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Full text of "Curtis's botanical magazine."

CURTIS'S 



BOTANICAL MAGAZINE, 



COMPRISING THE 



pants of tf)t ftopal Gartens of With) 

AND 

OF OTHER BOTANICAL ESTABLISHMENTS IN GREAT BRITAIN; 
WITH SUITABLE DESCKIFriONS; 

BY 

SIR WILLIAM JACKSON HOOKER", K.H., D.C.L. Oxon., 

F.I..S., CORRESPONDING MEMBER OF THE ACADEMY OP SCIENCES OP THE IMPERIAL INSTITUTE 
OF FRANCE, AND DIRECTOR OF THE ROYAL GARDENS OF KEW. 



VOL. XVIII. 

OP THE THIRD SERIES; 
(Or Yol.LXXXVIII. of the Whole Work) 




" Ilftired leisure 
That in trim gardens takes his pleasure.' 



Mo. 6< 



LONDON: 
LOVELL REEVE k CO., HENRIETTA STREET, COVENT GARDEN. 

1862. 




I 



JOHN' SDWABS TAYLOR, PRINT, 
I.ITTLE QTJB] FIELDS. 



TO 

THOMAS BELL, ESQ., V.P.R.S., F.G.S., 

LATE PBESIDENT OF THE LINNEAN SOCIETY, 
PEOFESSOE OF ZOOLOGY IN KING'S COLLEGE, LONDON, 

ETC., ETC., ETC., 

C{re present Volume is gtfctka&u, 

IN PBOOF OE. 

THE ESTEEM IN WHICH HIS SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE AND TALENTS 

AEE HELD EY THE PUBLIC, AS WELL AS 

BY 

HIS FAITHFUL AND ATTACHED FE1END, 

THE AUTHOE. 



Eoval Gabdens, Kew, 
December 31, 1862. 



>:■■•> 




Tab. 5289. 
STANHOPEA Wardii. 

Mr. Ward's Stanhopea. 



Nat. Ord. Orchide.e — Gynandria Monandria. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 5278.) 



Stanhopea Wardii; racemo pendulo raultifloro, sepalis lateralibus subrotundo- 
oblongis concavis acutis basi alte connatis, petalis lanceolatis revolutis, hv- 
pocbilio sessili angusto saccato intus tuberculato medio angustiore margi- 
nibus approximatis depressis complanatis basi connatis, mesochibo utnnque 
cornuto in medio sinu cornuum foveato, epichilio cornuum longitudine sub- 
rotundo-ovato acuto indiviso marginibus recurvis. Lindl. 

Stanhopea Wardii. Loddiges in I'M. Lindl. Sertum Orclddaceum, ft. 20. 
Knowles and Westcott, t. 90. 



Dr. Lindley has given a good figure and description of this 
plant ; but our specimen, from the Kew Orchideous House, is 
singularly fine in the size and number of flowers on the raceme, 
and also in the colouring of the perianth,— there a clear bright 
yellow, here a deep golden-orange, but with smaller and fainter 
spots on the sepals and petals. The fragrance of the blossoms 
is very powerful. Our plants were received from Guatemala, 
and the flowers were in perfection in August. It differs, Dr. 
Lindley says, from Stanhopea quadricornrs, in the lower part 
of the lip not having the strong horn on each side ; from S. ocu- 
lata, in the lip being sessile, not stipitate, and a great deal shorter 
in proportion to the other parts ; and from S. saccata, Batem., in 
the middle segment of the lip being three-lobed, in the sharpness 
of the petals, and in the form of the horns of the lip. Indeed, 
the chief distinctive characters of the species of Stanhopea are 
derived from the labellum ; there is great uniformity in the rest 
of the flower, and still more in the pseudobulbs and foliage. 
One of the most striking features of this flower is the colour of 
the cavity formed at the base of the lip, lined as it were with 
dark velvety purple, reflecting a silvery light, and giving it the 
appearance of being frosted. This plant, in full flower, has a 



JANUARY 1ST, 1862. 



fine effect when suspended from the rafters in a flat basket or 
dish, the pseudobulbs and leaves erect, and the noble panicle 
of rich golden flowers originating in and pendent from the base 
of the pseudobulbs. 



Fig. 1. Column and lip, separated from the rest of the flower, — magnified. 



5290. 




WFita^deLetlith.. 



Afmcent Brooks. Imp 



Tab. 5290. 

RHODANTHE Manglesii, var maculata. 

Mangles Rhodanthe, spotted-flowered var. 



Nat. Ord. Composite. — Syngenesia ^Equalis. 
Gen. Char. {Fide supra, Tab. 5283.) 



Rhodanthe Manglesii. 

Rhodanthe Manglesii. Lindl. Bot. Beg. t. 1703. Hook. Bot. Mag. t. 3483. 
Don, Brit. Fl. Gard. ser. 2. t. 295. Be Cand. Prodr. v. 6. p. 159. Lekm. 
Enum. PI. Preiss. v. 1. p. 447. Paxton, Mag. of Bot. v. Z.p. 173. Fl. des 
Serres, v. 6. p. 622. 

Var. sanguinea ; floribus eximie purpureo-sanguineis, disco atro-sanguineo. 

Rhodanthe Manglesii, var. sanguinea. Hook. Bot. Mag. t. 5283. 

Rhodanthe sanguinea. Hort. 

Var. maculata ; floribus duplo majoribus extus pallide roseis fere albis, radii in- 
volucralis basi atro-purpureis, disco flavo. (Tab. Nostr. 5290.) 

Rhodanthe maculata. Drummond, MSS., et Hort. 



Dr. Lindley, the author of the genus and species, says of this 
plant, — " Its season of perfection is May and June, at which 
time there is nothing in the gardens that equals it in beauty, 
for it possesses the brilliancy of the Cape Helichrysa, without 
their stiffness and formality." And that was said nearly thirty 
years ago, when the more common condition of the species only 
was known to us, and well figured by Dr. Lindley, Bot. Reg. 
t. 1703, and by us in the present work, Tab. 3483; but Mr. 
Drummond, who may be called par excellence the " Swan River 
Botanist," long since called our attention to dried specimens of 
two beautiful varieties which grew wild in Western Australia ; 
to the one he gave the name of sanguinea, to the other maculata. 
The first of these we published lately at our Tab. 5283,* and 
the other we have now the pleasure to give on the accompanying 
plate ; and both have been derived from the same source, Mr. 
Thompson, of Ipswich, who raised them from Western Australian 

* By an accident Mr. Thompson's name was omitted as the importer of that 
plant. 

jamaky 1st, 1S62. 



seeds sent by Drunimond, and to whom a certificate of merit 
was awarded by the Floral Committee of the Royal Horticultural 
Society. This is much the finest kind of the three, the flowers 
being twice as large as the other two, the disk yellow; the inside 
of the involucral ray is bright rose-colour, dark purple at the base, 
and the rest of the involucral scales externally of a satiny, pale 
pinkish- white. 



Fig. 1. Inner involucral scale. 
all magnified. 



2. Floret. 3. Plumose hair of the pappus : — 



5291. 




- Brooks, Imp. 



Tab. 5291. 
MALORTIEA gracilis. 

Slender Malortiea. 



Nat. Orel. Palmes.— Moncecia decandria. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 5247.) 



Malortiea gracilis; foliis longe petiolatis, lamina anibitu late ovato-quadrata 
apice dimidiato-bipartita, segmentis integris v. in pinnulas paucas basi re- 
motas fissis, basin versus fenestratim fissis, apicibus grosse et irregulariter 
lobulatis lobis dentatis, spadice gracili apicem versus subfastigiatim rainoso, 
rarius erectis floriferis, spathis parvis ad divisuras spadicis bracteaeforniibus, 
floribus sparsis masculis et fcemineis in eodem spadice, calycis lobis rotun- 
datis, petalis patulis, starainibus sub-10, in. fl. masc. filameutis filiforini- 
subulatis antheris oblongis, in fl. foam, antheris effcetis tubo calycis sessi- 
libus, ovario ovoideo, in stylum brevem attenuato, stigmatibus 3 recurvis. 

Malortiea gracilis. JFendland, Index Palmar urn, p. 28. 

Cham^dorea fenestrata. Hort. Parment. 

Cham.erops fenestrata. Hort. Amstd. 

Geonoma fenestrata. Mackoy. 



Under Plate 5247 of this work we have figured another speeies 
of this singularly graceful genus of dwarf Palms, and alluded to 
the subject of the present plate as a congener. Since that time 
we have found a reference to the description of the genus in 
Bot. Zeit. 1S54, p. 494, being published in the ' Allgemeine 
Garten Zeitung, etc.,' Jahrg. xxi., a work which we unfortunately 
do not possess. Not knowing fully Mr. Wendland's views as to 
the structure and limits of the genus, we must still refrain from 
publishing a generic character, but may remark that the genus 
appears to differ from Chamadorea mainly in the numerous (ten 
to twelve) stamens of the male flower, and ring of abortive sta- 
mens in the tube of the inner perianth of the female. It is a 
native of Guatemala. 

Descr. A dwarf very graceful Palm, about eighteen inches to 
two feet high. Stem slender, ringed. Leaves on slender petioles, 
little more than a span long, and as broad ; split to the rachis 

JANUARY 1ST, 1862. 



at the apex, the two halves in lobes. Lobes divaricating, each 
quadrate, entire or split into one or two broad pinnules, with 
lobulate toothed margins, also split partially at the rachis so as 
to present a fenestrated appearance. Spadiw strict, erect, pedun- 
cled, branched in a somewhat fastigiate manner towards the 
apex. Branches simple, angled. Flowers scattered along the 
branches, sessile, male and female on the same branch. Cali/cine 
lobes rounded; petaline triangular-oblong, valvate. Stamens 
about ten to twelve. 



Fig. 1 . Diminished portrait of the whole Palm. 2. Leaf. 3. Spadix,— na- 
tural size. 4. Male flowers. 5. One removed. 6. Female flowers. 7. The 
same laid open : — all magnified. 



5292. 




Ettfch,de 



Tab. 5292. 
ANEMIOPSIS California. 

Californian Jnemiopsis. 



Nat. Ord. Sai rmUBKJK. — Hexandria Monogynta. 

Gen. Char. Involucrvm 5— 8-pbyllnm, coloratum. Spadix simplex; floribus 
hermaphroditis, bracteatis. Peri e mt kitm nullum. Stamina epigyna, 6 nunc 8 ; 
flamenta crassa. Antheree ovales, biloculares ; loculis lateralibus conncctivo 
crasso disjunctis. Styli 3 nunc 4 ; ovaria coadimata, apicc hiantia, 1-locularia. 
Placenta 3-4 inter stylos lateralis, pauciovulatas. Fructus cum spadice coales- 
cens. Capsuhr. uniloculares, 3-4-valves, apice solo dehiscentes, sub-6-spermsc. 
Semina subrotunda, punctulata. — Ylerhs. perennis, snhaquatica, .stolon if era. Caulis 
monophyllus, proli/erus, monocephahis. Folia radicalia. stipulata, cordato-obova- 
lia, ohtum, petiolata ; cnulinum. amplexicanle. 



Anemiopsis Californica. 

Axemiopsis Californica (under the gen. name Anemia). Nuft. in Tayl. Annals of 
Nat. Hist. v. 1. p. 136. Hook, and Am. Bot. of Beech. Voy. p. 390. t. 92. 



This remarkable plant was first detected by Nuttall at San 
Diego, Upper California, and some of his original specimens are 
preserved in our herbarium. Our next were received from 
Douglas, and from the late Dr. Sinclair collected during the sur- 
veying voyage of H.M.S. Sulphur, on the American Pacific coasts; 
from Dr. Coulter, from Fremont's collections, n. 472 ; and since, 
from Zacatecas, Hartweg, n. 4, and New Mexico. Our specimens 
here figured were raised by Mr. Wheeler from Californian seeds, 
and we are glad to be able to illustrate so rare and little-known 
a plant from living individuals. 

Descr. The root is perennial, fusiform, and often fasciculate. 
Leaves nearly all radical, long-petiolate, elliptical, subcordate at 
the base, obtuse, blunt, entire, with few pinnated veins ; petioles 
hairy, sheathing at the base. Stem, or perhaps rather scape, 
hairy, longer than the leaves, erect, terete, monophyllous ; the 
leaf sessile, and frequently bearing a young plant from its axil. 
Spadix at first short, erect, conical, clothed with hermaphrodite 
flowers, without any perianth, but subtended by an involucre of 

JANUARY 1ST, 1862. 



about six, oblong, spreading, white bracts, of which the three 
inner are spotted with red : these are persistent, and as the fruc- 
tification advances they are reflected, and turn brown : there are 
also several white, spathulate bracts among the flowers. Each 
jlower consists of a pistil, with three, blunt, subulate, moderately 
spreading, or rather erecto-patent, styles. The ovary is one- 
celled, and is incorporated with, and immersed in, the substance 
of the spadix ; and from the summit of this ovary are six sta- 
mens, three alternating with the styles, and three opposite to 
them. Stigmas obtuse. Ovules in three clusters, from vertical 
persisting receptacles. 



Fig. 1. Transverse section of a spadix, with flowers, and the smaller interior 
bracts. 2. Flower, cut out from the spadix. 3. Transverse section of the 
ovarv. 4. Stamen. 5. One of the inner bracts : — all more or less magnified. 



Tab. 5293. 
ONCIDIUM EXCAVATUM. 

Excavated Oncidium. 



Nat. Orel. ORCHiDEiE. — Gynandria Monandria. 

Gen. Char. Perionthium explanatum. Sepala sa-pius undulatu; lateraiibus 
nunc sub labello coimatis. Petula conforrnia. Labellum maximum, ecalearatum, 
cum columns continuum, vane lobatum, basi tuberculatum v. cristatum. Co- 
lumna libera, seiniteres, apice utrinque alata. Anthera semibilocularis ; roslello 
nunc abbreviate, nunc elongato-rostrato. Pollinia 2, postice sulcata ; caudicula 
plana, glandula oblonga. — Herb* epiphytce, nunc pseudobulbar. Folia coriacea. 
Scapi panicnlati, vat/inri/i, rurius simplices. Flores speciosi, lutei, stppius maculati, 
raro albi. Lindl. 



Oncidium excavatum ; pseudobulbis oblongis compressis basi apiceque foliosis, 
foliis lineari-oblongis, " bracteis squamseformibus membranaceis acntis, Be* 
palis lateraiibus obovatis obtusis liberis supremo concavo acuto, petalis 
membranaceis oblongis retusis basi angustatis, labello sessili pandurato 
apice rotundato emarginato sellaeformi basi qordato convexo fornicatim ex- 
cavato, columnar alis retusis rotundatis." Lindl. 

Oncidium excavatum. Lii/d. in Sort. Orchid, sub t. 25. Bot. Beg. 1839. Misc. 
n. 150. Paxt. Fl. Gard. v. 1, under t. 21. Lindl. Fol. Orchid. Gen. 
Oncid.p. 27. 

B. aurosum, Lindl.; "flowers deep-brown in the middle, crest very rugose with 
a thin vertical plate interposed between the front lateral ridges." Lindl. I.e. 

Oncidium aurosum. Bchb. in Bonpl. v. 1. 1854. 



The labours of Dr. Lindley among the Orchideous plants are 
beyond all praise. Of the genus Oncidium alone he has de- 
scribed a hundred and ninety-eight species, exclusive of eleven 
" insufficiently known," and he has abolished many bad species. 
No representation of the present very handsome kind has been 
anywhere given, and it is probably yet cultivated in few collec- 
tions. We are indebted for our knowledge of the plant To 
Thomas Dawson, Esq., of Meadowbank, Uddingston, on the 
banks of the Clyde. It was purchased by him, at a sale in 
Glasgow, as " Oncidium, from Honduras." Dr. Lindley pro- 
nounces it to be his 0. excavatum, described from Peruvian 
specimens in the Hookerian Herbarium, gathered by Matthews 

JANUARY 1ST, 1862. 



and others from the sources of the Maranon, detected by War- 
szewicz. It may certainly be reckoned among the finest species 
of the genus, from its ample panicle, large size of the flowers, 
and the rich golden-yellow of the perianth, and the dark cinna- 
mon-coloured spots. It is easily distinguished from its con- 
geners, by " the base of the labellum being very convex, a little 
hollowed out in front, and excavated with a deep pit on the 
under side," — only to be seen by looking at the back of the 
flower, and putting aside the two lateral sepals. It is this cavity 
which suggested to the author the specific name. 

The pseudobulbs and leaves were unknown to Dr. Lindley 
when he published his description. The former are four to five 
inches long, ovate-oblong, compressed, subsulcate. The leaves 
are a foot to one and a half foot long ; two arise from the sum- 
mit of the pseudobulbs, and three to five spring from its base : 
the latter have broad, sheathing bases. 



Fig. 1. Column and labellum, seen from nbo\e.—v/ciffm/ied. 



5Wlr. 




Vincent Brooks, Imp- 



Tab. 5294. 
CLERODENDRON calamitosum, 

Hurtful Clerodendron. 



Nat. Ord. Verbenace,e. — Didynamia Angiospekmia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx campanulatus, rarius tubulosus, interdura pcntagonus et 
subinflatus, 5-fidus vel 5-dentatus, rarissime truncatus. Corolla infnrulibularis 
vel subhypocraterimorpha ; tubo ssepissime calycera couspicue excedente ititerdum 
longissimo ; limbo 5-partito laciniis supcrioribus paulo magis approximntis sub- 
insequali, vel laciniis inferioribus magis minusve adscendentibus obliquo, inuno 
subsecundo. Stamina 4, corollas tubo inserta, longe exserta, subdidynama ; an- 
tJiera supra basin inserts, basi fissee, biloculares, loculis parallels, rima lotigitu- 
dinali dehiscentibus. Ovarium 4-loculare, loculis 1-ovulatis; ovulo in spermo- 
phoro angulo centrali adnato, pendulo. Stylus fdiformis, exsertus, stigmate bifklo 
acuto. Brupa calyce ampliato insidens vel inclusa, baccata vel carnosa, quadri- 
vcl siepius abortu rnono-di-tri-pyrena, saepius 2-4-loba, pyrenis maturitate dis- 
tinctis unilocularibus, putamine lignoso laevi. Semen solitarium, erect urn. Coty- 
ledones oleosse, applicatae ; radicula brevis, infera. — Frutices vel arbores inter tro- 
picos veteris orbis, imprimis vero Asia, copiose, in America vero parce crescentes. 
Folia opposita vel tenia, limplieia, Integra vel rarius lobata, phyllopodio interdnm 
prominente persistenti insidentia. Cymae trichotomy vel axillares, vel in paniculam 
terminalem collects. Schau. 



Clerodendron calamitosum ; ramulis obsolete tetragonis petiolis pedunculisque 
pube hirtella subcanescentibus, foliis membranaceis oppositis ellipticis in 
petiolum acuminatis vel attenuatis obtusis acuminatisve a medio grosse et 
inaequaliter serrato-dentatis adultis utrinque praeter nervos glabriusculis 
opacis, panicula terminali subfastigiata brachiata inferne foliosa, cymis se- 
mel bisve trifidis folium subsequantibus brevioribusve, calyce puberulo 5-par- 
tito patente, laciniis linearibus acutis, corollas tubo puberulo calycem qua- 
druplo excedente. Schau. 

Clerodendron calamitosum. Linn. Mant. v. 1. p. 90. Be Cand. Trodr. v. 11. 
p. 663. 

Volkameria alternifolia. Burm. Fl. Lid. p. 137. t. 44. 



This is a modest, unobtrusive plant, with its pure white blos- 
soms, as compared with the gorgeous scarlet-flowered species 
now commonly cultivated in our stoves, such as Clerodendron in- 
fortunatum, squamatum, fallax, glandulosum, Bethttneanum, etc. 
It is a native of Java, but though figured and described by 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1862. 



Burmann, in his 'Flora Indica,' nearly a century ago, it has 
only recently been known in our gardens. 

Inquiries are often made why species of Clerodendron have re- 
ceived the specific names of fortunatum, infortunatum, and ca- 
lamitosum. The earlier known species were supposed to have 
medicinal properties, and of various qualities ; and hence the 
generic name, from kA^/jos, a lot, or anything used in determining 
chances, and 8ev8pov, a tree. The first of the species just named, 
being good for the colic, was called fortunatum ; two suspected 
of being injurious or poisonous were called infortunatum and 
calamitosum. 



Fig. 1. Calyx and pistil, — slightly magnified. 



Tab. 5295. 
ARISTOLOCHIA arborea. 

Tree Aristolochia. 



Nat. Ord. Aristolochie.e. — Gynandria Hexandria. 

Gen. Char. Flores hermaphroditi. Perigonium coloratura, tubulosum ; tuho 
_nferne cum ovario connato, supra ovarium veutricoso, recto v. curvato ; Umbo 
obliquo, ligalato, nunc bi-trifido. Stamina 6, disco epigyno inserta ; f /amenta 
brevissima, subnulla; antheree extrorsae, biloculares, dorso stylo adnata. Ovarium 
inferum sexloculare. Uvula plurima, loculorum angulo ccntrali uniseriatim af- 
fixa, borizontalia, anatropa. Stylus brevis ; stigma radiato-sexpartiturn. Capttda 
coriacea, nnda, sexlocularis, loculicido 6-valvis. Semina plurima, bracteata ; testa 
coriacea, membranaceo-marginata ; raphe lata, fungoso-suberosa, infera, in cha- 
lazam apicalem impressam desinente. Embryo in basi axeos albuminis den>e 
carnosi v. coruei minimus ; radicula centripeta. — Herbae v. frntices erecti, pro- 
strati, scandentes vel volubi/es, inter tropicos obvii, nee in regionibus extratropicis 
temperatis rari, e Capite Bonce-Spei exules ; foliis alternis, integris integerrimis 
vel lobatis; pedunculis axillaribus, uiii-bi-multiftoris ; floribus quandoque maximis, 
utplurimum luridis. Endl. 



Aristolochia arborea; subarborescens, trunco 6-8-pedali erecto ramoso, ra- 
mis teretibus dense fusco-pubescenti-tomentosis flexuosis subnodosis, foliis 
spithamasis ad bipedalibus alternis brevi-petiolatis oblongo-ellipticis acumi- 
natis pinnatim venosis, subtus pubescenti-villosis reticulatisque, floribus fas- 
ciculato-paniculatis, paniculis e basi trunci e^redientibus subsessilibus 
paucifloris, perianthio tubuloso-subinfundibuliformi subcoriaceo-carnoso, 
tubo inflato duplicato-flexuoso striato, limbo obliquo amplo cucullato reti- 
culato apice subito inflexo-acuminato, intus ore processu orbiculari elevato 
disciformi puberulo-glanduloso clauso, stylo antherifero brevi, stigmate ob- 
tuse subumbilicato vix lobato. 

Aristolochia arborea. Linden, Cat. 13. 1858,*^. 6. 



A beautiful young, healthy, flowering plant of this most re- 
markable species of Aristolochia, was presented to the Royal 
Gardens by Mr. Linden, about three feet high, which he had 
lately introduced from New Granada, and to which he had given 
the specific name we here adopt, of arborea. The voyage and 

* Mr. Linden adds to the name, " Arbuste non grimpant, de 6 a 8 pieds de 
hauteur, remarquable par des feuilles tres-amples de 2 pieds de longueur a reflets 
bleuatres. Decouvert par M. Ghiesbrecht dans les forets de Chiapas." 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1862. 



journey had so far shaken off the flowers, that it was found ne- 
cessary to send the plant immediately to the artist to be figured, 
and thus an opportunity was lost to us of carefully examin- 
ing, while recent, the interior of the flower ; but I am sure the 
figures of Mr. Fitch are to be depended upon ; and it is hence 
evident that at the faux or mouth of the tube is an elevated large 
circular disk, velvety on the surface, apparently closing the whole 
aperture. I am not aware of anything of the kind being found 
in other species of the genus. In general habit this species has 
some affinity with our Arisiolochia Thwaitesii* figured and de- 
scribed at Tab. 4918 of this work ; but there the panicles spring 
rather from excrescences of the root than from the trunk itself, 
but those flowers exhibited no internal structure such as we here 
represent. 



Fig. I. Corolla, with limb and upper part of the tube removed, showing the 
large elevated disk which closes the faux, — slightly magnified. 2. Styk and 
stigma, with the anthers, — more magnified. 



* I am glad to have the opportunity of correcting an error into which I have 
fallen, in stating that that plant was a native of Ceylon, communicated to us by 
Mr. Thwaites. An excellent friend assures us that such is not the case, nor am 
I able to trace its origin. I possess however another allied but very distinct 
new species of Arisiolochia from St. Martha, New Granada (Mr. Purdie), with 
very copious panicles arising from subradicant tubercles. I think it probable our 
plant figured at Tab. 4918 is, as well as the present, from Tropical America. 



5296 




t Brooks,!^ 



Tab. 5296. 
MAXILLARIA venusta. 

Graceful Maxillaria. 



Nat. Orel. Orciiide.e. — Gynandria Monandria. 

Gen. Char. Pirianth'um connivens, raro patens. Sepala lateralia cum basi 
producta coluranae connata. Pttala subconformia. Labellum trilobnm, cucul- 
latura, sessile, cum basi producta columns: articulatum. Cohimna seiniteres, ap- 
tera. Anthera subbilocularis. Pollitiia 2, bipartibilia v. intcgra, caudicula brevi, 
glandnla transversa. — Epiphytse {Americana) pseudobulbar, acaules vel caulex- 
centes. Folia plicata v. coriacea. Pedunculi radicales axillares vel terminates, 
tini v. multifiori. Lindl. 



Maxillaria venusta; pseudobulbis oblongis, compressis kevibus viridibus 
2-phyllis, foliis oblongo-lanceolatis, brevi acuminatis subcoriaceis laevihus 
interne longe attenuatis, pedunculis radicalibus intense rubris vaginato-brac- 
teatis unifloris, folio brevioribus flore subnutante arnplo, sepalis petalisqne 
patentibus lanceolatis longe acuminatis albis, petalis lateralibus majoribus 
basi latioribus sublonge productis, labello periantbio multo breviore cum 
columna prolongata articulato trilobo, disco callo rotundato tomentoso, lo- 
bis subajqualibus, intermedio ovato obtuso luteo, lateralibus valde obtusis 
albis rubro-rnarginatis, subtus maculis duabus rotundatis rubris. 

Maxillaria venusta. " Lindl. Reich, fil. Orchid. Schlimmianee " in Bonplandia, 
1854, p. 277. 

Maxillaria Anatomorum? Reichb.Jil. in Bot. Zeit. v. 10. p. 935, et in Xenia 
Orchid, v. L. p. 188. t. 67. 



