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Pante ot tt)t Kopal barton* of &eto 






(Or Vol.LXXXIV. of the Whole Work.) 

" Nature, enchanting: Nature, in whose form 
And lineaments divine I trace a hand 
That errs not, ami find raptures still renewed, 
Is free to all men, — universal prize." 


Li '61$ 







prmnt Mttnu is gt&uatefr, 




Royal Gardens, Kew, 
Bee. 1, 1858. 


In which the Latin Names of the Plants contained in the 
. Fourteenth Volume of the Third Series (or Eighty-fourth 
Volume of the Work) are alphabetically arranged. 




iEschynanthus tricolor. 
iEsculus Californica. 
Ananas bracteatus. 
Apteranthes Gussoniana. 
Azalea ovata. 
Begonia Wageneriana. 
Billbergia Liboniana. 
Bolbophyllum Neilgherrense. 
Calantbe Dominii (hybrida). 
Camellia rosseflora. 
Campanula strigosa. 
Cattleya Aclandise. 



Chanthus Dampieri. 
Coelogyne pandurata. 


Colletia cruciata. 
Cordia ipomoeseflora. 
Cosmanthus grandiflorus. 
Dasylirium acrotrichum. 


Dendrobium Chrysotoxum. 

Falconeri ; sepalis 

petalisque obtusioribus. 

Eugenia Luma. 
Fieldia australis. 
Fritillaria Graeca. 
Gaultberia discolor. 
Gesneria cinnabarina. 


Graramatocarpus volubilis. 
Gustavia insignis. 
Hydrangea cyanema. 
Ilex cornuta. 









Indigofera decora. 

Inga macrophylla. 

Ismelia Broussonetii. 

Isotoma senecioides ; var. sub- 

Kefersteinia graminea. 

Lobelia trigonocaulis. 

Monstera Adansonii. 

Nepenthes villosa. 

Niphaea albo-lineata ; var. reti- 

Naegelia multiflora. 

Oberonia acaulis. 

(Enothera bistorta ; var. Veitch- 

Orchis foliosa. 

Osbeckia aspera. 

Ouvirandra Bernieriana. 

Pentstemon JafFrayanus. 

Philodendron erubescens. 

Pilumna fragrans. 

Plocostemma lasianthum. 

Polygala Hilairiana. 

Polygonatum punctatum. 

• roseum. 

Rhododendron argenteum. 


Wight ; var. Aucliandii. 

■ — - vinratum. 

Saxifraga purpurascens. 
Sonerila speciosa. 
Thunbergia Natalensis. 
Thyrsacanthus Indicus. 
Tradescantia discolor ; var. 

Xiphidium floribundnm. 



In which the English Names of the Plants contained in the 
Fourteenth Volume of the Third Skhies (or Eighty-fourth 
Volume of the Work) are alphabetically arranged. 


5031 jEschynanthus, three-coloured. 
5087 Apteranthes, Gussoni's. 
5064 Azalea, ovate-leaved Chinese. 

5047 Begonia, ^\ agener's. • 

5068 Bell-flower, strigose. 
5090 Billbergia, Libon's. 

5050 Bolbophyllum, Neilgherry. 
5077 Buck-eye, Califoruian. 
5042 Calanthe,' hybrid. 

5044 Camellia, rose-flowered. 

5039 Cattleya, Lady Acland's. 
5032 citron-coloured. 

5048 ' rough-lipped. 

5051 Clianthus, Dainpier's. 
5084 Ccelogyne, pandurate. 
5072 Schiller's. 

5033 Colletia, cross-spined. 

5027 Cordia, Ipomoaa-flowered. 

5029 Cosmanthus, large-flowered. 

5030 Dasylirium, bearded-leaved. 
5041 glaucous-leaved. 

5058 Dendrobiura, Dr. Falconer's ; 

with sepals and petals more 


5053 golden-arched. 

5037 showy. 

5040 Eugenia, pointed-leaved. 
5089 Fieldia, Australian. 

5052 Fritillary, Greek. 

5034 Gaultheria, two-coloured. 
5036 Gesneria, Cinnabar-flowered. 
5070 Donklar's. 

5028 Grammatocarpus, twining. 

5069 Gustavia, showy. 

5059 Holly, horned- leaved. 
5038 Hydrangea, blue-stamened. 







Indigo-plant, comely. 

Inga. Large-leaved. 

Isinelia, Brousaoi 

Isotoma, Groundsel-lea vtd ; rab- 

pinnatifid var. 
Kefersteinia, gnus-leaved. 
Lattice-leaf, Bcruicr's. 
Lobelia, triangular-stemmed. 
Milkwort, St. Hilaire's. 
KConstera) perforated, 
Niphflea, white-lined ; reticulated 


Negelia, wbite-flowered. 

Oberonia, itemless. 

(Enothera, twisted-fruited; Mr. 

Veitch's var. 

Orchis, leafy. 

Osbeckia, rough-leaved. 

Pentstemon, Mr. Jaffrny's. 

Pliilodendron, red-purple. 

Pilumna, fragrant. 

Pine-apple, scarlet. 

Pitcher-plant, villous. 

Plocostemma, woolly- flowered. 

Rhododendron, Lord Auckland'*. 

— — — silver-leaved. 


Saxifrage, purple Himalayan. 

Solomon's-seal, rose-flowered. 


Sonerila, showy. 

Spider-wort, purple-leaved; va- 
riegated var. 

Thunbergia, Natal. 

Thyrsacanthus, Indian. 

Xiphidiura, copious-flowered. 




I V 


: V 



Tab. 5025. 

ananas bracteatus. 
Scarlet Pine-apple. 

Hat. Ord. Bromeliace^e. — Hexandrta Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Perigonii superi sexpartiti lacinia exteriores calycince erectae, in- 
teriores petaloidece erectae, ligulatae, basi intus bisquamosae, squamis tubulosis. 
Stamina 6, epigyna, perigonii laciniis interioribus opposita ; filamentis inter ea- 
rundem squamas retentes, antheris linearibus erectis. Ovarium inferum, trilocu- 
lare. Ovula in placenta palmatifida, ex apice anguli centralis loculorum pro- 
tuberante pendula. Stylus filiforrnis ; stigmata 3, carnosula, erecta, fimbriata. 
Baccce inter se et cum bracteis in syncarpium conferruminatae, loculis plerumque 
abortivis aspermis, rarissime bi-triloculares. Semina in loculis solitaria, ex apice 
loculorum pendula, ovoidea, compressiuscula, testa membranacea, fusca, striata, 
rliaphe fasciaeformi alba umbilicum basilarem chalazac apicali tuberculiformis jun- 
gente. Embryo minimus, in basi albuminis farinacei rectus, extremitate radicu- 
lari umbilicum attingente, supera. — Herbae Americana (?) per tropicos totius orbis 
diffuses; foliis linearibus integerrimis vel spinuloso-serratis ; florum spica densa, de- 
mum carnosa, connata, scepe comafoliorum terminata. Undl. 

Ananas bracteatus ; foliis spinoso-serratis, bracteis foliaceis coloratis. Lindl. 
Ananasa bracteatus. Lindl. Bot. Beg. t. 1081. 
Ananas bracteatus. Rcem. et Schult. Syst. Veget. v. l.p. 1286. 
Nana^ew Ananas. " Marcgraaf, Hist. 1. cap. 16 fexcl. ic.J." 
"Scarlet-leaved Pine. Hortulan." 

Highly ornamental a plant as this is to our stoves in the 
summer months, it is nevertheless doubtful to us if it should be 
considered in any other light than one of many varieties of the 
Common Pine-apple (Ananas sativus). That species is indeed 
characterized by the flowers "coma terminati." Even in our 
plant there is an incipient " coma," which in Dr. Lindley's figure 
/. c. is more fully developed. Our plants have not yet produced 
eatable fruit ; but we are informed by Dr. Lindley that " the great 
merit of this species {Ananas bracteatus) consists in the clear deep 
crimson bracteae of the flowering spike, which retain their colour, 
although less brilliant in the ripe fruit ; the latter, however, is so 
good, that no collection of Pines should be without the species" 
JANUARY 1st, 1858. 

Great allowance must be made lor the variation in plants that 
have been for centuries under cultivation, especially in the I 
of esculent and fruit-hearing ones, ami the kinds bearing fruit so 
much an object of competition, that there be no end 

of forms and colour. This species has nothing to do with Hro- 
melia bractenta, Sw. and of ' I tortus Kewmsia.' 

Seeing that, as far as our knowledge extends, there are no real 
differences between the two and Anana* already figured 

in this work, we abstain from any full description. Rcemer and 
Schultes express a doubt whether this be distinct from Ana 
Sagenaria (Bromelia Sagenaria, "Jmda de Catnara, Diss.," etc., 
p. 41), noticed too in Roster's Travels, vol. ii. p. 458. Both 
are considered natives of Brazil. With the latter we are totally 
unacquainted. Is there really more than one species of Ana, 
or true Pine-apple? 

Fig. 1. Portion of a leaf and a flower spike, nat. me. 2. Flower within its 
bractea and upon its fleshy receptacle. 3. Petal and stamen :—ma//tiiJicil. 

H .(). 


Tab. 5026. 

SONERILA speciosa. 

Showy Sonerila. 

Nat. Ord. Melastomace^e. — Triandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. (Fide supra, Tab. 4978.) 

Sonerila speciosa; herbacea erecta, ramis obtuse tetragonis, foliis longiuscule 
petiolatis cordato-ovatis acutis argute serratis 5-7-nerviis serratis glabris, 
petiolis versus apicem villosis, pedunculis terminalibus solitariis dichotomis, 
ramis demum elongatis scorpioideis, floribus secuudis, calyce ureeolato glan- 
duloso-piloso, petalis subrotundo-ovatis mucronulatis carina dorso villosa, 
staminibus stylura sequantibus, antheris basi cordatis longiuscule acuminatis, 
dorso basi medio obtuse calcarato. 

Sonerila speciosa. Zenker, Plant. Ind. Nilgh. p. 18. t. 18. Ann. Sc. Nat. v. 6. 
p. 151. Wight, Ic. Plant. Ind. Or. t. 2952. 

From the collection of the Messrs. Veitch, of the Exeter and 
Chelsea Nurseries, who introduced the plant from the Neilgher- 
ries, at the same time with the Sonerila elegans, figured from the 
same collection at our Tab. 4978. It is a species that was 
quite unknown to M. Maudin, when he published his elaborate 
' Melastomacearum quae in Museo Parisiensi continentur Mono- 
graphicae descriptionis et secundum affinitates distributions Ten- 
tamen.' It is a most lovely species, in richness of the colour 
of the flowers far exceeding the yet handsome S. elegans just 
alluded to. Zenker gives the locality of the plant about Otaca- 
mund ; Dr. Wight, " Kaitie Falls, on moist sides of ravines above 
the Avalanche Bungalow, very abundant, flowering in February " 
Dr. Wight seems to be alluding to the Neilgherries on the oc- 

Descu. Stems scarcely a foot high, moderately branched: 
branches herbaceous, obtusely quadrangular, glabrous. Leaves 
opposite, petiolate, cordato-ovate, acute, serrated, five- to seven- 
or even nine-nerved, glabrous. Petioles rather shorter than the 
leaf, channelled on the upper side, villous towards the extremity. 
Peduncle terminal on the branches, solitary, very glandulosely 

JANUARY 1ST, 1858. 

hairy, terete, bearing a bifid cyme of large deep rose-coloured 
flowers: the hranchvx are subscorpioid ami the /A , m d. 

/rurceolate and 1 as the \ glanduloso-pilosej 

Umi of three, patent. Bobrotood but aeu: S , s in 

the genus, three , flexooi .late at the 

base, attenuated at the apex: on the back, at the point of ii 
tion on the filament, is a short blunt spur. Sty/a as long as the 
stamens, declined. 

Fig. 1. Calyx, including the adherent ovary. 2, 3. Stamens -.—magnified. 



"Vincent Biooks 

Tab. 5027. 
cordia ipomceieflora. 

Ipomcea-jlowcred Cord i a. 

Nat. Ord. Boragine^e. — Pentandkia monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx tubulosus, obovatus campanulatusve, 4-5-dentatus, rarius 
3- sen 6-8-dentatus. Corolla infundilmliformis vel hypocraterimorpha, limbo 
4-8-partito, rarius 6-12-lobo. Stamina tot quot lobi, corollse tubo inserts. 
StyliU bis bifidus, Sffipiua exsertus. Brupa ovata ant globosa, pulposa, oalyofl 
pereistente ssepius cincta, nunc in ovario l-locul. post anthesin abortu ad loculos 
1-3 sacpe reducta, loculis 1-sperrnis. — Arbores aid frutices regionum orbis cali- 
darum incola. .Folia alterna aid rarmimc sitbopposita, petiolala, forma varia, 
integerrima nut dentata. Flores dispositione varii, interdum abortu polygami aut 
monoid. Corollse fere omnium alba. DC. 

Cokdia (§ sebestenoides) ipomceoflora ; arborea, ramis teretibus, petiolis elongatis 
pedunculis calycibusque subtus minute pubescenti-scabriusculis, foliis peda- 
libus-sesquipedalibus late obovato-lanceolatis acutis vix acuminatis dimidio 
superiore grosse spinuloso-dentatis, panicula terminal i ampla laxa pluries 
dichotoma, floribus sessilibus, calyce urceolato-cylindraceo apice 2-trifido 
(siccitate substriato) ante antbesin apice conico-mucronato, corolla: (alba)) 
amplse infundibulifbrmi-campanulatae plicatula3 lobis rotundatis, staminibus 
5, filamentis inferne hirsutis. 

Similar as this fine Cordia unquestionably is to the C. superba 
figured at our Tab. 4888 (supposed to be a Brazilian species) it 
is nevertheless truly distinct. In our stove the plant is quite 
arborescent, having, though confined in a pot, attained a height 
of fourteen feet. The leaves are opaque (never nitent), a loot 
and more in length, with petioles two to three inches long ; their 
apex is acute, not suddenly and finely acuminated, and the mar- 
gins of the upper half are coarsely though irregularly dentato- 
serrate with large pungent spinulose teeth. The flowers are 
laxly paniculated, and though of the same shape and colour as 
in C. superba, are more than one and a half as large again, and 
resemble at first sight those of some white Gmvohtdm 
vioea, quite conspicuous at a considerable height from the ground. 

JANUARY IsT, 1858. 

It is to be regretted that, as was the case with the plant we 
figured for C. mtperba, we know nothing of its native country 
or introduction; and only that it old inhabitant of the 

warm stove in the Royal Gardens of Kew, with the blossoming 
ol which, during the sunny season of the summer of L867, we 
could not fail to be struck. The section of the extensive genus 

i (now that nearly all the Farroma are included in 
which this species belongs, is undoubtedly | I ordia? 

niacranthae, Cliam.), including twelve species, some inhabitants 
of the Old, some of the New World, none of them in characters 
according with the present species. 

Discs. A small tree, as cultivated with us, twelve to fourteen 
feet high, probably, in its native country, like the C. macrophyU* 
of Jamaica, forty to fifty feet; much branched, branches terete, 
brownish from close-pressed minute villous down. much 

confined to the branchlets, on teret to three inches 

long, obovato-lanceolate, a foot to sixteen inches in length, five 
inches wide in the broadest part, acute or only shortly and gra- 
dually acuminate, opaque on the surface (not glossy), tapering 
below gradually into the petiole, the upper half has the margin! 
very coarsely dentato-serrate, the teeth unequal in size, and spinu- 
lose or mucronulate ; glabrous above, petioles and younger lea?« 
obscurely pubescent on the midrib and some of* the ' principal 
prominent veins beneath. Panicle large, terminal. Peduncle 
and pedicels as well as the calyx downy; the latter sessile and 
subsecund on the branchlets, cylindrical or Buburceolate, in bud 
conical and apiculate at the point ; limb of two or three unequal 
short spreading lobes. Corolla one and a half inch in diameter, 
in form between infundibuliform and campanulate, white or 
yellowish-white, wrinkled (plicate) • the limb of five large rounded 
spreading lobes. Stamens five, inserted near the base of the 
corolla, shorter than the tube; f laments hairy at the base; 
anther oval, cordate at the base. Ovary subrotund, four-celled, 
(each cell with one ovule), tapering upwards into a bifid style, 
each with a three-lobed stigma. 

Fig. 1. Base of a corolla laid open, with stamens and pistil. 2. Transverse 
section of an ovary : — magnified. 



Tab. 5028. 

Twining Grammatocarpus. 

Nat. Orel. Loasace^. — Polyadelphia Polyandria. 

Ota. Char. Calyx tubo lineari cum ovario connato, limbi superi quinqucpartiti 
laciniis aequalibus. Corolla petala 10, summo calycis tubo inserta, quinquc 
ejusdem laciniis alterna, cucullata, basi subsaccata, majora, quinque iisdem op- 
posita multo minora, apice bicallosa, triaristata. Stamina plurima, cum petalis 
inserta, exteriora sterilia acuminata conica granulata, petalis minoribus per paria 
opposita, interiora fertilia, in fasciculos 5, iisdem majoribus oppositos approxi- 
mata; Jilamenta filiformia; anther ce biloculares, longitudinaliter dehiscentes. Ova- 
rium inferum, uniloculare, placentis parietalibus tribus, nerviformibus. Ovula 
plurima, pendula, anatropa. Stylus simplex ; stigma acutum. Capsula linearis, 
torta, limbi calycini reliquiis coronata, unilocularis, juxta totam longitudinem tri- 
valvis, valvis margine seminiferis. Setnina plurima, subglobosa ; testa fibrosa, 
reticulata. Embryo in axi albuminis carnosi orthotropus; radicula umbilico 
proxima. — Herba Chilensis, volubilis, pubescens ; foliis oppositis, pinnatisectis; flo- 
ribus axillaribus terminalibusque, solitariis, subsessilibus,Jlavis. Endl. 

Grammatocarpus volubilis. 

Grammatocarpus volubilis. Presl, Symb. Bot. v. 1. p. 59. t. 38. Walp. Reperl. 
Bot. Syst. v. 2. p. 255, et v. 5. p. 778. 

Scyphanthus elegans. Don, in Sweet Brit. Fl. Gard. v. 3. t. 238. Paxion, 
Mag. of Bot. v. 10. p. 3, cum ic. Gay, Fl. Chil. v. I. p. 465. 

Loasa striata. Meyen, Beise urn die Erde, v. 1. p. 310. 

Descr. iSfemshng, slender, climbing and twining, herbaceous, 
slender, soon becoming brown, but not woody, frequently branched 
in a somewhat dichotomous manner, rough with minute deflexed 
and probably (like its congeners) stinging hairs. Leaves oppo- 
site, also rough with the like hairs ; the lower ones bipinnatifid ; 
upper ones smaller and only pinnatifid, sometimes trifid ; all the 
segments oblong, uninerved. Petiole-short, channelled. /'' 
in reality sessile, but appearing peduncled from the narrow 
elongated pedunculiform inferior tnfary, terminal or axillary and 
often arising from a fork of the branch. Cafym-tube very long, 
slender, terete and furrowed, incorporated with the ovary ; /imi of 

JANUARY 1ST, 1858. 

rive, spreading, spathulate, leafy segments. 1 yellow, five 

inserted at the wry base of the cal\ ota, ascending so as 

toformacup: each one obo > K-i-ply saccate below 

the middle. Scales five, cucullate, at the apex having a lobed, 
red callosity, arid three long horns or filaments Stamen* and 
pistil as described in the above generic character. The fruit 
we have not seen. 

1. Petal. 2. Scale with its three horns, callous apex, and with hi 
mens at the base within : — magnified. 


v.Btdi & 

"Vincent Brooks # 

Tab. 5029. 
COSMANTHUS grandiflorus. 

Large-flowered Cosmanthus. 

Nat. Ord. HydrophyllacejE. — Pentandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx quiuquepartitus, sinubus nudis. Corolla late campanulata, 
caduca, 5-fida, tubo esquamato, lobis sestivatione quincunciali. Stamina 5, fila- 
mentis gracilibus, corollam subsequantibus. Pollen oblongum. Nectarium mi- 
nimum. Ovarium basiexcepta pilosum, 5-loculare, placentis 2 parietalibus dorso 
liberis 2-8-ovulatis. Stylus bi-(tri-)fidus. Capsula valvis 2 medio septiferis de- 
hiscens. Semina 4-10, ovoideo-angulosa, lateraliter aut rarius extremitate ad- 
fixa, rugulosa. Embryo (ex C. parmflord) minimus, radicula supera. — Herba? 
graciles, Boreali- Americana, annua ; foliis aliernis ; racemis elongatis, ebracteatis, 
simplicibus ; floribus pedicellatis, parvis, albis vel pallide caruleis. — Differt a 
Phacelia et Eutoca tubo corollse nudo ; ab EmmenantJie prseterea corolla caduca. 

Cosmanthus grandiflorus ; adscendens, foliis lato-ovatis dentatis basi subcor- 
datis rugosis uti caules et calyces hispidis, racemis ad apicem pluribus 
circinatis, calycibus subsessilibus, placentis ultra 50-ovulatis. Benth. 

Cosmanthus grandiflorus. Benth. in Be Cand. Prodr. v. 9. p. 297. 

Eutoca grandiflora. Benth. in Trans. Linn. Soc. v. 17. p. 278. 

Eutoca speciosa. Nuttall, Plant. Gambel.p. 158. 

This plant has probably the largest flowers of all of the Order 
Hydrophyllacem. Although discovered by Mr. Douglas during 
his wanderings in California before 1834, it appears only lately 
to have been introduced to our gardens by Messrs. Veitch, 
through their collector Mr. William Lobb. We saw it for the 
first time flowering in the extensive, hardy herbaceous ground 
of Mr. Borrer, at Henfield, and thence obtained the specimens 
here figured. Mr. Nuttall detected the species at San Diego, 
California, and considering it to possess characters different from 
those of Eutoca (Cosmanthus) grandiflora, he described it under 
the name of Eutoca speciosa. Only a solitary specimen was re- 
ceived by the Horticultural Society from Mr. Douglas; out we 
possess fine native specimens in the herbarium from Mr. Nuttall 

JANUARY 1ST, 1858. 

and : Mr. \\ ,lham Lobb (n. 389), gathered on mountains of 
nardmo, Sooth CaKl if the fiow< : the 

rich blue colour of / w, it would indeed be a splendid 

ornament to our fiower-bord 

wing, somewhat decumbent, herbace- 
ous, branch, g | . m its native country three to five feel high 
{W. Lobb), everywhere clothed with Bhorl simple hairs, inter- 
mixed with glandular and viscid ones, which .Mr. Nuttall ob- 
serves emit (when rubbed) a heavy, resinous, rather disagree- 
able smell, not unlike that of Rue. ascending.* 
Lmves large, rather coarse, on short petiole*, ovate, somewhat 
cordate at the base, sometimes approaching to rhomboid or tri- 
-ular, doubly dentate, sometimes almosUobed at the margin, 
penninerved, nerves very prominent beneath. FIokh rs terminal 
on young superior branches, which (the leaves becoming gra- 
dually smaller j constitute a sort of leafy ptmicte of flowers. Ra- 
cemes scorpioid. Pedicels very short, erect, bo that the calv\ 
is appressed to the racks. Calyx cut into five, deep, linear, 
spreading, afterwards erect, segments, about as long as the tu- 
bular portion of the corolla. Corolla very large, almost two 
inches across, campanulato-rotate, purple ('vm pale externally), 
witn a dark-purple nng and radiating Unas at the faui I. 
subrotundate, very obtuse ; tube white. 8tam « five, much ex- 
<!- Anthers oblong ; /laments subulate, hairy at the base. 
Uvan pyramidal, partially villous. Style short, tnlid ■ branches 
equal in length to the filaments of the stamens 

Fig. 1. Stamen. 2. Pistil :- 


] r t lr 



W.PitcK id. <±Mi. 

Tab. 5030. 
DASYLIRIUM acrotrichum. 

Bearded-leaved Dasylirium . 

Nat. Ord. Asparaginase. — Dkecta Hexandria. 

Gen. Char. Floras dioici. Masc. Perigonium corollaeeum, profunde 6-parti- 
tum ; foliolis oblongis, uninerviis, navieulaiibus, campanulato-couniventibus (pa- 
tentibus, Brongn.) ; exterioribus paulo longioribus vel brevioribus ; pra?floratio 
imbricata. Stamina sex, basi foliolorum inserta, plenimque iis breviora. Fila- 
menta filiformia. Antheree biloculares, oblongpp, utrinque biloba?, dorso medio 
affixae, introrsae. Pistillum rudimentarium. Fl. Fcem. Perigonium. maris. Sta- 
mina antheris effetis; ovarium, liberum, triquctrum, angulis meu.brauaceis, uni- 
loculare; ovula 6, per paria approximata, t'undo ovarii aftixa, erecta, anatropa. 
Columna stylina brevis, in stigma infumlibulare margine undulato-plicatum irre- 
gulariter lobatum dilatata {stigma trilobura ; lobis brevibus, ovatis, divergenti- 
DU3, Brongn.). Fruclus nucumentaceus, abortu monospermus (akenium, Brongn.), 
ovato-trigonus, angulis in merabranam latam expansis. Semen imraaturum erec- 
tum, fusiforme, utrinque acutum. Caulis lignosus, abbreviatus, foliosus, vel elon- 
gatus, caudieiformis, apice foliosus, erectus. — Folia e basi semiamplexicauli line- 
ana, superne subulato-angmtata , apice marcido sape {semper, Brongn.) infila dis- 
sotuodia, canaliculata, striata, rigida, margine nunc, spinosa, inter spinas denticu- 
lato-spinulosa, nunc scabra. Panicula? terminates, solitaria, erecta, simplices vel 
ramosm, bracteatee. Flores parvi, albi, pedicellati, solitarii vel per 2-4 fascicu- 
lato-congesti, in ramulis spicati vel racemosi ; pedicellis basi bracteola lis, superne 
articulatis. Antherae/at?*. 

Dasylirium acrotrichum ; caulescens, trunco elongato, foliis longissimis e lata 
basi lineari-subulatis viridibus fasciculo fibrarum emarcidarum terminatis 
planiusculis striatis rigide serrulatis spinosisque, spinis subulatis sursum 
curvatis, spica longissima cylindraceo-acuminata composita, spiculis (plant, 
foem.) seu racemis cylindricis eopiosis dense compactis erectis multinoris, 
bracteis amplis aubaequilongis ovatis acuminatissimis, floribus (fcem.) dense 

Dasylirium acrotrichum. Zuccar. in Otto et Dielr. Allgem. Gartenz. 1838, n. 

33.^. 259. Kunth, Enum. PI. v. 5. p. 40. 
Yucca acrotricha. Schiede in Linntea, v. 4. p. 230, et ». 6. p. 52. ScJudtes, Syst. 

Plant, v. 7. p. 1716. 
Bothnia acrotricha. Brongn. in Ann. des Sc. Nat. v. W.p. 320. 
Dasylirion gracile. Hort. Berol. 1847. 

t Of late years the greenhouses of botanic gardens have exhi- 
bited noble specimens of a vrry singular set of plants, with 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1858. 

much of the habits of very narrow -leaved V ureas, the foil 

generally terminated with a pencil or brush of loose parallel 

rather rigid fibres, now and then >■ nding Dp l solitary central 

stem of very -mall A-paragineous dicecit i S, of which Zuc- 

earini, in L842, constituted a genus, to which he gave the nut 

wry appropriate name of DatjfUrnm (thick or succulent Lily). 

Some well-grown species adorn the south end of the long succu- 

lent-house of the Royal Gardens ; and, probably on account of 

the unusually warm and sunny summer, two of the species threw 

up their noble flower-stalks, the present one so tall, that the 

flowering portion soon came in contact with the loftiest part of 

this house, and it had to be removed into a taller one to perfect 

its flowering. The genus being (it i> stated) always diiecious, 

we have in the present instance only the female plant. All the 

kinds (and six are described, though imperfectly so in most 

cases) are considered to be natives of Mexico, and in their native 

mountains must form, along with Cactuses, a remarkable feature 

in the scenery. Our plants of this were received from Mr. Rep- 

per, of Real del Monte, through the kindness of the Company 

bearing that name. 

Descr. Stem erect, or nearly so ; in the individual under con- 
sideration about two feet high, and a foot at least or a foot and 
a half in girth, clothed with the broad, scale-like, withered bases 
of former years, and crowned by a graceful tuft of slender, plia- 
ble, but firm and coriaceous /eaves, from three to four feet in 
length, the older and lower ones spreading and recurved, the 
younger and upper ones erect; all, from a broad base, rather 
suddenly linear-subulate, terminated by a harsh tuft or pencil 
of coarse fibres, nearly plane, that is, only slightly channelled on 
the upper surface, of an ordinary rather yellowish-green colour, 
finely striated on both sides, of a firm coriaceous texture, but 
with a graceful downward curvature of the old and lower leaves, 
the younger and terminal ones erect ; the margins cartilaginous, 
white, and pellucid, cut into very fine sharp serratures, the teeth 
sometimes double, and beset with strong subulate spines, at dis- 
tances of about half an inch, more or less, a line long, curved up- 
wards, and of a pale-brown colour, the younger ones colourless. 
Peduncle terminal, solitary, at first rising up somewhat like a head 
of asparagus, but clothed with erect, imbricated, young leaves ; 
then rapidly increases in size, and attains a height, including the 
flowers, of fifteen and sixteen feet, the lower part partially clothed 
with small leaves, which gradually pass upwards into subulate 
bracteas, and among the spikelets they are large, broad, mem- 
branaceous, ovate, sharply acuminated, brownish-green bracts, 
as long as or longer than the spikelets. Spike (female) three 
to four feet long, cylindrical, but slightly acuminated, loaded 
with the numerous, erect, bracteated spikelets, or more properly 

racemes. Pedicels short, jointed a little below the flower, and 
there deciduous. Perianth of six, erect, imbricated, concave, 
broad-ovate sepals, of a greenish colour, streaked with red at the 
apex, each enclosing an abortive stamen, shorter than the sepal. 
Ovary (abortive) larger than the sepals, orbicular-oval, with 
three thick but wing-like angles, and crowned with a deeply 
three-parted style. Stigmas triangular. Cell solitary, with three 
erect ovules. 

