(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "Curtis's botanical magazine."

CURTIS'S 



BOTANICAL MAGAZINE 



COMPRISING THE 



plants of tfre aaopal bartons; of Itffco 

AND 

OF OTHER BOTANICAL ESTABLISHMENTS IN GREAT BRITAIN; 
WITIi SUITABLE DESCRIPTIONS; 

BY 

SIR WILLIAM JACKSON HOOKER, K.H., D.C.L. Oxon., 

F.L.S., CORRESPONDING MEMBER OF THE ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE IMPERIAL INSTITUTE 
OF FRANCE, AND DIRECTOR OF THE ROYAL GARDENS OF KEW. 

VOL. XX. 
OF THE THIRD SERIES; 
(Or Vol.XC. of the Whole Wort.) 



.tniu^ 1 ''' 



JM Hil?'** 



I tOfllfUSIH MBS I 



-^coaa 



ylrW 



" Jfy Garden painted o'er 
With Nature's hand, not Art's." 

Mo 

LONDON: 

LOYELL REEVE & CO., HENRIETTA STREET, COVENT GARDEN. 

1864. 




JOHN KUWAUII TAYLOR, PRINTER, 
LITTLE t}UEEN STREET, LINCOLN'S INN FIELDS. 



DR. FREDERICK WELWITSCH, M.D., A.L.S., 



THE DISTINGUISHED TRAVELLER AND BOTANICAL EXPLORER 



IN THE PORTUGUESE POSSESSIONS OP TROPICAL WESTERN AFRICA, 



n present Bohmt is gjebwalttr, 



WITH SINCERE REGARD, 



THE AUTHOE. 



Royal Gardens, Eject, 

Dec. 1, 1801. 




Wl'iuuh.del.etlith 



Viii ■ r,i Brooke 13 g 



Tab. 5420. 

ARISTOLOCHIA leuconeura. 
Pale-veined Tree- Aristolochia. 



Nat. Ord. Aristolociiie^. — Gynandria Hexandria. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 5295.) 



Aristolochia leuconeura; subarbovescens elongata scandons ramosa, trunco 
inferne diametro bipollicari et ultra suberoso rugoso, folds longe petiolaLis 
subcarnoso-coriaceis cordatis acute acundnatis 7-nerviis basi profunde bi- 
lobis glabris, pedunculis flexuosis fasciculatis e basi trunci egredieutibus 
unifloris, perianthio subinfundibuliformi subcoriaceo-carnoso curvato, in- 
ferne valde inflato, limbo amplo oblique unilabiato atro-purpurco pulcberrime 
fiavo-lineato punctatoque, stigtnate profunde 6-lobo lobis ovatis apice un- 
guiculatis patenti-incurvis. 

Aristolochia leuconeura. Linden, Cat. n. \Z.p. 2. 



This is a very fine species of Aristolochia, evidently belonging 
to the same natural group or section as the Aristolochia arhorea, 
Linden, figured at Tab. 5295 of this work; derived, too, from 
the same country, New Granada, and introduced into Europe 
by the same distinguished horticulturist, Mr. Linden, through 
Mr. Triana, who detected it on the Magdalena, between Honda 
and Magdalena. As a species, however, it is totally distinct 
from the one just mentioned, not only in the foliage, but in the 
organization and internal structure of the flower. The singular 
blossoms are produced in our stove in September. 

Descr. Stem, .quite w T oody, almost arborescent, rough and 
corky on the outside, two or more inches in diameter, in onr 
young plant twelve feet long, scandent, branched. Young 
branches terete, herbaceous. Leaves a span or more long, 
carnoso-coriaceous, cordate, deeply tvvo-lobed at the base, with 
a very obtuse sinus, sharply and rather suddenly acuminate, 
glabrous, seven-nerved ; nerves very thick and pale-coloured, oil 
a full green ground. Petiole three to four inches long, terete, 
often twisted, subamplexicaul, but scarcely stipuled. Flowers 
produced in a cluster from the lower part of the old trunk, and 
near the base, peduncled. Peduncles short, single-flowered. 

JANUARY 1ST, 1864. 



Ovary elongated, club-shaped, terete, six-furrowed. Perianth 
two and a half inches long, following its curvature, dark-choco- 
late purple-coloured, set on as it were on one side of the apex of 
the ovary, so as to stand out at right angles from it ; the tube 
infundibuliform (internally lined with subulate deflexed hairs), 
much inflated at the base ; the limb oblique, one-lipped, ovate, 
large and spreading, apiculate, the whole upper side beautifully 
marked with pale yellow, often forked lines, radiating from the 
mouth of the tube. Anthers oblong, attached one to the base 
of each of the six large, patenti-inflexed, unguiculate lobes of 
the stigma. 



Fig. 1. Apex of the inferior ovary, and section of the hase of the tube of the 
perianth. 2. One of the hairs from the interior of the tube. 3. Stigma and 
anthers. Transverse section of the germen : — magnified. 






51,21. 




WFitah. 






3 



Vincent Broolts.hTtp. 



f 



) 



Tab. 5421. 
PELARGONIUM Bowkeri. 

Mr. Boiokers Pelargonium. 

Nat. Ord. Geraniace.e. — Monadelphia Decandria. 

Gen. Char. Flores irregulares. Srpala 5, imbricate, basi connate, posticum in 
calcar pedicello adnatum productum. Pdala 5, v. abortu pauciora, leviter pcri- 
gyna, irabricata, 2 superiors exterior* inferioribus dissimilia, ad latera ealcaria v 
pone ilium inserta. Glandula disci nullae. Stamina 10, hypogyna, basi connate 
obliqua, 7 v. rarius 2-6 antlierifera, cetera ananthera v. rnmnienteria. Ovarium 
5-lobum, 5-loculare, rostratura, rostro in stylum abeunte, ramis 5 tinearibua iu- 
trorsum stigmatosis. Ovula in locuiis 2, ab angulo interno peudula, superposita 
v. fere collateralia. Capsula lobi 5, 1-spermi, ab axi placentifero septifra^c de- 
biscentes, caudis a basi ad apicein elastice revolutis. Semina exalbummosa • 

radicula supera in cotyledones planas v. flexuoso-plicatas incumbens. Herbs 

svffrutices v. frutices, glabra vel pubescentes, scepe viscoso-odorata, nunc carnosee 
Folia opposUa v. rarius alterna, Integra, dentata, lobata v. varie dissecta, stipu- 
fata. Pedunculi axillares, oppositifolii, alares v. radicales, umbellatim 2-za-Jlori 
vel rarius 1-flori. Bent/t. and Rook. 



Pelargonium (§ Polyactium) Botckeri; radice nodoso-tuberosa, canle brevi 
carnoso, foliis subradicalibus petiolatis bi-tri-phmatipartitis, pinnis in 
racbide valde elongato suboppositis alternisve numerosis, pinnnlis lineari- 
filiformibus integerrimis tenuiter adpresse pubescentibus ; stipulis laneeo- 
latis acuminatis, scapo foliis longiori patentim puberulo, umbella tuultiflora, 
pedicellis bracteas oblongas villosas parum superanlibus, pctalis profunde 
bilobis, lobis fimbriato-multifidis. 

Pelargonium Bowkeri. Hart. Fl. Cap. Suppl. v. 2. p. 592 ; and Thesaur. Cap. 
, v. 2. p. 14. t. 121. 



Our first knowledge of this very interesting species of Pelar- 
gonium is through Dr. Harvey's valuable Flora of the Cape 
Colony, Caffraria, and Port Natal ; and it was soon after figured 
in the ' Thesaurus Capensis.' It is a native of Trans-Kei coun- 
try, of rare occurrence, detected by H. Bowker, Esq., who, to- 
gether with Mrs. Bowker, are eminent contributors towards the 
perfection of the South African flora. Nearly about the same 
time it was collected by Mr. Cooper, then collector for W. \\ ilson 
Saunders, Esq., from whom we received the plant here figured. 

JANUARY 1ST, 1864. 



Dr. Harvey speaks of it as a very handsome species, with the 
flowers of P. 8ckizopetahtm y dmatymdicum, and Gaffrum, but 

differing from all these remarkably in foliage. It certainly is a 
graceful and elegant plant, both as to foliage and in the struc- 
ture of the flowers; but there is an absence of brilliant colour 
in the latter, which renders so many other Cape Pelargonia 
attractive to cultivators. 

Descr. Tubers large, oblong or egg-shaped or subrotinid, 
solitary, or produced two to three, one above the other. Stem 
very short. Lea res subradical, with lanceolate scales or stipules, 
compoundly pinnate, slightly patenti-subsericeons, the segments 
or pinna linear acute. Petioles and main rachis terete, patenti- 
pilose. Scape a foot or more high, terete, patenti-piloee. 
Flowers in a rather large, spreading, terminal umoel, bracteated 
at the base of the pedicels, of a yellowish colour, tinged with 
purple. Calyx with the sepals relieved. Two npper petals ob- 
long, laciniated or fringed chiefly at the apex, three lower ones 
cuneate, much more deeply and compoundly laciniated. 



Fig. 1. Calyx tod pistil. 2. One of the upper petab. :;. On.- of l ho lower 
petals : — all viagiufied. 



5422. 




"TOitt:n,cLe 



Vincent Brooks imp 



Tab. 5422. 
SCHIZOSTYLIS coccinea. 

Crimson Schizo$ti/lis. 



Nat. Ord. IridEjE. — Triandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Scliizostylis, Backh. and Harv. — Floret spicati, bi'iracteati ; Irac- 
(eis hcrbaceis integris, apice vix sphacelatis. Periovnium OOTB liuuni, supcrne 
hypocrateriforme, tubo gracili, limbi laciniis sequalibus patentib is. Stamina 3, 
fauce perigonii inserta; jllamenta subulata ; anthera versatile?, basi bilobse. 
Ovarium oblongum, 3-loculare ; ovula plurima, biseriata. Stylus filiformis, pro- 
funde trifijus; stigmata subulata, erecto-patentia, apice incurva, integerrima. 
Capsida oblonga, teretiuscula ; semina (immatura) plurima, obtuse angulata, im- 
marginata. W, H. Harvey, ms. 



Sciiizostylis coccinea. 

Schizostylis coccinea. Backh. and Harvey, ms. 



The specimen of this lovely Iridaceous plant, here repre- 
sented, was sent to us by Messrs. Backhouse and Son, from 
their Nursery at York, in November of the present year, 1863, 
with the information that it inhabits eastern rivers of South 
Africa, called Kabousie and Keir-kamma, in Kaflirland. Sub- 
sequently, Dr. Harvey has informed me that he possesses speci- 
mens of the same plant, gathered by Cooper (n. 1197 of his 
distributed collection), near Drackensberg Mountain ; and also 
from Mr. D'Urban (n. 110), who found it by the Kabousie 
river, in British Cain-aria, in both cases growing very near 
water. Again, Dr. Harvey has detected it in Mr. Sanderson's 
collections from Natal ; and in Mr. Hutton's from the Katberg, 
altitude 3000 feet, who speaks of it as a " beautiful pink He* 
perantha" showing its affinity in his eyes to that genus, to 
which Mr. Backhouse also detected a resemblance. These spe- 
cimens, besides having paler flowers than our figure represents, 
have occasionally also the lobes of the perianth more obtuse. 

Descr. The root, which I have not seen, is described by 

JANUARY 1ST, 186-1. 



Mr. Backhouse as " likely to form a conn or bulb-tuber at the 
base of the stem, and at the extremity of the runners (like 
Tritonia rosea), though at present there is no clear bulb 
formed." The plant attains the height of thru: feet, with long, 
sheathing, sword-shaped, carinatcd leaves, the longest arising 
from the base. Upwards they gradually form bracts, and con- 
stitute a distichous spike, from which the /lowers (ten to four- 
teen) gradually emerge, opening in succession from below up- 
wards. Tube of the perianth shorter than the bracts ; limb 
measuring two inches across, of six spreading, uniform, ovate- 
oblong, very acute, bright crimson lobes. Stamens three, in- 
serted at the summit of the tube. Anthers sagittate, yellow. 
Ovary inferior, subtriangular. Style filiform, divided nearly halt- 
way down into three slender branches. Stigmas obtuse. 



Fig. 1. Stamen. 2. Pistil. .'5. Transverse section of the ovary : — magnified. 



5423. 




W.Titch,aei. - 



Vincent Proc 



Tab. 5423. 

MIMULUS REPENS. 

Creeping Monkey -flower. 

Nat. Orel. Scrophulariace.e. — Didynamia Gymnospermia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx tubulosus, 5-angulatus, 5-dentatus. Corolla labium supe- 
rius erectum vel reflexo-patens bilobum, inferne patens trilobum intus ad fauccin 
saepius bigibbosum, laciniis omnibus rotunilatis planis. Stamina fertilia 4. An- 
therarum loculi deorsum subconfluentes. Stylus apice bilamellatus, laciniis sub- 
ovatis subaequalibus. Capsula vix sulcata, bivalvis, loculicide dehiscens ; valvulis 
integris raro bifidis, medio septiferis, columnam centralem placentiferam inte°rain 
vel bifidam nudantibus. — Herbse extra-Europea, decumbentes vel erectm. Folia 
opposita. Pedunculi axillares, solitarii, unfflori, superiores interdum ad apices 
ramorum opposite racemosi. Benth. in Be Cand. 



Mimulus repens ; repens, foliis sessilibus vel amplexicaulibus ovatis oblongisve 
obtusis, pedunculis folio parum longioribus, calycibus ovatis truncatis bre- 
vissime dentatis. Benth. 

Mimulus repens. Br. Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl. p. 439. Benth. in Be Cand. 
Prodi: p. 373. Hook. Fil. Fl. Nov. Zel. v. 1. p. 188. Ejusd. Fl, Tasman. 
v. I. p. 290. 



Twenty-nine species of the genus Mimulus are enumerated by 
Mr. Bentham, of which the majority are natives of North Ame- 
rica, chiefly on the Pacific side, and with many of these we 
are familiar in our gardens. Three inhabit India, one Mada- 
gascar, one the Cape, two tropical and two extra-tropical 
Australia. The last-mentioned are remarkable in being pros- 
trate or creeping, and necessarily include the present species, 
which was discovered by Mr. Brown, at Port Jackson ; but it 
extends to Victoria (whence seeds were sent to us by Dr. Mueller, 
in 1862), and is probably frequent in the more temperate regions 
of Australia, appearing again in Tasmania; and Dr. Hooker 
speaks of it as common " in saline situations, and muddy banks 
of rivers, etc., in New Zealand." It is now, we believe, first 
cultivated in Europe, and we are glad to give a figure of so very 
pretty a species. Mr. Bentham well observes, " Habitu Herpe- 

JANUARY 1ST, 1864. 



stidi Mbnnieria simillimus ;" but the flowers arc much larger 
and handsomer. We have hitherto kept it in the greenhouse, 
where it flowers copiously; but in all probability a common 
frame would suffice for its winter protection, and the open air 
in summer. 

Descr. Herbaceous, perennial, branching copiously from a 
central root, everywhere prostrate and rooting, quite glabrous 
and subsucculent ; branches four-angled. Leaves opposite, ses- 
sile, varying from orbicular to oblong, quite entire in our plant 
at the margin, one-nerved (no evident lateral veins). Peduncles 
longer than the leaves, opposite, axillary, solitary, one-flowered. 
Calyx rather small in proportion to the size of the corolla, sub- 
campanulate, five-angled, five-toothed; teeth short, erect, with a 
rounded, short, crenate lobe between the teeth. Corolla rather 
bright lilac, paler on the lower lip, dotted with deep yellow iu 
the faux (and there bigibbous and pubescent); tube iufmidihuli- 
form, longer than the calyx ; limb very large and spreading, two- 
lipped, upper two-, lower lip- threc-lobed ; lodes large obtuse, or 
refuse. Stamens and style included. Ovary ovate. Style filiform. 
Stigma two-lipped. 



Fig. 1. Corolla laid open. 2. Calyx and pistil. '.',. Pistil moored boa the 
Calyx : — magnified. 



jlf2i 




WPitah,dd.eLlith. 



Vincent Broc 



Tab. 5424. 
solanum anthropophagorum. 

Cannibals Solanum or Boro dina. 



Nat. Ord. Solanace.e. — Pentandma Munugynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx 5-(rariu9 4-6-10)-partitus -fidus -dcntatus -crenatusve, atquc 
etiam integer, regularis vel rarius subirregularis. Corolla rotata, cupularis 
vel patellaris, tubo brevi, limbo plicato 5-(rarius 4 v. f>)-fido -partito vel 
-angulari. Stamina 5, rarius 4 vel 6, corolhe fauci adnata, plerumque exMlta ; 
Jilamenta brevissima, sequalia vel rarius incquatia. Antheree libera, apice poris 
geminis dehiscentes, eonniventes, rarissime connatae, aequales vel interdum ina 1 - 
quales, loculis lateralibus connectivo non conspicuo adnatis. Ovarium bi-(rarius 
3-4)-loculare, placentis dissepimento insertis adnatis multiovulatis. Stylus sub- 
simplex. Stigma obtusum. Bacca 2-(rarius 3-4)-locularis. Semina plurima, sub- 
reniformia, compressa. Embryo periphericus, spiralis, albumen carnosum in- 
cludens. Bunal, in De Cand. 



Solanum aniliropopliagorv.m ; fruticosum, ramis herbaceis teretibus erectis, foliis 
glabris ovatis acuminatis integerrimis vel (inferioribus) margine angulato- 
lobatis longe petiolatis, pedimculis petiolo brevioribus extra-axillaribus soli- 
tariis apice subcomposite racemosis, pedicellis paucis gracilibus cernuis, 
floribus parvis, calyce tubo brevi subhemispbaerico conspicue 5-gibboso, 
limbo 5-lobo, lobis triangulari-ovatis acuminatis, corolla (alba) rotata pu- 
bescente, fructu magnitudine Citri Limetta globoso obscure 2-lobo apice 
mammillato. 

Solanum anthropophagorum. Seem, in Bonplandia, 1862. ja. 294. t. 14. 



The ' Correspondence relative to the Fiji Islands,' presented 
to both Houses of Parliament by command of Her Majesty in 
May, 1862, is accompanied by an interesting Appendix, being 
a Report, by Dr. Seeinann, on the " Vegetable Productions and 
Resources of the Vitian or Fijian Islands," in which a chapter at 
page 58 is devoted to " Vegetables eaten icith human flesh ; from 
which I make the following extract : — " These it may be impor- 
tant to notice ; since, thanks to the influence of commerce, Chris^ 
tian teaching, and the presence of a British consul, cannibalism 
survives only in a few localities, and is daily becoming more ar d 
more a matter of history. Human flesh, Fijians have repeatedly 

JANUARY 1ST, 1864. 



assured me, is extremely difficult to digest, and even the healthi- 
est suffer for two or three days after partaking of it. Probably 
in order to assist the process of digestion, bokola, as dead man's 
flesh is technically termed, is always eaten with the addition of 
vegetables. There are principally three kinds, which in Fijian 
estimation ought to accompany bokola, — the leaves of Malawari 
{Tropins anthropopliagorum, Seem.), the Tudano [Omalanthus pe- 
dlcellatus, Benth.), and the Boro dina {Solatium antliropophago- 
rum, Seem.). The two former are middle-sized trees, growing 
wild in many parts of the group, but the Boro dina is cultivated, 
and there are generally several large bushes near every ' bure ' 
(or strangers' house) where the bodies of those slain in battle 
are always taken. The Boro dina is a bushy shrub, seldom higher 
than six feet, with a dark glossy foliage, and berries of the shape 
and colour of tomatoes. This fruit has a faint aromatic smell, 
and is occasionally prepared like tomato sauce. The leaves of 
these three plants are wrapped round the bokola, as those of the 
Taro are around pork, and baked with it on heated stones. Salt 
is not forgotten. Whilst every other kind of vegetable and meat 
are eaten with the fingers, cannibal food is touched only with 
forks, generally made of the wood of the Nokonoko {Caauarina 
equisetlfolia) or the Vesi {Afzclla hijuga, A. Gray), bearing curious 
names, and having three to four long prongs. The reason given 
for this deviation from the general mode of eating is a wide- 
spread belief that fingers which have touched bokola are apt to 
generate cutaneous diseases when coming in contact with the 
tender skin of children, and as the Fijians are very fond of their 
offspring, they are most scrupulous in using forks on the above 
occasions." 

The Boro dina above mentioned is the subject of our present 
Plate. Our plants were reared from seed brought home by Dr. 
Seemann, and which flowered in the stove of the Royal Gardens 
in July. Except when in fruit, this species of Solatium has no 
beauty to recommend it for cultivation : it is only interesting 
historically as connected with a practice which is happily yearly 
becoming more and more obsolete. 



Fig. 1. Calyx, including the pistil. 2. Corolla laid open, ■ illi stamens nnd 
pistil, — magnified. 3. Fruits, — mil. size. 4. Transverse section of | fruit, — 
uat. size. 



,542<>. 







; x ■ 

Vincent Brooksjxnp 



Tab. 5425. 
FORRESTIA hispida. 

Ilairy-sh eath ed Forrest ia . 

Nat. Ord. Commkunaceje. — Hexandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Sepala 6, ima basi connata, colorata ; tria exteriora erect a, ob- 
longa, acuta; tria interiora angustiora, oblongo-subspathulata, acuta, plana, pel- 
lucida, caduca, in floribus unisexualibus nullis vel cito evanida. Stamina 6, 
hypogyna, sepalis opposita eorumque longitudine. Filamenta distincta, filiformia. 
Anthera biloeulares, subcordatae, introrsac, basi affixae ; loculis oppositis, secun- 
dum longitudinem deluscentibus. Ovarium liberum, sessile, subovoideum, tri- 
gonum, superne villosum, triloculare ; ovula in loculis bina, superposita. Stylus 
terminalis, gracilis, longitudine staminum, glaber. Stigma parvulura, obsolete 
trilobtim. Capsula subcordato-triquetra, trilocularis, trivalvis ; valvis medio 
septiferis. Semina in loculis 2, obsolete reniformia, medio lateraliter affixa (ex- 
centrice peltata, Endl.), externe couvexa, interne margine revoluta et inaequaliter 

lobulata, concava. Albumen subeartilagineutn, densum, album. Embryo ? 

— Herba erecta, bipedalis, simplex. Folia vaginantia, elliptico-oblonga, nervoso- 
striata, glabra, basi angustata et supra vaginam quasi petiolata ; vaginis integris, 
hispido-lannginosis. Flores rubri, supra vaginam exserti, dense capitati, herma- 
p/iroditi vel abortu unisexuales, bracteis interstincti. Less, et Rich. 



Fohuestia hispida, Less, et A. Rich, in Toy. de V Astrolabe, v. 2. p. 2. t. 1. 

Knnth, Euum. Plant, v. 4. p. 116. Miq. Ft. Ned. hid. v. 3. p. 547. 
CAMrELiA marginata. Bl. Emm. PI. Jav. v. I. p. 7. Wall. Cat. n. 3977 (not 

Campelia of Rich.). Probably C. mollissima, Bl., and of Miq. Fl. Ned. 

Lnd. v. 1. Suppl.p. 609. 

Amischotolype marginata, Hassh., and A. glabrata, Hassk. in Regensb. Fl. 1863, 
n. 23. p. 392, belong here also. 

Pollia purpurea. Hort. Bull, (certainly not Pollia of Thunb.) 



Our first knowledge of this really handsome stove-plant was 
derived from Mr. Bull, Nursery, Chelsea, who presented us with 
a living plant, but (a subject of which we have often to com- 
plain) without giving any clue to the period of its introduction, 
through what channel, or what its native country ; simply ac- 
companied by the name of " Pollia purpurea" It may be so 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1861. 




it Broo 



Tab. 5426. 

IPOMCEA FILICAULIS. 

Slender-stalked Ipomcea* 

Nat. Ord. Convolvulace.e. — Pentandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 5330.) 



Ipomcea (§ Orthipomsea) filicaulis ; caule elongato raro subvolubili filiformi 
anguloso, foliis linearibus aut lineari-lanceolatis brevissime petiolatis basi 
subhastato-denticulatis glabeiTiinis, pedunculis folio lon<>ioribus 1-2-floris, 
pedicellis clavatis, sepalis acutis ovato-acuminatis sequalibus 3 lineas longis, 
corolla albo-lutea. Chois. 

Ipomcea filicaulis. Bl. Bijdr.p. 721. Chois. in De Cand. Prodr. v. 9. p. 353. 

Convolvulus filicaulis. Fail, Symb. v. 3. p. 24. 

Convolvulus hastatus. Desv. non Sieb. nee Thnnb. 

Convolvulus medium. Lour. Ait. IVall., non Linn. (Chois.) 

Convolvulus filiformis. Thunb. 

Convolvulus denticulatus. Sprang. 

Convolvulus angustifolius. Besr. Void. 

Convolvulus Japouicus? Th. Fl.Jap.p. 85. 

Ipomcea denticulata. Br. Prodr. II. Nov. Holl. p. 485. Lindl. Bot. Reg. 
p. 317, not Chois. 

Ipomcea angustifolia. Jacq. Coll. v. 2. p. 367- Ic. Bar. t. 317, not Chois. 

Ipomcea Japonica ? Bcem. et Sch. 

Ipomcea Blumei. Steud. 

Tfomcea bidentata. Bon. 

Convolvulus Blumei. Bietr. 

Talu-Noli. RJieede, Hort. Malab.v. 11. p. 113. t. 35. 



Of the above numerous synonyms brought under this species, 
we have verified what lay in our power ; for the rest M. Choisy 
is responsible, though there is no reason to believe that he is 
otherwise than correct. It has certainly a widely extended lo- 
cality, being considered to inhabit Asia (India and the Malay 
Archipelago, abundant, whence the seeds are often sent without 
name to Europe), Australia, Africa, and even the warmer parts 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1864. 



of the New World. Being an animal, however, it does not easily 
become established in our stoves: yet it is a graceful and an 
elegant plant, bearing a succession of the pretty dark-eyed cream- 
coloured flowers, with however scarcely a snliicient mass of foliage 
to set off the blossoms to much advantage. 

Descr. Stems filiform, much branched, and varying greatly in 
length, rambling rather than climbing. Leaves alternate, two 
to three inches long, less than half an inch wide, glabrous, 
linear-oblong, acuminate, scarcely petiolcd : the base entire or 
two-lobed, so as then to be sagittate, or sometinu s hastate, and 
toothed. Peduncle filiform, solitary, two to four inches long, 
generally longer than the leaf from the axils of which they spring, 
and for the most part bearing two jknoers, with Blender pedicels, 
the uppermost flower expanding first. Sepals acuminate. Co- 
rolla small, scarcely three-quarters of an inch broad, subinfun- 
dibuhfornu-campanulate, white or cream-colour, with a bright 
purple eye in the throat. Stamens scarcely exserted. Ovary 
globose, seated on a fleshy disk, Shjlc filiform; stiama lai 
two-lobed. 



Fig. 1. Base of a leaf, with its short petiole. -2. \' ww^bd. 




"WKtc^dfiletlitK- 



Viricerit Brc^r 



Tab. 5427. 
gladiolus sericeo-villosus. 

Shaggy -stemmed Cornflag. 



Nat. Ord. ImDACEifc. — Triandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Perigonium corollinum, superum, irregulare, tubo teretiusculo, limbi 
sexpartiti bilabiati laciniis ineequalibus. Stamina 3, perigouii tubo inserta, 
erecta v. subsecunda, inclusa v. exserta ; jtlamenta filiforraia ; antkeres lincares, 
dorso supra basin affixa?. Ovarium inferum, obtuse trigonum, triloculare. Ovula 
plurima, in loculorum angulo centrali pluriseriata, pendula, anatropa. Stylus 
filiformis ; stigmata 3, petaloideo-dilatata. Capsula membranacea, trilocularis, 
loculicido-trivalvis. Semina plurima, pendula, compresso-plana, alata v. rarius 
globosa, subbaccata, testa laxa vel carnosa, rhaplie intra testam libera, valida. 
Embryo axilis, albumine carnoso parmn brevior, extremitate radiculari umbilicum 
attingente, supera. — Herbse in Europa media et in regions Mediterranea rariores, 
in Capite Bonce Spei copiosce, multiformes ; radice bulboso-tuberosa, foliis dis- 
tichis equitanlibus, floribus in spira simplici secundis, scepius nutantibus, spatha 
bivalvi persistente. Endl. 



Gladiolus sericeo-villosus ; elatus, caule spathisque sericeo-villosissimis, foliis 
bi-tripedalibus et ultra elongatis lineari-ensiformibus striatis, spica pedali 
et ultra multiflora, tubo corolte spatham aequante, limbo campanulato sub- 
ringente luteo-virescente rubro tincto, laciniis ovatis subuniformibus concavis 
superiore majore, staminibus subexsertis, styli ramis elongatis curvatis. 



