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Full text of "Curtis's botanical magazine."

CURTIS'S 



BOTANICAL MAGAZINE 



COMPRISING THE 



plant* of tht Kopal Caroms; of Betu 

AND 

OF OTHER BOTANICAL ESTABLISHMENTS IN GREAT BRITAIN; 
WITH SUITABLE DESCRIPTIONS; 

BY 

JOSEPH DALTON HOOKEB, M.D., F.R.S. L.S. & G.S 

HONORARY MEMBER OF THE PHILOSOPHICAL INSTITUTE OF CANTERBURY, NEW ZEALAND, 
AND DIRECTOR OF THE ROYAL GARDENS OF KEW. 

VOL. XXI. 

OF THE THIRP SERIES; 

(Or Fol.XCI. of the WJwle WorL) 




• Spake full well, in language ouaint and olden, 
One who dwelleth by the castled Rhine, 
When he called the flowers, so blue and golden, 
Stars that in earth's firmament do shine.''— Longfellaw. 



LONDON: 
REEVE & CO., HENRIETTA STREET, COYENT GARDEN. 

1865. 

Mo. Bot. Garden, 



506. 




Tab. 5486. 

LISSOCHILUS Horsfalli] 

Mr. Horsf all's Lissochilus. 



Nat. Ord. Orchide^. — Gynandria Monandria. 

Gen. Char. Lissochilus, R. Brown in Lindl. Coll. Bot. t. 31. Perianthium 
explanatum. Sepala herbacea (vel brunnca), parva, reflexa vel patentia, libera. 
Petala maxima, patentia, aiaeformia. LabeUtun saccatum, coneavum, subinte- 
grum v. trilobum, cum bast oolumnaj ssepius connatum. Columna erecta, brevis, 
semiteres. Anthera bilocularis, cristata. Pollinia 2, postice biloba, caudicula 
lineari brevi, glandula triangulari. Lindl. Gen. et Sp. p. 191. 



Lissochilus HorsfalUi; foliis plicatis acutissimis seapo radicali exaltato multi- 
floro duplo brevioribus, bracteis amptexicaulibus scssilibus acutis, sepalis 
secpjalibus lanceolatis acuminatis undulatis retusis, petalis multo majoribus 
patentibus subquadratis obtusis, labello sublibero basi iufundibiiliformi 
obscure trilobo, lobis lateralibus maximis couvexis ascendentibus rotun- 
datis, epichilio ovato obtuso 3-costato, columna marginata, anthera biden- 
tata. Bateman. 



For the opportunity of figuring this fine addition to the rare 
genus Lissochilus we are indebted to J. B. Horsfall, Esq., M.P., 
of Bellamour Hall, Staffordshire, to whom it was sent (in 1861) 
from the Old Calabar River, by Mr. S. Cheetham. It flowered 
in October last in Mr. Horsfall's collection, treated as a warm 
terrestrial Orchid. In habit and in general appearance it bears 
some resemblance to the well-known Phajm grandifolius (Bletia 
Tankervittia), but the "structure of the flowers is altogether dif- 
ferent. Perhaps its nearest affinity is with another charming 
species of Lhsochihs, L. roseus, also a West African plant, but 
which, it is much to be regretted, has long since disappeared 
from our collections. May we not hope that the evidence now 
afforded of the beauty of certain West African Orchids may lead 
to increased efforts for the introduction of additional species on 
the part of those who, like Mr. Horsfall, have at their command 
peculiar facilities for obtaining the natural productions of the 
countries in question ? For even if it be true that a large pro- 
portion of the Orchids of intertropical Africa arc unattractive, 

JANUARY 1ST, 1865. 



thei. me of I 

now as highly prized as any plan 
mam d additions would doubl 

in a few collections from the N una 

that water the richest portic ontinenl 

head-waters of the Nile would also contribute their qti 
the limited collection ol brought b 

and Grant, tl 
which in the length of its tails migl ith the well-known 

A. caudaium. 

me thirty years ago the name of Mr. Ilorsfall s excellent 
father might be frequently met with in the pag< - >>ta- 

nical Magazine,' in connection with <l 

honour of introducing to this country, which the still 

popular Ipomcea Hor i>e cited as not tl irk- 

able. And it is with no ordinary } 1 now dedii 

to the worthy son of a worthy sire the beautiful plant that is 
figured in t! mpanying and which he I, the 

means of securing to our gardens. — J. B* 

Descr. A terrestrial j ulbous plant, pi a tuft 

of several leaves, which are plicated, \ urp-pointed, and 

from two to three fa by four to six inches broad. & 

radical, twice the length of the Leaves, upright, bearing a; 
extremity a dense, many-llowered tl tiful 

flowers. Bracts long and pointed, fitting tightly round the 
scape. Sepals greenish on the outside, but of a purplish brou n 
internally, an inch long, lanceolate-acuminate, wa the 

edges, bent backwards. Petals much wider than tlu 
spreading, obtuse, almost square, half the length of th, 
white, suffused with rose. Lip nearly free, funnel-shaped at the 
base, slightly three-lobed ; the lateral lol landing 

erect, convex, rounded, green, streaked with rich purplish-erim- 
son. Epiekil, or centre-lobe of lip, Sunt, of a deep puce 

colour, with three whitish elevated ridges on its disk, and which 
run down to base of lip. ( If-round, with mem- 

branous ed^ .liters surmounted by a crest composed of 

two short diverging teeth. 



Fig. 1. Reduced view of the entire plant. 2. Front view of the Up 
luran. 4. Pollen-masses;— all slightly magnified. 

* Our artist was assisted in the preparation of I 
mg from the pencil of Mrs. HorefeU, which t „ sentatiou 

ol the habit of the plant. 







"WKtchjdel.ecath 



Vincent BrookSklmp ■ 



Tab. 5487. 

DOMBEYA Burgesses. 

Miss Burgess s Dombeya. 

Nat. Ord. Byttxertace.e. — ^toxADEi/purA Polyanpuia. 



Gen. Char. Involucellum triphyllum, unilateral, deciduum. Calyx quinque- 
partitus, persistens, laciniis sestivatione valvatis. Corolla petala 5, imo calyci in- 
serta, obovato-insequilatera, restivatione convoluta, marcescenti-persistentia. Sta- 
mina 15-20, imo calyci inserta, basi in cupulam brevem connata, quinque ste- 
rilia iiliformia vel ligulteformia, cum duabus vel tribus fertilibus paullo breviori- 
bus alternantia ; filamenta riliformia v. subulate; antherce introrsae, biloculares, 
erectse, loculis longitudinaliter dehiscentibus. Ovarium sessile, quinquelocu- 
lare. Ovula in loculis 3-4, angulo centrali biseriatim inserta, adscendentia. 
Stylus terminalis, simplex; stiyma qumqueMuvn, lobis acutis revolutis. Capsula 
coriacea, quinquelocularis, septicide pentacocca, coccis tandem bivalvibus, abortu 
monospermis. Semina adscendentia, raphe adnata, chalaza incrassata. Embryo 
in axi albuminis parci subcarnosi orthotropus ; cotyledonibus foliaceis bipartitis, 
convolutis ; radicula umbilico proxima, infera. — Arbusculae vel fraticcs, in insulis 
Borbonicis, Madagascar ia, et partita in Asia tropica crescentes ; pube stellata ; 
folds alternis, petiolatis, cordatis inteyris vel lobatis, crenatis ; stipulis decidms ; 
floribus axillaribus, umbellalis vel corymbosis ; involucelli foliolis ovatis v. cor- 
datis, vel angusto-lanceolatis linearibusve. Endl. 



Dombeya Burgessim; subarborescens, ramis petiolis pedunculisque pubescenti- 
villosis, folds molliter pubescentibus cordatis acute quinquelobis grosse 
crenato-serratis, stipulis ovato-acuminatis deciduis, pedunculis petiolo lon- 
gioribus, floribus cymoso-corymbosis ebracteatis, laciniis calycinis anguste 
lanceolatis demum reflexis, petalis oblique lato-deltoideis obtusissimis albis 
basi venisque purpureo pictis, ovario tomentoso. 

Dombeya Burgessife. Gerrard, in Harv. Fl. Cap. Suppl. p. 590. Ilarv. Tlies 
Cap. v. 2. t. 137-8. 



Dr. Harvey, who alone has described and figured this cli arm- 
ing tree or shrub, states the height of it at' 8-10 feet. Our 
plant has in two years' time attained that height, from the period 
of sowing the seeds, which we received from Dr. Harvey. It 
has been recently discovered in South Africa by Mr. J. M'Ken, 

JANUARY 1st, 1865. 



in Zulu-land; and at Klip-River, Natal, bj Mr. W I G 
who named it in compliment to Miss Burgess, of Birkenhead 
The genus Dombeya is a very beautiful one, ah uliar to 

tropical Africa and its eastern islands, but scarcely extending so 
far south as the Cape of Good Hope. Three Bpecies, 1 
are described by Dr. Harvey, in his admirable 'Flora Capensis/ 
as inhabiting Uitenhage and Natal, in the first volume; and 
three more appeared in the Supplement to the second volume. 
The author anticipates the discovery of others in the Natal dis- 
trict, but, as he justly observes, scarcely one from them finer than 
this. Its large fragrant flowers appeared with us in August. 

Descr. Our plant in the conservatory of Kew promises to be 
arborescent, which, in little more than two years raised from the 
seed, is ten feet high, moderately branched at the summit ; the 
younger branches herbaceous, terete, and downy. Leave* alter- 
nate, long-petiolate, six inches to a span long, cordately tive-lol 
pubescently hirsute ; the lobe* acute, coarsely and unequally ser- 
rated, terminal one acuminate. Stipules ovate, acuminate, at 
length deciduous. Peduncle in our plant axillary, longer than 
the petiole, downy, corymbose, bearing many large white 
flowers, roseate in the disk, with the same tint extending into 
the veins. Calyx in our plant ebracteolate, of five spreading, at 
length reflexed lanceolate sepal*. Petal* obliquely subdeltoid, 
very obtuse, concave. Column of stamen* short and cup-shaped 
terminating in five sterile, long, linear- spathulate stamen*, be- 
tween which, but not half their length, are generally three (some- 
times two) fertile ones. Filaments filiform. Anther* oblong, 
two-celled. Ovary globose, downy. Style filiform, shorter than 
the sterile filaments, but longer than the fertile ones. Sfy 
five, linear, reflexed, downy. — /. B. 



Fig. 1. Petal. 2. Portion of the stnmitiiferous column, with three fertile and 
two sterile stamens. 3. Pistil: — all more or lens magm; 



I* 



// 










^Fitdh ; aeL.etJith 



ncertt Brooks, taj 



Tab. 5488. 

DENDROBIUM Parishii. 

Mr. Parish's Dendrobium. 



Nat. Ord. Orchide,e. — Gynandria Diandria. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 5303.) 



Dendrobium Parishii; caulibus crassissimis subpendulis floriferis aphyllis 
membranulis albidis indutis, foliis coriaceis oblongo-lanceolatis obtusis erosis 
cito deciduis, floribus geminatis aut ternatis racemum spurium formantibus 
longe pedicellatis, sepalis oblongo-lanceolatis acutis, petalis paulo latioribas 
unguiculatis ovatis obtusiusculis pedicello duplo brevioribus, labello indiviso 
cucidlato apiculato fere orbiculari, limbo et margine pulvinato. Baieman. 



This new Dendrobium was sent (in 18G2) from Moulmein by 
the Rev. C. S. P. Parish to Messrs. Hugh Low and Co., of the 
Clapton Nursery, in whose establishment, as also in the collec- 
tions of Mr. Rucker and Mr. Day, it has flowered beautifully 
during the past season. At first sight it appears to bear a cer- 
tain amount of resemblance to B. nobiie, but it is in reality per- 
fectly distinct. Even when out of flower it is readily distinguished 
by its thick, clumsy, leafless stems, which are bent downwards 
in a stiff ungainly manner, while the stems of D. nobiie and 
D. moniliforme hold themselves erect, and taper gracefully 
towards the base. The flowering-season of these latter species 
is likewise different, being confined to the winter months, whereas 
D. Parishii blossoms in summer. 

A glance at the recent volumes of the ' Botanical Magazine ' 
will show the large number of new and beautiful Orchids that 
have been secured to the collections of this country through the 
zeal and enterprise of Mr. Parish, whose eye seems to be ever 
ready to detect any new forms amid the striking vegetation of 
the rich country that is now the scene of his missionary labours. 
It is, however, among the Dendrobia that his most remarkable 
discoveries have been made, and I have therefore a peculiar 
pleasure in associating his name with a new species of the beau- 
tiful genus that owes so much to his diligent researches. — J. B. 

JANUARY 1st, 1865. 



Descr. Stews a foot or more long, extremely thick throughout 
their whole length, bent downwards, ', when young, with 

thin, white membranes, which fall off the second year. Leaves 

stiff and leathery, from two to four inches long, blunt and usu- 
ally a little notched at the cuds, falling oft' the first year, 
in twos or (more rarely) in threes, produced freely on a short 
spurious raceme, along more than half the entire length of the 
stems. Pedicels nearly two inches long. Sepals half the length 
of the pedicels, oblong-lanceolate, acute, of a beautiful light-rose 
colour, except at the base, where the rose-colour i\u\v< into n ! 
Petals same colour as the sepals, than which they are slightly 
broader, unguiculate, ovate, somewhat obtuse. Lip entire, shorteV 
than the sepals, and (when spread flat) nearly round, apiculate, 
hooded, downy in front and at the edges, with rich purple inte- 
rior markings on either side the throat, and a lighter tint along 
its centre and at the recurved apex. — J. B. 



Fk 



1. Column. 2. Up : — magnified. 







^a,dei..etlith 



( 2 

Vincent Brooks, Imp ■ 



Tab. 5489. 
PROUSTIA PYRIFOLIA. 

Pear-leaved Proustia. 



Nat. Ord. CoMPOSiTiE (Mutisiace^e). — Syngenesla Labiatiflok^e. 

