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Full text of "Curtis's botanical magazine."

CURTIS'S 

BOTANICAL MAGAZINE 



COMPRISING THE 



pante of tifje &opaI (Bzvtitte ot iieto, 

AND 

OF OTHER BOTANICAL ESTABLISHMENTS IN GREAT BRITAIN ; 
WITH SUITABLE DESCRIPTIONS; 

BY 

SIR WILLIAM JACKSON HOOKER, K.H., D.C.L. Oxon., 

LL.D., F.R.S. andL.S., Vice-President of the Linnean Society, and Director of the Royal Gardens of Kew. 

VOL. VIII. 

OF THE THIRD SERIES; 

(Or Yol.LXXVIIl. of the Whole Work.) 




"For if delight may provoke men's labor, what greater delight is there than to behold the earth ap- 
parelled with plants, as with a robe t>i embroidered worke, let with orient pearles. and garnished with great 
diversity of rare and costly jewels'"' — O t ra rit. 



LONDON: 
REEVE AND CO., HENRIETTA STREET, COVENT GARDEN. 

1852. 




S i''.]>\\ AM) l i ' ■ '■ HSR, 

UTILE QUEEN KTKEET, I.I IS FIELD- 



N. B. WARD, ESQ., F.R.S., L.S., 

ETC. ETC. ETC., 
WHOSE INVENTION OF THE 

CLOSELY GLAZED CASES 

HAS CONTRIBUTED SO MUCH TO THE ENEICHING OF OUB GAEDENS WITH 

PLANTS FEOM THE MOST DISTANT REGIONS, 

AND TO THE 

SMBELLI8HMENT OF THE DEAWING-EOOM OF THE PEINCE 

AS WELL AS OF THE 

HUHBUB DWELLING OK THE MECHANIC IN THE MOST CBOWDED CITIES, 



fttjis Folume is ©etitcatcti, 



MARK OF THE AFFECTIONATE ESTEEM AND EEGABD OF 

THE AUTHOE. 



Royal Gardens, Kew, 
December 1, 1852. 



INDEX, 

In which the Latin Names of the Plants contained in the Eighth 
Volume of the Third Series (or Seventy-eighth Volume of 
the Work) are alphabetically arranged. 



• Plate. 

4653 Acacia Cycnorum. 
4635 Araucaria columnaris. 
4676 Begonia hernandiasfolia . 
4683 xanthina. 

4641 Benthamia fragifera. 
4656 Berberis Wallichiana. 

4642 Beschorneria tubiflora. 
4629 Bifrenaria Hadwenii. 
4652 Brachysema lanceolatmn. 

4670 Brya Ebenus. 

4671 Calanthe vestita. 

4669 viridi-fusca. 

4664 Ceanothus rigidus. 

4660 verrucosus. 

4675 Centrosolenia bractescens. 

4645 Ccelogyne Cumin gii. 

4661 ochracea. 

4658 Coscinium fenestratum. *" 
4667 Curcuma Roscoeana. 
4640 Dendrobium aqueum. 

4686 ■ cretaceum. 

4659 Earmeri. 

4663 transparens. 

4633 Dryandra nobilis. 

4632 Ecbinocactus longihamatus. 

4634 rhodophthalmus ; 

var. ellipticus. 

4687 Echinopsis cristata. 
4637 Eucalyptus coccifera. 
4626 Eugenia Ugni. 
4677 Goethea strictiflora. 
4628 Grindelia grandiflora. 
4651 Guichenotia macrantha. 
4643 Hakea rayrtoides. 



Plate. 

4644 Hakea Scoparia. 

4685 Heliconia pulverulenta. 

4684 Hoya fraterna. 

4631 Impatiens fascieulata. 

4623 cornigera. 

4662 macrophylla. 

4649 Jasminum nudiflorum. 
4673 Lilium giganteum. 

4624 Machseranthera tanacetifolia. 
4672 Malcolmia littorea. 

4681 Malva involucrata. 
4668 Meconopsis Wallicbii. 

4650 Medinilla Sieboldiana. 
4680 Monocera grandiflora. 

4665 Nymphsea (hybrids) Devoniensis. 
4647 gigantea. 

4638 Olearia Gunniana. 
4636 Oxyanthus tubiflorus. 

4666 Paulownia imperialis. 
4627 Pentstemon baccharifolius. 
4646 Phrynium sanguineum. 
4655 Podocarpus neriifolia. 

4625 Ranunculus cortussefolius. 
4648 Rhododendron ciliatum ; j3. 

roseo-album. 

4657 lepidotum. 

4630 Roscoea purpurea. 
4678 Rubus biflorus. 

4639 Sarcanthus filiformis. 

4682 Sobralia cblorantha. 
4674 Tacsonia sanguinea. 
4654 Trichopilia suavis. 
4688 Vaecinium erytlirinum. 



INDEX, 

In which the English Names of the Plants contained in the Eighth 
Volume of the Third Series (or Seventy-eighth Volume of 
the Work) are alphabetically arranged. 



Plate. 

4653 Acacia, Swan River. 
4635 Araucaria, pillared. 
4631 Balsam, fascicle-flowered. 

4623 horn-bearing. 

4662 large-leaved Ceylon. 

4676 Begonia, Hernandia-leaved. 
4683 or Elephant's Ear, yel- 
low-flowered. 

4641 Benthamia, Strawberry -fruited. 
4656 Berberry, Dr. vVallich's. 

4642 Beschorneria, tube-flowered. 
4629 Bifrenaria, Mr. Hadwen's. 
4652 Brachysema, lance-leaved. 
4669 Calanthe, greenish-brown. 

4671 hairy-stemmed. 

4658 Calumba root, false. 

4664 Ceanothus, rigid. 

4660 warted. 

4675 Centrosolenia, bractescent. 
4645 Coelogyne, Mr. Cuming's. 

4661 ■ ochre-spotted. 

4667 Curcuma, Mr. Roscoe's. 

4686 Dendrobium, chalk- white. 

4659 — Mr. Farmer's. 

4663 transparent. 

4640 watery. 

4633 Dryandra, handsome. 
40/0 Ebony, Jamaica. 

1682 Echinocactus, long-hooked. 

4634 red-eyed; ellipti- 
cal variety. 

4687 Echinopsis, crested. 

4677 Goethea, upright-flowering. 
4628 Grindelia, large-flowered. 
4651 Guichenotia, large-flowered. 
4637 Gum-tree, coccus-bearing. 
4644 Hakea, Broom-like. 



Plate. 

4643 Hakea, Myrtle-like. 
4685 Heliconia, powdery. 
4684 Hoya, thick-leaved. 

4649 Jasmine, naked-flowering. 
4673 Lily, gigantic. 

4624 Machgeranthera, Tanacetum- 

leaved. 
4672 Malcolmia, sea-shore. 
4681 Mallow, involucrated. 
4668 Meconopsis, Dr. Wallich's. 

4650 Medinilla, Siebold's. 
4680 Monocera, large-flowered. 

4626 Myrtilla. 

4665 Nymphsea,Duke of Devonshire's; 

hybrid. 

4638 Olearia, Mr. Gunn's. 

4636 Oxyanthus, long-flowered. 

4666 Paulownia, imperial. 

4627 Pentstemon, Baccharis-leaved . 
1646 Phrynium, sanguineous. 
4655 Podocarpus, Oleander-leaved. 

4625 Ranunculus, or Buttercup, Cor- 

tusa-leaved. 

4678 Raspberry, twin-flowering. 
4648 Rhododendron, fringed ; rose- 
white variety. 

4657 -scaly. 

4630 Roscoea, purple-flowered. 

4679 Rose, Wang-jang-ve ; Fortune'-. 

Double Yellow. 
4639 Sarcanthus, slender-leaved. 
4682 Sobralia, yellow-flowered. 
4674 Tacsonia, blood-coloured. 
4654 Trichopilia, sweet. 
4647 Water-Lily, gigantic. 
4688 Whortleberry, red-twigged. 



4 62$. 



<^3k. 








.> 

-* 



; 





Tab. 4623. 
IMPATIENS CORNIGERA. 

Horn-bearing Balsam. 



Nat. Ord. Balsamineje. — Pentandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4615.) 



Impatiens cornigera ; herbacea erecta interne ramosa radicans, foliis alternis 
longe petiolatis ovatis acuminatis marginibus integerrimis scabris basi 
remote fimbriolatis, petiolis glanduloso-timbriolatis, pedunculis aggregatis 
axillaribus miifloris petiolo brevioribus deflexis, floribus (roseis) sepalo 
superiore (2 sepalis unitis) dorso imguc viridi donate-, inferiore cucullato 
pubescente, calcare brevi obtuso curvato lamina orbiculari. 



Raised in the stove of the Royal Gardens, from seeds sent 
from Ceylon by Mr. Thwaites. It flowered the whole summer 
and autumn, and may be pronounced a really ornamental plant. 
In our herbarium we find specimens which we consider to be 
identical, from Assam, sent by Major Jenkins, and among those 
specimens are some with glabrous flowers, which have consider- 
able affinity with Impatiens laevigata, Wall., but from which the 
present appears truly distinct. 

Descr. Stem erect, three to four feet high, rather stout, succu- 
lent, semipellucid, striated, often red at the setting on of the 
leaves, very thick and much branched and rooting below. 
Leaves alternate, large, sometimes nearly a span long, ovate, 
acuminated, ♦pennincrved, pale beneath ; petiole and midrib 
generally red, the margin very obscurely crenato-serrate, the 
minute teeth bearing a seta which is long and conspicuous at 
the base of the leaf ; the edge too, as seen under a lens, is every- 
where ciliated : petiole 1-2 inches long and nearly a line broad, 
semiterete, margined, the margin bent, with more or less numerous 
long soft distant fimbriae tipped with a gland. Peduncles aggre- 
gate, axillary, single-flowered, much shorter than the petiole, a 
little enlarged upwards, and curved down with the weight of the 

JANUARY 1ST, 1852. 



flower. The size of the flower is about equal to those of Impa- 
tiens Balsamina, and the colour is yellowish, much suffused with 
pink. The upper sepal (two united) is remarkable for a large 
green horn-like projection from the back ; the lower for being 
downy, and for the short, much-curved, green spur. W. J. H. 

Cult. This, like other tropical species of the genus, requires 
to be treated as a tender annual. If potted in light rich soil, 
and kept in a stove and well supplied with water, it attains 
a considerable size, producing thick side-branches, which in time 
assume a hard woody appearance. When placed in a favour- 
able situation as regards shade and moisture, the lower parts of 
the branches produce aerial roots, which descend till they reach 
the soil, and then materially assist in supplying nourishment to 
the plant. As it flowers late, we fear it will not ripen seeds ; 
but it may be increased by cuttings, which root readily in the 
summer, but require much care in the winter, as they are liable 
to damp off. /. S. 



■42 




Tab. 4624. 
MACHtERANTHERA tanacetipolia. 

Tanacetum-leaved Machcer anther a. 



Nat. Ord. Composit^-Asteroide.e. — Syngenesia Superflua. 

Gen. Char. Capititlum radiatum, ligulis foemineis (neutrisve ?) linearibus 3- 
nervns. Imolucrum pluriseriale, imbricatum, squamis herbaceis margine pallidis 
apioe patulis. Receptaculum nudum? (alveolatum et fimbriatum). Stigmata 
disci apice lineari elongato sterili. Antlierce corolla longiores, basi muticae, ap- 
pendice terminali cultriformi. AcJienia compressa (conica?), sericeo-hirsuta, 
pibs pappum externum simulantibus. Pappus pilosus, inrequalis, scaber.— Herba 
perem us, pills capitatis pubescent, facie Anthemidis. Folia alterna, pinnatifida, 
lotos dentatis. Capitula terminalia, solitaria, ram apice nudo pedunculata. Ligula? 
alba, ex H. et B. in sicco purpurascentes. Discus luteus. 



MACHiERANTHERA tanacetifolia . 

Mach^ranthera tanacetifolia. Nees, Ast.p. 224. Be Cand. Prodr. v. 5. p. 262. 

Aster tanacetifolius. H. B. K. Nov. Gen. Am. v. 4. p. 96. 

Aster chrysanthemoides. mild, in Spreng. Syst. Veget. v. 3. p. 538. 



A pretty and singular suffruticose Composita, with flowers 
nearly as large as a China Aster, and the leaves deeply pinnatifid, 
like some Anthemis, perhaps, rather than Tanacetum. It was 
seen by Humboldt cultivated in gardens in Mexico; but Dr. 
U right appears to have found it wild in New Mexico, and from 
Ins seeds our plants were raised in the Royal Gardens of Kew. 
llanted in the open border they continued flowerino; dorinc the 
summer months. ° 

Descr A procumbent, or rather ascending half-shrubby 
plant, with branching slender stems, nearly a foot long, every- 
where as well as the foliage slightly downy. Leaves alternate, 
sessile spreading, their outline oblong, but they are cut in a 
pmnatihd manner down to the linear rachis into a number of 
rather distant, spreading, linear, acute, entire or slightly serrated 
segments : towards the flowers, on the branches, the segments 
become smaller, till the uppermost leaf is almost or quite entire 

•I A MARY 1st, 1852. 



and linear. Capitulum large, yellow, with a purple ray, soli- 
tary, terminal on the branches. Involucre hemispherical, of 
numerous, spreading, subulate, glandular, herbaceous scales. 
Ligules of the ray rather linear-lanceolate, three-nerved, the 
lower portion woolly at the back. Achenia hispid. Pappus 
scabrous ; branches of the style almost filiform. Florets of the 
centre tubulose, five-toothed. Achenium and pappus as in the ray. 
Branches of the style linear-spathulate, glandular on the back 
at the apex. Receptacle evidently honey-combed and fimbriated. 
W. J. E. 

Cult. This pretty plant is a tender biennial, but sufficiently 
hardy to flourish in the open air during summer. Unfortu- 
nately for its maintenance as a garden plant, it produces but 
a small quantity of perfect seeds and is not readily propagated 
by cuttings. /. S. 



Tig. 1. Floret of the disc. 2. Portion of the receptacle. 3. Floret of the 
ray. 4. Hair of the pappus ; — magnified. 



4-6Z, 




\^;«'~ 



Tab. 4625. 

RANUNCULUS cortus^efolius. 

Cortusa-leaved Bamnculus, or Buttercup. 



Nat. Ord. Ranunculace^.— Polyandkia Polygynia. 
Gen. Char. {Fide supra, Tab. 4585.) 



Ranunculus (§ Ranunculastrum) cortusafolius ; elatus, foliis cauleque pilosis 
radicahbus subcordato-reniformibus 3-5-lobatis subradiatim venosisflobis 
mciso-lobulatis dentatisque, caulinis subsessilibus 3-5-partitis, floralibus 
lanceolahs, caule apice ramoso-corymboso, calyce patentissimo, sepalis extus 
\illosis, tructu oblongo-globoso, acheniis stylo uncinato termioatis. 

Ranunculus cortusaBfolius. TFilld. Fnum.p. 588. Beless. Ic. Select, v. 1. I. 36. 
DeCand.Prodr.v. l./>. 264. Webb, Hkt.Nat. Oanar. Bot.v.l.p.8. Bprenq. 
Syst. Veget.v. 2. p. 647. 

Ranunculus Teneriffae. Pers.Syn. v. 2. p. 103. 

Ranunculus grandifolius. Lowe, Prim. Faun, et Fl. Mad. p. 38. (not Mey.) 



Unquestionably the handsomest of all the Buttercups yet 
known to botanists. The flowers are not only large, more than 
two inches across, but of a singularly glossy yellow colour; and 
although a native as it would seem exclusively of the Canary Islands 
and ot Madeira, it is quite hardy. In the latter country Ribeira 
*no seems to be the only locality : in the former Mr. Webb de- 
scribes it as inhabiting grassy banks in the woody districts. It 
flowers during the summer months. To the synonyms above 
given bprengel adds that of B. heuchercefolius, Presl, Fl. Sicul. 
flu R o g fm nose, formed of thick, fleshy, fasciculated 

hbres. Stem two to four feet high, terete, and, as well as the 
lohage, hairy with rather pilose hairs, which are dilated at the 
base. Radical leaves on long hairy petioles, large, between or- 
bicular and remform, three- to five-lobed ; lobes again divided and 
cut into several acute lobules, or large sharp teeth, cut and ser- 
rated, the whole somewhat radiately and dichotomously veined • 
upper leaves gradually smaller, sessile, five- to three-partite, the 
segments lanceolate, coarsely serrated, with parallel veins. Flowers 
terminal, between cymose and paniculate. Petioles terete. 



JANUARY 1ST, 1852. 



Calyx of five, ovato-lanceolate, very hairy, herbaceous sepals, pale 
and scariose at the margin. Petals five, large, broadly obovate, 
very glossy yellow. Stamens very numerous. Head of pistils 
short, oval. Ovary round-ovate, compressed, laterally hairy, 
tapering into a recurved style scarcely its own length. Head of 
fruit similar, but larger. W. J. H. 

Cult. This plant, being of neat habit and flowering freely in 
a pot, is well suited for being associated with general collections 
of the smaller alpine plants, which are usually kept in pots for the 
convenience of removing the more tender species to the protection 
of a frame during the winter and early spring months. When 
planted in the open border, it should be protected by a hand-glass, 
additional covering being provided during severe frosts. It is 
increased by division of the roots, which should be done in 
autumn. /. S. 



Pig. 1. Capitulum of scarcely mature fruit : — nat. size. 2. Carpel : — magnified. 



4-GZ6. 




Tab. 4626. 
EUGENIA Ugni. 

Myrtilla. 



Nat. Ord. MyrtacEjE. — Icosandria Monogynia. 
Gen. C/iar. (Fide supra, Tab. 4526.) 



Eugenia Ugni; pedunculis axillaribus solitariis unifloris folium jequantibus v. 
superantibus, bracteolis sub calyce persistentibus lobisque calyeinis lineari- 
bus reflexis, foliis ovatis acutis coriaceis impunctatis venis obsoletis supra 
atro-viridibus subtus pallidis siccitate albis, ramulis novellis petiolisque 
superioribus pubescentibus. 

Eugenia Ugni. Hook, et Am. Contr. to Fl. S. Am. in Bot. Mm. v. 3. p. 318. 

Myrtus Ugni. Mol. GUI. ed. Gal. p. 133. Be Cand. Prodr. v. Z.p. 239. Sprena. 
Syst. Feg. v. 2. p. 481. 

Murtilla. Feuill. Obs. v. 3. p. 44. t. 31. 



In the absence of fruit, of which we are yet ignorant not- 
withstanding our copious specimens, I am still doubtful whether 
this should be ranked with Myrtus or Eugenia, but I retain it 
in the genus to which Dr. Arnott and myself referred it in the 
' Botanical Miscellany.' It forms a charming shrub, native of 
South Chili and the islands, abundant in Chiloe and in the Bay 
of Valdivia, where the natives call it TJgni, and the Spaniards 
Murtilla or Myrtilla- and the habit is not unlike that of our 
European Myrtle. Introduced by Messrs. Veitch and Son, 
through their collector, Mr. William Lobb. It proves quite 
hardy m their Nursery at Exeter, whence we were favoured with 
the flowering specimen here figured in July 1851. The flowers 
are fragrant, and the leaves when bruised are no less so ; which 
ensures its being prized by all cultivators. 

Descr. A shrub, varying in height, according to Mr. Bridges, 
trom two to four feet, copiously branched; branches erecto- 
patent, clothed with brown bark, young shoots downy. Leaves 
copious, opposite, spreading, on very short petioles, thick, coria- 
ceous, ovate, sometimes varying to lanceolate, very acute, im- 
punctate, nerveless, the margin reflexed, dark green above, pale 
and when dry almost white beneath. Peduncles axillary, solitary, 

JANUARY 1ST, 1852. 



single-flowered, with a pair of linear reflexed bracts at the setting 
on of the flower. Calyx-tube turbinate, dotted : limb of five (or 
rarely four) recurved, linear lobes, exactly resembling the bracts. 
Petals five (or four), erect, orbicular, very concave (forming a 
globose corolla), white, tinged with rose. Stamens numerous : 
anthers red. Style shorter than the petals, thick, subulate. WJ.H. 
Cult. One of the many new shrubs and trees lately intro- 
duced from Chili by Messrs. Veitch and Son. It is, no doubt, 
sufficiently hardy for the climate of the southern and western 
coasts of Great Britain, and also for other less favoured parts of 
the island when the winters are mild; but we would recom- 
mend its being treated, at present, as a greenhouse plant. 
Experiments should, however, be made in all situations, to 
ascertain the degree of cold it will bear ; for if truly hardy it 
will prove a great acquisition to the ornamental shrubbery. 
Like most of the genus, it strikes freely from cuttings. /. 8. 



Fig. 1. Bracts, calyx, and pistil -.—magnified. 



6Z1. 




Tab. 4627. 
PENTSTEMON baccharifolius. 

Baccharis-leaved Pentstemon. 



Nat. Ord. ScROPiitJLAiiiNE^. — Didynamia Angiospeumia. 
Gen. Char. (Fide supra, Tab. 4318.) 



Pentstemon baccharifolius; caule erecto tereti pubescenti-glanduloso, foliis gla- 
berrimis atro-viridibus coriaceis grosse spmuloso-serratis inferioribus spa- 
thulatis intermediis oblongis summis rotundatis, panicula terminali elongata, 
calycis brevis segraentis ovatis, corollae (coccineae) tubo iiifundibuliformi ore 
obliquo limbo subbilabiato, labio superiore bifido inferiore trifido, filamentis 
inclusis quinto sterili. 



At Tab. 4601 we had the pleasure of figuring a handsome 
new Pentstemon, P. TFrightii, reared from Texian seeds gathered 
by Dr. Wright ; and now we have the satisfaction of giving 
another equally new and showy species derived from the same 
source, and, like that, quite hardy, flowering through the summer 
and autumn. It is so distinct that we cannot point to any other 
species with which it is at all likely to be confounded. 

Descr. Annual ? Stems erect, or decumbent at the base, a 
foot to a foot and a half high. Stem scarcely branched (except 
where it terminates in the panicle), terete, stout, and rigid, of a 
purple-brown colour, and, as are the pedicels, bracts, and flowers, 
even the corolla within and without, clothed with minute glandular 
pubescence. Leaves in rather distant pairs, rigid, dark green, 
spreading, coarsely and spinescently toothed or serrated (generally 
less so at the base), glabrous : the lower ones spathulate, up- 
wards on the stem becoming oblong, and finally, nearest the 
flowers, rotundate, obscurely penninerved, all of them quite 
sessile. Panicle terminal, elongated ; primary peduncles opposite, 
three-flowered, bracteated at the setting on of the peduncles and 
pedicels ; bracteas small, broadly ovate, reflexed. Calyx small, 
cup-shaped, deeply cut into five imbricating, ovate segments. 
Corolla rich scarlet, an inch and a half long : tube infundibuli- 
form, labially compressed, slightly ventricose below, the mouth 

JANUARY 1ST, 1852. 



rather oblique, marked with a white ring : the limb obscurely 
two-lipped ; upper lip two-lobed, lower of three larger lobes, all 
patenti-reflexed. Stamens included : the fifth stamen is an 
abortive glabrous filament. Ovary oblong, gibbous on one side 
at the setting on of the long slender style: stigma capitate. 
W. J. H. 

Cult. This new species of Pentstemon is a native of the same 
region as P. Wrigldii. Judging by the appearance of the plant 
after the severe frost in November last, we may conclude that 
it is not sufficiently hardy to live throughout the winter without 
some protection ; it is therefore desirable to keep a stock in pots, 
that may be placed in a cool frame during the winter. Being 
a late-flowering species, it did not ripen its seeds, but, like the 
allied species of the genus, it may be increased by cuttings. /. S. 



Fig. 1. Pistil. 2. Stamens: — magnified. 




8 



Tab. 4628. 

GRINDELIA grandiflora. 

Large-flowered Grindelia. 



Nat. Ord. Composit^-AstekoidbjE. — Syngenesia Superflua. 

Gen. CJtar. Capitulum pluriflorum, fl. radii circiter 5-ligulatis fcemineis, disci 
7-8-tubulosis 5-dentatis hermapbroditis. Involucram ovatum, squamis oblongis 
adpresse imbricatis. Receptaculum nudum. Styli florum disci appendicular, 
hirtelli. Aclimia obovato-teretiuscula, villosiuscula, radii calva,- disci squamellis 
ovatis subacutis brevibus coronata.— Herba siiffrutkosa Texana, erecta, ramosis- 
sima, glabra. Eami juniores sulcato-angulati, adulti teretes. Folia alterna, linearia, 
integerrima, uninervia, summafere subutata. Capitula parva, ramubs terminantia, 
solitaria. Mores lutei. 



Grindelia grandiflora ; elata simplex, apice corymboso, foliis e basi amplexi- 
cauli lata grosse dentato-serrata sensim acuminatis subintegerrimis, ramis 
apice monocephabs, involucri glutinosi squamis longe subulatis patenti- 
squarrosis, capituli radiis aurantiacis discum duplo superantibus. 



Raised from seeds sent by Dr. Wright from Texas, and quite 
hardy, flowering in the open air as late as November 1st, when 
our drawing was made. In foliage the species certainly more 
closely resembles G. inuhides, Bot. Reg. t. 248, than G. squar- 
rosa, figured in 'Botanical Magazine/ tab. 1706, but it appears 
on comparison distinct from both, especially in the great size of 
the flowers {capitula) and in the deep orange-yellow of the broad 
ray, no less than in the great height of the plant, three to five 
feet in our garden. It must be confessed, however, that the 
species of the genus are very variable and ill-defined. 

Descr. The root appears to be annual or biennial, fibrous. 
Stems, on an average, four feet high, erect, herbaceous, simple, 
till towards the summit where they are corymbosely branched, 
each branch leafy and terminated by a flower. Whole plant 
hard and rigid, subglaucous. Leaves alternate, sessile, from a 
broad cordato-semiamplexicaul base, lanceolate, gradually taper- 
ing to a point ; the base coarsely dentato-serrate, the rest nearly 
entire. Flowers {capitula) very large, solitary, on each terminal 
branch, full orange-yellow. Involucre hemispherical, glutinous : 
scales subulate, spreading or even recurved, squarrose, herba- 

JANUARY 1ST, 1852. 



ceous. Radical florets ligulate, very long, with a slender tubular 
base. Ovary obovate, furrowed, bearing one or more setse : 
style with the branches subulate. Florets of the disc tubular, 
five-toothed, of the ovary as in the ray, setae three to six. Style 
much longer than the stamens, branches dilated upwards, 
downy. Receptacle foveolate. W. J. H. 

Cult. A stout plant, growing freely during the summer 
months in the open air, and making a showy appearance when 
in flower. Towards autumn the stem becomes hard and woody ; 
after flowering, the stem and roots are exhausted and die, 
showing that the plant is only a biennial. Like many Mexican 
Composite, it does not freely ripen seeds ; but it may be 
readily increased by cuttings, which should be struck so as to 
have them established by the end of the summer, the young 
plants being kept in a cool airy place till the spring, when they 
may be planted out in the flower-borders. /. S. 



Pig. 1. Radial floret. 2. Floret of the disc. 3. Portion of the receptacle: 
-magnified. 



4-620. 




Tab 4629. 
BIFRENARIA Hadwenii. 

Mr. Hadwen s Bifrenaria. 



Nat. Ord. Orchide^;.— Gynandria Monandria. 

Gen. Char. Sepala patula, libera ; lateralia cum basi producta columna? adnata, 
vix basi obliqua. Petala sepalis duplo minora. Labellum cum pede mucronato 
columnar articulatum, cucullatum, trilobum, medio callosum. Columna brevis, 
semiteres, mutica. Anthem mutica, subcristata. Pollinia 4, per paria incum- 
bentia, caudiculis duabus distinctis materiei viscidse rostelli adhan-entibus, glan- 
dula (oblonga).— Upi^hy la, pseudo-bulbosa, Maxillariae {Colacis) habitu. Lindl. 



Bifrenaria Hadwenii ; foliis longis teretibus pendentibus acutis antice inferne 
prsecipue sulcatis, pedunculis erectis unifloris vaginatis, ovario longissimo 
tereti, sepalis oblongis acuminatis patentibus uniformibus, labello amplo 
cucullato subrepando intus pubescente, crista applanata 3-dentata. 

Bifrenaria Hadwenii. Lindl. in Paxt. PI. Gard. July 1851, p. 67. 

Scuticaria Hadwenii. Sort. (Lindl.) 



Communicated by Isaac Hadwen, Esq., of Liverpool, from 
the stove of his garden, in June 1851. It has a good deal 
the habit of Maxillaria (Scuticaria) Steelii, figured at our 
Tab. 3573, and it is no wonder that horticulturists placed it in 
the same genus ; but Dr. Lindley observes that it departs from 
Scuticaria in the pollen-masses, and he refers it to Bifrenaria, 
though differing somewhat from that genus. It is a native of 
Brazil, and appears to have been first imported by Mr. Hadwen 
from Rio Janeiro. We have received plants at Kew from the 
same country, through our valued friend Mr. Miers, of Temple 
Lodge, Hammersmith. It flowered with Mr. Hadwen in May, 
with us in September. 

Descr. Except that the foliage is shorter and not so flaccidly 
pendent, the general aspect of the plant is quite that of our 
Maxillaria Steelii. The stem or caudex is short, knotty, brown, 
throwing out a few cylindrical fleshy roots, and from a sheath- 
ing swollen base bearing leaves a foot and a foot and a half long, 
terete, furrowed on the inside, acute, dark green. From similar 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1852. 



sheathing bases, or short peduncles, the flowers appear, erect, 
solitary, with a very long terete ovary, resembling a continuation 
of the peduncles. Sepals all uniform, spreading, oblong, sharply 
acuminate, pale yellow-green, blotched or mottled with brown. 
Lip large, white, with flesh-coloured spots, obovate, cucullate, 
waved or repand at the margin, downy within, having an oblong 
callous swelling at the base, three-toothed at the apex. Column 
semiterete. Anther-case hemispherical. W. J. II 

Cult. This Orchid requires to be kept in the tropical Orchid- 
house. It is strictly epiphytal, and the appearance of newly- 
imported plants leads us to suppose that it grows in rather 
exposed and dry situations. At the Royal Gardens it grows on 
a suspended block of wood, and has flowered. The wood should 
be slightly inclined, in order to favour the pendulous habit of the 
plant. J. S. 



