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Full text of "Curtis's botanical magazine."

CURTIS'S 



BOTANICAL MAGAZINE 



COMPRISING THK 



plants of tfte &opaI <8artmtfii of Ittto, 

.'. VII 

OF OTHER BOTANICAL ESTABLISHMENTS IN GREAT BRITAIN ; 
WITH SUITABLE DESCRIPTIONS: 



SIR WILLIAM JACKSON HOOKER, K.H., B.C. L., Oxon, 

1.1.11.. F.R.S., and L.S , Vire -President of the Linnean Society, and Director of the Koyal Gardens of Kcu 

AMI 

OBSERVATIONS ON THE CULTURE OF EACH SPECIES; 

By Mr. JOHN SMITH, A.L.S., 

Curator of the Royal Gardens. 

VOL. VI. (J]_ 
OF THE THIRD SE HI ESj 

{Or VoI.LXXri. of the Wk 




u borne 
En le I'iinnoiss 



LONDON 
REEVE AND B 

n E N in ETT A ST B V, i 



\ R I) K N 



L850. 




PRINTED BY RKEVE AND NICHOLS, 
SXATHCOCK COURT, STRAND. 



TO 

dr. John torrey, 

THE DISTINGUISHED AUTHOR 

(IN CONJUNCTION WITH DR. ASA GRAY) 

OF 

THE FLORA OF NORTH AMERICA, 
€f)t present Wohxmt 

IS INSCRIBED, 
WITH SENTIMENTS OP GREAT REGARD AND AFFECTION, 



BY 



THE AUTHOR. 



Royal Gardens, Kew, 
Dec. 1st, 1850. 



INDEX, 

In which the Latin Names of the Plants contained in the Sixth 
Volume of the Third Series (or Seventy-sixth Volume of 
the' Work) are alphabetically arranged. 



Plate. 

4492 Acanthophippium Javanicum. 

4563 iEschynanthus Javanicus. 

4548 Almeidea rubra. 

4507 Anigozanthos tyrianthina. 

4544 Astrapsea viscosa. 

4551 Bertolonia maculata. 
4532 Bolbophyllum Lobbii. 
4541 Calanthe Masuca. 

4525 Calceolaria Pavonii. 
4500 Calliandra brevipes. 
4530 Campy lobotrys discolor. 

4552 Centrosolenia glabra. 
4499 Cephalotaxus Fortuni. 
4498 Cereus Tweediei. 

4495 Clematis graveolens. 
4536 Coccoloba macropbylla. 

4496 Ccelogyne Wallichii. 
4514 Colquhounia coccinea. 

4527 Dendrobium Kingianum. 
4494 Dipteracanthus spectabilis. 
4486 Ecbinocactus rhodopbthalmus. 
4521 Echinopsis cristata ; var. purpu- 
rea. 

4547 Echites Franciscea ; var. rloribus 
sulpbureis. 

4526 Eugenia Brasiliensis. 
4546 Freziera tlieoides. 
4506 Fuchsia bacillaris. 
4504 Gesneria Seemanni. 
4539 (jordonia Javanica. 
4511 Gynoxys fragrans. 

4528 Hakea cucullata. 

1 5 1 llcdvcbium chrysoleucuin. 

4545 Hoya campanulata. 

1518 coriacea. 

4521) purpurco-fusca. 



Plate. 

4531 Hypocyrta gracilis. 

4513 Ixora barbata. 

4523 salicifolia, 

4502 Lagetta lintearia. 

4501 Lardizabala biternata. 

4522 Luvunga scandens. 

4510 Mangifera Indica. 

4533 Mediuilla magnifica. 
4515 Metrosideros buxifolia. 

4488 tomentosa. 

4491 Microsperma bartonioides. 

4535 Nyrnphsea micrantha. 

4517 Oberonia iridifolia. 

4519 Ochna atro-purpurea. 

4489 Ophelia corymbosa. 

4542 Opuntia Salmiana. 

4490 Oxalis elegans. 
4553 Oxyspora vagans. 

4508 Pachira alba. 

4549 longiflora. 

4497 Pentstemon cordifolius. 

4543 Pimelea macrocephala. 
4540 Pitcairuia Jacksoni. 

4534 Portlandia platantha. 

4550 Primula capitata. 

4524 Rhododendron jasminillorum. 

4509 Rhodoleia Championi. 

4537 Spathodea lsevis. 

4538 Stylidium mucronifolium. 

4529 saxifragoides. 

4505 Tupa crassicaulis. 

4487 Valoradia plumbaginoides. 

4512 Veronica formosa. 

1493 Zauschucria California! ; rur. 
tifolia. 



INDEX, 

In which the English Names of the plants contained in the Sixth 
Volume of the Third Series (or Seventy-sixth Volume of 
the Work) are alphabetically arranged. 



Plate. Plate. 

4492 Acanthophippium, Javanese. 4523 

4503 iEschynanthus, Javan. 4502 
4548 Almeidea, red-flowered. 4501 
4507 Anigozanihus, Tyrian-purple- 4522 

flowered. 4510 

4544 Astrapsea, viscid. 4533 

4551 Bertolonia, spotted-leaved. 4515 
4532 Bolbophyllum, Mr. Lobb's. 4488 
4541 Calanthe, purple-flowered. 4491 
4500 Calliandra, short-peduncled. 4517 

4530 Campylobotrys, two-coloured. 4519 

4552 Centrosolenia, glabrous-leaved. 4489 
4499 Cephalotaxus, Mr. Fortune's. 4542 
4498 Cereus, Mr. .Tweedie's golden- 4553 

flowered. 4508 

4496 Ccelogyne, Dr. Wallich's. 4549 

4514 Colquhounia, scarlet-flowered. 4497 

4527 Dcndrobium, Captain King's. 4543 
4494 Dipteracanthus, handsome-flow- 4540 

ered. 4534 

4486 Echinocactus, red-eyed. 4550 

4521 Echinopsis, crested; purple- 4524 

flowered var. 

4547 Echites, the River Francisco ; 4509 

sulphur-coloured var. 4536 

4526 Eugenia, Brazilian. 4525 

4546 Freziera, Tea-leaved. 4537 

4506 Fuchsia, red-branched. 4512 

4516 Garland-flower, golden and white. 4538 

4504 Gesneria, Mr. Seemanu's. 4529 
4539 Gordonia, entire-leaved Javanese. 4195 
4511 (iynoxys, fragrant. 4505 

4528 llakca, cucullate-leaved. 

1545 Hoja, bell-flowered. 4535 

1518 coriaceous-leaved. 

\; y >{) bruwn-purplc-lloweivd. 1490 

4531 llypom-tu, slender. U93 
1513 Ixura, bearded. 



lxora, willow-leaved. 

Lace-bark, Jamaica. 

Lardizabala, biternate-leaved . 

Luvunga, scandent. 

Mango-tree. 

Medinilla, magnificent. 

Metrosideros, box-leaved. 

— downy-leaved. 

Microsperma, Bartonia-like. 

Oberonia, Iris-leaved. 

Ochna, dark-purple. 

Ophelia, corymbose. 

Opuntia, Prince de Salm's. 

Oxyspora, weak-stemmed. 

Pachira, white-flowered. 

long-flowered. 

Pentstemon, heart-leaved. 

Pimclea, large-headed. 

Pitcairnia, Mr. Jackson's. 

Portlandia, broad-flowered. 

Primrose, round-headed mealy. 

Rhododendron, Jessamine-flow- 
ered. 

Rhodoleia, Captain Champion's. 

Sea-side Grape, large-leaved. 

Slipper-wort, Pavon's. 

Spathodea, smooth-leaved. 

Speedwell, handsome. 

Stylidium, bristle-pointed. 

■ — Saxifrage-like. 

Traveller's Joy, heavy-scented. 

Tupa, thick-stemmed. 

Valoradia, Leadwort-like. 

Water-Kly, small-flowered proli- 
ferous. 

Wood-sorrel, elegant. 

Zauschaeria, Califoraian; broad- 
leaved var. 



4- 4- #6. 




Pitch del etlifti 



R.B. & R,.imp 



Tab. 448(5. 

ECHINOCACTUS rhodophthalmus. 

Red-eyed Echinocaciux. 



Nat. Ord. Cacte.e. — Icosandkia Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 4124.) 



Eohinocactus rJiodophthalmus ■ solitarius subelatus conico-columnaris profunde 
8-9-sulcatus, costis obtusis crenato-tuberculatis tuberculis compressis sub- 
hemisphaericis, areolis obsolete lanatis, aculeis subnovem validis rectis pur- 
pureo-fuscis demum pallidis, centrali subduplo majore, calycis tubo obconico 
squamoso inermi squamis sepalisve ovatis alboinarginatis, petalis spathulatis 
roseis basi intense rubris. 



Received from Mr. Staines, who procured it from the neigh- 
bourhood of San Luis Potosi, Mexico, and we do not find the 
description of any species to correspond with it. In its flourishing 
state it is exceedingly handsome, the deep red of the base of 
the petals forming a ring, as it were, round the densely-clustered 
stamens and bright yellow rays of the stigma, adding much to 
the beauty of the blossom. It flowers with us in August. 

Descr. Our plants are from four to five inches high, sub- 
columnar, but tapering upwards almost from the base, deeply 
cut into about eight or nine furrows, the ridges obtuse, but formed 
into lobes or tubercles by transverse lines ; the tubercles are sub- 
heinisphserical but compressed ; the areola furnished with obscure 
wool : the spines about nine, strong, straight, tapering, flattened, 
at first deep purple, afterwards pale and almost colourless, length 
from three-quarters of an inch to an inch, mostly spreading, but 
the central one, which is much the longest and strongest, stands 
forward. The flowers are produced from the summit of the 
plant, large, handsome. The calyx-tube (or green portion) about 
an inch long, obconical, quite destitute of spines or setae, but 
with the scales or sepals ovate, brown with pale margins, gradually 
passing into the long, linear-spathulate, acute, spreading, bright 
rose-coloured petals, which have a dark red almost crimson spot 
at the base, forming a radiating circle around the column of 
stamens and style. Stamens numerous, very compact : filaments 

JANUARY 1ST, 1850. B 



white, slender : style as long as the stamens : stigma of nine or 
ten spreading, bright yellow rays, covering the anthers. W.J.H. 
Cult. At Tab. 4417 we have said that Cacte® are almost in- 
different as to the kind of soil they are grown in, provided it is not 
retentive of hioisture. The present very pretty species will thrive 
in a mixture of light loam and leaf-mould, containing a small 
quantity of lime-rubbish nodules ; the latter being for the pur- 
pose of keeping the mould from becoming close and compact, 
a condition not suitable to the soft and tender roots of the plant. 
If cultivated in a pot, it must be well drained ; the pot being 
nearly half filled with broken potsherds, and the upper layer so 
placed as to cover the interstices, in order to prevent the mould 
from mixing with the drainage. During winter, Mexican Cactece 
do not require much artificial heat : several species are, indeed, 
known to bear with impunity a few degrees of frost. Where 
they can be cultivated by themselves, we recommend that the 
plants and atmosphere of the house should be kept in a dry 
state during winter, artificial heat being given only during a 
long continuance of damp cold weather or in severe frost ; but 
at no time during winter needs the temperature of the house to 
exceed 50° at night. In sunny days in spring the house should 
be kept close, in order that the plants may receive the full 
benefit of the heat of the sun's rays. As the summer-heat 
increases air should be admitted, and occasionally the plants 
should be freely watered, and in hot weather daily syringed 
over-head. /. S. 



4-4-8 7. 







Tab. 4487. 

VALORADIA plumbaginoides. 

Leadwort-Uke Valor adia. 



Nat. Ord. Plumbagine^e. — Pentandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx glumaceo-membranaceus, hyalinus, eglandulosus, penta- 
phyllus, sepalis linearibus trinerviis marginibus conniventibus tubum gamosepa- 
lum pentagonum apice cuspidato-quinquedentatum mentientibus, costae 5 seu 
angulis ex nervis binis marginalibus sepalorum contiguorum oriundae in sinus 
dentium abeuntes eisque alternae. Corolla gamopetala, hypocraterimorpha, tubo 
calycem superante, limbo quinquepartito. Stamina 5, hypogyna, a corolla libera, 
ejus lobis opposita. Anther ce Uneares, basi bifida?. Ovarium lineari-oblongum, 
stylo terminali filiformi superatum. Stigmata 5, filiformia, latere interiori pa- 
pilloso-glandulosa. Utriculus (ex Hochst.) sub-coriaceus, inferne quinque-valvis, 
apice calyptrseformis. Semen (ex eod.) fusiforme subquinquecostatum.— Planta 
perennis Chinensis, vel suffrutices Abyssinici, foliis setoso-ciliatis, floribus in capi- 
tula bracteata terminalia et axillaria congestis, singulo tribracteato, bractea exte- 
riori concava lateralibus carinato-plicatis. Calycis insertione recti cestivatio val- 
varis, corollee contorta. Boiss. 



Valoradia plumbaginoides ; herbacea, ramis flexuosis angulosis parce setulosis 
foliis obovatis obtusis basi attenuatis margine ciliatis, floribus in glomerulos 
densos bracteatos 3-7-floros in axillis superioribus sessiles terminalesque 
dispositis, bracteis scariosis cuspidatis, corollte lirabi lobis obcordatis. 

Valoradia plumbaginoides. Boiss. in Be Cand. Prodr. v. 12. p. 695. 

Ceratostigma plumbaginoides. Bunge, Enum. PI. Chin. p. 55 (1831). 

Plumbago Larpentae. Lindl. in Garden. Chron. v. 6 (184 ). p. 732. cum Ic. 
Boiss. in Be Cand. Prodr. v. 12. p. 694. 



Under the name of Plumbago Larpenta this (when well culti- 
vated) really lovely plant, has among horticulturists been for the 
last two years a subject of much controversy, as regards its 
merits as a border flower. This will be alluded to by Mr. Smith 
under the head of " Culture." It was introduced to our country 
by Lady Larpent, from China, and we perform no enviable 
duty in restoring the original specific name (given to it so 
long ago as 1831) ; for we know no lady who has deserved 
better of botany and horticulture than Lady Larpent. Her 
garden, at Roehampton, was long distinguished by high cultivation 
and the rarity and beauty of the plants. 

JANUARY 1ST, 1850. B 2 



The species inhabits the vicinity of Pekin. We possess an 
original specimen from Bunge gathered there, and another from 
Mr. Fortune (his n. 33). We could have wished Boissier had 
retained Bunge's generic name, Ceratostigma, founded on this 
species, deriving that name from the minute ramifications of 
the stigmas resembling horns, while in the original Valoradia 
(established by Hochstetter in 1842) the glands are entirely 
sessile. On such grounds we should have to sacrifice a multi- 
tude of existing names. 

Descr. Boot perennial. Stem herbaceous, varying from six 
inches to a foot and a half high, flexuose, angled, and slightly 
setose, red, much and densely branched; branches upright. 
Leaves alternate, spreading, obovate, penniuerved, obtuse, at- 
tenuated at the base, the lower ones almost petioled : the upper 
ones smaller and quite sessile, all ciliated. Floivers collected 
several together, into bracteated sessile, axillary or terminal 
heads. Bracteas scariose, tinged with red, cuspidate, ciliated 
along the back and at the margin. Calyx longer than the bracts, 
slender, tubular, glabrous, furrowed, terminated by five, subu- 
late, appressed teeth. Corolla hypocrateriform : the tube longer 
than the calyx : the limb bright purple-blue : the limb regular, 
cut to its base into five heart-shaped, spreading lobes, slightly 
plaited and minutely toothed. Stamens monadelphous at the 
base. Anthers linear, exserted. Ovary oblong. Style gla- 
brous, shorter than the stamens. Stiymas five, linear, beset on 
on the upper side with prominent clavate or slightly stipitate 
ylands. W. J. H. 

Cult. Although this plant is of but recent introduction, yet 
its rapid increase by cuttings has made it already very common 
in the gardens of this country. Owing to some circum- 
stances connected with its introduction and dissemination, its 
cultivation and its merits as an ornamental flowering plant have 
been the subject of much discussion with cultivators, perhaps 
more than it deserves; for although it recommends itself to 
notice by its pretty blue flowers, yet, considering its relationship 
and the conditions under which it flourishes in its native country, 
we do not think it will give satisfaction as an ornamental plant 
to the generality of cultivators. We learn that it is a native of 
China, and has been observed as far north as Pekin ; but that the 
plant was found in a wild state on the city walls of Shanghae, 
" growing out of the stone-work," and " on the raised ramparts," 
where it is said to be very ornamental. We naturally pre- 
sume that a stone wall built by the hand of man is not its 
original place of growth ; but as it has there become naturalized, 
we may infer that its natural habitat is in dry rocky places 
subject to great summer heat, and enduring a considerable de- 



gree of cold in winter ; for at Shanghae, during the summer 
months, the thermometer ranges from 100° to 110°, and falls in 
Avinter sometimes as low as 13° ; a degree of cold not much less 
than that of many of our winters. This being the first year of 
its general cultivation here, it is, as might be expected, praised 
by some and called " worthless " by others ; which no doubt 
arises from the different conditions and local influences under 
which the plants have been placed by cultivators. These condi- 
tions, probably, all differ more or less from those which cause it 
to become an ornamental plant in its native country, and are 
such as we cannot well supply, especially the principal element, 
viz., solar heat of a longer duration and a greater degree than our 
climate affords. With respect to the degree of cold it will bear, 
we have observed that it is injured by a few degrees of frost. 
Although it may live in the open ground in moderate winters, in 
the character of an herbaceous perennial, yet our protracted cold 
weather in spring will retard its growth, and thus, with a defi- 
ciency of heat in summer, it will make but little progress. With 
such views we consider it best to treat it as a tender plant, 
keeping it under protection during winter. If intended for the 
flower-border, the young plants should be placed in a warm pit 
or frame early in the spring, so as to have them in a forward 
state by the end of May ; if required for an ornamental plant in 
the greenhouse, it may be potted in a mixture of peat-soil and 
vegetable mould, mixed with siftings of lime-rubbish, the pot 
being well drained, so that any excess of water will pass off 
freely. /. S. 



Fig. 1. Pistil, with the base of the stamens. 2. Ovary. 3. Flower 
magnified. 



/. /. 



#8. 







Tab. 4488. 

METROSIDEROS tomentosa. 

Downy -leaved Metrosideros. 



Nat. Ord. Myrtace^e. — Icosandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4471.) 



Mltrosideros tomentosa ; foliis oppositis ellipticis coriaceis obtusiusculis bre- 
vissime petiolatis supra glabris subtus ramulis calycibusque cinereo-tomen- 
tosis, covyrabis compositis terminalibus, pedicellis bi-trifloris, ovario turbi- 
nato-cylindraceo, petalis minutis, capsulis Iambus. 

Metrosideros tomentosa. A. Rich. F. Nov. Zel. p. 336. t. 37. All. Omm. 
Bot. N. Zeal, in Ann. of Nat. Hist. v. 3. p. 113. Walp. Repert. v. 2. p. 165. 



Native of New Zealaud, where it was discovered, in 1709, by 
Sir Joseph Banks, during the voyage of the illustrious Cook. 
" It inhabits," says Mr. Allan Cunningham (by whom it was 
introduced to the Royal Gardens of Kew), " usually the rocky 
sea-coast and shores of the Bay of Islands, where it is called 
by the natives Pohutu-Kawa, and is readily distinguished 
among other plants by the brilliancy and abundance of its 
flowers, enlivening the shores of the northern island with its 
blossoms in December. With us in the greenhouse it has 
attained the height of six feet, and attracted attention by its 
copious compact, but spreading ramification, and the abundance 
and beauty of its evergreen foliage. Its blossoming this year 
(for the first time) was probably encouraged by planting it out, 
by way of experiment, in the spring, in a sheltered part of the 
woods of the Pleasure-ground, in a soil of rich vegetable leaf- 
mould. During the summer, almost every branchlet was termi- 
nated by the vivid scarlet blossoms, and it became a conspicuous 
object at a distance. Already, however, (December 1849) the 
frosts have damaged the foliage, and, except those from the lofty 
mountains, we dare not hope that any of the New Zealand trees 
or shrubs will bear our inland winters in Great Britain. 

Descr. In its native country it forms an " ordinary -sized tree, 

JANUARY 1ST, 1850. 



the wood hard, close-grained, and heavy, equally valuable for 
ship-building and implements of husbandry." The younger 
branches green and downy. Leaves opposite, on very short 
thick petioles, elliptical and often obtuse, but varying to ovato- 
knceolate, or even lanceolate and acute, coriaceous, under a 
lens minutely reticulated and dotted, dark green and glabrous 
above, pale, whitish or ash-colour, and downy or tomentose 
beneath. Corymbs terminal, very tomentose: pedicels bearing 
two or three sessile jloioers articulated upon them. Ovary or 
calyx-tube between cylindrical and turbinate, woolly, crowned 
by the five, spreading, ovate calyx-lobes. Petals yellow, minute. 
Stamens copious. Filaments very long, at first beautifully invo- 
lute, at length erect, bright red. Style shorter than the 
stamens. W. J. H. 

CuLt. This beautiful Metrosideros is analogous in its manner 
of growth to the species figured at t. 4471. In its native country 
it is described as making its first appearance on other trees, as an 
epiphyte. By its strong and rapid growth it soon envelopes the 
parent tree, its woody roots descending till they reach the 
ground, and there spreading to a great extent, while the main 
roots, by their numbers and interlacings, ultimately become so 
combined that they form a trunk of a singular appearance and 
sometimes of an immense size. The original tree dies, and its 
decaying trunk becomes food for the parasite ; the latter in this 
respect resembling the fig-trees of the tropics or the ivy of this 
country. It is also said to form a tree without the aid of others 
With us it grows luxuriantly if planted in light loam and 
kept in a cool greenhouse, and forms a handsome evergreen bush 
The figure here represented was made from an individual that 
had become too large for our greenhouse accommodation As it 
afforded the opportunity of testing the degree of cold it would 
bear, a sheltered situation amongst trees was selected where it 
was planted in May 1849. During the summer it' flowered 
protusely, presenting a very striking appearance for an out-door 
shrub, and continued to flourish till the first frosts • but we 
observe with regret, that this fine shrub will not live in the open 
air where the thermometer falls a few degrees below the freezino- 

by cuttings 18 IT ° f free P ° Wth ' and 1S readl1 ? P r °^ ate§ 



Fig. 1. Flower, from which the stamens are removed -.-magnified. 



4-4-83. 




I . et Ji*. . 



U.B.S 



Tab. 4489. 

OPHELIA CORYMBOSA. 

Corymbose Ophelia. 



Nat. Ord. Genttane^:. — Tetrandria Monogykia. 



Gen. Char. Calyx 5- 4-partitus, segmentis ima basi connexis valvaribus. Corolla 
marcescens, rotata, 5- 4-partita, plicis coronaque continua destituta, supra basin 
foveis glanduliferis nunc nudis nunc squamula saepius fimbriata tectis et margine 
hinc fimbriatis instructa. Stamina 5, 4, corollse fauci inserta, filamentis nunc basi 
dilatatis monadelphis nunc basi aequalibus liberis. Antheree incumbentes, nutantes, 
ssepius virescentes. Ovarium uniloculare, ovulis suturse insertis plurimis. Stig- 
mata bina, terminalia, brevia, saepius revoluta, stylo nullo v. brevi. Capsula 
bivalvis, septicida, unilocularis, placentis nunc spongiosis suturalibus nunc juxta 
suturas expansis. Semina placentis immersa, numerosissima, minima, plerumque 
exalata. — Herbs fere omnes Imaicola, annua v. rarius perennes, strictce, ramosee, 
paniculatee, internodiis subaqualibus, foliis oppositis, cymis extremis umbellifbrmi- 
bus, hinc contractis. Griseb. 



Ophelia corymbosa ; caule tetragono adscendente, ramis fastigiatis, foliis spatbu- 
latis ellipticisque hinc scabriusculis trinerviis, imis majoribus, caulinis bre- 
viusculis sessilibus, cymis fastigiatis paucifloris, pedicellis patenti-erectis, 
calycis segmentis linearibus acuminata corolla \ brevioribus, corollas 4- 
partitae coerulese segmentis obovato-ellipticis mucronatis expansis, foveis 
minutis orbiculatis solitariis squamula apice fimbriata tectis fimbriarumque 
brevium serie cinctis, filamentis linearibus. 

Ophelia corymbosa. Griseb. Gent. p. 317. efin Be Cand. Prodr. v. 9. p. 125. 

Swertia corymbosa. Wight, MS. in Herb. Hook. 



Ophelia corymbosa of Grisebach was first described from 
Nilgherry specimens communicated to us many years ago by 
Dr. Wight, under the MS. name of Swertia corymbosa. Seeds 
of the plant have been recently sent to the Royal Gardens from 
the same country by Dr. Schmidt, and they flowered in a cool 
greenhouse in "August 1849. Being only an annual, they 
would probably have succeeded quite as well in the open air. 
The plant is pretty, and, though not showy, will probably answer 
well for bedding out, as it continues long in blossom. 

Descr. Root small, annual. Stem erect, a foot high, four- 
angled, slightly branched below ; above, every pair of leaves 

JANUARY 1ST, 1850. 



bears opposite branches, which become corymbose at the ex- 
tremity. Leaves obovato-spathulate, slightly scabrous at the 
margin, the lower ones very obtuse, upper ones almost obovate 
and acute. Corymbs terminal ; bracts, or uppermost leaves, often 
whorled and then bearing a fascicle of pedicels. Calyx of five, 
spreading, narrow, almost subulate sepals, shorter than the corolla. 
Corolla pale purple with a white eye, rotate, deeply cut into four 
spreading broadly obovate, veined segments, at the base of each 
of which is a nectariferous cavity, partially closed with a vein 
and a tuft of hairs. Stamens four : filaments erect, shorter than 
the pistil. Ovary ovate, acuminate : style scarcely any : stigmas 
two, short, obtuse, recurved. W. J. H. 

Cult. A tender annual, of slender habit, possessing more 
interest for the botanist than as an object of show for the cul- 
tivator ; and as it does not ripen its seeds freely, it may be 
expected to be a plant of not very frequent occurrence. Its 
seeds should be sown in the spring, in pots filled with light peat 
soil, and as they are small a slight pressure on the surface will 
suffice, no covering of mould being necessary. The pot should 
be placed in a warm pit or on a shelf near the glass in the stove, 
keeping it in an equable, moderately moist state, and shaded from 
the sun in the middle of the day. In watering, a fine rose 
water-pot must be used, so as not to disturb the seeds or the 
surface of the mould. In some cases like this, it is advisable to set 
the seed-pots in pans of water, the water rising to the surface of 
the mould by capillary attraction ; but in adopting this method, 
care must be taken that the mould does not become saturated, 
which it is very apt to do while there are no roots to draw off 
the moisture. When the plants have attained sufficient strength, 
they should be thinned out and the pots removed to a cooler 
and more airy situation, preparatory to their removal to the 
greenhouse, where they will flower during the summer. /. 8. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Petal. 3. Pistil: — magnified. 



4-4-30. 







Tab. 4490. 
oxalis elegans. 

fflegant Wood-sorrel. 



Nat. Ord. OxALiDEiE. — Decandkia Pentagynia. 

Gen. Char. Cal. 5-sepalus, sepalis liberis aut basi coalitis. Pet. 5. Stam. 10 : 
filamentis basi breviter monadelphis, 5 ext. alternis brevioribus. Styli 5, apice 

penicelliformes aut capitati. Capsula pentagona, oblonga, aut cylindracea. — Herbs 
perennes,caulescentes stipitatee aut acaules, foliis variis sed nunquam abrupte pinnatis. 

Be Cand. 



Oxalis (Caprinae) elegans ; glaberrima, foliis peltatim trifoliolatis longe petiolatis 
foliolis deltoideis vel subrhomboideis angulis obtusissimis, scapis longissimis 
6-9-floris, sepalis acuminatis apice glandulis 4 linearibus aurantiacis, pe- 
talis violaceis basi intense purpureis, staminibus glabris longioribus squami- 
geris, stylis pubeseentibus. 

a. floribus majoribus pallidioribus, foliolis subtus purpureis. (Left-hand figure.) 

Oxalis elegans. //. B. K. Nov. Gen. Am. v. 5. p. 234. et 466. Be Cand. Prodr. 
v. \. p. 695. 

i8. floribus minoribus, colore intensiore, foliolis subtus pallide viridibus. 



Notwithstanding certain discrepancies between this plant and 
the figure of Oxalis elegans given by Humboldt, above quoted, 
I have every reason to believe it to be the same ; allowance being 
made for that figure being executed from dried specimens. Some 
differences also are observable between the figure and descrip- 
tion, for whereas the leaves are represented as hairy, the specific 
character speaks of them as glabrous. A more important differ- 
ence is in the uniformly slightly dilated filaments of the stamens 
in Humboldt's figure, whereas the stamens of our plant exhibit 
the long stamens as furnished with a broad scale on the filament, 
the shorter ones subulate and naked ; but this character is found 
to vary extremely in other flowers, and the filaments are even 
sometimes as uniformly subulate as in Humboldt's figure. The 
species inhabits the Andes of Loxa in Columbia, bordering on 
Peru, at an elevation of nearly 7,000 feet above the level of the 
sea. It was there detected by Humboldt, and it was thence 
sent by Mr. Wm. Lobb to Mr. Veitch, from whom our specimens 
were received. It appears to be quite hardy ; and continuing, 

JANUARY 1ST, 1850. 



as it does, flowering through the summer and autumn, it will 
probably make a good plant for bedding out. It is difficult to 
say which of the two varieties is the best. The flowers of var. a. 
are the largest, but the palest coloured : var. @. has the smaller 
but deepest coloured blossom. Whether the purple underside 
of the leaf is peculiar to a. or occasionally common to both, I 
cannot say. 

Descr. Boots, we believe, tuberous. Petioles a span and 
more long, rising directly from the root and bearing three 
deltoid or subrhomboid leaflets, radiating as it were from a centre, 
glabrous, having obtuse angles, generally purple beneath in a, pale 
green beneath in /3. Scapes longer than the petioles, glabrous, 
terminated by an umbel of from six to nine or ten handsome 
showy flowers. Pedicels at first deflexed, at length, in flower, 
erect or spreading. Sepals five, erect, appressed, lanceolate, 
somewhat mucronato-acuminate, bearing at the apex four slender, 
linear, orange-coloured glands, which unite into one at the very 
apex. Petals broad-oval, unguiculate, spreading. The entire 
corolla is of a purple colour, more or less deep, and varying a 
little in size : in the centre is an intensely dark purple eye. 
Stamens 10 : filaments glabrous, monadelphous below; the five 
shorter ones naked, the five longer ones generally with a distinct 
large scale, but which is more or less obsolete in different flowers. 
Styles five, longer than the longest stamens, pubescent : stigmas 
dilated and umbilicated. W. J. H. 

Cult. This pretty plant represents a form common to a large 
groupe of a very extensive genus, characterized as perennial plants 
having tuberous roots. The present species, being one of that 
groupe, and coming from the elevated region of Loxa, may be 
expected to prove hardy, especially if planted in a warm border, 
the precaution being taken to cover the border with a layer of 
dry leaves, fern, or other such light material, that will act as a 
non-conductor of frost. It is necessary, however, to be careful 
that such covering does not remain on too long, for it is apt to 
stimulate the tubers into premature growth. In cultivating this 
plant in pots, a mixture of light sandy loam and leaf-mould will 
be found to suit it. The tubers should be potted after the 
leaves decay in the autumn, and the pots placed in a cold frame 
and kept rather dry during winter. When they begin to grow, 
air must be freely given, and the supply of water increased in 
accordance with their advancing growth. No shading is re- 
quired, as the flowers of most of the species only open under 
the full influence of the sun. /. S. 



Fig. 1. Sepal. 2. Stameus and pistil : — inagnijied. 



4-4-34. 




oh..ailet1itiL. 



Heeve, BetiiiiiL i: Reeve, urtj . 



Tab. 4491. 
MICROSPERMA bartonioides. 

Bartonia-like Microsperma. 



Nat. Ord. Loase/E. — Polyadelphia Polyandria. 



Gen. Char. Calycis tubus ovatus ovario adhaerens, limbi laciniis 5 lanceolatis 
patentibus. Petala 5 patentia subovata. Stamina numerosa : flamenta penta- 
delpha, fasciculis cum petalorum basi junctis : antheris subrotundatis, ad mar- 
ginem longitudinaliter dehiscentibus. Ovarium apice solummodo liberum in 
stylum filiformem demum deciduum attenuatum, stigmate indiviso 5-sulcato. 
Capsula unilocularis polysperma vertice quinquevalvis. Receptacula 5, filifonnia 
parietalia longitudinalia. Semina numerosissima minutissima ovali-oblonga 
angulata. — Herbse Mexicance asperce succulents : caule Jlexuoso j foliis cordato- 
ovatis longiuscule petiolatis lobatis serratis, floribus^aris racemosisv. subsolitariis. 



Microsperma bartonioides ; foliis ovatis acutis lobatis serratis, pedunculis elon- 
gatis sobtariis unifloris, floribus maximis, calycis lobis tubo duplo longioribus, 
petalis acutis, staminum filamentis petala superantibus. 

Microsperma bartonioides. Walp. llepert. v. 5. p. 777. 

Eucnida bartonioides. Zuccarini in Linnaa, v. 18. p. 500. 



Specimens of this charming annual, rivalling the Bartonia 
aurea (from which no doubt it derives its specific name), were 
obligingly communicated to us, through Mr. G. Charlwood, of 
Covent Garden, by Mr. Booth of the Floetbeck Nursery, Ham- 
burg, under the name of Eucnida bartonioides, accompanied by 
a very faithful description. It bears the open air like the Bar- 
tonia, is admirably suited for a border plant, and we trust that 
seeds of it will soon be, if they are not already, in the market. 
Dr. Walpers had perceived the close affinity of this with another 
plant, our Microsperma lobata, given in the ' Icones Plantarum 
Rar.,' III. tab. 234, and he very properly united it with that genus, 
of which it is nevertheless a very distinct and far more beautiful 
and showy species. It flowers through the summer months. 

Desck. An herbaceous annual. Stems about a foot long, 
flexuose, succulent, subtranslucent, hispid. Leaves hispido- 
pubescent, on longish slender petioles, ovate, acute, lobed and 
serrated. Peduncles elongated, single-flowered, terminating the 

JANUARY 1ST, 1850. 



ordinary branches, or short lateral branches, or the flowers may 
be said to be in a lax, leafy panicle. Calyx-tube adherent with 
the ovary, turbinate, very hispid, crowned by five lanceolate 
acuminate lobes, twice as long as the tube. Petals twice as 
long as the calyx-lobes, ovate or rather obovate, acute, obscurely 
serrated, sulphur-yellow, paler, almost white, beneath. Stamens 
arranged in two series and in five fascicles ; each fascicle mona- 
delphous at the base, and attached to the base of a petal : fila- 
ments very long. Style as long as the stamens : stigma entire, 
but with five longitudinal furrows. W. J. H. 

Cult. Our acquaintance with this plant is limited ; the only spe- 
cimen we have seen came to the Royal Gardens in flower from 
Hamburg. It appears to be an annual, and closely allied in habit 
to Bartonia ; but we fear it will not succeed out of doors as a 
summer border plant, on account of its soft, succulent nature, 
which makes it liable to injuries by heavy rain and wind. We 
therefore consider it best to treat it as a tender annual, sowing the 
seeds in a frame, and, when the plants have sufficient strength, 
plant them singly into pots, using a mixture of light loam and 
leaf-mould or sandy peat. The pots must be properly drained, and 
care taken not to over-water in damp weather, and to admit 
plenty of air, so as to keep the plants from becoming weak and 
drawn up. As they increase in size they will require to be 
shifted into larger pots, and when they begin to show flower 
they should be removed into the greenhouse. /. S. 



Fig. 1. Anther. 2. Pistil. 3. Stigma. 4. Section of an ovary : — magnified. 



