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Slants of t\)t ftopal <aartrms of With) 







vol. xv. A 

{Or FoLLXXXV. of the Whole Work.) 

" E'en in the stifling bosom of the town 
A garden, in which nothing thrives, has charms 
That soothe the rich possessor ; much consoled 
That here and there some sprigs of mournful Mint, 
Of Nightshade, or Valerian, grace the wall 
He cultivates." 














Wyt present Uolume is ©efctcatefc 




Royal Gaedens, Kew, 
December \, 1859. 



In which the Latin Names of the Plants contained in the 
Fifteenth Volume of the Third Series (or Eighty-fifth 
Volume of the Work) are alphabetically arranged. 


5138 Aerides Wightianum. 

5139 Areca sapida. 

5113 Angrsecum sesquipedale. 
5122 Agave maculosa. 

5097 Jacquiniana. 

5107 Begonia xanthina ; var. Lazuli. 

5101 Rex. 

5102 xanthina ; var. pictifolia. 

5114 Bilbergia macrocalyx. 

5133 Brachychiton Bidwilli. 
5147 Bryopbyllum proliferum. 

5095 Chrysanthemum carinatum ; var. 


5152 Camellia Sasanqua ; var. anemo- 

5150 Cattleya Schilleriana ; var. con- 

5118 Columnea scandens. 

5154 Calceolaria flexuosa. 

5127 Ceanothus Veitchianus. 
5135 Cheirostemon platanoides. 
5126 Cymbidium eburneum. 
5149 Dissotis Irvingiana. 

5099 Dasylirium Hartwegianum. 

5134 Dendromecon rigidum. 
5106 Dipteracauthus calvescens. 
5156 , ? Herbstii. 

5128 Datura chlorantha ; fiore pleno. 

5130 Dendrobium albo-sanguineum. 

5103 Epigynium leucobotrys. 
5117 iEsculus Indiea. 

5131 zEschynanthus cordifolius. 
5141 Evelyna Caravata. 

5096 Fuchsia simplicicaulis. 
5123 Gynura bicolor. 
5115 Gesneria purpurea. 
5t)19 Goldfussia Thomeoni. 







Gutierrezia gymnospermoides. 

Hoya Cumingiana. 

Hibiscus radiatus j /?. fiore pur- 

Howardia Caracasensis. 
Juanulloa eximia. 
Lselia xanthina. 
Linum pubescens; y3. Sibthor- 

Momordica mixta. 
Monochsetum ensiferum. 
Myosotidium nobile. 
Nepentes ampullaria. 
Pentstemon centranthifolius: 
Phyllocactus anguliger. 
Plectocomia Assamica. 
Rhipsalis sarmentacea. 
Rhododendron Nuttallii. 
Kendrickii ; var. 


Wilsoni {hydri- 


Richardia albo-maculata. 
Sanseviera cylindrica. 
Spathodea campanulata. 
Spiraea Douglasii. 
Spraguea umbellata. 
Statice Bourgisei. 
Stephanophysum Baikiei. 
Stangeria paradoxa. 
Soncrila margaritacea. 
Tachiadenus carinatus. 
Thunbergia coccinea. 
Vriesia psittacina ; var. rubro- 


In which the English Names of the Plants contained in the 
Fifteenth Volume of the Third Series (or Eighty-fifth 
Volume of the Work) are alphabetically arranged. 


5138 Aerides, Dr. Wight's. 
5131 iEschynanthus, heart-leaved. 
5097 Agave, Jacquin's. 

5122 spotted -leaved dwarf. 

5113 Angrsecum, sesquipedalian. 

5139 Areca or Betel-nut. 

5107 Begonia, yellow-flowered ; Lapis- 
Lazuli var. 

5102 yellow-flowered; varie- 
gated-leaved var. 

5101 — 

5114 Bilbergia, long-calyxed 
5133 Brachychiton, Mr. BidwhTs. 
5147 Bryophyllum, proliferous. 
5154 Calceolaria, flexuose. 
5150 Cattleya, Schillerian; whole-co- 
loured var. 
5127 Ceanothus, Mr. Yeitch's. 
5095 Chrysanthemum, keeled; painted 

5118 Columnea, climbing, 
5126 Cymbidium, the ivory. 
5099 Dasylirium, Hartweg's. 
5130 Dendrobium, white -and -san- 

5106 Dipteracanthus, subglabrous. 

5156 Mr. Herbst's. 

5149 Dissotis, Dr. Irving's. 

5103 Epigynium, white-fruited. 

5141 Evelyna, Aublet's. 

5112 Flax, pubescent; Sibthorpe's 

5137 Forget-me-not, Antarctic. 

5096 Fuchsia, slightly-branched. 

5115 Gesneria, purple-flowered. 

5119 Goldfussia, Dr. Thomson's. 

5155 Gutierrezia, Gymnosperma-like. 

5123 Gynura, two- coloured. 

5135 Hand-plant, Mexican. 

5093 Hemp, terete-leaved bowstring. 


5098 Hibiscus, rayed; purple-flowered 

5117 Horse-chestnut, Indian. 
5110 Howardia, Caracas. 
5148 Hoya, Mr. Cuming's. 
5092 Juanulloa, large green-flowered. 

5144 Lselia, yellow-flowered. 

5145 Momordica, large-flowered. 
5132 Monochsetum, sword-bearing. 
5109 Nepenthes, ampullacecus, or 


5142 Pentstemon, red Yalerian-leaved. 

5100 Phyllocactus, angle-stemmed. 

5105 Plectocomia, Assam. 

5134 Poppy, rigid tree. 

5129 Khododendron, Dr. Kendrick's; 
broad-leaved var. 

5146 Mr. Nuttall's. 

5120 Sir James 


5125 Mr. Shepherd's. 

5116 Wilson's (a hy- 

5136 Bhipsalis, sarmentose. 

5140 Bichardia, spotted-leaved. 

5152 Sasanqua; Anemone - flowered 


5104 Sonerila, pearl-spotted. 

5091 Spathodea, bell-flowered. 

5151 Spiraea, Douglas's. 

5143 Spraguea, umbellate. 

5121 Stangeria, the Fern-leaved. 

5153 Statice, Bouvgeau's. 

5111 Stephanophysum, Dr. Baikie's. 
5094 Tachiadenus, keeled. 
5128 Thorn-apple, yellow-flowered. 
5124 Thunbergia, red-flowered. 
5108 Vriesia, parrot-flowered; red- 
bracteated var. 

Tab. 5091. 
SPATHODEA campanulata. 

Bell-flowered Spathodea. 

Nat. Ord. BegoniacEjE. — Didynamia Angiospermia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx spathaceus, antice fissus, postice integerrirnus vel dentatus. 
Corolla hypogyna, subinfundibuliformis, limbi quinquelobi bilabiati lobis sub- 
asqualibus. Stamina corollse tubo inserta, quatuor didynama, cum quinto rudi- 
mentario, rarissime seque fertili ; anthem biloculares, loculis divaricato-patentibus. 
Ovarium, biloculare, ovulis ad dissepimenti margines utrinque plurimis, horizon- 
talibus, anatropis. Stylus simplex ; stigma bilamellatum. Capsula elongato-sili- 
quseformis, bilocularis, bivalvis, valvis dissepimento margiuibus utrinque seraini- 
fero contrariis. Semina plurima, transversa, compressa, utrinque in alam mem- 
branaceam expansa. Emory onis exalbuminosi orthotropi radicula centrifuga.- — 
Frutices vel arbores, inter tropicos totius orbis crescentes ; foliis oppositis vel rarius 
alternis, conjugatis vel impari-pinnatis, interdum simplicibus ; floribus subpaniculaiis, 
aurantiaceiSfJIavis vel violaceis. Endl, 

Spathodea campanulata ; arborea glabra, foliis oppositis impari-pinnatis quad- 
rijugis, foliolis ovato-lanceolatis acuminatis integerrimis basi supra glandu- 
lis 2-3 jnnioribus inferne subsericeis, racemis corymbosis terminalibus, calyce 
magno spathaceo compresso arcuato extus velutino lineato, corolla amplis- 
sima aurantiaca late campanulata sursum curvata subtus valde ventricosa, 
limbi subsequalis lobis late ovatis obtusis plicatis. 

Spathodea campanulata. Beauv. M. d'Oware et de Benin, v. 1. p. 47. t. 29. 
De Cand. Prodr. v. 9. p. 208. Benth. in Niger Flora, p. 461. Jfalp. Annal. 
Bot. Syst. v. B.p. 89. 

Spathodea tulipifera. G. Don> Card. Diet. v. \.p. 223. Be Cand. Prodr. v. 9. 

p. 207., 
.Bignonia tulipifera. Schum. et Thonn. Beshr.p. 273. 

Palisot de Beauvois's figure and description are alike inaccu- 
rate of this magnificent flowering tree, and may be accounted for, 
as Mr. Bentham observes, by the fact that the characters of his 
species described are generally drawn up from mere fragments of 
specimens, and that his drawings, made on the spot, of this and 
other plants, were destroyed, as M. de Beauvois himself tells 
us; — "la proie des flammes que les soi-disant philanthropes de 
Paris ont allumees a St. Domingue." In the figure of the ' Flore 
d'Oware ' the leaves are made to appear alternate, and the flowers 
are reversed upon the rachis and give no idea of their size and 

JANUARY 1ST, 1859. 

beauty. Schumacher's description of his Bignonia tulipifera 
proves it to be the same plant as ours, and he speaks correctly 
of the flowers, "as large as the largest tulips." It is the mis- 
fortune of this plant that it does not bear its blossoms until the 
tree has attained a considerable size, when they air difficult to 
be seen on account of their distance from the spectator, and, in the 
present instance, the necessarily crowded state of our great stove, 
where it has perfected its blossoms. It was almost by an accident 
that they were observed at all. The species is a native of west- 
ern tropical Africa. M. de Beauvois found it at Oware. Mr. 
Osborne, of the Fulham Nursery, raised it from seeds sent to 
him from Ashantee (and to him we are indebted for our plant). 
Schumacher found it in Guinea, and I possess fine specimens 
gathered by Mr. Ansell, who was attached to the Niger E xpedi- 
tion under the command of Captain Trotter, collected on Stir- 
ling hills, at the confluence of the river, and equally good ones 
gathered by the late Dr. Irving at Abeakouta. 

Descr. A tree, said to attain a good size in its native coun- 
try, thirty feet high in our stove, much branched above. Leaves 
opposite, pinnate, dark green, paler and somewhat silkv beneath 
only in the young state, firm and subcoriaceous, a foot to a foot 
and a half long, impari-pinnate. Leaflets about four pairs (ex- 
clusive of the terminal one), ovato-lanceolate, acute, quite entire, 
pennmerved, having at the base, on the upper side, and just above 
the short petiolule, two to three fleshy subglobose glands. Ra- 
ceme terminal, corymbose, large, spreading, consisting of eight to 
ten rather long and stout-pedicelled, very large, showy flowers. 
Ihe curious calyx is quite like a spatha, two and a half inches 
long splitting open on one side for the emission of the corolla, 
and lalcately recurved, leaning, as it were, back from the corolla: 
its texture is thick and coriaceous, externally velvety, and of a 
dingy-green colour, striated with raised lines, red within. Corolla 
at least four inches long, and as much broad, of a rich orange-red 
colour paler within the tube, in form broad-campanulafe, yet 
curved upwards, the tube suddenly contracted at the very base, 
where it is attached to the calyx; singularly ventricose on its 
under side, striated; the faux very broad and open ; the limb 
spreading nearly equal, of five, broad, ovate, plicate, and some- 
what undulated segments. Stamens four, included within the 
broad tube spreading, two a little taller than the other two. 
Anthers of two divergent, linear-oblong, dark-brown, linear cells, 
opening longitudinally. Ovary ovate, sunk into a large fleshy 
gland or ring. Style as long as the stamens. Stigma two-lipped 

Fig. 1. Pistil and hypoffynous gland or n no- 9 T- ,- .- 

3. One of the anthers ■-magnified g ' lrausverse section of ovary- 


Tab. 5092. 
JUANULLOA? eximia. 

Large green-Jlowered Juanulloa. 

• Nat. Ord. SolanE/E. — Pentandria Monoqynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx amplus, coloratus, inflatus, ovatus vel ovato-tubulosus, 
subcarnosus vel membranaceus, 5-divisus; laciniis plus minus longis, erectis, 
acutia vel acutiusculis. Corolla subcarnosa vel membranacea, tubulosa, calyce 
longior, fauce paulo contracta, tubo plus minus inflato, limbo brevi, 5-partito, 
lobis ovatis obtusiusculis vel rotundatis, aestivatione imbricata. Stamina 5, tubo 
breviora, basi corollas tubi inserta, erecta. Filamenta filiformia, basi villosa. 
Anthera lineareS, sagittatae, intus longitudinaliter debiscentes.' Ovarium conicum, 
basi j disco annulari magno 5-lobo carnoso cinctum, biloculare, placentis disse- 
pimento adnatis multi-ovulatis. Stylus filiformis, tubo breviore, apice crasses- 
cens. Stigma oblongnm, apice bilobum. Bacca ovato-globosa, magni cerasi mag- 
nitudinis, bilocularis, calyce vestita. Semina plurima, oblongo-reniformia, in 
pulpa nidulantia. Embryo ignotus.— Frutices ex America calidiori. Be Cand. 

Juanulloa eximia; corollas amplissimse viridis tubo campanulato infundibuli- 
formi longitudinaliter angulato, limbi laciniis latis longe acuminatis revo- 
lntis, staminibus approximatis exsertis. 

Brugmansia eximia. Hort. 

We are indebted to the Messrs. Henderson, of Pine-apple 
Place Nursery, for this remarkable plant, which they received 
from the Continent under the name of Brugmansia eximia. In 
its foliage it presented nothing of the appearance of a Brug- 
mansia, or of any of the arborescent species of Datura ; and our 
astonishment was great when it produced the flower here repre- 
sented, in the summer of 1858, to see a corolla having a good 
deal the form of, and excelling in size any, Datura or Brugmansia, 
yet with a calyx of a very different character, and much more like 
that of a Juanulloa, which the foliage and general habit of the 
shrub also a good deal resemble : it is also very different from 
any described Solandra, save that it has singularly green flowers 
like Solandra viridiflora. May it not be a hybrid ? But if so, 
we cannot guess what are the respective parents. It is to be 
lamented that such a noble-sized corolla should have no brilliant 
colour to recommend it. 

JANUARY 1ST, 1859. 

Descr. This very peculiar plant, whether it be in its natural 
state, or metamorphosed by hybridization, has in its mode of growth 
and foliage more of a Juanulloa than of a Brugmansia or any 
frutescent Datura, and more still of a Solandra, than which it 
forms a much more compact bush ; it is moderately branched. 
Branches ternate, woody. Leaves large, oval, firm, subcoriaceous, 
glossy, shortly acuminate, quite entire, tapering into a stout 
petiole about half an inch long. Flowers, in our plant, lateral 
(not strictly axillary), in pairs, very large, drooping. Peduncle 
scarcely an inch long, stout, curved downwards. Calyx broad- 
ovate and an inch and three-quarters long and as much broad, 
of a thick, subcoriaceous texture, very broad-ovate, five-valved 
and five-angled, in bud sharply so at the sinus ; aestivation val- 
vate, bursting irregularly into five acute lobes of unequal lengths, 
sometimes two or more continuing adherent at the margin (as in 
Juanulloa). Corolla nearly six inches long, and quite as broad 
across the limb, if allowance be made for the recurvation of its 
lobes ; the form is between infundibuliform and campanulate ; 
the colour quite green, but with a peculiar tinge of yellow upon 
it ; the tube has five longitudinal angles, and, alternating with 
these, five lesser ones ; the mouth spreads widely ; the limb has 
five broad but sharply acuminate, quite revolute lobes, each 
with three impressed lines or longitudinal plaits. Stamens five. 
Filaments erect and approximate, a little longer than the tube, 
so that the linear anthers, an inch long, are quite exserted. Ovary 
broad-ovate, surrounded by a fleshy ring. Style filiform, quite 
as long as the filaments of the stamens. Stigma an inch long, 
mcrassated, bifid, the apices of the lobes spreading. 

F]g . 1. Pistil and fleshy ring. 2. Ovary, cut through transversely— 
magnified. J 


Tab. 5093. 
SANSEVIERA cylindrica. 

Ife. Terete-leaved Bowstring Hemp. 

Nat. Ord. Asparagine^e. — Hexandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Perigonium corollaceum, tubulosum, rectiusculum, usque ad me- 
dium 6-fidum, deciduum; laciuiis subspathulato-linearibus, obtusis, uninerviis, 
sequalibus, patentissimis (refiexis, Gawl.). Stamina 6, fauce perigonii inserta, 
exserta, patula (patentissima, Gawl.). Filamenta filiformia. Anthera biloculares, 
lineari-oblongBe, apice bilobae, basi bifida?, dorso medio affixse, introrsse. Ovarium 
liberum, sessile, oblongum, trigonum? (trilobum, Roxb), triloculare; ovula iu 
loculis solitaria, sessilia, adscendentia, anatropa. Columna styliua terrainalis, fili- 
formis, erecta, stamina superans. Stigma capitatum, integrum. Bacca 1-3, 
leviter unitae, singulse, globosse, carnosse, monospermy. Semen globosum. 
Embryo in basi albuminis ad latus exterius locatus. — Plantse acaules, perennantes, 
stoloniferae. Khizoma crassum, repens. Folia radicalia pluri- vel bi-faria, lanceolata, 
crassa atque dura, came fibrosa, scepe fasciata, basi vaginantia. Scapus e centro 
foliorum prodiens, bracteatus, simplex, apice racemoso-multiflorus. Mores per 
4-6 fasciculato-congesti, bracteolati, viridtdo-albi vel viridulo-flavidi ; pedicellis 
supra medium articulatis. Perigonium basi in pedicellum attenuatum. Kunth. 

Sansevieba cylindrica; foliis teretibus acuminatis solidis, scapo radical!, racemo 
composito elongato acuminato, sepalis iinearibus inferne in tubum approxi- 
mate demum apice revolutis, staminibus longe exsertis. 

Sanseviera cylindrica. Bojer, Hort. Maurit. p. 349 {name only). 

Sanseviera Angolensis. Wellwitsch, MSS. 

About three years since there were received at the Foreign 
Office, and transferred to the Admiralty, samples of a peculiar 
fibre and cordage under the name of Ife, said to be derived from 
a new plant at the Portuguese settlement, Angola, west coast of 
Africa. These were accompanied by some apparently living 
plants, which were placed in the cellars of the Foreign Office, 
and by the kindness of our valued friend, G. Lenox-Coningham, 
Esq., forwarded to Kew, where they soon recovered, and have 
since flowered. The habit of the plant was that of Sanseviera, 
but the leaves very dark-coloured, and quite terete and solid in 
the interior, very unlike any known species of that genus. My 
duties at the Paris Exhibition of 1858 led me to the careful in- 

JANUARY 1ST, 1859. 

vestigation of the vegetable products, and I was there agreeably 
surprised to find most extensive samples, in the Portuguese de- 
partment, of the raw material, fibre, and manufactured articles, 
ship-cables, rope, beautiful cordage, etc., of the same material, 
and amongst ' The Products of Angola,' it is thus stated in my 
' Report : ' — " Fibre, marked, from Sanseviera Angohnsis, this 
latter being a MS. name of Dr. Wellwitsch for a remarkable spe- 
cies of Sanseviera, with long, stout, terete leaves, which is in culti- 
vation at Kew. The cordage and rope made of this plant appear 
to the eye of excellent quality, whatever experience may prove 
them to be." — Experiments recently made with this cordage have 
shown it to be the strongest and best fitted for deep-sea sound- 
ing of any fibre known ; indeed this is the less surprising, seeing 
that other species of Sanseviera (the well-known S. Zeylanica and 
Guineensis, for example) are cultivated in almost all tropical 
countries on account of the strength and durability of the fibre, 
under the name of Bowstring Hemp. 

Our Gardens having lately received from Mauritius, through 
Mr. Duncan, living roots of S. ct/lindrica of Bojer, in the 
' Hortus Mauritianus/ without note or description, I have been 
agreeably surprised to find that the two plants are identical. It 
is indeed stated that the 8. cylindrica is a native of Zanzibar, 
on the east coast of' Africa, and is only known in cultivation in 
the Botanic Gardens of Mauritius. I have no means then of 
ascertaining whether this curious plant has been introduced by 
the Portuguese from their settlements on the east coast of Africa 
to Angola on the west, or vice versa; or whether, as appears to 
be the case with other plants, it is an aboriginal on both sides of 
that great continent, and more or less, possibly, of the interior. 
Dr. Livingstone told me he was very familiar with the T/e in se- 
veral districts of the western interior of Africa towards Angola. 
It flowered with us for the first time in August, 1858, and 
though the blossoms have little to recommend them, the plant 
deserves a place in all collections where the useful products of 
vegetables are appreciated, and many a piece of waste land in 
our tropical colonies might be profitably employed in the cultiva- 
tion of it for its fibre. It grows rapidly, and requires almost no 


Desch. Perennial. Soot, coarse and fleshy. Plants throwing 
oil ™»m from the base and speedily sending up new shoots 
W all radical, tufted, few, not more'than eight or ten, in a tuft, 
nLhl r Dy , ? DleSS ,be short ' ^mal ones, which almost 
U ^lf e T d are m ° le 0r less fum ™'ed «n the upper side, 
to ^ h / eSt Var " V iD IeD « th ' from s « to eight inches 

™Zlf'« :V ral0 -P atent ' quite terete, solid within, 
occupied by firm, fleshy, cellular matter and copious fibre, of 

dark-green colour, externally sometimes a little glaucous, and not 
unfrequently banded transversely with paler lines, acuminated, 
a little compressed at its apex, now and then longitudinally fur- 
rowed with three or four shallow lines. Scape, below the flowers, 
eight to ten inches or more long, shorter than the leaves! 
Raceme a foot or more in length, tapering upwards, having fas- 
cicles of numerous flowers all along the rachis. Bracts small, 
very deciduous. Perianth of six, narrow-linear, very long' 
cream-white sepals, tinged with pink; rather more than the 
lower half of them is erect and approximate, so as to form a 
tube, but eventually separating, and soon deciduous ; the rest are 
revolute. Stamens very much exserted, twice as long as the 
tube of the perianth. Filaments slender. Anthers linear, pale- 
yellow. Ovary oblong, trigonous, three-celled. Cells one-seeded. 
Style filiform, longer than the stamens. Stigma capitate, three- 

Fig. 1. Apex of one of the larger leaves. 2. Flower. 3. Pistil. 4. Ovary 
cut. through transversely : — magnified. 

Tab. 5094. 
TACHIADENUS carinatus. 

Keeled Tachiadenus. 

Nat. Ord. GentianejE. — Pentandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx 5-fidus v. 5-partitus; segmentis doreo carinatis v. alatis; 
valvaribus planiusculis, acuminatis. Corolla hypocraterimorpha, nuda, decidua ; 
tubo tenui, apice in faucem anguste campanulatam ampliato, aequali ; limbo ex- 
panso, 5-partito; lobis paulum supra-incumbentibus. Stamina 5, fa uce corolla? 
inserta ; filamentis laeviusculis, Eequalibus. Anthera erectse, immutatse, neque (?) 
apiculatae. Ovarium annulo basilari continuo glanduloso cinctum, valvulis pa- 
rum introflexis, subuniloculare ; ovulis ipsarum margine intus discreto quaternis 
seriebus insertis. Stylus distinctus, persistens ; stigmate indiviso, capitulato, ovoi- 
deo. Capsula bivalvis, septicida, subunilocularis ; placentis margine valvarum in- 
tus discreto insertis. Semina placentis immersa. — Suffrutices v. herbte Mada- 
gascarienses; inflorescentia terminali; floribus purpureis (albis, Griseb.) ; tubo 
corollas elongato, gracillimo. Griseb. in Be Card. 

Taciitadenus carinatus ; caule suffruticoso tetragono, foliis ovalibus sessilibus 
trinerviis, cyma terminali bis dichotoma, calycis quinquefidi alis obverse 
semi-Janceolatis lobis linearibus, corollae tubo biunciali apice ventricoso lobos 
late ovatos acutiusculos plus duplo superante, genitalibus inclusis. 

Tachiadenus carinatus. GrisebacJi, Gent. p. 200. DeCand. Prodr. v. 9. p. 81. 

Lisianthus carinatus. Lam. Diet. v. 2. p. 258. t. 107. /. 2. WilU. Sp. PI. 
v. I. p. 829. 

Native of Madagascar, and probably common enough there 
(as we have received native specimens from thence, from the late 
Professor Bojer, from Dr. Lyall, and also from M. Bouton) ; yet 
when one knows the beauty of this plant and the difficulty of 
obtaining any plants from that fertile region, one cannot be too 
thankful to the Rev. William Ellis* for having introduced this 
and several other Madagascar plants, of great rarity and inter- 
est, to our stoves, through his energy and great love of plants. 
.Beautiful as are European species of the well-known Gentian 

* Author, some years ago, of ' Polynesian Kesearches,' and more recently of 
' Three Missionary Visits to Madagascar, in 1853, 1854, and 1856,' published by 
Murray, a work full of the deepest interest to the philanthropist and to the lover 
of natural history, clearly proving that an attention to the works of nature by no 
means detracts from his missionary usefulness. We owe to him the introduction 
of two species of the wonderful Lace-leaf to our stoves ; both figured in the pre- 
sent work. 

JANUARY 1st, 1859. 

family, especially in the Alpine regions, the most lovely of them 
have their representatives in tropical countries, in the charming 
species of Lisianthus in South America, and in those of Tachia- 
danthus'm Madagascar. A clever drawing by Mrs. Ellis (from 
which our plate is copied), accompanied by a recent flowering 
specimen, was sent from the garden at Hoddesdon in October, 
1858, raised by Mr. Ellis from seeds brought home with him. 
The five species of this genus hitherto described by authors, 
have been considered to have white flowers, but this was only 
inferred from the withered corollas in dried specimens. They 
are probably all purple or blue-purple, and of a peculiar rich 
tint not easily expressed by art. 

Descr. A low, suffruticose plant; that is, woody below, all 
the leafy and flowering branches being herbaceous, and these are 
tetragonous, glabrous, as in the whole plant, dichotomously 
branched. Leaves in remote, opposite pairs, one to one and a 
half inches long, oval, acute, three- to five-nerved, spreading hori- 
zontally. Cyme terminal, generally twice dichotomous, and near 
to these is also an axillary pair of flowers. Pedicel shorter than 
the leaf. Calyx oblong, with five linear, subulate, carinated lobes, 
from the back of each of which a winged angle extends to the 
base of the calyx. Corolla hypocrateriform, with a very long, 
slender, white tube, two to three inches long, a little enlarged 
upwards ; limb spreading horizontally, rich purple, of five imbri- 
cating, broad-ovate, acute lobes; in the faux are four, short, 
ovate acute teeth, alternating with the segments of the corolla, 
which have been overlooked by authors who have seen only dried 
specimens. Stamens inserted at the base of the inflated portion 
ot the tube quite included ; filaments short. Anthers sagittate, 
acute, apiculate. Ovary subfusiform, surrounded by a ring of 
small, scale-like glands. Style filiform, shorter than the tube of 
tne corolla. Stiyma ovate, bipartite, lobes erect 

and the \Jt tL f o ^ , 0pen ' sh ° Win S the stamens > *W e > and sti S ma > 

Se ^tiTS? rf««¥ l -• 2 " . Ca k X With P istiL 3 - Calyx laid open, shoeing 
the pufal and glandular nng. 4. Ovary cut through transversely —magnified 

WKlcTi del 

"Viae en.t Tiro oks , Imp ■ 

Tab. 5095. 
CHRYSANTHEMUM carinatum; var. pictum. 

Keeled Chrysanthemum : painted var. 

Nat. Ord. Composite. — Syngenesia Superflua. 

Gen. Char. Chrysanthemum, Be Cand. — Capitulum multiflorum, heteroga- 
mum ; floribus radii uniseriatis, ligulatis, fcemineis, rarissime nullis ; disci tubu- 
losis, hermaphroditis. Involucri campanulati ; squama imbricatse, margine sca- 
riosaa. Receptaculum nudum. Corolla radii ligulatse, disci tubulosae ; tubo tereti 
v. obcouipresso, bialato ; limbo quadri- v. quinque-dentato. Anthem ecaudata?. 
Stigmata exappendiculata. Achenia radii triquetra v. trialata, angulis alisve 
duabus lateralibus, tertia introrsa; disci ala brevi introrsum exserta. Pappus 
nullus v. coroniformis. — Herbae v. frutices per regiones temperatas veteris orbis 
dispersi ; foliis alternis, habitu vario. Endl. 

Chrysanthemum (§ Ismelia) carinatum; herbaceum glabrum, caule erecto ra- 
moso diffuso, foliis bipinnati-partitis carnosis, lobis linearibus apice den 
tatis acutis, ramis apice nudis nionocepbalis, involucri squamis carinatis. 
Be Cand. 

Chrysanthemum carinatum. Schousb. Plant. Maroc. p. 198. t. 6. Willd. Sp. 
PI. v. Z.p. 2146. Be Cand. Prodr. v. 3. p. 65. Sprung. Syst. Veget. v. 3. 
p. 583. 

Chrysanthemum tricolor. Andr. Bot. Rep. v. 2. p. 109. 

Ismelia versicolor. Cass, in Bid. Sc. Nat. v. 41. p. 40. 

Var. pictum; radii lignlia bi-triseriatis colore albo, luteo rubroqtie varie pictis. 
(Tab. Nostr. 5095.) 

The ordinary form of this plant is given at our Tab. 508 (in a 
very early volume of the ' Botanical Magazine'), soon after the 
seeds were sent bv M. Broussonet from the coast of Barbary to 
Mr. Aiton, at the Royal Gardens of Kew, almost sixty years ago. 
It has proved to be a hardy annual ; and, even in its original 
state, on account of the large size of the flowers, the dark-purple 
eye, and the white rays, yellow at the base, it was spoken of by 
Mr. Curtis as " the beautiful Chrysanthemum ;" and he gave it 
the name of C. tricolor, without being aware that it was pre- 
viously described by Schousboe, under that of C. carinatum, so 
called on account of the remarkable green, fleshy keel at the 

JANUARY 1ST, 1859. 

back of each membranaceous scale of the involucre. Cassini 
constituted of this a new genus, Ismelia, on very slight grounds, 
and then very unnecessarily changed the specific appellation to 
the no less appropriate one of versicolor. Curtis and others had 
observed that the rays of the corolla were sometimes wholly 
yellow. Mr. William Thompson, of Ipswich, has sent to us du- 
ring, the summer of 1858 the singularly beautiful varieties here 
figured, which were raised by Mr. K. Burridge, Lexden Road, 
Colchester. We have seldom seen a richer combination of co- 
lour than is exhibited in these flowers; and if the seed is found 
to continue constant to its parent, no flower-border ought to be 
without this variety. 