Fig. 1. Column and stamen. 2. Lip i — mntjnifuil. 



4-630. 




Tab. 4&30. 

ROSCOEA PURPUREA. 

Purple-flowered Roscoea. 



Nat. Ord. Scitamineje. — Monandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Ckar. Calyx tubulosus. Corolla tubus sursum dilatatus, limbi lacinice 
exteriores laterales angustse, patentes, postica fornicata, erecta, interiores laterales 
breves, postice conniventes ; labellum majus, bilobum. Filamentum brevissimum, 
carinatum, anthera incurva basi bicalcarata terminatum. Ovarium inferum, tri- 
loculare. Ovula in loeulorura angulo centrali plurima, horizontalia, anatropa. 
Stylus fibformis ; stigma globulare, perforatum. Capsula trilocularis, locubcido- 
trivalvis. Semina plurima, arillata.— Herbse Nepalenses ; radice e tuberibus fas- 
ciculate, caule erecto, folioso, spica subcapitata, bracteata. Endl. 



Roscoea purpurea ; spica brevi sessili pauciflora intra foborum vaginas inclusa, 
labello obovato profunde bilobo, caule gracili, foliis lanceolatis angustis- 
sime acuminatis. 

Roscoea purpurea. /. E. Smith, Exot. Bot. v. 2. p. 97- t. 108, and in Linn. 
Trans, v. 13. p. 460. Royle, III. Himal. Bot. t. 89./. 3, (not of Hook. Exot. 
El. t. 144, nor of Rose. Monandr. PI. t. 86, nor Lindl. Bot. Reg. 1840. 
t. 61.) 



Reared from tubers sent to the Royal Gardens, from Khasya, 
in North-eastern Bengal, by Dr. Hooker ; and these specimens 
(flowering in September 1851) exactly correspond with drawings 
made by that naturalist on the spot. They sufficiently accord 
with the original B. purpurea of Sir J. E. Smith, to satisfy us 
that it is identical with that species ; whereas, further north, in 
Sikkim-Himalaya, Dr. Hooker detected and drew and transmitted 
living plants to Kew of what has been called JR. purpurea by us 
(in ' Exotic Botany '), by Mr. Roscoe (in his fine work on Mo- 
nandrian plants), and by Dr. Lindley (in ' Botanical Miscellany '). 
All the plants of these authors agree in being larger and stouter 
than the one now before us, with swollen stems and ovato-lan- 
ceolate approximate leaves, and flowers of a pale lilac-purple, 
with a very large and broad lip, nearly entire at the apex. We 
hardly dare venture to assert that the two kinds are truly 
distinct, though I am disposed to think them so : but whether 
species or varieties, our present plant, now we believe first 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1852. 



reared in England, is the same with the original B. purpurea, 
Sm., and as such it is here figured. 

Descr. From a fasciculated cluster of tuberous roots arises a 
slender leafy stem, about ten inches long, slender, leafy, and 
clothed with the striated sheaths of the leaves, which latter are 
sessile, lanceolate, striated, and acuminated into a very fine 
narrow point. From two to three terminal, membranous, elon- 
gated, floral, sheathing bracteas, the flowers arise, altogether of a 
full purple colour. Tube of the perianth exserted. Superior 
lobe erect, fornicate: two inferior ones linear-oblong, patent; 
lateral ones short, connivent within the superior ; lip large, de- 
flexed, obovate, with two indistinct lateral lobes near the base ; 
the apex deeply two-lobed, the lobes obtuse. Anther large, 
curved, with two conspicuous spurs at the base. Style passing 
between the two cells of the anther and terminating in a globose 
stigma, perforated and ciliated at the top. W. J. H. 

Cult. The Scitaminea are chiefly natives of India, and most 
of the species that have been introduced into this country 
require a warm stove; this Himalayan species, however, is 
sufficiently hardy to thrive in a cool pit, protected from frost. 
After the decay of the stems, the underground tuber-like rhizome 
remains in a dormant state during the winter. At this season 
the soil in the pots should be kept just sufficiently moist to pre- 
serve the tubers from shrivelling. Early in the spring these 
should be repotted in fresh soil, consisting of a mixture of light 
loam and peat, little or no water being given till they begin to 
grow, and then but sparingly ; for being of a soft fleshy nature, 
the tubers are liable to rot off through any excess of moisture. 
J.S. J 



Fig. 1. Tube of the perianth, with two lateral lobes, stamen, and stigma. 
Ovary and base of style : — magnified. 



4-631. 




Tab. 4631. 

IMPATIENS fasciculata. 

Fascicle-flowered Balsam. 



Nat. Orel. Balsamixe.e. — Pentandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Fide supra, Tab. 4615.) 



Impatiens fasciculata; erecta glabra, foliis oppositis sessilibus Ianceolatis 
setaceo-serratis acutis basi utrinque calcaratis supra sub lente scabris, pe- 
dunculis axillaribus solitariis v. geniinis longitudiiie foliorum, sepalis apice 
callosis lateralibus linearibus falcatis posteriore rotundato-ovato, calcare 
longissimo filiformi, petalis anterioribus maguis semiovatis hinc lobatis pa- 
tentibus. 

Impatiens fasciculata. Lam. Encycl. v. 1. p. 359. Wight et Am. Prodr. II. 
Penim. Lid. Or. p. 138. Wight, Ic. Plant. Lid. Or. v. 3. p. 2. t. 748. 

Balsamina fasciculata. De Cand. Prodr. v. \.p. 686. 

Impatiens setacea. Colebr. in Hook. Exot. II. v. 2. t. 137. Miq. PI. Ind. Or. 

(M. Nilagiri) ed. R. I. Hohenacker, 1851. n. 1139. Walp. Annal. v. 1. 

p. 475. 

Impatiens heterophylla. Wall, in Pox. II. Ind. (ed. Wall.) v. 2. p. 458. Cat. 
n. 4748 a. 

Balsamina heterophylla. Bun. 



Seeds of this pretty Balsam were sent by Mr. Thwaites, from 
the hilly country of Ceylon, to the Royal Gardens of Kew, 
where the plants blossomed in the summer of 1851. The name 
"fasciculata " is not a very appropriate one ; for though some 
of our wild specimens have the peduncles in opposite pairs, and 
hence appearing somewhat fasciculate, other specimens are not, 
and our cultivated plants had them invariably solitary in each 
axil. The genus or family is described as being destitute of 
stipules ; but in the present species, unnoticed as far as I am 
aware by authors, yet figured by Dr. Wight's artist, is a remark- 
able deflexed and very conspicuous spur at the base of each side 
of the leaf and decurrent with the stem, which I can look upon 
in no other light than as a stipule. The plant is found in a great 
part of the continent of India, as well as in Ceylon, appearing 
all over the peninsula in marshy grounds, decorating them, as 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1852. 



Dr. Wight says, with its large showy pink flowers. Colebrooke 
gathered it in Sylhet; Dr. Griffiths in Khasva ; and Drs. Booker 
and Thomson along the whole Himalayan range. 

Descr. An erect, soft, succulent-stemmed plant. /.< 
varying a good deal in width, always mure or less lanceolate, 
acute, serrated with setaceous teeth, pale beneath. Pedmchi as 
long as the leaves, slender, patent, each bearing a single pale 
blush -coloured flower sprinkled in the centre with dark purple 
and yellow dots. Calyx and long filiform 8pm tinged with 
green. Anterior petals spreading like two broad wings, semi- 
ovate, and with a lobe on one side. 8pm enrved, sometimes 
almost as long as the peduncle. W. .1 II 

Cult. This species requires the same kind of treatment, in 
every respect, as Impatiens cornigrra, Tab. 1628 : and being of 
the same nature, we fear it will he difficult to retain it as a garden 
plant, otherwise than by yearly importing fresh seeds from Ceylon. 
./. S. 



Tab. 4632. 

ECHINOCACTUS longihamatus. 

Long-hooked Echinocactm. 



Nat. Ord. CactejE. — Icosandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4124.) 



Echinocactus longihamatus; subglobosus viridis 13-angulatus, costis validis 
subacutis, areolis magnis oblongis breviter lanatis in tuberculis magnis ro- 
tundatis remotis positis, aculeis extends 9 rectis radiantibus, internis 4 vali- 
dioribus, 3 superis erectis striatis, centrali longissimo planulato hamato. 
Salm-Dyck. 

Echinocactus longihamatus. Galeotti in Pfeiff. Abbild. v. 2. t. 16. Salm-Dyck. 
Cactece in Hort. Dyck. cult. p. 28 et 152. 

Echinocactus hamatocanthus. " Muhlenpf. A. G.Z. 1846,^9. 371." 



We heartily wish all species of Cactaceous plants were as readily 
distinguished, and as easily defined in words, as is the present 
remarkably fine and handsome one : — remarkable in the very 
prominent ridges, the large and regularly arranged spines, the 
central one very long, flattened, and hooked at the end, and 
handsome in the size and colouring of its flowers, both in the 
bud and when fully expanded. It is a native of Mexico, and 
appears to have been introduced to our collections by M. Galeotti. 
It flowers with us in the Cactus-house in July. 

Descr. Our flowering specimen is nearly globose, and almost 
a span high, deeply furrowed with about thirteen prominent, 
moderately acute ridges, whose edge is waved by the projecting 
tubercles in which the areolae are slightly sunk. These areola: 
are large, oblong, lined with short, dense, dark-coloured wool, 
from which proceed about twelve or fourteen long and strong 
spines, bright red when young, afterwards brownish-grey, tinged 
with red, especially at the base; most of them are radiately 
spreading, the outer ones the slenderest, the central one is 
remarkably long, four inches in length, flattened, deflexed, and 
curved into a hook at the extremity. Flowers large, handsome, 
between three and four inches long, and as broad from tip to tip 
of the petals. Calyx-tube dark green, studded with roundish scales, 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1852. 



red in the middle, white at the margins ; these scales gradually 
pass into bright yellow petals, with a deep red blotch towards 
the apex, the innermost oblong-spjuimlnte, acute or apiculate, 
only slightly tinged with red at the tip. Stamens numerous, 
yellow, crowded beneath the stigma, and scarcely longer than 
the tube of the flower : rays of the stir/ma ten to twelve, linear, 
pale yellow, spreading. W. J. H. 

Cult. This species, like its allies, inhabits dry places, often 
enduring great heat and long drought, and at times deluged with 
rain ; but, owing to the nature of the soil and situation of the 
plant, the water passes off so rapidly that but little reaches the 
soft fibrous roots. In order to cultivate these plants successfully, 
we must endeavour to place them under conditions as nearly re- 
sembling those here described as the nature of our climate will 
permit. Many species of Echinocactea will endure a low tem- 
perature, even to freezing, without being injured; but in this 
country it is necessary to grow them under glass. As stated at 
Tab. 4417, it is not generally important as to the kind of soil in 
which Cadets are grown if it be not retentive of water. A mix- 
ture of light loam and leaf-mould, with a small portion of lime- 
rubbish nodules, is suitable for most of them. The gGneral 
practice is to grow them singly in pots, but where circumstances 
permit we would plant them on artificial rockwork within the 
house, exposed to the full influence of the sun, and so arranged 
as to allow all superfluous water to pass off quickly. A few 
inches' depth of soil will be sufficient for the roots. By this 
method the soil can be kept at a more uniform degree of 
moisture in winter; the roots being, therefore, less liable to 
injury from the frequent watering necessary in pot cultivation 
In summer, full exposure to the sun, and frequent syringing, will 
be found beneficial. J. S. 



t ti ti 




Tab. 4633. 
DRYANDRA nobilis. 

Handsome Bryandra. 



Nat. Ord. Proteace^e. — Tetrandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Ckar. (Fide supra, Tab. 4317.) 



Dryandra nobilis ; ramis villosis, foliis petiolatis elongato-linearibus, lobis isos- 
celo-triangularibus submucronato-acutis decurrenti-subconfluentibus mar- 
gine recurvis supra laevibus glabris subtus plurinerviis reticulatis cano- 
tomentosis, capitulis lateralibus (seu ramo brevi terarinalibus), involucri 
foliolis exterioribus foliaceis serratis interioribus membranaceis oblongis 
recurvis intus glabris striatis capitulo muito brevioribus, calyce supra basin 
glabrum lanato laminis sericeis apice barbatis, stylo prselongo glabro, stig- 
mate cylindrico sulcato obtusiusculo. 

Dryandra nobilis. Lindl. Swan River Bot. p. xxxviii. n. 158. Meisn. in PL 
Preiss. v. 1. p. 592. 



Reared from seeds sent by Mr. Drummond from the Swan 
River settlement. We can scarcely doubt its being the B. nobilis 
of Lindley and of the 'Plantae Preissianae;' yet our flowering 
plant, in May 1851, was considered by Dr. Meisner (author of 
the Proteacea of the last-mentioned work) as a new species, 
which he proposed to call Bryandra runcinata. It is a really 
handsome shrub. 

Descb. Our plants have attained a height of about four feet 
(they reach seven feet, according to Preiss), and are erect, much 
•branched; the branches woolly, copiously clothed with leaves 
a span or more long, spreading, recurved, hard, coriaceous, pe- 
tiolate, pinnatifid almost to the midrib ; the lobes ovate, acute, 
runcinato-recurved and very decurrent, tipped with a mucro; 
the leaves are dark green above, and glabrous, below veiny and 
white with dense compact tomentum. Capitula large, yellow, 
on short lateral branches. Outer leaves of the involucre foha- 
ceous, lobed or serrated. Sepals glabrous at the base, woolly 
above, bearded at the apex. Sh/le filiform, much longer than 
the sepals. Stigma elongated, nearly cylindrical. W. J. H. 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1852. 



Cult. A woody greenhouse plant, belonging to a tribe of 
plants that were at one time in high favour with cultivators. Of 
late years, however, they have fallen in estimation, owing partly to 
the belief that they are short-lived, and partly to the introduction 
of more showy plants. That they are short-lived, if not pro- 
perly treated, is true j but in the Royal Gardens may now be 
seen plants fifty years old, and many above half that age. At 
Tab. 4528 we have described the method of cultivating Protectees 
practised by us for many years past. The present plant is 
grown in light loam, mixed with a small portion of sharp sand. 
On shifting it into a larger pot or tub, we invariably keep the 
ball of earth an inch or more (according to the size of the plant) 
above the surface of the new soil : this is of importance for 
prolonging the life of the plant, as it prevents any excess of 
moisture lodging around the base of the stem. In summer care 
must be taken not to allow the direct rays of the sun to strike 
against the sides of the pot; for the heat transmitted to the 
inside destroys the tender spongioles of the roots, and the plant 
flags and dies. /. S. 



Fig. 1. Flowers :• — magnified. 



£-634- 




Tab. 4634. 
ECHINOCACTUS rhodophthalmus; 

var. ELLIPTICUS. 

Red-eyed Echinocactus ; elliptical variety. 



Nat. Ord. Cacte^e. — Icosandbja Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4124.) 



Echinocactus rhodophthalmus. (For specific character and description, see 
Tab. 4486.) 

Var. ellipticus ; basi contractus ; spinis rubescentibus. 



It was not till all the plates were worked off for publication 
that we ascertained that this Mexican Echinocactus was speci- 
fically the same as that we have given at our Tab. 4486, differing 
almost solely in its smaller size, more elliptical form, i. e., with 
the base contracted instead of spreading so as to give a conical 
form to the stock, and in the redder colour of the spines. We 
can only consider it as a variety of a groupe of plants which is 
very apt to sport. W. J. H. 

Cult. This is a variety of the species figured at Tab. 4486, 
and will succeed if treated in the manner there described. J. S. 



Fig. 1. Cluster of spines, separated from the plant, and very slightly 
magnified. 



march 1st, 1852. 



+635. 




Tab. 4635. 
ARAUCARIA columnaris. 

Pillared Araucaria. 



Nat. Ord. Conifers. — Dicecia Monadelphia. 

Gen. Cliar. Mores dioici. Amenta staminigera terminalia, solitaria, cylindrica, 
saepe elongata, nuda v. perulis inclusa. Stamina plurima, axi inserta, imbricata • 
filamenta horizontalia, linearia, compressa, apice in connectivi processum squa- 
maeformem subcoriaceum lanceolatuin incurvatum producta; anthem loculi 
12-20, e connectivi basi biseriatim penduli, cylindrici, filamento paralleli, ante 
anthesin inflexi, postice rima longitudinali ape'rti. Amenta seminifera solitaria, 
terminalia, nuda. Squama plurima;, ebracteatce, axi insertae, dense imbricata?, 
apicem versus incrassatae et in mucronem subfoliaceum producta?. Gemmula 
sub quavis squama unica, eidem prope apicem lata basi inserta, inversa, atropa, 
integumento exteriore squamae faciei toto adnato locidum solo apice hiantem 
formante, basi ad chalazam in lobulum brevem alaeformem liberum producta, 
nucleo intra loculum libero, vertice breviter exserto. Strobilus globosus, e 
squamis incrassatis, lignescentibus, densissime imbricatis, plerisque gemmulaa 
abortu sterilibus, ab axi solvendis. Semina sub quavis squama solitaria, inversa, 
intra loculum ex integumento exteriore lignoso, cum squama concrete formatum, 
basi in lobulum brevem alaeformem productum apice hiantem hilo lato inserta, 
libera, vertice brevissime exserto, integumento proprio membranaceo. Embryo 
in axi albuminis carnosi antitropus, ejusdem longitudine, cotyledonibus 2-4 semi- 
cylindricis, radicula cylindrica, infera. — Arbores excelsa, ramis verticillatis, gemmis 
nudis. Folia plana, sessilia, dense imbricata, utrinque prater nervum medium 
stomatum fasciis notata, v. in planta juniore lieteromorpha, a lateribus compressa; 
margme altera sursum altero deorsum spectante et in ramo decurrentia, lineari- 
falcata, acuta, rigida. Maturatio biennis. Bndl. 



Araucaria (Eutacta) columnaris; foliis adultis arete imbricatis incurvis con- 
vexis obtusis dorso carinatis, amentis ftemineis elliptico-ovatis, squamis 
dispermis coriaceis margine membranaceis supra plano-concavis aj)icibus 
sursum curvatis arete imbricatis mucrone longo reflexo terminatis. 

Dombeya columnaris. Torst. Prodr. p. 67, in part : excluding the station of 
" Norfolk Island." 

Araucaria Cookii. Br. MS. {fide B.Bon in Act. Soc. Linn. v. 18. p. 104). 
Lindl. in Journ. Hort. Soc. Bond. v. 6. p. 207. fig. D. 

Araucaria excelsa. Lamb. Pin. p. 87 (in part). Tab. 39. fig. a and c. 



In this country our first knowledge of this tree is derived from 
young plants kindly sent to the Royal Gardens in the autumn 
of 1851 by the Horticultural Society of London, and his Excel- 
lency Sir William Denison, Governor of Van Diemen's Land. 
Capt. Erskine, R.N., of H.M.S. Havannah, had recently visited 
New Caledonia and some of the adjacent islands, and had invited 
Mr. Moore, of the Botanic Garden, Sydney, to accompany 
him ; and to Mr. Moore's energy and kindness we are indebted 
for the re-discovery of this tree and for the possession oi 

march 1st, 1852. 



the appearance of those of Araucaria Cunninghami, and are very 
little different from those of A. excelsa, except that this latter is 
more regular and uniform in its whorls of branches. The young 
leaves are sparse, rather distant, four lines long, subulate, broad 
and slightly decurrent at the base, laterally compressed, ending 
in a fine sharp point or mucro, all these with a slightly down- 
ward curve ; whereas the adult leaves on the old branches and 
branchlets are densely imbricated, even to the very point of the 
branches; all are short and broadly ovate (fig. 1, 2, 4), obtuse, con- 
cave on the upper side, with a blunt or flattened, often oblique, 
ridge or carina on the underside. Male cones terminal, oblong, 
an inch and a half long, thrice as wide as the branchlet pro- 
ducing them ; the scales closely imbricated (as the leaves on the 
branches), cordato-ovate, acute, finely denticulate, bearing at the 
base ten to twelve subulato-cylindrical anther-cells. Female cones 
on short, lateral branches, apparently generally in pairs, between 
ovate and elliptical, from four to five inches long, three and a 
half to four inches broad, formed of extremely compact imbri- 
cated, broadly ovato-cuneate coriaceous scales, membranaceous 
at the margins, plane or nearly so both above and beneath, the 
apex suddenly turning up at an angle, and there thickened, and 
of an olive-green colour, under a microscope seen to be studded 
with opake resinous dots; this turned-up apex of the scale* 
is the only portion seen in the entire cone, and it suddenly 
contracts into a rather long, recurved, subulate, brown mucro. 
Lodged within the disc of this scale (forming one with the scale) 
we find two oblong seeds. W. J. H. 

Cult. It will be advisable to keep young plants of this new 
species in a warm greenhouse during winter. The few that have 
yet come under our notice appear to grow as freely as A. exceka 
and Cunninghami. Light loam, mixed with a small quantity of leaf- 
mould, suits them ; and by timely shiftings into larger pots, and 
keeping the branches free from being crowded with other plants, 
they will in a few years form graceful trees, which may be 
placed out-of-doors in sheltered situations during summer. /. S. 



Tab. 4635 exhibits a male branch, with antheriferous cones ; and a female 
branch, with fertile cones -.—natural size. Fig. 1, front, and 2, back view of 
adult leaves -.—magnified. 3. Scale from a male cone or anther -.—also magnified. 



In Araucaria excelsa these scales are very thick and woody, remarkably 
gibbous, both above and beneath ; and this structure, gives quite a different 
character to the cone from that of A. columnari.% independent of the short and 
not recurved mucro. The cones of A. Cunninghtmi are remarkable for the rich 
mahogany-brown colour: the scales have a very broad membranaceous wing, and 
there is, at the tip only, a considerable thickening both on the upper and lower 
side occasioning a flattened apex, from the centre of which the mucro seems to 
spring. 



4-636. 




Beeve &?'. 



Tab. 4636. 

OXYANTHUS tubiflorus. 

Long-jlowered Oxyanthus. 



Nat. Ord. Rubiace^. — Pentandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calycis tubus ovatus, limbus brevis, acute 5-dentatus. Corolla tubus 
longissimus./awx glabra, limbus 5-partitus regularis, laciniis oblongis acuminatis. 
Stamina 5 e fauce libera exserta ; anthera acutissimae. Stylus filiformis, apice 
clavatus, ultra antheras exsertus. Fructus bilocularis, verisimiliter baccatus. — 
Frutices Guineenses. Folia elliptica, acuminata, breve petiolata. Stipulaa oblonyo- 
tnangulares, tarde deciduee. Pedunculi axillares, racemoso-corymbosi. Be Cand. 



Oxyanthus tubiflorus; ramubs calycibus foliisque subtus obscure puberulis, 
foliis breyissime petiolatis obovato-oblongis brevi-acuminatis supra glaber- 
nmis basi inaequilaterabter subcordatis, stipulis ovato-acuminatis adpressis, 
racemis solitariis axillaribus plurifloris, calycis deatibus subulatis, corollae 
tubo foliis duplo longioribus. 

Oxyanthus tubifloras. Be Cand. Prodr. v. 4>.p. 376. 

Gardenia tubiflora. Andr. Bot. Rep. 1. 183. 

Oxyanthus speciosus. Ait. Hort. Kew. ed. 2. v. 1. p. 371. {not Be Cand. nor 
Sims.) 



Sent from Knowsley, by the late Earl of Derby, who received 
his plants from Sierra Leone. This plant proves to be the same 
as one long cultivated in the Royal Gardens of Kew, and given 
as Oxyanthus speciosus of De Candolle, in the second edition 
of the ' Hortus Kewensis,' but which De Candolle, in his ' Pro- 
dromus,' pronounces not to be his speciosus (Ann. du Mus. vol. ix. 
P- 218, and Prodr. vol. iv. p. 376), which has flowers much shorter 
than the leaves. The 0. speciosus of Sims and Lindley (Coll. 
Bot. t, 13) is the hirsutus of De Candolle. The present is a 
stove-plant, bearing its fragrant remarkably long blossoms in July. 

Descr. A moderate-sized shrub, with the young branches at 
least puberulous (as is the underside of the younger foliage). 
Leaves opposite, four to five inches long, obovate-oblong, shortly 
acuminate, penniveined, entire, glabrous especially above, the 
base somewhat cordate, but the two sides unequal. Petiole 
very short. Raceme solitary, axillary, on a very short peduncle, 

march 1st, 1852. 



bracteated ; bracteas almost cuspidate. Calyx infundibuliform ; 
portion of the tube free above the germen ; teeth short, subulate. 
Corollas with the tube white or greenish, six inches long, slender: 
limb of five spreading, lanceolate segments, an inch and a half 
long, at first white, then tawny. Filaments extremely short, in- 
serted at the mouth of the tube : anthers subulate. Ovary cylin- 
drical, surmounted by a thick fleshy disc, embracing the base of 
the style : stigma much exserted, clavate, shortly two-lipped at 
the apex. W. J. H. 

Cult. A tropical evergreen shrub, and an old inhabitant of 
the Royal Gardens. It grows and flowers freely in a warm 
stove, planted in a mixture of light loam and sandy peat-soil, 
care being taken that the pot is well drained. Being of low 
growth, it is suitable for being placed on the side-shelves of the 
stove. It is readily increased by planting cuttings under a bell- 
glass and placed in bottom-heat. /. S. 



Fig. 1. Calyx and pistil : — scarcely magnified. 2. Ovary : — magnified. 



4-637. 







Tab. 4637. 

EUCALYPTUS coccifera. 

Coccus-hearing Gum-tree. 



Nat. Ord. Mybtace^:. — Icosandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calych tubus persistens, obovatus aut globosus, cuputeformis j 
limbus operculaeformis, integer, basi circumscisse et regulariter dehiscens, deci- 
duus. Petala 0. Staminum filamenta 00, libera. Capsula 4-locularis aut abortu 
3-locularis, apice dehiscens, polysperma. — Arbores {Nova HoUandice) excelsw. 
Folia integerrima, coriacea, seepius alterna, rarius opposita, interdum in iisdem in- 
dividuis varia, paucis exceptis glaberrima. Pedunculi axillares breves, umbellam 
3-15-jloram gerentes. Operculum in nonnullis ex. cl. E. Brown (gen. rem. 68), 
duplex, exterius calycinum, interim corollinum. 



Eucalyptus cocci/era; arborescens glauca, ramis junioribus angulatis, foliis 
alternis sublonge petiolatis coriaceis punctatis marginatis planis obsolete 
penninerviis apice uncinato-acuminatissimis, corymbis terminalibus multi- 
floris (nunc foliiferis), pedicellis ancipiti-compressis, operculo hemisphaerico 
centro depresso, calyce obconico rugoso (perglauco) angulis 4 elevatis, sta- 
minibus numerosissimis flavis. 

Eucalyptus coccifera. Hook, fi I. in Lond. Journ. ofBot. v. 6. p. 478. Lindl. in 
Journ. of Hort. Soc. Lond. v. 6. p. 221 (cum ic). 



A native of Van Diemen's Land, on mountains, detected by 
the late Mr. Lawrence, who observed that the foliage was much 
infested with a Coccus, and subsequently found by Ronald 
Gunn, Esq., in whose collections it is indicated as n. 411 
and 1076. It has been, however, for many years in cultivation 
in England, as a standard, in the beautiful gardens of Mr. 
Veitch, where it forms a most graceful tree twenty feet and more 
high, and about London braving our severe winters when trained 
to a wall. Our tree flowers copiously at the beginning of winter. 

Descr. A moderate-sized tree, everywhere clothed with glau- 
cous bloom, but especially on the peduncles and flowers : young 
branches angular : the old ones terete. Leaves alternate, upon 
rather long, terete petioles, spreading, or more usually drooping, 
lanceolate, very flat, coriaceous, thickened, and somewhat red at 
the margin, the apex suddenly acuminated in a long uncinate 
march 1st, 1852. 



mucro : — both surfaces of the leaves are glanduloso-punctate and 
penninerved, the nerves rather remote, subobsolete, and meeting 
another longitudinal and still more indistinct nerve near the 
margin. Inflorescence a terminal many-flowered corymb, bearing 
one or more leaves, indicating rather axillary umbels of from 
three to five flowers, some of the leaves being abortive. Peduncles 
two-edged. Operculum short, hemispherical, wrinkled, depressed 
in the centre. Stamens very numerous, lemon-yellow. Calyx 
and fruit obconical, much wrinkled, and marked with four ele- 
vated longitudinal ridges. Style very short, sunk in the tubular 
portion of the calyx. W. J. H. 

Ctjlt. This, like most of the plants from Van Diemen's Land, 
must be treated as a greenhouse plant, but being of rapid growth, 
it soon becomes too large for the loftiest greenhouse, and, con- 
sequently, must be cut down or planted out-of-doors. If our 
winters were never more severe than the one just past, this 
would not be necessary, for when we have a succession of mild 
winters, Eucalypti sometimes attain a height of twenty feet and 
upwards, but a severe winter kills them to the ground ; it is 
therefore only in the south and western parts of England, and 
other localities favoured with mild winters, that this plant may 
be expected to attain a height that will entitle it to be called a 
forest tree ; and it would probably do so if planted in a sheltered 
situation amongst other trees. Plants of it are easily obtained 
from seeds, which, like those of Myrtacea generally, do not 
readily lose their vitality by the sea voyage. They vegetate 
quickly when placed in a moderate heat j and when they are 
about half an inch high they should be transplanted singly into 
pots ; if, however, intended for planting in the open air, it is 
very desirable that they should not be kept there long in small 
pots, for the main or tap root, by being confined, forms a spiral 
coil, which thickens with the growth of the plant, and ultimately 
proves a very insecure support to the tree, which, on account of 
its rapid growth, and the resistance of its dense foliage, is unable 
to withstand high winds. J. S. 



