
the staminal crown, and by the absence of the horn-like 
processes so common within the cucullus in other species 
of the Genus. 

Descr. Herbaceous, perennial. Stems straight, erect or 
declined, terete, very hairy. Leaves opposite, sessile, 
broadly elliptical, coriaceous, glabrous, mucronate. Pe- 
duncles solitary, intra-petiolary, about equal in length with 
the leaves, bearing a dense hemisphaerical umbel of 
numerous, rather large flowers. Pedicels slender, hairy. 
Buds purple. Calyx and corolla yellow-green, the latter 
with the segments reflex ed. Cuculli or leaflets of the 
staminal crown, with their margins meeting together so as 
each to form a ventricose cylinder, truncated at the apex, 
quite destitute of horn-like process within. Anthers with 
the appendage incurved : at their base is an orange ring. 
Pistils two. 

Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Stamens. 3. Leaflet (cucullus) of the staminal 
crown. 4. Inside view of an Anther : — magnified. 

( 4107 ) 

Epidendrum vitellinum. Yolk-of-Egg 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^e. ) 
Generic Character. 

Sepala patentia, aequalia. Petala sepalis aequalia, v. 
angustiora, rarius latiora, patentia v. reflexa. Labellum 
cum marginibus columnae omnino v. in parte connatum, 
limbo integro v. diviso, disco saspius calloso costato v. 
tuberculato. Columna elongata : clinandrio marginato, 
saepe fimbriato. Anthera carnosa, 2 — 4-locularis. Pollinia 
4, caudiculis totidem replicatis annexa. — Herbae (Ameri- 
cans) epiphytal, caule nunc apice v. basi pseudobulboso . 
nunc elongato apice folioso. Folia carnosa ; rarissime venis 
elevatis striata. Flores spicati, racemosi, corymbosi v. pani- 
culati, terminates v. laterales. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Epidendrum vitellinum; pseudobulbis ovatis acuminatis di- 
phyllis, foliis oblongo-ligulatis acutis basi vaginanti- 
bus racemo terminal! erecto multifloro brevioribus, 
sepalis petal isque ovato-lanceolatis acutis subaequa- 
libus patulis, labello lineari apice angustato abrupte 
acuto basi calloso et bifoveato semilibero. Lindl. 

Epidendrum vitellinum. Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orchid, p. 97. 
Bat. Reg. 1840,*. 35. 

Fine pseudo-bulbs of this highly ornamental species were 
received from Robert Smith, Esq., of Oaxaca, Mexico, 
which blossomed in the Royal Botanic Gardens of Kew, 
»n November, 1843. Karwinski and Hartweg had pre- 
viously gathered it in the same country, the latter on the 


Cumbre of Tetontepeque, at an elevation of 9,000 feet 
above the level of the sea : but this latter plant is mentioned 
by Dr. Lindley as producing- flowers thrice as large as 
those figured in the Botanical Register, and which are 
about the same as those borne by our plant. Our plant, 
however, differs from the figure last quoted in the pale, 
almost yellow color of the labelluin and column. 

Descr. The pseudo-bulbs are clustered, oblong-acumi- 
nate, compressed, more or less sheathed with scales at the 
base, especially when young, bearing from the apex two 
or three oblong-ligulate, somewhat coriaceous and sub- 
glaucous, obtuse leaves. Scape also from the apex of the 
bulb between the leaves, about a foot high, bearing a 
raceme of rich and rather large orange-colored flowers, 
which retain their beauty for many days, I might almost 
say weeks, in succession. The sepals and petals nearly 
equal, all spreading, oblong, acute, the petals rather 
broader, especially upwards. Labellum oblong, deflexed 
rather acute, with two oblong depressions at the base, 
yellow. Column also yellow, semi-terete. Anther-case 
sunk in the clinandrium at the top of the column. Pollen- 
masses four. 

Fig. 1. Column and Lip. 2. 3. Pollen -masses:— magnified. 

* ,M 

( 4108 ) 
Saccolabium guttatum. Spotted Sacco- 

**&fcfck* t % 1 1 * * *>** % &%* 

Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Orchide>e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium explanatum, patens. Sepala petalis aequa- 
lia, lateralia saepius majora. Labellum indivisum, calcara- 
tuna, basi columnae accretum. Columna erecta, semiteres, 
rostelli subulato. Antherce semibilocularis. Pollinia 2, 
subglobosa, caudicula elongata, glandula minuta. — Herbae 
epiphytal, (India? Orientalis), caulescentes. Folia disticha, 
coriacea, apice scepius obliqua. Flores axillares, racemosi 
v. solitarii. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Saccolabium * guttatum; foliis longis canaliculars insequa- 
liter truncatis arcnatis racemis cylindraceis densifloris 
arcuatis Eequalibus, sepalis ovatis, petalis duploangus- 
tioribus, labelli calcare compresso truncato-conico 
intus pubescente, lamina lauceolata inflexa dorso sub- 
costata, capsulis oblongis hexagonis. Lindl. 

Saccolabium guttatum. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. n. 7308. 
Gen. et Sp. Orchid, p. 220. 

Saccanthus guttatus. Lindl. Bot. Reg. t. 1443. 

Aerides guttatum. " Roxb. MSS." 

Aerides retusum. Sic. in Schrad. Diar. 1799. p. 233. 
Willd. Sp. PL 4. p. 130. Spr. Syst. Veget. 3. p. 719. 

Limodorum retusum. Sw. Nov. Act. Mps. 6. 80. 

Epidendrum retusum. Linn. Sp. PI. p. 1351. 

Anajeli-maravara. Rheede, Malab. 12. /. J. 


* So named by Blume from saccus, a bag, and labium, a lip ; in 
allusion to the pouch of the labellum. 

Dr. Lindley has justly remarked of this plant, " species 
pulchrior omnibus." Nothing can exceed the delicacy 
and texture of the racemes of flowers : and Dr. Roxburgh 
observes, that they are not inferior in beauty to any in 
the whole tribe of Orchide^;. It is a native of the East 
Indies, and it appears to have first blossomed in Europe in 
the Kew Gardens in 1820. The plant flowers in the spring 
months, continuing long in perfection. Our figure was 
drawn in May, 1843. It is cultivated on a portion of 
the branch of a tree, to which the roots cling sufficiently 
to give it support. 

Descr. Stem short and clothed with long, strap-shaped, 
channelled, distichous leaves, singularly obliquely truncate, 
and, as it were, erose at the extremity. Raceme from the 
axil of one of the leaves, sometimes nearly a foot long, 
clothed with delicate, white Jlowers, spotted with purple, 
forming a dense, cylindrical mass around the rachis. 
Calyx with the upper sepal oval, the two lateral ones 
broadly, almost rotundato-ovate. Lip ovato-oblong, suba- 
cuminate, furnished at the base with a hollow, cylindrical, 
saccate, blunt spur or pouch. Column short. Pollen- 
mjasses with a long, tapering caudicula, and a small 
gland at its base. 

Fig. 1. Front view of a Flower. 2. Side view of the Column and Lip* 
3. Pollen-masses : — magnified. 

I'ub bu s. c 

( 4109 ) 
Miltonia Clowesii. Mr. Clowes' 



Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^s. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium explanatum, petalis revolutis sepalisque 
lateralibus basi connatis sessilibus conformibus. Labellum 
maximum, dilatatum, indivisum, sessile, cum columna laevi- 
ter connatuin, basi larnellatum. Columna nana, semiteres, 
apice aurita. Pollinia %, caudiculae oblongae adnata. — 
Herbae epiphytce, pseudo-bulbosm . Scapi unijiori, vaginati, 
squamis equitantibus. Flores speciosissimi. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Miltonia* Clowesii; pseudobulbis ovalibus diphyllis, t'oliis 
ensiformibus angustiserectis scapo longioribus, racemo 
paucifloro iaxo, bracteis minimis setaceis, sepalis peta- 
lisque lanceolatis aequalibus, labelli cordati in medio 
constricti apice subrotundo acuto basi lamellis 5 inae- 
qualibus abruptis quincnncialibus aucta. Lindl. 

Miltonia Clowesii. Lindl. Sertum Orchid. 

Odontoglossum Clowesii. Bot. Reg. 1839, Misc. n. 152. 

A very beautiful Orchidaceous plant, detected by Mr. 
Gardner in the Organ Mountains (No. 669 of his Herb. 
Brazil), and of which living specimens were also sent by 
™ to this country. It first flowered with the Rev. John 
Clowes, at Broughton Hall, in 1839; and from that 


* So named by Professor Lindley, in compliment to the Right Honor- 
*We Lord Fitzwilliam, a distinguished and scientific cultivator of plants. 

specimen, Dr. Lindley's figure is given in his splendid 
"Sertum Orchidaceum." With us it has blossomed in 
Kew Gardens, and the accompanying drawing was made 
in October, 1843. 

Descr. Pseudo-bulbs clustered, ovato-oblong, com- 
pressed, smooth, more or less scaly, and somewhat leafy at 
the base, bearing two, nearly loriform, subacuminate leaves 
at the summit. Peduncle from the axil of a leaf, at the 
base of the bulb, a foot long, bearing three to five hand- 
some flowers. Sepals and Petals nearly equal, patent, 
lanceolate, acuminate, orange, with broad, red-brown, 
transverse bands. Labellum somewhat panduriform ; 
broad and cordate at the lower half, which is deep rich 
purple; then contracted, and again spreading into a 
roundish and acute extremity, which is white. At the 
base of the labellum, are five abrupt lamella, three long 
and two intermediate ones shorter. Column short, with a 
narrow wing on each side. 

Fig. 1. Column and base of the Lip. 2. Front view of the Column : — 

( 4110 ) 


********* %*% * % ****# *% 

Class and Order. 
Tetrandria Monogyma. 

( Nat. Ord. — Proteace^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium irregulare foliolis distinctis secundis. Sta- 
mina apicibns cavis perianthiis immersa. Glandulce hypo- 
gyna? 3, secundae. Ovarium pedicellatum, polyspernuim. 
Stylus persistens. Stigma obliquum dilatatum snbrotun- 
dum planinsculum. Folliculus ovali-oblongus. Semina 
apice alata ; ala marginata, disco evasculoso. — Frutices. 
Folia alterna, in plerisque divisa v. dentata, rarius, integer- 
rima, quandoque in eodem frutice varia. Racemi terminates, 
mterdum axiliares, elongati, laxi, nunc abbreviati, corym- 
bosi, paribus pedicellorum unibracteatis. Flores ochroleuci. 
Involucruin nullum. Seminis nucleus farina sulphurea 
conspersus. Br. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Lomatja* tinctoria; foliis pinnatifidis bipinuatifidisve (raro 
indivisis) »labris, pinnnlis linearibns distichis unirier- 
vibus subaveniis obtusiusculis mucronulatis, racemis 
elongatis glabris indivisis. Br. 

Lomatia tinctoria. Br. in Linn. Trans, v. 10./?. 199. Prodr. 
FL Nov. Holl. p. 389. 

Embothrium tinctoriiun. Labill. Nov. Holl. 1. p. 31. t. 
42, 43. 