Tab. 5096. 
fuchsia simplicicaulis. 

Slightly-branched Fuchsia. 

Nat. Ord. Onaorarie^:. — Octandria Monoqynia. 
Gen. Char. (Fide supra, Tab. 4082.) 

Fuchsia (§ Longiflora?) simplicicaulis ; parce ramosa glabra, ramis floralibus 
elongatis pendentibus, foliis 3-4-verticillatis lanceolatis seu ovato-lanceolatis 
acuminatis brevi-petiolatis integerrimis subnitidis subtus pallidis, racemis 
Miosis, floribus ternis quaternisve roseo-coccineis, tubo elongate- infundibu- 
hformi basi inflato-gibbosa, sepalis lanceolatis petala ovata acuta coccinca 

Fuchsia simplicicaulis. Ruiz et Pav. II. CHI. et Per. v. 4. p. 89. t. 322 a. 
De Candolle, Prodr. v. 3. p. 39. 

The genus Fuchsia includes a considerable number of species, 
but the difficulty of naming them correctly is, beyond anything, 
great ; and this difficulty arises in part from the liability of these 
plants to vary much in their inflorescence, size, and the shape of 
the flowers, and in part from brief and imperfect descriptions. 
The present species is one of the many beautiful Peruvian plants 
new to our collections, which Mr. William Lobb sent to his em- 
ployers, Messrs. Veitch and Son, of the Nurseries at Exeter and 
Chelsea, and which in many respects corresponds with the P. 
simplicicaulis of Ruiz and Pavon; the flowers quite correspond 
in size and shape, and the whorl of flowers is subtended by I 
corresponding whorl of large foliaceous bractcrc, or small leaves ; 
but in Ruiz and Pavon's plant the leaves and the bracteaa are all 
lanceolate, and even rather narrow-lanceolate, and the whorls are 
figured and described as always quaternate, whereas in our plant 
the leaves and bracts are ternate, and rather ovate than lanceo- 
late, and the latter close over the pedicels so as to form a cup- 
shaped involucre. Some of our native dried specimens, indeed, 
sufficiently accord with Ruiz and Pavon's plant; but others 
seem gradually to pass into the F. venmta of Humboldt and 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1859, 

Kunth. The flowering plant here figured was communicated 
from the Chelsea Nursery, where it was in great beauty in Oc- 
tober, 1858. 

Descr. Plant moderately branched, and indeed Ruiz and 
Pavon's figure represents it so (spite of the specific name), and 
even with verticillate branches, as might be expected to occur ; 
glabrous, as is the whole plant. Leaves ternate (quaternate, K 
and P.) on the main stem and branches, four to five inches long, 
much smaller upon the pendulous, elongated, flowering branches, 
where they become bracteiform, but spreading; their form is 
ovate, approaching to lanceolate, a little polished above, entire, 
on very short petioles, those of the bracts sessile. Flowers large, 
handsome, numerous, rose-scarlet, one in the axil of each floral 
leaf or bractea, pendent. Pedicels short. Ovary oval. Tube 
of the calyx long, infundibuliform ; the segments spreading, four, 
lanceolate. Petals ovate, acute (red), shorter than the sepals. 
Stamens exserted, but moderately so. 

Fig. 1. Leaves from the lower part of the plant, not. size. 

Tab. 5097. 
AGAVE Jacquiniana. 

Jacquins Agave. 

Nat. Ord. Amaryllide;e.— Hexandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supm, Tab. 4934.) 

Agave Jacquiniana ■■; caulescens, foliia lineari-lanceolatis acuminata i crassiuscu- 
lis remote dentato-spinosis, spinis curvatis, scapo 10-12-pedali bracteato, 
florum fasciculis densis, perianthii viridis tubo (cum ovano adnato) tereti- 
oblongo 6-sulcato, limbi laciniis lineari-oblongis erectis in tubuui subcouni- 
ventibus canaliculars obtusis, filamentis sepala plus quam duplo excedentibus 
stylum asquantibus, capsula urceolata obtusa tngona, pamcula clemum 
sobolifera . 

Agave Jacquiniana. Schultes, Syst. Veget. 7-^- 727. Kunth, En. Plant, v. 5. 
p. 827. 

Agave lurida. Jacq. Coll. v. 4. p. 94. 1. 1. {excl. syn.) Salm-BycJc, Hort. 1834, 
p. 302. 

The true Agave lurida of Hortus Kewensis, ed. 1. v . 1. p. 472, 
and ed. 2. v. 2. p. 302, is figured and described by Mr Gawlcr 
(Bot. Mag. t. 1522) from the original Kew pant, which has 
since died. This is the Agave Vera-Cruz of Miller Gard Diet. 
ed. 8. n. 7 ; and Mr. Gawler has accurately pointed out the dif- 
ferences between this plant and the Agave lurida of Jacquins 
< Collectanea Botanica,' v. 4. p. 92. t. 1. In the original Agave 
lurida the flowers are lax and distant, twice the size ol those ol 
Jacquin's Agave; the tube (with the adnate ovary) is almost 
elongato-cylindrical, constricted above the base, longer than tne 
sepals, which are broad-lanceolate, acuminate, concave, and spread- 
ing; the filaments of the stamens are quite erect, and green w 
well as the anthers. Jacquin's Agave has densely crowded 
flowers, the ovary six-furrowed, shorter than the sepals, which 
latter are quite erect and almost conmvent, the stamens are 
spreading and vellow, and the peduncles are sobohlerous or 
viviparous. About ten or twelve years since, we received an 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1859. 

Agave from Mrs. M'Donald, of Honduras (which accompanied 
the noble-flowered Cerent MacdonakUa, Bot. Mag. t. 4707) ; 
and this, upon flowering in our Palm-house, in the autumn of 
1858, corresponded in every particular with the figured descrip- 
tion of Jacquin. That Agave, Schultes, in accordance with the 
views expressed by Mr. Gawler, has named Agave Jacquim- 
ana. The fruit too, which is now (.Ian. 1^59) fully formed, pre- 
cisely accords with that figured in the ' Collectanea Botanica,' 
and that fruit is not a little remarkable, being exactly urceolate, 
with a very contracted neck. 

The above remarks may serve as a substitute for any long or 
tedious description. 

Descr. Stem ascending, a foot and a half high, scarred with 
the remains of fallen leaves. The perfect leaves form a crown, 
and are from two and a half to three feet long, narrow-lanceolate, 
pungently acuminate, spreading in all directions, the superior 
and younger ones erect, the middle ones horizontal, the infe- 
rior ones reflexed, remotely dentato-spinose with curved spines. 
Scape about twelve feet long, stout m proportion, quite erect, 
firm and rigid, almost scaly with withered bracteas. Panicle 
compound. Pedicels stout, dichotomously divided. Flowers 
geminate or ternate, bracteolate, some quite sessile Perianth 
quite green, little more than two inches long; the tubular portion 
is oblong-oval, six-furrowed ; the free portion, or sepals, more than 
half as long again as the tube, linear-oblong, channelled, obtuse, 
quite erect, and connivent, pressing as it were against the yellow, 
much exserted stamens; these stamens are twice as long as the 
sepals, spreading. Anthers very large, full-yellow, versatile. Style 
as long as the filaments. Stigma obscurely three-lobed. Fruit, 
or capsule when fully formed, an inch and a half long, urceolate, 
almost black when ripe, with a very contracted neck, three- 
celled, three-valved, containing m each cell several black angular 

3 PnrtL r enng ^ lant> ° n a Ver y reduced scale - 2 - A P e * o f a leaf, nat. she. 
the serX I * fT^ ™ th fl ° WerS also > naL *»• 4 - Ovary antl style, after 
ma ff n$et " ""** 5 " ^"ene action of the same -.-slightly 



- : ..DJ3rooi£9,iffr 

Tab. 5098. 

HIBISCUS radiatus; £. flore purpureo. 

Rayed Hibiscus ; purple-flowered var. 

Nat. Orel. Malvace^:.— Monadelphia Polyandria. 

Hibiscus (§ Furcaria) radiatus; suffruticosus, caule aculeato, stipulis linear*- 
bus, foliis digitatim 3-7 -partitas, lobis laaceolatis acuimnatis grosse serratis, 
pedicellis brevissimia calyce involucroque infra apicem unispmoso ngide 

a. petalis fiavis basi atrosanguinea. 

Hibiscus radiatus. Gov. Diss. v. 3. p. 150. t. 54./. 2. Sim, B ^;^ a( J-^)\ 
Roxb. Fl. hid. v. 3. p. 209. Be Cand. Prodr. v. 1. p. 449. ^f« rf 
^ra. Prodr. Fl. Penins. hid. Or. v. I. p. 48. 

/3. petalis purpuras basi intensioribus. (Tab. Nostr. 5098.) 

The Hibiscus radiatus, of which the ordinary state is to have 
sulphur-coloured petals, was first described and figured by Oa- 
vanilles, in 1780, from plants of which the seeds were sent by 
Sir Joseph Banks to that distinguished Spanish botanist; but 
Cavanilles does not state from what country they were received, 
or where a native. Willdenow gives no locality Alton, m the 
second edition of ' Hortus Kewensis,' speaks of it as an bast 
Indian species; but Roxburgh seems only to have known it in 
gardens, observing, "Native place unknown. Common m gar- 
dens about Calcutta, where it blossoms during the cold season § 
Wight and Arnott also, in their < Flora of the Peninsula of Jndia 
give uo locality, quoting Roxburgh's statement on tins subject, 
and adding, - In Dr. Arnott's herbarium is a specimen from Ja- 
maica." So that some have been led to suppose it was a \\ est 
Indian plant ; and certain it is, we have received specimens from 
Jamaica P but without any special locality ; and of ate iM pri- 
son, the intelligent superintendent of the ate Botanic Garden at 
Bath, in that°island (I say late, an awful flood having rece„% 
overwhelmed the garden with an avalanche of stones), has sent 
to us seeds of three varieties, all beautiful and all distinguished 
by the colour of the flowers. One is the sulphur-coloured flower 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1859. 

above alluded to ; the second is the one we figure here, of a fine 
rose-purple ; and a third is a full blood-purple ; but in each of 
these two. last-mentioned kinds the base of the petals is of a still 
deeper purple tinge, forming an eye-like spot to the centre of the 
entire flower. The three sorts blossom copiously in the stove, 
and bear a succession of flowers in the summer months. We 
are still in ignorance as to whether this species is aboriginal in 
Jamaica. Certain it is that we do not find it anywhere recorded 
as a native of the West Indian Islands, nor even noticed in any 
of the Floras of that quarter of the globe. 


Tab. 5099. 
DASYLIRIUM Hartwegianum 

Hartweg* s Dasylirium. 

Nat. Ord. AsPARAGiNEiE. — Dhecia Hexandria. 
Gen. CJiar. (Fide supra, Tab. 5030.) 

Dasylirium Hartwegianum,- caule vel si mavis caudice magno subgloboso 
tuberculoso, foliis e tuberculis fasciculatis bipedalibus e latiuscula basi 
lineari-subulatis elongatis rigidis glaucescentibus dorso obtuse carinatis su- 
perne canaliculars striatis margine spinuloso-serratis, spinulis mediocribus 
uniformibus apicibus integris (nee penicillato-fibrosis), panicula subsessili 
bipedali, ramis remotis patentibus, inferioribus longe bracteatis superioribus 
glomerulisque bracteis parvis subulatis scariosis, partialibus (sub flore) latis 

Dasylirium Hartwegianum. Zuccarini in Act. Acad. Monac. v. 4. sect. 2. 1845 
(Kth.). Benth. PL Hartweg. p. 348. Kunth, En. Plant, p. 41. 

Cordyline longifolia. Benth. PI. Hartweg. p. 53. 

About the year 1846, we received from Mr. Repper, of the 
Real del Monte Company's establishment, Mexico, some re- 
markable plants in the form of tubers, a foot and half long, and 
nearly as high aboveground, the surface of which is formed by 
a number of wrinkled tubercles, slightly elevated, and somewhat 
circinately wrinkled ; from a few of which appeared tufts of rigid, 
subulate leaves, one to two feet long, in form and texture resem- 
bling those of some Dasylirium. The general aspect of the tubers 
reminded one of the well-known " Elephant's-foot" of South 
Africa, or of some remarkable Dioscorece which we cultivate from 
Mexico. These remained dormant for some years, but one of 
them has lately produced more copious tufts of foliage and panicles 
of flowers ; and precisely accord (the female flowers are however 
wanting to our plants) with the Dasylirium Hartwegianum of 
Zuccarini, which Hartweg sent from Zacatecas, in Mexico ; and 
a Dasylirium of Mr. Charles Wright (" Coll. N. Mex. 1851-2"), 
n- 1918, also seems to be identical; but neither of these collec- 
tors has made a note on the nature of the plant ; so that whether 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1859. 

we are to consider this tuber as the normal condition of the stem 
or caudex of this species, or whether we arc to look upon it as 
an accidental collection or congeries of united stems (a kind 
of monstrosity), still remains a doubt in our minds. All the 
Basyliria yet known to us have separate, unbranched, and dis- 
tinct stems, more or less elongated, as in the caulescent species 
of Agave, and as may be seen in our figures of two of the 
species of this remarkable genus, at our Tab. 5030 and Tab. 
5041. The flowers of the panicles develope themselves very 
slowly, and the withered stalks and branches remain a long time 
attached to the trunk. Mr. Bentham compares this plant with 
the Cordyline longifolia of H. B. K. ; but the very large, almost 
sheathing bracteas, rather than leaves (which latter do not appear 
in the figure given by Humboldt), and the widely different ra- 
mification of the panicle, and the acuminated sepals, indicate 
something very different. 

Descr. Caudex a gigantic tuber, as above described ; from 
the tubercles on the surface of this, the tufts or fascicles of leaves 
appear, from one and a half to three feet long, slender, harsh and 
rigid, from a rather broad lanceolate base, gradually becoming 
subulate, and tapering to a very long, slender, rigid, pungent and 
entire point ; of a glaucous hue, finely striated, moderately keeled 
at the back, canaliculate on the upper surface, the margin rough 
to the touch from the presence of rather distant, curved, spi- 
nescent teeth, pointing upwards, uniform (not of two kinds as 
in D. glaucophyllum and D. acrotrichum) ; at the base behind a 
broad costa is seen, transversely wrinkled. From the centre of 
the tuft or fascicle of leaves the panicle arises, shorter than the 
leaves, scarcely more than a foot or a foot and a half high, 
branched from near the base ; primary branches spreading hori- 
zontally, distant, quite straight, rigid; the inferior ones with 
long subulate bracteas at their base ; the rest with small palea- 
ceous ones. Flowers in glomerules or clusters upon the straight 
branches, rather lax, bracteolate. Broader and quite membra- 
naceous bracteoles (about three) surround each pedicel, which 
latter is about the length of the bracteoles, and jointed at the 
summit, whence the flowers readily fall away. Sepals orbiculari- 
elhptical, membranaceous, white at the edge, the rest purplish. 
Stamens (our plant has only male flowers) six, longer than the 
perianth ; filament subulate. Anther subcordate. 

Fig. 1. A very much diminished representation of a flowering plant, with the 
great tuberous caudex. 2. Leaf, mt. size. 3. Transverse section of a leaf above 
the middle, magnified. 4. Portion of a panicle, nat. size. 5. Glomerules of wii'. 
flowers. 6. Stamen: — magnified, 



"Vmcer±J3rodks , fop ■ 

Tab. 5100. 
PHYLLOCACTUS anguliger. 

Angle-stemmed Phyllocactus. 

Nat. Ord. Cactace;e: Tribe Phyllocacte;e.— -Icosandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Perigonii tubus ultra germen plus minusve et ssepe longissime pro- 
ductus, gracilis, flexuosus, glaberrimus. Phylla sepaloidea remota, sparsa, axil- 
lis nudis; petaloidea numerosa, elongata, varie expansa, corollam rosaceam m- 
fundibuliformem eemulantia. Semina numerosa, orificio tubi adnata, extenora 
longiora, interiora gradatim breviora. Stylus filiforrais, stamina superans. Stig- 
ma multiradiatum, radiis linearibus. Bacca umbilicata, anguloso-costata, gla- 
berrima. Cotyledones connate, suffoliacese.— Plantse pseudo-par -asiticm. Cauhs 
xmavque compressissimi, foliaceo-dilatati, ad margines remote crenati, omnmo gla- 
bri, basi atate teretes, lignosi. Flores e crenis lateralibus noctumi, ephemeri aut 
per aliquot dies aperti. Salm-Dyck. 

Phyllocactus anguliger ; caule ramisque foliaceis rigidis plains crassis pmna- 
tifidis, lobis fere rectangulari-triangularibus, floris tubo elongato crassiusculo, 
sepalis subcoloratis, petalis albis, stigmatibus 9-10. 

Phyllocactus anguliger. Lem. in Jardin Fleuriste, v.l.p.6. Lindl. et Paxton, 
Fl. Gard.p. 177. *. 34. 

A very handsome plant of the Cactus family, whose large flow- 
ers are highly fragrant. The species belongs to a group ot the 
old genus Cactus, which have the large and long tube ot the 
Cereus group, but with singularly compressed and almost leai- 
like, more or less lobed stems and branches. To this division 
belongs the Cereus phyllanthoides, DC. (Bot. Mag. t. MJZ); 
Cereus Akermanni, Pfr (Bot. Mag. t. 3598); Cereus phglan- 
thus (Hook. Bot. Mag. t. 2692), etc.; and these now constitute 
the genus Phyllocactus of Link. Five species are enumerated by 
the Prince of Salm-Dyck in his useful <Cactea3 in Horto Dyck- 
ensi cultae, anno 1849/ Since the publication of that work, 
the present species has been imported from Western Mexico, 
and received from M. Lemaire the name of anguliger, from the 
numerous lobes of the flattened stems, many of them forming 
very nearly rectangular triangles. We received our living plant 
from the Horticultural Society of London. It flowers readily in 
the early winter months. , , , . , , 

Descr. Our plant is a foot and a half high; the older and 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1859. 

inferior portion is terete. Main stent and branches in form ob- 
ovato-lanceolate, singularly compressed, fleshy, pinnatifid, lobes 
more or less triangular and obtuse, sometimes acute. Flower* 
solitary, arising from the sinus of a lobe, more than six inches 
long, and five or six wide. Tube elongated, terete, a little thick- 
ened at the base, green, bearing a few appressed, small, tooth-like 
scales. Sepals greenish, with a pink tinge inside, narrow-lan- 
ceolate, acuminate. Petals pure white, obovate, sharply acumi- 
nate, as long as the sepals. Stamens moderately numerous; 
stigma with about ten rays. 

Fig. 1. Extremity of the stem, nat. size. 


Tab. 5101. 


Royal Begonia. 

Nat. Ord. Begoniaceje. — Moncecia Polyandrta. 
Gen. Glmr. {Vide supra, Tab. 4172.) 

Begonia Rex; acaulis, rhizomate crasso, foliis amplis longe petiolatis sparse 
pilosis insequilatere cordato-ovatis sinuato-crenatis venoso-bullatis atro-me- 
tallico-viridibus nitidis versus marginem purpureo tinctis annulo lato argen- 
teo in disco pictis, pedunculo petiolis longiore dichotome cymoso ; floribus 
roseis majusculis ; masc. sepalis 4 quorum 2 cordatis 2 triplo minoribus 
oblongis, antheris acuminatis ; fmm. sepalis 5 minoribus subaiqualibus ob- 
longis ; capsula obliqua, alis 2 parallelis augustis tertia longe producta ob- 
longo-ovata obtusa. 

Begonia Rex. Puts, in Flore des Serres, v. 2, Dec. 1858 (with 2 plates). 

This is certainly the most lovely of the many lovely species of 
Begonia with which we are acquainted, and almost justifies the 
laudatory notice M. Van Houtte has given of it in the volume 
just quoted : " Nous sommes bien desole d'arriver si tard a faire 
paraitre la planche representant de demi-grandeur* la feuille du 
Begonia Bex. Ainsi que vient de le dire M. Jules Putzeys, 
notre honorable collaborateur, c'est a M. J. Linden quest echue 
la bonne fortune d'augmenter les collections Europecnncs de ce 
merveille Begonia, dont la venue est tout un evenement en hor- 
ticulture. En ayant acquis de nombreux exeraplaires dt:s la 
mise en vente, nous avons pu en reserver quelques-uns pour 
en fttire des specimens, qui, pendant le cours du dernier ete, 
produisirent sur les visiteurs un de ces eifets saisissants cjui char- 
ment tout autant le vendeur que l'acheteur. Le debit a etc 
grand ; mais aussi est-ce la une de ces plantes '.fit for the million' 
com me disent nos confreres de la fiere Albion." 

Mr. Linden is stated to have received the plant from Assam ; 
but it is not to be supposed the enormous size of the leaf repre- 
sented by M. Van Houtte is natural to it in its own country, 

* This " demi-grandeur " is 14 inches long and 9£ wide ! 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1859. 

—it is the effect of high cultivation ; and what is gained in 
size is lost in brilliancy of colour, to judge from the figure. It 
has flowered with us in the autumn, and probably by a little 
management the blossoms may be produced at most seasons of 
the year. 

Descr. There is no true stem to this plant. The red, terete 
petioles, furrowed on the anterior side, spring in clusters from a 
subterraneous creeping rhizome, by dividing which the plant is 
readily increased. Bracteas ovate, hair-pointed, strongly ciliated 
at the lower edge. Leaf about as long as the petiole, in our plants 
averaging eight to ten inches long, five or six broad, obliquely and 
mequilaterally ovate, deeply cordate at the base, the lobes over- 
lapping, sparingly villous (as is the petiole), the margin sinuato- 
dentate the surface bullate as if from the tightness of the veins. 
lne colour a deep-green, with a metallic lustre, and towards the 
margin tinged with purple. The dark green -coloured surface is 
however interrupted by a broad ring, if it may be so called, of 
a dead silvery-white, which takes the direction of the margin of 
tne teat, and is continued almost to the apex of the leaf. Pe- 
duncle resembling the petiole, but quite terete. Cyme rather 
lew-flowered twice dichotomous. Flowers large, pale rose-colour. 
tracts very deciduous. Male powers two inches across, of four 
sepals; two cordato-ovate, concave; two smaller, oblong, plane. 
tTT y o' acummate - Female Jowers scarcely more than 

*1 J S efz° f ^ male ' of five nearl y e q™l, ^long, spreading 
sepals. Style short. Stigmas yellow, convolute. Capsule ob- 

S f° Wlt r tw ^ narrow ' shorfc > P arallel «*¥». and one lon S> 
projecting, ovato-oblong, obtuse one 

Fig- 1. Capsule. 2. Transverse section of the cells -.-^magnified. 




Tab. 5102. 
BEGONIA xanthina ; var. pidifolia. 
Yellow-flowered Begonia ; variegated-leaved var. 

Nat. Ord. BegoniacejE. — Moncecia Polyandbta. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4172.) 

Begonia xanthina ; acaulis, rhizomate brevi crasso villosissimo crinito, foliis 
amplis oblique brevi-acuminatis sinuatis denticulatis subtus discoloribus 
(rubris), petiolis aggregatis crassis folium subsequantibus rubris stipulatis 
setosis, stipulis magnis glabris, scapo petiolis duplo longioribus, floribus 
subnutantibus corymbosis flavis, masculis plerisque tetrasepalis, sep. 3 ob- 
longo-cuneatis unico majore rotundato rnagis concavo, fcemineis minoribus 
sepalis magis sequalibus, fructus alis 2 brevibus, unica elongata striata. 

Begonia xanthina. Hook. Sot. Mag. £. 4683. 

(3. pictifalia ; foliis maculis albescentibus irroratis, floribus pallide flavis sepalis 
angustioribus, capsular ala majore angustiore ascendente. . 

Begonia picta. Hort. Jackson {not Smith). 

We received this beautiful-leaved plant* from Mr. Jackson, of 
the Kingston Nursery, under the name of Begonia picta; but 
assuredly not having any specific connection with the well-known 
Begonia picta of Sir James E. Smith. Its affinity is with our B. 
xanthina, above quoted, and at present at least, till I can learn 
more of its history, I am disposed to consider it a variety of 
that plant, or perhaps a cross with some of the painted-leaved 
species. It is, indeed, near akin to B. Bex (see our Tab. 5101), 
especially in the leaves ; but that has yellowish- white flowers, 
tinged with rose ; all of them have mucronate anthers. I fear 
much dependence cannot be placed on the colour of the flowers, 
nor on the spotting of the leaves. Some of our own young 

* Since the above was printed, we have received No. 14 of Mr. Linden's 
Catalogue des Plantes Exotiques,' in which, under the head of « Plantes Exo- 
tiques Nouvelles,' he has represented on one plate leaves of three Begonias of 
Assam, one of which, called Begonia Victoria, is clearly our plant ; but no cha- 
racters are given indicating any specific identity. 

march 1st, 1859. 

plants of my B. xanihina have the leaves spotted, but the spots 
are of quite a different character from those of our present plant 
It. is well known that the beautiful B. argyrostigma (Exotic 
Mora, 1. 18) became by continued cultivation spotless, and then 
lost all its charm with cultivators. 

Tig. 1. Female flower, nat. size. 2. Fruit, slightly magnified. 3. Transverse 
section of ditto, more magnified. 


Tab. 5103. 


White-fruited Epigynium. 

Nat. Ord. Vacciniace.e. — DSCANDRIA MOMOOXNIA. 

Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 5010.) 

Epigynium leucobotrys ; frutex epiphytica, ramulis verticillatis, radioe tube- 
rosa crassa, foliis oblongo-lanceolatis grosse serratis obtusiusculis, racemis 
subterminalibus folio longioribus, bracteis raiinitis ciliato-serratis, pedicellia 
demum elongatis carnosis (floribusque albis) apicc dilatatis, corolla uroeo- 
lata obtuse pentagona, baccis depresso-globosis albis. 

Epigynium leucobotrys. Nutt. MSS. 

Whether or not Epigynium of Klotzsch should rank as a 
genus, or perhaps more correctly as a section of Vaccinium, our 
present plant belongs to the same group as Epigynium acumi- 
natum, KL, figured at Tab. 5010 of our volume for 1857, and 
we are indebted for the introduction of it to our greenhouse* 
to the same venerable botanist as for that, Mr. Nuttall. It waa 
imported living from the Duppla Hills, north-eastern Bengal, 
by his nephew Mr. Booth, who found it there growing on a 
species of Oak. "It is an evergreen shrub," writes Mr. WuttaD, 
"seven or eight feet high, very erect, with verticillatc branches, 
a tuberous root, almost like that of a yam, but harder in sub- 
stance, having numerous racemes of white, conic, pentagonal 
flowers, so diaphanous as (when held between the eye and the 
%ht) to show the ten, yellow, awned anthers within." It pi 
a hardy greenhouse shrub, bearing its pure- white flowers most 
copiously in the summer months, and its equally white and 
wax-like berries (reminding one of the "crow-berries") in the 

Descr. Shrub from four to seven or eight feet high, erect. 
Bra7ichlets verticillate. Leaves from the apices of the branchleta 
are very short. Petioles evergreen, oblong-lanceolate, scarcely 
acuminate, obtuse at the very point, spreading, scarcely serrated, 

NABOB 1st, 1859. 

Strongly veined : the veins more or less anastomosing. Racemes 
copious from among the leaves, and longer than them, drooping, 
secund, many-flowered. Pedicels at first about twice the length 
of the glabrous flowers, but elongating as the fruit advances to 
maturity, white, fleshy, pellucid, dilated at the apex, at the base 
having a small lanceolate and somewhat fimbriated bract. 
Calyx-teeth five, small, triangular. Corolla conico-urceolate, 
with a limb of five small spreading teeth. The colour is white* 
the substance waxy, subdiaphanous. Stamens ten. Filaments 
short, glabrous, linear-subulate. Anther subulate, two-lobed at 
the base, the two cells opening by a pore at the apex, and the 
back extending so as to form two erect awns. Berries copious, 
about the size of peas, globose, depressed, pure-white, waxy, 
with five dark spots in a circle below the apex, which are the 
remains of the small calyx, five-celled. 

Fig. 1. Mower. 2. Calyx and pistil. 3. Stamens. 4. Bract, pedicel, and 
berry. 5. Transverse section of a berry -.—magnified. 



"Vincent Br oo 

Tab. 5104. 

sonerila margaritacea. 

Pearl-spotted Sonerila. 

Nat. Ord. Melastomace^e. — Triandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. (Fide supra, Tab. 4978.) 

Sonerila margaritacea ; herbacea perennis glaberrima, caulibus subdectunben- 
tibus pubescenti-glandulosis ramis pedunculisque intense rubris, foliis ovato- 
lanceolatis sublonge petiolatis acutissime serratis supra nitidis intense viri- 
dibus maculatis maculis ovalibus albis unipilosis oblique lineatim disposes, 
subtus pallidis venis purpurascentibus, terminalibus subsessilibus verticillatis 
minoribus, corymbis terminalibus solitariis, calyce oblongo triquetro, limbo 
trilobo erecto, petalis obovatis acutis, antberis longirostratis.^ 

Sonerila margaritacea. Litidl, in Gard. Chron. Nov. 1854, n. 727. Pfonckon, 
in Fl. des Serres, ^.1126. 