Gen. Char. Capitulum subquinqueflorum, liomogamum, discoideuin. Involucri 
turbinate floribus multo brevioris squamae coriacese, adpressas, obtusissimse, ex- 
timse minima?, lieceptacidum planum, piloso-fibrilliferum. Corolla glabrae, bi- 
labiatse, labiis sequilongis, revolutis, exteriore latiore apice tridentato et interiore 
bifido, v. exteriore quadridentato, interiore indiviso integro. Staminum filamenta 
distincta, glabra, plana, antherarum caudse lacerse, longse, alee breves, lanceplatae. 
Stylus superne hispido-puberulus. Aclienia oblonga v. trigona, teretiuscula v. 
trigona, erostria, pilosa, callo apicali. Pappus biserialis, sequalis, paleaceus, paleis 
angustissime linearibus, apice paululum incrassatis vel profundius serratis. — 
Arbusculaj Cfdlenses et Peruviana ; fokis alter nis, petiolatis coriaceis, integerrimis 
v. denticulatis ; capitulis paniculatis. Endl. 



Proustia pyrifolia; altissime scandens, flexuosa, foliis petiolatis coriaceis cor- 
dato-ovatis apiculatis integerrimis v. spinuloso-dentatis glabris v. subtus 
canescentibus, ad basin petioli pulvinulo spinigero, floribus corymbosis, 
pappo pulcherrime purpureo-roseo. 

Puoustia pyrifolia. Lag. in Annal. du Mus. v. 19. p. 70. t. 4. Be Cand. Prodr. 
v. 7. p. 27. Gay, Fl. Chil. v. 3. p. 295. (P. oblongifolia, Don, and P. 
glandulosa, Be Cand., may probably be considered synonyms.') 



A recent introduction of Messrs. Veitch and Son, from Chili, 
■which, however unattractive in its flowers and foliage, yet, as 
the fruit advances to maturity, is a singular and beautiful object, 
for the long pendent branches and foliage are almost wholly 
concealed by the mass of rich rose-purple feathered pappus. 
Cultivated, as no doubt it will soon be, as a greenhouse climber, 
it cannot fail to be very attractive ; and let it be remembered 
that it is of such rapid growth, that in its native quebradas of 
Chili, it climbs to the tops of the highest trees, as stated by 
Bridges and M. Gay. It has flowered for the first time at the 
Chelsea Nursery, in July, 1864. 

Descr. A lofty perennial climber, with flexuose branches, 
which are striated and downy, younger ones often very flexuose. 
Leaves alternate, two inches long, ovate or elliptical, often a 

JANUARY 1ST, 1865. 



little cordate at the base, apiculate at the point, coriaceous, the 
margin often quite entire, at other times strongly spinol 
denticulate, mostly glabrous above and reticulated, beneath gla- 
brous or canescent and subtomentose. Petioles u-r\ short, at 
the base beneath having an excrescence or pule inula*, terminating 
in a curved spine. Peduncle* axillary in the long terminal 
branches, corymbose, but paniculate as they advance to matu- 
rity, beariug small leafy, ovate bract*. Flowers or capitula \ 
small. Involucre of a few imbricating, green, oblong scales. 
Florets pale-purple, about five, hermaphrodite, two-lipped ; 
ternal lip three-toothed, inner one bipartite. Achenia minute ; 
pappus of many slender hairs, a little thickened upwards, and 
then rough, at first upright, at length spreading, and collectively 
forming a plumose mass, of great length and breadth. 



Fig 1. Leaf, partially toothed at the mar-in, with the cushioned spine at the 
base of the petiole,— «a^«/-«Z she. 2. Capitulum. :;. - floret 4. EUif 

from the pappus : — more or less magnified. 



* ? -jk \\ 




WFitch,cto.etIitli 



"Vincent Brooks, Imp 



Tab. 5490. 

SWAINSONIA OCCIDENTALS. 

Western Swainsonia. 



Nat. Ord. Leguminos^;. — Diadelphia Decandria. 

Gen. Char. Calyx urceolato-campanulatus, quinquedentatus, dtntibus duobus 
superioribus approximates. Corolla papilionaceae vexillum amplum orbiculatum 
emarginatum explanatum, disco circumscripto basi bicallosum, alas angustas, 
basi exeiso-biauriculatas et carinam adscendentem obtusam superans. Stylus 
postice longitudinaliter barbatus ; stigma terminate. Legumen ovatum, stylo rnu- 
cronatum, turgidum, polyspei'mum. Semina (plerumque parva, reniformia, stro- 
pldolo nullo, Bent/t.). — Suffrutices in Nova Hollandia (prcecipue orientali) extra- 
tropica indigeni ; foliis imparipinnatis, multijugis; stipulis deciduis ; racemis 
axillaribus folio longioribus ; floribus purpureas v. coccineis. Endl. 



Swainsonia occidentalis ; subglabra, foliis pluri- v. multijugis, foliolis oblongo- 
obovatis, stipulis foliaceis reniformi-deltoideis, racemis elongatis multifloris, 
pedicellis bracteola basali conspicue longioribus calycem subaequantibus, 
calycis dentibus ciliatis et intus sericeis, petalis violaceis, vexillo carinam 
erostrem parum tortum superante basi calloso, germinis stipite sursum bar- 
bato, stylo longitudinaUter ciliato breviusculo, germine angusto praeter basin 
glabro. Mueller. 

Stvainsonia occidentalis. Mueller, Fragm. Phyt. Austr, v. 3. p. 46. Be?ith. Fl. 
Austral, v. 2. p. 219. 

Diplolobium Walcottii. Muell. in Trans. Bot. Soc. Edin. v. 7. p. 489. 



This very handsome species of the very beautiful genus Swain- 
sonia has been raised from seeds sent from Western Australia 
by Mr. Wm. Thompson, of Ipswich, from whom we received 
specimens in the summer of 1804. Our earliest knowledge of 
it was from specimens gathered by Mr. Bynoe at Depuech 
Island, and abundantly in sterile places in Nichol Bay, during 
Gregory and Ridley's Exploring Expedition, both in North 
Australia. Drummond also appears to have gathered it in West 
Australia (as it has been raised from his seeds, and first blos- 
somed in 1863), and Mr. Oldfield gathered it in the Murchison 
river. 

Of this genus (including Cijclogyne of Bentham and Diplolo- 
bium of Mueller) fourteen species have been published by Mr. 

JANUARY 1ST, 1865. 



Bentham, in the second volume of his valuable ' Flora Australi- 
ensis ;' of these, two are already figured in this work, via. 
ronillafolia, Tab. 17-5, and a. Greyana, Tab. 4410. In the 
copiously-flowered racemes and in the colour of the corollas the 
present will bear comparison with any known species, and cannot 
fail to prove a great ornament to our greenhouses. 



Fig. 1. Calyx and pistil. 2. Vexillum. 3. One of the wings. 4. The 
carina : — all more or less magnified. 







Vincent JBrcolis, Imp . 



Tab. 5491. 
EPIDENDRUM dichromum, var. amabile. 

Beautiful Variety of the Two-coloured Epidendrum. 



Nat. Ord. Orchidej:. — Gynandria Monandria. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 5336.) 



Epidendrum dichromum; pseudobulbis ovato-fusiforraibus 2-vel 3-phyllis, folds 
rigidis ligulatis planis obtusis scapo paniculato raultifloro brevioribus, sepalis 
lineari-lanceolatis acutiusculis, petalis obovato-lanceolatis duplo latioribus, 
label li profunde ti'ilobi lobo medio obcordato pluries costato lateralibus bre- 
vioribus rotundatis apice patulis, column! obtuse auriculata. 

Epidendrum dichromum. Lindl. Fol. Orch., et in Bot. Reg. 1843, Misc. 119. 



This charming Epidendrum was imported last year from 
Bahia by Messrs. Hugh Low and Co., of the Clapton Nursery, 
through whom it speedily found its way into all the principal 
collections in the neighbourhood of London. In many of these 
it has already flowered, and I was myself fortunate enough 
to see it in bloom last autumn in Mr. Bassett's garden, as well 
as at the establishments of Mr. Williams, of Holloway, and of 
Messrs. Lee, of Hammersmith. In each case the variety was 
different, the sepals and petals in Mr. Bassett's plant being of a 
pale rose-colour, in that of Mr. Williams they were nearly white, 
while in Messrs. Lee's specimen — from which the figure is de- 
rived — both tints were combined with such pleasing effect as to 
merit the distinctive appellation of ' amabile . which I have ven- 
tured to add to the specific name. 

Mr. Low's collector found the plant in exposed places on the 
margin of rivers, establishing itself on the branches of low 
straggling bushes, and sending its roots down into the sand 
amidst which they grew. Taking their cue from these pecu- 
liarities in its habit in a wild state some cultivators arc attempt- 
ing to grow the species potted in sand, but I scarcely expect 
they will succeed. In the meantime it seems to thrive upon a 
block of wood or in a pot nearly filled with potsherds. It will 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1865. 



bear exposure to the light, and, while growing, must have a 
good amount of heat. 

When I first examined the plant I thought it was probably 
new, but I am now satisfied that Professor Reicbenbach v 
right in referring it to the E. dickromxm of Lindley, in despite 
of some minor discrepancies, for which its tendency to run into 
varieties may readily account. 

The species of Epidendrum are not usually popular with culti- 
vators, few of them possessing much brilliancy of colour ; bat 
the present subject is a notable exception — rivalling, as it does, 
the best of the Barkerias — and there are others of equal or 
greater beauty still to introduce. Among the latter I would 
specially instance E. erubescens, which produces a panicle nearly 
four times the size of the one represented in the Plate, and with 
flowers of a similar hue. It is a native of Oaxaca, whence liv- 
ing specimens were imported more than twenty years ago, they 
all however died because they were kept too warm. Surely an 
attempt ought to be made to re-introduce so desirable a plant, 
which we should now be able to manage with perfect ease. — 
./. B. 

Descr. Pseudobulbs clustered, from three to six inches long, 
smooth, round, ovate-oblong. Leaves two or three on each 
bulb, strap-shaped, from six inches to a foot or more in 1» ngth, 
rather blunt at the ends, erect, and rigid. Srf/pe, in tin- wild 
specimens, three feet high or more, bearing a many-flowered 
panicle. The flowers vary both in their size and tints, some 
being as large and as brilliantly rose-coloured as the specimens 
represented in the Plate, while others are almost entirely white, 
and considerably smaller. Sepals about an inch long," lin< 
lanceolate, rather sharp at the ends; petals wider than the 
sepals, and obovate. Lip deeply three-lobed, the middle lobe 
obcordate, with many ribs on its disk, of a beautiful deep crim- 
son, with light margin; the lateral lobes are shorter, spreading 
at the ends, white, externally turned up with purple. Column 
as long as the lateral lobes of the lip, bearing two short blunt 



Fig. 1. Lip. 2. Column. 3. Polleu-masses :— all slightly magnified. 




WHtch,dfilebiith 



Vincent Breaks , Imp . 



Tab. 5492. 

MORENIA FRAGRANS. 

Fragrant Morenia. 



Nat. Ord. Palm.e. — Dicecia Hexandria. 

Gen. Char. Flores dioici in spadicibus ramosissimis, spathis pluribus basilari- 
bus, apice apertis cinctis, sessilibus, ebracteati. Masc. : Calyx cupularis, triden- 
ticulatus. Corolla tripetala; petalis carnosulis, late ovatis, asstivatione valvatis. 
Stamina 6, e fundo corollas; filamenta filiformia; anthera oblongs, basifixaj. 
Ovarii rudimentum. Fcem. t Calyx cupularis, tridentatus. Corolla gamopetala, 
rotato-campanulata, tubo brevi, Umbi trilobi laciniis ovatis acutiusculis, restiva- 
tione valvatis. Staminum rudimenta 6. Ovarium ovato-subglobosum, trilocu- 
lare. Stigmata 3, sessilia, deltoidea. Bacca monosperma, parce carnosa. Al- 
bumen aequabile, corneum. Embryo supra basim dorsalis. — Paluia? Peruana, ru- 
picola; caudice tenero arundinaceo, annulato ; frondibus terminalibus, pinnatis ; 
Tpinnis planis, aut leviter reduplicatis, inermibus,lcevigatis,glabris; spadicibus infra 
comam verticillatis, simpliciter ramosis ; spathis membranaceis, primum spadicis 
ramos omnino obtegentibus, tandem in pedunculo persistentibus ; floribus albis v.fia- 
vidis ; baccis olivaformibus, viridibus. Endl. 



Morenia fragrans; caudice arundinaceo subsexpedali gracili, frondibus ovatis 
obtusis sublonge petiolatis, petiolo basi longe vaginante, pinnis pedalibus 
anguste lanceolatis acuminatis planis elevatim venosis iiiermibus, pedunculis 
aggregatis copiose spathaceis, spatha suprema seu florali longe rostrata, spa- 
dice nutante pedali ramosa alba. 

Morenia fragrans. Ruiz et Pav. Ft. Per. et CM. Prodr. p. 152. t. 32. Syst. 
Veget. Fl. Per. et Chil.p. 292. Mart. Palm. v. 3. p. 162. 

Morenia Lindeniana. Herm. Wendl. in Herb, nostr. 

Cham^edorea Lindeniana. Wendl. Index Palmarum, 1854, 60. 