Tricondylus tinctorius. Knight and Salisbury, Prot. 122. 

A native of Van Dieinen's Land, and introduced thence 
% the late Mr. Allan Cunningham to the Royal Gardens 


* So named by Mr. Brown from *«/*«, a border; because the seeds are 
terminated by a bordered ring. 

at Kew, where it flourishes and flowers best in a cool frame. 
The specific name was given by M. Labillardiere in con- 
sequence of the rose-coloured dye produced by the mealy 
dust, which clothes the seeds, when infused in water. It 
flowers during the summer months with us. 

Descr. This shrub is said to attain a height of five to 
six feet in its native country : with us, two to three feet 
seem to be its utmost limit, decumbent below, then erect, 
glabrous, as is the plant everywhere. Leaves petiolated, 
extremely variable in shape upon the same or upon differ- 
ent plants; pinnatifid, or bipinnatifid (rarely undivided) the 
segments linear, rather obtuse, but mucronate, all of them, 
as well as the rachis and petiole, channelled above. The 
upper part of the stem runs out into a long raceme of sul- 
phur-coloured Jlowers, tipped with green, especially in the 
bud. Pedicels solitary, or subfasciculate, scarcely an inch 
long. Perianth of four spreading, linear-spathulate, revo- 
lute sepals: the broad apices hollowed out, and containing 
each a sessile anther. Ovary stipitate, with three; glands at 
the base in front. Style shorter than the stipes, bent down 
at an angle, and dilated at the apex into the oblique 


Fig. 1. Flower : — magnified. 

C 4111 ) 


f '■» » » f * * $ • M: *i %&& * 4 .j M > 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Byttneriace*:. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx persistans venosus. Pet. 5, squamuliformia aut o. 
Ftt. plerumque basi conuata 5 aut 10. Antherce rimis late- 
ralibus dehiscentes. Ovarium 3-loculare, loculis 2— 8-ovu- 

* ' s '. ^ a P su ^ a 3-valvis, septis valvaribus, dehisc. loculicida. 
Seminum strophiola crenata. — Stipulsefoliacece persistentes. 
tolia ovata lobata utrinque tomentoso-hispida. Inflores- 
centia racemosa oppositifolia, bracteis 3-partitis. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

1 ho ma si a* stipulacea; glabra sed pi lis ferrugineis stellatis 

hispida, foliis cordatis subhastatis angulatis obtusis 
sinuatis margine recurvis, stipalis magnis foliaceis 
petiolatis cordatis subtrilobis latioribus quam longis, 
racemis secundis foliis longioribus, calyce basi hispido, 
staminibus 5 sterilibus subulatis, petalis o. Lindl. 

Thomasia stipulacea. Lindl. in Swan Riv. Bot. p. xviii. 
note (1839). 

T. macrocarpa ? Hugel in Endlich. Nov. Stirp. Decad. 

This fine species with its large purple flowers, seems 
unquestionably the T. stipulacea or Dr. Lindley's Swan 
River Botany, and it is probably the T. macrocarpa of 


* So named in compliment to the Swiss Botanists, Thomas, father and 
bosons, of Bex. 

Hugel above quoted, but there are some discrepancies in 
the description. It was raised from New Holland seeds, 
sent by Mr. Drummond, in the Royal Botanic Gardens of 
Kevv, where it bears its copious flowers in autumn. 

Descr. A small, bushy shrub, with us two to three feet 
high, much branched : the branches downy, and, as well as 
almost every part of the plant, hispid with scattered, stel- 
lated tufts of rufous, rather rigid hairs, which are often 
stipitate. Leaves petiolate, rather large, cordate, some- 
times subhastate, rigid, angled, and sinuato-dentate. 
Petioles rounded, shorter than the leaves. Stipules large, 
leafy, sessile or subpetiolate, broad, nearly cordate, and 
frequently trifid. Racemes opposite the leaves, and some- 
times longer than they. Flowers secund, large. Pedicels 
bracteated. Calyx large, coloured, purple, resembling a 
corolla, rotate, subplicate, quinquefid, the segments broadly 
ovate, acute, externally, especially near the base, stellato- 
pilose with rufous hairs, and at the base having a large 
trifid or almost tripartite, hairy bractea. Stamens with 
five sterile and five fertile subulate filaments, ciliated at 
the margin, united at the base, so as to be monadelphous. 
Anthers ovate, hairy ; the hairs deflexed. Ovary depresso- 
globose, tomentose. Style filiformi-subulate, glabrous. 

Fig. 1. Sterile and fertile Filament. 2. Pistil: — magnified. 


( 4112 ) 

Lepanthes sanglinea. Blood-coloured 


Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala patula, basi, praesertim lateralia, connata. Pe- 
tala 2 libera, nana. Labellum apice subbilobum, cum 
columna connatum. Columna teres, nana aut elongata. 
Pollinia2. — Herbal epiphytcz, caulibus filij. or mibus, mono- 
phyllis, vaginalis, spicis terminalibus , Pleurothallis omnino 
habitu. Flores parvi, lactescentes v. rubescentes. Lindl. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Lepanthes* sanguinea; folio ovato marginato apice triden- 
tato, pedunculis aggregatis subunifloris folio pluries 
brevioribus, floribus sanguineis, sepalis ovatis glaudu- 
loso-ciliatis lateralibus semi con natis, labelli gland u- 
loso-ciliati lobis lateralibus maximis alaeformibus pa- 
tentibus intermedio 3-lobo columna? appresso. 

A native of the high mountains of Jamaica, whence it 
was sent to Kew by our Collector, Mr. Purdie, and is 
there cultivated on a small portion of the husk of the 
Cocoa-nut. It does not seem to be a described species, 
but is nearly allied to L. tridentata of Swartz, figured by 
Dr. Lindley in Bot. Reg., t. 1762; differing from it in the 
colour of the flowers, in the latter being always erect, not 


So named by Swartz, it would appear, from Wk*, a scale, or the 
scaly covering of the bark of trees, from the little plants vegetating on such 
situations, and *,8« f , a flower. 

resupinate, ciliated all round the borders of the calyx, and 
in the much shorter peduncles. It is rather a botanical 
curiosity than a Florist's plant, and forms a striking con- 
trast with the majority of Orchideous Epiphytes. 

Descr. Plants minute, tufted, growing among moss on 
trunks of trees in their native regions. Stem about three- 
quarters of an inch long, erect, clothed with sheathing 
scales, slender ; bearing at its extremity an ovate, coriaceo- 
membranaceous leaf, with a distinct narrow margin when 
seen under the microscope, and, at the apex, three minute 
teeth. Peduncles very short, aggregated, arising from the 
base of the leaf, but much shorter than it, one or two- 
flowered : the flowers minute, erect, of a full purplish 
blood-colour, except at the back about the insertion of the 
ovary. Sepals ovate, acute, ciliated, the two lateral 
(upper ones in the position of the flower) united half-way 
up from the base. Petals two, small, red-rose, applied to 
the sides of the little column aud concealing them, ovate, 
downy. Lip of a singular form : three-lobed, very deep 
blood-colour : the side lobes forming two large, oblong, 
spreading wings on each side the column and petals, 
ciliated : intermediate one small, three-lobed, pressed to 
the front of the column. Pollen-masses two, club-shaped. 

Fig. 1. Single Plant. 2. Front, and 3, Back view of a Flower. 
4. Column with Petals and middle lobe of the Lip. 5. Pollen-masses : — 

w>n isf-i 

( 4113 ) 
Barleria flava. Yellow Barleria. 

Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — AcanthacEjE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx tetraphyllus, foliolo postice et antice (interdum 
emarginato) latioribus. Corolla hypogyna, infundibulifor- 
mis, tubo brevi v. elongato, limbo conico dilatato, quin- 
quefido, lacinia postica breviore. Stam. 4, corolla? tubo 
inserta, vix exserta, didynama; anthera biloculares, line- 
ares ; loculis parallelis, muticis, staminum breviorum saspe 
minores v. imperl'ectae. Ovarium biloculare, loculis biovu- 
latis. Stylus simplex : Stigma compresso-infundibuliforme, 
truncatum. Capsula subunguiculata, acuminato-conica, 
bilocularis, tetrasperma v. abortu disperma, loculicide bi- 
valvis, valvis medio septiferis. Semina ovata, testa floccosa, 
retinaculis crassis, concavis subtensa. — Herbae v. fruticuli, 
in Asia tropica crescentes; foliis oppositis, floribus axilla- 
ribus v. spicatis, bracteis latis v. angustis bracteolisque scepe 
ciliatis v. spinosis, corollis speciosis, cceruleis, albis v. lutes- 
centibus, plus minus venosis. Endl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms . 

Barleria flava; fruticosa, foliis oblongo-lanceolatis acumi- 
natis integerrimis sub lente strigillosis, spica ovata 
imbricata bracteis calycibusque nervosis ciliatis, sepa- 
lis majoribus serratis antico bifido. 

Barleria flava. " Jacq. Eel." Spreng. Syst. Veget. v. I. 
p. 828. 

Dianthera flava. Vahl, Symb. 1. p. 5. 

Justicia flava. Vahl, Enum. I. p. 139. 

Dianthera Americana; ». flava. Forsk. Ft. Mgypt. Arab. 
p. 9. 

Barleria mitis ? Ker, in Bot. Reg. t. 191. 


Avery little known plant, as it wonld appear, and to 
which other synonyms might perhaps be added if we had 
the opportunity of authenticating them. It is a native of 
Arabia, and has been long* cultivated in the stoves of the 
Botanic Gardens of Kew, where it flowers in the winter 
months, and makes a very pretty appearance with its bright 
yellow flowers among the large calyces and bracts. 

Descr. An erect shrub, with glabrous, articulated, dark- 
green branches. Leaves opposite, petiolated, spreading, 
or often recurved, broadly sometimes oblong -lanceolate, 
acuminate, entire, and when seen under a lens, clothed 
with minute, appressed hairs. Spikes terminal, ovate, of 
many dense, bracteatedjflotuers. A pair of lanceolate, cili- 
ated bracts at the base of each calyx. Calyx large: the 
two larger valves, or leaflets, ovate, acute, nerved, hairy, 
serrated and ciliated, the lower one bifid ; the two small 
and lateral ones alvnost subulate. Corolla infundibuliform, 
yellow: the tube longer than the calyx: the limb of five 
spreading, nearly equal segments. Stamens two, perfect : 
Filaments rather longer than the tube. Anthers oblong. 
There are besides three minute, abortive, subulate^/amenfc. 
Ovary ovate, sunk in a fleshy disk, two-seeded. Style 
much longer than the corolla. Stigma purple. 

Fig. 1. Calyx and Pistil, side view. 2. Front view of the same with the 
Bracts. 4. Pistil. 5. Section of Ovary : — magnified. 