This charming plant was communicated for publication in the 
'Botanical Magazine' by Mr. Tucker, gardener to G. Reed, Esq., 
of Burnham, Somerset. Dr. Lindley has referred the specimen, 
and no doubt correctly, to his M. venusta of the ' Orchideae 
Schlimmianse.' Dr. Hooker and myself had considered it to be 
identical with, or only a more perfect specimen of, the M. Ana- 
tomorum of Reich, fil., first published in Bot. Zeit., and then in 
his * Xenia Orchidacea/ with a figure ; and I should still be dis- 
posed to believe it to be the same, but that Dr. Reichenbach has 
expressed a different opinion ; for he says of M. Anatomorum, 
"Affinis M. venusta, Fendl. Reichb. fil., sepalis angustioribus, la- 
belli angusti lobis lateralibus obtusatis supra discum non intran- 

february 1st, 1862. 



tibus ;" and of M. venusta, "Aff. M. Jnatomorum, Reichb. fil., 
floribus duplo majoribus, sepalis multo latioribus, labelli trilobi 
lobis lateralibus angulatis lobo medio triangulo margine revoluto, 
callo triangulo in disco ante sinus loboruru lateralium, tota su- 
perficie furfuraceo, rostello obtuse dentato." I think it safest 
to adopt Dr. Lindley's name. The species is a native of Ocaila, 
New Granada, at an altitude of 5-6000 feet above the level of 
the sea. It flowered in great beauty in Mr. Reed's stove in 
October, 1861. 



Fig. I. Column and labellura, with the upper part of the ovary. 2. Pollen- 
masses : -magnified. 



5W\ 




WFitdv,del at 



Vmcam. Brocks, Imf 



Tab. 5297. 

crocus ochroleucus. 

Cream-coloured Crocus. 



Nat. Ord. Iride.e. — Triandria Tiugvnia. 

Gen. Char. Perigonium corollinum superum, infundibuliforme ; tubo elongato ; 
limbi sexpartiti laciniis interioribus paulo minoribus, erecto-patentibus. Sta- 
mina 3, fauci perigonii inserta, erecta, inclusa ; jilamenta filiformia ; anthers 
sagittatae basifixae. Ovarium inferum, obtuse trigonum. Ovula plurima in locu- 
lorum angulo centrali biseriata, adscendentia, anatropa. Stylus filiformis, elon- 
gatus ; stigmata 3, dilatata, cuneata, carnosa, apicibus cncullata et denticulate. 
Capsula membranacea, trigona, trilocularis, loculicido-trivalvis. Semina plu- 
rima, subglobosa; testa coriacea, camosula, ad umbilicum rugulosa; raphe tenui 
ad chalazara apicalera excurrente. Embryo axilis, albumine corneo multo brevior, 
extremitate radiculari umbilicum spectante, infera. — Herbse in Europa et Asia 
m dia et in regione Medilerranea indigence, acaules ; foliis angnste linearibus ; 
floribus radicalibus magnis speciosis ; ovariis subhypogceis ; nonnullce ob peculiares 
stigmatum qualitates etiam cultce. Endl. 



Crocus ochroleucus; tunicis radicalibus tenuiter membranaceis fuscis, vaginis 
ternis elongatis incequalibus, foliis synanthiis latiusculis glabris, scapo elon- 
gato nudo, spatha diphylla acuminata vaginis plerumque inclusa, perigonii 
tubo limbo duplo longiore, fauce flavida glabra, laciniis ellipticis obtusis pal- 
lide ochroleucis, antheris albidis, styli divisionibus lougis apice dilatato 
breviter denticulatis. Boiss. 

Crocus ocbroleucus. Boiss. et Gaillardot, in Boiss. Biagn. Blunt. Nov. Orient, 
ser. 2. n. 4>.p. 93. 



One would almost have supposed that the labours of the late 
Hon. and Rev. Wm. Herbert, among the species of the favourite 
genus Crocus, had exhausted the subject : but recent researches 
in the East, of M. Boissier and his botanical friends, have added 
six new species to our catalogue, among which is the present 
very elegant and delicate one. 

It was discovered by M. Gaillardot, " in cultis argillosis Li- 
bani, prope Scanderoun supra Sidonem," flowering in the middle 
of December. Bulbs of the same species were collected by Dr. 
Hooker in October of 1861, in the same neighbourhood, that 
is, on the Anti-Lebanon. Being planted, and gently forced with 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1862. 



heat, and removed to a cool greenhouse, they produced their 
charming cream-coloured blossoms with a yellow eye, in De- 
cember of the following year. M. Boissier speaks of its nearest 
affinity being Crocus Boryi, which, besides the slenderer leaves, 
differs in the deeply multifid divisions of the style, and from C. 
Pestalozza, by the latter having exceedingly narrow foliage, in the 
flowers thrice smaller, and in the branches of the style entire at 
the apex ; a very unusual character. 



Fig. 1. Tube of the perianth laid open, showing the three stamens. 2. Por- 
tion of the style and stigmas : — magnified. 



I 



5298 




WRt^Kid etMx 



Yi-ncerl BrodtelTT? 



Tab. 5298. 
iris longipetala. 

Lonp-petaled Iris. 

Nat. Ord. Iride.e. — Tbiandria Trigynia. 

(Jen. Char. Perigoniurn corollinum superum ; tubo brevi, limbi 6-partiti laciniis 
exterioribus saspissime reflexo et basi barbatis vel rarius nudis ; interioribus 
erectis, saepe minoribus v. nonnunquam minimis. Stamina 3, perigonii laciniis 
exterioribus basi inserta ; Jilamenta filiformia v. subulata ; antherce oblongae, basi- 
fixae. Ovarium inferum, obsolete trigonum, triloculare. Ovula plurima, in locu- 
lorum angulo centrali biscriata, horizontalia, anatropa. Stylus triqueter, basi 
saepius cum perigonii tubo connatus ; stigmata 3, petaloideo-dilatata, supra cari- 
nata, subtus canaliculata, plica transversa bilabiata, staminibus opposita. Capsula 
coriacea, trigona vel bexagona, trilocularis, apice loculicido-trivalvis. Semina 
plurima, horizontalia, compresso-plana, raarginata ; raphe tenui, intra testaui 
laxam libera. Embryo axilis, albumine carnoso multo brevior, extremitate radi- 
culari umbilicum attingente, infera. — Herbse perennes, in hemupheera boreali tem- 
perata obvia, nonnv.llee aquatica ; rhizomate tuberoso vel rarius bulboso ; foliis 
grammeis, interdttm 4>-a>igularibus, saepiwime ensatis, equitantibus ,- caule scepius 
compresso, ramoso ; floribus speciosis, magnis, Urmiualibus, solitarm v. spicatis ; 
spathis uni-multijloris. Endl. 



Iris longipetala ; imberbis, foliis augustis (sub-^-unciam latis) erectis acutis 
caulem solidum bracteatum aliquantulum superantibus, spatha bi-triflora, 
valvis acutis (circiter 8J-uncialibus) germen oblongum superantibus, pedun- 
culis sesquiuncialibus tubo brevi (|-unc. libero vix T ' 7 solido), petalis se- 
palisque angustis longitudine subaequalibus (circiter 2£ uncias) cristas styli 
duplo fere superantibus, perianthii colore albo pulcherrirae purpureo-venoso 
medio flavo. Herb. 

Iris longipetala. Herb, in Hook, et Am. Bot. of Beech. Voy. p. 395. 



Two new species of Iris were detected by the naturalists of 
Captain Beechey's Voyage of H. ML surveying ship Sulphur, 
in California, both very distinct from any other known of this 
extensive genus : these are Iris Douglasiana, Herbert in Hook, 
and Arn. Bot. of Beechey's Voyage, and J. long'qwtala, I. c. p. 
395. Tubers of the latter species have been received at the 
Royal Horticultural Society, and a specimen was kindly sent to 
us by Mr. Thomas Moore, from the garden at Chiswick, last 
summer (1861), from which the accompanying figure is taken. 
It seems quite hardy, and will prove a great ornament to our 
flower-gardens. 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1862. 



.5M9. 







WncentBrcK 



Tab. 5299. 

leea coccinea. 

Scarlct-jlowcred Leea. 



Nat. Ord. Ampelide,e. — Monadelphia Pi:n tandria. 

Gen. Char. Calyx liber, 5-dcntatus, persistens. Corolla toro lamina-formi 
calvcis basim vestienti inserta, cum urceolo staminifero connata, quinquefida, 
laciniis revolutis. Urceolus subglobosus, corolla; basi adnatus, emarginato-5- 
lobus, fauce intus annulo membranacco scmiclausus. Stamina 5, urceoli dorso 
inter ejusdem lobos inserta, petalis opposita ; filamenta introflexa ; antheras ex- 
trorsas, biloculares, utrinque emarginatas, medio dorso insertas, marginibus 
pleramque inter se connatas vel rarius distinctas inter urceolum condeutia. 
Ovarium disco semi-immersum, tri-sexloculare. Ovula in loculis solitaria, ex 
anguli centralis basi adscendentia, anatropa. Stylus brevis, simplex ; stigina sub- 
capitatum. Bacca tri-sexlocularis ; loculis monospermis. Semina erecta ; testa 
ossea, endopleura intra albuminis rugas longitudinaliter profunde immersa. Em- 
bryo parvus, in basi albuminis cartilaginei lobati orthotropus ; cotyledonibus ovatis, 
subfoliaceis,rflf//c?<Zflconica, infera. — Suffrutices re^frutices, interdum arborescentes, 
in Asia tropica, insulis Borbonicis, et Capite Bonee-Spei crescentes ; foliis oppositis, 
uni-bi-tripinnatis ; foliolis integerrimis vel serratis ; petiolis basi dilatata vaginanti- 
bus ; pedunculis oppositifoliis, nunquam in cirrhos conversis, cymoso-decompositis. 
Endl. 



Leea coccinea ; glaberrima, foliis tripinnatis, foliolis petiolulatis pro genere parvis 
(ad extremum sesquipollicem longis) oblongo-lanceolatis caudatis repando- 
dentatis undulatis supra saturate viridibus nitidis, cyma trichotoma, floribus 
confertis brevissime pedicellatis fere sessilibus coccineis, corona? stamineae 
fere ad medium 5-fidse divisuris truncato-subretusis, antheris primum inter 
se connexis mox liberis, stylo incluso. Planch. 

Leea coccinea. Planch, in Hort. Donatensis, p. 6. 

Leea lucida. Lind. Cat. Ann. 1833. 

Panax excelsa et Aralia excelsa. Hortul. Plurim. (Planchon). 



This new species oiLeea has been for some years past cultivated 
in the stoves of European gardens, where it eminently deserves a 
place on account of its neat and graceful habit, and the thick- 
flowered cymes of scarlet flowers ; but its native country is not 
known, though suspected to be Java. In Continental nurseries 
it seems to have passed under the name of Leea lucida (Lin- 
den), and of Panax excelsa and Aralia excelsa, the two last on 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1862. 



no authority whatever. It has lately found a describer in the 
beautiful work ' Hortus Donatensis : ou Catalogue des Plantes 
cultivees dans les Serres de S. Ex. le Prince A. de Dcmidoff a 
San Donato, pres Florence,' edited by Professor Planchon. It 
is the smallest of all known species, and commences flowering 
when the young plants are less than a foot high. 



Pig. 1. Apex of a leaf. 2. Flower. 3. Flower, with the stamens removed 
from the urceolus. 4. Vertical section of a flower, showing the pistil and the 
interior of the urceolus.' 5. Stamen. 0. Pistil and hypogynal disk: — all but 
fig. 1 more or less magnified. 



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Tab. 5300. 

STANHOPEA oculata. 

Eyed Stanhopea. 



Nat. Ord. Orchide^e. — Gynandria Monandria. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 5278.) 



Stanhopea oculata ; bracteis ovariis longe acuminatis duplo brevioribus, hypo- 
chibo unguiculato elongate cymbiformi antice intruso basi ecorni intus lam 
extus bicarinato, mesochilio bicorni carnoso aperte sulcato mutico, epichilio 
ovato mtegro, cornubus semiteretibus ascendentibus acutis, columna late 
alata. Lindl. 

Stanhopea oculata. Lindl. Gen. et. Sp. Orchid, p. 158. Bot. Eea. t 1800 
Lindl. Fol. Orchid, p. 3. 

Ceratochilus oculatus. Lodd. Bot. Cab. t. 1764. 



Native of Mexico, introduced about thirty years ago through 
Mr. Deppe, from Xalapa, by Mr. Loddiges, who published a 
figure of it in 'Botanical Cabinet ' under the name of Ceratochilus 
oculatus. It is powerfully, almost too, odoriferous, scenting the 
whole house with its fragrance ; and the size and number of 
flowers on the spike, and the waxiness and smoothness and 
almost polish of these, together with their strange form, add to 
the interest of the plant. 

Dr. Lindley, m his more recent writings on the genus Stanhopea 
(in ' Folia Orchidacea '), enumerates and describes twenty species, 
most of which are now figured in this work, and he there notices 
the variations in the colouring of the flowers of that now under 
consideration. " These flowers," he says, " are usually lemom 
coloured, with a large number of lilac spots on the sepals, a 
smaller number on the petals, a deep yellow eye, and two, or occa- 
sionally four, large dark brown spots on the side of the hypochil, 
which is very much lengthened out, as if unguiculate ; by the 
latter circumstance it is chiefly known from S. Wardii (our Tab. 
5289) and S. Bucephalus (our Tab. 5278), which latter has a 
long narrow opening to the hypochil, and short ovaries. Nume- 

MARCH 1st, 1862. 



rous varieties occur in our gardens, varying in colour and in the 
spotting of the lip. One, called Barkeriana, looks like 8. insignis, 
with the lip of S. oculata, and is very handsome ; the sepals, 
petals, and column are covered with numerous purple freckles 
rather than spots, which as the flower fades run together, as if 
their colouring matter were dissolved ; so that at last the flower 
becomes of a dull wine-red tint." 



Fig. 1. Column and lip, — slightly magnified. 



5301 




- 



Tab. 5301. 
iochroma grandiflorum. 

Large-flotccred Jochroma, 



Nat. Ord. Solaneje. — Tentanduu Monogynta. 

Gen. Char. Calyx ovato-tulmlosus, medio vontricosus, inmqualitcr 5-dentatu«, 
reticulatus, persistens et sa?pius amv.-cens. Corolla tttbuloM, tubo Longo sub- 
curvato, medio subintlato, calyee 2-fi-plo longiore, limbo brevi subcam])anulato 
5-partito, lobis acutis, sestivatione plieata. Stamina 5, inrbisa aut vix exserta. 
momenta tenuis, glabra vel infra median viQom, corolla? tubo imo adnata, 
infra medium libera. Anther® oblongs, bilooulares, kmgitudinaliter debiscentes. 
Ovarium obovatum, biloculare, oralis plurimis, in dissepimento incrassato utrin- 
que affixis. Stylus filiformis, apice incrassatus, (Tortus staminibus subaequalis. 
Stigma capitato-bilobum. Bacca ovata, calyce inflato inclusa, 2-locularis. Semina 
numerosa, compressa, reniformirrhoinboidea, in pulpa nidulantia, testa scrobicu- 
lata, hilo in sinu laterali perforate Embryo intra albumen earnosum fere semi- 
armularis, tiliformis. — Frutices America? calidioris, tomentosi velpubescentes. Folia^ 
petiolata, Integra. Umbellae vel cymae paucijlore, sessilesvel brevifer pedunculate, 
priittum terminate*, dein laterales. Corollas cyanea vel violacece, speciosce. Dunal. 



Iochroma (§ Cleochroma) grandiflorum; fruticosum, ramis teretibus pubes- 
centibus, foliis late ovatis acuminatis basi rotundatis supra pubescentibus 
subtus pallidioribus subtomentosis pennincrviis, nervis plurimis divaricatis, 
eyma simplici pedunculata tcrminali plurillora pendula, pedunctdo pedicel- 
lisque calyceque inflato pubescenti-tomentosis, corolla) infundibuliformis 
tubo longo pubescente, fauce subcampanulata, limbo araplo lobis 5 triangu- 
laribus patenti-recurvis, filamentis inclusis glaberrimis. 

Iochroma grandiflorum. Benth. in Bol. Reg. v. 31 (1815), sub t. 20. Dunal, 
in Be Cand. Prodr. IS. part I. p. 491. 

Iochroma Warscewiezii. Regel in Ft. den Serres, ser. 2. v. 1. I. 1163. 

Cleochroma grandiflorum. Miers, Jlluslr. of S. Am. Plants, v. I. p. 150. t.32. 



A very handsome species of Iochroma, hardly deserving to 
be held generically distinct, as Mr. Miers is disposed to con- 
sider it, is very beautiful in its large rich purple flowers, which 
compensate for the rather coarse and Solanaceous foliage. It 
was discovered by Mr. Hartweg in mountains of Saraguru, 
Ecuador, and has since been found in Peru by Mr. Lobb and 
also Mr. Warscewicz; but by whom first introduced to our 

march 1st, 1862. 



Gardens, I do not know. It has been some years in cultivation 
at Kew. 

Our plant flowered freely in the stove in November, 1861. 



Fig. 1. Stamen. 2. Pistil: — magnified. 



o.m. 




■: ! 



: BrooTe»,I*i>P 



Tab. 5302. 

LIGULARIA K/EMPFERI; aareo-macidata. 

Kcempfers Ligularia, golden-spotted var. 



Nat. Ord. Composite.— Syngenesia Superflua. 

Gen. Char. Capitulum multiflorum, radiatum ; /. radii ] -serialibus, ligulatia, 
fcemineis srepe biligulatis aut stam. rudimenta retinentibus ; disci tubulosis 5-den- 
tatis liermapbroditis. Inrohicrum eampanulatum, subuniseriale. Receptaculum 
nudum, planum. Stylus disci ramis obtusis, pube longe descendente utrinque 
obsessis,'cono brevissimo superatis. Achenia erostria, sulcata, tcretiuscula, exalata, 
eciliata. Pappus pluriserialis, pilosus, conformis. — Herbse perennes, gerontogea ; 
fere omnes Jsiaticce. Folia aUema, varm. Capitula ampla, flava, in racemum 
thyrsumt'e disposita, aut solitaria longe pedunculata. Be Cand. 



Ligularia Kcempferi ; rliizomate carnoso perenni superne petiolisque elongatis, 
radiculis dense lanatis, foliis junioribus araclmoideis maturis glabris sub- 
rotundo-cordatis margine angulato-sinuatis subdentatisque basi sinu pro- 
fundo, scapo erecto, petiolis longioribus bracteatis lanatis, racemo subcorym- 
boso, capitulis basi bracteolatis, ovariis hirsutis. 

Ligularia Ksempferi. Sieb. et Zuccar. Fl. Jap. v. I. p. 77. t. 35. 

Tussilago Japonica. Linn. Hart. p. 113. TJtunb. Jap. p. 313. Banks, Ic. 
Kampf. t. 27, 28. Willd. Sp. PI. v. 3. p. 1968. 

Senecio Kaempferi. Be Cand. Prodr. v. 6. p. 363. 

Arnica tussilaginea folio. Burmann, Fl. bid. p. 1S2. 

Tsowa seu Tswa. Kcempf. Amcen. p. 827. 

Doronicum Tussilaginis folio ex insula Chusan, etc. PluJc. Amalth. p. 71. 
t. 390./. 6. 

Farfugium Kaempferi. Benth. Fl. Hongkong, p. 191 ? 

Var. aureo-maculata ; foliis maculis suborbicularibus majusculis aureo-flavis 
pietis. (Tab. Nostr. 5302.) 

Farfugium grande. Lindl. in Gard. Chron. 1857, p. 4. 



This plant, so remarkable, when judiciously managed, for the 
beauty of its foliage, and now well known in our gardens under 
the name of Farfugium grande, was transmitted in 1856 to Mr. 
Glendinning's Nursery, at Chiswick, by Mr. Fortune, from the 
garden of a mandarin in the north of China ; and it was towards 
the close of the year exhibited and naturally much admired at 

MARCH 1st, 1862. 



one of the London meetings of the Horticultural Society. Early 
in 1857, it was described by Dr. Lindley as a new plant, under 
the name of Farfugium grande. But it is far from being a new 
species or a new genus. It is a native indeed of Japan, and seems 
to have been known to all botanical visitors there from the days 
of Kaempfer to the present time. 

Siebold says : — " Per totam Japoniam frequens, amat prsecipue 
regionum altiorum locos humidos, rivulorum ripas umbrosas, 
rupes madidas," etc. Elsewhere two varieties are particularly 
mentioned by him, one with curled leaves, the other the kind 
here figured " a feuilles tachetees d'or," for this is not the nor- 
mal state, nor docs it appear to be found wild in that condition. 
My native specimens from Ringgold and Rodgers' United 
States North Pacific Exploring Expedition, are gathered by Mr. 
C. Wright in the Loo-Choo Islands. I refer Mr. Bentham's 
Farfugium KempfeH hither with a mark of doubt. The speci- 
mens are from " among rocks, near the top of Victoria Peak, 
Hongkong," C. Wilford ; the leaves are more coriaceous, with 
much sharper and more distinct angles (generally five), and a 
very broad sinus ; indeed the base of the leaf is often trans- 
versely truncated, so that the leaf then becomes semiorbicular, 
and the flowers are very much larger : in these particulars the 
species much more nearly approaches the Lig/daria gigantea of 
Siebold and Zuccarini, /. c. tab. 36, natives of Niphon, whose 
leaves are stated to grow from five to eighteen feet long, with 
the blade five feet in diameter.* Nevertheless, since, when cul- 
tivated in gardens in the south of Japan it does not attain a 
greater height than three to four feet, and since in the general 
structure of the inflorescence and capitula and florets there is 
the closest similarity, the probability is that all these may prove 
to be varieties of one and the same species. 

Our plant which flowered at Kew in December, 1861, exhi- 
bited no appearance of bilabiate florets, distinctly observed by 
Dr. Lindley ; but, indeed, it is characteristic of the genus to have 
the radical florets " ligulate or biligulate." 



o 



Fig. 1. Floret of the disk. 2. Floret of the ray. 3. Hair from the pappus: — 
mat/?tijied. 



* Siebold tells us that the Japanese court artist, Hoksai, has represented in 
his Album, devoted to some remarkable natural history objects, a tuft of this 
plant, whose leaves (always radical) are sheltering many gardeners from the rain." 
This kind Siebold took with him alive to Belgium, where it appeared in some 
catalogues, before 1830, under the name of Tussilago Japonica. 



5303. 







esjrnp 



Tab. 5303. 
DENDROBIUM Lown. 

Mr. Lows Dendrobium. 



Nat. Ord. Okchide.e.— Gynandkia MoxaKdria. 

Gen. Char. Sepala membranacea, erecta v. patentia; lateralibus majoribus ob-> 
liqnis, cum basi producta columns; connatis. 1'etala sepalo supremo sepiai 
major'a, nunc minora, semper membranacea. Labdlum cum pcde columns arti- 
culatum v. connatum, semper sessile, indivisum vel trilobum, srepius mcmbrana- 
ceum, nunc appendiculatum. Columna semiteres, basi longe producta. Autlwra 
bilocularis. Pollinia 4, per paria collateralia.— Herbae epiphyte, nunc cauhs- 
cadet, nunc rhizomate repeate pseudo-bulbifero. Folia plana, sapius vetioaa. Flores 
tolitarii, fasciculati v. racemosi, speciosi. Llndl. 



Dendkobium (§ Eudendrobia, nigro-hirsuta) Lore ii ; caule erecto nigro-hirsuto, 
foliis ovato-oblongis apice obliquis subtus nigro-pubescentibus, racemis 
densis multifloris (floribus aureis), petalis oblongis obtusis undulatis dor- 
sali duplo longioribus, labello trilobo, lobis lateralibus brevibus lineari-lan- 
ceolatis incurvis paullo super basin insertis, intcrmedii longe unguiculati, 
limbo subrotundo convexo decurvo barbato, meato infundibuliformi, co^ 
lumna semicylindrica 3-dentata. Lindl. 

DENDROBIUM Lowii. Lindl. in Gard. Chron.for Nov. 30, 1861.;?. 1046 a. 



A splendid and remarkable new species, deservedly dedicated 
to Hugh Low, Esq., of Labuan, who found it on a mountain, 
" on the north-west coast of Borneo, at an elevation of 3000 
feet above the sea-level, growing on trees in exposed situations," 
whence it was introduced to his father's nursery at Clapton. 
It flowered in November, 1861. 

Not having the opportunity of examining this in a living 
state myself, I gladly avail myself of the remarks of Dr. Lindley : — 
" A most attractive species, imported by Messrs. Low, of Clap- 
ton, from Borneo, and exhibited by them at a meeting of the 
Floral Committee of the Horticultural Society. Fragments of 
what appears to be the same plant occur among Mr. Motley's 
Orchids («. 201), gathered at Banjarmassing. The flowers are 
admirably beautiful, produced in dense racemes as many as seven 
together, and are fully two inches in diameter, of a charming 

MARCH 1st, 1862. 



yellow colour, set off in a striking manner by six red lines on 
the lip, bearing long crimson fringes. The stem is upright, 
about a foot long, covered with black, which also occurs on the 
under side of the leaves in the shape of fine down. 

The species is evidently an ally of D.formosum, of which it 
has the habit, but is slenderer, and has an entirely different flower 
in structure as well as colour. Probably it will eventually be 
stationed next the rare Dendrobium Infmidlbuhim, found in Moul- 
mein by Thomas Lobb, but of which the colour of the flowers is 
unknown." Lindl. I. c. 



Fig. 1. Column, lip, and spur; — magnified. 



530^ 




Vmcei. 



Tab. 5304. 

ANGURIA Warscewiczii. 

Warscewicz' s Angaria. 



Nat. Ord. Cccurbitace.«. — Dkecia Diandria. 

Gen. Char. Flores dioici. Masc. Calyx tubo campanulato, ventricoso ; limbo 
5-partito. Corolla imo calyci adnatira inserta; limbi liberi quinquepartiti, laciniis 
angustis, patentibus. Stamina 2, ima3 corollas inserta, libera ;flamenta brevissiraa; 
antfjmpbiloculares; loculislinearibus, connectivi lati, mutici v. angusti, in acumen 
producti marginibus adnatis, rectis v. flexuosis. Fcem. Calyx tubo cum ovario 
connato ; limbo supero, campanulato, 5-fido. Corolla maris. Stamina 2, sterilia. 
Ovarium inferum. Stylus bifidus ; stigmata bipartita. Bacca oblongo-subtetra- 
gona, bi-quadrilocularis, polysperma. Semina . . . — Herbae Americana tropica ,- 
radice crassa, verrucosa ; folds attends, petiolatis, cordatis, integris vet ' pedatisectis ; 
cirrhis simplicibiis ; pedunculis axillaribus ; masculis elongatis, racemosis; fcemineis 
unifloris. Endl. 



Angurle (§ Euanguria) Warscewiczii ; folds petiolatis cordatis trifoliolatis, foliolis 
petiolulatis, lateralibus subsemihastatis medio obovato-oblongo omnibus 
brevi-acuminaiis angulato-sinuatis, pedunculis masculinis folio (cum petiolo) 
duplo lougioribus, floribus spicatis, calyce viridi cylindraceo, limbi lobis eras- 
sis glanduliformibus, petalis pulcherrime rubro-aurantiacis, staminibus 2. 

Angaria Warscewiczii. Hort. 



Although we are at present only acquainted with the male 
plant of this species of Anguria, we gladly figure it, and re- 
commend it as well deserving of cultivation on the rafters of a 
warm stove, where it produces its brilliant scarlet flowers in the 
middle of winter. At least it has been so with our plant, in 
December. It is a perfectly new, and as far as I yet know an un- 
described, species of the little-known Cucurbitaceous genus, An- 
guria. We received it, under the name here adopted, from Mr. 
Henderson, St. John's Wood Nursery. It is most likely one 
of the many interesting plants introduced into European gardens 
by Mr. Linden, and was no doubt collected by Warscewicz ; 
but where I have no means of knowing. My Herbarium, how- 
ever, possesses native specimens recently sent me by my valued 
botanical correspondent, Sutton Hayes, Esq., who gathered it in 

MARCH 1st, 1862. 