Fig. 1. Entire plant, much reduced in size. 2. Small portiou of a female 
flower-spike, nat. size. 3. Apex of a leaf, nat. size. 4. Portion of a leaf, nat. 
size. 5. Female flower. 6. Sepal, including the abortive stamen. 7. Trans- 
verse section of an ovary : — fig. 5 and 7 magnified. 


"Vincent Brooks Imp- 

Tab. 5031. 
vESCHYNANTHUS tricolor. 

Three-coloured ^Eschy nan thus. 

Nat. Orel. Cyrtandrace*:. — Didynamia Angiospermia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx tubulosus, 5-dentatus, 3-fidus vel 5-partitus, subsequalis 
aut subbilabiatus. Corolla infundibuliforinis, tubo subincurvo ad faucem am- 
phato, limbo obtuse trilobo irregulari subbilabiato. Stamina 4-5, inclusa, 2-3 
sterilia, minima, 2 fertilia; antheris crassis, loculis parallelis. Stigma obtusum 
aut etnarginatum. Bacca oblonga aut ovata, corticata, bilocularis, septi lobis in 
margine revoluto seminiferis. Semina plurima, nuda, saepe foveata aut punctata.— 
ouffrutices aut herba?, caule erecto aut procumbente. Folia opposita, nunc aqualia, 
nunc altera abortivo pseudo-alterna. Mores fasciculati aut capitati aut solita)ii, 
axillares, bracteati. Corolla? purpurea (coccinea), alba, rarius flarescentes, imo 
lutea. Be Cand. 

-&SCHYNANTHUS tricolor; seandens radicans subpubescens, ramis herbaceis 
teretibus, foliis brevi-petiolatis oppositis ovatis acutiusculis carnosis aveniis, 
umbellis petiolatis paucifloris (2-3) ebracteatis, floribus villoso-glandulosis, 
calyeis tubo brevi brevi-subeequaliter 5-lobis, corollas limbo valde obliquo 
longitudine tubi bilabiato coccineo flavo nigroque lineato, lobis subaequalibus 
ovatis, staminibus styloque corollse longitudine. 

For the introduction of living plants of this most lovely JEschy- 
nanthus, and for the opportunity of figuring it, we are indebted to 
Mr. Low, of the Clapton Nursery, who imported the species from 
Borneo. We are so fortunate as to possess dried specimens from 
the same country, gathered by Mr. Thomas Lobb. It is extremely 
different from any described jfischynanthm, and is well suited 
to ornament basket-work suspended to the roof in a moist stove. 
The branches droop considerably, and the flower-stalks, though the 
umbels are pendent, have an upward curvature, which adds con- 
siderably to the gracefulness and elegance of the species. 

Descr. A smallish plant, at least flowering readily when of 
a small size; the branches rather long, disposed to climb or 
to hang down over the edge of a pot or basket, scandent natu- 
rally, and rooting from between the opposite leaves, terete, slightly 
downy. Leaves about an inch long, on short petioles, opposite, 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1858. 

exactly ovate, slightly acuminated but not sharp at the apex, 
a little dowi uillv at the edge ami beneatn, quite entire. 

Um6eb of lew flow* i ami terminal, solitary. Pe- 

d"" fc, defined. Pedicels slender, and with an "upward 

curvature, so that the flowers become erect These are verjf 
beautiful and richly coloured. ihort, enp-ehaped rather 

than tubular, red, the edge cut into fire, erect, nearly equal, 
rounded lobes, villous with dander hairs tipped with minute 
glands. Corolla an inch and a half to two inches long, scarlet, 
streaked with bright-yellow and black, glanduloso-hirsute ; tube 
rather short, curved, nearly thrice ss long as the short calyx, 
gibbous on the anterior >\dc ; limb very oblique, about as long 
as the tube, bilabiate; upper lip of one, lower of three, ovate 
concave spreading segments, fi four, didvnamous, meet- 

ing at the apex of the upper lip of the corolla, where the anthers 
combine. Ovary linear, cylindrical, downy, arising from the 
centre of a very large hemispherical, depn BB< d gland. Stigma 
obscurely two-lipped. 

Fig. 1. Ovary. 2. Calyx .—magnified. 


Tab. 5032. 

CATTLEYA luteola, 
Citron-coloured Cattleya. 

Nat. Ord. Orchide^;. — Gynaxdria Moxaxdria. 
Gen. Cfutr. (Fide supra, Tab. 4700.) 

Cattleya luteola ; parva, rhizoraate ropente ramoso, pseudobulbis fasciculat 
ovalibus oblongisve deinutn sulcatis, foliis solitariis oblongo-ellipticis car- 
noso-coriaceis crassis apice eraarginatis, peduncnlis vaginalis solitariis plu- 
rifloris, floribus parvis luteolis, ovario pedunculiformi rectiusculo, sepalis 
petalisque conforraibus patentibus oblongo-lanceolatis subflexuosis obtusis, 
labello perianthii lougitudine trilobo intus velutino, lobis lateralibus elon- 
gatis incurvis columnam utritique dentatam involventibus, intermedio 
rotundato crispato ciliato-denticulato. 

Cattleya luteola. Lindl. in Gard. Chron. 1853, p. 774. Sekhenb. fil. Xenia, 
p. 209. t. 83. 

Cattleya modesta, Meyer ; C. Meyeri, Regel ; and C. flavida^ Klotzsch, accord- 
ing to Reiclienbachjil. 

Received from the collection of Messrs. Rollison, Tooting 
Nursery, and I am indebted to Dr. Lindley for the above refer- 
ences and synonyms. As a species it is very unlike any with 
which I am acquainted. In colour it approaches the much more 
beautiful Cattleya citrina, but in scarcely any other character. 
It flowered with the Messrs. Rollison in November, 1857, and 
is known to be a native of Brazil. 

Descr. Our plant lias an annulated branched rhizome, 
about as thick as a duck's quill, sending down from beneath a 
few thick fleshy fibres, and upwards, from the short branches, 
elliptical, quite smooth and compressed psei'dobulbs, which bear 
one leaf, and while young are enveloped in a large, sheathed, 
membranous, striated, sheathing scale, these increase in age, and 
eventually become oblong, nearly terete and sulcated. Leaf 
about three inches long, thick, succulent, dark-green, elliptical, 
veinless, with a deep notch at the apex. From the base of this 
leaf, at the top of the pseudobulb, arises the peduncle, scarcely 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1858. 

two inches long, e n ve lo pe d entmU in ■ compressed membrana- 
ceous sheath, slit open on one >ide. f*>nr- or the- or more flow- 
ered. 1 mon-yeUow, rataD for the genus. 

Sepals and petals unifunn, an inch and a half to two inches ;it 
the most long, oblong-lanceolate, obtnse, a little waved, all 
spread;: p about as long as the tegmenta of the perianth, 

thn ■:. velvety within, the side-lobes elongated, incurved, 

meeting over the column, and forming a kind of tube ; the ter- 
minal lobe broad, almost orbicular, crisped and ciliato-dentate at 
the edge. ColtMM much shorter than the lip, concealed within it, 
semiterete, with a wing or broad tooth at each margin above. 
Anther-case sunk into the clinandrium. Fo8e*-masse* as in the 
genus, each pair with a short vauda. 

Fig. 1. Lij>. t. Column. 3. Pollui-masaea : — magnified. 

Snceiit fiiooks Imf 

Tab. 5033. 
COLLETIA cruciata. 

Cross-spined Colletia. 

Nat. Ord. Rhamne*:.— Pentandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx membranaceus, cainpanulatus v. tubulosus, limbi quinque- 
fidi laciniis ovatis, suberectis ; disco annulari, supra fundum tubi adnato, margine 
integro involute Corolla nulla. Stamina 5, inter lacinias calycis summo tubo 
rarius demissius inserta ;jilamenta filiformia, ad tubi fundum decurrentia. Anthera? 
reniformes, loculis apice confluentibus, uniloculares, hippocrepicse, rima arcuata, 
bivalves. Ovarium liberum, globosum, triloculare. Ovula in loculis solitaria, e 
basi erecta, anatropa. Stylus filiformis, simplex, calycis tubum sequans. Stigma 
obsolete trilobum. Fructus siccus, spbaericus, calycis basi circumscissa libera vel in- 
ferne vix adhserente stipatus, trilocularis, tricoccus ; coccis crustaceis, secedentibus, 
bivalvibus, monospermis. Setnina erecta, ovata ; testa crustacea, lsevissima ; raphe 
introrsum laterali. Embryo albuminis carnosi flavi strato tenui tectus, orthotropus ; 
cotyledonibus maxiinis, carnosis, planis; radicula brevissima infera. — Suffrutices 
Peruani et Chilenses, ramosissimi, subaphyUi; ramis decussatim oppositis, divaricate ,- 
ramulis spinescentibus, interdum foliaceo-dilatatis ; foliis nullis v. minutisswus, 
oppositis, integerrimis ; floribus axillaribus, fasciculatis v. infra spinarum basin sitts, 
uutantibus, albidis v. albido-roseis. Endl. 

Colletia cruciata ; fruticosa, ramis viridibus cauleque spinis magnis ovato- 
triangularibus lateraliter compressis acutissimis horridis, folus ranssimis 
minutis ellipticis deciduis, floribus lateralibus solitariis fasciculatisve. 

Colletia cruciata. Hook, et Am. in Hook. Bot. Miscel. 1830, p. 152. 

Colletia Bictoniensis. Lindl. in Journ. Hort. Soc. v. 5. p. 31 (with woodcut, 

" This, one of the most singular among the many curious plants 
in Dr. Gillies' rich collection from South America, was gathered 
during a hasty visit from his ship to the shores oi the tfanaa 
Oriental, near Maldonado. It may be considered as a shruo 
whose stem and branches are constituted of a mass oi opposite 
decussated and decurrent, large, laterally compressed sp™** ° r 
the same dull-green colour as the central portion that •W™™™' 
and equally woody; their tips are darker-coloured, ^tnnes 
brown, and very pungent. If the fascicle of flowers appears ; from 
any point except that of the base of a spine, it is either at the 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1858. 

extremity or below some slight swelling, and is indicate 
new spine which is about to appear. The leaves ire bo ran, that 
upon the dried specimens only one could be found, and that 
upon one of the youngest branches. The form and structure of 
the flowers are very similar to those of CoBetia / /•■ . " I laving 
thus published, twenty-eight years ago, my views of the general 
structure of this remarkable 'plant from native specimens, and 
alluded to no specific affinity with C. *pinosa (also described in 
the same Memoir), it can hardly be expected I should concur 
in the extraordinary transformation represented to Dr. Lindley 
as having occurred at Bicton Park, Sidmouth, bv the intelligent 
gardener to Lady Rolle, Mr. James Barnes, viz', in the rearing 
of C. cruciate from seed of ('. spiaosa. Let it be recollected, that 
" when Sir Philip Egerton first saw this plant at Bicton Gardens, 
and made inquiries of Mr. Barnes respecting it, the latter had 
quite forgotten its origin; but he had since a perfect recol- 
lection, and was reminded by the foreman of the Arboretum. 
that it was a seedling raised from C. spinosa." It is noways dis- 
creditable to Mr. Barnes to infer that the latter Mew may be 
erroneous, and that it is a plant which, through some channel 
or other, was directly received from the eastern (and not the 
western) side of South America, where I believe C. sptnomnem 
occurs. It would require experiments of the most confirmed and 
satisfactory kind to show that this and C. spinas* (equally faith- 
fully figured by Dr. Lindley, Journ. Hort. Soc. 1. c. p. $0, wood- 
cut) were one and the same species. We cultivate them both 
at Kew: one the Chilian species, C. ipinom, is perfectly hardy, 
and flowers without shelter; while our present plant will only 
succeed under the shelter of a wall, and never flowers. In De- 
vonshire it is different. We have received the most beautiful 
specimens reared by Mr. Veitch, in Devonshire, and from these 
our figure is taken. The flowers, at first sight, much resemble 
moseot some Encaceous plant, and have quite a waxv appearance. 
Uescr. A shrub three to four feet high, copiously branched, 
the whole as it were made up of large, ovate-triangular, opposite 
and decussate, latera fly compressed, green, vet woody, very pun- 
g^t^^ singularly decurrent at the base. Here and there, 
cmefly on the younger branches or small terminal spines, an op- 
posite pair of minute, elliptical, serrated leaves are to be seen; 
but these soon fall away. From the base of the spines thejfower* 
Wn V n Ft P eduncle8 > s <*tary or fasciculate, two to four 
STn !t fK S T 6 P ° iri i' droo P in g> yellowish-white, tinged with 
green a he base. Perianth single (calyx), the tube cylindrical, 

in Ivt T ] tll l the base > wbere there is a little difference 

is\,W^ !f dlff f rence terminates where the curious annulus 

situated, and which is characteristic of the genus Cottetia; this 

forms a ring within, above the base of the perianth, is fleshy, 
and singularly involute ; limb of five, narrow ovate segments, 
hooked at the points. The.ovary is small, half sunk into the base 
of the perianth, three-celled, each cell with one ovule. Style 
terete, as long as the tube of the perianth. Stigma three-lobed. 

Pig. 1. Flower. 2. Flower laid open to show the interior, the annnlus, 
style, and stamens. 3. Base of the flower cut through vertically. 4. Base of 
the disc. 5, 6. Leaf: — magnified. 


"Vincent Brooke 

Tab. 5034. 
GAULTHERIA discolor. 

Two-coloured Gaultheria. 

Nat. Ord. Erice^. — Decandria Mokogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx quinquelobus, demum ampliatus, plus minus baccatus et 
capsulam ambiens aut fovens. Corolla ovata, ore saepe contracta, 5-dentata. 
Stamina 10, inclusa ; filamentis saepe villosis; anthem 4-aristatis, nempe apice 
bitidis, locuhs biaristatis rarissime muticis. Stylus fiUformis. Stigma obtusum 
Squama hypogyna 10, distinctae aut concretae. Capsula depresso-globosa, 5-lo- 
culans, 5-sulcatis, 5-valvis ; valvis septiferis, loculicidis, dehiscentibus. Placenta 
axi adnatae. Semina plurima, parva, testa subreticulata.— Frutices aut rarius 
arbuscuke, ex America, rarius ex India, orti. Folia alterna, sempervirentia, den- 
tata aut integerrima. Pedicelli nunc axillares, l-flori, nunc in racemum termi- 
nalem dispositi, bibracteolati. Corollas alba rosea aut coccinea. Be Cand. 

Gaultheria discolor ; ramulis glabratis, foliis obovato-lanceolatis acuminatis 
subserratis subtus argenteis, nervis paucis margine subparallelis, racemis bre- 
vibus 6-8-floris, pedicellis ciliatis bracteolatis, bracteolis parvis oblongis 
acutis, sepalis ovatis acutis ciliolatis, coroll33 fauce barbata, lobis roseis, 
filamentis setulosis, antheris apice bicuspidatis, ovario villoso, disco 10-den- 

Gaultheria discolor. Nuttall, MSS. 

A very elegant little species, discovered in the temperate regions 
of the Bhotan Himalaya by Mr. Booth, and raised by our inde- 
fatigable friend Mr. Nuttall, of Nutgrove, near Rainhill, Lan- 
cashire. Its nearest ally is the common Himalayan G. fragran- 
tissima, from which, as from all its allies, the beautiful silvery 
under surface of the leaves at once distinguishes it. 

A small, almost glabrous, shrub. Branches rather slender, 
angled. Leaves about an inch long, shortly petioled, obovate- 
lanceolate, remotely and sharply but not deeply serrate, acuminate, 
narrowed at the base, dark-green above, silvery-white beneath. 
Nerves few, springing from near the base of the midrib and run- 
ning nearly parallel to the margin of the leaf. Bacemes short, 
axillary, few-flowered, much shorter than the leaves. Flowers 
small, crowded, shortly pedicelled, about one-third of an inch 

f'EBHLARY 1st, 1858. 

long. Calyx, bracteoles and j>etlictls white. Corolla white, with 
bright-pink lobes, hairy at the mouth and base of the lobes. 
Filaments ciliated with stiff setae. Anther-lobe* raucronate at 

the tip. Ovary villous. 

Fig. 1. Flower, pedicels, and bracts. 2. Stamen. 3. Pistil. 4. Immature 
fruit : — all magnified. 


2 m 

l&ioent3ro<i s 

Tab. 5035. 


Fragant Pilumna. 

Nat. Ord. Orchide.£. — Gynandria Monandria. 

Gen. Char. Ovarium tricostatum. Sepala et peiala sequalia, patula, oblique 
inserts. Labellum basi columnse adnatum, subintegrum, orbiculatura, convo- 
lutum, inappendiculatum. Columna clavata, teres. Clinandrium cucullo dentato 
membranaceo circurndatum ; furcis duabus carnosis semiclausum. Stigma ver- 
ticals Pollinia 2, postice fissa, caudiculse brevi et glandulae ovatae adnata. — 
Herbae epiphytes; pscudobulbis vaginalis; foliis coriaceis; pedunculis radicalibus. 
— Genus Asparia proximum, clinandrio cucullato, columna tereti, necnon stig- 
mate verticali nee fascial: diversum. Lindl. 

1'tlgmna fragrant; folio lato oblongo racemo 2-3-floro breviore, bracteis 
lanccolatis erectis obtnsis, sepalis petalisque oblongo-lanceolatis acuminatis, 
labello oblongo apiculato subtrilobo lsevi. Lindl. 
Pilumna fatgrans. Lindl. Bot. Beg. 1844, Misc. p. 74. »• 
TmchoPIUA albida. Wendl. fit. in Beget's Gartenflora, 1854, p. 43. t. 78. 

For this charming and deliriously scented plant the Royal 
Gardens are indebted to Lady Dorothy Nevill, whose good taste 
and love of horticulture, combined with those of Mr. Nevill, 
have made Dangstein already the site of one of the best private 
gardens in England. The plant is said to be a native of Popayan, 
and discovered by Hartweg, though this has been considered (as 
Dr. Lindley says the P. laxa was stated to be, but he suspected 
erroneously) purchased at one of Mr. Skinner's sales of Guate- 
mala plants. It has borne in some gardens the name of Tncho- 
pilia albida, and such a plant is indeed figured on a reduced 
scale by M. Kegel in his < Gartenflora' above quoted Uur 
plant, we cannot doubt, is the Pilumna fragrant. The only other 
species of this genus yet known, is the P. laxa, Lindl. Hot. 
Jkg- 1846, t. 57, which has much smaller and differently co- 
loured flowers, wanting the orange spot in the labellum, and 
has a very differently formed pseudobulb. The plant flowered 
1T > great perfection in December, 1857. 

Descr. Pseudobulb oblong, four to six inches long, subterete 

FEBRUARY l9T, 1858. 

or slightly compressed, smooth, monophyllous, sheathed at the 
base with three or four large faintly striated membranaceous 
scales. Leaf oblong-lanceolate, six to eight inches long, acute, 
smooth, veinless, rather fleshy and opaque. Peduncle arising 
from the base of the pseudobulb, pendent, about a foot long, 
including the flowers : these are large, handsome, four or more 
in a bracteated raceme. Bracteas ovato-oblong, acute, wither- 
ing. Pedicels two inches long, bur* gradually passing into the 
club-shaped, three-furrowed ovary. Sepals and petals nearly 
uniform, long (two and a half to three inches), very much 
spreading, linear-lanceolate, acuminate, slightly twisted. Lip 
very large, the lower part of the claw united to the column ; the 
rest involute, so as to enclose the column ; from the claw the 
limb suddenly expands so as to be very large, almost orbicular, 
obscurely three-lobed, pure white, with an orange spot at its 
base on the disc. Column terete and club-shaped. Clinandrium 
with two rounded entire ears in front, at the back three-lobed 
and fimbriated. Anther-case operculiform. Pollen-masses two, 
with a caudicle and linear gland. 

Fig. 1. Column. 2. Pollen-masses : — magnified. 


Wjfttah del JS 


Tab. 5036. 


Cinnabar-jlowered Gesneria. 

Nat. Ord. Gesneriace^e. — Didynamia Angiospermia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4217.) 

Gesneria (§ Nfegelia) cinnabarina ; tota molliter glanduloso-pubescens, caule 
erecto, foliis cordato-rotundatis duplicato-crenatis purpureo-variegatis, pam- 
cula terminali elongata inultiflora, bracteis linearibus oblongisve mtegris 
lobatisve, pedicellis elongatis, calycis parvi lobis lato-subulatis patentibus, 
corolla rubra subtus albo-fasciata usque ad basin ventricosa, liinbi lobis 
brevibus rotundatis, labio iuferiore patente, ovario patente, disco annulan 

N^gelia cinnabarina. Linden, Snppl. de Cat. des PI. Exot. du Jard. de Brux. 
1856 (figure only, unaccompanied by description.') 

The Gesneriacea of the Royal Garden and Herbarium of Berlin 
alone, have furnished to Dr. Hansteen materials for a memoir on 
the family, which he divides into 2 tribes, 12 sub-tribes, and 68 
genera : how far it might be desirable to consider many of these 
68 sections as sub-genera rather than genera, I am not in a 
position to say. The present plant, together with the well-known 
Gesneria zebrina, would fall into his genus Nageliaoi ^his tribe 1, 
Ges/ierea, and 3rd sub-tribe, Bracliylomatece, and is distinguished 
by "Corolla oblique adnata, tubo ventre inflato, dorso recto, 
limbo inaequaliter quinquelobo, fauce late hiante. Annulus pen- 
gynus quinquecrenatus. Stigma capitatum. Rehqua ut in Oxes- 
neria." So very much does the present species resemble the 
well-known Gesneria zebrina (figured by us at Tab. 3940), that 
it might easily be passed bv as a variety of that plant, and m 
habit, size, pubescence (soft and velvety), shape of the leaves, 
and inflorescence, that our full description given under that lab 
may well enable us to dispense with a repetition here. Ihe sole 
difference is the flowers : yet even these are liable to some varia- 
tion. The calyx here has acuminated almost subulate lobes, 

march 1st, 1858. 

which spread horizontally (not short and erect). The corolla, 
though about the same size, is different in colour, being of a 
brick-red, paler beneath, and there banded with white ; the ven- 
tricose character is extended to the very base of the corolla, want- 
ing the contraction at the base of the tube, so conspicuous in 
G. zebrina. The limb is less oblique, the lower lip less porrected, 
more patent. In the figure of Linden, the upper part of the 
tube exhibits more yellow than in our plant, and that is a nearer 
approach to the G. zebrina ,• and the lobes are more acute. It 
is described as a native of the forests of Chiapas, a State of the 
Mexican Confederation which formerly belonged to Guatemala, 
where it was discovered by Ghiesbrecht. 

Fig. 1. Pistil, magnified. 

"WBtch deLetial.. 


Tab. 5037. 

DENDROBIUM pulchellum, 

Showy Dendrobium, 

Nat. Onl. Orciiide.e— Gynandria Monandria. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4755.) 

DBNDEOBIOM pulckeUum; caulibus teretibus striatis pendulis folns obbngo- 
lanceolatis subplicatis, pedunculis unifloris (racemis lateralibus stnctis mul- 
tifloris, Roxb.), bracteis brevibus ovatis obtusis, sepalis patentibus oblougis 
apiculatis, petalis patentibus sepalis triplo majoribus ovahbus obtusis stri- 
atis, labello basi obtuse brevitev calcarato unguiculato cochleanformi stnato 
villoso pulcberrime fimbriato-ciliato, ungue lobis 2-involutis. 

Dendrobium palcheUum. Boxb. FL Indica, v. 3. p. 486? Lindl. Gen. et.Sp 
Orchid, p. 82? Haul, in Maund's Botanist, t>. 1. t. 5. Loddiges, JSot. 
Cab. t. 1935. 

That this is the Dendrobium pulchellum of our gardens and of 
Maund and Loddiges, there can be no manner ot doubt Dm i 
am by no means clear about it being the D.ptdcheUum ot Rox- 
burgh and Lindley. Dr. Lindley first published the plant, a » it 
would appear, from the < Icones Pta ' and Mbb pi ui. Rox- 
burgh in the possession of the Honourable the India Company, 
but he describes the « racemes lateral, strict, and ^any-flowerea. 
Roxburgh, in the last volume of the ' Flora Indict does the same, 
as we understand his words: "Raceme lateral m "^Pf™ 
character; and in the description, "Racemes lateral, from tne 
old leafless stems or branches, diverging, flexuose, wnn oi ^ 
large pale pink flower at each of the six or eight curvaturLS ; 
Now this is totally at variance with the f^ cmC ^L^ 
plant, and with thejfeww in Maund and in Loddiges^ **"™- 
standing which the specific character and description, in Maund 
make the flowers to be in "many-flowered racemes ^ od ^ es > 
more prudently, gives neither character nor description. Jjntt- 
ley again, probably deriving his information from Jtabughs 
drawing, says: "Sepala alba; petala rosea; labellum lutescens, 

MARCH 1st, 1858. 

macula basi rubro-auraiitiaca ; " which hardly accords with the 
flowers of the Dendrobium before us. Our plant, therefore, we 
wish to be considered the I), pulchellum of the gardens ; doubt- 
fully of Roxburgh and Lindley. If the plant of these latter 
authors, it is a native of the rocks and trees in the forest of 
the Silhet hills," according to Roxburgh. 

Descr. Our plants are small, epiphytal. Stems, or leafy 
pseudobulbs, growing several from one point, more or less pen- 
dent, striated, scarcely a span long, subterete, jointed, throwing 
out radicles from different points. Leaves alternate, scarcely 
two inches long, oblong, acute, fleshy, patent, sheathing the stem 
at the base. Flowers, in our specimen solitary from the joints 
of the stem, generally from those portions where the leaves have 
fallen. Pedicels short, gradually passing into the clavate inferior 
ovary, with small appressed bracts at the base. Sepals spreading, 
equal, oblong, subacute, faintly striated, pale purple. Petals 
much larger than the sepals, oval, obtuse, striated, purple-lilac. 
Labellum large, orbicular, concave, villous, beautifully and finely 
fringed at the margin ; clawed at the base, and the claw bears 
two incurved small lobes : colour of the lip purple at the edge ; 
the disc orange, white between the orange disc and the purple 

Fig. 1. Column. 2. Pollen-masses. 3. Labellum : — magnified. 



Tab. 5038 
HYDRANGEA cyanema, 

Blue-stamened Hydrangea. 

Nat. Ord. Saxifragace^e : Tribe Hydrangea. — Decandria Trigynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4253.) 

Hydrangea cyanema; ramulis corymbosis petiolisque pubescentibus, foliis late 
ovatis grosse serrato-dentatis utrinque pubescentibus raargine ciliatis, fl. im- 
perfect, sepalis 3-5 albis cuneato-ovatis grosse sinuato-crenatis, stylis 3-5 
liberis brevibus. 

Hydrangea cyanema. Nutt. MSS. 

One of the many interesting Himalayan plants introduced by 
Mr. Nuttall from Bhotan, where it was discovered by Mr. Booth. 
As a species it is exactly intermediate in characters between the 
H. robusta, H.f. and T., and //. stylosa, H.f. and T., both natives 
of the adjoining province of Sikkim. It is indeed possible that H. 
cyanema may prove to be a variety of one of these, for the arbo- 
rescent species of Hydrangea (amongst which this no doubt will 
rank) are with difficulty recognized in a young state, and some 
of the most distinctive marks of the species reside in the capsules, 
which are in this plant not formed. //. stylosa, with which H. 
cyanema accords perfectly in habit, foliage, and the sepals of the 
imperfect flowers, differs in having very slender subulate styles ; 
and H. robusta, with which Mr. Nuttall's plant agrees in the 
colour of the peduncles, pedicels, calyx, stamens, etc., and in the 
form of the styles, is a very robust species, with broader, usually 
cordate leaves, deeply and closely toothed and fimbriated, and 
the petiole is generally winged, and the sepals of the imperfect 
flowers are acutely toothed. 

Descr. Stem apparently subscandent (as in young individuals 
of various species), pubescent, as are the leaves on both surfaces 
and inflorescence. Leaves shortly petioled, ovate, acute, coarsely 
serrato-dentate, ciliated ; petiole not winged. Corymb spreading, 
rather loose ; pedicels red. Imperfect flowers with three to five 
march 1st, 1838. 

broadly-ovate or obcuneate, sessile, white, sinuate, toothed 
sepals, faintly veined with red-purple. Perfect flowers small, 
scattered, glabrous. Petals and stamens blue. Ovary with 
three robust, recurved styles, which are free to the base. 

Kg. 1. Imperfect flower, from which the sepals have been cut away. 2. Per- 
fect flower. 3. Calyx and pistil: — magnified. 



"Vincent "Brooks Tttf- 

Tab. 5039. 
CATTLEYA Aclandi^:. 

Lady Acland's Cattleya. 

Nat. Ord. Orchide^;. — Gynandria Monandria. 
Gen. Cliar. {Vide supra, Tab. 4700.) 

Uattlbya Aclandia ; foliis ellipticis, floribus binis, sepalis petabsque herbaceis 
obovato-lanceolatis eequalibus undulatis purpureo-maculatis, labelh plam 
calvi hypochilio dilatato paulo subrepando epichilio orbiculan remformi 
emarginato. Lindl. 

Cattleya Aclandise. Lindl. Bot. Reg. v. 26. t. 48. Paxt. Mag. of Bot. v. 9. 1. 1. 
M. des Sevres, v. 1. t. 674. 