// -> ' / l/r* i 

( 4114 ) 
Vanda teres. Quill-leaved Vanda. 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchide^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium explanatum, patens, petalis sepalisque sub- 
aequalibus. Labellum saccatum, vel obcouico-calcaratum, 
cum basi columnar continuum, subtrilobum: lobo medio 
carnoso. Columna crassa, libera, abbreviate, rostello ob- 
tuso. Anthera bilocularis. Pollinia 2, oblique biloba, 
caudicula linearis glandula subrotunda. — Herbae epiphytce 
caulescentes. Folia disticha, coriacea. Spicaa oppositi/olue. 
Flores speciosi. Lindl. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Vanda* teres; foliis teretibus obtusis, racemis bi- (pluri-) 
floris folio longioribus, sepalis petalisque suborbicula- 
tis parum undulatis patentibus, labello profunde trilo- 
bo intus pubescente basi calcare conico, lobis laterali- 
bus incurvis intermedio patenti-reflexo apice dilatato 

Vanda teres. Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orchid, p. 217. Bot. Reg. 
t. 1809. 

Nothing can exceed the beauty and delicacy of the 
blossoms of this plant, as they appeared in the Orchidaceous- 
house of the Royal Botanic Gardens in the early spring of 
1844, continuing too in great perfection for several weeks. 
Perhaps it is the most lovely of its tribe, and deficient only 


* The Sanscrit name of this plant, or rather of the original species, is 




in foliage, which here can scarcely be distinguished from 
the stem either in form or colour. It is a native of trees in 
Sylhet, where it was discovered by Dr. Wallich, who 
introduced it to our English gardens, and of the Burmese 
Empire, where Mr. Griffith discovered it. It grows well 
with us when attached to a crooked branch, and suspended 
in a moist stove. 

Descr. Epiphytal : stem rounded, terete, dark-green ; 
leaves also terete, elongate, obtuse, dark-green, with a 
depressed line on the upper side, the base forming a sheath 
round the stem, which is decurrent. Pedicels lateral, with 
one or two joints, and a small bractea at the joint, curved 
upwards, and bearing five to six large, showy flowers, of 
the most delicate waxy texture. Sepals nearly orbicular, 
white, with a slight tinge of rose, the upper one erect, the 
lateral ones placed under the base of the lip, all spreading. 
Petals spreading, nearly of the same shape as the sepals, 
slightly contorted at the base, deep rose-colour, with pale, 
almost white margins. Lip spreading, or standing forward 
at the base, ending in a conical spur ; three-lobed, beau- 
tifully variegated with yellow and rose-colour, and spotted 
and streaked with red : side-lobes incurved so as to meet 
over the column: terminal lobe dilated and bifid, the 
whole downy within. Column short. Anther-case hemi- 
spherical, with a beak. Pollen-masses triangular. 

i f 1 ?' V Sl ol " mn and Section of the Lip. 2. Column, with Anther-case 
laid back. 3. Pollen-masses '.—magnified. 


' eifMxl 

1. 184-4 

C 4115 ) 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord.— Cacte*;. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala numerosa imbricata, basi ovario adnata, in tubum 
brevissimum concreta, exteriora i n vol ucri form ia, intima 
petaliformia. Stamina numerosa, calyci affixa, insequalia, 
intima brevissima filiformia, antheris oblongis. Stylus 
cylindricus, subfistulosus, apice multifidus. Bacca sepalo- 
rum reliquis subsquamata, rarissime laevis. Cotyledones 
parvulae. — Frutices simplicissimi carnosi ovati aut globosi, 
melocactoidei aut mammillariformes, aphylli, costati aut 
tuberculati } costis tuberculis confluentibus quasi formatis, 
dor so aculeorum fasciculos gerentibus. Cephalium seu 
spadix nullus. Flores e fasciculos aculeorum ad apicem 
costarum orti. Pfeiff. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Echinocactus concinnus ; depresso-globosus glaucescens 
sub-10-costatus, costis obtusis sinuato-crenatis, areolis 
remotiusculis lanatis, spinis setaceis 8 — 10 stellatim 
patentibus subsetaceis breviusculis unico longiore 
validiore paululum decurvis. 

Echinocactus concinnus. Hortul. 

Echinocactus orthocanthus. " Link et Otto."— Pf riff. 
Enum. Cact. p.bS> 


This, so far as I can find, has only a name in gardens 
and in catalogues. It does not appear in Pfeiffer's useful 
u Enumeratio/' unless it be the E. orthocanthus above 
quoted, with the short description of which it seems to 


accord, except in not having the longer spine so stout 
and so straight, as appears to be the case with that species. 
Nothing short of good figures can illustrate the various 
forms of the species in this intricate family. We have 
cultivated the present individual for some years in the 
collection at Kew, where it flowers in March and April. 

Descr. The plant is small, two inches high, three, or 
three and a-half inches in diameter, globose, but remark- 
ably depressed at the top, and even convex there, and 
crowded with mammillae, with their woolly and spinous 
areolae : the sides deeply and regularly costate, the sinuses 
acute ; the costae prominent, very obtuse, sinuato-crenate, 
about twenty in number. Areola woolly, sending out, in 
a stellated direction, eight to ten, slender, acicular or seti- 
form, spreading spines, with one longer and stronger, but 
still slender, which is curved downwards. Flowers one 
or two, generally from the border of the depressed vertex 
or summit, large, handsome : the numerous spreading 
petals yellow, with a dark-red streak down the centre. 
The lower scales or calycine segments are villous. 


P»l> Jjii V /////, 

/',/'■ / 

( 4116 ) 

Chabr^a runcinata. Changeable-flow- 
ered Chabr/ea. 

Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Composite. ) 

Generic Character. 

Capitulum multiflorum homogamum radiatiforme, involu- 
crum campanulatum, squamis oblongis stricte duplice serie 
dispositis sed aequalibus et seriem unicnm prima fronte 
simulantibus. Receptaculum totum epalaceum. Corolla 
omnes glabra? hermaphroditae bilabiatae; disci lobo ext. 
3-dentato, int. bipartite* lobis saepe subconcretis: radii 
labio ext. ligulaeformi revoluto 3-dentato, int. minore 
bipartito. Anthera basi bisetosae, apice appendicuiatae. — 
Achcenium ovato-cylindraceum erostre papilloso-pilosulum. 
Pappus 1-serialis, paleis basi in annulum subconcretis 
equaiibus subplumosis. — Herbae Aust.~ Americana: suba- 
caules aut caulescentes . Folia pinnatisecta, segmentis 
ulrinque 6 — 9 parvis obtuse et grosse dentatis. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Chabilea* runcinata; caule ramoso pedunculisque piloso- 
glandulosis, foliis caulinis supra glabriusculis subtus 
albo-lanatis pinnatifidis, lobis remotiusculis oblongis 
acutis integris vel subpinnatifidis, capitulis longe 
pedunculatis solitariis, involucri hemisphaerici squamis 
lanceolatis glandulosis, achaeniis sericeo-villosis. 

Leucheria runcinata. Gill, et Don Phil. Mag. 1832. p. 
389. Hook, et Am. Comp. Bot. Mag. vol. I. p. Sb. 

Chabrjea rosea. De Cand. in Deless. Ic. 4 t. 90. 

Perdicium roseum. Poepp. Exs. n. 378. 

Lasiorhiza rosea. Poepp. 3. n. 216. 


* Thus named by Professor De Candolle in compliment to Dominicus 
Chaubrey, of Geneva, author of a work entitled, '* Omnium Stirpium 
Seiographia, 166a" 

From the garden of the Royal Botanic Society in the 
Regent's Park, whence it was obligingly sent by Mr. J. 
D. Sowerbv. It is unquestionably the Leucheria run- 
cinata of Dr. Gillies, whose specific name we, consequently, 
retain, but not satisfied, though we follow the lamented 
De Candolle in placing it in ChabrjEA, that the present 
plant is really distinct from Leucheria, or even from our 
L. senecioides C'Trixis senecioides, Exot. Flora, tab. 1 01 J. 
We observe, indeed, no serrated membranaceous bracteoles 
or inner scales of the involucres, such as are figured in the 
Exotic Flora; but in Delessert's Icones, tab. 90, at f. 1, is 
given a scale of this kind, as " squama receptaculi Moris 
involvens." We shall hope to have an opportunity of 
determining this point by a further examination of living 
plants of L. senecioides. Both are natives of Chili, the 
present one apparently more particularly of the Andes. 
The seeds were sent over by Mr. Bridges, and the plant, 
we believe, in several collections. The fiowers are fragrant. 

Descr. Stems herbaceous, weak, a foot to a foot and 
a half high, branched from the root and again above. 
Leaves oblong, sessile, subarnplexicaul, more or less deeply 
pinnatifid, the segments rather distant, ovate or oblong, 
lobed, or again subpinnatifid, the segments acute. Flower- 
ing branches subpaniculate, at the setting on of the branches 
leafy, leaves smaller than the inferior ones, more amplexi- 
caul, with more acuminated lobes, almost pungent at the 
tips. Flowers moderately large, white, frequently changing 
to rose-colour. Involucre tumid, hemispherical, of several 
nearly equal, lanceolate, appressed, slightly imbricated 
scales. Receptacle punctated. Corolla in two spreading 
unequal lips, the smaller one ligulate, revolute ; the tube 
hairy externally. Ovary oblong-obovate, silky. Pappus 
of several white, feathery setae. 

Fig. 1. Receptacle of the Flowers. 2. Floret. 3. Seta of the Pappus :— 

( 4117 ) 

Pterodiscus speciosus. Showy 

Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Pedaline^e. ) 
Generic Character. 

Pterodiscus, 'Hook. — Calyx parvus profunde 5-partitus. 
Cor. infundibuliformis, limbo patente quinquelobo, lobis 
subrotundis subaequalibus. Stamina 4, didynama, inclusa, 
prope basin tubi inserta cum rudimento quinti. Filamenta 
basi incrassata lanosa : Antherce loculis duobus triangula- 
nbus poris oblongis dehiscentibus, per paria cruciatim 
approximate. Germen ovatum obliquum, basi dorso glan- 
dula incrassata hippocrepiformi : Stylus filiformis inclusus 
stamina excedens: Stigma bilabiatum, segmentis subulatis 
serratis, inferiore recurvato. Fructus coriaceus capsularis, 
mdehiscens? subrotundo-compressus, marginibus lato-bi- 
alatus, disco subtuberculatus, bilocularis v. pseudo- 6-locu- 
laris, loculis duobus seminiferis ; Semina solitaria pendula 
oblonga, tereti-compressa, margine superne producta sub- 
ulata, subutriculosa. Albumen nullum vel tenuissimum. 
Embryo inversa. Radicula ad hilum spectans, brevis, coni- 
cus. Cotyledones oblongae hemispha3rica3. — Herba Africce 
Australis, radice tuber osa, foliis oppositis oblongis sinuato- 
dentatis, petwlis brevibus utrinque uniglandulosis, floribus 
axillaribus solitariis speciosis purpureas. 

Specific Name. 
Pterodiscus* speciosus. 