Panama, near the Barbacoos station of the Panama Railway, in 
May, 186 L. It is readily distinguished from all the other species 
of the genus, of which thirty-eight are described by Schlech- 
tendal in the twenty-fourth volume of the Linnaea, by the ter- 
nate leaves, the cylindrical calyx of the male flowers, its glan- 
duliform lobes, and the spreading orbicular petals, which are of 
a rich scarlet colour. 



Fig. 1. Flower with petals uuexpanded, showing the thickened lobes of the 
calyx. 2. Flower laid open, showing the two stamens -.—magnified. 



5305. 




Tab. 5303. 

PHYSUIIUS MACULATUS. 

Spoiled PAysu rus. 



Nat. Ord. Orciiidef. — Gvnandria Monandria. 

Gen. Char. Sepala lubcequftlia, lierbacca, laleralia labello BUppoaita. Prlala 
suha-qualin, sepalo dorsali Bgglutiliata. Labelhnn aoticum, cum columna paral- 
lelum, concavum, sub apicc dilatato same luaato constrictnm, basi calcare brevi 
libero sa?pe ventricoso auctum. Columna libora v. basi tanlimi labcllo tenter 
accreta ; rostello demmn membranaceo-bipartito. Anther* dorsalis, apiculata, 
bilocularis. Poltima 2, scctilia, gland ula ovali adnata. — Ilcrbie terresfres, cau- 
Icsct'iifcs, radicibus Jiliformibus sucenlentis. Folia basi laxe vaginata, petiolala, 
nervosa. Flores dense racemosi. Lindl. 



Physurus maculatus ; radicis fibris crassis longis teretibus carnosis, foliis lan- 
ceolatis discoloribus supra viridibus seriatim albo-raaculatis, vaginis arete 
appressis, spica densiflora, bracteis latissiine ovatis breviacuminatis, labello 
lanceolato medio CODstricto basi concava apice ovato-acumiuato recurvato, 
calcare longitudine perianthii obtusissimo. 



Living plants of this new and pretty species of P/n/wn/.s were 
brought to England by Mr. Cross, on his return from his mission 
to Ecuador for the purpose of procuring seeds and plants of 
Cinchona succirubra for cultivation in India, on account of the 
Indian Government, flowering specimens were sent to us in 
November, 1861, by Mr. Osborne,* of the Fulham Nursery. 
Fifteen species of this genus are described by Dr. Lindley in his 
' Genera and Species of Orchideous Plants,' and another species 
has been published in our ' lcones Plantarum ' (vol. v. t. 449), 
Pkymrus vaginatus from Guatemala. To this probably our 
present one is most nearly allied, bat abundantly distinct, for 
that has oblongo-ovate leaves, and remarkably inflated sheaths 
surrounding the stem. The spotting of the foliage is peculiar in 
our plant, but may not be constant. 

Desch. Terrestrial. Boots consisting of stout, vermicular, long 
fleshy fibres, sometimes downy at the apices. Stem erect, about 

* At Tab. 5259, under Lepanthes calodictyon, for "Mr. Osborne of Clapbara. 
Nursery," read Mr. Osborne of the Fulham Nursery. 

APRIL 1st, 1862. 



a span high, terete, leafy. Leaves remote, two and a half inches 
long (in the blade), petiolate, dark-coppery-green above, with two 
series of white oblong spots lying parallel with the costa, and two 
shorter lines of the same at the base, beneath greyish- white j pe- 
tioles sheathing at the base ; sheaths rather short, close-pressed to 
the stem. Spike of many close-placed whitish sm'&\\ flowers, each of 
which is subtended by a broad-ovate, acuminated bractea, scarcely 
the length of the ovary. Sepals ovato-lanceolate, the dorsal one 
agglutinated to the petals, which are similar in form and size. 
Spur about as long as the rest of the flower, very obtuse. Label- 
ing longer than the sepals, much constricted near the middle, the 
lower half ventricose, the upper half ovate, much acuminated, 
reflexed. Column short. Pollen-masses attached to a large two- 
lobed gland. 



Fig. 1. Side, and, 2. Front view of a flower. 3. Side, and, 4. Front view of the 
lip and spur. 5. Front, and, 6. Side view of the column. 6 and 7. Side and 
front view of the pollen-mass : — all more or less magnified. (Our artist has, we 
fear erroneously, represented the pollen-masses as fringed at the apex.) 



3306. 




WFitiLleL etlith. 



- 



Tab. 5306. 
CEROPEGIA Gardneri. 

Mr. Gardner s Ceropegia. 



Nat. Ord. Asclepiade.e. — Pentandria Digynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx quinquepartitus. Corolla tubulosa, basi magis minusvo 
ventricosa, subinfimdibulifbrinis ; liht/jihchms compressis, ligulatis, ercctis, BffipilU 
arcuatis apiceque colinerentibus, baud raro ciliolatis ; praefloratione valvata. 
Corona staminea duplici seric cainpanulala vol rotata, 5-15-lobata ; lobis antlioris 
antepositis srepius longioribus, ligulatis, apice saepissimc approximntis, conniventi- 
bus. Anther* apice simplices, membrana destituta*. Mourn po/linis erectac, ro- 
tundatae, inargine interiore pellucidae. Sligma muticura. Folliculi cylindracei, 
Iseves, pergamacei. Semina comosa. — Suffrutices vel potius herbse perennen, 
Indicat. De Cand. 



Ceropegia Gardneri; volubilis glabra, folds lanceolatis acuminatis, pedunculis 
petiolo subaequilongis paucifloris, calycis lobis linearibus, corolla ad tubi 
basin parura inflata supra medium subito valde ampliata apice aperte 5- 
crumenata margine ciliata, coronae stamineae lobis exterioribus linearibus 
acutis, interioribus multo longioribus latioribusque et apice reflexis, folliculis 
longiusculis teretibus. Thw. 

Ceropegia Gardneri. Thwaites, Enum. Plant. Zeyl. p. 199. 



A native of Ceylon, introduced by the Messrs. Veitch and 
Sons to their Nurseries at Exeter and Chelsea, and undoubtedly 
the C. Gardneri of our friend Mr. Thvvaites's valuable ' Enu- 
merate,' above quoted. It was first detected by Mr. Gardner 
(whose name it bears), at Rambaddo, at an elevation of from 
4000 to 5000 feet, and it well deserves a place in our collections. 
Mr. Thwaites aptly compares it with the Ceropegia clegans of 
Wallich, from the Nilgkerries, figured at our Tab. 3015 of this 
work ; but a slight glance at that figure will serve to justify Mr. 
Thwaites in his further remark, that " it can scarcely be a variety 
of it." It is indeed infinitely more ornamental than that, with 
larger leaves and larger flowers, twice the size of those of elegan*. 
In the state of the bud there is a most striking difference when 
the lobes of the corolla are folded in, in a very remarkable man- 
ner, so as to present five spreading lobes like the lobes of a star- 
fish, or still more like the expanded corolla of a Stapelia. Then 
again, in the fully-developed corolla (we can hardly say expanded, 

APRIL 1st, 1862. 



for the lobes continue to adhere at the apices), the inflected seg- 
ments take a broad heart-shaped form, the sides near the apex 
being reflected and forming the only opening into the tube. The 
colour is much brighter, and the hairs, so very abundant and 
conspicuous in elegam on the corolline lobes, are here few and 
very indistinct. 



Fig. 1. The staminal crown. 2. The pistils : — magnified. 



5301. 







Vincent BrooH 1 "" 1 ?' 



Tab. 5307. 
begonia prismatocarpa. 

Prism-fruited Begonia. 



Nat. Orel. Begoniace.e. — Moncecia Polyandria. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4172.) 



Begonia prismatocarpa ; hcrbacea humilis, caulibus teretibus repcntibus pilosis, 
ramis ascendentibus, stipulis ovatis acutis merabranaceis fimbriatis, foliis 
longe petiolatis oblique cordato-ovatis subpalmato-lobatis, lobis acuminatis 
iiiiiequaliter serratis hiuc latioribus, petiolis teretibus pilosis, pedunculis 
axillaribus pilosis petiolo lougioribus umbellatim bi-trifloris, umbella brac- 
teis duabus stipuheformibus, floribus dipetalis, masculis staminibus mona- 
delpbis, autheris lineari-cuneiformibus, filamento perbrevi, capsula (imma- 
tura) elongata lineari-oblonga quadrangulari vix alata angulis tequalibus 
4-loculari, stylo profunde 4-partito, stigmatibus capitatis pubesceatibu3. 



If this is wanting in floral beauty, it is nevertheless a very 
interesting plant, a Begonia with an elongated, four-celled, four- 
sided capsule, a quadripartite style, and capitate stigmas. It is dis- 
covered by Mr. Gustav Mann in "Fernando Po. It will probably 
constitute a new genus among Begoniacea with M. Alphonse de 
Candolle, who has already alluded to some imperfect specimens 
of the plant in his valuable ' Memoire sur la Famillc des Bego- 
niacees,' in the eleventh volume of the ' Annales des Sciences 
Naturelles' (quatrienie serie, Botan.) : "L'Herbier de Sir W. J. 
Hooker m'a fait connaitre une espece de Fernando Po, trop in- 
complete dans la collection pour qu'on put la decrire, et qui 
semble un genre ou une section tres-distincte, remarquable par 
un ovaire etroit et allonge, analogue a celui des Prismatocarpus." 
It is one of the many interesting new plants we have lately re- 
ceived through our collector from the mountain regions of tropical 
Western Africa. It flowered in the stove at Kew in December, 
1861. Its locality was rocks and trees at an elevation of 3000 
feet above the sea-level. 

Descr. The plant is small and insignificant-looking ; it has 
creeping, herbaceous, rounded, hairy stems and ascending 
branches. Leaves on long petioles, also hairy, the largest of 
APKIL 1st, 1S62. 



them scarcely two inches in length, obliquely cordato-ovate, sub- 
palmately three to five lobed, but the lobes are much larger on 
one side than the other, acuminate, coarsely and unequally, but 
sharply and submucronately serrated. Stipules small, ovate, 
fimbriated. Peduncle axillary, solitary, longer than the petiole, 
bearing a small imperfect umbel of two to four dipetalous^fowm. 
Petals ovate, yellow, with a tinge of orange towards the base. 
Male flower pedicellate, with a cluster of many stamens borne 
upon a short stalk (hence monadelphous), all inclined to one side. 
Filament very short. Anther linear-cuneate, most of it made up 
of the conneclivum, yellow. Female flower sessile, apparently 
one to each umbel. Ovary or immature fruit linear-oblong, te- 
tragonal, a little attenuated upwards ; the four angles are promi- 
nent, but scarcely form wings, and these angles are equal, four- 
celled, with numerous ovules attached to the four central recep- 
tacles. Style short, soon dividing into four erecto-patent branches, 
each crowned with a large capitate downy stigma. 



Fig. 1. Stamens from the male flower, the petals being removed. 2. Single 
stamen. 3. Female flower (or immature fruit), the petals only removed. 4. 
Transverse section of the capsule : — all magnified. 



5308. 




"W&ua 



Vmce 



Tab. 5308. 
SCILLA Berthelotii. 

Berihclot's Squill. 



Nat. Ord. Liliace.e. — Hkxaxdkia ktoNOOTNU. 

Bm. Char. Perigoniinn corolliuuni, sex-partitum, campanulatura, rotato-patcns. 
Stamina 6, perigonii laciniis basi inserta ; filament a Kqualia, sabulata. Ovarium 
3-loculare. Ocula in loculis plurinia, biseriata, horizontalia, anatropa. Sh/his 
filiformis, rectus ; stigma obtusum. Capsula obtuse trigona, 3-locularis, loculi- 
cido-trivalvis. Semina in loculis pauca, horizontalia, subglobosa ; testa cnistaiva, 
juxta raphen incrassata, atra v. pallesccnte-fusca. Embryo axilis, dirnidii albu- 
minis longitudinc, cxtremitate radieulari umbilico parallelc contigua .— Herbtt 
bulbosre, in Europa media, in regione Mediterranea et Capite Bona Spei obvia ; 
racerno laxo scapum terminante, pediccllis bracteatis, floribus albis v. crrrtdeis. 
Endl. 



Scilla Berthelotii; bulbo oblongo fusco, folds 2-3 linearibus acuminata gla- 
bris caulem ad tertiam partem vaginantibus scapo brevioribus, spica gra- 
cili, pedicellis inferioribus remotiusculis bracteis setaceis sublongioribus, 
perigonii exigui laciniis lineari-lanceolatis, apice incrassato-glandulosis sta- 
mina excedentibus. Webb. 

Scilla Berthelotii. Webb, Phytogr. Canar. sect. \\\. p. 337. t. 232. 



A plant of the genus Scilla was so little expected by us from 
a country within the Tropics, and only four degrees from the 
Equator, that when the present plant, which had been sent to 
us by our zealous collector Mr. Gustav Mann, from the Came- 
roons River, tropical Africa, in 1861, flowered in our stove the 
latter end of the same year, I thought, unornamental as the plant 
is, it deserved a place in the * Botanical Magazine ' on account of 
its locality. I little expected, however, to find that it was no 
new plant, but one already described in the Canary Island Flora 
of Messrs. Webb and Berthelot, in which country it grows (" in 
rupestribus maritimis humidiuscnlis Teneriffse "), accompanied 
by the remark on its geographical distribution, " Planta est ex 
toto Canadensis." But here it appears at a distance of twenty- 
four degrees of latitude and twenty-seven of longitude from 
Teneriffe. I am, however, still rather puzzled whether to refer 

APRIL 1st, 1S62. 



the species to the S. Berthelotii of the Canarian Flora or the 8. 
dasyantha of the same work • for I can see no valid difference 
between the two (and both are figured), save that the former 
has three leaves, the latter only two. 

Descr. The bulb is oblong-ovate, with a coat of which the upper 
part forms a short sheath around the base of the leaves, sending out 
long radicles, thick, white, and fleshy. Leaves three, lanceolate 
or linear-lanceolate, tapering towards the base, and there sheath- 
ing each other and the base of the scape. Scape rather slender, 
terete, solitary, a span to a foot long, bearing a lax raceme of 
small insignificant whitish jbtoers. Bracts small, subulate. Pe- 
dicels very short. Petals narrow-oblong, concave, callous at the 
tips. Stamens rather shorter than the petals. Ovary subglo- 
bose, but having three broad obtuse lobes. Style about as long 
as the germen. Capsules with two seeds in each cell. 



Fig. 1. Expanded flower. 2. Pistil: — mngnijied. 




5309. 








dl 



: 








v^y 

^ 





Witched, etlith. 



Vbxent Brooks. Irr 



Tab. 5309. 
BOLBOPHYLLUM Rhizophor.e. 

Mangrove Bolboplnjllum. 

Nat. Ord. OacniDE.E.— Gyn anuria MoHANDBIA. 

Gen Char. Sepala erecta, acuminata, Bubffiqoalia, lateralibus cum peck co- 
lumns counatis et basi obliquis. Pdala nana (rarissime sepalis subisquaba). 
LabeUum cum pede columns articulatum, unguiculatum, snepius integrum, et 
posticum. Columna nana, antice bidentata v. bicorms. Anthem 1- v. bUocu- 
hris Follinia 4, libera, valde insequalia, nunc in uno connata, nunc per pana 
cohsrentia, altero cujusve paris minuto lobuliformi. -Herbs epiphyte, riu«>- 
mate reperde pseudobulbifero. Folia coriacea, avenia. Racemi radicates. Lindl. 



Bolbophyllum Wzophorce ; pseudobulbis ovatis dipbyllis, folns oblongis con- 
duolicatis obtusis, spicis multifloris pendnlis, bracteis suurotundo-ovatis 
reflexis marine membranaceis, racbi floribusque scabris, sepalo dorsali 
lineari-lateralibus intus pubescentibus subrotunrhs cnspidatis multo lon- 
giore, petalis linearibus angustissimis glabris apice setaceis, labello linean 
intus villoso sub apice mucronulato. Lindl. 

Bolbophyllum Khizopbora. Lindl. in Journ. Proc. Linn. Soc. v. 6. p. 124. 



A very lovely little plant, if minutely examined as the struc- 
ture of the flowers entitles it to be. It was found growing on 
Mangroves in the Nun River, by Mr. Barter, late Botanist to the 
Ni^er Expedition under Commander Baikie, when living plants 
were sent to Kew, and again by Mr. Gustav Mann in lb60 
from the same river. These plants have flowered with us both 
in April and in October of 1861. . 

Descr. Plant small. Pseudobulbs scarcely an inch long, 
ovate thickly clustered, each bearing two oblong-lanceolate ob- 
tuse or retuse leaves, tapering at the base, scarcely conduphcate 
except in the dried state. Scape or peduncle from the base ot 
the pseudobulbs, short, terminated by a slender, flexuose, droop- 
ins pikes of man y smal1 subsecund flowers. Bachis granulated 
with small tubercles. Bracts broadly ovate, at the base of the 
sessile ovary, reflexed. Perianth externally muncated, as well as 
the ovary, superior or dorsal sepal erect, purplish-brown, yellow- 

APRIL 1st, 1862. 



ish at the base within, erect, oblong, larger than the lateral 
sepals, which are reflexed and bright red-purple on the upper 
side. Petals lineari-subulate, curved forward, white. Lip much 
smaller than the sepals, articulated upon a stalk, oblong-ovate, 
obtuse, reflexed, deep-purple. Column short, with a tooth on 
each side below the anther-case. Pollen-mass oval, subrotund, 
double. 



Fig. 1. Flower and portion of the rachis. 2. Front view of a flower. 3. 
Flower from which the sepals have been removed. 4. Pollen-masses : — all more 
or less magnified. 



5310. 




"WFlt,:. 



Vincent, Drooks.itrtp 



Tab. 5310. 

CLOMENOCOMA Montana. 

Moun ta in Clomenocoma. 



Nat. Ord. Composite.— Syngenesia Sgpkrflca. 

Gen. Char. Capitulum multiflorum, radintura ; ligul'm uniscrialihiis, famineis; 
Jloribus rfisci tubulosis, quiiique-detitatis, hermapliroditis. Jin-olucrian imbricatuui ; 
squamis lineavibus, imbricatis, dorso versus apicetD -rlaiidiilam grossam grren- 
tibus. Receptacuhan tenuitcr tibrilliferum. Achenium. elongatuin, niiiHistriatum ; 
glabrmsculum. Pappus squamellis 10, uniseriati>, basi polyaddphis, superne 
linenri-setii-formibus. — Herbs Auntro- A merkante , Tageti facie. Folia opporita, 
piwtntisecta. Capitula tenuinalia, pvdiuieulata, solitaria. Florcs aurantiaci. 
Be (.'and. 



Clomenocoma montana; foliis ovatis acutis serratis basi cuneatis integris v. 

iuciso-lobatis, petiolo basi lobulis setaaformibus aucto, involucri squamis 

obtusis fimbriatis. Benth. 
Clomenocoma montana. Benth. Plant. Hartweg. pp. 86, 351. 
Dysolua grandiflora? Be Cand. Prodr. v. 5. p. 640 (fide Benth.). 



We owe the opportunity of figuring this plant to Messrs. 
Henderson, who received it under the name of " Hebeclinium 
aurantiacum " but Mr. Bentham has recognized it as his Clome- 
nocoma montana, a native of Guatemala, whence we possess spe- 
cimens both from Mr. Skinner and from Mr. Hartweg. The 
name Clomenocoma Avas doubtless given by Cassini to the genus 
on account of the resemblance of the flowers to those of the 
Marigold, kXo^vov in Greek. The colour of the flower is very rich, 
and it may prove to be a valuable summer bedding-out plant. 

Descr. The root appears to be perennial. The stems herba- 
ceous, scarcely branched, except towards the summit, where they 
divide into peduncles ; erect, one to two feet high, nearly glabrous. 
Leaves opposite, ovate, or rather ovato-Ianceolate, acuminate, 
inciso-serrate, petiolate, marked with black glandular dots, most 
numerous beneath ; on the petiole are four to six linear-lanceolate 
segments or small narrow leaflets, ending in a setiforni point. 
Peduncles axillary and terminal, each with a pair of diminutive 
leaves or bracts. Head of flowers large, handsome. Involucre 

APRIL 1st, 1862. 



urceolato-cylindrical, consisting of one series of linear-oblong 
erect scales, erose at the apex, and a few smaller external ones, 
lanceolato-subulate, all with black glandular streaks. Receptacle 
fibrillose. Florets all of a rich deep-orange colour. 



Kg. 1. Apex of a peduncle and involucre. 2. Floret of the circumference, 
withlfibrillse. 3. Floret of the disk, with tibrillae. 4. Hair of the pappus:— 
magnified. 



J3ii. 







' 



Tab. 5311. 

RHODODENDRON arboreum, Sm., var. limbatum. 

Irce BJtododendron, broad-zoned var. 

Nat. Ord. Erice.«. — Diandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 3825.) 



Rhododendron arboreum ; caule arboreo, foliis lanceolatis utrinque acuminatis 
coriaceis supra glabris subtus discoloribus (argenteis ferrugineisve), corymbis 
confertifloris, calycis limbo obsoleto, corolla late campanula ta 5-loba, sta- 
minibus 10, ovar'io 10-loculari. 

Rhododendron arboreum. Smith, Exot. Bot. t. 9. Tab. Nostr. (varietatibus 
inclusis) 3290, 3825. 

Var. limbatum ; foliis anguste lanceolatis subtus argenteis, corollnc limbo late 
roseo, tubo intus albo ima basi macula sanguinea notato. 



Of all the varieties of these well-known and variable Tree 
Rhododendrons of the Himalaya, none is better worth cultiva- 
tion than this, whether for its early free-flowering habit or the 
exquisite delicacy of the broad rose-coloured limb of the corolla, 
which gradually fades into the almost pure white throat, marked 
at the base with a deep blood-red blotch. The nearest variety 
to this is undoubtedly the arboreum var. roseum, Bon, Prod. Flor. 
Nep.jj. 154, first figured by Dr. Lindley, in the 'Botanical Re- 
gister,' t. 1240, and again in Sweet's 'British Flower Garden,' 
vii. t. 339, but in that the colour is more uniform, that of the 
limb being paler than the throat, and the leaves have a little 
brown tomentum underneath. 

Our plant was raised from seeds sent by Dr. Hooker from the 
Sikkim Himalaya in 1848-0, and flowered in a cool conservatory. 



Fig. 1. Flowers. 2. Stamen. 3. Ovary. 4. Transverse section of ditto: 
-all more or has magnified. 

may 1st, 1862. 



sm. 




VFitch,aa.etiith. 



Tab. 5312. 
LIMATODES rosea. 

Rose-coloured Limatodes. 



Nat. Old. Orchide,e. — Gynandria Monandria. 

Gen. Char. PeriantMum evecto-y>atens, subaequale, liberum. Labellum liberum, 
divisum, calcnratum ; limbo interno turaido. Columna erecta, semiteres. An- 
thera bilocularis ; loculis subquadrilocellatis. Pollinia 8, obovata, caudicula 
brevi filiformi, glandula minuta. — Herbaj terrestres. Caules basi tumidi. Folia 
lato-lanceolata, nervosa, membranacea. Pedunculi laterales, solilarii, pancijlori. 
Flores albi vel rosei. Lindl. (Char, ex Blunie.) 



Limatodes rosea ; pseudobulbis fusiformibus, foliis oblongo-lanceolatis plicatis 
glabris, scapo raultifloro foliis longiore tloribusque laxis villosis, bracteis 
membranaceis recurvis ovario brevioribus, labello oblougo piano retuso, 
calcare recto obtuso horizontali, columna nana tomentosa. Lindl. 

Limatodes rosea. Lindl. in Paxtons Fl. Gard. t. 81. 



A very lovely plant, and much prized in collections. We are 
enabled to figure it through the kindness of Messrs. Low and 
Son, of the Clapton Nursery, who lately received plants from the 
Rev. C. S. P. Parish, of Moulmein, where however it was some 
years before brought into notice by Mr. Thomas Lobb, collector 
for the Messrs. Veitch, and a figure of it appeared in Paxton s 
1 Flower Garden,' above quoted. The genus Limatodes was es- 
tablished by Blume upon a Java species from Mount Salak the 
Z. pauciflora, and a third species is described by Dr. Lindley, 
a native of the Mishmee hills, in Griffith's Herbarium. The 
present species seems to be a ready flovverer. In the case of our 
specimen the flowers appeared from the base of an old pseudo- 
bulb without any leaves. 



Pig. 1 represents a pedicel with the lip and spur. 2. Side view of the 
column, spur, and ovary. 3. Front view of the column and anther. 4. Pollen- 
masses : — magnified. 

may 1st. 1862. 



$313. 




WBt^dfiLetTith. 



Vincent Broaks.Itnp- 



Tab. 5313. 

CLERODENDRON Thomsons. 

Mrs. Thomsons Clerodendron. 

Nat. Ord. Vsrbsnaoka. — Didynamia Angiospekmta. 

Gen. Char. Calyx campanulatus, rarius tubulosus, interdum peiitagonus et 
subinflatus, 5-fidus v. quinquedentatus, rarissime truncatus. Corolla infundi- 
bularis vel subhypocraterimorpha j tubo saqnssime calyccni excedcnte, interdum 
longissimo ; limbo quinquepartito laciniis superioribus paido magis approximatis, 
subinrcquali vel laciniis inferioribus magis minusve adscendentibus obliquo iromo 
subsecundo. Stamina 4, corollac tubo inserta, longe exserta, subdidyma ; an- 
theree supra basin inserts, basi fissae, biloculares, loculis parallelis, rim'a longitu- 
dinali dehiscentibus. Ovarium quadriloculare, loculis uniovulatis ; ovulo in sper- 
mophoro angulo centrali adnato pendulo. Stylus filiformis, exsertus ; stiymalc 
bifido, acuto. Drupa calyci ampliato insidens vel inclusa, baccata v. carnosa, 
quadri- vel ssepius abortu mouo-di-tripyrena, ssepius 2-4-loba ; pyrenis maturitate 
distinctis, unilocularibus ; putamine lignoso lasvi. Semen solitarium, erect u in. 
Cotyledones oleosa?, applicatse ; radicula brevis, infera. — Frutices vel arbores, inter 
tropicos veteris orbis imprimis vero Asia copiosce, in America vero parce crescentes. 
Folia opposita vel terna, simplicia, Integra vel rarius lobata, phyllopodio interdum 
prominenti insidentia. Cymsc trichotomee vel axillares, vel in paniculam termi- 
nalem collects. Schauer, in Be Cand. 



Clerodendron Thomsons ; caule volubili glabro, foliis oppositis brevi-petio- 
latis integris oblongo-ovatis acutis glabris, yenis superne sulcatis, panicula 
axillari et terminali, cymis dichotomis laxifloris bracteatis, calyce albo mem- 
branaceo inrlato pentagono 5-partito, laciniis ovatis acutis, corolla coccinea, 
tubo gracili extus glanduloso-pubescente calycem sequante, limbo oblique 
5-lobato, staminibus longissirne exsertis. Balf. 