The genus Morenia, next of kin to Chamcedorea, Willd., was 
established by Ruiz and Pavon in 1794, on a small graceful 
Peruvian Palm ; and the only species known to those authors 
was the M. fragrans. To this Martius added a second species, 
M. Pceppigiana, figured in Mart. Palm, at tt. 140, 141, and 
which so far resembles our plant, that if I had been uninfluenced 
by any other authority, I should have been disposed to consi- 
der the two the same. He described it as scarcely differing 
from M. fragrans, except in the "taller caudex and inodorous 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1865. 



flowers." Our present plant was received (torn Linden in 

-50, named " Ckanutdorea" (without locality), and has I 
named by Wendland Morenia a**, in our Herbarium j 

but there is a Chcunadorea above quoted, with- 

out any character or mention of country, with a . ■ to 

Otto and Dietr. Gartenz. 1s.j3 ; n. L8. p. 139, which I i 
no opportunity of consulting. It is certain, however, that we 
possess specimens of this same Palm in our herbarium from 
Chacapoyas, Peru {Mathews, n. 81082, "San CapiUa" of the 
natives), Santa Martha (Purdie), and an allied plant from Sa- 
lango, Columbia, gathered by the late Dr. Sinclair, which Mr. 
Bentham has (probably correctly) named Morenia fragrans? I 
think it therefore safer to consider this to be the same as the M. 
fragrant of Ruiz and Pavon, rather than increase the number of 
species duhia, which are so puzzling to the botanist. There can 
hardly be a doubt (judging from the figure) that Martius's 1/ 
Pceppipiana is a closely allied plant to this; indeed, he savs of 
it, "videtur a Morenia fragranie divisa," but the distinctions he 
gives seem to be of very trifling value. Our flowerin«-pla 
are destitute of female flowers. 

It is to be regretted that these mailer Palms, which present 
such graceful forms, and occupy little space, are not more cult.- 
vated in our stoves. It is only from the living plant and correct 
ngures that we can arrive at a knowledge of their genera and 
species. 



Fig. 1. Much reduced flowering-plant. 2. Base of a pi„nn,-» ff W me 
3. Flowering portion of the cwdex,-*,*** size . 4 . Mulc lowei X ul t 
Male flower, with an abortive pistil:-^** ma^ed 







isi-etlltii. 



Vincent Brooks, fop 



Tab. 5493. 
AGAVE Saundersii. 

Mr. Saunders s Agave. 



Xat. Ord. AmabylliDba. — Hexandria Moxogynia. 
Gen. Char. (Fide supra, Tab. 5333.) 



Agave Saundersii; acaulis, foliis horizontaliter patentibus glaucis bipedalibus 
4 uncias latis lanceolato-oblongis basi angustiore spinoso-acuaiinatissimis, 
margine spiuosis, spinis triangulari-acutissimis subdistantibus atro-purpu- 
reis, scapo 14-pedali copiose bracteato, pedunculis 4-pollicaribus teretibus 
horizontalibus distantibus, basi unibracteatis, bractea orate longe subulata 
basi interne lato-carinata, fasciculis globosis submultifloris, floribua com- 
pactia subsessilibus basi bracteolatis, ovariis subcylindraceis obscure aulcatia 
viridibus sesquipollicaribus, limbi flavi laciniis suberectis oblongo-lanceolatis 
acutis, staiuinibua perianthii longitudine tequalibus, aatheriaque pallide fla- 
vis, stylo } longitudine nlamentorum, stigmate globoso, capsula (immatura) 
elliptica. 



Perhaps no plants require more illustration by figures than 
the species of a genus of which we here represent one, which 
we venture to consider as new. It promises to be a genus 
numerous in individuals, and these of a most interesting cha- 
racter, and of which the well-known American Aloe {Agave 
Americana) is the type. Travelling botanists in vain attempt to 
preserve specimens for the herbarium,— they cannot therefore be 
studied there;— and in our gardens, except in some great public 
establishments, few are disposed to sacrifice the space necessary 
for their cultivation, and they are proverbially shy of flowering so 
much so, that the Agave Americana is generally and to this day 
spoken of as the plant which " flowers once in a hundred years 
It is true that of late, in a German work,* a " monographische 
Skizze " is given of no less than sixty- four species, apparently 
of those in cultivation, with brief specific characters,— a large 
proportion of them derived from the foliage alone, so that they 

* ' Wochenschrift des Yereines zur Beforderung des Gartenbaues in den Ku- 
niglicb-Preussischen Staaten, fur Giirtnerei und Pflanzenkunde. 
PF.imuARY 1st, 1865. 



can be of very little service in scientific botany. At any rate, 
we fail to discover our present Agave among them. It is from 
the rich collection of succulents in the possession of onr friend 
William Wilson Saunders, Esq., of Heathfield, Reigate. Its 
origin is not known, and we can only say it is probably a native 
of Mexico, a region so rich in species of this genus. It has 
flowered in the winter season, and now, January, 1S65, the fruit 
seems fully formed, but at present quite green. 

Descr. Stemless. Leaves singularly spreading, nearly horizon- 
tally, the lowest ones lying close to the ground, one and a half 
to two feet long, moderately thick, glaucous, oblong-lanceolate, 
suddenly terminating in long purple-brown spines, nearly plane 
or with the spinous margins a little upturned ; the spines dis- 
tant, from a broad base triangular, dark purple-brown. Scape, 
in our plant, fourteen feet long, stout in proportion, cylindrical, 
beset at very short intervals with erect, appressed, subulate 
scales, which soon become marcescent. ('lusters or fascicles of 
flowers numerous, subglobose, densely crowded, terminating in 
a horizontal peduncle, four inches long, its base subtended by a 
large, ovate, acuminate bract deeply carinated below. Secon- 
dary fascicles subsessile and bracteolated at the base. Ovary 
one and a half inch long, green, subterete, but obscurely grooved 
or six-angled, crowned by the yellow limb of four, nearly erect, 
acuminated segments. Stamens six, yellow ; f laments equal in 
length with the perianth, and inserted between the segments. 
Anthers very large, deep-yellow, versatile. Style half the length 
of the filaments, terminated by a clavate stigma. Capsule (at 
present immature) nearly elliptical, crowned by the withered limb 
of the perianth. 



Pig. 1. Greatly reduced figure of the entire plant. 2. Much reduced figure 
of a leaf. 3. Reduced figure of a fascicle of flowers, with its peduncle and cari- 
nated bract at the base. 4. Apex of a leaf : — natural size. 5. Secondary cluster 
of flowers, — natural size. 6. Transverse section of an ovary, — slightly mag- 
nified. 







WFitdx,dei etlith 



Yrncent Bret. 



Tab. 5494. 

CCELOGYNE fuscescens, var. brunnea. 

Reddish-brown Codogyne. 



Nat. Ord. Orchide.£. — Gynandbia Monandkja. 
Gen. CJiar. (Vide supra, Tab. 5462.) 



CtEiOGWE fuscescent, var. brunnea; pseudobulbia elongatis teretibus, foliis latis 
oblongis plicatis utrinque acutis, racemo nutante paucifloro, bracteis deci- 
duis, sepalis lanceolatis acuminatis, petalis angustioribus conformibus, la- 
belli trilobi lobis lateralibus porrectis subacutis, lobo medio subquadrato 
piano lineis 3 elevatis juxta basin. Lindl. qiubusdam mutatis. 

C(EL0Gyne fuscescens, var. brunnea. Lindl. Fol. Orch., et in Gard. Chron. 1848, 
p. 11. cum icone. 



This beautiful Codogyne was first seen in our gardens about 
the year 1848, when a notice of its flowering appeared in the 
' Gardeners' Chronicle/ but it would seem to have been almost 
immediately lost, — at all events I am not aware that it has ever 
blossomed a second time. This circumstance is the more re- 
markable since the plant, which Messrs. Hugh Low and Co. 
have lately re-introduced, is now found to grow freely and flower 
profusely under the most ordinary treatment. It is a native 
of Moulmein, from whence it was sent by Mr. Parish to Messrs. 
Low. It has already blossomed in several places, but the finest 
specimens were produced in Mr. Day's collection, and from 
these, with his kind permission, the accompanying figure was 
prepared. The species flowers in the winter months, and con- 
tinues in beauty for several weeks. It is among the best of the 
Ccelogynes. — /. B. 

Descr. Pseudobulbs round and rather narrow, from three to 
four inches long, and nearly the same distance apart, bearing 
two broad plicated leaves, tapering at either end. Raceme nod- 
ding, appearing before the leaves, and usually bearing from three 
to eight flowers, all expanded at the same time, and continuing 
long in perfection. Bracts sheathing, speedily falling off. Sepals 
(of which the dorsal is the broadest) lanceolate-acuminate, much 
wider than the slender linear petals ; both are upwards of an 
inch long, and of a very delicate texture, white, with a yellowish 

FEBRUAEY 1st, 1865. 



tint. Lip (in the variety represented in the Plate) distinctly 
three-lobed, the lateral lobes stretching forward and coming to 
a blnntish point, which is slightly turned backwards, whitish 
outside, but internally speckled and margined with brown ; the 
middle lobe is nearly square, whitish at the edges, but passing 
into rich chestnut-brown at its base, where are three elevated 
longitudinal streaks of a brilliant orange. Column slightly bent, 
and wingless. 



Fig. 1. Column and anther. 2. Pollen-masses. 3. Front view of the label- 
lum : — magnified. 




Vincent £: 



Tab. 5495. 
MANETTIA micans. 

Sliowy Manettia. 



Nat. Ord. Rubiace^e — Tetkandbia Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx tubo turbinato, cum ovario connato ; limbi superi, quadri- 
quinquepartiti, lobis lineari-lanceolatis, accessoriis dentibus totidem saepius inter 
lobos. Corolla supera infuudibulif oralis, tubo tereti v. tetra-pentagono, fauce 
ampliata pilosa ; limbi brevissime quadri-quinquefidi, lobis obtusis, patentibus v. 
revolutis. Stamina 4 v. 5, corollse fauci iuserta ; fllamenta filiformia, subexserta ; 
antherce ovatae, incumbentes. Ovarium infertmi, biloculare. Ovula plurima, pla- 
centis cylindricis e basi dissepimenti utrinque adsceudentibus undique inserta, 
amphitropa. Stylus filiformis; stigma obtuse bilobum, subexsertum. Capsula 
membranacea, calycis limbo coronata, bilocularis, septicido-bivalvis. Semitia plu- 
rima, compressa, peltata, imbricata, ala membranacea cincta. Embryo in axi 
albuminis carnosi orthotropus ; cotyledonibus ovatis, subfoliaceis, radicula cylin- 
drica infera. — Herbse v. suffrutices volubiles, in America tropica crescentes ; 
ramis gracilibus; foliis oppositis, brevissime petiolatis v . subsessilibus, ovato-oblongis 
v. subcordatis ; stipulis talis, brevibus, aculis, smpius cum petiolorum basi subcon- 
cretis ; pedunculis axillaribus, uni-muUifloris, nudis v. medio bibracteolatis. Endl. 



Manettia micans; glaberrima, volubilis, foliis ovatis v. ovato-lanceolatis acumi- 
natis, ramulis floriferis (v. paniculis foliosis) elongatis, pedunculis bracteatis 
1-3-floris, stipulis latis brevibus minute ciliatis, calycis laevibus, bmbi la- 
ciniis lineari-subulatis, corolla biunciali, tubo clavato-cylindraceo, limbi 
laciniis triangularibus patentibus. 

Manettia micans. Pcepp. et Endl. Nov. Gen. et Sp. Peruv. v. S.p. 24. Walp. 
Repert. Bot. «?. 2. p. 508. 



This fine species of Manettia is quite different from the Bra- 
zilian M. cordifolia, given at our Tab. 3202, and quite new to 
our collections ; hitherto only described by Pceppig and End- 
licher as a native of woods of Mayna, in Peru. We possess 
an original specimen from Pceppig, and others gathered in 
Peru by M'Lean and by Mathews (Tarapota, n. 1343). It 
has recently been imported by Messrs. Veitch, from Muna, ele- 
vation 3-4000 feet, by their South American collector, Mr. 
Pearce, and promises to be a most interesting stove-climber. 
The leafy panicles of flowers are of the brightest red-orange. 

FEBBUABY 1ST, 1865. 



The plant has flowered in King's Road Nonary in December, 

1864. 

Walpers, in the second volume of his Report. Bot., has most 
carelessly given three of the four new species of Peruvian Ma- 
nettice of Poeppig as inhabitants of Brazil, whereas they are 
expressly stated to be Peruvian. 

Descr. Apparently a vigorous climber, extending some twenty 
feet, according to Pceppig. The leaves on the older branches 
attain a length of three to three and a half inches, and are never 
cordate at the base ; those on the flowering-branches (or rather 
leafy and drooping panicles) are smaller and usually broader in 
proportion ; these leaves become brads on the ultimate branch - 
lets or peduncles. The species is by far the most beautiful 
known to us. 



Fig. 1. Corolla, laid open. 2. Calyx and pistil. 3. Transverse section of 
ovary : — magnified. 







WFitch,deletlith. 



Vincent BrooH IlT1 P' 



Tab. 5496. 

ARIS^EMA papillosum. 

Papillose Arisema. 



Nat. Ord. Akoide^:. — Moniecia Monandria. 

Gen. Char. Spatha basi convoluta, limbo fornicato v. planiusculo. Spadix in- 
ferne unisexualis, superne genitalibus rudimentariis interdum plane deficientibus 
auetus, apice exserto vel incluso nudus. Jnthera in filamentis distinctis verti- 
cillatae, loculis discretis vel appositis, poro vel rima subtransversali dehiscentibus. 
Ovaria plurima, libera. Ovula 2-6, rariusve plura, in funiculis brevibus e pla- 
centa basilari recta, orthotropa. Stylus brevis v. subnullus; stigma capitato- 
peltatum v. depresso-hemisphsericum. Baccee mono-oligospermae. Semina sub- 
globosa, testa coriacea v. membranacea, umbilico basilari lato. Embryo in axi 
albuminis, antitropus, extremitate caudiculari umbilico e diametro opposita. — 
Plantar perennes, in Asia tropica montibus, deinde in Asia extratropica orientali, 
et in America boreali indigence, rhizomate tuberoso, acaules v. foliorum petiolis basi 
vaginantibus cum scapo centrali concretis caulescentes ; lamina rarissime indivisa, 
nunc peltatisecta, nunc pedati- v. palmatipartita ; segmentis sessilikis v. stipitatis, 
integerrimis v. rarius eroso-serratis, subreticulato-venosis. Endl. 



Ak.ts.ema papillosum ; tubere rotundato superne radiculoso, scapo solitario uni- 
foliato vaginato, petiolo maculato, folio pedatipartito, laciniis 7-9 lanceo- 
latis anguste acuminatis, spatha albo-vittata inferne subcylindracea, superne 
ovata cucullata longe acuminata stricta, spadice subincluso apice clavato 
nudo, inferne omnino antherifero, pistillis deficientibus papillasformibus. 