For our knowledge of this splendid new Genus of plants 
the Botanical world is indebted to the Right Honor- 

* So named from Uriftx;, a wing, and 3ur*o< a disk, in consequence of the 
oroad urings to the disk of the fruit. 

able the Earl of Derby. It was collected in Macalisberg, 
by Mr. Burke (now employed on a similar mission in 
North-west America, and in California), while engaged in 
procuring animals and plants for that distinguished noble- 
man, in the interior of Southern Africa. It flowered in 
the stove at Knowsley, in May, 1844, and rarely has a 
more desirable plant been introduced to our collections. 
The tuberous root is large, solitary, quite globose ; the 
upper part elevated above the earth, and producing 
from its summit a stem, which soon divides into several 
erect, rather stout, succulent branches, bearing opposite 
leaves, and large, handsome, red-purple flowers in the axils 
of those leaves. The mouth of the flower has a circle of 
short, downy hairs. The fruit is drawn from dried speci- 
mens, brought home by Mr. Burke. 

Fig. 1. Base of the Corolla, laid open to show the Stamens. 2. Anther. 
3. Pistil. 4. Apex of Style and Stigma. 5. Fruit (nat. size.) 6. Trans- 
verse Section of the same. 7. Seed. 8. Vertical Section of a Seed. 
9. Embryo : — all but fig. 5 more or less magnified. 

( 4118 ) 



Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Solanace^s. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx ampins camosus coloratus pentagonus 5-fidus 
deciduus., laciniis erectis acutis. Corolla subcarnosa tubu- 
losa, tubo infra lirnbum latiore hinc subinflato, limbo pa- 
tente 5-partito, lobis brevibus rotundatis. Stamina 5 tubo 
breviora prope basin tubi inserta erecta. Filamenta filifor- 
mia. Anthers lineares rimis longitudinalibus dehiscentes. 
Ovarium conicum basi annulo magno hypogyno 5-lobo 
carnoso einctum, biloculare; ovulis numerosis placentis 
centralibus affixis. Stylus filiformis tubo breviore • stigma 
oblongum incrassatum apice bifidum. °* Fructus: Bacca 
naagni cerasi magnitudine." — Frutex '* parasiticus," gla- 
berrimus; rarnis teretibus herbaceis. Folia alterna, majus- 
cula, carnoso -coriacea, subgeminata, ( alter o scepius minor e), 
oblongo-obovata obtusa petiolata ; fioribus ramos breves ter- 
minantibus pendentibus ; pedicellis brevibus crassis / calyce 
corollaque aurantiacis. 

Specific Name and Synonyms. 

Juanulloa * parasitica. 

Juanulloa parasitica. Ruiz et Pavon, Fl. Per. 2. p. 47. t. 

185. fValpers, Repert. Bot. Syst. 3. p. 106. 
Ulloa parasitica. Pers. Syn. I. p. 218. 
Brugmansia parviflora. Hortul. 
IBrugmansia floribuiida. Hortul— Paxt. Mag. of Bot. v. 

9, with a figure. T 

* So named by Ruiz and Pavon, in compliment to Don George Juab. 
and Don Antonio Ulloa, two distinguished Spaniards who were sent to 
South America with Condamine, to measure a degree of the Meridian. 

It will surprise many of our readers, perhaps, to be told, 
that this fine plant, known in our stoves, we believe, for 
four or five years, and pretty widely dispersed under the 
name of Brugmansia parviflora, and B. Jloribunda, has 
nothing to do with that Genus ; and is, in fact, one of 
the rarest of plants (speaking botanically), a Genus always 
spoken of by authors as " solis Ruiz et Pavonio notum." 
A reference to the figure in the Flora Peruviana of Juan- 
ulloa parasitica will convince any one that the so-called 
Brugmansia can be no other than that remarkable " para- 
site (or rather, I apprehend, an epiphyte), upon the trunks 
of trees in woods near Pozuzo and San Antonio de Playa 
Grande, in Peru." It was there discovered by the authors 
of that fine work, and well figured by them. Notwith- 
standing its parasitic nature, it flourishes freely if planted 
in earth, and kept in a moist and warm stove, and recom- 
mends itself both by its handsome foliage and its large and 
richly-coloured calyces. Our plant flowered at Kevv in the 
summer months. 

Descr. A. shrub, with somewhat the habit of Portlandia, 
woody below ; but the young branches herbaceous, terete, 
glabrous, as is the whole plant. Leaves alternate, often 
geminate, and very unequal in size, from two or three to 
five inches in length, somewhat succulent, dark-green, 
oval or nearly obovate, obtuse, on short petioles. Flowers 
terminal, on short, drooping branches, or they may be said 
to be borne iu pedunculated,, leafy racemes, pedicels short, 
thick, especially upwards, often in pairs. Calyx fleshy, 
orange, ample, ovate, much larger than the diameter of 
the corolla, with five very prominent angles, and five erect 
teeth or lobes. Corolla about one-third longer than the 
calyx, tubular, but enlarged upwards, most so on one 
side, somewhat fleshy, full orange; the limb of five, short, 
spreading, rounded segments. Stamens and pistil as de- 
scribed in the generic character. 

Fig. 1. Corolla, nat. size. 2. Pistil. 3. Section of the Ovary: — mag- 

/< del • 

( 4119 ) 

Thunbergia chrysops. Golden-eyei> 
Purple Thunbergia. 

Class and Order. 


( Nat. Old. — AcanthacejE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx basi bibracteolatus, brevis, cupuliformis. trim- 
cat us vel plnridentatus. Corolla hypogyna, campanulato- 
m fundi buli form is, fauce inflata, limbo quinquefido, patente, 
subae quail. Stamina 4, corollas tubo inserta, didynama ; 
anthers bilocularesjoculisparallelis, ciliato-barbatis, altero 
breviore basi aristato. Ovarium biloculare, loculis bi- 
ovulatis. Stylus simplex ; stigma infundibuliforme, trans- 
versim bilabiatum. Capsula e basi globosa, bilocularis. 
in rostrum con i cum angustata., di-tetrasperma, Ioculicide 
bivalvis, valvis medio septiferis. Semina globosa, umbilico 
torato, annulo late calloso citicta. Embryonis exalbumi- 
nosi cotyledones foliaceae, condnplicatae, radicula bre- 
vissima, infera. — Frutices Indici et Capenses ; foliis oppo- 
site, cordatis, angulatis ; floribus axillaribus pedunculatis, 
solitariis vel race?nosis ; corollis speciosis, luteis vel caruleis, 
fauce plerumque saturatioribus . Nees. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Thunbergia* chrysops; foliis cordatis angulatis, petiolo 
nudo, pedunculis axillaribus brevibus unifloris, calyce 
truncato, bracteis ovatis ciliatis, antheris sagittatis basi 
glanduloso glandulis pedicellatis, stigmate foliaceo 
bilobo, stylo apice barbato. 

J l This 

* So named in compliment to the celebrated Naturalist and Traveller of 
that name, the successor of Rudbeck and Linnjeus in the Botanical 
chair at Upsal. 

This most lovely new species of Thunbergia is one of 
the many rarities which Mr. Whitfield has,, not without 
great danger and risk, brought from the interior of Sierra 
Leone, to the Right Honorable the Earl of Derby ; and 
our stove in the Royal Botanic Gardens of Kew, and many 
other stoves we believe in this country, are indebted to his 
Lordship for the possession of it. The same gentleman, Mr. 
Whitfield, has likewise introduced to Knowsley, and 
through the same distinguished nobleman to Kew, the curi- 
ous Napoleonea lmperialis and the African Teak, or African 
Oak, as it is frequently called. Our new Thunbergia has 
the merit of not only being very beautiful, but easily culti- 
vated in a stove, readily increased by cuttings, soon 
flowering, and bearing a succession of blossoms to com- 
pensate for the short duration of each individual one. 

Descr. Stems climbing, slender, herbaceous, slightly 
hairy. Leaves opposite, petiolate, cordate, or sometimes 
ovato-cordate, acute, or slightly acuminate, angulato- 
dentate at the margin, five or seven-nerved with transverse 
veins; petiole tereti-compressed, not at all winged. Pe- 
duncles axillary, solitary, single-flowered, shorter than the 
petiole. Bracteas two, large, ovate, appressed to the base 
of the flower. Calyx truncated, forming, as it were, a 
large, fleshy disk, within the slightly lobed or raised edge 
of which, the base of the corolla is inserted. Corolla sub- 
campanulato-infundibuliform ; the tube yellow, much con- 
tracted at the base, widening upwards, and becoming of a 
rich purple on the spreading five-lobed limb, of a blue cast 
near the mouth, which encircles the full yellow throat (or 
eye) of the corolla, whence the specific name. Stamens 
four, didynamous, included ; Anthers sagittate, the base of 
the lobes with pedicellated glands. Gerrnen green, ovate, 
on a large, fleshy disk, besides the disk which fills the short 
calyx. Style filiform, as long, or nearly so, as the tube 
of the corolla, bearded above. Stigma of two large, leafy, 
yellow, plaited lobes. 

Fig. 1. Tube of the Corolla, laid open. 2. Stamens. 3. Calyx and 
ristil. 4. Germen, cut through transversely :— magnified. 


C 4120 ) 

Aristolochia ornithocepiiala. Bird's 
Head Birth-wort. 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Hexandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — Aristolochie^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium monophyllum tubulosum basi ventricosum, 
limbo ligulato-extenso. Anthers sex, stigmatis lateribus 
adnatae. Stigma subsessile, sex-partitum. Capsula 6-locu- 
laris, polysperma. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Aristolochia ornithocephala ; volubilis glabra, foliis stipu- 
lisque reniformi-cordatis, Horibus solitariis maximis, 
perianth ii tubo reflate obovato globoso, limbo basi 
brevi cylindraceo bilabiato, labio superiore lanceolato 
acuto deorsum complicate intus dense piloso, inferiore 
e basi lineari canaliculato in laminam amplissimam 
reniformem reticulatam extenso. 

There are few plants which present more striking peculi- 
arities of form and structure in their blossoms than the 
various individuals of the Genus to which the present plant 
belongs. Ninety-two species are enumerated by Steudel 
in the new edition of his valuable " Nomenclator Botanic us. 
Amongst them is a peculiar group inhabiting Brazil, which 
Martius characterizes as having flowers of a remarkably 
large size, variegated with dark purple brown, with the 
tube of the perianth obovateor ventricose, the limb tubular 
at the base, then two-lipped ; the upper lip more or less 
elongated, channelled, the lower one, from a very con- 
tracted and channelled or cymbiform base, dilated into a 
very broad lamina. To this division, besides our plant, 


XVII. o 

here represented, will belong the A. galeata, Mart., A. 
cymbifera, Mart., A. labiosa, Ker, Bot. Reg., and Sims, in 
Bot. Mag. t. 2545 (excl. syn.), A. Brasiliensis, Mart. (A. 
ringens, Link and Otto), and A. ringens, Vahl, (not Link 
and Otto). To the A. cymbifera and A. labiosa, just men- 
tioned, (two species certainly very nearly allied to each 
other,) our A. galeata bears a great affinity, as well in size 
as in general structure ; but may be at once known by the 
very narrow (not broad and cymbiform) base of the lower 
lip. From A. galeata it may be discriminated by the much 
greater size of its leaves and flowers, by the different colour 
and marking of the perianth, and especially by the deep 
sinus of the great lamina of the lower lip. It was raised in 
the Glasgow Botanic Garden from seeds, gathered near 
Crato, Brazil, by Mr. Gardner, in September, 1838. Plants 
communicated from Glasgow to Mr. Moore at the Glasne- 
vin Botanic Garden, produced their curious blossoms in the 
stove during the autumn of 1840 and 1841, and from these 
specimens our figure is taken. Flowering individuals of 
the same plant were kindly sent by Mr. Llewellyn, of 
Penllegar, in May of the following year; also raised from 
Gardner's seeds. 