Communicated to the Royal Gardens of Kew by our valued 
friend W. Wilson Saunders, Esq., being one of the many novel- 
ties detected by his collector, Mr. Cooper, in the interior of the 
Cape Colony. It is quite unlike any of the numerous species of 
Gladiolus figured in botanical or horticultural works, and equally 
unlike any of the Cape species in our herbarium, and is a striking 
plant from its size, three to four feet high, the very long and 
densely-flowered spike, and the beautiful long, shaggy-silky 
clothing to the stem and spathes, while the rest of the plant is 
quite free from hairs. The colour of the flowers, too, is very 
peculiar, yellow-green, but tinged with pale-yellowish brown, 
more striking in the living plant than as seen from a coloured 
iiojure. 

I do not venture to notice the affinities of the species of a 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1864. 



genus which has not conic much under my observation ; and I 
know it will receive due attention from the learned authors of 
the ' Flora Capensis/ when the mass of the species will come 
under their attention. 



Pis. 1. Base of the tube of the corolla, with stamens and style, — slightly 
magnified. 2. Leaf, — natural size. 




WYitdx,,. 



ncentDrooJcs,! 



Tab. 5428. 
TRICHANTHA minor. 

Smaller -leaved Trichantha. 



Nat. Ord. Gesneriace.e. — Didynamia Angiospermia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx inferus, coloratus, profundc quinquepartitus ; Mis subpal- 
mato-profunde-pinnatifidis, laciniis elongatis linearibus ciliatis. Corolla tubu- 
losa, hinc subventricosa, crinito-hirsuta, supra basin constricta ; Umbo parvo, ob- 
liquo, 4-lobo, lobo superiore bifido ; Mis cum appendiculis claviformibus paolo 
infra sinus clavatis, luteis, alteraantibus, apice setoso-stellatis. Stamina 4, didy- 
nama, subinclusa; antheris per pariaconniventibus. Ovarium superum, ovatum, 
hinc basi glandula hypogyna, magna. Stylus filiformis, longitudine staminum ; 
stigma bifidum. — Frutices scandentes, radicantes, Caricasani, epiphyti, pilosi. 
Folia subsucculenta, camosa, ovata, sen obovata, opposita, unico multo mhiore. 
Flores hirsutissimi (pills articulatis) , axillares, aggregate, pulcherrime picti. Pe- 
dunculi taiijlori, sursum curvati. Hook. 



Trichantha minor; foliis ovatis acuminatis integerrimis ciliatis supra demum 

glabriusculis, caule appresso-piloso vel glabro. 
Trichantha minor. Rook. Ic. PI. t. 666. Walp. Repert. Bot. Syst. p. 395. 

Hanst. Conspect. Gesneriac. p. 216. t. 2./. 63. 



This very remarkable and very beautiful plant, which, to- 
gether with a closely allied species, constitute a new genus of 
GesneriacecB, has been hitherto only known in the herbarium, 
from specimens collected by William Lobb in Columbia, South 
America, and supplied to us by the late Mr. Veitch, of the 
Exeter Nursery, and they were both figured by us in the seventh 
volume of our ' Icones Plantarum.' To our great gratification, 
we received in November of the past year 1863, living speci- 
mens in full flower of one of the two species, T. minor, from 
the present Messrs. Veitch, of Exeter and Chelsea Nurseries ; 
and beautiful as are many of the Gesneriaceous plants, long fa- 
vourites in our stoves and greenhouses, none perhaps exceeds 
this in elegance of form and structure, and beauty of colour. 
These living plants were introduced through Mr. R. Pearce, the 
energetic collector for the Messrs. Veitch, in Tropical America. 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1864. 



The letter announcing it was dated from Guayaquil, 18C1, and 
it was mentioned as "a charming little stove-climber, with 

flowers bearing a strong resemblance to spiders/' but no exact 
locality has been stated either by Mr. Pcarce or by Mr. Lobb, 
which is much to be regretted. 



Fig-. 1. Flower, deprived of the corolla. 2. Corolla laid open. 8. Ovary and 
perigonal gland. 4. Transverse section of ovary : — magnified. 



MIS, 




Vincent. Brooks, Imp 



Tab. 5429. 

CANSCORA Parishii. 

Parish's Canscora. 



Nat. Ord. GentianejE. — Tetkandiua Monogyma. 

Gen. Char. Calyx tubulosus, 4-dentatus. Corolla nuda, demum saepius deci- 
dua, labio superiore profunde bilobo basi triandro, inferiori emarginato, monan- 
dro; stamine inferiori longiori. Antliera erectse, immutatatse, 3 superiores li- 
nearis filamento destitutae; suprema lobis intermedia, laterales juxta et infra 
labium cordite superius positse ; inferior subrotunda, minor ; filamento snturse 
loborum inserto brevior. Ovarium uniloculare; ovulis ad suturam insertis. Stylus 
distinctus, deciduus ; stigmate bilamellato v. bigloboso aut indiviso, capitulato 
aut bicruri. Capsula bivalvis, septicida, subunilocularis, placentis spongiosis 
suturalibus. Semina placentis immersa, minuta. — Herbae annua, India orien- 
talis, Africaque tropica orien talis. Caulis tetrapterus, ramosus, tener ; ramis 
erecto-patentibus ; panicula dichotoma, rarissime in spicam redacta. Folia tri- 
nervia, parva, latiuscula. Flores rosei vel albi, tenues ; calyce cylindrico, appresso, 
corolla tubum aquante. Griesb. in Be Card. 



Canscora Parishii; annua, glabra, caule erecto ramisque dichotomis teretibus, 
foliis omnibus orbiculari-perfoliatis obtusissimis vix mueronato-apiculatis 
glaucis, floribus solitariis axillaribus brevissime pedunculatis, calyce inflato- 
urceolato amplo lobis latis acutis erecto-patentibus, corolla (alba) tubo basi 
inflato, lobis obovatis subobliquis basi biocellatis, staminibus didynamis 
omnibus fertilibus. 



A most interesting and perfectly new species of the Gentian 
family, Canscora, found by the Rev. C. S. P. Parish, on limestone 
rocks, at Moulmeine, and by Mr. Thomas Lobb, on the rums of 
a pagoda, in the same country. In 1868, Mr. Parish sent to us 
seeds, as well as specimens : the former germinated readily, and 
being annual, and of tolerably rapid growth, the singular leaves 
and copious pure white flowers, yellowish in the centre, were 
quite an ornament to the house in the summer months. The 
species is very remarkable, in having perfectly terete stems 
and branches, and an equally terete calyx, in no way angled 
or winged. The leaves are throughout the plant completely 
connato-perfoliate into one exactly orbiculate leaf, with the stem 

FEBBUAUY 1ST, 1864. 



or branch, as it were, passing through the centre, and the veins 
all radiating from that point. In Canscora perfoliata of Lin- 
naeus, and in C. yrandiflora, Wight (PI. Ind. Or. t. 1326), the 
upper leaves are broad and perfoliate, the lower ones narrow and 
free, and in other respects are quite different from ours, and which 
cannot fail to remind the European botanist of our well-known 
Chlora perfoliata, while the larger and orbicular leaves, sometimes 
two to two-and-a-half inches in diameter, bring to recollection 
those of Bupleurum rotund! folium. 

Descr. Boot annual. Plant one to two feet high, erect, 
branched, mostly dichotomously so ; stem and branches slender, 
quite terete, stramineous, lower ones sometimes opposite. Leaves 
copious, not only opposite, but perfectly connate-, so that the 
united two apparently form one exactly orbicular leaf, with the 
stem or branch in the centre, the veins radiating from that point, 
glaucous; the apices very obtuse, but sometimes indicated by a 
minute point or mucro. Flowers almost as copious as are the 
leaves, solitary, axillary, very short petiolate, perhaps the largest 
of the genus. Calyx urceolate, ventricosc, inflated, veined, quite 
destitute of angle or wing, four-lobed; lobes unequal, broad, 
acute. Corolla pure white j fed* inflated below; looet obovate, 
oblique, moderately unequal, tinged with yellow in the centre, 
and at the base of each are two small, deep, yellow, ocellated 
spots. Stamens four, two large and two small, inserted in the 
faux. Ovary ovate, free ; style rather short ; stiyma rather small, 
two-lobed. 



Fig. 1. Calyx. 2. Corolla laid open. 3. Stamen. 4. Pistil, o. Trims- 
verse section of ovary : — Magnified. 




"W.Fit* 



Vkicert 



Tab. 5430. 
DENDROBIUM ciliatum. 

Fringe-lipped Detidrobium. 



Nat. Ord. Orchide.e. — Gtnandria Monandria. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 5303.) 



Dexdrobium ciliatum; caule elongate* tereti striato articulato vaginato parce 
folioso, foliis oblongis obtusis junioribus acutis, racemis subterminalibtis 
axillaribusque cum pedunculo gracili erecto bracteato spitharoaeis raultifloris, 
petalis sepalisque subconforraibus patentibus oblongo-spathulatis luteo- 
viridibus, labello luteo purpureo-lineato cuneato-oblongo obsolete trilobo, 
lobis lateralibus elongatis iucurvatis intermedio patente longe pulcherrime 
fimbriato-ciliato, ciliis clavatis, calcare conico subobtuso columnar longi- 
tudine. 

Dendrobicm ciliatum. Parish, in Hort. Low. 



A graceful and tall-growing species of Dendrobium, sent to us 
by Messrs. Low, of the Clapton Nursery, in November, 1863. It 
is one of the many interesting novelties discovered by the Rev. C. 
S. P. Parish at Moulmeine; and we gladly adopt his name, so 
aptly derived from the long, rather distant, clavate cilia, which 
fringe the middle lobe of the labellum, and which, on more mi- 
nute examination, are found to be a prolongation of the veins of 
the labellum, of a very different character from real hairs. 

Few gentlemen occupy a better locality for botanical researches 
than our reverend friend at Moulmeine, and few, we know, are 
disposed to derive greater advantage from such a position. He 
possesses, too, scientific knowledge, and great aptitude for drawing. 
We have been favoured with many specimens from his talented 
pencil, and amongst others of the magnified representation of 
the flowers of the Dendrobium, which are of the greatest ser- 
vice to the working botanist at home, who has often only dried 
and withered specimens from which to draw up his characters. 
Mr. Parish's labours among the Ferns have been as important as 
among the Orchidaceous plants, and we confidently hope he will 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1864. 



contribute largely to the forthcoming 'Flora Indica' of Drs. 
Hooker and Thomson, which has now been so liberally patronized 
by the First Secretary of State for India in Council. 



Fig. 1. Column and anther. 2. Pollen-masses. 3. Labellum : — magnified. 



>/.V, 




•■• 



Tab. 5431. 
HELICHRYSUM Mannti. 

Mr. Manns Helichrymm . 

Nat. Ord. Composite. — Syngenesia Superfltja. 

Gen. Char. Capitulum multiflorum, nunc homogamum, fl. omnibus tubulosis 
hermaphroditis 5-dentatis, nunc heterogamum, fl. radii uniseriatis ssepe paucis- 
simis,fcemineis gracilibus. Involucrum imbricatum, squamis scariosis, interioribus 
conniventibus aut radiantibus. Jieceptaculum planum, epaleaceum, nunc nudum 
aut areolatum, nunc fimbrilliferum. Achmiia erostria, sessilia, areola terminali. 
Pappus uniserialis, setis subscabris nee plumosis, nunc liberis, nunc asqualiter 
basi subconcretis, nunc inaequaliter subcoadunatis seu ramosis. — Herbae aut 
suffrutices. Species preesertim Capenses, in omni orhi veteri et Australasia etiam 
crescentes, sed nunquam in America observatce. Be Cand. 



Helichrystjm Mannii ; caule erecto annuo (?) sed basi lignoso simplici inferne 
nudo, foliis copiosis lanceolatis approximates patentibus oblique pinnatim ve- 
nosis acuminatis basi serniaraplexantibus subdecurrentibus, subtus pra3cipue 
cano-tomentosis, corymbo terminali amplo, capitulis globosis copiosis, invo- 
lucri squamis scariosis (rarius flavis) albis flosculos tubulosos sequantibus 
omnibus erectis vel incurvis sequalibus (non radiantibus), pappo scabro. 

Helichrysum Mannii. Hook.fll. in Journ. Linn. Soc. Bot. v. 6. p. 12. 



De Candolle says of the genus Helichrysum " (etiam Heliptero 
disjuncto) vastissimum, nee tamen ulterius meo sensu separan- 
dum." He enumerates, so long ago as 1S07, no less than 215 
species ! Time was when the beauty of many of the Cape and 
Australian species {Gnaphaliums, as they were then called) re- 
commended them to our greenhouses and conservatories, and 
for the winter decoration of our mantelpieces, on account of the 
property of the flowers retaining their colours long after being 
gathered, whence they obtained the name of Everlastings. The 
present noble species, if it can be retained in our gardens and 
increased, may revive the taste for the genus. It is a native of 
the summit of the Peak of Fernando Po, and of the Cameroon 
Mountains, elevation from 4000 to 13,000 feet, where it was 
collected by Mr. Gustav Mann. As a species, its affinity is cer- 
tainly with the Cape Helichrysum, II. fmtichnn, Linn., figured 

MARCH 1st, 1864. 



at Tab. 1 9S7 of this work, which however is very different, as 
may be seen by a comparison with the figure just mentioned; 
that is moreover a small herbaceous plant, while this is tall and 
with quite a woody appearance below. It flowered in our stove 
in September, 1S63. 

Dkscr. Our cultivated plants attain a height of two and more 
feet. The item thick as a man's finger, the lower half or nearly 
so brown, quite woody in appearance and bare of leaves, gra- 
dually more herbaceous upwards, and there clothed with close- 
placed, spreading, lanceolate, acuminate, slightly tortuose lee 
with a few erect patent veins, the base semiamplexicaul and 
slightly decurrent at the margins. The summit is crowned with 
a large convex corymb, six to eight inches across, bearing co- 
pious Jhwers [capitula) nestled as it were among the nameroui 
bracts or Moral leaves of the peduncles. These Jlntrrrs are an 
inch across, quite globose. Involucre white, sometimes rather a 
bright yellow, scariose, of numerous, acute, oblong, or subspathu- 
late scales, green at the base, closely imbricated, the innermost 

ones not in any way constituting a ray, hut rather incurved. 
The centre of the fairer or capitulum c<>n>titutr> a Hat disk, of a 
bright yellow colour, formed of innumerable tubular //ore/*, all 

attaining the same level. Hairs of the /uz/j/jum slightly thickened 
upwards and -cabrous, of the same length as the corolla. 



Fig. 1. Scale of the involucre. 2. Tubular floret hair of the pappus : — magnifed. 



StfZ 




WTic/kdAetlith 



'incei\tBrooks,Imp- 



Tab. 5432. 
QUAMOCLIT Nationis. 

Mr. Nations Qua mod it. 



Nat. Ord. CoNVOLVCLACEjE. — Pentandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Sepala 5, ssepius mucronata. Corolla tubuloso-cylindrica. Stamina 
exserta. Stylus 1. Stigma capitatura, bilobura. Ovarium 4-loculare, loculis 
monospermis. — Herbae volubiles, plerague Americana. C/wis. 



Quamoclit Nationis ; perennis, radice tuberosa, foliis cordato-acuminatis oranino 
integris glabris, pedunculis folio longiorilms tri-multifloris, sepalis mucro- 
nato-acuminatis, corollae tubo elongato cylindrico albo, limbo diametro 2-un- 
ciali aurantiaco. 



The old and extensive genus Convolvulus of Linnaeus has been 
of late years split up into numerous genera, but, in the opinion of 
able botanists, in many instances on very insufficient grounds ; 
and one has an example under Ipomoza filicaulis, BL, given in 
our last number, for February, Tab. 5426, of the great multipli- 
cation of species on no better principles. It behoves me to steer 
clear of an error of this kind, for I was at first disposed to refer 
this splendidly-coloured flower to a gigantic form of Ipomcea. or 
Quamoclit, coccinea of our gardens. It has many of the essential 
characteristics of that well-known species, where the colour of its 
flower is notoriously variable. True, the difference in size is 
very unexpected, and is not at all exaggerated in our figure ; and 
we have but to look at the Plate of Ipomcea (or Calonyction) 
Bona-Nox, given at our Tab. 752, with its large white flowers, 
not unlike in size and form some Datura, and compare with it 
the var. ft of Bot. Reg. t. 290, with its singularly small and 
purple flowers (a var. too generally acknowledged), to assure our- 
selves that other Convolvulacece vary in a no less remarkable 
degree. Still there are characters in this plant which compel 
me to adopt it as new. It is perennial, its long stems, running 
the whole length from the ground up the rafters of the green- 
house, arise from a large tuber. The leaves are never otherwise 
than cordate and entire, the sepals are less mucronate, and the 

march 1st, 1864-. 



size and colour of the flower will recommend it tor cultivation 
in the greenhouse or temperate stove. It may possibly hear our 
summers in the open air. We owe the introduction of this plant 
to Mr. Nation, who has been long resident in Peru, and has col- 
lected and studied the plants of that rich botanical region. It 
is cultivated at Lima, but is a native of the Cordillera, and we 
have the good fortune to possess in our Herbarium an unnamed 
native specimen, collected by Mr. .Mathews in the Araancacs 
(his n. 721). 

Descr. Perennial. Root a large firm tuber. Stems very long 
and slender, branched, climbing, glabrous. Leaves membrana- 
ceous, exactly cordate, acuminate, quite entire, three to five 
inches long, with a deep sinus at the base, and a flexuose petiole 
two to four inches long. Peduncles solitary, axillary, much 
longer than the leaves (including the petiole), flexuose, generally 
three -flowered at the apex. Pedicels half to an inch long, with 
a few glands, sensibly thickened upwards. Calyx half an inch 
long, erect, imbricated, ovate, mucronate-acuminate. Corolla 
hypocrateriform, with the tube cylindrical, two to two ami a half 
inches long and as many lines in diameter, whitish, minutely 
pubescent. Limi spreading horizontally, two inches in diameter, 
of the richest orange-scarlet colour, live-lob,.!, the lobes rotnn- 
dato-triangular, mucronulatc at the apex ; a plica or fold runs 
down the centre of each lobe. Stamens much exserted, the style 
less so. Fruit globose, firmly enclosed in the persistent cal\x, 
four-celled; cells one-seeded. 



Fig. 1. Pistil and hypogynnl vmv,—»li/jhtly magnified. 



5/f33. 




WFrtch, del et liih 



Vmcent Brocks. I»P- 



Tab. 5433. 

SACCOLABIUM Harrisonianum. 

Mr. Harrisons Saccolabium. 



Nat. Ord. Orchidejs. — Gynandria Monandkia. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 5326.) 



Saccolabium Harrisonianum ; foliis distiche iinbricatis oblongis inferne cari- 
nato-caualiculatis striatis apice oblique bifidis, racemis inultitioris densis 
pedunculatis axillaribus pendulis, floribus albis, sepalis ovato-oblongis 
obtusis plauiusculis subincurvis, petalis angustioribus oblongis subspathu- 
latis, labello oblougo-obovato obtuso grosse apiculato apicem versus sac- 
cato, disco linea solitaria elevata crassa, calcare obconico obtuso. 

Saccolabium Harrisonianum. Hort. Low. 



A beautiful white Saccolabium, as we consider it to be, with 
pure white, deliriously fragrant flowers, communicated to us in 
November, 1863, by Messrs. Stuart and Low, of the Clapton 
Nursery, who suggested the name S. Harrisonianum, in com- 
pliment to C. H. Harrison, Esq., a gentleman greatly interested 
in the introduction and cultivation of Indian Orchids. The pre- 
sent species was imported by him from Pulo Copang, in the 
Chinese seas, and so successfully that the specimen here figured 
flowered in the box during the voyage, and certainly does not 
give an idea of what may be expected from well-cultivated or 
native-flowering specimens ; and indeed, withered samples in the 
same box (some of which were sent to us) prove that the ra- 
cemes attain a length of twenty to twenty-four inches, and one 
plant received had seven such spikes upon it. The effect of 
such a specimen must be very striking. 

In many respects (but not in the colour of the flowers) this 
plant bears a resemblance to Saccolabium Blumei, figured by 
Dr. Lindley in bis ' Sertum Orchidaceum,' t. 47, but the 
apex of the leaves and of the labellum is different : still more 
does it resemble Dr. Lindley's Vanda violacea, figured at t. 30, 
of the 33rd volume of the Bot. Register, for 1847 ; so much so, 

MARCH 1st, 1864. 



indeed, that I was quite disposed at first to consider our plant as 
a white-flowered variety of it. Indeed, generically, I do not see 
how these two plants are to be distinguished. The " rostellum 
subulatum" and the " labellum indivisum " are the same in 
both ; but our plant exhibits nothing of the five elevated lines 
described and so distinctly figured in the Vanda. The flowers 
too of the latter are said to have a faint and rather disagreable 
smell. As Vanda violacea, however, is not introduced into the 
genus Vanda in Dr. Lindley's ■ Folia Orchidacea,' a memoir 
published six years after that of V. violacea, it is probable the 
author may have thought it right to remove the latter from 
Vanda. Neither on the other hand is it mentioned in Dr. Lind- 
ley's list of " species excluded" from that genus. 



Kg. 1. Front view of a flower, the perianth being removed. 2. Side new of 

the same : — magnified. 




lel.etlith. 



YitxentBroofeifff 



Tab. 5434. 
BEGONIA Mannii. 

Mr. Manns Begonia. 



Nat. Ord. Begoniace^e. — Moncecia Polyantiria. 

Gen. Char. Masc. Calyx 0. Corolla polypetala, petalis plerumque 4, in- 
aequalibus. Fcem. Calyx 0. Corolla petalis 4-9 plerumqne iiucqualibus. Slyli 
3, bifidi. Capsula triquctra, trilocularis, polysperma. 



Begonia Mannii; erecta, succulenta, bipedalis, foliis jequilateralibus ovatis 
acuminatis irregulariter remoto-serratis supra glabris subtus discoloribus 
minutissime copiose punctulatis, petiolis breviusculis costisque subtus rufo- 
hirsutulis, stipulis lanceolatis, pedunculis glomeratis subtrifloris axillaribus, 
floribus tetrapetalis roseis, petalis 2 minoribus, staminibus arete in conum 
imbricatis, ovariis capsulisque cylindraceis minute squamulosis, 4-locu- 
laribus, stigmatibus lineari-elavatis. 



We have above given only the old generic character of Begonia, 
as considered in its integrity. The late Dr. Klotzsch has, in his 
1 Essay on Begonia,' formed several new genera, chiefly of Ame- 
rican species, and M. De Candolle is far advanced with his ma- 
terials, from a complete study of most ample suites of species 
and specimens of the family for a forthcoming volume of the 
' Prodromus.' A new form among Begoniacea has lately been 
discovered by Mr. Mann, is tropical, viz. the B. prismatocarpa, 
figured at Tab. 5307 of this work (vol. 88, for 1862), possessing 
an elongated, pod-like 4-celled capsule, quite destitute of wing ! 
We are since in possession of two other West African species, 
with the same character, from the same indefatigable collector, of 
which one is here given. It was introduced living to Kew Gar- 
dens, in 1862, and was found on the Peak of Fernando Po, at an 
elevation of not more than 1300 feet above the level of the sea. 

Descr. Epiphytal. Stem succulent, one and a half to two 
feet high, unbranched in our specimens, and glabrous. Leaves 
four to five inches long, petiolate, ovate, acuminate, scarcely per- 
ceptibly unequal-sided, distantly and irregularly subdentate, pen- 

MARCH 1st, 1864. 



niveined, glabrous above, beneath minutely punctated with very 
minute scale-like dots. Petiole one to two inches long, and the 
costa beneath, rufo-pubescent. Stipules large, membranaceous, 
subulato-lanceolate, deciduous. Peduncles axillary, short, fasci- 
cled, bearing from two to three flowers and a bract beneath them. 
Petals four, rose-colour, two larger subovate, two smaller ob- 
long-linear. Male fl. Stamens sessile, arranged in a closely 
imbricated cone-shaped mass. Fem. fl. with a nearly cylin- 
drical tomentose ovary : tomentum mixed with laciniated scales. 
Capsule more than an inch long, siliquiform. Styles four, linear- 
clavate (not capitate). — The elongated inferior ovary, crowned 
with four spreading rose-coloured petals, very much resemble 
the flower of an Epilobium with irregular petals. 



Pig. 1. Male flower. 2. Cluster of stamens. 3. Portion of a stem with 
bracts and flowers. 4. Styles. 5. Seed-vessel. 6. Transverse section of the 
same. 7. Scale from the surface of the capsule -. — magnified. 



S43J. 




"WFitdi ; ad.etiith 



Vincetvt Brooks, I^P 



Tab. 5435. 
ada aurantiaca. 

Beep Orange-flowered Ada. 



Nat. Ord. Orchide,e. — Gynandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Perianthinm elausuni, apice patulum. Sepula subaequalia, acumi- 
nata; lateralibus basi paulo obliquis. Petala confovinia, breviora. Labellum 
elongatum, indivisum, columna paralleling, eique basi adnatum ; lamellis duobua 
membranaccis in appendicera linearem truncatum connatis. Pollinia 2, cereacea, 
postice sulcata ; caudicula brevi, obovata ; glandula circulari. Anthera Oncidii, 
ecristata. — Herba epiphjta, America; tropica, habitu omnino Brassiae cujusdam 
glumacea;. Scapus buquamatut. Spica cylindracea, simplex, bracteis membra- 
naceis. Flores xanthini. Lindl. 



Ada aurantiaca; foliis canaliculars, scapo longiore bisquamato, bracteis cucul- 
latis membranaceis ovariis sessilibus multo longioribus, floribus apice tantura 
patulis, sepalis petalisque lineari-lanceolatis acuminatis, labello lineari-lan- 
ceolato acutissimo couvexo columnas elongatte basi adnato, lamellis mem- 
branaceis connatis apice truncatis acutis basi intus pubesceutibus. Lindl. 

Aba aurantiaca. Lindl. Fol. Orchid. 



The flowering specimen of this rare Orchidaceous plant was 
sent to us in January of the present year by our excellent friend 
Mr. Bateman, from his collection at Biddulph Grange, Congle- 
ton. It is a native of New Granada, and was discovered m 
the Pamplona, at the height of 8500 feet above the level of 
the sea, by Mr. Schlim, and has been hitherto only known 
by the description given by Dr. Lindley in his valuable ' Folia 
Orchidacea.' It is there recognized as a new genus, " differing 
from Brassia in some important particulars : — 1, the lamellae of 
the lip are confluent and membranaceous ; 2, the lip is parallel 
with the column, and solidly united to the base of it ; 3, the 
column is twice as long as in other Brassias, and thin-edged at 
the base ; 4, the caudicle is short and obovate while the gland 
is circular." It flowered with Mr. Bateman in January, 1864. 

Descr. Epiphytal. Pseudobulbs about four inches long, sub- 
cylindrical, tapering upwards, bearing one to three broad linear 

MARCH 1ST, 186-t. 



leaves at the extremity, four to six inches long, and, at their base, 
partially sheathed with reddish-brown mottled scales. Scape 
terminal, drooping, eight to ten inches long, bracteatcd. Spike 
oblong, pendent, in our specimen bearing about ten subdis- 
tichous rather distantly placed foicers of a golden orange co- 
lour. Ovaries elongated, clavate, with a scariose lanceolato- 
subulate bract at the base. Perianth spreading only from above 
the middle ; the sepals lanceolate, much acuminate ; petals re- 
sembling them, but smaller. Lip scarcely half the length of the 
perianth, broadly lanceolate, shortly acuminate, crested with a 
grooved membrane of the same shape, nearly the length of the 
lip, its margins irregularly toothed near the middle. Column 
short, thick, concave near the base in front. Anther-case small, 
hemispherical. Pollen-masses two, obovate, seated on a cuneate 
caudicle which arises from a gland. (Some slight differences 
will appear in our description from the characters of Dr. Lindley, 
arising probably from the fact of Dr. Lindley having only a dried 
specimen to consult.) 



Pig. 1. Flower slightly magnified. 2. Side view of column and lip. 3. The 
same, the lip seen from above. 4. Front view of the column. 5. Pollen- 
masses : — magnified. 



SU36. 




^WFttA^Aetlith. 



Vincent BrooTtftfoP 



Tab. 5436. 
MILTONIA Regnelli. 

Regnell's Miltonia. 



Nat. Ord. Orchide^. — Gynandria Monandria. 

Gen. Char. Sepala explanata, aequalia; lateralibus basi paulo connatis. Petala 
conformia, sequilonga. Labellum indivisum, sessile, cum eolumna continuum, 
lineis quibusdam elevatis, interrupts juxta basin. Columna nana, auriculis 2, 
nunc cum clinandrio cucullato confluentibus. Stir/ma excavatum. Pollinia 2, 
cereacea, postice sulcata ; caudicula obovata; glandula oblonga. Jnlhera oper- 
culata, membranacea, nudn. — Herbae epiphytes, America tropica?, psendohdbo&a, 
colore scepius lutescente. Folia angusta, plana. Eacemi simplices, radicates, pe- 
dunculo sapius squamis arete imbricato. Flores speciosi, lutei vel purpurei. 



Miltonia Regnelli; pedunculo paucifloro, bracteis lanceolatia nervosis pedicellis 
longioribus, sepalis lanceolatis, petalis oblongis, nunc obovatis acutis, la- 
bello subpandurato apice quadrato emarginato basi cuneato, callis tribus 
elevatis parvis intermedio minore, alis columnar integris falcatis. Lindl. 

