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Full text of "Curtis's botanical magazine."

CURTIS'S 

BOTANICAL MAGAZINE, 



r-**>"^**" 



COMPRISING THE 



pants of tf)t a&opal <gartmts: of Suto, 



OF OTHER BOTANICAL ESTABLISHMENTS IN GREAT BRITAIN ; 
WITH SUITABLE DESCRIPTIONS; 



BY 



SIR WILLIAM JACKSON HOOKER, K.H., D.C.L. Oxon., 

LL.D., F.R.S.A. AND h.S., DIRECTOR OF THE ROYAL GARDENS OF KEW. 

VOL. XL Q 

OF THE THIRD SERIES; 
{Or Fol.LXXXI. of the Whole Work.) 




" Another Flora there, of bolder hues 
And richer sweets, beyond our garden pride 
Plays o'er the fields, and showers with sudden hand 
Exuberant iprlng " TJtowwm 



LONDON: 
LOVELL REEVE, HENRIETTA STREET, COVENT GARDEN. 

1855. 




JOHN EDWARD TAHOB, I'UINTl.li. 

«1K, LINCOLN'S INN FIELDS. 



DR. THOMAS THOMSON, M.D., F.R. & L.S., 

SURG. H.E.I.C, 



SUPERINTENDENT OF THE 



HON. EAST INDIA COMPANY'S BOTANIC GARDEN OF CALCUTTA, 



THE WORTHY SUCCESSOR OF 



K KOXBUBGH, A WALLICH, AND A FALCONER, 



E|)c present Folume is ©etucateti 



\ TRIBUTE OF AFFECTIOS LSD ESTEEM 



THE AUTHOR. 



Royal (Jardens, Kew, 
December. 1855. 



INDEX, 

In which the Latin Names of the Plants contained in the Eleventh 
Volume of the Third Series (or Eighty-first Volume of 
the Work) are alphabetically arranged. 



Plate. 

4840 
4871 
4832 
4864 
4842 
4890 
4841 
4855 
4852 
4846 
4883 
4835 
4839 
4834 
4854 
4879 
4845 
1837 
1,880 
4889 
4888 
483S 
4844 
4887 
4886 
4853 
4828 
4825 
4861 
1866 
4856 
4870 
4837 



Abutilon insigne. 
Achimenes heterophylla. 
/Echmea mucroniflora. 
Akebia quinata. 
Albuca? Gardeni. 
Amphicome Eraodi. 
Begonia Natalensis. 

— uropbylla. 

Bcrberis Bealei. 



var. planifolia. 



Billbergia rhodocyanea. 

■ Wetherelli. 

Brownea grandiceps. 
Burlingtonia decora. 
Canna Warszcwiczii. 
Campanula primuL-rfiora. 
Chameedorea elegans (mas). 

Ernesti-Augusti (mas). 

Clerodcndron faiidum. 
Coelogyne specdosa. 
Cordia superba. 
Crawf'urdia fascirnlata. 
Cymbidium giganteum. 
Delphinium cardinale. 
Dendrobium SfacCarthias. 
Dendrochilum glumaceum 
Dipladenia acuminata. 

Havrisii. 

Diplothemium littorale. 
Drymonia villosa. 
Embothrium coccincum. 
Eremurus spcctabilis. 
Escallonia pterocladon. 



Plate. 

4848 Eupomatia lamina. 
4847 Garcinia Mangostana. 
4860 Genetyllis macrostegia. 

4858 tulipifera. 

4831 Geonoma eorallifera. 

4876 Gilia dianthoides. 

4873 Helianthemum Tuberaria. 
4826 Hoya (Otostemma) lacunosa. 
4872 Leptodactylon Californicum. 
4865 Nicotiana fragrans. 
4878 Odontoglossum macnlatum. 
4836 Paphinia cristata. 

4829 Pentaraphia Cubensis. 

4881 Phygelius Capensis. 
4869 Physosiphon Loddigesii. 

4877 Rheum acuminatum. 
4863 Rhododendron Californicuin 

4875 Keysii. 

4859 retusum. 

4884 Salvia asperata. 
1874 ■ carduacea. 

4843 Sciodacalyx Warszcwiczii. 

4882 Sobralia l'ragrans. 

4885 Stanhopea ecornuta. 
4862 Streptocarpus Gardeni. 
4850 polyanthus 

4867 Stylophorum diphyllum. 
4833 Talinum polyandrum. 

4868 Thermopsis barbata. 

4851 Thyrsacanthus Schomburgkianus 

4849 Tradescantia Marteusiana. 
4857 Trichopilia coccinea. 

4830 Warrea discolor 



INDEX, 

In which the English Names of the Plants contained in the 
Eleventh Volume of the Third Series (or Eighty-first 
Volume of the Work) are alphabetically arranged. 



Plate. 

4840 
4871 
4832 
4864 
4842 
4890 
4855 
4841 
4979 
4852 
4846 
4883 
4835 
4839 
183 I 
4854 
4845 
4837 

4880 
4889 

4888 
4838 
4844 
4886 
1853 
4828 
1825 
4861 
1866 
4856 
4870 
4827 
4848 



Abutilon, handsome-flowered. 
Achimenes, various-leaved. 
iEchmea, spiny-petaled. 
Akebia, five-leaved. 
Albuca, Captain Garden's. 
Amphicome Emodian. 
Begonia, caudate-leaved. 

Natal. 

Bell-flower, primrose-leaved. 
Berberry, Mr. Beale's Chinese. 

ditto ; flat-leaved var. 

Billbergia, blue and red. 

Mr. Wetherell's. 

Brownca, cluster-flowered. 
Burlingtonia, neat. 
Canna, Warszewicz's. 
Chamtedorea, elegant (male). 

Ernest -Augustus's 

(male). 
Clerodendron, fetid. 
Coelogyne, showy. 
Cordia, large white-flowered. 
Crawfurdia, fascicle-flowered. 
Cymbidium, gigantic. 
Dendrobium, Mrs. MacCarthy's. 
Dendrochilum, glumaceous. 
Dipladenia, acuminated. 

— - Lord Harris's. 

1 b'plothemium, sea-shore. 
thymoma, shaggy. 
Embothrium, scarlet. 
Knmurus, showy. 
Bacallonia, winged-branched. 
Eupomatia, laurel-like. 



Plate. 
4860 

4858 
4831 
4876 
4826 
4887 
4872 
4847 
4878 
4836 
4829 
4881 
4869 
4859 
4863 
4875 
4877 
4873 
4884 
4874 
4848 
4882 
4849 
4885 
4862 
4850 
4867 
4833 
4868 
4851 
4865 
4857 
4830 



Genetyllis, large-involucred. 

tulip-bearing. 

Gconoma, coral-bearing. 
Gilia, pink -like. 
Hoya, fun-owed. 
Larkspur, scarlet-flowered. 
Leptodactylon, Californian. 
Mangosteen, or Mangostan. 
Odontoglossum, spotted. 
Paphinia, crested. 
Pentaraphia, Cuba. 
Phygelius, Cape. 
Physosiphon, Mr. Loddigcs'. 
Rhododendron, blunt-leaved. 

" ' — — Californian. 

■ Mr. Key's. 

Rhubarb, sharp-leaved Sikkini. 
Rockrose, truffle. 
Sage, rough-leaved. 

thistle-leaved. 

Sciodacalyx, Warszewicz's. 
Sobralia, fragrant. 
Spiderwort, Marten's. 
Stanhopea, hornless. 
Strep tocarpus, Captain Garden's. 

many-flowered. 

Stylophorum, two-leaved. 
Talinum, many-stamened. 
Thermopsis, shaggy. 
Thyrsacanthus, Schomburgk's. 
Tobacco, sweet-scented. 
Trichopilia, red-flowered. 
Wai-rea, discoloured. 



tftt 




del. dtlth 



Vincent Brooks Imp. 



Tab. 4825. 
DIPLADENIA Harrisii 

Lord Harris s Bipladenia. 



Nat. Ord. Apocyne^e.— Pentandria Digynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4702.) 



Bipladenia Harrisii; scandens fruticosa glabra, foliis amplis obldhgo-ovatis 
acuminatis, racemis axillaribus folio brevioribus, floribus ante expansioncra 
nutantibus, lobis calycinis ovatis obtusissimis intus squamula laterali auctis, 
corolla tubo inferne constricto basi inflate, squamis hypogynis 5 oubdigitatis 
basi in cnpulam ovaria superantem unitis, staminibus ad constrictionem 
tubi corollso insertis, antheris villosis. 

Dipladenia Harrisii. Purdie, MS. 



An inhabitant of the banks of the Caroni, and to the eastward 
of Mount Tain an a, Trinidad, where it was recently discovered by 
Mr. Purdie, the intelligent superintendent of the Botanic Garden 
of that island. Dried specimens and excellent drawings by Miss 
Fuller and Mr. Cazabon, and descriptions and living plants, 
were at once sent to us by its discoverer, and from them we 
have profited, as well as from superb flowering specimens sent 
to us by Messrs. Veitch and Sons, who are the first to have 
flowered it in Europe, in September, 1854. Mr. Purdie well 
observes of it : — " This fine plant is not surpassed by any one of 
its congeners, whether we consider the size and beauty and fra- 
grance of its flowers of metallic lustre, or its entire habit." The 
very buds are handsome, large and drooping, with a blend- 
ing of red into a full and clear yellow, which colours however 
become more brilliant in the fully expanded corolla. The very 
blunt calycine segments, and the peculiar nature of the hypo- 
gynous glands, forming together a rather large lobed and fim- 
briated cup, differs, as Mr. Purdie justly observes, from most of 
our known Dipladenia; but we apprehend it as good a Dipla- 

JANUARY 1ST, 1855. 



denia as many of the species referred to it. It is, we need 
hardly add, a stove plant, and a more highly ornamental one can 
scarcely be imagined ; most appropriately named in honour of 
Lord Harris, the late able Governor of Trinidad, and a great friend 
to science. The following is chiefly from Mr. Purdie's accurate 
notes. 

Descr. Fruticose, scandent, branched; branches glabrous, te- 
rete. Leaves opposite, the largest of them ten to fifteen inches 
long, four to five broad, oblong, approaching to ovate, tapering 
to a point, submembranaceous, pinnately veined, often purplish 
beneath. Petioles scarcely an inch long, stout. Racemes axil- 
lary and terminal. Pedicels often an inch long, red, bracte- 
ated, curved downwards so as to be quite subsecund, while the 
flowers are in bud. Calyx of five, deep, subimbricated, ovate, 
obtuse, slightly concave, green lobes or segments lying close to 
the swollen base of the corolla : each has within, at the base, near 
the margin, an orbicular toothed scale; two of the lobes are 
smaller than the other three. Corolla large, handsome, fra- 
grant, full glossy yellow, the tube tinged externally with red, and 
internally streaked with the same colour, forming bifid rays on 
the limb, which latter is three and a half inches across : tube 
funnel-shaped, contracted below, the base itself swollen or in- 
flated and five-ribbed, lobes of the limb large, spreading, subro- 
tund. Stamens included, inserted at the constriction near the 
base of the tube ; filaments short, downy j anthers sagittate, hairy 
at the back, each side below terminating in a spine. Ovaries 
two, glabrous, surrounded by five large fimbriated or almost 
digitated glands, united at the base into a cup. Styles united • 
stigma clubbed, bifid at the apex, sheathed by the anther 



Two of the calycine lobes. 4. Stamen seen from within : — 



magnified. 



IfSZG 




Tab. 4826. 

HOYA (Otostemma) lacunosa. 

Furrowed Hoy a. 



Nat. Ord. Asclepiade^e. — Pentandria Digynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4347.) 



Hoya (Otostemma) lacunosa; scandens radicans, foliis mediocribus carnoso- 
coriaceis ellipticis basi apiceque acuminatis petiolatis obscure penninerviis 
nervis immersis, pedunculis solitariis interpetiolaribus, umbellis multifloris 
planis, laciniis calycinis ovatis marginibus carinaque denticulatis, corollae 
rotatse carnosse velutino-villosse lobis triangularibus demum reflexis, corona? 
stamineae foliolis navicularibus concavis. 

Hoya lacunosa, Blume, Bijdr. p. 1063. Bene, in Be Card. Prodr. v. 8. p. 838. 
Blame, Rumphia, v. 4. t. 184. f. 2. 

Otostemma lacunosum. Blume, Rumphia, I. c. p. 30. Mus. Bot. Lugd. Bat. 
v. 1. p. 59./. 11. JFalp. Annul. Bot. Syst. v. 3. p. 65. 



A native of the trunks of trees, not only in Java, but in other 
islands of the Indian Archipelago, according to Blume. In habit 
and mode of growth this species reminds one of the Hoya Bella, 
figured at our Tab. 4402 ; but it is much less elegant and 
attractive, and wants the pink eye which gives such effect to 
that species. The Indian Archipelago abounds in species of the 
genus once ranked under Hoya, and even by Blume himself; 
but this genus is now, by that author, divided into several 
genera j and to the present species he has, in the letterpress to his 
' Rumphia' above quoted, but not on the plate, given the generic 
name of Otostemma* " Ab Hoya" he says, " recedit dentibus 

* " Calyx 5-partitus. Corolla rotata, quinquefida, laciniis revolutis. Corona 
staminea pentaphylla, gynostegio elevato adnata ; foliolis navicularibus, carnosis, 
divaricatis, supra concavis, angulo interiore in dentem antheram superantem pro- 
ducto, subtus appendice deorsum bidentata auctis. Antheree stigmati incum- 
bentes, apice simpbees, acuta;. Pollinia basi affixa, erecta, approximata, line- 
aria, compressa. Stigmata obsolete apiculata. Folliculi lseves. Semina plu- 
rima, ad umbilicum carnosa. — Herba Archipelagi Indici, in arboribus radicans ; 
foliis oppositis v. rarius verticillalis, carnosis, glabris ; umbellis longiuscule pedun- 
culatis ; floribus parvis, albidis." Blume. 

JANUARY 1st, 1855. 



coronse staminese super antheras protractis, cujus foliola subtus 
esulcata singula appendice bidentata sunt prsedita, necnon an- 
theris simplicibus baud raembrana terminatis ;" and he adds, 
" Alias quoque stirpes sub Hoy a militantes ad hoc genus re- 
fcrendas esse probabile videtur ; qua de re diligens florum explo- 
ratio docebit." — Not being aware of the minute differences at 
the time our drawing was made (March, 1854), our artist's 
attention was not directed to them ; and perhaps science will 
not suffer by considering Otostemma a group or section of Hoya, 
at any rate till we are better acquainted with its affinities. The 
flowers are fragrant, which is a recommendation. We owe the 
possession of the plant at Kew to Mr. Lowe, of Clapton. 

Descr. A climbing shrub, with' green branches, two to three 
feet in length ; branches terete, throwing out roots from various 
points, especially where the leaves are inserted. Leaves op- 
posite, elliptical, lanceolate, between coriaceous and fleshy, acu- 
minated, marked above with a depressed line or midrib, and 
with a few horizontal depressed veins (whence the name, we 
presume, of lacunosa). Petioles short, thick. Peduncles inter- 
petiolary, generally shorter than the leaf, solitary, bearing a flat- 
tened umbel of numerous flowers. Pedicels thickened upwards. 
Calyx of five, ovate or elliptical, rounded lobes, denticulate on 
the margins and keel. Corolla rotate, greenish-yellow, the five 
lobes eventually reflexed, the inner surface clothed with a circle 
of velvety hairs. Staminal crown of five, spreading, lanceolate 
foliola, concave at the top and embossed in the centre. 



Fig. 1. Leaf. 2. Flower. 3. Calyx and pistils -.—magnified. 



\S27 







Tab. 4827. 
ESCALLONIA pterocladon. 

Winged-branched Escallonia. 



Nat. Ord. Saxifrages. — Pentandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Cliar. (Fide supra, Tab. 4473.) 



Escallonia pterocladon ; fruticosa raruosissima, ramis alte sinuato-alatis alis 
cdiatis, foliis brevi-petiolatis parvis lanceolatis coriaceis nitidis glaberrimis 
glanduloso-serratis, floribus numerosissimis axillaribus solitariis nutantibus 
secundis spicas foliosas formantes, pedicellis brevibus bracteolatis, calycis 
tubo turbinate laevi laciniis triangulari-subulatis marginibus parce glandu- 
losis, petalorum unguibus in tubum cylindricum approximatis, stylo basi 
glandula epigyna (seu toro) magna apice laciniata vaginato. 



" A decidedly hardy shrub, four to five feet high, an abundant 
bloomer, and fragrant." These are recommendations for a bushy 
plant with leaves like a small-leaved myrtle, and very pretty, al- 
most Epacris-like flowers, white tinged with red. It inhabits 
Western Patagonia, where it was detected by Mr. Wm. Lobb ; 
and it flowered in the open border at the Messrs. Veitch and 
Son's Nursery in July, 1854. There are two South Chilian 
species of this genus described and figured by Poppig, viz., 
Escallonia alpina and U.forida (Nov. Gen. et Sp. t. 13 et 14) ; 
but the former has obovate leaves, and only a few terminal, 
erect flowers upon the branches : the latter is extremely dif- 
ferent in the structure of the flowers, and neither of them has 
the curiously-winged branches. These wings indeed, in a mea- 
sure, disappear on the older branches and stems, for they crack 
and peel off. 

Descr. A small much-branched shrub, with spreading 
branch's: the old wood clothed with loose, cracked, papyra- 
ceous bark : the branches red, straight, rigid, singularly angled, 
and winged with vertical ake, which are sinuated and downy or 
fringed at the edge. Leaves scattered, copious, small, the largest 
of them less than half an inch long, patent or often reflexed, per- 
manent, lanceolate, acute, coriaceous, dark-green, shining, penni- 

JANUARY 1ST, 1855. 



nerved, subglanduloso-serrate, tapering below into a very short 
petiole. Flowers copious on all the younger branches, solitary 
from the axils along their whole length, secund, drooping : the 
leaves however pass into minute bracteas at the apex ; so that a 
whole branch may be considered a leafy raceme. Pedicels short, 
red, bearing two, lanceolate, opposite bracteoles, with very con- 
spicuous glandular serratures. Calyx-tube quite glabrous, tur- 
binate, even (not angled), the lower half incorporated with the 
ovary, the limb or free portion divided half-way down into five 
acuminated teeth, with two or three glandular serratures on their 
margins. Petals spathulate : the claws broad, erect, and so ap- 
proximate as to form a cylindrical tube, white, tinged with red : 
the lamina obovate, spreading. Stamens included. Style thick, 
broader upwards, as long as the claws of the petal, for one-third 
of its length sheathed by a torus or large epigynous gland, fim- 
briated at the apex. Stigma large, peltate. 



Fig. 1. Portion of a winged branch, with leaves, and a flower. 2. Flower 
from which the stamens and petals, and part of the calyx, are removed. 
3. Petal: — magnified. 



ItSZS 







Tab. 4828. 
DIPLADENIA acuminata. 

Acuminated Diptadenia. 



Nat. Ord. Apocyne^e. — Pentandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4702.) 



Dipladenia acuminata; fruticosa scandens glaberrima, foliis brevi-petiolatis 
elliptico-ovatis breviter acuminatis reticulatim venosis basi cordatis, squa- 
mis stipulaceis carnosulis laciniatis, racemis terminalibus (axillaribusque ?) 
plurifloris, pedicellis elougatis (demura spiraliter tortis), laciniis calycinis 
longe subulatis strictis erecto-patentibus tubi corolla? parte cylindracea 
contracta dimidio solummodo brevioribus, corolla? tubo superne campanu- 
lato limbi lobis insigniter acuminatis. 



To Messrs. Veitcli and Son, of the Exeter and the King's- 
road (Chelsea) Nurseries, we are indebted for the specimen of 
the very beautiful Brazilian Dipladenia here represented, in 
July, 1854. We confess that, on a cursory glance, we were led 
to consider it the same as the I), crassinoda* Lindl. Bot. Reg. 
1844, t. 64 (assuredly however not the D. crassinoda of De 
Candolle, — Echites crassinoda of Gardner) ; but, besides the 
greater size and beauty of the blossoms, the calyx is very dif- 
ferent, and no less so the very acuminated lobes of the corolla. 
Dipladenia splendens too (Bot. Mag. t. 3976, sub Echitem), has 
a good deal of resemblance to our plant in the size and colour of 
the flowers ; but the calyx and corolla of that species are also 
very different, and the petioles want the curious fleshy stipula- 
ceous scales which are so remarkable in D. acuminata and D. 
crassinoda (Lindl.). The present is, no doubt, a very distinct 

* Echites crassinoda of Gardner (Hook. Lond. Journ. of Bot. v. 1. p. 544, 
and n. 250 of Mr. Gardner's Herb. Bras.) is a small shrubby (not scandent) 
species, referred doubtfully by De Candolle to Dipladenia; and is nearly allied 
to Echites (Dipladenia) airopurpurea, Lindl. (see Bot. Keg. 1843. t. 27). 

January 1st, 1855. 



species, and may vie in beauty with B. Harrisii of our present 
number. 

Descr. A climbing shrub, everywhere glabrous. Leaves op- 
posite, on short petioles, between ovate and elliptical, submem- 
branaceous, shortly acuminate, penninerved and reticulated, the 
base cordate. Where the petioles are inserted upon the branch 
are two, fleshy, herniated, somewhat stellated, conspicuous, sti- 
pulaceous scales. Raceme subpaniculate, in the only specimen 
we have seen terminal, many-flowered ; pedicels curving up- 
wards, at length spirally twisted. Flowers very large line deep 
rose-colour, streaked with deeper red at the faux. Calyx cut to 
the base into five, long, straight, erecto-patent, subulate lacinia, 
half as long as the contracted portion of the tube of the corolla 
Corolla green in the bud, very large when fully expanded. The 
tube infundibu liform, campanulate in the upper half, and con- 
tracted and cylindrical and white in the lower half: limb full 
lour inches across: the lobes spreading horizontally, oblique 
subrotund, but tapering mto a long acumen. StanL inserted 
at the summit of the contracted portion of the tube, and sheath- 
ng the stigma and top of the style. Filaments very short An- 
fS r^ if hh A m ? "«. , mHeS tW °> With an ^use, fleshy 
A™Z&£ ****"*• %^mted, filiform. Sti,l 



glanli^ d StipUl ^ SCaIeS - 2 " Sta-ns. 3. Kail and hypogynous 



US'19 




Tab. 4829. 
PENTARAPHIA Cubensis. 

Cuba Pentaraphia. 



Nat. Ord. Gesneriace^s. — Didynamia Angiospermia. 



Gen. Char. Calyx tubo obconico 5-10-costato cum ovario connato, limbo su- 
pero, laciniis 5 subulatis aestivatione valvatis interdum summo apicc inter se 
contortis; corolla tubo veatricoso campanulato vel cylindraceo, ima basi interdum 
constricto, limbo oblique bilabiato 5-lobo, lobis rotundatis subsequalibus magis 
minusve crenato-fimbriatis. Stamina corolla? tubo infimo inserta, didynama, ex- 
serta, rudimentum quinti sterile ; anthera dorso affixae, biloculares, primum per 
paria cohserentibus, post anthesin coriaceaa. Stylus filiformis, stamina saspius su- 
perans; stigma obscure bilobum. Discus epigynus annulatus, prinio integer, si- 
nuatus, dein quinquies vel multifariam divisus. Ovarium uniloculare, placentis 
duabus parietalibus subcontiguis bipartitisque multiovulatis ; oralis anatropis. 
Capsula calyce coronata infera, summo apice incomplete bivalvis, valvis medio 
placentiferis. Semina minima, basi et apice attenuata, testa cellulosa tenuis, al- 
bumen parvum, carnosum, album, embryo cylindraceo-oblongus in axi albuminis, 
radicula teres, cotyledones ovatse contiguse. — Frutices Antillani glabri resinosi 
ramosi ; ramulis it/feme nudis ; foliis ad ramulorurn apicem congestis dentalis sti- 
pulates ; floribus solitaries axillaribus vel scepius umbellaiis. Dene. 



Pentaraphia Cubensis; ramis epidermide tenui lamellosa cinerascente vestitis, 
foliis obovatis vel obovato-cuneatis superne crenatis vel dentato-crenatis 
obtusis inferne integris in petiolum brevissimum attenuate subtus reticu- 
lars, pedunculis folio brevioribus, calycis segmentis subulatis, corolla tubu- 
losa, capsula obconica quinquenervata. Dene. 

Pentaraphia Cubensis. Dene, in Aim. Sc. Nat. 3rd Ser. v. 6. p. 98. IFalpers, 
Repert. Dot. v. 6. p. 735. Lindl. Journ. of Ilort. Soc. v. 5. p. 86, cum Ic. 



A warm greenhouse suffices for the successful cultivation of 
this pretty Gesneriaceous shrub, a native, as its name implies, 
of the island of Cuba, where it was discovered by Mr. Linden, 
growing about St. Yago, Pinal de Nimanima. Through Mr. 
Linden living plants have been received at our Nurseries, and 
the Kew Gardens are indebted to Mr. Henderson, Pine-apple 
Place, for our plant here figured. Coining from such a source, 
we cannot doubt but ours is the true plant of M. Decaisnc. 

Descr. A small shrub, with erect terete branches, glabrous, as 
is every part of the plant. Leaves alternate, in shape not unlike 

JANUARY 1ST, 1855. 



those of Myrica Gale, being obovate-lanceolate, coarsely serrated 
in the upper half, cuneate below, and tapering into a short foot- 
stalk, dark green above, pale beneath, penninerved. Peduncle 
an inch to an inch and a half long, slender, axillary, single- 
flowered, curved downward, bearing two opposite subulate bracts 
below the middle. Flower drooping. Calyx-tube incorporated 
with the ovary, turbinate, five-angled ; limb of five, spreading, 
subulate laciniae. Corolla red, with the tube nearly cylindrical^ 
curved, broadest in the middle; limboi five, nearly equal, rotun- 
date, fringed, spreading lobes; mouth with a dark border, yellow 
in the throat. Stamens as long as the tube : fifth stamen reduced 
to a short subulate filament. Epigynous ring large, fleshy, si- 
nuated. Style exserted. Stigma capitate, nearly entire. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Stamens. 3. Pistil and epigynous ring ■—magnified. 



j<Yo< 




W.Filxkclfil.etlith.. 



Tinceiit Bi 



Tab. 4830. 
WARREA discolor. 

Discoloured Warrea. 



Nat. Ord. Orchide^.— Gynanduia Monandma. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4-766.) 



Wareea discolor; labelli lobo medio orbiculari retuso (disco purpureo) laterali- 
bus serniovatis augustis iiou eormiventibus, appeadice carnosa subquadrata 
multisulcata apice digitato-laciniata. 

Warrea discolor. Llndl. in Journ. Sort. Soc. Loud. v. 4. p. 265. 



Under our Warrea quadrata (Bot. Mag. Tab. 4766) is noticed 
the affinity of that with another species of Dr. Lindley, W. dis- 
color : " the flowers, however/' it was observed (of W. quadrata) 
" are larger and more fleshy, with no purple but in the centre and 
upper half of the lip ; and is essentially known by the appendix 
at the base of the lip being nearly square, about three-toothed in 
front, and deeply furrowed ;— that of W. discolor is uniformly 
digitate in all the specimens I have seen." Lindl. 

We have now the pleasure of figuring the W. discolor, which 
shows the correctness of Dr. Lindley's observations. The speci- 
men was received in May, 1854, from Mr. Jackson, of the King- 
ston Nursery, who purchased it, as well as the former species, at 
one of the sales of Mr. Warszewitz's Central American Plants. 
We observe the leaves to be considerably narrower than in W. 
quadrata. . 

Descr. As in W. quadrata, we do not find any distinct pseudo- 
bulbs ; the leaves have equitant bases, upon winch the leafy por- 
tion is jointed. These leaves are about a span long, erect, sub- 
membranaceous, rather narrow-lanceolate, striated, attenuated 
below, sharply acuminated at the point. Scapes radical, single- 
flowered, shorter than the leaves, terete, bracteated ; bractea dis- 
tant, sheathing, brown, membranaceous. Flowers large, droop- 
ing. Sepals patent, lanceolate, white. Petals ovate, shorter and 
broader than the sepals, obtuse, white with a taint tinge of por- 

\ EBRUARY 1ST, 1855. 



pie, erecto-patent. Lip large, broadly obovate in general outline, 
white, with the disc deep purple, gradually fading into white to- 
wards the margin : the sides of the lip are moderately involute, 
and represent the two lateral lobes, which do not almost meet as 
in W. quadraia ; the intermediate lobe is suborbicular and slightly 
retuse : at the base of the lip within is a large, fleshy, almost white 
appendage or crest, with many furrows, and fringed or digitate 
with many subulate segments. Column short, concealed by the 
moderately involute sides of the lip, club-shaped, white. Anther- 
case small. Pollen-masses four, inserted upon a large, triangular 
caudicle. 



Fig. 1. Lip. 2. Column. 3. Pollen-masses: — magnified. 



' t 83l 







T/mcent Brooks TmJ 



Tab. 4831. 
CHAMiEDOREA Ernesti-Augusti (fcem.). 

Ernest- Augustus Chamadorea {female). 



Nat. Ord. Palmace^:. — Dicecia Hexandria. 

Gen. CJiar. Mores dioici, in spadice ramoso sessiles, ebracteati. Spatlue 
plures, membranacese, compressaB, persistentes. — Masc. Calyx exterior cupu- 
laris, 3-lobus ; interior 3-sepalus ; sepalis rotundatis, erecto-conniventibus, pra? - 
floratione valvatis. Stamina 6, e fundo calycis ; filamenta teretia, brevi;i ; an- 
t/terce lineafi-oblongse. Ovarii rudimentum. — Fg:m. Calyx exterior cupularis, 
tripartitus; interior ut in masc. v. tridentatus (Mart.). Staminum rudimnita 
nulla. Ovarium 3-loculare. Stigmata 3, sessilia, parva, acuta. Bacca 1-sperma 
(aut profunde triloba, trisperma? Mart). Albumen rcquabile, corneum. Em- 
bryo dorsabs, basim versus situs (lateralis, Endl). — Palmae minor es. Caudex 
arundinaceus, annulatus. Frondes terminates vet lateralis, pinnatifissce v. pinnatce ; 
pinnis rachi subverticaliter adnatis, planiusculis ; petiolis vaginantibus. Spadices 
sparsi et vage ramosi (ramis teretibus), infra, rarius inter frondium vaginas lon- 
giusculas sessiles; fructiferi corallino-rubentes vet aurei. Spathse membranacea, 
spadice increscente apice perfossa, in ejus pedunculo magis minusve persistentes. 
Flores fiavescentes et virescentes. Baccee globorn vet subglobosa, parce carnosa, 
minusculce. Kih. (ex Mart, et Endl.) 



ChaM/Edorea Ernesti-Augusti {Jem.); caudice 3-5-pedali arundinaceo annu- 
lato erecto basi radicante apice dilatato folioso, foliis petiolatis circumscrip- 
tione obovatis basi cuncatis profunde bifidis margine sfcpissime_grosse ser- 
ratis raro subincisis, petiolis folio brevioribus basi insigniter dilatatis ara- 
plexantibus, pedunculis axillaribus pctiohun superantibus solitariis iuferne 
sensim angustioribus erectis, spathis 3-1 vaginalis persistentibus, spadice 
pedali et ultra cylindracco coriaceo-carnoso deinum coccineo, calyce albo 
primum immerso, petalis cocciueis. 

Cham.eborea Ernesti-Augusti. JVendland in Allgemeine Gartenzeit., March, 
1853, No. 10. Ejusd. Index Palmar, p. 12. 



Notwithstanding the invaluable labours of a Martins, the study 
of the Palms is still attended with great difficulties ; nor is this 
to be wondered at, when it is considered how few, like Martins, 
have the opportunity of studying them in their native countries, 
and of observing their various phases in the form of leaf, etc., at 
various periods of their growth, or arising from different locali- 

eebruary 1st, 1855. 



ties. The majority of them are also very unsuited to afford 
specimens that can be of practical utility in the Herbarium, to 
say nothing of the time and trouble required for preparing good 
specimens. Happily the culture of the Palms in our stoves has 
of late years prevailed, both in our own country and upon the 
Continent, and very many species have produced their flowers 
with us : but still there remains the difficulty of reconciling our 
species with those that have been figured and described, too 
often from imperfect samples. 