4-4-3 2 




TLB S 



Tab. 4492. 
ACANTHOPHIPPIUM Javanicum. 

Javanese Acanthophippium. 



Nat. Ord. ORCHiDEiE. — Gynandria Monanbria. 

Gen. Char. Perianthium ventricosum. Sepala agglutinata, lateralia ungui 
cohimnae adnata, dor sale cum petalis spathulatis fomicato. Labellum ungui- 
culatum, cum basi longe producta columnte articulatum, limbo trilobo indiviso 
complicato, disco lamellate Antliera carnosa, bdocularis. Pollinia 8, insequalia, 
sessilia. — Herbse terrestres, subcaulescentes. Caulis in/erne bulbosus, vaginatus. 
Folia oblongo-lanceolata, plicata. Pedunculus vaginatus, paucifiorus. Flores 
speciosi. Lindl. 



Acanthophippium Javanicum \ petalis triangularibus, labelU trilobi lobis late- 
rabbus truncatis intermedio medio constructo apice ovato tuberculato basi 
utrinque carnoso dentibus truncatis emarginatis inflexis. Lindl. 

Acanthophippium Javanicum. Bl. Bijdr. 353. Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orchid, 
p.m. Bot.Reg.im.t.W. 



A genus (the origin of whose name is unexplained) estab- 
lished by Blume upon a Java plant, detected in the woods 
of the mountain of Salak in Java. Introduced, we believe, by 
Messrs. Loddiges, before 1844. Some years previously, another 
species of the genus was sent from Ceylon, the A. bicolor 
of Lindl. in Bot. Reg. 1. 1730. The present species is much 
the handsomest of the two, with larger flowers, beautifully veined 
with purplish-red and yellow, and altogether a very striking 
plant. It flowered at Kew very finely in July 1849. 

Descr. Pseudo-bulbs elongated, cylindrical, jointed, when 
young clothed with large furrowed scales, and terminated by 
two or three ovato-lanceolate, rather membranaceous, striated 
leaves. From the base of the pseudo-bulb the short, thick, 
bracteated scape rises, shorter than the rest of the plant, and 
bearing about six or eight large handsome flowers, of a yellow 
colour, tinged and streaked with purplish-red. The petals and 
sepals are somewhat triangular-ovate, so placed that the entire 
flower is somewhat pitcher-shaped, with a remarkably oblique 
or gibbous base. Lip quite enclosed within this, lying up against 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1850. C 



the column, the two side-lobes of the epichilium embracing the 
column just below the stigma : the disk crested. Column as 
long as the perianth, its base very decurrent. Anther-case 
flattened at the top. W. J. H. 

Cult. From the circumstance that the roots of this Orchid 
adhere firmly to the inside of the pot in which it grows, we may 
infer that its natural habitat is in rocky places, where there is 
but little soil, and which are subject to a considerable degree of 
dryness during a part of the year. With us it grows freely, if 
potted in loose, turfy, peat soil, and kept in the warm division 
of the Orchideous house. It should be planted a few inches 
above the level of the mouth of the pot, and supported by a 
substantial drainage ; for plants of this habit, when potted in 
loose soil, are very liable, by their gravity, to sink below the 
margin of the pot,— which not only gives the plant an unsightly 
appearance, but causes the pseudo-bulbs to become crowded and 
weak. This precaution is the more necessary, from the downward 
tendency of the pseudo-bulbs (a circumstance common to many 
bulbous-rooted genera), each successive formation being produced 
from the base of the previous ones, and being sessile in their 
attachment to them. They are thus liable to become, in time, a 
crowded mass in the pot. When this happens, it is advisable 
to divide the mass, and select the younger and healthier pseudo- 
bulbs, to be repotted in the manner described above. J. S. 



Tig. 1. Column and lip. 2. Lip -.—slightly magnified. 



4-4-93. 







R.R. fc R imp. 



Tab. 4493. 
ZAUSCHNERIA Californica ; var. latifolia. 

Calif omian Zauschneria ; broad-leaved var. 



Nat. Ord. Onagrarie^:. — Octandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx superus deciduus, tubo infundibuliformi cum ovario arti- 
culato colorato, basi supra ovarium globoso-ventricoso, limbo quadripartite 
fetala 4, obcordata, bifida, summo tubi inserta. Stem. 8. Filamenta longe ex- 
serta. Anther a lineares, dorso affixa:. Ovarium liueare, tetragonum ; stylus 
nliiormis, longe exsertus. Stigma peltato-4-lobum. Capsula linearis, tetra^ona 
quadnvalvis, mdistmcte 4-locularis, polysperma. Semina oblonga, comosa.— 
feultrutex Califormcus v. Mexicanus, decumbens ; foliis altemis ; floribus solitariis 
coccmets in axillis foliorum supremorum, sen spicatis, spicisfoliosis. 



Zauschneria Californica. 

a. foliis linearibus. Z. Californica, Presl, Reliq. Hank. v. 2. p. 28. tab. 52. Hook. 

et Am. Bot. of Beech. Voy. pp. 140, 340. Torr. et Or. M. N. Am. 0.1. ^.486. 

Bentli. PL Hartw. p. 3 1 0. 

0. foliis lineari-lanceolatis. Z. Mexicana, Presl, I. c. p. 29. Z. Californica 3, Torr. 
et Gr. I. c. 

y. latifolia; major, foliis ovatis. (Tak. Nostr. 4493.) Z. Californica, Lindl. in 
Joum. Hort. Soc. v. 3. p. 241. cum Ic. 



Forty-five years ago this handsome plant was alluded to in an 
excellent Memoir on Goniocarpi/s, published by Mr. Kdnig in 
the 'Annals of Botany,' vol.i. p. 543, as existing in the Banksian 
Herbarium, " a beautiful new genus, a native of California, 
having the flowers of a Fuchsia and a fruit exactly like Jfyilobium." 
These specimens were doubtless those of Mr. Menzies, some 
ox which we have also the good fortune to possess in our own 
herbarium. No further notice seems to have beeii taken of it 
till Presl, in the 2nd vol. of his ' Reliquiae Hamkeanae,' published 
it under the name of Zauschneria, in compliment to Dr. Zausch- 
ner, a Professor of Nat. History in the University of Prague. 
Presl added, though doubtfully, a second species from Mexico ; 
but if we consider his two plants as distinct, we must here make 
a third, for our cultivated plant, as may be seen by Dr. Lindley's 
plant above quoted and by our figure, is as distinct from Z. 
Mexicana, as that is from Z. Californica. In some of Mr. 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1850. C 2 



Menzies' original specimens the leaves are almost acicular, and 
from the smallness of the upper leaves or bracteas, the flowers 
are truly spicate. It makes an excellent plant for bedding 
out, and our gardens are indebted to the Horticultural Society 
for its introduction, through their collector Mr. Hartweg. 

Descr. A low half-shrubby plant, varying extremely in downi- 
ness upon the young branches and foliage. Leaves also extremely 
variable in size and shape, and in the margin, generally in 
native specimens linear or linear-lanceolate, but broader and 
quite ovate in our var. y : all of them alternate, remote or 
crowded : the upper ones in our plant scarcely diminishing in 
size ; in other individuals, becoming small bracteas, one beneath 
each flower. Flowers axillary, sessile, solitary. Calyx very 
long, red, the lower portion united with the slender linear ovary ; 
above the ovary the calyx-tube is funnel-shaped, striated, very 
narrow below the middle, at the base swollen and articulated 
(and eventually deciduous) upon the ovary : limb of four lanceo- 
late segments. Within the mouth of the calyx are eight roundish 
scales, four erect and four deflexed. Petals four, deep red, ob- 
cordate, bifid, shorter than the segments of the calyx. Stamens 
eight : filaments much exserted : anthers linear, fixed by the 
middle of the back. Style longer than the stamens, filiform : 
stigma peltate, four-lobed. Fruit four-valved, as in Fpilobium, 
imperfectly four-celled. Seeds numerous, comose. W. J. H. 

Cult. This is a perennial plant, becoming somewhat suffru- 
ticose towards autumn. It is closely allied to Fpilobium, and, 
like most species of that genus, increases rapidly by its numerous 
surculose roots (underground shoots). It is of easy cultivation, 
growing freely on dry, good garden-soil. Its showy flowers are 
produced abundantly during the latter part of the summer ; and, 
as it continues a long time in flower, it is worthy of being grown 
in a pot, as an ornamental plant for the conservatory. It is 
also deserving of a place in the flower-garden, as a bedding 
plant, especially where variety is wanted ; for although its thin 
and spare habit is rather against it, yet, by planting thick and 
stopping back the shoots early in the season, the bed may be 
made to assume a very fair degree of compactness before the 
end of the summer. From the appearance of its roots at the 
time we write, we infer that it will prove a hardy perennial ; but 
in exposed situations it may be advisable to cover it over with 
leaves or some such covering. It is increased readily by divi- 
sion of the roots, also by cuttings and seeds. /. S. 



Fig. 1. Capsule. 2. Section of the calyx-tube. 3. Pistil -.—more or 

magnified. 



4. 4- 04— 




ILB.&- 



Tab. 4494. 
DIPTER ACANTHUS spectabilis. 

Handsome-Cowered Bipter acanthus. 



Nat. Ord. Acanthace^e. — Didynamia Angiospermia. 

Gen. Char. Gal. rcqualis, plus minus profunde 5-fidus. Cor. infundibuliformis, 
limbo subajquali 5-fido. Stamina didynama, inclusa, filaments basi contiguis 
aut conjunctis ; anthem lineari-sagittatae, loculis parallelis jequalibus muticis. 
Stigma bilamellatum, basi nodulosum. Capsula basi compressa asperma, ple- 
rumque a medio, raro proprius a basi, 2-8-12-16-spevma. DmepimenUm m 
medio membranaceum, deniqne maximam partem evauescens. mmacula un- 
cinate, preemorsa. Semina orbiculata, compressa, margine tumido discreto cmcta. 
— Herbae Americana, Asiatics, pauca African® et Australasia, repentes vet 
erect®, molliuscula, rarius frutices. Flores aut omnes aut infenores saltern axillares, 
vel solitarii vel fasciculati, sessiles vel pedunculati, supremi subinde in racemum 
parvibracteatum collecti. Bractese dua major es foliacea, sape petiolata, subject* 
cali/ci velfasciculo ; in racemis minores et angustiores. Bracteolae vel nulla vet 
exigua. Forma anomala : capsula abortu tetra- vel disperma, omits tamen sten- 
libus adjectis semini. Nees. 



Dipteeacanthus spectabilis -. herbaceus subpubescens, caule quadrangulari 
erecto ramoso, foliis ovatis acuminatis cdiatis basi in petiolum perbrevem 
attenuatis, floribus geminis axillaribus sessilibus ebracteolatis, calycis pro- 
funde divisi laciniis subulatis erectis, corolla? (maxima?) tubo gemculato- 
curvato inferne angusto superne sensim dilatato, limbi (fere 3 poll, lati) 
lobis subasqualibus rotundatis venosis margine crenato, capsulia vix pubes- 
centibus 10-12-spermis. 



This is unquestionably the largest-flowered plant of tins genus 
if not of the Order, the coroUa being much larger than that ot 
B.grandiflorm, Nees (from the same country), of a rich deep 
purple blue colour, marked with dark veins, so that it is emi- 
nently worthy of cultivation in every stove. The seeds were 
sent to Mr.Veitch from the Andes of Peru, by Mr. William Lobb, 
and the handsome flowers were in perfection m Mr \ V ® lt 1 T? 
stove in August 1849 ; and to the latter gentleman we are indebted 
for the opportunity of figuring it. The entire absence ot bracts 
orbracteoles to the flowers will at once distinguish .this from 
B.grandiprus, and indeed brings it into another division ot tins 
rather extensive genus. 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1850. 



Descr. Plant two feet or more high, much branched, erect : 
the stem and branches four-angled. Leaves opposite, moderately 
large, nearly sessile, ovate, acuminate, attenuate at the base, 
ciliated at the margin, slightly pubescent on the surface, rather 
strongly veined and reticulated. Flowers sessile or very nearly 
so, two together from the axils of the upper leaves, large, very 
showy. Calyx quite without bracts or bracteoles, deeply cut 
into five erect, subulate lobes, much shorter than the funnel- 
shaped curved tube of the corolla : the limb very large, purple 
blue, veined, the five lobes rotundate, spreading, crenate and 
somewhat waved at the margins. Stamens included. Ovary 
ovate, downy, seated on a large disk. /Style as long as the tube 
of the corolla : stigma of two very unequal lobes. Capsule obo- 
vato-clavate, acute, slightly downy, bearing eight or ten lenticular 
seeds. W. J. II. 

Cult. A soft-wooded plant of herbaceous aspect, growing 
from one to two feet high. It is a native of the tem- 
perate climate of Cuenca, in Peru. It is found to succeed 
in a temperature intermediate between that of the stove and 
greenhouse, and grows freely in any kind of light garden 
soil. Like many of the tropical Acanthacece, after flowering it 
soon becomes thin and naked. It propagates freely by cuttings. 
The young plants should be kept in small pots during winter, 
and receive very little water. In the spring they require to 
be shifted into a large pot, where they will soon make rapid pro- 
gress, and produce a succession of large fine blue flowers. /. S. 



Fig. 1. Calyx and pistil. 2. Ovary -.—magnified. 



4-4- 








Tab. 4495. 

CLEMATIS GRAVEOLENS. 

Heavy -scented Traveller s Joy. 



Nat. Ord. Ranunculace^e. — Polyandria Polygynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4259.) 



Clematis (Flammula) graveolens ; scandens glaberrima gracilis, caule filiformi 
obtuse angulato, foliis pinnatim bi-triternatis, fobolis parvis 3-partitis 3- 
lobisque laciniis ovatis integris nunc hinc inciso-serratis, pedunculis axilla- 
ribus elongatis unifloris folio longioribus, sepalis 4 ovatis acutis crassis 
intus pubescentibus, filamentis subulatis hirsutis, achamiis pubescentibus 
caudis plumosis. 

Clematis graveolens. Lindl. in Journ. of Hort. Soc. v.l.p.SW. cum Ic. 



A small but elegant climbing species of Clematis, quite hardy 
when planted against a wall, as may be expected from the fact 
that it is a native of Chinese Tartary and the snowy passes of 
Western Himalaya, at an elevation of 12,000 feet above the 
level of the sea. In such situations it was detected by our 
friend Capt. Wm. Munro, of the — Regt., who sent seeds of 
it to England in 1844; and, in similar localities, it was found 
three years afterwards by Dr. Thomas Thomson, during his 
interesting journeys into Thibet (as related in the recent volumes 
of the ' London Journal of Botany '), who sent the seeds to the 
Botanic Gardens of Kew. It flowers through the summer 
months. We could scarcely perceive any odour in the flower 
of our plant ; but that may depend on the state of the 
atmosphere. 

Descr. Our plant attains a height of about six feet, forming 
a much branching climbing glabrous shrub. Branches slender, 
obtusely angled. Leaves opposite, variously divided in a pin- 
nated manner, bi- or triternate ; the leaflets all petioled, ovate or 
lanceolate, entire or one- or two-lobed, lobes acute or acuminate. 
Peduncles longer than the leaves, slender, single-flowered. Buds 
drooping. Flowers inclined, moderately large, pale yellowish- 
green. Sepals four, spreading, ovate, acute, rather thick, silky 
m the inside. Stamens numerous : filaments subulate, hairy : 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1850. 



anthers oblong, adnate. Achania downy, terminated with long 
feathery tails, which are a little hooked at the extremity. W. J. H. 
Cult. One of a very common genus of plants, which now 
numbers about 150 described species, natives chiefly of tem- 
perate climates. A few are herbaceous perennials ; but by 
far the greater portion are deciduous and evergreen ligneous 
creepers, supporting themselves by their tendril-formed pe- 
tioles, and growing in a crowded manner over bushes and 
trees : the present species is of the latter kind. It has been 
under our observation for two years, and appears to be quite 
hardy. It will grow in any kind of garden-soil, and, like its con- 
geners, is suitable for covering trellis-work or for planting against 
a wall ; but it does not appear to be a strong growing species. 
It is readily increased by cuttings and seeds. /. 8. 



Fig. 1, 2. Stamens : — magnified. 



4-4.3 




Pack del et Ma. 



K*evB Beiuiain fc Reeve, imf- 



Tab. 4496. 
CCELOGYNE Wallichii. 

Br. Watticlis Ccelogyne. 



Nat. Orel. Orchide;e. — Gynandria Monandria. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4440.) 



Ccelogynb WallicHana ; pseudo-bulbis ampullaceis vaginisque duns tubercu- 
latis, pedunculis radicalibus unifloris basi vaginatis, labelli trilobi basi 
saccati lobis lateralibus integerrimis cum intermedio denticulato crispo apice 
truncate- integerrimo plicato apiculato confluentibus, disci cristis 4-5 iu- 
completis denticulatis, columna apice dentata. Lindl. 

Coslogyne Wallichiana. Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orchid. p. 43. Wall. PI. Asiat. Bar. 
v. \.p. 46. t. 54. Bot. Bey. 1840. t. 24. 



Discovered by Dr. Wallich in the mountain district of 
Sylhet and Khasiya, and found in great abundance also by Dr. 
Hooker as he approached Darjeeling in Sikkim-Himalaya, and 
from him the specimens are derived, which are here represented. 
Its range seems to be confined to the eastern extremity of the 
Sub-Himalayan chain. Handsome as this plant is, individually 
(for only one flower arises at a time from each pseudo-bulb, and 
that always at a period when the leaf is absent), yet our repre- 
sentation of three flowering pseudo-bulbs can give no idea of the 
beauty of a tuft of more than twenty such bulbs, each with its 
flower densely compacted, which I had the gratification of seeing 
during my last visit to Chatsworth. Truly, next to the flowering 
Victoria, this was the most interesting of the many botanical 
rarities collected in that princely place. It flowers in the 
summer and autumn. 

Descr. The pseudo-bulbs are no less singular than the flowers 
are beautiful : they are flagon-shaped, dark green, warted, and 
frequently covered with a strong veining of loose net-work, 
formed by the old sheath. From the top of this pseudo-bulb, 
the broadly-lanceolate, solitary, membranaceous, plaited leaf arises; 
and it is not till after its decay and disappearance, that the 
flower springs laterally from the pseudo-bulb. It is almost 

FEBRUARY 1 ST, 1850. 



sessile, with a few sheathing spotted scales at the base, large, of 
most delicate texture and colours. Sepals lanceolate, long, 
spreading or slightly recurved, pink. Petals equally spreading 
and resembling them, but smaller. Lip large, standing forward, 
obovate, saccate at the base, the side-lobes complicato-connivent 
over the column ; the intermediate lobe (almost continuous with 
the long lateral lobes) is dentato-fimbriate at the margin, re- 
curved ; and the disk of the lip is furnished with five crested 
longitudinal lamellae : the colour of the lip is pink, white, and 
yellow, here and there dashed with red spots. Column very 
long, with a three-lobed wing at the apex surrounding the 
anther. W.J.H. b 

Cult. A pretty Orchid, belonging to a group of Ccelogyne 
which differs from the rest of the genus in not being epiphytal, 
but growing on the ground in moist turfy places. The tender 
pseudo-bulbs are found on the surface, or but little immersed j 
and the plant is in many respects analogous to the well-known 
Bletia hjacinthina, and other species of that genus. After the 
plant has flowered the leaves appear, and at their base the new 
pseudo-bulb begins to be formed. At this period it should 
be kept moderately moist and warm; but after the bulb is 
folly formed, and the leaves decay, the supply of moisture must 
be lessened, only sufficient being given to keep the mould 
from becoming quite hard and dry. It appears to thrive best 
when kept in the cool division of the Orchideous house, and 
placed near the glass. Turfy peat, mixed with a portion of 
chopped sphagnum moss, will suit it, care being taken that the 
pot be well drained, and that it never be allowed to remain long 
saturated with water. On account of the old bulbs dying soon 
alter the new ones are formed, it increases but slowly J 8 



nJSfied C ° lumi1, 2 ' A P ex O&e column and anther. 3. PoUen masses :— 



4-4-SZ, 




etlith. 



R.B t, Kimp 



Tab. 4497. 

PENTSTEMON cordifolius. 

Heart-leaved Pentstemon. 



Nat. Ord. Scrophularine,e.— Didynamia Angiospermia. 
Gen. Char. {Fide supra, Tab. 4319.) 



Pentstemon (§ Elmigera) cordifolius; glaber vel pruinoso-puberulus, foliis 
brevfter petiolatis lato-ovatis orbiculatisve integerrimis vel arguto-dentatis 
margine revolutis, panicula laxa foliata, corollae tubo longo vix dilatato, 
filamento sterili dense barbato. Benth. 

Pentstemon cordifolius. Benth. Scroph. Ind.p. 7. adnot. Hook, et Am. Bot. 
of Beech. Voy.p. 376. Benth. in Be Cand. Prodr. v. 10. p. 329. Lindl. 
Journ. of Hort. Soc. v. 5. p. 87. cum Ic. 



A really shrubby and, as recorded by Dr. Lindley, though 
it has not proved so this winter (1849-50) with us, hardy 
plant, copiously branched, and at first, with its numerous very 
leafy branches, not having much the aspect of a Pentstemon. 
Such, however, it really is, and a native of California, where it was 
detected by Mr. Douglas in 1831 : and does not appear to have 
been found by any traveller since, till Mr. Hartweg met with 
it on the mountain of Santa Inez in California in 1848, when 
seeds were sent by him to the Horticultural Society. It produces 
its bright scarlet flowers among the copious foliage during the 
summer months. 

Descr. A rather weak and straggling shrub \ but with a little 
support and training it become a very handsome one, with ob- 
scurely four-sided stems and branches. Leaves cordate, acute, nearly 
sessile, subcoriaceous, evergreen (?), strongly and coarsely ser- 
rated. Flowering-branches numerous, leafy, bearing several 
opposite brancldets, which are terminated by a moderately-sized 
flower. Pedicels glandular. Calyx large in proportion to the 
flower, glandular, cut to the base into five rather unequal, lan- 
ceolate, acute, erecto-patent lobes. Corolla an inch and a half or 
nearly two inches long, bright scarlet : the tube almost cylin- 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1850. 



drical, straight, or very slightly curved : the limb deeply two- 
lipped ; upper lip straight, linear, emarginate at the point, lower 
lip spreading out into three linear obtuse segments. Stamens 
longer than the tube : anthers ovate : fifth or sterile filament 
with a remarkably strong beard on one side, resembling a brush. 
Ovary ovate, seated on a fleshy disk: style as long as the 
filaments of the stamens : stigma obtuse. W. J. H. 

Cult. This very distinct species of Pentstemon is of a slender, 
suffruticose, spreading habit, growing luxuriantly and flowering 
freely during the summer. It appears well-suited for orna- 
menting the fronts of shrubberies and flower-borders ; but we 
fear it may not prove hardy, for it was much injured by the 
first frosts of last October, and at this time we see no symptoms of 
life above-ground. It will, therefore, be best to treat it as a 
half-hardy plant, covering it over on the approach of winter with 
dry leaves or other loose protecting material ; but as it is easily 
increased by cuttings, a stock should be kept in small pots in a 
cool frame, ready for planting out in the spring. /. S. 



Pig. 1. Stamens. 2. Pistil: — magnified. 



4-4-dS. 




H B k R imf ■ 



Tab. 4498. 

CEREUS TWEEDTEI. 

Mr. Tweedies Golden-flowered Cereus. 



Nat. Ord. Cacte^:. — Icosandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Fide supra, Tab. 4417.) 



Cereus Tweediei ; erectus cylindraceus glaucus polygonus, costis obtusis 
sequalibus (non tuberculatis), areobs copiosis ovalibus fusco-lanatis, spinis 
numerosis inasqualibus 4-5 validioribus albis fusco-variegatis quoram 3-4 
erecto-patentibus, unico cum reliquis minoribus albis omnibus deflexis, flo- 
ribus numerosis lateralibus aurantiacis, tubi calycini elongati curvati colorati 
squamis remotis inferioribus cibatis, fauce obliqua, petaHs brevissimis vix 
calycem sequantibus.staminibus inaequabbus superioribus longioribus exsertis. 



One of the prettiest of the Cereus group of Cactece, of a pecu- 
liarly glaucous tint, bearing in the latter end of summer, when 
little more than a foot high, copious, rather large, and very- 
handsome flowers, elegant in shape and bright in colour. We 
are indebted for the possession of our largest and flowering 
plant at Kew, to Messrs. Lee, of the Hammersmith Nursery, but 
we received seeds from Buenos Ayres through Mr. Tweedie. It 
flowered for the first time in September 1849. I can find no 
species described that at all corresponds with it. 

Descr. Our tallest plants are about a foot to a foot and a half high, 
and an inch in diameter, of a very glaucous green hue, simple, but 
increasing readily by offsets at the base. The shape is cylindrical, 
very slightly tapering upwards, numbered with many, about six- 
teen, moderately deep furrows, perfectly straight, the ridges obtuse 
and even (not tubercled or mammillate). Areola on the ridges 
approximate, oval, woolly, the wool brown. Spines many from 
each areola, of which four or five are stouter than the rest, 
white, blotched with brown, and of these stout ones three or 
four (half to three-quarters of an inch long) are erecto-patent ; 
a solitary stout one generally together with the other lesser ones, 
which are white, all point downwards. Flowers, of a rich orange- 
crimson, are numerous from the side of the stem, three inches 

march 1st, 3850. d 2 



long, curved upwards, the mouth oblique. Calyx-tube funnel- 
shaped, the scales remote, subulate, appressed, lower ones ciliated 
with white hairs. Petals small, scarcely longer than the teeth of 
the calyx, deep yellow, acute. Stamens lying against the upper 
side of the tube, and there much longer than the flower : lower 
ones scarcely protruded. Anthers deep purple. W. J. H. 

Cult. A pretty species of Cereus, of an erect, stiff habit, 
and apparently not of tall stature, having produced its flowers 
when less than two feet high. It grows freely in a soil com- 
posed of light loam, leaf-mould, and sand, care being taken that 
it be not retentive of water. The pot should be well drained, 
and the mould must never continue long saturated. The latter 
precaution is especially to be observed in winter, for during that 
season the plant requires little or no water. We are not 
acquainted with its native locality, but judging from the climate 
of Buenos Ayres, we may suppose that it endures great ex- 
tremes of temperature, and often long droughts ; the thermometer 
in summer sometimes rising to 94°, and in winter falling so low 
as 36° -, the mean temperature of summer and winter being 
respectively 72° and 54°. With us, a night temperature 
averaging 50° during the winter suits it ; but in severe wea- 
ther it is not advisable to maintain that heat, for the plant 
does not suffer even when the thermometer is 10 to 15 degrees 
lower. When this is the case, however, it is desirable that a 
corresponding rise be maintained during the day. As the 
warmth of spring increases, the plant should be moderately 
supplied with water. In summer it should be allowed to receive 
the full power of the sun, with occasional syringeing over head : 
this operation must be performed after the heat of the day has 
declined, or early in the morning. /. 8. 



Fig. 1. Areola and cluster of spines : — magnified. 



[In our last number, under Ccelogyne Wallichii (Tab. 4496.), we spoke, 
from memory only, of the extreme beauty of that plant at Chatsworth, Mr. 
Pax ton has been so obliging as to inform us, it consisted of " eight pseudo- 
bulbs, which bore twenty-eight flowers : three of the pseudo-bulbs were large, 
three of a medium size, and two small. The three large ones each produced 
three flower-stems, and two out of three on each bulb were biflorous. Of the 
three medium-sized ones, one had four flower-stems, and the other two had 
three stems each, all single-flowered. One of the two small bulbs bore two 
flowers on the stems, and the other bulb was single-flowered."] 



4-4-93. 




I etttk 



Tab. 4499. 
CEPHALOTAXUS Portuni. 

Mr. Fortunes Cephalotaxus. 



Nat. Ord. GONIPMLB. — Dicecia Polyandria. 

Gen. Char. Flores dioici. Amenta staminigera axillaria, e gemmia propriis 
decussatim perulatis composita, amentulis pluribus, bracteis suffultis capitata 
Stamina m quovis amentulo 4, 6, v. plura, axi alternatim inserta. Fllamenta 
teretia, m connectivi processum brevem, squamgeformem, margine inferiore 
antherce loculos tres, pendulos, postice longitudinaliter dehiscentes geretem pro- 
ducta. Amenta gemmulifera ex axillis perulamm hornotinarum gemma? foliifera, 
m stipite nudo tetragono capitata. Squama gemmulifera plerumqne octo, de- 
cussated, coriaceee. Gemmulee sub quavis squama 2, sessiles, singula? nrceolo 
prater apicem pervium adnato inclusse, atropae, micropyle supera, plurima3 abor- 
tive. Fructus in quovis capitulo 2 v. 3, urceolo adnato clauso, crasse carnoso, 
drupacei. Semen erectum, integumento exteviore osseo, Izevi, interiore membra- 
naceo, albumini requabili, nee corrugato adhserente. Embryo antitropus, axilis, 
cotyledonibus duabus brevibus, radicula cylindrica, supera.— Arbores Japonicce, 
ramis secundariis distichis. Gremmaa perulata?, perulis persistentibus, arete decus- 
satim imbricatis. Folia alterna, subdisticha, brevissime petiolata, petiolis decur- 
rentibus linearia, mucronato-acuta, parum falcata, uninervia, subtus fasciis duabus 
stomatum latis maltiseriatis percursa, per triennium virentia. Amenta stami- 
nigera ex axillis follorum, stipitibus dense wi.br/eatim. bracteatis insidentia, gemmv- 
Ufera ex axillis perularum interiorum in stipitibus nudis. Fructus secundo anno 
maturi. Endl. 



Cephalotaxus Fortuni ; ramorum foliis exacte disticliis sessilibus pectinatim dis- 
posals lineari-acuminatis (3-4 uncialibus) rigidis subtus pallioribus, amentis 
staminigeris globosis brevi-pedunculatis, pedunculo bracteato, amentulis 

bructp!! I.nfn nvtifn nnnnnvn trmna lmiitin>i)n» 



bracteaiate ovata concava erosa brevioribus. 



Two of the most interesting plants, interesting especially to the 
lovers of arboriculture, among those detected by Mr. Fortune, during 
his present second visit to the north of China, are most assuredly 
the Cupressus funebris, Endl. (C.pendula, Staunton and Lambert, 
not of Thunberg), and the subject of the present plate. Messrs. 
Stan dish and Noble, of the Bagshot Nursery, are the fortunate pos- 
sessors of young plants of both, and have already found them to 
be perfectly hardy in this climate. Both were found by Mr. 
Fortune two hundred miles north of Shang-see, from which 
latter place a Palm {Chamcerops excelsa, Th.) sent to the Royal 
gardens by Mr. Fortune, has braved, unharmed and unprotected 
by any sort of covering, the severe winter now passed (1849-50). 
march 1st, 1850. 



To judge of the graceful character of the Funereal Cypress, one 
has but to look at Tab. 41 of the Atlas of Plates accompanying 
Lord Macartney's Embassy to China, where we learn that in 
the north of China it is the tree used to adorn cemeteries ;— and, 
with regard to the present, which is of the Yew tribe of Conifera, 
the large size of the foliage, with its pectinated arrangement on 
the branches, must give it a pre-eminence over all other Taxinea. 
Our flowering-plant (male flowers only) is drawn from a dried 
specimen sent home by Mr. Fortune, aided by a recent twig 
from Mr. Standish's nursery. These male flowers show clearly 
that it belongs to the genus Ceplialotaxus of the lamented Endli- 
cher. In some respects it approaches the Japanese C.pedunculata 
of Sieb. and Zuccarini, Fl. Jap. v. 2. p. 133 ; and we regret that 
our bookseller has not yet supplied us with the Fasciculus con- 
taining this species ; but if Endlicher is correct in referring Taxus 
Harringtonia of the Pinetum Woburnense, t. 68, to it, we may 
safely assert that our plant is not the same, but a perfectly un- 
described species. 

Descr. In the absence of a well-grown plant, we can say 
little or nothing of the tree, save that it is stated by Mr. 
Fortune to grow to a height of from forty to sixty feet. Its 
branches are probably spreading or drooping, obscurely 
streaked or furrowed, distichous, pale brown, slender. Leaves 
quite distichous, alternate or opposite, approximate, three to 
four inches long, linear, tapering a little at the base, much 
and gradually acuminate, one-nerved, dark full green above, 
paler beneath. From the axils of numerous leaves the male 
capitule oi flowers appears, globose, about as large as a small 
pea on a short scaly stalk. This head consists of several 
imbricated, broadly ovate, almost round, concave, brown, erose 
scales, including a little amentum of stamens. A filament ter- 
minates in a small scale, bearing three pendulous anther -cells. 
Female flower and fruit at present unknown. W. J. H. 

Cult. This is described as forming a handsome, spreading, ever- 
green tree. It comes from the north of China, and, as might be ex- 
pected, is perfectly hardy. A plant in the Bagshot Nursery stood 
in the open air during the last winter, without being in the least 
injured. As it increases from cuttings as readily as the common 
Yew, and grows freely, we may expect to see this rare tree soon 
become common. We learn that Mr. Standish has already a 
considerable stock of young plants. /. S. 



Fig. 1. Male capitulum. 2. Front view, and 3, back view of a stamen, t- 
Scale of capitulum, with the little male amentum. 5. Capitulum removed from 
its scaly stalk : — magnified. 



4-500 




el etlitk. 



B..B.fc^™oj 



Tab. 4500. 
CALLIANDRA brevipes. 

Short-peduncled Cattiandra. 



Nat. Ord. Leguminos^e. — Polygamia Polyandria. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 4238.) 



Calliandka brevipes ; glabriuscula, pinnis unijugis, foliolis (1-1 1 lin.) multijugis 
oblongo-linearibus falcatis obtusiusculis glabris, petiolo brevi eglanduloso, 
pedunculis brevibus subfasciculatis, calyce parvo corollaque campanulata gla- 
bris, legumine coriaceo glabra. Benth. 

Calliandra brevipes, Benth. in Hook. Journ. ofBot. v. 2. p. 141. et Lond. Journ. 
ofBot. v. 3. p. 404. Walp. Bepert. Bot. v. 1. p. 927. et v. 5. p. 604. 



An elegant and graceful shrub, a native of Brazil, whence seeds 
were received by Mr. Van Eoutte, of Ghent, who sent plants 
to us, marked " Acacia, sp." It is a species of the same 
general character as the C Tweediei, but considerably smaller, 
and the flowers are of a much paler red. Still it is ornamental 
when in bloom : the leaves are geminate or unijugate, and the 
leaflets very closely pinnate. It flowers in October, in the stove. 

Descr. A much-branching shrub, about four to five feet high, 
the bark brown. Leaves alternate, geminate, each portion 
oblong, very closely pinnated with small linear-oblong, acute 
leaflets, and these generally drooping. Heads olfloicers on short 
peduncles from the axils of the leaves, few in each head. Calyx 
minute, four-cleft, the lobes erect, appressed, ciliated. Corolla 
monopetalous, yellow, funnel-shaped or almost bell-shaped, four- 
cleft. Stamens six times as long as the corolla : filaments very 
slender, pale red or rose-colour : anthers minute. Our flowers 
do not produce pistils. W. J. H. 

Cult. A pretty shrub which grows luxuriantly in the warm stove, 
if potted in light loam mixed with leaf-mould. Being a dry, 
fibrous-rooted plant, it requires to be freely supplied with water. 
With a little attention to tying up and pruning, it may be 
made a compact, handsome bush. When in flower it is 

MARCH 1ST, 1850. 



highly ornamental, its bright red tufts of flowers contrasting 
strongly against the delicate green foliage. It is readily in- 
creased by cuttings, which should be planted under a bell-glass 
and placed in bottom heat. /. S. 



Fig. 1 . Flower ; — magnified. 



4-501. 



i -<4 







HtcK&el et lit'h 



KB! : 



Tab. 4501. 

LARDIZABALA biternata. 

