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Full text of "Curtis's botanical magazine."

CURTIS'S 

BOTANICAL MAGAZINE, 



COMPRISING THE 



plants; of tfre &opal bartons of Heto, 



OF OTHER BOTANICAL ESTABLISHMENTS IN GREAT BRITAIN ; 
WITH SUITABLE DESCRIPTIONS; 



SIR WILLIAM JACKSON HOOKER, K.H., D.C.L. Oxon., 

LL.D., F.R.S. and L.S , Vice-President of the Linnean Society, and Director of the Royal Gardens of Kew. 

VOL. IX. 
OF THE THIRD SERIES; 

(Or Vol. LXXIX. of the Whole Work) 




' Another Flora here, of bolder hues, 
And richer sweets." 



LONDON: 
LOVELL REEVE, HENRIETTA STREET, CO VENT GARDEN. 

1853. 







JOHN EDWARD TiTlOB w 



HIS EXCELLENCY SIR HENRY BARKLY, K.H., 

ETC. ETC. ETC., 

LATE GOVERNOR OF BRITISH GUIANA, 

AND NOW OF THE 

ISLAND OF JAMAICA, 

WHO, AMIDST THE MANY ARDUOUS DUTIES ATTENDANT UPON HIS HIGH OFFICE. 
HAS PATRONIZED AND ENCOURAGED 

HORTICULTURE AND BOTANY IN OUR COLONIES, 

E\}t present Folume is ©etiicatet, 

BY HIS EXCELLENCY'S FAITHFUL 

AND ATTACHED FRIEND AND SERVANT. 



W. J. HOOKER. 



Royal Gardens, Keav, 
December 1, 1853. 



LIST 

OF 

ORCHIDEOUS PLANTS 

INDIGENOUS TO ASSAM, AND THE NEIGHBOURING 
HILLS OF KHASYA, BOOTAN, etc. 



No. 



1* 

2 

3* 

4 

5 

6** 

7* 

8 

9 
10 
11 
12* 
13* 
14* 
15 
16 
17* 
18** 
19 
20* 
21* 
22** 
23** 
24* 
25 
26 
27 * # 

28 

29* 

90 

31 * * 

32** 

33** 

34 

35** 

36 • » 

37* 

38* 

39 

40 

41 ** 

42 

43* 

44 * * 



NAMES. 



Microstylis Wallichii? 
Oberonia indifolia 
sp. 



Liparis sp. 



sp. 

sp. 



Otochilus fuscus 
albus 



Pholidota imbrieata 

undulata 

■ articulata 



sp. . 

T . • 

flavida 



Coelogyne 

— undulata 

fimbriataP . 

— uniflora . . 

barbata . . 

precox? 

maculata . 

Wallichiana 

ocellata 

Gardueriana 

cristata? 



nava? 
sp. 
sp. 
sp. 

sp. 
sp. 



Bolbophyllum leopardinum 

unibellatum 

Khasyanum 

sp. 



sp 

sp 

sp 

sp 

Cirrkopetalum sp 

sp 

sp 

sp 



Size and Colour of Flower. 



Small, par green 
Minute, yellowish 

Small, yellow . . 



Largish, green yellow . . 

Small, deep purple . . . 
„ yellowish brown . 
„ „ and white 
„ white 



„ „ and yellow . . 

„ yellow 

Largish, white 

„ ,, and brown 
„ „ and lateritious 
„ white 



Large, white, yellow, and rose . . 

„ „ and rose . . . . 

„ pale yellow and deep orange 

,, white and yellow . . . . 

„ „ streaked with bright yd. 

Small, brown and yellow . . . 
Large, yellow and brown . . . 
Small, brown and yellow .... 

„ white and brown .... 

,, pale yellow 

„ > white (pretty) . . . . ' 
Largish, pale cinnamon . . . . 
Large, yellow spotted with purple . 

Largish, dull yellow 

Small, greenish 

Largish, bright yellow .... 
Small, white, fragrant 

„ dull purple ...... 



Small, greenish, fragrant 

,, dull purple . . 
Large, brown and yellow 
Largish, dull purple 



Habit. 



Ter. 

Epi. 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ter. 

Epi. 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ter. 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Epi. 

Ter. 

Em. 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ter. 

Epi. 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 



List of Orchideous Plants Indigenous to Assam, etc. — continued. 



No. 



45** 

46* 

47 

48 

49 

50 

51 

52 * * 

53* 

54* 

55* 

56 

57 

58 

59* 

60 

61* 

62 

63* 

64* 

65* 

66** 

67 

68* 

69 

70 

71 

72 * * 

73* 

74* 
75** 
76* 
77 * * 

78** 

79 

80** 

81** 

82** 

83** 

84 

85* 

86* 

87** 

88* 

89** 

90 

91* 

92 

93* 

94* 

95** 

96** 

97* 

98** 



NAMES. 



Cirrliopetalum sp. 
Tricosina suavis 
Eria flava . . 



sp. . . . 

densinora . 

ferruginea 

paniculata 

sp. . . , 

sp. . . . 

— sp. . . , 

— sp. . . 
Aporum anceps 

cuspidatum 

sp. . . . 



sp. 



Dendrobium Pierardi 

— hcterocarpum 

chrysanthum 

Paxtoni 

sp. like ditto 

■ formosum 



— longicornu 

— calceolus 

— sulcatum 

— Jcnkinsii 

— cserulescens 

— nohile . 

— Gibsonii 

— stuposum 
— •Cambridgeanum 

— transparens 

— like do., various 

— Devonianum . 

— Dalhousianum 

— multicaule . 

— Griffithii 

— Farmerii . 

— densiflor. pallid. 

— ditto roseum 

— intermedium 

— sp. 

— sp. 

— sp. 
-sp. 



Size and Colour of Flower. 



Largish, dull purple 

Large, white, purple, and yellow . 
Largisb, dull yellow and brown 
Largisb, white streaked with brown 

„ „ tinged with yellow . 

,, ferruginous 

Small, spotted with purple . . 
Largish, white 

„ „ and dull purple . . 



Minute, rosy 
Small white 



Habit. 



Spathoglottis pubescens 
Arundina bambusifoha 
Pliarus grandifolius . 

■ \Vallichii . . 

— maculata . . 
albus 



Apaturia senilis 
Ania latifolia 
Eulophia virens 
sp. . 



Largish, white, yellow, and brown 
Large, pink and yellow .... 
„ yellow and brown, fragrant 
„ lively yellow and brown 

„ orange and brown . . . 
Very large, white and yell., fragrant 
Large, white and orange .... 
Very dark yellow, rose, and purple 
Large, yellow and purple . . 

„ lively yellow 

„ deep lively purple . . . 

„ white rosy purple . . . 

„ yellow and brown . . . 

Small, white 

Large, lively yellow and brown 

„ deep lively purple . . . 

„ pale rose and purple . . 

,, Lellerose and yellow . . 

,, rose, white, and purple . . 

„ white and purple . . . . 

„ pale yellow and orange . . 

„ lively „ „ . . 

,, white and orange . . . . 

„ pale rose and orange . . . 

„ pale yellow and brown . . 

,, lively orange 

•i ,, yellow and brown 

„ yellow, pink, and brown 

„ pink and yellow . . . . 
Largish, yellow and purple . . . 
Large, pale rose and lively purple . 

„ white, brown, and purple . 



>, „ rosy scented 

Largish, rose and green . 

? 

Large, green and white . 

dull yellow and brown 



Epi. 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ter. 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 



List of Orchideous Plants Indigenous to Assam, etc. — continued. 



No. 



NAMES. 



Size and Colour of Flower. 



99** 
100** 
101** 
102 
103** 
104** 
105** 
106** 
107** 
108** 
109** 
110 
111 
112 
113 
114* 
115** 
116 
117 #* 
118* 
119* 
120 * * 
121** 
122 * * 
123** 

124 * * 

125 * * 
126 
127 
128 
129 * * 
130 
131* 
132 
133* 
134* 
135 
136 
137** 
138 
139 
140* 
141* 
142** 
143** 
144 * * 
145** 
146** 
147 
148 
149* 
150** 
151** 
162 



Eulophia sp. 

sp. 

sp. 



Vanda teres 

cristata 

multiflora 

cserulea 



sp. 
sp. 
sp. 



Camarotis purpurea 
Micropera pallida . 
Saccolabium micrantlium 
— retusum 



papillosum 

calceolare 

sp. like ditto 

caroifolium 

dasypogon . 

appendiculatum 

sp. 



Sarcanthus sp. 

sp. . 

— sp. . 

sp. . 

sp. . 

CEceoclades sp. 
Orides affine 

odoratum 

sp. leaves linear-lau 



Agrostophyllum Khasyanum 
Xipliosium acuminatum . 
Acanthophippium sp. . . 

— ■ sp. . . 

Cymbidium giganteum . 

■ pendulum 

aloifolium 

— ■ eburneum 



rnconspicuum 

longipetalum 

cypenfonum 

sp. . 

sp. . 

sp. . 



sp. 



? Phalsenopsis, sp. 
Euproboscis pygmsea 
Geodorum dilatatum 



sp. 



Platanthera sp. . . 
Peristylus sp. . . 
Habenaria hamigera ? 



Large, deep purple 

,, green and yellow .... 

,, purplish green 

Very large, rosy purple, yellow, and brown 
Largish, greenish, white, and purple 

„ white and rose 
Very large, deep blue . 
Largish, dull purple 

,, „ and green 

„ yellow and brown 
Small, yellow and purple . 

„ pale yellow . . . 

„ rosy 

Largish, lively spotted 
Small, pale yellow and purple 

„ yellow and brown 

„ pale ditto and rose 

„ rosy .... 

„ green and purple 

„ yellow . . . 

„ rosy and deep purple 



Small, rosy .... 
„ white and yellow 



„ rosy red . 
Large, rosy purple 



sweet scented 



Large, like affine, and very sweet scented 

Small, white 

Large „ 

„ dull purple 

„ white streaked .... 
Very large, yellow and brown . 
Large, dull yellow and purple . 



Very large, white 

Small, brown 

Largish, green and purple . . 

Large, fragrant, yellow, and white 
„ brownish purple . . . 

Very large, white 

Large, white and brown . . . 
„ green and dull purple . 
„ yellow and reddish brown 

Minute, yellow 

Large, white, purple, and yellow 
„ deep rosy purple and white 
„ white 

Largish, white, sweet scented . 

Small, green 



List of Orchideous Plants Indigenous to Assam, etc. — continued. 



No. 



NAMES. 



Size and Colour of Flower. 



Habit. 



153 

154 

155* 

156** 

157** 

158** 

159** 

160** 

161** 

162 * * 

163 * * 
164** 
165** 
166** 
167** 
168** 
169** 
170** 
171** 
172 
173 
174 
175** 
176** 
177** 



Habenaria sp. 
sp. 



sp. 



Pogonia Joliana 

sp. . . 

sp. 



Cyrtosia sp 

Spiranthes sp 

Zeuxine sulcata . . . 
Ancectochilus Eoxburghii 



Cypripediuni venustum 



msigne 



Calanthe densiflora 
sp. 



sp. 



Goodyera sp. 



Opkrys sp 
sp 



sp. 



Anthogonium sp. 
Bonatea sp. . . 



Small, yellow . . . 
„ greenish yellow 
„ white . . . . 

Large, white .... 

Small, rosy white . . 

Largish, green . . . 

Small, purple . . . 

Largish, golden yellow 

Small, white .... 



„ rosy white . . 
,, white .... 

Large, green and purple 
„ red and yellow 
„ lively yellow 

Small, brown and yellow 

Large, white and green 
„ „ and yellow 

„ dull purple . . 

Small, white .... 



M ,, dull purple . 

Largish, rosy purple . . 
„ green and purple 
„ rosy .... 

Small green 



Epi. 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 

Ditto 



^Eschynanthus (3 to 4 sp.) ; Hoya (5 or 6 sp.) ; Arum (several) ; 
(1 sp.) ; ISTepenthes (1 sp.) ; Ferns and Lycopodiums (150 to 200 sp.) ; 
(Lmstona, Leoxala, Caryota, Calamus, etc.) are also indigenous, and 
sent if required. 



Lilian) 

Palms 
can be 



Plants not marked are common. 

Ditto marked with an asterisk are considered rare. 

Ditto marked with two asterisks are considered very rare, 
i ±- ^charges for a box of 4 cubic feet measurement, containing an equal se- 
lection of the three kinds, will be £5, or 50Eupees, deliverable at Calcutta When 
Plants which are rare or very rare are required, the charges will be according to 
the kind taken; for the rare, 1R. 8a. a Plant; for the very rare, 2 Rupees a 
made ^^ ^ directed to be 8ent ' no * xtra cl *arge will be 

When new Plants, not included in the list, are sent, a separate charge will 
be made. When two boxes or more are taken, a discount of 10 per cent will be 
allowed. r 

Plants can also be > sent , in glass cases, on the Wardian plan, measuring 2 feet 
6 inches in length 2 feet breadth, and 2 feet 7 inches inlieight, for which an 
extra charge of 20 Rupees will be made. Glass covers can also be supplied for 
the other boxes at an extra charge of 10 Rupees. 

Application to be made to 

Messrs. CHARLES CANTOR & CO., in Calcutta. 

Assam, August, 1852. 






INDEX, 

In which the Latin Names of the Plants contained in the Ninth 
Volume of the Third Series (or Seventy-ninth Volume 
of the* Work) are alphabetically arranged. 






Vlate. 

7 I/O %&40 Abies bracteata. 

4794 Abelia uniflora. 

4G98 Allosorus cordatus. 

4693 Aquilegia Kanaoriensis. 

4728 Azalea amoena. 

4726 crispiflora. 

4746 Begonia biserrata. 

4689 rubro-venia. 

4692 ■ ■ Thwaitesii. 

4744 Berberis concinna. 

4756 Billbergia thyrsoidea. 
4734 Brassavola lineata. 

4741 Bravoa geminiflora. 
4717 Brillantaisia Owariensis. 
4714 Calantlie gracilis. 
4748 Campanula Vidalii. 

4729 Cantos bicolor. 
4700 Cattleya elegans. 
4707 Cereus MacDonaldiaj. 

4753 Cirrhopetalum cornutuin. 
4712 Coelia macrostachya. 
4691 Coelogyne maculata. 

4754 Coleus Blumei. 

4690 Macraei. 

4710 Crossandra flava. 

4755 Dendrobium cymbidioides. 

4708 heterocarpum. 

4711 teretifolium. 

4733 Dicliorisandra leucophthalmos. 

4750 Dictyanthus Pavonii. 

4757 Didymocarpus Humboldtiana. 
S-703 Dipladenia flava. 

4720 Episcia melittifolia. 
4703 Eriogonum compositum. 

4742 Erythrochiton Brasiliense. 



Plate. 

4731 
4701 

4697 
4735 
4706 
4745 
4704 
4739 
4725 
4723 
4724 
1717 
4695 
4699 
4736 
4749 
4752 
4738 
4709 
4705 
4751 
4715 
4696 
4718 
4721 
4730 
4737 
4716 
4743 
4727 
4719 
4713 
4732 
4722 



Fritillaria oxypctala. 
Galeandra Baueri ; var. floribus 
luteis. 

Gaultheria ferruginea. 
Gilia (Leptosiphon) lutea. 
Gymnostacbyum Ceylanicum. 
Hsemanthus insignis. 
Impatiens Hookeriana. 

Jerdonise. 

Lilium roseum. 
Littonia modesta. 
Lopezia macrophylla. 
Metternichia Principis. 
Neptunia plena. 
Notholsena sinuata. 
Pandanus pygmscus. 
Papaver pilosum. 
Passiflora Medusasa. 
Philesia buxifoba. 
Pitcairnia ecliinata. 

macrocalyx. 

Plumieria Jarrtesoni. 
Puya ChiHensis. 

■ sulphurea. 

Rhododendron Dalhousia\ 
'• sdaucuin. 



Rhyncliospernium jasminoidc* 
Sandersonia aurantiaca. 
Schema Mcxicana. 
Semeiandra grandiflora. 
Skimmia Japonica. 
Syphocampylus Orbignianus. 
Vaccinium ovatum. 
Xanthorrhcea llastile. 



INDEX, 

Id which the English Names of the Plants contained in the Ninth 
Volume of the Third Series (or Seventy-ninth Volume 
of the Work) are alphabetically arranged. 



Plate. 

4694 
4698 
4728 
4726 
4704 
4739 
4746 
4689 
4692 
474S 
4744 
4756 
4734 
4741 
4717 
4714 
4729 
4701 

4700 
4707 

1753 
4/12 
4691 
4090 
4754 
4693 
1710 
i i ."> .■> 

4711 

4708 
4733 

4750 
4757 
4702 



Abelia, large-flowered. 

Allosorus, heart-leaved. 

Azalea, bright-flowered. 

crisped-flowered. 

Balsam, Hooker's. 

Mrs. Jerdon's. 

Begonia, doubly-serrated. 

red-veined. 

Mr. Thwaites's. 

Bell-flower, Vidal's. 

Berberry, neat. 

Billbergia, dense-flowered. 

Brassavola, line-leaved. 

Bravoa, twin-flowered. 

Brillantaisia, Owarian. 

Calanthe, slender. 

Cantua, two-coloured. 

Casqucwort, Bauer's ; yellow- 
flowered variety. 

Cattleya, elegant. 

Cereus, Mrs. M'Donald's great 
night-flowering. 

Cirrhopetalum, horn-bearin°\ 

Coi'lia, long-spiked. 

Ccelogyne, spotted-flowered. 

Coleus, Mr. Macrae's. 

Blum'e's. 

Columbine, Kanaor. 

Crossandra, yellow-flowered. 

] >eudrobium, Cymbidium-like. 

round-headed. 

various-fruited. 



Dichorisandra, white-eyed. 
Pictyanthus, Pavon's. 
Didymoearpus, llumboldtian. 
Dipladenia, yellow-flowered . 



Plate. 

4720 

4703 
4742 
4731 
4697 
4706 
4745 
4735 
4725 
4723 
4724 
4747 
4699 
4752 
4738 
4709 
4705 
4751 
4749 
4715 
4696 
4721 
4718 
4730 
4737 

4716 
4743 
1736 

4727 
4719 
4713 
4695 

4732 

4722 



Episcia, Melittis-leaved. 

Eriogonum, twice-umbelled. 

Erytbrochitoii, Brazilian. 

Fritillary, sharp-petaled . 

Gaultheria, rusty. 

Gymnostaehyum, Ceylon. 

Hsemanthus, sbowy. 

Leptosiphon, or Yellow Gilia. 

Lily, rose-coloured. 

Littonia, unassuming:. 

Lopezia, large-leaved. 

Metternichia, princely. 

Notholsena, sinuated. 

Passion-flower, Medusean. 

Philesia, box-leaved. 

Piteairnia, echitiated-flowered. 

large-calyx ed. 

Plumieria, Jameson's. 

Poppy, large hairy. 

Puya, Chilian. 

sulphur-flowered. 

Bbododendron, glaucous-leaved. 

Lady Dalhousie's 

" ' snowy-leaved. 

Bbynchospermum, jasmine-flow- 
ered. 

Sandersonia, golden-flowered. 

Scheeria, Mexican. 

Screw-pine, dwarf. 

Semeiandra, large-flowered. 

Skunmia, Japan. 

Syphocampylus, D'Orbigny's. 

Water-Sensitive, the double yel- 
low. 

Wbortleberry, ovate-leaved. 
Yellow-gum, spear. 



468,9. 




, del. et lift 



Tab. 4689. 
BEGONIA RUBRO-VENIA 

Red-veined Begonia. 



Nat. Ord. BegoniacejE. — Mon(ecia Polyandiua. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4172.) 



Begonia' ruBro-venia ; glaberrima, caule brevi paucifloro, foliis longe petiolatis 
oblique ovatis valde acuminatis inasqualiter dentato-serratis supra albo-macu- 
lutis subtus purpuras, stipulis magnis e lata basi subulatis, pedunculis axilla- 
ribus petiolum superantibus, floribus corymbosis, petalis 4, 2 ext. majoribus 
venis rubris pictis, capsulae rubro-striatas abs duabus brevibus rotundatis 
tertia horizontaliter elongata elliptica obtusa. 



From the stove of Thomas Nuttall, Esq., Rainhill, near Preston, 
Lancashire, having been detected and brought home from Bootan 
by his nephew, Mr. Booth, along with the equally remarkable 
Begonia xanthina, figured at Tab. 4683 of the present work. It 
evidently belongs to the same group or tribe of the extensive 
genus of Begonia as that plant, but is widely different in specific 
character. 

Descr. Root a short thick caudex or rhizoma, sending down 
numerous fibres from beneath. Stem short, scarcely branched, 
and bearing few leaves ; terete, fleshy, red. Leaves two or three 
springing from the root, the rest alternate, rather large, on long, 
grooved, red petioles, from two to four or five inches long : the 
blade of the leaf measures about six inches in length, is obliquely 
(or inequilaterally) ovate, subcordate at the base, much and gra- 
dually acuminated into a long point ; the margins unequally 
dentato-serrated, glabrous (as is the whole plant), the upper side 
dark satiny-green, glossy, marked and dashed with white blotches ; 
the underside of a full but rather dull purple colour, and the veins 
are prominent. Stipules, a pair of opposite ones at the base of 
the petioles, large, membranous, from a broad base tapering into 
a subulate point, yellowish-green with a red central line. Pedun- 
cles axillary, solitary, red, terete, longer than the petiole and 
much slenderer, erect, bearing a corymb of eight to ten or more 

JANUARY 1st, 1853. 



drooping flowers. Male and female flowers each with four 
spreading white sepals, the male the largest ; in both, the two 
outer and larger, cordato-rotundate, slightly concave ones are the 
largest, and beautifully and longitudinally veined with red ; the 
inner and smaller sepals are nearly elliptical and pure white. 
Anthers yellow, in a compact capitulum. Fruit three-winged, 
beautifully striated transversely with red ; two of the wings short 
and rounded ; the third very much elongated transversely and 
obtuse. 



Fig. 1. Fruit: — magnified, 



4-60V 




Pit en. A- 



Tab. 4690. 
COLEUS Macrae] 

Mr. Macrae s Coleus. 



Nat. Ord. Labiate. — Didynamia Angiospermia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx ovato-campanulatus, fructifer declinatus v. reflexus, rarius 
suberectus,/a«ee intus nuda vel hispida, 5-dentatus v. bilabiatus, dente supremo 
ovato membranaceo marginibus rarius decurrentibus, inferioribus angustioribus, 
omnibus acutis v. lateralibus ovato-truncatis, 2 infimis sfcpe inter se connatis. 
Corolla tubo exserto declinato, decurvo v. ssepius defracto, fauce inflata v. aequali, 
limbo bilabiato, labio superiore abbreviato obtuso 3-4-fido, inferiore integro 
elongato concavo, sa3pius cymbiformi, genitalia involvente. Stamina 4. Fila- 
menta edentula, basi in tubum stylum vaginantem conn ex a. Stylus apice subu- 
latus, sequaliter bifidus. Nuculce subrotundato-compressse, lseves. — Herbae an- 
nua v. basi per ennantes, rarius frutices. Verticillastri sexjlori v. scepius multiflori, 
nunc densissimi, nunc laxi, cymceformes, pedunculo communi utriusque cymes rariusve 
utrinque binis plus minusve elongatis. Polia floralia bracteaforinia, ante anthesin 
ad apicem racemorum plus minusve comosa, per anthesin decidua v. rarius subpersis- 
tentia, reflexa. — Species pleraque Asiatics, perpaucce Africans. Benth. 



Coleus Macraei ; pubescens, foliis longe petiolatis ovatis acuminatis (discoloribus) 
basi rotundatis vel cuneatis, floralibus deciduis, racemis paniculato-ramosis, 
verticillastris quadrifariam cymosis, pedunculo communi utrinque subnullo, 
ramis valde elongatis, pedicellis brevissimis, calycibus fructiferis nutantibus 
glabris basi subinflatis, intus fauce nuda, dente supremo ovato acutiusculo, 
marginibus revolutis, inferioribus lanceolatis acutis, 2 lateralibus ultra me- 
dium invicem connatis, corollas tubo exserto fauce amplissima, labio infe- 
riore elongato porrecto. Benth. 

Coleus Macraei. Benth. Gen. etSp. Labiat.p. 58; et in Be Cand. Prodr. p. 12. 
jo. 77. Walp. Eepert. Bot. v. 3. p. 519. 



Raised from seeds sent to the Royal Gardens of Kew from 
Ceylon by Mr. Thwaites. The plants flowered in the stove 
during the summer and autumn of 1852, and made a really 
handsome appearance from their copious ample foliage, of a rich 
purple colour beneath, and from their large panicles of flowers, 
variegated with white and dark purple. The structure of the 
corolla is very curious in the sudden geniculation near the 

JANUARY 1ST. 1853. 



middle of the tube, in the ample and compressed faux, and 
especially in the large boat-shaped lower lip. The style, too, 
is bent at an angle in conformity with the tube of the corolla. 
The species seems to be confined to the island of Ceylon. Mr. 
Bentham notices its affinity with C. Malabaricus, " a quo differt 
foliis multo minoribus angustioribus et inflorescentia." 

Descr. Nearly glabrous in every part. Stems two *o three 
feet high, quadrangular, dark purple, branched, with opposite 
branches. Leaves varying much in size, the lower ones six 
inches long, with petioles four to five inches long ; upper ones 
gradually smaller and on shorter petioles; all of them ovate, 
acuminate, serrated, submembranaceous, somewhat glossy, dark- 
green above, beneath deeply purple, as are the petioles ; the veins 
pinnated, with the lateral ones united by cross veinlets. Panicle 
large, terminal ; branches opposite, bracteated at the setting on 
of the branches and under the whorls ; bracts greenish-purple, 
broad ovate, mucronated. Pedicels very short. Calyx small, 
cup-shaped : upper lip of one large cordate acuminated tooth ; 
lower lip quadridentate, spreading. Corolla large, white : the 
tube long, slender, below gibbous on one side at the base, sud- 
denly geniculated or bent at an angle near the middle ; the faux 
very large, compressed : upper lip erect, broad, truncated, two- 
lobed, with a large purple blotch, each lobe emarginated ; lower 
lip very large, boat-shaped, acute. Stamens lodged in the lower 
lip, and not protruded beyond it. Anthers short, oblong, apicu- 
late. Ovary with a very large fleshy gland, twice the size of the 
ovary. Style filiform, bent at an angle where the geniculation of 
the corolla takes place, dilated upwards : Stigma bifid. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Pistil -.—magnified. 



4-6S4. 




T. Reeve , 



Tab. 4691. 
CCELOGYNE maculata. 

Spotted-flowered Ccelogyne. 



Nat. Ord. Orchidb^e. — Gtnandria Monandria. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 4440.) 



Ccelogyne maculata ; pseudobulbis depresso-rotundatis basi tuberculatis, fobis 
(serotinis) " lanceolatis plicatis," floribus radicalibus, pedunculo brevi vagi- 
nato, labelli lobis lateralibus abbreviatis integris, intermedio ovato retuso 
undulato lineis 5 rectis denticulatis albis inter stitiis purpureis. 

Ccelogyne maculata. Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orchid, p. 43 ; et in Wall. Plant. 
Asiat. Rarior. v. l.p. 45. t. 53. 

Pleione maculata. Lindl. et Paxt. Flower Gard. v. 2. t. 39. 

Gomphostylis Candida. " Wallich Ic. Pict. in Museo Anglico-Indico, n. 651." 
Lindl.) 



A scarcely less beautiful species of Ccelogyne than that we 
figured at Tab. 4446 of this work (C. Wattichii) ; and it inhabits 
the same country, growing on rocks in Khasya (Wallich, J. D. 
Hooker, and Thomson) and in Assam, from which latter country 
it was sent by Mr. Simons to the Royal Gardens of Kew. With 
us it flowered in October. The leaves are unfortunately not pro- 
duced at the same time with the flowers ; and the pseudo-bulbs, 
though richly coloured with brown and green, and thus contrast- 
ing with the white sepals of the flowers, are strangely misshapen, 
and below, especially, tuberculated almost like a Mammillaria. 
It belongs to Dr. Lindley's section of this now very numerous 
genus, Gomphostylis (Wall. MS. Pleione*, Bon): "Folia sero- 

* In the ' Flower Garden' Dr. Lindley has adopted Don's genus Pleione for this plant, but 
lit' »peab cautiously of the necessity of so doing ; " The habit of the plants (of the genus Pleione) 
is so peculiar that it seems desirable to separate them from C<nlogyne, if any character can be 
Imi nd; and we think the membranous bracts and strongly saccate lip, with fringed veins of 
Pleione, may be taken to offer a sufficient distinction from Ccelogyne, with its horny or carti- 
laicinons deciduous bracts, and lip merely concave at the base, with two or three continuous crests 
rising up from the veins." The species thus referred to Pleione arc, besides our maculata, P. 
lagautna, P. WallicMana, l\ prcccox, P. kumilis, and P. diphylta. 

JANUARY 1ST, 1853. 



tina. Pseudo-bulbi vaginis reticularis tecti, cute tenera nee 
cornea, lucida. Flores solitarii, radicales, pedunculo vaginato. 
Labellum fimbriatum, basi saccatum. Columna apice petaloidea, 
cucullata. Pollinia materie granulosa cohaerentia." 

Descr. Our plant has at present exhibited no leaves : these 
are described by Dr. Lindley as lanceolate and plicate. The 
pseudo-bulbs are moderately large, subrotund, singularly depressed 
at the top, so as to form a kind of ring around a short thick beak, 
whence the leaves have fallen ; dark green, glossy, the base tu- 
berculated, and partially clothed with brown, imbricating scales. 
Mowers, one or two from the sides of each pseudo-bulb, and 
springing from near the fibrous roots. Peduncle short, sheathed 
below with ventricose green scales ; above bearing a large mem- 
branous spathaceous bract. Flower moderately large. Sepals 
spreading, white, narrow, lanceolate, sometimes with a streak of 
purple towards the apex. Lip oblong, white, three-lobed ; the 
lateral lobes short, incurved, marked with oblique purple lines ; 
middle lobe broad, ovate, retuse, waved, spotted with purple, the 
disc for its whole length bearing five elevated fringed lamella, 
with a purple line between them. Column slender, semiterete, 
white with two red streaks in front, the apex dilated into a peta- 
.loid white hood, with a tooth on each side. Anther-case white, 
sunk in the cucullate apex of the column. 



Fig. 1. Lip. 2. Column -.—magnified. 



4-6 '9Z. 




Tab. 4692. 
BEGONIA Thwaitesii. 

Mr. Thwaitess Begonia. 



Nat. Ord. BEGONiACEiE. — Moncecia Polyandria. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4172.) 



Begonia Thwaitesii; acaulis, foliis vix insequilateralibus longiuscule petiolatis 
cordatis acutis vel acuminatis obscure lobatis crenato-serratis intense viridi- 
purpureis albo-maculatis supeme subtusve puis copiosis purpureis velu- 
tinis marginibus nudis, stipulis ovatis acuminatis, scapis plurimis petiobs 
brevioribus, floribus subumbellatis tetrasepalis, capsulae angulis tribus brevi- 
bus rotunda tis suba3qualibus duplicato-cibatis. 



Among the many handsome new species of this most extensive 
genus, I scarcely know one with more richly-coloured foliage 
than the present, nor one that better deserves to bear the name 
of its discoverer, Mr. Thwaites, the present able superinten- 
dent of the Botanic Garden at Peradenia, Ceylon. We are in- 
debted to that gentleman for living plants of it, which flowered 
in a warm stove in June of the present year, 1852. The flowers 
are moderately large, white, tinged with pink; but they are quite 
thrown in the background by the comparatively large highly- 
coloured coppery leaves, clothed on both surfaces with the deep 
red-purple velvety hairs, the edge being free from hairs. By 
these leaves, and by the nearly equal and short wings of the fruit, 
bearing a double row of hairs, the species is readily distinguished. 

Descr. Leaves altogether radical, springing several from one 
point on longish petioles, which are stipulated at the base : their 
form is broad, cordate, scarcely unequally sided ; the sinus deep, 
the lobes rounded, the apex acute or acuminated, the margin (not 
hairy) slightly lobed (especially the larger ones), and crenato- 
dentate : the colour is rich coppery, a mixture of green and red- 
purple, redder beneath, the upper surface frequently blotched 
with white ; a still greater richness of colour is given to both 
surfaces by the copious deep purple velvety hairs, which do not 

JANUARY 1ST, 1853. 



however extend to the edge. Scapes shorter than the petioles. 
Mowers subumbellate. Flowers moderately large, and nearly the 
same size in the male as in the female. Sepals four, white, 
tinged with pink, especially the two outer ones, which are large, 
more rotundate than the inner ones. Capsule subrhomboid in 
outline, triquetrous, marked with transverse veins; the angles 
furnished with wings nearly equal in size, small, rounded, and 
ciliated with a double row of hairs. 



Fig. 1. Capsule: — magnified. 



4- 6 $3. 




Y . He eve , imx 



Tab. 4693. 

AQUILEGIA Kanaoriensis. 

Kanaor Columbine. 



Nat. Ord. RANUNCULACEiE.— POLYANDRIA PENTAGYNIA. 

Gen. Char. Calyx 5-sepalus, deciduus, colorato-petaloideus ; petala 5, superne 
luantia, bilabiate, labio snperiore magno piano, interiore miniiao, deorsura pro- 
ducto in calcaria totidem cava apice callosa inter sepala exserta. Ovaria 5. 
Capsula totidem, erectse, polyspermy stylis acuminata. Be Cand. 



Aquilegia Kanaoriensis ; caule petiolis pedunculisque glandnloso-puberulis, cal- 
caribus rectis foliola calycina sequantibus, limbo petalorum obovato, stami- 
nibus stylisque petalis brevioribus, fractious pilosiusculis. Cambess. 

Aquilegia Kanaoriensis. Jacquem. MS. Cambess. in Jacquem. Voy. Bot. p. 7. 
t. 5. Walp. Repert. Bot. v. I. p. 51. 



In the present species of Columbine, sent from Western 
Himalaya to the Royal Gardens of Kew by Dr. Thos. Thomson, 
we cannot boast of flowers to be compared with the American 
Aquilegia leptoceras, which we figured at our Tab. 4407 ; but 
we have here a plant in all respects much more nearly resem- 
bling our A. vulgaris, yet distinguished from it in all the speci- 
mens we have seen, both wild and cultivated, by the erect, not 
incurved, spurs of the petals, and the glandularly pubescent pe- 
duncles and flowers (externally). I am aware that Dr. Thomson, 
who has seen the plant abundantly in its native locality, and 
Dr. Hooker, who is at this moment engaged with him in a 
careful investigation of all the Indian Banunculacea, are of 
opinion that this can only be considered a form of our A. vul- 
garis, and that they have seen what they consider intermediate 
states. Assuredly in our Garden the two have a very different 
appearance and tangible characters. M. Jacquemont found it at 
Kanaor, and between Cashmere and Tibet, at elevations of from 
3450 to 3500 metres; Dr. Thomson in the upper part of the 
the Piti valley, and in all the drier parts of North-west Himalaya, 
from Cashmere to Kamaon, at elevations varying from 10,000 to 

JANUARY 1ST, 1858. 



