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Full text of "Curtis's botanical magazine."

CURTIS'S 



BOTANICAL MAGAZINE, 



COMPRISING THE 



Pants of tht &opai #artien$ of luto 

AND 

OF OTHER BOTANICAL ESTABLISHMENTS IN GREAT BRITAIN; 
WITH SUITABLE DESCRIPTIONS; 

BY 

SIR WILLIAM JACKSON HOOKER, K.H., D.C.L. Oxon., 

F.L.S., CORRESPONDING MEMBER OF THE ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE IMPERIAL INSTITUTE 
OF FRANCE, AND DIRECTOR OF THE ROYAL GARDENS OF KEW. 



VOL. XVII. 

OF THE THIRD SERTES; 

(Or Fol.LXXXril. of the Whole Work.) 




" Who loves a garden loves a greenhouse too : 
Unconscious of a less propitious clime, 
There blooms exotic beauty, warm and snug, 
While the winds whistle and the snows descend. 



LONDON: 
LOVELL REEVE & CO., HENRIETTA STREET, COVENT GARDEN. 

1861. 




JOHN EDWARD TAYLOR. PKINTKK, 
LITTLE QUEEN STKEET, LINCOLN'S INN FIELDS. 



DR. FREDERICK MUELLER, PH. ET M.D., 

FELLOW OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF LONDON, 

ETC. ETC. ETC., 

THE ENLIGHTENED AND ENERGETIC GOVERNMENT BOTANIST AT VICTORIA, 

AUSTRALIA, 

DIRECTOR OF THE GOVERNMENT BOTANIC GARDEN OF MELBOURNE, 

WHO HA8 ADVANCED OUR KNOWLEDGE OF THE BOTANY OF ALL AUSTRALIA 

IN SO EMINENT A DEGREE, BY HIS WRITINGS AND BY HIS TRAVELS, 

ESPECIALLY IN THE AUSTRALIAN ALPS, 

AS TO JUSTIFY THE RESPECTIVE GOVERNORS OF 

THAT VAST TERRITORY IN PROMOTING THE PUBLICATION OF A 

" FLORA AUSTRALIA A," 
&jxe pr*smt IB ohm is g*bixaittr, 

WITH THE SENTIMENTS OF THE HIGHEST REGARD AND AFFECTION, BY 

THE AUTHOE. 



Royal Gardens, Kew, 
December 31, 1861. 



INDEX, 

In which the Latin Names of the Plants contained in the 
Seventeenth Volume of the Third Series (or Eighty- 
seventh Volume of the Work) are alphabetically arranged. 



Plate. 

5235 iEchmea ilelinonii. 
5250 Amomum Clusii. 
5267 Arissema prrecox. 
5266 Arnebia Griffithii. 
5256 Begonia glandulosa. 

5254 phyllomaniaca. 

5244 Beloperone violacea. 

5270 Billbergia bivittata. 

5 2 5 5 Caladium bicolor ; var. Chantini. 

• 5263 var. Verschaf- 

felti. 
5233 Calopetalon ringens. 
5228 Centradenia granditblia. 

5264 Cerinthe retorta. 

5231 Chenopodium purpurascens. 

5265 Chysis aurea ; var. Lemminghei. 
5241 Cistus vaginatus. 

5236 Coleus inflatus. 

5243 Convolvulus Mauritanicus. 
5227 Cosmos diversifolius ; var. atro- 
sanguineus. 

5271 Craspedia Bichea. 
5932 Cuphea Jorullensis. 

5261 Dendrobium Hilli. 

5249 ■ linguaeforme. 

5252 Dimorphotheca graminifolia. 
5248 Dracaena bicolor. 
5240 Drosera spathulata. 
5281 Echinacea angustifolia. 

5262 Gomphia olivEeformis. 
5275 Gonatanthus sarmentosus. 
5239 Gustavia pterocarpa. 



Plate. 

5280 
5272 

5269 
5276 
5237 
5259 
5258 
5247 
5223 
5273 
5245 
5230 
5260 
5282 
5234 
5225 
5238 

5257 
5274 
5277 
5868 
5278 
5253 
5251 
5226 
5229 
5246 
5279 
5242 



Hoya (Otostemma) lacunosa ; 

var. pallidiflora. 

Shepherdi. 

Impatiens flaccida. 

TValkeri. 

Lepanthes calodictyon. 
Lindenia rivalis. 
Malortiea simplex. 
Musa Ensete. 
Mntisia decurrens. 
Paritium elatum. 
Pentagonia Wendlandi. 
Pentstemon spectabilis. 
Phyllagathis rotundifolia. 
Puya grandiflora. 

Warszewiczii. 

Polygonum Cbinense ; foliis 

pictis. 
Bestrepia Lansbergii. 
Salvia cacalisefolia. 
Spiranthes cernua. 
Spigelia splendens. 
Stanhopea bucephalus. 
Stenogaster concinna. 
Streptocarpus Saundersii. 
Tabernsemontana grandiflora. 
Tillandsia pulchella. 

■ recurvifolia. 

Vaccinium Imrayi. 
Zamia Skinneri. 



INDEX, 

In which the English Names of the Plants contained in the 
Seventeenth Volume of the Third Series (or Eighty- 
seventh Volume of the Work) are alphabetically arranged. 



Plate. 

5235 iEchmea, copious-flowered. 

5267 Arisaema, early-flowering. 

5266 Arnebia, Griffith's. 

5237 Balsam, red-flowered. 

5276 soft-leaved. 

5256 Begonia, glandular-leaved. 

5254 -■ ■ proliferous-stemmed. 

5244 Beloperone; violet-flowered. 
5270 Billbergia, ribbanded. 

5243 Bindweed, Mauritanian. 

5238 Buckwheat, Chinese painted- 

leaved. 

5255 Caladium, two-coloured ; Chan- 

tin's var. 
5263 two - coloured ; Ver- 

schaffelt's var. 
5233 Calopetalon, ringent. 
5228 Centradenia, large-leaved. 

5264 Cerinthe, curve-flowered. 

5265 Chysis, golden-flowered ; var. 

Lemminghei. 

5241 Cistus, sheath-leaved. 

5236 Coleus, inflated. 

5227 Cosmos, various -leaved ; deep 
blood-flowered var. 

5271 Craspedia, glaucous- leaved. 

5232 Cuphea, Jorullo. 

5261 Deudrobium, Mr. Hill's. 

5249 linguiform. 

5252 Dimorphotheca, grassy-leaved. 

5248 Dracaena, broad-leaved two-co- 
loured. 

5281 Echinacea, narrow-leaved. 

5223 Ensete, or Bruce's Banana. 



Plate. 

5262 Gomphia, olive-fruited. 
5275 Gonatanthus sarmentose. 
5231 Goosefoot, purple. 
5239 Gustavia, wing-fruited. 
5280 Higginsia, royal. 

5272 Hoy a, furrowed ; pale- flowered 

var. 

5269 Mr. Shepherd's. 

5259 Lepanthes, net-leaved. 
5258 Lindenia, riverside. 
5247 Malortiea, simple-leaved. 

5273 Mutisia, decurvent-leaved. 
5250 Paradise, Grain of, golden- 
flowered. 

5245 Paritium, lofty, or Cuba-ba-i 
5230 Pentagonia, Wendland's. 
5260 Pentstemon, beautiful. 
5282 Phyllagathis, round-leaved. 
5234 Puya, large-flowered. 

5225 Warszewicz's. 

5257 Restrepia, Lansberg's. 
5274 Sage, cacalia-leaved. 
5268 Spigelia, brilliant. 

5277 Spiranthes, drooping-flowered. 

5278 Stanhopea, bull-hcrned. 
5253 Stenogaster, neat. 

5251 Streptocarpus, Mr. Saunders's. 
5240 Sundew, spathulate. 
5226 Tabernaemontana, large - flow- 
ered. 
5229 Tillandsia, delicate. 
5246 recurved-leaved. 

5279 Yaccinium, Dr. Imray's. 
5242 Zamia, Mr. Skinner's. 







WBtea,a<: 






Tab. 5223, 5224 

MUSA Ensete. 
JEnsete, or Bruce s Banana. 

Nat. Ord. MUSACE.E. — POLYGAMIA MoN(ECIA. 

Gen. Char. Perigonium epigyuum, bilabiatum ; labium inferius tubulosum, 
postice usque ad basin fissum, apice quinquelobum ; superius concavura, nanum, 
ampleeteus. Stamina 5, sexto postico abortive Ovarium inferum, triloculare! 
Ooitla in loculorum angulo centrali plurima, biseriata, horizontalia, auatropa. 
Stylus crassus; stigma infundibuliformi-clavatum, breviter sex-lobum. Bacca 
oblonga, angulata, trilocularis, seminibus plurimis in pulpa nidulantibus stepius 
effoetis farcta. Semina depressiuscula, subglobosa, testa Crustacea, atra, ad utnbi- 
hcutn impressa. Embryo orthotropus, fungiforniis, in axi albuminis s'ubfarinosi, 
extrenutate radiculari umbilicum attingente, centripeta. — Herb* geronlogea, tro- 
pica? vel subtropical, in Americam inlroductce, gigantea; trunco e petiolorum vagi- 
nis longissimis scapura radicalem, solo apice liberum, florifermn velanlibits conflato; 
lamina foliorum amplissima, valde nervosa; floribus in axilla spatharum confertis, 
ebracteatis. Endl. 



Musa Ensete, excelsa (40-pedalis) perennis, stolonibus nullis, caule basin versus 
valde incrassato, foliis brevi-petiolatis (vaginis longissimis) oblongis acutis 
firmis, costa valida dorso purpureo-fusco, spadice brevi-petiolato nutante 
dense spathaceo, spathis amplis, floribus densissimis compactis, perigonii 
labio minore longe mucronato, fructibus oblongo-pyriformibus abortu 1-3- 
spermis, serainibus magnitudine coryli avellana?. 

Musa Ensete. Gmel. Syst. Nat. v. 2. p. 567. Hook, in Kew Gard. Misc. v. 8. 
p. 210. 

Ensete. Bruce, Trav. in Abyss. (Engl. ed.Svo) v. 7. p. 149; and Atlas, Ho, t. 8, 9. 
Ensete". Poir. in Diet. Sc. Nat. v. 14. p. 515. 
An sett. Plowdm, in litt. 



The celebrated James Bruce, of Kinnaird, was unquestionablv 
one of the most remarkable travellers of the last century, but he 
unfortunately obtained little credit during his lifetime for his 
many interesting discoveries. It was left for future travellers to 
confirm their accuracy ; and if we consider the state of science 
at the time Bruce became a traveller, and the multitude of ob- 
jects that his researches embraced, it must be allowed that few 
have displayed more accuracy, and none more indomitable energy. 
It is now nearly a hundred years since Bruce entered Abyssinia 
with the view of discovering the source of the Nile. It was 

JANUARY 1ST, 1861. 



then that he found the remarkable plant to the illustration of 
which we have devoted two plates, and which would still have 
remained unknown to us to the present day (save from Brace's 
description and really accurate figures), but for the kindness of 
Walter Plowden, Esq., our late British Consul at Mussowah, who 
sent the seeds of this plant to me in 1853, under the native name, 
"Ansett" From our ignorance of the appearance of the seeds 
of any Banana (the cultivated Bananas and Plantains do not per- 
fect their seeds), we did not at first recognize these seeds as 
connected with that family of the Vegetable Kingdom ; but the 
growth being rapid in our Paliu-house, we soon discovered our 
plant to be the " Ensete" of Bruce (not Ensete, as written by 
Poiret). But if this distinguished Abyssinian explorer was 
wrong in pronouncing it, as he did, to be " no species of Musa," 
we must remember that he could have only been acquainted 
with the Bananas known in cultivation ; and he certainly well 
distinguished his plant from these. "It is true," he says, "the 
leaf of the Banana resembles that of the Ensete ; it bears figs,* 
and has an excrescence (the spadix) from its trunk, chiefly dif- 
fering from the Ensete in size, etc. ; but the figs of a Banana 
are in shape of a cucumber, and this is the part that is eaten. 
The fig is sweet, though mealy, and of a taste highly agreeable. 
It is supposed to have no seeds" (the flowers being abortive), 
" but the figs of the Ensete are not eatable ; they are of a ten- 
der, soft substance, watery, tasteless, and in colour and consis- 
tence similar to a rotten apricot ; they are of a conical form, 
crooked a little at the lower end, about an inch and a half in 
length, and an inch in breadth where thickest. In the inside 
of these there is a large stone, half an inch long, of the shape of 
a bean or Cashew-nut, of a dark-brown colour." And again, 
the stem of the Banana, as is well known, is an annual, bearing 
its fruit as soon as its stem and foliage have attained their full 
size, and then perishing down to the root, and no part of the 
stem can be eaten. " The body of the trunk of the Ensete for 
several feet high is esculent; and while young, is, when cooked, 
the best of all vegetables, tasting like wheat-bread not perfectly 
baked. . . . When you make use of the Ensete for eating, you 
cut it immediately above the roots, and perhaps a foot or two 
higher if the plant is advanced in age; you strip the green from 
the upper part till it becomes white, where it is soft, like a turnip 
well boiled; if eaten with milk and butter, it is the best of all 
food.*' 

To understand clearly the part that is eaten of the Ensete we 
must consider the mode of growth of the plant. The leaves at 
least the very broad sheathing bases, all spring from a large, very 
* The French call the small-fruited kinds " Figues Bananiers." 



solid, but fleshy, pure-white, conical rhizome (fibrous with roots 
beneath), and constitute the stem, and they are of so coarse a 
nature, and so full of fibre and air-cells, as to be totally unfit for 
food. But in the centre of this is the axis, formed of the pe- 
duncle or scape, which bears the spaclix at the extremity in course 
of time (ten years according to Bruce, three to five years from 
our experience). This is as thick as a man's arm, pure white, 
as is the sheath formed by the broad bases of the petioles that 
surround it, rises gradually from the rhizome, increases in length, 
bearing large membranaceous close-pressed bracts, and, where it 
emerges from the sheathing leaves, one or two small, foliaceous 
bracts, carrying up with it the later-formed upper leaves with 
the infant spadix. Now it is while the centre, or scape, is 
young and tender, in a state exactly analogous to the "cabbage" 
m Palms and in Cycadaceous plants, etc., that if is excellent and 
nutritious : as soon as it is mature it turns hard, and is no longer 
eatable. Bruce has given a representation of this scape, stripped 
of its external covering. 

The Emete appears to be peculiar to Abyssinia, particularly 
abundant in Naree, growing in the great swamps and marshes 
of that country, formed by rivers rising there which have no out- 
let. It comes to great perfection at Gondar, but most abounds 
in that part of Maitsha and Goutto west of the Nile, where 
there are large plantations of it, and is there, almost to the ex- 
clusion of anything else, the food of the Galla inhabiting that 
province. At Maitsha they cannot grow grain, and vegetable 
food would therefore be very scarce were it not for this plant. 

^ Not only botanically has Bruce discussed this fine plant, but 
historically, as connected with the mythology of Egypt. " We 
see," he says, "in some of the Egyptian antique "statues the 
figure of Isis sitting between the branches (foliage ?) of the Ba- 
nana-tree, as it is supposed, and some handfuls of ears of wheat ; 
you see also the hippopotamus ravaging a quantity of Banana- 
trees. But the (true) Banana is not a plant of the country, and 
could never have entered into the list of their hieroglyphics ; for 
this reason, it could not figure anything permanent or regular in 
the history of Egypt or its climate. I therefore imagine that 
this hieroglyphic was wholly Ethiopian, and that the supposed 
Banana, which, as an adventitious plant, signifies nothing in 
%ypt, was only a representation of the Ensete, and that the re- 
cord in the hieroglyphic of Isis and the Ensete-tvee was some- 
thing that happened between harvest and the time the Ensete- 
tree came to be in use, which is in October. The hippopotamus 
is generally thought to represent the Nile, that has been so 
abundant as to be destructive. When, therefore, we see upon 
the obelisks the hippopotamus destroying the Banana, Ave may 



suppose it meant that the extraordinary inundation had gone so 
far as not only to destroy the wheat, but also to retard or hurt 
the growth of the Ensete, which was to supply its place. I do 
likewise conjecture that the bundle of brandies of a plant, which 
Horus Apollo says the ancient Egyptians produced as the food 
on which they lived before the discovery of wheat, was not the 
Papyrus, as he imagines, but this plant, the Ensete, which re- 
tired to its native Ethiopia upon a substitute being found better 
adapted to the climate of Egypt." 

Eor all the above information we are mainly indebted to the 
labours of Bruce. 

In the previous notice of our Ensete in the « Kew Garden Mis- 
cellany,' /. c, we remarked that, of the described species of Musa, 
this has perhaps the nearest affinity with the Mum superba, 
Roxb. Coromand. PI. v. 3. t. 323, and of our Bot. Mag. t. 3849 
and 3850, a native of the southern peninsula of India; but be- 
sides the difference in the inflorescence, the seeds are quite of an- 
other form, size, and character : in M. mperba the seeds are nu- 
merous, arranged in two rows in each of the three cells ; the plant 
is very different, for the trunk is quite conical, only three feet 
high, yet seven and a half feet in circumference close to the 
ground. Again, M. Ensete in some respects approaches M. 
glauca, PI. Corom. v. 3. t. 300, a native of Pegu, but the stem 
and foliage do not correspond, and the latter is of a remarkably 
glaucous hue, as indicated by the specific name ; whereas our 
plant, has bright yellow-green foliage, and the costa deep purple- 
brown on the under side. The fruit of all three resemble each other 
in general form and size, and all are seed-bearing, scarcely pulpy, 
and uneatable. They produce no suckers from the root, like the 
true Bananas, consequently our dependence for the perpetuity of 
the species in our stoves must be on seed ■ and, fortunately, al- 
though our first flowering- plant yielded no seed, our second one 
has (while we are writing, December, I860,) been found to ripen 
three fruits, and the seeds are quite perfect. 

Descr. The general aspect of our plant is quite that of our 
usual cultivated Bananas, with esculent fruits, but the height is 
much greater, and the stem much swollen at the base. In five 
years in one case, in another in three, of our flowering speci- 
mens, they have attained their full size, nearly forty feet to the 
summit of the foliage. We have measured the blades, seventeen 
to eighteen feet long ; they are firm and rigid, not easily tearing 
transversely, and they are erecto-patent ; this position is perhaps 
due to the shortness of the contracted part of the petioles, all 
below that expands into the huge sheathing amplexicaul bases, 
an inch and a half thick and two feet broad, constituting the stem ; 
the latter is sensibly swollen below the middle, biggest at the 



base. From the centre of this great mass of foliage, and when 
this latter has attained its fullest dimensions, the spadix, termi- 
nating the internal scape, as above described, makes its ap- 
pearance, and gradually droops. It is four feet long, densely 
clothed, for two feet of its apex, with numerous, large, ovate, 
greenish-brown spathas (generally bearing drops of fluid from 
the floral nectaries). The upper spathas have male flowers, the 
lower, females. These in the young state are not easily distin- 
guishable, but by the former having a less perfect style and stigma. 
Lower down, upon the sjmdix, all the spathas seem to include 
perfect or fertile flowers, so that when the spathas fall away, the 
swelling ovaries lie in spiral circles, densely compacted, green, 
oblong, quite sessile, two inches long. This ovary is white, in- 
ferior, three-celled (rarely four), filled with many ovules in two 
rows, and supports a perianth of two very unequal, white, mem- 
branaceous sepals, the outer and larger one strap-shaped, concave 
at the base, three-cleft at the apex, the inner one ovate, very con- 
cave, three-toothed, the central tooth prolonged into a subulate 
point, each, no doubt, as indicated by the divisions at the apex, 
formed of three pieces. Stamens six, erect, one small and abor- 
tive, the rest twice as large. Anther as long as the filaments, 
two-celled. Fruit two and a half to nearly four inches long, ob- 
longo-subpyriform, bearing from one to four large, black, glossy 
seeds, shaped as represented in our figure. 



Tab. 5223 represents an Abyssinian scene, with Ensetes, on a very reduced 
scale. 

Tab. 5224. Fie:- 1. One of the spathas of the spadix, with male flowers, — 
natural size. 2. Male flower, with its abortive ovary and imperfect style. 3. 
Perfect flower. 4. Section of an ovary. 5. Scarcely mature fruit. 6. The 
same, cut through transversely. 7. Mature fruit. 8. Back view of a seed. 
9. Seed seen from the under side, with the hilum: — all natural size. 10. Seed, 
cut through transversely, — slightly magnified. 




ks Imp. 



Tab. 5225. 
PUYA Warszewiczii, 

Warszewiczs Puya. 



Nat. Ord. Bromeliace.e. — Hexandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 4991.) 



Puya Warszewiczii; foliis 2-3-pedalibus lato-lanceolatis anguste acuminatis 
striatis subundulatis inferne longe anguste attenuatis canaliculars basi di- 
latatis amplexantibus supra basin solummodo retrorsum aculeatis, scapo 
inferne foliaceo dein in spicam oblongam terminante dense bracteato, brac- 
teis imbricatis rubro-sanguineis lanceolato-acuminatis flores albo-flavescentes 
superantibus, petalis lineari-spathulatis basi squama apice lacera intructa. 

Puya Warszewiczii. Wendland, in litt. 



This may be reckoned among the handsomest of the many 
handsome tropical Bromeliacece. Its leaves are peculiar, very 
long, and rather flaccid and undulated, singularly narrow and 
contracted and grooved towards the base, and there alone fur- 
nished for about the length of four inches at each margin with 
dark brown reflexed spinules. The contrast is striking between 
the yellowish-white and rather large flowers, and the deep blood- 
coloured, long, acuminated, and imbricated bracteas. We are 
indebted to Mr. Wendland, of the Royal Gardens, Hanover, for 
the plant here figured, which flowered in our stove, August, 
1860. We do not find it anywhere described, and adopt the 
name by which we received it. It is supposed to be a native of 
Guatemala. 

Descr. Whole plant two to three feet high. Leaves radical, 
two to three feet long, from a broad amplexicaul base gradually 
narrowing, with involute margin, and there alone spiny with re- 
flexed black prickles, again expanding into a long lanceolate acu- 
minated blade, nearly three inches in diameter in its widest part, 
subcoriaceous, striated, subundulate, quite entire, dark green, 
paler beneath. Scape shorter than the leaves, leafy below ; the 
leaves gradually becoming bracteas upwards, and then bearing a 
large, oblong, densely bracteated spike. Bracteas of a deep rich 

JANUARY 1ST, 1861. 



blood-colour, broad lanceolate, sharply acuminated, rigid. Flower* 

large, yellowish-white, scarcely exceeding the bracts. Calyx of 
three equal, oblong-lanceolate, very acute sepals, united at their 
base. Petals spathulate, each with a large oval scale at the base, 
notched at its apex. 



Fig. 1. Flower,— slightly magnified. 2. Petal,— more magnified. 







WFitch,dcl efcMi. 



vt Erool 



CKS,lTTip. 



Tab. 5226. 

TABERNiEMONTANA grandiflora. 

Large-jlowered Tabernamontana. 



Nat. Ord. Apocyne,e. — Pentandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx quinquepartitus, lobis basi intus glandula auctis, persistens. 
Corolla hypogyna, hypocraterimorpha, fauce nuda; limbi quinquepartiti laciniis 
obliquis. Stamina 3, medio corolla? tubo inserta, inclusa; antlierce sagittatae, 
subsessiles. Stylus unus, filiforrois ; stigma e basi dilatata bifidum. Squamulce 
hypogynaa nulbe. FolUcuU 2, oblongi, v. subglobosi, carnosi, pulposi, divaricati 
v. adpressi, abortu ssepe solitavii, deraum fatiscentes. Semina plurima, intra 
pulpam cellulosam nidulantia, compressiuscula, angustata. Embryo in axi albu- 
minis carnosi rectus ; cotyledonibus foliaceis ; radicula cylindriea, vaga. — Arbus- 
culse in America et Asia tropica indigence; foliis oppositis; stipulis inter petiolarib us, 
infra adnatis, apice solutis ; cy mis subdickotomis. Endl. 



Tabern^emontana grandiflora; ramulis dichotomis, foliis ovalibus v. elliptico- 
obovatis basi obtusis apice longe et acute cuspidatis glabris, pedunculis ter- 
minalibus bifurcatis paucifloris, foliis floralibus ovato-acutis sessilibus, lobis 
calycinis amplissimis ellipticis tribus interioribus angustioribus, tubo corollas 
calyce vix duplo longiore, lobis obovatis obtusissimis tubo brevioribus, fol- 
liculis ovoideo-acuminatis. Alph. Be Cand. 

TABERNiEMONTANA grandiflora. Jacq. Amer.p. 40./. 31. Lam. Illustr. t. 170. 
/. 2. Roem. et Schult. v. 4. p. 424. Spreng. Sysl. Veget. v. 1. p. 640. Be 
Cand. Prodr. v. 8.j&. 368. 



A rare shrub in collections, we believe ; native of Carthagena, 
according to Jacquin, its discoverer and first describer, and of 
Guiana, where it was found by Sir Robert Schomburgk. Our 
living plant was brought from Venezuela, by Mr. Birchill. It 
forms a small evergreen shrub about two to two and a half feet 
high, requires the heat of a stove, and then bears its rather 
copious yellow flowers, which have almost the colour of the yel- 
low Jessamine, but are much larger ; produced in September. 

Descr. A small glabrous shrub, with dichotomous, terete 
branches, the elder ones clothed with thin, brown bark, the 
younger ones greenish. Leaves two to three inches long, oppo- 
site, often unequal, patent or reflexed, shortly petiolate, oblong- 
ovate or subovate, sharply almost pungently acuminate, obtuse 

JANUARY 1ST, 1861. 



at the base, penniveined, pale beneath. Cyme pedunculate, few- 
flowered, subtrichotomously divided, the branches bracteated, 

and two, large, opposite, ovate, pale green bracts occupy the 
base of the flower. Calyx of five deep lobes, two outer ones 
large and bracteiform, three inner ones smaller, all erect. Corolla 
large, hypocrateriform, yellow: tube of the corolla two inches 
long; limb of five, large, oblique, spreading, oval, obtuse lobes. 
Stamens included. Ovaries two, surrounded by a fleshy lobed 
disc. Styles united into one. Fruit a double follicle, reflexed, 
broad ovate, sharply acuminate, according to Jacquin. 



Fig. 1 Tube of the corolla, laid open to show the stamens. 1 Ovaries and 
combined styles : — magnified. 



Tab. 5227. 

COSMOS diversifolius; var. atro-sangmneu8. 

Various-leaved Cosmos ; deep blood-flowered var. 



Nat. Ord. Composite: Senecionide/E. — Syngenesia Frtjstranea. 

Gen. Char. Capitulum multiflorum, radiatum, ligulis neutris. Invohicrmn du- 
plex, utrumque squamis 8-10 basi plus minus concretis apice acuminatis. Recep- 
taculum planum, paleaceum, paleis membranaeeis in filum elongatum productis. 
Styli rami apice incrassati, hispidi, in conum subulatum producti. Anthera apice 
appendice scariosa cordata superatse. Achenium tetragonum, exalatum, rostratum, 
et interdum stipitatum, aristis 2-4 retrorsum piloso-scabris deciduis coronatum. — 
Herbse Americana, annum, glabra, aut vix pilosulce, elatce, ramosa. Folia {pin- 
nati- v.) bipinnalisecta, lobis linearibus lanceolatis scepius margine integerrimis. 
Capitula ad apices ramorum longe nudorum solitaria. Discus intense luteus. Ba- 
dius versicolor. Be Cand. 



Cosmos diversifolius ; bi-tripedalis ramosus glaber, foliis longe petiolatis pinnatis, 
pinnis 5—7 foliorum superiorum lanceolatis inferiorum rhombeo-ovatis in- 
tegerrimis vel remote serratis, floribus longissime pedunculatis amplis, in- 
volucri duplici foliolis lanceolatis subreflexo-patentibus exterioribus patenti- 
subreflexis 8-10 herbaceis, interioribus totidem submembranaceis coloratis, 
flosculis radii ellipticis apice tridentatis involucro duplo longioribus, achenii 
aristis 2. 

Cosmos diversifolius (floribus lilacinis). Otto in Knowles and Westcott, Floral 
Cab. v. 2. p. 3. t. 47. 

Var. floribus atro-sanguineis. (Tab. Nostr. 5227.) 



Seeds of this plant were received by Mr. Thompson, of Ips- 
wich, from Mexico. It is doubtless a handsome species of Cos- 
mos. The question is if it can be safely referred to any described 
species. The genus is described as having bipinnate leaves (or 
"folia bipinnatisecta"). Our plant has its leaves simply pin- 
nate. Two species are described and figured with foliage of this 
character, one the C. scabiosoides of H. B. K., and Lindley, in 
Bot. Reg. 24. t. 15, but that has much smaller flowers, 
though nearly of the same colour as ours, and entire ligulate 
florets ; the other is the C. diversifolius of Otto in Knowles and 
Westcott, /. c., whose flowers sufficiently correspond with ours 
except in colour. Unfortunately, in both cases, only upper por- 
tions of the plant (without root-leaves) are given, and the foliage 

JANUARY 1st, 1861. 



there accords sufficiently well with ours We prefer adopting 
Otto's name, rather than encumber the system with new but 
doubtful species. Our plant is very luxuriant, owing probably 
to richness of soil, The peduncles are a foot and a half long; 
the lower leaves are eight to nine inches long, with pinna) one 
and a half to two and a half inches, and an inch to an inch and 
a half broad. The colour of the flowers is a deep purple blood- 
colour, with a good deal the habit of a small single-flowered 
Dahlia. This plant is best preserved in a greenhouse in the 
winter, and turned into the open border in the summer. 



Fig_L Floret of the ray. 2. Floret of the disc. 3. Awn of the pappus : - 



magnified. 



/•AY ''('/ 



m 




. 



Tab. 5228. 

CENTRADENIA grandifolia. 

Large-leaved Centradenia. 