Aris.ema papillosum. Schott. Steudel in Schott, Prodr, Syst. Aroid. p. 46. 
Thw. Enum. PI. Ceyl. p. 335. 

Arisema erubescens. Schott. Melet. v. 1. p. 17 ? et in Prodr. Syst. Aroid. 
p. 53? 



When we described our Ariscema Murrayi, at Tab. 4388 of 
this work, we noticed that Blume, in his ' Rumphia,' had re- 
corded thirty-one species, mostly of Asiatic origin. Schott, in 
his more recent 'Prodromus Systematis Aroidearum,' has in- 
creased the list to eighty-one, including certain doubtful species. 
The one here represented is a native of the Nilgherries, and 
it has lately been found by Thwaites in Ceylon, whence the 
tubers were kindly communicated to us. It is described as 
there inhabiting the Central Province of the island, at an eleva- 
tion of 4000-6000 feet. The large tuberous roots are used as 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1865. 



a medicine by the Cingalese, and sometimes called " Snakeroot." 
It is by the root that they probably increase in their native re- 
gions, for in our species {A. Murray}, above mentioned, and in 
the singular A. pracox, Tab. nostr. 5267, as well as in the pre- 
sent instance) no pistils are produced. 

The specific name papillosum is probably given by the author 
on account of the papilliform abortive pistils on the spadix. 



Fig. 1. Much reduced figure of an entire plant. 2. Tuber. 3. Flowers and 
leaf. 4. Spadix: — natural size. 5 and 6. Anthers, — more or less magnified. 
7. Abortive papilliform pistils, — magnified. 



-^ 




Tab. 5497. 

ALOCASIA Lown ; var. picta. 

Mr. Low's Jlocasia ; variegated var. 



Nat. Ord. Arc-ide^e. — Moncecia M on anuria. 

Gen. Char. Spatha tubus persistens ; lamina cucullata, cymbiformis. Spadix 
appendiculatus, spatha paulo brevior, inferne ovariis (ovaridiisque interdum) 
medio floribus neutris, infra apicem synandriis dense obsitus. Ovaria subastyla. 
Stigma depresso-hemisphaericum. Synandria breviter stipitata, loculis sub vertice 
aperientibus. Fructus spatha tubo irregulariter disrupto et revoluto invohieratus. 
Bacca rotund ato-obovata (rubra). Semen depresso-hemisphaericum. — Rhizoma 
plerumque elatum, arborescens, approximato-tenuiterque cicatrizatum. Folia juve- 
nilis plantce peltata, vetustioris sape ad petiolatum usque bipartita. Costa et 
venae utrinque elevato-prominenles. Pedunculi breviusculi plures ex una axilla. 
Spadices suaveolentes. — Indicte. Schott. 



Alocasia Lowii ; acaulis; foliis longe petiolatis cordato-sagittatis acuminatis, 
petalis subtus purpureis, supra atro-viridibus nitidis, sinu profundo, costis 
costulis margineque incrassato albis, scapo basi vaginato-bracteatis superne 
teretibus, spatha alba tubo inrlato-globosa, lamina oblongo-cymbiformi, 
spadice spatha breviore, ovariis subglobosis, stylo subnullo, stigmate sessili 
4- 5-lobato, lobis acutis patentibus. 

Alocasia Lowii, Hook. Bot. Mag. t. 5376. 

Caladium Veitchii. Feitctis Cut. {Henderson). 

Var. jS. picta; foliis supra atro-viridibus supra costis costulisque albido late 
albidoque marginatis venulisque albis, petiolo virido-striato, annulatisque 
bracteis spathaque rnbro tinctis. (Tab. nostr. 5497.) 



Superior as this Aroideous plant is, in point of beauty, to 
that we have figured at Tab. 5376, it cannot but be considered 
a more highly-coloured and variegated variety of it. Its genus 
is unquestionably the same ; but whether we have done right in 
referring our Alocasia Lowii and A. metallica (Tab. nostr. 51 90)^ 
both to the genus Alocasia, we must leave to the judgment of 
those who are more familiar with this difficult family of plants 
than we are ourselves. Certain it is that we have erred in con- 
sidering our metallica to be the same as the plant of that name- 
in Schott's ' Synopsis Aroidearum,' for the author has lately, in 

march 1st, 1865. 



his • Prodromns Systematis Aroidearum,' abolished that species 
and referred it as a mere variety ("colore plus minusve atro- 
purpnreo") of the well-known Alocasia Indica, Schott {Arum 
Indicum of Roxburgh). Independent of other most important 
characters, the stigma of our A. metallica (and it is the same in 
A. Lowii) is remarkable, no less for its great size in proportion 
to the ovary than for its being deeply divided into three to five 
spreading acute lobes ; whereas in A. inodora the stigma is de- 
presso-hemispharicum, and is considered to be characteristic of 
the genus by that great writer on Aroidece, Schott. 

Let it be observed that both these splendid species we are now 
considering are inhabitants of the same country, Borneo, (perhaps 
now the finest country in the world for the researches of the 
botanist and the horticulturist,) and both of them were intro- 
duced by Messrs. Low, of Clapton. The plant here figured was 
communicated to us by Messrs. E. G. Henderson and Son, of 
Wellington Road, St. John's Wood, in April, 1864. 

Descr. Our plant was a solitary one, not (as yet at least) 
growing in dense tufts, like our Alocasia metallica, and it pos- 
sessed but one leaf ; its petiole springs with a broad base directly 
from the summit of the rhizome, annotated at the summit, and 
is a foot and a half high, green, purplish upwards, ringed and 
spotted with darker lines, shortly sheathing at the base. The 
blade of the leaf is fifteen inches long, peltate, sagittato-ovate, 
or subcordate, extremely handsome in colour, very full, dark- 
green above, edged with a thickened whitish margin, while the 
costa and primary veins are enclosed as it were in broad bands 
of a whitish or sea-green colour, melting into the dark-green or 
sending out slender white anastomosing veinlets, while the whole 
underside is rich purple. The sinus of the lobes is very deep ; 
the lobes are subparallel (not spreading), and have each a strong 
branch of the stout costa running down much nearer the inner 
than the outer margin. The primary veins or costules are remote 
and horizontal, but only on the outer side of the two branches 
just spoken of; on the rest of the leaf they are on both sides 
and nearly opposite. Scape from the short sheath at the base of 
the petiole, and very much shorter than it, pale- green speckled 
with dark purple, and clothed, for nearly its whole length, with 
sheathing pale-coloured bracts, elegantly lined and dotted with 
red. Spatha four and a half inches long, globose and green at 
the base, the rest cucullato-cymbiform, yellowish-white tinged 
with red. Spadix sessile or nearly so, the lowest portion clothed 
with pistils. Ovary globose. Style very short : stigma very large, 
of four to five star-like rays ; between these and the anthers is 
a contraction occupied by (/lands, of which the inferior are pro- 
bably abortive pistils, whilst the upper ones seem to pass gradually 



into the anthers, which occupy the greater portion of the centre 
of the spadix, and are thick and fleshy, discoid, with six to eight 
oblong cells at the sides, opening by pores at the apex or margin 
of the crenated disk. The apex of the spadix (or appendage)°is 
a cylindrical fleshy mass, longitudinally wrinkled. 



Fig. 1. Spadix,— natural size. 2. Pistils. 3. Glands seen on the spadix, 
between the pistils and the anthers. 4. Anthers :— magnified. 







W Fitch, 



Vincent Brooks, Imp- 



Tab. 5498. 

L.^ELIA PR.ESTANS. 

Admirable Lcella. 



Nat. Ord. Orchide^:.— GrNANDurA Moxandiua. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 5144.) 



Ljslia prastans; pseudobulbis stipitatis fusiformibus costatis monophyllis, fo- 
liis oblongis acutis, floribus solitariis, bracteis squamfeformibus abbreviatis, 
sepalis oblongis acutis, petalis multo latioribus ovato-oblongis obtuse acutis, 
labello libero trilobo, circa columnam omnino convoluto carnoso, carinis 4 
vel 6 per discum, columna crassa, superne dilatata, auriculis posticis apicu- 
laribus sibi incumbentibus. Ex Reichenbach. 

L.elia praestans. Reichen. fil. in Koch, Berlin. Allgem. Gartenzeitung , 1857, v. 
42. jo. 336. 

L.«LiA'praestans. Lindl. Gard. Chron. 1859, p. 240. 

Bletia praestans. Reich, fil. Xenia Orch. t. 114. 

Cattle y a purnila, var. major. Lemaire, Illustration Horticole, v. 6. 1859, 
p. 193. 



At first sight this rare and beautiful plant might be mistaken 
for a large variety of another Lselia, with which we have been 
Jong familiar under the various names of Cattleya pumila, C. mar- 
ginata, or C. Pinelli, but it is in reality perfectly distinct. Pro- 
fessor Reichenbach was the first to distinguish it, and he has 
given a most faithful representation in one of the Plates of his 
'Xenia Orchidacea/ his specimens having been obtained from 
the rich collection of Consul Schiller, of Hamburg. In this 
country the plant is still extremely rare, and I am not aware of 
its having bloomed except in the collections of Mr. Day and 
Mr. Marshall. It was from a plant that flowered finely in the 
garden of the latter gentleman that the accompanying figure was 
prepared. 

L. prcestans comes from the island of St. Catherine, and should 
be treated like other Brazilian Laelias and Cattleyas from the 
same locality ; but it prefers a block of hard wood to a pot, and 
it should always be placed near the glass. Its flowering season 
is November, and the blossoms are exceedingly durable. — /. B. 

Descr. Pseudobulbous stems rather club-shaped, three or four 
march 1st, 1865. 



inches high, shorter than the leaves. Leaves, one on each stem, 
not more than six inches long, fleshy, oblong, sharp-pointed. 
Peduncle short, one-flowered. Flowers larger and more fleshy 
than those of L. pumila, and more horizontally spread out. 
Bracts scale-like, short. Sepals oblong-acute, much narrower 
than the ovate-oblong petals, both being of a beautiful rosy-lilac. 
Lip free, three-lobed in front, wrapped entirely round the column, 
very stiff and fleshy, and incapable of being spread out flat un- 
less forcibly bisected down the middle ; along its disk run four 
or six elevated lines ; externally it is almost of the same colour 
as the petals, but its throat is yellow, and its upper portion of a 
rich purple. Column thick and stout, spreading out above, and 
carrying two auricles, that rest upon each other. 



Fig. 1. Column. 2, 3. Sections of the lip, showing the column : — magnified. 



5/ t 99. 






J: 



-ivi- 



m 





(fir v 




T CPitxii.,ciei.et"lith.' 



Y3n£en.tBrooteIinp- 



Tab. 5499. 
IRESINE Herbsti 

Mr. Herbsfs Iresine. 



Nat. Ord. Amaranthacej?:. — Dkecia Pentandria. 

Gen. Char. Mores dioici vel hermapliroditi, raro polygamo-monoici, tribracteati. 
Calyx 5-sepalus, sepalis subaequalibus erectis glabris. Stamina 5, rarissime 
pauciora, basi in cupulam connata. Filamenta filiformia. Staminodia nulla. 
Anther ee uniloculares, ovatae. Ovarium unilocular e, uniovulatum. Stylus brevis. 
Stigmata 2-3, teretiuscula. Fructus (utriculus) ovato-ovbicularis, evalvis, mono- 
spermus, calyce inclusus. Semen verticale, sublenticulare ; testa cnistacea. Albu- 
men centrale, farinaceum. Embryo annularis, periphericus, radicula ascendente. — 
Herbge raro suffrutices, in America tropica et subtropica obvia, in Nova-Hollandia 
intertropica rara,flaccida, glabriuscula vel glabra. Caules erecti vel procumbentes, 
ramosi. Folia opposita, petiolata. Plores minuti, dense spicato-capitati vel. laxe 
paniculati, plerique nitore metallico splendentes. Braetese concave ; inferior per- 
sistens. Pubes pauca, simplex. Moquin. 



Iresine llerbstii; herbacea, erecta, pilosiuscula, deraum glaberrima, tota (flo- 
ribus exceptis) pulcherrime purpureo-rubra atro-violaceo picta, caule angu- 
lato ramoso, foliis sublonge petiolatis oppositis cordato-rotundatis concavis 
apice profunde emarginatis subbilobis, paniculis copiosis terminalibus viiidi- 
stramineis subfoliosi3 subnutantibus. 

Iresine Hevbstii. Hook, in Gard. Chron. July Wi, 1864,^. 654, and December 
llth, 1864. Dombr. Floral Mag. t. 219 (foliage only). 

Achybanthes? Verschaffeltii. Ch. Lemaire in Illustr. Horticole, Aug. 1864, 
rf. 409 (foliage only). 



Amidst the many coloured-leaved plants which have been of 
late introduced into ornamental gardening, few are more striking 
than the one we now represent, and few have excited more in- 
terest among horticulturists, as may be inferred from the fact of 
its having been figured in two horticultural works before the 
flowers were known to the authors, and a first-class certificate 
was awarded to Mr. Herbst, of the Kew Nursery, Richmond, 
who introduced it to this country from the river Plate, South 
Brazil. Mr. Lemaire gives Para, in North Brazil, at the mouth 
of the Amazon, as its native country, whilst I myself possess a 
fine native specimen, with all the characters of the cultivated 
one, from Moyabamba, in the Andes of Peru, situated on a small 

MARCH 1st, 1865. 



river of the same name, not tar from the sources of the Amazon, 
gathered by Mr. Mathews (his n. 1 GIG). It is not a little re- 
markable, considering how distinct these three localities are from 
each other, and well as they have been explored by many and 
most able botanists, it should never have found a describer till 
now that it has thus come to our knowledge through our Floral 
Gardens. Martins, who made the Amaranthacea of Brazil his 
special study, and Spruce, who was indefatigable in his researches 
upon the Amazon river and its tributaries, seem never to have 
met with it ;* and the specimens in my Herbarium, where it has 
been for these thirty years seem wholly to have escaped the 
notice of the author of the Amaranihacea in De Candolle's ' Pro- 
dromus,' who had access to all of the order in our possession. 
It is therefore not without reason that we dedicate the plant to 
Mr. Herbst. The flowering specimen was, with many others, 
reared by him in the autumn and winter of l>G4-5. 