15,000 feet. With us it flowers in the open border in May and 
June. 

Desce. Our plants have not attained to more than twelve or 
fourteen inches in height, and are entirely of a very glaucous hue. 
Baclical leaves on long footstalks, bi-tri-ternate : all the leaflets 
petiolate, cuneate, three-lobed: terminal lobes generally trifid, 
and more or less incised ; lateral lobes often and again cut into 
two or three large teeth : cauline leaves remote, on shorter and 
less divided or less compound petioles ; the uppermost leaf of all 
often reduced to a lanceolate bractea. The stem is divided into 
two or three branches, each branch terminating in a rather elon- 
gated peduncle, bearing a single drooping flower of a purplish- 
blue colour, the petals white at the apices : in general shape re- 
sembling our common A. vulgaris ; but all the spurs are straight 
(not incurved), capitate at the apex. 



4-604-. 




"F . Re<r 



Tab. 4694 
abelia uniflora. 

Large-flowered Abelia. 



Nat. Ord. CaprifoliacejE.— Pentandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx tubo cum ovario connato, lineari-oblongo, compressiusculo, 
hinc nninervi inde quinquenervi, apice in collum subangnstato, limbi superi quin- 
quepartiti laciniis foliaceis, spathulato-oblongis, persistentibus. Corolla supera 
infundibuliformis, limbi quinquefidi patentis laciniis ovatis obtusis subsequakbus. 
Stamina 4, corolla tubo inserts, subdidynama, inclusa v. breviter exserta. Ovarium 
inferum, triloculare, loculis duobus pluriovulatis abortientibus, tertio aniovulato 
fertili. ' Ovula anguli centrali loculorum inserta, sterilium uniseriata, infenora 
pendula, supremum adscendens, loculi fertilis pendulum, anatropum. Stylus sub- 
exsertus. Stigma depresso-capitatum, indivisum. Bacca conacea, exsucca, ca- 
lycis limbo coronata, trilocularis, loculis duobus sterilibus mmonbus, tertio tertdi 
monospermo. Semen inversum, subcylindricum. Embryo in axi albumims car- 
nosi brevis, ortliotropus, cotyledonibus obtusis, radicula umbihco proxima su- 
pera.— Frutices Chinenses et Indici, decumbentes v. erecti, debiks, glabri ,; tolns 
oppo 
fidis, 
bus. Endl. 



oppositis, petiolatis, dentato-crenatis, pedunculis modo axillaribiis trwhotomis v.tn- 
fidis, modo terminalibus indivisis, involucro uni-bi-multifloro, fokoks sex v. plurt- 



Abelia unifiora ; foliis oppositis ternisque ovato-lanceolatis acummatis subcoria- 
ceis acute serratis, pedunculis 1-3-floris, bracteolis ad basin ovarn tnbus, 
sepalis 2-4 oblongo-subspathulatis corolks duplo brevionbus, stamimbus 
vix exsertis. 

Vuelia uniflora. Br. in Wallkh, Plant. Asiat. Bar. v. 1. under Tab. 15. Be 
Cand. Prod, v. 1. p. 339. Lindl. Bot. Beg. 1846, under Tab. 8 ; and Paxt. 
Fl. Gard. v. 2. p. 145, with woodcut. Walp. Repert. Bot. v. 6. p. 6. 

Abelia serrata. Siebold et Zuccar. Fl. Japan, v. 1. t. 31. 



Introduced by Mr. Fortune, from the north of China, to the 
nursery of Messrs. Standish and Noble, where it has survived 
the winter, in the open air, without any protection, and promises 
to be not. only a hardy but an ornamental shrub. With us, in a 
cool greenhouse, it has flowered in June. It is considered by 
Dr. Lindley to be the Abelia uniflora of Mr. Brown, m Walhch s 
' Plantse Asiatics Rariores' (without character), on the ground of 
its being a plant of Mr. Reeves', known to be the same as the 

i.\NLAin 1st, 1853. 



present. The name however is unhappily chosen, for our living 
plants bear frequently three flowers from a peduncle. Dr. 
Lindley justly observes that Siebold and Zuccarini's A. serrata 
of Japan is very near our present plant ; and a small authentic 
specimen I have in my possession would tend to confirm that 
opinion. The pubescence is a variable character, and so as- 
suredly is the degree of serrature on the leaves, so likewise the 
size of the flowers and the number of sepals. In our specimens 
the latter vary from two to four : in the A. serrata they are de- 
scribed as five. ' 

Descr. A spreading, somewhat decumbent, small shrub, with 
slender branches and usually opposite, but sometimes ternate, 
broad, lanceolate, shortly petiolate, acuminated, subcoriaceous, 
dark green, perennial leaves, pale beneath. Peduncles axillary 
short, scarcely longer than the petioles, bearing one to three 
«Z GTS A A C t JX ' tube oblon g-cylindrical, furrowed, slightly hairy, 

Ten rait of ? ™ kT^ ° f ^ Sma11 W ^ " ^ SB 
fate till W i'k Ut VaiTmg 1 10 three and four > oblong-spathu- 
bu tl TL* I^T' i Fea ? mg ****' lon g er tha * the tube, 
tited wi h bl t i^ e ? gtl \° f thG C0r0lla - ^rolla white 
Krl? ^ Me infund »nn, narrow, dilated a 
the base into an obtuse spur; the limb obscurely two-lipned • 

wl; yel low "° V*' h r y °\ t[ \ e l0Wer Surface > and " d 
Ci^\ h ?«Z m T T lnded > did J na ^s; style rather 
ion G er than the stamens, slender ; stigma capitate. 



4-4S6 




1. Reeve. 



Tab. 4695. 
NEPTUNIA plena. 

The Double Yellow Water-Sensitive. 

Nat. Ord. Lequminos^e. — Decandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Mores superiores, v. rarius omucs, hermaphroditi, sessiles. Calyx 
campanulatus. Petala 5, ad medium cohserentia v. rarius libera. Stamina 10, 
rarius 5, libera, exserta. Jntherce ovatae, glandula stipitata superatte. Flores 
inf'eriores nunc neutri filamentis filiformibus anantheris, nunc masculi. Legumen 
oblongura, a stipite defiexum, planum, continuum, valvulis 2 membranaceis de- 
hiscens, intus inter semina incomplete septatum, epulposum. Semina transversa, 
t'uniculo fibformi appensa. — Herba) suffruticesve inermes, prostrate vel natantes. 
Folia bipinnata, foliolis parvis. Glandula inter v. infra pinnasjugi infirm v. sapius 
nulla. Stipulse membranacece, oblique cordate, acuminata. Pedunculi axillares, 
solitarii, bracteis 1-2 stipulaformibus onusti. Capitulum ad apicem pedunculi 
ovato-globosum. Benth. 



Neptunia plena ; prostrata v. adscendens, glabra v. hinc inde minute pubenila, 
ramis compressis triquetrisve, pinnis 3-5-jugis glandulis inter pinnas in- 
fimas, foliolis 12-40-jugis, capitulis ovoideis, floribus neutris numerosis, 
staminibus 10, legumine breviter stipitato 5-20-spermo. Benth. 

Neptunia plena. Benth. in Hook. Journ. of Bot. v. 4. p. 35. Lindl. Bot, ll<-g. 
1846. t. 3. 

Neptunia polyphylla. Benth. 1. c. v. 2. p. 129. 

Desmanthus plenus. mild. Sp. PL v. 4. p. 1045. Be Cand. Prodr. v. %.p. I ■» ■ 1 . 

Desmanthus punctatus. Willd. I. c. p. 1047. Be Cand, Prodr. v. 2. p. 444. 

Desmanthus polyphyllus. Be Cand. Prodr. v. 2. p. 444. 

Mimosa plena. Linn. Sp. PL 1502. Mill. k. t. 182./. 2. 

Mimosa punctata. Linn. Sp. PL 1502. 

Mimosa adenanthera. Roxb. Fl. Ind. v. 2. p. 554. 



The above are the synonyms adduced by Mr. Bentham as all 
belonging to this very curious, and, in respect of cultivation, rare 
aquatic. It is a native of the tropics, both of the Old World 
(the East Indies) and of the New World (West Indies and the 
mainland of South America). Mr. Purdie introduced it to our 
Aquaria at Syon and at Kew from Jamaica ; but we fear it has 
now disappeared at both establishments. The white spongy 

FEBRUARY 1 ST, 1853. 



lower portion of the stems, full of air-cells, enabling it to float, 
are very remarkable. From the more slender and deeply striated 
and furrowed portions the leaves and flower-stalks appear : the 
former are as irritable in the petioles and leaflets as are those of 
the common Humble-plant, and of an extremely delicate yellow- 
green colour. The flowers are minute, but they are collected 
into a large ovoid head, the lower half of which is quite yellow 
from the numerous dilated and subpetaloid antherless stamens. 
True stamens are only found in the upper flowers, and we have 
not in our specimens seen any pistils. It flowered in the sum- 
mer months with us. 

Descr. Plant floating. Stems prostrate, branched, downy, 
deeply furrowed on the lower portion, or that bearing the nu- 
merous, plumose, calyptrate fibres, very thick, swollen, white 
and spongy. Leaves alternate, remote, set on as it were by 
an articulated, purple, swollen base, pari-bipinnate, highly sensi- 
tive ; ptnna three to five pairs, distant, nearlv sessile, linear- 
oblong ; leaflets numerous, crowded, linear, obtuse. Stipules ob- 
liquely ovate, much acuminate, dimidiate, membranaceous, co- 
loured. Just below the setting on of the lower pinna) is a con- 
spicuous gland. Peduncle axillary, nearly as long as the leaf 
with one or two bracteas, like the stipules of the leaves. Flowers 
smal , collected into a head an inch and a half or more Ion- 
ovoid and remarkable for the upper part bearing perfect stamens 
no pistils in our specimens) : in the lower numerous flowers the 
stamens are all petaloid and yellow, linear-lanceolate, tapering at 

and hn ceZ " t?" £** ° f ^ antherife ™s flowers small 
and lanceolate. The anthers orange-brown. 



or !f£^^^ lower ^ of * -*** *■ *-« *- «■ *« 



4696. 







Tab. 4696. 
puya sulphurea. 

Sulphur-flowered Pity a. 



Nat. Ord. Bromeliace^e. — Hexandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4309.) 



Puya sulpJmrea ; acaulis, foliis inerraibus lineari-lanceolatis tenui-acuminatis ob- 
scure nervosis basi angustatis canaliculars, spica solitaria pedunculata (una 
cum pedunculo folia subsuperantibus) strobiliformi apice acuminata, bracteis 
infenoribus foliaceis, superioribus (floriferis) ovatis anguste acuminatis erec- 
tis concavis dense imbricatis purpureo-rufis apice viridibus, floribus sessili- 
bus sulphureis longe exsertis, petalis squama bifida prope basin, staminibus 
subinclusis. 

Puya sulphurea. Hort. Eernhauss. 



Although this is far inferior in point of beauty and of size 
to the splendid Puya Altensteinii, var. gigantea, figured at our 
Tab. 4309, it is nevertheless a handsome-looking plant, and has 
the merit of flowering in the winter months (with us in Decem- 
ber). We received it from the Royal Garden of Hernhaussen, 
under the name we have retained ; but who is the author of the 
name, or whether or not anywhere published, and even regarding 
the native country, we are ignorant. The genus (of Molina) is 
the same as Pourretia of Ruiz and Pavon, Pitcairnia of other 
authors, from which latter genus it is, according to Schultes, dis- 
tinguished, " prater habitant, in calyce perfecte infero, plus minus 
subspiraliter convoluto, in antheris linearibus, incumbentibus, in 
capsulap valvulis septiferis, et in seminibus compressis membrana 
brevi cinctis." We are not in a condition to verify the majority 
of these characters ; but we are satisfied that the whole of the 
Bromeliaceous family requires a careful revision, which is unfor- 
tunately difficult from such dried specimens as exist in our 
Herbarium ; and besides comparatively few species are found in 
cultivation, by no means so many as deserve to be. Of the pre- 
sent genus, only five species are taken up in Schultes, and the 
present is certainly not among them. 

FEBRUARY 1st, 1858 



Descii. The principal leaves of our plant spring directly from 
the root ; they are two to three feet long (the longest of them 
nearly three inches wide in the broadest part), and they gradually 
taper to a long point upwards, while below they lengthen into a 
narrow channelled base ; glabrous, as is every part of the plant, 
full dark green, slightly waved at the edge, and furrowed above 
in the centre and keeled at the back, quite entire. From the 
centre of the plant the peduncle arises, two feet or more long, 
leafy below, the leaves like those from the root,, but smaller, 
passing gradually into bracteas, which latter form an imbricated 
long cone-like spike, a span to a foot and more long, tapering to a 
point; these bracteas are erect, concave, purple-red, tapering into a 
slender, rather pungent, subulate, green point. The moderately 
large, pale, sulphur-coloured Jlowers are protruded much beyond 
the bracteas, and are sessile. Calycine leaves less than half the 
length of three unequal slightly-twisted petals, each of which has 
a bitid scale within at the base. Stamens about equal in length 
with the petals. Anthers yellow. Ovary free, pyramidal. Style 
slender, filiform, rather longer than the stamens. Stigmas three, 
spiral, twisted. 



Tig. 1. Flower -.—natural size. 2. Pistil: — magnified. 3. Petal seen from 
within : — magnified. 



4697. 




Mtch,del ot .lith.. 



Tab. 4697. 
GAULTHERIA ferruginea, 

Rusty Gaultheria. 



Nat. Ord. Ericaceae. — Decandeia Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx 5-lobus, demum ampliatus, plus minus baccatus et capsu- 
lam ambiens aut fovens. Corolla ovata, ore saepe contracta, 5 -dentate. Stamina 
10, inclusa ; filameatis sncpe villosis ; antheris 4-aristatis nempe apice bifidis, 
loculis 2-aristatis rarissime muticis. Stylus filiformis. Stigma obtusum. Squama 
hypogynae 10 distinctse aut concretae. Capsnla depresso-globosa, 5-locularis, 
5-sulcate, 5-valvis, valvis septiferis, loculicido-dehiscentibus. Placenta axi ad- 
natse. Semina.Ta.\xm.t,ro%a, parva, testa subreticulata. — Frutices aut rarius arbus- 
culse, ex America, rarius ex India, orti. Folia alterna, sempervirentia, dentata aut 
integerrima. Pedicelli nunc axillares uniflori, nunc in racemum terminalem dis- 
positi, hibracteolati. Corolla? alba, rosea, aut coccinea. Be Cand. 



Gaultheria ferruginea; ramulis rachibus pedicellisqueferrugineo-hirsutis glan- 
dulosoque pilosis, foliis breviter petiolatis ovatis mucrone calloso acutis supra 
Iambus subtus reticulatis parce pilosis serratis superioribus ciliatis, raceinis 
terminalibus multibracteatis, bracteis coloratis dorso hirsutis demum glabra- 
tis, calycibus corollisque urceolatis hirsutis roseo-coccineis. 

Gaultheria ferruginea. Cham, et Schlecht. in Linnaa, v. 1. p. 524. Be Cand. 
Prodr. v. 7. p. 595. 

Gaultheria tomentosa. Spreng. Syst. Veget. Cur. post. p. 159, non Kunth. 

Andromeda hirsute. Arrah.Fl. Flum. v. 4. p. 1. /. 99. 



Raised at the Comely Bank Nursery, Edinburgh, from seeds 
sent by the late Mr. Gardner from the Organ Mountains, Brazil. 
It appears also in the sets of that zealous botanist's distributed 
collections. It is certainly variable in the shape of the leaves, 
and in the degree of hairiness, and in the deciduous nature of 
the hairs, in the presence or absence of glandular hairs, and 
variable in the length and direction of the racemes, and in the 
size of the bracteas. We have every reason to believe that Cha- 
misso and Schlechtendal's and De Candolle's G. ferruginea is 
identical with this ; but we fear a considerable number of the 
species from tropical America, given in De Candolle's third divi- 
sion of Gaultheria, "floribus racemosis, bracteis amplis sicco- 

IKHRUARY 1ST. 1853. 



membranaceis, bract eolis in medio aut basi pedicelli," those num- 
bered from 22 to ;37 inclusive, will be found too closely allied to 
our plant. G. bracteata, figured at our Tab. 44G1, a native of 
New Grenada and even Mexico, has many points in common 
with it ; nor should we be surprised if it prove the same as to 
species, less hairy in the flowers and pedicels, and having much 
broader, and indeed truly cordate leaves. Our flowering speci- 
mens were in perfection in June. It is a truly handsome plant, 
but will probably be found difficult to keep in cultivation, as are 
so many lofty Andine plants. 

Descr. A small branching shrub, the younger branches, and 
even the young leaves, the rachises of the racemes, and the 
pedicels, clothed generally with copious spreading rufous hairs, 
more or less mixed with glandular hairs. Leaves on very short 
petioles, almost sessile, ovate or oblong (as in our figure), but 
sometimes more tapering at the base, at other times almost cor- 
date there, serrated at the margin, the apex tipped with a callous 
point, the old ones generally quite glabrous, the less mature ones 
ciliated ; some are more or less hairy beneath, penninerved, sub- 
reticulated, most so beneath. Macemes terminal, and from the 
axils of the upper leaves, varying in length and in direction, usu- 
ally spreading, the pedicels secund, all pointing downwards, ra- 
ther long, the young ones covered with red imbricated bracteas, 
which are more distant as the raceme becomes more fully deve- 
loped, and more or less clothed with deciduous hairs. Calyx 
ample, deeply cut into five moderately spreading hairy lobes. 
Corolla large for the size of the plant, urceolate ; the mouth con- 
tracted, five-toothed. Stamens ten. Filaments subulate, clothed 
with spreading hairs. Anthers opening by pores at the apex, 
each cell bearing two erect awns, nearly as long as themselves. 
Ovary depresso-globose, five-lobed, free. Style included. Stigma 
obtuse. 



Fig. 1. Pedicel with its two bracteoles near the base and flower. 2. Stamen. 
3. Pistil: — magnified. 



46 98. 




Tab. 4698. 
ALLOSORUS cordatus. 

Heart-leaved Allosorus. 



Nat. Ord. Filices. — Cryptqgamia Filices. 

Gen. Char. Sori marginales, primum subrotundi discreti, citissime confluentes 
et turn lineares continui, margine frondis crenato-plicato revoluto et indusio ob- 
tecti. Indusium marginarium, lineare, continuum, menibranaceo-scariosum, pla- 
num aut plicatum. Capsulce sessiles v. subsessiles. — Rhizome subglobosum aut 
repens. Frondes fasciculatce aut sparsce, coriacece aut herbacece, pbmatim compo- 
site et sup?-adecomposit(£, fertiles pinnulis laciniisque multo angustioribus. ^ en a' 
pinnata, creberriirxe, interna, tenuissinue, nni-bi-tri-quadrifurcata, venulis parallelis 
apice clavulato libero terminatis. Species plurimce intratropicce, pauciores extra- 
tropicce. Presl. 



Allosorus cordatus; caudice repente pallide paleaceo, fronde ovato-oblonga 
coriacea bipinnata rarius inferne tripinnata, pinnulis brevissirae petiolulatis 
cordato-ovatis obtusis distincte venosis glanduloso-pubescentibus, stipitc 
paleaceo rachibusque strictiusculis stramineis rachi communi valida. 

Allosorus cordatus. Presl, Tent. Pterid. p. 153. Kunze, in Linnaa, v. 13. 
p. 135. 

Pteris cordata. Cavan. Pral. 1801. n. 662. Sic. Syn. Fit. p. 106. Willd. Sp. 
PL v. 5. p. 392. Presl, Beliq. Hank. v. 1. p. 57. H. B. K. Nov. Gen. Am. 
v. 1. p. 15. 

Platyloma cordata. J. Sm. in Bot. Mag. Comp.p. 21. 

PelljEA, Fee (but not his P. cordata, which is a Cape plant of Sieber). 



With the figures and descriptions we propose from time to 
time to give of the Ferns, which are now such general favourites 
with cultivators, and so beautiful in their form and structure, it 
is not our intention to discuss the merits or otherwise of the se- 
veral opinions that prevail respecting the limits of genera. Almost 
every writer on Ferns entertains his own peculiar views on this 
subject, and there is, with the more recent writers at least, a ten- 
dency to multiply genera on the ground of the slightest dif- 
ferences in the fructification or venation. Our object here will 
rather be to take a middle course ; and our opinion has long been 
recorded that Presl's system, as given in his ' Tentamen Pterido- 
graphiae,' is the best yet given, and that which is most generally 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1853. 



approved. His characters will therefore generally be adopted, 
with perhaps some slight modifications. We follow him in 
placing the plant in the genus AUosorus, though it is difficult to 
express in words how it differs from Pteris ; and with him it 
includes plants differing much in habit. 

AUosorus cordatus is a native of Mexico and New Grenada : 
nearly allied to AUosorus flexuosus (Kaulf., Pteris, Link, et Hook. 
Ic. PL Par. t. 119, but that is a climbing plant), and still more 
so to A. sagittatus, Presl, in Schkuhr, Fil. Suppl. t. xxiv. ; nor 
are we sure that the last is specifically distinct, Our figure 
is taken from fertile plants* in a cool greenhouse of the Royal 
Garden, December, 1852, where they were reared from seed 
in 1842. 

Descr. PMzoma short, creeping, almost as thick as one's little 
finger, if we include the closely imbricated subulate scales with 
which it is densely clothed. Stipites aggregated, stout, from six 
inches to nearly a foot long, straw-coloured, clothed for a good 
part of the way from the base with numerous pale-coloured, 
scattered, subulate, chaffy scales. Main rachis straight, stout, 
and, as well as the slightly flexuose, slender partial rachises, of 
the same colour as the stipes. Frond almost a foot long when 
fully developed, oblong-ovate in circumscription, bipinnate, more 
rarely below tripinnate. Pinnules coriaceous, downy or more 
or less hairy, those on the upper side, towards the margin, glan- 
dular, ovato-cordate, the base unequal, nearly sessile, obtuse, ge- 
nerally all fertile, penniveined, the veins compact, two or three or 
more times forked. The margins much reflexed, and somewhat 
membranous at the edge, and thus constituting the continuous 
involucre covering the sori. 



Fig. 1. Pinnule -.—magnified. ■>.. Portion of the same .—more magnified. 



48 99. 




"F.Ree-- 



Tab. 4699. 
NOTHOL^ENA sinuata. 

Sinuated NotJwlena. 



Nat. Ord. Filices. — Cryptogamia Filices. 

Gen. Char. Sorus marginalis, linearis, continuus (nudus). Indusium nullum. 
Capsule breviter pedicellatse. Venae pinnatse, creberrimfe, interna?, tenuissimae, 
uni-bi-trifurcatae, venulisque apice acuto desinentibus parallelae. — Ehizoma repent. 
Frondes spars*?,, coriacece, pinnate aut bipinnatte, subtus aut paleis densissime imbri- 
catis aut farina aut tomento obtectce. Venae tenuissiwue in fronde bene macerates 
tantum conspicitce. Species intra- et extratropicce, in kemisphara australi et boreali 
degentes. Presl. 



Notholjena sinuata; rhizomate repente squamoso, stipite brevi rachique ap- 
presse squamoso-pilosis, fronde lineari-pinnata, pinnis brevi-petiolatis ob- 
longo-ovatis cordatisve obtusis sinuatis supra albo-lanatis demum nudius- 
culis subtus dense appresse piloso-squamosis sericeis. 

Nothochl^na sinuata. Kaulf. Enum. Fit. p. 135. Spreng. Syst. Veget. v. 4. 

p. 43. Kunze, in Sc/tkukr, Fit. Suppl. v. I. p. 95. t. 45. 
Acrostichum sinuatum. Sw. Syn. Fit. p. 14. Willd. Sp. PL v. 5. p. 120. 
Gymnogramma sinuata. Presl, Tent. Pterid. /?. 219. 
Var. laou; pinnules nearly entire. 
Nothochl^na laevis. Mertens et Galeotti, Fit. Mex. p. 40. 



This beautiful Fern is a native of Mexico and New Grenada, 
at elevations in the mountains of from 3000 to 6500 feet, and it 
is found to bear with the temperature of a cool greenhouse with 
a north aspect. It has also been recently found in an expedition 
from Western Texas to El Paso, in New Mexico, by Mr. Charles 
Wright, nos. 814 and 815 of his collection. Like so many other 
Ferns, it is liable to great variations in the form and size of the 
pinnules, generally broad-oblong and deeply sinuated, but not 
unfrequently cordate or even subhastate at the base, and some- 
times with the margin continuous, not, or scarcely at all, sinuated : 
it then becomes the N. lavis of Mertens and Galeotti, and under 
that name has been received at Kew. The colour is a good deal 
tinged with rusty brown, the under side whiter and silky. The 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1853. 



species resembles some of the states of the West Indian JV. 
rufa; but there the pinnules are quite woolly beneath, not 
scaly. Our var. lavis was received from M. Galeotti himself, but 
is only one of the many variations seen in the pinnules sometimes 
on different specimens, sometimes on one and the same: less 
sinuated at the margin, and more free from hairs above. 

Descr. Caudex, or rhizoma, creeping, thicker than a swan's 
quill, and densely clothed with imbricating subulate scales. Sti- 
pites clustered, short, two to three inches long, stout, and, 
as well as the moderately stout, straight, rigid rachis, clothed 
with erect chaffy hairs. Fronds from a span to a foot long, 
linear-oblong, pinnated. Pinna alternate, the lower ones sub- 
opposite, shortly petiolate, often nearly an inch long, horizontally 
patent, thick, coriaceous, oblong or ovate or subcordate, rarely 
approaching to hastate, sometimes almost rhomboid, deeply sinu- 
ated and almost pinnatifid, the lobes rounded and obtuse, occa- 
sionally acute, sometimes the pinnules are quite entire or slightly 
sinuated when it becomes the N. lavis of Galeotti : above clothed 
with nearly white deciduous short wool, which in the older speci- 
mens is sometimes entirely wanting : beneath very densely clothed 
with imbricated, glossy, appressed, subulate, membranaceous 
scales generally white and silvery, as in no. 815 of Mr C 
Wright, sometimes rufous, as in no. 814 of the same excellent 
collector Son marginal, continuous, at first forming a dark 
narrow line or border among the scales, afterwards appearing 
to be intermixed with the scales over nearly the whole of thS 



regents ^vtn^l °\ ! ^ ^^'"'WW- 0ur ^ht-haml %» re 



4-7 OO. 




Tab. 4700. 
CATTLEYA elegans. 

Elegant Cattleya. 



Nat. Ord. ORCHiDEiE. — Gynandria Monandria. 

Gen. Char. Sepala membranacea vel carnosa, patentia, ajqualia. Petala ssepius 
majora. Labellum cucullatum, coluinuam involvens, trilobuin vel indivisum. Co- 
hm.no, clavata, eloiigata, semiteres, marginata, cum labello articnlata. Anthera 
carnosa, 4-locularis, septorum marginibus membranaceis. Pollinia 4, caudiculis 
totidem replicatis. — Herba) epiphytal (Americance) pseudobulbosa. Folia solitaria 
vel bina, coriacea. Mores terminates speciosissimi, scepe e spaiha magna erumpentes. 
Lindl. 



Cattleya elegans ; pseudobulbis teretibus cauliformibus elongatis, folio solitario 
lineari-oblongo coriaceo, sepalis oblongis acutis petalis lato-lanceolatis acutis, 
labelli trilobi lobis lateralibus elongatis obtusis columnam involveutibus in- 
termedio apice latissimo transverso subunguiculato vix emarginato undulato- 
crispata, basi laeviusculo ("venis callisque deficientibus"). 

Cattleya elegans. " Morren, Annates de Gand, p. 185." 



Received from Messrs. Backhouse, York Nursery, as a new 
species of Cattleya, from St. Catharine's, Brazil. It appears 
however to have been published by Professor Morren, at Ghent, 
under the name of C. elegans, which name we therefore here 
adopt, but without subscribing to the opinion that it is a truly 
distinct species. From various specimens we have received, both 
living and dried, from Mr. Spruce, of Cattleya mperba (figured at 
our Tab. 4083), from the Amazon, it is very evident that that 
species varies extremely in the relative length and breadth of the 
leaves, as well as of the pseudo-bulbs ; some of the leaves being 
elliptical, rotundate, while others were long and narrow, like the 
present. The colour in all such flowers we know to be exceed- 
ingly variable : here the side-lobes of the labellum are nearly 
white, with a deep purple tinge at the apices, while, on the other 
hand, the central lobe is a very deep and rich purple to the very 
base. We are thus reduced to the absence of the elevated lines, 
and of tin; two callosities at the very base of the middle lobe, as 
described in Mr. Backhouse's letter to us — for we regret that we 

KBRUARY 1ST, 1853. 



did not ourselves observe this in the living specimen — for a spe- 
cific distinction, if such it prove to be. 

In the October number of Lindley and Paxton's ' Flower Gar- 
den,' Plate 96 (1852), is another plant, sent by Messrs. Back- 
house, under the name of "a new Cattleya" also from the 
island of St. Catharine's, Brazil, Lalia purpurata of Dr. Lindley, 
which, though much resembling a Cattleya, must not be con- 
founded with the present species. 

Descr. With the exception of the differences pointed out 
above, our description at Tab. 4083 will answer to the present 
plant. 



4-704. 







"j 




Y. Reeve u»I- 



Tab. 4701. 
GALEANDRA Baueri; var. noribus luteis. 

Bauer's Casquewort ; yellow-flowered variety. 



Nat. Ord. Orchide^e. — Gynandria Monandria. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 4610.) 



Galeandra Baueri; caule siraplici, foliis lanceolatis trinerviis, corymbo termi- 
nali pedunculato nutante foliis breviore, pedunculo squamis lineari-lanceo- 
latis membranaceis vagiaato, sepalis petalisque lineari-oblongis acutiusculis, 
labello maximo aiitico emarginato apiculatq crenulato, calcare ovario aequali. 
Lindl. 

Galeandra Baueri. Lindl. Gen. et Spec. Orchid, p. 186. Bateman, Orchid. Mex. 

et Guatem. ^.19. Lindl. Bot. Reg. 1840, tab. 49. 
Var. floribus luteis, labello sanguineo-lineatim -maculato. (Tab. Nostr. 4701.) 



The rarer and much larger-flowered Galeandra Devonian a, 
with a short blunt curved spur to the lip, is figured at our Tab. 
4610. Of the present species we have figures in Mr. Bateman's 
splendid ■ Orchidaceae of Mexico and Guatemala,' and in the ' Bo- 
tanical Register' as above quoted. Our plant, however, drawn 
from a fine specimen at Syon Gardens, diners from those, remark- 
ably, in the colour of its flowers, which there have sepals and 
petals green, and the lip dull purple ; here the flower is of a deep 
yellow, lip as w T ell as the sepals and petals, the former marked 
with blood-coloured dotted lines. In other respects there is no 
difference worth noticing. According to Dr. Lindley this species 
has a widely extended locality in South America. It was origi- 
nally discovered in French Guiana by the French collector Martin, 
and upon his specimens the genus was founded by Dr. Lindley. 
Subsequently it was found in Mexico by Mr. Ross, a collector 
for Mr. Barker, near Melacatapee ; thus these two countries are 
considered to be its northern and southern limits. Hartweg 
appears also to have sent it to the Horticultural Society, probably 
from New Grenada, and in his plants the colour of the flowers 
was said to be much duller than those which had been received 
from Mexico. 

march 1st, 1853. 



Descr. Epiphytal. Pseudo-bulbs elongated, narrow, almost 
cylindrical, clustered, throwing out a few aerial whitish roots, and 
clothed with the inferior squamiform leaves : above they lengthen 
into a cylindrical stem, bearing several lanceolate, submembrana- 
ceous, sharply-acuminated, almost erect leaves, with three prin- 
cipal and some lesser nerves, dark green above, paler and slightly 
glaucous beneath. From the apex of the elongated stem-like 
pseudo-bulb the short peduncle appears, with its very drooping 
raceme of full yellow flowers, ten to fourteen upon the rachis. 
Bracteas among the flowers, small, subulato-membranaceous, 
larger on the peduncle ; sepals and petals very patent, at length 
reflexed, lanceolate, nearly equal in size and shape. Lip infun- 
dibuliform (not unlike the large spurred sepal of Impatiens), very 
deep yellow at the base, paler at the extremity, and there marked 
with dotted blood-coloured lines ; the side-lobes involute, and 
lapping one over the other^ the middle lobe obtuse or retuse, 
much waved at the margin, mucronate at the point : the base of 
the lip runs out into a long nearly straight spur or tail, longer 
than the ovary. Column quite concealed within the lip, elongated, 
semiterete. Anther helmet-shaped, with a recurved point. 



Fig. 1. Lip. 2. Column and anther : — magnified. 



4-702 




Jitch del et Eth . 



J He eve ^ imp 



Tab. 4702. 

DIPLADENIA flava. 

Yellow-fiowered Dipladenia. 



Nat. Ord. Apocyne^:. — Pentandria Monogynia. 



Gen. Char. Calyx quinquepartitus, lobis basi interne utrinque 1-2-glandulosis ; 
glandulis nunc ligulatis vel squamosis. Corolla hypocraterimorpha vel tubo basi 
cylindrico et superne infundibuliformi, circa originem staminura hiapida ; faucc 
exappendiculata ; lobis sestivatione sinistrorsum convolutis. Antheree subsessiles, 
in superiore parte tubi vel medio aut sub media parte ubi tubus latior sit insertae, 
sagittatse, medio stigmati adhserentes, apice acuminata? vel membrana acuta termi- 
nata\ Glandules nectarii 2, cum ovariis alternantes, quinta glandula in Ecliile uno 
ex ovariis opposita deficiente. Ovaria 2, nectario sa?pius longiora. Stylus 1. Stigma 
globulosum, inferne membrana reflexa umbraculiformi (an semper?) stipatum. 
Follicula et semine ut in Echite. — Frutices scandentes, vel sapius suffrutices, aut 
herbce basi suffrutescentes, erecta, America? meridionalis incolee ; foliis oppositis, in- 
tegris, scepe angustis, utrinque basi satis glandulisve pluribus loco stipularwn slipafis, 
pedicellis axillaribus nunc racemum terminalem approximates, Jloratione centripela ; 
eorollis scepius purpureis. — Nomen ex fiwrAos, duplex; et aSrjv, glandula. Alpli. 
He Cand. 



Dipladenia flava ; caule volubili terete juniore piloso, foliis ovatis ovalibusve 
brevi-petiolatis utrinque acutis siibmembranaceis junioribus pilosis, cynia 
terminali pedunculis bracteis pedicellis floribusque extus sericeo-pilosis, 
calycis lobis subulatis erectis, corolla? (flavae) tubo inferne angusto cylin- 
draceo demum ampliato. 



I regret that at the time the drawing of this really handsome 
Apocyneous plant was made from specimens in the Royal Gar- 
dens, the glandular structure of the receptacle and of the in- 
side of the calyx was neglected to be examined, and I am at a 
loss whether to refer the species to Fchites or to Dipladenia. 
The general form of the flower seems to justify its being placed 
in the latter genus ; if indeed the two be really distinct. The 
plant seems undoubtedly new, and was sent from Santa Martha, 
New Grenada, by Mr. Purdie, in 1845. It requires the heat of 
a stove for its successful cultivation. The flowers are nearly 
equal in size, and the same in colour, as our yellow-flowered 
species of Allamanda. Its blossoms with us are produced in May. 
baecb 1st. 1853. 