Descr. A large, climbing shrub, with petiolated, large 
leaves, in shape between cordate and reniform, obtuse, with 
a very broad and deep sinus at the base. Stipules two at 
the base of each leaf-stalk, large, cordate, obtuse, glaucous, 
the base amplexicaul. Peduncle solitary, single-flowered, 
eight to ten inches long. Perianth very large, dingy 
yellow ; the tube at the base two inches and three quarters 
long, obovate, inflated, marked with large, black-purple 
reticulations, at the upper end, this tube suddenly contracts 
and is bent down at an angle, and this may be considered 
the base of the limb, which now becomes two-lipped, the 
upper lip five inches long, (resembling, with the inflated 
tube, a bird's head and beak,) lanceolate, reticulated, the 
sides deflexed, copiously hairy within; — the lower lip 
has a narrow stalk, grooved, linear, two inches long, and 
suddenly expands into an immense, reniform, beautiful, 
reticulated, waved lamina, four inches long, six broad : the 
reticulations beautifully marked with deep purple. Style 
or column obovate, six-toothed. 

Fig. I. Style or Column, with the Anthers : — magnified. 

( 4121 ) 

Gesneria Gardneki. Mr. Gardner's 

Class and Order. 


( Nat. Orel. — GesneriacejE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx ovarii basi adnatus, limbo subinaequaliter 5-par- 
tito libero. Corolla tubulosa ima basi 5-gibberosa aut 
aequaliter subtumida, limbo 5-lobo, lobis nunc in labia 
duo dispositis, nunc subaequalibus. Stamina 4 ima corolla? 
adnata, didynama cum quinti rudimento. Anthera juni- 
ores cohsrentes. Stylus filiformis, stigmate capitato aut 
bilobo. Glandular perigynce 2 — 5 circa ovarii basin. Cap- 
sula coriacea L -(ocularis bivalvis, valvis convexis, placentis 
2 parietalibus polyspermis. Semina scobiformia. — Herbae 
perennes, radice tuberosa, rarius frutices. Caulis simplex 
aut opposite ramosus. Folia opposiia aut verticillata den- 
tata. Pedunculi simplices unifiori aut ramosi multijlori, 
axillares aut in thy r sum racemumve termmalem dispositL 
Species omnes in Amer. Trop. spontanea. D C. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Gesneria Gardneri; caule erecto, ramis teretibus glaber- 
rimis herbaceis^ foliis brevi-petiolatis oppositis ellip- 
ticis carnoso-coriaceis, utriuque subacuminatis serratis 
oblique venosis venis sub lente pilosiusculis subtus 
pallidioribus prominentibus, pedunculis solitariis uni- 
floris axillaribus folium aequantibus, calyce prismatico 
semisupero, segmentis lauceolatis acuminatis, corolla 
tubulosa subpubescente, limbo subaequali, lobis bre- 
vibus patentibus rotundatis, ovario hirsuto, annulo 
perigyno 5-lobo. 

Gesneria sp Gardn. in Herb. Bras, n 5800. 


Discovered by Mr. Gardner on the Organ Mountains of 
Brazil in March, 1841, growing two to four feet high, in 
rocky places; and raised from seeds, sent over to Mr, 
Mack.ay, at the College Botanic Garden, Dublin, where it 
produced its handsome flowers in July, 1844. It is very 
distinct from any species hitherto described, and remark- 
able for the thick and fleshy leaves, shaped not unlike 
those of the Elm, pale-coloured, and with prominent nerves 

Descr. Stems erect, herbaceous, rounded, quite gla- 
brous, branched. Leaves opposite, very thick and fleshy, 
petiolate, elliptical, acute or slightly acuminate at both ex- 
tremities, strongly serrated, obliquely nerved, very minutely 
pubescent when seen under a lens. Petiole half an inch or 
more long, terete, flattened above. Peduncles axillary, 
solitary, single-flowered, erect, slender, almost as long as 
the leaf, glabrous. Calyx five-partite; the tube short, 
united with the base only of the ovary, five-angled : seg- 
ments subulato- lanceolate, spreading, entire, glabrous. 
Corolla tubular, a little curved, slightly widening upwards, 
subpubescent : limb of five short, obtuse, spreading lobes. 
Stamens four, didynamous, inserted at the base of the co- 
rolla, and equal in length with the tube, having a small, 
subulate scale, or fifth abortive stamen, between them. 
Germen ovate, hairy, as well as the long style, surrounded 
by a glandular disc, or ring, with five nearly equal, obtuse, 
erect teeth. Stigma obtuse. 

Fig. 1. Base of Corolla, laid open to show the insertion of the Stamens. 
2. Pistil and annular Disc. 3. Transverse section of the Ovary: — mag- 

Pmb, h„ S. CartU r,/„.,.„ w ^..-/ Essac W<wT T-l&ff 

( 4122 ) 

Myosotis Azorica. Azorean Mouse-ear; 
or Forget-me-not. 

Class and Order. 
Fentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — BoraginEjE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx quinquepartitus. Corolla hypogyna, hypocrateri- 
morpha, tubo brevi vel calycem superante, fauce fornicibus 
clansa, limbo quinquepartito obtuso. Stamina 5, corolla; 
tubo inserta, inclusa; antherm peltatae. Ovarium quadri- 
lobum. Stylus simplex ,* stigma capitatnm. Nuces 4, dis- 
tinctae, Iaives, vel granulate, rugulosae, umbilico basilari 
receptaculo affix ae. — Herbae notissimce, in regionibus extra- 
tropicis totius orbis obvia ; racemis simplicibus, ebracteatis. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Myosotis Azorica; perennis, caule basi decumbente rarno- 
sissimo ubique dense setoso-hirsuto pilis reflex is, ca- 
lyce pedicelloserectossubaequantibus profunde in seg- 
nientis lineares strictos diviso, fructifero patentc pilis 
erecto-patentibus setoso, corollas limbo tubum vix 
aequante lobis marginatis. H. C. W. 

Myosotis Azorica. H. C. Watson, MS. No. 128 of Azorian 
Specimens, collected in 1842. 

This beautiful Forget-me-not is found about waterfalls,, 
and ou wet rocks with a North-east aspect, in the islands of 
Corvo and Florcs, the most westerly of the Azores. Its 
proper habitat appears to be on the mountains ; though it 
comes down nearly to the sea shore, following the^ course 
of rocky mountain streams, where the atmosphere is kept 
humid by the spray of the water. The deep rich blue of its 
numerous flowers, and their long* succession from the lateral 
branches, combine to render this species well deserving of 
cultivation, provided it can be brought to flourish in the 


drier climate of our gardens. It will require a loose, peaty, 
or sandy soil, careful shading from the midday sun, frequent 
sprinkling with water, and to be covered with a glass in 
hot dry weather. Under this treatment, a plant of it in my 
garden has completely filled with its numerous stems a 
square hand-glass, twenty inches to the side, and twenty- 
four inches in depth ; and, apparently, it would have grown 
larger, had space allowed the free development of the 
lateral branches, which are much cramped by the glass. It 
will bear some frost, but may likely prove more impatient 
of cold than our native species of the Genus. In a Wardian 
case it would probably succeed very well. 

Descr. Root fibrous. Stem thickly covered with hairs, 
mostly bent back so as to point towards the root, decum- 
bent at the base, rooting by succulent fibres, which arise 
under the insertion of the lower leaves, and along the 
angles extending downwards from their points of insertion. 
Lateral branches numerous, and, like the principal stems, 
terminating in several close racemes of flowers. The lower 
portions of the stems apparently endure several years, be- 
coming hard and somewhat woody, while the upper por- 
tions die back yearly. Leaves very harsh, covered with 
strong hairs, which, on the upper surface, point towards the 
apex of the leaf; but on the under surface, especially along 
the midrib, they are curved back so as to point towards the 
insertion of the leaf. Lower leaves spathulate, oblong, 
retuse at the extremity, horizontal, or inclined backwards. 
Upper leaves more oblong, scarcely retuse, patent. Raceme 
subsecund with numerous approximate flowers. Pedicels 
erect or curved upwards, about the length of the calyx, 
with nearly erect pubescence. Calyx deeply divided into 
five linear, straight teeth, with long, erect, or erecto-patent 
pubescence, open in fruit. Corolla about equal to that of 
M. repensor sylvatica, deep indigo-blue, with a purple tinge 
at first, and slightly burnished in the sun ; its lobes propor- 
tionably broader than in the European species, obcordate 
and emarginate; tube whitish, about equal to (in some 
flowers, rather shorter than) the limb, contracted at base and 
top, and nearly closed by the folds of the corolla. Fruit 
quite smooth and shining. In general habit, coming near- 
est to M. palustris, but abundantly different from all the 
European species 

Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Corolla laid open. 3. Section of Calyx, showing the 
Fruit. 4. Fruit. 5. Achenium: — magnified. 

( 4123 ) 

Ancectochilus setaceus. Fringed 


Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Orchidace^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Perianthium ringens. Sepalum supremiim cum petalis in 
galeam agglutinatum; lateralia patula, basi insqualia la- 
bello supposita. Labellum cum columna basi connatum, 
ventricoso-calcaratum., ungue rigido caualiculato inflexo 
fimbriate, limbo bilobo patente. Columna brevis, margin- 
ibus membranaceis dilatatis involutis appendicularn bila- 
mellatam simulantibus. Stigma basi bicallosum. Pollinia 
%, pulverea, subbiloba,, caudiculis brevibus, glandula ob- 
longa. — Herbae tropica Asiatics, radice fibrosa, rhizomate 
filiformi subterraneo. Caules foliosi. Folia nervosa, disco- 
lora, ve?iis scspe auro-micantibus. Flores spicati, laxiusculi, 
glanduloso-pilosi. Blume. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Ancectochilus * setaceus; subrepens, foliis ovatis yelutinis 
aureo-reticulatis subtus discoloribus, sepalis extus 
ovariisque glanduloso-hirsutis labello medio ad margi- 
nes longe fimbriate, apice bilobo lobis oblongis obtu- 
sis patentibus, sacco labelli apice bifido. 

Anozctochilus setaceus. "Blume, Bijdr. 1.412." Lindl. 
Bot. Reg. t. 2010. 

Chrysobaphus Roxburgii. Wall. Tent. Fl. Nep. t. 17. 

Folium petiolatum. Humph. Amb. 6. p. 93. t. 41. f. 2 


* From «k»*to ? , as is supposed, open, and *** a lip, in allusion to the 
spreading lip of the flower. 

