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Full text of "Curtis's botanical magazine"



CURTIS'S 

BOTANICAL MAGAZINE 



comprising Tin; 



plants of ti)t &opaI <§ar&ens; of £eto 

AND 

OF OTHER BOTANICAL ESTABLISHMENTS IN GREAT BRITAIN; 
WITH SUITABLE DESCRIPTIONS; 

BY 

SIR WILLIAM JACKSON HOOKER, K.H., D.C.L. Oxon., 

F.I..S., CORRESPONDING MEMBER OF THE ACADEMY OF SCIENCI'.S OF THE IMPERIAL INSTITUTE 
OF FRANCE, AND DIRECTOR OF THE ROYAL GARDENS OF KEW. 

VOL. XVI. 
F T H E THIRD SERIES; 

{Or Vol. LXXXVI. of the Whole Work.) 




' So sits enthroned in vegetable pride 
Imperial Kew, by Thames' s glittering side. 



LONDON: 
LOVELL REEVE, HENRIETTA STREET, COVENT GARDEN. 

I860. 



I 




■ ? "N\ U.WAIUi IA1 

mm q/ewa im n i 



TO 



G. H. K. THWAITES, ESQ., F.L.8., 



THE ABLE ATTTnOR OF ' ENUMERATIO PLANTAEUM ZEYLANTiE 



AND THE TALENTED SUPERINTENDENT OF 



THE ROYAL BOTANIC GARDEN, PERADENIA, CEYLON, 



Cjw pnscni ftoltmu is grtritaieir, 



IN TESTIMONY OF THE HIGHEST ESTEEM AND REGARD, 



HIS AFFECTIONATE FRIEND 



THE AUTHOE. 



Royal Gardens, Kfw, 
December 1, 1860. 



LATIN 

GENERAL INDEX, 

TO 

THE PLANTS CONTAINED IN THE EIRST SIXTEEN VOLUMES 
OE THE THIRD SERIES, 

(Or from. Vol. LXXI. to LXXXFT. inclusive, of the wlole Work,) 

OF THE 

BOTANICAL MAGAZINE. 



Vol. 


No. 


73 


4316 


79 


4794 


79 


4640 


81 


4840 


74 


4384 


73 


4306 


78 


4653 


86 


5191 


77 


4588 


74 


4350 


74 


4353 


77 


4573 


76 


4492 


71 


4175 


74 


4312 


81 


4S71 


71 


4144 


73 


4351) 


80 


4801 


72 


4210 


83 


4962 


73 


4293 


81 


4832 


72 


4230 


75 


4427 


83 


49S2 


71 


4139 


85 


5138 


85 


5131 


82 


4891 


76 


4563 



Abelia floribuuda. 

uniflora. 

Abies bracteata. 
Abutilon insigne. 
Acacia argyrophylla. 

celastrifolia. 

Cycnorum. 

Drummoudii. 

■ hispidissima. 

leptoneura. 

oncinopliylla. 

urophylla. 

Acantliophippium Javanicum. 
Achimenes argyrostigma. 
cupreata. 

■ ■ heterophylla. 

hirsuta. 

ocellata. 

Aeroclinium roseum. 
Adenocalymna comosum. 
Adhatoda cydonisefolia. 
iEchmea discolor. 

■ mucroniflora. 

zEgipliila grandiflora. 
Aerides crispum. 
cylindricum. 

odoratum. 

AYightianum. 

iEschynanthus cordifolius. 
• ■ fulgens. 

Javanicus, 



Vol. 


No. 1 


72 


4260 


73 


4328 


72 


4264 


72 


4236 


73 


4320 


84 


5031 


84 


5077 


85 


5117 


88 


5012 


82 


4934 


83 


5006 


85 


5097 


85 


5122 


82 


4950 


86 


5213 


81 


4864 


81 


4842 


74 


4411 


77 


4591 


74 


4351 


77 


4598 


75 


445:2 


74 


4371 


72 


4216 


72 


4250 


80 


4769 


79 


4698 


80 


4762 


76 


4548 


86 


5190 


86 


5210 1 



.Esohynantlms Lobbianus. 

longiflorus. 

pulcher. 

purpurascens. 

speciosus. 

tricolor. 



iEseulua Californica. 

Indica. 

Agapetes buxifolia. 
Agave Celsii. 

densitlora. 

Jacquiniaua. 

maculosa. 

striata. 

yuccasfolia. 

Akebia quinata. 
Albuca Gardeni. 
Ailamanda Aubletii. 

neriifolia. 

Schottii. 

Allium Caspium. 
Alloplcctus capitatus. 

concolor. 

diclirous. 



repens. 



Allosorus calomelanos. 

cordatus. 

flexuosus. 

Almeida rubra. 
Alocasia metallica. 
Aloe albo-cincta. 



INDEX TO VOLS. LXXI. TO LXXXVI. 



Vol 
75 
80 
77 
80 
81 
84 

n 

73 
71 
74 
71 
80 
86 
73 
80 
85 
73 
80 
73 
71 
76 
86 

72 
74 
83 
71 
71 
72 
82 
84 
79 
74 
82 
78 
77 
85 
82 
72 
74 
74 
72 
74 
75 
82 
74 
74 
82 
86 
77 
83 
76 
80 
72 



No. 

4453 
4764 
4603 
5187 
4890 
5025 
4400 
13 [ I 
4159 
4370 
4145 
4761 
5170 
4295 
4782 
5118 
4313 
4807 
4291 
4180 
4507 
5208 

4226 
4377 
4965 
4200 
4146 
4224 
4899 
5087 
4693 
4407 
4897 
4635 
4595 
5139 
4940 
4222 
4388 
4361 
4221 
4368 
4467 
4918 
4409 
4413 
4911 
5175 
4557 
4959 
4544 
4773 
4248 



Amherstia nobilis. 
Amoinum Danielli. 

Granum-Paradisi. 

Auiorphophallus dubius. 
Ainphicome Emodi. 
Ananas bracteatus. 
Anastatiea hierochuntica. 
Anemone Japoniea. 
A Dgrsecum apiculatum. 

candatmn. 

distichum. 

cbnnieum. 

eburneum; var. virens. 

funale. 

pertusum. 

sesquipedale. 

Anguloa Clowesii. 

uniHora. 

Anigozanthos fnliginosa. 

pulcherrimus. 

tyrianthinus. 

Ancectochilus setaceus ; var 

inornatus. 
Anona palnstris. 
Anoptcvus glandidosus. 
Anscllia Africana. 
Anthooercis ilicifolia. 
Aotus gracillima. 
Aphelandra aurantiaca. 

variegata. 

Apteranthes G-ussoniana. 
Aquilegia Kanaoriensis. 

leptoceras. 

Aralia papyrifera. 
Araucaria coluninaris. 
Arbutus mollis. 
Areca sapida. 
Argyreia hirsuta. 
Anopsia peltata. 
Ariseema Murrayi. 
Aristolochia anguicida. 
gigantea. 

grandiflora. 

maeradenia. 

Thwaitesii. 

Arnebia echioides. 
Asclepias Douglasii. 
Aspleniura Hemionitis. 
Astelia Cunninghainii. 
Aster Sikkimensis. 
Astilbe rubra. 
Astrapsea viscosa. 
Astroearyurn rostratura. 
Asystasia Coromanddiana. 



Vol. 
75 
77 

79 

79 
84 
83 
86 
71 
82 
71 
80 
72 
80 
75 
83 
71 
79 
86 
75 
86 
7:! 
83 
83 



No. 
4449 
4588 
4728 
4726 
5064 
5005 
5178 
4133 
4906 
4136 
4784 
4232 
4818 
4433 
4981 
4172 
4746 
5182 
4483 
5160 
4281 
49S4 
4983 



78 


4676 


83 


5021 


83 


4974 


81 


4841 


85 


5101 


79 


46S9 


79 


4692 


81 


4855 


83 


4988 


84 


5047 


78 


4683 


85 


5107 


85 


5102 


78 


4641 


79 


4744 


81 


4852 


81 


4846 


77 


4590 


73 


4308 


78 


4656 


76 


4551 


78 


4642 


86 


5203 


78 


4629 


84 


5090 


85 


5114 


81 


4883 


79 


4756 


81 


4835 


SO 


4819 



Asystasia scandens. 
Ataccia cristata. 
Azalea amoena. 

crispiflora. 

• ovata. 

occidentals. 

Azara Gilliesii. 
Backhousia myrtifolia. 
Banksia Victoria?. 
Barbacenia squaraata. 
Barkeria elegans. 
Barnadesia rosea. 
Befaria sestuans. 
coarctata. 

Matliewsii. 

Begonia albo-coccinea. 
biserrata. 

Bowringiana. 

einnabarina. 

frigida. 

fucbsioides. 

Griffithii. 

heracleifolia ; var. nigri- 
cans. 

liernandia?folia. 

laciniata. 

microptera. 

■ Natalensis. 

Bex. 

■ rubrovenia. 

Thwaitesii. 

urophylla. 

Wageneria. 

Wageneriana. 

xanthina. 

xanthina ; var. Lazuli. 



xanthina ; var. pictilblia. 

Benthamia fragifera. 
Berberis concinna. 

Bealei. 

■ Bealei ; var. planifolia. 

Darwinii. 

ilicifolia. 

— ~ Wallichiana. 
Bertolonia maculata. 
Beschorneria tubiflora. 
— — yuccoides. 
Bifrenaria lladwenii. 
Billbergia Liboniana. 

■ macrocalyx. 

rhodocyanea. 

thyrsoidea. 

Wetherelli. 

Blandfordia flamniea. 



INDEX TO VOLS. LXXI. TO LXXXVI. 



No. 
4166 
4582 
5050 
4267 
4810 
4223 
5133 
11-1 
1.658 
4474 
4784 

1741 

4717 
1605 

4339 

4287 

4839 
4670 
514? 
4793 
4884 
4410 
4392 
5000 
5199 

5042 
4714 
4541 
4671 
4669 
4973 
1157 
4300 
5 1 54 
4158 
4525 
4929 
4500 
5181 
4238 
4188 
5192 
4808 
4976 
5044 
5152 

4555 

4879 
5068 
4748 
4608 



Bolbopbyllum Careyanum. 

Lobbii. 

Neilgberrenae, 

ambellatum. 



Bougainvillaea spectabilU. 
Bourardia longittora. 
Bracbycbiton Bidwilti. 
BracbySbma aphyllum. 

lanceolatuin. 

Braasavoki Digbyana. 

lincata. 

Bravoa geminiflore. 
Brillantaiaia Owariensia. 
Browallia Jameaoni. 

spcciosa. 

Branfelsia nitida ; var. .lamai- 

ccnsis. 
Browttea grandiceps. 
Brya Ebcnus. 
Bryophyllum proliferam. 
Buddleia crispa. 
BurUngtonia decora. 
Bortonia villosa. 
pulchclla. 

scabra. 



Caladium bicolor ; var. Neu- 

mannii. 
Calauthe Domiuii (hybrida). 
gracilis. 

Masuea. 

vestita. 

viridi-fusca. 

Callathea villosa ; var. prrdina. 
Calceolaria alba. 

aniplcxicaulis- 

Hexuosa. 

floribunda. 

Pavonii. 

violacea. 

Calliandra brevipes. 

ha3matocephala. 

— — Harrisii. 
Tweediei. 



CaDixene polyphylla. 
Calycanthus occidentalis. 
Camellia reticulata ;Jiore pleno. 

rosse flora. 

Sasanqua; var. anemo 



niflora. 
Campanida colorata. 
primulseflora. 



strigosa. 
Yidalii. 



Camptosema rubicuridum. 



Vol. 


No. 


76 


4530 


M 


1854 


79 


4729 


77 


4582 


74 


1386 


SO 


4796 


82 


4953 


86 


5202 


72 


4219 


BO 


1792 


77 


1596 


84 


5039 




limit 


79 


4700 


84 


5048 


8J- 


5032 


S2 


4902 


, S5 


5150 


72 


4270 


82 


4916 


>!) 


4806 


-.1 


4811 


56 


5177 


80 


4815 


7- 


4664 


85 


5127 


86 


5165 


78 


4660 


77 


4618 


7s 


4675 


76 


4552 


77 


4611 


>(i 


5173 


7''. 


4499 


80 


4779 


75 


1417 


80 


4814 


79 


4707 


75 


4443 


7 6 


4498 


71 


4349 


80 


4758 


73 


4338 


96 


5171 


81 


4845 


81 


4837 


86 


1221 


80 


4765 


S5 


5 1 ! j 5 


74 


4405 


73 


4284 


73 


4327 



Campylobotrys discolor. 
Canna YYarszewicsii. 
Cantoa bicolor. 

buxifolia. 

pyrifolia. 

< 'assiopc t'astigiafa. 
Castanea chrysopbylla. 
Catasetum atratum, 

callosum ; var. grandi- 

floruni. 

■ Naso, rnrr. 

Cathcartia villosa. 
Cattleva Adandue. 

bicolor. 

elegans. 

granulosa. 

lutcnla. 

mnxima. 

Schilleriana ; oar. con- 
color. 

Skinneri. 

Skmneri ; var. parviflora. 

Ceanothus floribundus. 

Lobbiamis. 

Oresanus. 



papillosus. 

rigidus. 

Ycitcliianus. 

velutinus. 



verrucosus. 



Cedronella cana. 
Centrosoler.ia bractescens. 

glabra. 

picta. 

( Cntrostcninia niultiflormn. 
Cephalotaxua Fortuni. 
( Vratosteina longiflonim. 
( Serena Leeaous. 

Lemairii. 

MacDonalilia'. 

reductus. 

Tweediei. 



Ceropegia Cumingiana. 

Thwaitesii. 

Chamestes lanceolata. 
Chamacbatia foliolosa. 
Chamsedorea elegans (mas). 

Eraesti-Augusti (mas). 

Cbamserops Fortuni. 
Cheilanthes farinosa. 
Cheirostemon platanoides. 
Cbirita Mooxrii. 

Sinensis. 

Walkerise. 



INDEX TO VOLS. LXXI. TO LXXXVI. 



Vol. 
71 



77 
77 
86 
79 
83 
74 
75 
83 
75 
72 
80 
86 
82 
80 
76 
74 
72 
75 
74 
81 
74 
72 
72 
84 
82 
76 
86 
82 
83 

79 
78 
83 
75 
79 
78 
84 
S4 
81 
80 
76 
82 
79 
79 
72 
84 
82 
76 
73 
73 



No. 
4182 
5095 

4602 
4576 
5186 
4753 
4996 
4391 
4422 
4977 
4418 
4237 
4763 
5207 
4922 
4794 
4495 
4398 
4269 
4485 
4355 
4880 
4354 
4255 
4259 
5051 
4895 
4536 
5180 
4942 
5018 

4712 
4645 
5001 
4440 
4691 
4661 
5084 
5072 
4889 
4785 
4496 
4917 
4754 
4690 
4247 
5033 
4927 
4514 
4294 
4330 
5118 



Chirita Zeylanica. 
Chrysanthemum carinatum ; 

var. pictum. 
Chrysobactron Hookeri. 
Chysis aurea ; var. maculata. 

bractesccns. 

Cirrhopetalum coniutum. 

Cumingii. 

fimbriatum. 

Macraei. 

Medusae. 

nutans. 

Thouarsii. 

Cissus discolor, 
velutinus. 



Clavija ornata. 
Clematis barbellata. 

graveolens. 

indivisa ; var. lohata. 

tnbulosa. 



Clerodendron Bethuneanum. 

■ capitatum. 

■ fcetidum. 

scandens. 

siimatum. 

smilacifolium. 

Clianthus Dampieri. 
Clivia Garden!. 
Coccoloha macrophylla. 
Cocos plumosa. 
Codonopsis rotundifolia. 

rotundifolia ; var. gran- 



diflora. 
Ccelia macrostachya 
Ccelogyne Cumingii 

elata. 

fuligincsa. 

maculata. 

ochracea. 

pat.dnrata. 

Schilleriana. 



speciosa. 
testacea. 
Wallichii. 



Coffea Benghalensis. 
Coleus Blumei. 

Macrei. 

Collania Andinamarcana. 
Colletia cruciata. 
Collinsia verna. 
Colquhounia coccinea. 
Columnea aureo-nitens. 

erassifolia. 

scandens. 



Vol. 
83 
84 
81 
73 
82 
74 
78 
84 
83 
8] 
80 
86 
79 
71 
75 
72 
74 
75 
78 
76 
72 
82 
85 
81 
7J 
72 
83 
83 
82 
75 
75 
86 
75 
86 

84 
85 
84 
85 
72 
72 
81 
85 
82 
78 
82 
75 
84 
83 
88 



78 
77 
79 



No. 

4980 
5027 
4888 
4279 
4912 
4379 
4658 
5029 
4979 
4838 
4822 
5205 
4710 
4143 
4470 
4208 
4362 
4435 
4667 
4179 
4215 
4907 
5126 
4844 
4141 
4234 
5024 
4990 
4901 
4468 
4444 
5218 
4454 
5195 

5041 
5099 
5030 
5128 
4252 
4244 
4887 
5130 
4937 
4640 
4898 
4450 
5053 
4993 
5011 

4686 
4619 
4755 



Comparettia falcata. 
Cordia ipomceaeflora. 

superba. 

Cordyline Kumphii. 
Correa cardinafia. 
Corynocarpus laevigata. 
Coscinium fenestratum. 
Cosmanthus grandiflorus. 
Costus Afer. 
Crawfurdia fasciculata. 
Crescentia macrophylla. 
Crinum giganteum. 
Crossandra flava. 
Ciyptadenia uniflora. 
Cupania Cunninghami. 
Cuphea cordata. 

silenoides. 

Curcuma cordata. 

Boscoeana. 

Cychnoches barbatvim. 

Loddigesii. 

Cymbidium chloranthum. 

eburneum. 

giganteum. 

ochroleucum. 

Cypripedium barbatum. 

Fairieanum. 

hirsutijssimum. 

purpuratum. 

Cyrtanthera aurantiaca. 
catalpaefolia. 



Cyrtanthus sanguineus. 
Cyrtochilum citrinum. 
Cyrtodeira cupreata ; var. viri- 

difolia. 
Dasylirium glaucophyllum. 

Hartwegianum. 

acrotrichum. 



Datura chlorantha ; fiore pleno. 

cornigera. 

Daviesia physodes. 
Delphinium cardinale. 
Dendrobium albo-sanguineum. 
Amboineuse. 



aqueum . 
bigibbum. 
Cambridgeanum . 
Chrvsotoxum. 



— crepidatum. 

— crepidatum ; var. labello 
glabro. 

— cretaceum. 

— cucumerinum. 

— cvmbidioi(k<. 



INDEX TO VOLS. LXXI. TO LXXXU. 



Vol. 
75 
82 
84 

78 
71 

79 

83 

70 
8] 
71 
83 
84 
74 
79 
75 
78 
81 



86 

72 
79 
80 
79 
77 
79 
86 
75 
83 
81 
79 
81 
74 
81 



76 
71 

85 
77 
77 
83 
77 
80 
80 
73 

78 
81 
83 



No. 

4429 
194 1 

5058 

1659 

41 CO 

4708 
4970 

4527 
1886 
4153 
5003 
5037 
1362 
4711 
1 177 
4663 
4853 
5134 
47S1 
5215 

4254 
4733 

4760 
4750 
4554 
4757 
5161 
4458 
5016 
4828 
4702 
4825 
4414 
4861 
5106 
5156 
4494 
4140 
5149 
4578 
4568 
4994 
4571 
4787 
4S00 
4317 

4633 
4866 
4986 



Dendrobium Devonianum. 

Falooneri. 

■ ■ Falooneri ; sepalis pe- 

t absque obtusioribus. 
Farmeri. 

— fimbriatnm ; var. ocu- 



latuni. 

— beterocarpum. 

— beterocarpom ; var. Hen* 
sbalii. 

K inp iainuii. 

— MacaithiB. 

— monilifonne. 

— uobile; var. pailidifiorum. 

— polchellum. 

— secundum. 

— teretifoliuxn. 
tortile. 



transparens. 



Dendrocbilum glumaceum. 
Dendromecon rigidum. 
Desfontainia spinosa. 
Diauthus Seguieri; var. Cau- 

casicus. 
Diastema ochroleuca. 
Dichorisandra leucophthalmos. 

picta. 

Dictyanthus Pavonii. 
Didymocarpus crinita. 

Humboldtiana. 

primulsefolia. 

Dielytra spectabilis. 
Dillenia spcciosa. 
Dipladenia acuminata, 

flava. 

Harrisii. 



Diophylla. 



Diplotheinium littorale. 
Dipteracanthua calvescena. 
? Herbstii. 



spectabilis. 

Disemma aurantia. 
Dissotis Irvingiana. 

Dombeva mollis. 
vibunviflora. 



Doronicum Bourgsei. 
Dracaena Draco. 

elliptica; var. maculata. 

Drimys Winteri. 
Dryandra carduacea ; var. an- 
gustifolia. 

nobilis. 

Drymonia villosa. 
Ecbeveria canaliculata. 



Vol. 
74 
73 
7 3 
71 
78 
71 
71 
71 
71 
76 
78 

77 
77 
73 
77 
79 
76 
76 

83 
81 
82 
77 

*l 

80 

77 
83 
85 
75 
80 
7^ 
79 
72 
81 
71 
79 
75 
75 
36 
7'.' 
75 
72 
81 

so 

75 

78 
73 
72 
83 
76 
34 
78 
Bl 



No. 
1373 
4326 
4311 
4184 
4632 
418] 
1177 
1162 
1290 
1 L86 
4864 

1559 
1165 

45 67 
4687 
1521 
4547 

5020 

4S56 

4903 

4572 

4-225 

4759 

4606 

5010 

5103 

4456 

4821 

4390 

1720 

4225 

4S70 

4163 

4703 

4137 

4 139 

5206 

47 12 

4473 

4274 

4827 

4S12 

1480 

4637 

4333 

4266 

4971 

4526 

5040 

4626 

4848 



Echinocaetufl cMorophtbalmus. 

cimiabarinus. 

bexeedrophorns. 

Leeanua. 

Longihamatos. 

tnultiflorua. 

myriostigma. 

oxygonus. 

pectinifemfl. 

— — rhodophthalmus. 
rhodophthalmus ; var. 

ellipticua. 

streptocanlon. 

Vianaga. 

Wnliamati. 

Echinopsaa campylacantha. 

cristata. 

cristata ; rar. purpurea. 

Ecliites Franciscea : atr. ilori- 

bus sul plain 'is. 
Eichornia tricolor. 
Embotbrium coccineum. 
Enoepbalartua Caff< r. 
Epidendrum linearifolium. 

longicolle. 

Stamfordianum. 

verrucosum. 



Epigynium acuminatum. 

leucobotrys. 

Epimedium pinnatum. 

Epipogon Gmeliui. 
Episcia bicolor. 
melittifolia. 



Eranthcmum albiflorum. 
Eremurua spectabilis. 
Eria Dilhvynii. 
Eriogonum eoinpositum. 
Ellipsis nitidobulbon. 
Eriostemon intermedium. 
Erodium pelargoniiflorum. 
Erythrocbiton Brasiliense. 
Escallonia macrantha. 

Organensis. 

pterocladon. 



Escliscboltzia tenuifolia. 
Espeletia argentea. 
Eucalyptus coccifera. 

macrocarpa. 

Preissiana. 

Eucharis grandiflora. 
Eugenia Brasiliensis. 

Luma. 

Ugni. 

Eupomatia Iaurina. 



6 



INDEX TO VOLS. LXXI. TO LXXXVI. 



Vol. 

85 
71 

80 
73 
75 
73 
71 
84 
77 
83 
77 
86 
72 
71 
77 
80 
72 
76 
72 
84 
79 
76 
72 
71 
85 
74 
72 
72 
79 

77 
82 
81 
83 
80 
73 
73 
73 
71 
75 
84 
79 
80 
81 
81 
81 
71 
72 
84 
84 
72 
72 
74 
74 



No. 
5141 
4202 
4771 
4340 
4423 
4280 
4186 
5089 
4616 
4995 
4587 
5163 
4205 
4189 
4583 
4790 
4209 
4546 
4246 
5052 
4731 
4506 
4233 
4174 
5096 
4375 
4261 
4218 
4701 

4610 
4948 
4847 
4987 
4791 
4322 
4343 
4307 
41S5 
4461 
5034 
4697 
4776 
4860 
4858 
4831 
4195 
4240 
5036 
5070 
4242 
4217 
4380 
4348 



Evelyna Caravata. 
Evolvulus purpureo-cceruleus. 
Exacum macranthura. 

tetragonum ; /3. bicolor. 

Zeylanicum. 

Exogonium Purga. 
Exostemma longiflorum. 
Eieklia australis. 
FitzRoya Patagonica. 
Eorsythia suspensa. 
viridissima. 



Eourcroya flavo-viridis. 
Eagraea obovata. 
Eranciscea acuminata. 

calycina. 

eximia. 

■ ■ hydnmgeaeformis. 

Freziera theoides. 
Friesia peduncularis. 
Eritillaria Gnuca. 

oxypetala. 

Fuchsia bacillaris. 

macrantha. 

seiTatifolia. 

simplicicaulis. 

spectabilis. 

Eugosia hakeaefolia. 

heterophylla. 

Galeandra Baueri ; var. 

bus luteis. 
Devoniana. 



flori- 



Galipea macrophylla. 

Garcinia Mangostana. 
Gardenia citriodora. 

globosa. 

longistyla. 

nitida. 

malleifera. 

Stanleyana. 

Gautheria bracteata. 

discolor. 

femiginea. 



Gentiana Fortuni. 
Genetyllis macrostegia. 
tulipifera. 



Geonoma corallifera. 
Genista (Teline) Spachiana. 
Gesneria bulbosa ; var. lateritia, 

cinnabarina. 

Donklarii. 

elliptica ; var. lutea. 

Hondensis. 

Libanensis. 

partina. 



Vol. 
75 
85 
71 
76 
73 
79 
81 
75 
71 
74 
78 
80 

74 
85 
71 
72 
71 

75 
76 
71 

77 
84 
86 
86 
83 
78 
78 
84 
85 
86 
79 
76 
85 
86 
71 
71 
79 
76 
78 
78 
71 
77 
80 
76 
72 
80 
81 
75 
78 
77 
86 
75 



r No. 
4431 
5115 
4152 
4504 
4342 
4735 
4876 
4430 
4213 
4395 
4677 
4767 

4363 
5019 
4171 
4258 
4179 

4472 
4539 
4151 
4607 
5028 
5179 
5157 
5007 
4628 
4651 
5069 
5155 
5220 
4706 
4511 
5123 
5196 
4201 
4183 
4745 
4528 
4643 
4644 
4192 
4574 
4804 
4516 
4207 
4774 
4873 
4475 
4685 
4581 
5166 
4421 



Gesneria picta. 

purpurea. 

Schiedeana. 

Seemanni. 

triflora. 

Gilia (Leptosiphon) lutea. 

dianthoides. 

Gloxinia fimbriate. 

■ pallidiflora. 

Gmelina Ebeedii. 
Goethea strictiflora. 
Goldfussia glomerata ; var. spe- 
ciosa. 

isophylla. 

Thomsoni. 



Gompholobium barbigerum. 

venustum. 

versicolor; var. caulibus 



purpuras. 

Gonolobus Martianus. 
Gordonia Javanica. 
Govenia utriculata. 
Graminanthes cblorscnora . 
Grammatocarpus volubilis. 
Grammatophylluin Ellisii. 

speciosum. 

Grevillea alpestris. 
Grindelia grandiflora. 
Guichenotia macrantha. 
Gustavia insignis. 
Gutierrezia gymnospermoides. 
Guzmannia tricolor. 
Gymnostachyum Ceylanicuni. 
Gynoxys fragrans. 
Gynura bicolor. 
Habenaria Salaccensis. 
Habrothamnus corymbosus. 

fasciculatus. 

Hgemanthus insignis. 
Hakea cucullata. 

myrtoides. 

Scoparia. 

Hebecladus binorus. 
Hebeclinium ianthinum. 
Hedera glomerulata. 
Hedychium chrysoleucum. 
Heinsia jasminiHora. 
Heintzia tigrina. 
Helianthemum Tuberaria. 
Heliconia angustifolia. 

pulverulenta. 

Helleborus atro-rubens. 
Heterocentron Mexicanum. 
Heterotrichum macrodon. 



INDEX TO VOLS. LXXI. TO LXXWI. 



No. 
4933 
4786 
4401 
4329 

>098 

4135 
5110 
4402 
4545 
4317 
4518 
4969 
5148 
4684 
4397 
4826 
4520 
4253 

5038 
4556 
4949 
4316 
4531 
4310 
4817 
5059 
5022 
4783 
4623 
4631 
4704 
4739 
4662 
4615 
4404 
5063 
5075 
4301 
4305 
4206 
5067 
4372 
4332 
5073 

4513 
4325 
4586 
5197 
4399 
4482 
4191 



Heterotropa asaroides. 
llrxiuvntris Mysorensis. 
Hibiscus f'erox. 

grossularisefblius. 

radiatus; /3. fton |>ur- 



pareo. 

Hindsia violacea. 
Howard ia Caracasensis. 
Hoya bella. 

cainpauulata. 

cinnauiomitolia. 



coronaria. 

Cumingiana. 

fraterna. 

imperialis. 

(Otostemma) lacunosa. 

■ purpureo-fusca. 

Hydrangea Japonica; var. ooc- 
rulea. 



cyanema. 



Ilydromestus maculatus. 
1 lypericum oblongifolium. 
Hypocyrta glabra. 

gracilis. 

leucostoma. 

Hypoxia latifolia. 
Ilex cornuta. 
Illairea canarinoides. 
Imantophyllum ? miuiatuni. 
Impatiens cornigera. 

fasciculata. 

Hookeriana. 

Jerdonise. 

— — macrophylla. 

pulchcrrima. 

repens. 

tudigofera decora. 
Inga macrophylla. 
Iponioea muricata. 

pulchella. 

simplex. 

Ismelia Broussonetii. 
Isopogon attermatus. 

splraerocephalus. 

Isotoma senecioides ; var. sub- 

pinnatifida. 
Ixora barbate. 

GriffitMi. 

Javanica. 

jucunda. 

lanceolaria. 

laxiflora. 

odorata. 



Vol. 
76 
71 
78 
71 
B5 
84 

n 

80 
72 
75 

82 
73 
85 
76 
BS 
76 
71 
72 
82 
81 
72 
7 
71 
77 
78 
78 
78 
79 
77 
82 



73 
75 
71 
79 

86 
76 

83 
33 

71 
M 

7'.' 
71 
7! 
B8 
76 
71 
78 
71 
rl 
82 
78 
75 



No. 
4523 
4408 
4649 
4376 
5092 
5046 
4620 
4816 
4220 
4469 
4905 
4802 
5144 
4502 
4892 
4501 
H69 
1243 
1952 
4872 
4265 
4256 
4393 
4593 
4314 
4315 
4673 
4725 
4561 
4956 
5112 

432 1 
4424 
4389 
4723 
5159 
4428 
4960 
4964 
4150 
5088 
4724 
4365 
4132 
5019 
4522 
4193 
4445 
4149 
4273 
4941 
4624 
4426 



Ixora salicifolia. 
JamboM Malaceensis. 
Jasiiiininn nuditlonmi. 
Jatropha podagrica. 
.Tuanulloa cxiniia. 
Kefenti inia gpanrimaa. 
Klugia Notoniana. 
Knipbofia vivaria. 
Kopsia frutiooaa. 
Lacepedea insignia. 
l.a'lia acuminate. 

cinnabarina. 

xaiitliina. 



Lagette bntearia. 

Lapageria rosea; vnr. albitlora. 
Lardizabala biternate. 
Leiantbiu tongifolius. 
ombellatus. 



Leperiza latifolia. 
Leptodactylon ( Jalifornicnm. 
Leschenaultia arcnata. 

splendens. 

Leuchtenbergia Principis. 
Leucothoe neriifolia. 
pulchra. 



Liebigia speciosa. 
Lilium giganteum 



roseum. 
VYallichianum. 



Linum grandiflorum. 

pubescens; /3. Sibthor- 



pianum. 
Lisiantlms acutangulus. 
pulcher. 



Litliospcnnum canescens. 

Littonia niodesta. 

Llavea cordifolia. 

Loasa picta. 

Lobelia splendens ; var. ignea. 

— Tcxensis. 

tbapsoidea. 

■ trigonocaulis. 

Lopezia macrophylla. 
Lopiniia malacopliylla. 
Luculia Pinciana. 
Lupinus Menziesii. 
Luvunga scandens. 
Lycaste fulvescens. 
Skinneri. 



Lycium fuchsioides. 
Lvonia Jamaicensis. 
Lysimachia nutans. 
Machaeranthera tanacetifolia. 
Macleania punctata. 



INDEX TO VOLS. LXXI. TO LXXXVI. 



Vol. 


No. 


73 


4334 


78 


4672 


78 


4681 


74 


4358 


76 


4510 


73 


4299 


73 


4292 


71 


4164 


82 


4921 


74 


4374 


75 


4434 


72 


4228 


72 


4235 


78 


4668 


77 


4569 


76 


4533 


78 


4650 


73 


4321 


82 


4957 


76 


4515 


75 


4471 


76 


4488 


86 


5216 


82 


4938 


79 


4747 


83 


5013 


76 


4491 


72 


4204 


75 


4425 


75 


4419 


75 


4462 


85 


5145 


78 


4680 


85 


5132 


84 


5086 


77 


4577 


72 


4214 


75 


4455 


82 


4947 


82 


4945 


85 


5137 


80 


4809 


77 


4558 


84 


5083 


74 


4387 


86 


5168 


75 


4460 


85 


5109 


73 


4285 


84 


5080 


79 


4695 


81 


4865 


73 


4282 



Malachadenia clavata. 
Malcomia littorea. 
Malva involucrata. 
Mamillaria clava. 
Mangifera Indica. 
Marsdenia maculata. 
Martynia fragrans. 
Masdevallia fenestrate. 