Miltonia Eegnelli. Reichenb. fil. in Linnaea, v. 22. p. 851. Ejusd. Xenia 
Orchid, v. 1. p. 133. t. 42. Lindl. Fol. Orchid. Miltonia, p. 2. 



We owe the possession of this plant to the Botanic Garden of 
Berlin. It was first described and figured by Dr. Reichenbach 
fil, from plants introduced into Europe from Minas Geraes, 
Brazil, by Mr. Regnell. It flowered with us in August, 1863. 
Dr. Lindley had only seen a single dried flower of it, and he 
considers it to be nearer M. Busselliana, Lindl. Bot. Reg. 
t. 1830 (under the generic name Oncidium), than to any other 
species of the genus ; but from that it is totally distinct, and, 
but for the scape being more than one-flowered, it might almost 
pass for a form of M. spectabilis. Reichenbach gives, as the 
essential character of M. spectabilis, " pedunculo ancipiti inter- 
rupte vaginato, labello gequaliter pandurato obovato-rotundato 
retuso, lamellis ternis in basi ;" and of M. Begnelli, " labello 
sessili obpandurato, antice obtuso emarginatove piano, carinulis 

APRIL 1st, 1864. 



ternis in basi, gynosteraii alis apicc acutis." The foliage and 
pseudobulbs are very similar in both ; but the flowers are very 
inferior in size and colour of our present species. 



Fig. 1. Column :— magnified. 



' 






3/t37. 




WFiu3i, delete 



"Vincent Brooksjmp . 



Tab. 5437. 
reidia glaucescens. 

Glaucescent Reidia. 



Nat. Ord. Euphorbiace v..— Moncecia Piandria. 

Gen. Char. Reidia, Wight. — Elores monoici v. dioici. Masc. : Sepala Me- 

pissime 4; glanduU 4. Stamina 2, sessilia v. siupissimo eoliimna ccntrali ter- 
uiinalia, loculis divaricatis transverse dehiscentibus. Fcem. : Sepala Mepissime 
5-6; glandular 5-6. Ovarium 3-loculare, stylo brevi trifido, ramis bifido ; 
ovulis loculis 2 collateralibus. Capsula 3-cocca, coccis 1-2-spermis. — Arbores 
v. frutices, folds alternis sessilibiis v. brevipetiolatis ; stipulis 2, laiera/ibiis ca- 
ducts; pedunculis axillaribm, unijloris, masculis in/erioribus, fccraiidbus tenm- 
Halibus ; floribus parvis. 



Epistylium glaucescens ; ramulis puberulis, folds brevissime petiolatis oblique 
oblongis apiculatis subtus glaucis, pedunculis masculis solitariis v. paucis, 
foemineis solitarns longioribus, sepalis basi rubris fimbriato-laceris, autheris 
sessilibiis, ovario glaberrimo. 

Reidia glaucescens. Miami, Flor. Ned. Ind. v. l.p. 374. 

Eriococcus glaucescens. Zoll. Herb. 2701. 



This very pretty stove-plant was brought to the Royal Gar- 
dens from Siam, by Thomas Christy, jun., Esq., and owing to 
its graceful habit, regular distichous foliage, glaucous beneath, 
numerous pendulous flowers, and red peduncles and branches, 
it is very attractive. The flowers remain in perfection, too, for 
a very long time. It belongs to a genus of which there are se- 
veral species in India, a good deal resembling the present, which 
however differs from all in the fimbriate sepals, glabrousness, 
and other points. Miquel's specimens are from Java, and they 
seem to differ from ours in the less fimbriated sepals. 

Descr. A small, graceful, glabrous shrub. Leaves broadly 
oblong, blunt at both ends, apiculate, quite glabrous, glaucous 
beneath. Peduncles bright red, of the male flowers, on the 
lower axils, solitary or few together, capillary, shorter than the 
leaves ; of the female, towards the end of the branches, longer, 
stouter, solitary. Flowers yellow-red at the base. Sepals all 

APRIL 1st, 1S64. 



deeply fimbriate, of males four, of females six ; but of both rather 
variable in number. Glands of male flower four, connate into a 
four-lobed disk; of female, forming a cup shaped disk. Anthers 
sessile. Ovary smooth ; style 0. 



Fig. 1. Male flower. 2. Glands and anthers of ditto. 3. Female flower. 
4. Ovary : — magnified. 



MSS. 




WFitdyieLetliLh 



Vl ncetiL .Brooks, Imp ■ 



Tab. 5438. 
VIEUSSIEUXIA fugax. 

Fugacious Vieussieuxia. 



Nat. Ord. Iridace^e. — Triandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Perigonium corollinum superura, hexapliyllo-rotatum ; laciniis 
exterioribus basi unguiculato-angustatis, seepe barbatis, interioribus subulatis v. 
tricuspidatis. Stamina 3, disco epigyno imposita ; Jilamenta in tubum connata ; 
antherce oblongse, basifixas. Ovarium inferum, oblongo-prismaticum, triloculare. 
Ovula plurima, in loculorum angulo central! biseriata, horizontalia, anatropa. 
Stylus brevis, filiformis ; stigmata 3, petaloideo-dilatata, biloba, staminibus oppo- 
sita. Capsida coriacea, obtuse trigona, trilocularis, loculicklo-trivalvis. Semina 
plurima. — Herbse Capenses ; rhizomate taberoso ; fo\\is paucis ensatis, caule tereti 
paniculatim ramoso, floribus intra spathas diphyllas herbaceas solitariis, pedicel- 
latis. Endl. 



Vieussieuxia fugax; (imberbis) involucris herbaceis, folio longissimo, corolla? 

laminis subconformibus, extimis duplo majoribus obovato-oblongis, stigma- 

tibus assurgentibus incurvo-convergentibus, filamentis deorsum connatis. 

Gaicl. 
Vieussieuxia fugax. De la Roche. Be Cand. Ann. du Mus. v. 2. p. 139. 

licem. et Schult. Syst. Veget. v. 1. p. 489. 
Mor.ea fugax. Jaca. Bort. Vind. v. 3. t. 20. p. 14. 
Mor.«a vegeta. Jaca. Ic. Ear. v. 2. p. 20. 

Mor.*:a edulis. Gaicl. Bot. Mag. t. 613 and t. 1238 (Jore flavo) . 
Iris longifolia. Vahl, Enum. v. 2. p. 149. Andr. Bot. Repos. t. 45. 



This very pretty Iris-like plant was first imported from the 
Cape by Messrs. Loddiges, of Hackney, at the very beginning 
of the present century ; but we believe it had been long lost to 
our garden till the past year, 1863, when Mr. Cooper, in his 
botanical travels, sent the bulbs to his employer, William Wil- 
son Saunders, Esq. To the latter gentleman we are indebted for 
the possession of the plant, which flowered with us in August. 

It exhibits broader leaves than those of the many varieties 
that are figured, and the flowers are extremely elegant in the 
colours and markings. The ground-colour of the perianth is a 
pale lilac, and the three petals (which are generally broader than 
the sepals) have a very bright orange spot near the base of the 

APRIL 1st, 1864. 



limb, from which some dark-purple lines diverge, rendering the 
spots thereby the more conspicuous. 

The plant succeeds well in a cool greenhouse, or in a frame 
quite exposed to the air in the summer. 



Fig. 1. Flower, deprived of its perianth. 2. Transverse section of the 
ovary : — magnified. 



6939. 




ITKUl.ael.fftl-Hh. 



Uinceirt Brooke Larp- 



Tab. 5439. 
SCUTELLARIA Costaricana. 

Costa Rica Scutellaria. 



Nat. Ord. Labiate. — Didynamia Gymnospeiimia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx campanulatu?, bilabiatus; labia Integra (/'. e. >opalo summo 
excluso squanucformi, latcralibus in labium supcrius, inferioribot to inferins 
coalitis), post anthesin clausa, demon) usque ad bono fiatt, supcrius superne 
squama dilatata supra concavu atictnm. ad maturationcm dceiduuni, inferins per- 
sistens. Corolla tubo longc exwrto, iotoa undo recto vel uepioa extra oalyoem 
recurvo-adscendente, supenic in i'auct in dilatato: Umbo bilabiate, labio mperion 
apice integro vcl emarginato, inferiorc patenti-dilatato OODVCXO, apice emargi- 
nato, lobis lateralibus nunc liberia patentibus, saepius cum labio superiore co- 
alitis, rarissime cum inferiore. Stamina e tubo exscrta. Jnlherep per paria 
approximate, ciliata\ staminum inferiorum dimidiate, superiorum bilocidares 
eordatae ; loculis subdivaricatis, dorso oppositis. Sfyli lobus superior brevissi- 
miis. Ovarium gynophoro incurvo elevatum, obliquum. Nticul/r sicca?, nnda?, 
tuberculosse, glabrae vel tomento adpressa?, pubescentes. — Herbse atinntr mI 
perennes, vel rarius frutices, omnium fere regionum incoloe, excepta Africa trans- 
tropica. Benth. 



Scutellaria Costaricana ; berbacea, glabra, caule erecto atropurpureo, foliis 
ovatis acuminatis serrato-dentatis sublonge pctiolatis, floribus racemosis 
subsecundis, bracteis minutis linearibus, pedicellis calycibusque parvis atro- 
purpureis, corollis longissimis minute pubescentibus erectis tubuloso-infun- 
dibuliformibus sursum curvatis, fauce lutea. 

Scutellaria Costaricana. TFendl. 



We have lately figured several handsome scarlet-flowered tro- 
pical American Scutellaria, — for example, & cordifolia (Tab. 
4290), S. incarnate. (Tab. 4268, and var., Tab. 5185), S. Ven~ 
tenatii (Tab. 4271), and 8. villosa (Tab. 4789); but the pre- 
sent one is quite distinct from any of them, and certainly much 
more beautiful, perhaps the most beautiful, of any of this now 
extensive genus, numbering as it does, according to Mr. Bentham, 
eighty-six species. Its beauty consists In the great size and the 
colouring of the numerous flowers : these measure two inches 
and a half in length, of a rich golden -scarlet colour, with the 
faux, or inside of the lips, a deep yellow. It is a native of 

APRIL 1st, 1864. 



Costa Rica, and was introduced into Europe, we believe, by 
Mr. Wendland, to whom we are indebted for our living plants, 
which flowered in a warm stove in June, 1863. 



Pig. 1. Flower very slightly magnified, 2. Summit of the corolla laid open, 
showing the stamens. 3. One of the stamens. 4. Pistil and gynophore: — 
magnified. 



6440. 




"Vincent Brooks Imp 



Tab. 5440. 

ERANTHEMUM crenulatum ; var. grandijlorum. 

Crenulate-leaved Eranthemutn ; large-flowered var. 

Nat. Ord. ACANTIIACE.E. — DlANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Gen. Char. Calyx quinqucfidus, eequalis. Corolla hypocratcritliorpha vol 

elongato-infundibuliformis ; tiibo longo graeili, Umbo subrcquali. Stamina duo 
fertilia circa os tubi adnata, longe decurrentia, duo sterilia brevissiraa, filamentis 
longiorum basi comiexa, in specicbus nonnullis anomalis nullis observatis. An- 
thera exsertse, biloculares, muticae ; loculis parallelis contiguis, texture densioris. 
Capsnla inferne depressa ; valvulis contiguis, aspcrma ; superius bilocularis, te- 
trasperraa. Bissepimentum adnatum. Semina discoidea, retinaculis sufFidta.— 
Prut ices vel suffruticcs, Asia, America, Africa, et Nova Hollartdia calidions 
et tropica, plemmqne monticola, speciosis floribus insignes Phlogi sim 'dibits, ca- 
ruleis, roseis, albis varie pictis ; foliis vel integerrimis vel serratis. Flore? tpt- 
cati; bracteis communibus majoribus vel minoribus ; bracteolis omnium partis op- 
positis. Nees. 



Eranthemum crenulatum; fruticosmn, erectum, caule inferne foliisque oblongis 
utrinque acuminatis repando-crenatis glaberrimis, racemo terminali simplici 
compositove pluribusve axillari-aggregatis simplicibus, floribus fasciculato- 
congestis subverticillatis secundisve, bracteis bracteolisque subulatis bre- 
vibns calycibusque glanduloso-scabris, corollae laciniis ovatis obtusis sequa- 
libus. Nees. 

Eranthemum crenulatum. Wall, in Bot. Reg. t. 879. Nees in Wall. Plant. 
Asiat. liar. v. 3. p. 107. Spreng. in Syst. Veget. Cur. post p. 19. Wall. 
Cat. n. 2491. Nees in Be Cand. Prodr. v. ll.jp..453. 

Justicia latifolia. Fold, Symbol, v. %.p. I. p. 370. Willi. Sp. PL v.l.p. 88. 

Eranthemum diantherum. Bl. Bijd. p. 792 (nee Roxb). 

Justicia Honamoorensis. Hort. Madrid. Wall. Cat. n. 2491 a. 

Yar. ongustifolia ; foliis angustioribus fereque lanceolatis. 

Justicia oi'biculata. Wight in Wall. Cat. n. 24S9. 

Var. grandiflora; foliis latioribus ; floribus majoribus. (Tab. Nostr. 5440.) 



Seeds of this plant were sent to us from Monlmeine by the 
Rev. C. S. Parish, and it is, we think, a large and handsome va- 
riety of the Eranthemum crenulatum, a species very common in 
Ceylon and India ; as the Madras Peninsula, but most abundant 
perhaps in the Malay Peninsula and Islands, varying, however, 

APRIL 1st, 1864. 



considerably in the breadth of the foliage, and in the size cf the 
flowers (which with us are in perfection in the winter months), 
and in the colour of the latter; for, whereas the limb of the 
corolla is dull lilac in the specimen figured in the ' Botanical 
Register/ here it is rather a bright pink. The specific name 
crenulatum is hardly characteristic of the leaves. 

Descr. A moderately-sized glabrous shrub, slightly branched 
and herbaceous upwards. Leaves rather long-petioled or ovate, 
sometimes cordate at the base, or lanceolate, acuminate, penni- 
veined, generally quite entire at the margin. Bacemes terminal, 
aggregated, three to four inches to a span long, with or without a 
pair of floral leaves near the base. Pedicels very short, small, 
approximate or remote, subtended by one or two small bracts. 
Calyx small, erect, quinquefid, with broad subulate segments. 
Corollas in our plant an inch and a half to an inch and three- 
quarters long, infundibuliform, with a very slender, almost fili- 
form, white tube, dilated at t\\Qfauz, and there curved, so that the 
limb is oblique, five-cleft, rose-colour, white in the mouth; stamens 
two, or four and didynanious, exserted ; anthers apparently all 
perfect. Ovary oval. Style very slender, filiform, as long as 
the tube. 



Fig. 1. Tube of the corolla laid open. 2. Anther. 3. Pistil: — magnified. 



5441. 




TT.F:ttck.aal e tlrth 



Tfinoanl BtooIte Imp- 



Tab. 5441. 
DENDROBIUM luteolum. 

Pale yellowislt-jloicered Dendrobium. 



Nat. Ord. Orciiideje. — Gynandria Monandria. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 5303.) 



Dendrobium luteolum ; caulibus erectis Miosis ramosis, foliis lanceolatis apice 
obliquis acutis, racemis lateralibus 2-4-floris subsequalibus, sepalis ovato- 
lanceolatis obtusis, lateralibus in raento longe producto incurvo comiatis, 
petalis conforrnibus, labelli trilobi lobis lateralibus erectis rotundatis inter- 
medio majore oblongo convexo emarginato, disco tomentoso. Batem. 

Dendrobium luteolum. Bateman in Gard. Citron, for 1864, ^.269 a. 



The beauty of this Dendrobium has attracted much attention 
at the Nursery of Messrs. Hugh Low and Co., at Clapton ; and 
happily our valued friend Mr. Bateman has undertaken to de- 
scribe it for the ' Gardeners' Chronicle,' and has obligingly sent a 
proof slip to us to accompany Mr. Fitch's figure. Native of Moul- 
meine, and sent with many other fine things to Messrs. Low, of 
Clapton, by the Rev. C. S. Parish. " With the exception of a few 
reddish streaks on the lip, the flowers of this new Dendrobium 
are of a uniform pale primrose tint; indeed, I should have 
called it D. primulinum, if that name had not been already ap- 
propriated to another and totally different species. The mentum 
(or spur) is about the length of the ovary, and is curved inwards. ' 
The flowers are about two inches across, and are remarkable for 
their straight margins or edges, which are not waved or curled, 
as in most Dendrobia ; they are borne in short lateral racemes 
that come forth towards the upper (not the end) portion of the 
stems. With me these racemes are two-flowered ; but in a 
much finer specimen from Clapton, of which a drawing has been 
prepared for the ' Botanical Magazine,' as many as four flowers 
appeared together, and possibly this number may be exceeded 
when the plant, which is of the easiest culture, has been longer 

APRIL 1st, 1864. 



established. Even now it is very ornamental. Its nearest affi- 
nity is with D. rJiombeum. 

" Moulmeine seems to be inexhaustible in new Dendrobia >,; 
Messrs. Hugh Low and Co. can already boast of having intro- 
duced from the same source nearly a dozen species that were 
previously unknown, among which the present is one of the 
most distinct." /. Bateman. 



Fig. 1. Column and spur. 2. Front view of the labellum. 3. Pollen- 
masses : — magnified. 



511? 




WKtavdi 






Tab. 5442. 
ALSTRCEMERIA Caldasii. 

Caldass Alstrcemeria. 



Nat. Ord. Amaryllidace^e. — Hexandria Moxogynia. 

Gen. Char. Perigonitjm corollinum, superum, sexpartitum, subcampanulatum, 
regulare, v. subbilabiatum ; foliola, lateralis angustiora, duo basi subtubulosa. 
Stamina 6, imo perigonio inserta; filamenta erecta v. declinata ; antherce oyales, 
erectse. Ovarium inferum, triloculare. Ovula in loculis pliuimis, horizontalia, 
anatropa. Stylus nlifonnis, directione staminum ; stigma trifidum, lobis repli- 
catis. Capsula oblonga v. globosa v. rarius baccata, indehiscens. Semina in 
loculis plura, subglobosa, horizontalia; testa membranacea, rugosa ; rhaphe im- 
raersa, umbilicum basilarem chalazee apicali tuberculiformi jungente. Embryo 
axilis, albumine cartioso dimidio brevior, extremitate radiculari umbilicum attin- 
gente.- — Herbs* in America tropica et australi extratropica indigent; radicibus 
tubuloso-fascicnlatis ; caule folioso, erecto, scandente v. volubili ; rloribus lermi- 
nalibus umbellatis. Endl. 

§ Bomarea, caule scandente v.' volubili ; capsula depresso-globosa. Endl. — Bomarea, 
Mirb. Herbert. 



Alsteogmeria (Bomarea) Caldasii; caule flexuoso glabro, foliis ovato-lanceo- 
latis tenui-acumiuatis obscure striatis subcarnosis, petiolis rubris, umbella 
multiflora, floribus sesquiuncialibus aurantiacis, petalis lato-spathulatis ca- 
lyce multo longioribus rubro-punctatis, ovario styloque pubescentibus. 

Alstrcemeria Caldasii. Humb. et Kth. Nov. Gen. Am. v. I. p. 283. Schult. 
Syst. Veget. v. 7. p. 750. 

Bomarea Caldasiana. Herb. Amaryl. p. 118. Kth. Enum. Plant, v. 5. p. 813. 



A mostly lovely Alstrcemeria (of the Bomarea group), lately 
imported from the Quitinian Andes, where it was first discovered 
by Humboldt and Bonpland. It will prove, I dare say, like 
many other Alstrcemerias, sufficiently hardy to bear our winters, 
that is, if the roots are planted deep in the ground to protect 
them from the frost. Our specimens were received from Messrs. 
Veitch, of the Chelsea Nursery, and the roots were procured by 
their collector, Mr. Pearce. 

Mirbel first distinguished the genus Bomarea from Alstrce- 
meria, and was followed by Herbert and Kunth, but on such 

may 1st, 1864. 



slight grounds that, as it appears to me, Endlicher lias done 
wisely in making it only a section of that genus. 



Eig. 1. Petal. 2. Stamen. 3. Pistil. 4. Section of the dvaiy :— slightly 
magnified. 



6ns. 




"WBtekaalotTith. 



Tiaoant Brooke Iorp' 



Tar. 5443. 

WAITZIA CORYMBOSA. 
Corymbose Waitzia. 

Nat. Ord. Composite. — Svngenesia Super ii.la. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 5342.) 



WAITZIA corymbosa; caule erecto simplici basi pauce raraoso apice corvmboso 
laxe lanato, foliis lineari-lanceolatis scabriusculis, capitulis campanulato-tur- 
binatis, involucri squamis ovatis acutis, exterioribus bvalinis vel roseis, inte- 
rioribus niveis, stipitibus omnium dorso fjlanduliferis, intermediarum tere- 
tibus apice lanatis, intimarum planis, acbaeniis glabris, summo apice sub- 
papillosis in rostrum ipsia sesqui- vel duplo longius attenuatis, pappo 
niveo. 

Waitzia corymbosa. JFendl. in Plant. Preissiana, v. I. p. 450. 

Leptorhynchtts suaveolens. Benth. in Endl. Emm. PI. Ilugel. p. 64. n. 208. 
Be Cand. Prodr. v. 6. p. 160. 

Morna nivea. Lindl. Bot. Reg. v. 24. t. 9. 



A lovely herbaceous and probably annual plant, presenting 
a great variety of colouring of flowers in the same species. Preisa 
enumerates two varieties, chiefly depending on colour. Our spe- 
cimens here figured were raised by Mr. Thomson, of Ipswich, 
in 1863, from seeds received from the Swan River settlement, 
West Australia, and produced in the open ground plants of three 
different colours: 1. White, as represented by Dr. Lindley, 
under the name of Morna nivea (in our specimens, slightly 
tinged with pink) ; 2. Deep rose-colour (the scales of the invo- 
lucre indeed white and satiny within) ; 3. Entirely yellow :— in 
all cases the disk is deep-yellow. We think that the species 
may prove a valuable bedding-out plant. 

We have already figured Waitzia Steetziana, at Tab. 5342 of 
this work, — a species well distinguished, besides the characters 
above given, by its globose heads of flowers, of which the scales 

MAY 1st, 1864. 



of the involucre are never reflexed in the remarkable manner 
we find to be in our present plant. 



Fig. 1. Leaf. 2. Scale of the involucre. 3. Floret. 4. Hair of the pap- 
pus : — magnified. 



5m. 







\5ncentBroc 



Tab. 5444. 
DENDROBIUM barbatulum. 

Bearded-lipped Dendrobimn. 

Nat. Orel. Orchipea:. — Gynandria Monandria. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tar. 5003.) 



Df.ndrobidm barbatulum; caulibus erectis cylindricis vaginalis, foliis remote 
oblongo-lanceolatis, racemis terminalibus (lateraHbusque.Zi/Mft.) strictis inul- 
tifloris, periauthium explanatutn album, sepalis lanceolatis, petalis latissime 
obovatis, labello trilobo, basi bavbatulo, lobis lateralibus parvis oblongis in- 
curvis purpureo-roseis, intermedio latissime obcordato apiculato integerrimo 
petalorum magnitudine, calcare obtuso breviusculo. 

Dendrobium barbatulum. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. n. 2013. Gen. et Sp. Orchid 
p. 84. Paxton, Fl. Gard. v. 3. p. 113. (woodcut). Batem. in Gard. 
Chron. 1864, p. 269. 

Dendrobium Fytchianum. Batem. in Gard. Chron. 1864,;?. 100. 



This very lovely plant has recently been introduced to this 
country by Mr. Parish, from Moulmein, through Messrs. Low, 
of the Clapton Nursery, from whom the specimen here figured 
has been received in January of the present year (1864). It 
appears to have flowered previously in the collection of Aspinal 
Turner, Esq., at Pendlebury House ; and believing it to be new, 
Mr. Bateman named and described it as D. Fytchianum, m com- 
pliment to Colonel Fytch, the companion of Mr. Parish at the 
time it was found. But afterwards, notwithstanding some dis- 
crepancies, he satisfied himself of its being specifically the same, 
and corrected the error in a succeeding number of the same work. 
Mr. Bateman remarks, "The flowers are throughout of the most 
dazzling whiteness, except that the small lateral lobes are tinged 
with crimson. They are scentless, and borne in graceful ra- 
cemes a span long, proceeding from the extremity of the upright 
stems, the latter being about a foot long, and of the thickness ot 

MAY 1st, 1864. 



a goosequill. The slender linear leaves unfortunately fall off be- 
fore the flowers, which are about an inch across, have had time 
to expand. My description is taken from a most beauteous 
specimen, bearing upwards of twenty flowers." 

This plant, Mr. Bateman remarks to us, should always be 
grown on a block of wood, and requires a decided season of 
rest.—/. B. 



Fig. 1. Column and spur. 2. Pollen-masses. 3. Lip -.—minified. 



5MS 




WRtck del et IitL 



\ <H V> 



TSnc 



Tab. 5445. 

ECHINOCACTUS Scopa. 

Broom Kch inocactus. 

Nat. Ofd. C.U'Tack.i-:. — ICQSANDRIA POLYCYNIA. 

Gen. Char. Perigonii tubus ultra germeu productus, brcvis, vel subelongatus, 
squamOBas; pkylla aepaloidea, infima squamifornua ; superiora acuta vel obtuaa, 
axillis setigeria vel nudis ; pttaloidea varie expansa, coroUam campanalatam vel 
infundibulifonnem aemnlantia. Stamina Dumerosa, tabo adnata, limbo brenora. 
Stylus stamina vix superans, columnaris, saepe aulcatua ao fiatuloaus. Stigma 
5-10-iadiatum, radiia abbreviates aut lineari-exteoais. Bacca perigoDinn mar- 
cescens dejiciens, sepalis adnatis plus minusve squamata, pulvillis lani-setigeris- 
que instructa, vel interdum glabra. Cotyledones minute, conuata?, acuta; vel 
globosse. — Caulis carnosus, depressus, globosus, oblongns aut ci/lindraceiis, costis 
pills' minusve numerosis, aid tuberculis pidvilligeris distinctis verliraliter aut spi- 
ral iter dispositis instructits. Flores ex axillis puhillorum juniorum, interdum 
tana densa instmctis, per aliquot dies mane aperti noctuque clansi. Bacca sepalis 
adnatis plus minusve squamata. Salm-Dr/ck. 



Echinocactus (§ Microgoni) Scopa ; erectus, cvlindraceo-clavatus, subsesqui- 
pedalis, costis 30-36 verticalibus tuberculatis, areolis albo-tomentosis con- 
fertissimis, aculeis centralibus 3-4 purpuras subvalidis, radiantibus 30-40 
setaceis albis, iloribus subcopiosis circa verticem locatis luteis diametio 
biuucialibus, tubo brevissimo basi aculeis intense purpuras obtecto, petalis 
biserialibus spathulatis apice subserratis. 

ECHINOCACTUS. Link, llort. Berol. v. 2. p. 21. " link tl Otto, Icon. t. 41." 
Lindl. But. Reg. v. 24. 1. 24. Salm-JJyck, Cact. llort. Dyci.p. 32. Pfeiff. 
En. Diagn. Cact. p. 64. 

Cereus Scopa. Be Cand. Prodr. v. 'S.j>. 464. 

CACTUS Scopa. Link, /:',/. r. 2. p. 21. 



A curious cactoid plant, and really handsome of its kind, na- 
tive of Brazil. Young individuals are of an oval form, but when 
more fully grown attaining a height of a foot or a foot and a 
half, quite clavate, furrowed for its whole length, the ridges 
studded with white cottony pulvilli, from which radiate tufts of 
long, white, setaceous bristles, mixed with about four, brown or 
purple, moderately strong aculei. The flowers are very pretty. 

MAY 1st, 1864. 



and form a circle around the apex of lemon-yellow colour, with 
a purple radiating centre, formed by the rays of the stigma. It 
flowers in June. 



Fig. 1. A much reduced figure of the entire flowering plant. 2. Summit of 
the same, — natural size. 3. Pulvinulus from a costa, with its se{x,—maffuifitd, 



5446. 




"WTitch.del etJith 



Tab. 5446. 
DENDROBIUM infundibulum. 

F"ii n rl-li /,])<■( I /), >,t (h ■(, fj in ,D . 



>>dt. Ord. Orchidace.k. — Gynandkia Monandkia. 
Gen. Char. (Vute supra. Tab. 5303.) 



DufOlOBIVll iiifuwWmhtm ; foliis lanceolatis nngnstis acutis, sepalis linrnri- 
oblon«is, petalis oblon^i* obtasifl triplo latinribus, mento infundibulari 
pedicello sequali. labello lobis lateralibus rotundatis integris, intern 
KrralatO emargiuato. Lindl. 

DntDKOBItm infundibulum. Lindl. in Lhm. Soc. Trans. Batem.in Gard. { 
L86S, //. L194. 