Fig. 1. Calyx on immature fruit -.—magnified. 



4-638 . 




Uteve W& 



Tab. 4638. 
OLEARIA Gunniana. 

Mr. Gunns Olearia. 



Nat. Ord. Composite. — Syngenesia Superflua. 

Gen. Char. Capitulum multiflorum, heterogamum }i /?or«5«« radii 1-seriatis ligu- 
latis foemineis, disci tubulosis hermaphroditis 5-dentatis. Receptaculum alveo- 
latum, planiusculum, pedunculo apice cavo obconico insidens. Involucri squama 
imbricatse, adpressse, post fructificationem patentes. Stamina radii aborliva, 
disci filamentis brevissimis donata. Stigmata disci cochleariformia. Aclienium 
cylindraceo-tetragonum, villosum. Pappus duplex, exterior brevis paleaceo- 
setosus, interior setosus longus scaber. — Frutices Novo-Hollandici facie Eurybiae. 
Folia alterna, petiolata, ovata, repanda sen obtuse dentata aut integra, supra sparse 
villosa, subtus ramique dense tomentosa. Pedunculi 1-cep/iali, rigiduli, ad apices 
ramorum 1-3. Discus ./tows. Radius albus seu carneus. 



Olearia Gunniana; fruticosa, ramis peduncuHs involucris foliisque subtus 
dense cano-tomentosis, foliis elliptico-lanceolatis brevissime petiolatis sinu- 
ato-dentatis supra glabratis, pedunculis in ramulos breves subterminalibus 
solitariis vel subcorymbosis bracteolatis, capituli radiis albis, acbeniis tuber- 
culato-punctatis. 

Olearia Gunniana. Hook. fit. MS. 

Eurybia Gunniana. Be Cand. Prodr. v. 5. p. 268. 



This is another interesting plant of Van Diemen's Land, which 
braves the cold of England, and even the vicinity of London, 
provided it be trained against a wall In such a position it has 
long been cultivated in the Royal Gardens of Kew, flowering 
copiously late in the autumn. We wish it had more beauty to 
recommend it. It was raised from seeds sent by Mr. Gunn, 
by whom, as its name implies, it was first detected. We think 
Br. Hooker has properly referred it to Olearia, and that Eurybia 
mbrepanda, De Cand., is merely one of the many forms of the 
same variable species : variable especially in the size and incision 
of the leaves, and scarcely less so in the length of the peduncles 
and the more or less crowded flowers. Sometimes the blossoms 
are as copious as the leaves. 

Descr. A moderate-sized bushy shrub, very much branched, 
ultimate branches often very short. Leaves numerous, varying 
much in length in our native specimens, from half an inch to 

march 1st, 1852. 



two inches long*, on short petioles, oblong- or linear-lanceolate, 
generally rather deeply sinuato-dentate at the margin, penni- 
nerved, the nerves deeply impressed above and there the surface 
is nearly quite glabrous, often wrinkled with reticulated veinlets : 
below, as on the branches, peduncles, and involucres, white with 
dense compact tomentum. Peduncles subterminal, on short 
branches, single-flowered, or elongated and panicled with several 
flowers or capitula, bracteolated. Involucre of several small im- 
bricated downy scales. Florets of the ray white, of the disc 
yellow. Achenium, at least of the central florets, punctato- 
tuberculate. Bristles of the pappus rough, the scales lanceolate, 
with fringed serratures. W. J. H. 

Cult. A native of Van Diemen's Land, and, like the preceding 
species, sufficiently hardy to thrive in the open air of this cli- 
mate in mild winters. It forms a low evergreen bushy shrub, 
well suited for the front row of shrubbery borders. In summer, 
when in flower, it presents a very showy appearance, which 
makes it worth while to keep a stock of young plants under 
protection to meet the casualties of a severe winter. It flowers 
freely if treated as a greenhouse plant, and is readily increased 
from cuttings. /. S. 



Fig. 1. Floret of the ray. 2.' Floret of the disc. 3. Seta and scale of the 
pappus. 



* We are not sure but that specimens in our possession, with leaves four 
inches long and one broad, belong to the same speoi< 



4-639. 




Heeve K» 



Tab. 4639. 
SARCANTHUS filiformis. 

Slender-leaved Sarcanthus. 



Nat. Ord. Orchide^. — Gynandria Monandria. 



Gen. Char. PeriantJiium explanatum. Sepala et petala suba?qualia. Labdluru 
breve calcaratum, trilobum, carnosum, cum columna articulatum ; calcare intus 
I biloculari. Columna erecta, semiteres. Anthera bilocularis. Poltinla 2, pos- 
tice lobata, caudicula glandulaque variis. — Herbae epiphytm, caulescentes. Folia 
disticha, plana v. teretia. Racemi oppositifolii. Flores spcciosi. Lindl. 



Sarcanthus filiformis; foliis tereti-filiformibus, racemis multifloris, sepalis pe- 
talisque reflexis, labello apice ovato, fauce utrinque bidentato, apice calcaris 
didymo, columna? facie glabra. 

Sarcanthus filiformis. Lindl. Bot. Reg. 1842. Misc. p. 61. 



Introduced by Dr. Wallich from India. Though the flowers 
are smaller than those of S. teretifolius, figured at our Tab. 3571, 
they are much more numerous on the stalk and more highly 
coloured ; the plant may be said to be graceful, with its long, 
slender, terete leaves and its drooping raceme. It blossoms in 
our Orchideous stove in September. 

Descr. Stem terete, branched, thicker than a crow's quill. 
Leaves alternate, a foot to a foot and a half long, equal in 
thickness to the stem and equally terete, tapering to a point, . 
fleshy, pendent. Raceme a span and more long, pendent, with 
thirty or forty small flowers, each with a very minute green 
bractea at the base. Sepals ovate, concave, acute, reflexed, deep 
chocolate-colour, with a pale green nerve and margin. Petals 
small, linear, of the same colour as the sepals. Lip white, 
tinged with yellow and purple, thick, fleshy, ovate, three-lobed, 
with an obtuse didymous spur at the base ; side-lobes small, in- 
curved, cut into two blunt teeth, the middle one acute, bent 

april 1st, 1852. 



upwards. Column large, nearly as broad as the lip, bright 
yellow, glabrous : the stigmatic surface red. Anther-case yellow. 
Pollen-masses oval. Caudicula geniculated at the base. W. J. H. 



Fig. 1. Mower. 2. Pollen-masses: — magnified. 



4-64-0. 




ILeeve JtMic-hol* "m- 



Tab. 4640. 
DENDROBIUM aqueum. 

Watery Dendrobium. 



Nat. Ord. Orchide^. — Gynandria Monandria. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4352.) 



Dendrobium aqueum; caule tereti-compresso articulato striato, foliis distichis 
ovato-lanceolatis acuminatis striatis, sepalis petalisque late ovatis acutis 
patentibus, cornu brevi obtuso, labello subrbombeo-ovato trilobo supra pu- 
bescente, lobis lateralibus parvis obtusis incurvis terrainali triangulari denti- 
culato-fimbriato nervoso disco medio excavate basin versus linea lata elevata. 

Dendrobium aqueum. Lindl. hi Bot. Reg. 1843. Misc. n. 6. t. 54. 



Our first knowledge of this plant was from the Orchids in the 
collection of the late Rev. William Clowes ; and more recently 
we have received it from Bombay, through the kindness of our 
friend Mr. Law. Both these have blossomed. The foliage is 
good, and it accompanies the flowers ; and what the blossoms 
want in colour is made up in size. 

Descr. Stems stout, jointed, compressed, striated, leafy (at the 
time of flowering), yellow-green. Leaves distichous, ovate, the 
upper ones smaller and lanceolate, all submembranaceous, sharply 
and suddenly acuminated, striated with the longitudinal nerves, 
dark green above, paler and yellower beneath. Flowers solitary, 
or two together, large, rising from the axils of the leaves, cream- 
white. Ovary club-shaped, tapering below into a peduncle. 
Petals and sepals uniform, spreading, broadly ovate, rather acute, 
nearly plane. Lip recurved from the middle, ovato-rhomboid, 
obscurely three-lobed ; two lateral lobes small, the intermediate 
one large, triangular ; the lower half has an elevated ridge, and 
under its termination a depression, and that part has a deep 
yellow blotch ; the underside is glabrous, the upper surface very 
downy and striated, the margin of the terminal lobe fringed with 
soft cilia. Column much prolonged at its base where it bears the 
labellum. Anther-case hemispherical. W. J. H. 



Pig. 1. Column and ovary. 2. Pollen-masses. 8. Front view of the lip :- 

magnifier/. 

APRIL 1st, 1852. 



4-64-1. 




Fitch, 3*1 rtTith.. 



TU^, fcKduO.,"^- 



Tab. 4641. 

BENTHAMIA fragifera. 

Strawberry-fruited Benihamia. 



Nat. Ord. Corner. — Tetrandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Flores capitati, involucrati. Calyx ovario adnatus, limbo supero 
cupulari persistente. Corolla supera, tetrapetala, calycis fauci affixa. Stamina 
4, calyci inserta, libera. Ovarium calyci iunatum, biloculare, ovulo unico pendulo 
in quovis loculo. Stylus simplex, clavatus, stigmate truncato, basi intra calycem 
disco 4-lobo cinctus. Brupce carnosas, monopyrense, omnes in quovis capitulo in 
unam quasi polypyrenam coadunatse. Pyrena ossea. — Arbores v. frutices Asia 
temperatce. Zuccar. 



B&HTKA.MIA. fragifera; foliis oblongis acuminatis subtus prsecipue pilis appressis 
nunc malpighiaceis arctissime appressis canescentibus, calycis limbo quadri- 
dentato. 

Benthamia fragifera. Lindl. Bot. Reg. t. 1579. Trans, of Hort. Soc. 2nd Ser. 
v. \.p. 457. 1. 17. Walp. Repert. Bot. v. 2. p. 435. 

Cornus capitata. Wall, in Roxb. PI. Ind. ed. Wall. v. 1. p. 434. Be Cand. 
Prodr. v. 1. p. 434. Wall. PL Asiat. Rar. v. 3. p. 10. t. 214. 



A hardy shrub, no doubt, as Dr. Lindley designates this hand- 
some plant ; but it is only in the milder regions ■ of the south- 
west of England and Ireland that we are privileged to see it 
flowering copiously and bearing its beautiful-looking fruit in the 
open air. The fruiting specimen here figured was sent from the 
Belfast Botanic Garden, in December, 1849, by our friend Mr. 
Ferguson. We have received equally fine ones from Mrs. Buck, 
of Moreton, North Devon ; and we know that at Heligan, in 
Cornwall, and at Sir Charles Lemon's, Carcleugh, the large and 
highly-coloured fruit is abundantly produced. Dr. Wallicli, who 
discovered it on Chandaghiry, in Nepal, speaks of the tree as of 
the size of an apple-tree, and covered with yellow heads of scent- 
less blossoms in June. We possess copious specimens, gathered 
by Dr. T. Thomson at Kamaon and Mussoree, by Major Madden 
at Simla, and by the late Mr. Griffith in Bootan. A second 
specks has been discovered by Dr. Siebold on mountains of 

APRIL 1st, 1852. 



Japan (B. Japonica, Fl. Jap. t. 16), only differing from this, it 
would appear, in the entire, not four-lobed limb of the calyx ; 
for assuredly the Malpighiaceous hairs on which the author lays 
stress, as characteristic of B. Japonica, are found equally on the 
present species. The fruit, tempting as it looks, is only eaten 
by the inhabitants of the Himalayan hills. 

Descr. We believe that in favourable situations this has at- 
tained in England a height of twenty feet ; more usually it is a 
low bushy shrub, copiously branched. Leaves oblong or broad- 
lanceolate, acuminate, quite entire, shortly petiolate, pubescent 
on both sides, but most so and nearly hoary beneath, with very 
close-pressed shortish hairs, many of which are Malpighiaceous. 
Peduncles terminal, solitary, bearing a dense globose head of small 
whitish flowers, surrounded by a large four-leaved involucre, each 
leaf broadly obovate, buff-coloured and subcoiiaceous, veined. 
Tube of the calyx obconical, somewhat angular by mutual pres- 
sure of the adjacent flowers. Limb four-lobed, scabrous. Petals 
four, concave, ovate. Stamens four, as long as the petals. Style 
short, columnar, surrounded by a tubular lobed and furrowed 
disc or nectary. Stigma peltate. Fruit nearly as large as a nec- 
tarine, formed of the united large acini, which exhibit their four- 
sided apices on the surface, of a deep red-orange colour. W. J. H. 



Fig. 1. Involucre and head of flowers -.—natural size. 2. Head :— slightly Mi- 
nified. 3. Flowers -.—more magnified. 4. Section of calyx, showing the nectary 
and style : — more magnified. 



4-6 4-Z. 




Tab. 4642. 

BESCHORNERIA tubiflora. 

Tube-Jlowered Beschorneria. 



Nat. Ord. Amaryllide^e. — Hexandeia Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Perigonium superum, corollaceum, profunde sexpartitum, fundo 
nectarifluum ; laciniis tubuloso-conniventibus, apice patulis, plurinerviis ; sepali- 
nis late lineari-spatbulatis, acutiusculis ; petalinis vix brevioribus, paulo latiori- 
bus, obtusis. Stamina 6, fundo perigonii inserta, aequalia, erecta, perigonio pa- 
rum breviora. Filamenta subulata, distincta, basi paulo incrassata, in alabastro 
recta. Antherce biloculares, lineari-lanceolataa, obtuso-emarginatse, basi sagittato- 
bilobae, dorso infra medium affixse, secundum longitudinem interne dehiseentes, 
demum incumbentes, mobiles. Ovarium inferum, subclavatum, obtuse hexago- 
num, triloculare; vertex liber, conicus, profunde trisulcatus; ovula in loculis 
crebra, biseriata, complanata, horizontalia, anatropa. Columna stylina erecta, 
tenuis, trisulcato-triangularis. Stigma columnse stybnse aequicrassum, indivisum, 
obtusum, papillosum. Fructus . . . — Planta acaulis. Folia radicalia caspitosa, 
anguste linearia, carinato-canaliculata, recurvata, subtilissime spinuloso-denticulata. 
Scapus erectus, longissimus, simplex. Flores per paucosfasciculato-congesti ; brac- 
teis suffulti, longe pedunculati, nutantes ; fasciculis remotk, secundis. Kth. 



Beschorneria tubiflora. 

Beschorneria tubiflora. Kunth, Emm. Plant, v.b.p. 844. 

Fourcroya tubiflora. " Kunth et Bouche, Ind. Sem. Hort. Berol. 1845." 



Imported from Mexico to the Royal Gardens of Kew, where it 
produced its Agave-like blossoms in a cool greenhouse in Feb- 
ruary 1852. Professor Kunth considers the genus to be interme- 
diate between Littcea (Agave, sect. 2) and Furcrcea, differing from 
the latter in habit, from the former in its included stamens, and 
from both in the tubular flower. 

Descr. Stemless. Leaves radical, tufted, spreading and more 
or less recurved, linear, sword-shaped, very much acuminated, 
eighteen inches to two feet long, thickened and narrowed and 
triangular at the base, minutely striated, glaucous-green, beneath 
rough to the touch, and when seen under the microscope muri- 
cated on the nerves, and sharply denticulated at the margin. 
Scape erect, in our plant four feet high, bearing a many-flowered 

vpkil 1st, 1852. 



erect raceme. Flowers fascicled, two to four from the top of a 
blunt tooth or swelling, bearing a large purple-coloured, ovate, 
membranaceous bractea. Mowers drooping. Pedicels shorter 
than the bractea, green, terete, bearing each a subulate bracteole 
at its base. Ovary inferior, oblong, six-angled, purplish-green. 
Perianth divided to the top of the ovary, into six green, spathu- 
late, nearly equal segments (brownish-purple externally), erect and 
approximating into a tube, the apices only spreading. Stamens 
six, equal, erect, rather shorter than the perianth ; filaments su- 
bulate j anthers linear-oblong, pale green. Style dilated and six- 
angled at the base ; stigma small, three-lobed. W. J. H. 



Fig. 1. Portion of the back of the leaf. 2. Pistil : — magnified. 



4-64-3. 




""SaS^ 




Tab. 4643. 
hakea myrtoides. 

Myrtle-like Hakea. 



Nat. Ord. Proteace;E. — Tetkandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char, Periantkium 4-phyllum, irregulare, foliolis secundis, apicibus cavis 
staminiferis. Anthera; immersas. Glandula kypogyna unica, dimidiata. Ovarium 
pedicellatum, dispermum. Stigma subobliquum, e basi dilatata mucronatum. 
lolhculus uniloculars, ligncus, pseudo-bivalvis, loculo excentrico. Semina ala 
apicis nucleo longiore. — Frutices rigidi, quandoque mediocres, pilis dum adsint 
medio affixis. Folia sparsa, in variis varia, nunc in eodem frutice diversiformia. 
Fasciculi v. racemuli sapius axillares, in plerisque involucrati, squamis imbricatis, 
scanosis, eaducis, rudimenta ramulorum aliquando simul includentibus, ideoque 
potnis pro gemma Jiabendis, sed genus, extra tropicum saltern, a confinibus optime 
dutinguentibus, aim notis in quibusdam vacillantibus. Pedicelli colorati, in ra- 
cemosis geminati, paribus unibracteatis. Flores parvi, albi, v. ochroleuci. Pis- 
tillum glaberrimum, stylo subdeciduo. Folliculus parietibm incrassatis. Semina 
atra, raro cinerea. Br. 



Hakea myrtoides; ramulis apice puberulis, foliis sessilibus patulis oblongo-ovatis 
coriaceis pungenti-mucronatis uninerviis (siccitate venosis) marginatis sub 
lente pilosidis, fasciculis axillaribus sessilibus, pedicellis calyce glabro stylo 
longe supcrato brcvioribus, stigmate terrainali cylindraceo, " capsula parva 
oyata turgida ecalcarata laBviuscula acuraine brevissimo adscendente, seini- 
ms nucleo angusto alato-marginato, ala terminali brevissima." Meisn. 

Hakea myrtoides. Meisn. in Plant. Preiss. v. I. p. 577. 



A native of Swan River Settlement, and raised from seeds 
sent to this country by Mr. Drummond. It is extremely dif- 
ferent from any previously-described species, but, perhaps, most 
allied to Hakea ruscifolia, La Billar. The bright-red flowers (so 
nnusual in the genus), nestled among the foliage, have a very 
pretty effect. It blossoms in the Royal Gardens in February. 

Descr. An adscendent or rather straggling shrub, a foot or 
a foot and a half in height, rigid, much branched; branches 
terete, younger ones pubendous. Leaves generally very patent 
and slightly tortuous so as to have a squarrose appearance, ovate- 
lanceolate, sessile, subcoriaceous, with very indistinct, close- 
pressed pubescence, plane, or the sides slightly recurved, the 
margins thickened and running out at the apex into a rather 

APEIL 1st, 1852. 



long pungent mucro. Flowers in axillary, sessile fascicles, red, 
handsome. Pedicels purple, thickened upwards. Sepals linear, 
their apices spathulate, recurved, orange-yellow, bearing a yellow 
nearly sessile anther in the cavity. Style very long, bright red, 
bearing at the apex an erect, cylindrical, but rather acute stigma. 
W. J. H. 



Fig. 1. Leaf. 2. Flower unexpanded. 3. Flower: — magnified. 



4-64-4- 




7. Kecv 



Tab. 4644. 
HAKEA Scoparia. 

Broom-like Hakea. 



Nat. Ord. Proteace^. — Tetrandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4643.) 



Hakea Scoparia; ramulis puberulis, foliis elongato-filiformibus semiteretibus 
mucronato-acuminatis 5-sulcatis sulcis villosis costisque obtusis ima basi 
dilatata, floribus capitatis capitulis sessilibus involucratis, pedicellis florem 
aequantibus, perianthiis glabris, stylo elongato breviore, stigmate cylindraceo. 

Hakea Scoparia. Meisn. Plant. Preiss. v. l.p. 556 {note). 



This species of Hakea is a native of the Swan River Settle- 
ment, and has been sent in seed with corresponding dried speci- 
mens (numbered 600) by Mr. Drummond. Our no. 461 and 
272 from the same collector, may be the same or varieties. It 
is evidently the plant described by Dr. Meisner in the ' Plantae 
Preissianse ' above quoted, from specimens of Mr. Drummond 
in Mr. Shuttleworth's herbarium. The author, indeed, thinks 
it possible it may prove to be a variety of H. sulcata, but to 
ns it appears unquestionably different, and the distinguishing 
characters are well pointed out by Dr. Meisner. He correctly 
observes, " Folia saepius insecti cujusdam acu hinc inde tume- 
facta legumina quaedam lomentacea imitantia." 

Descr. A small shrub, with rather tortuous terete branches, 
clothed with pale grey bark, the younger ones puberulous. 
Leaves alternate, eight to ten inches long, about as thick as a black- 
bird's quill, elongated, filiform, rigid, semiterete, rather deeply five- 
furrowed throughout their whole length, the upper furrow the 
broadest, hairy in the furrows, the apex sharply mucronate, the 
base, where inserted upon the branch, a little swollen and dilated. 
Flowers pale yellow, arranged in sessile heads, which are axillary, 

APRIL 1st, 1852. 



involucrate, involucre of several imbricated, brown, pubescent 
scales, shorter than the heads. Pedicels as long as the perianth. 
Perianth of four spathulate pale yellowish-white sepals, the apices 
concave, reflexed. Style very long, a little dilated at the apex, and 
there bearing a nearly cylindrical stigma. W. J. H. 



Fig. 1. Section of a leaf. %. A pair of flowers from a capitulum : — magnified. 



4-64-S. 




Tab. 4645. 
CCELOGYNE Cumingii. 

Mr. Cuming s Ccelogyue. 



Nat. Ord. Okchide^:. — Gynandria Monandria. 
Gen. Char. {Fide supra, Tab. 4440.) 



C(Elogyne Cumingii; pseudobulbis ovatis, foliis geminis lanceolatis 5-nerviis 
utrinque acuminatis racemo paucifloro longioribus, racemo 3-5-floro erecto 
longibracteato, bracteis convolutis, petalis lineari-lanceolatis patentibus, 
labelli trilobi lobis laterabbus rotundatis intermedio ovato acuto revoluto 
basi crispo, lamellis 3 crispis continuis. 

C(Elogyke Cumingii. Lindl. Bot. Reg. 1840. Misc. 178. 1841. tab. 29. 



Introduced by Mr. Cuming from Singapore. It first flowered 
in Mr. Loddiges' collection, and is easily cultivated, treated as 
other plants of this kind, as often detailed in these pages. Our 
drawing was made from plants which flowered in the Royal 
Gardens in September, 1849. 

Descr. A creeping Comdex produces several ovate, acuminate, 
slightly angled, and in an early stage scaly pseudo-bulbs, termi- 
nated by two lanceolate, obscurely striated, acuminated leaves, 
tapering below into more or less lengthened petioles. From 
between these the scape arises, bearing a raceme of from three 
to five moderately large flowers, not extending beyond the 
leaves. Each flower emerges from a large sheathing yellow- 
brown membranous scale, or bractea, which is eventually de- 
ciduous. Sepals and petals pure white, the former ovate- 
lanceolate, the latter linear- lanceolate, all spreading and acute or 
moderately acuminate. Lip broadly oblong, three-lobed, white 
or cream-coloured, stained with orange; the lower or lateral 
lobes involute ; the terminal one ovate or rather obovate, obtuse, 
slightly waved and crisped, especially towards the base, and 
minutely denticulate, fee disc of the lip is furnished with 
three elevated beautifully crisped lamellae, extending from the 

MA* 1st, 1852. 



base beyond the middle of the terminal lobe; and with two 
smaller scale-like crests : all these have their ends tipped with 
orange. Column elongated, dilated, and winged above. Anther 
sunk into a cavity of the clinandrium. Pollen-masses two, cleft 
behind, sessile upon the caudicle. 



Fig. 1. Lip. 2. Column and ovary. 3, 4. Front and back view of the 
pollen-masses : — magnified. 



Tab. 4646. 
PHRYNIUM SANGUINEUM. 

Sanguineous Phrynium. 



Nat. Ord. Cannacejs. — Monandria Monogynia. 



Gen. Char. Ca/^triphyllus. Corolla sexpartitae lacinite exteriores subsequales, 
interiores laterales majores, inter se subinsequales ; labellum minus, bilobum. 
Filamentum breve, in corolla? lacinia interiore laterali insertum ; anthera termi- 
nalis. Ovarium inferum, triloculare. Ovula in loculis solitaria, basilaria, cam- 
pylotropa. Stylus superne uncinatus ; stigmate incurvo, subinfundibuliformi. 
Capsula trilocularis, loculicido-trivalvis. Semina in loculis solitaria, uncinata. 
Albumen corneum. Embryo rectus, excentricus, extremitate radiculari umbilicum 
attingente, lectuli embryonalis homotropi crure altero vacuo. — Herbse perennes, 
inter tropicos Asise et America? indigence ; radice repente, foliis hnge petiolatk, 
caule nullo v. apice monophyllo aut folioso, inflorescentia radicali v. terminali, 
spicato-capitata v. laxe capitata aut paniculata. 



Phrynium sanguineum; caulescens vel scapo radicali aphyllo, foliis oblongis 
brevi-acuminatis subtus purpureis, petiolis brevibus longe vaginantibu? 
vaginis coloratis, racemo composito, bracteis bracteolisque ovato-lanceolatis 
complicatis floribusque coccineis. 

-Makanta sansjuinea. Hortul. 



From the collection of Mr. Jackson, of the Kingston Nursery, 
and a very handsome and desirable inmate of the stove it is. 
He received it from the Continent, under the name of Maranta 
sanguined ; but of what author, or where, if anywhere, it is pub- 
lished or described, I have not been able to ascertain. It is 
assuredly rather a PJm/)iium than a Maranta, and not very 
distantly removed from our Pkrynim* capital um, figured in the 
' Botanical Magazine.' That species, however, differs in the colour 
of the flowers and the leaves, in the inflorescence, and materially 
in the shape of the blossoms. The plant is handsome in its 
flowerless state, from the rich blood-colour of the long sheaths 
of the petioles, and the deep purple of the underside of the 
leaves; but the inflorescence adds greatly to the beauty, the 

MAY 1st, 1852. 



upper part of the long peduncle, the copious bracts, and 
the flowers and pedicels and rachis being alike of a rather 
bright red colour. It blossoms copiously in the winter and 
spring months. 

Descr. Stemless or caulescent. Leaves ten inches to a 
foot long, oblong, acuminate, penninerved; nerves oblique, 
dark full green above, rich purple below, on short petioles, 
which are jointed upon the long base, of which the inside 
forms a projecting membranous sheath to the scapes. Scape 
elongated, a foot to a foot and a half long, erect, terete, red 
upwards, terminated by a compound raceme, or rather compact 
panicle, of bracteated flowers. Bracteas all red, primary ones 
(at the base of the main ramifications) large, ovate, acute, con- 
duplicate ; lesser ones, or bracteoles, of the same form and colour. 
Rachis short, waft, pedicels articulated, red. Flowers red. Ovary 
small, turbinate, longitudinally furrowed. The outer sepals 
broad, ovate, obtuse, nearly equal, free to the base, erect. Inner 
sepals erect, very unequal, one of them deeply two-lobed, com- 
bined for a good part of their length from below among them- 
selves, and with the broad and flat petaloid filament and style. 
Anther solitary, lateral. Style curved. Stigma grooved. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. The same with the outer sepals removed. 3. Labellum 
partially enfolding the stamen and style. 4. One of the inner sepals, with 
stamen and style : — magnified. 



4-64-1 




Tab. 4647. 

NYMPHiEA GIGANTEA. 

Gigantic Water-Lily. 



Nat. Ord. Nymph^eacEjE. — Polyandeia Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4257.) 



Nymph.ea (jigantea; foliis peltatis cordato-rotundatis basi fere ad petioli in- 
sertionem fissis crassis remote dentatis supra (siccitate) minutissime 
elevato-puiictatis subtus rugulosis grosse elevato-reticulatis ut videtur 
coloratis, floris amplissimi calyce tetraphyllo, petaKs (ca3ruleis) numerosis- 
simis striato-venosis obtusis exterioribus obovato-oblongis interioribus 
lineari-lanceolatis, staminibus numerosissimis stigma totum tegentibus, 
filamentis brevibus omnibus filiformibus, antheris curvatis exterioribus 
apiculatis. 



During the early part of the present year (1852) seeds of an 
Australian Nymphaeaceous plant were in the hands of several cul- 
tivators in this country as a new Victoria, Victoria Fitzroy ana, with 
flowers of a " purplish-blue," from what source obtained I have 
not been able to ascertain. Those which were obligingly presented 
to us by Mr. Carter and Mr. Stokes under that name were, we 
think, not the seeds of a Victoria, but of a Nymplaa, and were 
so crushed in a letter, and sent dry, that we have no hope of their 
germinating. Now it does happen that we received during the 
past year specimens of a magnificent new fljpnpkaa from our 
friend Mr. Bidwill, gathered in the Wide-Bay district, North- 
eastern Australia, some of whose flowers certainly vie with the 
ordinary ones of Victoria reyia, being a foot in diameter, and if 
not of a purplish-blue colour, yet blue, — the blue, as it would 
appear, of the well-known Nymphm ccerulea. We are much dis- 
posed to think that this is the plant producing the seeds in ques- 
tion, and that the plant having been known to other colonists m 
Australia, the seeds have been by them sent to their friends in 
this country, under the name of Victoria Mtzroyana. Mr. Bid- 
will is too good a botanist to have done so. Be that as it may, 
we deem it a matter of duty now to lay a figure and description 
may 1st, 1852. 



of our magnificent plant before the public, and even a coloured 
figure ; for so beautifully are the specimens dried by our valued 
friend and correspondent, that we think we cannot err much on 
that point. And sure we are that, even should all the seeds 
above alluded to fail to germinate, or prove to be those of 
another plant, our Nymplicea gigantea will ere long find its way 
into our tropical tanks, and adorn them with a Water-Lily little 
inferior to the royal Victoria in the size or beauty of its flowers, 
and with leaves equally remarkable in size, for a true Nymplicea, 
being eighteen inches to two feet across. 