Wageneriana. 

Maxillaria acicularis. 

leptosepala. 

macrobulbon. 

Warreana. 

Meconopsis Wallicliii. 
Medinilla Javanensis. 

magnifica. 

Sieboldiana. 



speciosa. 



Melastoma denticulatum. 
Metrosideros buxifolia. 
— — fiorida. 

tomentosa. 

Metlionica grandiflora. 



Metternichia Principis. 
Meyenia erecta. 
Microsperma bartonioides. 
Miltonia spectabilis. 

spectabilis ; var. purpu- 

reo-violacea. 
Mirbelia Meisneri. 
Mitraria coccinea. 
Momordica mixta. 
Monocera grandiflora. 
Monochsetum ensiferum. 
Monstera Adansonii. 
Mormodes atro-purpurea. 

■ Cartoni. 

lentiginosa. 

Moricandia Ramburii. 
Mucuna prurita. 
Myosotidium nobile. 
Myrtus bullata. 

■ orbiculata. 

Naegelia multiflora. 
Napoleona imperialis. 
Narthex Asafcetida. 
Nematautlms ionema. 
Nepenthes ampullaria. 

Rafflesiana. 

villosa. 

Neptunia plena. 
Nicotiana fragrans. 
Niphsea albo-lineata. 



Vol. 


No. 


84 


5043 


79 


4699 


82 


4900 


80 


4823 


75 


4469 


72 


4257 


78 


4665 


77 


4604 


78 


4647 


76 


4535 


84 


5056 


76 


4517 


76 


4519 


72 


4272 


82 


4919 


81 


4878 


82 


4923 


84 


5078 


78 


4638 


71 


4148 


80 


4824 


86 


5193 


86 


5214 


76 


4489 


76 


4542 


84 


5074 


82 


4943 


74 


4357 


84 


5085 


84 


5076 


82 


4894 


76 


4490 


78 


4636 


74 


4367 


76 


4553 


76 


4508 


76 


4549 


82 


4951 


75 


4436 


83 


5014 


79 


4736 


79 


4749 


81 


4836 


74 


4406 


79 


4752 


77 


4565 


83 


4958 


78 


4666 


77 


4599 


82 


4946 


j 82 


4910 



Niphea albo-lineata ; var. reti- 
culata. 

Notholama sinuata. 

Nyctanthes arbor-tristis. 

Nymphaea Amazonum. 

ampla. 

dentata. 

Devoniensis (hybrida). 

elegans. 

gigantea. 

micrantha. 

Oberonia acaulis. 

■ ■ iridifolia. 

Ochna atro-purpurea. 

Odontoglossum hastilabium. 

hastilabium; var. fusca- 

tum. 

maculatum. 

membranaceum. 

(Enotherabistorta; var. Veitch- 
iana. 

Olearia Gunniana. 

Oncidium bicallosum. 



incurvum. 

longipes. 

phymatochilum. 

Ophelia corymbosa. 
Opuntia Salmiana. 
Orchis foliosa. 
Orobus Fischeri. 
Orothamnus Zeyheri. 
Osbeckia aspera. 
Ouvirandra Bernieriana. 

■ fenestralis. 

Oxalis elegans. 
Oxyanthus tubiflorus. 
Oxypetalum solanoides. 
Oxyspora vagans. 
Pachira alba. 

longiflora. 

Pachyphytum bracteosum. 
Pachystigma pteleoides. 
Pandanus Candelabmm. 



pygmseus. 



Papaver pilosum. 
Paphinia cristata. 
Passiflora amabilis. 

Medusoea. 

])cnduliflora. 

tinifolia. 

Paulowuia imperialis. 
Pedicularis mollis. 
Pelargonium Endlicherianum. 
Pentapterygium flavum. 



INDEX. 



Vol. 


No. 


86 


5198 


81 


4829 


78 


4627 


85 


5142 


76 


4497 


75 


4464 


73 


4319 


84 


5045 


77 


4601 


72 


4203 


71 


4156 


82 


4920 


77 


4580 


75 


4442 


73 


4297 


86 


5184 


86 


5212 


73 


4289 


79 


4738 


84 


5071 


78 


4646 


81 


4881 


71 


4173 


85 


5100 


77 


4600 


81 


4869 


82 


4913 


4914 


S3 


4967 


84 


5035 


76 


4543 


72 


4231 


77 


4564 


79 


4709 


77 


4591 


76 


4540 


80 


4775 


79 


4705 


80 


4770 


72 


4241 


80 


4799 


85 


5105 


72 


4262 


74 


4412 


71 


4142 


84 


5081 


79 


4751 


78 


4655 


84 


5057 


84 


506] 


84 


5049 


77 


4622 


71 


4161 


71 


4176 



Pentapterygium rugosum. 
Pentaraphia Cubensis. 
Pentstemon baccliarifolius. 

centhranthifolius. 

cordifolius. 

cyananthus. 

Gordoni. 

Jalfrayanus. 

Wrightii. 

Peristeria Barkeri. 

Humboldtii : var. fulva. 



Pernettya furens. 
Persea gratissima. 
Pesomeria tetragona. 
Phalamopsis amabilis. 
grrandiflora. 



Pharbitia cathartica. 
Pbilesia buxifolia. 
Philodendron erubescens. 
Phrynium sanguineum. 
Phygelius Capensis. 
Phyllarthron Bojerianum . 
Phyllocactus anguliger. 
Physochlaina grandiflora . 
Physosiphon Loddigesii. 

Phytelephas macrocarpa. 

Phytolacca icosandra. 
Pilumna fragrans. 
Pimelia macrocephala. 
Pinguicula orchidioides. 
Pistia Stratiotes. 
Pitcairnia echinata. 



exscapa. 

Jacksoni. 

longifolia. 

macrocalyx. 

niuscosa. 

undulatifolia. 



Pittosporuro flavum. 
Plectocomia Assamica. 
Pleroma elegans. 
Kunthianum. 



Pleurotballis bicarinata. 
Plocostemma lasianthuin. 
Plumieria Jamesoni. 
Podocarpus neriifolia. 
Polygala Hilairiana. 
Polygonatum punctatura. 
— — rosenm. 
Polygonum vacciniifolium. 
Polystachya bracteosa. 
Porphyrocoma lanceolata. 



Vol. 
76 
77 
76 
80 
77 
74 
86 
86 
82 
86 
78 
78 
79 
83 
77 
78 
77 
71 
81 
88 
83 
^ 
82 
82 
81 
83 
82 
82 

83 

77 
78 
80 

80 
75 
79 

82 
82 
75 
79 
84 

82 
76 
73 



Bl 

78 
80 

80 

s:3 



No. 
4534 
4613 
4550 
4798 
4597 
4356 
5204 
5194 
4925 
5183 
4309 
4715 
4696 
4991 
4592 
4625 
4585 
4199 
4877 
5136 
4972 
5054 
4930 
4935 
4863 
5002 
4932 
4928 

4968 
4609 
4648 
4788 

4797 

4478 
4718 
4936 
4924 
4457 
4721 
5065 

4926 
4524 
4336 
5129 

4875 
4657 
4802 

4805 
4904 



Portlandia platantha. 
Potentilla ambigua. 
Primula capitata. 

mollis. 

Sikkimensis. 

Stuartii. 



Psammisia pendulaeflora. 
Pteris Cretica. 

heterophylla. 

quadriaurita. 

PuyaAltensteinii; ?;«?•. gigautt-a. 

Chilicnsis. 

sulphurea. 

virescens. 

Pyxidanthera barbulata. 
Ranunculus cortussefolius. 



spicahis. 

Rcevesia tlmsoidca. 
Rheum acuminatum. 
Rhipsalis sarmentacea. 
Rhododendron album. 

argenteum. 

Blandfordiaafloiiun. 

Brookeanum. 

Californicum. 

calophyllum. 

camelliseflorum. 

campanulatum ; ; 

Wallichii. 

campylocarpum. 

Championae. 



cdiatum; ^8. roseo-album. 

cinnabarinum ; var. pal- 
lidum. 

citrinum. 

Clivianum. 

Dalhousige. 

Edgworthii. 

Falconeri. 

formosum. 

glaucum. 

Grimthianum; tar. Auck- 

landii. 

Hookeri. 

jasminiflorum. 

Javanicum. 

Kendrickii ; var. lati- 

folium. 

Keysii. 

lepidotum. 

lepidotum ; var. chlo- 

ranthum. 

Maddeni. 

Moulmainense. 



10 



INDEX. 






Vol. 
74 
79 
85 
81 
85 
85 
83 
83 
84 
85 
83. 
76 
79 
71 
82 
85 
86 
86 
78 
77 
75 
78 
83 
71 
73 
83 
80 
71 
81 
83 
81 
73 
82 
86 
79 
85 
78 
86 
75 
82 
77 
84 
71 
83 
79 
77 
86 
75 
81 
80 
73 
72 
86 
75 



No. 
4381 
4730 
5146 
4859 
5020 
5125 
4997 
4992 
5060 
5116 
5008 
4509 
4737 
4198 
4231 
5140 
5176 
5200 
4630 
4579 
4466 
4678 
5023 
4147 
4298 
5015 
4772 
4158 
4884 
5017 
4874 
4318 
4939 
5209 
4716 
5093 
4639 
5217 
4465 
4915 
4621 
5066 
4196 
4963 
4743 
4560 
5172 
4476 
4843 
4768 
4290 
4268 
5185 
4420 



Khododendron Ndagiricum. 

niveum. 

iSTuttallii. 

retusum. 

• Smithii. 

Stepherdii. 

Thomsoni. 

■ Veitcliianum. 

virgatum. 

Wilsoni (liybridum). 

Windsorii. 

Rhodoleia Championi. 
Rhynchospemnun jasminoides 
Rhynchoglossum Zeylanicum. 
Ribes subvestitum. 
Richardia albo-maculata. 
hastata. 



Rosa sericea. 
Roscoea purpurea. 
Rondeletia versicolor. 
Roupellia grata. 
Rubus bitlorus. 

nutans. 

Ruellia Hlacina. 
Purdieana. 



Sabbatia campestris. 

Saccolabiuin denticulatum. 
Salpixantha coccinea. 
Salvia asperata. 

Candelabrum. 

carduacea. 

leucantha. 

porphyrata. 

scabiossefolia. 

Sandersonia aurantiaca. 
Sanseviera cylindrica. 
Sarcanthus filiformis. 
Parishii. 



Sauromatium guttatum. 
Saxifraga cdiata. 
flagrellaris. 



purpurascens. 

Scsevola attenuata. 
Scheeria lanata. 

Mexicaua. 

Scboenia oppositifolia. 
Schomburgkia Lyonsi. 

tibicinus ; var. granditlora 

Seiodacalyx Warszewiczii. 
Scolopendrium Krebsii. 
Scutellaria cordifolia. 

— incarnata. 

incarnata ; var. Trianai. 

macrantha. 



Vol 

72 

80 

83 

79 

80 

71 

74 

71 

75 

72 

72 

82 

71 

73 

74 

78 

79 

71 

74 

73 

78 

81 

75 

77 

71 

71 

86 

86 

86 

83 

85 

84 

71 

Bfi 

76 

77 

85 

86 

80 

86 

85 

72 

85 

81 

71 

86 

85 

86 

75 

72 

85 

75 

83 

71 



No. 

4271 

4789 

4961 

4727 

4803 

4134 

4360 

4170 

4463 

4227 

4212 

4954 

4178 

4331 

4403 

4286 

4719 

4194 

4364 

4283 

4682 

4882 

4446 

4570 

4345 

4138 

5222 

5219 

5211 

4978 

5104 

5026 

4394 

5091 

4537 

4614 

5151 

5164 

4795 

5169 

5143 

4211 

5021 

4885 

4197 

5158 

5153 

5162 

4448 

4263 

5111 

4438 

4966 

4167 



Scutellaria Ventenatii. 

■ villosa. 

Seaforthia elegans. 
Semeiandra gi-andiflora. 
Senecio praecox. 
Sida graveolens. 

(Abutilon) integemma. 

pseoniseflora. 

(Abutilon) venosa. 

— vitifolia. 



Sinningia velutina. 

Youngiana. 

Siphocampylos coccineus. 

glandulosus. 

inanattiaBrlorus. 

microstoma. 

Skimmia Japonica. 
Smeathmannia laevigata. 

pubescens. 

Smithia purpurea. 
Sobralia chlorantha. 

fragrans. 

macrantha. 

sessdis. 

Solandra lsevis. 
Solanum macranthum. 

runcinatum. 

Sonchus gummifer. 

radicatus. 

Sonerda elegans. 

margaritacea. 

speciosa. 

stricta. 

Spathodea campanulata. 

laevis. 

Sphserostema propinquum. 
Spiraea Douglasii. 

Portunei. 

granditlora. 

Nobleana. 

Spraguea umbellata. 
Stachytarpheta aristata. 
Stangeria paradoxa. 
Stanhopea ecornuta. 
titrrina. 



Statice Bonduelli. 

Bourgisei. 

brassicsefolia. 



Stemonacanthus maciophyllus. 
Stenocarpus Cunninghami. 
Stephanopliysum Baikiei. 
Stirt'tia chrysantha. 
Stokesia cyanea. 
Strelitzia augusta. 



INDEX. 



II 



Vol.\ No. 
81 4862 



81 

74 

76 

76 

81 

74 

83 

79 

75 

85 

71 

78 

72 

81 

77 

82 

74 

12 

81 

77 

73 

73 

75 

84 

81 

74 

85 

83 

83 

84 

73 

72 

72 

86 

80 



4850 
4366 

4538 
4529 
4867 

4416 

497.") 

4713 

4484 

5094 

4187 

4674 

4251 

4833 

4663 

48 9 6 

4383 

4239 

4868 

4566 

4344 

4303 

4441 

5062 

4851 

4378 

5124 

4998 

4985 

5082 

4288 

4249 

4229 

5167 

4780 



Streptocarpus Gardeni. 
polyanthus. 



81 

86 
80 
81 

78 



84 5079 



4849 

5188 
4820 
4857 
4654 



Strobilanthes lactatus. 
Stylidium mucronifol iuni . 

saxifragoides. 

Stylophorum diphyllun.. 
Swainsona Greyana. 
Syinplioricarpus raicrophyllus. 
Syphocampylus Qrbignianus. 
Tabenuemontana longinora. 
Tacbiadenus carinatus. 
Tacsonia mollissima. 



sanscumea. 



Talauma Candollii. 
Talinom polyandrum. 

Tainarindus officinalis. 
Tecoma fulva. 
Tetrasygia ela^agnoides. 
Theophrastus Jussian. 
Therinopsis barbata. 
Thibaudia inacrantba. 

Pinchinchensis, /8. 

pulcherrima. 

Thyrsacanthus bract eolatus. 
Indicus. 

— Schomburgkianus. 

— strictus. 



labra. 



Thunbergia coccinea. 

Harrisii. 

laurifolia. 

■ Natalensis. 



Tillandsia bulbosa ; tar. picta, 
Toreiiia Asiatica. 

edentula. 

hirsuta. 

Torreya Myristica. 
Tradescantia discolor ; var. va- 
riegata. 

■ Martensiana. 

"W arszewicziana. 

Tricbodesma Zeylanicum. 
Trichopilia coccinea. 
■ suavis. 



Vol. 
73 
72 
74 
73 
73 
82 
76 
82 
71 
S3 
71 
83 
78 
79 
11 
76 
78 
86 
86 
75 
76 
73 
74 



No. 
4335 
4245 
43 85 
4323 
4337 
4955 
4505 
4908 
4137 
4999 
4617 
5009 
4688 
4732 
4612 
4487 
4304 
5189 
5174 
4432 
4512 
4275 
4415 
5108 

43S2 
4584 
4830 
4766 
4893 
4396 
4777 
4155 
4813 
4575 
4722 
4989 
5055 
5201 
4493 

4451 



Tritonia anrea. 
Tropaeolum crenatiflonun. 

Smithii. 

speciosum. 

umbellatum. 



Trycirtis pilosa. 
Tupa crassicaulis. 
Tupidantluis calyptratus. 
Tumera ulmiflora. 
Tydsea amabilis. 
Ullucus tuberosus. 
Uroskinnera spectabilis. 
Vaccinium erythrinura. 

— ovatiun. 

Rollisoni. 

Valoradia plumbaginoides. 
Vanda cristata. 

gigantea. 

suavis. 

tricolor. 



Veronica formosa. 
Victoria regia. 
Vriesia glaucophylla. 

psittacina ; var. rubro- 

bracteata. 



speciosa. 

Wallicbia densiflora. 
Warrea discolor, 
quadrata. 



Weigela amabilis. 



Wellingtonia gigantea. 
Whitfieldia lateritia. 
Whitlavia grandiflora. 
Wigandia Caracasana. 
Xanthorrhcea Hastde. 
Xanthosoma sagittifoliuni. 
Xiphidium floribundum. 
Yucca canaliculata. 
Zauschneria Californica ; var. 

latifolia. 
Zieria macrophylla. 






Tab. 5157. 
GRAMMATOPHYLLUM speciosum. 

Showy Grammatophyllum. 



Nat. Orel. Orciiide^:.— Gynandria Monandria. 

Gen Char Gu\mmatophyllum, Bl. Perianthium explatintmn, patens, srpalis 
petalisque subrcqualibus. Labellum cum columna articulatum, nanum, tnlobuiii, 
eueullatum. Columna arcuata, erecta, seraiteres, basi callosa. Antliera subbilo- 
cularis. Pollinia 2, globosa, basi sulcata, in extremitatibus glandulne arcuate 
sessilia — Herba? epiphyte, caulescentes. Caules simplkes, incrassati. Folia line- 
aria, disticha, striata. Pedunculi radicates, longissimi, (v. terminates ?) muWJlori. 
Flores spec'uosissimi. Lindl. 



Grammatophyllum speciosum; scapo multifloro pseudobulbisque longissimis, 
foliis distichis patenti-recurvis basi dilatatis equitantibus, bracteis herbaceis, 
sepalis petalisque patentissimis subobovato-oblongis undulatis obtusissimis, 
labelli lobis obtusis intermedio rnbro-lineato, lineis ciliatis. 

Grammatophyllum speciosum. Bl. Bijdr.p. 377. Lindl. Gen.d Sp. Orchid^ 
'p. 173 {in part). Bl. Rumphia, v. 4. p. 47. t. 191. Paxt. Fl. Card. t. 69 
{imperfect specimen). 

Great was the surprise of botanists and horticulturists when 
the first knowledge of this gigantic Orchideous plant was placed 
before the European public in the 'Rumphia' above quoted, and 
expectations were not disappointed when the living plant was 
introduced by the late Messrs. Loddiges, and at length flowered 
though imperfectly, in their stoves at Hackney, which happened 
in 1852, when the figure above quoted was published in Paxton s 
' Flower Garden.' . . 

The specimen now before us exceeds m size all that was anti- 
cipated by the most sanguine, and this under the skilful manage- 
ment of Mr. Carson, gardener to W. G. Farmer, Esq., of iNon- 
such Park, Ewell, in October, 1859. It was taken from a plant 
of which the old pseudobulbs, or stems, were from nine to ten 
feet lono- and the scape six feet, throwing out its noble flower- 
ing scape from the base. The species is a native, Blume tells us, 
of Java and other islands in the Indian Ocean (Mr. Fmlayson 
detected it in Cochin China), and from its vigorous vegetation, 

JANUARY 1ST, 1860. 



and the remarkable size of the flowers, it richly merits the title 
of the " Queen of Orchidcous plants." 

Descr. Stems, or pseudobulbs, clustered, erect, five to eight 
and ten feet high, tereti-compressed, striated below, and a few, 
large, appressed scales there take the place of leaves. These 
latter occupy the rest of the stem, and are distichous, one 
and a half to two feet long, from a broad, sheathing, equitant 
base, loratc, acute, coriaceo-meinbranaceous, striated. Scape 
nearly the size of one's finger, and- from four to six feet long, 
radical, erect, many-flowered, terete, quite glabrous. Flowers 
distant, expanding from the base upwards on the panicle, each 
with a large, broad, ovato-lanceolate, concave, greenish bract, 
full an inch long. Ovary pedicelliform, as long as the flower 
is broad, thick, fleshy, terete, four to six inches, almost white : 
flower-bud two and a half inches long, independent of the ovary, 
clavate. Expanded flower nearly six inches across. Sepals and 
petals much spreading and slightly reflexed, undulated, broad- 
oblong or subobovate, yellow, richly spotted and blotched with 
deep- red-purple. Lip small for the size of the flower, three- 
lobed, an inch and a half long ; the lobes obtuse, the side lobes 
convolute over the column ; the disc sulcated, with three plates 
more elevated in the centre, marked with red streaks, and where 
the red streaks are, the lines are ciliated : middle lobe entire. 
Column curved a little downwards, semiterete, partially spotted 
with red. 



Fig. 1. Front view of the lip. 2. Column. 3. Pollen-masses and caudicle : 
— magnified. 



Tab. 5158. 
STATICE Bonduelli. 

Bonduelles Statice. 



Nat. Ord. Plumbagine.e. — Pentandria Pentagynia. 
Gen. Char. {Fide supra, Tab. 3776.) 



Statice (§ Pteroclados) Bonduelli; foliis radicalibus patentibus pubescenti- 
hirsutis ciliatis spathulatis sinuato-runciuatis, lobis rotundatis tcrminali sub- 
rhombeo longe raucronato, scapis teretibus, ramis angulatis dichotome cy- 
raosis, pedunculis obpyramidalibus trialatis, floribus gloraeratis (flavis), brac- 
teis interioribus patenti-spinosis, calycis limbo demum campanulato 5- 
dentato. 

Statice Bonduelli. Lestib. in Annal. des Sc. Nat. ser. 3. v. 16. p. 81. t.M. 



This pretty yellow-flowered Statice was received at the Royal 
Gardens of Kew from Mr. Thomson of Ipswich, and proves to 
be a species described and accurately figured by Lestiboudois 
in the ' Annales des Sciences Naturelles ' above quoted, under 
the name of S. Bonduelli. It was detected in North Africa, in 
the desert of Djebel- Amour, on the banks of the Mzi, between 
Tagemont and El-Aghouat, by M. Bonduelle, chirurgien aide- 
major, after whom it is named. It is one of the prettier of a 
very pretty genus, and is among the few of the yellow-flowered 
species known to us ; is easily cultivated in a greenhouse, and 
flowers readily during the summer months. 

Descr. Perennial. Leaves radical, spreading, three to five 
inches long, spathulate, sinuato-lyrate, hairy and ciliated, termi- 
nated by a subulate point, tapering below into a short, winged 
petiole : lobes of the leaves oval or rounded, separated by obtuse 
sinuses ; terminal one larger than the rest, subrhoraboid. Scapes 
a foot and more tall, several from the same root, branched 
upwards in a compoundly dichotomous manner, rounded, hairy ; 
the branches triangular, moderately spreading: bracts two or 
three together, linear, half an inch to an inch long, below the 
branches and at the bases of all the dichotomies, uppermost 
ones subulate : ultimate branchlets, which may be considered the 

JANUARY 1ST, 1S60. 



peduncle, broad, obpyramidate, an inch long, ancipitate, trialate, 
forked at the apex, slightly hairy. Flowers inserted at the base 
of the fork of the peduncle, clustered, surrounded by scanose 
bracts, of which the interior are furnished with hard, green, 
spreading spines, some subulate, others semi-hastate, all very 
sharp. Calyx at first cylindrical, at length infundibuliform, yel- 
low, the limb campanulate, scariose, five-toothed, and minutely 
crenulated. Petals five; the long claws approximated into a 
tube, longer than the clayx, the lamina spreading, obovate, bifid, 
pale-yellow. Stamens and style included. 



Kg. 1. Peduncle, with flowers. 2. Flower, with an inner bractea. 3. Calyx, 
after the fall of the corolla : — magnified. 



5169. 




TEfitrihjflBl. ctlith. 



ymcetitBxcOiS, 



Tab. 5159. 

LLAVEA CORDIFOLIA. 

Cordate-leaved Llavea. 



Nat. Orel. Filices.— Cryptogamia Filices. 

Gen. Char. Phnur sterile* et fertile* in cadem frondc. Sori lineares vol ob- 
longi in venaa pinnularoni Innsmutunm siliquifonnium. Invobtcnm e margiu- 
bua iucurvia membranaceia dilatatia pinnnlarom aoroa tegentei.— Fflii Mesica*a. 

Caudex brecls, crassus, squamosus. Frons subampla, inpinnata, eleganlimma. 



Llavba cor d't folia. 

Llavea cordifolia. Lagasea, Gen. et Sp. riant, p. 33. Did. Sc. Nat. v. 27. p. 89. 

Hook. Sp. Fil. v. 2. p. 125. 
Ceratodactylis osmundioides. J. 8m. in Hook. Gen. Fil. t. 36. Fee, Gen. Til. 

p. 228. 
\llosorus Karwinskii. he. in Linnrra, v. 13. p. 138. Benth. Plant Hartw. 

p. 54. K:e. in Sckkuhr, Fil. Snppl. p. 7. t. 4. Hook. Ic. Plant. Ear. v. 4. 

I. 387, 388. 
Botryogramme Karwinskii. Fee, Gen. Fil. p. 166. t. 15 C. 



Due of the most beautiful, and, in a state of cultivation, rarest of 
Ferns, native of Mexico, with a very peculiar habit; for, with B tmc- 
tifieation in many respects resembling that of our well-known 
Crypiogramme crispa, Br., it bears on one and the same frond 
two kinds of pinnules ; the lower portion consists of sterile pin- 
nules only, the upper portion forms a graceful drooping panicle 
of pod-shaped fertile pinnules. No fern-collection suitable to a 
warm greenhouse should be without this charming plant. It is 
a solitary species of the genus. 

Descr. Caudex or rhizome short, thick, mostly concealed 
underground. Fronds tufted, including the stipes, from a foot 
and a half to two feet long, moderately broad, tripinnate, lower 
pinnae sterile, the rest fertile. Pinnules of the sterile pinna* an 
inch or more long, ovate or cordate-ovate, petiolate, between 
coriaceous and membranaceous, firm, delicate, bright-green, some- 
what acute, serrated with subspinulose teeth, the margins slightly 
thickened. Veins pinnately two to three times forked, ultimate 
veinkts terminating within the margin, and clavate. About the 



JANUARY 1ST, I860. 



upper half of the frond forms a panicle of fertile, linear, pedi- 
cellate, pod-shaped, torulose pinnules, which are generally acute; 
the margins revolute upon the back of the pinnae, the edges 
meeting there and forming the involucres to the sori, which 
are in lines upon the branches of the veins. Capsules nume- 
rous, crowded, pedicellate. Stipes a span or more long, clothed, 
and thickly at the base, with subulate, falcate, delicate, whitish, 
membranaceous scales. Rachis free from scales, slender, flexuose. 



Fig. 1. Portion of a sterile pinna, showing the venation. 2. Fertile pinna, 
seen from beneath, showing the margin rolled in and constituting the involucre. 
3. Portion of the fertile pinna, with the involucre forced back, showing a sorus : 
— magnified. 



5460. 




Tab. 5160. 

BEGONIA FRIGIDA. 

Frigid Begonia. 



Xat. Ord. Begoniace^e. — Mon<ecia Polyandria. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4172.) 



Begonia frigida ; suffruticosa erecta glabra, foliis longe petiolatis inrequaliter 
oblique cordatis brevi-acuminatis brevissime sinuato-lobatis serratisque, 
lobis acutis supra intense viridibus subtus rubro-roseis, stipulis ovatis acu- 
minatis roseis integerrimis, pedunculis axillaribus folia excedentibus bis di- 
chotomis, floribus parvis albis, masculis 4-sepalis quorum 2 ovatis 2 multo 
minoribus linearibus, staminibus 9 erectis, fcemineis sepalis 4-5 sequalibus 
lineari-oblongis, capsula membranacea 3-alata, alis 2 majoribus. 

Begonia frigida. Hortitl. Alf. Be Cand. in Ann. des Sc. Nat, Uh Ser. v. 11. j?. 51 . 



The foliage of this small species of Begonia, which we re- 
ceived from Continental gardens under the name here adopted, 
is more attractive than the flowers, which are unusually small 
and insignificant, and quite colourless ; but our artist, Mr. Fitch, 
while making the drawing, detected a curious morphological 
structure, in the fact of one of the flowers having an inferior 
perianth of four very unequal sepals (such as are indicative of a 
male flower) ; and above their point of insertion are four stamens 
(apparently perfect), alternating with four superior, free, ovate 
ovaries, each with a short style, and two, downy, linear stigmas. 
It is to be regretted that no section was made of these ovaries, 
which from situation and in form so little resemble the three- 
celled, inferior fruit of Begonia. Indeed, all the flowers had an 
imperfect appearance, a weak and starving aspect, as if likely to 
prove abortive ; for they are not only small, but the stamens 
were few in each flower, never more than nine : in the female 
flower the petals vary from four to five, and the fruit was in one 
instance four-sided and four-winged. 

De Candolle, in his admirable "Mc'moire sur la Famine, des 
Begoniacees " in the Annales, I.e., makes brief mention of this 
species as cultivated in the garden of M. Boissier at Geneva, and 
refers it to a section, " Dasgsteks" whose character is " Flores 

JANUARY 1ST, 1860. » 



masc. disepali, dipetali. Stamina libera, antheris obiongis, fila- 
mento longioribus. Fl.fem. lobis tribus, sequalibus. Styli tres, 
liberi, bifidi, a basi usque ad apicem ramorum uudique papillosi, 
ramis erectis linearibus. Placenta integrse. Capsula subaequa- 
liter trialata." 

Descr. Stem, in our plant, not more than a span high, gla- 
brous, as are the leaves, which are from three to five inches long, 
long-petioled, unequally cordate, shortly acuminate, sinuate at 
the margin with small, sharp angles or lobes, and serrated, 
slightly pilose ; upper side dark coppery-green, beneath deep 
rose-red, especially upon the veins. Stipules half an inch long, 
membranaceous, pale rose-colour, deciduous, ovato-acuminate. 
Peduncles longer than the leaves, twice dichotomous. Ftowers 
white, small. Male Jtowers with four, spreading sepals, two oval, 
and two very small linear ones. Stamens nine. Female flowers 
larger. Sepals four to five, equal, oblong-oval, spreading. Cap- 
sule with two large and one small and very narrow wing. 



Fig. 1. Male flower. 2. A stamen. 3. Female flower. 4. Transformed 
hermaphrodite ? flower : — magnified. 




w.v\> a 



~Vmc cnL Jixook^Imp 



Tab. 5161. 
DIDYMOCARPUS primul,efolia. 

Primrose-leaved Didymocarpus. 



+ 



Nat. Ord. Cyrtandrace.e. — Didynamia Angiospermia. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 4757.) 



Didymocarpus primulafolia ; acaulis, folis radicalibus patentibus ovalibus 
obovatisve obtusis serratis in petiolum longum alatum decurrentibus 
miosis supra pubescentibus subtus tomentoso-albidis, scapis axillaribus 
folia sequantibus apice dichotome cymoso-paucifloris, calycis villosi lobis 
lineari-oblongis erectis obtusis, corolla? tubo curvato subtus prsecipue insig- 
niter inflato limbi lobis 5 patentibus seqnalibus. 

Didymocarpus primuloefolia. Gardn. Contrib. to Fl. of Ceylon, p. 18. 



Raised from seeds which were sent from Ceylon by our ex- 
cellent friend Mr. Thwaites, to the Royal Gardens of Kew, 
where it flowered in November, 1859. It was well named by 
the lamented Gardner, " primulafolia" for not only the leaves, 
but the front view of the flower calls to mind some or other of 
the Primrose tribe. The colour of the leaves however, from the 
copious down, is peculiarly hoary, almost white. It is an inha- 
bitant of shady rocks, in forests, on the Hantane range, near 
Kandy. A near ally of this is D. Humboldtiana, of Gardner, 
figured at our Tab. 4757. That has much broader leaves and 
shorter petioles. 

Descr. Herbaceous, stemless. Whole plant covered with 
hoary down or short hairs, thicker (quite tomentose) on the 
under side of the leaves. Leaves (the blade) three to four inches 
long, all radical, elliptical or subobovate, patent, rugose with 
strongly reticulated veins, crenato- serrate, tapering at the base 
into a long, winged petiole, longer than the blade. Scapes 
about as long as the leaves, erect or nearly so, dichotomously 
divided at the apex into a few-flowered cyme of moderately sized, 
pale-lilac-coloured flowers, soon passing into white. Calyx 
monophyllous, cut into five, deep, nearly erect, linear-oblong, 

JANUARY 1ST, 1860. 



obtuse, very hairy lobes. Corolla short, with the tube at first 
curved downwards, then upwards, singularly broad, and inflated 
or ventricose beneath; limb of five, spreading, nearly equal, 
rounded segments, crenated at the margin. Stamens two, perfect, 
quite included, inserted near the base of the tube ; filaments 
short ; anthers yellow, reniform, applied to each other face to 
face, and slightly conjoined : there are besides in our plant three 
filiform abortive stamens. Ovary oblong, pubescent and glandu- 
lose. Style as long as the tube of the corolla. Stigma subcapi- 
tate, depressed. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Calyx and pistil. 3. Corolla, laid open, showing the 
stamens. 4. Pistil -.—magnified. 