This very lovely little plant, a great acquisition to our stoves, 
was imported by Messrs. Veitch and Sons, of the Nurseries, 
Exeter and Chelsea, through their collector, Mr. Thomas Lobb, 
" from some part of India." It is assuredly among the prettiest 
of a very pretty genus, and when first exhibited at a meeting of 
the Horticultural Society, in 1854, "excited the admiration of 
everybody present." It seems by no means difficult of cultiva- 
tion, but it is said that the pinching off the young peduncles 
of flowers increases the vigour of the plant, and the brightness 
of the foliage. We are indebted to Mr. Veitch for our living 

Descr. Herbaceous, but perennial. Stem rather weak and 
subprocumbent, about eight to ten inches long, slender, quad- 
rangular, rich scarlet, pubescenti-glandulose, as is more or less 
almost every part of the plant. Leaves opposite, petiolate {petiole 
red, from half an inch to an inch and more long), oblong- or 
ovato-lanceolate, acute or acuminate, sharply but not very closely 
serrated, penniveined; the veins oblique, parallel, very dark and 

march 1st, 1859. 

glossy green above, with oval, white, margaritaceous spots ar- 
ranged in single lines or series between the veins, and following 
their direction : beneath pale, the veins red-purple. Peduncles 
red, terminal, geuerally surrounded at the base by a whorl of 
subsessile leaves, or foliaceous bracts, smaller than the cauline 
ones. Corymb of eight to ten flowers, with minute, subulate 
bracts at the base of the pedicels. Calyx-tube oblong, trique- 
trous, adnate with the ovary, striated, sometimes a little glan- 
dular; limb erect, of three, nearly erect, acute lobes. Petals 
three, obovate, sharply acuminate, rose-coloured. Stamens three, 
inserted on the limb of the calyx, alternating with the petals ; fila- 
ments nearly erect, subulate ; anthers subulate, two-lobed at the 
base, long-rostrate, opening by two minute pores at the apex. 
Myle subulate ; stigma capitate, small. 

Pig. 1. Flower. 2 Calyx and pistil. 3. Tranverse section of the ovarv. 
4. stamens : — magnified. 


Tab. 5105. 

Assam Plectocomia. 

Nat. Ord. Palmace^e.— Dkecia Hexandria. 

Gen. Clmr. Mores dioici in spadice elongato, per spicam simplicem vel ramo- 
sam dispositi, sub spathis incompletis squamseformibus distiche imbricatis recon- 
diti, sessiles, masculi geminati, foeminei solitarii ; illi : Calyx exterior trifidus ; 
interior 3-partitus, prsefloratione valvatus. Stamina 6 ; filamenta subulata, basi 
cohserentia ; antherm lineares, fere basi affixse. Ovarium rudimentum nullum. 
Fcem. Calyx maris. 'Stamina ananthera, in cupulam hypogynam membranaceam 
sexfidam coalita. Ovarium 3-loculare ; loculo uno alterove saepe effeto. Stig- 
mata 3, subsessilia, subulata. Bacca squamis retrorsis imbricatis loricata, l-lo- 
cularis, 1-sperma. Albumen sequabile, corneum. Embryo basilaris. — Caudex 
longissimus, sarmentoso-scandens. Frondes maxima, pinnata ; pinnis reduplicate; 
rachi scepe in cirrhum longissimum excurrente, dorso aculeis multilobh uncinate ar- 
mata. Spadices laterales, divisi in ramos longos, spathis coriaceis fuscidulis laxe 
imbricatis, coopertos. Flores ochroleuci vel rubello-fusciduli. Fructus castanei. 

Plectocomia Assamica; spathis laxe patentibus lato-oblongis brevi-acuminatis 

obtuse sub-complicato-carinatis coloratis, petalorum lacinns longe acumina- 

tis, staminibus 8-12. 
Plectocomia Assamica. Griff, in Calcutta Journ. of Nat. Hist. v. a. p. 97. 
Plectocomia Khasivana? Griff, in Calcutta Journ. v. 5. p. 98; Palms of the 

East Indies, p. 106. t. 218. 
Plectocomia Himalayana? Griff, in Calcutta Journ. v.Z.p. 100, and in Palms 

of the East Indies, p. 108. t. 219. 
Zalacca Assamica. Wall. MSS. in Hort. Calcut. Voigt, Sort. Suburb. Calcut. 

p. 639 (name only). 

This very interesting species of Palm has flowered at the Royal 
Gardens, Kew, recently, for the second time ; plants having been 
sent to us many years ago by the late Dr. Wallich, under the 
name of Zalacca Assamica, Wall. MSS. This same plant Grit- 
nth has, in the 'Calcutta Journal of Natural History, properly 
referred to the genus Plectocomia, and has distinguished it, with 
little care or accuracy, from the P: elongata of Martius and 
Blume. Griffith has, indeed, figured and described (very imper- 

MARCH 1st, 1859. 

fectly) what he considers two other species of the genus, which 
he has named after the countries in which he found them, P. 
Khasiyana, and P. Himalayana. Of P. Assamica he observes, 
"The fruit is a good deal like that of P. elongata, judging from 
Martius's figure, but the scales are so fimbriate that it has quite 
a woolly appearance." Under P. Khasiyana he remarks, " This 
would appear nearly allied to the preceding (P. Assamica), from 
which it differs in the smaller spathas, the very small calyx, with 
minute triangular teeth, the broader petals, the brown, not rust- 
coloured fruit, which is smaller, and not by any means so villous, 
the points of the scales being less fimbriate, and often deciduous." 
Of P. Himalayana* " This may be the male of the preceding 
(P. Khasiyana)." The figures too, such as they are, sufficiently 
represent our plant to justify me in quoting them, though doubt- 
fully. The P. Muelleri, Bl., of Java, seems to be a very diffe- 
rent species, detected also in Borneo by Mr. Thomas Lobb. 
Our present kind seems peculiar to Eastern Bengal, and differs 
from P. elongata in the long, lax-coloured (white, brown, and 
green), narrower spathas, the very long acuminated segments of 
the corolla, and in the constantly more numerous stamens. It 
is a slender Palm, attaining the length of sixty-six feet, even in 
cultivation in our Palm-stove, and though not strictly scandent, 
needing support; and Nature has admirably provided for this 
want by the curious and excessively strong, digitate spines upon 
the rachis of the frond, in shape resembling the foot of a mole. 
A singular use is made of that of the allied Plectocomia elongata 
in Java (as witnessed by the late Mr. Winterbottom), by persons 
whose duty it is to catch rogues and vagabonds. To the inside 
of a forked stick a sufficient portion of the rachis is attached, 
with its strong deflexed spines ; and this fork being thrust in 
such a way as to include the body of the man, the spines get a 
firm hold of the captive, either by his clothes, or what is much 
more painful, his flesh. The leaves or fronds are said to be em- 
ployed for basket-work. 

Descr. Caudex very long, ragged with the very spinous 
sheathing bases of fallen leaves ; below, the caudex is scarcely so 
thick as a man's ankle, but it becomes a little broader upwards ; 
the upper portion, and for a considerable length below the apex, 
leafy. Leaves or fronds often thirty feet long, but the lower half 
only is pinnated ; the rest is a flagelliform extension of the rachis, 
destitute of pinnae, and the whole flattened under side of this 
rachis is beset with stout, compound, digitate spines, at greater 
or less distances, all pointing downwards : those nearest the base 

* Dr. Hooker, however, detected in Sikkim a small species of Plectocomia 
which has the appearance of being very distinct from any of these. 

of the leaves are longest and straightest. It is stated that by 
means of these spines the fronds hook themselves on to the 
branches of trees, and so maintain the trunk in a nearly per- 
pendicular position. Pinna numerous, six to seven inches to 
nearly a foot long, more or less broadly lanceolate, acuminate, 
plicate, very glaucous beneath. Spadices {male, the only ones I 
have seen living) are numerous from among the leaves, com- 
pound, that is branching from near the peduncle, and these 
branches long (two and three feet or more), gracefully drooping, 
pendulous; they are clothed with numerous, imbricated, disti- 
chous scales or spathas, two to three inches long, subrhombeo- 
obloug, carinate, concave, firm-membranaceous, acute rather than 
acuminate, nearly white, with a band of pale-brown below the 
green apex, which is often tinged with dark-brown, and finely 
ciliated at the margin. Within each spatha is a spike (or partial 
spadix) of numerous, pale-yellowish, bracteolated/owm. Calyx 
trifid, with the lobes or teeth subulate. Corolla tripartite ; seg- 
ments long-lanceolate, acuminate. Stamens eight to ten or twelve, 
much shorter than the corolla. Filaments short. Anther linear- 
oblong, subsagittate. Female spatha (from our first flowering 
specimen) similar to the male. Spike or partial spadix of female 
flowers about one-half the length of the spatha. Calyx large 
in proportion to the flower, three-lobed ; the lobes obtuse, mu- 
cronate, ciliato-fimbriate. Corolla as in the male. Ovary 
subglobose, clothed with reflexed, fringed scales. Style short. 
Stigmas three, fringed in the inner face. Fruit (seen only in the 
dried state) globose, brown, an inch broad, clothed with reflexed, 
fringed scales, subtended by the persistent and very rigid floral 
coverings. Seed globose. Albumen firm and hard, copious. 

Fig. 1. Extremely reduced figure of the entire Palm. 2. Portion of a frond, 
with pinnaj and digitate spines. 3. Portions of the male spadix :—*«*. «w. 4. 

Male flower. 5. Stamen ■.— magnified. 6. Female spatha, with its spike or 
partial spadix of flowers.— »a*. size. 7. Female flower. 8. Ovary -.—magmjied. 
9. Fruit. 10. Section of seed :—nat. size. 


"VL-rfcent Brooks, top 

Tab. 5106. 

Subglabrous J^pter acanthus. 

Nat. Ord. Acanthace^e. — Didynamia Angiospermia. 
Gen. Char. {Fide supra, Tab. 4494.) 

Dipteracanthtjs calvescens ; caule suffruticoso basi repente glabra caudicante, 
juvenili apice hirsute, foliis elliptico-oblongis acuminata basi acutis brevi- 
petiolatis repandis, juvenilibus supra undique subtus ad costas nirsutis, 
adultis glabrescentibus, floribus infra terminali-axillanbus geminis termsve 
subsessilibus, bracteolis inferioribus ovatis obtuse cuspidatis superionbus 
oblongo-lanceolatis obtusis calyce longioribus hirsutis, corollse tubo lon»o 
fauce obconico tubum subsequante. Nees. 

Dipteracanthus calvescens. Nees, in Endl. et Mart. Fl. Brazil, fasc. 7. p. 32. 
Be Cand. Prodr. v. 11. _p. 128. 

If Dipteracanthus calvescens can lay no claim to floral bemt} 
nothing to be compared with that of D. spectabihs (see our 
Tab. 4494), it is nevertheless worthy of cultivation, from the tact 
of its blossoming, and that freely, in the winter months, in our 
stove; and it would no doubt succeed well in a warm green- 
house. It is a native of Rio Janeiro, where it has been gather^ 
by Martins, Riedel, Schott, Sellow, and Gardner * ^with- 
standing some discrepancies, our plant here figured, wMcnjj 
received from Pernambuco through Mr. de Mornay, M clearly 
the same as Nees's D. calvescens. We have native sp ecin. e ns 
both from Riedel and Gardner (n. 805) in our herbarium, 
drawing was made in December, 1858. i-*A*A for 

Descr. A rather straggling, small shrub, or «*"^ » 
the young branches are green and herbaceous and more or les 
pubescent. Stem whitish, especially below, w*«*£2™ 
the settiug-on of the branches or leaves. Leaves Wf *' ° C 
and a half to two inches long, oblong or ovato-lanceolate snort. 
petioled, gradually but obtusely acuminate, P™™~ ™ 
margin repando-subdentate, teeth very blunt, pale berth, and 
sometimes purplish. Flowers in our plant geminate, nearly ses 

MARCH 1st, 1859. 

sile, terminal upon young shoots, but it is probable, from the 
prolongation of a new shoot beneath the flowers, the latter may 
appear subaxillary. The young leaves, which surround the base 
of the flowers, have somewhat the appearance of bracts. Caly- 
cine bracts lanceolate, acuminate, longer than the calyx. Calyx 
qmnquepartite, the segments l^nceolato-subulate. Corolla ra- 
ther pale purplish-lilac, with a few deeper lines or streaks ; tube 
long, mfundibuhform, suddenly contracted, so that the lower 
half is very narrow and white ; limb nearly equal, of five ob- 
cordate, slightly crisped, spreading lobes. Stamens four, didy- 
namous quite within the tube. Anthers linear-subsagittate. 
Ovary oblong-ovate, on a thick fleshy torus. Style slender. 
btigma of two very unequal segments. 

Fig. 1. Tube of the corolla laid open to show the stamens. 2. Single sta- 
men. 3. Calyx, with pistil. 4. Ovary and torus -.— magnified. 


Tab. 5107. 
BEGONIA xanthina ; var. LazuU. 
Yellow-Jlowered Begonia ; Lapis-Lazuli vai\ 

Nat. Ord. BEGONiACEiE. — Moncecia Polyandrta. 
Gen. CJmr. {Vide supra, Tab. 4172.) 

Begonia xanthina, Hook. (For specific character and synonyms see our Tab. 

5102 of the present volume.) 
Var. Lazuli; foliis immaculatis supra rnetallico-purpureis caeruleo-tinctis. (Tab. 

Nostb. 5107.) 
Begonia Lazuli. Linden, Suppl. Cat. PI. Exot. 1858, p. 2 (name). 

Mr. Linden, the distinguished horticulturist at Brussels, has 
great merit in having of late years introduced to our Euro- 
pean stoves a series of plants of the genus Begonia, " from Assam, 
of very great beauty, both in respect of flower and foliage; 
the latter remarkable for its great size and metallic lustre, 
and exhibiting, in these leaves, a considerable variety both in 
the nature and disposition of the spots. To this group belong 
the Begonia Bex (see our Tab. 5101), the Begonia amahlis, 
argentea, and Victoria, of Linden, and B. Lazuli of the same 
author (the plant here figured) ; all these belong to one and the 
same group, of which our B. xanthina (Bot. Mag. t. 4683) from 
Bhotan may be considered the type, if it be not, as I am in- 
duced to suppose it is, the common parent of all, assisted, as 
may probably be the case with the Begonia Bex, by a cross 
with some pink-flowered species. Indeed the B. Victoria ot 
Linden (as it proves to be, see our Tab. 5102) I had no hesita- 
tion in considering as a painted-leaved variety of B. xanthina, 
and I have as little in referring our present plant to that also 
But it deserves a place in every ornamental stove as much as it 
it were a distinct species. Linden himself alludes to the analogy 
in question. " Sans avoir la pretention de se comparer a 1 espece 
precedente (B. Bex), ce Begonia est neanmoins d'une grande 
apkil 1st, 1859. 

beaute, et merite sa dedicace par l'analogie frappante du colons 
de ses feuilles avec la picrre precieuse connue sous le nom de 
Zapis-Lazuli. La partie superieure de ses grandes feuilles est 
en effet d'un bleu mineral parseme d'une poussiere etincellaute. 
La fleur jaune est de la grandeur et de la forme de celle du 
B. xanthina. Cette espece habite les memes localites que le 
B. Rex, et a ete decouverte par le meme collecteur." 

Fig. 1. Female flower, nat. size. 2. Immature capsule. 3. Transverse sec- 
tion of the capsule (the longer wing being removed) : — magnified. 

Tab. 5108. 
VRIESIA psittacina; var. rubro-bracteata. 

Parrot-flowered Vriesia ; red-bracteated var. 

Nat. Ord. Bromeliace^:.— Hexandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Sepala 5, convoluta, asqualia, petalis apice revolutis breviora. 
Squama cuique petalo 2, semiadnatse, indivisae. Stamina exserta, 3 libera peta- 
lorum basiinserta, 3 inter petala inserta iisque basi connata; anthem \meares, 
plana?, posticee. Ovarium semi-inferum, conicum; stigma trilobum, lobis convo- 
lutis et sinuatis villosis.— Folia plana, erecta. Mores distichi, distantes, bracteis 
magnis canaliculars coloratis. Lindl. 

Vriesia psittacina ; foliis oblongo-lingulatis integerrimis brevi-acummatis basi 
ventricosis, spica simplici, racbi flexuosa colorata, floribus distantibus, 
bracteis calycibusque corolla parum brevioribus, staminibus exsertis. 

a. bracteis supeme flavis. 

Tillandsia psittacina. Hook. Sot. Mag. t. 2841. 

(3. bracteis omnino coccineis. (Tab. Nostr. 5108.) 

Vriesia psittacina. Lindl. Bot. Reg. v. 29. t. 10. 

Native of Brazil, and a very great ornament to our stoves by 
bearing its handsome scarlet and yellow spikes of fl° vv f s m . the } 
winter months. Our figure, given in the ' Botanical Magazine, 
of this plant thirty years ago, does not do justice to its beauty 
That here given is/like that of Dr. Lindley in the < Botanical 
Register,' a variety, in which the bracteas are of the same ncn 
scarlet all over as the rachis; and I am glad to have the oppor- 
tunity of giving a more perfect representation, and referring it 
to the genus Vriesia of Dr. Lindley, so named in commemora- 
tion of the merits of Dr. W. de Vriese, Professor ot Botany at 
Leyden, an excellent botanist and physiologist, now on a govern- 
ment botanical mission to Java. , , , 

Descr. leaves all radical, eight and ten inches to nearly a toot 
long, oblongo-lingulate, waved, acuminate, entire, dark-green, 
much inflated or ventricose at the base, of a conaceo-memora- 
naceous texture. Scape one foot to one and a halt toot nign, 

APRIL 1st, 1859. 

erect, arising from the centre of the plant, bearing from ten to 
twenty distichous flowers, opening from below upwards in suc- 
cession, of which only two or three are expanded at one time. 
Bachis flexuose ; flowers scarlet, distant. Bracteas large, sheath- 
ing the flower and a little shorter than it, rich scarlet even to the 
apex. Sepals and corolla bright-yellow, the former the length of 
the bract, oblong, obtuse. Petals linear, acute, recurved, and 
with a tinge of blue at the tips ; at the base having two spathu- 
late scales. Stamens and style exserted. Ovary almost entirely 
free. Stigma in three, cuneate, glandular lobes. 

Fig. 1. Petal and stamen. 2. Pistil:— magnified. 


t Tnr e: 

Tab. 5109. 
NEPENTHES ampullaria. 

Ampullaceous Nepenthes, or Pitcher -plant. 

Nat. Ord. NEPENTHACEiE. — Dkecia Monadelphia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4285.) 

Nepenthes ampullaria; caule basi repente superne ascendente scandente, asci- 
diis radicalibus late ovato-ventricosis reliquis ovali-cylmdraceis antice alis 
duabus membranaceis longe pectiuato-ciliatis, ore subcontract, margine 
angusto inflcxo striate, opercuio parvo lanceolate demum reflexo, raceims 

Nepenthes ampullaria. W. Jack, in Hook. Comp. to Bot. Mag v. 1. p. 271. 
Lambert, Pinus, v. 2. App. t. 8. Korthals, Bot. p. 39. t. 13. 

As compared with the noble pitchers of Nepenthp Bqfflesiana, 
Jack (see our Tab. 4285 of this work), and our still more striking 
Nepenthes vittosa* given at Tab. 5080, N. ampullaria claims tevv 
attractions ; and it has unfortunately happened that our artist tooK 
his drawing too late in the season for the more perfect pitcJiers, 
which are collected in numbers about the base of the plant at 
an earlier season, on small and abortive leaves, and then disap- 
pear. These are sometimes almost globose, singularly innatea 
or ampullaceous, whilst the pitchers springing from the en a oi a 
fully-formed cauline leaf, where they are always less pertect, are 
narrower and oval-oblong; and no others were present on t e 
plant at the flowering- season (August). The species is a nat ve 
of the forests of Singapore ; also at Rhio, on the island ofJBmr 
tang, Malay Archipelago. We owe our plants to the liberal ty 
of Lady Dorothy NevSl, Dangstein, and of Messrs. Veitch and 
Sons, of the Nurseries, Exeter and Chelsea. oor ,; T1fT 

Descr. The lower part of the plant is more or less creeping, 

* And even these are very inferior to some magmficent ^^^ 
new species lately sent to us by Hugh Low, Esq., wUictt ne con 
Balloo, in Borneo ; one of them more than 14 inches long, and of a foim as re 
markable as the size. 

APRIL 1st, 1859. 

and that, together with the lower portion of the erect and scan- 
dent stem, bears whorls of abortive or very imperfect leaves, ter- 
minated by an inflated, broad, ampnllaceous pitcher, three inches 
long, green, membranaceous, sometimes faintly tinged with red, 
obliquely striated, slightly contracted above ; the mouth at first 
small, and closed with an oblong or lanceolate lid, which soon 
opens, and becomes erect, at length reflexed ; bearing just above 
the base a soft bristle. Leaves on the stem remote, broad- 
lanceolate, sessile, costate, with a few lateral, longitudinal veins, 
and several transverse ones; these leaves are terminated by a 
filament (or prolongation of the costa), either clubbed at the apex 
or bearing a pitcher, narrower and more cylindrical than those 
just described. Female plant : panicle or raceme downy, bear- 
ing flowers similar in structure to those of other species already 

Our figure represents terminal leaves and a panicle of male flowers, and a leaf 
with a pitcher : — nat. size. Fig. 1. Male flower : — magnified. 


Tab. 5110. 

HOWARDIA Caracasensis. 


Caracas Howardia. 

Nat. Ord. Rubiaceje.— Pentandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx tubo turbinate cum ovario connato, limbo supero breviter 
5-dentato, dente uno in folium coloratum cordato-rotundatum Pf lolat " m 5 ue 
expanso. Corolla supers, tubulosa, pubescens, limbo brevi "^^i"™C 
tione valvatis, tubo interne crassiusculo (in flore sicco chartaceo) intusque glabro 
et nitido superne molliter membranaceo, pagina mtima glabra vel mlosa. 
Stamina 5, ex annulo densissimo pilorum basim partis membranaceaB coroUs 
vestientium orta, filamentis glabris, antheris oblongs mtrorsis fere med o 
dorso affixis exsertis. Ovarium disco pulviniformi coronatum, biloculare Ovula 
plurima, horizontalia, in placentis membranaceis elliptic* margme J£oMas 
Lpiusque bifidis dissepimento medio secundum lineam verticalem ad nat* ana 
tropa. %to filiform*, corollaa longitudine, glaber, stigmate bifida. Capsula 
rotundato- vel oblongo-turbinata, hinc et inde sulco plus minusv e pr °J™^™ 
tata, obsolete costulata, vertice truncato-areolata, areola (sen pulvine ' P™*** 
limbo calycis reliquio annular! integro aut dentato arete ^cum c mct a J ap £ 
ad basim locubcide debiscens, placentis simul longitrorsum fiss is valwdem 
septicide bifidis. Semina subcompressa, oblonga, angulosa "jSTttimS 
J frutices America tropicalis, foliis opposite, petwlatis, &?™*^^ 
interpetiolaribus, persistentibus, parum conspicuts, tnangularibus abrupte acumi 
natis; floribus cymoso-paniculatis, peduncuhs termmalibus. treaa. 

Howarbia Caracasensis; foliis ovatis ^.*°^^^ttSS 
natis, aenmine acutissimo, basi cuneatis supra nisi "™™f™ ho foliaceo 
pubecentibus, dentibus calycis triangulanbus adnata, lob > 
ovato (vel cordato-ovato), corolla tubulosa ^>™?f 1S ^^ 
Panamensibus) elliptieo-globosis pedicellisque verrucosis. 

Howardia Caracasensis. Weddell, Ann. des Sc. Nat. ser. ^Bot v. LjJ. I • 

Calycophyll™ tubulosum. Seemann, Bot. of ^ferald, ,. 135 (. 
Be Card., and excluding the locality of Peru, M Lean). 

Pinckneya ionantba, Eort. Makoy. 

This is indeed a very lovely stove-plant, ^Jg£%J%% 
ing panicles of flowers, whose beauty » very much ^increased by 
the remarkable enlargement of one of the ^ ,'™ f 2! 
ealyx into a heart-shaped, petiolated, deep rose-coloured, iona 

APRIL 1st, 1859. 

ceous lobe, similar to what takes place (except in respect of co- 
lour) in the well-known Mussanda of our stoves. It is a plant, 
too, interesting in another point of view, as one of a new ge- 
nus of which the typical species, Hoivardia fe/mfuya, Weddell, 
of Bolivia, has been detected as one of the medicinal barks of 
commerce, and much used by the Bolivians in intermittent 
fevers.* To this plant Dr. Weddell has assigned the generic name 
Howardia. " Parmi les genres," says Dr. Weddell, " que j'ai 
fait connaitre dans ma Monographic des Quinquinas, il en est un 
auquel j'appliquai, par megarde, un nom {Chrysoxylori) apparte- 
nant a une plante d'une autre famille. Pour mettre fin a ce double 
emploi, je vais aujourd'hui donner a ma Rubiacee un nom nou- 
veau; et je ne fais, ce me semble, qu'un acte de justice en lais- 
sant tomber mon choix sur celui de l'excellent quinologiste qui 
vient de publier, en Angleterre, un memoire aussi judicieux 
qu'approfondi, sur la collection de Quinquinas de Jose Pavon, 
leguee par Lambert au Musee Britannique." No compliment 
could be better deserved. Another described plant referred to 
this genus by M. Weddell is the Calycophyllum iuhdosum of 
De Candolle, from Brazil. A third species is the Howardia 
grandiflora, Weddell, readily distinguished by its linear calycine 
teeth ; and a fourth species is the Howardia Caracasensis, cer- 
tainly our plant of Venezuela, but so nearly allied to Howardia 
tubulosa that Dr. Seemann has united the two, as well as a 
Peruvian species in my herbaria, which latter, I think, will prove 

Hoivardia Caracasensis, as its name implies, is a native of the 
province of Caracas, in Venezuela, where it was detected by 
Funcke (PI. Exsicc. n. 463, in Herb. Paris., n. 372, Herb. Hook.). 
We possess specimens also from Fendler, from the same country, 
and from our collector, M, Birsckell, and from the banks of the 
river Chagres, in Panama, gathered by Seemann. 

Fig. 1. Flower, from which the foliaceous lobe is removed above the base of 
its petiole. 2. Stamen. 3. Pistil: — magnified. 

* For an account of the analysis, by Mr. Howard, see Annales des Sciences 
Nat. 1. c. p. 68, note. 


Tab. 5111. 

Dr. Bailies Stephanophysum. 

Nat. Ord. Acanthace*:.-— Didynamia Gymnospermia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx 5-partitus, laciniis angustis cequalibus. Corollatubo brevi, 
faucibus in plerisque campanulato-inflatis deorsum ventncosis ahis ovalibus ob- 
longisve eequalibus ; limbi laciniis brevibus aequalibus erectis (v. magis minusve 
patentibus) Stamina 4, didvnama, faucibus inserta, corollam plerumque eequantia ; 
/Momenta perpariabasi connata; a »^« biloculares^cwZw parallels, Imeares, basi 
sagittate, deniuin recurvse. Stigma bilabiatum, labiis planis acuminatis, supe- 
riore breviore. Capsula a basi ad medium contractu, eloculans, bine biioculans, 
4-12-sperma. Semina plana, orbiculata, retinacuhs fulcrata.— Uerbae America 
(et Africa) tropica, foliis plus minus dentatis (v. integerrimis). Cymae umbeUares 
Iterates, pednnculata, 4-Jida, abortu ^.radiis bifidis, bracteis^rm ™ b f*™> 
bracteolis nullis: abortu evadunt pedunculi umjbri, sub fore bibracteah uljtoes 
termmales, aggregati, subracemosi, pedicellis ebracteatu. Corolla digital^ mis, 
coccinea. Nees in Be Cand. 

Stephmofhysum Baikki; suffrutex? glaber, rams f**?"*^**^* 
lanceolatis acuminata integerrimU bas. in pefolum long «• tt» oah , 
panicula composita terminal! mnltiliora, &"££^£gZ 
elongati, infundibuliformi-tubulota comta laterabier compres ba , an 
gusto-attennata medio sub.entricoso, lacuna pate „ -recur > gandu a hy 
pogyna magna cupuliformi carnosa, anthera locate basi 

One of the many highly interesting plants lately eent ih« 
from the present Niger Expedition by it. snWul Ctomman- 
der Dr. Baikie, and collected by the indefatigable na n 
Mr. Barter. Seeds accompanied the dried specimen, wd the* 
have germinated, and the plants flowered in great beaut d ring 
the winter months of 1858-9. The structure is in «■£«-- 
tial particular so much of that of Stepkanophwm, Pohl (ot « hicli 
however the thirteen species described by Wees are all South 
American), that I can have no hesitation in referring the plants 

t0 DEScl^Our plant is between two and three feet JoA her- 
baeeons at present, but will probably prove to be «^^ 
erect, branched with opposite, square or tetragonous, crecto-patent 

. T.T..T I CI. 10CO 

APRIL 1st, 1859 

branches. Leaves in opposite pairs, sometimes nearly a span 
long, including the petiole, ovato-lanceolate, submembranaceous, 
entire, penniveined, acuminate, attenuated at the base. Panicle 
terminal, with copious bracts and bracteoles, and composed of 
many-flowered opposite racemes or spikes. Floioers opposite, 
sessile. Calyx cut nearly to the base into five, narrow, erect, 
linear-subulate, glanduloso-pilose segments. Corolla more than 
two inches long, scarlet, tubuloso-infundibuliform, curved, very 
slender and much tapering at the base, inflated or ventricose in 
the middle, the five triangular lobes of the limb patent and even 
recurved. Stamens included within the tube. Anthers with a 
small spur at the base of each cell. Ovary sunk into a large, 
fleshy, cup-shaped disc. Ovules about four in each cell. 

Kg. 1. Calyx including the pistil. 2. Stamens. 3. Two-celled anthers. 
4. Ovary surrounded at the base by the cup-like fleshy disc -.—magnified. 


Tab. 5112. 

LINUM pubescens ; fi. Sibthorpianum. 
Pubescent Flax ; Sibtkorpe's var. 

Nat. Ord. Line^e. — Decandkia Pentagynia. 
Gen. Char. (Fide supra, Tab. 4956.) 

Linum (Dasylinum, PI.) pubescens; "annuum, caulibus teretibus laavibus superne 
corymboso-divisis inter folia densa patenti-pilosulis, foliis alternis intermediis 
ovato-oblongis basi obtusis apice acutiusculis 5-nerviis prseter villos raros 
submarginales v. in disco sparsos glabrescentibus supremis glanduloso- 
ciliatis, cymaa composita? ramis apice confertifloris, sepalis e basi lanceolato- 
lineari in acumen hneare longum basi subcontinuum et multo longius her- 
baceum productis piloso-ciliatis subglandulosis, antheris ovato-oblongis basi 
profunde emarginatis, stylis ad medium connatis, ovario stipitato glabro." 

Linum pubescens. Russ. Aleppo, ex Schnltz. Sj/st. Veget. v. 6. p. 758. Be Cand. 

Prodr. v. I. p. 428. Planch, in Hook. Lond. Journ. Bot.p. 519. 
Var. ($. Sibthorpianum ; humilius, foliis caulinis oblongis 8-nerviis, corymbi 

floriferi ramis laxioribus minus ramosis. Planch, in Hook. Lond. Journ. 