Nat. Ord. Melastomacejs.— Octandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Centradenia, Bon. Flos 4-merus. Calyx subtetragonus, catn- 
panulatus, dentibus brevibus. Petala obovata, apice rotundata aut acuta. Sta- 
mina 8, alteraatim inrequalia ; antheris oblongo-ovoideis ovoideisve apice obtusis 
aut brevissime rostellatis, 1-porosis ; loculis undulatis, 4 majorura connectivo infra 
loculos ionge producto arcuato et ultra filamenti insertionem in appendiceal 
bilobam, antice porrecto, 4 minorum multo minus producto et antice appendi- 
cula subglobosa subbilobave terminato. Ovarium 4-loculare, apice setulis styli 
basitn cingentibus coronatum. Stylus filiformis, sigmoideus, stigmate puncti- 
formi interdumque nonnihil capitellato. Capsula calyce persistente, loculicide 
4-valvis. Semina minuta, ovoidea. — Suffrutices fruticulbe Mexicani et Guatema- 
lenses, monticolce, erecti, ramosi ; foliis petiolatis, lanceolatis, in eodem jugo ut- 
plurimum rnaxime disparibus, uno alterum nonnunquam decies et amplius superante ; 
floribus ad apices ramulorum plerumque ternis quinisve, interdum corymbos men- 
tientibus, roseis aut albis, Naudin. 



Centradenia grandifolia ; frutex, ramis junioribus tetragonis angulis profunde 
alatis, foliis 6-uncialibus brevi-petiolatis ovato-lanceolatis acuminatis 3-5- 
nerviis integerrimis glaberrimis minute ciliatis subtus purpureis, calycis 
segmentis membranaceis appressis. 

Centradenia grandifolia. Endl. Naud. in Hort. Linden, v. I. p. 7. t. 4. Mo- 
nog. Melast. p. 77. 

Plagiophyllum grandifolium. Schlecht. in Linnaa,v. YS.p. 429. 



We owe the possession of this pretty Mexican Melastomaceous 
plant to Mr. Linden, of Brussels ; but we scarcely think it worthy, 
handsome as it is, to " rank as an ornamental plant with the 
Csyanophyllum and Medinitta" It is probably rare in collections. 
Mr. Linden speaks of it as gathered at Chiconquiaco, in 1836, 
by Dr. Schiede. Our only native specimen, and that a very in- 
different one, is from the same source, Dr. Schiede. This, in- 
deed, differs slightly from our growing one, but by no means 
specifically. The calyx-tube is pubescent in the native sample, 
not glabrous as in ours, while the peduncles are more pubescent, 
and the wings of the branches appear to be far less developed ; 
but that appearance may be due to the drying and pressure. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Stamens. 3. Calyx and pistil -.—more or less magnified. 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1861. 



J2ZA 




W.FaBx,aa ctlith. 



"Vincent Brooks, Imp ■ 



Tab. 5229. 

TILLANDSIA pulchella. 

Delicate Tillandsia. 



Nat. Ord. Bromeliace^e. — Hexandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Perigonii liberi 6-partiti lacinice exterior -es calycinse, sequales, basi 
cohaerentes, spiraliter convolutse, duo altius inter se connatae, tertia minor, inte- 
riores petaloidese, inferne in tubulum convolutae v. connatae, superne patentes, 
basi intus nudse v. rarius squamosse. Stamina 6, hypogyna ; filamenta linearia, 
alterna, saapius perigonii laciniis interioribus adhaerentia ; anthera incumbentes, 
basi sagittato-emarginatae. Ovarium liberum, triloculare. Ocula loculorum an- 
gulo centrali prope basin plura, biseriata, adscendentia, anatropa. Stylus fili- 
formis ; stigma trifidura, lobis abbreviatis v. filiformibus aut apice dilatatis, rectis 
v. contortis. Capsula cartilaginea, linearia v. ovata, trilocularis, loculicido-tri- 
valvis; valvis endocarpio mox soluto duplicatis, explanatis v. tortis. Semina 
plurima, e basi dissepimentorum erecta, lineari-clavata, stipitata, stipite pilis 
papposis cincto, testa dura ; chalaza terminali mamillari. Embryo in basi albu- 
minis farinosi rectus, extreraitate radiculari infera. — Herbae in America tropica 
et extratropica calidiore indigenee, ut plurimum pseudoparasiticee, lepidotee ; cau- 
libus foliolis simplicibus v. rarius ramosis ; floribus spicatis v. paniculatis, rarius 
solitariis, bracteatis. Endl. 



Tillandsia pulchella; acaulis caespitosa, foliis subulatis canaliculars incano- 
lepidotis, scapo solitario folia aequante floribusque squamis imbricatis ob- 
longis convolutis intense roseis tectis, calycis laciniis oblongis erectis albis 
basi unitis, corollae alba? petalis spathulatis stamina superantibus, filamentis 
medium versus insigniter crispato-flexuosis. 

Tillandsia pulchella. Hook. Exot. Flora, 1. 134. Rcem. et Schult. Syst. Veget. 
v. l.p. 1207. 

Pourretia Surinamensis. Hort. Amstelod. 



We received living specimens of this pretty epiphyte lately 
from the Amsterdam Botanic Garden, under the name of Pour- 
retia Surinamensis, but it is unquestionably our Tillandsia pul- 
chella of the ' Exotic Flora/ and which was sixteen years ago re- 
ceived from Trinidad, and flowered in the Botanic Gardens at 
Glasgow. It appears to be a common epiphyte in the West 
Indies, and probably in tropical South America, where many 
species of the genus abound, clothing the trunks of trees in the 
same way as the epiphytal orchideous plants. We have received 
many kinds at Kew, and, either attached to pieces of wood or 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1861. 



merely suspended to the rafters in a warm and moist stove, they 
exhibit signs of life often for two or three years, but seldom longer, 
and they blossom very rarely. Many of them, we know, are ex- 
tremely ornamental ; and it is hoped that our stoves may be yet 
permanently adorned with their flowering specimens. 

Descr. Tufted, stemless. Leaves four to six inches long, 
quite subulate, hoary with a minute scurfy pubescence, chan- 
nelled, especially towards the base. Scape, including the spike 
of flowers, about as long as the leaves, almost entirely concealed 
with the beautiful, delicate, red, imbricated and sheathing brae- 
teas. Calyx greenish-white. Petals quite white. Filaments of 
the stamens singularly undulato-crispate above the base. 



Fig. 1. Flower, with its bractea. 2. Flower apart from the bractea. 3. Petal 
and two stamens. 4. Pistil : — magnified. 



;/ % 




" r >V!H.tch.,lei.et1itK 



TiTLcer-.t BcwiEa, Jtnp 



Tab. 5230. 
PENTAGONIA Wendlandi. 

Wendland's Pentagonia. 



Nat. Ord. Kubiace^e. — Pentandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Pentagonia, Benth. Calycis tubo turbinato vel tubuloso, cum 
ovario connato ; limbi 5— 6-fidi lobis persistentibus. Corolla supera, infundibu- 
liformis vel tutmlosa tubo tereti, limbo calycem longiore, extus glabro v. pilo- 
siusculo, intus tomentosovel pubescente; limbi 5- vel 6-fidi laciniis ovatis acntis, 
sestivatione valvatis. Stamina 5-6, infra medium tubi inserta, inclusa ;filamenta 
filiformia; antheree lineares. Discus epigynus, cupulseformis. Ovarium inferum, 
biloculare. Ovula plurima. Bacca ovata, calycis limbo coronata, corticata, pul- 
posa. — Arbusculae America tropica, inermes, robustee ; ramis ramulis^we crams, 
obtuse tetragonis ; foliis oppositis, petiolatis ; petiolis nudis, alatis v. auricnlatis, in- 
tegerrimis v. pinnatifidis, supra glabris subtus scepe pubescentibus, stipulis utrinque 
solitariis, lanceolatis, acuminatis ; floribus bracteatis, corymbis axillaribus, brecis- 
sime pedunculatis, multifioris, confertis; calycibus corollis^we coloratis v. viridibus. 
Seem, in Bot. of H.M.S. Herald. 



Pentagonia Wendlandi; foliis brevissime petiolatis coriaceis obovato-lanceolatis 
acutiusculis basi rotundatis petiolatis crassis nudis, stipulis e lata basi ovatis 
anguste acuminatis, squamis glanduligeris 5 intus ad basin calycis tubi, 
ovario fimbriato, corolla tubuloso-suburceolata, staminum filamentis flexuosis 
inferne incrassatis pilosis. 

Pentagonia macropbylla. Wend, in Sort. Herenh. [non Benth.) 



This fine plant was sent to us at Kew by Mr. Wendland, 
under the name of Pentagonia macrophylla of Mr. Bentham, the 
author of the genus Pentagonia in his ' Botany of the Voyage 
of H.M.S. Sulphur,' p. 105. t. 39. That species (native of Pa- 
nama) has a rather long slender petiole to the leaf, and the base 
of the leaf is acute and somewhat decurrent upon the petiole j 
the glandular scales are situated at the summit of the tube of the 
calyx, and the corolla is hypocrateriform. Dr. Seemann, du- 
ring the voyage of H.M.S. Herald, added two more species to 
the genus, one he published in the Lond. Journ. of Bot. vol. ix. 
p. 566. t. 17 and 18, under the name of P.pmnatifda, remark- 
able for its pinnatifid leaves and the very large auricles at the 
base of the petioles ; and the P. Tinagita, Seem, in Bot. of the 
Voy. /. c. p. 134. t. 28. This also has pinnatifid leaves, and 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1861. 



these so decurrent as to form a winged petiole ; and if the figure 
is correct, the tube of the calyx is altogether destitute of glands 
within. The first species inhabits Palm-forests, in the province 
of Panama ; the second is found in the territory of Darien, and 
the third in the province of Veraguas. 

Our present plant is so different from all those, that I have 
no hesitation in considering it a new species, brought home by 
Mr. Wendland from his botanical and royal mission from the 
King of Hanover to Central America ; but from what particular 
province I have at present no means of knowing. 

With the accompanying figure, and the generic character 
above given, together with the differences here pointed out for 
distinguishing this from other species, any description is super- 
fluous. Even a young plant, as ours is, makes a fine appearance 
with its dark-green and ample foliage : some of the leaves being 
a foot and a half long. The flowers are inconspicuous in com- 
parison with the noble foliage: these flowers are produced in 
clusters from the axils of the upper leaves. 



Fig. 1. Flower, with its pair of bracteas. 2. Calyx (with pistil), laid open and 
showing the glandular scales at the base of the tube. 3. Corolla, laid open, show- 
ing the stamens : — magnified. 







WHtck.lel .<* Ml 



Jince : it BroolcMB 



Tab. 5231. 
CHENOPODIUM purpurascens. 

Purple Goosefoot. 



Nat. Ord. Chenopodiace.e. — Pentandria Digynia. 

Gen. C/iar. Mores hermaphroditi, raro abortu fceminei, ebracteati. Calyx 5- 
fidus vel 5-partitus (interdum abortu 4- aut 3-partitus); laciniis concavis, ssepius 
longitrorsum carinatis, vel subcristato-carinatis, nunquara appendiculatis. Stamina 
5, rarissime pauciora, iino calyce inserta. Filamenta filiformia. Anther a ovatse. 
Staminodia et nectarium nulla. Ovarium depresso-globosum. Styli 2 rarius 
3 inferne coaliti, interdum kberi, subulati. Stigmata superficies interna stylo- 
rum. Fructus (utriculus) depressus, calyce clauso subgloboso aut subpentagono 
involutus ; pericarpio distincto (raro semini adhserente), membranaceo, tenuissimo. 
Semen horizontal, lenticulare ; testa Crustacea, fragili. Albumen centrale, copio- 
sum, farinaceum. Embryo peifecte aut imperfecte annularis, periphericus ; radicula 
subcentrifuga. — Herbse, rarissime suffrutices, in temperatis utriusque hemisphcBrii 
indigence, pulvere farinoso conspersce vel pubescenti-glandulosee. Folia alterna, 
peliolata, raro sessilia, subtriangulari-rJwmboidea, rarius ovata v. hastata, inie- 
gerrima, dentata, aut pinnatifido-sinuata. Flores minuti, glomerulati, spicatim 
paniculati ; spicis axillaribus et terminalibus ; glomerulis raro axillaribus, hand 
spicatis. Moq. in De Cand. 



Chenopodium purpurascens ; caule herbaceo erecto angulato ramoso, foliis 
tenuiter longeque petiolatis subpatulis rhombeo-ovatis obtusissimis mucro- 
nulatis tenuibus subpulverulentis obscure viridibus, demum purpureis, infe- 
rioribus auriculatis sinuato-dentatis, superioribus lanceolatis integerrimis, 
racemis compactis aphyllis, calyce fructifero perfecte clauso carinato-costu- 
lato, semine margine obtusissimo laevi haud nitido (albo). Moquin. 

Chenopodium purpurascens. Jacq. Hort. Find. v. 3. p. 43. t. 80 {non Hamilt.). 
Moquin in De Cand. Frodr. v. IS. pars 2. p. 66. 

Chenopodium Atriplicis. Linn. fit. Suppl. p. 171. 

p. lanceolatum; pauce farinosum, foliis omnibus sublanceolatis. Moquin, I.e. 

y. punctulatum ; valde farinosum albo-punctatum, foliis rhombeo-ovatis vel lan- 
ceolatis. Moquin, I. c. 

Chenopodium punctulatum. Scop. Bel. Insubr. v. \.p. 25. t. 11. 
^^Chenopodium leucospermum. Schrad. Ind. Sem. Hort. Geet. 1834, j?. 2. 



The several species of Chenopodium, or Goosefoot, are reckoned 
among the most weedy of plants, inhabiting roadsides and dung- 
hills, with little to recommend them to notice by their beauty 
or economical usefulness, and few indeed are thought worthy of 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1861. 



cultivation. One sort, Ch. Bonus- 1 fenrieus, or Good King Henry, 
boiled, is a good substitute for spinach, and in some gardens 
is cultivated for the purpose. It is less generally known that 
its seeds are made use of in the manufacture of a substance 
formerly much in demand, shagreen. Another kind, the Ckeno- 
podium Quinoa, we have already figured in this Magazine, Tab. 
3641, on account of the extensive use made of its seeds in Chili 
as an article of food, well known by the native name of "Quinoa!' 
We now wish to recommend the present species as a hardy an- 
nual, well worthy of a place in any flower-border, on account of 
the fine red-purple colour of its stem, its inflorescence, and the 
variegated (green and purple) of the floral leaves. Our drawing 
was made in the very wet autumn of the past year, 1860, when 
the leaves did not attain the richness of colour which distin- 
guishes them in more favourable seasons. 

Its nearest ally is the Ch. Quinoa above mentioned, which, as 
may be seen by our figure of it, has a very dense terminal 
panicle, of flowers, by no means collected into separate glome- 
rules as in the species before us. This attains a height of three 
to four feet, and flowers in the summer and autumn months. 
Both of these species have white seeds ; and the foliage of both 
is said to vary in colour : the Quinoa, usually green, is some- 
times purple or red, and Ch. purpurascens, of which the normal 
state is considered to be red-purple, is of a uniform green under 
some circumstances. 



Fig. 1. Base of a stem with its leaf,— nat. size. 2. Flower. 3. Pistil:— 
magnified. 




iudcl ct titi- 



Tab. 5232. 

CUPHEA Jorullensis. 

Jorullo Cuphea. 



Nat. Ord. LythrariejE. — Dodecandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx tubulosus, basi superiore gibbus, limbo ampliatus, dentibus 
6 erectis, sinubus 6 nunc productis parvis, nunc obsoletis. Petala 6-7, inseqnalia. 
Stamina 11-14, rarius 6-7, fauci calycis inserta, insequalia. Glandula crassa sub 
ovario. Stylus filiformis. Stigma simplex aut subbifidum. Capsula membra- 
nacea, calyce obtecta, 1— 2-locularis, demum bifidura, per placentam deflexam simul 
cum calyce fissa. Semina suborl)iculata, compressa, aptera. — Herbae aut suffru- 
tices. Folia opposita, rarius verticillata, integer rima. Pedunculi interpetiolares, 
uni- aut rarius multi-jiori. Flores seepius cemui. Calyces colorati. Petala vio- 
lacea aut alba. 



Cuphea (§ Longifloras) Jorullensis • suffruticosa, folds lanceolatis scabris in peti- 
olum breviusculum attenuatis, racemis foliosis in apice ramorum vel ramu- 
lorum, floribus subsecundis cernuis apetalis, calycibus magnis tubuloso- 
ventricosis striatis glanchdoso-pilosis basi superae gibboso-calcarata, ore 
paululum dilatato 5-dentato longe piloso-glanduloso, dentium sinubus glan- 
dula viridi, filamentis valde insequalibus styloque longe exsertis. 

Cuphea Jorullensis. H. B. K. Nov. Gen. Am. v. 6. p. 164. Be Cand. Prodr. 

p. 84. 
Cuphea eminens. Planch, et Bind. Ft. des Serres. Revue Hortic. 1857, jo. 151 

{reduced woodcut figure). 



Certainly the finest of all the known species of the numerous 
genus of Cuphea, with singularly large coloured calyces, for there 
are no petals ; now well known in our gardens as a hardy green- 
house plant, and thriving in the summer in the open border, 
under the name of C. eminens, by which appellation it was sent 
from the extensive horticultural establishment of Mr. Linden ; 
but it is assuredly the C. Jorullensis — a much older name — of 
Humboldt, native of Mexico (first detected, as its name implies, 
on the volcanic mountain of Jorullo). We have fine specimens 
in our herbarium from Mr. Bates, and Mr. Linden received it 
from M. Ghiesbrecht. It is nearly allied to the Cuphea Melvilla 
of Dr. Lindley in Bot. Reg. t. 852, of which I have copious native 
specimens from Brazil and British Guiana ; but that has much 
broader leaves, flowers in leafless racemes, a calyx destitute of 
glands, and where the calyx in our plant is yellow that is green. 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1861. 



Descr. A somewhat shrubby perennial, one and a half to two 
feet high, a good deal branched, branches often red-purple Leaves 
opposite, three to five inches long, exactly lanceolate, entire, pen- 
ninerved, rough to the touch on both sides, tapering below into 
a short footstalk. In vigorous plants the terminal branch be- 
comes a long leafy raceme of numerous, axillary, drooping, large, 
apetalous, subsecund flowers ; but copious lesser branches often 
develope themselves, and bear a few nearly terminal flowers, 
as represented in the figure given in the ' Revue Horticole,' the 
upper part of the plant then forming a racemose panicle. Calyx 
full an inch and a half long in some of our cultivated specimens, 
striated, glanduloso-pilose, tubular towards the base, and there, 
above, bearing a short, very obtuse spur, orange-red, but gradu- 
ally passing into yellow towards the mouth ; this latter is a little 
expanded, five-toothed, with a green gland in the sinuses, and a 
fringe of long hairs, each tipped with a gland. Filaments very 
unequal in length, exserted ; anthers small. Pistil subovate, with 
a large flat gland at the base (corresponding with the spur), and 
a horse-shoe gland at the base of the style, which latter is also 
exserted ; stigma obtuse, bifid. 



Fig. 1. Lower leaf, — natural size. 2. Flower. 3. Pistil : — magnified. 



Tab. 5233. 

CALOPETALON ringens. 

Ringent Calopetalon. 



Nat. Ord. Pittosporacej:. — Pentandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calopetalon, J". Drum. Calyx pentaphyllus, aequalis. Petala 
5 (nunc 6-7), hypogyna, spathulata, unguibus curvatis in corollam subringentem 
conniventibus. ' Stamina 5, unguibus petalorum longiora ; flamenta applanata, 
spathulata, apice acuminato-filiformia ; antkera oblongse, introrsse, biloculares, 
dorso prope basin affixee, longitudinaliter dehiscentes. Ovarium breve stipitatum, 
tri-(bi-)loculare, loculis multiovulatis. Stylus filiformis ; stigma simplex. Cap- 
sula . . . ? — Suffrutex, habitu Marianthum referent; floribus terminalibus, con- 
gestis, aureo-sanguineis, speciosis. Harvey. 



Calopetalon ringens. /. Brum, in Harv. New Gen. of W. Australian Plants, 
in Hook. Kew Gard. Misc. v. 7. p. 53. Walpers, Ann. Bot. Syst. v. 4. 
p. 242. 



The remarkable structure of the filaments of the stamens of this 
plant is perhaps the chief ground for constituting a new genus ot 
it. Our cultivated flowering samples at Kew did not exhibit any 
speciaUy ringent character in the corolla, nor were the ovaries 
three-celled. It is one of Mr. James Druinmond's discoveries 
in south-western Australia, and is a pretty greenhouse climber; 
but the flowers, though golden-red, have not the brilliancy ne- 
cessary to render them showy. It flowered for the first time 
with us in November, I860, having been reared from seeds sent 
by Mr. Burges from Swan River. At a more favourable season 
of the year the colour may be more vivid. 

Descr. A branching and twining climber, with slender stems, 
and distant, alternate, oblong-ovate, shortly acuminate, penm- 
veined, quite entire leaves, three to four inches long, acute at 
their base. Petiole about two inches long. Peduncle termina 
(in fact the continuation of a branch), bearing a many-flowered 
corymb, with small bracteas on the pedicels. Calyx ot live, 
ovate, acute, small, green sepals. Corolla of five golden-red pe- 
tals, with broad, erect claws, placed so close and so erect as to 
form a tube, while the lamina, which are ovate and very acute, 



FEBRUARY 1ST, 1861. 



are spreading, so as to constitute a limb. Stamens four. Fila- 
ments as long as the claws, broad, spathulate, with an elevated 
central line on each face, terminating in a sudden contraction, 
so that the yellow anther is borne on the filiform apex. Ovary 
oblong, on a thick gland or stipes, two-celled, with many ovules 
in two rows in each cell. Style filiform. Stij/ma obtuse. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Stamens, including the pistil. 3. Stamen, seen from its 
inner face. 4. Pistil. 5. Transverse section of the ovary : — magnified. 



Tab. 5234. 
puya grandiflora. 

Large-flowered Puya. 

Nat. Orel. BromeliaceyE. — Hexandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4991.) 



Puya grandifiora ; ; caule subelongato robusto cicatricato, foliis numerosissimis e 
lata basi lingulato-subulatis coriaceo-firrnis canaliculars supra viridibus sub- 
tus canescentibus marginibus grosse atro-spinosis, spinis subulatis, carina 
etiam spinosa, pedunculo elato, panicuia elongata pluriflora laxa, rarnis ca- 
lycibus bracteisque extus dense ferrugineo-jjannosis, petalis basi intus bi- 
squamatis albo-viresceutibus 4-5-uncialibus sepalisque falcato-decurvis. 



This is certainly among the most striking among Bromeli- 
aceons plants. We received it many years ago, at the Royal 
Gardens, from Real del Monte, in Mexico. The height of the 
flowering plant is little short of twelve feet. In some respects 
it agrees with the description of Piteairnia flerruginea, a Pe- 
ruvian plant of Ruiz and Pavon, especially in the character 
" floribus falcato-recurvis," and in the " pedicellis calycibusque 
ferrugineo-tomentosis " but the petals are there purplish and 
scaleless, and the flowers only two to three inches long. Still, 
I take it the two plants must be nearly allied ; yet it is very 
difficult to define satisfactorily Bromeliaceous plants without the 
aid of figures. 

Descr. Stem as thick as a man's leg, 2-3 feet long, rough 
from the remains of the bases of former years' leaves, simple 
or branched. Leaves very numerous, terminal on the stem or 
branch, two to three feet long, recurved, from a broad base, 
ligulato-subulate, very much and finely acuminate, hard-cori- 
aceous, dark-green above, whitish and hoary beneath, chan- 
nelled, the margin beset with large, hard, subulate, subfalcate, 
black, very pungent spines. Keel beset with whitish spines. 
Peduncle or scape five to six feet long, stout in proportion, 
bracteated with subulate leaf-like bracts. Panicle longer than 

MARCH 1ST, 1861. 



the scape, ovate in circumscription ; the racJiis, branches, pe- 
dicels, calyx, and large, ovate bracfeas, densely clothed with 
thick, rusty -coloured tomentuin. Pedicels much longer than 
the bracts. Flowers, in bud, almost subulate, curved down- 
wards, resembling the beak of a bird ; when arrived at full matu- 
rity, five and rather more inches long. Sepals two to two and 
a half inches long, lanceolate, acuminate, and, as well as the 
oblong-linear, obtuse, greenish-white petals, erecto-patent, all de- 
curved. There are two large scales at the base of the petals. 
Stamens shorter than the corolla, lodged in the upper canalicu- 
late petal. Ovary oblong, obtusely trigonal, free. Style longer 
than the stamens. Stigmas three, spirally twisted. 



Fig. 1. Much reduced figure of Put/a grandiflora. 2. Petal, with its scales 
at the base. 3. Pistil : — natural size. 



5235 




"faicent Brooksjxnp . 



Tab. 5235. 

^ECHMEA Melinonii. 

Copions-fowered JEchmea. 



Nat. Ord. BEOMELiACEiE. — Hexandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4293.) 



iEcHMEA Melinonii ; foliis ligulatis depresso-striatis unicoloribus viridibus (efas- 
ciatis) marginibus spinuloso-dentatis apice spinoso-mucronatis, bracteis 
inferioribus lanceolato-acuminatis membranaceis marcescentibus, floribus 
subsessilibus in paniculam densam ovatara multiflorara congestis, bracteolis 
caducis, calycibus ovario adhserentibus oblongo-cylindraceis, lobis pallidiori- 
bus brevi-mucronatis, petalis calyce brevioribus roseis. 

iEcHMEA Melinonii. Horl. Makoy. 



We here figure another South American Mchmea, received 
from Mr. Makoy, in 1857, under the appellation we have here 
adopted, but the origin of the specific name we do not know. 
It will be seen to be nearly allied to our JEchmea discolor, figured 
at Tab. 4293 of this work, differing however from it in several 
essential points. The leaves are here quite uniform in colour. 
The thyrsus is more densely crowded with flowers. The ovary 
is much more elongated, the lobes of the calyx are clearly nm- 
cronated, and the scales of the petals are more deeply fringed at 
the apex. Although the present is a very handsome species, and 
the flowers much more numerous, it lacks the rich coral-red of 
the rachis and calycine tubes of JE. discolor, and the fine contrast 
occasioned by the black-purple tips to the flowers, which led us 
to compare the unexpanded buds of that species to the well- 
known beads called " crabs eyes" the seeds of Abrus precato- 
rius. 

Descr. Leaves all radical, one to two feet loncf, ligulate, firm- 
coriaceous, dark-green, striated and somewhat furrowed at the 
striae, the margin spinulpso-serrate, the apex spinoso-mucronate, 
the base, as is usual in the genus, dilated and convoluted almost 
into a tube. Scape a foot high, dirty-brown. Flowers nume- 
rous, sessile or subpedicellate, arranged in a dense, thyrsoid^z- 

MARCH 1ST, 1861. 



nicle, bearing a few, large, lanceolate, acuminate, marcescent, 
brownish bracts at the base ; bracieoles very caducous ; rachis 
and branches stout, dark-purple. Calyx half an inch to three- 
quarters of an inch long, cylindrical or subclavate ; the tube, 
which is adnate with ovary, scarlet ; the limb of three, oval, pink- 
coloured lobes, each distinctly mucronate and very concave. Pe- 
tals obovato-spathulate, obtuse, concave, pink : at the base of 
the petals within are two white, oblong, membranaceous scales, 
fringed at the apex. Stamens six ; filaments dilated upwards : 
anthers oblong, submucronate. Style filiform, shorter than the 
corolla : stigma small, trifid. 



Yv*. 1. Thyrsus and portion of a leaf, — natural size. 2. Flower. 3. Petals, 
with their two scales and two stamens. 4. Calyx, laid open, showing the style : 
■ — more or less magnified. 



9 



5136. 




Wi'iccb, ael et k&v 



"\5twent Brooks, Imp. 



Tab. 5236. 

COLEUS INFLATUS. 

Inflated Coleus. 



Nat. Ord. Labiate. — Didynamia Gymnospermia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx ovato-campanulatus, fructifer, declinatus vel reflexus, rarius 
suberectus, fance intus nuda vel hispida, quinquedentatus vel bilabiatus, dente 
supremo ovato-membranaceo, marginibus rarius decurrentibus, inferioribus angus- 
tioribus, omnibus acutis vel lateralibus ovato-truncatis, 2 infimis inter se connatis. 
Corolla tubo exserto declinato, decurvo vel saepius defracto, fance inflata vel 
zequali, Umbo bilabiato, labio superiore abbreviate obtuse 3-4-fido, inferiore inte- 
gro elongato concavo, sajpius cymbiformi genitalia involvente. Stamina 4. Fila- 
menta edentula, basi in tubum stylum vaginantein connexa. Stylus apice subu- 
latus, sequaliter bifidus. Nucula subrotundse, compressre, teves. — Herbse annum 
vel basi perennantes, rarius frutices. Verticillastri Q-Jiori vel srspius muWflori, 
nunc densissimi, nunc taxi, cymbiformes, pedunculo communi utriusque cyrna ramis- 
que utrinque bin is plus minusve dongatis. Folia fioralia bractea/ormia, ante an- 
thesin ad apicem racemorum. plus minusve comosa, per anlhesin decidua vel rarius 
subpersistentia, refiexa. — Species plerceque Asiaticae, perpauce Africans:. Benth. 



Coleus (§ Longiflori) inflata ; glaber vel ad venas foliorum tenuiter pubescens, 
foliis petiolatis amp'lis ovatis acuminatis dentatis basi longe angustatis, flora- 
libus deciduis, racemis subramosis, verticillastris irregulariter cymasformibus, 
pedunculo communi utrinque subnullo, ramis alternis vel omnibus elongatis, 
pedicellis abbreviatis. Benth. 

Coleus inflatus. Benth. Labiat. p. 58, et in Be Cand.Prodr. v. 12. p. 79. 



Plants of this were raised at Kew from seeds sent to us by 
Mr. Thwaites from Ceylon, where only it is a native. It was 
originally detected there by Mr. Macrae and Mrs. General 
Walker. It is possessed of little beauty or attraction, but flow- 
ering, as it has hitherto done with us, in December, its delicate 
spikes of lilac flowers help to enliven the plant-houses at that 
dreary season. Forty species of this Labiate genus are enume- 
rated by Mr. Bentham, the majority of them inhabiting eastern 
India. 