Descr. A tuber which we have lately received from Mr. Bid- 
will for cultivation, but unfortunately dry and dead, is about the 
size of an ordinary apricot, and nearly as globose, having nu- 
merous depressions or eyes, like the " eyes" of the potato, witli 
a scale at each depression. The leaves of our dried specimens 
are eighteen inches across, nearly orbicular, but longer than 
broad, with a deep fissure at the base, the margin remotely 
toothed, the substance very thick, and when dry coriaceous; the 
upper surface green, rather obscurely reticulated, the whole 
surface appearing minutely dotted with raised points : beneath 
purplish ; the principal veins, very thick and prominent, radiate 
from the insertion of the petiole, and form elevated irregular 
hexagonal reticulations all over the under surface, which surface 
is everywhere minutely wrinkled. Petiole nearly an inch across, 
terete, full of air-cells (as shown at fig. 1) ; its attachment to the 
leaf is within, or at a distance from, the base of the fissure, and 
thus constitutes a peltate leaf. Flower twelve inches in diameter 
(in a dried state). Calyx of four leaves, or sepals, as long as the 
petals, broadly ovate-oblong, obtuse, green or purplish -green ; one 
has the two margins and another one margin petaloid. Petal* 
blue, very numerous, spreading, the outermost the largest (a few of 
them herbaceous at the back down the centre), obovate-oblong, that 
is, broadest above the middle, striated with veins, the inner ones 
rather shorter than the outer, linear-lanceolate, all of them ob- 
tuse. Stamens exceedingly numerous, more so than I have seen 
in any Nymphaeaceous plant, forming a dense mass around and 
over the stigma; filaments filiform, short, incurved (none of 
them petaloid); anthers all perfect, linear, yellow, singularly 
curved, falcate; those in the centre obtuse; outer ones apiculatc 
by a slight prolongation of the connectivum. Stigma so covered 
by the copious stamens that the structure cannot be seen with- 
out destroying the specimen. — Enough is here shown in proof 
that the species is very distinct from any of the hitherto known 
blue Water-Lilies, or of the genus. 



Fig. 1. Transverse section of the petiole. 2. Portion of the underside of the 
leaf at the insertion of the petiole : — natural she. 



4-64.8. 




Tab. 4648. 

RHODODENDRON ciliatum ; £. roseo-album. 
Fringed Rhododendron ; rose-white variety. 



Nat. Ord. Ericaceae. — Decandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4336.) 



Rhododendron ciliatum; ramulis pedunculis pedicellisque. piloso-hispidis, 
foliis elliptico-oblongis subcoriaceis acutis ferrugineo-pilosis ciliatis demum 
glabratis snbtus lepidotis, peduncidis terminalibus umbellatis 2-6, calycig 
pilosissimi lobis amplis ovato-rotundatis subfoliaceis, corolla? campanulatse 
tubo inferne angustato limbo amplo 5-lobo, filamentis (10) basi pilosis, 
stylo gracili, capsula brevi crassa calyce duplo. longiore 5-loculari infra 
apicem contracta. 

Rhododendron ciliatum. Hook.Jil. Rhod. of Sikkim-Himal. p. 26. t. 24. 

£. floribus majoribus, corollis albis roseo-tinctis. (Tab. Nostr. 4648.) 



It is scarcely two years since the seeds of this Rhododendron 
were received from Dr. Hooker, and already (March 7, 1852) 
six plants of it have produced flowers while only seven inches 
high, and many others are showing blossoms. Their flowering 
has given us peculiar pleasure, as the first of the Sikkim- 
Himalayan Rhododendrons which have done so ; and on another 
account. From more than one quarter hints have been thrown 
out that the author of the work above cited has used some 
freedom in going beyond nature in the size and colouring of the 
flowers. Such gratuitous statements, from very incompetent 
judges, are contradicted by the first species that has blossomed ; 
for assuredly our cultivated R. ciliatum far excels in size of the 
corolla, and delicacy of tint, Dr. Hooker's original figure. Even 
were the reverse the case, it would be no proof of any inaccuracy 
in Dr. Hooker's figures, for no intelligent traveller in Sikkim 
can fail to observe how liable the flowers of all the species of 
Rhododendron are to vary in size and colour (nor are the leaves 
more constant) : in the present instance the difference is so 
great, though there cannot be a question of t lie identity of 

may 1st, 1852. , 



species, that we feel ourselves, as it were, compelled to make it 
a variety. The corollas are nearly, if not quite, double the size 
of the native plant as seen by Dr. Hooker, and instead of being 
of a uniform lilac-purple colour, they are of the most delicate 
white, tinged with red-rose colour. In all other respects the two 
plants perfectly agree. It is a native of wet rocky places (rarely 
in woods) of Sikkim-Himalaya, in the Lachen and Lachoong 
valleys ; elevation 9-10,000 feet. It may be expected to be hardy 
therefore ; and, indeed, we may observe, that young plants of 
nearly all our species from Sikkim-Himalaya have passed this 
winter in the open air, simply surrounded by a bank of earth 
a foot and a half high. B. Dalhousite alone has failed in such 
a situation, and in many cases we know that it has equally 
failed under glass. E. ciliatum has been kept in a cool green- 
house, and has certainly the merit of being a ready flowerer, and 
that at a very early age. 

Descr. Even in its native country this species does not seem 
to attain a height of more than two feet, growing in clumps, and 
yielding a faintly resinous and agreeable odour. The whole 
plant, but especially the younger shoots, are more or less pilose 
with long ferruginous hairs. The leaves, two to three inches 
long, eventually become glabrous on the upper surface ; beneath 
they are clothed with minute ferruginous scales. Floioers ter- 
minal, arising from a scaly imbricated bud. Peduncles rather 
stout, very villous. Calyx large, almost foliaceous, cut nearly to 
the base into five almost rounded, spreading, obtuse lobes, villous 
on the outside. Corolla campanulate, but with the tube subin- 
fundibuliform ; very large in proportion to the leaves, in its 
native country usually of a uniform lilac-purple : with us of the 
most delicate white, tinged with as delicate a rose-colour, espe- 
cially at the back of each lobe. Stamens included ; filaments 
hairy at the base ; anthers father small, purple. Ovary oblong, 
contracted at the apex. Style declined, longer than the stamens. 
Stiyma five-lobed, peltate. 



Fig. 1. Stamen. 2. Calyx and pistil. 3. Section of ovary : — Mayuified. 
Fruit : — natural size. 



4-64-9. 




Tab. 4649. 

JASMINUM NUDIFLORUM. 

Naked-flowering Jasmine. 

Nat. Ord. Jasmines. — Diandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Flores : Calyx campanulatus, 5-8-lobus, dentibus nunc brevibus 
nunc subulatis. Corolla bypocraterimorpha ; tubo tereti; limbo piano, 5-8 -par- 
tito ; lobis obliquis, per sestivationem contortis. Stamina 2, tubo adnata, inclusa. 
Ovarium bilobum. Stylus simplex, apice bilobus. Bacca didvma, loculis 
1-spermis (in /. dispenno solum dispermis). Semina erecta, exafbuminosa. — 
Frutices plerique gerontogei, dumosi aut scandentes. Foba opposita, rarius altema, 
omnia composita, petiolo nunc medio articulato et foliolum unicum gerente, nunc 
foliola plura numero imparia 3-7 gerentia et tunc ideo folium trifoliatum aut 
imparipinnatum. Paniculse pauci- aut multijiora. Coxo\\?& fiavce aut alba, scepe 
extus rubentes. 



Jasmtnum uudijlormn ; ramis angulatis vimineis, fobis hysterantheis trifoliolatis 
glabris (ciliatis), fobolis ovatis acutis, floribus (luteis) solitariis basi squa- 
matis, calycis laciniis linearibus herbaceis, corollas limbo 6-lobo obtusis- 
simo. Lindl. 

Jasminum nudiflorum. Lindl. in Journ.'of Hort. Soc. v. l.v. 153. Bot. Reg. 
1846. £'48. 



One of the many interesting discoveries in China of Mr. 
Fortune on his first visit to that country, though not then a new 
discovery ; for, according to Dr. Lindley, it had been distributed 
in a dried state from the Imperial Russian Chinese Herbarium 
under the erroneous name of /. annulare, a species of the Cape 
of Good Hope, with white flowers growing on the peduncles in 
threes. 

When first described by Dr. Lindley, in the valuable journal 
of the Horticultural Society of London, it was considered a 
valuable greenhouse plant, a winter bloomer, and continuing in 
flower for a length of time. But in the * Botanical Register' the 
further information was given that it was likely to prove hardy ; 
for " this species," writes Mr. Fortune, " was first discovered in 
gardens and nurseries in the north of China, particularly about 
khanghae, Loo-chou, and Nanking. It is a very ornamental 
dwart shrub, and I have no doubt of its being perfectly hardy in 

may 1st, 1852. 



this country (England). It is deciduous; the leaves falling oft' 
in its native country early in autumn, and leaving a number of 
large prominent flower-buds, which expand in early spring, often 
when the snow is on the ground, and look like little primroses." 

Nothing can be more accurate than this statement. The shrub 
proves perfectly hardy ; it flowers in the middle of winter (our 
drawing was made from a plant on the open wall in December, 
1851), and the fallen blossoms on the frosty and snowy ground 
look like primroses. It is to be regretted that the foliage, 
scanty at best, does not appear at the same time with the leaves. 
Our specimen, not fully developed, was drawn in April. The 
plant is, like other Jasmines, easily propagated by layers or 
cuttings. 

Descr. A twiggy shrub, from four to eight feet high, with 
long, opposite, dark-green branches, exactly quadrangular, the 
angles somewhat winged. Leaves opposite, petiolate, trifoliolate. 
Petiole rather shorter than the leaves. Leaflets ovate, the middle 
somewhat obovate, acute, glabrous, ciliated. Flowers lateral, 
opposite, solitary, arising from scaly buds, on short rather thick 
petioles. Scales ovate-acuminate, tinged with brown. Calyx 
with a short tube, the limb cut into six, spreading, linear, acute 
segments. Corolla full yellow, hypocrateriform ; the tube slightly 
widened upwards ; limb spreading horizontally, of five, obovate 
or obcordate, slightly-waved segments. Stamens two, inserted 
above the middle of the tube of the corolla, and quite included. 
Filaments very short. Anthers oblong-sagittate. Ovary globose. 
Style longer than the tube of corolla, a little thickened upwards. 
Stigma globose, emarginate. 



Fig. 1. Peduncle, calyx, and pistil. 2. Tube of the corolla laid open: — 
magnified. 



4-650. 




Tab. 4650. 
MEDINILLA Sieboldiana. 

Siebold's Medinitta. 



Nat. Ord. Melastomace^.— Octandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4533.) 



Memnilla Sieboldiana ; glaberrima, ramis teretibus ad nodos stuposo-barbatis, 
foliis oppositis breviter petiolatis (petiolis crassis) elliptico-ovatis conaceis 
basi acutis apice brevissime acuminatis quinquenerviis supra saturate 
viridibus subtus pallidis, paniculis tliyrsoideis terminalibus pedunculate 
nutantibus, floribus tetrameris, calycis tubo globoso, limbo brevissnno 
eroso, antheris basi bilobis dorso inferue calcaratis. 

Medinilla Sieboldtiana. "Planch, in Van Houtte, M. des Serres, v. 5. t. 482." 
Walp. Ann. Bot. v. 2. p. 604. 



A native, it is said, of the Moluccas, whence it appears to have 
been introduced to the Belgian gardens by M. Van Houtte, and 
through that channel to our stoves in England. It forms a hand- 
some shrub, with large dark green leaves, and drooping racemes 
of waxy rose-coloured flowers, having dark purple anthers. Our 
increased intercourse with the Malay Archipelago has been the 
means of adding considerably to our knowledge of the species 
of this fine genus. Twenty-four species are enumerated in 
Walpers' ' Repertorium/ and eleven additional ones are given m 
the « Annates' of the same author— thirty-five in all. Most of 
them are described in Blume's Mus. Bot. Lugd. Bat., a work ot 
great value to the student of the botany of the Dutch possessions 
in the Malay Islands. For the mode of cultivation, see under 
our Tab. 4569.. With us this species flowers in the spring, and 
continues long in blossom. . 

Descr. Our plant is between three and four feet high, 
shrubby, with the stem and opposite branches quite terete ; the 
branchlets only are here and there seen to have an indistinct 
angle. At the nodes of the stem and branches, between the 

June l ST> 1852. 



petioles of the leaves, is a dense tuft of soft spicules of a dirty 
brown colour. Leaves (on short thick petioles) four to five or 
six inches long, coriaceous, glabrous, between ovate and ellip- 
tical, quite entire, acute at the base, shortly and suddenly acumi- 
nate at the apex, strongly five-nerved ; nerves very prominent 
beneath, where the colour is pale green, while it is dark green 
above. Peduncle terete, as long as the finger, and, together 
with the thyrsoid panicle of flowers, drooping. Pedicels about 
as long as the calyx, which latter has the tube nearly globose, 
fleshy, pale rose ; the very short margin or limb erect and erose. 
Petals four, spreading, broad-ovate, acute, rose-coloured. Stamens 
eight, pointing and spreading to one side : f laments subulate, 
white, curved : anthers also subulate, deep purple, wrinkled on 
the upper side : at the base above formed into two incurved 
lobes, below furnished with a straight spur. Ovary combined 
with the calyx : style curved, subulate : stigma obtuse. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Stamen : — maynifed. 



4-6 



£1. 




Tab. 4651. 

GUICHENOTIA macrantha. 

Large-flowered Guichenotia. 



Nat. Orel. Lasiopetale/e — Pentandkja Monogynja. 

Gen. Char. Inflorescentia axillaris, racemosa. Bracteola hypocalycina per- 
sistans, 3-partita. Calyx petaloideus, persistens, carnpanulatus, quinqueparUtos ; 
laciniis testivatione valvatis, dorso demum trieostatis. Corolla pdala 5, hypogyna, 
calycis laciniis alterna, minima, squauneibrmia. Stamina 5, hypogyna, petalw 
opposita ; filamenta subulata ; antiera extrorsa?, biloculares, linean-lanceolata;, 
dorso inserts, loculis latere utrinque rima longitudinal! dehiscentibus. Ovarium 
sessile, quiuqueloculare, loculis intus densissime toraentosis. Ovula in loculis 5, 
an-ulo centrali subbiseriatim inserta, adscendentia. Stylus filiformis, brews; 
stigma simplex. Fructus . . . .— Frutex comment, in Nova Hollandia wxadfintaL 
indiyenm; foliis brevissime petiolatis, ternato-verticillahs, linean-lanceotatis, pen- 
uiuerviis, inteyerrimis, maryine revolutis, supra pubescent ibus, subtus dense yrwo- 
tomentosis, stipulis nuliis. Endl. 



Guichenotia macrantha; pedunculis elongatis 2-8-flora, bractcis 2-3 jjafiari- 
bus alternis a nore remotiusculis, capsulis intus glabnusculis. Cure**. 

Guichenotia macrantha. Turczan. Act. Soc. Moscov. v. 19. No. 1- }>■ 600. 
in Lehm. Plant. Preiss. v. 2. p. 362. 



A singular-looking, rather than beautiful hoary shrub, with 
large purplish flowers, at first sight not unlike those of some 
SoFanL /native of Swan River, whence seeds have been sent by 
Mr. Drummond to Kew, and reared in 1847. Our hrst flowen 
appeared m March, 1852, in an ordinary greenhouse lhe genus 
Guichenotia, so named by M. Gay in compliment to the gaule u 
of M.Baudin's expedition, M. Antoine Gmchenot was found I 
upon the G. letifolia, equally with this an mhab.tant of tl n 
Swan River district, and is described by Mr. Turczanmo on 
Mr. Drummond's dried specimens. It is an extremely distract 

Descr. The shrub is with us two and a half feet high erect, 
branched. Branches terete, clothed with stellated down Leaves 
downy, whorled in threes, linear-oblong, on very short prfotcs, 

•HNE 1ST, 1852. 



entire, penninerved, the nerves almost at right angles from the 
costa, transverse, slightly branched ; the margin revolute. Pe- 
duncles axillary, generally longer than the leaf, erect, few-flowered ; 
flowers one to three, drooping. Pedicels naked, or bearing one 
to two lanceolate, distinct bracts: the hypocalycinal bract tri- 
partite, appressed, leafy, veined. Calyx between rotate and com- 
panulate, dull and pale purple, downy, veined, the five lobes 
acuminate. Petals five, small, squamiform, dark purple, one 
at the base of each stamen. Stamens converging into a cone 
against the pistil : filaments subulate : anthers dark purple. 
Germen ovate, acuminate, downy. Style articulated upon the 
ovary, about equal to it in length, slender, subulate. Stigma 
obtuse. 



Fig. 1. Flower with the calyx removed. 2. Stamen and petal. 3. Pistil: — 

'magnified. 



4-6 5 Z. 




Tab. 4652. 
BRACHYSEMA lanceolatum. 

Lance-leaved Brachysema. 



Nat. Ord. LeguminosjE. — Decandma Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 44 81.) 



Bkachysema lanceolatum; foliis oppositis (rarissime alternis) ovatis ovato- 
lanceolatis lanceolatisve mucronatis integerriniis supra siccitate minute 
reticulatis subtus ramisque argenteo-sericeis, petiolis brevissimis, stipulis 
minutis subulatis coloratis, raceuiis subcouipositis axillaribus folio breviori- 
bus, calyce sericeo, alis vexilloque carina dimidio brevioribus. 

Bhachysema lanceolatum. Meisn. in Lelim. Plant. Preiss. v. 1. p. 24. v. 2. 
p. 206. Walp. Repert. Bot. v. 5. p. 422. 



Our last representation of a Brachysema from Swan River 
(Tab. 4481) was of a very handsome species, and a very singular 
one, destitute of foliage. Our present is also a handsome one, and 
its beauty is enhanced by the good-sized almost polished leaves, 
dark green above, beautifully silky beneath. It is, equally with 
the former kind, a native of Swan River, and was raised from 
seeds sent home by Mr. Drummond, in the Exeter Nursery of 
Messrs. Lucombe, Pince, and Co., where it flowered for the first 
time in February, 1852. It is one great charm of the Australian 
plants that they so generally flower when there is little else to 
enliven the conservatory, and this cannot fail, on that account, 
to be very acceptable to cultivators. Dr. Meisner had evidently 
very imperfect specimens to describe from, for he was ignorant 
of the colour of the corolla, which in the living and in the dried 
specimens of Mr. Drummond is of the richest scarlet ; and lie 
describes the flowers as solitary. Yet he has contrived to form 
three varieties. The leaves are certainly variable in form, even 
on the same individual branch. 

Descr. A handsome though somewhat straggling shrub, with 
terete, silky branches, and usually opposite leaves, from two and 
«wi 1st, 1862. 



a half to three inches long, shortly petiolate, varying from ovate 
to lanceolate, rarely obtuse, usually acute and mucronate, quite 
entire, penninerved, the upper surface dark green, and when dry 
beautifully and minutely reticulated. Petioles at most two lines 
long, with a subulate, coloured stipule on each side, eventually 
probably deciduous. Flowers four to six, on a sessile subcom- 
pound raceme in the axils of the leaves, and shorter than the 
leaves. Bracteas ovate, acute, silky. Pedicels short. Calyx 
large, ovate, five-lobed ; lobes acuminate, erect. Corolla, all at 
least that is distinctly visible, rich scarlet; for the aim and 
vexillum are scarcely protruded beyond the calyx, while the 
carina is twice the length of the latter. The small vexillum is 
cordate, attenuated, yet obtuse, white at the margin, red in the 
disc, with a large yellow spot in the centre. Stamens ten, free. 
Ovary oblong, silky. Style subulate-filiform. Stigma obtuse. 



Pig. ]. Vexillum. 2. One of the alae! 3. Carina. 4. Stamens. 5. Pistil :- 
magnified. 



4-6 o 3. 




Tab. 4653. 

ACACIA Cycnorum. 

Swan River Acacia. 



Nat. Ord. LEGUMiNOSiE. — Polygamia Polyandjua. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4306.) 



Acacia (Pulchellse) Cycnorum; ramulis hirsutis, spinis axillaribus subulatis 
sacpe deficientibus, pinnis unijugis, petiolo brevissimo submutico, glandula 
obsoleta, foliolis 3-7-jugis linearibus margine revolutis subciliatis, capitulis 
globosis. Bentk. 

Acacia Cycnorum. Benth. in Hook. Lond. Journ. Bot. v. 1. p. 388. Meisn. in 
Lehm. Plant. Preiss. v. 1. p. 22. Walp. Repert. Bot. v. I. p. 908. 



Of the genus Acacia, reduced as it is by the removal of 
numerous species to other genera, Mr. Bentham has, in his 
valuable Memoir on Mimosea, enumerated no less than 340 
species in the first volume of the ' London Journal of Botany,' 
published in 1842; and many have since been added. These 
he has, with much skill and judgment, divided into six series, 
and those into sections. Of these, the first three series, con- 
taining 228 species, belong to Australia, and of them 204 are 
phyllodineous species, that is, they have the leaves reduced to 
leaf-like petioles. The third series of the genus, " PulchelltB" is 
characterized by being "unarmed, or furnished with axillary 
spines ; the leaves bipinnate ; the inflorescence capitate or spi- 
cate and simple; the capitula or spikes axillary, arising from 
a bracteated bud or gemma." Here eleven species are enume- 
rated, including the present one. A. Cycnorum, as its name im- 
plies, is an inhabitant of the Swan River settlement, where it 
appears to be common ; and Meisner gives two varieties : but 
Mr. Bentham is rather inclined to think that this ought to be 
considered, along with //. hsiocarpa and A. hispidimma, among 
the varieties of A. pidchella of Mr. Brown. Be that as it may, 
!t is a very handsome plant, and deserves a place in every grecn- 

JCNS 1st. IRKS 



house or conservatory where early flowers are required. Oar 
flowering specimen was sent in April, 1852., by Messrs. Lucombe, 
Pince, and Co. (Exeter Nursery), who raised it from Mr. Drum- 
mond's seeds. 

Descr. Shrub two to three feet high, with rather slender and 
scattered terete green branches, clothed with somewhat dense 
spreading hairs. Spines none in our specimens. Leaves alter- 
nate, bipinnate. Petiole very short, without gland (in what we 
have examined). BacJds hairy. Pinna two pairs ; the lower pair 
each with three, the upper with four, pairs of small oblong 
leaflets, when dry revolute at the margin. Peduncle rather longer 
than the leaves, axillary, slender, arising from a scaly gemma. 
Head of flowers globose, rather deep yellow. Flowers crowded. 
Calyx turbinate, five-lobed, with spreading hairs in the upper 
half; the lobes short, very obtuse. Corolla four-lobed; lobes 
concave, ovate, erect. Stamens numerous. Style rather longer 
than the stamens. 



Fig. 1. Portion of a stem, with leaf and capitulum. 2. Flower: — magnified. 



4-SS4-. 




Tkch,lelet]ith-. 



Tab. 4654. 

TRICHOPILIA suavis. 
Sweet Trichopilia. 



Nat. Ord. Okchide^;. — Gynandria Monandria. 

Gen. CJmr. Sepala et petala tequalia, patentia, angusta, Labellum magnum, 
convolutum, cum columna parallelum, 3-lobum, lobo intennedio subbilobo plani- 
usculo, intus nudum. Columna teres, clavata. Clinandrium cucullatum, 3-lobum, 
villoso-fimbriatum. Anthem 1-locularis, compressa, antice convexa. PolUnia 2, 
postice sulcata, caudiculse tenui cuneatse adherentia : glandula minima. — Pseudo- 
bulbi carnosi, vaginis maculatis supertecti, monophylli, coriacei. Plores solitarii, 
axillares. Lindl. 



Trichopilia suavis; pseudobulbis rotundatis tenuibus foliaceis monophyllis, 
fohis lato-oblongis coriaceis subsessilibus, pedunculis uutantibus multifloris, 
sepalis petalisque lineari-lanceolatis undulatis rectiusculis, labello maximo 
lobis undulatis crenato-dentatis, clinandrii cucullo lobato lobis teuuissime 
fimbriatis. 

Trichopilia suavis. Lindl. et Paxt. Ft. Gard. v.l.p. 44. n. 70. 



Native of Central America, like the other two known species 
of the genus, from which this is extremely distinct, having very 
different pseudo-bulbs and leaves, and longer flowers, with the 
sepals and petals only slightly twisted. It is powerfully fragrant, 
ihe very fine specimen here figured was sent to us by Messrs. 
Lucombe, Pince, and Co., in April of the present year, 1852. 

I)escr. Pseudo-bulbs extremely compressed, almost foliaceous, 
orbicular, aggregated, bearing a solitary, broad, elliptical, cori- 
aceous leaf, contracted at the base into a short, laterally com- 
pressed petiole. From the base of a pseudo-bulb the peduncle 
emerges, and is pendent, bearing three or more large and highly 
fragrant floicers, bracteated at the insertion of each flower; 
bracteas ovate, thin, membranaceous, white, streaked with 
brown. Ovary long, clavate, angled, pale green. Sepals and 
petals spreading, white or cream-coloured, lanceolate, acuminate, 
pearly straight or only slightly twisted. Up very large, pro- 
jecting forward, white or cream-coloured in its ground-colour ; 

HNE 1st, 1852. 



the lower half or claw is convolute upon the column, but enlarged 
suddenly upwards so as to constitute a funnel-shaped petal, with 
a very large oblique limb ; this limb is three-lobed, spotted with 
pale purple, yellow in the throat, the lateral lobes waved and 
crenated, the middle lobe very large, slightly deflexed, emarginate 
or retuse at the apex, the margin crisped and crenulate. Column 
very long, terete, expanding at the apex in front into a large 
convex fleshy stigma, and bearing at the back of the anther a four- 
lobed hood, each lobe beautifully fringed with long cilia. Anther- 
case helmet-shaped, acuminated. Pollen-masses on a narrow 
cuneated caudicle, with a small gland at the base. 



Yig. 1. Column, with portion of the corolla and of the ovary. 2. Anther- 
ease. 3. Pollen-masses : — magnified. 



4-6'Sfj 




Tab. 4655. 
PODOCARPUS NERIIFOLIA. 

Oleander -leaved Podocarpus. 



Nat. Ord. Taxine^;. — .Dkecia Polyandiua. 



Gen. Char. Mores dioici, v. rarius monoici. Amenta mascula cylindrica; sti- 
pitibus antberarum lobos polliniferos duos marginales extrorsum dehiscentes 
gerentibus. Mores fmmlnei subsolitarii (in spica abbreviata), v. rarius laxe 
spicati; squamula fructifera testa3 seminis inversi omnino adnata. Fructus 
drupaceus, subglobosus. — Arbores v. arbusculas plerumque procera, lignum durum 
et utilem prccbentes. Folia vel sparsa, linearia, nervo medio donata ; vel quinque- 
fariam imbricata aid distiche patentia enervia ; vel opposita, ovata, nervo medio 
destituta. Testa Integra membranam internam seminis ad maturitatem usque 
tegens. Br. 



Podocarpus neriifolia ; foiiis sparsis lanceolatis acutis uninerviis coriaceis mar- 
gine paulum revolutis, amentis staimnigeris elongatis axillaribus solitariis 
basi involucrato-bracteatis, pedunculis foemineis axillaribus subunifloris lon- 
gitudino receptaculi oblongi superne oblique lobati basi bractea subulata 
uncinata suft'ulti. 

Podocaupus nereifolia. Bon in Lamb. Pin. ed. 1. v. 2. p. 21. Brown in Ilorxf. 
Jav.p. 4-0. Endl. Conif. p. 215. 

Podocarpus maoropbylla. Wait. Cat. n. 6052 A. 



With us this forms a good-sized greenhouse shrub or small 
tree, with very copious dense evergeen foliage, and in a state of 
fruit really handsome from the copious purple-red fleshy recep- 
tacles of the seed, which are produced in the winter months. 
The species is a native of Nepal, and was many years ago 
introduced to the Royal Gardens by Dr. Wallich. It appears to 
be a mountain plant, and it is not impossible but it may prove 
hardy enough to bear the open air, against a wall. It is with us 
treated like the Australian and New Zealand plants. The female 
flowers appear very apt to coalesce, and the receptacles then to 
bear two berries ; and even when there is one, the receptacle 
seems to be often unnaturally enlarged, and to be much de- 
formed. The male amenta are described from Dr. Wallich's 
Juxe 1st, 1852. 



dried specimens in our herbarium. The female fructification is 
produced in the winter months, and attains the appearance and 
size of the fruits represented in our figure. The fleshy recep- 
tacles are said to be eaten by the Nepalese. 

Descr. Our plants are from six to seven feet high, much 
branched, the branches copiously furrowed from the decurrent 
petioles. Leaves scattered, approximate, sometimes appearing 
verticillate in whorls of three to five, narrow, lanceolate, acute, 
coriaceous, the margins slightly revolute, dark green above, pale 
and slightly glaucous beneath, below tapering into a very short 
decurrent petiole. Male amenta axillary, sessile, solitary, cy- 
lindrical, slender, an inch or more long, arising from a cup- 
shaped scaly involucre. Anthers numerous, imbricated, two- 
celled, much acuminated, at length reflexed. Peduncle of the 
female solitary, axillary, single-flowered, about half an inch long. 
Beceptacle of the fruit oblong, fleshy, soon enlarging, especially 
in breadth, with an oblong depression at the top, and variously 
lobed on each side, from pale yellow-green becoming orange-red, 
at length deep purple, slightly glaucous, bearing a small subulate 
recurved bractea at the base. At the apex it bears an obovate 
glaucous-green seed. Sometimes two or more receptacles grow 
from the same peduncle, and such a one we have seen to be 
proliferous at the extremity. 