Pot. v. I.p. 529. (Tab. Nostb. 5112.) 

Linum piliferum. Presl, Fl. Sic. p. 171. 

Likum Sibthorpianum. Renter in Mem. de Gen. v. 8. p. 283. t. 3, ex Walp. 

Repert. Pot. v.l.p. 287, et in Herb. Nostr. 
Linum decoloratum. Griseb. Spicil. Fl. Rum. v. I. p. 117. 
Linum hirsutum. StttL Fl. Greeca, t. 302 (non Linn.) monente Renter et Grise- 


Our knowledge of the species of Linum has been considerably 
increased since the publication of the ' Prodromus ' of De Can- 
dolle, who enumerated forty-six, independent of " species non 
satis notae." But the numerical amount in books must not be 
considered that of the really good and distinct kinds. The 
genus required weeding ; and our friend Dr. Planchon has done 
great service to the cause of botany in his excellent ' Revisio 
Ordinis Linearum,' and this he has elaborated with great in- 
dustry and perseverance in the 'London Journal of Botany 
above quoted. I cannot do better than copy his character and 
synonyms of the present species, the correct name of which he 

APRIL 1st, 1859. 

has established after a careful examination of Russel's original 
species in the Banksian Herbarium. The specific character 
above introduced, and the accompanying figure, render any more 
minute description needless. The species seems to have an ex- 
tensive range,— Aleppo, Mount Lebanon {Herb. Hook.), Sicily, 
throughout Greece and the Greek islands, in Macedonia and 
Bithynia, at elevations of fifteen hundred to seventeen hundred 
feet above the level of the sea. 

The seeds from which our plant were raised, were received 
from M. Reuter, collected in the plain of Mersina, Cilicia. It 
is a pretty hardy annual, but the flowers are sadly wanting in 
that brilliancy of colour which renders the Linum grandifiorum 
(see our Tab. 4956) such a favourite in our gardens. 

Kg. 1. Flower, from which the petals are removed. 2. Stamens and pistil. 
3. Ovary: — magnified. 


Tab. 5113. 

ANGILECUM sesquipedale. 

Sesquipedalian Angrcecum. 

Nat. Ord. Orchide^e. — Gynandria Monandria. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 4761.) 

ANGRiECUM sesquipedale j caule subsimplici radicoso, foliis distiche imbricatis 
oblongis basi attenuatis carinatis apice obtusissirae bilobis, pedunculis axil- 
laribus 2-4-floris, floribus inter maximos albis, petalis sepalisque patentibus 
subsequalibus e basi latis sensim acuininatis, labello cordato-ovato acuminato 
marginibus utrinque versus medium grosse crenato-serratis, calcare longis- 
simo flexuoso viridi. 

Angr^cum sesquipedale. Aub. du Pet. Thouars, Hist, des PI. Orchid. Afr. 8vo, 
t. 66 {flower, nat. size) and 67 {reduced figure); ejusd. Orchid* (large folio 
coloured plates), t. 1, 2. Lindl. in Gard. Chron. 1857, _p. 253 (with woodcut 
of the flower, nat. size). 

Aeranthtjs sesquipedalis. Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orchid, p. 244. 

I spoke of the Angrcecum eburneum (see our Tab. 4761) with 
admiration on account of its noble aspect. But it shrinks into 
insignificance in comparison with the present Madagascar rarity, 
known to botanists only through the figures above quoted of 
Aubert du Petit-Thouars (published about 1822), till the Jlev. 
William Ellis, the distinguished traveller and historian of Mada- 
gascar, on his last return from that wonderful island, made us 
acquainted with the living plant, which that gentleman has twice 
flowered, first in 1857, when the interesting account and figure ap- 
peared in the ' Gardeners' Chronicle,' and now again in the winter 
(February) of 1859, at his residence, Hoddesdon, Herts. There 
our figure was taken, and though not one of the figures quoted, 
Bot even the original ones of Du Petit-Thouars (though there 

* In neither of these two works of M. Aubert du Petit-Thouars is there any 
description of the plant. The first of them stops short at the thirty-second page, 
and before any descriptive matter of the genera and species appears, and Pritzel 
notices this deficiency. Of the second work, in large folio, with six coloured 
figures of Orchideous plants of Madagascar (presented to me by the author, and 
probably never published), Pritzel has no record, nor of any work in folio by 
"lis author. 

may 1st, 1859. 

was ample space in the large folio page), exactly warrants the 
sesquipedalian specific name, still there is enough to excite as- 
tonishment in the great size of the flower, and extraordinary 
length of the spur. The former, in the specimen before us, 
measures seven inches across, and the spur one foot in length, 
so that if the spur were set on at the edge of the flower, instead 
of the middle, it would rather exceed than fall short of the size 
attributed to it. This flower is of a uniform, pure ivory or yel- 
lowish white, and it has the merit of possessing the odour of 
the white Garden Lily, Lilium candidum. The plant continually 
attracted the attention of Mr. Ellis as he travelled through its 
native woods ; more than one of his photographs includes trunks 
of trees loaded with this prince of Orchideous plants, and it is 
frequently the subject of his description and admiration. Indeed 
no one has travelled in tropical regions, possessed of a greater 
love of nature, especially of vegetable forms, than this gentle- 
man. It should be borne in mind also that he introduced to our 
stoves the still more remarkable Lace-leaf, Ouvirandr a fenestrate, 
and other rarities. 

Descr. The plant, including the leaves, does not appear to ex- 
ceed two feet in length, — so that the flowers are sometimes as long 
as the plant. — simple or bearing one or two branches ; attached 
to the trunks of trees by wiry fibres, rather densely clothed with 
distichous, spreading, more or less recurved leaves, of a broad 
oblong form, thick and fleshy, dark-green, imbricated, carinated 
at the base. Peduncles solitary, axillary, bearing from two to 
four gigantic ivory-white fragrant flowers, each subtended, at 
the base of the ovary, by a broad, ovate, coloured bract. Sepals 
and petals equally spreading, nearly uniform, three inches long, 
from a broad base, gradually acuminated, somewhat fleshy. Lip 
equal m size with sepals and petals, from a cordate base, ovate, 
acuminated, near the middle, on each side, coarsely and irregu- 
arly serrated ; from the base of this, beneath, depends the very 
long terete, but gradually tapering spur, one foot in length, green 
in colour. Column very short, thick, with two broad wavy wings 
on each side the stigma, which almost conceal that organ. An- 
ther-case helmet-shaped, white, with a narrow orange-coloured 
margin. Pollen-masses two, ovate, waxy, each attached to a 
somewhat linear gland. 

Our plate represents a leaf, of the natural size; the upper part of a peduncle, 
With flowers, also natural size. Fig. 1. Entire plant, on a very reduced scale. 
*. Apex ot au ovary, column and anther. 3. Pollen-masses -.—magnified. 



Tab. 5114. 
BILBERGIA macrocalyx. 

Long-calyxed Bilbergia. 

Nat. Ord. Bbomeliace^:.— Hexandbia Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4756.) 

Bilbebgia macrocalyx ; rhizomate crasso cylindraceo repente, folns erecto-pa- 
tulis lato-lingulatis acutissimis concavo-canaliculatis apice planiuscu is re- 
curvis remote spiuuloso-serratis viridibus pallide maculatis dorso subfastuosis, 
bracteis amplis ovato-oblongis brevi-acuminatissimis concavis intense roseis, 
bracteoiis subnullis, spica sirnplici thyrsiformi, ovario infero calyceque biun- 
ciali farinosis, sepalis lineari-oblongis, petalis calyce \ longioribus spatulatis 
apice patentibus pallide viridibus ad marginem purpiireo-tinctis, squamis 
petaloruin elongatis bidentatis ad basin squamula cibata auctis. 

None of the described Bromeliacea, whether under Buya 
Bilbergia, or Tillandsia (for the genera need a thorougn revi- 
sion to render them intelligible), seem to correspond with tnis 
species, which our garden owes to the kindness oi our " ien " 
J. Wetherell, Esq., when he was onr Consnl at Bahia , whe re it 
it is a native on the mossy branches of trees. B^ 1 ™***} 
seems to abound in novelties of this family ; and we nave naa 
more than once occasion to remark how well the species a 
worthy of cultivation, from the great beauty of the no* e nng 
spikes : the beauty however is generally due more to tfte ^neo 
colouring of the large bracts, or spathes as they are sometioies 
called, than to that of the blossoms. The present one may vie 
with any other in this particular, and wi 1 rank near 
B. Weierelli (see our Tab. 4835), and still more ne t perh^ 
to B. thyrsoidea (Tab. Nostr. 4756); but is very distinct trom 

"descr. Rhizome thick, elongated, terete. Leaves* foot « a 
foot and a half long, broad-lingulate, erecto-patent canahulate y 
concave, swollen and inflated, as it were at the ampk™£ 
base, plane towards the apex, and recurved at the very acute ^or 
shortly acuminated point ; the margin is rather remotely spmu- 

may 1st, 1859. 

loso-serrate ; the colour darkish-green, with scattered pale spots, 
somewhat transversely fasciated at the back. Spikes simple, but 
thyrsiform ; below are several large, laxly imbricated, very con- 
cave, deep rose-coloured bracts. Bracteoles at the base of each 
flower small, deciduous. Bachis and calyx veryfarinoso-tomentose. 
Ovary quite inferior. Sepals very large, linear-oblong, erect, ap- 
pressed. Petals one-third larger than the calyx, spathulate, light 
yellow-green, edged with pale blue livid-purple. Scales of the 
petals very long, each two-toothed, and with ciliated appendages 
at the base. Anthers bright orange. 

Fig. 1. Base of a petal, with scales, and two stamens, — magnified. 


"W*JiLch,ad. etltix 


Tab. 5115. 

GESNERIA purpurea. 

Purple-flowered Gesneria. 

Nat. Ord. Gesneriace^e. — Didynamia Angiospermia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4217.) 

Gesneria purpurea ; herbacea molliter velutino-pubescens, caule simplici inferne 
nudo, foliis verticillatis cordato-ovatis grosse serratis, pedunculis copiosis 
axillaribus terminalibusque verticillatis simplicibus rarius prope basin divi- 
sis, floribus nutantibus, calycis parvi dentibus seu laciniis brevibus erectia 
angusto-triangularibus, corollas elongate tubuloso-infuudibuliformis roseo- 
purpureae maculata; subclavatfe tubo lateraliter compresso basi 5-saccato, 
limbo subsqualiter 5-lobo, lobis erecto-patulis superiore bifido, glandubs 
bypogynis 2 ovatis. 

Gesneria purpurea. Paxt. and Lindl. Fl. Gard. n. 4. t. 78. 

Gesneria verticillata. Hook. Bot. Mag. t.211&,a weak and imperfect specimen 
(not Can.). 

Gesneria Douglasii, (var. verticillata.) Hook. Bot. Mag. t. 3612. Hensl in 
Mound's Botanist, 5. t. 247, not G. Douglasii, Lindl. Bot. Beg. t 1110 
(from which the sgn. D. verticillata, Hook., should be excluded), nor of Lodd. 
Bot. Cab. t. 1939, nor Van Houtte, Fl. des Serres, t. 10. t. 1009. 

Dirc;eo-Gesneria purpurea. Planch, in Van Houtte, Fl. des Serres, t. 1046. 

Notwithstanding that the ' Botanical Magazine ' exhibits two 
figures of this species of Gesneria already, yet I venture to give 
a third ; firstly, because this fine variety richly deserves a place ; 
secondly, because it gives an opportunity of correcting errors ot 
my own, and, as I conceive, those of my friends also, who have 
treated on this plant. The first appearance of it in the ' Maga- 
zine' is at Tab. 2776, under the name of Gesneria verticil In la, 
from a very weak plant, with only two terminal flowers, which the 
late Mrs. Arnold Harrison received from hills about Rio Janeiro. 
The previous year, namely, in 1826, Dr. Lindley had named, 
what he was afterwards led to consider the same plant, G. JJoii- 
glasii;— the name of G. verticillata, too, having been previously 
occupied by a plant of Cavanilles. This plant of Lindley is well 
figured in Bot. Reg. t. 1110; and since by Van Houtte and 
Loddiges, under the correct name of Douglasii. A remarkably 
fine specimen of my G. verticillata, imported by Mr. Allcard, Irom 

MAY 1st, 1859. 

Rio, was sent to me in 1836, and finding it to differ from Lind- 
ley's G. Bouglasii in the peculiarly verticillate and generally 
simple peduncules of the flowers, I called it G. Bouglasii, var. 
verticillata ; and I remarked, — "In Professor Lindley's plant the 
inflorescence is a decided panicle j in ours the peduncles, gene- 
rally simple, are arranged in dense whorls, many of them quite 
simple, others very slightly branched, and only near the base. 
Our flowers too are larger than in that figure, and more inclining 
to a purple tint." I may here add that in our plant the corolla 
is subclavate and decidedly curved ; in Lindley's plant the tube 
is quite straight, and the limb more patent. 

During the present winter my attention has been directed to 
a state or variety of this plant, which has been the pride and 
ornament ^of our stoves during the winter months. Of it we re- 
ceived the tubers from Mr. Millosovich, of Rio Janeiro, last year ; 
and I was not a little surprised to find it taken up as a new spe- 
cies, both by Dr. Lindley, in Paxton's ' Flower Garden/ under 
the name of G. purpurea, and by Dr. Planchon, in the 'Flore des 
Serres,' under that of Bircceo- Gesneria purpurea ; the former, 
its introduction being unknown to him, suspects it to be a hy- 
brid, "perhaps between G. Bouglasii and G. discolor " the latter 
traces its parentage, but unaccompanied by any proof, to Ges- 
neria Bouglasii and G. fBirccsaJ lobulata (a rich scarlet-flowered 
species) of both of which excellent figures are given by the 
author in the same volume. To Dr. Lindley is due the merit of 
distinguishing the G. purpurea as a species ; and since I am 
able to prove that this has been imported three different times 
and by as many different persons, direct from the Brazils, I think 
a legitimate parentage will be henceforth conceded to it. I may 
add too that my herbarium possesses native specimens of both 
the species now under consderation, gathered by Gardner, in 
Brazil, and exhibiting all the characters, as figured and described 
by Lindley. The one is n. 251, of Gardner's Herb. Bras., from 
the trunks of trees, on the Pedra Bonita Tejuca, 1836, and cor- 
rectly named " Gesneria Douglasii, Lindl." The other is his 
n 466, from the Organ Mountains, marked Gesneria sp. "At 
all events," Dr. Lindley concludes, " G. purpurea is one of the 
most striking of the whole race to which it belongs," and we 
heartily concur with him in that opinion. 

Fig. 1. Pistil glands,— magnified. 2. Ovary and glands,— more magnified. 



Tab. 5116. 
RHODODENDRON Wilsoni (hyhridwm). 
Wilsons Rhododendron (a hybrid). 

Nat. Ord. Erice^e.— Decandria Monogynta. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 4336.) 

Ehododendeon Wilsoni (hybridum) ; foliia elhptico-lanceolatis »J»^« 
rimis subtus pallidis sqnamulosis, floribus umbellatis, ^<» ™™ 1 ^ 
ampli lobis inaequalibus ovatis longissime ciliatis, ovario oblongo dense 

Rhododendron Wilsoni {hybridum). Nuttall, MSS. 

Flowering specimens of the present Rhododendron were re- 
ceived from Thomas Nuttall, Esq., of Nutgrove Ramhill Lan- 
cashire, in February, 1859, accompanied by ^ f ollomng note^ 
-« I beg to dedicate this plant to our mutual friend William 
Wilson, Esq., the eminent cryptogamist with wh « *^ 
been so long acquainted. It is derived from a <*«J^ 
B. ciliatum tnd B. glaucum, and, as you perceive P os ^ es ™ 
intermediate character between the two having the j ioi 
B. «7*ato, without the hairs; and it is destitute of th >»■ 
hue of the last-named species. The corolla, too is «term e diate 
being longer than B. glaueumM^ with a prev alen » Je «J 
rose-colour, not verging to white, as in ofeft* *™ ^ 
prove as hardy as glaucum, though our plant .tan at 
been brought forward by artificial heat.— 1. «• 

Fig. 1. Portion of the nnder side of a leaf, showing the ^^J,*^* 
and pistil. 3. Stamen. 4. Ovary. 5. Transverse section of ditto . majj 

MAY 1st, 1859. 

Tab. 5117. 
.ESCULUS Indica. 

Indian Horse-chestnut. 

Nat. Ord. Hippocastane^e.— Heptandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. (Fide supra, Tab. 5077.) 

^sculus (§Pavia) Indica; staminibus 5-8 corolla longioribus, petalis lnsequa- 
libus subsecundis obovato-spathulatis sinuatis dorso villoso-tomentosis, 
calyce tubuloso subsequaliter 5-dentato bilabiato, labiis clausis, thyrso laxi- 
floro, foliis amplis, foliolis 9 lato-obovato-lanceolatis grosse serratis glabns 
inpetiolulum longum basi attenuatis. 

Pavia Indica. Oolebrookes MS. in Herb. 1824. Wall. Cat.n. 1188. Jacque- 
mont, Plant, Rar. Ind. Or. p. 3. t. 35. 

It is not a little remarkable that, although this handsome 
JBtcidm was distributed by Dr. Wallich as long ago as 1828 
and recorded in his well-known ' Catalogue ' as Pavia Indica ot 
Colebrooke's MS., and as a native of Kamaon [Blinkwortk) and 
of Sirmore (S. Webb), it was never described nor further noticed 
by any author till the appearance of the 'Plants Ranores quas 
in India Orientali collegit Victor Jacquemont: auctore J. Cam- 
bessedes,' in 1844. . ,. 

"India borealis" is popularly given for the native country ol 
our common Horse-chestnut {jEsculm ffippocaatanum), but Dr. 
Royle assures us that " Its native region is still unknown ; it 
is not enumerated in Dr. Wallich's catalogue, nor has it ever 
been distributed by him. I have never met with it, though 
often visiting the northern mountains of India, where it any- 
where, it was likely to be found, and where the nearly allied 
Indian Pacta* is so abundant." The Pavia (or jEmdus) Indica, 
or Indian Horse-chestnut, which we now figure, that author 
further says, "is called by the hill-people Umour and ^ngla 
and is found on mountains, at elevations of from 8000 to 10,000 
feet, in Kamaon, Gurhwal, and Sirmore, also near the sources ot 

* Generally considered a mere section of M**l**> distinguished by its un- 
armed fruit. 

may 1st, 1859. 

the Ganges, and in Kunawur. It is a lofty and not less orna- 
mental tree than the common Horse-chestnut, The bulky seed, 
containing a large proportion of fsecula, though combined with 
some bitter principle, is eaten in the Himalayas, as those of the 
Horse-chestnut have been in other parts of the world in times of 
famine. The bark of the latter, from its astringent properties, 
being employed as a tonic and febrifuge, it is worthy of inquiry 
whether the Himalayan species of Pavia is possessed of any of 
the same properties." 

We owe the specimen here figured to C. J. Fox Bunbury, Esq., 
who transmitted it to us from the family seat at Mildenhall, 
Suffolk, in July of last year (1858). It was taken from a tree 
raised from seeds sent by his brother, Colonel Bunbury, from 
the north of India, sixteen feet high, the circumference of its 
stem eight inches; its age from the sowing of the seed seven 
years ; and it had on it, at this early age, twelve panicles of 
flowers. Of the hardiness of the tree in our climate there can 
be no question. Two or three years ago the first flowers were 
produced, when specimens were also kindly communicated to us 
by Sir Henry Edward Bunbury, K.C.B. 

Descr. This forms a good-sized tree in its native country, 
much branched. The brandies rounded, glabrous. Leaves 
ample, opposite, on long foot-stalks. Leaflets seven to nine, 
spreading, rather long, all petiolulate, broad-lanceolate, serrated, 
subacuminate, dark-green, above subglaucous, beneath firm and 
subcoriaceous when dry ; terminal leaflets the largest, almost a foot 
long. Flowers numerous, in terminal, thyrsoid, rather lax panicles 
at the apices of the branches. Calyx downy, nearly cylindrical, 
somewhat angular; superior lip 3-toothed, inferior bidentate. 
Lips erect (not spreading). Petals five, unequal, oval or obo- 
vate, clawed, very downy on the back, spreading but not regu- 
larly subsecund; a fifth petal is often wanting (the lower one), 
the colour is white, the two superior and narrow ones having a 
blotch of red and yellow at the base, the lateral ones blush- 
coloured there. Stamens five to eight, scarcely longer than the 
petals, spreading. Anthers ovate, with a short blunt spur at the 
base of each cell. Pistil: ovary oblong, downy ; style subulate, 
downy ; stigma obtuse. 

Fig. 1. Stamen. 2. Calyx, with pistil included. 3. Pistil, with hvpogynous 
gland : — magnified. 


Tab. 5118. 
COLUMNEA scandens. 

Climbing Columnea. 

Nat.. Orel. Gesneuiaceje. — Didynamia Angiospermia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx liber, 5-partitus. Corolla tubulosa, rectiuscula, basi postice 
gibba, ringens, lobis superiore erecto fornicato, inferiore trifido pateute. Stamina 
4, didynama, antheris connexis, quinti postici rudimentum. Glandules 1-5 circa 
basin ovarii. Bacca 1-locularis, placentibus 2-parietalibus bilobis. Semina ob- 
longa. — Frutices Americani, fiexiles, erecti aut scandentes. Folia opposita, brevi- 
petiolata, crassiuscula, subserrata, Mrsuta vel pubescentia. Pedunculi axillares, so- 
htarii aut conferti. Corolla coccinece. Be Cand. 

Columnea scandens; hie illic radiculosa herbaceo-suffruticosa, ramis obtuse 
tetragonis pedunculisque tomentosis, foliis brevi-petiolatis ovatis ovato-ob- 
longisve integerrimis vel calloso-serratis pubescentibus, pedunculis axillari- 
bus unifloris petiolo longioribus, calycis pubescentis profunde 5-partiti la- 
ciniis lineari-subulatis basi dente uno alterove instructa, corollse coccinere 
villosse profunde bilabiatse, labio superiore maximo trifido, lobo intennedio 
amplo fornicato, inferiore parvo integro reflexo, glandula hypogyua magna 

Columnea scandens. Linn. Sp. Pip. 891. Sw. Obs. Bot.p. 249. Jaca. Hort. 
Vind. v. 3. p. 27. t. 48. Bot. Reg. t. 805 (vix Bot. Mag. t. 1614). Mart. 

Nov. Gen. PL Bras. p. 65. t. 226./. 2. 
Columnea rotundifolia. Salisb. Paradis. Bond. t. 29. 
Columnea speciosa. Presl, Bot. Bemerk. p. 145. 
Columnea scandens, phceniceo flore, fructu albo. Plum. Gen. p. 28; Ic.p. 89. 


A handsome plaut, frequent in the West India Islands, liable 
to some slight variations in the leaves, and in the depth or pale- 
ness of colour of the flowers, but not sufficient to justify the 
separation of C. rotundifolia, as was done by Salisbury, or the 
C. speciosa by Presl, as distinct species. The C scandens of Sims 
m Bot. Mag., if intended for this plant, is a miserable representa- 
tion, and widely different in habit and in the colour of the flowers, 
and in the form of the corolla and calyx. Our plant succeeds 
well cultivated in a basket suspended from the roof of a moist 

June 1st, 1859 

Descr. A scandent species, but to a moderate extent ; the base 
of the stem becoming fruticose in age, the rest is herbaceous, 
obtusely quadrangular, downy, as is more or less the whole plant, 
rooting occasionally at the joints, branched ; branches opposite. 
Leaves opposite, with short stout petioles, about half an inch long ; 
ovate or oblong-ovate, thick, fleshy, acute or subobtuse, downy 
on both sides, the margin entire or calloso-serrate, penninerved, 
dark-green above, paler beneath. Peduncles axillary, longer than 
the petioles, single-flowered. Calyx of five, deep, lineari-subu- 
late, erect segments, having at the base on one side. one or two 
soft spine-like teeth. Corolla more than two inches long, dark 
flesh-colour, deep-red above, villous ; the tube moderately curved 
and laterally compressed, tapering towards the base j limb of 
two very unequal lips ; tipper lip very large, three-lobed ; lateral 
lobes spreading, small, oblong ; intermediate one very large, for- 
nicate (of two combined ?) ; inferior lip small, reflexed, ligulate, 
with a little plication on each side at the base, which resembles 
a tooth. Stamens included, the anthers lodged within the cen- 
tral lobe of the superior lip. Ovary oblong, oblique, a little 
curved, villous, with a large fleshy gland applied to the superior 
base. Style as long as the stamens, slender, filiform. Stiyma 
of two lobes. 

Fig. 1. Calyx and pistil. 2. Ovary and gland, seen from the back. 3. Side 
view of the same : — magnified. 




Tab. 5119. . 


Br. Thomsons Goldfussia. 

Nat. Ord. AcanthacejE.— Didynamia Angiospermia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4767.) 

Goldfussia Thomsonii; caule glaberrimo herbaceo gracih, apicibus ramorum 
calycibusque glanduloso-pilosis, foliia lanceolato- v. elliptico-oyatis utnnque 
acuminatis serratis subtus pallidis paribus supremis msequahbus tionbus 
ad apices ramulorum 1-5 sessilibus v. pedunciilo rarius elongato subspicatis, 
sepalis anguste linearibus, corollas tubo gracili basi albo dem lobisque in- 
tense violaceo-purpureis. 

This pretty species, of which seeds were sent by Dr. Thomson 
from the Sikkim-Himalaya, belongs to an intncate group ot tno 
genus, including G. discolor, Balhousiana, rndpensfemonotdes, 
from all of which it differs in its more slender habit, lewer 
almost invariably terminal flowers, and slender tube ot the deep 
violet-purple corolla; it also approaches very near y some states 
of the variable G. Wallichii {Strobilanthes Wallichii, Nees), Jbut 
that plant has a much more tumid corolla, with a broader tube 
and narrower limb. All these and many others of the genus 
are well worthy of cultivation, from the beauty and abundance 
of their blossoms, which are produced in succession lor several 
weeks. The G. Thomsoni has been gathered by Urs A&omson 
and Hooker in Garwhal (west of Nepal), in Sikkim, at elevation 
of 6-9000 feet, and in the Khasia Mountains, if vve ■»«*»"" 
our identification of these specimens, which in a dried state 
matter of great difficulty. ... _-_xi. ftrM i 

Disc A small, herbaceous perennial, of upright growth and 
lax habit. Stems slender, glabrous, a foot or two big M paring y 
branehed. Leaves two to three inehes long, the lowp 
petioled and nearly equal, the upper sessile and veiy unequal, 
all ovate or elliptical, lanceolate, with tapering points nd ^ ser- 
rated margins, nearly smooth, or with a little scattered pubes- 

June 1st, 1859. 

cence. Flowers generally sessile, in twos, threes, and fours at the 
ends of the ramuli, sometimes forming alternate fascicles on an 
elongated peduncle, and there constituting a short spike. Calyx- 
segments narrow-linear, blunt, with glandular hairs. Corolla 
curved; tube slender; throat long, gradually dilated, funnel- 
shaped, with deep oblique grooves on the sides ; limb of five, 
short, spreading lobes. 

Pig. 1. Calyx and style. 2. Lower part of corolla, cut open, showing the 
stamens. 3. Stamens. 4. Ovary and disc. 



Tab. 5120. 


Sir James Smith's Bltododendron. 

Nat. Ord. EricEjE. — Decandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char, {Vide supra, Tab. 4336.) 

Rhododendron Smithii; frutex humilis, foliis oblongo-ellipticis coriaceis acutis 
rugosis impresso-venosis basi cordatis margine revolutis supra glabris subtus 
pallidioribas pilis articulatis supra medium repetitim dichotorao-ramosis 
laxe tomentosis, petiolis setosis, umbellis terminalibus plurifloris capitatis, 
calyce subamplo laxo membranaceo, lobis ovalibus insequalibus glabris, 
corolla coccinea lato-campanulata subajqualiter quiuquelobo, stamiuibus 8, 
filameutis rectis subinclusis, ovario subcylindraceo pilis subclavatis erectis 

Rhododendron Smithii. Nutt. MS. 

From a drawing made by Mr. Holden, of Warrington, at Nut- 
grove, Rainhill, Lancashire, where this plant flowered for the 
first time in March, 1859. It was discovered and introduced to 
England by Mr. Booth, who detected it on the northern slopes 
of the Lablung Pass, Bootan, in company with B. Hookeri, Nutt., 
and like that it promises to be hardy in our climate. Its affinity 
is with B. barbatum, and it is remarkable for the nature of the 
tomentose clothing of the under side of the leaves. Each hair 
is jointed, stout at the base, rather copiously and dichotomously 
branched, as is shown at our Figures 1 and 2. Mr. Nuttall de- 
sires it should bear the name of the late Sir James Edward Smith, 
who was the first to call public attention to its ally the Indian 
Bhododendron arboreum, now so well known in our gardens. 

Descr. A low, branching shrub, with much the habit and 
general aspect of the original E. arboreum and R. barbatum. 
leaves a good deal clustered about the extremities of the 
branches, elliptical-oblong, acute, cordate at the base, the mar- 
gins entire and reflexed ; above strongly veined, dark-green, 
beneath pale-green, laxly woolly with rather sparse, jointed hatrt, 
which are stout at the base, above repeatedlv and dichotomously 
branched. Bracteal scales silky. Corymb or umbel of ten to 

June 1st, 1859. 

twelve or thirteen flowers, forming a terminal globose head. 
Calyx membranaceous, deeply cut into five, very unequal, mo- 
derately spreading lobes. Corolla as in R. arboreum, red, with 
five nearly equal spreading rounded lobes, notched at the apex. 
Stamens eight, erect, compact. Anther small. Ovary cylindri- 
cal, furrowed, clothed with clavate erect hairs, slightly sunk in 
a waved fleshy annulus. Style a little longer than the stamens. 

Fig. 1. Portion of the under side of the leaf, with branched hairs. 2/ Two 
of these hairs. 3. Stamen. 4. Calyx and pistil. 5. Ovary. 6. Transverse 
section of ovary : — magnified. 

. ^.etlfiL 

Tab. 5121. 
STANGERIA paradoxa. 

Tfie Fern-leaved Stangeria. 

Nat. Ord. CYCADEiE. — Dkecia Polyandria. 