One of the most exquisitely beautiful of all plants in the 
hue and marking of its leaves, not to be imitated by art. 
Their colour is a rich velvety green, tinned with copper, 
and over that appears to he laid an exquisite golden net- 
work ; the underside is quite different, of a reddish tinge, 
with obscure yellow veins, but all that is most beautiful is 
exposed to view. It is a native of damp, shady woods in 
Ceylon, Amboyna, and Java, and, probably of the Indian 
Islands generally, and if, as I think, there can be no doubt, 
the Chrysobaphus Roxburgii of Wallich be the same, also 
of Sylhet and Nepal. Our plants, at the Botanic Gardens 
of Kew were received from Ceylon, through the favor of 
P. Scheer, Esq., and kept in moist earth surrounded by 
moss, covered with a bell-glass, they flowered vigorously in 
May and June, 1844. 

Descr. The habit of the plant is a good deal that of 
Goodyera, and especially G. discolor. Lower part of the 
stem creeping, and sending out fibres. Leaves few, wholly 
confined to the lower portion of the plant, ovate, spreading, 
dark coppery and velvety (from the presence of numerous 
little papillas when seen under a microscope) green : and 
upon this is stretched the most elegant net-work, as it were, 
of gold. Scape, or nearly leafless stem, a span high, hairy, 
bracteated. Spike of five to six flowers, of little beauty to 
the naked eye, as compared with the foliage, but most cu- 
rious when they come to be examined. Sepals ovate, acute, 
spreading, green tinged with red, clothed externally, as is 
the ovary, with glandular hairs. Petals ovate, forming a 
helmet by their union with the upper sepal, white tinged 
with red. Lip large, spread open, and hanging, apparently, 
downwards, pure white, oblong, grooved, fringed at the 
margin with long, white cilia, and terminated by two large, 
oblong, obtuse, spreading lobes : at the base of the label- 
lnm is a sack or conical pouch, often cleft at the apex. 
Column with two conspicuous marginal wings, standing 
forward. Pollen-masses two, two-lobed, pulverous, of a 
long club-shape, tapering, attached to a gland. 

Fig. 1. Flower. 2. The same with the Galea removed. 3. 4. Column. 
5. Pollen-masses. 


( 4124 ) 

Echinocactus Pentlandi. Red-flowered 

Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord.— Cactejs. ) 

Generic Character. 

Sepala munerosa imbricata, basi ovario adnata, in tubum 
brevissimuiii concreta, exteriora involucrifonnia, intima pe- 
talifonnia. Stamina numerosa, calyci affixa, inaequalia. 
mtima brevissima, filiformia, antheris oblongis. Stylus 
cylindricus, subfistulosns, apice multifidus. Bacca sepalo- 
rum ""eliquiia suhsquamata, rarissime lasvis. Cotyledones 
parvulae. — Frutices simplicissimi carnosij ovati aut globosi, 
melocactoidei aut mammillariceformes, aphylli, costati aut 
tuberculati, costis tuberculis confluentibus quasi formatis, 
dorso aculeorum fasciculos gerentibus. Cephalinm seu spa- 
dix nullus. Plorea e fasciculis aculeorum ad apicem costa- 
Turn orti, similis jloribus Cerei, sed tubo vix supra recepta- 
culum elongato. Pfeiff. 

Specific Character and Synonym. 

Echinocactus Pentlandi; globosus vertice umbilicato sub- 
12-costatus glaucus, costis elevatis remote crenatis, 
sinubus acutis, areolis distantibus albo-lanatis, aculeis 
subvalidis aequalibus paululum arcuatis stellatim pa- 
tent] bus rufo-fuscis, floribus lateralibus sparsis solita- 
riis, tubo calycino squamoso, squamis ciliato-pilosis, 
petal is sepal isque rufescenti-roseis lanceolatis mucro- 

Echinocactus Pentlandi. Hortul. 

In the rich collection of the Royal Gardens of Kew; but 

°f its history, I vezvet to say, we know nothing. It is a 

' ' ° very 

very pretty species, more remarkable for the rose-red colour 
of the flowers, than for any other striking peculiarity. 

Descr. Plant nearly globose, sessile, about two inches 
across, depressed and umbilicate at the top, deeply marked 
with about twelve furrows, which are sharp in their sinuses, 
and as many prominent, obtuse ribs : of a glaucous-green 
tint Ribs lobed, or remotely crenate, distantly beset with 
pulvinuli or little woolly tufts or areolae, from which rise 
about six, slightly curved, spreading, rather stout spines, 
each half an inch long, or a little more. The flowers are large 
in proportion to the size of the plant, and spring from the 
sides upon the ribs, solitary., but three or four are expanded 
on one specimen at the same time. Calyx-tube green, 
becoming yellow above, and beset with small, pilose, and 
ciliated scales : limb of the calyx yellow-red upwards and 
within. Petals deep rose colour. Stamens numerous, 
nearly white. 

Fig. 1. Fruit. 2. Side view of the Spines : — magnified 

WovT , 

( 4125 ) 

Statice macrophylla. Large-leaved 
Statice; or Thrift 

Class and Order. 
Pentandria Pentagynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Plumbagine^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Flores spicato-paniculati. Calyx I-phyllus, plicatus, 
subscanosus. Petala 5, subconnata. Stamina basi petalo- 
rum inserta. Utriculus monospermus, calyce inclusus. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Statice macrophylla; caule fruticoso superne folioso, foliis 
amplis obovato-spathulatis obtusis mucronatis subses- 
silibus, panicula composita terminali, ramis paniculae 
alte alatis, pedicellis anguste alatis cuneatis, calycis 
limbo crenato-dentato purpureo, corolla alba. 

Statice macrophylla. " Link" (Steudel), Willd. (Spreng.) 
Spreng. Syst. Veget. v. I. p. 959. 

This splendid plant, far superior to the Statice arborea, 
or Tree Thrift, of the Canaries in the beauty of its flowers, 
was introduced, we understand, from those islands by Mr. 
Smith of the Botanic Garden of Hull ; and it is now much 
dispersed among the gardens of this country, where, grown 
in a large pot, and kept in the greenhouse, it bears its 
large panicles of purple and white flowers during the 
month of April. Mr. Forrest, of the Kensington Nursery, 
exhibited a fine specimen at Chiswick in that month of the 
present year. Our figure was taken from the Kew plant. 
Sprengel gives it as a species of Link : Sprengel as of 
Willdenow ; I do not find any character, save that of 
Sprengel above quoted. It has no place in Roemer and 



Descr. From an erect, shrubby stem, there spring a few 
short branches, clothed with large, obovato-spathulate, ob- 
tuse, but mucronated leaves, tapering below into a short 
though broad footstalk. From the apex of these branches 
the peduncle has its origin, this is a foot or more high, and 
forms at the top a large, branching, compound panicle; 
branches compressed, and bordered with broad, flat, or 
slightly waved, foliaceous wings, broadest upwards ; the 
pedicels, or ultimate branchlets, assume a cuneate form, from 
the wing narrowing below. Small, ovate, cuspidate brac- 
teas are at the base of the ramifications. The flowers are 
large (for the Genus), handsome, and two or three arise 
together from four or five large, imbricated, sheathing 
bracteas, green, with a brown, membranaceous edge. 
Calyx with the limb large, spreading, dentato-crenate at 
the margin, of a rich, purple-blue colour, with five yellow 
radiated lines, like a star. Petals white. 

Fig. 1. Flowers and Bractea: — magnified. 

I ^ -Jk 


/;,/, / ,/ S. - 

( 4126 ) 


Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Gesneriace/e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calycis tubus ovario adnatus; limbus 5-partitus lobis 
lanceolatis. Corolla tubuloso-infimdibuliformis basi hinc 
sa3pe gibba, limbo piano 5-fido, lobis subaequalibus sub- 
rotuudis. Stamina 4 didynama, antheris non cohseren- 
tibus. Rudimentum stam. quinti corollee basi inferne im- 
positum. Nectarium glandulosum annulare tenue. Stylus 
in stigma vix incrassatum obliquum aut subbilobum abe- 
uns. Capsula semibilocularis bivalvis., placentis parieta- 
libus subsessilibus. — Herbae Americana, erectce villosa. Folia 
opposita aut terna verticillata petiolata dentata. Pedicelii 
I -Jlori axillares. D C. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Achimenes* picta ; tota hirsuta, foliis oppositis ternisqiie 
cordato -oralis grosse serratis velutino-hirsutis ele- 
gantissime albopictis, pedunculis solitariis vel binis 
axillaribus folio longioribus unifloris, calycis tubo 
turbinato laciniis ovatis pateniibus, corolla? tubo 
inftindibulifbrmi limbi lobis rotundatis patentibus 
subaequalibus 3 inferioribus ininoribus, ovario hirsute) 
vix calyce adnato, glandnlis hypogynis 5. 

Achimenes picta. Bentham MSS. 

* One 

* A classical friend has suggested that the word should probably be 
written Achimenes, a king of Persia, " bellorum victor, ut interpret 
Amm.," according to Lyttleton, and hence probably applied to the 
original Achimenes coccinea, on account of the scarlet colour of the flowers. 
Brown, however, the author of the name, writes it Achimenes. 


One of the splendid plants introduced by the Horticul- 
tural Society of London from Mexico, and now, from its 
dispersion by that useful body, among the greatest orna- 
ments of our stoves during the autumnal and early winter 
months. Nothing can exceed the beauty of the foliage, 
whether we consider the velvety and orange hue of the 
pubescence, or the rich deep green of the groundwork, 
as contrasted with the milk-like spots and reticulations. 
Nor are the flowers wanting in charms; they are copious, 
though solitary, from the axils of all of the upper leaves, 
yellow, gorgeously tinged and spotted with red. Its treat- 
ment is the same as that of other species of Achimenes 
and Gesneria : and, indeed, appears to me rather referable 
to the latter Genus, than to Achimenes. In habit it is 
surely closely allied to Gesneria zebrina. 

Descr. Root consisting of numerous, elongated, scaly, 
caterpillar-like-tubers. Stems erect, but little branched, a 
foot to two feet high, hairy, as is every part of the plant, 
even to the outside of the corolla, with rather long, patent 
hairs, herbaceous, succulent. Leaves opposite and ternately 
verticillate, petiolate, ovato-cordate, serrate, of a rich velvety 
green, mottled and reticulated with white or pale green, 
always whitest in the middle. Peduncles one or two from 
the axils of the upper leaves, and much longer than they, 
single-flowered. Flowers drooping, moderately large. Ca- 
lyx almost entirely free; the tube obconical, or turbinate; 
the segments oblong-ovate, spreading. Corolla full yellow, 
with rich red above, within streaked and dotted with red : 
the tube funnel-shaped, gibbous above : the limb spreading, 
of five nearly equal lobes : the two upper, however, the 
smallest. Ovary ovate, hairy, with five oblong, fleshy 
glands at the base. Style thick, and (as well as the sta- 
mens) included : Stigma bifid. 



CJ&4 ^/ 

' &£*n*rr>ads E& 

( 4127 ) 

Stapelia cactiformis. Cactls-like 


Class and Order. 
Pentandria Monogynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Asclepiadeje. ) 

Generic Character. 