Tab. 5162. 
STATICE brassic^'folia. 

Cabbage-leaved Statice. 



Nat. Ord. Plumbagine/e.— Pentandria Pentagynia. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 3776.) 



Stattcf fPteroclados) brassicafblia ; basi suffrutescente, foliia para et brevis- 
SS margine ciliatulis petiolatis lyratis lobo tenmnaW ma*™ 
o'to-rotundo Sf epe° irregulariter lobato obtusisshnc £. ate £« »b«£ 
dato lateralibus aU-auriculrcformibus parvis rotundatia alternis barn sjepe 
confluen b us capo angukto supeme paniculato-coryraboso, ranus bialatu 
aHs Simi grole undulato-lobatis subdichotomis in auriculas ampl 
al LnUbus spfculis bifloris 2-3 ad ramulorum apicem fasciculatis rain 1 
flora "n'trfbus a basi sursum dilatatis glabris in auriculas breves falcatas 
S^ cuTas^tera s.pe obsolete abeuntibus, bracte, , duabu ndW 
oribus rufo-membranaceis ovatis acutis puberahs, 2*™^«a2K 
rabello-coriacea dorso coriacea elevatim plunuem gbbra £*"£*£ 
sime albo-inembranacea ciliatula, calycis tubo glabro limbo obtusissime 
5-denticulato-sinuato. Boiss. 

Statice brassicaafolia. Webb in Bonrg. *^^}*** Z Vw 
Canar. v. 3. p. 181. t. 195. Bouts, m Be Camd. Prodr. v. 12. p. 837. 



A very pretty new Statice, recently detected by M Bourgeau 
in the Canaries, bnt only in the island of Gomora, and at a spot 
called El Risco de las Solas, Lugar de Agulo, flowering m great 
perfection early in April: with us, even in a ^ol greenhouse 
blossoming early in August. It evidently belongs to the same 
crroup of the extensive genus Statice with the : well-known 8 
TZa of Willdenow, and of Bot. Mag. t. 3776 , but very dif- 
ferent and of a more humble character in point of size In 
this group of the genus, Teneriffe and the adjacent islands are 

3Xt DESCR The root or rhizome is stout and woody, and some- 
times rises above the surface of the ground, but never to the ex- 
tent of becoming a subarborescent stem, as is the case m S. «r- 
horea. Leave* afl radical, rough y hairy, with small seta, va- 
rying much in size, from six inches to a span and more long, 



FEBRUARY 1ST, I860. 



lyrato-pinnatifid, or even below subpinnate. The terminal lobe 
very large, broadly obovate, somewhat waved, tipped with a 
long subulate bristle ; below that lobe the petiole is winged and 
sinuato-lobate, the lobes small, subtriangular, and the lowest 
ones wide apart and distinct. Scape a foot or a foot and a half 
high, dichotomously panicled above, very singularly and broadly 
winged, as seen in the figure, and as is, together with the inflo- 
rescence, sufficiently amply described in the above specific cha- 
racter. 



Fig. 1. Flowers and outer bract. 2. Inner bract. 3. Calyx, separate from 
the rest of the flower. 4. Portion of a leaf, to show the setae : — all more or less 
magnified. 



ot63 




-tilth 



Yix.ce- 



Tab. 5163. 
FOURCROYA flavo-viridis. 

Yellow-green Fourcroga. 



Nat. Ord. Amaryllidace.e. — Hexanduia Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Perigonium. corollinura, superum, deciduum, bexaphyllo-partitum ; 
foliolis eequalibus, patentiusculis. Stamina 6, epigynn ; filamenta basi cuneato- 
dilatata, aestivatione erecta, sub anthesi inclusa ; tmtierm ovatae, medio dorso 
affinae, erectae. Ovarium inferum, triloculare. Ocula plurima, in loculorum an- 
gulo centrali biseriata, horizontalia. Slylm triqueter, basi strumoso-incrassntus, 
subexsertus, cavus, apice pervius. Stigma obtusum, fimbriatum. Capsula co- 
riacea, trilocularis, loculicido-trivalvis. Semina plurima, plano-corapressa. — 
Herbae in America calidiore cis aquatorem indigence, longata, semel florentes ; 
caudice interdum giganteo, apice folioso ; scapo terminals, paniculatim ramoso, 
snultifloro. Endl. 



VouTLCUOYXJlavo-viridis; acaulis, foliis pallida flavo-viridibus subsesquipedalibus 
bipedalibusve lanceolatis caruosis acuminatis subtortuosis spinosis, spinulis 
mediocribus falcatis, scapo subbiorgyali apice laxe racemoso-paniculato, 
floribus subaggregatis nutantibus 3 uncias longis, perianthio infundibuli- 
formi-hypocrateriformi, tubo viridi, limbo flavescente 4 uncias lato, stami- 
nibus limbi laciniis lanceolatis 3 interioribus latioribus brevioribus, fila- 
mentis infra medium valde dilatatis, stylo staminibus brevioribus basi 
erecto-trilobis. 



The brief account we have of Fourcroga tuberosa might be 
considered sufficiently to correspond with our present plant to 
justify us in attaching the name to it, were it not for the absence 
of a swollen base or rhizome from which the roots spring. We 
have plants that have not yet flowered, which in that particular 
better correspond with F. tuberosa, and I am bound to consider 
a new species, which Mr. Repper sent, twelve or. fourteen years 
a<?o, along with Cereu-s senilis and other Mexican succulents, from 
Real del Monte. It may be considered a Fourcrot/a gigantea in 
miniature ; the flowers however being quite as large and of the 
same structure as F. gigantea, already given in Bot. Mag., Tab. 
2250. 

Descr. The root is coarsely fibrous, without stem or cau- 
dex. Leaves all radical, more or less spreading, and some- 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1860. 



what tortuose, about two feet long, lanceolate, pungently acumi- 
nate, pale-green, very smooth and even, spinulose at the margin : 
the spines or teeth falcate, sharp ; superior ones pointing towards 
the apex, inferior ones the reverse. Scape twelve to fourteen 
feet high, naked below but bracteated above, forming a long lax 
racemose panicle ; pedicels aggregated on short bracteated pe- 
duncles, drooping ; bracteas ovato-lanceolate, long-acuminate. Pe- 
rianth pale-yellowish-green ; the lube incorporated with the ob- 
tusely triangular ovary. The spread of the limb is nearly four 
inches ; three outer sepals narrower, three inner subcorolloid and 
a little waved. Filaments, as in the genus, singularly dilated 
below the middle, and the style has at its base three large erect 
lobes, characteristic of the genus Fourcroya. 



Pig. 1. Apex of a leaf, — nat. size. 
section of ovary : — magnified. 



2. Stamens. 3. Pistil. 4. Transverse 



Si6L. 







Tab. 5164. 
SPIRAEA Fortunei. 

Fortunes Spiraa. 



Nat. Ord. Rosacea.— Icosandria Di-Penta<^ma 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4795.) 



Spiraa Fortunei; frutex erectus, ramulis glabratis, foliis lanccolatis longc 
acuminatis grosse subduplicato-serratis supra glabris subtus glaucis gla- 
berrimis v. pilosulis, cymis laxis, ramis patentibus calycibusqiie pubes- 
centibus, calycis lobis* patentibus tubo intus tomentosis disco glanduhs 
suberectis ornato, ovariis glaberrimis. 

Spiraa Fortunei. Planchon, Flore des Serres, v. 9. p. 871. 

Spir.ea callosa. Lindl. et Faxt. Fl. Gard. v. 2. p. 113, cum us. xyloyr. 



This handsome shrub is evidently the S. callosa of Lindley, 
a native of North China and Japan, but whether of Thunberg 
or not appears doubtful, for the latter author describes the leaves 
as eglandular, whereas this and all its allies have the serratures 
tipped with a gland. Planchon, who points out this difference, 
adds that the 8. callosa has much smaller, somewhat pilose 
leaves, and larger callosities (axillary buds) at the base of the 
petiole. Notwithstanding these differences we suspect this will 
prove to be Thunberg's plant, for the leaves vary extremely in 
size, as do those of its allies. There are sometimes a few hairs 
on the leaves beneath. Our specimens have the large callosities 
alluded to, and we cannot but suspect some error in regard to 
the eglandular serratures. We have a cultivated specimen, in- 
troduced from Japan to this country by T. Lobb, in which the 
inflorescence and calyx are nearly glabrous. 

The 8. Fortunei flowered this year in the Royal Gardens, 
Kew ; but we have figured in preference the specimens sent by 
Mr. Noble, of Bagshot, for reasons which will be stated under 
S. Nobleana (hereafter to be figured). As a species it is very 
nearly related to some forms of the Himalayan 8. bella itself, a 
a most .variable plant, but in which the glands of the disc are 
always much larger. 

Descr. A straggling shrub, three to five feet high, with 
reddish glabrous branches and puberulous branchlels. Leaves 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1859. 



three to six inches long, rather membranous, elliptic-lanceolate 
or oblong-lanceolate, with a long acumen, irregularly acutely 
serrate ; the serratures tipped with a gland ; deep green, glabrous 
above, glaucous and glabrous or obscurely pilose beneath. In- 
florescence a lax cyme, with slender patent branches. Calyx 
tomentose with spreading lobes and hairy tube inside. Disc 
with a row of suberect small glands. Stamens not very long. 
Ovaries quite glabrous. — /. D. H. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Ditto, with petals and stamens removed. 3. Portion 
of calyx, gland, and stamens : — all magnified. 



: - £ ■ • 


-• v- 3 : -y, 






i 


i 




"#nA 


1 



• • 



: 



5165. 






'■'^' 



■ 



% 



% 



Jr 



If 
* w 










^Brodis,fcip 



Tab. 5165. 
CEANOTHUS velutinus. 

Velvety Ceanothus. 



Nat. Ord. Rhamne*:. — Pentandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4660.) 



Ceanothus velutinus; I'rutex, ramis erect is, foliis coriaceis orbiculari-ellipticis 
cordatisve obtusis glanduloso-crenatis supra glabris intense viridibus ver- 
nicosis subtus canescenti-tomentosis trinerviis, paniculis pedunculatis axil- 
laribus, floribus densis albis. 

Ceanothus velutinus. Douglas, in Hook. Fl. Bor. Am. p. 125. t. 45. Torrey 
and Gray, Fl. of N. Am. v. 1. p. 265. 



This is a plant of which the figure makes very little show upon 
white paper, for there is nothing gay and no variety of colour ; 
but in a garden it proves to be a very handsome evergreen orna- 
mental shrub, derived from the Oregon Territory, with leaves 
whose upper surface is very dark green, rendered glossy by ap- 
parently an aromatic resin, which the plant exudes in hot wea- 
ther, the under side velvety with whitish down, or sometimes 
slightly ferruginous. It was first detected by the lamented 
Douglas, and has been lately reared from seed by Messrs. Veitch 
and Sons, Exeter and Chelsea Nurseries, with whom it flowered 
in the open air in the early winter months. It may be expected 
to be quite hardy, for it is found among the Rocky Mountains 
at considerable elevation above the sea. 

Descr. Shrub, eight to ten feet high on its native hills, with 
nearly glabrous, terete branches, and rather long-petioled leaves 
of a singularly dark and vernicose green above, pale and canes- 
cent or sometimes subferruginous with velvety down, beneath ; 
the largest of them are nearly three inches long ; their form is 
elliptical-rotundate or elliptical-cordate, the margin glanduloso- 
crenulate; there are three principal longitudinal nerves, which 
are prominent beneath. Peduncles axillary, bearing erect, thyr- 
soid panicles of dense white flowers, overtopping the leaves, with 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1860. 



a pair of bracteas where the branches commence. Calyx small, 
five-lobed. Petals long-clawed, cucullate. Stamens with in- 
curved filaments; anthers subglobose. Disc very conspicuous. 
Fruit a capsule, about the size of a small pea. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Pistil and hypogynous disc -.—magnified. 



5166. 




*'v7B.tch, del . ct ith 



TabJ 5166. 

HETEROCENTRON Mexicanum. 

Mexican Heterocentron. 



Nat. Ord. Melastomace.e.— Octandbia Monogynia. 

Gen Char. Heteeocentbon, Hook, et Am. Flos tetramerus. Calycis denies 
triangulari-acuti, tubum campanulatura subffiquantes. Petala obovata Stamina 
S.altcmatiin iniequalia, baud omuino conformia ; anthem linean-oblongis 1- 
porosis.loculis undulatis; 4 majorum connectivo infra loculos longe producto et 
ultra filament! insertionem in appendices duas rectas calcanformes conniventes 
antice porrecto ; 4 minorum conneclivum brevissime ante vix F oduct }™ p sed 
infra loculas bituberculatum. Ovarium costis 8 paruin conspicuis basi adherens 
superne liberum, apice setis coronatum, 4-loeulare %*w fihformis, stujn ,ate 
punctiformi. Capsula 4-valvis. Semina eochleata.-SuffrnUees £*»«*£ 
lani,nlontkoU, erecli, ramosi, inter MelastomaBas folns mulhphne, vus e fere 
omnino penninerviis memorabiles ; floribus paniculate, albis ante rosm. Naudin. 

Hetebocentbon Mexicanum; suffruticosum pilis scabriuscuhim, caule ramisque 
tetwoonis, foliis elliptic* obtusis penninerviis obtusis integemmis in 
petiolum longinsculum decurrentibus, panicnla foliosa ampla terminal! mul- 
tiflora, calycis tubo globoso echinato-tuberculato. 

Hetebocentbon Mexicanum. Hook, et Am. Bot. of Beech. Voy.p. 290. Naud. 
Melast. Tent. p. 248. 

Melastoma subtriplinervium. Link. Ic. PL Bar., p. 47. t. 24 (/lore alboj. 

Hetebonoma subtriplinervium. ffort. 



A very beautiful Mexican Melastomaceous plant, inhabiting 
mountains about Xalape, at altitudes of six to eight thousand 
feet and although hitherto kept in the stove with us, there is no 
doubt of its succeeding well in a cool greenhouse It has been 
circulated, judging by the appellation which we have received 
with it as "Heteronoma subtriplinervium, -the genus of which 
is quite different; and the specific name implies a character, 
common to most of the Order Melastomacea* but quite at 
variance with the species and the genus to which our plant be- 
longs Our plants have flowered in the autumnal and early 
winter months, and prove exceedingly ornamental at that un- 
favourable portion of the year. We owe the possession of our 

FEBBUABY 1ST, 1860. 



living plants to Messrs. Hugh Low and Son, of the Clapton 
Nursery. 

Descr. Suffruticose. A foot and rather more high, with 
four-anguled stem and branches, and opposite leaves, slightly 
scabrous above, with short setae, elliptical in form, obtuse, entire, 
penninerved, tapering at the base into a moderately long petiole. 
Panicle very compound, terminal, spreading, formed of the nu- 
merous flowering branches, each of which forms a corymb of 
many flowers, of a bright rose-colour, nearly an inch in diameter. 
Tube of the calyx globose, tuberculato-muricate ; limb of five, 
spreading, ovate, large, at length reflexed segments. Petals 
four, spreading, rhombeo-orbicular, a little concave, shortly 
unguiculate. Stamens of two kinds : four smaller ones, with a 
very minute connectivum and an erect anther ; four longer ones, 
with a long connectivum, as long as the anther, bifid at the base, 
attached transversely to the apex of the filament, and remarkably 
deflexed. Ovary quite concealed within the muricated calyx- 
tube, four-celled. 



Fig. 1. Calyx, with the capsule bursting at the apex. 2. Fruit (and calyx- 
tube), cut through transversely. 3. One of the four lesser stamens. 4. One of 
the four larger ones : — all more or less magnified. 






5i6l. 




Witch.aa.etitii. 



~Vixtcent Broote In?- 



Tab. 5167. 

TORENIA hirsuta. 

Hairy Torenia. 



Nat. Ord. Scrophulariack.e.— Didynamia Anoiospermia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx tubulosus, plicatus v. alatus, apice oblique 5-dentatus v bi- 
labiatus. Corolla ringens, labio superiore cmarginato vel bifido, infmorc tnjido 
majore. Stamina postica fertilia, autica arcuata antherifera, basi appendix drn- 
tiformi vel filiformi aucta. JntJiera: per paria arete approximate vel cohtcrcntes. 
Stylus apice bilamellatus. Capsula oblonga, cakcem non excedens.— Herbre 
yerontoyere, tropica, vel parce ex orbe ceteri allata etiam America tropica viyentes. 
Folia opposita. llacemi breves, paucijlori,fascicula>formes, vel rarius elongati ter- 
minates vel ramo excurrente falso axillares, vel in dichotomic, ramorum sttt. Benth. 
in De Cand. 



Torenia hirsuta ; diffusa, foliis petiolatis ovatis serrato-crenatis basi subcordatis, 
calycibus^elongatis 5-costatis exalatis basi obtusis, corolla calyce vix duplo 
longiore, filamentorum anticorura appendice subulata. Benth. 

ToreniI hirsuta. Lamb, lllust. t. 523./. 2. Benth. in Be Cand. Prodr. v. 10. 
p. 410. 

Torenia cordifolia. Benth. in Wall. Cat. n. 3954 {non Roxb.). 



From the stove of the Royal Gardens of Kew, where it was 
received from Messrs. Hugh Low and Son, of Clapton, who 
appear to be the first who have introduced the plant to our 
stoves. It certainly has many points in common with T. Asia- 
tics figured at our Tab. 4249, and is perhaps more beautiful 
than that favourite plant. The flowers are equally large, as well 
as more highly coloured, and more inclined to a reddish than a 
blue purple. The plant is not so straggling, but more compact, 
the leaves shorter, less acuminate, less sharply serrated ; and they, 
and the whole plant (and even the corollas), are hoary with fine, 
short, canescent hairs. The calyx is considerably different in 
shape, both in the state of bud, and after its full expansion, 
much less acuminated at the apex; more obtuse at the base, 
and the upper lip is always deeply bipartite (as accurately re- 
presented in the otherwise indifferent figure of Lamarck), which 
seems never to be the case with T. Asiatica. It flowers at dif- 



FEBRUARY 1st. 18(H). 



ferent seasons, and requires the protection of a stove. Our draw- 
ing was made in December, 1859. 

Descr. Stem herbaceous, four-sided, and, as well as the fo- 
liage, hoary with copious short hairs. Leaves opposite, short- 
petiolate, cordato-ovate, crenato-serrate, shortly acuminate. Pe- 
duncles solitary, axillary in the upper leaves, longer than they, 
single-flowered. Flowers inclined, large. Calyx oblong; angu- 
lar, scarcely winged, downy, blunt at the base, two-lipped, up- 
per lip deeply bifid, lower lip trifid, segments acuminate. Co- 
rolla more than twice as long as the calyx, tube gibbous above. 
Corolla rich purple ; upper lip entire, lower lip three-lobed, la- 
teral lobes very deep purple, middle lobe white, with a purple 
margin. Stamens and pistil included : their structure the same 
as that in T. Asiatica. 



Fig. 1. Portion of the leaf. 2. Corolla, laid open. 3. Calyx and pistil. 
4. Pistil, with its hypogynous cup or disc : — magnified. 



J/6S 



1 | /i 







Tab. 5168. 
NARTHEX Asafcetida. 

Asafcetida. 



Nat. Ord. Umbellifer^;. — Pentandria Digynia. 

Gen. Char. Calycis margo obsoletus. Petala oblonga, apice una inflexa. Sty- 
lopodium urceolatum. Styli recurvi. Fructus a dorso plano-compressus, mar- 
gine dilatato ; mericarpia jugis primariis 5, 3 intermediis filiformibus, 2 laterali- 
bus obsoletioribus margini contiguis immersis. Viita in valleculis dorsalibus ; 
plerumque solitaries (lateralibus nunc 1-^-2 ^-vittatis) ; commissuralibus 0-6, va- 
riis. Semen complanatum. — Herba gigantea Tibetica ; radice crassa,jibris inter- 
textis rigidis coronata; caule robusto, ramoso ; foliis bipinnatis, lacbdis lineari- 
oblongis, obtusis, integerrimis v. serratis, glabris v. pubescentibus, petiolo lato, amplo, 
vaginante, injiato ; umbellis compositis ; involucris ; floribus jiavis, interdum 
unisexualibus v. sterilibns. 



Narthex Asafcetida. 

NaBTHBX Asafcetida. Falconer in Linn. Soc. Trans, v. 20. p. 285. 



A plant as rare as it is interesting, for the opportunity of 
figuring which we are indebted to Professor Balfour, who pub- 
lished the following record of its introduction and flowering in 
the Edinburgh Garden in the ' Gardeners' Chronicle ' for June 
1859, p. 487. " This season another of the Asafcetida plants, Nar- 
thex Asafcetida, raised from seeds sent home by Sir John M'Neill 
and Dr. Falconer, has produced a flowering stem. The specimen 
was planted out in front of the houses in the garden about five 
years ago. It began to show symptoms of developing a flower- 
ing stem at the end of February and beginning of March ; none 
of the large radical leaves were produced, but the flowering axis 
shot up at once from the under-ground stem. At the time when 
this took place none of the other specimens in the open ground 
of the garden had shown any leaves. Warned by the untimely 
fate of the plant last year, which was suddenly destroyed by an 
intense frost on 13th April, when the thermometer fell to 22°, 
Mr. M'Nab secured the present specimen from injury by getting 
a glazed wooden frame about eight feet high erected around it, 
and connecting it with the adjoining stove so that a moderate 
degree of heat might be supplied in the event of severe frost 

march 1st, 1860. 



occurring during the night. In this way the plant has been com- 
pletely protected from the effects both of very high wind and of 
cold. It has progressed vigorously and rapidly. On the 18th 
April its height was seven feet eight inches. This height has been 
reached in about forty-five days. The last thirty inches of growth 
have been accomplished in eleven days, i. e. from 2nd to the 1 3th 
of April. The first anther expanded at eleven a.m. on the 7th of 
April, and in the course of that day the anthers appeared by 
hundreds : the plant has flowered well, and promises to bear 
fruit. At present there are forty-five compound umbels on it, 
some of which are five or six inches across." 

The plant here figured for the first time from perfect spe- 
cimens is one of the several now known to yield the well known 
fetid gum-resin asafcetida, though whether it be, as Falconer 
supposed, A. Disgunensis, indicated by Kaempfer and figured in 
his ' Amcenitates Exotica? ' (p. 535), is still a disputed point. 
That it yields excellent asafcetida in the form of a copious milky 
juice, which is collected and exported to Europe in great abun- 
dance, is clearly made out by Dr. Falconer, who discovered it in 
western Tibet, north of Kashmire, in 1838, and sent seeds to 
the Royal Botanic Gardens of Edinburgh in 1839, where the 
plant flowered and ripened its fruit last year. 

It would be impossible to discuss here the vexed question of 
the history of the origin of all the Asafcetidas, nor would the dis- 
cussion be very profitable ; it is certain that Kaempfer had two 
plants (species or varieties) in view, from different countries, — 
that his descriptions and drawings and specimens (in the British 
Museum) do not tally, — and that though Dr. Falconer considers 
his plant one of Keempfer's, other botanists do not. Just now 
too we have received at the Museum of the Royal Gardens su- 
perb specimens of a very different gigantic Umbellifer from the 
Imperial Academy of St. Petersburg, as a true Asafcetida of com- 
merce ; it was collected by M. Borsczhow in sandy places on the 
steppes cast of the Caspian, where it attains a height of nine feet ! 
and yields abundance of excellent asafcetida. Professor Bunge has 
called this plant Scorodosma fcetidum (characterized generically 
by the absence of vittae), and M. Borsczhow, who recently visited 
this country, informs us he believes it to be the Khorassan plant 
figured by Kaempfer, and of which fruits are in the British Mu- 
seum. The same gentleman kindly informs us further, that he 
considers the Tibetan plant to be quite distinct (in which we 
entirely concur), and that the Scorodosma is probably also found 
in eastern Persia. 

Referring to our herbarium, we find various plants (varieties, 
genera, or species), all yielding the asafcetida of commerce or 
an entirely similar gum-resin -. — (1) Dr. Falconer's plant (leaves, 



fruit, and root), from Tibet. (2) A very similar one, collected by 
Drs. Falconer and Thomson in the southern damp valleys of the 
same mountain (and elsewhere in Kashmire) in whose northern 
dry valleys Falconer obtains his Nartltex, also by Dr. Thomson 
in Piti (Tibet). (3) A flowering specimen, gathered in Turkistan 
by Dr. Lord (19th April, 1838), and given to Dr. Falconer : it is 
much injured by insects. (4) Leaves and roots of a quite similar 
plant sent by Dr. Stocks, from Doobund, in Beloochistan, as, 
certainly, the Asafcetida of commerce. (5) Another similar plant 
from the banks of the Zenderad, in the Baktiyari mountains of 
Persia, collected by the late W. Loftus (June 7, 1852), of which 
excellent specimens are in the British Museum. (6) The Scoro- 
dosma of Bunge, of which we know the fruit, root, and stems, 
but have not seen leaves. Lastly, we have imperfect fragments 
of Oriental Umbellifers from Aucher-EIoi and others, which may 
belong to some of the above. 

It remains to observe that the characters upon which Narthex 
and Scorodosma have been separated from Ferula seem to us un- 
worthy of generic importance. The number and length of the 
vittaB vary extremely in the Edinburgh and native specimens. 
The habit of the species is entirely the same with that of various 
Ferulas, which themselves vary greatly in habit and vittae. We 
may add that the individual species or varieties further differ 
in the smoothness or pubescence of the leaflets, their entire or 
serrated margins, in the shape of the mericarps, and in the 
position of the smaller umbels of male flowers, which are often 
extra-alary. Plants growing in arid climates (and, like the 
Narthex, on the borders of moist ones) are eminently variable, 
both as to sensible properties, form of organs, and habit ; and 
we suspect that the discrepancies between the specimens and 
descriptions of several of the above enumerated plants (exclud- 
ing the Scorodosma) may be attributed to climate. 

We have to express our obligations to various gentlemen for 
the trouble they have taken to obtain specimens and information 
on this interesting subject, to Drs. Falconer, Balfour, Christison, 
to M. Borsczhow and Mr. Hanbury, and especially to Mr. Ben- 
nett, of the British Museum, who has further aided us in examin- 
ing the specimens ; and he considers the characters of the vittse 
of little value when unaccompanied with others of importance. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Ovary. 3. Transverse section of mericarp. 4. Ripe 
fruit {all from the Edinburgh Garden plant). 5. Fruit of native specimen, col- 
lected by Falconer. 6. Transverse section of ditto. 7. Fruit of Scorodosma 
feetidum : — all but 4, 5, and 7 magnified. 



5i69. 




WFitc&,a.d.etlith.. 



Vincent Brooks. Ii^P' 



Tab. 5169. 
SPIRAEA Nobleana, 

Mr. Noble s Spiraea. 



Nat. Ord. Rosacea.— Icosandria Di-Pentagynia. 
Gen. Char. (Fide supra, Tab. •4795.) 



Spikjea Nobleana ; frutex erectus, ramis cano-puberulis, t'oliis lineari-oblongis 
oblongo-Ianceolatisve acutis grosse subduplicato-serratis supra glabris sub- 
tus dense pubescentibus, paniculis brevibus densifloris pedicellis calycibusque 
tomerjtosis, calycis lobis patentibus tubo intus glabro, disco glandulis in- 
structo, ovariis glabris. 



In the summer of 1859, Mr. Chas. Noble sent us numerous 
fine specimens of three Spiraeas, S. callosa, 8. Douglasii, and 
the present, with the following remarks :— " The third must, I 
believe, be a hybrid between the two above named : the history 
of it is this. I had callosa and Douglasii growing side by side. 
I raised young plants from the seed of S Douglasii, supposing 
them to be true ; but their growth and flower appear to be ex- 
actly intermediate between the two ; and what appears remark- 
able is, that the whole of the bed, containing several hundreds, 
are quite the same." A careful examination of the specimens 
seemed in many respects to confirm Mr. Noble's view, the sup- 
posed hybrid having the leaves precisely intermediate, approach- 
ing Douglasii in shape and pubescence, but callosa in toothing 
and green under-surface ; the inflorescence is intermediate be- 
tween the long thyrsus of Douglasii and broad cyme of callosa. 
The calyx has the patent lobes of callosa and glabrous tube 
inside of Douglasii ; and the flowers have the evident ring of 
"lands of callosa, but the colour and stamens of Douglasii. 
On referring to our herbarium, however, we find the wild speci- 
mens from William Lobb of the supposed hybrid from the moun- 
tains of California, where S. callosa (a native of Japan) has never 
been found ; and what is more remarkable, the specimens bear 
the same number (391) as Lobb has attached to 8. Douglasii. 
The question hence arises, may not the seeds of both have 
arrived in one packet, and been sown, and their differences not 

MARCH 1ST, 1860. 



having been observed, those of the present alone may have been 
collected and raised ? The plant is, on the whole, very much 
nearer to Douglasii than to callosa, showing no approach to 
the lanceolate leaf of the latter ; and the inflorescence, though so 
much shorter than in Douglasii, is by no means cymose. Such 
are the facts of this curious case, which we must leave to the 
future to decide. We have figured these species from Mr. 
Noble's specimens, and must own that were it not for the patent 
calyx-lobes and evident series of glands, we should have regarded 
this as a variety of S. Douglasii. 

Descr. An erect shrub, intermediate in habit between fi. cal- 
losa and Douglasii. Branches and branchlets reddish, pube- 
rulous. Leaves two to five inches long, linear-oblong, acute, 
coarsely duplicato- serrate from below the middle upwards, ser- 
ratures tipped with minute glands ; upper surface deep-green, 
glabrous, under paler, densely pubescent. Inflorescence a broad, 
short, subconical thyrsus of densely-crowded flowers, very similar 
to, but rather deeper coloured than S. Douglasii. Calyx-lobes 
patent, the tube glabrous within. Disc with a series of small, 
suberect glands. Ovaries glabrous. J. D. H. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. The same, with petals and stamens removed: — both 
magnified. 



SilC, 







Tab. 5170. 

ANGRJECUM eburneum ; var. virens. 

Ivory Angrcecmn ; greenish-flowered variety. 



Nat. Ord. Orchxeje. — Gynandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4761.) 



Angr^cum eburneum; caule simplici elato, foliis coriaceis lucidis apice obliquis 
7-10-striatis, spicis multifloris elongatis secundis, labello orbiculari-cordato 
cuspidato basi jugo elevato cristatis, calcare sepalo supremo parallelo et di- 
midio longiore, ovario scabro. 

Angr;ecum eburneum. TJiouars, Orchid. Afric. t. 65. Hook. Bot. Mag. t. 4761 

{which see for synonyms and description). 
Var. 8. virens; floribus minoribus, labello cordiformi medio virescente. Angrsecum 

virens. Lindl. Bot. Reg. 1847 ; under t. 19, in Paxt. Flower Garden, v. 1. 

p. 25./. 9, 10. (Tab. Nostr. 5170.) 



This plant having blossomed in the Royal Gardens at the 
same time as, and in the same stove with, Angrcecum eburneum 
(see Tab. 4761), the differences to be seen are so trifling that we 
dare not venture to give it as a species. Indeed, Dr. Lindley, 
on first describing it from very imperfect materials, observes 
that "it is very like a small state of Angrcecum eburneum " and 
" it is published chiefly to draw attention to its locality, which 
is said to be Serampore ; but whether it is really a native of the 
continent of India, or a plant received from the old Botanical 
Garden of that settlement, as is more probable, I do not know." 
Again, in describing and figuring the A. virens in Paxton's 
' Flower Garden,' along with a very accurate figure from Bourbon 
specimens, the chief characteristic mark is made to depend upon 
colour ; " the sepals and petals and spur are greenish, and the 
lip itself, though white, is nevertheless conspicuously tinged with 
green in the middle " not however to such a degree as in the 
plant which flowered with Mr. Loddiges, and which gave rise 
to the name which this plant bears. We may then safely con- 
sider it a variety and a less beautiful form of the noble Angrce- 
cum eburneum, and further, that the statement of the plant being 
a native of Serampore originated in error. 



Fig. 1. Column and anther, — slightly magnified. 
ArRiL 1st, 1860. 



5 Hi. 




^■2*. 



:tkth.. 



"^mcerttBroal 



Tab. 5171. 
CHAMiEBATIA foliolosa. 

Leafleted Chamabatia. 



Nat. Ord. Rosacea— Icosandria Monogynia. 

Gen Char. Calycis tubus turbinato-campanulatus ; limbus persisted, laciniis 
5 esttatione valvatis. Fetala 5. Stamina numerosa plunseriata, ad Jaucem 
calycis inserta. Ovarium in fmido calycis umcum erectum, hberum : stylus ex 
apice ovarii erectus, latere interiore fere ad medmm fissus et stigmatifer. Omla 
2 erecta, anatropa. Achenium siccum, calyce inclusum. Semen umcum erec- 
turn — Frutex California*, ramosissimus ; foliis tripinnatmctis, segmentis ultimvi 
confertisnumerosiskmis; stipulis lineari-lanceolath ; floribus cymosis, albts. Torrey. 



Cham^batia foliolosa. 

Cham^batia foliolosa. Benth. Plant. Hartw. p. 308. Torrey, Plant* Fremon- 
tiance } p. 11. t. 6. 