Biternate-leaved Lardizabala. 



Nat. Ord. Lardizabaleje. — Digecia Hexandeia. 

Cen. Char. Masc. Calyx 6-phyllus, foliolis carnosis, exterioribus ovatis in 
jestiyatione valvatis, interioribus 'angustioribus, spathulatis, acuminatis. Petala 
6, biseriata, oblongo- v. lineari-lanceolata, acutiuscula, exteriora paullo latiora. 
Stamina 6. Ovariorum rudimenta 2-3 plus minusve attenuata. F(EM. Calyc. 
fol. ut in masc. Petala exteriora spathulata, inferne marginibus inflexis concava, 
crassiuscula. Stamina 6, filamentis brevibus, carnosis, antheris oblongis abor- 
tivis. Ovaria 3, cylindracea, stigmate sessili conico apiculata, multiovulata. 
ovulis globosis sessilibus parieti alveolato 8-seriatim immersis alternantibus. 
Baccce polyspermy, stigmate persistente apiculatse. Semina campylitropa, com- 
pressa, subreniformia, testa papyracea fusca, hili cicatricula basi et lateraliter 
notata; perispermum magnum carnoso-corneum albidum; embryo parvulus, 
subturbinatus, radicula cotyledonibus brevibus subsequali. — Frutices CkUenta 
scandentes, foliis hi- v. triternatis, foliolis integris v. crenato-dentatis glnberrimis 
nitidis exstipulatis, nervatione foliorum Berberidum. Inflorescentia axillaris, pe- 
dunculo basi una bractea subreniformi coriacea suffulto, in masculis plurifloro, in 
fcem. unifloro. Flores purpura ? pedicellati, pedicellis bracteolulatis. Dene. 



Lardizabala biternata; foliis 2-3- (saepe simpliciter) ternatis, foliolis ob- 
longis acutis basi insequalibus hinc inde subdentatis, bracteis ad peduueu- 
lorum basin 2 magnis insequaliter cordatis. Bene. 

Lardizabala biternata. Ruiz et Pav. Syst. p. 288 ; Prodr. t.'Sl. Vent, in 
Voy. de la Peyr. v. 4. p. 265. t. 6, 7, 8. Be Cand.Prodr. v.l. p. 95. Bene. 
Mem. Lardizab. in Arch, du Mus. v. J. p. 188. Hook, et Am. Contrib. to Fl. 
o/S. Am. in Bot. Misc. v. 2. p. 135. CI. Gay, Fl. C/iil. v. 1. p. 69. 



A climbing, copiously-leaved, evergreen shrub, native of Chili. 
and growing as far south as Concepcion, whence it was naturally 
supposed to be hardy, and experience has proved the correctness 
of this opinion, for it has braved the winter of 1849-50 without 
any covering or protection, other than that afforded by a wall, 
both at Exeter and at Kew. George Thomas Davy, Esq., who 
has the credit of introducing this plant by sending it to Messrs. 
Veitch of Exeter, writes to them thus : — " When I first saw it in 
the Province of Concepcion, I was so much struck with the sin- 
gularly dark colour of the flowers, and the beauty of the foliage, 

MARCH 1ST, 1850. 



that I gave instructions to have a root sent to me at Valparaiso, 
which was done ; and it is the plant now in your possession. The 
fruit is sold in the Chilian markets." According to Decaisne, 
cordage is made of the tough fibre. The plant above alluded to 
was brought home from Valparaiso by Mr. Wm. Lobb, and was 
in full flower in Mr. Veitch's Nursery in December, 1849 : 
and to Mr. Veitch we are indebted for the specimen figured in 
the annexed plate. 

Descr. A climbing shrub, with terete, but often twisted 
branches, bearing leaves, which, especially in the flowering 
branches, are generally simply ternate, but sometimes bi- and 
triternate : the leaflets petioled, subcoriaceous, evergreen, ovate, 
here and there almost spinosely dentate, dark green above, paler 
and reticulated beneath. Peduncles solitary, from the axil of a 
leaf : at the base bearing two large unequally cordate spreading 
bracteas : — these we also find at the axil of the leaf, even where 
there is no flower-stalk. Flowers forming a dense drooping 
spike of numerous, rather large, deep purplish chocolate-coloured 
flowers. We have only seen male flowers, as here represented. 
The calyx is of six rhombeo-ovate, spreading, fleshy sepals, 
nearly equal in our specimens. Corolla of six spreading, lanceo- 
late, or almost subulate, white, mealy, membranaceous petals. 
Stamens six, united into a column, and bearing six spreading, 
oblong, slightly incurved, apiculated, two-celled anthers, opening 
at the back. W.J. IT. 

Cult. This is a native of woods in the south of Chili, and proves 
perfectly hardy in this climate. A plant in this garden has 
withstood the cold of the last three winters without injury, and 
Mr. Veitch informs us that in his nursery there is a specimen twelve 
feet high, growing against a wall. It is a beautiful evergreen 
creeper, with dark green foliage, and well adapted for covering 
high walls. It is a rapid grower, and apparently not particular 
as to situation ; but, from its habit, we infer that shady places 
suit it best. /. S. 



Fig. 1. Corolla and stamens : — magnified. 



4-SOZ. 




=let Jith.. 



R..B.&.B..-top- 



Tab. 4502. 
LAGETTA lintearia. 

Jamaica Lace-Bark. 



Nat. Ord. Thymele^:. — Octandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Cliar. Mores hermaphroditi, v. dioici. Perigonium coloratura, tubulosum, 
limbo quadrifido, fauce hispida. Stamina 8, perigonii tubo superne biseriatim 
inserta, inclusa. Squamula hypogynse 8, lineares, distinctae v. basi perparia 
connatae. Ovarium uniloculare. Ovulum unicum, rarius 2 v. 3, peudula, ana- 
tropa. Stylus terminalis ; stigma capitatum, emarginato-subbilobum. Brupa 
perigonio baccato villoso tunicata, mono-tripyrena, putamine crustaceo, fragili. 
Semina 1-3, iuversa. Albumen nullum. Embryo orthotropus; cotyledonibus 
plano-convexis ; radicula brevissima, supera. — Frutices v. arbores dense ramosa, 
in America tropica indigent ; libro tenaci, deductili, foliis oppositis, v. alternis 
integerrimis, floribus terminalibus spicatis v. racemosis. Midi. 



Lagetta lintearia j arborea, foliis cordato-ovatis acutis penninerviis reticulata 
nitidis, spicis pedunculatis terminalibus, floribus hermaphroditis, perianthiis 
urceolatis glabris, staminibus alternis brevioribus, ovariis longe sericeis. 

Lagetta lintearia. Lam. Encycl. III. tab. 289. Spreng. Syst. Feg. v.2. p. 245. 
Hook.inKew Gard.Misc. 1850, ined. v. 2. t. 4. 

Daphne Lagetto. Sw. Prodr. p. 63. Fl. Lid. Occ. v. 1. p. 680. 

Lagetto. Lunan, Hort. Jam. v. l.p. 473. 

Frutex fobis majoribus cordatisve. Browne, Jam. p. 371. t. 31./. 5. 

Laubifolia arborea. Shane, Jam. p. 137 ; Hist. v. 2. p. 22. pi. 168. /. 1-3. 
^.169./. 1. 



Every one has heard of the " Jamaica Lace-Bark/' and has 
inspected the curious and beautiful substance : few have seen spe- 
cimens of the leaves and flowers, still fewer have seen the living 
plant, nor was it, we believe, permanently introduced in the latter 
state to Europe till the year 1844. The year before that, our 
intelligent Collector for the Kew Gardens, Mr. Purdie, was 
instructed to take the island of Jamaica on his way to New 
Granada, and visit the quarters of this plant (the parishes 
of Vere, Clarendon, and Elizabeth), to which it seems to be 
confined. Mr. Purdie spent some days among woods of this 
tree, but could find neither flower nor fruit in a state fit to send 
home. But our wishes being known to Mr. Wilson, the iude- 

march 1st, 1850. 



fatigable Curator of the Botanic Gardens at Bath (Jamaica), he 
kindly procured seeds and young plants a few months later, and 
has been the means of introducing this rarity to our stoves. 
Our plants are now eight to ten feet high, and one of them 
produced, for the first time, flowers and fruit copiously in the 
summer and autumn of 1849. 

It is well known that the liber or inner bark of this tree con- 
sists of layers of reticulated fibre, exactly resembling well- 
prepared lace; and its nature is best exhibited by taking a 
truncheon from a branch, tearing down the bark, and sepa- 
rating it by the hand into as many layers as that portion of the 
tree is years old. " The ladies of Jamaica," Dr. Lunan observes, 
" are extremely dexterous in making caps, ruffles, and complete 
suits of lace with it. In order to bleach it, after being drawn 
out as much as it will bear, they expose it (stretched) to the 
sunshine, and sprinkle it frequently with water. It bears wash- 
ing extremely well with common soap, or the " curatoe " soap, 
and acquires a degree of whiteness equal to the best artificial 
lace. The wild negroes have made apparel with it of a very 
durable nature ; but the common use to which it is applied is 
rope-making. The Spaniards are said to have worked it into 
cables, and the Indians employ it in a variety of different 
fabrics." — Sloane relates that Charles II. had a cravat made of the 
bark of this tree, which was presented to him by Sir Thomas Lynch. 
In the days of slavery the negro-whips were commonly made of 
the branches of this tree, thus : — of a portion of the branch the 
wood was removed, and the bark twisted into the lash. The 
lower part of the branch formed the handle, and if it was desired 
to ornament the latter, it was done by unravelling the bark at 
the lower end, which thus formed a kind of tassel consisting 
of spreading layers of lace. On the plate above quoted in the 
Kew Garden Miscellany, a specimen of the lace itself, a whip, 
&c, are represented, from the objects in the Museum of Kew. 

Descr. A tree from twenty to thirty feet high, with branches 
too straggling and foliage (though of a good size and glossy) too 
sparse to form a striking object, though really handsome when 
in flower. Leaves alternate, on rather short petioles, which are 
jointed on the branch ; hence the leaves readily fall off in drying; 
they are cordato-ovate, acute, glossy, reticulated, palish-green. 
Flowers pure white, or, in bud, greenish-white, arranged in 
spikes which are solitary and terminal on a main branch, or on 
short side-branches. Perianth urceolate, fleshy, four-toothed. 
Stamens included : longer filaments arising from a scale : anthers 
subglobose. Pistil included. Ovary ovate, densely silky. Style 
shorter than the ovary. Stigma obtuse. The fruit is a smooth, 
oval drupe. W. J. H. 



Cult. In the second edition of the ' Hortus Kewensis ' it is 
stated that the Lace-Bark tree was introduced to this garden by 
Rear-Admiral William Bligh in 1793 ; but it appears to have 
been soon lost, and it had been a desideratum in the garden for 
many years. Our present plants were received in 1844, and 
were then only four inches high. For our guidance in 'their 
cultivation, Mr. Wilson informed us that " it is invariably found 
growing in very dry situations on marly limestone hills, where 
there is not a particle of earth to be seen. The young plants 
grow in the crevices, or honeycomb, as it is called, and in order 
to obtain them with roots, a hammer or large stone is required 
to break away the porous limestone." He further adds, that 
" the soil for growing it in should be composed of one-third 
marl or lime-rubbish ; for I am persuaded that pure loam will 
kill them." We are always most desirous to pay attention to 
information as regards the native habitats of plants; but in 
cases like the present we have found that, when too strictly 
adhered to, successful cultivation does not always follow. In 
our experience, we have never found any plant thrive by re- 
taining it in its native soil, or in soil too closely resembling it. If 
we could also imitate all the various influences of climate that 
modify and control the growth of plants in their native localities, 
it might then be proper for us to cultivate the Lace-Bark tree 
m marly soil, like limestone ; but our plants afford evidence 
that such soil is not required when they are grown in an arti- 
ficially heated atmosphere. We have used good vellow loam, 
mixed with a little leaf-mould and sand. In this they have 
attained the height of eight feet, and continue in a perfectly 
healthy state. In their native place the leaves are deciduous, 
falling off in the dry seasoii. But the health of a general collec- 
tion of tropical plants, grown in a hothouse, will not allow us 
to put them under the influence of their natural dry season : we 
therefore find that some individuals change their habit, and become 
evergreens. This has been the case with the Lagetta plants ; 
and it is probably to an accidental circumstance that we owe the 
present production of flowers. One of the plants appeared 
to have received some check, which caused it to shed its leaves : 
the consequence was, that just before the unfolding of the young 
foliage, it produced its flowers. Like many of the Tliymelacea, 
the Lace-Bark tree is difficult to propagate. We have never suc- 
ceeded by planting cuttings, nor by grafting it on species of allied 
genera ; but we now have hopes of propagating it by layering. 
/. S. 

* J*'}' J lower - 2 - The same laid open. 3. Section of the ovarv -.—magni- 
fied- 4. Pistd :_ natural size. 



4S03. 




Htch.,a.el etTitk. 



B..B.&R.™?- 



Tab. 4503. 

^ESCHYNANTHUS Javanicus. 

Java JEschynanthus. 



Nat. Ord. Cyrtandrace^e. — Didynamia Angiospermia. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 4236.) 



jEschynanthus Javanicus; scandens, foliis (parvis) ovatis coriaceo-carnosis 
immerse venosis obscure angulato-dentatis, corymbis terminalibus brac- 
teatis, calyce cylindraceo pedicellisque pubescentibus segmentis ovatis 
patentibus, corolla pubescente calyce triplo longiore, limbi lobis patentibus, 
staminibus exsertis. 

iEscHYNANTHUS Javanicus. Hort. Rollinson. 



Messrs. Rollinson, of the Tooting Nursery, obligingly sent 
us the accompanying very handsome jEschynanthis, under the 
name of jE. Javanicus, received by them, we presume, from 
their Collector in Java. At first sight it bore so much resem- 
blance to the JZ.pulcher, De Cand., figured at our Tab. 4264, 
that I was disposed to consider it a variety ; but as that happened 
to be in flower at the same time in the stove of the Royal 
Gardens, the differences were found to be too striking to allow it 
to be other than a good species. The plant is more compact, 
the leaves smaller, the flowers all over downy, as well as the 
pedicels, the calyx truly cylindrical (not swollen below), the 
limb spreading, the corolla more slender and graceful, the 
stamens exserted. 

Descr. A scandent, yet compact-growing, soft-stemmed shrub, 
much branched and rooting from beneath the petioles. Stems 
terete ; the younger ones green and succulent. Leaves opposite, 
ovate or oval, sometimes approaching to oblong, between coria- 
ceous and fleshy, obscurely angulato-dentate, penninerved, the 
nerves sunk in the substance of the leaf. Corymbs terminal, of 
many, large, handsome, richly-coloured flowers. Pedicels downy, 
bracteated, bracteas ovate or cordate, unequal. Calyx ample, 
greatly wider than the tube of the corolla it includes, downy, 

MARCH 1ST, 1850. 






dark-green, red-brown above ; the tube cylindrical, faintly stri- 
ated, the five lobes of the limb spreading horizontally. Corolla 
bright red, about thrice the length of the limb, the tube slender, 
infundibuliform, downy, laterally compressed, with a prominence 
under the throat: mouth oblique, limb of four nearly equal, 
spreading, large, ovate lobes, the upper one notched, the rest 
entire and streaked and blotched with yellow. Stamens all ex- 
serted, especially the upper ones. Ovary very long, slender, its 
pedunculiform base downy and inserted into a five-lobed cup- 
shaped annulus. Style continuous from the ovary : stigma ob- 
lique, a depressed head. W. J. H. 

Cult. Belonging to a genus of East Indian plants charac- 
terized by a trailing, or somewhat scandent, epiphytal habit, and 
• analogous to Nematanthus and Alloplectus of tropical America, 
this plant requires the same kind of treatment, and they may be 
properly associated with tropical Orchideae. It is a trailing 
species, of neat habit, and may either be grown in a pot or 
basket suspended from the roof of the house, or placed on an 
elevated position formed of any convenient material, such as 
rude bricks or garden pottery, covered with sods of turfy peat. 
By introducing a few small-growing ferns, or Lycopodia, the 
whole will soon assume a natural appearance. During summer 
the plant requires to be freely supplied with water; and if 
placed in a position exposed to the midday sun, it should be 
shaded. In the winter months water must be sparingly 
given. /. S. 



Fig. 1. Corolla: — natural size. 2. Pistil: — magnified. 



4-S04-. 




R.tah,lel etlith.. 



Tab. 4504. 

GESNERIA Seemanni. 

Mr. Seemanns Gesneria. 



Nat. Ord. Gesneriace.e. — Didynamia Gymnospermia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4217.) 



Gesneria Seemanni; elata hirsuta herbacea, foliis oppositis ternatisve sublonge 
petiolatis late ovatis obovatisve acutis grosse serratis, superioribus nnilto 
minoribus magis acuminatis omnibus basi obtusis, pedunculis unifloris 
fasciculatis ad axillas foliorum sapremorum verticillatis petiolo longioribus 
in racemura longum terminalem dispositis, corolla? villosissiruae lateritire 
tubo brevi-cylindraceo, limbi gland uloso-hirsuti aequalis patentissimi lobis 
patentibus subrotundatis maculatis, staminibus styloque inclusis, ovario 
hirsutissimo, glandulis hypogynis 4-5 latis, unico bifido. 



A very handsome copious-flowering and bright-coloured 
species of Gesneria, quite new, as far as I can find : but 
approaching nearest to G. longifolia, Lind. Bot. Reg. 1842, 
tab. 40, but differing much in the form of the leaves, and in 
the limb of the corolla. It was discovered by Mr. Seemann, at 
Panama, and I have thought it deserving of bearing the name of 
its discoverer, who sent roots to the Royal Gardens of Kew, in 
1848. The flowering plants were produced in October 1849. 

Descr. Roots tuberous, I believe, but these I had not the 
opportunity of inspecting. Stem two feet or more high, simple, 
rather stout below, nearly terete, villous with spreading hairs, 
as is almost every part of' the plant. Leaves opposite and ter- 
nate, the lower ones large, broadly ovate or subobovate, on 
rather long petioles, coarsely serrate, acute, rather than acumi- 
nate; upper ones gradually smaller and more tapering to a 
point, all obtuse at the base. From the whorls of the upper 
floral leaves, the hairy peduncles appear fasciculato-verticillate, 
longer than the petioles, and the uppermost ones longer even 
than the leaves, single-flowered. Calyx shallow, cup-shaped, 
with five nearly regular, acute, spreading lobes. Corolla very 
villous, bright brick-red, a little inclining to orange. Tube 

APRIL 1st, 1850. K * 



nearly cylindrical, short, tapering, orange at the base : the limb 
of five nearly equal, rounded segments, spotted with deeper red, 
and clothed with glandular hairs. Stamens and style included. 
Ovary roundish-ovate, very villous, having at the base four con- 
spicuous, hypogynous, broad glands, of which one is bifid. W. J. II 
Cult. About seventy species of this genus are now described. 
They are all natives of tropical America and the adjacent islands, 
and, being highly ornamental plants, a considerable number of 
them have been introduced. They may be characterized as being 
(chiefly) herbaceous plants, producing their showy flowers on a 
soft, leafy stem, that rises from a rhizome, which is either in the 
form of a thick, fleshy, round tuber, or it consists of a number 
of fleshy scales, compactly seated on an elongating axis, and, 
therefore, analogous to an under-ground surculose stem. The 
rhizome of the species now figured belongs to the latter form, 
resembling that of Gloxinia and Achimenes, and requiring the 
same kind of treatment. It will thrive in a mixture of light 
loam and leaf-mould ; and, in order to start the roots, they 
should be placed in bottom-heat in a warm stove, taking care 
not to give much water till after they have made some progress 
in growth. If during the summer they happen to be placed in 
a position fully exposed to the south, they will require to be 
shaded during the middle of the day. /. 8. 



Fig. 1 . Pistil of G. lotiffi/tora (to show the difference in the hypogynous 
glands from G. Seemanni). 2. Ovnrv and hypogynous glands of G. Seemanni: — ■ 
magnified. 



4-505 




R..B.&"R..imj>. 



Tab. 4505. 
tupa crassicaulis. 

Thick-stemmed Tupa. 



Nat. Ord. Lobeliace.— Pentandria Monogynia. 



Gen. Char. Cat. 5-lobus, tubo hemisphaei-ico vel globoso. Corolla persistens, 
1-labiata, dorso longitudinaliter fissa, deflexa, plana vel concava, e fetalis 5. 
inaequaliter connatis, apice diu cohserentibus constans, lobis 3, central ibus seu 
inferioribus magis connatis, lateralibus plus minusve divergentibus nunquam 
erectis, omnibus quandoquidera sub finem florationis segregatis. Stamina 5, 
connata ; anther'u omnibus vel 2 inferioribus apice barbatis, ca:terum glabris ant 
pilosis. Capsula infera, rarius superne libera, bivalvis. — Herbae elatce v. iuffruH- 
ces, caule simplici, foliis alternis seepe lanceolatis medio approximatis, racemo 
folioso elongato multifioro. Flores scepius purpurei, raro coccinei, fiavi, out vires- 
centes. Succus lacteus acris in tota planta. De Cand. 



Tupa crassicaulis ; caule suffruticoso erecto simplici crasso foliis delapsis cica- 
trical cano-pubesceute, foliis densis in apicibus caulis patentibus reflexis 
lanceolatis seu lato-lanceolatis acutis basi in petiolum !)revem attenuatis 
serratis reticulatim venosis supra viridibus molbter pubescentibus subtus 
cano-tomentosis, pedunculis axillaribus solitariis uninoris folio multoties 
brevioribus, calycis tubo hemisphaerico, limbi laciniis patentibus acuminatis, 
corolla? flavo-aurantiaca; (denium coccinese) tubo lateraliter compresso, limbi 
bilabiati labio superiore bifido laciniis erectis, inferiore reflexo tritido. 

Syphocampylos canus; ffort. Belg. {not Po/it.) 



We have before had occasion (as have other authors) to com- 
plain of the careless manner in which plants are named that 
are sent from the continental nurserymen, and more so than of 
any others in the.case of some of our Belgian correspondents. 
The Royal Gardens received the present plant from Mr. Makoy of 
Liege, without any mention of its native country, under the name 
of Syphocampylos canus ; a species of Brazil, and which in no 
particular corresponds with the present plant. We doubt if it 
can be referred to any described species of the genus. It appears, 
however, to agree better with Tupa than with Syphocampylos, if 
the genera be really well founded. It flowers in the greenhouse 
in the summer and autumn. 

Discr. Our plants are nearly three feet high, and exhibit a 

AI'KII, 1st. 1850. 



stout but woolly or cobwebby stem, leafy at the top, something 
after the manner of the Daphne Laureola. Leaves soft, four to 
six inches long, patent or deflexed, lanceolate or broad-lanceolate, 
acute, serrated, tapering at the base into a short footstalk, dark 
green and slightly downy above, tomentose and hoary beneath. 
Peduncles axillary, solitary, one to two inches long, woolly. 
Calyx woolly : tube semiglobose, five-angled ; the limb of five 
acuminated spreading segments. Corolla yellowish or greenish- 
red, at length quite red : tube two inches long, nearly straight, 
laterally compressed ; limb two-lipped, lips long, superior one 
inclined upwards, bifid, segments linear acuminate ; lower lip 
deflexed, trifid, segment linear-lanceolate. Anthers shorter than 
the upper lip, all hairy at the apex. Stigma two-lipped. W. J. H. 
Cult. This is a soft-wooded, suffruticose shrub, of an erect, 
stiff habit, becoming naked below. It requires to be placed 
during winter in a temperature that, on an average, need not 
exceed 55°; and, on account of its soft, tomentose nature, the 
hygrometric state of the atmosphere should be kept rather dry. 
In spring it should be repotted, first divesting the ball of a 
portion of its old soil, and then planting in a fresh mixture of 
light loam and sandy peat. Care must be taken that the pot be 
well drained, and that at no time the mould be allowed to re- 
main long saturated ; for in plants of this nature, if kept too 
wet, the woody parts of the roots near the surface are liable to be 
destroyed, while the appearance of the plant, above ground, 
continues for a time in a healthy state. During the summer it 
may be placed in the greenhouse. We have not yet had suffi- 
cient experience respecting it, yet we believe that it would grow 
vigorously if planted about May in a warm border ; but as it is 
a late flowering plant it would be necessary to take it up and 
repot it, and place it under protection in time to save it from 
being injured by the autumn frosts. It is readily increased by 
cuttings, put under a bell-glass and treated in the usual way. J.S. 



/a S 6. 




H,.B.&R- iin ? 



Tab. 4506. 

FUCHSIA BACILLARIS. 

Red-branched Fuchsia. 



Nat. Ord. Onagrarie^e. — Octandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4082.) 



Fuchsia bacillaris ; ramulis glabris, foliis ovatis v. ovato-lanceolatis denticulatis 
deciduis glabris, pedunculis axillaribus subtrifloris folio longioribus, calycis 
tubo cylindraceo, laciniis ovatis acuminatis petala obcordata patentia api- 
culata subsequantibus, staminibus subinclusis, stylo exserto, stigmate glo- 
boso 4-dentato, fructu subgloboso. 

Fuchsia bacillaris. Lindl. Bot. Reg. 1. 1480. 



A native of Mexico, and, as may be expected, a greenhouse 
plant. It has been for some time cultivated at Kew. Our 
specimen here figured was communicated by Mr. Veitch from 
his rich garden at Exeter, and is really a pretty thing when 
well cultivated. It flowers during the summer months. 

Descr. A low deciduous shrub : the branches with reddish 
bark ; younger twigs green. Leaves opposite or ternate, lanceo- 
late or ovato-lanceolate, entire or denticulato-serrate, small, 
nearly sessile, penninerved. Peduncles axillary, from one- to three- 
flowered. Flotcers on slender, drooping pedicels, springing from 
the copious upper and younger branchlets, and thus forming a 
rather large, leafy thyrsus or compact panicle. Ovary glabrous 
(as is every part of the plant), red, globose. Calyx also deep 
red : its tube cylindrical, contracted where it unites with the 
ovary, and spreading upwards into four ovato-acuminate seg- 
ments. Petals deep rose, subobcordate, spreading, nerved, 
bearing a blunt mucro at the retuse apex. Stamens eight; four 
nearly equal with the throat of the flower, four others more 
exserted. Style much exserted, longer than the longest stamens. 
Stigma globose, four-cleft. W. J. II 

Cult. This very distinct species of Fuchsia is, like the rest of 
the genus, of very easy cultivation. It requires to be protected 
during winter by keeping it in a cool pit or house. Established 

APRIL 1st, 1850. 



plants may be safely placed under the stages of the greenhouse, 
or in other such place, provided the plants are kept dry, and the 
place sufficiently cool to prevent them from beginning to grow 
before spring. They must then be taken out of the pots, the 
roots divested of part of the old soil, repotted in a mixture 
of light loam and leaf-mould, and then be placed so as to receive 
the necessary stimulants for bringing them into a flowering 
state. As they advance in growth and begin to show flower, 
they may be removed into the greenhouse. In summer the 
plants thrive if set in an open border, along with other Fuchsias 
and such like summer plants. They are readily propagated by 
cuttings. /. S. 



Fig. 1. Flower: — magnified. 



4-so;. 







Tab. 4507. 
ANIGOZANTHOS tyrianthina. 

Tyrian-purple-jlowered Anigozanthos. 



Nat. Ord. PLemodorace^e. — Hexandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4180.) 






Anigozanthos tyrianthina; caule elato tereti dichotome paniculato superne 
purpureo cano-tomentoso, foliis plerisque radicalibus lineari-acuminatis 
rigidis striatis rectis glaberrimis marginibus serrulato-scaberrimis, spicis 
paniculatis secundifloris bracteolatis, pedunculis pedicellis perianthiisque 
externe tomento denso tyriantbino tectis, perianthii (intus glabrinsculi 
straminei) laciniis lanceolato-acuminatis tubo curvato brevioribus, stami- 
num filamentis laciniis brevioribus, antheris exappendiculatis. 



One of the many fine things discovered by Mr. Drummond 
during his excursions in the interior to the south-west of the 
Swan-river settlement. He could not fail to be struck with the 
magnificence of this plant, three or four and more feet high, 
growing in masses, and bearing paniculated branches and co- 
pious flowers clothed with dense tomentum of the richest Tyriau 
purple. Seeds have been sent home, but they have not yet 
germinated. Happily, however, as stated on a former occasion, 
the well-dried specimens of the species of this genus retain their 
form and colour almost equally with the living plant, and we are 
hence able to present an accurate figure to our readers. Its 
nearest affinity is perhaps with the A. fuliginosa, Bot. Mag. 
t. 4291 ; but the flowers are very different in shape as well as 
in colour. 

Descr. From a short, thick, woody caudex descend numerous 
woolly fibres, which penetrate apparently in a very sandy soil. 
Stem, or, as some might call it, leafy scape, erect, three to five 
feet high, terete below, simple and hoary with downy tomentum, 
above dichotomously branched or paniculated, and clothed with 
dense purple wool, Leaves, those springing from the root, a 
foot long, linear, slightly channelled, rigid, striated, equitant 

APRIL 1st, 1850. 



at the base, erect, acuminated, pale green, the edges very sca- 
brous with minute teeth or serratures. Leaves, of the stem, 
generally at the setting on of a branch, shorter and smaller, 
gradually passing upwards into bracteas. Flowers copious upon 
the terminal branches, pedicellate, arranged in secund, close 
spikes, and externally, as well as the pedicels and peduncles, 
clothed with a dense wool of the richest tyrianthine purple. 
Tube of the perianth rather long, curved, swollen at the base 
where the ovary is : the segments much shorter than the tube, 
but longer than the stamens. Within, the flower is nearly 
glabrous and straw-coloured. Anthers muticous. W. J. II 

Cult. This belongs to a genus of Australian plants, similar in 
habit to the common Flower-de-Luce. It has narrow, sword- 
shaped leaves, that rise from a thick fleshy rhizome, which in- 
creases by lateral offsets, and in time becomes a crowded, csespi- 
tose mass ; the flowers are produced in a kind of corymb, 
on a naked, generally erect flower-stalk, rising above the leaves, 
which, on account of their permanent nature, may be termed ever- 
green. Several species of the genus have been long know r n to 
us as garden plants. They are of a robust nature, requiring 
protection during winter, but will flower in the open air during 
summer, at which time they require a liberal supply of water. 
On account of their dense habit of growth it is advisable to 
divide the mass, and select the young and most vigorous plants 
for repotting, which should be done in autumn or early in 
spring. The soil in which they are planted is not important, 
any kind of light loam suiting them. As the species now figured 
is not, to our knowledge, yet introduced into this country, we 
can only infer that a similar treatment will be suitable. /. S. 



4- SO Si 




Pitch, ael e tlith. 






Tab. 4508. 

PACHIRA ALBA. 

JFhite-floivered Pachira. 



Nat. Ord. Bombace;e. — Monadelphia Polyandbia. 

Gen. Char. Pachira, Aubl. (Carolinea, Linn.fil.) Calyx nudus, subtrun- 
catus, persistens. Petala 5, oblonga, longissima. Stamina basi monadelpha, 
superne in adelphias plures dodecandras fasciculata. Stylus longissimus. Stig- 
mata 5. Capsula lignosa, multivalvis, 1-locularis, polyspermia. Semina nee 
goasypio nee farina induta, arillo carnoso forsan cincta.— Folia palmatim com- 
posila. Be Cand. (under Carolinea). 



Pacwba alba ; arborea inermis, foliis deciduia septenatis, foliolis petiolulatia 
elliptico-lanceolatis acutis glabris, corolla extus pilis fascicnlatis tomentosa, 
tubo staminifero apice lobato, filamentis dichotomis. 

Pachira alba. Walp. Repert. Bot. v. 1. p. 329. 

Carolinea alba. Lodd. Bot. Cab. t. 752. Hook. Exot. Flora, cum 1c. 



This constitutes a small tree, branching chiefly at the top, a 
native of Brazil, flowering in our stove in the winter months, 
and unfortunately at a season when no leaves appear ihe 
trunk is unarmed, clothed with ashy-green bark. The flowers 
are large, and exhale a slight fragrance. We retain the 
name Pachira as the oldest, and unobjectionable. Ihe Pachira 
tomentosa, Mart. Nov. Gen. et Sp. Bras. v. 1. p. 84. t. 56, comes 
very near this, especially in the flowers; but the leaflets ot the 
leaves are much broader and very tomentose. 

Desce. Stem erect, with us twenty-two or twenty-three eet 
high, branched and leafy at the top. Leaves on long footstalks, 
septenate, leaves petiolulate, elliptical-lanceolate, glabrous. Flowers 
solitary from the naked branches. Peduncles stout, bracteated 
when young. Calyx nearly subhemisphencal-globose dark 
green, the limb a little contracted, and entire. Petals Ave, 
large, Ungulate, obtuse, leathery, cream-white within and gla- 
brous ; outside fuscous and clothed with a fasciculated, dense, 
compact down, soon reflexed. Stamens monadelpbous. Wo- 
men* very long, spreading, forked, and all springing from a 

APRIL 1ST, 1850. 



cylindrical tube, which includes the ovary and part of the style. 
Anthers kidney-shaped, one-celled, opening vertically. Ovary 
ovate, five-ribbed. Style longer than the dense mass of stamens, 
rather short, red upwards. Stigma obsoletely five-lobed. W.J.H. 
Cult. This is one of the magnificent Silk-cotton trees of 
Brazil, but without the brilliant-coloured flowers of some allied 
species. The plant from which the drawing was made is a very 
old inhabitant of this garden, having for many years shown itself 
conspicuously in the great old hothouse, where, on account of its 
strong tendency to grow upwards, it was necessary to cut it 
back every year to prevent its branches growing through the 
glazed roof. It is now removed to the palm-house, where it 
will have ample room for some years to come. Being a rude 
and fast grower, it requires no particular treatment. It is a 
deciduous tree, losing its leaves during the winter, and pro- 
ducing its flowers in the spring just before the expansion of the 
new leaves. It can be increased by cuttings of ripened wood, 
placed under a bell-glass and plunged in bottom-heat, care being 
taken that they are not kept too wet, for, being thick and some- 
what soft-wooded, they are liable to rot. /. S. 



Fig. 1. Section of a portion of a flower, showing the staminal tube, &c. 
natural size. 



-SOB. 







R.B.kB.isf- 



Tab. 4509. 
RHODOLEIA Championi. 

Capt. Champion s Rhodoleia. 



Nat. Ord. Hamamelide.e. — Decandria Digynia. 



Gen. Char. Rhodoleia, Champion, MS. Calyx minutus, truncatus, cum 
basi ovarii adnatus, deraum accrescens, persistens. Corolla nulla. Stamina 
10, libera, ealyci inserta ? Ovarium basi pluriglandulosum, biloculare, pluriovula- 
tum. Styli duo, longissimi, decidui. Stigma obtusum. Capsula bilocularis, 
loculis polyspermis. Semina oblique subtriangularia, compressa. — Arbor humilis 
Chinensis. Folia alterna, sempervirentia, elliptico-ovata, obtusa, petiolata. Flores 
capitati, in singulo capituh 5, basi coadunati, involucro duplici fiorem perpulchrum 
emulante circumdati : ext. e foliolis imbricatis sericeis fnscis : int. e foliolis nume- 
rous coloratis (roseis). Fructus compositus e capsulis 5, radiatim dispositi. 



Rhodoleia Championi. 

Rhodoleia. Champ. MS. with a drawing. 



