Skip to main content

Full text of "Curtis's botanical magazine."

See other formats







LL.D., F.R.S. and L.S., Vice-President of the Linnenn Society, and Director of the Royal Gardens of Kew. 

VOL. X. (57 


{Or Vol.LXXX. of the Whole Work.) 

" Wherefore did nature pour her Ik. unties forth 
With such a fall and un withdrawing hand. 

'•ring the earth with odours, fruits, and H< At, 
But nil to please and sate the cm 



'OHM Fl> r.. PRINTER, 








Efje present Uolume is ©etiieateu, 




Royal Gardens, Kkw, 
December, 1854. 


In which the Latin Names of the Plants contained in the Tenth 
Volume of the Third Series (or Eightieth Volume of the 
Work) are alphabetically arranged. 


4801 Acroclinium roseum. 

4769 Allosorus calomelanos. 

4762 ^flexuosus. 

4764 Amomum Danielti. 
4782 Angrsecum pertusura. 
4761 eburneum. 

4807 Anguloa uniflora. 
4773 Astrocaryum rostra turn. 

4784 Barkeria elegans. 

4818 Befaria sestuans. 

4819 Blandfordia flammea. 

4811 Bougainvillaea spectabilis. 

4793 Buddleia crispa. 

4785 Ccelogyne testacea. 

4808 Calycanthus occidentals. 
4796 Cassiope fastigiata. 
4792_Catasetum Naso, varr. 
4806 Ceanothus floribundus. 

4810 Lobbianus. 

4815 'papillosus. 

4779 Ceratnstema longiftorum. 

4814 Cereus Lemairii. 

4758 Ceropegia Thwaitesii. 

4765 Cheilanthes farinosa. 

4763 Cissus discolor. 

4794 Clematis barbellata. 
4822 Crescentia raacrophylla. 
4781 Desfontainia spinosa. 
4760 Dichorisandra picta. 
4800 Drimys Winteri. 

4787 Dracaena elliptica ; var. maculate. 

4812 Eschscholtzia tenuifolia. 

4759 Epidendrum Starafordianum. 
4821 Epipogon Gmelitii. 

4771 Kxacum macranthum. 







i ?r.r. 



Franciscea eximia. 
Gardenia globosa. 
Gentiana Fortuni. 
Goldfussia glomerata ; var. spe^ 

Hedera glomerulata. 
Heintzia tigrina. 
Hexacentris Mysorensis. 
Hypoxis latifolia. 
Imantophyllum ? miniatmii. 
Kniphofia uvaria. 
Myrtus bullata. 
Nymphaea Amazon uni. 
Oncidium incurvmu. 
Pittosporum flavum. 
Pitcairnia longifoba. 


Primula mollis. 
Rhododendron cinnabarinum ; 

var. pallidum. 

— citrinum. 

lepidotum ; 


. Maddeni. 

Saccolabium denticulatum. 
Scutellaria villosa. 
Scolopendrium Krebsii. 
Senecio praeeox 
Spira?a grandiflora. 
Torreya Mvristica. 
Trichodesma Zeylanicum 
Warrea quadrata. 
I 778 Wellingtonia giga 
Whitlavia grandiflora. 


which the English Names of the Plants contained in the Tenth 
Volume of the Third Series (or Eightieth Volume of the 
Work) are alphabetically arranged. 
































1 79 1 

Acrocliniuin, rose-coloured. 
Allosorus, deltoid-leaved. 

Angraecum, perforated. 


Ajiguloa, one-flowered. 
Astrocaryum, beak-sheathed. 
Barkeria, elegant. 
Beardletted Traveller's-joy. 
Befaria, glowing. 
Blandfordia, flame-flowered. 
Bougainvillaea, showy. 
Buddleia, crisped-leaved. 
Calabash-tree, large-leaved. 
Ccelogyne, clay-coloured. 
Calycanthus, western. 
Cassiope, fastigiated. 
Catasetum, proboscis, vars. 
Ceanothus, copious-flowering. 

Mr. Lobb's. 


Ceratostema, long-flowered. 
Cereus, Lemaire's. 
Ceropegia, Mr. Thwaites's. 
Cheilanthes, mealy. 
Cissus, two-coloured. 
Dichorisandra, blotch-leaved. 
Desfontainia, holly-leaved. 
Dracaena, elliptic-leaved ; spotted 

Eschscholtzia, slender-leaved. 
Epidendrum, Mr. Stamford's. 
Epipogon, Gmelin'a. 
Exacum, large-flowered. 
Franciscea, beautiful. 
Gardenia, globe-fruited. 


4776 Gentian, Mr, Fortune's. 

4767 Goldfussia, clustered ; showy- 

flowered var. 

4774 Heintzia, spotted-flowered. 
4786 Hexacentris, Mysore; yellow- 
flowered var. 

4768 Hound's-Tongue, Pinnated. 
4817 Hypoxis, broad-leaved. 

4783 Imantophyllum, brick-coloured. 

4804 Ivy, glomerulated. 

4816 Kniphofia, serrulated-leaved. 

4764 Melligetta, bastard. 

4809 Myrtle, blistered-leaved. 

4780 Nutmeg, Californian. 

4824 Oncidium, curved. 

4770 Pitcairnia, hoary. 

4775 long-leaved. 

4799 Pittosporum, yellow-flowered. 

4798 Primrose, soft -leaved Bootan. 

4788 Khododendron, cinnabar- flow- 

ered ; pale var. 

4797 citron-flowered. 

4805 Major Madden's. 

4802 scaly ; yellow- 
green-flowered var. 

4772 Saccolabium, toothed. 

4789 Skull-cap, shaggy. 
4795 Spiraea, large-flowered. 

4803 Tree Groundsel, early-flowering 

4820 Trichodesma, Ceylon. 

4766 Warrea, fragrant. 

4823 Water-Lily, Amazon. 

4777, 4778 Wellingtonia, gigantic. 

4813 Whitlavia, large-flow en d. 

4800 Winter's Bark. 


Tab. 4758. 

CEROPEGIA Thwaitesii. 

Mr. Thwaitess Ceropegia. 

Nat. Ord. Asclepiade^e. — Pentandria Digynia. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 4349.) 

Ceropegia Thwaitesii; volubilis glabra, foliis petiolatis cordato-ovatis acumi- 
natis tenuibus, racemis 3-5-floris fobo longioribus, scpalis subulatis, corolla? 
tubo inftrndibuliformi basi inflato-globoso, limbi laciniis oblongis glabris co- 
hEerentibus, corona? staminea? foliolis externis bipartitis laciniis subulatis 
pilosis, interioribus lineari-spathulatis erectis glabris exteriors daplo supe- 

Apparently a new species of the singular genus Ceropegia, 
seeds of which were received at Kevv, from Ceylon, sent by 
our friend Mr. Thwaites, in 1851. The plants flowered in Sep- 
tember, 1853, and exhibit many points in common with ('. 
Cumingiana, Dene, figured at our Tab. 4349. The chief diffe- 
rence, as may be expected, lies in the flower : here the corolla 
being very contracted near the middle of the tube, and at the 
base singularly and suddenly inflated; the markings and colour 
of the corolla too, are very "different, as is the form of the sta- 
minal crown. 

Descr. The whole length of the plant before us is between 
two and three feet, moderately branched; branches glabrous, 
terete, climbing. Leaves opposite, on rather long petioles, ovate, 
acuminate, submembranaceous, glabrous, or only slightly ciliated 
at the margin, penninerved, entire, the nerves prominent beneath 
and the colour paler there. Young stem wA foliage often tinged 
with red. Petioles nearly an inch long, terete. Peduncles axil- 
lary, about as long as the petiole, and bearing an umbellate ra- 
ceme of three to live jloiccrs, which are moderately large, two 
inches and more long, handsomely marked. (. Wyx of five, subu- 
late, green sepals, tipped with red, half as long as the globose 

JANUARY 1st. L854. 

base of the corolla. Corolla with the tube yellow, infundibuli- 
form, very narrow below the middle, much inflated and almost 
globose at the base, dilated upwards, and there sprinkled with 
dark, blood-red spots. Limb of five, oblong-ovate, obtuse seg- 
ments, which are erecto-connivent into a cone, concave or grooved 
at the back, yellow, with a transverse band of dark brown, almost 
black-purple above the middle, the tips green : staminal crown 
cup-shaped, fleshy; external folioles five, erect, bifid, the segments 
subulate, villous with long hairs; interior of five, erect, linear- 
spathulate, glabrous ones, twice as long as the outer. 

Tig. 1. Corona staminea : — magnified. 

1. 7 ■',:>. 

% } 

«... * * .'\|\ uJfe^K 



Tab. 4759. 
EPIDENDRUM Stamfordianum. 

Mr. Stamford's Epidendrum. 

Nat. Ord. Orchide^:. — Gynandria Monandria. 
Gen. Char. {Fide supra, Tab. 4107.) 

Epidendrum (§ Psilanthemum) Stamfordianum; pseudo-bulbis fusiformibus, foliis 
oblongis obtusis coriaceis basi angustatis, racemo radicali panicolato, sepalis 
patentibns, petalia duplo angastioribas, labelli tripartiti laciniis plania sequi- 

longis lateralibus oblongis rotundatis intermedia transversa biloba s. emar- 
ginata fimbriata. 

Epidendrum Stamfordianum. Batman, Orchid. Mex. et Guat. t. 11. Lindl. 
Folia Orchid. Epidendr. p. 28. 

Epidendrum basilare. Klotzsch, in Link et Otto 2. p. 111. I. 45. 

In the valuable 'Folia Orchidacea,' now in the course of 
publication by Dr. Lindley, that author describes no less than 
310 species of the genus to which our present species belongs. 
All are natives of the warmer parts of America, and nearly all 
are epiphytes. They are divided into twelve groups or sections, 
and our species will be found in the fifth of these, " Psilanthe- 
mum " of Klotzsch, distinguished by the radical inflorescence, 
otherwise unknown in the genus, and the lip adnate to the 
column, and similar in structure to AmpUglottium : it em- 
braces only two known species, our present one, and E. pur- 
purascens of Focke. E. Stamfordianum is a native of Guatemala, 
where it was discovered by Mr. Skinner, and of Santa Marta, 
where it was detected by Mr. Purdie, who sent plants to Kew. 
It bears large racemes of greenish-yellow, spotted with red, frag- 
rant flowers, which appear with us between February and May. 
Descr. Epiphyte. Pseudo-bulbs long, slender, fusiform, taper- 
ing below into a long jointed stalk, sheathed with scales, which 
are very large, membranous, pale brown and pointed on the 
thicker portion of the pseudo-bulb. Leaves three; to four from 
the apex of the pseudo-bulb, five to seven inches long, coriaceous, 
rather obtuse, a little tapering at the base. Peduncle arising 

JANUARY 1ST, 1854. 

from the very base of the stalk of the pseudo-bulbs, among the 
short, thick, fleshy roots, bearing a compound panicle of racemes 
of numerous, fragrant flowers, of moderate size, of a yellow colour, 
more or less tinged with green, marked, especially on the sepals 
and petals, with blood-red spots. Sepals and petals much 
spreading, all lanceolate and acuminate, rather than acute, the 
latter the narrowest. Labellum with its claw surrounded by and 
united with the column, the rest spreading, deeply tripartite, 
bearing two prominent tubercles at the base of the" disc : side 
lobes nearly ovate, spotless, middle semiorbicular, spotted, taper- 
ing into a claw, rather deeply two-lobed, each lobe half-ovate ; 
all the lobes more or less serrated or fimbriated. Anther-case 
hemispherical, sunk into a toothed clinandrium. 

Fig. 1. Labellum. 2. Pollen-masses : — magnified. 


Titck, del. et.litli. 

Tab. 4760. 

Blotch-leaved Dichorisandra. 

Nat. Ord. Commeline^e. — Hexandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Fide supra, Tab. 4733.) 

Dichorisandra picta; foliis lato-eliipticis inucronato-acuminatis subtematitu 
approximatis fusco-maculatis, panicula terminali pluriflora, floribus hexan- 
dris dioicis (an semper?), petalis ovalibus obtusis. 

Dichorisandra picta. Hortulan. 

This mottled-leaved Dichorisandra has been for some years cul- 
tivated in the Royal Gardens of Kew, having been received from 
Mr. Low, of the Clapton Nursery, under the name we have here 
adopted, but which we can nowhere find published in books to 
which we have access, and the species does not appear to be 
described under any other name. It is very pretty in the spotted 
and glossy foliage, and the bright purple and white, somewhat 
fragrant, flowers. These latter are abortive, there being no per- 
fect pistil, and the stamens have scarcely the appearance of per- 
fect ones. The plant requires the heat of the stove, and is pre- 
sumed to be a native of Brazil. 

Descr. Our only plant of this is little more than a foot high, 
slightly branched; the branches jointed, short, clothed with brown 
sheaths. About three leaves are near the termination of a branch, 
approximate : they are four to five inches long, patent or even 
reflexed, broadly elliptical, their base forming a long sheath 
(ciliated at the mouth) upon the branch, the apex is suddenly 
and almost mucronately acuminate, the surface glabrous, full 
green above, often blotched with brown (which gives rise to the 
specific name) and marked with remote parallel striae or veins. 
The panicle is terminal, thyreoid, on a very shurt branch (in our 
plant), having a short peduncle, erect; peduncle and main racku 
downy. Bracteas rather small, acuminate. Flowers only male 

JANUARY 1ST, 1854. 

in our plant. Calyx (or outer perianth) of three sepals, oblong, 
concave, thin, membranaceous, green, spreading, obtuse. Petals 
three, spreading, oval, obtuse, larger and longer than the sepals, 
purple-blue, with a very clearly denned and white spot at the 
very base. Stamens six, erect. Filaments short, white. Anthers 
approximating into a cone, equal, subulate, blue, longer than the 
filament, the two cells opening by a single pore at the extre- 
mity. Ovary abortive, a conical, acuminated body. 

Fig. 1. Stamen. 2. Abortive pistil : — magnified. 


Tab. 4761. 
ANGR^ECUM eburneum. 

Ivory Any r cecum. 

Nat. Ord. Orchidace,e. — Gynandria Monanpria. 

Gen. Char. Terianthium patens. Sepala et petala subaequalia, libera. Label- 
lum sessile, cum basi columnae continuum, carnosum, indivisum, petalis multo 
latius ; calcare recto, cornuto, ssepius subcyliudraceo periantbio multo longiore, 
raro obcouico. Columna nana, subteres, raro elongata semiteres. Antliera bilo- 
cularis, truncata. Pollinia 2, bipartibilia ; cuudicula brevi, angustata ; glandule 
triangulari. — Epiphytrc caulescenfes. Folia coriacea, ligulata, apice obliqua. Flores 
solitarii v. racemosi, alii, nunc citrini vel herbacei. Lindl. 

AngrjEcum eburneum; caule simplici, foliis coriaceis lucidis apice obliquis 7—10- 
striatis, spicis multifloris secundis, labello cordato subrotundo cuspidato basi 
jugo elevato cristato, calcare sepalo supremo parallelo et diinidio longiore, 
ovario scabro. 

AngRjEcum eburneum. Thouars, Orchid. Jfr. t. 65. Achill. Richard, Orchid. 
Maurit.p. 71. Lindl. Bot. Reg. t. 1522. Gen. et Sp. Orchid, p. 245. 

Ltmodorum eburneum. Bory, Toy. v. 1. p. 359. t. 19. Willd. Sp. PI. v. 4. 
p. 125. 

ANGRiECTJM superbum. Thouars, Orchid. Jfr. tt. 62, 63, 64. Lindl. Gen. et Sp. 
Orchid, p. 245. 

Aerobion superbum. Spreng. Syst. Veget. v. 3. p. 716. 

It is not possible to render justice to this noble Orcliideous 
plant on a quarto page. All we can do is to give a reduced figure 
of the entire plant, and a portion of a leaf and of the spike of 
flowers of the natural size, as they appeared on our specimens at 
Kew, which we derived from the collection of the late Mr. 
Clowes. The species is a native of Madagascar and Bourbon, 
and is yet very rare, we believe, in our stoves. The first plant 
was imported by the Horticultural Society from the former is- 
land, through their collector, Mr. Forbes. The flowers have un- 
fortunately neither colour nor fragrance. 

Descr. Our plant is about two feet high ; the stem, except the 
very base of it, is clothed with large, sheathing, coriaceous, shin- 

•IANI ART 1st, 1854. 

ing, distichous, striated leaves, two inches broad, singularly ob- 
lique at the apex, carinate in the lower half. From between the 
lower leaves many stout radicles descend from the stem. Pe- 
duncle arising from near the base of the stem, jointed, sheathed 
with scales, bearing a spike of very large green and white flowers, 
which overtops the longest leaves. These flowers are distichous 
rather than secund, and are placed alternately back to back, with 
the apices of their labella all pointing one way. Sepals andpetals 
very much spreading, green, lanceolate. Labellum very large, 
broadly cordate, ivory-white, thick and fleshy in texture, concave 
in the centre, and bearing there an elevated cleft ridge, the apex 
is suddenly but shortly acuminated. Column very short, thick, 
greenish- white, bearing a hemispherical anther, firmly attached 
to its clinandrium*. Pollen-masses two, bipartite, yellow, broad, 
cuneate, waxy, approximate, with a narrow caudicle arising from 
a large, canaliculate, triangular gland. Stigma quite sunk in a 
hollow, and concealed beneath the clinandrium. 

The plate represents an entire plant, on a very reduced scale, the apex of a leaf, 
and the chief portion of a spike :— nat. size. Fig. 2. Pollen-masses : — magnified. 

* Dr. Lindley observes on this structure, and that of the concealed stigma, 
"This plant offers a striking instance of the precaution which Nature seems to 
have taken, to prevent direct contact between the pollen and the stigmatic sur- 
face, and at the same time of the skilful means by which an indirect communica- 
tion is substituted, so that no impediment may in reality exist to the process of 
fertilization, notwithstanding the apparent obstacles to its taking effect. The 
pollen is locked up in an anther, so firmly united to the top of the column, that 
nothing but actual force can remove it ; while the stigma is situated upon the 
face of the column, far beyond the reach of contact with the pollen. To establish 
the requisite communication, a narrow slip of the top of the column, proceeding 
from the edge of the stigma to beneath the anther, gradually separates from the 
surrounding tissue : the face of the anther opens along the middle of the cells, 
contracts, and allows the pollen-masses to glue themselves to the narrow slip, 
which is the caudicula ; at the same time, while this operation has been in pro- 
gress, a triangular portion of the front of the edge of the stigma has been adher- 
ing to the caudicula, and thus establishes the direct communication which is re- 
quired, afterwards separating, with the caudicula, under the form of the gland." 



Tab. 4762 
ALLOSORUS flexuosus. 

Zigzag Allosorus. 

Nat. Ord. Filices. — Ceyptogamia Filices. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4698.) 

Allosorus flexuosus ; scandens, fronde ampla divaricato-tripinnata, pinnulis al- 
ternis remotis cordato-ovatis obtusis glabris longiuscule petiolulatis, radii 
communi flexuosa, secundaria angulato-flexuosa, soris ad marginem utrinque 
continuis, caudice repente. 

Allosorus flexuosus. Kaulf. "Lid. Fil. MS." Kunze, Adit. Emm. Fil. Mexie. in 

Linncea, v. 13. p. 136. Kunze, in ScJikuhr, Fil. Si/ppl. p. 46. t. 23. 

Pteris flexuosa. Kaulf. MS. Linncea, v. 5. p. 614. (excl. syn.) Hook. Ic. Plant, 
v. 2. t. 119. 

Pteris cordata. Link, Hort. Berol. v. 2. p. 27. (excl. syn.) 

Platyloma flexuosa. J. Smith, Enum. Fit. in Bot. Mag. v. 72. comp.p. 21. 

Pell^ea flexuosa. Fee, Gen. Fil. p. 129. 

A graceful scan dent, but we should scarcely call it, as Kunze 
does, a " twining " Fern ; having assuredly its pinnules very much 
resembling those of Allosorus cordatus, figured at Tab. 4698 of 
our last volume : nor can we point out any specific difference, 
but that the latter has an erect habit, while this is flexuose in 
the main rachis, and quite zigzag in the secondary ones. For the 
character of the genus PeUaa, M. Fee places reliance on the 
colour, etc., of the stipites and principal nerves, black and shining, 
etc., as in Adiantum ; whereas his first species (the same as ours) 
and his second, or Pcllcea sagittata, are peculiarly pale, almost 
straw-coloured, in the stipites and principal nerves. It is a 
native of Peru and Mexico, and flourishes in a temperate Fern- 
house, requiring support in its cultivation. 

Descr. Our plants are from four to five feet long ; the rather 
short stipes and main rachis being flexuose, more or less downy, 
with soft patent hairs ; secondary rachises, or branches, long and 
straggling, often pendent or refracted, these are glabrous, or 
scarcely downy, singularly zigzag or angulato-flexuose, bearing 
■fAMAuv 1st, 1854. 

the ultimate rachises at the angles, and these generally are pin- 
nated with from three to five cordato-ovate, coriaceous, obtuse, 
petiolated pinnules ; the margin entire ; the surface glabrous, 
or rarely subpubescent ; the veinlets several times forked. The 
petioles are moderately long. The involucre is continuous along 
the two sides of the pinnule, reflected, apparently formed of its 
substance, but paler and more membranaceous, quite entire and 
covering the sorus, which is equally a continued line of cap- 
sules, whose origin however appears to be from the apices of 
the veinlets ; but this is a point very difficult of determination. 
If in a pteroid Pern the receptacle of the capsules occupies a 
considerable length on the terminal veinlets, we have then the 
Platyloma of Mr. J. Smith {Adiantum paradoxum of Mr. Brown) ; 
but such can hardly be said of the present species, which is 
likewise called by him Platyloma ; the additional character, ap- 
plied equally by Mr. J. Smith (as by M. Fee, to his Pellcea), of 
the ebeneous stipes and rachis, does not hold good here, as is 
above observed. 

Fig. 1. Fertile pinnule, seen from beneath. 2. Portion of a fertile pinnule, 
with the involucre raised to show the sorus : — magnified. 

/, 763. 


Tab. 4763. 


Two-coloured Cissus. 

Nat. Ord. Ampelide^e. — Tetrandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx liber, brevissimus, obsolete quaclri- v. rarissime quinque- 
lobus. Corolla petala 4, rarissime 5, disco hypogyno extus inserta, aequalia, 
concava, apice cucullata, sestivatione induplicatim valvata, sub anthesi patentia, 
decidua. Stamina 4 v. rarissime 5, cum petalis inserta, iisdem opposita ; jila- 
menta brevia; antherce biloculares, incumbentes, longitudinaliter dehiscentes. 
Ovarium liberum, disco plus minus immersum, biloculare. Ovida in loculis 
gemma, collateralia, e basi dissepimenti adscendentia, anatropa. Stylus brevis ; 
stigma capitatum. Bacca uni-bilocularis, abortu mono-disperma. Semina erecta, 
testa ossea, epidermide membranacea. Embryo in axi albuminis dense carnosi 
minimus, orthotropus; radicula infera. — Frutices sarmerdosi, scandentes, raris- 
sime arbores, inter tropicos totius orbis, imprimis tamen Asia crescentes, in sub- 
tropicis multo rariores ; foliis alternis, stipulatis, simplicibus v. compositis, pedatis 
v. rarius pinnatis bipinnatisve, scepe pellucido-punctatis, peliolatis, petiolo basi ar- 
ticulato ; ramis Jlori/eris oppositifoliis v. rarissime axillaribus, sterilibus in cirrho 
conversisj floribus cymosis, scepissime ad apicem ramulorum umbellatis, umbellis 
involucratisy pedicellis basi articulatis. Endl. 

Cissus discolor; caule seandente angulato, foliis cordato-oblongis acuminatis 
serratis subtus intense purpuveo-mbris supra albo-inaculatis, stipulis ovatis, 
pedunculo petiolo subsequilongo, cymis subtrifidis. 

Cissus discolor. Blume, Bijdrng. v. 1. p. 181. Hasskarl, Cat. Plant. Bogor. 
p. 166. Walp. Repert. Bot. v. 1. p. 437- 

Few plants can be less attractive in the flowers than the Cissus 
here represented, but assuredly none more lovely in the foliage. 
Its native country is Java ; but it has now for some few years 
been cultivated in the warm stoves of this country, where, trained 
in a good-sized pot, around a number of small sticks for support, 
it is sure to attract attention by the bright velvety green of the 
upper side of the foliage, spotted or mottled with white, the deep 
red purple of the underside, and the coral-red of the branches. 
The flowers are produced in September. We arc indebted for 
our plants to Messrs. Jackson, nurserymen, of Kingston, Surrey. 

Descr. Stems and branches twining; the latter bright red, 

rutRUARY 1st, 1ST, I. 

zigzag, angled. Leaves rather closely placed, alternate and dis- 
tichous, the lower and larger ones on rather long petioles, the 
upper smaller ones almost sessile ; all cordato-oblong, acuminate, 
glabrous (as is every part of the plant), penniveined, serrated, 
the serratures purple ; the veins connected by transverse veinlets, 
prominent beneath; the colour of the upper side deep velvety 
green, blotched or spotted with white, the spots lying in oblique 
lines between the primary veins, beneath deep red-purple. Sti- 
pules rather large, opposite, ovate, obtuse, somewhat fleshy, red. 
Tendrils, when present, arising from a point directly opposite to 
the insertion of the petiole, simple. Peduncles about as long as 
the petioles, opposite the leaves, reddish, bearing a rather small 
ternately divided cyme of greenish white flowers. Calyx hemi- 
spherical, truncated. Corolla of four ovato-oblong, obtuse, con- 
cave petals, inserted at the base of a large, fleshy, pale yellow, 
four-lobed ring. Stamens four, inserted at the base of the petals, 
and opposite to them. Filaments subulate, erect. Anthers ovate. 
Pistil sunk in the fleshy disc or ring, tapering upwards into a 
short thick style. Stigma obtuse. 

Pig. 1. Mower. 2. Pistil and calyx: — magnified. 

K.tch / 3a1 . et. ith: 


Tab. 4764. 

AMOMUM Danielli. 

Bastard Melligetta. 

Neat. Ord. ZingiberacejE. — Monandria Monogyma. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 4603.) 

Amomum Danielli; glabrum, caule elongate- folioso, foliis oblongo-lanceolatis 
tenui-acuminatis striato-venosis, scapis radicalibus floriferis 2 unc, fructi- 
feris 4-6 unc. longis 3-5-floris, bracteis oblongo-cymbiformibus obtusis, 
corolla? coccinese lobis lateralibus patentibus lanceolato-acuminatis dorsah 
ample- obovato-oblongo ceteris longiore, labello late obovato-subspathulato 
albo flavo roseoque picto patente rnargine undulato-crispato, filamento basi 
utrinque appendicula subulata aucto, fructu lineari-ampullaceo rostrato. 

AMOMUM Danielli. Hook. fl. in Journal of Bot. v. 4 (1852). />. 129. tab. 5 {in 
Tab. under the name of A. Afzelii). 

We have taken infinite pains with our correspondence m tro- 
pical Western Africa, to endeavour to procure authentic informa- 
tion respecting the Amomum, or Melligetta Peppers, as they arc 
usually called, of that coast. At our Tab. 4603 of this Magazine, 
we had the satisfaction of publishing a figure and description of 
the Amomum Grana-Paradisi of Linnaeus; and now we are able 
to illustrate another kind, of which till lately nothing had been 
known but by the figure given at page 1138 of vol. ii. of the 
late Dr. Pereira's ' Elements of Materia Medica,' the specimen of 
which he received from Dr. Daniell under the name of " Bastard 
Melligetta." That able author thought it might prove to be the 
Amomum Clusii of Sir J. E. Smith, in Rees's Cyclopaedia; but, 
as Dr. Hooker has shown, in the < Journal of Botany,' that is a 
point impossible to be determined by the description given m 
that work, and it is not the fruit so named of Sir James Smith s 
collection at the Linnean Society. The present species is a na- 
tive of the Gold and Slave Coasts, and about Clarence Town, in 
Fernando Po. The natives call it " Bassalo" With us it re- 
quires the heat of a moist stove ; and it is a highly ornamental 

FEBRUARY IsT, 1854. 

plant, richly coloured in the scales and bracts of the lower part 
of the stem and of the scapes, and in the large, handsome, orchi- 
deous-like flowers. We may observe, that the leaf figured in the 
' Journal' is much larger than any upon our growing plant. It 
may be a luxuriant state, or it may be the leaf of another kind, 
supposed to belong to the same by Dr. Daniell ; for of this the 
flowers not unfrequently appear before the leaves, and then col- 
lectors cannot be too careful to see that the leaves and flowers, 
and fruit too, all belong to the same species. 

Descr. The stems, two feet or more long, grow clustered and 
branching, with suckers, at the root ; scaly below, with large, 
reddish, imbricating, membranaceous scales. Leaves, the largest 
of them in our plants scarcely a span long, oblong-lanceolate, 
sharply acuminated, striated with oblique parallel nerves. The 
short scape proceeds from the very base of the stems, and is 
sheathed with large, red, boat-shaped scales, from within which 
appear in succession from three to five flowers. These latter 
are large and richly coloured j the three outer sepals fine red ; the 
spreading labellum whitish, tinged with rose-colour and yellow. 

Fig. 1. Ovary and inner scales : — magnified. 

., 765. 

Tab. 4765. 
CHEILANTHES farinosa. 

Mealy Cheilanthes. 

Nat. Ord. Filices. — Ckyptogamia Filices. 

Gen. Char. Sori subglobosi, marginales, plerumque dente vel lobulo demum 
reflexo frondis marginis siti. Involucrum primum plerumque punctiforme, semi- 
orbiculare v. reniforme v. oblongum, e dente v. lobulo textura fere frondis for- 
mat urn, v. membranaceum et diaphanum, integrum, fimbriatum v. ciliatum, 
magis minusve confluens, non raro continuum : nunc rarius subintramarginale. — 
Filices tropica vel extratropica, plerumque parva, rhizomatosa, vel radice caspitosa. 
Frondes caspitosa, glabrae vel piloses, lanuginosa vel squamosa, raro simpliciter 
pinnata, plerumque bi-tripinnala vel varie pinnatifida. Pinnulse laciniave parva. 
Stipites racliidesque plerumque ebenea. Venulas furcata, libera, apicibus uni- 

Cheilanthes farinosa; radice csespitosa, stipitibus elongatis ebeneis inferne 
squamosis, frondibus subcoriaceis spithamaeis et ultra deltoideo-ovatis lan- 
ceolatisve glabris pinnatis apice acuminatis pinnatifidis subtus albo-pulve- 
rulentis, pinnis sessilibus inferioribus subsemideltoideis basi bipinnatifidis, 
involucris suborbicularibus scariosis non raro confluentibus undulato-lobatis 
marginibus integris v. erosis. 

Cheilanthes farinosa. Kaulf. Emm. Ml. p. 212. Hook, et Grev. Ic.Fil. 1. 134. 
Hook. Gen. et Sp. Fit. v. 2. p. 77. 

Pteris farinosa. Forsk. Fl. Mjtjpt. Arab. p. 187. Valil, Symb. v. 3. t. 75. Sw. 
Syn. Fit. p. 105. 

Cheilanthes dealbata. Bon, Prodr. Fl. Nep. p. 16. Wall. Cat. n. 71 (excl. 
sub num. 4). Schimp. in Herb. It. Abyss, n. 1123. Kuuze in Linnaa, 
v. 24. p. 271. 

Pteris argyrophylla. Sw. Syn. Fil. p. 105. 

Pteris argentea. Bory. 

Pteris decursiva. Forsk. et Sw. 

Cassebeera farinosa. /. Sm. Cat. of Ferns in Kew Gard. Comp. Bot. Mag. 1846, 
p. 20. 

Aleuritopteris farinosa. Fee, Gen. Fil. p. 153. t. xii. B.f. 1. (sori distinct.) 

Aleuritopteris dealbata. Fee, Gen. Fil. I. c.f. 2. (sori confluent) 

An extremely pretty Fern, with glossy ebeneous stipites and 
rachises, dark green above, clothed beneath with a pure white 
and powdery substance. It is a native of Arabia, Abyssinia, of 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1854. 

the mountain districts of India generally, extending to Java and 
the Philippine Islands. Our specimens from Galeotti (n. 6551*), 
gathered at Oxaca, in Mexico, seem in no way different from that 
here figured. A plant of such widely extended locality, and a 
good deal variable in its involucres, has occasioned a great num- 
ber of synonyms, which we have taken infinite pains to unravel. 
It flourishes in a pot in a temperate greenhouse. 

Descr. Boots tufted. Stipites two to four inches long, black, 
glossy, scaly below. Fronds tufted, from a finger's length to a 
span long, subcoriaceous, deltoideo- ovate or sublanceolate, acu- 
minate, pinnated, pinnatifid at the apex, dark green above, 
glabrous and naked, white and powdery beneath. Lower pair of 
pinna remote, half-deltoid, bipinnatifid. Inferior segments of the 
base much longer than the opposite one. The rest of the pinnae 
are simply pinnatifid, with the segments oblong, obtuse, rarely 
crenate. Sori subglobose, on little lobules, of which the mar- 
gins are involute, and form the scariose suborbicular involucres : 
these are sometimes free and rather distant, usually more or less 
combined, and with the edges crisped or erose. 

* The same author's n. 6442 (his Clieilanthes Candida) is a different plant, 
and, judging from his figure, a Nothoclcena. 