This is certainly one of the most remarkable of Rosaceous 
plants, in its flowers resembling a shrubby Potentilla, but with 
leaves more resembling the very compound foliage of some species 
of Milfoil {Achillea). It is a native of the "higher parts of 
the Sierra Nevada, as well as the sides of the foot-hills (in great 
abundance), and the mountains of the Sacramento, in California, 
and was first discovered by Colonel Fremont, in 1844," after- 
wards gathered by Mr. Hartweg and Mr. Shelton ; and Messrs. 
Veitch and Sons, of the Exeter and Chelsea Nurseries, have the 
credit of importing living plants, sent by their collector from 
California, which there is every reason to believe will prove hardy 
in our gardens and shrubberies, and assuredly highly ornamental. 
In our figure the flowers alone are taken from dried specimens. 
The genus is allied to Cercocarpus and Purshia. 

Descr. " A shrub, growing from two to three feet high, of 
an agreeable balsamic odour, with very smooth bark, and nume- 
rous°upright branches." Leaves broad-oval or elliptic, nearly 
sessile, very closely and compactly tripinnatifid, the margin ci- 
liated \ primary lobes approximate, linear, oblong, obtuse, patent; 

MARCH 1ST, 1860. 



ultimate segments oval, acute, tipped with a glandular mucro, 
sometimes having a similar small lobe at the inferior base. Sti- 
pules minute, subulate, adnate to the short petiole. Peduncles 
terminal, on the branches cymose, glanduloso-hirsute, few-flow- 
ered, bracteated; the bractece toothed or pinnatifid. Flowers 
white, half an inch wide. Calyx quinquefid, externally glandu- 
loso-pilose; tube turbinate; segments reflexed. Petals obcor- 
date, shortly unguiculate. Stamens numerous. Ovary single, 
free, hairy, with one erect ovule ; style erect, glabrous. Stigma 
with a cleft on one side. 



Fig. ]. Portion of a leaf. 2. Flower. 3. Calvx laid open, showing the sta- 
mens and pistil. 4. Stamen. 5. Pistil. 6. Vertical section of ovary :— all 
magnified. 7. Flower-bud, — not. size. 



sm. 




ATiteh, 



Tab. 5172. 
SCHOMBURGKIA Lyonsi. 

Mr. Lyons Schomburgkia. 



Nat. Orel. Orchide.e.— Gynandria Monandria. 

Gen. Char. Sepala et petala conformia, patentia, omnino libera, basi sequalia. 
Labellum difforme, membranaceum, trilobum, semicucullatum, basi cum margme 
columns connatum, supra basin tumidum (intrusum) : venis lamellahs. tolum- 
na alata Pollinia 8.— Rhizoma repens, nudum, annulatum, pseudobulbigerum. 
Pseudobulbi magni, elongate bi-triphylli. Folia coriacea. Scapi terminates, va- 
ginati. BracteaB magna, siccce, spathacea. Flores speciosi, racemosi, congesti. 
Lindl. 



Schomburgkia Lyonsi; sepalis petalisque ovatis obtusissimis crispis, labello in- 
diviso conformi unguiculato concavo margine crassulo, costis quinque sub- 
sequalibus acutis, anthera bicornuta. Lindl, 

Schomburgkia Lyonsi. Lindl. in Gard. Chron. September 2, 1853, j?. 615. 



The spike of this Schomburgkia was sent to us by Messrs. 
Rollison and Son, of the Tooting Nurseries, in August of last 
year (1859). Dr. Lindley considers it "the prettiest of the genus." 
It is remarkable for the great length of the reflexed bracts, the 
uniformity of the sepals and petals, and the copious purple spots 
on the generally pure-white ground ; and these spots arranged in 
parallel lines. In our specimen the lip is equally white with the 
sepals and petals, and scarcely spotted at all : in the specimens 
described by Dr. Lindley from Mr. Lyons' plant, the lip was 
dull-violet, with a yellowish edge, and deep-crimson ribs. At 
the time that description was published its native country was 
not known ; but Dr. Lindley has since seen a native specimen 
in Dr. Alexander Prior's herbarium, which that gentleman had ga- 
thered from " the trunk of a tree brought down from hills in 
St. Ann's parish, Jamaica." 

Descr. The foliage of this species has not been seen by us, 
but Messrs. Rollison describe it as exactly resembling that of 
S. crispa, Brocklehurstiana, and marginata. The scape is sheathed 
with bracteas. The spike a span and more long: bracteas, the 
lower ones at least, more than three inches long, membranace- 

MARCH 1ST, 1860. 



ous, convolute, acuminate, refracted. Pedicels (with the ovary) 
of the same length as the bracts. Flowers nearly two inches 
across : sepals and petals spreading, nearly uniform, ovate or 
ovate-lanceolate, crisped, obtuse, white, prettily marked with 
lines of purple spots, leaving a broader white line down the 
centre. Lip larger than the petals, recurved, acute, and apicu- 
late, much crisped at the margin, white, scarcely spotted, the 
disc with elevated longitudinal lines or plaits. Column curved, 
bidentate. Anther-case hemispherical, with two, conspicuous, 
curved horns. 



Fig. 1. Column and anther. 2. Lip -.—magnified. 



5/73 




"WfitrlyM etath 



YmceT 1 I 



Tab. 5173. 
CENTROSTEMMA multiflorum. 

Many-flowered Centrostemma. 



Nat. Ord. Asclepiade.*:.— Pentandria Digynia. 

Gen Char. Calyx 5-partitus. Corolla 5-fida, abrupte reflexa, laciniis oblongo- 
lanceolatis, fauce annulo piloso ornata. Gynostegium inferne angustatum, sulca- 
tum corolla; faucem longe superans. Corona staminea summo gynostegio inserta, 
5-pliylla, foliolis dimidia superiori parte gynostegio adnatis stigma superantibus, 
infer in cornu calcaratum productis. Anther* parvse, membrana ovata stigmati 
adpressa terminate. Massa pollinis erectse, oblongae, basi et apice obtusrc com- 
pressa?. Stigma subdepressum, papilla acutiuscula. Styh elongati . tolliculi 
lasves oblon^i, attenuati. Semina comosa.— Frutices Moluccani, volubiles , • tolia 
opposlta, conacea; umbells interpetiolares v. terminates, pedunculate, multiflom; 
flores majusculi, pedicelUs gracilibus habituque proprio. Becawie. 



Centrostemma multiflorum; foliis oblongis vel linean-oblongis acuminatis basi 
iu petiolum attenuatis, corolla? fauce annulo barbato albo cmcta, corona? 
staminea? foliolis arcuato-recurvis acutis lobis superioribus brevionbus stig- 
ma super acutis. Becawie. 

Centrostemma multiflorum. Bene, in Ann. Sc. Nat. 1838, v. 9. p. 272, et m 
Be Cand. Prodr. v. 8. p. 634. Bl. Mus. Bot. Lugd. Bat. p. 45. 

Hoya multiflora. Bl. Cat. Hort. Buitenz. p. 49. 

Cyrtoceras reflexum. Benn. in Plant. Jav. Rar. p. 90. t. 21. 

Cyrtoceras Lindleyanum. Bene, in Be Cand. Prodr. v. 8. p. 634. 

Cyrtoceras floribundum. Maund's Botanist, v. 4. t. 178. 

Hoya coriacea. Lind. Bot. Reg. 1839, t. 18 (not BL). 



Drawn from a fine plant which flowered at Messrs. Hugh 
Low and Son's Nursery, Clapton, in July, 1859, having been 
received from Borneo. The leaves seem to be subject to a little 
variation ; those on the specimen represented by Mr. Bennett 
being longer and narrower, and especially attenuated from near 
the middle to the base : but the three figures I have quoted 
seem all to belong to one and the same species, though pub- 
lished under as many different names. Yet Decaisne records 
two supposed species, and Blume as many as four, apparently 
established on very slight grounds. The genus, itself but 

MARCH 1ST, 1860. 



slightly differing from Hoya, appears peculiar to the Malay 
Islands. 

Descr. A glabrous climber, with terete stems, and opposite, 
subcoriaceous, oval or subelliptical, penniveined leaves, shortly 
acuminated at the apex, and more or less attenuated at the base. 
Petiole short. Peduncles interpetiolary and terminal, shorter 
than the leaves, bearing a moderately spreading, many-rayed, 
slightly drooping umbel : the pedicels or rays as long as the pe- 
duncle. Calyx small, five-parted. Corolla rotate, white, deeply 
five-lobed ; lobes linear-oblong, singularly deflexed, tipped with 
buff-colour, the margins revolute. Gynostegium and folioles of 
the corona staminea as in the genus. 



Fig. 1. "Flower. 2. Folioles of the corona staminea .- — magnified. 



511L 




iel.etlith. 



"VlrucentBrGoks, faiP' 



Tab. 5174. 

VANDA suavis. 

Fragrant Vanda, 



Nat. Ord. Obchide^e. — Gynandria Monandria. 

Gen. Char. Sepala explanata, omnia ban a?qnalia et angustata, BSBpios pcta- 
toidea. Petala sepalis conformia, sa-pius ban torta. La belUt m basi saceatum 
vel calcaratum, e basi colnmna; apocbc continuum carnosum, ssepius sepalis multo 
brevius, subtrilobum aut integrum, ante calcar sncpius callosum, auriculis nanis 
v. obsoletis. Colnmna crassa, nana, libera, apoda ; clinandrin verticali. Stigma 
transversum ; rostello obtuso v. retuso. Pollinia cereacea, plano-convexa. ge- 
minata, v. 2 alte tripartita; caudicula lorata aut cuneata, pollinis longiore; glan- 
dula magna, subrotunda vel triangulari. Anihera ovata, bilocularis, valvulis' 
semiliberis. — Herbse epiphyta Asise tropica?. Folia coriacca, dkticha, apice ob- 
liqua. Flores sceptics racemosi, conspicui. Peduuculi laterales. Lindl. 



Vanda suavis; foliis loratis flaccide recurvis apice oblique dentatis, racemis 
laxis elongatis, sepalis petfdisque spatbulatis retrorsis convexis valde undu- 
latis sublobatis apice rotundatis, labello convexo trilobo lacinia media an- 
gusta alte bifida 3-costata lateralibus longis ovatis acutis patulis, auriculis 
erectis rotundatis. Lindl. 

Vanda suavis. Lindl. in Gard. Chron. 1848, p. 351. Paxtons Flower Garden, 
t. 42./. 3. Reichenb. Xenia Orchid, v. I. p. 26. t. 12. Lindl. Folia Orchid. 
part 4. p. 5 {excl. var. B flava, according to Reichenbach). 



An extremely lovely Orchideous plant, the flowers richly 
blotched and spotted with blood-purple on a pure white ground, 
so clear and distinct that they look as if they were made of 
porcelain. Dr. Lin d ley refers to it my Vanda tricolor (Bot. Mag. 
Tab. 4434) which I had taken to be the V. tricolor of Lind- 
ley, but which that author makes var. Jlava of his more beau- 
tiful V. suavis. Dr. Reichenbach, on the other hand, maintains 
that it is the true tricolor. The differences in fact are more in 
colour than in structure ; so that the description at our Tab. 4434 
may answer for the present species. Here the ground colour 
of the flower is pure china-white, the exterior spotless : the inner 
face of the sepals and petals is streaked and spotted with purple. 
The lip is deep purple in the lower half, with three white lines 
or streaks on the disk ; the rest of the lip is paler purple, the 
whole destitute of spots. The species inhabits Java, but is yet, 
we believe, rare, and much prized, as it deserves to be, in collec- 
tions. 



Fig. 1. Column and lip, magnified. 
APRIL 1st, 1860. 



5115. 




Tab. 5175. 
ASTELIA Cunninghamii. 

Allan Cunningham s Astelia. 



Nat. Ord. JuNCEiE. — Dkecia Hexandria. 

Gen. Char. Mores polygami, dioici. Perianthium subglumaceum, cnmpnnu- 
latum v. rotatum, 6-partitum. Stamina 6. Ovarium trigoniim, 1- v. 3-loculare; 
ovulis paucis v. plurimis ; stylo brevi v. sub-0 ; stigmale trilobo. Semma plu- 
rima v. pauca ; testa Crustacea, atra, nitida ; embryo brevis.— Herbae sape magnv, 
plerumque sericeee, insulis Australasia et maris Paci/ici incolentes. 



Astelia Cunninghamii; foliis elongato-subulatis utrinque sericeis, panicuhs se- 
riceo-villosis ; masc. effusis, ramis elongatis, perianthii glabrati lacinns subu- 
lato-lanceolatis, antberis late oblongis ; foem. panicula subcoarctata, ramis 
brevioribus, ovario globoso 1-loculari, placentis parietabbus, atigmate 
sili 3-lobo, bacca globosa periantbio persisteute suffulta, semimbus 6-8 
curvis teretibus atris. 

A. Curminghamii. J. Hook. Flora of New Zealand, v. 1. p. 259. 



The curious half-hardy plants, of which one sex only is figured 
here, was introduced by Dr. Sinclair, R.N., late Colonial Secre- 
tary of New Zealand, to the Royal Gardens, where it flowered 
last February. Though boasting no brilliancy of flower, this 
forms a beautiful object from the copious long bright silvery hairs 
with which all its parts are clothed. Without the female flowers 
it is almost impossible to name the New Zealand species of this 
genus accurately, but we have little hesitation in referring the 
present to A. Cunninghamii, which is common throughout the 
Northern Island, usually forming enormous masses on the 
branches of gigantic forest-trees. 

Descr. A tufted silky perennial, with long, linear-subulate, 
acuminate leaves, and large, almost woolly panicles of greenish 
flowers. Perianth, in the male plant, of six equal lobes that are 
subulate, lanceolate, and finally reflexed, silky when young, gla- 
brous when old, bearing on their bases six erect stamens, with 
short filaments and anthers. Ovary trigonous, globose, with a 
short, three-lobed stigma. 



Fig. 1. Male flower. 2. Ovary of ditto :— both magnified. 



avril 1st, 1860. 



5116. 




Witeb,dei etHtk 



YincenttSrooteJ 11 ? 



Tab. 5176. 

RICHARDIA HASTATA. 

Halhert-leaved Bichardia. 



Nat. Ord. AroidejE. — Moncecia Monandria. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 5140.) 



Richardia hastata ; foliis subflaccidis hastato-ovatis aniplis immaculatis, vcnia 
opacis, spatha viridi-lutea apice erecta intus basi atro-purpurea, petiolis 
glandulosis. 



At our Tab. 5140 we published one of two kinds of Richar- 
dia, received by Messrs. Veitch from the Cape, allied to, and yet 
very distinct from, the well-known Bichardia, or Calla, JEtlno- 
pica. Under the first of these we showed the differences be- 
tween it and B. Jfthiopica. Our present plant, from Natal, has 
been received by others, as well as by Mr. Veitch, as a " red" 
or a "^//ow-flowered Calla," but in reality the flower, or rather 
the spatha, is a greenish -yellow, with no tinge whatever approach- 
ing to red. It is indeed too closely allied to our B. albo-macu- 
lata above quoted. The spathas are rather dirty yellow-green 
instead of white, broader in the tube, and also in the limb ; the 
petioles are here glandular in their lower half; the male portion of 
the spadix is longer than the female, and the leaves are destitute 
of the peculiar white pellucid spots so characteristic of B. albo- 
maculata. But I cannot say how far these characters are con- 
stant ; if they are not, it would be better to unite the two under 
the name here given, and constitute the var. albo-maadata of the 
other. 

The present kind has proved hardy in the Messrs. Veitch's 
Nursery, at Exeter. 



Kg. ]. Column or spadix of flowers. 2. Stamen. 3. Pistil. 4. Trans- 
verse section of an ovary with two, and 5, one with three cells :— all but fig. 1 
magnified. 



APRIL 1st, 1860. 



sm. 




^fitch,afiL.ctMi. 






Tab. 5177. 

CEANOTHUS Oreganus. 

Oregon Ceanothus. 



Nat. Ord. Rhamneje. — Pentandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. (See above, Tab. 4660.) 



Ceanothus Oreganus ; fruticosa glabriuscula, foliis firmis ellipticis obtusis nunc 
basi subcordatis longiuscule petiolatis 3-nerviis junioribus subtus leniter 
pubescentibus serratis, paniculis lateralibus, ramis corymbosis thyrsoideis. 

Ceanothus Oreganus. Nutt. MSS. Torrey and Gray, Fl. N. Am. v. I. p. 205. 

Ceanothus sanguineus. Hook. Fl. Bor. Am. v. 1. p. 125 (not ofFursh, according 
to Nuttalt). 



Here is another hardy Ceanothus, allied to, but very distinct 
from, C. velutinus, figured at our Tab. 5165, recently imported to 
our gardens and shrubberies by Messrs. Veitch of the Exeter and 
Chelsea Nurseries, from the Oregon territory, through their col- 
lector, Mr. William Lobb. It was first detected by Douglas in 
woods of the Oregon, frequent from the Blue Mountains to the 
sea ; found there also by Nutt all and Tolmie, and Dr. Scouler. 
I had mistaken it, in my Fl. Bor. Am., for the C. sanguineus of 
Pursh, an indifferently described plant, and a native, it appears, 
of more southern latitudes, near the Rocky Mountains, on the 
banks of the Missouri, and which is said to resemble considerably 
the C. Americanus. C. Oregaims flowers in May, and bears co- 
pious lateral panicles, which are entirely white. 

Descr. A shrub, four to twelve feet high, with branches gla- 
brous, much tinged with red on one side. Leaves alternate, 
firm, subcoriaceo-membranaceous, two to two and a half inches 
long, petiolate, elliptical, obtuse, three-nerved, rarely subcordate 
at the base, serrated at the margin, paler beneath, where the 
young leaves are slightly pubescent. Petioles half to three- 
quarters of an inch long, pale green, with a pair of deciduous 
stipules at the base. Panicles axillary, often appearing quite 
lateral from the deciduous leaves ; their branches form dense 

APRIL 1st, 1860. 



corymbs, and the collected corymbs a compact thyrsus, three to 
four inches long, of numerous, white, rather long-pedicelled 
flowers. Calyx with five segments inflexed upon the ovary, 
between which the spreading, spathulate, long-clawed petals, with 
the laminae very concave and emarginate, are protruded. Ovary 
depressed, half-sunk in a glandular disk or ring. Style short, 
with three branches, each crowned with a capitate stigma. 



"Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Pistil and glandular ring -.—magnified. 



5418. 




Tab. 5178. 

AZARA Gilliesii. 

Dr. Gillies' Azara. 



Nat. Ord. BixiNEiE. — Polyandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx 4-6-partitus, laciniis sestivatione imbricatis. Pelala nulla. 
Stamina numerosa, calycis fundo inserta. Filamenta filiformia. Anthera didynio- 
globosee, biloculares, latere dehiscentes. Ovarium superum unilocularo. Stylus 
simplex. Stigma qbtusum. Bacca coriacea* stylo apiculata, unilocularis poly- 
sperma. Semina subrotunda, placentis tribus parietalibus horizontaliter affixa. — 
Frutices Chilenses. Folia gemina, inaqualia. Pcepp. et Endl. 



Azara (§ Almeja) Gilliesii ; foliis geminis longe petiolatis majoribus elliptico- 
ovatis coriaceis rigidis remote spinoso-serratis minoribus rotundatis ssepissime 
deciduis, pedunculis axillaribus solitariis petiolo brevioribus, floribus densis 
capitato-racemosis, calycibus 4-5-fidis intus dense barbatis ad basin glan- 
dulis 4. 

Azara Gilliesii. Hook, et Am. Bot. Misc. v. 3. p. 144. Gay, Fl. Chil. v. 1. p. 193. 
A. intermedia, ejusd. p. 195. 



The handsomest perhaps of all the species of Azara, a genus 
of shrubs peculiar to Chili, and remarkable for haying in the 
normal state geminate leaves, extremely unequal in size, the 
lesser one stipuliforra. Our living plant of this species, however, 
does not exhibit, nor do some of our native specimens, these 
stipulary leaves: others are furnished with them. The leaves 
have the colour and texture of the Holly, and like them are 
evergreen ; the flowers are minute, but collected into oblong or 
elliptical heads, resembling golden catkins, from the numerous 
rich orange-coloured stamens. The species was many years ago 
communicated to us from Chili by the late Dr. Gillies, and we 
further possess specimens from Bridges, gathered at Valparaiso 
and Quillota, and from the Cordillera of St. Iago, gathered by 
M. Ph. Germain. Seeds were received at the Royal Gardens 
from Mr. Bridges, and plants have for some time flowered with 
us in the winter months, and from one of these our figure is 
made. With us it is kept in a cool greenhouse, but it is quite 
likely it will bear the open air in a sheltered situation in the mid- 
dle, especially the south, of England. 

APRIL 1st, 1860. 



Descr. A shrub, said to attain a height of ten to fifteen feet 
in its native country, with terete, suberect, glabrous branches, 
richly tinged with red. Leaves of two kinds on some specimens,' 
in pairs, long-petiolate, the larger ones two and a half to three 
inches long, broad-ovate elliptical subtruncate at the base, acute, 
dark glossy-green, with strong, distant, subspinose serratures ; 
petioles half to three-quarters of an inch long, red ; the smaller 
leaves nearly orbicular. Peduncles solitary, axillary, shorter 
than the pedicels. Flowers small, numerous in very dense, 
amentiform, elliptical heads. Bachis stout, fleshy, to which the 
short pedicels are attached. Flowers dioecious ? or polygamous. 
Calyx four- or five-cleft, woolly within, and having four con- 
spicuous fleshy glands. Corolla none. Stamens numerous. 
Filaments long, and, as well as the anthers, golden-orange. 
Ovary oblong, one-celled, with two or three parietal receptacles. 
Style slightly tapering. Stigma minute. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Calyx, showing the four glands and pistil (abortive?). 
3. Section of a flower. 4. Anther. 5. Gland. 6, 7. Ovaries, cut through 
transversely : — magnified. 



J J 79. 




Tab. 5179 
GRAMMATOPHYLLUM Ellisii. 

Mr. Ellis s Grammatophyllum. 



Nat. Ord. ORcniDACEiE. — Gynandria Monandria. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 5157.) 



Grammatophyllum Ellisii; pseudobulbis angulatis clavato-fusiformibus poly- 
phyliis, foliis lato-loratis recurvis ba3i canaliculars, racemo multifioro re- 
curvo, sepalis patentibus acutis lateralibus gibbosis, pelalis duplo breviori- 
bus oblongis obtusis erectis apice revolutis, labello petalis aequali raobili 
basi sacculato trilobo jugo medio elevato ultra isthmum 3-lamellato lineis- 
que 3 elevatis arcuatis utrinque, lobo medio ovato acuto lateralibus brevibus 
subfalcatis, anthera tuberculo pedicellato cristata. Lindl. 

Grammatophyllum Ellisii. Lindl. MS. 



The Rev. William Ellis, in a letter addressed to Dr. Lindley, 
from Hoddesdon, dated August 23rd, 1859, writes: — "Among 
the plants which I brought from Madagascar was a large-bulbed 
plant, something like Anguloa Clowesiana, only the bulbs are 
square instead of being round. I found it growing on a branch 
of a tree about the size of a man's leg, and stretching over a 
river at about twenty-five feet above the water. The roots were 
abundant, but short, white, fleshy, and matted together, a little 
larger than the roots of Anselia Africana. The bulbs were 
seven or eight inches long, and one and a quarter inch square, 
but last year it made a bulb eleven inches long and nearly two 
inches wide on each of the four sides. The leaves are one and 
a half to two feet long, about the size, but not so curved as 
those of Angracum sesquipedale, and less fleshy than the A. ebur- 
neum, but, like all the Angrsecums, growing on opposite sides of 
the crown of the bulb : each bulb has five or six leaves. The 
flower-spike, as in the case of the Anguloa, comes up with the 
young growth, and this year two young bulbs were accompanied 
by a flower-spike ; each one damped off, but the other reached 
about two feet in length, and at the end furthest from the bulb 
bore between thirty and forty flowers. The flowers began to 
open three weeks ago, and as they opened slowly, I thought it 
would last longer, but on my return on Saturday from the coun- 
try I found the flowers fading rapidly. I have therefore cut the 

may 1st, 1860. 



spike, and send it to you ; some of the flowers are, I hope, yet 
in a state of sufficient preservation to enable you to determine 
its species. Mrs. Ellis has also made a coloured drawing of 
some of the flowers, and a sketch of the whole plant." Such is 
the first notice of this fine plant on its blossoming in Mr. Ellis's 
Orchideous house ; and from the spike there mentioned, aided by 
the very beautiful drawing of Mrs. Ellis, the accompanying plate 
has been executed ; the dissections are by Mrs. Crease ; and I 
am indebted to Dr. Lindley for the specific name and character 
and the following remarks : — 

" The genus Grammatophyllum is so nearly allied to Cymbi- 
dium that the two may possibly be united hereafter. They differ, 
however, first, in the presence of a sac at the base of both the 
column and lip ; and, secondly, usually in the pollen-masses of 
Grammatophyllum being attached towards each extremity of a 
lunate gland. The first of these characters is the more impor- 
tant ; the second can only be regarded as subordinate. It is in 
the first that the plant before us corresponds with Grammato- 
phyllum ; in the second it approaches Cymbidium. As to habit, 
the first of these two genera includes very dissimilar plants; 
G. spetiomm (see our Tab. 5157) being caulescent, this and G. 
muliijlorum being pseudobulbous ; a circumstance exactly analo- 
gous to what occurs in the great genera Dendrobimn, Epiden- 
drum, Oncidium, etc. 

As a species, G. Ellisii is very distinctly characterized by its 
broad leaves, short petals, gibbous lateral sepals, and smooth lip, 
which has one stout median rib, separating at the isthmus into 
three short slender ridges. The anther is moreover crested with 
a small pedicellate tubercle. 



Fig. 1, 2. Oblique and front view of -a flower, with the sepals removed. 3. 
Labellum, laid open -.—tint. size. 4. Front view of the column. 5. Pollen- 
masses (one cut through transversely) : — magnified. 



5M0. 




Vi. h^M.xAMb. 



Tab. 5180. 

COCOS PLUMOSA. 

Feathery-flowered Cocoa-nut. 



Nat. Ord. Palm.e. — Moncecia Hexandria. 

Gen. Char, (essentia lix). Monoica in codem spadice. Spatha simplex. Flores 
sessiles, bracteolati. Masc. : Calyx triphyBu*. Corolla tripctala. Slanuna 6. 
Rudimentum pidUU. Rm.: Cahjx triphvllns et corolla 3-prtala, oonvoluta. 
( Iranian triloculare. Stigmata tria scssilia. Drxpa monospcrma, putainme basi 
triporo. Embryo in albuniine cavo, intra porum basilaris. Mart. 



Cocos plumosa* Hook. ; elata ; caudice 30-40-pedali et ultra crassmsculo cylm- 
draceo annuloso-articulato, articulis pcdalibus et ultra, frondibus 12-14- 
pedalibus, pinnis sesquipedalibus solitariis vel 2-4-aggregatis lmeanbus 
acuminatis apicibus deflexis, petiolis inermibus basi dilatata amplexante 
fimbriato-fibrosa, spatha bi-tripedali fusiformi sublignoso, spadicis ramis 
longis pendentibus, rloribus copiosis sessilibus. 



This truly noble Palm, long cultivated at Kew, produced its 
blossoms in the summer and autumn of 1859, probably for 
the first time in Europe, and was received many years ago 
from Messrs. Loddiges as a Brazilian species to which Von Mar- 
tina had given the name of Cocos coronata, equally a native of 
Brazil, but whose character assuredly does not accord with the 
specific character given by Martius of that Palm : for we do 
not find the base of the petiole " spinescent " at the margin, 
nor does the caudex at the setting on of the persistent petioles 
become " crasso-capitate," nor are the branches of the spadix 
" erect," but singularly and gracefully drooping. Nor does it 
accord with any other described species of the genus ; so that I 
am compelled, as it were, against my will, to give it a new name, 
and to notice it as a new species, to which I give an appellation 
characteristic of the beautiful and elegant branches of the pa- 

Descr. The Palm, now under consideration, forms a striking 
feature in the Palm-stove of the Royal Gardens, where it has, 
including its crown of leaves, attained a height of between fifty 
and sixty feet. The caudex, or trunk, forms a graceful erect 

* Cocos plumosa of Lodd. Cat. (without character or description). C. comosa, 

Mart. 

may 1st, 1860. 



column of about forty feet high, and ten to twelve inches in dia- 
meter, more slender upwards, jointed as it were with annular 
scars of the fallen leaf-stalks ; these rings are a foot to fourteen 
inches apart. Crown of leaves or fronds extremely beautiful • 
each leaf is twelve to fifteen feet, petiolate, lanceolate, pinnate, re- 
curved; pinnae numerous on the rachis, solitary, or more usually 
two to four aggregated, springing from near each other. Petiole 
subtnangular at the base, very much dilated, of a greyish-brown 
colour, keeled, at the margin fimbriatedly fibrous, amplexicaul. 
Spadioc axillary; two spadices during the autumn arose from 
axils of the leaf-stalks, substipitate, two and a half to three feet 
long ligneous at first, at length bursting open laterally, concave 
and fusiform, almost woody, very erect, rigid, firm, dark dirty- 
green externally, within tawny, acute and apiculated. As this 
spatha bursts longitudinally on one side, the spadix emerges. 
I his is nearly as long as the spatha, and clothed with numerous, 
long, gracefully drooping, wax-like branches, loaded with flowers 
of two kinds, which are sessile on the branches : some female, 
but mostly male. Flowers in bud conical: the sepals com- 
pactly imbricated. Sepals six, three outer (calyx), three inner 
(petals) ovate, concave, moderately patent, with minute bracteas 
at the base. Male flowers with six, oblong, yellow anthers on 
short filaments. Female with a short downy ovary, crowned 
with three stigmas. Fruit a dull orange-flowered apiculated 
drupe, about the size of an acorn of the English Oak. 



Fig. 1. Flowering specimen of Cocos plumma, Hook.,— greatly reduced. 2. 
Spatha and spad.x of flowers, also much reduced. 3. Portion of a drooping 
Kowermg branch - na t. size. 4. Male flower,— magnified. 5. Female flower on- 

expanded. 6. Pistil from the female flower,— magnified. 7. Drupe ,—nat. size. 



J 



5181. 




WH&^dd.ctliEh, 



"?incent Brodks ; Imp • 



Tab. 5181. 

CALLIANDRA h^matocephala, 

Bed-headed Calliandra. 



Nat. Ord. Leguminos*:. — Polygamia Polyandria. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4238.) 



Calliandra Aamatocephala ; frutex, stipulis e basi lata acuminatis nunc sub- 
falcatis adpressis persistentibus, pinnis unijugis, foliolis 7-10-jugis oblongo- 
lanceolatis acuminatis basi imequilateris subcordatis binerviis accrescentibus, 
pedunculis petiolo corarauni longioribus folio multo brevioribus, floribus 
dense sanguineis, calyce corolla? quartam partem longo, legumine subfalcato 
recto e basi angustissima sensira apicem versus dilatato glaberrimo nitidis- 
simo, valvis subcoriaceis, seminibus 4-5. Hassk. 

Calliandra ha>niatocephala. Hassk. in Retz. v. 1. pp. 216, 144. Walp. Ann. 
v. 4>.p. 654. Hassk. Hort. Bogor. v. I. p. 260. 

Inga haematoxylon. Hort. Calcutt. 



A most lovely shrub with us, but eventually forming a tree 
thirty to forty feet high, according to Hasskarl, the native country 
of which does not appear to be known. We have specimens in 
our herbarium from the Calcutta Botanical Garden, with the un- 
published name of Inga liannatoxylon . Hasskarl received it at the 
Botanic Garden of Buitenzorg from the same source and under 
the same name ; and has rightly referred it to the genus Cal- 
liandra. It has been sent to the Botanic Gardens of Kew, by 
Mr. Duncan, from the Mauritius Garden, in 1857, and pro- 
duced its lovely heads of flowers, for the first time in the stove, 
in February, 1860. Hasskarl speaks of its affinity with C. ma- 
crophylla and C. nitida, and still more with C. Surinamensis, 
Benth., which differs in the pubescent branches and petioles, 
and in the more obtuse and smaller leaflets. 

Descr. Shrub, with glabrous, terete, green branches, and 
copious petiolate unijugate leaves: each pinna is about five 
inches long and pari-pinnulate, with seven to ten pairs of oppo- 
site pinnules, the lowest and shortest an inch long, gradually 
enlarging upwards to one and a half inch long, all of them more 

MAY 1st, 1860. 



or less spreading, oblong-lanceolate, scarcely acuminate, two- 
nerved, the base unequally sided ; some of them, especially the 
superior ones, slightly falcate. Stipules small, green, from a 
broad base subulate. Petioles about an inch long. Peduncles 
as long as the petioles, bearing a capitulum of small flowers, of 
which the calyx and corolla are almost concealed by the quantity 
of rich coloured filaments of the stamens, which radiate from a 
centre and form a ball of scarlet threads. Calyx minute, five- 
lobed. Corolla small, infundibuliform. Stamens united into 
four bundles. Anthers minute, abortive. Ovary oblong. Style 
a little longer than the stamens. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Portion of a bundle of stamens. 3. Pistil -.—magnified. 



5iS%. 




Tab. 5182. 

BEGONIA Bowringiana. 

Bowring's Begonia. 



Nat. Ord. Begoniace.*:. — Moncecia Polyandria. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4172.) 



Begonia (Diplochonium) Bowringianum ; caule herbaceo erecto ramoso, foliis 
late inaequaliter cordatis inaequaliter irregulariter 5-7-lobis, lobis latis bre- 
vibus acutis dentatis lobatisve supra hispidulis subtus ramulisque novellis 
rufo-lanatis, pedunculis folio brevioribus paucifloris, capsulae alis 2 angustis 
tertia elongata. Benth. 