Descr. Our plants of this attain a height of nearly three feet, 
with square stem and branches ; the base of the stem scarcely 
woody, often tinged with orange-colour and spotted with red, 
the rest green. Leaves upon long petioles, and, including the 

MARCH 1ST, 1861. 



petioles, a span or more long, in distant, opposite pairs, ovate, 
sharply acuminated, very coarsely serrated, penniveined, and re- 
ticulated. Spike of flowers compound, subracemose ; bracteal 
leaves very small. Calyx at first small, two-lipped, upper lip 
erect, large, lateral and inferior teeth small : the calyx in fruit 
becomes inflated, whence the specific name. Corolla with the 
long, slender tube singularly bent at an angle ; the limb two- 
lipped, spread open like the mouth of a snake. Ovary four- 
lobed, set upon a large fleshy gland, with a blunt spur-like pro- 
jection on one side. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Calyx and pistil. 3. Mouth of the corolla. 4. Ovary 
and its fleshy receptacle -.—all more or less magnified. 







Vincent Brooks, rag? 



Tab. 5237. 

IMPATIENS Walkeri. 

Red-jlowered Balsam. 



Nat. Ol'd. BALSAMINE,E. — PeNTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4615.) 



Impatiens Walkeri; erecta glabra subramosa, foliis longe petiolatis oblongo- 
lanceolatis basi apiceque attenuatis serratis, serraturis setigeris, petiolis eglan- 
dulosis, pedunculis versus caulis apicetn axillaribus folia subasquantibus 
apice racemosoplurifloris, racemo subcorymbiformi, bracteis persistentibus, 
pedicellis gracilibus elongatis erectis, sepalis lateralibus deltoideo-ovatis, an- 
teriore adscendente ventricoso-infundibuliformi in calcar conico-subulatum 
incurvura subito attenuate) ore contracto cum calcare petalis profunde bilo- 
bis subtriplo longiore, capsula glabra utrinque attenuate. 

Imp ati ens Walkeri, Hook, in Am. New Sp. of Indian Balsams, in Hook. Gomp. 
to Bot. Mag.v. I. p. 234. t. 18. Walp. kepert.Bot. v. I. p. 471. Thwaites, 
Enum. PI. Zeyl.p. 66. 



This beautiful Balsam, of which no figure has yet been given, 
save that above quoted, and taken from a dried specimen, was 
first detected by General Walker, after whom we had named it, 
between Rambodde and Neuri-Ellia, Ceylon ; and it has since 
been found by Mr. Thwaites in the Central Province of the same 
island. We owe the possession of it in the stove of Kew to the 
last-mentioned gentleman, who favoured us with seeds; and 
plants raised from them produced copious flowers in the winter 
months. Its nearest affinity is perhaps with the 1. Jerdonia, 
figured in our Tab. 4739. 

Descr. The stem is simple or but little branched, one foot 
or a foot and a half high, erect, succulent, deep-purple. Leaves 
between three and four inches long, petioled, scattered, ovate or 
ovato-lanceolate, acuminate, deep-green, penninerved, tapering 
at the base, the margins serrated and tipped with a soft green 
bristle ; those setae near the base of the leaf tipped with a gland. 
Peduncles from axils of the terminal petioles, erect, corymboso- 
paniculate; pedicels long, slender, filiform, bearing subulate 
bracts at their base. Flowers from an inch and a quarter to an 

MARCH 1ST, 1861. 



inch and a half long, scarlet, except two small green outer sepals: 
the anterior sepal gives the peculiar form to this singular flower, 
and is somewhat pitcher-shaped, elongated, contracted below the 
mouth, attenuated at the other extremity into a conical, subulate, 
incurved spur. 



Fig. 1. Side view; and 2, front view of a flower :— magnified. 



. 5238 




WFitoii,acLec,'iith. 



BrodJB,rrnp. 



Tab. 5238. 
POLYGONUM Chinense; foliis pictis. 

Chinese Buck-wheat ; painted-leaved. 



Nat. Ord. Polygonace^.— Octandria Trigynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4622.) 



Polygonum (§Cephalophilon) Chinense; caule erecto (vel decumbente) ramoso, 
foliis ovatis oblongisve, auriculis foliaceis ad basin petioli reniforraibus 
deciduis, corymbo simplici vel paniculato, pedunculis piloso- vel glanduloso- 
scabriusculis dichotomis trifidisve, bracteis foliaceis cordatis suffultis, flori- 
bus 5-fidis octandris hemitrigynis, achenio triquetro. Meisn. 

Polygonum Chinense. Linn. Sp. PL p. 520. Willd. Sp. PI. v. 2. p. 453. Roxb. 
PI. Ind. v. 2. p. 283. Hook, et Am. Bot. of Beech. Voy. pp. 208, 269. 
Wight, Ic. PI. Ind. Or. v. 5. t. 1806. Babingt. -in Linn. Trans, v. 18. p. 
109. Meisn. in Wall. PI. Asiat. Par. v. 3. p. 60, et in Be Cand. Prodr. v. 
l^.pars I. p. 130. 

Ampelygonum Chinense. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. 1828 ; Misc. p. 113. 

Polygonum, brachiatum, Poir., P. corymbosum, Willd., P. auriculatum, Meisn., 
and P. cymosum, Roxb., are all referred hither by Meisner ; as well as cei-tain 
synonyms tohich he brings under some of his following varieties: — a. Tlmn- 
bergianum. — C. densiflorum, Bl. — ft. scabrum. — y. ovalifoliura. Coccoloba 
Indica, Hb. Wight. — 8. brachiatum. P. patens, Bon. P. asperum, Bl. — 
e. intermedium. — f. subhastatum. — rj. corymbosum. 

Var. pictum ; foliis variegatis. (Tab. Nostr. 5238.) 



A. native of China and Japan, as well as of almost all parts of 
the East Indies, and, like many other plants that are of extensive 
geographical distribution, this exhibits considerable variations in 
the form and size of the leaf, and with inflorescence sometimes 
in simple, sometimes in panicled heads, or corymbs. The ordi- 
nary state of the plant, which was introduced to the Royal 
Gardens of Kew, by Sir George Staunton, Bart., in 1795, as a 
"hardy annual," is perhaps too much like our native Buck- 
wheat, to be valued in our gardens. But we have lately come 
into possession of a state with variegated leaves, which is really 
worthy of cultivation as a greenhouse plant, for, in the open air, 
it can only be treated as annual. Some leaves are purple on 
the same stem with the green ones : and both are marked with 
broad, white lines, taking the shape of the letter V, margined 

MARCH 1ST, 1861. 



in the inside with a dark line of deep purple or blackish- 
green. 

This species moreover possesses the valuable property in India, 
of yielding a colouring matter of fine quality resembling Indigo, 
a property, however, which it has in common with Polygonum 
tinctorium, now " extensively cultivated in Belgium as a domestic 
substitute for the tropical indigo," and said to produce the dye 
in the greatest abundance, and of the finest quality. 

It will be seen by our figure 3, that the ovary is sunk in a 
cavity of the thick fleshy tube of the calyx. As this ovary ad- 
vances to maturity, the calyx closes over it, and forms a part of 
the fruit with its fleshy covering, so that Dr. Wight and others 
had referred the species to the genus Coccoloba. Dr. Lindley 
made it the type of a new genus Ampehjgonum, but it is not 
generally adopted. 



Fig. 1. Portion of the stem, and leaf, showing the ochrea and stipules, — 
natural size. 2. Flower,— magnified. 3. Vertical section of a flower,— more mag- 
nified. 



5239. 




WTitcb.,ad.eUi£h 



fincentBroofo,Trnp. 



Tab. 5239. 

GUSTAVIA PTEROCARPA. 

Wing-fruited Gustavia. 



Nat. Ord. Mtrtaceje : Tr. Bamngtoniese.— Monadelphia Polyandkia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 5069.) 



Gustavia pterocarpa ; floribus hexapetalis albis, calycis subalte 5-6-lobo, lobis 
limbo rotundatis pedimculoque pubescentibus, ovario pentaptero, foliis co- 
riaceis longo-petiolatis obovato-lanceolatis acuminatis obsoletissime crenatis, 
stylo elongato. 

Gustavia pterocarpa. Poiteau, Mem. du Mus. v. 13. p. 158. 1. 13. Be Cand. 
Prodr. v. 2. p. 290. 

Gustavia Leopoldi. Cat. Hort. Lind. (name only). 



Among the most desirable of tropical American plants for in- 
troduction to our stoves are assuredly the large-flowered, large- 
foliaged, and evergreen trees and shrubs almost peculiar to those 
regions, among which the several species of the genus Gustavia, 
L. (Pirigara, Aubl), rank pre-eminent. Mr. Linden, the distin- 
guished horticulturist and botanical traveller (recently, we be- 
lieve, attached to the Societe Imperiale Zoologique d Acchma- 
tation of Paris), has had the honour of importing two species, 
both of which have already flowered in our stoves at Kew. One 
we have already figured at our Tab. 5069, the Gustavia insigms 
of Linden (but which a further examination leads me to believe 
is identical with Gustavia urceolata, Poit., Bois puant of French 
Guiana, differing only in the slightly greater development ot the 
calyx), and the almost equally beautiful species now betore us. 
This, though named by Linden in his Catalogue G. Leopoldi, 
is assuredly the G. pterocarpa of Poiteau, in his Memoire sur 
les Lecythidees, published in the thirteenth volume of the " Me- 
moires du Museum d'Histoire Naturelle," p. 158, and figured 
at plate 6, from specimens in their native locality on the banks 
of the river Mana, French Guiana; afterwards found in a dis- 

APBIL 1ST, 1861. 



trict called Rowra. This figure perfectly accords with our plant. 
The winged ovary, or fruit, is alone sufficiently characteristic of 
the species. 

Besides the winged ovary, this differs from G. insignia (or, as 
I believe, G. urceolata) by the smaller and more coriacous, 
nearly quite entire foliage, the smaller and white flowers, and 
the comparatively large calycine lobes. Both have fragrant 
flowers, and both yield a fetid odour on cutting into the wood. 
G. urceolata is common in savannahs and in the forests of 
French Guiana, and is said to attain a height of forty feet : its 
wood much used for hoops for casks. G. pterooarpa, M. Poi- 
teau says, attains a still larger size. 



Fig. 1. Leaf,— natural size. 2. Portion of the stamens. 3. Winged calyx 
and pistil : — magnified. 



5214). 




WRtctL.cicieaith 



IfrrKxnt BTodks,fcnP' 



Tab. 5240 

DROSERA SPATHULATA. 

Spat/iulate Sundew. 



Nat. Ord. Droserace^e.— Pentandria Tri-(Penta-)gynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx 4-8-partitus. Petala 4-8, marcescentia. Stamina 4-8, 
hypogyna v. leviter perigyna, antheris basifixis immobilibus, connectivo ssepius 
conspicuo. Ovarium 1-loculare, 2-5-merum ; ovulis pluribus v. paucis, secus 
rnargines (haud introflexos) carpellorum acervatim v. ssepius conferte pluriseriatiro 
affixis, infimis pendulis, supremis sfepius ascendentibus, intermediis peritropis. 
Styli 3-5, ima basi semper cohserentes, placentis alterni, simplices v. saapius ad 
basim bipartiti, cruribus integris varie lobulato- v. inciso- v. flabellato- y. penicil- 
lato-divisis, divisuris undique v. tantum apice clavato- v. capitato-stigmaticis. 
Capsula calyce marcescente stipata, 3-5-valvis ; valvis medio semiuiferis (singula? 
e dimidia parte carpellorum duorum adjacentium constantes) ; placentis lineari- 
oblongis v. orbieularibus v. obsoletis ; substantia pericarpii nunc uniformiterchar- 
tacea, nunc inferne membranacea, superne conspicue et abrupte crassiore. — 
Herbaa perennes, cosmopolitans, in regionibus tropicalibus ram, extra Capricornum 
imprimis in Australia frequentiores, iisqueformas mirificas induentes ; telus super 
(D. Arcturi excepto) vernatione circinatis, pilis glanduliferis ornatis. Planch. 



Drosera (§ Eos-Solis) spathulata; foliis omnibus radicalibus spathulatis, in 
petiolum limbo breviorem sensim angustatis, supra breviter glanduloso-pih- 
1'eris, subtus sparse villosiusculis, ciliis marginalibus longis, stipuhs in 
unam trifidam, laciniis trifidis concretis, scapis ascendentibus glauduloso- 
puberulis v. glabrescentibus 5-20-floris, pedicellis fructiferis secunchs ap- 
proximatis calyce brevioribus, laciniis calycinis subspathulatis obtusiuscuhs 
v. acutis, dorso puberulis, stylis 3 e basi bipartitis, stigmatibus subclavel- 
latis seminibus ellipsoideis, testa solida minute tuberculata. Planch. 

Drosera spathulata. Lab. Nov. Holl v. 1. t. 106./. 1. Be Cand. Prodrv. 1. 
p. 318. Planchon, in Ann. Sc. Nat. Zrd ser. v. 9. p. 193. Hook. It. 
N. Zeal. v. I. p. 20 ; Fl. Tasman. v. I. p. 29.— D. propinqua, All. Ounn. 



This lovely species of Sundew came, apparently accidentally, m 
the soil of a Wardian case, sent by Mr. Milne, our collector, id 
Captain Denham's surveying voyage of H.M.S. Herald, from 
Australia. It was first detected in Tasmania by Labillardiere, 
but appears to be frequent in New South Wales, m south- 
eastern Australia, in New Zealand; and M. Planchon refers 
Cuming's Philippine Island Drosera (n. 857) to this species. It 
is excessively pretty in its mode of growth, and may be easily 
recognized, as Dr. Hooker observes, by the "broadly spathulate, 

APRIL 1st, 1861. 



rosulate leaves, spreading out like rays, and by the long slender 
erect scapes, bearing a secund raceme of small flowers," but con- 
spicuous by their deep purple colour. M. Planchon, in his 
admirable monograph above quoted, enumerates no less than 
eighty-eight species of this singular genus, which has its repre- 
sentatives in almost every temperate and warm country through- 
out the world. We have cultivated this species very successfully 
for several years in a warm greenhouse. 



Fig. 1. Upper, and 2, under side of a leaf. 3. Pedicellate gland, from the 
same. 4. Flower. 5. Stamens and pistil : — all more or less magnified. 




WHtck.dei etlith 



"Vincerx Brodks.Imp. 



Tab. 5241. 

CISTUS VAGINATUS. 

Sheath-leaved Cistus. 



Nat. Ord. CiSTACEiE. — Polyandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx, 5-sepalus ; sepalis duplici serie dispositis, 2 externis ina> 
qualibus, interdum nullis. Petala 5, aequalia, subcuneata, caduca. Stamina oo 
saape e disco glanduloso exserta. Stylus filiformis. Stigma capitatum. Capsula 
calyce obtecta, 10-5-locularis, valvis 10-5, medio septiferis. Semina ovato-an- 
gulata. Embryo filiformis, spiralis. — Frutices, suftruticespe. Folia opposita, 
exstipuluta, Integra vet subdenticulata. Pedunculi axillares, uni- aut multi-fiori. 
Be Cand. 



Cistds (§Erythrocistus) vaginatus; foliis lanceolatis acutis trinerviis hirsutis 

subtus reticulatis petiolatis, petiolis basi dilatatis margine pilosis sulcatis 

vaginantibus, pedunculis axillaribus 1-8-floris. 
Cistus vaginatus. Ait. Hort. Km. ed. 1. v. 2. p. 232, ed. 2. v. 3. p. 304. 

Jacq. Hort. Schcenbr. v. 3. p. 17. t. 28. Bot. Beg. t. 225. Sweet, Cktin. 

t. 9. Be Cand. Brodr. v. 1. p. 265. 
Cistus symphytifolius. Lam. Encycl. v. 2. p. 15. 
Ehodocistus Bertholletianus. Spach, Veget. v. 6. p. 83, and in Webb, Phytogr. 

Canar. v. 1. p. 125. t. 12. 
/S. leucophyllm, Spach, 1. cj foliis vix pilosis, subtus praesertim ramulisque et 

calyce speciosissime cinereo-tomentosis, ovario toto tomentoso. 
Cistus candidissimus. Bon, in Be Cand. Brodr. v. 1. p. 264. Sweet, Cistin. t. 3. 
Cistus ochreatus. Link, in Bitch. Beschr. Canar. Ins. p. 153. 



It is much to be regretted, that many very handsome and 
easily cultivated plants, introduced to our gardens eighty and a 
hundred years ago, are neglected and lost, in favour of new 
plants which fall far short of them in point of beauty. The pre- 
sent is one among that number, a native of Teneriffe, cultivated 
at Kew so long ago as 1779, when seeds were sent by Frederic 
Masson, and now scarcely to be found in collections at the present 
time, save in that of W. Wilson Saunders, Esq., at Reigate, a place 
rich in rare plants of Teneriffe. To that island it is quite pecu- 
liar, growing in Pine-woods and Cistus-scrubs (" in Pinetis et 
Cisticetis ") according to Mr. Webb, at elevations upon the moun- 

APRIL 1st, 1861. 



tains of from 1800 to 90QO feet. The flowers are particularly 
large and handsome, and there is a very distinct character in the 
union of the bases of the petioles into a very conspicuous elon- 
gated striated sheath, surrounding the branch, whence the spe- 
cific name is derived. Our drawing was made at Reigate, in 
June 1860, when the plant was in great beauty. 

Descr. A shrub, three to four feet high, with hairy and viscid 
stems and branches. Leaves opposite, broad-lanceolate, very 
acute, nearly entire, three-nerved, reticulated (and rugose beneath) 
very hairy, almost felted ; petioles united for a considerable por- 
tion of the length into a compressed striated very hairy sheath. 
Upper leaves small and bracteiform. Peduncles axillary, cymose, 
one- to eight-flowered. Flowers large, drooping. Petals singu- 
larly plicate or crisped, full rose-colour, yellowish at the base. 
Stamens very numerous, collected into a cup around the pistil. 
Ovary subglobose, arising from a crenulated fleshy disk. Style 
long, subflexuose. Stigma capitate. 



Vis,. 1. Leaf, with sheathing base, — nal. size. 2. Pistil, — magnified. 



52&. 




*.i l itch.,deL.eLhth.. 



^fincent Brooks, I inp 



Tab. 5242. 

ZAMIA Skinneri. 

Mr. Skinner s Zamia. 



Nat. Ord. Cycadace^e.— Dkecia. 

Gen. Char. Flores masculi : Anthers apertse, in strobilos terminales pedun- 
culatos collectse, undique rachi communi insertas, singula? ovoidese, basi in stipi- 
tem attenuate, apice incrassato peltiformi subbilobae, lobis subtus polliniferis. 
Flor. Fcem. : Carpidia plurima, monophylla, aperta, in strobilos terminales 
pedunculatos eollecta, rachi communi undique inserta, singula basi in stipitem 
attenuata, apice in peltam hexagonam dilatata, pelta subtus utrinque ovulo unico 
inverso fceta. Fruetus e carpidiis subdiscretis. Semina ovoideo-subglobosa ; 
testa ossea, epidermide tenuiter carnosa cincta. Embryo inversus, in axi albu- 
minis carnosi, radicula respectu racheos communis centripeta. — Arbuscula in 
America tropica, imprimis in Indite Occidentalis Insidis obviae ; frondibus pinnatis ; 
pinnis basi calloso-constrictis, multinerviis ; nervis simplicibus indivisis. Midi. 



Zamia Skinneri ; caudice erecto tereti cicatricato ; frondibus paucis erecto-paten- 
tibus longe stipitatis • pinnatis, stipitibus teretibus (rachibusque) aculeatis 
basi valde incrassatis, pinnis 7-11 oppositis vel alternis remotis obovato- 
ellipticis coriaceis nitidis parallelo-multinerviis subito acuminatis dimidio 
superiore spinuloso-serratis basi attenuatis sessilibus, strobibs (masculis) 
3-4-aggregatis pedunculatis cylindricis pubescentibus ferrugineis basi multi- 
bracteatis, squamis antheriferis subpeltatis, antheris subglobosis basi pau- 
lulum^ attenuatis semibivalvibus. 

Zamia Skinneri. Warszew. in Otto et Dietrich Garten M. v. 19. p. 146, cum ic. 
Bot. Zeit. 1854, p. 27. Seemann, Bot. of Herald, p. 202. 



We received plants of this very distinct species of Zamia from 
the eminent cultivator Mr. Borsing, of Berlin. It appears to 
have been first detected at Veraguas, Isthmus of Panama, by M. 
Warszewicz. Dr. Seemann subsequently found it in the Isthmus 
of Darien, at Cape Corrientes, and a specimen from him without 
fructification is in the Hookerian herbarium. It appears to be 
described and figured by Warszewicz in the journal of Otto and 
Dietrich above quoted, but whether or not any fructification is 
noticed I am ignorant, as I have not the opportunity of seeing the 
work. I should think not, for in the brief specific character copied 
into the Bot. Zeitung, no mention is made of it. We have been 
more fortunate ; for our plants in the stove of the Royal Gardens 

APRIL, 1ST, 1861. 



of Kew produced a cluster of male strobili, which by their form 
and colour added greatly to the interest and beauty of the plant. 
It is the most distinct of all the species of Zamia known to us. 

Descr. Caudex or trunk of our largest plant erect, eighteen 
inches high, six to eight in circumference, scarred transversely 
from the fallen fronds, FrondsMaree to three and a half feet long, 
including the stipites, few (five to six), erect, patent, pinnated! 
Stipites long, two to three feet, aculeate (as is the rachis), sub- 
terete, grooved in front, singularly incrassated at the base. Pinna 
few, seven to eleven, distant, opposite or alternate, nine to four- 
teen inches long, four inches broad, coriaceous, elliptical-obovate 
suddenly acuminate, spinuloso-serrated towards the apex, atte- 
nuated, sessile, and subdecurrent at the base, the surface very 
glossy, closely striated with parallel veins. Male five to six 
inches long, an inch and upwards broad, pedunculate, rich tawny 
brown, downy, cylindrical, subacute, formed of copious sub- 
cuneate conaceo-carnose scales, peltate and subhexagonal at the 
summit, bearing, m two depressions on the under side, the sub- 
globose two-lipped anthers. 



1 sSrfl'l If 17 7*\ redU Al d ma ! e - plant 2 - Cluster of male "tons, and 

of Sntt S ? i C raClU i T mL 8ize - 4 ' 5 > and 6 > diffe ™t views 

ot tne antner-bearmg scales, — magnified. 



.5Z& 




^Pitch.acl.etlLdL. 



b Brcoks, imp. 



Tab. 5243. 
CONVOLVULUS Mauritanicus. 

Mauritanian Bindweed. 



Nat. Ord. Convolvulace^e. — Pentandria Monogynia. 

Gen.^ Char. Sepala 5. Corolla campanulata. Stylus 1. Stigmata 2, lineari- 
cylindrica, ssepe revoluta. Ovarium biloculare, biovulatum. Capsula bilocularis. — 
Herbse aut suffrutices. Be Cand. 



Convolvulus Mauritanicus; totus pallide (breviter) birsutus, radice perenni 
sublignosa multicauli, caulibus non volubilibus prostratis foliosis parte su- 
periori breviter ramosis, foliis omnibus ovatis obtusis mucronulatis breviter 
petiolatis, floribus 1-2 ad ramorum extremitatem sitis pedicello calycem 
subaequante suff'ultis, bracteis linearibus calycem sequantibus, sepabs lan- 
ceolatis acutis birsutis longe ciliatis corolla rosea vel violacea triplo brevi- 
oribus. Boiss. 

Convolvulus Mauritanicus. Boiss. Plantes d"Bspagne,p. 418. t. cxxii. A. 



A very pretty and little known species of Convolvulus, de- 
tected in the interior of northern Africa, near Constantine, com- 
municated to M. Boissier by M. Sejourne, and published in a note 
in the botany of M. Boissier's interesting ' Voyage en Espagne/ 
It is distinguished from C. Siculus and C. pentapetaloides by its 
woody and perennial root, its leaves never cordate, shortly pe- 
tiolate, and by the size of its flowers : from C. tricolor by some 
of the same characters, the leaves not attenuated upon the pe- 
tioles, its many-flowered peduncles, the length of the bracteae 
and of the sepals. The C. suffrutricosus, Desf, and C. Canta- 
brica, L., which are also perennial, have the leaves lanceolate or 
linear, the peduncles much elongated, etc. 

Our flowering specimen was received from the garden of Mr. 
William Thompson, of Ipswich, where it blossomed in the open 
air, in October 1860. 

Descr. Boot perennial, sublignose, branched, about the 
thickness of a goose-quill. This throws out several slender, 
almost filiform, prostrate, flexuose stems, which are simple, 

APEIL 1st, 1861. 



rarely branched ; these are pilose with short, soft, white hairs 
as is almost every part of the plant, scarcely perceptible to the 
naked eye. Leaves alternate, distichous, on short petioles two 
lines long, suborbicular (especially below) or ovate, obtuse or 
acute, one to one and a half inch long. Peduncles axillary 
solitary, one- to three-flowered, twice or more longer than the 
leaves, slender, filiform, bibracteate at the setting-on of the 
pedicels, and the intermediate flower has two bracteoles all of 
them linear, patulous. Calyx of five, linear-oblong, villous se- 
pals two a little smaller than the rest. Corolla twice as long 
as the calyx; the limb patent, nearly entire, purplish-blue- the 
faun or tube white. Stamens included. Filaments subulate 
pubescent at the base, two longer than the rest. Anthers ob- 
long Ovary ovate, seated on a fleshy disk, tapering into a 
slender, filiform style, with two very slender, linear stigmas 



menf \ P^n* ind,ldin | ?° P^' ^ BaSe ° f the Corolla °P™, with sta- 
mens. 6. ristil: — magnified. 



S2J&. 




WRtoh.,leLetlith 



Vincent Brooks, Imp 



Tab. 5244. 
BELOPERONE violacea. 

Violet-flowered Beloperone. 



Nat. Ord. Acanthace^e. — Diandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx profunde quinquefidus ; laciniis aequalibus, latis v. latiusculis ; 
tubo angusto. Corolla ringens, tubo labioque superiore concavo-conicis, rectis, 
inferiore labio trifido sequali, disco lam. Stamina duo, tubo infra medium in- 
serta. Antherce biloculares ; loculis basi calcaratis, in connectivo semisagittato- 
ovali oblique distantibus, altera altiore. Stigma subulatum (in specie anomala 
obtusum). Capsula a basi ad medium compresso-unguiculata, asperma, apice 
tetrasperma. Semina colorata. — Frutices Americas tropicce (rarius herbae) speciosi ; 
corollis elongatis, purpureis vel cceruleis ; bracteis sape coloratis. Spicae axillares 
terminalesque, breves, secundts. Flores alterni ; bracteis patulis bracteolisque scepe 
eequalibus, longis, linearibus lanceolatisve. Nees. 



Beloperone violacea ; suffruticosa, ramis herbaceis glabris ad nodos incras- 
satis, foliis brevi-petiolatis ovatis acuminatis integerrimis pilosulis ciliohtis, 
floribus terminalibus capitatis bracteatis, bracteis oblongo-lanceolatis paten- 
tibus foliaceis viridibus calyce brevioribus, calycis profunde 5-partitis, laci- 
niis aequalibus oblongis erectiusculis integerrimis ciliatis, corolla calyce sub- 
quadruplo longiore speciosa purpurea, labio inferiore amplo pulcherrime albo- 
lineato. 

Beloperone violacea. Planch, et Lind. Hort. Linden, n. 5. 



The genus Beloperone is formed by Nees von Esenbeck, at the 
expense of the old and overgrown genus Justicia, but how far 
with judgment must be left for Dr. Anderson to decide, who is 
preparing a treatise on Acanthacete with all the care and atten- 
tion that so difficult a subject demands. No less than thirty- 
one species are referred to it, all natives of tropical America, and 
all having elongated conspicuous purple flowers, with numerous 
foliaceous green bracts at their base. In the present instance 
the white line in the disk of the lower lip, with its many short 
branches, has a pretty effect on the purple corolla. 

Beloperone violacea was introduced to gardens in Europe 
from New Granada, by Mr. Linden, to whom we are indebted for 
our plant. It is treated with us as an ordinary stove plant, and 
is easily cultivated. Linden indeed says it succeeds perfectly 

APRIL 1st, 1861. 



" dans la serre temperee, et meme dans la serre froide ; mais 
elle prospere encore mieux en pleine terre, ou elle atteint la taille 
d un arbrisseau de deux a trois pieds de haut, tandis qu'en serre 
elle acquiert a peine la moitie de cette hauteur. Plusieurs ex- 
emplaires, plantes en pleine terre de bruyere, a l'air libre, vers 
les premiers jours de mai, se sont developpes avec une vigeur 
peu commune, et ont donne une v floraison parfaite et d'un effet 
charmant, qui a dure jusque bien avant dans l'automne/' 

The author justly considers it an important acquisition for the 
ornamentation of our parterres, especially in summer and autumn, 
But I should fear the powerful summer Continental heats would 
be required, m which we are so deficient in England ; and which 
is the cause of Cannas and other tropical ornamental plants not 
succeeding m the open air with us in summer, as they do with 
our neighbours. 



K fl L Ca l y J' Wlth pistU and bracts - 2 " Sta mens. 3. Ovary and hypogynous 



cup : — magnified 




I 



*l -Ms 

VrncentBr 



Tab. 5245. 

PARITIUM ELATUM. 

Lofty Paritium, or Cuba Bast. 



Nat. Ord. Malvaceae. — Monadelphia Polyandria. 