China has already afforded many beautiful plants to the 
gardens of the curious in Europe, and our present relationship 
with the Celestial Empire will doubtless be the means of the 
introduction of many more. We have lately been gratified by 
receiving from Hong-Kong, both from Captain Champion and 
Mr. Braine, seeds, and, from the former gentleman, a dried 
flower and leaf, together with a drawing by a Chinese artist, of 
a perfectly new and most beautiful plant, which, after as accurate 
an inspection as our materials will allow, we do not hesitate to 
refer to Hamamelidet?. All we know (and we desire to apologize 
for the deficiencies) we lay before the public as speedily as 
possible. Better specimens will doubtless, by and by, reach 
us ; and, though our seeds have not yet germinated, we do not 
yet despair of them. Captain Champion, writing from Hong- 
Kong, December 1849, says, "This is admitted by all here to 
be the handsomest of Hong-Kong flowering trees, and new to 
Europeans till I discovered it in February last. It is a small 
tree, but would probably, like the Camellia, blossom as a shrub 
profusely, each branch bearing six to eight flowers. Flowers 
(capitula) at its extremity ; and these two inches and a half m 

APRIL 1st, 1850. 



diameter. Sepals (leaflets of outer involucre) about twelve. 
Petals (leaflets of inner involucre) rose-coloured, about eighteen. 
Stamens thirty to forty (probably fifty in each head, Ed.). Fruit of 
five radiating capsules j each about the size of a small hazel-nut, 
birostrate, two-celled, many-seeded : in the young state crowned 
by two long filiform styles. Leaves long, petiolated, bright 
green, glaucous beneath. Flowers in February, and the fruit 
only attains its full size and ripens in September, splitting when 
ripe from the apex downwards. — Conditions of growth exactly 
those of Camellia Japonica, I should say ; and the tree of about 
the same degree of hardihood : the young trees Mr. Braine has 
transported thrive very well. There was a tree of Camellia 
Japonica in flower in the same wood, also C. oleifera, and another 
probably new species, together with Dr. Siebold's Benthamia, 
a new and very fine Pergularia, an Ornus, six or seven Oaks, a 
Chestnut, a Liquidambar, and other rare trees." 

The opinion of my valued friend Mr. Bentham on my im- 
perfect materials, is worth recording. " Your plant," he says, 
" is allied to Altingia (or the Javanese LiquicUmbar), and Sedg- 
wickia. Sedgwickia is described as exinvolucrate, and in my 
specimens there is no appearance of there having been any in- 
volucre ; but the young shoots issue from buds covered with 
„ imbricate scales, of which the inner ones are larger and more 
coloured than the outer ones ; and one of my heads of fruit pro- 
ceeds from one of those sets of scales, without any leaves inter- 
vening, so that the scales form almost an involucre. The true 
American Liquidambar is also without involucre ; but the Ja- 
vanese one is described as having a deciduous one, and probably 
Altingia, Liquidambar, and Sedgwickia will be found to be three 
distinct genera— all apetalous and with an almost obsolete calyx, 
all pleiandrous, bicarpellary, distylous, pluriovulate :— and in all 
these characters, as well as in the capitate inflorescence and 
concrete capsules opening at the apex, your new genus agrees 
with them. But Altingia and Liquidambar are unisexual, and 
Sedgioickia, which, like yours, is hermaphrodite, differs from 
yours in the want of involucre, or rather in the scales of the 
gemmae being very deciduous, enclosing leaves as well as flower- 
heads, and not being petaloid, whilst in yours each gemma 
encloses only a single flower-head, and has the inner scales so re- 
markably developed and petaloid ; and, also, your styles are long 
and straight, whilst those of Sedgwickia are short and recurved as 
in Liquidambar !' W. J. 1L 

Cult. Our only knowledge of this pretty plant is derived 
from a small specimen sent from Hong-Kong, along with its 
seeds. We received them last December; and, although we 
have been most anxious to obtain this interesting plant in a 



living state, and have treated the seeds in various ways, we have 
not yet had the satisfaction of seeing them vegetate, and fear 
that this is another instance of the uncertainty of obtaining seeds 
from distant countries in a perfect state; for even when sent with 
all necessary care, aided by rapid conveyance, numbers of seeds 
lose their vitality before we receive them, — thus causing much 
disappointment. Tor safety, they are often packed in a close 
tin case, or wrapped in oil-cloth or other close material ; but it 
has been invariably found that when they have been so sent 
there is less probability of success in raising them. The mischief 
takes place generally on board ship in coming through the 
tropics, for, on account of the moisture the seeds contain, the 
heat produces a degree of fermentation, which destroys their 
vitality. This is more particularly the case in large seeds, and 
in such as contain much albumen, especially if they are of an 
oily nature. In preparing seeds for transmission through the 
tropics, our experience leads us to recommend that they should 
be wrapped in a paper parcel, and placed in the cabin or other 
cool part of the ship, but not in a place that is too airy and dry. 
In recommending this, we must be understood to refer more 
especially to small seeds ; for, with all due care, we do not anti- 
cipate much success with acorns and such other large seeds. J.S. 



[In the figures we have to observe the arrangement of the capitals or Leads 
of flowers upon the branches, and the section of the ovary and insertion of the 
seeds are not whollv to be depended upon.] 

Fig. 1. Single pistil. 2. The pistils of the five flowers of the capitalism. 
3. Head of Capsules, with their persistent and enlarged calyces -.—natural she ; 
and accompanied by a seed natural size, and one magnified. 4. Transverse 
section of ovary. 5. The ovaries of the five flowers in situ (stamens removed}. 
6. Stamen : — all but Jig. 3 and the small seed magnified. 









m 



w 



m 



v 



Tab. 4510. 
MANGIFERA Indica. 

Mango Tree. 

Nat. Ord. TEREBINTHACEiE. — Pentandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Flores polygami. Calyx 5-partitus, deciduus. PetalaZ. Stamina 
5, quorum 4 ssepius castrata. Stylus 1. Brupa baccata, subcompressa, nucleo 
fibris lignosis crinito evalvi. Semen ovato-oblongum. Embryo erectus, coty- 
ledonibus carnosis, radicula brevi. — Arbores bidiccs, foliis integris penn'merviis, 
paniculis terminalibus. Fructus edulis. Be Cand. 



Mangifera Indica; foliis oblongo-lanceolatis petiolatis, petalis apice patulis, 
stamine unico fertili, nucleo fibris lignosis crinito evalvi. 

Mangifera Indica. Linn. Spec. PI. p. 290. Lam. 111. 1. 138. Jacq. Ic. Rar. 
v. 2. t. 337. Be Cand. Prodr. v. 2. p. 63. Roxb. Fl. Ind. v. 1. p. 640. 
ed. Wall. v. 2. p. 435. M'Fadyen, Fl. of Jamaica, p. 221. 

Mao, du. Mau vel Mangas. Meed. Malab. v. 4. 1. 1, 2. 

Manga domestica. Rumpk. Ami. v. 1. p. 93. t. 25. 



Long and well as this has been known as the most valuable 
of tropical fruits, I can quote no good and faithful representation, 
save in the costly work of Jacquin above cited. It is the more 
gratifying, therefore, that our plants in the stoves of the Koyal 
Gardens are bearing annually flowers most abundantly, and fruits, 
though comparatively sparingly. Fortunately, our plants are of 
the choicest kind of the East Indies, the Muldah, sent by Dr. 
Wallich to Kew, and the fruit has a remarkably fine flavour. 
Dr. Roxburgh, who had occasion to observe that "of this 
tree, though one of the most common in India, he had not met 
with any description which deserved the name," has given the 
best and fullest account of it, in the Flora Indica above quoted. 
Although cultivated generally throughout the warm parts of Asia, 
it does not appear to be certainly known in a truly wild state. 
Dr. Wallich met with a tree (notm flower) which he considered to 
be this, " seemingly wild, near Hetouma, on the banks of the 
Karra or Karrara rivulet." 

The ripe fruits, says Roxburgh, " are universally eaten, and 
esteemed the best fruit in India : jellies, preserves, tarts, pickles, 
&c, are made of them before they are ripe. The kernels are 
large, and seem to contain much nourishment, but they are 
made no use of except dining times of scarcity and famine ; 

MAY 1st, 1850. 



when they are boiled in the steam of water, and used as an article 
of diet. The wood is of a dull grey colour, porous, yet pretty 
durable if kept dry, but it soon decays if exposed to wet. In 
very large old trees it acquires a light chocolate-colour towards 
the centre of the trunk and larger branches, and becomes hard, 
close-grained, and much more durable. From wounds made in the 
bark there issues a soft, reddish-brown gum-resin, which age 
hardens, and renders exceedingly like Bdellium. Laid on the 
point of a knife and held in the flame of a candle, it readily 
melts, catches flame, and burns with a crackling noise, emitting 
a smell resembling that of Cashew-nuts when roasting. Its 
taste is slightly bitter, with some degree of pungency. It 
dissolves almost entirely in spirits, and in a great measure in 
water : both solutions are milky, with a small tinge of brown." 

The next best account of the Mango we find given by our 
friend Dr. M'Fadyen, in his Flora of Jamaica; for, as may be 
supposed, so highly prized a fruit has been introduced to almost 
all tropical European colonies ; though to the West Indies 
(Jamaica) not till the year 1782, and then by accident, 
among a number of valuable plants taken in a French vessel 
from the East Indies on its way to St. Domingo. They were 
first cultivated in the garden of H. East, Esq., which afterwards 
became the Botanic Garden, St. Andrews, and there being a 
great number of plants producing several varieties of the fruit, 
they were regularly numbered. Hence, two of the most esteemed 
sorts have since come to be generally known by the name of 
No. 1 1 and No. 32, No. 1 1 being a flat-sided green fruit, of a de- 
licious aroma and an agreeable subacid taste. The No. 32 (cor- 
responding, we believe, with our plant here figured, the Muldah 
of the East Indies) resembles it in form and fragrance ; it is of a 
yellow colour, and possesses a more luscious sweetness. It is 
now the most common of West Indian fruit-trees, very pro- 
ductive, and not only sought after by man, but by all the 
domestic animals. It fattens hogs and horned Fstock, and to 
horses will supply, in a great measure, the place of corn. The 
finer varieties are considered by many not inferior to the Pine- 
apple. They are very wholesome ; and it is supposed their slightly 
terebinthme taste prevents the generating of worms. They are 
eaten plain, or sliced, with wine, sugar, and nutmeg. A very 
palatable spirit is obtained from the juice of the fruit and vinegar. 
In India the best kinds are increased by layers or grafting by 
approach.— With us its flowering-season is the early spring, and 
the fruit ripens in October and November. 

Descr. Fine as our largest Mango-tree is (thirteen feet high), it 
is a dwarf compared with its ordinary size in the tropics. M'Fadyen 
speaks of the trunks being thirty to forty feet high, and Dr.Wal'hch 



says they are from ten to fifteen feet in circumference; "a 
grove of that size," says Dr. Wallich, "is before my door." 
Branches numerous, more or less spreading. Leaves copious, 
alternate, petiolate, chiefly from the extremities of the young 
shoots, oblong-lanceolate, acuminate, six or eight inches and more 
long, firm, almost coriaceous, entire, penninerved, bluish-green, 
paler beneath : petioles one to two inches long, rounded, swollen 
at the base. Panicles copious,* terminal ; main stalks furrowed 
and, as well as the patent branches, stout, tinged with red. 
Bracteas small. Flowers small. Calyx deeply five-cleft, downy, 
spreading. Petals ovate, reflexed, pale yellow, with three orange- 
coloured elevated ridges, forming a crest below the middle of the 
disk; these petals arising from a large fleshy five-lobed disk 
which surrounds the ovary. Stamens five, of which four are 
small and abortive, the third perfect -. filaments subulate : anthers 
ovate, purple-red. Ovary subglobose, oblique, compressed, gla- 
brous : style subulate, as long as the ovary. Stigma obtuse. 
Of the numerous flowers, very few swell and become fruit. 
Fruit a drupe as large as a goose's egg, broadly and obliquely 
ovate, subreniform, compressed, dull orange-colour, the remains 
of the style forming a little point below the apex. Nut obliquely 
oval, compressed, large, clothed with coarser filaments, to which 
the juicy flesh adheres pertinaciously. Seed large, reniform. 
Cotyledons very large, fleshy : radicle small. W. J. H. 

Cult. The fruit of this fine East Indian tree being in high 
estimation, it has been introduced into the West Indies and the 
tropical parts of America, where it is now much grown, and 
in these countries may be considered as taking the place of the 
Peach of the temperate zone. Like all highly-cultivated fruits, 
the Mango has its varieties, varying in size and quality, some 
being large, fleshy, and fine-flavoured, while others are compared 
to a mouthfull of tow soaked in turpentine. In the Calcutta 
Botanic Garden the variety called Muldali being considered by 
Dr. Wallich as one of the best, numbers of grafted plants of 
it have been received by us at various times from thence; 
for, like other cultivated fruit-trees, the best sorts can only be 
perpetuated and increased by grafting, or rather by inarching, 
on stocks raised from seeds. Many of the plants, however, have 
died shortly after their arrival in this country. Whether this is 
owing to the nature of the stocks or to the mode of grafting, is 
uncertain, but it does not appear to be through want of care m 

* The ' Gardeners' Chronicle ' of this day, April 6th, 1850, gives the number 
of heads or panicles of flowers on a plant at Sir George Staunton's, Leigh Part, 
namely, 108 : the number of flowers on each panicle is on an average 2,100, and the 
whole number of flowers was estimated at a quarter of a million, ot which (as is 
usual even in tropical countries) only a \ cry few ripen fruit. This year our tree 
has unquestionably produced an even much greater number of panicles. 



their management, for we have known plants when under the 
most favourable circumstances and apparently in vigorous health 
to die suddenly above the graft. The Mango is recorded to 
have been grown in the hothouses of this country at least 100 
years ago j but it is only within the last twenty years that it has 
come into notice as a fruit capable of being brought to per- 
fection in England. The first, and, we believe, the most suc- 
cessful attempt was made by the late Earl of Powis, in his garden 
at Walcot, where he had a lofty hothouse 400 feet long and 
between thirty and forty wide, constructed for the cultivation 
of the Mango and other rare tropical fruits • but within these few 
years we have known it to bear fruit in other gardens. The 
plant here figured was sent by Dr. Wallich to these Gardens 
some years ago. In the summer of 1848 it was placed in the 
Palm-house, where, last year, it bore fifteen fine fruits. It is 
growing in a box three feet and a half square, and now forms 
a round bushy tree, eight feet across and thirteen feet 
high. This spring it has borne a profusion of flowers \ and 
we now observe some young fruit, but it is not so abundant 
as might have been expected from the vast quantity of flowers. 
This deficiency of setting may be in some degree ascribed to 
its flowering at so early a period of the year, during cold dull 
weather, but, we believe, is chiefly owing to the want of im- 
pregnation of the ovules, on account of the imperfection of the 
stamens. The normal number of the latter is five, but out of 
that number only one, generally, bears pollen. As a single raceme 
seldom brings to perfection more than two to four fruits, it may 
be inferred that the great profusion of flowers is a provision of 
nature to supply the deficiency of perfect stamens j and being 
a hothouse plant and flowering at an early season, it is de- 
prived of the agency of bees and other insects, to assist in 
conveying the pollen to the stigma. It is, therefore, essential 
that some substitute for insects should be resorted to. Brushing 
the flowers gently with a camel-hair pencil is probably the best 
plan ; and, although from the smallness of the flowers the 
operation may be tedious, it should be repeatedly done while 
the plant is m flower. ' Judging by the soil in which Mango 
plants have been growing when imported, its nature does not 
appear to be important for ensuring successful cultivation in India. 
nder our cultivation we find the plants thrive in good yellow 
loam containing a little leaf-mould, or other rich vegetable matter, 
J!) mg Cai ' C that lt be wel1 drai «ed. An average temperature of 
00 m winter will suit them; this should be increased as spring 
advances and the plant begins to show symptoms of growth. /. S. 

Fig 1 Flower. 2, Petal. 3. Pistil :~ m t. me. 4. Drupe. 5. Nut taken 
from the drupe. 6. Seed, bursting and showing the embrvo .-nat. size. 




Pitch lei etlith. 



H.B.fc R-iwp- 



Tab. 4511. 

GYNOXYS FRA GRANS. 

Fragrant Gynoxys. 



Nat. Ord. Composite.— Senecionide^e.—Stngenesia Superflua. 

Gen. Char. Capituhm nmltiflorum, heterogamum, ft. radii 1-seriatis ligulatis 
fcemineis, disci tubulosis 5-dent. hermapbr. Invol. 1-seriale, bracteolis SEepius 
paucis subcalvculatum, disco brevius. Recept. planum, alveolatum. Stt/hJ. herm. 
rami in conum hispidum elongatum acutissimum producti, deorsum ssepe 
hispiduli. Jchenia erostria, exalata, teretiuscula. Pappus conformis, pilosus, 
pluriserialis. — Species in America aquinoctiali, alia arborescentes oppositifoha, 
alia scandentes alter nifolia. Folia petiolata. Capitula corymbosa,ftava. De Cand. 



Gynoxys fragrans; scandens glaberrima, foliis alternis sublonge petiolatis ovatis 
seu ovato-lanceolatis acutis subcarnosis iutegerrimis indistincte venosis, 
racemis corymbosis terminalibus, flosculis radii paucis, bracteolis 4-0 
patentissimis subulatis. 



We received this plant at the Royal Gardens of Kew from 
Guatemala, by favour of G. Ure Skinner, Esq. It proves quite 
new both to our Gardens and to the Herbarium, and where there 
is much stove accommodation, it is worth cultivating, for though 
the flowers are truly those of a Bay wort, they are of rather large 
size, and very fragrant, the scent very much like that ot our 
garden stock, and the climbing habit is not of very common 
occurrence in the Natural Order of Composite. It flowered in 
December, trailed against the underside of the glass in the 
great stove. The genus Gynoxys is assuredly too near henecio 
1 Descr. Root tuberous. Stems very long, climbing, perennial, 
branched ; branches subpellucid and succulent, terete, apparently 
showing a disposition to root at the setting on of a branch. 
Leaves alternate, rather distant, petiolate, on long terete petioles, 
exactly ovate or approaching to lanceolate, acute, wavy at the 
margin, of a rather thick and fleshy texture, dark green, 
obscurely penninerved. The flowers are rather large very 
fragrant, and form a terminal and in the lower part lealj 
corymbose raceme. Involucre cylindrical, with about six lax, 
spreading, subulate bracteoles at the base. Florets ot the 



may 1st, 1850. 



spreading ray about six, ligulate, narrow: florets of the disk 
sixteen to seventeen, tubular. Anthers and style much protruded : 
filaments with a knot or swelling below the summit. Anthers 
apiculate. Branches of the style subulate, downy. Achenium 
cylindrical. Pappus rather shorter than floret. W. J. H. 

Cult. This is a coarse-growing, soft-wooded, scandent plant, 
having a large, thick, fleshy root, of the nature of a tuber. It 
grows freely in a mixture of light loam and peat or leaf-mould, 
and, by its rapid growth and clean habit, is well adapted for 
covering trellis-work in the hothouse, or it may be trained up 
a rafter. It is not liable to be attacked by insects, which is a 
character much in its favour as a creeper. It increases readily by 
cuttings ; but these, on account of their soft, succulent nature, 
must not be kept too close, or they will be apt to damp off 
before they have had time to produce roots. /. 8. 



Fig. 1. Stamen. 2. Floret of the disk. 3. Portion of the receptacle. 4. Apex 
of a floret of the ray. 5. Floret of the ray -.—magnified. 



4-SiZ. 




Pitch. ieletlitL. 



R.B.fcTUntp. 



Tab. 4512. 
VERONICA Formosa. 

Handsome Speedwell. 



Nat. Ord. ScROPHULARIACEiE. — DiANDRIA MoNOGYNIA. 

Gen. Char. Calyx 4-5-partitus, rarissime 3-partitus. Corollas tubus nunc 
brevissimus nunc calycem superans ; limbus 4-fidus, rarius 5-fidus, patens, lacinik 
lateralibus vel ima 'e lateralibus exterioribus ssepius angustioribus. Stamina 
2, tubo inserta, exserta, ad latera laciniae superioris sita. Antherarum loculi 
divergentes vel paralleli, apice confluentes. Stylus apice integer, subcapitato- 
stigmatosus. Capsula compressa vel turgida, bisulcata, carpellis dorso plus 
minus loculicide debiscentibus, marginibus inflexis, columnse placentiferse adhae- 
rentibus, vel plus minus ab ea septicide solutis ; vel capsula septicide cum co- 
lumna placentifera bipartibibs. Semina ovata vel orbiculata, facie interna plana 
vel concava affixa, dorso plus minus convexa, lsevia vel rugulosa. Albumen 
ssepius oblongum, circumdatum testa incrassato-cartilaginea alaeformi vel calloso- 
marginante. Embryo rectus ; radicula ad apicem fructus spectans in speciebus 
oligospermis, ab hilo parum remota in polyspermis. Benth. 



Veronica (Hebe) formosa ; fruticosa, ramis bifariam pilosulis, foliis brevis- 
sime petiolatis oblongo-lanceolatis acutis integerrimis tininerviis basi an- 
gustatis glabris, racemis in apicibus ramulorum paucifloris laxe subcorym- 
bosis, calycis segmentis anguste lanceolatis acutis, capsula calyce duplo 
longiore, seminibus apice uncinato-acuminatis. Benth. — Br. Prodr. p. 434. 
Benth. in Be Cand. Prodr. v. 10. p. 462. 

Veronica diosmsefolia. Kn. et Westr. M. Cab. v. 3. p. 65. 1. 106. (mm All. 
Cunn.) 



This pretty shrub has been long in cultivation at the Royal 
Gardens of Kew, raised from seeds sent from Van Dieraen s 
Land, where it inhabits Mount Wellington. Lately it has been 
planted against a wall having an eastern aspect, and has been 
found to brave the winters, and to flower copiously m the 
summer-months. The flowers are a deep and bright blue, pro- 
duced at the end of almost every branchlet. 

Descr. Our plant forms a shrub about two feet high, erect, 
bushy, very much branched and subfastigiate, exhibiting two 
obscure lines of hairs between the leaves. Leaves copious, rather 
crowded, somewhat four-fariously inserted, oblong-lanceolate, 
patent and recurved, tapering at the base, scarcely petiolate, 

tfAY 1st, 1S50. 



single-nerved. Most of the branchlets are terminated by racemes 
of flowers, not many of which are open at one time, though there 
is a long succession of them. Calyx about half the length of 
the corolla, deeply cut into four nearly equal, linear-lanceolate 
segments. Corolla bright and deep purplish-blue, rotate, some- 
what two-lipped ; upper lip of one broad oval lobe, lower of 
three narrower segments, the middle one the smallest. Stamens 
two, shorter than the segments. Capsule elliptical, compressed, 
longer than the persistent calyx, two-celled. Seeds obovate, 
uncinato-mucronate, attached to a thick funiculus. W. J. H. 

Cult. A neat-growing plant, which, with a few other species, 
belongs to a section of Veronica characterized as evergreen 
shrubs, having small, closely-set, decussate leaves, and forming 
Myrtle-like bushes. The old and well known Veronica decussata 
may be viewed as the type of the group. They are natives of 
high southern latitudes, being found in Van Diemen's Land, 
New Zealand, Falkland Islands, and Lord Auckland's and 
Campbell's Islands, in lat. 58°. As might be expected, from 
the nature of the climate of these southern lands, the two 
species known to us in a living state prove sufficiently hardy 
to bear the winter of this climate, when planted in sheltered 
situations, and protected during severe frosts. The species 
figured is a native of Mount Wellington, in Van Diemen's Land, 
and has been known to us for a number of years. Its neat 
habit makes it worthy of being kept in the greenhouse, where 
it produces its pretty racemes of light blue flowers in the 
spring. It grows readily in light loam and leaf-mould, and is 
easily propagated by cuttings, treated in the usual way ; it also 
freely produces seeds. /. S. 



Fig. I. Flower. 2. Calyx. 3. Capsule. 4. Transverse section of ditto. 
5. Seed : — magnified. 



4-5 i 3. 




Rtckleletlith.. 



TL B. & II. imp. 



Tab. 4513. 
ixora barbata. 

Bearded Ixora. 



Nat. Ord. Rubiace;e. — Tetrandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4325.) 



Ixora barbata ; foliis elliptico-oblongis acutis brevi-petiolatis glaberrimis nitidis, 
floralibus subcordatis sessilibus, paniculis amplis laxis trichotome ramosis 
subcorymbosis, corollse (albse) tubo longissimo, limbi lobis obovatis patenti- 
reflexis, fauce radiatim barbata, stylo exserto. 

Ixora barbata. Eoxb. Fl. Ind. v. 1. p. 384. ed. Wall. v. 1. p. 394. Wight, Tc. 
Plant. Lid. Or. v. 1. p. 185. Sims in Bot. Mag. t. 2505 ? 



A very handsome plant, still rare in our stoves, with fragrant 
and very delicate white blossoms, each corolla having its mouth 
fringed with a stellated circle of hairs. If the figure of Dr. Sims, 
above quoted, be intended for this plant, it is a very defective 
representation, both as regards the panicle of flowers and the 
foliage, exhibiting of the latter only the two uppermost pairs of 
leaves, in fact the floral, or lowest pair of bracteal, leaves, which 
differ considerably in form from the cauline ones. Dr. Sims, 
indeed, himself alludes to the differences between his plant and 
the original species of Roxburgh, which ours undoubtedly repre- 
sents, as does Dr. Wight's figure, in his invaluable ' Icones,' 
and which, indeed, is copied from Roxburgh's original drawing. 
Our plant was communicated to the Royal Gardens by Dr. 
Wallich, from the Calcutta Garden, and, hitherto at least, it is 
only known from that source, Dr. Roxburgh remarking, "I 
have only found this in the Botanic Garden." It flowered in 
the stove in July. 

Descr. With us this forms a shrub, about six feet high, with 
rather straggling, opposite branches and handsome foliage. Leaves 
elliptical-oblong, acute, penninerved, subcoriaceous, glossy, short, 
petioled. Stipules ovate, acuminate, deciduous from the older 
branches. Moral-leaves one pair, large, placed at the base of 
the main peduncle, and resembling the other leaves in con- 

may 1st, 1850. 



sistency and almost in size, but sessile or nearly so and cordato- 
ovate. Panicles terminating the branches, large, spreading, 
subcorymbose, trichotomously divided. Floral-bracts gradually 
smaller upwards, ovate, acute. Calyx-tube globose, reddish- 
green, adherent with the ovary : limb of five small, erect teeth. 
Corolla with the tube an inch and a half long, slender, a little 
curved, greenish-white : limb pure white within, spreading and 
reflexed, the segments obovate, obtuse : the faux or mouth of the 
corolla encircled with a delicate fringe of hairs. Style exserted. 
Stigma club-shaped, bifid. W. J. H. 

Cult. With few exceptions, the numerous species of Ixora 
are natives of the East Indies, Java, and other islands of the 
Indian Ocean; they require, therefore, to be cultivated in a 
warm and moist hothouse. An atmosphere similar to that main- 
tained in the Orchideous house will suit them. This is an erect, 
slender species, apt to become thin and naked below; it is, 
therefore, necessary occasionally to stop the leading shoots, in 
order to make it throw out side-branches. Light loam and 
sandy peat-soil suit it, if the pot is well drained. Like the 
other well-known species, this increases readily from cuttings, 
planted m sand under a bell-glass, and plunged in bottom 
neat. J . JS. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Pistil :— magnified. 



4.S44- 




TUeve Bei4inlf^ 



Tab. 4514. 
COLQUHOUNIA coccinea. 

Scarlet-jlowered Colquhounia. 



Nat. Ord. Labiate. — Didynamia Gymnospermia. 

Gen. Char. Cat. tubuloso-campanulatus, 10-nervius, subincurvus, subsequaliter 
5-dentatus, fauce intus nuda. Corolla tubo exserto incurvo intus nudo fauce 
dilatata, limbo bilabiato, labio superiore erecto integro subplano, inferiore sub- 
patente, lobis 3 brevibus ovatis integris. Stamina sub galea adscendentia. 
Filamenta basi nuda. Anthera approximate, biloculares, loculis demum diva- 
ricatis. Stylus apice subsequaliter bifidus, lobis subulatis. Nucula oblonga?, 
siccse, laeves, apice membranaceo products. — Frutices Indici, volubiles, scandentes 
vel erecti, stepe tomentosi nee pilosi. Verticillastri laxi, axillares, vel in spicam 
terminalem approximati. Bractese minuta. Corollee coccinea. Benin. 



Colquhounia coccinea ; scandens, foliis glabriusculis asperulis junioribus caly- 
cibusqae tomento tenui canescentibus, dentibus calycinis ovatis obtusis, 
corollse labio superiore ovato. Benth. 

Colquhounia coccinea. Wall, in Trans. Linn. Soc. Bond. v. 13. p. 688. Ft. 
Nepal, v. 1. p. 13. t. 6. Benth. in Be Cand. Prodr. v. 12. p. 457. 



The present is one of three Indian species of plants consti- 
tuting the genus Colquhounia of Dr. Wallich, named by that 
zealous botanist in compliment to his friend Sir Robert Col- 
quhoun, Bart., a gentleman very conversant with the various 
branches of Natural History, and who communicated to the 
noble Garden of Calcutta many living plants and specimens, and 
observations on the botany of Kumaon. The species now before 
us was detected by Dr. Wallich in the mountain districts of 
Nepal, and was first published in the Linnsean Transactions, and 
afterwards, with a figure, in the valuable ' Tentamen Florae 
Nepalensis.' The two other species appeared in the splendid 
1 Plantae Asiaticse Rariores ' of the same author. This species 
has, at first sight, little of the general aspect of a Labiate plant, 
but rather of some of the Vitices. It is a tall-growing and sub- 
scandent shrub, and flowered in the open air, against a west 
wall, in September 1849. The seeds had been many years ago 
sent by Dr. Wallich. The flowers are handsome. 

MAY 1st, 1850. 



Descr. A tall straggling and subscandent shrub, with woolly, 
obscurely four-angled branches. Leaves opposite, rather long, 
petiolate, ovate, approaching to cordate, moderately acuminate, 
rather strongly dentato-serrated, penninerved and reticulated, 
nearly glabrous above, ashy and very downy, almost woolly, 
beneath. Petioles one to three inches long, woolly. Flowers 
axillary, three to five, on very short peduncles, pseudo-verticillate. 
Bracteas small, linear, shorter than the calyx. Calyx half the 
length of the tube of the corolla, funnel-shaped, five-angled, 
but the angles concealed with woolly down, five-toothed, spread- 
ing. Corolla with a yellow ground, but the upper lip and back 
of the tube and margin of the lower lip red j tube much dilated 
upwards, downy ; limb two-lipped ; upper lip erect, nearly plain, 
ovate, bifid, lower lip large, deflexed, three-lobed, lobes ovate. 
Stamens moderately exserted. Ovary deeply four-lobed, situated 
in a fleshy gynophore. Style a little thickened upwards. Stigma 
bifid. W.J.H. * J 

Cult. A soft-wooded, tomentose shrub, a native of Nepal, 
and, like many other plants of that country, sufficiently hardy 
to endure the open air of this country when planted against a 
wall, or in a sheltered situation, and protected during severe 
frosts with a mat, or some such covering. A plant in the 
Royal Gardens, growing against a west wall, has survived the 
last two winters; the upper part of the branches has been 
destroyed, but the stout and woody part lower down is un- 
injured. It grows luxuriantly during the summer, and in autumn 
produces its flowers. It is propagated by cuttings. /. S. 



Fig. 1. Flowers and bracts. 2. Pistil -.—magnified. 



4-S/S. 



5&3 




Pitthiel etlitk. 



K.B.kKm- 



Tab. 4515. 
METROSIDEROS buxifolia. 

Box-leaved Metrosideros. 



Nat. Ord. Myrtace^e. — Icosandbia Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4471.) 



Metrosideros buxifolia ; scandens, rarais incanis, foliis quadrifariis patentibus 
ovato-rotundatis obtusis coriaceis subsessilibus nitidis margine revolutis 
utrinque pilis incanis conspersis subtus punctatis, floribus in axillis termi- 
nalibus, pedunculis brevibus trifloris. 

Metrosideros buxifolia. All.Gunn. in Ann. of Nat. Hist. v.Z. p. III. Wal- 
pers, Repert. Bot. v. 2. p. 165. 

Metrosideros scandens. Forst. in Geertn. Fruct. v. I. p. 172. t. 34./. 10. 



This and other " scandent " New Zealand species of Metrosi- 
deros do not, in cultivation and confined as they are in pots or 
tubs, give any idea of the climbing character attributed to them. 
With us the present species has a Myrtle-like habit, four to five 
feet high, with rather robust branches and leaves, which only 
require to be more acute to be quite like those of a common 
Afyrffe in shape. Allan Cunningham describes it in New Zea- 
land as " a rambling shrub adhering to trees, and by its lateral 
roots climbing to the summits of the loftiest timber in the forests 
of Wangaroa, Bay of Islands." It appears to be not uncommon 
in the Northern Island, and is called by the aborigines AM, and by 
the Missionaries Lignum-Vita, no doubt on account of the hard- 
ness of the wood. It requires the protection of a greenhouse in 
this country, and flowers in August. 

Descr. A much branching shrub, scandent and rooting m 
its native country, in the same way as Ivy with us. Young 
branches hoary. Leaves approximate, patent, in four rows, 
small, half an inch long, almost sessile, elliptical or ovato-ro- 
tundate, very obtuse, coriaceous, glossy, dark green above, 
somewhat hoary with minute appressed hairs more copious 
beneath, where they are also dotted, and where the ground- 
colour is paler : the margins are revolute : nerves about five, the 
lateral ones from near the base. Peduncles very short, three- 

■ii ne 1st, 1850. 



flowered, from the axils of the upper leaves, and thence forming 
a sort of capitate leafy corymb. Pedicels very short. Calyx 
turbinate, dotted and slightly hairy, the limb of five, obtuse 
lobes. Petals elliptical, small, white. Stamens about twenty- 
five. Filaments erect, white, four times as long as the erect 
petals. Anthers small, yellow. Style filiform, shorter than the 
stamens. {Capsule small, globose, three-celled. A. C.) W.J.H. 
Cult. This a neat box-leaved evergreen shrub. In its 
climbing habit it resembles Metrosideros florida and M. tomen- 
tosa, figured at tabs. 4471 and 4488, and, like them, it requires, 
in this climate, the protection of the greenhouse during the 
winter and spring months. It grows freely if potted in light 
loam, and, on account of its slender growth, requires support. 
It is easily increased by cuttings placed under a bell-glass. /. S. 



Fig. 1. Peduncle with three flowers. 2. Calyx and pistil -.—magnified. 



4-S16. 




tit ck del etlith 



fL.B.&^.ii^- 



Tab. 4516. 
HEDYCHIUM chrysoleucum. 

Golden and white Garland-flower. 



Nat. Ord. Scitamine,e. — Monandria Monogynia. 



Gen. Char. Cat. tubulosus, tritlentatus. Corolla tubus elongatus, gracilis, 
limbi laciaiiB exteriores angustae, asquales, interiores conformes, paulo breviores ; 
labellum majus iudivisum, v. sEepius emarginatum aut bifidum. lilamentum 
filiforme ; anthera terminalis, incumbens, utrinque emargmata. Stylus hhiormis ; 
stimna infundibuliforme. Ovarium inferum, triloculare. Ovula in loculorum 
aneulo centrali plurima, horizontal, anatropa. Cupula triloculare, locuhcido- 
trivalvis. Semina plurima, arillata.— Herbse in Asia tropica obvue, caulescen- 
tes- radicibus tuberosis, articulate, horizontalibus ; foliis in vaginix sem-avtplex- 
icaulibus subsessilibus ; inflorescentia terminali, spicata, spathis imbncatis, flonbus 
fasciculatis, bracteis involutis. Midi. 



Hedychium chrysoleucum ; foliis oblongo-lanceolatis acumniatis, spathis exte- 
rioribus latis obtusissimis, interioribus cylindraceis tubulosis, flonbus jaxe 
spicatis, perianthii limbi laciniis ext. linearibus, int. lacuna medur rotundate 
un-uiculata profunde bifida, laciniis laterahbus oblongo-ovatis basi attenua- 



tis, stamine laciniis longiore. 