Clerodendron Thomsons. Balf. in Edinb. New Phil. Journ. N.S. p. 1. v. 15. 
t. 2. 



From the stove of the Botanic Gardens of Edinburgh, whence 
we received specimens from Professor Balfour in January of the 
present year, 1862, to whom the living plant was communicated 
in 1861, by the Rev. W. C. Thomson, missionary at Old 
Calabar, on the West Coast of Tropical Africa. The specific 
name is given in memory of that gentleman's wife, the late Mrs. 
Thomson. It flowered in the stove at Edinburgh, the branches 
twining extensively round other plants or prostrate and rooting. 
MAY 1st, 1862. 



We have only seen the cut specimen ; but no doubt Dr. Balfour 
says very correctly that it " has a very showy appearance in the 
conservatory, twining along the roof of the house to the extent of 
ten or twelve feet, and giving off numerous clusters of flowers ; 
and the contrast of colour presented by its (large) white calyx 
and crimson corolla renders it a desirable plant for cultivation." 
Mr. Thomson met with it growing abundantly on the banks 
of the Old Calabar River, above salt-water range. I may add that 
the same species has been detected by Mr. Barter, late botanist 
to Baikie's Niger Expedition, at Angiama, on the Quorra ; and 
very fine native specimens are deposited in the Herbarium at 
Kew. 



Fig. 1. Pistil, — magnified. 



=--** > N^ , 



531^ 




Tab. 5314. 
H^MANTHUS cinnabarinus. 

Cinnabar -coloured Ilcemanth us. 



Nat. Ord. Amakyllidace^e. — Hexandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Terigonium superum corollaceum, limbo 6-partito, regulari, deciduo ; 
tubo recto; lacu/iis angustis, 1-3-nerviis, aequalibus, erectis vel stellato-paten- 
tibus. Stamina 6, summo tubo inscrta, exserta, altcrna (petalina ?) longiora. 
Filamenta filiformia. Anthera oblongse, utrinque bifida?, dorso supra basin affixJB. 
Ovarium inferum, triloculare ; ovula in loculis solitaria vel gcmina, collateral, 
pendula (pauca e loculorura augulo central! adscendcutia vel pendula, EndL), 
anatropa. Columna stylina filiformis, recta. Stigma simplex, obsolete trilobum 
vel trifidum. Bacca globosa vel oblonga, abortu 1-trilocularis. Semina in locu- 
lis solitaria, loculum replentia; testa membranacea, adnata; raphe immersa; 
hilum basilare, chalazae apicali discolori jungens. Embryo minimus, in basi albu- 
minis dense carnosi ; extremitate radiculari bilum attingente.— Herbae, paucis 
Afrkanis tropicis exceptis, Capenses, bulbifera, scapigercs, glabra vel pubescent es ; 
bulbo tunicato, seepius bifariam squamoso ; folia pauca, satpius bina, coriacea, 
crassiuscula, plerumque plana orbiculata erecta vel humistrata, rarius angusta 
elongata canaliculata, rarissime petiolata, oblonga, petiolis vaginantibw. Scapus 
brevis, solidus, plerumque compressus, basi sape bracteis duabus radicalibus bdt-r- 
dum coloratis stipatm, multiflorus. Spatha utplurimum polyphylla ; foliolis erectis, 
coloratis, umbella longioribus, rarius diphylla vel reflexa. Kth. ex Endl. 



H.v.maNTHUS cinnabarinus; foliis paucis omnibus inferioribus seu subradicalibus 
ovali-oblongis longitudinaliter multinerviis, costa crassa subtus prominente, 
limbo in pe°iolum subvaginantem decurrcnte, scapo cylindraceo umbellatine 
nndtifloro, bractea communi florem involucrante et multiseriata, pedicellis 
singulis bracteola lineari stipatis primo erectis mox patulis aut etiam re- 
flexis, perianthii lobis subsequalibus oblongis, ut stamina filamenta rigida 
stylusque cinnabarinis. Dene. 

ILemanthus cinnabarinus. Besv. in Flore des Serres, 2nd Series, v. 2. p. 27. 



Drawn from bulbs sent by M. Gustav Mann to the Royal 
Gardens, from Ambas Bay, at the foot of the Cameroon moun- 
tains, in Western tropical America. There can be no question 
of the plant being identical with the Hamanthus cinnabarinus 
of Professor Decaisne, in the ' Flore des Serres ' above quoted, 
who considers it a new species ; but, were it not for such high 
authority, we should have been disposed to have looked upon 
it as a remarkable state of Htemanthus multiflorus* But there 
* See Bot. Mag. vol. 24. t. 261, and vol. 45. t. 1995. 

may 1st, 1862. 



is this remarkable difference :— in both the scape rises from the 
bulb, nearly simultaneously with the foliage; in H. mnltiflorus 
it springs laterally from the outside of the cluster of leaves ; in 
our plant, as in that of Decaisne, the scape forms the axis or 
centre of the plant, and is surrounded by the sheathing base of 
the leaves. These leaves externally (below) gradually become 
sheathing scales, more or less tinged with purple, and which 
form a kind of stem. I really can point out no other difference. 



Fig. 1. Section of the perianth. 2. Section of the ovary -.—slightly magnified . 



33i5. 




"WBtdvisLetlith. 



^-ncent Brooks, Ixn P 



Tab. 5315. 

HEL1C0NIA METALLICA. 

Metallic-leaved Helicon ia . 

Nat. Orel. Musace.*:. — Pentandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Pe.rigonii epigyui foliola exteriora Bequalia, basi inter se eoncres- 
centia, interiors lateralis subconformia approximate, genitalia amplectenti.i, poa- 
ticutn Qan am. Stamina 5, sexto postico abortiente, basi prrigonii adnata. Ova- 
rium inferum, triloculare. Ocula in loculis solitaria, e basi axeos adscendentia. 
anatropa. Stylus filifortnis j stigma depressiuscidum, obsolete trilobum. Capsnla 
subilrupacea, tricocca ; coccis osseis, indehisceutibus. Semina in cocci* solitaria. 
obovato-subglobosa, basifixa ; testa ab endocarpio vix solubili. Embryo ortbo- 
tropus, linearis, in axi albuminis farinaceo-camosi, extremitate radiculari umbi- 
licum attingente, infera. — Herba? Americana tropica; tbliis longe petiolatis ; pe- 
tiolis basi vaginantibus, scapum radica\em sape velarttibus ; spathis pi it ribus distickis, 
in axilla florifer is. Endl. 



Hblicoxia metallica ; elata gracilis 6-8-pedalis, foliis sesqui-bi-pedalibus ob- 
longis acuminatis supra velutino-viridibus subtus purpureo-metallicis, spica 
erecta, spathis remotiusculis uni-tritloris, floribus subcylindraceo-angulatis 
curvatis falcatis coccineis, sepalorum apicibus acuminatis albis erecto-paten- 
tibus, petalo nauo ovato obtusiusculo. 

Heliconia metallica. Planch, and Linden, Cat. 1856, n. 11 (name only, no de- 
scriptive character or remarks). 



Roots of this fine species of Heliconia were, sent to us by Mr. 
Linden, and M. Schlim is recorded as the discoverer, in the wet 
shady gorges at the foot of the Sierra Nevada of Santa Martha. 
It is' to be regretted that Messrs. Planchon and Linden, as far 
as we can find at least, have nowhere published any figure 
or description of this plant, and, though we feel ourselves by 
no means called upon to perpetuate such names, yet in the 
present case we think it better to do so than to create con- 
fusion by needlessly increasing the number of names and syno- 
nyms. It requires the heat of a warm stove to induce the flower- 
ing of this plant. 

Descr. This is perhaps the most graceful of all the species of 
Heliconia known to us. It resembles a very slender Mma in its 
foliage, and is six to eight feet high : the sfew-portion, if it may be 

may 1st, 1862. 



so called, is formed of large sheathing green scales, having a Ion* 
slender point. The leaves, three to four, are quite at the sum- 
mit, and are from one and a half to two feet and more long, 
oblong, gradually acuminate, of a rich deep velvety green above] 
beneath of a coppery metallic-purple colour, which suggested 
the name of metallica to Messrs. Planchon and Linden. The 
spike of flowers is terminal, erect, about a span long, consisting of 
about six large green spear-shaped but conduplicate, bluntly 
caricated bracteas or spalhes, the lowest one with three flowers 
in the axil, the rest with two or one. Pedicels one to one-and- 
a-half inch long, green, erect. Flowers large, handsome, three 
inches long, cylindrical, slightly angular, and a little curved ; the 
three sepals or outer portions of the perianth approximate and 
slightly conjoined, scarlet, the acuminated apices only free, white, 
erecto-patent. The two perfect^ofc are scarlet to the apex and 
are convolute around the stamens and style: the third, or 
dwarfed petal is a small, white, ovate scale. Stamens five. Ma- 
menls subfusiforin, terminated by long, linear, white, or sub- 
sagittiform anthers; style very much resembling a filament of 
the stamens, but acute. 



Pig. 1. Upper portion of an ovary, with style and five stamens, — magnified. 



5316. 




WFitch.,de. 



Vmce 



Tab. 5316. 
BOLBOPHYLLUM cupreum. 

Copper-coloured Bolbophi/llum . 

Nat. Orcl. Orciiide.k. — (jynanimiia .Monaxphia. 
Gen. Char. (Tide supra, Tab. 5283.) 



Bolbophtllum cupreum; folio angusto solitario soapo longiore, racemo brevi 
oblongo nutanto, petalis sptacpoacuininatis semilatis, labello ovato dente 
utrinque setaceo, columns angulis aristatis. LineU. 

BOLBOPHYLLUM nipreum. L'nidl. in Bol . Reg. r. 24. 1838, Hue. p. 95. 



Figured from a flowering-plant in the Royal Gardens of Kew, 
in 1SC1. Dr. Lindley drew up his specific character from a 
plant imported by Messrs. Loddigcs, through Mr. Cuming, from 
Manilla, whereas our specimen is stated to come from Arracan. 
The flowers, he observes, are copper-coloured, thence the name 
(cupreum), and have a smell extremely like Valerian-root. Many 
of the small-flowered Orciidea are remarkable for the singu- 
larity of their structure, as seen under a microscope ; and such 
is the case with the present species. 

Descr. Pseudo-bulbs ovato -subrotund, compressed, green, 
fleshy, glabrous, and perfectly smooth on the surface. Several 
of these are attached to a creeping, rooting, scaly eaudex, about 
the thickness of the quill of a writing-pen ; often subtended by 
large, lanceolated, membranaceous, closely-pressed scales. Each 
pseudo-bulb bears on its summit a solitary, oblong, coriaceous 
leaf, about a span long. At the very base of a pseudo-bulb 
arises the curved scape, three to four inches long, clothed for its 
whole length with large, lax, sheathing, membranaceous scales. 
Spike about as long as the scape, cylindrical, drooping, of an 
orange-copper colour, consisting of closely-placed, imbricated 
flowers, each flower subtended by a lanceolato-acumiimted brac- 
tea, of the same colour as the flowers. Pedicels very short. 
june 1st, 1S62. 



Sepals lanceolate, acuminate ; lateral ones deflexed, twice as large 
as the superior one, and approximate. Petals small, from a broad 
base, suddenly subulate. Lip oblong-ligulate, shorter than the 
lateral sepals, almost blood-coloured, having a short gibbous spur 
at the base beneath ; lateral lobes short, acute ; intermediate one 
obtuse, with a sharp longitudinal lamina, or keel, on the upper 
side ; downy at the margins. Column short, semicylindrical, the 
margin on each side terminating in a subulate lobe, extending 
much beyond the anther. 



Fig. 1. Front view of a flower. 2. Side view of ditto, with bractea. 
Flower, with sepals removed. 4. Front view of the lip : — magnified. 



53il. 




"Vincent Brooks, Imp ■ 



Tab. 5317. 
RHODODENDRON fulgens. 

Brilliant Rhododendron. 



Nat. Ord. Erice.e. — Decandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 3825.) 



"Rhododendron fulgens ; ramulis petiolis peduncnlis foliisque superne glaber- 
rimis, foliis petiolatis late obovato- v. ovato-ellipticis apice rotundatis basi 
cordatis margine recurvo subtus dense floccoso-tomentosis brunneis, capi- 
tulis densifloris, pedicellis brevibus, calyce obsoleto v. disciformi, corolla 
campanulata intense sanguinea, limbi lobis 5 rotundatis recurvis, stamini- 
bus 10 filamentis glabris, ovario conico basi turgido 6-8-loculari. 

Rhododendron fulgens. J. Hook. Sikkim Rhododendrons, t. 25. 



Of all the magnificent series of Rhododendrons which have 
reached us from India, none can vie in colour with the subject 
of the present Plate, which, from the gorgeous hue of its blos- 
soms, received the name of fulgens from its discoverer, Dr. 
Hooker, who says of it, " This, the richest ornament of the 
Alpine regions (of the Sikkim-ilimalaya), in the month of June 
forms a verv prevalent shrub, on mountain slopes and spurs, at 
an elevation of 12,000 to 14,000 feet, flowering in June, and 
fruiting in November and December ; not yielding in abundance 
to its associates, R. aruginosum (a variety of lilacimm) and R. 
Maddeni, and, like the former, putting forth young leaves of a 
beautiful verdigris-green colour. The foliage is perennial, of a 
bright-green hue, and gives a singular hue to the bleak snowy 
mountain-faces, immediately overhung by the perpetual snow, 
contrasting in August with the bright scarlet of the Barberry, 
the golden-yellow of the fading Birch and Mountain- Ash, the 
lurid green of the Juniper, and the brown of the withered grass. 
Whether, then, for the glorious effulgence of its blossoms, which 
appear to glow like fire in the few sunny hours of the regions it 
inhabits, or the singular tint its foliage assumes at other seasons, 
jdne 1st, 1862. 



it is one of the most striking plants of the inhospitable regions 

it inhabits. 

In many respects R. fulgens is most closely allied to JR. cam- 

panulatuni; the chief difference, besides the colour of the blos- 
soms, lies in the denser head of flowers, shorter pedicels, smaller 
corolla, and disc-shaped calyx. 

The subject of the present Plate flowered in the Royal Gar- 
dens in the month of April, from plants introduced by Dr. 
Hooker twelve years ago. The flowers are considerably larger 
than in the plant figured in the ' Sikkim Rhododendrons ;' but 
they are more numerous and crowded in the native specimens. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Calyx and ovary. 3. Ovary, cut transversely. 4. Sta- 
men: — all but fig. 1 magnified. 



5m. 




i i.,dd.et xttli 



Tab. 5318. 
PALISOTA Barteri. 

Mr. Barter s Palisota. 



Nat. Ord. Commelyneje — Triandbia Monogyxia. 

Gen. Char. Flora subirregulares. Sepala ovata, obtusa, imparl parum majore. 
Petala sessilia, sepalis subsimilia iisque pnulo longiora. Stamina fertiJia 3, 
pctalis opposita, difformia; duo brevia, filamentis filiformibus, antliera oblonga 
vix longioribus ; tertium longius, filameuto crasso, anthera ovata planes longiore ; 
aterUia 3 (v. rarius 3), brevia, anantbera, pilia longis articulatis dense barbata. 
Ovarium sessile, 3-loculare, loculis biseriatim 5-G-ovulatis. %fw apice sim- 
plex, subpenicillato-stigmatosus. Bei/t/t. in Hook. Niger Flora, 544. 



PALISOTA Barteri; acaulis, foliis omnibus radiealibus petiolatis oblongo- v. 

obovato-lanceolatis louge acuminatis integerrimis subsenceo-pilosis margim- 

bus villosis, raccmo brevi ovoideo densifloro. 
P. Barteri. Tab. nostr. 



One of the many discoveries of the lamented Mr. Barter, the 
indefatigable and most successful botanist to Dr. Baikie s Niger 
Expedition. The first specimens we received were found by 
Barter in a grove of oil-palms {Elcek guineensis) m Fernando i o, 
and it has since been gathered in the same place by M. Gustav 
Mann (collector for the Royal Gardens), from whom living plants 
were received. Both collectors describe the flower as white, which 
with us have a decidedly faint purple tinge. 

The only other known species of Palisota is P thynifiora, 
Benth., also a native of Fernando Po and other places m the 
Bight of Benin, which differs wholly in the tall stem and 
branched inflorescence. f 

Descr. An almost stemless herbaceous plant, one to three lefil 
high. Leaves springing from the root, one to two leet long, 
obovate-oblong or elliptic-lanceolate, narrowed at the base into 
a petiole of very variable length, attenuated at the apex into a 
long slender point ; petiole and lamina more or less covered with 
rather silky hairs, margin villous with a soft downy edging, very 

jcxe 1st, 1862. 



conspicuous in the dried specimens. Peduncle short, terminal, 
usually shorter than the petioles, solitary, erect, bearing an erect, 
oblong, dense, thyrsoid raceme of pale purplish flowers. Sepals 
and petals nearly equal. Stamens three, staminodia with a pencil 
of beaded hairs. Ovary covered with long hairs. 



Fig. ]. Flower. 2 and 3. Stamens. 4. Staminodium. 5. Beaded hair from 
the same. 6. Ovary -.—all magnified. 



5319 




"f^nzer: 



Tab. 5319. 
ANTHURIUM Scherzerianum. 

Scherzers Anthurium. 



Nat. Orel. Orontiace^e. — Tetrandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Spatha ad basin usque explanata, herbacea, colorata, erecta patula 
v. refracta. Spadix varius. Ovarium septo axeos directione, loculainentis 2, v. 
abortu regulari uniovulatis. Stigma septi directionis. Ovula anatropa, breviter 
funiculata. Baccee maturitate e sepalis protrusse, varie coloratse. — Caudex abbre- 
viates v. elongates, scavdevs et radicans. Vaginae stipulares, oppositifolirs, mpe 
folio deficiente, bis ter superpositae. Petiolus into inmidus, bret'mime vaginulalus, 
apice geniculates. Lamina folii pseudoneuro intimo continuo, interrupto v. ternn- 
nali instructa. Pedunculi solitarii. — Germinatio admotim. Schott, Prod. Syst. 
Aroid.p. 436. 



Anthurium Scherzerianum ; caudicis brevis internodiis brevibus, petiolo sulcato 
internodio multoties longiore, geniculo raediocri sulcato, folio elongato ob- 
longo v. anguste lanceofato-oblongo basi obtuso v. rotundato apice longo 
sensim acuminato utrinque punctato, pseudoneuro a margine subremoto, 
pedunculo petiolis duplo longiore, spadice juliforrai subcylindrico vix stipitato 
coccineo, spatlia intense oocciuea, spadice breviore late elliptica basi rotun- 
data apice acuto v. cuspidate 

A. Scherzerianum. Schott, I.e. 440. 



A very singular little plant, remarkable amongst its congeners 
for its small size, and the brillant colour of its spadix and spathe, 
which are retained for some time on the plant. According to 
Dr. Schott, the author of the species, it was discovered in Guate- 
mala by M. Scherzer, and afterwards found at Costa Rica by 
Wendland, through whom it was introduced to the Royal Gardens 
of Hanover, and thence sent to those of Kew, where it flowered 
in April of the present year. 

Descr. A small plant, hardly forming a stem as yet in our 
houses. Leaves of a deep-green colour and coriaceous consistence, 
with a pale midrib and slender petioles. Peduncle longer than 
the petioles, the upper part as well as the whole spathe and spadix 
of a bright scarlet colour and shining surface. Spathe ovate, 



■HNE 1st, 1862. 



about an inch long, subacute. Spadix rather longer than the 
spathe. Sepals four, obconic trigonous, broadly truncate at the 
apex. Stamens four ; filaments very short and broad ; anther- 
cells distinct. Ovary cubical, two- to four-celled. 



Fig. 1. Spadix. 2. Flower. S and 4. Stamens. 5. Ovary. 6. Longitu- 
dinal, and 7. Transverse section of ovary -.—all magnified. 



5310. 




"WTitxk.dei. etlldr. 



VirxeriBrooks/fap- 



Tab. 5320. 
OREODAPHNE California. 

Californian Mo un ta in- Laurel. 



Nat. Ord. Laurinej:. — Enneandria Monogynia. 



Gen. Char. Hermaphrodite v. dioicse v. polygamae. Perianthium 6-partitum 
v. 6-fidum, subsequale ; limbo demum evanescente. Stamina 9 ; antherm oblongae 
in filamentis angustatae, locelli quaterni, per paria unus super altero positi, an- 
therarum trium interiorum reversi. Staminodia quarti ordinis v. 0, v. subulata, 
aut saltern minus completa. Bacca perianthii tubo in cupulam profundam cras- 
samque converso truncatoque, magis v. minus inversa. — Inflorescentia panicuhta 
v. racemosa, plerisaue densa, multis etiam brevis et thyrsoidea, axillaris v. umbel- 
lulata. Nees, Syst. Laur. 462. 



Oreodaphne Californica ; foliis glaberrimis anguste oblongis oblongo-lanceola- 
tisve subacutis supra reticulatim venosis subtus glaucis, pendunculo com- 
muni axillari solitario cano-pubescente, floribus umbellulatis, umbellulis 
involucro globoso tectis, floribus viridibus pedicellis validis basi strigosis. 

Oreodaphne Californica. Nees, I. c. 463. 

Tetrakthera (?) Californica. Hook, and Am. Bot. Beech., p. 159. 



This fine evergreen and hardy tree is described by David 
Douglas as forming the greater part of the forests of California, 
where it marks the transition between the gloomy pine-forests of 
North- West America and the tropical-like verdure of California. 
He further states that it is a tree 30-100 feet high, with a 
trunk 2-17 feet in circumference, smooth bark, and spreading 
branches. Douglas states further, that the whole plant is so 
strongly aromatic, that even during violent hurricanes he has 
been obliged to remove from under its shade — the odour (a most 
powerful camphor-like smell) being so pungent as to produce 
violent sneezing. The hunters make a decoction of the leaves, 
which imparts warmth. The first discoverer of the species was 
the late Mr. Menzies, surgeon and naturalist to Vancouver's Ex- 
pedition, from whom I received specimens collected upwards of 
half a century ago. 
June 1st, 1862. 



Oreodaphne Californica was first introduced into England by 
David Douglas himself, and there is an original plant still in the 
Royal Gardens of Kew. The plant from which our figure was 
made was however received from Berlin, and flowered in March 
of the present year. The odour of the bruised leaves is, 
Douglas says, very powerful indeed. 



as 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2 and 3. Stamens. 4. Ovary -.—all magnified. 



5321 




^firxenrBroc 



Tab. 5321. 
ECHINOSTACHYS Pineliana. 

Banded Echinostachys. 



Nat. Ord. Bkomeliace^:. — Hexandria Monogynia. 



Gen. Char. Calyx tubo adnato, nee superius libero, lobis sequalibus, convo- 
lutis, mucronatis. Petala medio constricta, ungue lato superne squamulis fim- 
briatis aucto. Stamina petalis opposita ; filamento undique adnato. Ovarium 
crassum, camosum, ovulis 3 ex apice loculorum pendulis. — Herba acaulis, basi 
surculosa, furfuraceo-canescens ; foliis confertis, ligulatis, canaliculars, basi dila- 
tatis, margins aculeatis ; scapo terminali, erecto, sesquipedali ; bracteis lanceo- 
latis purpureis ornato ; spica cylindrica, densa, bractearum apicibus exsertis subu- 
latis echinata ; floribus flavis post anthesin nigrescentibus, amplitudine circiter 
^chmse fulgentis. Brongn. in Planch. Sort. Donat. 25. 



Echinostachys Pineliana, Brongn. 1. c. 



A singular and striking plant, from the vivid colour of the 
peduncle and bracts. According to Planchon, in his ' Hortus 
Donatensis,' or Catalogue of Plants cultivated in the houses of 
Prince A. Demidoff at San Donato, near Florence, it is a 
native of Rio de Janeiro. The precise habitat of our specimen 
has been lost, but it was sent to us from the establishments of 
M. Mackoy, of Liege. 

Descr. Whole plant two to three feet high; almost stemless. 
Leaves linear, rigid, concave, spinulose-dentate along the mar- 
gin, acute and pungent at the apices, uniformly covered on both 
surfaces with fine appressed silvery furfuraceous down, minutely 
striated, and very obscurely transversely fasciate with brown. 
Flowering stem a foot high, terete, erect, wholly covered with 
loosely-sheathing lanceolate acuminate bright-red bracts, three to 
four inches long, and membranous. Spike dense, cylindrical, 
two inches long, spinulose from the projecting spines of the 
bracts. Bracts oblong, shorter than the calyx, blunt, abruptly 

JUNE 1st, 1862. 



terminated by a spine that exceeds the flower in length. Ovary 
pubescent, bluntly trigonous. Sepals of the same form as the 
brack, but emarginate at the apex with a very short spine. 
Petals yellow, convoluted, with fringed incurved apices. Stamens 
six, glabrous, alternating with as many thickened hairy glands 
on the perianth. Style erect, with a three-lobed stigma. 



Fig. 1. Flower and bracts. 2. The same, with the bracts removed. 
Slower, with perianth laid open:— all magnified. 



5322. 




IV 


\ 


'vs. 





" 



Tab. 5322. 

RHODODENDRON Dalhousijs, hjbridum. 

Lady Balhousies Rhododendron ; hybrid var. 



Nat. Ord. Erice^e. — Decandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. (Vide Tab. 4336.) 



Rhododendron Dalhousiee ; hybridum. 



A fine plant of this has been presented to us by Isaac Ander- 
son Henry, Esq., of Hay Lodge, Trinity, Edinburgh, as a hybrid, 
the offspring of Bhodode?idro?i formosum (see our Tab. 4457), fer- 
tilized by the pollen from B. Dalhousia (see our Tab. 4718). 
The size of the flowers is that of its noble parent B. Dalhousia, 
but it has derived a tinge of pink from B. formosum, and the 
ciliated calyx also resembles the latter species, while the leaves 
are intermediate in size, and are quite glabrous. The anthers 
are small and abortive. 



Fig. 1. Calyx and base of the ovary : — magnified. 2. Stamen. 3. Pistil : 
— natural size. 



JULY 19T, 1862. 



j3Z3. 




&. id. i 



Tmcent. Brcctejrrp- 



Tab. 5323. 

OELOGYNE Parishit. 

Mr. Parish's Ccelogyne. 



Nat. Ord. Obchide.e. — Gynandma Monandria. 

Gen. Chat'. Sepala conniventia v. patentia, libera, aequalia, petaloidea. Petala 
nunc sepalis conformia, nunc linearia. Labellum cucullatum, ssepius trilobum, 
lineis disci elevatis v. cristatis, nunc integerrimura ecristatum (in § Paniscia). 
Columna erecta, libera, margine alata, apice dilatata, nunc cucullata, stigmata 
bilabiate Anthera bilocularis septo medio non partibili, infra apicem columnae 
inserta. Pollinia 4, libera (°o), incumbentia, nunc basi materie granulosa co- 
haerentia. — Herbae supra arbores et saxa vigentes, foliorum basibns in pseudo- 
bulbos dilatatis, rhizomate nunc crasso sqvemoso, nunc obsoleto. Folia coriacea, 
sapius venis distinctis cequallbm nunc quibusdam, crassioribus codata v. plicata. 
Raeemi terminates v. radicates e squamis (bractds sterilibus) come is erumpentes. 
Flores speciosi, scepe odorati. Lindl. 