Begonia Bowringiana. Champ, in Benth. Florul. Hongk. Kew Gard. Misc. v 4 
p. 120. 



The present species of Begonia is very deficient in brightness, 
as compared with many of the species with richly-coloured fo- 
liage, which are such favourites with cultivators of stove plants 
of the present day ; and yet it is so nearly allied to a very hand- 
some species, namely the B. laciniata, Roxb. and of this work 
(Tab. 5021), that I was at first disposed to believe the two were 
specifically identical. The latter-mentioned Begonia is, however, 
remarkable for the variegated foliage, both on the upper and 
under side, the larger white petals, with the outer sepals rufo- 
tomentose, the peduncles longer than the leaves, bearing more 
numerous flowers, and the very hispid fruit. The present is the 
only species of the genus yet detected in Hongkong, where it 
was discovered by the late Colonel Champion ; and seeds were 
sent to us by Mr. Wilford in 1858. 

Descr. Rhizome " thick fleshy ;" the stem short, nearly as 
thick as one's finger, flexuose, jointed, tinged with red, slightly 
woolly, swollen at the joints. Leaves rather large, six to ten 
inches long, four to six inches broad, very unequally cordate, 
petiolate, green, and slightly hairy above, dull rufous and some- 
what woolly beneath, the pubescence deciduous, the margin very 
irregularly cut into acute or acuminated lobes, and, besides, un- 
equally serrated : petioles longer than the leaves, terete, thick, 
woolly, especially on the anterior side below the blade. Stipules 
large, membranaceous, reddish, cordato-ovate, acuminate. Pe- 
duncles much shorter than the petioles, axillary, reddish, woolly, 
bearing three or four flowers, of which the majority are male. 
may 1st, i860. 



Bracteas resembling the stipules. Perianth pale rose-colour. 
Male flower large ; sepals four, two large and broad, two (oppo- 
site ones) oblong and narrow, all spreading and subtomentose at 
the back. Female flowers smaller than the male, of five, spread- 
ing, equal, obovate sepals. Fruit villous, at length glabrous, 
with two short and one very long, oblong, deflexed, striated 
wings. 



Pig. 1. Stamen, magnified. 2. Female flower, nat. size. 3. Fruit, ditto. 4. 
Transverse section of the capsule, ditto. 



5463 







Tab. 5183. 
PTERIS quadriaurita ; cum vars. 

Tour-eared Brake ; with vars. 



Nat. Ord. Pilices.— Cryptogamia Filices. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 3247.) 



Pteris (\ Eupteris) quadriaurita; caudicebrevi repente, frondibus ovatis ovato- 
cordLisve P acuminatis s^pe amplis subcoriaceo-membranacos pmnatis 
ninnis 5-21 magisve sffipe oppositis laticeolat 1S profunde fere tA racnin 
p nuatifidis, rachide supra sphmlosa, segmentis oblongis obtusu subniteger- 
E terminal! elongate, pinnis infimis (rarius plunbus) bipartite quan- 
doquidem latere inferiori itemm pitmatis, venis furcatu, shpitibus elongate 
stramineis fuscisve bevibus v. scabnusculis. 

Pteris quadriaurita. Betz, Obs. v. 6. p. 38. Willi. Sp. ^-P-JJ\. 4- f- 
GenPterid.p. 24. Hook. Sp. Fil. v. 2. p. 179. t. 134 B. {winch see for 
copious synonyms and remarks). 

Var. argyrcea ; viridis, linea lata centrali alba. 

Pteris (Pyrophylla) argyraa. T. Moore in Gard. Chron. Aug. 1859, p. 671. 

Var. tricolor; iuteuse purpurea denmm viridis, liuea lata centrali alba vel rosea, 
rachibus costisque rubris. 

Pteris tricolor. Linden in Gard. Chron. Feb. I860,*. 123. T. Moore in Gard. 
Chron. March I860,*. 217. 



Pteris quadriaurita of Retz, the species here figured is one of 
the most common of tropical Ferns, in Asia, Africa, and America, 
Pacific Islands, etc., and two very interesting varieties ; arising 
from the peculiar colouring of the foliage have been la * intro- 
duced to our Ferneries by Mr. Linden, of both of whi#i we have 
here given as much as can be fairly represented in so smaU a 
plate One has the ordinary green colour of Pteris quadri- 
aurita, except that a broad white line runs through the centre of 
all the pinnae This Mr. T. Moore raises to the rank of a species, 
under the name of Pteris argyrcea. Of it we possess native | spe- 
cimens in our herbarium from Nilghin, gathered by Mr.M'Ivor 
(his n 22) : from Moulmein, communicated by the Rev. L. S. 
P Parish (his n. 141), and we have beautiful living plants from 
Messrs Veitch. The other, and infinitely the most beautiful, is 



MAY 1st, 1860. 



of a deep rich brown-purple colour, with a similar central broad 
line or band to the one just mentioned, but instead of being white 
is of a rich rose-colour. This is the only state in which I have 
myself seen this variety, and such as is here figured, from a re- 
cent specimen sent to me by Mr. Linden : but this colour under- 
goes a change. It would appear that " the fronds are of a beau- 
tiful red colour, and when fully developed a rich deep-green, with 
attractive silvery markings along the sides of the midribs, which 
are red." 

The Pteris aspericaulis of Wallich, a name which has been 
given to this in some gardens, is a very trifling var. of P. qua- 
driaurita, with a rough surface to the stipites, a character not 
apparent in any specimens of the coloured varieties, though as 
likely to be found in them as in the ordinary green state of the 
plant. No species can be more variable in size than this, from 
five or six inches to three feet in length. 



Our Plate represents a small specimen of P. quadriaurita, var. arayraa, and 
• young one of var. tricolor. Fig. 1. A lateral fertile pinna of the green or or- 
dinary state :~all not. *w. 2. Portion of a fertile segment .-magnified. 



548A 




Tab. 5184. 

PHALENOPSIS GRANDIFLORA. 

Large-flowered Indian Butterfly-plant. 



Nat. Ord. Orchide^e. — Gynandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 4297.) 



Phalenopsis grandiflora ; foliis longis, sepalis lateralibus internum phyllum su- 
premum non tegentibus apice mucronatis, labello phyllis lateralibus extends 
multo breviori, lobo medio lineari-bastato, lobis lateralibus oblique cuneatis 
obtusangulis, cirrhis flavis. Lindl. 

Phalenopsis grandiflora. Lindl. in Gard. Cliron. 1848, p. 39, with a woodcut 
of the flower. Walp. Ann. Bot. v. 3. p. 561. 



Dr. Lindley first distinguished this as a species from the well- 
known and universal favourite, Phalenopsis amabilis, in the 
' Gardeners' Chronicle/ above quoted, and we cannot do better 
than transcribe his remarks thereupon: — "A small plant of this 
noble epiphyte was exhibited on the 7th of September, last year 
(1847), before the Horticultural Society, by J. H. Schroder, Esq., 
• of Stratford Green, when it received the silver Banksian medal. 
It was not supposed at that time to be a distinct species from 
the Phalenopsis amabilis, but was regarded merely as a fine 
variety. Upon a comparison of it with the Manilla species, it 
proves however to possess so many points of difference, that no 
doubt can be entertained of its being really distinct. Its flowers 
are four times as large, the petals do not overlap the back sepal, 
nor have they the small point which is invariably present in Pha- 
lenopsis amabilis ; the lip is very narrow, much shorter than the 
lanceolate sepals, and its chief lateral lobes are somewhat wedge- 
shaped, with the angles rounded off. The distribution of colour, 
too, is different; there is a large stain of deep yellow on the 
front edge of the chief lateral lobes of the lip, and the cirrhi are 
yellow, not white." 

Such are the distinguishing characters given by the botanist 
who has made the Orchideous plants almost the study of his life, 

JUNE 1st, 1860. 



— to which he adds, in the specific definition, " the longer leaves 
nmcronated at the point." Whether these marks are perma- 
nent or not, the Plialcenopsis grandijlora is eminently deserving 
of a figure in the pages of this Magazine, the more so as no co- 
loured figure of it has yet been published. It is a native of 
Java, and said to have been introduced to Europe by Messrs. 
Veitch and Sons, of the Nurseries, Exeter and Chelsea. Our 
figure is taken from a fine flowering specimen in the Royal Gar- 
dens of Kew. 



Fig. I. Lip, — magnified. 



51S5. 




HCfitciM 



i-jlmp 



Tab. 5185. 

SCUTELLARIA incarnata, var. Trianai. 
Flesh-coloured Skull-cap, var. Trianai. 



Nat. Ord. Labiate. — Didynamia Gymnospkhmia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4268.) 



Scutellaria Ventenatii ; perennis erecta ramosa, ramis obtuse tetragonis, foliis 
sublonge petiolatis crassiusculis ovato-lanceolatis acutis grosse serratis pen- 
ninerviis vix reticulatis atro-viridibus, racemis terminalibus elongatis sub- 
secundis, bracteis valde deciduis, calyce parvo, corollis elongatis incarnatis 
calyce multoties longioribus, labio superiore quadrilobo. 

Scutellaria incarnata. Vent. Choix des PL t. 29 : upper figure. Benth. Lab. 
p. 429. Be Cand. Prodr. v. 12. p. 416. Hook. Bot. Mag. t. 4268. 

(3. Trianai, foliis minoribus, floribus intense roseo-coccineis. 

Scutellaria Trianai. Planch, et Lind. in Lind. Cat. for 1855, «. 10.;?. 6. 



The red-flowered Scutellaria recommend themselves to cul- 
tivation by their beauty, and they are, I believe, chiefly natives 
of tropical America. Some are already in cultivation in our 
stoves, and greatly admired from the rich colour of their co- 
rollas. The present species has been introduced to our collec- 
tions from Bogota, and circulated under the name of S. Trianai 
of Klotzsch and Linden, and under that name is mentioned in 
Linden's Catalogue, but unfortunately without any specific cha- 
racter. We fear, however, it is merely a highly coloured variety 
of 8. incarnata, Vent., and of this work, Tab. 4268 ; and that, 
Mr. Bentham, whose knowledge of the extensive family of Labi- 
ates entitles his opinion to great respect, believes may not be truly 
distinct from S. Ventenatii (Bot. Mag., Tab. 4271) ; and his own 
S. Hartwegi he thinks may be the same also. 

The present variety chiefly differs from S. incarnata in the 
smaller glabrous foliage, and the much richer rose-scarlet of the 
corollas. It flowers in the spring in the stoves of the Royal Gar- 
dens of Kew. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Corolla, laid open. 3. Calyx, including the pistil. 4. 
Ovary, on its large receptacle (or gynopbore), with part of the style : — magnified. 

june 1st, 1860. 



5iS6. 




&ncc 



Tab. 5186. 

chysis bractescens. 

Bracteated Chysis. 

Nat. Ord. ORCHiDEiE. — Gynandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Sepala paulo connata; laterali pedi producto columnae adnato et 
calcar simulantia. Petala sepala conformia. Labellum trilobum, patulum, venis 
basi callosis. Columna raarginata, canaliculata, mutica. Anthera subrotunda, 
opercularis, glabra. Pollinia 8, in laminam luteam semifusa ; quatuor exteriori- 
bus teauibus, quatuor interiora crassiora abscondentibus. Rostellum lamiuatum, 
convexum. — Herbae epiphytce, occidentales ab arboribus pendula ; caulibus Cyrto- 
podii depauperatis ; foliis nervosis, basi vaginantibus ; racemis lateralibus mullifloris. 
Lindl. 



Chysis bractescens ; bracteis cucullatis venosis foliaceis ovario longioribus, sepa- 
lis petalisque ovatis obtusis, labelli lobis lateralibus obtusis interraedio mi- 
nore carnoso bilobo hypochilio plicato, lamellis 5 carnosis subsequalibus pa- 
rallelis basi pubescentibus, columna latissima carnosa cymbiformi antice 
pubeacente. Lindl. 

Chysis bractescens. Lindl. Bot. Reg. 1840; Misc. n. 131; et 1841, t. 23. 



Chysis bractescens is a Mexican plant introduced by Mr. 
George Baker, with whom it blossomed in 1840. So many 
intermediate forms exist between this and the original C. aurea, 
on which the genus was founded, that we cannot but question 
if the two are really distinct. The main character of this is 
made to depend on the " large, white, not yellow, flowers, and 
the great leafy bracts " of the plant now figured, whence too 
the specific name ; but the bracts are certainly variable in diffe- 
rent individuals, and the colour of the sepals and petals no less 
so. Our C. bractescens has the flowers much larger and of a 
purer white than Dr. Lindley's figure represents, but the label- 
lum is more yellow than his figure exhibits them ; and we have 
given a figure of a very deeply coloured C. aurea at our Tab. 
4576, of which we were uncertain whether it should be referred 
to that or to the present species. Our very noble specimen here 
figured was drawn from a plant in the Royal Gardens of Kew, 
in 1847. 



Fig. 1. Front view of the labellum. 2. Column. 3. Pollen-masses: — mag- 
nified. 

june 1st, 1860. 




focexiL Brooks,!^ 



Tab. 5187. 

AMORPHOPHALLLUS dubius. 

Smooth-headed Amorphophallus. 



Nat. Ord. Aroide;e. — Moncecia Monandria. 

Gen. Char. Spatha basi convoluta ; limbo piano, patente. Spadix inferne 
continuo androgynus, genitalibus rudimentalibus nullis, appendice sterili elon- 
gata laevigata v. depresso-dilatata granuloso-verrucosa. Anthera; distinctae, Jila- 
mento brevissimo, loculis duobus oppositis, apice poro duplici dehiscentes. Ovaria 
plurima libera, bi-tri-quadrilocularia. Ovula in loculis solitaria, basilaria, ana- 
tropa. Stylus distinctus v. nullus. Stigma capitatum, indivisum vel emarginato- 
aut depresso-lobatum. Baccee mono-oligospermee. Semina albuminosa(?). Em- 
bryo (?). — Herbse Indices; tubere radicali, carnoso ; scapo radicali, brevi ; foliis 
serotinis, subsolitariis, bipinnatifido-decompositis. Endl. 



Amorphophallus dubius ; spathse lato-infundibuliformis limbo subpatente ob- 
hquo acutiusculo undulato-crispato, spadice subcylindraceo infra apicem 
dilatato, appendice conico-rotundato lsevi. 

Amorphophallus dubius. Blume, Rumph. v. \.p. 142. Schott, Synops. Aroid. 
p. 38. 

Dracontium Zeylanicum ramoso folio caule ex viridi et flavo variegato aspero. 
Herm. Farad. Bat. p. 89. 

Schena. Hort. Malab.p. 35. f. 18. 



This is a very singular Aroideous plant, which we owe to our 
friend Mr. Thwaites, who sent the tubers from Ceylon. It 
will be at once seen that in all essential generic characters it ac- 
cords with the still more remarkable species of this family which 
we published under the name of Arum campanulatum, at Tab. 
2812 of this work, now Amorphophallus campanulatus, Bl. As 
a species, our present plant is abundantly different ; (1) in size, 
for our figure of A. campanulatus, though reduced to one-fourth 
its natural size, greatly exceeds the natural size of this ; (2) the 
floral portion of the spadix is here broad spindle-shaped, there 
singularly dilated upwards ; and (3) the terminal appendage, 
there forming an enormous wrinkled expansion, is here conico- 
globose, quite smooth and even on the surface. A second species 
of this genus (for all of the others attributed to it now belong to 
Conophattus, Bl.) is derived from Rheede, in Hort. Malabaricus, 
above quoted, which agrees well enough with our plant to justify 
june 1st, 1860. 



me in considering it the same, A. dubius, Bl. : and that is also 
a- native of Ceylon. Our plant flowered in a warm stove in 
June 1858, and gave out so abominable a stench as almost to 
render the atmosphere of it insupportable. 

Descu. From a rounded depressed tuber, about four to five 
inches in diameter, the flowering portion first arises. A very 
short stem or scape, bearing four to five membranaceous, green- 
ish-brown bracts, is terminated by a somewhat funnel-shaped 
spatha, six inches long and four wide at the oblique mouth, 
green, clouded with dull-purple, the limb somewhat expanded, 
undulato-crispate, subacute. Spadix two 'and a half inches long 
(not including the terminal appendage), subcylindrical, but a 
little dilated below the apex, the greater portion densely covered 
with oblong yellow anthers, opening by two pores, and one-third 
of the base with globose ovaries, bearing a long style and a peltate 
subplieate stigma. Terminal appendage (or flowerless portion of 
the spadix) twice as broad as the spadix, conico-subrotund, of a 
reddish-brown colour, quite smooth on the surface. The flower 
is succeeded by a large petioled compound solitary leaf, exactly, 
except that it is smalller, like that described under A. campanu- 
latus above quoted. 



Fig. 1 Flower plant,— nat. size. 2. Spadix, ditto. 3,4. Anthers. 5. Section 
of an anther. 6. Pistil. 7. Section of ovary -.—magnified. 8. Leaf —very much 



SiSS. 




Tab. 5188. 
TRADESCANTIA Warszewicziana. 

Warszewiczs Spider wort. 



Nat. Ord. Commelyne.e.— Hexandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Flores regulares. Sepala 6, libera, patejitia; tria exteriora navi- 
cularia, persistentia ; tria interiora majora, petaloidea, breviter unguiculata, mar- 
cescendo persistentia. Stamina 6, subhypogyna, omnia fertilia. Tilamnila li- 
bera, plerumque barbata. Antherce conformes ; loculis reniformibus, connective 
varia forma distinctis, interdum tres sepalis exterioribus opposite robustiores, 
loculis replicatis extrorsse filamentisque brevioribus sustentatse. Ovarium sessile, 
triloculare; ovula in loculis 2, super posita. Stylus 1. Stigma simplex, obtu- 
sura, infundibulare vel peltato-ampliatum. Capsula trilocularis, trivalvis, valvis 
medio septiferis. Semina bina, superposita, angulata.— Herba? Americana, erecta 
vel diffusa, scepe repentes. Folia indivisa. Vagina? integm. Pedunculi axillarex 
et terminates, solitarii, gemini vel plures, apice umbellatQ-pauci-multiflori, sape 
brevissimi, subnulli, folioaue duplici, bwolucrati. Kth. 



Tradescantia Warszewicziana; caule robusto erecto subarborescente dicho- 
tomo, ramis dense foliosis, foliis lato-lauceolatis acurainatis striatis basi vagi- 
natis, pedunculis axillaribus foliis multo longioribus subpaniculatim ramosis 
ramis bracteatis, floribus bracteatis in racemis secundis scorpioideis disposi- 
tis, sepalis petalisque lilacinis, staminibus conformibus, filamentis imberbibus, 
stigmate obtuso. 

Tradescantia Warszewicziana. " Kunth et BoucU, Index Seminum in Hort. 
Bot. Berol. 1847,;?. 11." Walp. Ann. Bot. v. \. p. 886. 



This is really a handsome stove-plant, and deserving a place 
in every collection, especially when it is old enough to form a 
dichotomous, subarborescent, stout stem, with recurved leaves, 
having a good deal the appearance of an Aloe, still more of some 
Dracama ; and the flowers are not only numerous and of a 
bright purplish rose-colour, but by the constant succession of 
flowers, the blossoming (in the spring and early summer) is of 
long duration. It is said to be a native of Guatemala, and is 
of easy propagation by cuttings. 

Descr. Stem in our plants a foot or foot and a half long, 
stout, forked, terete, having a subarborescent character, and 
marked with the scars of fallen leaves. The branches are leafy, 
chiefly towards the apex. Leaves a span to a foot long, from 

june 1st, 1860. 



an entire sheathing base, broad-lanceolate, acuminate, striated, 
recurved. Peduncle axillary, one to one and a half foot long, 
terete, purplish above, forming a not very copiously branched 
panicle of purple-lilac densely crowded but small flowers : bracts 
are at all the divisions and subdivisions of the panicles, large 
and broad, sheathing in the lower ramifications, small, and more 
coloured (lilac) at the base of the pedicels, where they are densely 
imbricated in secund scorpioid racemes. Pedicels lilac. Sepals 
and petals uniform, the latter the largest. Stamens all uniform, 
beardless. 



Fig. 1. Reduced figure of an entire plant. 2. Leaf, — nat. size. 3. Panicle, — 
nat. size. 4. Mower. 5. Stamen. 6. Pistil :— magnified. 



5m. 




t 3rooks,Iw-P 



Tab. 5189. 

vanda gigantea. 

Gigantic Vanda. 



Nat. Ord. Orchide^.— Gynandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Sepala explanata, omnia basi aequalia et angustata ; ssepius pcta- 
loidea. Petala sepalis conformia, saepius basi torta. Ubellum basi saccatum v. 
calcaratum, cum basi columnar apodre continuum, carnosum, saepius sepalis multo 
brevius, subtrilobum aut integrum, ante calcar saepius callosum, aunculis nams v. 
obsoletis. Columna crassa nana, libera, apoda; clinandno verticali. Stigma 
transversum ; rostello obtuso vel retuso. Pollinia cereacea, plano-convexa, gemi- 
nata v. 2 alte bipartita ; caudicula auriculata v. cuneata ; glandula magna, sub- 
rotunda v. triangulari. Anthera ovata, bilocularis, valvis semilibens.— Herbae 
epiphyte Asia tropica. Polia coriacea, dhticha, apice obliqua. Flores sapius 
racemosi, conspicui. Pedunculi lateralea. Lindl. 



Vanda (§ Fieldia) gigantea ; foliis late loratis apice obtusissimis emarginatis 
suba3qualibus, racemis foliis duplo brevioribus, sepalis petabsque oblongo- 
obovatis obtusis jequalibus, labello incurvo canahculato dolabnformi obtuso, 
callo conico in medio, auriculis nanis rotundatis. Lindl. 

Vanda gigantea. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. n. 7326. Gen. et Sp. Orchid, i?- 215. 
Folia Orchidacea, part 4, Vanda, p. 2. 

Vanda Lindleyana. Griff. Notul. part 3. p. 353. 



We are indebted for a splendid specimen of the rare Orchida- 
ceous plant here figured to Messrs. Veitch and Sons, in whose 
Orchid House, King's Road, Chelsea, it produced its noble pen- 
dent spike of golden-yellow blossoms, we believe for the first time 
in Europe, in April of the present year, 1860. Mr. Griffith ob- 
serves of it : " It is the only plant of its kind I have hitherto 
seen capable of rivalling the American Vandea" Dr. Lmdley 
remarks that "this is surely an exaggeration;" probably judg- 
ing only from dried and shrivelled specimens or from imperfect 
drawings, for to our mind few even of the Malayan Orchidaceous 
plants, so famous for their size and beauty, can vie with this in 
richness of colour, " deep-yellow," as Dr. Lindley says, " with 
cinnamon-brown blotches." Of the truth of this some notion, 
may be formed from the portion here represented. The large, 
copious, distichous, rich-green leaves set off these large golden 
flowers to great advantage. It would need an imperial folio 

june 1st, 1860. 



\ 



I 



plate to do justice to the whole plant. It is an inhabitant of the 
Burraan Empire, growing on Lagerstrcemia Regina, on the banks 
of the Tenasseritn river, near Barlavo, according to Griffith. 

Descr. A large species, with copious foliage growing in a dis- 
tichous manner. Leaves broadly lorate, recurved, a foot and a 
half long, very obtuse, and deeply and unequally emarginate at 
the apex. Raceme large, drooping. Flowers three inches long 
in their greatest diameter, golden -yellow, richly spotted and 
blotched with cinnamon-brown. Column and lip white, the 
the latter small in proportion to the petals, thick and fleshy. 
Column short. 



Fig. 1. Side view of the column and lip. 2. Front view of the column and 
anther. 3. Pollen-masses: — magnified. 



5190 




Tab. 5190. 

ALOCASIA METALLICA. 

Bronze-leaved Alocasia. 



Nat. Ord. Aroide^. — Moncecia Monandkia. 

Gen. Char. Spathce tubus persistens ; lamina, cucullato-cymbiformis. Spadix 
appendiculatus, spatha paulo brevior, infeme ovariis (ovaridiisque interdum), 
medio floribus neutris, infra apicem synandriis dense obsitus. Ovaria subastyla 
(an semper?). Stigma depresso-hemisphaericum. Synandria breviter stipitata, 
lpculis sub vertice aperientibus. Fructus spatha? tubo irregulariter disrupto et 
revoluto involucratus. Bacca rotundato-obovata (rubra). Semen depresso-hemi- 
sphaericum. — Rhizome plerumque elatum, arborescens, approximate- tenuiterque 
cicatrizatum. Folia juvenilis plantce peltata, vetustioris sape ad petiohan usque 
bipartite. Costa et venae utrinque elevato-prominentes. Pedunculi breviusculi 
plures ex una axilla. Spadices suaveolentes ! — Indica. Schott. 



Alocasia metallica; acaulis dense csespitosa, foliis longe petiolatis cordato- 
ovatis peltatis subbullatis cuspidatim brevissime acuminatis saepe viridi- 
a3ruginosis nitore metallico nitidissimis subtus intense purpureis, scapis 
rubins bracteatis petiolo subduplo brevioribus, spatha? lanceolatae subcylin- 
dracea? dimidio inferiore (seu tubo) oblongo, lamina cucullato-cymbiformi 
anguste sublonge acuminata, ovariis laxiusculis, stylo distincto, stigmate 
3-4-lobo. 

Alocasia metallica. Schott, "(Estr. Bot. Wochbl. v. 4. p. 410." Syn. Aroid. 
v. 1. p. 46. 



In former days plants for horticultural purposes were valued 
in proportion to the beauty of the flowers : now, none are more 
highly prized than those which possess richness of colouring in 
the foliage or some other parts of the plant, whether that colour- 
ing is the normal state or condition, or to be reckoned among 
the freaks and sports of Nature, as is presumed to be the case 
with the now numerous varieties, depending on colour, of the 
well-known Caladium bicolor among Jroidea. The plant we 
have now the gratification of describing and figuring belongs to 
that family of plants, bat exhibits a foliage and hue which no- 
thing of the kind can exceed, if it can equal, and to which the 
pencil even of our accomplished artist, Mr. Pitch, can scarcely 
do justice ; for there is a degree of metallic lustre of the leaves 
on the ample foliage which must be seen to be understood ; and 

JULY 1st, 18C0. 



I 



this, too, is accompanied by a rich and very different colouring 
(rich red) in the scapes that rise copiously beneath the foliage, 
but never overtop it. We think we cannot be mistaken in re- 
ferring this noble plant (which in all Europe is perhaps only in 
possession of Messrs Low, of the Clapton Nursery, who received 
it from Borneo) to the Alocasia metallica of Schott, equally a 
Bornean plant, notwithstanding some discrepancies in the spe- 
cific as well as in the generic characters. Our plant has a very 
distinct style to the ovary, and the stigma is not " depresso- 
hemisphaericum," but clearly three- or four-lobed. 

Descr. Prom a large underground tuber or rhizome a cluster of 
foliage springs, of which the petioles are two feet long, rounded, 
and green, but with the sheaths tinged with rose-colour. The 
blade of the leaves is from twelve to eighteen inches long, a foot 
wide, with a firm, somewhat succulent texture, and of a form, so 
common in Aroideous plants, ovato- or elliptico-cordate, peltate, 
waved at the margin, somewhat bullate on the surface, suddenly 
and somewhat nmcronately acuminate at the apex ; the upper 
surface of a rich bronze-colour, extremely glossy and metallic, 
exhibiting a beautiful play of light and colour, while the under 
side is a very dark purple, and equally glossy ; veins pinnated, 
exceedingly prominent, falcately curved, springing from a very 
stout costa: from the point of attachment of the petiole, two 
stout veins take a downward direction towards the sinus of the 
blade, an inch and a half apart, and send out four or five spread- 
ing and curved side-veins. Scapes, several arising from the 
axils of several of the petioles, much shorter than they, red rose- 
colour. Spatlta five inches long, the base or tube cylindrical, 
purple-red, the lamina (there is a constriction between the tube 
and it) cucullate or cymbiform, much acuminated. Spadix in- 
cluded, shorter than the spatha : from below, for about one-third 
of the length, occupied with the somewhat scattered pistils. 
Ovary globose ; style thick, as long as the ovary ; stigma three 
or four-lobed. The middle of the spadix is occupied by a com- 
pact mass of stamens, except at the base, where are some abortive 
bodies (stamens or ovaries, or both?). The apex of the spadix 
is formed by the fleshy appendage. 



Fig. 1. Plant in flower, on a verv reduced scale. 2. Spadix,— rial, size. 3. 
btamens — magnified. 4. Single stamen,— more magnified. 5. Pistils and two 
abortive bodies (imperfect stamen and pistil), ft, 7, and 8. Sections of ovaries. 
9. Ovale:— all magnified. 



5i94. 




Tab. 5191. 

ACACIA Drummondii. 

Drummond's Acacia. 



Nat. Ord. Leguminos.*:. — Polygamia Polyandria. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4306.) 



Acacia (Pulchellae) Drummondii ; kermis, ramis pedunculis petiolisque tenui- 
ter puberulis, stipulis subulatis, pinnis bijugis, glandulis verrucajformibus 
stepe obsoletis, foliolis 2-6-jugis oblongo-linearibus glabris, spicis cylin- 
dricis folia superantibus. Benth. 

Acacia Drummondii. Benth. in Lindl. Sw. Riv. Bot. p. 67; in Hook. Lond. 
Journ. of Bot. v. I. p. 388. Walp. Rep. Bot. Syst. v. 1. p. 908. 



In foliage the present species (one of a very extensive genus) 
very much resembles the Acacia Cycnorum (of our Tab. 4653); 
but there the branches and rachises of the leaves are densely 
patenti-hirsute, and the flowers are collected into globose, deep- 
vellow heads. Here the flowers are in cylindrical spikes, and 
of a pale lemon-yellow colour. The leaflets, too, are here much 
broader. It forms a good-sized bush, and flowers copiously in 
the early spring months. This and its numerous allies are not 
encouraged in our ornamental greenhouses so much as they de- 
serve to be, for they render them gay at a season when compa- 
ratively few other plants are in blossom ; and as soon as they 
have done flowering, they may be removed to the open air, 
which will greatly strengthen and benefit them ; and they give 
place to the more gaudy summer flowers : so that by means 
of plants of temperate regions of the southern hemisphere in 
the winter, and those of the northern hemisphere in the sum- 
mer, a perpetual flowering season may be maintained through 
almost the entire year. Acacia Drummondii is a native of Swan 
River. 



Fig. 1. Leaflet. 2. Flower -.—magnified. 
july 1st, 1860. 



JJ.92 




vr FitcK,ddl.ct"tith 



Vincent Brook 



Tab. 5192. 

CALLIXENE poliphylla. 
Many-leaved Callixene. 

Nat. Ord. Smilace^..— Hexandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Flores hermaphroditi. Perigonium corollimim, sex-part ituni, pa- 
tens, deciduum, laciniis rcquilongis, tribus interioribus basi biglandulosis. Sta- 
mina 6, basi laciniarum inserta ; jUamcnia libera, basi dilatata, antlienr orate IH- 
cumbentes. Ovarium triloculare. Oeula in loculis pauca, nmphitropa. Stylus eras- 
sus, trisulcus ; stigma obsolete trilobum. Bacca triloculans, pulposa. Sennna 
in loculis subterna, subglobosa, testa membranacea, tenui, cum nurleo coiinaia, 
nmbilico ventrali punctiformi. Embryo excentricus, in basi albuminis carnosi re- 
spectu umbilici semi-transversus, extremitate radiculari centnpeta.— Suffrutex 
Magellanieu$,ramosus, basi nodosus, trtpkglUu, squamatut, snperne fohatus ; folus 
altemis, semi-amplexicaulibus, ellipticis, nervosis, coriaceis, margine crasswrihus ; 
floribus terminalibm solitariis, folio stipatis, pedicellis brevibus, basi squamis 2-4 
cinctis. Endl. 



Callixene polyphylla ■ data valde pinnatim ramosa, foliis numerosis oblongis 
acutis mucronatis disticbis 5-7-nerviis transversimque (sub lente) venosis 
subtus glaucis, pedunculis folium subsequantibus infra medium bracteatis, 
noribus°pendentibus petalis acutis (siccitate maculatis). 

Callixene polyphylla. Hook. Ic. Plant, t. 684. Hook. fil. Fl. Autarct. v. 2. 
p. 355. 

Luzdriaga erecta. Kth. En. Plant, r. 5. p. 280. 



The first species of this very pretty genus (Callixene margi- 
nata) being detected by Commerson, on the inhospitable shores 
of the Magalhaens Strait, was appropriately named Callixene, from 
koXXos, something beautiful, and &vos, a stranger. All the known 
species inhabit high southern latitudes of South America : and 
the present seems to be confined to the extreme south of Chili ; 
Cape Tres Montes, where it was discovered by C. Darwin, Esq., 
Isle of HuafFo, Dr. Eights, an officer in the United States' Service, 
and Valdivia, where it is called " Asajur," Mr. Bridges. It be- 
longs to the same natural family as our well-known Lily-of-the- 
vaSey, and is generally seen running over the trunks of trees near 
the ground, enlivening them with bright-green, Box -like leaves, 
glaucous beneath, and the gracefully- drooping flowers of the 
same pure white as the Lily -of-the- valley, but much larger, and 
instead of being of one piece, cut into six eventually spreading 

JULY 1st, 1800. 



petals. We owe the possession of this plant at the Royal 
Gardens to Mr. Standish. It may be kept in a cool greenhouse 
in an ordinary frame or pit. 