Gen. Char. Involucellum decem-duodecim-fidum v. -dentatura. Calyx quinque- 
fidus, laciniis sestivatione valvatis. Corollce petala 5, hypogyna, expansa, ungui- 
bus imo tubo stamineo adnata, aestivatione convolutiva. Tubus stamineus co- 
lumnaeformis, infra apicera quinquedeutatum, nudum ; filamenta plurima, breria 
exserens ; antheree reniformes. Ovarium sessile, simplex, quinqueloculare, loculis 
septo secundario parietali verticali incomplete bilocellatis. Ovula in loculis pluria, 
angulo centrali inserta, adscendentia. Stylus terminalis apice exserto quinque- 
fidus ; stigmata capitellata. Capsula quinquelocularis, loculis incomplete bilocel- 
latis, loculicide per septa incompleta bilamellata quinquevalvis, valvis margine in- 
troflexis, medio septa completa gerentibus. Semina abortu pauca, testa Crustacea, 
sinu umbilicata, nuda. Embryo intra albumen parcissimum mucilaginosum ho- 
motrope arcuatus ; cotyledonibus foliaceis, plicato-convolutis, radicula infera. — 
Arbores vet frutices, inter tropicos totius orbis crescentes ; foliis alternis, petiolatis, 
integris, subtus ad basim nervi primarii glandulosis ; stipulis lateralibus geminis, 
latis, deciduis ; pedunculis unijloris, axillaribus vel terminalibus et tunc stipulato- 
bibracteatis ; corollis lutescentibus vel purpurascentibus. Endl. 



Paritium elatum: arbor 50-60-pedalis, foliis amplis orbiculari-cordatis rarius 
subangulatis subito brevi-acuminatis integris vel brevi-dentatis submembra- 
naceis subtus incanis vel minute pubescentibus concoloribus, floribus raaxi- 
mis pedunculatis terminalibus axillaribus, junioribus bibracteatis, bracteis 
cymbiformibus amplis, petalis obovato- vel oblongo-spathulatis unguiculatis, 
capsulis lateritiis ovato-globosis, seminibus villosis. 

Paritium elatum. Don, Gard. Diet. v. 1. p. 485. Richard, Fl. Cub. v. 1. p. 146. 
Griseb. FL Br. W. Ind. p. 86. Walp. Report, v. 1. p. 311. 

Hibiscus elatus. Sw. Fl. Ind. Occ. p. 1218. M' Fad. FL. Jam. v. 1. p. 68. 

De Cand. Prodi: v. 1. p. 454. 
Hibiscus abutiloides. Willd. Enum. p. 736. De Cand. Prodr. v. 1. p. 454. 
Hibiscus arboreus, etc. Browne, Jam. p. 84. 

Malva arboreo folio rotundato, flore liliaceo. Sloane, Jam. v. 1. p. 215. t. 134. 
/ 1, 2, 3. 



This is a noble Malvaceous tree, with ample, cordato-rotundate 
foliage and large flowers, both in bud, and, when expanded, of a 
bright brick-red colour, of which no figure has been given save 
the very incomplete one of Sloane, /. c, consisting of a single 

MAY 1st, 1861. 



leaf and flower, which flower, however, Swartz refers to P. tilia- 
ceum (a species figured on the same plate), but I scarcely see 
why. It is true the two are not only nearly allied to each other, 
but are often confounded in herbaria. The tiliaceum is of uni- 
versal distribution in all tropical parts of the world, and is every- 
where spoken of as yielding a valuable and very strong fibre j 
while the Paritium datum, though certainly not yielding to P. 
tiliaceum in the quality of its fibre, is, as far as I know, wholly 
confined to Jamaica and to Cuba, and does not appear to be 
very common. M'Fadyen tells us that it inhabits the lower hills 
and plains of the interior ; but in Cuba only one locality is men- 
tioned by Don Ramon de Sagra, " crescit in Insula Cuba, loco 
dicto * Vuelto de Abajo ;' " and he makes no mention of its eco- 
nomical properties ; and, what is remarkable, the Flora of Cuba 
does not include at all the allied species P. tiliaceum, which in 
Jamaica is "common by the sea-shore." 

Dr. M'Fadyen (whose notices of the properties of plants are 
deserving of imitation by all authors of local Floras) tells us that 
our P. datum "affords a very valuable timber, much prized, es- 
pecially by cabinet-makers, having, when worked up and polished, 
the appearance of dark-green variegated " (often called " green 
ebony/ 1 W. T. March, Esq.) ; " that the bark is the material 
employed by the Negroes in making the better description of 
ropes ; and that young shoots and leaves yield abundantly a fine 
mucilage, which has been employed with advantage, infused in 
boiling water, as a substitute for the vanglo, or zezegary, in dy- 

Till recently no one has hinted at any connection between the 
substance of Cuba Bast,— so well known in commerce for the 
beauty of its network-like fibre of the inner bark, resembling 
lace-bark of Lagetta lintearia, extensively used as a substitute 
tor the bast of the Lime-tree during our war with Russia— and 
this plant. At length my valued friend, Henry Christy, Esq., 
enabled us to settle the question by sending specimens and seeds 
from Cuba which proved to be the tree now under considera- 
tion, and from which our figure is taken (see also a notice on 
this subject m the ■ Kew Garden Miscellany,' vol. viii. p. 347). 
lhus a tree till lately supposed to be peculiar to Jamaica, is 
proved in Cuba to be the Bast of the latter island; and this is 
confirmed also by seeds since sent thence by Mr. Scharfenberg. 
Mr. N Wilson, of the Jamaica Botanic Garden, has extracted 
exactly the same fibre from the Paritium datum of Jamaica. 
u^ fZ i \ ' da J mi ( mounta »> Mahoe) and P. tiliaceum 
£ a J ld ! f ah ° 7 e) are T dlStlnct or ^t, may perhaps still be consi- 

M FadvTn fr i u " IT- that Patrick Browne, Sloane, 
M Fadven, De Candolle, and Grisebach maintain the two species 



but I think the marks of distinction given are very unsatisfac- 
tory, and assuredly very variable. If, indeed, the figure of Pa- 
ritium tiliaceum, as given in the ' Botanical Register,' t. 232, be 
compared with our present figure of P. datum, they may, on the 
first aspect, be considered distinct enough ; while in reality the 
main difference is in the size of the leaves and flowers, and the 
colour of the latter, yellow (as it is always described in tilia- 
ceum), bright brick-red in ourelatum; while Grisebach describes 
its " petals in the early morning of a pale primrose-colour, then 
becoming orange-colour and deep-red as the day advances." No 
such change took place in the flowers of our living plant. In 
these, too, the petals are very broad-obovate and clawed : in our 
dried native specimen most of the petals are narrow and oblong 
or subspathulate, and as to colour, when dry they become of a 
deep, almost verdigris-green, sometimes quite coppery, and at 
other times partaking of the two colours. I have used the best 
marks I can find in my specific character, which may render any 
further description superfluous. 



Fig. 1. Portion of a forked filament and anthers, — magnified. 2. Capsule 
and involucel (the large calyx having fallen away). 3. Seed -.—natural size. 4. 
Seed , — magnified. 



S246. 




VBtj3i,lel ctliftv. 



"Viȣent Brooks, Trap 



Tab. 5246. 

TILLANDSIA recurvifolia. 

Recurved-leaved Tillandsia. 



Nat. Ord. Bromeliace.e. — Hexandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide Supra, Tab. 5229.) 



Tillandsia recurvifolia; foliis glaucescenti-lepidotis, e lata basi lanceolato-su- 
bulatis canaliculars integerrimis, radicalibus insigniter recurvis, floralibus 
erecto-subpatentibus minus glaucis spicam sequantibus, scapo folioso brevis- 
simo, spica late ovata subcapitata laxe bracteata, bracteis elliptico-oblongis 
acutissimis roseis, calycis albi laciniis lanceolatis mucronato-acutis basi in 
tubum unitis, corollse albse petalis spathulatis stamina superantibus fila- 
mentis supra medium crispato-flexuosis. 



This is, as far as I can find, a new species of Tillandsia, evi- 
dently of the same group as, and nearly allied to, the pretty T. 
pulchella, figured in a late number of this Magazine, Tab. 5229, 
differing in the much broader, very glaucous, all very much re- 
curved leaves, in the larger, almost sessile, and nearly ovate 
spikes of flowers, with much broader and pink-coloured, not red, 
bracts. We owe the possession of it to our friend, W. D. 
Christie, Esq., British Minister at Rio, who introduced it to 
Kew Gardens from Panama. I have already remarked, that 
easily as the Tillandsia are to import living, and tenacious as 
they are of life, no plants are more difficult to preserve in culti- 
vation for any length of time. 

Descr. Stemless. Radical leaves copious, densely imbrica- 
ting at their broad base, and thence becoming lanceolato-subu- 
late, three to four inches long, channelled, thickly clothed with 
minute scales, which give them a hoary and very glaucescent 
appearance ; the interior and superior leaves, which immediately 
surround the inflorescence, are more erect, less glaucous, but 
broader, in proportion to the length, at their base. Scape very 
short, leafy, terminated by a broad ovate spike or capitulum of 
flowers, laxly imbricated with large broad-oblong, very acute, 

MAY 1st, 1861. 



rose-coloured scales, sometimes tipped with yellowish-green 
The white flowers force back the rose-coloured bracts and pro- 
trude a very little beyond them. Calyx of three erect imbrica- 
ting almost mucronate sepals, nearly as long the corolla, united 
into a tube at the base. Petals pure white, with a spathulate 
limb and broad white claws. Stamens as long as the claws 
Filaments linear-subulate, crisped and tortuose above the middle 
Anthers small, linear. Ovary ovate, tapering into a thickened 
style, and terminated by three euneate nearly erect stigmas. 



Kg. 1. Entire flower. 2. Petal and two stamens. 8. Pistil -.—all magnified. 




WFiUih,3gl,etli£h 



ViaccntBrooHlT^P 



Tab. 5247. 
MALORTIEA simplex. 

Simple-leaved Malortiea. 



Nat. Ord. Palmace^e. — Mon<ecia Hex-Dodecandria. 
Gen. Char. ? 



Malortiea simplex ; lamina frondium plerumque simplici rare bijuge-pinnati- 
secta oblcmga vel elcmgato-oblonga, apice brevissime bifida utrinque nervis 
primariis circiter 12, raargine inferiore integro, superiore grosse dentato, 
dentibus excisis, segmentis compositis omnino adnatis, spadicibus simplici- 
ter pauci-raraosis, starainibus 12. H. TFendl. 

Malortiea simplex. Herm. Wendland in Botanische Zeitung, No. 1 for 1859, 
p. 5. 



" Palma csespitosa, pusilla, gracilis, metrum alta, valde affinis 
Malorliea gracili ; differt lamina frondium simplici rare bijuge- 
pinnatisecta, apice brevissime bifida. Patria Costa Rica orien- 
talis. In hortis colitur." With the exception of this remark 
and the above specific character, this is all that we can find re- 
lating to this most graceful little Palm. It flowered in our stove 
in February of the present year, 1861 ; and we owe the posses- 
sion of it to Mr. Hermann Wendland, of the Royal Hanoverian 
Garden of Herrnhausen. Respecting the genus, we can only 
discover a bare mention of the name as the 33rd Genus in 
" Hermann Wendland's Index Palmarum, Cyclanthearum, Pan- 
danearum, Cycadearum, quas in hortis Europseis coluntur, syno- 
nymis gravioribus interpositis," with no reference to any charac- 
ter or description, and one species is named as belonging to it, 
namely, M. gracilis, of Herm. Wendland ; and the " synonyma 
gnaviora " given under it, are " Chamadorea fenestrata, Hort. 
Parment. ; Ckamarops fenestrata, Hort. Amstelod.; and Geonoma 
fenestrata, Hort. Makoy," but none of these appear to be de- 
scribed or further noticed. 

I feel it better, under such circumstances, to abstain from any 

MAY 1st, 1861. 



further remark : but if it should be our fortune to have the op- 
portunity of figuring the MahrHea gracilis, we trust by that 
time Mr. Wendland will have published his views of the genus, 
and some further details relative to the two species. 



^ Fig. 1. Reduced figure of Malortiea simplex, Herra. Wendl. 2. Leaf. 3. 
Spadix and spatha -.—natural size. 4. Male and female flowers. 5. Male flower. 

6. Female flower. 7. Inner view of the corolla. 8. Pistil. 9. Youn°- fruit : 

all more or less magnified. 



5W. 




WfirtEh,dA.etlTtk 



"Vincent Brooks, fa 



Tab. 5248 

DRACAENA bicolor. 
Broad-leaved Two-coloured Draccena. 



Nat. Ord. Asparagine^e. — Hexandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Terigonium corollaceura, tubulosum, profunde sex-fid urn ; laciniis 
subspathulato-linearibus, obtusis, uninerviis, sequalibus, patentissimis vel recur- 
vatis. Stamina 6, fauci perigonii iaserta, exserta, erecto-patula. Filamenta 
plana, angusto-linearia, apice subulato-attenuata. Antherce biloculares, oblongre 
vel iineari-oblonga:, apice bilobce, basi bifidae, dorso medio affixse, introrsae. 
Ovarium liberum, sessile, oblongum, triloculare ; ovula in loculis solitaria, ses- 
silia, adscendentia, anatropa. Columna stylina filiformis, sulcato-triangularis, 
erecta, stamina superans. Stigma trilobum, lobis rotundatis. Bacca subglobosa 
vel tripulvinato-globosa, carnoso-succulenta, l-3-spenna. Semina subglobosa. 
Embryo in basi albuminis cornei ad latus exterius locatus. — Caules arborei vel 
fruticosi, simplices vel ramosi, foliis delapsis semiannulato-cicatrizati. Folia in 
apice caulis et ramorum conferta, lanceolata vel linearia, integerrima, smpe inferne 
angustato-petiolata, ima basi semiamplexicaulia, striato~nervosa, pergamena vel 
subcoriacea, glabra. Panicuke terminates, solitaria, simplices vel ramosa, brac- 
teatce, rarissime ad racemum solitarium redactm. • Flores pedicellati, solitarii, 
gemini, terni vel quini, in ramis paniculce racemowm dispositi, albidi, virescenti- 
vel fiavido-albi ; pedicellis basi bracteolatis, superne articulatis. Kth. 



Dracaena bicolor ; suffrutex humilis simplex, foliis ovatis subcoriaceis costatis 
vix striatis undulatis brevi-acuminatis apice mucronato-setaceis inferne in 
petiolum latum canaliculatum basi amplexicaule attenuatum, racemo capi- 
tato-spicato multifloro bracteato, pedicellis brevisshnis, bracteolis lanceo- 
latis intense purpureis longitudine corollas tubi, lirabi laciniis linearibus 
patentibus albis purpureo-marginatis, staminibus longe exsertis. 



A native of Fernando Po, whence living plants were sent to 
us by Mr. Gustav Mann, in 1860: they flowered in February 
of the following year. Its nearest ally is doubtless the Dracana 
ovata of Gawler, in Bot. Magazine, Tab. 1179; but that differs 
in the strongly marked parallel nerves of the leaves and the 
much shorter fascicle of flowers of a pale-rose colour, and other 
characters. It requires the heat of a stove, and flowered with 
us in February, 1861. 

Descr. A foot high, erect. Stem as thick as the little finger, 
leafy, principally above. Leaves five to six inches long, inclu- 
ding the rather short, broad, channelled petiole, ovate, waved, en- 
tire at the margin, rather suddenly acuminate, with a soft mucro 

MAY 1st, 1861. 



at the point. Raceme compound, dense, spicato-capitate, sessile, 
almost globose, very pretty from the mixture of white and deeply 
purple. Outer bracts large, broad, with amplexicaul bases. Brae- 
teoles bright-purple, as long as the tubes of the corolla. Corolla 
white, the segments tipped and margined with purple. Stamens 
exserted. Germen ovate, three-celled, each cell with one erect 
seed. Style long, slender, filiform. Stigma capitate, three-lobed. 



Fig. 1. Flower with its two bracts. 2. Stamen. 3. Pistil. 4. Ovary cut 
through vertically. 5. Ovary cut through transversely : — magnified. 







\incent_H: 



Tab. 5249. 
DENDROBIUM ltngu^forme 

Linguiform Dendrobium. 



Nat. Ord. Orchide^. — Gynandria Monandria. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4352.) 



Dendrobium lingueeforme ; caulibus teretibus repentibus, foliis sessilibus obo- 
vatis alte trisulcatis, racerais erectis multifloris, sepalis petalisque Hnearibus 
acuminatissimis, labelli abbreviati lobo undulato tricarinato. IAndl. 

Dendeobium linguEeforme. Sw. Act. Holm. 1809, n. 247. Sm. Exot. Pot. 1. 11. 
Willd. Sp. PI. v. 4. p. 138. Brown, Prodr. Fl. Nov. Roll. p. 333. IAndl. 
Gen. et Sp. OrcHd. p. 85. 



A singular and we believe very rare Orchideous plant, first 
discovered by Sir J. Banks in the Pacific Islands, during Cap- 
tain Cook's celebrated voyage ; afterwards found by Mr. Brown 
in New Holland, at Port Jackson: and lately fine growing 
plants were sent to us from Moreton Bay by Mr. Hill. Culti- 
vators of Orchideous plants will not despise this because it does 
not produce the gay and showy flowers which characterize so 
many of the family. The leaves are very curious, thick, and 
fleshy, and almost resemble pseudobulbs, while the racemes of 
flowers are elegant and graceful, and, save the labellum, of an 
ivory-white colour. It flowers with us in the winter months, 
and ought to succeed well in an ordinary greenhouse, seeing 
that the species is a native of Port Jackson, and found, accord- 
ing to Sir James Smith, " upon rocks on the sea-shore." That 
author, who figures it from a dry specimen, further remarks, 
" that ' the pretty delicate flowers, and the singularity of the 
stem and leaves, entitle it to a place in our conservatories, if a 
stone could be brought with the roots, and their mossy clothing 
undisturbed." We find it, however, succeed well on a piece of 

wood. , 

Desor. The green rounded stem, about as thick as a swan s 

MAY 1st, 1861. 



quill, creeps on the substance to which it attaches itself for a 
few inches, is branched, and bears rather numerous, alternate, 
very thick and fleshy, elliptical, sessile leaves, convex at the 
back, nearly plane on the upper surface, but marked with three 
rather deep longitudinal furrows. In a young state there are 
sheathing, short, membranaceous stipules at the base of the 
leaves, which are deciduous. From the base of the leaves again 
arise the slender, filiform jlower-stalks, with one or two mem- 
branaceous bracts near the base, scarcely exceeding the leaf in 
length, terminated by a raceme of white flowers three to four 
inches long. Ovary small, tapering into a pedicel Sepals and 
petals long, linear, acuminate ; the two inferior sepals gibbous 
at the base. Lip small, quite concealed by the perianth, close- 
pressed to the column, three-lobed, middle lobe the largest, 
acute, reflexed, yellow, with red spots ; the disk bearing three 
elevated plates or crests, which are crisped; side-lobes white, 
with a few red spots within. 



Fig 1. Side view of a flower. 2. The same, with the sepals and petals re- 
moved. 3, 4. Different views of the labellum :— all magnified. 



5160. 




lucent Brooks, Imp 



Tab. 5250. 
AMOMUM Clusii. 

Golden-flowered Grain of Paradise. 



Nat. Orel. Zingiberace.b.— Monandkia Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4603.) 



Amomum Clusii; glabrum, caule elongato folioso, foliis lineari- v. oblongo- 
lanceolatis longe acuminatis, scapis floriferis radicalibus paucifloris, bracteis 
oblongo-cymbiforraibus emarginato-cuspidatis, corolla? aurea? lobis latera- 
libus patentibus lanceolato-subulatis, dorsali araplo obovato-oblongo latera- 
libus longiore, labello late ovato-spathulato siibacuto margine integro, fila- 
mento basi utrinque appendicula subulata aucto, connectivo apice obtuso, 
cornubus lateralibus subulatis porrectis. 

Amomum Clusii. Smith in Bees' Cyclop, (fide Hanbury). 

Amomum Danielli. H.f. (quoad colorem fioris) , in Keio Joum. Bot. 1852, v. 4. 
p. 129. 



The determination of the various Amoma of Western Africa, 
several of which yield the seeds called " Bastard MeUigetta 
and " Grains of Paradise," have long been a source of great 
difficulty both to the botanist and pharmacologist ; and our ef- 
forts to clear up the subject, by means of correspondence with 
our own and other collectors in that country, and by figuring spe- 
cimens cultivated at Kew, have hitherto resulted in little beyond 
good illustrations and further confusion of synonymy. This has 
arisen very much from the necessity of having, besides dried 
specimens of leaves, flowers, and fruit (which appear at different 
seasons), flowers preserved in spirits or acid, and notes of their 
colour. Unfortunately some collectors have not hitherto been 
successful either in matching them properly, nor in making sure 
that the seeds sent home for germination, belonged to the plant 
to which they referred them. In the case of this species, the 
result has been the confounding of a golden-flowered and red- 
flowered species, by Dr. Hooker, in the ' Kew Journal of Bo- 
tany ;' he being misled by Dr. Darnell's confident assertion that 
the plant there figured had yellow flowers, and that the seeds, 

JUNK 1st, 1861. 



which subsequently produced the plants figured in this Maga- 
zine (Tab. 4674) were gathered from the same individuals. 

Mr. Hanbury, indeed, who has paid great attention to this 
subject, and who pointed out to Dr. Hooker the erroneous iden- 
tification here alluded to, considers the yellow- and red-flowered 
plants as varieties. He says, — " I am obliged to conclude that 
A. Danielli varies in colour of flower from yellow to crimson ; 
also considerably in the size of the fruit, in the latter being 
more or less furrowed ; in the length of the scape, being simple 
or branched ; and bearing one, two, or many fruits ; and in the 
leaves being six inches to a foot or more long. The flowers do 
not differ much wherever grown, the apex of the anther is some- 
times truncated ; the seeds always brilliantly polished. I consider 
it to be the A. Clusii, Smith, and the " Amomum a grandes 
feuilles du Senegal" of Guibourt. 

That Mr. Hanbury is right in considering these plants as 
varieties (as Dr. Hooker had previously supposed, Kew Journ. 
Bot. vi. p. 294) we can well conceive, the only differences being, 
besides. the colour, the smaller flowers and foliage of this, and 
its more acute labellum, with margins not undulated. Both 
are sent under the name of " Barsalo," or " Bassalo " and both 
grow at several parts of the Bight of Benin, as Sierra Leone, 
Fernando Po, and Prince's Island. 

The specimens here figured are from plants sent from Fer- 
nando Po by the lamented Mr. Barter, botanist to Dr. Baikie's 
Niger Expedition. It flowered in December. 



Fig. 1. Flowering plant on a reduced scale. 2 and 3. Flowering portions, 
together with a single leaf, — natural size. 



SiSi 







Tab. 5251. 
STREPTOCARPUS Saundersii. 

Mr. Saunders s Streptocarpus. 



Nat. Ord. Cyrtandrace^:. — Diandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx 5-partitus, persistens, sequalis. Corolla tubuloso-infundibu- 
liformis, tubo calycem duplo vel multoties superante, fauce ventricosa, limbo 
obliquo 5-lobo subsequali. Stamina 5, anteriora 2 fertilia, antberis glabris 
connatis, loculis divaricatis, superiora 3 sterilia, tubo omnino adnata, apice tuber- 
culiforruia. Ovarium teres, elongatum, rectum, 1-loculare, fere 4-loculare, pla- 
centis 2, didymis, lamellis conniventibus, dissepimentum spurium formantibus, 
utrinque revolutis, margine ovuliferis. Stylus linearis. Stigma bilabiatum, 
lobis reniformibus, inferiore vix majore. Capsula sibquseformis, teres, apice de- 
pressa, spiraliter torta, loculicide debiscens, ovarii structure conformis. Semina 
plurima, minuta, oblonga. — Herbse austro-Jfricanee, acaules, cnespitosae vel cau- 
lescentes. Folia opposita (pel solitaria). Scapi plurimi, \(-%-vel pluri)-fiori, 
juniores circinatim involuti. Corolla? pallide caruleo-purpurascentes, intus lineis 
parpureis nolatce. Be Cand. 



Streptocarpus Saundersii; foliis solitariis amplissimis radicalibus humifusis 
cordatis obtusis grosse serratis velutino-pubescentibus subtus tomentosis ele- 
vato-venosis pulcberrime purpureo-roseis, scapis folio longioribus e basi folii 
costse latae aggregatis, cymis compositis multifloris, corollaa tubo lato rcc- 
tiusculo, limbo obliquo bilabiato, labio superiore duplo minore bifido, in- 
feriore 3-fido, lobis obovato-cuneatis. 



For more than two months past this very fine new species of 
Didymocarpus has been in great beauty, and a succession of 
flowers are still appearing ; it is unquestionably the finest of all 
the four species of the genus now known to our gardens. Its 
general affinity is with our Streptocarpus polyanthus, figured at 
Tab. 4850 of this work, but the differences are considerable: in 
polyanthus there is a compound, racemose panicle; the corolla 
has a short, narrow, singularly flexuose tube, much shorter than 
the limb ; the leaves are much smaller, of a pale-green colour 
beneath. The great charm of our present plant is in the size, 
the colour of the under side of the foliage, rich purple-rose, less 
deep, indeed, as the leaves advance in age, and the delicate 
greyish-blue colour of the copious flowers, with two purple 
blotches in the faux. Cultivated in a good-sized pot, we can 

JUNE 1st, 1861. 



hardly conceive a more interesting stove-plant.* It is pos- 
sible it may bear a warm greenhouse in the summer months. It 
is a native of Natal. We owe the possession of it to our liberal 
friend W. Wilson Saunders, Esq., who received the seeds from 
Mr. Plant. We dedicate this species with great satisfaction to 
Mr. Saunders, who has done much for South African botany. 

Our drawing was made in April, 1861. As is the case in 
S. polyanthus, the scapes originate from the base of the broad 
costa of the leaf, several rising in a line, and their bases are con- 
fluent. 

Descr. Leaf solitary, radical, a foot long, and eight to nine 
inches broad, cordate, obtuse, velvety, strongly and coarsely ser- 
rated at the margin, pale yellowish-green above, beneath purple- 
rose-colour and very tomentose, costa or midrib very broad ; pri- 
mary veins strong and very prominent beneath ; these are united 
by transverse secondary veins ; ultimate veins or veinlets obscure. 
Scapes several, arising in a line from the base of the midrib, 
and confluent, erect, stout, terete, pubescent, green, bearing a 
compound cyme at the summit of numerous, rather large, pale- 
blue, drooping flowers. Pedicels an inch long. Calyx of five, 
deep, linear-lanceolate, rather small, somewhat spreading seg- 
ments. Corolla an inch and a half long, infundibuliform : tube 
broad, nearly straight, longer than the very oblique limb, which 
has tw r o, spreading lips ; upper one two- , lower one three-lobed ; 
lobes oval or obovate ; faux with two deep purple spots, sepa- 
rated by a yellow line. Stamens two, very small, coadunate by 
their anthers ; and three very small abortive ones, of which one 
is reduced to a small gland. Ovary cylindrical, downy, as well 
as the style, nearly equal to it in length, becoming twisted be- 
fore the fruit is mature. 



Pig. 1. Corolla laid open. 2. Pistil -.—magnified. 

* Since our drawing was made, at the present moment, the three nionophyl- 
lous plants cultivated in one pot have yielded twenty-one scapes, and more than 
a hundred and twenty flowers are in perfection. 



sm. 




:el ethth. 



VmceT\tBrot.- 



Tab. 5252. 

DIMORPHOTHECA graminifolta. 

Grassy-leaved Dimorphotheca. 



Nat. Ord. Composite. — Syngenesia Polygamia Necessaria. 

Gen. Char. Capitula radiata, ft. radii foemineis ligulatis, disci exterioribus 
hermaphroditis tubulosis quinque-dentatis ad lobos extus appendiculatis, intimis 
masculis abortivis. Involucrum uniseriale, squamis linearibus acurainatis. Recep- 
taculum planum, demum convexum, nudum aut palcis paucis deciduis instructura. 
Stylus jlor. kermaphr. desinens in ramulos breves acutos apice rotundatos mar- 
gine glanduliferos extus piliferos, Jlor. foem. in ramulos longos glabros fissus. 
Achcenia recta, calva, radii exalata obconica subtriquetra tuberculata, disci plano- 
compressa bialata, alls semine latioribus margine incrassatis. — Herbae aut suffru- 
tices Capenses. Folia plus minus scabrida, alterna. Capitula terminalia, solitaria; 
disco luteo aut fusco ; ligulis supra albis, subtus purpurascentibus, nunc luteis. 
Be Cand. 



Dimorphotheca (§ Lestibodea) graminifolta ; caulibus simplicissimis monoce- 

pbalis subapbyllis, foliis ad collum plerisque confertis linearibus subinteger- 

rimis. De Cand. 
Dimorphotheca graminifolia. Be Cand. Prodr. 
Calendula graminifolia. Linn. Sp. PL v. 2. p. 1305. Mill. Card. Bict. n. 7 ; 

Icon. t. 76. /. 1. Berg, Cap. p. 311. Ait. Hort. Kew. v. 3. p. 271- ed. 2. 

v. h.p. 167. Willd. Sp. PI. v. 3. p. 2345. Loddiges, Bot. Cab. Bot. Reg. 

t. 289. 
Dimorphotheca Statices folio. Vaill. Act. Paris, 1720,^. 280. 
Arctotis tenuifolia. Poir. Suppl. v. 1. p. 439. 
Bellis Africana, florum pediculos foliosis, foliis angustis et integris. Commel. 

Hort. v. 2. p. 67. t 34. 



Were this not so straggling a plant, it would surely be a greater 
favourite in our greenhouses than it is ; but the flowers want com- 
pactness, handsome as they are individually; so that, though 
known in European gardens as early as 1698, when it was intro- 
duced into Holland from the Cape, it has never been generally 
cultivated, and has often been lost to the country. We raised it 
recently from seeds sent from South Africa ; it also strikes rea- 
dily from cuttings. It might make a good summer bedding-out 
plant, if the stems were well pegged down. Our drawing was 
made in April of 1861. 

Descr. Stems between herbaceous and woody, weak, terete, 

JUNE 1st, 1861. 



green, varying in length, simple or slightly branched. Leaves 
linear or linear subspathulate, from three to four or five inches 
long, entire or slightly toothed. Flowers on long terminal pe- 
duncles, two and a half inches across. The ray white above, 
orange-brown beneath. The disk deep purple, dotted with the 
yellow of the anthers. 