Fig. 1. Back of a fertile segment, 2. Underside of a fertile segment:— 



Tab. 47(H). 


"Fragrant Warrea. 

Nat. Ord. Orciiide^e. — Gynandria Monaxdria. 

Gen. Clmr. Mores subglobosi, sabregnlam, mento brevi mandate. TxiheVum 
continuum, indivisum, lineis clevatis ciniosis in medio. Column- 
clavata. Pollinia 4, per paria in caudiculam brevem linearem insert*, ijlandul-a 
triangulari. — Herba terrestris, pseudo-biilbow. Folia arnndinacea. Scapus radi- 
cals apioe racemosus (p. unijlorus). Flora speciosi. Lindl. 

Waurea quad-rata ; labelli lobo medio orbiculari retuso lateralibu3 semiovati*- 
conniventibus, appendice carnosa subquadrata sulcata apice obtuse triden- 
tata. Lindl. 

Warrea quadrata. Lindl. in Gard. Citron. 1853,^. Til?. 

The only notice we have of this rare Orchideous plant is in 
the 'Gardeners' Chronicle/ above quoted, where Dr. Lmdley 
has described the plant from the garden of Mc>>r>. Jackson, of 
Kingston, from whose collection our plant was received (the 
plant here figured) in November of the same year. It has ft very 
peculiar habit ; the flowers are large and fragrant ; and the 
species is said to be a native of Central America, introduced by 
Mr. Warszewicz to our stoves. Dr. Lindley notices its affinity 
with Warrea discolor, " both in habit and general form. The 
flowers however are larger and more fleshy, with no purple but 
in the centre and upper half of the lip. It is essentially known 
by the appendix at the base of the lip being nearly square, about 
three-toothed in front, and deeply furrowed ; that of W. discolor 
is uniformly digitate in all the specimens I have seen." 

Descr. Pseudo-bulbs apparently none in our plant. From a 
few large, fleshy, fibrous roots, a cluster of leaves rises nearly 
erect, a span or more long, very obscurely veined, oblong, 
shortly but narrowly acuminated, plain or slightly carinate, 
jointed upon a narrowed but conduplicatc base: there a few 
brownish scales at the base of these haves. Scapes radical, 
from within the leaves, but shorter than the leaves, erect, with 

FEBRUARY ] ST, 1854. 

two or three sheathing scales at the base, bearing a single in- 
clined or drooping, large, sweet-scented floiver. Sepals white, 
or very pale greenish straw-colour, lanceolate; the lateral ones 
singularly reflexed and twisted. Petals of the same colour, 
ovato-lanceolate, recurved. Lip very large, projecting, between 
orbicular and obovate, three-lobed, the lateral lobes ovate, ob- 
tuse, involute, middle lobe very broad retuse : the colour is 
white, with a broad purple margin, and a few purplish streaks 
on the disc. At the base is a large, shield-like, nearly square 
disc, radiated with a few furrows, and streaked with purple, the 
edge emarginate, with three obscure teeth at the apex. Column 
short, covered by the side-lobes of the labellum, white. 

Fig. 1. Labellum. 2. Column. 3. Pollen-masses: — magnified. 

Note.— At our Tab. 4759, for "Mr. Stamford's Epidendrum," read "Earl 
of Stamford's Epidendrum." At the time the description was drawn up, we had 
not access to our copy of Mr. Bateman's Orchidece of Mexico and Guatemala, 
where alone, as far as we know, the explanation of the name is given. 

/, 76V. 

Tab. 4767. 
GOLDFUSSIA glomerata ; var. speciosa. 

Clustered Goldfussia ; showy-flowered var. 

Nat. Ord. Acanthace^e. — Didynamia Angiospermia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx 5-partitus, subsequalis. Corolla infundibuliformis, limbo 
5-fido obtuso sequali. Stamina inclusa, didynama, hexmiliora sa^pe brevissiraa, 
reflexa. Antherm rmtantes ; loculi in connectivo unciuato glanduloso obliqui, 
ovati, membranacei. Stigma simplex, subulatum, altero latere crenatura, irrita- 
bile. Capsula 6-angularis, 2-valvis, a dissepimento facile solubilis, loculis infe- 
rius 2-spermis. Semina discoidea, retinaculis subtensa. — Frutices India orien- 
talis, foliis serratis penninervibus, curvinervibus, nervis omnibus apicem petentibus, 
nee vero attingentibus. Flores pauci in capitulo, bibracteolati, bracteis deciduis, ra- 
rius spicatis ; spica post delapsas bracteas magis elongata. Capitula pedunculata, 
pedunculo simplici vet diviso. DC. 

Goldfussia glomerata; caule fruticuloso hirsuto, foliis inaequabbus, altero ovato 
cuspidato mxequaliter dentato-crenato multiplinervi, altero multo minore 
ovato-subrotundo, basi obtusis valde insequalibus spicisque axillaribus oppo- 
sitis solitariis globosis brevissime pedunculatis hirsutis, bracteis lanceolatis 
integerrimis, interioribus capitulum aequantibus. Nees. 

a. Jloribus pallide lilacinis. 

Goldfussia glomerata. Nees in Wall. PI. Asiat. Bar. v. 3. p. 88. Hook. Bot. 
Mag. t. 3881. Nees in Be Cand. Prodr. v. l\.p. 173. 

Huellia glomerata. Wall. Cat. n. 2361 Us. 

0. floribus purpureis speciosis. (Tab. Nostr. 4767.) 

We received this plant from the Botanic Garden at Mauritius, 
under the name of Buettia glomerata (now Goldfussia), which 
species is a native of Silhet, according to Wallich, and is 
figured at Tab. 3881 of this Magazine, with pale greyish-lilac 
flowers, as they appeared at the Botanic Garden of Edinburgh 
in 1841. Our present plant, nevertheless, we believe to be the 
same species, but possessing the advantage of really fine, showy 
flowers, of a full, if not bright purple, and there is a rich tinge, 
too, upon the foliage, occasioned by the copious ferruginous 
hairs. It is treated with us as a stove-plant, and flowers in No- 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1854. 

Descr. Plant a foot to eighteen inches high, erect, branched ; 
branches knotted at the joints, nearly terete, clothed, as well as 
the leaves and all the herbaceous part of the plant, with spread- 
ing, ferruginous hairs, most copious on the young foliage. 
Leaves on rather short petioles, opposite, very unequal in size ; 
one of each pair large, ovate, acuminate ; the opposite one very 
much smaller and subrotund ; all of them are strongly and 
somewhat duplicato-serrate, and very unequal at their base. Pe- 
duncles solitary, axillary, bearing a somewhat capitate cluster of 
three to five bracteated fotvers, one of each cluster only opening 
at a time. Outer bractea concealing the flower-buds and calyces 
of the fully-expanded flowers, linear-lanceolate, coarsely serrated, 
erecto-patent. Calycine bracteas two, opposite, erect, more than 
half as long as the calyx, entire. Calyx deeply cut into five 
erect, lanceolate, almost hispid segments, somewhat unequal. 
Corolla large, handsome, deep purple. Tube between cylindrical 
and funnel-shaped. Limb oblique, large, of five nearly regular, 
subrotund, emarginate, and crisped spreading lobes. Stamens 
quite included within the tube, two long and two short : all four 
have oblong-ovate, one-celled, perfect anthers. Ovary oblong- 
cylindrical, seated on a large, fleshy, orange-coloured disc. Style 
very long, curved. Stigma subulate. 

Fig. 1. Calyx and its bracts. 2. Stamens. 3. Pistil : — magnified. 



Tab. 4768. 

Pinnated Hound 's- Tongue \ 

Nat. Ord. Filices. — Cryptogamia Filices. 

Gen. Char. Sori lineares, oppositi, inferior in venula superiore, superior in 
venula proxima inferiora. Inwlucrum lineare, planum, marginibus liberis op- 
positis contiguis aut distantibus. Fence pinnatse, interna?, uni-bifurcatae, venulis 
parallelis apice libero in punctum incrassato aut acuto terminatis. — Rhizoma sub- 
rotundum aut repens. Frondes fasciculate, subcoriacea, simplices, integerrima vel 
lobatce, nunc pinnatce. 

Scolopendrium Krebsii; stipitibus fasciculatis brevibus crinitis, frondibus sub- 
coriaceis lato-lanceolatis acuminatis pinnatis glabris subtus nunc minute 
punctatim squamulosis, pinnis approximatis sessilibus e lata basi utrinque 
auriculatis oblongo-lanceolatis acuminatis subsinuatis, infimis remotis del- 
toideis reflexis, involucris oblongo-linearibus margine minute ciliatis. 

Scolopendbium Krebsii. Kunze, in Linnaa, v. 18. p. 118. Fee, Gen. Fil. 
p. 209. 

Onychium Krebsii. Kunze, in linnaa, v. 10. p. 594. 

A native of South-eastern Africa, about Graham's Town and 
Natal, whence we have received original specimens from the 
late Professor Kunze, gathered by M. Krebs and by M. Guein- 
zius. The general aspect is so unlike that of our own Scolopen- 
drium {vulgare), having more the habit of Nephrolopis, or some 
other aspidioid plant, that, without a careful inspection oi the 
fructification, few would suspect it to be of this genus. Kunze 
indeed, in the first instance, described it as an Onyc/mim; and 
even in his figure of the species as Scolopendrium Krebsii, he 
introduces a frond with the sori forming two almost uninter- 
rupted lines, parallel with, and close to, the midrib : thus no- 
ticed by Fee,—" 8. Krebsii (ex Kunzio) sporothecia biiormia 
producit, aliis sporothecia Scolopendrii, aliis Lomarue sporothecia 
referentibus;"— but to me this sort of fructification more re- 
sembles that of a Doodia or Woodwardia. The figure probably 
belongs to some very different Fern. The species requires a 
temperate greenhouse for its successful cultivation. 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1851. 

Descr. From an underground, thick, oblique rhizome, the 
short, green, succulent stipites arise, in a tufted form, and are 
crinite with brown, subulate, shining scales. Fronds a foot or 
more long, erect, broad-lanceolate, acuminate, subcoriaceous, 
glabrous, pinnated, the apex pinnatifid. Pinna approximate 
(except the lowest ones, which are small, deltoid, and reflected), 
spreading, sessile from a broad base auriculated on each side, 
oblong-lanceolate, acuminate, beneath often dotted with exceed- 
ingly minute deciduous scales, costate ; veins pinnated, forked, 
the apex clavate, terminating just within the margin. Sori 
broad-linear, in pairs. Involucres of the same shape, in pairs, 
opening towards each other, ciliated at the margin, one of each 
pair arising from the superior side of a superior branch of a fork, 
the opposite one from the lower side of the branch of the fork 
next above it. 

Fig. 1. Portion of a fertile pinna, seen from beneath : — magnified. 2. Smaller 
portion of a fertile pinna : — more magnified. 

tJ-p err rR-b»f 

Tab. 4769. 
allosorus calomelanos. 

Deltoid-leaved Allosorus. 

Nat. Ord. Filices. — Cryptogamia Filices. 
Gen. C/iar. (Fide supra, Tab. 4698.) 

Allosorus calomelanos ; frondibus csespitosis subcoriaceis (ramis simpliciter 
pinnatis) oblongo-triangularibus bipinnatis, pinnulis omnibus petiolulatis 
cordato- (raro subhastato-) triangularibus obtusissimis integerrimis nunc 
subtrilobis sinuatisve, sinu angusto profundo, venis dichotome radiatis, 
soris marginalibus continuis, involucris membranaceis, stipitibus brevius- 
culis basi paleaceis rachibusque omnibus gracilibus atro-ebeneis nitidis. 

Allosorus calomelanos. Presl, Tent. Plerid.p. 153. 

Pteris calomelanos. Swartz, Syn. Til. p. 106. Willd. Sp. Plant, v. 5. p. 393. 
Schlecht. Adumbr. Til. Cap. p. 43. t. 24. 

Pteris hastata. Thunb. Cap. ed. Schdtes, p. 733. 

Platyloma calomelanos. J. Sm. in Comp. to Bot. Mag. 1846. p. 21. 

Pelljea calomelanos. Link, Til. Hort. Berol.p. 61. Tee, Gen. Til. p. 129. 

Professor Kunze observes of this Fern, " Planta distinctissima, 
notissima, habitu quodammodo a genere (Pteride) discedit ; sed 
neque ad Jllosorum, neque ad Cheilanthem pertinet, et veros 
Pteridis characteres offert." Whatever may be the views of 
botanists with regard to the separation of Allosorus from Pteris, 
there can be no question of this Fern belonging to the same 
group of Pteridea, with what Kunze himself has considered true 
Allosori; A. cordatus (see our Tab. 4698) and A. fiexuosus (our 
Tab. 4762) for example. Generically those plants never can be 
separated. Then again those who are most united in pro- 
nouncing those two genera distinct, are quite at variance as to 
the name that should be given to the majority of the so-called 
Allosori of Presl. The group in question is named Platyloma of 
J. Smith, and he confines the name Allosorus to Mr. Brown's 
genus Cryptogramma, which undoubtedly the author of "Alloso /•/<*' 
(Bernhardi) included in it, but mixed with other Ferns so widely 

MARCH 1st, 1854. 

different in habit and character, that M. Tee throws the name 
aside altogether, and adopts Link's Pettaa for the mass of Alio- 
sorus of Presl. Our present plant is a native of the Cape of 
Good Hope, in mountainous districts, growing in rocky places, 
at elevations above the level of the sea varying from 500 to 
4000 feet, according to Drege. It is an elegant and graceful 
Fern, with fronds of a delicate bright green, and glossy ebeneous 
stipites and rachises. It requires protection from the frost, and 
flourishes in a cool greenhouse, with a northern aspect. 

Descr. Boots tufted. Stipites several from one point, two, 
four, or five inches long, ascending or erect, the base woolly, 
with copious, curly, paleaceous scales ; the rest black, ebeneous, 
as are all the rachises, and slender. Fronds bipinnated (rarely 
simply pinnated, with three or five pinnules), triangular-oblong, 
subcoriaceous, bright clear green ; primary pinnae distant ; pin- 
nules subapproximate, often imbricating, rather large, triangulari- 
cordate, very obtuse, sometimes approaching to hastate or three- 
lobed, and sometimes sinuated, all with a deep sinus at the base, 
and petiolulated : veins all radiating from the sinus, numerous, 
two or three times dichotomous ; sori narrow, continuous roun d 
the margin. Involucre entire, pale, membranaceous. 

Fig. 1. Fertile pinnule, seen from beneath; — magnified. 2. Portion of a 
sorus : — more magnified. 


Fitch, del. etitk. 

Tab. 4770. 
PITCAIRNIA muscosa. 

Hoary Pitcairnia. 

Nat. Ord. BbomeliacEjE— Hexandiua Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4241.) 

Pitcaiknia muscosa; foliis linearibus recurvatis acuminatis integemmis infernc 
carinatis supra demum glabra subtus cauleque folioso ■cincreo-tomentosis, 
racemo simplici, bractcis subulatis pedicellos subaxpiantibus, flonbus ap- 
proximatis rubris, calwibus coloratis, petalis subgaleatis basi nudis. 

Pitcairnia muscosa. Martius, II. Bras. ined. Schultes, Syst. Veg. v. l.p. 1240. 

Received from the Imperial Gardens of St. Petersburg, under 
the name here retained; for it seems to be identical with that 
species, published in the last volume of < Schultes' Systema Vege- 
tabilium,' in which case it is a native of Brazil, Serra de Piedade, 
Province of Minas Geraes, Brazil. It requires the heat ot the 
stove, grows in tufts, and, being a free winter flowerer, it enlivens 
the shelf with its red blossoms in mid-winter, its flowering season 
with us being the month of December. It is perhaps the smallest 
species of the genus yet known in cultivation. 

Descr. Several plants grow together in a tufted manner. 
The leaves are principally radical, the longest of them nearly a 
span in length, linear, much and finely acuminated quite entire, 
subcoriaceous, recurved, carinated in the lower half, when young 
all over downy, the adult ones glabrous and dark green above, 
below woolly, with a whitish or pale grey down or scurf. Mem 
about twice as long as the longest leaves, erect, not so thick as 
a writing pen, very woolly, terete, sparingly leafy, with the leaves 
gradually smaller, and more bracteiform upwards so as to pass 
into erect braeteas, of which those at the base of the pedicels are 
about equal in length to the pedicels. Racemes erect, six ten, 
or twelve-flowered. Pedicels erect, a little more than halt an 
inch long. Flowers erect, or nearly so, two inches long, red. 
Calyx of three lanceolate sepals, erect, red, tipped with green, 

MARCH 1st, 1854. 

nearly half as long as the corolla. Corolla of three linear, con- 
volute, oblique petals, so arranged as that the upper portions 
form a sort of helmet on the anthers, destitute of scale at the 
base within. Stamens six, nearly as long as the petals. Fila- 
ments and linear anthers white. Ovary oval, with three longi- 
tudinal furrows. Style as long as the stamens ; stigma of three 
linear, spirally-twisted lobes. 

Kg. 1. Petal. 2. Pistil -.—magnified. 


Tab. 4771. 
exacum macranthum. 

Large-flowered Bwacum. 

Nat. Ord. Gentiane^. — Pentandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. (Fide supra, Tab. 4340.) 

Exacum macranthum ; caule teretiusculo subsimplici, foliis sessilibus elliptico- 
lanceolatis basi apiceque magis minusve attenuatis trinerviis, calycis 5-par- 
titi segmentis ovato-lanceolatis acuminatis, alis seraisubulatis, core-life in- 
tense purpureas lobis late ovatis acuminatis, antheris in conum conniventibus, 
stylo declinato. 

Exacum macranthitm. Am. in Ann. des Sc. Nat. v. 11. p. 175. Griseb. Gent, 
p. 111. in De Candolle Prodr. v. 9. p. 46. 

For our first knowledge of this most lovely gentianoid plant 
we are indebted to the late Mrs. General Walker, who communi- 
cated specimens to us from the mountains of Ceylon, elevation 
6000 feet, and we owe the possession of it in our gardens to our 
valued friend Mr. Thwaites, who sent the seeds from Ceylon 
about two years ago, to Kew and to Dublin. Mr. Moore, of the 
Glasnevin Botanical Garden, Dublin, was so good as to forward 
a living flowering plant to us in December, 1853, from which 
our present drawing and description are made. The flowers 
bear no small resemblance to those of the well-known Solatium 
Amazonicum (Nycterium, Ker), especially in the connivent sta- 
mens and declinate style ; but the colour of the flower is a much 
deeper and richer purple. The bright stamens are well set off in 
contrast with the purple of the corolla. It has been cultivated 
hitherto in a stove ; but there is reason to suppose that it will 
prove only an annual, or biennial at most. It is a species at 
once distinguished from Exacum Zeylanicum (Tab. nostr. 4423), 
by the terete stems and sharp lobes of the corolla. 

Descr. Root imperfectly fusiform and branched. Stem a foot 
to near a foot and a half high (in our Herbarium), nearly terete 
the whole length, glabrous, copiously leafy below, distantly so 

MARCH L8T, 186 I 

above, very slightly branched. Lower leaves almost obovate, and 
short,' gradually longer and larger, and more acuminate upward : 
the usual form is between elliptical and lanceolate, tapering at 
both extremities; all are opposite, sessile, quite entire, and strongly 
marked with three parallel nerves. Corymb terminal, bearing 
several large, handsome, richly coloured flowers, on moderately 
long slender peduncles. Calyx large, somewhat inflated, deeply 
cut into five lanceolato-subulate segments ; a wing appears down 
the middle of each segment, which, from being broad on the tube, 
gradually loses itself on the lobe. Corolla rotate, of five large, 
broad, ovate, spreading, deep purple segments, rather oblique. 
Stamens five. Filaments short ; anther large, yellow, linear-su- 
bulate, approximating into a cone, each opening by two pores at 
the extremity. Ovary oval, glabrous. Style filiform, declined. 
Stigma subcapitate, obscurely two-lipped. 

Pig. 1. Stamen. 2. Pistil: — magnified. 



Tab. 4772. 
SACCOLABIUM denticulatum. 

Toothed Saccolabium. 

Nat. Ord. Orchideje. — Gynandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Clwr. Perianthium explanatum, patens. Sepala petalis ecquaHa, lateralia, 
ssepius majora. Labellum indivisum, calcaratum, basi colurnnae accretura. Columna 
erecta, semiteres, rostello subulato. Anttera semibilocularis. Pollinia 2, sub- 
globosa, caudicula elongata, glandula minuta. — Herba? epiphyte, caulescentes. 
Folia disticha, coriacea, apice scepius obliqua. Flores axillares, racemosi v. 
solitarii. LindL 

Saccolabium denticulatum ; caule repente radicoso, foliis lineari-oblongis acutis- 
simis, racemis corymbosis folio brevioribus, sepalis petalisque subsimilibus 
obovato-spathulatis patentibus, labelli calcare globoso amplo utrinque uni- 
dentato perianthio sequali, lamince lato-triangularis margine densissime 
glanduloso-fimbriato, columna brevi denticulata. 

Saccolabium denticulatum. Paxton, Mag. of Bot. v.l.p. 145. cum Ic. 

Said to be a native of Khasya in Eastern Bengal, introduced 
to our stoves in 1837, and among the Orchideous collection be- 
queathed to Kew by the late Mr. Clowes. It is a plant of little 
show, but the flowers are exceedingly beautiful when minutely 
examined, and they are prettily variegated in regard to colour. 
It flowers with us in November. 

Descr. Stems a span or more long, thicker than a swan's 
quill, here and there throwing out large fleshy unbranched vermi- 
cular roots. Leaves rather remote, distichous, four to five inches 
long, patent or reflexed, linear, oblong, acute, one-nerved, some- 
what fleshy, articulated upon the sheath, often obliquely twisted. 
Peduncles" lateral, extra-axillary, much shorter than the leaves, 
terete, thickened upwards, bearing a corymbose or almost umbel- 
late raceme of numerous small flowers, elegantly marked and 
spotted with red, white, and yellow. Sepals and petals free, 
spreading horizontally, nearly uniform in size and colour, obovato- 
spathulate, externally green, within olive-brown, spotted with 

march 1st, 1854. 

bright red. Labellum, the greater part of it is formed by the 
nearly globose spur, white, fleshy, large, tinged with yellow, 
having a tooth on each side in front ; the lamina or lip resembles 
a broad white triangular appendage to the spur, reflexed and 
and,' margined with a deep white fringe of delicate glandular 
hairs ; the disc of this lamina is dotted with red. Column very 
short, toothed at the sides, red. Anther-case nearly hemi- 

Figs. 1 and 2. Views of the flower, from which the sepals and petals have 
been removed : — magnified. 

. I 

Tab. 4773. 
ASTROCARYUM rostratum. 

Beak-sheathed Astrocaryum. 

Nat. Ord. PalmjE. — Moncecia Hexandria. 

Gen. Char. Mores monoici in eodem spadice, spatha simplici fusiforrai ventre 
aperto lignescente diu persistente cincto. — Masc. in superiore ramorum parte 
densi, in alveolis sessiles. Calyx exterior 3-partitus v. 3-fidus, tener, basi pro 
trajicientibus vasis pervius ; laciniis 3-angularibus, acutis ; interior 3-partitus vel 
subtrisepalus ; laciniis oblongo-lanceolatis, erectis, merabranaceis vel basin ver- 
sus carnosiusculis. Stamina abortu 6, ex imo calyce interiore orta, sepalis inte- 
rioribus per paria opposita, raro plura, plerumque parum exserta (inclusa, Endl.); 
Jilamenta filiformia, erecta ; antherce Uneari-subsagittatae, dorso affixse, incumben- 
tes. Ovarii rudimentum minimum, stigmatibus tribus subulatis. — F(EM. infra 
masculorum spicas solitarii, in rachi vel in pedunculi parte dilatata sessiles ; 
bractea marginali duplici, obvoluti. Calyx exterior urceolatus, obiter 3-dentatus, 
pergameneus, nervosus, sicciusculus ; interior urceolatus, carnosus, ore contracto 
subdentato, tandem irregulariter trifido, intus basi in annulum membranaceum 
elevatus, uti exteiior, foraraine orbiculari pervius. Ovarium ovatum, loculis 2 
rudimentariis 1-loculare. Stylus 1. Stigmata 3, in corpus floccoso-gelatinosum 
conicum vel lobatum confluentia. ' Drupa ovata vel subglobosa, 1-sperma ; carne 
crassiuscula, valide fibrosa : putamine osseo, vertice 3-poroso. Nuclei testa venosa. 
Albumen sequabile, corneum, album, centro cavum. Embryo intra porum apicalis. 

Palmse mediocris altitudinis, rarius acaules, locis sylvaticis humentibus calidis 
sparsce vel subcaspitosce degentes. Caudex, exceptis annulis, undique aculeis validis 
atris horridus. Frondes omnes terminates, pinnata, pinnis linearibus, approxima- 
tis, aculeato-ciliatis, aubtus plerumque argenteo-albis ; petiolis aculeatis. Spadices 
simpliciter ramosi, aculeis vel setis horridi, seepius albo-iomentosi, spatbis lignes- 
centibus aculeatis inclusi, inter frondes persistentes. Flores masculi fiavescentes, 
densi, spicati, prqfunde immersi ; foeminei virescenti- vel ochroleuco-pallidi. Drupa? 
flavce vel aurantiacce, Jibroso-carnosee, calyce persistente stipatce, inermes vel spinu- 
losce. Kth. 

Astrocaeyum rostratum ; caudice brevi, fonis lato-oblongis apice fissis, pinnis 
linearibus sjepissime connatis acuminatis aculeato-cibatis subtus albo-furfura- 
ceis, stipitibus rachique subtus spathisque cymbiformibus rostratis homde 
patentissime aculeatis, spadicis pedunculo aculeis erectis, florum masculorum 
alveolis margine" dense albo-lanatis, calycibus minutis foernineorum sessibum 
solitariis, drupis obovatis rostratis dense setoso-aculeatis, aculeis patentis- 

The Palms in the noble house recently built for their reception 
in the Royal Gardens of Kew, are beginning to feel the benefit 

■ARCH 1st, 1854. 

of their translation from the old stoves, many of them growing 
with a rapidity almost incredible to those who do not witness 
it, exhibiting something of their native character, and not a few 
of them bearing flowers and fruit; so that we shall take ad- 
vantage of our success, and from time to time present figures 
in the pages of our Magazine. But here, at the first intro- 
duction as it were of our design, we meet with difficulties of no 
ordinary kind, in endeavouring to ascertain the correct nomen- 
clature of the species. The present one for example, received 
from Bahia, Brazil, has been long cultivated at Kew under the 
name of Astrocaryum Ayri : but we find it much at variance with 
the A. Ayri figured and described by Martius ; the nature and 
direction of the aculei, the leaflets or pinna?, the shape and size 
of the spatha being altogether at variance, nor can we find that 
it better accords with any other described species of the genus ; 
so that nothing remains for us (presuming that the known spe- 
cies are correctly described) but to consider our plant as a new 
species, and to characterize it accordingly. The name is derived 
from the evident rostrum or beak of the spatha, and the fruit is 
no less distinctly rostrate. 

Descr. Our tallest plants stand about ten feet high including 
the leaves. Caudex, to the springing of the lowest leaves, erect, 
scarcely a foot high, closely annulated with the scars of the fallen 
leaves, and there quite unarmed. Leaves six to eight feet long, 
including the petiole, which is about equal in length with the 
blade, and is densely clothed with a mass of short bristly prickles 
or aculei, intermixed with a great number of long and strong 
black ones, hard and rigid, two to four inches long, triangular, 
glossy : the blade of the leaf is oblong, split at the apex, formed 
of a very great number oipinnce, which are two to three feet long, 
linear, acuminate, less than an inch wide in the broadest part, 
costate and with two parallel nerves on each side the midrib ; the 
margin ciliated with distant black aculeiform seta?, single or 
twinned, above dark green, naked, and somewhat below glaucous, 
apparently from a minute scurfy covering, and rough to the touch 
with minute black raised points. Spatha axillary, on a short 
stipes, erecto-patent, pale greyish-brown, a foot or rather more 
long, cymbiform, thick-coriaceous, almost woody, terminating in 
a distinct narrow beak, opening outwardly, externally (except 
the beak) covered with innumerable patent (below a little de- 
flexed), strong, black aculei, from half an inch to an inch long. 
The whole interior is occupied by a compound stalked spike of 
numerous closely placed whitish or cream-coloured flowers ; the 
stalk or petiole downy, with a few appressed bracts and appressed 
black prickles. Spikclcts cylindrical, clothed with male flowers; 
some of them having a solitary female flower at the base. The 

rachis is alveolate, and the margin of each alveole is woolly : the 
flowers are all sessile or a little sunk in the alveoles. Male 
flower : — Calyx minute, trifid. Corolla tripartite ; the seg- 
ments ovate. Stamens six, inserted on the corolla. Filaments 
subulate. Anther oblong, scarcely exserted : in the centre is the 
rudiment of an ovary. Female flower : — Calyx minute, three- 
lobed, and, as well as the tripartite corolla, clothed with dp- 
pressed acicular prickles. Ovary ovate, similarly aculeate : style 
short : stigma trifid. Fruit an obovate, almost orange-coloured 
drupe, with a beaked apex, everywhere echinated with sharp 
black spreading aculei. 

Kg. 1. Male flower. 2. Female flower -.—magnified. 3. Fruit -.—natural 
size. The figure in the background is a much reduced plant of Jstrocaryum 

citdi, djfci. eL.litii 

F. Reeve, imp- 

Tab. 4774. 


Spotted-flowered Heintzia. 

Nat. Ord. GESNEMACEiE. — Didynamia Angiospermia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx liber, quinquepartitus, subinaequalis, pcrsistens, lobis ban 
nervo medio excrescente callosis, aestivatione valvata. Corolla bypogyna, infun- 
dibuliformis, extus supra basin ad marginem lirabi tomentosa, tubo subcurvato, 
limbo quinquepartito inaequali subbilabiato, laciniis subcordato-orbiculatis, paten- 
tibus, duabus superioribus minoribus, tribus inferioribus paulo majoribus. Sta- 
mina quatuor, didynama, inclusa j flamenta subulata, basi dilatata, in tubum postice 
fissum coalita, hie corollae tubo adnata ; antlieree per paria cohaerentes, biloculares, 
ovatas. Ovarium liberura, disco annulari cinctum, tomentosura, uniloculare, pla- 
centis duabus parietalibus, bilobis; ovida plurima in funicidis longissimis ana- 
tropa. Stylus simplex, teres, longitudine filaraentorum minorum. Stigma infuu- 
dibuliforme, subbilobum. Fructus carnosus, unilocularis, corticatus, deraum bi- 
valvis, valvis medio placentiferis. Semina plurima in pulpa nidulantia, ovalia vel 
obovata, testa Crustacea spiraliter striata. Embryo in axi albuminis oleosi parci 
cylindricus ; cotyledonibus brevissimis applicatis, radicula umbilico proxima tereti. 
Karst. in Walp. 

Heintzia tigrina. 

Heintzia tigrina. Karsten in Otto and Dietr. Allgm. Gart. Zeit. v. 17. p. 33. 

and Answ. Schonbliihend. Gwclise. Fenezuel.v. 34. t. 11. Walp. Amial. Bol. 

v. 2. p. 1075. 

A rather showy stove-plant, but with coarse foliage ; for the 
possession of which at Kew we are indebted to Mr. Lowe, of the 
Clapton Nursery. It is a native of Caraccas, and is considered 
by some continental botanists to form a new genus of Gesneri- 
acece ; a family of plants however, all the individuals of which, 
as we have before had occasion to observe, require a thorough 
revision, and remodelling of their genera. When taken up in 
an isolated manner by those who are not familiar with the gene- 
ral structure of the whole, slight modifications in the form of the 
corolla or calyx, or in the nature of the hypogynous glands, will 
be magnified into real generic distinctions, though perhaps only 
of specific importance. As a genus, it cannot be far removed 

april 1st, 1854. 

from Drymonia and Besleria. We had not the opportunity of 
examining the perfect flowers from which the drawing was made, 
and therefore abstain from offering an opinion on the value of 
Mr. Karsten's new genus. With us it flowers in mid- winter. 

Descr. Stems from two to three or even five feet high (ac- 
cording to some, obscurely tetragonal), nearly terete, erect, 
branched, red, downy. Leaves large, opposite, of a somewhat 
thick and fleshy nature, ovate, acuminate, strongly serrated, 
downy above, hoary and pale beneath, with a strong costa and 
many parallel veins, which are prominent beneath, the base 
tapering into the rather long, succulent petioles, which are also 
downy and reddish. The inflorescence is axillary, and described 
as umbelliform, but in our plant the peduncles are simple, single- 
flowered, bibracteated at the base, as long, including the flower, 
as the petioles. Mowers erect or nearly so, of moderate size. 
Calyx very large, pale yellow-green, tinged with red, truncated 
at the base, deeply cut into five, long, ovate, serrated lobes. Co- 
rolla white, infundibuliform, half as long again as the calyx : tube 
white, woolly. Limb of five, equal, rounded, spreading, orbicu- 
lar, spotted lobes, the margins entire, the surface spotted with 
purple. Stamens and style downy, included. Ovary ovate, downy, 
with a rather obscure annulus at the base. 

Kg. 1. Pistil: — magnified. 


Filck, d el et.ttk 

F. Jxee.v©,imp- 

Tab. 4775. 

Long-leaved Pitcairnia. 

Nat. Ord. BbomeliacEjE. — Hexandria MonocxYnia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4241.) 