Tig. 1. Peduncle, with female fructification. 2. Peduncle, bearing a double 
receptacle and two seeds : — magnified. 



4-656, 







Tab. 4650. 
BERBERIS Wallichiana. 

Br. Walliclts Berberry. 



Nat. Ord. Berberide,e. — Hexandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. (Fide supra, Tab. 4308.) 



Berberis Wallichiana; ramis angulatis, spinis tripartitis elongato-subulatis, 

foliis fasciculatis oblongo-lanceolatis rigidis glabris spinuloso-serratis, pedi- 

cellis axillaribus aggregatis unifloris folio brevioribus. 
Berberis Wallichiana. Be Cand. Prodr. v. I. p. 107. Wall. Plant. Mat. Rar. 

v. 3. p. 23. t. 243. Spreng. Syst. Veget. v. 2. p. 120. et cur. post. p. 138. 

Walp. Bepert. Bot. v. 1. t. 104. Lindl. et Paxt. Fl. Gard. v. 1. p. 12. et 

p. 79. fg. 58. 
Berberis atro-virens. Don, Gard. Diet. v. I. p. 117. 



Originally detected near the summit of the mountain Sheopur, 
Nepal, by Dr. Wallich, after whom the species is appropriately 
named by M. De Candolle. By Mr. Veitch it has been intro- 
duced to our Gardens, through his zealous collector, Mr. Thomas 
Lobb, and, about the same time, by Dr. Hooker from Eastern 
Himalaya. It is a most ready flowerer, producing blossoms m 
April, when not more than eight or ten inches high in small 
pots ; but in its native country the plant attains a height ot trom 
six to eight or ten feet. As far as our experience goes, and that 
of Messrs. Veitch, this species may be expected to prove hardy, 
and thus add another interesting flowering shrub to our arboreta. 
The Mage a good deal resembles that of the Fncgian Bert). ?/?- 
cifolia, figured at our Tab. 4308 ; but the inflorescence is very 
different. 

Descr. An upright-growing shrub, in its native country at- 
taining a height from six to ten feet. Branches long and spmy. 
Spines three-quarters of an inch to an inch long, deeply tri- 
partite ; segments equal in length, slender but rigid, subulate. 

July 1st, 1852. 



Leaves in alternate fascicles, evergreen, two to three inches long, 
nearly sessile, spreading or recurved, lanceolate, sinuato-serrate, 
penninerved, the serratures and apex tipped with harsh spiny 
points. From the centre of the fascicle of leaves spring the ag- 
gregated peduncles of drooping flowers, six to eight or more in a 
cluster. Pedicels slender, simple, bracteated at the base, bearing 
a single, rather large, bright but palish, yellow Jlower. Calyx of 
many, nine to twelve or more, spreading, rounded, concave 
sepals, the three outer slightly tinged with red. Petals six, 
erect, rounded, concave, resembling the inner sepals, but smaller, 
and a little retuse at the apex, obscurely veined. Stamens six, 
their structure as in the genus. Filaments simple, held back in 
the hollow of the petal, for a time, by two oblong glands, which 
are an enlargement of the base of two of the veins of the petal. 
Ovary oblong-cylindrical. Stigma nearly sessile, large, flat, but 
umbilicated in the centre. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Petal and stamen. 3. Pistil: — magnified. 



4657. 




Y H.?.f ■ 



Tab. 4657. 
RHODODENDRON lepidotum. 

Scaly Rhododendron. 



Nat. Ord. Erice^e. — Decandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. (Fide supra, Tab. 4336.) 



Rhododendron lepidotum; fruticulus ramosus, totus lepidotus, squamulis al- 
bidis ferrugineisve, foliis obovatis lanceolatis oblongisve apiculatis breve 
petiolatis pallide viridibus, pedunculis terminalibus solitariis 2-3-nisve 
erectis, sepabs 5 foliaceis obtusis, corolla? flavidse v. purpurea? tubo brevi 
mflato lobis patentibus late ovatis, staminibus 8 filamentis ciliatis, ovario 
5-loculari, stigmate brevi decurvo. Hook. Jil. in Journ. Hort. Soc. lotid. 
v. 1. pp. 80, 104. 

Rhododendron lepidotum. Wall. Cat. n. 758. Bon, Gard. Diet. v. Z.p. 845. 
Be Cand. Prodr. v. l.p. 724. Royle, III. p. 260. t. 64. /. 1. Hook. jil. 
in Sikkim Mod. Conspect. p. 6. 

Rhododendron elaeagnoides et R. salignum. Hook. Jil. Sikkim Mod. t. 23, right 
hand jig. 1, 2, and left hand jig. 1. 

Rhododendron obovatum. Hook. jil. Sikkim Ehod. Conspect. Spec. p. 6. 



The purple-flowered state of this very variable species of 
Rhododendron blossomed freely in April, 1852, in a cool green- 
house of the Royal Gardens. The seeds were sent from Sikkim- 
Himalaya by Dr. Hooker, under the name of R. elaagnoides, 
and as such this is figured in the work on the Rhododendrons, 
with dark purple flowers, and also with deep. yellow flowers, 
looking like those of some Helianthemum. In that work, how- 
ever, the author alludes to its close affinity, as well as that of 
R. salignum, with the R. lepidotum of Wallich (only known to 
us from dried specimens) ; and a further examination has satis- 
fied him that they and his R. obovatum can in no way be speci- 
fically distinguished from authentic specimens of lepidotum. He 
has therefore, in the 'Journal of the Horticultural Society of 
London/ united them. 

' The species abounds/' Dr. Hooker says, " at an elevation of 
j uly 1st, 1852. 



Eastern Himalaya of from 14,000 to 15,000 feet; but may be 
found as low down as 8000 feet, in moist valleys, forming a 
stout tortuous stock : the branches, as thick as a crow's quill, 
rather scattered, bearing tufts of branchlets at the top. It is a 
slender or stout twiggy shrub, one to four feet high, branching, 
often growing in widely extended clumps, as heather does with 
us, but never so extensively ; and it emits in sunshine a powerful 
resinous odour. Leaves of a pale glaucous green, lighter under- 
neath, and sometimes ferruginous where the scales abound, one- 
half to one and a half inch long. Flower-stalks more or less elon- 
gated, one and a half to two inches long, slender. Corolla 
yellow or dirty purple, half an inch across the lobes, scaly, espe- 
cially on the outside of the tube ; the upper lobes are spotted 
with green. — The odour of this plant is strongly resinous, and 
rather sweetish and pleasant. Its common native name is 
Tsaluma, or Tsuma, amongst the Bhoteas." Hooh.jil. 



4658. 




Tab. 4658. 

COSCINIUM FENESTRATUM. 

False Calumba-root. 



Nat. Ord. Menispermace.e. — Dkecia Hexandria. 

Gen. Char. Coscinium, Colebr. (char, reform.) Mores dioici. Masc. Sepala 
9-12, circa receptaculum cylindraceum ternatim imbricata, subsequalia, vel 3-6 
ext. interdum paulo minora, omnia ovata, valde carnosa, extus tomentoso-pilosa, 
int. demum rotato-expansa. Petala nulla. Stamina 6, biserialia ; filamenta car- 
nosa, 3 ext. libera apice reflexa, 3 int. in summo receptaculi imo coalita, erecta ; 
anthem seriei ext. 1-lobae, introrsa3, int. 2-loba3, lobis sejunctis utrinque laterali- 
bus, omnibus ovatis apice rilamenti semi-immersis, 2-loculatis, 2-valvatis, valvis 
in septo rima verticali hiantibus. F(EM. Stamina sterilia 6, hypogyna. Ovaria 3, 
valde sericea. Stylus tenuis. Stigma recurvum. Brupa 3, vel abortu pauciores, 
globosse, carnosse, tomentosse, monopyrenre. jVkr ossea, crassa, ovata, dorso con- 
vexior, sutura peripberica vix conspicue 2-valvaris, ventre condyle-* interno 
magno globoso foraminibus 2 prope hilum perforato instructa, 1-locularis. Semen 
loculo conforme, meniscoideo-globosum, facie interna valde cavum. hitegumentum 
tenue, membranaceum, reticulatum, in plicis albuminis insinuatum. Embryo fere 
rectus, paulo curvatus, inversus, intra albumen amplum carnosum quasi bilami- 
narem inclusus; lamina externa simplici tenuissima, interna valde crassa et in 
lamellas plurimas seu lobos transversos convoluto-plicatos profundissime rumi- 
nata, superficie hinc bullata ; cotyledonibus tenuissime foliaceis oblongis profunde 
sinuato-laciniatis lateraliter divaricatis et in locellis sejunctis intra laminas utnn- 
que positis, radicula supera brevi terete ad hilum spectante multo longionbus.— 
Prntices scandentes, insulis India? Orientalis indigence ; folia longe petiolata, peltata 
vel palmata, 5-1-nervia, crasso-eoriacea, supra glabra, subtus tomentosa ; race- 
mus (J supra-axillaris, petiolo brevior ; flores minuti, sessiles, in capitults pedioi- 
culatis omnino cano-tomentosis dense aggregates. Miers. 



Coscinium fenestratum. 

Coscinium fenestratum. Colebr. in Lmn. Trans, v. 13. p. 65. Walp. llepert 

Bot. v. 1. p. 95. 
Pereiria medica. Lindl. Fl. Med. p. 370. 
Menispermum fenestratum. Gartn. Fruct. v. \. p. 219. /. 46. Be Cand. Prodr. 

v. 1. p. 451. Roxb. Fl. hid. v. 3. p. 809. 
Cissampelos convolvulacea, a et 0. Moons Cat. p. 70. 
U'ennewelle, or Wenneieelle-gette, of the Cinghalese. 



We have received seeds of this plant at the Royal Gardens of 

* The condyle is an extension of the placenta, sometimes internal, but mostly 
an external feature, offering an excellent and constant genetic character of some 
importance in this family. Mien.— To Mr. Miers we are indebted for the above 
amended generic character of Coscinium, which he has prepared, with a complete 
analysis 6? figures, for his Memoir on the Menispermacae, and where the specific 
characters of three additional species will be given. Ed. 

•illy 1st, 1853. 



Kew, which are recently sown, from our valued friend Mr. 
Thwaites, of the Botanic Garden in Ceylon. These seeds were 
accompanied by a Coloured drawing of the plant, which enables 
us to give the representation of a plant of some interest in the 
Materia Medica, — the same kind of interest I mean as is felt 
in the detection of the adulteration of Tea, Coffee, Tobacco, etc. ; 
for there has been of late a very extensive importation of what 
we here term "false Calumba-root" instead of the true Calumba- 
root, Jateorrhiza joalmata, Miers (Mora of the Niger Expedition), 
Cocculus palmatus, Be Cand. (and of this work, Tab. 2970, 2971). 
Daniel Hanbury, Esq., of Plough-court, London, in a recent 
volume of the Pharmaceutical Journal, gave a history of this 
fraud on the public ; and immediately opened a correspondence 
with Mr. Thwaites on the subject of the plant in question. 
The Coscinium was scarcely known to botanists but by the 
brief description of the curious seed (curious as to internal 
structure, published by Gsertner, 1. c), and the still imperfect de- 
scription of the plant by Mr. Colebrooke in the ' Linnaean Trans- 
actions,' and Dr. Roxburgh in his c Flora Indica,' from specimens 
and information communicated to those Indian botanists from 
Ceylon by General Macdowall. A notion had prevailed, derived 
from the name of the Calumba or Columbo plant or root, that it was 
derived from Columbo in Ceylon, and a native of that island. At 
length, as shown under our Tab. 2970, 2971, it was ascertained 
that the true plant was a native of Mozambique, where it is known 
by the name of Kalumb, or Kalumba. General Macdowall then 
sent our present plant to his scientific correspondents in order to 
ascertain whether this, much celebrated in the Cinghalese Phar- 
macopoeia, was not the true Calumba-root, and for that purpose 
consigned " a pretty large bit of the root" sawed from the centre 
of a knot, to Dr. Roxburgh, that he might make experiments 
with it. Dr. Roxburgh, in a note, El. Indica, p. 811, at once 
sets the question at rest : " This is certainly not the Calumba- 
root of our Materia Medica." Nevertheless there have been 
large importations and ready purchasers for the Ceylon drug 
into England, the real properties or virtues of which (belonging 
though the plants do to the same Natural Family) are, to say the 
least, very problematical. 

It now only remains for us to give Mr. Thwaites's remarks 
and descriptions in his own words. Ed. 

"This species is very abundant near the sea-coast in Ceylon, and 
< roars also in the Central Province. The specimens from which the 
accompanying figure was taken were procured about twelve miles 
from Kandy. The Cinghalese value this plant very highly, using 
a decoction of the knotty parts of the stems (not the root*) as a 

in the 'Flora Indira' it is implied that the roots (not the stem) are era- 
ployed, as is the ease with the true Calumba-root. 



tonic and anthelmintic. The wood yields an inferior yellow 
dye." Thw. 

Some further remarks on the uses of this plant are given by 
Mr. Thwaites in a letter (dated Peradenia, August 14, 1851) to 
Mr. Hanbury, in reply to some queries of that gentleman. " The 
Menispermum fenestration, Roxb., is taken here, I am told by an 
intelligent native, mixed with other things, in a great many com- 
plaints, and applied externally in some cases, such as for weak 
eyes, etc. The mode of preparing it, is to chop up the wood at 
the knots of the stem very small, and to boil it (with other things, 
which was particularly impressed upon me) in seven measures of 
water, until they are evaporated down to one measure. It seems 
to be one of the numerous universal medicines employed here in 
any and every complaint. It is quite impossible to get at any 
definite information from the natives as to what particular com- 
plaints certain plants are useful in. The priests, who are the 
doctors, appear to me to mystify the poor people by directing 
them to take certain leaves and roots which it often gives them 
no little trouble to find ; and I think that the mind being em- 
ployed in the matter, as well as the bodily exercise the patient 
often takes to procure the valued remedies, and a certain mixture 
of faith, have more to do with the cure than the drugs, some of 
which are evidently perfectly valueless except to feed cattle." 

Descr. Trunk and large branches scandent, stout, thick, lig- 
neous, and knotty. The wood of a deep, lively yellow colour, and 
of a pleasant bitter taste. Leaves alternate, petioled, cordate, 
entire, five- or seven-nerved, smooth and shining above, very 
hoary underneath, sometimes acuminate, sometimes obtuse ; from 
three to nine inches long, and from two to six inches broad ; in 
young plants frequently peltate. Petioles shorter than the leaves, 
round, downy. JJmbellets or heads of flowers axillary, several 
from the same bud, on thick round downy peduncles of about 
an inch in length. Flowers numerous, subsessile, villous, of a 
brownish green. Sepals brown, villous ; the three interior larger, 
pale within, and reflexed. Male. Heads of flowers smaller than 
in the female plant. Stamens six; the three inner cohering 
nearly to their summits ; the three exterior nearly free, somewhat 
recurved. Fem. Sterile f laments strap-shaped, hairy. Styles 
much reflexed, becoming dark brown. Drupes nearly round, 
villous, of the size of a large filbert. As the fruit advances in 
size, the very short pedicel of the original flower lengthens into 
a pretty long, stout, cylindric, villous pedicel, ending in a round- 
headed receptacle, on which the one to three drupes are situated, 
surrounded by the permanent calyx. Thw. 

^ Tab. 4658. Branch with female heads of flowers and young fruit. Fig. 1. 
Portion of a branch, with male heads -.—natural size. 2. Male flower. 3. Fe- 
male flower : — magnified. 4. Fruits : — natural size. 



4659. 




Tab. 4659. 
DENDROBIUM Farmeri. 

Mr. Farmer s Dendrobium. 



Nat. Ord. Orchideje. — Gynandria Monandria. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4352.) 



Dendrobium Farmeri ; caulibus elongatis clavatis articulatis profunde sulcatis 
basi pseudobulbosis apice foliosis, foliis 2-4 ovatis coriaceis striatis, racemis 
lateralibus multifloris pendulis, bracteis parvis ovatis concavis, sepalis (albo- 
flavescentibus roseo-tinctis) late ovatis obtusis, petalis conformibus (ejus- 
demque coloris) majoribus, labello majore (pallide flavo disco luteo) rhom- 
boideo obtusissimo unguiculato lato supra pubescente margine denticulato. 

Dendrobium Farmeri. Paxton, Mag. of Botany, ». 15. cum Ic. 



A most delicate and lovely Dendrobium, sent in 1847 by Dr. 
M'Clelland, from the Calcutta Botanic Garden, to W. G. Farmer, 
Esq., after whom it was named. Mr. Paxton observes, that " in 
habit and appearance the plant very much resembles Dendrobium 
densijlorum" (see our Tab. 3418), " but the stems are more an- 
gular, and the flower-scape is less densely laden with bloom; 
the flowers, too, are altogether different." The flowers, how- 
ever, are more different in colour than they are in shape ; and if 
true to its other characters, there is no difficulty in distinguishing 
this species. In the stove of the Royal Gardens of Kew it flowers 
in May. 

Descr. Our plant has elongated club-shaped stems, jointed 
and deeply sulcated, growing in clusters ; at the base they swell 
out into a kind of pseudo-bulb, scarcely so large as a hazel-nut. 
The young stems bear from two to four spreading, ovate, cori- 
aceous or fleshy leaves at the top, acute, striated ; the old stems 
throw out pendulous racemes from near the summit, which exceed 
the stems in length. Floioers numerous, but rather lax. Bracteas 
small, ovate, concave. Sepals very patent, broad, ovate, obtuse, 
pale straw-colour, delicately tinged with rose. Petals of the 

July 1st, 1852. 



same colour and form, but larger, spreading. Lip moderately 
large, pale straw-colour, the whole disc orange-yellow, broadly 
rhomboid, very obtuse, downy above, the base contracted into a 
claw, and above the claw the margin is on both sides folded and 
sinuated: the base above bears an oblong flattened tubercle. 
Column very short, terminated by the obtusely conical anther- 
case : the lower part of the column is extended downwards, so as 
to form an obtuse spur to the labellum. 



Fig. 1. Side view of a column, with anther-case and labellum. 2. Front view 
of a labellum : — magnified. 



4660. 




F. Reeve, 1111 ?' 



c 

Tab. 4660. 



CEANOTHUS verrucosus. 

Warted Ceanothus. 



Nat. Ord. Khamne;e. — Pentandkia Monogynia. 



Gen. Char. Calyx 5-fidus, campanulatus, post anthesin medio circumscissus, 
basi sub fructu persistente, subadhserente. Petala 5, parva, longe unguiculata, 
fornicata, ramis 0. Stamina exserta, ante petala. Styli 2-3, ad medium coaliti. 
Bacca exsucca, 3-locularis (rarius 2-4-loc), cocculis chartaceis 1-spermis basi 
perviis latere interiore dehiscentibus. Semina ovata, sulco destituta. — Frutices 
inermes, foliis ovatis. Be Cand. 



Ceanothus verrucosus; ramis oppositis ad nodos grosse verrucosis, foliis oppo- 
sitis subrotundo-cuneatis orbicularibus v. coriaceis breve petiolatis penni- 
nerviis nitidis integerrimis vel dentatis supra glabris nitidis subtus minute 
reticulatis areolis villosulis, corymbis axillaribus, rachi nodoso-tuberculata, 
floribus pallide purpureo-cseruleis. 

Ceanothus verrucosus. Nutt. in Torr. et Gr. M. of N. Am. v. 1. p. 267. 



The discovery of this pretty and, as it proves, hardy evergreen 
shrub is due to the venerable Mr. Nuttall, who found it at Santa 
Barbara, Upper California. Our plants are derived from the 
Horticultural Society, who appear to have received the seeds 
from Hartweg, while he was in California, under the name of 
" C. integerrimus " but by that name he could not intend the 
plant so called of Hooker and Arnott, in the ' Botany of Beechey's 
Voyage/ The plants have borne the open air in the Arboretum 
at Kew for two winters, and flower readily in April and May. 
Our specimens have been carefully compared with Mr. Nuttall's 
original ones, and they seem entirely to agree. The foliage in 
our plants is rather larger and generally more orbicular, a change 
that may be due to cultivation ; and in both the leaves are very 
variable, even on the same specimens. Our flowers are very pale 
purplish-blue. They would appear " white" in the dried plant, 
as described by Torrey and Gray. 



July, 1st 1852. 



Descr. Our plant is nearly four feet high, much branched, 
with opposite and more or less spreading branches, which are 
terete, glabrous, studded at the nodes with two to four large, 
brown, ovate, acute, warty excrescences. Leaves opposite, and 
generally bearing a fascicle of young leaves in their axils, oval 
or cuneate, or orbicular-cuneate, or quite orbicular, almost sessile, 
very entire or more or less dentate, coriaceous, dark green, per- 
sistent, quite glabrous and glossy, and obscurely penninerved 
above, paler beneath, strongly penninerved and reticulated, the 
areola? of the compact reticulations minutely villous. Corymb 
from the apex of small lateral branches : the rachis elongated, 
fleshy, indented as it were to receive the pedicels. Flowers pale 
purplish-blue. Calyx of five erecto-connivent ovate segments. 
Pedicels unguiculate ; the lamina cucullate. Stamens five : fila- 
ments subulate, nearly erect, opposite the petals. Ovary sunk 
in a fleshy disc, and surmounted by five lobes. Style thick. 
Stigmas three, capitate. Fruit in Mr. Nuttall's specimens as 
large as a small pea. 



Fig. 1. Portion of a branch with leaves, showing the warts. 2. Flower. 3. 
Immersed ovary : — magnified. 



4661. 




Tab. 4661. 
CCELOGYNE ochracea. 

Ochre-spotted Ccelogyne. 



Nat. Orel. Orchide^:. — Gynandria Monandria. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4440.) 



C<elogyne ocliracea; pseudobulbis apice tetragonis, foliis anguste lanceolatis 
obscure 5-nerviis in petiolum angustatis racemo paucifloro apice nutante 
longioribus, labelli 3-lobi intus pubesceutis lobis laterabbus rotundatis in- 
termedio ovato acuminate- obtuso sinu denticulato integrove lamellis 2 rec- 
tiusculis integris cis medium apicem evanescentibus linea brevi elevata apice 
dentifera prope basin interjecta. Lindl. 

Ccelogyne ochracea. Lindl. Bot. Reg. 1846. t. 69. 



This, if not a very showy, is a very fragrant species of Ccelogyne, 
very common in the hilly and mountain regions of North-eastern 
India. Introduced to our collection by Thomas Brocklehurst, 
Esq., of the Fence, near Macclesfield. In the Royal Gardens it 
flowers in May, when our drawing was made. 

Descr. Pseudo-bulbs clustered, small, oblong, slightly tapering, 
compressed below, obtusely four-angled above, at the base sheathed 
by the lower portion of large membranaceous scales. Leaves 
two or three, terminating the fully formed pseudo-bulbs, lan- 
ceolate, submembranaceous, striated and subplicated, acute, 
tapering below into a long petiole, at length deciduous. The 
young pseudo-bulbs, before the leaves are developed, produce at 
the apex the nearly erect peduncle, with its raceme of seven or 
eight fragrant, white blotched with yellow flowers. Bracteas 
lanceolate, boat-shaped, membranaceous, deciduous. Sepals and 
petals subspathulato-ovate, acute, spreading, pure white. Lip 
oblong, three-lobed ; lateral lobes rounded, curved in (forming a 
concave base to the lower half of the labellum), somewhat gib- 
bous or obtusely spurred below ; middle lobe ovato-acummate, 

JULY 1st, 1852. 



reflexed: the whole is white, blotched with yellow, with two 
horse-shoe figures on the disc of the middle lobe of the lip, bor- 
dered with deep orange. The disc at the base has an elevated 
line. Column dilated upwards. Anther-case semiglobose. Pollen- 
masses four, attached to a gland. 



Fig. 1. Side view of a column and lip. 2. Front view of a lip. 3. Front 
view of a column. 4. Pollen-masses: — magnified. 



4662. 







Tab. 4662. 

IMPATIENS MACROPHYLLA. 

Large-leaved Ceylon Balsam. 



Nat. Ord. Balsamineji.— Pentandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Fide supra, Tab. 4615.) 



Tmpatiens macropliylla ; erecta herbacea simplex, foliis alternis graphs (nunc 
subpedalibus) ovatis acuminatis grosse mucronato-serratis utnmpie pilosis 
basi setis mollibus glandulosis fimbriate in petiolum longura (rubrum) parce 
setoso-glandulosum attenuatis, pedunculis unifloris axillanbus dense aggre- 
gatis petiolo brevioribus, floribus parvis luteo-roseis, sepalo supenore 
(sepalis 2 unitis) apice unguiculato mferiore cucullato glabro calcare brevi 
incurvato parcissime setoso apice inflato didymo. 

Impatiens macropliylla. Gardn. in Herb. Hook. 



We have here another of the many curious species of Balsam 
which abound so much in Ceylon, and we may say perhaps m 
the moist and mountainous parts of India generally. Our gar- 
dens are indebted for seeds of this to Mr. Thwaites, the able 
superintendent of the Botanic Garden at Peradema, who sends 
it to us from Adam's Peak (no. 436 of Mr. Thwaites dried col- 
lection), and Mr. Gardner's specimens (no. 159 of his collection) 
are from Newra Elba, at 6000 feet of elevation. We had many 
years ago, received Cevlon specimens, without any particuiai 
locality, from Mrs. General Walker. Our plants flowered at 
the Royal Gardens, in a moist but not very hot stove in tne 
early summer of the year after the seeds were sown ; and, sman 
though the blossoms are, yet their deep tawny orange-colour, 
stained with red, and the numerous long bright petioles, to- 
gether with the ample foliage, render this a handsome plant, 

Descr. Our plants attain a height of from two to three lea : 
in their native country they are probably much taller ine *« " 
is erect, straight, as thick as, or thicker than, one s linger, p • 
plish. Leaves mostly at the top of the stem, below them are tne 
scars of manv fallen ones : they are crowded, alternate oi sea 



AUGUST 1st, 1853. 



tered, large, five to six inches long (some of our native specimens 
measure nearly a foot), ovate, much and gradually acuminated, 
pilose on both sides, dark green above, paler beneath, closely 
penninerved ; the margin everywhere serrated, the serratures 
mucronate- at the base the margin is fringed with long soft 
bristles, tipped with a gland, and is gradually attenuated into 
the long, stout, bright red leaf -stalk upon which are a few 
scattered glandular setae. Peduncles axillary, aggregated (often 
densely crowded), much shorter than the petioles, single-flowered, 
having minute Iracteas at the base. Flowers small for the size 
of the plant, deep tawny orange, stained with red. The upper 
sepal is oblong, convex, red, terminated with a long claw-like 
point. The lower one, or labettum, is cucullate, the mouth ending 
in a sharp recurved acuminated point, like the mouth of a ewer : 
the spur is short, hispid, with a few long bristles, singularly in- 
curved, almost upon itself, and swollen and didymous at the 
apex. 



Fig. 1. Flower: — magnified '. 



Tab. 4663. 
DENDROBIUM transparent 

Transparent Dendrobium. 



Nat. Ord. Orchide,<e. — Gynandria Monogynia. 



Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4352.) 



Dendrobium (Eudendrobium) transparens ; caulibus elongatis teretibus articu- 
latis strictis, foliis subdistichis lineari-lanceolatis curvatis, floribus geminatis, 
sepalis acuminatis, petalis obtusis sepalo supremo paulo majoribus, labello 
obovato oblongo obscure trilobo apice recurvo undulato ciliolato intus 
striato pubescente. 

Dendrobium transparens. Wall. Cat. n. 2008. Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orchid, 
p. 79. 



Specimens in our herbarium from Dr. Wallich show that this 
is the Dendrobium transparens of that author, a native of Nepal, 
which Dr. Jindley compares with D. Pierardi, a similarity more 
apparent in the dried than in the recent state. It is a native ot 
Nepal, and probably many other parts of Eastern Bengal. Our 
plant was received among a collection of living Orchidea, sent 
to us from Assam by Mr. Simon. Few species are more 
lovely, even among the oriental Epiphytes, which are proverbial 
for their beauty over those of the New World. The ground- 
colour is a transparent white, but all the petals and sepals and 
lip are tinged with rose-colour towards the apices, and the inside 
of the labellum has a large deep blood-coloured blotch passing 
into stria? at the edges. With us the species flowers profusely 
during the summer months, and the flowers are copious on the 
stem. , 

Descr. Stems eight to ten inches long, as thick as a swans 
quill, clustered from a fibrous root, and at the root swelling into 
a kind of bulb or tuber, about the size of a pea ; striated, jointed, 
the young ones bearing a leaf at the joints, three to four inches 
long, linear-lanceolate, more or less acute, recurved, the bases 
of the leaves sheathing the whole stem, and stnated. Ine old 

august 1st, 1852. 



stems, from which the leaves have fallen, bear the flowers, two 
from each joint, spreading, moderately large. Sepals spreading, 
lanceolate, moderately acuminate, and white, tipped with purple 
rose-colour : petals the same, but broader, a little larger and 
more obtuse. Lip larger than either sepals or petals, oblong- 
ovate, tapering to its jointed base, also white; the recurved 
obtuse apex tinged with rose ; the sides (two obscure lobes) in- 
volute ; the margins waved, ciliated ; the upper or inner surface 
pubescent, with a double elevated line down the centre, and 
bearing on the white disc a large dark purple or blood-red spot, 
passing into oblique striae at the edges. Column very short, 
but the base much extended into the spur. Anther-case hemi- 
spherical, white. 



Fig. 1. Ovary, column, arid lip -.—magnified. 



*664, 




Tab. 4664. 
CEANOTHUS rigidus. 

Rigid Ceanoihus. 



Nat. Ord. Khamne.e. — Pentandkia Monogyma. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4660.) 



Oeanothus rigidus; ramis oppositis, ramulis pubescentibus subangulatis ad nodos 
grosse verrucosis, foliis oppositis subrotundo-cuneatis fere sessilibus crassis 
rigidis spinoso-dentatis supra glabris nitidis sub lente impresso-punctatis 
subtus reticulatis areolis profundis viilosis, umbellis axillaribus basi brac- 
teatis, corollis intense purpureo-caeruleis. 