The little Palm before us, which does not appear to exceed, if 
equals, the height of a man, attracts attention by the rich, 
coral-like, simple, thick, and fleshy spadices, almost a foot long, 
—while young, green indeed, but then studded with the red fe- 
male flowers, placed at considerable distances from each other. 
With quite the habits of a Geonoma, and much resembling more 
than one species of that genus figured by D'Orbigny in his 
1 Voyage dans l'Amerique Meridionale,' it is nevertheless a true 
Chamadorea, a graceful genus of small reed-stemmed palms, pe- 
culiar to the tropical parts of South America, of which forty-two 
species are given in Wendland's ' Enumeratio Systematica Cha- 
maedorearum.' The present is a native of Tabasco, in New 
Granada, where it was found by Mr. Linden, and was received 
by us from Mr. Linden, under the name of " Geonoma sp." 
Mr. Wendland indeed, in his useful « Index Palmarum,' tells us 
that in different gardens this plant has gone under the name of 
Uiamcedorea latifrons, Ch. simplicifrons, Geonoma latifrons, and 
Hyospathe elegans. Another Palm, with altogether 'this habit 
as to stem and foliage, which we received from the same source 
as "C/mmadorea sp.," has flowered with us. It exhibited at 
the flowering-season, branched, slender spadices. This one of 
our intelligent German gardeners, Mr. Hannemann, who had 
been in Mr. Van Houtte's establishment at Ghent, recognized 
as what was considered there the male of the present plant, and 
we were not long in determining the plant to be the Chamadorea 
Eniesti-Augusti of Wendland. This male plant will be given in 
our next number. ° 

Desce. Our Palm has attained a height of five feet from the 
ground including the leaves. The stem or caudex is erect, reed- 
like, about two inches in diameter, marked with the scars of 
fallen leaves, and thus appearing jointed : from the lower portion 
above the ground many thick, fleshy roots appear, and de- 
scend into the earth. Leaves terminal, ten or twelve, about two 
feet long including the petiole; the blade is broad-cuneate, with 
a deep sht almost half-way down from the apex, which divides 
the leat into two large spreading acuminated lobes; the margins 
are serrated the sinuses more or less deep, but never reaching 
to the midrib, and rarely exhibiting a deep gash: the surface 



is obliquely plaited, and striated by the parallel nerves. Petiole 
about one-half the length of the leaf, below dilated into a large, 
concave, sheathing base, which gives a swollen appearance to the 
part of the stern occupied by the leaves. From the axil of the 
leaves the peduncle appears, a foot long, enclosed in three or 
four cylindrical close-pressed spathas, from which emerges a cy- 
lindrical spadix, nearly as long as the peduncle, tapering a little 
at the base and towards the point, thick, fleshy, at first green 
and then studded with the red bead-like flowers, afterwards the 
spadix becomes bright coral-red, and then marked with the black 
scars of the withered flowers. Flowers, in bud quite sunk in 
distant cavities on the spadix, solitary, are spirally arranged. 
Calyx white, waxy, forming a three-lobed cup, of a totally dif- 
ferent nature from the petals or inner sepals. Corolla of three, 
cymbiform, orange-red petals, which connive over the pistil. 
Ovary subrotund, obscurely three-lobed. Style none. Stigmas 
three, short, spreading. There is no trace of stamens or rudi- 
ments of stamens in our flowers. 



Fig. 1. Female flower. 2. Pistil :— -magnified. 3. Small spadix in its green 
state, studded with the scarlet female flowers : — not. size. 



Tab. 4832. 

/ECHMEA MUCB0N1FL0RA. 

Spiny -petaled JEchmea. 



Nat. Ord. Bromeliace.e.— Hexandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4293.) 



/Echmea mucronMora; foliis lato-ligulatis obtusis cum apiculo canaliculars 
cartilagineis spimdoao-roarginatis basi late ventrieoais, racemo denao apa- 
cato brevi-elliptico, bvacteis universalibus amplifl foliacew coloratis (coccineis) 
denticulate acutissimis, floribus glomerato-fasciculatis, bracteis partialibus 
calyeibus pctalisquc mucvone apmiformi atro-fusco terminate, filamentis al- 
ternis petalis confluentibus, fructibus cseruleis. 



The genus JSchmea was so named by the authors of the 
'Flora Peruviana/ in consequence of the rigid points of the 
calyx of the flowers. In the present species the same rigid 
points exist on the leaves, on the partial bracts on the sepals ot 
the calyx, and on the petals. By this latter character the pre- 
sent species (a native of Demerara, and sent to us from thence 
by His Excellency Governor Barkly,) maybe alone distinguished 
from jEchmea Mertensii, of the same country, figured at oui 
Tab 3186. There the petals are red, plane, narrow linear-lan- 
ceolate, gradually acuminated, lax and free- here the petals are 
conniverit, oblong, concave, orange-yellow, streaked with brow* 
on the back, and suddenly terminating in the ^ J^ <"£ 
brown mucro : the spike too, m our plant, is infinitely shorter 
than in A Mertensii, and not disposed to be compound ; and 
the stamen that is opposite to the petal has the filament com- 
bined with it for nearly its whole length In both th njk 
eventually becomes a mass of mazarine-blue pyramidal beme.. 
-It flowered with us, for the first time, m September, ia 54. 

Desor. Leaves radical, in our plant not exceeding a loot long, 
broad-ligulate. obtuse, with a spiny green acumen, cartilaginous, 



februakv LST, L855. 



bluish-green, clothed with exceedingly minute furfuraceous scales, 
canaliculate, the upper half reflexed, dilated below, so as to form 
a concave convolute base, the margins for the whole length be- 
set with slightly curved dark-brown spiny teeth, longest and 
strongest towards the base. Scape central, scarcely rising above 
the sheathing bases of the upper leaves, and bearing six to eight, 
spreading, large, coloured (scarlet), broad-lanceolate, acuminated 
(but not mucronated), denticulated^ concave bracts, immediately 
above which the spike, oblong-cylindrical, short (four inches 
long), terminates the scape. The flowers are glomerated upon 
the spike. Partial bract so large and broad as to surround the 
whole base of the flower, or ovary, green, membranaceous, stri- 
ated, tipped with a strong dark-brown spine or macro. Calyx of 
three, convolute, large, membranous, yellow-green sepals, tipped 
with a spiny mucro, like that of the partial bract. Petals three, 
erect, or slightly twisted, connivent, orange-yellow, streaked with 
dark purple-brown at the back, oblong, concave, tipped with a 
hard, brown, spinous mucro : within each petal, at the base, are 
two, membranaceous, white, fimbriated scales. Stamens six, three 
alternate with the petals free ; the others have the long filaments 
combined with the disc of the petals, the apex and the oblong 
anthers only being free. Ovary turbinate, inferior : style nearly 
as long as the petals, dilated upwards : stigmas three, convolute, 
fimbriated. Fruit a pyramidal berry of a rich blue, similar to 
that represented in our JE. Mertensii, Tab. 3186. 



Fig. 1. Flower and partial bract. 2. Petal and two stamens. 3. Pistil, 
irona which the petals and stamens are removed -.—magnified. 



$.833 




:h. del.. < 






Tab. 48a3. 

TALINUM POLYANDRUM. 

Many-stamened Talinum. 



Nat. Ord. Portulace^:. — Dodecandria Monogynia. 



Gen. CJiar. Calyx diphyllus, deciduus, foliolis ovatis, oppositis. Corolla pe- 
tala 5, hypogyna, libera vel basibus coalita, tenerrima, fugacia. Stamina 10-30 
(et ultra), petalorum unguibus aggregatim inserta ; filamenia filiformia ; anthera? 
biloculares, ovatas, longitudinalitcr dcliiscentes. Ovarium liberum, uniloculare. 
Oviila plurima, placentae basilari funiculis distinctis inserta, amplritropa. Stylus 
filiformis, apice trifidns, lobis patulis intus stigmatosis, vel stigmata 3, sessilia, 
arete conniventia. Capsula chartacea, nitida, unilocularis, trivalvis, epicarpio ab 
endocarpio baud soluto, placenta basilari. Semina plurima, lenticulari- vel glo- 
boso-reniformia, testa Crustacea, nitida, lsevissima, striata, umbilico stropbiolata. 
Embryo annularis, albumen farinaceum cingens. — Herbse interdum suffrutescentes, 
carnosce, glaberrimce, in America tropica et subtropica copiosce, parcius in Capite 
Bona Spei, Arabia Fetid et Oceania intertropical crescentes, foliis altemis vd sub- 
oppositis, integemmis, exstipulatis, floribus cymosis, racemosis vel solitariis, axilla- 
ribus, purpureis Jlavis vel albis,fugacibus. — Endl. 



Talinum polyandrum; annuum glabrum, caulibus ascendentibus, foliis late lineari- 
spathulatis carnosis obtusis supra linea media canaliculars, pedunculis ter- 
minalibus elongatis apice racemosis 5-8-floris, pedicellis elongatis susecun- 
dis gracillimis demum refiexis, petalis late cuneatis remotis, staminibus 
numerosis, stigmatibus 3 filiformibus sessilibus pubescenti-glandulosis. 



The two genera Talinum and'Calandrinia (formerly considered 
to be almost wholly confined to the New World) have long ap- 
peared to me to be undistinguishable the one from the other. 
De Candolle says of the latter, "vix a Talino differt :" and Messrs. 
Torrey and Gray remark that it is intermediate between Talinum 
and Claytonia. Of late years several Australian species have 
been referred to Calandrinia. Among the first was C. calyptrata, 
Hook. fil. (Ic. Plant, t. 29G), detected by Mr. Gunn in Van Die- 
men's Land (who also discovered there what has been referred 
by Dr. Hooker to Claytonia — Claytonia Australasiea, Ic. Plant. 
t. 293). Major Mitchell detected' two species in eastern tropical 
Australia, which are described in the journal of that traveller. 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1855. 



Three species (together with C. calyptrata above mentioned) are 
enumerated in Dr. Lehmann's f Planta3 Preissianae' of the Swan 
River Settlement, besides a plant referred to Talinum; and it 
is from this country that we raised our present plant from seeds 
sent by Mr. Drummond in 1853. Among the species of Preiss, 
none accords with this. C. Balonensis, Lindl. in Mitch, (foliis 
angustatis obovato-lanceolatis alternis oppositisque, racemis se- 
cundis multifloris, caulibus multo longioribus, floribus conspicuis 
polyandris), seems not far distant from the present species ; but, 
with no further marks to guide me, and considering the widely 
different locality, it will be safer to keep it distinct.* I have re- 
ferred it to Talinum because of the numerous stamens, exceeding 
even what are attributed to Talinum. It flowered in the green- 
house in August, 1854. 

Descr. Boot slender, descending, fusiform, annual, bearing 
several leaves at the top, and several spreading, ascending, terete, 
slender, reddish stems, scarcely a span long : these have distant, 
alternate, or very rarely opposite, broad-linear, subspathulate, ses- 
sile, entire, obtuse, fleshy, thickened leaves, having a depressed 
longitudinal central line above, quite plane below, with no con- 
spicuous costa or nerve ; the largest of them are three inches 
long. Peduncles terminal or subaxillary, including the racemes 
longer than the stem, very slender. Pedicels subsecund, long, 
filiform, at length reflexed. Calyx of two, opposite, broad-ovate, 
cymbiform, green sepals. Petals five, spreading apart from each 
other, red-purple. Stamens very numerous, spreading, about half 
as Jong as the petals. Anthers small, yellow. Ovary subglobose, 
crowned with three, sessile, filiform, glanduloso-pubescent slia- 
mas : style none. 



Fig. 1. Calyx and pistil -.—magnified. 



| I have, since the above was in type, seen authentic specimens of Dr. Lind- 
leyspant It is quite different from ours, having much broader and more 
spathulate leaves ,and larger flowers; but it is closely allied to our present spe- 
cies in habit, and in the very numerous stamens and absence of style 



U34 




WBtxh 






Tab. 4834. 
BURLINGTONIA decora. 

Neat Burlingtonia. 



Nat. Ord. OrciiidejE. — Gynandria Monandria. 

Gen. CJiar. PeriantMum membranaceum, convolutum, obliquum. Sepala un- 
guiculata, labello breviora, basi a petalis distincta ; lateralia basi concava, cou- 
nata, labello supposita. Petala unguiculata, labello parallela, sepalis longitudine 
sequalia, sed latiora. Labellum unguiculatum, bilobura, basi comutuni vcl muti- 
cum, cum columna parallelum, apice dilatatum, ungue canaliculate, lamellato. 
Columna teres, longe clavata, nunc apice appendicibus duabus coloratis aucta ; 
clinandrio dorsali, stigrnate utrinque cornuto. Antherce uniloculares. Polhnia 
2, postice excavata, caudiculce subulatse elastica? adnata.— Herba? epiphytal, 
pseudobulbis l-2-phyllis, basifoliatis. Lindl. 



Burlingtonia decora ; caulibus elongatis gracilibus hie inde prohfens, pseudo- 
bulbis ovatis compressis monophyUis, sepalis petalisque (albis roseo-macu- 
latis) acutis, labelli ungue sepalis petalisque longiore, calcare integro, co- 
lumna apice appendicibus 2 falcatis erectis pilosis aunta. 

Burlingtonia decora. " Lemaire, Jardin Tleuriste, v. 2. Jan. 1852, t. 188." 
Lindl. et Paxt.M. Gar. v. 3. p. 100 (with a woodcut, copied, we presume, 
from a continental figure) . 

Burlingtonia amcena. " Planclton in Hort." 



For the opportunity of figuring this very pretty Orclndeous 
plant, we are also indebted to the kindness of Mr. Jackson. 
It was received by him from Pans, and we find a woodcut oi i 
amono- the " gleanings and original memoranda' of Lindley and 
Paxton's ' Flower Garden,' accompanied by some observations, 
from which we learn that it has been lately figured by Van 
Houttc in his 'Flore des Serres' (we presume, under the name 
given by M. Planchon,) as well as by M. Lemaire; and farther, 
that "it was introduced from the province of St. Pauls, , in 
Brazil, by M. Libou, the collector for M. de Jonghe ; that this 
flowered in May, with Mr. Makoy, when it was named B. decora, 
under which name it is mentioned in various trade-catalogues, 
and afterwards published by M. Lemaire."— We find it difficult 
in words to distinguish this, specifically, from the B. r^tda, 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1855. 



figured by Dr. Lindley in the ' Sertum Orchidaceum/ t. 36, dif- 
ferent as the two appear at first sight. The conductors indeed 
of the ' Flower Garden' say that, " according to the author above 
quoted, we have in this plant much smaller flowers, a simple, co- 
nical, not two-lobed spur, short, very sharp sepals and petals, and 
a pair of great lacerated appendages at the base of the lip ; to 
say nothing of the spotting which is so unlike anything among 
Burlingtonias, except metadata." Now certainly the "pair of 
great lacerated appendages at the base of the lip" do not exist 
in our plant. In B. rigida it will be seen that there are four 
elevated and laciniated plates : in our plant the two outer ones 
are marginal. The chief differences, if constant, appear to us to 
be in the smaller size of the entire plant, the entire spur, the 
more acute and spotted sepals and petals, and the greater length 
of the claw of the lip in proportion to the limb or ultimate lobe. 
It is certainly a plant of great beauty and delicacy, and the more 
welcome for flowering in early winter. 

Descr. From different parts of a long, slender, radicant stem, 
there arise small oval or ovate compressed pseudobulbs, each 
bearing an oblong, obtuse, subcoriaceous, veinless leaf. A lesser 
leaf appears at the base of a bulb, and from the axil of this the 
scape springs, a span or more high, slender, erect or nearly so, 
articulated at intervals and bearing small membranaceous bracts 
from each joint. Flowers racemose (or rather a spike, for the 
ovaries are sessile, very long and slender and pedicelliform), dis- 
tichous, moderately large for the size of the plant, inclined, 
scarcely drooping. Calyx and sepals connivent, ovate, acute, 
nearly uniform, the two lateral sepals combined for a great part 
of the length, so as to represent a single broad bifid sepal at the 
back of the lip ; all are white, beautifully spotted with deep rose- 
colour. Spur short, deflexed, obtuse (not bifid). Lip nearly or- 
bicular, two-lobed, white, large, spreading, suddenly contracted 
into a broad claw, which has four elevated membranes; the 
lateral ones, marginal and strongly laciniated, may perhaps be 
considered as obsolete lateral lobes : these membranes are buff- 
coloured. Column terete, clavate, hairy in front, terminating above 
in two, long, deep, rose-coloured, wavy, erect, but slightly falcate 
and villous, linear-oblong ears : two other subulate reddish pro- 
cesses are seen in front, one on each side the stigma. Anther- 
case very large, helmet-shaped. Pollen-masses two, attached to 
a spathulate caudicle, and arising from an oval gland. 



Fig. 1. Under side of an entire flower, showing the spur. 2. Column and lip. 
3. Front view of a column. 4. Pollen-masses : — magnified. 



4S8S 




Tine en t 



^ Tab. 4835. 

BILLBERGIA Wetherelli. 

Mr. Wether ell's Billbergia. 



Nat. Ord. BromeliacejE. — Hexandria Monogynia. 
Gen. CJiar. {Vide supra, Tab. 4756.) 



Billbergia Wetherelli; foliis cartilagineis lato-ligulatis obtusis cum acumine 
basi latioribus concavis circumvolutis marginibus obscure spinuloso-serratis, 
scapo foliorum vaginis inclusis, rachi tomentosa spicaquc densa exsertis uu- 
tantibus, bracteis universalibus araplis coloratis coccineis, petalis (apice 
purpureis) spathulatis intus versus basin Lineis duabus membranaceis sub- 
fimbriatis et ad basiu squamis duabus fimbriatis. 



Dr. Lindley has long ago (Bot. Reg. 1827, under Tab. 1068) 
observed that it would be difficult to point out a family of plants 
more interesting from their beauty or singularity than that of 
Bromeliacece ; and we think the two plants of this family, repre- 
sented in our present number, serve to strengthen that remark. 
He further adds, " of which the systematic arrangement has been 
less carefully studied ;" and he has himself given, /. c, a " synopsis 
of what he considers the essential characters of the genuine 
genera :" and there, for the first time, we believe, Billbergia of 
Thunberg is clearly defined. To this he has referred several 
described Brazilian Bromelias, and Martins has added several 
new ones. None of these however accord with our plant, which 
we lately received from Bahia by favour of James Wetherell, 
Esq., H.M. Vice-Consul at that city. The handsome flower- 
spike was produced in December, 1854. It may rank syste- 
matically near Bromelia iridifolia, Nees et Mart. {Billbergia 
iridifolia, Lindl. Bot. Reg. f. 1068); differing however remark- 
ably in the foliage, and no less in the nature of the inflorescence. 
It is an extremely showy species, and easily cultivated in a moist 
stove and not exposed to too powerful light. 

Descr. Leaves all radical, scarcely a foot long in our spe- 
cimens, broad-ligulate, cartilaginous, glabrous and destitute of 
minute scales or scurf, moderately channelled, narrower up- 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1855. 



wards, and ending in a short acumen, the margins rather ob- 
scurely spinuloso-serrate, the serratures pointing upwards ; the 
bases are much dilated, concave, and sheathed, as is common to 
many Bromeliacea? : the outer leaves are more or less recurved. 
Scape central, mostly concealed by the sheathing bases of the 
leaves ; the rest of it, bearing the flowers and highly-coloured 
bracts, is exserted and drooping, bent down suddenly towards 
the ground : the rachis stout, clothed with whitish dense wool. 
Universal bracteas, the lower ones flowerless, all of them large, 
at first imbricated, then more or less patent, two to three inches 
long, scarlet, sharply acuminated, obsoletely striated, entire. 
Flowers forming a thick thyrsoid spike, only the upper ones 
destitute of the large bracteas, and scarcely exserted beyond the 
bracteas of the inferior flowers. Calyx superior, of three, erect, 
membranaceous, white, oblong sepals, slightly tinged with red. 
Petals about half as long again as the sepals, erect, spathulate, 
the claw white, the limb purple, moderately patent ; within the 
claw are two longitudinal plicae, which meet over the filament, 
and are partly laciniated ; and there are besides two fimbriated 
scales at the very base of the claw. Stamens all free. 



Fig. 1. Petal, with the scales and stamen: — magnified. 



',*;,<; 




Vinoco-;! 



Tab. 483(>. 

PAPHINIA CRISTATA. 

Crested Paphinia. 



Nat. Ord. Orchtde^.— Gynandri a Monandria. 

Gen. C/iar. Flores subregulares, expansi pctaloidci, parinn in mcntiim pro- 
duct. Labelhm parvum, unguiculatum, tripartitum, glandulis iiliformibus apice 
alibique obsitum. Colmnna clavata, elongata, semiteres, apice auriculata. 
Unia 4, per paria caudiculae elongatse apice setaceas aflixa, glandula minute suh- 
triangulari; rostello subulate — Herba pseudobulbosa, scapo pendulo paucif.oro. 
Lindl. 



Paphinia cristata ; pseudobulbis ovatis sulcatis mono-triphyllis, foliis oblongo- 
lanceolatis plicatis, scapo pendulo bifloro squamis laxiusculis vaginato, fiori- 
bus explanatis, sepalis petalisque lanceolatis acutis sequalibus, labello multo 
minore tripartito carnoso, laciniis lateralibus falcatis intermedia rotundata 
cristato-fimbriata utrinque unidentata, ungue subcristato disco bidentnto. 
Lindl. 

Paphinia cristata. Lindl. in Sot. Reg. 1843. Miscell. p. 14. 

Maxillaria cristata. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. t. 1811. 



A very curious and really handsome Orchideous plant, native 
of Trinidad and New Granada, first published by Dr. Lindley 
as a Maxillaria, and then very justly raised by him to the rank 
of a new genus. In our plant the flowers are large, and the 
markings are of a deeper and more chocolate-brown colour ; and 
there is a slight difference in the form of the lip, but not enough 
to justify its being considered a new species. Our plant was 
received from Mr. Purdie. It flowers in the Orchideous stove 
in August. 

Descr. Pseudobulbs clustered, oblong-ovate, compressed, mo- 
derately furrowed ; one of the old bulbs is terminated by two 
leaves ; the younger one with three, besides leafy scales at the 
base : these leaves are four to six inches long, lanceolate, patent, 
submembranaceous, plicate. Peduncles solitary, single or two- 
flowered, pendent, emerging from the base of a pseudobulb, 
jointed and sheathed with loose, brown, membranaceous scales. 
Sepals and petals alike in shape, the latter smaller, all of them 

mauch 1st, 1855. 



patent, lanceolate, fleshy, having a white ground, variously 
streaked, and blotched, and spotted with dark chocolate-brown : 
the intermediate less covered with brown, and with more regular 
transverse bands. Lip very curious in form, almost entirely of 
a rich chocolate-purple colour, very much smaller than the petals 
or sepals, somewhat ovate in circumscription, shortly unguicu- 
late, thick and fleshy, deeply two-lobed ; two lateral lobes oblong, 
acute, subacinaciform; middle lobe rhomboidal (i.e. with an angle 
or tooth on each side), terminated at the apex with a crest, a 
tuft or pencil of club-shaped, downy, white fimbriae : the disc 
is curiously crested, and there are four long-pedicellated glands 
on the claw. Column yellow-green, banded with chocolate near 
the base, club-shaped, semiterete, with a large projecting tooth 
on each side below the anther : between which teeth, in front, is 
the very long, prominent rostellum. Anther-case hemispherical. 
Pollen-masses obovate, from a long caudicle ; gland small, tri- 
angular. 



Fig. 1. Column and anther. 2. Pollen-masses. 3. Labellum. 4. Fimbria 
from the apex of the labellum : — magnified. 



tea 1 ? 




Tab. 4837. 
CHAM^EDOREA Ernesti-Augusti (mas). 

Ernest- Augustus Chamcedorea {male). 



Nat. Ord. Palmace;e. — Dicecia Hexandeia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4831.) 



Chamcedorea Ernesti-Augusti (mas) ; caudice 3-4-pedali arundinaceo annulato 
erecto basi radicante apice dilatato folioso, foliis pctiolatis circumscriptione 
obovatis basi cuneatis profunde bifidis margins s;cpissime grosse serratis ran 
subincisis, petiolis folio brevioribus basi insigniter dilatatis amplcxantibus, 
pedunculis petiolum superantibus crassiusculis inferne sensim augustioribus 
erectis spatbis vaginatis persistentibus, spadice 8-9-pollicari simplicitcr 
ramoso, ramis plurimis 6-8-pollicaribus attenuatis gracilibus obtuse aiigu- 
latis, calyce albo primum immerso operculiformi, petalis coccineis. 

Cham.edouea Ernesti-Augusti. Wendland in Allgemeine Gartenzeit. 1852, No. 
10. Ejusd. Index Palmar, p. 12. Hook. Sot. Mag. t. 4831 (/am.). 



We have already, under our Tab. 4831, alluded to the Palm 
now under our consideration, and given our reasons for believing 
it to be the male plant of Chamcedorea Ernesti-Augusti. It en- 
tirely agrees with the description above quoted, except that Mr. 
Wendland describes the lower portion of the spadix as com- 
poundly divided, whereas the branches of the spadix in our plant 
are always simple, as here represented. It is equally a native of 
New Granada, and was received from the Belgian Gardens under 
the name of " Chamadorea sp." 

Descr. Our description given at Tab. 4831, of the root, stem 
(or caudex), and fronds and spathas, are equally applicable to 
the present plant : the difference is in the spadix : this, instead 
of being simple (unbranched), thick, and cylindrical, is, from 
where it emerges from the spatha, divided into many, long, slen- 
der, thickish, but almost filiform, patent, or below reflexed, flex- 
nose branches, tapering to a point, and clothed with numerous 

MARCH 1ST, 1855. 



scattered flowers : the main rachis is obtusely many-angled : the 
branches bluntly three-angled: all at first white, afterwards 
green, but withering without attaining the rich scarlet of the 
female spadix. Young jloiver-buds very much sunk in the sub- 
stance of the rachis, but soon emerging. Calyx small, at first 
hemispherical, then cup-shaped, white, bursting open in three 
blunt segments, longer than those of the male calyx. Petals 
three, united at tlje base, broad oval, obtuse, or nearly cymbi- 
form, deep orange. Stamens six, united by their short filaments 
at their base. Anthers oval-oblong, two-celled. Ovary small, 
abortive, with a short style and spreading three-lobed stigma. 



Our Plate represents a reduced figure of the entire plant, and a portion of the 
spadix: — mat. size. Tig. 1. Portion of the spadix, with flowers. 2. Lower 
portion of the calyx, with stamens and abortive ovary : — magnified. 



t$od 




. 



Tab. 4838. 
CRAWFURDIA fasciculata. 

Fascicle-flowered Crawfurdia. 



Nat. Ord. Gentianejs.— Pentandria Digynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx 5-fidus v. 5-dentatus, dentibus distantibus. Corolla mar- 
cescens, clavata, foveis glandulisque destitute, intua nuda limbo 5-partito, 
plicis exsertis aucto. Stamina 5, imo corollas tubo mserta ; filament basi sub- 
asqualibus. Anther* erect*, inclusaa. Ovarium disco hypogyno quinquelobato 
basi cinctum, unilocular, ovulis sutune insertis. Stylus distmctus persistens 
stigmatibus binis terminalibus oblongis revolutis Capsula stipitata biva v s, 
septicida, valvulis brevissime involutis subundoculans, placentas suturahbu . 
sLina placentas immersa ; testa alata.-Herba, voluhks Mpale^^rms elan- 
gatis, Mwpetiolatis, floribus speciosis plerumque axdlanbus. Gnseb. m Dt. 



Ckwtvwia fasciculata; foliis lanceolatis magis nunusve latis flonbus sohtems 
TSatisve, calycis tubo alte 5-alato, laciniis subulatis tubum ^ snba-quanti- 

bus corollis infundibuliformibus, limbo laciniis accessorns aucto. 
Ceatvfukdia fasciculata. Wall. Fl. Nepal. Tent. p. 63. t. 47. Gnseb. m DC. 

Prodr. v.S.p. 121. 
Gentiana volubilis. Bon, Nep. p. 126. 



Two species of this most lovely plant, from Sheopore a 
Nepal were first made known by Dr. Walhch; and »"*•"»■* 
are P tW" he observes, « in their climbing habit from all the other 
members of the Order of Gentian, that ^^f^t 
taching them into a separate genns ;" and tins bHriOii 
Mia " in honorem dilectissimi Joanna Crawfuid armigeri 
In ot Singapore gnbernatoris propter opus -^^cbp^o 
Malayano bene meriti, historic naturahs ^tjm* £? 
botanices fautoris strenni, ejusque studio ****** *£ 
Crawford's name, too, stands recorded m connection with the 
dtscJvery of the plcndid Jmhentia noUKs (sec the account of 
that plant under our Tab. 4453) Seeds of our C. Mag 
were sent from Khasya by Mr. Thomas W^^'V,"** 
with whom it flowered in the greenhouse m January of the pic- 



MARCH 1st, 1855. 



sent year (1855). Although this is the smaller-flowered species 
of the two, it is the more highly coloured in the corolla, and the 
flowers are more copious, — often, as Dr. Wallich figures, four to 
six growing together in a fascicle ; but this is not by any means 
constantly the case. Dr. Royle finds it in Garhwal, and Dr. 
Hooker throughout the Khasya hills and in Sikkim. Craufurdia 
Japonica seems quite to accord with this species, as far as can be 
judged from the character given in Walpers. 

Descr. Boot said by Dr. Wallich to be fibrous, and is pro- 
bably annual. Plant everywhere glabrous. Stems slender, fili- 
form, terete, of considerable length, branched, with longer, slender 
branches of the like character, twining in the same way as our 
Convolvulus arvensis, reddish or purple. Leaves opposite, in 
rather remote pairs, lanceolate, acuminate, the larger and older 
ones broader and obtuse at the base ; all of them entire, three- to 
five-nerved, dark green above, pale beneath; petioles scarcely 
half an inch long. Flowers axillary, upon very short peduncles, 
solitary, or two or three, or more, together, and in the latter 
case fasciculate, whence the specific name. Bracteas generally 
two, small, foliaceous. General aspect of the Jloiver very much 
that of Gentiana Pneumonanthe, but larger. Calyx, the tubular 
portion oval, or almost cylindrical, with five conspicuous, longi- 
tudinal wings. Limb of five, subulate, erect lobes, nearly as long 
as the tube. Corolla about an inch and three-quarters long, 
infundibuliform, pale purple externally, with five broad, whitish 
lines, within rich purplish-blue ; the limb of five, spreading, acu- 
minated segments, having in the sinus a broad, obtuse, slightly 
crenated tooth or lacinula. Stamens five, altogether included'; 
filaments subulate, inserted below the middle of the tube of the 
corolla; anthers subsagittate. Ovary oblong, stipitate; the 
stipes springing from the centre of a five-lobed disc ; styles two, 
approximate, or apparently slightly combined for their whole 
length, as long as the ovary. Stigmas two, long, terete, papil- 
lose, spirally revolute. Capsule stipitate, elliptical, compressed, 
mucronated. 



Fig. 1. Corolla laid open. 2. Pistil and glandular disc -.—magnified. 3. Cap- 
sule : — nat. size. 



Tab. 4839. 

BROWNEA GRANDICEPS. 

Chister-fiowered Brownea. 



Nat. Ord. Lbguminos^.— Monadblphia Decandria. 

Gen. Char. Calyx tubo elongate, persisted, limbi W*P^ d f^ Q 
ciniis longis, duabus v. quatuor per paria cohaerentibus Coro ^ ^..\^2 
ealyeis tubo inserta, longisrime unguiculata, subaoqua ba. ^bmrnl^m 
petalis inserta, in tubum hinc fissmn coalita, omnia ertiba. °™™?^£2' 
6-7-ovulatum. Stylus filiformis; stigma aeinacifornn-compressuin Semma ^ovata 
compressa, fibris fungosis obvoluta.-Arbuseulac ^.STST 
ciosl; \\ino JlavesceZte, dure, foliis paripinnaUs foliohs ^^Xacteatt 
centia terminali, floribus racemosis v. plus minus dense ^^5L^^ 
coccineis v. albis, pedicellis q»a» versum bibracteaiis, bracteis fe MM mfundt 
buliformem bilobum connatis. Endl. 

Bbownea ^mfi^; foliolis snb-13-jngis .J m< *^2^ST^, fl ^ 

pidato-aeumhmtis eglandulosis, stamnnbus bngitndine coroH.j ranns P e 
tioUsquepubesoentibuB, floribus dense capitato-spicatis. Be Land 

BBOWNBA grandiceps. Jacq. Coll. v 3 \p. 8 "^J 8 )^ 2 ^77. £«« 
^j. 843. v. 5. p. 565. ^»7«afe5, e. 2. J. 447. 

Although very inferior in point of ™*°^«>^* ^ 
flowers uTSrouLa coccinea (figured at our Tab . 38 ««.»*»• 
quantity of flowers eolleeted into an »' mo f g'^v.ntte over 
right inches in diameter, gives tins infinitely he advanta, c over 
that speeies. It produces these blossoms ■"■"JJfgt 
and the only fresh sample we have ever seen »_ ttefine one sent 
over from the stoves of the Glasnevin Botan Garden for the 
nuroose of being figured in the present work, by Mr. Moore, n 
t P l7autumn of g 18 g 53. Dr. Lin'dley "-J^rtSSL? 
this shrub which we have not had the opportum y of observi ng^ 

"The brilliant head (of flowers) WTrtTlta! nmentJ la 
main stem, among the leaves, which at hat tunc pr esc nted a 
singular phenomenon. Every evening they ™ ^L^ 
themselves from the blossoms to expose them ****£•£ 
that each morning these beautiful objects we * uncovered IhU 
as day advanced, the leaves gradually drooped, and bent down 



MARCH 1st, 1855. 



over the flowers to guard them from the rays of the sun." 
Seven or eight species of this fine genus of plants are described, 
all inhabiting the tropical regions of South America : the present 
inhabits mountain-woods about Cumana, Cariepe, Caraccas, and 
La Victoria, and bears the name, among the inhabitants, of 
"Rosa del Monte," or "Palo de Cruz." 