As the Iresine Herbstii is likely to become of great interest 
as a bedding-out plant, we shall subjoin an extract from Mr. 
Herbst's communication to the 'Floral Magazine :' — " It attains 
a height of from twelve to eighteen inches, and is without any 
trouble grown into a perfect specimen of the most globular form, 
as it produces a branch from the axil of every leaf. In a house 
too warm and close it no doubt grows taller, but even the stopping 
of the terminal shoot would make it branch very easily. The 
stem and branches are of a most beautiful, almost transparent 
carmine, while the leaf itself, strongly bilobed, is of a purplish- 
crimson underneath, dark maroon on its upper side, with its 
many broad ribs of a very prominent carmine. There is not a 
green spot on the whole plant, and whether placed in the shade 
or in the most brilliant sunshine, it produces a most admirable 
contrast with plants of a lighter colour. It has neither the gloomy 
appearance of the Peritta nor the woolly leaf of the Coleus, and 
is by no means so susceptible of cold and dampness combined 
as this latter plant. Another advantage it has is, that it does 
not flower either out-of-doors or in a warm greenhouse, where 
I have introduced several strong plants on purpose to induce it 
to flower, but without success." Since that time, however, Mr. 
Herbst has, by great care, caused plants to produce the panicles 
of flowers, which to a botanical eye detract in no way from the 
charm of the plant, as may be seen by our figure. 



Fig. 1. Female flower. 2. The same, with the perianth removed -.—magnified. 
* See a note on this subject under our next Tab. (5500). 



3600. 




icent Brooks, Imp ■ 



Tab. 5500. 

AGLAONEMA marant.<efolium; var.foliis maculatis. 

Maranta-leaved Aglaonema • var. with variegated leaves. 



Nat. Ord. Aeoide^. — Mono:cia Monandbia. 

Gen. Char. Spatha brevis, tubo indistincto, ex toto hians, tandem a basi de- 
cidua? Spadix stipitatus. Omnia pauca, ovulo basi fixo, subsessili, stigmate 
magno infundifuliformi-discoideo. Antherm vertice quadriporosae, locellis basi 
sejunctis, apice conniventibus, poris tandem confluentibus aperientes. Bacca 
ellipsoidea. Semen ellipsoideum, germinatione admotiva. — Frutices erecti. Cau- 
dex dense annulato-cicatrizatus. Petiolus brevis, vaginatus. Lamina foliorum 
oblonga, pinnativenia, costa supra canaliculata, venis in margine longe procurren- 
tibus, superioribus apicibus arcuatim conniventibus. Spadix odoratus. Fructus 
e baccis glomeratis. Schott. 



Aglaonema marantqfolium ; caudice tereti annulato demum elongato apice 
folioso, foliis spithamseis oblongo-acuminatis basi obtusis insequilateralibus 
costatis parallelim subobscure venosis petiolatis, petiolis folio sublongioribus 
supra medium vaginantibus, scapis petiolo paullo longioribus teretibus, spatha 
3-4-unciali erecto pallide flavo-virescente cyrabiformi apice subito subu- 
lato-acuminato basi solummodo convoluto spadice longitudine fere spatlia?, 
brevi-stipitato, floribus inferioribus foemineis, reliquis usque ad apicem 
spadicis masculis. 

Aglaonema marantsefolium. Blume, Rumphia, v. 1. p. 13. t. 66. Schott, Prodr. 
Syst. Jroidearum, p. 303. Kth. Enum. PL v. 3. p. 55. 

Calla oblongifolia. Roxb. Fl. Ind. v. 3. p. 516. Wight, Ic. PL Ind. Or. v. 3. 
t. 806. 

Appendix erecta. Rumph. Herb. Amb. v. 5. p. 487. t. 182./. 2. 

Var. maculatum; foiiis maculis pallidis variegatis. (Tab. noste. 5500.) 

Calla picta. Roxb. Fl. Ind. v. 3. p. 516. Wight, Ic. PL Ind. Or. v. 3. t. 804. 

Aglaonema commutatum. Schott, Synops. Aroid.p. 123; Prodr. p. 304. 



A native of the Malay Islands, and probably not uncommon 
there, especially in the Moluccas, figured (but upon a reduced 
size) by old Rumphius, and more recently and more accurately 
by Dr. Wight, and by the second Rumphius (Blume). The whole- 
coloured variety has been long cultivated in our gardens, but the 
spotted-leaved variety has only recently been imported in Euro- 

MAECH 1st, 1865. 



pean gardens from Manilla by Messrs. Veitch and Son. We think 
it more than probable that this state of the plant is the A. commu- 
tatum of Schott, Synops. p. 123, for his description sufficiently 
agrees with our plant, as does the analysis of the fructification in 
his fine work on the ' Genera Aroidearum.' The difference of the 
venation, on which he lays so much stress, we find to be vari- 
able on the same plant, and even on the same leaf. The plant 
is a graceful one, and in age the stem-like caudex increases con- 
siderably in length. 

It has been generally considered that plants with gay-coloured 
or variegated foliage are pre-eminently natives of the Malay Is- 
lands and that region, but it will probably be found that those 
of tropical America are equally deserving of cultivation. On in- 
quiring of my friend Mr. Spruce if he did not meet at Para or on 
the Moyobansha with the fine-coloured Iresine Herbstii, figured 
in our present number of the Magazine, he says, " I have some 
recollection of seeing an Amaranthacea very like it, but I did not 
gather it, because it was out of flower;" and he adds, "You 
know that when I left England in 1849 nobody cared for painted- 
leaved plants, and it was not till I got to the western side of the 
Andes that I learnt there was such a rage for them. I then re- 
membered how many striped and spotted leaves I had seen of 
Scitaminea, Aroideat, Cissi, etc., in the Amazon Valley, and had 
admired their beauty, but never dreamt that anybody would care 
for them in England. For the same reason Martius might easily 
pass over a painted-leaved Amaranth in South Brazil, where you 
say he ought to have seen it." 



Fig. 1. Male flower, a stamen. 2. Female flower, pistil, which is quite 
goblet-shaped. 3. Transverse section of the ovary. 4. Vertical section of the 
same, with a solitary ovule in the cell -.—magnified. 



5501. 




yi. Pitch, del. etlith. 



YincenLBrQok3,ltr? ■ 



Tab. 5501. 
ACROPERA Armeniaca. 

Apricot-coloured Acropera. 



Nat. Ord. Orchide^e. — Gynandria Monandria. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 3563.) 



Ackopera Armeniaca; racemo laxo multifloro, sepalis apiculatis lateralibus ob- 
liquis apice rotundatis, petalis liberis columna duplo brevioribus, labello 
calceato carnoso apice libere ovato piano acuminato intus pone basin crista 
tuberculata aucto. Lindl. I. c. 

Acropera Armeniaca. Lind. in Paxt. Mow. Gard. cum xylo. v. 1. p. 140. 



Although introduced to our collections about the year 1850, 
no coloured representation has yet appeared of this beautiful 
plant, which is by far the most ornamental species of the sin- 
gular genus to which it belongs. It was discovered by Warsze- 
wicz in Nicaragua, and was probably distributed under the 
hammer of Mr. Stevens soon after its arrival in this country, but 
it is still exceedingly rare. Indeed, but for the care bestowed 
upon the plant at Oulton Park, where it originally flowered, 
and from whence, through the kindness of Sir Philip Egerton, 
my own specimens were derived, it would in all probability ere 
this have been lost to our gardens. Nothing can be simpler 
than its cultivation, but it requires a pot and a fair amount of 
heat, and, being a rapid grower, it should be broken up, like 
the Gongoras and Stan/iopeas, every second or third year. It 
flowers abundantly during the summer months. There is a 
great family likeness among the Acroperas, and therefore, al- 
though botanically distinct, it is not desirable to attempt to cul- 
tivate them all. Where a selection is made, A. Batemanni and 
A. Armeniaca are decidedly the best, and of these two the last is 
brighter in its colouring, and larger and handsomer in all its 
parts. — /. B. 



Fig. 1. Side view of a flower. 2. Front view of a column. 3. Front view 
of the labellum : — magnified. 
march 1st, 1865. 



5502. 




WFitch,deI.etlith. 



"Vincent Brooks Jmp ■ 



Tab. 5502. 
BILLBERGIA olbns. r ^ /V ^ 

Putrid-smelling Billbergia. 



Nat. Ord. liuo.MELiACE.t;. — Hexamjuia Moxogkxia. 

Gen. Char. Perigonii superi sexpartiti lucin'ue exleriores calyciuaj, aequales, 
ecarinatae, ereetaa, v. spiraliter convolutae, aristatas vel mutica:, apice hinc oblique 
dilatatae, interiores petaloideae, exterioribus raulto longiores, apice patentes vel 
erectae, intus basi squamosa^ v. bicristatae, ravius nudae. Stamina 6, epigyna ; 
filamenla filiformia, tria plerumque perigonii laciniis interioribus adnata; anthem 
ovatae, dorso afiixae, incumbentes vel suberectae. Ovarium inferum, triloculare. 
Ovula plurima e loculorum angulo centrali pendula, anatropa. Stylus filiformis; 
stigmata 3, petaloidea, convoluta, v. linearia crispa. Bacca subglobosa, trilocu- 
laris. Semina plura, nuda v. umbilicum filo gracili appendiculata. — Herbae Ame- 
ricana tropica, stspins super arborum truncis pseudoparasiticce, etteetpa eel scapi- 
gerce, foliis ligulatis, linearibus vel ensiformibus, ut plurimum spinuloso-serratis, 
floribus spicatis paniculatis vel racemoso-paniculatis, sipathis jloralibus nunc uitllis, 
nunc partis v. amplis, coloratis. Endl. 



Billbergia olens; caule inclinato brevi cicatricato, foliis numerosis termiua- 
libus erecto-patentibus subpedalibus ligulatis canaliculars spinuloso-serratis 
basi arete irnbricatis subventricosis apice mucronato-pungentibus, floralibus 
multo brevioribus erectis coccineis, spica oblonga sessili foliis floralibus raulto 
breviore, bracteata, bracteis late ovatis acuminatis arete irnbricatis pallide 
viridibus rubro-tinctis, corollis paululura exsertis intense purpureis, apice 
subpatentibus, unguibus subbilamellatis. 



This, to us, previously unknown Bromeliaceous plant was re- 
ceived at Kew from Dr. Kegel, of the Imperial Botanic Garden 
of St. Petersburg, in 1856, and produced its rich purple, but 
very much concealed flowers and brilliantly-coloured floral leaves, 
in a warm stove the following year. It seems quite to accord 
in habit and in generic character with the Billbergia omenta of 
Graham, in Bot. Mag. t. 2892, but is far more beautiful in the 
colour of the corollas, and still more of the floral leaves. It is 
to be regretted that no locality has been given with the plant, 
but no doubt it is a native of tropical America, where the spe- 
cies of the family to which it belongs are great ornaments to the 
trunks of the forest trees, and where they are often intermixed 

APRIL 1st, 1S6o. 



with equally beautiful Orchidaceous plants. The present species 
has many points in common with Jacquin's Trflandsia Uyulata 
(native of Martinique), of his Select. Stirp. American, p. 92. t. 
62 ; still more with the coloured figure of the same plant in the 
Nuremberg edition of that work, entitled ' Amerikanische Ge- 
wachse nach Linneischer Ordnung,' v. 2. t. 101, which plant 
Dr. Lindley refers to Plumier's and his genus Carayuata ; and I 
should perhaps have referred it to that species, but that Jacquin 
says the flowers are white, whereas here they are a rich purple. 
It is the old and decaying flowers only which emit the odour 
that has suggested the specific name. 

Descr. Our plants grow in a fasciculated manner ; the very 
short stem is thicker than one's finger, more or less scarred by 
the falling away of the lowest radical foliage. Leaves copious, 
imbricated, rather full green, glabrous, about a foot long, an 
inch or more wide, erecto-patent, ligulate, channelled, spinuloso- 
serrate at the margin, the apex sharply spinoso-acuminate, very 
pungent; the base sheathing and subventricose. Spike terminal, 
sessile, three inches long, amentiform, terminal, but so much 
shorter than the outer foliage, that it could not easily be seen 
but for the presence of the richly-coloured, erect floral leaves, 
longer, indeed, than the spike, but much shorter than the outer 
or cauline leaves. Bracts large, closely imbricated, greenish- 
white, tinged with reddish, very broad- ovate, almost sheathing. 
Floiuers mostly concealed by the bracts ; the apex of the corolla 
only exserted. Calyx of three, sheathing, elongated sepals ; petals 
with long claws, the spreading dark-purple limbs only exserted, 
the claws without scales, but with indistinct laminae. Stamens 
included, inserted near the middle of the claws. Filament very 
short; anther sagittate, pale-yellow. Ovary oblong; style fili- 
form, as long as the claws of the petals ; stiymas three, spirally 
twisted. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Petal and a stamen. 3. Pistil -.—magnified. The two 
other figures {natural size) represent a flowering plant; the spike of flowers 
covered by the foliage; and the plant cut through vertically, showing the posi- 
tion of the flowering- spike in the centre of the brilliantlv-coloured floral leaves. 




WFit^dd.etUth 



Vincent Brooks,Imp • 



Tab. 5503. 
ASTELIA Solandhi, 

Dr. Solanders Astelia, <5 



Nat. Ord. Liliacejs. — Dicecia IIexandiua. 