Descr. The root seems creeping. The stem slender, angled, 
copiously branched in a pinnated manner, a foot or a foot and a 
half long. Leaves very numerous, oval or oblong, mucronate, 
striated, glaucous beneath. Peduncles single : flowers one from 
the axil of each leaf, pendent, and these in a measure concealed 
by the foliage. The anthers are curious, sagittate, opening by 
a pore at the base of each cell, bent down upon the filament, so 
that the base of the anther becomes superior. 



Kg. 1. Leaf and flower. 2. Stamens and pistil. 3. Pistil. 4. Section of 
ovary. 5. Single stamen :— all more or less magnified. 



5m. 




WFitcMdetlTth 



Vincent Brooks, Imp- 



Tab. 5193. 
ONCIDIUM LONGIPES. 

Long-stalked Oncidium. 



Nat. Ord. Orchide^.— Gynandria Monandria. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4824.) 



Oncidium (Tetrapetala, Macropetala) longipes ; pseudobulbis ovalibus dipbyl- 
lis, foliis angustis tenuibus, scapo bi- (pluri-)floro foliis aequali, peduncuhs 
elongatis, sepalis lateralibus elongatis pendulis basi connatis dorsah bre- 
viore latiore refracto, petalis oblongis planis, labelli lobis lateralibus parvis 
obtusis intermedio transverse* apiculato sinu convexo serrato, crista pubes- 
ceute depressa basi simplici truncata papilla utrinque adpressa apice 3- 
loba, columnse alis minimis sinuatis. Lindl. 

Oncidium longipes. Lindley, in Paxton's Fl. Garden, v. 1. n. 76. Folia Or- 
chid. Oncid. p. 15. n. 45. 

Oncidium Janeirense. "Reichenb.Jil. in Bonpl. Ap. 1, 1854." 



A Brazilian plant, reared by Messrs. Loddiges from pseudo- 
bulbs received from Rio Janeiro. Dr. Lindley considers it iden- 
tical with his Oncidium longipes; but its flowers are so much 
brighter, and attractive for the size of the plant, that it is quite 
worthy of cultivation. It differs moreover in the form of the 
crest of the lip, which is accurately represented at our figure 2. 
Tts flowers appear in April, and continue long in blossom. 

Descr. From a creeping caudex, about as thick as a writing- 
pen, pseudobulbs arise in clusters, oblong, tapering upwards, 
sheathed with brownish scales, bearing two, linear, apiculated, 
somewhat fleshy leaves, linear-oblong, tapering much at the 
base, apiculate at the point, bright green. Peduncle or scape 
slender, arising from between the leaves, bearing a raceme, three 
to four inches long, of several long-pedicellate flowers. Sepals 
and petals all spreading, dark, almost blood-red-brown within, 
brownish-green on the outside ; superior or dorsal sepal spathu- 
late, the margins waved and reflexed, lateral sepals narrower, 
united at their base, deflexed. Labellum large in proportion to 
the size of the flower, bright, almost golden yellow, with a broad 
blood-coloured ring at the base surrounding the crest, three- 



July 1st, 1860. 



lobed, lateral lobe small rounded, terminal one large and two- 
lobed; the margin fimbriated between the principal lobes. 
Crest a slightly downy, elevated, oblong, fleshy disc, lobed at 
the margin, whitish, and spotted ; the apex with three teeth or 
small lobes, the two inferior curved and subspiniform. Column 
rather short, with two small wing-like lobes beneath the anther. 



Fig. 1. Front view. 2, Lateral view of a flower -.—magnified. 




W. Fitch, id ethth 



Tab. 5194. 
PTERIS Cretica, L. 

Cretan Pteris. 



Nat. Ord. Filices. — Cryptogamia Filices 
Gen. Char. {Fide supra, Tab. 4925.) 



Pteris (Eupteris) Cretica; fronde circumscriptione ovata subcoriaceo-membra- 
nacea pinnata, pinnis 3-24 remotis digitalibus ad spithamsam sterilibus 
lanceolatis spinuloso-serratis fertilibus oblongo-linearibus apice serratis in- 
fimis bi- rarius tri-partitis, venis plerisque furcatis approximatis horizonta- 
liter patentibus, involucris marginalibus angustis, stipite elongato. 

Pteris Cretica. Linn. Mart. p. 130. Sic. Syn. Fit. p. 96. Willd. Sp. PL v. 5. 
p. 374. Schk. Fit. t. 90. Ag. Pterid. p. 9. Hook. Sp. FiL v. 2. p. 160. 

Pteris semiserrata. Fbrsk. Descr. 186. 

Pteris serraria. Sw. Syn. FiL p. 96. t. 289. 

Pteris pentaphylla. Willd. Sp. PL v. b.p. 362. 

Pteris heterophylla. Poir. (fide Desv.J 

Pteris nervosa. Th. Fl. Jap. p. 332. Wall. Cat. n. 96. 

Pteris vittata. Bory in Belanger Voy. 

Pteris multiaurita. Ag. Pterid. p. 12 {taller form, icitli numerous pinna). # 

Pteris tripliylla. Mart, et Gal. FL Mex. p. 51 to p. 81 {par. with three pinna 
only), not of Agar dh. 

Var. stenophylla ; frond ibus digitatis vel digitato-pinnatis, pinnis 3-5 subinte- 
gerrimis. Hook. Sp. FiL v. 2. p. 160. 

Pteris stenopbylla. Hook, et Grev. Ic. FiL t. 130. Ag. Sp. Pterid. p. 11. 

Pteris digitate. Wall. Cat. n. 91. 

Pteris tseniosa. /. Sm. in Hook. Journ. Bot. v. 3. p. 405. 

Var. aLbo-lineata ; pinnis linea media lata alba. (Tab. Nostr. 5194.) 



Pteris Cretica is far from being peculiar to Crete, as its name 
would seem to imply ; on the contrary, few Ferns have a more 
extensive geographical distribution, from Turcomania in Uralian 
Siberia throughout the south of Europe, the Mediterranean and 
its islands, Arabia, and Abyssinia. It is frequent in various parts 
of India, and there generally quite maintaining the European 
july 1st, 1860. 






form, from the hot plains to the Himalayas, at elevations of 6000 
feet ; Bourbon, Penang, Java, Luzon, Ceylon. We possess speci- 
mens from the Sandwich Islands, from the Feejees and Loochoo. 
It appears in the United States, upon rocks on the Apalacha 
river (very rare), south through Mexico to Guatemala. In South 
America it has been detected at Entre Rios by Mr. Tweedie. 
It is no wonder that a plant which is so widely diffused should 
vary from its genuine type, and have given rise to the notion 
that there are several distinct species. The most interesting 
state of the plant, however, is that which we have here repre- 
sented, where the whoie length of the centre is white, with a 
jagged edge, bordered on each side by dark-green. This, we 
believe, has never yet been recorded. We were lately favoured 
with healthy living plants of this from our valued correspondent, 
Mr. Binnendyk, of the Buit en zorg Botanic Garden, Java, in which 
country it is. a native. 



Fig. 1. Portion of a sterile pinna. 2. Portion of a fertile ditto : — magnified. 



5195 





F 






y 




Vincent 6 rooks. --P 



Tab. 5195. 

CYRTODEIRA cupreata, var. viridifolia. 

Coppery Cyrtodeira ; green-leaved var. 



Nat. Ord. Gesneriace.e. — Didynamia Angiospermia. 

Gen. Char. Cyrtodeira, Hand. Calyx parvulus, foliolis anguste lanceolatis 
patentibus v. recurvatis. Corolla tubus basi postice gibbus, sursum dein de- 
orsum curvatus, leviter ampliatus. Annulus et glandula. Stigma stomato- 
morphum. Filamenta inter se et cum corolla basi connata. Hand. 



Cyrtodeira cupreata ; repens stolonifera undique pubescenti-hirsuta, foliis ellip- 
ticis petiolatis serratis reticulatim venosis (cupveatis v. viridibus), pedunculis 
axillaribus solitariis unifloris petiolo lougioribus, calycis laxi profuude 5- 
partiti laciniis lineari-spathulatis subsecundis, corollse tubo calycem sub- 
duplo superante curvato, ore fimbriato-glanduloso, limbi patentis lobis rotun- 
datis plauis crenatis, staminibus styloque inclusis. 

Var. cupreata ; foliis cupreatis. 

Achimenes cupreata. Hook. Bot. Mag. t. 4312. 

Cyrtodeira cupreata. Hand. Cesn. in Linntsa, v. 26. p. 207. t. 2.f. 39. 

Var. viridifolia; foliis viridibus. (Tab. Nostr. 5195.) 

Tapina (Acliimenes) splendens. Triana, in Lind. Cat. 1857 {name only). 



The Natural Order of Gesneriacece has recently occupied the 
attention of Dr. Oersted and Dr. Hanstein, and the result of 
their studies has been the establishment, in the view of the 
latter author, of sixty-seven genera, divided into two principal, 
and twelve sub-tribes. These are accompanied by well executed 
figures of the flowers of each genus. Our Achimenes cupreata 
(Bot. Mag. Tab. 4312) there constitutes a new genus, with the 
character given above. That plant, native of New Grenada, is 
remarkable for the coppery colour of the foliage. Our present 
plant, from the same region, differs, and differs only from it in 
the much larger flowers, and in the absence of the coppery tinge 
to the foliage. I cannot therefore agree with M. Triana, who has 
constituted of it a new species, and who has referred it to the 
genus Tapina, Mart., with which it does not correspond. Mr. 
Linden observes of it (for there is no specific character or de- 
scription), — " Cette jolie plante rappelle par le port Y Achime- 
nes cupreata, dont il differe toutefois par la teinte argentee des 
august 1st, i860. 



feuilles, et par des fleurs d'un eclat peu commun dans le regne 
vegetal, et dont le vif ecarlate trouve a peine une comparaison 
dans lafletu du Pelargonium zonale." Our plant, which flowered 
copiously in the hothouse, in the spring of 1860, was received 
from the nursery of Messrs. Henderson, Wellington Road. 

Superior as this is to our Achimenes cupreata above referred 
to, in the size and beauty of the flowers, and different as is the 
colour of the leaves, they nevertheless are the only differences. 



Pig. 1. Corolla, laid open. 2. Pistil and gland. 3. Ovary and gland: — 
magnified. 









5m. 




"WFitah,d£l.etlith. 



'' *:'!;_',.? ' "j| 



xBroaks,Imp. 



Tab. 5196. 

HABENARIA Salaccensis. 

Salakian Habenarla. 



Nat. Ord. Orchide.e. — Gynandria Monandria. 

Gen. Char. (§ Ophrydea?). Periffonii galeati foliola subsequilonga, exteriora 
cum interioribus multo angustioribus integris bi-trifidisve conmventia. La- 
bellimi elongatum, pendulum, integrum v. bi-trifidum, elongato-calcaratum. An- 
thera erecta, loculis solutis, basi divergentibus, canabbus stigmaticis adhaerenti- 
bus, rostello piano, anthem adnato, processubus duobus stigmaticis, varus samius 
ori stigmatis adnatis. Polliniarum glandules nudae.— Herba? habitn Orchidis, 
majuscula, inter tropicos totius orbis obviat; in America, vbietiam in extratropicis 
utriusque hemispheerii occurrunt,freqnentiores; in Asia temperata rara. Endl. 



Habenaria (§ Erostres) Salaccensis, foliis lanceolatis acuminata stnatis, racemo 
laxo plurifloro, bracteis membranaceis liueari-subulatis ovavio longissimo 
pedunculiformi brevioribus, labello tripartite, laciniis lineanbus, basi biglan- 
duloso, calcare filiformi recurvo ovario multo breviore, sepahs ovato-lanceo- 
latis berbaceis. 

Habenaria Salaccensis. Bl. Bijdr. p. 403. Tabell. Orch. f. 13 {flower only). 
Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orchid, p. 308. 



A rare and apparently little-known species of Habenaria, 
found by Blume on Mount Salak, in Java, and lately sent to the 
Royal Gardens of Kew, in a living state, by M. Binnendyk, ot 
the Botanic Garden of Buitenzorg, Java. It flowered with us, 
in the stove, in April, 1860. Dr. Lindley only knew it from 
Blume's figure of the flower and the very brief specific character 

above referred to. . 

Descu The root, in our living specimen, consists ot a large 
(for the size of the plant), fusiform, fleshy tuber, and three or four 
shorter yet thick fleshy fibres. Stem twelve to fourteen inches 
hio-h at the base partially clothed with two to three sheathing 
scales, leafy upwards ; lower leaves four to five inches long Ian- 
ceolate, acuminate, striated, the superior ones becoming gradually 
smaller, bracteiform. Raceme ovate, five to six inches long. Fe- 
dicels short, clothed with two or three narrow-lanceolate bracts; 
wary elongated and resembling the pedicel, but angled and 



AUGUST 1st, I860. 



slightly twisted. Sepals spreading, ovato-lanceolate, acuminate, 
green. Petals reddish, very narrow, linear-subulate, bipartite at 
the base. Lip elongated, tri-partite, segments narrow-linear, mid- 
dle one longer : at the base are two, large, oblong, fleshy glands. 
Spur reflexed, narrow, almost subulate, tipped with orange, 
shorter than the ovary. Column short. Base of the anther-cells 
long and divergent. 



Fig. 1. Base of the stem, with root, — nat. size. 2. Side view of a flower. 3. 
Front view of ditto: — magnified. 



5191 




Vincent Btccj.- 



Tab. 5197. 
ixora jucunda. 

Mr. Thwaites' s Ixora. 



Nat. Ord. Rubiacej:. — Tetrandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Fide supra, Tab. 4325.) 



Ixora jucunda ; foliis glabris lanceolatis v. ovato-lanceolatis acuminatis basi an- 
gustatis petiolatis, corymbis primariis elongatis, bracteolis parvis acutis, 
segmentis calycinis truncatulis ovario brevioribus. Thwaites. 

Ixora jucunda. Thwaites, Enum. Plant. Zeyl. p. 155. 



Ixora is a genus of plants almost peculiar to tropical Asia, of 
which thirty-four kinds are enumerated by De Candolle, in the 
fourth volume of his ' Prodromus/ which appeared in 1830. 
Many additions have been since made by Wallich and Wight 
and Bentham, etc. But it must be confessed that many of the 
species are so described that they are very difficult of determi- 
nation. It is very fortunate therefore when, as in the present 
instance, we have the discoverer and describer of the species as 
the authority for the name. This is one of the many interesting 
plants of Ceylon we have received from our valued friend Mr. 
Thwaites. Of it he enumerates two varieties, differing in the 
breadth of the leaves, and much more remarkably in the length 
of the tube of the corolla, sometimes only two to three lines 
long ; sometimes, as in our plant, fourteen lines long. It is not 
an uncommon species, attaining on the hills an elevation of 
4,000 feet. It first produced its flowers with us, in the stove, 
in May, 1860. 

Descr. A shrub, with much the aspect of Ixora acuminata, 
Boxb. ; in its native country from ten to twenty feet high, with 
subcoriaceous, opposite leaves, three to seven or eight inches long, 
and, according to Thwaites, one to four inches broad, obscurely 
penniveined, broad-lanceolate, but varying from narrow-lanceo- 
late to ovato-lanceolate on the same or on different specimens, 
rather abruptly acuminate, tapering below into a short petiole 

AUGUST 1st, 1860. 



scarcely two lines long. Stipules ovate, sharply acuminate, red- 
dish. Corgmb terminal, short-peduncled, trichotomous, pedicels 
very short. Flowers very compact, erect. Calyx small, slightly 
downy, subtended by a minute, oblong, acute bracteole, at the 
base of the inferior ovary : limb of four, close-placed, small, erect, 
lanceolate teeth or segments. Corolla white, or rather inclining 
to cream-colour in our plant, long, hypocrateriform : tube very 
slender, terete, fourteen lines long : limb spreading, almost three- 
quarters of an inch in diameter, of four obovate, rather acute 
lobes. Anthers subulate, quite exserted. Style as long as the 
tube of the corolla. Stigma bipartite. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2, Pistil: — magnified. 



5m. 




ici cL Hth 



Tinctrt Or[)alo,Imp. 



Tab. 5198. 
PENTAPTERYGIUM rugosum. 

Rugose Pentapterygium. 



Nat. Ord. Vacciniace*:.— Decandbia Monogyma. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4910.) 



Pentaptebygium rugosum; ramis foliisque glabris, raraulis petiobsque mmori- 
bus pubescentibus, foliis coriaceis subsessilibus lanceolatis v. ovato-lanceo- 
latis acaminatis basi cordatis serratis superne rugoso-venosis subtus pal- 
lidioribus, floribus in corymbos foliis brevioribus breve pedunculatis aggre- 
satis nutantibus, pedicellis pilosulis, calycibus glabris, lobis late ovato-tn- 
angularibus obtusis subfoliaceis corolla alba transverse purpureo-fasciata ter 
brevioribus. 

Vaccinium rugosum. Hook, et Thorns. Ms. 



This remarkable and beautiful plant was originally detected 
by Griffith in the temperate regions of the Khasya mountains, 
where it has since been gathered by Drs. Hooker and Thomson, 
who have distributed it in their Indian Herbarium under the 
name of Vaccinium rugosum. It was also found by Dr. Hooker in 
the Sikkim-Himalaya mountains, and by Mr. Booth in the 
Bhotan Himalaya. The plant here figured was sent by Mr 
Thomas Lobb to Messrs. Veitch and Son, with whom it flowered 
in May of the present year. It succeeds well in a common green- 
house. At Tab. 4910 will be found figured another species of 
this genus, together with some observations on its congeners, in- 
cluding this. The beautiful transversely fasciated colouring of 
the corolla on a white ground, exactly recalls that of the Thibau- 
dia macrantha (Tab. 4566), but the colour of the flower probaby 
varies, as we find that it is described in the notes to the wild 
specimens as varying from deep-red to purple. 

Descr A glabrous shrub, often epiphytical, forming a large 
tuberous rhizome or caudex on the trunks of lofty trees. Branches 
covered with circular pale pustules. Leaves almost sessile, sub- 
cordate at the base, very coriaceous and rugose, almost lacunose 
on the under surface, lanceolate or ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, 
serrate, deep bright-green above, pale beneath, the young ones 

august 1st, 1860. 



purplish. Flowers pendulous, in few-flowered corymbs, about 
an inch long. Calyx and base of the pedicel deep-red, lobes of 
the calyx almost membranaceous. Corolla with a strongly five- 
angled tube, having a prominent rib at each angle, nearly white, 
beautifully marbled between the angles with slender, waving, 
transverse, purple or blood-red bands, giving it an exquisitely 
beautiful and china-like appearance, the mouth contracted and 
greenish. Anthers with minute spurs at the back, about the 
middle. Berry fleshy, insipid. The calyx-lobes vary a good 
deal in length and breadth, and the peduncles and pedicels also 
in length. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Calyx-tube and ovary, style and stigma. 3. Anthers : — 
all magnified. 



5199. 




w:fitdix,ad.a 



;-uoK£.i^^ 



Tab. 5199. 

CALADIUM bicolor, var. Neumannii. 

Two-coloured Caladium ; Neumann s var. 



Nat. Ord. Aroide.e. — Mokcecia Monandria. 

Gen. Char. Spatha ventricosa, basi convoluta. Spadix apice omnino stamini- 
fer, quandoque mucronatus, mucrone nudo, medio glandulosus, basi tectus ger- 
minibus. Jnthera sessiles, in spiram dense dispositae, peltatae, sub pelta ad am- 
bitum multiloculares vel pluries sulcata;, sulcis pollen concatenatum emittentibus. 
Glandule seu anthera steriles multiplied serie adnata? spadici, inasquales, ob- 
longs;, angulosse, obtusse, ad ambitum sulcata;. Germina numerosa, sessilia, 
subrotunda, depressa; styli nulli; stigmata umbilicata, viscoso huraore referta. 
Vent. 



Caladium bicolor ; foliis peltatis ovato-sagittatis, lobis profundis paululum di- 

varicatis bicoloribus, spatha erecta basi subglobosa medio coarctata apice 

ovato-acuminata. 
a. foliis disco rubicundo. 
Caladium bicolor. Vent. PL Nouv. t. 30. Willd. Sp. PI. v. 4. p. 488. Jit. 

Hort.Kew. ed. 2. v. 5. p. 311. Kerr, in Bot. Mag. t. 2543. Hook. Ex. 

PI. t. 26. Sc/wtt, Syn. Aroid.p. 54. 
Arum bicolor. Jit. Hort. Kew. v. 3. p. 316. Sim, Bot. Mag. t. 820. 
/3. foliis maculatis maculis roseo-sanguineis ocellatis ocellis limboque albis. 
Caladium Neumannii. Ch. Zem. in Fl. des Serres, 1860, p. 104. 



In proportion as the cultivation of plants peculiar for coloured 
foliage increases in favour with the public, so, it would appear, do 
their 3 varieties ; and among the more beautiful of them will rank 
numerous Aroidea. Ventenat first described what is assuredly 
the normal state of this species of Caladium (that indeed on 
which the genus itself is founded), bicolor, peculiar in the rich 
red colour of the disc of the leaf, and running up, as it were, along 
the principal veins, and disappearing at some little distance from 
the margin. Here, in a plant no ways differing specifically, we 
have the red collected in spots of unequal sizes and forms over 
the whole disc of the leaf, but never touching the margin ; and 
these spots are of a deep rose-red, freckled and margined with 

AUGUST 1st, 1860. 



white. It is a plant that loves heat and plenty of moisture, and 
the offsets should be frequently removed : indeed it succeeds best 
in a warm stove, with the pots standing in a pan of water. 



Fig. 1.' Spatha, laid open. 2. Anther. 3. Pistil. 4. Vertical section of the 
ovary. 5. Transverse section of the ovary : — magnified. 



5'M 




-drthto. 



Tfinccnt Brooks, InS> 



Tab. 5200. 
rosa sericea. 

Silly-leaved Rose. 

Nat. Ord. Rosacea. — Icosandria Di-Pentagynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4030.) 



Eosa (§ Caninre) sericea; ramis villoso-glandulosis, aculeis validis stipularibus 
e basi dilatata compresse subulatis rectis, foliolis 7-9 parvis ovalibus ser- 
ratis, floribus plerisque tetrapetalis, fructibus turbinatis calycibusque externe 
pubescentibus. 

Eosa sericea. Lindl. Monogr. Ros. p. 1 05. 1. 12. Royle, Tl. Himal. p. 208. t. 42. 
/. 1. Be Cand. Prodr. v. 2. p. 613. Wall. Cat. p. 695. 

Eosa tetrapetala. Royle, I. c. p. 23. 

Eosa Wallichii. Trattin. Ros. v. 2. p. 1 93. 



A white-flowered, usually tetrapetalous Rose of Himalaya, 
first detected by Dr. Wallich at Gossaru Them, but since found 
abundantly in northern India. Dr. Lindley speaks of it as " a 
Rose which, together with R. macropliylla, found in the same 
district, exhibits the nearest approach among Indian Roses to 
those of Europe." Introduced by Dr. Hooker and Mr. Strachey 
into our gardens, where it proves perfectly hardy, and is best 
treated by nailing against a wall. Thus situated, its blossoms 
are abundant in the early summer. 

Descr. A moderate-sized bush. Branches numerous, stout, 
green when young, at length brown, clothed with copious, rather 
short, spreading, glandulose hairs or setse ; the glands clammy, 
and yielding an aromatic odour. Prickles rather distant, large, 
strong, dark purple, from a very broad dilated base, laterally 
compressed, subulate, very pungent, straight, generally appearing 
below the base of a stipule. Leaves about four inches long, 
long-petiolate, petiole with a pair of lanceolate stipules, decur- 
rent, and forming a broad wing to the base of the petiole. 
Leaflets seven to nine, small, from half to three-quarters of an 
inch long at the utmost, oval or subobovate, strongly serrated 

AUGUST 1st, 1860. 



at the base, silky, or rather glanduloso-hirsuta in our specimens, 
beneath. Floivers solitary, upon the peduncles a little drooping, 
moderately large in cultivated specimens, small in native ones. 
Peduncle and calyx-tube villose, the hairs tipped with a gland ; 
the limb of four, rarely five, ovato-lanceolate, acuminated seg- 
ments, shorter than the petals, pubescenti-villous on the outside. 
Petals broad-obcordate, four, rarely five, spreading, white. Fruit 
globoso-turbinate, rather small, glandular, crowned with the per- 
sistent calyx-segments. Stamens numerous. Styles free. 



Fig. 1. Flower, from which the petals are removed, — magnified. 2. Fruit,- 
nat. size. 



J2(M. 




Tab. 5201. 

yucca canaliculata. 

Channel-leaved Yucca, or Adams Needle. 



Nat. Orel. Liliace/E. — Hexandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Perigonimn hexaplvyllum ;fo!iola aequilonga, interiora latiora, cam- 
panulato-conniventia, ima basi connata, marcescendo-persistentia. Stamina 6, 
perigonii foliolis basi inserta ; filamenta brevia, plana, apice latiora. Ovarium 
triloculare. Ovula in loculis plurima, horizontalia, biseriata, anatropa; stigmata 
3, sessilia, basi subconnata, apice patentia. Capsula oblonga, obtuse hexagona, 
subbaccata, vertice primum forata, demum loculicido-subtrivalvis, trilocularis, v. 
septis secundariis incomplete sexlocularis. Semina plurima, biseriata, horizontalia, 
obovata, compressiuscida. Testa coriacea, nigra. Embryo axilis, dimidio albumine 
breviore, extremitate radiculari umbilico proxima. — Plantse in America tropica 
cis (zquatorem et in boreali calidiore indigence ; caudice s&pius arborescente, interdum 
hypogao; foliis in apice caudicis confertis, linear i-lanceolatis, crassis, rigidis, margine 
scepius spinuloso-serratis ; scapo efoliorum centro bracteato, panicnlato. Endl. 



Yucca canaliculata ; caule sesquipedali crasso, foliis densis bipedalibus lanceolatis 
crassis supra basin latioribus sensim spinoso-acumiuatis rigidissimis insig- 
niter concavo-canaliculatis subtus asperis superne lsevibus marginibus in- 
tegerrimis rubro-subcartilagineis, panicula ampla compacta densiflora, flori- 
bus sulphureis, periantliio globoso, foliolis late ovatis acutis concavis acutius- 
culis basi subito angustis. 



We were much struck with the beauty of this Yucca in the 
cool greenhouse of W. Wilson Saunders, Esq., Hillfield, Reigate, 
in the summer of the present year. His flowering specimen 
had been purchased at the sale of the collection of the late Ro- 
bert Bevan, Esq., of Bury St. Edmund's ; name and locality un- 
known. A young plant of the same kind had been received by 
Mr. Saunders, from Paris. It appears to be quite undescribed, 
and is probably of Mexican origin. It belongs to the section 
" foliis margine integerrimis," and may rank next to Yucca 
gloriosa, Linn., differing however remarkably from that in the 
form and colour of the flowers, and still more in the singularly 
straight, rigid, very concavo-canaliculated foliage. We know of 



SEPTEMBER 1ST, 1860. 



no species, either, with such densely flowered panicles. The 
plant is probably of considerable age, and has perhaps attained 
its ordinary size. 

Descr. Stem erect, eighteen inches high, three to four inches 
in diameter., unbranched, transversely marked with the scars of 
fallen foliage. Leaves nearly two feet long, spreading on all 
sides, numerous, twenty to twenty-four inches long, closely im- 
bricated on the trunk, lanceolate, firm and hard, coriaceous, sub- 
glaucous, contracted at the base, then dilated and gradually 
tapering to a rigid spinulose point, very concave in its whole 
length {canaliculato-concava), almost semicylindrical, asperous 
beneath, smooth above, the margins entire, with a subcar- 
tilaginous and red-brown line at the very edge of the younger 
leaves. Panicle terminal, a large compound raceme, each branch 
thickly clothed with large, sulphur-coloured, drooping, globose 
Jlowers. Foliohs or sepals subconnivent, broad-ovate, scarcely 
acute, contracted at the very base. Stamens and pistil as in 
the genus. 



Fig. 1. Flowering plant, — much reduced. 2. Portion of a leaf and of a panicle, 
-nat. size. 3. Pistil. 4. Stamen : — magnified. 



Tab. 5202. 
CATASETUM atratum. 

Bark-flowered Catasetum. 



Nat. Ord. OrchidejE. — Gynandria Monanprta. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4792.) 



Catasetum atratum ; racemo decurvo, sepalis petalisque patcntibus ovatis acu- 
tis, labello carnoso cucullato margine teuui-pectinato apice rotundato refiexo 
crasso denticulate Lindl. 

Catasetum atratum. Lindl. Bot. Reg. 1838 ; Misc. n. 114; and same volume, 
t. 63. 



A singular species, imported by Messrs. Loddiges from Brazil 
more than twenty years ago, and of which Dr. Liudley candidly 
says: "Had this been known when the now-abolished genus 
Myantlius was proposed, that error would not have been com- 
mitted, for the species is neither exactly a Myantlius nor exactly 
a Catasetum" It flowered in the Royal Gardens of Kew in 
May, 1860. 

Descr. Fully-formed pseudobidbs of this Catasetum are about 
five inches long, oblong, jointed, partially sheathed with white 
striated membranaceous scales. Leaves terminal, three, broad- 
lanceolate, tapering downwards, submembranaceous, striated, 
dark-green above, paler below, and there having three prominent 
ribs. Scape from the bottom of a young pseudobulb, bracteated, 
pendent, as is the raceme of large numerous flowers, of which 
the ground-colour is a lurid green. Sepals and petals equal, 
spreading, ovate, acute, concave, blotched with copious, trans- 
verse, oblong, purple-brown spots, which are sometimes con- 
fluent ; externally these spots are faint and obscure. Lip about 
as long as the sepals and petals, fleshy, ovate, cucullate, but the 
deep cavity is confined to the centre of the lip ; the margin is 
not only open, but spreading, and somewhat reflexed, beautifully 
fringed with brown bristles, and marked with a few brown spots ; 
the apex is pale yellow-green, spotless, and much reflexed. Co- 
lumn semiterete, acuminate, pale yellow-green. 

Fig. 1. Column and lip, — slightly magnified. 
sejpteuber 1st, 1860. 



Tab. 5203. 
BESCHORNERIA yuccoides. 

Yucca-lea ved B esc /torn er ia . 



Nat. Ord. Amaryllipe.k. — Hexandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char, (ride supra, Tab. 4642.) 



Beschounekia yuccoides; foliis pedalibus sesquipedalibusquc Ianceolatis inferne 
angustatis basi dilatato-vagiuatis apice acuminatissimis, scapo 3-4-pedali 
gracili bracteato raceraoso-pauiculato corallino, ramis gracillimis elongatis 
floribusque pendentibus, bracteis roseis, sepalis clausis rectis. 

Beschorneria yuccoides. Hortul. 



Some years ago Lord llchester distributed seeds of a Beschor- 
neria, which was considered to be different from the only de- 
scribed one, B. tubifiora (see our Tab. 4642), and which we have 
since understood bears the name of B. yuccoides in gardens. A 
plant of this was in perfection in the succulent-house of our 
friend Mr. Wilson Saunders at the same time with the Yucca 
canaliculata, given in the present number. The accompanying 
figure will show better than words can do how very different 
this is from B. tubijlora. It is indeed a most striking plant, 
distinguished by the long, slender, coral-like scape and panicle, 
with its gracefully slender drooping branches, of the same colour, 
bearing racemes of large pendent green flowers, in shape not 
much unlike those of some long-flowered Fuchsia, but of a dark 
yellow-green colour, tinged with red. It is a highly ornamental 
plant, and continues a long time in blossom. It requires a cool 
greenhouse, and is probably a native of Mexico. 

Descr. Leaves radical (but the falling away of the older ones 
at length causes an imperfect stem to appear, thick and short), a 
foot to a foot and a half long, subcoriaceous, glaucous-green, 
lanceolate, narrowed below the middle, dilated at the very base, 
the apex pungently and narrow-acuminated, asperous beneath 
aud at the margin. Scape three to four feet long, the upper half 
forming a panicle of slender drooping (as it were from the weight 

SEPTEMBER 1ST, 1860. 



of the flowers) branches, of a rich coral-red colour. Bracteas 
membranaceous, lanceolate, acuminate, deep rose-colour. Flowers 
pendent, nearly three inches long, including the inferior ovary, 
which is cylindrical, narrower than the perianth. Sepals linear- 
oblong, dark-green, with a yellow tinge, straight, approximating 
so as to form a tube. Stamens scarcely exserted. Filaments 
subulate. Anthers linear. Style filiform, dilated, and trisul- 
cate at the base. 



Fig. 1. Very much reduced figure of a flowering plant. 2. Leaf, 
of a panicle: — uat. size. 4. Stamen. 5. Pistil: — magnified. 



3. Portion 



L 



5WL t 




Vincent J3K 1 - ■ 



Tab. 5204. 

PSAMMISIA PENDULIFLORA. 

Pendulous-flowered Psammisia. 