Not having seen this noble plant in a recent state, I rely 
wholly on Mr. Bateinan's determination of the species, and on 
his remarks, as follows : — " The other day, while looking through 
the Nursery of Messrs. Low and Son, at Clapton, I was shown 
living plants and dried specimens of a Dendrobimm, which had 
been recently imported by the firm from Moulmein, and to which 
they had given provisionally the name of D. Monlmeinense, 
under which designation it is already to be found in several col- 
lections. I thought the plant was undescribed, but on looking 
over Professor Lindley's ' Contributions to the Orchidology of 
India,' I at once recognized in that able botanist's description of 
D. infundibulum (transcribed above) the very plant that Messrs. 
Low had distributed under the name of J). MotUmeinense, and 
which they have the honour of being the first to import alive. 
It is a species of surpassing beauty, and promises to more than 
rival its nearest relative, D.formosum. A dried flower that is 
now before me measures, when laid flat, four inches across ; 
and that such glorious blossoms are produced in the greatest 
profusion is evidenced by the withered flower-stalks that crowd 
the tops of the imported stems." 

"The Rev. Mr. Parish, from whom Messrs. Low received 
the plant, found it flowering in February, upon the mountains 
of Moulmein, where it seems also to have been discovered in a 

may 1st, 1864. 



former year, at the height of five thousand feet, by Mr. Lobb. 
Mr. Parish mentions that he had forty-four blossoms open at 
one time upon some plants that he kept in a small basket, and 
adds that they continued a very long time in perfection." /. 
Bateman. — I fear that here, as in the case of D. barbatulum, the 
form and size of the sepals are liable to considerable variation. 

" This plant, like all the other Bendrobia belonging to Dr. 
Lindley's nigro-hirsute section of the genus, is very impatient of 
stagnant moisture, although it can hardly have too much water, 
provided the same passes freely away. To effect this, it should 
be placed in a pot filled with little else than broken potsherds 
mixed with some chopped sphagnum and a morsel of fibrous 
peat. It likes a good heat." — /. B. 



Fig. 1. Column, spur, and ovary. 2. Pollen-masses. 3. Front view of the 
lip : — magnified. 



5447. 




WFitcMel at lith 



Vincent Brooks , Imp 



Tab.5447. 
iechmea distichantha. 

Distichous-flowered ASchmea. 

Nat. Ord. Bkomki.i u i 1 . IIk\am>uia Monogynia. 



Gen. Char. Bracteee sub singulo flow cyathiformes. PttifOmi nmri, -c\par- 
titi; Item* cxteriorcs calyculatrp, BBqaales, spiraliter convolute, iriatata v. 
motica, apice hinc oblique dilatatre ; mteriont prtaloideae, exterioribus multo 
longiores, inferne convoluta?, ban intus squamosa; v. rarius nudse. Stamina 6, 
imo perigomo mserta ; ftamcnta filiformia, tria ladnianun interiornm bad ad- 
nata; anthercE ovata?, dorso affixae, subincumbentes. Ocarium inferum. trilocu- 
lare. Omla plurima, e loculorura angulo centrali pendula, anatropa. Sfi/his fili- 
formis; stigmata 3, linearia v. petaloidea, spiraliter convoluta. Bacca ovato- 
subglobosa, triloculares. Semina plura, ex apice loculorum pendula ; testa cori- 
acea, fusca, umbilico filo brevi gracili appendicular. Embryo minimus, rectus, 
in basi albuminis dense farinacei, extreiuitate radiculari umbilicum attingente, 
supera.— Herbae Americana tropica, sape in arbor urn trmtci* pseudopara* 
foliis radicalibus ligidatis v. ensiformibns, crassis, coriaceis, integerrimis r. spinu- 
loso-serrulatis ; scapo ramoso, paniculato ; rachi fexuosa ; bracteis' sub singulo 
flore cyathiformibus, spinoso-aristatis, integerrinm v. tricrenatis ; floribus termi- 
nalibus abortivis. Endl. 



McBMiA distichantha ; foliis e basi dilatata amplexantibus bipedalibus lineari- 
oblongis elongatis glaucescentibus elongatis acuminatis canaliculars, aculeis 
uncinatis atria remotis spfnescentibus, scapo foliis breviore colorrtto folioso 
apice paniculato-spicato, ramis apicatia copiose braeteatis distichis. bracteis 
rubris copiosis, floribus etiam distichis, sepalis ereetis imbricatis roseis, 
petalis purpureis, singulo intus bisquamuloso, staminibus 6, filamcntis sur- 
suin clavatis. 

J&cmtSA distichantha. Lemaire, Jard. Fleuriste, v. 3. p. 269 cum icon. 

Bilbekgia ? polystaehya. Paxt. Fl. Gard. v. 3. t. 80. 

Hoplopiiytlm distichanthum. Beer, Bromel.p. 136. 



A South American Bromeliaceous plant, from the province 

of St. Paul (South Brazil, we presume) ; a family which stands 

in great need of scientific examination, instead of being left 

to the tender mercies of mere horticulturists, who contribute 

june 1m. 1864. 



little to the correct knowledge of either generic or specific dif- 
ferences, but who are, nevertheless, instrumental in importing 
plants which can hardly be described except from living culti- 
vated specimens. 



Rg. 1. Flower. 2. Petals and scales, with a stamen. 3. Stamen. 4. Pistil : — 
magnified. 



5448 




Vincent Brooks,!™?- 



Tab. 5448. 

TRICHINIUM Manglesii. 

Mr. Mangles s IHcMnium. 

Nat. Ord. Amaranthacea:. — Pentandria BfoKOOYNl*. 

Gen. Char. Mores hermaphroditi, tribracteati. Calyx 5-sepalus ; sepalis ;rqu;i- 
libus aut insequalibus (duobus exterioribus niajoribus), erectis, apice demum 
divaricatis, villoso-plumosis. Stamina 5, interne in cupularu vel rarissinic in 
tubum coalita. Filamenta filifonnia v. dilatato-subulata. Staminodia nulla. 
AnthercB biloculares, ellipticte v. subrotundae. Ovarium uniloculars, uuiovnla- 
tum. Stylus elongatus. Stigma simplex, capitatura. Fructus (utriculus) obo- 
vatus v. ovatus, evalvis, monospermus ; sepalis inferne conniventibus et apice 
plurnosus, inclusus. Albumen farinaceum, centrale. Embryo annularis, peri- 
phericus ; radicula ascendente. — Herbse perennes vel annu/r, raro suft'rutices, 
Australiacee, interdum Capenses, intra vel extra tropicos observatee. Folia alterna, 
rarissime opposita vel fasciculata. Flores terminates, in capitula v. in spicas con- 
(jesti, tandem avolanfes juvante calyce patuloso-plumoso. Bractesc carinata, sca- 
riosa, nitentes, coloratce, persistentes, lateralibus interdum cum fructu decidttis. 
Pili Jlorum articulati, oblique erecti. Stamina scepius inaqi'olia et ovarium ob- 
lique gibbosulum. Moq. in Be Cand. 



Trichinium Manglesii; caulibus herbaceis adscendentibus simplicibus sulcatis 
striatis glabriusculis virescentibus, foliis radicantibus longe petiolatis 
oblongo-spatbulatis mucronulatis margine sinuatis glabris viridibus, cau- 
linis lanceolato-linearibus aut linearibus roseis, calyce bracteis fere duplo 
longiore, sepalis uninerviis apicem versus nitidulis, pilis calyce brevioribus 
sat numerosis rigidis albis. 

Trichinium Manglesii. Lindl. Bot. Reg. 1839, n. 28, in not. Field. Sort, riant. 
t. 52. Moq. in Be Cand. Prodr. 13. part 2. p. 289. 

Trichinium macrocephalum. Nees, in Lehm. PI. Preiss. v. 1. p. fi^7 (not Br.). 



Few more lovely plants have been introduced to our gardens 
of late years than the one here represented, from our friend 
Mr. Thompson, of Ipswich. It is one of the many Swan River 
species which he has been instrumental in importing, and suc- 
cessful in its cultivation. At present it has been, I apprehend, 
only treated as a greenhouse plant ; but there is no reason why 
it should not be employed as a summer annual, as are many 
Australian plants, and others from South Africa, to the great 

junk 1st. 1SG4. 



advantage of our flower-borders. Forty-nine species of the genus 
Trichinium are known to science ; but none is more beautiful 
than the present, unless it be T. spectabile, Field. I.e. t. 289; 
and that is considered by Moquin as probably a short and broad 
spiked var. of the present, with narrow leaves. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Stamens and pistil. 3. Pistil: — magnified. 






5449. 




W.TitcKdeLethth. 



"Vincent Brooks. Imp- 



Tab. 5449. 

CATTLEYA Lindleyana. 

Dr. Lindleys Cattleya. 



Nat. Ord. Orchide.e. — Gyxandria Monandria. 

Gen. Char. Sepala membranacea vel carnosa, patentia, asqualia. Pefala saepius 
majora. Labellum cucullatum, columnam involvens, trilobuin vel mdmram. 
Columna clavata, elongata, semiteres, marginata, cum labello articulata. Anthem 
carnosa, 4-locularis, septorum marginibus membranaceis. Pollinia 4, caudiculis 
totidena replicatis. — Herbas epiphytts (Americana), pseudobulbosee. Folia soli- 
taria vel hina, coriacea. Flores terminates, speciosissimi, satpe e spat ha matjna 
erumpenles. Lindl. 



Cattleya Lindleyana; pseudobulbis cauliformibus elongatis aggregatis tere- 
tibus articulatis, articulis bracteato-spathaceis albidis mono-diphyllis, foliis 
lineari-lanceolatis, floribus solitariis terminalibus sublonge pedunculatis, 
sepalis lineari-lanceolatis, petalisque iis latioribus albis, labello araplo 
obscure trilobo albo pallide luteo purpureoque tincto, lobo intermcdio sub- 
rotundo concavo medio linea purpurea maculate 

Cattleya Lindleyana. Batem. in Herb. Hook. 



This, which we cannot find to be anywhere described, was 
lately sent to us from Bahia, by our valued correspondent 
C. H. Williams, Esq. In aspect it much resembes Lcelia ; but 
the pollen-masses are four and not eight. It flowered with us 
in September, 1863, not long after the plant was imported. 



JUNE 1ST, 1864. 



54-50. 




WFitxh,dd..etlith 



VfficeritBxcckUmP 



Tab. 5450. 

THIBAUDIA SARCANTHA, 

Meshy -flowered Thibaudia. 



Nat. Ord. Vaccinie^. — Decandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx semiadha?rens, tubuloso-urceolatus, brevis, subcoriaceus, 
limbo 5-partito, partitionibus dentiformibus erectis persistentibus. Corolla tubu- 
loso-urceolata, 5-dentata, carnosa. Stamina 10 ; filamenta brevia, compressa, li- 
nearia, glabra, nunc libera, nunc monadelpha. Anthera elongata?, biloculares, 
basi libera?, medio adnata?, superne libera? furcata?, id est loculi supenie segregati 
in tubulos vacuos elongati, rima longitudinal i dehiscentes. Discus epigynus, sub- 
integer, obsolete 5-dentatus, vel 5-gonus. Bacca subglobosa, subangulosa, trun- 
cata, calycis limbo carnoso-coriaceo 5-partito coronata, 5-locularis, loculis polv- 
spermis. — Frutices ; caules erecti diffusique, ramosissimi. Gemma; florifera axil- 
lares terminalesque, bracteis squamosis coriaceis subrolundis imbricatis teclce. Folia 
alterna, coriacea, sempervirentia, breviter petiolata, petiolis scepe contortis, ssepius 
integerrima, interdum denticulata vel serrata. Flores racemosi vel subumbellati, 
pedicellis unifloris bibracteatis, sape cernuis interdum secundis. Gemma?, squama?, 
bractea?, racemi, calyces, corolla? et bacca? sape rubicundi colom. Bacca? sapore 
grato acido donates. Be Cand. 



Thibaudia sarcantha; ramis teretibus pendulis, foliis carnoso-coriaceis oblongo- 
ovatis acuminato-acutis 3-5-venosis, corymbis lateralibus terminalibusque, 
floribus uncialibus, pedicellis clavatis calycibusque in pedicello articulatis 
campanulatis 5-dentatis viridibus, corolla insigniter carnosa urceolata, tubo 
subgloboso rubro, limbo contracto flavo-viridi 5-dentato, deutibus erectis bre- 
vibus. 

Psammisia sarcantha. Batem. in lilt. 

Psammtsia sclerophylla. Planch, et Linden, Fl. des Serres, v. 8. p. 205. t. 825 ? 



A most charming Vacciniaceous plant, we believe imported 
from New Granada, cultivated by Mr. Bateman, and exhibited 
at one of the late spring meetings of the Royal Horticultural 
Society at Kensington Gardens by that gentleman, whence the 
specimens were sent to be figured. The Psammisia sclerophylla, 
Kl. in Linnaja, v. 24. p. 42, Thibaudia, Kth. et auct., Planch, et 
jise 1st, 1864. 



Lind. Fl. des Serres, v. 8. p. 205. t. 825, very much resembles 
our plant, but the branches are there erect, and the corymbs 
only drooping. 



Fig. 1. Flower and pedicel. 2. Calyx aud pistil. 3. Stamen :— magnified. 



5451. 




"W.Iiteh,daletli!th 



Vincent Brooks ,lmp 



Tab. 5451. 

DENDROBIUM Farmeri, var. aureo-jlava. 
Mr. Farmer s Dendrobium ; golden-yellow var. 



Nat. Ord. Orchidej:. — Gynandria Monogyxia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 5303.) 



Dendrobium Farmeri; caulibus ekmgatis clavatis articulatis profunde quadri- 
sulcatis et obtuse 4-angulatis apice foliosis, foliis 2-4 ovatis coriaceis stria- 
tes, racemis Iateralibus multifloris pendulis, bracteis parvis ovatis concavis, 
sepalis (albis roseo tinctis) late ovatis obtusis, petalis conformibus (ejus- 
demque coloris) majoribus, labello (albo disco luteo) rhomboideo obtusis- 
simo unguiculato supra pubescente margine subintegerrimo. 

Dendrobium Farmeri. Paxt. Mag. of Bot. p. 15, cum Ic. Hook. Bot. Mag. t. 
4659. 

Var. /5. aureo-flava ; sepalisque intense flavis, labello aureo. (Tab. Nostr. 5451.) 



During the course of last year (1863), accompanied by speci- 
mens of the plant alluded to for the Royal Gardens, and for 
Mr. Lowe, of Clapton, the following note was received from the 
Rev. S. P. Parish, of Moulmeine : — " What if I were to say that 
Dendrobium Farmeri (see our Tab. 4659) and D. chrysotoxum 
(our Tab. 5053) were one and the same? I know both of them 
extremely well, having had them growing for three years. There 
is no mistaking the two without the flowers. Two days ago, 
on going down into my garden, I was astonished, and could 
hardly believe my eyes, at seeing a panicle of the golden flowers 
of D. chrysotoxum proceeding from the bulbs of D. Farmeri ! — 
the only difference being that the labellum is here rather pointed, 
and not so round as in D. chrysotoxum." Dr. Lindley, too, has 
a remark, or rather offers a conjecture, somewhat to the same 
effect, when he says, in his ' Contributions to the Orchidology 
of India,'* "D. Farmeri is scarcely distinct from D. chrysotoxum, 

* 'Journal of the Proceedings of the Linnean Society of London/ vol. 3. p. 7. 
JUNE 1st, 1864. 



although its flowers are tinged with pink, and its lip less abun- 
dantly fringed." I fear both one and the other of these botanists 
have placed too much confidence in colour in the present case ; 
for not only is the nature of the pseudobnlb quite different 
(multangular in D. chrysotoxum, deeply quadrangular in D. Far- 
meri), but the curious deep velvety fringe of the lip of D. chry- 
sotoxum, well represented both by Dr. Lindley, Bot. Reg. 1847, 
t. 36. f. 1, and by myself, Bot. Mag. t. 5053, f. 2, has nothing 
resembling it in the labellum of B. Farmeri. This I take there- 
fore to be a yellow-flowered variety of the latter, and quite dis- 
tinct from D. chrysotoxum. 



Fig. 1. Column and anther. 2. Front view of the labellum: — magnified. 



5452. 




W.Btch.,del et 1 



"Vincent Brooks Imp. 



Tab. 5452. 

DESMODIUM Skinneri, var. albo-lineata. 
Mr. Skinner s Desmodium, white-lined var. 



Nat. Ord. LeguminosiE. — Diadelphia Decandria. 

Gen. Char. Calyx basi bibracteolatus, ad medium obscure bilabiatus, labio su- 
periore bifido, inferiore tripartite Corolla papilionacea, vexillo subrotundo, ca- 
rina obtusa, non truncata, alis carina longioribus. Stamina diadelpha (9 et 1), 
jilamentis subpersistentibus. Legumen constans articulis plurimis ad maturitatem 
secedentibus compressis monospermis membranaceis coriaceisve, non aut vix d©- 
hiscentibus. — Herbae aut suffrutices, plerique cequinoctiales. Folia nunc Z-foliata 
sen 1-juga cum imparl, nunc simplicia dicta nempe ad impar foliolum reducta ideo 
unifoliolata. Stipellae 2 ad basim folioli extremi, 1 ad quodque later ale. Kacemi 
terminates sapius taxi. Pedicelli 1 aut sapius 3, ex bractearum axillis orti, fill- 
formes, unifiori. Flores purpurei cterulei aut albi, minores quam in Hedysaro. Be 
Cand. 



Desmodium Skinneri; pubescenti-birsutum, suffruticosum, caule scandente, fo- 
liis trifoliolatis, foliolis lato-lanceolatis, terrninali longe petiolata, racemis 
elongatis subpaniculatis axillaribus terminalibusque, floribus intense pur- 
pureis, vexillo macula alba biloba, calycibus ciliatis, ovario oblongo hirsute 

Desmodium Skinneri. Benth. in Herb. Hook. 

Var. /?. albo-nitens. (Tab. Nostk. 5452.) 

Rhynchosia albo-nitens. Sort. Perschaff. 



A very pretty climber, received at the Royal Gardens of Kew 
under the name recorded last from Mr. Verschaffelt ; but it 
appears to correspond with a Guatemala plant named by Mr. 
Bentham as a Desmodium, and in compliment to its discoverer, 
of which specimens are preserved in the ITookerian herbarium. 
If it be truly the Desmodium Skinneri of Mr, Bentham, the 
young pods are very flat, curved and sickle-shaped, one inch 
long, three to four lines broad, of one or two joints, one to two- 
seeded. Trained along the rafters of the stove, the effect of the 
flowers is \ery pretty. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Calyx and pistil. 3. Yexillum. 4. Alse and carina : — 
magnified. 

june 1st, 1864. 



Tab. 5453. 
MACLEANIA speciosissima, 

Splendid Maclean} a. 



Nat. (3rd. VacCinib.*. — Decandria Monogynia. 



Gen. Char. Macleania, Hook. Calyx truncatus, obsoletissime 5-dentatus, 
5-alatus, inferne ovario adherens. Corolla cvlindracea, non raro angulata, limbo 
6-fido. Stamina 10, basi corolla; insorta, jilamentis per totara longitudineiu in 
urceolum connatis. Antherce basi affixae, dorso muticae, apice in tubum simplicem 
attenuate, et rimula singula introrsum dehiscentes. Ovarium quinqueloculare, 
multiovulatimi. — Frutices America tropica Andina, Jtabitu Tkibaudiae. Folia 
coriacea, integer rima, trinervia. Flo res speciosi fasciculati vel racemosi. 



Macleania speciosissima ; fruticosa, ramis elongatia pendentibus, foliis ovatis 
obtusis distichis brevipetiolatis trinerviis, floribus copiosissimis fasciculatis 
nutatitibus, calycis tubo 5-alato; corollis 12-14 lineas. longis tubuloso-sub- 
urceolatis 5-angulatis, limbi lobis par vis subpatentibus. 

Thibaudia elliptica. Hort. Lind. (fide Bateman), non Ruiz et Pav. 



Rarely have we seen a more lovely flowering shrub than that 
we have now the satisfaction to figure, from a specimen sent to 
us by James Bateman, Esq., from his collection at Biddnlph 
Grange, Congleton, after having attracted much attention at one 
of the Exhibitions of the lloyal Horticultural Society at Kensing- 
ton Gore, in April of the present year. By that gentleman it 
was received from Mr. Linden, under the name of " Thibaudia 
elliptica ;*' but it certainly is not that plant of Ruiz and Pavon, 
but is clearly a species of Macleania, yet not according with any 
of the ten species of that genus given by Dr. Klotzsch in his 
classification of the group of "Bicomes" published in the 24th 
vol. of the 'Linnsea/ for 1851. It is stated to be a native of 
Columbia, and its nearest affinity is perhaps with our M. angu- 
lata, Bot. Mag. t. 3979, and, though less so, with our M.Jluri- 
bunda, Ic. Plant. Rar. v. 2. t. 109. Our specimen was accom- 
panied by the following note from Mr. Bateman : — " I received 



july 1st, 1864. 



n 



the plant in 1859 from Mr. Linden, of Brussels. It requires 
the heat of a warm greenhouse, and should be placed in a large 
pot, which ought to stand on a bracket or shelf near the glass ; 
in this way the branches will hang down gracefully, and flower 
abundantly." 

Descr. A straggling shrub, of some few feet in the spread of 
its branches, which are much elongated and pendent, well clothed 
with coriaceous, distichous, evergreen leaves, two inches or rather 
more in length, ovate or oblong-ovate, shortly petiolate, obtuse, 
entire, with three principal nerves, thick and coriaceous ; young 
leaves particularly delicate, semipellucid, purplish-red. 'Hwjlowers 
are all drooping, most copious, in fascicles from beneath the leaves 
of the pendent branches, and in a measure concealed by them. 
Peduncles half to three-quarters of an inch long, clavate, and on 
the apex of these the calyx is articulated, five-winged, minutely 
five-toothed, with the tube incorporated with the ovary, purplish- 
green. Corolla nearly an inch and a quarter long, bright scarlet, 
yellow towards the mouth, tubular, but contracted below the 
small limb, so as to be tubuloso-ventricose, longitudinally five- 
angled ; the limb is of five small, acute, slightly spreading cili- 
ated lobes. Stamens: /Moments live, broad-oblong, slightly co- 
adunate. Anthers large, oblong, two-celled, tapering upwards 
into a long tube, and opening each by one pore or slit at the 
apex (our artist has by mistake represented two). Style nearly 
as long as the corolla, slender ; stigma obtuse. Frail globose, 
waxy and subpellucid. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Summit of the peduncle, calyx, and pistil. 3. Two of 
the anthers (the filaments forming part of the staminal tube) : — more or less 
magnified. 



5454. 




W. Fitch, del etTith 



"\fecent. Brooks, Imp 



Tab. 5454. 
DENDROBIUM marginatum. 

White-margined Dendrobium. 



Nat. Ord. Orchide,e. — Gynandria Monandria. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 5303.) 



Dendrobium marginatum • caulibus erectis pedalibus et ultra articulatis angu- 
latis, apice pracipue foliosis, foliis lineari-lanceolatis, floribus lateralibus 
geminatis albis, sepalis lanceolatis, petalis paulo latioribus brevioribus, la- 
bello unguiculato subpanduriformi trilobo, lobis lateralibus erectis intus 
cinnabarinis, labio medio suborbiculari undulato, disco cinnabarino albo- 
tnarginato. 

Dendrobium marginatum. Batem. ms. 



This very pretty Dendrobium was obligingly sent to us, in 
April of the present year, by Sigismund Rucker, Esq., from his 
fine collection at West Hill, Wandsworth, with the name here 
adopted. It would be easy to refer to nearly allied species of 
this now extensive genus, especially to the Dendrobium hetero- 
carpum, Wall, and Lindley, figured at our Tab. 4970, and its 
several varieties there noticed, some of which are remarkable 
enough, and this should perhaps rank as one of them. It is a 
native of Moulmein, and was discovered by the Rev. C. S. P. 
Parish and sent to Messrs. Hugh Low and Co. 

Descr. The stems, for they can scarcely be called pseudobulbs, 
grow in clusters a foot and more long, are rather thicker than a 
swan's quill, jointed (the joints slightly sheathing), angled ; the 
younger ones bearing a few sparse linear-lanceolate /eaves towards 
their extremity. Flowers, from the joints of the old stems, also 
towards the upper part, generally in pairs, from one short pe- 
duncle. Sepals and petals pure white, the former lanceolate, the 
latter nearly ovate, much spreading. Lip moderately large, ta- 
pering below into a long claw, as long as the spur, three-lobed ; 

JULY 1st, 1864. 



side lobes large, erect, spotted with deep orange ; the disk has 
three elevated ridges, the terminal lobe is subrotund, waved, ob- 
tuse, with a cinnabar-orange disk and a white margin, whence, 
probably, the specific name. Column rather short, the truncated 
anther-case sunk, as it were, in the clinanthium. Pollen-masses 
four. 



( Fi<r. 1. Lip and spur. 2. Column, spur, and base (only) of the labellum. 
>. hront view of the labellum. 4. Pollen-masses : -*« more or less magnified. 



5455. 




tch.ael-et lith. 



- Brooks, Imp 



Tab. 5455. 

MICRANTHELLA Candollei 
De Candolles Micranthella. 



Nat. Ord. Melastomace.,e. — Decandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Mickanthella, Naud. Flos pentamerus. Calycis campanulati 
vel oblongi denies acuti, persistentes. Petala obovata, apice rotundata, ciliolata. 
Stamina 10, parura insequalia, conformia, antheris lineari-subulatis aut oblongis 
1-porosis, connectivo infra loculos magis mirmsve producto et in insertione fila- 
menti ssepius bitesticulato. Ovarium basi adherens, 5-loculare. Stylus filifor- 
mis, stigmate punctiformi. Capsula 5-valvis; semina cocldeata. — Herbae vel 
suffrutices austro-Americani et Mexicani, seepius ramosi, varie pilosi, micranthi et 
submicrantJii ; foliis petiolatis ovatis ovatove-oblongis ; floribus paniculatis aut 
glomeratis, mmquam cernuis, purpureis albisflavis aut aurantiacis* Naud. 



Micranthella (Chsetogastroideaef) Candollei; fruticosa, ferrugineo-villosa, pro 
genere macrophylla, ramis teretibus, foliis petiolatis ovatis acuminatis ob- 
solete serrulatis vel subintegerrimis 5-nerviis, utraque pagina rufescenti- 
villosis, paniculis terminalibus brevibus confertifloris et multifioris, flori- 
bus rubris aut violaceis. Naud. 

Micranthella Candollei. Naud. in Ann. des Sc. Nat. Ser. 3. v. 13. p. 352. 

Ch.etogastra mollis. De Cand. Prodr. v. 3. p. 134. 

Ehexia mollis. Bonpl. Rhex. t. 19. 



A very pretty Melastomaceous plant, of which dried specimens 
only were known in our collections till our zealous horticultural 
and botanical friend Isaac Anderson Henry, Esq., of Hay Lodge, 
Trinity, Edinburgh, sent us in May, 1864, from his garden 
flowering specimens, raised from seeds sent by the Professor 
Jamieson, of Quito. This latter gentleman had long previously 

* M. Naudiu further observes on this : — "Genus fere omnino artificiale inio et 
subheterogenum ; Lasiandree, Ckatot/astrse, et Oreocosmo aequaliter afnne, nulli 
tamen apto conjungenduin. Pnecipui characters in parvitate riorum (si gene- 
rum proximorum floribus comparentur), inflorescentia et habitu resident." 

t " Antherae oblongse sed non vere subulatse ut in sectione praecedenti (' Ge- 
numa ), connectivo infra loculos brevissimo et bilobo, aut subnullo." 

July 1st, 1864. 



received specimens from the Ancles, gathered at elevations of 
from 9000-10,000 feet, and more recently from Mr. Spruce, n. 
5833. We have the same from M. Triana, from New Granada, 
and from Ruiz and Pavon's herbarium, gathered in the Andes 
above Lima, in Peru, and from the late Mr. M'Lean, from the 
same locality. It is well suited for greenhouse cultivation. 

Descr. A much branching shrub, with opposite branches and 
leaves, the whole plant, save the petals, covered with a dense 
mass of close-placed hairs, rusty-coloured when dry. Leaves 
about three inches long, petiolate, ovate-oblong, entire, 5-nerved ; 
the nerves united by obliquely transverse veins. Panicles ter- 
minal, leafy below. Calyx hispid, with subulate, spreading 
bristles, turbinate, crowned by five spreading, broad, subulate 
lobes. Stamens ten, nearly equal, obliquely obovate, purple. 
Pistil: ovary free, ovate, hispid above. Style filiform, longer 
than the ovary. Stigma obtuse. 






Pig. 1. Calyx and pistil. 2. Petal. 3. Stamen. \. Pistil :— more or less 
magnified. 



5lt56. 




Vincent Brooks, tmp 



Tab. 5456. 

MECONOPSIS ACULEATA. 
Prickly Meconopsis. 