A very handsome and deliriously scented "jarlanj/lower 
the flowers a very pure white, bright orange in he disk and 
the. anther and filament a very deep orange. It has been long 
at, inhabitant of our stove, and was sent fr™ , Ind » ty ™ "J 
Or. Roxburgh. It appears to have escaped the not. to f the 
distinguished author of the work on monandrous Sc.tammcan 
plants ; though it is nearly allied to two which are figured in 
that splendid book, the Hedychiim favescem (S.fiivum Sot 
Mag. t 2378) and Hedyehmm spieatum Irom the former 1 is 
at once distinguished by its glabrous leaves, from both ib, the 
larger flowers and the much larger and broader lateral segment s 
and by the pure white of the inner segments of the jerianth w* 
the rich orange-colour of the disk or centre. It flowers „i the 
autumn, and deserves a place in every stove. 

Oescr. Plant about five feet. Leaves a foot or more long, 



JUNE 1st, 1850. 



subdistichous, oblong-lanceolate, sharply acuminated, glabrous 
on both sides, the bases forming long sheaths, auricled at the 
top of the sheath. Spike many-flowered, bracteated. Bracteas 
lax, outer or lower ones broad and obtuse or refuse, inner or 
upper ones convoluted and almost cylindrical. Tube of the 
perianth very long, slender, terete, slightly widening upwards. 
Limb of six segments : the three outer ones linear, tawny yellow, 
soon withering and reflexed; inner of three very unequal 
segments, all pure white with a deep orange disk ; the superior 
one, or lip, very large, suborbicular, clawed, deeply bifid, the 
lateral ones spreading horizontally, ovate-oblong, all attenuated 
below. Filament longer than the inner portion of the perianth, 
grooved above for the reception of the style-, anther linear- 
oblong, recurved, of the same colour as the filament. Stigma 
green, protruded a little beyond the anther. W. J. H. 

Cult. The genus Hedychium consists of tropical perennial 
plants, characterized by a thick, fleshy, creeping, rhizome-like root, 
from which arises an herbaceous, leafy stem, formed of the 
sheathing bases of the leaves, and bearing a terminal head or 
long spike of showy flowers. After flowering, the stem dies 
down, and the roots assume a state of rest, remaining so until 
again stimulated into action by heat and moisture. When arti- 
ficially cultivated, it is therefore desirable, when the plant has 
flowered and the stems show symptoms of decay, gradually to 
reduce the supply of water. During winter the soil should be 
kept just sufficiently moist to prevent the roots from shrivelling : 
early m the spring these should be shaken out of the old soil, 
and the young and vigorous rhizomes selected for repotting. Fresh 
loam mixed with a little rotten dung, or other rich vegetable 
manure suits them, provided it be not such as will become 
sour and retentive of water : to guard against this, the pot must 
be well drained In order to start the plants into growth, they 
should be placed m a warm pit, little water being given till they 
have made some progress, after which, and during the summer 
months, they will require to be freely supplied with it. /. 8. 



4-S17. 




Titckieletlitk 



HeeTe Benhani- (fclUeve.HBf ■ 



Tab. 4517. 
OBERONIA IRIDIFOLIA. 

Iris-leaved Oberonia. 



Nat. Ord. Orchide^e.— Gynandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Sepala patentia v. reflexa, ssepius inter se Eequalia, libera. Petala 
sepalis minora, nunc iis conformia, nunc linearia, aliquando erosa. Labellum 
ascendens, cum columna haud articulatum, forma varia, saepius elongatum, sem- 
per magis minusve distincte 4-lobum : lobis lateralibus nunc dentiformibus, 
mtermediis quandoque fere connatis. Columna minima, libera, stigmate elevato. 
Antkera bilocularis. Pollinia duo, pyriformia, solida. — Herbte supra arbores 
et saxa crescentes, scepius acaules ; foliis semper distichis. Scapus saepius anceps. 
Flores nunc racemo longissimo verticillati, nunc alterni, virides v. lutei. Lindl. 



Oberonia iridifolia; foliis latis ensiformibus, racemo longo, basi ancipiti nml- 
tifloro, floribus verticillatis, bracteis fimbriatis, sepalis reflexis, petalis erosis, 
labello subovato obtuso flmbriato basi concavo obsolete 4-lobo. Lindl. 

Oberonia iridifolia. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. n. 1948. et in Gen. et Sp. Orchid.p. 15. 

Cymbidium iridifolium. Roxb. Hort. Bengal, p. 63. Ft. Ind. v. 3. p. 458. 

Malaxis ensiformis. 8m. in Rees' Cycl. v. 22. 



The genus Oberonia is one of the most remarkable of all 
Orchideous plants, in the distichous characters of the leaves and 
in the usually very dense spikes of minute flowers, not inaptly 
resembling those of Myosurus. The name is thus classically 
explained by its author, Dr. Lindley : " Ut Oberon, regiolus ille 
Dryadeus, Empusarum septentrionalium princeps, in ramos ar- 
borum equitat, inter folia vultum multiformem abscondens, sic 
herbiolae nostras, facie non minus mutabiles, in India? sylvis 
latitant v. in curru suo frondoso triumphant." The present is, 
I believe, the largest of the known species, and is a native of 
Otaheite, where it was first detected by Sir Joseph Banks (and 
whence our living plants were sent us by Mr. Bidwill), of Ceylon 
{Macrae), and of Nepal and Silhet, where it was found by 
Dr. Buchanan Hamilton and by Dr. Wallich, and where it 
flowers in the cold season. With us it first produced its 
singular flower-spikes (more like a rat's than a mouse's tail) 
in January 1850. 

I>l:s('R. Epiphytal. Leaves lew, broad, ensiform, acuminated, 

JUME 1st, 1850. 



fleshy, equitant ; in young plants generally brownish or copper- 
coloured ; older ones light green. Scape equitant, almost 
winged, shorter than the leaves. Spike longer than the scape, 
of innumerable, dense, minute, bracteated Jlowers, of a pale 
yellowish flesh-colour. Bracieas membranaceous, ovate, fim- 
briated. Sepals and petals ovate, reflexed, the latter erose or 
irregularly serrated. Lip subovate, cucullate and fleshy, and 
deep orange-coloured at the base, somewhat four-lobed, downy 
within, side-lobes indistinct, terminal lobes forming a bifid apex 
with a mucro in the sinus. Column very short, clavate ; stigma 
prominent. Anther-case hemispherical, sunk within a cavity at 
the back of the stigma. Pollen-masses two, oblong. W. J. H. 

Cult. Being a native of the warm parts of India, this Orchid 
requires to be grown in the warm division of the Orchideous 
house. We have found it succeed when attached to a block of 
wood suspended near the glass, the plant being in an inclined 
position. A damp atmosphere is essential to it ; still it appears 
to suffer if long exposed to any excess of moisture, especially 
during the winter season. /. S. 






Fig. 1. Flower and bractea. 2. Ovary and column. 3. Pollen-masses : — 
magnified. 



4-S18 




Heeve, Btrlam 8. B.»eve, unj • 



Tab. 4518. 
hoya coriacea. 

Coriaceous-leaved Hoya. 



Nat. Ord. Asclepiade^e. — Pentandria Digynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4347.) 



Hoea coriacea ; volubilis glabra, foliis coriaceis ellipticis acutis v. acuminatis 
basi rotimdatis v. obsolete emarginatis subvenosis (penniveniis) supra pe- 
tiolum calloso-glandulosis, umbellis longissime pedunculatis multifloris, co- 
rolla? intus sericeo-velutinse laciniis triangulari-ovatis acutis, corona; sta- 
minese foliolis supra convexis, angulo exteriore obtusiusculo subrecliuato. 

Hoy a coriacea. Bl. Bijdr. Mor. Ned. Ind. p. 1063. et in Rumphio, vol. 4. t. 187. 
Be Cand. Frodr. S.p. 638. Bl. Mus. Bot. Lugd. Bat. \.p. 44. 



Discovered by Dr. Blume in mountain woods on the western 
side of Java. Mr. Thomas Lobb detected it in the same island, 
on Mount Salak, and transmitted living plants to the rich 
nursery of Messrs. Veitch at Exeter, in whose collection this 
handsome species first blossomed in August 1849. It is a 
climber, and requires the heat of the stove. 

Descr. Everywhere glabrous. Stem branched, twining, terete ; 
young branches green. Leaves opposite, on short thick petioles, 
which are glandular above at the setting on of the blade, which 
latter is almost exactly elliptical, or approaching to ovate, acute, 
between coriaceous and fleshy, acute or shortly acuminated, 
costate, penniveined, the veins rather indistinct. Peduncles sub- 
axillary, solitary, terete, longer than the leaf, pendent, bearing 
a large umbel of numerous flowers, brown in the state of the 
bud, much paler when fully expanded. Pedicels very obscurely 
villous. Calycine segments subulate, much shorter than the 
corolla. Corolla rather large, glabrous and glossy externally, 
within pale tawny and downy: the lobes triangular, acute, 
the sides a little reflexed. Staminal crown white, with a dark 
brown eye ; leaflets ovate, gibbous at the base, obtuse, the apex 
a little curved down. W. J. H. 

Cult. The genus Hoya consists of between forty and fifty 
June 1st, 1850. 



described species, which, with a few exceptions, are natives of 
tropical India and the Malayan Islands. They are soft- wooded, 
suffmticose, twining plants, of an epiphytal habit ; their leaves 
are usually thick and coriaceous. Most of the species inhabit 
moist woods, though some grow in exposed places, subject to 
great drought during the tropical dry season. This plant is a 
native of moist woods in Java, and is described as a strong- 
growing species. It requires a temperature suitable for tropical 
Orchids, but less moisture, especially during winter. It is 
adapted for growing against a back wall or for training up 
rafters ; or it may be coiled round a trellis fixed to a pot. Light 
peat soil, mixed with a portion of turfy loam, is suitable, pro- 
vided it be not such as will become stagnant by an excess of 
water. To prevent this, the pot should be well drained with 
potsherds, and pieces of charcoal mixed with the soil. It is 
propagated by cuttings placed in heat. 



Kg. 1. Calyx and ovaries. 2. Flower :— magnified. 



4-5 '/& 




:ch,lel et TitL. 



Hf.rrc BeiQuun Jr. 



Tab. 4519. 
ochna atro-purpurea. 

Bark-purple Ochna. 

Nat. Ord. OcHNACEiE. — Polyandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. (Ochna, Diporidium inclus.) Calyx pentapbyllus, coloratus 
foliolis imbricatis, deciduis. Corolla petala 5-10, hypogyna, calyce paulo ma- 
J '°™' ob . ovata v - oblonga, patentia. Stamina plurima, petalis breviora j flamenla 
nbformia, anthem introrsae, biloculares, filamentis breviores v. longiores, basi 
affip, loculis oppositis, ovatis, filamento brevioribus, juxta totam longitud'inem 
v. bnearibus filamentum superantibus, rima basim baud attingente, puis minus 
longa debiscentibus. Ovarium columna centrali stylifera depressissima, ampliata 
tn- qumque- decempartitum, lobis gynophoro ovato v. hemisphfcrico lata basi ob- 
lique insidentibus, obtusissimus, ovulo unico adscendente fcetis ; stylo inter lobos 
centrali, apice quinque- decemfido, stigmatibus minimis. Baccce 5-10 v. abortu 
pauciores, interdum solitariae, gynopboro ampliato insidentes, uniloculares, mono- 
spermae. Semen. ... .— Arbores v. frutices, in Asia, Africa tropica crescenlcs ; 
foliis altemis, deciduis, simplicibus, serratis v. rarius subintegerrimis, stipulis 
axillaribus geminis, deciduis, racemis pedunculitis, satpissime e gemma squamosa 
infra folia annotina ortis bracteatis, floribus luteis, pedicellis medio aut paulo 
supra basin articulatis. Endl. 

Ochna atro-purpurea ; floribus 5-petaIis sobtariis vel 2-4-racemulosis, antberis 
linearibus apice biporosis, stigmatibus brevissimis, fobis oblongis serratis 
subintegrisve. 

Ochna atro-purpurea. Be Cand. in Ann. Mus. dCHist. Nat. v. 17. p. 41 2. Ejmd. 

Prodr. v.l.p.lBQ. Planch, in Hook. Lond. Journ. Bot. v. 5. p. 654. 
Dipoeidium atro-purpureum. Wendl. 

Ochna arborea. Burch. in Be Cand. Prodr. v.l.p. 736. Planch. 1. c. p. 654. 
Ochna serrulata. Hochst. in Krauss Fl. Natal, p. 41 (sub Biporidio). 

Ochna Natalitia. Meisn. in Hook. Lond. Journ. Bot. v. 2. p. 58 {sub Biporidio). 
Planch. I.e. p. 655. 

Ochna Delagoensis. EcJcl. et Zeyh. Enum. PI. Afr. Austr. p. 926 (sub Biporidio). 
Walp. Report, v. 1. p. 528. Planch. I. c. p. 655. 

Arbor Africana. Pluken.Alm. t. 263./. 1, 2. 

An evergreen greenhouse shrub, native of South Africa, cast 
of the Cape, and extending as far as Delagoa Bay, varying, how- 
ever, much in size, in the solitary or racemose flowers, in the size 
and serratures of the leaves, which are sometimes sharply serrated, 
sometimes nearly if not quite entire. The original authority for 
this plant is Plukenet's very indifferent figure above quoted, 
which De Candolle characterized as having " ovate, acutely den- 
ticulated leaves." Such a form of leaf neither exists in Plukenet's 
plate, nor, have I seen it on any South African Ochna. The 
0. arborea of Burchell is said to have " oval-oblong and nearly 
entire leaves," quite according with 0. atro-purpurea. Then an 
0. {Diporidium) serrulata was described by Hochstettin from 
Port Natal, partly agreeing with 'our present plant, and which 
M. Planchon has rightly referred to it. 0. {Diporidium) Nata- 
litia of Meisner (also from Port Natal) has no better claim to 
be distinct, and is, I believe, intended to be identical with 
june 1st, 1850. 



0. serrulata of Hochst. Lastly, the 0. {Diporidium) Dela- 
yoensis of Ecklon and Zeyher, in its character, differs in no respect 
from a common form of 0. atro-purpurea, and my own specimen 
from Delagoa Bay (gathered by Forbes) cannot be distinguished 
from it. It is to be feared that many other South African species 
have been, in the same way, needlessly multiplied and equally 
require the pruning-knife. 0. atro-purpurea derives its name 
from the dried state of the plant, when the large persistent 
calyces become of a lurid purple-brown, especially when in fruit. 
In the living plant, the bright yellow flowers with pale yellow- 
green calyx enliven the greenhouse in the month of March. 

Descr. A rather harsh-looking, rigid shrub, varying in size 
(sometimes, it would appear, from Burchell's name, tree-like), 
with oblong, evergreen leaves, on short footstalks, quite glabrous, 
acute, the margins sometimes almost spinuloso-serrate, generally 
moderately serrate, sometimes nearly or quite entire. Flowers 
either solitary upon axillary slender petioles, or racemose and 
then often terminal. Calyx of five, nearly ovate, concave, pale 
green sepals, turning red as the fruit ripens, and persistent. 
Petals five, obovate, spreading, concave, yellow : these and the 
many stamens arise from a long, fleshy, eventually red torus or 
yynobase. Anthers golden-yellow, linear, opening at the apex by 
two pores. Ovaries five, surrounding a straight style, which 
divides at the apex into five short, radiating stigmas. Of the 
five ovaries, only one becomes a transversely ovate, large, black, 
glossy berry upon the large fleshy torus, now, as well as the 
calyx, turned red. (This handsome fruit did not ripen till after 
the plate was engraved.) W. J. H. 

Cult. A rigid branched shrub,introduced to the Royal Gardens 
in 1823, and which, being a native of the Cape of Good Hope, 
was treated as a greenhouse plant. Although it continued to 
maintain a fair degree of vigour (considering its scrub-like habit), 
yet it never produced flowers till this season. This was pro- 
bably owing to its having been placed under different circum- 
stances from those to which it had been accustomed. Thinking 
it would be benefited by greater warmth during winter, and 
having accommodation in the Palm-house, it was placed there 
last autumn. The result was, that in April we were agreeably 
surprised to see it profusely covered with its pretty, sweet-scented 
flowers. Several other plants have flowered similarly for the first 
time on being placed in a greater degree of heat, which shows that 
with our long-continued low temperature in winter and spring, 
and deficiency of bright sunshine in summer (as compared with 
the Cape), our usual greenhouse climate is not adapted for the 
perfect development of this and other slow-growing Cape and 
New Holland plants. /. S. 

l'ig\ 1. Stamen. 2. Pistil and torus : — magnified. 



4-520. 




'■Br - ^a &"»-■ ,.*r*Hi . > * • 




■ 




■•■•,. 



Reeve BelLhiTn- *> B.e 
• 



Tab. 4520. 

hoya purpureo-fusca. 

Brown purple-flowered Hoya. 



Nat. Ord. Asclepiade^e. — Pentandeia Monogynia. 
Gen. Char, {Vide supra, Tab. 4347.) 



Hoya purpureo-fusca ; glaberrima. volubilis, caulibus ramisque teretibus radi- 
cantibus, foliis caruoso-coriaceis crassis ovatis acutis utriuque 5-nerviis ad 
petiolum crassum calloso-glandulosis, pedunculis folio brevioribus, umbellis 
hemisphaericis compactis multiiioris, corolla supra pubescenti-hirsuta cinereo- 
fusca, coronse stamineas foliolis ovatis acutis purpureo-i'uscis superne planis. 



A native of Java, where it was detected and whence it was 
sent to Messrs. Veitch of the Nursery, Exeter, by his collector, 
Thomas Lobb, who describes it, as it really is, as a handsome 
climber, common in the woods at Panarang. Its nearest affinity 
is with II cinnamomifolia, having the same kind of foliage, that 
is, with parallel nerves (not penninerved) and flowers of nearly 
the same size and shape, but the colour is extremely different in 
the two, and in this the corolla is pubescenti-hirsute ; in which 
particular, and in the parallel nerves of the leaf, it approaches 
the Hoya macrophylla, Bl. Rumphia, t. 185 ; but in the latter 
the leaf is reticulated between the nerves, the staminal crown 
has the leaflets much more acuminated, and the colour of the 
flowers is quite different. It flowered copiously in Mr. Veitch's 
stove in September, 1S49, when our drawing was made. The 
flowers are of a rich purplish-brown. 

Descr. A glabrous twining and branching shrub, everywhere 
(except the corolla) glabrous : branches terete, often throwing out 
short fibrous roots. Leaves opposite, on very thick, brownish 
petioles, four to five inches long, exactly ovate, acute, or shortly 
acuminate, thick, fleshy, five-nerved, the nerves all diverging 
from the base, and having a gland at the base where set on to 
the petiole. Peduncles axillary, shorter than the leaf, occa- 
sionally rooting, and bearing a dense many-flowered umbel. 
Pedicels slender. Calyx of five deep, almost subulate, segments. 
JUNE 1st, 1850. 



Corolla rotate, ashy-brown, pubc ^enti-hirsute above, cut into 
five roundish and shortly acumm L ,ed lobes. Staminai crown 
of five ovate, fleshy, rich purple -brown, acute leaflets, nearly 
plane at the top, convex below. W. J. H. 

Cult. In habit and manner of growth, this agrees with 
the species figured at Tab. 4518. Coming from the same 
locality, it will succeed with the same kind of treatment. /. S. 



Fig. 1. Flower: — magnified. 



tszi. 



/>*" 







Tab. 4521. 

ECHINOPSIS cristata; var. purpurea. 

Crested Echinopsis ; purple-flowered var. 



Nat. Ord. Cactace,e. — Icosandria Monogynia. 



Gen. Char. Echinopsis, Zucc. — Perigonii tabus ultra gerraen longe productus, 
pulvilligcrus ; pliylhi liuinerosissima, sepaloidea intiraa squamiformia, superiora 
elongata spiraliter imbricata in axillis setigera, petaloidea longiora, plus minusve 
patentia, corollam lato-infundibuliformem vel subcampanulatam temulantia. 
Stamina biserialia, serie una fundo tubi inserta et versus perigonii limbum anti- 
cura fasciculatim convergente, serie altera cum toto tube- connata et orificio tubi 
quasi circulatim inserta. Stylus tiliformis stamina vix superans. Stigma multi- 
radiatum, radiis linearibus. Bacca squamtita, squamarum axillis setosis. Coty- 
ledoncs connata;, minuta?, globulosae. — Caulis carnosus, depressus, globosus vel sub- 
cylindraceus, vertice nunquam lanigero, costis plus minusve numerosis instructus ver- 
ticaliter continuis {repandis, obrepandis, vel crenulatis), aut interruptis {tuberculis 
pulvilligeris oblique subdistinctis). Aculei brevissimi vel elongati, recti vel curvati. 
Elores semper lateralis, erecti, per aliquot dies noctu dieque aperti. Gemma flori- 
fera pilis sericeis, plerumque nigrix, dense vestita est. Salm-Dyck. 



Echinopsis cristata; caule depresso-globoso nitido viridi 17-costato, costis eora- 
pressis inter pulvillos cristatim obrepandis, pulvillis immersis subconfertis 
griseo-tomentosis, aculeis rigidis exterioribus 10 recurvato-patentibus 
suuimo cum centrali solitario longioribus crecto-recurvulis. Salm-Dyck. 

a. Elore albo. 

Uctiinopsis cristata. Salm-Dyck, Cactece inllort. Dye/,: cult. pp. 38 and 178. 

Echinocactus obrepandus. Salm-Dyck, A. G. Z. 1845. p. 386. 

/3. Flore purpureo. (Tab. Nostr. 4521.) 

Specimens of this fine plant, no less remarkable for the large 
size' of its flowers than for the deeply-lobed ribs of the stem, 
were purchased of Mr. Bridges on his return from Bolivia, where 
he had gathered them and other fine species of Cactacae then 
first known in our gardens, in 1844. In 1846, the individual 
which blossomed, and which is here represented, produced purple 
flowers; that which bloomed the following year (1847) bore 
white ones. The latter we look upon as identical with the 
Echinopsis cristata of Salm-Dyck. The genus Echinopsis, jf 
genus it really be, is placed in a distinct tribe, Cereastrea, from 
Echinocactus, which is in Ec/unocactea : the former being cha- 
racterized by having the flowers lateral, the tube of the peri- 

JULY 1st, 1850. 



gone generally elongated: the latter having the flowers arising 
from the vertex of the stem, and the tube of the perigone generally 
short. July has been with us the season of flowering. 

Desce,. Our largest specimen is about seven inches in dia- 
meter, globose, but depressed and rather deeply umbilicated at 
the top, full green (not glaucous), somewhat glossy, deeply fur- 
rowed, the ribs about 17-18, nearly straight, much compressed, 
notched at nearly equal intervals, and thus divided into a num- 
ber of very obtuse rounded lobes (crested). Pulvinuli, or collec- 
tions of down, in the notches, from which also diverge 10-12 
slightly curved, strong, large, and unequal spines, or aculei, the 
uppermost one and central one rather the longest and strongest, 
all of a dull-brown colour. Mowers very la'rge, 2-4 from a plant, 
arising from near the summit and from one of the pulvilli, funnel- 
shaped, the tube six inches long, green, bearing numerous acu- 
minated scales, fringed with rather copious woolly black hair, 
uppermost scales longer, gradually passing into sepals, and those 
again into numerous oblong, spreading, rose-coloured petals, ser- 
rated and mucronate at the point. Stamens numerous, inserted 
at the mouth, yellow. Anthers small. Style reaching to the 
mouth of the flower, and bearing the numerous long, woolly, 
slender rays of the stigma. 

Cult. This showy Echinopsis is a native of Chili, and, like its 
Mexican allies, thrives if potted in light loam with a little leaf- 
mould and a few nodules of lime-rubbish. The latter are for 
the purpose of keeping the soil open ; it is also necessary that 
the pot should be well drained. In winter, water must be given 
very sparingly and the atmosphere of the house should be dry : 
the temperature need not exceed 50° during the night, and in 
very cold weather it may be allowed to fall 10° lower, provided 
a higher temperature be maintained during the day. As the 
season advances the plants should receive the full influence of the 
increasing warmth of the sun ; and during hot weather they wiU 
be benefited by frequent syringeing over-head, which should be 
done in the evening : it is, however, necessary to guard against 
the soil becoming saturated, for the soft fibrous roots suffer if 
they continue in a wet state for any length of time. /. S. 



Pig. I • I'lant, on a very reduced scale. 2. Flowering portion :— nal. size. 



4SZZ. 




B-eeve, "B eiQiam Jb Heeye , im£. 



Tab. 4522. 

LUVUNGA SCANDENS. 

Scandent Lumnga. 



Nat. Ord. Aurantiace^:. — Monadelphia Octandria. 

Gen. Char. Luvunga, Hamilton. — Calyx monophyllus, brevi-cylindraceus, 
truncatus, obscure 4-lobus. Fetala 4, oblonga, carnosa, demum patenti-recurva. 
Filamenta 8, in tubum cylindraceum elongatum |- unitum. Anthera lineares, 
incumbentes. Germen ovato-conicum, in receptaculum carnosum situm, 3-locu- 
lare ; ovulis 2 in quoque loculo erectis axi iusertis. Stylus cylindraceus. Stigma 
integrum, subglobosum. Bacca oblonga, subtriloba, 3-locularis, pulposa ; pulpa 
resinosa odorifera. Semen sohtarium, ovale, subaeutura, integumento simplici 
viridescenti-venoso indutum. Perispermum 0. Embryo semini couforrais, in- 
versus. Cotyledones oblonga?, virides, carnosae. Plumula biloba : radicula ovata, 
supera. Roxb. 



Luvunga scandens ; armata elata subscandens, foliis trifoliolatis foliolis lanceo- 

lato-acuminatis, floribus axillaribus fasciculatis. 
Luvunga scandens. Ham. in Wight, III. Ind. Bot. v. 1. p. 138. Walp. Repert. 

Bot. v. 1. p. 382. 
Limonia scandens. Roxb. Ft. Ind. v. 2. p. 380. 



A delicately fragrant plant of the Orange family, native of 
Silhet and Chittagong, first described by Dr. Roxburgh as a 
Limonia, though that accurate botanist speaks with doubt of its 
belonging truly to that genus. Dr. Hamilton seems somewhere 
to have called" it Luvunga (from its Sanscrit name, " Luvunga- 
luta") ; and Dr. Wight has adopted that appellation, giving, as 
we have done, Roxburgh's excellent account of its fructification 
for the generic character. In cultivation, though attaining a 
height of nearly twenty feet, it hardly deserves to be called 
scandent. Spring is its time of flowering. We owe the posses- 
sion of it in our stoves to Dr. Wallich. 

Descr. A tall, lax-growing, but scarcely scandent shrub, with 
straggling branches, which are glabrous (as is every part of the 
plant), terete, bearing a rather long subulate decurved spine in 
the axil of the leaf. Leaves alternate, remote, 3-foliolate. 
Petitde two to three inches long. Leaflets five to six inches 
long, lanceolate, acuminate, entire, penninerved, pellucido-punc- 

■n'Lv 1st, 1850. 



tate. Flowers axillary, fasciculate, in a dense short raceme, 
much resembling those of the Orange, and not less fragrant. 
Calyx monophyllous, forming a short cylinder, four-lobed at the 
mouth. Petals white, fleshy, oblong, four times as long as the 
calyx, at length patent and even reflexed. Stamens eight, 
united into a white fleshy tube for nearly their whole length, 
the apices free, and bearing each a linear or oblong-acuminate 
yellow anther. Pistil as long as the stamens. Ovary seated on 
a fleshy torus. Style columnar. Stigma large, globose. W. J. H. 
Cult. Although this plant was introduced into the Royal 
Gardens in 1823, it never produced flowers till the present year ; 
which may be accounted for by its now being allowed greater 
freedom of growth in the Palm-house. The kind of soil is not 
important : any light loam suits it, so that it be not retentive 
of water. As, from its somewhat climbing habit, the plant re- 
quires support, it may be set against a pillar or wall of the stove. 
It is increased by cuttings, placed in sand under a bell-glass, 
with bottom heat. J". S. 



Pig. 1. Calyx, stamens, and pistil. 2. Pistil and torus -.—magnified. 



4-S23. 




-•I etlrtk. 



Iftvc UpAam it "Reeve, ucf 



Tab. 4523. 
ixora salicifolia. 

Willow-leaved Ixora. 



Nat. Ord. RubiacevE. — Tetrandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4325.) 



Ixora salicifolia ; foliis brevissime petiolatis elongato-lanceolatis tenui-acumina- 
tis glabris, corymbo amplo denso hemisphrerico, calycis laciniis ovatis acutis 
brevissimis, corollse (aurantiacse) tubo elongate- gracili, laciniis ovato-lanceo- 
latis acutis, staminibus brevibus, stylo vix exserto. 

Ixora salicifolia. Be Card. Prodr. v. 4. p. 487. 

Pavetta salicifolia. Blume, Bijdr. no. 951. 

/3. Floribus miuoribus puniceis. 



De Candolle, who, however, only knew this plant from a dried 
specimen communicated by Professor Blume, observes well of 
it, " Species insignis." The splendid specimens in a living state 
exhibited at the floral exhibitions of Chiswick, and those com- 
municated to us for representation in the present work, bear 
him out in this eulogium. Nothing can be more beautiful 
than the large flame-coloured corymbs of the flowers, or more 
graceful than the copious willow-shaped leaves, often more than 
a span in length. It is a native of the mountains of Java ; first 
noticed there and characterized by Blume, and introduced to 
Messrs. Veitch and Son's Nursery, by their collector, Mr. Thos. 
Lobb, from Mount Seribu in the same country. Two varieties 
are in cultivation with Messrs. Veitch : the one with the smallest 
flowers has them the most deeply coloured. Another Ixora is 
reported to be on sale in this country, quite different from this 
under the name of I. salicifolia, which may be the true plant of 
Blume. 

Descr. An erect, handsome-growing shrub, 2-3 feet high, with 
-ather closely-placed opposite leaves, which are borne on extremely 
short petioles, almost sessile, narrow-lanceolate, very much acumi- 
nated, often a span long, penninerved, entire, glabrous, dark shining 
green above, paler beneath. Stipules ovate, acuminate, often 

July 1st, 1850. 



r 



tinged with red. Corymb terminal, large, — when the flowers are 
fully expanded, forming a hemispherical head of deeply-coloured, 
aurantiaceous flowers, or in var. 0. almost crimson. The ovary 
is short, hemispherical, crowned with the four small, ovate, acute 
lobes of the calyx. Corolla with a very long, slender, almost 
filiform tube : the limb of four, ovate or lanceolate-ovate, hori- 
zontally spreading, acute lobes. Stamens small, inserted at the 
mouth of the tube. Style scarcely exserted. Stigma three-lobed. 
Cult. This showy Ixora, an abundant flowerer, even when 
only six inches high, requires a warm and moist stove, and a 
soil composed of about half loam and half peat, with a portion 
of sharp sand. In order to form a handsome plant, a young 
healthy one should be selected, and freely encouraged into quick 
growth by placing it in bottom-heat. As it increases in size it 
must be shifted into larger pots, which should be well drained, 
so that water and syringeing may be freely administered during 
the summer-season without the risk of the soil becoming satu- 
rated. It is increased by cuttings, which should be planted in 
sand under a bell-glass, and placed in bottom-heat. /. S. 



Fig. 1. Calyx and pistil : — magnified. 2. Flower of var. /3 : — natural size. 



4-521,.. 




Fit(i,aa. etHtlL . 



BervhaTtv kB-eere,™ 1 ! 



Tab. 4524. 
RHODODENDRON jasminiflorum. 

Jessamine-flowered Rhododendron. 



Nat. Ord. Ericaceae.— Dec andri a Monc-gynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tar. 4336.) 



pubescentibus. 



At the first, and truly splendid, Exhibition , of flowers at the 
Chiswick Gardens of the present year (T850), fc£ pW"s 
exeited greater attention amon* the ^"J***W£ 

favourite /ewMNM (some compared them to ^JW^ are 

±r*^f"=2aS3s££ 

at all! If the author of the paragraph had ^leta rert 
figure of « i ^*^-SS't!tf a: trmy alalve, 

abk eharaeter is the great length and ^ff^ feet having 
It is a native of Mount Oplnr, Malacca ; elev. 5000 feet ft g 
been there discovered by Mr Thomas Lobb, p »"™™ tt The 
the nursery of Messrs. Veitcl, I t "JT^ ^49 and still 
specimen here figured was drawn m Septombaro. ^ ^ 
finer flowering plants were shown at the may 

Chiswick, in 1850. Messrs Veitch, one foot 

Descr. A small shrub, as reared by Messrs. veiu. 



JULY 1st, 1850. 



and a half high, the branches bare of leaves below, and knotted 
where they had been inserted. Leaves crowded towards the 
upper part of the branches, lowermost ones subverticillate, on 
short petioles, obovato-oblong, rather acute, glabrous, nearly co- 
riaceous. Umbel terminal, many-flowered. Peduncles 1-flowered, 
short, with small reddish bracteas at the base, and, as well as 
the very small, shallow, obscurely 5-lobed calyx, lepidote. 
Corolla salver-shaped, white, slightly tinged with rose below 
the limb ; the tube two inches long, straight, scarcely gibbous 
at the base: the limb spreading, of five obovate wavy lobes, almost 
exactly equal. Stamens 10. Filaments filiform, downy, as long 
as the tube. Anthers red (forming a red eye, as seen at the 
mouth of the white corolla). Ovary oblong-cylindrical, lepidote, 
5-celled, glandular at the base. Style rather shorter than the 
stamens, liliform, downy. Stigma dilated, obtuse, green. 

Cult. Our only knowledge of this very distinct and singular 
species of Rhododendron is from having seen it exhibited during 
the past month at the London flower-shows. Judging from its 
habit and native locality, we infer that it will require to be treated 
as a warm greenhouse plant, and thrive in a sandy peat 
soil. /. S. 



Fig. 1. Stamen. 2. Calyx and pistil. 3. Calyx and transverse section of 
the ovary. 



4-6 2$. 




HeeYe,Beni.caa & Reeve 



Tab. 4525. 

CALCEOLARIA Pavonii. 

Pavons Slipperwort. 



Nat. Ord. Scropiiularine.e. — Diandria Monogynta. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4300.) 



Calceolaria Pavonii ; herbacea erecta elata undique yiscoso-villosa, petiolis 
late alatis subdentatis, lamina ovata acuta basi truncata v. cordata margine 
duplicato-dentata utrinque villosa subtus pallida v. canescente, panicula 
ampla, laciniis calycinis maximis acuminatis, cc-rollse labio superiore calyce 
breviore, inferiore maximo obovato-orbiculato basi brcviter contracto infra 
medium aperto, antherarum loculis oblougis. Benth. 

Calceolaria Pavonii. Benth. in Be Cand. Prodr. v. 10. p. 211. 

Calceolaria perfoliata. Ruiz et Pav. PI. Per. et Chil. v. I. p. 15. t. 21. /. a. 
(not Linn.) 



A rare and remarkably fine species of Slipperwort, figured 
by Ruiz and Pavon, as the C. perfoliata of Linnaeus, from 
the original plant detected by them at Chincao and Mufia in 
the Andes of Peru. By Mr. Mathews it was discovered at 
Chacapoyas. We are indebted for the specimen here repre- 
sented, as well as for a living plant, to Messrs. Lucombe, 
Pince, & Co., of the Exeter Nursery, who observe, that when 
bedded out in the summer it makes a very striking appearance, 
with its noble and rather deep yellow flowers and ample foliage. 
Like the Calceolarias in general, it produces a long succession of 
blossoms, which renders the plant so eminently suited to the 
flower-border. 