Gen. Char. Mores amentaeei. Ament. masc. cylindracea. Stamina nume- 
rosa, snperficie inferiore squamae inserta, cuneato-quadrata, breviter stipitata. 
Pollen globosum. Ament. fcem. ovoidea v. breviter cylindracea. Ovnla 2, 
inversa, cavitate in basin squamaa utrinque solitaria inserta. Fructns ? — Planta 
humilis, caudice (caule) brevi rapiforme vix cicatricala ; foliis paucis, e apice 
caudicis evolutus, vernatisve injlexis, pinnatis, glaberrimis ; pinnis oppositis, sub- 
1%-juffis, oblongo-lanceolatis, acuminatis, ultra medium spinuloso-serratis ; (iis 
Lomarise timUlimu); costa valida; venis costa perpendicularibus, creberrimis hie 
illic furcatis ; petiolo, bracteis ad basin amentorum, amentis^w* dense lanatis ; 
amentis breve pedunculatis ; squarais magnis, arete imbricatis, late obovato-trape- 
zoideis, genitalia omnino velantibus. 

Stangeria paradoxa. T. Moore in Hook. Kew Gard. Misc. v. 5. p. 228. 

J. Smith, I. c. v. 4. p. 88. 
Lomaria coriacea. Kze. in Linncea, v. 10. p. 506 (not Schrad.). 
Lomaria eriopus. Kze. in Linncea, v. \ft.p. 152. et v. 18. p. 116. 

This very remarkable plant, which in its habit and foliage 
resembles no other of the Natural Order to which it belongs, 
was first in 1835 imperfectly noticed by Kunze as a South 
African Fern {Lomaria), and was sent by Dr. Stanger from 
Natal to N. B. Ward, Esq., and by him given to the Chelsea 
Botanic Gardens long after, viz. in 1851. It was first de- 
scribed by Mr. Moore, from imperfect specimens, as a " Zamia- 
like Fern," or " Fern-like Zamia," and the opinion expressed 
that its affinity appears to be rather with Cycadea than Ferns, 
which has since proved to be quite correct. In 1854 speci- 
mens with cones were exhibited to the Linnsean Society by 
Mr. Stevens (Proc. Linn. Soc. v. 2. p. 340), and since then 
both male and female ones have been produced at Kew, but 
unfortunately not in the same year. Of these, a pair of female 
ones, formed in April, 1858, produced perfect ovules, and 
withered away ; and in the same month of the present year 
another plant produced the male cone figured in our Hate. 
Our specimens were received from Mr. Plant. 

•tune 1st, 1859. 

The affinity of Stangeria is very close to Encephalartos, nor is 
there any structural difference of importance between the fruc- 
tifications of these genera ; in habit and foliage, on the other 
hand, they widely differ, and most conspicuously in the short, 
turnip-like stem of Stangeria, that bears no persistent bases of 
the fallen leaves, in its few terminal leaves, and in the Fern-like 
venation of its pinnae. This difference between the venation of 
the pinnae of Encephalartos and Stangeria is very analogous to 
that between the species of Podocarpus with Dammara-like 
foliage, and those whose leaves have a midrib. 

Mr. Smith, in his paper on Stangeria, after showing that 
Stangeria paradoxa was first referred to Lomaria coriacea of 
Schrader by Kunze, in the Linnaea, and that he subsequently 
made a new species of it as L. eriopus, also in the Linnaea, gives 
some valuable remarks on the venation of the frond of this and 
other Cycadea. I have hitherto had no opportunity of examin- 
ing a caudex of this singular plant, but I find the vascular bundles 
of the leaves to be formed of annular ducts surrounded by elon- 
gated cells, and also that there is a thick layer of wood-cells 
immediately below the cuticle of the stipes. The cuticle of the 
under surface of the pinnae abounds in large stomata, and the 
cuticular cell- walls are much undulated. Globular white concre- 
tions with granulated surfaces, occur abundantly in the cellular 
tissue of the stipes, and are probably composed of oxalate of lime. 

Descr. Caudex about a foot loug, tapering to the base, and 
terminating in a few roots ; contracted at the apex, and there 
giving off three to six leaves. Bracts few, imbricating, broadly 
ovate blunt, woolly. Leaves spreading, two feet long by one 
broad, glabrous except at the woolly base of the petiole. Leaflets 
about twelve pair, opposite, the lower petiolulate, the upper sessile, 
with a broad, adnate, decurrent base, smooth, glossv, bright- 
green; margin serrated beyond the middle, slightly thickened, 
pinnately veined. Veins reaching the margin, all free. Male cone 
on a long terete peduncle, six inches long by one and a quarter 
broad, blunt; apices of scales woolly, trapeziform. Anthers 
very numerous, yellow. Female cones similar to the males, but 
much shorter, about two to three inches long. Scales similar to 
the males externally, but shorter, more concave, broadly ovate 
when looked at on the inside, with two minute deep cavities on 
either side of the insertion, in each of which a small, broadly 
obovoid ovule is wholly sunk, its apex only protruding. Ovule 
with a single fleshy coat and contracted micropyle. J. D. H. 

Plate 5121. Right-hand figure, male cones; left, female. Fig. 1. Portion of 
rVii lorUon of male co "e. 3. Scale of cone and stamens. 4, 5. Anthers, 
b. lollen. 7. Scale at base of cone. 8. Itipe nut -.—all but Fig. 8 magnified. 



Tab. 5122. 

agave maculosa. 

Spotted-leaved dwarf Agave. 

Nat. Ord. Amahyllide^. — Hexandeia Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4934.) 

Agave maculosa ; humilis acaulis, foliis lanceolato-subulatis carnosis cartilagineo- 
denticulatis canaliculars maculatis, scapo bracteato, bracteis appressis, spica 
simplici laxiflora, bracteolis parvis membranaceis, perianthii tubo recto an- 
gulato, limbi laciniis tubum subasquantibus patentibus, staminibus longitu- 
dine laciniarum, stigmatis lobis 3 maximis. 

A species entirely new, as far as can be learned from the very 
imperfect descriptions of the individuals of the genus Agave in 
our books. The Kew Gardens owe the possession of it to the 
Horticultural Society of London, who received it from Texas. 
Its nearest affinity is probably with Agave saponaria of Dr. 
Lindley, from Guatemala, but that has leaves entire at the 
margins, and very different in shape and texture, the flowers 
larger, the tube curved, and the stamens as long as the entire 
flower. Our species flowers in September. 

Descr. Dwarf in stature, stemless. The leaves are rosulatc, 
four to six inches long, thick and fleshy, Ianceolato-subulatc, 
amplexicaul at the base, recurved, channelled for the whole 
length, the margin with small cartilaginous teeth. Scape cen- 
tral, a foot to a foot and a half long, leafy below, leaves gradually 
passing into leaf-like bracts, appressed to the rounded scape. 
Spike six to eight inches long. Floicers ten to twelve, rather 
distant, bracteolate; bracleoles brown, small, membranaceous. 
Ovary inferior, oval, almost quite sessile. Tube of the perianth 
green, tinged with red, much longer than the ovary, straight ; 
Umb of six, spreading, oblong segments, white, with a broad 
brownish-green dorsal line, white within, reddish-yellow in decay. 
Stamens six. Filaments rather thick, scarcely longer than the 

HJlrti 1st, 1859. 

laciniaeof the perianth. Antlers linear, versatile, yellow. Style 
stout, a little longer than the tube. Stigma of three large, diver- 
gent lobes, velvety at the margin. 

Fig. 1. Flowers with the floral covering removed. 2. Transverse section of 
an ovary : — magnified. 

W. Fitch, del 

Tab. 5123. 
GYNURA bicolor. 

Two-coloured Gynura. 

Nat. Ord. Composite. — Syngenesia JEqualis. 

Gen. Char, Capitulum multiflorum, homogamum, fl. tubulosis 5-dentatis. 
Involucrum cylindraceum, 1-seriale, basi (excl. unica sp.) bracteolis nouullis 
subulatis calyculatum ; squamis linearibns, ad margines, apice excepto, tnembra- 
naeeis, apice acutis. Receptaculum planum, alveolatum, alveolarum marginibus 
nunc brevissimis nunc in fimbrillas elevatis. Corolla tubus basi corneus. Styli 
rami apice producti, in appendicem longam hispidam saepius exsertam. Jche- 
nmm teretiusculum, rigidum, striatum, erostre. Pappus multiserialis, filifor- 
mibus, vix barbellulatis. — Herbae perennes, interdum basi suffrutescentes, Asiatics 
(tut una Mauritiana. Folia alterna, integra, dmtata aut pinnatilobata. Capi- 
tula corymbosa. Be Cand. 

Gynura bicolor,- glabra, caule berbaceo erecto ramoso folioso, ramis floridis 
elongatis subnudis monocephalis, foliis lanceolatis discoloribus pinnatinclis 
acuminatis, basi subaurieulatis, involucro cylindraceo basi bracteolis subu- 
latis plurimis calyculato floribus subsequali, receptaculo alveolate-. Be Cand. 

Gynura bicolor. Be Cand. Prodr. v. 6. p. 299. 

Cacalia bicolor. Roxb. Fl. Ind. p. 412. Salisb. Parad..Lond. t. 25. Ker, 
Bot. Reg. t. 140. Wall. Cat. n. 3148. 

In these days of popular admiration of the richly-coloured 
foliage of plants, truly Nature, and Nature's own, printing, the 
present one, though not new, yet long lost to <>lir gardens, and 
again restored, will deservedly hold a place; notwithstanding 
it belongs to a group of much-despised weeds, which includes 
our common Groundsels. Its leaves are on the under side, and 
sometimes on both sides, most richly dyed with purple ; and 
the flowers are not to be despised as far as colour is concerned, 
for they are of a rich golden hue ; but we cannot recommend 
them for a bouquet, in consequence of their disagreeable odour, 
when too closely approached. The plant is a native of the Mo- 
luceas, whence it was introduced to the Botanic Garden of Cal- 
cutta, in 1790, and by Sir Joseph Banks to this country in 1 799. 
Treated as a stove-plant it flowers freely, and is readily increased 

»I 1ST, 1859. 

by cuttings. De Candolle notices its close affinity with G. Pseudo- 
china and G. hamatophylla j and it is impossible not to see a 
great resemblance to the figures of G. Finlaysoniana and G.pur- 
purascens of Wallich, and Delessert's Icones, v. 4. t. 55 and 56 • 
all from Eastern India. 

Descr. The plant is perennial, but the stem is altogether 
herbaceous, erect, two to three feet high, rather slender, slightly 
angular, dark-purple below, varied with green, greener above, 
branched ; branches long, slender, almost leafless, or with a leaf 
only at the setting on of the branch. Leaves submembranaceous, 
broad-lanceolate or ovate-lanceolate, slightly downy, penninerved 
petiolate • petiole short, often stipulated on each side at the base; 
the margin pinnatifid and coarsely but sharply, and deeply but 
remotely dentate, two-lobed or auricled at the base, almost full- 
green above, richly purple beneath, in some of the lower leaves 
of our plants extending to the upper side also; leaves at the 
base of the branches small, sessile. Peduncles or leafless ex- 
tremities of the branches subcorymbose, bracteated; bracteas 
remote slender, subulate. Heads (capitula) of flowers solitary, 
terminal. Involucres cylindrical, formed by a single series of 
erect, approximate, if not coadunate, narrow-linear, elongated 
scales , dark-purple at the somewhat spreading tips, at their 
base having a whorl of five to six spreading subulate brae- 
teoies. Morets rich orange, not very numerous, slightly spread- 
ing unitorm, tubular; below singularly inflated above the base. 
Limb of five erect teeth. Stigma exserted. Styles cleft into two, 
long, subulate branches. Ovary cylindrical, scabrous. Pappus 
ot a single series of white, long, slender, setaceous hairs. 

n£d' \ pJnli ^^ bracte ° les - 2 " Floret - 3. Hair of the pappus -.-mag- 
nified. 4. Papillaa of the receptacle -.—magnified. 


Tab. 5124. 
THUNBERGIA coccinea. 

lied- fi 'o me red Th an bergia . 

Nat. Ord. Acanthace.*:.— Didynamia Angiospehmia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4985.) 

^hunbergia (§ Hexaceutris) coccinea; glaberrima, foliis polymorphs mferiori- 

bus h'astato-cordatis subacutis basiu versus sinuatis v. repando-dentatis su- 

premis ovato-cordatis acuminatis, racemis elongatis, bractew lnfenonDus 

' ovatis supremis lanceolatis, bracteolis spathaceislate ovato-acuuunatis, caiyce 

obscure dentato, corolla coccinea ore aurautiaca tubo bracteas vix superante. 

Thunbekoia coccinea. Wall. Tent. p. 49 and 58. t. 37. Hook. Exot. Flor. 
t. 195. Bon, Prodr.p. 120. Lodd. Bot. Cab. t. 1195. 

Thunbergia pendula. Hassk. Cat. ITort. Boy. -p. 147- 

Hexacentris coccinea. Nees in Wall. Plant. As. Ear. v. 3. p. 78, et m DC. 
Prodr. 9. 11. p. 61. 

This remarkabte and beautiful plant was sent to this country 
nearly forty years ago, by Dr. Wallich, from the Calcutta Botanic 
Gardens, but owing to the great size it attains, it is seldom 
seen in full magnificence in our stoves. It has long been culti- 
vated in the Royal Gardens, where it festooned for many years 
a great part of the gallery of the Palm House; but though it 
annually produced abundance of racemes, the flowers usually 
dropped off before expanding. We are indebted to Mr. veitcn, 
of Exeter, for the specimen here figured, which he raised from 
seeds imported from India. The plant appears to be a very 
common inhabitant of the tropical jungles of all the hilly repons 
of India, from Kumaon, Nepal, Sikkim, the Khasia, and Malaya 
Peninsular mountains, to Java; and a very similar but dirtcic it 
species, T. Mysorensis, appears to be equally abundant in tut 
Western Ghats, and in Ceylon. . . , « 

Descr. A very tall climber, with slender, much-branch ,1 
stems, and pendulous branches, festooning trees. Mancm 
sharply four-angled Leaves all opposite, shortly petroled, two 

Jl iv lsr. 1859. 

to five inches long, variously shaped; the lower broadly ovate, 
with a hastate, truncate, or angulate cordate base; the upper 
oyato-cordate ; all acute; the upper acuminate, the lower with 
smuato-dentate or almost lobed margins ; the upper entire, all 
rather glaucous beneath. Racemes terminal and axillary, pendu- 
lous, very slender and flaccid, one to three feet long, sometimes 
branched at the base. Bracts half the length of the peduncle, 
the lower ovato-oblong, the upper lanceolate, all acuminate, 
green, usually brown along the centre. Peduncles one to three 
inches long. Bracteoles large, spathaceous, valvate in vernation, 
concave ovate, acuminate, generally brown, including all the 
corolla but the limb, which is reflexed over them. Calm very 
small, obscurely twelve-lobed or -toothed. Corolla with a scarlet 
limb and orange mouth. Anther-cells spurred. Capsule rigid, 
nearly orbicular, two-lobed, two-celled, with a lame, flattened, 
rigid, ensiform beak, fully an inch lono- 

3 ^L 1 ^ 10 - 1 ?- 1 ! 5 Wit V he bracteoles amoved. 2, Base of corolla and stamens. 
A. Disc and pistil : — all magnified. 


Tab. 5125. 

Mr. H. Shepherd' S Rhododendron, 

Nat. Ord. Erice^e. — Decandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4336.) 

Rhododendron Shepherdii; foliis lineari-oblongis acutis glaberrimis utrinque 
concoloribus basi subacutis, venis subtus tenuibus margine recurvis, capi- 
tulis terminalibus plurifloris, pedicellis glaberrimis, calyce 5-lobo parvo, lobis 
ciliolatis subacutis, corolla ampla campanulata coccinea aequaliter 5-loba 
staminibus 10, ovario glaberrimo, capsulis gracilibus recurvis. 

Rhododendron Shepherdii. Nutt. in Hook. Km Journ. Bot. 1855, v. 5. p. 360. 

This is another of the beautiful and novel forms of Rhodo- 
dendron introduced by the venerable Nuttall from the mountains 
of Bhotan and Assam, and flowered by himself at Nutgrove, in 
Cheshire. Tt differs from Rhododendron Kendrickii (of which a 
Plate will soon appear), in the glabrous ovary and large calyx ; 
from R. arboreum in the colour of the under surface of the leaf, 
the slender nerves, and larger calyx; and from R. barbatum, 
which is perhaps its nearest ally, in the absence of setre on the 
petiole, and small calyx. Mr. Nuttall remarks that it grew on 
the Oola Mountains of Bhotan with R. eximium, and that it is 
named in honour of Mr. Henry Shepherd, of the Liverpool 
Botanic Garden. Our engraving was made from a drawing 
by Mr. Holden, of Warrington. 

Descr. A shrub, with glossy bark on the branchlets. Leaves 
towards the ends of the branchlets, three to four inches long, 
shortly petioled, narrow-linear, oblong or elliptic-oblong, acute, 
three to four inches long by one wide, of a deep-green above, pale 
below, " very thick and opaque ; the young are of a deep purple- 
red beneath." {Nutt.) Buds sharply conic, very smooth, the scales 
j uly 1st, 1859. 

green, dilate, and ovate {NutL). Flowers in large terminal 
heads, like those of 72. barbattim, of a deep scarlet colour. Calyx 
small, but quite distinct, of four separate lobes. Corolla broadly 
bell-shaped, equally five-lobed. Stamens ten. Ovary quite 

Fig. 1. Calyx and pistil. 2. Stamen. 3. Pistil, cat tnuwrersely :— magnified. 

■i cLet loth 

Tab. 5126. 

CYMBIDIUM eburneum. 
The Ivory Cymhidium. 

Nat. Ord. Orchidete.— Gynandeia Monandkia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4844.) 

Cymbidium eburneum; foliis distichis anguste linean-bgulatis ngidis apice bi- 
fidis lobis acutis, racemo brevi sub-2-floro, squamis elongatis acuminata 
imbricatis, floribus amplis obovatis eburneis, sepalis petahsque hnean-ob- 
longis oblongo-lanceolatisve subcarnosis acutis subundulatis, la hello ob- 
longo apice trilobo lobis lateralibus rotundatis intennedio tnangulan-acuto 
margine undulato, laraellis in unam mediam incrassatam carnosam auream 
pubescentein apice tumidam confluentibus. 

Cymbidium eburneum. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. v. 33. *. 67 J Paxton'i Magazine, 
v. 15. t. 145. 

This lovely and rare Orchid has hitherto been found by one 
botanist only, the late Mr. Griffith, who, according to Dr. Lind- 
ley's notes on the Orchidology of India, discovered it at Myrimg, 
on the Khasia mountains of East Bengal, where it grows at an 
elevation of about 5-6000 feet. Fine plants were imported by 
Messrs. Loddiges, probably from the Calcutta Botanic Gardens, 
from which Dr. Lindley described the species in lb4/. iae 
specimen figured flowered in the Royal Gardens, kew, in April 
of the present year, and its scent, which is scarcely so sweet as 
is usually described, slightly resembled that of starch. 

Descr. Stems tufted Leaves distichous at the base very 
long, linear or lorate, one to two feet long by three-quarters ot 
an inch wide, rather rigid, bifid at the apex the divisions sharp 
Raceme very short in proportion to the foliage, four to eight 
inches long, decumbent or inclined, few-flowered covered with 
long, sharp, imbricating bracts. Flotoers large, of a fine ivory- 
white colour, five to six inches across. Sepals and petals similar 
linear-oblong, acute, scarcely undulate. LabeUum shorter, wrth 
incurved margins, three-lobed at the apex ; the outer lobes 
rounded, terminal, ovate, crisped or undulate at the margin ; a 

•illy 1st, 18 59. 

thick, pubescent, golden ridge runs down the centre of the lip, 
and terminates in a protuberance at the base of the middle 

Fig. 1. Lip. 2. Column. 3. Pollen : — all magnified. 

J/? 7. 

Tab. 5127. 

CEANOTHUS Veitchianus. 

Mr. Veitch' s Ceanothus. 

Nat. Ord. Ehamne^.— Pentandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4660.) 

Ceanothus Veitchianus; ramis foliis superne petiolis pedicelhsque glabemmis, 
ramulis ultimis rachique innorescentias tomentosis, folns obovato-cuneatis 
apice rotundatis junioribus acute adultis obtuse glauduloso-serratis superne 
lucidis (sicco opacis), venis subtus validis, areolis fimbriate, nonbus an 
apices ramulorum omnium dense corymbosis v. in capitula oblonga giooosa 
densissime confertis. 

For this magnificent acquisition to our hardy shrubs we are 
indebted to Messrs. Veitch and Sons, of the Exeter and Chelsea 
Nurseries, who introduced it from California through Mr. William 
Lobb. Though closely allied- to and in many respects so simi ai 
to Ceanothus iloribundus (Tab. 4806), C. Lobbianus (lab. 481 lj, 
and C. „illoms (Tab. 4815), it is abundantly distinguished 
from them by the characters of its foliage ; and, beautitul as mey 
are, it far surpasses them all in the abundance ot its Dig r 
mazarine-blue flowers, and the glossy, almost varnished sin 
of its deep evergreen foliage. The specimen sent us D / ; ' 
Veitch was fully three feet long, and the profusion of flowew 
was so great that the leaves were almost concealed throughout 
the whole length of every twig. To distinguish it accur, c > 
attention must be paid to the perfectly glabrous brancblcb ujmer 
surface of the leaf, petiole, pedicel, and cayx to the g'^ess 
of that surface, to the venation beneath, which consists besides 
the midrib, of about four, very stout, straight parallel nerves 
given off at an acute angle to the midrib on each side , as also to 
the pubescence of the minute areoles between the J«J*J™ 
under the microscope is found to consist of minute """£* 
fimbria? or short hairs. It does not exist in our herbaria trom 
any North-American or European collectors. 

JULY 1st, 1859. 

Descr. A ramous shrub, with terete, glabrous, green, straight 
branches, and bright-green, small, glossy leaves of very uniform 
size. Leaves shortly petioled, obovate-cuneate, rounded at the 
apex, margin rather distantly toothed, each tooth terminated by 
a deciduous gland. Heads of flowers one to three inches long, 
forming when in bud broadly ovoid cones at the ends of the 
branchlets, covered with imbricating, silky scales. Bachis stout, 
villous. Peduncles slender. Calyx-lobes erect or incurved, tri- 
angular. Petals with rather long claws, and very broadly obo- 
vate, deeply cucullate laminae, of a bright deep-blue colour, as 
are the pedicels, calyx, and stamens. Ovary depressed, three- 
lobed, lobes tumid at the apex. 

Fig. 1. Leaf. 2. Back of leaf. 3. Portion of back of leaf. 4. Flower, 
o. Disc and ovary -.--magnified. 


Tab. 5128. 
DATURA chlorantha ; flore pleno. 
Yellow-flowered Thorn- Apple ; double-flowered. 

Nat. Ord. Solanace,e. — Pentandria Monogynia. 
Gen. CJiar. {Fide supra, Tab. 4252.) 

Datuba (§ Brugmansia) chlorantha; fruticosa, ramis teretibus ut et tota planta 
glaberrimis, foliis sublonge petiolatis late ovatis subtriangularibus grosse 
sinuato-dentatis acutis, floribus solitariis axillaribus pendentibus brevissime 
pedunculatis, calyce subcylindraceo laxo basi paululum dilatato apice lobis 
5 subuniformibus triangulare breve acuminatis erectiusculis tubo hinc semi- 
fisso obsolete nervoso, corollse fiavee infundibuliformis ore dilatato tubo ca- 
lycem plusquam duplo superante lineis 15 elevatis subviridibus notato, limbi 
patentis lobis latissimis rotundatis apice anguste uncinatim acuminatis. 

Flore pleno. (Tab. Nostr. 5128.) 

My first knowledge of this really handsome plant was from 
specimens which flowered at Sion House in 1845, raised from 
seeds sent to his Grace the late Duke of Northumberland by 
Dr. Wallich, but from what country is not known. The deter- 
mination of the species of Datura is attended with great diffi- 
culty, as all will acknowledge who have made the attempt, 
partly owing to very imperfect specimens in our herbaria, and 
more so from the very variable character of the individuals, their 
change of colour, and their disposition to become double ; and I 
confess myself to have been fairly puzzled with this, and I put 
the drawing of it aside for future consideration. 

In May of the present year my attention was again directed to 
the subject by a recent specimen of the same plant, sent by the 
Messrs. Henderson, of the Nursery, Pine-apple Place, Edgeware 
Road, who received seeds of it from Mr. Francis, the curator of 
the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, South Australia, with the fol- 
lowing remarks : — " A species of double yellow Datura, very 
plentiful in these parts, sweet-scented, and flowering all the 
summer, of a low spreading habit, producing its flowers seven 
to eight months throughout the twelve. This will be a useful 
JULY 1st, 1859. 

plant to you in England ; planted in the open borders in June 
you may expect it to flower finely during the months of August' 
September, and October. Here it stands the winter, being al- 
most deciduous. I never saw it when in England. It is worth 
your growing, being a free bloomer." There is no reason what- 
ever for supposing the species to be a native of Australia : on 
the contrary, it is more likely seeds were sent from Europe to 
Adelaide, where it would naturally be more hardy than with us. 
Our plant is evidently arborescent, and of the Brugmansia 
group. It cannot be the true D. arborea of Linnseus, which ' 
has quite entire as well as downy leaves ; nor the D. arborea of 
our gardens (D. Gardneri, Hook, in Bot. Mag. sub t. 4252); 
nor the D. arborea of Ruiz and Pavon, t. 128, which is more 
hke our D. cornigera, Bot. Mag. t. 4252, but is widely different. 
I he leaves of D. cldorantha accord in shape with our D. corni- 
gera; but they are quite glabrous, and the calyx is widely dif- 
ferent, as is the colour of the corolla. These differences are 
best seen by a reference to the respective figures. It need 
hardly be said that it has nothing to do with the B. sanguinea 
of Ruiz and Pavon. 

lelet Mi 

Tab. 5129. 

RHODODENDRON Kendrickii; var. latifoUum. 

Br. KendricJcs Rhododendron ; broad-leaved variety. 

Nat. Ord. Erice.e. — Decandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Fide supra, Tab. 4336.) 

Rhododendron Kendrickii, var. latifolium; foliis lanceolatis oblongo-lanceola- 
tisve acuminatis margine subimdulatis utrinque concoloribus viridibus sub- 
tus strigoso- v.glanduloso-pubescentibus demum glabris,capitulis multifloris, 
pedicellis puberulis, lobis calycims parvis acuminatis, corolla late campanu- 
lata coccinea sequaliter 5-loba, staminibus 10, ovario strigoso-piloso, capsula 
glabra gracili curva. 

Rhododendron Kendrickii. Nutt. in Ann. and Mag. of Nat. Hist. v. 12.;?. 10; 
et in Hook. Kew Journ. Bot. v. 358. 

Amongst the many new and beautiful species of Rhododen- 
dron introduced from' the Bhotan mountains by Dr. Nuttall, few 
surpass this in the gorgeous colouring of flower. It was collected 
by Mr. Nuttall's nephew, Mr. Booth, at 7000 feet elevation, ac- 
companying B. Edgeworthii, in the region of Pines and Yews, 
where it forms lofty thickets after the manner of R. Ponticum, 
through which he says the traveller finds dark and difficult paths. 
It had, however, been previously discovered by Mr. Griffith, and is 
the n. 2235 of his Bhotan collection. The original specimens have 
considerably narrower leaves than those here figured, and they 
are perfectly glabrous beneath. We are indebted to the same 
accomplished artist, Mr. Holden, of Warrington, for this draw- 
ing, as for those of R Shepherdii and Wiwhorii. The plant 
itself has proved hardy in the climate of Cheshire. 

Descr. A small bush, with a very ramous trunk, seven to eight 
inches in girth, covered with a smooth, pale bark. Leaves four 
to six inches long, about one wide, generally undulate at the 
margin, more or less whorled, green on both surfaces : young 
leaves and other parts of the plant clothed with reddish gluti- 
nous hairs that disappear in age. Flower-head rather loose, 

lueutr 1st, 1859. 

globose, fifteen-flowered. Calyx of five small teeth. Co- 
rolla bright-scarlet, broadly campanulate, equally five-lobed. 
Stamens ten. Ovary strigose. Capsule curved, slender, nearly 

Fig. 1. Stamen. 2. Pistil. 3. Transverse section of ditto : — all magnifie 

Tab. 5130. 
DENDROBIUM albo-sanguineum. 

Wltite-aiul-sanc/uine Dendrobium. 

Nat. Ord. Orcliide.e. — Gynandria Monandria. 
Gen. Ofiar. {Fide supra, Tab. 4352.) 

Dendrobium (§ Stachyobium) albo-sanguineum ; caulibus crassis erectis foliosis, 
racemo termiuali 4-5-floro, bracteis squamaeformibus, sepalis oblongo- 
lanceolatis lateralibus in mentum breve obtusum productis, petalis ovalibus 
obtusis pluries latioribus, labello obovato subrotundo piano retuso apiculato 
integerrimo. Lindl. 

Dendrobium albo-sanguineum. Lindl. in Paxton's Flower Garden, v. 2. t. 5. 

Paxton's representation of this rare Dendrobium, exhibits the 
flowers twice the size of ours, and the peduncles one- to two- 
flowered, coming out of old withered pseudobulbs; but Dr. 
Lindley's notes which accompany it, throw suspicion on that 
figure, which is probably made up from imperfect dried speci- 
mens ; for he says, " If it really forms racemes (as stated by 
Lobb), it will have to be removed from the section Eudendro- 
bium, to Stachyobium" It is a native of Attran River, in Moul- 
niein, and was imported by Messrs. Veitch and Sons, of the Exeter 
and Chelsea Nurseries. Our plant flowered in the stove of the 
Royal Gardens in April, 1859. 

Descr. Caulescent, forming elongated, terete, jointed, nearly 
erect stems, rather than pseudobulbs, a foot and more long, 
leafy at the extremity. Leaves five to six or seven inches long, 
subdistichous, lineari-lanceolate, sheathing at the base. Peduncle 
not so long as the leaves, erect, slender, clothed with short, 
sheathing scales, and bearing five to seven rather large yellow- 
ish-white flowers, each about two inches broad (four inches, it 
would appear, in the dried native specimens). Sepals spreading, 
oblong-lanceolate, the two lateral ones at their base forming a 
short, conical, straight spur. Petals oval, twice as broad as the 
sepals, very obtuse, with a few sanguineous streaks at the base. 

AUGUST 1st, 1859. 

Lip large, nearly obovate, subunguiculate, veined and a little 
waved, quite entire, plane, blotched and streaked near the base 
with deep blood-purple. Column short, in front and on the 
anther streaked with purple, decurrent at the base. 