Ceanothus rigidus. Nutt. in Torr. et Gr. Fl. of N. Am. v. I. jj. 286. Jonrn. of 
Hort. Soc. Lond. t. 5. p. 197. Benth. Planta Hartw. p. 302. Lindl. et 
Paxt. Fl. Gard. v. I. p. 74 cum Ic. 



We are indebted for the possession of this pretty shrub to 
the Horticultural Society of London, who introduced it to the 
English gardens through Mr. Hartweg, of whose dried collections 
it is no. 1680. It inhabits Monterey, in California. Besides 
the specimen from Mr. Hartweg, and original ones from Mr 
Nuttall, we possess the plant from Dr. Coulter, Mr. Douglas, and 
Mr. Lobb. It is far more rigid and branching even than our 
common Sloe (Prunus spinosa) ; but then the densely placed 
glossy evergreen foliage, and rich deep purple-blue and copious 
blossoms, early in May, render it a most desirable species for our 
gardens and shrubberies. Our figure is from a good-sized shrub 
vIimI. i — t j l „.:~+ — „ ,.«Ur.i.r»orl in a verv exuosed part 



AUGUST 1st, 1852. 



plant is eighteen feet high, eighteen feet wide, twelve feet deep 
(f. e. from back to front), covered with thousands of the beautiful 
thyreoid flowers, so that the leaves are hardly visible. C. rigidus 
blossomed about six weeks ago ; C. dentatus is now in full flower ; 
C. papilloms is just coming into flower ; C. azureus will not 
blossom before August." 

Desoh. Our young plants are two and a half feet high, 
scarcely half the height they may be expected to reach ; harsh, 
rigid, and very much branched, with the branches opposite, 
straight, copiously leafy : at the internodes, or setting on of the 
leaves and branchlets, are two to four stout, sharp-pointed, large, 
smooth, brown warts. Leaves invariably opposite, on very short 
petioles, nearly sessile, spreading, subrotund or subcuneate, ob- 
tuse or retuse, concave above, glossy, as seen under the lens 
impresso-punctate ; the margin beset with rather distant, short, 
spiny teeth, pale beneath, and minutely reticulated • the areolae 
deep and pubescent. Umbels, rather than corymbs, lateral or 
more rarely terminal; the rachis from which the short rays 
spring short and fleshy. Flowers of a rich purple blue ; in other 
respects exactly resembling those of Ceanothus verrucosus, figured 
m our last number, Tab. 4660. 



Fig. 1. Portion of stem-leaves and warts. 2. Flower. 3. Ovary -.—magnified. 



Tab. 4665. 
NYMPHiEA (hybrida) Devoniensis. 

Duke of Devonshire s Nywphaea ; hybrid. 



Nat. Orel. Nymbh./eace.e. — Polyandhta Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. (Fide supra, Tab. 4257.) 



NympHvEA Devoniensis. Paxton, in Gardeners' Chronicle, for Saturday, \ Oth July, 
1852. (For specific characters and synonyms of the parent species, see 
Nymphcea rubra, Tab. 1280, and N. Lotus, Tab. 797.) 

Hybrida, Devoniensis; floribus foliisque multo majoribus, calyce basi conico 
pallido, staminibus erectis. Tab. Nostr. 4665. 



For the opportunity of figuring this truly splendid plant, we 
are indebted to Mrs. Spode, the lady of Joshua Spode, Esq., 
Armitage Park, Rugely, Staffordshire, whose gardens and rare 
exotics are celebrated in the neighbourhood, and are likely to be 
still more so from the taste and skill displayed by their generous 
proprietors, and by the zeal and energy of their intelligent head 
gardener. The Nywphaacece, including the Victoria, are there 
cultivated in great perfection ; but however interesting this latter 
plant may be, and is, in size and structure, it does not surpass in 
beauty the present, which was contributed to their aquarium from 
Chatsworth : and it is this, we presume, which we find mentioned 
in the leading article of the « Gardeners' Chronicle,' above quoted. 
The writer, after recommending the advantages that might be 
expected to accrue by hybridizing aquatic plants, proceeds to 
say: "At this moment there is actually flowering at Chats- 
worth a mule produced by crossing Nymphaa rubra with 
N. Lotus. Seeds were obtained in the autumn of 1850, and 
from them, in the following summer, Sir Joseph Paxton had the 
gratification of finding himself in the possession of a most 
beautiful hybrid, which he named Devoniensis, after the Duke, 
his patron. ■ In leaf and flower it has a great advantage in point 

AUGUST 1st, 1852. 



of size and robustness of growth over either of its parents ; but 
its most valuable property is its continuing to flower the whole 
of the season without intermission. The present plant produced 
its first flower as early as the 12th of April, 1851, and continued 
to flower till the middle of October, when it was removed with a 
fine succession of flower-buds still upon the plant to its winter 
quarters. During this period it often had two expanded flowers 
and five buds in different stages of development. It produces its 
flowers quite as freely as JY. dentata*. Its beautiful colour (which 
is not quite so deep as its parent), and its large size, which has 
often been as much as eight inches in diameter, together with its 
fine leaves, which are seldom less than thirteen to seventeen inches 
across, render it one of the best Nymphaas in cultivation." 

Our living plant at Kew, the possession of which we owe to 
Mrs. Spode, as well as fine cut specimens we have received for 
figuring from Armitage, and noble fresh samples at this moment 
lying before us (July 16, 1852) sent by Mr. Davison from Sir W. 
Molesworth's tropical aquarium, Pencarron, Cornwall, amply jus- 
tify all that Sir Joseph Paxton has said above; and we trust yet 
to live to see a well-constructed tank, in which the variously- 
coloured Nelumbia and Nymphcece, now known to us, including 
the majestic N. gigantea (see our Tab. 2047), lately imported by 
Messrs. Standish and Noble, shall be suitably grouped. 

Mr. Davison observes, that with him Bevoniensis grows and 
flowers most freely, planted in rough turf taken from a pasture 
and laid in a heap one year previous to its being used, with one- 
sixth of dried cow's-dung. The water in the tank in which it 
grows is kept from 75° to 80°. 



Fig. 1. Portion of the under side of the leaf seen near the petiole ■.— natural me. 
2. Ovary and stigma with park of the ray removed: — natural*™. 8. \nther:- 

magnified. 



* The name JV. dentata is introduced here, as if it were one of the parents 
of JV. Bevoniensis, rather than N. Lotus, as previously mentioned. v - Lotus*™ 
JV. dentata are very closely allied species, if thev be really and truly distim'l. 
At our Tab. 4257 I have pointed out in the pale and depressed base of the 
calyx of JV. dentata, giving that part a somewhat conical form, what may perhaps 
prove a distinguishing mark, and that character we find in A r . Devonieneu. ■»>• 
Davison, at Pencarron Gardens, speaks of the A - h . vl,n(l 

tween A r . rubra and JV. dentata" 



4-666- 




Tab. 4666. 

PAULOWNIA IMPERIALS. 

Imperial Paulownia. 



Nat. Ord. Scrophulariace/E. — Didynamia Angiospermia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx profunde 5-fidus, laciniis crassis. Corolla tubus elongatus, 
declinatus, superne ampliatus, limbi obliqui laciniis rotundatis. Stamina basi 
declinata, dein ascendentia, quinti rudimentum nullum. ArdJierarum loculi pa- 
rallel^ apice vix confluentes. Stylus superne parura incrassatus, obtusus vol 
emarginatus, surarao apice pertusus, intus stigmatosus. Capsula lignosa, acumi- 
nata, loculicide bivalvis ; valvulis integris, medio septiferis. Placenta 2 dis- 
tinctse, compressas, medio dissepimento affixee, tandem libera?. Semina nu- 
merosissima, oblonga, ala membranacea circumdata ; testa tenui, appressa, striata. 
Embryo rectus. Benth. 



Paulownia imperialis. 

Paulownia imperialis. Sleb. et Zucc. El. Jap. v. 1. p. 27. t, 10. Paxt. Mag. 

of Bot. v. 10. p. 7. cum Ic. Benth. in Be Cand. Prodr. v. 10. p. 300. 

Walp. Repert. Bot. v. 3. p. 262 and 938. v. &.p. 745. 
Bignonia tomeutosa. Thunb. El. Jap. p. 252. 
Incarvillea tomentosa. Spreng. Syst. Veg. v. 2. p. 836. 



We have at length the satisfaction of giving a figure of this 
noble plant, the first published from flowers produced in the 
open air in England. The opportunity of doing so is afforded 
me by the kindness of the Right Rev. the Lord Bishop of 
Exeter, who did me the favour to send me two panicles from 
his favoured grounds of Bishopstowe, near Torquay. 'The 
blossoms," his Lordship writes, " are in terminal clusters ; and 
the odour (which will probably be lost when it reaches you) is 
of a very delicate violet-like character."—" But, after all, the effect 
to the eye is rather disappointing ; for the blossom precedes the 
leaves, which are not yet half out." The fragrance, so far from 
being lost on the journey, was rather increased, and the box re- 
tained the very agreeable odour some days after the flowers were 
removed. Unquestionably the absence of leaves, as the Bishop 
justly observes, is a great deficiency, especially in a plant whose 
size prevents the blossoms from being closely inspected upon the 
tree ; yet a cut panicle of these large pale violet-purple blossoms, 
as large as those of the Foxglove, with a young shoot of tender 
green leaves, is a very lovely object, to say nothing of the fragrance 
as a further recommendation. Unfortunately it is only in climates 



AUGUST 1st. ! 852. 



analogous to the south of Devonshire* where its blossoms can 
be reasonably looked for. About London we find our strongest 
and healthiest plants with their terminal shoots (which alone 
produce flowers) nipped, and more or less killed, by the winter's 
cold, or, what is worse, the biting north-east winds of spring. 
The summer-growth of this tree is almost everywhere, in the 
middle and south of England at least, remarkable : stout limbs 
are thrown out in a short time, bearing ample foliage ; but these 
limbs are soft and succulent, the later shoots incapable of bear- 
ing a moderate frost. In France, even at Paris, the wood ripens 
better. 

Although forming a tree (in its native country, Japan, thirty 
to forty feet high), and bearing flowers like a Bignonia, and with 
a foliage and habit like Catalpa, the Paulownia belongs never- 
theless to the Scrophularia family. Dr. Siebold considers it " un 
des plus magnifiques vegetans du Japon ;" and partly on this 
account and partly " parceque la feuille ornee de trois tiges de 
fleurs a servi d'armes an culcbre heros Taikasma, est encore 
aujourd'hui fort en honneur en Japon," — •" nous avons pris la 
liberte de nommer Paulownia ce nouveau genre, pour rendre 
hommage au nom de Son Altesse Imperiale et Royale la Princesse 
hereditaire des Pays Bas." 

In Japan the trunk of the tree attains an elevation of thirty to 
forty feet. Its growth in Dr. Siebold's garden has been six to 
ten feet in one year, and in three years a diameter of four to five 
inches. The flowers appear in April, and are grouped in large 
compound panicles, like those of the Horse-chestnut. It appears 
most abundantly in the southern countries of Japan, flourishing 
in the valleys and on the sides of hills exposed to the powerful 
action of the sun. 



tig. 1. Pistil. 2. Stamen. 3. Transverse section of the ovary -.— magnified. 



J^° W0UM n0t wish t0 see a Botai *ic Garden established in a climate like 
that of Bishopstowe ? There, for example, are at this moment flourishing the 
various Cahfornian species of Ceanothus (as mentioned in another part of this 
number Tab. 4664), the blue-flowered ones, no doubt, with their glossy per- 
ennial foliage, more agreeable to the eye than the Paulownia. A Eucalyptus 
(supposed to be eight years old) is twenty feet high. Jintipents Bermudiana 
(the pencil Cedar) thrives well in the open lawn. The orange-scented PMo- 
sporum, eight feet high and ten feet across, flowered at Christmas, and again more 
profusely m spring. The undermentioned trees, only two years old, have attained 
the following size : — 



Ft. In. 

Juniperus Lambertiana 6 9 

■ macrocarpa 8 

" ^ Bedfordiana 3 3 

Cryptomeria Japonica 11 r> 



Taxodium t e mp e roira u ° 

Gkamacgpatit Ihurifara .... " 
Cupresmts funebr'us * 



4-667. 




Tab. 4007. 
CURCUMA Roscoeana. 

Mr. Roscoes Curcuma. 



Nat. Ord. Scitamine^.— Monandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4-435.) 



Curcuma Roscoeana; radicibus e fibris plurirois tubenfens, tuberibus pams 
ovalibus, foliis oblongis acuminatissimis unicoloribus glabns, spica centrali 
oblonga subtetragona aurantiaca nuda, bracteis obovatis obtusissimis apice 
patentibus, anthera cristata, loculis discretis ccalcaratis. 

Curcuma Eoscoeana. Wall. Plant. As. Bar. v. 1. p. 8. t. 9. (not tab. 57, as 
quoted by Dietrich.) 



At our Tab. 4435 we have given the figure of a beautiful 
Curcuma from the Iriwaddi, C. cardata of Dr. Walhch, and sent 
by that gentleman to the noble owner of Syon Gardens. I he 
present species is equally from Syon, and derived from the same 
source. Both are indeed well figured in the splendid Plant® 
Asiatics Rariores/ and well described there lhat zealous 
botanist accurately figures the structure of the flowers, which he 
observes "is different from any detected in other species and 
in some degree invalidates the character of the genus as it now 
stands ; for the anther is terminated, as is the case m K^fena 
by a large oval crest, and its base is perfectly naked (not ending 
below in two spurs): its cells resemble those of Habemna 
being completely separated from each other by a deep and broad 
furrow, and vanishing upwards." The species is an ^abitant 
of Pegu, and the coast of Tenasserim. At Syon it flowers m 
July, and has a striking appearance, with its large spike ot bnght 
orange-red bracteas. n , . . „ . _ r._„i. 

Descr. Plant one to two or three feet high. **""* 
caudex, with many descending flres, each generally crm n tut 
with a small oval tuber. Stem formed of the ^^gJ^J; 
stalks. Leaves a foot or a foot and a half long, oblong, much 



SEPTEMBER 1ST, 1852. 



and sharply acuminated, costate, obliquely striated, uniform 
green, but subglaucous beneath. Spike erect, more than a span 
long, erect, composed of a great number of obovato-ligulate, sub- 
cucullate, deep orange-red bracteas, spreading at the apex, less 
bright and much tinged with green at the base. The hollow of 
each bractea contains two or three flowers, which are bright, but 
not very deep, yellow, scarcely protruded. Their structure as in 
the genus. Anther, indeed, very broad and villous at the back, 
ciliated at the edge, terminated by a large transversely oval or 
broad cordate crest. Style accompanied at the base by two linear 
scales. Stigma transverse, subinfundibuliform. 



Fig. 1. Flower from which the three outer segments of the corolla are re- 
moved. 2. Anther embracing the apex of the style and stigma. 



*- 6 68 







jfteeve.iBf- 



Tab. 4668. 
MECONOPSIS Wallichii. 

Dr. WallicKs Meconopsis. 



Nat. Ord. Papaverace^e.— Polyandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Petala 4. Stamina numerosa. Stylus laavis. Stujmata 4-6, ra- 
diantia, convexa, libera. Capsula obovata, 1-locularis, valvulis 4-6 apicc dc- 
hiscens, placentis tenuibus vix intus in membranulas angustas produchs.— Herbae 
perennes, succo Jlavescente fceta. Be Cand. 



Meconopsis Wallichii; elata, tota herba subglaucescens pihs longis rufescentibus 
patentissimis setosa, fobis radicalibus petiolatis pinnatis apicem versus pra- 
natifidis pinnis lobisque ovato-oblongis inciso-smuatis, caulims oblongis 
sinuato-pinnatifidis sessilibus, floribus amplis nutantibus in racemura elon- 
gatum foliosum inferne composition dispositis, corollis caeru escentibus, 
ovario elliptico dense appresse ferrugineo-setoso, stylo terete longituciine 



ovarii. 
Meconopsis. Wall. Cat. ». 8123. /3. 



A very handsome species of Meconopsis, detected in Sikkim- 
Himalaya by Dr. Hooker, who sent seeds to the Royal Gardens, 
which produced flowering plants in June, 1852. It is assuredly 
no described species, though agreeing in some respects with M.. 
Nepalensis, De Cand. (Papaver paniculatum of Don), winch Das 
yellow flowers, and a "globose capsule, as large as a garden 
cherry." It quite accords with an unnamed "Meconopsis, 
n. 8123, /3." of Wallich's Catalogue, from " Kamaon .' Vr. 
Hooker has another and apparently distinct species m his Her- 
barium, with much longer, yellow flowers, and a much more 
compound raceme, or panicle. . 

Descr. The plant, with us, grown in pots in a irame, attains 
a height of two and a half to three feet : the whole herb is pale 
subglaucous green, everywhere hispid, with long spreading tei- 
ruginose seta;. Radical leaves large, petiolatc, lyrato-pinnate, 
or pinnate below and pinnatifid above, the pinna and looes 

SEPTEMBER 1ST, 1852. 



ovato-oblong, sinuated. Stem-leaves sessile, oblong, pinnatifid. 
Flmoers large, drooping, arranged in an elongated leafy raceme, 
compound below. Peduncles and pedicels rather short, curved 
downwards, erect in fruit. Calyx of two oblong, very concave, 
deciduous sepals. Corolla of four subrotundo-obcordate, spread- 
ing, pale-blue petals, having sometimes a slight tinge of green. 
Stamens very numerous. Anthers orange-yellow, crowded so as 
to form a large ring around the style. Ovary elliptical-oblong, 
clothed with a dense mass of erect, appressed, rufous, somewhat 
plumose seta, one-celled, with six or seven parietal receptacles. 
Style cylindrical, as long as the ovary. Stigma capitate, of six or 
seven dark green, erect lobes. 



Fig. 1. Pistil. 2. Transverse section of the Otaiy : — mcupi'ifml. 



4-6 6 B 




Tab. 4669. 
CALANTHE viridi-fusca. 

Greenish-brown Calanthe. 



Nat. Ord. Orchide^e. — Gynandria Monandria. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 4541.) 



Calanthe viridi-fusca; pseudobulbis oblique lato-ovatis lobato-sulcatis, folio 
solitario lanceolato acuminato striato basi longe vaginato, scapo radieali 
glabro, spica elongata laxa multiflora, sepalis petabsque (viridi-fuscis) lan- 
ceolatis, labello erecto oblongo subspathulato columnam amplectente 3-lobo 
lobis lateralibus brevibus obtusis intermedio lato semiorbiculari mucronato, 
disco longitudinabter lamellato maculato, calcare brevi obtuso incurvo. 



A native of Assam, whence it was sent to the Royal Gardens 
of Kew by Mr. Simon. It flowered with us in April, 1852; 
and is remarkable among known species of Calanthe for the 
erect or nearly closed sepals and petals, the peculiar form of the 
lip, and the colour of the flowers. We presume it to be ter- 
restrial. The habit approaches that of Calanthe Masuca more 
than any other species. 

Descr. The pseudo-bulb is broad-ovate, spreading out most 
on one side, dark green, firm, at the base furrowed and lobed, 
the upper part more or less covered with the remains of the 
long sheathing scales of the preceding year's leaf. Leaf solitary, 
arising from an infant inconspicuous pseudo-bulb, a foot or 
more long, lanceolate, membranaceous, plicato-striate, much and 
gradually acuminated at the point, the base tapering into a very 
long petiole, which is sheathed by three or four, long, cylindrical 
scales. Scape (including the long lax spike) a foot and a half 
long, terete, glabrous, erect, arising from the base of a pseudo- 
bulb bearing brown, striated, sheathing, membranous bracteas, 
especially at the base. Spike many-flowered, bracteated ; brac- 
teas subulate, green, one under each ovary, and shorter than it. 
Ovary slender, clavate. Flowers greenish-brown, moderately 

SEPTEMBER 1ST, 1852. 



large. Petals and sepals lanceolate, nearly uniform, and, as well 
as the labellum, erect, so as almost to close over the column of 
fructification, quite concealing it. Lip broad, oblong or oblong- 
spathulate, applied to the column, but scarcely connate with it, 
which is embraced and almost included in its involute sides; 
three-lobed, lateral lobes ovate, erect, middle or terminal one a 
little reflexed, cordato-subrotund, mucronate ; the colour of the 
lip is yellowish-green, spotted or dotted in lines with purple 
within ■, and, running nearly the whole length of the disc, are 
three lamella, a little fimbriated at their termination. Spur 
short, blunt, compressed, incurved, yellow, didymous at the 
apex. Column long for the genus, semiterete, furrowed in front, 
yellowish, blotched with rose-colour. Anther-case sunk in the 
apex of the column. Pollen-masses eight, as in the genus. 



Fig. 1. Column and lip in their natural position. 2. Column. 3. Pollen- 
masses. 4. Labellum : — magnified. 



U-6 70. 




Tab. 4670. 
BRYA Ebenus. 

Jamaica Ebony. 



Nat. Ord. Leguminos^e. — Diadelphia (rather Monadelphia) Decandria. 

Gen. Char. Sepala 5, in calycem subbilabiatum 5-dentatum concreta. Petala 
5, in corollam papilionaceam disposita. Stamina monadelpha, decimo ad medium 
cagteris concrete Legumen biarticulatum, articulis monospermis dekiscentibus 
compressis, sutura superiore recta inferiore convexa, articulo sup. interdum 
nullo. — Arbores Americana, spinis stipularibus, foliis simplicibus congestis (forsart 
potius 3-foliolatis ? fobolis sessilibus). Be Cand. 



Brya Ebenus. 

Brya Ebenus. Be Cand. Trod. v. 2. p. 421. M'Fad. Fl. of Jam. p. 301. 

Amerimnum Ebenus. Sw. Prod. Ind. Oc. p. 104. Spreng. Syst. Veget. v. 3. 

p. 191. 
Pterocarpus glabra. Reich. 
Pterocarptjs buxifolius. Murr. 

Pterocarpus foliis aggregatis. Plum. ed. Burm. t. 249./. 1. 
Brya arborescens, etc. Browne, Jam. p. 299.^?. 31./. 2. 
Aspalathtjs arboreus, etc. Shane, Jam. v. 2. p. 3. t. 175./. 1. 



A well-known West Indian shrub, or rather tree, especially 
common in Jamaica, whence our plant was derived ; but it is 
little seen in cultivation, by no means so much as it deserves : 
for although in its native country it attains a height of fifteen or 
twenty feet (M'Fadyen j Sloane says forty feet), yet, cultivated m 
a pot, in a warm stove, it maintains a shrubby character for a 
very great number of years, with pretty, evergreen, box-like 
foliage, bearing copious bright orange pea-shaped flowers in the 
month of May, yielding a delicious perfume. It abounds in the 
savannas and dry hills of Jamaica, where Dr. M'Fadyen says, 
with its long twiggy branches, it reminds the traveller of the 
Broom of Europe. The wood is hard and ponderous, of a line 
greenish-brown colour, susceptible of a good polish and used 



SEPTEMBER 1ST, 1852. 



formerly to be imported into Europe : but it is extremely dif- 
ferent from the true Ebony of commerce, Diospyros Ebenus of 
Madagascar; and the trunk, rarely exceeding four inches in 
diameter, can only yield small samples for cabinet-work. " The 
slender branches," says Patrick Browne, " are very tough and 
flexile, frequently used for riding-switches, and in his days 
(days happily now gone by) generally kept at all the wharfs 
about Kingston to scourge the refractory slaves." 

Descr. A shrub or small tree, from eight or ten to forty feet high, 
with long twiggy branches, armed with short, sharp, subulate, sti- 
pulary spines. Leaves solitary or in clusters, box-like, evergreen, 
obovato-cuneate, sessile. Flowers axillary, solitary, or two or 
three together. Peduncle short, with a pair of minute, opposite, 
small bracts above or near the middle. Calyx bell-shaped, 
pubescent, obscurely two-lipped : upper lip bipartite, lower tri- 
partite ; segments ovate, acute, the lowest one spreading, the rest 
erect. Corolla bright orange-yellow. Vescillum subrotund, with 
deep purple streaks in the centre. Alee and carina oblong, some- 
what falcate, obtuse ; all the petals with short claws. Stamens ten, 
monadelphous, nearly as long as the alse. Anthers subglobose. 
Pistil hairy. Ovary oblong, of two joints., the upper side with 
an even line, below bigibbose, the upper joint tapering into a 
long subulate style : stigma a mere point. " Legumen pedicelled, 
not an inch in length, compresso-foliaceous, with the valves char- 
taceous, hirsute with minutely capitate hairs, biarticulate ; lower 
joint with the upper suture nearly straight, and the under con- 
vex; upper joint small, abortive." M'Fadyen. 



■ Fi S-}- Calyx, stamens, and pistil. 2. Vexillum. 3. One of the ate. 4. Ca- 
rina. 5. Pistil -.—all magnified. 



4- £7 4. 




!. Reeve, imp- 



Tab. 4671. 
CALANTHE vestita. 

Hairy -stemmed Calanihe. 



Nat. Ord. Orchide/e. — Gynandria Monandria, 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 4541.) 



Calanthe vestita; pseudobulbis late ovati3 subrotundatisve striatis tenui- 
reticulatis, foliis amplis glabris lato-lanceolatis acuminatis striatis, scapis 
radicalibus ovariisque molliter villosis, spica laxa pluriflora, labelli lamina 
triloba lobis lateralibus oblongis obtusis intermedio cuneato divergenti- 
bilobo inappcndiculato, calcare filiformi inflexo labello breviore. 

Calanthe vestita. Wall. Cat. n. 7345. Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orchid, p. 250; 
and in Paxt. Fl. Gard. v. 1. p. 106.,/^. 72. 



Discovered by Dr. Wallich in Tavoy j but it does not appear 
to have been introduced to our stoves till very lately by the 
Messrs. Rollison, who received it from their collector at Moul- 
mein. Of the many Indian species of Calanthe now known to 
us, the flowers of this are decidedly the largest; some of the 
pure white flowers (or with only a spot of yellow on the disc ol 
the labellum) measuring two and a half or two and three-quarter 
inches from tip to tip of the petals. The leaves, too, are broad, 
and the pseudo-bulbs often much larger than our figure represents 
them. It flowered at the Messrs. Rollisons' Tooting Nursery m 
April, 1852. It seems to have previously flowered with the 
Messrs. Veitch in 1848, when the large silver medal, the highest 
ever given in Regent-street, was awarded to it by the Horticul- 
tural Society. 

Descr. Old pseudo-bulbs broadly ovate or subrotund, some- 
times four to five inches long and seven to eight inches in cir- 
cumference, obtusely angular, partially sheathed with mem- 
branaceous scales, pale grey or ash-colour, striated and reticu- 



september 1st, 1852. 



lated, terminated with the remains of the former year's leaves. 
Leaves appearing after the flowers, two or more from a young 
pseudo-bulb, large, a foot to a foot and a half long, four to five 
inches broad, broad-lanceolate, much acuminated, membrana- 
ceous, striated. Scape radical, from the base of an old pseudo- 
bulb, a foot or more long, villous with patent hairs, bearing a 
few sheathing glabrous scales. Spike lax, bearing six or more, 
large, very white flowers. Sepals and petals much spreading, 
broad-lanceolate, very acute, nearly uniform. Lip also very patent, 
the base united to the whole length of the column, suborbicular 
in outline, but deeply three-cleft ; the side lobes oblong, obtuse, 
waved; the middle lobe broad-cuneate, again divided into two 
divaricating obtuse lobes: the disc of the labellum is orange- 
yellow and striated : the spur shorter than the lip, filiform, in- 
flexed. Anther sunk into the apex of the column, hemispherical, 
with a broad blunt projecting beak. Pollen-masses eight, co- 
hering in fours with a filiform, bipartite stalk or gland. 



Fig. 1, 2. Anther-case, upper and under side. 3. Pollen-masses : — all magnified. 



4-6' 7 Z. 




EtcIl. del et jifh.. 



T B.eev r 



Tab. 4672. 
MALCOLMIA littorea. 

Sea-shore Malcolmia. 



Nat. Orel. Crucifeb^e.— Tetradynamia Siliquosa. 

Gen. Char. Calyx tetraphyllus, foliolis conniventibus basi sequalibus vel late- 
ralibus gibbis. Corolla petala 4, hypogyna, unguiculata, indivisa. Stamina 6, 
hypogyna, tetradynama, edentula. Stigmata 2, acuminata, conniventia. Siliqua 
bivalvls, elongate, teretiuscula, valvis convexis trinerviis, placentamm prommulo, 
obtuso, septo uninervi. Semina plurima, pendula, uniseriaba, submargmata, 
kevia, funiculis liberis filiformibus. Embryonis exalbuminosi cotyledones plana, 
radicular adscendenti incumbentes.— Herbse annua in regionibiis Mediterraneis et 
Ada media indigent, erecta, ramosee, pule stellata v. setulis rigidis bi-quadrifidk 
rarius simplicibus vestitce ; foliis caulinis sparsis, oblongis, integernmis, dentatis, 
lyratis v. sinuato-pinnatifidis ; racemis terminalihus et lateralibus laxis, aphyllu ; 
floribus purpurascentibus v. albis. 



Malcolmia littorea; biennis, pube stellata cana, caule multiphci erecto ra- 
moso, foliis lanceolatis integris vel remote sinuato-dentatis sessilibus, petu- 
cellis brevissimis, stylo brevi, stigmate elongate- apice obtuso emargmato vel 
bifido, siliquis erecto-patentibus elongatis teretibus. 

Malcolmia littorea. Br. Hort. Kew. ed. 2. v. 4. j». 121. Be Cand. Syst. Veget. 
v. 2. p. 443. Prodr. v. 1. p. 187. Spreng. Syst. Veget. v. %.p. 898. Bos- 
sier, Voy. Bot. Espagne, p. 23. 

Hesperis littorea. Lam. Bid. v. 3. p. 322. 

Cheiranthus littoreus. Linn. Sp. PI. p. 995. 

Leucojum maritimum minus. Clns. Hist. v. 1. p. 198./. 2. 