Ccelogyne ParisUi ; pseudobulbis elongatis cylindraceo-tetragonis angustis, 
foliis terminalibus binis ovato-oblongis acutiusculis nervosis, pedunculo 
terminal! erecto subsexfloro, floribus 3-uncialibus erectiusculis flavo-viridi- 
bus, bracteis membranaceis circa ovarium convolutis, sepalis petalisque mi- 
• noribus patentissirais lanceolatis, labello pandurato trilobato viridi maculis 
atropurpureis irrorato, disco lineis tribus elevatis, lobo medio subrotundo 
ddatato undulato-crispato obtuso bicristato. 



From the collection of Messrs. Low, of the Clapton Nursery, 
who received it from the Rev. C. S. P. Parish, of Moulmein, 
where it appears epiphytal. In colour and general structure it 
has a close affinity with C. pandurata, figured at our Tab. 5084, 
but it is much smaller in all its parts : the pseudobidbs are very 
different in shape, and there are striking differences in the bracts 
and in the shape and surface of the lip. 



Fig. 1. Front view of the lip. 2. Front view of the column. 3 and 4. Front 
and back view of the polleu-masses : — magnified. . 



Jlli i ST) i8 63- 



Tab. 5324. 
ISCHARUM Pyrami. 

Calla-leaved Iscliarum. 



Nat. Ord. Akoide.'e. — Moncecia Polyandkia. 

Gen. Char. Spatha marcescens ; tubus ventricosus, ima basi tantum conuatus ; 
faux constricta ; lamina lanceolata, recurvata. Spadix androgynus, liber, cras- 
sulus, spatha paulo longior, spica ab antherarum contiguarum spica parte neutra 
remota, radii basi dilatata ; organa neutra infra antheras tantum sparsa ; appen- 
dix crasse subulata, erecta. Flosculi nudi ; Masculi : antherm sessiles, compres- 
sulse, horizontaliter exsertae ; connectivum tenue, vix prominulura, loculi oppositi, 
vertice poris oblongis vel rimulis tandem confluentibus aperientes, antheram 
bivalvem mentientes ; Fceminei : ovarium uniloculare ; stylus ex ovario abrupte 
exsertus, subulato-cylindricus ; stigma hemisphaericum ; placenta in fundo ovarii, 
subexcentrica, obsoleta, uniovulata; funiculus indistinctus, vix ullus; ovulum 
(solitarium) erectum, orthotropum, lagena?forme, micropyle tholispectante ; NlU- 
tri sparsi, ])atentis v. patentissimi, subulati, longuli v. obsoleti. Fructus ? — 
lierbse kumiles. Tuber rotundatum. Vaginae plures. Folia 4-5, lamina ellip- 
tico- vel lanceolato-oblonga, in petiolum longum decurrentia. Pedunculus brevis. 
Spatha ante folia producta, tubo e terra siibexserto, lamina sordide atropicrpurea. 
Spadix erectus, livido-purpureus. Schott. 



IscHAitUM Fyrami; foliis elliptico-subobovatis sensim in petiolum longum atte- 
nuatis apice obtusis oblique nervosis, spatha e tubo ventricoso brevi lato- 
lanceolatis longe acuminatis demum revolutis intus atropurpureo-velutinis, 
spadice spatbam subsequante inferne organis tecto, ovariis stylo longiusculo 
attenuatis, organis neutris elongatis filiformibus ovariis contiguis, antherarum 
spica brevi semi-pollicari, appendice fusiformi kmgitudine fere spathse. 

IsciiARUM Pyrami? Schott, Prodr. Sgst. Aroid.p. 66. 



Schott is the great authority for the genera of Aroideoua 
plants, for no one has studied them with more care, nor figured 
and described them more accurately ; but it must be confessed 
that both the species and genera seem to us to be needlessly mul- 
tiplied. The genus of which Schott quotes Blume as the author, 
is in reality only a section of Biarum with Blume, and all the 
characters the latter attributes to this section are "Orientalia sive 
Isch ara." Ten species are described by Schott, mostly of Syrian 
July 1st, 1862. 



origin ; but the characters are so finely drawn, that I cannot say 
with certainty that our plant well accords with any of them. 

The tubers were brought from the Lake of Tiberias, by Dr. 
Hooker, in 1861, and the flowers were produced in a warm 
greenhouse, in January, 18C2, and were soon succeeded by the 
foliage, which has considerable resemblance to that of Catta pa- 
lustris. 



Fig.l. Spadix : — natural size. 2. Anther. 3. Pistil. 4. Pistil; the ovary 
laid open : — magnified. 



5325. 




Tab. 5325. 
CLUSIA Brongniartiana. 

Bronc/niarf s Clusia. 



Nat. Ord. GuttiferjE. — Polyandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx 4- 8-sepalus, coloratus. Corolla 4-8-petala. Stamina 
numerosa, raro definita. Stylus 0. Stigma radiato-peltatura. Flores vulgo 
polygami et in foemineis ovarium nectario stammeo brevi crasso circuradatum. 
Capsula carneo-coriacea, 5-12-valvis, costis ab apice dehiscentibus. Placenta 
3-angulares, valvulis introflexis affixse ; anguli interni placentarum imam efficiunt 
centralem placentam angulosam. Semina teretia aut placentae centrali aut 
lateralibus angulis affixa. Cotyledones separabiles. — Arbores parasitica, foliis 
oppositis, caulibus scepe tetragonis. Be Cand. 



Clusia Brongniartiana ; frutex erectus ramosus, foliis petiolatis oblongis acumi- 
natis subacutis crassiuscidis nervo medio prominente, lateralibus paucis 
tenuibus, cymis (fl. masc.) terminalibus 3-plurifloris, floribus magnitudine 
mediocri albis (exsiccatione leviter flavescentibus) pedicellatis, bracteis 
calycinis 6 triseriatis adpressis ovato-orbiculatis, sepalis 4 decussatis, petalis 
demum patentibus, receptaculo staminifero prominente quadrato, staminibus 
in acervum quadrilaterum congestis obscure 4-seriatis, filamentis brevibus, 
antheris muticis cuneato-oblongis, loculis 2 linearibus laterali-introrsis. 
Planch, et Triana. 

Clusia Brongniartiana. Planch, et Triana, Ann. des Sc. Nat., kme ser. v. 13, 

p. 355. 
Tovomita oblongifolia. Eort. Bot. Par. {Planch, et Triana.) 



The Royal Gardens of Kew are indebted for the possession 
of this plant to the Jardin des Plantes of Paris. It is a native of 
Cayenne, and is considered among the numerous species of the 
genus Clusia (62 species, as elaborated by the authors above 
mentioned) to be most nearly allied to C.flava, L., and to C. 
ovigera, Planch, et Triana. With us it flowered in the stove in 
January, 1802. 

Descr. A shrub, quite woody below, but the young branches 
are very dark green, terete, very obscurely and obtusely 4-angled. 
Leaves opposite, four to six inches long, oblong, acuminate, very 
thick and coriaceous, veinless, on thick petioles an inch long. 

JULY 1st, 1862. 



Panicles with opposite, thick branches, 8-10 -flowered. Flowers 
all male in our plant, an inch broad, cream-white. Bracteas 
very deciduous. Calyx of four, orbicular, green sepals. Petals 
four, obovate, concave. Anthers red. 



Fig. 1. Section of a flower from which the petals are removed. 2. Section of 
a flower with the petals. 3 and 4. Stamens : — all more or less magnified. 



J326. 







"7mi3enti> 



Tab. 5326. 

SACCOLABIUM miniatum. 

Orange-red Saccolabium. 



Nat. Ord. Orchide,e. — Gynandbia Monandbia. 

Gen. Char. Perianthium explanatum, patens. Sepala petalis aequalia, lateralia 
saepius majora. Labellum indivisum, calcaratum, basi columnas accretum. Co- 
lutnna erecta, semiteres, rostello subulate Anthera semibilocularis. Pollinia 2, 
subglobosa, caudicula elongata, glandula minuta. — Herbae epiphyte, caulescentes. 
Folia disticha, coriacea, apice sapius obliqua. Flores axillares, racemosi v. soli- 
tarii. Lindl. 



Saccolabium miniatum; foliis distichis irabricatis loratis canaliculars apice 
oblique truncatis, racemis brevibus cylindraceis patentibus, bracteis minimis 
acutis, sepalis petalisque ovatis acutis patulis, labello lineari obtuso recurvo, 
calcare recto pendulo tereti breviore intus edentato, polliniis albis. Lindl. 

Saccolabium miniatum. Lindl. in Bot. Beg. 1847, sub t. 26, and Bot. Reg. 
v. 33. t. 58. 



A native of Java, whence it was introduced to our stoves by 
Messrs. Veitch, previous to 1847. Our plant is specifically the 
same as that figured by Dr. Lindley, but the flowers are larger 
and, with the exception of the labellum and spur, much more 
inclined to red than orange. The spikes of blossom appeared 
with us in May of 1802, and continued a long time in perfec- 
tion. It requires much heat and moisture in its cultivation. 

Descr. The stem is short, about the thickness of the little 
finger ; the lower portion is brown, zigzag, and clothed with the 
remains of old foliage, here and there sending out long solitary 
vermicular fibres, by means of which the plant is attached to the 
branches of trees. Leaves rather numerous, eight to ten inches 
long, loriform, coriaceous, canaliculate, bidentate at the apex, arti- 
culated below on a sheathing base. Racemes axillary, solitary, 
somewhat drooping, rather shorter than the leaves, bearing nu- 
merous richly -coloured flowers, each arising from a small, ovate, 
acuminated bract. Ovary linear, coloured. Sepals and petals 
july 1st, 1862. 



spreading horizontally, ovate, acute, uniform in size and shape, 
fine red. Lip small, linear, recurved, with two upright teeth or 
lobes at its base, orange as well as the club-shaped spur, about 
as long as the flower. Column and anther-case scarlet. 



Fig. 1. Flower from which the sepals and petals have been removed, showing 
the lip, spur, and column. 2. Front view of the column and anther. 3. Pollen- 
masses : — all magnified. 



5327. 




YiTxent Bra* 



Tab. 5327. 

NOLAN A (§ Sorema) lanceolata. 

Lance-leaved Nolana. 



Nat. Ord. Solane.e. — Pentandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx subcampanulatus, limbo 5-partito. Corolla infundibuli- 
formis, limbo amplo campanulato plicato 5-10-lobo. Stamina 5, corolla? tubo 
inserta, inclusa vel exserta. Ovaria plura (3-40), disco hypogyno carnoso in- 
serta, libera, 1-8-Iocularia, loculis uniovulatis. Semina in Ioculis solitaria, reni- 
formia, lenticulari-compressa, basi sirophiolo vario instructs. Embryo riliformis, 
annularis, spiralis, albumine amplo, cotyledonibus semiteretibus incumbentibus ; 
radwula infera. — Herbae prostrates vel suffrutices erecti, America meridionalis, 
Convolvuli aut Solanearum/aci'e; foliis attends, geminis fasciculatisque inlegris ; 
pedunculis exlra-axillaribus. De Cand. 



Nolana (§ Sorema) lanceolata; berbacea prostrata incano-pubescens, caule sub- 
• angulato, foliis geminis lanceolatis semi-amplexicaulibus basi oblique adnatis 
hinc decurrentibus, floribus in axillis solitariis speciosis caeruleis. Miers. 

Nolana (Sorema) lanceolata. Choisy, in Be Cand. Prodr. 13, p. 12. 

Sorema lanceolata. liters, in Hook. Lond. Journ. of Bot. (1845) v. 4,jp. 493. 



This very charming and as yet very little known annual pro- 
mises to be a great acquisition to our parterres in summer. It 
is a native of Chili, and was detected at Coquimbo by Mr. Cum- 
ing, and distributed by him under the number 856. Very 
recently, seeds have been introduced by Messrs. Veitch and Sons, 
of the Exeter and Chelsea Nurseries; and the specimen from 
which our figure is taken was communicated to us from Exeter 
in June, 1862. It is a compact-growing plant, and its large 
brilliant blue flowers (a colour so valuable in our flower-borders), 
with a white eye in the centre, are numerous and striking. These 
flowers are very much larger and handsomer than the well-known 
Nolana paradowa (see Bot. Mag. t. 2604), which belongs to the 
same group or section, viz. Sorema. This group was separated 
as a genus by Dr. Lindley, with the character, " Corolla cam- 
panulata. Ovaria 20, libera, cumulata; Drupae 1-loculares, 1- 

AUGTJST 1st, 1862. 



spermae, basi apertse," and adopted by Miers, but with a more 
extended character and with " ovaria 30-40." Our plant exhi- 
bited only five ovaria, unless indeed the glands surrounding them 
can be considered as abortive ovaria (see our Fig. 2). 

Descr. Plant annual, hoary, branched from the base ; branches 
eight inches to one foot long. Leaves geminate, two inches long, 
lanceolate, the outer one of the two decurrent upon the stem. 
Peduncle solitary, axillary, longer than the leaves, single-flowered. 
Calyx with the tube campanulate, prominently five-angled, with 
five erect, green, subulate segments, at length spreading. Corolla 
large, infundibuliform-campanulate, the tube short, yellowish- 
white, gradually expanding into the large, spreading, five-lobed 
limb, each lobe bifid. Stamens five, three short, two long ; f la- 
ments inserted near the base of the hairy tube. Anthers broad, 
ovate. Ovaries five, surrounded by several large (/lands. Style 
pentagonal, stigma clavate, five-lobed. 



Fig. 1. Portion of the corolla laid open, with stamens. 2. Pistil: — magnified. 




VmcentBro 



Tab. 5328. 

GRAMMITIS (Selliguea) caudiformis. 

Taper -pointed Grammitis. 

Nat. Ord. Filices.— -Cryptogamia Filices. 

Gen. Char. Sori nudi, lineares, elongati, crassi, continui, nonniinquarn inter- 
rupts — § Selliguea, Bory. Fence primarue pinnata, retiqum copiose anastomo- 
sanies ; areola irregulares subhexagonee, venulas simplices vel varie ramosas in- 
cludentes. Sori inter venas primarias Usque parallel!. 



Grammitis {Selliguea) caudiformis ; caudice elongate- crasso ramoso copiose 
squamoso, squamis lanceato-subulatis appressis ferrugineis basi dilatatis disco 
affixis, stipitibus remotis plano-triqitetris subspithamseis, frondibus difformi- 
bus firmis coriaceis, sterilibus late ovatis raagis rninusve acuminatis, fertili- 
bus inulto angustionbus ssepe caudatis, soris copiosis unciam sesquiunciam 
longis crassis elevatis emersis non raro varie interruptis. 

a. Soris elongatis continuis (Tab. Nostr. 5328). 

/3. Soris interruptis polypodioideis. 

Selliguea plantaginea. Brack. Fil., U.S. Expl. Exp. p. 58, and. in Herb. Nostr. 

Polypodiom caudiforme. Bl. Fil. Jav. p. 146, I. 54, /. 2, and Metten. Polyp, 
p. "110 (fronde fertili angustiori eaudato-acuminata, soris interruptis). 



This is a very handsome and extremely interesting Fern of the 
Malay Archipelago and Islands, for the possession of which, the 
Royal Gardens are indebted to Mr. Wendland, of the Royal 
Hanoverian Gardens. Some may express surprise that a Fern 
with such very elongated linear sori as we have here represented, 
should be referred by Blume to the genus Pohjpodium (§ Phyma- 
todes) ; but we are so fortunate as to possess specimens exhibit- 
ing all the intermediate grades between the perfect sori of 
Grammitis, § Selliguea, and that form of sori which would 
almost justify its being placed in Pohjpodium. The localities re- 
corded in our herbarium are, a, Java, Zollinger, Be Fries, and 
Teijsmann. n. 5 (our specimen partially breaking up into subor- 
bicular sori) ; n. 1, gathered at an elevation of 10,000 feet, upon 
the mountains; Tahiti (intermediate between the two forms, 
august 1st, 1SP.2. 



Brackenridge) : ft Mergui, Griffith ; Aneiteum, trees on moun- 
tains, New Hebrides (exactly according with the P. ccmdiforme 
of Blume); Fiji Islands, Seemann (Pleuridium mdcanicum, 
J. Sm., in Seeraann's Cat. of Fiji Island Plants). The oldest spe- 
cific name of the plant, which we have preserved, is only expres- 
sive in certain forms of it. 

Descr. Caudex long, creeping on the surface of the ground, 
or more frequently on the trunks of trees. SUpiles a span to a 
foot long. Frond 6-10 inches long, and 3-4 inches wide in the 
broadest part, very firm and coriaceous ; primary veins very con- 
spicuous and very prominent beneath, the rest of the venation 
internal anastomosing and seen with difficulty. 



Fig. 1. Portion of a sterile frond, showing the venation. 2. Portion of a 
fertile frond, showing venation and sorus, and a receptacle from which the sorus 
have been removed : — magnified. 



329. 




"WTFitah. del etlith. 



^iiaeentBrootalicP 



Tab. 5329. 
BOLBOPHYLLUM pavimentatum. 

Clustered Bolbophyllum. 



Nat. Ord. Orchide.e.— Gynandria Monandria. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 5288.) 



Bolbophyllum pavimentatum ; pseudobulbis densissimis subrotundo-oblongis 
compressis monophyllis, foliis oblongis planis pedicellatis, scapo foliis lon- 
giore filiformi erecto arete 4-vaginato, spica densa, floribus carnosis glabris 
bracteis obtusis longioribus, sepalis ovatis acurainatis obtusis, petalis ovatis 
retusis, labello brevi carnoso tomentoso obtuse acuminate revoluto, columna 
biseta. Lindl. 

Bolbophyllum pavimentatum. Lindl. on W. Jfr. Trop. Orchids, in Journ. of 
Proceed, of Linn. Soc. v. 6. p. 128. 



Of the genus Bolbophyllum alone, Tropical Western Africa 
has furnished Dr. Lindley with no less than fourteen species, all 
of which, with the exception of one, are entirely new species, 
and these are all from the collections of the indefatigable Gustav 
Mann. The species now before us was discovered on the banks 
of the Nun, in September, 1860, and it flowered with us in 
February, 1862. The specific name is given from the soil on 
which the plants grew, being as it were, paved with the densely 
compacted pseudobulbs, a resemblance the more striking in the 
dried and compressed specimens, where these pseudobulbs 
would be reduced to a nearly uniform level. The species is com- 
pared by Dr. Lindley to the B. cupreum and B. recurvum. 

Descr. Pseudobulbs subrotund or oval, subcompressed, densely 
clustered, scarcely exceeding an inch in length, terminated by a 
solitary, oblong, coriaceous, rather acute leaf, contracted and con- 
duplicate at the base, so as to be subpetiolate, three to four 
inches long. Scapes slender, about as long as the leaf with four 
to six sheathing bracts, bearing a drooping spike, two inches long-, 
of rather densely imbricated, deep-purple flowers, each sub- 
tended by a short green, ovate, concave bract. Ovary sessile, 

AUGUST 1st, 1862. 



obconical, short, ribbed. Calyx of three spreading, oval-oblong, 
obtuse, fleshy sepals. Petals scarcely half the length of the 
sepals, linear-oblong. Lip thick, fleshy, oblong-ovate, obtuse, very 
obscurely three-lobed, recurved or almost revolute, fringed all 
round with fleshy hairs, and having two lines of the same hairs on 
the disk. Column very short, but the margin is extended into a 
subulate spine on each side as long as the column, and bearing 
a small tooth at its base. 



Fig. 1. Side view of a flower. 2. Front view of flower. 3. Side view of the 
column and lip, the sepals and petals being removed. 4. View of the upper 
side of the lip. 5. Pollen-masses : — all more or less magnified. 



5330. 




Tab. 5330. 

IPOMiEA ALATIPES. 

Wing-footed Ipomaa. 

Nat. Orel. CONVOLVULACEiE. — Pentandria Moxogykia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx 5-sepalus. Corolla campanulata. Stamina inclusa. 8Mm\. 
Stigma capitatum, ssepius bilobura. Ovarium biloculare, locitlis dispermis. Cnp- 
sula bilocularis. — Herbre suffrutices aut etiam arbores, ex omnibus, speciatim e 
calidioribus, regionibus. Chois. 



Ipomjea alatipes ; caule glabro volubili, foliis profunde acuminatis sinu et auri- 
culis obtusissimis glabris 2-3-pollices longis longiuscule pctiolatis, pedun- 
culis 1-4-floris foliis longioribus utrinque ala lata merabranacea, pedicellis 
exalatis glanduligeris saspe tortuosis apice dilatatis, calyce niagno chivato, 
sepalis ovalibus imbricatis, corollas lateritire tubo elongato limbo araplo 
patentissimo, lobis brevissimis emarginatis. 

Tpom.ea pterodes. Seem. Bot. of the Herald, p. 171 (non Chois. in De Cand.). 



Seeds of this handsome species, accompanied by dried speci- 
mens, were sent to us by Sutton Hayes, Esq., under the native 
name of " Mic/wican," as a plant cultivated in gardens on ac- 
count of its beauty. Dr. Seemann also found it at Veraguas, 
but mistook it for the Ipomcea pterodes of Choisy, from which, 
however, it is readily distinguished by the colour of its corolla, 
and by its singularly-winged peduncle bearing from two to four 
flowers. The same species has been detected in Venezuela by 
Pendler (n. 2084), but I do not find it anywhere described. It 
has flowered in the stove of the Royal Gardens, in June, 1862. 

Descr. A strong-growing, rampant climber, with glabrous 
stems, and branches, and foliage. Leaves two to three inches 
long, cordate, acuminate, with a deep obtuse sinus at the base, 
and very obtuse, rounded lobes. Peduncles axillary, furnished 
with a singularly-broad membranaceous wing on each side, two- 
to four-flowered ; the pedicels wingless, but very tortuose, as if 
they might act as tendrils in supporting the long, climbing stem, 
and frequently furnished with glands, possibly abortive branches 

AUGUST 1st, 1862. 



of the pedicels, dilated just below the large, ovate calyx, an inch 
and often more long. Corolla salmon-coloured, three inches in 
diameter. 



Fig. 1. Pistil, arising from a glandular disk, — magnified. 




'■ Rfcdi 3aLetTa£h 



a, imp- 



Tab. 5331. 

ANOMOCHLOA marantoidea. 

Maranta-like Anomochloa. 



Nat. Ord. Gramine^e. — Tetrandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Cliar. Flores hermapliroditi. Spicules uniflorae, in axillis bractearum 
spicae compositse ternatim fasciculata3 (cymis scorpioideis abbreviatae). Glumes 
nullse. Palea dute, carinatse, imparinervise, alternse, florera terminalem invol- 
ventes ; inferior membranacea, nervosa ; superior crassior, subcrustacea, margi- 
nibus ante adpressis, in appendice lineari canaliculato obtuso desinente. Squa- 
mulee nullse ; discus ant annulus piloso-firabriatus staminum basi cingens. Sta- 
mina 4, aequalia et asque distantia. Ovarium oblongum, obliquura ; stylus graci- 
lis ; stigma indivisum, filiforme, exsertum, breve, papillosum. Caryopsis oblonga, 
palea superior! indurata, inclusa; perispermo farinoso ; embryone parvo, basilari 
oblique scutelliformi. — Gramen (Brasiliense) humile, i bliis petiolatis, vagina laxa 
truncata, limbo distincto lato, nervis parallelis. Brongn. 



Anomochloa marantoidea. 

Anomochloa marantoidea. Brongn.in Ann. Sc. Nat. Ser. 3. v. 16. p. 36S. tab. 23. 



In the 5331 figures of plants given in this Magazine, it must 
be confessed the Grasses are not fairly represented. They are 
too uniform in aspect to be generally favourites with cultivators 
in ornamental gardens. Briza maxima, however, is an excep- 
tion, and it finds a place at our Tab. 337; and Coix Lachryma, 
or " Job's Tears," Tab. 479, on account of the curious structure 
of its flowers. The Grass we now figure may surely come under 
the latter category. In its habit it resembles some Maranta- 
ceous plant rather than a Grass, and in the number of its sta- 
mens (four) it departs from the ternary arrangement so prevalent 
among Grasses, and these four are so regularly arranged as to 
indicate no abortive reduction, as in the well-known instance 
of our Sweet-scented Vernal Grass {Anthoxanthum odoratum), 
where the number is reduced to two, as is evident by the va- 
cant space where the third should be. M. Brongniart has given 
a full and admirable description of this plant in the ' Annales,' 

AUGUST 1st, 1862. 



above quoted, to which we must refer our readers. The plant 
is a native of Bahia, in Brazil, and has been introduced to the 
Jardin des Plantes at Paris, whence our living plants have been 
received through the kindness of Professor Decaisne. 

Descr. Apparently perennial. Culms short, erect, leafy, 
chiefly towards the base, with four to six broad leaves, which 
are four to five inches long, one to two inches broad, cordato- 
lanceolate, striated, petiolate ; petiole one to two inches long, 
slender, grooved in front, terminating a long, lax, truncated 
sheath, three to four inches long ; ligule short, obtuse, ciliated. 
Spikes racemose, one or two, terminal on the culm, at first, ac- 
cording to Brongniart, scorpioid, then erect. Mowers sub- 
tended by long, almost leafy, conduplicate, lanceolate bracts, the 
outermost one terminating in a leaf. Spikelets, two to three in 
each bract, with a few bracteoles at their base. Corolla of two 
valves (palete) : the inferior larger, green ; superior one nearly 
white, firm, and crustaceous, terminated by a long, linear, 
grooved appendage. Squamula none; but there is a ciliated 
ring or disk, within which are the stamens and pistil. Stamens 
four, uniformly disposed. Filaments very much extended, slen- 
der. Anthers linear, drooping, yellow, oblong-sagittate. Style 
very long, slender, longer than the valves of the corolla, gra- 
dually passing into the subulate papillose stigma. 



Fig. 1. Two spikelets, removed from the large outer bract. 2. Inner crusta- 
ceous valve of the corolla, enclosing the stamens and pistil. 3. Pistil -.—more 
or less magnified. 



5332 







Tab. 5332. 

NEPHALAPHYLLUM pulchrum. 
Beautiful Cloudy-leaf. 



Nat. Orel. Orchide.e. — Gynandria Monandria. 

Gen. Char. Sepala et petala linearia, patentissiraa v. reflexa. Labellnm cal- 
caratum, integerrimum, liberum, linea media elevata ; limbo petaloideo cum co- 
lumna parallelo. Columna semiteres. Anthera carnosa, triangularis, bilocularis. 
Pollinia 8, subquadrata. — Herbse terrestres, subcaulescentes, glabra ; foliis ovatis 
peliolatis plicatis, supra nebulosis subtus purpurascentibus ; pedunculo terminals 
multijloro ; floribus pedicellatis. Blume. 



Nephalaphyllum pulchrum; floribus dense spicatis, labelli limbo obovato re- 
tuso lineis tribus elevatis versus apicem subulato-papillosis. 