Fig. 1. Labellum. 2. Column. 3. Pollen-masses :— magnified. 


Tab. 5131. 
jESCHYNANTHUS cordifolius. 

Heart-leaved jEschynanthw. 

Nat. Ord. Cyutandtiace^.— Didynamia Angiospbrmia. 

Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 5031.) 

JSschynanthus cordifolius ; caule terete scandeute glabra, foliis late ovatis 
giabris integerrimia carnosis, petiolis brevibus semiteretibus, floribus ter- 
minalibus vel in axillis binis sursum curvatis glanduloso-piibescentibus, ca- 
lyce basi cum pedicello articulato turbinato apice brevi-quhiquelobo lobis co- 
rolla* appressis, corollae velutiuse coccinea3 fauce intus atra strigosa, tubo ca- 
lyce vix triplo longiore superne curvato, limbo obliquo subsequaKter quadri- 
lobo bilabiato, labiis late ovatis concavis superiore apice bifido inferiore 
trilobo, staniiuibus styloque labii superioris longitudine. 

This is another of the many fine and highly ornamental tro- 
pical plants imported by Messrs. Veitch and Sons, of the Nur- 
series, Exeter and Chelsea, from Borneo, through their collector 
Mr. Thomas Lobb. Its nearest affinity is doubtless with our 
Jfoeh. tricolor (Tab. 5031), from the same country; but that 
has much smaller leaves, a shorter, broader, spreading calyx- 
tube (not at all appressed to the corolla), a differently formed 
and differently marked corolla, and a very different hypogynous 

Descr. Like the jEsclii/nanthus tricolor above mentioned, 
this has the appearance of being a climber and* an epiphyte. 
Its branches are moderately stout, terete, quite glabrous, pen- 
dent. Leaves two inches to two and a half inches long, cordate, 
sometimes approaching to ovate, thick, fleshy, quite glabrous, 
shortly and obtusely acuminate, very obscurely pennivemcd, 
slightly channelled in the middle above, the margin very entire, 
aud a little reflexed; costa prominent beneath: the colour i> 
very dark, almost glossy-green above, pale beneath. Pet 
semiterete, short, scarcely half an inch long. Vhwen large, 
beautiful, on short two- to three-flowered pe&ftcfa m the axils 

AUGUST 1st, 1859. 

of the rather closely-placed ultimate leaves. Pedicels short, 
curved upwards, so that all the flowers form a mass on the 
upper side of the plant. Calyx nearly turbinate, green, tinged 
with brown, obscurely five-angled, slightly downy, as are the 
pedicels. Corolla four to five times as long as the calyx, deep- 
red, glanduloso-villous ; tube stout, slightly curved; limb ob- 
lique, of four, deep, moderately spreading, broad-ovate lobes, 
the upper lobe somewhat helmet-shaped and bifid; the three, 
lower lobes yellow at the throat ; each with a radiating black 
spot. Ovary linear, terete, glabrous, tapering into a rather short 
downy style. Stigma depressed in the centre. Hypogynous gland 
forming an erect tubular ring at the base of the ovarv. 

Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Pistil: — magnified. 



Tab. 5132. 

MONOCHtETUM ensiferum. 

Sword-bearing Monochcetum . 

Nat. Orel. Melastomace^e. — Octandria Monog^ma. 

Gen. CJiar. Flos 4-merus. Calgcis oblongo-campanulati dentes tubo subse- 
quales aut breviores, acuti, caduci aut persistentes. Pelala obovata. Stamina 
8, alternatim inasqualia; fdamentis complanatis ; antheris longe subulatis, acutis, 
1 -porosis; connectivo infra loculos non producto, sed postice in condom varic 
conflatam, anthera ipsa sajpius breviorem, porrecto. Ovarium basi tantum costis 
8 subevanidis adherens, subtetragonum, apice villosum, 4-loculare. Stylus fi!i- 
formis, magis minusve sigmoideus, stigmate punctiformi. Capsula 4-valvis. 
Semina cochleata. — Frutices suffruticesj7<!<? utplurimum monticoli, in Repnblica 
Mexicana necnon in Columbia et Peruvia hucu&que cogniti, ramosi; foliis plerum- 
que tripli-septuplinerviis ; nervis convergentibus, pagina superiore impressis, nude 
folia sulcata videntur ; floribus purpureas aut violaceis ; antherarum minorum et 
fortassis sterilium Jilamentis quam fertilium utplurimum longioribus. Naudin. 

Monoch^tcm ensiferum; "ramis subdivaricatis, foliis petfolatis lineari-lanceo- 
latis obtusiusculis integerrirais supra glabellis vel sparse setulosis subtus 
villosis parura conspicue triplinerviis, floribus majusculis ad apices ramulo- 
rum terminabbus solitariis roseis." Naud. 

Monoch^etum ensiferum. Naudin, Ann. det Sc. Nat. 1845, j». 49. Monograph, 
Descr. Melastom. p. 255. 

The beautiful Melastomaceous plant here figured I give with 
the name by which we received it from Mr. Linden, ;i species of 
M. Naudin, too briefly described by him, of a genus established 
also by that author on certain kinds of Melastom ace® > twenty - 
four in number, chiefly referable to Bhexia of Bonpland, and 
Arthrostemma of De Candolle, of which M. Naudin says, "(ie- 
nus flore 4-mero, habitu specierum, et praesertim singulan inter 
Melastomeas hujus tribus stamina fabrica facile dignosccndnni 
et omnino naturale." Unfortunately the pentamerous flowers 
are not to be depended upon, for on the specimens now In 
us there are as many pentamerous as tetramerous blossoms. 
Thus, in regard to the present species, although there is reason 
to believe it has come to us authentically named, it does not 

AUGUST 1st, l 8B9. 

by any means fully accord with Naudin's brief remarks :— the 
branches can scarcely be called divaricate, the leaves are not 
linear-lanceolate nor quite entire, nor does the .character of the 
longer stamens (which with us are the sterile ones) quite 
accord. It is a native of the mountains of Oaxaca, in Mexico, 
and appears to have been discovered by M. Ghiesbrecht. 

Descr. A small, compact shrub (as exhibited in the plant 
before us), much branched : the branches nearly erect, straight, 
short, tetragonous, woody ; the younger ones herbaceous, and 
more or less tinged with red. ^Leaves horizontally spreading, 
subapproximate, broad- or ovato-lanceolate, on very short petioles, 
rather obtuse, subcoriaceous, three- to five-nerved, the margin 
obscurely sinuato-crenate and ciliated, dark-green above, paler 
and slightly hairy beneath. Flowers solitary, terminal, one and 
a half inch to two inches across, ovate or suburceolate, villoso- 
hispid, the limb of four or five, ovato-acuminate, spreading, cili- 
ated segments, of a bright-red colour (the whole calyx a good 
deal resembling that of Punicd). Petals four to five, cordato- 
subrotund, purple-rose-colour, spreading, a little waved. Sta- 
mens hop for the size of the flower, eight or ten, of two kinds, 
tour to five fertile, four to five sterile, the fertile with taller and 
slender red filaments, yellow fertile subulate anthers, and a slightly 
pedicellate appendage of nearly the same shape and size, as the 
antlicr-ceil, both suberect; the sterile stamens have shorter red 
filaments, much .dilated at the base, a bright-red abortive linear 
anther, and a lengthened cultriform bright-red appendage, 
which spreads horizontally or is deflexed. 



Tab. 5133. 

Mr. Bid-will's Brack y chiton. 

Nat. Ord. Sterculiace.e.— Polygamia Monoicia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx 5-fidus. Anthem congests. Styli cohserentes. Stigmata 
distincta v. in unicum peltatum coalita. Folliculi coriaceo-bgnci, poljrspermi. 
Semina albuminosa, pube stellari tecta, mutuo et fundo folliculi cohscrentia. to*- 
bryonis radicula hilo proxima.— Arbores {Nova Hollandia) ; folus lobatis mdm- 

sisve. Br 

Brachychiton Bidwilli ; ubique stellatim tomentosum ; folus cordato-tnlobis 
supra parce subtus dense fulvo-tomentosis, floribus polygamo-monoicis in 
axillis dense glomeratis, calyce campanulato-infundibuliforrai, litnbi ioDis 
ovatis acuminatis striatis intus prope basin squamis ; masc. columna 
elongata fusiformi ; hermaphr. columna brevi, anthens ad basm ovanorum, 
ovariis dense tomentosis, stylis apice cohserentibus, stigmatibus patenti- 

Seeds of this remarkable plant were sent to the Royal Gardens 
of Kew in 1851, from the Widebay district, north-east Austraha, 
by the late Mr. Bidwill. I refer it with little hesitation to the 
section Brachychiton of Sterculia, of Schott and Endhcher, ot 
which Brown has, together with the sections PcectlochrnmmA 
Trichosiphon (all tropical New Holland plants) constituted his 
genus Brachychiton. Of the five species recorded by Mr. Brown, 
1 believe very imperfect specimens exist in herbaria na 
which Dr. Mueller has found at Victoria River (north- st 
Australia), and calls Br. ramiformn, in ^1™^^™% 
this ; but the leaves are not, or very imperfectly three-lobe , 
the calycine lobes are short and very obtuse, otherwise the two 
appear to be almost identical. It is treated with us as a 
plant, and flowered for the first time in the autumn of IS W, 
continuing in blossom throughout the whole winter and spring. 

Descr° Our plant, riring from a large, tuberous root 
Bhrub, with rather spreading, terete branches, *^*"° n 
as is almost every part of the plant. Um* f™ ' " 
petroled swollen at the base ; cordate, usually ^ V \s thiee-lobed, 

moist 1st. 1859. 

occasionally quite undivided, sometimes obscurely five-lobed, soft 
and thick, sparsely tomentose above, densely so and somewhat 
fulvous beneath. Flowers polygamo-monoicous, nearly sessile in 
the axils of the leaves, jointed on the stiort petiole. Calyx red, 
between campanulate and infundibuliform, more than an inch 
long, palish-red ; the limb cut into five, spreading, ovate, acumi- 
nate segments, each having three nerves or stria? ; within, near 
the base, is a circle of close-placed, incurved, small, concave 
scales. Male flower : column nearly as long as the tube of the 
calyx, fusiform, downy in the middle, crowned with a dense, 
globose capitulum, of fifteen, sessile, yellow, two-celled, bright- 
yellow anthers. In the hermaphrodite flower a much shorter 
column bears a circle or ring of anthers, and this is crowned 
with the five, close-placed, very downy, ovate ovaries, tapering 
into styles, which are adnate just beneath the free, recurved, ra- 
diating stigmas. Ovules several in each ovary. 

Fig. 1. Male flower, from which the greater portion of the calyx has been re- 
moved. 2. Hermaphrodite flower, ditto. 3. Summit of ditto, with the^circle 
of anthers, and the five ovaries cut through transversely. 4. Anthers : — mag- 


Tab. 5134. 

Rigid Tree-Poppy. 

Nat. Ord. Papaverace^;. — Polyaxdria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Sepala 2, ovata, caduca. Petala 4. Stamina plurima. Filamenta 
flhformia. Antherce lineares. Stigmata 2, sessilia, brevia, crassiuscula. Capsula 
elongata, siliquasformis, 1-locularis, bivalvis ; valvis coriaceis, duris, a ban ad 
apicem dehiscentibus. Placenta marginales, filiformes. Semina plurima, ma- 
juscula, pyriformia, laevia. — Fruticulus dense foliosus, rigidus, glaber. Folia lan- 
ceolata, acuta, denticulata, penninervia, reticulata, rtigosa, rigida. Pedunculi ax- 
illares, uniflori. Benth. 

Dendromecon rigidum. 

Bendromecon rigidum. Benth. in Trans. Hort. Soc. Lond. 2ndser. v. l.pAOl. 
Hook. Ic. PI. t.Zl. 

This remarkably fine plant is one of the many interesting 
discoveries of the late David ])ouglas in California, and was 
first published as a new Papaveraceous genus by Mr. Bent ham, 
in the Transactions of the Horticultural Society, above quoted, 
and well named Bendromecon, or Tree-Poppy, having all the as- 
pect and character of the Poppy tribe, but with woody stem and 
branches. It was long, however, only known in the herbarium, 
but at length reared from seeds sent by Mr. William Lobb to 
Messrs. Veitch and Sons, Exeter and Chelsea Nurseries. It has 
proved quite hardy, and is really a handsome plant, flowering 
in the summer months. 

Descr. A small erect shrub, with terete, straw-coloured, 
woody, alternate branches; the younger ones only herbaceous, 
and these having several small lanceolate scales or abortive 
leaves at their base. Leaves two to four inches long, on short 
petioles, exactly lanceolate, glabrous, acuminate, rigid, glaucous- 
green, penninerved, the nerves meeting and uniting a little 
within the margin, so as to give a three-nerved appearance to 
the leaf, the interstices reticulated, and the ultimate areoles hav- 
ing free forked veins within them ; the margin is cartilaginous 

AUGUST 1st, 1859. 

and minutely denticulate. Flowers solitary, terminal, two inches 
across. Buds globose, apiculate. Sepals two, orbicular, very con- 
cave, deciduous. Petals four, subrotundate, crenulate, spreading, 
bright-yellow. Stamens orange-colour, rather numerous. Anthers 
oblong, two-celled. Filament about equal in length to the an- 
thers. Ovary oblong-cylindrical, furrowed. Style short. Stig- 
mas large, spreading. 

Fig. 1. Stamen. 2. Pistil. 3. Transverse section of ovary. 4. Portion of 
a leat -.—more or less magnified. 


Tab. 5135. 

CHEIROSTEMON platanoides. 

Mexican Hand-plant. 

Nat. Ord. Steeculiace^;. — Monadelphia Pentandria, 

Gen. Char. Calyx basi bibracteolatus, subcampanulatus, 5-partitus; laciniis de- 
cidnis, crassis, intus coloratis, basi foveolatis, aestivaiione quincuncialibus. Co- 
rolla nulla. Tubus stamineus cylindricus, exsertus, apice 5-fidus ; laciniis secun- 
dis, apice mucronatis, diantberiferis ; antherae extrorsse, adnata?, lineares, recta?, 
parallels?, bivalves. Ovarium liberum, sessile, quinqueloculare. Ovula in loculis 
plurima, angulo centrali biseriatim inserta, adscendentia, anatropa. Stylus fili- 
formis, apice incurvus ; stigma acutum. Capsula oblonga, quinquangularis, quin- 
quelocularis, loculicide quinquevalvis, valvis medio septa villosa, margine utrin- 
que serainifera gerentibus. Semina plurima, ovoidea ; testa Crustacea, nitida, atra, 
chalaza rosea terminata. Embryo in axi albuminis carnosi, orthotropus, ejusdem 
fere longitudine ; cotgledonibus foliaceis, ovatis, planis, radicula brevi, obtusa, 
umbilico proxima. — Arbor Mexican a ; trunco gracili, elato, coma densa globosa 
terniinato ; ligno albo, levissimo ; foliis aUernis, petiolatis, subrotundo-ovatis , acute 
&-l-lobis, basi cordalis, supra glauco-uirentibus, sublus albo-tomentosis ; stipulis 
ovatis, acuminatis, decidnis ; pedunculis in ramulis suboppositifoliis, solitariis, uni- 
Jloris; calyce extus cano-tomentoso, intus purpurea. Endl. 

Chetrostemon platanoides. 

Cheirostemon platanoides. Humb. et Bonpl. PI. Mqninoct. v. I. p. S2. t. 24. 

Nov. Gen. Am. v. 5. p. 302. Be Cand. Prodr. v. 1. p. 480. Adr. Juss. 

in Van Houtte, PI. des Serres, o. l.p. 7. /. 619. 
Macpalxochiquauhitl. Hernandez, Hist. PL Nov. Hisp. ed. 2. p. 531. 

It was towards the latter part of the last century (about 1787) 
that a scientific expedition, under Sesse and Moculo, was sent by 
the Spanish Government to Mexico, then called New Spam, and 
where the attention of the botanists was attracted by a remark- 
able tree, venerated from time immemorial by the Indians on ac- 
count of the peculiar structure of the large and very conspicuous 
flowers, which have their five stamens so arranged as to resem- 
ble the human hand, including the arm and wrist. It was be- 
lieved to be a solitary tree, of which no other example existed 
or could exist, in the world. Nor was it till about 1801 that 
a pupil of Professor Cervantes detected forests of the same tree 
in Guatemala, and near the city of that name. " Ihis tree had 


consequently," write Humboldt and Bonpland, who gave to this 
new genus the name of Cheirostemon, " been transported by the 
Indians of Toluca from its native woods, and that, too, long before 
the conquest of America, since it is recorded in the writings of 
authors, previous to the celebrated expedition to Mexico, under 
the Indian name Macpalxochiquauhitl, signifying Hand-flower- 
tree. It was, however, never botanically noticed till 1795, and 
then by Professor Cervantes. So great an object of curiosity 
was this with all the inhabitants of New Spain, that the flowers 
were gathered with avidity by the Indians even before their full 
expansion, and thus seeds were not allowed to ripen. Cuttings 
were transported to gardens in Mexico by Sesse and Mocifio; 
and at length their labours were rewarded by one, and only one, 

Humboldt and Bonpland brought seeds to Paris on their re- 
turn from Mexico, but none of them germinated. More perfect 
seeds were afterwards readily obtained. Humboldt, in 1811, 
speaks of its being in collections at Paris and Montpellier ; and 
not long after Mr. Lambert seems to have introduced it to English 
gardens. A fine plant had been long in cultivation at Kew, where 
it has attained a height of twenty-three feet, but never showed 
any disposition to flower. Happily Charles Dorrien, Esq., of Ash- 
dean, has been more successful, and fine and perfect flowers were 
produced in his garden in the spring of 1859, from which, by 
tne kindness of this gentleman, our figures have been made, 
me specimens arrived in the most perfect state possible, and 
were accompanied by the following notes :— " The tree is ever- 
green, but loses part of its leaves in winter, so the branches are 
?no e mt . n e . lower parts. It seems to like a temperature of about 
ou or 5o in winter. The first blossoms are (May 27th, 1859) 
gone oil, but there are now four more expanding. The flowers 
secrete (in the nectaries at the base within) a quantity of liquid 
nke sugar-and-water, tasting and smelling like toast-and-water. 
Jiacn blossom continues about a fortnight in perfection before it 
begins to fade. The plant propagates easily by cuttings." 

uescr. Bonpland, in his full description, gives the height of 
tne trunk of this tree at fifteen feet; yet in his notice of the 
plant flowering in the city of Mexico, states it at thirty feet, 
uur own individual is twentv-three feet, with a diameter of six 
inches bearing a rather spreading crown of branches, clothed 
wiw handsome foliage, which is partially deciduous in the win- 
ter. Leaves very much confined to the extremity of the branches, 
as in many species of Sterculia, which the tree much resembles 
m habit, and the portion of the branches bearing the foliage is 
clothed with rusty-brown tomentum ; the rest of the branches 
glabrous, with brown, smooth bark, or only scarred from the 

fallen leaves. The form of the leaves is cordate, rather obtuse, 
of a firm subcoriaceous texture, about six inches long by five 
broad, having a deep and acute sinus at the base ; the margin 
is three- to seven-lobed, lower lobes very obtuse, entire, not ser- 
rated, as represented by Bonpland, five- to seven-nerved, and 
these principal nerves are united by transverse reticulated ones, 
prominent beneath ; young leaves tomentose on both sides, older 
ones nearly glabrous above, densely tomentose beneath ; the to- 
mentum rich, ferruginous, composed of stellated hairs, as shown 
at Fig. 5. The youngest leaves have small recurved stipules. 
Petioles from three to four inches long. Flowers large, solitary, 
lateral, from among the crowded terminal leaves, and opposite 
to the insertion of a petiole. Peduncle an inch or an inch and a 
half long, obtusely triangular, very stout, curved, single-flowered, 
bearing two, ovate, acuminate, deciduous bracts, of which one 
is appressed to the flower. Flower four inches long, including 
the stamens. Perianth single, calycine, two inches long, and 
quite as much broad, thick, firm, coriaceous, downy, of a rusty- 
red colour, brighter and glabrous and glossy and somewhat 
wrinkled within, cup-shaped, deeply (two-thirds of the way down) 
divided into five, large, acute, erect lobes, which have the mar- 
gins a little reflexed, and a strong dorsal keel, which terminates 
below in five gibbosities or spurs, forming internally as many 
deep nectariferous cavities, of a bright yellow colour. Stamens 
five, monadelphous, bright-red, nearly four inches long, one-third 
of them below uniting into a tubular column, which at the spread- 
ing base combines with the perianth, exhibiting five spreading, 
yellowish rays or lobes, alternating with the nectariferous cavi- 
ties ; the rest of the stamens are free, and spread m a ian-shaped 
manner, like the fingers of the hand (whence the name Lltciro- 
stemon), or rather, like birds' claws, and like them curved to one 
side, cylindrical, very much acuminated. On the under side oi 
these five filaments (and externally, with regard to the axis oi 
the flower) are two, long, linear, yellow anther-cells charged witn 
copious bright-yellow pollen. Ovary quite concealed within tne 
base of the monadelphous stamens, five-lobed, woolly, tapering 
into a bright-red, clavate style, shorter than the stamens, ana 
bending towards them: this tapers into the acute stigma, ine 
fruit we have only seen from dried native specimens, inat new 
figured (nat. size) is taken from one in the Museum of the Koyal 
Gardens of Kew : for its structure, see the generic character. 

% 1. Flower, with the perianth and staminal tube Vfff^^^ 
*l<9htly magnified. 2. Pistil. 3. Transverse section of ovary. 4. Stellated hairs 
of the leaf:— magnified. 5. Fruit,— nat. size. 


rooks, .taP 

Tab. 5136. 

rhipsalis sarmentacea. 

Sarmentose Bhipsalis. 

Nat. Ord. Cactace^. — Icosandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Perigonii tubus ultra germen non productus; phylla 12-18, 
sepaloidea brevissima squamiformia, petaloidea rotatim expansa. Stamina tmme- 
rosa, longitudiue subsequalia et lirnbum sequantia. Stylus filiformis. Stigma 
3-6-radiatum. Bacca a principio eraersa, pisifbrmis, glabra, matura pellucens, 
perigonio marcescente coronata. Cutyledones breves, acuta*. — Plantas pseudo- 
parasitica, interdum subradicantes. Caulis articulato-ramosus, teres, angulosus, aut 
joliaceo-dilatatus, crenulatus ; crenae squamula vix conspicua instructs, nudce, sttb- 
lanatce vel setas minvtas gerentes. Flores laterales (rarissime terminates), parvuli 
tubepJiemeri. Salm-Dyck. 

Rhipsalis sarmentacea; caule gracili repente radicante raraoso terete obtusan- 
gulo, angulis 4-8 parum prominentibus, areolis confertis minutis subto- 
mentosis, aculeis paucis (8-12, Otto) tenuissiuiis setaceis ina3qualibus rectis 
niveis, floribus subsolitariis sparsis albis. 

Ehipsalis sarmentacea. Otto et Dietr. Allegm. Gartenz. 1841, p. 98. 
Report. Bot. v. 2. p. 244. Cactete Eort. Dyck. p. 60 et 229. 

"Cekeus lumbricoides, Lem." 

Native of Buenos Ayres and South Brazil. We had the satis- 
faction of receiving the branch of a tree from W. D. Christie, 
Esq., H.B.M. Minister Plenipotentiary, Argentine Republic, in 
the winter of 1858-9, covered with the creeping and rooting 
stems of this singular plant, which soon after being suspended 
from the roof of a warm stove, produced its delicate white 
flowers without any nourishment from soil. It probably runs 
over rocks in a similar manner. 

Descr. Stems prostrate, creeping, extending for a consider- 
able length, and slightly attached to its place of growth by the 
suckers of the fibrous roots, branched. Stems and branches 
scarcely so thick as a goose-quill, terete, green, furrowed ; furrows 
four to eight, shallow ; angles, or ribs, very obtuse. Areoles 
minute, downy, bearing a few (four to six or seven), short, stel- 
lated, filiform, greyish or white aculei. Mowers solitary, scattered 


on the branches, less than an inch in diameter when fully ex- 
panded. Ovary small, rather short, cylindrical. Calyx of a 
few, short, lanceolate, greenish scales, gradually passing into the 
oblong, lanceolate-acuminated, delicate white petals. Stamens 
moderately numerous ; filaments long, spreading. Ovary terete. 
Style a slender column, a little longer than the stamens. Stigma 
of four, linear-oblong, spreading lobes. 

Fig. 1. Portion of a branch, with a flower, — slightly magnified. 

i/j 7. 



Tab. 5137. 


Antarctic Forget-me-not. 

Nat. Ord. Boragine.e. — Pentandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Myosotidium, Hook. Nov. Gen. Calyx 5-partitus. Corolla 
hypogyna, bypocvateriformi-rotata, tubo brevi, fauce fornicibus quinque clausis, 
limbo Vlobo, laciniis latis obtusis patentibus, sinubus plicatis. Stamina 5, 
paulo intra faucem inserta ; jilamentis brevibus. Ovarium quadrilobum, lobis 
apice plano-depressis. Fructus subpyramidatus. Niices 4, dorso compressse, 
lseves, glabrse, erectas, late alato-marginatas, receptaculo 4-angulari affixae ; ala 
rectiusculse, undulatse. — Herba insults Nova-Zelandia " Chatham Islands " dictis 
habitans, subsucctdenta ; radice perenni ; ioY\\§ inferioribus amplis, longe petiolatts, 
eordatis, ylqbris, paralldo-venosis, superioribus sessilibus, omnibus glabris, nitidis. 
Coryrabus ampins, multiflorus ; pedunculis ante anthesin scorpioideis. Mores (in 
ordine) majusculi, purpureo-c&rulei. 

Cynoglossum nobile. J. D. Hook, in Card. Chron. 1858, _p. 240. 

This very lovely Boragineous plant, which cannot fail to call 
to mind the favourite Forget-me-nots of Europe, is an inhabitant 
of Chatham Islands, off New Zealand, S. Lat. 44 , whence it 
was introduced to Europe through the medium of Mr. Wartson, 
of St. Alban's, by whom a living flowering plant was exhibited 
at a meeting of the Horticultural Society of London, m March 
1858, and attracted much attention. With the inflorescence ot 
a Mgosotis, it has a fruit which, in the state of ovary,, induced 
Br. Hooker to refer the plant to Cynoglossum: but the fruit is 
quite different from the characters of both, approaching Umpha- 
lodes in the winged achenia or nuts, yet differing m the nature 
of that wing, not being in any way introflexed, nor are the nuts 
attached to the style, as in that genus. Its foliage is quite un- 
like any species of those genera, and we think it may justly oe 
considered a new genus, ranking very near the Forget-me-nots. 
The whole stock of this choice plant is (we believe) m the posses- 
sion of Mr. Standish, who sent the plant here figured to us in 
April, 1829. . - . , 

Descr. Root perennial. Stem herbaceous, a foot to a toot ana 


a half high, stout, succulent, terete, simple, leafy, glabrous below, 
pubescent above. Root-leaves numerous, very large (as large as 
a small cabbage, /. D. H.), cordate, very obtuse and even retuse, 
quite glabrous, succulent, glossy, parallelo-venose, on very long 
thick petioles, which are grooved on the upper side, sometimes 
tinged with purple : tipper leaves gradually smaller, at length 
sessile and obovato-spathulate. Corymb terminal, large, four 
inches across, compound, leafless. Calyx deeply cut into five, 
oblong lobes, hispid on the outside. Corolla with a short tube 
and large spreading limb, more than half an inch across, of five 
rounded lobes, of a blue colour, gradually becoming paler and 
almost white towards the margin, the disc with a dark-purple 
ray. Five, yellow, glandular scales (as in Myosotis, etc.) close the 
mouth of the tube. Stamens included, on very short filaments, 
arising from near the mouth of the tube. Ovary 4-lobed, de- 
pressed and quite flattened at the top. Style very short. Stiyma 
two-lobed. Fruit of four, dorsally-compressed, nearly erect, sub- 
cordate, broadly-winged nuts or achenia, attached to a quadran- 
gular receptacle, which is terminated by the short remains of the 
style. Seed ovate, acuminate, laterally attached. 

Fig. 1. Corolla, with the tube laid open, and showing the stamens. 2. 
Calyx and pistil. 3. Fruit, with its broadly winged nuts (represented as too 
much incorporated at the top). 4. The same, cut through transversely, and 
showing the receptacle. 5. Nut, cut through vertically. 6. Seed. 7. Em- 
bryo -—magnified. 


Tab. 5138. 

AERIDES Wightianum. 

Dr. Wight's Aerides. 

Nat. Ord. Orchide.*:.— Gynandria Monandria. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4982.) 

Aerides Wightianum; foliis loratis apice obliquis obtusis bilobis inter lobos 
cuspidatis, racemis strictis simplicibus multifloris foliis longioribus, sepalis 
petalisque ovalibus anticis raajoribus, labelli infundibularis laciniis laterali- 
bus pedi columnar adnatis obtusis intermedia subcuneata apice triloba ro- 
tundata, disco lineis plurimis elevatis crispis cristato, calcare brevi conico. 

Aerides Wigbtianurn. Lindl. in Wall, Cat. n. 7320; Gen. et Sp. Orchid, p. 

238; Contrib. to the Orchidology of India, in Journ. Proceed, of Linn. Soc. 

v. 3. p. 40. Paxt. Fl. Gard. v. 2. sub t. 66. 
Aerides testaceum. Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orchid, p. 238. 
Vanda parviflora. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. 1844; Misc. p. 57. 

An inhabitant of Ceylon, Champion; Madras, Wight; Concan, 
Law ; Bombay (Zoddiges). Our plant here figured was commu- 
nicated in June, 1859, by Messrs. Parker and Williams, of the 
Paradise Nursery, Holloway. Its chief beauty arises from the 
varied colour of the Iabellum when closely examined. 

Descr. Epiphytal. Boots large, thick, and fleshy. Leaves 
all radical, distichous, lorate, obtuse, singularly unequally notched 
at the apex, and having a mucro at the sinus beneath. Raceme 
arising from the base of the plant, longer than the leaves, many- 
flowered. Sepals and petals testaceous, much spreading, sub- 
uniform, obovato-spathulate. Lip projecting, three-lobed, side 
lobes small, incurved, middle one large, broad-oblong, testaceous 
beneath, dilated and crenate at the apex, semicircular, white 
above, with elevated lamella? on the thick, fleshy disc, prettily 
dashed and spotted with purple ; spur moderately long, obtuse, 
incurved. Column short, the base adnate with the lip and spur. 
Anther-case small. Pollen-masses yellow, compressed. 