Nat. Ord. Papa vera ce^. — Polyandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Sepala2. Betala^. Stamina oo. Ovarii placenta 4-co, nerviforraes 
vel plus minus intromissae ; stylus distinctus, stigmalis depresso-dilatati vel clavati 
lobis deflexo-radiantibus plaeentis appositis. Cajjsula ovoidea, oblonga vel bre- 
viter sublinearis, valvis brevibus, placentas cum stylo persistentes nudantibus de- 
hiscens. Semina scrobiculata, raphe cristata vel nuda. — Herbm perennantes v. 
rarius annua;, succo Jlavo. Folia Integra vel sapius lobata vel dissecta. Plores 
longe pedunculati, speciosi, flavi purpurti vel aerulei, alabastris nutantibus. Benth. 
et Hook. 



Meconopsis aculeata; sparse hispido-aculeata, foliis radicalibus cordatis ova- 
tisve varie lobatis, canlinis oblongis pinnatifidis, omnibus varie lobulatis, 
floribus racemosis bracteatis purpureo-eeeruleis, capsulis brevibus setoso- 
echinatis. 

Meconopsis aculeata. Boyle, III. PI. Himal. p. 67. 1. 15 (the flowers represented 
red, in consequence, no doubt, of the colour being taken from dried speci- 
mens). Wall. Cat. n. 8122. Hook, et Thorns. Fl. Ind. p. 253. 



We had the good fortune to have this rare and charming 
plant flowering in the open border, in the month of June of the 
present year (1864). Seeds were obligingly sent to us during 
the previous year, by our friend Dr. Cleghorn, from North-west- 
ern India. It is a native of the high mountains of Kumaon 
{IFaUich), at an altitude of 11,000 feet, of Sirmur (Boyle), Ku- 
nawar (Munro), and Zanshar and Kishtwar, in Kashmir, at an 
elevation of 10-14,000 feet above the level of the sea {Winter- 
bottom). Of the very handsome genus Meconopsis, one species 
inhabits Western Europe, A/. Camhrica, extending as far north 
as Britain, two belong to North-west America, and six are na- 
tives of Himalaya, of which one, our M. WalUchii, has appeared 
in the Tab. 4(568 of the present work, and two, M. simplicifolia 
and M. Nepalensis, are figured in Dr. Hooker's ' Illustrations of 
July 1st, 1864. 



Himalayan Plants.' The latter species, with yellow flowers, 
having lately blossomed iii the Royal Gardens, will at no very 
distant period be given in onr pages. All of these are remark- 
able for the size to which they attain as compared with our Eu- 
ropean and North-American species, and especially that of the 
blossoms. 

Descu. Root, according to Dr. Royle, long and tapering, pro- 
bably therefore perennial. Stem herbaceous, one to two feet 
high, scarcely branched, clothed, as is the whole plant (except 
the petals), with patent rigid hair-like prickles. Leaves very 
variable ; the outermost, and most radical in our plant, are cor- 
date, somewhat five-lobed, and more or less incised; the next to 
them are oblong-ovate in circumscription, with deeper but more 
acute lobes, while the stem-leaves are narrow-oblong, deeply 
pinnatifid, with the segments variously lobed and incised, then 
pass gradually upwards into bractcas, which only differ from the 
cauline leaves in their smaller size : all are petioled, the radical 
ones the most so. The flowers measure more than two inches 
across, and form a long raceme, of which the upper ones expand 
first ; they are solitary in the axils of the floral leaves or bracts. 
Petals a rich purple-blue colour. Stamens numerous, forming 
a bright golden eye to the flower by the rich colour of their 
compact anthers. Ovary oval, hispid, with erect prickles. Style 
columnar ; stigma capitate. 



Fig. 1. Pistil. 2. Transverse section of the same: — slightly mug nified. 



5451. 




W.Rteli.del.etli 



Ifciceni Brooks, Imp- 



Tab. 5457. 
CYMBIDIUM TIGRINUM. 

Spotted-lipped Cymbidium. 



Nat. Ord. Orchide.*:. — Gynandria. Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Perlanthium explanatum, petalls sej/alis(\\ie subsequalibus liberis. 
Lahellum sessile, liberum, ecalcaratum, concavum, cum basi columns nunc arti- 
culatum, nunc leviter connatum, indivisum vel trilobum. Columna erecta, semi- 
teres. Anthera biloculares. Pollinia 2, saepius poslice biloba, in glandulam 
subtriangularem subsessilia. Lindl. 



Cymbidium tigrinum; pseudobulbis aggregates subrotundis ovatisve striatis, 
vetustis foliorum delapsorum basibus quasi-operculatis, foliis subsolitariis 
oblongo-lanceolatis parum tortuosis acutis, scapo radicali, bracteato subtri- 
floro; sepalis petalisque conformibus linearibus patenti-incurvis, Jabello 
longe uuguiculato trilobo albo purpureo-maculato, lobis lateralibus erectis, 
interraedio lato-oblongo apiculato ; basi callis duobus ; columna elongata 
semiterete. 

Cymbidium tigrinum. Parish, ms. 



This is but one of many new Orchidaceous plants sent from 
the Malay Peninsula to Messrs. Lowe, of the Clapton Nursery, 
by the Rev. C. S. P. Parish. It was detected by that gentleman 
in 1863, upon rocks in the Tenasserim mountains, at an eleva- 
tion of 6000 feet above the level of the sea, and the plants were 
accompanied by a faithful drawing from his pencil. Mr. Bate- 
man remarks, " the compact pseudobulbs, and its few-flowered 
spikes, are very unlike anything in the genus with which I am 
acquainted.'' 

I have here adopted Dr. Lindley's character for the genus 
Cymbidium, but what are its limits I do not understand. That 
author, in 1840, enumerated in his ' Genera et Species Orchide- 
arum,' forty species. Keichenbach, fil., seems to have reduced 
them to nineteen, in Walpers' 'Annates Botanices Systematicae.' 

Descr. Pseudobulbs clustered, as large as walnuts, subrotund 
or. ovate, scarred at the top, in the old ones, by the persistent 
bases of the fallen leaves. Leaves three to four inches long, one 

JDLY 1st, 1864. 



to three or four from the summit of the young pseudobulb, oblong- 
lanceolate, slightly twisted, subcoriaceous. Scape radical, about 
a span long, braeteated, with four to six lanceolate, sheathing 
scales. Ovary pedunculiform, one inch and a half long. The 
spread of the flower is considerable, but the floral coverings are 
narrow. Sepals much divaricated, linear or linear-oblong, yel- 
low-green, indistinctly speckled with red ; petals conform with 
them, but erect and nearly parallel with the upper sepal, slightly 
incurved. Lip large, broad-oblong, tapering below into a long 
claw, three-lobed ; side-lobes rounded, erect, purple within ; 
middle lobe broad-oblong, quite white, barred transversely with 
short streaks of dark purple : there are a few elevated callous 
lines at its base. Column much elongated, clavate, incurved. 
Pollen-masses two, transverse, each two-lobed, and attached to 
a large triangular gland. 



Fig. 1. Labellum. 2. Column and upper portion of the ovary. 3. Front; 
and I. Back view of a pollen-mass, with its large triangular gland : — more or 
less magnified. 






5liAS. 




"WRtch.de! etlith 



"VinceraBroatelw?- 



Tab. 5458. 
CORYLOPSIS spicata. 

Spiked Corylopsis. 



Nat. Ord. HamamelidejE. — Pentandria Digynia. 

Gen. Char. Corylopsis, Sieb. et Zucc. Calyx adnatus, quinquefidns, laciniis 
subinaequalibus. Corolla calyci inserta, pentapetala, regularis, petalis spathu- 
latis. Stamina 5, libera, calybi inserta. Squama 5, stylos intra stamina cin- 
gentes. Ovarium inferum, biloculare, ovulo unico pendulo in quovis loculo. 
Styli 2, stigmatibus subcapitatis. Capsula semisupera, bilocularis, bivalvis, 
valvis septicidis. — Frutices Japonici, foliis alternis petiolatis slipulatis last cor- 
datis vel rolundatis subin&quilateris acutis vel cuspidatis repando-serratis, serra- 
turis setaceo-mucronatis, costato-venosis, deciduis ; gemmis porulatis foiiiferis vel 
mixtis ; floribus prcecocibus, in spicas amentaceas simpliees nutantes dispositis. 
Sieb. et Zucc. 



Corylopsis spicata ; foliis e basi subcordata late obovatis acutiusculis repando- 
dentatis, dentibus setaceis, floribus in racemos simpliees 8-12-floros dis- 
positis, calycis laciniis lanceolatis, petalis oblongo-spathulatis, nectarii 
squamis bifidis. Sieb. et Zucc. 

Corylopsis spicata. Sieb. and Zuccarini, Fl. Japon. p. 47. t. 19. 



This interesting Japan shrub, whose pretty drooping spikes 
have the fragrance (as they have the colour) of Cowslips, is now, for 
the first time, known in cultivation in European gardens. It 
has been introduced from Yokahama by Messrs. Veitch, of the 
Royal Exotic Nursery, King's Road, Chelsea. Excellent flower- 
ing specimens were sent to us from thence by Messrs. Veitch, the 
latter end of February of the present year : and we are happy 
in announcing the introduction of so interesting a shrub, and 
one whose flowers are doubly welcome, from appearing at so 
early a season of the year. The shrubs however being deciduous, 
the flowers appear before the leaves, which latter have much the 
appearance of our nut-bushes, whence the name of the genus. 

Descr. Shrub, in its native country said to be about three to 
four feet high, with long petiolated leaves, three to four inches 
long, unequal at the base, cordate, acute rather than acuminate, 
strongly penniveined, green above, and pubescent, somewhat 

AUGUST 1st, 1864. 



hoary beneath with more copious down, the margins mucronato- 
serrate. Spikes oijtowers two to three inches long, drooping, 
yellow, braeteated ; bracteas ample, cordate or ovate, yellow- 
green, lowest ones the largest and not floriferous, the rest bearing 
each a single jloiver, which is sessile. Calyx with the short, 
turbinate, downy, tube crowned with five, ovato-lanceolate, subin- 
cised, erect segments. Corolla of five, oblong-spathulate, obtuse 
or retuse and erect petals. Stamens five, as long as the petals. 
Within the stamens are, in our specimens, ten erect oblong subu- 
late glands. Ovary turbinate, incorporated with the tube of the 
calyx, two-celled, cells one-seeded ; ovules pendent. Styles two, 
about as long as the stamens. Stigmata incrassated, uncinate. 



Kg. 1. Flower and bract. 2. Calyx and pistil. 3. Ovary (incorporated with 
the tube of the calyx) and the 2 styles. 4. Vertical section of the ovary, sur- 
rounded by the 10 erect glands. 5. Transverse section of the ovary, with 2 
cells, each with its ovule : — all more or less magnified. 



5459. 




kiLetMi 



, :oaks,iTnp 



Tab. 5459. 

DENDROBIUM eburneum. 

Ivory -flowered Dendrobium. 



Nat. Ord. Orchideje. — Gtnandria Monandria. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 5303.) 



Dendrobium eburneum; caulibus erectis brevibus robustis foliosis villis deciduis 
sparse vestitis, foliis coriaceis lanceolatis oblique obtusis, racemis lateralibus 
vel terminalibus 2-5-floris foliis brevioribus, sepalis petalisque subasqualibus 
lanceolatis acutis, labelli trilobi lobis lateralibus brevibus rotundatis, inter- 
medio triplo longiore lanceolato apiculato margine crenulato, mento hori- 
zoutali sepalis vix sequali. /. B. 

Dendrobium eburneum. Reichenbach fil. mss. 



This line Dendrobium was found in Moulmeine by Mr. Parish, 
associated with D. formomm and other species, of which figures 
have already appeared in this work. Messrs. Hugh Low and 
Co. received living plants of it about two years ago ; and one of 
these having been seen in flower by Professor Reichenbach, he 
at once distinguished it under the characteristic name of B. ebur- 
neum, although, so far as we are aware, he has not yet published 
any technical description of it. The flowers have exactly the 
appearance of polished ivory, which .is relieved by lines of dark 
Roman red, which occupy the lower portion of the disk of the 
lip and the base of the column. It seems to flower at irregular 
periods; and although evidently of easy culture, has not yet 
bloomed so profusely as the imported stems, many of which, 
bearing the remains of half-a-dozen racemes, lead us to expect 
it eventually will do. 

Our figure was derived from a specimen that flowered in Mr. 
Low's collection in the month of April last. (/. Bateman.) 



Fig. 1. Flower, from which the sepals and petals are removed. 2. Front 
view of the column and spur. 3. Pollen-masses : — maginfied. 
august 1st, 1864. 



S/fSO. 




WFuch,deZ.«.]itK 



Vincent Brooks, Imp. 



Tab. 5460. 

KALANCHOE grandiflora. 

Large-flowered Kalanchoe. 

Nat. Ord. Crassulace^e. — Octandria Monogynia. 



Gen. Char. Calyx quadripartitus ; laciniis angustis acutis, subdistantibus. 
Corolla perigyna, hypocraterimorpha, tubo cylindraceo, limbo quadripartito, pa- 
tente. Stamina 8, imo corollae tubo inserta, inclusa. Squamulce hypogynce, 
lineares. Ovaria 4, libera, unilocularia ; ovulis ad suturam ventralem plurimis. 
Capsular folliculares, liberae, intus longitudinaliter dehiscentes. — Suffrutices car- 
nod, in Africa boreali-orientali et Capensi, in Asia tropica et Brasilia indigent ; 
foliis oppositis, irregulariter imparipinnatisectis v. ovatis, dentatis, crassis ; flori- 
bus cymoso-paniculatis, laxis,flavis v. rarius rubescentibus aut albidis. Endl. 



Kalanchoe grandiflora; glabra, glauca, foliis late obovatis sessilibus trinerviis 
sinuato-crenatis, cymis terminalibus eorymbosis sublaxifloris, sepalis recurvo- 
patentibus, corolla? segraentis ovalibus apice uncinato-mucronatis. 

Kalanchoe grandiflora. Wall. Cat. n. 7226. Wight, Cat. n. 1174. Wight et 
Am. Prodr. Fl. Penins. Ind. Orient, p. 359. Wight, Illustr. v. 1. 1. 111. 

Kalanchoe Wightiana. Wall. Cat. 7225. 



The genus Kalanchoe, closely allied in general structure to 
Bryophyllum (of which we lately figured a new species at our 
Tab. 5147), contains nine species, according to De Candolle, 
not however including our present species, which was first dis- 
tinguished and named by Dr. Wallich, but clearly characterized 
by Wight and Arnott, in their ' Prodromus of the Botany of 
the Madras Peninsula,' and afterwards figured in Wight's ' Illus- 
trations of Indian Botany.' It is a native of the Mysore country, 
where it appears to be plentiful, though, as far as we yet know, 
it is peculiar to that region. Our plants were raised from seeds 
sent to us in 1863, and flowered in a greenhouse devoted to 
succulent plants, in May, 1864. 

Descr. Stem, as far as I know, simple, but subarborescent, 
succulent rather than woody, and, as Dr. Wight assures us, 

AUGUST 1st, 1864. 






often attaining a large size. Leaves also succulent and glau- 
cous, two to three inches long, opposite, sessile, obovate or sub- 
rhomboidal, with three principal longitudinal nerves, and lesser 
ones branching off from them ; the foliage becomes gradually 
smaller up the stem, as they approach the flowers ; the margins 
coarsely sinuato-crenate. Cyme terminal, subsessile, many-flow- 
ered, scarcely pedunculate. Flowers rather large ; peduncles brac- 
teated. Calyx of four, deep, ovate, reflexed sepals. Corollas 
bright-yellow, hypocrateriform ; tube elongated, swelling at the 
base, so as to be bottle-shaped ; limb of four, spreading, reflexed 
. {/-^sepals, uncinato-mucronate. Stamens eight, four, long and four 
short, inserted at the faux of the corolla ; f laments, four long 
and four short. Ovaries four, slightly united. /Styles four, glan- 
dular at the apex, elongated, erect. 



Fig. 1. A flower of Kalanchoe grandiflora, Wall. 2. Corolla laid open. 
3. Pistils and hypogynous glands : — magnified. 



51,61. 




W Fitch, del. etkth 



Vincent Brooks,Imp- 



Tab. 5461. 
DELPHINIUM Brunonianum. 

Mr. Browns Musk Larkspur. 



Nat. Ord. RANUNCULACEiE. POLYANDKIA MONOGYNIA. 

Gen. Char. Sepala 5, basi subconnata, posticum (seu calycis tubus) deorsum 
in calcar productum. Petala 2 v. 4, parva, 2 postica (saepe connata) in appen- 
dicem calcarifonnem intra calcar calycis producta, 2 lateralia ecalcarata v. de- 
ficientia. Carpella 1-5, sessilia, libera, pluriovulata, maturitate folliculatim 
dehiscentia. Semina subcarnosa. — Herbae annua v. caudice radiciformi perennes, 
erectce, ramosce. Folia alterna, subternatim palmatimve lobata v. dissecta. Flores 
majusculi, laxe racemosi v. paniculati, carulei purpurei rosei v. albi, rarmime 
Jlavi. Pilamenta basi interdum dilatata. Benth. et Hook.Jil. 



Delphinium Brunonianum ; caule simplici vel ramoso, folioso, foliis reniformi- 
bus subquinquefidis, lobis cuueato-ovalibus grosse inciso-dentatis, floribus 
corymbosis, calcare late saccato conico obtuso, ovariis 5-6. 

Delphinium Brunonianum. Royle, Illustr. Hook, et Thorns. Fl. Ind. p. 53. 

Dephinium moschatum. Hook, et Thorns. I.e. 



The genus Delphinium, or Larkspur, is considered by Bentham 
and Hooker fil. to include about forty species, dispersed over 
the temperate portion of the northern hemisphere, both of the 
Old and New World, of which fifteen are enumerated as inha- 
biting Northern India. Our present handsome species is a na- 
tive of that country, that is, of Western Thibet, on the lofty alps, 
at altitudes of from 14,000 to 18,000 feet; at Nubra, Ladak, 
and Hangarang, where it flowers in August and September. It 
may, therefore, well be supposed to be hardy in our climate. 
It was first described by Dr. Royle, and named by him " in ho- 
nour of the > illustrious botanist to whom I am indebted for the 
use of the herbarium of R. Inglis, Esq., of Kunawur. This plant 
was found by that gentleman on the Kongno Pass" (Royle, I.e.). 
With us it blossoms in the open border in June, and has quite 
died down to the ground early in July. It is remarkable for 

AUGUST 1st, 1864. 






the very powerful odour of musk, which is not peculiar to this 
species of the genus, but exists in other high alpine species, 
which form a peculiar group, with large half-closed membrana- 
ceous flowers, whence the mountaineers erroneously suppose 
that the musk-deer feed upon them, and thereby communicate 
the peculiar odour to their glandular secretions. The D. mos- 
chatmn, Munro, is now, by Hooker and Thomson, rightly re- 
ferred to the present plant. Our plants are raised from seeds 
lately sent by Dr. Cleghorn. 

Descr. Whole herb musky. Stem erect, six to eight inches 
to a foot or more high, simple or branched, viscoso-puberulous 
or tomentose. Lowest leaves long-petioled j petioles three, four, 
and six inches long, sheathing at the base : the blade appress- 
edly pubescent, three to four inches long, and more broad, 
reniform, deeply lobed, with the lobes strongly inciso-dentate : 
stem-leaves smaller, and on shorter petioles ; uppermost ones tri- 
partite and toothed. Flowers corymboso-racemose ; peduncles 
erect, naked, or bracteated : two small ligulate bracts at the base 
of the flower. Flowers large, pale-blue, bright-purple towards 
the margin, yet black in the very centre. Sepals nearly orbi- 
cular, an inch long, veined ; spur infundibuliform, tapering into 
a long, subulate, slightly flexuose apex. Posterior petals, with 
the lamina pale-coloured, obovato-spathulate, two-lobed. 



Fig. 1. Flower, with sepals removed, — slightly magnified. 



5m. 







Vmcert.Brocks,]mp- 



Tab. 5462. 

CCELOGYNE odoratissima. 

Honey-scented Ccelogyne. 



Nat. Ord. Orchidejs. — Gynandria Monandria. 

Gen. Char. Sepala conniventia v. patentia, libera (nunc invicem ngglutinata), 
sequalia, petaloidea, saepius basi obtusa. Petala conformia, aut multo angustiora. 
Labellum cucullatum trilobum v. indivisum, petaloideum, basi saepe saccatum, 
venis 2-3 pluribusve parallelis cristatis, nunc cum basi columnar connatum. 
Columna erecta, libera, alata, apice membranaceo-marginata. Stigma promincns, 
alte excavatum, bilabiatum. Pollinia 4, libera, incuinbentia, materie glandulosa 
eohserentia. Anthera infra apicem columnar inserta, raobilis, vix decidua. — Herbse 
epiphytes vel terrestres Asise tropica?, pseudobulbosce. Folia 1-2, nervosa. Ra- 
cemi, ant flores solitarii, terminates, stepe e squamis corneis erumpentes. Flores 
albi rosei jiavidi ant brunneo-maculati, imino virescentes, seepissime speewsi. 
Lindl. 



Ccelogyne (Erectse) odoratissima; pseudobulbis ovatis sulcatis, foliis 1-2 
membranaceis nervosis racemo erecto 2-3-floro brevioribus, bracteis angustis 
cymbiformibus divaricatis, labelli trilobi 3-cristati lobo medio obtuso sub- 
undulato, lateralibus brevioribus planis. Lindl. 

Ccelogyne odoratissima. Wight, Ic. Plant. Ind. Or. t. 1640. Lindl. Fol. 
Orchid., Ccelogyne p. 5. n. 10. 

Ccelogyne angustifolia. Wight, Ic. I.e. t. 1641. 



A pretty and graceful Ccelogyne, native of Ceylon, on the 
mountain of Neura Ellia and of the Nilghiri Hills of the Madras 
Presidency. We possess living plants direct from the latter 
country, and also from Mr. Bateman. Dr. Wight has made two 
species, and Dr. Lindley has considered them two varieties. Our 
plants scarcely merit the name of odoratissima, unless a rather 
powerful smell of honey entitles the species to that distinction. 
In its native hills it grows on the trunks or branches of trees, 
flowering throughout the rainy season, from May till October. 
Respecting this species we have received the following interest- 
ing notice from Mr. Bateman :— "The plant that you were good 
enough to give me last year under the name of Ccelogyne odora- 

AUGUST 1st, 1864. 



tissima has just (April 21, 1864) flowered with me and exactly 
corresponds with the figure of that species in Dr. Wight's Icones. 
It likewise so entirely corresponds with the figure of C. angusti- 
folia in the same work that I cannot entertain a doubt of the 
perfect identity, which Dr. Wight himself seemed to suspect, of 
the two plants. At the same time it is probable that the plant to 
which Achille Richard gave the name of C. angustifolia may be 
really distinct, a matter of which Dr. Wight had no opportunity 
of judging. C. odoratissima grows freely if not kept too w r arm ; 
indeed I believe that it will be found to succeed perfectly in a cool 
orchid-house, into which I was led to place it after hearing the 
account of its habitat from General Cotton, who at once recog- 
nized the species when looking through my collection the other 
day. According to him this and other Ccelogynes are found in 
large masses on the summits of the highest Nilgherry hills, but 
always on the north side, and frequently growing among stones 
and wet moss. It always flowered so punctually the second 
week in April — the week in which was Mrs. Cotton's birthday 
— that it enjoyed the designation of the 'Birthday Orchis' 
during her and the gallant General's residence in India, and it 
was interesting to me to notice that this year it opened its 
flowers at Knypersley only a few days later than the date of the 
auspicious anniversary in question. Next year I hope it may 
keep exact time !" 

Descr. Pseudobulbs pale-green, about an inch long, very 
much tufted on creeping roots, ovate, but waved and wrinkled 
on the surface rather than striated. Leaves mostly two, crown- 
ing the summit, three to four inches long, linear-lanceolate, ap- 
pearing at the same time with the flowers. Peduncles slender, 
filiform, arising from the summit of the pseudobulb from be- 
tween the two leaves, more or less drooping, shorter than the 
leaves, bearing about three bracteated flowers. Bracteas long 
lanceolate, longer than club-shaped, petiolated ovary. Perianth 
much spreading, pure- white, rather more than an inch across : 
sepals oval-lanceolate; petals oblong-lanceolate. Up about 
equal in length with the sepals, curved downwards, obovate, 
three-lobed, white, with a yellow disk, and having three con- 
spicuous lamellae or crests, waved at the margins ; side lobes ob- 
long, plane ; middle lobe cordato-rotundate, subacute. Column 
elongated, semiterete ; clinandrmm with a dilated margin, in 
which the hemispherical anther-case is sunk. 



Fig. 1. Column and anther. 2. Front view of the labellum. 3. Pollen- 
masses : — magnified. 




-i.etlith. 



Vincent Brooks, Imp- 



Tab. 5463. 
APHELANDRA Liboniana. 

Libons Aphelandra. 



Nat. Ord. Acanthace^e. — Didynamia Gymnospermia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx quinquepartitus, laciniis chartaceo-menibranaceis subtiliter 
striatis, postica ssepe Jatiore. Corolla bilabiata vel ringens, labio superiore bi- 
dentato rariusve subintegro plerisque fornicato, inferioris tripartiti laciniis lalera- 
libus saspe minoribus. Stamina 4, corolla; tubo prope a basi inserta, subsequalia, 
corolla sa:pe longiora ; Jilamenta basi pilosa ; antherce uniloculares, basi apiceque 
acutse, dorso kerbaceo carinato, aplce plerisque barbata? villisque eonnexse. Stigma 
bidentatum. Capsula basi compressa, a medio tetrasperma (las vis et nitida). 
Semina retinaculis fulcrata. — Frutices America tropica. Folia alia integerrima, 
alia dentata pinnatifidave spitiosa. Corolla speciosa, rubra. Spicse axillares et ter- 
minates, seepe arete imbricates. Flores solitarii, tetrastichi. Bracteae vix calycem 
aqiiantes, at eo sape latiores. Bractese date, minores. Nees. 



Aphelandra Liboniana; foliis spithamasis et ultra late ovato-lanceolatis brevi- 
acuminatis sinuatis basi in petiolum biuncialera sensim attenuatis, ad costam 
albo-lineatis, spicis sessilibus terminalibus simplicibus, bracteis quadrifa- 
riam imbricatis amplis (noa carinatis) erecto-patentibus ovatis lineatis 
aurantiacis, floribus parvis vix bractea longioribus, sepalis ovato-lanceolatis 
acutis erectis aequalibus, corolla flava rubro-tincta, tubo elongato paululurn 
ventricoso, apice bilabiato, labio superiore parvo lineari integro reflexo, in- 
feriore trifido, staminibus styloqae exsertis. 

Aphelandra Liboniana. Hort. Linden. 



Received from Mr. Linden with the name here adopted, but 
no locality has been given with it. It is probably a native of 
Brazil, whence comes an allied but quite distinct species, which 
we have figured at Tab. 4899 of this work, Aphelandra variegata 
of Morel. Both have the same rich golden-coloured tetrasti- 
chous spike, with yellow flowers ; but here, while the bracteas 
are neither closely imbricated nor carinated, and the flowers 
scarcely exserted beyond the bracts, there the bracts are carinated 
and closely and compactly imbricated, and the larger flowers are 
much exserted, to say nothing of other important characters. 
Flowers in May, in a warm stove. 

Descr. At present our plant has attained a height of only 

AUGUST 1ST, 1864. 



about two feet, is shrubby below, somewhat herbaceous above ; 
branches terete. Leaves, the largest of them a span and more 
long, deep-green, with a white line down the centre, broad 
ovato-lanceolate, rather suddenly acuminate, the margin entire, 
or only slightly sinuated, the base narrowly decurrent into a 
stout petiole two to three inches long ; the upper leaves are 
smaller and more acuminate, all opposite, and rather strongly 
penniveined. Spike sessile, long (five to six inches), composed 
of large, bright, orange-coloured bracts, arranged in four rows, 
an inch and more long, broad-ovate or subobovate, obtuse, the 
base concave and imbricated (not keeled), the upper half some- 
what spreading, the back marked with three to five longitudinal 
slightly elevated lines. Flowers small in proportion to the size 
of the bracts, deep-yellow, red at the apex, scarcely exserted : 
each has two small bracteolas at the base. Calyx of five ovato- 
lanceolate, erect, equal sepals, much shorter than the corolla. 
Tube of the corolla subcylindrical, but ventricose upwards, two- 
lipped at the mouth : upper lip of a single undivided ligulate 
piece, reflected on the tube ; lower one of three ovato-lanceolate 
lobes. Stamens with the long, narrow, single-celled, nearly equal 
anthers quite exserted. Ovary on a large globose disk/ Style 
filiform, protruded a little beyond the stamens : stigma a little 
dilated. 



Fig. 1. Calyx and corolla (the bracteoles being removed). 2. A stamen. 
3. A pistil: — magnified. 



5464. 







Tab. 5464. 
URCEOLINA pendula. 

Drooping Urceolina. 



Nat. Ord. AmaryllidacejE. — Hexandria Monogynia. 