Descr. A climbing plant. Stem shrubby in the older por- 
tions, herbaceous and slender in the younger branches, and there 
clothed with rather long, very slender, spreading, silky hairs. 
Leaves opposite, on short footstalks, two to four lines long, ovate 
or oval, nearly elliptical, but rather acute at both ends, penni- 
nerved, glabrous in age, but the younger leaves are laxly silky. 
Peduncle terminal, hairy, bearing a lax cyme of four to six flowers ; 
the pedicels, subulato-lanceolate bracts, calyx, and corolline tube 
almost silky with long soft copious hairs. Pedicels short. Calyx 
cut to the base into five, subulate, erect lobes, equal in length 
with the narrow base of the tube of the corolla. Corolla large, 
full yellow. The tube very hairy externally ; the base contracted, 
cylindrical ; above that the tube becomes suddenly enlarged. 
Limb ample, of five spreading, rounded, imbricating lobes. 
Mouth naked. Stamens included. Anthers yellow, narrow- 
subulate. 







F Rep. 



Tab. 4703. 
ERIOGONUM compositum. 

Twice-um belled Eriogonum . 



Nat. Ord. Polygone.e : Tribe Eriogone^:. — Enneandria Monogyni. 

Gen. Char. Involucrum tubulosum, eampanulatum vel cyathiforme, vix angu- 
lation, subsequaliter 6-dentatura, multiflorum. Receptaculum bracteolis intra 
pedicellos instructum. Perianthia exserta, profundep 6-fida. Benlh. 



Eriogonum (§ Umbellatum) compositum ; foliis ad basin caulis approximates 
longe petiolatis ovatis basi rotundatis cordatisve supra demum glabratis 
subtus dense albo-lanatis, pedunculo longissimo mido apicc breviter bium- 
bellato, involucris breviter pedicellatis campanulatis multittoris. Benfh. 

Eriogonum compositum. Dougl. MSS. Batik, in Bot. Ret/, t. 1774, and in 
Linn. Trans, v. 17. p. 410. t. 17. /. 10. (flowers and fruit only). Hook. 
Fl. Bor. Am. v. 2. p. 135. 



This is a plant which may be considered of botanical interest, 
rather than as possessing any beauty to recommend it to culti- 
vation. With the habit of an Umbelliferous plant, especially of 
some of the Cape species of Hennas, the individual flowers and 
fruit will be found to resemble a good deal those of Polygonece, to 
which natural family it belongs, but to a group or tribe chiefly 
distinguished by one or more flowers being included within a 
common monophyllous involucre, not much unlike that of Eu- 
phorbia. The genus, now found to be very numerous, is, with 
its allies {Eriogonece), confined to the extra-tropical regions of 
Western America, mainly California and the Oregon territory . 
some are found in Chili. The present species, one of the largest 
of the kind, was first detected by Douglas and Drummond on 
the Columbia or Oregon River and in INew Albion. Our plants 
were raised from seeds sent from the Upper Pelouse River, be- 
tween Spokan and Kooskooskie, by Mr. Burke, in the Royal 
Gardens of Kew, where they prove quite hardy, flowering in 
July, and requiring no particular care in the culture but a well- 
drained soil. Its large cordato-ovate leaves, dark above, white 
and woolly beneath, have rather a striking appearance, and 

MARCH 1st, 1853. 



resemble a good deal those of Eriogonum latifolium, but the in- 
florescence is very different. 

Descr. Root perennial, fusiform, rather thick. Stems, or 
rather Scapes, in our more luxuriant specimens, a foot and a half 
to two feet high, erect, nearly as thick as one's little-finger in 
the lower portion, terete, woolly. Leaves all radical, on long 
footstalks, sheathing at the base, ovate, cordate at the base, 
more or less woolly when young, but eventually becoming gla- 
brous above and dark green, and white, as well as woolly, be- 
neath. Umbel terminal, large, compound ; general and partial 
umbels of many erecto-patent rays, the latter bearing crowded 
almost spherical umbellules of yellowish-white flowers : all of 
them bracteated. Bracteas numerous, linear-acuminate, resem- 
bling the involucres of an Umbelliferous plant. The true in- 
volucres here are narrow campanulate, six-toothed, hairy at the 
base and apex, three- to five-flowered. Flowers pedicellate, arti- 
culated below the six-sepaled perianth. Stamens nine. Ovary 
elongated, hairy, triquetrous. Styles three. Stigmas capitate. 



Fig. 1. Involucre with its flowers. 2. Pistil: — magnified. 



^704-. 




I' Bfeire.imf • 



Tab. 4704. 
IMPATIENS Hookeriana. 

Hooker s Balsam. 



Nat. Ord. Balsamine;e.— Pentandria Monogyma. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4615.) 



Impatiens Hookeriana; erecta elata glabra, foliis longe petiolatis ovatis acumi- 
natis serratis basi acutis, petiolis infra apicem biglandulosis, pedunculis axilla- 
ribus subterrainalibusque flores superantibus pedicellos curvatos 3-6 umbel- 
latim gerentibus, sepalis lateralibus oblongo-lanceolatis antenore infundi- 
buliformi in calcar subulatum valde elongatum curvatum flore amphssimo 
fongius, petalorum lobis lato-obovatis undulatis. 

Impatiens Hookeriana. Am. in Comp. to Bot. Mag. v. I. p. 324. Walpen, 
Repert. Bot. Syst. v. I. p. 471. 

Impatiens biglandulosa. Moon, Cat. Ceyl. PI. p. 18? 



Plants of this very lovely Balsam were raised from seeds sent 
under the present name from Ceylon by Mr. Thwaites, blossom- 
ing in the summer of 1852. They precisely accord with speci- 
mens sent many years before from about Rambodde and Matu- 
ratee, in the same island, by Mrs. General Walker, and which 
are the authority for the /. Hookeriana of Dr. Arnott in the work 
above quoted. That excellent botanist alludes to its amnity 
with the L grandis of Heyne, and I must confess that an authen- 
tic specimen of that plant from the India Company (JSo. 4759 ot 
Wallich's Cat.) exhibits no difference, as far as can be judged 
from the dried plant, except in the long spur becoming more 
suddenly slender and filiform, so that the upper or superior halt 
is infundibuliform or dilated, the lower filiform. The doubt 
might be solved probably could I have access to the volume ot 
the 'Madras Journal,' where, according to Walpers, at vol . ix. 
t. 4, the I. grandis is figured. The present has, I tmnk > tllc 
largest flowers of any known species, pure white, with deep blood- 
coloured veins. 

Descr. Our plants, flowering in the stove, were from two to 

MARCH 1ST, 1853. 



three feet high, erect, succulent, branched. The leaves large, 
almost exactly ovate, acuminate, serrated, penniveined, glabrous ; 
petioles from one to four inches long, furnished with two oblong 
glands, at or near the apex. Peduncle axillary or subterminal, 
varying in length, generally longer than the leaves, bearing an 
umbel of four to six large white flowers, the lower portion richly 
marked with deep blood-coloured veins. ' The spur is large in 
proportion to the flower, longer than it, and very gradually 
tapering into its almost filiform extremity. 



4-705. 




: rt litk 



f Bc-ve «5 



Tab. 4705. 
PITCAIRNIA MACROCALYX. 

Large-calyxed Pitcairnia. 



Nat. Ord. Bromeliace^e. — Hexandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 4241.) 



Pitcairnia macrocalyx ; foliis radicalibus longissimis lanceolatis acuminatis- 
simis inferne longe attenuates vaginantibus glaberrimis submembranaceis 
costatis inermibus caulinis sensim minoribus, caule elongato subfurfuraceo- 
lanato tereti, racemo laxiusculo, floribus (albis) patentibus demum reflexis, 
bracteis ovatis concavis acuminatis calycem longitudine aequantibus, pedi- 
cellis brevissimis, calycis (flavi) ampli sepalis ovatis acuminatis appresso- 
conniventibus, petalis oblongo-lineari-spathulatis subtortis basi esquamosis, 
ovario supero. 



The present is one of the many South American novelties we 
are accustomed to receive from the Belgian Gardens, without 
name or particular locality*. In no work can we find the present 
species described : but its nearest ally is unquestionably Pit- 
cairnia suaveolens of Lindley in the ' Botanical Register/ tab. 
1069. That has the same large, white, somewhat twisted pe- 
tals, and the same-coloured calyx ; but is very different in the 
exceedingly lax raceme, the comparatively small and narrow 
segments to the calyx, inferior ovary, glabrous stem, and very 
narrow leaves. The present has the largest calyx of any species 
known to us, and it is altogether a fine-looking plant. With us 
it flowered in a warm stove in December, 1852. 

Descr. Root-leaves very numerous, crowded, two to three feet 
long, elongato-lanceolate, tapering gradually to an exceedingly 
fine point, and below attenuated into a long convolute base ; the 
texture submembranaceous, colour bright green, the margin quite 
entire, the surface glabrous and free from every kind of villous 
covering. Stem shorter than the leaves, terete, at the base 

* The same plant, indeed, we have received from Mr. Linden under the name 
ol " Puya maidifolia" from Mexico ; but the character of that, as given in Wal- 
pers' ' Annates, is much at variance with ours. 

march 1st, 1853. 



as thick as one's finger, between furfuraceous and woolly, leafy, 
the leaves remote, gradually smaller upwards till they pass into 
the bracteas of the inflorescence. Raceme a span long, of many 
large, spreading, at length reflexed flowers, rather lax, or mo- 
derately compact, bracteated. Bracteas membranaceous, ovate, 
much and finely acuminated, very concave, as long as the calyx 
and pedicel. Pedicels very short. Calyx large, almost an inch 
long, formed of three connivent yellow ovate -lanceolate sepals. 
Petals large, white, thrice as long as the calyx, slightly twisted 
and imbricated, linear- oblong, spathulate, the apex often re- 
flexed, the sides more or less involute, the base within destitute 
of scale. Stamens six, as long as or a little longer than the 
petals. Anthers linear-oblong, yellow. Ovary almost entirely, 
if not quite superior, oblong-ovate with three furrows, tapering 
into the filiform white style, which equals the stamens in length. 
Stigmas three, green, spirally twisted. 



Fig. 1. Petal. 2. Pistil: — magnified. 



4706. 




I. Reeve, imp • 



Tab. 4706. 
GYMNOSTACHYUM Ceylanicum. 

Ceylon Gymnostachyum. 



Nat. Ord. Acanthace,*:. — Diandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx quinquepartitus, lacinia superiori subinde breviori. Corolla 
bilabiata, labio superiori angustiori bidentato, inferiori trifido. Stamina duo, tubo 
infra medium inserta, inclusa ; sterilium rudimentum nullum. Anthem bilocu- 
lares, loculis tequalibus parallele contiguis altero aut utroque basi mucronatis, 
ubi Uuimucronatis ibi subinde antherse uniloculares. Stigma bifidum, laciniis 
compressis. Capxula tetragona, a basi ad apicem bilocellata et seminigera, 
12-sperma. — Herbaj India orientalis. Habitus Eranthemi. Caulis humilis. 
Eacemus spicceformis, gracilis, subsecundus, simplex ml bi-trifidus, e fiorihis dutan- 
tihus brevissime pedicellatis. Bractese exigua, subulate, subopposita, altera sterih 
paulo inferiori. Bracteolae nulla, in altera racemus similis e fioribus fasciculato- 
ternis, lateralibus bibracteolatis. Nees. 



Gymnostachyum Ceylanicum ; floribus in racemo fasciculatis, fasciculis distanti- 
bus, pedicellis lateralibus bibracteolatis, foliis oblongo-ovalibus obtusis basi 
in petiolum sensim attenuatis subtus tenuissime pubescentibus supra secus 
nervos albo-variegatis, antberis ovalibus basi unicalcaratis, caule calycibus 
corollisque glanduloso-pubescentibus. 

Gymnostachyum Ceylanicum. Am. et Nees in Be Cand. Prodr. v. \\. p. 93. 



The genus Gymnostachyum was established by Nees von Esen- 
beck in Wallich's ! Plant® Asiatic* Rariores,' upon a plant of 
Tavoy, G. leptostachyum, to which he added, in the ' Prodromus 
of De Candolle, four other species, including G. Ceylanicum. 
Through Dr. Wight two other species are made known to us m 
the fourth volume of the ' Icones Plantarum Indiae Orientalis,' 
G. polyanthum, t. 1494, and G. alatum, 1. 1525, both from Coorg. 
G.febrlfugum of Bentham, in Hohenacker, 'Plants of Canara, 
n. 374, seems identical with the latter. The habit of the genus, 
Nees observes, is that of Eranihemum : to us it appears more 
allied to Cryptophraymium, next to which he has placed it; and 
so it would appear to have been considered by Mr. Thwaites, 
who sent the seeds of our plant from Ceylon to the Royal Gar- 
dens with the manuscript name of Cryptophraymium acaule. 

march 1st, 1853. 



dven in the dried state, though not noticed by Nees, the leaves 
of this plant exhibit the pretty variegated character, which alone 
would recommend it to the cultivator, of milk-white stains upon 
a dark green ground. Here the variegated portion follows the 
lines of the midrib and lateral veins. The flowers, though small, 
are pretty. The calyx is reddish ; the corolla white, tipped with 
green and yellow. It flowers readily with us during the winter 
months. Our earliest knowledge of this plant was through Mrs. 
General Walker. 

Descr. Root slender, creeping and throwing out fibres. Stem 
very short, downy, bearing four to six pairs of opposite leaves, 
which spread horizontally and are oval or obovate, obtuse, ob- 
scurely serrated, tapering into a rather long winged footstalk, dark 
green above, glabrous, penninerved ; following the course of the 
midrib and primary lateral nerves is a broad whitish line, giving 
a prettily varied character to the leaf ; beneath pale-coloured and 
downy. The apex of the short stem terminates, in one to four, 
erect, unb ranched (or branched only at the base), scapiform pe- 
duncles, together with the raceme from six inches to a foot long, 
terete, downy. Flowers in pseudo-verticils, on very short pubes- 
centi-glandulose/rfce/s, bracteated at their base. Calyx of five, 
lanceolato-subulate, appressed, glandular, red, pubescent sepals. 
Corolla white, tipped with green and yellow. Tube elongated, 
glandnlarly pubescent, nearly cylindrical, bent down suddenly or 
geniculated below the middle, and dilated upwards. Limb un- 
equally two-lipped ; upper lip small, erect, two-lobed ; lower lip 
more than twice as large, three-lobed ; all the lobes ovate, 
acute. Anthers a little protruded beyond the mouth, acute, 
ovate. Ovary oblong, seated on a large fleshy disc, glandular. 
Style as long as the stamens. Stigma slightly bifid. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Pistil: — magnified. 



Tab. 4707. 

CEREUS MacDonaldue. 

Mrs. MacDonald's Great Niglrt-floioering Cereus. 



Nat. Ord. Cactace^:. — Icosandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4417.) 



Cereus MacDenaldite ; ramis elongatissimis repentibus teretibus vel obscuris- 
sime angulatis subtuberculatis, tuberculis sparsis irregularibus parvis ple- 
rumque spina brevi fusca solitaria, floribus speciosissimis, calycis tubo 
elongato striato parce squamoso, squamis parvis villosis, sepalis numerosis 
reflexo-patentibus lineari-acuminatis aurantiaceis, petalis albis lauceolatis 
erecto-patentibus acuminatis, stylo staminibus longiore. 



When our readers are informed that the flowering portion of 
the specimen here represented exhibits only half the natural di- 
mensions, they may form some idea of the vast size of the 
flowers of this Night-blowing Cereus, for such it is, like its near 
relative the well-known Cereus grandiflorus : and certainly of the 
many floral spectacles that have gratified lovers of horticulture 
at the Royal Gardens of Kew, of late years, few have been more 
striking than this, to those who were privileged to see the blos- 
soms in bud and fully expanded. The plant was received from 
Honduras through the favour of Mrs. General MacDonald, and 
planted at the back of the Cactus-house and trailed against the 
wall ; it first showed symptoms of blossoming in July 1851. A 
casual observer might have passed the plant in this state, as 
an unusually large-flowered "Night-blowing Cereus;" but the 
slightest inspection of the stems and branches, and the dif- 
ferent nature of the flower-bud, the patent petals, and above 
all the great size of the flowers, fourteen inches in diameter 
from tip to tip of the calyx-sepals, and fourteen inches long from 
the base of the calyx to the tip of the stigma, all indicate a most 
distinct species, and one which I have in vain endeavoured to 
find described in the Prince de Salm-Dyck or other authors on 
the Cactus-family. 

Descr. So rapid is the growth of this plant that the cutting 

APRIL 1st, 1853. 



sent from Honduras soon covered the back wall of a rather lofty 
greenhouse, with its repent and climbing and straggling branches. 
These vary somewhat in size in different parts of the plant, but 
are generally not thicker than the little-finger, dark green, terete, 
or with here and there very obtuse and not continuous angles. 
The surface is irregularly tuberculated, and in the areole of the 
tubercle is a short solitary (or sometimes two) inconspicuous 
black or dark brown spine. The buds and flowers are so large 
and so showy, that they would seem as if they could not belong 
to such meagre, half-starved, leafless branches. The bud mea- 
sures fourteen inches long ! Its base is swollen, bulbiform, clothed 
with densely imbricated hairy scales of a triangular form. The 
tube is long, cylindrical, dark glaucous-green, tinged with brown, 
striated, partially scaly, with small appressed scales fringed with 
brown hairs : the compacted imbricated calyx-sepals (including 
the petals) form an ovate acuminate-oblong head to the bud, 
orange streaked with red. At night the flower expands, and 
lades before the evening, to a diameter of fourteen inches ! yet 
the bursting extends no further down the flower than to the top 
ot the long calycine tube. The calyx consists of numerous sepals, 
spreading and soon becoming flaccid and reflexed ; they are linear, 
acute the outer red, the inner orange; they form a distinct por- 
tion trom the petals, a saucer-like exterior, if we may so say, not 
passing into the petals, quite differing in shape and colour. These 
latter torm a crown within the highly coloured calyx, but not 
so regularly a cup-shaped one as in C.grandiflorm ; the petals, 
lanceolate or spathulate in form, are not so compact as in that 
species, and their apices are more spreading. Stamens longer 
tnantne tube, forming a circle around the style; but the sta- 
mens are m numerous series below the style; only in one series 
above the style. Style thick, columnar, longer than the stamens. 
Migma of many long, papillose, yellow rays. 



si^ is 3 Tit n IT/ Cere Z MacI)0mldi(S is of an atlas-folio size, and the 

K^!ev^rZ P V Tf , P ° rti0n ° f the stera or b ™"*> « ^ ™* a 

2 e Zer in oXt ' * ' ^ ^ bud " Had we confined ™ figure to a 

« ™ " Tut we q r^; r rlr^ could have been seen ^ *<>* ™ v** 

a lav lim 1 id ?o t ° *% * "^ the SCale one " half > » <l uite ^» 

the plaTist^ I ,at , r agmhCenCe ° f thc 0n '^ ina1 ' and *" ■-«» that 
P*m U tmce that size does not convey the correct idea to thc mind's eye. 



4-708. 




~$. P.eeve, imp- 



Tab. 4708. 
DENDROBIUM heterocarpum. 

Various-fruited Dendrobium. 



Nat. Ord. Obchidace^e. — Gynandbia Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 4352.) 



Dendbobitjm heterocarpum ; caulibu3 teretibus pendulis, foliis oblongis acutis 
planis, floribus geminatis ternatisque odoratis racemum spurium formanti- 
bus, sepalis lineari-oblongis acutis, petalis ovatis acutis sepalo supremo ma- 
joribus, labello unguiculato, limbo subpanduriformi holosericeo medio elon- 
gato acumiuato piano. Lindl. 

Dendeobittm heterocarpum. Wall. Cat. n. 20. Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orchid, 
p. 78. Bot. Misc. 1844. p. 49. n. 11. 

Dendbobitjm aureum, Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orchid, p. 78; and Var. pallidum, 
Lindl. Bot. Misc. 1839. t. 20. 



This handsome and fragrant Dendrobium was received at the 
Royal Gardens at Kew from Assam, through Mr. Simons, in 
1852, and it flowered in our Orchideous Stove in January 1853 ; 
the stems at that time, as is usual in the flowering season, being 
without leaves. Dr. Wallich detected it in Nepal ; and we have 
the authority of Dr. Lindley for considering the D. aureum of 
that author (Gen. et Sp. Orchid., from Ceylon) a deep-flowered 
variety of this, and the D. aureum, var. pallidum, Lindl. Bot. 
Miscell. 1839, t. 20, as a more than usually pale-flowered variety 
of the same. Thus it is a native of woods in Ceylon, at the 
southern extremity of the Madras peninsula, as well as of the 
northern and eastern boundaries of Bengal. Much new light 
will be thrown upon the limits of species of Orchideous plants in 
Dr. Lindley's most laborious new work, the ' Folia Orchidacea,' 
and so important a task cannot be entrusted to better hands. 

Descr. Epiphytal. From several horizontal, fleshy, cylindri- 
cal, wavy roots, spring a cluster of tereti-clavate, ribbed, jointed 
stems. Leaves oblong, acute, plane, subcoriaceous, deciduous 
when the stem has attained its full development and is ready to 

apbil 1st, 1853. 



bear flowers. Peduncles very short, almost none, lateral, from 
the apex of a joint, solitary or two or three, and bearing each 
one, sometimes two flowers, of a good size, and very fragrant. 
Sepals very patent, cream-colour, oblong, two lateral ones de- 
current into a rather long, obtuse spur. Petals also patent, 
broader and more ovate than the sepals, otherwise resembling 
them, and of the same colour. Lip pendent, somewhat ungui- 
culate and articulated on the prolonged base of the labellum, 
very obscurely three-lobed, lateral lobes obsolete, middle lobe 
very large, ovate or subpanduriform, and acuminated, the acumen 
much reflexed. The disc is cushioned and beautifully velvety ; 
the colour, externally cream -colour, but within deep, almost 
golden yellow, streaked and veined with sanguineous lines. Ovary 
slender, clavate, greenish-white. 



Fig. 1. Labellum. 2. Column, with its prolonged base. 3. Pollen-masses 
-magnified. 



4-7 OS. 




I /Reeve, nap 



Tab. 4709. 
PITCAIRNIA ECHINATA. 

Echinated-flowered Pitcairnia. 



Nat. Ord. Bromeliace^e. — Hexandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Cliar. {Vide supra, Tab. 4241.) 



Pitcairnia ecliinata ; foliis radicalibus elongatis lanceolatis acutissimis striatis 
subtus parce farinosis spmuloso-serratis inferne attenuatis semicylindraceis 
(magis spinosis), caule parce folioso longissimo pulverulento-tomentoso apice 
laxe racemoso-paniculato multifloro, sepalis setis mollibus flavo-virescentibus 
apice unciuato-glandulosis echinatis, petalis (albis) calycem fere duplo supe- 
rantibus, staminibus sty toque inclusis. 



A well-marked species of Pitcairnia, received from Mr. Lin- 
den, under the name of "Pourretia" probably from Mexico, 
but of the locality we can only conjecture. In no work can I 
find any such plant described, either under Pourretia or Pit- 
cairnia, or any allied genera, the limits of which we must con- 
fess are at present very ill-defined. I see no reason however for 
considering this other than a true Pitcairnia, as the genus is 
usually considered. It threw up its fine flowering -stems in 
January 1853, and continued a long time in blossom. 

Descr. In a flowerless state this plant may be considered stem- 
less ; the leaves being all radical, as in the common Pine-apple, 
very long, two to three feet, elongato-lanceolate, very acuminate, 
carinate, striated, rather full green and glabrous above, beneath 
pale-coloured and floccoso-farinose, the margin is serrato-spinu- 
lose, but not very strongly so, except towards the much-attenu- 
ated, conduplicate and almost sheathing, yellow-brown base, 
where the spines are much longer, very numerous, and crowded, 
and curved upwards. As the flowering-season approaches, a 
stem is thrown up from the centre, which elongates, bearing few 
and gradually smaller leaves, till it forms the almost leafless base 
of the slightly compressed, terminal raceme, when the leaves in- 
sensibly become bracteas. The scape is everywhere pubescenti- 

april 1st, 1853. 



furfuraceous, terete. Pedicels about an inch long, supported by 
an ovate, acuminate, concave, membranaceous bractea, ciliated 
at the edge, and about equal to the pedicel in length. Flowers 
pendent, large. Calyx of three, long, slightly twisted, linear- 
oblong, attenuated, deeply canaliculate sepals, broader and red 
at the base, the rest full yellow, and everywhere clothed (except 
at the membranous overlapping edges) with soft, copious, spine- 
like, horizontal processes, uncinate at the apex : the shortest and 
least uncinate are at the base of the sepals, those at the extremity 
are tipped with a pencil of hairs. Petals white or cream-colour, 
more than half as long again as the sepals, slightly twisted, 
linear-subspathulate, slightly concave below the point, with no 
internal scale at the base. Stamens included, a little shorter 
than the petals. Ovary pyramidal, three-furrowed. Style as 
large as the stamens. Stigmas three, spirally twisted. 



Pig. 1. Sepal. 2. Petals. 3. Pistil: — slightly magnified. 



/7/0. 




... etTltU- 



E. Reeve. imj>. 



Tab. 4710. 
CROSSANDRA flava. 

Yellow-flowered Crossandra. 



Nat. Ord. Acanthace.e. — Didynamia Angiospermia. 



Gen. Char, Calyx quinquepartitus, laciniis latis, interioribus brevioribus. Co- 
rolla tubo longo, limbo piano quinquefido superne ad tubum usque diviso. Sta- 
mina quatuor, didynama, in tubo latentia. Antheree uniloculares, hirtas, margine 
ciliatai. Capsula compressa, bivalvis, a basi tetrasperma. Dissepiment urn adna- 
tum. — Frutices India orientalis {Afrieceque occidentalis tropica), foliis subintegerri- 
mis speciosis rubris (^flavisve). Spica terminalis tetragona, bracteis oppositis latis 
kerbaceis, propriis angustis membranaceis. Nees. 



CRossANDKA^ara; caule brevi glaberrimo, foliis glabris obovato-lanceolatis un- 
dulatis sinuato-pinnatifidis versus apicem integerrimis obtusiusculis, inferi- 
oribus petiolatis, spica terminali exacte tetragona strobiliformi, bracteis ex- 
terioribus amplis rotundatis acute carinatis hirsutissimis venosis margine 
spinuloso-dentatis, corollis flavis. 



A more intimate acquaintance with this plant than we at pre- 
sent possess, may bring to light characters, especially in the fruit, 
at variance with the genus to which we have referred it, Crossan- 
dra ; a genus, we believe, hitherto supposed to be peculiarly of 
East Indian origin, and in no instance having, as here, yellow 
flowers. 

Our plant is a native of tropical Western Africa, having been 
gathered in the fissures of rocks upon the Sugar-loaf Mountain, 
Sierra Leone, and sent to the Botanic Garden in Regent's Park, 
by Mr. Whitfield, on his late return from Africa. Mr. Marnock 
was so obliging as to forward the flowering specimen to us in 
January 1853. 

Descr. The plant is shrubby, but it does not rise more than 
six to eight inches above the surface of the ground, and is un- 
branched. The stem terete, dark green, glabrous, leaves ap- 
proximate, spreading, large for the size of the plant, a span or 
more long, obovato-lanceolate, glabrous, dark green above, paler 

ai'iul 1st, 1853. 



beneath, undulated, rather obtuse, the lower half, or more than 
that, sinuato-pinnatifid ; about the middle the lobes and sinuses 
are broad and shallow, towards the base of the leaf they are 
gradually smaller and deeper (profunde pinnatifida), with lobes 
rounded and entire. The superior leaves are sessile or nearly 
so, while the lower ones taper into a stalk nearly an inch long. 
Spike on a short, rounded, hairy, terete, erect, terminal peduncle, 
formed into a sharply four-sided kind of strobilus, by the nu- 
merous, large, opposite, submembranaceous, pale yellow-green, 
rounded, very hairy, veined, acutely keeled bracteas, the margin 
strongly dentato-spinulose. Bracteoles linear-lanceolate. Calyx 
green, hairy at the extremity, membranaceous, quite concealed 
by the bracteas. Corollas bright yellow, glabrous. Tube much 
exserted, slender, geniculated where the included stamens are in- 
serted. Limb plane, of five segments ; above the fissure reaches 
to the tube. Ovary oblong. Style glandularly hairy. Stigma 
dimidiate, fringed. 



Fig. 1. Calyx and pistil. 2. Ovary. — magnified. 



4-7 11. 




Fitch, a*, 



T. Reeve -imf ■ 



Tab. 4711. 

DENDROBIUM teretifolium. 

Mound-leaved Dendrobium. 



Nat. Ord. Orchide^e. — Gynandkia Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4352.) 



Dendrobium teretifolium; caulibus repentibus, foliis filiformibus teretibus, pe- 
rianthiis foliolis elongato-linearibus apice angustatis, labello tricarinato lobo 
intermedio lineari-lanceolato acuminato crispato. Br. 

Dendrobium teretifolium. Br. Prodr. Nov. Holl. p. 333. Lindl. Gen. et Sp. 
Orchid, p. 91. 



Although defined and published by Mr. Brown since 1810, 
this singular and well-marked species of Dendrobium does not 
appear to be anywhere figured, nor indeed anywhere recorded as 
being cultivated in England, except in the miscellaneous portion 
of Dr. Lindley's ' Botanical Register/ the volume for 1839, du- 
ring which year it flowered with Messrs. Loddiges. It is a native 
of the vicinity of Port Jackson, New South Wales, and was lately 
sent to the Royal Gardens of Kew by Mr. Moore, of the Sydney 
Botanic Garden. Its leaves are long and terete, and the flowers, 
from the long, straggling, slender petals, and curved labellum, 
have almost as much the appearance of an insect as of a flower. 
Six other species of Dendrobium are recorded by Mr. Brown as 
natives of New Holland, and Mr. Allan Cunningham added seven 
others in an enumeration given in the ' Botanical Register,' above 
quoted, but of which three are marked doubtful as to genus, the 
flowers not having been seen, and one it is suggested may be a 
Polystachya. Cultivated on a piece of wood suspended from the 
beam of a cool stove, the present species flowered vigorously with 
us in December, 1852. 

Descr. Stems, for they can hardly be considered pseudo- 
bulbs, clustered (creeping, according to Mr. Brown), sinuated, 
branched, brown, throwing out large fleshy- white sinuous fibres: 
the branches terminate in long, pendent, curved, terete, tapering, 

APRIL 1st, 1853. 



hard, fleshy leaves, about the thickness of a goose-quill. Panicle 
lateral, from a branch of the stem, dichotomous, a span or more 
long, the ultimate branches very slender, filiform. Flowers 
white. Sepals linear-subulate, nearly uniform, at length reflexed, 
united below, and elongated into blunt spur, spotted with brown. 
Petals exceedingly long, projecting forward, linear-filiform, nearly 
straight, spotted near their base with minute dark-brown dots. 
Lip lanceolate, much acuminated, spirally reflexed, dotted with 
blood-colour ; the side lobes very short, the middle lobe large and 
elongated, much crisped, the disc bearing three waved lamellae. 
Column short, white, dotted with blood-colour. Anther-case he- 
mispherical. Pollen-masses oval, cereaceous. 



Pig. 1. Flower. 2. Labellum. 3. Pollen-masses. 4. Column and spur : — 

magnified. 



4-7/2,. 




Tab. 4712. 
ccelia macrostachya. 

Long-spiked Ccelia. 



Nat. Ord. Orchide,e. — Gynandria Monandria. 

Gen. CJiar. Sepala distincta, conniventia, subsequalia : lateralibus basi obliquis. 
Petala subsequalia. Labellum cum columna subparallelum, apice patufum, basi 
excavatum, indivisum. Columna nana, erecta, semiteres, basi paulo producta ; 
stigmate rotundato, rostello inflexo. Anthera ovata, bilooularis. PoUinia 8, 
quaternatim materie pulverea in 2 paribus cohscrentia. Ovarium 9-alatum. — 
Herbae epiphytes pseudo-bulbosa, basi squamatce ; foliis gramineis subplicatis, scapo 
radicali squamato, bracteis hngissimis. Lindl. 



Ccelia macrostachya; pseudo-bulbis ovatis (vel subrotuudis), foliis ensiformibus 
plicatis, racemo longissimo multifloro, bracteis liueari-lanceolatis acumina- 
tissimis squamosis, sepalis rubris extus corrugatis, labello lanceolato basi 
bisaccato. Lindl. 

Ccelia macrostachya. Lindl. in Benth. Plantce Hafticegiana, p. 92; Bot. Beg. 
1842, sub Tab. 36. 



Native of the Hacienda de la Llaguna, Mexico, and thence 
introduced to the Horticultural Society's Gardens through Mr. 
Hartweg. It is really a handsome plant, and well worthy a 
place in every Orchideous collection, flowering in August, when 
our fine spike was sent from the Belfast Garden by Mr. Fergu- 
son, the able Curator. The pseudo-bulb and foliage, the latter 
in perfection at a more advanced period, were drawn from our 
own plant at Kew. The only other known species is the Cceha 
Baucrana, a much smaller species, with white flowers, on which 
the genus was founded. 

Descr. Pseudo-bulb large, almost globose, or only slightly 
compressed, glabrous, pale green, partially surrounded at the 
base with coarse, brown scales. Leaves a foot and more long, 
about three from the top of the pseudo-bulb, lanceolate, acu- 
minate, membranaceous, striated and plicate, sheathing below. 
Scape arising from the base of the bulb, nearly a span high, 

may 1st, 1853. 



clothed with sheathing, large, ovate, involute, acute scales, almost 
concealing the scape. Spike or raceme itself nearly a span 
long, crowded with the very copious flowers and bracteas, and 
of a red rose colour. Bracteas as long as or longer than the 
flowers, membranaceous, narrow-lanceolate, much acuminated, 
withering. Pedicels short, twisted, two-edged. Ovary more 
or less winged at the angles. Sepals oblong, rather acute, 
concave, somewhat thick and firm, deep reddish flesh -colour, 
corrugated externally, the two anterior or inferior ones extending 
downward into a broad two-lobed spur. Petals as long as the 
sepals, nearly white, smooth, oblongo-obovate. Labellum of the 
same texture as the sepals, white, oblong, acute, reflexed at the 
apex, terminating below in a two-lobed or didymous very blunt 
spur. Column semiterete, decurrent below its attachment to the 
ovary, semiterete. Anther sunk into the clinandrium. Pollen- 
masses eight, attached to a rather small gland. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Flower with the sepals removed. 3. Pollen-masses. 



4-713. 




7- hf 



Tab. 4713 
SYPHOCAMPYLUS Orbignianus. 

D' Orbignys Syphocampylus. 



Nat. Ord. Lobeliace.e. — Pentandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 4178.) 