Pitcairnia longifolia ; caule erecto elongato simplici dense annulate-, foliis 
longissimis (4-pedalibus) e lata basi amplexante striato pubescente lanceo- 
latis acuminatissimis supra basin insigniter attenuatis viridibus spinuloso- 
ciliatis, paniculse terminalis ramis racemosis, floribus secundis, pedicellis 
bracteolatis, sepalis subulatis viridibus corolla coccinea triplo brevioribus, 
petalis convolutis coccineis apicibus unilateralibus basi intus squamosis, sta- 
minibus styloque subexsertis corolla paulo brevioribus. 

A distinct and well-marked species of Pitcairnia, which was 
received from Lima, in 1852, through Mr. William Nation ; rea- 
dily distinguished by the elongated stem or caudex, more than 
an inch thick, annulated by the closely-placed bases of the 
former year's leaves, and the much-divided panicle of red flowers 
with green calyces. From P. Jacksoni (see our Tab. 4540) it 
is easily known by the tall stem above alluded to, the very long, 
spiny leaves, smaller flowers, green subulate calyces, compound 
or paniculated raceme ; but near which it must rank in any 
system. It is a handsome species, and flowered in our stove in 
December, 1853. 

Descr. Our plant has a stem or caudex a span or more high, 
three inches in circumference, scarred with transverse lines, 
whence the leaves have fallen, but above clothed with the 
withered bases of old leaves. From the summit a spreading 
tuft of pale-green coriaceous leaves, of great length (often four 
feet long), appears ; they are between lanceolate and sword- 
shaped, acuminated to a very slender point, towards the base 
gradually and very much contracted, and then carinatcd ; at the 
setting on upon the stem dilated into a broad, concave, sheath- 
ing, striated, amplexicaul or ^eniiamplcxicanl base, for the whole 

\i'i;n, 1st, [v 

length rather minutely spinuloso-serrulated. Panicle longer 
than the leaves, terminal, in reality a compound raceme; the 
branches patent, somewhat distichous ; peduncles and branches 
green, tomentose. Bracteas small, subulate, appressed. Flowers 
secund. Pedicels short, about as long as, or longer than, the 
bracteoles. Calyx of three, erect, subulate or subulato-lanceolate, 
quite green sepals, erect, appressed, rather more than one-third 
the length of the corolla. Petals three, two inches long, linear- 
oblong, subspathulate, channelled, furnished with a bifid scale 
at the base, bright-red ; they are convolute into a tube for about 
two-thirds of the length, then spreading all to one side. Stamens 
longer than the tubular portion of the petals, but shorter than 
the petals themselves. Filaments slender, white. Anthers linear, 
curved, yellow. Ovary free, pyramidal, with three furrows and 
three cells, tapering above into a filiform style, a little longer 
than the stamens. Stigmas three, moderately spreading. 

Fig. 1. Petal. 2. Pistil: — magnified. 


Tab. 4776. 

GENTIANA Fortuni. 

Mr. Fortune s Gentian. 

Nat. Ord. Gentiane^. — Pentandria Digynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx 5-4-partitus vel 5-fidus, hinc dimidiato-spathaceus, valvark 
Corolla marcescens, aut infundibuliformis v. hypocrateriraorpha v. rotata, aut 
clavata vel campanulata, rarius glandulifera, nuda aut corona vel plicis siepius 
exsertis aucta, foveis epipetalis destitute limbo 5-4-partito (hinc flore 6-8-mero), 
aut plicis spurie 10-partito. Stamina 5 vel 4, corollse tubo iiwerta ; filament** 
basi Eequalibus. Anther* incumbentes v. erectae, hinc in tubum oonnata et ex- 
trorsuni debiscentes. Ovarium disco spurio interrnpto basilari pleruinque cinc- 
tum, unilocular ; ovulis juxta suturam seriatis. Stigmata 2, terminals, revoluta, 
aut si contigua infundibularia ; stylo nullo aut cum infundibulo stigmatico stig- 
matil)usve persistente. Capsula bivalvis, septicida, unilocularis, placentis mcinbra- 
naceis areaa juxta suturam extensse insertis. Semina placentis immeraa.— Herbffl 
sapius perermes, habitu varies, caule recto v. abbreviate, foliis opposite, cyma race- 
miformi aut floribus terminalibus. Griseb. 

Gentiana (§ Pneumonanthe) Fortuni; caulibus subcsspitosis erechs vel adscen- 
dentibus, foliis lato-lanceolatis (infiniis ovatis) 3-neryns margme seabns, flo- 
ribus in axillis solitariis terminalibus glomeratis sessibbus, calycw tubo cam- 
panulato laciniis 5 linearibus recurvis, corollas intense raeruleiB albo-macu- 
latie apertre pentamera lobis cordato-ovatis plicis brevibus nurquahter 8- 
dentatis vix exsertis, antheris liberis. 

Grisebach, in De Candolle's Prodromus, vol. ix has charac- 
terized 153 species of Gentiana; and beautiful as they generally 
are, the present equals, we think, if it does not excel in beauty, all 
that have yet been described. It evidently belongs to the same 
group or section of the ecnus with our well-known G I^"' 1 '" 
nanthe, and with the Siberian and Altaic G. septemfdaoi 1 alias 
and of Sims (Botanical Magazine, Tabs. 1229, 1 41 0) particu- 
larly with variety maculata, represented on the latter plate. K 
is however a taller, more robust-growing plant, with more distant 
foliage, larger flowers, and it is at once distinguishable by the 
plica or scales at the mouth having three, often irregular, Wont 
teeth, scarcely projecting beyond the mouth of the tube ol tlie 

APKIL 1ST, 185 I. 

corolla, whereas in G. septemfida they are large and prominent, 
and furnished with long cilia, giving a densely fringed character 
to the mouth of the flower. Our charming species is a native 
of northern China (the exact locality is not stated), and was sent 
by Mr. Fortune, in 1849, to Messrs. Standish and Noble of the 
Bagshot Nursery. Showing a disposition to flower, as it did, late 
in the autumn, it was kept in a greenhouse, and the blossom 
expanded in December 1853, when our drawing was made. It 
will, there can be little doubt, prove hardy. 

Descr. From the collum or neck of the root two or three 
stems appear, erect or ascending, terete, glabrous, simple. Leaves 
in rather distant pairs, opposite, the lowest small and ovate, the 
rest an inch and a half or nearly two inches long, lanceolate, 
glabrous, three-nerved, the margin scabrous, the base tapering, 
and united with that of the opposite leaf. Flowers axillary, soli- 
tary, sessile, the ultimate ones, from the approximation of the 
leaves, glomerate, large, very handsome, sessile, generally accom- 
panied by two small leaves at the base. Calyx quinquefid ; the 
tube campanulate ; segments of the limb linear, acuminate, and re- 
curved. Corolla infundibuliform, slightly ventricose : limb of 
five, spreading, cordato-ovate lobes, intensely deep blue, as is the 
inside of the tube, and equally spotted with white. Scales of the 
corolla short, blunt, three-toothed, scarcely projecting beyond the 
base of the sinus of the lobes ; teeth unequal. Stamens five, in- 
serted below the middle of the corolla, quite included. Anthers 
free, linear. Ovary subcylindrical, a little inflated in the middle. 
Styles, or rather stigmas, two, linear, recurved. 

Fig. 1. Corolla laid open. 2. Pistil: — magnified. 


: '2l*Sra 

.:■-■> u- 

,.-# : 



1 77S 

Tab. 4777, 4778. 

Gigantic Wellingtonia. 

Nat. Ord. Conifer^.— Dicecia Monadelphia. 

Gen. Char. Mores dioici?--MASCULi . . . ? Fceminei: Strobili o\>\m&, 
b>nei ; squamis numerosis, cuneatis, truncatis, per apophysin transverse (ob brac- 
team asqmlongam omnino aduatam) sulcatis, niucrone in medio. Semma 7 cuiquc 
squamae, supra medium peudula, compressa, utrinque alata.— Arbor vasta, tncenli- 
pedalia, California, foliis parvis alternis. 

Wellingtonia gigantea. 

Wellingtonia gigantea. Lindl. in Gardeners' Chronicle for December, 1853, 

No. 52, p. SWkand 823. Feitch, lithographic plate, large folio, 13o4: 

drawn from nature by J. M. Lapham. 

Of late the curiosity of the public, as well as of the botanist, 
has been excited by a discovery of Mr. William Lobb, of a coni- 
ferous tree in the interior of California, of a most gigantic size 
measuring 300 feet and more in height, and from 10 to 20 teet 
in the diameter (30 to 60 feet in circumference) ot its trunk. 
Douglas's Finns Lambertiana, of the Oregon, measured two- 
thirds of that height, with a trunk nearly equal m girth to that 
just mentioned, and the same intrepid traveller has described a 
California!! tree in the following language*: "But the great 
beauty of Californian vegetation is a spocies of Tavodwm, wnicn 
gives the mountains a most peculiar, I was almost going to say, 
awful appearance, something which plainly tells us we are not 
in Europe. I have repeatedly measured specimens ol this tree 
270 feet long, and 32 feet round, at three feet above the ground^ 
Some few I saw upwards of 300 feet high, but none m which 
the thickness was greater than those I have instanced. — JNo 
seeds or specimens indicated as belonging to this tree were ever 
transmitted by him to Europe. Still I was disposed to refer 
barren branchlets of a Coni/vra, sent home by Douglas, to this 

* See Dougbs'a L. Iters, in Memoir of Douglas, published in ' Hooker's Com- 
panion to the Botanical Magazine,' vol. u. p. 150. 
\imui. Lot, 1 854. 


monster tree, which I published in the * Icones Plantarum,' tab. 
379, as the Sequoia sempervirens* , and probably the tree in 
question. Time, and our increased and increasing knowledge 
of Californian trees, proved that I was in error, and that the sub- 
ject of my plate in reality belonged to Abies bracteata (Botanical 
Magazine, Tab. 4640). Happily Mr. William Lobb sent home 
specimens of the branches of his gigantic Conifer, bearing foliage 
and cones, a drawing of the entire tree, with its accompanying 
scenery, bark, wood, etc., together with the following account of 
it, which appeared in the ' Gardeners' Chronicle,' under the arti- 
cle quoted above, of Dr. Lindley, for 1853, p. 819 : — ■ 

"This magnificent tree, from its extraordinary height and 
large dimensions, may be termed the monarch of the Californian 
forest. It inhabits a solitary district on the elevated slopes of 
the Sierra Nevada, near the head-waters of the Stanislau and 
San Antonio rivers, in latitude 38° N., longitude 129° 10' W., 
at an elevation of 5000 feet from the level of the sea. Prom 
eighty to ninety trees exist, all within the circuit of a mile, and 
these varying from 250 feet to 320 feet in height, and from ten 
to twenty feet in the diameter of the trunk. Their manner of 
growth is much like that of Sequoia (Taxodium) sempervirens ; 
some are solitary, some are in pairs, while some, and not unfre- 
quently, stand three and four together. A tree recently felled 
measured about 300 feet in length, with a diameter, including 
bark, 29 feet 2 inches, at five feet from the ground ; at eighteen 
feet from the ground it was 14 feet 6 inches through; at 100 
feet from the ground, fourteen feet ; and at 200 feet from the 
ground, five feet five inches. The bark is of a pale cinnamon- 
brown, and from twelve to fifteen inches in thickness. The 
branchlets are round, somewhat pendent, and resembling a Cy- 
press or Juniper. The leaves are pale grass-green ; those of the 
young trees are spreading, with a sharp, acuminate point. The 
cones are about two and a half inches long, and two inches 
across the thickest part. The trunk of the tree in question was 
perfectly solid from the sap-wood to the centre, and, judging by 
the number of concentric rings, its age has been estimated at 
3000 years. The wood is light, soft, and of a reddish colour, 
like Redwood (or Taxodium sempervivum). 

" Of this vegetable monster, twenty-one feet of the bark, from 
the lower part of the trunk, has been put up in the natural form, 
in San Francisco, for exhibition ; it there forms a spacious car- 
peted room, and contains a piano, and seats for forty persons. 

* Mr. William Lobb (see ' Gardeners' Chronicle,' 1854, p. 22) has shown that 
Douglas's monster tree could not have been the Wellington'^, for he was not within 
120 miles of its locality, but that it was really and truly the Sequoia tmperviren*. 
Sequoia giganlea, therefore, of Endlieher, taken up from' our figure, is a nonentity. 

On one occasion, a hundred and forty children were admitted 
without inconvenience." 

Dr. Lindley not unnaturally exclaims, " What a tree is this ! 
of what portentous aspect, and almost fabulous antiquity ! They 
say that the specimen felled at the junction of the Stanislau and 
San Antonio was above 3000 years old; that is to say, it must 
have been a little plant when Sampson was slaying the Philis- 
tines, or Paris running away with Helen, or ./Eneas carrying off 
good Pater Anchises upon his filial shoulders. And this may 
very well be true if it does not grow above two inches in dia- 
meter in twenty years, which we believe to be the fact. At all 
events we have obtained the plant. The seed received by Messrs. 
Veitch has all the appearance of vitality, and since the tree is 
hardy and evergreen, it is a prodigious acquisition." Since this 
was written, less than three months ago, the seeds have germi- 
nated ; and the young plants have prospered so well, that they are 
now, we believe, offered for sale by the Messrs. Veitch, at their 
extensive exotic nurseries, Exeter, and King's-road, Chelsea, and 
we trust we may live to see them as common in Great Britain as 
Deodars have now become. 

Although we as yet know nothing of the male fructification, 
nor of the cones, save in the mature state, yet in these latter, 
together with the specimen with young and adult foliage, which 
Messrs. Veitch laid before Dr. Lindley, there were sufficient ma- 
terials for that botanist to determine that the tree belonged to a 
perfectly new genus, with foliage not very dissimilar to that of 
the Junipers, yet with true cones, or strobili, as large as those of 
the Scotch Fir, but in structure very much resembling those of 
the Japan genus Sciadopitys of Siebold and Zuccarim, Flora of 
Japan, ii. p. 1. t. 102,— which however has leaves the longest 
(four to five inches long, and the broadest more than a line in 
width,) of any genus of Conifers of the northern hemisphere ; 
and so arranged in whorls that each whorl is umbraculate, whence 
the generic name. 

Descr. A gigantic tree, attaining a height of more than three 
hundred feet. (Its general habit and ramification^ will be best 
understood by a reference to our figure at Tab. 4777.) Greatest 
diameter of the trunk twenty feet, or sixty feet in circumference ; 
bark exceedingly thick. Extremities or terminal branchlets some- 
what distichously pinnated, drooping, slender, filiform. Leaves 
small, alternate, coriaceous, palish green, spirally as it were ar- 
ranged, three completing the circuit of the trunk, all of them 
erect and imbricated, so that the branches, in conjunction with 
the leaves, are nearly terete. The leaves of the young plants are 
oblong-subulate, apiculate, or mucronate ; semiamplexicaul at the 
base, keeled at the back, plane within, but with a slightly ek- 

vated central ridge : those of the older branches are smaller, 
shorter, more compact, and crowded, ovato- lanceolate, acute. 
Male- flowers unknown. Of the cones we are only acquainted 
with fully ripe ones, from which the seeds had been removed ; 
they are nearly two inches long, by one and three-quarters inch 
broad in the widest part, ovate, obtuse, sessile? ligneous, com- 
posed of a central axis (or apophysis), of a stoutisli cylindrical 
form, bearing a number of rather large, thick, spreading scales, 
of the same substance and texture as the apophysis, and forming 
one with it, by means of the thickened base ; the thickness of 
the scale is increased by the entire union of the bractea with the 
scale : its apex dilated, convex, transversely rhomboideal, with a 
transverse, elevated ridge or keel, and in the centre an umbo- 
nated depression. Beneath each scale, according to Dr. Lindley, 
are lodged seven seeds, exactly as in Sciadopitys ; and these 
seeds of the same shape, too, as in that genus, that is, nearly 
orbicular, compressed, small, less than one line long, scarcely 
winged at the margins. 

Tab. 4777. Representation of the entire tree, reduced with Mr. Veitch's per- 
mission from his plate above alluded to.— Tab. 4778. Fig. A. Small specimens of 
a young branch. B. Older specimen : — nat. size. Fig. 1. Foliage from A. 2. 
Foliage from B : — both magnified. 3. Cone : — nat. size. 4. Vertical section of 
a cone -.—nat. size. 5. Seeds : — magnified. 


Tab. 4779. 
CERATOSTEMA longiflorum. 

Long-jlowered Ceratostema. 

Nat. Ord. Vaccinie,e.— Decandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx turbinate, 5-gamosepalus, semi-adh™ limbo 5-partito 
partitionibua liberis magnis ovatc-lanceolatia ^^^T^^ZSL 
ulerurnaue magna, crassa, subcoriacea, tubulosa, subcomca, nervosa, 5-gamopeta 
C37ta^RS&. l™bo 5-fido, lacimis acutis "j^*" £ 
mhia 10 epi-vna, recta, corolla? longitudine, inclusa. Mamenta bievia, com 
p ssa tail supra basin extus birta, pilis rutis "**""£^ A* 

obscure peaUgona, superne truncate, hmbo calyciao et d. co ^ ™™ ; ; 
roaata, subumbilicata, 5-locularis, locate P^^> *MZS 

caZyces, coroZte <tf &w»* rubicundi colons. De Una. 

Ceratostema to^for^; ramis junioribns P^^^t ^TX 
tiolatis parvis coriaceis ovali-corda * "SgjPgJSJHS in axillares 
latis inlegerrimis, floribus nutanbbus subtci m. "^jP 1 ^ P tibu9 C!uy . 
foliorum wlitariia nunc aggregate, pod unci 1 y ixM ^ ca!vcem 

cibusque pubescentibus, ootollw arnplia submceolato cjlinor 
quintuple superantibus limbi lobis 5 patentibns. ; 

Ceratostsma longinorun, £M « AM Ckron. 1848, J, 87. _ &• »■* 
t»£d»nm,v: 84. j?. »8. _ ..,„,, 

Ceratostema grandiflomm, 2fcw 4 P»- &• »** e ' 38S 

above the level of the sea. [t had been treaiea, 

a p iUL 1st, 1ST) t. 

half-hardy plant. A flowering specimen attracted much atten- 
tion at the Chiswick Horticultural Summer Exhibition of 1853, 
and from that our figure was taken. Dr. Lindley considers it 
the finest species of the genus. He overlooks probably the C. 
grandifiorum of Ruiz and Pav. Ic. ined. tab. 383 b., which if 
there be no exaggeration, has flowers in all likelihood, of the 
same rich colour, half as big again as these ; but I suspect in 
reality that figure is intended to represent our plant, or a variety 
of it, with longer and somewhat sharply pointed leaves. The 
plate in question is unaccompanied by descriptive characters; 
but Don, in Diet, of Gard., who was likely to have Ruiz and 
Pavon's own specimens before him in the Lambertian Herba- 
rium, in his very meagre specific character speaks of the leaves 
as "lanceolate, or ovate" and in the latter case the two plants 
do not seem to be specifically distinct. 

Descr. Our plant was about a foot high. Young branches 
downy, terete. Leaves upon very short petioles, ovate, obtuse, 
or rather between oval and cordate, coriaceous, the margin re- 
curved, dark green, and shining above, paler beneath, punctate, 
with impressed dots on both sides. Peduncles from the axils of 
the upper leaves, and also terminal, usually solitary, rather thick, 
bibracteolate, decurved, downy ; flowers large, nearly two inches 
long, drooping. Calyx pubescenti-hirsute ; tube turbinate ; limb 
of five ovate, acute lobes. Corolla scarlet, merging into yellow 
at the apex, between urceolate and cylindrical, of a thick texture, 
between waxy and coriaceous ; limb of five, spreading, acute lobes. 
Stamens ten, from the circumference of a depressed epigynous 
disc. Filaments short, hairy at the back. Anther with two 
very long, slender, filiform, erect horns, as long as the tube of 
the corolla, each opening by a pore at the extremity. Style from 
the centre of the epigynous disc, as long as the corolla, terete. 
Ovary five-celled, many-seeded. 

Fig. 1. Calyx and pistil. 2. Transverse section of ovary. 3. Stamen :— 


Tab. 4780. 
TORREYA Myristica. 

Cal'ifornian Nutmeg. 

Nat. Ord. Conifers. — Dkecia Polyandkia. 

Gen. Char. Dioica. — Masc. Amentum primo suhglobosum, demumeloiigatiim. 
Rachis nuda, demum elongata, basi squamis siccis quadrifariam irabricatis brac- 
teata, multiflora. Squama staminiferae pedicellatse, subpeltatae, dimidiate, hiric 
antheram 4-locularem pendulam gerentes. — F(BM. Ai/iei/tum ovatum, basi ut in 
mare, bracteatum, uniflorum. Discus carnosus hypogynus nullus. Ovulum erec- 
tion. Semen ovatum, basi squamis siccis haud grandefactis bracteatum, ceterum 
nudum; testa crassa extus carnoso-coriacea, intus fibrosa; tegmen crustaceum, 
durum. Albumen rumiuatum. Embryo subcylindricus, brevis ; cotyledones con- 
nata3. — Arbores. Rami patentes ; ramuli distiche oppositi. Folia disticha, liiiearia, 
rigida, mucronato-pungentia. — Am . 

Torreya Myristica; foliis biuncialibus et ultra longe mucronatis siccitate utrin- 
qne planis subtus concoloribus lineisque duabus impressis, fiructu magno 
exacte elliptico valde pulposo. 

A beautiful evergreen tree, thirty to forty feet high, native of 
elevated regions in the Sierra Nevada of California, where it was 
discovered by Mr. William Lobb in 1851, who sent specimens 
and seeds home to Messrs. Veitch and Son, of the Exotic 
Nursery, Exeter, and King's-road, Chelsea. The slightest glance 
at the internal structure of the fruit at once identifies this tree 
with the genus Torreya of the southern United States, but only 
in the Aspalaga and Apalachicola country of Middle Florida. 
There has been discovered the Torreya taxifolia of Dr. Arnott 
(in Taylor, Ann. of Nat. Hist. v. 1. p. 130, and in Hook. Ic. 
Plant, tab. 232 and 233). Those who are familiar with that 
species, now not very rare in our gardens and pleasure-grounds, 
or who will revert to the figures just quoted, will hear with 
surprise that I have had no little difficulty in framing specific 
characters that shall clearly distinguish the two. On first aspect 
there is as much difference between them as there is between 
the Cephalotaxm Fortuni (see our Tab. 4499) and the common 
Yew (setting the fruit aside). The Cephalotaxus represents our 

may 1st, 1854. 

Californian Nutmeg with its large foliage, and the common Yew 
the Torreya tawifolia ; in fact, the foliage and fruit of Torreya 
Myristica are more than twice the size of T. tawifolia, and thus 
the common observer will never be at a loss to distinguish them. 
To the botanist I may mention the following discriminative 
marks : — 

Torreya taxifolia. 

Branches pale ashy -brown. 

Leaves one inch long, half a line wide, 
convex above, grooved beneath from 
the reflexed margin, and of a paler 
hue, with a slightly raised parallel 
brownish line on each side the mid- 
rib ; mucro short. 

Male flowers with the scales all acute 
and mucronated. 

Fruit scarcely an inch long, somewhat 
obovate and acute. 

Wood of a reddish colour, like that of 
Juniperus Virginiana (Dr. Torrey). 

Torreya Myristica. 

Branches red-brown. 

Leaves two inches and often more long, 
one line wide, nearly plane above and 
beneath, the under-side rather paler, 
with a depressed or sunken line of 
the same colour on each side the 
midrib ; mucro long. 

Male flowers (not by any means fully 
developed) with the inner scales 
membranaceous, obtuse and erose. 

Fruit, the smallest specimen an inch 
and a half long, in shape exactly el- 

Wood yellow, like Box, as seen at Mr. 
Veitch's Nursery, King's-road, Chel- 

Any further remarks would be superfluous ; further and more 
important distinguishing marks may be looked for in the perfect 
male and female flowers. The plant has not only been imported 
alive by Messrs. Veitch, but they have reared many plants from 


r.He«v-<: Trap- 

Tab. 4781. 

Holly-leaved Desfontainia. 

Nat. Ord. Solaneis affine ?— Pentandria MONOGTfMA. 

Gen. Char. Calyx 5-partitus, persistens, laciniis lanceolatis erectis. Corolla 
tubulosa, subimmersa, subcartilaginea, tubo calycern duplo superante, nervoso 
nervis per medias limbi patentis sequaliter 5-partiti lacinias ovatas aestivatione 
imbricataa decurrentibus. Stamina 5, fauci corolla? inserta, ejusdem lacinns al- 
terna, inclusa. Filamenta brevia, complanata. Anthera lanceolate acutac, basi 
affixse, biloculares, longitudinaliter dehiscentes. Ovarium ovab-globosum, quin- 
queloculare, placentis carnosis in loculorum angulis intenonbus ; ovuhs nume- 
rosis subquadriserialibus pendentibus. Bacca globosa, calyce persistente mumta. 
Semina plurima, parva, ovato-oblonga, nitida, angulata, testa conacea nine raphe 
prominula callosa umbilicum basilarem chalazse apice diktats jungente percursa. 
Embryo in basi alburainis dense carnosi copiosi prope umbilicum minimum suD- 
globosum, cotyledonibus brevissimis.-Frutices Peruvian (el CJulenses) *olia 
opposila, dentato-spinosa,petiolata, coriacea, amara, petiolis cum ramoarticuUtt*. 
Flores axillares et terminates, solitarii, pedunculati ; peduncubs bibraeteolatis. 
Corolla coccinea, limbo luteo. — Dun. (in part.) 

Desfontainia spinosa. 

Desfontainia spinosa. Ruiz et Pav. Fl. Peruv v. I •. 47. t. 186 JIooLc. 

PI. v. 1. t. 33. Hook.fil. Fl. Antarct. v. 2. p. 332. Dunal m De Cand. 

Prodr. v. 13. p. 675. 
Desfontainia splendens. H. B. PI. Mquinoct. v. 1. p. 157. t. 45. Dunal, 

I.e., p. 676. 
Desfontainia Hookeri. Dunal, I.e., p. 676. 
Desfontainia acutangula. Dunal, I.e., p. 676. 

This splendid accession to our garden culture has been long 
known in our Herbaria, but its place in the Natural System is 
still a puzzle. We had hoped to have found the subject d - 
cussed in some of the many learned essays on Solanece by our 
valued friend Mr. Miers ; but he writes word to us 1 Have not 
taken up Desfontainia, because I always considered ltpte^ 
reign to Manacect, especially on account of its opposite leaves 
the Estivation of its corolla, and structure of its ovarium; nor 
does it accord better with any genus of Jtropacea. 

MAY 1ST, 185 V. 

If the natural family of this plant is difficult to fix, so are the 
limits of the species. According to modern views of considering 
any possible variation of form as characteristic of a new species, 
Dunal reckons four species ; but I fear he is guided rather by 
locality than difference in form. The original D. spinosa of Ruiz 
and Pavon is the Peruvian plant from Tarma. B. splendens, of 
Bonpland, is from Quindiu, in Ecuador. D. HooJceri is the name 
Dunal gives to my B. spinosa from Valdivia. His B. acutangula 
is from Tolima, near Maraquita, New Granada. A shrub, how- 
ever, which can be traced from the northern part of South Ame- 
rica to Valdivia, and even to Staten Land, in 53° south, may be 
expected to vary in different localities in the size of the plant, in 
the more or less spiny nature of the leaves, in the downy or gla- 
brous calyx, and the relative size of the foliage and corolla. We 
possess specimens from the extreme south which cannot be dis- 
tinguished from those of the north. Everywhere it is a most 
lovely plant, with perennial, glossy, holly-like foliage, and flowers 
often two inches long, rich scarlet, tipped with yellow. Messrs. 
Veitch, of the Exeter and Chelsea Exotic Nurseries, had the 
honour to introduce this plant from Valdivia to our greenhouses, 
through Mr. William Lobb, and our figures were made from the 
plant exhibited at Chiswick, in August, 1853. 

Descr. A rigid, erect-growing shrub, with somewhat angular, 
pale-coloured, opposite branches, and opposite leaves. The latter 
are on short footstalks, from one to two or two-and-a-half inches 
long, oval rather than ovate, waved, rigid, glossy, lobed at the 
margin, the lobes varying much in number, and tapering, as well 
as the apex of the leaf, into a sharp pungent spine. Peduncles 
solitary, axillary and terminal, thick, longer than the petioles, 
and bearing an oblong green bractea at the base, curved down- 
ward, single-flowered. Flowers large, pendent. Calyx 5-partite ; 
lobes oblong, obtuse, erecto- patent, glabrous or slightly downy, 
minutely ciliated at the margin, persistent, withering. Corolla 
two inches long, funnel-shaped, angled, rich scarlet, tipped with 
yellow. Lobes of the limb scarcely spreading, obtuse. Anthers 
nearly sessile, linear, inserted at the mouth of the tube, shorter 
than the lobes of the corolla. Ovary oval-cylindrical, glabrous, 
five-celled. In the inner angle of each cell is a large fleshy recep- 
tacle, bearing numerous pendent ovules on the back, in about 
four longitudinal rows or series. Style as long as the tube of the 
corolla. Stigma scarcely dilated, obscurely five-lobed. Berry 
globose, about the size of a wild cherry: — a perfect one with 
ripe seeds I have not examined. 

Fig. 1. Secii'.i; of calyx, with pistil. 'I. Transverse section of ovary. 3. Co- 
aid open: — magnified. I. Berrj scarcely mature : — not. me. 

/ 7(92 

Tab. 4782. 

ANGRJECUM pertusum. 

Perforated Angr cecum. 

Nat. Ord. Orchide^.— Gynanuria Monandria. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4761.) 

Axgkmcvu pertusum; caule brevi, foliis distichis elongato-oblongis rectiuscul s 
carina^ utrinque pinmdatis apice oblique bifid* baa eqm antibus racemis 
densis niitantibns axillaribus folia Bequantibus, flonbus imbnca is di tich s 
ovario sepalisque rotundatis concavis tuberculatum petahs Ojabbua, tabeUo 
apice rotundato obtuso basi dilatato depresso, calcare clavato labelli longi- 

Angr^cum pertusum. Lindl. in Paxtons Mag. of Hot, v. l.p. 237. 

AnqrcBcum is eminently an African genus and were that 
country and its adjacent islands laid open to the visits ol bo- 
tanists the species would doubtless be found very numerous 
Those that have been made known have been so chiefly through 
M. Aubert du Petit Thouars, and by imperfect descriptions. 
There is a vast difference in the size both of foliage and flowers 
between our present.plant and Atyracum eburneum, lab 4701 ; 
but the general structure of the flowers and the habit of the 
plant are alike in both. A. pertusum is stated m the work above 
quoted to have flowered with Messrs. Loddiges, but there is no 
indication of the country which it inhabits. It was sent to the 
Kew Gardens by Messrs. Jackson, of the Kingston Nursery and 
though possessing, like, we believe, all its congeners, «o brilliant- 
coloured flowers, there is much grace and elegance in the droop- 
ing spikes of compact white blossoms, which appear in Marcb. 

Disc*. There is a short, rather thick, creeping stem or caiahr 
about as thick as the finger, marked with the scars of fallen 
leaves, and throwing out thick, fleshy, simple, flexuose iw*. 
Leaves all distichous, about a span long, strap-shaped thick 
fleshy, carinate, dotted, obliquely and blunt y two-lobed at the 
apex, the base sheathing and equitant, like the leaves ot an ///-v. 

MAY 1st, 1854. 

Peduncles about two on each plant, axillary, solitary, bracteated 
when young, but bracteas soon deciduous, and leaving scars. 
Spike four to five inches long, drooping, formed of numerous 
small greenish-white flowers. Sepals spreading, subrotundo- 
ovate, concave, fleshy, white, externally greenish and tuberculate, 
with minute, elevated dots. Petals spreading, similar in shape 
to the sepals, but smaller, quite white, and not tuberculate. 
Lip large for the size of the flower, white, subspathulate or 
obovato-spathulate : the side lobes almost obsolete, terminal lobe 
recurved, beneath having a comparatively large, greenish, de- 
curved, obtuse, clavate spur, as long as the rest of the flower. 
Ovary short, small, tuberculate. 

Fig. 1. Side view of a flower. 2. Front view of ditto. 3. Pollen-mass. 


Tab. 4783. 
IMANTOPHYLLUM ? miniatum. 

Brick-coloured Imantophfllum. 

Gen. Char. Imantophyllum*. Perianthium superum corollaceum, 6-parti- 
tum, patenti-campanulatum, tubo brevissimo, laciniis late obovato-lanceolatis 
subsequalibus, 3 int. paulo majoribus. Stamina 6. Ydamenta crassa, subulata, 
patentia, summo tubo iuserta, perianthii laciniis subbreviora. Antherce versatiles, 
brevi-oblongse. Ovarium, inferum trigonura, 3-loculare, loculis oligospermis, 
ovula subsex in quolibet loculo biseriatis, angulo interno affixa. Stylus crassus, 
decurvato-adscendens, periantliio longior. Stigma 3-fidum. Capsula carnosa, m- 
dehiscens. Semina (abortione) in singulo loculo solitaria, bulbiforraia, rugosa, 
subpulposa, magnitudine seminis Fabce vulgaris (horse-bean). — Herba acaults. 
Radix efibris numerosis fasciculatis carnosis crassis. Folia radicalia ampla lorata 
disticha, basi latissima amplexante. Scapus plano-convexus, latus, apice umbellato- 
multijlorus. Spatha polyphylla, marcescens, colorata. Flores ampli, mmiati, uni- 
colores, pedicellati, bracteohti ; bracteolis lineariius, longitudine fere pedicellorum. 