Nat. Ord. Ericaceae. — Decandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Psammisia. Calyx urceolato-campanulatus ; limbo cupuheformi, 
breviter et late 5-dentato. Corolla tubulosa, basi ventricosa, Umbo 5-fido. Sta- 
mina 10, distincta, inclusa, sequilonga. Anthera biloculares, oblongo-lineares, 
apice breviter bifida?, dorso supra medium affixa?, basi libera, scabrae, alternatim 
latiores, subinde ad apicem connectivi dentibus 2 divergentibus auctse, angus- 
tiores semper edentulse ; tubulis lsevibus, antbera ipsa brevioribus, apice foramine 
dehiscentibus. Filamenta lata, brevia. Ovarium 5-loculare, loculis multi-ovu- 
latis. Stylus filiformis, strictus, plerumque exsertus. Stigma obtusum. Bacca 
coriacea, subexsucca, 5-locularis, calycis limbo cupulceformi 5-dentato coronata, 
loculis polyspermis ; placentis in axi centrali versus apicem sitis, pendulis.— 
Erutices Jmericani, ramosi ; foliis eoriaceis, 3-5-7 -plinerviis, magnis; racemis 
axillaribus, robustis, corymbosis, solitariis, tegmentis destittdis ; pedicellis robustis, 
sensim incrassatis, apice artkulatis bractea parva squamaformi suffultis ; calycis 
limbo cupulceformi, coriaceo. Kl. 



Psammisia penduliflora; ramis teretibus, foliis breviter petiolatis ellipticis acu- 
minata subdistichis glabris 3-5 -plinerviis, racemis axillaribus subcorym- 
bosis pendulis, corolla coccinea infra apicem subito contracta viridescente. 

Psammisia penduliflora. Kl. in Linneea, v. 24. p. 43. Becaisne, in Revue Hor- 
ticole, 1854, ^>. 5. t. 1. 

Thibaudia penduliflora. Be Cand. Prodr. v. 7. p. 562. 



Most of the South American Facciniacete which have been 
arranged under Thibaudia, are considered by Dr. Klotzsch to be 
sufficiently distinct to constitute a separate genus, to which he 
has given the name of Psammisia (from Psammis, a king of 
Egypt) : and he enumerates no less than seventeen species, of 
which one, Ps. HooJceriana, KL, has been figured in this work, 
Tab. 4344, under the name of Thibaudia Pichinchensis, var. £ 
glabra, Hook. The species are eminently handsome, and wor- 
thy of cultivation in a warm greenhouse. We owe the posses- 
sion of our present plant to Mr. Linden, who received it from 
the mountains of Caraccas. In some collections it bears the 

SEPTEMBER 1ST, 1860. 



name of Ps. sclerophylla, but that is a very different species, and 
is figured in the 'Flore des Serres/ torn. viii. t. 825. 

Descr. An evergreen shrub, with terete, green branches, tinged 
with red. Leaves about four inches long, glossy-green, shortly 
petioled, elliptical, very entire, much and rather finely acumi- 
nated, subdistichous, the base obtuse, three- to five-nerved, faintly 
reticulated between the almost parallel nerves, dark glossy-green, 
the older ones tinged with brown. Eacemes solitary, axillary, 
many-flowered, secund, and drooping. Pedicels thick, clavate, 
eventually red, with two small bracteas. Calyx with its base 
articulated upon the pedicel, scabrous ; tube globose, limb of five 
broad acute segments. Corolla large, rich scarlet, pitcher-shaped, 
suddenly contracted into a greenish five-lobed apex. Stamens 
ten, included. Ovary incorporated with the calyx-tube : an an- 
nular disc surrounding the base of the filiform style, which is a 
little longer than the corolla. Stigma obtuse. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2, Calyx and pistil. 3. Stamens : — magnified. 



5205. 







■ cfa, Imp. 



Tab. 5205. 

CRINUM GIGANTEUM. 

Large-flowered Crinum, or Cape- Coast Lily. 



Nat. Ord. Amartllide.e. — Hexandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Perigonium superum corollaceumj tubo elongato, gracili; fauce 
haud arapliata ; limbo 6-partito ; laciniis subaequalibus, multinerviis, erectis, pa- 
tentibus vel reflexis. Stamina 6, sumrao tubo inserta, elongata. Filamenta fili- 
formia, patentia vel declinata. Antherm lineares, versatiles. Ovarium inferura 
triloculare ; ovula plurima, in loeulorum angulo centrali affixa, biseriata, hori- 
zontalia, anatropa. Columna stylina filiformis, erecta vel inclinata. Stigma ob- 
tusum, obsolete trilobum vel trindum. Capsula membranacea, depresso-sphaerica, 
tri- vel abortu 1-2-locularis, irregulariter ruinpens. Semina pauca vel solitaria, 
angulato-subglobosa, ssepe in bulbillos carnosos rautata. — Herbse bulbiferce, 
scapigerce ; bulbo tunicato, columnari vel spharico. Folia multifaria. Scapus 
solidus, umbellato-multifiorus. Spatha diphylla. Mores pedicellati vel sessiles, 
bracteis linearibus ramentaceis inter stincti. Endl. 



Crinum giganteum ; sessiliflorum, folds plurimis oblongo-lingulatis obsolete 
striatis undulatis margine scabris, floris limbo nutante obsolete bilabiato 
tubo breviore. 

Crinum giganteum. Andr. Bot. Repos. t. 169. Redoute, Liliac. t. 181. Her- 
bert, in Bot. Mag. sub fol. 2121. ScJmltz, Syst. v. 7. p. 854. Kunth, Enum. 
v. 5. p. 569. 

Crinum petiolatum. Herb. App. p. 22. Var. 1. spectabile, Herbert, Amaryl 
p. 260. 

Amaryllis gigantea. Ait. Hort. Kew. ed. 2. p. 226. Gawl. in Journ. of Sc 
v. 3. p. 368. t. 44./. 8, 14, 15. 

Amaryllis ornata, /8. Gawl. in Bot. Mag. ^.923 {leaves very unlike those of 
our plant). 

Amaryllis Candida. Traut. Tabid, t. 488. 

Amaryllis latifolia. Lam. Encycl. v. I. p. 41. 



This fine plant has been long known in England, but much 
misunderstood ; and no figure (though there are not a few) has 
yet done justice to the large and delicate texture of the flowers ; 
among the worst of the figures is that given by Mr. Gawler, 
in this work, under the name of Amaryllis ornata, /3. It is a 
native of Sierra Leone, and no doubt other parts of the coast of 
tropical Western Africa. Bulbs were sent to us recently by 

SEPTEMBER 1ST, 1860. 



Capt. Babington, from Sierra Leone. The late Mr. Herbert can 
hardly have seen a fair or well-cultivated specimen or he would 
not have cavilled at the original name and changed it to C. pe- 
tiolatum. 

Descu. Bulb very large, a fully grown one being as big as a 
child's head. Leaves one to two and even three feet long, four 
inches wide, Ungulate, broadest above the middle, obsoletely 
striated, but having a strong central rib and two depressed 
lines between the costa and margin. Scape two to three feet 
long, plano-convex, erect. Spatha two-valved, ligulate. Umbel 
of from five to thirteen sessile flowers. Tube of the perianth 
eight to nine inches long, terete, green. Flowers six to seven 
inches across, inclined. Sepals broad, ovato-concave, white, 
tinged with yellow-green externally. Filaments four to five 
inches long, declined, then ascending. Anthers one inch long, 
dark-purple. Ovary oval. Style filiform, curved upwards. 
Stigma obscurely three-lobed. 



5206. 




Tab. 5206. 
erodium pelargoniiflorum. 

Pelargonium-flowered Stork' s-biJl. 



Nat. Ord. Gebaniacej:. — Monadelphia Pentandria. 

Gen. Char. Sepala 5, aequalia, in calcar sen tubnra nectariferum nulla produota. 
Petala 5, regularia aut irregularia. Stamina decern, filamentis basi monadelphis, 
5 antheriferis, 5 alternis sterilibus. Glandule 5 ad basin staminum stn-ilium. 
Carpellorum arista; intus barbate, dcinum elastice spiraliter torta\ — llcrbnc aut 
suffrutices, foliis variis, pedunculis seepius multi-rarissime \-flork. De Cand. 



Erodium pelargoniifiorum ; perenne viride totura pilis papillaribus nitidis con- 
spersum viscidulum, rhizomate squamis petiolaribus et stipularibus ve- 
tustis vestito, caulibus fragilibns adscendentibus elongatis raraosis, foliis 
teneris radiealibus longe petiolatis ovato-cordatis obsolete 3-lobis indivi- 
sisque acutiuscnle dentatis, stipulis bracteisque oblongis oblonge acuminatis 
valde hispidis albo-membranaceis, pedunculis umbellatine 8-10-floris, pedi- 
cellis longe hispidis flore triplo longioribus, sepalis oblongis albis viridi- 
3-5-lineatis ad costas longe papilloso-ciliatis mucrone eis diraidio breviori 
terminatis, petalis obovatis basi subciliatis albis 2 inferioribus macula pur- 
purea in 5 lineas ramulosas superne extensa insignitis, carpellis parce et 
adpresse hirsutis, Cauda adpresse birsuta eis quadruplo longiori. Boiss. 

Erodium: pelargoniifiorum. Boiss. et Heldr. in PI. Exsk. Anatol. 1846; et in 
Diagnos. Plant. Orient. Nov. v. 8. p. 118. Walp. Annul, v. 2. p. 234. 
v. 4. p. 395. Begel's Garten-Flora, v. 1. p. 195. t. 19. 



From the collection of W. Wilson Saunders, Esq., Hillfield, 
Reigate, where the shelves of a very cool, airy greenhouse were 
enlivened by its sparkling blossoms. In the days when the 
Geraniacea were cultivated extensively as botanical objects, this 
would have been very much prized ; but that time is gone by, 
and their place is taken by the " General Tom Thumb," the 
" Golden Chain," and others, which render our flower-beds, in 
summer, objects of such universal admiration. The present is 
a recently-discovered species, by Heldreich, of the Erodium ge- 
nus, in Anatolia, growing on shady rocks and among caves be- 
tween Karamau and Ermenek, at an elevation of 3,000 feet 
above the level of the sea. It may therefore be expected to suc- 

OCTOBER 1st, 1860. 



ceed in the open air in summer, but at its period of rest in the 
winter the roots will require protection. The above specific cha- 
racter of Boissier may well be considered to serve for a descrip- 
tion also. 



Fig. 1. Lower leaf, showing the stipules, — not. size. 2. Flower, from which 
the petals are removed. 3. Pistil: — magnified. 



5200 




"W.RtekdeL.etJith 



Imcent Brooks. -tap- 



Tab. 5207. 

cissus velutinus. 
Velvety-leaved Cissus. 



Nat. Ord. Ampelideje.— Tetrandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. (Vide tupra, Tar. 1703.) 



Cissus vehitinus ; caule scandente angulato ruhcrrimo, fbliis peliototis cordato- 
oblongis obtuse acuminatis denticulatis supra purpurco-viridibus ad vonis 
stepissime albo pictis, subtus eximie sanguineis, pedtlDCutia petiolo duplo 
triplove longioribus cymisque laxis ruberrimis. 

Cissus vehitinus. Linden, Cat. 



In specific character the present species nearly approaches the 
Cissus discolor of Blume, to which, perhaps, it is too nearly re- 
lated, and is scarcely inferior to it in beauty. It wants, indeed, 
the warm, deep purple glow which prevails in the young foliage 
of the latter plant : but, on the other hand, the inflorescence is 
larger in the present species, and of the same coral-red all over, 
instead of the cymes and flowers being white, as in C. discolor. 
The leaves, though frequently marked with white lines following 
the course of the veins, often lose them in age ; and they are 
never spotted with transverse blotches, so conspicuous in discolor. 
Of its native country we are ignorant; probably the Malay 
Islands. It flowers "at various seasons of the year in a warm 
stove, and readily increases by cuttings. The specific name is 
better merited in the young shoots of the plant, which are 
clothed with a soft velvety pubescence, but which is deciduous, 
and in age the foliage is generally quite glabrous. 

Descr. Habit and mode of growth entirely that of C. discolor 
(see our Tab. 4763). Leaves the same in form, but considera- 
bly different in colour and markings. The deep purple hue is 
almost entirely wanting, and the white blotches of C. discolor 
give place to broad lines of white following the course of the 
costa, veins, and veinlets, yet becoming obsolete in age. The 
chief distinction resides in the length of the peduncle, which is 
twice at least that of the other in the larger and laxer cyme, and 
in the flowers being of the same intense coral-red as the pe- 

octobee 1st, 1860. 



duncle, and as that of the stem, the cirrhi, and the under side of 

the foliage. 



Fig. 1. Flower, with the petals spread open. 2. The same, from which the 
petals have fallen. 3. Ovary, cut through vertically : — magnified. 



5208. 




W.Efch. i 



"focent Bcooikj 



Tab. 5208. 
ANCECTOCHILUS setaceus, var. inornatus. 

Fringed Jnoectochilus ; var. 



Nat. Ord. OrchidetE. — Gynandeia Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4123.) 



An(ECTOchilus setaceus ; subrepens, foliis rotundato-ovatis velutinis plerumque 
aureo-reticulatis subtus discoloribus, sepalis extus ovariisque glanduloso- 
hirsutis, labello medio ad marginera longe finibriato apice bilobo, lobis ob- 
longis obtusis patentibus, sacco labelli apice bifido. 

a. aureo-retkulatus ; caule bracteisque subcarneo, foliis supra pulcherrime aureo- 
reticulatis. 

Ancectochiltjs setaceus. Blitme, Bijdr. v. \.p. 412. Tabellen, 15. Lindl. Bot. 
Beg. t. 2010. Gen. et Bp. Orchid.p. 499. Hook. Bot. Mag. t. 4123. Wight, 
lc. bid. Or. o. 5. t. 1781. 

Chrysobaphus Roxburgii. Wall. Tent. Fl. Nepal, t. 17. 

Folium petolatum. RunipJi. Amb. v. 6. p. 93. t. 41./. 3. 

B.. inornatus; caule bracteisque viridibus, foliis supra purpureo-cupreis (venis 
aureis omnino obsoletis). (Tab. Nostr. 5208.) 



The ordinary state of this plant, with its beautiful golden net- 
work on the upper side of the leaves, is familiar, to all cultivators 
of rare Orchideous plants, as well as to such as frequent the gar- 
dens of those that are curious in them, for it is one of the most 
interesting of the family ; a native, too, of very extensive regions 
in the East Indies, both on the continent and in the islands. In 
Ceylon its foliage is so attractive that the plant is known by the 
native name of Wana Rajah, or King of the Woods. Rumphius, 
in Herb. Amboyn, accurately describes the leaves as " cordifor- 
mia quasi, crassiuscula sed flaccida, mollis ad tactum instar serici 
densioris, ac quodammodo splendentia, quam elegantissime picta, 
laete rubentibus et intricatis flavis lineis distincta, ita ut can- 
cellata sint, atque ignotos referant characteres, ac si penicillo a 
perito pictore picta esseut, inferius folia rubent, seu purpurascunt 
sine characteribus." . 

But this is not always the condition of the foliage. In a valu- 
able case of plants lately received from the Botanic Garden of 

OCTOBER 1st, 1860. 



Java was the present remarkable variety, in which the leaves, 
though of a rich coppery hue and velvety character, are wholly 
destitute of reticulations. The structure of the flower is the 
same in both. 



Fig. 1. Side view of a flower. 2. Front view of a flower: — magnified. 



S?Of). 




?iet liLh 



n , 



TSncent Brooks, fop 



Tab. 5209. 
salvia scabios^efolia. 

Scabious-leaved Sage. 



Nat. Orel. Labiate. — Diandria Moxogyma. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4874.) 



SaLYIA (§ Eusphace) scalnosafolia ; caule herbaceo, ramis diffusis piloso-lanatis, 
foliis pinnatisectis segmentis subgeminis, integris bisectis vel pinnatisectis 
oblongis linearibusve acutis iutegerrimis, vacemis simplicibus, verticillastris 
6-10-floris distinctis, foliis floralibus lancenlatis ovatis vel ovato-rotundatis 
acuminatis, calycibus ample campanulatis striatis villosis, labio superiore 
brevissime trideutato, inferiore bifido, dentibus ovatis acutis, corollis calyce 
duplo longioribus, labio superiore bifido. Benth. 

Salvia scabiossefolia. Lam. Journ. Hist. Nat. ?/. 14. p. 44. t. 27. 

S. pinifolia. Pall. Ltd. Taur. 

S. Tauricse. Habl. Phys. Beschr. Taur. p. 207. 

S. scabrosa. Pen. Syn. PI. v. 1. p. 29. 

S. Habliziana. Willd. in Sckrad. Journ. Bot. v. 1. p. 289. t. 2. Jacq. Fil. Eel. 

v.l.p.9.t.$. Bot. Mag. t. 1429. Ait. Hort. Kew. ed. 2. v. 1. p. 53. 
S. vulnerarisefolia. Willd. Sp. PI. v. 1. p. 149. 



A remarkable-looking Sage, now rare in our gardens, but in- 
troduced from Tauria into the gardens of Kew as early as 1798, 
by John Bell, Esq., and published under the name of S. Hahli- 
ziana. It was not till after our plate was engraved that I dis- 
covered that this plant, recently received under the correct name 
of S. scabiosafolia, was the same as the Habliziana already given 
in an early volume of this work, as above quoted. Our subscri- 
bers, however, will here find a more accurate representation, with 
analysis ; and we have profited by Mr. Bentham's synonymy and 
remarks in his monograph of the extensive genus in De Can- 
dolle's ' Prodromus.' 

Descr. " Stems diffuse, one to one and a half foot high, patently 
hairy or woolly at the base, subglabrous above, often purplish. 
Leaves numerous, sometimes almost glabrous, often hoary and 
pilose ; segments three to five pair, often geminate or ternate, 
but opposite, and thence apparently whorled. Raceme four to 

OCTOBER 1ST, I860. 



six inches or more long. Loivcr floral leaves ovato-lanceolate, 
longer than the calyx ; superior ones broader and shorter. Fructi- 
ferous calyces seven to eight lines long, shortly pedicellate, erect, 
softly piloso-pubescent, with abbreviated teeth. Corolla beautiful 
white ; the tube within furnished with a hairy ring. Style shortly 
inserted. The species varies with the leaves often very narrow 
and more glabrous, the verticillastra sometimes all six-flowered, 
sometimes ten- or more flowered ; also in the size and form of 
the floral leaves." Benth. I. c. 



Pig. 1. Flower. 2. Stamen. 3. Pistil and hypogynous gland : — magnified. 




^Sidi.dfiLetlith 



Tab. 5210. 

ALOE ALBO-CINCTA. 

White-margined Aloe. 



Nat. Ord. Asphodele.e. — Hexandiua Monogynia. 



Gen. Char. Corolla, tubuIoso-6-fida vel hexapetalo-partita, caruosula, basi nec- 
tanfera, in tubura connivens; limbo regulari, patulo, vel recurvo-bilabiato ; 
lacuuis hgulatis, exterioribus interiores aequales vel longiores imbricatim obtegen- 
tibus. Stamina hypogyna, assurgentia, tubo aequalia, vel exserta. Stylus exser- 
tus v. subnullus, trisulcus. Stigma simplex, v. 3, rainuta, replicata. Capsula 
membranacea, scanosa, rotunde vel acute trigona, 3-locularis, 3-valvis, vahis 
medio septigeris. Semina numerosa, biserialia, subrotundo-complanata, v. tri- 
gona, alata angulosave. Gawl. 



Aloe albo-cincta; caule 2-3-pedali subarboreo crasso simplici, foliis magnis 
12-16-unciabbus lato-lanceolatis sensim acuminatis crassis integerrimis 
cartilagineo-rubro- v. albo-marginatis glaueis obscure striatis lineari-macu- 
latisque, pedunculo seu scapo subbipedali apice paniculatim paten ti-cvmoso, 
bracteis ad basin ramorum, floribus racemosis omnibus etiam ante anthesin 
pendulis clavatis rubro-aurantiacis basi ventricosis. 

Aloe albo-cincta. Haworth, Suppl. PL Succul. p. 43. Mm. et Sck. Syst. 
Veget. v. I.p. 698. Kth. Smut. Plant, v. 4. p. 525. 



If the African Aloes have lost caste among cultivators of the 
present day, there are few, we think, who could have seen the 
present species, as we saw it in the summer of the present 
year, in Mr. Wilson Saunders's succulent-house at Hillfield, who 
would not deem it highly deserving of a place in their green- 
house. It is the handsomest we know of the genus by far, 
striking in its foliage, and still more so in its drooping flowers! 
which form a spreading, compound, almost umbellate cyme, of a 
rich yellowish-red colour. Our friend has long had it in culti- 
vation under the name here given, and it seems quite correctly 
so ; but this is the first instance known of the flowering of the 
plant. Had Haworth been acquainted with the inflorescence, 
he would never have made the remark, "Fortasse est mere 
junior A. striates (A. paniculate, Jacf.)" Mr. Wilson Saunders 

otcobeb, 1st, 1860. 



has lately received young plants from his collector Mr. Cooper, 
found in Algoa Bay. 

Descu. The stem forms a cylindrical trunk two and a half 
feet high, and stout. Leaves few, spreading, a foot to eighteen 
inches long, and six inches wide, almost an inch thick at the 
base, quite entire at the margin, and there cartilaginous and 
white or tinged with red. The green of a glaucous hue, faintly 
striated, and marked with obscure, whitish, elongated spots. 
Scape or peduncle elongated, compressed, panicled at the top, 
bearing numerous racemes, arranged in a broad, flattened cyme, 
of drooping flowers, an inch and a quarter long clavate, and sin- 
gularly inflato-globose at the base. Stamens scarcely exserted. 
Ovary oblong ; style as long as the stamens j stigma obtuse. 



Fig. 1. Flowering plant, much reduced. 2. Apex of a leaf. 3. Portion of a 
panicle :—nat. size. 4. Flower. 5. Pistil -.—magnified. 



J2II. 







Vincent Brooks Imp 



Tab. 5211. 
SONCHUS RADICATUS. 

Long-rooted Sow-thistle. 



Nat. Ord. Composite. — Syngenesia ./Eqtjalis. 

Gen. Char. Capitulum multi- vel pauci-florum. Involucrum imbricatum, basi 
ventricosum demumque spongiosum. Beceptaculum nudum. Achmnia com- 
presso-tetragona, ovato-oblonga, longitudinaliter striata, plerumque transverse 
muricato-granulata, rarius glabra, alutacea, brunnea v. nigrescentia, erostrata, 
vel rostro brevi robusto terminata, basi plerumque promineritiis 4 notata. Pap- 
pus persistens v. caducus ; setts vero basi non in annulum ut in Picridio concre- 
tis, vel singulis vel pluribus basi connatis, niveis, mollibus, digitis facile adhae- 
rentibus, distanter breve antrorso-extrorso-denticulatis v. subsimplicibus (saltern 
sub lente, magis auctis vero deiiticulis confertioribus munitis quam setae cras- 
siores), inasqualibus, intimis nempe pluribus, ceteris crassioribus, rarissime sub- 
aequalibus. Schultz. 



Sonchus radicatus ; fruticosus glaber glaucus, foliis fere omnibus radicalibus 
lvratis lobis rotundatis superficialiter et minute sinuatis, caulinis paucis 
cordatis, auriculis rotundatis, pedicellis subnudis, involucri subimbricati 
squamis exterioribus ovatis, interioribus linearibus, receptaculo favoso, 
acheniis brunneis glabris striatis, pappi subuniserialis caduci setis falcatis. 
Webb. 

Sonchus radicatus. Ait. Ilort. Kew. ed. 1. v. 3. p. 116; ed. 2. v. 4. p. 436. 
Willd. Sp. PI, v. 3. p. 1511. Be Cand. Prodr. v. 7. p. 188. Webb, Phy- 
togr. Canar. v. 3. p. 436. t. 128. 



No less than sixteen species of Sonchus or Sow-thistle, be- 
sides the present one, inhabit the Canary Islands. But we must 
not judge of them from the weedy nature of our British species, 
for in the subgenus Dendrosonchus of Mr. Webb, to which our 
plant belongs, are some which are described as arboreous, and 
which, from their size and peculiarity of form, constitute strik- 
ing features in the landscape. Our present species is of a much 
humbler character, yet shrubby, and remarkable for the deeply 
lyrate leaves, very hoary, or as it were frosted with short down, 
and for the large size of the flowers. S. radicatus was intro- 
duced into Kew Gardens by Masson in 1780. Plants were 
reared, from seed sent by Mr. Webb, in his garden at Milford ; 
and it has been, through Dr. Bolle, very recently imported by 

OCTOBER 1st, 1860. 



Mr. Wilson Saunders, in whose greenhouse at Hillfield our 
drawing was made by Mr. Fitch, in July, 1860. 



Our Plate represents the apex of a stem, with leaves and a portion of a flow- 
ering peduncle,— nat. size. Fig. 1. Floret. 2. Apex of a style, and stigmas. 
3. Hairs of the pappus : — magnified. 




WFitcMclctlith 



Vincent Brooks, Imp 



Tab. 5212. 

PHAL^ENOPSIS rosea. 

Rose-coloured Phalcenopsis. 



Nat. Ord. Orchide^. — Gynandria Monandria. 
Gen. Char. {Fide supra, Tab. 4297.) 



Piialenopsis rosea ; foliis oblongis coriaceis acutis apice recurvis, scapo cernuo 
ramoso tortuoso subclavato, floribus subcarnosis, sepalis ovatis, petalis ova- 
libus paulo latioribus, labello ascendente tripartito, laciniis lateralibus lineari- 
spathulatis lunatis, intermedia crista lunata rotundata depressa emarginata 
(cirrhis nullis). Lindl. 

PhaL/ENOPSIS rosea. Lindl. in Gard. Ckron. 1848, p. 671 (with woodcut of 
flower), and in Paxt. Tl. Gard. v. 2. t. 72. 

Stauroglottis equestris. Schauer, in Act. Acad. Nat. Cur. v. 19. Suppl. 
p. 432. 

Phal^enopsis equestris. Reich. Til. in Linncea, 1849, ^j. 864. 



The name Phalcenopsis, from our long familiarity with the well- 
known species P. amabilis (see our Tab. 4297), and its close 
affinity with P. grandijlora (Tab. 5184), which we have lately 
ventured to consider scarcely different from amabilis, leads the 
mind to flowers of large size and of the purest whiteness. To 
those who thus form their ideas the present species will prove 
a disappointment. The flowers are small, the whites are not 
clear white, and the rose tints are not bright-rose. The organic 
structure of the flower is however the same, wanting indeed the 
cirrhi to the lip, which is so remarkable in them ; and the foliage 
bears a great resemblance to that of P. amabilis. It was im- 
ported from Manilla into England, by Messrs. Veitch and Sons, of 
the Exeter and Chelsea Nurseries, through their zealous collector, 
Mr. Thomas Lobb, who describes the spike of flowers from twelve 
to eighteen inches long. It does not appear to attain such a size 
with us. We are indebted to Mr. R. Bullen, gardener to John 
Butler, Esq., of Woolwich, for the opportunity of figuring this 
still rare species from that gentleman's collection. 

Descr. Prom a very short stem or caudex, attached to its 
place of growth by a few stout vermicular fleshy fibres, there 
arise a few (three to four) oblong, thick coriaceo-carnose leaves, 

NOVEMBER 1ST, 1860. 



whicH spread in two opposite directions ; these are of a dark, 
full-green colour, and unequally notched at the apex. Scape 
springing from the base of the short stem and from the axil 
formed by the persistent base of a fallen leaf, dark purplish- 
black, terete, slightly thickened upwards, bearing a few, remote, 
small, appressed bracts ; this scape is about a foot long, and is 
terminated by a spike or raceme of twelve or fourteen fleshy 
flowers, the largest of them not an inch and a half in their 
broadest diameter. Buds ovate, greenish-yellow, with a red line 
at the suture of the sepals. Sepals and petals patent, nearly uni- 
form in size and shape, subovate, obtuse, and in colour white, 
tinged with pink in the centre. Zip rose-colour, scarcely larger 
than the sepals, spreading, three-lobed: lateral lobes small, lu- 
nate ; middle one exactly ovate ; at its base is a downy, fleshy, 
prominent, furrowed gland. Pollen-masses two, attached to a 
long caudicle, with a gland at its base. 



Tig. 1. Side view of column and lip. 2. Front view of lip. 3. Pollen- 
masses : — magnified. 



sm 




WFitolvdeT.etlith 



Vincent Brooks, ^P 



Tab. 5213. 

AGAVE YUCCvEFOLIA. 

Yucca-leaved Agave. 



Nat. Ord. Amakyllidace^. — Hexandbia Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. (Fide supra, Tab. 4934.) 



Agave yuccafolia; trunco erecto brevi, foliis glaucis coriaceo-carnosis lorato- 
attenuatis supra canaliculato-concavis subtus obtuse carinatis marginibus 
cartilagineo-serrulatis, exterioribus recurvis, scapo longissirao (20-pedali) 
bracteato, spica terminal! solitaria cylindrica raultiflora, perianthio viridi, 
tubo medio contracto, limbi lobis patentissimis, stamiuibus corolla duplo 
longioribus. 

Agave yuccsefolia. Red. PI. Liliac. v. 6. p. 328. t. 328 et 329. Haw. Snppl. 
p. 41. TFilld. Emm. Suppl. ^.19. Schult. Syst. Veget. v.l.p. 72 5. Kth 
Emm. PI. t>.5. p. 830. 



This very distinct species of Agave, long cultivated in the 
Royal Gardens of Kew, but whose native country is hitherto 
unrecorded, was received by us from the Rio del Monte district, 
Mexico, and is remarkable for the great length of the flower- 
stem or scape in proportion to the rest of the plant, — so tall, 
that long before the flowers began to expand, we were obliged 
to remove the plant from a greenhouse fifteen feet high to a 
loftier building, and support the continually elongating scape 
against the wall. The flowers did not expand till this had at- 
tained a height of twenty feet. The distance of the flowers from 
the spectator renders them inconspicuous ; but when more closely 
inspected, they are by no means insignificantly small, of a bright 
yellow-green, with much exserted yellow large stamens, whose 
filaments and anthers are partially tinged with red. Its flowers 
are produced in a cool greenhouse, in the summer months. 

Descr. Stem or caudex in our plant short, erect, about two 
to three inches thick, scarred with the persistent bases of fallen 
foliage. Leaves numerous, outer and older ones curved, inner 
and younger ones more erect, one to one and a half foot long, 
nearly two inches wide in the broadest part, lorato-acuminate, 
coriaceo-carnose, glaucous, canaliculato-concave above, very ob- 

NOVEMBEB 1ST, I860, 



tusely keeled beneath, the margin cartilaginous and minutely 
denticulate ; scape rising from the centre of the foliage, gradually 
elongating till it has attained a height of twenty feet, one and a 
half or two inches diameter, erect, but not strict, clothed all the 
way with subulate, leafy scales, the lowest ones passing gradually 
into leaves. Spike cylindrical, terminal, oblong, simple, six to 
eight inches long. Flowers often two together, numerous, erect, 
subtended by small bracts. Perianth about an inch long, in- 
fundibuliform, green: the tube a little contracted above the 
ovary; limb of six, spreading, oval, obtuse segments. Stamens 
inserted some way down the tube, yellow, tinged with red : fila- 
ments twice as long as the perianth, stout, erect ; anthers large, 
versatile. 



Fig. 1. Much reduced flowering-plant. 2. Portion of a leaf. 3. A flowering 
spike :— nat. size. 



52J/ h 




WFiteh.dclcthth 



Vincent Brooks, bnf 



Tab. 5214. 
oncidium phymatochilum. 

Warted-lipped Oncidium. 



Nat. Ord. Orchideje. — Gynandria Monandria. 
Gen. Char. (Fide supra, Tab. 4824.) 



Oncidium phymaiochilum ; racemo subpaniculato, sepalis lincaribus acuminatis 
apice recurvis lateralibus longissimis, labelli auriculis convexis dilatatis cre- 
natis, lobo interraedio unguiculato ovato acuminato basi multituberculato, 
columna alis semicordatis acuminatis. Lindl. 

Oncidium phymatochilum. Lindl. in Paxton's Fl. Gard. v. 1. p. 78. n. 123, and 
under t. 18 (woodcut of flowers only), and in Folia Orchidacea, Oncidium, 
p. 54. n. 191. 



The present elegant and delicate species of Oncidium seems 
to have been introduced nearly at the same time (1847) both 
by the late Mr. Clowes and Messrs. Loddiges, and, it is sus- 
pected, from Mexico ; but of that there is no certainty. It is 
rather a free flowerer in the stove, and our drawing was made 
at Kew from Mr. Clowes's plant, in May, I860. The lip is pure 
white, the rest of the flower pale yellow-green, spotted with 
orange-red on the upper side, chocolate-brown beneath. 

Descr. Pseudohulb broad-fusiform, four to five inches long, 
purplish-brown, somewhat compressed, having at the base four, 
large, distichous, imbricating, carinated, and subequitant scales, 
of the same colour, the longest of them the length of the pseudo- 
bulb. This latter bears a large, membranaceous, solitary, obo- 
vato-lanceolate, acute leaf from its apex, twelve to fourteen inches 
long, and three inches broad, striated, with prominent veins on 
the under side. Scape rather slender, a foot and more long, 
terete, green, arising from the base of the pseudobulb, and with- 
in the larger scale, bracteated with appressed, green, acuminated 
scales. Panicle more than a foot long, pendent, slightly com- 
pound ; main rachis zigzag, slender. Flowers moderately nume- 
rous. Petals and sepals- nearly uniform in shape and colour, 
linear-subulate, very delicate and flaccid, sometimes a little 
twisted, the two side sepals the longest, and subfalcate, all of 

NOVEMBER 1ST, 1860. 



tnem pale-green, with blotches of deep-orange on the upper side, 
dull chocolate-colour on the under. Lip moderately large, but 
much shorter than the sepals and petals, trowel-shaped, three- 
lobed, two lateral lobes forming small, spreading, rounded au- 
ricles ; there is a contraction and thickening of the substance be- 
tween these lobes and the terminal lobe, and that portion is 
tubercularly crested, yellow, spotted with orange : terminal lobe 
broad-ovate, finely acuminated, spotless. Column small and 
narrow, its auricles semicordate, and often cut or laciuiated. 
Anther-case conical. 