Kg. 1. Front, and 2, side view of tbe column, lip, and spur. 3. Pollen- 
masses :— magnified. 
septeaiber 1st, 1859. 

WRtea,a£l ctli 

Tab. 5139. 
ARECA sapida. 

Southern Areca or Betel-nut. 

Nat. Ord. Palmace.e.— Moxcecia Hexandria. 

Gen. Char. Flares raonoici, sessiles in eodem spadice, spatha duplici cincti; 
masculi superiores pleruinque foemineis 2 stipati. Masc. : Perianthium 6-parti- 
tum, 2-seriale; stamina 3-12. Fcem. : Perianth'd foliola 6, irabricata, convo- 
luta. Ovarium 1-3-loculare. Stigmata 3, sessilia. Drupa monosperma, fibrosa ; 
albumen corneum, in sp. Xovaj-Zdandiae non ruminatum. Embryo basilaris. 
/. D. H. 

Areca sapida; foliis pinnatis, pinnis multijugis anguste lmean-lanceolatis repli- 
catis terminalibus prsemorsis, costis petioloque lepidotis, penanthii <J lolio- 
lis exterioribus angustis iuterioribus ovatis acuminata, ? late ovatis, 
drupis ovoideis, albumiiie sequabili. Hook. Ji 'I. 

Areca sapida. Sol. in Forst. PL Escul. Ins. Oceano Austral, p. 66 n. 35 Rich 
Ft. Astrolabe, p. 157. All. Cunn. Prodr. Ft. Nov. Zel. ^ook^omp. to 
Bot. Mag. v. 2. p. 374. Hook, f I. Fl. N. Zeal. v. 1. p. 262. t. 59 et 60. 

Areca Banksii. Mart. Palm. t. 151 et 152. Kunth, Fnum, PI v. Z.p. 185. 

The importance of the noble Palm-house at Kew, is now 
beginning to be felt by the blossoming of many rare Palms, 
which have never before produced flowers m any European 
collections. Although one of the less lofty kinds ol the princes 
of the Vegetable Kingdom, the present is an extremely elegant 
species, native of the Northern and Middle Islands ol New Zea- 
land (where the young inflorescence is eaten), and ol peculiar 
interest, as being one of the most southern representatives ot its 
Natural Order, occurring as far as latitude 38° 22 south; whereas 
" 38° is the limit of Palms in Australia, latitude 38 in boutn 
America, and latitude 30° in Africa." . 

As Dr. Hooker has had the opportunity of seeing and study- 
ing this plant in its native islands, and as he has recently pub- 
lished a good description, together withafignre of the ^florescence 
and fruit, we cannot do better than offer the following extracts 
from his < Flora of New Zealand.' Its flowering season with 
us has been in the winter months. Mr. Allan Cunningham has 
applied to this Palm, Endlicher's description, drawn up trom 


Ferdinand Bauer's drawing of Norfolk Island specimens (which 
have been considered by some as the same species) ; but this 
does not agree with the Zew Zealand plant in the shape of the 
drupe, said to be "globose" in Norfolk Island. Mr. J. Smith, 
of the Royal Gardens, Kew, has both of them in cultivation, 
and has pointed out a very considerable difference in habit, and 
in the breadth of the pinnules, those from Norfolk Island being 
twice as broad ; but there is great variation in this respect in 
both species. "Von Martius also separates them, but gives 
Forster's name to the Norfolk Island plant, whereas Forster's 
drawing is from the New Zealand one only, to which the name 
of sapida must remain attached, whilst that of Baueri may be 
given to the Norfolk Island species, if it prove really distinct. 

The genus Areca, our species of which yields the well-known 
Betel-nut {Areca Catechu), is found in Asia and its islands ; but 
the group to which A. sapida belongs, and which has a one- 
celled ovary, is supposed to be confined to New Zealand, Nor- 
folk Island, and the Malay Archipelago. Mr. Brown distin- 
guishes the Australian nearly allied Palm by the name of Sea- 
forthia (see our Tab. 4961): it resembles the New Zealand Plant, 
but differs from it in having numerous stamens and ruminated 

Descr. A. sapida is a small Palm. Trunk six to twelve feet 
high (Allan Cunningham says twenty feet), six to eight inches in 
diameter. Leaves pinnate, four to six feet long ; pinnules very 
narrow, linear-lanceolate, margins replicate ; nerves and costa, and 
especially the petiole, covered with minute lepidote scales. Spadix 
much branched, densely flowered, eighteen to twenty-four inches 
long, enclosed in a double, boat-shaped spatha. Flowers very 
numerous, of a pale-pinkish colour, males and females intermixed, 
one of the former being generally placed between two of the 
latter, all sessile. Male perianth six-cleft, or of six, ovate, acu- 
minate pieces, in two rows, outer one smaller. Stamens six, 
surrounding the rudiment of an ovary. Female perianth also of 
six broadly ovate leaflets, rolled round one another, and enclosing 
a one-celled ovarium, with three sessile stigmas and a pendulous 
ovule on one side of the cavity. Fruit an ovoid drupe, half an 
inch long, with a fibrous outer coat; the membranous testa 
thickened on one side down the raphe; albumen horny, the surface 
not ruminated. Embryo small, in the base of the albumen. J.D.H- 

Fig. 1. Greatly reduced figure of a flowering plant. 2. Spatha. 3. Portion 
of spadix, with flowers :-~nat size. 4. Male flower. 5. Stamen. 6. Female 
flower:— magnified. 7. Drupe. 8. Seed:— nat. size. 9. Albumen,— slightly 


"WRtch, ad. ctlth 

Vincent Brooks, Imp. 

Tab. 5140. 
richardia albo-maculata. 

Spotted-leaved Mchardia. 

Nat. Ord. Akoide^:.— Moncecia Monandria. 

Gen. Char. Spatha basi convolnta, limbo expanso marcescente. Spadix con- 
tinue) aiulrogynua, staminibus rudimentariis ovaria stipantibus, appendice ste- 
rili nulla. Anthem plurimse, liberae, sessiles, biloculares ; loculis connectivo late 
cuneato, superne in discum convexuni glandulosum dilatato, prope marginem bi- 
poroso utrinque aduatis, vertice poro dehiscentibus. Ovaria plurima, conferta, 
libera, placentis parietalibus tribus axira attingentibus, incomplete triloculare ; 
staminodlis truncato-clavatis stipata. Ovida in placentis parietalibus gelatinosis, 
pauca, superposita, e funiculis longiusculis anatrope pendula. Stylus brevis; 
stigma convexiusculum, glandulosum. Bacca uniloculares, oligospermae. Semim 
obovata, e funiculo longiusculo, testes crassae carnosa) adpresso, inversa, umbilico 
tuberculiformi. Embryo in axi albuminosis antitropus, eoque dimidio brevior, 
extremitate radicular! incrassata, umbilico e diametro opposite, infera.— Herbae 
Capenses; foliis radicalibns erectis, longe petiolatis, subhastato-cordatis, nervosis ; 
petiolis basi vaginantibus, scapum central**, subtrigonmn, in/erne amplexantibus ; 
spatha maxima, Candida. End/. 

Richaudia albo-maculata ; foliis subflaccidis hastato-ovatis acuminata albo- 
maculatis, venis opacis, spatha apice erecta basi intus colorata, spacuce 

Professor Kunth, with great propriety, separated the genus 
Mchardia among Aroidea of the southern hemisphere, trom 
the genus Calla of Linnaeus, peculiar to Europe and America, 
in the northern hemisphere. Bichardia has hitherto only been 
represented bv one species, the old Calla Mhioptca, Bot. Mag. 
t. 832 (Richardia Africana, Ktk), of the Cape of Good Hope. 
We have lately had the satisfaction of receiving at one ana 
the same time, from our friends Messrs. Backhouse, ot lorK, 
and Messrs. Veitch, of the Exeter and Chelsea Nurseries, two 
species (or possibly varieties), both from Natal, flowering in tne 
greenhouse in June of the present year. At present I shall con- 
fine myself to the subject before us, from Mr Backhouse which 
I name albo-maculatum, though I am far ^" s ^ .^J^ 
spotting, albeit very copious, is permanent Where tne spore 
are, the substance of the leaf is very thin and translucent, owing 

OCTOBER 1st, 1859. 

to an entire absence of colouring matter. As a species, this is 
perfectly distinct from R. Jfricana, in the different form and in 
the almost coriaceous texture of the leaves of the latter, which 
are moreover abundantly marked with pellucid veins, and they 
have a pellucid edge ; nothing of the kind exists in our present 
species. The spatha, above the involute portion, is much nar- 
rower, and never reflexed ; the interior base is coloured, and the 
spadix is much shorter than in R. Africana. This will probably 
prove as hardy as the latter mentioned. The other Richardia, 
from Messrs. Veitch, we shall notice on a future occasion. 

Descr. The general structure and aspect so much resembles 
that of the well-known R. Africana, that it will suffice to notice 
the distinguishing marks from that species. The foliage is of a 
much thinner texture, flaccid, and submembranaceous, paler in 
colour, truly hastate (not sagittate) in form, destitute of pellucid 
veins and margin ; the petioles are more slender. The spatha 
is much less expanded and less broad above the convolute por- 
tion, and this portion is nearly erect, not recurved ; the inside 
is purple at the base. The spadix is much shorter, and espe- 
cially the staminiferous portion, in relation to the pistilliferous 
base. The ovaries and young fruits have their cells varying 
from one to five. 

Fig. 1. Spadix, with pistils and stamens :— nat. size. 2, 3. Stamen. 4. Grains 
of pollen. 5. Young fruit. 6. Transverse, and 7, vertical section of the same. 
8. Ovule and funicle ; — magnified. 


W.Titcii.delct lit 

Tfincent Broc* 

Tab. 5141. 
EVELYNA Caravata. 

Aublet's Evelyna. 

Nat. Ord. Orchide.e. — Gynandria Monandria. 

Gen. Char. Evelyna, Pcepp. — Perigonii foliola exteriora erecta, libera; inte- 
riora subfequalia. Labelhm cum pede columnar continuum, circa eandem convo- 
lutum obcordatum, basi saccata bicallosum, disco nudum. Colnmna ovario con- 
^ D /f ' P arum producta, semiteres, clavata, medio antice processu brevi aucta. 

Anthera terainalis, bilocularis, loculis incomplete quadriloculocellatis. Pollinia 
o, collaterals, basi quaternatim subcohperentia. — Herbae Peruviana {America 
tropica) ; caulibus vaginatis, Miosis ; floribus spicatis v, subcapitatis, imbricato- 
bracteatis. Endl. 

Evelyn a Caravata ; piloso-hispida, spicis capitatis, labelli lobo medio longe 

Evelyna Caravata. Lindl. Fol. Orchid, part h.p. 9 {note under Sobralia). 
Serapias Caravata. AM. Guian. v. 2. p. 816. t. 320. 
Cymbididm hirsutum. mild. Sp. PI. v. 4. p. 94. 
Sobralia? Caravata. Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orchid. p. 177. 
Evelyna lepida. Rchb.f. {in Hambr. Gart. Zeit. 1859?). 

It fell to the lot of the distinguished German traveller and 
botanist Dr. Pceppig, to dedicate a genus of plants to our 
countryman John Evelyn, an eminent patriot of the seventeenth 
century, and author of ' Sylva ■ or a Discourse of Forest Trees, 
and the Propagation of Timber in His Majesty's Dominions ;' to 
which is annexed 'Pomona; or an Appendix concerning Fruit 
Trees, as relating to Cider;' and as a sequel to this work he 
afterwards published his 'Terra; a Philosophical Discourse of 
Earth, relating to the Culture and Improvement of it for Vege- 
tation, and the Propagation of Plants.' The first of these works 
alone would richly entitle him to this honour. 

The species which were selected, as belonging to this new 
genus, are five in number, all discovered by Dr. Posppig during 
his Peruvian travels. Dr. Lindley, however, ascertained that the 
first known species referrible to this genus was derived from the 
eastern side of South America, the one here figured, a native of 
French Guiana, and well figured by Aublet : to this locality we 

OCTOBER 1st, 1859. 

may now add Jamaica, where it was found by the late Dr. 
M'Fadyen, and by him communicated to our Herbarium. It is 
at once distinguished by the copious black rigid hairs investing 
the stem and leaves and ovary and even the calyx. The bracts 
are remarkable for their purple colour, while the flowers are 
bright-yellow. Plants communicated by Mr. Van Houtte, flow- 
ered with us in November, 1858, when our figure was taken 
Dr. Lindley has kindly given the above synonyms. 

Descr. An epiphyte, attaching itself to the trunks and 
branches of trees in its native forests. Stem about a foot high, 
erect, slender, terete, about as thick as crow's-quill, hispid, as is 
all the foliage, and more or less the bracts and calyx, with rigid, 
black, short, moderately patent hairs. Leaves distant, on long, 
sheathing bases, lanceolate, rigid, very long, and gradually and 
finely acuminate ; with two teeth below the spinulose apex, six 
to eight inches long, more than an inch wide, plicato-nervose, 
harsh and rigid, gradually smaller and more approximate up- 
wards, rather suddenly passing into coloured bracts. Spike 
elongato-capitate, very compact, formed of numerous, erecto- 
patent, purple, lanceolato-acuminate, imbricated, striated bracts, 
longer than the flowers. Flowers bright-yellow, with a short, 
purplish, inferior, twisted ovary. Calyx of three ovato-lanceolate, 
suddenly acuminate, nearly erect sepals. Petals shorter than 
the hp, as are the oblong, obtuse, nearly erect petals. Lip large, 
erect, three-lobed : lateral lobes short' incurved ; terminal one 
large, subrotund, deeply and beautifully fringed : the disc at the 
base white, furnished with two large glands, which correspond 
with two obtuse spurs or gibbosities on the under side of the base 
ot the hp. Column shorter than the lip, erect, nearly terete, white. 
Anther dark-purple, sunk into the two-toothed clinandrium. Pol- 
len-masses eight, m two series. 

Fig. 1. Apex of a leaf. 2. Flower and bract. 3. Labellum, seen from above. 
Column and anther. 5. Pollen-masses ■.—magnified. 



W Jitch. M 


Tab. 5142. 

PENTS IE MON centrajsthifolius. 

Red Valerian-leaved Pentstemon. 

Nat. Ord. Scrofhularie.e.— Didynamia Angiospermia. 
Gen. Cliar. {Vide supra, Tab. 4318.) 

Pentstemon centrantlufolius ; elatus, glaucus, foliis inferioribus oblongis supe- 
rionbus amplexicaulibus oblongo- v. ovato-lanceolatis, panicula elongata 
virgata secunda, calycia segnientis lato-ovatis acurainatis margine membra- 
naceis, corollaa tubo elongato vix ampliato, filamento sterili glabro filifonni. 

Pentstemon centranthifolius. Benth. Scroph. Lid. p. 7, in note. De Cand. 
Prodr. v. 10. p. 323. 

Chelone centranthifolia. Benth. Trans. Ilort. Soc. Lond. n. ser. v. 1. p. 481. 
Until. Bot. Reg. t. 1737. 

A native of New California, where it was detected and in- 
troduced to England by the indefatigable Douglas. Mr. Fre- 
mont is also recorded as having found it in the Rocky Moun- 
tains, probably of South California, but the precise locality does 
not appear to be recorded. Mr. Bentham, who first described 
the plant, observes that it has the habit of P. speciosus, but is 
easily distinguished by having the corollas tubular and scarlet, 
with the form of P. Hartwegii, scarcely more than an inch long. 
It was communicated to us by Mr. Thomson, of Ipswich, in July, 
1859. It is very ornamental in our gardens, and deserves to be 
more cultivated than it is. 

Descr. Perennial ; one and a half to two feet high. Stems 
erect, virgate, terete. Leaves glaucous, all sessile, erecto-patent, 
superior ones almost semiainplexicaul at the base, oblong-lanceo- 
late or cordato-ovate, broader and shorter near the middle of the 
stem, gradually diminishing in the panicle, and passing into small 
lanceolate bracts. Peduncles axillary in a leaf or bract, generally 
three-flowered. Peduncle and pedicels slender, red. Calyx of 
five, deep, broad, ovate, acuminate, imbricated segments, close- 
pressed to the base of the corolla. Corolla nearly an inch and 

October 1st, 1859. 

a half long; tube rather slender, straight, slightly dilated up- 
wards, red : the mouth of five, equal, spreading, short, acute 
segments. Stamens included : fifth sterile stamen filiform, beard- 
less. Ovary lanceolate, glabrous. Style included, slender. Stigma 

Fig. 1. Calyx and pistil. 2. Stamens. 3. Single stamen. 4. Ovary :- 


Ifineent Brook 

Tab. 5143. 


Umbellate Spraguea. 

Nat. Ord. Portulacace^e. — Triandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Spraguea, Torr. — Calyx disepalus, persistens ; sepalis suborbicu- 
latis, basi cordatis, emarginatis, membranaceis, patentibus. Corolla petala^ 4 ; 
eestivatio imbricata, libera ; duobus exterioribus sepalis alternantibus, interioribus 
sepalis oppositis. Stamina 3, petalis oppositis. Ovarium uniloculare. Ovula 
8-10, basilaria. Stylus filiformis, apice trifidus; lobis intus stigmatosis. Cap- 
sula membranacea, compressa, unilocularis, bivalvis. Semina 2-5, lenticulari- 
compressa, nigra, nitida, estropbiolata. — Herba Californka, perennis, glabra; 
caulibus 1-5, scapi/ormibus, e caudice brevi ortis, remote squamosis ; floribus 
confertis, scorpioideo-spicatk ; spicis plurimis, aphyllis, umbellatis, terminalibus. 

Spraguea umbelMa. 

Spraguea umbellata. Torr. in Plantce Fremontiance, p. 4. t. 1. 

This very singular plant is a native of California, and was 
first detected by Col. Fremont at the Forks of the Nozah river, 
in the foot-hills of the Sierra Nevada of northern California, 
in flower and fruit in the month of May. From those native 
specimens it was constituted a new genus by the excellent Dr. 
Torrey, and dedicated to "Mr. Isaac Sprague, of Cambridge 
Massachusetts, so well known as a botanical draughtsman, and 
especially for the admirable illustrations of the Genera of the 
Plants of the United States by himself and Dr. Asa Gray. It 
has since been found by other and by English collectors in Cali- 
fornia, and it has been introduced alive to the gardens of Messrs. 
Veitch, at Exeter and Chelsea, through Mr. William Lobb, and to 
those gentlemen we are indebted for the beautiful specimens here 
figured. It was exhibited in July of this year at a meeting ol 
the Horticultural Society, and "commended as a very elegant 
dwarf-flowering species, of novel character, well adapted lor rock- 
work, and the margins of flower-borders, having proved quite 
hardy in Mr. Veitch's nursery." ., 

Descr. Perennial. Boot subfusiform, branched. Stents three 
to five or more, erect, terete, bearing a few, distant, small, spatnu- 
late leaves, one and a half to two inches long, while the radical 

OCTOBER 1st, 1859. 

ones, of the same shape, are rosulate, five to six inches long. In- 
volucre of a few small but unequally sized sessile leaves or bracts. 
Umbel compound, of many rays, the primary ones bearing three 
to four, secund, crest-like, scorpioid spikes, formed of the closely 
imbricated, two-ranked flowers, white, beautifully tinged with 
purple, and dotted with the dark-purple exserted anthers. 
Flowers nearly sessile on the spike, generally with a small brac- 
teole (a third abortive sepal?), scariose with a serrated edge. 
Calyx of two, erect, orbiculari-cordate, unequal, scariose sepals, 
much larger than the corolla. Corolla of four, red, apiculated, 
ovate, erecto-patent petals. Stamens three, purple : filaments 
longer than the petals and sepals. Anther purple, oblong. Ovary 
broad-oval : ovules few, four to six, erect from the bottom of the 
cell, and elevated upon seed-stalks. 

Pig. 1. Flower. 2. Corolla, including stamens and pistil. 3. Pistil. 4. 
Ovary cut through vertically, showing the seeds : — magnified. 


Vincent Broote .iof 

Tab. 5144. 


Velio iv-fiowe red Lcelia. 

Nat. Ord. OrchidEjE. — Gynandria Monandria. 

Gen. CJiar. Sepala explanata, lanceolata, aequalia. Petala majora, paulo dif- 
formia, carnosa, explanata. LabeUum posticuni, 3-partitum, lamellatum, circa 
columnam convolutura. Columna aptera, carnosa, antice canaliculata. Antliera 
opercularis. Polliuia 8, caudiculis 4 elasticis. — Herbse epijjhytce ; rhizomate 
pseudobolbophoro. Folia carnosa. Scapi terminates, pauci- V. multi-flori. Flores 
speciosi, odorati. Lindl. 

L^lia xanthina ; folio oblongo-lorato coriaceo pseudobulbo fusiformi longiore, 
racemo 4-5-floro, bracteis obsoletis, sepalis petalisque oblongis obtusis sub- 
EBqnalibiu undulatis valde convexis, labello cucullato subquadrato antice 
obtuse trilobo, venis in appendiculatis. Lindl. Mst. 

We are indebted to Messrs. Backhouse and Son, of the York 
Nursery, for the opportunity of figuring this fine and new Bra- 
zilian Lalia (imported by them), and to Dr. Lindley for the 
above specific character and following remarks. 

" This resembles Lcelia fiava (Bot. Register, 1842, t. 62), but 
is far larger and handsomer. It most especially differs in the 
undulated sepals and petals being leathery and very convex, in 
consequence of their sides being rolled backwards, and in the 
form of the lip, which when spread flat is nearly quadrate, the 
front side, which is widest, being divided into three shallow lobes 
of equal depth, while the lip of Laliajlava is deeply three-lobed, 
the middle lobe being crisp and much longer than the side ones. 
Moreover, in the plant now before me, the lip has no trace of 
raised veins, while, on the contrary, in Lcelia fiava, it has four in 
the middle very conspicuously raised above the general level." 

Fig. 1. Labellum. 2. Column and anther. 3, 4. Pollen-masses ■.— magnified. 
OCTOBER 1st, 1859. 

WJitcii,a£U Mi 

Tab. 5145. 

Largc-jlo ice red Mom o rdica . 

Nat. Ord. Cucubbitace^;.— Dicecia Monadelphia. 

Gtn. Char. Flores monoici v. dioici. Masc. Calyx brevissime campanulatus, 
quinquepartitus, patens. Corolla calyci inserta, quinquepartita ; lacimis paten- 
tibus, obtusis, subundulatis. Stamina 5, imo calyci inserta, 3-adelpha. Fda- 
menta brevia, crassa. Anthem conniventes, uniloculares, loculo hnean, connec- 
tivi crassi undulati margini extus adnato. FffiM. Calyx tube- obovato v. sub- 
cylindrico, cum ovario connato ; Umbo supero, quinquepartito, patulo. _ Corolla 
maris annulo epigyno inserta. Stamina rudimentaria, styh basim cingentia. 
Ovarium infemm, triloculare, placentis juxta septa hinc panetahbus, multiovu- 
latis. Stylus cylindricus, trifidus v. tripartitus. Bacca pulposa, muncata, ma- 
turitate elastice irrcgulariter rupta, polysperma. Semina compressa, margmata, 
iutegumento baccato colorato, exsiccatione rugoso. Embryoms exalbummosi 
cotyledones fobacere, plano-convexai ; radicula brevissima, centnfuga— Herbje in 
Asia et America tropica indigent, qlabriusculce v. hirtce ; folns alternis, cordatu, 
paluiato-tri-quinqudobis; cirrhis simplicibus, elongatis ; peduncubs axtllarious, 
filiformibus, unijloris, medio v. supra basim bractea folwcea instructs. Audi. 

Momokdica mixta; dioica, foliis cordatis, 3-5-lobo-palmaUs, lobia ™™£^' 
tatis, petiolis glandulosis, floribus mascubs sob tarus magnis peduncuo 
elongato bractea magna biloba infra florem, calyds lobis F ofuud > s °™ s 
nigro-striatis, corolbe petalis subrhombeo-ovatis venous disco P^^ 
bus, 3 interioribus basi nigro-purpureis, fructu magno baccato ovalo-globoso 
rubro ubique muricato apice acuto. 

Momokdica mixta. Roxb. Fl. Ind. v. 3. p. 709. Wight et Am. Fl. Penins. 
Ind. Or. p. 349. 

Momobdica Cochinchinensis. Spreng. Syst. Veget. v. Z.p. 14. 

Mtjbicia Cochincbinensis. Lour. Fl Cochinchin. v. ».J>. 732. Be Cand.Prodr. 
v. Z.p. 318. 

One of the tropical stoves at Kew has been rendered very at- 
tractive for some years past by the introduction of various Gu- 
curbitaceous plants, trained under the rafters and the lights." 
is a family of plants that have been too much fgketed for they 
present uo small degree of beauty in then flowers, and their 
fruits are remarkable* in their size or form or colour and often 
their utility. Even in the open air many species will flower and 

octobeb 1st, 1859. 

ripen their fruit in the open ground. The present plant is of 
recent introduction ; the ripe, curiously compressed and embossed 
seeds, accompanied by a drawing, were sent to us from Moul- 
mein by the Rev. C. S. P. Parish, and prove to be those of the 
Momordica mixta of Roxburgh ; and this is considered identical 
with the Muricia Cocldnchinensis of Loureiro : if so, it is exe- 
crably described, but is thence shown to be a native of China 
and Cochinchina, as of thickets about Calcutta. No figure has 
ever been published, yet the flowers are both large and hand- 
some. Unfortunately our plants have produced only male 
flowers : these quite suffice to form a judgment of the species, 
especially in conjunction with an outline representation of the 
fruit, copied from the unpublished drawings of Roxburgh, in 
the museum of the India House. The plant flowered with us 
in July. 

Descr. Stems climbing, rather slender, angular. Leaves on 
long, grooved petioles, bearing conspicuous Peziza-shaped glands, 
varying in size, cordate, three- to five-palmato-lobate, the seg- 
ments sinuato-dentate. Opposite the petioles are simple ten- 
drils. Peduncles long, single -flowered, bearing a two-lobed 
pilose bract beneath the blossom. Flower (male) very large, 
full four inches in diameter. Calj/x deeply cut into five, ovato- 
lanceolate lobes, striated with black. Corolla paten ti-campanu- 
late, of five, rotundato-trapezoid, acute petals, copiously veined, 
prominently so beneath, subundulate, pale straw-coloured ex- 
ternally, villous within on the disc : the three inner petals black- 
purple .at the base. Stamens as in the genus, with very long 
sinuous antJier -cells. Fruit large, oval-rotundnte, red, muricated, 
acute, three-celled, containing many large seeds. 

Our Plate exhibits a small portion of a male plant, with flowers and fruit,— 
t. size. Fig. 1. The united stamens, crowning a large fleshy-lobed gland,- 

nat. size 



Tab. 5140. 

Mr. Nuttalfs Bhododendron. 

Nat. Ord. Ericacej..— Decandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4336.) 

Rhododendron arboreum ; foliis maximis coriaceis ovalibus utrinque obtusis 
ajMculatis subtus valde reticulatis fusco-squaniosis, floribus maximis, corym- 
bis 1-6-tloris, lobis calvcinis crassiusculis oblongo-ovalibus obtusis, corolla 
robcampanulata, Btaminibus, capsala 5-loculari calyce persistente f-tecta, 
scmiuihus pallidis ovato-lanceolatis lato-marginatis, margimbus erosis. JSvU. 

Rhododendron Nuttallii. Booth, MS. Nutt. in Hook. Kew Gard. Misc. v. 5. 

p. 355. 

As Victoria regia is justly considered the Queen of Water- 
lilies, so the plant here represented may with equal justice be 
called the Prince of Rhododendrons. let our figure though on 
a quarto size, does no justice to the plant itself, as it flowered in 
the Rhododendron House at Kew in May of the present year 
and of which a drawing of the flowering portion, on imperial 
folio, is now before us. The height was nine feet. The principal 
branch was terminated by a corymb of ten or twelve flowers, 
the cluster measuring fifteen inches across : the corollas white, 
yellow in the centre, having measured six inches across, with a 
tinge of blush on the lobes ; and the bud, just before expansion, 
is of the same length. The leaves have their charms too: tne 
largest of them a foot long, including the short thick petiole are 
much puckered on the superior surface, that is swollen or blisterea 
in the areoles of the network, and these reflect a strong light. 
Nor does this include all the beauties of the plant. Ihe i coiy mo 
long before it is developed, is enclosed within a scaly bud, u :\ 
may so call it, six inches long and nearly four inches in ^ 
very much resembling a pine-cone or the flower-head of some 
South African Proteaceous plant ; and the large deciduous scales 
are richly coloured too, almost white below, dee p-rose in tne 
centre, and tipped with green. Somewhat similar but smaller 
scale-buds envelope the infant foliage, which, too, is red when 

NOVEMBER 1ST, 1859. 

first bursts forth. Such a Rhododendron well merits the name of 
the late Mr. Nuttall, given to it by its discoverer, Mr. Booth ; 
and we know that but a little before his lamented death, one 
of the last sources of pleasure he derived from the vegetable 
creation, which he had so long and so successfully studied, was 
the information of his namesake having for the first time flow- 
ered (at Kew), and the sight of the large drawing above referred 
to. The species was discovered by Mr. Booth, in the " Duphla 
Hills, at Mere Patao, about Seram's village, on the banks of the 
Papoo, Bhotan, growing in swampy grounds, among Yews and 
Oaks, sometimes epiphytically on trees, and at an elevation of 
from four to five thousand feet above the sea-level." We have 
seen a drawing of a specimen in the possession of Mr. Standish, 
which flowered on the Continent ; and Lady Dorothy Nevill in- 
forms us she has a plant showing flower at this time (October, 

Descr. Height thirty feet in its native country ; when an epi- 
phyte, it rises only from twelve to thirteen feet, and has then 
thick tuberous roots. Leaves from six inches to nearly a foot long, 
firm and coriaceous, acute, strongly reticulated, and blistered 
or bullate in the areoles, dark-greeii, much paler beneath, and 
there partially covered with numerous minute, circular, peltate, 
resinous scales. Corymb varying in size according to the number 
of flowers, which are from four to ten or twelve." Calyx an inch 
long, with large, obovate, greenish lobes, tinged with red. Corolla 
pure-white, fragrant, having a deep-yellow tinge at the base 
within; the lobes slightly tinged with rose-colour: tube broad- 
mfundibuliform, with five cavities at the base; the lobes very 
large, broad, and obtuse. Stamens ten, curved upwards. Ovary 
ovato-rotundate, scaly, five- to ten-celled. Style shorter than the 
tube of the corolla. Stigma very large, peltate, with five lobes. 