One of the handsomest of a very handsome genus, distinguished 
by Dr. Lindley with the name of the late lamented Lady Acland, 
of Killerton, Devon, by whom the plant was first introduced Irom 
Brazil, and from a drawing by her Ladyship the figure m the 
'Botanical Register' was engraved. We have since received living 
plants from Bahia through our obliging friend J. Wetnerall, 
now her B. M. Consul at Paraiba, Brazil. The flowers are 
charmingly varied in colour, and the structure of the labeilum 
departs from the usual form, constituting (with Cattleya bicolor) 
a distinct section of the genus, distinguished by the base of tue 
lip being too narrow and too spreading to cover the column. 
With us, April has been its flowering season m a warm stove 

Descr. Pseudobulbs cauliform, terete, jointed, lour to nye 
inches long, striated, branched at the base, and sheathed witn 
membranaceous snathes at the joints. Leaves two terminal 
elliptical, obtuse, thick and fleshy. From the centre of this pair 
of leaves the peduncle appears, bearing two large very handsome 
flowers. Sepals and petals uniform, spreading, two to two ana a 
quarter inches long, obovato-lanceolate, firm, fleshy, yellow-green, 
strongly spotted and blotched with dark purple on the upper or 
anterior side, much less distinctly so at the back. Up large, 
porrected, much larger than the petals or sepals, panduntorm , 

march 1st, 1858. 

the base narrow and spreading, with two lateral lobes so small 
that they do not include the column, as is usual in this genus ; 
the lip is still more contracted near the middle, whence it ex- 
pands into the broad, kidney-shaped extremity, emarginate at the 
apex : the colour of the whole is pale purple, with darker veins, 
and a yellow line on the disc. Column parallel with the lip, and, 
as it were, applied to it, obovate, dark-purple, expanding into two 
wing-like margins. Anther-case sunk between two teeth or small 
lobes of the clinandrium. Pollen-masses as in the genus. 

Fig. 1. Column. 2. Pollen-masses. 3. Lip:— all more or less magnified. 


VV.Etcti d£l.<* Kth 

Vmcent Brodks to? 

Tab. 5040. 

Pointed-leaved Eugenia. 

Nat. Ord. Myrtace^e. — Icosandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calycis tubus subglobosus, supra germen haud v. vix productus. 
Germen inferum, 2-3-loculare, multiovulatum ; ovula sporophoris ceniralibus 
affixa. Sepala 4, subrotunda, brevia, rarissime ovata v. acuta. Petala 4, margini 
tubi calycis inserta. Stamina plurima, cum petalis inserta, perigyna, libera, in 
alabastro incurvata ; antheree biloculares, longitudinaliter dehiscentes. Stylus soli- 
tarius ; stigma simplex. Fructus baccatus v. drupaceus, tunc pyrenis cartilagineis 
donatus, disco piano calyceque coronatus, 1-4-sperraus. Embryo exalbuminosus, 
carnosus; cotykdonibus' sse^issime margine v. omnino conferruminatis ; radicula 
abbreviata. Berg, in Linncea, v. 27. 

Eugenia Luma ; ramulis foliisque novellis ad petiolum costam medium et mar- 
ginem pedunculisque puberulis, foliis petiolatis rigide coriaceis ovalibus 
v. ovali-oblongis cuspidato-acuminatis basi acutis adultis glabns vix punc- 
tatis supra aveniis subtus pallidioribus venosis limbinervns, peduuculis 
axillaribus folio longioribus 1-2-nis aut omnibus 3-5-flons aut altero um- 
floro altero trifloro aut summis omnino unifloris, germine biloculan, sepalis 
subrotundis ciliolatis glabris. Berg. 

Engenia Luma. Berg, in Linnaa, v. 27. i?- 251. 

Eugenia apiculata. Be Cand. Prodr. v. 3. p. 273. Hook, et Am. Bot. Misc. 
v. Z.p. 321. CI. Gay, Fl. Chil. v. 2. p. 398. 

Mybtus Luma. Molina Chil. v. 2. p. 289. 

A charming shrub, from the open border of the nursery of 
Messrs. Veitch and Sons, who introduced the species trom omn, 
through Mr. Wm. Lobb. It is quite equal in beauty to our 
common Myrtle, and no more need be said to recommend it as 
an ornamental evergreen shrub for our gardens. It blossoms in 
the summer months, when the branches are literally loaded with 
the white blossoms, almost concealing the copious loliage ; tne 
leaves indeed are not much unlike those of the common Myrtle, 
but broader and suddenly and sharply apiculated. It rona&its 
the colder parts of Chili, from Concepcion to the island ol Omloe, 

march 1st, 1858. 

and Valdivia, and hence its hardiness may be accounted for. It 
is called " Arroyan " by the natives. 

Descr. A shrub, varying, it is said, much in size in its native 
country, from three to several feet in height, copiously branched ; 
branchlets, petioles, and veins beneath ferruginously downy. 
Leaves copious, opposite, nearly sessile, about three-fourths of an 
inch long, broad, oval, approaching to orbicular, but acute at 
the base and sharply apiculate at the point ; above, in the living 
state, distinctly pinnately veined, indistinctly so when dry ; be- 
neath paler and more obovately veined and reticulated, obscurely 
dotted, and having a marginal vein. Flowers solitary, on rather 
short peduncles, or the peduncles are branched and bear from 
three to five moderately large white flowers. These also a good 
deal resemble the common Myrtle, but the petals are larger and 
more concave. There is a pair of bracts at the base of the ovary. 
Stamens numerous. Petals four. Ovary two-celled. Cells two- 

Fig. 1. Two flower-buds and expanded flower, from which the stamens and 
petals are removed. 2. Transverse section of ovary : — magnified. 




ISncervt Brooks 3*¥ 

Tab. 5041. 
DASYLIRIUM glaucophyllum. 

Glaucous-leaved Dasylirium. 

Nat. Ord. Asparagine.&. — Dicecia Hexandria. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 5030.) 

Dasylirium glaucophyllum; caulescens, foliis longissimis e lata basi lineari- 
subulatis iusigniter glaucis apicibus integris (fasciculo fibrarum emarcidarum 
non terminatis) planiusculis striatis marginatis rigide serrulatis spinosisque, 
spinis subulatis sursura curvatis, spica longissiraa composita, spiculis seu 
racemis cylindricis copiosis dense compactis multifloris, bracteis e lata basi 
subulatis, floribus dense imbricatis masculorum filamentis longe exsertis. 

Plants of this species of Dasylirium were received at the Royal 
Gardens of Kew "at the same time with the D. acrotrichum, and 
from the same source, namely, from Mr. Repper, of Real del 
Monte ; and the same unusually warm summer which encouraged 
the blossoming of that species, no doubt had its influence on 
this, and it came to perfection at the same time. The flow- 
ering stem was about eleven feet high ; probably, as the plants 
increase in size, the flower-stem will also be larger. I regret that 
I cannot find this anywhere described, yet it has well-marked 
characters in the very glaucous hue of the more strict and rigid 
(not gracefully drooping) leaves, and in the integrity of the apices 
of the leaves, which do not break out in the tufts or pencils of 
strong fibres as they do in D. acrotrichiiw. 

Bescr. The stem of our plant, though of an arborescent cha- 
racter, is not more than a foot high, thicker than a man's arm, 
scarred with the marks of fallen leaves, and crowned at the top 
with a tuft of beautiful foliage. Leaves three feet and more long, 
spreading in all directions, but not recurved, rigid, strict, from 
a broad base linear-subulate, tapering gradually into a fine entire 
Point, that is, it does not break up at the apex into a pencil or 
tuft of rigid tough fibres ; striated, margined with a narrow 
cartilaginous edge, which is minutely serrated, and rather dis- 
tantly beset with small, subulate, falcate, very sharp spines. 

MARCH 1ST, 1858. 

From the centre of the stem arises the peduncle, which, includ- 
ing the long spike, rises ten to twelve feet : upon this peduncle, 
which is stout in proportion to its height, the leaves gradually 
pass into subulate bracts, which become as though one higher 
up in the compound spike. Male Plant: Spike yellow. 
Flowers very dense on the spikelets, small, each of six, obovate, 
retuse, erect sepals, greenish-white, streaked with red at the tip. 
Stamens six, large. Filaments much exserted. Anthers oblong, 
yellow, large. Abortive ovary three, small, conical bulbs on the 
disc. — A few of the flowers proved to be female : ovary obcor- 
date, three-lobed, abortive in our plant. 

Fig. 1. Plant, greatly reduced in size. 2. Apex of a leaf, nat. size. 3. Up- 
per portion of a male spike, nat. size. 4. Portion of a leaf. 5. Male flower. 
6. ^Abortive pistil. 7. Ovary from a female flower : — magnified. 

504 Z 

"WTEdtek deL etlitk 


Tab. 5042. 
CALANTHE Dominii (hybrida). 

Hybrid Calanthe. 

Nat. Ord. Obchide^;. — Gynandria Monandria. 

Gen. Char. Perianthiuvi explanatura, liberum v. sepalis lateralibus labello 
paululum adnatis, subaequale. LaieUum cum columna connatum, lobatum v. 
integrum, calcaratum v. muticum, disco lamellatum v. tuberculatum. Columna 
brevis, rostello sa?pius rostrato. Pollinia 8, basi valde attenuata, quaternatim 
glandulae bipartibili adhaerentia. — Terrestres, scapis erectis multifioris. Folia lata, 
plicata. Flores alii aut lilacini, raro lutei. Lindl. 

Calanthe Dominii; hybrid between C.furcata and C. Masuca. 
Calanthe Dominii. Lindl. in Gard. Citron. 1858. p. 4. 

Calanthe Mamca, Lindl., a purple-flowered species, is figured 
at our Tab. 4541. Calanthe furcata is a species described by 
Mr. Bateman (Bot. Reg. 1838, Misc. 34), chiefly differing from 
C. veratrifolia (a white-flowered kind, see our figure, Tab. 
2615) in the larger size of the lateral lobes of the lip. Of the 
plant now under consideration, which was reared in the Exotic 
Nursery of Mr. James Veitch, jun., King's Road, Chelsea, and 
exhibited to Dr. Lindley, that gentleman remarks : " One might 
have said that the flowers were just intermediate (between the 
two now mentioned) in all respects. He would have consi- 
dered it either as a purple-flowered C. furcata, or as a fork- 
spurred, small-flowered C. Mamca. Had hybrids been sus- 
pected to occur among Orchids, the plant would have been pro- 
nounced a cross,— and such it was." It is on this account that 
we figure so interesting a plant here, and for the sake of intro- 
ducing Dr. Lindley's further remarks upon it, and of securing 
to Mr. Dominy the right of priority in the difficult operation ot 
rearing hybrid Orchids. AT . 

"It appears that it had been raised in the Exeter Nursery by 
Air. Dominy, Messrs, Veitch's indefatigable and very intelligent 

APRIL 1st, 1858. 

foreman, between C. Masuca and C. /areata. The seed was ob- 
tained in 1854 by crossing those two species, was immediately 
sown, and in two years the seedlings were in floicer. Nor is it 
the least remarkable circumstance connected with this produc- 
tion, that it grows and flowers freely, while C. Masuca is a shy 
plant. We therefore propose, with much pleasure, that the 
name of the hybrid be Calanthe Dominii, in order to put upon 
permanent record the name of the first man who succeeded in 
this operation. He is indeed especially entitled to this distinc- 
tion, not only in consequence of having produced other Orchida- 
ceous mules, among which we understand our Cattleyas, but be- 
cause of his eminent success in raising such plants from seed, as 
a matter' of horticultural business. 

" It is by no means our intention, in making the last remark, 
to claim for Mr. Doininy the merit of being the first gardener 
to raise seedling Orchids. On the contrary, about the year 
1822, Prescotia plantayinea was raised abundantly in the garden 
of the Horticultural Society; and it has been rumoured for some 
time that seedling epiphytes are coming forward in certain Conti- 
nental nurseries . What we do claim for him is therefore the 
priority in raising hybrid Orchids, a claim which will hardly be 
contested." — Lindl. in Gard. Chron. 

Fig. 1. Lip and portion of the spur. 2. Pollen-masses : — magnified. 


Tab. 5043. 

NIPHiEA albo-lineata; var. reticulata. 

White-lined Niphcca ; reticulated var. 

Xat. Ord. Gesneriacejs — Didynamia Angiospermia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx seraisuperus, aequalis, 5-partitus. Corolla rotata, subsequahs ; 
laciniis superioribus paulo minoribus et magis connatis. Stamina inclusa, libera, 
conniventia ; 4 fertilia subaequalia, antkeris glabris ovatis ; quintum sterile, car- 
nosum, corolla dorso suo adnatum, deforme. Glandule perigynm 0. Ovarium 
uniloculare, placeatis didymis polvspermis. Stigma simplex.— Herbs Ramondise 
cujusdam caulescente facie ; foliis 'rngosis in verticillum approximate; flonous ax- 
Marious terminalibusque aggregate, candidis. Lindl. 

Niph^a albo-lineata; hirsuta, foliis oppositis lineis albis pictis, internodns 
elongatis, segmentis calyciuis rotundatis tuboque hispidis. 

NiPHiEA albo-lineata. Hook. Bot. Mag. t. 4282. Hanstein in Linnaa, v. 27. p. 

Var. reticulata; foliis remotis albo-rcticulatis, pedunculis tit axillis pluribus quasi 
verticillatis. (Tab. Nostk. 5043.) 

The original species of Nip haa, as figured and described ^ 
Dr. Lindley, I.e.! had the few pairs of leaves so approximate as 
to appear whorled in fours on the upper part of the stem, ai 
peduncles seemed to arise from the apex of the plant ; in > 

were terminal. In our N. albo-lineata, given at lab. W*, 
Pairs of leaves are rather remote, but the upper ones aie s sc 
crowded as still .to appear to be all terminal; m our pres 
plant, which we take to be a variety of, but larger and hand 
somer than that species, the pairs of leaves are still mow remo * 
^d the peduncles show themselves to be in whorls o latter 
pseudo-whorls, from the axils of the distant pairs ot leaves. 
*ay be the effect of cultivation, but the character of ^ he plan :i 
thereby improved. The variegated foliage is as conspicuous nere 
f in the original albo-lineata, but the lines anastomo e so ^ ato 
** at least partially reticulated. Hanstein has made a variety 
of JV. albo-lineata, which he calls fi reticulata, "nerv* omnibus 
albo-reticulata;" and to this he refers the N. argyronema 

APRIL 1st, 1858. 

Planchon and Linden, "H. des Serres, 8. 823. p. 201," and 
also N. anoschtockUifolia of Warsz. MSS., under which name we 
received our plant from Berlin. Indeed, except the variegated 
leaves and smaller flowers, there is scarcely any tangible specific 
difference between the two. The humbler growth of the original 
species, giving it a good deal the appearance of Itamondia, as 
the author correctly observes, was due probably to imperfect cul- 

Fig. 1. Corolla laid open. 2. Pistil; the greater part of the ovary incor- 
porated with the very hispid calyx-tube : — magnified. 


"Yrncertt Brooke lorp- 

Tab. 5044. 


Rose-Jlowered Camellia. 

Nat. Ord. Ternstrcemiace.e. — Monadelphia Polyandria. 
Gen. Char. {Fide supra, Tab. 2745.) 

Camellia rosceflora ; ramis patentibus glabris, foliis ovatis acuminatis argute 
serratis subcoriaceis glabris, floribus axillaribus solitariis dedinatis, pedun- 
culis brevissimis bracteatis, petalis obcordato-emarginatis, ovario styloque 
glaberrimis, stigmatibus elougatis. 

This really handsome Camellia has been long cultivated in the 
Royal Gardens of Kew under the incorrect name of " Camellia 
euryoides, Lindl.," a very peculiar species, first figured and de- 
scribed by Dr. Lindley : the history of which is, that it was "a 
stock on which the Chinese graft their varieties of Camellia Ja- 
ponica. The grafted portion of a Camellia brought from China 
for the Horticultural Society by Potts, in 1822, having died, the 
stock sprang up and produced this plant. The same having 
again befallen a Camellia brought home for the Society in 1824, 
by Mr. J. D. Parks, this plant again shot forth." Strange to say, 
nothing further is known of the original C. euryoides, and no 
systematic botanist, that I am aware of, has ever further noticed 
it. Our present plant, of which I know not the history, is quite 
different from this, more robust in habit, glabrous even in the 
young shoots, much larger in the flowers, which are pink-coloured. 
In some respects this approaches the C assimihs, Champ., in 
Hook. Kew Gard. Misc. v. 3. p. 310, and Seemann, Bot. ot 
H.M.S. Herald ; but there the flowers are solitary and terminal, 
the stigma is small and obscurely three-lobed, the pistil very 
hairy, as are all the free filaments of the stamens. 

Bescr. Our plant is a shrub, three feet high, with a raucn 
more lax and straggling habit than that of the common Camellia 
Japonica. Branches rather twiggy, patent, clothed with a brown, 
quite smooth bark. Leaves ovate, acuminate, shortly petiolate, 

APRIL 1st, 1858. 

firm, subcoriaceous, dark glossy-green, strongly serrated at the 
margin, the base and acumen entire, rarely plane, slightly convex 
above, a little waved, the apex obtuse. Flowers axillary, soli- 
tary or rarely two together, opening in succession from the 
upper ones downwards, sessile or nearly so, appearing more 
decidedly sessile from the fact of the short peduncle being clothed 
with imbricated scales, white or a little silky at the back, small, 
at the base oval, gradually enlarging upwards till they pass into 
the imbricated lobes of the calyx. Flowers much larger than 
those of C. Sasangua, and much smaller than the ordinary size of 
C. Japonica. Petals generally six, of a clear, full pink or rose- 
colour, obcordate, but tapering so as to be cuneate at the base, 
and there slightly united in two series, imbricated, never fully 
patent, almost forming a tube below ; the upper part more or 
less patent, the apex retuse or emarginate. Stamens not very 
numerous (twenty-five to thirty) ; filaments united in their lower 
half into a firm, fleshy tube. Anthers small, yellow. Ovary sub- 
globose, quite glabrous. Style nearly as long as the stamens, 
stout, tripartite at the apex, with three long stigmata. 

Fig. 1. Pistil, magnified. 

JO 4-5. 

WBtch M.etMk 

Vincent Bro3« £z? 

Tab. 5045. 
PENTSTEMON Jaffrayanus. 

Mr. Jaffrays Pentstemon. 


Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4318.) 

Pentstemon Jaffrayanus ; perennis erectus glaber glaucus, foliis omnino inte- 
gerrimis, radicalibus spathulatis in petiolum brevem attenuatis, intermediis 
oblongo-ellipticis, supremis sensim minoribus sessilibus bracteisque cordato- 
ovatis, floribus pseudo-verticillatim paniculatis majusculis, calycis lobis late 
ovatis acutis, corolla? pulcberrime cgerulese basi fauceque rubrae limbo bila- 
biato, filamento sterili elongato imberbi. 

My first knowledge of this lovely and hardy species of Pent- 
stemon was derived from Mr. Jaffray's collections made at Clear 
Creek, North California, in 1853 (n. 1116 of his specimens). 
Seeds were at the same time sent home by him ; but I know not 
if they ever germinated. Messrs. Veitch and Sons, of Exeter, 
and King's Road, Chelsea, have been more fortunate with Cali- 
fornian seeds of the same species they received from Mr. William 
Lobb; and in August, 1857, I had the pleasure to receive living 
specimens here represented. The P. speciosus, Douglas and 
Lindley (Bot. Reg. p. 1270), from the Strahan River, North- 
west America, is perhaps its nearest affinity, from which it is 
abundantly distinct, and is certainly more beautiful,— for there 
is that mixture in the corolla which is so unusual, viz. of bright 
blue and red, of which however we have an example in the 
Buglosses and some other Boragineous plants. This plant will 
assuredly form an interesting addition to our hardy herbaceous, 
and especially " bedding-out " plants. It continues to produce 
a succession of flowers in the summer months. 

Descr. Boot perennial. Stems erect, branching only below, 
about a foot high, young ones tinged with red, glabrous, as is 
every part of the plant. Leaves all very glaucous, entire ; lower 
leaves spathulate, especially the root-leaves, and tapering below 

APRIL 1st, 1858. 

into a short petiole ; intermediate ones oblong-elliptical, rather 
obtuse, not the least attenuated at the base, quite sessile, thence 
upwards they gradually become smaller and proportionally 
broader, ovato-cordate or cordate and quite sessile, acute. Bracts 
and bracteoles resembling these leaves, only still smaller. Panicle 
terminal. Peduncles opposite, two- or three- or more flowered ; 
flowers moderately large and spreading, and thus pseudo-verti- 
cillate. Calyx short, of five deep, broad, ovate, acute, somewhat 
imbricated lobes, the apices patent. Corolla an inch and a 
quarter long, rich blue, red at the base and at the faux. Limb 
bilabiate, upper of two, lower of three, rounded spreading lobes. 
Stamens four, perfect, didynamous ; anthers deep red. Sterile 
filaments almost as long as the perfect ones, beardless. Ovary 
narrow ovate. Style as long as the stamens. Stigma obtuse. 

Fig. 1. Stamens. 2. Pistil : — magnified. 


"WJfitm del.etlttk. 

"Wuoem, Brooks Imp. 

Tab. 5046. 


Grass-leaved Kefersteinia. 

Nat. Ord. Orchidejs. — Gynandria Monandria. 

Gen. Char. Kefersteinia, Reichb. fil. Perigonii subpatuli sepala ac petala 
{tepala, Reichb.) oblongo-lanceolata, acuta, submembranacea. Sepala retrorsum 
oblique inserta. Labellum cum gynostemii pede producto articulatum, flabellatum 
seu rhombeum, cucullatum, basi callosum ; callo laminate-, foveato. Gynostemium 
semiteres, apice clavatum, rectum, marginibus lateralibus alatum, angulatum. 
Androclinium perpendiculare, ellipticum, immarginatum, apice rotundatum, ros- 
telli tridentati dente medio subulato majore. Stigma lineare, transversum. Crista 
longitudinalis a stigmatis labio inferiori ad medium gynostemium (certe stamino- 
dium ent.). Pollinia pyriformia, papyracea, excavatula, per paria incumbentia, 
yalde inaequalia, in caudicula obtusa ligulata, superne angulata, glandula oblonga 
infra adnata subaequilonga. Reichb. fil. 

Kefersteinia graminea ; labello transverso rhombeo apice retuso dimidio ante- 
riori denticulato seu lacero fimbriato, callo rhombeo seu triangulo antice 
bilobo seu paucidentato a basi discum versus. Reich, fil. 

Kefersteinia graminea. Reichb. fil. in " V. Mold, u. v. Schlecht. Bot. Zeit. x. 
634." Jen. Orchid, f. 67. t. S5. B./. 2-11. 

Zygopetalum gramineum. Lindl. Rot. Reg. 1844, Misc. p. 15. 

This curious Orchid was not known in cultivation when Dr. 
Lindley named and described it as Zygopetalum gramineum. It 
is from Popayan, on the west side of the Andes, where it was dis- 
covered by Hartweg, and it has since been found in the Caraccas 
by Linden, Funcke, and Schlim. We derived our plant from the 
Imperial Gardens of St. Petersburg, and we learn that it exists 
in gardens under the name of " Huntleya fimbriata" Three 
species of the genus are described by Reichenbach fil. 

Descr. Pseudobulbs none. The leaves rise directly from the 
root, and are about a span long, erect or spreading in a fan- 
shaped manner, lanceolate, moderately acuminated, faintly stri- 
ated, carinated below, and jointed on to the compressed and 
conduplicate, equitant, sheathing bases. Peduncles also radical, 
springing from below the leaves, three to five, in a clustered 
manner, slender, almost filiform, weak, two to three inches long, 

APRIL 1st, 1858. 

flexuose, single-flowered, bracteated at the base, with a solitary 
bract near the middle, and a pair of opposite bracts beneath the 
single flower. Before expansion the peduncle almost rests on 
the ground, rising up (but never erect) as the flower expands. 
This flower is of a dirty -yellow colour, more or less copiously 
spotted with deep rich brown, the sepals and petals the palest, 
the large lip of tjje deepest colour ; the whole reminds one very 
much of the colouring, and indeed somewhat of the shape, of a 
large Aranea diadema. Sepals and petals spreading horizontally, 
oblong-lanceolate, uniform, except that the petals are rather nar- 
rower, lip broad oval: it can scarcely be said to be three- 
lobed ; it is gibbous at the base beneath, concave in the centre 
above, the upper half suddenly bends downwards, and is emargi- 
nate at the apex, the edge crisped and minutely denticulate : at 
the base above is a large, four-lobed, fleshy gland (spotted like 
the rest of the lip), and, in our specimen, shaped somewhat like 
a butterfly with the wings expanded. Column elongated, semi- 
terete, carinated in front, the sides and carina unidentate near 
the middle ; the back is slightly downy. Anther in face of the 
column. Pollen-masses four, club-shaped, attached to a trian- 
gular gland. 

Fig. 1. Labellum. 2. Column and anther. 3. Pollen-masses -.—magnified. 


TOitdK afiL.aOith 

itBrMks Imp 

Tab. 5047. 

BEGONIA Wageneriana. 

Mr. Wageners Begonia. 

Nat. Ord. BegoniacejE.— Moncecia Polyandria. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4172.) 

Begonia Wageneriana; caule tereti erecto ramoso glaberrimo, foliis valde obli- 
que ovatis acuminatis sinuatis hinc serratis, petiolo foliis subdimidio bre- 
viore, stipulis magnis oblongis obtusis apice longe mucronatis, pedunculis 
axillaribus longissimis, panicula multiflora dichotoroe cymosa, floribus parvis 
albis, masculis tetrasepalis, foemineis pentasepalis, capsulae alis duabus bre- 
vibus obtusis, tertia elongato-triangulari. 

Moschkowitzia Wageneriana. Klotzsch, Begon. p. 76. 

This may possess less beauty than many of the extensive 
genus Begonia, yet the deep yellow-green of the foliage, the rich 
colouring of the petioles and peduncles, and the very nume- 
rous, white, starry flowers, yellow in the centre, renders it a de- 
sirable inmate of the stove, and it continues blossoming tor a 
long time in the early spring and summer. It is a native ot 
Venezuela, and was introduced by Mr. Wagener to the Royal 
Botanic Gardens, Berlin, whence our plants have been derived 

Descr. Plant wholly glabrous. Stem erect, two and a halt to 
three feet high, terete, somewhat zigzag, pale greenish-brown. 
Leaves five to six inches and more long, cordato-ovate, subialcate, 
very unequally sided, subpeltate, acuminate, yellowish-green, paler 
beneath, one (the largest) side subangulato-smuate at the margin 
the other side and the acuminated apex serrated, veins prominent 
beneath. Petioles red, terete, erect, about half the length ot the 
leaf. Stipules caducous, nearly an inch long, membranous ob- 
long, with a rather long mucro at the point. Peduncles axillary, 
very long, red, terete, succulent, bearing a much di-tricnoto- 
mously branched cymose panicle of numerous small white/o^m, 
sterile and fertile on different cymes. Sterile flowers ot tour, 
spreading, rather obtuse, white sepals. Stamens numerous, very 

APRIL 1st, 1858. 

compact, linear, yellow, collected into a nearly sessile globose head 
or ball. Fertile flowers of five, white, ovate, acute sepals, rather 
smaller than the sterile ones. Capsule obconical, with three un- 
equal wings ; two short, obtuse, and slightly denticulate ; the third 
thrice as long, triangular, obtuse. 

Fig. 1. Capsule, not quite mature, magnified. 2. Portion of a cyme, with 
sterile flowers, nat. size. 3. Sterile flower, magnified. 


Tab. 5048. 

CATTLEYA granulosa. 

Rouyh-lipped Cattleya. 

Nat. Ord. Orchide^. — Gynandria Monandria. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 2700.) 

Cattleya granulosa ; caidibus teretibus diphyllis, foliis oblougo-lanceolatis ob- 
tusis, petalis obovato-spathulatis undulatis obtusissimis, labello cucullalo 
tripartito, laciniis lateralibus semiovatis intermedia siuu lato divulsa, ungue 
sequilatero laevi lamina rotundata plicata granulosa denticulata. Lindl. 

Cattleya granulosa. Lindl. Bot. Reg. 1842, v. 28. 1. 1. 

ft. Russelliana ; foliis ovatis, pedunculis trifloris, floribus multo majoribus, petalis 
magis lanceolatis, labello ungue angustiore. Lindl. Bot. Reg. 1845, v. 31. 
t. 50. 

Even a quarto plate scarcely suffices to do justice to a well- 
grown specimen of this noble Cattleya. Hartweg was the first 
to bring the species into notice, having sent it from Guatemala 
about 1840. It was figured by Dr. Lindley, with a solitary 
flower, from the only plant then known in Europe, in January, 
1840. A three-flowered specimen then appeared in the same 
publication for 1845, as a variety, with somewhat broader leaves, 
as var. Russelliana. Our present specimen, with its noble clus- 
ter of flowers, was sent to us from the Botanic Garden, Liver- 
pool, in 1845, by the late Mr. Henry Shepherd. Well culti- 
vated as this specimen is, there are certainly few Orcludeous 
plants that can surpass it in beauty. This flowered and was 
in perfection in August. Plants have also been sent from Gua- 
temala by G. M. Skinner, Esq., who has contributed so largely 
to our collections in this family. , . , 

Descr. Stems or pseudobulbs a foot and more long, jointed 
at distant intervals, compressed and furrowed, and partially 
clothed with membranaceous sheaths. Leaves two, alternate 
(that is, there is a short portion of the stem, or pseudobulb, be- 
tween them), oblong, patenti-reflexed, coriaceous, rather broad in 

may 1st, 1858. 

the middle, sheathing only at the very base, obtuse at the point, 
dark green. Peduncle terminal, stout, terete, bearing a spike or 
raceme of six to eight large Jloicers at the extremity. Sepals and 
petals spreading, all of the same uniform olive yellowish-green 
colour, with a few, scattered, small, sanguineous spots ; the sepals 
oblong, obtuse, even ; the petals obovato-oblong, much waved at 
the margin. Lip white, fleshy, not so long as the sepals and 
petals, primarily three-lobed, the lateral lobes at the base rise 
like two auricles, and almost over the top of the column, they 
are yellow within; the middle lobe has a deep-orange spot at 
the base, is broad and oblong for a great part of the length, and 
spreading into a broad, somewhat reniform, waved, two-lobed 
extremity, and is covered with innumerable, deep rose-coloured 
granulations, from which circumstance the plaut derives its spe- 
cific name. 

Fig. 1. Lip, dightly magnified. 


Tab. 5049. 

Rose-flowered Solomon 's-seal. 