^ Gen. Char. Perigonium superum, corollaceum, rectum, e tubo gracili tereti ven- 
tncoso-campanulatum, 6-fidum, regulare, marcescendopersistens ? ; laciniis brevi- 
bus, ovatis, subaequalibus, recurvato-patulis, exterioribus acuminatis. Stamina 
6, summo tubo inserta, basi membrana juncta (corona staminifera abbreviata, 
sinubus interstamineis), exserta, insequalia ; sepalino superiore elongato, petalino 
inferiore abbreviato. Antheree oblongse, dorso infra medium affixse, incumbentes. 
Ovarium subrotundo-ovatum, tricoccum, multiovulatum. Columna sty Una fili- 
formis, erecta, stamina vix superans. Stigma obtusum, trigonum. Capsula 
tngona, trisulca, trilocularis, polysperma. — Herba3 bulhiferte, scapigera, bulbo 
tunicato. Folia coeetanea, petiolata, oblonga, crassa. Scapus solidus, convexo- 
plamis, umbellato-plurijiorus. Spatlia polyphylla, marcescens. Flores pedicellati, 
penduli. Kth. 



Urceolina pendula ; foliis petiolatis tripalmaribus, palmam latis, scapo pedali, 
floribus 5-8 bipollicaribus, limbo inferne flavo, superne viridi albo-angulato, 
filamentis styloque limbum superantibus. Herb. 

Urceolina pendula. Herb. Amaryl. p. 193. Lindl. in Bot. Beg. 1838, n. 151. 
Urceolaria pendula. Herb. Amaryl. App. 28. 
Crinum urceolatum. Buiz et Pav. Fl. Perm. 3. p. 58. t. 287. fig. b. 
Collania. urceolata. Schult. Syst. Veget. 7. p. 893. Bcem. Amaryl. t. 54. 
Klk. Enum. Plant. 5. 645. 

Urceolina aurea. Gard. Chron. 1864, p. 627. 



For the opportunity of figuring this very fine Araaryllidaceous 
plant, we are indebted to Messrs. Veitch, of King's Road, Chelsea, 
who, through their collector Mr. Pearcc, imported the bulbs from 
Peru, where the locality given for it by Ruiz and Pavon (its first 
describers) is "woods on the Andes at Pozuzo and Pampa- 
nmrca." Mr. Herbert remarks that the size of the flowers is 
^nggcrated in the ■ Plora of Peru and Chili ;' but such is not 
the case, as our specimen and figure will prove ; and the shape 
and colour are very remarkable : the former is that of an inverted 

SEPTEMBER 1ST, 1864. 



pitcher, having a remarkably inflated yellow upper part to the 
tube, while the limb is quite green with a white edge, the very 
contracted part of the tube is quite filiform. It has flowered 
in June of the present year, 1864. 

Descr. Bulb subrotund, as large as a good-sized hyacinth or 
onion, tunicated. Leaves two, a span and more long (in the 
present instance on a different bulb from the scape), elliptic- 
oblong, shortly but sharply acuminated, rather thick and carnose, 
faintly striated, tapering rather suddenly below into a semiterete 
petiole about four inches long. Scape fifteen inches long, sub- 
terete, bearing at the summit a large umbel of drooping flowers. 
Pedicels If— 2 inches long. Perianth with its base incorporated 
with the cordiform, three-lobed, three-celled ovary, then for about 
an inch it is contracted into a tube so narrow and green as to 
resemble a pedicel, thence it suddenly expands into a very large 
inflated broad-ovate portion of the tube with six shallow furrows, 
while the mouth is spreading, six-lobed, full green, white at the 
margins of the lobes. Stamens six, arising from a short, cup- 
shaped, six-toothed membrane, which lines the base of the inflated 
portion of the tube. Filaments long, exserted, nearly equal. Style 
very long, filiform, nearly equalling the stamens in length. Stigma 
clavate, subtrifid. 



Fig. 1. Flower laid open. 2. Stigma. 3. Transverse section of the ovary :— 
magnified. 



5465 




"WRtch,deL.eblith. 



Vincent Brooks^mp ■ 



Tab. 5465. 

MACLEANIA pulchra. 

Showy Macleania. 



Nat. Ord. Vacciniace^:. — Decandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 5453.) 



Macleania pulchra; fruticosa, glabra, ramis teretibus elongatis pendentibus, 
foliis 3-4-uncialibus oblongis basi obtusis brevipetiolatis obtuse acumi- 
natis coriaceis nitidis 5-nerviis, junioribus angustioribus rubro-tinctis, flori- 
bus axillaribus aggregatis copiosis pendentibus, pedunculis clavatis calyceque 
turbinate profimde 5-angulato lobisque triangulari-acuminatis coccineis, 
corollae, tubo 15 lineas longis obscure 5-angulatis coccineis, limbo 5-lobato 
flavo, lobis parvis ovato-triquetris subpatentibus. 



This fine plant was presented to us in full flower in May, 
1864, as a native of New Granada, under the name of Thibau- 
dia floribunda, H.B.K. Nov. Gen. An. 3, p. 369, tab. 254; 
but with that figure and description our plant does not accord, 
neither does it, I regret to say, with any of the numerous sup- 
posed forms in my Herbarium, chiefly from Mexico, Columbia, 
Peru, and Ecuador. The species are probably very variable and 
in the nature of the opening of the anthers ; sometimes the 
tubular portion of the two cells forks and two distinct cells and 
openings or pores are the consequence, and sometimes the two 
seem to combine and constitute one pore or slit, but with an im- 
perfect longitudinal septum as in our present species, which ac- 
cords in so many points with our Macleania speciosissima that, 
but for that circumstance, the much longer and acuminated 
lobes of the calyx and the rich scarlet colour of the peduncles 
and calyx, I should have been disposed to refer it to that plant. 
Dried specimens of this genus of plants have their succulent 
flowers so altered and diminished in size in drying, that it is 
hard to recognize them. A good series of figures from living 
individuals will, it is to be hoped, help to clear up the difficulties 
attending their determination. 

SEPTEMBER 1ST, 1864. 



Descr. A handsome-growing glabrous shrub with elongated 
pendent branches, and rather large glossy elliptical or oblong 
leaves shortly petioled, 5-nerved, obtuse at the base, blunt 
acuminate at the apex : the young terminal leaves much smaller 
than the rest and with a vinous-red tinge. Peduncles all from, 
the axils of the leaves, and there aggregated and pendent ; flowers 
large and beautiful. Peduncles, calyces and the elongated tube 
of the corollas bright scarlet with the limb yellow. The rest of 
the flower very much resembles that of 31. speciosissima of this 
volume, Tab. 5543. 



Fig. 1. Calyx, stamens, and pistil. 2. Two stamens with a portion of the 
staminal tube. 3. Transverse section of the ovary : — magnified. 



S4S6. 




WFit^deL eolith 



Vincent Brooia, Imp 



Tab. 5466. 
CYPRIPEDIUM caricinum. 

Sedge-like Ladys Slipper . 



Nat. Ord. Orchidace^e. — Gtnandria Diandria. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4901.) 



Cypripedium caricinum; rhizomate repente, foliis angustissimis coriaceis aeutis 
unicostatis scapo plurifloro subaequalibus, bracteis ovatis aeutis spathaceis 
glabris ovario glabro brevioribus, sepalis lateralibus connatis labelli longitu- 
dine, petalis duplo longioribus tortilibus deflexis, labello mediocri oblongo 
semiaperto, staminodio mystacino, columna processu magno bituberculato 
postice aucta. 

Cypripedium caricinum. Lindl. in Paxton's Flower Garden, vol. i. sub pi. 9. 

Selenipedium caricinum. Reich, fil. Xen. Orchid, v. I. p. 3. 

Cypripedium Pearcii, Hort. 



This singular Peruvian plant was received last year (1863) 
by Messrs. Veitch from their enterprising collector, Mr. Pearce, 
after whom I had provisionally named it, while under the im- 
pression that it was not only new to our gardens, but new to 
science as well. On proceeding however to collate the plant 
with the species enumerated by Lindley in Paxton's c Flower 
Garden' I found, under the name of C. caricinum, what could 
be none other than our present subject ; the description being 
taken from Bolivian specimens collected by Mr. Bridges. As 
the prior name of C. caricinum must of course be retained, that 
of Pearcii will have to be cancelled, a circumstance that I should 
have been more disposed to regret had not Mr. Pearce's name 
already been worthily associated with divers beautiful plants first 
discovered by himself. Dr. Lindley's specific name happily 
designates the grassy or sedge-like appearance of the plant, 
which in this respect, as well as in its long creeping rhizome, 
is entirely unlike any other Cypripedium with which , we are at 
present acquainted. It would be a Selenipedium, if Professor 
Reichenbach's genus of that name were accepted, but I quite 

SEPTEMBER 1ST, 1864. 



agree with Dr. Lindley that no sufficient case has yet been made 
out for any such separation of the South American species from 
the rest of the Cypripedia. 

C. caricinum flowered in May last in Messrs. Veitch's esta- 
blishment in the King's Road. It had been kept in a hot and 
moist stove, where it seemed to thrive ; but as its native habitat 
is in a comparatively cool and elevated region, it will probably 
succeed as well, or even better, under cool treatment. To such 
indeed it has already been subjected at Knypersley, where it is 
growing vigorously, though it has not yet flowered. Being a ter- 
restrial plant it should be potted in good fibrous peat, and if its 
travelling rhizomes are to have fair play it must have plenty of 
space. 

Descr. Whole plant about a foot high. Leaves stiff, resembling 
those of a sedge, and springing in tufts, at intervals of two or 
three inches, from a travelling above-ground rhizome. Scape rising 
clear of the leaves, furnished with two or three acute, slightly in- 
flated, smooth bracts, which are shorter than the ovary. Flowers 
three to six or more, expanding in succession, and for the most 
part of a pale greenish hue, except that the sepals and petals 
have a narrow white margin, while their extremities are tipped 
with purplish-brown. The sepals (the two lower coalescing into 
one) are broadly ovate, waved at the edges, and about the length 
of the lip. Petals hanging down, very narrow, more than twice 
the length of the sepals, much twisted. Lip of moderate size 
(i. e. not so much puffed out as in many of the other species), of 
an oblong form, open for about half its length, its upper edges 
spread out flat, so as to make a plateau, on which the sterile 
stamen (itself provided with two hairy processes, exactly resem- 
bling a pair of black moustaches) seems to rest. Column short, 
having on its under side a large roundish projecting callosity, 
with tubercles on either side. {J. Bateman.) 



Fig. 1. Front view of lip. 2. Front view of apex of column. 3. Side view 
of ditto : — magnified. 



5467. 




I 

WRtch.del.etlith 



Tfaicent Brooks,Irap. 



Tab. 5407. 
ERANTHEMUM Cooperi. 

Sir Daniel Cooper 's Eranthemum. 



Nat. Ord. AcanthacE/E. — Diandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 5440.) 



Eranthemum Cooperi; suffruticosum, ramis tetragonis, foliis brevipetiolatis 
anguste lanceolatis grosse subserrato-lobatis incisis, floribus geminatis axil- 
laribus, folio multo-brevioribus, calycis laciniis subaequalibus subulatis 
erectis, corollae albse tubo elongato gracili, limbo amplo bilabiato patente, 
labio superiore bi- inferiore tripartito, lobis oblongis medio lineatim purpureo- 
maculato, omnibus fere aequalibus. 



This very handsome and very distinct species of Eranthemum 
has been raised by Messrs. Veitch, from seeds given them by 
Sir Daniel Cooper, from New Caledonia, a fine island, of which 
the French Government is zealously exploring the natural 
history. Its flowers were produced in a warm greenhouse, in 
June, 1864. We possess in our herbarium, native specimens of 
the same plant gathered in the island of Aneiteum, by Milne 
and Macgillivray. 

Descr. This promises to be a moderate-sized sufFruticose 
plant, rather copiously branched, with opposite tetragonous 
branches. Leaves about three inches long by five lines wide, 
shortly petiolate, narrow-lanceolate, acuminate, gradually attenu- 
ate below, the margins inciso-lobate, the segments sharp and point- 
ing forwards. Pedicels short, two springing from the axils of the 
leaf, tinged with purple upwards. Calyx of five, erect, subulate 
segments, also tipped with purple. Tube of the corolla slender, 
elongated, white. Limb white, of two spreading lips, upper lip 
of two deep lobes, lower of three, of which the middle one is 
marked with small purple dots or spots, disposed in lines ; all 
the lobes oblong, obtuse or subspathulate, nearly equal. 



Fig. 1. Calyx and pistil. 2. Ovary and hypogynous gland and styled 
stigma : — magnified. 

SEPTEMBER 1ST, 1864. 



5468 







W.Bteh.deLetlith 



"\5ncent Brooks, Imp- 



Tab. 5468. 

GENETHYLLIS fimbriata. 

Thyme-leaved Genethyllis. 

Nat. Ord. Myrtace^e (sect. Cham^elauce^:). — Icosandria Monogyxia. 



Gen. Char. Calyx tubulosus, 5-costatus, dimidiatus, inferne ovario adnatus, 
basi carnosus, superius in faucem produetus, limbo obtuso, 5-detitato; totus 
laavis v. inferiore parte ovarium corticante rugulosus, vel rugis transverse paral- 
lelis in marginem liberum cartilagineum productis pluriaimulatis. Corolla sca- 
riosa vel membranacea, limbo calycis adnata ; petala 5, concava vel naviculari- 
carinata, in acumen obtusum extenuata, conniventia. Andronilis ultra calycis 
limbum .brevissimo, brevi, v. longiori spatio monadelpha, inferius inde contluens 
in laminam parieti faucis adnatam. Staminodia 10, staminibus totidem rite 
alterna, varise configurationis dentifonnia, subulata, liguliformia, petaloiilea, pne- 
floratione erecta. Filamenta staminodiis subaequalia v. loagiora, filiformia, 
praefloratione introflexa, antheris duplici serie, altiori et demissiori, fauci appli- 
catis. Antlierae globosae, connectivi simplicis/k>«^ inserts, bilocellatse, locellis 
subconfluentibus, virgineis leviter constrictis, poro postico dehiscentibus. Ova- 
rium calyci omnino immersum, vertice truncatum, laminaque epigyna indutuui. 
Ooula gemina paucave in placenta basifixa centrali erecta, anatropa. Stylus exser- 
tus, infra stigma barbatus, v. glabra. Fructus . . . . — Flores in apicibus ra- 
muloritm pauci vel numerosi, capitati, congesti, in axis dilatati receptaculiformis 
artolis sessiles v. pedicellati, bracteis slipali, internis hebetatis, extimis vero sape 
auctis coloratisque involucrum capituli exhibentibus . Bracetolae bines, libera, 
juxta calycis basin opposite, sessiles, membranacecB, naviculares, carinata, jtons 
primordi/im amplectentes, dein diveryentes, sub anthesi deciduce. Schauer. 



Genethyllis (InvolucratBe) fimbriata ; erecta ramosa glabra, foliis confertis 
plerumque oppositis decussatis ellipticis obtusis, supra convexis, subtus 
pallidis, margine ciliatis, capitulis terminalibus cernuis 8-10-floris, iavolucro 
campanulato pollicari, bracteis carinatis elliptico- v. ovato-oblongis margine 
fimbriatis, exterioribus ovatis herbaceis quadrifariam imbricatis, bracteolis 
lauceolatis acuminatis cariuatis tlores sessiles subfequantibus, calyce ovato- 
cylindrico basi lsevissimo crustaceo minute punctato, fauce contracte corru.- 
gata, lobis minutissimis, petalis ovatis acutis membranaceis, stammodus 
iiliformibus filamenta subulata Eequantibus, stylo filiformi, longe exserto 
apice bispido. Kipp. 

Genethyllis fimbriata. Kipp's Joiim. of Linn. Soc. v. 1. Bot.p. 49. 



A lovely shrub, as are all the species of the genus yet known 

SEPTEMBER 1ST, 1864. 



to us, a native of South-West Australia, discovered by Mr. J. 
Drummond, and sent home in his fifth distribution of Swan 
River plants ; subsequently found by Mr. Oldfield, at Stirling 
River. It has been introduced to our greenhouses by Messrs. 
Veitch, of the Chelsea Nursery, from whom we received the 
specimen here figured in June, 1864. It will be observed, that 
it is not the flowers which constitute the beauty of this plant, 
for they are small and insignificant, but the coloured involucral 
scales, resembling a large drooping bell-shaped flower. 

Descr. A small very bushy shrub, with alternate, terete, woody 
branches, and copious, decussated, and consequently quadrifari- 
ous, firm, obtuse, sessile, glanduloso-punctate leaves, three to four 
lines long, ciliated, patent, very much resembling some species of 
Thymus. Involucres three-quarters of an inch long, terminal, soli- 
tary, drooping, sessile, composed of numerous scales or bracts, of 
which the outer ones are the smaller and more foliaceous, larger 
than the leaves, imbricated, reflexed at the apex, and the inner 
or uppermost ones are very large and rose-coloured, so as to 
resemble petals ; these are oblong, obtuse, or retuse, all strongly 
fringed, and obscurely three-nerved. Flowers very small, included 
within the involucre and concealed by it. Florets each with a 
pair of small bracteoles, oblong, acute. Calyx with five acu- 
minate teeth. Style long, subulate, and terminating in a sharp 
stigma tufted with hair at the base. 



Fig. 1. Leaf. 2. Inner bract of the involucre. 3. Bracteoles and flower. 
4. Flower laid open. 5. Stamens and segment of a calyx : — magnified. 



5469. 




I 



/^- 







W.Fifcdi.deiet Mi. 





S*i 



Ymcent Brooks, Imp 



Tab. 5469. 
THLADIANTHA dubia. 

Dubious Tldadiantha. 



Nat. Ord. Cucttrbitace^. — Dkecia Pentandria. 

Gen. Char. Mores dioici ; masculi dimorphi, inpequales ; tubo calycino lata 
campauulato, sepalis majusculis complanatis ; m^omm petala fere libera, erecta, 
corollam campanulatam fingcntia, sepalis (ut plurimum reflexis) longiom. 
Anthera 5, dimidiatse, aequales, 1-loculares, rectse, filamcntis liberis, 4> per paria 
petalis 2 opposita?, quinta solitaria cum petalis 2 alternante. Appendicula brevis, 
petaloidea, obtusa, discum centralera horizontaliter tegens. Floram mane, mi-' 
norum : petala sepalis breviora; anlkerce, at videtur, steriles. Fl. fmminei : calyx 
et corolla masculi. Styli 3, breves ; stigmatibus reniformi-capitatis. Bacca 
oblonga, pulposa, sub-12-costata, inter costas lacunosa. Sembia numerosa, mul- 
tiseriata, obovoidea, compressa ; testa Crustacea, lacunosa, pulpa induta. {De- 
script, partini ex Naudino.) 



Thladiantha dubia. Bunge, En. PL Chin. Bor. 29. Nandin in Aimaiet des 
Sc. Nat., fcr. -i. v. 12. p. 150. 



According to a notice in the ' Gardeners' Chronicle' for 1861, 
p. 845, this very remarkable plant forms a large rambling climber, 
covering trellis-work and bushes to a considerable height in the 
Jardin des Plantes at Paris. We received our plant from Messrs. 
Henderson and Co., of Wellington Road Nursery, and it flowered 
freely' in a cool pit ; but, as is the case both with the Parisian 
specimens and with those first described by Bunge (the author 
of the genus), all the flowers produced have been males. Ac- 
cording to Bunge the species was discovered by himself in waste 
places near Pekin ; and Naudin, who has re-described the genus 
in the * Annales des Sciences Naturelles,' states that the seeds 
were received by the Imperial Jardin d'Acclimatation from China. 
On comparing the specimens with our herbarium, we find a 
closely allied plant gathered by Drs. Hooker and Thomson in 
the Sikkim Himalaya and Khasia mountains, from 5-6000 feet 
elevation, together with drawings of both the male and female 
flowers and fruit, made by Dr. Hooker (from which our figures 
3 to 8 are copied). There is however this difference between 
the Himalayan and Chinese male flowers, that the Himalayan 

OCTOBER 1st, 1864. 



ones are surrounded at the base by laciniated bracts. This, which 
at first sight appears a most important difference, is in reality 
not so, for in another most closely allied species, of which we 
have a drawing, both naked and bracteate male flowers are re- 
presented as springing from the same axil, and in still older plants 
of the Order, as Momordica tubiflora, Roxb. (Fl. Ind. 711), the 
young plants produce solitary flowers, and the older ones longer 
peduncled flowers with gashed bracts. Under these circum- 
stances we have ventured to introduce the figures (3 to 8) of 
the female flower, fruit, and seed from Dr. Hooker's drawings 
and dried specimens, with the object of better illustrating the 
genus. 

Professor Oliver was much struck with this graceful climber 
in the Parisian Gardens, and thus remarks upon it in the * Gar- 
deners' Chronicle' for September, 1864, p. 345: — "You notice 
this Cucurbit in 1861, p. 848, as having been then recently in- 
troduced by the French Acclimatization Society. I wonder if your 
notice attracted the attention of English floriculturists to it. 
Pew things which I saw in a recent visit to the Botanic Gardens 
of Paris, Lyons, and Grenoble, pleased me more than this 
plant. In the experimental gardens of the Jardin des Plantes, 
it grows like a weed, covering everything in its way with a pretty 
foliage of velvety, heart-shaped leaves, and a profuse abundance 
of beautiful, bell-shaped, yellow flowers. There can be no doubt 
that in the south of England, at any rate, it would grow well 
enough out-of-doors. In the north, if too cold, it would be a 
valuable addition as a greenhouse climber." 

Descr. A tall scrambling climber, of a bright pale-green co- 
lour, uniformly clothed with a rather stiff pubescence. Branches 
very slender. Tendrils simple. Leaves broadly ovate-cordate, with 
a very deep closed sinus at the base, irregularly toothed. Mowers 
solitary, axillary, on slender hispid peduncles, bright-yellow. 
Calyx of five reflexed linear-oblong lobes. Corolla campanulate, 
five-lobed to the base, lobes channelled and obtusely ribbed, ob- 
tuse, glabrous ; at the base of the corolla is a small unilateral 
scale which projects over the central hairy disk. Stamens five, 
four in pairs opposite two of the petals, one opposite the union 
of two petals. Anthers linear-oblong, extrorse. Female flowers 
like the male. Ovary narrow-oblong, tomentose ; stigmas three, 
with capitate reniform stigmas. Berry oblong, with about 
twelve elevated ribs, very succulent, eaten by the natives. Seeds 
in about twelve rows, covered with pulp. 



Pig. 1. Male plant. 2. Flower, cut open,— natural size. 3. Female flower. 
4. Ovary. 5. Berry. 6. Transverse section of ditto. 7 and 8. Seed -.—all 
natural size. Figs. 3 to 8 all from the Himalayan specimens. 



5470. 




W.Titdi.del.etlith. 



Yincoit Brooks. Imp- 



Tab. 5470. 
DENDROBIUM nodatum. 

Knotted-stemmed Dendrobium, 



Nat. Ord. Orchide^e. — Gynandria Monandria. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 5303.) 



Dendrobium nodalum ; caulibus elongatis gracilibus ramosis articiilatis apiec 
foliosis, ad articidos insigniter nodosis, foliis paucis oblongis, flovibus soli- 
tarns (an semper?), perianthio ochrolenco, sepalis oblongis, petalis latiorilnis 
brevioribnsqne, calcare brevi obtuso, labello unguiculato rhombeo-ovato 
acuto 3-lobo, lobis lateralibns brevibus obtusis incurvis, lobo medio amplo 
glabro integro, disco aurantiaco, margine apiceque albo. 

Dendrobium nodatum, Rekhenb.jil. ms. 



This charming Dendrobium is a Moulmein plant, sent by Mr. 
Parish to Messrs. Hugh Low and Co., of the Clapton Nursery, 
whence flowering specimens were forwarded in 1862 to Pro- 
fessor Reichenbach, who, finding the species to be undescribed, 
gave it the very characteristic name of ' nodalum? doubtless 
in allusion to the prominent ■ nodes ' into which the stems are 
divided. I am not aware that the Professor has yet published 
any technical description of the plant. 

"D. nodatum is a free and rapid grower, and speedily produces 
dense tufts of its singular knotty stems. These unfortunately 
lose their leaves before the gay flowers, which are always single 
{i.e. not in pairs or racemes), make their appearance, a circum- 
stance that points to the desirableness of giving the plant a de- 
cided season of growth and rest. Hitherto the flowers have been 
produced at irregular times, and less profusely than in its native 
country, but I apprehend that, as is the case with some other 
Dcndrobia, we shall find that the stems when two or three years 
old, will bloom more freely than when of more tender age." — J. B. 
Descr. Sterna, rather than pseudobulbs, nearly a foot long, 
slender, branched, articulated, rooting at the joints, and there 
singularly nodose or swollen. leaves upon the younger shoots 
mostly terminal, two to three inches long, oblong and obtuse. 
Flowers on the old stems, from which the leaves have fallen, 

OCTOBER 1st, 1864. 



solitary in our specimen, the short single-flowered pedicel spring- 
ing from a nodose joint towards the apex of the stem, and pass- 
ing gradually into the club-shaped inferior ovary. Sepals and 
petals ochroleucous, spreading ; the former oblong, obtuse; the 
latter similar to them, but shorter and broader. Spur short, 
very obtuse. Lip projecting, about equal in length to the petals, 
unguiculate, clawed (a white callous disk on the claw), three- 
lobed, the side-lobes short, rounded, incurved with a deep blood- 
coloured spot at the base ; the middle lobe very large, subrhom- 
boid, acute, the whole slightly sprinkled with hairs, deep-orange, 
with a white margin and apex ; column short, but very decurrent, 
white, variously spotted in front with green and purple. Anther- 
case purple. 



Tig. 1. Column and anther. 2. Front view of the labellura. 3. Pollen- 
masses. 



5471. 




W.RtcKdfil.etlith 



Tab. 5471. 
CYANOTIS NODIFLORA. 

Nodose-foioered Cyanotis. 



Nat. Ord. Commelyne^e. — Hexandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Mores subregulares. Sepala 6 ; exteriora subasqualia, navicularia, 
basi connata, persisteutia ; interiora longiora, petaloidea, per ungues connata 
(calyx interior infundibularis, limbo trifido), caduca. Stamina 6, subsequalia, 
subhypogyna, vix basi tubi adlvderentia ; filamerda longissima, apicem versus bar- 
bata. Antherce conformes, biloculares ; locidis parallelis, contiguis (divaricatis, 
connexivum marginantibus, Endl.). Ovarium sessile, triloculare; ovulis in 
singulo loculo geminis, superpositis (collateralibus, Br. Endl.), sessilibus, supe- 
riore adscendente, inferiore descendente. Stylus 1, apice iucrassatus (Endl.). 
Stigma excavatum (Endl., tubulosum, Bon). Capsula trigona, triloeularis, mem- 
branacea, trivalvis ; valvis medio septiferis. Semina bina, superposita, angulata. 
— HerbcD annua vel perennes, plerumque diffusa ei repentes. Folia integra, basi 
vaginantia ; vagina integra. Flores in pedunculis longiusculis axillaribus et ter- 
minalibus spicato-congesti, folio spathaceo cordato-complicato invo/ucrati, singuli 
extus unibracteati ; bracteis falcatis, bifariam imbricatis ; interdum flores in axil* 
lis foliorum per geminos ternos vel plures conglomerate bracteis interslincti. 
Calyx interior caruleus vel purpureis. Ktk. 



Cyanotts nodijlora ; caulibus erectis simplicibus vel subramosis, superne sub- 
flexuosis ; foliis lanceolatis acutis supra pilosiusculis, subtus vaginisque vil- 
loso-pilosis, superioribus gradatim minoribus, spathseformibus ; floribus in 
axillis foliorum floralium spicato-conglomeratis, subsessilibus, singulis extus 
bracteatis, bracteis e basi lata lanceolatis, floribus purpureo-violaceis, sta- 
minibus longe exsertis, villosissimis. 

Cyanotis nodifiora. Kth. Enum. Plant, v. 4. p. 106. 

Tradescantia nodifiora. Lain. Encycl. v. 2. p. 371. Poir. Encycl. Suppl. v. 2. 
p. 372. Pcem. et Sch. Syst. Veget. v. l.p. 1157. 

Commelina speciosa. Thunb. II. Cap. p. 294. 

Tradescantia formosa, Willd. Sp. PI. v. 2. p. 20. 



A pretty Commelynaceous plant from South Africa, long 
known in herbaria, but recently introduced into our conserva- 
tories by William Wilson Saunders, Esq., through his collector, 
Mr. Cooper. The genus has been separated from Tradescantia 
by Don, and adopted by Endlicher and Kunth; and embraces 
two groups, of which one is represented by the T. cristata of 

OCTOBER 1st, 1864. 



Jacquin, figured, but very indifferently, in an early volume of the 
' Botanical Magazine,' t. 1435, while our present plant may be 
considered the type of the other. To this also will, no doubt, be- 
long the Tradescantia tumida, Lindl. Bot. Beg. for 1840, t. 42. 
Gt/anotis nodiflora is a ready flowerer, blooming in June in an 
ordinary greenhouse. 