Imantophyllum ? miniatum. 

Vallota? miniata. Lindl. in Gardeners' Chron. 1854, p. 119; and at p. 149, 
observations by Mr. Backhouse. 

A flowering specimen of this fine Aniaryllidaceous plant was 
exhibited at a meeting of the Horticultural Society in February 
of the present year ; and in the following month the Messrs. 
Backhouse, of the York Nursery, who imported the plant from 
Natalf, obligingly forwarded from their greenhouse the specimen 
here represented. Dr. Lindley noticed the plant doubtfully as a 
Vallota : it wants the peculiar duplicature of the faux of the 
corolla of that genus, and it has not a bulbous root. Mr. Back- 
house agrees with us that it is nearer Clivia than Vallota: so 
near, that I am not sorry to transfer one of the two generic 

* Not Imatophyllum (more correctly Imantophyllum) of ourselves, at Tab. 2856. 
It was unfortunate that that plate of I. Aitoni appeared on the same day on 
which the same plant was figured by Dr. Lindley in the ' Botanical Register' as 
Clivia nobilis. The name may, we think, thus with propriety be transferred to 
the present genus, a near ally of, but certainly distinct from, Clivia, Lindl. 

t We have ourselves also received living plants of the same direct from 

may 1st, 1854. 

names which that plant has borne to the present. Mr. Back- 
house alone has imported ripe fruit ; and the seeds which he 
describes are in appearance similar to the so-called bulbiform 
seed of other Amaryllidaceous plants, Crinwm for example. We 
shall conclude this article with a description from the living plant, 
by Mr. Backhouse, which accompanied the specimen. 

Descr. " After removing the flower-stem, the plant was taken 
out of the pot, and the earth thoroughly washed from it, so as 
to allow a complete investigation of its root. This was done 
with a view of relieving the plant from the encumbrance of a ball 
of exhausted hard earth. The vertical root-stock is about four 
inches long, cylindrical, and truncated ; the lower two inches 
are bare and like a section of a broomstick, about an inch in dia- 
meter. From the upper two inches protrude numerous whitish 
branched fibres, about the thickness of a goose's quill, clothed 
with a short pubescence on their younger portions. The leaves 
on our oldest plant were twenty-three in number, in opposite 
rows, the widened base of each leaf embracing that of the op- 
posite one ; and in this respect, as well as in the root, resembling 
Clivia. The leaves of our plant are not linear nor rigid, like 
Clivia, but are linear-lanceolate and stout, and exhibit not only 
the longitudinal nerves, but some of the stronger transverse 
partitions; like those of Clivia, they are perennial. In strong 
plants they come up from the centre in series of four to five at 
once, quickly succeeding each other; and about the time that 
the first of the new series is matured, the flower-stem is pro- 
truded between the outer one of these and the last of the next 
older series. The new leaves are of a rather brighter green than 
the old ones. The flower-stem is flattened, about a foot long, and 
supports an umbel of twelve to fifteen pedunculate flowers, at 
first enveloped in a sheath, composed of membranous and mem- 
branous-margined bracts. The stamens and style, when the 
flowers begin to open, are decidedly declining ; but the expan- 
sion of the flowers carries the upper stamens a little out of this 
position, and spreads the whole of them. So far as we have 
seen, but one ovule in each cell swells. Once, one in each of 
two cells was matured, and the third was abortive. In two 
other instances only one in one cell matured, and those of the 
other cells were abortive. I did not examine minutely the ori- 
ginal number of rudimentary ovules. The seeds, being valuable 
to us, were not cut, so as to examine their internal structure ; 
but their size was that of a smallish horse-bean, and, though less 
rugged than those of Crinum, decidedly ' bulbiform,' at least so 
both William Wood and myself considered them. They were 
sown immediately, under the idea that they would not keep, 
and they quickly pushed up each a leaf. The capsule turned of 
a brownish colour and became soft, and the integument of the 

seed was moist; and on a portion of the exterior being acci- 
dentally rubbed off, a silvery membranous coat, like that of the 
bulb-seeds of Crinum, was exhibited. Our old plant has for the 
last two years produced fresh leaves and a flower-stem about 
every four months. It has sent off several suckers from the 
portion of the root-stock which produces the fibres (if so the 
thick roots I have described may be called). If the flower-stem 
be kept in "water, possibly some of the capsules may swell a little, 
so as to exhibit the number of the rudimentary ovules. The 
corollas are deciduous, as in Clivia, to which I certainly think 
the plant nearer than to Vallota. The flowers expand about two 
at a time daily, or in two days or longer periods, but remain so 
long as to form, along with the others also expanded, a fine head 
for from two weeks to a month, according to temperature." 

Fijr. 1. Pistil. 2. Transverse section of ovary : — magnified. 


Tab. 4784. 
BARKERIA elegans 

Elegant Barkeria. 

Nat. Ord. Orchide*:. — Gynandria Monandria. 

Gen. Char. Sepala et petala sequalia, libera, membranacea, patentissima. 
Labellum planum, mtegerrimum, nudum, (cuneatum cum apiculo) columns ad- 
pressum. Columna petaloidea. Anthera 4-locularis, carnosa, septorum margi- 
nibus membranaceis. Pollinia 4, caudiculis totidem ligulatis reflexis, per paria 
connatis. — Herba; epiphyta, vmX\h\is fusiformibus carnosis. Folia atigudu. 
branacea, nervosa. Pedunculi longi, graciles, squamati, terminates, apice racemosi. 
Flores magni, conspicui, nutantes. Lindl. 

Barkeria elegans; folds lanceolatis, racemo paucifloro, sepalis petahsque late 
ovato- sen obovato-lanceolatis acutiusculis, labello obovato obtusissime retuso 
basi callo oblongo medio brevi-trilamellato, columna late spathulata peta- 

Barkeria elegans. Knowles and Westcott, Floral Cab. 2.p.l. cum Ic. 

A less showy species, for the flowers are fewer and smaller, than 
the B spectabilis, given in our Tab. 4094 ; but each mchvidua 
blossom is very delicate and beautiful, and the form of the lip o 
the petals and sepals and column is quite different The present 
was indeed the first discovered species, and upon which the genus 
was founded, exhibiting the very petaloid column which is scarce y 
of that character in B. spectabilis. It is a native of the same 
country (Mexico), and was introduced by G Barker hsqol 
Springfield. We are indebted to Messrs Jackson, of Kingston, 
for the beautiful specimen here figured, which flowered in Ma ck 

Descr. Stem, rather than pseudo-bulb, a span and more 
long (when it passes into the peduncle), clustered sheathed^ ith 
the leaves of the rather distant foliage, spindle-shaped striated. 
Leaves nearly distichous, remote, with long sheathing bases ob- 
long, subacute, spreading, costate, but nerveless. Pedunck • ti* ice 
as long as the stem, terminal, solitary, slender green, blotch d 
with purple, sheathed for the greater part of its length with 

MAY 1st, 1854. 

scariose elongated scales. Raceme lax, of four or five large, hand- 
some flowers. Flowers spreading. Petals and sepals large, spread- 
ing, obovate or obovato-lanceolate, nearly equal, almost white, with 
a tinge of bluish within, delicate lilac-purple outside. Lip large, 
deflexed, broadly obovate, obtuse, with a mucro, having at its 
base an oblong callus, ending in three elevated lines ; the colour 
is nearly white, with deep rose-coloured large blotches towards 
the apex. Column bent down as it were upon the lip, spathulate, 
petaloid, white, dotted with purple, and stained with yellow at 
the apex. 

Fig. 1. Front view of the column. 2. Lip: — magnified. 

Tab. 4785. 

CCELOGYNE testacea. 

Clay-coloured Ccelogyne. 

Nat. Ord. Orchide^e. — Gynandria Monandria. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4440.) 

Ccelogyne testacea ; pseudobulbis angustis ovalibus angulatis, foliis lanceolatis 
tri-costatis, racemo pendulo, bracteis ovatis cucullatis ovarii longitudine, 
sepalis petalisque subcequalibus, labelli oblongi lobis lateralibus rotundatis 
obsoletis intermedio obtuso, venis 4 papillato-cristatis. 

Ccelogyne testacea. Lindl. Bot. Reg. 1842. Misc. n. 34. 

Introduced by Messrs. Loddiges from Sincapore. Its racemes, 
as Dr. Lindley justly observes, " have a dull clay colour, which 
renders them anything but handsome." In this respect the 
plant is very unlike other species of the genus, in which the play 
of colour, often on the purest white ground, is peculiarly beauti- 
ful. The plant blossoms readily in the stove, and generally in 
the early summer months. 

Descr. Pseudo-bulbs clustered, oblong-ovate, dark green, 
varying in size, compressed and angled, partially clothed from 
below with large brown scales, and sending down coarse fibrous 
radicles from below. Leaves terminal on the pseudo-bulbs, 
broad lanceolate, submembranaceous, acute, petiolate, striated, 
and with three principal longitudinal ribs ; petiole one-third as 
long as the leaf. Peduncle from the base of the bulb, arising 
from the axil of a large brown withered scale, and itself clothed 
for nearly its whole length with leafy imbricated scales. Raceme 
drooping, about as long as the leaf, bearing 8-10 subdistichous 
flowers. Bracteas large, ovate, brown, membranaceous, cu- 
cullate, concealing the ovary. Sepals and petals nearly uni- 
form, oblong-lanceolate, obtuse, but somewhat apiculate, pale 
clayey white, subpatent. Lip scarcely longer than the sepals, 
broad-oblong, recurved, three-lobed, white, spotted and blotched 

■n-NE 1st, 1854. 

with brown ; the side lobes rounded, short ; terminal lobe very 
obtuse, slightly waved, having four elevated lines, fringed or crested 
with glandular fleshy hairs. Column tereti-compressed, dilated 
and winged on each side above, within which marginal wings 
the anther is placed. Pollen-masses four. 

Fig. 1. Lip. 2. Column and anther-case. 3. Pollen-masses: — magnified. 

At Tab. 4782 of our last number, instead of "Lindl. in Paxton's Mag. of 
Bot.," read "Paxton's Mag. of Bot. ;" and at Tab. 4783 there should be no 
note of interrogation after the word " Imantophyllum ?" These errors were oc- 
casioned by our unavoidable absence when the sheet passed through the press. 
— W. J. E. 


Tab. 4786. 
HEXACENTRIS Mysorensis. 

Mysore Hexacentris ; yellow-flowered var. 

Nat. Ord. Acanthace^e — Didynamia Angiospermia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx pateraformis, parvus, limbo ina^qualiter dentato repandove 
Brack* dn*,alte^ latere connate, altero dehiscentes, vahrate, calyces teg n te. 
Corolla infundibuliformi-campanulata, tuba brevissimo Umbo agnail obbqne 
quinquefido. Stamina tubi faucibus annulo barbato limbate inaeita. A**** 
Lcte, biloculares, glabra, localis parallel!* conUga *^"P^ "* "™ 
uno basi longtime calcarato, altero brevi mucronulato, mfenorum ^™ 
longissime calcarato, calcaribus flexuosis. Budmentum ^^.^"V^ 1 
breve, subulatum. Stigma bifurcum, lacmns truncate Mqh^W 
basi angustioribus. C^wto biloculans, tetrasperma, ros tote Jg^gg 
Ifca^Lafe*. a valvis Bolnbite, integrnm,ad am bl P^^-™^/S 
a»i.fa, foliis dmtaiis nervosis glabris Kacemi axdlu^s *"«£«££ 
tiflori, brlcteis commnnibus parvis, flonbus opposes solitaries vel fascmitan , 
bracteolis caducis. — Nees. 

Hexacentris ifys«,- foliis elliptieo-lanceolatis «J^^2oJS 
saape subhastatis, racemo longissimo ^^^^S^Snge 
parvis, corollaa ampke labio superiore maguo submdmso, anthem 
barbatis, stigmate infundibuliformi. 

Hexacentris Mysorensis. Wight, Ic. Plant. Ind. Or. v. 3. p. 6- too. ■ 
Walp. Annal. v. \. p. 539. 

Hexacentris lutea. Hort. Feitch. 

Hexacentris Mysorensis. Paxt. Fl. Card. v. 3./>. 88. 

Far. Corollis luteis, limbo sanguineo. 

From the exotic nurseries of Messrs. Veitch and Son Exeter 
and King's Road, Chelsea where * I-f^f £&T ^ 
racemes of deep yellow bio ssom J J*? 8 ^.) cocciliea wil s 
onginal .pedes Ee^cefdru <^™WV£ of \ ts b l„ ss oms j 
much admired for the singularity and beauty 01 rf 

but this far exceeds them in the sue and m tne nng 
colour, and in the number of blossoms borobyef £ » 
The * JM given in '~*^ a "anLr of thl 
of this, with a sanguineous limb. Or W „M « „ 

present species, expressly describes the limb as Dng j 

june 1st, 1854. 

Messrs. Veitch received seeds of their plant from Mr. M'lvor 
of the Botanic Garden of Ootacamund, who obtained them pro- 
bably from the locality mentioned by Dr. Wight, viz. Nuggur, 
in Mysore. Tine flowering specimens were exhibited at Chis- 
wick, with five or six racemes. 

Descr. A climbing shrub, with very long slender branches, 
extending far and wide, everywhere glabrous. Leaves opposite, 
on rather long petioles, 3-4 inches to a span long, oblong-lanceo- 
late, acuminate, membranaceous, three-nerved, reticulated with 
transverse nerves, the base often subhastate, the margin entire, 
or more or less distinctly toothed. Petioles swollen at the apex, 
and still more at the base or point of insertion. Macemes very 
long, pendent, terminal on short leafy branches, bracteated; 
bracteas rather remote, opposite in pairs, all small, lanceolate ; 
lower ones without flowers ; the rest bearing single-flowered 
pedicels in their axils an inch or more long, at first straight, at 
length, when the flower expands, curved upwards, so as to bring 
the flower into an erect position. Floral bracteas two, large, 
closely applied to the flower, ovate, striated, purplish-green, at 
first closed, and including the whole blossom, at length opening 
on one side for the exclusion of the corolla, and then resembling 
a monophyllous spatha. Calyx very small, cup-shaped, shallow, 
the margin sinuous, entirely concealed by the bracteas. Corolla 
very large, bright, deep and full yellow. Limb spreading, four- 
lobed, — that is, the upper lip is not deeply bifid or two-lobed, 
but rather truncated and obscurely three-lobed ; lower lip deeply 
three-lobed j all the lobes spreading. Stamens (as well as the 
style) shorter than the upper lip of the corolla, and sunk into a 
groove or channel (with a plica on each side). Anthers having a 
tuft of long hairs at the base. Spurs long, subulate. Ovary 
ovate, sunk into a large flat hypogynous disc, as large as the 
calyx. Style slender. Stigma funnel-shaped, hollow. 

Fig. 1. Anther. 2. Calyx and pistil. 3. Calyx, hypogynous disc, and ovary : 
— magnified. 


Tab. 4787. 
DRACAENA elliptica; var. maculata. 

Elliptic-leaved Dracana ; spotted var. 

Nat. Ord. Asparaginase, Kth. — Hexandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4571.) 

Dracena elliptica ; fruticosa, ramis laxis, foliis petiolatis elbptico-lanceolatis 
subcoriaceis nitidis mucronato-acutis nunc abortivis stipula?formibiis, petio- 
lis canaliculars basi dilatato-amplexantibus, paniculis teramalibus sub- 
sessilibus ramis strictis patentibus, bracteis minutis, flonbus plerumque 
ternis pedicellatis, periantbii segmentis liuearibus patentibus tubum basin 
versus inflatum longitudine sequantibus, stylo stamimbus vix longiore. 

Drac^na elliptica. " Thunb. in Diss. v. 3." Schultz, Si/st. Veget. v. 7- p. 345. 
Kunth, Enum. PI. v. 14. 

Drac^na spicata. Boxb. Fl. Bid. 9. %.p. 157. 

Dracaena terniflora. Boxb. Fl. Ind. v. 2. p. 159. Wall. Cat. n. 5147 a. {in 
Herb. Hook) 

Dracaena Wallichii. Kunth in Act. Acad. Berol. 1842. p. 26. Enum. Plant, v. 
5. p. 11. 

Dracaena Javanica. Kunth, Enum. Plant, v. 5. p. 12. 

Sanseviera Javanica. " Blume, Enum. PI. Jav. v. I. p. U." Schultes, 9.1. p. 
360. Hasskarl, Plant. Jav. Ear. p. 114. 

Cordyline Sieboldii. "Planchon in Van lloutte, Flore des Serres, v. 6. p. 109. 
t. 569" {fide descr. in JValp. Ann. Bot. v. 3. p. 644). 

Terminates alba. Humph. Ami. v. 4. p. 79. t. 84./ 1. 

P maculata; floribus luteo-maculatis. (Tab. Nostr. 4787.) 

DUCMXX maculata. Boxb. Fl. Ind. v. 2. p. 157. Kunth, Enum. PL v. 5. p. 13. 

Sanseviera Javanica, £. Hasskarl, I.e. p. 114. 

Cordyline Sieboldii, p maculata. Planch, et Walp. I c 

A pretty stove-plant, for which we are indebted to Messrs. 
Low, of the Clapton Nursery, who received it from the Belgian 
gardens, under the name of Sanseviera Javanica, var. macula a. 
This plant seems identical with the description ot lorcl>,lme 
Sieboldii, maculata, of Planchon, as given by Walpers, 1. C. : 

JONE 1st, 1854. 

but we are compelled to bring a host of other synonyms into 
the page, which we think all justly belong to this plant, and we 
are doubtful if we should not also include Draccena surcidosa, 
Lindl. Bot. Reg. t. 1169, and D. ovata, Ker, Bot. Mag. 1. 1170 
(one and the same plant) j but the raceme is there simple and co- 
rymbose, and the locality Sierra Leone. They are evidently nearly 
allied species. The synonyms here adduced have been well con- 
sidered. There can be little doubt of Rumphius's figure repre- 
senting our plant, although the flowers are shorter and the pe- 
tioles longer than in the majority of our specimens. Thunberg's 
characters (plant from Ceylon and Java) quite agree with our 
species, and we have pretty good authority in our own herbarium 
for Roxburgh's supposed species, besides his descriptions. The 
presence or absence of certain abortive leaves, common on the 
young shoots, passing into bracts at the base of the panicles, 
have probably misled authors; but it is a species of marked 
character. It seems to abound in the Malay Archipelago, Am- 
boyna (Rumphius). We possess the species in our herbarium 
from Ceylon, Java, Sumatra, Borneo (Lobb), Silhet, Bombay 
(Mr. Law and Mr. Dalzell). In our stove it blossoms in March. 
Our dried specimens do not exhibit the spots on the leaves. 

Descr. Stem fruticose, 2-3 feet or more high, terete, and, 
as well as the lax branches, marked or ringed with the scars of 
fallen leaves. Leaves mostly confined to the upper extremity of 
the branches ; young ones often clothed with scales or abortive 
leaves, winch are broad at the base and thence subulate, or bear- 
ing an imperfect lamina ; perfect leaves varying from 3 to 4 inches 
to a span long, generally spreading, petiolate, coriaceo-membra- 
naceous, elliptical-lanceolate, glossy, acute and mucronate, closely- 
marked with parallel longitudinal lines or striee, full green j in 
£ spotted or blotched with yellow. Petiole \ inch to 2-3 inches 
long, grooved, dilated, and amplexicaul at the base. Panicle 
terminal, rarely lateral, branched to the very base, and there 
olten bracteated or leafy; branches spreading, strict, bearing 
racemes oi pale, yellow-green flowers, which are rarely solitary, 
mostly m pedicellate fascicles of threes, each fascicle subtended 
by a small subulate bracteole. Perianth varying in size from 
halt an inch to an inch long ; tube half as long as the limb, in- 
flated below ; segments of the limb spreading, linear; stamens as 
long as the limb. Ovary oval. Style flexuose, as long as the sta- 
mens. Shpna capitate, three-lobed in the centre. Berries the 
size oi large peas, three-seeded, or by abortion two- or one-seeded. 

Fig. 1. Flower. 2, I'isiil : — magnified. 


Tab. 4788. 
RHODODENDRON cinnabarinum; var. pallidum. 

Cinnabar-flowered Rhododendron ; pale var. 

Nat. Ord. Erice^e. — Decandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Cliar. {Vide supra, Tab. 4336.) 

Rhododendron cinnabarinum ; foliis lato-lanceolatis acutis marginibus revolutis 
brevi-petiolatis supra glabris subtus pallidis rufisve squamuloso-punctatis, 
floribus umbellato-capitatis, lobis calycinis ovalibus oblongisve subimequa- 
libus grosse glanduloso-squamosis, corollfe campanulato-infundibuliformis 
lobis rotundatis plerumque acutis, staminibus 10, filamentis basi pilosis 
ovario 5-loculari furfuraceo. 

a ; foliis minute reticularis subtus ferrugineo-squamulosis, calycis lobis angustis 
valde inaequalibus, corolla3 (cinnabarinse) lobis acutis. 

Rhododendron cinnabarinum. Hook.fil. Miod. Sik. Himal. t. 8; et in Journ. 
ofllort. Soc. v. l.p. 101. 

; foliis latioribus subtus omnino ferrugineis, lobis calycinis obtusis subaequali- 
bus, corollis intense roseis. 

Rhododendron Roylei, Hook. Mod. Sik. Himal. t. 7. 

Var. foliis subtus glaucis, lobis calycinis subsqualibus obtusis, corollis pallidis, 
fauce supra sanguineo-irrorata. (Tab. Nostr. 4788.) 

Already, since the publication of the two species above quoted 
in Dr. Hooker's < Rhododendrons of Sikkim-Himalaya,' that author 
has felt it right to consider them mere varieties of one and the 
same species; and now we have in cultivation at the Royal Gar- 
dens of Kew what he considers a third variety, with leaves, in 
shape, resembling those of the original type of R. cinnabarinum, 
but pale-coloured beneath, with a calyx resembling that of the 
R. Roylei, and corollas paler than either of those two kinds, and 
having the faux above sprinkled with dark sanguineous dots. 
This produced its blossoms in a cool greenhouse in the early part 
of May of the present vear 1854. The species is a native of 
Eastern Nepal, Sikkim, and Hhotan, in vaUeys and on the tops 
of mountains in very damp regions, and at elevations above the 
sea-level of from 10,000 to 12,000 feet. The species is as- 

JUNE 1st, 1854. 

suredly a variable one, and neither of the figures in the ' Rho- 
dodendrons of Sikkim-Himalaya' (under the names of B. cin- 
nabarinum and B. Moylei), Dr. Hooker says, " gives a good idea 
of the plant, which forms a rather elegant bush, about eight feet 
high, conspicuous in May and June from its elegant blossoms, 
which form very loose and graceful head's of long pendulous 
flowers. The figures are from stunted specimens, in very ex- 
posed situations; the leaves are not usually reticulated, except 
under these circumstances. It is universally considered poison- 
ous to cattle and goats ; of the latter I have seen many die from 
eating either of this or of a species of Andromeda. If employed 
as fuel, the smoke causes the eyes to inflame and the cheeks to 

Descr. A shrub, with erect or moderately patent branches. 
Our plants have not as yet attained a greater height than 2^ 
feet; bark reddish-brown. Leaves usually broad, lanceolate, 
but sometimes nearly elliptical, subcoriaceous, acute and mucro- 
nated, on short petioles, penninerved, the margins recurved, 
full green and naked above, pale and often glaucous green be- 
neath, sometimes rusty, dotted with minute scales, which vary 
in colour, brown or pale green. Mowers in an irregular umbel 
or cyme, terminal, at first scaly, with large imbricated bracteal 
scales. Calyx usually of five, short, nearly equal, oval or rounded, 
very obtuse lobes, scaly on the outside, one (the largest) some- 
times setigerous; or the lobes are longer and narrower, with one 
lobe (upper one) a good deal longer than the rest. Corolla, in 
our variety, full rose-colour, between infundibuliform and cam- 
panulate, the limb broad, spreading, the lobes subrotund, more 
or less acute, the upper one within (at the faux) dotted with nu- 
merous sanguineous spots. Stamens 10, deflexed, unequal, 
shorter than the corolla. Filaments villous at the base. Anthers 
dark purple. Ovary oblong, very scaly. Style as long as the 
longest stamen. Stigma obtuse. 

Fig. 1. Stamen. 2. Calyx and pistil. 3. Ovary. 4. Section of ovary :~ma<jn]jkd. 

f, 789 

Tab. 4789. 


Shaggy Skull-cap. 

Nat. Ord. Labiate. — Didynamia Gymnospermia. 
Gen. Char. (Vide Supra, Tab. 4268.) 

Scutellaria villosa; caule acute tetragono ramoso, foliis petiolatis cordato- 
ovatis mollibus acuminatis grosse sinuato-dentatis rugosis pilis tenuissirais 
albis patentibus villosis subtus purpureis, racemis terminalibus multifloris 
brevibus corymbosis, bracteis parvis herbaceis, floribus glanduloso-villosis, 
corolke (coccineae) tubo elongato gracili iufundibuliformi lobis abbreviatis. 

Native of the Andes of Peru, whence rooted plants were sent 
to us in 1842, by Mr. Nation. The plant proves to be a new 
species, allied indeed to S. cordifolia, Benth. (see our Tab. 
4290), having similarly large scarlet flowers, and more or less 
cordate leaves, but essentially different in the more compact 
habit, short corymbose racemes, discoloured, softer, very coarsely 
sinuato-serrated leaves, and above all in the copious long 
spreading slender white hairs of the foliage, and in the glandu- 
lar hairs of the flowers, which are particularly long on the calyx. 
With us it flowers in the stove in the early spring months, and 
is assuredly a great acquisition to our collections. 

Descr. Stem erect, scarcely a foot high in our plants, spa- 
ringly branched, tetragonous, purplish-green, hairy with rather 
short spreading hairs : branches short, opposite. Leaves spread- 
ing, opposite, petiolate, cordato-ovate, acuminate (with a narrow 
joint), soft in texture, wrinkled with the sunken reticulated veins, 
green above, purple beneath, the margin deeply sinuato-den- 
tate j above, beneath, and at the margin quite villous, with soft, 
very slender spreading hairs. Petioles about an inch long, 
hairy. Raceme terminal, short, almost sessile, corymbose, many- 
flowered. Flowers scattered on the rachis, externally wholly 
clothed with spreading hairs, which are especially long on the 
calyx, and all are tipped with a minute globose gland. Bractcas 

June 1st, 1854. 

small, oblong-lanceolate, herbaceous, scarcely so long as the 
short, scattered pedicels. Calyx small, tubular, oval, two-lipped, 
green ; scale large, spreading. Corolla an inch and a half long, 
rich scarlet. Tube slender, infundibuliform, angled. Limb short 
in proportion to the tube, two-lipped ; upper lip galeate, three 
lobed (lateral lobes united with it) ; lower lip undivided, the 
sides deflexed. Stamens included. Ovary deeply four-lobed, 
seated on a large fleshy base, or gynophore, with a curved neck. 
Style as long as the corolla, and concealed within it, dilated up- 
wards. Stigma subulate. 

Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Pistil and gynophore, magnified. 

hi 90 

Tab. 4790. 

Beautiful Franciscea. 

Nat. Ord. ScbophulariacejE. — DiDfNAMiA Angiospermia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4583.) 

Franciscea eximia; foliis lato-lanceolatis acuminatis brevipetiolatis opacis ob- 
scure venosis subtus subglaucescentibus, cymis paucifloris, calycibus elon- 
gatis cylindraceis paululum curvatis pubescentibus apice quinquedentatis 
hinc fissis spathaeformibus, corollae limbo amplo tubum aequante. 

Franciscea eximia. Scheidweiler, in Gar A. Mag. of Bot. c. 2.^. 16. 2. p. 177. 
cum Ic. 

We made a brief allusion to a " Franciscea ewimia" under our 
Franciscea calycina, Tab. 4583, but could only speak of it then 
as a plant so named in cultivation. It has since been figured in 
the work above quoted ; but the calyx, on which the main cha- 
racter depends, is so imperfectly represented, that but for the 
more accurate descriptive character it would be difficult, if not 
impossible, to say how it differed from F. calycina, save by 
the longer, narrower, and more opaque leaves, which indeed 
are not very constant to their shape in either species. In 
F. calycina the calyx (as shown at fig. 2) is perfectly gla- 
brous, straight, inflated, and divided at the apex into five mode- 
rately long, equal, and rather spreading teeth. The calyx of our 
present plant is elongated, curved, cylindrical, not inflated 
(except possibly in fruit, which we have not seen), five-toothed ; 
the teeth straight or a little incurved, and the superior sinus 
split down for some way, from which cleft the tube of the 
corolla is slightly protruded : the calyx hence becomes spatha- 
ceous. The flowers are very beautiful when first expanded, but 
soon fading to white or whitish,— characteristic, it would ap- 
pear, of all the Franciscea?. The plant does not appear to have 
been taken up by any author but Scheidweiler, and is stated to 
June 1st, 1854. 

be discovered by M. Libon, in the environs of Villa Franca, 
Brazil, and introduced to Brussels by M. de Jonghe. It is a 
free flowerer ; and a bush, at the time we write, early in March, 
is quite gay with the large purple blossoms, in a warm stove ; 
and we have received fine specimens at the same season from 
Mr. Moore, of Chelsea, not only of this, but also of F. calycina, 
exhibiting the same characters as we have above noticed. 

Descr. An erect, branching shrub, 2-3 feet high ; branches 
terete. Leaves petiolate, broad, lanceolate, subcoriaceous, acu- 
minate, opaque, rather obscurely penniveined, pale beneath : pe- 
tiole short, about half an inch long. Flowers terminal, from two 
to four or five from a branchlet, large, handsome. Calyx elon- 
gated, cylindrical, not at all inflated, slightly curved, downy, an 
inch and a quarter long ; limb of five, short, linear-lanceolate, 
erect or slightly curved, teeth, one of the sinuses cleft much deeper 
down than the rest. Corolla large, handsome, when first open- 
ing rich purple, by the second day fading almost to white. Tube 
long, slender, a little exceeding the calyx in length, and where 
exserted having a peculiar flexuous curve, which brings the broad 
limb into an oblique position; lobes of the limb subrotund, 
spreading horizontally, faux a little elevated, forming a white 
ring, btamens, as in the genus, included. Style, as long as the 
tube ot the corolla, dilated upwards. Stigma obscurely two- 

mlgnifild. ^^ % ' Eepresents the cal ? x of Franciscea calycina :—both slightly 


Tab. 4791. 

GARDENIA globosa. 

Globe-fruited Gardenia. 

Nat. Ord. Eubiace^e. — Pentandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calycis tubus ovatus, ssepe costatus, limbus tubulosus truncatus 
dentatus pnrtitusve. Corolla infundibuliformis aut hypocraterimorpha ; tubo 
calyce multo longiore ; Umbo per Bestivationem contorto patente 5-9-partito. 
Anthera 5-9, lineares, ad faucem subsessiles. Stigma clavatum, bifidum aut bi- 
dentatum, lobis crassis erectis. Ovarium dissepimentis incompletis 2-5 semi- 
divisum, 1-loculare. Bacca carnosa, calyce coronata, intus chartacea aut nu- 
cleata, incomplete 2-5-locularis. Semina minuta, placentis parietalibus carnosis 
iramersa. Embryo albuminosus, vagus. — Arbores aut frutices (geroutogea) inermes 
aut spinescentes. Folia opposita, raro verticillata, ovalia. Flores axillares aut 
terminates, plerumque solitarii ) albi, demum scepe florescentes, sapius odori. — DC. 

Gardenia globosa; foliis lato-lanceolatis brevipetiolatis glaberrimis, floribus 

terminalibus solitariis, calycis limbo brevi 5-dentato intus villoso, corolla; 

tubo omnino campanulato limbo profunde 5-lobato lobis patentibus acutis 

fauce villosa, ovario oblongo, fructu globoso majore. 
Gardenia globosa. Hoclistett. Flora, v. 25./?. 237 (note). Walpers, Rep. Bot. 

v. 2./?. 944. Erauss, Ft. Natal, p. 66. 

A shrub of Natal, South Africa, first detected by Dr. Krauss, 
since imported to our collections by Messrs. Backhouse, York 
Nursery, through their friend Mr. Andrew Steedmann. The 
" globose" fruit I have not seen, but there can be no doubt, I 
think, of the identity of the species with the G. globosa of 
Hochstetter and Krauss. Messrs. Backhouse learn, from Mr. 
John Brownlee, missionary at King William's Town, in Caf- 
fraria, that the fruit of some of the South African species of Gar- 
denia is eaten, when mellowed, like that of the medlar. The 
present is a greenhouse plant, where it forms an erect shrub, 
bearing its white, very fragrant flowers, in a small-sized pot, in 
the month of June. 