Gen. Char. Flares abortu polyganio-dioici. Peritonism sexpartitum, semi- 
glumaceum, persistens. Stamina imo perigonio inserta. Ooarium triloculare, 
v. dissepimentia incornpletis uniloculare, placentis parietalibus tribus. Otula 
plurima. Stylus nullus ; stigmata 3, obtusa. Baaca uni-trilocularis, polysperma. 
— Herbse, in insula Diemen, in Nova Zelandia, in America antarctica et in in- 
siilis Sandwich observata, habilu fere Tillandsise, et srepius pariter in arborum 
truncis vivis tel emortuis parasitica ; vadice fibrosa ; foliis radicalibus imbricatis, 
lanceolato-linearibus v. tnsiformibus, carinalis utrinque vel subtus appresse villous, 
basi sericeo-lanatis ; caule nullo v. brtvi planifolio ; floribus racemosis v. panicu- 
latis, rariusve subsolitariis ; pedicellis hand artictilatis, unibraclealis ; floribus 
exttis sericeis. End!. 



Astelia Solandri; foliis e basi lata densissime villosa longe lineari-subulatis 
2-3-costatis, paniculae ramis brevibus v. valde elongatis, masc. densifloris, 
floribus brevipedicellatis, perianthii profunde 6-partiti Liciniis membrana- 
ceis linearibus, filamentis elongatis, antheris lineari-elongatis >a /&«. panicolaa 
ramis densifloris, floribus minoribus tubo hemisphasrico, limbi lobis 6 re- 
flexis, staminibus sterilibus ore perianthii insertis, ovario globoso triloculari, 
ovulis placentis axillaribus affixis, stylo subelongato. Hook. fit. 

Astelia Solandri. A. Cunn. Prodr. Ft. Nov. Zd. in Hook. Comp. to Bot. Mag. 
v. 2. p. 374. Hook. fl. Ft. N. Zeal. v. I. p. 260, et in Handb. o/N. Zeal. 
Ft. p. 284. 

Astelia furfuracea. Banks et Sol. mss. cum ic. 



The genus Astelia of Banks and Solander is a very peculiar 
one, native exclusively of the southern hemisphere, which End- 
licher places in a group of Juncea he calls " Asteliese," while 
Dr. Hooker refers it to Liliacea, near Phormium and Cvrdyline, 
and of which five species are recorded as natives of New Zea- 
land, one in Oahu," one in Fuegia, and another in Tasmania. 
"All," Dr. Hooker observes, " are densely-tufted herbs, with a 
short, creeping rhizome, with very long leaves, more or less 
covered with shaggy wool or silvery hairs. The large kinds 
form a conspicuous feature on the lofty trees of New Zealand 
forests, where, growing epiphytically on branches, they resemble 

APRIL 'ST, 1365. 



gigantic birds'-nests. The smaller kinds inhabit marshes. We 
have already published one species from New Zealand at Tab. 
5175 of this Magazine, and we have now the pleasure of figur- 
ing a second, also from New Zealand, where it is common on 
trunks of trees in the northern and middle islands, for which 
our gardens are indebted to the late lamented Dr. Sinclair. It 
has flowered copiously with us in a cool greenhouse. 

Descr. Dr. Hooker gives the following account, drawn up 
from living plants in New Zealand: — " A very large species. 
Leaves two feet long, spreading and recurved, three inches broad 
at the base, and there clothed with dense, snow-white, silky, 
villous wool, glabrous above, silky below, with three strong 
nerves. Male: Scape stout. Panicle six to eighteen inches 
long; branches, with the flowers included, one inch across. 
Flowers very crowded, closely pedicelled. Perianth very large, 
half an inch long, membranous ; segments linear, obtuse, silky 
externally. Filaments half an inch long; anthers linear-oblong. 
Female ■. Scape stout, curved. Panicle with very long, slender 
(rarely short, stout) branches, eight to twelve inches long. 
Flowers close-set, fascicled or whorled ; pedicels slender, half an 
inch long. Perianth much smaller and more scariose than on 
the male; tube hemispheric; segments recurved. Ovary glo- 
bose, three-celled ; style straight." Our principal figure repre- 
sents the male plant. 



Fig. 1 Male flower. 2. Abortive pistil. 3. The same, cut throu-h HUM- 
Tersely ; the cells are filled with gelatinous fluid only 1—magmJUd. 



55C/,. 




WBteh.del.etttli 



"Vincent Broota, Imp. 



Tab. 5504. 
CATTLEYA quadricolor. 

Tour-coloured Cattleya. 



Nat. Old. ORCIIIDEiE. — Gynandrta Monaxdria. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 5-J49.) 



Cattleya quadricolor ; caulibns aiigustis compressis raonoplivllis, pedunculis 
1-2-floris, sepalis oblotigo-lanceoiatis obtusis, petalis spathulatis 3-plo latio- 
ribus, labello indiviso cuenllato hand dilatato, margine anteriore subt-ri^po. 
Bateman, Gard. Citron. 1864,/?. 269. 

Cattleya quadricolor. Lindl. wss. 

Cattleya quadricolor. Batem. in Gard. Citron. I.e. 



This beautiful Cattleya was sent many years ago to Mr. 
Rucker from New Granada, by one of his correspondents who 
met with a solitary plant of it on the upper waters of the Rio 
Magdalena. It soon flowered in Mr. Rucker's collection, and 
the specimens then produced were forwarded to Dr. Lindley 
who, being satisfied that it was a new species, gave it the appro- 
priate name of C. quadricolor, in allusion to the four colours, 
white, yellow, lilac, and purple, that are observable in its blos- 
soms. The latter are produced in the winter months, and con- 
tinue in perfection a long time, but they do not spread them- 
selves out so freely as those of most other Cattleyas do. 

When I first examined the flowers of C. quadricolor I felt no 
donbt that Dr. Lindley was right in regarding it as new ; and 
even to the present time I have seen no Cattleya with such 
closely imbricated white flowers, nor are its long upright nar- 
row pseudobulbous stems to be matched among the extensive 
importations that the Horticultural Society, the Messrs. Low, 
and others have received from the country in which it was ori- 
ginally found. Yet this very circumstance suggests a doubt as 
to whether it may not ultimately prove to be what botanists call 
a pcloria {i.e. a monster) of some other species, for if it wire 
really an independent form, it seems scarcely credible that none 
of the collectors now in New Granada should have met with it. 
aphii. 1st, 1SG5. 



But even if admitted to be a pehria, to what species must it be 
referred? The answer to this question opens a rather extensive 
field of inquiry, and implicates a large number of reputed spe- 
cies, including C. labiata, C. Mossia>, C. pallida, C. Warszeiciczii, 
C. Triancei, and C. Wageneri, which are found distributed over 
a vast range of territory extending from the heart of Mexico to 
the capital of Brazil. The first on the list, C. labiata, was found 
some thirty or forty years ago — where alas ! it is not to be 
found now — on the well-known Organ Mountains in the vici- 
nity of Rio Janeiro. The next, C. Mossus, was found on the 
Spanish main, and as it always bloomed in the spring or sum- 
mer, and had never more than two or three flowers on a scape, 
it was long considered distinct from C. labiata, which had inva- 
riably bloomed in November, and produced double the number 
of flowers. But last June I received luxuriant specimens of 
what was undoubtedly C. labiata from the garden of the Bishop 
of Winchester, while plants have been imported of C. MossicB 
producing four to six flowers on a scape, and thus the most 
marked distinctions between the two supposed species have 
entirely disappeared. Of C. pallida a solitary plant was found 
by Hartweg on his way to Oaxaca ; this has recently flowered 
at Knypersley, and proves to be, as Reichenbach suspected, 
identical with the C. Warszeiciczii delicata of Mr. Warner, which 
was found by the traveller whose name it bears in the interior 
of New Granada. This again is indistinguishable, except in 
colour, from C. Wageneri of the same country, and which has 
very naturally been regarded as nothing but a white variety of 
C. Moma. Finally Mr. Weir, the zealous collector of the Horti- 
cultural Society, mentions in one of his letters from Bogota, that 
he met with innumerable varieties— white, lilac, and rose — of a 
beautiful Cattleya that he gathered in that neighbourhood, and 
the dried specimens of which exactly resemble the flowers of 
C labiata, C. Trianm, and C. Warszeiciczii. From a collation 
of the facts before us, there would seem to be at least a high 
probability that all the six so-called species above referred to 
are in reality varieties of a single form that spreads itself— like 
-bpidendrum ciliare and B. cochleatum— over the whole Orchid- 
growmg region of tropical America. Whether or no C. quadri- 
color itself will have to be added to the list of cancelled species, 
is a question that time only can determine. Meanwhile the 
nybridizer plies his trade, and will speedilv render " worse con- 
founded" that "confusion" which is sufficiently perplexing, 
even as it comes to us from the hand of nature.—/. B. 

Descr. Pseudobulbous stems from six inches to a foot long, 
perfectly upright, narrower and more compressed than in other 
allied species. Leaves, one on each stem, narrow, strap-shaped, 



acute, usually about ten inches long. Peduncle issuing from a 
large spathe, and bearing one or two flowers about four inches 
across, but not so much spread open as is usual in this genus. 
Sepals pure white, oblong-lanceolate, obtuse. Petals slightly 
spathulate, three times wider than the sepals, and, like them, 
of the purest white. Lip undivided, cucullate, but not much 
opened out at the apex, which is somewhat curled, and of a 
deep purple ; below this there is a band of white, then streaks 
of yellow, the residue being rosy-lilac. Column entirely hidden 
by the lip. 



Pig. 1. Side view of column, — magnified. 



5505. 




Ttf?ifci»;d»l.*&k 






Tab. 5505. 
MASDEVALLIA Tovarensis, 

The Tovar Masdevattia. 



Nat. Ord. Orchide.e. — Gynandria Monandria. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 5476.) 



Masdevallia Tovarensis ; foliis oblongis subspathulatis apice rotundatis obso- 
lete tridentatis pedunculo ancipiti bifloro subaequalibus, bracteis membrana- 
ceis cucullatis, sepalis connatis, supremo anguste lanceolato in aristam Ion- 
gam producto, lateralibus ovatis multo ultra connatis dein liberis obtusis, 
arista brevi in apice, petalis oblongis subacutis incurvis, labello oblongo, 
medio margine utrinque emarginato acuto, nervis 3 prorainulis lateralibus 
elevatis cristatis, androclinii margine dentato. Reichenbach Jil. auibusdatn 
mutatis. 

Masdevallia Tovarensis. Reich, jil. in Bonplandia, v. 3. p. 24 ; v. 2. p. 28. 

Masdevallia Candida. Klotzsch, Karsten. 



The genus Masdevallia was specially selected by Dr. Lindley, 
when announcing the preparation of his ' Folia Orchidacea/ to 
illustrate the astonishing progress that had been made in our 
knowledge of Orchids since the publication, a quarter of a cen- 
tury before, of his 'Genera and Species/ In the latter work only 
three Masdevallias were described, though the number had risen 
to nearly forty at the time above referred to, and it has been 
largely augmented since then. But however plentiful the Mas- 
devallias in their native wilds, they have made their way slowly 
and reluctantly to the gardens of Europe, in which scarcely half- 
a-dozen — and these among the most insignificant of the race — 
have as yet produced flowers. The species, however, that is re- 
presented in the accompanying Plate will convey a more ade- 
quate notion of the attractiveness of its family, and may well 
challenge the attention, not of the botanist merely, but of every 
cultivator of rare and beautiful plants. 

Masdevallia Tovarensis, as its name implies, is a native of 
Tovar, in Columbia, where it was discovered at an elevation of 

APRIL 1st, 1865. 



several thousand feet, and sent to Germany many years ago, and 
it was from the latter country that Mr. Rucker received the 
plant from which, in November last, the present figure was ob- 
tained. In Mr. Rucker's collection it passed under the name 
of M. Candida, which, as Reichenbach has correctly pointed out, 
was erroneously given by the late Dr. Klotzsch to a plant that 
had already been described as M. Tovarensis. To add to the 
confusion, there exists in the collection of Lady Dorothy Nevill 
a plant under the name of M. Tovarensis, which is altogether 
different from the species now described, and of which I hope 
to give some account at a future time. 

Nearly all the Masdevallias may be classed among cool, and 
many of the species among the very coolest Orchids, being 
chiefly found at a great elevation on the Andes of New Gra- 
nada and Peru. Nothing can be easier than their cultivation, 
if the conditions of low temperature and almost constant hu- 
midity to which they are accustomed in their native habitats, 
be duly imitated. It is hoped that collectors may be induced 
to make the introduction of a number of these lovely plants a 
special object, for a group of twenty or thirty kinds might be 
grown in a space that would be insufficient to accommodate a 
single specimen of some of the larger Orchids, and with nearly 
half the amount of heat. Among the species particularly worth 
searching for, I would notice M. rosea, that covers the slopes of 
the Popayan Alps with flowers larger than those of M. Candida, 
and of the loveliest purple-rose colour ; M. racemosa, from the 
same country, with spikes a foot long, of flowers larger than 
any Burlingtonia, and of the most vivid scarlet ; and M. ele- 
phanticeps, from New Granada, with gold and purple blossoms 
six inches long, and the arrangement of which vindicates the 
propriety of the singular name given to it by Professor Reichen- 
bach (in whose 'Xenia' it is admirably figured), for it offers an 
almost exact similitude to an elephant's head, with tusks and 
trunk complete ! 

Another species, M. coccinea, a worthy rival to the best of 
the above, is happily already among us in a living state, having 
been brought over in a cigar- box by Warszewicz, and thus saved 
from the risk of decay which delicate plants incur if huddled 
together with those that are more robust. A neglect of this 
precaution caused the death of many splendid masses of M. ele- 
phanticeps that were imported by Messrs. Low and others during 
the last year. — ,/. B. 

Descr. Leaves about a span long, oblong, somewhat spathu- 
late, obscurely toothed at their extremities, nearly the same 
length as the upright two-edged peduncle. Bracts membranous, 
cucullate, enveloping the lower portion of the petiole. Flowers- 



two on each peduncle, continuing long in perfection, and of the 
purest white. Sepals, as is usual in this genus, coalesce at the 
base, and form a sort of cup ; the upper one lanceolate, and pro- 
longed for an inch into a slender awn ; the lateral sepals wider, 
and joined together much further than the upper one, and end- 
ing in short, slightly decurved awns. Petals oblong, slightly 
sharp-pointed, curved inwards about the length of the lip. Lip 
very small, oblong, acute, emarginate about the middle on either 
side, with three nerves down its centre, of which the two lateral 
ones are somewhat elevated. 