Fig. 1. Floret of the ray, with its wingless ovary. 2. Front of the disk, with 
stamens and pistil : — magnified. 




i m 







Vincent 



Tab. 5253. 

STENOGASTER concinna. 

Neat Stenogaster. 



Nat. Ord. Cyrtandrace.e. — Didynamia Angiospermia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx quinquefidus, basi ovario adnatus, obliquus. Corolla in- 
fundibuliformi-campanulata v. hypocraterimorpha, limbo obliquo patente. Sta- 
mina 4 ; antheris per paria connatis. Glandulce 5, distinctae. Ovarium vix 
serai-inferum, ovoideum ; stigmate bilobo. 



Stenogaster concinna ; pusilla, puberula, caulibus brevissimis caBspltosis, foliia 
petiolatis late ovato-rotundatis grosse crenato-serratis, pedunculis axillaribus 
elongatis unifloris scapseformibus, calyce parvo, corolla? pallide lilacinae, 
tubo superne luride purpureo, fauce pallida intus maculata. 



This pretty little plant flowered in Messrs. Veitch and Son's 
Nursery, at Chelsea, in the month of April last, but it is not 
known from what country it came, nor by whom it was imported. 
The habit is that of a small Indian Didymocarpus, but the po- 
sition of the ovary, the glands, and stamens, remove it from that 
tribe of the Order, and place it amongst the old Gloxinias. It 
appears to accord with the characters of Hansteen's genus Steno- 
gaster, and has the same subscapigerous habit and flower as 
S. hirsuta (Bot. Mag. Tab. 1004). The deep-green close foliage, 
bright stems, petioles, and veins, and abundance of pretty flowers, 
render it an attractive plant, when well cultivated. 

Descr. Stems deeply tufted, half an inch to an inch high, 
deep vinous red, as are the petioles and veins of the leaf. Leaves 
opposite, broadly ovate, subrotund, strongly crenate, about half 
an inch to three-quarters of an inch broad. Flowering peduncles 
axillary, very numerous, solitary, one-flowered, naked, resembling 
scapes. Flowers nearly an inch long. Calyx green, small, ob- 
lique, with five, narrow-oblong, blunt lobes. Corolla between 
funnel-shaped and campanulate, with five spreading blunt lobes. 
pale-lilac, deeper along the upper surface of the tube and on the 

JUNE 1st, 1861. 



throat above, yellower below, the throat spotted with purple. 
Stamens four, included ; the anthers connate in pairs ; filaments 
inserted near the base of the tube. — /. D. H. 



Fig. 1. Leaf. 2. Calyx and pistil. 3. Corolla, laid open, showing the stamens. 
4. Pistil and glands at the base of the ovary ; — magnified. 




WBtdiMetliltL 



"Pmcent Brooks. Irr-p- 



Tab, 5254. 

begonia phyllomaniaca. 

Proliferous-stemmed Begonia. 



Nat. Ord. Begoniace^e. — Mon(ECIa Polyandkia. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 4172.) 



Begonia phyllomaniaca; caule elongato subtortuoso eiccto carnoso viridi tercti 
crasso patentim parce et patentim piloso molliter subulato-setoso copio- 
sissime prolifero, petiolis longitudine foliorum vel longioribus, foliis setni- 
pedalibus, cordato-ovatis inasquilateris subpeltatis longe acuminatis basi 
pra3cipue varie lobatis, lobis acuminatis margine apiceque molliter spinuloso- 
serratis ciliatisque viridibus, braoteis ovatis acuminatis membranaceis paten- 
tibus fuscis, paniculis corymbosis axillaribus, floribus tetrapetalis, exteriori- 
bus suborbicularibus ; masculorum 2 interioribus nanis, fcemineorum 2 in- 
terioribus exter. sequilongis angustioribus, capsular immature alis omnibus 
insequalibus, 2 brevibus, unica elongata obtusa. 

Begonia phyllomaniaca. Mart, in Hook. Kew Gard. Miscell. v. 4. p. 206. 

Knesebegkia phyllomaniaca. Klotzsch in JFalpers Annal. v. 4. p. 890. 



This Begonia has been received from the Berlin Botanic Gar- 
den under the name of B. prolifera* and, as is too much the 
case with horticulturists, without any authority for the name 
attached to it, or any notice of the country whence it has been 
derived ; and in the present state of the very difficult genus 
Begonia, with the several changes that it has undergone, first 
by the late Dr. Klotzsch, and more recently by M. Alphonse De 
Candolle, it would seem a hopeless task to endeavour to ascer- 
tain if it is anywhere described. Fortunately it possesses a 
character which led to the determination of the species in this 
case, namely, in the whole surface of the stem, and^ to a certain 
extent the leaf-stalks also, being all quite "herisse" or squar- 
rose, and proliferous, so to say, with minute leaves, single or in 
clusters, which are capable of forming new plants, and which ap- 
pear in some cases to burst through the bark of the stem ; at 
other times soft spine-like, green papillae develope themselves into 

* There is a Begonia prolifera of Alphonse De Candolle, in the Ann. des Sc. 
Nat. 4th ser. v. 11. p. 135, but that is a atemktt wad very different plant. 

JUNE 1st, 1861. 



these leaf-buds. The only mention 1 can find of it is in Hook. 
Kew Garden Misc. vol. iv. p. 206, in a communication from Dr. 
Wallich, to the following effect : — " At one of the last meetings 
of the Royal Bavarian Academy at Munich, a very remarkable 
species of Begonia was exhibited by Professor Von Martius, 
having this extraordinary peculiarity, that it produces from the 
stem, branches and petioles, innumerable leaflets, which on being 
detached and placed on- moist ground, produce roots and plants. 
In order to mark this singular property, the Professor calls the 
species B. phyttomaniaca— -being possessed by phyllomania. On 
the. margin and apex of these leaflets (which sometimes cover 
the plant to the extent of a thousand, and which at first are 
hair-shaped), cells are produced, single or united into groups 
(three to six), and filled with a yellow juice. One common cell 
often envelopes one of these little groups, and afterwards peels 
off, ready to constitute a new plant.* This is phyllomania in 
earnest. The account is accompanied by a brief but very accu- 
rate description, which leaves no doubt of the identity of our 
plant with it. The native country of the plant is not given. 



P S g ' 1 V?u PSUle ;-, 2 ' Transverse section of capsule,— slightly magnified. 3. 
Portion of the proliferous stem,— natural size. 

M^W^S? al T T writ , ten '. 1 find « the latest Fasciculus (xxvii.) of Von 
^ F1 7 f a ! lliei f Q 8 ' which *** J^t reached my hands, a very full ac- 
Zlw V r' 3t t 38 , 6 vT here il is referred t0 the group of Gereondia of 
SdlOn ( S Z G r°; d !\f ^ 0t r h) > and admirable representations at t. 99 
th7™?n„^i? P Vwrf the vei T remarkable physiological structure of 

s sa?d to ?nth t S r , ^ * budS ; m a numerous series «f % ur es. The species 
is said to inhabit Guatemala, and, probably, Brazil. 




5155 



* %»* 



•■# %. 






"\5 



*.'J 



1 



J 




y*K 




VScerfrBrwS 



Tab. 5255. 

CALADIUM bicolor, var. Chantini. 

Two-coloured Caladium ; Chantins var. 



Nat. Ord. Aroidejs. — Moncecia Monandria. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 5199.) 



Caladium bicolor ; foliis peltatis ovato-sagittatis, lobis profundis paululum diva- 
ricatis bicoloribus, spatha erecta basi ovoidea v. subglobosa medio coarc- 
tata apice ovato-acuminata. 

Var. Chantini; foliis supra luride viridibus albo maculatis venis latissime rubris. 

Caladium bicolor. Vent. PL Nouv. t. 30. (Tab. Nostr. 5199, cum st/n.) 

Caladium Chantini. Ch. Lem. III. Bort. Aug. 1858, p. 58. Flore des Serres 
t. 1352. 



Amongst the many splendid kinds of varigated-leaved plants, 
for most of which we are indebted to the skill of the horticul- 
turist, none surpasses the present in effectiveness; for owing 
to the breadth of the white and red markings, and especially to 
the vividiness of the latter, it stands out in brilliant relief against 
the broad green foliage of the stove. When describing a more 
delicate but less conspicuous variety, var. Neumannii, at Tab. 
5199, we stated that there could be no doubt of its being a 
variety of the old and well-known C. bicolor, and we need hardly 
add that this is another state of the same protean species. Both 
are stated to have been imported from Para. It has been ob- 
served that these and other kindred Aroids display in their 
native forests considerable variations in the colour of the leaf; 
but these are never so marked or vivid as they become by care- 
ful cultivation, and propagation afterwards from the brightest- 
coloured individuals that appear. Even our own Arum macula- 
turn displays some tendency to vary in the colour of the leaf, 
and a specimen was the other day sent to the Royal Gardens, 
with two clear cream-coloured bands on the leaf; it was a soli- 
tary sickly plant however, growing in a ditch, and is probably 
not strong enough to establish a garden variety from. 



Fig. 1. Spadix. 2, 3. Stamen. 4. Ovary. 5. Vertical and transverse sec- 
tions of ovary : — all magnified. 

July 1st, 1861. 



sm. 




■\5raent Brooks, irap 



Tab. 5256. 

BEGONIA GLANDULOSA. 

Glandular-leaved Begonia. 



Nat. Ord. Begoniace^. — Mon<ecia Polyandma. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4172.) 



Begonia glandulosa,; rhizomate crasso suberecto flexuoso, stipulis magnis 
ovatis acuminatis, petiolis elongatis teretibus pilosis, foliis late oblique 
orbiculari-cordatis acuminatis sinuato-dentatis carnosis utrinque nitidis su- 
perne venis nigro-pictis glaberrimis, subtus minutissime pustulatis, scapo 
elongato tereti glabrato folia aequante v. superante, cyma repetite dicho- 
toma rainulis laxe trichotome ramosis multifloris, ramulis pedicellisque 
gracilibus, floribus parvis, masculis sepalis 2 ovato-orbiculatis, staminibus 
6-8, fcemineis sepalis 4 oblongis, capsula3 ala magna triangulari. 

Begonia glandulosa. A. Be Candolle in Herb. Hook. 

Begonia multinervia. Liebm., Mexic. Begon.p. 18? 

Begonia nigro-venia. Hort. Linden. 



This plant was received from Mr. Linden seven years ago, 
under the name of B. nigro-venia. It is certainly identical with 
a plant called in our herbarium B. glandulosa, A. DC, by De 
Candolle himself, when preparing the Begonias for publication 
in the forthcoming volume of the 'Prodromus,' and which was 
gathered by Seemann at Veraguas. (See Ann. Sc. Nat. ser. iv. 
vol. ii. p. 148.) This plant, however, agrees with Liebmann's 
description of B. multinervia, from Costa Rica, so closely that 
it is not improbable that they may be the same. 

Descr. Rhizome stout, prostrate, ascending, covered with 
stipular scales. Petioles a span long and upwards, terete, 
bright-red, rather hairy. Leaf four to six inches broad, of a 
fleshy texture, obliquely broadly ovate or cordate, or almost ro- 
tundate, with an open or closed deep sinus, and obscurely sj- 
nuate-toothed margins, glabrous, or very slightly hairy, shining 
on both sides but most so below, deep-green above, the veins 
painted with broad black or ferruginous bands, paler beneath, 
painted red, and cuticle covered with minute pustules. Scape 

JULY 1st, 1861. 



slender, terete, very tall, bearing a profusely-branched cyme, with 
deep-red branches and pedicels. Flowers very numerous and 
rather small, pale-green or whitish : males smaller, with two, 
broadly ovate, blunt sepals, and six to eight stamens ; females 
with four, oblong sepals, and capitate stigmas. Large wing of 
fruit triangular, blunt. 



Fig. 1. Male; and 2. Female flowers: — both magnified. 



5W 










Tfoirent. Brooks,^ 



Tab. 5257. 

RESTREPIA Lansbergii. 

Lansbergs Bestrepia. 



Nat. Ord. OrchidejE. — Gynandria Monandria. 

Gen. Char. Sepala patentia, lateralia labello supposita majora, connata ; su- 
premum erectum. Petala filiformia, basi triangulari breviter connata. Labellum 
liberum, patens, basi biauriculatum v. bicorne. Columna ovario subincumbens, 
brevis, semiteres, apice alata. Anthera 1-locularis. Pollinia 2 (v. 4), ceracea, 
oblonga. — Herbse Americana tropica. Caules caspitosi monophylli. Flores ax- 
illares majusculi, solitarii v.fasciculati. 



Restrepia Lansbergii ; gracilis, acaulis, caule bipollicari, folio anguste oblongo 
utrinque obtusiusculo, spatba membranacea carinato-falcata, floribus soli- 
tariis v. fasciculatis, pedunculis folio brevioribus, sepalo petalisque supe- 
riore lanceo-setaceis apice incrassatis, inferiore oblongo apice bidentato, 
lateribus utrinque unisetosis, labello ligulato. 

Kestrepia Lansbergii. Rchh. fil. in Bonplandia, v. 2. p. 23; Xenia, p. 171. t. 
60. * 



A remarkable and beautiful little plant, first discovered in the 
Caraccas Mountains by Wagener. Our plants were received 
from Mr. Salwyn, who collected them in Guatemala. In this 
genus the lateral sepals and petals bear clavate tips, resembling, 
in some cases, the antennae of insects. 

Descr. A small tufted epiphyte, three to four inches high. 
Stems simple, covered with membranous sheaths, each bearing 
one leaf. Leaf linear-oblong, coriaceous, deep-green, blunt at 
both ends. Peduncles solitary or several, much shorter than the 
leaf. Flowers nodding, pale yellow, spotted with purple. Pos- 
terior sepal and petals all subulate, with clavate tips. Lower 
sepal oblong, bifid at the apex, bearing a subulate tooth on each 
side above the base. Column slender, thickened upwards. 



Fig. 1. Flower and leaf. 2. Posterior view of flower. 3. Anterior view of 
ditto. 4. Lip. 5. Column. 6. Pollen -.—all magnified. 



JULY 1st, 1861. 



J2S8: 







TJncent Brook 



Tab. 5258. 

LINDENIA rivalis. 

Riverside Lindenia. 



Nat. Ord. "RubiacejE. — Pentandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Lindenia, Benth. — Calytis tubus turbinatus, 5-costatus ; limbus 
quinquepartitus, laciniis angustis acutis. Corolla hypocrateriformis, tubo longis- 
simo tenui aequali ; limbo 5-partito, laciniis oblongis patentibus, sestivatione im- 
bricatis. Antherm 5, lineares, sessiles ad corollas sinus. Stylus filiformis, e basi 
glaber, apice incrassatus, brevissime bifidus, lobis intus stigmatiferis. Capsnla 
laciniis calycinis, coronata, bilocularis, placentis centralibus. Semina numerosis- 
sima, angulata. — Frutices Mexicani. Flora opposita, breviter petiolata, oblonga, 
ad apices ramorum confer ta. Stipulae utrinque solitaries, fusco-membranacea, acu- 
minata, in vaginam brevevi connate, decidua. Corymbus terminalis, condensatus, 
paucijtorus. Bractese lineares. Flores subsessiles, albi. — Benth. 



Lindenia rivalis ; corollas limbi laciniis obtusiusculis tubo 4-5-ies brevioribus. 
Benth. 

Lindenia rivalis. Benth. PI. Hartweg.p. 84. Hook. Ic. PL v. 6. t. 476. Lin- 
den, Hort. Lind. 



A very handsome Rubiaceous genus, established by Mr. 
Bentham in his ' Plantae Hartwegianae,' on specimens first, we 
believe, collected by Mr. Linden in Southern Mexico, on the 
banks of the Teapa (Herb, du Sud, n. 331), and by Mr. Hartweg 
on the banks of streams ; La Vera Paz, Guatemala, Hartweg, 
n. 581. It was first figured by us in the ' Icones Plantarum/ 
above quoted ; since by Mr. Linden in ' Hortus Lindenianus,' 
and in the ' Flore des Serres,' as above quoted. The author com- 
pares the genus to that of the Brazilian Augustea, but differing 
in the form of the corolla, of which the tube is long, slender, 
and straight, as in Tocoyena, without the inflated throat of Au- 
gustea ; the style is also perfectly smooth. 

It is a handsome evergreen shrub, with leaves clustered, as it 
were, at the apices of the branches, and an imperfect corymb of 
remarkably long tubular flowers, which are, in our stove at Kew, 
in perfection in May, and have the merit of continuing some 

JULY 1st, 1861. 



time in flower. A second species, L. acutifora, Hook., is figured 
in the ' Icones Plantarum,' 6475. 

Descr. Shrub, much branched, two to three feet high. Leaves 
opposite, shortly petioled, lanceolate, acuminate, two to three 
inches long, young pubescent, old glabrous. Stipules subulate, 
acuminate, connate into a short tube, deciduous. Corymb ter- 
minal, few-flowered. Bracts linear-oblong, exceeding the ovary. 
Flowers subsessile. Calyx-tube three to four lines long : segments 
linear. Corolla white, its tube five to five and a half lines long, 
slender, pubescent : limb an inch broad. 



Fig. 1. Calyx and pistil. 2. Calyx, with inferior ovary, with a segment of the 
calyx removed. 3. Transverse section of the ovary -.—all more or less magnified. 



5259 




WFm±t,d 



"VlrceriBro3s, lTn P 



Tab. 5259. 
LEPANTHES Calodictyon. 

Net-leaved Lepanthes. 



Nat. Ord. Orchidej:. — Gynandria Monandkia. 

Gen. Char. Sepala patula v. reflexa, sa3pius basi connata, rarius libera. Petala 
2, nana, forma varia, appendiculata v. inappendiculata. Labellum parvum, liberura 
v. columnse adnatum. Columna teretiuscula, nana v. elongata. PolUnia 2. — 
Herbse epiphyte, scepissime parvula. Caulis Jiliformis, rarius robustus, simplex, 
vaginatus. Folium unicum. Spicse v. racemi axillares. Flores minutissimi,flavi 
v. rubri. 



Lepanthes Calodictyon ; vaginis caulis campanulatis ore ciliato, folio late ovato- 
cordato apiculato sinuato-crenato pallide viridibus venis late brunneis 
areolato-reticulatis, sepalis liberis ovatis acuminatis, petalis supra sepala 
reflexis oblique reniformi-cordatis ciliatis utrinque basi appendice filiform i 
instructis. 

Stelis Calodictyon v. Calodictyon Andium. Spruce, MSS. 



A very singular and beautiful little plant, remarkable for the 
disposition of the colouring matter in the leaf, which is very pale 
watery-green in the areoles of the veins, the latter being covered 
with a broad brown band. In the form and arrangement of the 
sepals and petals, it differs totally from any known species of 
Lepanthes (in most of which the sepals are connate, and the lip 
reduced to a mere scale), but is so closely allied together in 
habit and essential characters, that it seems unadvisable to make 
a new genus of it. The plant was discovered by Mr. Spruce, 
and the specimens figured were imported by Mr. Crosse, and 
flowered by Mr. Osborne of Clapham Nursery. 

Descr. A small slender tufted plant. Stems two inches high, 
clothed with sheathing trumpet-shaped scales, each with an ex- 
panded ovate-acuminate ciliate mouth. Leaf broadly ovate, 
rather membranaceous, apiculate, undulate, with subsinuate mar- 
gins ; pale-green, reticulated with brown. Peduncles solitary 
or fascicled, shorter than the leaf, axillary, bearing a short raceme 
of minute flowers. Sepals free, green, ovate, acuminate, reflexed. 
Petals reniform.cordate, acute, ciliate, reflected on the petals, 
JULY 1st, 1861. 



furnished at the base on either side with a long, filiform, erect 
appendage, deep orange-red. Lip erect, spathulate, applied to 
the face of the column, entire. Pollen masses two, tapering to 
a small gland. 



Fig. 1. Stem, leaf, and inflorescence. 2 and 3. Lateral and front view of 
flower. 4. Anther-case. 5. Pollen: — all magnified. 



sm. 







Tab. 5260. 
PENTSTEMON spectabilis. 

Beautiful Pentstemon. 



Nat. Ord. Scrophtjlarine,e. — Didynamia Angiospermia. 
Gen. Char. {Fide supra, Tab. 4318.) 



Pentstemon specter's; glaberrimus, caule elato herbaceo, foliis oblongis ovato- 
lanceolatis rigide serrato-dentatis inferioribus sessilibus superioribus connato- 
amplexicaulibus floralibus orbiculatis v. late ovatis acuminatis, panicula 
ampla pyramidata, sepalis late ovatis acuminatis, corollas tubo basi angusto 
subito dilatato campanulato bilabiato, lobis rotundatis patentibus, stamini- 
bus glabris. 

Pentstemon spectabilis. Thurber in A. Gray, Bot. of Thurber's Expedition, 
ined. Torrey' & Report of Whipple's Exped. Bot. p. 63. 



A lovely Californian species, described by Dr. Torrey as one 
of the showiest known ; the crowded panicle of purple flowers 
often attaining two feet in length. It was discovered by Mr. 
William A. Wallace, who sent it to Dr. Torrey, and has also been 
gathered on San Francisco Mountain, in New Mexico, during 
Whipple's Expedition for laying down a railroad across the Rocky 
Mountains to the Pacific. The specimens figured were from 
plants introduced into this country by Messrs. Low, of Clapton, 
and flowered in May of the present year. 

Descr. Perennial, everywhere glabrous, and inclining to be 
glaucous, erect, two to three feet high. Lower leaves petioled, 
ovate, acute or acuminate, coarsely doubly toothed : upper ses- 
sile, and connate by their broad bases ; uppermost or floral leaves 
much smaller, very broadly ovate, or almost orbicular. Flowers 
in a tall, lax, branched, pyramidal panicle, about an inch long, 
with a campanulate tube and bilabiate spreading limb ; colour 
very delicate shades of blue-violet and pale red-purple. Calyx- 
lobes broadly ovate, acute. Stamens all perfectly glabrous. 



Fig. 1. Base of corolla and stamens. 2. Ovary: — both magnified. 
JULY 1st, 1861. 



Tab. 5261. 
DENDROBIUM Hillii. 

Mr. Bill's Bendrobium. 



Nat. Ord. Orchide.e. — Gynanduia Monandkia. 
Gen. Char. (Fide supra, Tab. 4352.) 



Dendrobitjm Hillii; caulibus valde elongatis articulatis, articulis 3-4-unciali- 
bus teretibus plurisulcatis, foliis 4-6 ellipticis vel oblongis crasso-coriacois 
atro-viridibus enerviis, racemo pendulo pedali et ultra 4 uncias lato, flori- 
bus numerosissimis sepalis e lata basi sensim subanguste attenuatis, petalis 
linearibus, labello oblongo transversim fusco-lineato, lobo medio orbiculari, 
disco subbicarinato. 



Many years ago, Mr. J. Smith assures me, living samples of 
this fine Bendrobium were sent from Moreton Bay to the Royal 
Gardens of Kew, with an opinion expressed that it might pos- 
sibly be the B. undidatum of Brown's Prodr. p. 332. I do not 
find that they ever flowered : but one thing is certain, that I 
possess in my herbarium a specimen of the true B. unddatum 
of Mr. Brown, with the correct name in Mr. Cunningham's 
handwriting ; and another specimen from Albany Island, from 
A. C. Gregory (see F. Mueller's Fragm. Phytogr. Austr. fasc. 4. 
p. 87); and also from Port Curtis, gathered by Mr. M'Gillivray 
during the voyage of the ' Rattlesnake' (1847) ; it is a very dif- 
ferent species from that now under consideration. The B. un- 
ddatum has, as its name would imply, singularly undulated petals 
and sepals of very lurid colours, and sharp segments to the lobes 
of the lip, and it is also a native of Java. Dr. Lindley has shown 
that his B. discolor, from the latter country, figured in Bot. 
Reg. for 1841, tab. 52, is identical with Mr. Brown's B. un- 
didatum. 

Our present plant must then be considered a new species; 

and as our living specimens were derived from the very zealous 

botanist and superintendent of the Botanic Garden at Moreton 

Bay, Mr. Walter Hill, we gladly dedicate it to him. Even with- 

august 1st, 1861. 



out the flowers, this plant, standing by the side of D. speciosum 
in our stove, may be at once recognized as distinct, by the 
greater length of the pseudobulbs or stems and of the leaves. 
Our flowering racemes are still more distinct, in the dense mass 
of flowers of D. Hillii on the very large and very drooping ra- 
cemes, and by the longer and more tapering sepals, together 
with the long, narrow, linear petals. 



, Yl f}' Ju Wer ' front view ' 2l Colun,n and ^P- 3. Front view of the lip. 
4 and 5. Pollen-masses :— all more or less magnified. 



,v 







"Vincent Bax*- 1 



Tab. 5262. 

gomphia oliv^eformis. 

Olive-fruited Gomphia. 



Nat. Ord. OchnacejE. — Pentandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx pentaphyllus, ssepissime coloratus ; foliolis imbricatis, deei- 
duis. Corolla petala 5, hypogyna, ssepissime obovata, unguiculata, patentia. 
Stamina 10, hypogyna, erecta, conniventia ; Jilamenta brevissima ; anlherce iu- 
trorsse, biloculares, basi affixse, subulato-tetragonae, transversim annulato-rugosa?, 
apice poris duobus dehiscentes. Ovarium columna centrali stylifera depressis- 
sima, qninque-sexpartitum, lobis gynophori obconici apice oblique insidentibus 
obovatis obtusissimis, ovulo unico e basi adscendente anatropo foetis ; stylo inter 
lobos centrali simplicissimo ; stigmate minimo. Bacca 5, v. abortu pauciores, 
gynophoro demum ampliato insidentes, uniloculares, monospermse. Semen erec- 
tum ; testa membranacea. Embryonis exalbuminosi orthotropi cotyledones car- 
nosae, plano-convexse ; radicula brevissima, infera. — Arbores, frutices, v. suf- 
•frutices in Asia et Africa, multo frequentius in America tropica crescentes ; foliis 
altemis, persistentibus, simplicibus, breve petiolatis, coriaceis, nitidis, ovalibns v. 
oblongis, subintegerrimis v. argute serratis ; stipulis axillaribus, geminis, nunc dis- 
tinctis, caducis, nunc in unicam, intrafoliaceam, persistentem coalitis ; paniculis 
aut racemis terminalibus v. interdum simul axillaribus, bracteatis ; floribus luteis; 
pedicellis angulatis, basi articulatis. Endl. 



Gomphia olivaformis ; foliis latis lanceolato-cllipticis acutuinatis obsolete serru- 
latis Imsi integerrimis, racemis (compositis subthyrsoideis) terminalibus, 
anthens leviusculis, gynobasi in fructu turbinata. St. Hil. 

Gomphia oliva3formis. Si. Hil. Fl. Bras. Merid. v. 1. p. 67. Walp. Reperl. 
Bot. v. I. p. 526. 

Gomphia decorans. Lemaire, Jard. Fleur. v. 4. t. 415. 



Gomplda is a very handsome tropical genus of shrubby or 
arborescent plants, with copious bright-yellow flowers, abundant 
in South America, very rare in collections in England, but of 
which an African representative, viz. Ochna atro-purpurea, has 
flowered at Kew, and is represented at our Tab. 4519. We 
owe the possession of the present species of Gomphia to Messrs. 
Henderson, of the Wellington Road Nursery. It is a native of 
Brazil, and produced its panicle of bright-yellow flowers in our 
stove in May of the present year, 1861. Mr. Henderson ap- 
pears to have received it from the Continent, under the name of 

AUGUST 1st, 1861. 



Gomphia decora**, Lemaire ; but it agrees in all particulars with 
G. ohcaformis, which name we do not hesitate to adopt. 

Descr. Shrubby. Our flowering specimen has not attained 
a height of more than three feet, but this is perhaps forced early 
into blossom by cultivation. In its native country it reaches to 
fifteen feet. Branches terete, green. Leaves alternate, glossy, 
three to five or six inches long, petiolate, elliptical-lanceolate, 
short-acuminate, penniveined, finely serrulate at the margin, 
bright-green, subcoriaceous ; petiole short, with a pair of subu- 
late, caducous, brown stipules. Panicle terminal, subthyrsoid, 
a span long, its branches subcorymbose. Flowers copious, bright 
yellow Calyx of five, oblong-lanceolate, obtuse, yellow sepals, 
scarcely tinged with green, even in the bud. Petals broad, obo- 
vato-spathulate, subunguiculate, spreading. Stamens five, sessile, 
broad subulate, orange-yellow, erect, connivent into a cone, 
opening at the apex by two pores. The five ovaries are elevated 
upon a fleshy column, and surround the base of a thickened, 
subulate, curved style; stigma a blunt point. 



Fig 1. Leaf from a lower part of the plant,— natural size. 2. Flower from 
which the petals are removed. 3. Single stamen -.—magnified. 4. Pistil and 
gynobase, — magnified. ^ J 




W Fit ■ 



Yixicent Brooks, Imp 



Tab. 5263. 

CALADIUM bicolor; var. Verschaffeltii. 

Two-coloured Caladium; Verschaffelt 's var. 



Nat. Ord. AhoidejE. — Mon(ecia Monandria. 
Gen. Char. (Fide supra, Tab. 5199.) 



Caladium bicolor ; foliis peltatis ovato-sagitatis, lobis profundis paululum diva- 
ricatis bicoloribus, spatha erecta basi subglobosa medio coarctata apice ovato- 
acuminata. 

Var. Verschaffeltii; foliis laste viridibus intense sanguineo-maculatis, maculis 
viridi-ocellatis. 

Caladium Verschaffeltii. Ch. Lem. in M. des Serres, ser. 2. v. Z.p. 103. 



This is another of the many striking new varieties of Caladium 
bicolor, which has been recommended for the further ornament- 
ing of our stoves, and which is certainly not among the least 
beautiful of the kind. Upon the deep green ground of the blade 
of the leaf, are numerous irregular blotches of a rich blood- or 
almost carmine colour, the largest of which are ocellated, that 
is, have little eye-like spots of green, as in the var. Neumannii, 
figured at our Tab. 5199, but there the deep-rose-coloured 
blotches are ocellated with white, and are moreover surrounded 
oy a white limbus. The several variously coloured Caladiums, 
now known to us, have a very striking effect, whether grouped 
in masses, or mixed off with other plants, especially Ferns, the 
gracefulness of whose forms contrast well with the large aroid 
foliage of those now under consideration. The present variety 
was received from M. Chantin, of Paris. 