Descr. Boot perennial. Stem herbaceous, one and a half to 
two feet and more high, a good deal branched, herbaceous, suc- 
culent, terete or but slightly angled, copiously clothed with 
patent or slightly deflexed. hairs, green, sometimes tinged with 
purple and slightly viscose. Leaves rather large, often more 
than a span long, opposite and perfoliate with the very broadly 
winged base of the petiole j the blade ovate, acute or acuminate, 
often truncate or cordate at the base; the surface wrinkled with 

July 1st, 1850. 



copious veins, the margin, doubly toothed, often lobed to- 
wards the base, downy above, pale, almost white, and some- 
what woolly beneath ; the wing of the petiole, very broad at the 
base, is much toothed and foliaceous, and is decurrent, as it were, 
from the base of the blade of the leaf. Panicle ample. Flowers 
very large. Calyx of four deep, broadly ovate, acuminate, 
spreading, slightly dentate, hairy lobes, measuring two inches 
across. Corolla with upper lip inflexed, much shorter than the 
calyx ; lower lip almost orbicular, very large, folded against the 
upper lip, but not so much as to exclude from view the deep 
blood-coloured spots in the inside. 

Cult. This distinct species is of robust habit, and, like others 
of the genus, grows freely in the open border during the summer, 
but requires the protection of a pit or greenhouse during the 
winter. We have hardly yet had the opportunity of testing its 
merits as a bedding plant, but we fear its tall and rude growth 
may be somewhat against it for that purpose. Its handsome 
flowers make it well worthy of being grown as a show-plant for 
the greenhouse. It is readily increased by cuttings, which should 
be taken off about the end of the summer and placed under a 
hand-glass in a moderately warm place. /. S. 



4-526 




Rtch-lel 



Tab. 4526 
EUGENIA Brasiliensis. 

Brazilian Eugenia. 



Nat. Ord. Myrtace.*. — Icosandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calycis tubus subrotundus, Kmbu$ ad ovarium usque 4-partitua. 
Petala tot quot calvcis lobi. Stamina numerosa, libera. Ovarum 2-3-Iocului e ; 
locate pluriovulatk. Bacca subglobosa, calyce coronata , mature 1- ranus l- 
locularis. Semina 1-2, subrotunda, grossa. Embryo pseudo-monocotyledonous, 
cotyledonibus nempe crassissimis et omnino conferrununatis, radtcuto yix ac m 
vix distincta brevissima.— Arbores aid frutices, pkrajue ex msulis Canbtew Ml 
America calidiore orta. De Cand. 



Eugenia Brasiliensis ; foliis petiolatis oblougo-obovatis apice obtuse attenuate 
pellucido-punctatis glabris supra nitidis, floribus e gemnns sea rami , 
junioribus squamosis, pedunculis ex axilbs squamarum supenorum oppo Us 
solitariis unirloris, ealyce ebraeteato lobis 4 obovato-obb^s •**«•*» 
longioribus persisteutibus ciliatis, petalis 4 obovatis, iructu globoso-tetra- 
gono lam nitido, lobis calyciuis erectis accrescentibus corouato. 

Eugenia Brasiliensis. Lam. Bid. v. 3. p. 203. De Cand. Prodr. v. 3. p. 2C7. 
Cambess. in St. Sii. Fl. Brasil. Merid. v. &./.S54. t-li*. 

Myrtus Dombeyi. Spreng. Si/st. Veget. v. 2. p. 485. 



A handsome small tree, discovered by Dombey in Brazil, and 
since found by St. Hilaire and others in the province oi Rio de 
Janeiro, where, we are informed, it is also cultivated and vc 
fruit brought to market, and sold under the name of Grmu 
chama. It is handsome in its foliage and in its copious snowy 
flowers, which latter are remarkable for having their ong in upon 
the lower portions of young terminal branches, or, nvotner 
words, upon partially developed leaf-buds, springing from the 
axils of opposite scales below the leafy portion. In tl u s sfc 
the young leaves are deep purple-brown, contrasting prettily 
with y the & dark green of the old foliage and the purewlnte ot 
the blossoms, which are produced in April. 

Descu. A small tree with copious dark green foliage Zeam 
petiolate, three to four or even five inches long broa dlj obto ng- 
ovate, somewhat attenuated at the apex, but blunt at the point, 



august 1st, 1850. 



minutely pellucido-puuctate, dark and glossy above, paler be- 
neath. From the apex of the branches arise clusters of geminse, 
which develope into branches leafy at the extremity, the rest of 
the branch furnished with opposite, oblong, membranaceous, 
concave scales : from one or two of the uppermost pairs of these 
scales the peduncles appear, an inch and a half or two inches 
long, single-flowered. Calyx with the tube oval-globose, having 
a few opposite hairs at the base : limb of four large, spreading, 
obtuse, ciliated segments. Petals white, longer than the sepals, 
obovate. Stamens numerous. Style as long as the stamens. 
Fruit, according to St. Hilaire, as large as a cherry, white or 
red, or black violet-coloured, esculent. W. J. H. 

Cult. This species is an old inhabitant of the Royal Gardens. 
Having been kept for many years in a small pot it never pro- 
duced flowers ; but on being removed into the Palm-house, and 
shifted into a large pot, it grew vigorously, and in the spring of 
this year produced a profusion of flowers. It is now a handsome 
Laurel-like bush, six feet high. Light loam, mixed with a 
small quantity of leaf-mould, suits it ; and, as it is what may be 
termed a thirsty plant, it requires to be well supplied with water 
during the spring and summer months. It increases by cuttings 
placed under a bell-glass, and plunged in bottom-heat. /. S. 



Fig. 1. Calyx and ovary : — magnified. 



iSZy 




^wveBertutm-ft *■*" 



Tab. 4527. 

DENDROBIUM Kingianum. 

Captain Kings Dendrobium. 



Mat. Ord. ObchidEjE. — Gynandria Monandria. 
Ge*. Char. {Vide tupra, Tab. 4852.) 



Dendbobium Kingianum ; pseudo-bulbis ovatis in collum longum extensis apice 
bi- (quadri-) foliis, foliis ovalibus emarginatis, pedunculo terminali 2-3- 
(pluri-) floro.sepalis ovatis mento emarginato,petalis obovatis apiculatis duplo 
minoribus, labelli trilobi cuneati pubesccntis laciniis lateralibus acutis niter- 
media paulo longiore transverse rbombea, angulis lateralibus rotundatis 
apiculi acutis, axi elevata trilineata apice tridentata. Lindl. 

Dendrobium Kingianum. Bidwill,in Lindl. Bot. Beg. 1844. Misc. 18; et in 
Bot. Beg. v. 31. t 61. 



The Royal Gardens of Kew are indebted to our excellent 
friend Mr. Bidwill for specimens of this rare Dendrobium, which 
he detected in Australia, we presume in the interior, and which 
were sent to Europe in 1844. Dr. Lindley refers it to a group 
of Dendrobium, corresponding to the genus Desmotrichum ol 
Blume, especially characterized as having "root-shaped, jointed, 
bulbiferous stems," but which he does not consider to be pos- 
sessed of characters sufficient to constitute a genus. 

Descr. Pseudo-bulbs clustered, jointed, oblong attenuated 
upwards into a long stem-like neck, bearing two to four oblong 
subcoriaceous recurved leaves, eraarginate at the apex, from 
the centre of these leaves the peduncle arises, about as long as the 
pseudo-bulb and leaves, and bearing from three to six fowers 
in one specimen. Ovary clavate, peduncuhform below, bepato 
purple, ovate, the two lateral ones connate and decurrent with 
the base of the column into a long blunt or retuse spur, pale- 
coloured at the back, yellow at the apex. Petals much smaller 
than the sepals, of the same colour. Lip three-lobed, attenuated 
at the base and articulated on the apex of the spur, white 
streaked with purple and having three yellow lamna on the 



AUGUST I s1 ' 1 ', 1850. 



disc, side-lobes acute, terminal one nearly rhomboid, apiculate. 
Column short, white, very decurrent at the base. Anther-case 
hemispherical. W. J. H. 

Cult. This species of Dendrohmm is a native of New South 
Wales, beyond the tropic ; it does not, therefore, require the high 
degree of temperature necessary for the cultivation of the nume- 
rous species which are natives of tropical Asia. It is epiphytal 
on trees, and is subject to long droughts. It thrives if potted 
in turfy peat, well-drained, and kept in the cool division of the 
Orchideous house. /. 8. 



Fig. 1. Column and lip : — magnified. 



4-S2J 




T?itck lei et ML. 



a^BBiwt^^' 



Tab. 4528. 

HAKEA CUCULLATA. 

Cucullate-leaved Hakea. 



Nat. Ord. Pkoteace^e. — Tetrandkia Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. TeriantMum tetraphyllum, irregulare, foliolis secundis, apicibus 
cavis staminiferis. JntJierce immersre. Glandula hypogyna unica, dimidiata. 
Ovarium pedicellatum, dispermum. Stigma subobliquum, e basi ddatatum, mucro- 
natum. Folliculus unilocularis, ligneus, pseudo-bivalvis, loculo excentnco. Se- 
mina ala apicis nucleo longiore. Br. 

Hakea cucuUata ; erecta, ramis dense villosis, foliis cordatis sen reniformi-cor- 
datis auctis subrepandis denticulatis reticulato-venosis, capsubs ecalcaratis. 

Hakea cucuUata. Br. Prodr. Suppl. p. 30. Hook. Ie. PL t. 441. Meisn. hi 
Lelim. Plant. Preiss. v. 1. p. 260. et v. 2. p. 260. 



» 



Discovered by the late Mr. Baxter at King George's Sound, 
from whose specimens Mr. Brown described the species in the 
Supplement of his 'Prodromus/ and from whose specimens also 
the fio-ure in ' Icones Plantarum/ above quoted, was taken. At 
that °time only fruit-bearing plants were detected. Mr. 
Drummond has also found flowering individuals at the Swan 
River Settlement, and has sent seeds, from flowering plants of 
which our figure was taken at the Royal Gardens, in April 
1850 Professor Meisner confounded H. cuadlata with it m 
the 'Planta3 Preissiana? :'— probably its nearest affinity is the 
noble H. Victoria of Mr. Drummond's Journal given in a late 
volume of the ' London Journal of Botany, and of which there 
are living plants also at Kew. 

Descr. Our plants of this constitute erect shrubs, four to five 
feet high, the branches terete, pale brown very villous. Leaves 
coriaceous, slightly viUous only near the base below, cordate, or 
reniform-cordate, sessile, large, spreading, concave, more so in 
the upper leaves, repand and waved and rather minutely toothed 
at the margin, glaucous green, distinctly reticulated both above 
and below From the axils of the upper leaves the /^ap- 
pear in copious clusters : at first surrounded by imbricated deci- 
duous bracts. Pedicels clavate, hairy at the base. Perianth red, 
of four unequal linear sepals, glabrous, the apex of each spathu- 
late and bearing the anther in the hollow of the in enor Ovary 
linear. Style very Jong, twice as long as the longest aepak 
Stigma conical-acuminate. Fruit (represented in the Ico nes 
Plantarum' above quoted) clustered, about an in ch long, ovate 
acuminated, woody, splitting into two thick senuovate, woody 
ralccs, gibbous and unequal on the outside. W. J. a. 



AUGUST 1st, 1850. 



Cult. Before the introduction and high state of cultivation of 
the splendid flowering plants now annually exhibited in the 
vicinity of London, it was customary to estimate the value of 
public and private collections by the number and rarity of 
the species, without regard to the circumstance of their pro- 
ducing fine flowers. Perhaps no plants were in higher repute 
than those of the family to which this belongs, as is amply 
shown by the early volumes of the Botanical Magazine. 
Within the last twenty or thirty years, however, the cultivation 
of Profeacea has declined; the species have gradually dis- 
appeared from most of the private collectipns around London ; 
and but few nurserymen now take interest in them. This change 
may be partly owing to the supposed difficulty of preserving 
them, for under certain circumstances the plants suddenly die, 
even when in vigorous health. In the Royal Gardens Proteacea 
have maintained their place, more especially those that are 
natives of Australia ; and as there are some at this time between 
forty and fifty years of age, and others of a large size half that 
age, it may be inferred that Proteacea are not so short-lived in 
a state of cultivation as they are generally supposed to be. 
Within our recollection it was the common practice to grow 
them in some kind of light soil, usually peat. The hygrometric 
condition of such soil is easily affected by changes of the sur- 
rounding atmosphere ; becoming quickly dry during hot weather, 
and apt to become sodden with moisture in winter, and the 
spongioles or rootlets of Proteacea are very sensitive to either 
extreme ; the use of light soil, therefore, in our opinion, accounts 
for the frequent sudden death of plants of this kind. In the 
Botanical Magazine for 1836, at Tab. 3500, we have given our 
views on the cultivation of Protectee®. We use good yellow 
loam, to which, for small plants, we add a little sharp sand. In 
shitting or repotting a plant we make it a rule to keep the ball 
ot roots a little elevated above the surface of the new mould, to 
prevent any superabundance of water from lodging round the 
base of the stem. In the winter care must be taken to give no 
more water than is required to keep the soil moderately moist, 
but m summer water may be given freelv in the evening or 
early in the morning. It is important that the plants should be 
so placed that the sun's rays do not strike the sides of the pot. 
Ihe species here figured, being a native of the Swan River 
Colony, requires to be treated as a greenhouse plant. It does not 
readily propagate by cuttings, but may be increased by grafting 
on any of the more common free-growing species. Imported 
seeds germinate freely. J. 8. 

Fig. 1. Flower: — magnified. 




Pitch. <U. 



Frelenc Re. 



Tab. 4529. 

STYLIDIUM SAXIFRAGOIDES. 

Saxifrage-like Stylidium. 



Nat. Ord. Stylldie;e. — Gynandkia Diandria. 

Gen. Char. Calyx bilabiatus. Corolla irregularis, 5-fida, lacinia quinta (Mello) 
dissimili, rninore, deflexa (raro porrectaj, reliquis patentibus (raro geminntim 
cohirrentibus). Columna reclinata, duplici flexura : antheris bilobis, lobis diva- 
ricatissimis ; digmate obtuso iudiviso. Capsula bilocularis, dissepimento su- 
perne quandoque incompleto. Br. 



Stylidium saxifragoides ; dense csespitosum, foliis radicalibus rosulatis copio- 
sissimis linearibus acutis margine prsecipiie ciliato-scabris basi attenuatis 
apice piliferis, scapis glabris vix bracteatis, racemis floribusque breviter 
glanduloso-pilosis simplicibus, corollis luteis labello tuberculato. 

Stylidium saxifragoides. Lindl. Swan River Bot. p. xxviii. Sonder in Lehm. 
Plant.Preiss.p.Sli. 

STYLIDIUM assimile. Benth. in Endl. Emm. PL Hugel. p. 72 (mm R. Br.), 
according to Sonder. 



This charming greenhouse plant, raised from seeds from the 
Swan River Settlement, was sent by Messrs. Veitch and Sons 
of Exeter to the May Exhibition of the Horticultural Society 
for 1850 under the name of S. ciliatum. That plant, however, 
faithfully represented in our Tab. 3883, is a very different, 
though nearly allied species, with the panicle compound, and, 
as well as the scaly scape, clothed with long patent hairs tipped 
with dark-coloured viscid glands, and with flowers not halt the 
size of the present one. Sonder describes this as having the 
labellum inappendiculate, and perhaps he alludes to another 
plant ; but the gland would probably escape his notice in the 

dried specimen. . 

Descr. Boot perennial, dividing at the crown so as to bear 
copious tufts of densely imbricated, spreading, rosulate, linear 
leaves, slightly incurved, yellow-green tinged with purple, tapering 
at the base, acute at the point, and there bearing a long hair or 
bristle ; the margins especially, ciliato-seabrous. Scapes one or 

august 1st, 1850. 



more from the centre of each rosule of leaves, a span or more 
high, almost entirely destitute of bracteas, and quite glabrous (ex- 
cept above), and there, and upon the pedicels and ovary, calyx and 
outside of the corolla, are copious, short, glandular hairs. Ra- 
ceme, in our specimens, entirely simple. Pedicels with two 
glandular, oblong, red bracteas above the middle. Ovary ob- 
long, green, crowned with the oblong red lobes of the calyx. 
Corolla large (for the size of the plant), yellow ; style strongly 
geniculated, red. W. J. H. 

Cult. This belongs to an extensive genus, comprising about 
one hundred described species, which, with two or three excep- 
tions, are all natives of New Holland and Van Diemen's Land, 
the greater number being found on the western extratropical 
coast of New Holland. As regards their habit and places of 
growth, they may be compared to species of several British 
genera, such as Statice, Jasione, Phyteuma, Plantayo, Samohis, 
and even Drosera. This species is a native of Swan River, and 
must be treated as a greenhouse plant; it requires no more 
artificial heat than is necessary to protect it from frost, and, like 
many other small plants, it will thrive best when kept in a cool 
pit or frame ; but care must be taken that it does not suffer 
from damp in winter. Light peat soil is found to suit it. /. 8. 



Fig. 1 and 2. Leaves. 3. Flower -.—magnified. 



4-S30. 







Tab. 4530. 

CAMPYLOBOTRYS discolor. 

Two-coloured Campylobotrys. 



Nat. Ord. Rubiace^e.— Tetkandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. (Trib. HEDYOTIDE.B.) Calycis tubus obovatus, cum ovario con- 
natus ; limbus 4-fidus, laciniis parvis linearibus obtusis erectis ; inter lacunas 
glandulre 2-3. Corolla supera hypocrateriformis ; tubus brevis cyhndraceus ; 
limbus 4-partitus, laciniis insequalibiis oblongis obtusis patentibus tubo longion- 
bus sestivatione erectis subimbricatis. Stamina 4, fauci inserta : filamerda bre- 
vissima : anthera lineares, exsertse. Ovarium tetragonum, carnosum, biloculare, 
disco epigyno carnoso operculiformi. Ovula in placentis carnosis, dissepimento 

utrinque inserta, numerosa, parva. Fructus — Suffrutex humihs (Brasili- 

ensis?) ramis oppositis approximatis teretibus pubescenhbus. Folia opposila, 
(cqvalia, ovata, plicato-penninervia, integerrima, sparsim pilosa, supra atro-virutia, 
pukherrime velutino-nitida, subtus pallide viridia, purpureo-rubro tincta vems 
prominentibus. Stipulse interpetiolares, e lata basi subulata, evaginata. 1 euun- 
culi solitarii, axillares, rubri. Flores racemosi, secundi; racemis circinatis ; p.-tii- 
cellis brevissimis, calycisque tubo viridibus, glabris, limbi Amtxh^ pilosis r,bm ; 
infra pedicellos glandulis bractealibus setisque lineatim transverse dispositis. bo- 
rollse subcartwsee, rubra. 



Campylobotrys discolor. 
Campylobotrys discolor. (Ilort. Paris.) 



Under the name here preserved we have received at the Ro^al 
Gardens of Kew, from the Paris Jardin des Plantes, the very 
beautiful plant now represented, accompanied by the mlorma- 
tion that it is a native of Bahia; while in a Belgian nursery 
catalogue it stands as a native of Mexico. We nowhere find 
such a name taken up by scientific botanists; and, on the other 
hand, we are unable to refer it satisfactorily to any pub hshed 
genus. It is treated as a stove-plant, and is remarkable tor 
the lurid green yet satiny surface or velvety gloss of the upper 
sid, of the 8 leaves, and the rich red-purple tints of the branches 
and under side of the foliage, and the still more P™ml 
red colour of the peduncles and flowers and teeth ot the 
calvx. We have never seen the fruit. W. J.n. 

Cult. We received this plant about six months ago, from the 



AUGUST 1st, 1850. 



Jardin des Plantes at Paris, and have no further knowledge re- 
specting it, except that it " came from Bahia." We have treated 
it as a stove plant, and find that it grows freely if potted in 
light peat-soil, with a little leaf-mould. The pot is plunged in 
a bed of moist Sphagnum sods, on a front shelf, where, with 
other coloured and variegated-leaved plants, it forms one of an 
interesting group. It produces lateral branches, which, taken 
off as cuttings, root readily when placed under a bell-glass and 
treated in the usual way. /. S. 



Fig.l. Flower. 2. Pistil. 3. Transverse section of the ovary. 



4-SS\ 




Frederic Heere.-tmf • 



Tab. 4531. 
HYPOCYRTA gracilis. 

Slender Hypocyrta. 



Nat. Ord. Gesnerace^e. — Didtnamia Angiospermia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx liber, profunde quinquepartitus. Corolla infera, tubulosa, 
basi postice gibba, tubo antice ventricoso, limbo quinquelobo aut quinquedentato 
subgequali. Stamina 4, didynaraa, cum quinti postici rudimcnto ex ima basi tubi. 
Antheree per paria colucrentes. Annnlus hypogynus et glandula postiea. Bacca 
globosa, succosa (colorata), unilocularis, seminibus pluribus in placentis duabus 
parietalibus bilobis. Marl. 



Hypocyrta gracilis; ramis inordinatim adscendentibus passim radicantibus 
laxis, epidermide nitida, foliis breviter petiolatis ovatis acutis margins 
passim subundulato-denticulatis, pedunculis axillaribus solitariis aut geminn, 
corollis subcampamdato-tubulosis, lobis rotundatis patentibus. Mart. 

Hypocyrta gracilis. Mart. Nov. Gen. et Sp. Plant. Brazil, v. 3. p. 50. t. 219. 



A very pretty creeping Gesneraceous stove-plant, imported 
from the Organ Mountains, Brazil, by Messrs. Backhouse of the 
York Nursery, and obligingly sent by them in April 1850. 
There can be little doubt of the plant being identical with the 
Hypocyrla described and figured by Dr. von Martius, I.e., though 
his figure, made probably from dried specimens shrunk in the 
act of drying, gives the appearance of a more slender plant than 
ours is : — even ours has a much less robust habit than the other 
species of Hypocyrta described by Von Martius. That author 
constitutes two divisions of his five species : the one " Codo- 
nanthe, corollse tubo subcampanulato inque latere antico parum 
ventricosiore, limbo latiusculo," and " Oncoyasfra, tubo deorsum 
valde gibboso-ventricoso, limbo breviter dentato erecto." Our 
plant belongs to the first section. 

Descr. Plant minutely pubescent, evidently procumbent and 
creeping, although, as Martius describes it, sometimes bearing 
ascending shoots. Stem branched, terete, purplish-brown, 
rooting from below the insertion of the leaves. Leaves on short 
petioles, opposite, thick, fleshy, ovate, subacute, dark green and 
august 1st, 1850. 



slightly concave above, pale and often blotched with red and 
convex beneath. Mowers on short red peduncles, solitary or in 
pairs, single-flowered. Calyx of five, deep, linear-lanceolate 
segments, red at the base. Corolla moderately large, cream- 
white, spotted with orange on the underside of the tube within, 
campanulate-infundibuliform : tube decurved, and again curved 
upward at the mouth ; limb of five, nearly equal, rounded seg- 
ments. Stamens shorter than the tube. Anthers united in 
pairs. Ovary ovate, hairy, with a large gland at the base of the 
back. Style shorter than the stamens : stigma obtuse. W. J. H. 
Cult. A soft-wooded suffruticose plant, of a trailing scandent 
habit, emitting roots from below the axils of the leaves, and 
growing as an epiphyte on trees in the moist forests of Tropical 
America. It should be kept in such an atmosphere as that 
appropriate for the cultivation of tropical Orchids, and, if there 
is sufficient accommodation, it may be allowed to grow in a 
natural manner over any elevated surface, covered with turfy 
sods, kept moist ; or may be planted in a pot or basket filled 
with loose turfy soil and suspended from the roof. /. 8. 



Pig. 1. Stamen. 2. Pistil and hypogynous gland : — magnified. 



4-5 3 Z. 




Ere Aerie 



Tab. 4532. 
BOLBOPHYLLUM Lobbii. 

Mr. Lobb's BolbopJiyllum. 



Nat. Ord. OKCHIDEiB. — Gynandria Monandria. 
Gen. Char. (Fide supra, Tab. 4166.) 



Bolbophyllum Lobbii; folio petiolato obovato-oblongo coriaceo, pedunculo 
nudo unifloro folio breviore basi subglanduloso e bracteis squamgeformibus 
cucullatis faleatis subglandulosis erumpente, sepalis oblongis acutis laterabbus 
falcatis, petalis conformibus minoribus reflexis, labello longe unguiculato 
cordato ovato acuto canaliculato apice recurvo. Lindl. 

Bolbophyllum Lobbii. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. 1847, under t. 29. 



One of the many fine things sent from Java to Messrs. Veitch 
of Exeter, by their collector, Mr. Thomas Lobb. " How fine 
a plant of its kind this is/' says Dr. Lindley, in the Bot. Reg. 
L c, " may be surmised, by its having been taken for a C&logyne : 
the flowers are full four inches across, yellow, shaded with 
cinnamon, spotted with light brown, and speckled outside with 
brown-purple : — we know of no species of the genus comparable 
to it for beauty." Our drawing was made from the plant of 
Messrs. Veitch, after it had gratified the public at the May 
Exhibition of the Chiswick Gardens for 1850. 

Descr. Pseudo-bulbs ovate, smooth, green, nearly as large 
as a pigeon's egg, partially sheathed with a ragged membrane, 
and springing from a scaly creeping caudex, terminated by an 
oblong petiolated coriaceous solitary leaf. Scape arising one 
from the side of each pseudo-bulb, yellowish, spotted with 
brown, shorter than the leaf, its base sheathed with imbricated, 
convex, spotted scales. Flowers large, solitary, spreading. 
Sepals lanceolate, acuminated, deep yellow, the upper one 
externally marked with purple spots running in lines; the 
lateral ones falcate, streaked and clouded with purple. Petals 
resembling the upper sepal, but smaller and streaked with 
purple lines, reflexo-patent. Lip cordato-ovate, acuminate, 
reflexed, vellow, with minute orange dots. Column short, broad 
upwards, deep yellow, sprinkled with orange. JntAer-case 
hemisphserical. W. J. II. 

SEPTXHBEB 1ST, 1850. 



Cult. This, like the rest of the numerous species of Bolbo- 
ph/llum, is a tropical epiphyte, and requires to be kept in the 
warm division of the Orchid-house. It grows and flowers 
freely on a block of wood, suspended from the roof of the 
house, and having a piece of Sphagnum-moss attached. In 
winter an excess of moisture, either in the atmosphere of the 
house or in the moss or block of wood, is prejudicial; 
and in summer the plant must be shaded from the mid- 
day sun. 



Fig. 1. Column and lip. 2. Pollen-masses :— magnified. 



4-533 







Tab. 4533. 

MEDINILLA magnifica. 

Magnificent Medinilla. 



Nat. Ord. Melastomace^e. — Decandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 4321.) 



Medinilla magnifica (§ Sarcoplacuntia) ; glabra, ramis corapressis tetrapteris ad 
nodos setosis, foliis amplis oppositis coriaceis glabris sessilibus obovato- 
oblongis cordatis subamplexicaulibus cuspid atis infra medium tripliuerviis 
pone basin pinnato-costatis, paniculis terminalibus oblongis pendulis, ramis 
verticillatis, bracteis maximis corollatis quaternatis multinerviis deciduis, 
floribus decandris. Lindl. et Paxt. 

Medinilla magnifica. Lindl. et Paxt. PI. Gard. v. 1. t. 12. 

Medinilla bracteata. Hort. Veitch, (non Blume.) 



This fine plant, truly deserving the name of magnifica, when 
first exhibited by Messrs. Veitch at the early spring meeting of 
the Horticultural Society (where a large medal was awarded to 
it), bore the name of M. bracteata, given to it probably by 
Mr. Veitch, or by his collector Mr. Thomas Lobb, under an 
impression that it would prove to be the plant so named of 
Java, by Blume, who afterwards, however, referred that plant to 
a new genus, Bactyliote. A slight comparison, however, with 
the description may show that it has nothing to do with that 
plant, and it is by mistake that it is stated by Lindley and 
Paxton to be a native of Java at all. The present species was 
detected at Manilla, and sent thence to Messrs. Veitch's nursery, 
and proves to be one of the most showy and ornamental plants 
that has ever been imported. We thought highly of Medinilla 
speciosa (vide supra, Tab. 4321) ; but the leaves arc here much 
finer (a foot long), the panicle a foot and a half long, the flowers 
far more numerous, and the noble and delicately-coloured bracts 
add greatly to the charms of the shrub. Its most beautiful 
state is, perhaps, before the full perfection of the flowers, when 
the large imbricated bracts begin to separate, and allow the bnds 
to be partially seen. As the expansion of the blossoms advances, 
the upper bracts fall off', but the lower ones remain and become 

SEPTEMBER 1ST, 1850. 



reflexed. It is a stove-plant, and Messrs. Veitch describe it as 
of easy culture, loving moisture when in a state of growth, and 
flowering copiously when only two or three feet high. 

Descr. Evergreen, erect (may it not eventually become 
scandent?), everywhere glabrous, with branches compressed 
and four-winged, bearing tufts of bristles at the joints. Leaves 
very large, opposite, coriaceous, broadly oblong, cordate and 
semiamplexicaul at the base, triple-nerved below the middle, 
and the rest penninerved, dark green above, pale beneath. 
Panicle large, terminal, eighteen inches and more long, when in 
bud the whole clothed with densely imbricated, large, rose- 
coloured bracteas : these latter are gradually deciduous, the 
lower and larger ones remaining and becoming reflexed ; the 
lowermost tinged with green. Branches of the panicle whorled, 
much divided. Flowers very abundant, deep rose-colour, in 
form and structure almost exactly resembling those of M. spe- 
ciosa, already referred to. W. J. H. 

Cult. This singular plant, being a native of the Philippines, 
requires to be treated as a stove-plant. It grows and flowers 
freely if planted in a mixture of loam and peat. The pots 
must be well drained, so as to allow water to be liberally given 
during the season of growth, without the risk of the soil 
becoming sodden; it should also be frequently syringed. It 
is readily increased by cuttings placed under a bell-glass, and 
plunged in bottom heat. /. S. 



Fig. 1. Stamen. 2. Pistil and calyx -.—magnified. 



4-D34-. 




Bitch, ail ethth. 



F. Reeve, imp- 



Tab. 4534. 

PORTLANDIA platantha. 
Broad-fiowered Portlandia. 

Nat. Ord. Rubiace/e.— Pentanbria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calycis tubus obovatus, 5-nervius, limbus 5-partitus, lobis oblongis 
foliaceis magnis. Corolla magna, infundibnlifovmis, tubo brevi, f«u» ampta 
obconiea, limbo obtuse B-lobo. to*K« 5, imaa fauci mserta ; *»0«* longav enu- 
exsert^. %>m indivisum. Gzj»«fe obovata ant snboblonga noma J****, 
apice coronatf, retusa, bilocnlaris, valvis apice debscentibus. Pl ^ c ?'^ 
centrales. &»*«« plurima, elliptica, compressiuscula, punctis elevati s sc, aD« . 
Arbuaculffl Americans ,**». Folia breve petiolata mttda. Stipote tote, M» 
l«fen». Pedunculi atiftzr*, breves, 1-3-Jlori- Stores •** «"**• ^ C ^' 



basi breviter attenuate, staminibus mclusis, stigmate piofirade bipartite. 

From the rich collection of Messrs. Lucombe Pince and Co., 
Exeter Nursery, who received it, and "^Jj^^^L 1 ? 
stove, under the name of « Portlandia grandma, ^° ™™* •, 
hot thfiv verv iustlv remark to me, that both in its oliage and 
in th Lwm if differs considerably from that specks as may 
be at once seen by comparing our F^p^tSlSt' 
P. grandifiora, given at Tab. 286 of the ,' Botauwl Maga m 
« It flowers," say Messrs. Lucombeand Pmce, «m »^*™ 
state, and is almost always in blossom/' an observation confirmed 
by the continual flowering, during the ^ »^W^ 
small plant not more than a foot and a half ^£*5g££ 
so good as to send to the Royal Gardens, and from which 
figure was taken in July 1850. . ,» , • . 

Descu. Our plant is a low ,irui, a foo '™^)™3' 
ereet, branched, glabrous. J***, oppos.te ne a y se s * 
ellipt cal-obovate, acute, evergreen, "*«Sl«was3 
green, everywhere entire, penninerved. 8 <F* ihw dly f 
angular, obLe. P««^ very short jg* *f& ££ 
opposite. Ovary elongated, 4-angled, 2-cellcd , c a* . 

ovolcs. Z»«5 of the calyx of four spreading, leafy, lanceolate 



SEPTEMBER 1ST, 1850. 



lobes. Corolla white, not more than half the length of that of 
P. grandiflora, broadly infundibuliform, approaching to cam- 
panulate, 5-ribbed, the base as much contracted, part of the tube- 
very short. Limb of five spreading ovate lobes, their margins 
revolute. Stamen and style included. Filaments downy in their 
lower half. Anthers linear. Stigma deeply bipartite ; the 
branches linear. W. J. H. 

Cult. A tropical shrub, with fine glossy leaves and showy 
white flowers, which latter are produced on plants when not 
more than two feet in height. It is, therefore, worthy of a 
place in every collection of woody stove-plants. It grows freely 
in a mixture of loam and leaf-mould or peat soil. It must be 
kept in a moist tropical stove, the necessary precautions of 
watering and shading during clear summer sunshine being 
carefully attended to. It is propagated by cuttings placed 
under a bell-glass, and plunged in moist bottom-heat. /. S. 



Fig. 1. Stamen. 2. Pistil. Fig. 3. Ovary cut through transversely : — magnified. 



4- J 35. 




P.Heeve.iffl-E 



Tab. 4535. 
NYMPHiEA MICRANTHA. 

Small-flowered proliferous Water-Lihj. 



Nat. Ord. Nymph,eace;e.— Polyandria Monogyma. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4257.) 



Nymphjba micrantha; foliis parvis rotundatia «**^P*5 jjgSE 

petiolatis, petiolis longissimis gracilibus, lobwdivancatisarami at 3 Bubtus 
n.besceutibusviolaceo^punctatis superne g abns paUide vm J .^bte 
srcpius bulbiferis, stigmatibus 15 subseaailibus racbatis. GWZm. rf 1 erott. 

Ntmphjsa micrantha. GWBm. d P«v«- Jl ««f- "^ 16 " Wd + ReperL 
Bot. v. I. p. '107. 



The very pretty Water-Lily, here represented, ~£*|* 
communicated from the Tropical Aquarium of B. S » v f£; ™*' 
the successful cultivator «**£% ££S g*£t£ 

Lancashire, in August 18»0. It was receiywi j 
Chataworth, but it appears to have been impo te< 1 j Lord 
Derbv from the River Gambia, to Knovvsley Gardens. 11 c 
lo g^cuZatcd points of the leaves, and then^»«* 
of L lobes, are its most striking «^i to^peS 
mportant particulars, as well as in some omei. , i 

agrees with a Senegambian ouc to which I have refered it v» 
the If. micrantha of Guillemin and Perottet " f doc » ^ 
coincide in all poiuts-such as the number of rtigmatic rajs 
it must be remembered that aquatic plants « WjgJ 
and we must not lay too much stress on differen s of that Ml. 
It is true the authors describe the flowers as bte or pale b Ine 
bnt uative authentic specimens m my nerbaiium appear 

elongated (influenced, probably, by the depth o wa tu ^ 

they have gro™)> ^ wit1 ' ml ""ft g '' 2'cnl ■« lv 
quite glabrous, elliptic, rotundate m -^nM^-JJ • c , 
LguLly toothed, the lower portion cut f J™ j^,,,,,, 
acuminated, moderately spreading lobes, at me 



SEPTEMBER 1ST, I860 



as it were from the top of the petiole, gemmae, or little bulbs, 
appear and develope themselves into young plants ! The under- 
side of the leaf is pale green, tinged with pale purplish-brown 
and minutely dotted. Flowers smaller than our common White 
Water-Lily, the size of JV. stellata. Calyx of four sepals, pale 
yellow-green, and the numerous white or whitish petals are lan- 
ceolate and very acute, not gradually passing into stamens, though 
the outer stamens are more petaloid than the inner ones. Stigma 
in our plant with eleven incurved obtuse yellow rays. W. J. II 
Cult. This Water-Lily, being a native of Western Africa, 
requires to be grown in a warm stove, and will thrive if treated 
in the way mentioned for Nymphaa ampla, at Tab. 4469. This 
species is remarkable from the circumstance of its producing 
a viviparous bud at the sinus of the leaf on the upper surface, 
which bud ultimately becomes a separate plant. J. 8. 