Syphocampylus Orbignianus ; ramis (erectis ?) teretibus herbaceis, foliis terna- 
tis ovato-acuminatis breviter petiolatis insequabter acuteque dentatis superne 
glabriusculis subtus puberulis, pedicellis folio dimidio brevioribus, calyce 
corollaque velutinis, tubo calycis hemisphserico, lobis lineari-subulatis tubo 
triplo longioribus, corolla calyce multo longiore lobis linearibus, antheris 2 
inferioribus barbatis. DC. 

Syphocampylus Orbignianus. Be Cand. Prodr. v. 7. p. 405. Fan Houtte, 
" Flore des Serres, p. 544." 



Our plant from which the accompanying figure was taken was 
derived from Mr. Van Houtte, and was received under the name 
here adopted. We find the S. Orbignianus of De Candolle to 
correspond well with this, except where the branches are de- 
scribed as erect. But as that author only appears to have known 
the plant from dried specimens in the Paris Museum, he might 
very well be deceived. Our fine plant, three feet and more long, hns 
a peculiarly lax habit; so that the stem has to be supported by a 
stick, and the branches are quite pendent ; and this does not ap- 
pear to be the consequence of a weakened state of the plant. It 
is a native of Bolivia, where it was detected by D'Orbigny, after 
whom the species is named. It is treated as a stove-plant, and 
has handsome foliage and good-sized flowers, but by no means 
so highly coloured as many species of this extensive genus. It ' 
blossoms in the autumn and continues a long time in flower. 

Descr. Stem three to four feet long, herbaceous, terete, hoary, 
weak, scarcely able to support itself. Branches lax, pendulous 
in our plant. Leaves rarely, and chiefly below, opposite, the rest 
ternate, rather shortly petiolate {petioles half to three-quarters 
of an inch long, thick in proportion to their length), ovate, 
acuminate, submembranaceous, flaccid, glabrous, greyish-green 
may 1st, 1853. 



above, beneath pubescent and hoary, the margin unequally and 
coarsely toothed, penniveined, veinlets often reticulated. The 
lower leaves are the largest and sometimes six inches long. Pe- 
duncles twice or thrice the length of the petioles, solitary in the 
axils of the leaves, single-flowered ; but as they spring from the 
younger, clustered, terminal leaves, the collected flowers consti- 
tute almost a leafy corymb. Flower erect or nearly so, large. 
Calyx-tube downy, short, hemispherical; limb of six spreading 
or reflexed subulate teeth, much longer than the tube. Corolla 
two inches and a half long, yellowish, tinged on the back or su- 
perior side with red, glabrous : tube contracted above the dilated 
base, very long, gradually broader upwards, laterally compressed, 
slightly puberulous; limb of five, nearly oblong, more or less 
spreading segments, the two uppermost very obtuse, the three 
others acuminate, the mouth very oblique. Style quite concealed 
by the staminal tube. Anthers lead- coloured, combined, curved : 
the two lowermost ones bearded at the apex. 



4-744-. 




TitcK.Jd et i£k. 



J. He eve amp. 



Tab. 4714. 
CALANTHE gracilis. 

Slender Calanthe. 



Nat. Ord. Orchide^e. — Gynandbia Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. (Fide supra, Tab. 4541.) 



Calanthe gracilis ; scapis gracilibus multifloris basi alte vaginalis, labello basi 
saccate- trilobo bilamellato, lobis lateralibus acutis abbreviate intermedio 
subrotundo crispo indiviso. Lindl. 

Calanthe gracilis. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. n. 7341. Gen. et Sp. Orchid, p. 251. 



A very little k^own Orchideous plant, hitherto only charac- 
terized by Dr. Lindley, from specimens gathered in Silhet by 
Dr. Wallich. Recently it has been sent by Drs. Hooker and 
Thomson, from Khasya, to the Royal Gardens of Kew, where it 
flowered in a warm stove in September, 185.2. Our specimens 
were submitted to Dr. Lindley, who observes that this will pro- 
bably merge into the genus Limatodes of Blume ; but he is un- 
certain whether the total absence of a spur in it is of any, at 
present unsuspected, importance. He further observes of this 
plant, as of other species of Calanthe, that when the flowers are 
wounded they become indigo-blue. 

Descr. Terrestrial. Stems clustered, including the leaves, a 
foot and rather more long, lower part bare of leaves, thicker than 
a swan's quill, jointed, partially clothed with sheathing scales : 
joints short. Leaves confined to the upper portion of the stem, 
with rather long sheathing bases, lanceolate, the lowest ones 
broadly so, acuminate, tapering below, membranaceous, plicate 
and striated, mostly curved downwards. Scape or peduncle 
lateral, arising from a joint of the stem below the leaves, erect, 
more or less clothed with long, sheathing, brown scales or bracts. 
(The rest of our description is obligingly drawn up by Dr. Lind- 
ley from our recent flowering specimen.) "Flowers greenish- 
yellow. Sepals sad petals equal, distinct, ovate, oblong acute 
somewhat recurved, the petals and dorsal sepal being directed 



MAY 1st, 1853. 



upwards, while the lateral sepals are directed downwards, so as 
to give the perianth a somewhat two-lipped appearance. Lip a 
pure, unspotted, pale, yellow-ochre colour, united to the column 
at the base in a very slight degree, narrowly oblong, convolute, 
three-lobed ; the lateral lobes narrow, recurved, somewhat falcate, 
blunt, very much smaller than the middle lobe, which is broader 
than long, two-lobed, and excessively undulated or crisp ; from 
the base of the lip towards the end run two raised lines, curving 
slightly away from each other, then approaching, and disappear- 
ing on the sides of a small cavity at the base of the middle lobe. 
Jointed hairs clothe the lower part of the hollow of the lip ; sim- 
ple, fragile, slightly stalked, free cells, sparkle upon the upper 
part between and about the. lobes. The column is white, about 
half as long as the dorsal sepal, truncate, half-terete, channelled 
in the middle, and densely covered with a glittering deciduous 
wool, composed of jointed hairs in all respects like those of the 
lip. Stigma a transverse cleft in the anterior upper angle of 
the column. Anther vertical, membranous, eight-celled. Pollen- 
masses eight, adhering in two parcels to a common circular 
reddish-brown gland." Lindl. 



Kg. 1. Flower from which the sepals and petals are removed. 2. Pollen- 
masses : — magnified. 



Mi5. 







Tab. 4715. 
PUYA Chilensis, 

Chilian Puya. 



Nat. Ord. Bromeliace^:. — Hexandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4309.) 



PtTYA Chilensis; caule elato erecto crasso cicatricato parce ramoso, ramis cras- 
sis tortuoso-defiexis, foliis 3-4-pedalibus e basi dilatata elongato-eriisformi- 
bus rigidis glaucescentibus subtus minute albo-furfuraceis canaliculars sen- 
sim acuminatissimis grosse spinosis spinis subulatis uncinatis, pedunculo 
terminali elongato columnari bracteato, spica ampla coraposita multibracteata 
multiflora, bracteis pubescenti-hirsutis, floribus plerisque sessilibus, sepalis 
tribus lanceolatis, petalis flavis calycc quadruplo majoribus oblongo-ovatis 
acutis erecto-patentibus, staminibus pistilloque corolla brevioribus. 

Puya Chilensis. Molina, Hist. Chil. p. 170. Schultes, Syst. Veget. v. 7. /;. 1235. 

Puya suberosa. Molina, I.e. p. 153. 

Pourretia coarctata. Ruiz et Pav. II. Per. v.Z.p. 34. Syst. v. I. jp. 81. 

Pitcairnia coarctata. Pen, Syn. PI. v. I. p. 344. 

Renealmia ramosa lutea. Feuill. v. 3. p. 59. t. 39. 



This is one of the most striking of our Bromeliaceous plants, 
cultivated in a cool stove of the Royal Gardens of Kew. It was 
presented to us, a young plant, by the late A. B. Lambert, Esq., 
who had received it direct from North Chili, brought home by 
Mrs. Maria Graham, afterwards Lady Calcott. The stem, or cau- 
dex, has now attained a height of four feet, independent of the 
leaves, which are from three to four feet in length, spreading in all 
directions ; the lower ones being reflexed. These leaves would 
render the plant admirably suited to the formation of fences, in 
the nature of the spinous margins ; for the upper half of the 
leaf has all the spines directed forward towards the apex, pre- 
senting a great obstacle to intrusion of man or beast in that 
direction, whilst those lower down the leaf (longer and stronger 
too) have their curvature downwards, so that if man or animal 
is so bold as to make his way partially through, the decurved 
spines would prevent his retracing his slops with impunity. 
mu l st L853. 



The compound spike of flowers upon the column-like perfectly 
straight peduncle is remarkable for its size ; the large full yellow 
(but inclining to green) flowers and the copious bracteas turning 
brown or black in age. We can only represent a small portion 
of the flowering head in our Plate of the natural size. This plant 
is called Cardon and Puya in Chili, where the soft substance of 
the stem is used for corks and bungs : the flowers yield a remedy 
for hernia, and the Indians use the spines of the leaves for fish- 
hooks. 

Descr. Stem, or caudex, four feet high, flexuose, twelve inches in 
circumference, and nearly of the same size throughout : our plant 
bears two nearly opposite branches ; these are nearly of the same 
size as the stem, horizontal or deflexed, and flexuose or rather 
tortuose, and the whole stem and branches are cicatrized with 
the scars of the fallen leaves, or scaly with the bases that yet 
remain of the leaves. Leaves in tufts at the apex of the main 
stem and branches, two to three, rarely four feet long, spreading 
in all directions ; the lower ones recurved ; all of them from a 
broad sheathing base, sword-shaped or linear-subulate, gradually 
tapering into a long narrow point, canaliculate, glaucous, minutely 
and compactly furfuraceous beneath, and almost white, the mar- 
gins rather distantly beset with strong curved or uncinate subu- 
late spines; those in the superior half of the leaf invariably 
pointing upwards : those in the lower half pointing downwards, 
except at the very base near the point of attachment, where they 
are irregular. From the apex of the main stem a column-like 
peduncle arises, quite straight, four feet and a half long, four 
inches in circumference, hoary with furfuraceous down, and beset 
with many deflexed, rather large, ovate, hoary, long-pointed 
bracts, eventually turning black, leafy below. Spike terminal, 
compound or subpaniculate, throwing out side branches, whose 
lower flowers are more or less pedicellate, many-flowered, copi- 
ously bracteated ; hracteas ovate, acuminate, pale green, downy, 
black in age, at first imbricated over the flower-buds, then 
spreading. Flowers large, mostly sessile. Sepals three, erecto- 
appressed, lanceolate, more or less acuminate, greenish, downy 
externally. Petals slightly twisted, obovato-oblong, four times 
larger than the sepals, deep greenish or sulphur-yellow, with a 
depression, but no scale, at the base within. Stamens six, erect, 
shorter than the petals. Anthers oblong-sagittate, yellow. Ovary 
oblong-ovate, three-furrowed, free. Style rather thick, as long 
as the stamens. Stigma trifid, slightly twisted. 



Fig. 1. Petal: — not. size. 



4-716. 




Tab. 4716. 
SANDERSONIA aurantiaca. 

Golden-flowered Sandersonia. 

Nat. Ord. LiliacEjE. — Hexandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Ferianthium corollinum tubuloso-campanulatum, subglobosum, 
ore breviter sexfido ; basi nectarifera et in cornubus vel calcaribus 6 brevibus 
incurvis extensa. Stamina 6, hypogyna, periantbio omnino inclusa. Filamenta 
subulato-filiformia. Anthera oblongas, filamentorum longitudinem sequantes, ob- 
longo-obtusse, dorso paulo infra medium insertse, versatiles, inversae, biloculares. 
Ovarium liberuru, oblongo-ovale, longitudine trisulcatum, trigonum, triloculare ; 
loculis pluriovulatis ; ovulis obovatis biseriatim angulo interiori seu axili longitu- 
dinaliter insertis. Fructus . . . — Herba Natalensis Africa australis, erecta, sim- 
plex ; radice tuberosa ; caule tereti. Folia erecta, alterna, sessilia, lanceolata, an- 
ffuste acuminata, striata, subdisticha, vel superior a subsecunda. Pedicelli axillares 
in foliis superioribus, solitarii, yraciles, curvati, uniflori. Flores nutantes, auran- 
tiaci, pedunculis subbreviores. 



Sandersonia aurantiaca. 



During a very interesting journey, extending into the in- 
terior of South Africa, from Port Natal to Magalisberg, under- 
taken by John Sanderson, Esq., in 1851, that gentleman, who 
is the honorary secretary of the Horticultural Society of Natal, 
did not fail to make not only a very considerable Hortus Siccus 
of the plants he met with, but he made faithful drawings on 
the spot, of such species as were of peculiar interest, and col- 
lected roots and seeds. The latter were placed at the disposal 
of the Society's Garden at Natal, and a portion of them was 
liberally shared by Mr. M'Ken, who has charge of that garden, 
with us at Kew ; while the specimens and drawings were 
obligingly presented to me by Mr. Sanderson. Among other 
novelties, which we hope by-and-by to notice elsewhere, was 
the remarkable plant here figured, of which indeed we possess 
tubers, already germinating, but of which the specimens and the 
drawing amply suffice for a faithful representation. It was dis- 
covered on "Field's Hill, near D'Urban, and on the Swartkop 

MAY 1st, 1853. 



Hill, near Pietermaritzborg, Natal, flowering 15th November, 
1851." I must leave others to decide whether this plant should 
be placed among the Liliacea or Smilacece, or whether the two 
families are really distinct. It seems in habit almost to unite 
the Fritillary group, which it most resembles in general appear- 
ance, with the Convatlaria-section in Smilacea, with which it 
agrees in the union of the sepals into one piece. The genus is 
named in compliment to its discoverer. 

Descr. Tubers small, somewhat globose, but two-lobed, and 
somewhat half-moon-shaped, throwing out a few fibres from below. 
Stem erect, a foot to a foot and a half high, simple, terete, herba- 
ceous, not much thicker than a crow's-quill, leafy nearly from the 
base : lower leaves rather distant, upper ones approximate and al- 
most crowded, all of them sessile, scarcely sheathing, but rather 
amplexicaul, lanceolate, much and narrowly acuminate, erect, sub- 
distichous, upper ones almost secund, striated with parallel veins. 
From the axils of the superior leaves the flowers appear. Peduncle 
solitary, single -flowered, slender, almost capillary, about two 
inches long, curved downwards. Flower orange-coloured, large 
for the size of the plant, shorter than the peduncle, drooping, 
subgloboso-campanulate, with six shallow furrows, so as to be 
obtusely six-angled ; the mouth somewhat contracted, six-toothed ; 
the base has six nectariferous cavities, constituting externally so 
many short, but distinct, incurved spurs. Stamens included, six, 
perigynous. Filaments rather longer than the ovary, filiformi- 
subnlate. Anthers broad, oblong, inserted near the middle of 
back, introrse, two-celled, cells opening by longitudinal fissures. 
Ovary oblong-oval, obtusely trigonous, having three deep longi- 
tudinal furrows. Style as long as the stamens. Stigmas three, 
nearly as long as the style. 



Fig. 1. Stamens and pistil. 2. Ovary cut through transversely -.—magnified. 



4-7/7 




Htcj^deLetiiifcL. 






Tab. 4717. 
BRILLANTAISIA Owariensis. 

Owarian Brittantai&ia . 



Nat. Ord. AcanthacEjE. — Diandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx 5-partitus, laciniis linearibus, superiore longiore. Corolla 
ringens, tubo brevi crasso requali; labium superius fornicato-falcatum, apice bifi- 
dum; inferius amplum, patentissiinum, breviter trifidum, disco plicato-sulcatura. 
Stamina tubi apice inserts, fertilia duo longitudine labii superioris; antherte line- 
ares, longae, biloculares, loculis parallelis muticis continuis. Filamenta sterilia 
duo fertilibus breviora, apice appendiculato, appendice transversa subulata basi 
obtuse calcarata. Ovarium oblongum, kirsutum, basi annulo cinctum. Stylus 
corollam aequans. Stigma inaequabter bitidum. Capsula linearis, stricta, tetra- 
gona, bilocularis. Semina in quovis loculo 6-8 retinaculo sustenta. — Herba 
Guineensis, ramis decumbent ibus debt erectis sidcatis ; foliis ovatis cordatisque den- 
tatis in petiolum alte alatum decurrentibus. Panicula terminalis, ramulis trifkris. 
Bracteae parva, lineares. Flores speciosi, purpurei, Salvia? habitu. 



Brillantaisia Owariensis. Pal. de Beauv. Ft. d'Ow. et de Ben. v. 2. p. 68. 

t. 100./. 2. Lindl. in Journ. of Hort. Soc. Lond. v. 8. p. 129. 
Belantheria Lamium. Benth. in Niger Fl.jp. 477. 
Belantheria Belvisiana. Nees in De Cand. Prodr. v. 11. p. 97. 
Belantheria Vogeliana. Benth. in Niger Fl. p. 477. 
Leucographis Lamium. Nees in De Cand. Prodr. v. 11. p. 97. 
Leucographis Vogeliana. Nees in De Cand. Prodr. v. 11./?. 97. 



By a strange oversight Professor Nees von Esenbeck over- 
looked the Brillantaisia Owariensis of Palisot de Beauvois ; but 
finding an unnamed specimen of this plant in the Berlin Herba- 
rium from M. de Beauvois's African collection, he described it 
in De Candolle's ' Prodromus' under the name of Belantheria 
Belvisiana. The Acanthacea of Dr. Vogel, gathered in the 
Niger Expedition, being submitted to Nees's examination, he 
there found two closely allied plants differing in the stamens 
(these having staminodia, while Belantheria was supposed to 
want them) ; to which he gave the names Leucographis Lamium 
and L. Vogeliana, which in the 'Niger Flora' Mr. Bentham 
rightly referred to Brillantaisia. These two differ eluellv in 

June 1st, 1853. 



the form of the leaves in the original specimens; but as our 
growing plant is furnished with the two kinds of leaves on the 
same individual, there can be no question that these are all one 
and the same plant. Mr. Moore supplied us with the beautiful 
specimen here figured, from the Chelsea Garden, where it was 
introduced from Sierra Leone by Mr. Whitfield. Its large sage- 
like flowers are in perfection in the stove in March. 

Descr. A soft-stemmed, more or less hairy, under -shrub, 
" growing from three to four feet high. Stems quadrangular, 
with the sides furrowed, and the angles marked with an inter- 
rupted, longitudinal, pallid line ; throwing out strong ascending 
branches near the base, and coarse roots from the lower stems." 
(Mr. Moore.) — Leaves of a large and coarse habit, variable in 
shape from broadly cordate to ovate or almost rhomboid : in the 
former case suddenly decurrent into a long winged petiole ; in 
the two latter cases (and these are generally on the weaker 
shoots) gradually passing into it : the margin of the leaf, and 
often of the wing and petiole, coarsely and doubly serrated. 
Panicles terminal on the branches, large, showy, generally tri- 
chotomously divided. Calyx naked, deeply five-parted ; the seg- 
ments long, narrow-linear, spreading. Corolla dark full purple. 
Tube shorter than the calyx. Limb large, deeply two-lipped. 
Upper lip arching over the stamens, bifid at the apex : loiver lip 
deflexed, nearly ovate, three-toothed at the apex, the disc with 
three longitudinal plaits. Stamens : two perfect, with large ob- 
long-sagittate anthers : two others (staminodia) imperfect, ham- 
mer-shaped, slightly hairy. Ovary oblong, with a fleshy annular 
disc at the base, and very hairy. Style as long as the corolla ; 
stigma unequally bifid. Capsule linear, an inch and a half long. 



"Fig"- 1. Anthers. 2. Yistil-.— magnified. 3. Capsule :—nat. size. 



4-7 i8. 




Tab. 4718. 
RHODODENDRON Dalhousi.*:. 

Lady Dalhousies Rhododendron. 



Nat. Ord. EricEjE. — Decandria MoNOtn m a 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 4336.) 



Rhododendron Balhousiee ; fruticosum (subsexpedale) plerumque epiphytum, 
foliis ellipticis rigidis subundulatis mucronato-acutis (junioribus hirsutis) 
supra glabris veuis impressis subtus glaucescentibus sparse lepidotis, pe- 
tiolis brevibus, fioribus 3-5 tenninalibus subumbellatis, calycis profunde 
5-fidi lobis oblongis obtusis ciliatis, corollse (albse) amplse subcampanulataj 
limbo patente 5-lobo, lobis rotundatis, stam. 10, capsula oblonga 5-loculari. 

Rhododendron Dalhousise. Hook.fil. Sik. Rlwd. t. 1, 2. Journ. of Hort. Soc. 
Lond. v. 1. pp. 77 and 93. 



Of all the Sikkim-Himalayan Rhododendrons, the present is 
perhaps the one which has excited the greatest interest, partly 
from the great size and beauty of the fragrant flowers, " almost 
resembling those of the Bourbon Lily {IAlium candidum)," and 
partly from the peculiar place of growth, generally in its native 
localities, like tropical Orchidea, among moss, with Ferns and 
AroidecB, upon the limbs of large trees. Hence doubts have 
been expressed, as used to be the case with other epiphytes, how 
far it would be possible to succeed in the cultivation of this shrub. 
The seeds have germinated in England as freely as any, and our 
young plants have made rapid progress in a cool moist house. 
No one, however, expected to see its blossoms (belonging to a 
straggling shrub which on its native hills attains a height of six 
or eight feet) produced in cultivation in so short a space of time 
as three years from the period of the importation of the seed. 
The earliest arrival of this seed was in the spring of 1850. Mr. 
John Laing, gardener at Dysart House (the Earl of Rosslyn's), 
Kirkaldy, North Britain, has the honour of having been the 
first to flower this noble plant, and in March, 1853, he com- 
municated a specimen and drawing to me, together with the 

June 1st, 1853. 



following interesting particulars of his mode of treating the 
plant : — 

"In January, 1852, I selected from our woods a vigorous 
plant of Rhododendron Ponticum, with a clean straight stem, 
about six feet high, removing all the lateral branches, and 
potting in an eight-inch pot. About the end of January it 
was placed in the stove, where it was soon after inarched with 
R. Dalhousia. As the young shoot of the latter began to 
harden, it was gradually cut through till separated, and the 
plant was removed to a cool greenhouse to rest. It very soou 
showed symptoms of making another growth, when it was trans- 
ferred to the stove, to ripen its wood preparatory to its being 
again put into a cool house as the shoot ripened. Here it did 
not remain long before it made further progress, and again re- 
quired the heat of the stove to ripen its third growth. About 
the end of October a flower-bud was formed, when water was 
gradually withheld until it was moderately dry at the roots, and 
the plant was removed to a cool greenhouse for the entire winter. 
About the third week in February, 1853, it was placed in the 
stove, and began to show colour on the 16th of this month. 
When the flowers first appeared they were of a greenish colour, 
which gradually changed into a yellow, which also has died 
away, until it is of the colour of the flower sent, and I have no 
doubt but ere the flower drop it will be nearly white (as repre- 
sented in our plate). I may also state, that the plant has never 
been exposed out of doors : had it been so, the rusty colour on 
the upper surface of the leaf would very likely have been re- 
moved. The bark on the first shoot or growth is of a brown 
colour ; but the other two growths are yet green, as shown in 
the sketch." 

R. Dalhousice is a native of East Nepal, Sikkim, and Bhotan 
(Griffith Herb.), at elevations of from 6000 to 9000 feet, in 
humid forests. 

Descr. " A straggling shrub, six to eight feet high ; the stems 
clothed with a reddish, papery bark; the branches straggling, in 
distant whorls, each branch bearing its leaves and flowers only 
at the extremity. 5 ' Hooi.fi. Young branches stout, greenish. 
Leaves four to five inches long, spreading, rather rigid, subco- 
naceous, elliptical or nearly so, obtuse with a sudden point or 
macro, a little waved, hairy when young, according to Dr. 
[looker; in our plant pubescent, with rusty deciduous down; 
fully-formed leaves glabrous, dark-green, and naked above; 
deeply impressed with the pinnated veins, beneath glaucescent, 
and dotted with minute rusty-coloured scales. Petioles short, 
rather thin. Bracteas very deciduous. Flowers terminal, three 
to five, subumbellate, very large, fragrant. Peduncles one ami a 
hall to two inches long. Calyx deeply five-parted, the lobes ob- 



long, obtuse. Corolla four and a half inches long, and as much 
in diameter across the mouth, subcampanulate, narrowed at the 
base, the limb spreading, of five large rounded obtuse lobes : the 
colour is changeable, perhaps pure white in the normal state ; 
but the flower-bud is described as greenish ; the flower, when 
open, yellow, gradually deepening to pale orange, which latter 
colour fades, leaving the corolla almost a pure white. In its 
native country it is often tinged with rose. Stamens much 
shorter than the corolla. Anthers when perfect large, brown 
(in our cultivated plant imperfect). Filaments slender. Ovary 
ovate. Style as long as the corolla. Stigma large, capitate, 
obscurely five-lobed. 



Fig. 1. Stamen. 2. Calyx and pistil. 3. Section of ovaiy:— magn 

t. Capsule : — rial. size. 



±71$. 




Y. &<!*ve Wf ■ 



Tab. 4719. 
SKIMMIA Japonica. 

Japan Skimmia. 



Nat. Ord. Aurantiace^e.— Tetrandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Polygama. Calyx hypogynus, persistens, quadrifidus. Corolla 
tetrapetala, decidua, petalis exunguiculatis. Fl. hermaphr. Stamina 4 vel 5, 
hypogyna, calycis laciniis opposita, antheris dorso affixis anticis. Discus quadri- 
lobus, carnosus, ovarium cingens. Ovarium superum, quadriloculare, ovulo soh- 
tario penclulo anatropo in quovis loculo. Stylus simplex, cylindricus, stigmate 
orasso quadrilobo. Fl. masc. Omnia ut in hermaphroditis excepto ovano, 
cujus rudimentum parvum conicnm. Fl. FffiM. Stamina abortiva. Drupa su- 
pera, primum carnosa, demum sicca, tetrapyrena ; pyrenis cartilagineis, pendubs, 
monospermis. Semen pendulum, albuminosum ; testa membranacea tenui, em- 
bryone axili erecto, cotyledonibus crassis planis sibi impositis, radicula brevi cy- 
lindrica lulum spectante.— Frutices, ramis adscendentibus, cortice fusco ague ac 
reliquai plant® partes oleo atliereo scatente, foliis simplicibus alternis petiolatts in- 
tegerrimis coriaceis pellucide punctatis per trietmium persistentibus exstipulatis 
floribus post folia provenientibus polygamis in paniculas terminates thyrsotdeas et 
subdichotomas dispositis albis v. ochroleucis fragrantibus, drupa supera carnosa te- 
trapyrena. Zucc. 



Skimmia Japonica ; foliis alternis breviter petiolatis obovato-oblongis oblongisve 
utrinque attenuatis acutis integerrimis coriaceis pellucide glanduloso-punc- 
tatis glabris, paniculis terminalibus thyrsoideis multifloris, drupis globosis. 
Zucc. 

Skimmia Japonica. Thunb. Fl. Jap. p. 62. De Cand. Prodr. v. 2. p. 18. Sid. 
et Zucc. Fl. Jap. v. I. p. 125. t. 68. 

Ilex Skimmia. Spreng. Syst. Yeget. v. I. p. 495. 

Sin San vulgo Mijami Skimmi. Kampf. Anuen. Exot. p. 779. Banks, Ic. Kampf. 
t. 5. 



Native of Japan, on mountains about Nangasaki, where 
Ksempfer erroneously describes it as a large tree; cultivated by 
the Chinese as well as Japanese, on account of the delicious 
scent of the flowers, compared to that of Daphne odora. Intro- 
duced by Mr. "Fortune to Messrs. Standish and Noble s nursery, 
where it proves easy of cultivation, having borne two winters 
abroad unharmed, and having been flowered in a cod given- 
house. From that nursery our flowering specimen was Bent 



JUNE 1st, 1853. 



in March, 1853, but with the observation that some of the 
panicles were twice the size of that here given. It begins to 
flower while the plant is very small. " The evergreen and 
shining leaves," observes Siebold, "the clusters of numerous 
and graceful flowers, which all the summits of the branches 
produce from the beginning of spring, their perfume, and at 
the close of autumn the beautiful scarlet fruits, justify the rank 
which this maintains as a decorative plant." The natural af- 
finities of it are somewhat doubtful. De Candolle placed it in 
Celastrinea, and observes, " An Ilici, an Euonymo, an forsan 
Rhamno affine." Sprengel refers it to Ilex. Zuccarini says, 
" Proprius nobis Aurantiaceis connexum videtur, Rutaceis simul 
praesertirn endocarpio cartilagineo in fructu maturo a sarcocarpio 
soluto, et cocci modo semen includente affine, etsi seminibus al- 
buminosis ab utraque familia recedens." Dr. Wallich's Limonia 
Laureola is considered a second species of the genus (if it be not 
really the same). 

Descr. A shrub, rarely, according to Siebold, exceeding the 
height of three or four feet, everywhere glabrous, and everywhere 
aromatic when bruised. Branches ereeto-patent, terete, more or 
less warted. Leaves alternate, but here and there crowded so as to 
appear subverticillate ; in our plant all oblong, acuminate, cori- 
aceous entire, tapermg below into a short footstalk, penninerved, 
pellucido-punctate when held between the eye and the light, and 
minutely dotted beneath. Panicle terminal, thyrsoid, peduncled, 
broad-oblong, many-flowered. Flowers small, a good deal re- 
sembling those of some Hollies, and about the same size, with us 
mostly hermaphrodite. Pedicels with small, opposite, subulate 
bracts. Calm with four or five rounded lobes. Petals five, 
oblong, spreading. Stamens about as long as the petals, with 
arge anthers. Ovary subglobose. Style short, thick, four- 
lobed. Berries globose, bright scarlet. 



Fig. 1 Portion of a leaf. 2. Flower. 3. Calyx and pistil. 4 Trai, 
sechon of an ovary -.-magnified. 5 and 6. Berried \:~mt*K. 



4-720. 




Tab. 4720. 
episcia melittifolia. 

Melittis-leaved Episcia. 



Nat. Ord. Gesneriace^. — Didynamia Gymnospermia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx liber, pentaphyllus seu quinquepartitus. Corolla infuudi- 
buliformis, tubo rectinsculo basi postice gibbo, Umbo 5-lobo. Stamina 4, didy- 
nama, cum quinti postiei rudimento e basi tubi. Aumdus hypogymis in glandu- 
lam posticam tumens. Stigma bilamellatum. Cajmrfa subglobosa, membranacea, 
bivalvis, placentis 2 parietalibus bilamellatis. Semina plurima, oblcmga. — Herbge 
Americana molles, decumbentes, radicantes. Folia opposita, petiolata, venis anasto- 
momntibus percursa. Flores axillares, solitarii vel cymosuli et bracteati. Be Cand. 



Episcia melittifolia ; erecta, caule obtuse tetragono eano-pubescente, foliis ovato- 
ellipticis acutis pubesceiiti-hirsutulis grosse duplicato-crenatis reticulatim 
rugosis nitidis subtus pallidis, pedunoulis axillaribus subpaniculatis pauci- 
lloris folio brevioribus, sepalis corollae tubum suba?quantibus longe lanceo- 
latis acuminatis subserratis, corolla; lobis integerrirais. 

Ki'isciA melittifolia. Mart. Nov. Gen. et Sp. Braz. v. 3. p. 42. Be Cand. Prodr. 
v. l.p. 547. 

Besleria melittaafolia. Linn. Sp. PL p. 8C2. " Schranfc, llort. Monac. t. 44." 

ISesleria Melissa; Tragi folio. Plum. Gen. Am. p. 29. t. 5. 



A really handsome Gesneriaceous plant, now, we believe, first 
cultivated in any European stove ; sent by our friend Dr. Imray 
from Dominica, and flowering with us in March and April, 1853. 
It is probably not uncommon in the West Indian Islands ; for 
De Candolle gives the Caribbean Islands, Martinique, Guade- 
loupe, and even French Guiana, as stations for it, and we pos- 
sess dried specimens from St. Vincent. Plumier's outline figure 
is very characteristic ; but, like so many of his representations, of 
his Ferns especially, on an exaggerated scale. The leaves are 
coarse and nettle-like, while the flowers exhibit a very rich co- 
louring. 

Descr. Our plant is about a foot high, branched only at the 
the base ; stem stout, dark purple, obtusely quadrangular, clothed 
with delicate canescent down, especially upwards. Leaves upon 
June 1st, 1853. 



Ion* petioles, large, nearly elliptical, obtuse at the base, acute 

at the apex, obscurely pubescenti-hirsute, the margin coarsely 

doubly crenate, dark-green, glossy, and wrinkled above with the 

sunk reticulated veins, pale beneath, the veins prominent. Fe- 

tioles fleshy, thick, channelled above, the opposite pairs connate 

at the base of the petioles. From the axils of the upper leaves 

the peduncles are produced, somewhat pamcled, few- rarely 

sincrle-flowered. Pedicels one to two inches long. Calyx inclined 

upwards, as it were, from the tube of the corolla, and gibbous on 

the upper side at the base, purple-green, lax, deeply live-partite ; 

lobes lanceolate, straight, subserrated. Corolla crimson. Ihe 

tube longer than the calyx, curved downwards, with an obtuse 

spur at the base above ; the limb of five, nearly equal, rounded, 

spreading lobes. Stamens four, didynamous, included. Anthers 

roundish oval, two-celled. Ovary ovate, silky, with a large bifid 

erect gland on one side, and a smaller one on the other. Style 

included. Stigma two-lobed. 



Fig. 1. Stamens. 2. Pistil. 3. Section of ovary.— magnified. 



4-7Z1. 




Tab. 4721. 

RHODODENDRON glaucum. 

Glaucous-leaved Rhododendron . 



Nat. Ord. Erice^:. — Decandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4336.) 



Rhododendron glaucum; fruticulus erectus, ramis foliisque lepidotis, foliis 
brevi-petiolatis oblongo-ellipticis mucronato-acutis coriaceis subtus albo- 
glaucescentibus, umbellis plurifloris bracteatis, floribus mediocribus, calycis 
ampli 5-partiti lobis ovatis acutis subfobaceis, corolla? extus glanduloso- 
punctatae rosea? tubo campanulato intus filamentisque basi pubescente, bmbi 
lobis patentibus rotundatis, stamina 10, ovario dense squamuloso basi nudo, 
capsula subglobosa calycem persistentem aequante squaraulosa glauca 5- 
loculari. 

Rhododendron glaucum. Hook. fl. Sik. R/wd. t. 17; and in Journ. of Hort. 
Soc. of Lond. v. l.pp. 78 and 102. 



In the month of March, 1853, our first plant of Ehododendron 
glaucum, about a foot high, showed flower-buds, and in the fol- 
lowing month the blossoms were in perfection, as here repre- 
sented. It is an extremely distinct species, reared from seeds 
sent home from the Sikkim Himalaya by Dr. Hooker in the 
autumn of 1850. It inhabits rocky depressed ridges of Sikkim 
and Bhotan, at elevations of from 10,000 to 12,000 feet above 
the level of the sea. Our flowering plant had the protection 
of a cool greenhouse; others in the open border thrive well, 
but have not yet blossomed. In its native country the flower- 
ing season is May. The leaves have often a scurfy character 
from copious small scales, less abundant in the oldest leaves, 
and fewer on the underside of the leaf than on the upper 
and darker. Similar peltate and orbicular scales exist on the 
branches, pedicels, and on the very large calyx. The corollas, 
rose-coloured and really handsome, are rather glandular than 
scaly. Dr. Hooker's figure is very beautiful and correct in 
the work above quoted. The whole plant has a strongly resinous 
smell. 

june 1st, 1853. 