Fig. Flowering spadix, removed from the spatha, — natural size. 



august 1st, 1861. 




Wfitah. ,: 



Vincent Brer.' 



Tab. 5264. 

CERINTHE RETORTA, 

Curve-Lowered Cerinthe. 



Nat. Ord. BoKAGiNEiE. — Pentandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx profunde 5-partitus, lobis plus minus inaequalibus, foliaceis. 
Corolla tubulosa, fauce nuda. Antherce hastatse, lobis basi divergentibus, atte- 
nuatis, subconnatis. Stigma obtusum. Nucula 2, ovatae, subosseae, biloculares, 
saepius dispermae aut abortu monospermy, basi imperforatae. Radicula supera. 
Cotyledones camosae, planiusculae. — Herbaa Europcecc, subglaucescentes. Folia ra- 
dicalia in peliolum attenuata, caulina cordato-amplexicaulia. Flores in racemos 
foliaceos subcymbosos dispositi,jiavi, sape purpureo-maculati. Be Cand. 



Cerinthe retorta ; glaucescens, foliis eciliatis, pedicellis calyce brevioribus, 
calycis lobis angustis subaequalibus, corollis clavato-cylindraceis apice sub- 
adscendentibus ad faucem constrictis, lobis apice acutis la^vibus, antheris 
filamento longioribus corollam adasquantibus. Be Cand. 

Cerinthe retorta. Sm. in Sibth. M. Graca, v. 2. p. 60. p. 171. Prodr. v. 1. 
p. 120. Reiclienb. Fl. n. 2326. Icon. Critic, v. 8./. 981. Be Cand. Prodr. 
v. 10. p. 4. 



Admirable as is the figure of this plant in the ' Flora Gra3ca,' 
it scarcely does justice to the colouring of it as cultivated in the 
open air at Kew. The young bracteas in our plant are more 
highly tinted, the corollas are more protruded, and show more of 
the yellow colour of the tube, and this is tipped with dark purple. 
The leaves are glaucous-green, and spotted like those of a Pul- 
monaria. It is a native of Caria, in the Peloponnesus, where it 
was found by Sibthorpe ; and in wooded places in Dalmatia ac- 
cording to Viviani. Lovers of hardy plants will do well to rear 
this in the open borders of their gardens. It is an annual, and 
may be increased by seeds, and should be planted in tufts. Our 
plant was raised from seeds sent to us by Mr. Thompson, of 
Ipswich. 

Descr. A herbaceous plant, one to one and a half or two feet 
high, glabrous, glaucous, branched, chiefly above ; branches terete, 
suberect. Lowest leaves obovato-spathulate petiolate, superior 
ones obovate and amplexicaul, the base having two rounded 
auricles ; in the branches which support the racemes of flowers 

AUGUST 1st, 1861. 



the leaves gradually pass into ovate or obovate imbricated brae- 
teas, of which the younger superior ones are purple, and these are 
crowded about the flowers. Racemes terminal, recurved (scor- 
pioid). The flowers, when perfect, are protruded beyond the 
bracteas. Calyx large, foliaceous, of five very unequal sepals, 
the outer one much the largest and bracteiform, ciliato-serrate. 
Corolla tubular-clavate, curved downwards above the middle, 
then ascending, inflated below the contracted mouth, lemon-yel- 
low, the apex deep-purple, the limb small, of five spreading teeth. 
Stamens included. Ovary of four lobes. Style filiform, shorter 
than the corolla. Stigma capitate. 



Fig. 1. Mower. 2. Calyx and pistil. 3. Pistil -.—magnified. 



5265. 




"Vincent Brc 



Tab. 5265. 
CHYSIS a urea ; var. Lemminghei. 

Golden-flowered Chysis ; var. Lemminghei. 



Nat. Ord. Orchidea:. — Gynandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 5186.) 



Chysis aurea ; bracteis parvis concavis ovario brevioribus, sepalis petalisque 
oyatis obtusis, labelli Iobis lateralibus obtusis, intermedio majore carnoso 
bilobo, hypochilio plicato, lamellis 5 carnosis subaequalibus parallelis basi 
pubescentibus et utrinque aliis minoribus (potius venis elevatis), columna 
latissima carnosa cymbiformi antice pubescente. Lindl. 

Chysis aurea. Lindl. Bot. Reg. t. 1937. Hook. Bot. Mag. t. 3617. 

/J. maculata ; sepalorum petalorumque parte superiore aureo-fusco tincta, labelli 
lobo medio purpureo-maculata. 

Chysis aurea /?. Hook. Bot. Mag. t. 4576. 

y. Lemminghei; floribus albis purpureo tinctis, labello flavo intense purpureo- 

maculato striatoque. (Tab. Nostr. 5265.) 
Chysis Lemminghei. Linden, Cat. 



Slight modifications of form and colour in plants are too 
often considered characteristics of specific differences; in none 
more so than among the Orchideous family. We know not if 
our present variety has been anywhere figured and described ; 
but it passes as a Chysis from Central America, distributed 
under the name of C. Lemminghei (in compliment, we believe, 
to Count Lemminghe) : and certainly, if colour of flower were 
alone the point to be considered, this might well be supposed 
different from one whose colours suggested the specific name of 
Chysis aurea, given to the plant figured by Dr. Lindley, Bot. 
Reg. t. J 937, where the purple colour is confined to a few re- 
mote streaks on the inside of the pale-coloured labellum. Our 
C. aurea (Bot. Mag. t. 3617) has the purple streaks nearly ob- 
solete. Our C. aurea, var. maculata (see our Tab. 4576), has 
more distinct purple streaks than those previously figured, and 
a deep-tawny blotch occupying the upper half of the sepals and 
AUGUST 1st, 1861. 



petals. C. Lemminghei of Linden, here figured, with a structure 
of flowers, pseudobulbs, and foliage, identical with the others, 
has a nearly white or cream-coloured flower; anything of a 
golden colour is confined to the lip : but there are purple or 
lilac blotches on the sepals and petals, and very deep and co- 
pious purple streaks and spots in the inside of the labellura. 
Thus I am compelled to consider all varieties of one and the 
same species, C. aurea, Lindl. Our plants were derived from 
Mr. Schiller, of Hamburg. 



Fig. 1. Column and anther. 2. Labellura: — magnified. 



5W 




Vincent Brooks,, tap. 



Tab. 5266. 

ARNEBIA Griffithii. 

Griffith's Amelia. 



Nat. Ord. BoraginejE. — Pentandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx fere 5-partitus, basi post anthesin subcampanulatus. Co- 
rolla tubo elongato, infundibuliformis, fauce nuda, lobis subrotundis. Antlterce 
tubo insertse, inclusse. Stylus apice bifidus et stigmata ideo 2 subrotunda ssepius 
subbifida et in roassam subglobosam 4-lobam aggregata. Nucules ovatse, basi 
truncatae, imperforatse. — Herbae orientates, habitu Lithospermorum, sed stigmate 
dicephalo nunc 4-lobo distincta. Be Cand. 



Arnebia Griffithii ; annua, radice verticale fusca, caulibus 1 pluribusve pumilis 
erectis simplicibus vel parce ramosis longe et dense albo-setosis strigosis, 
foliis oblongo-lanceolatis obtusis basi (radicalibus) longe attenuatis utrinque 
setis brevibus tuberculo lato calcareo insidentibus birsutis, floralibus anguste 
lanceolato-linearibus calyces sequantibus, spicis secundis densiusculis, calyce 
adpresse setoso fere ad basin usque in lacinias apice lineari-subulatas par- 
tito, corolla? flavae tubo extus hirto calyce duplo longiori apice sensim in 
limbum hypocrateriformem arapliato, limbi lobis ovatis, antheris fauci obso- 
lete plicatulae insertis, stylo apice bipartito stigmatibus capitatis, nuculis . . . 



Arnebia Griffithii. Boiss. Diagnos. Plant. Orient. Nov. Ser. 2. n. 2. p. 135. 



In 1860, General Perronet Thompson, of Eliot Vale, Black- 
heath, was so good as to send to me seeds of a remarkable Bo- 
ragineous plant, from his son Lieut.-Colonel Thompson, com- 
manding the 7th Dragoon Guards at Seealkote ; obtained from 
the Murree Hills, North-western India. The flowers of the 
plant sent with the seeds were evidently those of a Boragineous 
plant, of a rich orange or tawny-yellow, remarkable for five deep 
purple spots, " understood to be the impression of the five fingers 
of the prophet Mahomet." Some of these seeds eventually ger- 
minated, and the plant proved to be a species of Arnebia, first 
discovered in Cabul by the late Mr. Griffith, and lately described, 
from specimens in our herbarium, by M. Boissier, in the work 
above quoted. The genus Arnebia is closely allied to Litko- 

SEPTEMBER IsT, 1861. 



spermum, differing chiefly in the nature of the stigmas. A species 
closely allied to this, we may remark, Arnebia echioides, De Cand., 
has been figured by us at our Tab. 4409, a native of the Caucasian 
and Armenian Alps. Our present plant, however, has narrower 
leaves, smaller flowers, of a more decidedly yellow colour, a dif- 
ferently shaped calyx, and a longer corolla. The five spots, 
above mentioned, upon the corollas, become less distinct as the 
flowering season advances, and eventually disappear. We ob- 
serve in the flowers the stamens are placed sometimes near 
the middle of the tube, and then the style is elongated ; some- 
times near the faux of the tube, and then the style is short, and 
the pistil appears abortive. 



Fig. 1, 2. Flowers. 3. Flower, with the stamens near the middle of the 
tube. 4. Tube of another corolla, with the stamens inserted near the faux : — 
magnified. 



.5261 







■ 



Tab. 5267. 
ARISiEMA PRECOX. 

Early-flowering Ariscema. 



Nat. Ord. AroidejE. — Moncecia Monandria. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4388.) 



Aris^ma prcecox ; foliis binis trifoliolatis, foliolis ovatis sessilibus longe subu- 
lato-cuspidatis, spatha extus brunneo- et albo-striata galeato-fornicata, fauce 
anguste dilatata, galea cucullata in lobum late ovatum verticaliter descen- 
dentem cnspidulo subulato reassurgente auctum producta, spadice inclusa, 
appendice subcylindrica stipitata. 

Aris^ma praecox. He Vriese. C. Koch, Berl. Gart. Zeit. 1857, p. 85. Scholt, 
Prod. Syst. Aroid. p. 32. 



This pretty plant was sent to the Royal Gardens by Professor 
Miquel of Utrecht. It is a native of Japan, in the Gotto Archi- 
pelago, and is perhaps only a variety of 8. ringens, Schott {A. 
Sieboldii, De Vriese), under which name indeed we received it- 
It is also nearly allied to the North American Ariscema atro- 
rubens, Bl. {Arum triphyllum, Linn.), figured at Tab. 950 of 
this Magazine. It appears to be easily cultivated, and flowers 
readily in spring, if then removed from a cool pit to the stove. 

Descr. Root rather tuberous, with thick, fleshy fibres. Leaves 
two, springing from the root ; petiole terete, with membranous 
stipules. Leaflets three, ovato-oblong, acuminate, and produced 
into a filiform point. Nerves numerous, arcuate. Peduncle 
short. Spathe erect, and cylindrical below ; then arching sud- 
denly over, and again contracting into a rather small orifice, 
with broad, membranous, reflexed margins ; cylindrical portion 
and hood above streaked with green and white bands ; the ori- 
fice and lips deep purple ; apex acuminate and shortly caudate. 
Spadix erect ; antheriferous portion short, with pedicelled, four- 

SEPTEMBER 1ST, 1861. 



lobed, purple anthers; upper portion cylindric, blunt, shortly 
stipitate, lobed at its base, pale yellow-green. 



Fig. 1. Vertical section of the spatha, showing the entire spadix. 2. Spa- 
dix removed from the spatha: — nat. size. 3, 4. Vertical and side views of the 
anther, — magnified. 



sm. 




V Fitch, 4 



Vincent 



Tab. 5268. 
spigelia splendens. 

Brilliant Spigelia. 



Nat. Ord. Loganiace,e. — Pentandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx 5-partitus, persistens. Corolla hypogyna, infundibuliformis, 
lirabi 5-fidi laciniis zestivatione valvatis. Stamina 5, medio v. sumrao corollse tubo 
inserta, inclusa v. rarius exserta. Ovarium 2-loculare ; ovulis in placentis basilari- 
bus stipitatis plurima ; stylo terminali infra stigma snbcapitatum v. concavum ar- 
ticulato. Capsula didyma, dicocca, basi circumscissa, coccis bivalvibus. Semina 
panca, cuneata. Embryo albuminosus, minimus. — Herbse, v. suffrutices, Ameri- 
cana?.^ Folia opposita, petiolis basi connatis. Flores terminates spicati, secundi. 



Spigelia splendens, herbacea, basi frutesceus pubescente-pilosa, ramis tereti- 
usculis, foliis amplis obovato-oblongis acuminatis in petiolum attenuates 
lsete viridibus, pedunculis validis, spica multiflora, floribus magnis, sepalis 
subulatis, corolla elongata coccinea, antheris exsertis. 

Spigelia splendens. Hort. Wendland. 



Of this beautiful plant we can find no. published description, 
and we are unaware from what country it was procured. In the 
foliage it resembles the S. speciosa of Mexico, and in the flowers 
8. pedunculata of the Andes of Quindiu. Nothing can exceed 
the deep rich red colour of the spike, which renders it a most 
conspicuous and desirable addition to our stove plants. 

Descr. A perennial herb, with the stem woody below. Our 
plant flowered when about one foot high. Stems nearly terete 
covered with loose spreading hairs. Leaves four to five inches 
long, contracted into a short petiole, obovate-oblong, acuminate, 
dark-green with prominent veins, slightly hairy. Spikes several 
towards the apex of the stem, stout, erect, each bearing an ele- 
gantly recurved spike of numerous two-ranked, closely set, bright 
scarlet flowers, upwards of one inch long. Calt/w small, with su- 
bulate teeth. Corolla cylindric, slightly inflated upwards : limb 

SEPTEMBER 1ST, 1861. 



short, patent. Stamens small ; anthers only exserted. Ovary glo- 
bose, Style slender, jointed below the middle, above which the 
stigmatic portion is longer than the lower. Stigma two-lobed. 



Pig. 1. Mower. 2. Corolla laid open. 3. Pistil. 4. Transverse section 
of ovary : — all magnified. 



5269. 







Tab. 5269. 
HOYA Shepherdi. 

Mr. Shepherd's Hoya. 



Nat. Orel. AsclepiadEjE. — Pentandria Digynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 5148.) 



Hoya Shepherdi; scandens, caule tereti papilloso, foliis 6-uncialibus linearibus 
v. lineari-lanceolatis deflexis crasso-carnosis supra atro-viridibus canali- 
culatis subtus pallidioribus seraiteretibus aveniis ad petiolum geniculars, 
petiolis brevibus teretibus, pedunculis subaxillaribus clavatis, umbellis plu- 
rifloris albo-roseis, pedicellis clavatis, calycis lobis brevibus triangulari- 
bus, corolla? lobis prsecipue ad marginera villosis, coronas foliolis erecto- 
patentibus. 



We owe the possession of this remarkable species of Hoya 
to Mr. Short, who communicated it under the MS. name of 
H. Shepherdi to the Royal Gardens, where it flowered in June, 
1861; but we are unable to find any described species with 
which it satisfactorily accords, though copious specimens exist 
in our herbarium, gathered by Drs. Hooker and Thomson in 
Sikkim-Himalaya, at elevations of 3000 to 4000 feet, and in 
Khasya. In some respects it agrees with the Hoya longifolia of 
Wallich, in Wight and Arnott's Contrib. p. 36, and of Decaisne, 
in De Candolle, Prodr. v. 8, p. 637 ; but the shape of the foliage 
and the large size of the flowers are quite at variance with our 
plant, the corona of which is much more erect. The flowers 
are small, and bear no very distant resemblance to those of 
Hoya Bella, figured at our Tab. 4402 ; but the leaves consti- 
tute its chief distinguishing character : they are as it were ge- 
niculated at the apex of the rather short, terete petiole, or bent 
down suddenly at an angle, and thus become pendent : they 
are from two to (mostly) six inches long, not more than four 
lines wide, shortly acuminated at the apex, very dark on the 
upper side, and there canaliculate for their whole length, paler. 

SEPTEMBER 1ST, 1861. 



and seiniterete beneath. The umbel of flowers is about two 
inches in diameter, and the corollas of a delicate white and rose 
colour. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Calyx aiid ovaries. 3. Ovaries, and the staminal 
crown : — more or less magnified. 



5270 







Tab. 5270. 

BILLBERGIA bivittata. 

Bibbanded Billbergia. 



Nat. Ord. BeOMELIACEjE. — Hexandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Perigonii superi sexpartiti lacinia exteriores calycinse, aequales, 
ecarinatae, erectse vel spiraliter convolutae, aristatae vel muticse, apice hint* ob- 
lique dilatatae, interiores petaloidese, exterioribus multo longiores, apice patentes 
v. erectae, intus basi squamosa? v. biaristatae, rarius nudae. Stamina 6, epigyna ; 
Jilamenta filiforraia, tria plerumque perigonii laciniis interioribus adnata ; antheree 
ovatae, dorso affix ae, incumbentes v. suberectae. Ovarium inferum, triloculare. 
Ovula plurima, e loculorum angulo centrali pendula, anatropa. Stylus filiformis ; 
stigmata 3, petaloidea, convoluta v. linearia, crispa. Bacca subglobosa, trilo- 
cularis. Semina plura, nuda vel ad umbilicum filo gracili appendiculata. — Herbae 
Americana tropica^ smpius super arborum truncis pseudo-parasiticce, exscapa 
vel scapigerce ; foliis ligulatis, linearibus vel ensi/ormibus, ut plurimum spinuloso- 
serrulatis; floribus spicatis, paniculatis vel racemoso-paniculatis ; spathis floralibus 
nunc tnagnis, nunc parvis vel amplis, coloratis. Endl. 



Billbergia bivittata; acaulis, foliis coriaceis firmis lanceolatis acuminatis- 
siruis argute serratis undulatis fusco-viridibus lineis duabus albo-vittatis, 
spica inter folia sessili, floribus albis, petalis calycinis imbricatis mucronatis. 
corollinis spathulatis. 

Billbergia vittata. Linden Cat. 



This pretty plant came to us under the name of Billbergia 
vittata, from Linden, in 1859. It is certainly not the plant of 
that name described by Beer in his review of the Order, nor is 
it the B. Moreliana vera of Lemaire's ' Jardin Fleuriste,' and 
Paxton's • Flower Garden/ both of which Beer quotes under 
vittata. It is evidently a near ally of Tillandsia acaulis, Lindl. 
(Bot. Reg. t. 1157); but as the calyx is distinctly superior, it 
cannot be referred to that genus as characterized in Endlicher. 
Probably it should be referred to Beer's genus Chryptanthus, of 
which no generic characters have been published by that author. 
It is, no doubt, a native of South America, but we are not 
aware of its exact country. 

Descr. Plant almost stemless. Leaves closely set just above 

SEPTEMBER 1ST, 1861. 



the root, spreading, recurved, about a span long, and one to 
one and a half inch broad, rather undulate, acutely toothed at 
the margin, under surface dull brown, upper green, with two 
broad, buff, longitudinal bands, which pass into dull red at the 
base of the leaf. Flowers collected into a short dense spike, 
winch is wholly sunk amongst the leaves, white. Bract oblong, 
lanceolate, acute. Perianth superior. Calyx of three cuneate 
segments, each obliquely expanded, and mucronate at the apex. 
Corolla of three, white, spreading, spathulate lobes. Stamens 
six, three attached to the petals, short, with sterile (?) anthers 
in the pistillate flowers. Pistil absent in some flowers ; where 
present filiform, expanding into three patent lobes. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Petal and stamen. 3. Pistil: — magnified. 



■ k'7, 




Vincent Brcx- 



Tab. 5271. 

CRASPEDIA Richea. 

Glaucous-leaved Craspedia. 



Nat. Ord. Composite. — Syngenesia JEqualis. 

Gen. Char. Capitula 5-flora, homogama, in glomerulum subrotundum bracteis 
sub quoque capitulo sitis cinctum aggregata, rachidi cylindracea lanata insidentia, 
substipitata. Receptaculum angustum, margine paleis hyalinis integris ouustum. 
Corolla tubulosse, late 5-dentatae. Antherce basi setiferse. Stigmata inclusa. 
Achenium oblongum, villosum. Pappus 1-serialis, setis filiformibus, plumosis. — 
Herbse Amtralaxica, perennes. Folia in parte caulis inferiore conferta, alterna, 
lanceolato-Unearia, integerrhna. Caulis erectus, subnudus, apice l-cepltalus. Flores 
stilphurei. Be Cand. 



Craspedia Richea ; foliis lanceolato-linearibus vel lanceolatis, radicalibus basi 

attenuatis pedicellatis, caulinis sessilibus, cauleque glomerulo solitario ter- 

minato pilosis v. glabratis. 
Craspedia Kichea. Cassini, Bid. v. 2. p. 353. Be Cand, Prodr. v. &.p. 152. 

Lehm. PI. Preiss. v. l.p. 443. 
Kichea glauca. Labill. Voy. Lapeyr. v. l.p. 187. 1. 16, et Nov. Roll. v. 2. p. 123. 
Craspedia glauca. Lindl. Bot. Reg. t. 1908. Spreng. Sgst. Veget. v. 3. p. 411. 
Craspedia pilosa. Benth. in Endl. Enum. PI. Hugel. p. 62. n. 205. Spreng. 

Syst. Veget. v. 3. p. 441. 
Podosperma pedunculare, Reichenb. in Sieb. Coll. Nov. Soil. n. 184. 



This is one of the many remarkable genera of Composite 
peculiar to Australia. It is by no means unornamental, and 
much more worthy of cultivation than the Craspedia macro- 
cephala which we figured at our Tab. 3415. Here the large and 
globose heads are yellow instead of white. It seems to have an 
extensive geographical range, for it inhabits Van Diemen's Land 
and South-eastern Australia, and probably extends along the 
south coast to Swan River, where it is recorded as a native in 
Preiss's 'Swan River Plants/ It is a hardy annual, and we 
are indebted for seeds of it to Mr. Thompson, of Ipswich. It 
flowers in June. 

Descr. The general aspect of the herbage is that of a Ona- 
phalium, and it is clothed with soft white hairs, though said to 

SEPTEMBER 1st, 1861. 



be sometimes glabrous. Stems a foot or more high, angular, 
erect. Lower and radical leaves spathulato-lanceolate, tapering 
below into a moderately long petiole : those higher up become 
gradually smaller and sessile, and often sphacelate at the apex. 
The head of flowers is an inch and a half broad, terminal, soli- 
tary, globose, of a fine yellow colour, involucrate at the base. 
Involucre of several green foliaceous leaves, reflexed and sphace- 
late at the apex. This head or capitulum is compound, that is, 
made up of a number of lesser heads or capitula, which are pe- 
dicellate and also involucellate ; involucellum of four to five oval 
or obovate leaflets, and there is also a bractea at its base. 
Florets all tubular and bracteolate. Ovary cylindrical, silky, 
crowned with a hairy pappus, of which each hair is plumose. 
The style is a little exserted and the branches with the stigmas 
entirely so : the base of the style is considerably thickened. 



Pig. 1. One of the lesser heads which compose the large capitulum. 2. Brac- 
teole and single floret with its plumose pappus. 3. Plumose hair. 4. Style and 
stigmas. 5. Branches of the style ; — all more or less magnified. 



->.';.' 




^ 






: 



Tab. 5272. 

HOYA (Otostemma) lacunosa, var. pallidiflora. 
Furrowed Hoya, pale-flowered var. 



Nat. Orel. ASCLEPIAPE/E.— Pentandria Digynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx brevis, pentaphyllus. Corolla rotata, plus minusve alte 5- 
fida, laciniis planis vel reflexis, cestivatione valvata. Corona staminea 5-pbylla ; 
foliolis depressis, patentibus v. plus minusve gynostegio verticaliter adnatis, car- 
nosis, angulo interiore in dentem antherse incurnbentem producto. Gynostegium 
breve. Anthera membrana terminate. Massat pollinis basi affixse, oblongae, 
compressa3, conniventes, ssepius margine pellucidse. Stigma muticum, cum pa- 
pilla media obtusa v. subapiculatum. Folliculi lseves v. appendiculis instructi, 
subpolypteri. Semina corhosa.— Frutices vel suffrutices Indici vel Moluccam, 
rarissime Africani, volubiles, scandentes aut decumbentes ; foliis carnosis vel co- 
riaceis vel membranaceis; floribus umbellatis; umbellis extra-axillaribus, seepms 
multifloris. Decne. 



Hoya {Otostemma) lacunosa; seandens radicans, foliis mediocnbus carnoso-co- 
riaceis ellipticis basi apiceque acuminatis petiolatis obscure penmnerviis 
nervis immersis, pedunculis solitariis iuterpetiolaribus, umbellis multinons 
planis, laciniis calycinis marginibus carinaque denticulatis, corollse rotatee 
carnoste velutino-villosai lobis triangulares demum reflexis, corona? sta- 
minese foliolis navicularibus cnucavis. 

Hoya lacunosa, Blume, By dr. p. 1063. Decne. in Be Cand. Prodr. v. 8. p. 638. 
Blume, Rumphia, v. 4. t. 184./. 2. Hook. But. Mag. t. 4826. 

Otostemma lacunosum, Blume, Rumphia, I.e. p. 30. Mus. Bot. Lugd. Bat. 
v. \.p. 59./. 11. Walp. Annal. Bot. Syst. v. 3. p. 65. 

j3. pallidiflora; foliis enervibus, floribus decoloratis. (Tab. Nostr. 5972.) 



A native of Java, and notwithstanding the obsolete nerva- 
tion of the leaves (which latter are broader than usual at their 
base), and the almost colourless flowers, cannot otherwise 
be distinguished from the Hoya lacunosa of Blume, and our 
Tab. 482(5, to which we refer for a more full description. In- 
deed, had it not been that the figure was engraved, and the 
plates coloured, before the close similarity was detected, we 

OCTOBER 1ST, 1861. 



should hardly have deemed the present variety worthy of having 
a place in this work, while our gardens abound so much in plants 
of greater interest. 



Fig. 1, Inferior view of a flower. 2. Superior ditto -.—magnified. 



52TS 




fecervtBroofeln* 



Tab. 5273. 

MUTISIA DECURRENS. 

Decurrent-leaved Mutisia, 



Nat. Ord. Composite : Mutisiej;. — Syngenesia Superflua. 

Gen. Char. Capitulum heterogamum, insequaliflorum, falso radiatum. Invo- 
lucrum pluriseriale ; squamis integerrimis, planis, imbricatis, exterioribus brevi- 
oribus. Receptaculum nudum. Fl. disci hermaphroditi, radii fceminei. Corolla 
bilabiate tubo 5-10-15-nervio, in disco subtubulosse, fauce a tubo non dis- 
tincta; limbi labio ext. 3-dent., inter, bipartito lobis linearibus; radii labio 
exteriore amplo, ligulaBformi, apice 3-dentato ; interiore bipartito lobis lineari- 
bus, interdum deficiente. Anthera? in fl. radii nullse, in fl. disci exsertae, lon- 
gissime caudatse; filamenta papillosa, mfl. radii aut antheris orbatse aut nullse. 
Stylus cylindraceus, basi tumidus, glaber, breviter 2-fidus. Achenium rostratum, 
costatum, glabrum, longum. Pappus biserialis, plumosus, longus, sequalis, pa- 
leis basi confer™ minatis et ideo una caducis. — Frutices, stepius scandentes, 
Austr.-Americani. Folia alterua, pinnatisecta aut indivisa ; petiolo cotnmuni aut 
nervo medio in cirrhum sespius apice producto. Capitula solitaria, pedunculata. 
Flores purpura, rosei, aut flavi. — Numerus nervorum corollarum variat, nempe 
quintus ubi de more ordinis nervuli marginales nervorum concreti, decimus ubi 
nervuli marginales distincti, quindecimus ubi prseter nervulos marginales dis- 
tinctos adsunt nervuli mediani. De Cand. 



Mutisia decurrens; caule scandente subangulato foliorum decurrentus sub- 
alato, foliis sessilibus utroque margine decurrentibus lauceolato-lineanbus 
planis integris integerrimisque, inferioribus ad basin paucidentatis, nervo 
in cirrhum bifidum producto, involucri subcylindracei squamis ovatis inap- 
pendiculatis appressis acutis infimis patentibus. 

Mutisia decurrens, Cav. Ic. v. 5. p. 65. t. 467. Be Cand. Prodr. v.l.p.6. 
Gay, Fl. Chil. v. 3. p. 263. 

Mutisia heliantha. Pcepp. Exsicc. 2840 {fide De Candolle). 