Nephalaphyllum pulchrum. Bl. Bijdrag. p. 372; Tabellen, 32. Lindl. Gen. et 
Sp. Orchid, p. 24. Reichenb. Tenia Orchid, v. 1. p. 216. t. 88./. 1. 



A rare and very little known Orchideous plant, first detected 
by Blume in Java (on Mount Salak), and since by Zollinger. It 
has now been introduced to our gardens by Messrs. Low, of 
Clapton, by whom we were favoured with the flowering specimen 
here represented in May, 1862. A second species, described by 
Blume, is N. tenuiflorum; and Reichenbach is disposed to con- 
sider Cytheris cordifolia, Lindl., from Sylhet (Wallich), as a 
third species. The habit of the genus and the marking of the 
foliage remind one strongly of the now well-known genus Ancec- 
tochilus, and both the genera are terrestrial. 

Descr. Stem ascending, branched, about a span high, with a 
few stout vermicular roots, partially clothed with membranous, 
sheathing scales. Leaves two in our plant, petiolate, submem- 
branaceous, cordato-ovate, acute, five- to seven-nerved, reticulated 
with veins, yellowish-green, slightly tinged with purple (more so 
beneath), and clouded with irregular spots of darker green. Pe- 
duncle terminal, sheathed with bracts at the base, erect, short, 
few- (four to six-) flowered. Flowers in a lax short spike. Sepals 
august 1st, 1862. 



and petals pale-green, with three lines on striae, uniform, linear, 
patent, soon quite reflexed. Lip large, obovate, retuse, white, 
with three elevated lamellae or ridges, green at the base, but to- 
wards the apex murieated as it were with soft yellow papillae : 
the base of the lip is extended into a short didymous spur. 
Column large in proportion to the size of the flower, semiterete, 
yellowish white, the margin expanded into a wing. Anther-case 
subtriquetrous (or rather saddle-shaped). Pollen-masses eight, oc- 
cupying the two cells of the anther-case. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Column and anther, front view. 3. Side view of the 
pollen-masses. 4. Front view of ditto. 5. Side view of labellum and apex. 
6. Front view of ditto : — all more or less magnified. 



5333. 







Tab. 5333. 
agave glaucescens. 

Glaucescenl Agave. 

Nat. Ord. Amajiyllide/E. — Hexandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Perigonuim corollinum, superum, infimdibuliforme, persistens, 
limbi sexpartiti lacitiiis subasqualibus. Stamina 6, tubo perigonii inserts; jila- 
■menia filiformia, sestivatione inflexa, sub authesi exserta; anthera lineares, ver- 
satiles. Ovarium iuferiura, triloculare. Ovula plurima, in loculonim angnio 
centrali biseriata, horizontalia, anatropa. Stylus filifonnis, exsertus, eavus, 
apice pervins ; stigma capitato-trigonnm. Capsula coriacea, trigono-triquetra, 
trilocularis, loculicide trivalvis. Senium plurima, plano-cotnpressa ; testa chnr- 
tacea, marginata ; raphe laterali, umbilieum prope basin lateralem cbalazse sub- 
apicali jungente. Embryo cyiindricus, axilis. albuminis camosi longitudine, ex- 
trernitate radiculari umbilieum spectante. — Herbee acaules v. caulcscentes, inter- 
dtm giganteen, long<vva>, vel semel Jlorentis., in America tropica ct wbtropica cis 
cequatorem indigents, quadam nunc a mortalibus late diffusa? ; foliis radicalibns car- 
nosis, interdum maxhrm, marg'utibns spinosis ; floribus in scapo radicali bractmto 
paniculatis numerosissimis. Midi. 



Agave glaucescens ; caule elongato crasso, foliis crassissimis 2-3-pedalibus 
glaucis spathulato-lanceolatis marginatis integerrimis apice longe spinfs- 
centibus supra concaviusculis subtus valde convexis, scapo bipedali copiose 
subulato-bracteato, spica caudiforrai crasso densifloro cernuo scapo qua- 
druplo longiore demum copiose viviparo, noribus in bracteis subulatis ag- 
gregatis pedicellatis, pedicellis brevibus basi bracteolatis, ovario cylindraceo, 
tubo brevi contracto, limbi laciniis linearibus, staminum filamentis longitu- 
dine perianthii, stylo longiore. 

Agave glaucescens. Hort. Keic. 



Of the fine and in many species stately genus Agave, no less 
than sixty-four species are enumerated and attempted to be cha- 
racterized in Professor Koch's ' Wochcnschrift des Vereines zur 
Beforderung des Grartenbaues in den koniglich Preussischen 
Staaten/ etc., for 1860, chiefly from garden plants, and too often 
plants whose flowers* are unknown. We do not find among 
them one which accords with our present individual, which has 
been cultivated in the Succulent House at Kew, where it was 

SBPTEMBBB 1ST, L8«2. 



received from Galeotti many years ago as a native of Mexico, 
under the name we have here adopted. It flowered in the 
autumn of 1861 for the first time, and was a very attractive ob- 
ject during the whole winter, for the expansion of the innume- 
rable flowers on the long and singularly decurved spike was 
very gradual, and now that we are describing it (August, 186:2) 
the spike still remains with a few imperfect capsules, and an im- 
mense quantity of young plants germinating on the rachis. The 
leaves are withering, and the foliage and most of the stem will 
probably die ; but suckers are produced from the base of the 
stem, and there is altogether a most abundant crop of young 
plants. 

Descr. Stem three to four feet high, and twelve inches in cir- 
cumference, cicatrized with the transverse scars arising from the 
fallen leaves. Leaves two to three feet long, forming a noble 
crown to the stem, very thick and fleshy, and singularly glau- 
cous, spathulato-lanccolate, quite entire, and with a narrow car- 
tilaginous margin, terminated by a long and very pungent and su- 
bulate spine. Scape eight feet long, cylindrical, erect or nearly 
so, beset with large subulate bracts, and terminating in a dense; 
caudate, remarkably deflexed spike, nearly as thick as one's arm, 
of really innumerable, most firmly compacted, and imbricated 
flower-buds. The lowest buds are the first to diverge from the 
rachis, and to expand ; and then the spike becomes herisse with 
the multitude of stamens and styles, and eventually with a large 
crop of young plants, for it is abundantly proliferous, especially 
towards the apex. Bracteoles about three inches long, subulate, 
including two to four shortly pedicelled, green flowers, each about 
an inch and a half long. Ovary inferior, oblong, broader than 
the short free portion of the cylindrical tube ; limb of six rather 
long, linear, obtuse, channelled, spreading segments. Stamens 
as long as the flowers, or even longer. Anthers long, linear. 
Style often as long as the filaments of the stamens. 



Fig. 1. Very reduced flowering plant, 2. Portion of the rachis of the spike, 
with flowers -.—natural size. 3. Bract, bracteoles, and flowers -.—slightly mag- 
tiijied. 4. Apex of a leaf -.—natural size. 




W?it&.te etlith. 






Tab. 5334. 

PHILADELPHIA hirsutus. 

Hairy Philadelphus, or Mock Orange. 



Nat. Orel. Philadelphe.e. — Icosandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx tubo obovato, turbinate, cum ovario connato; limbi superi 
quadri-quinquepartiti laciniis eestivatiorie valvatis. Corolla; petala 4-5, suit an- 
nulo epigyno iuserta, calycis laciniis alferna, obovata, festival ione eonvolutiva. 
Stamina plurima, cum petalis ioserta; filamaila compresso-plana, subulata; <///- 
them introrsre, biloculares, ovato- v. subgloboso-didymse, longitudinaliter dehis- 
centes. Ovarium inferum, quadri-quinque- ravius octo-decemloculare. Ovxta in 
placentis loculorum angulo centrali adnatis pluriraa, pluriseriatim imbricata, pen- 
dula. Styli 4-5, filiformes, basi coaliti, superne plus minus distincti; stigmata 
oblonga v. linearia, discreta v. coalita. Capsula coriacea, calyce corticata, quadri- 
decemlocularis, apice breviter exserto loculicide quadri-decemvalvis, valvis medio 
septiferis, indivisis v. tandem septicide bifidis. Semina pluriraa, pendula, pluri- 
seriatim imbricata, oblonga ; testa merabranacea, utrinque relaxata, reticulata, 
ad umbilicum fimbriata, nucleum multo minorem includens. Embryo in axi al- 
buminis carnosi orthotropus ; cotyledonibm ovatis, plano-convexis ; radicula longa, 
cylindrica, supera. — Frutices in Europa austral* vel in America boreali temperata 
indigent ; foliis oppositis, epunctatis, petiolatis, simplicibus, dentatis vel subinteger- 
rii/iis ; floribus corymboso-cymosis subpaniculatis, v. rarius axillaribus, bracteatis, 
albis, s/epe suaveolentibus. Fmdl. 



Philadelphus hirsutus; foliis petiolatis ovatis acuminata grosse dentatis 
3-nerviis supra pubescenti-scabris subtus calycibus pedicellisque canescenti- 
hirsutis, floribus aggregatis, pedicellis brevibus, calycis segmentis ovato- 
triaugularibus, stylo brevi stigmatibus connatis. 

Philadelphus hirsutus. Nutt. Gen. v. 1. p. 301. Be Cand. Prodr. v. 3. p. 2015. 
Lindl. Bot. Reg. v. 24. t. 14. Torrey et Gray, Ft. N. Am. v. 2. p. 595. 

Philadelphus trinervius. Schrad. in Linnaa, v. 12. p. 47- 



The American species of Philadelphus are not very readily 
distinguished from each other ; and if we are correct, as we be- 
lieve, in naming this P. hirsutus, it is a native of Oregon coun- 
try, North-west America, whence it was imported recently by 
the Messrs. Veitch. It does not in any way differ from the 
original authentic specimens in our herbarium of P. hirsutus, 

SEPTEMBER 1st, 1862. 



gathered in Tennessee, of the United States, the only other loca- 
lity recorded for it. 

The common Philadelphia, or Mock Orange of the gardens, 
has long been known by the name of " Syringa ;" and it is the 
" Syringa alba, seu Philadelphia Athensei" of Bauhin and other 
old classical botanical writers. Syringa vulgaris is the botanical 
name, as is well known, of the common Lilac, and this circum- 
stance led Mr. Curtis, Bot. Mag. t. 183, to quote under the 
common Lilac a passage from old Gerard relating to the peculiar 
odour of the flowers of the PJriladelphus coronarius (see our 
Tab. 391): — "They have a pleasant sweete smell, but in my 
judgement they are too sweete, troubling and molesting the 
head in a very strange manner. I once gathered the flowers, 
and laid them in my chamber window, which smelled more 
strongly after they had lien together a few howers, with such a 
poutiche and unacquainted savor, that they awakened me from 
sleepe, so that I could not take any rest until I had cast them 
out of my chamber." Curtis afterwards corrected this error, 
but suggested, to prevent similar mistakes in future, to cease 
applying the term Syringa to the Philadelphia altogether ; but 
this is more easily said than done. It is supposed that in both 
cases the name was derived from <rvpLy%, a pipe, from the use 
made of the long straight stems for pipe-tubes. The odour of 
the common Mock Orange is indeed very powerful, by some 
compared to fresh Cucumber, by others to that of smelts. Of 
our P. Ursulas, the smell of the plant, especially in the dried 
state, is that of Melilot. 



5335. 







Tab. 5:535. 
ourisia coccinea, 
Scarlet-JIowered Ourisia. 



Nat. Ord. Scrophularie.e. — Didynamia Gymnospermia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx 5-lobus vel 5-partitus. Corolla infmidibuliformis, incurva 
v. obliqua ; limbi 5-fidi laciniis obtusis planis. Stamina 4, didynama, inclusa; 
antherte subreniformes, loculis divaricatis cpnfluentibus. Stylus apicc capitato- 
stigmatosus. Capsula loculicide bivalvis, valvulis medio septiferis pUtcmtu au- 
ferentibus. Semina plurima, testa Jaxa reticulata. — Herbse basi raruu lignes- 
centes, Austro-Americanae vel Australasicae. Folia opposlta, nunc omnia con- 
formia, nunc radicalia peliolata, caulina subnulla, floralia bracteaformia opposlta 
vel verticillata. Flores aut axillares solitarii, ant ad apicem pedunculi v. capi- 
formes racemosi vel subumbellati. Betith. in Be Cand. 



Ourisia (§ Dicuroma) coccinea ; caule brevissimo repeute, foliis subradicali- 
biis longe petiolatis cordato-ovatis crenatis, floralibus oppositis cuneatis 
inciso-dentatis, racemo elongato, floribus dissitis, corollas tubo calyce plus 
triplo longiore. Benth. 

Ourisia coccinea. Pers. Syn. PI. v. 2. p. 169. Benth. in Be Cand. Prodr. v. 10. 
p. 192. Gay, II. Chil. v. o.p. 132. 

Dichroma coccinea. Cav. Tc. v. 6. p. 59. t. 582. 



This truly lovely plant, never yet known in cultivation,' and 
of which no coloured figure has anywhere appeared, was re- 
cently imported from the Andes of Chili by those enterprising 
and eminent nurserymen, Messrs. Veitch and Son (a firm, we 
believe, of three generations of the family), of Exeter, and King's 
Road, Chelsea. All the species of the genus are beautiful, and 
they number thirteen, inhabitants of the southern hemisphere, 
and chiefly the extratropical regions on the high Andes of South 
America, coming down to the coast in the Straits of Magellan. 
Two species, O. chamcedrifolia and muscosa, are found in the 
Andes of Peru and Ecuador (Jameson) : one is a native of New 
Zealand, and one of Tasmania. There can be little doubt of 
0. coccinea proving a hardy plant in our gardens, as far as cli- 
mate is concerned; but it is best cultivated in a cold frame, 

SEPTEMBER 1ST, 1862. 



like alpine plants in general. In the spring of this year we wit- 
nessed its beautiful appearance thus treated in Messrs. Veitch's 
Nursery, Exeter. 

Descr. Herbaceous, slightly pilose on the scape, veins of the 
foliage, etc. Leaves mostly radical, long-petiolate, cordate, with 
a deep sinus, obtuse, unequally lobed, and crenate all round the 
margin, rather strongly veined, pale-coloured beneath. Scape a 
foot and more long, erect, terete, bearing one or two petiolated 
leaves at the base. Floivers in opposite pairs, racemose, each 
subdented by a somewhat palmate or digitated, erect, herba- 
ceous bract. Pedicels single-flowered, an inch and a half long, 
tinged with red, erect. Flower drooping. Calyx green, tinged 
with purple, of live, spreading, deep, lanceolate lobes. Corolla 
as long as the pedicels, bright scarlet; tube long, dilated, up- 
wards ; limb two-lipped, five-lobed, each lobe obtuse and bifid, 
scarcely patent. Stamens included ; filaments inserted above the 
middle of the tube. Ovary ovate. Style filiform, as long as the 
corolla. 



Fig. 1. Corolla, laid open. 2. Pistil: — magnified. 



3336. 




Tab. 5,336. 

EPIDENDRUM prismatocarpum. 

Prism-fruited Bpidcndrum . 



Nat. Ord. Orciiide.e. — Gyxandria Monandkia. 



Gen. Char. Sepala patentia, subsrqualia, lateralibus basi hand productis. 
Tetala nunc conformia et axpialia, nunc diversissima. Labell/im ungaiculatum, 
cum coluimia parallelum et omniuo v. parte connatum : limbo intogro v. diviso, 
basi seeping callo duplici, costa v. tuberculo nunc intcrjectis instructo ; nunc vcri- 
similiter in calcar production, pedicello immersum ideoque columnae caniculum 
formans. Columella elongata : clinandrio margioato WBpe iiuibriato, semiteres 
ecornis, basi ssepius cauiculata. Follinia 4, coriacca, sequalia, compressa ; cau- 
dicidis totidem replicatis; glandnla libera nulla. Anthera carnosa, 2-4-locularis. — 
Herbse epiphytae America? calidioris, nunc terrestres. Caulis nunc pseudobulbosus 
nunc elongatus, foliosus. Folia carnosa rarissime venis elevatis striata. Flores 
solitarii, spicati, racemosi, corymbosi, vel paniculati, terminales vel laterales, sce- 
pius siccati coriacei, raplnbus farcti. Lindl. 



Epidexdrum prismatocarpum ; pedunculo elongato multitioro, ovario abbreviato 
triptero, sepalis petalisque ligulato-lanceolatis acutis, labello unguiculato 
cordato acuminato utrinque obtuse auriculato, crista bicruri linea interjecta 
lanceolata, clinandrii appendice quadrata tridentata. Lindl. 

Epidexdrum prismatocarpum. H. G. Reichenbach, in Bat. Zeit. 1852. p. 729. 
Lindl. Fol. Orchid. Epidendr. p. 9. n. 23. 

Epidexdrum Uro-Skinneri. Ilortulan. 



This peculiar-looking species of Epidendrum we have received 
in July, 1862, from the stove of Mr. Low, of the Clapton Nur- 
sery, and also from Mr. Tucker, gardener to George Reed, Esq., 
Burnham, Somerset. It appears to have been cultivated in some 
gardens under the name of E. Uro-Skinneri, but Dr. Lindley 
refers ns to the Bot. Zeit. for 1852, where it was published 
from dried specimens under the name of E. prismatocarpum, so 
named on account of the three sharp angles or wings of the 
ovary. It is an inhabitant of Chiriqui, Veragua, Central America, 
and is one of the many interesting discoveries of the botanical 

SKPTEMBER 1ST, 1862. 



traveller Warszewicz. Reichenbacli says, "flowers small, lip 
brown, dotted ;" but such is not the case in the living plant. 

Descr. Pseudobtdb ovate, tapering upwards into a kind of neck, 
green, obscurely furrowed, crowned with three ligulate scarcely 
coriaceous, flaccid leaves, almost a foot long, and an inch and a 
half broad. Scape from the centre of these leaves terete, erect. 
Raceme almost a foot long, many-flowered. Bracts minute. 
Pedicels scarcely an inch long, terminated by a turbinate, tri- 
quetrous ovary. Sepals and petals uniform, spreading, an inch 
and more long, oblong-lanceolate, shortly acuminate, pale-yellow, 
with many dark-purple blotches, variable in size, fewer on the 
sepals than on the petals, or sometimes none Lip the same 
length as the petals, unguiculate, white, greenish at the base : 
two lateral lobes short and rounded, very obtuse, middle lobe 
trowel-shaped, very acuminate, the upper side with a large pur- 
ple-lilac blotch, varying in intensity : the disk of the lip has an 
elevated ridge, with a longitudinal cleft in the lower half. Column 
semiterete, terminated by three fimbriated lobes, with a brown 
blotch at the base. 



Fig. 1. Column and lip, seen from above. 2. Front view of the column. 
3 and 4. Pollen-masses : — magnified. 



5331. 




W. FitcK, del. ez bill 



V.ncerX Brooks, lir^- 



Tab. 5337. 

DIMORPHOTHECA Barbers. 

Mrs. Barber s Dimorphotheca. 



Nat. Ord. Composite. — Syngenesia Polygamia Necessaria. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 5252.) 



Dimorphotheca Barberia ; herbacea, tenuiter glanrluloso-puberula, foliis ob- 
lougo-lanceolatis basi longe attenuatis acutis distanter calloso-denticulatis 
integerriniisve, ramis apice aphyllis monocephalis, involucri squamis acumi- 
natissimis margine scariosis, floribus disci (omnibus sterilibus) dimorphis, 
exteriorum lobis patulis apice barbatis,interiorum lobis conniventibus inflato- 
cucullatis triangularibus glabris, achseniis radii lsevibus. Harv. 

Dimorphotheca Barberise. Harv. MSS. in Herb. T. C. B. 



A native of Kreilis' Country, Caflraria, where it was discovered 
by Henry Bowker, Esq. It is described by Mrs. F. W. Bar- 
ber, to whom we are indebted for seeds and dried specimens, as 
" a lovely plant," conspicuous for its brilliant purple flowers. 
Unlike most of the species of Dimorphotheca, the ray-flowers are 
much more deeply coloured on the upper or inner surface than 
on the outer. The disk-flowers are remarkable for having co- 
rollas of two forms. Raised at Kew, where it flowered in June, 
1862. 

Descr. Stems herbaceous, slightly lignescent at base, purple 
erect or ascending, subsimple, laxly leafy. Leaves broadly lan- 
ceolate or oblong-lanceolate, four or five inches long, from half 
to three-quarters of an inch wide, the lower ones tapering greatly 
at base into a petiole, the upper sessile, all remotely denticulate 
or quite entire. The stems, foliage, peduncles and calyx are 
minutely puberulous, with spreading gland-tipped hairs. Flowers 
on terminal, naked peduncles, two and a half inches across. Iiaj/- 
fiorets brilliant purple above, pale mauve beneath. Dz>£-florets 
all deep purple ; the corollas of the outer ones with five, spread- 
ing, externally bearded lobes ; those of the inner florets with 

1ST SEPTEMBER, 1862. 



connivent, glabrous, puffy-concave or caplike lobes, flattened on 
the summit and three-cornered. — W. H. H. 



Fig. ]. Floret of the ray. 2. Section of the same, showing the deeply forked 
style. 3. Outer floret of the disk, with its bearded corolla. 4. Style i'rom the 
same. 5. Inner floret of the disk, with its connivent and inflated corolla. 6. 
The same, cut open, showing the anthers. 7. One of the inflated or hooded 
lobes. 8. Style from the same floret : — magnified. 



533S. 




Vincent Brooks, Imp 



Tab. 5338. 

lilium auratum. 

Golden- striped Lily. 

Nat. Ord. Liltace.*:. — Hexandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx 6-sepalus, corollaceus, regularis, deciduus ; sepala distincta, 
saepe basi angustato-unguiculata, inferne campanulato- rarius infundibulari- 
conniventia, superne patentia vel revoluta, intus supra basin sulco nectarifluo 
exarata ; sulco nudo vel fimbriato-ciliato. Prrefloratio alternativa. Stamina 6, 
imae basi sepalorum inserta. Filamenta filiibrmia, apice subulata. Anthera 
lineares, emarginatte vel obtusas, basi bilobae, antice supra basin affixse, utroque 
marline secundum longitudinem debiscentes, apertse, curvatse, incumbentes. 
Ovarium liberum, prismatico-trigonura (bexa(juetruin in Martagone), sex-sulca- 
tum, triloculare ; ovula in loculis crebra, biserialia horizontalia, anatropa. Stylus 
terminalis, cylindricus rectus vel subeurvatus, deciduus. Stigma toroso-incras- 
satum, trigonum, apice trilobum. Capsula subcoriacea, oblonga vel obovata, 
hexagona, apice obtusa et vertice depressa, basi brevissime attenuato-substipi- 
tata, trilocularis, superne loculicido-trivalvis ; valvce medio septifenfi filo suturis 
interjecto fibrillisque subalternis pectinato-ramoso connexse ; columella centralis 
nulla. Semina in loculis crebra, biserialia, horizontalia, oblique obovata, late 
alato-marginata, fusca vel lutescentia ; hilum parvum ; testa membranacea, ope 
mernbranse internee tenuisshnas albumini cartilagineo-carnoso arete adnata, mar- 
gine ubique membranaceo-dilatata ; raphe obsoleta, filiformis, ad latus rectius, e 
vertice per marginem descendens. Embryo rectus vel lsevissime sigmoideus, 
albumine magis uiinusve brevior ; radicula hilo proxima. — Herbas bidbosce, bulbo 
squamoso, sape per rhizoma infra produclum repente. Caulis simplex, erectus, 
foliatus, apice uni-multijiorus ,• floribus pedunculatis, umbellatis corymbosis vel 
racemosis, magnis, speciosis, erectis vel nutantibus. Folia sparsa vel verticillata, 
pier unique angusta. Kunth. 



Lilium auratum ; caulegracili (unifloro?), foliis anguste lanceolatis basi acutis, 
flore subdeclinato maximo crateriformi candido odoratissimo, sepalis peta- 
lisque multo latioribus lanceolatis acuminatis apice recurvis basi intus vil- 
losis superficie spinulosa et guttulnta, filamentis basi leviter raouadelpbis. 
Lindl. 

Lilium auratum. Lindl. in Gard. Chron. July 12, 1848, p. 644 b. 



It may be presumed that this Lily has been one of the most 
attractive, if not the most attractive, object of the present floral 
season (1862) ; it was recently imported from Japan by Messrs. 
Veitch and Sons, of Exeter and Chelsea, through Mr_ T. J. G. 
Veitch, who makes the following mention of its locality : — •" It is 

OCTOBER 1st, 1862. 



found growing wild on hillsides in the midland provinces of 
Japan (no particular island stated) ; the flowering season, July 
and August, during which months it may be commonly seen 
in situations exposed to the sun. There is no doubt that it will 
prove perfectly hardy in this country." 

Being myself absent when the specimens were sent to be 
figured, I had no opportunity of making notes from the recent 
plant ; and gladly transcribe Dr. Lindley's observations, as I 
have above given his specific character : — ■ 

" If ever a flower merited the name of glorious, it is this, 
which stands far above all other Lilies, whether we regard its 
size, its sweetness, or its exquisite arrangement of colour. Ima- 
gine, upon the end of a purple stem no thicker than a ramrod, 
and not above two feet high, a sancer-shaped flower at least ten 
inches in diameter, composed of six spreading, somewhat crisp 
parts, rolled back at their points, and having an ivory-white skin 
thinly strewn with purple points or studs, and oval or roundish, 
prominent, purple stains. To this add in the middle of each of 
the six parts a broad stripe of light satiny yellow, losing itself 
gradually in the ivory skin. Place the flower in a situation 
where side-light is cut off, and no direct light can reach it ex- 
cept from above, when the stripes acquire the appearance of 
gentle streamlets of Australian gold, and the reader who has 
not seen it may form some feeble notion of what it is. Fortu- 
nately ten thousand eyes beheld it at South Kensington on the 
2nd instant (July), and they can fill up the details of the picture. 
From this delicious flower there arises the perfume of orange 
blossoms sufficient to fill a large room, but so delicate as to re- 
spect the weakest nerves. It is botanically allied to Lilium lan- 
cifolium on the one hand, and to the orange-red L. Thunber- 
gianum on the other, but it is wholly different from either." — 
Lindl. in Gard. Chron. I. c. 

In a subsequent number of the ' Gardeners' Chronicle,' it is 
staled that Mr. Standish had some two-flowered plants coming 
on, supposed to be the same species ; and Mr. Fortune remarks 
that he has usually seen this plant four feet high in Japan, and 
often with three or five of these large flowers on the same stem, 
and he adds, " I rather suspect it is the great-grandmother of 
L. specioswu." If by this expression is meant a hybrid off- 
spring of that species, he is probably correct, for the purple spots 
and papillee show an evident affinity with that. 

The ' Gardeners' Monthly Advertiser,' published at Philadel- 
phia, announces in its August number that the Lily had been 
received in Massachusetts by Mr, Parkman, of Jamaica Place, 
the preceding year, from Japan, and produced its gorgeous 
blossoms, equal in size with those that have appeared in England. 



3339. 




Tab. 5339. 
ACANTHONEMA strigosum. 
Strigose Acanthonema. 



Nat. Orel. Cyrtandrace.e. — Didynamia Angiospermia. 