Descr. A small shrub, not exceeding two feet in height on 
its native hills, erect, Branches reddish-brown, scurfy or scaly. 
Leaves three to four inches long, oblong-elliptical, rarely ap- 
proaching to lanceolate, acute, almost mucronate, subcoriaceous, 
the margin recurved, upper surface dark opake-green, more or 
less dotted with white scales, the younger ones especially very 
glaucous, and almost white beneath, lepidote with rather few 
scattered dark-coloured scales; petioles about four lines long. 
Umbel terminal, five- to eight-flowered, with numerous pale- 
green, concave, broad, ovate bracteas, which before the opening 
of the flowers form a sort of involucre, and usually fall away 
when the expansion is perfect. Pedicels scarcely so long as the 
flower, scaly. Calyx spreading, campanulate, pale-green, large, 
foliaceous, cut into five, deep, ovate, acute, veined lobes, exter- 
nally lepidote. Corolla in bud deep red, afterwards full rose- 
colour, externally glanduloso-punctate ; tube campanulate, downy 
or woolly at the base within ; limb spreading, about one and a 
half inch across; the lobes broad, obtuse. Ovary very scaly, 
naked at the base. Stamens ten ; filaments as long as the corolla, 
downy below. Anthers oval, opening by two pores above. Style 
a little longer than the stamens, thickened upwards. Stigma 
large, depressed, capitate, with five points. 



Fig. 1. Stamen. 2. Calyx and pistil. 3. Transverse section of the pistil :— 
magnified. 



4-7 ZZ, 




Tab. 4722. 
XANTHORRHCEA Hastile, 

Spear Yellow- Gum. 



Nat. Ord. Asphodelejj:.— Hexandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Perianthium 6-partitum, subaxjualc, persistans : foliola interior* 
coneara, basi conmventia. ■ Stamina G, imo calvci inscrta. Momenta linearis 
glabra, exserta. Anthem versatiles. Ovarium loculis polyspermia. Stylus cy- 
nntlraceus tnsulcus. Stigma simplex. Capsula ovata, lignca, 3-locuIari s ;3-valv'is 
jams medio septifcns. Semina 1-2, compressa, umbilico basilari nudo. Em- 
>rgo transyersus.— Plantaj habitu proprio et ubi abundantes ckaracterem regioni pe- 
cuuarem imponentes. Caudex mpe resiniferus, nunc elevatm et sape divhus 
crassus, nunc brevmimus v. subnullus. Folia longissima, angusta, graminea, li- 
neana, subtnquelra v. ancipitia, confertissima, undiqne patula, apicibus recurvis 
oaetOue ddalatis semwaginautibus. Seapus terminalis, simplicissimus, teres, tape 
mgtmmus. Spica terminalis, cglindracea, amentifarmis, scapum quandoque (equate. 
v lores semles, confertissimi, albi, parti, multibracteati. Bracteaj numero indeter- 
minatce, imbricata, unguiculata; interiores sensim minores. Capsula; exserta, obtuse 
trtquetra, mtida>, cartilagineo-lignece . Semina atra, albumine carnoso, molli. Br. 



Xantiiorkikea Hastile; caudice brevissimo, foliis lineari-subulatis longissimis 
compresso-triquetris subancipitibiis supra plauis linea media elevata, marginc 
scaberulis, scapo longissimo amentum cylindramun pedale vcl sesqnipedale 
abquoties superante, bracteis foliolisquc exterioribus perianthii anice tomen- 
tosis. 

Xanthorbhcea Hastile. Brown, Prodr. Ft. Nov. TIoll. p.%%%. Ait. ITort. 
heir. ed. v. 2. p. 271. Smith in Rees' Cyd. n. 3. Knrdh, Emm. Plant. 
9. 4. p. 649. 

Xantiiorrihea resinosa. Pers. Syn. Plant, v. I. p. 370. 

Yellow Resin-tree. White, Fog. N. S. Wates, p. 235. tab. at p. 249. 



The Gum-trees, or Grass Gum-trees as they are sometimes 
called, of Australia, are among the most remarkable vegetable 
features of the colony. An excellent group of them is repre- 
sented in Mr. Backhouse's ' Narrative of a Missionary Journey in 
New South Wales,' tab. at p. 171. That peculiar species how- 
ever is considered to be the X. arborea, having an arborescent 
and branched stem. The perennial trunks are very liable to be 
blackened by the fires of the natives in burning the adjacent 
grass of the plains, and all the species probably yield a resinous 
gum, which, when strewed on hot coals, emits a fragrant smoke, 
" smelling like a mixture of balsam of Tola and benzoin ;" and 



" i.y 1st 1853. 



now used, we are told, as incense in the Roman Catholic 
churches of the colony. The " Yellow Resin" is the product of 
X. Ilastile, to which we refer our plant. This species is said to 
have been introduced in 1803, by Philip Gidley King, Esq., to 
the Royal Gardens, where it probably soon died. Other speci- 
mens and other species seem to have been imported, and shared 
the same fate. At length we received a healthy plant from Port 
Jackson, in 1845, through Mr. Kidd, then placed in temporary 
charge of the Botanic Garden of Sydney. This blossomed with 
us in the spring of 1853, while still, we apprehend, compara- 
tively a small plant, the whole height, including the scape and 
spike, being barely six feet. The scape alone in its native country 
attains a height of eighteen or twenty feet, and is used by the 
natives for making spears (whence the specific name Ilastile) 
and fish-gigs, being pointed with the teeth of fish or other 
animals. 

Descu. Caudew short, with us about six inches in height and 
eight in diameter, simple, clothed with the remains of fallen 
leaves, and bearing at the top a crown of dense, rather glaucous, 
grassy, crowded foliage. These leaves are three feet or more 
in length, very thickly inserted, and, from a very broad almost 
membranous base, become suddenly linear-subulate, recurved, 
harsh, and rigid, tapering to a very fine acuminated point ; they 
are longitudinally subtriangular, but thin and flat at the sides, 
so as to be somewhat ancipitate, the upper or inner face flat, 
and having an elevated longitudinal line : the edges are diapha- 
nous and scaberulous. Scape terminal, solitary, eighteen to 
twenty feet high (with us only five and a half), terete, firm, 
quite erect, bearing at the apex a dark-brown downy spike (very 
much resembling the head of the greater Reed-mace), from nine 
inches to a foot and a foot and a half long, cylindric.il, obtuse, 
many times shorter than the scape. This spike consists of a 
vast quantity of scaly bracts, linear, dilated at the apex, and 
there clothed with fuscous down, which give the colour to the 
spike. The flowers are copious amongst these bracts, but ar- 
ranged spirally around the axis, sessile, small. Perianth in two 
series : outer of three erect sepals exactly resembling the bracts, 
and equally downy at the apex ; the inner of three oblong, emar- 
ginate and obscurely serrated, erect, white,. membranaceous ones. 
stamens six much exserted. Filaments long, subulate, spread- 
ing above the sepals, and forming white stars upon the dark- 
brown spike. Antlers oblong-globose, nearly white. Ovary 
obovate. Style cylindrical. Stigma obtuse. 



? isr. 1. 



Mower, accompanied by two bracteas. 2. Inner sepal. 3. Stamen. 
nagnlfmi a " SVersc seotion of the ovary. 6. Small portion of the leaf :— 



all 



4-7Z3. 




"Etch-dalmlith.. 



£.FeevH,mif ■ 



Tab. 4723. 

LITTONIA MODBSTA. 

Unassuming Littonia. 



Nat. Ord. Uvularie^:. — Hexandkia Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Periantldum subcampanulatum, hexsepalum, sepalis oblongo-acu- 
minatis subcarinatis concavis erecto-patentibus intus basi poro nectarifero utrin- 
que squamula parva marginata. Stamina 6, hypogyna, libera, perianthio breviora. 
Filamenta subulata, glabra. Anthera? oblongo-sagittatse, obtusse, basifixse, bilo- 
culares, loculis lateraliter rima longitudinali dehiscentes. Connectivum amplum. 
Ovarium ovale, longitudinaliter trisulcatum, lobis linea media longitudinali de- 
pressa notatis, 3-loculare, pluriovulatum, ovulis biseriatim angulo interiori loculi 
affixis. Stylus longitudine fere ovarii, erectus, strictus, apice profunde trifidus, 
lobis reflexis ; stigmata obtusa, pubescentia. Fructus . . . . — Herba scandens 
Natalensis. Radix iuberosa, tubere in/erne bilobo, lobo unico tuber novellum pro- 
deunte. Caulis scandens, simplex, teres, Jierbaceus, foliosus. Folia inferiors ter- 
naiim verlicillala, superiora opposita, omnia lanceolata, longe tenuissime acuminata, 
glabra, par allelim venosa, striata, apice cirrhifera. Pcdunculi breves, axillares, so- 
li tarii, unijlori. Flores nutantes, aurantiaci. 



Littonia modesta. 



Two numbers back (Tab. 4716) we had the pleasure ot 
figuring' a new Liliaceous plant from Natal, and naming it after 
its discoverer, John Sanderson, Esq., of that colony. The same 
gentleman detected in that colony our present plant, of which 
tubers were sent to the Natal Garden, and thence by Mr. JVTKen 
to us, as a new species of Metlionica* (Gloriosa, Linn). True 

* We readily concur in Dr. Wight's views, expressed in the last volume of his ad- 
mirable < Icones Plantarum India; Orientalis,' vol. vi. p. 25, Preferring Metlionica 
and its allies, including Sandersonia, at Tab. 4716, to Uvulariea, rather than to 
UUacea. We wish we could say as much in favour of his views respecting the 
preference given to Gloriosa, Linu., over Mttkomca, Herm. But here it is only 
justice to Dr. Wallich to copv a memorandum, with which he has just favoured 
"s, on the subject. " In my humble judgment," he writes, " our fnend Wight 
is quite wrong in regard to Mdlwnlva and Gloriosa (see his long description in 
leoues Plant. Ind. Orient, vol. vi. p. 23). He says, ' Turning now to Hermann 
for his definition of the genius, on which only he is entitled to chim the paternity 
of the name, all we find is ' Metlionica Malabaronmi- -Metiomca of the Malabar* 

JUL! 1st, 1853. 



the stem and foliage are altogether those of that genus (a native 
of South Africa) ; but the flowers are extremely different, and we 
have little hesitation in considering the plant to form a new genus, 
Litto?iia—a tribute to the memory of the late Dr. Samuel Litton, 
for twenty-one years Professor of Botany in the Royal Dublin 
Society, a deeply learned and amiable man, and a popular lecturer. 
The modest appearance of this plant, in contrast with its very near 
ally the " Gloriosa superba," Linn., may further serve to indicate 
his unassuming and retiring disposition, which, as has been re- 
corded by the Council of the Royal Dublin Society, " prevented 
his taking that rank in general society to which his acquirements 
entitled him." The shape of the sepals, their direction, the scaly 
nectary, the stamens, the style, and stigmas, all tend to keep 
this genus distinct from MetJtonica. It flowered in the stove ot 
the Royal Gardens in April, 1853, within three months after the 
tubers were planted. 

Descr. The tubers are exceedingly curious. An old fully- 
formed one is larger than a Spanish Chestnut, and somewhat 
of the same shape, but having two projecting lobes or horns 
pointing downwards, with a few capillary fibres in the centre 
beneath. When this is planted, a new white obconical tuber is 
formed from the apex of one of these lobes, and which, if I may 
so say, is inverted, the broad upper side being downwards, 
giving rise to the stem, while the narrow apex throws out a 

There is no definition ; the citation therefore, in a controversial discussion, is, to 
say the least, inappropriate, being without weight or argument.' Now, so far 
from Hermann giving no definition, there is a very good description of his Metho- 
mca Malabarorum in his Hort. Academ. Lngd. Bate v. p. 688, and a very good 
figure (tab. or rather page 689) annexed, which is similarly inscribed, ' Melhonica 
Malabarorum? More than that, the peculiar shape of the root of the plant is well 
figured, and also described in these words : ' forma actionem*, seu literam V, ex 
duobus quasi brachiis coluxrentem, referente, etc.' Now so remarkable is this 
shape of the root, that the Sanskrita and the Bengali names of the plant an 
derived from it : ' Langulisha,' Sanskr. ; ' Ishor-Langula,' Beng. ; meaning the 
handle or governor of a plough. In fact, the root resembles quite that perfec- 
tion of primitive simplicity, a native plough. Finally, Hermann quotes as a 
synonym, « Lilium zcylanicum superbum, vulgo.' Now, was ever authority for 
a name more perfect or incontrovertible? Methonica ought to be adopted, and 
not that barbarissimum nomen, Gloriosa ; and the specific name ought to be 
Malabarorum, and not superba. (I should not be surprised that the Malabar de- 
rivation of Hermann will be verified: I will make inquiries.) Is not the same 
author's Adhatoda in the identical work, and only a few pages previously, ]'• ( > ' ~ 
f. 843, adopted as a specific name — now a generic one? Tournefort, in Me- 
moires de l'Acad. Royale dea Sciences (called 'A. G.,' i. e. Acta Gallica) pour 
1707, p. 8G. tab. 7. fig. (5) excellent (the curious root again separately re- 
presented),— Bay, Hist. vol. ii. p. 1915,— Boerh. Index alter, vol. ii. p. 184 
all the above have Methomea Malabarorum for the name of our plant, finally. 
Linueus in Hortus ClifTort. p. 121, quotes Methonica Malabarorum, Hema., 
Tournef., Boerhaave, Dill, gen., Coinmelyn I'l. et Plukenet." 

* I cannot make out what 'actio" mean of my Latin or Greek dic- 

tionaries give me any clue. 



quantity of long capillary fibres. Eventually, when the old 
tuber is thrown off, the new one assumes its proper direction in 
the earth, and takes the place of the old tuber. Stem terete, 
glabrous, herbaceous, simple, two to three feet long, climbing. 
Leaves broad-lanceolate, glabrous, spreading or reflexed, sessile, 
striated with parallel nerves, much and very narrowly attenuated 
into a filiform tendril, which it uses for support; lower leaves 
ternately verticillate, upper ones smaller and alternate. Pedun- 
cles rather short, axillary, solitary, bearing a single, drooping, 
orange-coloured flmver. Sepals six, lanceolate, erecto-patent (so 
that the perianth is subcampanulate), oblong, shortly but sharply 
acuminate, moderately concave, keeled at the back; within at 
the base having a small oblong nectariferous cavity, partially 
closed by a little ciliated scale on each side. Stamens six, free, 
erect, hypogynous, as long as the pistil, much shorter than the 
sepals. Filament subulate. Anther oblong, subsagittate, fixed 
by its base to the filament. Connectivum large, separating the 
cells, which are quite marginal, and open laterally by a longi- 
tudinal fissure. Ovary oval, with three furrows and three ob- 
tuse lobes, with a depressed line down each lobe, three-celled, 
cells many-seeded : the seeds attached, in two longitudinal rows, 
to the inner angle of the cell. Style about as long as the ovary, 
divided above into three rather long recurved segments or 
branches, each tipped with an obtuse downy stigma. 



Fig. 1. Old and new tuber:— mt. size. 2. Sepal and nectary. 3. One 
of the scales from the nectary. *. Stamen, 5. FistiL 6. Ovary cut through 
transversely : — magnified. 



4-7Z4-, 




T.B-eeve.imf 



Tab. 4724. 
lopezia macrophylla, 

Large-leaved Lopezia. 



Nat. Ord. Onagiiarie;e. — Monandria Monogynia. 

Gen. CJ/ar. Calycis limbus 4-partitus, deciduus. Petala 4, irregularia. Stamina 2, 
uno fertili antherifero, altero opposito sterili petaliformi a petalis veris sa3pius 
discolore. Stigma capitatum. Capsula nuda, subglobosa, 4-locularis, apice tan- 
tum loculicide quadrivalvis ; valvis placentae centrali dissepimentis adnatis. Se- 
mina plurima, minima. — Herbse erectce aut suffrutices. Folia dentata, alterna, 
rarius opposita. Racemi caulem ramosque terminantes. Flores pedicellali, pur- 
purei. DC. 



Lopezia macrophylla ; fruticosa, glabriuscula, foliis petiolatis ellipticis oblon- 
gisve acuminatis denticulatis basi angustatis, sepalis erecto-patentibus lan- 
ceolatis (rubris) corollam sequantibus, petabs duobus breviter unguiculatis. 
JBentk. 

Lopezia macrophylla. Benth. in Plant. HarUceg. p. 83. n. 577. Lindl. in 
Journ. of H(frt. Soc. v. l.p. 278. Planch, in "Flore des Serres, v. 7. 1. 2,3. 
p. 177." Paxt. et Lindl. Flower Garden, v. 3. p. 146 cum Jc. xylogr. 
n. 302. (apparently copied from the ' Flore des Seires.') 

Lopezia grandiflora. Flora od. Pot. Zeil. 1832, Beitr.p. 101. 

Jehlia fuchsioides. Ilort. Germ. 



Received from Mr. Van Houtte under the name of Jehlia 
fuchsioides ; and this, is given by Dr. Lindley and Mr. Paxton 
as a synonym of Lopezia macrophylla of Planchon ; "but it 
seems impossible," they say, " that it can be the plant which 
Mr. Bcntham first described as Lopezia macrophylla in the 
' Plantse Hedwigiana3,' a shrub with downy leaves and terminal 
panicles of flowers. Our plant however is certainly the same 
species as Mr. Bentham's ; only Hartweg's plant is rather more 
hairy ; and assuredly our plant is identical with the woodcut in 
the ' Flower Garden,' copied, we presume, from Planchon's re- 
presentation. In regard to the inflorescence, which Mr. Bcntham 
describes as being racemose (not in ' terminal panicles'), I think 
that appearance arises in llartweg's specimens from the leaves 
July 1st, 1853. 



having fallen away. In our plants the peduncles are single- 
flowered and axillary. — It is more than probable that our 
plant is the same with the L. grandijlora of Zuccarini, briefly 
characterized in the 'Flora' above quoted; but we have no 
means of determining the question. Our plant is a native of 
Mexico and Guatemala, and flowers in the greenhouse with us 
in March." 

Descr. A small half-shrubby plant : the root is said to be 
tuberous and fleshy, like some Fuchsias. Branches green and 
succulent. Leaves opposite, on long petioles, ovate, acuminate, 
coarsely serrated, slightly hairy (variable, I believe, in this re- 
spect), and ciliated ; strongly penninerved, the lateral nerves or 
veins channelled above, prominent beneath. Peduncles axillary, 
solitary, much longer than the petioles, slender, erecto-patent, 
single-flowered. Flowers large, bright red ; the small, globose, 
inferior ovary only being green. Calyx segments erecto-patent, 
lanceolate, broader at the base. Petals, two narrower and 
longer than the calyx, geniculated at the base : two broader and 
shorter than the calyx. Perfect stamen one j filament as long as 
the style ; anther large, oblong, terminal, purple : the other, or 
second stamen, is abortive, petaloid, oblong-spathulate, wavy at 
the margin, geniculated near the base, dilated at the point of in- 
sertion. Style about as long as the petals, hairy near the base. 
Stiyma depresso-capitate. 



Fig. 1. Flower from which the calyx-segments and two of the petals have been 
removed. 2. Ovary cut through transversely :—magniJh'>l. 




I.HeeveimB- 



Tab. 4725. 
lilium roseum. 

Hose-coloured Lily. 



Nat. Ord. Liliace^e. — Hexandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 4561.) 



LlLlDM (§ Notholirion, Watt) roseum; foliis alternis flaccidis lineari-acuminatis ca- 
rinatis superioribus remotis multoties brevioribus, floribus racemosis ccriiuis 
subinfundibulifonuibus, sepalis uniformibus spathulatis apicibus reflexis ad 
basin usque distinctis basin versus maculatis, staminibus declinatis sepalorum 
loiigitudine, stigmate trilobo, " capsulis turbinatis obtuse hexagonis." 

Lilium roseum! Wall. Cat. n. 5077, et var. /3. 

Feitillaria Tliomsoniana. Royle, lllustr. p. 388. t. 92. Kunth, Enum. v. 4. 
p. 672. 

Lilium Thomsonianum. Lindl. Sot. Reg. 1845, t. 1. Walpers, Annal. Sot. 
v. I. p. 852. 



We quite agree with Dr. Lindley that this is a lilium, as it 
has been named by its discoverer, rather than a Fritillana, as 
Dr. Royle and the late Professor Kunth have considered it, and 
assuredly it has no real nectary on adjnear depression to the sepals. 
The habit however is peculiar, and the leaves in form rather re- 
semble some Hemerocallis than a Lily or Fntillary. Dr. Wallich 
indeed has, in his MS. with which he has favoured us, named it 
Notholirion roseum, observing, " Lilio affine, sed diftert stigmate 
bilobo." Lilium roseum is a native of Gossain Than and Kamaon 
(Wallich), and of Mussooree (Royle), and Almora (elev. 8000 
feet), where it was found bv Messrs. Thomson and btracney. 
Seeds were sent by the latter gentleman to Kew Gardens and 
the plants flowered in a cool frame in April, 1853 A slight 
variety or form of this (the Gossain Than plant of Dr. Wallich 
is given as a new species by Dr. Royle, different from L roseum 
{Frit. T/umsomana, Royle); but Dr. Wallich'. notes od both 
plants, made on the spot, prove that they are one and the same 

jvia 1st, 1863 



Neither can we agree to the union of Lilium roseum with L. ma- 
crophyllum of Don, which is described as having yellow flowers. 
Descr. Bulb, according to Dr. Wallich, " an inch long, ob- 
long-ovate, tunicated, the scales oblong-lanceolate, shining, the 
exterior ones chestnut-brown." Stem, including the flowers, a 
foot and a half high, erect, terete, glabrous, as is every part of 
the plant. Leaves crowded at the base of the stem, but alter- 
nate, sessile, linear-acuminate, grassy, the lowermost very long, 
a foot or a foot and a half, gradually smaller and more distant 
upwards, broader at the base, and passing into bracteas, all of 
them carinated. The stem terminates in a raceme of eight or 
ten rather large, handsome, drooping, lilac flowers. Pedicels 
nearly an inch long, shorter than the lanceolato-subulate bractea. 
Perianth between infundibuliform and campanulate. Sepals free 
to their base, almost exactly spathulate, the apices reflexed, the 
base within destitute of a real nectary, but furrowed, white, with 
a dark purple streak. Stamens six, hypogynous, as long as, or 
rather longer than the pistil, slightly declined. Filament filiformi- 
subulate, white. Anthers oblong, deep purple. Pollen deep 
orange-red. Ovary oblong, obtuse, with three deep furrows, 
and three lesser intermediate ones, three-celled, many-ovuled. 
Ovules in two rows, attached to the inner angle of the cell. 
Style as long as the stamens, and declined with them, filiform ; 
the stigma curved upwards, three-lobed. Capsule, according to 
Dr. Royle, " turbinate, obtusely six-angled. Seeds wingless." 



Fig. 1. Sepal. 2. Pistil. 3. Transverse section of an ovary :— magnified. 



4-7 ze. 




lei et life.. 



T.Reerp -imp 



Tab. 4726. 
azalea crispiflora. 

Crisped-jlowercd Azalea. 



Nat. Ord. Erice^e. — Pentandria Monogynia. 



Gen. Char. Calyx 5-partitus. Corolla infundibuliformis, irregularis, 5-loba. 
Stamina 5, cum corolla non concreta. Antkerte apice biporosce. Stylus elongatus, 
cum staminibus exscrtus, apice non sensim incrassatus. — Omnia ideo RJtododendri, 
sed flores constanter et regulariter pentandri et folia decidua. Be Cand. 



Azalea crupiflora ; foliis obovato-lanceolatis acutis brevissime petiolatis utrin- 
que margineque villosulis, floribus termiualibus solitariis pedunculitis, pc- 
dunculis brevibus bracteatis, calycis foliolis oblongis obtusis villosis, corolla* 
(pulcherrime rosea;) tubo infundibuliformi-campanulato, lobis amplis rotuu- 
datis patentibus undulato-crispatis, staminibus vix exsertis, ovario hispidis- 
simo. 



One of the many fine and showy plants introduced by Mr. 
Fortune from China. I am quite aware of the difficulty of de- 
termining whether a Chinese garden-plant, long in cultivation 
with the natives, ought to be considered new, however different 
from any known kind, or only a variety, or, still more probably, 
a hybrid. On this point I must leave others to decide, only ob- 
serving that to me it appears to have, in its large and very crisped 
flowers, in the nature of the calyx, in the coloured bracts sur- 
rounding the base of the solitary flower-stalk, and the hispid 
ovary, sufficient characters to warrant its being considered a new 
and distinct species. Certain it is that the size and beauty of the 
flowers render it worthy of a place in every collection. It re- 
quires to be treated as a greenhouse plant; and with Messrs. 
Standish and Noble (Bagshot Nursery), to whom we are indebted 
for the specimen, its flowering season is April. 

Dkscr. A moderate-sized shrub, rather copiously branched, the 
branches often subverticillate, woody, dark-brown, clothed with 
appressed chatty hairs, most abundant on the young branches. 
Leaves alternate, about an inch and a half long, submembra- 
naceous, patent, obovato-oblong or sublanccolate, acute, entire, 

JULY 1st, 1833. 



penninerved, villous both above and beneath with soft appresscd 
hairs. Peduncles solitary, terminal upon almost every branch, 
short, half an inch, or little more, long, and almost wholly con- 
cealed by an involucre of three to five ovate, concave, membra- 
naceous, erect, coloured (red) bracteas. Calyx cut almost to the 
base into three oblong, obtuse, villous lobes. Corollas large, deep 
rose-colour : tube between infundibuliform and campanulate, 
obtusely five-angled and gradually widening into the large, 
spreading, five-lobed limb ; the lobes rotundate, remarkably waved 
and crisped at the margin. Stamens five, unequal, deflexed and 
ascending. Filaments red, downy below. Anthers deep purple, 
apparently abortive. Ovary small, ovate, five-lobed, very hispid. 
Style nearly as long as the stamens, glabrous. Stigma with five 
obtuse points. 



Fig. 1. Stamen. 2. Calyx and pistil. 3. Ovary. 4. Transverse section of 
ditto : — magnified. 



4-7Z7. 




Tu-aLii-t 



Tab. 4727. 
SEMEIANDRA grandiflora. 

Large-flowered Semciandra. 



Nat. Old. Onagrarie;e. — Diandria Monogynia. 



Gen. Char. Calyx ovario cohrcrens, ultra ovarium longc productus, coloratus, 
bsequaliter infundibulilbrrais, ad medium in lacinias 4 longe lineares elongatas, 
quorum trcs flemum reflexas quartam erectam, fissus. Petala 4, parva, angus- 
tissime linearia, cum laciniis calycinia alterna. Stamina duo, unacum stylo in 
columnam subcarnosam longc exscrtam tubo calycis toto secus sepalum posterius 
aduatam connata, supcrne libera : unum (posterius) in ligulam petaloideam apice 
cxpansum ; altcrum (anterius) antberiferum. Antliera dorso medio affixa, bilocu- 
laiis, loculis parallelis. Ovarium 4-loculare, multiovulatum. Stylus filiformis, 
tubo calycis triplo longiore. Stigma depresso-capitatum. Capsula globosa, 4- 
locularis, loculicide 4-valvis, polyspcrma: dissepimentis placentas centrali ad- 
natis persistentibus. Semina ovoidea, minuta, muriculata.— Suffrutex pubescens 
Mexicanns. Folia pleraque opposita, oblonga v. ovata, basi in petiolum attenuata, ser- 
rata. Flores axillares, solitarii (pel, si mavis, Racemi terminates foliosij ; pedicelli 
graciles,fructiferi deflexi, subfructu incurvi. Flores coccinei, satis magni. 



S k m ET A N r> it a granrfijlora. 

SBMMANDBA grandiflora. Hook, et Am. Bot. of Beech. Foy.p. 291. I. 59. 



A remarkable genus, allied to Fuchsia, with singularly-formed 
fl« wers of a 1 mght scarlet colour; the coloured calyx constituting the 
principal portion of the flower. Native of Mexico, first detected 
about Topic, by the Naturalists of Captain Becchey's Voyage in 
IT.M.S. Blossom, and described in the Botany of that Expedition. 
It was again found in the Sierra Madre, on the road from Maza- 
1 1an to Durango by Mr. B. Seemann, who transmitted to the Royal 
Gardens the seeds from which the plant represented in our Plate 
have been raised. " The Semciandra grandiflora" says Mr. See- 
mann, " grows in the temperate regions of North-western Mexico, 
at an elevation from 4000 to 5000 feet above the ocean, among 
(mlplmnias, Tupas, Cuphcas, and Lobelias. It is a slender shrub, 
about six feet high, and its bright scarlet blossoms render it a 
desirable acquisition to every garden. When I met with it towards 

july 1st, 1853. 



the end of 1850, it was both in flower and fruit, making it pro- 
bable that it flowers more or less throughout the year." — With 
us (in Kew) it began to show its blossoms in March, 1853. 

Descr. An erect, branched, suffruticose, downy plant, herba- 
ceous above ; branches terete. Leaves opposite, petiolate, ovate 
or ovato-lanceolate, tapering below, acuminate at the apex, penni- 
veined. Flowers from the axils of all the superior leaves, so that 
they may be said to form a leafy raceme. Peduncle slender, one 
to two inches long (longer in fruit), single-flowered. Flower 
large, handsome, every part except the ovary bright red, even the 
style and filaments of the stamens. Ovary globose, small, green. 
Calyx petaloid ; the tube infundibuliform ; the limb cut into four 
linear, acuminate, very long segments, of which three are quite 
reflexed, while the fourth is erect. Petals four, linear subulate. 
Stamens two. Filaments very long, combined in the lower half 
with the inside of the calyx : free above. Anther oblong. Style 
a little longer than the stamens. Stigma capitate and umbilicate. 
Capsule about the size of a pea, on the elongated very patent or 
even reflexed peduncles, which latter curve upwards just below 
the fruit. 



Fig. 1. Tube of the calyx (laid open), petals, pistil, and stamens. 2. Trans- 
verse section of the ovary. 3. Capsule: — nat. size. 



4-7 Z8. 




TitckdeletlitL. 



f.Heeve- 10 ?- 



Tab. 4728. 
azalea amcena. 

'Bright-flowered Azalea. 



Nat. Ord. Erice^.— Pentandma Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4726.) 



Azalea amcena; humilis, rarais foliisque obovato-ellipticis integerrimis supra 
prsecipue margineque appresse setosis, floribus terminalibiis subcorymbosis 
calyce colorato amplo corollam subaequante profunde 5-fido lobis incisis ci- 
iiatis, stamimbus 5 exsertis. 

Azalea amcena. Paxton et Lindl. Flower Garden, v. 3. t. 89. 



This lovely Azalea was introduced to Messrs. Standish and 
• lNoble s extensive nursery, Bagshot, by Mr. Fortune, from 
^anghae, where it was cultivated, and to which place it had 
been brought from the far-famed city of Soo-chow-foo. It is 
supposed by Mr. Fortune to be "from a country further north 
tnan any of its race in China have been known to inhabit, or at 
au events from a higher elevation on the mountains." Certain 
is, that at Bagshot a plant has stood out the whole winter, 
unnarmed, without protection, and it is expected to be perfectly 
Hardy. Our plant was received from Messrs. Standish and 
iNoole ; and the little bush, in April, 1853, was covered with its 

oth" t !i nchly * C0l0Ured bIossoms m a c ° o1 greenhouse, where 

tner Indian Azaleas are protected. Mr. Fortune pronounces it 

ro be a very distinct species; and assuredly, difficult as it may 

bv tb nl° P ronounce on the specific value of Azaleas cultivated 

J trie Chinese, we see no reason to doubt the correctness of 

r. fortune's opinion in the present instance. We cannot but 

Jf? ^rprise that the flowers in the ' Flower Garden,' above 

To]] a are described as havin S that kind of double C(*olla which 

but wl! m h ° Se : " and further > " no cal y x is discoverable ; 

cor « . tnat or g an is absent, or is converted into the external 

lare ' 1S lmcertain " Ttus error has apparently arisen from the 

beirf S1Z f °^ tlle Calyx ( near ^y as lar g e as tne corolla), and its 

g coloured like the corolla ; but that this organ is the true 

AUGUST l STj 1853 



calyx is as clear as the calyx upon any other Azalea, and is most 
apparent in the state of the advanced bud (see our figure). It 
is moreover fringed or ciliated like the leaves, while the corolla 
is not. 

Descr. Our plant forms a small bush, a foot high, with nu- 
merous wiry branches, dividing almost from the base, often 
fasciculate, everywhere clothed with appressed chaffy brown 
bristles, most copious on the younger branches. Leaves sparse 
or wanting in the lower part of the branches, rather crowded 
towards the extremity, elliptical-obovate, tipped with a short 
mucro, subcoriaceous, nearly sessile, patent, entire, dark green 
above, and rather thickly setose, as is the margin, pale and 
somewhat glaucous beneath, setose on the costa; the veins are 
pinnated, and they combine so as to form an almost continuous 
line distant from the margin : all the setae are close-pressed and 
chaffy, and brown, except on the very young shoots, where they 
are quite white. Peduncles red, single-flowered, axillary, solitary, 
but as they are confined to the uppermost leaves they form a 
kind of leafy corymb. Calyx remarkably large, and as richly 
coloured as the corolla, campanulate, membranaceous, deeply 
and rather irregularly five-lobed, the lobes often laciniated and 
fringed with white hairs. Corolla rich crimson-purple, campa- 
nulate, the limb spreading, deeply five-lobed, quite glabrous. 
Sta?nens five, ascending. Filaments crimson. Anthers dark- 
purple, ovate, opening by two pores. Ovary ovate, setose, five- 
celled. Style decurved, then ascending, much longer than the 
stamens. Stigma with five small points. 



Fig. 1. Calyx and pistil. 2. Stamen. 3. Pistil. 4. Transverse section of 
pistil : — magnified. 



472$. 







Titckduetlifh.. 



Tab. 4729. 

CANTUA bicolor. 

Two-coloured Cantua. 



Nat. Ord. Polemoniacejs. — Pentandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4386.) 



Cantua bicolor ; foliis obovatis apiculatis integerrimis junioribus ramulisque 
hirsutis, floribus in ramos terminalibus solitariis, calyce glabriusculo mem- 
branaceo, corollae tubo flavo dimidio breviore, staminibus styloque exsertis. 

Cantua bicolor. Lindley et Paxton, Mag. Bot. 1849, cum Ic. 

Cantua ovata? Cav. Ic. t. 363. 

Periphragmos uniflorus? Ruiz et Pav. M. Per. t. 2. p. 18. Be Cand. Prodr. 
v. 9. p. 321. 