Nat. Ord. SmilacinejE. — Hexandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Perigonium corollaceum, tubulosum, limbo breviter sexfidum et 
erectiusculum, deciduum. Stamina 6, medio tubo inserta, inclusa. Filamenta 
tereti-subulata. Anthera biloculares, lineari-oblongae, emarginatae, basi bifida?, 
dorso medio affixse, introrsse. Ovarium liberum, sessile, triloculare; ovula in locu- 
bs 3-6, biseriata, anatropa. Columna stylina terminalis, erecta, elongata, trigona, 
inclusa. Stigma terminale, obsolete trilobum, supra papillosum. Bacca globosa, 
trilocularis. Semina in loculis 1-2, subglobosa. Testa tenuissima, albumini 
cartilagineo-carnoso arctissime adnata. Embryo parvus, tereti-oblongus, rectus, 
axihs, in extremitate albuminis chalaza opposita inclusus. — Ehizoma horizontale, 
mcrassatum. Caulis erectus, simplex, superne foliosus, inferne squamis vaginatus. 
-rolia sessilia, sparsa, rarius opposita vel verticillata, striato-nerwsa, nervis subti- 
liter retieulato-anastomosantibns, plerumque membranacea. Pedunculi axillares, 
solitarii, uni- vel racemoso-bi-pauciflori. Flores pedicellati, nutantes, albi, apice 
virides ; pedicellis basi ebracteolatis vel bracteola minuta subulata instructis, sub 
flore articulatis. Kunth. 

Polygonatum roseum ; caule teretiusculo subsulcato, foliis oblongo-linearibus v. 
lineari-lanceolatis acutiusculis apicibus rectis glabris, inferioribus subternis 
superioribus sparsis margiue subtusque in nervis subtilissime scabriusculis, 
pedunculis axillaribus plerumque bifloris cernuis purpureo-roseis. 

Polygonatum roseum. Kunth, Enum. PI. v. 5. p. 141. Ledeb. PL Ross. v. 4. 
p. 123. Schultz, Syst. Veget. v. l.p. 1669. 

Conyallakia rosea. Ledeb. PI. Altaic, v. 2. p. 41; Ic. Plant. Ross. t. 1. 

This very pretty Polygonatum, nearly allied to our Polygonatinii 
verticillatum, was sent to the Royal Gardens by Professor Bunge, 
the friend of Professor Ledebour at Dorpat, and there is every 
reason to believe it is good authority for the plant so called of 
Ledebour in his ' Flora Rossica.' We have also authentic speci- 
mens in the herbarium from Professor Bunge. It is a native of 
the Altaic Siberia, at the river Kurtsch, and of Chinese Songa- 
ria, at Lake Saisang-Nor (Herb. Acad. Petrop. in Herb. Nostr.). 
But it must be confessed that the species varies considerably 
in the length and breadth of the leaves, and their being more 
or less verticillate, and if Ledebour's figure be correct, above 

MAY 1st, 1858. 

quoted, in the size and colour of the flower. The species with 
which I would immediately compare it is the Polygonatiim Sibi- 
ricum of Redoutc's ' Liliact'es,' figured there however from a 
dried and much shrivelled specimen. From this the Convallaria 
cirrhi folia of Wallich is not distinct. It is described as hav- 
ing the leaves almost uniformly verticillate, and with more or less 
cirrhose points. It is indeed extremely common in Himalaya, at 
elevations of from 7-11,000 feet (Hooker and Thomson); but 
specimens collected by Messrs. Strachey and Winterbottom, at 
Rinkim in Thibet, in our herbarium, gathered at an elevation of 
13,500 feet above the sea, partake of the characters of the two 
species ; the lower leaves being quite straight at the points, as 
in P. roseum, the upper ones with uncinate or slightly cirrhose 
points, a character so common in P. Sibiricum ; so that unless 
the living plant were to exhibit some mark of distinction, it 
would be difficult to say to which of the two species this should 
be referred. The colour of the flowers seems to be the same in 
both. As neither one nor the other however has, as far as we 
know, been cultivated in our gardens, we gladly represent the 
rosea of Ledebour in our present Plate. 

Descr. Root a horizontal, fleshy tuber, sometimes running 
out to a great length, and forming a long, fleshy rhizome, throw- 
ing up annual, simple, herbaceous, erect stems, one to two feet 
high, terete ; but at the same time angular on the surface, pale 
whitish-green, sometimes tinged with red streaks. Leaves gene- 
rally subverticillate but rarely strictly so, and here and there 
quite alternate, especially at the summit and at the very base, 
where indeed they almost constitute scales ; in form the leaves 
are linear or linear-lanceolate, the uppermost ones slightly acu- 
minated, striated, entire, the margins and keel under a high 
magnifier scaberulous. Peduncles axillary, solitary or two to- 
gether, generally forked and two-flowered, sometimes bearing 
four flowers, rarely one. Peduncle and pedicels prettily mottled 
with dark-purple. Perianth in our living specimens about three- 
quarters of an inch long ; the ground-colour is white, but slightly 
tinged with purple, mottled and streaked with pink, so that the 
general tint is rose-colour ; the tube long ; the limb of six, ovate, 
spreading segments, white at the margin and somewhat serrated 
or crested at the very apex. Stamens and pistil included. An- 
thers oblong, yellow. Ovary obovate. Style shorter than the 
ovary. Stigma truncated. 

Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Pistil : — magnified. 



"\finceut Brooks 

Tab. 5050. 
BOLBOPHYLLUM Neilgherrense. 

Neilgherry Bolbophyllvm. 

Nat. Ord. Orchide^.— Gynandria Monandkia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4088.) 

Bolbophyllum Neilglierrense ; rhizomate repente, pseudobulbis ovatis angu- 
latis subcomigatis, folio solitario oblongo-elliptico obtusiusculo, scapo folio 
multo breviore, spica subcvlindracea erecta, floribus laxiuscuhs erectis, 
bracteis lanceolate berbacels, sepalis lateralibus ovato-lanceolatis dorsali 
quadruplo majoribus, petalis parvis e basi ovata acuminate purpurasceuti- 
bus, labello recurvato trilobo, lobis lateralibus parvis intermedio hngulato 
integro, disco sulcata, columna utrinque alata, alis apice cuspidato-acumi- 
natis. . 

Bolbophyllum Neilgherrense. Wight, Ic. Plant, hid. Or. v. 5. t. 1650. 

Our pseudobulbs of this plant were received from Mr. M Ivor, 
who collected them in the Neilgherries in 1849; and Dr. Wight, 
the only author, as far as we know, who has noticed it, has given 
it as a native also of Malabar. That author alludes to its ammty 
with Bolbophyllum Carey anum, but considers it quite distinct as 
may be seen by our figure of that species at our lab. 4100. 
It flowered with us in January, 1858, in the warm Orchideous 
House. , 

Descr. Pseudobulbs oblongo-ovate, slightly compressed, par- 
tially clothed with a sheathing membrane, and arising trom a 
creeping, jointed, sheathed rhizome, scarcely so thick as a 
goose-quill Leaf solitary from the apex of the pseudobulb, 
four to six inches Ions, nearly erect, coriaceous, elliptical-oblong, 
rather obtuse, tapering below into a thickened, short petiole. 
Scape from the base of the pseudobulb, three to four inches 
long, terete, jointed, joints ■ sheathed with a membrane, bpke 
scarcely three inches long, of several, erect, brownish-green, lax 
flowers; each flower subtended by a small, lanceolate, greenish 
bract Sepals ovato-lanceolate ; dorsal one small ; lateral ones 
connivent at the base, so as to resemble the carina ot a pa- 

may 1st, 1858. 

pilionaceous flower, four or five times as large as the dorsal 
one : colour brownish-green, spotted. Petal* smaller even than 
the dorsal sepal, purplish, from a broad base, acuminate. Lip 
springing from the decurrent base of the column, and jointed 
upon it, recurved, three-lobed ; lateral lobes small ; intermediate 
one tongue-shaped, entire, furrowed down the middle. Column 
short, winged on each side, which wings terminate above in an 
acuminated point on each side the- anther-case. 

Fig. 1. Entire flower. 2. Flower from which the sepals and petals are re- 
moved, showing the column and the lip. 3. Pollen-masses :— magnified. 



\5ncent Bwxis W 

Tab. 5051. 
CLIANTHUS Dampieri. 

Dampiers Clianthus. 

Nat. Ord. Leguminos^e. — Diadelphia Decandkia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx late campanulatus, subsequalis, 5-dentatus. Vexillum acu- 
minatum, reflexum, alis parallelis longius; carina scapiformis, vexillo alisque 
multo longior, omnino monopetala. Stamina manifeste perigyna, diadelpha, omnia 
fertilia. Stylus staminibus duplo longior, versus apicem hinc leviter barba- 
tus, stigmate simplicissimo. Legumen pedicelfatum, coriaceum, acuminatum, 
ventricosum, polyspermum, intus lanulosum, sutura dorsali recta, ventrali con- 
vexa. Semina reniformia, funiculi's Iongiusculis affixa. — Suffrutices herbeeoe,- 
foliis impari-pinnatis, stipulatis ; floribus speciosissimis, racemosis. Lindl. 

Clianthus Dampieri; herbaceus prostratus sericeo-villosissimus, foliolis oppo- 
sitis (rarissime alternis) oblongis passim lineari-oblongis obovatisve, pedun- 
culis erectis scapiformibus, floribus subumbellatis, calycibus 5-fidis sinubus 
acutis, ovariis (leguminibusque immaturis) sericeis. Br. 

Clianthus Dampieri. All. Cunn. inHort. Soc. Trans, ser. 2.0. I. p. 521. Br. 
in App. to Shirt's Exped. to Central Australia, p. 71. 

Clianthus Oxleyi. A. Cunn. in Sort. Soc. Trans. I.e. p. 522. 

Donia speciosa. Don, Gard. Diet. v. %.p. 468. 

Colutea NovaB-Hollandias. " Woodw. in Dampiers Voy. v. 3. p. 111. t. 4. 
/ 2." 

From the Greenhouse of Messrs. Veitch and Sons, Exeter, 
and King's Road, Chelsea, where its splendid blossoms were pro- 
duced in the month of March of the present year 1858. In 
point of size the flowers are quite equal to those of the now well- 
known Clianthus puniceus, but in richness of colour far superior, 
for the uniform crimson of the petals is relieved by the velvety 
purple-black disc of the standard of the petals. Clianthus puniceus 
is considered to be a native of New Zealand, though a decidedly 
wild locality has perhaps never yet been recorded.* This species 

* Sir Joseph Banks and Dr. Solander, who were the first to notice this 
plant, in 1769, are said to have found it "on some part of the eastern coast ot 
the Northern Island of New Zealand, or in Cook's Strait." Mr. AUan Cunning- 
ham observes, that this plant does not occur in a collection formed by his 
brother in New Zealand, and was not seen by himself during his first visit to 

may 1st, 1858. 

now under consideration is a native of New Holland, and was 
discovered so long ago as 1699, by Dampier (and published and 
figured by Woodward, in Dampier's Voyage, above quoted), in 
the dry sandy islands of Dampier's Archipelago, North-west Aus- 
tralia, latitude 29° 19' to 20° 30', longitude 116° to 117° east. 
Allan Cunningham gathered it in the same locality in 1818. 
Specimens from near that group of islands, namely on the 
" north-west coast of Australia," are in my herbarium, gathered 
by Mr. Bynoe in the voyage of H.M.S. Beagle. Again, Mr. 
Allan Cunningham met with the same plant in the western 
interior of New South Wales, on the eastern shore of Regent's 
Lake on the river Lachlan. The same plant was observed on 
the Gawler Range, not far from the head of Spencer's Gulf, in 
1839, by Mr. Eyre, and more recently by Captain Sturt, on his 
" Barriere Range, near the Darling, about 500 feet above the 
river." Mr. Brown has examined specimens from all these 
localities, and is satisfied that they belong to one and the same 

Mr. Brown, judging from the unripe pods in my herbarium, 
was of opinion that this would, when the perfect pods were 
known to us, prove to be sufficiently distinct from the original 
New Zealand species to form a distinct genus, but the pods and 
the seeds seem to exhibit no difference as far as can be judged 
from the immature state, save in the absence of the woolly sub- 
stance in the former. The seeds are rather numerous, and are 
each on a long podosperm. 

On the first exhibition of this charming plant at the Horti- 
cultural Society, a silver medal was most justly awarded to 
Messrs. Veitch and Son. 

Descr. A procumbent or ascending, herbaceous plant, glau- 
cous, and hoary all over with long, whitish, silky hair. Stems 
slightly angular and tinged with red. Leaves alternate, pinnated, 
petiolated, oblong, with about sixteen rather closely placed sub- 
opposite, oblong or elliptical, frequently acute, sessile leaflets; 
petiole one to three inches long, with a pair of large, herbaceous, 
bifid stipules at the base. Peduncle terminal, sometimes a span 
long, bearing a racemose umbel of four to six, very large, droop- 
ing flowers. Pedicels bibracteolate. Calyw hairy, with the tube 

the Northern Island in 1826. It is probably a rare plant, and its peculiar 
localities are to the southward of the Bay of Islands, where Allan Cunningham 
subsequently gathered it ; it also occurs on the shores of the Eiver Thames, 
at Mercury Bay, where Cook afforded the naturalists who accompanied that voy- 
age the opportunity of landing, in 1769, and near which, namely at Tauranga, in 
the Bay of Plenty, are the Missionaries' Home Stations, whence the first seeds 
were sent to Europe, and raised by W. Leveson Gower, Esq., of Titsey Place, 
Godstone. Dr. Hooker, in his ' Flora Novee Zelandise,' gives the locality of Banks 
and Solander, and says, " more generally cultivated." 

cup-shaped, obtuse at the base ; segments five, nearly equal, erecto- 
patent, lanceolate, acuminate. Corolla bright-red Standardly 
large ovate-lanceolate, suddenly from above the base curved up- 
wards, so that it presents its inner surface to the spectator in 
front, and this exhibits a double or two-lobed projection at the 
base of the disc, very prominent, and of a purplish velvety black 
colour, gradually melting into the red, and reflecting a strong 
light from the apex of its lobes. Wing* small, lanceolato-subu- 
late, deflexed; heel very large, deflexed, lanceolato-falcate, acu- 
minate, longer than the standard. Stamens diadelphous nine 
united and one free, very long. AnthersXm^. Ovarg pedicdUe, 
hairy, linear, gradually tapering into the long, subulate style. 

Fig. 1. Stamens and pistil. 2. Pistil removed from the reeeptaele -.-magnified. 


Tab. 5052. 


Greek Fritillary. 

Nat. Ord. Ltliace^.— Hexandria Monogynja. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 3280.) 

JRrTiLLARiA Graca ; glabra glauca, caule humili basi nudo dein 5-S-pbvlIo, 
iohis omnibus alternis, inferioribus approximatis oblongis vel oblongo-lanceo- 
latis obtusis acutiusculisve, suminis remotioribus anguste lincaribus acutis, 
floribus mediocribus 1 rarius 2 terminalibus nutantibus ultimo foliosis 
breviori approximatis, perigonii breviter campanulati basi rotundati non 
gibbosi diametro suo sequilongi phyllis extus fascia viridi-luteseente longi- 
tudinali percursis, ercterum rubris obscure tessellatis ellipticis apice ro- 
tundato vel subattenuato obtuso vel subretuso pilosulis, uectario oblongo- 
bueari, staminibus corolla dimidio brevioribus, JUamentis glabris e basi di- 
latata attenuatis antbera breviter apiculata duplo longioribus, stylo glabro 
longitudinis ovarii stamina paululum superante ad medium usque trifido. 

tRITillaria Gra3ca. Boiss. et Sprunner in Boiss. Diagnos. Plant. Orient. Nov. 
n. 7. 1846, p. 104. 

Fritillaria tulipifolia. Fl. Grceca, non M. Bieb. (Boiss. in Herb. Nostr.) 

A native of Mount Hymettus, about the middle of the moun- 
tain, and hardy in our gardens. Of this pretty Fritillary, like 
the Rose-flowered SoloraonVseal of this number, Tab. 5049, we 
have the advantage of possessing authentic living plants, derived 
from M. Boissier's garden at Geneva, and from which our 
figures have been taken. They flower readily in the open 
border, and in a frame in the month of March, when flowers 
are always welcome. Long as is the specific character given by 
Boissier and Sprunner, it is only justice to the authors of the 
species to give their own words : for indeed so closely is it 
allied to F. tulipifolia of Bieberstein, Centur. Plant. Ross. tab. 
41, that I should have a difficulty in distinguishing the two 
except by the markings of the flowers .-\* F. tuhpfoha all 
tessellated, very much like F. Mekajri*; in F Graca scarcely 
tessellated, and having a green line down the centre of each 
may 1st, 1858. 

sepal. In one of our native specimens, however, also " e monte 
Hymetto Atticae," from Heldreich, marked as a var., the green 
line is quite obsolete, and the whole perianth is a chocolate- 
brown. The most essential distinguishing characters, we pre- 
sume, are given above in italics. It is only in a note upon 
specimens from Boissier himself, in our herbarium, that he has 
attached the remark that this plant is the F. tulipifolia of 'Flora 
Graeca/ not of M. Bieberstein : that synonym is not given in 
the 'Diagnoses.' 

Descr. Root a small, subglobose bulb. Stem a span (more or 
less) high, slender, erect, terete. Root-leaves from young bulbs 
four to five inches long, lanceolate, tapering into a petiole. 
Cauline leaves, in our plants and specimens, four to six or seven 
in number, mostly five, elliptical or linear-lanceolate, nearly erect, 
striated, the upper ones gradually smaller, uppermost one arising 
from the base of the peduncle. Flowers solitary, rarely two, 
smaller than those of F. Meleagris, and less campanulate. Sepals 
elliptical, slightly apart when fully open, tawny or ferruginous- 
brown, spotted but scarcely tessellated, with a dorsal green line 
continued to the projection which constitutes the nectary at the 
base ; the margin is also pale-green. Stamens shorter than the 
sepals, and rather shorter than the pistil. Ooary oblong. Style 
short, longer than the ovary, and nearly twice as long as the 
branches of the style. 

Fig. 1. Sepals, with nectary. 2. Pistil: — magnified. 


■£\. ■?&■$% Mis 

Tab. 5063. 

DENDROBIUM chrysotoxum. 

Golden-arched Dendrobium . 

Nat. Ord. Orchide^e. — Gynaxdri.y Monandria. 
Gen. Char. {Fide supra, Tab. 475 5.) 

Dendrobium (§ Dendrocoryne) chrysotoxum; pseudobulbis angustis multicos- 
tatis 2-4-foliis, foliis oblongis horizontalibus coriaceis, racemis laterahbus 
laxis gracilibus arcuatim decurvis pseudobulbos sequantibus, bractea basilari 
parva spathacea floralibus minimis herbaceis, sepalis petalisque explanatis 
oblongis obtusissimis planis bis duplo latioribus, labello indiviso cucullato 
rotundato pubescente margine minutissime pectinato et fimbriate. Linal. 

Dendrobium (§ Dendrocoryne) chrysotoxum. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. 1847, sub t. 

The Dendrocoryne section of the fine East Indian genus Den- 
drobium forms, Dr. Lindley observes, " a peculiar group, best 
perhaps characterized by their having a fleshy, angular stem, 
with two or more manifest articulations, one or more leaves at 
the upper end, and a lip not broken up into a tuft of hairs or 
fringes. They are, as it were, Bolbqpht/Ua passing into Dendro- 
bia. In the group thus limited are included D. densiflorum, 
Griffithii, aggregation, tetragonum, Veitchianum, apeciosum, and 
some others formerly placed in Desmotrichum, a species whose 
lip is broken up into a brush." 

Our plant here figured is certainly not among the least hand- 
some in this lovely group, and was imported from India by 
Messrs. Henderson. It flowers with us in March, and is highly 
ornamental to the stove at that season. 

Descr. Pseudohdbs long, clustered, clavate or rather spindle- 
shaped, jointed, with elongated joints, and clothed with a com- 
pact, whitish, membranaceous sheath, having about lour, more 
or less spreading, oblong, acute, coriaceous, dark-green ten»ai 
the extremity. Peduncle lateral, arising from the top oi me 
pseudobulb, just below the leaves, rather short, bearing a grace- 
fully drooping raceme of twelve or more, large g olden ^I 
fowers; almost a span long. There is a deciduous, sranosc, 

Jcne 1st, 185S. 

sheathing bract at the base of the peduncle, and a very small one 
at the base of each ovary. The flowers are two inches across. 
Sepal* and petals spreading; the former rather small, oval or ob- 
long-oval; the latter broad-ovate, twice as large as the sepals, 
slightly twisted. Zip spreading, undivided, cucullate, the base 
contracted, having a prominent blunt spur behind, the lamina 
orbicular, pubescent on the upper surface, the margin most 
beautifully fringed and ciliated : the colour of the lip is of the 
same deep bright-yellow as the rest of the flower, but the disc 
above is orange-colour, leaving a pale margin, and an arch or 
semicircle of very deep orange is seen at the base of the lamina, 
which suggested the specific name of the plant. Column short, 
with a broad blunt tooth on each side the anther-case. ' 

Fig. 1. Column and anther. 2. Portion of the fringe of the lip: — magnified. 


Tab. 5054 
RHODODENDRON argenteum. 

Silver-leaved Bhododendron. 

Nat. Ord. Ekice^e.— Decandkia Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4336.) 

Ehododendbon argenteum; foliis amplis coriaceis oblongo-obova is acuta in 
petiolum crassum attenuate planis utrinque glabemmis subte ,a genteis 
costa nervisque prominulis, bracteis deciduis dense senceis flonbns g 
tis,pedunculi S brevibus crassis puberulis, calyce °*™^ b ?£j£E 
co olte demum alba, majuscute tubo campannlato, ^°^^S- 
lis bdobis, staminibus 10-15, filamentis basin versus 8^*^™^ 
tibus, ovarii pubescentis loculis 10-16, stylo flexuoso crasso, stigmate 

. dilatato. 
Bhododendron argenteum. Hook.fil. Mod. Sik. Bimal. p. 10. *. 9. 

A tree, in its native conntry, thirty ffV i \^md n ah b aii < d 
Sikkim-Himalaya; on the summit of Smchul Wan, an 
Tonglo, elev. 8,000-10,000 feet above the ^ ^^^ 
certainly among the finest of the many fine ^f^. e ^ r a ° n noble 
coveries of Dr. Hooker. Even in its flowerless state ^ib anob le 
plant on aeeount of its foliage, the ^f^^ Ano ther 
length, and broad in proportion, always silvery beneatr^ ^ 

interesting state is in the early mf™ Ho^ed, imbri- 
are forming; these are long and clothed wun ^ ^ 

rated, large scales, so as to look, as ^.f or i oW er scales broad 
the cone of some species of Pine ; the outer oi t ones 

and eonaeeons, glabrous, «ddish-teo^ ; ^^ 1S the 
oblongo-spathulate, pubescent, bun mui , i gradually 

plant °with its head of handsome flowers pink *J^ he t J G 
whitening as they expand, and havin S j\ rounding the stamens, 
within, a rich, dark, blood-purple spot surroun^ ^^ The 
quite conspicuous on a full front view o . ^ ^ firgt time 
flowers were, as far as we know, now proui Gardens, in 

in cultivation, in a cool greenhouse ol tne rvuj 

M"r>».^U TOED 

March, 1858. 

JUNE 1st, 1858 

Descr. Our plants are from four to five feet high, erect 
Leaves very much confined to the summits of the branches, 
oblongo-obovate, coriaceous, conspicuous, penninerved; the nerves 
sunk, dark full green above, beneath silvery-white. Flower-buds 
imbricated with large, brown, very broad, obtuse scales. Flowers 
capitate, compact. Peduncles very short, subumbellate, thick, 
curved downwards. Calyx literally none, unless about six 
smatt bracteoles, reflexed bodies bent down upon the peduncle, 
can be so called ; these have their origin at the very top of 
the peduncle (under the very base of the corolla), and are linear 
or oblong, white, somewhat fleshy, occasionally divided into two 
unequal segments. Corolla in bud fine rose-colour, obovate 
compressed, deeply eight-furrowed ; as the corolla expands it 
gradually changes to white, and is then broad, tubular-campanu- 
late, two and a quarter inches long, laterally a little compressed ; 
tube slightly widening upwards, eight-furrowed, discoloured at 
the base in consequence of a large, black-purple, velvety, eight- 
rayed spot, at the bottom within, surrounding the stamens. 
Limb spreading, two and a quarter inches in diameter, eight- 
obed; lobe 8 rounded, imbricated, deeply emarginate, almost 
bind, slightly lobed or waved. Stamens sixteen. Filaments com- 
pacted almost into a tube below, white, slender, as long as the 
tube ot the corolla, slightly curved upwards from the base, 
and there hairy. Anther small, oblong, rich red-brown, open- 
ing by two pores at the apex. Pollen white. Ovary ovate- 
oblong ten-furrowed, woolly. Style as long as the stamens, set 
abruptly on to the top of the ovary; the apex clubbed, and 
ourving upwards. Stigma a large, fleshy-coloured, oval disc, with 
a depressed line in the centre 

2 sLL^TVm Sh ? ",! Ul the fivc bract ^es (?) at the base of the corolla, 
fleshy disc." Irausverse section of the ovary, seated upon ihe 


W.Btiii . 

Tab. 5055. 


Copious-flowered Xiphidium . 

tfat. OnJ. Wachendorftace.*. — Triandrta Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Perianthium corollinum, hexaphyllum ; foliolis patentibus, exten- 
oribus dorso puberulis, interioribus paulo minoribus glabris. Stamina 3, hypo- 
gyna, perigoniifoliolis interioribus opposita ; flamenta filiformia ; antherte basinxae. 
Ovarium liberum, trigonum, triloculare. Ovula in placentis e loculorura angulo 
centrali tumentibus, plurima, amphitropa. Stylus filiformis; stigma capitato- 
trilobum. Capsula subglobosa, carnoso-mollis, trilocularis. Semina plurima, 
subglobosa. — Herba perennis in America tropica cis JEquatorem obvia ; radice 
fibrosa ; caule simplici, hirsutiusculo, basi folioso ; foliis ensiformibus, equitantibus, 
acuminatis, integerrimis v. subserrulatis ; floribus paniculatis, subsecundis, nutanti- 
bus. Endl. 

Xiphidium floribundum. 

Xiphidium floribundum. Sw. Prodr. p. 17 ; M. Ind. Occ. v. 1. p. 80. t. 2. 

Vahl, Enum. v. 2. p. 162. Bcem. et Schdt. Syst. Veget. v. I. p. 487. 
a. albiflorum; floribus albidis. Sw. (Tab. Nostr. 5055.) 
Xiphidium albidum. Lam. III. v. l.p. 131. Spreng. Syst. Veget. v. l.p- 170. 
Xiphidium album. Willd. Sp. PI. v. 1. p. 249. 
Ixia Xiphidium. Lcefl. It. p. 179. 
j3. cceruleum ; floribus intus cseruleis. Sw. 
Xiphidium cseruleum. Aubl. Guian. v. 1. p. 33. t. 11. Willd. Sp. PI. v. 1. 

Xiphidium giganteum. Lindl. Bot. Beg. v. 32, under t. 6f, and v. 33, under t. I. 

This is a little-known plant, peculiar to tropical America 
remarkable for its equitant leaves and Ins-like habit, witti oniy 
three stamens, but having a regular floral envelope oi six pieces 
and a superior ovary, as in Asphodelece. Its affinity is ^turaiiy 
with Wachendorfia, and these two genera have gei lerally been 
placed in Hamodoracem ; but Mr. Herbert has established tor 
them the Nat. Ord. Wachendorjiacea, which is preserved rjy 
Lindley, though the position of this Order is not very deary 
determined. The species, too, have apparently been needles sly 
multiplied; and it is generally acknowledged that the blue- and 

June 1st, 1858. 

white-flowering kinds are mere varieties of each other; while 
Dr. Lindley's Xiphidium, being identical with our plant, derived 
from the same source, Santa Martha (Mr. Purdie), is simply a 
larger specimen than usual, with leaves obsoletely serrated. Be- 
sides the localities for this species given by Aublet and Swartz, 
namely French Guiana, Vera Cruz, islands of Tobago and St. 
Christopher, I may add, from my herbarium, Plain of Dapur, 
Santa Martha, Surinam, British Guiana, Antioquia, New Gra- 
nada (Holton), Mecapulco, Mexico, and Dominica, St. Vincent, 
and Jamaica of the West Indian Islands. 

Descr. Rhizome long, descending, jointed, thick as a swan's 
quill, radicant and sending out offsets. Stems apparently annual, 
herbaceous, from a few inches to a foot or more long, erect, com- 
pressed, unbranched, but not unfrequently proliferous from buds 
in the axils of the leaves, glabrous, leafy. Leaves alternate 
equitant, sword-shaped, the flattened base forming a short sheath 
upon the stem (as in Iris), from eight or ten inches to a foot 
and a half long, one to two inches and more broad, distichous, 
membranaceous, closely striated, more or less distinctly but finely 
spinuloso-serrate, especially towards the acuminated apex. Pe- 
duncle terminal, bracteated, bearing an oblong thyrsus or com- 
pound raceme of flowers, from four to six or eight inches long ; 
racemelets spreading, subscorpioid ; the flowers six to eight, all 
on the upper side, gradually opening from below, hairy or gla- 
brous. Pedicles bracteolated, short. Perianth of six, white, 
spreading, oblong-oval sepals, regular. Stamens as long as the 
pistil, three, erect, from the base of the inner sepals. Filaments 
short, glabrous. Anther oblong, orange-colour. Ovary quite su- 
perior, globose, obscurely three-lobed. Style twice as long as the 
ovary. Stigma obtuse. Both in our cultivated specimens and 
in all our numerous native ones in the herbarium, the ovary falls 
off without coming to maturity, the plant apparently increasing 
mainly by lateral buds from the stem. 

Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Pistil :— magnified. 

, TWks isH- 

Tab. 5056. 

OBERONIA acaulis. 

Stemless Oberonia. 

Nat. Ord. Orchide^e. — Gynandria Monandria. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4517.) 

Oberonia acaulis ; curvato-dependens, foliis ensiforraibus e basi sensim longe 
acuminatis, racemo elongato multifloro, floribus compactis subverticillatis, 
sepalis petalisque subspiraliter patenti-reflexis, labello 4-lobo margine fim- 
briato facie superiore pilis sparsis villosis, lobis obtusis duobus terminalibus 
raajoribus, disco canaliculate 

Oberonia acaulis. Grift, in Notula ad Plantas Asiat. pars 3. p. 275; Itm. 
Notes, p. 76 ; Ic. Plant. Asiat. t. 286. r. 1. 