Of this really beautiful hardy plant, cultivated m our gardens 
so early as 1683, no good figure has hitherto been given. It is 
a littoral plant of South Europe. Its northern limit seems to be 
Nantes, and thence it extends itself along the coasts ol Spain 
and Portugal, and the western shores of the Mediterranean. 
Desfontaines detected it in Barbary, and Broussonet in Morocco. 
In our country it is best treated as an annual. In warmer climes 
it is at least biennial, the lower part of the stems becomes quite 
woody, and then the branches are more, strictly erect, and more 

SEPTEMBER 1ST, 1852. 



numerous from one point than our figure represents them. 
Mainly on this account, as it would appear, Boissier makes two 
varieties, his var. Broussonetii, and var. alyssoides. Seeds were 
sent to us by Mr. Wellwitzsch from Portugal, and the plants bear 
their lovely flowers during the summer and autumn. 

Descr. Our annual plants (and they would hardly survive a 
winter in our climate) have erect, but flexuose, branching stems, 
scarcely a foot high, terete, hoary, as is the whole plant, petals and 
stamens excepted, with short stellated hairs. Leaves lanceolate 
or linear-lanceolate or more frequently subspathulate, tapering 
a good deal at the base, but sessile, sometimes sinuate- dentate, 
more usually quite entire. Mowers large for the size of the 
plant, in lax, terminal, many-flowered racemes. Pedicels at 
first very short, at length about equal in length to the calyx. 
Calyx narrow, oblong. Sepals linear, obtuse, quite erect, two 
of them a little gibbous at the base. Petals obcordate, clawed, 
delicate, bright, pink-purple (not albido-flavi, as De Candolle 
describes them), the lamina spreading horizontally (not veiny, 
like Malcolmia maritima, Bot. Mag. t. 166). Stamens six: the 
four longer nearly equalling the pistil ; two shorter rather longer 
than the germen. Germen cylindrical, downy. Style short. 
Stigmas two, long, linear, glandular within, and at the margin 
and apex, and united for the whole length of their faces into one, 
more or less bifid at the point. Siliqua two or two and a half 
inches long, slender, terete (not torulose), flexuose, erecto-patent, 
terminated by the style and now sharp, withered stigma. 



Fig. 1. Stamens and pistil. 2. Pistil. 



4-673. 




Tab. 4673. 
lilium giganteum. 

Gigantic Lily. 



Nat. Ord. Liliace^e. — Hexandiua Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4561.) 



Lilium (Cardiocrinum) giganteum ; elatura robustum, foliis inferioribus longe 
petiolatis amplissimis cordato-rotundatis brevi-acuminatis, supcrioribus sen- 
sim minoribus late ovatis minus petiolatis, floribus nutantibus in racemam 
longum bracteatis dispositis, sepalis obtusis apice patcntibus. 

LlLIUM giganteum. Wall. Tent. Fl. Nep. p. 21. t. 12, 13. {excl. syn) Ikem. et 
Sell. Syst. Veg. v. 7. p. 419. Spreng. Syst. Veg. v. 4. p. 342. Zuccar. in 
Sieb. Fl. Jap. v. 1. p. 35 {in note). Kunth, Enum. Plant, p. 268. 

Lilium cordifolium. Don, Prodr. Fl. Nep. p. 52. {excl. syn.) 



The discovery of this Prince of Lilies, we owe, as we do so 
much of Indian and especially northern Indian botanical novelty, 
•to Dr. Wallich*, who detected it in moist shady places on Sheo- 
pore in Nepal. "This majestic Lily," writes Dr. Wallich, 
" grows sometimes to a size which is quite astonishing ; a fruit- 
bearing specimen of the whole plant, which is destined for the 
Museum of the Hon. East India Company, measures full ten feet 
from the base of the stem to its apex. The flowers are propor- 
tionably large and delightfully fragrant, not unlike those of the 
common white Lily." Nor does it degenerate in cultivation ; 
witness the specimen from which our drawing was made, a por- 
tion of which was obligingly communicated to us through Dr. 
Balfour, by the Messrs. Cunningham, Comely Bank Nursery, 
Edinburgh, in July, 1852, accompanied by a full-length repre- 
sentation made on the spot. These showed the flowering 
plant to have attained a height of ten feet in one season j the 
flower portion occupying twenty inches. Such a raceme ot 
flowers, accompanied by leaves measuring ten to twelve inches 
long and eight inches broad, must have afforded a striking 
spectacle, and which has only yet been witnessed at the nur- 
sery just mentioned, where the plant was raised from seeds 

* Who does not, among the many friends of Dr. Wallich, rejoice to learn that 
this distinguished and most liberal botanist has been recently honoured bj his 
Danish Majesty in being made a Knight Commander of the ( Met of Dannebrog 

OCTOBER 1st, 1852. 



sent by Major Madden some five or six years ago ; but it has 
only now for the first time blossomed in Europe. The bulb 
was treated in the ordinary way without heat. Baron Hi'igel 
found the plant in the Peer Punjal pass of the Himalaya, leading 
into Kashmeer ; and we believe that Drs. Thomson and Hooker 
met with it abundantly in other portions of that vast range of 
hills. The remainder of our account shall be taken from Dr. 
Balfour's notes, chiefly drawn up from the living plant at Comely 
Bank. 

" Major Madden says the Lilium giganteum is common in 
the damp thick forests of the Himalaya, the provinces of Ka- 
maon, Gurwhal, and Busehur, in all of which he has frequently 
met with it. It grows in rich black mould, the bulb close to the 
surface, at from 7500 to 9000 feet above the level of the sea, 
where it is covered witli snow from November to April, or there- 
abouts. The hollow stems are commonly from six to nine feet 
high, and are used for musical pipes. The fruit ripens* in No- 
vember and December. 

" Descr. Stem straight, cylindrical, smooth, gradually atte- 
nuated to the apex, nearly ten feet high, five and a half inches in 
circumference at the base, green with a reddish-purple hue at the 
upper part. Leaves alternate, scattered, the internodcs varying 
in length, petiolate, broadly ovate, cordate, acuminate, shining 
dark green above, paler below, venation reticulated, haying an^ 
evident midrib, with the veins coming off from it ending in an 
intra-margmal vein ; lower leaves with long petioles, very large, 
ten to twelve inches long, eight inches broad, becoming gradually 
smaller in ascending; upper leaves small, sessile, ovate, acute. 
Pel idles of lower leaves twelve to fourteen inches long, thick, 
broad and somewhat sheathing at the base, lower surface convex, 
upper with a deep and broad furrow ; petioles of upper leaves short. 
Bracts ovate, acute, caducous, leaving a semilunar scar. Flowers 
white, with purple sheaths, greenish below, infundibuliform-cam- 
pannlate, inclined downwards, twelve on the raceme, fragrant; 
tube greenish, two inches in circumference at the base, gradually 
dilating upwards ; limb slightly revolute ; leaves of the perianth 
oblong-spathulate, three outer with slight purple streaks inside, 
three inner rather broader, with a deep purple tinge on the inside, 
and with a prominent ridge on the outside, sulcated on either side, 
and two elevated ridges on the inner surface separated by a shal- 
low groove. Peduncles round, thick, from a quarter to one inch in 
length, greenish-purple. Stamens and pistil included. Stamens 
six, three outer longer ; anther versatile ; pollen yellow. Pistil 
shorter than long stamens, style ending in a large compressed 
stigma!' Balfour. 

Fig. 1. Pistil: — natural size. 



4-£74 




1/S.ee — 



Tab. 4674. 
TACSONIA SANGUINEA. 

Blood-coloured Tacsonia. 



Nat. Ord. Passiflore.e. — Monadelpiiia Pentanbria. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4406.) 



Tacsonia (Distephana) sanguinea; foliis oblongo-ovatis subtus reticulatim ve- 
nosis simplicibus cordatisve trilobis lobis oblongo-ovatis marginibus grosse 
insequaliter sinuato-lobatis, involucri minuti bracteis lineari-acuminatis ser- 
ratis basi utrinque glandulis magnis 1-2, sepalis (tubo brevi) petalisque 
lineavi-oblongis acuininatis, corona duplici, interiore membranacea apice 
multifida, filamentis exterioribus erectis. 

Passiflora sanguinea. Smith, in Rees Ct/cl. n. 45. 

Tacsonia sanguinea. Be Cand. Prodr. v. Z.p. 334. 

Passiflora quadriglandulosa. Meyer, Essequib. p. 226. 

Tacsonia quadriglandulosa. Be Cand. Prodr. v. 3. p. 335. 

Tacsonia quadridentata ? et T. pubescens? Be Cand. Prodr. I. c. 



In July of the present year (1852) we had the pleasure to re- 
ceive fine flowering specimens of this Tacsonia from Mr. Hugh 
Low, of the Clapton Nursery, to whom the plant had been sent, 
from Trinidad, by Henry Rye, Esq., under the appropriate but 
MS. name of Passiflora diversifolia. It is however unques- 
tionably the Passiflora sanguinea of Sir J. E. Smith, in Rees s 
Cyclopaedia, above quoted, and only by that description known 
to De Candolle, who was induced to refer the species, in its present 
genus, to the section Eutacsonia ; and thus, apart from three sup- 
posed West Indian species, T. quadriglandulosa, T. quadridentata,^ 
and T. pubescens, placed in the section " Distephanae dubiae." 
These three, though very briefly characterized by De Candolle, 
one from Guiana (whence we have also received this species), 
and the two others from the " West Indies," derived from the 
Banksian Herbarium, and very probably from Trinidad, appear 
to us to be referable to one and the same plant. The very va- 

october 1st, 1852. 



riable nature of the leaves on the same or on different individuals 
will easily account for their being supposed distinct. We have 
copious specimens in our Herbarium, gathered in Trinidad by 
the late Mr. Lockhart. Sir James Smith's specimens were re- 
ceived from Smeathmann. 

Mr. Low, in his letter, observes that the species is a free 
flowerer, and will evidently make a first-rate plant for a conser- 
vatory, as it does not seem to require much heat, and is easy of 
cultivation. 

Descr. A climber, with terete branches, and leaves which are 
extremely variable on the same or on different plants, sometimes 
ovate or oblongo-ovate, acute, simple; sometimes cordate and 
deeply three-lobed, with the lobes ovate, acute; the margins 
everywhere remarkable for being more or less sinuous, and cut 
into large but unequal teeth, penninerved, the underside strongly 
reticulated with prominent nerves, sometimes downy and pale 
green, whereas the upper side is generally glabrous and dark 
green. Petioles about half an inch long, glandular at the base, 
and there are sometimes glands in the sinuosities of the leaves. 
Peduncle solitary, single-flowered, longer than the petiole, fur- 
nished below the apex with a small three-leaved downy involucre .- 
the leaflets from a broad base, linear- subulate, serrated, erect, 
each having one or two large orbicular glands on either side at 
the base, and a gland within the axil. Flower large : sepals five, 
oblong-linear, acuminate, spreading, having a long soft subulate 
awn a little below the apex j externally the sepals are greenish 
rose-colour, within uniform rose-red : they all unite below so as 
to form a five-furrowed, rather short, greenish tube, very obtuse 
at the base. Petals five, as long, and of the same shape, as the 
sepals, equally spreading and deep rose-red on both sides. Crown 
or nectary double, short : inner consisting of a white membrane, 
with many subulate, erect, red rays ; outer of a circular row of 
numerous erect filaments, white, banded and tipped with red : 
some lesser filaments, and very short, are found between the 
outer and inner corona. Column three or four times as long as 
the crown, greenish, spotted with red, as are the short recurved 
filaments. Anthers green. Ovary oval. Styles clavate, deep red ; 
stigmas green. 



Fig. 1. Leaflet of an involucre : — magnified. 



4075. 




Tab. 4675. 
CENTROSOLENIA bractescens. 

Bractescent Centrosolenia. 



Nat. Ord. Gesnebace^e. — Didyxamia Angiospermia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra. Tab. 4552.) 



Centrosolenia bractescens; elata, caule crasso succulento, foliis subBequalibus 
amplis ovatis acuminatis grosse insequaliter serratis inferne longc attenuatia 
basi perfoliatis, pedunculo brevi axillari sobtario multifloro, floribus aggre- 
gatis bracteatis, bracteis 2 exterioribus aniplissimis orbicularis concavi? 
brevi-acuminatis serratis, corolla alba limbi lobis integerrimis. 

Mautilocalyx hastatus. EoH. 



This very remarkable plant was received at the Royal Gardens 
of Kew, from Mr. Linden, under the name of Nautilocalyx has- 
tatus. Such a name we can find nowhere published, and we 
cannot but consider it inaccurate, inasmuch as there is nothing 
about the calyx in any way representing a Nautilus; and, it 
meant to refer to the two outer bracteas (and not the calyx), we 
venture to consider they represent a bivalve shell, some kind ol 
Pecten or Venus, rather than a Nautilus. We only adopt the 
opinion of Mr. Bentham in considering the genus to which the 
plant belongs not distinct from his Centrosolenia (see our two 
species, figured at Tab. 4552 and 4611 of the present Magaz 
From those, and indeed from every known species, the present is 
abundantly distinguished by the large size of the leaves, and, in 
proportion, the still larger size and peculiar form of the external 
bracteas, which enclose the axillary clusters of leaves. It is a stove- 
plant, a free flowerer, and its blossoms continue to appear through 
the entire summer months. We have no information respecting 
its native country; probably it is New Grenada or Venezuela 

Disc*. Stem stout, herbaceous, erect, simple, two feet high, 
the upper part clothed, as is most of the younger portion o the 
plant, with deciduous silky down. Leaves opposite, very large 
(almost a foot long), nearly equal, ovate, acuminate, coarsely 

OCTOBER 1st, 1852. 



serrated, penninerved, beneath reticulated and the nerves pro- 
minent, below tapering very much, the base of the two opposite 
leaves unite and surround the stem, or, in other words, the leaves 
are decurrent upon the petiole so as to form a very broad wing 
to the extremely thickened rachis. In the axils of the leaves 
there appears on a short peduncle a pair of very large, vertical, 
nearly orbicular, concave, sharply, almost cuspidately acuminated, 
purple-green, reticulated bracteas, two inches across, at first 
closed like the two valves of a shell, then partially expanded 
for the emission of the several flowers, within which they ex- 
pand, in succession, and are themselves bracteated with ovate 
or lanceolate acuminated and serrated bracteoles. Each flower, 
when fully open, is nearly as long as the external bracteas, and 
shortly pedicellate. Calyx a little shorter than the tube of the 
corolla, white below, red-purple above, and reticulated with 
white, deeply cut into five segments, of which four are lan- 
ceolate, serrated, finely acuminated, the fifth free to the very 
base, and bent down, as it were, below, by the prolongation of 
the spur, and this is subulate, very narrow. Corolla large, 
white, the tube dilated upwards, below on one side extended 
into a short, blunt spur; the limb spreading, of five nearly equal, 
entire, rounded segments or lobes. Stamens four, perfect, in- 
cluded within the tube of the corolla ; filaments subulate, di- 
dynaiuous, curved over the pistil. Anther subglobose. Ovary 
ovate, slightly pubescent, with a large fleshy hypogynous gland 
on one side. Style thickened, a little curved. Stigma slightly 
dilated. 



Rg. 1. Flower :—nat. size. 2. Stamens and pistil. 3. Vistil :— stiff Ml// yaff- 
il ified. 



1676. 




Tab. 467G. 
BEGONIA hernandiyefolia 

Hernandia-leaved Begonia. 



Nat. Orel. Begonjace;*:. — Moncecia Polyandria. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 4172.) 



Begonia Iternandiafolia ; acanlis, foliis omnibus radicalibus aggregate longe 
petiolatis suboblique rotundato-ovatis brevitcr acuminatis glanduloso-scrratis 
coriaceis peltatis concavis subtus atro-purpureis, scapis folio longionbus 
apice dichotome corymbosis, pedicellis nutantibus, floribus rnbns : max. 
4-sepalis, sepalis 2 minoribus ; fern. 3-scpalis sepalo unico immmo, fiructu 
alis rotundatis, ala unica duplo 3-plo majore. 



Received at the Royal Gardens of Kew from seeds sent from 
Veraguas by Mr. Seemann. I have failed in finding the de- 
scription of any species that will tally with it. Much of the 
character, indeed, of B. peltate, Haskrl, as given in the fifth 
volume of Walpers' Repertorium, p. 766, well corresponds with 
this; but that is placed in a group called " Bepentes, ffl said 
to be " caulescent," and is a Java plant, Further, the same 
species is described in the second volume of the Repertorium, 
p. 210, as having the leaves tomentose: whereas our plant is 
not caulescent, nor creeping, and has glabrous foliage. It is 
indeed a most lovely species, with singularly shaped, very thick, 
concave and peltate leaves, deep blood-colour beneath, and the 
copious petioles, peduncles, and flowers of a full rose-red. It 
flowers readily in the stove during the summer months. 

Descr. Stemless. From the top of the root spring numerous 
bright red terete petioles, stipuled at the base, two to four inches, 
or rather more, long, which are inserted underneath, and at nearly 
an inch distance from the base of the very thick, between fleshy 
and coriaceous, subrotundo-ovate, acuminated, rather oblique, 
concave leaves, indistinctly glanduloso-serrated at the margin, 

OCTOBER 1st, 1852. 



quite glabrous, dark green above, with a pale spot at the inser- 
tion of the petiole, from which a few indistinct nerves radiate, 
deep blood-red beneath, with the nerves slightly prominent. 
Scapes radical, longer than the petiole, about as thick and of the 
same colour as it, bearing a dichotomous corymb of drooping, deep 
rose-red flowers ; at the setting-on of the branches a pair of op- 
posite small stipules are present. Each fork generally bears one 
male and one female flower. Male flower of four spreading sepals, 
two (opposite) larger and orbicular, the two smaller oblong- 
spathulate. Stamens a small head of many nearly sessile oval 
anthers. Female flower of three sepals, two large, and a small, 
oblong-spathulate one. The fruit (nearly mature) is bright red, 
triangular, obovate, with a narrow rounded wing at two of the 
angles, and a much broader rounded one at the third angle. 
Style short. Stigma sinuato-lobate. 



Fig. 1. Fruit: — magnified. 



$677. 




Tab. 4677. 

GOETHEA STRICTIFLORA. 

Upright-flowering Goethea. 



Nat. Ord. Malvaceae. Monadelpiiia Polyandria. 

Gen. CJutr. Calyx campanulatus, abbreviatus, 5-fidus, invohcello amplo yesi- 
cario 4-6-partito cinctus et obvallatus. Petala 5, basi subconcreta, sestivatioue 
spiraliter convoluta. Tilamenta numerosa, in columnam longam coalita. Anthera 
(reiiiformes) uniloculares. Stylus elongatus, in stigmata 8-10 apice fissus. Cocca 
5, coriacea, 1-sperma. — Arbores aut frutices, foliis glabriusculis coriaceis, petiolis 
barbatis, stipulis angustis, floribus speciosis axillaribus in pedunculis unijloris (smpe) 
nutantibus, involucellis cohratis reticulatis vmcariis. Be Cand. 



Goethea strictiflora ; foliis ovatis acuminatis versus apicem grosse sinuato- 
serratis, floribus axillaribus aggregatis erectis brevi-pedunculatis, involucro 
tetraphyllo, foliolis cordatis. 



A very remarkable-looking plant, native of Brazil, sent to us 
by Messrs. Rollison, Tooting, and by Mr. Henderson, St. John's 
Wood, under the name of Goethea cauliflora of Nees von Esen- 
beck. That it belongs to the genus Goethea (so named in honour 
of the great German poet, Goethe), as defined by Nees von Esen- 
beck and Martius, is clear; and it is generally known that this 
genus is referred by Endlicher and others to Pavonia, in true 
Malvacea, and not to Byttneriacece, where De Candolle has placed 
Goethea, on account of the supposed bilocular structure of the 
cells of the anthers. Whether a distinct genus or not, it is quite 
certain that the present plant can neither be the G. cauliflora of 
Nees and Martius, nor his G. semperflorens : the latter has scat- 
tered terminal long-pedicelled flowers, and six bracts to the in- 
volucre ; while the former has oblong entire leaves, and drooping 
(quite pendent) axillary or lateral flowers. Our plant, it will be 
seen, has the leaves broad-ovate and sinuatp-dentate and the 
iiowers invariably erect from the axils of the leaves. The flowers 
are very inconspicuous, and quite concealed by the involucre, 

OCiOBEK IsT, 1852. 



whose beautiful red-veined bracts, looking like a calyx, persist 
long after the blossoms have passed. 

Descr. The plant before us is one and a half foot high, at pre- 
sent unbranched, woody below, more herbaceous above. Leaves 
alternate, large, petiolate, ovate, often broadly so, acuminate, pen- 
ninerved (with three principal nerves from near the base), the 
upper half sinuato-dentate at the margin. Peduncles short, ag- 
gregated in the axils of the leaves (and often remaining after 
the leaves are fallen, above the scars), scarcely half an inch long. 
Involucre of four, erect, pale yellowish- white, cordate bracteas, 
striated and veined with red, including a single flower, whose 
stigmas alone are sometimes protruded beyond the involucre. 
Calyx nearly white, or greenish, cut into five, erecto-connivent, 
acuminated lobes. Corolla of five, obcordate, veiny, small 
petals, which are united by their base to the cylindrical tube of 
the filaments of the anthers, shorter than the calyx. Anthers 
reniform, one-celled, exserted beyond the calyx, as is the free 
portion of the filaments. Ovary subglobose, five-furrowed. Style 
as long as the tube of the anthers, then separating into ten 
branches, each bearing a capitate stigma. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Two of the petals united with the tube of the anthers. 
3. Pistil: — magnified. 



4678. 




7Ref I 



Tab. 4678. 

rubus biflorus. 

Twin-flowering Raspberry. 



Nat. Ord. Rosacea. — Icosandria Polygyni.v. 

Gen. Char. Calyx fundo planiusculus, 5-fidus, nudus. Petala 5 et Stamina 
numerosa calyci inserta. Carpella pluriraa in toro manifcste protubcrante xion 
carnoso capitata, stylo sublaterali superata, in drupellas carnosas conversa. Semen 
inversum. — Frutices, rarius Herbse perennes. Caules biennis, stepe radicantes, nunc 
inermes, nunc sapius aculeati. Folia petiolata, nunc pinnata palnmtave, pinnis sape 
petiolulatis, nunc simplicia lobata indivisave. Fructus edules. Be Cand. 



Rubus biflorus; caulibus erectis elatis insigniter albo-pulverulentis sparse acu- 
leatis aculeis validis curvatis, foliis supra glabriusculis subtus pubescenti- 
tomentosis simplicibus trilobis vel ternatis, foliolis ovatis inciso-serratis latera- 
libus sessilibus termiuali latiore pctiolulato rarius foliolis 5 pmnatis pedun- 
culis niitautibus aggregatis (non raro geminatis) uni-bi-tn-flons, lobis caly- 
cinis latis acumiuatis petalis subbrevioribus, fructu aurantiaco. 

Rubus biflorus. Buchanan, ex Smith in Bsei Cyclop. Be Cand. Prod. p. 558 
Spreng. Syst. Veget. v. 2. p. 527. 

Rubus pcdunculosus. Bon, Prodr. Fl. Nep. p. 234 P 



Messrs. Veitch of Exeter received this really handsome Bramble 
from Nepaul, and cultivated it for some time under the name ol 
R. leucodcrmis, a name it well deserves, from the pure white ot 
the stems of the plant, looking exactly as if they had been white- 
washed. Closely examined, the cuticle is found covered by an 
extremely minute, perfectly white, pulverulent substance, lne 
name however of leucodermis is given by Mr. Douglas to a 
North-west American species, and adopted by Messrs. lorrey 
and Gray in their 'Flora of North America/ which species we 
have been ourselves led to consider a variety of Rubus occult, 
talis of Linnams. Our plant is identical with a Nepaulese and 
Himalayan species in our Herbarium, which we believe to ho 
the R. biflorus of Dr. Buchanan (Hamilton), and probably the 
R. pcdunculosus of Don. It is quite hardy and ornamental, ami 



NOVEMBER 1.ST. 1852. 



very striking from its tall very white stems, and its copious white 
flowers produced in May and June, which are succeeded by the 
good-sized and well-flavoured orange or rather deep amber- 
coloured fruit in the early autumn. We feel sure that this hand- 
some and agreeable fruit would be worth cultivating for the 
table. 

Descr. The stems spring from the ground in clusters or fas- 
cicles, like our common Raspberry (to which group of Rubtis it 
belongs), but attains a height of ten to twelve feet, erect, branched 
with many small slender side-branches, the epidermis everywhere 
clothed with a very white pulverulent coat (easily removed by 
passing the hand over it), aculeated ; the aculei scattered, uniform 
in shape, all from a broad base subulate, decurved ; those of the 
stem stout and strong, those of the branchlets small and slender. 
Leaves extremely variable, even on the same plant, always green 
and subglabrous, downy and white beneath, in shape sometimes 
cordate, unequally and irregularly lobed, at other times regu- 
larly three-lobed ; sometimes compound and ternate, the lateral 
lobes generally narrow, ovate, and sessile, intermediate or ter- 
minal one broader and larger and petiolulate, sometimes, but 
more rarely, pinnated with five leaflets, all inciso-serrate, pin- 
nately and reticulately veined. Peduncles about two inches long, 
sometimes binate, more generally fascicled at the ends of the 
small lateral almost herbaceous branchlets, drooping, simple and 
bearing one, or branched and bearing two or three (rarely more) 
white flowers. Calyx subhemispherical, cut into five broad acu- 
minated downy lobes. Petals obcordate, spreading, close-placed, 
and imbricating with their edges. Stamen* small, forming a 
dense ring round the ovaries. Fruit as large as a Raspberry, but 
deep amber-colour ; when young, almost enclosed in the erect 
lobes of the persistent calyx j afterwards, the calyx spreads, and 
the globose fruit is wholly exposed to view. 



Fig. Fruits : — not. size. 



/////>. 




Tab. 4670. 

Fortune's Double Yellow 

or Wang-jang-ve Rose. 



Fortune's Double Yellow Hose, lindl. in Journ. of Hort. Soc. land. L861. v. G. 

p. 52. 



If it is desirable to give a botanical specific name to a hybrid 
plant at all, it can only be done, with any kind of propriety, when 
we are acquainted with the double origin of the plant in question, 
viz. both parents. Of the pedigree of the Rose here figured we 
know nothing, save that it comes from China ; and, as Dr. Lindley 
has observed, it is fruitless to inquire. As an ornamental Rose 
for the garden, we should have thought there could have been 
but one opinion among those who have seen the flowering plant 
(the delicacy of the petals cannot be imitated by art), and that is 
entirely in its favour. But it has been spoken of unfavourably 
by some ; and this has been accounted for by Messrs. Standish 
and Noble, to whom we are indebted for the specimens here 
published, and whose remarks, together with those of Mr. For- 
tune, who introduced the plant from China to our gardens, shall 
occupy the remainder of our space. 

" Seldom," write Messrs. Standish and Noble, in June of the 
present year, " has a really beautiful flower remained so long 
comparatively unknown as this. Few persons have seen a blos- 
som ; and those who have not, believe it to be worthless. In 
fact there exists a deeply rooted prejudice against the plant, 
caused, no doubt, by the very unfavourable report circulated 
when it bloomed the first time in this country. Yet nothing 
can be more beautiful as a flower, nor can anything v^cvcd it m 
delicacy of tint. Imagine a gamboge-yellow ground, over which 
is thrown a tint of crimson lake, and you obtain an idea ot its 
colour. The centre petals have generally a predominance of 
lake, and the outer ones are more strongly marked ; bat there is 
a beautiful clearness about them, which can only be appreciated 
by examining a flower. Apart from the prejudice which exists 
against the plant, many persons have spoken derogatively ol 



NOVEMBEB IsT, I 852 



it, from having failed to cultivate it successfully ; their plants 
producing but few flowers, and those indifferent both in size and 
colour. This has arisen from an improper mode of treatment. 
If pruned in the manner usually adopted for ordinary standard 
Roses, no flowers will be obtained, as they are produced from 
the wood of the preceding year, in the same manner as those of 
the Persian Yelloiv and Banksian Hoses. Therefore, whether 
grown as a standard or trained to a wall, the shoots should only 
be thinned, — to shorten them is to destroy the flowers. We 
have at the time of writing this (June 28) some standards, from 
three to four feet through the heads, covered with blossoms ; and 
more beautiful objects can scarcely be imagined. We wish all 
who are prejudiced against the plant could see them. Again, it 
has been said to be tender ; but we have never seen it injured 
in the least, even during the most severe weather. It is one 
of the most rapid-growing roses, and well adapted for a wall or 
pillar." 

Mr. Fortune tells us, " The Rose you inquire about is well 
known to me, and was discovered in the garden of a rich Man- 
darin at Ningpo. It completely covered an old wall in the 
garden, and was in full bloom at the time of my visit : masses 
of glowing yellowish and salmon-coloured flowers hung down in 
the greatest profusion, and produced a most striking effect. It 
is called by the Chinese the Wang-jang-ve, or Yellow Rose. They 
vary, however, a good deal in colour ; a circumstance which, in 
my opinion, adds not a little to the beauty and character of 
the plant. I fancy it is quite distinct from any other known 
variety, and certainly different from any China kind. It is ad- 
mirably adapted for covering walls ; and if planted in rich soil, 
and allowed to grow to its full size, nothing can produce a 
finer effect in our gardens. It was sent home to the Horticul- 
tural Society in 1845, and noticed by me in the Journal of the 
Society, vol. i. p. 218, and again in my 'Journey to the Tea 
Countries/ p. 318. No doubt the Wang-jang-ve, now that it 
has been properly treated by Messrs. Standish and Noble, will 
soon take its place as a favourite amongst our climbing roses." 



Fig. 1. Calyx and ovary: — slightly magnified. 



4680. 




Tab. 4680. 

MONOCERA GRANDIFLORA. 

Large-flowered Monocera. 