We are indebted to Messrs. Veitch for living plants of this 
Cantua, which flowered in April, 1853. It has, indeed, already 
appeared in the volume of ' Paxton's Magazine of Botany' for 
1849 (no number or page), under the name of C. bicolor, as a 
plant recently introduced by Messrs. Veitch from Peru, through 
their collector, Mr. William Lobb, who sent the seeds in 1846 ; 
but though a new name is given to it, the " Authorities and 
Synonyms" quoted under it are, " Cantua tomentosa, Cav., Peri- 
pliragmos dependens, R. et P., Cantua dependens, Pers., and 
Cantua buxifolia ? Juss.," all, except Persoon, giving figures illus- 
trative of what they intend ; and all these are as related in the 
Bot. Magazine, t. 4582, considered by us the same as, or mere 
varieties of Cantua buxifolia, Cav., and as such quoted under 
that species at our Tab. just quoted. Here, however, is quite a dif- 
ferent-looking plant, with a comparatively short and quite yellow 
tube to the corolla, solitary, and never drooping vertically, and 
raised from seeds from the same country as our C. buxifolia. 
iet, fearing the present plant might prove to be a cross with 
some other kind, we wrote to Mr. Veitch, who replies, " The 
°nty Cantuas wc have bloomed are C. bicolor (here figured), C. 

MJGUSI 1st, 1853. 



pyrifolia (see our Tab. 4386), and C. buxifolia (our Tab. 4582). 
The first, C. bicolor, was introduced by Mr. Low, though we 
had also seeds from Mr. William Lobb ; but we have never had 
any hybrids/' Whether a true species or not may be doubtful, 
but its beautiful flowers will recommend it to every cool stove. 
Were it not that Cavanilles describes his C. ovata as the 
" Corolla caruleo-rubens" and Ruiz and Pavon (their Peri- 
phragmos uniflorus being the same) as having the " tube of the 
corolla purple, and the limb violet" I should confidently have 
referred it to that dubious species : the corolla of their plant is 
much longer than ours. 

Descr. Our plant is a graceful, small, erect-growing shrub, 
somewhat virgate in the main branches, the shorter and younger 
ones, as well as the young foliage, hairy. Leaves about an inch 
long, including the short petiole, obovate, tapering or cuneate 
below, apiculate at the point, quite entire at the margin, penni- 
vemed. Peduncles solitary at the extremity of the branches, 
single-flowered, curved downwards. Flowers large, drooping. 
Calyx monophyllous, between campanulate and cylindrical, 
membranaceous, veined and slightly reticulated, five-toothed; 
teeth triangular, erect. Corolla infundibuliform ; tube yellow, 
twice as long as the calyx, obscurely striated; limb scarlet both 
within and without, of five obcordate spreading lobes. Stamens 
exserted ; filaments yellow, unequal ; anthers nearly black. Ovary 
ovate glabrous, seated on a large glandular disc, three-celled. 
htyle longer than the stamens, and much exserted. Stigma of 
three linear lobes. 



%• 1. Pistil. 2. Transverse section of the ovary -.—magnified. 



4730. 




Tab. 4730. 
RHODODENDRON niveum. 

Snowy-leaved Rhododendron. 



Nat. Ord. Erice^e.— Decandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4336.) 



Rhododendron mveum; arbuscula vage raraosa, cortice fusco rugoso, foliis 
obovato-lauceolatis petiolatis acutis opacis subtus petioloque tomento ap- 
presso mveo (ranus fuscescente) lanatis, capitulis globosis compactis multi- 
flons calyce obsoleto, corollae late campanulata; tubo intus basi plicis 5 
membranaceis, ovarii annulo hypogyno magno lobato, capsulis ovali-ob- 
longis cybndraceis tomentosis obtus 6-locularibus, valvis lignosis. 

Rhododendron niveum. Hook. fit. Mod. Sik. Himal. Compact, p. 4. 



*ound by Dr. Hooker in Sikkim Himalaya ; rocky valleys and 
ndges, Lachen, Lachong, and Chola ; elevation 10,000 to 12,000 
teet, not nnfrequent : but he was not so fortunate as to meet with 
flowering specimens of this plant during his sojourn in Sikkim 
Himalaya. Yet from the fruiting ones he determined the species 
to be new, and he determined rightly. One of our young plants 
"J the Royal Gardens produced the flowers here represented in 
May, 1853, and they afford additional characters to those derived 
from the peculiar form of the fruit, and the snow-white, flocculent, 
opaque tomentum occupying both surfaces of the very young leaf 

permanent beneath — as distinguishing it from R. arboreum 
and from R. Campbellice. The colour of the flowers is indeed 
very different from either, and not unlike that of a the European 
*. ponhcum and the North American R. maximum, but showing 
aeep sanguineous spots at the inner base of the corolla, where, 
a ternating with them, are five membranaceous decurrent scales 
°r plicae The calyx is obsolete, reduced to a small oblique 
carcely lobed disc, and there is a very large hypogynous annu- 
lar lobed ring, i n which the ovary is inserted. 

ai d 1? CR " A Sma11 sfimb > witl1 ru SS ed bark on tne °^ er stems 
branches. Leaves moderately large, spreading, opaque on 
august 1st, 1853. 



both sides, obovato-lanceolate, tapering below into a short foot- 
stalk, the young leaves white-tomentose all over; the younger 
ones glabrous above, clothed beneath with white (rarely tawny) 
appressed flocculent tomentum. Flowers rather numerous, mo- 
derately large, on short tomentose peduncles. Calyx very small 
and inconspicuous, indeed concealed by the narrow base of the 
corolla, oblique, obsoletely five-toothed. Corolla externally yel- 
lowish-lilac, internally palish lilac, blotched with deeper lilac, and 
at the inner base having five, deep, blood-purple spots ; the form 
is broadly campanulate, narrow at the base of the tube but there 
five-lobed; the limb spreading, five-lobed, retuse and slightly 
lobed and waved. Stamens ten, shorter than the corolla : fila- 
ments glabrous. Ovary oval, very tomentose, seated on a large 
fleshy lobed annular disc, generally six-celled. Style declined, 
curved upwards towards the apex. Stigma a mere obtuse point. 
Capsule oblong or oval-oblong, terete, olive-brown, downy. 



Kg. 1. Portion of the base of the corolla, seen from within. 2. Stamen. 3. 
Ovary. 4. Ditto, cut through transversely: — magnified. 5. Capsule: — nat. size. 



4731. 




J Heeve.naf 



Tab. 4731. 
FRITILLARIA oxypetala. 

Sharp-petaled Fritillary. 



Nat. Ord. Liliace*:.— Hexandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Perigonium corollinum, deciduum, hexaphyllum ; foliate tsubiequa- 
lia, campanulato-couniventia, intus supra basin linea nectanfera. Mamma b, 
periaonii foliolis basi adhserentia. Ovarium triloculare, (hula m loculis plu- 
rima, biseriata, horizontal. Stylus terminalis, subclavatus : stigma . 3-partitum. 
Capsula trigona vel hexagona, angulis acutis, trilocularis, loculicido-tnvalvis. 
Semina in loculis plurima, biseriata, horizontal, compresso-plana ; testa tusca, 
membranaceo-alata, rhaphe hinc per marginem decurrente. Embryo minimus, 
umbilico proximus.— Herba3 in Europa australiore et Asia media indigene, bul- 
losa, cauUscentes ; foliis altemis v. subverticillatis ; floribus axillanbus, plerumque 
maculatis, nutantibus. Endl. 



Fritillaria oxypetala ; foliis linearibus seu lineari-lanceolatis alterais radical! 
Lnceolato Zi longe attenuato, caule unifloro^ flore nutante sepahs ,*wu* 
patentibus oblongo-ovatis acutis basi contracts subunguiculatis, ungue nec- 
tarifero extus et intus ad basin laminam puis fasciculahs barbato, bulbo 
squamis elongatis erectis tunicate 

Fritillaria oxypetala. Rogle, Bot. Himal. p. 888. 



Found at Pindari, Kumaon, elevation above the sea 12,500 
feet by Messrs. R. Strachey and Winterbottom (n. 4 of their Her- 
barium). Roots of this plant, as well as specimens, have been 
sent to me by those gentlemen ; the former producing flowering 
plants in June, 1853. If I am correct in referring it to the A 
\ X ypetala of Dr. Royle, of which he has given a brief oh aracter 
it was discovered by him at Taranda, in Kunawar. It has not 
the bell-shaped corolla of the legitimate Fritillanes yet hardly 
seems generically distinct. It succeeds well in a cool Irame 

DesL Bull oblong, coated with many large, lanceolate 
erect fleshy, greenish-white scales, the outer ones as long as the 
inner to a foot or a foot and a half high, terete, leafy. Madi- 
caileaf generally solitary, long, lanceolate, Sfff^™^ 
slender petiole-like base: cauline leaves distant, lineal oi linear 



AUGUST 1st, 1853. 



lanceolate, varying in length, recurved. Flower solitary, terminal, 
moderately drooping, at first subcampanulate, at length spreading. 
Sepals six, ovate or ovato-oblong, acute, contracted at the base 
into a nectariferous claw, bearing a small tuft of hair externally 
at the base, and a large dense crest-like tuft within at the base 
ot the lamina. Colour of the sepals lilac-purple, having a green 
keel externally ; within, the lower half, or rather more, is sprinkled 
with purple dots. Stamens six, shorter than the sepals ; anthers 
oblong, dark purple. Ovary oblong, somewhat six-angled, three- 
celled Style equalling the length of the filaments. Stigma 
three-lobed, papillose. Capsule globoso-oblong, with six rather- 
sharp angles. 



Fig. 1. Hoot-leaf:— nat. size. 2. Sepal. 3. Pistil. 4. Ovarv cut through 
transversely -.-^magnified. 5. Capsule. 6. Bulb :~nat. size. * 



4-73Z, 




F.fteeve , urrp. 



Tab. 4732. 
VACCINIUM ovatum. 

Ovate-leaved Whortleberry. 



Nat. Ord. Vaccinie^e. — Octandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4612.) 



"Vaccinium ovatum ; valde ramosum, ramis patentibus purpureis rigidis junioribus 
puberulis, foliis sempervirentibus ovatis coriaceis nitidis acutis subcarmatis 
brevipetiolatis dentato-serratis, racemis copiosis brevibus axillaribus termi- 
nalibusque, corollis globoso-campanidatis, filamentis birsutis, antbens dorso 
muticis, loculis superne longe productis. 

Vaccinium ovatum. Punk, Fl. Am. Sept. v. 1. p. 290. Lindl. Bot. Reg. 1. 1354. 
Hook. Fl. Bor. Am. v. 2. p. 34. 

Vaccinium prunifobum. Hortulan. 



We received this into the Arboretum of Kew from a nursery, 
under the name of Vaccinium prutiifolium ; but it is clearly the 
very little-known (as a garden plant) V. ovatum of Pursh, first 
discovered by Menzies in North-west America, and afterwards 
traced by Lewis and Scouler and Douglas, extending in the 
Oregon territory from the fortieth to the forty-ninth degree ot 
latitude. It was introduced to the Horticultural Society by 
Douglas, and is perfectly hardy and very ornamental ; the leaves 
being evergreen and glossy, and the flowers, though much con- 
cealed by the foliage when looked on from above, are of a waxy, 
yellowish white, delicately tinged with pale pink. 

Descr. A shrub about two to two and a half feet long, much 
branched, with rigid, straggling, dark-purple, terete branches, We 
younger ones puberulous. Leaves rather copious, on very short 
petioles, ovate, or somewhat carinate, coriaceous, very acute 
dentato-serrate, glossy, penninerved, deep green above, paler and 
yellower beneath. Racemes solitary from the axils of the leaves, 
but curved down to the underside of the branches, short, tour to 
six or more flowered. Calyx with the adherent tube turbinate, 



aiclst 1st, 1853. 



articulated upon the peduncle ; limb of five triangular segments, 
embracing the base of the corolla. Corolla campanulate, globose, 
waxy white, tipped with deep rose-colour ; limb of five recurved 
triangular segments. Stamens ten, shorter than the corolla. 
Filaments broad-subulate, hairy. Anthers oblong, two-celled, 
the cells attenuated above into long narrow tubes opening at the 
extremity. Style a little longer than the stamens, but included 
within the corolla. Stigma obtuse. — The fruit is said by Mr. 
Douglas to be black, and agreeable to the taste. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Calyx and pistil. 3. Stamen -.—magnified. 



4733. 




-. etlith. 



?.Reeve,imj>- 



Tab. 4733. 
DICHORISANDRA leucophthalmos. 

Wldte-eyed Dichorisandra. 



Nat. Ord. Commelyne*. — Hexandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Flores subregulares. Sepala 6, libera; exteriora calycina, navi- 
cularia, persistentia : supremum interdum crassius (Endl.) ; inieriora majora, pe- 
taloidea, subobovata, basi cuneato-angustata : anticum paulo minus. Stamina 6, 
interdum sextum sepalo exteriori impari respondens, imperfectum vel plane de- 
ficiens, basi sepalorum interiorum inserta, per duas phalanges disposita. Fila- 
menta breviuscula, imberbia. Anthem conformes, interdum magnitudme parum 
insequales, elongate, biloculares ; loculis angustis, parallelis, contiguis, apice poro 
communi hiantibus, juvenilibus bilocellatis. Ovarium sessile, triloculare ; ovulis 
4-5 in quolibet loculo, subbiseriatis. Stylus filiformis. Stigma subcapitellatum. 
Capsula (baccata, Nees, corolla baccante indusiata, Mik.) triloculare, tnvalvis ; 
valvis medio septiferis. Semina plura, angulata, arillo (testa) membranaceo sub- 
pulposo laxo separabili tecta {Void).— Herbse {Brasiliemes) subsimpltces v. ra- 
mosce,perennes, rarissime stiff rutescentes, scepe ? erectee, interdum scandentes. Folia 
indivisa. Vagina? Integra. Racemi terminates, solitarii, rarius versus basin cauhs 
lateraliter erumpentes, ramosi, bracteati ; ramis breviusculis, apicem versus pauci- 
rarius multifloris. Mores ccerulei, nonnulli abortu ovarii masculi. Kth. 



Diciiorisandka UucopJdhalmos ; foliis ellipticis acummatis utnnque glabrius- 
culis, scapis radicalibus vel subradicalibus aphylbs vaginalis pamculatim 
racemosis glaberrimis, bracteis e lata basi acuminatis sepala exteriora vix - 
superantibus, floribus hexandris. 



Native of Brazil, introduced to the stoves of the British 
Gardens by Messrs. Henderson, St. John's Wood, to whom we 
are indebted for our flowering plant. How near the present 
species is to the Dichorisandra radicalis, Nees and Martms may 
be seen by referring to the figure in the eleventh volume ot tne 
Nov. Act. Nat. Cur , tab. 1 A : that species however abundantly 
differs in the much smaller size, especially of the flowers, m the 
very villous stem and sheaths and peduncles, in the very ion 
subulate, hairy bracteas, much longer than the capitate flowers 
and the presence of only five stamens. With us it blossoms in 

AUGUST 1st, 1853. 



June, and the panicles lie prostrate on the ground ; the large co- 
rollas, blue and white, and the yellow anthers have a very striking 
effect. There is another species with radical inflorescence, D. 
rhizophora; but that has longer and more attenuated leaves, 
capitate flowers, and five stamens. 

Descr. Stems two or three together, erect, terete, jointed, a 
span or more high, nearly as thick as the little finger, glabrous, 
the lower portion clothed with two or three cylindrical, striated 
sheaths, ciliated at the mouth, above a little leafy; the upper 
portion concealed by the green sheathing bases of the leaves, 
which are three to five in number. Leaves four to six inches 
long, elliptic-lanceolate, sharply acuminated, moderately atten- 
uated below till they form the sheath; striated, patent, and 
often recurved. From a joint at the base of the stem, or near 
the base, the peduncle or scape emerges, and is prostrate, gla- 
brous, flexuous, panicled, here and there sheathed with brown 
scales. Mowers often three together, each on a branch of the 
peduncle, large. Bracteas from a broad base subulate, her- 
baceous. Outer sepals or calyx oblong, concave, spreading, be- 
tween herbaceous and scariose. Petals four times as large as 
the sepals broadly obovate, spreading, blue-purple, white in the 
lower half. Stamens six, nearly equal. Filaments short. An- 
thers bright yellow. Pistil as long as the stamens. Ovary sub- 
globose, three-lobed. Style curved. Stigma obtuse. 



Fig. 1. Calyx and stamens and pistil. 2. Pistil -.—magnified. 



4764. 




Fitda,adeti.tli. 



F "Rje.eve,imp 



Tab. 4734. 
BRASSAVOLA lineata. 

Line-leaved Brassavola. 



Nat. Ord. Orchide^e. — Gynandria Monandria. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4474.) 



Brassavola lineata; folio tereti elongato acuminato inferne attenuato antice 
sulcato, pedunculo radicali bifloro, floribus magnis pendeatibus, sepalis pe- 
talisque lineari-lanceolatis conformibus, labelli ungue elongato integro, la- 
mina ampla cordato-acuminata longitudinaliter plicato-striata. 



From the stove of Messrs. Jackson's nursery at Kingston ; it 
was purchased at one of the sales of Mr. Warsowitz's South 
American Orchideae in London, in 1852, and produced its large 
blossoms, here represented, in June, 1853. In the general 
shape and size of the flower, it approaches nearest perhaps to the 
Brassavola venosa, as represented at our Tab. 4021; but the 
great lamina of the lip is striated with longitudinal plicae, the 
leaves are long, terete, and, what is remarkable in our plant, and 
in which it differs from most of the species known to me, the two- 
flowered peduncle springs from the caudex, or, in fact, is radical, 
not terminal, as the genus is described to be, or from the apex 
of the short stem at the base of the leaf*. 

Descr. Epiphyte. From a short, creeping, jointed, terete 
caudex, there arise a few, short, cylindrical stems, clothed with a 
greyish sheath, and bearing each, jointed on to the apex, a long, 
almost terete, but grooved on one side, dark-green, fleshy, but 
rigid, curved leaf, tapering at the apex, and attenuated at the 
base : these leaves are pendent. From the same caudex also ap- 
pears a short, declined, two-flowering, terete peduncle, with large, 
nearly white, drooping flowers. Sepals and petals uniform, 
moderately spreading, between linear-lanceolate and subulate, 

* Since the above was written Dr. Lindley has referred me to Brassavola 
acaulis, Paxton's Flower Garden, vol. ii. p. 152, as allied to but different from 
this, in its short leaves, one-flowered peduncle, and short unguis. 

SEPTEMBER 1ST, 1853. 



three to three and a half inches long, of a pale yellowish-green 
colour, the sepals slightly tinged with red. Lip very large, 
white, the base convolute, and forming a tube enclosing and 
concealing the column ; the limb cordato-ovate, acuminated, ob- 
scurely crenate and waved at the margin, the disc faintly ob- 
liquely striated, more distinctly so longitudinally from the pre- 
sence of plicae. Column short, semiterete, terminated by three 
horns, which include the anther ; one dorsal, shorter, narrow, and 
bifid ; and two lateral ones subulate, and much longer than the 
anther. Pollen-masses as in the genus. 



Fig. 1. Column from which the lip has been removed. 2. Pollen-masses :- 
magnified. 



4785. 




■x Titli. 



FB-eev^iiap- 



Tab. 4735. 
GILIA (Leptosiphon) lutea. 

Yellow Gilia, or Leptosiphon. 



Nat. Ord. Polemoniace^e. — Pentandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx tubuloso- v. obconico-paniculatus, 5-fidus, laciniis acutis. 
Corolla infundibuliformis, nunc tubo longissimo fere hypocraterimorpha, nunc 
tubo brevissimo subrotata, limbo regulari. Stamina ad faucexn v. paulo infra 
sequaliter inserta, filamentis basi nudis v. piloso-appendiculatis. Discus cupukc- 
formis, rarius obscurus. Ovarium ovoideum. Ovula in loculis ssepius plurima 
(6-10), biseriata, interdum pauca, imo sobtaria, nunc numerosissima, 3-4-seriata. 
Styli lobi saepe papilloso-hispidi. Capsula oblonga v. obovoidea, obtusa. Semina 
ovoidea, angulata v. compressa, rarius angustissime alata. — Herbae annua v. per- 
ennes, glabra v. superne pubescentes v. lanata. Foba alterna v. opposita, snbulata 
v. linearia, Integra vel dissecta, nunc in sect. 1 ad 4 pinnatisecta segmentis inlegris 
dissectisve, nunc in sect. & ad 11 pahnatisecta segmentis integerrimis. Mores nunc 
capitati, bracteis suffulti v. ebracteati, nunc scepius dissiti, ebracteati. Corollas 
elegantes, lilacince, purpurascentes, albidce v. rarius fiavicantes. Bentli. 



Gilia (Leptosiphon) lutea ; caulibus filiformibus molliter patentim villosis de- 
bilibus, ramis oppositis gracilibus ilexuosis, foliis oppositis sessilibus pal- 
matim 5-7-lobis, lobis linearibus subspathulatisve carnosis ciliatis, brac- 
teis similibus sed majoribus lobis subulatis, calycis villoso-glandulosi lobis 
lanceolato-subulatis, corollae (luteae) tubo glanduloso longissimo filifornii. 

Gilia lutea. Steud. Nomencl. Benth. in Be Cand. Prodr. v. 9. p. 315. 

Leptosiphon luteus. Benth. in Bot. Reg. sub tab. 1622. 



We follow our very able countryman, Mr. Bentham, in uniting 
Leptosiphon with Gilia, from which it seems to differ in scarcely 
anything but the length and tenuity of the tube of the corolla. 
In our present species this is, indeed, of unusual length and 
slenderness, which, in conjunction with the colour of the corolla, 
a bright sulphur-yellow, with a dark almost orange-coloured eye, 
and the great quantity of flowers produced on the stems and 
branches, render this plant a highly ornamental annual, espe- 
cially if cultivated in masses, for bedding out, etc. ; and we can- 
not doubt it will become a great favourite as soon as it is more 
known. Mr. Douglas detected the plant in California ; but it is 

SEPTEMBER 1ST, 1853. 



only known in our gardens through Messrs. Veitch, who received 
seeds last year from Mr. William Lobb, and this year (1853) 
beautiful tufts of it attracted attention at the Chiswick Horticul- 
tural Show. 

Descr. A hardy annual, six to eight or ten inches high. 
Stems weak, filiform, purple-red, branched, clothed with soft, 
spreading hairs. Branches opposite, flexuose. Leaves opposite, 
chiefly at the setting on of the branches, spreading, sessile, pal- 
mately and deeply five- to seven-cleft, the segments narrow, 
fleshy, ciliated, linear or spathulate. Flowers all terminal, capi- 
tate, erect, bracteated ; bracteas opposite, resembling the leaves 
in shape, but larger, and with longer and subulate lobes. Calyx 
glanduloso-hirsute ; lobes erect, lanceolate, subulate. Corolla 
yellow, with the tube an inch and a half to nearly two inches 
long, very slender, filiform, slightly curved. Limb of five spread- 
ing oval lobes, orange-coloured at the mouth. Stamens exserted, 
orange. Ovary oval. Style a little longer than the tube. 
Stigmas three, large, linear. 



Fig. 1. Calyx. 2. Stamen. 3. Pistil. 4. Section of an ovary:— magnified. 



4 736. 




F."R£*ve,imp- 



Tab. 4736. 

9 

PANDANUS pygm^us. 

Dwarf Screw-Pine. 



Nat. Ord. Pandane^e. — Dicecia Polyandria. 

Gen. Cliar. Flores dioici. Masc. Spadix corapositus, thyrsoideus. Stamina 
plurima, conferta ; filamenta filiformia. Antheree biloculares. F<em. Spadix sim- 
plex. Ovaria plurima, dense conferta, libera vel in phalanges connata, 1-ovu- 
lata ; ovarium e basi placentae parietalis adscendens, anatropum. Stigmata sessi- 
lia, distincta. Brupce fibrosa?, (ssepius, Br.) in phalanges connatse, monospermse ; 
putamine osseo. Semen e basi placentae parietalis erectum ; testa membranacea, 
in pluribus raphidophora (Bennett); raphi filiformi, obsoleta. Embryo in basi 
albuminis dense carnosi minimus, orthotropus ; radicula hilum attingens, infera.— 
Caudex arborescens, strictus, sape stolonifer. Polia phyllodinea, trifariam imbri- 
cata, elongato-lineari-lanceolata, amplexicardia, margine scepius spinosa. Spatha- 
confertce, seepe coloratae, ex axilla spadicis excrescentes. Kth. (ex Endl.) 



Pandanus pygmaeus; patenti-ramosissimus, undique radicans, foliis subpeda- 
libus e lata basi amplexicauli lineari-subidatis acuminatissimis carinatis, 
marginibus carinaque albo-serrato-spinulosis, capitubs fcemineis ellipticis 
racemosis erectis, nucibus (imraaturis) obovato-cuneatis monospermis. 

Pandanus pygmaaus. Thouars, in JDesv. Journ. de Bol. v. 1. p. 45. Kunth, 
Enum. Plant, v. 3. p. 99. 



Our name and our reference to the plant of M. Aubert du 
Petit Thouars must be received with some degree of caution. 
" The trees which constitute the genus Pandanus, Vaquois or 
Baquois of the French," observes M. du Thouars, " are amongst 
the most singular of those that grow in countries situated within 
the tropics ; on which account they have been remarked by all 
travellers in those countries. Rheede and Rumphius have de- 
scribed many of the species, but without any details of their fruc- 
tification ; and it is on this account that Linnaeus had omitted 
them in his ' Systema.' But having been observed by Forskal, 
Bankes, Forster, and Commerson, the younger Linnseus adopted 
the genus {Pandanus) in the ' Supplementum ' which he has 
given of his father's work, indicating however only one species." 
M. Lamarck (Dictionnaire Encyclopedique) described four species. 

SEPTEMBER 1ST, 1853. 



Willdenow reduced that number to three, to which he added 
one of Loureiro. M. Persoon (Synopsis) to the four of M. La- 
marck adds a fifth of M. de Beauvois (Flore d'Oware}. 

During M. du Thouars' excursions in the Mauritius, Bourbon, 
and Madagascar, he discovered " sixteen distinct species, which 
he was unable to refer to any described by authors, and of 
which, in the Journal above quoted, he has given specific cha- 
racters, and some notice of their habits." So brief however are 
those notes altogether, that they rather serve to perplex than to 
enlighten ; and the only specific phrase of the species we take to 
be ours is, " capitulis racemosis erectis, nucibus monospermis 
apice pyramidatis." Our plant was received some twenty years 
ago, through Mr. Newman, of the Botanic Garden, Mauritius, 
and was stated to have come from Madagascar. It flourishes in 
stove-heat, and flowered for the first time (female flowers onlv) 
in 1852-3. 

Descr. This is with us a low spreading shrub, in the centre 
not two feet high, but from the base sending out numerous ho- 
rizontal, rooting, annulated (from the scars of old leaves) branches 
in all directions; the roots are often nearly as thick as the 
branches, terete, here and there tuberculated, simple or forked, 
many of them aerial, others descending and burying themselves 
in the soil among moist moss. Leaves confined to the extremities 
of the branches, about a foot long, spirally arranged in threes, 
from an amplexicaul broad base, linear-subulate, much acumi- 
nated, minutely striated, carinated, the margins and keel fringed 
with white spinulose serratures. Peduncle short, terminal, buried 
among the upper leaves, erect, bearing a bracteated raceme or 
spike of from four to six sessile, elliptical heads (spadices) of 
closely compacted and conjoined pistils, inversely pyramidate, 
somewhat six-angled, one-ovuled : the apex and short style only 
oi the ovary free, terminated by a two-lobed stigma. Bracteas 
or spathas large, ovato-rotundate, concave, membranaceous, 
sheathing, pale green, larger than the spadix, the lower ones 
acute, the upper ones terminated by a subulate, sharp, serrated 
point, resembling the apex of a leaf. 



• Flg „ L c Sp ^ ix or head of f emale flowers, with its bract or spatha :— natural 
call' • 2 /JV Ut throu S h tran 3versely. 3. Two pistils cut through verti- 



M5f. 




Tab. 4737. 
RHYNCHOSPERMUM jasminoides. 

Jasmine-jlowered Rhynchospermum. 



Nat. Ord. Apocyne^e. — Pentandbia Monogynia. 



Gen. Char. Calyx profunde 5-fidus vel sub-5-partitus; tubo campanulato 
basi interne multiglanduloso, glandulis truncatis; lobis oblongis, aestivatione 
valvari? Corolla 5 -fi da ; tubo cylindraceo, exappendiculato ; lobis oblique obova- 
tis, aestivatione sinistrorsum convolutis et apice inflexis. Stamina 5 ; filamentis 
cum basi corollse manifeste adnatis ; antheris bastatis, medio stigmati adhaerenti- 
bus, lobis inferioribus polline destitutis. Nectarium cupuliforme, 5-fidum, lobis 
obtusis. Ovaria 2, nectario longiora. Stylus 1. Stigma oblongum. Folliculi 
elongati, compressi, angusti. Semina plurima, inferne obovata, compressa, superne 
in collum gracile angustata, in comam sericeam desinentia. Albumen 0. Em- 
bryo rectus ; radicula supera, usque ad originem colli extensa ; cotyledonibus 
oblongis, radicula triplo longioribus, facie adpressis. — Frutices scandentes Asiatici, 
foliis oppositis, nervulis reticulatis, integris ; cymis terminalibus et axillaribus, mul~ 
tifloris. Alpli. Be Cand. 



E.HYNCHOSPEEMUM jasminoides ; foliis (parvis) ovato-lanceolatis acutis, corj-m- 
bis terminalibus axillaribusque folio pluries longioribus, calycis laciniis lan- 
ceolatis ciliatis reflexis, corollae (albse) laciniis obovatis marginibus reflexii 
uudulatis, glandulis bypogynis distinctis. 

Rhynchospermum jasminoides. Lindl. in Journ. Hort. Soc. of Lond. v. I. p. 74. 
cum Ic. xylogr. 



A pretty, white-flowered (consequently making no show on 
paper), evergreen shrub, flowering when young, and even before 
the scan dent character appears, with blossoms somewhat resembling 
the common Jasmine, and the scent is equally deliciously fragrant 
with that favourite flower. It is a native of Shanghai, where it 
was collected by Mr. Fortune, and introduced by him to the 
stoves of this country. It differs a good deal in habit from the 
East Indian Rhynchospermum Wallichii, De Cand. (Echites rhyn- 
chosperma, Wall.), which has large leaves and large pink flowers : 
and Dr. Lindley observes that in habit it is more like an Aganoma, 
but its corolla has not the tapering lobes of that genus, nor does 
the nectary or stigma correspond with it. 

SEPTEMBER 1ST, 1853. 



Descr. Our plant is about three feet high, erect, but with 
an inclination to be a climber ; branches glabrous, or nearly so. 
Leaves opposite, on very short petioles, ovato-lanceolate, acute, 
evergreen, the younger ones pale yellow-green, all glabrous. Pe- 
duncles solitary, axillary or terminal, much longer than the leaves, 
bearing a cyme of several, white, very fragrant flowers. Calyx 
divided almost to the base into five, reflexed, lanceolate, ciliated 
segments ; within the calyx are several jagged scales at the base 
of the corolla. Corolla white : the tube contracted below the 
middle (hairy within at the mouth) ; limb of five, oblique, obovato- 
spathulate, spreading, waved lobes, their margins reflexed. An- 
thers 5, subulato-sagittate, sessile, collected into a cone which 
unites itself with the stigma. At the base of the ovary are five 
large glands, two united and three free. 



Fig. 1. Calyx and pistil. 2. Receptacle with the tube of the corolla cut 
through vertically, so as to show the hypogynous glands ; the pistil and anthers, 
etc. 3. Ovarium and glands. 4. Stamen: — magnified. 




FH-e-e- 



Tab. 4738. 
PHILESIA BUXIFOLIA. 

Box-leaved Philesia. 



Nat. Ord. Smilace^:. — Hexandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Flores hermapbroditi. Calyx tripbyllus, basi bracteatus, foliolis 
oblongis membranaceo-scariosis erectis. Petala 3, calyce 4-plo longiora majora- 
que, obovato-oblonga, mucronulata, campanulato-conniventia, ima basi in tubum 
connata intus glandula seu tubercula nectarifera, cereacea, siccitate venosa, subtus 
glauca. Stamina 6, longitudine fere petalorum. Filamenta inferne monadelplia et 
ima basi petalorum conjuncta. Anthem erectse, oblongse, subsagittatse, basifixse. 
Ovarium ovale, trigonurn, liberum, uniloculare, placentis tnbus parietabbus. Uvula 
plurima. Stylus stamina paululum superans. Stigma dilatatum, margine renexo 
subtrilobo. Bacca ovali-globosa, (ut videtur) pulposa, polysperma mucronata.— 
Suffrutex Ma^eUanicus, erectus, ramosus, ramis altemis squamoso-bracteatis apiee 
prcecipue foliosis. Folia alterna, linear i-elliptica, coriacea, mucronata, pennivenia, 
subtus glauca, margine reflexa ; in petiolis brevibus articulatu. Flores speaosi nu- 
tantes, in ramos terminates solitarii, brevmime pedunculah, pedunculis bracteatis. 



Philesia buxifolia. 

Philesia buxifolia. Lam. III. L 248. Encycl. v. 5. p. 269. Kunth,Emm Plant 

v. 5. p. 285. Lindl. Veg. Kingd. ed. 2. p. 217 am Ic. flons. Hook. fit. 

Fl.AntarcUv. 2. p. 35. 



Discovered in the Straits of Magelhaens by Commerson, and de- 
tected by Banks and Solander in Good Success Bay : since tound 
to extend along the west coast of Antarctic America to Uiiloe 
and Valdivia by various navigators and naturalists, irom most ot 
whom we possess specimens. In Valdivia Mr. Bridges says it 
is called " Pepino," and is found at the summit of the Cordillera 
there, in marshy places under Alerse trees. It was long a great 
desideratum to our gardens, till at length Messrs Veitcho 
Exeter (and now, happily for all lovers of rare and beautrful 
plants, also of the King's Road Nursery, Chelsea,-late Messrs. 
Knight and Perry), introduced it through their co lector _Mr. 
William Lobb, and gratified the numerous visitors ot the i Uiis- 
wick Hower-show, on the 12th June, 1853, by the exhibition of 

SEPTEMBER 1ST, 1853. 



flowering specimens. Some authors have expressed doubts if 
the genus Philesia be truly distinct from its near ally, Lapa- 
geria (see our Tab. 447) ; but however closely may be the resem- 
blance in the petals, the truly calycine character of the short 
outer perianth, the erect stem and very different foliage (much 
resembling Luzuriaga), and the monadelphous stamens, will surely 
keep them distinct. The species proves quite hardy with Mr. 
Veitch at Exeter : it remains to be ascertained if it will prove so 
about London. 