The genus Oberonia will prove a very extensive one in species, 
though comparatively few are as yet accurately described. Dr. 
Lindley has kindly referred us to the Oberonia acauhs, brm\, 
for the present species. It is rudely figured by Griffith I.e., 
and the dissections are still more rude; but the identity ot the 
two is confirmed by an original specimen in Dr. Lindley s her- 
barium. It is a native of Churra, in Khasya, Eastern Bengal, 
and is one of the many interesting Orchideous plants the intro- 
duction of which to our gardens we owe to Mr. Simons. It 
flowered with us in February of the present year. 

Descr. The habit of this plant is very peculiar. Cultivated 
on a small block of wood, and suspended from the root ol the 
Orchideous house, it takes a downward curvature, so that the 
leaves and orange-coloured raceme are strongly curvato-pendent. 
Leaves stemless, few, the longest of them a foot long, ensilorm, 
falcately recurved, gradually tapering from the base into a long 
acumen, scarcely an inch broad in the widest part; their bases 
equitant, in colour glaucous-green. Peduncle three to four inches 
long, rather stout/terminal. Raceme long, cylindrical, almost 
equal in length to the leaves, with very numerous orange-coloured 
(but not bright) flowers, compact, but much less so and by no 

June 1st, 1858. 

means so small as in our 0. iridifolia (Tab. 4517). Bracteas 
oblong-acute, serrated at the apex. Sepals and petals uniform, 
ovate, fimbriato-ciliate, singularly reflexed, so as to be on the 
same plane with the labellum, with an exactly opposite direc- 
tion, and at »the same time slightly spirally twisted. Lip sub- 
quadrangular, obtusely four-lobed, or, in other words, three- 
lobed; middle lobe much the largest and broadest, and itself 
two-lobed; all obtuse, and all fimbriato-ciliate; and the same 
soft hairs of the margin extend to the surface of the lip : the 
disc is channelled. Column very short. Anther-case hemisphe- 
rical. Pollen-masses two. 

Fig. 1. Bractea. 2, 3. Flowers. 4. Pollen-masses :■ 


u3i lith . 

■Vincent Brooks Imp- 

Tab. 5057. 
POLYGALA Hilairiana. 

St. Hilaires Milkwort. 

Nat. Ord. Polygalace^e.— Diadelphia Octandkia. 

Gen. Char. Calycis sepala persistentia, 2 interiora abeformia. Petala 3-5, 
tubo stamineo connexa, inferiore carinieformi (forsan e duobus coalitis constante). 
Capsula compressa, elliptica, obovata aut obcordata. Smina pubescentia, Inio 
carunculata, coma destituta. Be Cand. 

Polygala (§ Ecristata) Hilairiana; frutex, caule simplici superne foboso, fol us 
oblongo-ovatis acutiusculis coriaceis basi in petiolum attenuate, spicis axi- 
laribus terminalibusque folio brevioribus, floribus (inter maximos) sessilibus 
basi minute bibracteatis, calyce clause, sepalis duobus in enoribus corolla 
paulo brevioribus suboblique ovatis paululum falcatis, coroUa imberbi, pcta- 
lis 2 liuearibusintermedio apice cucullato trilobo, ovano subrotunao emar- 

Polygala Hilairiana. Endl. in Linnm, v. 7. p. 357. Ataht. Bot. v. 4. t. *. 
Walp. Eepert. Bot. Syst. v. I. p. 242. 

Received at the Royal Gardens of Kew from Mr. Mackay, of 
Liege, under the name of Polygala Brasihensis, a species, it we 
may iudge from the brief and only character (ol less than two 
lines in De Candolle's < Prodromus '), with characters totally at 
variance from this now under consideration, which is, however, 
unquestionably identical with the Polygala Hilairiana oi h^- 
licher, of which we possess specimens from South Brazil, ga- 
thered bv Sellow. It is also in the Benthamian Herbarium, from 
Martins (n. 1186). It is perhaps the largest-flowered species ot 
the genus. Some of our leaves are fully a span long, and the 
flowers are quite an inch long. Yet although the leaves are 
large and evergreen, the flowers present but little show or 
beauty. Endlicher gives it as an inhabitant of the neighbour- 
hood of Bahia. It flowers in the stove during the spring 

"dmce. Stem unbranched, erect, a foot high in our flowering 
plants, terete, woody below, herbaceous above where done the 
plant is leafy, glabrous, as is every part of the plant. Leaves in 
jone 1st, 1858. 

our growing specimens four to five inches, in our native speci- 
mens a span long, subcoriaceous, oblongo-ovate, subacute, penni- 
nerved, entire, tapering below into a short petiole, all alternate. 
Racemes spicate, solitary, axillary and terminal, shorter than the 
leaves, erect, six- to eight- or ten-flowered. Floivers the largest 
of the genus. Pedicels short. Calyx of five sepals, three outer 
very small, green, ovate, of which two are combined and un- 
equally bifid. Two inner sepals corolloid, white, with a tinge of 
green and black, obliquely ovate, a little falcate, obscurely nerved, 
three-quarters of an inch long, both close-pressed to the corolla. 
Corolla a little longer than the inner sepals (or alee); inner pe- 
tals combined for the greater portion of their length into a tube, 
white and compressed. Lateral petals linear, subacute, inter- 
mediate one cucullate and three-lobed, and rose-coloured at the 
apex. Stamens also combined into a tube ; the filaments free 
above. Anther ovate. Ovary orbicular, compressed, emargi- 
nate. Style filiform, curved upwards, and clavate towards the 
apex. Stigma cleft. 

Fig 1 Calyx and pistil, the corolla removed. 2. Corolla. 3. Stamens :— 



■Vincent Brooks H?' 

Tab. 5058. 

DENDROBIUM Falconeri; var. sepalis petalisque 


Dr. Falconers Dendrobium : with, sepals and petals more obtuse. 

Nat. Ord. Obchide^:. — Gynandria Monandria. 
Gen. Char. (Fide supra, Tab. 4755.) 

Dendrobium (§ Dendromyce) Falconeri ; caulibus hie illic ramosis elongatis 
pendulis gracilibus striatis articulatis geniculis nodosis, foliis paucis parvis 
1-3 ^ termiaalibus liuearibus, pedicellis solitariis unifloris, floribus amplls 
speciosis, sepalis oblongo-lanceolatis subtortilibus petalisque ovatis sequi- 
longis patentibus apice purpureo-maculatis, labello cucullato, limbo vix 
trilobo ovato acuto undulato integerrimo ciliato, disco aurantiaco basi 
apiceque purpureis, calcare brevissirao. 

Dendrobium Falconeri. .Hook. Bot. Mag. t. 4944. 

P; foliis minoribus, petalis sepalisque obtusioribus, maculis purpurascentibus 
rainoribus. (Tab. Nostr. 5055.) 

From the nursery of Messrs. Jackson, where it produced its 
beautiful and richly-marked flowers in March, 1858. It is one 
of the many East Indian or, more correctly speaking, Assam 
and Khasya Orchideee, sent to Europe by Mr. Simons, and 
which are now the grace and ornament of our stoves. Elegant 
as is our present plant, it cannot be considered as a species 
distinct from the D. Falconeri above quoted, but the flowers are 
smaller, the apices of the sepals and petals less acuminated, and 
the purple spots are all smaller and almost obsolete on the apex 
of the lip. 

Descr. Stems or pseudolmlbs aggregated, singularly long and 
slender, articulated, jointed, the articulations very unequal in 
length, often contracted in the middle, leafy only towards the 
extremity. Leaves scarcely longer than one's finger, subdistich- 
ous, oblongo-lanceolate, rather finely acuminated and unequally 
bifid at the apex, between membranaceous and coriaceous, 
rather long-sheathed at the base. Flowers very handsome, sub- 
fasciculated at the joints of the long, pendent, leafless stems. 

July 1st, 1858. 

Bracteas membranaceous, oblong. The ground-colour of the 
rather large flowers is white. Sepals oval, oblong, acute, spread- 
ing, tipped with purple. Petals also spreading and equally 
tipped with purple, broad-ovate. Lip cucullate, shortly spurred 
at the base behind, scarcely three-lobed, broad ; the disc rich- 
yellow and pubescent, having a deep sanguineous spot near the 
base and a small purple spot at the apex ; the margin at the 
base is fringed. Ovary slightly clavate, pedunculiform. Column 
short, decumbent at the base to where the lip is jointed upon it, 
bearing a tooth on each side at the top. Anther-case white, 

Fig. 1. Column and anther-case, magnified. 



Ifcicent 3rc6ks ImP 

Tab. 5059. 
ilex cornuta. 
Horned4eaved Holly. 

Nat. Old. IlICINEjE. — Tetrandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Flores hermaphroditi v. rarius polygami. Calyx parvus, urceo- 
'latus, quadridentatus, rarius 5-6-deutatus, persistens. Corolla hypogyna, rotata, 
4-partita, rarius 5-6-partita, laciniis obtusis aestivatione irabricatis. Stamina 
imae corollae inserta, ejusdem laciniis numero sequalia et alterna ; filamenta fili- 
formia; antlierce introrsEe, biloculares, longitudinaliter dehiscentes. Ovarium 
sessile, 4-loculare. Ovula in loculis solitaria v. interdum gemina, collateralia, 
ex apice anguli centralis pendula, anatropa. Stigmata 4, sessilia, distincta v. 
coalita. Drupa baccata, subglobosa, stigmatibus coronata, tetrapyrena, ^ymm 
osseis venosis monospermis. Semina inversa, subtriquetra, testa tenuissime rnem- 
branacea. Embryo in apice albuminis carnosi, sulco longitudinali bipartite, mini- 
mus, subglobosus, bilobus ; radicula supera.— Arbusculae v. frutices in America 
tropica et boreali, in Asia calidiore, et in insulis Canariis obvice, una species etiam 
in Europa media et boreali-occidentali indigena ; foliis alterms, conaceis crenatis 
v. spinoso-dentatis; pedunculis axillaribus, uni-multifloris, bracteatis; flonbus alois. 

Ilex cornuta; foliis oblongis coriaceis marginatis basi obtusis apice truncatis, m 
planta vegetiore grosse sinuato-dentatis spinosisin adultis tricornis mtegns- 
que, umbellis axillaribus sessilibus, baccis tetrapyrems. Lindl. et Faxt. 

Ilex cornuta. Lindl. et Paxt. El. Card. v. 1. f. 43. /. 27 {woodcut only). 
Gard. Chron. 1851,/?. 311. Walp. Ann. Bot. Syst. v. 2. p. Zbb. 

This extremely handsome-leaved species of Holly was detected 
by Mr. Fortune, when he was in the service of the Horticultural 
Society, in northern China, somewhere in the vicinity of Shang- 
hai, flowering in April; and, upon another visit, at a place called 
Kin-tang. It was apparently on the latter occasion that this 
fine evergreen was sent living to Messrs. Standish and U>., 
Bagshot Nursery, to whom the merit of its introduction is due. 
It promises to be quite hardy; but it is only our young plants 
kept under glass, in a cool frame, that have shown any disposi- 
tion to flower, and these flowers are produced in April. 

Descr. Our flowering specimens are quite young and small, a 
foot and a half high; but to what size the species ultimately 
attains in its native country we have no information. In 

July 1st, 1858. 

its mode of ramification it resembles our common European 
Holly ; but the foliage is extremely different, and very peculiar. 
The leaves are alternate, two to four inches long, very firm, cori- 
aceous, and glossy, dark blackish-green above ; the general out- 
line is broad-oblong, almost a parallelogram, on short petioles, 
truncated at the base and at the apex, bearing a strong spine on 
each side near the base ; the apex is dilated and furnished with 
three larger and broader and very pungent spines, of which the 
intermediate one takes a downward curvature, while the lateral 
ones stand out horizontally, like two horns, and these have sug- 
gested the specific name ; the margin of the leaf between these 
several spines is recurved. Floiuers white, quite destitute of 
beauty, collected into sessile umbels in the axils of the younger' 
leaves. Peduncles short, glabrous. Calyx cup-shaped, half supe- 
rior, the free portion cut into four, erecto-patent, rounded lobes. 
Petals four, oblong, obtuse, horizontally patent. Stamens four, 
erecto-patent. Filaments very long, stout, subulate. Anthers 
ovate, obtuse. The ovary has four nearly sessile stigmas. The 
berries are described as being large, globose, with four pyrena. 

Tig. 1. Entire flower. 2. Calyx and pistil: — magnified. 

lucent. Brcv. 

Tab. 5060. 
RHODODENDROxN virgatum. 

Twiggy Rhododendron. 

Nat, Orel. Ekjcr/t:. — Decandkia Monogvma. 
Gen. Char. {Fide supra, Tab. 4336.) 

Rhododendron virgatum; erecta, raniis gracilibus, ramulis junioribus calyce 
ovario petiolis foliisque subtus squamulis peltatis obsitis, foliis oblongis 
acutis brevi-petiolatis subtus glaucesceutibus, iioribus axillis foliorum ter- 
minalium singulo bracteato, bracteis amplis imbricatis, lobis calycinis ro- 
tundatis ciliatis, corollae tubo infundibuliformi dorso villoso, liinbi paten- 
tis lobis late ovatis, staminibus 8-10, filaraentis inferne villosis, ovario 

Rhododendron virgatum. HooTc. fil. Mod. Sik. Himal. t. 26 A. Journ. Hort. 
Soc. Loud. v. 7. p. 81 (excluding the syn. of R. triflortim, Hook.JiL). 

One of the many interesting Rhododendron discoveries of Dr. 
Hooker in Sikkim-Himalaya, where it abounds in the skirts of 
the Pine-forests in ravines at elevations of 8000 to 9000 feet of 
the Lachen Valley. Mr. Booth detected the same plant in simi- 
lar localities in Bhotan, and the flowering-specimen here figured 
is from the garden of Mr. Lowe, of the Clapton Nursery, having 
been raised from seeds sent by Mr. Booth to Mr. Nnttall It 
flowered in April, in a cool frame. Dr. Hooker was probably 
in error in considering his R. triflorum to be a yellow-flowered 
variety of the present. The leaves and inflorescence are consi- 
derably different. 

Descr. This maybe reckoned among the dwarfish kinds of 
the genus, not rising more than a foot and a half high, but with 
graceful, slender, twiggy branches (whence the specific name), 
the new shoots being covered with copious, orbicular, peltate 
scales. Similar scales occur, aud equally copiously, on the under 
side of the leaves, on the petioles, base of the calyx, and on the 
ovary. Leaves scattered chiefly on the upper portions of most 
°f the branches, short, petiolate, or oblong-lanceolate, acute and 
subrnucronate, rather coriaceous, dark full-green above, glabrous, 

JI-ly 1st, 1858. 

and wholly destitute of scales ; very glaucous beneath, and, as 
already observed, mealy with copious, orbicular, peltate but ses- 
sile scales. Mowers axillary from the upper and more crowded 
leaves, nearly sessile, one or sometimes two in each axil, these 
when fully expanded forming a leafy head of flowers of a very 
delicate rose-colour; and each individual flower is surrounded 
by large, broad, oval, imbricated, coloured bracteas. Calyx short, 
cup-shaped, with live, obtuse, rounded teeth or lobes ; the upper 
half scaly at the back, the margin sometimes ciliated. Corolla with 
the tube funnel-shaped, slightly villous on the upper side ; limb of 
five, spreading, ovate segments. Stamens generally ten, nearly 
straight. Filaments hairy at the base. Anthers oblong, opening 
by two large pores. Ovary oval. Style a little thickened up- 
wards. Stigma with five short points. 

Fig. 1. Portion of the under side of a leaf. 2. Stamen. 3. Calyx and pistil : 
-magnified. 4. Capsule burst, nat. size. 


T&cent Bxc:-: 

Tab. 5061. 
POLYGONATUM punctatum. 

Spotted-stalked Solomons-seal 

Nat. Ord. SmilacinejE.— Hexandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 5049.) 

Polygonatum punctatum ; glabrum, caule angulato macu ato, fohis subdistic is 
carnosis ovato-lanceolatis obsolete striatis obtuse subacuminatis sessilibus, 
pedunculis axillaribus bifloris, floribus erectiusculis, penanthio c la va to- 
cylindraceo, ore contracto, limbi lobis subpatentibus ovato-rotundatis alter- 
natim minoribus, fllamentis erectis glabris. 

Polygonatum punctatum. Boyle, Himal. Fl. v.l.p. 38. Kunth, Emm. Plant, 
v. 5. p. 142. 

Convallaria punctata. Wall. Oat. n. 5133. 

We have lately figured one Indian species of Po l m mat "'"' 
viz. Pohnonatumrosmm (see our Tab. 5049), and we have now 
to offer another rare Indian species of the same genus, yr. 
Wallich, its author, gives it as an inhabitant o Nepal, wnen 
Dr. Hooker also found it at a later period, as well as **™an, 
at an elevation of 7,000 to 11,000 feet .hove the .sea tohne 
flowering specimens were communicated by ivir. i . 

the open ground of his garden at Nutgrove K^V^, 
shire'in Ipril, 1858, having beer , introduced £ * ™ 
by his nephew Mr. Booth, from Bhotm lhis H' LC '' , 
described (only named) by Wallich and Royle; and Kim th has 
eertainlv erred in desenbing the leaves as oppos. e for mire ar 
clearly 'alternate, in which respect it differs remark* y from 
much better-known Pohaonahm oppositifolim"' " . 

DEscn. i^wh.te, thick, tuberous, sendmg down ^tou , fleshy 

fibres, and often truncated or P^™ ^ , has gnen rise to the 
species of the genus, a circumstance that has g 

English generic name of \^<"'^V e JZ^ thick 

one or more simple stews arise, which arc en , 

as a goosequill, sheathed at the base with a few, large, unhr. 

HIM 1st, 1858. 

eating, thin, membranaceous scales; the lower portion leafless, 
throughout multangular, green, elegantly spotted with brown' 
Leaves alternate, scarcely distichous, approximate, spreading, 
ovato-lanceolate, sessile, obtusely acuminated, thick and fleshy, 
obsoletely striated, more distinctly when dry, glabrous as in every 
pari of the plant. Peduncles short, erect, solitary, axillary from 
almost every leaf, bearing generally two, erect or slightly droop- 
ing flowers, about half an inch long, clavato-cylindraceous, with 
six furrows, green above, the rest white, spotted with lilac ; the 
mouth contracted ; the limb of six, moderately spreading, short, 
ovato-rotundate lobes, the three inner ones smaller. Stamens 
quite included. Filaments erect, glabrous. Ovary broad-ovate, 
spotted. Style short, thick. Stigma three-lobed, papillose. 

Fig. 1. Flower-stalk and one flower. 2. Pistil : — magnified. 



Ymcett :ftrgtifi «"? 

Tab. 5062. 

Indian Thyrsacanthus. 

Nat. Ord. Acanthaceje. — Diandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4378.) 

Ihyrsacanthus Indicus ; ramis tetragonis angulis laevibus, foliis oblongo-lan- 
ceolatis glabris acuminatis basi attenuates in petiolum brevem decurrentibus, 
racemis axillaribus brevibus in racemum terminalem plus minus thyrsoi- 
deum subsecundiflorum abeuntibus, corolla? subbilabiatas laciniis brevibus, 
filamentis sterilibus rectis. Nees. 

Thyrsacanthus Indicus. Nees, in Be Cand. Prodr. v. 2. p. 325. 

A pretty Acanthaceous plant, but wanting in the richly-co- 
loured flowers of Thyrs. nitidus, Th. strictm (see our Tab. 4378), 
Th. bracteolatus (see our Tab. 4441), and some of the other 
species of the genus, very few of which are known by figure. 
The present is taken up in De Candolle's • Prodromus ' by the 
late Nees von Esenbeck, entirely from specimens in the Hooke- 
rian Herbarium derived from Assam {Mrs. Mack, Griffith, 
Booker) and from Khasya {Griffith, Hooker). From seeds sent 
from Bhotan by Mr. Booth, our plants were raised by Mr. 
Nuttall, and they flowered for the first time, in a warm stove, in 
April, 1858. 

Descr. A shrubby plant with the young shoots only herba- 
ceous. Stem and branches tetragonal, angles rather acute. 
smooth. Leaves opposite, about three inches long, oblong-lan- 
ceolate, pinnato-veined, acuminated, entire, dark-green, tapering 
gradually at the base into a short petiole. Thyrsus terminal in 
our plant. Peduncles and pedicels bracteated. Calyx deeply 
quinquefid ; the segments equal, erect. Corolla infundibuliform, 
the mouth oblique ; colour white, with a few purple lines. Limb 
obscurely two-lipped, segments ovate, patenti-reflexed. Stamens 
inserted at the top of the narrow tube, four, erect, didynamous ; 

JULY 1st 18 

two fertile, with large, linear, oblong, acute, purple anthers; 
shorter ones with abortive anthers ; filaments of both kinds glan- 
dular. Ovary oblong-ovate, seated upon a large fleshy disc. 
Style glandular at the base, as long as the perfect stamens. Stig- 
ma bifid, the segments subulate. 

Fig. 1. Base of the corolla, with stamens. 2. Pistil : — magnified. 

IZmcent Bra- 

Tab. 5063. 


Comely Indigo-plant. 

Nat. Ord. LeguminosjE. — Diadelphia Decandria. 

; Gen. Char. Calyx quinquefidus, lobis acutis. Vexillum rotundatum, 
gmatum. Carina utrinque calcare subulato notata, demum saepe elastice deflexa. 
Stamina diadelpha. Stylus iiliformis, glaber. Legumen teretiusculura aut planum 
ant tetragonura, polyspermism, bivalve, rarius oligospermum, ovatum, imo raono- 
spermum, subglobosura. Semina ovata, utrinque truncata, isthmis cellulosis saepe 
disjuncta. — Herbse aut suffrutices ; stipulae a petiolo distinctce, parvce. Pedunculi 
axillares. Flores racemosi, purpurei carulei aut albi. Folia nunc simplicia (pin- 
nata ad impar reducta), impari-pinnata aut digitata, foliolis mpe bad stipellatis. 
Pili nunc omnes, nunc plerique strigosi, centro adfixi, adpressi. Be Cand. 

Indigofkra decora; fruticosa glabra glaucescens, foliis pinnatis, petiolis 2 5- 
jugis exacte ovatis obtusis cum mucrone subtus pilis sparsis peltatis obsitis, 
racemis elongatis densis folia subasquantibus, calyce hemisphaDrico quin- 
quedentato, carina? margine superiore villoso. Lindl. 

Indigofera decora. Lindl. in Journ. qfllort. Soc. v. I. p. 68. Bot. Reg. v. 32. 
t. 22. 

A most lovely and ornamental greenhouse plant, by no means 
so generally seen in our collections as it deserves to be ; a native 
of China, and cultivated in the gardens of Shanghai, whence Mr. 
Fortune introduced it to the Horticultural Society of London. 
It flowers early in the season, and a cool greenhouse is rendered 
quite gay with its blossoms, which are of a lively pink and rose- 
colour, arranged in long, erect racemes ; add to which the leaves 
are pinnated and of the most delicate green. 

Descr. A shrub, or small but straggling bush, the branch™ 
needing support. Indeed it does best trailed against the wall, 
or on a rafter, treated as a half-climber. Branches slender, ten W 
tinged with red. Leaves a span long, pinnated, with an odd 
one. Pinnm six to eight pairs, broad lanceolate, generally 
drooping, slightly villous beneath, with hairs fixed by the middle ; 
a pair of distinct stipules at the base of the petioles, and V 
ones at the base of the short petiolules. Racemes elongated, 
axillary, solitary, as long as or longer than the leaves, bearing 
Ji i.v 1st. 1858. 

numerous, patent or deflexed, pink and rose-coloured flowers, 
almost an inch long. Calyx short, cup-shaped, five-toothed, 
spreading. Standard oblong, rather obtuse, streaked with a 
horse-shoe band near the base, strict (not patent or reflexed). 
Al(B linear-lanceolate or spathulate, ciliated. Carina oblong- 
lanceolate, very acute, ciliated at the upper edge. Stamens dia- 
delphous. Anthers ovate, with a tuft or pencil of hairs at the 
apex. Ovary linear-cylindrical. Style subulate. Stigma small, 

Fig. 1. Standard. 2. One of the wings. 3. Keel. 4. Calyx and stamens. 
5. Pistil: — magnified. 


\5nc a itSroo'k S I^ 

Tab. 5064. 
AZALEA ovata. 

Ovate-leaved Chinese Azalea. 

Nat. Ord. Erice^e. — Pentandria Monogyni.a. 
Gen. Char. [Vide supra, Tab. 4726.) 

Azalea ovata; glaberrima, foliis coriaceis petiolatis ovatis ovato-subcordatisve 
acutis emarginatisve, pedunculis glanduloso-hispidis unifloris ex axillis su- 
premis, floribus 5-andris, sepalis ovatis membranaceis gtabris subciliatis, 
corolla rotata ad basin fere 5-partita, laciniis obovatis oblongisve obtusis, 
filamentis infra medium pilosis, ovario glanduloso. 

Var. a; floribus pallide purpureis. (Tab. Nostr. 5064.) 

V~ar. (3 ; floribus pallide roseis. 

Azalea ovata. Lindl. in Hort. Soc. Journ. v. 1. p. 149. Fortune in Hort. Soc. 
Journ. v. 2. p. 126. t. 2. 

Var. y ; floribus albis. 

Azalea myrtifolia. Champion in Hook. Bot. Mag. sub t. 4609. Benth. liar. 
Hongkong, in Kew Journ. Bot. v. 4. p. 298. 

A very pretty little shrub, introduced from Northern China 
by Mr. Fortune, and first described by Dr. Lindley, from both a 
white- and pale-pink-flowered variety, in 1844. Our specimens 
were received from the garden of the Horticultural Society, in 
June, 1858. The same species was afterwards found in Hong- 
kong by the late Captain Champion, and, from differing in some 
points from Lindley's description, he named it A. myrtifolia. 

Descr. A half-hardy shrub or small tree, with few small 
shining green leaves towards the tips of the short branches, and 
axillary, solitary, pedunclcd flowers. Leaves about an inch long, 
ovate or ovate-cordate, acuminate or emarginate, glabrous. Pe- 
duncles short, glanduloso-pubescent. Catyse-lobes membranous, 
oblong, blunt, subciliated. Flowers pale-purple, upper lobe oi 
corolla speckled with dark-purple. Corolla rotate, with broad 
lobes. Stamens five, with filaments hairy below the middle. 
Ovary glandular, five-celled. — /. B. H. 

Fig. 1. Stamen. 2. Calyx and pistil. 3. Ovary. 4. Transverse section of 
ditto -. — all magnified. 
august 1st, 1858. 


Tab. 5065. 

RHODODENDRON Griffithianum, Wight; 
var. Auchlandii. 

Lord Auckland's Mododendron. 

Nat. Ord. Erice,e.— Decandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. (Fide supra, Tab. 4336.) 

Rhododendron Griffithianum; glaberrimum, foliis rabloige P*«Jg" *Jgg 

oblongs ovato-oblongisve utrinque acutis v. basi subcordatis robin pallid*, 
floribus corymbosis, calyce lato disciform! margine crenato v 5-lobo, co 
rolla campanula* 5-loba, lobis rotandatis bifid*, stamimbus , sob-16, 
theris parks, ovario sub-12-loculari glanduloso, capsula brevx obtusa. 

Var. a- foliis 4-pollicaribus utrinque acutis, floribus 3 poll, latis. ^^ 

Rhododendron Griffitbianum. Wight, Ic Plant. Ind. Or. v. 4. . 
Hook.fl. in Journ. Hort. Soc. v. 7. pp. 77, 93. 

Var. /?; foliis 6-12-pollicaribus basi obtusis cordatisve, floribus 6-7 poll. wm. 

Rhododendron Aueldandii. Hook.fil. Sikkim Mod. t. 11- 

This magnificent plant, which from *?*CX£^. 
snowy-white oorollas .s m some «1* e £ Hin)alaV a in 
was introduced by Dr. Hooker tafc S *" lt J^fe. 
1849 and flowered at the nursery of M* Gam* ^ 

worth, in May of the present year It was ongin y 
Bhotan by Mr. Griffith, where specimens are however s , in , 
both in foliage and flowers, to the S.kkim ones, that th ^ 
given of SSL by Dr. Wight in hia mj*d* con* fa 
scarcely be recognized as belonging to the j»n F ^ 
Sikkim, however! two states of the i-o-m occrn^ ^^ 
much smaller flowers than the other, and it was ^ 

by Dr. Hooker, whether *he gigantic-flowered state V^ ^ 
and in his ' Sikkim Rhododendrons was noi Gai)lt . s ' s 

Such, however, appears not to be the case " ,,;„„., 

plant produced abundance of pollen, and his sped 

AUGUST 1st, 1858 

in no respect from Dr. Hooker's plate, except in the paler 
anthers, greener petioles, and in wanting the rose-coloured hue 
and spots on the calyx. 

Descu. A shrub, four to eight feet high, branching from the 
base. Leaves spreading, six to twelve inches long, linear-oblong, 
acute or acuminate, subcordate at the base, of a fine bright- 
green edged with pale-yellow, coriaceous and firm. Flowers 
four to sis, in terminal corymbose racemes, long-peduncled, 
very large, sometimes seven inches across. Calyx discoid, coria- 
ceous, obscurely lobed. Corolla campanulate, with a short tube 
and open limb, five-lobed ; lobes bifid. Stamens about sixteen, 
with glabrous filaments and small anthers. Ovary glandular, 
about twelve-celled. Capsule short, blunt, woody. 

Fig. 1. Stamen. 2. Calyx and pistil. 3. Transverse section of ovary: — 
all magnified. 


Tfincent Bk 

Tab. 5066. 
SAXIFRAGA purpurascens. 

Purple Himalayan Saxifrage. 

Nat. Ord. Saxifrage^.— Decandria Digynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4915.) 

Saxifraga (§ Bergenia) purpurascens; foliis obovato-rotundatis lntegerrimis 
eciliatis glaberrimis, panicula subcorvmbosa scapoque purpureo pubescenti- 
glanduloso, floribus omnibus nntantibus, calyce profunde 5-lobo, petalis 
longe late unguiculatis purpureis. 