Descr. Moderately-sized shrub, much branched, with oppo- 
site, spineless branches, which are clothed with a smooth, red- 
dish-brown bark. Leaves opposite, 3-4 inches long, between 

■m.Y 1st, 1854. 

membranaceous and coriaceous, broad -lanceolate, moderately 
acuminated, entire, glabrous, shortly petiolated, penninerved. 
Stipules rather small, from a broad base, subulate, close-pressed. 
Flowers terminal, solitary, fragrant, nearly sessile. Calyx, the 
adherent tube oblong-cylindrical, the free portion small, cup- 
shaped, the margin five-toothed, the inside lined with hairs. Co- 
rolla moderately large, white, or rather cream- white. Tube cam- 
panulate, an inch long, singularly broad, the very base alone 
contracted, which fits into the narrow limb of the calyx ; slightly 
again contracted at the mouth, and there clothed with yellow 
spreading hairs ; the limb, spreading horizontally, of five large, 
broad, subrotund, acute lobes. Stamens five, linear, sessile, at- 
tached some way down in the tube, so as not to have any por- 
tion exserted. Style also included, inserted in a fleshy disc or 
annulus, club-shaped, gradually passing into the bifid stigma 
whose apices are reflexed. 

Fig. 1. Corolla :— mi. size. 2. Pistil; a portion of the calyx-limb being re- 
moved. 3. Stamen, front view. 4. Ditto, back view.— magnified. 

5 792 

Tab. 4792. 

CATASETUM Naso, varr. 

Proboscis Catasetum, vars. 

Nat. Ord. Orchide,e. — Gynandria Monandria. 

Gen. Char. Perianthium ssepius globosum, nunc explanatum. Sepala et pe- 
tala subaaqualia. Labellum crassum, carnosum, nudum, ventricosum vel explana- 
tum, fimbriatum, sub apice saccatum, obsolete trilobum. Columna erecta, aptera, 
libera, apice utrinque cirrhosa. Anthera sub-bilocularis, antice truncate. Pol- 
linia 2, postice biloba vel sulcata; candiculn maxima nuda demum elastice eon- 
tractili ; glandula cartilaginea, subquadrata.— Herbs terrestres, epiphyte ; caulibus 
breoibm fusiformibus, vesligiis foliorum vestitis. Folia bad vaginantia, phcata. 
Scapi radicates. Flores speciosi, racemosi, virides, nunc purpureo-maculati.— 

Catasetum (§ Myanthus) Naso; spica brevi erecta, sepahs oblongo-lanceolatis 
complicatis petalisque lanceolatis adscendentibus squabbus, labello hcmi- 
spluerico apice abrupte in appendicem carnosam ovatam obtusnm pro- 
ducto, marginibus basi tenuibus laceris amplexicolummbus, linea intnmiar- 
ginali carnosa inflexa connivente ostium cordiforme efficiente. Luidi. 

Catasetum Naso. Lindl. Bot. Reg. 1843. Misc. p. 71. n. 11, and 1844, 
p. 36. n. 18. 

w Native of Caraccas, Mr. Linden. This is a singular plant, 
whose flowers before opening might be mistaken lor ^n*** 
turn, but when expanded they are totally different, lhe sepais 
and petals, which are very pale dull green outside, are slig htiy 
pink inside, and richly spotted, in irregular bars, with a deep 
crimson-purple. The lip is a most singular organ, and very ou- 
ficult to describe. Viewed from the side it has a *emiepto«d 
form, and is green, except at the point, where ^"JwSlfS 
a long flat horn or nose. Seen in front it is almost wholly oi 
the same rich black-purple, and looks as if it were a solid hemi- 
sphere pierced in the middle with a large heart-shaped hole ; but 
this appearance is owing to a thick fleshy run, which ns< a 
within the true edge of the lip, and directing itselt inwara a - 
zontally, with an uneven outline, at last touches in front ol U>e 
column, and presents the appearance of a junction. Ltnt t. 

July 1st, 1854. 

Such, as we have given above, are the specific characters and 
description of Dr. Lindley of the very curious C. Naso. Of that 
identical state of the plant I have seen no specimen, nor have I 
seen any figure. Drawings of the two kinds of flowers here 
given (our Tab. 4792, fig. 1 and 2, from the gardens at Syon), 
were submitted to Dr. Lindley, who considers them to be varie- 
ties of C. Naso ; as such we represent them, with a feeling how- 
ever upon our minds that they may all be sports of the origi- 
nal C. tridentatum ; the foliage and pseudo-bulbs seem to be the 
same in all. 

Var. 1. Floribus viridibus, labelli apice 3-4-lobo, lobis lanceolatis, sepalis pe- 

talisque integerrimis. Tab. Nostr. 4792, fig. 1. 
Var. 2. Sepalis viridibus integerrimis, petalis magnis grosse lacerato-serratis, 

disco 2-3-dentatis (labelloque) purpureo-sanguineis, labello apice lobo soli- 

tano seu proboscideo. Tab. Nostr. 4792, fig. 2. 

Our second variety, in the proboscideous apex of the labellum, 
approaches perhaps nearest to the normal form of C. Naso. 

Fig. 1. Spike of our var. 1. 2. Single flower of our var. 2 :— nat. size. 



Vincent Broob bf. 

Tab. 4793. 

BUDDLEIA crispa. 

Crisped-leaved Buddleia. 

Nat. Ord. Scrophularine,e. — Didynamia Angiospermia. 


Gen. Char. Calyx 4-dentatus vel semi-4-fidus. Corolla tubus brevis, sub- 
campamdatus vel elongatus ; limbus patens vel rarius suberectus, laciniis brevibus. 
Stamina 4, ad faucem inserts, anthem subsessilibus ; vel in medio tubo inserta, 
antheris faucem subsequantibus inclusisve. Stylus integer, apice clavatus, parte 
stigmatosa crassa capitata, vel basi decurrente, biloba. Capsula septicide bivalvis ; 
valvulis bifidis subintegrisve, marginibus inflexis, columnam placeutiferam nudan- 
tibus. Semina numerosa, parva, compresso-fusiformia vel discoidea ; testa laxius- 
cula, ssepe in alam membranaceam subexpansa, reticulata. Embryo parvus vel 
rarius dimidium seminis superans. — Arbores, frutices vel herbse American cali- 
diorem, Africam austrakm vel Asiam Indicam habitantes, sapissime tomento vel 
lana veslitce, in ramulis junioribus, foliorum pagina inferiore, pedunculis calycibus- 
que et interdum etiam in corollis copioso, in pagina superiore foliorum et in ramis 
adultis demum scepius deraso. Folia opposita. Pedunculi cymoso-multiflori, axil- 
lares vel saepius in tbyrsum vel paniculam terminalem dispositi. Benth. 

Buddleia (§ Glomeratse) crispa ; tomento denso ferrugineo vel canesccnte, folns 
plerisque petiolatis margine crenatis inferioribus basi cordatis saepe crassis 
rugosis utrinque tomentosis, capitulis densis plurifloris pedunculitis, pani- 
cula oblonga vel subracemosa, corollae tubo calycem subcampanulatum duplo 
superante. Benth. 

Buddleia crispa. Benth. Scroph. hid. p. 43. Wall. Cat. 6404. Benth. in Be 
Cand. Prodr. v. 10. p. 444. 

Reared by Mr. Moore at the Glasnevin Botanic Garden from 
seeds sent by Major Madden, from near AJraorah, Western 
Himalaya, at an elevation of 5500 to 7500 feet above the level 
of the sea ; and a very desirable shrub it proves to be to our 
gardens, being hardy, like the B. globosa, that is, only requiring 
protection of a wall, when it bears our winters unharmed, and 
has the advantage of flowering from the beginning of February 
until the beginning of May, scenting the atmosphere around 
with its fragrance. It has, perhaps, a rather extensive range in 
Northern India. We possess specimens (besides those from 
Major Madden) from Dr. Wallich, its discoverer, gathered at 

July 1st, 1854. 

Kamaon (where Messrs. Strachey and Winterbottom also found 
it), Saharungur and Sermoie ; from Simla, Lady Dalhousie (com- 
municated also by the late Mr. Fielding) ; from Affghanistan, 
Griffith, n. 613, and from Chibil Tun and Zahree, Scinde, by 
Dr. Stocks (n. 867). 

Descr. A shrub, twelve to fourteen feet high. Brandies 
opposite, obtusely tetragonal, the younger ones densely covered 
with tawny or ferruginous down. Leaves on woolly petioles 
one-quarter of an inch to one inch long, ovate or oblong, the 
lower ones cordate at the base, upper ones cuneate, thick, to- 
mentose, densely so beneath, with ferruginous or cinereous to- 
mentum, the margins toothed and crisped, rarely entire, except 
in the upper leaves. Flowers arranged in capitula, or in dense 
whorls, constituting spikes or racemes, and these, from the many 
short flowering-branches, forming panicles. The lower portions 
of the spikes have leaf-like bracteas, the upper are bractless. 
Calyx oval, downy, nearly half the length of the tube of the co- 
rolla, four-toothed ; teeth erect, obtuse. Corolla salver-shaped, 
lilac, with a white eye ; tube cylindrical, downy ; limb in breadth 
nearly equal to the length of' the tube, spreading horizontally, 
deeply four-lobed, lobes broadly obcordate, waved and crenulated, 
the mouth or faux contracted, orange-coloured. Stamens four, 
inserted below the middle, and quite included ; filaments short ; 
anthers short, oblong. Pistil quite included. Ovary ovate, 
downy, except at the very base. Style very short. Stigma 
clubbed, bifid. 

Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Corolla laid open. 3. Pistil:— magnified. 


Tab. 4794. 


Beardletted Traveller s-joy. 


Gen. Char. Involucrum 0, aut calyciforme sub flore. Sepala 4-8, colorata. 
Petala aut plana, sepalis breviora. Caryopsides 00, in caudam ssepius barbato- 
plumosam products. — lladices perennes. Folia exacte opposita. Be Cand. 

Clematis (§ Cheiropsis) barbellata; foliis ternatim sectis, peduncubs aggrega- 
tis unifloris folia subiequantibus, floribus nutantibus, stammibus penanthio 
fere | brevioribus, filamentis planis lanceolatis ciliatis, anthens introrsis 
dorso dense pilosis. 

Clematis barbellata. Edgeworth,inLirm. Trans.v.W.p.25. Hook.Jil.etTliorm. 
Fl. Indica, p. 5 (ined.). 

Clematis Nipalensis, Boyle, lllustr.p. 51 (excl. syn.). 

Native of the Western Himalaya, where, about Garhwal, it 
appears to have been first detected by Dr. Royle and Mr. Paken- 
ham Edgcworth, and first distinguished as a species by the latter 
gentleman (from whom we have received native specimens) in 
the Linnean Society's Transactions above quoted. Messrs. 
Strachey and Winterbottom found it at Kamaon at an elevation 
of 10,000 feet: and Major Madden, who introduced it by seed 
to the Glasnevin Botanic Garden, Dublin, met with it in *oods 
between Kamaon and Simla, at elevations varying from ibUUU W 
10,000 feet above the level of the sea. Mr. Edgeworth con sta- 
tutes of it a new section or subgenus {Bebceanlhera\ diffenng 
from Cheiropsis, in wanting the involucra and in the i trorse 
anthers ; but Drs. Hooker and Thomson refer it to * ««22 
whose character they consider mainly to rest on the ^ smgle- 
flowered peduncles: and they give another Indian species dc- 
longing to it, with introrse anther, viz. C. acutanwk, Hook- n . 
et Thorn. O. barbellata is a very pretty species bearing nume- 
rous, large, chocolate flowers, with cream-coloured borders , tc the 
sepals. Mr. Moore, who sent the specimens here figured Irom 

july 1st, 1854. 

Glasnevin, considers the species hardy, a free bloomer, and as 
contrasting well with C. montana, which is beautifully in flower 
in company with it in May, 1854. 

Descr. Climbing. Stems and branches slender, woody, stri- 
ated, slightly hairy, obscurely striated. Leaves from a nodus, and 
clustered or subverticillate, ternately trisected, on long pedicels, 
each leaflet or segment petiolate, ovate, much acuminated, coarsely 
serrated, reticulately veined, bifid or (especially the side leaflets) 
trifid, glabrous. Peduncles from the same nodus as the leaves, 
3-4 inches long, fascicled, spreading, hairy, single-flowered. 
Flower drooping, large, monoecious (Edgew.). Sepals large, erecto- 
patent, so as to form a campanulate perianth, each ovato-acumi- 
nate, three-nerved, slightly coriaceous, chocolate-coloured, the edge 
white or cream-coloured, and downy. Stamens numerous, erect, 
flattened, little more than half the length of the perianth. Fila- 
ments broad, lanceolate, membranaceous, hairy and ciliated, bent 
at the base. Anther oblong, terminal, basi-fixed, opening in- 
trorsely, glabrous within, the back with a dense tuft of hairs. 
Pistils several, erect. Ovary ovate, glabrous or bearded on the 
under side only. Style long, subulate, villous except at the 
apex, which is slightly recurved and terminated with the simple, 
obtuse stiyma. 

Fig. 1. Stamen. 2. Pistil: — magnified. 

t 79/i 

Tab. 4795. 
spirjea grandiflora. 

Large-jlowered Spircea. 

Nat. Ord. Rosacea. — Icosandeia Pentagynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx tubo concavo v. campanulato, limbo quinquepartito, persis- 
tente, laciniis aestivatione remotis. Corolla petala quinque, calycis fauci inserta, 
ejusdem laciniis alterna, ovata, unguiculata, patentissima. Stamina 20, rarius 
30-60, calycis fauci bi-pluriseriatim v. fasciculatim inserta, longe exserto; fila- 
menta filiformia, libera ; anthem biloculares, longitudine dehiscentes. Discus car- 
nosus, cum calycis tubo connatus, margine adnato obsoleto, v. libero crenulato v. 
dentato. Ovaria 5, rarius 3 v. 1 2, in fundo calycis sessilia v. breviter stipitata, 
unilocularia, libera, (hula 2-15, suturse ventrali biseriatim inserta, pendula v. 
rarissime adscendentia, anatropa. Styli terminales, recti v. rarissime e basi geni- 
culate adscendentes ; stigmata plus minus incrassata v. dilatata, integra. Folhculi 
capsulares 3-12, liberi v. rarissime in capsulam subcoaliti, sutura ventrali apice 
bivalves. Semina 2-15, pendula v. rarissime adscendentia. Embryonis exalbu- 
minosi, orthotropi; radicula umbilico proxima, supera.vel rarissime infera — -Herbse 
v. suffrutices, v. frutices, in temperalis hemispheric borealis crescentes; folns alter- 
nis simplicibus v. simpliciter aut composite imparipinnatis, stipulis geminis petwlo 
adnatis, interdum minimis v. penitus obsoletis, floribus axillaribus terminahbusaue, 
racemosis, corymbosis, cymosis, paniculatis v. interdum fasciculatis, albis v. rarissime 
roseis, nonnunquam abortu polygamic vel dioicis. Endl. 

Spiraea grandiflora,- foliis lanceolatis mucronulato-apiculatis integernmis flori- 
bus in racemis plurifloris erectis terminalibus, calycis tubo late turbinato 
(disco toto carnoso) basi contracto ore expanso subrecurvo extus basi orac- 
teolato limbi lobis rotundato-ovatis cibatis, petalis magms rotundatis, ova- 
riis 5 liberis biovulatis, stigmate dilatato. 

Amelanchier racemosa. Fortune, MS. 

The present remarkable plant has been sent by Mr. Fortune 
under the name of Amelanchier racemosa, from the north ot 
China, to Messrs. Standish and Noble, of the Bagshot Nursery, 
where it bears the open air, blossoming in May, 1854 : and it is 
certain that its conspicuous large flowers cannot fail to recom- 
mend it as a very desirable ornamental shrubbery plant, lne 
habit and foliage are that of an Amelanchier : but the structure 

July 1st, 1854. 

of the flowers point to the genus Spiraa, as that to which, in 
the absence of the fruit, it must be referred, and unfortunately 
the frosts of the early spring soon destroyed the flowers, so that 
we have no knowledge of the perfect fruit. The calyx-tube is 
remarkable in form, much contracted below, then suddenly at 
the narrow faux expanded and recurved, and the whole lined 
with a fleshy disc, at the edge of which the fifteen stamens are 
inserted in threes. The species is extremely different from any 
hitherto described. 

Descr. Apparently a moderately- sized shrub, with twiggy 
branches, clothed with brown bark. Leaves alternate, submem- 
branaceous, lanceolate, two to three inches long, entire, acute 
and somewhat apiculated, penninerved, glabrous. Petiole half 
an inch long. Stipules, if any, soon deciduous. Racemes terminal, 
solitary, erect, bearing six to eight large, conspicuous, white 
flowers. Pedicels half an inch to an inch long, bearing a pair 
of small, opposite, deciduous bracteoles at the base of the calyx. 
Calyx turbinate : the lower part or tube much contracted (in- 
cluding the ovaries), then at the mouth suddenly expanding and 
slightly recurved, lined throughout with a fleshy disc. Limb of 
five, broadly oval, submembranaceous sepals, beautifully ciliated 
at the margin. Stamens about fifteen, inserted by threes at the 
edge of the fleshy disc of the calyx. Petals very large, subro- 
tund, or somewhat obcordate, slightly unguiculate. Ovaries five, 
approximate, but quite free even to the base, in no way adherent 
to the calycine tube, one-celled, with two ovules. Styles five, 
quite free. Stigma dilated, reflexed, and furrowed within, the 
turrows extending some way down the inner side of the style. 

Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Calycine tube laid open. 3. Stigma:— magnified. 


di del et liih 

- Brooto 

s Imp 

Tab. 4796. 


Fastigiated Cassiope. 

Nat. Ord. Ericaceae .— Dec andri a Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx 5-partitus, persistens, basi nudus. Corolla campanulata, 6- 
loba. Stamina 10, inclusa ; filamentis glabris ; antheris brevibus, loculis tumidis 
apice longe apiculatis. Stylus basi crassus, conicus. Stigma obtusum. Capsula 
5-locularis, B-valvis; valvis apice bifidis medio septiferis. Placenta 5-loba. 
Semina oblonga,nitida,lucida.— Suffmtices boreales humiUimi,glabri,ericoidei, sem- 
pervirerdes. Folia sparsa, conferta, scepius hnbricata. Flores solitarii, pedwelMi, 
later ales aut terminales, rosei (v. albi), nutantes, inter dam 4>-meri 8-andn.—DC. 

Cassiope fastiqiata; foliis dense 4-fariam imbricatis ovatis subtrigoms dorso 
profunde crasse carinatis carina longitudinaliter sulcatis margimbus scanosis 
albis sulcis labiisque pulcherrime ciliatis, floribus subvertici llatis, pedicelns 
villosis, corollis lato-campanulatis albis, calycis lobis lanceolatis cihato-ser- 

Cassiope fastigiata. Don, Card. Bid. v. 3. p. 829. DC. Prodr. v. l.p. 611. 

Andromeda fastigiata. Wall. Trans. Jsiat. Soc.v. 18./.. 304 Plant Manor. 
Asiat. v. 3. p. 51. t. 284. Boyle, Illnstr. Hmal. p. 260. t. b6.f. l. 

Andromeda cnpressiformis. Wall. MSS. B. Bon, Werner. Tram. v. 3. p. 407. 

For the opportunity of figuring this interesting and very rare 
plant we are indebted to Mr. Moore, of the Glasnevin Botanic 
Garden, who raised a single plant from Himalayan seeds, col- 
lected by Major Madden in North-western Himalaya, where it 
was abundant at elevations of from 12-13,000 feet (also gathered 
there by Messrs. Strachey and Winterbottom). Its nat i™ range 
is pretty extensive, being found in Gossan Than, by Dr. Wamcfi 
and Mr. Blinkworth, and abundantly in the mountains « biK^m- 
Himalaya by Dr. Hooker, at elevations of from 10-14,UUU ieet. 

In general habit it will be seen that this charming plant has 
much affinity with Cassiope (Andromeda, I.) tetragon*, ot Arctic 
Europe and America, figured at our Tab. 3181 ; but it is a 
larger plant, far more beautiful, and has leaves ot quite a mner- 
cnt and peculiar structure, having a white, silvery finely ciliated 
margin, and a deep and broad keel, deeply furrowed on the bacK, 

July 1st, 1854. 

and the edges of the furrow also fringed with cilia. Such a 
species cannot fail to be a great favourite with all cultivators of 
alpine plants. It flowers with Mr. Moore in May. 

Descr. Small shrub, very much branched, the branches de- 
cumbent, crowded, and subfastigiated. Leaves densely and 
closely imbricated in a quadrifarious manner (so that the 
branches are tetragonous), erect, sessile, ovate, concave, rather 
obtuse, coriaceous, with a deep carina at the back, and that 
carina has a deep furrow (fig. 1), so as to form the keel into two 
plates or ridges, united towards the apex, which are fringed at 
the edges ; the leaf itself has a broad, white, silvery margin, 
beautifully fringed with cilia throughout the whole edge. Pe- 
duncles axillary, solitary, short, hairy, single-flowered, decurved, 
hairy; at the base are two or three bracteal fringed scales. Flower 
drooping, large for the size of the plant. Calyx-lobes lanceolate, 
acuminated, with a scariose, ciliato-serrated margin. Corolla 
white, broadly campanulate, the mouth spreading ; limb of five, 
acute, patent lobes. Stamens quite included. Filaments subu- 
late, glabrous. Anthers of two oval cells, opening with a large 
pore at the top, and each cell having a long, subulate, downy 
seta. Ovary subrotund, five-lobed, seated on a fleshy disc, from 
under which the stamens emerge. Style short, fusiform. Stigma 

Fig. 1 Back view of a leaf. 2. Interior of a leaf. 3. Flower and peduncle, 
and bracteal scales. 4, 5. Stamens. 6. Pistil -.—magnified. 


Tab. 4797. 

Citron-flowered Rhododendron. 

Nat. Ord. Erice^e. — Decandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 4336.) 

Rhododendron citrinum; pentandrum, foliis oblongo-ellipticis obtusis subtus 
pallidis punctato-squamulosis obscure venosis, squamulis concoloribus, flori- 
bus subumbellatis nutantibus, calycis minuti lobis subrotundis ciliato-glan- 
dulosis, corollis (citrinis) parvis campanulatis, limbi lobis scquabbus suberec- 
tis retusis, staminibus tubo corollas vix longioribus, ovario oblongo nudo, 
stigmate convexo. 

Rhododendron citrinum. Hassle. Cat. PI. Hort. Bot. Buitenz.p. 161. 

The Messrs. Rollisons, of Tooting, have placed before us (May, 
1854) the charming shrub here figured, a pale lemon-flowered 
species of Rhododendron from Java, sent by their collector, Mr. 
Henshall. It was supposed to have been a new species, and in 
that case would have borne the name of the discoverer ; but it 
is clearly the R. citrinum of Hasskarl, in his Cat. of the Bot. 
Garden of Buitenzorg, Java. In that island, the author tells us, it 
inhabits trunks of old trees in marshy mountains of Tjiburrum, 
5000 feet above the sea-level. Mr. Henshall traced it up to an 
elevation of 9700 feet, but no higher. Its nearest affinity is 
with what we take to be R. album of Java ; but, independent of 
this difference in the colour of the flowers, the leaves are much 
larger, always acuminated, and beneath densely clothed with 
ferruginous scales. The number of stamens is constantly five 
in each flower, and those declined, a little more than half the 
length of the corolla : they bear deep orange-coloured anthers, 
which contrast well with the pale corolla. 

Descr. This plant forms a small, handsome, evergreen, green- 
house shrub, with glabrous green, terete branches, tinged with 
brown. Leaves on short petioles, spreading, the largest of them 
not more than two inches long, elliptical-oblong, obtuse, gla- 

AUGUST 1st, 1854. 

brous, coriaceous, obscurely penniveined, glabrous, dark green 
above, pale beneath, and there dotted with minute pale greenish 
(never ferruginous) scales : costa beneath sometimes tinged with 
red. Peduncles single-flowered, umbellate, terminal, often ap- 
pearing lateral from the annotinous shoots, above reddish and 
squamulose ; each bears a single, drooping, rather small flower. 
Calyx of five, very short, rounded, ciliato-glandular lobes. Corolla 
little more than three-quarters of an inch long, pale lemon- 
coloured, fragrant, almost exactly campanulate; limb of five, 
nearly erect, rounded, retuse lobes. Stamens five (!), declined, 
as long as the tube of the corolla, quite included therefore. Fila- 
ment thick, a little dilated at the base. Anther oblong, deep 
orange, opening with two pores above. Hypogynous gland, a 
large, fleshy, waved ring. Pistil as long as the stamens. Ovary 
oblong, five-celled: style thickened upwards: stigma dilated, 
convex, radiated. 

Fig. 1. Stamen. 2. Calyx and pistil. 3. Annular hypogynous disc and base 
of ovary : — magnified. 

/ 198 

WRtch aa.ct.iith. 

"Wncent Broc 

Tab. 4798. 
PRIMULA mollis. 

Soft-leaved Bootan Primrose. 

Nat. Ord. PrimulacEjE. — Pentandria Monogtnia. 
Gen. Char. (Fide supra, Tab. 4550.) 

Primula (Primulastrum) mollis ; acaulis, molliter hirsuto-pubescens, foliis longe 
petiolatis cordatis sinuato-lobatis cremilatis reticulatim villosis, scapo foliis 
longiore (petiolisque) patentim villosis, floribus verticillatis, verticillis 3-4- 
subquinquefloris, pedicellis bracteis longioribus, calycis laxi subampli tubo 
turbinate (intense rubro) dentibus patentibus viridibus, corollae (intense 
roseae) limbo obliquo laciniis obovatis bifidis. 

Primula mollis. Nutt. MSS. 

A charming new Primula, of the " Primulastrum" section, and 
intermediate as it were between Primula Sinensis and P. cortu- 
soides; but very different from either in foliage, corolla, and 
especially calyx. It is a native of the mountains of Bootan, 
where it was discovered by Mr. Booth ; and the plants were reared 
from seeds sent by him to his relative Mr. Nuttall (Rainhill, 
near Prescott), which flowered in April of the present year. That 
gentleman has hitherto treated it as a hardy greenhouse plant ; 
but the probability is, it will be found to bear the open air, and 
may be considered to bear the same treatment as P. corttt- 

Descr. Boot perennial. Whole plant covered with soft pu- 
bescence or hairs. Stem none. Leaves all rising from the root, 
upon long terete petioles, which are clothed with long spreading 
hairs ; the blade is almost exactly cordate, rather obtuse, with a 
deep but narrow sinus at the base ; the margin sinuato-lobate 
and crenulate, reticulately veined and soft with pubescence, 
which is more copious beneath, and there the nerves are pro- 
minent. Scape longer than the leaves, villous with soft patent 
hairs, bearing three or four whorls of moderately-sized deep rose- 
coloured flowers. Involucre of two linear or subspathulate leaves. 

AUGUST 1st, 1854. 

Pedicels three to five in a whorl, longer than the involucres. 
Calyx long in proportion to the corolla, lax ; the tube turbinate, 
tapering at the base, deep red, villous : teeth five, acute, patent, 
green. Corolla with the tube somewhat infundibuliform, longer 
than the calyx, brick-red : limb broader than the tube is long, 
oblique, of five, spreading, horizontal, downy, deep rose-coloured 
lobes, bifid at the apex; round the mouth is a deep, blood- 
coloured spot, which sends out rays corresponding to each seg- 
ment : at the mouth are five, erect, emarginate scales. Stamens 
about one-third of the way within the tube, and where the tube 
is a little inflated. Filaments extremely short : anthers oblong- 
subsagittate. Ovary subglobose (or having a somewhat rhom- 
boidal outline). Style filiform, nearly as long as the tube. Stic/ma 
a flattened disc. 

Fig. 1. Corolla laid open. 2. Pistil : — magnified. 


Tab. 4799. 

Yellow-flowered Pittosporum. 

Nat. Ord. Pittospore^;. — Pentandria Monogynia. 

Gen. CJtar. Calyx quinquefidus vel quinquepartitus. Corolla petala 5, hypo- 
gyna, calycis foliolis alterna, unguibus erectis, in tubum conniventibus v. cohse- 
rentibus, apice patentia vel reflexa. Stamina 5, hypogyna, petalis alterna, in- 
clusa ; Jilamenta subulata, stricta ; antherce introrsse, biloculares, subsagittatae, 
erectae, longitudinaliter dehiscentes. Ovarium sessile, incomplete bi-tri-quinque- 
loculare. Ovula pluriraa, semiseptorum marginibus utrinque inserta, anatropa. 
Stylus filiformis, brevis ; stigma subcapitatura, obsolete emarginato-bi-tri-quinque- 
lobum. Capsula subglobosa, ovata, ovato-conica v. obovata, angulata v. com- 
pressiuscula, incomplete bi-quinquelocularis, bi-quinquevalvis, valvis coriaceis, 
crassis, medio semiseptum margine seminiferum gerentibus. Semina plurima, 
resinoso-viscida, valvis apertis, saepe in globum compacta, subglobosa, angulata 
vel plus minus complanata. Embryo in basi albuminis duri, prope umbilicum 
minimus, ortbotropus. — Arbusculae v. frutices, in insulis Canariis, Capite Bona 
Spei, in insulis Borbonicis, Japonia et Archipelago Sandmcensi ram, in India con- 
tinente paullo frequentiores, copios'mime in Nova Hollandia extralropica et Nova 
Zelandia crescentes ; foliis altemis, inlegerrimis v. interdum paucidentatis ; ^tori- 
bus terminalibus v. axillaribus, solitariis v. corymbose aggregates, bracteatis. Endl. 

Pittosporum flavum ; foliis late obovato-lanceolatis brevi-acuminatis mtegern- 
mis coriaceis glabris basi in petiolum breviusculum attenuate, pedunculo 
terminali, corymbis compositis bracteatis pubescentibus, sepalis ovato-lanceo- 
latis acutis, petalis (flavis) extus dense sericeis longe unguiculatis, filamentis 
pubescentibus, ovario cylindraceo-elongato sericeo, stigmate bdobo. 

One of the fiuest species yet known of the genus. Specimens 
were some time ago sent to us as gathered at Port Stephen, East 
Australia, by Allan Cunningham. More recently we have re- 
ceived specimens from the late Mr. Bidwill, collected in the 
Wide Bay district, and a drawing from Captain Phillip King, 
who considered it would form the type of a new genus : but 
we do not see how it differs generically from Pittosporum. I he 
seeds, however, which we have not seen, are said to be winged : 
and the name proposed for it was " Hj/mc/iospormn." Our plants, 
introduced by Mr. Bidwill, flowered in February, 1854. 

AUGUST 1st, 1854. 

Descr. Our plant forms a moderate-sized shrub, a good 
deal branched. Leaves usually alternate, but sometimes oppo- 
site and even subverticillate, the largest of any species known 
to me, sometimes almost a span long, broadly obovato-lanceo- 
late, shortly acuminated, tapering into a short petiole, the tex- 
ture is coriaceous, the margin entire; veins pinnated; colour 
paler beneath. Corymb of yellow, large flowers, compound, on a 
terminal peduncle. Pedicels downy. Bracteas linear-subulate, 
lower ones subinvolucrate. Calyx of five, erect, concave, pointed, 
silky sepals. ' Corolla : petals with the lamina obovate or wedge- 
shaped, streaked with orange at the base ; the claws very long, 
straight, and approximated into a tube, silky on the outside. 
Stamens five, longer than the claws. Filaments subulate, downy : 
anthers oblong-sagittate. Ovary much elongated, cylindrical, 
very silky, as long as the claws of the petals: style short: 
stigma two-lobed. 

Fig. 1. Stamen. 2. Petal. 3. Pistil -.—magnified. 


Vincent Broai 

Tab. 4800. 
DRIMYS Winteri. 

Winter s Baric. 

Nat. Ord. Magnoliace^s. — Polyandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Mores hermaphroditi. Calyx sestivatione clausus, valvatira de- 
hiscens, bi-tripartitus, laciniis concavis, persistentibus. Corolla petala 6-24, 
hyp°?3 rna > uni-biseriata, patentia, decidua. Stamina plurima, hypogyna, juxta 
torura brevissime stipitiformem inserta, pluriseriata ; filamenia late linearia, 
complanata. Antherce parvse, biloculares, loculis taibrotundis, extrorsum adnatis, 
longitudinaliter dehiscentibus. Ovaria 2-8, in summo toro verticillatim sessilia, 
dorso gibba libera, unilocularia. Ovula juxta suturam ventralem 6-9, biseriatim 
pendula, anatropa. Stigmata in ovariis subterminalia, sessilia, mammillaeforraia. 
Baccee obovato-gibbse, sessiles. Semina abortu pauca, inversa, obovata ; testa 
Crustacea. Embryo in basi albuminis carnosi, minutissimus, orthotropus ; radi- 
cula supera. — Arbores vel frutices in America a Mexico ad fretum Magellan, 
necnon in Nova Zelandia crescentes, cortice aromatico, foliis sparsis petiolatis esti- 
pulatis integerrimis subtus incanis vel glaucis, calycibusque et petalis plus minus 
pellucido-punctatis, floribus axillaribus, solitariis vel in apice ramulorum approxi- 
matis aid congestis, nunc umbellatis, bracteis involucrantibus caducissimis, squa- 
mulis gemma-rum terminalium convolutis, acuminatis, caducis. Endl. 

Deimys Winteri; foliis ellipticis lanceolatisve subtus glaucis, floribus umbel- 

latis 3-plurifloris, calyce diphyllo, petalis lanceolatis numerosis, ovariis 

Drimys Winteri. Forst. Gen. p. 84. t. 42. Be Cand. Prodr. v. 1. p. 78. 