Descr. A small tree, we understand, in its native country; 
branches stout and downy. Leaves large, a foot and more long, 
drooping, alternate, abruptly pinnate; pinnae upon very short 
petiolules, and extending the whole length of the very downy 
ferruginous petiole, alternate, oblong or lanceolate, penninerved, 
entire, glabrous, obtuse at the base, much and sharply acumi- 
nate, almost caudate at the apex, the sides unequal, the margins 
wavy : lowest pinnules perfectly cordate, with a narrow subulate 
acumen, nearly as long as the leaf. Flowers large, red, exceed- 
ingly numerous, forming a dense globose thyrsus, or very large 
pendent capitulum, eight inches across, which proceeds from the 
very downy apex of a branch. Pedicels short, downy. Bracts at 
the base of the pedicels, large, oblong-lanceolate, obtuse, con- 
cave, coloured, downy at the back. Bracteoles formed of two, 
united by their margins, bifid at the apex, resembling an outer 
calyx. Calyx funnel-shaped, tripartite, upper segment longer and 
deeply bifid. Petals large, spathulate ; lamina obovate, waved ; 
claws slender. Stanwis arising from the tube of the calyx, as 
long, or rather longer than the petals, monadelphous at the 
base : anthers linear, versatile. Ovary stipitate, springing from 
the tube of the calyx, linear-oblong, downy; style filiform, 
subulate, exceeding the petals and stamens in length; stigma 
capitate. 



Fig. 1. Flower, with its pair of united bracteoles. 2. Bract. 3. Tube of 
the calyx and of the filaments, including the pistil -.—more or less magnified. 



SS-iO 



..:'f 






V- V ft 



vrKtf 




Tab. 4840. 
ABUTILON insigne. 

Handsome-floioered Abutilon. 



Nat. Orel. Malvaceae.— Monadelphia Poltandria. 

Gen. Char. Lwolucellum nullum. Calyx 5-fidus, saepius cuputeformis, laciniis 
testivatione valvatis. Corolla petala 5, hypogyna, obovata, saapius ma3quuatera, 
unguibus imo tubo stamineo adnato, eestivatione convolutiva Tubus staunneus 
basi dilatata fornicata ovarium tegens, superne angustatus, columnajfonms, <np.ee 
in filamenta plurima filiformia divisus, rarius simul infra apicem anthenier. An- 
them reniformes, sinu affixre, versatile*, rima semicircular! aperte, bivalves septo 
manifesto. Ovarium sessile, quinque-multiloculare. Ovula m loculis 4-9, angulo 
central! inserta, adseendentia et pendula. Styli loculorum numero, fill orm^ 
basi plus minus coaliti ; stigmata capitata. Capsula penta-po ycocca, coccu hand 
secedentibus, apiee introrsum rima apertis. Semina m loeubs pauca v abortu 
solitaria, reniformia v. subbippocrepica ; testa Crustacea emargmaturaosinuum. 
bilicata. Embryo intra albumen paucum subcarnosum homotrope arcuatos^ » 
lyledonibus foliaceis, petiolulatis, basi auriculatis, saope pbcat o-^J^TJrr 
Herb*, sufFrutiees v. frutices, nonmdle arbores, in reywmbus tropes *"**£*» 
totiusorbis crescerdes; Mm alter nis, petiolatis, cordatu , dentate v iar mmeto 
batis, stipulis lateral*** geminis, peduncolia anterUm, soktams v p l*nb£ 
uni-lmdtijloris, infra apicem articulatis, interdum flonbus spicatis v. racemosis, 
rarissime corymbosis. Endl. 

Abutilon bmyne ; fruticosum, ramis petiofo <*%*& fS^SS^S^ 
lata ferruginea obsita, foliis sublonge petiolatia cordatw_ *^*^*J™** 

serratis reticularis pubesceutibus, stipubs parvus -^^^^SSi 
bus paucifloris, calyce campanulato 5-fido, lobia ovatis ^^T^f^ 
cuneato-obovatis ampbs albis pulchemme ven* rubris p« l* s 
pimimatis, laminis patentibus crispatis, ovarns globosis tomentosis. 
Abutilon insigne. " Planchon, MSS. in Van Houtte, Fl. des Serres, v.6.p.U. 
t. 551. Walpers, Annal. v. 2. p. 157. 



The Royal Gardens of Kew are indebted to Messrs. Lowe ot 
the Clapton Nursery, for the possession of this very desirable 
stove shrnb,-a native of New Granada, and introduced into 
Europe by Mr. Linden. It has the advantage too, of bearing 
its lovely flowers when the plant is not more than one or two 
feet high, and these flowers continue some time in perfection, ap- 
pearing with us in January. The ground-colour of the large 



MARCH 1st, 1855. 



petals is white, but that is almost entirely obliterated by the rich 
carmine veining or reticulation, both without and within j but 
brightest on the upper side. 

Descr. A small shrub, with rather large, alternate, long-petio- 
lated, truly cordate, acuminated, sometimes angled, or slightly 
lobed leaves, coarsely serrated, reticulately veined, glabrous ; the 
principal nerves beneath, the slender petioles, peduncles, calyces, 
and young branches clothed with ferruginous stellated down. 
Peduncles axillary, slender, dooping, about as long as the leaves, 
solitary, bearing an imperfect umbel or few-flowered cyme, and 
accompanied by two small, ovate, acuminate leaves. Stipules 
small, subulate. Pedicels jointed above the middle. Calyx large, 
campanulate, five-lobed at the mouth ; lobes ovate, acuminate. 
Petals cuneato-obovate, large, the broad lamina spreading, white, 
and richly coloured with close, crimson reticulations. Staminal 
tube as long as the petals : anthers numerous. Ovary globose, 
woolly, about fifteen-celled. Style as long as the staminal tube, 
dividing into fifteen stigmas. 



Fig. 1. Ovary. 2. Transverse section of the same : — magnified. 



W44 




\a imp 



Tab. 4841. 

BEGONIA Natalensis. 

Natal Begonia. 



Nat. Ord. Begoniace^e. — Mon(ecia Polyandria. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4172.) 



Begonia Natalensis; tuberosa glabra, caule succalento inferne crasso uodoso 
ramoso, foliis inaequaliter semicordatis acuminatis lobatis liinc grosse aun- 
culatis serratis albo-maculatis, pedunculis axillaribus dichotoiue ramosis, 
floribus nutantibus, masculis sepalis 2 rhombeo-orl^icularibus, focmineis se- 
palis 5 (nunc 4) rhombeo-ovatis, fructu 3-alato alis 2 majoribus subacute 
angulatis unico breviore obtusangulo. 



Above 170 species of Begonia are enumerated by Walpers. 
The majority of these having been described from dried speci- 
mens, too often very imperfect ones, it is hard to say whether 
this is among them or not. It certainly does not accord with 
any one of the very few that are natives of South Africa, to 
which country our plant belongs. It was brought to us by 
Captain Garden, from Natal ; and though possessing no bright 
or lively colours, is a desirable inmate of the stove, or of a warm 
greenhouse, from its being so abundant a flowerer, and from 
these flowers being in perfection in the winter months, Novem- 
ber and December. . lf 

Descr. Boot a large depresso-globose tuber, scarcely halt 
buried in the ground, and sending out branched fibres, true 
roots, from almost regular distances of the circumference ; tins 
tuber is of a greyish-brown colour, quite smooth, and rather 
gradually contracts itself into the thickened base of the stem, 
which is knotted and branched, and the main stem and branches 
upwards gradually become more and more slender; but the 
whole is of a very succulent character, of a dirty yellowish- 
green, tinged with copper-colour, jointed and nodose at the 
joints ; height from a foot to a foot and a half. Leaves senucor- 
date and acuminate, resembling the half of a cordate five-lobed 



APRIL 1st, 1855. 



leaf, the costa dividing it into two very unequal portions, and the 
lower lobe forming a large appendage or ear to the leaf on one 
side. The margin is also coarsely, almost lobato-, serrate ; the 
colour a dull green, paler beneath, the upper side marked with 
whitish spots, most apparent on the old leaves. Petiole shorter 
than the leaf, reddish. Peduncles axillary, solitary, about as long 
as the petioles, dichotomously branched, each panicle or cyme 
bearing both male and female flowers. Male flowers consisting 
of two orbicular or subrhomboid, spreading, yellowish- white 
sepals, tinged with rose, and slightly veined ; stamens fasciculate, 
ten or twelve. Female flowers of five (rarely four) spreading, 
rhombeo-ovate sepals, of the same colour as the male. Ovary 
and fruit with three vertical wings, two of them large, rather 
acutely angled, and forming together a nearly equilateral tri- 
angle ; the third wing is shorter, rounded (or forming the seg- 
ments of a circle in its outline), and slightly waved. Style short ; 
stigmas very downy, much and spirally twisted. 



Kg. 1. Fruit nearly mature : — magnified. 



4S4Z 




WHtch deLetMi 



Vincent Bro<:~ 



Tab. 4842. 
ALBUCA? Gardeni. 

Captain Gardens Alhuca. 



Nat. Ord. Asphodele^. — Hexandbia Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx corollaceus, 6-sepalus, regularis, persistens. Sepala ima basi 
connata ; nunc omnia, nunc nonnisi exteriora apice fornicato-excavata ; hsec 
multi(7-17)-nervia, plana, patentissima ; interiora paullo breviora, sed latiora, 
tenuiora, medio 5-7-nervia, concava, erecto-conniventia. Stamina 6, basi sepa- 
lorum inserta iisque breviora; tria exteriora minora, interdum castrata. Fila- 
menta crasse filiformia ; tria interiora basi membranaceo-dilatata. Anthem bi- 
loculares, introrsae, lineari-oblongae, apice profunde emarginatae, basi bifida?, 
dorso medio affixee. Ovarium liberum, sessile, triloculare ; ovula in loculis cre- 
berrima (circiter 50), biseriata?, horizontalia, anatropa, sessilia. _ Stylus erectus, 
crassus, profunde 3-sulcatus (pyramidatus, Endl.; pyramidato-inversus, Juss.). 
Stigmata tria, papulosa, nunc globulosa, distincta, nunc abbreviato-conica, pyra- 
midato-conniventia (stigma trigonum, papilloso-hirtum, Endl.). Capsula perga- 
menea, elliptica, triangularis, trilocularis, apice loculicido-trivalvis. Semina in 
loculis creberrima, compresso-plana, lata (latiora quam longa), undique mar- 
ginato-alata, nigra, nitidula ; testa tenuis, membranacea, albumini carnoso ad- 
nata, margine alato-ampliata. Embryo axilis, cylindraceus, rectus, albumine vix 
brevior; radicula hilum attingens. — Herbse bulbosa, scapiff era, facie Ornithogab. 
Kacemi laxiflori. Flores longe pedicellati, cernui, mrides,flavidi vel lutei; pedi- 
cellis pateniibus, bractea membranacea longa stipatis. Kth. 



Albtjca? Gardeni; acaulis bulbosa stolonifera glabra, bulbis squamosis, squamis 
4-5 amplis latis laxis, foliis 3-5 lato-lanceolatis inferne attenuatis basi 
dilatatis obsolete striatis, scapo simplici foliis breviore bracteato racenio 
ovato erecto plurifloro, pedicellis strictis basi bracteatis, sepahs (albis) ob- 
longis patentibus usque ad basin liberis, filamentis subulatis omnibus an- 
theriferis, antheris oblongis. 



From Natal, South Africa, whence the roots were brought to 
us early in 1854, by Captain Garden, to whom we owe the pos- 
session of many curious plants and interesting Museum objects. 
They flowered with us in the stove in October of the same year. 
It is only provisionally that I place it in Album. Its habit is 
peculiar, but in many respects it approaches the Albuca phy- 
sodes, Gawl. in Bot. Mag. t. 104C, and both will probably rank 
in the same genus. The late Professor Kunth removed that 
species {pkjsodes) from Albuca, with which it has little affinity, 



APRIL 1st, 1855. 



and referred it, among " species dubise," to his new genus Ido- 
thea, although the structure of the sepals (inferne in tubum 
campanulatum) is quite at variance. Our materials will hardly 
justify us in forming a new genus. 

Descr. The bulbs are stoloniferous, reminding one of the 
pseudo-bulbs of many epiphytal Orchidaceous plants, thickened 
or tuberous at the base, and coated with large, broad, leafy, 
rather lax, brown scales, from within which the leaves, three to 
five to each plant, arise ; they are almost a span long, broad, 
lanceolate, quite glabrous, tapering below, there becoming di- 
lated, sheathing at the very base. Scape shorter than the leaves, 
erect, bracteated, purple. Raceme erect, ovate, many-flowered. 
Pedicels (as well as the rachis) pale green, straight, spreading, 
about three-quarters of an inch long, bearing a bracteole half 
their length at the base. Flowers white, scentless, small. Se- 
pals six, oblong, obtuse, spreading, quite free to the base, every 
alternate one with a depression or cavity at the apex (as in so 
many true Albucas). Stamens six, perfect, hypogynous, alter- 
nate with the sepals ; filaments naked, subulate ; anthers long, 
oblong, yellow. Ovary subrotund, gradually tapering into a 
three-furrowed style. Stigma obtuse. 



Fig. 1, Flower and pedicel. 2. Pistil : — magnified. 



4J4& 







Vmcent Tn ooks Imp ■ 



Tab. 4843. 
SCIODACALYX Warszewiczii. 

Warszewiczs Sciodacalyx. 

Nat. Ord. Gesneriace^.— Didynamia Angiospermia. 

Gen. Cliar. Calyx tubo cum ovario connate, limbo horizontaliter patente, 
leviter 5-lobo, lobis ajqualibus. Stamina corollas tubo inserta, 4 didynama, m- 
clusa, cum rudimento quinta. Jnthera 2-loculares. Corolla in calyce subrecta, 
basi subobliqua, tubo fere recto, inflate, /<zwce constricta, limbo subasquali patente. 
Ovarium calyci adnatum, annulo crenato cinctum, uniloculare, pluriovulatem. 
Stylus simplex; stigma bifidum. Capsula unilocularis, plurisperma, bivalvis, 
valvis medio placentiferis.— Herbae America tropica, stolonibus squamoso-aiMnta- 
ceis, perennes, caule erecto, foliis calycibusque villoso-hirsutis, folns opposite 
petiolatis oblique ovatis v. cordato-ovatis, acuminata, grosse crenatis, pedunculis 
axillaribus, umbellam %-plurijloram gerentibus. 



Sciodacalyx Warszeiciczii. Begel, Garteriflora, Jahrg. 1853,;?. 258, t. 61. 
Gesneria Regeliana. Warsz. MSS. 



The genus Sciodacalyx, Reg., deriving its name from the 
umbrella-like expansion of its calyx, is allied to Hepiella, Keg., 
and Brachuloma, Stanst. We are only acquainted with one spe- 
cies of this fine genus, viz. S. Warszewiczii, which the collector, 
whose name it bears, discovered in the mountains about banto 
Marta, New Granada, and transmitted to the Botanic Garden at 
Zurich, where it was first brought to flower, and whence it was 
diffused over the different gardens of England and the Conti- 
nent. Its chief merits as an ornamental stove-plant consist in 
flowering from July until almost the end of the winter, and its 
gay-coloured blossoms. 

Descr. A perennial herb, three to four feet high, with catkin- 
like stolons. Stem, petioles, leaves, and calyx villoso-nirsute. 
Leaves opposite, with long petioles, oval-shaped or cordate, gene- 
rally with an irregularly-sided base, crenate at the margin and 
acuminate at the apex. Bowers arranged in axillary umbels, three 
to six. Calyx attached to the ovary, five-lobed ; lobes expanded 

APRIL 1st, 1855. 



almost horizontally, like an umbrella. Corolla nearly straight, 
almost oblique at the base, with a slightly inflected tube, and a 
five-lobed limb, hirsute, scarlet, with the exception of the base 
of the tube, which is yellow, and the lobes, which are either 
bright yellow or yellowish-green, dotted with red or brown. 
Stamens five, four of which are fertile, bearing bilocular anthers 
connate with each other. Ovary hirsute, surrounded by a 
glandular five-lobed ring. Stigma bilobed. Capsule unilocular, 
many-seeded, two-valved. — Seemann. 



Fig. 1. Pistil and hypogynous glands. 2. Ovary with ditto :— magnified. 



4su 




Jd.etl.th 



Tab. 4844. 

CYMBIDIUM GIGANTEUM. 

Gigantic Cymbidium. 



Nat. Ord. OrchtdejE. — Gynandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Perianthium explanatum, petalis sepalisque subsequalibus liberis. 
Labellum sessile, liberum, ecalcaratum, concavum, cum basi columnar nunc arti- 
culatum, nunc leviter concavum v. trilobum. Anthera bilocularis. Pollinia 2, 
SEepius postice biloba, in glandulam subtriangularem subsessilia. Lindl. 



Cymbidium giganteuni; foliis ensiformibus striatis acutis racemo cernuo raultifloro 
longioribus, bracteis minutis, sepalis oblongis petalisque lineari-lanccolatis 
acutis, labelli trilobi lobis lateralibus parvis acutis basi pubescentibus inter- 
medio multo majore ovato acuto undulato medio barbato lamellis arcuatis 
apice connatis pilosis. Lindl, 

Cymbidium giganteum. Wall. Cat. n. 7355 (nou TFilld.). Lindl. Gen. et Sp. 
Orchid. ^.163. Sert. Orchid, t. 4. Paxt. Mag. of Pot. p. 241, cum Ic. 

? Cymbidium iridioides. Bon, Prodr. p. 36. 



Native of Nepaul and Kamaon, where it was discovered by 
Dr. Wallich, and by him introduced to our gardens. The figure 
of this noble and fragrant species in the ' Sertum Orchidaceum ' 
above quoted, from a drawing by Dr. Wallich's draughtsman, is 
so unlike our plant in the colour and form of the flowers, that 
we should have failed to have recognized it as the same, had it 
not been for the figure in the ' Magazine of Botany, 5 which seems 
intermediate between the bright, spotted, and streaked flowers 
of our plant and the very dull and unexpanded sepals and petals 
of the Indian drawing ; the foliage however is faithfully repre- 
sented ; and certainly, though placed by Dr. Lindley in a section 
of which the species should be destitute of bulb, our plant has 
a very evident pseudobulb, clothed with the remarkable broad 
and sheathing bases of the leaves. Flowers with us in the stove 
in September and October. 

Descr. Stemless. Roots thick, fleshy, terete. Pseudobulb large, 
oblong, leafy. Leaves two to two and a half feet long, distichous, 

APRIL 1st, 1855. 



ensiform, striated, rather acute, tapering below into a narrow 
channelled portion, on which the blade is articulated, and this 
again becomes exceedingly dilated, striated, and sheathing around 
the pseudobulb. Scape two to three feet long, radical, stout, 
erect or declined from the weight of flowers, clothed below with 
lax, sheathing, brown, membranaceous scales. Flowers four inches 
in their spread, large, fragrant, distantly placed. Bracts very 
small. Sepals and petals nearly equal, two, oblong-lanceolate ; 
the petals and two lateral sepals spreading almost horizontally, 
the upper or intermediate sepal bending down so as to form a 
kind of hood over the column ; their colour is yellowish-green, 
externally faintly, internally strongly, streaked with blood-coloured 
lines and dots. Lip as long as the petals, recurved, bright 
yellow, spotted and streaked with blood-colour; side lobes in- 
curved ; middle lobe ovate, waved, ciliated ; on the disc are two 
ciliated lamellae, which unite at their apices. Column semi-terete, 
streaked. Ant/ier-case hemispherical. Pollen-masses two, sub- 
triangular, with a hatchet-shaped caudicle. 



Fig. 1. Pollen-masses: — magnified. 



4J4J 




Ymoerr 



Tab. 4845. 
CHAMiEDOREA elegans (mas). 

Elegant Chamadorea {male). 



Nat. Ord. Palmace^e. — Dkecia Hexanpkia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4831.) 



Chamadorea elegans; caudice abbreviate stricto arete aimulato, vagmis brevi- 
bus ovato-lanceolatis apice leviter auriculatis, petiohs superne sulcatis subtus 
rachique dorso fascia albida, rachi superne scabra, pinms conemms angusto- 
lanceolatis utrinque aeuminatis, spadicibus inter frondes laxis angulatis, 
foemineis duplicato-ramosis, corollis foemineis tridentatis, baccis subglo- 
bosis. Mart. 

Cham.edorea elegans. Mart, in Linncea, v. 5. p. 204. Palm. v. dp. 159. t 
R.fg. 3 {analysis of portions only). Kunth, Emm. PI. v. 3. p. 171. IVentU. 
Index Palm. Suppl. p. 57. 



Wendland, in his ■ Enumeratio Systematica Chamsedorearum 
has forty-two species of the genus; but it is no easy task to 
refer a given plant to its proper place among the species : many 
are but imperfectly known ; of few are both the male and female 
plants known (and the inflorescence difTers materially in the two 
sexes), and the difficulty is increased by the characters of the 
more recently described species— we allude to Mr Wendland s 
in particular— being so unreasonably long, that without knowing 
which are really essential characters, it is impossible to derive 
advantage from them. Happily in the present instance we have 
to be guided by a character of a species of Von Martins which, 
as far as that of the male plant is concerned seems to be iden- 
tical with ours, which was received from Mr. Linden, without 
being marked by any specific name or country. If we are right 
in referring it to C. elegans (and unfortunately the figures given 
by Martins are of very little help to us), it is a native ot Mexico, 
and appears to be introduced into Europe by Messrs. Schiede 
and Deppe. In general habit it much resembles C. gracilis, 



APRIL 1st, 1855. 



Willd. (Borassus pinnatifrons, Jacq. Hort. Schcenbr. v. 2. p. 247 
and 249) ; but there the spadices originate on the naked caudex, 
much below the fronds, and are erect, both male and female ; 
not drooping, as in our plant. C. elegans flowers in the winter 
and spring months. 

Descr. Male : Our living plant has a caudex between three 
and four feet high, annulated with the scars of fallen leaves, 
rooting from above the base, slender, erect, an inch and a half 
in diameter, crowned with a tuft of six to eight leaves or fronds, 
which are nearly three feet long, pinnated with about fourteen, 
more or less broadly lanceolate, subfalcate, striated leaflets, the 
uppermost or terminal pair more or less combined. Petiole not 
one-fourth the length of the blade, triquetrous, grooved above, 
the lower portion forming a somewhat inflated sheath around 
the stem. From the axils of two or three of the lower leaves a 
spatha arises ; this consists of two or three long, imbricating, 
tubular, sheathing scales, open at the extremities, and from this 
the long panicle of flowers depends, almost as long as the leaves. 
The branches are slender, terete, flexuose, almost filiform, green, 
studded with small flowers, but conspicuous from the rich orange- 
colour of the corollas. Calyx scarcely immersed, yet situated in 
a small depression, cup-shaped, trifid, white, the lobes round. 
Petals three, combined at the. base, cymbiform, thick, erecto- 
patent, bright orange. Stamens six, not longer than the petals. 
Anther oblong. Rudiment of the pistil oblong, tapering, with a 
triangular jagged stigma. 



Fig. 1. Portion of a panicle of male flowers :—nat. size. 2. Portion of the 
rachis, with flowers. 3. Single flower :— magnified. 



484 & 




id aLlith. 



'fencers 



Tab. 4846. 
BERBERIS Bealei ; var. plantfolia. 

Mr. Beak's Chinese Berberry ; fiat-leaved var. 



Nat. Ord. Bebberide^;.— Hexandeia Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4308.) 



Bebberis (Mahonia) Bealei; foliis atro-virentibus subglaucis crasso-conaceis n- 
ddissimis, foliolis 4-5-jugis ovatis sinuatis grosse parce (5-6) inaeqnaWer 
spinoso-lobatis valde pnngentibus iufimis subrotuudatis ad basin petioli 
stipulfeformibus terminal! petiolato, racemis fasciculatis, petahs apice nitidis. 

a.- foliis basi magis minusve cuneatis, sinuum marginibus reflexis. Berberis 
Bealei, Tort, in Gard. Chron. 1850. p. 212. B. Japonica, Lindl. in 11. 
Gard! v. I. p. II {icith woodcut of a portion of a very Urge leaff 2). 

Mahonia Japonica. Be Cand. Syst. Veget. v. 2. p. 22 ? 

Ilex Japonica. Thunb. Fl. Jap. p. 77 ? He. Jap. t. 22 ? 

B. plantfolia ; foliis subdeltoideis (basi transversim truncatis) crassissimis subim- 
bricatis, petiolis purpureis, floribus minoribus. (Tab. Tsostr. 4846.) 

We are indebted to Messrs. Standish and Noble for two very 
different-looking plants of Berberis, introduced by Mr Fortune 
to this country from China, from a district considerably to the 
north of Shanghai ; one marked B. (Mahonia) Japonica and the 
other marked B. Bealei.* By Dr. Lindley, /. c the two names 
are considered to belong to the same plant, " Berbem Japonica, 
Lindl. (Ilex Japonica, Thunb), alias B. Bealei, lort. Ihe one 
bearing the latter name resembles the plant so strangely referred 
by Thunberg to Ilex, and we propose to give an early figure ot 
it, under the name however of B. Bealei, since we cannot satisfy 
ourselves it is identical with Thunberg's Japan species lhe 
other kind we received from Messrs. Standish and Noble, the 
one here given, has points of difference which at first led me 
to conside? it as distinct; but I think it safest to record it on y 
as a variety. Indeed we shall have occasion to show that B. 
Japonica may be one of the many forms of B. Isepalensis, to 

* Since the above was in type we have received a third hardy Chinese kind, 
B. intermedia, Stand, and Noble, and a fourth most remarkable species, I. >, 
furca, Lindl. All are eminently beautiful plants, and we shall soon notice than 
more particularly. 

apbil 1st, 1855. 



which Mr. Don, in his Prodr. Fl. Nep., and Drs. Hooker and 
Thomson, in their FI. Indica, ined., have unhesitatingly referred 
it, though probably in both cases without having seen any au- 
thentic (Japanese or Chinese) specimens of Thunberg's plant. 
Our present object is however to notice the differences between 
the plant now before us and what we shall consider B. Bealei 
vera. It has much smaller and denser flowers, — twice the 
number, at least, in the same length of raceme ; the bracts, the 
rachises, the petioles especially, and even the scales on the young 
branches, are tinged with red or dark purple; the leaves are 
shorter and more compact, the leaflets thicker, almost imbri- 
cated, and more deltoid in form, — that is, having the base trun- 
cated and almost lapping over the base of the opposite one ; and 
what is still more remarkable, singularly plane on the surface, 
the margins between the spines by no means reflexed as in true 
Bealei (and as in the leaf of the Holly). It proves perfectly hardy, 
and has stood quite unharmed through our late severe winters. 
Both are in blossom with us in March, in a cool house. 

Descr. Our plant is at present scarcely a foot high. The 
young branches are moderately stout, pale glaucous-green, scaly, 
with purplish-brown, lanceolate, appressed scales. Leaves spread- 
ing, the largest of our plant a foot long,* with usually four, never 
more than five, pairs of opposite leaflets, including the lowest 
pair, which are more distant from the rest, and so close to the 
stem as to have quite the appearance of large stipules : the ter- 
minal leaflet is petiolate and cordato-ovate, the rest are deltoid- 
ovate, spreading horizontally, thick, coriaceous, the base trun- 
cate, its whole breadth closely applied to, and even lapping over, 
the rachis, quite plane on the surface, sinuato-spinose, the spines 
lew (live to six), strong and pungent, the lowest pair are the 
most deltoid, and the terminal leaflet is almost exactly ovate, 
subcordate at the base, and has the most spines (seven to nine) : 
the colour is very dark, opaque, green above, and slightly glau- 
cous paler and not at all glaucous beneath : the rachis is dark 
purple, nodose at the setting on of the leaflets. Racemes in a 
terminal fascicle, springing from an involucre of several, herba- 
ceous, broad ovate, green scales, tipped with purple. Rachis 
terete, tinged with purple : the lower part destitute of flowers, 
but scaly with spreading bracts, the same which are at the base 
of the short pedicels, herbaceous, red-purple. Flowers small, 
secund, drooping, crowded. Corolla yellow : petals bifid at the 
apex. 

Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Petal and stamen. 3. Pistil -.—magnified. 

• These leaves vary remarkably in size. Messrs. Standish and Noble have 
sent us a tracing of a terminal leailet which measures eight inches long and 
rather more than six broad ! 



Tab. 4847. 
GARCINIA Mangostana. 

Mangosteen, or Mangostan. 



Nat. Ord. GuttiferjE.'^-Dodecandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Cliar. Flores monoici, vel divisi. Calyx persistens, ebracteolatus, tetra- 
phyllus, foliolis subsequalibus, imbricatis. Corolla petala 4, hypogyna, calycis 
foliola alterna, ajstivatione imbricato-convoluta. — Masc. Stamina plurima, recep- 
taculo carnoso quadrangulari inserta, libera vel ima basi coalita ; Jilamenta fili- 
formia, brevia ; anthera introrsse, biloculares, erectae, loculis longitudinaliter de- 
hiscentibus. Ovarii rudimentum. — Fcem. Stamina sterilia 8-30 ; jilamenta dis- 
tincta, vel monadelpha, aut tetradelpha, fasciculis cum petalis alternantibus, glan- 
dulis nullis interjectis. Ovarium liberum, 4-10-loculare. Ovula in loculis soli- 
taria, e basi erecta, anatropa. Stylus terminals, brevis ; stigma late peltatura, 
sublobatum. Drupa carnosa, balsamiflua, stylo superata, putamine chartaceo 4- 
10-loculari. Semina in loculis solitaria, erecta, pulpa carnosa involuta ; testa 
coriacea. Embryo exalbuminosus, orthotropus ; cotyledonibus crassis, carnosis, 
conferruminatis ; radicula brevissima, infera. — Arbores Indices, foliis oppositis, 
petiolatis, coriaceis, integerrimis, nitidis, stipulis nullis, floribus terminalibus vel 
axillaribus. Endl. 



Garcinia Mangostana; foliis elliptico-oblongis acuminatis coriaceis, floribus 

terminalibus solitariis "masculis fasciculatis," bacca pomiformi globosa 

lsevissima stigmate 5-8-radiato coronata. 
Garcinia Mangostana. Linn. Sp. PL p. 615. Willd. Sp. PI. v. 2. p. 838. 

Itoxb. PI. Ltd. v. 2. p. 618. Spreng. Syst. Veget. v. %.p. 448. Aiton, Sort. 

Kew. ed. 2. v. Z.p. 143. Marsd. Sum. Atl. t. 3. 
Mangostana Garcinia. Gart. Fruct. v. 2. i. 105. 
Mangostana. Rumph. Herb. Amb. v. 1. p. 43. 



That the Art, or rather, as it may assuredly now be called, 
the Science of Horticulture, is brought to greater perfection in 
England than anywhere else, is a fact, we presume, generally 
admitted ; and if we were required to point out instances of the 
greatest triumphs in this line, we would, at this moment, direct 
attention to that most striking of all trees, for health and beauty, 
the Camellia reticulata, at Bank Grove, Kingston, Surrey, the 
scat of Byam Martin, Esq. ; and the fruit-bearing Mangosteen, 
at Syon, the subject of our present plate, It is hut n tew days 

MAY 1st, 1855 



ago that we were privileged to see the former (Camellia), from 
which upwards of 4500 flower-buds had been removed, lest the 
tree should be too much weakened, while more than that num- 
ber were left to expand, affording a succession of blossoms, from 
six to eight inches each in diameter, so close set upon the 
branches that they often touched each other, yet allowing ample 
view of the handsome reticulated foliage (characteristic of the 
species), and continuing some weeks in an almost equal state of 
perfection, to the gratification of innumerable visitors, who have 
been generously permitted to inspect it. The next day word 
was brought to us from Syon, that the noble Mangosteen plant 
there (of which we already possessed drawings of the flowering 
specimens) was bearing ripe and ripening fruit. Our drawing 
represents both states. It is well known that His Grace the late 
Duke of Northumberland encouraged the cultivation of tropical 
fruits, built stoves especially for them, and was eminently success- 
ful — witness the ripening of the Chocolate, the Nutmeg, Cloves, 
Litchis, Vanilla, and other rarities. Happily for Horticulture, 
the present Duke has trodden in his noble brother's steps, and 
under the skilful management of Mr. Ivison it is, that the Man- 
gosteen has borne flowers* and ripened its fruit. In appearance, 
the fruit is quite perfect; but it remains yet to be ascertained 
what its flavour may prove. f The tree is a native of the Mo- 
lucca Islands, but its cultivation has extended to the Malay 
Archipelago ; beyond which, it would appear, that all attempts 
to grow the tree well, and mature the fruit, have been hitherto 
unsuccessful; and it is an acknowledged fact that only those 
persons who have visited the Eastern Archipelago have been 
able to indulge in this highly prized fruit. In Bengal, espe- 
cially in the noble Botanic Garden there, we naturally look for 
the products of the adjacent islands : but Dr. Roxburgh, in his 
1 Flora Indica,' says, " From the earliest accounts we have of 
this charming tree and its delicious fruit, we learn that all the 
innumerable attempts hitherto made to familiarize it to other 
countries (than the Malay Peninsula, and islands to the east- 
ward of the Bay of Bengal) have uniformly proved unsuccessful. 
For these thirty-five years past I have laboured in vain to make 
it grow and be fruitful on the continent of India. The plant has 

* We should not do justice to the Leigh Park Gardens, and the skill and 
abilities of Mr. Scott, the intelligent gardener of Sir George Staunton, did we 
not say that he has succeeded in flowering the Mangosteen at the same tune 
(during the past winter), but the fruit failed. 

f While this sheet was in the press we were honoured by being invited to 
partake of a ripened fruit by His Grace the Duke of Northumberland. 'l lie 
fruit had no seed. The edible part is the palp of the cells, and these cells sepa- 
rate easily from each other, like the nils or lobes of an orange. The flavour wM 
delicious, and compared by some who partook of it to that between a first-rate 
peach and of a good grape. 



uniformly become sickly when removed to the north or west of 
the Bay of Bengal, and rarely rises beyond the height of two or 
three feet before it perishes." 