Saxifraga purpurascens. Hook. fil. et Thorns, in Linn. Soc. Journ. Bot. v. 2. 

This beautiful and hardy species was raised at Kew from 
seeds sent by Dr. Hooker from the temperate regions ot the 
Sikkim Himalaya, where it was discovered growing in wet places 
at an elevation of 10,000 to 14,000 feet. Though closely allied 
to the Himalayan 8. ligulata, Wall. (Bot. Mag. t. 3406), B. «- 
liata, Royle (Bot. Mag. t. 4915), and the Siberian S. crassifo- 
lia, L. (Bot. Mag. t. 196), it is extremely different from, and tar 
more beautiful than, any of those species ; nothing, indeed, can 
exceed the bright glossy green of its leaves, which are elegantly 
margined with red, or the deep, bright, vinous red-purple ot its 
scape and inflorescence. . . , „!,:„» 

Descr. A hardy perennial, with a stout short, branching, 
prostrate rootstock. Leaves coriaceous, on short, Muck, rea pe- 
tioles ; blade rounded, obovate, blunt at both ends, bright glo sy 
green above, paler below, with red midrib and margins J "/ w 
very stout, six to eight inches high, deep red-purple, cov^.La 
is the inflorescence, with a short, glandular pubescence / « 
few in native specimens, more numerous and larger n cu Iti . attd 
ones, forming a dense, branched, subcorymbose pamcte, aU droop 
ing. Caly* deeply five-lobed, lobes blunt. Petals forming a can> 
patulate corolla, broadly spathulate. Ovaries generally two. 
/. D. II. 

Fig. 1. Pistil magnified. 
august "1st, 1858. 



1/mcenx IBrodks Imp. 

Tab. 5067. 
ISMELIA Broussonetii. 

Broussonefs Ismelia. 

Nat. Ord. Composite.— Syngenesia Superflua. 

Gen. Char. Capitulum multiflorum, heterogamy ; fioribus radii ™^^™> 
fcemineis fertilibus lingulatis 8-10- (imo in I. carinata 12-14-) stnatia, ap«* 
rotundatis vel tevissime et obsolete tridentatis (in /. carina M™™°V? PJ° 
funde emarginatis) ; fefto granulate hirto, pilis ^^*%^i5 
achenio concreto (vel in I. carinata artictdatim juncto) ; Jfffdm dwn mm 
hermaphroditis, tubulosis, quinquedentatis, punctis resinosis vel pihs g^™ er 
obsitis. /«, ^«m hemisphsericum, imbricatum ; #g*i«« apice w ' »PI*™^ 
magnam scariosani expansis. Receptaculum nudum, e bngato- ve ^P ress0 c M 
cum (vel in /. carinata plano-eonvexum). 4*-fc difformia, coMotau i r«*» 
fertilia, crassa, turbinato-triangulari, alata, alis cum pappo ^ r0n ™; is ra l a o uC i s 
scarioso, quandoque rudimentario (imo in I. Broussonetu tantum fcnlibt* ^| 
robustis parte interiore) ; disci pleraque sterdia, compressmscul to, -^g^ 
alata, alis lateralibus cum pappo coronifornn margine *™"™ \ iifidis in 
Canarienses et Mauritanici, glabri vel hirti, fohosi, ramose ; ftfau » j««^ J^ 
petiolum integrum vel dentatum angustatis ; pedunculis eiongaii., ^ ^^ 
Jlavo (in /. carJwfl^a radio albo-flavescmte, disco atro-purpureo). . 

lolis olaber vel birtus, foliis 
Ismelia Broussonetii ; suffruticulus spithamaao-pedaus ^ acheniis disci 

obovato-oblongis profunde pinuatifidis in petiolum dentatum, 

striato-costatis bialatis. G. H. Schultz. 2^ 

Ismelia Broussonetii. C. H. Schultz Bipont. in T^Jf^JrJbb on plate). 

t. 95. /. 3, 5, and 9 (Argvranthemum pinnat.fidum, 

Walp. Repert. Bot. v. 6. p. 202. 
Chrysanthemum pinnatifidum. Brousson. Herb, {fide * * )• ^ ^ ^ 
Chrysanthemum Broussonetii. Balbis, Cat. H. Taur. ( hf • 

Procfr. «. 6. j». 66. ^ ftyrf. 

Pyrethrum Broussonetii. G4<% «• ■»«<?*• Oww* f- i4 ' 

*' 3 " *' 584 - „ i Q 1 81 (excl. loco natali 'Madera? 

Pyrethrum adauctum. Link in Buck Canar. 19-l»i i« 

This Canarian plant, although belongs «J» the^ *££ rf 
group of CbHjMNl^ which we are too ^ new 

looking upon as coarse weeds, is leairy gent to u8 

to our gardens, till we raised it from seeds 

AUGUST 1st, 1858. 

by M. Bourgeau, and which will probably prove hardy, though 
at present we have kept it in a cool greenhouse. It is peculiar 
to the Canary Islands, growing in the " Laurel region " in the 
mountain-ranges, elev. about 3000 feet above the sea-level. As a 
genus it has vacillated between Pyrethrum and Chrysanthemum ; 
but, if our figures be correct and Mr. Webb's correct also, the 
characters derived from the wings and pappus of the achenia are 
not wholly to be depended upon. In the month of May the 
flowers had quite a striking appearance in a conservatory. 

Descr. Plant erect or ascending, branched, shrubby at the 
base, glabrous, two to three feet high : a span to a foot in its 
native country, so that the species seems to be greatly improved 
by cultivation. Stem and branches striated, quite herbaceous 
above. Leaves distant, ovate in circumscription, the superior 
ones obovate, all deeply, nearly to the costa, pinnatifid ; the seg- 
ments lanceolate, often again pinnatifid and toothed, decurrent to 
the base of the petiole, which is dentato-pinnatifid. Peduncles 
elongated, mcrassated upwards. Involucre of several green, 
ovate scales, with broad brown scarious margins. Flowers three 
inches across May pale-lilac, tinged with yellow at the base. 
Bxsc at first dark-purple, golden-yellow when the florets are fully 
expanded. J 

Fig. 1. Floret of the ray. 2. Floret of the disc :- 






.Tfincent BtooIcs Imp 

Tab. 5068. 
CAMPANULA strigosa. 

Strigose Bell-flower. 

Nat. Ord. Campanulace;e. — Pentandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx 5-fidus. Corolla apice 5-loba vel 5-fida, ssepius campanu- 
lata. Stamina 5, libera, filamentis basi latis et membranaceis. Stylus in pra?- 
fioratione pilis collectoribus (excepta ima basi) tectus. Stigmata 3 vel 5, filifor- 
mia. Capsula 3-locularis, valvis 3-5 lateraliter dehiscens. Semina ovata com- 
planata vel ovoidea. — Herbse scepius perennes, nunc kumiles et humifusce, nunc 
2-3-pedales, erectce, multiflorce ; foliis radicalibus, srppius forma diversis ; floribus 
terminalibus vel axillaribus. Omnes in hemispJuerio boreali. Be Cand. 

Campanula ( § Medium) strigosa ; annua erecta flexuosa parce dichotomo-ramosa, 
foliis oblongo-ovatis integerrimis sessilibus, floribus solitariis inter ramos 
dichotomos vel folio oppositis, lobis calycinis apice longe apice subulatis 
basi latis erectis corolla tubuloso-campanulata subbrevioribus (calycis) ap- 
pendicibus insigniter deflexis ovatis ovarium totum tegentibus. 

Campanula strigosa. " Russel, Descr. of Alep" {Be Cand). Alph. Be Cand. 
Monogr. Campan. p. 236. Vahl, Symbol, v. 8. p. 34. Rcem. et Sch. Syst. 
Veget. v. 5. p. 142 (et C. Russeliana, U. et S.). Be Cand. Prodr. v. 7. p. 462. 

Native of Syria, especially about Aleppo, where, according to 
De Candolle, it was first detected and named by Russel ; and 
it has since been gathered by Labillardiere and Ancher-Eloy, 
and in the Taurus by Kotschy. Balansa collected it in Cilicia 
and seeds have been communicated to us by Professor Fenzl 
from the Imperial Botanic Garden of Vienna. At present we 
have only reared it in a pot in a cool frame, and its bright 
flowers give a very gay appearance to a cluster of plants. 
There can be little doubt that it would prove hardy enough for 
a border annual, and perhaps for bedding out. Even in a pot 
it has continued flowering for a month, without any abatement 
in beauty. 

Descr. Herbaceous, annual, everywhere, but especially the pe- 
duncles and calyces, strigose with white, pellucid, patent harrs. 
Stems erect, flexuose, four to five inches high, terete, patenti- 

august 1st, 1858. 

hispid, dichotomous at the summit only. Leaves remote, alter- 
nate, ciliate, oblong-ovate, sessile, patent or reflexed, quite entire 
at the margin. Peduncles terminal or in the axil of a fork, rarely 
lateral, single-flowered. Calyx very large in proportion to the 
flower, and very curious in structure, for at first sight it appears 
to have an insertion inferior to the ovary : the free portion of 
the calyx is five-parted ; segments ovate, hispid, terminated by a 
subulate spreading apex, the base of each descends as it were, 
and forms two ears or appendages, which quite conceal the 
ovary, which is small and turbinate. Corolla campanulato- 
infundibuliform ; the tube yellowish-white, a little longer than 
the calyx. Stamens, with the, filaments, broad oval, bifid at the 
apex, and between the two lobes the linear anther is inserted. 
Style larger than the stamens, clavate. Stigmas three short 

Tig. 1. Flower deprived of the corolla. 2. The same, with the lobes of the 
calyx removed : — magnified. 


Tab. 5069. 

GUSTAVIA insignis. 

Shoivy Gustavia. 

Nat. Ord. Myrtace^e : Tribe Barringtonie.e.— Monadelphia 


Gen. Char. Calycis tubus turbinates, limbus integer aut 4-6-8-lobus. Petala 
4-6-8, ovalia,suba3qualia. Stamina numerosa,basi monadelphia unguibusque peta- 
lorum subadnata. Ovarium 4-6-loculare, loculis polyspermia. Stylus brevis. 
Stigma obtusum. Capsula ovata aut subglobosa, 3-6-locularis, coriacea, calycis 
vestigio umbilicata. Semina in quoque loculo pauca ovata, membrana coriacea 
vestita, funiculo longo plicato columnse centrali affixo suspensa. Embryo carno- 
sus. Cotyledones 2, magnge, subasquales, extus convexse, intus planai. Radicula 
obtusa, vix prominens. — Arbores; folia alterna, magna, impunctata, serrata aut in- 
tegerrima, glabra. Bacemi terminates, pauciflori. Flores bracteati, albi, speciosi. 
De Cund. 

Gustavia insignis; floribus 6-petalis, calyce 6-lobo, lobis rotundatis peduneulo- 
que glaberrimo, ovario aptero, foliis obovato-lanceolatis acuminatis spinuloso- 
serratis basi attenuates, bracteis floralibus ad basin ovarii. 

Gustavia insignis. Linden Cat. 1855 (name only). 

Eight species of the fine tropical American genus Gustavia are 
defined by De Candolle in the < Prodromus/ and Mr. Bentham 
has since added a ninth, but none of these sufficiently accord with 
the present plant to justify me in referring it to anyone of them ; 
so that if those species are accurately characterized, and if the 
characters are constant, our plant must be new. The most nearly 
allied species are : (1) G. angusta, L., which has eight petals and 
a truncated calyx; (2) G. speciosa, De Cand. {Pirigara speciosa, 
H. B. K.), with a nearly entire calyx, a tomentose ovary and 
peduncles, and entire leaves ; and (3) G. urceolafa, Poir., with the 
calyx entire. G. angusta and G. speciosa have, further, the pair 
of bracteas remote from the flower, whereas in our plant they 
are appressed to the base of the ovary. In other respects this 
has the most perfect resemblance to G. urceolafa, the figure and 
description of which are given in the 'Mem. du Museum, v. 13, 
P- 156, t. 5. Here however we have a distinct, five-lobcd calyx, 
and I think it safer to adopt the name by which it is circulated 


from the Belgian gardens, and printed (without a word of 
description or remark) in Linden's Catalogue of 1855. It is 
probably a native of Columbia or Guiana; and is certainly 
possessed of great beauty both in the foliage and in the great, 
Chtsia-\ike flower. It blossomed with us in June, 1858. 

Descr. With us, Gustavia insignis constitutes a shrub three or 
four feet high, a good deal branched. Leaves a span and more 
long, dark-green, glossy, obovato-lanceolate, acuminated at the 
point, much attenuated at the base, and sessile or nearly so ; 
veins pinnated, rather strong : the margin towards the apex 
coarsely and irregularly spinuloso-serrated, the base and apex 
entire. Peduncles from the axils of the upper leaves, in our 
plant a solitary and single flower (probably sometimes racemose 
and few-flowered), stout, glabrous, terete, each two to four inches 
long, with a few small, broad, ovate bracts at the base, and two 
opposite ones at the base of the ovary. Calyx (with its inferior 
, ovary) urceolate, almost like that of the Pomegranate, the tube 
turbinate, the limb of six, broad-ovate or rounded lobes, at first 
(in bud) erect, at length spreading. Corolla very large, five to 
six inches in diameter. Petals in our specimens six, broadly 
obovate, cream -white, concave, spreading, externally tinged with 
rose-colour. Stamens extremely numerous, in many series, com- 
bined at the base only, hence monadelphous, arising as it were 
from a fleshy ring. Filaments rose-colour towards the apex, and 
there a little clavate. Anthers orange-colour, articulated on the 
apex of the filament, two-celled. Ovary circular, turbinate, incor- 
porated with the tube of the calyx, expanded and depressed at 
the top. Stigma very small, short, crowned by a minute four- 
lobed stigma. 

Fig. 1. Portion of the staminal tube, with filaments and anthers, magnified. 
Z. Ovary and calyx. 3. Vertical section of ovary and calyx. 4. Transverse 
section of ovary, showing the four cells and numerous ovules : — nat. size. 


Vincent Bcodk 

Tab. 5070. 
GESNERIA Donklarii. 

Donhlars Gesneria. 

Nat. Ord. Gesneriace^e.— Didynamia Gymnospermia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4217.) 

IjEsneria Donklarii ; elata ubique velutino-pubescens, foliis inferior ibus ampiis 
cordato-rotundatis acutis duplicato-crenatis, superioribus sensim minoribus 
ovatis acutis serratis omnibus petiolatis reticulatim venosis subtus purpu- 
ras, paniculis pyramidatis multifloris, pedunculis plerisque trifloris, pedi- 
cellis elongatis, floribus nutantibus, segmentis calycinis lanceolato-subulatis 
patentibus, corolla? (coccineee) tubo elongato paululutn curvato inflatoque, 
limbo subregulari 5-lobo fauce aperta, staminibus styloque inclusis. 

Gesneria Donklarii. Hort. 

One of the handsomest of Gesneriaceous plants now in culti- 
vation in our stoves. We are enabled to figure this plant from 
the rich collection of Messrs. Veitch and Son's Nurseries of 
Exeter and Chelsea, where it flowered in June of the present 
year. It is probably a native of Columbia, a region so rich in 
species of this genus, but at present we only know the plant in 
a state of cultivation. If the colours of the flowers are not so 
bright as those of many species of the genus, their size, and 
the fine velvety foliage, dark-green on the upper surface, purple 
beneath, amply compensate for that imperfection. 

Descr. Plant a foot and a half to two feet high in its perfect 
flowering state, and then forming a pyramidal outline; the leaves 
below very large, gradually smaller upwards, and they become 
converted into bracts at the bases of the pseudo-whorls of the 
panicle. Stem stout, dark-purple throughout. Lower leaves a. 
span long, rotundate- or orbicular-cordate, acute, the margin 
doubly crenate; upper ones gradually smaller, ovate, slightly 
acuminate, rather coarsely serrated : all of them downy and 
velutinous, strongly reticulato-venose, petiolate, dark uniform 
green above, purple beneath. Panicle terminal, large, erect, 
many-flowered ; pedimcles, the lower ones at least, bearing three 
flowers on long erecto-patent, dark-purple, downy pedicels, brac- 


teated at the base. Flowers large, drooping. Calyx purple, of 
five, deep, subulate segments, closing upon the ovary when the 
corolla has fallen. Corolla more than two inches long, red, but 
of rather a dull hue ; the tube very slightly curved and mode- 
rately inflated, gibbous at the base above; limb spreading, a 
little oblique, five-lobed, lobes rounded, equal or nearly so ; the 
mouth of the tube is open, yellow within. Stamens included. 
Pistil also included. Ovary ovate, villous, with two erect, ap- 
pressed, oblong-ovate, fleshy glands at the base. Style and 
stigma as in the genus. 

Fig. 1. Pistil. 2. Ovary, showing the two glands -.—magnified. 



VSncent Broolts Inf- 

Tab. 5071. 
PHILODENDRON erubescens. 

Red-purple Philodendron. 

Nat. Ord. Aroide/E. — Moncbcia Polyandria. 

ben. Char. SpatJia tota persistens, post fiorescentiam reclusa. Spadix dense 
obsitus, appendice carens. Antherce singuli floris libera. Ovarium mnlti- (5-1 5-) 
loculare ; foea/w pluriovulatis ; ovulk axi affixis, erectis.— Plantae Americana tro- 
pica, succo decolori, rbizomate in caulem elongation scandentem v. arbotescentem 
mutato, foliis remotis, vaginis petiolaribns brevissimis, stipularibus elongatis deci- 
ding folio oppositis. ScJiott. 

Philodendron eruhescens ; elata scandens, caule subsiuiplici ad nodos copiose 
radicante, foliis pedalibus et ultra sagittato-cordatis acutis utrinque nitidis 
viridibus subtus pallide purpurascentibus vel cupreis, venis superne immersis, 
petiolo tereti folii longitudine, pedunculis brevibus subtenninalibus, spatha 
cucullato-cymbiformi obtusa cum mucronulo carnoso finna extus atro-pur- 
purascente intus kermesina, spadice spathae longitudine crasso dimidio infe- 
riore ovariis tecto, apice staminigero medio staminodiis tecto. 

Philodendron erubescens. " C. Koch (App. 1854, p. 6)." Schoti, fy*. Aroid. 
1-jo. 88. 

Aroideous plants are not so much cultivated as they deserve, if 
the varied forms, the noble foliage, the peculiar inflorescence, with 
its occasional rich colouring and very often delicious fragrance 
be considered. They constitute a very striking feature in tro- 
pical forests, and one stove at Kew is mainly devoted to a consi- 
derable collection of them. Amongst these, the present species 
stands conspicuous, with its glossy leaves, dark-purple boat- 
shaped spathas, crimson within, and their white columnar spa- 
dices. We are indebted for the species of Philodendron here 
figured to the most learned of botanists in this family of plants, 
Dr. Schott; and receiving it with that name, we cannot doubt 
its being the true P. erubescens of Koch and Schott (II. cc ), 
otherwise, the foliage being alone described, I should scarcely 
have ventured to consider it identical. But indeed, without 
good figures, it is very difficult to determine the genera and spe- 
cies of Aroidea. The present is certainly nearly allied to Arum 


grandifolium , Jacq. (Hort. Schoenbr. t. 189; Hook. Bot. Mag. 
t. 3345 = Philodendron Ilookeri, Scliott), differing however totally 
in the colour of the spatha, white or cream-colour in P. gran- 
difolium. The native country is not known, probably the Ca- 

Descr. Stem elongated, stout, flexuose, climbing, jointed, root- 
ing at almost every joint ; the lower roots very much lengthened 
and penetrating into the ground; the others slightly attach 
themselves to decayed wood, which is placed to afford support 
to the plant. Leaves distant, alternate, large, a foot or more 
long, on terete petioles of about the same length, with purple 
sheaths at the base. The blade or lamina of the leaf is between 
cordate and sagittate, the lobes somewhat spreading, blunt ; 
glossy on both sides, beneath of a coppery colour. The veins are 
sunk in the upper side of the leaf, slightly prominent beneath. 
Stipule long, sheathing, palish-purple, more or less acuminated. 
Peduncle opposite the leaves, with a large sheathing bract or 
stipule at the base, purple-green. Spatha large, conspicuous 
by its size and colour, boat-shaped, thick and fleshy, convolute, 
slightly contracted above the middle, the lower half and more 
convolute, the apex blunt, with a mucro; the colour, without, 
deep blackish-purple, scarlet within. Spadix equal in length to 
the spatha, stout, obtuse, white or cream-colour ; the lower half 
or nearly so is clothed with pistils; a circle of sessile anthers 
occupies the middle portion, and the rest of the clavate upper 
half is clothed with peltate stamens. 

Our figures represent an entire plant on a very reduced scale, together with a 
portion of a leaf and spadix and spatha, nat. size. Fig. 1. Spadix, also nat. size. 
■-'.Pistils. 3. Starainodia. 4. Ovary, cut through vertically. 5. One cut through 
transversely. 6. Stamens. 7. Single stamen, with two-celled anthers -.—magnified. 



Tinc enx Brooks %*% 

Tab. 5072. 
CCELOGYNE Schilleriana. 

Schiller's Ccelogyne* 

Nat. Ord. Okchide^:— Gtnandhia Monandria. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 5001.) 

ticis semi- 

Ccelogyne (Pleione) Schilleriana; labelli tripartiti partitionibus posticis 

ovatis antice acutangulis, partitione media a basi constrieta transverse ob- 
longa maxima marginibus revoluta, apice emarginata, limbo denticulato, 
canms ternis per diseum ad ovtum parti tionis media?. 

C<elogyne Schilleriana. EekU.fil in Berliner Allgem. Gartenzeitung, June 12th, 

Of this tropical Asiatic genus, no less than forty-three species 
are described by Dr. Lindley in the fifth part of his valuable 
'Folia Orchidacea/ published in 1853. Among the additions 
that have been since made is the present one from Moulmein, 
introduced by Messrs. Veitch and Son, of the Exeter and Chel- 
sea Nurseries, through their collector, Mr. Thomas Lobb. It 
flowered in June, 1858. I am indebted to Dr. Lindley for the 
name of this plant, and for the extract of the specific character 
and remarks of Dr. Reichenbach, from a publication to which I 
nave not myself ready access. 

Descr. Pseudobulbs small or bottle-shaped, clustered, trun- 
cated when old from the falling away of the former years 5 foliage. 
New plants form by the side of the old bulbs, at first scarcely 
exhibiting an appearance of pseudobulbs; these are fully de- 
veloped as the plant perfects itself. Leaves two, lanceolate, ob- 
scurely nerved, between coriaceous and membranaceous, spread- 
ing, acute, tapering and narrowed very much into a petiole at the 
base, and there clothed with imbricated, herbaceous scales. Pe- 
duncle arising from between the two leaves and shorter than they, 
erect, single-flowered (in qur specimen). Flower large for the 
size of the plant ; its ground colour tawny-yellow, expanded, m 
perfection at the same time with the leaves. Sepals an inch and 


a half long, very patent, lanceolate, acute. Petals much smaller 
and quite linear, pendent like the two lower sepals. Labellum 
large, porrected, somewhat broad-lyre-shaped, three-lobed, lateral 
lobes oblong, incurved upon the column, middle lobe very large, 
constricted at the base, nearly orbicular, waved and dentate at 
the margin, tubercled on the surface, bifid at the apex .- the disc 
of the lip has three principal elevated lines extending from the 
'base, beyond the centre, and several transverse, orange-coloured, 
and the middle lobe blotched and spotted with orange. Column 
semiterete. Anther-case conical, obtuse. 

Fig. 1. Column and anther. 2. Front view of the labellum. 3. Pollen- 
masses : — magnified. 

J0 13. 



Tab. 5073. 
ISOTOMA senecioides; var. suhpnmtifida. 
Groundsel-leaved Isotoma ; subpinnatifid var. 

Nat. Ord. Lobeliacejs.— Pentandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx 5-lobus, tubo turbinate vel elongate ^roUa^^ 
morpha, tubo inteiro, lobi* calycima multo loDgore, recto ye 1 «*™™^ ^ 
patentibus aqualibus vel paulo hraequalibus. ^da^ta st^^Jnbo^ coioUb 
plus minusve adnata. ^/^ extra tubum corolte "^^J^^m, 
ferioribus apice setaceo-aristatis.-HerbaB *epm annua, pedicelhs axManou 
floribus albis roseis vel caruleis. Be Cand. 

Isotoma seneMes ; subpubescens caule erecfc ^^^J^SS; 
latis subdecurrentibus irregulanter pmnatifidis lob £ alterna 
pedunculis axillaribus erectis gracili bus unnWs fo ^J^X coroto 
ribus, calycis tubo obconico, lobis "nean-acu^nati P ^ bye bre . 
quadruplo brevioribus, lacinns corolla lanceolatis acutis aup v 

Isotoma senecioides. Be Cand. Prodr. v.l.p. 412. 

Lobeexa senecioides. AIL Cunn. MSB. HookBoL ^ MM ' ^. 

Isotoma axillaris. Lindl. Bot. Beg. t. 964. lodd. Bot. Cab. t. 
inFreyc. Bot. p. 455. ^. 70. 

0; foliis subbipinnatifidis. (Tab. Nostr. 5073.) 

A very pretty greenhouse plant, native of Bathurst, New Sout^ 
Wales, where it was found by Allan Cunning ham^an d^^ 
afterwards gathered in the same locality by mr. ^^ BT0WJi , 
is a name given to a section of Lobel W . D > , b us at Tab. 

intended for his Lobelia hypocratenformis ^^ J ndley as a 
3075. This section has been ad V^f fj J- idpH f Allan 
genus, and to this he has added the ^ w "*£^^ t with 
Cunningham, of which the plant here Zf™^ bipinnatifid. 
the leaves more compound, so as to oe g ^ of corolla 

This species has a different habit and a ainere ^ Candolle has 
from the original Isotoma. And with tnwei. ^ Wi udenow 
united the Caribean Lobelia longiflorao i^ ^ ^ fo fun 
(Hippobroma longiflora, G. Don). e ^ ^ gerve that the 
counter to such high authority; yet w natu ral one, nor 

genus does not appear to our eyes to be 
sufficiently distinct from Lobelia. 


The more usual form of the species having been fully described 
at our Tab. 2702, we shall refer our readers there, merely ob- 
serving that in the state here figured the laciniaD of the leaves 
are longer than m the ordinary form of the plant, and not unfre- 
quently again pinnatifid. 

Fig. 1. Pistil and calyx. 2. Column of stamens -.—magnified. 

Tab 5074. 


Leafy Orchis. 

Nat. Ord. Ohchide*:.— Gyhandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Flares galeati. Sepala subaequalia; supremum cum petalis Mor- 
nicis speciem connivens ; lateralia nunc convergent* .nine reflexa. ^ erec ; 
sepalo* subaequalia. Labellun anticum, ca cam um, ^r-^S 
basi column^ connatum. Anthera erecta, ocuhs contigms J«^ <™J£ 
polleniorum 2, distinct*, cucullo commum (ue J^^^%^^. 
rostelli) incluk-Herb* terrestres, radicibus tubercuhfem, f<to» plenty* 
calibus tactu mollibus subsucculenlis scepe macnlatis. Lindl. 

Orchis /o^; foliis oblougo-lanceolatis 7^ttit% V «Tlt^obS 
oblonga nmltiflora, sepalis ovatis acutis, labello tore qnam 10 > e 
trilobo piano, lacmiis lateralibus emarginatis . mtermed a ac £ »j£ ^ 
joribus, calcare pendulo comuto labello d»plo ^™^J^ W 
acuminatis tiore Sepe lougioribus, tubercuhs palmate. A**"- 

Orchis foliosa. Sbfcmrf. JlSft » Herb. Banks. Lowe, Brim*. ^ **" * ' 
Z™<%, 2?<rf. ify. *. 1701; &r*. Orc*«*- t, 44. 

This fine ft^M is a good deal allied it ™£*£^ 
to our Orchis latifolia, but nevertheto to* £ *g ° > d 

ing, as Dr. Lindley assures us m being brge ma J 
having a distinctly three-lobed, flat lip, m f e ^ r °V )ur and a 
shaped convex o/e, a shorter and ^ "^^iSta, 
taller stem. It is a species peculiar to the ™™ whom we 
and * found, according to the Re- Mr. Lowe, ^ ^^ 
possess specimens, in rocky banKS oi elevat ion upon 

grass and bushes of Spartiurn candicans, aw* ^^ 

the hills of 3000 feet. Our roots were sent to us j . 
of the Comely Bank Nursery, Edinburgh ml»^ ^^ ^ 

sent individual flowered in a cool g ree ™,° U measured two feet 
Lowe gathered one native specimen which measured 

seven inches in height. ,. rP o Pm hlin2 greatly 

Desck. M-palmated. ^^ff£^S^ & 
those of Orchis latifolia, spotless **""! ^ or ob i ong . 
flowers, but generally shorter than they. Sjnie ovale 

SEPTEMBER lbT, 1858. 

ovate, three inches broad, bearing numerous purple flowers. 
Sepals erecto-patent, ovate, obtuse, nearly plane, palish-purple. 
Petals similar in form, but narrower and smaller, nearly erect, 
dark-purple. Lip pendent, very broad, rotundato-cuneate, three- 
lobed, middle lobe the smallest : the colour purple, with darker 
blotches of the same colour. Spur a good deal shorter than the 
lip, purple, with darker blotches. 

Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Column, anther, and base of the lip, with the spur:— 

jet j. 

Tin-cent Bt: 

Tab. 5075. 


Large-leaved Inga. 

Nat. Ord. Leguminosje.— Polygamia Moncecia. 