Uoi. Char. Acanthonema, Hook. — Calyx profnnde 5-partitus, Ecqualis, lobis 
lineari-oblongis erecto-patentibus. Corolla calvce 4-plo longior, infuiidibulifor- 
mis, tubo sursum curvato subventricoso, limbo patents aequali 5-lobo, lobis 
rotundatis. Stamina omnino mclusa, 4 fertilia, didynamia, quinto abortivo ad 
squamam subulatam redacto ; fertilium filamenta medio incrassata, 2 superiora 
breviora, inferiora apice furcata, ramo unico antlierifero, altero spinifornii ; an- 
theris bilobis, unilocularibus, staminum inferiorum approximatis connatis. Ova- 
rium ovatum, biloculare. Dmepimeninvi medio longitudinaliter placentiferum ; 
(jlandnla maxima, hvpogyna, ad basin inf'eriorem ; stylus h'liformis, inclusus, glatJ- 
dulosus; stigma breve, bilobum. Oc/ila numerosa. Capsula? calvce longior, 
ovata, acuminata, phicentis ntrinque seminiferis. — Herba monophylla, tropica 
occidentals; radice fusiformi, perenni. Folium humifusnm, oblongo-cor datum, 
pei/niveuium, superne strigosum, subtus vents hirsutis; paniculis brtvibns paucifioris 
a t/ff re ff a tis, e oasl in sinu foliorum erumpentibus ; floribus glavdidoso-hirsutis ; co- 
rolla alba ; limbo atro-sanguineo.- — Nomen, anavOos, a spine, vrj/xa, a filament. 



Acanthonema strigosum. 



The solitary humifuse leaf of this plant, with small pani- 
cles of long tubular flowers springing from the sinus of the leaf, 
singularly reminds one of some of the Southern and Eastern 
African species of Streptocarpus ; but the structure of the flower, 
the short ovary, the four fertile stamens, together with the forked 
apex of the inferior pair of filaments, indicate a different genus ; 
but, unable to find one whose character accords with it, we are 
reduced to the necessity of forming of it a new genus of Cyr- 
tandracccB. It, is a native of tropical Western Africa. Living 
plants were sent home by M. Gnstav Mann, from an elevation 
of 4000-5000 feet in the plains of Fernando Po, where it grows on 
rocks, and epiphytally on trees. The flowers are mottled with 
blood-purple; they are pretty, but we must confess that the 
plant is more botanically interesting than ornamental. It 
flowered with us from June till August ; the various dried speci- 
mens were collected in flower in November. 

OCTOBER 1st, 1862. 



Descr A small herb, with the habit of Streptocarpus. Boot 
perennial (?), rather slender and fibrous (annual in appearance). 
Leaf solitary, radical, four inches to a span long, spreading 
on the ground, with the apex recurved, linear-oblong, cordate 
at the base, very shortly petioled, strigose with scattered hairs 
on both surfaces, but chiefly above ; nerves transverse, pa- 
rallel, very numerous, upper surface lurid green, lower glau- 
cous. Panicles short, one to two inches high, sessile on the 
costa at the base of the leaf as in Streptocarpus, the peduncles 
being adnate with the costa, flowering in succession, those 
nearest the base of the leaf first ; branches terete, spreading, and 
flowers covered with glandular hairs. Pedicels a quarter to half 
an inch long. Flowers half to three-quarters of an inch long. 
Calyx of five equal linear oblong or lanceolate lobes, one-fourth 
to one-fifth as long as the corolla. Corolla with a curved some- 
what inflated tide, and very short spreading five-lobed limb. 
Stamens four, included, sometimes only two are perfect; filaments 
seated about the middle of the tube, thickened in the middle, 
the two lower pairs forked at the apex, one branch being an- 
theriferous, the other is spiniform. Anthers transversely oblong, 
obscurely cohering over the stigma, two-celled ; the cells con- 
fluent ; the fifth rudimentary stamen is variable in form and 
size. Bisk variable, cup-shaped and four-lobed or unilateral. 
Ovary ovoid, two-celled, with a slender pubescent style ; stigma 
obscurely two-lobed. Placenta with ovula on both surfaces. 
Capsule? (immature) about one-third longer than the calyx, 
ovoid, acuminate, with a rather pulpy epicarp. Seeds extremely 
numerous, spreading and ascending, with funicles rather long 
and slender. — /. D. II. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Corolla laid open. 3. One of the longer stamens. 
Ovary. 5. Transverse section of ditto : — all magnified. 



53/tC. 




Vincent Brooks, Imp • 



Tab. 5340. 

BOTRYCHIUM daucifolium. 

Carrot-leaved Moonwort. 



Nat. Ord. Filices, § Ophioglosse.e. — Cryptogamia Stachyoptekides. 

Gen. Char. Capsul/e biseriales, liberas, erectoa, sessiles, globosre, ah spice ad 
basin in valvas duas seq-.iales hemisphaericas demnra patentissimas dehiscentes. 
Fence flabellatae aut pinnatae, simplices ant furcatae, internae venulaeqne apice 
obtusae liberae. Panicula fertilis, ramosissima, ramis (rachiolis) planis ant semi- 
teretibns, pins minus marginatis. — Specie* hijiis generis in regione boreali et tem- 
perata Europae, Asiae et Americas, in region* temperate Australia?, el in montihns 
regionem temperatam referentibus Asiae et Americas obveniunt et magna affinitate 
jnnctce sunt. Presl. 



Botrychilm daucifolium ; radice fascicnlata, ftonde sterili spithamaea et ultra 
membranacea subquinquangulari tripartita, partitionibus seu pinnis priina- 
riis peliolatis subdeltoideis, interne bipinnatis superne bipinnatifidis omni- 
bus acuminatis, pinnis vel laciniis ultimis ovatis ovato-oblongisve omnibus 
serratis terminal! majori venis vere piimatis conspicuis 2-3-4-furcatis, 
frondis fertilis tripiunatae pedunculo elongato longe infra sterilem inserto et 
earn superante. 

Botrychium daucifolium. Wall. Cat. n. 49 {in one impression, whilst n. 49 of 
another impression is given as " Botrychium subcarnosum, Wall.=Qsmuri(la 
lanigera, Wall. Herb. 1823"). Hook, et Grev. Ic. Fit. t. 161 ; and in 
Hook. Bot. Misc. v. 3. p. 224. Presl, Tent. Pterid. Suppl. p. 46. 

Botrychium subcarnosum. Moore, Ind. Fil. p. 312; vix Wall. 



It would be no slight task for any one to undertake to settle 
the species and synonymy of the genus Botrychium, as may be 
inferred from the different views of authors on the subject ; for, 
while Presl, in 1845, in his Tent. Pteridograph. Suppl., enume- 
rates seventeen distinct, and Moore, in his * Index Filicum/ in 
1860, reduces them to thirteen, — yet gives two additional ones, — 
Dr. Hooker, in his Fl. Nov. Zelandise, considers it a genus " of 
few, perhaps only two, species." The truth perhaps lies between 
these different views, and in my opinion much nearer to the view 
of the last than the two first-mentioned authors. The present 
species is one of the most distinct, and yet among the least 

OCTOBER 1st, 1S62. 



known to authors. The only habitat given by Presl is " Nepal, 
Wallich, Ha gel ;" to which my herbarium enables me to acid, 
Kamaon, Wallich (Blenkivorth) ; Sikkim, Hook. fil. et Thomson, 
n. 356 a (in part); Nilghiri, Beddome, n. 159 ; Ceylon, Gardner 
(alt. 4000 feet, n. 1271), Thwaites, C. P., n. 1410 ; Java, Thomas 
Lobb ; Society Islands, very rare, Bidwill. 

The Royal Gardens are indebted to our excellent friend 
Mr. Thwaites for living plants, which were in great perfec- 
tion in a temperate stove in June, 1862. If there is little or 
no question about the specific identity of this plant, there is 
more than ordinary confusion about the name. Presl says, that 
our name does not appear under n. 49 in Dr. Wallich 8 Cata- 
logue, and suggests that the number should be suppressed as 
erroneous. Moore, in the Catalogue at the Linnean Society, 
finding n. 49 to bear the name of B. subcarnosum, has changed 
the name of daucifolium, Hook, et Grev., to subcarnosum , Wall. — 
a very unsuitable one to the plant, while that of daucifolium is 
sufficiently appropriate. It is a fact however, known perhaps to 
few, that of Wallich's lithographed Catalogue there have been 
of some of the early sheets two impressions, both of which I 
possess, and which are not always identical in name or number ; 
one was sent to me accompanying the specimens distributed, 
and perhaps the earliest and original sheets ; the other to form 
a library volume for reference. My specimen bears, in the for- 
mer, the number " 49, B. daucifolium:' In the other copy, n. 49 
is " B. subcarnosum," accompanied by the reference, " Osmunda 
lanigera, Wall. Herb, from Sirrinigur, Kamroop" This latter 
plant, from Wallich, in my herbarium bears that name, and 
is a true Osmunda — 0. tpeciosa, Wall. Cat. n. 50. The name 
B. subcarnosum should therefore be entirely expunged, as well 
as the two Wallichian synonyms of Moore, B. speciosum and 
Osmunda lanigera, Wall. Herb.; for they only lead to error. 



Kg. 1. Ultimate segment of a frond, showing the venation. 2. Portion of 
a fertile ntchis, with capsules and spores : — magnified. 



53U 




Pitch, cLe. 



"Vincent Brooks. Imp- 



Tab. 5341. 
MONOCH^TUM tenellum. 

Slender-branched Monochatum. 



Nat. Ord. Melastomacea. — Octanuria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Flos tetramerus. Calycis oblongo-campanulati denies tubo sub- 
cequales aut breviores, acuti, caduci vel persistentes. Petala obovata. Stamina 
8, alternatim insequalia; flamentis eomplanatis, antheris longe subulatis acutis 
1-porosis, connectivo infra loculos non producto sed postice in caiulam varie 
conflatam anthera ipsa saepius breviorem porrecto. Ovarium basi tantum 
costis 8 subevanidis adherens, subtetragonum, apice villosum, 4-loculare. Stylus 
filiformis, magia minusve sigmoideus, stigmate punctiformi. Capsula 4-valvis. 
Semina cochleata. — Frutiees suffruticesque ut plurimum monticoltt, in Republica 
Mexicana necnon in Columbia et Peruvia hucusque cogniti, ramosi ; foliis tripli- 
septuplinerviis, nervis convergentibus pagina superiore impressis, wide folia sulcata 
tidentur ; floribus purpureis aut violaceis, antherarum minorum et fortassis ste- 
r'dium quam fert ilium ut plurimum longioribus. Naadin. 



Monochatum tenellum ; ramis gracilibus hirtellis, foliis oblongo-ovatis acutis 
subintegerrimis integerrimisque quintuplinerviis sparse setulosis margine 
ciliato-setosis, floribus ad apicem ramorum ramulorumque in cymas pauci- 
floras dispositis, rarius solitariis, calycinis dentibus tubo subaequilongis 
persistentibus. Naudin. 

Monochatum tenellum. Naud. Monogr. Melad. p. 150. n. 5. 



A very lovely Melastomaceous plant, with copious rich purple- 
coloured flowers and myrtle-shaped leaves, from the Nursery of 
Mr. Henderson, Wellington Road, London. It is a native of 
Guatemala, and flowered in the stove in October, 1861. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Calyx. 3 and 4. The two kinds of stamens: — magnified. 



OCTOBER 1st, 1862. 



53/3 




■ 



Tab. 5342. 

WAITZIA TENELLA. 

Slender-stemmed Waitzia. 



Nat. Ord. Composite. — Syngenesia Superflua. 

Gen. Char. Capitulum multiflorum, homogamum. Receptaculum epaleaceum, 
planum vel demum convexiusculura, alveolatum. Involucri multiserialis squama 
imbricatse exsuccaa, omnes vel saltern intermedia? et inferiores stipitatas et 
appendicula petaloidea radiante colorata auctae, discum superantes. Corolla 
hermaphroditae, tubulosae, filiformes, graciles, pappum asquantes, apiee 5-dentat,8e. 
Anthera basi attenuate, ecaudata3. Styli rami apice capitellati. Achania com- 
pressa, ovata, apice in rostrum producta. Pappi uniserialis seta 10-12, ima 
basi concretae et subplumosae, supra medium serrato-scabrae. — Herbse Nova 
Holland ia ; caulibus corymbiferis, rarissime mo nocep kalis, a basi ad apicem folia- 
lis ; capitulis hemispharicis ; involucri squamis exsuccis, coloratis, discum superan- 
tibus, Helychrysi facie. Steetz. 



Waitzea ' Steetziana ; caule erecto stricto versus apicem laxe corvmbosum 
lanato, foliis lineari-lanceolatis, involucri squamis omnibus abbreviates 
discum vix superantibus ovatis acutis aureo-nitentibus, stipitibus in- 
teriornm planis laxe lanatis, floribus numerosissimis, achaeniis minimis pa- 
pulosis in rostrum glabrum elongatum ipsis triplo longius attenuatis, pappo 
aureo. Steetz. 

Waitzia Steetziana. Lelvm. Plant. Preiss. v. 1. p. 454. 



Introduced by Mr. Thomson, of Ipswich, from Swan River Set- 
tlement, West Australia, to the gardens of this country, where it 
is likely to prove a great ornament to our flower-gardens. The 
flower-heads are. very pretty and drooping, of a lively and 
bright-yellow colour, and of that dry kind known by the name 
of " everlasting flowers," retaining their beauty a long time 
after being gathered ; hence well suited to the decoration of the 
drawing-room, even in the depth of winter. 

The genus was constituted by Wendland in 1810, and is the 
same as Viraya, Gaudich., Leptorhgnchos, Benth., and Morna, 
Lindl. 



Figs. 1 and 2. Involucral scales. 3. Floret. 4. A seta from the pappus. 
5. Summit of the style : — magnified. 



OCTOBER 1st, 1862. 



53/f3. 




VincentBroo'ksJmp- 



Tab. 5343. 
BERBERIDOPSIS corallina. 

Coral-flowered Berberidopsis. 



Nat. Ord. Berberide^e. — Enneandhia Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Berberidopsis, Hook. jil. mss. — Bracteola, sopala et petala 
9-15; externa (bracteolse) patentia, parva, triangulari-ovata ; interiora (sepala) 
orbiculata, concava; interna (petala) obovato-cuneata, erecta. Torus crassus, 
elevatus, cupularis. Stamina 8-9, intra torum inserta. Antherce sessiles, line- 
ares, apiculatse, 2-loculares, rimis lateralibus dehiscentes. Ovarium sessile, an- 
guste oblongum, 1-loculare; stylus crassus, columnaris, cum ovario continuus; 
stigmata obtusa, 3-loba ; ovnla 6-10, placentis 3 parietalibus supra medium 
ovarii insertis, fere orthotropa, funiculo curvo. Fructus ignotus. — Frutex gla- 
berrimus, sempervirens. Folia altema, simpiicia, petiolata, coriacea, oblongo- 
cordata, grosse spinuloso-dentata. Pic-res lovge pedicellati, pendidi, axillares et 
in racemos terminates nutantes multijloros dispositi, eoccinei. 



Berberidopsis corallina. Hook. fit. mss. 



The subject of our present Plate is not only one of the most 
beautiful hardy shrubs introduced of late years into this country, 
but botanically one of the most interesting ; for it so completely 
unites the two Orders, Berberidece and Lardizabcdece, as fully to 
justify the union of these as tribes of one Order, a step already 
taken, previous to its discovery, in the 'Genera Plantarum' of Bent- 
ham and Hooker fil. In its scandent habit and foliage it is rather 
more Lardizabaleous than Berberideous. The stamens are those 
of the former most conspicuously. The ovary differs from both, 
being tri-carpellary, as in Lardixabahce; but the carpels, instead 
of being free, are wholly confluent into one ovary, which, but fol- 
ks three- lobedstignia and three parietal placentae, shows no signs 
of its composition. This charming novelty was discovered by 
Mr. Pearce in the forests of Valdivia ; and it is not a little re- 
markable that so striking a plant should hitherto have escaped 
the notice of all botanists and collectors who have explored a re- 
gion now so well known to us as Chili. 

NOVEMBER 1ST, 1862. 



Descr. A glabrous, scandent or subscandent evergreen shrub, 
with long, terete branches. Leaves alternate, petiolate, simple, 
oblong or oblong-ovate, with cordate or rounded base, acute 
apex, and toothed margin ; the teeth large and spinulose, of a 
dull deep green above, glaucous below, with yellow midrib. 
Stipules none. Floioers pendulous, on long, slender, deep-red 
pedicels, which are clustered in twos and threes : the axils of 
the upper leaves arranged in drooping, terminal racemes. Pe- 
dicel* one and a half inch long, slightly thickened upwards. 
Perianth globose, of nine to fifteen deciduous leaflets, gradually 
passing into one another, all of a deep red colour, rather thick 
consistence, and shining surface ; the outer {bracteoles) very 
small, spreading, more persistent than the others ; inner {petals) 
obovate, cuneate, erect ; intermediate ones {sepals) very con- 
cave, orbicular, and imbricate. Stamens seated within a cup- 
shaped torus. Anthers sessile, apiculate, two-celled, bursting 
by lateral slits. Ovary one-celled, with a short columnar style, 
three-lobed sessile stigma, and three parietal placentas, with 
two to three ovules seated above the middle in each. Ocules 
orthotropous or cu.vved,ftmicles pendulous. Hook.fil. 



Fi^s. 1 and 2. Flowers. 3. Torus and stamens. 4. Anther. 5. Torus and 
ovary : — all magnified. 




V.Fitch,dfil.etlith. 



Vincent Brooksjmp 



Tab. 5344. 

RITCHIEA POLYPETALA. 

Many-petallcd R itcli iea . 

Nat. Ord. Capparide.e. — Polyandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Sepala 4, ampin, valvata. Petala 4 v. plura, longe ungnirulata. 
oblonga, imdulata, ungue induplicatim valvata, lamina imbricate. Turn* hemi- 
sphsericus, cavnosus. Stamina 12-00, margins tori insevta, filamentii iiliformibus 
elongatis. Ovarium ovoideiuii, 1-loculare, longe stipitatum, plaeeniii 3 4 pro- 
minulis ; ovulis 00 ; stigmate sessili, magno, discoideo. Bacca clliptico-oblonga, 
3-4-costata. Semina ignota. — Frntices .icandentes, erecti, r. sarmenioti. Folia 
3-o-foliolata ; stipulis obsoletis. Florcs magni, snavcoletiles, virescentes, cjn/m- 
losi, longe pedicellati. BentJt. et Hook.Jil. Gen. PL 110. 



Ritchiea polypetala; foliis 3-5-foliolatis, foliolis oblongo-lanceolatis longe acu- 
minatis, corymbis brevibus paucittoris, flovibus breviter pedicellatis amplis 
polypetalis. 

R. polypetala. Hook, in Herb. Nostr. 



A very remarkable plant, differing from its congeners, and in- 
deed from every other plant of the Natural Order to which it 
belongs, in the numerous petals, which are not even multiples of 
the sepals as might have been expected. It was discovered by 
the lamented Mr. Barter, of Dr. Baillie's Niger Expedition, at 
Abeokuta, in 1859; and the plant here figured was sent from 
Western Africa, by Mr. G. Mann, the intrepid collector for the 
Royal Gardens, Kew, from whom so many fine and curious 
novelties have already been received by us and figured in this 
Magazine. Mr. Barter describes it as an erect shrub, growing in 
forests. It differs from the original species, R.fragrans (Ora- 
tcsva fragrans, Bot. Mag. t. 556), in the erect habit, short pe- 
duncle and pedicels, and numerous petals. The R. erecta has 
much smaller flowers and few petals. 

Descr. An erect, glabrous shrub, with alternate, 3-5-folio- 
late leaves. Petioles slender, terete, three to five inches long. 
Leaflets as long as or longer than the petioles, oblong or obovato- 

NOVEMBER 1ST, 1862. 



lanceolate, acuminate, shortly petiolulate. Corymbs terminal, 
erect, two inches long, three- to five-flowered. Floivers large, four 
inches across the petals. Sepals four, ovate-oblong, deep green. 
Petals about fourteen, very narrow, strap-shaped, crumpled above 
the middle, acuminate, pale straw-coloured. Stamens very nume- 
rous, spreading, with small anthers. Ovary on a very long stipes. 
Hook. jil. 



Fig. 1. Pedicel, gynophores, and stipitate ovarium, 
ovarium : — both magnified. 



2. Transverse section of 



531,3. 




Vincent BrcoiraJ^P- 



Tab. 5345. 

ARISTOLOCHIA Gi berth. 

Giber?* Aristoloch ia . 

Nat. Onl. Aristolochje.e. — Gynanduia Hbxamdeia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 5295.) 



Ahistoloofiia Gibertii; herbacea, volubilis, scandens, glaberrima, caule gracili 
tereti, f'oliis petiolatis reniformi-rotundatis integcrrimis npieulatis sinu pro- 
fuiulo, stipulis amplis rotundato-cordatis acutis, floribus axillaribus solitariis, 
perianthii viridis tubo basi oblique ampullseformi inflato, dein breviter con- 
stricto, ore campanulato bilabiato, labio superiore fomicato oblongo obtuse 
apiculato purpureo transverse ad roargines picto, inferiore decurvo linguae- 
fortni intus tomentoso, stylo obconico 6-cornuto, antheris linearibus. 

Aristolochia Gibertii. 



A fine free-growing, tropical climber, more desirable for its 
handsome foliage than for any beauty in its flowers ; it was raised 
from seeds sent to the Royal Gardens by M. Gibert, who col- 
lected it in woods at Assumption, in Paraguay, in June, 1858; 
and it flowered in September of the present year. 

Descr. A lofty, perfectly glabrous climber, with twining, 
terete, green stems and branches, and solitary, axillary flowers. 
Leaves two to four inches across, on petioles as long, round- 
reniform, minutely apiculate, quite entire, with pedate venation, 
of a fine green above, but not shining, paler and glaucous below. 
Stipules very large, rotundato-cordate, foliaceous. Peduncles 
axillary, solitary, curved, terete, shorter than the petioles, one- 
flowered. Flowers two to two and a half inches long, of a dull 
yellow-green, spotted with purple on the base of the tube ; the 
upper lip purple down the middle, and transversely barred with 
the same on the edges. Perianth suddenly inflated at the base 
into a gibbous balloon, then suddenly contracted into a short, 
terete tube; limb two-lipped, gaping; upper lip linear-oblong, 
truncate with a dorsal horn, hairy inside down the centre, the 

NOVEMBER 1ST, 1862. 



lower lip longer, decurved, broadly tongue-shaped, densely 
hairy on the inner surface. Style short, terminating in six, erect, 



stigmatic horns. Anthers linear 



Fig. 1. Base of perianth, and style and anthers, — magnified. 



5346 










Tab. 5346. 

HIGGINSIA REFULGENS. 

Shining Higginsia. 



Nat. Ord. BuBiACEiE, § Hedyotide.e. — Tetrandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 5280.) 



HlGGlNSIA refulcjens ; patentira pilosa, caule crasso, foliis sessilibtts obovato- 
oblongis acutis basi attenuates utrinque pilosis subarcte plicato-nervosis 
pallide fusco-viridibus rubro tinctis subtus sordide rubris pallidis, floribus 
subcymosis, cymis longe pedunculatis, calycis tubo tetragono lobis triangu- 
lari-ovatis acutis, corolla} lobis patentibus rubris linearibus subacutis. 

Campylobotrys refulgens. Ilort.. 



A very beautiful plant, native, it is presumed, of South 
America, of which a plant was presented to the Royal Gardens, 
by Mr. Ball, from his Nursery, King's Road, Chelsea, under the 
name of Campylobotrys fidgens. It flowered in May of the pre- 
sent year. It has already been shown in this work, under H. 
regalis, t. 5280, that the genus Campylobotrys has been referred 
by Planchon to the long-established Higginsia of Bersoon, the 
same as 'Higginsia of Ruiz and Pavon. The present species is 
closely allied to H. discolor (Campylobotrys discolor, Bot. Mag. 
t. 4530), but differs in the more robust habit, sessile leaves, 
much larger flowers, and different calyx. 

Descr. A succulent, pilose, erect, branching herb, with erect, 
purple, almost terete branches, opposite leaves, and axillary, soli- 
tary, long-peduncled cymes of red flowers. Leaves three to five 
inches long, narrow obovate, subacute, contracted at the base, but 
not petioled, the margins of the blades of the opposite pairs meet- 
ing, rather succulent, but not coriaceous, marked with numerous 
parallel veins, upper surface dull-green, but very beautiful, owing 
to the suffused red tint especially towards the margins, and the 
plav of reflected lights from the cellular surface ; under side pale 
reddish. Peduncles solitary, axillary, shorter than the pale-green 
leaves, erect, slender, purple-red, pilose, bearing a short cyme of 

NOVEMBER 1ST. 1862. 



six to ten, crowded, pedicelled flowers. Flowers upwards of an 
inch across, pale-red. Calyx 4-gonous, angles pilose, lobes with 
solitary, minute, interposed teeth. Corolla lobes much longer 
than the tube, linear, acute. Anthers linear. Style slender, 
erect, with linear stigmata. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Calyx and pistil, with corolla removed: — both magnified. 







"W". Fitch, 






Tab. 5347. 

PANiETIA Lessonii. 

Lesson's Panatia. 

Xat. Ord. Composit.e. — Stmqbmxsu Bapixnui. 

Gen. Char. Capifnlum imiltilloruni, beterogaiDIUn, jloribns f ubiitosis, radii 
paucis foemineia, dud bermapbroditicia, Involucri bemiaphaniri Jhr e t Milan* 
tis squama imbricate, i ater mediae petiolate, appendice kit i limbriato- 

dentata, extimaa ad appendiceal redacts. Corolla tubidosa, radii limbo tripar- 
tito, lobis linearibus; disci longe tubulosse, quioquefida. datkerm (bad bmgttr 
simae biseta?, apice attenuate, Steel:). Stigmata (apice appendice brevi, cornea, 
papillosa aucta, Steel:). Achenia conlbrmia, oblonga, erostria. Pappi seta 
tenuissinife, superne phiraosne, radii bintD, disci tres v. quatuor. — Herba ' 
Holland'ue austro-occidentalis, annul, parrnla, erectu, gracilis; caule sparsim 
piloso, apice in ramus uonoceplialos diviso ,■ f'oliis alternis, sessilibus, oblongis, 
acutis, integeniiiiis, suhtus albido-tontentosis ; capitulis solitariis, luteis. Endl. 



Pawetia Lessonii. Cassini, in Ann. Sc. Xat. 1329./);;. 19 and 32. Be Cand. 
Prodr. v. 6. p. 162. Steel:, in PL Preut, v. I. p. 461. 



Panatia of Cassini is a genus of one species, native of King 
George's Sound, and that one of the most graceful of the Ile/i- 
chrysum or dry-flowered group of Compos-it*?, imported by Mr. 
Thomson, of Ipswich, to whom we are indebted for the speci- 
men here figured. It is an annual, and flourishes in the open 
air in the summer. Sown in masses, or planted out in rather 
compact masses, it cannot fail to prove a valuable border flower. 

We hardly see why this genus should not be united with 
Waitzia of Wendland, of which a species is given at Tab. 5342 
of the present volume. 