Rumphius, writing on this tree, says : — " Ejus fructus ex tes- 
timoniis omnium Indorum, apud quos reperitur, optimus ac salu- 
berrimus habetur omnium reliquorum fructuum. ' And all re- 
cent travellers bear the same testimony to its excellence. We 
will only give that of Dr. Abel, when speaking of the fruits of 
Batavia : — " First, in beauty and flavour, was the celebrated 
Mangostan. This, which has been so often eulogized by travel- 
lers, certainly merits much of the praise that has been lavished 
upon it. It is of a spherical form, of the size of a small orange ; 
is, when young, of a reddish-green colour; when ripe of a red- 
dish-brown ; and when old of a chestnut-brown colour. Its 
succulent rind is nearly the fourth of an inch in thickness. It 
contains a very powerful astringent juice, and in wet weather 
exudes a yellow gum, which is a variety of gamboge. On re- 
moving the rind, its esculent substance appears in the form of a 
juicy pulp, having the whiteness and solubility of snow, and a 
refreshing, delicate, delicious flavour. To define it by more pre- 
cise language, is very difficult. We were all anxious to carry 
away with us some precise expression of its qualities ; but after 
satisfying ourselves that it partook of the compound taste of the 
pine-apple and peach, we were obliged to confess that it had 
many other equally good, but utterly inexpressible, flavours. 
From its perfect wholesomeness, it may be eaten in any quan- 
tity; and as it possesses no luscious qualities, it does not soon 
cloy the palate." — It is not a little singular that a plant, nearly 
allied to the Gamboge, should yet yield so wholesome a fruit. 
The rind is astringent, and employed in cases of dysentery, and 
the bark of the wood is used as a dye. 

Descr. In our stoves we are not aware that the Mangosteei) 
plant has attained a greater height than ten or twelve feet. In the 
Malay Islands it is said to be twenty feet. Dr. Roxburgh speaks 
of it as a tree of a "large size, with a straight trunk and nume- 
rous spreading opposite branches and branchlets, forming an 
elegant conical head." Young branches terete, green, abounding 
in yellow juice. Leaves opposite, six to eight inches long, thick 
and coriaceous, glossy, elliptical-oblong, acuminate, penniveined, 
the veins close and parallel, almost horizontal. Petiole short, 
thick, sometimes transversely wrinkled. Floiuers, in the plant 
under our examination, solitary, terminal, on a short stalk, (Rox- 
burgh says the perfect flowers are solitary, those which have 
stamens only, fascicled,) bearing imperfect? stamens and pistil 
Calyx of four large, imbricated, thick, pale green, suborbicular 
sepals. Corolla dirtyish red colour, pale on the underside, of four 
spreading, suborbicular petals, longer than the calyx. St a 



twelve to fourteen, small, and apparently weak and imperfect, yet 
polliniferous. Filaments short, much shorter than the pistil, 
slender, all arising from a narrow, white, annular ring. Anther 
subglobose, two-celled ; cells opposite, white. Ovary large, glo- 
bose, six-celled. Stigma very large, almost as large as the ovary, 
six- to eight-rayed, rays obtuse, coherent with the top of the 
ovary. Fruit a large, globose, succulent berry, subtended by 
the persistent calyx, and crowned with the persistent stigma, 
deep purple-brown, more or less tinged with yellow or dull 
orange, and exuding yellow drops of juice, five- to eight-celled, 
each cell one-seeded. 



^ 'Fig. 1. Flower-bud. 2. Back view of a flower. 3. Stamens and pistil. 4. 
Stamens. 5. Transverse section of ovary: — all more or less magnified. 6. 
Fruit:— natural size. 7. Transverse section of ditto (from Gjertner) :— natural 



ms 




"WBtch. del etlith . 



■Kncent Brook M 



Tab. 4848. 

EUPOMATIA LAURINA. 

Laurel-like Eupomatia. 



Nat. Ord. Anonace^;. — Polyandria Polygynia. 



Gen. Char. Perigonium tubo turbinate*, cum ovario connate-, limbo supero, 
juxta basin operculo semielliptico caduco transversim debiscens. Stamina jiln- 
rima, margini persistenti limbi perigonialis multiseriatim inserta, basibus con- 
nata, exteriora fertilia, patula vel reflexa, filamentis e basi lata subulatis, antheris 
bilocularibus, loculis linearibus adnatis connectivo in mucronem producto supe- 
ratis, longitudinaliter dehiscentibus, interiora sterilia, petaloidea, sensim minora, 
arete imbricatim conniventia. Ovarium inferum, multiloculare, loculis sparsis, 
ad angulum centralem multiovulatis. Stigma sessile, planiusculum, areolis sub- 
rotundis loculorum numero notatum. Bacca turbinato-obovata, bmbi perigo- 
nialis margine angusto coronata, apice truncato areolata, multilocularis. Semina 
in loculis solitaria vel gemina, angulata, imprcsso-punctata ; umbilico basilari, 
rhaphe cbordaeformi, testa membranacea, endopleura tenuissima. Albumen car- 
nosum, testae -processubus lobatum, ejusdem prolongatione secundum rhapbem 
semibipartitum. Embryo in basi albuminis prope umbilicum minutus ; cotyledo- 
nibus linearibus, foliaceis; radicula tereti. — Frutex Nova-Hollandite Orientalis 
extra-tropicce, erectus, ramosus ; trunco gracili, ramis teretibus,subporrectis ; foliis 
alternis, bifariis, petiolatis, exstipulatis, impunctatis, coriaceis, utrinque nitidis, 
integerrimis ; pedunculis axillaribus, unifloris, folio brevioribus, ramuliforwibus, 
foliis alternis, nanis bracteatis. Endl. (ex Br.). 



Eupomatia laurina. 

Eupomatia laurina. Br. Bot. of Terra Austr. p. 65, Atlas, t. 2. 



This remarkable Australian plant, which the learned author 
of the genus says, " forms an unexpected addition to Anonacea, 
of which it will constitute a distinct section, remarkable in the 
manifestly perigynous insertion of its stamina' and the cohesion 
of the tube of its calyx with the ovarium," has been hitherto 
described by no botanist but Mr. Brown, who gives for its loca- 
lities woods and thickets in the colony of Port Jackson, especially 
in the mountainous districts, and on the banks of the principal 
rivers ; flowering in December and January. Yet, rich as our 
Herbarium is in Australian plants, we never had the good fortune 
to procure a specimen ; and great as our botanical intercourse 
has been with Australia, our garden has never possessed the 
MAY 1st, 1855. 



plant,* nor had we ever seen a specimen, till the Messrs. Hen- 
derson, of Pine Apple Place, were so good as to send us, in 
March of the present year, a plant, from which our present 
figure is taken. Through what channel the plant came into 
Messrs. Henderson's possession, they are not aware. It was 
neglected, from having produced no flowers, for a long time, and 
the blossoming brought it to immediate notice ; for these blos- 
soms are exceedingly curious in structure, and of great botanical 
interest. " A singular part of the structure of Eupomatia," Mr. 
Brown goes on to state, " consists in its internal barren, petal- 
like stamens, which, from their number and disposition, com- 
pletely cut ofT all communication between the antherse and stig- 
mata. This communication appears to be restored by certain 
minute insects eating the petal-like filaments, while the antheri- 
ferous stamina, which are either expanded or reflected, and ap- 
pear to be even slightly irritable, remain untouched." 

There are some differences between our plant and the figures 
made by Mr. Bauer and description of Mr. Brown, but not suffi- 
cient to justify us in forming of it a distinct species. Most of 
Mr. Brown's description is included in Endlicher's Gen. Char, 
above given. 

Descr. The plants we have seen from Mr. Henderson are 
young, and at present not more than a foot high, shrubby, 
branched. Leaves sempervirent, broad-lanceolate, acuminate, 
somewhat cuneate at the base ; petiole very short. Mowers soli- 
tary, terminal on short branches. We have not seen the bud 
with its curious deciduous hemispherical operculum, which con- 
stitutes, Mr. Brown observes, the only floral covering. The 
flower then, as seen in our figure, consists of a turbinate green 
receptacle, on the thickened edge of which the numerous stamens 
are arranged in many series, of which the outer are antherife- 
rous, consisting of a broad subulate filament, with a linear cell 
on each margin, opening longitudinally : all the inner stamens 
are abortive, large, petaloid, obovate, yellow, stained with orange 
or blood-colour at the base, especially the inner ones, and have 
exactly the appearance of a many-petaled corolla, of which the 
outer ones spread so as to cover and conceal the perfect stamens, 
while the inner ones are connivent, and almost conceal the ova- 
ries. The outer of these petaloid stamens have the disc beset 
with conspicuous, stipitate, globose glands, and the margin with 
stellated hairs, while the rest have, both on the disc and on the 
margin, the stipitate glands. (In Mr. Brown's plant the peta- 
loid abortive stamens are small and all connnivent, much shorter 

* A shrub indeed, called by this name, and sent as such by Allan Cunning- 
ham, more than thirty years ago, to Kevv Gardens, proves to be something quite 
different. The leaves have the fragrant smell of some Laurineons plant, but the 
plant has never produced hlossoms. 



than the spreading fertile stamens, and destitute of the remark- 
able glands and stellated hairs.) The flattened disc of the re- 
ceptacle bears on its surface, what appears at first sight a many- 
celled depressed ovary, and so our figures make them appear ; 
but a careful dissection will show it to be composed of a number 
of ovaries, all on the same plane, and incorporated into a m;iss. 
each terminated by its slightly elevated but sessile penicillatc 
or tufted stigma, one-celled, the cell containing four or five hori- 
zontal ovaries attached to one side of the cell. The fruit is 
unknown to me, and I refer to Mr. Brown's figure and descrip- 
tion for it. 



Fig. 1. Vertical section of a flower, from which the operculum had fallen. 2. 
Perfect stamen. 3. Outer abortive petaloid stamen. 4. Inner ditto. 5. Re- 
ceptacle from which the stamens (fertile and barren) are removed, and showing 
the disc bearing the united pistils. 6. Section of two of the condunatr ovaries ; 
but there should have been in this more magnified figure, a faint vertical line 
distinguishing the ovaries, and a transverse line below, as the separation from 
the receptacle : — all more or less magnified. 



W49 




TOiteh dd tOfh 



"Vincent Biodks Sap 






Tab. 4849. 

TRADESCANTIA Martensiana. 

Martens' Spiderworf. 



Nat. Ord. CommelynejE. — Hexandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Flores regulares. Sepala 6, libera, patentia; tria exteriora navi- 
cularia, persistentia ; tria interiora majora, petaloidea, breviter unguiculata, mar- 
cesceado persistentia. Semina 6, subhypogna, omnia fertilia. Filamenta libera, 
plerumque barbata. Antliera conformes, loculis reniformibus, connectivo varia 
forma distinctis, interdum tres sepalis exterioribus oppositse robustiores, loculis 
replicatis, extrorsse, filamentisque brevioribus sustentse. Ovarium, sessile, trilo- 
culare; ovula in loculis 2, superposita. Stylus!. Stigma simplex, obtusum, 
infundibulare vel peltato-ampliatum. Capsula trilocularis, trivalvis ; valvis medio 
septiferis. Semina bina, superposita, angulata. — Herbaa Americana, erecta vel 
diffusa, sape repentes. Folia indivisa. Vaginae Integra. Pedunculi axillares et 
terminates, solitarii, gemini vel plures, apice umbellato-pauci-multifiori, sape brevis- 
simi, subnulli folioque duplici involucrati. Kunth. 



Trades cantia Martensiana; pubescenti-glandulosa, caule procumbente geni- 
culate radicante apice nudo, foliis oblongo-ovatis acuminatis sessilibus va- 
ginatis, vaginis villosis, panicula terminali elongata effusa ditrichotoma, 
pedunculis fasciculatis umbelliferis ex axilla bracteae scariosa? vaginantis, 
pedicellis calycibusque pubescenti-glandulosis, floribus triandris, petalis albis, 
filamentis glabris, antheris oblongis, stylo perbrevi, stigmate trilobo lobis 
globosis hirsutis. 

Tradescantia Martensiana. Kth. Enum. PI. v. 4. p. 697, Commelina multi- 
flora, Mart, et Galeot. En. Synops. PL Mex.p. 3. 



It is not a little remarkable that a plant of Mexico, possessing 
so little beauty as the present, should come to us via the East 
Indies : but certain it is that the Royal Gardens of Kew received 
the present Tradescantia from Mr. Manley, of Calcutta : and no 
sooner did our late lamented friend Dr. Wallich see it growing 
in our stove, than he assured us it was a plant with winch he 
was familiar at the Calcutta Botanic Garden, where it was con- 
sidered an exotic, and it was endeared to him in consequence of 
the powerful smell of violets emitted by the flowers. Our Her- 
barium shows the plant to be a native of Mexico (Xalapa, Linden, 
and Martens and Galeotti), and Guatemala (Mr. Skinner), and 
the T. Martensiana, Kth. 1. c. Messrs. Martens and Galeotti 

MAY 1st, 1855. 



say of it, "Flores odorem Viola odorata spirant;" and Mr. 
Skinner observes upon his specimens, " sweeter than violets." 
On this account it is worthy of cultivation in every stove, and it 
flourishes in damp earth among Lycopodia, and in situations 
suited to the growth of tropical Ferns. 

Descr. Whole plant more or less glandulose-pubescent. 
Stems branched from below, terete, striated, one foot to one and 
a half foot long, decumbent, the lower part closely, the upper 
more distinctly, clothed with the sheathing basis of the alternate 
leaves : these latter are sessile, oblongo-ovate, acuminate, striated, 
the base obtuse, almost cordate, suddenly contracted into the 
very hairy, striated, cylindrical, submembranaceous sheath, which 
surrounds the stem. The stem becomes more slender upwards 
(with the leaves gradually smaller), and passes into the terminal 
panicle, a span or more long : the branches di-trichotomous, slen- 
der, the ultimate ones bearing an umbel of small, white, but ex- 
cessively fragrant, flowers, having exactly the odour of sweet 
violets. Bracteas ovato-lanceolate, the lower ones sheathing at 
the base. Calyx of three, green, glanduloso-pilose spreading se- 
pals. Corolla of three, ovate, white, spreading, crenulate, obtuse 
petals. Stamens three (only), alternating with the petals ; fila- 
ments naked ; anthers oblong, subsagittate. Ovary oblong, gla- 
brous. Style very short. Stigma of three, rather large, peni- 
cillate lobes. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Transverse section of ovary: — magnified 



4&S0 




W.Ttuh id et Mi 



"Vincent Brooks 



Tab. 4850. 

STREPTOCARPUS polyanthus. 

Many-flowered Streptocarpus. 



Nat. Ord. Cyetandrace^.— Diandria Monogynia. 

Gen Char. Calyx 5-partitus, persistens, sequalis. Corolla tubuloso-infundibu- 
liformu, tubo calycera duplo vel multoties superante, fame ventncosa, Umbo ob- 
liquo 5-lobo subsquali. Stamina 5, anteriora 2 fertilia, anthens glabns connatis, 
locnlis divaricatis, superiora 3 sterilia, tubo omnino adnata, apice tubercuMormia. 
Ovarium teres, elongatum, rectum, 1-loculare, fere 4-loculare, placentis 2 didymis 
lamellis conniventibus dissepinientum spurium fonnantibus utrinque revolutis 
margine ovuliferis. Stylus linearis. Stigma bilabiatum, lobis remformibus infe- 
rior vix rnajore. Capsula ailiquajforaiis, teres, apice depressa, spiraliter torta, 
loculicide dehiscens, ovarii structure conformis. Semim p unrna, mmuta, ob- 
loH-a.— Herbas Amtro- African®, acaules, cmpitom vel caukscerdes *oha op- 
posite. §&w.plurim, l-tf-velpluri-WoriJuniorescircmatminvoluh. Corolte 
pallide cceruleo-purpuruscentes, intus lineis purpurea notata. De tana. 



STEEPTOCABPUS poifantk*.; folds omnibus radicalibus Immifu sis jf eo 
dato-oblongis crenatis rugosis pubescentibus, scapo clongato bifido ram s 
paniculatis plurifloris, corollis hypocrateriformibus, tubo curvato, Umbo 
valde obliquo profunde 5-lobo, lobis cuneatis dentatis. 



Among the roots of some living Ferns, kindly brought to us 
from Natal by Captain Garden, there appeared, in the summer 
of 1853, seedlings of a plant, whose leaves few in number and 
pressed elose to the soil, gradually developed themselves, till the 
larger ones, in the following season (December), became a loot 
long From between the sinuses of these leaves and directly 
from the root there emerged one to three scapes, attaining al- 
together a foot in height, bearing good-sized ^f^ 
blue flowers, which proved to be those of an undescribed, if not 
wholly unknown, species, of the curious genus ***£& 
such as we have here represented; but it was quite impose bk 
to include the entire foliage in an octavo page. A dried speci- 
men of the same plant, and from the same country, we possess 
in our Herbarium, from our friend Mr. Sanderson; and it is. in 



MAH 1st, 1855. 



all probability, the " Didymocarpus ?" thus mentioned in Krauss' 
' Natal Flora,' p. 122, " e summis montibus inter Mauritzburg et 
Natalbay, alt. 2000-3000." It is as a species widely different 
from the only hitherto described South African species, 8. Bexii ; 
and equally, or more so, from the Madagascar species of Brown 
and De Candolle, all of which are caulescent, with axillary in- 
florescence. 

Descr. Leaves few, about two pair lying close to the ground, 
and, as it were, pressed down upon the soil : these pairs are ex- 
tremely unequal in size ; one is nearly a foot long in our living 
plant, the opposite one scarcely two inches ; both are alike in 
shape, cordato-oblong, rugose, downy, reticulately veined, the 
margin somewhat undulated and closely crenated : beneath, the 
veins are prominent, and the surface more downy. From one 
to three scapes arise from the sinus of the large leaf, a foot and 
more high, bearing a panicle, often bifid in the primary rami- 
fication, and many short divaricating subfasciculated pedicels, 
rarely bracteated, downy. Calyx hairy, with a short ovate tube, 
and five erect linear teeth or lobes to the limb, of which one is 
nearly twice the length of the rest. Corolla an inch and a half 
long, and as broad in the limb, delicate pale-blue, veined. Tube 
much curved; limb very oblique, of five, spreading, reticulated, 
cuneated, toothed lobes. Stamens inclined : fertile ones two in- 
serted near the middle of the tube : sterile ones near the base 
Filaments hairy. Ovary cylindrical, hairy, with a short cylin- - 
drical style and conical stigma. 



Fig. 1. Stamens. 2. Calyx and young fruit -.—magnified. 



mi 




WHtch deLet HI 



Vincent Broob Imp 



Tab. 4851. 

THYRSACANTHUS Schomburgkianus. 

SchomburgJcs Thyrsacanthus. 



Nat. Ord. AcanthacEjE. — Diandria Monogynia, 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4378.) 



Thyrsacanthus rutilans; fruticosa, ramis subtetragonis, foliis subsessilibus 
lato-lanceolatis acuminatis inferne attenuatis pilosulis margine subintegerri- 
inis, racemis axillaribus terminulibusque laxis longis pendulis plurifloris, 
bracteis floralibus subulatis, pedicellis brevibus, floribus oppositis, calycibus 
5-partitis pilosis laciniis subrequalibus subulatis, corolla? infundibuliformi- 
tubulosa? coccinese limbo parvo 5-lobo lobis subsequalibus erecto-patentibus, 
staminibus inclusis sterilibus brevibus capitatis. 

Thyrsacanthus Schomburgkianus. Nees in Benth. PI. Schomb. Lond. Journ. of 
Bot. 1845,;?. 636. ». 71 et 147, et in Herb. Nostr. Be Cand. Prodr. p. 11. 
p. 325. 

Thyrsacanthus rutilans. Planchon and Linden {coloured figure circulated). 
Paxtou's PI. Gard. v. 3. p. 73 {with woodcut). \ 



One of the most striking plants exhibited by the Horticultural 
Society during their interesting winter meetings in Regent-street 
(1854-5) was undoubtedly that of which the present is a figure 
of a small specimen. The shrub is a native of South America, 
and would appear to have a very extended range. Its discovery 
is due to C. S. Parker, Esq., in British Guiana, where Sir Robert 
Schomburgk afterwards detected it; and it has lately been 
found by Mr. Schlim in New Granada, near Ocaha, at an eleva- 
tion of 4000 feet above the level of the sea, and has been dis- 
persed by the Belgian Gardens. It seems to flower in the stove 
nearly all the year round. Dr. Lindley remarks of it, when al- 
luding to the winter plants flowering in the Horticultural So- 
ciety's Garden (Chron. March 3, 1855) : " One of the most or- 
namental of these is Thyrsacanthus rutilans, a stove-plant, as yet 
scarcely known ; but which should be in every collection, as it 
really is one of the handsomest things that has been introduced 

may 1st, 1855. 



for years. It produces great quantities of brilliant, crimson, tu- 
bular flowers, attached near the ends of long, branched, droop- 
ing flower-stems, which, when tied out a little, so as to fully ex- 
pose the blossoms to view, render the plant very effective. The 
flowers also keep a long time in perfection, a desirable property 
at all times, and especially at this season of the year." This is 
no exaggerated statement, as the public had an opportunity of 
witnessing by the noble plants exhibited at the Society's rooms 
the following Tuesday, when they attracted the attention of 
every visitor. 

Descr. Our plants are two to three feet high, branched, the 
branches subterete, glabrous, as is almost every part of the plant, 
and twiggy. Leaves a good deal confined to the young and ten- 
der shoots, nearly sessile, broadly lanceolate, acuminate, penni- 
nerved. Racemes axillary and terminal, one to two feet and 
more long ; their branches few, slender, and gracefully drooping, 
below bracteated with subulate, opposite bracts, the rest bearing 
good-sized flowers in opposite pairs, drooping. Pedicels short. 
Calyx slightly hairy, deeply cut into five, subulate, erecto-patent 
lobes. Corollas nearly two inches long, rich crimson, tubuloso- 
clavate ; the limb small, of five, erecto-patent, nearly equal, ob- 
tuse teeth. Stamens included, two perfect, inserted a little below 
the middle of the tube. Anthers oblong ; two abortive, small, 
capitate at the apex. Ovary oblong, seated on a conspicuous 
gland. Style a little exserted. Stigma minute, bifid. 



Fig. 1. Calyx and ovary. 2. Pistil: — magnified. 



iS5Z 




Ymcmt &ooffl Sup 



Tab. 4852. 

BERBERIS Bealei. 

Mr. Beetle s Chinese Berberry. 



Nat. Ord. BerberidejE. — Hexandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 4308.) 



Berberis (Mahonia) Bealei; foliis crasso-coriaceis rigidissimis, foliolis 4-5-jugis 
ovatis sinuatis parce (5-6) spinoso-dentatis valde pungeatibus infimis sub- 
rotundatis ad>basin petioli stipulaeformibus terminali petiolato, racemis fas- 
ciculatis, pctalis apice bifidis. 

Berberis Bealei. Fort, in Gard. Chron. 1850,^. 212. Hook. Bot. Mag. Tab. 
4845. Far. planifolia. 

Berberis Japonica. Bind, in Fl. Gard. v. 1. p. 11, with woodcut. 

Mahonia Japonica? Be Cand. 

Ilex Japonica. Thunb. Jap. p. 79. Ic. t. 32. 



One remarkable state of this plant, as we believe it to be, has 
been figured by us at our Tab. 4840, under the name of B. 
Bealei, planifolia. Fortune discovered the one now figured, as 
related in the ' Gardeners' Chronicle,' above quoted, in China, 
about 150 miles north of China, in the district of Hwuy-Chow. 
" The shrub was about eight feet high, much branched, and far 
surpassing in beauty all the known species of Mahonia." " Sir 
William Hooker," he continues, " informs me that this may be 
the plant which Thunberg calls Ilex Japonica, figured and de- 
scribed by Thunberg" (which Mr. Brown had long ago properly 
referred to Berberis), and I think so still, and Dr. Lindley has 
expressed the same opinion very confidently ; while, on the other 
hand, Mr. Don, in his < Flora of Nepaul/ and Drs. Hooker and 
Thomson, in their printed, but yet unpublished, ' Flora Indica,' 
have unhesitatingly, without having seen authentic specimens, 
referred Thunberg's plant to B. Nepalensis, Wall.; a species 
with very long leaves, bearing numerous pairs of leaflets, of a 
narrower form, more membranaceous texture (I am comparing 

June 1st, 1855. 



our Chinese plant, for Thunberg's figure is very unsatisfactory), 
narrower and less pungent leaves, strongly veined. On referring 
to Mr. Bentham's Herbarium however, we find a Japan speci- 
men (leaf only), gathered by Siebold in Japan, and this is clearly 
identical with B. Nepalensis ! and we certainly do find in some 
of our Indian specimens, here and there, leaves which exhibit 
the varied forms of leaflets, the same rigid coriaceous texture, 
and very pungent spines seen in all our states of /. Bealei. 
There is no reason whatever for retaining the name of Japonica, 
in this instance so long buried and lost as it were in the genus 
Ilex ; and, though a further acquaintance with the Japan and 
Chinese Berberries may show our Bealei to be a distinct species, 
the probability is that it will be found to merge into the well- 
known B. Nepalensis. I may here observe, too, that Messrs. 
Standish and Noble have sent me, from their Bagshot Nursery, 
another sort of Berberis from China, akin to the present, having 
longer leaves, concave on their upper surface, and more ap- 
proaching B. Nepalensis : in no way, I think, really distinct from 
B. Bealei, — all highly ornamental, and, horticulturally speaking, 
different from each other. But, handsome as these are, they fall 
far short in beauty of Dr. Lindley's B. trifurca, Lindl. in Pax- 
ton's Fl. Garden, p. 57, n. 525, where the woodcut of a portion 
of the leaf will give a better idea of the plant than any descrip- 
tion can do. The form of the leaflets is nearly oblong, the up- 
per half scarcely spiny, except in the three terminal spines, which 
point forward and have the intermediate of the three bent back : 
the venation is strong, the margins always refracted, the ultimate 
leaflet always sessile, the petiole and rachis dark purple. It 
has not yet flowered j but in its foliage it is the Prince of Ber- 
berries. 

Descr. Our description of the variety of B. Bealei given at 
Tab. 4846, and our respective figures, will indicate the characters 
of the two better than any laboured description. The leaflets are 
here more undulated, the margin between the spines reflexed, and 
the base more or less cuneate : in our present plant the flowers are 
much larger, and much less numerous on the racemes. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Petal and stamen. 3. Pistil : — magnified. 



£S53 




Tab. 4853. 
DENDROCHILUM glumaceum. 

Glumaceous Dendrochilum. 



Nat. Ord. Orchide^.— Gynandria Monandria. 

Gen. Char. Sepala etpetala sequalia, libera, patentia. Labellum integerrimuro, 
sepalis subconforme, basi concavum v. carinatum, nunc cristatum. Columna 
brevis, semiteres, antice processubus duobus cornua referentibus, apice dentata 
v .rostrate. Pollinia 4, libera (§§), ineumbentia.— Herba* supra arbores vigentes, 
totes conaceis in pseudobulbis sapius solitariis. Spicte terminates aut laterales, 
JiUJormes, muUiflora>. Flores juniores bracteis bifariam imbricatis occulti. Lindl 
(character ex Elume). 



Dendrochilum glumaceum; pseudobulbis aggregatis fusiformi-ovatis, foliis so- 
litariis lato-lanceolatis striatis inferne in petiolum (squama ampla vaginatum) 
longe attenuatis, spica elongata lineari-oblonga compressa alba, floribus dis- 
tichis, sepalis petalisque paullo minoribus acuminatis, labelli trilobi basi 
bilamellati lobis lateralibus abbreviatis inflexis subacutis intennedio orbi- 
culari, columna utrinque unidentato dente spiniformi elongate, apice bifido 
laciniato. 

Dendrochilum glumaceum. Lindl. Bot. Reg. 1841. Misc. p. 23. n. 



58 



With small flowers, and those possessing no colour to recom- 
mend them, we yet consider this one of the most elegant and 
graceful of Orchideous plants, and most desirable for cultivation. 
It is easily increased, the small pseudobulbs growing in masses : 
the leaves are ample for the size of the plant, sheathed below with 
large coloured scales, and the many spikes of ivory-white, close- 
set, distichous flowers, drooping from the extremity of a slender, 
almost filiform, curved stalk, cannot fail to attract attention. It 
is a native of the Philippines, and was imported by Mr. Cuming. 
It is best cultivated in a wire-basket, and suspended from the 
rafters of a moist stove. The flowers are very fragrant. 

Descr. Pseudobulbs crowded, forming dense, spreading 
masses, small, the younger ones fusiform, the older ones more 
inclining to ovate. The former are clothed with two or more 
arge, generally red, sheathing scales, within which is a much 
larger and longer (three to four inches long) sheathing, snbcylin- 
M ' NI - 1st, 1855. 



drical, inflated scale, tawny, and tinged with red. Leaves soli- 
tary, broad-lanceolate, rather obtuse, striated, tapering into a 
long footstalk, which is enclosed by the sheathing scale. Pe- 
duncle arising from the top of the pseudobulb, curved down- 
wards, slender, filiform, sheathed below (as the petioles are), 
and bearing a graceful, pendent, elongated, linear-oblong spike 
of crowded, distichous, white, sessile flowers. In a young 
state these spikes almost resemble those of Pkolidota. Bracteas 
lanceolate, convolute, white, at length tawny. Sepals and rather 
smaller petals uniform, spreading, oblong, acuminate. Lip 
small, projecting, and recurved ; three-lobed, lateral lobes acute, 
curved forward, middle lobe rotundate : the disc of the lip has 
two oblong lobes or thick lamella?. Column short, compressed, 
having on each side, near the base, a long spiniform tooth : the 
apex winged, bifid, and laciniated. Anther-case conico-cucullate, 
placed just above the small stigma. 



Fig. 1. Front view of a flower. 2. Column. 3. Labellum: — magnified. 



4J64 




id rt llth 



Tab. 4854. 
CANNA Warszewiczii. 
Warszewiczs Carina. 



Nat. Ord. Cannace^e. — Monandeia Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx triphyllus. Corolla limbus exterior trifidus, interior bila- 
biatus, labio superiore bi-tripartito v. abortu nullo, inferiore diviso. Filameufum 
petaloideum, anthera marginali. Ovarium inferum, triloculare. Ovula in locu- 
lorum angulo centrali plurima, horizontalia, anatropa. Stylus petaloideus ; stigma 
lineare, margini adnatum. Capsula membranacea, papilloso-muricata, trilocu- 
laris, loculicido-trivalvis. Semina plurima, subglobosa, testa coriacca, dura. Al- 
bumen corneum. Embryo orthotropus, axilis, cylindricus, albuminis longitudine, 
extremitatc radiculari albumen perforante, umbilicum attingente, cotyledonis 
apice subiuflexo. — Herbse Americana, tit plurimum tropica, pauca Asiatica, per- 
ennes, paludosa, caule simplici, foliis longe petiolatis, late ovatis, spica lerminali 
laxa, floribus bracteatis. Endl. 



Canna Warszewiczii ; foliis ovatis margine coloratis, vaginis spathis bracteis 
calycibusque purpureis, corolla? petalis omnibus intense coccineis inferiore 
emarginato, capsulis lato-pyriformibus dense papilloso-muricatis atro-san- 
guineis. 

Canna Warszewiczii. Dietr. in Otto und Dietr. Allgem. Gartenz. Jahrg. XIX. 
p. 290. 

Canna sanguinea. Hort. Germ. 