Hook. fit. Bot. of Ant. Voy. v. 2. p. 229. 
Winterana aromatica. "Sol. Med. Obs. v. 5. p. 46. t. 1." 
Wintera aromatica. Murray, Syst. p. 507. Smith in Bees' Cycl. 
Drimys Granatensis. Linn. fit. Suppl.p. 269. Be Cand. Prodr. v. I. p. 78. 
Vintera Granadensis. Humb. et Bonpl. PI. JSquin. v. I. p. 205. t. 58. 
Drimys Chilensis. Be Cand. Syst. Veg. v. 1. p. 444. Prodr. v. 1. p. 78. Be 

Lessert, Ic. v. 1. t. 85. Hook, et Am. in Bot. Misc. v. 3. p. 134. 
Drimys Mexicana. Be Cand. Syst. v. I. p. 444. Prodr. v.l.p.18. 

We are glad to be able to figure, from a living plant, a 
flowering specimen of a tree which once possessed some cele- 
brity under the name of Winters Bark, the use of it having 
been brought into notice by Captain Winter, who accompanied 
Sir Francis Drake, in the year 1578, to the Straits of Magellan, 
where it was first discovered. It afterwards became confounded 

AUGUST 1st, 1854. 

with the Canella alba of Jamaica, which has superseded it as 
a medicinal plant. Living plants have been several times im- 
ported, and in the south of England the species may possibly 
prove hardy. It has a most extensive range in its native coun- 
try, South America ; for, as we ventured to suggest, in the ' Bo- 
tanical Miscellany,' that Drimys CJiilensis must merge into D. 
Winteri, so Dr. Hooker has come to the conclusion that the D. 
Granatensis and D. Mexicana (and our own examination of speci- 
mens confirms this view) are also specifically identical, and that 
there is only one species in all South America. Thus this plant 
extends from Tierra del Fuego and Hermite Island, in the ex- 
treme south (there even ascending to 1000 feet of elevation), 
all along the west or Pacific side of the vast continent of South 
America, to New Granada, and even Mexico. Of course, as 
may be expected, there are many trifling variations throughout 
such a vast extent of territory, but no more than may be looked 
for under such circumstances. A distinct species of Drimys is 
found in New Zealand {D. axillaris, Forst.), and another has 
been recently found on the mountains of Borneo (D. piperata, 
Hook. fil). All are pungent, aromatic, astringent, and anti- 
scorbutic. Our plant flowers in June, and is treated as a hardy 
greenhouse plant. 

Descr. In its native forests this tree attains a height of forty 
or fifty feet. The brandies are clothed with reddish bark, and 
bear copious, handsome, evergreen foliage, everywhere quite 
glabrous.- Leaves three to five inches long, alternate, coriace- 
ous, elliptical or lanceolate, more or less acuminated, penni- 
nerved, the base obtuse or attenuated into the short petiole, 
bright full green above, pale and glaucous beneath ; very aro- 
matic. From above the axils of many of the upper leaves the 
peduncles have their origin, bearing from three to nine elongated 
pedicels in one umbel. Peduncles and pedicels generally brac- 
teated. These umbels are often nearly as long as the leaves. 
Flowers moderately large. Calyx of two, ovate, very concave, 
almost boat-shaped sepals. Petals pale cream-yellow, eight to 
twelve, lanceolate, more or less acuminated, spreading. Stamens 
several, shorter than the calyx, and much shorter than the co- 
rollae or even pistils. Filaments broad, almost lanceolate. An- 
thers two-celled, ovate ; cells slightly apart. Ovaries about ten, 
club-shaped, erecto-patent. Stigma large, lateral, sessile. 

Fig. 1. Flower from which the petals are removed. 2. Stamen. 3. Pistil: 


del et lith 

ks Imp 

Tab. 4801. 

The Rose-coloured Acroclinium. 

Nat. Ord. Composite. — Syngenesia ^Equalis. 

Gen. Char. Capitulum multiflorum, floribus omnibus tubulosis hermaphroditis 
v. exterioribus imperfectis. Involucrwm late campanulatum, pluriseriale, squa- 
mis exterioribus scariosis interioribus seriatim longioribus radiantibus petaloideis. 
Receptaculiim planiusculum v. conicum, ambitu subalveolatum. Corolla tubu- 
loso-infundibuliformes, 5-dentatae. Anther ce basi breviter 2-seta2. Styli rami 
truncati, brevissime penicillati. Achmiia. turbinata, pilis niveis sericeo-villosa, 
interiora glabrata, callo basi obliquo. Pappus persistens, uniserialis, e paleis 
rigidis 10-20 basi subconcretis ; /. fertil. dense phimosis;/, steril. tenuioribus 
saepe paucioribus (6-12) minus phimosis apice nudis v. penicillatis. — Herbae 
hand lanatce ; caules e radice annua plurimi simpliciusculi ascendeutes, foliosi, 
apice 1-cephali; folia alter na v. inferior a opposita linearia ; capitula majuscula. 
Asa Gray, in Hook. Joum. Bot. 1852. v. 4. p. 271. 

Acroclinium roseum; glaberrimum, caulibus sulcatis, foliis linearibus acumi- 
natis, involucri squamis exterioribus subappresse patentibus, receptaculo 
planiusculo pilosiusculo. 

A native of the interior of South-west Australia, between the 
Moore and Murchison rivers, from whence the seeds were sent 
in 1853 by Mr. James Drummond, together with dried speci- 
mens (No. 157 of his Herbarium). It flowered freely in the 
Royal Gardens at Kew during the present summer, and forms 
a graceful greenhouse annual, conspicuous for its bright rose- 
coloured heads and pale stems and leaves. Our garden speci- 
mens are considerably larger than the wild ones, both in stature 
and the size of the flowers. Though differing from the previ- 
ously-described species of Acroclinium in the flat receptacle, we 
have no hesitation in referring it to that genus, and have modi- 
fied Professor A. Gray's generic character in consequence. The 
other species, of which three are enumerated in the 'London 
Journal of Botany,' are all natives of South-west Australia, as 
is a fifth and new one, sent to us from the same country by our 
intelligent correspondent Mr. Roe, the Colonial Surveyor. 

AUGUST 1st, 1854. 

Descr. Stems numerous, from a small, annual root, almost 
erect from the base, slender, one to two feet high, cylindrical, 
grooved, pale green. Leaves linear, sessile, acuminate, almost 
decurrent, quite glabrous, pale green, paler beneath, one to one 
and a half inch long. Capitula very variable in size, half an inch 
to two inches broad, rose-coloured, with a bright yellow eye, the 
colour of which is due to the yellow tips of the pappus. Invo- 
lucre broadly hemispherical, of very many scales : the outer small 
and short, scarious, pale olive-green or brownish, closely imbri- 
cated and spreading, broadly ovate, blunt : the inner gradually 
longer, sharper, and gradually becoming red at the somewhat 
rigid tips ; the three or four inner series are longest, linear-oblong, 
bright pink, radiating, but incurved, each sharp or obliquely 
truncated or notched at the point, and furnished with a broad 
concave claw. Receptacle quite flat, pitted towards the margin, 
papillose in the centre, covered loosely with short weak hairs. 
Flowers all tubular and hermaphrodite : the outer with large vil- 
lous achamia and exserted linear branches to the style : the inner 
with smoother abortive achcenia and short blunt branches to the 
style. Pappus of about fifteen to twenty palese, flattened and 
connected at the base, gradually thickened upwards, owing to the 
longer and more densely placed hairs on their margins and sur- 
face, terminating in a yellow club-shaped brush. 

Fig. 1. Inner scale of the involucre. 2. Outer floret:— magnified. 


Tab. 4802. 
RHODODENDRON lepidotum ; 


Scaly Rhododendron ; yellow-green-flowered var. 

Nat. Ord. Erice.e. — Decandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Fide supra, Tab. 4336.) 

Rhododendron lepidotum; fruticulus ramosus, totus lepidotus, squamulis al- 
bidis ferrugineisve, foliis obovatis lanceolatis oblongisve apiculatis breve 
petiolatis pallide viridibus, pedunculis terminalibus solitariis 2-3-nisve erec- 
tis, sepalis 5 foliaceis obtusis, corollae flavida? v. purpurea? tubo brevi in- 
flato, lobis patentibus late ovatis, starainibus 8 filamentis ciliatis, ovario 5- 
loculari, stigmate brevi decurvo. EooJc.Jil. in Journ. Sort. Soc. Lond. v. 7. 
pp. 80, 104. 

Rhododendron lepidotum. Wall. Cat. n. 758. Hook. Bot. Mag. t. 4657. 

Var. chloranthum ; floribus flavo-viridibus viridi-maculatis. 

Rhododendron salignum. Hook. fit. Sikkim Rhod. t. 23, left-hand figure. 

This variety of B. lepidotum was detected by Dr. Hooker in 
Sikkim Himalaya, and at first considered a new species, to which 
he gave the name of salignum. Afterwards he saw the propriety 
of uniting it with the B. elceagnoides, and that again with B. 
lepidotum, of which it is assuredly a variety. The species has 
been already fully described at our Tab. 4657. Our var. chloran- 
thum flowered with us this year readily in May in a cool frame. 

Fig. 1. Stamen. 2. Calyx and pistil. 3. Transverse section of ovary:— 

august 1st, 1854. 


W lit ch 

Tab. 4803. 
SENECIO precox. 

Early -flowering Tree Groundsel. 

Nat. Ord. Composite Senecionide^e. — Syngenesia Superklla. 

Gen. Char. Capitulum homogamum, discoideum, aut heterogamura, Jl. radii 
ligulatis fasmincis. Involiicri uniserialis nunc nudi nunc squamellis accessoriis 
calyculati squama ssepius apice sphacelate, margine subscariosee, dorso frequenter 
binervate. Receptaculum epaleaceum nudum alveolatumve. Stylifl. herm. trun- 
cati, apiceque solo penicillati ! Achenium erostre, exalatum, teretiusculum aut sul- 
cato-angulatum. Pappus pilosus, pluriserialis, caducus, setis rectis subaequalibus 
tenuissimis vix scabris. — Herbse aut frutices inuumeri polymorphi. Species per 
totum orbem terrarum divulgates, sed ecedeui in pluribus regionibus vix occitrrentes. 
Folia alterna, in 2 tantum (dubiis) opposita. Capitula solitaria, corymbosa aut 
panicidata. Cor. disci fere semper luteae, rarissime purpurea, nunquam nisi culta 
albes/ Ligulae etiam flavce, rarius pitrpurascentes aut alhi. Be Cand. 

Senecio prcecox; glaber, caule fruticoso carnoso ramoso tereti, Mis petiolatis 
post anthesin plerisque nascentibus cordato-acuminatis subhastatis 5-7-lo- 
batis carnoso-mcmbranaccis lobis acutissimis, corymbis ramosis, pedicelhs 
elongatis parce bracteolatis, involucvo cylindraceo 8-10-phyllo subebrac- 
teato, ligulis 5-6 patulis, disci circiter 15, achenio glabro. 

Senecio precox. Be Cand. Prodr. v. 3. p. 431. 

Cineraria precox. Cav. Ic. v. 3. p. 23. t. 244. WilU. Sp. PL v. 3. p. 2078. 
Spreng. Syst. Veget. p. 3. p. 546. De Cand. Hort. Genet), t. 7. 

Nearly 600 species of Senecio were described by De Candolle 
in the volume of his 'Prodromus' published in 1837. Many 
have been discovered since, and, if all were as well marked as 
the species now before us, the study of them would not be at- 
tended with the difficulty which is known to be the case JSor 
is this devoid of beauty. It constitutes a large shrub, with thick, 
succulent, woody stem, and terete branches, and attains a height 
of five or six feet even in our greenhouses ; more, probably, m its 
native country. The large corymbs of flowers are produced m 
the early spring at the apices of the branches, and while the fo- 
liage is young ; thence the specific name oipracov. 

Descr. Shrub with straggling terete branches, about as thick 


as one's finger, between fleshy and woody, much scarred from 
the fallen leaves. Leaves from the apices of the branches only, 
deciduous, on long terete petioles, cordate, much acuminate, 
subhastate, five- to seven-lobed ; lobes very acuminate, spread- 
ing, the lower ones deflexed : the texture is between membrana- 
ceous and fleshy. Before the appearance of the leaves, or wdiile 
they are only partially developed, the corymbs of flowers occupy 
the apex of the branch, and bear several elongated, partially 
bracteolated, yellow branches, thickened below the capitulum. 
Flowers numerous, large. Involucre cylindrical, of eight to ten, 
erect, nearly equal, linear-oblong, obtuse, glabrous scales, ebrac- 
teolate, or nearly so. Florets of the ray five or six, rarely more, 
distant, female : ovary oblong, crowned with the hairy pappus. 
Liyule oblong, yellow, three-toothed at the apex. Style with 
two recurved stigmas. Tubular florets about fifteen. Ovary and 
pappus as in the ligulate florets. Corolla tubular, the limb of 
five recurved linear segments. Receptacle pitted. 

Fig. 1. Involucre kid open. 2. Floret of the ray. 3. Floret of the disc : 
— magnified. 


Tab. 4804. 


Glomerulated Ivy. 

Nat. Ord. Araliace^:. — Pentandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx tubo cum ovario connato, limbo supero, brevissimo, integro 
vel 5-dentato. Corolla petala 5-10, disci epigyiii margini inserta, libera, ex- 
pansa. Stamina 5-10, cum petalis inserta, iisdem alterna v. opposita ; Jilamenta 
brevia; antlierce incumbentes, biloculares. Ovarium, inferum, 5-10-loculare. 
Ovula in loculis solitaria, pendula. Slyli 5-10, erecti v. conniventes, aut in 
unicum cobaerentes ; stigmata simplicia. Bacca calycis limbo stybsque coroiiata, 
quinque-decemlocularis, loculis membranaceis moaospermis. Semina _ inversa. 
Embryo in apice albuminis carnosi, endopleura processubus rugosi brevis, ortbo- 
tropus, radicula supera. — Frutices scandentes vel erecti, interdum arborescentes, 
inter tropicos totius orbis magno numero, parce in Itemispltcerce borealis temperatis 
crescentes, foliis allernis, nunc simplicibus, integris v. lobatis, nunc compositis, 
digitalis vel rarissime pinnatis, petiolis basi vaginantibus, floribus capitatis, capi- 
tulis racemoso-paniculatis. Endl. 

Hedera glomerulata ; caule arboreo aculeato, fobis digitatis, foliobs subseptenis 
petiolulatis oblongis acuminatis serratis glabriusculis, panicula terminab 
longissima pendula, rachibus aculeatis, floribus (polygamis?) in capitula 

Hedera glomerulata. Be Cand. Prodr. v. i. p. 265. 

Aralia (Gynapteina) glomerulata. Blume, Bijdr. p. 871. 

The limits of the genera Hedera, Aralia, Panax, Sciodaphyl- 
lum, and other genera of Araliacece, are very ill-defined, and 
differently understood by different botanists. That of Hedera, 
as above given from Endlicher, is intended to include several 
Aralia of LimiEeus and other authors, especially the section 
" Gynapteina of Blume," distinguished by having the styles 
united into one. Divided as botanists may be on the subject 
of the genus of the present plant, the species is a very remark- 
able one, and has attracted much attention in the stoves of the 
Royal Garden of Kew, where its singularly long pendent racemes 
(four to five feet long) are annually produced in April and May. 


It is a native of Gede Mountain, Java, where it is known by the 
name of "Pangang," according to Blume. We received our 
plant from Mr. Makoy, of Liege, in 1847. 

Descr. Our plant, with its ample foliage, has attained a 
height of seven feet, and is remarkable for its tree- or almost 
Palm-like character, erect, flexuose, scarcely branched, in the 
present instance only once forked, and leafy only at the extre- 
mity of these two branches, prickly on the branches and a little 
way down the stem ; prickles subulate, slightly curved, spread- 
ing horizontally. Leaves large, on long petioles, swollen at the 
base, digitate, of about seven large leaflets, which are oblong- 
lanceolate, acuminated, serrated in their upper half, penninerved, 
glabrous. Raceme four to five feet long, pendent from the apex 
of the stem, and bearing at the end of the branches (which are 
sometimes again divided) large, capitate, quite globose, densely 
flowered umbels of a brownish or yellowish green colour. Main 
rachis and peduncles prickly. Pedicels downy. Male flowers 
(which only have appeared in our plant) : — Calyx obscurely five- 
toothed. Petals five, spreading, ovate, thick and leathery, the 
apices inflexed and ragged. Ovary imperfect, imbedded in a 
large, fleshy, slightly lobed, yellowish disc. Style short, conical, 

Fig. 1. Flower. 2. The same more expanded : — magnified. 

' r 606 

Tab. 4805. 

Major Madden s Rhododendron. 

Nat. Ord. Ericaceae. — Pecandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 4336.) 

Hftododendron Maddeni; frutex erectus virgatps, ramulis pedunculis petiolis 
foliisquo subtus fcrrugineo-lepidotis, foliis petiolatis elliptico-lanceolatis 
utrinque acutis acuminatisve marginibus planis superne nitidis viridibus, 
pedunculis 3 terminalibus brevibus crassis, calycis brevis 5-fidi lobis in- 
requalibus (supremo nunc elongate-), corolla extus lepidota ampla, tubo elon- 
gate infundibuliformi, limbi patentissimi lobis maximis votundatis integris, 
staminibus 18-20, filamentis glabris, stylo longissimo ovarioque lepidotis, 
capsula 10-loculari lignosa. 

Rhododendron Maddeni. RUd. Sik. Uimal. p. 19. t. 18. Journ. 
ofHort. Soc. Lond. v. 7. p. 79 et 95. 

Next to B. Lalhousice, this is perhaps the noblest of the 
Sikkim Rhododendrons which rewarded Dr. I looker's researches 
in Northern India. Its flowers are nearly as large as in that 
species, fragrant, very much in general form and size resembling 
the white Day Lily (Lilium candidum), but the corolla is deli- 
cately tinged with rose. Fine as is the original figure of the 
author above quoted, it is quite equalled by our flowering spe- 
cimens at Kew, which were in perfection in May and June of 
1854, in a cool and shaded greenhouse. The large delicate 
flowers contrast well with the ample dark-green foliage, which is 
rusty beneath, and has deep red petioles. It is a rare species 
in its native mountains, only found in the inner ranges of Sik- 
kim-Himalaya, in thickets by the Lachen and Lachoong rivers, 
at Choongtam, at an elevation of 0000 feet above the level of 
the sea. We cannot venture to consider it a hardy plant. The 
species, Dr. Hooker says, " is named in compliment to Major 
Madden, of the Bengal Civil Service,— a good and accomplished 
botanist, to whose learned memoirs on the plants of the tem- 
perate and tropical zones of North-west Himalaya the reader 


may be referred for an excellent account of the vegetation of 
those regions. The same gentleman's paper on the Conifers 
of the north of India may be quoted as a model of its kind." 

Descr. A shrub six to eight feet high, branching from the 
base. Branches erect, supple, covered with pale papery bark. 
Leaves abundant, very bright green, coriaceous but flaccid, ellip- 
tical-lanceolate, acute or acuminate, more or less tapering into 
the thick, short, red footstalk, four to seven inches long : the 
young ones entirely, the older ones beneath only, clothed with 
dense, minute scales, which become ferruginous in age; the 
costa very prominent beneath, and deep red near the footstalk. 
Flowers invariably three at the extremity of the branches, 
spreading nearly horizontally in three directions, large, hand- 
some, fragrant, white, tinged with blush. Each short peduncle 
subtended by one or more large, loose, membranaceous bracteas. 
Calyx of five, short, unequal, rounded, erect lobes, very squamu- 
lose. Corolla with the tube elongated, funnel-shaped ; the limb 
of five, large, rounded, scarcely acute, spreading lobes. Stamens 
eighteen to twenty, shorter than the corolla. Ovary oval, squa- 
mulose, ten-celled. Style longer than the stamens. Stigma 
very large, rayed. 

Fig. 1. Stamina. 2. Calyx and pistil. 3. Section of ovary -.—magnified. 


Tab. 4806. 
CEANOTHUS floribundus. 

Copious-flowering Ceanothus. 

Nat. Ord. Rhamne^e. — Pentandria Trigynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4660.) 

Ceanothus /for#«»«&» ; piloso-scabridus, foliis breve petiolatis oblongis corneas 
undulatis acutis margine (et paulo intra marginem) deatato-glandulosis 
%ceque acutiusculo reflexis subtus venosis pubescenti-tomentosis, corymbis 
densifloris globosis aggregatis sessilibus. 

Among other interesting species of Ceanothus of California, 
the present was raised, from seeds sent by Mr. William Lobb 
by Messrs. Veitch, of the Exeter Nursery, and of King s-road 
Chelsea, and it is certainly the most beautiful of the several 
blue-flowered kinds yet known to us. The leaves are copious, 
compact, and glossy, and the flowers, though really growing in 
corymbs, are so dense as to be perfectly globose, capitate sessile 
(in which respect it differs remarkably from C. dentatus, lorr. et 
Gr.), and these heads crowded at the extremity of numerous 
short branches and of the richest mazarine blue that can be 
looked upon. To add to its charms, Messrs. Veitch have found 
it to be quite hardy in this climate. It flowers in June 

Descr. Apparently a moderately-sized shrub; the branches 
clothed with brown bark, and slightly hairy; the ultimate or 
lateral branches short, redder and more hairy. Leaves crowded, 
small, patent or reflexed, deep green, glossy, hairy above, ob- 
long, coriaceous, waved, the margin and moderately acute apex 
reflexed (giving a retuse appearance to the apex), the tormer -at 
the very edge, and within the edge on the upper side studded 
with tooth-like */«*& ; the under side is pale, prominently veined 
and reticulated, downy. Petioles short, thick, hairy with a pair 
of ovate tapering stipules at the base, more than hall their lengtn. 
Flowers oi the richest mazarine blue, arranged indeed in corymbs, 
but so crowded and so spreading as to form dense balls, or capi- 


tula, sessile, and these crowded about the extremities of the short 
branches, so copious as to conceal a great part of the foliage. 
Pedicels reddish, hairy, and having small, scale-like, reddish, 
deciduous bracts at the base. Calyx deeply cut into five, ovate, 
acute, inflexed segments, which meet at the style with their points 
and conceal the ovary. Petals brilliant blue, on long filiform 
claws, spreading, the lamina cucullate ; all standing out from the 
clefts between the closed calycine segments. Stamens opposite 
the petals, inserted at their base, as long as the petals, erect, 
patent. Filaments blue ; anthers oval, blue, pollen yellow. Ovary 
trigonous, sunk in a fleshy broad ring or disc. Style columnar, 
much shorter than the stamens and pistils. Stigmas three, mode- 
rately spreading. 

Fig. 1. Leaf and stipules, upper side. 2. The same, under side. 3. Flower. 
4. Pistil and annular disc : — magnified. * 

'SO 7 

Tab. 4807. 

One-Jlowered Anguloa. 

Nat. Ord. Obchide^e. — Gynandkia Monandria. 

Gen. Char. Fu>res subglobosi, nunquam patentes. Sepala lateralia, invicem 
imbricantia, basi valde convexa, nee in cornu producta ; alteram, nunc anticum, 
nunc posticum, conforme, basi planum. Petala sepalo dorsali sequalia et similia. 
Labellum coriaceum, unguiculatum, subconvolutum, trilobum, lamina carnosa 
lata plana supra medium auctum, hinc quasi bilabiatum. Columna teres, clavata, 
libera; clinandrio nunc mutico, nunc lacinia acuta porrecta utrinque aucto. 
Anthem galeata, valvis membranaceis nunc in lacinulas acutas producta. Pol- 
linia 4, plana, inaequalia, caudicula longa lineari, et glanduh, acuta. — Herbs 
epiphytes Granatenses et Peruviana, Lycastis facie. — Lindl. 

Anguloa uniflora; pedunculo bi-(pluri-)floro radicali squamis base imbrica- 
tis lnnato-tubulosis vaginato, sepalis ovatis acuminatis cucullato-concavis 
sepalis subconformibus minoribus modice concavis, labelli trilobi lobis 
lateralibus rotundatis obtusissimis intermedio lineari-angusto reflexo-revo- 
luto, columna apice laciniis duabus subulatis aucto. 

Anguloa uniflora. Ruiz et Pav. M. Perm. Syst. p. 228. Fl. Peruv. Prodr. p. 
118. t. 26. Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orchid, p. 160. Pot. Beg. 1844, t. 60. 

Three species of this remarkable genus are figured by Dr. 
Lindley, A. Clowesii, Bot. Reg. 1844, t. 63. (Tab. Nostr. 4313), 
A. Ruckeri, Lindl. Bot. Beg. 1846, t. 41, and A. uniflora, Ruiz 
et Pav., Lindl. Bot. Reg. 1844, t. 60; to the latter our species 
must be referred, differing only in the colour of the flower, here 
tinged with blush, and spotted with the same tint. There is 
further an Anguloa squalida, Popp. Nov. Gen. et Sp. pi. i. p. 43, 
P- 74, described as having the flowers of " a dirty flesh-colour ;" 
but the figure is totally at variance with our plant, as it is with 
any other known Anguloa, and more like some Catasetum. Our 
plant is of a lot purchased at a sale of Mr. Warcewitz's last 
Columbian (Quindios) collections, 1852, in London, by Messrs. 
Jackson, of the Kingston Nursery, in whose orchideous stove it 
flowered in June, 1854. 

Descr. Pseudo-bulbs oblong, attenuated, furrowed, clustered ; 
younger ones sheathed, with large green membranaceous scales, 

SEPTEMBER 1st, 1854. 

which gradually pass into true leaves, of which there are three 
or four, broad, elliptical-lanceolate, acute, membranaceous, stri- 
ated. Peduncle, or scape, from the base of the pseudo-bulbs, 
nearly as long as the leaves, sheathed with membranous green 
bracteas, and bearing one large flower from the uppermost 
sheaths. Sepals ovate, acuminate, concave, the two lower or 
lateral ones almost cucullate at the lower base ; all fleshy, as are 
the petals, which are similar in shape to the sepals, but narrower 
and smaller. The flower is a dirty cream-colour, tinged and 
spotted, chiefly within, with pink. Lip as long as the column, 
to which it is applied, subsemicylindrical ; that is, the sides are 
involute ; three-lobed, yellowish, spotted with pink ; lateral lobes 
subrotund, very obtuse ; intermediate one in a deep sinus of the 
lateral lobes, linear, narrow, revolute ; the lamina occupying the 
disc is bifid at the apex, and projects a little beyond the sinus 
of the two lobes. Column terete, clavate, the apex or clinan- 
drium with two, projecting, large, subulate laciniae. Anther-case 

Fig. 1. Column and lip. 2. Front view of lip. 3. Pollen-masses: — magnified. 


snt Br« 

Tab. 4808. 
CALYCANTHUS occidentals. 

Western Calycanthus. 

Nat. Ord. Calyc anther. — Icosandria Polygynia. 

Gen. CJiar. Calyx tubo brevi urceolato, limbi lobis multiserialibus, imbricatis, 
(sBepe) coloratis, carnoso-subcoriaceis, lanceolatis, intimis minoribus. Corolla 
nulla. Stamina plurima, annulo carnoso calycis faucem claudenti inserta, inclusa, 
pluriseriata, inaequalia, decidua, exteriora duodecim fertilia ; filamentls brevissi- 
mis; antJieris oblongis, extrorsis, bilocularibus, adnatis, longitudinaliter dehis- 
centibus. Ovaria plurima, calycis tubo undique inserta, libera, unilocularia, ovirio 
unico, adscendente, anatropo, rarius geminis, altero ex apice loculi pendulo, mi- 
nimo. Styli terminales, compresso-subulati, exserti ; stigmata obtusa. Ackania 
plurima, calycis tubo carnoso inclusa, subcornea, monosperma. Semen adscen- 
dens. Embryonis exalbumiuosi recti cotyledones foliaceae, spiraliter convolutae, 
radicula infera. — Frutices Boreali-Americani, aromatici, brachiato-ramosi ; foliis 
oppositis, petiolatis, integerrimis, exstipulatis ; floribus cocetaneis, ramulos terminan- 
tibus, atro-rubentibus. Endl. 

Calycanthus occidentalis ; foliis cordato-ovatis brevi-acuminatis glabris nitidis 
supra scabriusculis subtus concoloribus, pedunculis elongatis terminalibus 
solitariis v. tends rarius lateralibus infra florem bracteatis, sepalis lineari- 
spathulatis obtusis. 

Calycanthus occidentalis. Hook, et Am. Bot. of Beech. Voy. p. 340. t. 84. 
Torrey et Gray, N. Am. Fl. v. 1. p. 476. Walp. Repert. Bot. v. 2. p. 60. 

This fine Calycanthus is handsome in its growth and foliage, 
and especially in the size and colour of the flowers, and has not yet 
had the justice done to it in the gardens of this country which 
it deserves, seeing it was one of Mr. David Douglas's introduction 
to the Horticultural Society's Garden, from California, in 1831. 
It is perfectly hardy, but a wall singularly favours the ripen- 
ing of the wood and the production of the flowers. Our plant, 
with an eastern aspect, is seven or eight feet high, and bears its 
large singularly-coloured flowers at this time (September) in 
great perfection. The wood is equally fragrant with that of the 
common Carolina Allspice {C '. fioridus) ; but the whole habit ot 
the shrub is very different. 

Descr. Glabrous in every part. Brandies erect, strict, stout, 

OCTOBER 1st, 1854. 

rounded, greenish-brown. Leaves opposite, petiolate, large, five 
to six inches long, cordato-ovate, moderately acuminate, firm in 
texture, bright full shining green on both sides, but rather paler 
beneath, slightly rough on the upper surface to the touch, scarcely 
so to the naked eye, fragrant when bruised, as are the branches 
afid every part of the wood. Peduncles elongated, thickened up- 
wards and there bracteated, with subulate bracteoles, terminal, 
and there often ternate, or in the forking of a branch ; or rarely 
lateral, from the upper leaves. Flowers scentless, large, more 
than three inches across : sepals, which may be considered to 
pass gradually into petals, all of the same uniform purplish but 
rather bright brick-colour, leathery, subspathulate, outer ones 
much reflected : the tips of all become tawny in age. Stamens 
densely crowded around the mouth of the calyx-tube. Filaments 
very short, dilated at the base. Antjiers oblong, yellow, apiculate, 
slightly villous, opening outwardly. Ovaries sunk into the bottom 
of the thick fleshy calyx-tube, as in Rosa. Pistil hairy : style 
filiform, glabrous. 

Fig. 1. Calyx-tube, from which the sepals and petals are removed, showing 
the stamens and tips of the styles. 2. The same cut open. 3. Stamen. 4. 
Pistil : — magnified. 


Tab. 4809. 


Blister ed-leaved Myrtle. 

Nat. Ord. Myrtace^e. — Icosandkia Monogyma. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 4558.) 

Myrtus bullata ; arbuscula, ramulis pedunculis petiolis costaque folii pubescen- 
tibus, foliis brevi-petiolatis late elliptico- v. orbiculari-ovatis bullatis subtus 
discoloribus, pedunculis folio brevioribus, v. sequilongis uni-bi-floris, floribus 
tetrameris, bacca (raatura) verrucosa 2-loculari oligosperrna. 

Myrtus bullata. Banks et Sol. Ic. et MS. All. Cunn. Prodr. II. Nov. Zel. in 
Ann. of Nat. Hist. v. 3. p. 115. Hook. Ic. Plant, p. 557. Hook.fd. Bot. 
of Antarct. Voy. Pars II. PL Nov. Zel. p. 70. Gray, Bot. U. S. Expl. 
Exped. v. \.p. 543. 

Like most other New Zealand persistent-leaved trees and 
shrubs, the present has a singularly dingy-brown colour in the 
foliage; and it lias a further peculiarity in the very blistered cha- 
racter of all the leaves (whence the specific name), giving them 
an appearance as if they have been scorched by fire. The flowers 
are tolerably numerous, larger than those of our common myrtle ; 
in other respects very similar ; the petals are delicately tipped 
with rose-colour. In our climate we find it necessary to winter 
it in the greenhouse ; but in the extreme south-west of England, 
and in the Channel Islands, it would probably bear the open 
air throughout the year. Its foliage, when bruised, is very fra- 
grant and aromatic. Flowers at Kew in June and July, ft is 
frequent in the Northern Island of New Zealand, where its na- 
tive name is Rama-Rama, according to Mr. Allan Cunningham. 

Descr. An erect shrub, with a somewhat arboreous stem, at- 
taining a height of from fifteen to twenty feet. Branches terete, 
slightly pubescent, very leafy. Leaves on short downy petioles, 
subrotund, or approaching to ovate or elliptical, firm, between 
coriaceous and membranaceous, more inclining to the latter, 
convex above and singularly bullate, the lateral veins being much 
sunk, and the areoles between them swollen, glabrous; the colour 

OCTOBER 1st, 1854. 

is peculiarly lurid and purplish, beneath, and the young leaves 
entirely, more purple. Peduncles axillary or terminal, solitary, 
generally shorter than the leaf, one- or two-flowered, bearing at 
the extremity, immediately at the base of the ovary, a pair of 
opposite, subulate bracteoles. Flowers moderately large. Calyx 
purple, very downy. Tube obconical, purple ; limb of four, 
spreading, broad, ciliated, dotted, concave segments. Petals 
four, nearly orbicular, concave, ciliated, white, externally deeply 
tinged with rose-red j they are faintly striated and strongly dot- 
ted. Stamens numerous, arising from a pulvinate ring at the 
mouth of the calyx-tube. Filaments white : anthers subrotund, 
yellow. Ovary inferior, two-celled. Style as long as the stamens, 

Fig. 1. Petal. 2. Flower from which the petals and stamens are removed. 
3. Transverse section of the ovary : — magnified, 

In our May Number, Tab. 4781, we have spoken of Besfontainia spinosa as 
introduced by the Messrs. Veitch " to our greenhouses ;" we should have said, 
" to our gardens and shrubberies," for it has proved perfectly hardy in the Exeter 
Nursery during four winters. 