Kg, 1. Column and lip, — magnified. 






5215. 




Tab. 5215. 

DIANTHUS Seguieri; var. Cancasicus. 

Beguiers Pink ; Caucasian Var. 



Nat. Ord. CaryophyllejE. — Decandria Digynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx tubulosus, 5-dentatus, basi squarais 2-4 oppositis imbri- 
catis. Petala 5, longe unguiculata. Stamina 10. Styli 2. Capsula 1-locularis. 
Semina compressa, hinc convexa, inde concava, peltata. Embryo vix curvatus. 



Dianthus (§ Caryophyllum) Seguieri; caule superne bifido, floribus subfascicu- 

lato-aggregatis v. paniculatis, floribus laxe dispositis, squamis calycinis 

membranaceis ovatis (prsesertim inferioribus) abrupte in acumen lanceolato- 

subulatum tubum sequans vel eodem duplo triplove brevius alternatis, brac- 

teis lanceolatis, foliis oblongo-linearibus linearibusve attenuato-acuminatis 

sub-3-5-nerviis cauleque scabris glabrisve, vaginis folii latitudinem subse- 

quantibus. Ledeb. 
Dianthus Seguieri. Fill. Belph. v. Z.p. 594. Koch, Syn.p. 96. Ledeb. Fl. Boss. 

v. l.p. 277. 
a. floribus fasciculato-aggregatis. Ledeb. I. c. 

D. collinus, Waldst. et Kit. PI. Rar. Hung. v. l.p. 36. t. 8. D. collinus rutheni- 

cus, Fisch. Cat. Hort. Gorenk. 1808, p. 26. D. asper, mild. En. Hort. 

Berol. p. 466. Be Cand. Prodr. v. 1. p. 357. D. Fischeri, Spreng. Cat. 

Hort. Hal. 1810. Be Cand. Prodr. v. l.p. 365. 
/3. floribus brevius pedunculatis approximates non vero fasciculato-aggregatis. 

Ledeb. I. c. 
D. montanus, Bieb. Fl, Taur. Caucus, v. 1. p. 328, v. 3. p. 299. Be Cand. 

Prodr. v. 1. p. 359. D. discolor, Sims, Bot. Mag. t. 1161. D. collinus 

Caucasicus, Fisch. Cat. Hort. Gorenk. 1808, ^j. 96. 
■y. floribus solitariis longius pedunculatis laxe dispositis paniculatis. Ledeb. I. c. 
a. squamis calycinis tubum diraidium superantibus v. totum sequantibus. Ledeb. 

I. c. p. 21 S (under this Ledebour includes the following names with refer- 
ences). 
D. ruthenicus, Roem. in Poiret, Encycl. D. Caucaseus, Sim, Bot. Mag. t. 795 ? 

D. Caucasicus, Be Cand, Prodr. v. l.p. 363. Bieberst. Fl. Taur. Caucas. v. 1. 

pp. 227, 299. C. A. Meyer, etc. D. involucratus, Pallas in Herb. Willd. 

n. 8526. D. guttatus, Bieberst. Fl. Tauric. Caucas. v. 1. p. 382, v. 3. p. 300. 

Be Cand. Prodr. v. l.p. 358. D. pratensis, Bieberst. Fl. Tauric. Caucas. v. 1. 

p. 328, v. 3. p. 300. Be Cand. Prodr. v. l.p. 358. D. chloroleucus, D. 

tataricus and D. ochroleucus of Fisch. D. ibiricus, Willd. Be Cand. Prodr. 

v. l.p. 363. D. Willdenovii, Link, etc. 
j8. squamis calycinis tubum dimidium aequantibus v. brevioribus. Ledeb. I. c. 

p. 278. (Tab. Nostr. 3215.) 

NOVEMBER 1ST, 1860. 



D. deltoides, Georgi. D. versicolor, Fisch. Be Cand. Prodr. v. 1. p. 358. 
D. dentosus, Fisch. et Reichenb. PI. Grit. v. 6. p. 32. t. 546. Ledeb. Fl. 
Alta. v. 2. p. 134. XareZ. erf Kiril. Fhtum. PI. Fl. Altaic, n. 144, etc. 



This very pretty species of Pink is not uncommon in gar- 
dens, but it has gone under so many different names, that it is 
difficult to say which is its most correct one. It is a native of 
the south of Europe, and especially of a great part of Russia and 
Siberia. I here adopt the specific character and synonymy of 
Ledebour, and must refer to him for a more perfect list of the 
latter than I have thought it necessary or convenient to give 
here. My own herbarium contains authentic specimens from 
numerous authors which amply justify Ledebour in uniting so 
many species into one. The chief differences consist in the more 
or less compact flowers, and the relative length of the bracts and 
the calyx. 



Fig. 1. Petal. 2, Pistil : — magnified. 




jm 







Tab. 5216. 
METHONICA grandiflora. 

Large yellow-flowered African Methonica. 



Nat. Ord. Uvulabie;E. — Hexandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4938.) 



Methonica grandiflora ; scandens, floribus diametro 8-pollicaribus, petalis an- 
guste lanceolatis vix undulatis priraum reflexis rectiusculis demum horizon- 
taliter patentibus, styli ramis elongatis unciam longis. 



At our Tab. 4938 we gave a figure of an African species of 
Methonica, Herm. (Gloriosa, Linn, and some authors), M. vires- 
cens, Lindl., which we cannot but regard as distinct from the 
well known Gloriosa superba, derived from extratropical Africa, 
which, after long cultivation, and in the same stove as the Me- 
thonica superba of India, retains all its characters, and these are 
mainly to be sought in the shape and direction of the petals, as 
explained in the description of the plate just referred to. 

We have now the pleasure of representing a second (but tro- 
pical) African species, of which specimens and living roots were 
sent to us in the spring of this year (1860) from the island of 
Fernando Po, by our energetic plant-collector there, M. Gustav 
Mann. The growth from these tuberous roots has been very 
rapid, and the rafters of the stove were soon clothed with the 
leafy branches and the copious flowers, such as are here repre- 
sented, from the month of July till the end of September. These 
flowers are as distinct from M. virescens as that is from M. su- 
perba. Indeed, this very western species agrees in the general 
structure of the flower better with the latter than with the for- 
mer ; but in our cultivated plant it is nearly twice the size of 
either of the other species, and the petals (totally different in co- 
lour) altogether want the remarkably crisped character of those 
of M. gloriosa. Here, too, the branches of the style are singu- 
larly elongated. Future researches may teach us whether the 

NOVEMBER 1ST, 1860. 



three are or are not in reality forms of one and the same 
species. 

The following notes, derived entirely from native samples in 
my herbarium, may help to clear up some of the difficulties at- 
tending the discrimination of the species, if, as I am inclined to 
believe, they be really such. 

1. Methonica superba, Lam. (Gloriosa superba, Linn.). — All 
my Indian specimens, and the species seems to be exclusively 
Indian, and from various parts of that extensive region, Ceylon 
and the Madras Peninsula in the west, to Bengal and the Malay 
Peninsula, Tavoy {Wallich), Siam (Schomburgk), Banjermassing, 
Borneo {Motley) in the east, and to Kumaon (elev. 4,800 feet, 
in the north, Strachey and Winterbottom) ; all, without a single 
exception, exhibit the very narrow, refracted, and yet tolerably 
straight, deeply undulato-crispate petals, so characteristic of this 
species. 

2. M. virescens, Lindl. (see our Tab. 4938). — Of this my de- 
cided native specimens, with quite spathulate petals, scarcely un- 
dulated, and never crisped, as in M. superba, are from South 
Africa, viz. Albany and Natal. My others. are cultivated speci- 
mens from native roots ; but all agree in the broad superior part 
of the petal, with the apices recurved over the centre of the 
flower. These petals are seldom seen in a horizontal position, 
in this respect agreeing with M. superba. 

3. M. Abyssinica, Achil. Richard, from Abyssinia, as its name 
implies. — I have received this, with the above name attached, from 
the Mus. Herb. Paris in. 346), and also from Dr. Hochstetter, 
under the name of Clinostylis speciosa, Hochst,, in "Flora, 1844, 
p. 46." The height of each of my two specimens, including the 
rather long and stout tuber, is under two feet, and there appears 
no disposition to branch* or to be scandent ; the leaves appear 
to be nearly all opposite, and the upper ones alone are cirrhife- 
rous, with small and very weak tendrils. Can this be due to a 
dry soil and burning climate ? The petals are very broad-lan- 
ceolate, (not dilated upwards,) apparently of a uniform orange- 
colour ; one of the flowers has the refracted petals with recurved 
apices, as in M. virescens. But the stamens and style and 
anthers are shorter ; and I may have erred in considering this a 
form of M. virescens, under our Tab. 4938. 

4. M. yrandiflora, Hook. — Specimens in my herbarium, which 
I would confidently refer to this, and agreeing with the charac- 
ters here given, are from tropical, and chiefly tropical Western, 
Africa; Fernando Po, n. 72, M. Gustav Mann; Sierra Leone, 
Mr. Morson, from the Herb, of Robert Brown; Great Bassa 

* 1 find among a collection of Abyssinian plants, lately the property of Mr. 
Kobert Brown, a specimen evidently of the same plant, gathered by Dr. Eohr, 
at Aha Amba, which is branched and subscandent. 



river, Dr. Vogel ; very fine specimens, with all the flowers appa- 
rently yellow, but accompanied by the remark of Vogel, " flowers 
red ; when young yellow." Good specimens from the late Mr. 
Barter, n. 164, from Aboh, with flowers apparently all over deep 
red; and again, n. 1517, "Niger," with rather smaller flowers; 
petals, with the lower half and more, yellow, the rest deep red, 
and a red line down to the base ; and they are accompanied by 
this remark, — " A very variable plant in size and in the colour of 
its flowers, but the differences appear to be dependent merely 
upon the place of growth ; thus, in deep shady ravines, the plant 
grows twelve feet high, with flowers pale yellow or almost green. 
In hot sandy plains it does not attain four feet in height, and the 
flowers are deep crimson. In general, however, the flowers are 
yellow, and not unfrequently have a crimson line up the centre. 
Negro girls place this flower in their hair with very pretty effect." 
Lastly, I possess, from Mozambique, on the east coast of tropical 
Africa, specimens gathered by Forbes, of which the flowers seem 
to be yellow, and which I can in no way distinguish from the M. 
grandiflora here figured. Even should these not prove perma- 
nently distinct, all the kinds are eminently deserving of cultiva- 
tion. They are ready flowerers, and the foliage, as w r ell as the 
differently coloured petals, render them highly ornamental. 

Descr. General habit of the plant and foliage resembling the 
other species of the genus, but the growth is with us more vigo- 
rous and rampant. Flower-buds before expansion full three 
inches long. Petals, soon after the bursting of the bud, closely 
refracted and nearly straight, but before they attain their full 
size they fall into a horizontal position, and remain so at least 
for a day, at which period the flower seems to be in its most 
perfect state, measuring eight inches across, all over of a sul- 
phur-yellow colour, green only at the broad claws : in withering 
the petals become tawny, and are marcescent. Their shape is 
narrow-lanceolate, scarcely waved at the margin : at the superior 
base is an elevated fleshy elongated nectary, deeply channelled 
and very downy. The ji 'laments are more than two inches long, 
the anthers three quarters of an inch. Style three inches long ; 
its branches one inch long : these are, both in M. gloriosa and 
M. virescens, very short. An unripe capsule measures three 
inches in length, and is deeply trisulcate. 



Fig. 1. A leaf from an older part of the plant, — not. size. 2. Pistil, — slightly 
magnified. 




mi. 



"to'Btcfci.aa etTtth. 



"Vincent Brc 



Tab. 5217. 

SARCANTHUS Parishii. 

Mr. Parish's Sarcanthus. 



Nat. Ord. Orchiue.e. — Gynandria Monandria. 
Gen. Cliar. (Vide supra, Tab. 4693.) 



Sarcanthus Parishii; foliis loratis apice oblique bilobis obtusis, spicis simpli- 
cibus, sepalis petalisque breviter oblongis obtusis planis jaurcis vitlis 2 
parallelis rubris, labelli calcare ovario asquilongo curvato obtuso in labcllurn 
brevissimum subtrulliforme roseum producto. 



Sent by the Rev. C. S. P. Parish, of Moulmaine, toMessrs. 
Low, of the Clapton Nursery, with whom it flowered in August 
of the present year. 

Descr. Plant small, with the stem short, and apparently not 
tending to elongate, as in its curious terete-leaved congeners, S. 
filiformis and S. teretifolius. Leaves distichous, spreading, or 
recurved, four to five inches long, three-quarters of an inch broad, 
rather firm and fleshy, deep-green, keeled at the back from being 
somewhat longitudinally complicate, the apex very unequally and 
bluntly bilobed, with a shallow acute sinus. Spikes as long as 
the leaves, slender and flexuose, quite simple in our plant, shortly 
peduncled. Flowers rather loosely disposed, small, brightly-co- 
loured, about one-third of an inch across. Sepals and petals 
shortly oblong, blunt, plane, golden-yellow, with two broad lon- 
gitudinal red bands that do not extend beyond two-thirds of 
their length. Lip short, small, of irregular figure, pale rose- 
coloured, produced anteriorly into a short, broad, rather concave, 
trulliform lamina, and posteriorly into a curved, stout, cylindrical 
spur as long as the ovary. — /. I). H. 



Fig. 1. Front view of a flower. 2. Side view of tbe column and lip. 3, 4. 
Front and side view of the pollen-masses : — magnified. 



DECEMBER 1ST, 1860. 



sm 







Tab. 5218. 

CYRTANTHUS (GASTRONEMA) sanguineus. 

Med-Jloicered Cyrtanthus. 



Nat. Ord. AmaryllidacEjE. — Hexandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Cliar. Perigoniiim superum, corollaceum, elongato-tubuloso-infundibu- 
lare, limbo 6-fidum curvatum, interdum parum ventricosum ; laciniis brc\ ibus, 
subaequilongis, multinerviis ; exterioribus calloso-acutis ; interioribus latioribus, 
obtusis. Stamina 6, supra medium tubi libera, recta (in Gastronemate conni- 
ventia, 3 defiexa), inclusa, alterna longiora. Antlieree lineares, dorso infra medium 
affixa?, mobiles. Ovarium iuferum, trigonum, triloculare ; ovula in loculis crebra, 
biseriata, funiculata, horizontalia (in sicco adscendentia, Endl.). Columna stylina 
filiformis, erecta vel declinata, stamina superans, exserta. Stigma leviter trifidum. 
Capsula trigono-ovata, trilocularis, loculicido-trivalvis. Semina plurima, paleaceo- 
compressa, testa nigra. — Herbae Capenses, bulbiferce, scapigera. Bulbus tuni- 
catus. Folia elongata, angusta, plana vel subcanaliculata, Scapus teretiusculus 
vel compressiusculuSyfistulosus. Spatlia %-polyphyUa, uni-muUiflora. Mores pedi- 
cellati, bracteis linearibus scariosis interstincti, scepe penduli. Kth. 



Cyrtanthus (Gastronema) sanguineus; foliis solitariis lineari-spathulatis ob- 
tusis viridibus, caule unifloro longioribus, spatha diphylla tubo perianthii 
aequali, flore sessili vel pedunculato suberecto, tubo tereti in faucem obco- 
nicam ampliato, limbi patuli recurvi laciniis oblongis sequalibus concolo- 
ribus. Lindl. 

Gastronema sanguineum. Lindl. in Journ. of Hort. Soc. of Lond. v. 3. p. 315 
(with a woodcut). 



This is, as Dr. Lindley says, who first named and described 
it, a very handsome plant, deserving general cultivation, even in 
the most select collections. It is a native of Caffraria, and was 
imported by Messrs. Backhouse, the eminent nurserymen of 
York, and presented by them to the Horticultural Society of 
London in 1846. Dr. Lindley adopts the genus Gastronema of 
Herbert, which scarcely differs from Cyrtanthus but in the " fila- 
ments of the stamens being connivent, of which two are de- 
flexed;" so that it is now generally considered a section of Cyr- 
tanthus. It flowered in the greenhouse at Kew in August of 
the present year (1860). 

Descr. The bulbous root we have not seen. The leaves are 
dark green, scarcely glaucous, radical, lanceolate, tapering into a 

DECEMBER 1ST, 1860. 



rounded petiole, slightly keeled at the back, and with a depressed 
line in front. The stem or scape is terete, subglaucous, hollow, 
three to four inches high, supports a solitary flower, and bears 
at its summit two long, whitish, linear, membranaceous bracteas. 
Peduncle (in our plant ; wanting in the figure given by Lindley, 
where the ovary is sessile) two or more inches long, one-flowered. 
Perianth large, infundibuliform, tubular at the base, the limb 
very broad, of six oblong, spreading, recurved, mucronate seg- 
ments, bright orange-red within, externally yellowish, with six 
red streaks. Stamens six, inserted at the throat, three longer 
than the rest, all connivent. Ovary oblong, dark-green. Style 
as long as the tube. Stigma three-cleft, the segments linear. 



Fig. 1. Flower, laid open. 2. Pistil: — magnified. 






,5219. 




Vmceri Brooks, imp. 



Tab. 5219. 

SONCHUS GUMMIFER. 

Gum-bearing Sow-thistle. 



Nat. Orel. Composite. — Syngenesia ^Equalis. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 5211.) 



Sonchus gummifer ; fruticosus glaber glaucescens ; foliis subpectinato-pinnati- 
partitis, pinnis cum lobo terminali oblongo-triangulari acutis deute uno 
alterove munitis, radicalibus (seu inferioribus) minute auriculatis, caulinis 
parvis cordato-auriculatis ; corymbi compositi (vel pauciflori) pedicellis sub- 
nudis (apice insigniter dilatatis spongiosis coloratis), capitulis post anthesin 
cernuis ; involucri imbricati squamis exterioribus ovatis acutis interioribus 
lhiearibus, receptaculo areolato floribus glabris, acheniis striatis glabris, 
pappo caduco niveo subuniseriali. Webb. 

Sonchus gummifer. Link (ex Webb, qui specimen herbarii Berolin. comparavit) 
in Buch. Canar. p. 146 et 164. Webb, Canar. t. 129. Spreng. Syst. Veget. 
p. 647- Be Cand. Prodr. v. l.p. 188. 



This is another of the fruticose Sonchuses, which appear to 
be almost peculiar to the Canary Islands, and which our friend 
Mr. Wilson Saunders has lately introduced to his and other 
English gardens. The Sonchus radicatus of Aiton is given at 
our Tab. 5211 : the present species is very different in its fo- 
liage, and in the much taller shrubby stem. I refer it to the 
S. ffummi/er of Link and Webb with some degree of doubt, for 
the flowers are larger, and fewer upon a panicle, and there is at 
the apex of the pedicels a remarkable coloured expansion of a 
spongy nature, somewhat resembling the apophysis of a Splach- 
num, which is neither figured nor described by Webb. In all 
other respects the two appear to be identical, and the distinct 
presence of this apophysis may be due to the specimen from 
which our figure is taken being a living one. It flowered in 
Mr Saunders's greenhouse at Reigate in July, 1860. It was 
received bv that gentleman from Dr. Bolle, who found it in 
rocky places. In regard to the specific name of gummifer, Mr. 

DECEMBER 1ST, 1860. 



Webb observes, 1. c. : " Omnes Cickoriacea vulneratse succum 
fundunt lacteum, in gummi sic dictum coagulans, praecipue 
SoncM, non vero prae aliis species nostra, quare nomen Linkii spe- 
cificum non characteristicum.". 

Descr. Stem fruticose, but greenish, two to three feet high, 
erect or flexuose, nearly as stout as one's finger. Leaves approxi- 
mate, broad-lanceolate, glaucous green, lanceolato-runcinato-pin- 
natifid rather than pinnate, winged below, auriculate, and semi- 
amplexicaul ; the segments subovate, acute, often deflexed, here 
and there irregularly toothed. Panicle terminal (in our speci- 
men few-flowered). Pedicels two to three inches long, foliaceo- 
bracteated at the base, just beneath the flower expanding into a 
large spongy red-brown, turbinate or hemispherical apophysis, 
which supports the capitulum. Involucre small, of a few imbri- 
cated green scales, with a whitish margin, outer ones short, 
interior ones oblong. Florets all uniform, yellow. Corolla with 
the tube pubescent. Ovary narrow, oblong, crowned with a 
white silky pappus. Style downy. Branches of the stigma 
long-linear, revolute. 



Fig. 1. Floret. 2. Hair from the pappus. 3. Apex of style -.— magnified. 



5220. 




i x -r' 



' 






Tab. 5220. 
GUZMANNIA tricolor. 

Three-coloured Guzmannia. 



Nat. Ord. Bromeliace^:. — Hexandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Perigonii liberi sexpartiti laciniee exteriores calycinae asquales, basi 
cohserentes, spiraliter convolutae, interiores petaloidere, inferne teneriores in tubura 
convolutse, apice firmiores, erectas, basi intus nudae. Stamina 6, bypogyna ; fila- 
menta basi perigonii laciniis interioribus agglutinata, superne latiora, apice con- 
nata; anthera dorso affixae, utrinque acuta?, ia cylindrum coalitse. Ovarium 
liberum, triloculare. Ovula in loculorum angulo centrali prope basim plurima 
biseriata, adscendentia, anatropa. Stylus filiformis ; stigmata 3, linearis, brevia, 
erecta. Capsula cartilaginea, oblongo-cylindracea, trilocularis, loculicido-trivalvis, 
valvis endocarpio mox soluto duplicatis, explanatis vel tortis. Semina plurima, 
e basi dissepimentorum erecta, oblonga, acuminata, pilis papposis stipata. — 
Herba Americana tropica; foliis radicalibus lineari-ensiformibus cartilagineis, 
planis, basi involutis ; scapo inferne squamoso, floribus spicatis inter Iracteas la- 
tentibus. Endl. 



Guzmannia tricolor. 

Guzmannia tricolor. Ruiz et Pav. Ft. Per. et CHI. v. S. p. 38. t. 261. Lodd. 
Bot. Cab. t. 462. Lindl. Coll. Bot. t. 8. Hook. Exot. Fl. t. 163 (bis). 
Rcem. et Schult. Syst. Veget. v. l.p. 1231. 

Pourrettia sympaganthera. Ruiz et Pav. Syst. p. 82. 



When in flower this is a very gay-coloured and handsome 
Bromeliaceous plant, and deserves the name quadricolor as much 
as or better than tricolor, for it exhibits in its inflorescence four 
very striking and different colours ; the numerous and large 
closely imbricated bracts are, below, yellow-green, deeply and 
longitudinally streaked with purplish-black ; the superior bracts 
are bright red, and the flowers are pure white. It was first 
described as a native of Peru, but has since been found in 
Guayaquil, in St. Domingo, and in Jamaica. It is easily culti- 
vated in a moist stove., and blossoms in the summer months. 
Only one species of this pretty genus is known. 

Descr. This quite resembles a Tillandma or Bromelia in its 
mode of growth, and is everywhere glabrous. Leaves all radical, 
broad, linear-ensiform, involute, and broad and concave at the 

DECEMBER 1ST, 1860. 



sheathing base, the rest broadly channelled, minutely striated, 
the margin quite entire, the apex rather apiculate than acumi- 
nate ; colour a full green ; their length varies from one to two 
feet. Scape as long as the leaves, central, erect, almost resem- 
bling, with its young inflorescence, a head of Asparagus, below, 
at the very base, clothed with long, sterile, acuminated bracteas, 
above with short, ovate, acute, closely imbricated fertile ones, these 
of a bright and pale yellow-green, richly streaked with blackish- 
purple ; towards the apex of the spike they are tinged with red, 
and at the very apex they are rich scarlet. Calyx deeply cut 
into three oblong segments, rigid and white, erect. Corolla 
white. The other parts of the flower are as described in the 
generic character. 



Fig. 1. Bract, with its flower. 2. Corolla, laid open. 3. Pistil. 



5ni. 




■ Jd-etM. 






Tab. 522 I. 
CHAM^ROPS Fortunei. 

Mr. Fortune's Chamarops. 



Nat. Ord. Palm.«. — Polygamia Dkecia. 

Gen. Char. Flores polygamo-dioici (alii hermaphroditi, alii masculi in eadeno 
vel in diversa stirpe), in spadice spathis (2-4) incompletis cincto, scssiles, vel bre- 
viter pedicellati, bracteati. — Masc. Calyx exterior 3-partitus; interior 3-sepalus; 
prgefloratio valvata. Stamina 6-9 ; filamenta basi connata ; anihera lineari-ob- 
longae, basi cordatse (ovatse v. oblongae, Endl). Ovaria tria, rarius plura, dis- 
tincta. Stigmata subulata, sessilia (subsessilia, Endl.). Bacca tres, rarius plures, 
interdum abortu pauciores, 1-spermse. Albumen corneum, irregulariter rumi- 
nato-variegatum. Embryo dorsalis. — Plantse subacaules vel caudice donate, me- 
diocri, irregulariter cicutrizato, et frondium basibus persistent ibus coronata. Prondes 
palmato-multijid(E, rigidul<z; laciniis induplicatis, apice fissis, jilis inter jectis nullis; 
petioli margine aculeis patentibus serrati vel denticulati, basi in fibrillitiem scape 
amplum extensi. Spatha coriacea, oblique aperta. Spadix simpliciter vel com- 
posito-ramosus, dense floriger ; ravtis spathellatis. ~F\ores jlavi v.Jlavo-virescentes. 
Baccse olivaformes velsubglobosfB,Jlavescentes,fi(scidul(S aid cyanem ; czvne' spissa, 
parca. Nuclei fusci, nnmerus partiumfioris, hand ran a /ictus, loco ternario qua- 
ternarius, quinarius vel senarius. Kth. ' 

CHAMiEROPs Fortunei; polygamo-dioica, caudice mediocri frondium fibrillitie 
panniformi caudice appresso, petiolis margine inermibus aut denticulato- 
scabriusculis, laminae digitato-multipartita: laciniis apice pendulis linearibus 
obtusiusculis bidentatis v. breviter bifidis, spadice paniculato-ramoso, ovariis 
hirsutis. 

Cham.erops excelsa of English gardens. 

The Palm above described is now well known as " Mr. For- 
tune s Chusan Palm," and has attracted considerable attention 
on account of its comparative hardiness. It is indeed the most 
hardy of all these princes of the vegetable kingdom that is as yet 
known to us, and the only one that has been proved to stand 
almost unprotected throughout the last ten winters in the lati- 
tude of London. In the Isle of Wight, under the shelter of the 
Royal residence of Osborne, it has attained a height of ten feet 
in the open air, six feet being the height of the stem below the 
foliage, and its diameter fourteen inches at one foot from the 
ground ; it has blossomed for the last three years, with no pro- 
tection during the winter.* Our plants at Kew were introduced 
by Mr. Fortune, in 1849, and have attained eight feet in height ; 
the finest are moved into a conservatory during the winter, but 
others receive no other protection than a matting in the severest 
winter months. 

We have taken great pains to determine the name and affinity 

Chamarops hnmilis is also flourishing in the open air at Osborne, but re- 
quires a little protection in the severest weather. 

DECEMBER 1ST, 18G0, 



of this interesting plant, which certainly approaches very closely 
indeed to the C. excelsa, Mart., a species discovered and described 
by Thunberg, figured by Martius, and of which a noble speci- 
men, twenty-eight feet high, received from Japan, through Dr. 
Siebold, flourishes in the Palm house at Kew. To this we 
were strongly inclined to refer Mr. Fortune's palm, notwith- 
standing that the C. excelsa was never supposed to be even half- 
hardy, both because of its near resemblance and because Thun- 
berg states C. excelsa to be a native of China and only intro- 
duced into Japan. Mr. Smith, however, has always considered 
them different, and after a close comparison we are disposed to 
agree with him, on the following accounts : — C. Fortunei is a 
more robust species, with more compact and appressed matted 
network of fibres amongst the bases of the petioles, much stouter 
shorter petioles, less glaucous more shining foliage, far broader 
segments of the leaves, and pendulous apices to these. The 
flowers of the two are nearly alike, and the fruit of C. Fortunei 
is unknown ; that figured for it at Figs. 6 and 7 of our Plate 
was introduced by error, and should be expunged. 

Descr. The caudex or stem, in its native climate, eight to 
twelve feet high (exclusive of the crown of leaves), the lower por- 
tion marked transversely with the numerous scars of the fallen 
leaves, the upper portion exhibits the bases of the petioles of the 
old leaves, mixed with a good deal of coarse transverse fibre, 
which also abounds among the perfect foliage. Fronds forming 
a handsome, more or less spreading crown to the caudex. Pe- 
tioles a foot and a half or more long, convex below, nearly plain 
above, the margin quite unarmed, or very obscurely toothed, in 
which respect it differs widely from the better-known Ch. Immi- 
lis. Lamina semiorbicular, flabellate, a foot and a half long and 
broad, deeply plaited, cut for about a half or more of the way 
down into numerous linear segments, which are j— 1 inch broad, 
pendulous towards their apices. Spadix small in proportion to 
the plant, and consequently not very conspicuous, emerging from 
several imbricating leafy bracts, forming the spatha, and con- 
stituting a dense thyrsoid panicle, more than a span long, and 
clothed with yellow flowers, scarcely so large as those of the 
Lily of the Valley. Peduncles mdpritnary branches thick : ulti- 
mate brandies pubescent. Flowers sessile, rarely perfect, mostly 
male or female. Calyx small, of three sepals. Corolla of three 
orbicular petals. Stamens inserted on the base of the petals. 
Ovaries three, ovate, hairy, tapering upwards into a thick subu- 
late style. 

Fig. 1. Very reduced figure of flowering plant. 2. Spatha and spadix : — 
natural size. 3. Female flower. 4. Petal and stamen. 5. Ovaries. (N-B. 
Figures fi and 7 are fruits of another plant, unintentionally introduced, and are 
to be cancelled) :— all but Figs. 1 and i magnified. 



5222. 




ctlitk 



"Vir-cent Brooks, Imp. 



Tab. 5222. 

SOLA.NUM RUNCINATUM, 

Buncinate-leaved Solanum. 



Nat. Ord. Solanace.e.— Pentandria Monogynia. 

Gen Char Calyx 5-(rarius 4-6-1 0-)partitus, fidus, dentatus crenatusve atque 
etiam integer. Corolla rotata, cupularis vel patellaris, tubo brevi, limbo plicato, 
5 (rarius 4 vel 6-)fido, partito vel angulari. Stamina 5, ranus 4 vel 6, corollae 
faoct adnata, pleruroque exsertz ; Jilamenta brevissima, aequalia vel rarius uke- 
qualia AUkera libera, apice poris geminis dehiscentes, conmventes, rarissnne 
connate sequales vel interdura inaequales, loculis latenbus connective- non 
conspicuo adnatis. Ovarium 2- (rarius 3-4) loculare, placentis dissepimeuto 
insertis adnatis multiovulatis. Stylus simplex. Stigma obtusum. Bacca 2- 
(rarius 3-4)locularis. Semina plurima, subreniformia, compressa. Embryo 
periphericus, spiralis, albumen carnosum includens. Bunal. 



Solanum (5 Pachystemonum) runcinatum ; caule herbaceo procumbente angu- 
loso succoso fragili, foliia puberulis pinnatifidis 5-7-lobis, lobis smubusque 
obtusis, corollis revolutis 5-fidis, laciniis late ovatis acutis, baccis parvis 
globosis. 

Solanum runcinatum. Ruiz et Pav. Fl. Peruv. et Chil. v. I.p. 36. Bern. * 
Schult. Syst. Veget. v. 4. p. 579 in not. Spreng. Syst. Veget. v. 1. p. b7» 
(sub S. quercifolium). De Cand. Prodr. v. 13. P. 1. p. 70. 



The genus Solanum, notwithstanding it is now shorn of many 
of its original species, still, on account of the numerous recent 
additions by the researches of botanists and travellers, includes, 
under two primary sections and numerous subsections and di- 
visions and subdivisions, no less than 834 species, according to 
Dunal, in De Candolle's • Prodromus.' Our present species, in 
that work, ranks under the first section, Pachystemonum, and the 
third subsection, Dulcamara, the same to which our Bitter- 
sweet belongs. It is a native of Chili, and was raised at Kew, 
from seeds° sent from Coquimbo. It is a really ornamental 
species, and well deserving of cultivation in a greenhouse, con- 
tinuing a long time in flower during the summer months. The 
corolla's are of a bright purple-colour, with five blood-red stand- 
points radiating from the base of the lobes, while the large an- 
thers are yellow, from between which the green clavate stigma 
is protruded. 

DECEMBER 1ST, I860. 



Descu. The plant is herbaceous, yet perennial. The stem 
more or less procumbent or ascending, angled, green, slightly 
glanduloso-pubescent. Leaves alternate, two to three inches 
Jong, with five or nine undulate segments, waved at the mar- 
gin, but otherwise entire : these segments are oblong, obtuse,- 
five to seven on each leaf. The flowers droop and form a com- 
pound cyme, with slender pedicels. The corolla as large as and 
the shape of that of 8. tuberosum, of a rather bright colour, with 
five rays of dark blood-colour. The anthers oblong, bright, al- 
most golden-yellow, and very conspicuous : filaments very short. 
Ovary glabrous, oval ; style thick, flexuose, pubescenti-villous. 
Stigma large, club-shaped, green. 



Fig. 1. Stamen. 2. Pistil -.—magnified.