This fine Canna was introduced into German gardens, in 1S49, 
by M. von Warszewicz, from Costa Rica ; it is now very generally 
cultivated in England, and is well deserving of it, — the stem, but 
especially the peduncles, ovaries, calyx, and bracts, having a fine 
blood-red colour, and the flowers being of a bright scarlet. It 
belongs to that section of the genus characterized by a bifid 
upper lip of the corolla, including C. discolor, C occitkntalis, C. 
compada, C. carnea, etc.; but it differs from its allies in several 
essential points. 

Dkscr. The root is perennial. The stem (when the plant is 
uell cultivated*) attains a height of three to three and a half 

;ir In German gardens this Canna is planted daring lb' 1 sumnu r in the open 
borders, where it succeeds extremely well, as is also the ease with other Cannu, 

• ( i m: 1st, 1855. 



feet, and is round, robust, dark blood-red, primrose, and (as is 
the whole plant) glabrous. The leaves are about one foot long, 
and in the widest part about six inches across ; they are ovate 
or ovate-oblong, gradually tapering, and terminating in an al- 
most threadlike apex ; they are of a dark green, the midrib and 
veins below being more or less intensely red, as is also their 
margin. The inflorescence is more than half a foot long. The 
corolla is scarlet, externally occasionally with a bluish tinge. 
The ovary is nearly globose, obscurely tricorned, and thickly co- 
vered with little warts ; at first of dark blood-colour and prim- 
rose, but, after the flowers have faded, becoming lighter, and 
finally assuming a beautiful ruby colour, the warts being then 
transparent, and when held before the light showing a fine red. 
The stamen is very narrow-linear, of a light brown, and of the 
same length as the style. The fruit is nearly globose or obovate- 
globose, as large as a good-sized cherry when perfectly ripe, quite 
black, and covered with dried-up warts. The seeds are globose, 
as large as peas, and jet black. Seemann. 

Marantas, Musas, Begonias, Bambusas, etc. In England this mode of culture 
lias not yet been tried, probably from the prevailing notion that the difference of 
temperature of the two countries, from May to October, is too great to allow the 
experiment to succeed. There is no harm in trying it, especially as the case 
is not quite a hopeless one. The Germans formerly never dreamed that they 
should one clay behold broad-leaved Bauana trees and Cannas in their gardens 
flourishing with tropical luxuriance. Seem. 



Fig. 1. Flower from which the calyx is removed :— magnified. 1. Capsule. 
3. beed: — natural size. 



Tab. 4855. 

BEGONIA UROPHYLLA. 

Caudate-leaved Begonia. 



Nat. Orel. Begoniace,e. — Moncecia Polyandria. 
Gen. Char. [Vide supra, Tab. 4172.) 



Begonia urophylla; acaulis ramosa, foliis amplis lato-cordatis inciso-dentatis 
apice caudato-acuminatis, venis flabellatis subtus setosulis, petiolis setosis 
setis rnollibus deflexis, pedunculis radicalibus glabris, paniculis amplis valde 
ramosis repetitim di-trichotomis, floribus dipetalis, masculis petalis obovatis 
platris patentibus, foemineis petalis suborbicularibus valde concavis erecto- 
patentibus, fructu 3-alato, alis duabus brevibus, unica duplo majore rotun- 
dato-quadrangulari. 

Begonia urophylla. Hort. Belg. 



Under the above name we have received our present Begonia 
from the Belgian Gardens. It is certainly among the finest and 
handsomest of the genus ; the leaves ample, and the flowers large 
and very numerous, in panicles, which are compoundly divided 
in a di- or trichotomous manner. We are scarcely in a condi- 
tion, with our limited knowledge of the numerous species (now 
unfortunately, too, hybridized by cultivators), to say what are its 
nearest allies. Indeed, it is extremely different from any we are 
acquainted with. The long caudex of the large leaf is very pecu- 
liar. There are few species better deserving a place in a tropical 
stove. It flowers copiously in March. 

Descr. Our plant is stemless : the leafstalks spring directly 
from the root, are succulent, terete, and sparsely beset with de- 
curved subulate soft bristles or setae. Leaves very large, a span 
and more long, broadly cordate, green, paler beneath, the margin 
inciso-dentate, the apex runs out into a long tail-like point. The 
veins commencing from a conspicuous circular disc, at the base 
of the leaf, in the sinus, diverge in a flabellate manner, and are 
beneath beset with soft, white, pellucid, chaffy hairs on many 
of the nerves Peduncles radical, terete, glabrous and smooth, 
green, tinged with red, bearing a large, spreading, yet lax, di- 
trichotomously divided panicle, with two sorts of flowers; — 

■'1m; 1st. 1855. 



male, large, and female smaller ones. Male flowers of two 
spreading, opposite, plane, obovate, faintly striated, white petals, 
tinged with bluish. Stamens numerous, club-shaped, yellow. 
Female flowers not much more than one-fourth the size of the 
males. Petals two, erecto-patent, suborbicular, very concave. 
Ovary or capsule triangular, with a wing at each angle: two 
short and narrow ; one much larger, and dilated so as to have a 
subquadrate form. . Style short. Stigma twisted. 



Pig. 1. Female flower : — magnified. 




///>// 



T*Ltch,a-. 



THeeve,Tmp- 



Tab. 4856. 

EMBOTHRIUM coccineum. 

Scarlet Embothrium. 



Nat. Ord. Proteace2E. — Tetrandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Perigonium irregulare, hinc longitudinaliter fissum, apice quadrifi- 
dum. Stamina 4, perigonii apicibus concavis immersa. Glandula liypogyna unica, 
semiannularis. Ovarium pedicellatum, uniloculare, multiovulatum. Stylus fih- 
formis, persistens ; stigma verticale, clavatum. Follkulus oblongus, uniloculars, 
polyspermus. Semina apice in alam arachnoideam producta, pellicula interposita 
distincta. — Erutices v. arbuscula; glabra in America antarctica provenientes ; ra- 
mulis quandoque gemmarum squamis persistentibus obsitis, foliis sparsis integemmis, 
racemis terminalibus corymbosis, paribus pedicellorum mibracteatis, involucro com- 
muni nullo, floribus coccineis glaberrimis. Endl. 



Embothrium coccineum ; foliis ovab-oblongis obtusis mucronulatis subtus dis- 

coloribus, ramulis squamatis. Br. 
Embothrium coccineum. Forst. Gen. p. 16. tab. 8. litt. g.—m. Linn. Suppl. 

p. 128. Lam. III. t. 55. /. 2. Cavan. Icon. v. 1. t. 65. Bom. et Schult. 

v. 3. p. 431. Br. in Linn. Trans, v. 10. p. 196. Sprung. Syst. Veget. v. 1. 

p. 483. Hook. fit. Ft. Antarct. v. 2. p. 342. 



Abundant as are the Protectees in the Southern Hemisphere, 
in Africa and Australia, they are comparatively of rare occurrence 
in the Indian Islands and in South America. The genus Em- 
bothrium however, as limited by Mr. Brown, the great authority 
in this Natural Family, is confined to the latter country, and chiefly 
to the very high southern latitudes ; E. lanceolatum of Ruiz and 
Pavon being not found north of Concepcion, while our present 
beautiful species is chiefly confined to the Straits of Magellan and 
Tierra del Fuego, not however reaching to Cape Horn. It 
might be expected then, as it proves, to be quite hardy m this 
country, to which it was introduced by Messrs. Veitch, through 
their collector, Mr. William Lobb. Our flowering specimen here 
represented was sent from the Exeter Nursery in May, 18o3 
It is a handsome evergreen shrub, with racemes of the richest 
scarlet flowers.* 

* Those who had the gratification of witnessing the Exhibition of Flowers at 
Gore House this day (May 16), cannot, fail to have Been and admired among 
the more powerful ' attractions of the place, the splendid OrM* from the. 
Messrs. Veitch's Exotic Nurseries, Exeter and Chelsea, and the no less splendid 
Embothrium coccineum. 

JUN1 1st, 1855. 



Descr. Shrub apparently of moderate height, two feet in the 
present instance : branches terete, brown, woody ; the younger 
ones said to be clothed with scales. Leaves shortly petiolatc, 
oblong-oval, approaching to elliptical, firm, coriaceous, two and 
a half to near three inches long, entire, glabrous, dark green 
above, pale beneath, penniveined, very obtuse at the apex and 
mucronate, tapering below. Petioles about half an inch long. 
Racemes numerous, terminal, sessile, many-flowered. Bachis 
green. Pedicels red, half an inch to an inch long, erecto- 
patent. Flowers bright scarlet ; in bud nearly two inches long, 
tubular, curved upwards, the closed segments of the perianth 
forming a globose head, eventually separating one-third of the 
way down from the apex into four, spathulate, reflexed, and often 
spirally twisted lobes, in the concave apices of which the sessile 
oblong anthers are imbedded. Ovary elongated, cylindrical, 
shortly stipitate, bearing a prominent gland on the upper side of 
the stipes, tapering gradually into the red exserted style : stigma 
oblong, yellow, tipped with green. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Pistil :— magnified. 




"Vmcent ]W 



Tab. 4857. 
TRICHOPILIA coccinea. 

Bed-flowered Trichopilia. 



Nat. Ord. Orchlde^e. — Gynandria Monandria. 

Gen. Char. Sepala et petala aequalia, patentia, angusta. Labellum magnum, 
petaloideum, convolutum, cum columna parallelum, trilobum, lobo intermedio 
subbilobo planiusculo, intus nudum. Columna teres, clavata. CUnandrium cu- 
cullatum, trilobum, villoso-fimbriatum. Anthera unilocularis, compressa, antice 
convexa. Pollinia 2, postice sulcata, caudicnlce tenui cuneatac adherentia : glan- 
dula minima. — Pseudobulbi carnosi, vaginis maculatis supertecti, monophylli, 
coriacei. Flores solitarii, axillares. Lindl. « 



Trichopilia coccinea; pseudobulbis angustis oblongis compressis sulcatis 
monophyllis, foliis lanceolatis planis basi subcordatis acuminatis recurvis, 
pcdunculis piurifloris, petalis lineari-lanceolatis acuminatis semel tortis, Ia- 
bello quadrilobo lobis rotundatis convexis planis basi arete convohito, cu- 
culli trilobi laciniis fimbriatis subsequalibus. Lindl. 

Trichopilia coccinea. Lindl. in Paxtons Fl. Gard. v. 2. t. 54. 

Trichopilia marginata. " Ilenfr. Gard. Mag. of Bot. July 1851, with ajigure," 



A native of Central America, where it was discovered by Mr. 
Warszewicz, who sent it to England in 1S49, under the name of 
Trichopilia coccinea, a name properly adopted by Dr. Lindley, 
though not till after it had been published by Mr. Henfrey under 
the name of T. marginata. The specimen here figured in April 
of the present year (1855) is from the collection of S. Rucker, 
Esq., Wandsworth, and we are informed by his skilful gardener, 
Mr. Junkermann, that it was presented to that gentleman by 
Mr. H. Gireoud, gardener to Charles Nauen, Esq., of Berlin ;— 
equally derived from Mr. Warszewicz. It is a very handsome 
species, most so of any of the genus, and is described as some- 
times having the entire flower of a rich deep carmine colour, 
whereas in our plant the outside of the flower is white, or nearly 
so; — the upper or inner side red-purple; the sepals margined 
with white. In Dr. Lindley 's figure the upper side of the lii- 
bellum has a clearly defined border of white, and the peduncles 

JL-NK 1st, 1S55. 



or scapes are single-flowered. Its nearest affinity is with T. tor- 
tilis; from which the last-mentioned author observes it differs 
" principally in its larger and rich carmine flowers, slightly twisted 
sepals and petals, and the equal size of the fringed lobes of the 
anther-hood." 

Descr. Pseudobulbs clustered, oblong, compressed, smooth, 
dark green. Leaves solitary, from the apex of the pseudobulb, 
broad-lanceolate, coriaceous, suddenly acuminate ; near the base 
often somewhat spreading, so as to be subauriculate. Peduncle 
from the base of the pseudobulb, about three-flowered. Flowers 
large, handsome, in our specimen white externally, reddish-purple 
within. Petals and sepals spreading, linear-lanceolate ; sepals 
of the same shape, but slightly twisted, all margined with white 
above. Lip trumpet-shaped, the mouth oblong, large, spreading ; 
the four lobes broad, rounded, waved. Column included within 
the convolute claw of the lip, white, terete. Hood of the anther 
three-lobed ; lobes nearly equal in size, fringed. 



Fig. 1. Column. 2. Pollen-masses: — magnified. 



ms 




TVTibA del.f.Iidi 






Tab. 4858. 
GENETYLLIS tulipifera. 

Tulip-bearing Genetyllis. 



Nat. Ord. Myrtace^e. — Icosandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx tubulosus, 5-costatus, dimidiatus, infeme ovario adnatus, 
basi carnosus, superius in faucexn productus, limbo obtuse 5-dentato ; totus la?vis, 
v. inferiore parte ovarium corticante rugulosus, vel rugis transverse parallelis in 
marginem liberum cartilagineum productis pluriannulatus. Corolla scariosa vel 
membranaeea, limbo calycis adnata; petala 5, concava vel naviculari-carinata, in 
acumen obtusum extenuata, conniventia. Andronitis ultra calycis limbum bre- 
vissimo, brevi, v. longiori spatio monadelpha, inferius inde comiuens in laminam 
parieti faucis adnatam. Stamiuodia 10, staminibus totidem rite alterna, variflB 
configurationis dentiformia, subulata, ligulifbrmia, petaloidea, prsefloratione erecta. 
Filamenta staminodiis subsequalia v. longiora, filiformia, praenoratione introflexa, 
antheris duplice serie, altiori et demissiori, fauci applicatis. Antherce globosre, 
connectivi simplicis fronti insertse, bilocellatas, locellis subconfluentibus, virgineis 
leviter constrictis, poro postico dehiscentibus, Ovarium calyci omnino immer- 
sum, vertice truncatum laminaque epigyna indutum. Ovula gemina paucave in 
placenta basifixa centrali erecta, anatropa. Stylus exsertus, infra stigma barba- 
tus vel glaber. Fructus. . . . — Mores in apicibus ramulorum pauci vel numerosi 
capitato-congesti, in axis dilatati receptaculifornds areolis sessiles, v. pedicellati, 
bracteis stipali internis hebetatis, extimis vero seepe auctis coloratisqne involucrum 
capituli exJiibentibus. Bracteolas bince, libera, juxta calycis basin opposite, sessiles, 
membranacece, naviculares, carinata, fioris primardium amplectentes, dein divergentes, 
sub antliesi deciduce. Schauer. 



Genetyllis tulipifera; foliis plerisque oppositis subsessilibus patentibus punc- 
tatis oblongo-ellipticis obtusis membranaceo-marginatis serrulatis, capitulis 
nutantibus, involucris amplis campanuliformibus albis sanguineo pulcher- 
rime pictis, foliolis latissimis, calycis tubo inferno 10-sulcato sulci's transverse 
rugosis, staminodiis clavatis apice coloratis parvis. 

Genetvllis tulipifera, Hort. 

Hedaromb tulipiferum. Lindl. in Gard. Ckron. 1S54, /?. 323. 



During the distant excursions so frequently made by the vene- 
rable Drummond in Western Australia to the interior of the 
Swan River Settlement, he spoke with rapture of two species of 
Genetyllis, as among the most interesting of his discoveries ; and 
when his specimen^ were distributed to the European subscri- 

if-v 1st, 185&. 



bers, they were found to bear him out in his eulogies ; and these 
have both now happily been raised from seeds in our gardens ; 
so that in April of the present year we had the pleasure to re- 
ceive beautiful samples of the two, flowering in great perfection, 
from the nursery of Messrs. Garaway, Mayes, and Co., of the 
Bristol Nursery. The same were exhibited at the summer exhi- 
bitions of the present year, and have attracted much attention. 
Both are figured in the present number. That now before us, 
G. tulipifera, though only two feet ten inches high, had from 150 
to 200 heads of flowers upon it. Each little branch is terminated 
with a drooping richly coloured involucre, resembling a gay tulip, 
and which many, unacquainted with the family to which the plant 
belongs, take for a large corolla: whereas they are but floral 
leaves, sheltering and completely concealing from view the real 
flowers. It is a hardy greenhouse plant. 

Descr. Shrub between two and three feet high, firm, erect, 
much branched; branches nearly erect, angled, pale brown. 
Leaves mostly opposite, nearly sessile, perennial, patent, between 
elliptical and oblong, dark green above and punctated, pale be- 
neath, the margin cartilaginous or submembranaceous, pellucid, 
minutely serrulate. Heads of several -flowers terminating the nu- 
merous branches, and with their large and highly coloured involucre 
drooping. The upper leaves are also gradually larger, broader, 
and more or less coloured ; those, constituting the involucre, with 
the interior or uppermost ones white, more or less streaked or 
blotched with deep rose or blood colour, and so arranged as to 
resemble a large bell-shaped, polypetalous corolla. Mowers 
small, few in number, collected into a head at the base of the 
involucre, each subtended by two concave and subcarinate brac- 
teoles. Calyx-tube subturbinate, below ten-furrowed, the furrows 
transversely wrinkled : limb of five, small, obtuse teeth. Corolla 
of five, ovate, obtuse petals. Stamens arising from the edge of a 
fleshy annul us or disc at the mouth of the calyx ; ten perfect, 
short, with globose anthers, and ten (outer series) are minute, 
clavate stamuiodia. Style thrice as long as the flower, thick, 
subulate, barbate below the acute stigma. 



Fig. I. Loaf. 2. Flower. 3, 4. Bracteoles. 5. Vertical section of calyx, 
B. Stamen and staniinodiuin : — magnified. 



4&$ 




TSaceat Brook inp- 



Tab. 4859. 

RHODODENDRON retusum. 

Blunt-leaved Rhododendron. 



Nat. Ord. Ericaceae. — Decandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4336.) 



Rhododendron retusum ; fructicosum, ramulis exasperatis, foliis obovato-ob- 
longis coriaceis obtusis retusisve subtus pallidis squamulosis marginibus 
recurvis, floribus umbellis pedunculisque birsutis, calycibus parvis lobis 5 
brevibus unico longiore pedunculisque hirsutis, corollis infundibuliformi- 
tubulosis coccineis basi ventricosis, staminibus subexsertis, ovario elliptico 
squamuloso. 

Rhododendron retusum. Bennet in 11. Jav.p. 88.2. 20. Be Cand. Prodr. v. 7. 
p. 724. 

Vireya retusa. Blum. Bijdr.p. 856. 



A native of high mountains of Western Java, where it was 
first found by Blume ; and Dr. Horsfield detected it in the 
island of Sumatra, in 1818, on a journey from Padang to Me- 
nangcabo, in shaded situations about 3000 feet above the ocean. 
It may be considered then a greenhouse plant, and should be 
treated as such. Messrs. Rollisons, of Tooting Nursery, have raised 
it from seeds sent by their collector, Mr. Henschell, from Java, 
and we are indebted to them for the opportunity of figuring it. 
It is truly a lovely plant, of the group of B. ferragineum and 
hirsntum among European species, and R. anthopogon, lepidotum, 
etc., among Indian species ; but in the size and colour of its 
flowers and foliage, handsomer than any of them. The flowers 
approach nearer to scarlet than any other species of the genus. 
It blossomed with Messrs. Rollisons in May. 

Descr. A shrub a foot to two feet high; branches woody, 
brown in age, rough with minute raised points ; less so in the 
cultivated than in the wild state. Leaves two to two and a half 
inches long, almost sessile, oblong or elliptical-obovate, evergreen, 
coriaceous, spreading, glabrous, the margins recurved, the apex 
JULY 1st, 1855. 



very obtuse or often retuse, dark green above, the younger 
ones paler, the old ones a little inclined to ferruginous be- 
neath, and there furfuraceous with numerous minute scales. Um- 
bels terminal, of six to eight or nine flowers. Peduncles about 
two-thirds of an inch long, red, hairy. Flowers moderately 
drooping. Calyx minute, yellow-green, ciliated and squamulose, 
five-toothed ; teeth very short and acute, but one longer than the 
rest. Corolla an inch and a quarter or an inch and a half long, 
rather bright scarlet, tubuloso-infundibuliform, the base ventri- 
cose, the limb short and moderately spreading, of five rounded 
lobes. Stamens a little exserted, ten ; filaments glabrous, and 
slightly thickened below ; anthers tawny. Ovary oblong, five- 
angled, squamulose, inserted on a lobed glandular disc. Style 
filiform, rather shorter than the stamens, thickened below the 
stigma. 



Fig. 1. Stamen. 2. Calyx and pistil. 3. Section of ovary : — magnified. 



4S60 




lucent Bronks k°p- 



Tab. 4860. 
GENETYLLIS macrostegia. 

Large-involucred Genetyttis. 



Nat. Ord. Myrtace^e. — Icosandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4858.) 



Genetyllis macrostegia; foliis plerisque oppositis erecto-patentibus subses- 

silibus lineari-subspathulatis anguste serrulato-cartilagineo-marginatis supra 

, punctatisj capitulis nutantibus, involucris amplis subcylindraceo-campauu- 

liformibus unicoloribus rubris, foliolis ellipticis, calycis tubo inferne 5-sulcatis 

sulcis transverse rugosis, staminodiis parvis clavatis apice coloratis acutis. 

Genetyllis macrostegia. Turcz. in Bull, de la Soc. Imp. Sc. Nat. de Moscou, 
v. 22. Part II. p. 17. WaVpers, Ann. Bot. v. 2. p. 616. 



We have alluded to this Genetyllis, under our Tab. 4858, as 
one of the two beautiful species of the genus the discover) of 
which in West Australia had given such pleasure to Mr. Drum- 
mond, and as having been received by us from the Bristol Nur- 
sery, Messrs. Garaway, Mayes, and Co. It is scarcely less beau- 
tiful, and certainly not less curious, than the G. tulipifera, figured 
at the Tab. just mentioned. It is a smaller plant ; the leaves 
are much narrower, more sparse; the coloured involucres are 
perhaps more numerous, but smaller, not so spreading at the 
mouth, and the foliola are narrower, and all of a uniform brick- 
red colour. In writing on the G. tulipifera, Dr. Lindley says, 
"that plant should be compared with the G. macrostegia of 
Turczaninoff." We think, however, our friend has done right 
in not adducing the latter as a synonym to that species. The 
present one accords so much better with the short description 
of G. macrostegia, that I think there can be little doubt that this 
is the species that was in view, and that G. tulipifera was quite 
unknown to him. It proves to be as hardy as the others ; and 
Messrs. Garaway and Mayes observe that it requires plenty of 
light and air, a compost of good peat and sand, with a little 
charcoal intermixed, and a moderate supply of water, especially 
in winter. It is the case with this and G. tulipifera, that the 
July 1st, 1855. 



more hardy its treatment the brighter the colour of the bracts. 
Both have the merit of continuing in flower three or four months 
at a time. Their involucres are of a dry, membranaceous cha- 
racter, and would probably retain their colour and form for a 
long time in a dried state, like the Xeranthemums and other 
so-called Everlastings. 

Descr. The figure will show, almost better than words can 
do, how this plant differs from G. tulipifera. It is smaller, slen- 
derer, and more twiggy. The leaves rather longer, but much 
narrower, and subspathulate. The bracts ovfolioles of the invo- 
lucre are narrower and less convolute, and less retuse at the apex. 
The flowers are very similar in structure ; but we observe only 
five furrows in the lower part of the tube. 



Fig. 1. Leaf. 2. Young flower. 3, 4. Bracteoles. 5. Vertical section of a 
calyx. 6. Anther. 7. Stamen and staminodium : — magnified. 



£<?£/ 




,ks Imp- 



Tab. 4861. 
DIPLOTHEMIUM littorale. 

Sea-shore Diplothemium. 



Nat. Ord. Palmace^:. — Moncecia Polyandria. 

Gen. Cliar. Mores monoici in eodem spadice, quincunciatim dispositi, masculi 
in parte inferiore verrucis oallosis hemisphEericis (pedicellis, Mart.) super foe- 
mineos impositi, in superiore solitarii, sessiles, bracteis flores masculos geminos 
vel intermedio fcemineo sociatos cingentibus, favoso-connatis. Spatha duplex : 
exterior brevior, apice aperta, membranacea vel coriacea ; interior clavata vel 
cylindracea, mucronata, ventre demum fissa, dorso sulcata, lignosa. Fl. masc. 
subcarnoso-coriacei. Calyx uterque 3-sepalis ; sepalis exterioribus anguste lan- 
ceolatis, carinatis, ima basi connatis, erectis; interioribus ovatis, subcaritiatis, 
erectis vel conniventibus. Stamina 6-12 vel indefinita (14-20, 24 et 60) e toro 
basilari; filamenta subulata, insequilonga ; antherce sagittate vel sublineares, 
erectae. Ovarii rudimentum minutissiraum vel nullum. Fl. fcem. conacei, 
striati, ovato-globosi. Calyx uterque 3-sepalus; sepalis ovatis, carinatis; ex- 
terioribus imbricato-convolutis ; interioribus vix minoribus, integerrimis vel re- 
pando-dentatis. Ovarium globoso-trigonum, loculis 2 rudimentariis 1-loculare. 
Stigmata 3, sessilia, triquetra, pyramidato-conniventia, demum subpatentia. Drupa 
ovata vel obovata, stigmatum residuis umbonata, 1-sperma, cortice fibroso; puta- 
mine lapideo, basi 3-poroso. Albumen cartilagineum, solidum. Embryo intra 
porum basilaris.— Palmaa in maritimis sabulosis vel in campis siccis herbidis sparse 
et gregarie crescentes, plerumque acaules, rarius caudicem crass iusculum inermem 
annulatum elevantes. Frondes pinnata, breviter petiolata, pinnis angustis,firmis, 
rigide patentibus vel crispis, interrupte aggregatis, subtus argenteis vel glauco-viruh- 
bus; petiolorum basi vaginante, jibroso-panniformi, tandem lacera. SpadicesM/a- 
plices, antice dense florigeri. Spatha exterior intra frondium bases latens. Flores 
majusenli, ochroleuci. Drupae flavescentes ; carne fibrosa, eduli. Mart. 



Diplothemium littorale; acaule, frondibus spissis rectiusculis, pinnis rigid] a 
subtus glaucescentibus, floribus masculis 10-12-andris,drupis obovatis sub- 
angulatis. Mart. 

Diplothemium littorale. Mart. Palm. 110. t. 76./. 5 only. Kth. Emm. Ftent. 
v. 3. p. 290. 

Cocos arenarids. Gomez, Act. Olysip. 1812. p. 61. 



The Royal Gardens of Kew are indebted to the Jarain des 
Plantes of Paris for the possession of this small but graceful 
Palm. It threw up its spatha in the spring of 1855, which soon 
burst, and exposed to view the spike, or spadix, of dull yellow 
flowers. All the three described species of this genus are con- 

JUly 1st, 1855. 



sidered to be peculiar to Brazil. Of the present one a solitary 
habitat is given by Martius, namely, " the sandy, maritime shores 
of St. Sebastian." 

Descr. Stemless. A short, horizontal caudex appears above 
ground, annulated or scarred transversely with the marks of for- 
mer fronds, rooting below. Fronds three to four feet long, erecto- 
patent, rigid. Petiole more than half as long as the foliaceous 
portion, angular, below connected by transverse fibrous web. 
Pinna narrow, linear-lanceolate, solitary, or two to four proceed- 
ing from the same point, all very much acuminated. Peduncle 
shorter than the petioles, compressed. Spatha four to five inches 
long, boat-shaped, acuminate; interior sheathing the peduncle 
within. Flowers forming a close spike on the spadix, of a pale, 
rather dingy yellow colour. In our specimen they seemed to be 
all male flowers, each consisting of a monophyllous calyx, with 
three deep ovate acuminate lobes j corolla of the same shape and 
colour. Stamens twelve to fourteen or fifteen. Filaments subu- 
late, short. Anther oblong, yellow ; no trace of pistil. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Stamens : — magnified. 



ItSGZ 







. x jjroob M 



Tab. 4862. 
STREPTOCARPUS Gardeni. 

Captain Gardens Streptocarpm. 



Nat. Ord. DidymocarpejE. — Diandria Monogyma. 
Gen. Cliar. (Fide supra, Tab. 4850.) 



Streptocarpus Gardeni; foliis omnibus radicalibus humifusis oblongo-ovatis 
basi cordatis pubescenti-velutinis crispatis rugosis crenatis, scapis plurimis 
bifloris, floribus nutantibus, segmentis calycinis apice patentibus, corolla; 
tubo elongato curvato, limbo bilabiato, labio inferiore porrecto, stigmatc 
distincte umbilicato. 



We had the satisfaction, at our Tab. 4850, of figuring a new 
Streptocarpus, S. polyanthus, from Natal ; and we have now the 
opportunity of representing another new species of this handsome 
genus from the same country, and derived through the^same gen- 
tleman as sent us that, viz. our obliging friend Captain Garden. 
The affinity of the present, it will be at once seen, is with the 
well-known S. Bexii ; but it is nevertheless quite distinct, both 
in foliage and in flowers. The leaves are longer and handsomer, 
more ovate in form, more rugose and more wrinkled, and cor- 
date at the base. The scapes are almost invariably two-flowered : 
the calyx has the segments patent at their apices. The corolla, 
though of nearly the same size, is different in form and in colour ; 
uniform pale-blue in 8. Rexii, here the tube is green or greenish- 
white, and the limb lilac ; moreover the tube is much broader (not 
suddenly contracted in the lower half), slightly curved down- 
wards; and the limb, instead of spreading into five nearly 
equally spreading lobes, is more decidedly two-lipped, the two 
lobes of the upper lip moderately patent, and the three com- 
posing the lower lip porrected or standing forward : the lines on 
the lower lip, instead of being blue and continuous, are sangui- 
neous, and interrupted in dots or short streaks : the stigma too 
is different. The plant flowers copiously in a warm greenhouse 
during the summer months. It is not a little remarkable that 

JULY 1st, 1855. 



both this and our S. polyanthus came from seeds accidentally 
contained in the Natal earth brought with other plants. 

Descr. Leaves all radical and pressed close to the earth, 
ovato-oblong, cordate at the base, on rather short petioles, cre- 
nated, downy, reticulate-rugose, crisped, especially at the mar- 
gin, paler and almost tomentose beneath. Scapes several from 
the same plant, erect, downy, purplish below, the rest green, 
bearing two flowers with a bractea at the forking of the pedicels. 
Calyx quinquepartite ; segments linear, below erect, the apices 
patent. Corolla two and a quarter inches long ; tube moderately 
curved downwards, rather broad, gradually enlarging upwards, 
whitish or pale-green, decidedly green below, especially towards 
the throat; limb pale lilac, two-lipped; upper lip of two oval 
lobes, moderately spreading back, lower of three such lobes 
standing forward, and streaked in the inside with broken lines 
or dots of a sanguineous colour. Stamens two perfect; three 
minute abortive ones are represented by capitate glands. Ovary 
long, cylindrical, downy, arising from an hypogynous cup, taper- 
ing into a short narrow style. Stigma of two very short fleshy 
lips, umbilicate in the centre. 



Fig. 1. Pistil: — magnified. 



/n363 







TEncoH 



Tab. 4863. 

RHODODENDRON Californicum. 

Californian Rhododen dron . 



Nat. Ord. Ericace^i. — Decandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4336.) 



Rhododendron Californicum; foliis subobovato-ellipticis coriaceis acutis gla- 
bris brevi-petiolatis concoloribus subtus pallidis, umbella terminali multi- 
flora, calycis parvi subpilosi laciniis acutis utiica longiore, corolla lato-cam- 
panulata roseo-variegata lobis undulatis intus (tribus superioribus) flavo- 
macolatis, staminibus 10 corolla brevioribus, lilamentis basi pubescentibus, 
ovario elliptico appresse piloso-sericeo. 

Rhododendron Californicum. Hook. MS. in Herb. 



We have possessed this plant in our Herbarium from the 
mountains of California, and have recognized it as a new species 
ever since Mr. Lobb's first mission to that region ; and on a 
visit, this spring, to Mr. Veitch's Exotic Nursery, King's-road, 
Chelsea, we were much struck with the great beauty of living 
flowering plants of the same, exhibiting a richness of colour 
in the varied pale and very deep rose tints of the numerous 
corollas, of which the large heads are beautifully nestled in an 
involucre, as it were, formed by the handsome green leaves con- 
stituting a dark background to the flowers. Some of these 
plants were exhibited, with many other rarities from the same 
Nursery, at the memorable Flower-show of the Crystal Palace at 
Sydenham of this year (June, 1855), and could not fail to at- 
tract attention, though surrounded by so many other floral beau- 
ties : they were noticed the following week in the ' Gardeners' 
Chronicle, 5 among the new plants* exhibited by Mr. Veitch, as 
a " delicate pink kind of Rhododendron, very different in appear- 
ance from those of the eastern mountains of America, or from 
any we have at present in cultivation." It seems to be a most 

* One of these novelties was another species of Rhododendron from Borneo, 
with large golden-colomcd flowers, It. Brookeanum, which we trust soon to have 
the opportunity of figuring and describing. 

•H'LY 1st, 1855. 



ready flowerer, the plants, with three or four of these splendid 
heads, being little more than a foot high. The species has stood 
the winter well at Exeter. 