Tab. 4810. 
CEANOTHUS Lobbianus. k^h) 
Mr. Lobb's Ceanothus. 

Nat. Ord. Rhamne/e. — Pentandria Trigvni a. 
Gen. Char. {Fide supra, Tab. 4-660.) 

Ceanothus Lobbianus; ramis patentibus teretibus, foliis elliptico-oblongis tri- 
costatis rigidis birsutulis marginibus recurvis grosse glanduloso-dentatis, 
stipulis lato-subulatis petioli longitudine, pedunculis subterminalibus nudis 
vel unifoliatis, racemis capitatis subrotundo-ovatis, fioribus densis. 

We have here another pretty, hardy, blue-flowered Ceanothus 
from California, discovered by Mr. W. Lobb, and communicated 
by the Messrs. Veitch, of Exeter and Chelsea Nurseries. It is 
one of the group whose leaves have three ribs, and therefore 
is far removed from our C. foribundus, Tab. 48 06 of our last 
number. It has some resemblance to C. thi/rsiforus, Eschs., 
but there the branches are straight, erect, and angular, the leaves 
are much larger, and flowers paler-white in our specimens in the 
dried state; as it has also to C. divaricates of Nuttall, from 
whom we have an authentic specimen before us, and other spe- 
cimens gathered by Jeffray (n. 1201), and by the officers of Fre- 
mont's Expedition to California (n. 357),. and even from Mr. \\ . 
Lobb, all agreeing in having leaves with the margins quite plane 
and fringed with very minute glandular teeth : whereas our plant 
is remarkable for the reflexed margins (both in the wild and 
cultivated state), and the conspicuous glandular teeth. In other 
respects, it must be confessed, the two have a great affinity. 
The present is every way worthy of cultivation, and is quite gay 
with its pedunculated clusters of small but thickly-placed bright 
blue flowers, which are produced in June and July. 

Descr. A moderately-sized, erect drub, with numerous, patent, 
terete, rather twiggy branches, the young ones green and downy. 
Leaves patent, alternate, rarely exceeding an inch m length, 
generally bearing young leaf-shoots in the axils, on short petioles, 
elliptical-oblong, obtuse, rigid, subcoriaceous, slightly hairy, three- 

october 1st, 1854. 

ribbed, dark green above, beneath paler and downy ; the margin 
always recurved (in cultivated as well as native specimens), and 
bearing numerous, conspicuous, spreading teeth, tipped with a 
gland : ribs and veins sunk above, prominent beneath. There 
are two, broad, subulate, scale-like stipules, one on each side the 
base of the petiole, equal in length with it. Peduncles solitary, 
rather longer than the leaves, subterminal, situated in the axils 
of the upper leaves, terminated by a capitate raceme of dark blue, 
compact fiotoers. Pedicels hairy. Calyx, with its five, deep, 
ovate segments, incurved over the germen. Petals spreading 
horizontally from between the sinuses of the calycine segments, 
cucullate, tapering below into a long slender claw. Ovary three- 
lobed, sunk in a slightly lobed fleshy annulus or disc: style 
thick, longer than the calyx-segments : stigmas three, moderately 

Fig. 1. Flower and pedicel. 2. Pistil and fleshy annulus. 3. Leaf and sti- 
pules : — magnified. 


6' I'-iri^a, 

Tab. 4811. 
BOUGAINVILLAEA spectabilis. (*9* to) 

Showy Bougainvittaa. 

Nat. Ord. Nyctagine^e. — Octandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Involucrum aut bractea magna membranacea ad basin cujusque 
floris, hinc fere ad medium insidentis, pedunculo bractea? adnato. Perigonium 
tubulosum, limbo abbreviate Stamina 7-8, inclusa, sub ovario coadunata. Stylus 
lateralis ; stigma incrassatum aut clavatum. — Frutex vel arbuscula seepe scandens 
et spinosa, floribus aggregatis et bracteis splendide coloratis spectabilia, foliis al- 
ternis .- ex America meridionali. Ckois, 

Bougainvillaea spectabilis. Willi. Sp. 2. p. 348. Spreng.Syst. Veget. 

v. 2. p. 163. Ckois. in Be Cand. Prodr. v. 13. part 2. p. 437. Paxtons 

Mag. of Bot. v. 12. p. 51 cum Ic. 
Bougainvillaea virescens et B. pomacea. Ckois. I.e. p. 437 et 438. 
Bougainvill^a Peruviana. Humb. et Bonpl. PI. JEq. v. I. p. 173. t. 49? 

Ckois. in Be Cand. Prod. I. c. p. 437 ? Nees et Mart. Nov. Act. Bonn. v. 11. 

p. 39. 
Josepha angusta. Veil. PI. Plum. v. 4. t. 16. 
Var. glabra. 
Bougainvill^a glabra. Ckois. Be Cand. Prod. I.e. p. 437. 

Many have heard of the beauty of the inflorescence of this 
subscandent, large shrub or tree, but few have been privileged 
to see it. It has been reported (see Paxton, /. c.) to have flow- 
ered for ten years in succession in the border of a stove trained 
against a back wall in the Jardin des Plantes at Paris. At length 
(for the first time, we believe, in England), in 1844, it flowered 
in the large tropical conservatory at Chatsworth. In June of 
the present year, Mrs. George Marryat, of Clinton Glen, Christ- 
church, Hants, obligingly communicated to us the specimen 
here figured, from the vinery of Mrs. West, in that neighbour- 
hood, where it blossomed when five years old, " in a vinery 
where grapes are ripened without fire, trained in a fan-shaped 
manner against the back wall, the roots confined in a compara- 

october 1st, 1854. 

tively small pot." It will be seen by our figure that the charm 
of this plant is not in the flowers themselves, which have no 
beauty to recommend them, but in the large bracteas or floral 
leaves, which in our living plant are of a full and bright rose- 
colour, and, as the branches are literally loaded with them, the 
effect must be very striking. In respect of colour however, I 
suspect these bracteas are exceedingly variable. In Paxton's 
plant they are deep purple : so green in one variety, that M. 
Choisy has constituted of it a species (B. virescens), mainly de- 
pending on that circumstance. In some of our specimens they 
are brick-red. Mr. Tweedie, in a note accompanying his speci- 
mens, says, " the trees seem all on fire with them." That all 
M. Choisy' s new species are trifling varieties I am satisfied, and 
indeed I have authority for them in my own Herbarium. His 
B. virescens is merely a variety with greenish bracteas (a pecu- 
liarity perhaps due to the plant being much shaded) ; and in- 
deed Martius 5 specimen, n. 64 in my Herbarium, quoted by 
Choisy under B. spectabilis, is this variety, as well as Mrs. 
Graham's specimen, rightly referred to in my Herbarium as B. 
virescens. Mr. Gardener's n. 5139 (B. glabra, Chois.) is simply 
a nearly glabrous state of spectabilis. Blanchet's n. 2573 (B. po- 
macea) is a specimen of spectabilis, with smallish leaves, and 
flowers and bracteas not quite developed. 

I feel doubts in regard to Bonpland's B. Peruviana as a dis- 
tinct species. The differences figured and described are but 
trifling, and the author conceives them to be of more weight, 
" car on conn ait a peine quelques plantes qui croissent a la fois 
au Bresil et au Perou." My own specimens from three loca- 
lities, on the western side of South America, lead me to the 
conclusion that they are specifically identical with the Brazilian 
plant ; and I possess specimens from the late Colonel Hall, from 
Zarumille, near Quito (I believe), from Dr. Seemann, collected 
at Quinos, Peru (n. 940), and from Warszewicz, gathered on the 
Magdalena. The spines in these specimens are straight, or 
slightly curved, or absent. 

Descr. The main trunk is quite arborescent; the branches 
numerous, long and subscandent, flexuose, more or less downy 
and spiny : spines varying much in size, and in straightness or 
curvature. Leaves petiolated, ovate, acuminate, entire, varying 
somewhat in shape, more or less acuminated, blunt, or even cor- 
date or acute at the base, varying too in pubescence ; sometimes 
glabrous. Peduncles axillary from near the apices of the very 
numerous branches, shorter or longer than the leaves, solitary, 
simple or forked, each branch bearing three large, coloured, 
membranaceous, reticulated, cordato-ovate, glabrous or downy 
bracteas, costate and veined like the leaves, in our specimen 

deep full rose-colour (and these retain their colour perfectly after 
being dried, like what are called everlasting flowers) ; one, two, 
or all three bearing a flower from the costa below the middle. 
Perianth one to two inches long on different specimens, yel- 
lowish-green, tubular; in our specimen irregularly lobed, and 
slightly expanded at the limb, hairy. Stamens eight, unequal in 
height, shorter than the perianth, united below. Anther small, 
oval. Ovary oblong-cylindrical, stipitate. Style as long as the 
ovary. Stigma linear, lateral. 

Pig. 1. Perianth, laid open. 2. Pistil and stamen: — magnified. 


Tab. 4812. 
ESCHSCHOLTZIA tenuifolia. 

Slender -leaved Eschscholtzia. 


Gen. CJiar. Receptaculum ampliatum, hypocrateriforme, limbo expanso integro. 
Calyx mitrseformis, caducus. Corolla tetrapetala, petalis unguibus fauci recep- 
taculi insertis, staminiferis. Capsula siliqueeformis, bivalvis : semina margiuibus 
valvarum affixa. Be Cand. 

Eschscholtzia tenuifolia ; foliis caespitosis, segmentis lineari-subulatis, pedun- 
culis elongatis erectis, toro tubuloso-campanulato limbo nullo, calyce brevi- 
et subobtuse mucronato. 

Eschscholtzia tenuifolia. Benth. in Trans. Hort. Soc. 2nd ser. v. I. p. 408. 
Walp. Repert. Bot. v. 1. p. 116. 

Chryseis tenuifolia. Lindl. MS. Torr. et Gr. N. Am. Fl. v. 1. p. 63. 

Botanists have been divided in regard to the propriety or ne- 
cessity of changing the name of Eschscholtzia to that of Chryseis. 
Dr. Lindley (Bot. Reg. under Tab. 1948) proposed and adopted 
the latter name, and gives the authority of a botanical friend for 
stating that the original name, Eschscholtzia, Chamisso, is the 
same with Elsholtzia (the different spelling being an error of 
the press) of Willdenow, among Labiates ; and that Willdenow's 
Elsholtz and Chamisso's Eschscholtz are father and son. I 
know not on what authority this statement is made. One would 
almost wish it were correct, so as to justify such a change. 
But Dr. Asa Gray, who had adopted this view in his and Dr. 
Torrey's ' Flora of North America,' vol. i. p. 63, has the following 
observation in the Supplement to the same volume, p. G04 s — 
" We are informed by several distinguished German Botanists 
that the Elsholtz, to whom the genus Elsholtzia was dedicated 
by Willdenow, and Eschscholtz, the companion of Chamisso, 
were not father and son, nor of the same family or name. If 
this be the case, it becomes a question whether the similarity be- 
tween Elsholtzia and Eschscholtzia is so great as to justify the 

OCTOBER 1st, 1854. 

change proposed by Dr. Lindley, and which we have adopted." 
We think not, under these circumstances : botanists, too, fre- 
quently increase the similarity of the names by writing Elsholtzia 
of Willdenow, in Labiata, Elscholtzia. 

If there be doubt or difficulty in the determination of the 
generic name, we fear that still greater difficulties attend the de- 
termination of the several species described. We give the pre- 
sent plant, with the name of E. tenuifolia, Benth., as we received 
it from our friends Messrs. Veitch, and such we believe it to 
be, for it sufficiently accords with authentic specimens of that 
species in our Herbarium ; but we are bound to say it almost 
equally accords with those of E. caspitosa and E. hypecoides. 
The able author of all these, Mr. Bentham, indeed, says of E. 
tenuifolia ; '* Stature and flowers of E. caspifosa, but easily dis- 
tinguished by its very finely cut leaves, and by the form of the 
calyx." Of E. hypecoides, he says : " Habit of E. Califomica ; 
but the leaves are much smaller, and the flowers not one-third 
of the size." An extensive suite of specimens in our Her- 
barium show that they are liable to much variation in the size 
of the flowers, in the greater or less slenderness of the seg- 
ments of the leaves, and especially in the form of the calycine 
cup ; so that I fear I may say of this present species, in relation 
to E. caspitosa and hypecoides, the same as Dr. Lindley has said 
of his Chryseis compacta (Bot. Reg. t. 1948) in relation to the 
Califomica, Lindl. (not Cham., C. Bouglasii, Hook.), and C. 
crocea, Lindl., {Califomica vera, Cham.); viz., "If they are dis- 
tinct, so is this ; but if they are only varieties of one species, this 
must be reduced to that species also." 

Even as distinguished from the larger-flowered kinds of Esch- 
scholtzia, the differences are not great ; and may be summed up 
in few words better than by a laboured description. — Our E. 
tenuifolia has a dense, compact, erect habit, a good deal branched 
near the base. Leaves very crowded, mostly subradical, two- 
thirds as long as the stems ; segments linear-subulate. Flotvers 
small, uniform, yellow ; calycine cup almost cylindrical, scarcely 
dilated at the margin. 

Fig. 1. Leaf. 2. Flower-bud. 3. Stamen. 4. Calycine cup and pistil :— 


Tab. 4813. 


Large-jlowered Whitlavia. 

Nat. Ord. Hydrophyllace^e. — Pentandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx patentissimus, 5-partitus, sinubus nudus. Corolla hypo- 
gyna, tubuloso-campanulata, tubo inflato, calyce multo longiore, intus basi squa- 
mulis 5 starainibus oppositis iisque adnatis aucto, ore subconstricto, limbo quin- 
quelobo patente. Stamina 5, squamulis corollse adnata, exserta. Ovarium spurie 
biloculare, placentis carnosis. Ovula plurima : stylus exsertus, bifidus. Capsula 
subcompressa, unilocularis, loculicida, valvis medio placentiferis. Semina nurae- 
rosa, tuberculata. — Herbse California? caulescentes, annua, glanduloso-pubescentes ; 
caulibus erectis Jtexuosis ; foliis alternis longe petiolatis indivisis ovatis grosse den- 
tatis hirsutis; floribus circinato-racemosis speciosis albo-caruleis pedicellatis ; pedi- 
cellis gracillimis secundis patentissimis glandulosis. 

Whitlavia grandiflora ; caule diffuso flexuoso, foliis subdeltoideis, corolla? tubo 

calyce duplo longiore, squamulis oblongis retusis. 
Whitlavia grandiflora. Hart, in Land. Journ. of Bot. v. 5. p. 312. t. 11. 

Walp. Repert. Bot. v. 6. p. 525. 

This beautiful annual has attracted the attention of all lovers 
of Horticulture at the C his wick Exhibitions of the present sum- 
mer (1854), having been sent by the Messrs. Veitch from their 
nurseries at Exeter and King's-road, Chelsea. The seeds had 
been the 'year before sent home from California by Mr. William 
Lobb. It was first detected in that country by the late Dr. 
Coulter, and described by Dr. Harvey, in the ' London Journal 
of Botany/ as a new genus, to which is added a second species, 
W. minor, also found by Mr. W. Lobb. The generic name 
commemorates the services rendered to Botany by Francis 
Whitla, Esq., especially to the Belfast Botanic Garden. " When 
introduced to our gardens," remarks Dr. Harvey, " the plants 
now described will probably become as universal favourites as 
the Nemophilm and Gilice (to which might have been added 
Eutoca viscosa), which they rival, or perhaps excel, in beauty." 
From Eutoca, Whitlavia is at once distinguished by the form of 

OCTOBER 1st, 1854. 

the corolla, and the scale at the base of the stamens. As a border 
plant, it is a great acquisition. 

Descr. Annual, with branched, diffuse, flexuose,.glanduloso- 
pubescent, rounded, green stems. Leaves alternate, nearly del- 
toid, or ovato-deltoid, coarsely and doubly serrated, pubescenti- 
hirsute, penninerved, on long pubescenti-glandulose petioles, ge- 
nerally longer than the leaves. Mowers large, in terminal, many- 
flowered, secund, circinate racemes. Calyx deeply cut to the 
base, into five, linear, very patent, glandulose segments. Corolla 
rich blue, with an ample* campanulate tube, slightly inflated be- 
low; the limb equal, or nearly so, of five, rounded, spreading 
lobes. Stamens five. Filaments exserted, arising each from the 
back of a scale at the base of the corolla, slightly hairy ; scale 
oblong, retuse, hairy at the apex. Anthers oblong. Ovary 
seated on a glandular disc. Style as long as the filaments, and 
hairy like them, forked at the apex. Stigmas obtuse. 

Fig. 1. Stamen and scale. 2. Pistil. 3. Transverse section of an ovary :- 




Tab. 4814. 
CEREUS Lemairii. 

Lemaires Cereus. 

Nat. Ord. CactejE.— Icosandria Monogyxia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4417.) 

Cereus Lemairii; repens, ramis longissimis flexuosis obtuse trigoms, angulis 
subremote dentatis, dentibus parvis obtusis in axilhs pulvmatis, aculeis 
1-3 perbrevibus subulatis rectis, floribus maximis speciosissimis, calycis 
glaberrimi tubo elongate squamis maximis oblongis imbncatis appressis 
subfoliaceis obtecto, sepalis numerosis erecto-patentibus (flavo-rubris) pie- 
risque petala oblonga crecta obtusa stantibus, stylo stamnnbus densissime 
compactis longiore, stigmatis radiis numerosis magnis bifidis. 

Cereus rostratus, "Lemaire"? Salm-Dyclc, Cad. Hart. Byck. p. 51 et 818? 
"Pfeifler, A. 9. Z. 1837,;?. 371. sub C. hamato"? 

We received, two years ago, cuttings of a flagelliform Cereus 
from the Royal Botanic Garden of Hanover bearing the name 
of '< C. rostratus, Lemaire." If it be really the plant so called 
and briefly characterized by the Prince of Salm-Dyck, it is most 
inappropriate*. Its stems might very well have been taken or 
those of our Cereus MacDonaldite (figured at rab. 4707); but 
we were agreeably surprised, in the month of June, 1854, to see 

* All that I can find of descriptive matter is the ^T^^^rt 
Hort, Dyck. :-« C. rostratus, Lem.; suberectus ramosus .^^J^L^S^ 
dicans, costis junioribus acutis tandem obtusis ^^.^^dSufa5S 
in parte supenore tuberculorum decnrrentium positis, aculeis M WJ^J™ 
fasciculatiJ-Caulis ramique valde ettemi mm***. !j«W **&*£; 
8-12 crassi. Flares huculjue Ujnoti. A ceteris speciebus difiert gibhs earnests, 
recurvatim rostralis, sub pulvillo positis. . . , pnt ; nn . auc i 

I have placed those expressions in italics winch ^S £ 1 - 
it will be allowed, I think, in the absence of flowers (the most una rsi 
of the plant), that there is really nothing to enable us to idei tif y 0«tf plant v, h 
that of the author; and a good deal that is at variance « ith , ? wpju * 
cannot be called "sub-erect," nor docs anything correspo nd h cart *rc 
tiuscuhe quasi hamatic," nor is there anything m our plant that an e cal 
» recurvatim rostrata » So that I hope 1 shall stand excu^ » ^"gj*^ 
new name, and in dedicating one of the most superb of the Coc*** j« ' * 
who has rendered no small service in the investigation of tins tamny. 

NOVEMBER 1ST, 1854. 

blossoms upon it, though equalling in size those of that fine 
flowering plant, yet very different in several particulars, — the 
form of the petals and sepals, for example, and especially in the 
nature of the calycinc tube : in C. MacDonaldia (and also in C. 
grandiflorus) partially clothed with minute, scattered, distant, 
shaggy or villous scales; here the tube is quite concealed by 
large, coloured, quite glabrous scales, the smallest of them al- 
most an inch long, and then gradually enlarging upwards and 
passing into the sepals. It is equally fragrant with the two 
species now mentioned, and is, like them, a night-blowing one. 
Nothing is positively known of its native country ; but it hap- 
pens that I have in my possession a drawing made in Antigua, 
undoubtedly of this species ; so that it is probably a native of 
that island. 

Descr. Stems much elongated, branched, and pseudo-articu- 
late, rooting, thicker than one's finger, dark-green, obtusely tri- 
angular, the angles toothed, teeth (or tubercles) small, distant 
about half an inch from each other, bearing an areolus in its 
axil; areoles pulvinate, bearing from one to three, very small, 
subulate, but rather thick, straight aculei. Flower arising from 
an angle of the stem, sessile, curved upwards, very large, twelve 
inches long, and nine inches across the cup-shaped perianth 
(for the flower has not the spreading sepals and petals of C. 
MacDonaldia). Calyx-tube four to five inches long, curved, an 
inch and a half in diameter, clothed with large, oblong, rather 
obtuse, leafy scales, an inch and more long, the lower ones pale 
green ; upper and larger ones yellow, margined with red, and 
these gradually pass into the sepals of the calyx, which are linear- 
lanceolate, acute rather than acuminate, the larger ones six inches 
and more long, bright tawny-yellow, streaked or margined with 
red. Within this are the large, white, oblong, obtuse, numerous 
petals, about equal in length with the inner sepals, but twice 
or thrice as wide. Stamens exceedingly numerous and densely 
crowded, pale yellow. Style very thick, pale yellow, cylindrical., 
Rays of the stigma yellow, more than two inches across, nume- 
rous, downy, bifid. 

Fig. 1. Pulvinulus and spine: — magnified. 

Our Subscribers are requested to observe, that the numbering on the descrip- 
tion of Boitgmnzilhca spectabilis should be 4s 10 (instead of 4811), and Ceanothus 
lolbianus should be 4811 (instead of 4810); and they should be transferred to 
their respective Plates. 



Tab. 4815. 
CEANOTHUS papillosus. 

Papillose Ceanothus. 

Nat. Ord. Ehamne^e. — Pentandeia Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Fide supra, Tab. 4660.) 

Ceanothus papillosus; pubescenti-hirsutus, foliis alternis petiolatis anguste ob- 
longis penninerviis dentatis supra convexis papillosis subtus tomentosis, 
papillis apice dentibusque glandulosis stipulis ovatis anguste acuminatis basi 
pinnatifidis, corymbis subpaniculatis copiosis pedunculatis terminalibus axil- 
laribusque, ovario trigono angulis apice subproductis. 

Ceanothus papillosus. Torr. et Gray, Fl. of N. Am. v. 1. p. 208. 

One of the many interesting discoveries of the unfortunate 
Douglas in California. We are not aware however that he was 
the means of introducing it to the gardens of this country. We 
arc indebted for the specimen here figured to Messrs. Veitch and 
Son, of the Exeter and King's Road Nurseries, who reared it 
from seeds gathered by Mr. William Lobb. It flowered in the 
open border, at Exeter, in June of the present year, and it will, 
no doubt, prove as hardy as the other blue-flowered species of 
Ceanothus from the same regions. Its blossom-heads are not so 
compact as in some other blue-flowered species, but this is com- 
pensated by their number on all the lesser branches. 

Descr. A moderately-sized shrub, with downy or hairy, terete 
branches, becoming brown in age. Leaves alternate, petiolate, 
rather narrow-oblong, subcoriaceous, dark green, pubescent and 
convex above, distinctly papillose, penninerved, dentate at the 
margins; papilla and marginal teeth terminated by a gland, be- 
neath pale and tomentose. Stipules, a pair at the base of the 
petioles, shorter than they, broad and ovate and pinnatifid at 
the base, tapering into a long acuminated point. Peduncles ax- 
illary and terminal, about as long as the smaller leaves, termi- 
nated by a rather paniculated corymb of small bright purple 
flowers. Pedicels and flowers quite glabrous. Calyx with five 
large, triangular, incurved segments. Petals horizontally spread- 

NOVEMBER 1ST, 1854. 

ing from between the calyx-lobes, cucullate, stipitate, or on long 
claws. Stamens five, opposite the petals, bine. Filaments erect. 
Anthers subrotund. Ovary three-lobed (the lobes prominent up- 
wards), sunk into a fleshy dotted ring or disc. 

Fig. 1. Stipules and base of a leaf, showing the papillffi and the glands upon 
papilla? and marginal teeth. 2. Flower. 3. Pistil; the ovary sunk into the 
fleshy disc : — magnified. 


Which , 


Tab. 4816. 

Serrulated-leaved Kniphofia. 

Nat. Ord. Aspiiodele.e. — Hexandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char, Perigonium corollinum, campanulato-cylindricum, limbo brevi, sex- 
dentato. Stamina 6, hypogyna -.filamenta exserta, alterna elongata. Ovarium tri- 
loculare. Ovula plurima, biseriata, horizontalia, anatropa. Stylus terminalis, fili- 
formis ; stigma obsolete trilobum. Capsula cartilagmea, ovate, obsolete trigona, 
trilocularis, septicido-trivalvis. Semina plurima, biseriata, horizontalia (triquetra, 
fusco-nigra, subtilissirae punctulato-scabrata, opaca, arillo merabranaceo laxo ru- 
guloso fusco-nigro solubili ad angulos alato-ampliato nndique involute, Kth.).— 
Herbae Capenses, scapigera ; foliis radicalibus, linearibus, canaliculaiis, disiichis; 
floribus spicato-racemosis, nutantibus. Endl. 

Kniphofia Uvaria; foliis longissiinis acuminatissimis profunde carinatis sub- 
glaucis margine carinaque praacipue minute cartilagineo-serrulatis, spiea 
ampla ovato-cylimlracea post antliesin interne insigniter contracts, floribus 
densissimis d'eflexis infundibuliformibus limbi lobis modice patentibus, 
stauiinibus exsertis. 

Kniphofia abides. Mimck, Mdh.p. 631. Kth. 3mm. PI. v, \.p. 551. 

Tiutoma Uvaria. Gawler in Bot. Mag. t. 758. Ait. Ilort. Kew. ed. 2. p. 290. 
Redouti, Liliac. £.291 {jU/ure excellent). 

TwTOMANTHE Uvaria. Link, Enum. v. I. p. 333. Roem. el Sclinlt. S//st. 
v. 7. p. 629. 

Aloe Uvaria. Linn. Sp. PI. p. 460. 

Aletris Uvaria, Linn. Maid. p. 308. 

Veltheimia Uvaria. Willd. Sp. PI. v. 2. p. 182. 

Veltheimia specicsa. Roth, Nov. PL Spec. p. 490. 

Aloe Africans, etc. Oommelyn, Jlort. Med. Amst. v. 2. p. 29. /. 15. 

" Iris uvaria promoutorii Bonoe Spei. Stapel. Theophrast. p. 335." 

Of late years visitors to the Royal Gardens of Kew have been 
much struck with the beauty of the flower-spikes of a Kniphofia 
{Tritoma of most authors), planted in several of the beds, and 
producing a most striking effect during the summer months : 
the plant here represented. In reply to the queries respecting 
its history, Mr. Smith has only to reply, that it is always what 

NOVEMBER 1ST, 1854. 

has been cultivated in these Gardens under the name of Tritoma 
Uvaria, . Gawler. The figure, indeed, of Mr. Gawler, above 
quoted, is so indifferent, that we can well excuse its not being 
easily recognized, and have no hesitation in offering a better one. 
We almost regret, but we believe it is only an act of justice, to 
change a long-established name for one, no doubt, overlooked by 
the author of Tritoma ; but we think it equally a duty to retain 
the Linnaean specific name, for the change of which there can be 
no reason at all : a name, too, given by the very old botanists. 
Although a native of the Cape, no plant can be more hardy nor 
more easily cultivated, and assuredly none more worthy of a place 
in every garden. Our specimen here represented is no unusually 
fine one : on the contrary, it becomes larger and handsomer as 
the inflorescence advances ; for then the lower flowers are pressed 
down close upon the scape, and become entirely of a full yellow 
colour (as admirably represented by Redoute), while the upper 
and less expanded blossoms are of the finest red. The species 
was introduced to our gardens 150 years ago, and yet only now 
seems to attract special notice. 

Descr. The leaves grow in dense tufts (and arise from tubers 
which are large and flattened beneath, and by means of which the 
plant increases abundantly) ; they are very long, three to four 
feet, and narrow, subulate, that is tapering to a very much 
elongated, slender point; for nearly the whole length they are 
somewhat conduplicate, so that a transverse section resembles 
the letter V; but the apex is very sharply alato-triquetrous. The 
margins and keel 'are cartilaginous and rough (to the touch), or 
minutely serrulated, especially the keel. In these serratures the 
species differs essentially from Triton/ a media, Gavvl., as well as 
from the Tritoma Burchellii of Dr. Lindley. Scape two to four 
feet high, terminated by a dense bracteolated spike of very nu- 
merous drooping flowers, at first bright red, then tipped with 
yellow, finally wholly yellow. The form of the spike is ovato- 
cylindrical, singularly contracted at the base when the flowers 
are past, for then the blossoms are pressed close to the stem, 
forming a kind of handle to the spike. Perianth slightly curved, 
infundibuliform, six-toothed or six-cleft at the apex : the teeth 
or lobes moderately patent ; the tube obscurely six-angled. Sta- 
mens exserted, unequal. Filaments inserted at the base of the 
perianth. Anthers oblong. Ovary ovate, three-furrowed, three- 
celled. Stifle rather longer than the stamens. Stigma obtuse. 

Fig. 1. Figure of an entire plant, very much reduced. 2. Flower -.—natural 
size. 3. Flower laid open. 4. Ovary. 5. The same cut through transversely : 
all but figures 1 and 2 magnified. 



Tab. 4817. 

Broad-leaved Hypoxia. 

Nat. Orel. Hypoxide.e. — Hexandria Monogyma. 

Gen. Char. Perigonium corollinuni, tubo cum ovario connato, limbo sexpartito 
piano persistente. Stamina 6, lirabi laciniis mediante disco epigyno inserta. 
Ovarium inferum, triloculare. Ovula pluriina, biseriata, amphitropa. Stylus 
liber; stigmata 3, augulis styli adnata, rarius distincta. Cap&ula limbo emarcido 
coronata, trilocularis, evalvis. Semina plurima. — Herbse permmss, habitu Curcu- 
liginis, floribus spat/ia bivalvi bracteaform v. subglumacea exceptis. Endl. 

Hypoxis latifolia; tubere globoso solitario, foliis lato-lanceolatis acumiuatis 
glabris basi vaginatis demum iuterioribus longissimis, racemis plurifloris, 
bracteis ciiiatis, ovario turbinato. 

In the spring of 1854 some bulb-like tubers were, along with 
many other rare plants, brought to us by Captain Garden, then 
of the 46th Regiment, from Natal. The tubers in question threw 
out leaves with the habit of those of some Orchis, particularly of 
our Orchis hircina, but more numerous and more sheathing at 
the base : from the axils of the leaves the flower-stalks arose, 
bearing spikes, or rather racemes, of moderately-large yellow 
flowers, having all the character of those of Hijpoxis, to which 
genus I consequently refer it, notwithstanding the dissimilarity 
in the foliage. In this foliage there was a further peculiarity, 
namely, that after flowering (in which state it is here represented) 
the upper or inner leaves continued elongating till they attained 
two feet in height, giving the mature foliage a very different ap- 
pearance from that which it had in the flowering state of the 
plant. Its nearest affinity is probably with H. obtusa Burch. 
in Bot. Reg. f. 159 ; and the flowers are there equally large 

Descr. Tuber bulbiform, the size of a small turnip, rounded, 
obscurely concentrically striated, shaggy at the top, from which 
arises the cluster of leaves: of these, the lower are squamitorm 
upwards, gradually becoming larger, and which in the flowering 
state are about six inches long, broad-lanceolate, acuminated, 

NOVEMBER 1ST, 1854. 

striated, quite glabrous, much sheathed at the base : the inner 
or upper ones the narrowest, and these, after the flowering of 
the plant is past, gradually elongated, till they become, from 
the base, two feet long ; of one such a portion is here repre- 
sented at fig. 1. Bacemes spicate, many-flowered, pedunculated, 
appearing before all the leaves are perfected. Peduncles axillary, 
solitary or two together, shorter than the leaf, in whose axil they 
are produced. Bracteas linear-lanceolate, ciliated and hairy at 
the back, the base embracing the very short pedicels. Flowers 
large, bright yellow, externally green. Tube of the perianth com- 
bined with the germen, six-furrowed ; limb of six, spreading, oval, 
obtuse segments. Stamens nearly as long as the lobes of the 
perianth, erecto-patent. Anthers orange-coloured. Ovary tur- 
binate, the upper portion only free. Style short : stigma large, 
of five, linear lobes. The flowers died off without producing 
any fruit. 

Fig. 1. Outline of a portion of a fully-grown leaf, after the flowering of the 
plant : — natural size. 2. Bractea, and flower from which the segments of the 
perianth and the stamens have been removed : — magnified. 



Tab. 4818. 

BEFARIA ^stuans. 

Glowing Be/aria. 

Nat. Ord. Erice^:. — Pentandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4433.) 