Fig. 1. Lower leaf of the plant, — natural size. 2. Entire flower. 3. Stamen. 
, Pistil : — all magnified. 



5tf2. 




WFit^AeLeCTitk 



\fnceitLBrooiks,Itnp. 



Tab. 5472. 

VITIS Bainesit. 

Bainess Gouty Vine. 



Nat. Ord. Am¥elide;e. — Tetrandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char, (including Cissus, Linn.). Calyx lsevis, integer vel 4~5-dentatus. 
retala 4-5, libera v. apice calyptratim cohserentia. Discus varius v. obsoletus. 
Stamina 4-5, infra marginem disci inserta ; anthera liberse. Ovarium ovoideum 
v. subquadratum, 2-loculare (interdura imperfecte), rarissime 3-4-loculare. 
Stylus v. brevis, conicus vel subulatus; ovula in loeulis 2. Bacca ovoidea 
vel globosa, 1-2-locularis ; loeulis 1-2-spermis. — Frutices cirrhosi, sarmentosi, 
s&pe alte scandentes. Folia simplicia vel composita, rarissime bipinnata, foliolis 
mtegerrimis serratis v. dentatis nunc pellucido-punctata. Pedunculi oppositifolii 
v. rarissime axillares, s&pissime versus apices ramulorum siti. Flores parvi, um- 
oellati, cymosi paniculati racemosi v. spicati, ebracleati, non raro polygami. 
Renth. et Hook. 



Vitis Bainesii ; succulenta, glauca, trunco ovato carnoso napiformi, ramis sub- 
spithamseis erectis simplicibus ecirrhosis ; foliis ternatis breviuscule petio- 
latis (infimis nunc simplicibus), foliolis ovatis oblongisve grosse insequa- 
liter serratis penniveniis (venis subtus prominentibus), stipulis binis oppo- 
sitis subulato-lanceolatis, pedunculis terminalibus longitudine caulis, floribils 
cymosis, pedicellis glandulosis, petalis coheerentibus ealyptrifonmbus vei 
demum patentibus. 



I believe botanists have generally agreed that Cissus and Vitis 
constitute but one genus, hardly affording sectional characters. 
Recent researches in tropical Western Africa have made known 
to us a remarkable form of this genus, with a very podagrous 
stem, and short, very succulent leafy branches, of which the Cissus 
macropus of Angola and Benguella, admirably described by Dr. 
Welwitsch in the ' Journal of the Proceedings of the Linnasan 
Society' for September, 1864, p. 77, must be considered the 
type. The description is prefaced by some admirable remarks 
on the Ampelidece of the countries just mentioned. " Among the 
numerous groups of plants," says this accomplished botanist, 
" which more or less affect the physiognomy of the vegetation of 
Western Africa, the Ampelidece hold a prominent position. They 
are interesting also to phytographists, from the fact that the nu- 

october 1st, 1864. 



merous species of Cissus {Vitis), by their varied habit and mode 
of growth, characterize the three great botanical regions into 
which, in my opinion, the district of Angola and Benguela 
must be divided. The entire number of species of Ampelidea 
found by me in the above-named countries amounts to about 
forty (in which, however, are included two species of Leea), and 
a very remarkable plant, which occurs upon the high sandy 
plains of the district of Ambaca, and which ought probably to 
constitute a new genus. These forty species of Ampelidem are 
spread over a space of 300 miles from east to west, commencing 
with the burning sandy steppes of the Atlantic coast region, and 
extending into the richly wooded, cool, elevated plains of the 
interior. Throughout this space the number of species increases 
gradually, and the number of individuals becomes continually 
greater. With regard to their geographical distribution, it is 
found that the species with thick, sappy, fleshy stems preponde- 
rate in the littoral regions (0-1600 feet alt.); those with elon- 
gated, ticining stems, in the region of the primeval forests ; and 
the species with upright, scarcely ticining stems, in the highest 
region of the elevated plains of the interior. Thus, the species 
' caule stante' are very rare in the littoral region, whilst almost 
all the species which are found in the region of the elevated 
plains exhibit a short upright stem, without any tendency to 
scramble or to climb." 

We are favoured by Dr. Welwitsch with a living plant of his 
Cissus macropus, which has flowered, and will by-and-by appear 
in our pages ; at the same time another of the same remarkable 
group has been sent to us from Nam aqua Land by another 
distinguished African traveller and artist, Thomas Baines, Esq. 
Its turnip-like trunk is 18 inches in circumference, but differs 
remarkably, besides other characters, from C. macropus, in having 
the leaves ternate, not quinate ; and it is further remarkable 
that, as Welwitsch's plant inhabits the region where Welwitschia 
mirabilis grows in Benguela, so our Vitis Bainesii is found, we 
believe, in the region of the Namaquas, where Mr. Baines also 
found the Welwitschia. 

Vitis Bainesii requires the protection of a warm stove, and it 
flowered in July, 1864. 



Fig. 1. Entire flowering specimen, — much reduced in size. 2. Portion of a 
flowering branch,— natural size. 3. Bud and flower. 4. Calyx and pistil, with 
the large hypogynal glands. 5. Petals in a state of cohesion, hence calyptri- 
form i — all more or less magnified. 



5m- 




WErtch.,deLet.]rth 



Vincent Brooks, Itnp- 



Tab. 5473. 
AMPHIBLEMMA cymosum. 

Cymose Amphiblemma. 

Nat. Ord. Melastomace^e. — Decandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Flos pentamerus. Calycis tubus oblongo-carapanulatus ; limbus 
dilatatus, membranaceus, mollis ; deutibus triangularibus subacutis paulo infra 
apicera denticulo externo minuto instructis. Petala ovata aut obovata, apicu- 
lata. Stamina 10, alternatim insequalia et heteromorpka ; antheris lineari- 
subulatis 1-porosis, 5 majorat* connectivo infra loculos longe producto arcuato 
gracdi ultra filamenti insertionem in appendicem truncatarn aut saltern obtusani 
porrecto, minormn infertilium infra loculos nullo aut subnullo. Ovarium toto 
arabitu et fere usque ad apicem adhserens 5-loculare, apice merabranula margi- 
natum. Stylus fdiformis, stigmate obtuso puuctiformi. Placenta product*, fa- 
melliformes. Naud. 



Amphiblemma cymosum. 

Amphiblemma cymosum. Naud. Melastom. in Ann. des Sciences Nat. 3d Ser. 
v. 15. p. 51. 

Melastoma cymosum. Be Cand. Prodr. v. 3. p. 147. Vent. Hort. Malm. 1. 14. 
Melastoma corymbosum. Sims, Bot. Mag. t. 904. 



A very handsome tropical African Melastomaceous plant, which 
we believe to be identical with the Melastoma corymbosum of 
Sims, 1. c. ; but there being no analysis of flowers there, and the 
fact of its now constituting a distinct genus, are circumstances 
which may justify us in giving a more perfect figure and descrip- 
tion. It is a stove-plant, and has been sent to us by the late 
Mr. Barter, Government Botanist in the last Niger Expedition, 
under Commander Baikie. 

Descr. Our living plant has attained a height of five feet, 
moderately branched, the branches terete, the young ones her- 
baceous, all of them glabrous. Leaves large and handsome, five 
to six inches long {on petioles two to three inches long), cordate- 
ovate, shortly acuminate, glabrous, seven- to nine-nerved, rich 
satiny green, paler beneath, the margins sharply dentate-serrate. 
Corymbs terminal, branching, spreading; pedicels thickened. 
Calyx suburceolate, five-lobed, lobes thick, ovate-triangular, 

OCTOBER 1st, 1364. 



purple, ciliated at the apex. Ovary five-celled, crowned just 
within the mouth of the calyx with five large emarginate scales, 
ciliato- dentate at the edge. Petals rather large, bright purple, 
oval, paler beneath. Stamens ten, alternately smaller. Fi- 
laments of the larger ones branched, with the lesser branch 
short, and sub-four-lobed : simple in the smaller ones, and 
bearing a sterile linear anther. Anther of the fertile stamen 
linear-acuminate, with one pore at the extremity. Style filiform. 
Stigma obtuse. 



Fig. 1. Petal. %. Sterile and fertile stamens. 3. Calyx, including the pistil. 
4. Portion of the calyx removed, showing the epigynous scales. 5. Transverse 
section of an ovary : — magnified. 



.. 






Sitllf. 



<&Jrl 



- 



! V S 






&f. 



A 



1% 




\ I 



• - 







n 





Wfttx^deLetlith. 



"Vincent BroobJtnp 



Tab. 5474. 
LINUM Macraei. 

Macrae s Linum. 



Nat. Ord. Line^e (Tribe Eulinea;). — Pentandria Pentagynia. 

Gen. Char. Sepala quinque, integra. Petala 5, contorta, fugacia. Stamina 
basi coalita, bypogyna, antherifera 5, petalis alterna, staminodiis totidera minutis 
vel setiformibus interjectis. Glandule 5, parvae, tubo stamineo extus adnataj, 
petalis oppositas. Ovarium 5-loculare, loculis biovulatis, spurie subbilocellatis ; 
sty li 5. liberi v. rarius plus minus coaliti, stigmatibus capitatis oblongis v. lineari- 
bus. Capsula septicide 5-valvis, 5-locularis, loculis imperfecte septatis, disper- 
mis v. septo perfecto fissili 10-cocea, coccis monospermis. Seminum albumen 
parcum ; embryo rectus. — Herbse nonnunquam suffrutescentes, glabra: v. rarius 
pubescentes. Stipulse v. glanduliformes. Folia alterna v. rarissime opposita, 
at/gtista, integerrima, 1-qo -nervia. Plores in racemos terminates v. axillares, 
nunc laxe racemoso-subcymaformes, nunc in capitula spicas v.fasciculos contractor 
dispositi,Jlavi, ccerulei v. rarius sanguinei v. albi. Benth. et I£ook. 



Lincm Macraei ; glabrum, caulibus adscendentibus basi lignescentibus, ramis 
erectis alternis fasciculatis, foliis lanceolatis basi eglandulosis acutissimis, 
inferioribus suboppositis, superioi'ibus alternis, floribus copiosis subcorym- 
boso-paniculatis aureis, stylis infra basin liberis, stigmatibus capitatis, 
capsulis acute mucronatis. 

Linum Macraei. Benth. in Bot. Reg. sub 1326. 



About eighty species of the genus Linum are considered by 
Messrs. Bentham and Hooker to inhabit the temperate and ex- 
tratropical region of the two hemispheres ; but it must be con- 
fessed that many of them are difficult of determination, and are 
probably liable to considerable variation ; of these, four are de- 
scribed as natives of Chili, in Claude Gay's ' Flora Chilensis,' 
but that author has omitted to notice the L. Chamissonis of 
Schlechtendal, in Linnsea, for 1826. Our present species is also 
a native of Chili, having been detected at Lota by Mr. Pearce, 
collector for the Messrs. Veitch ; and it was, we believe, exhi- 
bited at one of the Horticultural Society's exhibitions, under 
that name in July of the present year ; but on further examina- 
tion it proves to be the L. Macraei of Mr. Bentham, perhaps 
the most floribund and the most showy of all the species of the 
genus. That author justly remarks that the flowers are of the 

OCTOBER 1st, 1864. 



same size as those of L. maritimum or L. tenuifolium, and that 
in habit the- plant resembles the L. Africanum, from which it 
differs chiefly in the shorter leaves, less frequently opposite, and 
by the conformation of the styles. Mr. Macrae gathered it at 
Valparaiso. This species also is omitted by M. Claude Gay. 



Fig. 1, Calyx and pistil. 2. Pistil, separate from the calyx : — magnified. 



,>.>//>. 




Lei etALth.. 



^fincent Brooks, Imp 



Tab. 5475. 

RENANTHERA Lown. 

Mr. Lows Benanthera. 



Nat. Ord. Orciiidaceje. — Gynandria Diandria. 
Gen. Char. {Fide supra, Tab. 2997-2998.) 



Eenanthera Loicii; caulibus robustis subramosis altissime scandentibus, foliis 
coriaceis ligulatis retusis, spicis siniplicibus longissimis pendulis flaccidis 
multifloris, floribus heterogeneis, sepalis petalisque ssepius lanceolatis un- 
dulatis acutis sed in floribus (duobus) versus basin spicse sitis sepalis 
petalisque carnosis obtusis. 

Renanthera Lowii. Reichenb. Xenia,p. 89. 

Vanda Lowii. Lindl. Gard. Chron. 1847,/?. 239. 



A more remarkable plant than the subject of the present 
Plate is not to be found among the vast and varied tribe to 
which it belongs. While in stateliness of habit and in the length 
of its flower- spikes it stands quite unrivalled among the Orchids 
of the Eastern world, its greatest peculiarity is to be found in 
the constant occurrence of two entirely distinct forms of flower 
on the same spike. This extraordinary circumstance was first 
observed by Professor Reichenbach, who satisfied himself, after 
a careful examination of fresh specimens furnished from M. 
Reichenheim's garden, that the strange phenomena had nothing 
to do with the separate production of male or female blossoms, 
since the organs in either form were equally perfect. Neither is 
this strange dimorphism to be classed with such fantastic changes 
as have been observed in Cycnoches, Catasetam, and the like, of 
which sundry examples arc given in the 'Botanical Register' 
and the ' Orchidaceai of Mexico and Guatemala/ In those in- 
stances certain alien forms were associated with flowers of the 
normal type, but they appeared capriciously, and might be re- 
garded as a sort of monstrous birth. In the present case, how- 
ever, nothing can be set down to caprice, for that singular pair 
of tawny flowers is found, as represented in the Plate, at the 
base of every spike ! 

This wonderful Orchid is a native of Borneo, whence it was 
originally sent to the late Mr. Low, of the Clapton Nursery, by 

NOVEMBER 1ST, 1864. 



his son (Colonial Treasurer at Labuan), in whose honour the 
species was named by Dr. Lindley. It has also been imported 
by Messrs. Veitch, in whose Nursery at Chelsea I first had the 
pleasure of seeing the plant in bloom. It was not however until 
the autumn of the year 1862, when the species flowered in Mr. 
Rucker's collection (where our drawing was made), that any 
adequate idea could be formed of its beauty. A full account 
was published in the ' Gardeners' Chronicle ' at that time, which 
would apply equally to Mr. Rucker's plant as it might have 
been seen in September last, when it again burst into flower, and 
if possible in greater beauty, and profusion than before. 

I gather from a memorandum received from Mr. Pilcher, Mr. 
Rucker's gardener, that the Wandsworth plant is already nine 
feet high, and that it produced six spikes, each bearing from 
forty to fifty flowers, which lasted in perfection for a month. 
The spikes attained to such an extraordinary length that they 
had to be supported on props, and thus formed graceful festoons, 
under which a person might walk ! The plant requires the heat 
of the East Indian house, and grows so freely that it seems almost 
to chafe at the comparatively narrow scope which the low roofs 
of modern Orchid-houses afford it. 

Dr. Lindley, who had only seen the specimens originally sent 
from Borneo, referred our plant to Vanda, but Reichenbach, 
who more recently had the advantage of examining living flowers, 
is decidedly of opinion that it falls more properly under the 
genus Renanthera ; and as in this case I quite concur in the view 
of the German Professor, I have not hesitated to substitute the 
name of Renanthera for that of Vanda Zowii. — /. B. 

Descr. Steins caulescent, an inch thick, climbing to a great 
height, and bearing numerous leathery strap-shaped obliquely- 
obtuse leaves eighteen inches to three feet long. Floioer-spikes 
hanging down, issuing from the upper portions of the stems, 
slightly hairy, attaining the length of from six to twelve feet, and 
bearing from thirty to fifty flowers. Flowers of two kinds on 
the same spike, the lowest pair being always of a tawny-yellow 
colour enlivened with crimson dots, while the remainder are of a 
pale-green, almost hidden on the inner side by large irregular 
blotches of reddish-brown. On the ordinary flowers the sepals 
and petals are waved lanceolate and acute, but on the lower pair 
they are shorter and blunter and more fleshy. Lip less than 
half the length of the sepals, very fleshy, ovate, beaked with a 
small horn in front and five parallel ridges along the disk of the 
interior. Column very short and blunt. 



lig. 1. Seduced view of plant in flower. 2. Leaf,— nat. size. 3. Portion of 
flower-spikes, ditto. 4. Side view of lip and column. 5. Front view of ditto. 
6. Pollen-masses -.—haujuijied. 



tm 




WRuMsLetlith 



"Vincent Brooks, Imp . 



Tab. 5476. 

MASDEVALLIA civilis. 

Tufted Masdevattia. 



Nat. Ord. Orchide^. — Gynandria Monantiria. 

Gen. Char. Pei'igonii foliola exteriora in tubum connata, apiee libero Ionge 
lingulata ; interiors libera, nana. Labellum cum columna articulatum, sessile, 
oblongum, coneavum, nanum. Columna incurva, semiteres. Anthera bilocu- 
laris, terminalis, opercularis. Pollinia 2, integra, caudiculis duabus fdiforaribus, 
elastice replicatis, glandtdm conies) affixa. — Herbs) Peruana, epiphytes; rhizo- 
mate parvo repente ; foliis oblongo-lanceolatis, basi in petiolum angudatis ; scapis 
radiealibus unifloris ; floribus majusculis. Midi. 



Masdevallia civilis; canlibus dense casspitosis teretibus vaginatis unifoliatis, 
folio lineari-oblongo acuto basi sensim attennato, pedunculis brevibus radi- 
ealibus unifloris, sepalis in tubum amplum inferno gibboso-calcaratum, api- 
cibus longe subulatis subrecurvis, petalis oblique oblongo-spatlmlatis labelli 
longitudine ei'ectis, labello ad basin columns) decurrentis articulato erecto 
oblongo parum concavo carnoso medio lineis duabus versus apicem lineis 
tribus elevatis, dorso obtuse carinato, columns; apice bialato alis inflexis. 

Masdevallia civilis. Reichenb. fil. et Warszew. in Boupl. v. 2. p. 115, et M 
Walp. Ann. Pot. 8yd. v. 6. p. 190. 



Of the singular genus Masdevallia, to which this pretty Or- 
chideous plant belongs, very few species are yet figured, compared 
to what are at present known in books. One kind alone was 
known to the authors of the genus, Ruiz and Pavon ; three only 
to Dr. Lindley at the time his ' Genera and Species of Orchi- 
deous Plants ' appeared ; while thirty-six are now recorded by 
Reichenbach fil. in Walpers' 'Annates Botanices Systematica?. ' 
We owe the present species, which was discovered by Warszewicz 
in Peru, to the kindness of Mr. Schiller, of Hamburg, and who 
sent it to us as the M. civilis, Reich, fil. All that are known of 
the genus are of the New World. The only one yet figured in 
the 'Botanical Magazine' is the M. fenestrate at our Tab. 4164, 
where the sepals, besides being combined at the base into a 
tube, are united at the apex also, so as to leave a loophole as it 
were above the middle of the flower. 

NOVEMBER 1st, 1864. 



Descu. The stems (rather than pseudobulbs) are short, about 
two to three inches long, densely clustered, sheathed with scales, 
and each terminated by a fleshy leaf five to six inches long, 
linear-oblong, subacute, carinated at the back. Peduncles or 
scapes radical, one to one and a half inch long, sheathed with 
bracts. The solitary flower is set on to the peduncle obliquely 
by the short subturbinate ovary. Floiver moderately large. 
Sepals yellow, brownish at the base, internally deep purple at the 
base, and spotted upwards with the same colour, greenish at the 
spreading apices ; these sepals are united in the lower half into 
a tube rather longer than broad, very gibbous at the lower base, 
so as to form a blunt spur ; the segments or free lobes are subulate 
and moderately spreading. Petals small, white, spathulate, acute, 
the sides unequal, erect, and parallel with the column. Labellum 
jointed on to the base of the produced column and closely ap- 
plied to it, oblong, mottled and dotted with dark purple. Column 
white, equal in height with the petals, winged upwards, the 
wings incurved towards the stigma. Anther-case small. 



Fig. 1. Section of a flower, with the peduncle. 2. Column, with petals and 
lip in their natural position. 3. The same, with the lip forced back, to show the 
column and petals more distinctly : — magnified. 







Ymcerx-Broo- 



Tab. 5477. 

AQUILEGIA c^erulea. 

Long-spurred California* Columbine. 



Nat. Ord. Kanunculaceje. — Polyandria Pentagynii. 

Gen. Char. Calyx coloratus, pentaphyllus, a?qualis, foliolis acstivatione imbri- 
catis, deciduis. Corolla petala 5, hypogyna, bilabiata, hiantia, labio exteriore 
maxiino piano, inferiore minimo, deorsum in calcar cavum, apice callosum, inter 
calycis foliola exsertum producta. Stamina plurima, hypogyna, in phalanges 
5-10 disposita, intima abortiva, membranaceo-squamaeformia. Ovaria 5, libera, 
uniloeularia, ovulis ad suturam ventralem plurimis biseriatis. Capsules mem- 
branaceae, conniventes, stylis rostratae, intus longitudinaliter dehiscentes, poly- 
spermae. Semina oblique ovata, nitida. — Herbse in montibus Europe et Asia, in 
America boreali rarce, erectce tit plurimum ramosce ; foliis biternatis, radicalibus 
vel caulinis, inferioribus longe petiolatis ; floribus terminalibus solitariis, cceruleis, 
roseis, purpureis, albis vel interdum sordide flavis. Endl. 



Aquilegia ccerulea ; foliis radicalibus biternatis subtus prsecipue glaucis, foliolis 
late cuneatis lobatis, calcaribus rectiusculis gracilibus limbo cuneato sub- 
duplo longioribus, sepalis rhombeo-lanceolatis. 

Aquilegia cserulea. James, in Long's Exped. to the Rocky Mountains, v. 2. p. 
204 et p. 345 (Engl. ed). Torr. in Rocky Mount. PI. p. 164. Torr. et 
Grev. Ft. N. Am. v. l.p. 30. Walpers, Repert. Bot. v. 1. p. 51. 

Aquilegia macrantha. Hook, et Am. Bot. of Beech. Voy.p. 317. /. 72. 

Var. ochroleuca; floribus ochroleucis. (Tab. Nostb. 5477.) 

Aquilegia leptoceras. Nutt. in Journ. Acad. Philad. v. 7. p. 8 (not Fisch. et 
Mey.). Hook. Bot. Mag. t. 4407. 



We are glad to have an opportunity of figuring a very hand- 
some variety, that is the to-flowered (and we presume the 
normal-coloured) variety of a fine Rocky Mountain Columbine, 
already given in our Vol. XXIV. Tab. 407, under the name of 
Aquilegia leptoceras, and still more glad to be able to correct an 
error into which we have fallen, by restoring the original name 
of Mr. James (in Long's 'Travels in the Rocky Mountains,' I.e.) 
namely, that now accepted. Our first acquaintance with the living 
plant showed us that the flowers were white or cream-coloured, 
and we considered Nuttall's name most expressive. The name 

NOVEMBER 1ST, 1864. 



A. leptoceras we also find to have been given previously to 
another, and Siberian, species. We have now reason to know 
that, like our own A. vulgaris, the flowers are liable to vary in 
colour, and unquestionably the present variety is far more worthy 
a place in our gardens than that given before. It was this va- 
riety which led James to say, " It forms a splendid addition to 
the Flora of the United States ;" and our collector, Mr. Burke, 
who detected it about Fort Hall, remarks : " We have here a 
most beautiful Columbine, which I have never found elsewhere, 
growing at the foot of a hill in rich loamy soil in great abund- 
ance ; the flowers very large, beautifully white, variously tinged 
above with light blue. In my opinion it is not only the Queen of 
Columbines, but the most beautiful of all herbaceous plants." 



Fig. Ovaries, — magnified. 



S43S. 






WFitcMel etlith. 



^•ncentBrocks,Irrj. 



Tab. 5478. 
MIMULUS luteus, var. cuprea. 

Yellow Monkey-flower ; copper-coloured var. 



Nat. Ord. Scrophularine^:.' — Didynamia Angiospermia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 5423.) 



Mimulus luteus; glaber vel viscido-puberulus, caule adscendente v. erecto, 
foliis plerisque eroso-dentatis orbicularis ovatis suboblongisve inferioribus 
longc petiolatis sublyratis, superioribus sessdibus vel cordato-amplcxicaulibus 
plurinervibus, pedunculis folio longioribus, calycibus ovatis fructiferis in- 
flatis, dentibus ovatis supremo maximo, corollae amplas tubo calyce duplo 
saltern longiore. Bentli. 

Mimulus luteus. Linn. Sp. PI. p. 884; Bot. Mag. t. 1501, 3386,^ 3363; 
Bot. Reg. t. 1080 et 1796. Andr. Bot. Repos. t. 61. Jaca. Jil. Eclog. v. 1. 
t. 92. Benth. in Be Cand. Prodr. v. 10. p. 370. 

Mimulus guttatus. Be Cand. Cat. Hort. Monsp. p. 127. Reichenb. Ic. PI. 
Cult. t. 204. 

Mimulus variegatus. Lodd. Bot. Cab. t. 1872. 

Mimulus rivularis. Nutt. Joum. Acad. Philad. v. 7. p. 47- Lodd. Bot. Cab. 
t. 1575. 

Mimulus lyratus. Benth. Scroph. Lnd. p. 28 in adnot. 

Mimulus Smitbii. Lind. Bot. Reg. t. 1674. 

Var. cuprea; nana ctespitosa glabra, foliis subrhombeo-ovatis, floribus primum 
luteis demum cupreis. (Tab. Nostr. 5478.) 

Mimulus cupreus. Veitch, in Gard. Chron. 1864.^. 2. Regel, Gart.Fl. 1864. 
t. 422. 



We received a flowering plant of this from Messrs. Veitch, of 
the Royal Exotic Nursery, King's Road, Chelsea, in August of 
the present year, under the name of Mimulus cupreus. It had 
been sent to Messrs. Veitch by their collector, Mr. Pearce, from 
the Chilian Andes, at an elevation of six to seven thousand feet 
above the sea-level. Pretty as is this plant in its dwarf and com- 
pact habit, and in the varying colour of its flowers, — from a ful- 
vous-yellow in the newly-expanded blossoms to a rather bright 
copper-colour before they fade, — we are nevertheless satisfied it 



NOVEMBER 1ST, 1864. 



is only one of the many varieties of the Linnaean Mimulus luteus, 
of which species our Herbarium possesses copious specimens from 
the Pacific side of South and North America (often extending 
far inland on the mountains), through the whole of the cold and 
temperate regions of South America, commencing in the Andes 
of Maule Province in the south, avoiding the tropics, as far as 
we know, of Peru and Ecuador, but appearing again in Mexico 
(Orizaba, etc.) and California, and thence extending north through 
all British Columbia and the islands, to the Russian possessions 
of Sitka and Unalaskha. It seems to have attained its maxi- 
mum about the 49th parallel of north latitude, whence Dr. Lyall 
collected numerous specimens, many quite resembling the Chilian 
form here represented. 



Kg. 1. Calyx. 2. Pistil: — magnified. 



w ^M, 



S479. 




... 

VmcertiBrodkafoP 



Tab. 5479. 

vitis macropus. 

Gouty -stemmed Vine. 



Nat. Ord. Ajipelide^e. — Tetrandria Moxogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 5472.) 



Vitis rnacropus ; succulenta glauca, trunco ovato carnoso tiapiformi, ramis bre- 
vibus erectis simplicibus lierbaceis ecirrhosis, foliis 5-foliolatis (infiino trifo- 
liolato), foliolis ovato-ellipticis breviuscule petiolatis, junioribus praecipue 
albo-tomentosis undulato-plicatisqiie, stipulis binis oppositis lato-lanceolatis, 
floribus cymosis, petalis cobserentibus calyptriformibus. 

Cissui rnacropus. Welw. in Journ. Proceed, of Linn. Soc. v. S.p. 77. 



At our Tab. 5472 of this volume we gave a figure and descrip- 
tion of a very remarkable gouty-stemmed Vine of tropical Western 
Africa {V. Bainesii), accompanied by some interesting extracts 
from a recent account of Dr. Welwitsch of another and nearly 
allied species found by that gentleman, the Vitis (or Cissus,We\w.) 
rnacropus. Of this, which has also flowered at Kew, we now 
offer a figure, and the description we shall translate from the able 
author's own words. We received the plant from Dr. Welwitsch, 
who introduced the plant to the gardens at Lisbon, where, as 
with us, it flowered in April and May, a season which corresponds 
with the autumn in its native country, South Benguela. It 
there grows in brackish {subsalsis) rocky plains of the Serra dos 
Montes Negros, near Mossamedes, also in dry mountains of 
Giraul towards the east, at an elevation of four to six hundred 
feet above the sea-level. 