Descr. An erect, much branching, fruticose or suffruticose 
plant, three to four feet high in its native country. We have 
flowering specimens before us varying from four inches to a foot 
and a half, much branched; branches alternate, principal ones 
as well as the stem naked below, terete, and scaly with brown 
lanceolate scales at the joint ; branchlets angular, green, here and 
there scaly. Leaves alternate, varying on different plants from 
an inch to an inch and a half long, petioled, linear-oblong, coria- 
ceous, evergreen, penninerved, glabrous, mucronate, glaucous 
beneath, the margins reflexed. Petiole articulated at the setting 
on of the leaf, and the leaf is often deciduous there, leaving the 
persistent short petiole. Peduncles exceedingly short, terminal 
on the branches, bracteated at the base of the flower. Flower 
solitary, drooping, large. Calyx nearly three-quarters of an inch 
long, of three, oblong, rather obtuse, inbricating, appressed sepals, 
concave, scariose. Corolla two or two and a quarter inches long, 
erecto-campanulate, petals obovato-oblong, mucronulate, bright 
rose-red, somewhat waxy, equal, concave, when dry veiny, the base 
united ; each having within a hard oblong depressed gland or nec- 
tary. Stamens springing from the base of the petals. Filaments 
united into a tube below the middle, then free, erect, equal, a little 
shorter than the petals. Anthers erect, subsagittate. Ovary 
small, oval-trigonal, one-celled, with three short parietal placenta, 
which bear several ovules. Style a little longer than the stamens, 
rather thick. Stigma depresso-capitate, the recurved margin ob- 
soletely three -lobed. Fruit an oval-subglobose, mucronated berry, 
rough on the surface from the many seeds within. 



Fig. 1. Leaves. 2. Stamens springing from the base of the corolla, and 
pistil 3. Base of a petal, showing the nectary. 4. Pistil. 5. Transverse sec- 
tion of ovary (all more or less magnified). 6. Berry -.—magnified. 



4759. 




re, imp- 



Tab. 4739. 
IMPATIENS Jerdoni^. 

Mrs. Jerdons Balsam. 



Nat. Ord. Balsamine^e. — Pentandeia Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Fide supra, Tab. 4615.) 



Impatiens JerdonieE ; epiphyta, caulibus aggregates simplicibus brevibus crasso- 
carnosis purpureis hie illic radicantibus, foliis sul terminalibus ovatis acutis 
serratis, petiolis folio triplo brevioribus ad apicem glandulosis, pedunculis 
axillaribus 2-4-floris, pedicellis pedunculo longioribus (rubris), sepalis la- 
terabbus lanceolatis anteriore amplo saccato compresso apice calcare brevi 
obtuso sursum curvato. 

Impatiens Jerdoniae. Wight, Ic. Plant. Ind. Or. v. 4. t. 1602. 



Rooting, and we might almost call them tuberous, stems of this 
curious Balsam, were sent from the Neilgherries, by Mr. M'lvor, 
to the Royal Gardens of Kew, in 1852, and the no less singular 
blossoms were produced in the greenhouse in June of the follow- 
ing year. It proves to be the I. Jerdomts of Dr. Wight, though 
his figure represents the spur much longer, and the stem much 
slenderer, than in our specimens. A more accurate represen- 
tation of this plant, drawn on its native hills by Mrs. Norton 
(the accomplished lady of the recently retired Judge-Advocate of 
Madras), corresponds in every respect with the plant before us. 
The large and strikingly-formed flowers have a mixture of green, 
red, and yellow in them. The anterior petal, or nectary of Lin- 
naeus, is wholly red, and so remarkable in shape, that Dr. Wight 
suggests that this, and its ally, /. Walkeri (see Companion to 
the Bot. Mag. vol. i. pp. 321, tab. 18), might constitute a na- 
tural section of the genus : all of it is a sack, or, as Dr. Wight 
observes, there is no limb; in other words, the^pur absorbs 
the whole of the limb in its formation. Dr. Wight's figure re- 
presents the apex of the nectary much longer than it is in our 
plant. 

SEPTEMBER 1ST, 1853. 



Descr. Stems in shape not unlike those of Cacalia articulata, 
aggregated, erect or declined, three or four inches to almost a 
span long, fleshy, here and there constricted (pseudo-articulate), 
dark purple, scarred where leaves have fallen, and at intervals 
throwing out fibrous radicles. Leaves not numerous, confined to 
the upper part of the gouty stem, where they are alternate, petio- 
late, ovate, acute, serrated, spreading ; the petiole with two to 
four pedicellated purple glands, where the blade is inserted. Pe- 
duncles axillary from the uppermost leaves, short, green, bearing 
each three to four pedicels, which are red, slender, much longer 
than the peduncle, and single-flowered. Sepals green; lateral 
ones large, bifid, yellow ; anterior petal very large, a curved, 
compressed, red sack, the extremity forming a short spur, curved 
upwards. Stamens and pistil included within the petals. 



Fig. 1. Flower from which the anterior saccate sepal (or nectary) is removed. 
2. Lateral petal. 3. Anterior sepal or nectary: — magnified. 



4740. 




Titdi.d. 



- *r 



Tab. 4740. 
abies bracteata. 

Bracteated Silver-Fir. 



Nat. Ord. Conifers. — Moncecia Monadelphia. 

Gen. CJtar. Mores monoici, masculi et foeminei amentacei. Masc. Amenta 
axillaria, versus apicem ramorum aggregata, subsessilia, simplicia, e staminibus 
nudis numerosis. Antherce biloculares, apice cristatae, rima transversa dehis- 
centes. Pollen trilobum. F(EM. Amenta oblonga, per ramos sparsa, rarius 
terminalia, subsessilia, e squamis bractealibus et ovariis lsevibus basi biovulatis 
composita. Fructus : Strobilus oblongus, e carpellis imbricatis, basi, ubi se- 
mina fovent, planis (non excavatis) maturitate ab axi solutis et deciduis for- 
matus. Semina alae basi supra et subtus inflexura marginis laxe cinguntur et 
cum persistente decidunt. Testa coriacea. Embryo polycotyledoneus, in albu- 
mine carnoso-oleoso centralis; radicula infera. — Arbores excelsa, in iisdem uti 
congeneres zonis montosis utriusque hemispJwerifZ vitam degentes et foliis solitariis 
sempervirentibus plerumque distichis insignes. Nees. 



Abies bracteata ; foliis subdistichis linearibus planis mucronatis subtus argen- 
teis, strobili ovati erecti bracteis exsertis cuneato-linearibus bilobis, lobis 
erosis, nervo in cuspidem liuearem squama multoties longiorem producto, 
squamis e basi cuneata reniformi-orbicularibus. 

Pinus bracteata. Don in Linn. Trans, v. 17. p. 443. Lambert Pin. ILL t. 91. 

Abies bracteata. Hook, et Am. Bot. of Beech. Voy.p. 394. 



The present is among the most remarkable of all the true 
Pines, particularly in the nature of its cones, and has long been 
a desideratum to our Pineta. The Messrs. Veitch, of Exeter, and 
King's-road, Chelsea, have a plentiful supply of young plants, 
and we are indebted to them for the opportunity of giving the 
accompanying figure, they kindly furnishing well-prepared native 
specimens with a perfect cone ; all other well-ripened cones have 
fallen to pieces almost before reaching England. It is a Cali- 
fornian species. Dr. Coulter first discovered it in the Andes of 
St. Lucia, a mountainous range, running parallel with the coast. 
Douglas met with it at 6000 feet of elevation on the Californian 
mountains, in latitude 36° north. These botanists both failed to 

OCTOBER 1st, 1853. 



bring home perfect seeds • it was left for Mr. William Lobb, 
Messrs. Veitch's indefatigable American collector, to succeed in 
this ; and numerous living plants, and the noble specimen here 
figured, are part of the results of his mission. 

Mr. Lobb must speak for himself respecting all perhaps that 
is known of this noble tree on its native mountains. " This beau- 
tiful and singular tree forms here" (he writes from the Californian 
forests) " the most conspicuous ornament of the arborescent vege- 
tation. On the western slopes, towards the sea, it occupies the 
deep ravines, and attains the height of 120 to 150 feet, and from 
one to two feet in diameter : the trunk is, as straight as an arrow; 
the lower branches decumbent ; the branches above are numerous, 
short, and thickly set, forming a long tapering pyramid or spire, 
which gives to the tree that peculiar appearance, which is not 
seen in any other kinds of the Pinus tribe. When standing far 
apart, and clear from the surrounding trees, the lower branches 
frequently reach the ground, and not a portion of the trunk is 
seen from the base to the top. 

"Along the summit of the central ridges and about the highest 
peaks, in the most exposed and coldest places imaginable, where 
no other Pine makes its appearance, it stands the severity of the 
climate without the slightest perceptible injury, growing in slaty 
rubbish, which to all appearance is incapable of supporting vege- 
tation. In such situations it becomes stunted and bushy ; but 
even there the foliage maintains the same beautiful dark-green 
colour, and when seen at a distance it appears more like a hand- 
somely-grown Cedar than a Pine. No doubt it is one of the 
hardiest trees of the Californian vegetation, and is equally well 
adapted for clothing the mountain-tops as the sheltered valley. 

" The cones, too, are quite as singular as the growth of the 
tree is beautiful ; when fully developed, the scales, as well as the 
long leaf-like bracts, are covered with globules of thin transparent 
resin, presenting to the eye a curious and striking object. Douglas 
was mistaken in saying that this Pir does not occur below 6000 
feet of elevation; on the contrary, it is found as low as 3000 
feet, where it meets Taxodium setnpervirens* ." — Perhaps the in- 
troduction of no Com/era, not even that of the Deodar, has ex- 
cited a more lively interest in horticulture and arboriculture 
than that of the present species, with its porcupine-like fruits. 

Descr. The general habit of the full-grown tree has been al- 
ready noticed. Branches spreading or decumbent. Leaves _ in- 
serted indeed on all sides, but more or less spreading in a disti- 
chous manner, about two inches long, rigid, linear, acute, sessile, 
often curved, dark green and with a depressed line above, white 
and silvery beneath : young leaf-buds are ovate, and clothed with 

* Extracted from c Gardeners' Chronicle,' July 9, 1853, p. 435. 



imbricated scales. Cones solitary, on a very short, lateral branch, 
but rising erect ; our specimen is more than three inches long, 
exclusive of the spines, four and a half inches to the tip of the 
uppermost spines, broad, ovate, formed of copious, imbricated, 
somewhat unguiculate, entire, obtuse scales, having an obcordate 
appendage or bractea on the back, from the apex or sinus of 
which a long, rigid, linear, subulate, leaf-like (but narrower than 
the leaf) spine arises, slightly curved inwards, two inches long, 
including the base. Within the scale, and lying pressed against 
the inside of it, are two somewhat oval seeds, each with a broad, 
cuneate, and somewhat oblique wing. 



Fig. 1. Outside of a scale, with its appendage and spine. 2. Inside of ditto, 
showing the seeds. 3. A seed: — not. size. 



4741. 




^■l-et.lxtk 






Tab. 4741. 
bravoa geminiflora. 

Twin-flowered Bravoa. 



Nat. Ol'd. AMARYLLIDACEiE.— Hexandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Cliar. Perigonium superum, corollaceum, e tubo tenui curvato subinfun- 
dibuliformi-tubulosum, limbo sexpartiturn, subregulare, persistans : lacimis ab- 
breviato-ovatis, sepalinis vix latioribus. Stamina 6, supra basin perigonii di- 
versa altitudine libera, inclusa vel vix exserta. Filamenta filiformia. Anthera 
lineares, acuto-subapicatee, basi emarginatse, dorso medio affixse, mobiles, interne 
secundum longitudinem dehiscentes. Ovarium inferum, oblongum, tnquetrum, 
triloculare; ovula in loculis complura, biseriata, horizontal, anatropa Columna 
stylina filiformis, vix exserta. Stigma abbreviatum, triquetro-infundibuliiorme, 
subtrilobum, fimbriato-viUosulum. Capsula ovato-oblonga, trisulcata, pergameno- 
coriacea, trilocularis, superne locubcido-trivalvis. Semina crebra, compressa, 
horizontalia : testa membranacea, albumini adherens, nigra, mtida.— liadix suo- 
fasciculato-tuberosa, apice bulbifera. Bulbi a centro cauligen, ovati, tunicati. 
Folia radicalia nonnulla, e basi vaginante linearia, carmata ; caulma sparsa re- 
mota, gradatim breviora, superiora bracteeeformia. Cauhs erectus, simplex, teres, 
apice remote racemoso-pluriflorus. Flores pedunculati, gemini, secimdi, cernui, 
extus punicei, intus lutescentes ; pedunculis cum pre laud articulatis, gemmu, 
bractea commmi majore, singulis bracteola minore stipatis. Kth. 



Bravoa geminiflora. La Have et Lex. Descr. 1. p. 6. Herb. Amaryll. t. 12. 

/. 5, 6. (nee 8, 9.) 
C(Etocapnia geminiflora. Link et Otto, PI. Bar. Berol.p. 35. t. 18. 



A native, according to La Llave and Lexarca, of the moun- 
tains of VaUadolid and Miciciacan, in Mexico; ? n A d /\ uas M ? e * n 
sent to Sir Charles Leman from the Real del Monte Mines 
whence the roots of our plants were sent by Mr. tapper, u is 
easily cultivated in a warm greenhouse, and is an infinitely ^ more 
beautiful plant than Messrs. Link and Otto's figure above j quoted, 
represents it to be. The flowers, usually geminate m the upper 
part of the raceme, are graceful, always drooping, and richly 
coloured. With us it blossoms in July. *™wt«l 

Descu. Boot a somewhat elongated descending tuber, tunicated 



OCTOBER 1st, 1853. 



in our wild specimens, sending down several large, thick, fleshy 
radicles. Leaves mainly from the root, from a broad, sheathing 
base, linear-subulate, carinate, spreading, outer ones the longest. 
Stem (or leafy scape) about a foot high, bearing distant, small, 
lanceolate, erect and appressed leaves, gradually becoming bracteas, 
among the flowers. Raceme terminal ; bracteas three at the base 
of each flower or pair of flowers, one longer than the pedicel, the 
other shorter. Pedicels single-flowered, solitary below, geminate 
in the upper part of the inflorescence. Flowers rich orange-red, 
quite drooping. Perianth about an inch and a quarter long, 
much curved downwards, between tubular and infundibuliform, 
a little swelling at the base, where it is adherent with the ovary, 
the limb very short, spreading, of six rounded, acute lobes. Sta- 
mens six, included, inserted near the base of the perianth. Anthers 
linear. Ovary oval. Style longer than the perianth, a good 
deal protruded. Stigma three-lobed. 



Fig. 1. Mower laid open. 2. Transverse section of an ovary: — magnified. 



474%. 




F.fUeve.xmp 



Tab. 4742. 
ERYTHROCHITON Brasiliense. 

Brazilian Erythrochiton. 



Nat. Ord. ButacEjE. — Pentandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx magnus, coloratus, tubulosus, tubo compresso, quinquecos- 
tato, limbi bilabiati lohis sequalibus, integris vel superiore trifido. Corolla hypo- 
gyna, gamopetala, subhypocraterimorpha, tubo calycem sequante, limbi quinque- 
partiti laciniis sequalibus, patentibus. Stamina 5, omnia fertilia, tubo corollae 
breviora et eidem adglutinata, limbi lobis alterna ; filamenta complanata, subu- 
lato-triangularia, basi in tubum brevissimum coalita ; anthem introrsse, bilocu- 
lares, lanceolatse, erectse, muticse, longitudinaliter dehiscentes. Ovaria 5, disco 
urceolato glanduloso cincta et superata, unilocularia. Ovula gemina, suturae 
ventrali superpositaj inserta, superius adscendens, inferius pendulum. CapsuU 
pentacocca, cocci* bivalvibus, endocarpio cartilagineo, soluto, elastice bilobo, basi 
membranacea cum seminibus secedente, dispermo vel abortu monospermo. Se- 
mina reniformia, sinu umbilicata, testa coriacea tuberculato-muricata.— Arbus- 
cula Brasiliensis ; foliis alternis, simplieibus, peiiolatis, lanceohtis, longimmh, in- 
tegerrimis, glabris ; ramulis axillaribus, subaphyllis, floriferis peduncuhs longmi- 
mos mentientibus ,■ floribus in axilla folii bracteaformis duobus vel pluribus fascicu- 
latis, breviter pedunculatis ; pedunculo basi articulato, bibracteolato ; calycibus 
rubris ; coroUi8 albis. Endl. 



Eeythkochiton Brasiliense. 

Erythbochiton Brasiliense. Nees et Mart, in Nov. Act. Acad. Cas. Nat. Cur. 
v. 11. p. 150 et 166. t. 18c et 23. Lindl. Bot. Reg. 1843, t. 47. 



A Brazilian Erythrochiton, with a Palm-like habit ; the stem 
being erect and naked, in its native country said to be ten feet 
high, unbranched, and bearing a tuft of very long leathery leaves 
at the extremity, together with the long peduncles, which End- 
licher and others consider axillary, aphyllous, flonferous branches. 
The flowers are large and particularly handsome, the calyx being 
red, the corolla white. It is a great ornament to our stoves, and 
blossoms frequently and almost throughout the whole year. 

Descr. Our plant is about three feet high, including the 
ample terminal foliage, unbranched. Leaves large, two feet and 
more long, broadly lanceolate, subcoriaceous, entire, dark glossy 
green, tapering below into a terete petiole, with a swollen joint 



OCTOBER 1st, 1853. 



two inches from the base. Peduncles often two or three from the 
same plant, a foot and a half or more long, axillary, solitary, 
angled, thick, erect, bearing from eight to ten flowers opening 
in succession. Pedicels short, thick. Calyx large, somewhat 
inflated, red, an inch and a half and more long, two-lipped, one 
lip often again divided : lips entire. Corolla large, white, fleshy, 
salver-shaped : tube scarcely longer than the calyx : limb of five 
spreading, obovate segments. Stamens exserted, attached to the 
mouth of the corolla. Ovary five-lobed, surrounded by a deep 
fleshy cup : lobes two-seeded. Style as long as the tube of the 
corolla. Stigma a depressed, obscurely five-lobed head. Young 
fruit consists of five, ovate, somewhat triangular, acute nucules. 



Fig. 1. Stamen. 2. Pistil and hypogynous cup. 3. Cup cut through ver- 
tically. 4. Ovary cut through transversely : — magnified. 



4745. 




\ 



\ t 





F Rcere,imp- 



Tab. 4743. 

SCHEERIA Mexicana, Seem. 

Mexican Scheeria. 



Nat. Ord. Gesneriace,e.— Didynamia Angiospermia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx tubo cum ovario connate, limbo 5-partito squab. Corolla 
perieyna, infundibuliformis, tubo supra ad basin gibbo, fame ampliata, Imbo 5- 
Jartito. Stamina corolUe tubo inserta, 4, didynama, mclusa, cum rudimento 
quinti; anthem biloculares, sub authesin cohaerentes. Ovarium h^x calyci 
cobserens, disco annulari cinctum, unilocular^ pluriovulatum. Stylm simplex ; 
stigma infuudibuliforme. Capsula unilocularis, bivalvis, valvis medio P lacentlte " s - 
— Herba Mexicana, stolonibus perennuntibus squamom, caule erecto /olus calyct- 
busque hirsute, foliis opposite petiolate ovatis acuminate serrate, flori ^ s ™ n ; 
bussolitariis, coroUis ampte, extus pubescenti-hirsute, tntus puberute, purpura* vei 
carulescentibus. Seem, in Bot. Herald, ined. 



Scheeria Mexicana. Seem. I. c. 

Achimenes Scheerii. Eort. Germ. Variat:— 

«. purpurea, Seem. I. c. ; caule nervisque foliorum plus minusve purpurascenti- 

bus ; floribus purpureis. Tab. nostr. 4743. 
/3. ccerukscens Seem, I.e.; caule foliisquc viridibus, floribus csrulescentdms. 



The roots of both varieties here enumerated were presented I to 
the Royal Botanie Gardens at Kew by Frederick Schm Esq 
who received them in 1850, through J Potto, ^' ^^ 
huahua, one of the northern states of Mexico^ ^J^J™ 
flower with us towards the autumn of 1852, ™ »^ h ^ 
attracted considerable attention at that time, we wer not aware 
until now that these plants were really so f^^uto^, 
and that they could be so much improved by cultivation especially 
as Mr. Potts in his original memorandum ^ j^^ 
« little bell-shaped flowers." Having now ^^^^ 
before us, we have no hesitation in predicting ha Scheena Me, 
icana will become a universal favourite, and that in a few years 
it will be found in every garden. FWwferiii 

The genus Scheeria is named in compbment to Bredenck 
Scheer, Esq., to whom our gardens are indebted for the intro 

OCTOBER 1st, 1853. 



duction of several other ornamental plants, and to whose successful 
study of Cadacece science owes many interesting additions. The 
genus is closely allied to Gloxinia (§ Salisia, JlegeV) and Achi- 
menes ; from the former, considering as its type the Gloxinia 
maculata, L'Herit. (Martynia perennis, Linn), upon which the 
genus was founded. It differs in having the spur {gibbd) on the 
upper side of the corolla more developed and no inflation on the 
under side ; while from the latter (Ackim'enes) it is easily dis- 
tinguished by its truly infundibuliform, not bilobed, stigma. In 
habit it resembles the genus Locheria, Reg., which includes the 
Achimenes Mrsuta, A. pedunculata, and A. multiflora of botanists. 
Seem. 



Fig. 1. Stamens and base of the corolla. 2. Pistil : — magnified. 



4744. 










Tab. 4744. 
BERBERIS concinna, Eooh.fil. 

Neat Berberry. 



Nat. Ord. BerberidacejE.— Hbxakdria Monogynia. 
Gen. Cliar. {Vide supra Tab. 4308.) 



Bebbebis concinna; fruticulus demissus, caespitosus, ramosissimus, spmis > gra- 
cilis tripartita, foliis parvis obovatis aristatis grosse spmuloso-dentatis 
coriaceis margine incrassatis superne late vmdibus subtus ^^^ 
dicellis solitariis (rarius binis) unifloris (ranus biflons), ^pabs extc no nbus 
interioribus diroidio minoribus, baccis magma oblongis, stigmate sessili, 
seminibus 5-8. J.D.H. 



A very beautiful and distinct little species all led to the A 
SiiiricaS&o a singlcflowered plant, but readdy d'stuiguished 
by the long tripartite spines, slender pedicels, and Raucous 
leaves ; thelatter, however constant a character n, .both ^oui wdd 
and cultivated specimens, is not a constan one in »*« S P<*«* 
of the genus, and hence may prove variable m this ™e s ee*s 
were gathered from small bushes growing ^ in I he Lack ar vatley 
of the Sikkim-Himalaya, at an elevation of 12,000 to 13 000 fee 
it there formed a small low bush, °^ to thieefert NMjth 
spreading almost prostrate branches thickly; covered ^h *maU 
leaves of a deep-green hue, and polished above, «»W™?? 
glaucous below; these colours, the large obi <»g «arW te nes 
Li red branchlets giving ^^f^^ffl 

S^12.%%JWS&* ~ d flounsh 

luxuriantly in an open border. r.,,™,™^ rnvpred 

with red or grey bark. Spines slender, *^J&T£i 
Leaves an inch long and less, obovate, rounded at Mtatip i ana 
aristate, surrounded°by spiunlosc teeth, margi. ' t" upper 
surface bright glossy-green, under glaucous: petiole ^ery , 



OCTOBER 1st, 1853. 



articulate with the lamina. Pedicels longer than the leaves, 
slender, solitary (rarely two together), one- (rarely two-) flowered. 
Mower yellow, pendent, globose, deep-yellow ; outer sepals larger 
than usual in the genus, more than half as long as the inner. 
Berries red, on dried specimens oblong, fleshy, very large, half 
to two-thirds of an inch long, with several (five to eight) small 
seeds. 



Fig. 1 and 2. Flowers. 3. Petal and stamen. 4. Ovary. 5. Berry: — all 
hut fig. 5 magnified. 



J 7 45. 




Tab. 4745. 

ILEMANTHUS insignis. 

Showy Hesmant/ius. 



Nat. Ord. Amaryllidace^e. — Hexandria Monogynia. 



Gen. Char. Perigonium superum, corollaceum, limbo 6-partito, regulari, de- 
ciduo; tubo recto; laciniis angustis, 1-3-nerviis, sequalibus, erectis vel stel- 
lato-patentibus. Stamina 6, surarao tubo inserta, erecta, exserta ; alterna (peta- 
lina ?) longiora. Filamenta filiformia. Antherce oblongee, utrinque bifida?, dorso 
supra basin arfixae. Ovarium inferum, triloculare ; ovula in loculis solitaria vel 
gemina, collateraba, pendula (pauca e loculorum angulo centrali adscendentia vel 
pendula, -EW£.),anatropa. Columna stylina filiformis, recta. Stigma simplex, 
obsolete trilobum vel trifidum. Bacca globosa vel oblonga, abortu 1-3-locularis. 
Semina in loculis solitaria, loculum replentia ; testa membranacea, adnata ; raphe 
immersa ; hilum basilare chalazae apicali discolori jungens. Embryo minimus, in 
basi albuminis dense carnosi ; extremitate radiculari hilum attingente. — Herbae, 
paucis Africanis tropicis exceptis, Capenses, bulbiferce, scapigerce, glabra vel 
pubescentes ; bulbo tunicato, scepius bifariam squamoso ; folia pauca, sapius Una, 
coriacea, crassiuscula, plerumque plana, orbiculata, erecta vel humistrata, rarius 
angusta, elongata, canaliculata, rarisdme petiolata, oblonga, petiolis vaginantibus. 
Scapus brevis, solidus, plerumque compressus, basi sapius bracteis duabus radi- 
calibus interdum coloratis stipatus, multiflorus. Flores crebri, pedicellati, umbel- 
lati, erecti, bracteis angustis ramentaceis interstincti. Spatha ut plurimum poly- 
phylla, foliolis erectis, coloratis, umbella longioribus, rarius diphylla vel reflexa. 
Kth. ex Endl. 



HjEmanthus insignis ; elata subcaulescens, foliis pluribus oblongis submembra- 

naceis inferne longe cylindraceo-vaginatis, vaginis inferae punctato-maculatis, 

scapo caulis foliiferi prope basin orto inferne tereti maculato superne com- 

. presso-angulato, involucri polyphylli bracteis amplis foliaceis exterioribus 

umbella longioribus, floribus numerosissimis, perianthii laciniis erectis. 



A truly fine and handsome plant. Bulbs were sent to us from 
Natal, through the kindness of the Rev. Mr. Rouper, of Wichhall, 
near Brighton. The near ally of this is H. pmiceus, most un- 
satisfactorily figured in Bot. Mag. t. 1315, much worse in Re- 
doute's Liliacees, tab. 320, and very faithfully in Trew, Ehret. t. 
44, and to H. magnificus, if we may judge by Mr. Herbert having 
formerly called it H.puniceus, var. magnified; that is, it belongs 

OCTOBER 1st, 1853. 



to the group or section having " folia cylindraceo-vaginantia undu- 
lata, limbus erectus." Our species is at once known by its large 
size, and the great length of the very foliaceous involucre. It 
flowered with us in August, 1853, in a cool frame. 

Descr. From a large bulb arises a stout spotted cylindrical 
stem, formed by the sheathing elongated base of several large, 
oblong, rather acute, waved, membranaceous leaves, in perfection 
along with the flowers. From near the base of the stem, in the 
axil of some imperfectly developed leaves, the stout peduncle ap- 
pears, spotted and cylindrical at the base, compressed and angled 
above. Umbel of very numerous, erect, orange-coloured, shortly 
pedicelled flowers, very compact, and surrounded by a many- 
leaved involucre ; outer leaves, or bracteas, resembling true leaves, 
much longer than the umbel, inner bracteas smaller. Bracteoles 
at the base of the pedicels small, subulate. Perianth infundibu- 
liform, cut more than half (nearly two-thirds) of the way down, 
into six, linear lacinise, slightly unguiculate at the point. Sta- 
mens six ; filaments longer than the perianth, subulate. Anthers 
oblong, subsagittate. Ovary trigonal, adnate with the base of 
the perianth. Style a little longer than the stamens. Stigma of 
three very small lobes. 



Fig. 1. Flower and bracteole. 2. Pistil: — magnified. 



/ 7 / 6. 




Tab. 4746. 

BEGONIA BISERRATA. 

Bonbhj-serraied Begonia. 



Nat. Ord. Begoniace.e. — Mon(Ecia Polyandria. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4172.) 



Begonia biserrata ; erecta laxa, tota villis albis mollibus sparsis pilosa, folns 
sublotige petiolatis oblique late palraato-lobatis subcordatis lobis 4-5 uue- 
qualibus inciso-serratis ciliatis, paniculis dichotomis axdlanbus termma- 
libusque, floribus nutantibus masculis tetrasepalis fccmineis 5-6-sepalis 
interioribus triplo minoribus, sepalis omnibus cordatis inciso- molhtor 
cihato-serratis, fructu 3-alato gmsse pilis albis echinato, alis brevibus ob- 
tusis grosse ciliatis unica vix duplo inajore. 

Begonia biserrata. Until. Journ. of Hort. Soc. v. 2. p. 313. Walp. Ann. Bot. 
Syst. v. 3. p. 892. 



Among an interesting collection of Begonias lately presented 
to us by William Wilson Saunders, Esq., is the present very 
well-marked species, said to have been discovered in Guatemala, 
by G. U. Skinner, Esq. Like all other Begonias, it requires to 
be frequently increased by cuttings, and then we are more sure 
of good flowering specimens. It blossoms with us, in the stove, 
in the summer months, and makes a very handsome appearance. 

Descr. Two to nearly three feet high, lax, yet capable ol sup- 
porting itself. Stem terete, villous, as is every part ot the plant, 
except the inside of the flowers, with soft white ; scattered I hairs. 
Leaves alternate, on rather long petioles, broadly but oOliquery 
cordate, palmato-lobate, lobes about five, but unequal, ana 
subinciso-serrate, ciliated; lower ones sometimes almost a span 
broad, the upper ones gradually smaller : all submembranaceo i* 
soft pale yellowish-green. Panicles cymose, longer than he 
leaves, axillary and terminal, dichotomously divided, bractca l 
with small ovato-lanceolate bracts at the setting on oltne 
branches. Male flowers large, rose-coloured and white, oepau 



NOVEMBER 1ST, 1853, 



four, spreading -, two outer ovato-cordate, incised and ciliato- 
serrate ; two inner small and more ovate. Female of five or six 
sepals, less spreading; three outer cordate, the two or three 
inner small, inciso-serrate, and ciliated. Immature fruit clothed 
with stout, soft, subulate, long, white hairs, three-winged, two of 
the wings short and rounded, the third scarcely twice as large, 
and with an obtuse angle above. 



Fig. 1. Female flower. 2. Pistil, from which the sepals are removed :- 
magnified. 



The following memorandum has been communicated by our 
excellent friend Dr. Wallich, in connection with his remarks on 
the genus Methonica, under Tab. 4723 (note) of the present 
volume : — 

" As you have adopted my view of the Methonica question, I 
beg to forward the following corroborative matter. 

" The name is of Sanscrita origin. Prof. H. H. Wilson tells 
me that • Mettoni or Mentoni, according to the Rev. Mr. Bailey's 
Malayalim Dictionary, is a poisonous plant, Leea hirta, of which 
one root is supposed to be poison, the other the antidote ;' and 
he thinks it probable that those names may be derived from the 
Sanscrita Mil/tuna, a pair, a brace. Hermann's name is therefore 
identical with those in the Malayalim, which language is almost 
entirely of Sanscrita descent. Rheede's Mendoni (Hort. Mai. yii. 
p. 107. t. 57) has the same origin. As to Leea hirta, this in- 
nocent shrub may be considered as having nothing whatever to 
do with the matter; and the extravagant fancy about the poison 
and antidote in one root, points at the geminate root of Metho- 
nica Malabarorum, and its supposed poisonous property." 



If 74 7. 




-e;arip- 



Tab. 4747. 
METTERNICHIA Principis. 

Princely Metternichia. 



Nat. Ord. Solanace^e. — Pentandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx campanulatus, insequaliter 4-5-6-fidus, persistens, laciniis 
subsequalibus v. insequalibus, 2-3 saepe duplo majoribus foliiforraibus. Corolla 
infundibuliformis ; tubo imo contracto et intus pubescente, superne amplo ; Umbo 
expanso, sestivatione profunde plicato ; laciniis 5, brevibus, asqualibus, crenulato- 
undulatis. Stamina 5, corolla? contractione inserta, inclusa, 2 breviora; filamenta 
filiformia, basi dilatato-incrassata, imo pubescentia, superne glabra; anthera 
ovales, 2-loculares, basifixaa, longitudinaliter dehiscentes. Pistillum staminibus 
paulo brevius. Ovarium sessile, biloculare; ovulis in loculis utrinque 8, in 
septi facie juxta basin ad nervos 2 parallelos 2-3-seriatim dispositis, ascenden- 
tibus, imbricatis, inferioribus exterioribus. Stylus simplex. Stigma bilamella- 
tum, lamellis crassiusculis, margine revolutis. Capsula coriacea, lignosa, ovato- 
cylindracea, 2-locularis, apice septifrago-2-valvis, dissepimento libero, valvis de- 
mum semibifidis. Semina plurima (2-4, Miers) in quoque loculo, e dissepimenti 
basi adscendentia, longe linearia, utrinque acuminato-attenuata, margine ala 
membranacea cincta, ventre convexa, dorso carinata j hilo prope basin introrsum 
laterali ; testa chartacea, ad endopleuram spongiosam adnata. Embryo in axi albu- 
minis carnosi, tenuis, rectus ; cotyledonibus bnearibus, carnosis, radiculam inferam 
sequantibus. — Arbores Brasilienses, frondosa ; folia alterna, breviter petiolata, co- 
riacea aut subcoriacea, elliptica, penninervia, reticulata, integerrima, nitida ; flores 
terminates, subsolitarii v. plurimi, subracemosi, fasciculati, ebracteati, speciosi, albi. 
Dunal, in DC. 



Metternichia Principis ; caule arboreo, foliis lanceolato-ellipticis subtus palli- 
dioribus, pedunculis brevibus petiolorum longitudine terminalibus subrace- 
mosis, calycis laciniis ovato-oblongis obtusiusculis uninerviis reticulatis. Dim. 

Metternichia Principis. Mikan, Delect. II. et lam. Bras, {no No. or page) 
cum Ic. Mart. II. Brasil. lose. v. 6. p. 227. Dunal, in De Cand. Prodr. 
v. IB. p. 594. 

Metternichia Princeps. Miers, in Hook. Lond. Journ. of Bot. v. 5. p. 145. 

Lisianthus opbiorrhiza. Fell. It. Hum. v.2.t.T8. 



A Brazilian genus, named in compliment to the distinguished 
Austrian Prince Metternich-Winneburg, of Ochsenhausen, etc. Its 
author and discoverer, Mikan, describes the flowers as inodorous, 
whereas with us they are powerfidly and deliciously fragrant, 

NOVEMBER 1ST, 1853. 



the greatest charm perhaps the plant possesses ; for though the 
flowers are large, they are not showy, not more so than Port- 
landia, or other white corollas whose tubes have a tinge of green. 
Mikan referred the genus to Convohulacem, Meisner to Bignoni- 
acece, Lindley and Miers (with more propriety) to Solanacea, and 
the latter to a separate group, which he calls " Metternichiete," 
along with Sessea and Oestrum. There is probably but one 
species. Dunal takes up, indeed, M. ajfinis of Presl, but as 
something more than doubtful ; and he has a " Metternichia ? 
megalandra" — querying the genus, — a Colombian plant of Mo- 
ritz (n. 827). M. Principis flowers with us, in the stove, in 
August. 