Fig. 1. Outer stamen. 2. Pistil -.—magnified. 



4-SSff. 







Tab. 4530. 

COCCOLOBA MACROPHYLLA. 

Large-leaved Sea-side Grape. 



Nat. Ord. Polygone^. — Octandria (V. Decandria) Trigynia. 

Gen. Char. Mores hermaphroditi. Perigonium subcoloratum, quinquepar- 
titum, subsequale, demum increscens. Stamina 8, perigonii laciniis exteriori- 
bus geminatim, interioribus singulatim, opposita, uno inter interiora contigua 
sito : filamenta subulata, basi cokaerentia; anthers; globoso-didymae, versatiles. 
Ovarium trigonum, basi cum perigonio connatum, uniloculare. Ovulum unicorn, 
basilare, orthotropum. Styli tres, distincti ; stigmatibus capitatis. Caryopsis 
triquetra, spongiosa, perigonio baccato tecta partimque connata. Semen trique- 
trum, erectum. Embryo in axi albuminis farinacei antitropus ; cotyledon ihus 
latiuscubs undulatis ; radicula supera. — Arbores Americana? tropica ; ramis 
vaginalis, foliis altemis sessilibus v. pedicellatis ochreis herbaceis oblique truncatis, 
racemis v. spicis oppositifoliis elongatis, bracteis ochreis con/ormibus. Endl. 



Coccoloba macrophylla ; subarborea elata erecta glabra Btricta, caule sub- 
simplici sulcato, foliis cordato-ovatis acutis amplis sessilibus scniiamplexi- 
caulibus reticulatim venosis bullato-rugosis ochreis magnis ioflatis 
vaginatis membranaceis demum fuscis, racemo denso spicato elongato 
simplici terminali, floribus copiosissimis (rubris), perianthiis 4-6-lobis, 
staminibus 8-12. 

Coccoloba macrantha, Besf. (Steud. Nomencl. Hot.) 



One of the most striking plants which has flowered in the 
great stove of the Royal Gardens during the year 1850, is that 
here represented, of which plants were long received from 
Paris, under the name of Coccoloba macrophylla of Desfontaines, 
a name which we can find nowhere published save in the two 
editions of Steudel's valuable Nomenclator ; but there its na- 
tive locality is marked as unknown. This is probably South 
America, where the maximum of the species are to be found. 
The name is far from appropriate, for the leaves yield greatly 
in size to the C. pubescens (Bot. Mag. t. 3166), the latter being 
three or four times the size of the present. Our plant, however, 
equals the pubescens in height (our largest plant being twenty- 
three feet high) : it tapers gracefully upwards, is leafy all the way 
up, and terminated at the top by a dense compact thick club- 
shaped raceme of flowers, of which the rachis, pedicels, and flowers 

SEPTEMBER 1ST, 1850. 



are of the richest scarlet. This raceme continued in great beauty 
for two months, and when looked down upon from the gallery 
above, backed as it was by dark-green foliage, it presented a 
beautiful object. The drawing was made in July. 

Descr. A subarboreous plant, with simple or scarcely divided, 
sulcated, erect stems, twenty to thirty feet high; leafy from 
below to the top. Leaves alternate, distant, dark green, a foot 
or more long, horizontally patent, cordato-ovate, semiamplexi- 
caul, sessile, acute or acuminate, strongly nerved, wrinkled and 
reticulated, subbullate. Baceme terminal, subsessile, erect, two 
or more feet long, the Jlowers so numerous and dense that they 
appear to form a compact cylindrical spike ; every part of a rich 
scarlet colour, save the stigmas, which are yellow. Pedicels 
in clusters. Perianth articulated on the pedicel ; tube funnel- 
shaped; limb cut into 4-6 rounded concave lobes. Stamens 
8-12, monadelphous below. Anthers cordate, subapiculate. Ovary 
oblong-rhomboid, triquetrous, red. Styles 3. Stiff mas capitate. 
Fruit baccate, red. W. J. H. 

Cult. The genera Coccoloba, Triplaris, and Podoptera are 
the tropical representatives of the Order Polygonea, and may 
be viewed as examples of the genera Rheum, Rumex, and 
Polygonum, taking the form of trees or shrubs. They are natives 
of the West Indies and tropical America, and often attain a 
considerable height. They generally have large entire coriaceous 
leaves, and bear spikes or racemes of flowers, succeeded by 
bunches of berry -like fruit, which, as many of the species inhabit 
the shores, have given rise to the English name, * sea-side grapes.' 
The present species appears to be a tall-growing tree : our plant 
is now ten feet high, and, with its broad stiff leaves and long 
erect spike of red flowers, has a very striking appearance. It 
requires to be kept in the stove, grows freely in light loam, 
and may be increased by cuttings treated in the usual way for 
tropical plants of like nature. J". 8. 



Pig. 1. Flower. 2. Pistil. 3. Young fruit :— magnified. 4. Reduced repre- 
sentation of an entire plant. (The rest of the natural size.) 



4-537, 



V 







Iitch,Iil. etlith. 




Freiark 



Tab. 4537. 
SPATHODEA l^vis. 

Smooth-leaved Spathodea. 



Nat. Ord. Bignoniace^e. — Didynamia Angiospermia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx spathaceus, junior clausus, dcmum hinc longitudinaliter 
fissus, indc dentatus seu integer. Corolla subinfundibuliformis, limbo 5-fido 
parum insequali. Stamina 4, didynama, cum 5° sterili. Anthem loculis dis- 
crete. Stigma bilamellatum. Capsula siliquaeformis, bilocularis, loculicido- 
dehiscens, ex septo suberoso aut coriaceo valvis contrario fere prima fronte 4- 
locularis. Semina suberosa, membranaceo-alata, septo applicata, nee in foveis 
immersa. — Arbores aid frutices tequinoctiales, scepe scandentes. Folia opposita, 
ranus alt mm, simplicia, conjugata, digitata aut impari-pinnata. Flores termi- 
nates, scepius paniculati. Be Cand. 



Spathodea lavis ; arborea glabra, foliis altemis impari-pinnatis 4-6-jugis supre- 
mis ternatim verticillatis, foliolis ovatis acuminatis insequilateris grossc 
serratis, racemis terminalibus corymbosis, calyce aj)presso corollisque ox- 
terne glandulosis, corollae infundibuliformis lobis intetpialibus rotaudatia 
crispatis. 

Spathodea laevis. Beam. Ft. d'Oivare et de Benin, v. 1. p. 48. t. 29. Be Cand. 
Prodr. v.9.p. 208. 



A very fine Bignoniaceous plant, our first knowledge of 
which was from Messrs. Lucombe, Pince, and Co., who sent a 
flowering specimen in June 1850, from a plant they imported 
from Sierra Leone. The same species has since flowered in the 
stove of the Royal Gardens of Kew, our plant having been raised 
from seed from the same country. Imperfect as are the figure 
and description of Spathodea lavis in Palisot de Beauvois above 
quoted, I am yet of opinion I am correct in referring it to that 
plant. If by the term "Isevis" applied to the species it is 
meant that there are no glands on the calyx or corolla, I may 
observe, that however obscure on the dried specimens (from 
which M. de Beauvois' drawing and character were derived), they 
are apparent enough on the living plant. 

Descr. Our plant of the Spathodea lavis is sixteen feet high ; 
but it flowers when much smaller with Messrs. Lucombe and 
Pince. Its stem is woody, but soft. The leaves are alternate, 
except those below the inflorescence, which are often ternately 

OCTOBEB 1st, 1850. 



whorled, all of them impari-pinnate, with from four to six pair 
of opposite, ovate, acuminate, coarsely serrated, glabrous, sessile 
leaflets. Panicle terminal, corymbose, with numerous large 
flowers. Calyx green, tipped with red, spathaceous, subcylin- 
drical, close-pressed to the tube of the calyx, split open more 
than half-way down on one side, striated, with several dark- 
coloured glands near the, base, irregularly toothed at the apex : 
teeth small, three to five. Corolla campanulato-infundibuliform, 
white, delicately spotted and streaked with rose ; tube widening 
upwards •. limb obscurely two-lipped ; upper lip of two rounded 
lobes ; lower of three similar ones, but larger and more spread- 
ing ; all slightly waved. Stamens four with rudiment of fifth. 
Style included. Anthers oval. Ovary cylindrical, narrow, arising 
from a five-lobed gland or disk. Style geniculated on the ovary. 
Stigma bilamellate. W. J. H. 

Cult. This is a tropical tree of robust growth, requiring the 
temperature of the stove, and growing freely in light loam. It 
is propagated by cuttings planted under a bell-glass in white 
sand, and plunged in bottom-heat. J. S. 



Fig. 1. Calyx and pistil. 2. Stamens. 3. Pistil and glandular disk:— 
magnified. 



4-S3&. 




Fxeleric B 



Tab. 4538. 

STYLIDIUM MUCRONIFOLIUM. 

Bristle-pointed Stylidium. 



Nat. Orel. Stylidie^. — Gynandria Diandria. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4529.) 



Stylidium (§ Nitrangium) mucronifolium ; caulibus brevibus inferne ramosis, 
foliis glabris lineari-subulatis setaceo-rnucronatis, scapis vel pedunculis 
terminalibus nudis superne paniculaque glanduloso-pilosis, corollis luteis 
aurantiaco-pictis, labello utrinque appendicular, ovario cylindraceo-elongato. 

Stylidium mucronifolium. Sond. in Plant. Preiss. v. 1. p. 383. 



Raised by Messrs. Lucombe and Pince, from Swan River seeds, 
and communicated to us by that firm under the name here 
adopted, and by which is doubtless intended the plant so called 
by Sonder, with which, however, it does not wholly agree, for 
neither is the labellum in our plant " inappendiculate," nor can 
the leaves be said to be "radical." The first character is, 
indeed, easily overlooked in the dried plant, from which Sonder 
was likely to have drawn up his description ; and with regard 
to the latter, tufted rosules of apparently radical leaves do in 
several Stj/lidia, elongate into real leafy stems or branches. 
/Wain the nearest natural allies of our plant are unquestionably 
S ciliatum, Lindl. (Bot. Mag. t. 3883), and S. saxifragoides, 
Lindl. (Bot. Mag. t, 4529) ; but Sonder has separated them by 
nearly thirty species ; the two just mentioned belonging to the 
section Tolypangium, Endl., our present plant to the § Aitran- 
gium, Endl.:— two groups only distinguishable by the more or 
less elongated ovary or capsule— assuredly a very artificial cha- 
racter. Our species is very pretty and produces its copious 
bright tufts of flowers in August. 

Descb. Boots wiry, brown. Stems in our plant tutted, two 
to three inches long, copiously leafy. Leaves glabrous, patent, 
linear-subulate, broader at the base, tipped at the point with a 
setaceous mucro. Pcdu»vle». rather than scapes, terminal, soli- 
tary on each branch, a span high, above, and the pedicels 

OCTOBER liST, I860. 



and calyx clothed with slender hairs tipped with glands, 
so delicate as to be scarcely visible to the naked eye. Panicle 
subrotund or oval, many-flowered, rather compact. Corolla 
rather bright yellow, with zigzag orange lines round the mouth. 
Ovary or capsule much elongated, slender, cylindrical. W. J. H. 
Cult. The present species of Stylidium, being analogous in habit 
to S. saxifragoides, figured at Tab. 4529, requires the same treat- 
ment as there mentioned. In summer these small weak plants 
should be placed in a situation where they may be maintained 
in a moderately moist state, without having daily recourse to 
the water-pot ; and in winter they should be placed in a dry 
airy place, taking care in damp weather that no water lodges 
amongst the fascicles of leaves, for when this happens the plant 
is liable to be destroyed. /. 8. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Front view of do. 3. Leaf:— -magnified. 



/ 



4-53$. 




-.Xwi.vaf' 



Tab. 4539. 
GORDONIA Javanica. 

Javanese Entire-leaved Gordonia. 



Nat. Ord. Ternstrcemiace.e. — Polyandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx persistens, nudus v. decidue bracteolatus, pentaphyllus, 
foliolis imbricatis, rotundatis, concavis, subzequalibus. Corolla petala 5, hypo- 
gyna, calycis foliolis alterna, basi subcoalita, obovata v. obcordata, sestivatione 
imbricata. Stamina plurima, bypogyna, pluriseriata, petalorum basibus adhae- 
rentia ; filamcnta filiformia, libera v. inferne in fasciculos quinque subcoalita, 
anthera? introrsa*, bilocularcs, oblonga?, basi v. supra basim affixse, erecta3 v. 
versatiles, longitudinaliter dehiscentes. Ovarium liberum, quadri-quinquelocu- 
lare. Ovula in loculis 3-5, angulo centrali biseriatim inserta, pendula. Stylus 
simplex, stigma quinquefidum. Capsula ovoidea v. subglobosa, quadri-quinque- 
locularis, loculicide quadri-quinquevalvis, valvis lignosis, medio septa interne 
columnar seminiferse abbreviate cohserentia gerentibus. Semina in loculis 2-4, 
compressa, biseriatim pendula, imbricata, superne in alam membranaceam, ob- 
longam, obtusam producta. Embryo exalbuminosus, rectus ; cotyledonibus ovatis, 
longitudinaliter plicatis ; radicula brevi, supera. — Frutices in America borealis et 
Asia tropica et subtropica alpibus indigent; foliis attends, breve petiolafis, roria- 
ceis, integerrimis v. crenatis ; pedunculis axillaribus, solitariis, unijloris. Endl. 



(Joedonia Javanica; foliis breviter petiolatis oblongo-lanceolatis acuminatis 
glabris integerrimis penninerviis, pedunculis solitariis axillaribus unifloris 
folio brevioribus sub calyccm bi-tri-deciduo-bracteato, bracteis spathulatis, 
calycis sepalis ovali-ellipticis concavis parce hirsutis, ovario hirsuto 5-locu- 
lari, stigmatis lobis rotundatis subfoliaceis, capsula pisiformi semi-5-valvi. 

(ioiinoNiA Javanica. Hort. Rol/ixon. 



Our Garden is indebted to Messrs. Rollison, of Tooting, for 
the plant of which a specimen is here figured ; and, not being 
able to discover any published species to which it can be re- 
ferred, we retain Messrs. Rollison's name. It was discovered 
by their collector in Java, probably in the mountains; and 
has much the general habit of Thea or Camellia, when its 
blossoms appear, in August and September. 

Descr. Our plant is about two feet high, branched, and 
generally glabrous. Branches terete. Leaves alternate, ellip- 
tical-lanceolate, coriaceous, evergreen, acuminated, entire, penni- 
nerved, below tapering into a short petiole. Peduncles solitary, 
axillary, single-flowered, from the base of most of the upper 

OCTOHER 1ST, 1850. 



leaves, and shorter than the leaves, erect, bearing two or three 
deciduous, spathulate, green bracteas below the calyx. Calyx 
of rive very concave, rotundato-elliptical, erect, slightly hairy 
sepals. Petals five, obovate, white, spreading, obliquely twisted. 
Stamens very numerous. Ovary globose, obscurely five-lobed, 
five-celled, hairy. Style columnar. Stigma peltate, of five, large, 
rounded, somewhat leafy, rays or lobes, the centre umbilicated. 
Fruit the size of a large garden-pea, globose, depressed at the 
top, half five-valved, woody. W. J. H. 

Cult. A neat evergreen tea-like shrub, a native of Java, 
which flowers freely when of small size. Not being aware of 
its locality, we have treated it as a stove plant ; but, judging 
from the nature of many of its allies, we may be right in 
presuming that it is from an elevated and temperate region, 
and if so, it would probably succeed in a warm greenhouse. It 
grows readily in loam and peat or leaf-mould, and is easily 
increased by cuttings. /. 8. 



Pig. 1. Calyx and pistil. 2. Pistil. 3. Section of the ovary : — magnified. 



4-54-0 







Trederic fteeve.iw?- 



Tab. 4540. 
PITCAIRNIA Jacksoni. 

Mr. Jackson s Pitcairnia. 



Nat. Ord. BromeliacejE.— Hexandria Monogyma. 
Gen. Char. (Fide supra, Tab. 4241.) 



VvvcAUiXix Jacksoni; foliia subulato-ensiformibus cannatis subtus albo-turfu- 
raceis supra medium spinoso-serratis, scapo simplici, pedioelhs pateutibus 
calycibusque farinosis, sepalis obtusis, corolla? curvatse petalis lniean- 
oblongis subtortis longitudine stamiuum intus squamosis squama bifida 
serrata, stigmatibus ciliatis. 



This very handsome Pitcairnia was flowered by Mr. Jackson, 
the eminent nurseryman of Kingston, Surrey, who imported it 
in a very young state, among tufts of Orchideous plants from 
Guatemala. Its nearest affinity is probably with iV bromeluB- 
folia (Bot. Mag. t. 824, where the differences will be at once 
apparent) and equally belongs to the division "petalis basi 
squama instructis." Among them we find no species with 
which this accords, and hence we name it in compliment to 
Mr. Jackson. It is, as may be presumed, a stove-plant, and 
flowers in the summer months, making a striking appearance 
with its copious large scarlet flowers. 

Descr. Root of many tufted fibres. Plant throwing up 
many suckers from the base. Leaves a foot and more long, 
subulato-ensiform, striated, attenuated above and below, upper 
half only spinuloso-serrated, the rest entire, above dark green 
and naked, below clothed with a whitish floccose or pulverulent 
substance. Scape leafy below, pulverulent, bearing an erect 
raceme of handsome scarlet flowers. Pedicels bracteated, stand- 
ing out almost horizontally and, as well as the calyx, pulverulent 
(Mm of three, imbricated, erect sepals, about three-quarters oi 
an inch long, red with a yellowish margin. CoroUa scarlet 
nearly three inches long, curved. P^Mmear-oblong not at 
all spreading, slightly spirally twisted : near the base wiUnnis a 
conspicuous, membranous, two-lobed scale, the lobes s lightly 
serrated. Stamens as long as the petals. Ovary glabrous, 

OCTOBER 1st, 1850. 



oblong-ovate: style rather longer than the stamens: stigmas 
three, ciliated. W. J. H. 

Cult. Tropical America and the West Indian islands are the 
native places of the genus Pitcairnia. They generally inhabit 
dry places, where there is little or no soil. " They increase by 
suckers, and ultimately become dense casspitose tufts, sometimes 
found growing on trees. They appear able to bear a great 
degree of heat and drought, but in a state of cultivation they 
improve in appearance by allowing them a due share of moisture. 
This pretty species has flowered in the Orchid-house, under the 
influence of a moist and warm atmosphere, in which it appears 
to thrive. A soil composed of light loam and peat suits it. It 
is increased by taking off the young suckers, which root freely 
without the aid of a bell-glass. /. 8. 



Fig. 1. Pistil. 2. Base of a petal -.—magnified. 



4-S4-1. 




Tab. 4541. 
CALANTHE Masuca. 

Purple-flowered Calanthe. 



Nat. Ord. Orchide^e. — G-ynandria Monandria. 

Gen. Char. Perianthium explanatum, liberum, v. sepalis lateralibus labdlo 
paullulum adnatis, subacquale. Labellum cum colurana connatum, lobatum v. 
integrum, calcaratum v. muticum, disco lamellatum v. tuberculatum. OoUmma 
brevis, rostello sEepius rostrato. Pottinia 8, basi valde attenuata, quaternatim 
glandules bipartibili adha:rentia.— Terrestres : scapis erecti* midtifloris. Folia 
lata, plicata. Mores albi, ant lilacini, raro lutei. Lindl. 



Calanthe Masuca; scapo erecto, foliis latis oblongis petiolatis acuminate 
longiore, racemis multifloris, labello tripartito basi tuberculis seriatis 5- 
cristato, seriebus intermediis elevatioribus, laciniis lateralibus lmearibus 
subfalcatis intermedia cuneata emarginata in unguem linearem lacunis 
lateralibus ffiqnalem angustata, calcare longissimo falcate clavato, columns 
brevi obliqua antice bifoveata, ovario pubescente. Lindl. 

Calanthe Masuca. Lindl. Gen, et Sp. Orchid, p. 249. Bot. Beg. 1842. Misc. 
p. 51. n. 51. 

Bletia Masuca. Bon, Prodr. 

Amblyoglottis veratrifolia. Blumc, Bijdr. p. 870 ? 



Native of India ;— according to Dr. Lindley, of " Nepal, Ben- 
gal, Ceylon, and probably Java." It blossomed in 1842 with 
Messrs. Rollisons, at Tooting, but, though a handsome and 
reallv striking plant, it had never been figured. Our tine 
tuft of the plant at Kew, which blossomed m July and August, 
was derived from Mr. Clowes' collections. 

Descr. Terrestrial. Leaves large, herbaceous, oblong-lanceo- 
late, tapering below, acuminated at the apex, plaited and striated. 
Scape erect, a foot and a half high, generally shorter than the 
leaves, terete, glabrous, terminated, by a many-flowered raceme 
with handsome purple flowers. Bracteas large, subulato-lan- 
ceolate, membranaceous: the upper ones coloured. »3f? 
and petals similar, oblong, acuminate, spreading. Up tri- 
partite, deep purple: lateral lobes Unear-oblong, subfalcate, 
intermediate one broadly subcuneate : the base ot the Jlf toelow 
extends into a very long narrow ymr, furrowed on one side and 

OCTOBBB 1st, 1850. 



bifid at the point : the base of the lip above on the disc bears a 
five-crested tubercle, the crests transversely furrowed. Column 
very short. Anther sunk into a deep hollow of the column. 
Pollen-masses eight, in two rows, much attenuated at the 
base. W.J.H. 

Cult. This, being an East Indian terrestrial Orchid, requires 
to be grown in a moist tropical stove. It thrives in turfy peat 
containing a small portion of loam. On account of its soft fleshy 
roots adhering to the sides of the pot, it is desirable to use a 
shallow wide-mouthed pot, in order to avoid tearing the roots by 
frequent shiftings. In summer it may be freely watered, but 
the pot must be well drained, so as to allow the water to pass 
ofT freely. Shading is necessary during bright sunshine. In 
winter it should be placed in a drier atmosphere, and especial 
care must be taken that no water be allowed to lodge in the 
folds of the young leaves. /. 8. 



Fig. 1. Column, lip, and spur. 2. Column and base of lip. 3. Pollen- 
masses. 



4-S4-Z. 




iitcl. tUl rt iith 






Tab. 4542. 
OPUNTIA Salmiana. 

Prince de Salms Opuntia. 



Nat. Ord. Cactace^.— Icosandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Perigonii tubus ultra germen non productus ; phylla sepaloidea 
subulata, petaloidea dilatata, rosaceo-expansa. Stamina numerosa, bbera ettusa, 
limbo breviora. Stylus stamina vix superans, cylindraceus, superne fistulous, 
inferne obclavatim incrassatus. Stigma 5-7-radiatum, radns crassis, erectis. 
Bacca late umbilicata, pulposa, carnosa vel corticosa, pynformis vel ovoidea, 
tuberculata.— Plant w carnosa ; caule tereti, cequali, ramoso, out arhculato j arti- 
culis globosis, cylindroma vel plank, spiraliter tuberculahs. lubarcula/ofcoto 
subulato, deciduo, in axilla puhilligero, instructa. Pulvilb aculeis bifornubus se- 
taceis scilicet et rigidis, interdum epidermide secedente tumcatis amah. wores 
per aliquot dies aperti,flavidi, genitalibus limbo brevionbus. Salm-Dyk. 



Opuntia Salmiana ; erecta, ramosa, cinereo-lseteviridis, ramis cylmdraceis etu- 
berculatis, areolis subconfertis tomentosis albidis, semonbus P*™"™ 
globosis infcrne aculeis 3-4 setaceis minutis rufescentibus instruct* (F eiii) 
floribus versus apices ramorum glomeratis, ovano turbinate- esquamato 
nunc prolifero, petalis obovato-lanceolatis sulphureis roseo tinctis. 

Opuntia Salmiana. Parment.inPfeif. Enum. p.m. Salm-Dyk, Cactee, p.lQ. 



This pretty and verv distinct Opuntia is said to be a native of 
Brazil. Our collection is indebted for the possession ot it to the 
Royal Gardens of Herenhaussen. It blossoms freely, and the 
ordinary-looking stems and branches are ornamented by the 
variegated red and yellow and rather copious flowers m Sep- 
tember and October. In the generic character we fol o* 
that given by the venerable Prince de Salm-Dyk m his recently- 
published volume entitled " Cactea3," a work which ought to be 
in the hands of every cultivator of this curious tribe °* P ten »- 

Descr. Plant small, one to two feet high, erect, branched 
branches erecto-patent, cylindrical, rather of an ^f Ge \ c ^ 
destitute of tubercles, obtuse at the apex. A ^ *** ered, 
forming white downy tufts of wool, bearing ^ ^ e #t unequal, 
brown? small aadci, the largest less than half an inch long. 
Flowers moderately sized, clustered at the APf/fj** 1 ^ 
Ovary obovate, not scaly but areolated and bearing amlei 
like the branches, and, what is remarkable, after the floral 



OCTOBER 1st, 1850. 



coverings have fallen away, often producing young plants, — proli- 
ferous. Sepals and petals undistinguishable, or, in other words, 
the former gradually pass into the latter. In bud the flower is 
red, when fully expanded the ground-colour is sulphur-yellow, 
streaked with red and rose-colour in the centre : the petals are 
obovate, and the spread of the flower about two inches. Stamens 
not numerous, yellow. Rays of the stigma five or six, yellow- 
green. W. J. H. 

Cult. This slender straggling species grows and flowers freely 
if potted in light loam and leaf-mould, and placed under the 
full influence of the sun in summer. It should be frequently 
syringed in the mornings or evenings, during hot dry weather, 
but care must be taken that all superabundant water passes off 
freely, and that the soil does not remain long in a saturated 
state. In winter water must be given very sparingly, and the 
temperature of the house during the night need not at any 
time exceed 55°. It readily increases either by cuttings or by 
seeds, as also by gemmse produced on each areole of the fruit, 
which ultimately form separate and distinct plants. /. S. 



4-S 4-3. 







Tab. 4543. 

PIMELEA MACROCEPHALA. 

Large-headed Pimelea. 



Nat. Ord. Thymele.e. — Diandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Mores hcrmaphroditi v. dioici. Perigonium coloratum, iufuudibu- 
liforme, limbo quadrifido, fame esquamata. Stamina 2, fauci inserta, perigonii 
laciniis exterioribus opposita, exserta. Squamula liypogynae null*. Ovarium 
uniloculare. Ovulum unicum, pendulum, anatropum. Stylus lateralis ; stigma 
capitatum. Nux monosperma, corticata, raro baccata. Semen inversum. Albu- 
men parcum, carnosum. Embryo orthotropus ; cotijledonibus plano-convexis, 
carnosulis ; radicula brevi, supera.— "Frutices Nova Hollandia mtuUtpte conter- 
minis proveniences ; foliis oppositis v. rarissime altemis, lloribus eapUatis termitia- 
Uhiis, foliis iuvolucrantibus, rameis simiUbus v. dissimilibttx, mtertkm conmtis, 
rarius spicatis v. axillaribus, perigonii tubo stepissime medio articulalo, articulr. 
infer lore persistente. Endl. 



Pimelea macrocephala ; glabra, ramis erectis subrobustis, foliis oppositis sub- 
secundis lato-lanceolatis acutis subcoriaceis obscure penmnerviis glaucis, 
involucralibus 4-6 latioribus capitulis multifloris brevionbus, ovario (com 
basi adhserente pcriantbii) hirsute supeme truncate, perianthii tabo elon- 
gato gracili pubescente supra ovarium articulate deciduo, bmbi biennis 
oblongis obtusis ciliatis, stylo sublonge exserto. 



One of the many good Swan River plants raised by Messrs 
Luconibe, Pince, and Co., Exeter Nursery, from seeds received 
from Mr. Drummond. It is new to Dr. Meisner, as he recently 
informed us, and has no place in the « Plants Preissianae. per- 
haps its nearest affinity is with P. tinctoria, Meisn though the 
leaves do not change to the very peculiar green described as 
characteristic of that species, and it wants several other distin- 
guishing marks. It bears the number 426 in Mr. Drummond s 
Swan River specimens in my Herbarium. It is a uglily in- 
teresting addition to our greenhouse plants, easy ot culture, and 
free to blossom in the summer months. 

Descr. Shrub two to three feet high, somewhat simple, or 
fastigiately branched ; branches erect, glabrous, rather robust 
(for a Pimelea), reddish below, green above, terete, leafy ap to tne 
involucre. Leaves opposite, glabrous, the upper ones, especial \\ , 

NOVEMBER 1 ST, 1850. 



orect and secund, all of them large for the genus and thick, 
subcoriaceous, broad-lanceolate, glaucous, acute, sessile ; lower 
ones more spreading. Involucre of four to six leaves, larger and 
broader than the cauline ones, shorter than the capitulum. This 
latter is two inches and a half across. Flowers numerous, dense, 
very pale rose-colour. Ovary (adherent with the base of the 
tube of the calyx) turbinate, quite truncated at the top, hairy. 
Tube of the Perianth slender, long, downy, articulated on the 
truncated summit of the ovary ; the segments of the limb ob- 
long, spreading or recurved, ciliated at the margins. Stamens 
and style much exserted. Anthers orange. W. J. H. 

Cult. An Australian genus, consisting of slender twiggy 
shrubs, and now numbering above fifty described species. 
The greater number are natives of Van Piemen's Land and the 
extra-tropical coasts of Australia, many being found at Swan 
River and at King George's Sound on the south-west coast : a few 
extend northward to within the tropics, and several are natives 
of New Zealand. About twenty species are known to have been 
introduced into the gardens of this country. The first was 
P. UnifoUa in 1793, followed by P. rosea in 1800 ; between the 
latter year and 1823, P. drupacea and P.paucifora were intro- 
duced : the first two, being pretty flowering species, were fre- 
quent inmates in the greenhouse, whereas the two latter, 
having inconspicuous flowers, were seldom seen, except in collec- 
tions where rarity and number of species were desired. In 
1823 we were so fortunate as to raise plants of P. decussata, 
which, on account of its being of neat habit and a free and 
showy flowering species, soon became a favourite with culti- 
vators, but has of late been in some measure superseded by 
its more showy rival, P. spectahilis, which was introduced about 
ten years ago. The species now figured is of recent introduc- 
tion, and, from what we know of it, will turn out to be another 
showy species. It is, like its allies, a greenhouse plant, and 
grows vigorously if planted in turfy peat-soil, containing a little 
loam, and kept sufficiently drained. Over-watering is unde- 
sirable, especially during dull damp weather in winter and 
spring; and in hot weather the sides of the pot must not 
be exposed to the direct rays of the sun. It will propagate by 
cuttings, placed under a bell-glass, and treated in the usual 
way, but it has been found to produce the best plants if grafted 
on stocks of P. decussata. J. 8. 



Fig. 1. Lower leaves. 2. Flower: — magnified. 



■S44-. 




M^^ 



■ l etlti.. 



Frederic &#>** 



Tab. 4544. 
ASTRAP^EA viscosa. 

Viscid dstraptsa. 



Nat. Ord. Byttneriace^e. — Monadelphia Polyandria. 

Gen. Char. Flores umbellati (seu capitati), involucro communi polyphyllo 
(quandoque obsoleto) cincti, foliolis subrotundo-ovatis. Calyx 5-dentatus, extus 
1-bracteatus. Petala 5, more Malvavisci convoluta (convoluto-clausa, Lindl.). 
Stamina in tubum longe coalita, 5 sterilia, 20 (v. 15) antherifera. Own** 
5-loculare. Stylus 1. Stigmata 5. Ovula in loculis pauca, inappendiculata. 
Lindl. 



Astrap^ea viscosa ; arborea, ramulis viscosissimis, foliis cordato-rotundatis 3-5- 
angulato-lobatis serratis, lobis acuminatis, stipulis cordatis acutissnnis, 
pedunculis axillaribus subterminalibus solitariis supra medium bibractea js, 
involucro communi obsoleto, bracteis cordatis concavo-carinatis, pedicelhs 
lobisque calycinis ovatis extus hirsutis, petalis pateutibus, stammum tubo 
nrceolato, filamentis sterilibus elongatis, anthens 15. 
Astrap^a viscosa. Sweet, Hort. Brit, (name only.) 
Dombeya Amelia;. Guillemin in Archives de Bot. 9.1. p. 367. 



This is really a noble plant or tree, thirty feet in height, a* 
now seen in the great stove of the Royal Gardens of Kew >vm 
a large rounded head of copious branches, and dense ioUage, 
studded, in the spring months, with numerous snowbal -like 
capitula of flowers, each flower stained with a deep blood- 
coloured eye. M. Guillemin, 1. c, has very correclv ? given the 
history of its introduction. " Cette belle plante he sajs 
" porte le nom &'J 8 trap*a viscosa dans l'Hortus Bntannicu sde 
M Sweet, simple catalogue on sa patrie origmaire est mAqpee. 
Ilparoit quelle fut recue, en 1823, de Madagascar ; qu on I a 
cultive d'abord en Angleterre" (Royal Gardens, ke«), 1 «* 
dans les divers jardins du continent europeen let, nwwu . 
standing it has been thus liberally distributed from Bgnd 
upon the continent under the very apt name of 4+*~£»* 
M. Guillemin thinks fit to refer it to.-^f^iJ^/Jd 
truly an Astrap.a, if that genus be distuict ^£*g'£ 
to change the appropriate specific name to D. Amcl ^ « h 
pliment to the estimable, now widowed, ex-queen of the bunch, 



NOVEMBER 1ST, 1850. 



a fugitive in England ; " S. M. la Reine des Francois, frappee de 
la beaute de cette fleur (at the garden of Neuilly), ay ant charge 
M. Redoute d'en faire la peinture, cet artiste celebre a bien 
voulu communiquer a M. Guillemin un echantillon de la plante," 
&c. Our own knowledge of this amiable personage suffices to 
assure us that such a change would be considered no compliment 
to herself. The flowers have a honey-like smell. 

Descr. Arborescent, with a dense crown of branches and 
copious foliage. The young herbaceous branches and nascent 
leaves, accompanied by large, cordate, afterwards deciduous 
stipules, are exceedingly viscid. Leaves on long petioles, the 
largest of them a span and more long, cord ato-rotun date, 
live-angled (the smaller ones three-angled), the angles or lobes 
acuminate, the margins serrated. From the axils of the leaves 
towards the extremity of the branches, the peduncles appear, a 
span long, bearing two cordate bracteas above the middle. The 
flowers of the young capitulum are clothed by the large deci- 
duous bracteas (one to each flower), and at the base of the capi- 
tulum three or four such bracteas form an imperfect involucre. 
These bracteas disappear on the full expansion of the many 
flowers into a globose head, four inches and more in diameter. 
Pedicels hairy. Calyx-segments ovate, acuminate, hairy exter- 
nally. Petals five, twisted, broad-cuneate, pure white, the base 
deeply dyed with crimson. Staminal tube urceolate, bearing 
five perfect short stamens, and five elongated sterile filaments. 
Ovary hairy, globose. Style divided at the top into five reflexed 
branches. W. J. H. 

Cult. This is a tropical, soft-wooded, branching tree, of quick 
and robust growth, soon arriving at a height that renders it 
unsuitable for hothouses of the ordinary dimensions. In 
the Royal Gardens it has rapidly attained the height of up- 
wards of twenty feet ; but, as it branches freely, it may, with 
management, be kept within bounds by frequently cutting back 
the leading shoots. It grows readily in light loam, and should 
be rather freely supplied with water, as its numerous fibrous 
roots take it up very quickly, and the size and texture of its 
leaves present a large and free evaporating surface. It is easily 
increased by cuttings, planted under a bell-glass, the pot being 
plunged in bottom heat. /. S. 