Descr. Apparently a small or moderately sized shrub, with 
the habit of small plants of B. maximum, or still more of B. 
Catawbiense, having stout branches, of which the younger ones 
are green and subherbaceous. Leaves on short petioles, three 
to four inches long, elliptical, obovate, acute, often almost mu- 
cronate at the point, tapering at the base, except in the upper 
leaves, glabrous and naked on both sides, paler coloured on the 
underside. Beneath the flowers the leaves are generally more 
crowded, so as to form a sort of involucre to the large umbellate 
head. Calyx small, five-lobed ; the lobes form a broad base, al- 
most subulate, slightly hairy. Corolla, in bud rich carmine, 
when fully expanded broad campanulate ; tube short, suddenly 
spreading into five, broad, oval, crisped lobes ; the ground co- 
lour is then pale pink, deeper towards the apex of the lobes, and 
streaked with darker rose ; three upper lobes with small yellow 
spots within. Stamens 10, unequal, shorter than the corolla; 
filaments deep rose, thickened and downy below. Anthers deep 
pink. Ovary elliptical, with five longitudinal furrows, clothed 
with long, appressed, silky hairs, five-celled. Style rather larger 
than the stamens, glabrous. Stigma with five very minute 
points. 



Fig. 1. Stamen. 2. Calyx and pistil. 3. Transverse section of the ovary. 



/t864- 




Utah. &d d Mi 



Tab. 4864. 

AKEBIA QUINATA. 

Five-leaved Akebia. 



Nat. Ord. LardizabalacEjE. — Monoecia Hexanduia. 

Gen. Char. Masc. Calyx 3-phyllus, foliolis ovato-lanceolatis concavis sub- 
&>qualibus, in restivatione subvalvatis. Petala 0. Stamina 6, biserialia, suba> 
qualia, libera ; filamentis cylindraceis primo erectis dcin incurvatis ; antheris rau- 
ticis. Ovariorum rudimenta 6. F(EM. Calyx foliolis subrotuudis concavis. 
Stamina 6-9, nana, abortiva. Ovaria 3-9, tunc ordine ternario disposita, dis- 
tincta, oblongo-cylindracca, in stylum brevem stigmate peltato terminatum at- 
tenuata, ovulis parieti foveolato v. papilloso affixis, primo orthotropis serins 
anatropis? — Frutioes Japonici scandentes, foliis peltatim digitalis, 3-5-fo/io/alis, 
foliolis apiculatis iideyerrimis v. repando-dentatis, sublobntisve. Racemi axillaret, 
peduueulis androgynis, ima basi squamatis, pauci/loris ; floribus fecmineis hiferion- 
bus longius pedicellatis. Becaisne. 



Akebia quina la; foliolis ternis saepius quinis ovatis vel obovatis integris ob- 

tusis v. eraarginatis mucronato-setaceis. Bene. 
Akebia quinata. Decaisne, Mem. sur les Lardizab. p. 195. Lindl. Bot. Reg. 

1847, t. 28. 
Uajania quinata. Thunb. Jap. p. 148. 



Our only wild specimens of this plant were collected by For- 
tune in China, and are the A. 31 of his Herbarium : it appears 
however to be a native of Japan, and is well figured and de- 
scribed in the ' Flora Japonica' of Siebold and Zuccarini. The 
plants represented, and which flowered at Kew, were received 
from Mr. Lowe, of Clapton Nursery, and were originally intro- 
duced into Europe by Siebold. 

Descr. A slender, scandent, evergreen shrub, with terete, flex- 
uose stems, everywhere quite glabrous, leaves alternate, on 
slender petioles, usually quinate ; leaflets articulate with the pe- 
tiole, petiolulate, obovate, emarginate, or obcordate, quite entire, 
coriaceous, glaucous beneath. Racemes axillary and from re- 
duced lateral branches, peduncled, their branches with minute 
bracteae at the axils, often corymbose. Flowers pedicel led, uni- 
sexual, slightly fragrant. The males smaller, terminal on the 

must 1st, 1855. 



raceme, their sepals oblong or elliptical, reflexed. Stamens six, 
in two series ; filaments very short ; anthers oblong, blunt. Fe- 
male flowers two to five on each raceme, on longer pedicels than 
the males. Sepals three, broadly elliptical, concave, coriaceous, 
subacute. Ovaries three to five in our specimens, cylindrical, 
with blunt, sessile, discoid stigmata ; imperfect stamina very 
minute, sessile. 



Fig. 1. Female, and 2. Male flowers: — both magnifml. 



£SG5 




Tab. 4865. 
NICOTIANA fragrans. 

Sweet-scented Tobacco. 



Nat. Ord. Solanace^e. — Pentandria Monogtnia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx tubuloso-campanulatus, semiquinquefidus. Corolla infun- 
dibuliformis vel hypocraterimorpha, limbo plicato-quinquelobo, lobis per aestiva- 
tionem plicatis et conniventi-contortis. Stamina 5, corollas tubo inserta, inclusa, 
ssepe subsequilonga, nonnunquam insequalia ; anthem longitudinaliter dekiscentcs, 
brevissime ovatse vel globosse; pollen oblongum, longitudinaliter trisulcatum. 
Ovarium biloculare, placentis linea dorsali dissepimento adnatis, multiovulatis, 
nectario crasso annulari obsolete lobato basi circumdatum. Stylus simplex. 
Stigma capitatum, patellaeforme, intus glandulis 2 magnis instructum. Capsula 
calyce persistente tecta, bilocularis, apice septicido-bivalvis, vel quadri-multi- 
valvis, valvis demum bifidis, placentas discretas retinentibus. Semina plurima, 
minima, oblonga, subreniformia, rugosa. Embryo in axi albuminis carnosi, leviter 
arcuatus. — Herbce, intardum suffrutescentes, scepissime glutinoso-pilosa, in America 
tropica copiosee, partim in aliis tenia (4) crescentes ,■ foliis olternis, integerrimis ; 
floribus terminolibus, racemosis aut paniculatis, albidis, virescentibus, v. purpuras- 
centibus, pedicellis axillaribus, calyces subcequantibus. De Cand. 



Nicotiana fragrans ; subglutinosa, ubique pilis brevibus crispulis pubescente- 
scricea, foliis crassis subcarnosis inferioribus praecipue radicalisms obovato- 
spatlmlatis, caulinis paucis lineari-spathulatis, panicula tenninali anipla mul- 
tiflora, floribus in ramis subglomeratis nutantibus, calycibns mflatis lacinns 
imequalibus, corolla; (albaa) tubo longissimo cylindraceo ore paululum dda- 
tato, limbo glabra 5-6-lobo lobis rotundatis patentibus dorso cannatis, sta- 
minibus 5-6, filamento unico breviore. 



A very fine species of Tobacco, discovered during Capt. Den- 
ham's surveying voyage by Messrs. Macgillivray and Milne in 
rocks and waste places on the sea-shore in the Isle of Pines ; re- 
markable for the firm, thick, fleshy character of the foliage, and 
which becomes most beautifully satiny in the dried state, for the 
great size it attains in a state of cultivation, and for the delicious 
fragrance of the large white blossoms. It evidently belongs to 
the same section with N. undulata, Vent, et Br. {N. suavcolens, 
Lehrn.); but cannot be the same, if Ventenat's figure (Hort, 
Malmais. t, 10) be correct. It is a plant of easy cultivation m 

AUGUST 1st, 1855. 



a cool greenhouse, and deserves a place in every collection. It 
continues long in flower in the summer months. 

Descr. Herbaceous. In cultivation attaining a height of three 
to four feet. Boot-leaves large, broad-obovate, spathulate j cau- 
line ones few, distant, linear-spathulate, all of them thick and 
fleshy, firm, and, as well as the entire plant, except the limb of 
the corolla, clothed with short close-set hairs, which in a dry 
state give them a silky or satiny appearance. Panicle large, 
terminal, the branches bearing glomerated racemes of large, ter- 
minal, pendent, very fragrant flowers. Bracteas small, appressed. 
Pedicels short, decurved. Calyx ovate, inflated, five- or six-lobed j 
lobes erect, appressed, unequal, sublanceolate, obtuse. Corolla 
with the tube very long, cylindrical, pale-green, almost white, 
slightly enlarged at the mouth. Limb broad, spreading, of five 
or six broad, somewhat waved, rounded lobes, carinated at the 
back. Stamens five or six, adnate for nearly the whole length 
of the tube, and reaching to the mouth ; one shorter than the 
rest and more free. Ovary ovate. Style as long as the corolline 
tube. Stigma a dark green disc, depressed in the centre. 



Fig. 1. Pistil. 2. Transverse section of ovary -.—magnified. 



4S66 




Tab. 4866. 
DRYMONIA villosa. 

Shaggy Drymonia. 



Nat. Ord. Gesneeiace^:. — Didynamia Angiospermia. 

G-en. CJiar. Calyx liber, obliquus, 5-phyllus, sepalis imbricatis. Corolla obli- 
que campanulato-subringens, basi postice gibba, fauee patula, labio superiore bi- 
lobo, inferiore trilobo. Stamina 4, didynama, antheris inter se liberis ; rudimentum 
quinti nullum. Stigma bilobum. Annulus hypogynus et glandula postica. Cap- 
sula baccans, ovata, coriacea, 1-locularis, bivalvis, placentis 2 parietalibus bila- 
mellatis. Semina numerosa, fusiformia. — Frutices Australi-Americani scandentes, 
hinc inde radicantes, aut humifusi. Caulea tereliusculi, epidermide nitida. Folia 
opposita, petiolata, serrata, pubescentia, crassiuscula. PediceUi axillares, solltarii, 
uniflori, breviusculi, petiolo subaquales, ebracteati. Corolla? ampla, fiavida aut 
alba, scepe pictte. Be Cand. 



Drymonia villosa ; villosissimo-lanata, foliis ovatis reticulatim venosis rugosis 
acutis vel acuminatis serratis subtus venis valde elevatis, floribus axillaribus 
subternis brevi-pedicellatis pseudo-verticillatis, calycis superne gibbosi laci- 
niis acuminatissimis sursum inclinatis, corollas villosa; albae tubo curvato 
compresso intus purpureo-lineato limbo bilabiato 5-lobo lobis rotundatis 
obtusis, stylo staminibus multo breviore. 

Drymonia villosa. Hort. 



Received from Mr. Lowe, of the Clapton Nursery, under the 
name* we have here adopted, but where described, if described 
at all, we are ignorant ; it is reported to have been introduced 
by one of Mr. Van Houtte's collectors from Surinam. It appears 
a very distinct and handsome species, remarkable for its densely 
villous and woolly clothing. It flourishes in a moist stove, and 
flowers in May and June. 

Descr. Subherbaceous, a foot or a foot and a half high, much 
branched from below ; branches erect, obtusely tetragonal, thickly 
hairy and woolly. Leaves opposite, petioled, ovate, acute or 
acuminate, coarsely serrated, villous with spreading hair, strongly 

* This name also appears in the catalogue of plants of the Royal Horticultural 
Society of Belgium. 

august 1st, 1855. 



reticulated and rugose, the nerves prominent beneath and then 
tomentose. Petioles an inch or more long, thick, woolly, and 
villous. Flowers axillary, generally ternate and spreading, so as 
to form pseudo-verticils. Pedicels short, single-flowered. Calyx 
gibbose at the base, above deeply cut into five, large, much acu- 
minated segments, inclining upwards, about one-third as long as 
the tube of the corolla, very villous. Corolla villous externally ; 
the tube gibbous at the base above, curved, compressed, the 
mouth spreading, within on the lower side marked with purple 
hues j limb two-lipped, upper of two, lower of three, spreading, 
rounded lobes. Stamens included, four, didynamous. Anthers 
nearly globose, approximate in pairs. Ovary ovate, villous, with 
a large gland at the back. Style much shorter than the stamens. 
Stigma obtuse. 



Fig. 1. Base of the tube of the corolla, with stamens and pistil. 2. Pistil and 
gland. 



/fS67 




■± dd * Wh 



V&MOt & 



Tab. 4867. 
STYLOPHORUM diphyllum. 

Two-leaved Stylophorum. 



Nat. Ord. PapaveracejE. — Polyandria Monogyxia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx diphyllus, foliolis pilosis, fcstivatione valvatis, caducis. 
Corolla petala 4, hypogyna, obovata, decidua. Stamina plurima, liypogyna ; 
filamenta filiformia ; antherm terminates, extrorsse, bilocularcs, loculis longitudi- 
naliter dehiscentibus. Ovarium oblongum, uniloculare. Ovula juxta placentas 
intervalvulares, 3-4, plurima, anatropa. Stylus terminalis, columnaris ; stigma 
capitatum, tri-quadrilobum. Capsula elliptica, setosa, unilocularis, apice valvis 
3-4 incompletis revolutis inter placentas filiformes persistentes dehiscens. Semina 
plurima, scrobiculato-punctata, strophiolo umbilicali cristseformi. — Herbae boreali- 
AmericancE, perennes, succo flavo repletce, foliis paucis v. (/embus, summis oppositis, 
pinnatijidis, noribus terminalibus, subcorymbosis, luteis. Endl. 



Stylophorum diphyllum. 

Stylophorum diphyllum, Nuttall, Gen. v. 2. p. 7. Gray, Gen. Plants U.S. t. 48. 

Botany of the Northern United States, p. 27. 
Stylophorum petiolatum. Nuttall. 
Stylophorum Ohioense. Spreng. Syst. v. 2. p. 570. 
Meconopsis diphylla. DC. Syst. v. 2. p. 88. Prodr. v. 1. p. 121. Torrey el 

Gray, PI. N. Am. v. I. p. 61. 
Meconopsis petiolata. DC. I. c. 
Chelidonium diphyllum. Michx. PL v. 1. p. 309. 



A native of woods in the Western United States, whence all 
our specimens are much larger than the cultivated ones, with 
pinnatisect or bipinnatifid leaves and axillary flowers, from what 
appear as involucral leaves in our specimen, becoming large and 
bearing leaf-buds with flowers in their axil. The plant figured 
was raised from seed sent by our esteemed friend Dr. Asa Gray, 
Professor of Botany in Cambridge University. 

Descr. Plants six inches to a foot high, of rather a pale green 
colour and succulent texture, resembling Meconopsis Cambnca, the 
petioles, stems, and peduncles loosely covered with spreading 
setEe. Radical leaves broadly oblong or ovate, blunt, pinnatifidly 
lobed, cordate at the base; the segments lobed and crenate, 
glaucous below. Cauline leaves generally two, opposite, and 

AUGUST 1st, 1855. 



forming an involucre, shortly petiolate with a reduced stipule-like 
leaf on each side of the stem between the bases of the petioles, 
their blade sometimes pinnatisect. Flowers solitary, pale yellow, 
inclined. Sepals hairy. Stamens numerous. Anthers oblong. 
Ovary strigose, with a straight columnar style, and truncate, some- 
what clavate, four-lobed stigma. Capsule elliptical, splitting to 
the base into four valves, by which character the genus is best 
distinguished from Meconopsis. 



Fig. 1. Stamen. 2. Ovary. 3. Transverse section of ovary • — magnified. 



; r y6 f y 




Tab. 4868. 
THERMOPSIS BARBATA. 

Shaggy Thermopsis. 



Nat. Ord. Leguminos^e. — Decandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx oblongus v. campanulatus, apice quinquefidus, subbilabi- 
atus. Corollcs papilionacese vexillum breviter unguiculatum, late orbiculatum, 
apice emarginatum, lateribus reflexum, alas oblongas subaequans; carina sub- 
rectaa obtusas petala dorso connata. Stamina 10, libera. Ovarium subsessile, 
pluriovulatum. Stylus subincurvus, basi vix dilatatus ; stigma terminale, par- 
vum. Begumen compressum, oblongo-lineare v. falcatum. — Herbse perenues, se- 
riceo-villosce, in Asia et America boreali indigenes; foliis palmatim trifoliolatis, 
superioribus nonnunquam simplicibus, stipulis ovato-lanccolutis, d'lstinctis, smpim 
foliaceis, racemis terminalibus, floribus pedicellatis, geminis v. verticillatis, ebrac- 
teatis,flavis. Endl. 



Thermopsis barbata; sericeo-tomentosa, pilis longis hirta, foliis 1-3-foliolatis, 
foliolis oblongis stipulisque subsimilibus margine patentim pilosis utrinque 
glabris v. longe et parce pilosis, calycibus pilosis, legumine oblongo v. 
ovato vix falcato piloso demum leviter inflato. Benth. 

Thermopsis barbata. Boyle, Illastr. Himal. PI. p. 100. t. 34./. 1. Walp. He- 
pert, v. 1. p. 562. Benth. in Hook. Bond. Journ. Bot. v. 2. p. 431. 

Anagyris? barbata. Gra/iam, in Wall. Cat. n. 5341. 



A fine species of Tliermopsis, with large and singularly-coloured 
flowers, raised by Mr. Moore at the Glasneviu Botanic Garden 
from seeds sent from Himalaya by Major Madden, and flowered 
in June of the present year in the open air. It is a native of 
elevations of 10,000 to 13,000 feet, chiefly in the drier valleys, 
and has been found from Sikkim westward to the Simla Hima- 



Descr. Root perennial, woody. Stems stout, erect, branching, 
six to eighteen inches high, villous with soft, spreading, white 
hairs, as are the bracts, pedicels, calyx, and petioles. Leaves 
whorled, sessile, lanceolate, acuminate or acute, glabrous or ci- 
liated or hairy, three to seven in a whorl. Flowers in short ax- 
illary racemes, together forming a thick, dense, elongated, com- 
pound raceme. Calyx campanulas with spreading, lanceolate, 

august 1st, 1855. 



subulate segments. Petals large, of a peculiar dull violet-colour, 
very dark. Vexillum erect, orbicular, two-lobed. Ala rounded 
at the apex, shorter than the deflexed, oblong, blunt carina. 
Stamens all free. Ovary villous. Pod broadly oblong, blunt, 
suddenly contracted to a mucronate apex ; valves villous ; seeds 
two to four, oblong, reniform. 



Fig. 1. Vexillum. 2. One of the alae. 3. Carina. 4. Stamens anrl pistil. 
Pistil : — magnified. 6. Pod. 7- Leaves : — -natural size. 



ists 




Tab. 4869. 
PHYSOSIPHON Loddigksii. 

Mr. Loddiges Physosiphon. 



Nat. Ord. Orchide^.— Gynandria Monandria. 

Gen. Char. Calyx tubulosus, basi ventricosus, apice trifidus. Petala in fundo 
ealycis, carnosa, nana. Labellum et columna Stelidis. Poll'mia 2, spkaorica. — 
Herbae epiphyta; habitu Pleurotballidis. Lindl, 



Physosiphon Loddigesii ; folio oblongo obtuso racemo solitario mnlto breviore, 

calycis tubo triquetro, labelli lobo medio serrulato scabriusculo. 
Physosiphon Loddigesii. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. sub tab. 1797. 
Stelis tubata. Lodd. Bot. Cab. t. 1601. 



Received at Kevv from the Belgian cultivators under a very 
inaccurate name ; and we are obliged to Dr. Lindley for the 
correct one, and the reference to the figure in Loddiges' Bot. 
Cabinet. " Under the name of Stelis t/ibata,'' says Dr. Lindley, 
I.e., "Messrs. Loddiges have published a very curious plant, 
with the habit of Pleurothallis, but with its sepals all united 
into a tube, which is inflated at the base and contracted at the 
mouth. Otherwise its fructification has the structure of Stelis." 
Besides the present species, Dr. Lindley includes in the genus 
Phys. emarginatus (Pleurothallis, Lindl), and Phys. spiralis, 
Lindl. (in Herb. Hook., from St. Catherine, Brazil), Phjs. cari- 
nattis, Lindl. (a species very near the present), PJiys. ockracem, 
Rich, and Galeotti (probably not distinct from this) ; and he has 
since expressed an opinion that Pceppig and Endlicher's Speck- 
linia dichotoma is a fourth species. The present one is a native 
of the mountains of Oaxaca, and flowers with us in July. Mr. 
Loddiges describes and figures his plant as having drooping ra- 
cemes ; it is not so with us. 

Descr. From apparently a slender, creeping rhizome, arise 
several, four to six or more, plants, each consisting of a petioled, 
oblong, subspathulate, coriaceous, obtuse, one-nerved leaf, the 

SEPTEMBER 1ST, 1855. 



petiole sheathed with two cylindrical brown scales, from within 
which the scape arises ; this is very slender, filiform, shorter than 
the leaf, bearing one or two small, sheathing, remote bracts, and 
terminated by a long, slender, secund, erect, racemose spike of 
many, rather distant, solitary flowers, which spread horizontally. 
Pedicels a little longer than the sheathing, membranaceous bract, 
curved. Flowers yellow-green in the lower half, the rest deep 
red-orange, paler before full expansion. Three outer sepals (con- 
stituting the whole external portion of the flower) long lan- 
ceolate, but combined for more than half the length into the 
greenish, triangular tube, spreading or ventricose at the base, 
contracted at the mouth; the limb constituted by the three 
equally spreading, oblong, obtuse, mucronated, orange-coloured 
apices. The rest of the flower is very small, and wholly included 
within the tube. Petals obovate, shorter than the column and 
lip. Lip articulated upon a short prolongation of the base of 
the column, erect and applied to the face of the column, oblong, 
three-lobed ; intermediate lobe ovate, serrated ; within the lateral 
lobes on each side is a lamella. Column semiterete, three-lobed 
at the apex ; lobes nearly equal, acute. Anther sunk in the 
cavitv between the three lobes. 



Fig. 1. Portion of a rachis and flower. 2. Petals, labellum, and column 
removed from the flower, fig, 1. 3. Column. 4. Labellum: — magnified. 



,S70 







Tab. 4870. 
EREMURUS spectabilis. 

Showy Eremurus. 



Nat. Ord. Asphodeleje. — Hexandrta Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx 6-sepalus, corollaceus, regularis, deciduus(P); sepala dis- 
tincta, inferne tri- superne uninervia, subsequalia, patentia, mox involuta. Stamina 
6, hypogyna, sepala duplo superantia. Filamenta filiforraia, imberbia, in alabastro 
varie torta. Antlierce biioculares, oblongse, dorso supra basim bifidam pro rc- 
ceptione filiformi foratnine instructse, margine tmnido, secundum longitudinem 
interne dehiscentes, interdum 1-2 castratae. Ovarium liberum, sessile, subglo- 
bosum, triloculare ; ovula in loculis 2 vel 3, inversa, uno latere secundum longi- 
tudinem adnata (ampbitropa, Endl.); exostomio inferne spectante. Stylus 
flliformis, stamina requans, post fecundationem deorsum pendens, demum iterum 
adscendens {Bieberst.). Stigma parvum, truncatum, simplex. Capsula mem- 
branacea {Endl.), subgloboso-elliptica, 6-sulcata, trilocularis, loculicido-trivalvis ; 
valvis medio septiferis. Semina in loculis 2-4, triquetra, arillo? tenuissime 
membranaceo fuscescente, ad angulos alato prominente obtecta; testa nigra, 
tenuis, coriacea. Embryo axilis, bilo parallelus, longitudine albumiais, extremitate 
radiculari infera. — Herba perennis. Eadix e ftbris crassis fasciculata. Folia 
radicalia linearia, triquetro-carinata, striata ; caulis scapiformis, ereclus, simplex, 
nudus, apice racemoso-multijlorus. Flores longe pedicellati, solitarii, cernui, pedl- 
cellis basi unibradeatis, sub apice articulatis. Sepala Jiavicantia, carina virente. 



Eremurus spectabilis. 

Eremurus spectabilis. Bieberst. Plant. Ross. t. 61. Fl. Taur. Cane. v. 3. p. 269. 

El. Alt. v. 2. p. 25. Sic. Fl. Gard. t. 188. Kth. Syn. Fl. 4. p. 554. 

Spreng. Syst. Veget. p. 83. 
Eremurus Altaicus. Stev. inNouv. Mem. de la Soc.des Nat. Mosc. v. 3. 9. p. 98 A. 8. 
Eremurus Caucasicus. Stev. I.e. p. 96. t. 6. 
Eremurus Tauricus. Stev. I. c.p. 97. t. 1. 
Asphodelus Sibiricus. Sievers. 
Asphodelus Altaicus. Fall. 



A really handsome, hardy, Asphodelaceous plant, native of 
Altaic Siberia, the Caucasus, Koordistan, Tauria, Scinde, etc. 
(Dr. Stocks). Variable indeed in its appearance (in a great 
measure perhaps depending upon soil and elevation above the 
level of the sea), and especially in the length and breadth of the 



SEPTEMBER 1ST, 1855. 



leaves, so that the excellent Steven has been induced to constitute 
three species ; but neither do our authentic specimens, nor indeed 
the descriptions of Steven, show any tangible specific distinctions, 
and they are not adopted by succeeding botanists. Boissier has 
indeed referred the Asphodelus Persicus of Jaubert and Spach 
(111. PI. Or. vol. 2. t. 102) to the genus Eremurus ; but the la- 
mented Dr. Stocks rightly observes, in his notes on specimens 
which he found in Scinde, " Hanc plantain sub Eremuro potius 
quam Asphodelo militare non solum ex antherse, filamenti, stig- 
matisque characteribus (a cl. Bossiero enumeratis) patet, — sed 
etiam ex ovulis in ovarii loculis 4-6 seminibusque membrana 
laxa ad angulos alato-prominente testamque nigram tegente prae- 
ditis." Walpers enumerates it twice over under Eremurus and 
under Asphodelus. Boissier's E. Aucheriana does not seem to 
be truly different from spectabilis. It produces its long racemes 
of sulphur-yellow flowers, with large bright orange-coloured an- 
thers, in the month of June. 

Descr. Boot perennial, of several thick, fleshy, descending fasci- 
culated fibres. Leaves all radical, from six inches to a foot long, 
and from half an inch to two inches in width, linear-ligulate, 
glaucous-green, moderately channelled and obscurely keeled, 
sheathing at the base. Scapes three to four times as long as the 
leaves (including the raceme), erect, terete, striated, bracteated. 
Raceme elongated, subcylindrical, many-flowered. Flowers erect 
in bud, patent when fully expanded. Bracteas subulate, gene- 
rally shorter than the pedicels, which latter are about an inch 
long. Perianth divided to the very base, with six ovato-elliptical, 
spreading, sulphur-coloured sepals, slightly tinged with orange. 
Stamens six. Filaments rather longer than the sepals, orange- 
coloured in their lower half. Anthers oblong, deep orange. 
Ovary globose. Style subulate. Stigma a mere point. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Stamen. 3. Pistil :— magnified. 



Tab. 4871. 
ACHIMENES heterophylla. 

Various-leaved AcJmnenes. 



Nat. Ord. Gesneriace^. — Didynamia Angiospermia. 
Gen. Char. {Fide supra, Tab. 4312.) 



Achimenes Iteterophylla ; parce pilosa, caule simplici atro-purpureo, foliis oppositis 
petiolatis altero saepius minore ovatis acuminatis reticulato-venosis grosse 
serratis, pedunculo axillari solitario unifloro basin versus scepe bibracteolato, 
calycis lobis subulato-lanceolatis erectis sequalibus parce ciliatis, tubo ovario 
adhserente, corollas coccineaj tubo (intus flavo) infundibulifonni-cylindraceo 
basi superne gibboso, limbi lobis aequalibus patentibus rotundatis crenatis, 
stylo staminibus longitudine corollas tubi. 

Achimenes heterophylla. Be Cand. Prodr. v. 7. 536 {excl. Syn. Mart. t. 120. 
/. 2). Bentham, Plant. Hartw. p. 47. Hartw. Herb. Mexic. n. 352. {Herb. 
Nostr) 

Trevirania heteropbylk. Mart. Nov. Gen. et Sp. v. 3. p. 65. 

Achimenes Ghicsbrechtii. Renders. Cat. 1853 (name only; but quoting as 

syn. " A. ignescens," Lemaire, MS. in Van Tloutte Fl. der Gwchshsr. r. 3. 

t. 45 : according to Walp. Ann. Bot. v. I. p. 473). 



From the stove of the Royal Gardens of Kew, where it flowers 
in July and August. Our plant was received from Mr. A. Hen- 
derson, Pineapple-place, Edgware-road, under the name of A. 
Ghiesbrechtii of Van Houtte ; and in Mr. Henderson's catalogue 
for 1853 this is given as identical with A. ignescens of Lemaire. 
But it is unquestionably a species from Mexico, long ago described 
by Martius as Trevirania heterophylla (Achimenes, DC.), although 
our artist has not distinctly represented the inequality of size in 
the opposite pairs of leaves which generally prevails. It is a 
handsome species, most like Achimenes ped?wculata i ~Benih., Tab. 
4077 of our ' Botanical Magazine/ 

De Candolle has committed a little error in quoting Martins' 
figure in the Nov. Gen. etc., t. 226, f. 2. The figure given there 
is thus referred to by Martius, under the species : — " Videas cha- 
racterem fructificationis (meaning of the genus) in tab. 22G ? 1 2, 
Trevirania pidcheUa' ' 
n.MBKii 1st, 1855. 



Descr. Root fibrous. Stem from a span to a foot high, dark 
purple, herbaceous, slightly hairy, erect, decumbent only at the 
very base. Leaves opposite, pctioled, ovate, acuminate, one of 
each pair usually smaller than the opposite one, the margins 
coarsely serrated, the surface rugose with reticulated depressed 
veins. Peduncles solitary, axillary, single-flowered, generally 
having a minute pair of opposite minute bracteas near the base. 
Calyx superior, of five, deep, subulate-lanceolate, erect, slightly 
ciliated lobes. Corolla rich scarlet, glabrous (yellow within the 
tube) ; the tube between cylindrical and funnel-shaped, slightly 
curved, and slightly gibbous at the base above. Limb of five, 
spreading, equal, rounded, waved and crenulated lobes. Sta- 
mens four, didynamous. Filaments inserted at the base of the 
tube of the corolla, and nearly equal to it in length, and a fifth 
abortive, subulate, very short filament. Ovary turbinate, united 
with the tube of the calyx. Style filiform, as long as the stamens; 
at its base is a five-lobed annular gland. Stigma two-lobed. 



Fig. 1. Corolla laid open. 2. Ovary and style and portion of the calyx :— 
magnified. 



H7l 







Tab. 4872. 
LEPTODACTYLON Californicum. 

Calif or nian Leptodactylon. 



Nat. Ord. PolemoniacEjE. — Pentandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx tubuloso-campanulatus, subsequalis, semiquinquefidus, lobis 
subulatis spinescentibus, sinubus membranaceis. Corolla infundibuliformis, limbo 
patente, lobis obovatis obtusis. Stamina intra partem superiorem tubi inserta, 
sequalia. Anthera oblongae. Stylus cum stigmatibus tubo corolla; duplo brevior. 
Capsula sublignosa, apice dehiscens ; loculis polyspermis, columna centrali cras- 
siuscula. — Frutices humiles, ramosissimi. Folia altema, profunde palmatisecta, la- 
ciniis siibalatis rigidis spinescentibus ; alia axillaria, Integra, fasciculata. Flores 
terminates, speciosi, Phlocem simulantes. 



Leptodactylon Californicum; superne pubescens, foliis patentibus, corollae 

tubo exserto. 
Leptodactylon Californicum. Hook, et Am. Bot. of Beech. Voy. v. \. p. 369. 

*. 89. 
Gilia Californica. Benth. in Be Cand. Prodr. v. 9. p. 316. 



This lovely and hardy plant was considered by Dr. Arnott 
and myself to constitute a distinct genus of Pokmoniacea, and 
we named it Leptodactylon, from the deeply-digitated leaves and 
their very narrow segments. Mr. Bentham however considers our 
genus rather to form a section of Gilia, to which he gives our 
name, Leptodactylon, and he adds to the two {L. Californicum 
and Z. Hookerii), which we had referred to it, a thud, from the 
Rocky Mountains, namely, the Cantua punyens of Dr. Torrey 
(Oyoc/iloa Torreyi of Don, in Gard. Diet. vol. 4. p. 246). The 
habit of our plant is more that of a Phlox than of a Gilia. The 
present species is a native of California, as its name implies, 
and was first brought to notice by Douglas. Dr. Coulter also 
found it in the same country, and Mr. William Lobb sent seeds 
of it to Messrs. Veitch from San Bernardino, in South California, 
and has thus been the means of introducing it to our gardens, 
where, both in the Nursery at Exeter and at King's-road, Chelsea, 
it forms a low shrub in the open border, remarkable for the 
slender segments of its copious foliage, and for the size and 
beauty of the corollas. Blossoms in July. 

SEPTEMBER 1ST, 1855. 



Descr. A low procumbent shrub, much branched, the branches 
slender, densely covered with fasciculated foliage. Leaves alter- 
nate, deeply cut in a digitated manner, almost to the very base, 
into from five to seven, subulate, but terete, rigid, hairy seg- 
ments mucronate at their apices. Flowers copious, large, from 
short lateral branches, often so crowded as entirely to conceal the 
leaves and branches, sessile from the axils of the leaves. Calyx 
with long, spreading hairs ; tube cylindrical, with five ribs ; teeth 
subulate, mucronate. Corolla hypocrateriform, rose-coloured ; 
tube slender, longer than the calyx ; limb of five, large, spreading, 
cuneate, sometimes erose lobes. Anthers five, almost sessile, in- 
serted just within the tube of the corolla, oblong. Ovary ovate, 
glabrous, arising from an annular disc. Style as long as the 
ovary. Stigmas three, erect, linear, as long as, or longer than 
the style. 