Descr. Our flowerjng specimens constitute a shrub three to 
four feet high; in its native climate it attains a height of 
twenty-five feet : much branched, branches terete, and, as is 
every part of the plant, glabrous. Peduncles terminal and in the 
axils of the terminal leaves, short ; or the inflorescence may be 
called a leafy, somewhat panicled raceme. Calyx campanulate, 
irregularly five-cleft, segments erect. Corolla white, broad- 
infundibuliform ; the tube greenish, angled; limb spreading, 
large, plicate, as in Solanum or Convolvulus, cream-white, the 
five broad lobes bifid, and waved or plaited. Stamens five, ex- 
serted; filaments filiform, unequal. Anthers oblong. Ovary 
oval. Style longer than the stamens. Stigma two-lobed. Cap- 
sule an inch and a half or sometimes two inches long, cylindrical, 
tapering, five-valved, the base enclosed in the persistent calyx. 



Fig. 1. Pistil. 2. Section of ovary : — magnified. 3. Capsule: — nat. size. 



4748. 




Kick, del 



Tab. 4748. 
CAMPANULA Vidalii. 

VidaVs Bell-flower. 

Nat. Ord. Campanulace;e. — Pentandrja Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. (Fide supra, Tab. 4555.) 



Campanula Vidalii; inferne fruticulosa, ramosa, viscida, ramis sulcatis, foliis 
(ssepe rosulatis) oblongo-spathulatis grosse serratis superioribus parvis brac- 
teaeformibus, floribus racemosis cernuis, pedicellis bracteolatis, lobis calycinis 
brevibus triangularibus, corolla urceolato-eampanidata (alba), staminibus re- 
motis, disco hypogyno amplo ambitu crasso aurantiaco. 

Campanula Vidalii. H. C. Wats, in Hook. Ic. Plant, t. 684. Walp. Bepert. 
Bot. v. 6. p. 387. 

Campanula Vidaliana. H. C. Wats. "Plants collected in the Azores, in 1842, 
n. 113." 



We gave a faithful representation from a dried specimen of 
this remarkable Campanula in our ' Icones Plantarum ;' but our 
cultivated plant lias a very different and really striking appear- 
ance. It has not (from want of age perhaps) become so ligneous 
nor so gouty; it has fewer rosulate leaves, and they are less 
crowded : but the flowers are larger and more numerous. The 
hypogynous disc of the flower is singularly broad, and surround- 
ed by a thick, bright, orange-coloured annulus, on the outside of 
which the stamens are placed, distant from each other, and they 
never seem to incline over the disc, as is so common in other 
Bell-flowers. There seem to be no tangible characters for dis- 
tinguishing it as a genus from Campanula. It has however a 
very peculiar habit : is a native of the Azores, and was detected 
on an insulated rock off the east coast of Flcres, between Santa 
Cruz and Porta Delgada, by Captain Vidal, R.N. We are in- 
debted for our living plants to H. C. Watson, Esq. They are 
quite hardy, and flower in August. 

Descr. Everywhere glabrous and viscid. Boot perennial. 
Stem one to two feet high, branching from the base ; the old 
stems gouty and tortuous and subligneous below. Some of 

^'VEMBER 1ST, 1853. 



the branches are short and sterile, bearing only rosules of more 
or less distant leaves ; others are tall, and bear flowers and dis- 
tant foliage : all are sulcated, somewhat clammy and glossy. 
Leaves three to four inches long, oblong-spathulate, thick and 
fleshy, firm, viscid, coarsely serrated, penniveined, the costa and 
veins prominent beneath : upper leaves passing into bracteas. 
Flowers large, more or less numerous, racemose, terminating the 
branches, drooping. Pedicels bracteated (with small leaves) at 
the base, and bearing about two bracteoles near the middle. 
Calyx-tube broad, turbinate, five-angled, and depressed between 
the angles,- lobes spreading, triangular, acute, thick. Corolla 
white, between urceolate and campanulate, obscurely five-angled, 
the lobes triangular, moderately spreading. Stamens distant, in- 
serted on the outside of a large orange-coloured annulus or mar- 
gin to the broad hypogynous disc. Filaments dilated at the base. 
Anthers oblong. Ovary three-celled. Placentas two-lobed. Style 
remarkably thickened upwards, downy, short. Stigmas short, at 
first erect. 



Fig. 1. Flower from which the corolla is removed. 2. Transverse section of 
an ovary. 3. Stamen : — magnified. 



4749. 




F. Reeve, itnf 



Tab. 4749. 
PAPAVER pilosum 

Large Hairy Poppy. 



Nat. Ord. Papaverace^e. — Polyandria Monogtnia. 

Gen. Char. Sepala 2, convexa, decidua. Petala 4. Stamina numerosa. Stylus 
nullus. Stigmata 4-20, radiantia, sessilia super discum ovarium coronautem. 
Capsula obovata, 1-locularis, e carpellis 4-20 in tlialami productione membrana- 
cea inclusis constans, sub stigmatum corona valvulis brevibus dehiscens. Pla- 
centa intervalvulares, intus in dissepimenta incompleta products. — Herbse^er- 
ennes, succo albofcetce; pedunculi ante Jlorescentiam apice inflexi. Be Cand. 



Papaver pilosum ; datum ramosum undique hispido-pilosum pilis patentibus, 
foliis radicalibus oblongis in petiolum longiusculum attenuatis pinnatifidis 
serratis, caulinis lato-oblongis inciso-serratis basi subcordatis amplexicauli- 
bus sessikbus, petalis amplis miniatis basi albo-maculatis, capsulis (rmma- 
turis) oblongo-obovatis glabris. 

Papaver pilosum. Sm. Prodr. Fl. Grac. v. 1. p. 350. Fl. Grac. Sibth. v. 5. p. 
75. t. 402. Be Cand. Prodr. p. 119. 

Papaver Olympicum. Sibth. MSS. 



A hardy herbaceous Poppy, we believe with perennial roots 
and large handsome brick-red flowers, having a pale spot at the 
base of each of the petals. When or by whom introduced into 
this country, or from what source our garden derived it, we have 
no record ; but it is assuredly the P. pilosum of Smith and Sib- 
thorpe, whose figure above quoted is very characteristic (Flora 
Grseca, tab. 192). The plate immediately before that, m the 
Flora Grseca, is P. somniferum, and we wonder that no notice is 
taken of the similarity of the two, for (in the absence of ripe cap- 
sules of our plant) they are very much alike : best distinguished 
by the absence of glaucous hue, greater breadth of foliage, copi- 
ous hairiness (by no means always glabrous in P. somniferum), 
and brick-red petals of P. pilosum. ' 

Descr. Boot perennial? Stem two to three feet high, branched, 
terete, clothed with copious patent hairs (as are the leaves) Moot- 
leaves elongated, oblong, tapering into a decided and rather long 
petiole, deeply sinuated and coarsely inciso-serrated ; stem-leaves 

NOVEMBER 1ST, 1853. 



broad-oblong, almost elliptical, sessile, cordate and amplexicaul 
at the base, the margin cut and serrated, uppermost one smaller 
and less cordate at the base. Peduncles single-flowered, droop- 
ing in bud. Calyx of two, elliptical, concave sepals, very hairy. 
Corolla of four, large, spreading, broadly rotundato-cuneate, brick- 
red petals, having a pale, nearly white spot at the base. Stamens 
very numerous, as long as the pistil. Ovary oblong-obovate, 
obscurely five-angled, glabrous. Stigma depressed, radiate. 



Fig. 1. Immature capsule: — nat. size. 



4750. 




Htck,Ael,etlitk. 



I£j5eTC,imp- 



Tab. 4750. 
DICTYANTHUS Pavonii. 

Pavon s Dictyanthus. 



Nat. Ord. Asclepiade/E. — Pentandria Digynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx 5-partitus. Corolla speciosa, campanulata, 5-fida, laciniis 
ovatis obtusiusculis sursum reflexis eleganter reticulato-venosis, rete exih fusces- 
cente. Corona staminea tubo adnata, corpmculis 5 smubus oppositis spatnuiatis 
carnosulis subglandulosis reducta. Gynostegium parvum, tubo corolla? amplo m- 
clusum. Anther* membrana terminate, transversim et oblique debiscentes, 
parvse. MassapoUinis clavatae, subcompressa;, apice pellucido. SHgma carnosum, 
pentagonum, angulis prominentibus.— Suffrutex volubilu Peruvianas ; folia cor- 
date, membranacea, huge petiolata ; pedunculi petiolo brevwres 1-2-fonj co- 
rollaa speciosa, bipollicares, reticulato-venosce, Huerniam campanulatam mentmites. 
Bene. 



Dictyanthus Pavonii. 

Dictyanthus Pavonii. Becaisne, in Be Cand. Prodr. v. 8. p. 605. 



This is one among the remarkable forms of Asclepiadeous 
plants, a native of New Spain, where it was first detected by 
Pavon (whose name it bears). It has the habit of Gonolobus or 
some other climbing member of the family, with flowers so much 
resembling a Stapelia, or rather a Huerma that it is said _to 
bear the name of Stapelia campanulata in Pavon s Mbb w c 
received our plants from Messrs. Henderson, of St. John s \Yood 
Nursery, and also from Messrs. Rolhsons, of looting, it re- 
quires the heat of the stove, and flowers copiously in beptember. 

Descr. Stems climbing, long, branching, fihtorm, terete 
slightly downy (as is the whole plant, except the flowers), tinged 
with purple. Leaves opposite, on moderately long, slender 
petioles, cordate or cordato-ovate, acuminate membranaceous 
entire, veined and reticulated, having a deep and obtuse sinus at 
the base. Peduncles axillary, solitary, longer than the P^ole > 
but shorter than the leaves, generally three-flowered Calami 
to the base into five, erecto-patent, lanceolate segments with their 
margins reflexed. Corolla large, rotate, with the tube large, thick 



NOVEMBBB 1ST, 1853- 



and fleshy, semiglobose, pale green, longitudinally striated and 
having five furrows, so that between the furrows the outer surface 
is very convex, corresponding with five depressions or cavities, 
within, which are more distinctly striated with longitudinal fine 
brown lines than the external surface : the limb is broad, cut 
half-way down into five spreading ovate lobes, whose margins are 
recurved : the whole disc is pale green, beautifully striated con- 
centrically, with fine brown lines which meet and hence become 
reticulated. The staminal crown is adnate with the tube and has 
five spreading lobes or horns. Gynostegium small, conical. 



Fig. 1. Vertical section of the tube, stowing the cavities within and the sta- 
minal crown in the centre : — magnified. 



4 751. 




Rick, del. etlii., 



V R,6C 



Tab. 4751. 
PLUMIERIA Jamesoni. 

Jamesons Plumieria. 



Nat. Ord. Apocynace^;. — Pentandria Digynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx apice 5-lobus, lobis rotundatis, sestivatione 5-unciali, v. in- 
teger. Corolla tubo tenui, cylindraceo, recto v. incurvo ; fame exappendiculata, 
lobis 5, obovato-oblongis, sestivatione dextrorsum convoluto-imbricatis, tubo pie 
rumque subaequalibus. Stamina 5, basi corollse inserta ; Jilamentis brevissimis ; 
antheris oblongis, basi dilatatis, apice obtusiusculis. Ovaria 2, ovoidea, toro seu 
disco tori continuatione immersa, cum eo dorso adheerentia, juniora fere infera, 
inter se tamen distincta, serius supera. Ovula plurima, suturae ventrali adfixa. 
Stylus 1. Stigma oblongum, apice bifidum. Folliculi 2, oblongi linearesve, nunc 
ventricosi, plerumque deflexi, polyspermi, suturse ventrali dehiscentes, externe 
carnosuli. Semina oblonga, compressa, hinc (verisim. superne) membranaceo- 
alata. Hilus ad i longitudinis seminis ab extrem. super, ad alam, ovatus. Ala 
laciniata, semine brevior. Albumen 0. Cotyledones amplae, ovales, cordatae, facie 
adpressse, foliaceae. Radicula cylindrica, brevissima, extremitatem nudam spec- 
tans. — Arbuscula? Americance v. rarius Asiatics, tropica ; ramis crassis, foliorum 
cicatricibus amplis notatis ; foliis alternis, magma, obtusis vel acumine acuto, inte- 
gris, nereis lateralibus centrali fere perpendicular ibus, in nervum prope peripheriam 
conjunctis ; cymis terminalibus, corymbosis ; floribus amplis, speciosis, sape fra- 
grantibus, geminatim intra bracteas amplas (an semper?) caducas dispositis, altero 
magis centrali ante alium Jlorente. Alph. Be Cand. 



Plumieria Jamesoni ; foliis amplis lato-oblongis utrinque attenuatis subtus pal- 
lidioribus reticulatis, pedunculis elongatis pedicellisque rubris, cymis multi- 
floris, calycis lobis parvis brevibus erectis, corollse luteae (extus rubro-pictis) 
lobis ovato-ellipticis acutis. 



A handsome stove-plant, received from Professor Jameson, who 
detected it in the vicinity of Guayaquil. It belongs to M. Alphonse 
De Candolle's first section of the genus "Lobi calycis breves, 
obtusissimi," and to the second section of the species "Mores 
albi, lutei vel ex luteo variegati." Yet in that group there is 
no species the description of which satisfactorily accords with 
this. Its great beauty consists in the fine red of the peduncles 
and pedicels and outside of the flower, and the rich yellow of the 
upper or inner side of the corolla, and which, together with the 

NOVEMBER 1ST, 1853. 



great breadth of the lobes of the corolla and their acute apices, 
constitute the chief specific distinction. In those particulars I 
can find none to accord with it. It flowers in July in our stoves. 
Descr. Our plant is not more than four feet high, branched 
above, the stem and branches woody. Leaves mostly confined to 
the apex of the branches, large, broad-oblong, on rather long 
nearly terete petioles (furrowed on the upper side), attenuated at 
the base, acuminated at the extremity, penninerved, the nerves 
parallel and approximate, dark green above, paler beneath and 
reticulated between the nerves. Peduncle terminal, a span and 
more long, erect, firm, stout, terete, bearing at the extremity a 
cyme of many compact flowers. Pedicels articulated, red (some- 
times partly green). Calyx small, of five short, rounded, erect 
lobes, red, tipped with green. Corolla large, hypocrateriform. 
Tube long, narrow, yellow, deeply tinged w 7 ith red. Limb of 
five, large, spreading and moderately oblique, rich yellow (slightly 
tinged with red), acute segments. Mouth of the corolla red. 
Stamens inserted at the base of the tube of the corolla. Anthers 
sagittate, nearly sessile. Ovaries two, united in the style. Stig- 
mas two small points. 



Fig. 1. Pistil and stamens. 2. Single stamen : — magnified. 



476 2. 




etlitTa 



T. Reeve, xaip. 



Tab. 4752. 

PASSIFLORA Medus^a. 

Medusean Passion-flower. 



Nat. Ord. Passiflore^e. — Gynandria Pentandria. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4406.) 



Passtflora Medama ; foliis semiovatis 3-nerviis subtus glandulosis basi acutis 
apice bilobis erecto-patentibus acutis sinu rmicronato, petiolis eglandulosis, 
pedunculis binis bracteolatis unifloris, petalis lineari-lanceolatis^ minimis, 
coronse filamentosse serie externa patentissima sepalis paulo breviore, mte- 
riore erecta brevi. 

Passiflora Medussea. Lemaire in Fan Hotdte, Fl. des Serres, v. ±.p. 375 b, 
and 5, tab. 528. Paxt. and Lindl. Fl. Gard. v. I. p. 89./. 59. 



A supposed Mexican plant, having some affinity with P. b%~ 
flora, but the filamentous crown is very different, and the petals 
and sepals are nearly uniform, and to P. Mexicana, Juss., but 
there the leaves are different, the flowers are much smaller, and 
there are no petals. At first sight it would seem to belong to 
the section "Cicca" of De Candolle, where the perianth has only 
five lobes, or, in other words, where the petals are wanting; but 
petals do exist here, although they are so small and so covered 
by the exterior ray of copious filaments, that they are not easily 
seen. It flowers in the stove in November, trained against the 
rafters of the house. , , , 7 

Descr. A graceful climber, with slender, attenuated branches. 
leaves lunate, that is, they are half-ovate, acute at the base, cut 
by a broad sinus above into two broad, acute, erecto-patent lobe., 
with a mucro in the sinus. There are three primary neryes 
reaching, two of them to the apex of the lobes, and the central 
one terminating in the mucro of the sinus; between the central 
and lateral nerves is a row of conspicuous, orbicular pellucid 
cjhuuh, most apparent on the underside. Petioles much shorter 



DECBMBBB 1ST, 1853. 



than the leaf, eglandulose. Cirrhi simply slender, spirally 
twisted. Peduncles two, from the axils of the leaves, nearly as 
long as the leaf, bearing a few, small, subulate bracteoles, and a 
solitary flower. Flowers rather small. Calyx pale yellow-green, 
cut to the base into five spreading, oblong, obtuse sepals. Sepals 
very minute, white. Filamentous crown in two series, ochraceous- 
red : outer series of numerous long, slender, wavy, spreading 
filaments, nearly as long as the calyx ; inner of numerous com- 
pact, erect, or slightly incurved ones. Column as long as the 
calyx, red, bearing five red recurved filaments, each with a 
green, linear-oblong anther. Ovary globose, with three reflexo- 
patent styles, tipped with a clubbed stigma. 



Pig. 1. Portion of a flower : — magnified. 



4758. 




Tab. 4753. 
CIRRHOPETALUM cornutum. 

Horn-bearing Girrhopetalum . 



Nat. Ord. Orchldace,e. — Gynandria Monandria. 

Gen. Char. Sepala ringentia : lateralibus acuminatis, valde obliqais, basi pro- 
dactee columns adnatis, supremo multo longioribus. Tetala nana, apiculata. 
Labellum integrum, cum basi columnae articulatum. Columua minima, basi longe 
producta, apice cornubua duobus petaloideis. Anthera bilocularis. Pollinia 4, 
quorum 2 interiors multo minora, lamclliformia. — Herbaj epiphjtce, rhizomate 
repenie, pseiidob/ddos monophyllos gerente. Folia coriacea, avenia. Flores dense 
racemosi, nunc radiati, in apice scapi radicalis. Lindl. 



Cirrhopetalum cornutum ; pseudobulbis oblongo-ovatis lsevibus vaginatis, 
folio solitario oblongo-ligulato in petiolum attenuate, scapis radicalisms 
vaginatis gracilibus folio brevioribus, floribus terminalibus eleganter radiatitn 
umbellatis, sepalo superiore ovato concavo ciliato, sepalis lateralibus maximis 
linearibus elongatis in cornu connatis purpureo-sanguineis, petalis parvis 
ovatis concavis ciliatis, labello ovato-acuminato carnoso recurvo, columna 
bicuspidata. 

Cirrhopetalum cornutum. Lindl. in Bot. Mag. 1838. Misc. n. 138; and 
1843, sub. t. 49. n. 4. 



This charming Cirrhopetalum was received through Mr. Simons, 
from the Khasya hills, in eastern Bengal, and blossomed in our 
Orchideous stove in September, 1853. Its flowers, very curious 
in structure, are arranged in a whorled or radiating umbel ; but 
their odour is far from agreeable, resembling that of bad 4 glue. 
In the general structure of the flower, not in the inflorescence, 
the species approaches the C. Macraei of Ceylon (see our lab. 
4422), but the sepals and petals, as well as the colour, are con- 
siderably different, The lateral sepals are so united as to re- 
semble a large spur or horn of the flower, 

Descr. Pseudo-bulbs, several arising from a creeping caiidcx, 
oblong-ovate, green, smooth, more or less sheathed with large 
membranaceous scales, and terminated by a rather large, oblong, 
coriaceous, obtuse leaf, more than a span in length, and tapering 
below into an imperfect petiole, by which it is set on the top 



DECEMBER 1ST, 1853. 



of the bulb. Scapes one or two from the same pseudo-bulb, 
and arising from its very base, shorter than the leaf, slender, wiry, 
erect, jointed in the lower half, and there sheathed with mem- 
branaceous brown scales, bearing at the top a radiating umbel of 
dark purple and white flowers. Ovary small, tapering into a 
short peduncle. Sepals extremely unequal : upper one small, 
ovate, very concave, greenish-white, sprinkled with purple, acute, 
the margin ciliated ; lateral ones more than two inches long, 
pendent, the two meeting at the edges, so as to appear one, 
broad linear, dark purple-blood-colour, green at the tip, nearly 
white and spotted at the base. Petals in shape and colour re- 
sembling the upper sepal, but smaller and more ciliated, stand- 
ing forward, and, with the upper sepal, protecting the organs of 
fructification. Labellum articulated, as it were, on the prolonged 
base of the column, bent up against the front of the column, and 
itself ovate, fleshy, recurved, white, spotted. Column short, bi- 
cuspidate. Ant/ter-case sunk between the two points, hemisphe- 
rical. Pollen-masses of four lobes, two small and two large. 



Pig. 1. Flower. 2. Column, anther, and labellum. 3. Pollen-masses -.—all 
magnified. 



4754. 




TitckcLdf 



T.Ue&re, 



Tab. 4754. 
COLEUS Blumbi. 

Blumes Coleus. 



Nat. Ord. Labiate.— Didynamia Gymnospermia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx ovato-campanulatus, fruetifer, declinatus vel reEexus, rarius 
suberectus, fauce intus nuda vel hispida, quinquedentatus vel buabmtua, aente 
supremo ovato membranaceo marginibus rarius deeurrentibus, infenoribus angus- 
tioribus, omnibus acutis vel latcralibus ovato-truncatis, 2 mfimis stepe inter se 
coimatis. Corolla tubo exserto declinato, decurvo vel sapras ^lefracto fauce m - 
fiatavelseqmdi; Umbo bilabiate, labio superiore abbremto obtuse 3^-fido,ntfe- 
riorc integro elongate concave, sarins cymbiformi, genitalia involvente SUt^a 
4. FUamenta edentula, basi in tubum stylum vaginantem connexa. Stylus^ 
subulatus, aBqualiter bifidus. Nueul* subrotundo-compress*, ^«^ e ™? 
annuce vel basi per ennantes, rarius frutices. Verticillastri sexflon vel, n - 

tiflori,nunc densissmi, nunc laxi,cymbifornm ; -peduiiculo comnum f^JZl 
rimisve utrinaue binis, plus minusve elongaUs. Folia fi™f ahr f^'^\™ l% 
anthesin ad apicem racemorum plus minusve comosa, per anthesm decidua vel a 
subpersistentia, refexa. Species plerumque Asiatic*, perpauc* African*, Bentii. 



Coleus Blumei; foliis ovatis acuminatis grosse obtuse serrate bas a utis e 
integerrimis utrinque puberulis (supenie macubs . atro-purpji me ict *) u 
tieillastris distindis, pedicellis racemosis secundis, calym Invent, labio inf< 
riore trifido, lacinia intermedia longiore semibitida. Bentk. 

Coleus Blumei. Senth. Lab. p. 56. in Be Cand. Prodr. v. 12. p. 75. 

Plegtranthus scutellarioides. Blume, Bijdr.p. 837. (non Br.) 



We are indebted for our first knowledge oMte >J£*£ 
livitiff state to Mr Low, of Clapton iNnrsery, who ecenet tiu. 
Jl nf from Belgfum, as a native of Java , but even t bore B lume 
speaks of it only as cultivated m gardens. As such * is an « 
tremely ornamental plant, the leaves tang mtensely motUed and 
blotched with deep purple or sanguineous stains Me the I 
whorled racemes of (Bowers are prettily varied mt *Vffi£* 
white. Nothing is more easily eulbvatod, wd: no stov .* ouia 
be without it, for it flowers through the summer, and till 
setting in of the winter. . . f . . r oot 

DeIcb. The plants in our possession vary from a loot to 

DECEMBER 1ST, 1853. 



and a half high, throughout nearly herbaceous or suffruticose 
only at the base ; stems and branches square, the angles rather 
obtuse, a little hairy at the joints. Leaves rhomboidal ovate, 
membranaceous, deeply and coarsely inciso- serrate at the margin, 
the apex acuminate, entire as well as the base, which is gradually 
attenuated into a more or less elongated petiole, hairy at the 
sides : the colour of the leaf is yellowish-green, the whole disc dark 
purple or sanguineous, breaking into spots near the margin ; the 
principal . nerves are obliquely erect, running almost parallel to 
the midrib. Inflorescence a terminal elongated whorled spike or 
raceme. Whorls of about six flowers or more. Pedicels very 
short. Calyx small, hairy. Tube short, subglobose : limb five- 
lobed; upper lobe much the largest, oblong, not decurrent at 
the base, two lateral lobes short, two inferior ones linear, ap- 
proximate. Corolla purple and white, moderately large, resupi- 
nate, hairy on the back : tube funnel-shaped, suddenly refracted : 
limb of two large lips; lower one ovate acute, cymbiform, the 
upper shorter, broad, oval reflexed, spreading, three-lobcd, the 
middle lobe bifid. Stamens and style included in the hollow of 
the inferior lip. 



Fig. 1. Front ; and 2, Side view of a flower ■. — magnified. 



4735. 




Tab. 4755. 

DENDROBIUM cymbidioides, 

Cymbidium-like Dendrobium . 



Nat. Ord. Orchidaceje.— Gynandria Monandria. 

Gen. Char. Sepala membranacea, erecta vel patentia, lateralibua majoribus 
obliquis cum basi producta columna? eonnatis. Petala sepalo supremo sapras 
majora, nunc minora, semper membranacea. Labellum cum pede columnse arti- 
culatum vel connatum, semper sessile, indivisum vel trilobum, srcpius membra- 
naceum, nunc appendiculatum. Columna semiteres, basi longe producta. An- 
them bipollicaris. Pollbna 1, per paria collateral.— Herbae epiphjie, nunccaules- 
centes, nunc rltizomate repente pseudobulbifero. Folia plana, sapiua venosa. Mores 
solitariifasciculati v. racemosi, speciosi. Lbtdl. 



Dendrobium cymbidioides; pseudobulbis oblongo-ovatis 4-5-goms Mis bmi, 
oblomns retusis pseudobulbos vix excedentibus, scapo terminali 5-7-flo o, 
sepalis petalis lineari-oblongis obtusis Bequabbus patcntibus ochraceis, la- 
belli disco basi abrupte calloso-lineato, lobo medio ovato tumido. 

Dendrobium cymbidioides. Lindl. Gen. et Spec. Orchid. p. 77. 

Desmotrichum cymbidiodes. Blume, Bijdr. p. 355. 



A plant very little known either in our gardens or herbaria of 
which we received living specimens from Messrs. Rolhson, of &c 
Tooting Nursery, without any name. It proves to b the ites- 
motrichm cymbidioides of Blume native of the lofty wooded 
mountains of Gede and Salak in Java, a genus of that author, 
of which all the species have, we thmk with prop™ tv by Dr. 
Lindley, been incorporated with or restored to P^f™ J* 
Lindley had indeed seen no specimens ; but **W**££ 
sent to him by Professor Reinwardt and of »d«eb ««««. 
DemoMdJ, triflorum, "scarcely (hffenng from 1, s bu . m* 
uniformly tetragonal pseudo-bulbs, and cream-coloured flowers 
always appearing in threes." , f 

Descr. Pseudo-bulbs ovate or oblong-ovate, an a . 
or five angles, and clustered upon a short «V"S""£ x gene 
rallv more or less sheathed with long "-™""""^£S 
bearing at the summit two erecto-patent, oblong, obtuse or rathe. 



DECEMBER 1ST, 1 s ."> ; >- 



retuse, coriaceous leaves, not twice so long as the pseudo-bulbs. 
Scape terminal, arising from the top of the pseudo-bulb, between 
the two leaves, erect, terete, scarcely scaly, bearing from five to 
seven moderately large flowers. Ovaries pedunculiform, nearly 
three inches long, erecto-patent, clavate. Sepals andpetals uniform, 
linear-oblong, spreading, ochraceous. Labellum much shorter 
than the sepals, oblong-cordate, white, sprinkled near the base 
within with dark-purple linear blotches, three-lobed, bearing on 
the disc tubercles arranged in two or three lines or series j 
the side lobes are short, obtuse, incurved; the terminal lobe 
ovate obtuse, tumid or convex. Column short, semiterete, de- 
current, spotted with purple on the plane surface. Anther sunk 
in a three-toothed clinandrium, hemispherical. 'Pollen-masses 
four, in two parallel series. 



"Fig. 1. Labellum. 2. Column and anther. 3. Pollen-masses: — magnified. 



$756. 







Tab. 475(5. 
BILLBERGIA thyrsoidea. 

Dense-flowered Billbergia. 

Nat. Ord. Bbomeliacejs.— Hexandbia Monogynia. 

Gen Ckar Periaonii super! sexpartiti lacing exteriores calycinje, ffiquales 
ecaSte^ecte^ spiralis convolute, aristate ve mate* apice hinc oblique 
SilT^'SSres petaloide*. exterioribus multo longiores, apice patentee v. 
dda ata. i teio cs pcta , bi<jristataj rarius nudie . Stamma 6, epigyna; 

O i'pttoa I! Mkn. angulo central! pendu!, a»a = 4£<£ub! 

coloratis. Endl. 



■j m;; pv^otU lato-lieolatis obtusis cum acumine requa- 
BiLLBEEGiA%r«>«fefl; folu s ciccti* lat0 ^". •■ this ovato-lanceo- 



jp. 1260. 



a ■ h, nnlnnred and very handsome Bromeliaceous plant, 
n ,tt™"& eseld to L garden by Messrs. Henderson 
r i ! ■ & Tnhn'sWood under the name here retained, 

of the Nn^ery Si Johns Wood by Mart i us , 

afflgS s$ Sa saw 

is quite different from *™™F a W ders will observe , that, 
Descr. Z«n^ one to two feet long, ereet or ereeto-patent, 



1853 
Di 

DECEMBER 1ST, 1853 



having a slightly reflected curvature, broadly ligulate, of a rather 
full green on the upper side, paler beneath, when seen under a 
microscope slightly filamentose or flocculose on the surface, the 
margin spinuloso- serrate ; the base is very convex, somewhat 
utriculose; the rest convex, or rather canaliculate, plane to- 
wards the apex, which latter is obtuse, with a spinulose acumen. 
Peduncle central, shorter than the leaves, terete, imbricated with 
large, lax, oblong, or lanceolate and acuminated, involute, red 
bracteas, and terminated by a dense thyrsoid spike of many red 
flowers. Flowers sessile or nearly so. Ovary inferior, oblong, 
and, as well as the three short, erect lobes of the calyx, clothed 
with a white powder. Petals three, elongated, four times as 
long as the calyx, subspathulate ; the apex reflexed, oblique, and 
ciliated ; the margin below involute, with two teeth near the base, 
and one higher up on each side. At the base of each petal are 
also two fimbriated scales. Stamens shorter than the petals. 
Anthers yellow. Style longer than the stamens, terminated by 
the three dark-green, spirally twisted lobes of the stigma. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Petal and stamen. 3. Pistil -.—more or less magnified. 



/;.;. 







Tab. 4757. 
DIDYMOCARPUS Humboldtiana. 

Humboldtian Didt/mocarpus. 



Nat. Ord. Cyrtandrace,e.— Diandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Utiar. Calyx quinquefidus vel quinquepartitus. Corolla infundibulifor- 
mis, limbo 5-lobo subirregulari rarius bilabiate Stamina 4, quorum 2 (ranus 4) 
antherifera. Anther* renifor-mes. Ovarium elongatum. Stylus brevis. Stigma 
orbiculatum, indivisum. Capsnla siliquiformis, bivalvis, valvis mtroflexis falso- 
4-locularibus. Semina nuda, laevia, pendula.— Suffrutices aut herbse Indtca, 
caulescentes aut acuities. Folia radicalia aut caulina, alterna aut aapitu opposita, 
intequalia. Pedunculi axillares racemosi aut dichotomo-cymosi. I lores vtolacei 
aut albi. Be Cand. 



Didymocarpus Humboldtiana; tomentosa, acaulis, Mis radicalibus petiolatis 
ovato-ellipticis basi obtusis vel subcordatis apice obtusissnms crenatis 
supra piloso-tomentosis subtus lanugiuoso-tomentosis, scapis folio lon- 
o-ioribus trichotomis, bracteis oblongis obtusis tomentosis, lobis calycmis 
villosis linearibus obtusis persistentibus, capsulis pollicanbus silupiosis apice 
attenuatis. 

Didymocarpus Humboldtiana. Gardn. Contrih. towards a Fl. of frylon, in 
M'Clell. Calc. Joum. of Nat. Hist. v. S. F . 477. Walpm, Ann. Bot. v. 3. 
p. 96. 



Mrs General Walker first communicated copious specimens of 
this pretty plant from the elevated mountains in Ceylon ; and 
Mr Gardner afterwards detected the same in moist shady rocks 
above Rambodde, at an elevation of from 4000 to 5000 feet 
above the sea, in the same country, and published it, along with 
some other new plants of the same natural family m the work 
above quoted, under the name we have adopted, dedicated, as 
Mr. Gardner says, to the "Prince of scientific travellers, 
may admit of doubt how far the B. prmmlafoka of the same 
author, is distinct from this. We have received seeds of our 
present plant from Mr. Thwaites, from which plants are raised 
and which flower in a warm greenhouse in October he ha bit 
of this is so like that of Chirita S&netms (see our Tab. 4 
that one cannot but doubt whether they should not be referred 
to one and the same genus. The flowers are much smaller, Mid 
less highly coloured, in the present plant, 

DECEMBER 1ST, 1853. 



Descr. Stemless. From a perennial, short, fibrous cavdcx 
arises a more or less spreading cluster of leaves, which are nearly 
elliptical, very obtuse, rather long, petiolate, obtuse or a little 
tapering at tbjs base, crenate, penniveined and much reticulated, 
piloso-tomentose above, lanuginously tomentose and paler be- 
neath. Scapes several from the same root, twice or thrice longer 
than the leaves, naked, two or three times di-trichomotously di- 
vided, so as to form a lax panicle in the inflorescence ; ramifica- 
tions slender, furnished with small, oblong, villous, opposite 
bracteas. Flowers drooping. Calyx small, persistent, deeply five- 
partite, the lobes linear, erect, villous. Corolla pale lilac, cam- 
panulate rather than infundibuliform ; limb spreading, five-lobed, 
lobes nearly equal. Stamens included : two are fertile, two 
sterile ; and there is the rudiment of a fifth stamen in the shape 
of a small filament. Anthers subreniform, large, one-celled, 
cohering. Ovary oblong, glanduloso-pubescent, tapering into 
a distinct style, and terminated by an obscurely bilamellate sfiy- 
ma. Fruit scarcely mature, siliquose, terete, elongated, slightly 
curved, and tapering into the persistent subulate style. 



Fig. 1. Stamens. 2. Pistil : — magnified. 



7 
/