The genus Mtdisia is exclusively of South American origin, and 
consists of some forty species, remarkable for the peculiar habit, 
generally scaudent, with cirrhose leaves, and for the great size 
and rich colouring of the flowers ; of which eleven kinds inhabit 
Peru, Ecuador, and Brazil, and these are distinguished by their 
pinnated and Vetch-like leaves : the rest appear to be almost 

OCTOBER 1ST, 1861. 



exclusively inhabitants of the Chilian Andes, and these have 
simple or undivided leaves, of a harsh and rigid texture, still fur- 
nished with their peculiar tendrils at the extremity. We have 
long ago (Hook. Bot. Miscellany, v. 1. p. 7) called attention to 
the desirableness of introducing many of these to our gardens. 
One Brazilian species of the pinnated-leaved section was intro- 
duced to Kew Gardens so long ago as 1827, and was the first 
plate given in the Second Series of our ' Botanical Magazine,' in 
1827 (Tab. 2705); but that one is perhaps the least ornamental 
of them all. The Mutisia grandijiora of Humb. et Bonpl. PI. 
/Equinoct. t. 50, has capitula six inches long and five inches 
broad ! Of the second section, from Chili, with simple leaves, 
a curious, rather than handsome species, was in cultivation in 
England, M. latifolia, Don, figured in Sweet's Brit. El. Gard. 
v. 3. t. 2S8 ; but it has, as far as we know, ever since been 
lost to our gardens. We wish it may be permanently re- 
placed by the present truly splendid species, of which we have 
received flowering specimens from Messrs. Veitch and Sons, of 
the Exeter and Chelsea Nurseries, in July of the present year, 
1861. This plant has stood the last severe winter unharmed in 
the open air at Exeter, without shelter. It is a native of the 
Andes of Chilian (Mr. Pearce, who forwarded plants to the 
Messrs. Veitch), and of the Cordillera of Antuco {Pmppig) ; and 
is assuredly, if not the largest, the handsomest-flowered species 
of the whole genus. It is to be feared that the fruticose plants 
of the high and dry Andes of Chili are difficult of cultivation, 
and require a very peculiar treatment. 

Descr. Climbing to the height of a few feet, with slightly 
branched stems. Leaves remote, alternate, oblong-lanceolate, 
acuminate, quite entire, of a harsh and rigid texture, dark-green 
above, pale and glaucous beneath, costate, distantly and rather 
obscurely penniveined, veins horizontal, forked at the apex, and 
there anastomosing with the adjacent ones ; the apex is termi- 
nated with a bifid tendril, the bases of the leaves are much and 
gradually decurrent, so as to form wings on the stem and 
branches. Flower (or rather capitulum) very large, solitary, 
four and a half inches in the spread of the ray, which is of a 
brilliant •orange-colour. The involucre very large, subcylindri- 
cal, broader at the base, where the scales are lax ; the rest of 
them (all being ovate) are appressed, inappendiculate, blue- 
green, tinged with purple. 



Fig. 1 Floret of the ray -, —natural size. 2. Hair from the pappus,-— magni- 
fied. 3. Floret of. the disk,— natural she. i. Hair from the ray,— magnified. 
5. Stigma, — magnified. 



xi.' t . 




WPitj&.deL-efclith 



.iLBreokSvImp. 



Tab. 5274. 
salvia cacali^efolia. 

Cacalia-leaved Sage. 



Nat. Ord. Labiat.e. — Diandria Monogynia. 

Gen. CJiar. Calyx ovatus, tubulosus v. campanulatus, bilabiatus ; labio supe- 
riore integro v. trideutato, inferiore bifido, fauce intus nuda. Corollas tubo in- 
cluso vel exserto, scquali, ventricoso vel ampliato, intus nunc piloso-annulato, 
nunc nudo vel basin in latere inferiore processubus vel dentibus 2 instructo ; 
limbo bilabiato ; labio superiore erecto v. rarius patente, breviore v. longiore, 
lobis lateralibus oblongis vel rotundatis, patentibus, reflexis vel contorto-erectis, 
medio plerumque latiore, integro v. emarginato. Staminum superiorura rudi- 
menta nulla, vel parva, claviformia; fertilia (inferiora) 2, prope faucem tubi 
inserta; filamenta brevia, subhorizontalia vel rarius erecta, apice cum anthera 
articulata et supra articulationem plerumque breviter producta, rarissime sub- 
continua. Anther ce dimidiatae. Connect'wa elongata, linearia, transverse cum 
filamento articulata, postice sub labio superiore corollre adscendentia et apice 
loculum fertilem linearem adnatum vel versatilem ferentia, antice deflexa vel 
erecta, nunc loculum alterum subconformem minorem polliniferum vel dirFormem 
cassum gerentia, nunc dilatata vel rarius brevissima, acuta, libera vel saepius 
variis nodis inter se connexa v. connata. Ovarii discus autice turaens, in glan- 
dulam lobis subsequalem. Stylus adscendens, apice bifidus, lobis nunc subulatis, 
sequalibus, vel superiore longiore, nunc inferiore vel utroque rotundato dilatato 
complanato. Nuculce ovoideo-triquetraa, siccse, glabrae, plerumque lsevissimse.^ — • 
Genus vastum,fere in omnibus regionibus terra obvhim, habitu et inflorescentia mag- 
nopere varium, semper antkerarum structura agnoscendum. Benth. in De Cand. 



Salvia (§ Calosphace) cacalia>folia ; caule herbaceo erecto pubescente, foliis pe- 
tiolatis latis deltoideis basi angulatis late subhastato-cordatis crassiusculis 
supra pubescentibus subtus molliter villosulis rufescentibus v. albidis, flo- 
. ralibus parvis, racemis raniosis, verticillastris bifloris, calycis campanulati 
pilosuli dentibus aristato-acuminatis, superiore integro vel tricuspidato, co- 
rolla pubescente calyce pluries longiore, tubo latissimo, stylo glabro. Benth. 

Salvia cacalisefolia. Benth. in Be Cand. Prodr. v. 12. p. 348. 



The present handsome Sage is one of 407 species described 
by Mr. Bentham in the twelfth volume of De Candolle's Pro- 
dromus, and belongs to his section Calosphace, which of itself 
includes 144 species that cannot, the author observes, be sub- 
divided into series with any very definite characters. In the 

OCTOBER 1ST, 1861. 



same group with the present is the well-known Salvia patens of 
our gardens, near which the present finds its place ; nearer still, 
it approaches the 8. vitifolia, Benth., but is distinguished from 
it by the more entire and generally acuminated leaves, by the 
shorter appressed pubescence on their upper, soft on the under, 
surface. The calyces, too, are larger. It is a native of Chiapas, 
one of the Mexican States, where it grows in pine-forests, and 
is therefore probably hardy ; and it may perhaps be suited for 
bedding-out plants, where deep-blue flowers are in much re- 
quest. Imported into Europe by Mr. Linden, to whom we owe 
our living plants at Kew. 



Fig. 1. Side view of a flower. 2. Calyx and pistil. 3. Inner base of the 
corolla, laid open, showing the stamens. 4. Ovary, and swollen glandular disk : — 
all magnified. 



5275. 







-iT00k3,lTU 



Tab. 5275. 
GONATANTHUS sarmentosus. 

Sarmeniose Gonatanthus. 



Nat. Ord. Aroide^e. — Moncecta Polyandria. 

Gen. CJiar. Spaiha tubus brevissimus, persistens, apice contractus, et lamina? 
pars subsequens ventricosa quoque apice constricta, geniculatim cum reliqua la- 
mina elongato-lanceolata hiante confluentes. Spadix exappendiculatus, brevis, 
ad spathse geniculum tantum productus, inferne in tube- proprio spathse ovariis 
obsitus, superne in lamina? ima ventricosa dense synantheris tectus, parte media 
subnudus vel synandrodiis depressissimus omatus. Ovaria astyla, placenta fun- 
difixa pluriovulata, ovulis in funiculo longulo decurvo erectis. Stigma depresse 
hemisphsericum. Synandria longe stipitata, loculis vertice aperientibus. Baccte 
tubo spathse a basi discedente et lateraliter aperiente primum obvallatap, lutea?, 
diu sistentes. Semina orthotropa, longe funiculata, conico-ovoidea, epidermide 
succulenta crassa lutea obducta. Testa ferruginea, verruculosa. Schott. 



Gonatanthus sarmentosus. 

Gonatanthus sarmentosus. Link, Kl. et Otto, Ic. Plant. Ear. Bert. p. 33. 1. 14. 

Schott, Prodr. Syst. Aroid. p. 142. 
Caladium sarmentosum. Fisch. MS. 



This pretty Aroideous plant was separated from the genus 
Caladium, to which Dr. Fischer had referred it, by Dr. Klotzsch, 
under the name of Gonatanthus, derived from the geniculate^ 
character of the tube of the spatha ; and adopted by Schott in 
his valuable works on Aroidea. As yet, however, the present 
species alone is certainly known to belong to it ; and this is a 
native of the Khasia and Himalaya Mountains, having been de- 
tected there by Baron Hugel, and Drs. Hooker and Thomson. 
Two dubious species, imperfectly noticed by Schott, are G.? or- 
natm, Schott, also from Khasia (Hooker fil. and Thomson), and 
G. Griffithii, Schott (Arum, Sp. Griff. Notula>,v. 3. p. 144, Icones, 
v. 3. t. 164), gathered in Burmah by Griffith. Our plants, re- 
ceived from the Berlin Garden, flowered in the stove in May. 

Descr. No stem. Root, or tuberous rhizome, sparsely fibrous, 

OCTOBER 1ST, 1861. 



frequently sending out stolones, which bear sheathing scales, and 
sometimes clusters of bulbs, which terminate in one to three long 
slender filaments. These stolones are probably more freely pro- 
duced from non-flowering plants. Our own plants have not yet 
produced these : the former are represented by Klotzsch, Lc; the 
latter in Schott's ' Genera Aroidearum,' t. 39. Leaves ovate, 
very acute, six to ten inches long, cordato-ovate, dark green 
above, pale beneath, entire, penniveined, with slender veinlets 
between, which meet and anastomose slightly : there is also an 
intramarginal veinlet. Petiole longer than the leaf, peltately 
inserted at some distance from the base. SpatJta pedunculate, 
tawny-yellow, a span to a foot long, subulato-lanceolate, convo- 
lute, the very base tumid, then bent at an angle (geniculated), 
above that also tumid, but partially open, so as to expose to view 
the apex of the spadix. Spadix short, an inch and a half long, 
clavate, the base beset with pistils, the slender portion with im- 
perfect anthers, the clubbed apex with perfect anthers of a purple 
colour, each opening by four pores. 



Fig. 1. Spadix, removed from the spatha. 2. Anther. 3. Transverse section 
of ditto. 4. Pistil. 5. Transverse section of the ovary. 6. Vertical section of 
the same : — more or less magnified. 




et M 



Ifoccnl 



Tab. 5276. 
IMPATIENS FLACCIDA. 

Soft-leaved Balsam. 



Nat. Ord. Balsamine,e. — Pentandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calycis pentaphylli colorati foliola insequalia, posticum maximum, 
basi calcaratum, lateralia minora, antica minima vel obsoleta. Corolla petala 5, 
hypogyna, calycis foliolis alterna, anticum maximum, suborbiculato-concavum, 
postica cum lateralibus minoribus per paria connata. Stamina 5, hypogyna, 
petalis alterna, ovarium arete cingentia ; jilamenta superne coalita ; anthera in- 
trorsse, biloculares, subconnatae, longituclinaliter dehiscentes vel infra apicem 
subtransversim ruptre. Ovarium sessile, oblongo-pentagonnm v. teretiusculum, 
quinqueloculare. Ovula in loculis plurima vel pauca, angnlo centrali superpo- 
sita, inserta, uniseriata. Stigma sessile, quinquedentatum vel quinquefidum. 
Capsnla oblonga, pentagona v. teretiuscula, superne uni-, inferne quinque-locu- 
laris, loculicide quinquevalvis ; valvis medio semiseptiferis, a colurana persis- 
tente elastice dissilientibus, saepissime septicide bifidis, ab apice ad basim in- 
volutis, v. sursum revolutis, endocarpio cartilagineo. Semina in loculis plurima 
v. pauca, rarissime abortu solitaria, in versa. Embryonis exalbuminosi ortho- 
tropi cotyledones plano-convexae ; radicnla obtusa, supera. — Herbse sapissime 
annua, in Asia Orientali tropica et subtropica copiosa, in Capite Bona Spei, 
America Boreali, Europa et Asia temperata rara ; foliis alternis, oppositis v. ter- 
natis, Uneari- vel lato-lanceolatis, serratis v. dentatis, rarissime omnibus radicali- 
bus longe petiolatis, exstipulatis ; pedunculis axillaribus, solitariis v. aggregates, 
vel plurifioris. Endl. 



iMP\'riE?tsJlaccida; glabra herbacea, foliis alternis tenuiter membranaceis longe 
petiolatis elliptico-oblongis acuminatis basi in petiolum attenuatis crenato- 
serratis, petiolis parce glanduloso-setigeris, pedicellis solitariis binisve fili- 
formibus folio brevioribus, sepalis lateralibus oblongo-lanceolatis anteriore 
plus duplo brevioribus, posteriore petalis subasquali, calcare flliformi (medio 
crassiore ?) apice attenuato flore subduplo longiore, capsula elliptico-oblonga 
basi et apice attenuata glabra. Am. 

Impatiens flaccida. Am. Ind. Bats, in Hook. Comp. to Bot. Mag. v. 1. p. 32. 
Walp. Repert. Bot. v. 1. p. 468. Hook. fit- et Thorns. Balsamin. in Journ. 
of Linn. Soc. 1860, p. 134. Thwaites, En. PI. Zeylan. p. 65. 

Impatiens pulcherrima. Bah. in Bot. Mag. I. 4615? 

Impatiens latifolia, var.? Linn. Sp. PL p. 1328. An Wall. Cat. n. 4737 A? 
{Ilook.fil. et Thorns.). 

Impatiens lucida. Wall. Cat. n. 4738 {Herb. Henslow). 



A lovely species, of a most lovely and, as now known to us, 
very extensive genus, especially abounding in tropical India. 
Linnaeus, in 1764, enumerated seven species as all that were 

OCTOBER 1ST, 1861. 



known to botanists. De Candolle, so late as 1824, in his 'Pro- 

dromus/ has only recorded thirty-one species, including Bal- 
samina, now universally united witli Impatiens. Dr. Arnott, 
scarcely ten years later, added twenty new species from India 
alone. Drs. Hooker and Thomson, in their valuable " Prsecur- 
sores ad Floram Indicam, in the fourth volume of the Journal of 
the Proceedings of the Linnsean Society," have described ninety- 
six inhabiting India. It is true the characters are mostly drawn 
from dried specimens, and it must be confessed that the flowers 
of the Balsaminem suffer much by the process of drying for 
the herbarium. It is this circumstance which renders it so dif- 
ficult to ascertain whether the present plant be a form of Lin- 
naeus's I. latifolia, as intimated by Thwaites and Hooker til. 
and Thomson, or not. Even with the opportunity of examining 
living specimens, so variable are many of the Balsams, that Dr. 
Hooker hesitates whether to consider the Impatiens pidcherrima 
of Dalzell in this work (7. c.) identical with our present species. 
It is indeed a very near ally, if not specifically the same ; but, as 
Dr. Hooker observes, the latter is altogether a larger plant, the 
flowers much paler in colour, and with more of the lilac tint, 
the fructiferous pedicels are erect, the stem and petioles green, 
not a fine purple, as in our I.faccida. 

I.fiaccida is a native of Ceylon, at elevations upon the moun- 
tains of from 4000 to 6000 feet, collected by Mrs. General 
Walker, Gardener, and Thwaites. A variety with slightly hairy 
pedicels and capsules, is considered to be a native of the Malay 
Islands and Moulmein ; and if Dalzcll's I. pulcherrima be the 
same, it is found in the Concan and perhaps other parts of the 
Madras peninsula. 



327't 




Wf'roi..: 



,:s, Imp- 



Tab. 5277. 
SPIRANTHES cernua, 

Drooping -flowered Spiranthes. 



Nat. Ord. OrchidEjE. — Gynandria Monandria. 

Gen. Char. Perianthium ringens. Sepala lateralia labello supposita, hasi ob- 
liqua et in ovarium, decurrentia ; dor sale petalis subglutinatum. Lahellum pe- 
diproductse columnae affixum, unguiculatum, raro sessile, oblongum, ssepius 
apice dilatatum, nunc trilobum, semper callis duobus infra medium instructum, 
columns adpressum, eique marginibus inflexis arete adhserens. Columna basi 
arcuata et ovarii apicem oblique terminans, in pede producta, teres ; stigmate 
ovato, in rostellum acuminatum, demum bifidum, aut obtusum, emarginatum, raro 
corneum, indivisum producto. Anihera dorsalis acuminata vel obtusa, nunc 
membrana apiculata, bilocularis; clinandrio utrinque membranaceo marginato. 
Pollinia 2, pulverea, bipartita ; glandules communi oblonga? affixa. — Herbse, 
utrinque orbis, terrestres, sapius parvijiora et glanduloso-pubescentes ; radicibus 
fasciculatis. Folia radicalia, nunc caulescentia, textura Orchidis, nunc omnino 
deficieniia. Mores spicati, spirales. Lindl. 



Spiranthes cernua; tuberibus elongatis fasciculatis, foliis radicalibus spathulato- 
lanceolatis obscure 3-5-nerviis patentibus, caulinis sensin minoribus lanceo- 
latis basi vaginatis, spica oblonga densa multiflora, bracteis flores sequanti- 
bus, floribus trifariam spiraliter tortis, sepalis pubescenti-glandulosis in 
unum ovatum cucullatum coliserentibus petala oblongo-spathulata includen- 
tibus, labello oblongo obscure trilobo basi biglanduloso, lobo medio lato 
sinuato reflexo, columna ovata birostrata basi glanduloso-barbata, ovario 
pyriformi triquetro gland uloso. 

Spiranthes cernua. Rich. Orchid. Annot. p. 37. Hook. M. Bor. Am. v. 2. 
p. 202. Lindl. Bot. Reg. t. 823. Gen. et Sp. Orchid, p. 467. Babington 
in Trans. Linn. Soc. v. 19. p. 262. t. 32. Asa Gray, Man. Bot. N. U. St. 
Illustr. p. 448. Elliott, Fl. of S. Carolina, v. 2. p. 492. Chapman, Fl. S. 
U. St. p. 402. Torrey, Fl. of N. York, p. 283. Tab. 129. 

Ophrys cernua. Linn. Sp. PL p. 1340. 

Neottia cernua. Willd. Sp. PI. v. 4. p. 75. Sims, Bot. Mag. t. 1568. Sweet, ■ 

Brit. FL Gard. v. 1. p. 42. Hook, et Am. Brit. Flora, ed. 1. p. 430. 
Neottia gemmipara. Sm. Eng. Fl. v. 4. p. 36. Engl. Bot. Suppl. t. 2786. 
Spiranthes gemmipara. Lindl. Syn. Br. Fl. p. 257. Hook, et Am. Brit. Fl. 

ed. S.p. 431. Reichenb. Orchid, in Fl. Germ. t. 477-/. t. {copied from 

Engl. Bot.) 



Perhaps no Orchideous plant has remained so long in a state of 

OCTOBER 1ST, 1861. 



doubt and uncertainty as the Neottia gennnipara of Sir James 
Smith. It was discovered rather more than half a century ago, 
that is, in August 1810, "near Castletown, opposite to Bear- 
haven, on the northern side of Bantry Bay, county of Cork, Ire- 
land," by Mr. James Drummond, at that time Curator of the 
Cork Botanic Garden, and the same who so eminently distin- 
guished himself by his botanical researches in Western Australia. 
We are not aware that another European locality has ever been 
detected. Strange to say, it appears to have attracted no public 
attention till 1828, when Sir James Smith described it in his Eng- 
lish Flora, v. 4. p. 36, under the name of Neottia gemmipara, so 
called from some " buds, destined to flower the following year, 
formed among the leaves at the bottom of the flower-stalk." 
Lindley, in his • Synopsis to the British Flora,' referred the 
plant correctly to Spiranthes, preserving the specific name, and 
sanctioning the species. A very unsatisfactory figure appeared 
in 1834, in the Supplement to * English Botany,' t. 2786, from an 
imperfectly developed and probably dried specimen. In 1844, 
Mr. Babington read an excellent paper " On the Neottia gem- 
mipara of Smith " to the Linnsean Society. In the preparation 
of that memoir, that gentleman consulted the Hookerian Her- 
barium, and I directed his attention to my numerous specimens 
of the North American Spiranthes cernua (Ophrys, Z.), as pro- 
bably identical with our Irish plant ; and the result of his exami- 
nation confirmed that opinion, and, as I had hoped, settled the 
question. Dr. Lindley, however, in a very able paper, read be- 
fore the Linnaean Society in 1857, controverted this opinion, 
alluding to its close affinity with S. Bomanzqffiana* (so near that 
they may possibly be identical), retaining it however as a dis- 
tant species, peculiar to the south-east of Ireland, under the ori- 
ginal name, gemmipara, observing, that " we must require very 
strong proof that a plant hitherto unknown, except in the south- 
east of Ireland, is the same as a common North American 
species." In reference to this remark, I may observe, that 
Najas flexilis, a plant "common in ponds and slow streams in 

* With regard to the Spiranthes Romanzoffiana, in point of locality, it may be 
ranked with what has been hitherto known of the S. gemmipara, that is, 'that 
only one station has been recorded for it, and only one person has been fortu- 
nate enough to see it, growing "in alveo turfoso convalliura infimorum insula? 
Unalashcae," and that is Von Chamisso himself, to whom I am indebted for well- 
dried specimens. I could not undertake from them to sav whether the plant be 
specifically distinct or not. They are smaller than S. cernua, and of much less 
robust habit ; the flowers are still smaller in proportion, and narrower, more cy- 
lindrical, and the bracteas always much exceed the flowers in length. Ledebour, 
indeed, observes, " Habitus ob spicse densitatem et bractearum magnitudinem in 
hoc genere maxime singularis." Reichenbach's three figures (I.e.) are verv satis- 
factory representations of the natural size; but the analysis, being all done from 
the dried, cannot perhaps be so much depended upon. 



the States and Canada, but which is exceedingly scarce in Eu- 
rope," was discovered by Professor Oliver to be a native of 
Conneraara, Ireland ; and Eriocaulon septangulare , peculiar in 
Europe to the west of Ireland and of Scotland, is abundant in 
North America. Such views, entertained by so distinguished 
a botanist as Dr. Lindley, led Mr. Benthara, Dr. Hooker, and 
myself, to a further examination of the Spiranthes in question, 
on my receiving some living native specimens last year by the 
kindness of Lord Bandon. The result is, that the Irish 8. gem- 
mipara and the North-American 8. cernua are identical in all 
particulars, as the accompanying figures of the Irish plant will 
testify. 

In North America 8. cernua has a most extensive range. I 
possess numerous specimens from Newfoundland in the east, 
on the mainland through the whole plains of the Saskatchawan, 
and the Lake of the Woods ; across the Rocky Mountains to 
British Columbia and Vancouver's Island ; from all the northern 
and middle United States ; and it is recorded in the Floras of 
South Carolina and Georgia, and of the Southern States ge- 
nerally. If 8. Romanzoffiana should prove to be identical with 
8. cernua, then its north geographical limit is Unalashka, in the 
Russian dominions, but geographically pertaining to America. 



Tab. 5277. Spiranthes cernua, Rich., drawn from a living plant from Ireland. 
Fig. 1. Side, and fig. 2. front view of a flower. 3. Flower, from which the se- 
pals and petals are removed. 4. Column, with anther, and base of the labellum. 
5. View of column, from above. 6. Column, seen from beneath. 7. Side view 
of a column. 8 and 9. Pollen-masses : — all more or less magnified. 



5118 










Tab. 5278. 
STANHOPEA Bucephalus. 

Bull-horned Stanhopea. 



Nat. Ord. Orchide^:. — Gyxandria Monandria. 

Gen. Char. Perianthium membranaceum, patentissimum, reflexum. Sepala 
libera, subundulata, mole sua ruentia. Petala conformia, angustiora. Labellum 
liberum, anticum; dimidio superiore {epichilio) convexo, inferiore {hypochilio) 
excavato. Columna longissima, petaloideo-inarginata. Anthera bilocularis. Pol- 
linia 2, elongata, fissa, caudicula cum glandula biloba stipitata breviore. — Epi- 
phyte pseudobulbosee. Folia plicata. Scapi radicales, vaginati, pauciflori. Flores 
maximi, magis minusve maculati. Lindl. 



Stanhopea Bucephalus ; bracteis ovario subsequalibus, hypochilio unguiculato 
cymbiformi antice intruso apice carnoso aperte sulcato mutico basi longe 
angustato ecorni intus lgevi extus bicarinato, epichilio subrotundato-ovuto 
cuspidato integro breviore, cornibus gracilibus teretibus brevioribus,-columna 
basi angustissima sursum alata. Lindl. 

Stanhopea Bucephalus. Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orchid, n. 2. Bot. Beg. 1843, sub 
t. 44, et v. 31. t. 24. 

Epiuendrum grandiflorum. Eumb. et Bonpl. PI. JEquinoct. p. 94. t. 27. 

Anguloa grandiflora. Eumb. Bonpl. et Kth. Nov. Gen. et Sp. Am. v. I. p. 345. 



This is perhaps the richest-coloured of all the species of the 
fine genus Stanhopea, having the ground-colour of a rich tawny- 
orange, marked with deep blood-coloured spots ; it yields, too, 
like so many other of its congeners, a powerful fragrance, which 
would certainly be too strong for the drawing-room. To this 
species, no doubt, Dr. Lindley properly refers the Epidendrum 
grandiflorum of the PI. ^Equinoct. (Anguloa, H. B. K.), though 
in his Gen. et Sp. Orchid, he had considered that plant as sy- 
nonymous with my S. insignis (Bot. Mag. t. 2948, 2949). Its 
nearest affinity is doubtless with S. oculata (Lindl. Bot. Reg. 
t. 1800), not yet figured in this work, "from which it differs in 
the form of the lip, and especially in the very short ovaries." 

The species is a native of Ecuador, and was first detected by 

NOVEMBER 1ST, 1861. 



Humboldt and Bonpland at Cuenca. Hartweg found it at 
Paccha, a small village in the Andes, on the ascent from Guaya- 
quil to Loxa, at an elevation of 6000 feet above the level of the 
sea, and by him it was sent to the Royal Horticultural Society 
of London, and secured to our orchid-houses. It flowered with 
us in August of the present year. 



Fig. Column and lip, — slightly magnified. 



5Z79 







"Vincent Brooks. It 



Tab. 5279. 
VACCINIUM Imrayi. 

Dr. Imrays Vaccinium. 



Nat. Ord. Vacciniace.e. — Octandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx ovario adnatus ; limbo libero 4-5-partito, rarius subintegro, 
partitionibus dentiformibus; Corolla campanulata aut urceolata, limbo 4-5-fido. 
Stamina libera, corolla? lobis numero dupla, partira ima basi corollae, partim 
limbo calycis iuserta. Anthera biloculares, bitubulosae, dorso biaristatae aut 
muticae, antice ad apicem tantum dehiscentes. Stylus erectus, strictus. Stigma 
truncatum. Germen iuferum, disco epigyno piano aut convexo, lsevo, limboque 
calycino coronatum, 4-5-loculare, loculis multiovulatis. Bacca pulposa aut 
exsucca, calycis limbo vestita, subglobosa, 4-5-locularis, loculis oligo- aut poly- 
spermis. Semina parva, subangulata, fusca aut flavida. — Frutices aut suffrutices. 
Folia sparsa, caduca aut persistentia. Flores axillares, solitarii, gemini, terni, 
fasciculati aut racemosi. Corollae albidee (virescentes) aut coccinea. Klotzsch. 



Vaccinium (§ Scytanthemum) Imrayi; fruticosurn glaberrimum, foliis brevi- 
petiolatis sempervirentibus ovatis acurainatis integerrimis vel obsolete ser- 
ratis penninerviis, corymbis multifloris axillaribus vel terminalibus, floribus 
lutescenti-viridibus, calycibus 5-6-dentatis, corollis crassissimis 5-6-fidis, 
laciniis ovatis erectis, marginibus involutis, antheris muticis. 

Vaccinium Imrayi. Hook. Ic. Plant. Bar. v. 3. t. 292. Walp. Repert. v. 2. 
p. 723; Annal. v. 2. p. 1100. Klotzsch in Linneea, v. 24t.p. 61. 



This is a remarkable-looking Vaccinium, native of the island 
of Dominica (not " St. Domingo," as stated by mistake by Dr. 
Klotzsch), and was sent to our garden, along with good speci- 
mens for the herbarium, by Dr. Imray of that island, its dis- 
coverer. Dr. Klotzsch, in his memoir on the Linnsean class 
Bicornes, published in the ' Linneea/ /. c, has deemed it worthy 
to form a section or group of the genus Vaccinium to which he 
has given the name Scytanthemum. It is a handsome evergreen 
shrub, two and a half to three feet high, with glossy coriaceous 
leaves, often three inches long. The flowers are large for the 
genus, and remarkable for their uniform yellow-green colour, 
unusual in this genus, and for the very carnoso-coriaceous tex- 

NOVEMBER 1ST, 1861. 



ture of the corollas. These flowers form rather compact termi- 
nal or lateral leafy corymbs. Six is the ordinary number of 
divisions in the flower. The stamens and style are included. 
The anthers are of an orange-colour, muticous, upon broad fila- 
ments. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Pistil :— slightly magnified. 3. Two of the stamens- 
more magnified. 



\2S( 








-letKh. 




.- C Yft 




Tab. 5280. 

HIGGINSIA REGALIS. 

Boyal Higginsia. 



Nat. Ord. Rubiacej: (Hedyotideje). — Tetrandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calycis tubus brevis, obovatus; limbus ad basin 4-dentatus, persis- 
tans. Corolla infundibuliformis, subcampanulata, tubo brevi, Umbo 4-partito 
patente, fauce nuda. Stamina medio tubo inserta, filamenth brevibus, antheris 
ovatis inclusis. Stigmata 2, exserta. Bacca oblonga, subtetragona, bisulca, bilo- 
cularis, calyce coronata. Placenta septo adnatae. Semina in loculo quoque plu- 
rima, parva, aptera. — Suffrutices 3-4-pedales, ramis obtuse tetragonis. Folia 
opposita aut verticillata, obovata aid oblonga, acuta. Stipulae utrinque solitaries, 
parvce, acuta, decidute. Pedunculi axillares, racemosi, pedicellis brevibus, unila- 
teralibus. Corollse rubentes. De Cand. 



Higginsia regalis; fruticosa robusta, ramis subsucculentis obtuse tetragonis, 
foliis rotundato-ovatis subcoriaceis acuminatis integerrimis subarcte plicato- 
penninerviis glabris nitidis atro-viridibus subtus purpureo-rubris, slipulis 
triangularibus deciduis, floribus aggregatis subsessilibus. 