Fig. 1. Side view of ovary, lip, and petals. 2. Side view of column. 3. 
Lip. 4. Pollen-masses : — magnified. 



5506. 




Vincent Brooks, Imp- 



Tab. 5506. 
MONOCHiETUM dicranantherum. 

Dicranantherous Monochatum. 

Nat. Ord. Melastomacea. — Octanimua Monogyma. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 5341.) 



Monochatum dicranantherum ; frutex 1-2-pedalis ubique hispido-pilosus valde 
ramosus, ramis tetragonis rubris patenti-purpureo-pilosis, foliis lato-lanceo- 
latis acuminatis basi acutis brevipetiolatis quinquenerviis subtus pallidis, 
pilis utrinque appressis, paniculis secundariis copiosis in unam majorem 
parce foliosam digestis, floribus mediocribus diametro 9-10-lineas, calycis 
tubo ovato lsevi patenti-piloso, limbo 4-lobo, lobis ovatis acuminatis longi- 
tudine fere tubi, patentibus, extus pilosis, petalis subrotundis pulcherrime 
roseis, staminibus secundis alternatim majoribus, antheris deflexis, subula- 
tis, caleare lineari-subulato erecto incurvo, ovario basi adhserenti 4-costato 
dein libero, apice plurisetoso, stylo flexuoso, stigmate punctiformi. 

Monochatum dicranantlierum. Naud. in Triana, Fl. Nov. Grenad. v. 2. ined., 
et in Hook. Herb. 

Monochatum Hartwegianum. Naud. Melast. Monogr.p. 253. 

Arthrostemma (MonocliEetum) dicranantherum. Be Cand. Prodr. v. 3. p. 138 
(Jide Naudin). 

Rhexia dicrananthera. Ruiz et Pavon, v. 3. p. 84. t. 320. /. a. (Jde De Cand. 
et Naudin). 

Arthrostemma multiflorum. Bon, Mem. Wem. Soc. v. 4. p. 299. 



On the genus Monochatum of Naudin its author remarks : 
"Flore 4-mero, habitu specierura et praesertim singular! inter 
Melastomaas hujus tribus staminum fabrica, facile dignoscen- 
dum et omnino naturale. Species inter se difficilius dishn- 
S/uenda" At the time of the publication of his valuable Mono- 
graph of Melastomacea, M. Naudin did not seem to be ac- 
quainted with this species; but we have received authentic 
specimens of what he considers to be it from M. Triana, from 
Granada, and this we have no difficulty in determining to be 
the same specifically as ours, and of which we have copious 
native specimens from Professor Jameson, of Quito, gathered in 

APRIL 1st, 18G5. 



the lofty mountains of Ecuador (alt. 7-9000 feet), and from 
Mr. M'Lean, from Vita, Peru, and from Hartweg, New Granada, 
n. 1006. De Candolle, however, and Naudin consider it to be 
identical with the Rhexia dicrananthera, Ruiz and Pavon, 1. c, 
which is the authority for the Arthrostemma dicrananthera of 
De Candolle. It may be so, but Ruiz and Pavon's figure re- 
presents a more sturdy plant, with much smaller leaves, exactly 
and broadly ovate, obtuse at the base (" ut plurimum pollicaria, 
latitudine semipollicaria"), which leads me to doubt of the cor- 
rectness of that reference. 

It is an excessively pretty plant, deserving a place in every 
warm greenhouse. Our plants were reared from seed received 
from Professor Jameson by Isaac Anderson, Esq., of Hay Lodge, 
Trinity, Edinburgh, a most successful cultivator of plants, espe- 
cially those which he raises from seeds sent him by Professor 
Jameson, from the lofty Andes of South America. The species 
flowered abundantly with us in October, 1864. 

Descr. A small skru6,which with us has attained a height of 
a foot to eighteen inches, erect, much branched, especially up- 
wards, everywhere clothed with purple-brown setaceous hairs, 
appressed upon the foliage, generally spreading on the rest of 
the plant. Leaves always opposite, shortly petiolate, one to two 
and a half inches long, firm, rigid, bright-green above, pale be- 
neath, elliptico-lanceolate, obtusely acuminate, acute at the base, 
five-nerved, nerves impressed above, prominent beneath. The 
upper half of the plant, or more, consists of a series of small 
flowering panicles, collectively forming an oblong, multiflorous, 
large panicle, mixed with a few leaves, which, upwards, be- 
come small, narrow-lanceolate bracts. Tube of the hispid calyx 
ovate; limb rather shorter than the tube, five-lobed; lobes four, 
spreading, ovate, acuminate. Stamens eight, all inclined to one 
side, alternately a little larger. Filaments subulate. Anther 
suddenly deflexed, as long as filament, subulate, opening by a 
solitary pore ; spur erect, subulate, nearly as long as the anther. 
The lesser stamens seem to be sometimes abortive ; the spur the 
same as in the perfect stamens, but smaller. Petals four, sub- 
rotund, bright rose-colour. Ovary ovate, with the base only ad- 
nate with the inner tube of the calyx, by means of four elevated 
ridges. The rest free, setose on the summit, at the base of 
the style. Style longer than the pistil, flexuose. Stigma a mere 
point. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Petal. 3. Larger- and i. Smaller stamen -.—all mogniftd. 



55CI 




WRtBh.ieletlith. 



incerct Brooks, Imp. 



Tab. 5507. 
ARISiEMA Wightii. 

Dr. Wight's Arisania. 



Nat. Orel. AkoidevE. — Moncbcia Monandria. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 5496.) 



AuiSiEMA Wightii; tubere rotundato superne fibroso, scapo solitario uni-bifo- 
liato, infra petiolis vaginisque maculatis, foliolis quinque-foliolatis, foliolis 
radiatis elliptico-lanceohitis cuspidato-acuminatis, basi in petiolulis brevibus 
attenuatis, spatha pallide viridi inferne cylindraceo-tubulosa striata, ore vix 
contracto, superne ovato-lanceolata erecta acuminata concava apice acumi- 
nata incurva tubi loDgitndine, spadice interne contracto floribus sparsia 
infra fcemineis reliquis masculis, appendice erecta flavo-viridi, e basi incras- 
sata longissime subuluta omnino nuda. 

Aris^ema Wightii. Schott, in Bonpl. 1859, p. 26; et in Prodr. Syd. Aroid. 
p. 43. 

Ahis^ma filiforme. Thw. En. PL Zeyl. p. 334 (C. P. 3118), vix Blume. 



This species of Arisama we have received from our friend Mr. 
Thwaites as a native of the southern part of Ceylon, and he has, 
in his valuable ' Enumeratio Plantarum Zeylanise,' recorded it as 
the A. filiforme of Blume, in 'Ruraphia/ vol. 1. p. 102. t. 28,_ 
but has justly observed, — " In my specimens, the five folioles ot 
the leaf are radiate, not pedate, as Blume's figure represents 
them, but in other respects the resemblance appears to be per- 
fect." There is, however, a considerable difference in the colour- 
ing in the spadix and spatha, and not a little in shape of the 
latter, and our plant wants abortive flowers, which are found on 
the lower portion of the appendage of the spadix. Mr. Thwaites 
also refers with a mark of doubt to the Arismna eurvatttm, Kth. 
{Arum curvatum, Roxb.) ; but this is, too, a pedate-leaved plant, 
and different in the folioles, etc., of which 1 possess an authentic 
figure. It is indeed clearly the very little known Ariscema Wightn 
of Schott, in ' Bonplandia,' 1. c, and subsequently in his ' Pro- 
dromus Systematis Aroidearum,' native of the Carnatic Malabar, 
and extending to Ceylon. 

april 1st, 1865. 



Descr. Tuber nearly as large as the fruit of a Horse-chestnut, 
subglobose, rooting at the summit. Plant one to one and a 
half feet high. Stem erect, simple, sheathed in the lower half, 
and, as well as the sheaths, spotted. Leaves generally two, 
long, petiolate, q innate; leaflets or folioles four to five inches 
long, radiating, elliptical-lanceolate, suddenly and submucronato- 
acuminate, the bases gradually attenuated into short petiolules, 
quite simple (never pedate), penniveined ; veins simple, erecto- 
patent. Spatha three to three and a half inches long, of a uni- 
form pale-green, streaked with slightly darker shades of the 
same colour : the lower half a little swollen at the base, convo- 
lute into a cylindrical tube, equal in length with the floriferous 
portion of the spadix, which it encloses ; upper half, or lamina, 
nearly erect, ovato-lanceolate, concave, the superior portion of it 
much acuminate and more or less incurved over the mouth of 
the tube. Spadix throughout pale yellow-green, contracted im- 
mediately below the appendage, and there only floriferous ; the 
flowers singularly scattered, yet pretty regularly distant from 
each other ; the lower one-third is occupied by pistils, the rest 
by stamens ; no abortive flowers. Filaments stout, each bearing 
two one-celled subglobose anther-cells, with a transverse fissure. 
Pistil ovate ; stigma sessile, discoid. Appendage from a thick- 
ened subglobose base, subulate, six inches long, gradually taper- 
ing to an obtuse point, incurved in the lower portion, the rest 
erect. 



Pig. 1. Plant, on a very reduced scale. 2. Tuber, root, leaf, and flowers: 
— natural size. 3. Floriferous portion of the spadix, crowned by the base of 
t lie appendage,— natural size. 4. Stamen; and 5. Pistil :— magnified. 



550K. 



i 




Tab. 5508. 

CYPRIPEDIUM L.EVIGATUM. 

Glossy -leaved Ladys-slipper. 



Nat. OnL OucHiDEiE. — G-ynandria Diandria. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 5349.) 



Cypripedium Icevigatum; foliis distichis ensiformibus coriaceis obtusiusculis 
lsevigatis immaculatis scapo pubescente strieto 3-5-floro brevioribus, brac- 
teis ovatis acutis ovario 2-plo brevioribus, sepalis lateralibus connatis dor- 
sali ovato acuto conformibus, petalis sepalis 4-plo longioribus linearibus 
sursura in margine setoso-glanduligeris contortis acuminatissimis, labello 
angusto oblongo acutiusculo, staminodio cordiformi emarginato. Bateman. 

C. lasvio-atum. Bateman, mss. 



This fine new Cypripedium was discovered by Mr. J. G. Veitcli 
in the Philippine Islands, and by him sent to his father's esta- 
blishment at Chelsea, where it bloomed for the first time in 
March last. It is most nearly related to C. Stonei, the only 
other species known to have glossy leaves, but differs from it in 
the form and colour of its lip, which is small and of a dirty 
yellow, while that of C Stonei is large, with a pink front on a 
white ground ; the petals, too, of C. Stonei are not twisted, and 
only twice the length of the -sepals, while in C. Icevigatum they 
are much twisted, and at least four times the length of the sepals. 
Again in C. Stonei the dorsal sepal is striped on the outside with 
crimson, but is white within, whereas in C. Icevigatum the crim- 
son stripes are all on the inside. 

Mr. Veitch found C. Icevigatum established upon the roots of 
the well-known Vanda Balemanni, to obtain which was one 
main object of his voyage, though he sought for it long in vain, 
and had almost begun to despair of ever meeting with it, when 
running his boat one day ashore in the bay of a small island, he 
was delighted and astonished to find the rocks by the coast 
covered with huge masses of the plant of which he was in quest. 
As the Vanda affects a warm situation, the Cypripedium should 
be treated in the same way. At Chelsea it is placed in the East 
India house, where it grows freely. 

may 1st, 1865. 



Descr. Leaves distichous, sword-shaped, less than a foot long, 
very thick, with a polished glossy surface. Scape twice the length 
of the leaves, slightly pubescent, bearing from two to five flowers. 
Bracts ovate, acute, half the length of ovary. Dorsal sepal an inch 
long, broadly ovate, hairy externally, striped inside with purple, 
ovate, acute ; lateral sepals coalescing into one, resembling the 
upper one in form, but more acuminate, striped inside with 
green. Petals five or six inches long by little more than a 
quarter of an inch wide, tapering, crenulate along their upper 
margin, on which are some dark, hairy, glandular spots ; at the 
base they are of a green tint, which changes into chocolate- 
purple for about three-fourths of their entire length. Lip small 
for the genus, about as long as upper sepal, unguiculate for less 
than half its length, then abruptly saccate, with a curious bilobed 
horny process on either side, of a dirty-yellow throughout. Ovary 
pubescent, about two inches long, purplish-brown. Column or 
sterile stamen heart-shaped at its apex, and emarginate. — /. B. 



Fig. 1. Front view of lip. 2. Side view of sterile stamen (column), with its 
appendages. 3. Front view of ditto : — magnified. 



5509. 




'Y!Fitrin,dei.«lith. 



Vincent Brooksjmp. 



Tab. 5509. 
ARUM Pal^estinum. 

Jerusalem Arum. 



Nat. Ord. Aroide^e. — Mon(ecia Monandria. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 2432.) 



Arum Palastinum ; folio late hastato-aagittato lobo iatermedio late ovato-oblongo 
aubacuto lateralibus minoribus cousimilibus obtusiuaculis, pedunculo petiolo 
breviore, spatha} tubo brevi intus viridi lamina oblongo-lanceolata apice 
obtuae attenuata atro-purpurea immaculata, appendice obsolete stipitato- 
elongato cylindraceo obtuso atro-purpureo, organis neutris supra stamina 
et inter stamina et ovaria e basi late subulatis purpureis. 

Arum Palaestinum. Boi&s. Biagnos. v. VS. p. 6. Schott, Prodr. Syst. Aroid. 79. 