Fig. L. Flower from which the petals are removed : — magnified. 



A-54-5 . 




Pit «l del rt lith 



,,.: **<■" imp- 



Tab. 4545. 
hoya campanulata. 

Bell-flowered Hoya. 



Nat. Ord. Asclepiadm. — Pentandria Digynia. 
Gen. Char. (Fide supra, Tab. 4397.) 



Hoya campanulata; volubdis, glabra, foliis breviter petiolatis oblongis acutis 
subcoriaceis penninerviis, pedunculis petiolo longioribus, umbella multiriora, 
corolla late campanulata 5-lobata lobis brevissimis obtusissimis. 

Hoya campanulata. Blume, Bijdr. p. 1 064. Lindl. Bot. Reg. 1847, t. 54. 

Physostelma ? campanulata. Becaisne, in Be Card. Prodr. v. 8. p. 632. Walp. 
Repert.Bot.pA93. 

Cystidianthus campanulatus. Harsh Cat. PL in Hort. Bot. Bogor. p. 126. 

A very remarkable stove-plant, native of copses in the moun- 
tainous districts of Java, detected by Blume, and imported into 
England by Messrs. Veitcli and Sons (to whom we are indebted lor 
living plants) through the medium of their collector, Mr. rbomas 
Lobb We agree with Dr. Lindley that, remarkable as is the 
form of the corolla, there is nothing to justify its sep a rationirom 
Hoya-, and it does not accord with Physostelma of Dr. Wight, 
to which Professor Decaisne has doubtfully referred it. If dis- 
tinct from Hoya, it should bear Harskal's name above quoted. 
Blume makes a section of it : " Corolla campanulata ajjlajo- 
Z-plicata, corona foliolis angulo exteriori adscendenhbus nteyr- 
rimisr It bears its curious, somewhat waxy and pale bull- 
coloured flowers in August. h~mAm 

Descr. A long-stemmed timing tkrub, with ^f erbr ^ s - 
Leaves opporite, oval-oblong, acuminate ■<»**""£ 
penninerved. Petiole nearly half an inch long. JW-* si n - 
der, drooping, as is the large capitate umbel P fjJ s ^ 
slender. Calyx small, of five lanceolate^. *"*££ 
an inch and a quarter to an inch and a half in J— JjJgjJ 
membranaceous and fleshy, somewhat ^'J™°^to 
broadly and shallow-campanulate, plicate, the maigm cut into 

NOVEMBER IsT, 1850. 



five, broad, obtuse, very short lobes. Lobes of the staminal 
crown acuminate, slightly ascending. W. J. H. 

Cult. A climbing plant, which, as regards its habit, may 
be considered a thin-leaved ffot/a. Being a native of Java, 
it requires to be kept in a warm and moist stove. A mixture 
of light loam and peat will suit it, and during its season of rest 
care must be taken that it is not saturated with water. Its 
pendulous umbels of flowers are shown most to advantage by 
training the plant up a rafter, or something similar, in a nearly 
horizontal direction. It is easily propagated by cuttings. /. S. 



Fig. 1. Staminal crown : — magnified. 



^54-6. 




Tab. 4546. 

FREZIERA theoides. 

Tea-leaved Freziera. 



Nat. Ord. Ternstr(Emiace^:.— Polyandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx bibracteolatus, pentaphyllus, persistens, foliolis imbricatis, 
exterioribus minoribus. Corolla petala 5, hypogyna, cal .Y cis . follolis alterna > 
subfequalia, orbiculata, sestivatione imbricata. Stamina plurima, hypogyna, 
pluriseriata ; filamenta brevissima ; anthera introrsae, biloculares, oblongae v. h- 
neares basi inserts, erectfe, longitudinaliter dehiscentes. Ovarium hberum, tn- 
quinqueloculare. Omda plurima, loculorum angulo centrali bisenatim inserta, 
pendula, campvlotropa. Stylus brevis, simplex ; stigma tn-qumquelobum. Bacca 
sicca, styli basi rostrata, tri-quinquelocularis. Semina m locuhs plurima, ranus 
pauca, peudula, arcuata, testa Crustacea, nitida. Embryo cylmdncus, in axi al- 
buminis carnosi homotrope arcuatus ; cotyledonibus et radicula supera.— Arbores 
Americana, plerague Peruviana Andicola, pauca in Antdlis monticola ; tohisal- 
ternis, petiolatis, coriaceis, serrato-denlatis, stipulis nuUis, pedunculis axillaribus 
unifloris, soliiariis v.fasciculatk, basi bracteolatis, floribus parvu, albis. 



Freziera theoides; folds elliptico-lanceolatis acutis senato-dentatis basi in pe- 
tiolum brevem attenuatis, floribus nutantibus, pedicelhs axillaribus subsoii- 
tariis unifloris, autheris apiculatis dorso penicellatis, stylo apice tnnao. 

Freziera theoides. Swartz, Ft. Ind. Occ. v. 2. p. 971. £ ^ f'f^l' *' 
p. 524. M'Fad. FL Jam. v. 1. p. 115. Sprung. Syst. Feget. v. 2. p. b\)t>. 

Eroteum theoides. Sicartz. Prodr.p. 85. 



A Jamaica shrub or small tree, inhabiting the ^g her ^ 01 ^ 
tains of that island, and remarkable for its very near ^semblance, 
both in the leaves and flowers, to the black lea of Clll f;^ 
Bohea; and Dr. MTadyen informs us, in ^ f f u \ *™ 
of Jamaica,' that the leaves are astringent, ^d in taste resemble 
those of the green Tea. Although described by Swartz no 
figure has yet appeared of it; nor are we aware it had been 
introduced alive to Europe, till recently sent by ^Jj™^ 
N. Wilson, of the Botanic Garden, Jamaica, to the Royal barden 
of Kew. From these flowering plants our drawing was made 
in September 1850. . . , - ,„ c fnvp- in 

Descr. A Arub four or five feet high ' Y VoTtwen Y 
Jamaica, according to Dr. M'Fndyen, it attains a *W*E£ 
feet : every where glabrous. Leaves alternate, on short petioles, 

NOVEMBER 1 ST, 1850. 



coriaceous, very dark green, elliptical-lanceolate, acute, serrated, 
penninerved, the nerves uniting within the margin. Peduncles 
in our plants all solitary, axillary, curved down, single-flowered. 
Mower drooping, an inch and a half across. Calyx bibracteolate 
at the base, five-sepaled ; sepals broad ovate, acute, green, mar- 
gined with red. Petals cream- white, obcordate. Stamens nu- 
merous, attached to the base of the petals. Anthers oblong, 
opening by two pores, apiculate or furnished with a tuft or 
pencil of hairs at the back. Ovary subglobose, glabrous, tapering 
into a short style, trifid at the point. Fruit " a berry, the size 
of a small cherry, globose, purple, juicy, three- or four-celled. 
Seeds many, angulated." W. J. H. 

Cult. Although not a showy flowering plant, its neat 
and evergreen habit renders it worthy of a place in general 
collections of stove-plants. It much resembles the well-known 
Ardisia crenulata, but grows more luxuriantly ; as, however, it 
bears cutting back, it may be kept to a proper size, and will 
form a neat bush. Being a native of Jamaica, it should be 
grown in a moderate stove temperature, and will thrive in any 
kind of light loam, water being freely given it during dry wea- 
ther in summer. It is readily propagated by cuttings, planted 
in sand, under a bell-glass, and plunged in a moderate bottom- 
heat. J. S. 



Fig. 1, 2. Stamens. 3. Pistil -.—magnified. 



4-54-7. 




:Titk. 






Tab. 4547. 

ECHITES Franciscba; 

v&Y.Jloribus sulphureis. 

The River Francisco Fchites ; sulphur-coloured var. 



Nat. Orel. ApocYNEiE. — Pentandria Digynia. 



Gen. Char. Calyx 5-pavtitus, lobis interne omnibus vel solum interioribus 
glandulosis aut squamatis. Corolla hypocraterimorplia vel infundibuliformis ; 
tubo plus minus elongato, cylindrico vel basi cylindraceo et supra vel apice in- 
fundibuliformi, exappendiculato, intus supra staminum insertionem plerumque 
hispido ; lobis eeativatione sinistrorsum convolutis. Anthera ubi tubus corollas 
latior fit insertse, subsessiles, medio stigmati adhserentes, sagittate, lobis inferiori- 
bus polline destitutis. Nectarium e glandulis 5, lobis calycis alternantibus, li- 
beris vel plus miuusve connatis, nunc 2 vel 3 connatis aliis distinctis. Ovaria 
2, nectaria plerumque longiora, ssepius glabra, ovulis t». Stylus 1. Stigma 
capitatum, ovoideum vel pyramidato-pentagonum, basi membrana integra vel 
lobata umbraculif'ormi reflexa stipatum, apice simplex vel bilobum. Folliculi 2, 
elongati, cylindrici vel torulosi, coriacei. Semina lineari-oblonga, ventre carinata, 
superne comosa ; albumine parco ; embryone axili ; cotyledonibus planis, facie ad- 
pressis, radicula supera longioribus. — Frutices vel suffrutices scandentes, rarius 
herbte suffrutescentes erecta, omnes speciebus dubiis exceptis Americana?; foliis 
oppositis, integris, ciliis glandulosis interpetiolaribus, glandulisque interdum su- 
perne ad basim limbi; cymis axillaribus vel terniinalibus, sapim in racemmi siiu- 
plicern elongatis ; floribus albis, flavis, roseis vel purpureas, sape fragranlibus. 
Decaisne. 



Fchites Franciscea ; ramis racemis foliisque puberulo-velutinis, foliis ovatjs 
acutis mucronatis, racemis simplicibus axillaribus folio subbrevioribus, lobis 
calyciuis triangulari-acuminatis pedicello duplo brevioribus externe pilosis 
tubo corollas quadruplo brevioribus, corolla glabra tubo infra mediam partem 
angustiore sursum infundibuliformi lobis longiore. A. Be Cand. 

Echites Franciscea. Alpli. Be Cand. Prodr. v. 8. p. 454. Lindl. Bot. Beg. 
L847, t. 24. 

fi.pallidiflora; floribus minoribus sulphureis roseo-oculatis. (Tab. Nostr. 4547.) 



This pretty plant was received from the Paris Garden under 
the name of E. Franciscea, a native of Brazil, cultivated m the 
stove. It is, however, a very distinct variety from the original 
species of that name, and, as such, worthy of a place here. 

Cult. This is a freely-growing stove creeper, and may be 

NOVEMBER 1ST, 1850. 



either grown in a pot, and supported by neat rods or a wire 
trellis fixed to the pot ; or planted out in a border against a 
back wall or pillar. A mixture of light loam and peat will suit 
it. The usual precautions must be taken that the soil does not 
become stagnant by over-watering, — a rule to be carefully ob- 
served with plants generally, especially those with fine fibrous 
roots, when cultivated in large pots. Great mischief results 
from injudicious watering ; — not so much from giving too great 
a quantity of water when a plant really needs it, as from the 
common practice of watering often, and giving a little each time. 
The consequence is, that either the lower roots receive no water, 
or the soil becomes a stagnant wet mass, which, even if no more 
water is given, will take a long time to come to the proper 
degree of dryness ; in the meantime the roots suffer, as is 
shown, when too late, by the unhealthy appearance of the 
plant. J". 8. 



Fig. 1. Pistil and stamen : — magnified. 



4-S4-, 




.lei et liLk . 






ileeve & Hicihols . invp. 



Tab. 4548. 
ALMEIDEA rubra. 

Med-jlowered Almeidea. 



Nat. Ord. Rutace.e. — Pentandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx minimus, 5-partitus, deciduus. Petala 5, calyce multoties 
longiora, unguiculata, spathulata, sequalia, erecta. Stamina 5, petalis alterna; 
filamentis complanatis supra medium barbatis, antheris linearibus basi bifidis. 
Nectarium cupulseforme, ovarium cingens. Stylus 1. Stigma obtuse 5-lobum. 
Carpella 5, biovulata (ovulo superiore adscendente, inferiore suspenso), axi 
centrali adfixa, demum abortu pauciora, libera, 1-sperma, ad umbilicum mem- 
branacea, parte membranacea ruptili, umbilico seminis adhrerente, arillaeformi. 
Semen reniforme. Embryo curvatus. Cotyledones magna?, biauriculatae, corru- 
gatae. Mucilago vix ulla inter cotyledonum plicas. — Arbuscuke Brasilienses, foliis 
simplicibus sparsis petiolatis nitidis glanduloso-punctatis, floribus racemosis. Be 
Cand. 



Almeidea rubra ; foliis lato-lanceolatis basi acutis, racemis compositis, pedun- 

culis glabris, petalis obtusissimis. 
Almeidea rubra. St. Hil. Hist. PI. Remarq. Bres. v. 1. p. 144. Be Cand. Prodr. 

v. 1. p. 729. St. Hil. Fl. Braz. Merid. v. 1. p. 86. t. 18. Spreng. Syst. 

Veget. v. l./>. 789. 



This handsome plant, with flowers of the size and colour of 
Lemonia spectabilis, but arranged in a compound raceme or 
thyrsus, is one of six species of a shrubby new genus, detected 
in Brazil by M. Auguste de St. Hilaire. He dedicated it to his 
friend and patron Don Rodriguez Pereira de Almeida, and re- 
ferred it to the "Rutacees proprement dites" (Tribe Diosniete,DC.); 
but remarks that it is of all others of that group the most allied 
to Cuspariea. " It possesses the calyx and nectary of Cuspa- 
riem \ its stamens are those of Galipea ; its ovules, two in num- 
ber, are attached as in Cuspariece ; its false arillus is the same 
as in Monniera ; and, in fine, its embryo, destitute of perisperm, 
with the radicle curved and the corrugated cotyledons, the one 
enveloping the other, resembles that of Galipea Fontainesiana." 
Our plant was received from Mr. Makoy of Liege, and its 
flowering-season with us is the autumn. 

Descr. A ramous shrub, three to live feet high, with leaves 
which are alternate, broadly lanceolate, acute at the base, acu- 

NOVEMBEK ls'I, 1850. 



minate at the apex, penninerved, quite entire at the margins. 
Petioles an inch long or more. Panicle, or compound raceme, 
thyrsoid. Pedicels glabrous, thickened upwards, with small 
deciduous bracteas. Floivers often two or three together, mode- 
rately numerous. Calyx short, cut into five acute teeth. Petals 
obovato-spathulate, very obtuse, spreading, deep rose-colour (as 
is the calyx). Filaments of the stamens linear, contracted below 
the anther, slightly downy, grooved towards the base, and above 
the groove are two hairy tubercles. Anthers oblong. Ovary of 
five lobes, pellucido-punctate, surrounded by an entire, cup- 
shaped nectary. Style longer than the stamens. Stigma capi- 
tate, obscurely five-lobed, W. J. H. 

Cult. The genus to which this plant belongs is from tro- 
pical America, chiefly Brazil ; its species therefore require to be 
grown in a stove temperature. The one here figured flowered 
during the month of September in the Palm-house. It should 
be potted in a mixture of light loam and leaf-mould, and receive 
the benefit of bottom-heat, which we consider of great impor- 
tance in cultivating, and maintaining in a healthy state, plants 
of slow growth like the present. It is increased by cuttings 
plunged in bottom-heat. /. S. 



Fig. 1. Stamen. 2. Calyx, pistil, and nectary. 3. Transverse section of an 
ovary : — magnified. 



4-S4-S. 







Tab. 4549. 
pachira longl folia 

Long -flowered Pachira. 



Nat. Ord. Bombace.e. — Monadelpiiia POLYANDRIA. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4508.) 



I j aciiir,a macrocarpa ; foliis 7-11-natis, foliolis oblongo-obovatis basi cunuatiss 
apice acuminatis glabris, floribus maximis, calyce brevi-tubulo truncate 
basi glanduloso, petalis longissimis albis extus sericeo-velutinis, stainitiibus 
petala aequantibus flavo-coccineis, antheris anguste linearibus curvatis, stylo 
gracili, stigmate 5-lobato. 

Caroline a macrocarpa. Cham.et ScJdecM. in Linnaa, v. 6. p. 423. Walpers, 
Repert. Bot. v. 1. p. 329. Hort. Makoy. 



M. Auguste St. Hilaire, under the genus Pachira, justly ob- 
serves, " Le diagnostic des especes de ce genre est fort difficile 
a etablir ; car ses fleurs, qui generalement ne se developpent pas 
en meme temps qui les feuilles, ont ete souvent seules observees 
et recueillies par les voyageurs ; et, uniformes dans leur structure, 
elles ne presentent pas cntre elles des differences assez saillantes 
pour qu'on puisse les caracteriser en peu de mots." These ob- 
servations will apply eminently to the P. (Carolinea) macrocarpa 
of Chami^so and Schlechtendal, in the Linnaea above quoted ; 
and, indeed, the authors candidly remark of their plant, " Mores 
ex alabastro nobis imperfecte noti." Nor should we venture to 
call this plant " macrocarpa, ," but that it was received from 
Mr. Makoy under that name, who probably derived it from 
Berlin, where the seeds of the original macrocarpa were raised. 
It is a native of Mexico. The flowers are truly magnificent, and 
yet produced in the present instance from a young and small 
plant, As a species it comes very near the P. aauatica of 
Aublet, and may probably prove identical with it. 

Descr. Of the ordinary size of the native plant we are ignorant. 
Our flowering specimen had not attained a greater height than 
four feet, and what gives this a decided advantage over our 
P. alba, lately figured (Tab. 4508), it bears the flowers and foliage 
together. Leaves large, glabrous, digitate, with from seven to 

DXCEMBEK LsT, I860. 



eleven leaflets, which are oblong-obovate, entire, acuminate, 
cuneate, and tapering at the base into a short footstalk. Flowers 
very large. Calyx short-cylindrical, truncated, thick and lea- 
thery, clothed with minute, velvety down, bearing a circle of 
conspicuous glands at the base. Petals full six inches long, 
linear-strap-shaped, the upper half reflexed, white and smooth 
within, pale greyish or greenish-brown and slightly velvety 
externally. Siaminal tube rather short, divided into innumerable 
parcels, each again divided into eight to ten filaments ; which are 
yellow below, the rest deep red. Anthers narrow linear, arcuate. 
Style longer than the stamens, deep red, slender. Stigma small, 
five-lobed. W.J.H. 

Cult. This, like Pachira alba, figured at Tab. 4508, is a tall 
tree of rapid growth, and, as it requires the temperature of a 
stove, it is adapted only for growing in lofty hothouses, such as 
the Palm-house in the Royal Gardens, in which a plant has 
quickly attained the height of twenty-five feet, and, according to 
its present rate of growth, will soon double that height. It has 
not yet flowered, the present figure having been drawn from a 
plant that bloomed when not more than a foot in height, and 
which had but recently been struck from a cutting. It is a fine- 
looking tree, not subject to insects of any kind, and differs from 
Pachira alba in its leaves not being deciduous : in our cultiva- 
tion it appears to have no season of rest. It will grow freely in 
any kind of light loam, kept in a proper state of moisture, and 
increases by cuttings placed under a bell-glass, and the pot 
plunged in bottom-heat. /. S. 



4-550. 



■.<&&R%ki 




lei et litli.. 



ileeve & tf- 



Tab. 4550. 
PRIMULA CAPITATA. 

Bound-headed mealy Primrose. 



Nat. Ord. Primulace^;. — Pentandkia Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx subcauipanulatus vel tubulosus, plus minus profunde 5-den- 
tatus vel etiam 5-fidus. Corolla hypocraterimorpha vel infundibuliformis, limbo 
5-lido, lobis plerumque emarginatis, fauce ad limbura dilatata, tubo tereti calycem 
sequante aut superante. Stamina inclusa. Filamenta brevissima. Anthera. 
ssepe acuminata). Ovarium globosuin aut ovato-globosum. Ov/du oo peltatim 
amphitropa. Capsula ovata, 5-valvis, valvulis integris aut bifidis apioe tantum 
dehiscentibus, seminibus minimis numerosis. — Herbae foliis plerumque radicalibus, 
scapo simplici, floribus umhellatis involucratis rarius verticillatis scepissime spe- 



Primula (§ Aleuritia) capitata ; foliis oblongo-lanceolatis denticulatis rugosis 
subtus prtecipue farinosis, scapo elongato superne incrassato, floribus dense 
eapitatis, involucri foliolis lanceolatis, calycibus furfuraeeis profunde 5-lobia 
lobis latis ovato-acuminatis, corollae hypocrateriformis limbo tubum trans- 
verse rugosum a?quante lobis profunde emargiuatis. 



Raised at the Royal Gardens of Kew, from seeds sent by Dr. 
Hooker, which were gathered in June 1849, from plants growing 
on gravelly banks at Laches, Sikkim-Himalaya, one of the Passes 
into Thibet ; elevation, 10,000 feet above the level of the sen. It 
is, although of the same groupe of Primula with the P. denticu- 
late of the Nepal mountains and our own PJarinosa of the 
north of England and Scotland, a remarkable and well-defined 
species, the flowers being actually sessile, and so crowded as to 
form a compact globose head, like that of many species of Al- 
lium or Armeria. Dr. Hooker observed that it yields a faint 
fragrance, which it does in cultivation, but this, in part at least. 
is derived from the farinaceous substance of the leaves and 
flowers. It flowers with us in a pot in the rock-border, in 
October. 

Descr. Boot, or rather rhizoma, an almost globose, rough 
dark brown tuber, bearing a few fibrous radicles from imme- 
diately beneath the leaves, which latter are all radical, three 1<> 
five inches long, oblong-lanceolate, rather obtuse, denticulate, 



DECEMBER 1ST, 1850. 



rugose, farinose beneath, tapering below into a short footstalk, 
red at the base. Scape often a foot long, moderately stout and 
thickened upwards, mealy, terminated by a dense globose head 
oi flowers, bracteated at the base, the outer bracteas lanceolate, 
and forming a small, reflexed involucre. Calyx sessile, mealy' 
large, campanulate, deeply 5-fid, the segments ovate, acumi- 
nate, subpatent. Corolla with the tube nearly twice as long as 
the calyx, almost white, mealy, a little inflated upwards, and 
transversely wrinkled ; limb of five, obcordate, spreading lobes, 
deep purple above, pale beneath. Anthers small, nearly sessile^ 
inserted below the middle of the tube. Ovary globose. Style 
filiform, as long as the tube. Stigma large, capitate. W. J. H. 

Cult. In habit this approaches our native species, P.farivosa 
and P. Scohca, and although it is a native of a high region and 
consequently subjected to a great degree of cold, yet, like other 
alpine species of the genus, it will probably require some slight 
protection in this climate, especially under our artificial mode of 
cultivation. During the past summer we had a number of 
plants growing very luxuriantly— apparently too much so, for 
not one of them has yet shown any appearance of flowering 
Ine present figure was drawn from a plant that had not been so 
well taken care of, and was stunted in its growth. Several of 
the vigorous plants suddenly died: it is therefore safest, till 
we become better acquainted with this species, to erow it in a 
rame during winter; and in summer to set it in a shady place, 
hat it may escape the heat of the sun in the middle of the day. 
It appears to suffer by frequent watering overhead, the pot 
should therefore, be placed in a pan, so as to receive water from 
the bottom. ./. S. 



Kg, I. Flower. 2. Corolla laid open .-magnified- 



-i- 55 j . 







Tab. 4551. 
BERTOLONIA maculata. 

Spotted-leaved Bertolonia. 



Nat. Ord. Melastomacee. — Dboandbia Monogynja. 



Gen. Char. Cahjcis tubus campanulatus, lobis 5 obtusis sffipina latis brevissimis 
interdum concretis in limbum integrum. Petala 5, obovata. Stamina subimv- 
qualia; antkerce ovatse, obtusa?, l-porosa3, basi attenuate, vixaut nonauriculatse. 
Ovarium non setosum. Capsula trigona, trivalvis, valvis apice quasi retuso-sub- 
uncinatis transverse sub apice sectis et operculi faciem ideo exbibentibus. 
Semina cuneato-triquetra, scabra. — Herbse Brasilienses, radicantes. Folia pet ioi 'a ta, 
ovata, cordata, §~Yl-nervia, crenulata. Cyma? corymbosa, terminates . Flores 
albi aut purpurei. 



Bertolonia maculata ; caule repente ramoso et petiolis quarn folia brevioribus 
pedunculisque hirsutis, folds cordatis lato-ovatis subintegerrimis 5-nerviis 
passim nuiculatis hirsutulis, pedunculis axillaribus, noribus in cvma uni- 
lateral!, calycibus hispidulis. Mart. 

Bertolonia maculata ; Be Cand. Prodr. v. 3. p. 114. Mart. Nov. Gen. et Sp. 
Bras. v. %. p. 116. rf. 257. 



This is one of the many lovely tropical plants now cultivated 
in our stoves, distinguished by the " folia discolora ;" that is, the 
upper and underside differing in colour, and the upper with a 
rich and glossy surface, refracting the rays of light in such a 
manner as to give a coppery or velvety hue, not easily repre- 
sented in a drawing. The subject of our present plate was 
received at the Kew Gardens from Mr. Henderson, St. John's 
Wood Road Nursery, under the name of Eriocnema aneum of 
Naudin. But the plant is no Eriocnema. It belongs to the 
curious and beautiful genus Bertolonia, " dont le caractere essen- 
tiel consiste," as M. Naudin has himself well expressed, " dans 
la forme tout-a-fait insolite du calyce et de la capsule " and it 
is equally certain that it is the B. maculata of De Candolle and 
of Martins above quoted, t. 257. This fruit or capsule is an 
elegant object, especially when the eye is aided by a small power 
of the microscope ; for it is singularly inflated, with three very 
prominent angles and several ribs, and every rib, as well as the 
margin of the lobes of the calyx, is besot with bristles, termi- 

DECEMBER 1 ST, 1850. 



nated by a gland. In many, and perhaps all the Bertolonias, a 
singular appearance is given to the specimens by the persistent 
dead and perfectly bleached thickened flower-stalks and fruits 
upon the otherwise healthy plant. In our representation of the 
plant the term " maculata " may be deemed incorrect ; but 
exactly in this state Martius represents his native specimen, 
and he observes of the leaves, " supra saturate viridia et ssepe 
more Pulmonarice officinalis maculata." Our wild specimens 
from Mr. Gardner (Herb. Braz. n. 1009) have a pale cloud or 
blotch extending to both sides of the costa ; and we have a 
variety or allied species from St. Sebastian (gathered by the late 
Mr. Fox and given to us by Mr. Bunbury), with quite distinct 
oblique red spots between the nerves in regular series the whole 
length of the leaf. Martius found our present species in the 
province of Bahia, Mr. Gardner in that of Pernambuco. 

Descr. Stem short, decumbent, rooting at the base, simple 
or slightly branched, densely clothed with ferruginous hairs. 
Leaves opposite, long-petioled, cordately ovate, acute, obscurely 
toothed, membranaceous, five-nerved, hispid above and at the 
margin, dark velvety green, often obscurely blotched, beneath 
purple. Peduncle terminal or subterminal, red, setose, bearing 
a circinate, one-sided raceme of flowers. Calyx turbinate, trigo- 
nal and ribbed, the ribs ciliated : lobes of the calyx ovate, 
ciliated,— all the cilia or setae glandular at the apex. Petals 
five, obovate, acute, rose-coloured. Stamens ten, nearly equal. 
Anthers oblong, tapering upwards, uniporose, with a slight 
gibbosity at the back of the hilum. Style rather thick, a little 
tapering. Fruit as above described. W. J. II 

Cult. This pretty little plant is a native of Brazil, and conse- 
quently requires to be kept in a warm stove. It has not been 
many months under our notice, but appears to grow and flower 
freely, in a small pot, in light peat-soil. As it has very fine 
fibrous roots, care must be taken that it be never allowed to 
remain too long dry. Judging by its habit of growth, it is not 
likely that much increase of it can be obtained by cuttings, but, 
to nil appearance, it will produce perfect seeds. ./. S. 



Pig- 1. Stamen. 1. Calyx and pistil. 3. Transverse seetion of die ovary. 
ft, !• nut -.—magnified. 



6. SS 2 




Tab, 4552. 
CENTROSOLENIA glabra. 

Glabrous-leaved Centrosolenia. 



Nat. Ord. Gesneriace.e. — Didynamia Angiospermia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx 5-partitus, segmentis serratis. Corolla tubulosa, basi postice 
calcarata, fauce parum ampliata, in limbum brevem latissimc 5-lobum cxpansa. 
Stamina prope basin tubi inserta, didynama cum rudimento minuto quinti, in- 
clusa. Annulus hypogynus obscurus, glandula postica maxima. Ovarium ob- 
longo-conicom, hirsutum. Stylus apicc dilatatus, subcapitato-stigmatosus. Fruc- 
tus capsularis ? Benth. 



Centrosolenia glabra ; foliis disparibus, maximo oblique obovali-obkmgo 
serrato costis subtus petiolisque pilosis exceptis glabra, opposito parvo lan- 
ceolato, corollee pubescentis lobis inferioribus longe limbriatis. Bentk. 

CENTROSOLENIA glabra. BentJt.MSS. 



An interesting and rather handsome Gesneriaceons plant, 
imported by the Royal Gardens of Kew from La Guayra, 
through Mr. Wagener, a German collector, who has been long 
travelling in that country. It forms a stove-plant, and keeps up 
a succession of flowers with us through the autumnal and early 
winter months. We submitted the figure to Mr. Bentham for 
his opinion, as he has paid much attention to the family to 
which it belongs, and has published the results of his observa- 
tions in the 5th volume of the ' London Journal of Botany,' 
p. 357, &c. That gentleman considers the plant as clearly con- 
stituting a second species of his new genus Centrosolenia (1. c. 
p. 362), and he has obligingly furnished the accompanying 
character and description. M. Decaisne's genus Trichanthe, 
since published, probably in the 'Revue Horticole,' for 1848, 
he believes to be identical with Centrosolenia. If so, it must 
give place to the latter name, which appeared in 1846, and con- 
sequently has the right of priority. 

Descr. An erect plant, with a succulent, reddish- brown, 
terete stem, a foot or more high. Leaves succulent, glabrous, 
the lower ones six to eight inches long, opposite, and each pair is 
singularly unequal in size :, one being small, lanceolate, and acu- 

DECSMBSB 1ST, 1850. 



inmate ; the otlier large, ovate, tapering at the base into a stoat 
petiole, and acuminate at the apex, the margin serrated. Pedi- 
cels aggregated, axillary, downy, six to seven lines long, hairy. 
Calyx entirely free, the four lower lobes lanceolate-linear, about 
nine lines long, with one or two shorter or longer teeth above 
the middle, coloured and slightly hairy j the upper lobed, much 
shorter, and narrow, deflected by the spur. Corolla tubular, 
enlarged upwards, projected below into a short obtuse spur, the 
whole tube about an inch and a half long, clothed outside with 
a short thin down, the limb divided into five broad short lobes, 
of which the three lower are fringed with long thread-like 
lacume ; inside of the corolla smooth. Stamens inserted near 
the base of the corolla: /laments smooth, anthers cohering, 
slightly fringed with hairs at the lower end. . Rudiment of the 
fifth stamen small. Annular disc nearly obsolete, with a lar^e 
posterior gland. Ovary conical, hairy, with two lamelliform, 
bipartite, parietal placentae. Style smooth, thick, somewhat 
clavate, with the stigmatic extremity rarely emarginate. Benth. 

Cult. A tropical soft-wooded plant, of robust, straggling 
growth and, like many other Gesneriaceous plants, of an epi- 
phytal habit, and will grow freely on decaying vegetable matter 
m a warm and moist atmosphere. The plant here represented 
was raised from seed, and has grown luxuriantly in a mixture 
of light loam and peat-soil. It is readily increased by cuttings, 
which produce roots without the aid of a bell-glass /. 8. 



vJtel' of dit J it V h p S r °i J?" COr ° lla and Stamens > side -™*- 2 - A'^- 
nor view of ditto. 3. P lst .d and hypogynous glands -.-magnified. 




Heeve •* 



Tab. 4553. 

OXYSPORA VAGANS. 

Weak-stemmed Oxyspora. 



Gen. Char. Calycis tubus oblongus ; lobi 4, ovati, mucronulati. Petala 4, lan- 
ceolata, oblique acuta. Stamina 8, (m-)seqpali&, Jilamentti planiusculis. Anthera 
elongatfe, basi iu calcaria duo obtusa producta, connectivo vix perspieuo. Capsula 
4-locularis, 4-valvis. Semina minima, scobiformia, vix curva, utrinque aristata, hilo 
concavo terminali. — Suffrutices Nepalenses. Folia petiolata, elliptico-oblonga, acu- 
minata, denticulata, 5-7-nervia, superne glabra. Thyrsus paniculatus, terminali*. 
Flores albi, subcernui. De Cand. 



Oxyspora nutans ; subscandens, ramis nutantibus, foliis subcordato-ovatis acn- 
niiuatis crenulatis ciliatis, subtus ramiriis petiolisque leviter tomentoso- 
pilosis pilis simpbcibus demum fere (vel omnino) glabris, panicula elongata 
nutante, connectivo antherarum omnium deorsum calcarato, calyce capsub- 
fero costato. Wall. * 

Oxyspoka vagans. Wall. Plant. Asiat. Rar. v.\. p.1%. £.88. Wall. Cat. w.4075. 

JVIelastoma rugosa. Eoxb. MSS. Ej. Icon. pict. in Hart. Bot. Qilc. asservata. 



Though not so strikingly beautiful as the Oxyspora paniculate, 
figured by Dr. Wallich in his superb ' Plantae Asiaticae Rariores,' 
yet this is very nearly akin to it; and but for the well-known ac- 
curacy of my valued friend just mentioned, and the fact of his having 
seen both species in a living state, I should have been disposed 
to have considered the present a lax-branched and las-flowered 
variety of O.panicidata : — the more so, as he quotes from Dr. 
Roxburgh's MSS. a still more lax and drooping variety of this. 
O. paniculata is indeed a stouter and stronger plant, with the 
stem and panicle erect, and " connectivo antherarum longiorum 
obsolete calcarato ;" whilst in our plant, which quite accords 
with the Wallichian specimen in my herbarium, the connectivum 
of the longer anther is less distinctly spurred than the shorter 
ones. I possess, too, several specimens from Assam, from 
Griffith and others, of some among which it is, at least in the dried 
state, difficult to say to which they should belong. The plant 
here figured is, however, assuredly the vagans of Drs. Roxburgh 
and Wallich, and has been raised from seeds sent by Dr. Hooker 
from hilly country bordering on the plains in the approach to 
Darjeeling. ff less showy, it is a more graceful plant than the 



paniculata, being truly subscandent and the panicles all very 
drooping. 

Desor. Shrub three to five feet high, loosely branched ; the 
branches long and weak, drooping, obscurely four-angular, the 
younger ones tomentose. Petioles long. * Leaves ovate or 
cordate-ovate, acuminate, five- to seven-nerved, glabrous above, 
obsoletely downy with short hairs, or quite glabrous below, where 
also the nerves are very prominent and red. Panicles terminal, 
drooping, lax, often a foot long. Primary branches opposite, 
secondary forked. Calyx-tube elongated, tetragonous, pale 
reddish-green, with a limb of four small teeth. Petals four, of 
a bright rose-colour, obovate, acute. Stamens eight, four long 
and four short ; the four smaller anthers are pale-coloured, and 
have a distinct spur pointing downwards at the back of the 
connectivum; the four longer ones are deep purple, much 
curved, and have a small spur. Style much decurved. W. J. H. 

Cult. This showy plant was raised last year from seeds, and 
this autumn it produced flowers. It is of a slender habit, 
with long internodes, and is not disposed to produce lateral 
branches. It grows freely if potted in light loam and leaf- 
mould, and kept in a moderately warm stove, and propagates 
readily by cuttings treated in the usual way. /. S. 



Kg. 1. The two kinds of stamens. 2. Calyx and pistil -.—magnified-