Descr. Root animal. Plant erect, graceful. Stem slender, 
wiry, terete, dichotomously branched from the base, about a foot 
high. Branches glabrous, purplish green, erect or nearly so, 
terminating in a very lax corymb of very slender flower-stalks, 
each bearing a single capitnlum, or head of flowers. Leaves dis- 
tant, one at the setting on of every branch, and at the base 

NOVEMBER. 1ST, 1362. 



of -each peduncle, oblong, acute, one and a half to two inches 
long, sessile and subamplexicaul, slightly hairy above, dark- 
green beneath, and very glaucous and arachnoid. Peduncles 
three to four inches long, singularly slender, terminated by a 
solitary, globose, drooping head of flowers, scarcely half an inch 
in diameter. Involucre hemispherical, consisting of densely im- 
bricated, yellow-green, hyaline, membranaceous scales, closely 
pressed, ovate or trowel-shaped, silky at the margin, stipitate ; 
stipes as long as the scale, glandularly pilose, lower scales sessile 
or nearly so. Florets very numerous, bright yellow, all tubular, 
much longer than the involucre, a few outer ones female, the 
rest perfect : tube of the corolla long, very slender, infundibuli- 
form ; limb of five, ovate, spreading segments. Anthers scarcely 
exserted. Ovary oblong, cylindrical, crowned with a pappus 
of four, long, slender setse, clubbed and hispid at the apex ; 
branches of the style linear, acuminated, the apex conical, hairy. 



Figs. 1 and 2. Scales from the involucre. 3. Floret from the disk. 4. Seta 
from the pappus. 5. Branches of the style : — all more or less magnified. 



5348 




".V. Etch, del et lith. 



Tab. 5348. 
OPHIOPOGON spicatus. 

Pinple-foivered Snakesbcard. 



Nat. Ord. Ophiopogone.e. — Hexandria Monogyma. 

Gen. Char. Flores hermaphroditi. Perigonium corollinum, liberum v. basi 
ovario adnatum, limbo sexpartito. Stamina 6, perigonii basi itiserta ; filamenta 
breyissima v. elongate, iiliformia v. inferne dilatata ; anthera oblongie, lineares v. 
sagittatas, basifixa?, mucronatae. Ovarium liberum v. cum perigonii basi cohferens, 
tnlobum, triloculare. Ovula in loculis 2, collateralia v. superposita, anatropa' 
Stylus trigono-pyramidatus ; stigma brevissime trifidum. Semina 4-6, ex ovario 
mox disrupto erumpentia, omnino nudata; testa oerulea, subcarnosa.— Herbrc 
in Asia anstrali et orientali indigent ; foliis linear i-ensiformibus, basi vaginanti- 
bus. Flores in racemo spicceformes fasciculati, scapum ancipitem v. angulation 
terminantes ; pedicellis ar/iculatis. 



Ophiopogon spicatus,- scapo foliis subsequali vel longiore, fasciculorum racemo 
laxiusculo elongato, pedicello apice articulato, bracteis brevibus, perigonio 
violaceo, foliolis conniventibus, filamentis elongatis, ovarii loculis 2-lobis, 
ovulis 2 collateralibus. 

Ophiopogon spicatus. Gawl in Bot. Reg. t. 593. Kuntli, En. Plant, r. 5. 
p. 299. 

Convallaria spicata. Tlmnb. Fl. Jap. p. 141. Willi. Sp. PL v. 2. p. 161. 

Liriope spicata. Loureiro, Cochin, p. 200. 

Fluggea spicata. Schult. Syst. Veget. 



Botanists vary in opinion as to the Natural Order of this plant. 
Its first describer refers it to Asphodelece, apparently with the 
sanction of Mr. Brown. Endlicher places it at the'end of his 
Smilacece, among a section of " Genera Sinilaceis affinia ;" and 
in a subsection, which he calls Ophiopogonea (including besides 
Ophiopogon, Bulbospermum, Bl., and Peliosanthes), and between 
his Aspidistrea and Herreriea?. Dr. Lindley refers our genus 
to his eleventh section of Liliacea, corresponding with Ophio- 
pogonea of Endlicher, and lastly Kunth constitutes a separate 
Order for it, OpJtiopogonece. Nor are all agreed about the limits 



NOVEMBER 1ST, 1862. 



of the genus, for while Gawler refers this plant to his original 
Ophiopogon (0. Japcmicus), Richard constitutes of the latter a 
distinct genus, by the name of Fliiggea. Gawler's artist has not 
done justice to the plant in his figure above quoted, for the 
graceful habit, broad, grassy leaves, and the long spike of bright 
purple-blue flowers, render it a pretty object. It is a native of 
Cochin China, China, and Japan ; but not, as has been stated, of 
Northern India, where a similar but different species is found. 

Our plants were raised from seeds sent by Pemberton Hodg- 
son, Esq., from Hakodadi, in Japan, and the flowers are in per- 
fection in a cool greenhouse in October, 1862. 

Descr. Leaves all radical, six inches to a foot long, subgra- 
mineous, narrow, linear-lanceolate, obtuse, three-nerved, and 
obscurely striated ; at the base they are surrounded by a few 
membranaceous scales. Scape erect, dark livid-purple, angular, 
longer than the leaves, and terminated by a spicated raceme six 
to twelve inches long. The flowers are rather small, in fascicles 
or clusters of three to five, which are bracteated ; bracts ovate 
acuminated. Pedicels short, green, upon which the flowers are 
jointed at the very apex. Perianth deep violet-blue, subcam- 
panulate, divided down to the ovary into six, moderately spread- 
ing, ovate-oblong, obtuse concave segments. Stamens six, sub- 
erect, much shorter than the segments of the perianth. Fila- 
ments short, filiform, moderately incurved. Anthers linear-ob- 
long, bright yellow, scarcely sagittate at the base. Ovary free, 
depressed, three-lobed, the lobes globose, two-lobed, 2-ovuled ; 
ovules collateral. Style columnar, about as long as the stamens ; 
■stigma obtuse, not sensibly divided. 



Fig. 1. Fascicle of flowers from a portion of the rachis. 2. Base of flower ; 
ovary and style -.—both magnified. 



53U9. 




l\)\ 






Vincent Bruul 



Tab. 5349. 
CYPRIPEDIUM Stonei. 

Mr. Stone s Ci/pripedium. 

Nat. Ord. Orciiide^: : Tr. CrPBIFBDM. — fiVNANDiUA DlAHDBIA. 

Oat. Char. Vi'ricttith'unn patens. St'pata latoralin connata aut distinetn, labello 
supposita. Pctiila libera, mpraa togustiora. Labelhm iuflatum, marline 
iitriii(|UC auriculnto inllexo. QoUmm nana. Stamina 8, quorum uinini - 
oentrale, dilatatum, tnflexom, cl 2 fertflia lateralia. AtUkerm tab ttamim 
Utentes, inbrotundee, bilocnlares. "Pollen pulticeo-gnaulosum, Stfltu lubliber, 
teres, itiffwuite disciform) terminal us. (Cbipaula uouoeuUris.) — Elerbai ttrtwtrm 
utrhuq** orbit, ah teenatonjlere ad dreulmm arctinnn tipe*Ut. Folia radicalia 
aut cantata. Flores aolitarii, racemosi t. paniculati, speciosi. limdt 



CTPRIPKBIUM Stonei ; aeaulis, folis binis pedalibus oblongis coriaceis obtusis 
brevi-mucronatis, scapo elongato atro-purpureo folia sutnequante subtrifloro, 
bracteis lauceolatis conduplicatis aeuminatis, sepalis duobus (lateralibus in 
nnum coimatis) amplis late ovatis acuniinatis, petalis 5-uncialibus penden- 
tibus lincaribus aeuminatis basi eiliatis, labello unguiculato, ungue margini- 
bus introflexis apice amplo cucullato calceolariformi, ovario sesquiuneiali 
oblongo (5-angulari unilocidari, stamine sterili ovato carnoso obtusissimo, 
stigmata amplissimo obovato bilobo roargine supra dense fimbriate 

Cypui tedium Stonei. llort. Low. 



This superb new species of CypripedhtM was received in Oc- 
tober of the present year from the collection of J. Day, Esq., 
of Tottenham. It was very recently imported front near Sarawak, 
Borneo, by Messrs. Hugh Low and Son, of Clapton Nura ry, 
who express a wish that it should bear the name of Mr. Day's 
able gardener, Mr. Stone. Nothing like this, as far as I know, 
has ever been received from the Old World ; but it is evidently 
allied to a species gathered by Ruiz and Pavon, in Peru, C. cau- 
datum of Dr. Lindley, figured at t. 659 of our ' Icones Plantarum,' 
from a dried specimen, and without our having any knowledge 
of the foliage : but the form and size of the sepals and petals 
will abundantly distinguish it. 

Descr. Stemless. Roots large, vermicular, fleshy. Leaves 

DECEMBER 1ST, lSo'2. 



with a few sheathing short scales at the base, ten to twelve 
inches, two arising from the same root, oblong, coriaceo-carnose, 
dark green, subcanaliculate, very obtuse, with a short macro. 
Scope radical, arising from between the two leaves, with a large 
conduplicate sheathing bract at the base, a foot long, terete, 
dark purple, terminating in our specimen in three large, very 
handsome, bracteated, pedicelled^neers. Bracts resembling that 
at the base of the scape, but smaller. Pedicels shorter than the 
bract, supporting an elongated, six-angled, one-celled ovary or 
immature capsule, one and a half to two inches long Sepals two, 
huge, spreading, uniform in shape, but the upper one the largest, 
broad-ovate, acuminate, white within, streaked and mottled with 
dark-purple externally, and tinged with yellow ; the lower one 
is, however, formed of the two lateral combined sepals. Petals 
four to five inches long, curved downwards, linear acuminate, 
tawny yellow, lined and blotched with purple, ciliated on the 
margin at each side of the base. Lip large, standing forward 
horizontally, the lower half contracted, the sides involute, white, 
the rest cucullate, purplish, with red reticulated veins; the 
whole shaped like a Turkish slipper. Style a short white column, 
bearing, upon a separate branch, two orbicular, yellow, sessile 
anthers at the base of a large abortive, ovate, white* fleshy disk or 
abortive third stamen : another short branch of the style bears 
the stigma, a large, cordate, fleshy disk, yellowish, margined with 
a thick filamentous fringe. 



Fig. 1. Style and stigma, with staminiferous column, side view. 2. Front 
vu'w of tin- same, showing the two anthers. 3. View of the upper surface of the 
stigma. 4. Front view of a labcllum. 5. Transverse section of an immature 
capsule. — all diyhtly mawiified. 



> N.B. — By a strange oversight, in the last number of our ' Botanical Maga- 
zine,' under t. 5343, Berberidops'w corallina, it was omitted to be noticed that that 
most lovely new shrub was imported from Chili by Messrs. Veitch and Sons, of 
Exeter and King's Boad, Chelsea, and that the specimen figured was derived from 
a plant in the open ground at Exeter. 



5350 




Tab. 5350. 
HELIPTERUM Sandfordii. 

Major Sandfortfs Helipterum. 



Nat. Ord. Composite. — Syngenesia yEquaits. 

Gen. Char. Capitulum multiflorum, discoideum, Iiomogamum,^oni«* omnibus 
hermaphroditis, rarissime flori!)us centralibus abortivis heterogamum. L/volucri 
imbricati squama scariosae, interiores conniventes vel radiantes. Receptaculum 
nudum vel alveolatum sive fimbrilliferum. Corolla tubulosas, limbo quinqueden- 
tato. Anthera basi bisetae. Stigmata exserta, obtusiuscula. Aclwuia sessilia, 
erostria, areola terminali. Pappi seta uniseriata;, plumosae, libera; vel basi con- 
natae. — Ilerbsep. sutfrutices, in Capite Bona-Spei et in Nova-Hollandia indigent ; 
facie Helichrysi, involucris albis vel flans. 



Hbliftekum Sandfordii; suffruticosiim totum arachnoideo-tomentosum, cauli- 
bus erectis pedalibus sesquipedalibus, basi parce ramoso apice composito- 
corymboso, foliis lineari-lanceolatis, involucris elongato-turbinatis squamis 
aureo-flavis, ovatis imbricatis, internis radiantibus, flosculis tubulosis, 
limbo quinquefido, acheniis (immaturis), pappi setis hirsuto-plumosis. 

Helipterum Sandfordii. Hort. Thompson. 



Whether or not this be one of the species of Helipterum of the 
' Plantae Preissianae,' or whether it be a true Helipterum or a 
Helichrysum, I will not venture to say. De Candolle, who es- 
tablished the genus Helipterum, says of it, " omnia Helichrysi, 
sed pappus plumosus." In Helichrymm the " pappus is subsca-. 
brous." In our plant the pappus is more than scabrous, yet 
scarcely plumose. 

The present species has long been in our herbarium, gathered 
by Mr. James Drummond (n. KiO) in Western Australia, "be- 
tween Moore and Murchison Rivers," and we have also received 
native specimens from Mr. Burgess, collected in 1860. Mr. 
Thompson, of Ipswich, has raised it from seeds sent from the 
Swan River settlement by Major Sandford, whose name he de- 
sires it should bear, — a gentleman who has done much during 
a long sojourn in Western Australia to explore the natural 

DECEMBER 1ST, 1862. 



history products of that colony. It is likely to constitute a 
good bedding-out plant for our summer flower-borders. 



Fig. ], Capitulum. 2. Inner radiating scale of the involucre. 3. Floret. 
4. Seta of the pappus. 5. Branches of the stigma : — all more or less magnified. 



5351 




Vincent Brooks, Imp. 



Tab. 5351. 
PHALiENOPSIS Lown. 

Mr. Low's Fhalanopsis. 



Nat. Ord. Orchide.e. — Gynandria Moxandria. 

Gen. Char. Periautliium explanatum, patens, sepalit liberis, petalu majoribus 
dilatatis. Labellum cum basi paulo producta coltimtue conii.Hmii, liberam, basi 
callosum, trilobum; lobis lateralibus ascendentibus petaloideis, intermedio an- 
gustiore bicirrlioso. Columna in ovarium recumbens, scmiteres ; rostdlo gladiato. 
Ardhera bilocularis. Polliiiia 2, subglobosa, candicula plana spatnlatn, yhtndnla 
maxima cordata. — Herba epiphjta. Caules radicatiles, simplices. Folia rigida, 
lato-lanceolata, apice oblique return. Flores paniculati. Lindl. 



Phal.enopsis Lowli ; radice crasse fibrosa, foliis paucis oblongis acutis carnosis, 
scapo gracili subspithamaso 4-5-floro, bracteis minutis ovatis acutis, floribus 
remotis albis roseo-tinctis, sepalo superiore late ovato acuto, lateralibus ob- 
longis, petalis latissime cuneatis obtusissimis, labello parvo longitudine se- 
palorum lateralium trilobo, lobis lateralibus brevibus linearibus reflexis, in- 
termedia oblongo purpureo lineato medio carinato apice eroso, basi cristato, 
rostello longe proboscidco. 

Phaljenopsis Lowii. Reichenb.fd. in Bot. Zdt. 1862, n. 27. p. 214. 



A most lovely species of Fhalanopsis from Moulmein, dis- 
covered by the Rev. C. S. P. Parish, for the introduction of 
which to Europe we are indebted to Messrs. Low and Son, of 
the Clapton Nursery. It is one of eleven new species of Orchids 
which have been recently described by Dr. Reichenbach, til., from 
Mr. Low's Orchideous House, during a recent visit to England, 
and given in the July number of the * Botanische Zeitung ' for 
1862. If this species falls short in size and purity of white in 
the flowers of the well-known Fhalanopsis amalnlis, it compen- 
sates for those deficiencies in the delicate rose-tints of the petals 
and labellum ; and the shape of the lip and of the rostellum are 
very remarkable, — that of the latter quite resembling the head 

DECEMBER 1ST, 1862. 



and long beak of a bird, as may be seen in onr figures. The 
nearest affinity of the species is with Phalanopsis rosea, Lindl., 
given in Bot. Mag. t. 5212 ; but the two are quite different. 



Fig. 1. Side view of the column, rostellum, and labellum. 2. Front view of 
the same : — magnified. 



5352. 




Tab. 5352. 

DRACiENA PHRYNIOIDES. 

Phrynium-like Draccena. 



Nat. Ord. Asparagine.e. — Hexandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 5248.) 



Dlt\CiENA plirynioides ; suffruticosa, caule declinato brevi hasi squamoso dein 
folioso, foliis longe petiolatis ovatis acuminatis coriaceis striatis late viridi- 
bus maculis pallidis ovalibus transversis variegatis, petiolis teretibus antice 
.canaliculars basi insigniter dilatatis incrassatisque, capitulo terminali sub- 
sessili bracteato, bracteis numerosis late ovatis purpureis ventricosis longe 
acutissime subulatis, corollae tubo gracili, filainentis superne valde dilatatis. 



Tropical Africa is eminently rich in species of the genus Dra- 
cana, and not a few of them are well known to be remarkable 
for the variegated or coloured foliage, not of a uniform green. 
The present is a new and very distinct species, sent from Fer- 
nando Po by M. Gustav Mann, in I860. Being anxious to 
distribute so very pretty a plant named, it has been sent out 
before it blossomed, under an impression that it was a species of 
Pkrynium, and with the specific appellation of maculatum. Now 
that it has proved to be a Dracana, and there being already a 
Dracmna macidata, the name of D. phrynioides may not be con- 
sidered inappropriate. The flowers were produced in August of 
the present year ; and they were found to expand only at night 
or before the early morning, and to close again by ten o'clock. 

Descr. Stem short and stout, suffruticose but succulent, sub- 
decurrent at the base, thence erect and leafy, but rarely exceeding 
five inches in length, including the terminal head of flowers. 
Leaves six inches long, broad ovate, finely acuminate, coriaceous, 
striated, dark green, with transversely oblong, rather large, sul- 
phur-coloured spots. Petioles longer than the leaves when at full 
size, terete, channelled in front, thick and broad sheathing at 

DECEMBER 1 ST, 1S62. 



the base. Flowers in a dense bracteated globose head, sessile or 
nearly so among the leaf-stalks. Bracts large, concave, dark 
purple, broad ovate, very finely acuminated into an almost seta- 
ceous point. Corolla white, tinged with rose; tube long and 
slender; limb of six spreading, linear-oblong lobes. Filaments 
singularly thickened upwards, contracted again under the anther. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Limb of corolla and stamen3. 3. Stamen. 4. Pistil. 
5. Transverse section of ovary : — magnified. 



5353 




Tab. 5353. 
ACROTREMA Walkeri. 

General Walker s Acrotrema. 



Nat. Ord. Dilleniace/E. — Polyandeia Trigynia. 

Gen. Char. Sepala 5, patentia. Petala 5. Staminum jilamenta in fasciculos 
3 plus minus aggregate, apice haud dilatata. Antherce erectse, sublineares, ab 
apice ad medium v. infra dehiscentes. Carpella 3, plus minus cohacrentia, 2-00- 
ovulata, maturitate irregulariter dehiscentia v. disrupta. Arillus membrana- 
ceus. — Herbse subacaules, rhizomate perenni v. lignoso. Folia ampla, parallele 
pennivenia, transverse venulosa v. pinnalim lobata v. dissecta. Petioli aia/i, alis 
(stipulis?) deciduis. Pedunculi axillares, laxe paucijtori vet race?noso-Q0-J!ori. 
Flores flavi. Benth. et Ilook.jil. 



Acrotrema Walkeri; foliis crenato-dentatis subauriculatis, utrinque prsecipue 
supcrne marginem versus et subtus ad costam nervosque pilosis, pedicellis 
patentim pilosis, staminibus circiter 15. Thwaites. 

Acrotrema Walkeri. Wight, MSS. Thwaites, En. Plant. Zeylan. p. 3. 



Of this pretty Indian genus, of which ten species are re- 
corded in Mr. Thwaites's ' Enumeratio,' the present is, we be- 
lieve, the first that has ever been introduced alive to Europe. 
It was sent to us by our valued friend just mentioned, in 1861, 
and was in great beauty in the month of June of the present 
year. It inhabits mountains in the central province of Ceylon, 
at altitudes of from 2000 to 4000 feet, and may be found to 
succeed even better in a temperate greenhouse than in a hot 
stove, where we have hitherto kept it. Its deeply-plaited leaves 
and humble growth remind one of those of our Primrose and 
Cowslip, but the young foliage is pale-coloured and deeply 
tinged with rose, while the flowers more resemble those of a 
lianunculm, and the Natural Family to which it belongs {Dille- 
niacece) is next neighbour to that of the Crowfoots. A nearly- 
allied species to the J. Walkeri is our A. unijlorum, figured in 
'Icones Plantarum,' vol. ii. p. 157; but the stem is there elon- 
gated, and the flower-stalks are appresso-pilose. A still more 



DECEMBER IsT, 1862 



elegant and stemless species, with single-flowered peduncles, is 
the A. Thwaitem, Hook. fil. et Thomson, given in ' Kevv Garden 
Miscellany,' vol. viii. p. 241. t. 4; this has deeply-pinnatifid leaves, 
resembling fronds of the well-known Fern, Blecknum Spicant. 



Tig. 1. Under side of a flower. 2. Upper side of ditto, 
cicle of stamens, of which one is abortive : — magnified. 



3. Portion of a fas- 



INDEX, 

In which the Latin Names of the Plants contained in the 
Eighteenth Volume of the Third Series (or Eighty- 
eighth Volume of* the Work) are alphabetically arranged. 



Plate. 

5339 Acanthonenia strigosum. 
5353 Acrotrema Walkeri. 
5333 Agave glaucescens. 
5292 Anemiopsis Californica. 
5304 Anguria Warscevviczii. 
5331 Anomochloa marantoidea. 
5319 Anthurium Scherzerianum. 
5295 Aristolochia arborea. 

5345 Gilbertii. 

5307 Begonia prismatocarpa. 

5343 Berberidopsis corallina. 

5316 Bolbophyllum cupreum. 

5329 pavimentatum. 

5309 Rhizophorse. 

5340 Botrycbium daucifolium. 
5306 Ceropegia Gardneri. 
5294 Clerodendron calamitosum. 

5313 Thomsonse. 

5310 Clomenocoma montana. 

5325 Clusia Brongniartiana. 

5323 Ccelogyne Parishii. 

5297 Crocus ochroleucus. 

5349 Cypripedium Stonei. 
5303 Deudrobium Lowii. 
5337 Dimorpbotheca Barberia?. 
5352 Dracaena pbrynioides. 
5321 Echinostachys pineliana. 
5336 Epidendrum prismatocarpum. 
5328 Grammitis (Selliguea) caudifor- 

mis. 

5314 Hsemanthus cinnabarinus. 

5315 Heliconia raetallica. 

5350 Helipterum Sandfordii. 
5346 Higgitisia refulgens. 
5301 Iochroma grandiflorum: 



Plate. 

5330 Ipomaea alatipes. 

5298 Iris longipetala. 
5324 Iscbarum Pyrami. 

5299 Leea coccinea. 

5302 Ligularia Ksempferi ; aureo- 

maculata. 
5338 Lilium auratura. 
5312 Limatodes rosea. 
5291 Malortiea gracilis. 
5296 Maxillaria venusta. 
5341 Monocbsetum tenellum. 
5332 Nephalaphyllum pulchrum. 
5327 Nolana (§Sorema) laneeolata. 
5293 Oncidium excavatum. 
5348 Ophiopogon spicatus. 
5320 Oreodaphne Californica. 
5335 Ourisia coccinea. 
5318 Palisota Barteri. 
5347 Panaetia Lessonii. 
5351 Phalaenopsis Lowii. 
5334 Philadelphus hirsutus. 
5305 Physurus maculatus. 
5290 Bhodanthe Manglesii, var. ma- 

culata. 
5311 Rhododendron arboreum, Sm., 

var. limbatum. 
5322 Dalhousiae, hy- 

bridum. 

5317 fulgeus. 

5344 Ritchiea polypetala. 
5326 Saccolabium miniatum. 
5308 Scilln Berthelotii. 

5300 Stanhopea oculata. 

5289 Wardii. 

5342 Waitzia tenella. 



INDEX, 



In which the English Names of the Plants contained in the 
Eighteenth Volume of the Third Series (or Eighty- 
eighth Volume of the Work) are alphabetically arranged. 



\ 



Plate. 

5339 Acanthonema, strigose. 

5353 Acrotrema, General Walker's. 

5333 Agave, glaucescent. 

5331 Anomochloa, Maranta-like. 
5292 Anemiopsis, Californian. 
5304 Anguria, Warscewicz's. 
5319 Anthurium, Scherzer's. 

5345 Aristolochia, Gibert's. 
5295 Aristolochia, Tree. 
5307 Begonia, prism-fruited. 
5343 Berberidopsis, coral-flowered. 

5329 Bolbophyllum, clustered. 

5316 copper-coloured. 

5309 mangrove. 

5306 Ceropegia, Mr. Gardner's. 
5294 Clerodendron, hurtful. 

5313 Mrs. Thomson's. 

5310 Clomenocoma, mountain. 

5332 Cloudy-leaf, beautiful. 
5325 Clusia, Bronguiart's. 
5323 Coelogyne, Mr. Parish's. 
5297 Crocus, cream-coloured. 
5349 Cypripedium, Mr. Stone's. 
5303 Dendrobium, Mr. Low's. 
5337 Dimorphotheca, Mrs. Barber's. 
5352 Dracaena, Phrynium-like. 
5351 Echiuostachys, banded. 

5336 Epidendrum, prism-fruited. 

5328 Grammitis, taper-pointed. 

5314 Ilaamanthus, cinnabar-coloured. 

5315 Heliconia, metallic-leaved. 
5350' Hclipterum, Major Sandford's. 

5346 Higginsia, shining. 
5301 Iochroma, large-flowered. 

5330 Ipomaoa, wing-footed. 



Plate. 

5298 
5324 
5320 
5299 
5302 

5338 
5312 
5291 
5296 
5341 
5340 
5327 
5293 
5335 
5318 
5347 
5351 
5334 

5305 
5290 

5317 
5322 

5311 

5344 
5326 
5348 
5308 
5300 
5289 
5342 



Iris, long-petaled. 

Ischarum, Calla-leaved. 

Laurel, Californian mountain. 

Leea, scarlet-flowered. 

Ligularia, Kaempfer's; golden- 
spotted var. 

Lily, golden-striped. 

Limatodes, rose-coloured. 

Malortiea, slender. 

Maxillaria, graceful. 

Monochaetum, slender-branched, 

Moonwort, Carrot-leaved. 

Nolana, lance-leaved. 

Oncidium, excavated. 

Ourisia, scarlet-flowered. 

Palisota, Mr. Barter's. 

Panaetia, Lesson's. 

Phalaenopsis, Mr. Low's. 

Philadelphus, hairy, or Mock 
Orange. 

Physurus, spotted. 

Rhodanthe, Mangles' ; spotted- 
flowered var. 

Rhododendron, brilliant. 

Lady Dalhou- 



» 



t 



hybrid var. 
tree 



broad 



zoned vqr. 
llitchiea, many-petaled. 
Saccolabiutn, orange-red. 
Snakesbeard, purple-flowered. 
Squill, Berthelot's. 
Stanbopea, eyed. 

Mr. Want's. 

Waitzia, slender-stemmed. 



k 



I