Calyx quinquepartitus. Corolla rotata, quinquefida, car- 
nosa. Gi/nostegium saspius exsertum. Corona staminea 
duplex ; exterior foliolis v. laciniis interns v. partitis, in- 
terior corniculiformibus simplicibus v. bifidis. Anthers 
apice simplices. Massa poltinis erectas ventricosae, mar- 
giue hioc pellucido. Stigma muticum. Folliculi subcy- 
nndracei, laaves, erecti. Semina comosa. — Plantae Capen- 
ses, carnosce, ramosce, ramis aphyllis sapius tetragonis angii- 
tis dentatis, floribas ut plurimum speciosis atro-sanguineo- 
guttatis vel marmoratis et tunc nonnunquam odore nauseoso, 
stercorario. D C. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Stapelia (§. Podanthes?) cactiformis; caule cylindraceo 
simplici undique mammillis areolato, mammilJis inferi- 
oribus majoribus transversim oblongis superioribus 
minoribus subrotundis angulatis medio puncto de- 
presso, floribus ex apiee caulis subsessilibus aggregatis 
parvis, corolla? subrotata? laciniis triangulari-acutis, 1 

coronas staminea; serie externa 5-fida dentibus inter- 
jectis lobis bifidis laciniis divaricatis. 

One of the most remarkable of a very remarkable Genus, 
respecting which it is to be regretted that many species, 
formerly known to our gardens, are lost, and scarcely any 
new ones have been received to take their place. Among 


the latter, however, may be reckoned the curious Stapelia 
Gordoniof Masson, (Scytanthus Gordoni, Hook. 1c. Plant, 
tab. 625) which were detected by Mr. Burke on the Orange 
River, and -other places in South Africa, and sent to his 
employer, the Earl of Derby, at Knowsley, together with 
the subject of the present plate, lately received among a 
collection of plants from Little Namaqua-land, from Mr. 
Zeyher. It flowered in the Royal Botanic Gardens of 
Kew, in August, 1844. 

Descr. The stem, or, in other words, the entire plant, 
has more the appearance of a Mammillaria (among 
Cactaceje), or some succulent South African Euphorbia, 
than of a Stapelia, and is obovato-cylindrical, in the 
present instance about five inches and a-half high, and two 
inches broad, of a glaucous-green color, externally even 
mammillate ; mammilla, in the lower and older part of the 
stem transversal, oblong ; above, in the younger portion, 
nearly rotundate and smaller, somewhat angular, as it were, 
by pressure : all of them prominent and furnished with a 
small central depression. Flowers small, aggregate on the 
summit of the stem, nearly sessile, with transverse, red 
bands and spots. Calyx deeply five-toothed. Corolla 
nearly rotate, but approaching to campanulate, minutely 
puckered on the surface; the five segments triangular, acute, 
spreading. The general form of the flower and the 
structure of the staminal crown in many respects approach 
those of Podanthes : but there are differences, and the 
habit of the plant is quite at variance with that section or 
subgenus of Stapelia. The exterior staminal corona has 
five principal divisions, with a short intervening tooth ; and 
each principal division is forked, or deeply cleft, with the 
segments spreading : the horns, or segments of the interior, 
are linear-oblong, rather short, and incurved upon the 

Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Staminal Crown -.—magnified. 

( 4128 ) 



%*&kr 4 fyi '-ti t * 'tit ft * *' * ' » ♦ t %• * 

Class and Order. 

Pentandria Pentagynia. 

( Nat. Ord. — Plumbagine^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Involucrum tiibulosum scariosum reflex urn, saspius in 
lacunas plures apice fissum. Calyx communis polyphyllus., 
foliolis ovatis lanceolatisve ellipticis muticis vel cuspidatis ; 
proprius monophyllus, integer, plicatus, scariosus. Corolla 
infundibuliformis. Petala basi coalita, inferne angustata. 
Filamcnta basi connata. Capsula oblonga, membranacea,, 
cvalvis, 5-cuspidata., calyce tecta. Semen I, oblongum, 
fuuiculolongo pendulum. Receptaculump&leaceum. Roem. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Armeria cephalotes ; scapo tereti glabro., bracteis lato- 

ovalis mucronato-acutis, calycis dentibus longe mu- 

cronato-aristatis., foliis Iato-spathulatis tri- quinque- 

Armeria latifolia. Willd. Enum. Hort. Berol. 1. p. 334. 

Roem. et Sch. Syst. Veget. 6. p. 774. Spreng. Syst. 

Veget. \.p. 961. 
Armeria cephalotes. Link. 
Statice cephalotes. Ait. Hort. Kew. ed. 1. p. 383. ed. 2. 

v. 2. p. 180. mild. Sp. PL 1. p. 1523. 
Armeria latifolia. Willd. Enum. Hort. Berol. 1. p. 334. 
Statice Armeria, major. Jacq. Hort. Vindob. p. 16. t, 42. 
Statice pseudo- Armeria. Murr. Syst. p. 300. Brot. Fl. 

Lus. p. 488. Desf. FL All. l.p. 275. 

This fine and most desirable plant has lately been 
brought into notice as something altogether new to our 


gardens, having; been received from France under different 
names. But, though perhaps, long lost to our collec- 
tions, it was introduced to the Royal Gardens of Kew so 
long ago as the year 1775, by J. Nicholas de Jacquin : 
and was, probably, previously to that time, detected at 
Algarbia, in Portugal, by Masson, while collecting for His 
Majesty George III. It seems to be a native of several 
parts of the coast of Portugal ; and also, according to 
Desfontaines, of Barbary also. It is, probably, not hardy 
enough to bear the open border ; but in a cool green- 
house, few plants make a more striking appearance, 
flowering in August and September. 

Descr. Stems very short, frequently, however, bearing 
several flowering: tufts of leaves. Leaves from four to six 
inches long, spreading, broad-spathulate, acute, glaucous- 
green, three to five-nerved, tapering into a narrow petiole, 
which is again a little dilated at the very base. Peduncles 
two to three from the centre, or near the centre of the tufts 
of leaves, a foot to a foot and a-half long, terete, erect, 
moderately flexuose, the apex sheathed by the long tubular 
base of the lower brae teas. Heads of blossoms large (two 
to three inches wide), handsome full rose colour. Brae- 
teas under the capitulum several, imbricated, broad-ovate, 
sharply acute. Flowers crowded. Calyx funnel-shaped; 
the upper half scariose, five- toothed, plicate, each tooth 
with a rather long arista. Petals obovato - spathulate, 
spreading, clawed. Stamens five, exserted : Anthers pur- 
plish. Styles five. 

Fig. 1. Flower with one of its Bracteas. 2. Calyx: — magnified. 

( 4129 ) 



Class and Order. 


( Nat. Ord. — Ternstrgemiace^e. ) 

Generic Character. 

Cah/x pentaphyllus. Corolla 5-polypetala, petalis ple- 
nunque iuaequilateris. Stamina indefinite libera. Ovarium 
superum, quinque- ad multiloculare. Stt/li quinque vel 
pliircs, breves, stiginatibus simplicibus. Capsula lignosa, 
Quinque- ad decemlocularis, quinque- ad decemvalvis. 
Scmina in quovis loculo plura biseriata, apice alata. Mart. 

Specific Character and Synonyms. 

Laplacea* semiserrata ; foliis oblongo-subovatis acutis 
basi oblique attenuates superne serratis coriaceis 
utrinque glabris, floribus in axillis superioribus soli- 
tariis vel aggregatis, petalis 5 ad 8. 

Laplacea semiserrata. St. Hil. Fl. Bras. Merid. p. 300. 

H^smocharis semiserrata. Mart, et Zucc. Nov. Gen. et 
Sp. Bras. 1. p. 107. t 67. 

Lindleya. c< Nees, in Regensb. Bot.-Zeit. 1821. p. 299." 

Wickstrcemia fruticosa. " Schrad. in Goett. Gal. Aug. 
1821. p. 710. 

A native of various parts of Brazil, where, according to 
Martius, it forms a tree thirty to forty feet in height. St. 
Hilaire says of it " Arbor mediocris, v. sa3pius frutex 



* So named by Humboldt in compliment to the distinguished Philoso- 
pher and Mathematician, Laplace. 

ramosus." Whatever may be its size in its native country, 
it is quite certain that in our stoves, it flowers readily in 
the autumn, when not more than a foot high ; and recom- 
mends itself by its handsome Tea-like evergreen foliage 
even more than by its large, delicate white flowers. Mr. 
Gardner gathered it in Goyaz, and it is distributed in his 
collections as Laplacea, n. 3035. For our living plants 
in the Royal Gardens of Kew we are indebted to His Grace 
the Duke of Northumberland, and to Mr. Makoy of Liege. 
Descr. A shrub, or small tree, in its native country ; but 
with us bearing flowers copiously when not. more than a 
foot high, much branched. Leaves alternate, oblong, 
but approaching to obovate, acute, serrated in the upper 
half, entire, and gradually tapering into a short foot-stalk, 
the two sides unequal. Peduncles short, axillary, solitary, 
or aggregated. Calyx of five imbricated, deciduous, rotun- 
date, concave sepals, silky on the outside. Corolla of 
five to eight obovate, white petals, silky on the outside, 
emarginate at the apex. Stamens numerous. Filaments 
subulate. Anthers shortly oval, two-celled. Ovary ovato- 
globose, hairy. Styles five, expanding into as many broad, 
spreading plates or stigmas. 

Fig. 1. Stamen. 2. Pistil. 3. Transverse section of the Ovary :- 

/-v/, jm s, CartiA Ki 

( 4130 ) 

Oncidium tricolor. Three-coloured 

Class and Order. 
Gynandria Monandria. 

( Nat. Ord. — OrchidejE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Labellum explanatum, lobatum, basi tuberculatum. 
Petala patentia (2 autica nunc connata). Columna alata. 
Masste pollinis 2, postice biloba?, medio affixag processu 
communi stigmatis. Br. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Oncidium tricolor ; foliis crasso-coriaceis acute triquetris 
subcomplicato-acute carinatis, scapo paniculato multi- 
floro, sepal is 2 (lateralibus connatis) spathulatis peta- 
lisque ovatis unguiculatis undulatis labelli lobis 
lateralibus parvis lineari-obovatis intermedio expanso 
reniformi-lunato apice emarginato, crista duplici serie, 
serie superiore 5-lobo, inferiore trilobo, alis columns 
acinaciforrnibus crenulatis. 

A very beautiful and entirely new species, with foliage 
resembling that of Oncidium triquetrum (Tab. 3393), and 
Oncidium pulchellum (Tab. 2773), but very different in the 
flowers, both as to form and colouring, being elegantly 
varied with white and yellow, and blotched with blood- 
coloured spots. It was sent to the Royal Gardens of Kew, 
in the autumn of 1843, by our Collector, Mr. Purdie, from 
Jamaica, and blossomed freely attached to a piece of wood 
in March and April of the following year. 