Gen. Char. Mores hermapbroditi vel rarius W^.M*^^^ 
campanula^, 2-3-dentatus. Corolla tubulosa vel ,pfimdibuliform s Mamm 
mdefinita, sepias numerosa, corolla duplo vel planes longio a bas i in tubum 
coalita. Ovarium m^um. Legumen carnosurn «t eonaeeuin P *™££** *J 
vel subteres, rectum vel subuicurvum, vix dehiacens, margin bos incras aus ve 
valde dilatatis et sulcatis. Semina pulpa dulci sspe ; mvea W^2?j£2 
arbores i«^ ^iM, »«.• ™ia «**«<* f^J^L t\Z 
inter jugafoliorum scrpe in alam expansus, alis semper ad nodos m £JW«J™J. 
Winter omnia pariascutellate, turbinate, vel stipitate, »£ ceb «£££* 
solete vel plane null*. Poliola omnia opposita^mjuga, ff^^V^Zik 

in umbellasfcapitula, vel spicas oblongas vel ranus ^f^^f^^m folm 
tarice vel scepius fasciculatim pedunculate, axillares vel ad apices ramutor j 
abortientibus paniculate. Flor 'es scepissme albt. Benth. 

Inoa ( § Euinga) macroplylU ; ramulis tetragon* ^SXvSSt 

foliis junioribus parce hirtellis ^.^aSiii obo- 

cbiqui lato-alatia, foliolis 8-3-jugie ^^^^^u^ nitidis 

vato-lanceolatisve brevi-acunnnatis yillosis den urn gtabr at i 

aubtua venis prominentibus basi obtusis ra g?S5tl!S««b eapitulo 

ceolatis, peduiculo axillari solitano ^iKS^J- 

globoso, rloribus flavis sericeis, calyce tubuloso, coiolla 

cem duplo excedente, stamiuibus longuaimia. ^ ^ ^ 

Inga macropbylla. ILB.K. Gen. et Sp-Am.v. *.p. ■ 

Lond.Journ.Bot.v.S.p.M*. Walp. Rep. Botv.\ ,. p ■ 

sv i v m VI Peru, etc v. o. jj. i« 

Inga calocepbala. Pcepp. et Endl. Nov. Gen. eibp. rt. r 
{according to Bentham). 

Notwithstanding the able monograph of the I rams . <JWM 

of the W*mm generally of Mr. *fcg£ff& present 
quoted, I find the greatest difficulty ra utenW y „ l ]W| 
species. The living plant was wowed from b Q fl R 

under the name of Inga macrocephala, to wti ran v i , 
at least, Mr. Bentham refers the /. ^^^Jo^mewhat 
Endhchcr ; yet I find the characters given of the two 

OCTOBER 1st, 1858. 

at variance, and that our plant agrees better with the latter 
than with the former. They are probably all three mere varie- 
ties of one species. Be that as it may, our species forms a hand- 
some stove-shrub, which bore in April, 1S57, for the first time, 
its beautiful heads of yellow flowers, quite silky from the nume- 
rous long filaments of the stamens. 

Descr. Our plant of this forms a good-sized shrub, ten to 
twelve feet high. Stems terete, glabrous, much branched ; the 
branches drooping, quadrangular, the younger ones clothed with 
dense, ferruginous, woolly hairs. Leaves consisting of two or three 
opposite pairs of leaflets, which are sessile, varying in length from 
four to eight or ten inches, coriaceo-membranaceous, glossy, 
slightly villous, ovate or obovate, shortly acuminate, closely 
penniveined, and the veins united by obliquely transversely 
parallel ones; paler beneath, where the veins are prominent. 
Petiole broadly winged, so as to have an obovate form ; rachis 
too, between the two pairs, winged, giving a spathulate form, 
terminated between the superior pinnae with a long spinule, and 
between the base of each pair of leaves is a large, scutellate, 
sessile gland. Stipules lanceolate, rather large. Peduncle soli- 
tary, axillary, villous, simple, twice the length of the petiole, 
bearing a globose sessile head of yellow flowers. Calyx cylindri- 
cal, two-lipped, downy. Corolla infundibuliform, five-cleft, vil- 
lous. Stamens twice as long as the corolla, numerous. Anthers 
very small, abortive? Ovary oblong. Style as long as the sta- 


Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Pistil -.—nuignijied. 


Tab. 5076. 
OUVIRANDRA Bernieriana. 

Benders Lattice-leaf. 

Nat. Ord. JuncaginejE.— Hexandkia Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Fide supra, Tab. 4894.) 

OutiHANDKA Bernieriana; foliis submersis anguste ° b ^M at "^ ai ^ 
plerumque pertuso-fenestratis (parenchymate seriatim poro sis pom quad 
Lis), scapo supeme inflate, spicis 3-5 fasciculatis gracdibus, flonbus 
roseis. o / ino 

Ouvirandra Bernieriana. Becaisne in Belessert Icones, v. Z. p. 62. . 

Gratifying as it was to us to publish a %« ^ ^ 
plant, of the rare Ouvirandra fenestrahs from the lakes ot Ma 
dagascar, it is no less so that we now publish a second [specks 
of the genus, collected during a subsequent vis t th jame 
island, and by the same gentleman that introduc jd the ™ 
the Rev. Henry Ellis. Messrs. Jackson and Son of "^ 
Kingston, have favoured us with the Jwmng^ *f Pr0 . 
We refer it with little hesitation to the 0. f™[™ as made 
fessor Decaisne, notwithstanding he de scribes the le ^^ fa 

up wholly of parenchyme (not f ^ e8t ™^' the i^ ve8 , especially 
our account of the former species, that tnei ^^ ^ 
while young, are not pertuse, the °P enl ° g " D see ° i ea ves which 
parenchyme : so in our present plant we nave f 

had the openings entirely filled up ; but our mort pert^ ^ ^ 
the plant shows the parenchyme to be ^ / veins are per- 
areoles formed by the longitudinal and^ oven ings, the 
forated as it were with small square or fo ^P» ^ obsolete . 
largest next the costa, those next the mar ^ fect 

But this structure, so different from what a ,se ^ leaves arc 
foliage of 0. fenestrate, is not the only a 1 *^^ ligu i at e, the 
longer and much narrower m P^P^T ' ards . the spikes are 
reticulation smaller, the scape is inflated up ' flowers are lax 

four or five in number, fascicled, slender, ana ^ ^^ 

and distant on the rachis, and pale rose-coiou . 

OCTOBER 1st, 1858. 

Mr. Ellis observes, in his letter to us, grow in the same waters, 
and he did not fail to note, on his last visit to Madagascar, that 
" one of the two had longer and narrower and less fenestrate 
leaves than the 0. fenestralis" though, not seeing this in flower, 
he did not at once recognize it as distinct. 

Descr. Leaves all radical, tufted, submerged, from one and 
a half to two feet long, including the petiole (from four to six 
inches), oblong-ligulate, very slightly tapering at the base, obtuse 
at the point, formed of longitudinal and transverse fibres, which 
constitute a beautiful network on each side the costa; the areoles 
sometimes closed with parenchyme, more generally partially 
closed, leaving four-angled openings in the centre, of which the 
larger are next the midrib, and square, becoming smaller and 
forming transverse lines only near the margin. The colour is 
a brighter green than is exhibited by Ouvirandra fenestralis. 
Petioles subtriangular, channelled. Peduncle, or rather, scape, 
radical, swollen above the middle, and contracted again just 
below the inflorescence. Spikes three to five, forming a kind of 
umbel or fascicle of slender rachises, rather sparingly beset 
with flowers. Bracts two, sometimes three, oblong-spathulate, 
subtending each flower. Perianth proper, none. Stamens six ; 
filaments stout, subulate. Anthers subglobose, two-celled. Ova- 
ries three, apparently connected at the base, tapering into short, 
thick styles ; stigma a depressed point. 

Fig. 1. Portion of a leaf in its usual state. 2. Portion of a spike of flowers, 
with bracts. 3. Pistil :— magnified. 

JO 71 

t { K 

Tab. 5077. 

iESCULUS Californica. 
Califomian Buck-eye. 

Nat. Ord. HippocastanejE. — Heptandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Mores polygarai. Col. campamdatus vel tubulosus, quinquefidus 
vel 5-dentatus, plus minus inagqualis. Corolla petala 5, v. antici abortu 4, hy- 
pogyna, plus minus imequalia et same dissiruilia, unguibus erectis, laminis paten- 
tibus. Discus annularis, integerrimus v. lobatus, ssepe unilateralis. Stamina 6- 
8, saepissime 7, liypogyna, libera ; filamenta filiformia, adscendentia ; anthem bilo- 
culares, longitudinaliterdehiscentes. Ovarium sessile, triloculare. Ovula in locu- 
Its gemina, angula centrali superposite inserta, inferius adseendens, superius appen- 
sutn. Stylus filiformis ; stigma acuttim. Capsula coriacea, la?vis v. echinata, tri- 
locularis v. abortu bi-unilocularis, loculieide dehiscens, vaivis medio septil'eris. 
Semina in loculis abortu solitaVia v. rarissime gemina; testa coriacea, nitida; urn- 
bilico basilari lato, deraso, exarillato. Embryonis exalbuminosi curvati cotyledones 
maxima}, carnosse, conferruminatae ; radicula brevis, umbilico proxima; plumida 
diphylla. — Arbores ». frutices, in India boreali et in America Boreali calidiore 
sponte crescentes; foliis oppositis, petiolatis, exstipulatis, palmatim quinque-novem- 
foliolatis; foliolis sessilibns vel petiolatis, penninerviis, serratis ; floribus in racemos 
vel paniculas terminates thyrsoideas dispositis. Endl. 

/Esculus (§ Pavia) Californica; staminibus corolla longioribus, petalis 4, obo- 
vatis brevi-unguiculatis subaequalibus patentibus, calyce tubuloso bilabiate-, 
thyrso multifloro compacto, foliolis 5 ovato-lanceolatis basi subangustatis 
rotundatis argute serratis glabris subtus pallidioribus. 

^Esculus Californica. Nutt. MS. Torr. et Gray, Ft. of N. Am. v. I. p. 251. 
Nutt. Sylm, v. 2. jo. 69. t. 74. Newberry in Williamsons Route to Calif, 
and Oregon, 1855; Bot. p. 20. /. 1. 

Calothtrsus Californica. Spach in Ann. Sc. Nat. ser. 2. p. fi2. 

The Califomian Horse-Chestnut was probably first detected by 
Nuttall, at Monterey, and Drs. Torrey and Gray adopted bis 
manuscript name. Seeds have been sent to Messrs. Veitch, from 
the Exeter and Chelsea Nurseries, and their young trees pro- 
duced fine thyrsi of flowers in July, 1S58. Mr. Newberry (from 
whom we have specimens by favour of Drs. Torrey and Gray) 
found it abundant in the Sacramento Valley ; Mr. Bridges sends 
't to us from the same country. It is described as a Ion-, spread- 

october 1st, 1858. 

ing tree; the tallest seen by Mr. Newberry not more than 
twenty feet high. It has the merit of blossoming at an early 
age, and is remarkable for the dense clusters of flowers, said to 
be rose-coloured in the native country, but which are assuredly 
white in our specimen. It seems to be considered hardy in 
England. From the beauty of the flowers, and the long time 
during which they continue to appear, it would be a highly va- 
luable acquisition to the cultivators of ornamental shrubs in the 
eastern States. The wood is soft, white, and brittle, like that of 
the other species of the genus. 

Descr. A small tree, with smaller leaves, if we may judge 
from our specimens, both cultivated and native, than those of 
our well-known jEscuhis Hippocastanum, and of a firmer tex- 
ture. Leaflets five, petiolulate, glabrous, ovato-lanceolate, mode- 
rately acuminate, closely penniveined. Flowers extremely nume- 
rous, in very dense terminal thyrsi, a span to a foot and more 
long. Calyx tubular, or between tubular and campanulate, 
green, tipped with red, at length two-lipped ; lips unequal, erect 
or nearly so ; upper one the largest, and three-toothed ; lower 
one two-toothed. Corolla of four, nearly equal, obovate, slightly 
undulate, shortly clawed, spreading petals, white in our speci- 
mens ; the two inferior ones are rather the largest, and more 
apart than the two superior ones. Stamens five to seven, longer 
than the petals. Anthers orange-coloured, ovate, bluntly apiculate, 
prolonged at the base of each cell into a blunt spur. Ovary 
oblong, attenuated at the base, where it is surrounded by an 
oblique, fleshy, crenated, glandular cup ; at the apex tapering 
into a thick, subulate, villous style. 

Pig. 1. Stamen. 2. Calyx and pistil. 3. Pistil and hypogynous gland :- 

501 S. 


Tab. 5078. 
CENOTHERA bistorta ; var. Feitchiana. 

Twisted-fruited (Enothera ; Mr. Fetich' s var. 

Nat. Ord. Onagrarie^e.— Octandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. (Fide supra, Tab. 3764.) 

uwoTHERA (§ Sphserostigma) bistorta,- pubescens ramosa viridis, caulibus her- 
baceis erecto-decumbentibus, foliis ovato-lanceolatis acute dentatis inferiori- 
ous petiolatis supremis ovato-acuminatis sessiiibus, floribus in racemum 
ioliosnm (tunc axillaribus) v. bracteatum terrainalem dispositis, tubo calycis 
iniundibuliformis lobis breviore, petalis obovato-rotundatis starainibus duplo 
longioribus, stigmate magno globoso velutino, capsulis quadrangularibus 
demum insigniter tortis. 

(Enothera bistorta. Nutt. MS. Torrey and Gray, Fl. of N. Jmerica, v. I. p. 

(Enothera heterophylla. Nutt. MS., not of Spach (Torrey and Gray). 

Holostigma Bottse. Spach, Onagr.p. 16? 

Var. Feitchii, floribus majoribus speciosis. (Tab. Nostr. 5078.) 

We have here an (Enothera of South California, imported 
by Messrs. Veitch, of the Exeter and Chelsea Nurseries, from 
San Gabriel, through Mr. William Lobb. That it is the 
(Enothera bistorta of Nuttall, of which we have authentic speci- 
mens in our herbarium, there can be, we think, no doubt ; but it 
is equally certain that, like other species of the genus, it is liable 
to vary much in form and clothing of the foliage, and in the size 
and beauty of the flowers. Our native specimen, from Mr. 
Lobb (n. 416), of this very plant gives no idea of the plant in 
cultivation, which, we think, promises to be one of the best of 
any yellow-flowered plants for bedding out, the stems being of 
humble stature, the flowers large and copious with a copious 
succession on the racemes, and when fully expanded, the petals 
exhibit a dark-orange or blood-coloured spot at the base of 
each petal, as in some of the Cistus tribe. Messrs. Torrey 
and Gray have already noticed one variety with the capsules 

OCTOBER 1st, 1858. 

completely coiled when mature ; but on the same specimen we 
often find every form of coiling, reminding one very much of the 
appearance of a worm in various degrees of contortion. The 
species seems peculiar to South California ; Nuttall found it at 
San Diego ; yet the plant is perfectly suited to our summer cli- 
mate, where it ripens its seeds, or may be increased by cuttings. 
The curious stigma is characteristic of the section Splicer ostigma. 
Descr. Annual, pubescent, but not hoary. Stems simple or 
branched, subdecumbent, terete, green, tinged with red on one 
side. Leaves rather distant, lower ones shortly petiolate, lanceo- 
late, acuminate ; upper ones broader and sessile, gradually pass- 
ing into bracts, all of them dentate, the upper ones more deeply so, 
penniveined. Flowers solitary in the axil of almost every leaf and 
bract, short-pedicellate (but the slender ovary has very much the 
appearance of a peduncle). Calyoc ; its long narrow four-angled 
tube adherent with the ovary, except the apex, which is infundi- 
buliform and free. Segments four, lanceolate, reflexed. Petals 
broadly cuneato-rotundate, spreading, full yellow, with small, 
deep blood-coloured spots at the base. Stamens eight, alternately 
shorter, and the tallest much shorter than the petals. Style as 
long as the stamens. Stigma very large, velvety, capitate, yellow. 
Fruit linear, four-angled, one and a half to two inches long, four- 
angled, singularly contorted, and even twisted, as it advances to 

Fig. 1. Upper portion of the ovary, with calvx, segments, and stamens. 
2. Single petal -.—magnified. 




Tab. 5079. 
TRADESCANTIA discolor; var. variegata. 
Purple-leaved Spiderwort ; variegated var. 

Nat. Ord. Commelyne/E.— Hexaxdria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Mores regulares. Sepala 6, libera, patentia \ tria exteriora navi- 
cuJana, persistentia ; tria interiora majora, petaloidea, breviter unguieulata, mar- 
cescendo-persistentia. Stamina 6, subhypogyna, omnia fertilia. Filamenta libera, 
plerumque barbata. Antherce eonformes, loculis reniforinibus, connexivo varia 
ioruia distinctis, interdum tres sepalis exterioribus oppositaa rqbustiores, loculis 
replicatis extrorsse filamentisque brevioribus sustentas. Ovarium sessile, trilocu- 
lare; ovula in loculis 2, superposita. Stylus 1. Stigma, simplex, obtusum, in- 
lundibulare vel peltato-ampliatum. Capsula trilocularis, trivalvis ; valvis medio 
septiferis. Semiua bina, superposita, angulata. — Herbas Americana, erectee vel 
diffusa, scepe repentes. Folia indivisa. VagiriEe integroe. Pedunculi axillares et 
teruinales, solitarii, gemini v. plures, apice 7imbeUaio-pauci-multiflori, scepe brevis- 
simi, subitum, folioque duplici inwhcrati. Kth. 

Tradescantia discolor ; aloidea, caule brevi erecto, foliis lanceolatis acurainatis 

subtus violaceis, pedunculis axillaribus, bracteis insigniter equitantibus 

compressis flores omnino involucrantibus. 
Tradescantia discolor. L'Serit. Serf. Angl. v. 8. t. 12. Ait. Sort. Kew. v. 5. 

p. 403. Smith, Ic. Pict. t. 10. Willd. Sp. PI. v. 2. p. 18. Ker in Bot. 

Mag. t. 1192. Red. Liliac. t. 168. Kth. Emm. PI v. 4. p. 85. 
Tradescantia spathacea. Sw. M. Ltd. Occ. v. I. p. 607. 
Var. variegata ; foliis supra flavo-vittatis. (Tab. Nostr. 5079.) 
Tradescantia variegata, Sort. 

We cannot say much in praise of the figure of the ordinary 
state of this very peculiar plant, published at Tab. 1192 of this 
work, by Mr. Ker, and we are glad of an opportunity to do 
more justice to it, in representing a state of the plant that has 
lately been cultivated in gardens, imported, we believe, from 
Belgium, under the name of Trad, variegata. It is remarkable 
for the rich colour of the under side of the leaves, and the vane- 
gated yellowish lines on the dark-green upper side. The species 
inhabits xMexico, where it is considered to be an aboriginal, but 
it is cultivated in various of the islands in the Gulf of Mexico, 
and in the East as well as the West Indies. It is easily increased 
by cuttings, and this state of the plant especially is worthy ot 

OCTOBER 1st, 1858. 

cultivating in every stove or warm greenhouse. It flowers during 
the summer months. 

Descr. Var. variegata. The rhizome, rather than stem, is 
short and ascending. The leaves are numerous from the sum- 
mit of the rhizome, somewhat aloid, lanceolate, firm, rather 
thick and fleshy, sheathing at the base, dark-green above, with 
pale-yellow streaks running longitudinally, as in the well-known 
" Ribbon-grass," but the lines are less distinct, the back of the 
leaves has a blunt keel, and the colour is a rich purple. Peduncles 
short, thick, axillary, not rising above the sheathing base of the 
leaf, bearing three large bractece, which are complicate, compressed, 
the two upper ones opposite to each other, and completely equi- 
tant, so as to form a compressed cup or involucre, resembling a 
bivalve-shell (some large Tellina), of a purple colour, within which 
t\\e flowers appear, and which are but slightly, if at all, protruded : 
these flowers are pure white. Calyx of three, ovate, spreading 
sepals. Corolla of three, nearly cordate, spreading petals, larger 
than the calyx. Stamens six. Filaments filiform, singular, tortuose, 
bearing a tuft of long, jointed hairs below the middle. Anthers all 
perfect, transversely oblong, subdidymous, yellow. Ovary globose. 
Style subulate. Capsule small, subbaccate, three-celled, red. 

* J^- 1 ' riower " bud - 2. Flower expanded. 3. Stamen. 4. Pistil -.—magni- 
fied. 5. Capsule, nat. size. 6. Transverse section of ditto, magnified. 

Tab. 50S0. 
NEPENTHES villosa. 

Villous Pitcher-plant . 

Nat. Ord. Nepenthace,e.— Dkecia Monodelpiiia. 
Gen. Char. (Fide supra, Tab. 4285.) 

Nepenthes villosa ; rufescenti-villosa, foliis petiolatis, ascidiis caulinis amplis- 
simis cylindraceis antice lamellis duabus longitudinalibus longe fimbriate, 
oris insigniter elongati valde obliqui margine latissimo reflexo plicatira stri- 
ato, operculo ovato demum erecto facie interiore punctata punctis copiosis 
excavatis versus apicem majoribus basi medio carinato. 

Nepenthes villosa. Eook.fil. in Icones Plant. Rar. v. 9. t. 888. 

Dried flowering specimens only, and unfortunately without 
the perfect ascidia or pitchers, of what we believe to be the same 
plant as that here figured, were sent by Hugh Low, Jun., Esq., 
gathered on Kina-Baloo, in Borneo, growing at an elevation of 
about 8000 feet above the level of the sea. Mr. Thomas Lobb 
was more fortunate in sending to Messrs. Veitch and Sons, Exeter 
and Chelsea Nursery, living plants from mountains near Sarawak, 
together with dried flowering specimens, from which our accom- 
panying figures are taken. It as much excels N. Bqfiesiana in 
the peculiarity of the ascidia, as that does all previously known 
species. They are more than a foot long, and the curious broad 
margins to the sides of the elongated mouth resemble the gills of 
a fish in structure and size, and almost in colour, 

Descr. The figure of this curious plant will give a better idea 
°f its general structure than any words can do. The plant is, 
like it congeners, a climber, very hairy, and even extremely vil- 
lous in its young state, but in age the copious spreading hairs, in 
our specimens at least, are evidently more or less deciduous. 
leaves alternate, on rather lone;, sheathing petioles, expanding 
mto the oval or more or less oblong and elongated blade from 
six inches to a foot long, spreading, and generally decurved, sub- 
coriaceo-membranaceous, entire, furnished with a strong central 
costa, nerveless ; this costa is continued for four to six inches, 
more or less, beyond the blade or lamina, and produces a young 
Pitcher [ascidium) at its extremity. The weight, it would appear, 

NOVEMBER 1ST, 1858. 

of this pitcher, causes the prolonged costa and the upper half of 
the blade of the leaf to descend, taking a downward direction ; 
nevertheless, as the pitcher enlarges this has always an upward ten- 
dency, and becomes quite erect, from a span to a foot long ; in an 
early stage closed by the lid, at which time the curious fringe at 
the mouth, while covered with the lid, is very small, as would 
appear from our young dried specimens ; but as our living speci- 
men possesses only a perfectly formed pitcher, we shall confine 
our present description to that. Its general form is cylindrical, 
nine inches in circumference, somewhat ventricose or unequal- 
sided, rather suddenly tapering below into the prolonged costa : 
it is furnished in front for its whole length with two longitudinal 
membranaceous wings, cut into long, simple, or bi- or tri-fid 
segments; the uppermost segments the longest and the most 
divided. The substance of this pitcher is membranaceous, but 
firm, the colour a pale fulvous-green, blotched with purplish- 
brown, and the wings are of that colour : the surface is obscurely 
reticulately veined, and is more or less hairy. The mouth or 
opening is the most extraordinary portion of this pitcher; it is 
very oblique, its margin formed of a substance distinct in tex- 
ture and colour from the rest of the pitcher, of considerable 
breadth (two inches in the widest portion), of a fleshy nature, 
recurved, orange-purple, beautifully plaited or radiated with ele- 
vated lamellated lines, extending upwards to its narrowest por- 
tion, where the lips of the margin meet, project in a keel-like 
form, closing over that part of the mouth. The apex is termi- 
nated by the lid. This, in its perfect state, stands nearly erect, 
is ovato-cordate, apiculate, downy, with a keel or crest at the 
base beneath : its whole under side is impresso-punctate, with 
dots which are quite visible to the naked eve. The colour is 
green, margined and spotted with blood-colour. The lower part 
of the mouth is thus alone pervious, and that very much con- 
tracted. In the inside of the pitchers water is naturally col- 
lected, and, as in other species of the genus, no doubt, is a 
great provision of nature for decoying and for the destruction of 
insects. The petioles of the leaves are deeply channelled above. 
Our dried flowering specimen affords a lateral pedunculated 
raceme of downy male flowers. Perianth of four spreading 
ooovate sepals. Column of stamens bearing a few branched 
hairs. Anthers six, arranged in a capitate whorl. 

Our 1 late represents the young portion of a male plant with flowers (from 
ow _ native dried specimens), and a portion of Messrs. Veitch's cultivated plant, 
with a fully formed pitcher, natural size. 2. Single male flower, magnified. 


Tab. 5081. 
PLOCOSTEMMA lasianthum. 

Woolly-flowered Plocostemma. 

Nat. Ord. Asclepiade.e.— Pentandria Digynia. 

Gen. Char. Plocostemma, Bl. Calyx quinquepartitus. ^jj^J^ 
patens v. reflexa, intus ad basin stnposa. Corona stamnea pen tephyfla ran> 
stegio subsessili adnata ;folioto carnosis, erectis, compressis, ubtus conduph- 
eatis, angulo interiore in dentem anthers incumbent em P™duc o Mem 
memnrana stigmati incumbente terminates. Folkma basi jaffixa, ^J^g 
eompressa, bine marginata. Stigma apieulatnm. *Wk*h V/^'f uSms t - 
j^i Indici, volubiles; foliis o/puife, »ri«*«, •*■"»■* ^rn; umnelliaj* 
dunculatis, terminalibus v. interpetwlanbus, multiflom. m. 

Plocostemma batata; foliis ovalibus ^^^"^^f^S 
umbellis longe pedunculatis pendentibus, corolla reflexa intus ad basin dense 


Plocostemma lasianthum. £to in Rumphia, v. 4. ,. 30 ; Jfw. 2W. Z^-^- 

t>. 60./. 11. 
Hoya lasiantba. Herb. Korthah. (Blume). 

We are favoured with this remarkable Ase ep.adeou plant by 
Mr. Low, of the Clapton Nursery, who imported it fro,, Bor neo 
It proved to be a genus of the famdy allied to Horn which 
Professor Blume has lately estabhshed » /is Rumphu^ »<« 
figured in his valuable ' Museum Botamcum Lug J"****™^ 
dfffering from Hoya, but having the Jo hola £ t s = l crown 

£h : natShe Ma y iay Islauds; the ,-3*, 
as far as yet known, to Borneo. 1 .now- wul us » Jdy 

Descr. A long-stemmed, climbing »*«»> wra 14 
<*.«*., the^ tere^f kg^SSSS*^ 
part of the plant, save the corolla. Leaves opp i ' / ■ , t 
span long, oil, or rather ovate, ^^tftXS- 
acuminate, thick, fleshy dark-green, especially an ^ 

sionally a few pale blotches, veined ; gfg* 1 ^ W»cfe 
in the recent leaf. Prfwfe about an men long, wa 

NOVEMBER 1ST, 1858. 

interpetiolary in our specimen, long, pendent, thickened and 
dilated at the apex, where it bears an umbel or rather a fascicle 
of a considerable number of flowers, all hanging downwards, of 
a tawny-orange colour. Cahjw small, five-lobed. Corolla rotate, 
of five ovate segments, which segments are strongly reflexed upon 
the pedicel, and the margins are recurved ; the disc of the corolla 
cushioned, as it were, with a dense cottony mass, mixed with 
patent hairs. Staminal crotmi singularly large and as described 

Tig. 1. Staminal crown, magnified. 



3 = 

~\£ncenr ETooks.fop- 

Tab. 5082. 

Natal Thunbergia. 

Nat. Ord. Acaxtiiace.e.— Didyxamia Axgiospermia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4119.) 

aHuxbergia Aatalensis; erecta basi fnitescens glabriuscula, foliis subapproxi- 
matis ovatis acutis sessilibus 3-5-nerviis margine simiato-clentato, pedunculis 
axillaribus solitariis unifloris folio subbrevioribus, bracteis ovatis subacumi- 
natia .3-Merviis reticularis, corollas tubo flavo bracteas superante, limbo cseruleo, 
ealycis dentibus 5 latia triangnlaribus obtusis incurvis, antheris bicornibus, 
stylo superne dilatato glanduloso in stigmate concavo triangular! expanse 

Native of Natal, whence the Messrs. Veitch, of the Exeter 
and Chelsea Nurseries, received seeds through Mr. Cuming, and 
reared plants which flowered in the greenhouse in July, 1858. 
Its nearest affinity is doubtless with Thunbergia atriplicifolia of 
E. Meyer ; like that, having sessile and angulately-toothed leaves : 
but these leaves in our plant are almost quite glabrous and much 
larger and broader ; and there is a peculiar character in the five 
broad teeth or segments of the calyx, and very different from the 
numerous spine-like segments of that of B. atriplicifolia, — a 
native however of the same country, where it appears to be ex- 
tremely plentiful, for we have received specimens from various 
correspondents, — whereas our only acquaintance with the present 
species is -through Messrs. Veitch's cultivated specimens. Pro- 
bably Mr. Bentham's Meyenia erecta, from tropical W. Africa, 
figured at our Tab. 5013, may be safely referred to Thunbergia. 
It has not a few points in common with the present plant, but 
the anthers (supposing them to be correct as represented by our 
artist) and the calyx are very different, as well as the stigma : 
and the corolla is very inferior in point of colour. 

Descr. Stem erect, two feet or more high, somewhat shrubby 
below, above herbaceous, green, quadrangular, glabrous except 

NOVBMBKR 1ST, 1858. 

at the internodes. Leaves opposite, the pairs rather approxi- 
mate, sessile, ovate, acute or subacuminate, sinuato-serrate, with 
three primary veins, glabrous above, hairy on the costa and veins 
beneath. Peduncles axillary, solitary, erect, single-flowered, much 
shorter than the leaves. Flowers horizontally drooping, large, 
handsome. Bracts ovate, nearly as long as the tube of the co- 
rolla, to which they are appressed, three-nerved ;. nerves strong, 
reticulated with lesser veins. Corolla with the tube yellow, two 
inches long, curved upwards ; limb large, cut into five broad, ob- 
cordate, nearly equal, horizontally spreading lobes. Calyx minute, 
of six, small, triangular, incurved, apiculate teeth. Stamens four, 
nearly equal in height. Anthers each two-horned. Ovary sur- 
rounded by a large, fleshy disc. Style slender at the base, gla- 
brous, gradually enlarged into a somewhat trumpet-shaped but 
triangular concave stigma, with numerous glandular hairs below 
the stigma. 