Befaria (Bstuans ; ramis pedunculis calycibusque septemfidis ferrugmeo-tonieii- 
tosis, foliis oblongo-ovatis acutis planis subtus glaucis ferrugineo-tomentosis 
tomento demum obsoleto, racemis terminalibus, floribus amplis, petahs 7 
obovato-spathulatis erecto-pateutibus, staminibus 7-14 corolla brevionbus, 
stylo corollam superante. 

Befaria eestuans. Mulls, ex IAnn. Mant. p. 242. Sappl. p. 247. Vent. Clioix 
des Planter sub n. 52. Bonpl. PL Mqmn. v. 1. p. 120. p. 118 De Card 
Prodr. v. 7. p. 731. Lindl. and Paxt. Fl. Garden, p. 85. Sprang. Syst. 
Veget. v. 2. p. 458. 

Acunna oblonga. Ruiz et Pav. Fl. Perm. Syst. p. 123. 

The Andian genus Befaria is an essentially beautiful one; 
but, we suspect, very variable, and one that requires to be studied 
with great caution, for the well determining of the species . 
Our specimen, here figured, was derived from the Messrs. Veitch 
as a hardy greenhouse shrub ; and they imported it through their 
collector, Mr. William Lobb, who detected it m the province of 
Chacapoyas, at an elevation of 8000 feet above the level of the 
sea. Dr. Lindley's plant, figured in the 'Flower Garden, was 
obtained from the same source, Messrs. Veitch's .N ursery ; but 
it differs from our plant in the much longer style, in the pre- 

* We are the more led to make this remark because the authors of the 
■ Flower Garden,' 1. c. p. 84, have, as it appears to ^<*>™*f.* "7 J™ 
in stating that the B. coarctata, figured by us at our Plate 4433 is ^tthejo- 
arctata of Humboldt and Bonpland. This is, perhaps inferred from Uie acci- 
dental mistake on our part of omitting the synonym of the Plant* -^poo- 
tiales,' and bv comparing the figure in their own work, instead of compa.n g 
with that of Humboldt and Bonpland. It would otherwise *"*""£** 
ours is the true coarctata, with the petals patent and a short style, ins tead ot 
having the petals erect and subparallel, and the style almost twiceas long as 
the corolla. 

novembeu 1st, 1854. 

sence of coarse hairs on the branches, calyx, and flower-stalks, 
and in the margins of the leaves being fringed with blackish 
bristles. Bonpland also speaks of a degree of hairiness, which 
our plant does not possess, and it is probably, like the ferru- 
ginous down beneath the leaf, of a fugacious character. In 
other respects our plant sufficiently accords with his figure. It 
appears to be found in New Granada, as well as in Peru. 

Descr. A shrub, according to Bonpland, attaining a height of 
eight feet : the branches, peduncles, and calyx, clothed with soft, 
ferruginous, woolly down. Leaves scattered, elliptical-ovate, on 
short petioles, acute, pennincrved, coriaceous, green (pale in our 
specimen) above, somewhat glaucous beneath, and there more or 
less clothed with rusty down or wool, more so in the younger 
foliage. Corymbs terminal, of several large, fine, rose-coloured 
floioers. Calyx deeply seven-lobed j lobes oval, close pressed to 
the base of the corolla. Petals erecto-patent, obovato-spathulate. 
Stamens varying from seven to fourteen, unequal, but all shorter 
than the corolla. Filaments curved, thickened, and hairy at the 
base. Anthers opening by two pores at the apex. Ovary sub- 
rotund, seven-celled. Style a little longer than the corolla. 
Stigma a convex, five-lobed disc. 

Kg. 1. Calyx and pistil. 2. Stamen. 3. Ovary. 4. Section of ovarv :— 


h del et lith. 

Tab. 4819. 

Flame-flowered Blandfordia. 

Nat. Ord. Arphodelb^. — Hexandria IMonogynia. 

Gen. Char. Perigonium corollinum, tubuloso-campanulaturo, limbo breviter 
6-lobo aequali. Stamina 6, basi tubo inserta; filamenta filiforraia, inclusa. Ova- 
rium pedicellatum, triloculare. Ovula plurima, biseriata, horizontalia, anatropa. 
Stylus subulatus ; stigma simplex. Capsula prismatica, trilocularis, tripartibilis, 
introrsum dehiscens. Semina in placentis suturas marginantibus plurima, hori- 
zontalia, testa laxa, pubescente. Embryo rectus, dimidio albumine longior, ex- 
tremitate radiculari umbilico proxima. — Herbac in Nova Hollandia orientali ex- 
tratropica indigent, radice fibrosa, foliis radicalibus linearibus elangatis, caulinis 
distantibus abbreviatis, racemo terminali abbreviate, pedicellis bibradeatis, bractea 
altera interiore laterali minore, floribus puniceis cemuis. Endl. 

Blandfordia yfawwzm; foliis longissimis linearibus sensim acuminatis glauco- 
virescentibus acute carinatis, marginibus carinaque scabriuscnlis, scapo su- 
perne bracteato, racemis plurifloris, inflorescentia? bracteis subherbaceis pe- 
dicello triplo brevioribus, perianthio campanulato basi solummodo contracto, 
limbi laciniis iuterioribus latioribus, staminibus perianthium sequantibus. 

Tritoma flammea. Lindl. in Journ. of Hort. Soc. v. 5. p. 32. Poet. Mag, of Bot. 
v. 1. p. 353 {cum ic). 

We have seen in the Kniphoffia, or Tritomas, among the As- 
p/todelea (Liliaceous plants), how variable are the species, in a 
measure perhaps owing to cultivation ; and we fear other genera 
of the same natural group will he found to depart from the 
normal type of their respective species, under peculiar circum- 
stances. Blandfordia will probably not prove an exception. We 
would therefore speak with caution as to distinctive characters ot 
what have been adopted in this genus. Plants under the names 
of Blandfordia nobilis and B. (jrandflora have long been known 
in our gardens, and both of them figured in botanical works. 
B. nobilis (of which the figure in Smith's < Exotic Botany is the 
acknowledged type) is given at our Tab. 2003 by Dr. buns; 
but B. grandifiora, given by Mr. Gawler in Bot. Keg. t. 024, 

DECEMBER 1ST, 1854. 

we feel sure is not the plant of Mr. Brown, as indeed is inti- 
mated by a passage in the text. We fear it is only B. nobilis 
with the peduncles less developed than usual. The true B. 
grandiflora, with long peduncles and longer and very slender 
membranaceous bracts, is that published by Dr. Lindley, Bot. 
Reg. 1845, t. 18, under the name of B. marginata, Herb. It 
is a native of Van Diemen's Land, where Mr. Gunn finds it 
abundantly and at various elevations from the level of the sea to 
4000 feet of elevation. It is readily distinguished by the short 
stamens inserted about one-third the way down from the mouth 
of the tube. This is the plant, as Mr. Brown suspected, which 
Labillardiere figures, Fl. Nov. Holl. t. Ill, under the name of 
Aletris punicea. Dr. Lindley has (Bot. Reg. I.e.) under t. 18, 
two other species of Blandfordia, viz. : 

1. B. Backhousii, of which he says, "The flowers resemble 
those of B. marginata (B. grandiflora, Br.), and their bracts of 
the same nature, but narrower and weaker and not one-half the 
length of the slender flower-stalks." This is numbered 241 by 
Mr. Gnnn, and we fear is only an accidental variety of the true 
grandiflora. We have copious specimens with the same number 
attached, which are undoubtedly that plant. And 

2. B. Cunninghamii, which we believe to be a very distinct 
species, discovered by Allan Cunningham, but the locality was 
unknown to Dr. Lindley. Fine specimens of the same plant are 
in our Herbarium, gathered in the Blue Mountains : but so va- 
riable were the species of Blandfordia considered by that prac- 
tical Australian botanist Mr. Cunningham, that he has indicated it 
as " B. nobilis : very luxuriant specimens from a stiff and clayey 
bank, beneath a permanent elevated peaty bog." 

Again, there is in the miscellaneous portion of the same volume 
of Bot. Reg., from Mr. Herbert, B. intermedia, " a garden plant, 
imported from New Holland under the name of B. grandiflora," 
but the description does not suffice to enable us to offer any 
opinion upon it. 

And lastly, we have the fine species here figured, unquestion- 
ably the most beautiful and distinct of all. Our specimen wa3 
sent to us by Dr. Mackay, from the Dublin Botanic Garden. 
The root was brought from the Sydney Botanic Garden (under 
the name of B. grandiflora) four years ago by Lord Walter Butler, 
to the Countess of Carrick, who presented it to Dr. Mackay. It 
appears to have been introduced to Sydney from Hunter's River, 
whence we have native specimens in the Herbarium gathered by 
the late Lady Parry. We further possess specimens from Port 
Macquarrie, gathered by Mr. Backhouse in 1836, and still finer 
ones gathered by the late Mr. Bidwill at Wide Bay, North-east 
Australia, by Mr. Bynoe, from near Sydney. 



Tab. 4820. 
TRICHODESMA Zeylanicum. 

Ceylon Trichodesma. 

Nat. Ord. Boragine^e. — Pentandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx 5-partitus v. profunde 5-fidus, ssepe accrescens, lobis e 
basi lata nunc auriculata attenuatis. Corolla calyce vix longior, tubo late cylin- 
draceo, fauce nunc fornicata, interdum ad sinus intrusa, lobis e basi lata sajpius 
acuminato-subulatis et tunc sestivatione dextrorsum convolutis. Stamina tubo 
corolla; inserta, saepius limbo patente exserta ; antheris iilaraento multoties ma- 
joribus, in conum conniventibus, dorso plus minus villosis, apice saepius longe 
subnlatis et dextrorsum contortis. Pollen subspheericum. Nectarium nullum. 
Ovarium 4-loculare, ovato-acutum aut depressum, subquadrilobum. Omla ex 
angulo superno pendentia, anatropa. Stylus filiformis. Stigma subsimplex. 
Nuculce 4-1, basi clausae, columna? centrali quadrangulari ventre toto adnatae. 
Semen obovoideum, funiculo brevissimo pendens, exalbuminosum. Radicula su- 
pera, cotyledonibus ovalibus brevior. — Herbs nunc basi snffrutescentes, Asiatics 
et Africans {Australasia) erectee, ramosa, pilis nunc basi tuberculatis. Folia al- 
terna aut opposita, sessilia, Integra. Pedicelli later ales, fior em subaquantes, kispidi, 
in racemos dispositi. Flores pro ordine majusculi. Alph. De Cand. 

Trichodesma (§ Cynoglossoides) Zeylanicum; caule erecto parce setoso, foliis 
oppositis subsessilibus oblongo-lanceolatis haud attenuatis supra sparse se- 
tosis subtus junioribus pubescentibus et parce setulosis, pedicellis patentim 
hispidis lateralibus longis unifloris in racemum dispositis, cal. lobis ovato- 
lanceolatis villosis. A. De Cand. 

Trichodesma Zeylanicum. Br. Prodr. Nov. Holl. p. 496. Lehm. Asperif. n. 
149. Poem/et Sch. Syst. v. 4. p. 69 et 753. A. Be Cand. Prodr. v. 10. 
p. 172. 

Borago Zeylanica. Linn. Mant. 202. Jacq. 1c. Par. v. 2. t. 314. Burm. Fl. 
Ind. v. 41. £14./. 2. 

Trichodesma Kotschyanum. Fenzl. in PI. Kotsch. p. 542, et PL Schimp. v. 2. 
p. 625. 

Our plant, from which the accompanying figure is taken, was 
raised from seeds gathered by Mr. Drummond in Western Aus- 
tralia, in about south lat. 27°; and that zealous botanist, to whom 
the plant was quite new, has stated in his journal — " A fine plant 
belonging to Asperifolice appears in great abundance and perfec- 
tion on the sand-banks in the sheltered bed of the Irwin river ; 

DECEMBER 1 ST, 1854. 

it grows to be six or eight feet high, with numerous branches, 
which terminate in panicles of large, bright-blue, Borage-like 
flowers. The anther, style, and stigma are, at the time of flower- 
ing, covered by a curious calyptra, formed by five scales, which 
rise from the back of the anthers at the mouth of the tube of the 
corolla, free at the upper half and spiral, coining to a sharp point, 
firmly united to each other by interlaced cilia. The style comes in 
contact with the pollen of the anthers in passing up through this 
covering, but ultimately rises above this calyptra, forcing open 
the spiral portion, which, as soon as it has passed, closes on the 
style and stigma. The plant is perennial, with a sort of woody 
stem five or six inches in diameter (circumference?) near the 
ground. It rises readily from seed, and would be a great orna- 
ment to the gardens and shrubberies of Perth." This proved to 
be, as was suspected, a Trichodesma, Br.; and the T. Zeylanicum at 
this point of Australia attains its southern limit. Mr. Brown found 
it in Tropical Australia, and upon this species established his genus. 
It has been further gathered on the north-west coast of Australia 
by Mr. Bynoe (Voyage of the Beagle), at Port Curtis by J. Mac- 
gillivray, Esq., then in H.M.S. Rattlesnake, and by Mr. Fraser 
at Moreton Bay, in about the same latitude in Eastern Australia 
that the Irwin is on the west.* In all the warm parts of India 
this species is abundant, as well as in Madagascar, Abyssinia, 
and even in French Guiana. We have only reared a few plants 
in pots in a warm greenhouse, comparatively of small size ; and 
if they ripen seed, we shall try in the open air, where they would 
probably flourish in summer, and greatly improve in the size of 
the flowers, as well as of stem and foliage. 

Descr. An erect plant, with perennial root, and probably 
perennial stem in the tropics, everywhere piloso-hispid, and fre- 
quently with white concretions at the base of the large seta?. ; but 
the nature of the hairs is very variable on different plants, so that 
Mr. Brown was led to make the remark : — " Planta polymorpha 
prsesertim strigarum et pubescentias copia." Branches terete. 
Leaves lanceolate, varying much in width in different individuals, 
tapering at the base, but sessile. Racemes terminal, leafy, few- 
flowered, drooping. Calyx of five, deep, lanceolate, acuminated 
lobes, as long as the corolla. Corolla rather deep and fine blue, 
with five small white areola? or spots at the base ; the shape is 
infundibuliform, the lower part of the tube contracted, above 
spreading, cup-shaped, in which cup the stamens are sunk ; the 

* Another species, as it is considered, is the T. svriceum of Lindley, gathered 
by Major Mitchell in the subtropical interior, and by Mr. Collie at Flinders 
Bay, South-west Australia. It has altogether a different clothing to the whole 
plant, pubescenti-appressed and silvery, rather than rough with hispid hairs and 

segments of the limb five, spreading, subrotund, almost aristate 
at the point. Anthers five, arising from the mouth of the tube, 
sessile, erect, each linear-subulate, very hairy, cohering by the 
intertexture of the long lateral hairs; the apices are spirally 
twisted. Ovaries four, sunk into a large fleshy disc or expan- 
sion of the base of the style ; the latter is very slender. Stigma 

Fig. 1. Pistil. 2. Corolla laid open. 3. Inside view of a stamen : — magni- 


Tab. 4821. 

EPIPOGON Gmelini. 

Gmelins Epipogon. 

Nat. Ord. Orchide^:. — Gynandria Monandria. 

Gen. Char. Flores resupinati, pedunculis brevibus non contortis sed bracteatis 
insidentes. Perianthii lacinice exteriores subscquales, patentes ; dua? interiores 
exterioribus similes. Labellum erectum (superum) trilobum, lobis lateralibus 
parvis patentibus, lobo terminali maximo, integerrimo, concavo et punctis elevatis 
notato, basi in calcar inflatum et adscendens desinens. Gynostemium oblongum, 
rectum, supra stigma in androclinium magnum, profundum et apice truncatim 
dilatatum. Anthera stipitata sed androclinio inserta, subrotunda, gibba, antice 
mucronulata, bilocularis, loculis longitudinaliter dehiscentibus. Pollinaria duo, 
oblonga, caudiculata, caudiculis supra basin pollinariis affixis, basi junctis, sub 
anthesi reflexis et proscollae solutse adglutinatis. Pollen sectile. Staminodia 
obsoleta. Proscolla magna cordata, emarginaturae androclinii supra stigma ad- 
hasrens. Stigma valde prominens, transversim ellipticum. Germen non con- 
tortum, ovatum, uniloculare, multiovulatum, ovulis spermophoris tribus parietab- 
bus affixis. Fred. Nees. 

Epipogon Gmelini. Ledeb. PI. Ross. v. 4. p. 77. 

Epipogum Gmelini. " L. C. Richard, de Orchid. Purop. Annot. p. 36." 

Epipogium Gmelini. Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orchid, p. 383. Fred. Nees, Gen. Plant. 

Germ, cum Ic. 
Epipogium aphyllum. Reichenb. Fl. Excurs. p. 135. 
Limodorum Epipogium. Stc. Nov. Act. Tips. v. 6. p. 80. 
Satyrtum Epipogium. Linn. Syst. Veget.p. 676. Jacq. Fl. Austr. t. 84. 
Epipogum. Gmel. Fl. Sib. v. \.p. 22. tab. 2./. 2. 

Even upon the continent of Europe, Dr. Fred. Nees calls this 
a "planta rarissima;" and it is singularly gratifying to us that 
the first figure of it published in this country, should be from a 
specimen, an undoubted native of England. It was discovered 
on the 9th of September of this year (1854), as related in the 
'Journal of Botany' for October, by Mrs. Anderton Smith, the 
lady of the Rev. Anderton Smith, at Tedstone Delamere, Here- 
fordshire. " All the specimens were found at the foot of a very 
steep woody bank, clo^e to a brook ; the soil very wet and stiff." 

DECEMBER 1ST, 1854. 

That it has remained so long undiscovered in this country, and 
that it is still considered so rare on the Continent, is due to the 
fact of its having no foliage and no conspicuous colours to at- 
tract attention j or it may have been passed by for some of our 
other colourless and aphyllous plants. Once known to be a 
native of Britain, other stations may be expected to be soon 
detected. Various localities are given in the middle and north of 
Europe, from Switzerland, Austria, the Caucasian Provinces, to 
Sweden, and westward as far as Lake Baikal, and the River 
Irkut, Province of Tunka. It was first known as a Siberian 
plant, and admirably described and figured by Gmelin (/. c.) 
under the name of " Epipogum* ," a little more than a century 
ago. Linnaeus referred the plant to Limodorum, and called the 
species Epipogmm, — quoting the synonym of Gmelin also incor- 
rectly as Epipogium. This spelling of the word has by authors 
been adopted, till Richard, in his ' iVnnotationes,' as quoted by 
Lindley, named the plant u Epipogum Gmelini." At length Lede- 
bour gave the generic name the usual termination, " Epipogon ;" 
but he refers to authors whom I have not the means of consult- 
ing u Patze, Meyer et Elkan Flora d. Provinz Preussen, p. 93," 
in justification of the change. I have adopted the same 
as the most correct, and quite in accordance with that of the 
original author. Mr. Brown however, in his Prodromus Nov. 
Holl. p. 330, under Gastrodium, is the first of the later botanists 
(1810) to allude to Epipogium as a genus: "Affinitatem haud 
levem habet cum Epipogio (quod Limodorum Epipogium, Sw.) t 
prsesertim anthera decidua cum polline e particulis elastice cohae- 
rentibus, necnon stigmate ad basin columnar elongatao sito." — 
Lindley indeed places it in his Division Gastrodie^e of his fifth 
Tribe Arethuse^e. 

It is observed by M. Schlauter, in Fred. Nees' * Flora Euro- 
psea,' that the plant does not appear annually in the same spot, 
but every two years : the swollen branches of the root eventually 
becoming new flower-stems, and requiring two years to be per- 

Descr. Parasitic ? Boot a mass of thick, branching, fleshy 
fibres, very much resembling that of Corattorhiza innata, the 
apices of the branches often swollen (said to be incipient flower- 
stems). Stems a span or more high, arising from a thickened 
branch, or portion of the root, swollen a little above the base, 
and there articulated ; the rest of the stem is erect, terete, of a 
pale reddish or tawny colour, speckled with red, of a fleshy or 
almost waxy texture, and sheathed with three or four membra- 
naceous, inconspicuous scales, terminating in an erect raceme 

* M Epigogum dixi, quia barba (by which he means, the labellum) hujus flons 
mverso ordine disposita est." Gmel. 

of four to five or six moderately-sized flowers. Pedicels short, 
not longer than the small fleshy bracts. Sepals and petals all 
directed downwards, but curved forwards, narrow-lanceolate, 
nearly equal, pale sulphur-yellow. Lip superior ; it may be de- 
scribed as ovate in general form, of a thick and fleshy texture, 
the ground-colour white, three-lobed; the lateral lobes small, 
ovate, obtuse, moderately spreading, the middle lobe large, sud- 
denly reflexed, acute, having a cavity (and externally a tubercle 
corresponding with it a little below the apex) ; the whole upper 
surface studded with soredia, or small rough prominences, ar- 
ranged in lines, and of a rose-colour; the base beneath is pro- 
longed into a large pouch or blunt spur, as long as the ovary ; 
this is white, tinged with purple. Column rather short, terete, 
and somewhat gibbous below, apterous above, flattened in front, 
and bearing the stigma. Anther-case terminal, subhemispherical, 
erect, two-celled. Pollen-masses two, tapering into slender stalks, 
which are attached to a white triangular gland. Ovary straight, 
not twisted, short, three-lobed, nearly turbinate, yellowish, 
streaked with pale red. 

Fig. 1. Front view of a flower. 2. Side view of a labellura, with the spur. 
3. Column and anther. 4. Pollen-masses -.—magnified. 


WYiMi .id 


Tab. 4822. 
CRESCENTIA macrophylla. 

Large-leaved Calabash-tree. 

Nat. Ord. Crescentiace^e. — Didynamia Angiospermia. 

Gen. Char, emend. Calyx deciduus, bilabiatus, lobis integerrimis. Corolla 
subcampanulata, tubo elongate, fauce magna ventricosa, limbo inaequaliter 5-fido 
vel crenato aut fimbriato-laciniato. Stamina 4, cum rudimento quinti. Anthem 
biloculares, loculis divergentibus. Discus glandulosus, ovarii basin cingens. Stylus 
elongates. Stigma bilamellatum. Ovarium unilocular^ multi-ovulatum. Fructus 
globosus, ovatus vel ellipsoideus, cortice lignoso, spurie 2-loculans, intus pulpo- 
sus. Semina plurima. Albumen nullum. Embryo magnus.— Arbores vel fru- 
tices arborescentes America tropica, foliis allemis sohtanis vel fasciculahs, sim- 
plicibus vel trifoliolatis, pedunculis e trunco ramisve ortis, corollis rubentibus, vi- 
rescentibus, vel virescentibus purpureo etjlavo variegatis. Seem. 

Crescentia macrophylla ; arborea, glaberrima, foliis alterms solitaries omnibus 
siraplicibus obovato-lanceolatis breviter acuminatis versus basin longe cune- 
atis integerrimis, nervo (unico) utrinque acuto, petiolis valde incrassatis, 
corrolk (virescente) campanula, tubo curvato ventncoso, limbo subregu- 
lari fimbriato-laciniato, lamellis stigmatis fimbriatis, fructus . . . 

Crescentia macrophylla. Seem, in Hook. Jouru. of Bot. and Kew Misc. v. 6. 
p. 274. 

Ferdinandea superba. Hort. Germ. 

At present there are cultivated in the Royal Botanic Gardens 
at Kew the four species of which, according to our recent revision 
the genus Crescentia, as far as we know it, is composed Ot 
these, two (C. alata, H. B. K., and C. cucurbihna, Linn.) have 
been raised from seeds received at various times from South 
America; the third {C. Cujete, Linn.) has been m cultivation 
in several gardens, for a great number of years ; and the fourth 
(C. macrophylla, Seem.) was imported, not long ago, from the 
Continent^ where it is generally known under the name oiFer- 
dinandea superba. A glance at the Botanical Magazine figure 
(Tab 4822) and description, however, will at once show that it 
has nothing to do with either Ferdinandea ov Ferdmandusa of 
Pohl, a Rubiaceous genus, or with Ferdinanda of Lagasca 
belonging to Composite, or with Ferdinandczia of Ruiz and 

DECEMBER 1ST, 1854. 

Pavon, a well-known genus of Orchidea ; but is, as far as we 
may venture to say without having seen the fruit, a true species 
of Crescentia. Its native country is still unknown ; but, j udging 
from the habit of the plant, we think it must be Tropical Ame- 
rica. Crescentia macrophylla must, on account of its fine foliage, 
rendering it what German gardeners term a " Blattpflanze," be 
regarded as a desirable acquisition to our hothouses, and we 
have no doubt that it will soon make its way into almost every 
horticultural establishment. 

Descr. The largest of the plants cultivated in the stoves of 
the Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew is about seven feet high; 
but we have received information that, in the Botanic Garden 
at Schoneberg, near Berlin, there are specimens growing which 
measure more than twelve feet in height, making it probable 
that this species attains the size of a tree. The petioles and 
young branches are purple ; and the leaves, which are alternate, 
simple, obovate-lancet, with a short acumen, and cuneate at the 
base, measure occasionally fifteen inches in length, and in the 
broadest part from two to three inches across. The peduncles, 
growing out of the old wood, are about one and a half inch, and 
the calyx one inch, long ; both calyx and corolla (the latter being 
greenish) are furnished with glandular dots. The style and the 
stamens are as long as the tube of the corolla. The ovary is uni- 
locular. The ripe fruit is still unknown. Seemann. 

Fig. 1. Lower portion of corolla, showing the four fertile stamens, and the 
one rudiment of the fifth. 2. Glandular disc surrounding the ovary, style, and 
stigma -.—all slightly magnified. 


Vincent Brooks Imp. 

Tab. 4823. 
NYMPILEA Amazonum. 

Amazon Water-Lily. 

Nat. Ord. Nymph.eace,e. — Polyandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Cliar. {Vide supra, Tab. 4257.) 

NymphjEA blanda ; glaberrima, foliis suborbiculato-cordatis mtegris vel magis 
minusve sinuato-dentatis lobis obtusis subincumbentibus petiohs infra fo- 
lium annulo villoso instructis, filamentis exterioribus subpetaloideis omnibus 
fertilibus, antheris exappendiculatis, sepalis petalisque aaquilongis obtusis, 
stio-matis proeessubus (tot quot radii) longissimis teretibns clavatis erecto- 


Nymphs Amazonum. Mart, et Znccar. Abhandl. der Math.-Phys. Clam der 
Bauersch. Akad. v. I. p. 363. TTalp. Repert. Bot. Syst. v.l. p. 101. Lehn. 
iiber die Gattung Nymphaer, n. 48. Planch, in Ann. So. Nat. Sme sent, 
torn. 19. p. 48. 

NYMPHJSA Lotus. Lunan, Jam. v. 2. p. 271. 

NYMPHiEA blanda? Macfad. Fl. dam. p. 19. 

Nymphs A fmtida. Gar An. USB. » Herb. Bra:, n. 2177. 

A very pretty night-flowering species of Water-Lily which 
has been sent by W. T. March, Esq., of Spanish Town Jamaica, 
to Mr. Moore, of the Glasnevin Botanic Gardens, Dublin, under 
the name of N. nocturna. It was not surprising that that gen- 
tleman should consider it to be a new species seeing tha i it 
possessed so remarkable a structure as seen in the large club- 
shaped processes of the stigma, and which till la ely se rata 
have been altogether unnoticed,* or most imperfe ctl y descr be i 
fat once saw that the specimens obligingly sent by Mr Moore 
corresponded with Guiana ones in my Herbarium, winch I had 
with some doubt referred to 2K blanda, Meyer, Fl. E seqne b. a 
species of the same locality, but miserably descnbed,-for he 

. ! • • f™+ « TTnrtiis Tamaicensis,' describes his N. Lotus 

been generally considered to be. 

DECEMBER 1ST, 1854. 

takes no notice of the club-shaped processes, and compares the 
species with the N. nitida, Sims, in Bot. Mag. t. 1359 ("cm 
inter omnes maxime affinis"),— a Siberian plant, and probably 
a mere form of our N. alba. Yet, singular enough, he gives as 
a synonym, N. glandulifera of Rodsche (I know not where de- 
scribed), so named in all probability on account of the presence 
of these large club-shaped glands or processes, but of which 
Meyer says, " Nomen Rodscheio, stigmatis radiis pro glanduhs 
habente, huic stirpi impositum, quia ex errore prodiit, rejecimus. 5 
Thus, by unintentionally confessing his own blunder, he leads us 
to believe in the presence of these bodies. Meyer probably mis- 
took them for an inner series of stamens. M. Planchon's third 
section of Nympkaa, Hydrocallis, is mainly distinguished by 
their presence, and includes seven species, all tropical American ; 
among them the K Amazonum of Martius and Zuccarini, which 
differs from the blanda in little save the presence of a sub- 
membranaceous hairy ring at the top of the petiole, just below 
its insertion on the leaf. We refer our plant, then, to that, 
rather than to N. blanda, which is destitute of that ring, and 
must leave it for future investigation to determine how far the 
character is constant. 

Descr. Our plant can be described in few words. Leaves 
suborbicular, cordate, obtuse, coriaceo-membranaceous, entire or 
sinuato-dentate, glabrous, bright-green above, usually reddish 
beneath, the sinus at the base very deep, the lobes large, obtuse, 
generally slightly overlapping ; the length in our specimen little 
more than four inches, but they often attain three or four times 
that size. Petiole terete, purple, having at the summit, just 
below the insertion upon the leaf, an evident hairy or villous 
ring. Mower very fragrant, rather small, between three and 
four inches in diameter, opening at about eight or nine in the 
evening. Sepals four, yellow-green, purple at the base, and 
often streaked with purple in interrupted lines, oblong, obtuse. 
Petals scarcely shorter than the calyx, yellowish- white, about 
twenty-five ; outer ones green on the back ; inner the smallest. 
Stamens about as many as there are petals ; outer ones with 
somewhat petaloid filaments ; inner linear. Anthers linear, scarcely 
appendiculate. Stigma yellow, downy, with about twenty-two 
rays, and from beneath each ray arises a clavate fleshy body, 
almost an inch long, curving over the top of the stigma, and 
collectively forming a crown around it. 

Fig. 1. Ovary, with its crown of club-shaped processes. 2. Inner stamen. 
Outer stamen : — magnified. 

We have given up so much space to the endeavour to clear 
up some of the difficulties attending the study of the genus 
Blandfordia, that it is scarcely necessary to enter into any length- 
ened descriptive matter on this particular species. The leaves 
are long and slender, very slightly rough to the touch on the 
edges and keel. The flowers, when living, are almost exactly 
campanulate, and the stamens are longer than in another species 
we know, a little exserted, and arising from the edge of the 
very small contracted portion of the tube near the base. The 
ripe fruit is remarkably acuminated. Dr. Mackay's finest spe- 
cimen had the flower-stalk three feet and a half high, and in all 
had fifteen flowers upon it : it should be treated as a greenhouse 

Fig. 1. Flower with the campanulate portion of the perianth removed. 2. 
Pistil. 3. Immature fruit. 4. Transverse section of the same -.—magnified. 


ftteh. -id.etLti 

"Sacent Br 

Tab. 4824. 

ONCIDIUM incurvum. 
Curved Oncidium. 

Nat. Ord. Orchideje.— Gynandria Monandria. 

Gen Char Perianthium explanatum. Sepala sarins undulate, lateralibus 
nunc ublabdloconnatis. Pella conform ia. ^^m^,^™^ 
cum columna continuum, varie lobatum, ^ tttbe ^^ fl ^S ^ nc T 
libera semiteres apice utrinque alata. Anthem semi-biloculans, rostello nunc ao 

glandula oblonga.-Herbae e P i P ^, ™£^^^%JX 
paniculati vagiriati, ranus simphces. Mores speaosi, s<rpui 


Oncidium (§ Euoncidium) ta«; ^^^^^^S 
s 4 Pnstitis di-triphvllis, foliis ensiformibus acutis, scapo elongato racemoso 

tricostata, columna subaptera. Io»$. 
Oncid,™ incuvvum, Barker in So,. B*., 1M0, **■ »*■ «■ ** *» 

1845,*. 64. 

A well-marked species of a most ^JW^jS • 
dueed to our Gardens, as appears from the Botemca R c att . 
by Mr. George Barker of Birmingham, but no locality u .given 
for the species. We are enabled to state that t a nat m ot 
Mexico, Whence it has been sent by *^J»£ t£& 

wants the long beak to the anther-case , , •. 

Descr. IWo-Mfe ovate or oblong «Jg-J* ™ | the 
pitons, with about three elevate rf« on Mta-^-^ 
younger ones bearing a pair of leaves at ine oase , 


(1854), p. 304. 

DECEMBER 1ST, 1854. 

bulb, and a pair, rather larger, terminating it : these leaves are 
linear-ensiform, rather acute, channelled at the base. Scape 
from an angle of the pseudo-bulb and from within the base 
of the leaf, erect, flexuous, one and a half foot long, jointed, 
sheathed with scales at the joints. Panicle moderately large; 
branches spreading, constituting racemes of flowers. Sepals and 
petals nearly uniform, spathulato-lanceolate, spreading, undula- 
ted, the latter moderately incurved, all of them white, blotched 
with reddish-purple. Labellum three-lobed; two lateral lobes 
(at the base) small, patent, obtuse ; intermediate lobe dilated 
at the extremity, where it is subreniform; the colour white, 
blotched with purple ; the disc at the base crested and tuber- 
culated. Column short, moderately winged. Anther-case hemi- 
spherical. Pollen-masses as in the genus. 

Pig. 1. Flower, from which the sepals and petals are removed: — magnified.