Descr. Epiphyte. Stemless. Leaves subdistichous, 

between fleshy and coriaceous, rigid, triquetrous, acute, 

J with 

with a sharp, deep keel, grooved above. Scape from the 
axil of an outer leaf, about a foot long, soon branching 
out into a lax, much-divided panicle. Branches slender, 
racemose. Sepals spreading : two lateral ones connate, 
spathulate : third and petals ovate, unguiculate, waved, 
all of them yellow, transversely streaked and spotted 
with red. Labellum white ; two lateral lobes small, 
spreading, linear-obovate ; intermediate one large, limate, 
waved. Column short, with a triangular stigma just be- 
neath the anther. 

Fig. 1. Column and Lip. 2. 3. Pollen-masses : — magnified. 


fey, **** 

■.■«» iW'f Li*' 

( 4131 ) 

Begonia rubricaclis. Red-scaped 
Begonia; or Elephant's Ear. 

Class and Order, 


( Nat. Ord. — BegoniacejE. ) 

Generic Character. 

Masc. Calyx o. Corolla polypetala, petalis plerumque 
4, inaequalibus. Fcem. Calyx o. Corolla petalis 4 — 9 
plerumque inaequalibus. Styli 3 bifidi. Capsula triquetra, 
alata, trilocularis, polysperma. 

Specific Name and Character. 

Begonia rubricaulis ; acaulis pubescenti-pilosa, foliis bre- 
vipetiolatis oblique cordatis sinuato-lobatis serratis 
rugosis basi profunde bilobis, lobis rotundatis imbri- 
catis, scapis folio pluries longioribus crassis superne 
paniculato-rarnosis, floribus speciosis, petalis 5 obova- 
tis, fructu turbinato-triquetra, angulis duobus bre- 
vissime alatis tertia ala maxima elongata. 

Our stoves are now becoming extremely rich in the 
plants of this highly ornamental Genus of plants ; but it is 
to be regretted that so many are introduced to our 
gardens, without any record of their native countries. 
Such is the case of the present species, which we have 
received from the excellent Curator of the Birmingham 
Botanic Gardens, without name or clue to its origin. I 
find no description that will agree with it, and have, there- 
tore, given it an appellation significant of the fine red 
colour of the flower-stalks, which, together with the glossy 
leaves, and large rose-coloured and white flowers, renders 
the species peculiarly worthy of cultivation. It is in 
perfection during the summer and autumnal months. 


Descr. Leaves few, the short, fine red petioles rising 
directly out of the earth, of an obliquely ovate form, from 
four to six inches long, slightly hairy, full and bright 
green, wrinkled, as it were, on the surface from the tight- 
ness of the reticulated veins ,• the margins undulate, 
sinuato-lobate, and everywhere closely serrated and cili- 
ated ; the base deeply two-lobed ; the lobes rounded, 
approximated, and the inner edge of one lapping over 
that of the other. Scapes rising up from among the leaves, 
greatly longer than they, thick, tapering upwards, hairy, 
full and bright red, above paniculato-ramose, with several 
large, handsome flowers. Peduncles and pedicels deep red, 
bracteated ; bracteas scariose, loose, and soon deciduous, 
broad oval. Male flowers rather larger than the female : 
each with fixe petals, of which two are red, blush-coloured, 
suffused with a deeper tinge; the three others are cream 
colour, scarcely tinged with blush. Stamens and stigmas 
yellow. Fruit triquetrous, deep red ; two of the angles 
with very short margins or wings ; of the third, the angle 
is produced into a much elongated, somewhat triangular, 
obtuse wing, a little curved upwards. 

Fig. 1. Immature Fruit : — magnified. 


In which the Latin Names of the Plants contained in the Seventeenth 
Volume of the New Series (or Seventieth of the Work) are 
alphabetically arranged. 


4077 Achimenes pedunculata. 

4126 -r picta. 

4050 Acrophyllum verticillatum. 

4049 Aerides affine. 

4123 Ancectochilus setaceus. 

4128 Armeria cephalotes. 

4120 Aristolochia ornithocephala. 

4106 Asclcpias vestita. 

4113 Barleria flava. 

4091 Barkeria spectabilis. 

4100 Begonia Meyeri. 

4131 Begonia rubricaulis. 

4088 Bolbophyllum Calamaria. 

4052 Boronia Fraseri. 

4056 Caltha sagittata. 

4085 Cattleya intermedia; variegata. 

4083 ■ .- superba. 

4063 Cephaelis Ipecacuanha. 

4066 Cereus extensus. 

4084 Pitajaya. 

4093 Oeropegia oculata. 
4116 ChabrEca runcinata. 
4061 Clematis montana; var. gran- 

4065 Convolvulus ocellatus. 
4054 Cycnoches ventricosum ; var. 

4067 Dinema polybulbon. 
4059 Diplolsena Dampieri. 
4091 Disa cornuta. 

4073 grandiflora. 

4102 Dryandra formosa. 
4089 Drymonia punctata. 
4115 Echinocactus concinnus. 

4124 Pentlandi. 

4074 Erica jasminiHora. 

4069 Shannoniana. 

4101 Eriostemon buxii'olium. 
4107 Epidendrum vitcllinum. 
40->2 Fuchsia splendens. 
4121 Gesneria Gardneri. 
4064 Gomphrena pulchella. 
Greenoviu aurea. 

4072 Houlletia Brocklehurstiana. 
4079 Ilex platyphylla. 
4051 Impatiens tricornis. 
4068 Ipomaea crassipes. 
4118 Juanulloa parasitica. 
4099 Lselia peduncularis. 
4090 superbiens. 

4129 Laplacea semiserrata. 
4112 Lepanthes sanguinea. 

4095 Loasa Pentlandii. 
4110 Lomatia tinctoria. 
4048 Luxemburgia ciliosa. 
4060 Mammillaiia tetracantha. 
4081 Maxillaria ciliata. 

4103 Microstylis histionantha. 
4109 Miltonia Clovvesii. 
4092 Morina longifolia. 
4122 Myosotis Azorica. 

4080 Nematanthus chloronema. 

4096 Nephelium Longan. 

4104 Odontoglossum pulchellum. 

4130 Oncidium tricolor. 
4086 Pentas carnea. 

4053 Petalidium barlerioides. 
4078 Phajus bicolor. 
4076 Phaseolus lobatus. 
4117 Pterodiscus speciosus. 
4108 Saccolabium guttatum. 
407 L Scaphyglottis violacea. 

4105 Siphocampylus lantanifolius. 
4127 Stapelia cactiformis. 

4055 Statice rhytidophylla. 
4125 - ■ macrophylla. 

4058 Stephanotis floribunda. 
4062 Tacsonia pinnatistipula. 
4070 Tetranema Mexicanum. 
4111 Thomasia stipulacea. 
4119 Thunbergia chrysops. 

4097 Tropseolum Lobbianum. 

4098 Umbilicus malacophyllus. 
41 14 Vanda teres. 

4057 Veronica speciosa. 
4075 Viscaria oculata. 

I N D E X, 

In which the English Names of the Plants contained in the Seven- 
teenth Volume of the New Series (or Seventieth of the Work) 
are alphabetically arranged. 


4077 Achimenes, long-stalked. 4079 

4126 pointed. 1 4063 

4050 AcropHyllum, whorl-leaved. | 4068 
4049 Aeride:,, rose-coloured ; or 

Air- plant. :i 4118 

4123 Ancectochilus, fringed. \ 4076 

4106 Asclepias, hairy-stemmed. | 1429 

4051 Balsam, three-horned; or \ 4090 

Touch-me-not. ! 4099 

4094 Barkeria, showy. -\ 4112 

4113 Barleria, yellow. 4095 

4100 Begonia, Mr. Meyer's; or Ele- 4110 

phant's Ear. I 4096 

4131 red-scaped; or Ele- ! 4048 

phant's Ear. \ 4060 

4063 Bind- weed, purple eyed. 4181 

4120 Birth-wort, Bird's Head. 'i 4103 

4071 Boat-Lip, violet. .; 4109 

4088 Bolbophyllum, quill -stem- jl 4092 

med. 4122 

4052 Boronia, Mr. Fraser's. 

4035 Cattleya intermediate, varie- | 4097 

4083 superb. j 4080 

40G6 Cereus, long-stemmed; or 

Torch-Thistle. | 4104 

4084 variable; or Pitajaya. 4130 

4093 Ceropegia, ocellated. \ 4036 

41 K) Chahraa, changeable-flowered i 4053 

4054 Cycnoches, ventricose-lipped ; | 4078 

or Swan-neck; Sir Francis ! 4117 

Egerton's var. ' 4108 

4067 Dmema, many-bulbed. ;| 4055 

4059 Diplolaena, Dampier's. 

4091 Disa, homed- flowered. 4105 

4073 large-flowered. | 4057 

4102 Dryandra, splendid. : 4127 

4089 Drymonia, spotted-flowered. 4125 
4115 Echinocactus, neat. 4058 
4124 red-flowered. 4062 

4107 Epidendrum, Yolk-of-Egg. 

4101 Eriostemon, box-leaved. ' 4070 
4056 Fig-Marigold, arrow-leaved. \\ 4111 
4082 Fuchsia, splendid. !j 4128 

4121 Gesneria, Mr. Gardner's. I 4119 

4064 Globe-Amaranth, large-flow- 

ered. | 4098 

1087 Greenovia, golden. 4114 

4074 Heath, flask-flowered. 4061 
4069 Lady Shannon's. 

4072 Houlletia, Mr. Brocklehurst's. 4075 

Holly, Canarian, broad-leaved. 


Ipomsea, thick-flower-stalked ; 
or Bindweed 

Juanulloa, parasitic. 

Kidney-Bean, lobe-leaved. 

Laplacea, semiserrated-leaved. 

Lselia, gorgeous. 


Lepanthes, blood-coloured. 

Loasa, Mr. Pentland's. 

Lomatia, dyeing. 


Luxemburgia, fringe-leaved. 

Mammillaria, four-spined. 

Maxillaria, fringe -lipped. 

Microstylis, sail-flowered. 

Miltonia, Mr. Clowes'. 

Moiina, long-leaved. 

Mouse-ear, Azorean ; or For- 

Nasturtium ; or Mr. Lobb's 
Indian Cress. 

Nematanthus, shorter-flower- 

Odontoglossum, elegant. 

Oncidium, three-coloured. 

Pentas, flesh-coloured. 

Petalidium, Barleria-like. 

Phajus, two-coloured. 

Pterodiscus, showy. 

Saccolabium, spotted. 

Sea-Lavander, rasp leaved, 

Siphocampylus, Lantana-leaved 

Speedwell, showy -flowered. 

Stapelia, Cactus-like. 

Statice, large-leaved; or Thrift. 

StephanoLis, copious-flowering 

Tacsonia, Mrs. Marryatt's ; or 

Tetranema, Mexican. 

Thomasia, large-stipuled. 

Thrift, large-headed. 

Thunbergia, purple, golden- 

Umbilicus, soft-leaved. 

Vanda, quill-leaved. 

Virgin's Bower, Mountain, 

large-flowered, var. 
Viscaria, dark- eyed.