Pig. 1. Leaf with its axillary fascicle. 2. Calyx. 3. Corolla, the tube laid 
open, showing the stamens. 4. Pistil : — magnified. 



4J7J 







Tab. 4873. 
HELIANTHEMUM Tuberaria, 

Truffle Bock-rose. 



Nat. Ord. Cistacej:. — Polyandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx tripbyllus, bibracteolatus, bracteolis minutis, rarissime ca- 
lycis foliola sequantibus vel nullis. Corolla petala 5, hypogyna, acqualia. Sta- 
mina plurima, hypogyna, omnia fertilia ; jilamenta filiformia, libera ; antherce bi- 
loculares, longitudinaliter dehiscentes. Ovarium uniloculare vel incomplete tri- 
loculare, placentis nerviformibus, parietalibus vel semisepta marginantibus. Omla 
pauca vel plurima, orthotropa, e funiculis plus minus longis adscendentia vol 
pendula. Stylus terminalis, cum ovario articulatus, filiformis vel subclavatus ; 
stigma capitato-trigonum. Capsula chartacea vel subcartilaginea, unilocularis 
vel incomplete trilocularis, loculicide trivalvis, valvarum endocarpio membranaceo, 
medio placentas vel semisepta margine seminifera gerente. Semina plurima vel 
pauca, funiculo libero ad chalazam micropyli e diametro oppositam, inserta. Em r 
bryo intra albumen antitropus, uncinatus vel sigmoideus, cotyledonibus radiculse 
supera, chalazae e diametro oppositse, interposito albumine accumbentibus vel in- 
cumbentibus. — Herbse, suffrutices, vel fruticuli, inEuropa media et regione Medi- 
terranea crescentes ; foliis alternis vel oppositis, stipulatis vel exstipulatis, tri- vel 
penniveniis ; floribus solitariis, umbellatis, racemosis, corymbosis vel paniculatis. 
Endl. 



Helianthemum Tuberaria; perenne, caulibus adscendentibus subsimplicibus, 
foliis radicalibus in petiolum desinentibus ovato-oblongis trinerviis tomen- 
toso-liirsutis canescentibus subtus nervosis supra sulcatis, caulinis sessilibus 
subglabris lanceolatis summis alternis, pedicellis basi bracteatis paucis sub- 
paniculatis, ealycibus glabris nitidis. Be Cand. 

Helianthemum Tuberaria. Mill. Bid. n. 10. Be Cand. Prodr. v. I. p. 270. 

Cistus Tuberaria. Linn. Sp. PI. p. 741. Cav. Ic. v. 1. p. 65. t. 67. 

Tuberaria nostras. Bauh. Hist. v. 2. p. 12. 



A really charming plant, the largest-flowered of all the species 
of Helianthemum, resembling in its blossoms a yellow rose, and 
well adapted for sunny rockwork in a garden. Flowers in July, 
and the blossoms continue long in succession. The species in- 
habits the south of France, Italy, Spain, Portugal, Sicily, and the 
north of Africa. It derives its specific name {Tuberaria) from 
the fact that it is found frequently in ground where Truffles 
more or less abound. Hence it is the " Tuberaria nostras" and 
" Tuberaria major" of Bauhin. 

SEPTEMBER 1st, 1855. 



Descr. Root perennial. Leaves mostly radical, and these are 
spathulate, that is, ovate or oblong, rarely subovate, acute, en- 
tire, hairy and subtomentose (as is every part of the plant), 
three-nerved, tapering below into a long petiole. Flowering- 
stems (they may almost be called scapes) erect, panicled above, 
bearing a few small, sessile, ovate, acute leaves, sometimes op- 
posite. Branches of the panicle bearing one-sided or secund 
racemes. Pedicels bracteated at the base. Flowers very droop- 
ing in bud, erect when fully expanded in the sun. Calyx five- 
sepaled, glabrous. Sepals, two outer small, three inner large, 
broad-ovate, very acute, and very concave. Petals five, bright 
yellow, large, obcordate, spreading, with a dark blood-coloured 
spot at the base. Stamens numerous ; filaments rather short, 
purple ; anthers subglobose, deep yellow, almost orange. Ovary 
globose. Stigma globose, sessile. 



W74 







Tab. 4874. 

SALVIA CARDUACEA. 

Thistle-leaved Sage. 



Nat. Ord. Labiate.— Diandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx ovatus, tubulosus vel campanulatus, bilabiatus, labio supe- 
riore integro vel tridentato, inferiore bifido, fauce intus nuda. Corolla tubo iti- 
cluso vel exserto, ajquali, ventricoso vel ampliato, intus nunc piloso-annulato, 
nunc nudo vel ad basin in latere inferiore processubus vel dentibus 2 instructo ; 
limbo bilabiate, labio superiore erecto vel rarius patente, breviore vel longiore, 
lobis lateralibus oblongis vel rotundatis ; patentibus, reflexis vel contorto-erectis, 
medio plerumque latiore, integro vel emarginato. Staminum superiorum rudi- 
menta nulla, vel parva claviformia ; fertilia (inferiora) 2 prope faucem tubi in- 
serts; filamenta brevia, subhorizontalia vel rarius erecta, apice cum anthera arti- 
culata et supra articulationem plerumque breviter producta, rarissime subconti- 
nua. Anthera dimidiate. Connectiva elongata, liuearia, transverse cum fila- 
mento articulate ; postice sub labio superiore corollas adscendentia et apice locu- 
lum fertilem linearem adnatum vel versatilem ferentem, antice deflexa vel erecta, 
nunc loculum alteram subconformem minorem polliniferum vel difformem cassum 
gerentia, nunc dilatata vel rarius brevissima, acuta, libera, vel seepius varus 
modis inter se connexa vel connata. Ovarii discus antice tumens in glandulam 
lobis suba3qualem. Stylus adscendens, apice bifidus, lobis nunc subulatis ffiqua- 
libus vel superiore longiore, nunc inferiore vel utroque rotundato dilatato coin- 
planato. Nttcula ovoideo-triquetrae, sicca3, glabra, plerumque laevissimfe.— Genus 
vastum, fere in omnibus regionibus terra obvium, habitu et hijlorescentia magnopere 
varium, semper antherarum structura agnoscendum. Be Cand. 



Salvia (§ Echinosphace) carduacea ; caule erecto herbaceo subsimplici albo- 
lauato, foliis petiolatis oblongis pinnatifidis subtus laxe lanatis, lobis ovatis 
sinuato-dentatis, dentibus spinoso-acuminatis, florabbus bracteisque lmbn- 
catis spinosissimis, verticillastris remotis dense multiflons, calycibus inflatis 
lanatis, corolla? tubo subincluso, labii inferioris lobo medio fimbriate. 

Salvia carduacea. Benth. Lab. p. 302. Be Cand, Prodr. v. 12. p. 349. 



One of the most remarkable and easily recognized of the 407 
species of the genus Salvia published by Mr. Bentham in I)e 
Candolle's Prodromus. That gentleman says of it, " Species dis- 
tinctissima, habitu Morina Persica vel Cardni." It is a native 
of California, discovered about the same time by Mr. Douglas 
and Dr. Coulter; and now first introduced to our gardens by 
Messrs. Veitch, of the Exeter and Chelsea Nurseries, through 

SEPTEMBER 1ST, 1855. 



their collector Mr. Lobb. It proves perfectly hardy, and is well 
worthy a place in every garden. The flowers are large, beau- 
tifully fringed, and of a delicate pale-purple colour, with deep 
orange-coloured anthers : these flowers subtended by bracts and 
floral leaves, quite resembling those of the Morina Persica. The 
plant blossoms in July in the Exeter Nursery, whence our plant 
here figured was derived. We have Coulterian and Douglasian 
specimens in our Herbarium from California Proper, and others 
from Los Angelos de Santa Barbara, from Mr. Nuttall, gathered 
by Mr. Gambell. 

Descr. Root fusiform, perennial. Stem one foot to one and 
a half foot high, erect, four-angled and striated, very woolly, 
branching at the base. Leaves all radical, oblong-spathulate, 
petiolate, sinuate, the lobes acute, spinuloso-serrate, cobwebby, 
densely woolly beneath. Flowers terminal, in large, dense 
pseudo-whorls ; the lower pseudo- whorl generally distant from 
the rest. Bracts and fioral-leaves verticillate, spreading, but 
imbricate at the broad sessile base, oblong, acute, sinuato-spi- 
nulose, very woolly. Calyx also with long lax wool, almost an 
inch long, two-lipped ; tipper lip tridentate, lower shorter, bifid j 
all the teeth spinulose. Corolla with the tube as long as the 
calyx, white; limb pale bluish -purple, as long as the tube, bi- 
partite, gaping. Tipper lip oblong, bifid and laciniated, plane 
or with the margins recurved ; lower trifid : lateral lobes small, 
lanceolate, slightly falcate, entire, intermediate one large, flabelli- 
form, deeply fimbriated ; halfway down within the tube of the co- 
rolla is a hairy ring. Stamens with sterile branch short, deflexed 
within the tube ; fertile branch erect, exserted, as long as the 
lower lip. Fertile anther linear, curved, one-celled, hairy. Ovary 
four-lobed, on a gland or receptacle as large as itself. Style 
longer than the corolla. Stigma bifid. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Corolla laid open. 3. Fertile anthers. 4. Pistil :- 
all more or less magnified. 



W76 







Tab. 4875. 
RHODODENDRON Keysii. 

Mr. Keys Rhododendron. 



Nat. Ord. Ericaceae. — Pecandria Monogynia 

Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tar. 4336.) 

Subgcn. Keysia, Nutt. Corolla tubuloso-cylindracea, limbi labia crccto-conni- 
ventibus, rocemis brevibus e ramis vetustis lateralibus. Nutt. 



Rhododendron (§ Keysia) Keysii; rarais ferrugineis resinoso-pmictatis, foliis 
petiolatis elliptico-lanceolatis acutissimis mucronatis glabris, subtus pallidis 
utrinque (subtus prascipue) resinoso-punctatis, racemis aggregates laterali- 
bus ad basin ramulorum novellorum, calyce roinuto e dentibus 5 acutis 
sequalibus erectis, corolla tubulosa(I), limbi lobis 5 erectis ovatis obtusis, 
staminibus 10, filamentis corollas tubum sequantibus iuferne hirsutis, ova rid 
ovato resinoso-punctato, stylo corolla breviore inferne hirsuto, stigmate vix 
dilatato minute 5-lobo. 

Rhododendron Keysii. Nutt. in Hook. Journ. of Bot. v. $.p. 353. 



This very remarkable Rhododendron is one of several new 
species of the genua that rewarded the researches of Mr. Booth 
in the mountains of Bootan,* and has been communicated to us 
by his relative, Mr. Nuttall, from the garden at Mosley Hill, 
Aigburth, Liverpool, the residence of Adam Fairrie, Esq. (Mr. 
P. Williams, gardener), with the name, R. Keysii. The remark- 
able form of the corolla in this species, so unlike that of any in 
the genus, could not however escape the notice of so acute an 
observer as Mr. Nuttall ; and he suggested that it should consti- 
tute a subgenus, under the name of Keysia, characterized by 
the cylindrical corolla having a nearly equal five-lobed connivent 
border. This name we have adopted. Mr. Nuttall further ob- 
serves, that it bears its flowers in short axillary racemes coming 
out of the old wood ; and that in this respect, as in the shape of 

* At an elevation of 9,000 to 10,000 feet above the sea-level; on the summit 
and northern ridges of the, Lablung, forming low thickets, among OattUhenat 
and stunted Yews, above the ranges of R. Ilookeri and />'. Fakoneri, and amid 
snows two and three feet deep. 

OCTOBER 1st, 1855. 



the corolla, it resembles a Thibandia or Ac/apetes. It is indeed 
a very remarkable species. The plant is cultivated under a vine 
in a cool greenhouse, in consequence of which, Mr. Williams ob- 
serves, the flowers (produced in July) are paler than they would 
otherwise have been. The corollas too, let it be remarked, from 
the blossoming having been too far advanced, had mostly fallen 
off before the specimens reached the artist's hands. In Mr. Nut- 
tail's garden it proved quite hardy during 1851 and 1852. 

Descr. Small shrub, with ferruginous branches, the young 
ones densely dotted with resinous, glossy, reddish scales. Leaves 
three to four inches long (on footstalks half to three-quarters of 
an inch long), between elliptical and lanceolate, moderately cori- 
aceous, glabrous, rather obtuse at the base, very acute and mu- 
cronated at the apex, the upper side full green, the under side 
paler ; both sides, but especially beneath, closely sprinkled with 
the same reddish resinous dots as the young branches ; costa 
ferruginous. Veins not very conspicuous. Bacemes clustered, 
lateral, in consequence of the terminal shoot of the season, which 
crowns the flowers : the bracts (if any) had fallen. Pedicels 
dotted. Calyx minute, of five erect, nearly equal, short, acute 
teeth. Corolla an inch long, forming a nearly cylindrical tube, 
only very slightly contracted below the limb, of a pale brick-red 
colour (in the state in which we received them), yellowish at the 
mouth and on the under side. Limb of five, erect or subconni- 
vent, ovate, obtuse lobes. Stamens and pistil included. Fila- 
ments hairy below. Anthers with two large pores. Ovary resi- 
noso-punctate, ovate, five-celled. Style hairy below. Stigma of 
five minute lobes or points. 



Fig. 1. Flower and pedicel. 2. Stamen. 3. Calyx and pistil. 4. Trans- 
verse section of ovary : — magnified. 



+676 




Tab. 4876. 
gilia dianthoides. 

Pink-like Gilia. 



Nat. Ord. Polemoniace^e. — Pentandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx tubuloso- vel obconico-campanulatus, 5-fidus, laciniis acutis. 
Corolla infundibuliformis, nunc tubo longissimo fere hypocraterimorpha, nunc 
tubo brevissirao subrotata, limbo regulari. Stamina ad faucem vel paulo infra 
aequaliter inserta, filamentis basi nudis vel piloso-appendiculatis. Discus cupuli- 
formis, rarius obscurus. Ovarium ovoideum. Ovula in loculis ssepius plurima 
(6-10) biseriata, interdum pauca, imo solitaria, nunc numerosissima 3-4 seriata. 
Styli lobi ssepe papilloso-hispidi. Capsulu oblonga vel obovoidea, obtusa. Se- 
mina ovoidea, angulata vel compressa, rarius angustissime alata.— Herbaj annua 
vel perennes, glabra:, vel superne pubescentes vel lanata;. Folia alterna vel oppo- 
sita, subulata vel linearia, Integra vel dissecta. Flores nunc capitati, bracteis suf- 
fulti vel ebracteati, nunc scepius dissiti ebracteati. Corollse elegantes, lilacina pur- 
purascentes albidce vel rarius Jlavicantes. DC. 



Gilia (§ Dianthoides) dianthoides ; pusilla, simplex vel ramosissima glabra vel 
birsuta, ramis 1-paucifloris, foliia linearibus, floribus pedunculatis, corollse 
lobis acutis serratis. 

Gilia dianthoides. End. Atakt. t. 29. Benth. in De Cand. Prodr. v. 9. p. 314. 

Fenzlia dianthiflora. Benth. in Bot. Reg. (under Tab. 1622, Collomia coccinea). 
Hook. Ic. Plant, v. 2. p. 199. 



This lovely annual, so well suited for a bedding-out plant, is 
a native of California, where it was discovered by Douglas ; but 
is only now introduced to our gardens by the Messrs. Veitch, of 
the Exeter and Chelsea Nurseries, through their collector, Mr. 
William Lobb. Pretty as the species is in its wild state, and 
as figured at Tab. 199 of our 'Icones Plantarum,' cultivation so 
much improves it that at first sight it would be hardly recog- 
nized as the same ; for it becomes, from a little upright, scarcely 
branched plant, with two or three flowers, a closely ramified and 
spreading one, the filiform branches and small linear leaves com- 
pletely covered and concealed by the numerous blossoms, of the 
most delicate lilac colour, each having five dark blood-coloured 

OCTOBER 1st, 1355. 



spots surrounding an orange-coloured eye in the centre. The 
species blooms during the summer months, continuing long in 
flower if sufficiently supplied with moisture. 

Descr. Root annual, fibrous, slender. Stem two to five or 
six inches long, slender, filiform, glabrous, or with spreading 
hairs, erect and nearly simple, or spreading more or less, often 
very much and dichotomously branched ; in the latter case 
many-flowered. Leaves opposite, connate at the base, in dis- 
tant pairs, narrow, linear, hairy, and ciliate in the lower half. 
Peduncles short, erect, slender, hairy, terminal and axillary, so- 
litary, single-flowered. Flowers erect. Calyx of five linear seg- 
ments, which are unequal in length, hairy on the back : the tu- 
bular portion is membranous between the segments. Corolla 
rotate, large in proportion to the size of the plant ; tube short : 
limb of five, obovate, acute, spreading lobes, of a delicate lilac 
colour, sharply dentato-serrate at the margin : at the base of 
each segment is a dark, blood-coloured spot ; and the mouth of 
the tube is orange-yellow. Stamens five, equal, inserted near 
the base of the tube : filaments slender, subulate. Anthers oval, 
orange-coloured. Ovary ovate. Style a little longer than the 
tube. Stigmas three, linear. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Calyx and pistil. 3. Ovary. 4. The same cut through 
transversely. 5. Leaves: — magnified. 



WT 




* Jiroaks 



Tab. 4877. 
rheum acuminatum. 

Sharp-leaved Sikkim Rhubarb. 



Nat. Ord. Polygone^e. — Enneandria Trigynia. 

Gen. Char. Periantltium 6-partitum, persistens. Stamina 9, perigonii foliolis 
exterioribus geminatiro, interioribus singillatim opposita. Stigmata 2-3. Cary- 
opsis late alato-triquetra, basi perigonio emarcido stipata. — Herbse perennes Asia- 
tics, folds amplis, floribus paniculatis v. spicato-racemosis. 



Rheum acuminatum. ; tripedale, ramosum, puberulum, folds late cordatis acurai- 
natis, petiolis ramisque paniculse sulcatis granulatis, paidcula coniposita 
rarais strictis erectis, floribus (pro genere) majusculis, perianthii segmentis 
subBequalibus late oblongis. 

Rheum acuminatum. Hook. fit. et Thorns. MSS. 



The subject of this Plate, which is the common Rhubarb of 
the Sikkim Himalaya, so closely resembles in most respects the 
well-known R. Emodi, Wall. (R. australe, Don, see our Tab. 3508) 
that we long hesitated about the propriety of describing it as a 
different species ; after however having seen both cultivated for six 
years in the Royal Gardens at Kcw, we tind no tendency in the 
present to assume either the stature or the better-marked bota- 
nical characters of R. Emodi ; and as the cultivated specimens 
further retain all the distinctive features of the wild ones, which 
were gathered in several distant localities, there can be little 
doubt but that the two are permanently distinct. The pro- 
minent characters of R. acuminatum are, its small stature and 
slender habit, never exceeding a yard in height ; its relatively 
much broader leaves, which terminate in a long acuminate point ; 
its flowers being three or four times the size of those of R. 
Emodi, and the segments of the perianth nearly equal, broader, 
and more rounded. It inhabits rocky places, often amongst 
brushwood in the subalpine and alpine regions of the Himalaya 
of Sikkim and East Nepal, at elevations of 0-13,000 feet ; the 
stems are pleasantly acid, and, though more dry and stringy 
than those of R. Emodi, may be used for tarts; the root is 
spongy, and but slightly, if at all, medicinal. 

">CT013EIi 1st, 1855. 



With regard to the true B. Emodi, Wall., which is the B. 
austral e of Don, it appears hitherto to have been found by Dr. 
Wallich's collectors only and in Nepal; and, as Royle has pointed 
out, Wallich's specimens of it preserved in the Linnean Herba- 
rium are mixed with another species, B. Webbianum, Royle. 
The latter has since been collected in Kuinaon (and in the 
Tibetan province of Gugi, north of Kumaon) by Messrs. Strachey 
and Winterbottom, in whose herbarium it is distributed under 
the name of B. Emodi. It is a specimen of this latter that 
Meisner has further described as B. Emodi in Wallich's ' Plantse 
Asiatics Rariores ' (vol. iii. p. 65) ; and it was probably this also 
that Wallich intended should bear that name, as it yields a far 
better drug than the plant of which he sent home seeds, and 
which has ever since been cultivated as B. Emodi, Wall., or B. 
australe, Don. 

Descr. Boot a slender tap, sometimes several feet long, bright 
orange within, spongy, and smelling slightly of medicinal Rhu- 
barb. Stem two to three feet high, sparingly branched, more 
or less deeply red-purple or vinous, strongly grooved, covered, as 
well as the petioles, panicles, peduncles, and pedicels, with minute, 
granular, crystalline points. Stipules rather large, lanceolate, 
acuminate. Petioles slender. Leaves a span long, broadly cor- 
date, deeply bilobed at the base, with long, acuminate points, 
pubescent below, opaque above, covered with minute crystalline 
cells. Panicle sparingly branched ; branches slender, rigid, bear- 
ing small ovate leaves at the axils of the main divisions. Pedicels 
very slender. Flowers upwards of a quarter of an inch across, 
deep lurid red-purple, or brown-purple. Lobes of the perianth 
nearly equal in size, rounded. Fruit as in B. Emodi, Wall. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Pistil. 3. Fruit -.—inagnifieA. 



Tab. 4878. 
ODONTOGLOSSUM maculatum. 

Spotted Odontoglossum. 

Nat. Ord. OkchidacejE — Gynandria Monandkia. 

Gen. Char. PeriantMum explanatum, sequale; sepalis petalisque angustis aeu- 
minatis liberis. Labellum indivisum, ecalcaratum, unguiculatum : unguc ram 
basi columnar continuo ; lamina patente basi cristata. Cohtmna erecta, mcm- 
bvanaceo-marginata, apice utrinque alata. Anthem biloculans. ***** *• 
solida, 'caudicula lineari, glandula hamata.— Herbae epiphytes, pseudobulbijera. 
Folia plicata. Scapus terminate, vagkuUm. Florcs speciosi. Lindl. 



Odontoglossum maculatum ; pseudobulbis oblongis corapressis monopbylbs, 
foliis oblongis nervosis acutiusculis, racemis pendnlis multiflons brevionbus, 
bracteis navicularibus herbaceis ovario brevionbus, sepalis lmean-lanccolatis 
acuminatis discoloribus, petalis oblongis undulatis acuminata, labcllo eor- 
dato acuminato subcrenato, appendiee unguis bivalvi concava cochlear! apice 
producta einarginata per medium argute serrulate, columna pubescente. 
Lindl. 

Odontoglossum maculatum. Lindl. Bot. Reg. v. 26 (1840). t. 30. 



From the Orchideous house at Kew, where it bears its long 
pendent spike of lovely flowers in August. It is a native ot 
Mexico, Imported thence by Count Karwinski, who has the credit 
of its discovery. Dr. Lindley notices its affinity with the Odm- 
toghmum Cervantesii of La Llave, and 0. cordatum of the Moral 
Cabinet,' but pronounces it to be truly distinct. 

Descr. The specific character above given suffices or its dis- 
tinction from other species. The pseudobulbs are rather small, 
clustered, oblong, compressed, green, and subtended by herba- 
ceous scales. Leaf solitary, terminal on the bulb, oblong, lan- 
ceolate, one-nerved, acute, subcoriaceous. Scape elongated, torn 
the base of the pseudo-bulbs, bracteated. Spike pendent six- to 
eight-flowered. Flowers large, very handsome Calyx ol three 
lanceolate, spreading, much acuminated sepals deep yellow 
blotched with rich brown, uppermost sepal the largest and 



OCTOBER 1ST, 1855. 



longest. Petals spreading, of the same shape, but broader and 
shorter, more regularly spotted. Lip large, spreading, white, 
with reddish blotches. Column downy. 



Fig. 1. Column and base of the lip. 2. Pollen-masses : — magnified. 




- 






Tab. 4879. 
CAMPANULA primul^eflora. 

Primrose-leaved Bell-flower. 



Nat. Ord. Campanulace^i. — Pentandria Monogynia 

Gen. Char. Calyx 5-fidus. Corolla apice 5-loba vel 5-fida, ssepius campanu- 
la. Stamina 5, libera ;filamenUs basi latis et membranaceis. Stylus in prffiflora- 
tione pilis collectoribus (excepta ima basi) tectus. Stigmata 3 vel 5, filiforroia. 
Capsitla 3-5-locularis, valvis 3-5 lateraliter dehiscens. Semina ovnta, compla- 
nata vel ovoidea. — Herbse s<zpiu$ perennes, nunc Jimmies et kumifusa, mine 2-3- 
pedales, erects, multiflorce, foliis radicalibus satpius forma diversis, floribus termi- 
nalibus vel amllaribtts. Omnes in hemisplmrio boreali. DC. 



Campanula (•§ Eucodon) primulajlora ; caule hispido simplici erecto, foliis pi- 
losis inaequaliter duplicato-crenatis, radicalibus oblongo-lanceolatis obtusius- 
culis petiolo marginato, caulinis ovato-oblongis acutis, floribus spieato- 
racemosis axillaribus tends vel singulis, tubo calycis obconico piloso, lobis 
acuminatis basi latis denticulatis corolla campanulata rotata duplo breviori- 
bus. DC. 

Campanula primulasfolia. Bot. Fl. Lusit. p. 288. Phytogr. v. 1. t. 20. Be 

Cand. Prod. v. I.p. 478. 
Campanula peregrina. Hbffm. et Link, Fl. Port. v. 2. p. 15. t. 83 (not Linn.). 



The volume of De Candolle's ' Prodromus/ published in 1839, 
contains 182 species of Campanula, and fifty-five species are 
added since that period, and are included in Walpers' ' Reper- 
torimn ' and ' Annales.' Many of them are probably of doubtful 
specific value. Happily the present one is well marked, and has 
been both well defined and well figured in two continental pub- 
lications, though mistaken for another species in that of Link 
and HofTmannsegg : and it is one that deserves to be better 
known in this country than it is, for it is eminently handsome 
and quite hardy, and may be made a great ornament to our 
flower-borders. It is a native of Portugal,* growing in moist 
rocks and shady places of the Algarves and Beira, and near 
Coimbra, above Punliete and about Monchica : probably a rare 

* The native country of this is, by some accident, omitted in Dc Candolle's 
c Prodromus.' 

OCTOBER 1st, 1855. 



species. It flowers with us in July and August. Its nearest 
affinity is with C. peregrina (Bot. Mag. t. 1257), from which it 
differs essentially in its perennial root, angular, hispid stem, in 
the different form and hairiness of the leaves, and in the absence 
of the dark, almost black ring in the inner base of the corolla. 

Descr. Boot perennial. Stem annual, erect, two to three feet 
high, branching only at the base (hence the plant takes a pyra- 
midal figure), angular, succulent, the angles winged and hispid. 
Leaves oblong or broad, lanceolate, alternate, spreading, reticu- 
lately veined, unequally crenato-serrated and hairy, or hispid, 
chiefly on the veins beneath, sessile, on the radical ones only 
tapering into a winged, short petiole. Flowers solitary, or three 
or four from the axils of leaves, which gradually become smaller 
and bracteiform upwards. Peduncles short, single-flowered, his- 
pid. Calyx-tube hemispherical, angled, hispid: limb of five 
spreading, lanceolate-subulate, sometimes serrated, ciliated seg- 
ments, shorter than the tube of the corolla. Corolla large, 
handsome, glabrous, purple-blue, pale at the base within : tube 
short, broad, campanulate, spreading at the mouth : limb of five 
broad-ovate, rather acute, spreading lobes. Filaments with a 
very broad, dilated base, completely covering the top of the 
ovary : anthers linear. Style short : stigmas three, large, linear- 
oblong, spreading. 



Kg. 1. Pistil and stamens : — magnified. 



880 










Tab. 4880, 
CLERODENDRON fcetidum. 

Fetid Clerodendron. 



Nat. Ord. Verbenace^. — Didynamia Angiospekmia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx campanulatus, rarius tubulosus, interdum pentagonus el 
subinflatus, 5-ndus vel 5-dentatus, rarissime truncatus. Corolla infundibuliformis 
vel subhypocraterimorplia, tubo ssepissime calycem conspicue excedente interdum 
longissimo, limbo 5-partito laciniis superioribus paulo magis approximate sub- 
ina>quali vel laciniis inferioribus magis minusve adscendentibus obliquo immo 
subsecundo. Stamina 4, corollfe tubo inserta, longe exserta, subdidynama ; 
antlieree supra basin insertae, basi fissas, biloculares, loculis parallelis rima longi- 
tudinali dehiscentibus. Ovarium 4-loculare, loculis uniovulatis, ovulo m spermo- 
phoro angulo centrali adnato pcndulo. Stylus filiformis, exsertus, stigmate bifido 
acuto. Brupa calyci ampliato insidens vel inclusa, baccata vel carnosa, quadri- 
vel stepius abortu mono-di-tripyrena, ssepius 2-4-loba, pyrenis matuntate dis- 
tinetis unilocularibus, putamine lignoso lsevi. Semen solitarium, erectum. Coty- 
ledones oleosa?, applicita;, radicula brevis infera.— Frutices vel arbores inter 
tropicosveteris orbis, imprimis vero Asia, copiose, in America vero parce crescentes. 
Folia opposita vel terna, simplicia, integra vel rarius lobata, phyllopodio interdum 
prominenti persistenti insidentia. Cymae trichotomm vel axillares vel m pamculam 
terminalem collecta. DC. 



Cleeodendeon fcetidum ; foliis late cordatis pubescenti-pilosis grosse acuteque 
dentatis subtus ad nervorum axillis glandulosis, corymbis dense capitatis 
terminalibus, tubo corolla; longissimo calycem quintuplo excedente, limbo 
4-5-partito. 

Cleeodendeon fcetidum. Bimge, Mem. des Savans Etrang. de St. Petersb. v. 2. 
p. 126. Walp. Repert. Bot. v. 2. p. 126. 

Cleeodendeon Bungei. Steud. Nomencl. Bot. ed. 2. p. 382. 



A charming species of Clerodendron of northern China, first 
detected and described by Bunge, and more recently introduced 
to cultivation in our gardens by Mr. Fortune. We owe the pos- 
session of our plant to Messrs. Standish and Noble, and we have 
hitherto treated it as a greenhouse plant ; but Messrs. Masters 
and Sons, of the Exotic Nursery, Canterbury, announce m the 
' Gardeners' Chronicle' (1S54), that it stood out unhanned in the 
open air for six winters, till the winter of IS 53-1 8 54, but that 
in May of that year a sucker was protruded a foot from the 
ground, which attained a height of between three and four feet 

OCTOBEE 1st, 1855. 



before the autumn. It flowers in August, and the flowers were 
rather fragrant than fetid. 

Descr. Our plant forms a small handsome bushy shrub, with 
upright downy branches, the younger ones, especially, beset with 
short rigid aculei, partially concealed in the tomentum. Leaves 
(on slender petioles, two to three inches long, channelled above), 
opposite, large in proportion to the size of the plant, five to seven 
inches long, broad, cordate, veined and reticulated, much acu- 
minated, downy on both sides, the margin (except at the acu- 
mination) coarsely dentato-serrate. Corymbs large, terminal, 
compound, hemispherical, their branches and pedicels downy. 
Flowers very numerous, compact. Calyx-tube oval-cylindrical, 
downy ; limb of five erect or slightly incurved acute teeth. Co- 
rolla infundibuliform, with the tube very long and slender, twice 
as long as the limb is broad, and three or four times longer than 
the calyx including the limb : corolline limb spreading horizon- 
tally, deep bright lilac, cut nearly to the base with five obovate 
lobes. Stamens four, much exserted : filaments slender, filiform, 
two a little shorter than the other two : anthers dark purple, ob- 
long, versatile. Ovary globose : style slender, filiform, glabrous, 
longer than the corolline tube, but shorter than the filaments : 
stigma slightly clavate, bifid. 



Fig 1. Flower. 2. Pistil, 



„M/ 




Tab. 4881, 

PHYGELIUS Capensis. 

Cape Phygelius. 



Nat. Ord. Scrophulabiace^. — Didyxamia Gymn 



OSPERMIA. 



Gen. Char. Calyx 5-partitus. Corolla; tubus elongatus, incurvus, limbi valdo 
obliqui lacinns rotundatis. Stamina deelinata, exserta, quinti rudimentum ad 
basin corollfe minimum. Antherarum locnll paralleli, apiee vix confiuentes. Cap- 
sula valde obliqua, loculo postico multo majore, apice tardiua septioide dehiscens, 
vaJvuhs integns ? vel irregulariter disruptis ? Semina ovoidea, aubangulata ; fata 
crassiuscola, spongiosa.— Genus Auslro-Africanum, foliis Scropkutaria, mnores- 
centia et flonbus Fentstemonl affine. Benth. 