Fig. 1. Stamens. 2. Calyx and pistil. 3. Stigma: — magnified. 

"feiceitt titoo 

Tab. 5083. 


White-flowered Nac/elia. 

Nat. Ord. Gesnerace/E. — Didynamia Gymnospermia. 

Gen. Char. Corolla oblique adnata, tubo ventre inflato, limbo inaequaliter 
quinquelobo, fauce late hiante. Amivlus perigynus quinquecrenatus. Stigma 
capitatura. Reliqua ut Gesneria. — Herbse stolonibus perennantes ; foliis oppo- 
site ; fioribus racemosis, ante anthesin revolutis. Hegel. 

NjEGElia multiflora; eaulescens molliter pubescens glanduloso-villosa, folns 
(amplis) longe petiolatis cordatis crenatis, racemis elongatis multiflons, 
corolla; (albse) tubo elongato superne angulato apice sursum curvato yix 
ventricoso limbi valde obliqui lobis patentibus subsequalibus, stylo glandu- 

Gloxinta? multiflora. Martens et Gal. En. PL Mex. Gesnera,p. 3. Herb. Gal. 
n. 1913. 

Kegelia amabilis. Hort. 

Achimexes (Nsegelia) amabilis. Bene, in Fl. des Sevres, for 1857, j»- H98. 

This plant is so closely allied to the well-known Gesnera zebrina 
(see our Tab. 3940), that at first sight I was disposed to consider 
it a white-flowered state of that beautiful species. The nature 
of the clothing, however, is different; the form of the flower (as 
well as the colour) is different, and approximates to that ot our 
GUmnia tubiflora (Tab. 3971). Dr. Regel, who has studied wit u 
great attention the whole Gesneraceous family, and given excel- 
lent figures of his genera, separates Gesnera ^brtna from the 
true Gesnera, under the name of Nmgelia. Whether or not 
the distinguishing marks are of sufficient importance to consti- 
tute a valid genus, the present individual must rank witli it. 
Living plants have been received, from the Belgian Gardens at 
Kew, under the name of Nagelia amabilis, but it .appears iden- 
tical with Martens and Galeotti's Gloxinia? **&* "fgj 
of the eastern Cordillera of Oaxaca, at an eleva tion of 2- M™™* 
above the level of the sea. It flowers with us m the stove m 
the autumnal months. . , nna j „: 7P 

Descr. The general aspeet of the plant the shape and sze 
of the foliage, etc., bear a great resemblance to Negeha (Gesnera) 

NOVEMBER 1ST, 1858. 

zebrina ; but here, besides the soft velvety clothing, there are 
copious patent hairs generally tipped with a gland. Raceme 
terminal, elongated. Pedicels bracteolated at the base, erecto- 
patent. Flowers drooping, shorter than the pedicels, white or 
cream-colour. Calyx almost hispid with glandular hairs. Co- 
rolla with the tube scarcely ventricose, elongated, curved up- 
wards, below the very oblique, rather large, spreading, five- 
lobed, equal limb. Glandular ring nearly entire, crowning the 
ovary ; from within, and from the apex of the ovary, arises a circle 
of bristles. Style glanduloso-pilose. Stigma capitate, umbili- 

Fig. 1. Stamen. 2. Pistil. 3. Transverse section of the ovary : — magnified. 


Tab. 5084. 

CCELOGYNE pandurata. 

Pandurate C&logyne. 

Xat. Ord. Orchide.e.— G-ynandria Monandbla. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 5001.) 

Ccelogyne (§ Flaccidae)* pandurata ; foliis maximis multineiriis, racemo longo 
pendulo, bracteis oblongis cucullatis distantibus persistentibus, petalis se- 
palisque lineari-oblongis, labello basi concavo cordato-oblongo retuso cis 
apicem crispo setaceo-acuminato (lateribus deflexis pandurato), lobis basilari- 
bus nauis acuminatis, disco Isevi tricarinato utrinque crista alta duplici verru- 
culosa aucto citra cristam copiose verrucoso. 

Ccelogyne pandurata. Undley in Gard. Chron. Bee. 10, 1853 ; Folia Orchi- 
dacea, part 5, Ceelogyne, p. 3. 

This very fine Orchideous plant is so very unlike the hitherto 
best-known species of Ccelogyne (generally showy and highly 
ornamental, white or rose-colour, more or less mottled with yel- 
low and dark-purple), that at first sight it would not be easily 
recognized as belonging to the genus : yet it possesses all the 
characters. Indeed it is rare for flowers of any genus to be so 
truly green as in the present plant. It is a native of Borneo, 
imported by Mr. Low, of the Clapton Nursery, and described by 
Dr. Lindley in the works above quoted, from a flowering plant 
in the possession of Messrs. Loddiges, Hackney Nursery, De- 
cember, 1853. Although a native specimen from Mr. Low, 
Jun., is in the Hookerian Herbarium, sent to us by Mr. Low, 
Jun., from Borneo, we have not ourselves had the advantage of 
seeing the living plant. The accompanying figure is from a fine 
specimen in the Orchideous House of — Butler, Esq., Park 
Place, Woolwich. We therefore take advantage of Dr. Lindley 's 
description in most of what follows. 

Descr. Pseudobulbs oblong-ovate, rather large, slightly com- 
pressed. Leaves very large, broad-lanceolate, longitudinally 
striated and plaited. Raceme about as long as the leaves (eighteen 

* This section [Flaccide) is known by its long pendulous racemes. 

NOVEMBER 1ST, 1858. 

or twenty inches). " Flowers about two inches apart, green, in 
a pendent raceme, furnished with brown (green when young), cu- 
cullate, deciduous bracts, as long as the peduncle, Each Jtotver is 
about four inches across if fully expanded, with pale-green sepals 
and petals, and a singularly warted lip, marked with deep broad 
black veins and stains upon a greenish-yellow ground. The 
crests are two, deep, double-warted lines, on each side of a three- 
ribbed, central disc ; these crests converge towards the middle 
of the lip, where they lose themselves in a field of pallid, 
rugged, irregularly situated, often two-lobed warts. The column 
is green, slightly expanded into thin, rounded edges. The lip, 
although really oblong, yet, in consequence of the manner in 
which the sides are bent down, has much the form of a violin. 
A memorandum (of Mr. Low, Jun.) in the Hookerian Herba- 
rium states the flower to emit an agreeable perfume." — Lindley. 

Fig. 1. The lip, nat. size. 2. The column. 3. Pollen-masses: — magnified. 



"Vincent Brooks, isp- 

Tab. 5085. 

OSBECKIA aspera. 

Rough-leaved Osbeckia. 

Nat. Ord. Melastomacej:.— Octandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Cahjcis tubus ovatus, ssepius setis stellatis ant pube stellata vesti- 
tus; lobi 4-5, persistentes aut decidui; appendices inter lobos extus ortse, ionna 
et maoTiitudme varise. Petala 4-5 ; stamina 8-10, filamentis glabns, anthena 
subsequaUbus brevi-rostratis, connective basi breve biaunculato. Ovarium apice 
setosum. Capsula 4-5-locularis. Semina cochleata.-Herba? aid saptui suflru- 
tices Americana, Africans, et Asiatics. Folia integemma, %-h-nervia. *iore= 
terminali. DC. 

Osbeckia aspera; fruticosa, rami junioribus subqnadrangnlanbii s stago y fo 
His petiolatis ovalibua acutis 3-5-nerviis superne : stngosts , subtu sngtde pu^ 
bescentibus ad nervos hispidis, racemis termmahbus pa uciflor s calj as tabo 
hemispheric setoso superne squamuloso squamuhs longe JjAMg* 
setosis, staminibns 10, antheris uniformibus apice rostraUs basx bitubeicu 
latis, ovario longe setoso. 

Osbeckia aspera. *%" rf ^ Pr Jr. JL P«««. ** *■/•:* J 8 ' £$£ 
Tc.Plant Ind.Or n.Zn.t.W. Tfalp. Bepert. v. 2. p. 581. A», 

Melast.p. 74. ,.- 

Melastoma aspernm. J***. ^. P*. *. 560. Ite 0*A P™fr. * 3 ' ? 145 " 

Asterostoma aspernm. Blume, Mm. Bot. Lugd.-Batav. v. 1. p. • 

This has been for many years cultivated in the stoves rf the 
Royal Gardens of Kew, where, during the *™°%£*£^ 
months, it makes a very handsome appearance ,m * st on iy 
three-nerved leaves and its copious large, rich P°**» 
blossoms. It is a native of Ceylon and *>^^In£foiS 
is weU figured in D, ^^^Z^^^^ 
talis.' We are disposed to tniiiK raw % „- „ 

eorrect in referring hither the Osbtcha jfag Be.. h.m Wall. 
Cat. n. 4078 (jJL our tatamg, gJ^-'J- 
comalee — a plant, too, of Di. Wign t a jrou b b 

the .cerate Naudin pronounces the h.totot» „ 
them as such accordingly ; at least he ^ » ™ u rf , )is Cata . 
y««» of Wall. MSS., meaning probably tliereDy 01 

DECEMBER 1ST, 1838. 

logue. References for this plant to Rheed. Hort. Malab. v. 4. 
t. 43, and Rumph. Amboyn. v. 4. t. 71, are justly considered 

Descr. A small shrub, one to two feet and more high; the 
young branches subquadrangular, strigose. Leaves opposite, 
oval or approaching to ovate, acute, petiolate {petiole scarcely 
half an inch long, generally red), strongly three- to five-nerved, 
firm, subcoriaceous, entire; above, strigose with close-pressed 
rigid short hairs or bristles ; beneath, coarsely downy and hispid 
upon the prominent nerves. Flowers subracemose and terminat- 
ing short branches, only one on each branch opening at a time : 
these are very handsome. The calyx-tube is between hemispherical 
and bell-shaped, clothed with coarse bristles ; towards the upper 
part and on the outside of the calyx-lobes are small scales, ter- 
minated by long stellate bristles ; limb of five lobes, spreading, 
deciduous. Petals five, large, obcordate, rich purple, spreading 
horizontally, slightly waved. Stamens ten ; filaments moderately 
long, and nearly equal ; anthers uniform, linear, slightly spirally 
twisted, beaked at the apex and opening by a pore, and at the 
base having a small annulus, with a small two-lobed process in 
front. Ovary crowned at the summit with copious long bristles, 
which project beyond the mouth of the calyx j style bent down 
m a direction opposite to that of the stamens ; stigma obtuse. 

Fig. 1. Calyx and pistil. 2. Stamen -.—magnified. 

W Htdi. delt et Mi 

TmceTit Broo] 

Tab. 5086. 
MONSTERA Adansonii. 

Perforated Monster a. 

Nat. Ord. Aroide^; : Trib. Callace^.— Heptandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Spatha hians, tandem decidua. Spadix sessilis, bast fcKmineus. 
Ovaria bilocularia, loculis biovulatis, ovulis mfiniae axeos parti aflixis erectis. 
Stylus brevis, manifestus. Stigma capitatum. Fructus : bacc<e connata?, epi- 
carpia tandem abjicieutes. — America? tropica? incolm, caule scandente, foliis ovato- 
oblongls integris v. perforatis, petiolis vagina latiuscula dilatatis, spatha ex albido 
fiava, ovariis raphidophoris. Schott. 

Monstera Adansonii ; scandens, foliis oblongo-ovatis cordatis pertusis, spathis 

Monstera Adansonii. Schott, Meletem. Bot. p. 21. Kunth, Emm. Plant, v. 3. 

p. 60. 
Dracontium pertusum. Linn. Sp. PI. 1372. Jacq. Hort. Schonbr. v. 2. jo. 29. 

t. 184-185. Flora Flumm. v. 9. t. 117. TFilld. Sp. PL v. 2. p. 289. 

Hort.Kew. ed. Z.v.Z.p. 336. 
Calla Dracoutium. Mey. Esseq. p. 197- 
Calla pertusa. Kunth, Syn. v. I. p. 129. 
Dracontium, foliis pertusis, caule scandente. Miller, Gard. Did. v. 1 ; Ic. t. 

Arum hederaceum, ampbs foliis perforatis. Plum. Jmer. v. 40. t. 56-57. 

The genus Monstera was established by Adanson upon this 
plant, the Dracontium pertusum of Linnaeus, and adopted by the 
distinguished writer on Aroidea, Dr. Schott, whose generic cha- 
racter we have adopted, and who, in his 'Meletemata Botamca, 
united with it the Arimligulatum, Auct., and Pot/ioscannafolm 
Rudge. Afterwards, in his ' Synopsis Aroidearum, he separated 
the two latter genera, and referred them to Phlodendron. 
Pceppig and Endlicher, however, and Miquel and Gardner and 
Liebmann, have each given a new species to Monstera: how la 
all of them may correspond with Schott's views of the genus, 
have no means of knowing. The plant is a native of tropical 
America and the West Indian Islands, and has been intro- 
duced into English gardens more than a century ago, namely, 
in 1752, bv Mr. Philip Miller. . 

Descr. It is a scandente, several feet in length, running 

DECEMBER 1ST, 1858. 

up the trunks of trees, and attaching itself to their bark by 
thick fleshy fibres. The main stem or trunk is one or two inches 
thick, but variable in size in different parts of the same stem, 
ringed, as it were, with the scars formed by fallen leaves, more or 
less branched; the branches are narrowed at the base, leafy. 
Leaves distichous, long-petioled, from a span to a foot long, 
oblique at the base, acuminulate at the apex, somewhat w T aved 
at the margin, dark-green, glossy, with stout costa, penni- 
veined, entire or in the disc and betw r een the veins more or less 
perforated with large linear or oblong openings, one between 
each pair of veins, at various and very uncertain distances from 
the costa, lying parallel with the veins. Petioles grooved, with 
a membranous and sheathing margin, auricled above. Bractem 
elongated, boat-shaped, green, terminal from between the most 
superior pair of leaves : from this bract the peduncle emerges, 
thick, terete. SpatJia cream-colour, deep cymbiform, ovate, 
acute : in the inside the surface appears as if impressed with 
the flowers of the spadix. Peduncle not much exserted beyond 
the bractea. Spadix included, much shorter than the spatha, 
cylindrical, thick, obtuse, clothed with white pistils for its whole 
length, which are closely compacted ; those towards the base 
without stamens, the rest surrounded by seven stamens, which 
are close-pressed. Filamentshio&d, plane, tipped with two-celled 
anthers. Ovary turbinate, tapering upwards into a short style, 
two-celled, four-seeded. Stigma minute, four-lobed. 

Fig. 1. Single stamen. 2. Pistil from the upper part of the spadix, sur- 
rounded by its stamens. 3. Vertical section of the pistil. 4. Transverse sec- 
tion : — magnified. 


Yinc&nr i 

Tab. 5087. 

APTERANTHES Gussoniana, 

Gussonis Apteranthes. 

Nat. Ord. Asclepiade/E.— Pentandeia Digynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx quinquepartitus. Corolla rotata, quinquefida ;_ locum* late 
ovatis, apice pilosis. Gynostegium faucem subaequans. Corona staminea simplex, 
quinqueloba ; loin* subtriangularibus, obtusis,stigmateincumbentibus, carnosulis, 
basi et a latere globulis obtusis flavis stipatis. Anthem apice simplices ; massa 
pollinis rotundatse, margine hinc pellucidse. Stigma muticum. Folhcuh . . . 
Herba; Stapeliee habitu, in regione Mediterranea occidental^ ramis tetragonisdenta- 
tis, floribus umbellate parvis rufo-fuscis transverse rugosis, ad faucem pilis raris 
inspersis inodoris. De Cand. 

Apteranthes Gussoniana. 

Apteeanthes Gussoniana. Mikan, Act. Acad. Nat. Car. v. 17. p. ***.*.£. 

"Gussoni, Notts. 1832, n. 87, cum ic." Be Cand. Prodr. v. 8. p. 649. 

Cosson et Bur. Fl. Alger, t. 62./. 1 (sine descnpL). 
Stapelia Gussoniana. Jaca. in Bot. Reg. t. 1731. 
Stapelia Europaea. Guss. Act. Soc. Borb. v. 4. p. 81, et Suppl. p. 65. Flor. 

Siculee, v. 1. p. 288. 
Biecheeosia Munbyana, « Became in litt." {ad cl. Mnnby), Menby, Fl. d Alger, 

p. 25. 

Formerly, Asclepiadeous plants, with the habit of the well- 
known genus Stapelia, were supposed to be peculiar to he 
deserts of southern Africa; but we have now, of tins group the 
genus Carallmna, of which two species «Jf«^*"*"5 
Indies, one to Arabia , Boucerosia, whose nine speae* abound 
in the East Indies, Arabia, Senegamb.a ; and M™f e *:™ 
plant now under consideration, the most interest ag o all ma 
geographical point of view, inasmuch as it is - P" 
tative of the group which extends to Europe a was . 
1832, detected by Professor Gussom on the UnUd 
Lampedusa; has 'since been found about 0™n, in Alga a, by 
an English botanist resident there, Mr. Munby • and moic 
eently in saline places at Cape Gata, and at Ataena, £ Spam, 
by Mr. Webb. A solitary species only is known of the genus, 

DECEMBER, 1ST, 1858. 

for " Apteranthes Numidica, Durieu, Explor. Alger, t. 62," of 
Pritzel's valuable ' Iconum Botanicarum Index locupletissimus,' 
should have been Campanula Numidica, which is the name 
written and the plant referred to on the plate quoted. Our 
greenhouse owes the possession of this rarity to Mr. Munby, I 
believe its discoverer in North Africa, unless the Stapelia 
hirsuta of Desfontaines, El. Atlantica, vol i. p. 213 ; — surely it 
cannot be the South African St. Urmia, Linn., although Des- 
fontaines considered it as such. It flowers with us in Sep- 

Descr. The entire aspect of the plant is that of a small- 
flowered Stapelia; the stems and more or less pendent branches 
are quite leafless, about as thick as one's finger, with from four 
to six angles, more or less deeply channelled between the angles, 
and these dentate, at intervals of nearly half an inch from each 
other, with short, sharp, triangular teeth, which are convex below, 
plane above. Flowers small, in umbels springing from the apex of a 
branch, or from a little below the apex, five to seven or eight in an 
umbel. Pedicels very short. Calyx quinquepartite ; segments 
lanceolate, acute, spreading; within, at each sinus, are five small 
ovato-acute scales, only seen on removing the corolla. Corolla 
scarcely three-quarters of an inch broad, rotate, fleshy, pale- 
yellow, mottled and banded with dingy-purple, the five ovate 
segments soon recurved, villous at the faux and at the margins. 
Gynostegium sunk in the short tube of the corolla, . five-lobed 
at the margin ; the lobes dark-purple, triangular, its apex two- 
lobed, yellow : and there are two bright-yellow globose glands 
at the base. These lobes are close-pressed upon the stigma. 
Anthers simple at the apex. Stigma a depressed, obscurely five- 
angled, large, peltate disc. 

Fig. 1. Teeth, from the angles of the stem. 2. Flower. 3. Portion of calyx 
and pistil. 4. Gynostegium : — magnified. 


Vincent Broois, Imp. 

Tab. 5088. 
lobelia trigonocaulis. 

Triangular -stemmed Lobelia . 

Nat. Ord. Lobeliace.e. — Pentandkia Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx tubo obconico, turbinato v. hemisphaerico, cum ovario con- 
nato ; limbo supero, quinquefido. Corolla summo calycis tubo inserta, tubulosa, 
tubo bine apice iisso; limbi quinquefidi uni-bilabiati laciniu tribus iuferioribus 
pendulis, duabus superioribus pendulis v. cum inferioribus conniventibus. Sta- 
mina 3, cum corolla inserta ; fllamenta et antherce, omnea v. saltim duse inferiores 
barbate, in tubum connata3. Ovarium inferum, vertice brevissime exsertum, bi- 
trdoctilare. Ovnla in placentis carnosulis, dissepimento utrinque adnatis v. e Io- 
culorum angulo centrali porrectis, plyrima, anatropa. Stylus inclusus; stigma 
demum exsertum, bilobum ; lobis divaricatis, orbiculatis, subtus pilorum annulo 
cinctis. Capsula bi-trilocularis, ultra verticem exsertum, loculicido-bi-trivalvis, 
Semina pluriraa, minima, scrobiculata. Embryo in axi albitminis carnosi ortho- 
tropus; colyledonibus brevissimis, obtusis; radicula umbilica proxitna, centripeta. 
— Herbae pererenes, v. rarius annua, in regionibus tropicis subtropichque tolius or- 
bis observat<e, in America aquinoctiali imprimis copiosm, in Europa media raris- 
sima, habitu et inflorescentia admodum varia. Endl. 

Lobelia trigonocaulis ; glabra decumbens, caule ramoso trigono sulcato, foliia 
ovatis nunc snbeordatis inEequaliter dentato-laciniatis subpinnatifidis in pe- 
tiolum (datum aequilongum attemiatis supremis angustis, racemis terminali- 
bus foliosis remotifloris, floribus deelinatis, pedicellis filiibrmibus bracteatis, 
calycis laciuiis linearibus ovario longioribus, capsulis maturis subglobosis 
(" semiovatis") nutantibus. 

Lobelia trigouocaulis. F. Mueller, Iragm. Phytogr. Austral, v. I. p. 19. 

The genus Lobelia, though much diminished in number of 
species by the separation of new genera from it, is nevertheless 
still very numerous in individuals. Of these Australia has its fair 
proportion. The present is an addition to those already known, 
and seems peculiar to North-east Australia. Dr. F. Mueller 
gives Brisbane river as the locality, on the authority of Mr. Hill 
and himself. Messrs. Hugh Low and Son, of the Clapton Nur- 
sery, possess living plants reared from seeds sent by Mr. Hill 
from Mount Lindsay, Moreton Bay, and these (from which our 
figure is taken) show it to be a very ornamental plant, and one 
well calculated for " bedding out " in open borders, where blue 
flowers are such a desideratum. The brightness of the colour 

DECEMBER 1ST, 1858. 

is here much enhanced by the large white spot on the lower lip 
and the red tinge on the tube. 

Descr. A rather small, decumbent, herbaceous, glabrous 
plant, with a perennial root (according to Dr. Mueller), and tri- 
angular and furrowed stems and branches. Leaves rather dis- 
tant, an inch to an inch and a half long, ovate, deeply toothed 
and laciniated (sometimes almost cordate), tapering into a winged 
petiole about equal in length with the blade ; upper ones gradu- 
ally smaller and narrower, and almost entire. Racemes terminal, 
leafy ; pedicels distant, erect, filiform, bearing one or two linear 
bracts. Flower declined, not inaptly resembling a Violet. Calyx- 
segments linear, as long as the broad ovate ovary. Corolla blue, 
variegated with white, and a red tinge upon the cleft tube above. 
Capsule semiglobose, drooping. 

Fig. 1. Front view of a flower. 2. Side view of ditto : — magnified. 


TOitcn. ielt etlith. 

Tine eat Broois, Imp 

Tab. 5089. 

fieldia australis. 

Australian Fieldia. 

Nat, Ord. Cyrtandrace*.— Didynamia Angiospermia. 

Gen Char. Calyx 5-partitus, persistans, lobis lanceolato-linearibus, bractea 
spathacea ovata acuta bifida lateraliter stipatus. Corolla tubuloso-ventricosa; Umbo 
quiuquefido, aaquali, subbilabiato. Stamina 4, fertilia, vix didynaroa cum quinto 
sterili dimidio breviore. Anthem globoso-didynamae, biloculares, loculis parallelis. 
Stigma bilaraellatura. Bacca spongiosa, subcarnosa, ovata 1-loculans,. loculis 
parallelis. Placenta duae, carnosee, in laminas recurvas lateraliter products 
Semina plurima, parva, mdulantia, ovato-oblonga aptera.-Suffrutex J f cans 
pseudo-parasiticus, ramosus, ramulis ferrtyutewMmu. Folia qppo.Ua, mlde 
Ljusque jugi inaqualia, remota, breviter peholata, basi cuneata m ^ZZt 
Jrrata. Pedicelli axillares, uniflori. Flores nutantes, ex albo submrescentes. 
Be Cand. 

Fieldia australis. 

Fieldia australis. 

Fieldia australis. All. Cmn. in Field's Mem. of N. 8. Wales, p. 364 {with a 
1 Tu^Sooh Exot. Mora, p. 232. t. 232. Be Cand. Prod. v. 9 p 286. . 
Basyleophyta Frederici-Augusti. F. Muell. 1st Pep. on the Bot. of F.tona, 
p. 16. 

This little-known and singular plant is a native of ! the B\*e 
Mountains of New South Y^J^*"^(JS*Z, 
Mr. Caley, in 1804, and afterwards b y/ t ™ B ™|ield 
who dedicated it to his excellent fnen d 1 he at, Ban™ 
Esq., Judge of the Supreme ^^^S^J *> 
to the same gentleman that Gauuicnauo n , - & * Our plant 
1826, dedicated another plant, one of 'the OrcMe* P ^ 

has also been gathered at Gipps j. ■!*«&*! £^ and at 
Shoal Haven, New South Wales by m . 1857 

Fives' Island, by Mr. Bynoe. We .ere *> ^ 

as to receive living plants iron »*• , greenhouse 

Botanical Garden, which flowered qH«> c«tSaceon 9 
in September, 185S. Its habit is P"^**^^ with the 
plant, and it has perhaps as strong a chum 

Fandalissochiloides, Lindl 

DECEMBER IsT, 1858. 

Bignoniacea as with the Crytandracea, in which latter the 
species are usually herbaceous. 

Descr. This has a straggling, woody stem and branches, some- 
what climbing, and rooting on the rough bark or among moss, 
villous with short fulvons hairs, or more or less downy. Leaves 
opposite, remote, unequal in size, a small one frequently being 
opposed to the larger one, ovate or ovato-lanceolate, downy, 
acuminate, shortly petiolate, coarsely serrated, entire at the base, 
paler and more villous beneath. Veins pinnated, rather ob- 
scure. Peduncles axillary, solitary, nearly an inch long, bearing 
a solitary pendulous flower ; the apex, beneath the calyx, swollen, 
and having a spathseform bract on one side, deeply cut into two 
equal lanceolate segments. Calyx deeply cut into five linear- 
lanceolate, erect, downy segments. Corolla an inch and a half or 
nearly two inches long, tubuloso-cylindrical, downy, pale yellow- 
ish-green, the limb short, equal, cut into five, rounded, spreading 
segments. Stamens four, arising from the very base of the tube. 
Filaments as long as the tube of the corolla. Anthers subglo- 
bose. There is a fifth small abortive stamen. Ovary ovate, 
arising from a glandular annulus, two-celled, many-seeded. Style 
as long as the corolla. Stigma small, unequally two-cleft. 

Fig. 1. Corolla laid open, showing the stamens. 2. Stamen. 3. Pistil. 
4. Transverse section of ovary : — magnified. 


Vincent ] 

Tab. 5090. 
BILLBERGIA Liboniana. 

Libons Billbergia. 

Nat. Ord. Bkomeliace^.— Hexandma Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4756.) 

Eillbergia Liboniana ; surculosa, foliis radicahbus hgulatis acuta WO^ 
margine serrulatis supra tete viridibus subtus obscure ^do-furfora^, 
scano erecto bracteato, bracteis subulatis appressis, spica laxa 6-10-Horo, 
Sbus eUis, sepaHs'erectis rubris, Pf^J^^^^C^dTa^ 
lineari-oblornns intense purpureo-caeruleis basi albldis intus lamims duabus 
dongatis apice dentatis instruct et ad basin squamis duabus obovaUs longe 

Billbekgia Liboniana. Be Jonghe, Journ. d'llort. ^^^^ 
icone. Lem.Jard. Fleur. v. 3. p. 197. Planch. Flore des Serre*, t>. 
p. 195, cum ic. 

Received at Kew from the Belgian &**.**"££ 
stated to have been introduced from the of R.o de Ja 
neiro bv "le voyageur naturahste Libon, after whom it nas 
?e Ld'its P IcTne°name. It is a plant of some , beauty and 
is another plant added to those ^omehaeeM^eH%ie 
serving of cultivation in our hothouses Where the » u «™» ° 
these (in amount of species, we mean) >s c„n £ ble s on, . « 
other is in flower at all seasons ot the J«^ *™ u °' ' , t ■ Kew 
depth of winter. The drawmg was taken from a plant 
Gardens, which flowered in August, 185S- , t0 many of 

Descr. The species is small in statu ^ om P a ™ ; jndein- 
the Bromeliacem, scarcely more than afoot ^in hegh, P 
dent of the scape. The plant » «™**£ ^Zi an inch 
by which the species . easdy >— d, * re nea gp 
tU terete, scaly with *£%£*& ffi Le, with 
SriSbS. SSJ-T- are souam.form, bke those of 

DECEMBER 1ST, 1858. 

the runners ; the inner become gradually larger, a foot long, li- 
gulate, the sides convolute, mucronately acuminate at the apex, 
the margin spinescently serrated, the upper or inner side of the 
leaf is dark-green, the outer paler from a whitish furfuraceous 
substance with which it is more or less invested. Scape arising 
from the centre of the foliage, and scarcely exceeding it in length, 
erect or nearly so, rather slender, bracteated with long, subulate, 
erect, rigid bracts, becoming shorter in the inflorescence. Spike 
lax, of from five to twelve erecto-patent flowers. Sepals ob- 
long, erect, oppressed, imbricate, acute, red, with a paler streak. 
Petals twice as long as the calyx, white below, the rest deep 
purple-blue, linear-oblong, obtuse, erect, straight, the sides con- 
volute, with two linear laminae within, almost as long as the 
petals, toothed at the apex ; and two small scales at the base, 
long-frmged. Filaments inserted just above the laminee, two on 
each petal. Ovary terete, inferior. Style shorter than the petals. 
Stigma three-lobed. 

-Sf «LJ lower ' 2 " Peta1 ' with two stamens > lamina? > and scaIes - 3 - Pkta