Descr. A dwarf tree, one to two and a half feet high, quite 
succulent. The trunk forms a large ovato-conical bulb towards 
the apex, bi-tribrachiate, covered with a smooth herbaceous- 
green hark and a whitish-brown pergamentaceous epidermis, 
which separates from the bark in lamellae as in the Birch-tree. 
Hoot consisting of long cylindrical subsimple fibres. Branches 
short, half to a foot and a half long, two to four inches thick, 
towards their apices dividing abruptly into branchtets producing 

NOVEMBER IsT, 1864. 



leaves and flowers, but no tendrils have been hitherto seen. 
Branchlets indistinctly striated and very patent, and, as well as 
the leaves and petioles while young, clothed with white arachnoid 
hairs, at length subglabrous, of the thickness of a finger, and, 
like the entire plant, abounding in aqueous juice. Leaves (at 
first plicate and albo-tomentose) long-petiolate, the lowest one 
on the branch tri-, the rest quinquefoliate. Leaflets ovate-ellip- 
tical or obovate, shortly petiolulate, unequally toothed, arachnoid- 
pubescent on both sides, the terminal one longer, petiolulate, 
four to five inches long, the lowest pair inequilateral at the 
base, the rest more or less cordate. Stipules two, at the base 
of the petiole, opposite, broad lanceolate, acuminate, deciduous. 
Peduncles, or by abortion terminal, about equal in length with the 
petioles, slightly striated, patent, slenderer than the petioles, 
dichotomo-ramulose, the branchlets obliquely erect, forming a 
broadish corymb. Flowers tetramerous, yellowish-green, rather 
small. Calyx very short, obsoletely dentate, the teeth sometimes 
scarcely distinguishable. Corolla of four petals, induplicate-val- 
vate. Petals fleshy, induplicate at the apex, cohering by pairs, 
calyptrate, deciduous, very cucullate at the apex, white, fugacious. 
Disk much developed, consisting of four columnar teeth, quite 
distinct from each other, obliquely truncate at the apex, auran- 
tiaco-glandulose, enlarged after the flowering. Stamens four. 
Antners obovate, incumbent, yellow. Ovary ovate or ovate-co- 
nical, longer than the tubercles of the disk, two- celled. Style, 
when flowering, as long as the stamens, firm, straight, terminated 
by a simple (not capitate !) stigma. Fruit, which I have not 
seen, said to be a berry, the size of a pea, reddish- violet. — Wel~ 
wit scli, I. c. 



Pig. 1. A very reduced figure of a flowering plant. 2. Upper part of a 
flowering branch with young leaf,— natural size. 3. Fullv-developed leaf,— 
natural size. 4. Flower-bud and fullv-developed flower. 5. Ovary, with its four 
large glands at the base. 6. Calyptrate state of the corolla -.—Figures 4-6 more 
or less magnified. 



SlgM. 



r r 




TmcentBro* 



Tab. 5480. 

ACMENA FLORIBUNDA. 

Copious-flowering Acmena. 



Nat. Ord. Myrtaceje. — Icosandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx tubo turbinate, cum ovario counato, limbo supero truocato, 
juniore subinvoluto. Corolla petala 5, calycis fauci inserta, minima, distantia, 
interdum nulla. Stamina plurima, calycis fauci inserta; fdamenta filiformia, 
libera; anthera biloculares, dorso inserta?, longitudinaliter dehiscentes. Ova- 
rium infemm, triloculare. Stylus brevis, simplex; stigma obtusum. Bacca glo- 
bosa v. ovalis, monosperma. Semen subrotundum, crassura. Emhryonis exal- 
buminosi cotyledones conferruminatae. — Frutex gluberrimus, in Nova Hollandia 
orientali extratropica indigena ; foliis exstipulatis, pellucido-punctatis, intcgerri- 
mis; cymis trifioris, in thyrsum terminalem paniculalum dispositis ; floribus 
albis. Endl. 



Acmena floribunda ; foliis pellucido-punctatis ovali-lanceolatis utrinque acumi- 
natis. 

Acmena floribunda. Be Cand. Prodr. v. 3. p. 262. 

Metrosideros floribunda. Sm. Trans. Linn. Soc. v. 3. p. 267. Vent. Mal- 
mais. t. 75. 

Angophora floribunda, G. Don. 

/?. elliptica ; foliis ellipticis acuminatis, bacca alba. Be Cand. I. c. 

Eugenia elliptica. Sm. I. c. p. 281. Sims, Bot. Mag. t. 1872. 

Eugenia Smitlrii. Poir. 

Myrtus Smithii. Spreng. Syst. Veget. v. i.p. 484. 



However beautiful and striking this plant (native of New 
South Wales) may be, loaded, too, as our tree, above twenty 
feet high, is, with its charming clusters of bright purple berries, 
its flowers are quite unattractive, and perhaps amongst the 
smallest and inconspicuous of all the Myrtle tribe. These 
flowers appear, like those of many other Australian trees and 
shrubs, in the winter season, and the berries succeed them in 
the early spring, causing the extremities of the slender branches 
to bend down by their weight. The tree is too large, however, 
for successful cultivation in an ordinary greenhouse, but well 
suited to our winter garden. De Cando'lle, I think with justice, 
refers Sir James Smith's Eugenia elliptica to this species, con- 

OECEMBER 1ST, 1864. 



sidering it a variety with white berries and broader foliage, de- 
pending on the paler or almost white colour of the berries. This 
Eugenia eUiptica is figured by Sims in the ' Botanical Magazine,' 
1. c. ; but the figure does not do justice to the species, and is 
destitute of flowers, while, on the other hand, the fruit was un- 
known to Ventenat, who has well represented a flowering speci- 
men. 

Descr. A tree in our conservatory, attaining a height of 
twenty feet, and very much resembling a gigantic large-leaved 
Myrtle {Myrtus communis). Leaves very dark-green, two to 
three inches long, ovato-lanceolate, acuminate, pellucido-punctate, 
short-petioled. Panicles terminal, thyrsoid. Floicers very small. 
Calyx turbinate or subsemiglobose, with five very indistinct 
teeth. Petals quite minute, elliptical-cuneate, erect, much shorter 
than the numerous stamens. Ovary incorporated with the fleshy 
base of the calyx, which eventually becomes a globose, rich- 
purple subpellucid berry, the size of a large pea, umbilicated at 
the summit, of an acid flavour, but destitute of aroma. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. The same, cut through vertically, showing the stamens 
and style. 3. Ovary, cut through transversely : — magnified 



J4SI 




Tab. 5481. 
arauja angustifolia. 

Narrow-leaved Arauja. 



Nat. Orel. Asclepiade^e. — Gynandria Pentandria. 

Gen. Char. Sepala latiuscula, persistentia, accrescentia. Corolla campanu- 
lata, tubo inferne ventricoso, limbo 5-fido, lobis conniventibus v. reflexis. Corona 
staminea inclusa, subcoronaeformis, 5-pbylla ; foliolis dorso corolla; tubo adnatis. 
Gynostegium sessile v. subsessile. Anthera membrana terrainatae. Polliuia 
corapresso-clavata, funiculis latiusculis. Stigma bifidum, laciniis hinc planis. 
Ovula plurima. Folliculi patentes, coriaceo-rugosi. Semina carnosa. — Suffru- 
tices volubiles, Americani. Folia bad glandulifera. Pedunculi axillares v. extra- 
axillares, \-pluriJlori,jioribus cymosis v. racemosis. Corolla? suaveolentes. Becne. 
in Be Cand. Prodr. — Physianthus, Mart, et Zucc. Bot. Mag. t. 3201. 



Arauja angustifolia ; glaberrima ; caulibus gracilibus, foliis anguste lanceolato- 
hastatis v. e basi late auriculato anguste et longe lineari-subulato acumi- 
nata, medio albo-lineata, subtus glauca, auriculis transversis obtusissimis, 
pedunculis 1-rloris, corolla cylindraeeo-campanulata, lobis patenti-recurvis 
ovatis acutis. 

Arauja angustifolia. Becne. in Be Cand. Prodr. v. S.p. 534. 

Physianthus angustifolius. Hook, et Am. Joum. Bot. 1834. p. 292. 

Arauja Megapotamica. Bon, Gen. Syst. Gard. v. 4. p. 149. 

Physianthus Megapotamicus. Spr. Syst. App. 111. 



A graceful, rather glaucous climber, of which seeds were re- 
ceived at the Royal Gardens from M. Gibert, of Montevideo, 
from whom also we have dried specimens collected near that 
town. The plant was discovered in the forests of Uruguay, by 
Tweedie, from whom we received the originally-described speci- 
mens, and others since then from Sir C. J. F. Bunbey, Bart., 
collected by the late Mr. Fox. 

Descr. A slender, graceful climber, everywhere quite gla- 
brous ; the stems, branches, and leaves below more or less 
glaucous. Leaves one to one and a half inch long, variable in 
breadth, usually more or less halbert-shaped, consisting at the 
base of two broad, spreading, rounded, obtuse lobes, and a long, 
straight, narrow, acuminate, middle lobe, bright-green above, 

DECEMBER 1ST, 18G4. 



with a broad white band down the middle ; petiole half an inch 
long. Peduncles solitary, axillary, 1 -flowered, curved or nod- 
ding, one and a half inch long, with a subulate bract in the 
middle. Mowers drooping, solitary, nearly an inch long. Cahjx- 
lobes ovate-oblong, acute, increasing after flowering. Corolla 
cylindrico-campanulate, with spreading limb, tube whitish, exter- 
nally marked with dull purple ; lobes of limb ovate acute, green- 
ish-yellow, with a dark-purple blotch at the base. Column in- 
cluded. tStigmatic lobes large, oblong, spreading or recurved. 



Fig. 1. Young column. 2. Older ditto. 3. Wing of anther. 4. Pollinia : 
— all magnified. 



5/f82. 




.ei.et.lith. 



^y 



YincentBroc 



Tab. 5482. 
DENDROBIUM Japonic™. 

Japanese Bendrobium. 



Nat. Ord. Okchide^e. — Gtnandria Monandbia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 5303.) 



Dendrobium Japonicum ; caulibus gracilibus elongatis, foliis altemis membra- 
naceia linearibus obtusiusculis, floribus kteralibus solitariis v. binis albis, 
bracteolis tumidis basin ovarii cingcntibus, sepali dorsali lineari-oblongo, 
lateralibus oblongis acutis, petalis ovato- v. oblongo-lanceolatis acutis re- 
curvis, labelli disco intus pubescente, limbo ovato-lanceolato acuminato 
recurvo glaberrimo. 

Dendrobium Japonicum. Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orchid. 89. Reichenb. fil. in 
Annul. Bot. Sy-st. v. 6. p. 294. 

Onychium Japonicum. Blume, Bijd. 328. 

DENDROBIUM castum. Batem. ms. 



Although anything but a showy species of Bendrobium, the 
delicious fragrance of B. Japonicum at once recommends it for 
cultivation. It is probably common in Japan, having been sent to 
the Royal Gardens from Nagasaki by Sir Rutherford Alcock and 
by Mr. Hoey, and from the island of Tsu-sima, off the Corean 
coast, by Mr. Charles Wilford, collector for the Royal Gardens. 

Our excellent friend Mr. Bateman, who is of opinion, from 
some slight discrepancies between Blume's brief character of his 
Onychium (I)endiobium, Sw.) Japonicum and our plant, that the 
Two may not be identical, has suggested the appropriate name 
of B. castrum for it :• — but as it is the only species of the genus 
we have ever received from Japan, and this from widely different 
localities, and from three different correspondents ; it may, I 
think, be reasonably inferred that it is the Japonicum of Blume. 
Should it prove otherwise, the specific name of castum must be 
adopted. 

Descb. Stems tufted, six to twelve inches long, slender, pen- 

DECEMBER 1st, 1864. 



dulous, rather distantly jointed, attenuated downwards ; articu- 
lations cylindrical, long, upper rather tumid, green, striated, the 
older purplish. Leaves alternate, one to two inches long, a 
quarter to one-third of an inch broad, spreading, recurved, linear 
or linear-lanceolate, obtuse, pale-green. Flowers on the naked 
stems, solitary or in pairs, one and a half inch in diameter, pure 
white, speckled with purple at the base of the lip and on its 
claw. Bract small, tumid, clasping the base of the ovary, which 
is slender, three-quarters to an inch long. Sepals nearly equal, 
dorsal oblong, acute, lateral, ovate, lanceolate, acuminate. Pe- 
tals oblong, acute, rather broader than the sepals. Lip white, 
speckled with purple, and pubescent in the middle line above 
the limb ; limb ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, subrecurved. Column 
very short. 



Fig. 1. Ovary, base of lip, and column. 2. Front; and 3. Side view of lip: 
-all magnified. 



5/tS3. 




Witch.deLetlith. 



Yincex 



Tab. 5483. 
BARTONIA nuda. 

Bractless Bartonia. 



Nat. Ord. Loase^. — Icosandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx tabo cylindrieo, cum ovario connato, limbi superi qtiinque- 
partiti lobis asqualibus. Corolla petala 10, summo calycis tubo inserta, plana, 
sequalia v. alterna, limbi lobis opposita, ahgustiora, apice antherifera. Stamina 
plurima, cum petalis inserta; filamenta filiformia, libera, anthem biloculares, 
longitudinaliter debiscentes. Ovarium inferum, uniloculare, placentis parietali- 
bus tribus v. septem, nerviformibus. Omda plurima, anatropa. Stylus simplex ; 
stigma obtusum. Capsula cylindrica, calycis limbo coronata, unilocularis, vertice 
breviter exserto, tri-septem-valvis, valvis cum placentis nerviformibus alternanti- 
bus. Semina plurima, complanata, alata. — Herbae boreali- Americana, pilis rigidis 
larbatce conspersce, erecta ; foliis alternis, sessilibus, v. inciso-pinnatifidis ; flori- 
bus terminalibus, solitariis, amplis, albis. Endl. 



Bartonia nuda ; tota planta (petalis staminibus styloque exceptis) pilis minutis 
barbigeris aspera, caule erecto ramisque albis, foliis sessilibus lanceolatis 
bbtusis pinnatifido-dentatis, floribus in ramulis terminalibus amplis pallide 
sulfureis decapetalis subebracteati3, calycis tubo infundibuliformi, limbo 
laciniis elongatis acuminatis reflexis, staminibus numerosis, filamentis non 
raro sterilibus petaloideis, stylo trifido, " capsula 3-valvi, seminibus nu- 
merosis alatis." 

Bartonia nuda. Nutt. Gen. Am. v. 1. p. 297. Pursh, Fl. Am. Sept. v. I. p. 
328 et 2. p. 749. Be Cand. Prod. v. 3. p. 339. 

Mentzelia nuda. Torr. et Gr. Fl. N. Am. v. 1. p. 535. 



We are glad to give a figure of this very rare plant, for a fine 
specimen of which we are indebted to Mr. Thompson, of Ips- 
wich, who has recently introduced it to our gardens from the 
Missouri, where alone it appears to be found, and where it was 
discovered, and has been well described, by Nuttall. But, how- 
ever handsome it looks on paper, Mr. Thompson, who has the 
credit of obtaining it for our gardens, candidly acknowledges 
that " it cannot be looked upon as a hardy ornamental plant ; 
the flowering only takes place late in the evening, and at a sea- 
son, October, when it is too late for the ripening of the seeds." 

DECEMBER 1ST, 1864. 



Bracts or floral leaves are not always absent ; but they are much 
reduced in comparison to those of B. ornaia, Nutt., for example, 
{B. decapetala, Sims in Bot. Mag. Tab. 1487). 



Fig. 1. Calyx with two bracts and pistil, magnified. 



51*81,. 




'fRtdi,del.etlitii 



Vincent Brooks, Imp ' 



Tab. 5484. 

VERONICA Hulkeana. 

Hulkes New Zealand Speedwell. 



Nat. Ord. Scrophularine^e. — Diandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx 4-5-partitus, rarissime 3-partitus. Corollas tubus nunc 
brevissimus, nunccalycem superans; limbus 4-fidus, rarius 5-fidus, patens, laciniis 
lateralibus vel ima e lateralibus exterioribus sgepius angustioribus. Stamina 2, 
tubo inserta, exserta, ad latera lacinias superioris sita. Antherarum loculi diver- 
gentes vel parallel], apice confluentes. Stylus apice integer, subcapitato-stigma- 
tosus. Capsula compressa v. turgida, bisulcata, carpellis dorso plus minus locu- 
licide dehiscentibus, raarginibus iuflexis columnar placentiferae adhflerentibus vel 
plus minus ab ea septicide solutis ; vel capsula septicide cum columna placen- 
tifera bipartibilis. Semina ovata vel orbiculata, facie interna plana vel concava 
affixa, dorso plus minus convexa, lsevia vel rugulosa. Albumen saepius ob- 
longum, circumdatum testa incrassato-cartilaginea alseformi vel calloso-margi- 
nante. Embryo rectus ; radicula ad apicem fructus spectans in speciebus oli- 
gospermis, ab bilo parum remota in polyspennis. — Herbse, frutices vel rarius 
arbores in temper atis frig idiorib usque utriusque orbis crescentes, inter tropicos per- 
paucce nee in America numerous. Folia caulina opposila vel rarius verticillata aid 
sparsa, in una tantum specie pleraque alterna, floralia semper alterna, sapissime 
bracteaformia, rarius caulinis conformia. Flores in racemos terminates vel axil- 
lares dispositi, in axillis bractearum solitarii, vel rarius bracteis foliis caulinis 
subcovformibus axillares, solitarii. Calycis segmentutn posticum dmn adest smpis- 
sime cceteris minus. Corolla car idea carnea vel alba, in iisdem speciebus scepe 
colore variabilis, normalis k-Jida, laciniis integerrimis interdum (rarissime tamen 
in omnibus fioribus ejusdem speciei) lacinia suprema vel infima emarginata vel 
infima (an etiam suprema ?) bipartita vel etiam tripartita. In iisdem fioribus 
stamina occurrunt interdum 3-4. Capsula scepissime obtusa vel emarginata, in 
paucis speciebus acuta vel acuminata. Benth. 



Veronica Hulkeana; frutex gracilis, erectus, parce foliosus, 1-3-pedalis, caule 
subsimplici terete supra piiberulo, foliis oppositis distantibus \-\\ unc. 
longis, oblougo-ovatis (v. ellipticis) obtusis acutisve, obtuse vel acute grosse 
serratis subcoriaceis, petiolo f-f unciam longo, spicis paLentibus puberulis 
glandulosisque in paniculas longas tenninales 4-10 unc. longas 2-4 unc. 
latas opposite ramosas dispositis, fioribus sessilibus, bracteis late ovatis, 
obtusis ^ unc. longis, fere longitudine sepalorum similium sed latiorum, 
corolla \ unc. lata, lilacina, tubo perbrevi, staminibus brevibus, capsula 
parva, oblonga, obtusa, sepalis duplo iougiore. Hook. fit. 

Veronica Hulkeana. F. Muell. in Hook. Jil. Handb. of N. Zeal. Fl. v. I. 
p. 213. 



This is quite a new form of Veronica for our European gar- 
dens, for which we are indebted to the indefatigable Dr. Mueller, 



DECEMBER 1ST, 1861. 



who sent the seeds under the name we have preserved, as a 
native of New Zealand, where it has been found in the Middle 
Island we believe only, on the Wairu Mountains, alt. 1500- 
2000 feet, by Mr. Travers at Macrae's Run, halfway up, in 
rocky places by Dr. Munro, and by the late lamented Dr. Sin- 
clair in the Kaikoras Mountains. It first flowered with us in 
May, 1864, in a cool greenhouse, but from its elevation in the 
Middle Island of New Zealand, it ought to prove quite hardy 
in our climate. It is one of the many additions made to the 
genus Veronica since the enumeration of the one hundred and 
fifty-eight species in De Candolle's ' Prodromus,' by Mr. Ben- 
tham, and it is one of the forty species described by Dr. 
Hooker in his recently published ' Handbook of the New Zea- 
land Flora.' Both the genus and the species of Veronica are 
very difficult of clear definition. Some admirable remarks on 
the former (the genus) we have given above, following the Gen. 
Char. ; and Dr. Hooker observes, of the Ncio Zealand species, 
that " they form a more conspicuous feature of the vegetation 
than in any other country, both from their number, beauty, and 
ubiquity, from so many forming large bushes, and from the re- 
markable forms the genus presents." 



Fig. 1. Front view of a flower. 2. Side view of ditto -.—magnified. 



5^5 




W. Pitch,: 



Vincent Breoks.Irrf- 



Tab. 5485. 
EPISTEPHIUM Williamsii, 

Mr. Williams s Epistephium. 



Nat. Ord. Orchide^e. — Gynandria Monandria. 

Gen. Char. Perianthium basi urceolo dentato cinctum. Sepala patentia v. 
reflexa, libera, lateralia labello supposita. Petala latiora v. angustiora. Label- 
lum sessile, liberum, indivisum, circa columnam convolutum, disco barbatam v. 
cristatum. Columna semiteres, marginata, infra stigma 2-tuberculata, apice 
membranacea, dilatata, 3-fida, lobo medio cucullato antherifero. Anthera ter- 
minalis, persistens, loculis approximatis ^-quadrilocularibus. Pollinia 4, com- 
pressa, basi retroplicata. — Herbse America aquinoctialis, terrestres. Folia ner- 
vosa, evaginata, Flores magni, compicni. Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orchid. 432. 



Epistephium Williamsii; foliis lineari-oblongis acutis ^-amplexicaulibus, mar- 
ginibus recurvis valde coriaceis Iambus nitidis, nervis parallelis non reticu- 
lars, sepalis lineari-oblongis acutis, petalis oblongis sepalis latioribus, la- 
belli lobo terminali suborbiculato 2-fido marginibus crenulatis, disco medio 
longe cristate 

Epistephium Williamsii. Hook, ji l. ms. 



A very curious and most beautiful plant, for the introduction 
of which we are indebted to our valued correspondent C. H. 
Williams, Esq., of Bahia. It undoubtedly belongs to the genus 
Epistephium , which inhabits the tropics of South America, and 
is distinguished from its very near congener Sobralia, by the 
toothed calyculus crowning the ovary. The genus is described 
as having strongly reticulated nerves on the leaf, but this is per- 
haps best seen in the dried plant ; the leaves of our species are 
very coriaceous, glossy, and almost nerveless; nothing can ex- 
ceed their brilliant, glossy green surface. 

Descr. Stems from an underground root of tufted, fleshy 
fibres, several together, stiff, a foot to eighteen inches high, 
cylindrical. Leaves alternate on the upper part of the stem, 
three to four inches long, linear-oblong, semi-amplexicaul, acute, 
very glossy-green, nerves very indistinct, not reticulated. Flowers 
five to eight, in a terminal spike, three inches in diameter, of a 
fine light red-purple colour. Bracts small, ovate, acute. Ovary 
dkcember 1st, 1864. 



one inch long. Calyculus very short, shortly six-toothed. Sepals 
one to one and a quarter inch long, linear-oblong, the dorsal a 
little obovate. Petals as long, but much broader. Lip with 
the middle lobe bifid, margins somewhat undulate, of the same 
colour as the petals, but with two whitish areas on the disk, 
which are surrounded with a deeper purple ; crest of hairs on 
the disk small, long, yellowish. Column with narrow wings. 
Stigma with its edges crenulate. J. D. IT. 



Fig. 1. Upper part of ovary, calyculus, and lip. 2. Base of lip and column. 
3. Upper part of column, showing the stigma and anther : — all magnified. 



INDEX, 

In which the English Names of the Plants contained in the 
Twentieth Volume of the Third Series (or Ninetieth 
Volume of the Work) are alphabetically arranged. 



Plate. 

5480 Acmene, copious-flowering. 
5435 Ada, deep orange-flowered. 
5447 ./Echmea, distichous-flowered. 
5442 Alstroemeria, Caldas's. 
5473 Amphiblemma, cymose. 
5463 Aphelandra, Libon's. 

5481 Aranja, narrow-leaved. v 
5420 Aristolochia, pale- veined tree. 
5483 Bartonia, bractless. 

5434 Begonia, Mr. Mann's. 

5424 Borodina or Cannibal's Sola- 
nura. 

5429 Canscora, Parish's. 
5449 Cattleya, Dr. Lindley's. 
5462 Ccclogyne, honey-scented. 
5477 Columbine, long-spurred Cali- 

fornian. 
5427 Corn-flag, shaggy-stemmed. 

5458 Corylopsis, spiked. 

5471 Cyanotis, nodose-flowered. 
5457 Cymbidium, spotted-lipped. 

5444 Dendrobium, bearded-lipped. 

5451 Dendrobium, Mr. Farmer's 

golden-yellow var. 

5430 Dendrobium, fringed-lipped. 
5446 Dendrobium, funnel-lipped. 

5459 Deudrobium, ivory -flowered. 
5482 Dendrobium, Japanese. 

5470 Dendrobium, knotted-stemmed. 
5441 Dendrobium, pale yellowish- 
flowered. 
5454 Dendrobium, white-margined. 

5452 Desmodium, Mr. Skinner's 

white-lined var. 

5445 Echinocactus, Broom. 

5485 Epistephium, Mr. Williams's. 
5467 Eranthemum, Sir D. Cooper's. 



5440 Eranthemum, crenulate-leaved, 
large-flowered var. 

5425 Forrestia, hairy-sheathed. 
5468 Genethyllis, Thyme-leaved. 
5431 Helichrysum, Mr. Mann's. 

5426 Ipomaea, slender-stalked. 

5460 Kalanchoe, large-flowered. 
5466 Lady's-slipper, sedge-like. 

5461 Larkspur, Mr. Brown's Musk. 

5474 Linum, Macrae's. 
5465 Macleania, showy. 
5453 Macleania, splendid. 
5476 Masdevallia, tufted. 
5456 Meconopsis, prickly. 

5455 Micranthella, De Candolle's. 

5436 Miltonia, Regnell's. 
5423 Monkey-flower, creeping. 

5478 Monkey-flower, yellow, copper- 
coloured var. 

5421 Pelargonium, Mr. Bowker's. 

5432 Quamoclit, Mr. Nation's. 

5437 Reidia, glaucescent. 

5475 Renanthera, Mr. Low's. 

5433 Saccolabiura, Mr. Harrison's. 

5422 Schizostylis, crimson. 
5439 Scutellaria, Costa Rica. 

5484 Speedwell, Hulke's New Zea- 
land. 
5450 Thibaudia, fleshy-flowered. 
5469 Thladiantha, dubious. 
5428 Trichantha-, smaller-leaved. 
5448 Trichinium, Mr. Mangles's. 
5464 Urceolina, drooping. 

5438 Vieussieuxia, fugacious. 
5472 Vine, Baines's gouty. 
5479 Vine, gouty-stemmed. 
5443 Waitzia, corymbose. 



I N D £ X, 

In which the Latin Names of the Plants contained in the 
Twentieth Volume of the Third Series (or Ninetieth 
Volume of the Work) are alphabetically arranged. 




Plate. 


Plate. 


5480 Acmene floribunda. 


5467 


5435 Ada aurantiaca. 


5425 


5417 yEchmea distichantha. 


5468 


5442 Alstroemerin Caldusii. 


5427 


5473 Amphiblcmma cyraosum. 


5431 


5463 Aphelandra Liboniana. 


5426 


5477 Aquilegia cserulea. 


5460 


5481 Arauja angustifolia. 


5474 


5420 Aristolochia leuconeura. 




5483 Bartonia nudn. 


5453 


5434 Begonia Mannii. 


5476 


5429 Canscora Parisiiii. 


5456 


5449 Cattleya Lindleyana. 


5 155 


5462 Ccelogyne odoratisshna. 




Corylopsis spicata. 


5478 


5471 Cyanotis nodirlora. 


5423 


5457 Cymbidium tigrinum. 


5421 


5466 Cypripedium caricinutrj. 


5432 


5461 Delphinium Brunonianum. 


5437 


5444 Dendrobium barbatnlura. 


5475 


5430 Dendrobium eiliatum. 


5433 


5459 Dendrobium eburneum. 


5422 


5451 Dendrobium Farmeri, var. aureo- 


5439 


flava. 


5424 


5 {46 Dendrobium infundibulnm. 


5450 


Dendrobium Japonicum. 


5469 


5441 Dendrobium lutecium. 




5454 Dendrobium marginatum. 


5448 


5470 Dendrobium nodatum. 




nodium Skinnen 




lincata. 


5438 


toeactus Scopa. 




itephium VVilliai. 




.iu crenu: 




granditloi'a. 





) 



Eranthemum Cooperi. 
Forrestia hispida. 
Grenethyllis fimbriata. 
Gladiolus sericeo-villosus, 
Helicbrysum Mannii.- 
IpoirujL'a filicaulis. 
Kalanchoe grandiflora. 
Linuin Macrfiei. 
Macleania pulchra. 
Macleania speciosissimn. 
Masdevallia civile. 
Meconopsis aculeata. 
Micrantltclla Candollci. 
Milton ia RegnelU. 
Mimulus luteus, var. cuprea. 
Mimulus repens. 
Pelargonium Bowkeri. 
Uuamoclit Nationis. 
Reidia glaucescens. 
Renanthera Lowii. 
Saccolabium Harrisonianura. 
Schizostylis coccinea. 
Scutellaria Costaricana. 
Solan um anthropophagorum. 
Thibaudia sarcantha. 
Tbladiantha dubia. 
Trichantha minor. 
Trichinium M.mglosii. 
uina p< ndula. 
iiulkeana. 

i.i fttgex. 

Vitis 



■