Campylobotrys regalis. Hort. Belg. 



In 1850 we received from Paris, and published at Tab. 4530 
of this work, a South American plant under the name of Cam- 
pylobotrys discolor, and not being able then to refer it with cer- 
tainty to any known Rubiaceous genus, we retained the name 
as we received it, and drew up a character as well as our ma- 
terials would permit. Since that has appeared, our friend Mr. 
Planchon has referred the Campylobotrys discolor to Higginsia 
(see Walpers's Annales Bot. Syst. v. 2. p. 792), and probably cor- 
rectly so. We have now, from Mr. Linden, of the Belgian Gar- 
dens, received the beautiful plant here figured, with the name of 
" Campylobotrys regalis" but unfortunately with no mention of its 
native country nor indication of its being anywhere described or 
published. No plant better deserves to be known or is better 
worthy of cultivation in the stove. As it is evidently of the 
same genus as the Higginsia discolor of Planchon, we transfer it 
thither, only lamenting we have so little of its history to give. 

NOVEMBER 1ST, 1861. 



True, the name appears in Linden's Catalogue, n. 15, 1860, 
p. 3, but the notice accompanying it only relates to the beauty 
of the individual : — " Cette plante merveilleuse est considered 
comuie une de nos meilleures introductions, et ce n'est pas peu 
de dire, lorsqu'on cite parmi celles-ci des plantes comme le Cya- 
nophyUum magnificion, le Begonia Bex, le Gesneria cinnabarina, 
etc. Nous ne craignons meme pas d'etre taxe d'exageration 
en affirmant que ce Campylobotrys eclipse le Cyanophyllum mag- 
nijicum lui-meme, par la beaute extraordinaire des feuilles, que 
nous ne saurions mieux comparer qu'a celles des plus splendides 
Jncec/itoc/iilus" — It blossomed in our stove in August, 1861, 
but the flowers are very unattractive as compared with the 
foliage. 

We have species of Higginsia, in our herbarium, from New 
Grenada, but none that exactly corresponds with it. 



m g . 1. Flower. 2. Corolla, laid open. 3. Calyx and pistil -.—all slightly 

771Q it H Ifl cd , 



>:% 




WELtdiAsletlith 



Vincent Broak3,I"mp 



Tab. 5281. 
ECHINACEA angustifolia. 

Narrow-leaved Echinacea. 



Nat. Ord. Composite. — Syngenesia Frustkanea. 

Gen. Char. Capitulum multiflorum, heterogaraum ; fl. radii neutris, longe lio-u- 
latis, 1-serialibus ; disci hermaphroditis, regulariter 5-fidia; tubo subnullo, fauce 
nuda ; limbi dentibus erectis. Involucrum 3-seriale, squamis lanceolatis ciliatis. 
Receptaculum ovatura ; paleis rigidis, superne cartilagineis ; jlores disci superan- 
tibus onustum. Sfaminum filamenta ex ima corolla orta. Styli rami appendi- 
culis semilanceolatis superati. Achenia tetragons, obpvramidata, crassa, pappo 
irregulariter lacero subcoroniformi decidue coronata. — Herbae Boreali- Americana, 
perennes. Folia radicalia ;9<?^Wflfo, caulina alterna, sessilia, serrata aut integerrima. 
Bairn superne nudi, monocephali. Capitula ampla ; ligulis purpureis, 2-3-dentalis, 
1-2 poll, longis ; fl. disci obscure virescentibus. De Cand. 



Echinacea angustifolia ; foliis omnibus lineari-Ianceolatis hispidis integerrimis, 
radicalibus longe petiolatis 3-nerviis, caulinis sessilibus. 

Echinacea angustifolia. De Cand. Prodr. v. 5. p. 354. Asa Gray, Man. of Bot. 
Illust. p. 214. Chapman, Fl. of the Southern United States, p. 226. 



The genus, like Budbeckia, with which it was associated by 
Linnaeus and the older botanists (having been separated by 
Mcench), is peculiar to the Southern United States, scarcely ad- 
vancing so far south as Mexico proper. The present species has 
perhaps its northern limit in Iowa, Illinois, and Wisconsin. Ber- 
landier first detected it near Austin, in Texas, and his specimens 
are described by De Candolle. Our living plant was sent to us 
by Mr. Leeds, of Manchester, having been reared by Mr. Ross, 
of S medley, near that town, from seeds collected by Mr. Bourne 
in Iowa. 

The numerous long purple rays (and they vary from fourteen 
to twenty, the whole flower measuring nearly six inches across) 
recommends the plant for cultivation in tufts, in mixed flower- 
borders. The height is two to three feet ; the stem simple, par- 
tially clothed with long, soft, spreading hairs ; flowers solitary, 
the stalk is swollen just beneath the capitulum. Involucre with 
spreading scales. Corollas of the ray quite sterile : ligule very 

NOVEMBER 1ST, 1861. 



long, purple-rose. Florets of the disk perfect, concealed by the 
numerous pungent scales of the receptacle (whence the generic 
name, typos, a hedgehog), which are rigid, green, lanceolate, 
tinged with red and terminated by a black rigid spine. Corolla 
tubular, five-toothed ; stamens included. Style exserted. Ovary 
oblong, crowned with a toothed cup-shaped margin. It flowered 
with us in the open air in July. 



Fig 1. Floret of the ray, with one of its scales. 2. Floret of the disk, with 
its scale. 3. Scale of the receptacle -.—all more or less magnified, 



5M% 




r mcerit. Brooks,imp 



Tab. 5282. 
PHYLLAGATHIS rotundifolia 

Round-leaved Phyllagathis. 



Xat. Ord. Melastomace.e. — Octandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Flos 4-merus. Calycis oblongo-campanulati limbus membrana- 
ceus, obtuse 4-lobus ; lobis dorso denticulum externum, cuspidatum, apice 3-4- 
setosum, inferne in nervura abeuntera, gerentibus. Petala ovato-elliptica aut 
obovata, apiculata. Stamina 8, aequalia aut subsequalia ; antheris nonnihil re- 
curvis, a basi ad apicem gradatim attenuatis ideoque subulatis, poro minutissimo 
apertis ; connectivo infra loculos nullo, postice ad basin vix conspicue incrassato. 
Ovarium toto ambitu adherens, apice membrana libera styli basim cingente coro- 
natum, 4-loculare. Placenta lamelloso-cuneiformes, margine libero incrassato 
multiovulatge. Stylus filiformis, gracilis, stigmate punctiformi. Fructus (ex auc- 
toribus) baccatus, quadrilocularis. Semina ignota. — Frutex subherbaceus, Suma- 
tranus, macrophyllus ; foliis longe petiolotis, oppositis, subrotundis, apiculatis, basi 
subcordatis, margine tenuiter et obsolete sinuato-denticulatis aut sub integer rimis, 7-9- 
nerviis, vix non glabris ; petiolis sparsim pilosis; floribus in capitula axillaria 
pedunculata dense congest is ; bracteis coloratis, late cordatis, inwlucratis, pur- 
purascentibus. Naudin. 



Phyllagathis rotundifolia ; foliis subrotundis glabris discoloribus subtus fer- 
rugineo-lepidotis, .floribus in capitulis involucratis congestis. 

Phyllagathis rotundifolia. Blume,in Nat. Wet. v. 6. p. 2491; et in Regensb. 
Bot. Zeit. 1831, v. 2. p. 5071. Mus. Bot. Lugd. Bat. p. 12. Korthals in 
Verh.Nat. Gesch. Bot. p. 252. t. 57. 

Melastoma rotundifolium. Jack in Linn. Trans, v. 14. p. 11. BeCand. Prodr 
Syst. Veget. v. 3. p. 149. t. 45. 



This is another of the many plants which we owe to the Malay 
Islands, whose charms depend more on the rich colour of the 
foliage than on the beauty of the flowers, though, in the present 
instance, we have there colour also ; but it is outdone by the rich 
tints of the leaves, both above and below, and the plaited cha- 
racter of the latter, with their strong shadows and reflected 
lights. It was first detected in moist woods of the Musi country, 
in the interior of Sumatra, and described by our lamented country- 
man Dr. Jack, in his very valuable memoir on ' The Malayan 
Species of Melastoma,' published in the Linnaean Society's Trans- 
actions, I.e. The Dutch appear, at a later period, to have in- 

NOVEMBEE 1ST, 1861. 



troduced living plants to onr gardens, where they are much 
prized. They flower with us in July. If any figure or recent 
account of it has appeared in the Continental journals, I have 
failed to find such ; but it must be confessed that either the 
Continental or our own booksellers keep us sadly behind in the 
matter of periodical scientific publications. 

Descr. Stem short, thick, perennial, but rather herbaceous 
than woody, rooting at intervals, four-sided, dark-purple. Leaves 
approximate, orbicular-ovate, six inches and more long, by four 
and a half broad, suddenly acuminulate, the margin denticulate, 
traversed longitudinally by ten strong ribs, prominent beneath ; 
plaited, above deep, rich, glossy metallic-green, partially reddish, 
beneath bright-red and furfuraceous : the longitudinal ribs are 
united by curved veins ; petioles rather long, thick, dark-purple. 
Peduncle short, thick, terminal, and axillary, bearing a capilulum 
of numerous flowers, inqluded in a large involucre of five or six 
subrotundo-ovate, dark-purple scales. Flowers sometimes tri- 
merous, sometimes tetramerous; the rest as in the generic 
character. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Flower, with the petals removed. 3. Stamens:— all 
more or less magnified. 



*%S3. 







Tab. 5283. 
RHODANTHE Manglesii, var. sanguinea. 
Mangles Bhodanthe, blood-coloured var. 



Nat. Ord. Composite. — Syxgenesia iEarALis. 

Gen. Char. Capitulum multiflorum, homogamum. Involucrum turbinatum, im- 
bricatum ; squamis membranaceis, ovatis, acutis, externis argenteis bracteiformibus 
secus pedicellum, mediis appressis, intimis patentibus stellatis roseis. Recepta- 
culum nudum. Corolla quinquefidse. Achenia erostria, lanata. Pappus uni- 
serialis, pluraosus, setis distinctis. — Herba Novo-Hollandica, annua, erecta, ramosa, 
glabra. Folia amplexicatdia, oblonga, obtusa, Integra. Capituia terminalia, soli- 
taria, ex involucro pulchre roseo elegantissima. Be Cand. 



Kiiodanthe Manglesii. 

11 hodan the Manglesii. Lindl. Bot. Reg. 1. 17 03. Book. Bot. Mag. £.3483. Bon, 
Brit. Gard. ser. 2. t. 295. Be Cand. Prodr. v. 6. p. 159. Lehm. Enum. 
PI. Preiss. v. 1. p. 447. Paxton, Mag. of Bot. v. 3. p. 173. PI. des Serves, 
v. 6. p. 622. 

Var. sanguinea; floribus eximie purpureo-sanguineis, disco atvo-sanguineo. (Tab. 
Nostr. 5283.) 

Rhodanthe sanguinea. Hort. 



Beautiful assuredly as this plant is, and different as is the 
colour of the flowers, especially of the disk, from the B. Man- 
glesii (which has a rose-coloured ray and a yellow disk), and al- 
though it is cultivated as a distinct species under the name of 
Bhodanthe sanguinea in gardens, I can only otfer it as a variety 
of that plant. That however published in 1836 is a very unsa- 
tisfactory figure, and destitute of analysis, which we are happy 
to have the opportunity of giving here. The original Bhodanthe 
Manglesii is made great use of in our gardens, in masses, for the 
ornamenting of our flowerbeds ; and the present variety, whether 
mixed with that or kept separate, will prove a very valuable in- 
troduction. The genus belongs to a group of the Composite 
which, like the Xeranthemums are called everlastings, for the 
dried specimens retain the beauty of colour in the flowers as in 
the live state ; and the group in Australia is remarkable for the 
variation of colour in the same type. Only one species is yet 
known to us, native of Western Australia. 

DECEMBER 1ST, 1861. 



Descr. Boot annual. Stein erect, one to one and a half foot 
high, moderately branched, terete. Leaves glaucous-green, ob- 
long, subacuminate, but obtuse at the apex, entire, upper ones 
cordato-acuminate, all amplexicaul at the base, penniveined, the 
surface dotted, from a number of little hollow pits, best seen 
under the microscope ; veins few, simple, almost parallel with 
the slender costa. Inflorescence corymboso-paniculate ; peduncles 
and pedicels slender, the latter especially, bracteated with small 
scales, which become narrower under the capitulum, where they 
are scariose, oblong, and form the turbinate involucre. Corollas 
in this variety all rich purple blood-colour, deeper in the disk. 



Fig. 1. Portion of a leaf, showing the pits which give the dotted appearance 
to the surface. 2. Floret of the ray. 3. Floret of the disk. 4. Seta of the 
pappus : — all more or less magnified. 



:>:><s; 




WRteh,ad.et"hth.. 



VmcoTtBroote/taP 



Tab. 5284. 
BEGONIA Kunthiana. 

Professor Kunttis Begonia. 



Nat. Ord. Begoniace;e. — Mon(ecia Polyandria. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4172.) 



Begonia Kunthiana; fruticosa, erecta, glabra, caule succulento, foliis breviter 
petiolatis inaequilalero-lanceolatis oblongis acuminata grosse dentatis, basi 
diraidiato-rotundatis laevissime cordatis, supra saturate viridibus nitidis, 
subtus purpurascentibus, pedunculis axillaribus 2-3-floris, floribus inagnis 
candidis, petalis florum masculorum exterioribus subrotundato-ovatis acuti- 
usculis, interioribus multo rainoribus obovato-spathulatis, apice rotundatis, 
petalis florum fcemineorum 5 rainoribus insequalibus obovatis, ovarii trialati 
albidi alis rotundatis una paulo latiore. Walp. 

Begonia Kunthiana. Walp. Annal Bot. Syst. v. 2. p. 650. 

Begonia lucida. Kth. et Bouch. bid. S.-m. in Hort. Berol. 1858; Coll. p. 16. 
n. 30 {not of Otto and Bietr.). 

Gaerdtia Kunthiana. Kl. in Walp. Annal. Bot. Syst. v. 4. p. 892. 



The Begonias are eminently beautiful, both in flower and in 
the leaf ; the latter, especially, exhibit a richness and variety of 
colouring unequalled in almost any other genus of plants ; and 
many new varieties of foliage are obtained by skilful management, 
which are now reckoned among the most charming of plants for 
stove cultivation, or, in summer, for a warm greenhouse. The 
genus is most extensive, and comparatively little known, except 
from garden specimens, and these chiefly natives of South Ame- 
rica; for though natives of tropical and subtropical countries 
generally, cultivators have found it more easy to procure living 
plants from the Western world than from any other parts of the 
globe. The Berlin Garden has been long celebrated for its ex- 
tensive collections; and this circumstance, perhaps, led to the 
late Dr. Klotzsch publishing numerous figures, and a revision 
and new arrangement of all the species known to him, in his 
valuable ' Begoniaceen-Gattungen und Arten/ with a great num- 
ber of excellent illustrative plates. Of his forty new genera, 
many of them, doubtless, insufficiently characterized, M. Al- 

DECEMBER 1ST, 1861. 



plionse De Candolle, in his ' Memoire sur la Fanrille des Bego- 
niacees' (published in the Annales des Sei. Nat., 4th ser. vol. xi.), 
has restored a great number to the original Begonia. The pre- 
sent species is certainly not among the least ornamental, and is 
a native of Venezuela and Caracas. We owe the possession of 
it to the Royal Garden of Berlin. Few species exceed this in 
the richness of the colour on the under side of the leaf, contrast- 
ing well with the dark glossy green of the upper, and in the 
size of the flower. 



Fig. 1. Immature capsule. 2. Transverse section of the same : — magnified. 







WRteh,ddetltth 



VmcertBrodtelmp- 



Tab. 5285. 
DENDROBIUM triadenium. 

Tk ree-k nobbed Dendrobium . 



Nat. Ord. Orchide.e. — Gynandria Monandria. 

Gen. Char. Sepala raerabranacea, erecta vel patentia, lateralibus majoribus 
obliquis, cum basi producta columna? connatis. Petala sepalo supremo saspius 
majora, nunc minora, semper membranacea. Labellum cum pede columnae arti- 
culatum vel connatum, semper sessile, indivisum vel trilobum. sa?pius membra- 
naceum, nunc appendiculatum. Columna semiteres, basi louge producta. An- 
thera bilocularis. Pollinia 4, per paria collateralia. — Herbae epiphytce, nunc 
caulescent?*, nunc rhizomate repente pseudobulbifero. Folia plana, scepius venosa. 
Flores solitarii, fasciculati, vel racemosi, speciosi. LinJl. 



Dendrobium (§ Onyehium) triadenium; radicibus villosis, caulibus elongatis 
teretibus ramosis basi fusiformibus, foliis ovato-oblongis obtusis, panicula 
brevi terminali coufertiflora racemosa, sepalis ovatis acutis, petalis labelloque 
oblongis andolfttia rotundatis emarginatis hoc glabra utrinque unidentato, 
medio tuberculo tricrenato aucto, mento brevi obtuso, columna apice den- 
tata, stigmate villoso. Lindl. 

Dendrobium triadenium. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. 1846, sub t. 64, et v. 33. t. 1. 



This agrees in all respects with the plant above referred to, and 
the figure there quoted, of Dr. Lindley, save in the absence of 
the rather deep rose-coloured maculas on the sepals and petals, 
of which but a faint tinge is here seen, and in the absence of the 
bright orange-colour at the tips of the glands on the labellum : 
it is therefore less ornamental. The species has been now long 
cultivated in our orchideous collections, and is supposed to be a 
native of the Malay Archipelago. Introduced by Messrs. Rol- 
lison, of Tooting. Flowers with us in September. 

Descr. Stems, rather than pseudobulbs, clustered, throwing 
out downy, fleshy, vermicular radicles, erect, ten inches to a foot 
or a foot and a half long, rather slender, jointed, striated, sheath- 
ing, swollen upwards. Leaves numerous, distichous, elliptical, 
sessile, subcordate at the base, thick, fleshy, very obtuse, gradu- 
ally smaller upwards. Panicle short, terminal, bearing about 
ten to twelve, moderately large, white Jlowers, more or less dis- 

DECEMBER 1ST, 1861. 



tinctly tinged with rose-colour. Sepals spreading, broad-oblong, 
obtuse. Petals subrotundate, waved, also spreading. Lip 
longer than the sepals, broad-obcordate, narrowed at the base, 
three-lobed ; lateral lobes represented by a blunt tooth on each 
side, intermediate one large and broad, waved, rotundate, with 
a deep notch at the apex, and a raised crest of three ridges on 
the disk, near the base or claw, obtuse at the apex, thus imper- 
fectly representing three glands, whence the specific name ; this 
crest is yellow, often orange, at the extremity. Spur short, ob- 
tuse. Column short, truncated and subcrenate at the apex, with 
a line of hairs in front. 



Fig. 1. Column. 2. Labellum: — magnified. 







•H 







V 



< jt 



w 







W;Rtch,deLetlith. 



"Vincent Brooks, Trrip- 



Tab. 5286. 
VERTICORDIA nitens. 

Glistening Verticordia. 



Nat. Orel. Myrtace.e: Trib. 1, Cham.elauciejE, Be Cand. 

POLYANDRIA ICOSAXDRIA. 

Gen. Char. Flos ante evolutionem bracteis 2 liberis concretisve involucriformi- 
bus cinctus. Calycislobi in lobulos 5-7 palraatipartiti. Petala 5. Stamina 20, 
quorum 10 sterilia ligulseformia, 10 alterna fertilia, inter se sequalia. Stylus fili- 
formis, exsertus. Stigma barbato-pluraosuin. Ovarium uniloculare, ovula 5-6 
centro adiixa erecta includens. Fruetus 1-spermus. Semen globosum. — Frutices 
Australasici, Pileanthi facie. Folia opposita, tineari-subtriquetra . Flores lon- 
giuscule pedicellati, ex axillis supremis orti, in corymbos terminates dispositi. 
De Cand. 



Verticordia nitens; corymbo composite multifloro condensate, tubo calycis 
turbinate glabro, lobis palmato-9-fidis, lobulis pinnato-plumulosis, petalis 
subcartilagineis ovatis margine superiori inciso-fimbriatis, staminodiis line- 
ari-subulatis integerrimis, connectivo in galeam cristatam antherae imminen- 
tem extenso, stylo incluso imberbi, bracteolis muticis caducis, foliis filiformi- 
teretibus oblique mucronatis patulis. Sc/iau. 

Verticordia nitens. Schauer, Monograph, ifyrtac. Xerocarpic. p. 71. t. 4 B. 
f. 1-5. 

Chrysoriuioe nitens. Lindl. in Bot. Mag. Comp. v. 2. p. 357; and in App. to 
the Bot. Reg. t. 1. 



It is now more than twenty years since a figure of this plant, 
made from a dried specimen sent from Western Australia by Cap- 
tain James Mangles, appeared in Dr. Lindley's ' Sketch of the 
Vegetation of the Swan River Botany,' and was there described 
as " the magnificent Chrysorrhoe nitens, whose yellow flowers, of 
metallic lustre., form masses of golden stars some feet in dia- 
meter." Ever since, it has been the desire of nurserymen and 
others engaged in horticulture, to import this lovely plant ; but, 
though seeds have been repeatedly sent, and to our garden 
amongst others, either they have not germinated, or died off 
before the flowering-time. At length the Messrs. Veitch, of the 
Exeter and Chelsea Nurseries, have succeeded in rearing and 
flowering this plant, in August, 1861, not, indeed, in the per- 

DECEMBER 1ST, 1861. 



fection to which it attains in its native country ; and we are in- 
debted to them for the specimen here figured. 

Descr. A twiggy shrub, very much branched, with opposite 
branches ; three to four feet high, corymbose at the top, so thick 
as to form, in its native country, a spreading mass of golden- 
yellow flowers, some feet in diameter : these flowers retain their 
colour and brilliancy when dry. Leaves opposite or quaternate, 
linear-filiform, obtuse, about an inch long. Pedicels slender, in- 
crassated a little upwards, above which, at the setting-on of the 
calyx-tube, is a scar, whence two, cucullate, dotted bracts have 
fallen. Calyx, with the tube turbinate: the limb of five lobes, 
digitately divided into five or six or more, linear, long-ciliated 
segments. Petals five, broad, ciliate, dotted. Stamens twenty; 
ten sterile, short, and thread-like ; ten perfect, and twice as long. 
Anther very peculiar, two-celled, large, ovate, rostrate ; at the 
base are two globose cells ; these have a larger, cucullate, fleshy 
connectivum, which looks like a calyptra. Ovary one-celled, 
with two ovules : style from the centre of a depressed disk : stigma 
a mere point. 



Fig. 1. Leaf, with a small portion of a branch. 2. Bud, with its deciduous 
bracteas. 3. Bud, from which the bracts have fallen. 4. Pully expanded flower. 
5. Calyx-lobe. 6. Petal. 7. Ovary, cut through vertically, with the style and 
portion of the stamens. 8. Perfect anther :— all more or less magnified. 




WBittii,cleL.etlith 



.... IXfLp 



Tab. 4287. 



VRIESIA XVPHOSTACHYS. 

Dagger-spiked I riesia . 



Nat. Ord. Bromeliace.e.— Hexandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Sepala tria, convoluta, a?qualia, petalis apice revolutis (an semper?) 
breviora. Squama, caique petnlo 2, semiadnatse, indivisa?. Stamina exsertn. 3 
libera, petalorum basi insert*, 8 inter petala inserta, iiaqoe ban eonnata ; anthera 
lineares, plana*, postica?. Ovarium serai-inferum, comcum ; ttigma 3-lobum ; 
lobit convolutis et sinuatis, villosis.— Folia plana (sedcanahculata), erecta. k lores 
distichi, hracteu wutguu camalieulatu coloratis. Lindl. 



VwisiA xypkottaehyt ; foliis c latiasittia basi longs subulatis eanabeulatis atro- 
virent'il.us glancia rabferinosu, acapo siuipln-i robro, apica lanceolata com- 
prasaa e bracteia ovatia oymb^wini-carinatia denaiaaime distiche lmbncatia 
viridibua inferioriboa cocdneia flaro-wiegatia, floribus longe exaertia cylin- 
draceia viridi-porpureia, Slamentia intense purpuras longe exaertia stylo bre- 
vioribus, petalis esquaniosis? 



I have already, elsewhere, expressed the difficulty I feel in 
clearly distinguishing Vtietia of Dr. Lindley, from TUkmdsia. 

If our Vriesla glaueophyllu, figured and described at Tab. 4415, 
be a true Fresia, this is unquestionably of the same genus, but 
easily distinguished from it by its smaller size and a darker-co- 
loured foliage, by the solitary spike of the scape, and the far more 
numerous, more carinated, and very compactly imbricated bracts 
of the spike, presenting as this latter does two very sharp edges. 
The flowers, too, are of a rich deep purplish-blue. It was re- 
ceived by us from tropical America, and it is believed from 
Brazil, and flowered in a moist stove in August, 1801. 

Descr. Stemless ; root apparently a short, creeping caudex, or 
rhizome, leaves radical, a span to a foot long, from a broad, 
amplexicaul, convex base, gradually tapering into a long, subulate 
point, channelled, entire, dark glaucous-green ; the lower ones 
purplish at the base. Scape a foot long, erect, bright-red, brac- 
teated with small, subulate, leaf-like, appressed scales, red at the 
base, all red upwards. Spike singularly flattened, solitary, six 

DECEMBER 1ST, 18(51. 



inches long, one inch broad, formed of numerous, closely-placed, 
equitant, sharply cymbiform, carinated brads ; thus the spike is 
sharply two-edged ; the bracts are green, becoming coloured, 
tinged with bright-yellow, and bright-red towards the base ; from 
these equitant bracts onejfower only opens at a time, and this 
is exserted much beyond the point of the bract, subcylindrical, of 
a deep rich purple colour. Filaments of the purple stamens also 
are exserted beyond the petals, but are shorter than the style. 



Fig.]. Entire flowers. 2. Single petal and stamen. 3. Pistil: — magnified. 



5186. 




WFibixAd ethth 



Vmcent Brooks Jtrvp 



Tab. 5288. 

BOLBOPHYLLUM barbigerum. 

Bearded Bolbophyllum. 



Nat. Ord. Orchid ace^e .— Gynandria Monandria. 

Gen. Char. Bolbophyllum, T/iouars. Sepala erecta, acuminata, subaequalia, 
lateralibus cum pede columuae connatis et basi obliquis. Petala nana, ranssime 
sepalis subgequalia. Labellum cum pede columns articulatum, unguiculatum, 
ssepius integrum aut posticum. Columna nana, antice bidentata aut bicorms. 
Anthera 1-2-locularis. Pollinia 4, libera vel valde insequaba, nunc in uno con- 
nata, nunc per paria coha?rentia, altero cujusve paris miuuto lobubformi.— Herbae 
epiphyt<e,\rh.\zoxnate repente pseudobulbar o. Folia conacea, avenia. Kacemi 
radicales. Lindl. 



Bolbophyllum barbigerum; pseudobulbis lenticularibus, folns solitarus racemo 
erecto brevioribus, bracteis ovatis araplexicaulibus ovana subsquahbus se- 
palis lineari-lanceolatis acuminatis, petalis subulatis columna brevioribus, 
labello lineari-lanceolato acuminato villoso apice stuposo-barbato. Lindl. 

Bolbophyllum barbatum. Lindl. Bot. Reg. t. 1942. 



Glorious as are the flowers of many of the larger kinds of 
Orchideous plants, yet many of the smaller kinds are more won- 
derful and more curious in their structure and organization, and 
this is assuredly one of that kind. It is a native of Sierra Leone, 
was imported by Mr. Loddiges, in 1836, and to him we are in- 
debted for the plant here represented, which flowered in the 

Orchideous house at Kew. . ™J» 

Descr. Bhizome creeping, rooting, bearing several flat nearly 
orbicular pseudobulbs, about the size of a shilling, green fleshy ; 
from the top edge of these a solitary, oblong, fleshy, P»^/*P- 
pears ; and from the base of these arises the ^cemef powers mj 
hvacteated peduncle about as long as the raceme itsetf ; br acteas 
from a broad, amplexicaul, and sheathing base, —™} e ^& 
bracts are upon the raceme, one at the base of each flow^ 
Mowers twelve to fourteen on a raceme These are so admirabl } 
deseribed by Dr. Lindley, that I shall use his own words i 
"The three sepals are narrow, and taper to a FtFJf^ 
externally, dull chocolate-brown in the inside, ihe petals are 



DECEMBER 1ST, 1861. 



minute, slender-pointed scales, shorter than the column, and 
not discoverable without disturbing the sepals. The column is 
dwarf, and terminated in part by two, long, curved horns. The 
anther is a little round lid, beautifully studded with crystalline 
points. The lip is one of the most extraordinary organs known 
even among Orchidaceous plants : it is a long, narrow, flexuose, 
sharp-pointed body, closely covered with a yellow felt ; just 
within its point there is a deep-purple bear d of exceedingly fine 
compact hairs ; on the under side, at a little distance from the 
point of the lip, is another such beard; and besides these there 
is, at the end of the lip, a brush, consisting of very long purple 
threads, so excessively delicate, that the slightest disturbance of 
the air sets them in motion, when they wave gently to and fro, 
like a tuft of threads cut from a spider's web ; of the last-men- 
tioned hairs some are of the same thickness throughout, others 
terminate in an oblong club, so that when the hairs are waving 
in the air (and I do not know that they are ever entirely at rest) 
a part floats along gracefully and slowly, while the others are 
impelled by the weight of the glandular extremities to a more 
rapid oscillation. Nor is this all ; the lip itself, with its yellow 
felt, its two beards, and its long purple brushes, is articulated 
with the column by such a very slight joint, that to breathe upon 
it is sufficient to produce a rocking movement, so conspicuous 
and protracted, that one is really tempted to believe that there 
must be something of an animal nature infused into this most 
unplant-like production." . 



Fig. 1. Front view of a flower. 2. Side view of ditto. 3. Column, and minute 
petals. 4. Labellum, seen from above. 5. Club-shaped apex of the long hairs 
of the lip : — all more or less magnified.