Nat. Ord. El^eocarpe-e. — Polyandria Monooynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx pentaphyllu8,/0&>fo lanceolatis acstivatione valvatis. Corolhc 
petala 5, hypogyna, sestivatione irabricata, cuneata, tri-quintnieloba, lobis laci- 
niatis vel subintcgerrimis. Stamina 25-80, disco hypogyno glandidoso inserta ; 
filamenta brevia, subulate ; anthem erectse, longe lincares, loculis introrsum adnata 
appositis biloculares, apice riraa transversa bivalves, valvula antica mutica, postira 
connectivo dorsali excurrente cuspidata. Ovarium sessile, basi disco cinctum, 
bi-quiiK|ueloculare. Ovula in loculis 2 v. plura, pendula, anatropa. Stylus 
subulatus; stigma simplex. Brupa monopyrena; nuce lsevi v. tnbcreulata, 
uni- bi- rarius quinqueloculari. Semina in loculis solitaria, inversa. Embryo in 
axi albuminis carnosi orthotropus, ejusdem fere longitudine ; cotykdomlnu planis, 
oblongis; radicula cotyledonibus breviore, supera.— Arbores Mia; tropica et 
Nova Hollandue ,■ folds alternis, approximatis, lanceolato- v. cuneato-oblomjh, mfe- 
(jerrimis v. serratis, petiolis basi et apice tumidis, stipulis deciduis, racemis axil- 
laribus, folio brevioribus, petalis scepissime extus sericeis. Endl. 



Monocera grandifiora; foliis elliptico -lanceolatis basi attenuates apice obtu- 
siusculis remote crenato-serratis integerrimisve, racemis axillanbns paucifloris 
pcdicellis elongatis gracilibus petiolo longioribus. 

P^L/Kocarpus grandirlora. Smith in Rees' Cycl. n. 5. 

Monocera lanceolate. Hassk. Cat. PI. Hort. Bot. Bogor. p. 208. 

El,eocarpus lanceolate. Blame, Bijdr. p. 119. Spreng. Syst. Veget. Cur. Post. 



p. 189. 



A native of Java, long cultivated in the stove of the Royal 
Gardens of Kew, as an unknown plant, with the habit of Ter- 
mina/ia. In the summer of 1S52 the handsome flowers ap- 
peared. It is clearly the plant " collected by the late Sir U. L. 
Staunton, Bart., who discovered it in his voyage to China, but 
in what country is not mentioned," and taken up by Sir James 
Smith as Elaocarpus grandiflora, in Rees' Cyclopedia., where 
the author has faithfully described the anthers as those ol a 
Monocera. This name has been strangely overlooked, as tar 
as I can find, bv all succeeding authors; Blume, considering 
the plant a new species, described it under the name ol hteo- 

NOVEMBER 1ST, 1852. 



carpus lanceolata. We possess Herbarium specimens from Count 
Hoffmansegg, from Mr. Thomas Lobb (n. 19), and from Pro- 
fessor De Vriese, all gathered in Java, yet Blume only speaks 
of it there as " in hortis frequenter colitur." These specimens 
however show that the plants vary in the leaves being crenato- 
serrated or entire, and in the length of the petiole, from one- 
fourth of an inch to an inch long. The bright red of the 
calyx and pedicels, the cream-coloured fringed petals, and large 
flowers, in conjunction with the evergreen foliage, give it a 
handsome appearance. 

Descr. A shrub, with us seven feet high, much branched ; 
the leaves a good deal clustered at the apices of the branches, 
from three to nearly six inches long, including the petiole, broad 
lanceolate, tapering into a footstalk from one-fourth to one-halt' 
an inch long, the apex generally obtuse, the margin entire, or 
usually more or less crenato-serrated or sinuated. Racemes of 
few, two, four, or five, flowers, generally one or two among the 
terminal clusters of leaves, drooping. Rachis and very long- 
slender pedicels red, the latter secund, much longer than the 
petioles, and thickened upwards. Calyx of five, narrow, almost 
linear-lanceolate, spreading sepals, quite red externally, white 
within. Petals five, spreading, white or pale yellow, cuneate, 
more or less silky, especially externally, the apex laciniated. 
Stamens very numerous, pubescenti-scabrous. Filament short. 
Antler oblong, tapering into a long subulate beak, longer than 
the anther, the two cells opening at the base of the beak, the 
opening closed by a small valve. Ovary ovate, pubescent, seated 
in a very large gland or fleshy disc, tapering into a slender, 
rather long style. Stigma a mere point. 



Fig. 1. Stamen. 2. Pistil and hypogynoua gland : — magnified. 



/"/A*/ 




Tab. 4681. 
malva involucrata. 

Invohcrated Mallow. 



Nat. Ord. Malvace.e. — Monadelphia Polyandria. 

Gen. Char. Calyx 5-partitus v. 5-fidus, involucre 3-phvllo, nunc 1-5-6-phyllo, 
ileciduo, rarius nudo, foliolis oblongis setaceisvc. Carpella pluriiiia,;inouosperma, 
in orbem circa axin disposita. Radicula infers. 



Malva involucrata; liirsuta, caulibus elongatis procumbentibus raraosis, folns 
profuude 3-partitis lobis 3-multifidis lineari-lanceolatis submucronato-acutis, 
stipulis magnis late ovatis acuminatis, pedunculis erectis solitariis axilla- 
ribus unifloris folio longioribus, involucri foliolis 3 bneari-lanccolatis calyoe 
f brevioribus, " carpcllis numerosis hirsutis laevibus." 

Malva involucrata. Torr. et Gr. Fl. N. Am. v. 1. p. 226. 

Nuttallia involucrata. Nutt. ex Torr. in Am. lye. New York, v. 2. p. 172. 



Certain Malvaceous plants of North America, with a somewhat 
peculiar aspect, vacillating in habit between Sida and Malm, 
and varying in the presence or absence or deciduous nature of 
the involucre, were referred by Mr. Nuttall to a new genus, 
Callirhoe, by Mr. Dick called Nuttallia (see Bot. Mag t. 261:2 
and 3287). This genus has been, as it were, by general consent 
abandoned, the species transferred to Malva, and a new and 
more firmly established genus given to the distinguished Ame- 
rican Botanist in Rosacea?*. Our present plant would have been 
a Nuttallia of Dick, and hence was given the name involucrata 
to distinguish it from some Nutlallias which were destitute ot 
this organ, a name not very appropriate among true Malva 
The plant was first detected in the valley of the Loup tork ot 
the Platte, by Dr. James, and what is described by Drs. lorrey 
and Gray as "var. ft linmriloba, with the segments of the 
leaves divided into three to five narrowly linear lobes was 
found in Texas by Mr. Drummond. Our present plant, ot which 

• S« Nuttall* C era»jfbmi»,Ton.# Gr.in Hook, and Am. Bot. of Beeetey*! 
Voyage, p. 387, t. 82. 

NOVEMBER 1ST, 1852. 



the seeds were sent to Kew by Dr. Engelmann, is also from 
Texas, and has the leaves as much divided as that just mentioned, 
but the segments can hardly be called "narrow linear." It ap- 
pears to be a hardy perennial, flowering in July. 

Descr. From a central root several branches, eighteen inches 
to two feet long, radiate, lying upon the ground, the extremities 
assurgent, hairy, as is more or less every part of the plant j hairs 
of the stems and branches and petioles and calyces patent. Leaves 
all on long petioles, especially those from near the root, cordate in 
outline, deeply 3-5-fid ; of the upper ones the lobes are subtrifid, 
the lateral ones on the lower leaves are subpedate ; the lowest, 
and especially the radical ones, are multifid, the segments broad 
linear or linear-lanceolate, acute and submucronulate with a soft 
point. Peduncles longer than the leaves, solitary, erect, numerous, 
bearing a single large showy flower. Involucre of three linear- 
lancolate spreading green leaflets, about two-thirds the length of 
the calyx. Calyx very hairy, divided nearly to the base into 
five, lanceolate, acuminate, spreading sepals. Petals five, broad- 
cuneate, quite truncated at the apex, and erose, longer than 
the calyx, deep red-purple, with a cream-coloured large spot at 
the claw, forming a yellowish-white circle or disc to the flower. 
Column of stamens rather short, and, as well as the capitate 
anthers, white. Style as long as the staminal tube: sliymas 
numerous, filiform-subulate, long, spreading. Carpels (immature) 
"lunate, pointless." 



46S2. 




Tab. 4682. 
sobralia chlorantha. 

Yellow-flowered Sobralia. 



Nat. Ord. Orchide^. — Gynandria Monandria. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 4446.) 



Sobralia chlorantha; epiphyta? caule brevi, Mis paueis tenuinalibus elliptico- 
ovatis obtusiusculis subcoriaceis remote striatis longe vaginatis mfenore 
majore superiore bracteEeformi, flore solitario terminali sessili luteo, petahs 
sepalisque ajqualibus conniventibus lanceolatis, labello sepalis parum longiore 
obovato disco striato margine undulato intus disco pone basin elevato, co- 
lumna3 apice lobis lateralibus brevibus. 



Received in a flowering state from the stove of Messrs. Lu- 
combe, Pince, and Co., in June, 1852. It was sent to them by 
Mr. Yates, from Para, in Brazil. The flowers are in general 
structure like those of Sobralia, but of a yellow colour, and with 
foliage more like that of some Cattleya, thick and leathery. 
Pceppig and Endlicher have a genus Cyatlwgloitis (Nov Gen et 
Sp. Plant., etc., p. 55), which they distinguish from Sobralia hy 
very slight characters, adding "Sobralia tamen proxime athne 
videtur," and which has yellow or white flowers: but the anther 
should be terminal, not, as here, attached to the midd e lobe oi 
a trifid apex to the column. In our plant, however, the lobes 
are shorter than in the red-flowered Sobralias, and the sepals as 
well as the petals are connivent and united for some length at 
the base. Whether the two genera be distinct or not, our spe- 
cies by no means accords either with Cyathoylotiscrocea or C. 
Candida, the only two described by Endlicher and Fceppig. 

Descr. With the root and base of the stem we are ac- 
quainted. The portion sent to us is scarcely a span on g in- 
cluding the leaves, and with no appearance of pseudo-bulb. I In 
stem is about as thick as a goose-quill, nearly terete, covered^ 
the most part with the long rather compressed sheathing bases 
of the leaves. Leaves two or three, very unequal ,n size ; the 
lowest of them half a foot long, the uppermost from on< to 



NOVEMBER 1ST, 1852. 



two inches, resembling a bractea, all of them dark full green, 
oblong or elliptical-ovate, rather acute, subcoriaceous, fleshy, the 
margin a little recurved, the surface marked with a few, dis- 
tant, parallel, longitudinal strise. In a sterile plant sent us, the 
leaves are more nearly equal and more oblong. Thejlower is 
large, terminal, sessile, curved, of a uniform pale sulphur-coloured 
yellow. Ovary clavate, sessile, rising a little above the sheath 
of the upper or bracteal leaf. Sepals four inches long, erecto- 
connivent, acuminate, united for some little way above their base. 
Petals uniform with the sepals and of the same length, erecto- 
connivent. Lip erect, for the greater part of its length enclosed 
within the sepals and petals, large, longer than the perianth, broadly 
obovate, retuse, clawed at the base, the apex curved back and 
much waved : the disc faintly striated, with a slight elevation 
where the claw is set on, and below that two oblong, small, in- 
curved scales or portions of the margin. Column clavate, curved, 
about two-thirds the length of the flower, yellow, deeper-coloured 
and plain in front ; the apex obscurely trifid, the lobes, especially 
the latter ones, short, obtuse; the anther-case hemispherical, 
imbedded, as it were, within the lobes, and attached to the inter- 
mediate one. 



Fig. 1. Column and ovary : — not. size. 2. Pollen-masses: — magnified. 



46 S3. 




rt,XB?- 



Tab. 4683. 

BEGONIA XANTHINA. 

Yellow-flowered Begonia, or Elephant's Ear 



Nat. Orel. Begoniaceje — Moncecia Polyandbia. 
Gen. Cliar. {Vide supra, Tab. 4172.) 



Begonia xanthma; acaulis, rhizomate brevi crasso subtus radicante, fo Jus am- 
plis oblique cordato-ovatis brevi-acuminatis sinuatis deuticulatis subtus rtis- 
coloribus (rubris), petiolis aggregate crassis folium subaequantibus rubra 
stipulatis crinitis, setis pateutibus inferioribus reflexis, scapo petiohs dupto 
longioribus, floribus nutantibus corymbosis flavis, mascubs tetrasepalis, 
sepabs 3 oblongo-cuneatis unico majore rotuudato magis coucavo fenuneu. 
3-plo minoribus bexasepalis, sepabs eequabbus oyab-rotuudatis, fructus al.s 
duabus brevibus, unica horizontaliter elongata stnata. 



A very beautiful new Begonia, cultivated by Mr Nuttall m 
his stove at Rainhill, near Preston, Lincolnshire, where it was 
raised from roots sent in 1850 from Boutan by ^ his nephew, 
Mr. Booth. It is remarkable for the large, full, almost golden- 
yellow flowers, tinged with red at the back, which contrast ^well 
with the ample foliage of a deep glossy green above, amUith he 
fine red of the petioles, peduncles (shaggy with scale-like hairs), 
and underside of the leaf. It flowered m July, 1852 

Descr. Boot a short, thick, horizontal fleshy rhzoma shaggy 
with scaly hairs at the setting on of the petioles and ^nng 
fibrous radicles below. Stem none ^"Z^J££ 
to a span or more long, obliquely (mequila ^# °^ 
ovate, shortly acuminated, more or less smua ^; ^ n^m 
denticulated; subciliate, penninerved and ret ^^^^ith 
a deep full glossy green and glabrous above beneath ved^h 
the nerves p?omment, the chief ones and cos ta burod. fetoto 
thick, fleshy, terete, bright red, about a span ^^~ c °^ 
the apex of the rhizoma, and there having large, ^M*™ 
branaceous, coloured stipules; their peduncles aie uimte, with 



NOVEMBER 1ST, 1852. 



shaggy patent hairs, almost scaly and reflexed below. Peduncles 
twice as long as the petiole, and resembling it, but glabrous 
above, bearing a many-flowered corymb at the extremity. Floicers 
deep full yellow, drooping, often springing three from one point, 
in which case two are male flowers, and one is female. Male 
flower much the largest, of four spreading sepals, of which three 
are oblong-obovate, and the fourth rotundate, larger and more 
concave, tinged with red at the back. Stamens very numerous, 
forming a compact, globose, yellow head. Female flower small, 
of six nearly orbicular, concave, erect petals, tinged with red at 
the back. Fruit greenish, tinged with red, three-winged, two 
of the wings short and equal, the third is remarkably elongated 
horizontally, into a sort of broad blunt beak, and is striated. 



Fig. 1. Fruit: — magnified. 



hO a /. 







Tab. 4084. 
hoya fraterna, 

Thick-leaved Hoya. 



Nat. Ord. Asclepiade.e. — Pentandria Digynu. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4347.) 



Hoya (Physostemraa) fratema ; foliis amplis ellipticis crassissiine coriaceia 
acutis basi subcordatis et calloso-glandulosis obscure remote penninerviis 
jnargine reeurvis, petiolo costaque subtus preecipue crassis, peduiiculo 
folio 3-4-plo breviore, umbella multiflora compacta, sepalis ovalibus ob- 
tusis concavis, corollse rotate lobis deltoideis patenti-recurvis sericeo-velu- 
tinis, corona; stammese foliolis brevi-ovatis apice recto obtuso. 

Hoya fratema. Blume, Mus. Bot. Lugd. Bat. p. 44. 



A very fine new and very distinct species of Hoya, first de- 
tected in Java by Blume and since by Mr. Thomas Lobb, and 
sent by him to his employer Mr. Veitch, in whose stove at 
Exeter it has grown very vigorously and yielded its very hand- 
some flowers during a great part of the summer and autumn. 
Some of the leaves measure a foot in length : our coloured 
figure is taken from a portion of the plant yielding smaller 
foliage; but these leaves are remarkable no less for then- 
great size than they are for their firmness and thickness, and 
the very indistinct remote pinnated nerves, scarcely seen except 
when the leaf is held between the eye and the light, or when 
the leaves are dried for the herbarium ; then the shrinking of 
the parenchyma brings the veins more distinctly into view, and 
shows them to be pinnated, anastomosing, and slender. The 
petioles and costa beneath are peculiarly thick. The upper side 
of the corolla, disc excepted, is downy, or between silky and 
velvety, and of a pale yellowish buff-colour, but five stains or 
spots are seen radiating from the centre towards the sinuses, 
which are always wet and clammy, which clamminess appears to 
be due to a flow of honey from beneath each of the leaves of the 
crown or nectary, and give a rich brown tone of colour to the 
whole umbel of flowers. It was named fratema by Mimic on 



DECEMBER 1 ST, 1852. 



account of its affinity to H. coriacea, from which it is however 
abundantly distinct, as will be seen by a reference to the latter 
plant figured at our Tab. 4518. 

Descr. A climber with terete stems and branches, rooting near 
the inserti on of the petioles, bearing opposite leaves, on rather 
short but very thick petioles; varying from six inches to a 
foot in length, singularly thick, and firmly fleshy, subcoria- 
ceous, elliptical, very glabrous and even, the margins recurved, 
the apex rather acute, the base emarginate or subcordate, dark 
green and glossy above, pale and opake beneath, where the mid- 
rib is very broad and prominent ; lateral veins scarcely at all visible 
except the leaf be held between the eye and the light, when 
they are seen to be pinnated, distant, slender, anastomosing to- 
wards the margin. Peduncle much shorter than the leaves, mo- 
derately stout, thickened at the base, bearing at the apex a dense 
umbel of rather large, brownish-red flowers. Sepals five, oval, 
concave. Corolla rotate, pale buff, with five red-brown blotches, 
five-lobed, the lobes triangular, silky, reflexed. Leaflets of the 
corona pale buff, rotundato-ovate, thick, fleshy, concave above 
with a blood-red spot at the base, grooved beneath. Ovaries 
two, oblong. 



Fig. 1. Calyx and ovaries. 2. Flower: — magnified. 



4685 




Tab. 4685. 
heliconia pulverulenta. 

Poiodery Heliconia. 



Nat. Ord. Musaceje.— Pentandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4475.) 



Heliconia pulverulenta ; foliis oblongis tenui-acummatis marginatis basi cor- 
datis subtus albo-pulverulentis, spathis ternis coloratis (coccmeis) folio 
bracteali concolori brevioribus, floribus (parvis albis) spatha triplo bre- 
vioribus pallide viridescentibus, sepalo nano oblongo submucronato. 

Heliconia pulverulenta. Lindl. Sot. Reg. ^ 1648. 



Of this eminently handsome genus {Heliconia), a genus with 
the habit of Strelitzia, eleven species are enumerated by Komer 
and Schultes ; seven more are given in Walpers' ' Annates, vol. l. 
p. 811, and all are, we believe, indigenous to South America. 
Amongst all those, be they well-defined species or otherwise, 
our present plant is readily distinguished by the white pul- 
verulent substance of the underside of the lohage, and by the 
small flowers in comparison of the large rich scar let bracts. 
A scarcely less handsome species is given at our lab. 4475, our 
Heliconia angustifolia (from Brazil), with, shorter, paler-coloured, 
and more numerous sheathing bracts, larger flowers, and very 
long narrow leaves. The exact native country of the present is 
not known. It appears to have been introduced to our stoves 
some twenty years ago by the late Sir Abraham Hume from 
whose hothouse at Wormleybury the figure m the Botanical 
Register ' was made. We possess a portion of a lent ot a Heli- 
conia from Dominica similarly white and pulverulent beneath, 
gathered there by our friend Dr. Imray, but whether identical 
with ours it is impossible to say without further materials, 
which we hope soon to receive. Our drawing was taken irom 
a fine plant, that blossomed at Kew in June, 18o2. 

Descr. A tall-growing plant. Stem four to six feet high, 
clothed with the long sheathing bases of a few petiolated leaves, 



DECEMBER 1ST. 



and these partially clothed with a scurfy deciduous powder. Leaves 
a foot or more long, broad, oblong, subovate, finely acuminated, 
margined with red, the base cordate (the sides unequal) ; the 
upper surface full and rather bright green, beneath paler and 
white with a more or less deciduous powdery substance ; the 
petiole, when cut through transversely, exhibits several large 
air-cells. Prom the sheathing base of an upper leaf the iiifiores- 
cence appears, consisting of a stout zigzag rachis clothed with the 
sheathing bases of three (or four, including the longer lowermost 
flowerless one) long, stout, subulate, conduplicate, very acuminated 
bracts or spat/ias, sheathing at the base. From the axils of these 
a cluster of rather small, whitish-green powers appear, not much 
protruded beyond the sheathing portion of the spatha. Their 
structure is as in the rest of the genus. The sixth very diminu- 
tive sepal is very small, a mere oblong scale, mucronate at the 
point. 



Fig. 1. Flower, from which the five larger sepals have been removed: — mag- 
nified. 



4686. 




V^-.- 






Tab. 4686. 
DENDROBIUM cretaceum. 

Chalk-white Dendrobium. 



Nat. Ord. Orciiideje. — Gynandria Monandria. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4352.) 



Dendrobium (§ Eudendrobium) cretaceum; foliis lanceolatis apice oblique 
emarginatis obtusiusculis, floribus solitariis, sepalis lineari-lanceolatis_ pa- 
tentissimis obtusiusculis, labello subrotundo indiviso cucullato limbriato- 
dentato utrinque pubescente basi foveato et obsoleto 3-lamellato, inento 
brevi obtuso. Lindl. 

Dendrobium cretaceum. IAndl.Bot. Meg. v. 33. t. 62. 



It is a misfortune with many of the Bendrobia whose stems 
bear the flowers, solitary (as here) or two or three from the 
same point opposite to that of the insertion of the leaf, that 
when the blossoms are in perfection the foliage has fallen. 
This is the case with the species now before us. The old long 
jointed stem here shown has a fair sprinkling of flowers, but 
there are no leaves, save on a young stem that is forming at the 
base of the old ones, and which, in its turn, is to shed its leaves 
and then throw out, blossoms. Nor does our species boast of 
rich colours in the sepals and petals. Their general or ground 
colour is white, and of that dead and chalky kind which sug- 
gested to Dr. Lindley the specific name of cretaceum. Our plant 
was sent to us from Assam in 1851 ; its flowering (in June, 1852) 
confirms the correctness of Dr. Lindley's suspicion, that the 
flowers are always solitary, not in twos or threes, as is charac- 
teristic of the section Eudendrobium (Grastidium, Bhme), Mr. 
Griffith found the same species in Mergui and the Khasya 
hills, and Mr. Thomas Lobb sent it to the excellent Nursery of 
Messrs. Veitch, Exeter. 

Descr. Epiphytal. Root a few rather slender but fleshy 

DECEMBER 1ST, 1852. 



fibres, which spring from the base of the unbranched, more or 
less pendent, a foot and more long, terete, curved, striated stems ; 
the young ones clothed with a few sheathing lanceolate gla- 
brous leaves. The older and flowering stems are as thick as one's 
little finger, and in part sheathed with the withered membra- 
naous bases of the old leaves ; and from these, opposite to where 
a leaf has been, the rather large white flowers appear solitary, 
each subtended by a small bractea. Sepals and petals much 
spreading, lanceolate, rather obtuse, quite glabrous. Lip large, 
almost orbicular, but tapering into a short claw, cucullate, white 
with a few orange streaks, finely fringed at the margin, downy 
on both sides ; at the base above is a nectariferous cavity, and 
three obscure lamellae. Column short, conical, but running 
down to where the labellum unites with it, and there forming an 
obtuse spur to the flower. Anther-case hemispherical, downy. 



Fig. 1, Column and anther. 2. Lip : — magnified. 



1<687. 




Tab. 4687. 
ECHINOPSIS CRISTATA. 

Crested Echinopsis. 



Nat. Ord. Cactace^e. — Icosandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4521.) 



Echinopsis cristata; caule depresso-globoso nitido vindi 17-costato, costis 
compressis inter pulvillos valde cristatim obrepandis, pulvdbs immersis sub- 
confertis griseo-tomentosis, aculeis rigidis exterioribus 10 recurvato-paten- 
tibus summo cum centrali solitario longioribus erecto-recurvulis. batm-Uycfc. 

Echinopsis cristata. Salm-Bych, Cactem in Sort. Dyck. Cult. pp. 38, 178. 

Echinocactus obrepandus. Salm-Dyck, A. G.Z. 1845,^. 386. 

Var. 0. purpurea; floribus purpurascentibus. Echinopsis cristata, var. pur- 
purea. Sot. Mag. t. 4521. 



This, as well as the purple-flowered variety of it, were im- 
ported by Mr. Bridges from Bolivia (not Chili, as stated by Mr. 
Smith, in Bot. Mag. nnder Tab. 4521). The latter is already 
figured in the plate just cited, and we scarcely know which is the 
more striking of the two. The purple-flowered variety has the ad- 
vantage in the colour of the flower, but the present kind produces 
the largest blossoms; the petals are broader m proportion to 
their length, a cream-white gradually passing into the greenish- 
purple of the outer sepals. The spines in the present variety 
are more slender, less curved, of a paler colour but tipped with 
a darker brown. In other respects the two plants correspond, 
and a full description under Tab. 4521 will equally suffice for 
the present. Its flowering season is July. 

Eehinopsis, as we there observed, is a gen ™^ntly sepa- 
rated from Echinocadus by the Prince de Salm-Dyck m which 
twenty species are included in the recently published Oacteffi 
in Horto Dyckensi cult*,' etc., and these are divided into two 
principal but very unequal groups r « 1, Tubercular : tuberculis 

DECEMBER 1ST, 1852. 



cristatis, compressis, elongatis, in costas oblique subconfluenti- 
bus," to which belongs our E. cristata, now figured, E. Scheerii, 
Salm-Dyck, our E. Pentlandii, Bot. Mag. t. 4124, EcUnopsis 
pulchella, Zuccarini, E. amcena, Dietr. ; the rest are included 
under the second division, " 2, Costat^ : costis continuis, plus 
minusve numerosis, repandis vel subrepandis/' and to this be- 
long E. Eyresii, Bot. Mag. t. 3411, E. oocygona, Bot. Mag. 
t. 4162, E. multiplex, Bot. Mag. t. 3789, E. Zuccariniana [Echi- 
nocactus tubiflorus, Bot. Mag. t. 3627), E. campylacantlia, Bot. 
Mag. t. 4567. They are all remarkable for the great size and 
long tube of the flowers in comparison with the stem. They 
are assuredly among the handsomest of the family of Caclacea. 



Our Plate represents a reduced figure of an entire plant, and an apex of a 
plant with a flower -.—natural site. 






4688. 




Tab. 4688. 

VACCINIUM ERYTHRINUM. 

Red-twigged Wliortleberry \ 



Nat. Ord. Vaccinie.e. — Decandeia Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4612.) 



Vaccinium erythrinum; erectum glabnim, ramulis rubris, foliis ovatis brevi- 
petiolatis obtusis coriaceis integerriinis sempervirentibus, racemis tenuinali- 
bus aggregatis raultifloris fobaceo-bracteatis, bracteis floves longe superan- 
tibus, floribus pentameris secundis nutantibus, calycibus glabris, covollis 
urceolatis, staminibus inclusis, filamentis discoque magno epigyno hirsutis, 
antherarum muticarmn loculis truncatis. 



While the recent labours of Dr. Wight on the Vacciniaceous 
plants of India have induced hirn to refer all known to him 
(including the genera Agapetes, Ceratostemma, and Thibaudia 
of authors) to the true Vaccinium, Dr. Klotzsch's investiga- 
tions of the entire family have led him to the opinion that 
the genera required to be multiplied, so that we find in the 
'Linmea/ vol. xxiv. (for 1851), no less than fourteen new 
genera added, and the previously existing ones thus increased 
to twenty-eight ! According to Dr. Klotzsch's views, our pre- 
sent plant, together with our V Bollisoni (Tab. 4612), would, 
we presume, constitute another new genus, for in its truncated 
anther-cells (not ending in long tubes) it seems to differ from all 
his genera, while, according to Dr. Wight's views and my own, 
this would be a character of minor importance, seeing how much 
in habit and all other characters the species accords with Vacci- 
nium in its ordinary acceptance. Wherever this is placed it 
must be associated with V. Bollisoni, and it is a native of the 
same country, having been equally sent from Java to Messrs. 
Rollison's Tooting Nursery, by their collector, Mr. Henshall. 
Than that, however, it is a far more lovely species, with much 
larger evergreen leaves, more numerous and larger flowers, and 
the young branches, and the petioles and even the midribs and 

DECEMBER 1ST, 1852. 



margins of the nascent leaves (as well as the flowers) are of a 
coral-red. The flowering plant was sent by Messrs. Rollison in 
October, 1852. 

Descr. The plant before us is nearly a foot and a half high, 
a compact handsome shrub ; the young brandies quite red, and 
the young foliage stained with red. Leaves alternate, evergreen, 
coriaceous, glossy, one and three-quarters to two inches long, 
ovate, rather obtuse, quite entire. Petioles very short, thick, 
red. Racemes clustered (two to four together), terminal, two 
and a half to three inches long, sessile, or nearly so. Mowers 
numerous, moderately large, secund, drooping (all pointing down- 
wards). jRachis rather stout, green, bearing on the upper side 
several large, foliaceous, oblong, green bracteas, much longer 
than the flowers. Pedicels curved downwards, shorter than the 
flowers, red. Calyx green, glabrous, tube (incorporated with 
the ovary) hemispherical, lobes of the limb rather large, ovate. 
Corolla urceolate, quite glabrous, deep coral-red ; the limb of 
five, small, reflexed segments. Stamens ten, included ; filaments 
subulate, free, hairy. Anther oblong, muticous, the two cells 
truncated (not prolonged into tubes), opening by nearly trans- 
verse pores as wide as the cells (not contracted). Epigynous 
disc very large and hairy. Style columnar, as long as the co- ■ 
rolla, hairy in its lower half. Stigma peltate, obscurely five- 
lobed. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Stamen. 3. Calyx and pistil : — magnified.