Phygelius Capensis. 

Phygelius Capensis. E. Mey. M8S. Benth. in Comp. to Bot. Mag. v. 2. p 53. 
Fielding, Serf, riant, t. 66, 67. Benth. in Be Card. Prodr. v. 10. /;. 300. 



W r 11S beautiful P lant ' on] y recently discovered in Caffrcland, at 
YVitbergen, on the sides of streams, by Drege, has very little the 
habit of a plant of those regions, but reminds. one singularly of 
the Pentstemons of North America. It was named Phygelius by 
Ernest Meyer, probably from <pvyr), fir/Id, s/iNNning, ox escheici/n/ ; 
in consequence of its having so long' escaped the researches' of 
bota n i s t Si Our noble flowering specimen was sent by Messrs. 
Veitch, of the Exeter and Chelsea Nurseries, where it came to 
great perfection in the open border in the summer months, and 
promises to ripen seed : if it does, the plant will prove a great 
acquisition to our gardens. It will, too, in all probability, in- 
crease by cuttings, for the lower part of the plant at least is 
perennial and shrubby : but it may require a greenhouse to pro- 
tect it in the winter. The Witbergen is, we believe, however, a 
very elevated mountain ; though we know not the height of the 
locality of this plant above the level of the sea,— probably suffi- 
ciently to justify- an opinion of its being perfectly hardy. 

Descr. Plant two to three feet high, including its panicle, 

erect, below shrubby, above herbaceous, branched, everywhere 

glabrous ; branches four-sided, angles winged. Leaves opposite, 

tlie lower ones moderately large, four to five inches long (ex- 

noveajuer 1st, 1855. 



elusive of the petiole, which is two or two and a half inches long, 
deeply channelled above, and auricled at the base on each side), 
ovate, scarcely acuminate, serrated, penniyeined, and reticulated 
with transverse veins. The leaves gradually become smaller up- 
wards. Panicle pyramidal ; rachis four-angled, winged ; branches 
corymboso-racemose ; pedicels curved downwards, with all the 
flowers secund and drooping. Calyx with the tube short, cup- 
shaped, obtuse at the setting on of the pedicel : limb of five, 
spreading, ovato-acuminate, spreading segments. Corolla tubu- 
lar, funnel-shaped : the tube very long, curved, the base dilated 
and inflated : limb very oblique, of five, spreading, ovate seg- 
ments : the colour is fine deep red, yellow at the base of the 
limb. Stamens four, exserted, didynamous ; filaments inserted a 
little below the mouth of the corolla, but their base is decurrent 
within the tube : anthers oval, erect, free. Ovary ovate. Style 
longer than corolla and stamens. Stigma obtuse. 



Figs. 1, 2. Portion of stem and leaves:— nat. size. 3. Corolla laid open. 
4. Anther. 5. Pistil. 6. Transverse section of ovary -.—magnified. 



W8Z 




T&ieent B 



Tab. 4882. 

sobralia fragrans. 

Fragrant Sobralia. 



Nat. Ord. Orciiidace.e. — Gynandria Monandria. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4632.) 



Sobralia fragrant; humilis, glaberrima, caule pedunculoque ancipitibus, spatha 
bi flora carinata diphylla herbacea nunc foliacea, floribus parvisparum apertis, 
labelli lobo medio cuneato bilobo laccro lateralibus obsoletis iutegerrnms 
venis 9 lacero-cristatis. Lindl. 

Sobralia fragrans. Lindl. in Gard. Citron. 1853. p. 598. no. 5. Fol. Orchid. 
Fart 5. n. 12. 



A very pretty, fragrant, small Sobralia, native of New Granada, 
in the province of Ocafia, where it appears to have been disco- 
vered by Schlini, and is probably introduced to our English 
stoves by way of Belgium. Dr. Lindley describes it from speci- 
mens sent by Linden, and from the living plant in the collection 
of R. Hanbury, Esq. We are indebted for the individuals here 
figured to Messrs. Henderson, of St. John's Wood. They differ 
a little from Dr. Lindley's description, in having the sepals and 
petals of the same uniform pale sulphur-colour (not the sepals 
dull purplish-green), and in the flowers not being in pairs, but 
solitary, perhaps from want of vigour in our plant. 

Descr. Terrestrial. The stems are about a foot high, clustered, 
several from one root, compressed, the lower half sheathed with 
the base of the lower leaf, and with several scales near the root. 
Leaves one to two, oblong-lanceolate, four to five inches long, 
rather fleshy, glabrous (as is every part of the plant), longitudi- 
nally nerved, the nerves prominent beneath. Peduncle terminal, 
long, compressed or ancipitate, bearing at the end two or three 
lanceolate, more or less leafy, carinate, green bracteas, the outer 
two to three inches long : from within these the power emerges, 
small for the genus, two inches long, fragrant, pale sulphur- 
yellow, a little inclining to green. The flower is moderately ex- 
panded. Sepals spreading, oblong-lanceolate : petals of the same 



NOVEMBER 1ST, 1855. 



shape, but closing over the column. Lip moderately large, ob- 
ovate or cuneate, the side lobes obsoletely, confined to the invo- 
lute lower margin; middle lobe large, spreading, beautifully 
crisped and fimbriated; the disc has a deep tinge of yellow. 
Throughout the whole length of the lip run nine elevated lines 
or lamellae, which are delicately fringed towards the apex of the 
lip. Column semiterete, club-shaped : the anther sunk into a 
cavity (clinandrium) at the extremity. 



Fig. 1. Lip. 2. Column. 3. Pollen-masses : — magnified. 



Tab. 4883. 
BILLBERGIA rhodocyane, 
Blue and red Billbergia. 



Nat. Ord. Bromeliace^e. — Hexandiu.y Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Fide supra, Tab. 4756.) 



Billbergia rhodocyanea; foliis erecto-patulis exterioribus recurvatis omnibus 
rigidis ling^ulatis basi dilatato-amplexantibus canaliculars spinis nigris mar- 
ginatis minute striolatis glauco-viridibus transversim albo-fasciatis apice 
spinoso-apiculatis, scapo foliis breviore, thyrsoque capitato multibracteatis, 
bracteis lanceolato-acuminatis spinoso-serratis omnibus roscis subfurfura- 
ceis, alabasfcris roseis, floribus albis apice purpureo-cseruleis. 

Billbergia rhodocyanea. Lemaire in Van Houite, F/or. der Gewchshsr. v. 3. p. 
207. Walp. Ann. Bot. v. 1. p. 838. 



Received at the Royal Gardens of Kew from Belgium under 
the above objectionable name — a compound of Greek and Latin. 
We find no locality given. South America abounds in beautiful 
plants of this and of allied genera, which are eminently worthy 
a place in our stoves, and which are neglected by the herbalist 
because they are so troublesome to dry. The present species has 
its dark-green leaves elegantly banded with interrupted lines 
of white ; the bracts rose-colour, the rather large corollas white 
tipped with blue. 

Descr. Plants tufted. Leaves radical, outer a foot or a foot 
and a half long, reflexed, inner gradually shorter and more up- 
right, all ligulate, obtuse, with an acuminated mucro, the sides 
incurved, so that the leaf is channelled and almost semicylindrical, 
the colour externally dark green, occasionally tinged with dull 
purple, banded transversely with slightly wavy interrupted white 
lines, the apex is free from these bands, upper or inside of the 
leaves uniform yellow-green ; the margin is beset with very sharp, 
slightly curved, black spinules or prickles, all pointing upwards. 
Scape shorter than the leaves, and almost entirely concealed by 

NOVEMBER 1ST, 1855. 



them, bracteated, bracteas lanceolate, very much acuminated, 
rose-coloured, farinose, spinuloso-serrated at the margin. Flowers 
arranged in a capitate thyrsus, clothed with numerous imbricating 
rose-coloured bracteas, resembling those of the scape, concealing 
the flowers till they are nearly expanded. Calyx-tube oval, in- 
corporated with the ovary, yellowish, downy ; limb of three, rose- 
coloured, erect, ovate, downy, blunt segments. Corolla of three, 
linear-oblong or spathulate, erect, slightly convolute, very obtuse ; 
petals rose-colour in bud, when perfect white, gradually passing 
into blue at the tips, the margin here and there with a subulate 
slender tooth. Scales at the base of the petals oblong, fringed 
at the apex. Stamens shorter than the petals. Anthers linear, 
acute. Style a little shorter than the stamens : stigma trifid, seg- 
ments cuneate. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Petal, stamens, and scales. 3. Pistil: — magnified. 



iScU- 




Tab. 4884. 
salvia asperata. 

Rough-leaved Sage. 



Nat. Orel. Labiate — Diandtiia Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. (Fide supra, Tab. 4874.) 



Salvia asperata ; caule herbaceo-glanduloso pubescente et pdoso, folus petiolatis 
late subcordato-ovatis breviter acuniinatis eroso-crenatis ramosissimis villo- 
sis subtus vix canescentibus flovalibus latis acuminatis herbaceia plensquc 
calyces supcrantibus, racemis subramosis, verticillastns distantibus 6-10- 
fioris, calycis campanulati hispido-ciliati labio superiore subtridentato dente 
supremo minimo ca3teris rectis yel subincurvis spinuloso-acuminatis, corollac 
tubo calycem fequantc galea falcata compressa. 

Salvia asperata. Falconer, MSS. Benth. in Be Cand. Prodr. v. 12. p. 282. 



Drawn from a plant that flowered in the open border of the 
Royal Gardens of Kew in the summer of 1855. The seeds were 
sent from Cashmere to Isaac Anderson,* Esq., of Maryneld, 
Edinburgh, to whom we are indebted for the specimen here 
figured. We know it to be identical with the A asperata of 
Falconer, in De Cand. Prodr. I.e.; but we are almost disposed 
to consider it a variety of 8. Mama, to which 8. ^nmanaKer, 
Bot. Beg. t. 1003, and S. bracteata, Sims, Bot. Mag. t. 2320 
should be referred. Mr. Bentham farther notices the affinity of 
this species with 8. Thgitana and S. Palestine, " sed imprimis 
foliorum forma differt." . , r t 

Descr. Our plant grows to the height of about two feet and 
is more or less branched from near the root, Stem erect and (as 
well as the four-sided branches) hairy, the hairs mixed with glan- 

* We have committed an unintentional error in saying at our -Tab 4874 that 
the Californian Salvia carduacea blossomed in and ™> derived ifromthe Exete, 
and Chelsea Nurseries. It was indeed communicated to us by Jfan Veiteh 
and alone with other Californian plants from thence; but it was accidentally 

omitted to be stated that it was t^^*S^Jtfe 

above mentioned, Isaac Anderson, Esq., ot Aianneia, **u , 

gentleman obligingly communicated to us through Messrs. ^ «1 ow 

inform us. We are very glad to have the opportunity of correct,,,, this error. 

NOVEMBER 1ST, 1855. 



dular pubescence. Leaves (the lower ones on long petioles), the 
upper ones sessile, ovate or ovato-oblong, cordate at the base, 
subacute, coarsely and duplicately dentato-serrate, villous, the 
surface wrinkled and asperate, with raised areola? of the reticu- 
lated veins, paler, and somewhat downy beneath. Floral spikes 
very long. Whorls of from six to eight nearly sessile fowers; 
each whorl subtended by a pair of opposite, sessile, large, broad- 
ovate sharply acuminated, spreading or reflexed, striated, sub- 
membranaceous bracts, pale-green, with streaks of greenish- white 
Calyx campanulate, nearly as long as the tube of the corolla 
hispid, two-lipped : upper lip of three, sharp, spinulose teeth, 
ot which the intermediate one is the shortest ; lower one two- 
toothed. Corolla greenish-white : tube curved, cylindrical, one- 
third the length of the limb : limb two-lipped : upper lip longer 
than the lower one, oblong, falcate, compressed, pubescent, and 
hispid; lower lip three-lobcd, intermediate lobe sarcate, hairy 
externally. Stamens included. Ovary four-lobed, seated on a 
large fleshy disc. Style very long, but included with the com- 
pressed, upper hp : stigma of two, unequal, subulate segments, 
a little exserted. 8 



Fig'. 1. Corolla. 2. Pistil :— magnified: 



43SS 




Tab. 4885. 
STANHOPE A ecornuta. 

Hornless Stanhopea. 



Nat. Orel. ORCIIIDACEyE. — Gynandria Moxandria. 

Gen. Char. PeriantJrium membranaceum, patentissiraum vcl reflexum. Sepaia 
libera, subundulata, mole sua rueutia. Petala conformia, angustiora. Lahrllum 
liberum anticum; dimidio superiore (epichilio) convexo, inferiore (liypochilio) 
excavate Columna longissima, petaloideo-marginata. Aathera bilocularis. 

Pollinia 2, elongata, fissa, caudicula quam glandula biloba stipitata brcviore. — 
Epiphyta pseudobulbosa. Folia plicata. Scapi radicales, vag'utati, paucijlori. 
Flores maximi, magis minusve maculati. Lindl. 



Stanhopea ecornuta ;; scapo brevi pendulo, bracteis ovario brevioribus, scpalis 
petalisque minoribus ovatis obtusis carnosis concavis, lnbello calceiformi ob- 
tusissimo ecornuto margine antico tuberculato, columna brevissima carnosa 
sinuato-lobata. Lindl. 

Stanhopea ecornuta. Lemaire, in Flore des'Serres, p. 181, Dec. 184-6. Paxton, 
Flow. Bard. Gleanings, no. 54. ic. 20. Reich, jil. Boi. Zeit. X. 1862, p. 836. 
Lindl. Fol. Orchid. Part 1. p. 8. 

Stanhopeastrtjm ecornutura. Reich, fil. in Mohl et Schlecht. Bot. Zeit. X. 
1852, p. 927- Xenia Orchid, tab. 43. 



From the collection of Mr. Loddiges, at Hackney, who received 
it from Central America. I am indebted to Dr. Lindley for the 
following remarks, which are of more value than the most ela- 
borate description, on this curious Orchid : — 

"This plant was first published by Professor Lemaire in the 
' Flore des Serres,' of December, 1846; and from that work it 
was taken up in my ' Folia Orchidacea' (October, 1852), with 
the suggestion that it might be ' a monster of some kind ; for in- 
stance, of jS. tricornis: Immediately afterwards Professor Reich- 
enbach, jun., announced (B. Zeit. Dec. 24, 1852) that he had ex- 
amined it, and ascertained that it was no monster, but a new 
genus, Stanhopcastmm, ' uniting Peristeriacea and Stanhopeace*.' 
This opinion my learned friend still entertains. When I ven- 
tured to suggest the possibility of the plant being a monster, T 
had not seen it. Now that a living specimen has been under 

NOVEMBER 1 ST, 1855. 



my observation, I entertain much the same opinion as before. 
It is true that the separation of epichil, mesochil, and hypochil, 
so remarkable in Stanhopea, does not occur in this plant ; that 
there is an elevated table in the middle of the hollow of the lip ; 
and the column, instead of being long and winged, is short, 
fleshy, and wingless. But, on the other hand, the habit of the 
plant is so exactly that of StanJwpea, that Mr. Loddiges, from 
whom the specimen which furnished the drawing was received, 
always supposed it to be 8. grandijlora. Nor does its mode of 
flowering present any the smallest difference from Stanhopea 
birrhata, a plant from nearly the same country. That same 
species has also a wingless, short, fleshy column ; its epichil is 
equally undivided, the mesochil is scarcely distinguishable, and 
the hypochil has a pair of fleshy horns, which answer to the la- 
teral tumours in the lip of the species before us. With regard 
to the elevated table in the middle of the lip, upon which the 
claim of Stanhopeastrum to be a genus must chiefly rest, I would 
point to the great tabular mesochil of 8. grandijlora and qua- 
dricomis as indicating a tendency towards the same structure. 
Upon the whole, after weighing all the evidence that is attain- 
able with regard to this question, that which I originally ha- 
zarded as a conjecture has become a conviction, and I entertain 
no doubt that we shall eventually discover proof that Stanhopea 
ecomuta is a mere form of some such plant as S. cirr/iata." 
Llndl. 

It is only justice to the learned Professor Reichenbach, jun., 
to say that, since the above was communicated to us, he aban- 
dons the views he held on the subject of the generic distinction 
of this plant, and entirely agrees with those of Dr. Lindley. 



t Fig. 1. Column and lip. 2. Front view of the lip. 3. Front view of the 
column. 4. Pollen-masses : — all more or less magnified. 



4SS6 




Tab. 4886. 

DENDROBIUM MacCarthli;. 

Mrs. MacCartliy s Dendrobium. 



Nat. Orel. Orchide^e — Gynandria Monandria. 
Gen. Char. (Fide supra, Tab. 4755.) 



Dendrobium MacCarthia ; caulibus pendulis flagelliformibus teretibus striatis 
versus apicern foliosis, nodis parce tumidis, racemis axillaribus 4-5-floris, 
floribus magnis dilute purpureis, sepalis lanceolatis acutis petala multo latiora 
ovato-lanceolata longitudine fere sequantibus, labello subtrilobato vel sub- 
trapeziformi apice rotundato retuso, foliis lanceolatis. 



This beautiful species of Dendrobium, which appears hitherto 
to have escaped the observation of botanists in Ceylon, occurs 
sparingly, pendent from the trunks of large trees, in the forests 
about Ratuapoora and towards Galle, where it seemed to be 
pretty generally known to the natives under the name of " Wis- 
Bak-mal" the meaning of which is " Rainy-month flower," or 
" May-flower." 

With this charming plant, which is certainly the most beau- 
tiful of the Ceylon Orckidacea, I wish to be associated the name 
of my excellent friend Mrs. MacCartliy, the accomplished hi.lv 
of the Honourable C. J. MacCartliy, Esq., Colonial Secretary of 
the island, to whose kindness and regard for science I have been 
indebted for many facilities in pursuing my investigations. 

Descr. Stems simple, one and a half to two feet long, of 
about the thickness of a goose-quill, striated, slightly swollen at 
the joints ; internodes one to one and a half inch long. Leaves 
few at the upper part of the stem, lanceolate, two and a half to 
three inches long and from three-quarters to one inch wide. Ra- 
cemes one to three, each one in the axil of a leaf, four- or five- 
flowered ; peduncles with several sheathing bracts at the base ; 
pedicels whitish, about one and a quarter inch long. Flowers hand- 
some, nearly three inches long and three and a half inches wide, 
flattened vertically, pale purple. Sepals narrow-lanceolate, nearly 
equalling in length the much wider oblong-lanceolate petals ; 

DECEMBER IsT, 1855. 



lip of the same length as the petals, somewhat trapeziform, 
rounded at the apex, retuse, scarcely three-lobed, somewhat cari- 
nated above, white, with numerous small purple spots on the 
throat, a large dark purple blotch on the disc, and the apex 
broadly margined with paler purple, with about seven dark 
purple longitudinal streaks. Column white, slightly tinged with 
purple, subquadrate, with two truncated erect or slightly reflexed 
horns, between which is situated the helmet-shaped, purplish 
anther-cell; the four narrow yellow pollen-masses cohere into an 



oblong mass 



Kg. 1. Column and anther-case : — magnified. 



Tab. 4887. 
DELPHINIUM CARDINALE. 

Scarlet-Cowered Larkspur. 



Nat. Ord. Ranunculaceje. — Polyandria Trigynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx deciduus, petaloideus, irregularis, sepalo nempe superiore in 
calcar deorsum producto. Petala 4 ; 2 superiora basi in appendicibus intra 
calcar contentis producta. Be Cand. 



Delphinium cardinale ; glabra elata, foliis (ratione plantae) amplis Longe pctio- 
latis digitato-quinquepartitis laciniis cuneato-lanccolatis simplicibus vol :;-.">- 
fidis, segmentis longe-acuminatis, caulinis paucis sensim minoribus sinipli- 
cioribus, panicula elongata, floribus intense coccineis, sepalis late ovatis 
obtusis, petali inferioris Umbo bifido duobusque interioribus versus apirera 
pilosis, calcare rectiusculo floris longitudine, ovariis glabris. 



Blue or purple or white Larkspurs are familiar to us in our 
gardens. We have now the pleasure of making known a species 
of Delphinium equalling if not surpassing any other in the size 
and symmetry of the plant, and excelling in the brilliancy of co- 
lour of the flower, and that as rich a scarlet as can well he looked 
upon. It is one of the many novelties detected by Mr. Win. 
Lobb in California, and introduced to our gardens by M 
Veitch and Sons, of the Exeter and Chelsea Exotic Nurseries. 
Treated as a hardy annual, it cannot fail to be a great favourite 
with all lovers of handsome flowers. The United States Ex- 
ploring Expeditions have likewise met with this rarity on their 
overland journeys to California, and specimens we know are in 
Dr. Torrey's possession, but the plant has not been published. 
Our plants were in great perfection in August. 

Descr. Cultivated specimens are from two to three feet high, 
a good deal taller than our native dried specimens. The leaves 
are for the most part radical, and these on very long, stout, terete 
petioles or stalks, glabrous, as is almost every part of the plant, 
more than a span across, digitately divided, almost to the base, 
into five primary spreading cuneate-lanceolate segments, strongly 
nerved : the circumference represents a cordate outline : the seg- 
ments are either simple and much acuminated and narrow, or 

DECEMBER 1ST, 185"). 



they are broader and more or less deeply divided in two to five 
lesser segments or lobes, which are also much acuminated ; the 
cauline leaves are few, gradually smaller upwards, with shorter 
petioles, fewer segments, at length gradually passing into the 
simple, sessile, lanceolate bracts of the terminal panicle. This 
panicle (a compound raceme) is elongated, bearing many large 
exceedingly showy flowers, on long erect pedicels, which have a 
pair of opposite subulate bracts, and are pubescent. Flowers 
slightly drooping, nearly two inches long, including the spur, of 
a rich scarlet colour, except the petals, which are partially deep 
yellow. Sepals five, broad-ovate, very obtuse ; spur as long as 
the flower, gradually tapering and slightly ascending, scarlet to. 
the tip. Inner petals with appendages or spurs of the same 
shape, running down into the spur of the calyx; the limb, as 
well as that of the lesser petals, pilose. Stamens numerous ; 
anthers oblong, bright yellow. Ovaries three, erect, glabrous, 
tapering into short subulate styles. 



Fig. 1. Flower, from which the calyx is removed. 2. Ovaria : — magnified. 



$888 



Up?- 




Tab. 4888. 

CORDIA SUPERBA. 

Large JFIiite-Flowered Cordia. 



Nat. Ord. Borragine^e (Cordiese). — Pentandria Monogyma. 

Gen. Char. Calyx tubulosus, obovatus campanulatusve, 4-5-dentatus, rarius 
3- seu 6-8-dentatus. Corolla infundibuliformis vel liypocraterimorpha, limbo 
4-5-partito, rarius 6-12-lobo. Stamina tot quot lobi, corolla? tubo inserta. 
Stylus bis bifidus, saepius exsertus. Drupa ovata aut globosa, pulposa, calyce 
persistente ssepius cincta, nunc in ovario 4-locul. post antliesin abortu ad loculos 
1-3 stepe reducta, loculis 1-sperniis. — Arbores aid frutices regionumorbis cah- 
darum incolce. Folia alterna aut rarissime subopposita, petiolata, forma varia, in- 
tegerrima aut dentata. Flores dispositione varii, interdum abortu polygami aut 
monoid. Corollae fere omnium alba. De Cand. 



Cordia (Sebestenioides) superba ; arbuscula, ramis teretibus, petiolis peduncu- 
lisque vix scabridis, foliis petiolatis cuneato-oblongis subito acuminatis, venis 
primariis subtus valde prominulis, cyma terminali dichotomo-corymbosa, 
floribus sessilibus, calyce cylindrico submembranaceo apice irregulariter rupto 
ante anthesin subclavato mucrone umbonato, corollae (albfe) fauce longe in- 
fundibuliformi, limbi lobis amplis rotundatis plicatis, staminibus 5, fila- 
mentis inferne hirsutis. 

Cordia superba. Cham, in Linncea, 1829, .p. 474. Be Cand. Prodr. 9. p. 476. 

Cordia Sebestena. Veil. Fl. Mum. v. 2. p. 251. 



This large-flowered Cordia was sent to us by M. Chantin, nur- 
seryman in Paris, without any specific name, or any indication of 
its origin. We refer it, with little hesitation, to the C superba 
of Chamisso in the ' Linnsea' above quoted, with his description of 
which it sufficiently accords, though he says nothing of the co- 
lour of the flowers. That author notices two varieties (if they are 
worthy to be so considered), viz. a. cuneata and £. elliptica, and 
De Candolle refers to the C. Sebestena of Vellozi, Flora Flumm. 
ii. p. 151, which indeed is a very fair representation of our plant. 
If we are correct in our views, the species is a native of tropical 
Brazil. It is treated as a stove-plant, and flowers in September. 
Unless the term superba is significant of unusual size of flower 
and foliage, this species of Cordia scarcely deserves that appella- 
tion. 



DECEMBER 1ST, 1855. 



Descr. At present our plant forms a shrub from two to three 
feet high. The branches are stout, terete, smooth. Leaves a 
good deal confined to the ends of the branches, large, six to 
eight inches long, elliptical-cuneate, somewhat waved, entire, 
dark-green, acuminate; the principal nerves impressed above^ 
prominent beneath. Peduncle terminal, as long as the leaf, 
bearing a dichotomously divided cyme of very large white blos- 
soms tinged with dull yellow, each sessile on a somewhat scor- 
poid branch. Calyx greenish-white, cylindrical-clavate, burst- 
ing at the top irregularly. Corolla very large, plaited, infundi- 
buliformi-campanulate • the lobes broad and rounded, spreading. 
Stamens five, inserted on the narrow part of the tube, included : 
filaments hairy at the base: anthers oblong arrow-shaped, ex- 
trorse. Ovary subglobose. Style rather exceeding the stamens 
in length : stigma twice bifid, segments clavate. 



Fig. 1. Portion of the corolla with the stamens laid open. 2. Pistil. 
3. Transverse section of ovary : — magnified. 



'i$89. 







Tab. 4889. 
CCELOGYNE speciosa. 

S/wivy Cceloyyne. 



Nat. Ord. Orchide^e — Gynandria Monandria. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4440.) 



CffiLOGYNE speciosa; pseudobulbis ovato-oblongis costatis monophyllis, folns ob- 
longo-lanceolatis 5-7-nemis.pedunculis 1-2-flona pseudobulbis parum lon- 
gioribus, fetalis linearibus reflexb, labelli trilobi lacmus laterahbus an 
denticulatis intermedia biloba rotnndata cristis duabus muncahs crassis 
sub apice ipso labelli confluentibus tertia brevi tenui basilan interjecta. 

Ccelogyne speciosa. Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orchid, p. 39. Bot. Reg. 1847. t. 23. 

Chelonanthera speciosa. Blume, Bijd. 384. t. 51. 



This very fine species of Cceloyyne was first imported by the 
Messrs. Veiteh, of the Exeter and Chelsea Exotic Nurseries, 
through their collector, Mr. Thomas Lobb from Java. It pro- 
duced its blossoms with them in 1846 ; and it has proved as the 
Messrs. Veiteh stated it would do, a "free-growing and a f ce- 
flowerino- plant." Messrs. Roffison favoured us with a fine plant 
frorthel/nursery, which they received direct from heir ; collector 
iu Java in 184?/ The li P of the flower is a bean^objec^ bog 
in the colour and marking, and in the exquisite fringe of the 

crests and margin. , nWrmn- 

Descr. Pseudobulbs clustered, between ovate and oblong 
compressed and marked with elevated nbs, beanngai m* 
elliptical-lanceolate, acuminate, membranaceous stated, and 
pla ted leaf on the summit. From within a young dnndkdcr 
grooved leif(the scarcely formed pse.dobdb being hca t d u.th 
imbricated scales) arises zfower-stf, much shelter ^than fte 
leaf, bearing one or two drooping flowers of »™7jW"£ 
but possessing no brUliancy of colour. Sepal broad lm^eo- 
late, the lateral ones the longest and narrowest t*« f ™f e 
one broader and less acuminated, carinated, al of a pale olivc- 
^Tfl very long, linear, of the same colour as the sepals, 



DECEMBER 1ST, 1855. 



deflexed. Lip very large, the principal ground-colour yellow, va- 
riously tinged and blotched and veined with rich blood-red or 
pitch colour ; the apex white. The form is oblong ; it is three- 
lobed, the lateral lobes small, resembling ears, the latter and the 
margin of the broad two-lobed middle lobe or segment fringed. 
Two long crests run nearly the whole length of the lip ; these 
are copiously fringed with pedunculated (peduncles often bifid), 
stellated hairs, and are beautiful objects for the microscope. 
Column large, semiterete, winged, crested at the top, below which 
summit is sunk the anther-case, enclosing the four pollen-masses, 
united by a large gland. 



Fig. 1. Column and anther. 2. Pollen-masses. 3. Lip, front view. 4. Fringe 
of the crests of the lip : — magnified. 



M& 




Tab. 4890. 
AMPHICOME Emodi. 

E modi an Amphicome. 



Nat. Ord. BiONONiACEiE. — Didynamia Gymnosi>i:rmia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx oblongo-campanulatus, 5-dentatus aut sub-5-fidus, lobis acu- 
minatisve, sinubus nudis. Corolla longe infundibuliformis, limbo 5-lobo, sub- 
bilabiato, lobis subsequalibus rotundatis. Stamina 4, didynama, fertilia, quinto 
sterili subulato. Anthera per paria stylo arete adpressse, lobis pilosis calcarato- 
aristatis, connectivo appendiculato. Discus hypogynus, cyathiformis. Ovarium 
lineare. Stylus filiformis. Stigma bilamellatum. Capsula siliquaeformis, sutura 
altera debiscens, septo libero. Semina plurima, appensa, utrinque pilis distinct is 
comosa. — Herbfe Himalayenses, erecta, glabra. Caules teretes, perennantes aut 
annui, basi radicantes. Folia alterna, petiolata, pinnatisecta ; segmentis 2-3-jugis 
cum impari ovato-lanceolatis, dentato-serratis. Racemi terminaks, laxi, paucijlori. 
Corollse rosea. DC. 



Amphicome Emodi; foliolis cordato-ovatis petiolulatis obtusis crenato-lobatis, 
floribus erectis subcorymbosis (demum raceraosis), ealycis lobis abbreviatis 
obtusis granulosis, corollse tubo infimdibuliformi-campanulato lirabi aequahs 
lobis amplis rotundatis emarginatis patentibus, ovario oblongo, annulo hy- 
pogyno ab ejus basi remote 

Amphicome Emodi. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. 1838, sub Tab. 19. De Cand. Prodi: 
v. 9. p. 237. 

Tncarvillea Emodi. Wall. Cat. n. 487. 



This, a discovery.of Dr. Wallich, is the original or first species 
of Amphicome (Incarvillea, Watt.); a genus of Northern India, 
consisting of two species, which Dr. Royle judiciously we think, 
proposed to separate from Incarvillea, but which, at the sm 
tion of Air. Brown, he referred to a section of the last-named 
genus. The A. arouta, however, a species very different Irom 
this, was that first known in cultivation, and it has been -well 
figured by Dr. Boyle in his 'Himalayan Flora, and by Dr. 
Lmdley in the Bot .Register (1838, Tab. 19), from garden spe- 
cimens. The last-mentioned author speaks of this " as the much 
finer species, with much larger and more numerous flowers a 
more robust foliage, and much more considerable stature ; but 
which " still remains to be introduced." 

In 1852 we had the pleasure to receive native seeds Horn 

DECEMBER IsT, 1855. 



Major Vicary, and our plant, here figured, blossomed at Kew 
under a cool frame in October, 1855. It is indeed a remarkably 
handsome plant ; native of the mountains of Emodi, near Srina- 
ghur, and on the Suen range of hills. 

Descr. Boot perennial. Stem annual, and, as is the whole 
plant, glabrous, one to one and a half foot high, slightly branched. 
Leaves a span and more long, especially the radical ones, impari- 
pinnate, with about five to seven pairs of opposite, cordato-ovate, 
obtuse, shortly (but evidently) petiolulate leaflets, their margins 
crenato-lobate. Peduncles terminal, leafless, or only with two or 
three cuneate bracts. Flowers large, handsome, at first corymbose ; 
as the fruit ripens racemose. Pedicels short, bracteated. Calyx- 
tuhe turbinate, thick, fleshy : limb of five, short, obtuse, thick, 
granulated teeth. Corolla, with the tube between infundibuli- 
form and campanulate, orange. Limb very large, of five, spread- 
ing, rounded, emarginate, rose-coloured lobes. Stamens included, 
inserted on the contracted portion of the tube of the corolla, 
didynamous .- filaments curved, so that the anthers meet in two 
pairs : their cells diverging, and bearing each a long tuft of hair 
and a spine at the back. Ovary oblong, shortly stipitate, sur- 
rounded by an hypogynous ring. Style filiform. Stigma of two, 
large, spreading laminae. 



Fig. 1. Calyx and pistil. 2. Lower part of the corolla (laid open), with sta- 
mens. 3. Anthers, 4. Ovary and hypogynous ring : — magnified.