Fig. 1. Stamen. 2. Pistil. 3. Section of ovarv. 4. Scales on the under 
side of the leaf .—magnifi-d. 


Imccnt Brooks, Imp. 

Tab. 5147. 
BRYOPHYLLUM proliferum. 

Proliferous Bryophyllum. 

Nat. Ord. Crassulace.*:.— Octandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx inflatus, ante florescentiam vesicularis, vix ad medium 4- 
fidus, lobis 4-valvatis. Corolla gamopetala, hypogyna ; tubo longo, cylindraceo, 
basi obtuse tetragono ; lobis 4, ovato-triangularibus, acutis. Stamina 8, tubi basi 
adnata. Glandule. 4, oblongs— Suffrutices carnosi, erech, ramosi, glabn. -t olia 
opposita, crassa, petiolata ; alia impari-pinnata ; nunc segmenhs l-2-jugis, inter- 
dum nullis, terminal* maxim interdum solitario, pinnis ovatis oblongis crenaUs, 
crenis (in B. calycino) punctum opacum in plantulam facile evolutam gerentibiis. 
Cyrhse paniculate, terminates, nunc prolifera. Mores e flavo rubentes. Lalyx 
fere Silene inflate. Be Cand. 

Bryophyllum proliferum ; elatum, caule tetragono, folus pinnatis, racln late 
alata, pinnia oppositis oblongo-lanceolatis sessilibus crenato-serratis, cyniis 
tenninalibns proliferis, fluribus nutantibus, calyce tetragono, stammibus 
Btyloque exsertis. 

Bryophyllum proliferum. Bowie, MS. 

If the two genera, Kalanchoe, Adans., and Bryophyllum, Salisb., 
are to be retained, the present singular plant belongs to the 
latter genus, indicated by the monophyllous inflated calyx; and 
the species, though possessed of little beauty to recommend it, 
is nevertheless very peculiar, and deserving of place in a gieen- 
house to those who cultivate succulent plants. ihe stout > j 1 ™ 
at the base almost woody stems, attain, with us, a height oi 
10-12 feet, and when the copious corymbs of flowers appeal, 
they are disfigured by the quantity of proliferous shoots spring- 
ing from the bases of the pedicels; whereas as is well known 
a similar power of reproduction exists in the crenatures otthe 
leaves of Bryophyllum calycimm, especially when the leaves 
come in contact With the sol It is a native of Madagascar but 
certainly neither under Bryophyllum ^^ j TlltT, 
anything described like it There is \ KaIancho " D fj^ f ' 
as its specific name implies, of Delagoa Bay, a good deal to the 
east of Natal, but all that is said of it is (Eckl. et Zeyh. Enum. 

NOVEMBER 1ST, 1859. 

PL Afr. Austr. Extratropica, p. 305), " Exemplum et mutilum 
eel. Commodore Owen ad Delagoa Bay legit, et nobiscum com- 
municavit." Our plants were raised from cuttings, sent from the 
Cape of Good Hope, and which he received as dried specimens 
for the herbarium, by Mr. Bowie. The species requires a warm 
and dry house for its successful cultivation. 

Descr. Stem ten to twelve feet high, moderately branched, 
rounded and terete, and almost woody below; the branches 
acutely tetragonal, very succulent, as is the whole plant. Leaves 
a foot to a foot and a half long, opposite, impari-pinnate, with 
about five opposite pairs of leaflets, which are sessile, subde- 
current, oblong-lanceolate, obtuse, crenate. Rachis very thick, 
deeply furrowed in front. Inflorescence terminal, in compound, 
pedunculated, proliferous cymes : sometimes all are proliferous, 
at other times the pedicels bear drooping flowers, one and a 
half inch long. Calyw large, inflated, bluntly tetragonal, with 
four, short, acute lobes. Corolla longer than the calyx, urceo- 
lato-cylindrical. Limb four-lobed. Stamens exserted, alternately 
longer. Ovaria with a blunt scale or gland at the base of each. 

Fig. 1. Corolla and stamen. 2. The same, laid open : — magnified. 


Tab. 5148. 


Mr. Cuming s Hoy a. 

Nat. Ord. Asclepiade.e. — Pentandria Digynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx brevis, pentaphyllus, plus minusve alte quinquefida, Iaciniis 
planis v. reflexis, a?stivatione valvata. Corona staminea 5-phylla ; foliolis de- 
pressis patentibus, vel plus minusve gynostegio verticaliter adnatis carnosis an- 
gulo interiore in dentera antherse incumbentem producto. Gynostegium breve. 
Anthera membrana terminate. Massa pollinis basi affixa?, oblongse, compressac, 
conniventes, saepius margine pellucidae. Stigma muticum, cum papilla media 
obtusa, v. subapiculatum. FoUiculi laeves v. appendiculis instructi, subpoly- 
pteri. Semina comosa. — Frutices vel suffrutices Indict v. Molnccani, rarissime 
Africani, volubiles, scandentes aid decumbentes ; foliis carnosis v. coriaceis^ v. mem- 
branaceis; floribus umhellatis; umbellis extra-axillaribus sapius multijioris. Dene, 
in Be Cand. Prodr. 

Hoya Cumingiana ; scandens glabra, ramis foliosis, foliis ovato-cordatis obtusis 
subcaruosis subtus venosis papillo-velutinis brevi-petiolatis, pedunculis plu- 
ritloris brcvibus pedicellisque glabris, corollas Iaciniis triaugularibus acutis 
reflexis extrorsum glabris, introrsum papillosis, corona? stamineae foliolis 
ovatis supra convexis, marginibus revolutis, angulo interiore porrecto, stig- 
mati apiculato incumbente. Dene, in De Cand. 

Hoya Cuminsriana. Dene, in De Cand. Prodr. v. 8. p. 636. 

Flowering specimens of the pretty Hoya here figured were 
communicated to us by Mr. Lowe, of the Clapton Nursery, who 
received the plant from the Eastern Archipelago, gathered either 
in Singapore or in Borneo. It probably is a native of both those 
islands, and of the Malayan Islands generally, being unquestion- 
ably the //. Cumingiana of Decaisne in De Candolle s < Prodro- 
me,' from the Philippine Islands (n. 1480 of Mr. Cuming s dis- 
tributed specimens). There are, indeed, some trifling discre- 
pancies between the character in the < Prodromus and our spe- 
cimens, almost wholly, however, depending on the more or less 
pubescent character, a circumstance extremely liable to vary. 

Descr. A climber, with terete, green branches, slightly pu- 
bescent, as are the very short petioles, the peduncles, and m(p. 
Leaves coriaceous, elliptical -ovate, cordate at the base, suddenly 

NOVEMBER 1ST, 1859. 

acute at the point, very indistinctly penninerved. Peduncles a 
little supra-axillary, three-quarters of an inch long, bearing an 
umbel of flowers, which are drooping : pedicels an inch long, 
slender. Calyx quinquepartite, the segments oblong-ovate, ob- 
tuse. Flowers tawny-yellow. Corolla with its five obtuse lobes 
reflexed. Staminal crotvn purple in the centre. 

Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Calyx and pistils: — magnified. 



Tab. 5149. 
DISSOTIS Irvingiana, 

Dr. Irving s Dissotis. 

Nat. Ord. Melastomaceje.— Decandria Mokogynia. 

Gen. Char. Dissotis, Benfh. Calyx ovoideo-tubulosus, ovario mediantibus 
costis adnatus vel deraum liber; limbi laciniae 5, deciduae, apice pluri-setosae ; 
sqmma palmatim setose, in tnlmm sparsae vel subseriatira dispositse. Petala 5, 
ampla. Stamina 10, antheris litieari-falcatis rostratis uniporosis 5 petahs oppo- 
sita, connectivo longissimo filifonni postice in appendices 2 tenues producto, 5 
laciniis calvcinis opposita, antheris dimidio minoribus connectivo breyi sed panter 
filiforroi et bicalearato. Ovarium disco setoso coronatum, 5-loculare. Stj/Uu 
sequalis v. auperne Icvitcr incrassatus, apice truncato-dilatatua et stigmatosus. 
Capsula calvcc iuclusa, fere libera, 5-locularis, mlvulis 5 locubcide dehiscens. 
Semina numerosa, cochlcata.— Herbse African*, erect*, habitu Chaetogastm 
Amcrieanis approximantf*. Benth. in Niger Flora, p. 346. 

Dissotis Inmguma; ubique pilis patentibus hispidissima herbacea copiose 
ramosa, ramn tetragonia, foliia elongato-lanceolatis brevi-petiolatis, calyns 
tubi tuberculis elongatis clavatis. 

From tropical Western Africa, whence I received specimens 
from the late Dr. Irving, gathered in Abeokuta, and, more re- 
cently, both seeds and specimens from the late Mr. Barter, wmie 
Botanist to the Niger Expedition. Both these travellers have 
since fallen a sacrifice to the climate ; the former more especially 
in the cause of humanity, the latter to the love of science and 
the arduous duties under his energetic friend, and most successtui 
commander of the Expedition, Dr. Baikie. During upwards o 
two years' exposure to the climate, Mr. Barter enjoyed excellent 
health, under the most perilous and trying circums ances, audit 
is only recently that the news of his death has reached England 
from a rapid attack of dysentery, at Rabba, and ^while ininn»W 
with comparative comforts :_the first death that has occuned 
(such has been the care and attention devoted to health) among 
Dr. Baikie's small party.* 

* Our readers will be glad to learn that on the official news .of the , death of 
Mr. Barter having reached the Foreign Office the ^^Xasuc^sor 
that Department, Lord John Russell, immediately gave instruction for a successor 

• NOVEMBER 1ST, 1859. 

The genus Dissotis, chiefly differing from Osbeckia by the very 
long connectivum and dissimilar anthers, was established by 
Mr. Bentham on a Sierra Leone plant, the Osbeckia grandifiora, 
Sm., and the Osbeckia Seneoambtensis ? of Guill. and Perott., of 
which a specimen in my herbarium from Heudelot, Mr. Bentham 
observes, is apparently the same. Our present species is very 
different from that in the form of the leaves and of the scales, or 
tubercles (as they may rather be called in this instance), of the 
tube of the calyx ; the whole plant, too, is much more villous, 
and the root is in no way tuberous. 

Descr. Boot subrepent, perennial ?, sending out copious black 
.fibres. Stem one to two feet and more high, herbaceous, clothed 
as is the foliage, with long, villous, spreading hairs, in the native 
dried specimens having a purplish cast upon them, obtusely four- 
angular: branches copious, more acutely four-angled Leaves 
two and a half to three and a half inches long, shortly petiolate, 
lanceolate, three- to five-nerved, somewhat rigid, quite entire. 
Mowers solitary, terminal, smaller than in Dissotis grandifiora. 
-Petals purple-rose. Calyx short, urceolate, clothed with tuber- 
culiiorm, clayate, spreading scales, each terminated with a pencil 
ot long purplish hairs or setae; limb of five, spreading segments, 
each with a gland at the point. Disc of the ovary conical, five- 
angled, with a few hairs on the angles, and a long tuft of hairs 
surrounding the style. Stamens ten, alternately small, the lesser 
ones with a very short connectivum, the larger ones with a very 
long curved one, bearing the large, purple, falcate anther, which 
opens with one pore at its summit. 

the^ar^ 2J L aDd H?' , \ L ° Wer P art 0f the tube of the <%* (deluding 
the ovary) and base of the style. 3, 4. The two kinds of stamens ■.- magnified . 

oardenTrs of t ' £ * ' n Gu f ave Ma ™> one of the very intelligent Hanoverian 
St l'l E °y al Gardens of Kew, will sail on the 24th of this month 

whewj* Bafk? Prepa f la t 10n3 are ™kin g for his ascent of the Quorra to Kabba, 
wuere ur. .Baikie awaits his arrival. 



*1 & 

Tab. 5150. 
CATTLEYA Schilleriana ; var. concolor. 
SchUlerian Cattleya ; whole-coloured var. 

Nat. Orel. Orchide.e — Gyxaxdria Monandria. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 4700.) 

Cattleya Schilleriana; pseudobulbis elongatis, foliis binis ellipticis carnosis, 
crassis atro-purpureo maculatis, flore solitario vivide purpureo-rubro petalis 
undulatis sepalisque immaculatis, labelli lobo terminali maximo reniformi 
patente margine ciliato albo. 

Cattleya Schilleriana. Reichenb. in Berl. Allg. Gartenzeit. Oct. 17, 1847. 

Var. /3. labcllo toto purpureo (lobi terminalis margine excepto). 

This really splendid Cattleya was communicated to us in Sep- 
tember, 1859, by Messrs. Backhouse and Son, of the York Nur- 
series, having been imported direct from Brazil. Dr. Lindley 
pronounces it to be the Cattleya Schilleriana, Reichenbach, of 
which the author says, " pseudobulbo C. Aclandia, flore C. gut- 
tata:!' To us it seems very distinct from both, and much hand- 
somer than either. In the original species the lip is white, with 
purple veins. 

Desce. Pseudobulb elongated, clavate, branched. Flowering- 
branch with two unequally sized, thick, fleshy, elliptical leaves, 
dark-green above, a little paler beneath, sprinkled with black- 
purple spots on both sides, the larger spots on the upper side. 
From a sheathing, compressed, membranaceous bract, between 
the two leaves, consequently terminal, arises a peduncle, bearing 
a solitary, large, rich red-purple flower. Sepals spreading, ob- 
long-lanceolate, nearly straight ; petals also spreading, nearly of 
the same shape, waved. Lip large, deflexed, three-lobed, lateral 
lobes involute, enclosing the column, middle lobe very large, 
spreading, reniform, marked with radiating veins, the margin 
fimbriato-ciliate and white. Column rather short, nearly white, 
dashed with purple. 

Fig. 1. Column and anther. 2. Polleu-masses -.—magnified. 

NOVEMBER 1ST, 1859. 


Itoccri BroofeW- 

Tab. 5151. 
SPIRAEA Douglasii. 

Douglas s SpircBa. 

Nat. Ord. TIosace.e. — Icosandria Di-Pentagyxia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4795.) 

Spir.ea Douglasii; frutex erectus, raniulis canis, foliis elliptico- vel lineari- 
oblongis obtusis apices versus grosse serratis subtus cano-tomentosis, paui- 
cula, oblouga v. pyramidata, calyce tomentoso intus glabro, lobis reflexis, 
disco eglanduloso, ovariis glaberrimis. 

Spiraea Douglasii. Hook. Flor. Bor. Am. v. \.p. 172. Paxton, Mag. of Bot. 
cum ic. Flore des Serres, v. 2. t. 2. 

This very beautiful shrub was discovered by Douglas, in 
British Columbia, and is common on the banks of the Oregon 
and straits of St. Juan de Fuca ; it has also been found in Ca- 
lifornia by Lobb, 11. 841, under which number another species 
has been sent by the same collector, of which we shall give a 
figure shortly. It was first raised at the Royal Botanic Gar- 
dens of Glasgow, from Douglas's seeds, and since from those of 
Lobb. It flowered this year in the Royal Gardens, Kew, and 
in that of Mr. Noble, of Bagshot, to whom we are indebted for 
the specimen here figured, together with those of 8. Nobleana and 
8. callosa, which will shortly be figured, and under which will 
be found some further remarks upon this. 

Descr. A handsome shrub, four to six feet high, with reddish, 
erect branches; the young ones covered with hoary pubescence. 
Leaves three to five inches long, rather variable in shape lmear- 
oblong or elliptic, blunt, rarely acute, serrated beyond the mid- 
dle, the scrratures tipped with small glands, glabrous or pube- 
rulous above, densely covered with whitish tomentum beneath 
Inflorescence a dense, terminal, erect thyrsus of deep-pinkisn 
flowers. Peduncle, pedicels, and calyx densely pubescent. Calyx- 
lobes reflexed. Disc not furnished with glands or thickened ; tube 
glabrous inside. Stamens very long. Ovaries glabrous. J. D. M. 

Fig. 1. Mower. 2. Calyx and ovaries. 3. Stamen -.-magnified. 

DECEMBER 1ST, 1859. 


Tab. 5152. 

CAMELLIA Sasanqua ; var. anemoniflora. 

Sasa?iqua ; Anemone-fowered var. 

Nat. Ord. Camelliace.e. — Monadelphia Polyandria. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 2745.) 

Camellia Sasanqua; fruticosa v. arborescens, ramulis petiolisque puberulis, 
foliis ellipticis v. ovato-lanccolatis acutis subtns subaveniis, floribus inodoris, 
petalis (albis) obcordato-emarginatis vel bilobis, stamitiibus glabris, ovario 
lanato, stylis connatis, capsula pubescente. Seem. 

Camellia Sasanqua. Thunb. Fl. Jap. p. 273./. 30. Seem, in Tram, of Linn. 
Soc. v. 23. p. 343 (where copious synonyms are given). 

ft. var. flore semipleno. LimJ. Hot. Reg. 1815, t. 12; 1827, t. 1091. Seem. I.e. 
p. 344, not Sims in Bot. Mag. t. 20 SO, which according to Seemann is 
Tliea maliflora, Seem. I.e. (Camellia rosasflora, Hook. Bot. Mag. t. 5044). 

y. anemoniflora; foliis ovato-lanceolatis longe acuminatis, floribus plenis, petalis 
exterioribus (albis) obovato-oblongis bilobis, staminibus fere omnibus in 
petalos spatbulatos (flavos) exterioribus multo brevioribus mutatis stylis 
(rarissime abortu 4) liberis v. connatis. Seem. I.e. p. 251. (Tab. Nostr. 

Yellow Camellia. Fortune, Jour n. to Tea Country, p. 339. Card. Chron. for 
1859,^. 807- 

This is one of the many interesting plants which our Gardens 
owe to Mr. Fortune's successful voyages to China. That active 
traveller considered it to be a variety of the Waratah Camellia 
i*roup ; but Dr. Seemann, with more justice, considers it to be a 
variety of Camellia Sasanqua. " Hitherto," writes Dr. Seemann 
in an Addendum to his elaborate synopsis of the genera and 
species of Camellia and Thea, "the Waratah form of Camellia 
was only known to occur in C. Japonica ; and the yellow colour 
is certainly quite a new feature in this genus, deserving tlie 
greatest attention of Horticulturists. That C. Sasanqua has a 
tendency to assume a yellow tinge is evident even from the 
single-flowered state, as will be seen in the figure in the J3ot. 
Reg. t. 942, where the outer series of stamens displays the prim- 
rose-colour peculiar to the Yelloiv Camellia." 

Fig. 1. Pistil, — magnified. 

DECEMBER 1ST, 1859. 


Yincent Brooks^? 

Tab. 5153. 

STATICE Bourgi.ei. 
Bourgeon* Statice. 

Nat. Orel. Plumbaginee.— Pentandria Pentagynia. 
Cm. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 3776.) 

STATIC! (Pteroclados) Bourguei , basi suffrutescens folns amphj J^fft 
Aeflato-puberulis oblongia basi attenuate subsiimatis vel "PeJP* »■ ™? 
terminal' ovato obtuso mucronato basi B*pe sublobato laterabb us 1-3 an i - 
cuteformibua rotundatis parvis irregulanbus sapc cum ^"^ <"£"£ 
bus, scapo compresso adpressiuscule p, oso aupernc coiJ-mW-pa ulato 
ranis a ncipitibus vel anguatissune alalia, ramuhs aiigulatis, spicubs 1-2 
E id ramulonuu extmnitnteiu 2-3/asciculat.a, ^ >^ ^ 
rubdlo-mcmbranaceia puberulia oblongia neryo dorsa h excurr entetoge 
mucronato-aristatis, interiori subcoriacea rubella duplo kofl»n puberuta 
cUiata apioe truncata nervo carinaK excurrente s*pe rnu cto ^«g~ 
tube, glabro, limbo eroso truncate items excurrentibus 5-anstato. Bom. 

Statich Bourguei. JFeti in Bovrgmm Plantes Can. Exsicc. n. 564. Bomwr 
in De Cand. Frodr. v. 12. p. 638. 

This is one of many specimens of rare and prions species of 
plants with which the excellent Bourgeau, prince of botanicd 
collectors, has enriched the herbana of sc.enhnc bo " T 
was found by him on his last voyage to that interesting group 
of islands a/Lanccrottc. Seeds which we hkewise remved 
from him have been raised, and our figure m ^"1^859 
of the plants so reared, in a cool gre enhouse, in August 1859. 
M. Boissier places it next to A ferula, Webb {** ,M 
Tab. 3701): the leaves indeed appear to be very AMM 

^h^nrirrrwcut ^ » *£*— - 

T)e Candolle (excluding Acanthohmon, Boiss., 42 species, bonto 
ue L^anaoue puuuiu n ^ wm f l ^9 snecies and some 

limon, Boiss., 7 species, imm«, Willd., \~*^™> now 

minor ovnera all formerly incorporated in Statice), there are now 
minor genera, ait 101 me v r. . Tt ^ t ue however, the 
110 species enumerated try rioissiu. 

DECEMBER 1ST, 1859. 

distinctions are very finely drawn of many of them, and the per- 
manency of some may be questioned. 

Descr. This is in many respects so closely allied to the S. 
puberula, Webb, above noticed, that we may sum the distin- 
guishing characters in few words. S. Bourgiai has the stem 
and branches more winged, and leaves so waved and lobed in 
the lower half as almost to constitute a lyrate leaf. 

Fig. 1. Stellate hairs of the leaf. 2. Flower. 3. Persistent calyx, enclosing 
the fruit. 4. Bract : — magnified. 




"Vincent Brooks, Imp . 

Tab. 5154. 

CALCEOLARIA flexuosa. 

Flexuose Calceolaria. 

Nat. Ord. Scrophularine.e. — Diandria Monogynia. 
Gen. C/iar. (Vide supra, Tab. 4929.) 

Calceolaria flexuosa ; fruticosa villosa, ramis flexuosis, foliis ovatis crenatis, 
basi cordatis supra asperis subtus venosis, panicula corymbosa foliosa, ca- 
lycis villosi laciniis obtusiusculis corollas (sub-)concoloris, labio superiore 
calyce breviore, inferiore obovato-orbiculato patente basi longiuscule con- 
tracto ad medium aperto. Benth. 

Calceolaria flexuosa. Ruiz et Pav. Fl. Chil. et Peruv. v. 1. p. 17. t. 25./. a. 

A fine and rare species of this now extensive genus, and till 
recently scarcely known, except by the figure and description of 
Ruiz and Pavon, who found it in rocky places of Canta, Peru. 
Messrs. Veitch and Sons, of Exeter and Chelsea, have the credit 
of raising it from seeds sent by Mr. William Lobb from Peru, 
and it promises well, from the very dense massy panicles and 
large flowers, to be well calculated for a bedding-out plant. The 
calyces, as well as the flowers, partake largely of the yellow co- 
lour, and these calyces are larger in proportion than the corollas. 
It flowers through the summer months. 

Descr. Stems herbaceous, suffruticose at the base, branched, 
branches rather weak and flexuose. Ruiz and Pavon say the plant 
attains the height of two to three feet. Leaves two to three 
inches long, cordate-ovate, petiolate, waved, thin, deeply crenato- 
serrate at the margin, penninerved, veins close-placed, running 
almost parallel with the costa. Panicle large, rather lax, very 
compound, and bearing most copious Jlowers .* the corollas a full, 
clear yellow ; the calyces primrose-green. In the state of bud 
(before expansion) these calyces have a short pyramidal form, four- 
sided, and compressed at the angles, so as at first sight to appear 
winged .- when expanded they are very large (in proportion to 

DECEMBER 1ST, 1859. 

the corolla), of four, nearly equal, almost cordate, broad, spread- 
ing sepals, slightly downy externally. Corolla full yellow ; upper 
lip very small and paler yellow, partly closing the aperture of 
the inferior lip, which is large, subglobose, and slightly downy. 
Stamens two, and, as well as the short style, quite enclosed by 
the corolla. 

Fig. ]. Calyx. 2. Corolla:— slightly magnified. 


Vincent Braak^- 

Tab. 5155. 

GUTIERREZIA gymnospermoides. 

Gymnosperma-like Gutierrezia. 

Nat. Ord. Composite. — Syngenesia Superflua. 

Gen. Char. Capitula 8-40-flora; fiosculi radii ligulati, pistillati, fertiles, serie 
simplici : disci tubulosi, perfecti, et fertiles. Involucrum campanulatum vel tur- 
binatum : sqnamce appressae, arete imbricatse, rigidae, apieibus nunc subfoliaceis 
viridibus. Eeceptaculum nudum. Corolla ligulee oblongas vel ovales, tubo brevi : 
disci infundibuliformes, 5-dentatse, dentibus brevibus recurvis. Styli rami disci 
lineares, elongati, obtusi, villosi glabri, Iinese stigmaticae ad apicem continui. 
Achenia subobconica, teretia, pubescentia vel sericea. Pappus e squamis plurimis 
paleaceis linearibus oblongisve, plerumque serie duplici, persistens ; radii obso- 
letus vel nullus. — Planta? perennes, Americanos, glabra, subghdinosa, et bahamkee; 
foliia linearibus lanceolatisve, integerrimis, scepius impresso-punctatis, aUernis. Ca- 
pitula solitaria vel aggregata (nunc subterna), in paniculis corymbisve termmalibus. 
~£\oxz$flavi. Torr. et Gray. 

Gutierrez ja? (Hemiachyris) gymnospermoides; caule herbaceo valido subsim- 
plici, foliis lanceolatis vel oblongo-lanceolatis inferne attenuatis apicem ver- 
sus soepius denticulatis mucrouato-acutis, glutinosis penninerviis, capitulis 
confertissime corymbosis hemisphgericis fere omnibus pedicellatis, involucri 
squamis linearibus acutis, receptaculo planiusculo, ligulis 25-30 angustis 
discum vix superantibus, fl. disci 40-60, acheniis radii glaberrimis calvis, 
disci minute hirtellis pappo coroniformi dentate- lacero et in fl. centralibus 
setoso-paleaceo superatis. A. Gray. 

Gutierrezia gymnospermoides. Asa Gray, Planta Wright. Texano-Neo-Mex. 
part 2. p. 79. 

This is an inhabitant of San Pedro, Sonora, New Mexico, 
where it was detected by Mr. Charles Wright, whose fine collec- 
tions from that region are worked up into two valuable memoirs, 
under the title above quoted, by Dr. Asa Gray. Seeds were 
sent to us by Dr. Gray, and the plant proved hardy, flowering in 
September. It has too much of the aspect of our common Flea- 
banes ever to become a general favourite. The species of the 
genus are chiefly inhabitants of South America, but extending 
into Mexico and California, and along the valley of the Mis- 

DECEMBER 1ST, 1859. 

Descr. Stem herbaceous, two to four feet, slightly branched 
except above, where the flowering branches, as well as the flowers 
themselves, are corymbose. Leaves three to six inches long, 
lanceolate, linear and small above, the lower ones subspathulate 
and serrated towards the point, the rest entire. Flowers about 
an inch across. Scales of the involucres subsquarrose. Florets 
all yellow ; those of the disc tubular-clavate, perfect, their ache- 
niam obovate, downy, crowned with four to six subulate, mem- 
branaceous scales, as long as the achenium. Florets of the ray 
ligulate ; their achenium naked. 

Fig. 1. Floret of the ray. 2. Floret of the disc. 3. Achenium of ditto : — 


Tab. 5156. 


Mr. Herbsfs Dipteracanthus. 

Xat. Ord. Acaxteiace.e. — Didynamia Angiospermia. 
Gen. Cliar. {Vide supra, Tab. 4494.) 

Dipteracanthus? Herbstii; frutescens, ramis teretibus, scaberulis, foliis 
lanceolatis acuminatis in petiolura angustatis obscure sinuato-serratis, 
nervis crebvis, inflorescentia subtenninali, floribus axillis foliorum. 3-5-fasci- 
culatis sessilibus, bracteis setaceis calyce sequilongis, calyce subsequaliter 
ad basin fere 5-partito lobis subulatis, corolla puberula, tubo gracillimo dein 
ampliato subcampanulato lobis 5 brevibus sequalibus recurvis bilobis, sta- 
minibus inclusis, filamentis basi per paria cohserentibus, antheris linearibus 
2-Iocularibus, ovario sub-12-ovulato. 

A very elegant plant, received from Messrs. Herbst and Ros- 
siter, of Rio, and sent as a native of Brazil, flowered in the 
Royal Gardens early in September of the present year, and 
continued in bloom during the two succeeding months. In the 
present unsettled condition of the genera of Acanthaceee we have 
been obliged to refer it provisionally to the large genus Diptera- 
canthus, as the only one with the characters of which it at all 
agrees; at the same time we have little doubt but that it is 
congeneric or very closely allied to the Stephanophysum Baikiei 
of tropical Africa (Tab. Nostr. 5111), a plant which, though 
agreeing in many respects with the technical characters of that 
genus, differs (according to Pohl's figures of the Stephanophysum) 
conspicuously in habit, in the stigma not being equally bilamel- 
late, and in the whole form and structure of the capsule, and in 
wanting the bifurcate retinaculum of the seed. It is a most de- 
sirable new stove-plant. 

Descr. An erect shrub or half-shrubby plant, of which our 
individual, now eighteen months old, is about a yard high, spar- 
ingly branched, the branches bearing a terminal inflorescence, 
consisting of numerous axillary fascicles of sessile flowers, which 
are conspicuous for the very long slender tube of the corolla. 

DECEMBER IsT, 1859. 

Stem and branches stout, terete, green, sparingly covered with 
small asperities. Leaves deep dull-green, the upper of a dull 
pale-purple beneath, five to seven inches long, by one and three 
quarters to two inches broad, rather thick in texture, lanceolate, 
acuminate, obscurely sinuate, serrate, with numerous stout arch- 
ing veins, glabrous, or with a few short scattered transparent 
hairs, which also appear on the inflorescence and calyx. Flowers 
three to five together, fully three inches long, .minutely pubes- 
cent. Calyx red-purple, three-quarters of an inch long, five- 
cleft nearly to the base, with two subulate bracts of equal length 
with itself. Corolla pale rose-purple, abruptly bent, almost 
geniculate where the slender tube suddenly enlarges; limb of 
five, short, equal, white, patent or recurved, bilobed divisions. 
Stamens five, included. Ovary with, about twelve ovules. J.D.IL 

Fig. 1.' Corolla, laid open. 2. Stamens. 3. Calyx and pistil. 4. Ovary. 
Transverse, and 6, vertical section of ovary. 7. Ovule : — all magnified.