A singular though not showy plant, discovered by the distin- 
guished Genevan botanist and traveller M. Boissier, near Jeru- 
salem, from whence also the plant here figured was procured by 
Messrs. Veitch, of the Royal Exotic Nursery. _ Except in the 
broader leaves, our specimen agrees perfectly with Boissier and 
Schott's descriptions, as also with a plant which flowered in the 
Imperial Garden of Schonbrunn, and of which the late Dr. Schott 
has kindly communicated a dried specimen under this name. 

Descr. Tuber not described. Leaf appearing about the same 
time as the flower, six inches long, as broad across the lobes, 
cordate, hastate ; central and lateral lobes broadly ovate- oblong, 
hardly acute; texture subcoriaceous, bright-green. Peduncle 
shorter than the petiole. Spatha about as long as the leaf, its 
sheath broad, short, green externally and internally ; blade elon- 
gate, lanceolate-oblong, gradually narrowed to a rather broad 
subacute point ; dirty-green externally, black-purple within, not 
spotted. Spadix shorter than the spatha. Ovaries forming 
a short, crowded, subcylindric cone, green, with purple stigmas, 
horizontal. Anthers broadly oblong, shortly stipitate, with short 
subterminal slits. Neuter organs both above and below the 
anthers, subulate, with very broad bases, purple. Appendix four 
may 1st, 1865. 



to five inches long, cylindric, narrowed below into an obscure 
stipes, obtuse, black-purple. 



Fig. 1. Spadix. 2. Stamen. 3. Neuter organ. 4. Ovary. 5. Longitu- 
dinal, and 6. Transverse section of ditto : — all magnified. 




"X 



i ,< 




WEk 






Brooks,^' 



Tab. 5510. 

RAPHIOLEPIS Japonica, Sieh. et Zucc. ; 
var. integerrima. 

Japanese Rhaphiolepis, entire-leaved variety. 



Nat. Ord. Rosacea. — Icosandria Digynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx infundibuliforniis, 5-dentatus, lobis deciduis. Petala 5, 
obovata v. oblongo-lanceolata. Stamina ad 20, filamentis filiformibus. Ovarium 
2-loculare; styli 2, exserti, stigmatibus capitellatis. Ovnla in locidis gemina. 
Pomum disco incrassato clausum, putaraine chartaceo. Semina gibba, testa co- 
riacea crassissima. — Arbores et frutices Chinenses v. Japonica. Folia simplicia, 
alterne coriacea, sempervirentia, integerrima v. crenulata. Racemi terminates, 
erecti ; bracteis squamosis persistentibm. 



Baphiolepis Japonica; foliis obovatis obovato-oblongis oblongo-lanceolatisve 
obtusis acutisve integerrimis v. crenato-sen'atis, bracteis amplis oblongis 
ol)tusis ciliatis, calycis lobis parvis triangulari-ovatis ciliatis, petalis late 
oblongis. 

Raphiolepis Japonica. Sieb. et Zucc. Fl. Japon. v. 2. p. 35. 

Yar. integerrima ; foliis crasse coriaceis obtusis v. obtuse apiculatis integerrimis. 

Raphiolepis integerrima. Hook, et Jrn. Bot. Beech. Voy. 263. 



A remarkably pretty plant, with thick, evergreen, shining 
leaves, and large, white, odorous flowers. We first received it 
at the Royal Gardens from Berlin, in 1862, and more recently 
from other quarters. Its native countries are Japan, Bonin, 
and the Korean Islands. Though very variable in habit, sta- 
ture, and foliage, it may always be distinguished from its near 
ally, the Chinese B. Indica, by the much larger flowers and 
large broad obtuse bracts. 

Descr. A shrub. Branches stout, glabrous, often as thick 
as a swan's quill. Leaves alternate and obscurely whorled, two 
to three inches long, shortly petioled, broadly obovate, obtusely 
apiculate, dark-green and shining above, paler below, obscurely 
veined. Panicles terminal, erect, two to four inches high, 
densely clothed below with large, green, imbricating, oblong, 
concave, ciliated bracts; branches few, and pedicels stout. 

may 1st, 1865. 



Flowers two-thirds of an inch in diameter, snow-white. Calyx- 
tube narrow, turbinate, pubescent ; lobes ovate-triangular, smallj 
ciliate. Petals broadly oblong, obtuse, ciliate at the base. Fila- 
ments white. 



Fig. 1. Petal. 2. Ovary and calyx. 3. Vertical; and 4. Transverse section 
of the ovary : — all magnified. 



5511. 




WFitch.AeleLHth. 



Vincent- Brooks ImP- 



Tab. 5511. 
hypcestes sangu1n0lenta. 

Blood-veined Hypcestes. 



Nat. Ord. Acanthaceje. — Diandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx lierbaceus, 5-fidus v. 5-partitus. Corolla 2-labiata, resu- 
pinata ; tubus rectus v. paulo curvus, saepe elongatus, labio superiore non galeato 
3-fido, lobo medio lateralibus majore ; inferiore integerrimo v. 2-dentato, saapis- 
sime convexo. Stamina fertilia 2, antheris 1-locularibus. Semina retinacuio 
uncinato suffulta. — Herbae v. suffmtices. Folia opposita. Inflorescentia varia. 



Hypcestes sanguinolenta ; caule acute tetragono angulis pubescenti-toraentosis, 
foliis petiolatis oblongis obtusis integerrimis in petiolum sensim angustatis, 
nervis rubro late marginatis, floribus paniculatis, bracteis parvis ovato-lan- 
ceolatis, sepalis lineari-subulatis ciliatis, corolla resupinata pallide pur- 
purea, lobo inferiore quadrato-oblongo apiculato, superiore 3-lobo, lobis 
subaequalibus late oblongis, fauce albo purpureo variegato, ovario apice 
hispido. 

Eranthemum sanguinolentum. Van Houtte, Flore des Seires, 157. t. 1391. 



A pretty little Acarithaceous plant, conspicuous for the broad 
pale-purple bands that mark each vein of leaf. It flowered in 
the Royal Gardens, Kew, from plants received from Messrs. 
Veitch, of the Royal Exeter Nursery, Chelsea, and is stated to 
be a native of Madagascar. In the present confused state of the 
genera of Acantkacece, it is not easy to determine that of this 
plant : that it can have nothing to do with Eranthemum is ob- 
vious ; it accords pretty well with the characters of Hi/pastes, in 
which we place it, and of which there are many African and 
Madagascar species. 

Descr. Stems six to twelve inches high in our plants, acutely 
quadrangular, pubescent, especially in the angles. Leaves about 
three inches long, oblong or obovate-oblong, obtuse, narrowed 
into a rather broad petiole, entire, the margin waved a little, 
pubescent on both surfaces. Panicle erect, four to six inches 
high, sparingly branched, branches erecto-patent, bracts ovato- 
subulate, shorter than the calyx. Flowers pale-purple, with a 

may 1st, 1865. 



white throat, and darker markings of purple on the white. 
Sepals narrow, ciliate, shorter than the corolla-tube. Corolla 
resupinate: tube slender, curved; lower lobe subquadrate-ob- 
long, upper bluntly trifid. Stamens two, with one-celled an- 
thers. Ovary glabrous, hispid towards the top. Stigma bifid. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Calyx and style. 3. Calyx and ovary. 4. Ovarv. 
5. Stamen: — all magnified. 



5512. 




"W!Pitch,(ial.etMv. 



YmcentBrookaln* 



Tab. 5512. 
AUCUBA Japonica. 

Japanese Aucuba. 



Nat. Ord. Corner. — Dicecia Tetrandiua. 



Gen. Char. Flares dioici. Masc. : Calyx parvus, 4-dentatus. Petala 4, sub 
margine disci inserts, ovata v. lanceolata, pateutia, valvata. Stamina 4, cum 
petalis inserta, filamentis brevibus subulatis ; anthers didymse. Ovarii rudi- 
mentum 0. FffiM. : Calycis tubus ovario adnatus, limbo breviter 4-dentato. 
Petala maris. Stamina 0. Ovarium inferum, 1-loculare, disco epigyno corona- 
tum ; stylus brevissimus, stigmate oblique peltato ; ovulum solitavium, pendulum. 
Bacca ovoidea, carnosa, 1-sperma. Semen loculum implens, testa membranacea ; 
embryo minutus, in apice albuminis copiosi carnosi. — Frutices Japonici et Hima- 
laici, glabri v. partibus novellis appresse pilosulis. Folia opposita, petiolata, 
coriacea, ovato-oblonga v. lanceolata, serrata. Paniculse breves, ex axillis supe- 
rioribns ortce, paucijiora. Flores parvi. Baccse majuscules, rubra. 



Aucuba Japonica ; foliis ovatis acuminatis grosse remote dentatis, petalis late 
ovatis acutis. 

Aucuba Japonica. Thunb. Jap. v. 4. t. 12. Bot. Mag. 1. 1197 {female plant, 
variegated variety). 



The Aucuba Japonica affords a singular instance of the great 
length of time that may elapse between the first information of 
a remarkable plant being received, and an accurate knowledge 
of it acquired. This plant was first introduced from Japan in 
1783 by a Mr. John Grseffer (see Bot. Mag. t. 1197), but only 
the female plant, and this under the well-known variegated form. 
From that one plant, the millions now scattered over Europe and 
America have been derived ; but it is only within the last few- 
years that, thanks to the indefatigable Mr. Fortune, the male 
plant, and in its native unvariegated form, has reached us. This, 
which we here figure, differs in no respect except colour from 
the cultivated plant, and except that it bears abundantly hand- 
some scarlet berries, it would have no chance of rivalling in po- 
pular estimation the variegated form. 

Two other lessons may be learned from the history of the 

may 1st, 1865. 



Aucuba : first, that varieties may be, and indeed in many cases are, 
as permanent as species. Of variations, that consisting in discolo- 
ration of the foliage is supposed to be the least characteristic and 
permanent, and yet the Aucuba has retained this character un- 
changed through upwards of eighty years in Europe, America, 
and the colonies ; and probably through many centuries in Japan. 
Secondly, that though discoloration is usually attributed to dis- 
ease, this may not be so really ; for certainly the Aucuba has 
shown no si^u of deterioration since it was first introduced. 
Several curious problems remain to be solved with regard to the 
Aucuba, such as, whether the old variegated form will seed well 
if impregnated by pollen of the nncoloured, and whether its 
seedling will be as strong and healthy as its offspring by cut- 
tings ; whether the uncoloured form will ever sport and become 
variegated, as many plants are apt to do on damp clay soils ; 
and whether the offspring of the uncoloured and coloured forms 
will tend most to the one or the other of its parents. 

It is curious to read that the Aucuba, when first introduced, 
was treated as a stove-plant, and even as late as 1809 was often 
cultivated in a greenhouse, where the leaves are described as 
being of a fuller green than when cultivated out-of-doors. 

The uncoloured female Aucuba is now common in our collec- 
tions : for the magnificent fruiting branch we have figured we 
are indebted to Messrs. Standish's Ascot Nursery. 



Fig. 1. Female flower. 2. Ovary. 3. Berry. 4. Transverse ; and 5. Ver- 
tical section of ditto. 6. Panicle of male flower. 7. Male flower -.—all but 3, 4, 
5, and 6, are magnified. 



5513. 




W. Pitch, del. eUttl 



Ymcent Brooks, Imp. 



Tab. 5513. 
CYPRIPEDIUM concolor. 

Self- coloured Lady s-slipper . 

Nat. Ord. Orchide^.— Gynandria Monandria. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 5349.) 



Cypripedium concolor ; acaule, foliis (3-5) coriaceis oblongis obtusis arctissirae 
implicatis canaliculars maculatis subtus intense purpurascentibus scapo 
pubescente bifloro 2-plo longioribus, bractea, foliacea acuminata ovario 
tomentoso vix aequali, sepalis subrotundis labello breviter unguiculato co- 
nico-saccato longioribus, stamine sterili subcordato cuspidate Bateman. 



This new Cypripedium differs entirely from all the species of 
that extensive genus at present known to us. Its leaves are 
compactly arranged, and being beautifully mottled on their 
upper surface and of a rich reddish-purple below, they contrast 
agreeably with the pale-primrose tint of the flowers, two of 
which are borne on a short hairy scape. It is a native of Moul- 
mein, where it was found growing on limestone rocks by the 
Rev. C. Parish, who forwarded a careful drawing to Sir William 
Hooker. Colonel Benson also found it in the same localities, 
and dispatched living plants to Kew, where they are now thriv- 
ing. Other specimens were received at the Clapton Nursery 
from Mr. Parish, one of which having found its way into Mr. 
Rucker's collection, flowered there early in the present year, 
while another blossomed in the collection of Mr. Day. Both 
were exhibited at the Tuesday meetings of the Horticultural So- 
ciety at South Kensington, and justly attracted a good deal of 
attention. The drawing was taken from Mr. Rucker's specimen. 

C. concolor seems to grow and flower as freely, and to be ma- 
naged with as little difficulty as the other Indian Cypripedia. 

Descr. Leaves four or five together, lying nearly flat, oblong, 
channelled, beautifully mottled on their upper surface with light- 
green on a darker ground, but of a reddish-purple underneath ; 
they are from four to six inches long. Flower-scape very short, 
June 1st, 1865. 



hairy, purple, scarcely raised above the leaves, usually two-flow- 
ered. Bracts large and pointed, one at the base of each flower, 
covered with minute hairs. Flowers fully two inches across, of 
a uniform pale-yellow, sprinkled over with minute crimson dots. 
Dorsal sepal nearly round, about the same size as the lower 
sepal, the latter being of a more ovate form. Petals oblong, 
obtuse, fringed — as are also the sepals — with minute hairs. Lip 
small for the genus, not quite so long as the petals, forming a 
narrow conical pouch, which occupies nearly three-fourths of its 
entire length. — /. B. 



Fig. 1. Upper end of sterile stamen. 2. Side-view of ditto. 3. Side-view 
of lip : — magnified. 



Tab. 5514. 

VELLOSIA CANDIDA. 

Pure-white Vellosia. 



Nat. Ord. H^modorace^. — Polyadelphia Polyandria. 

Gen. Char. Perianthium corollinum ; tubus basi ovario adnatus ; limbus cara- 
panulatus, 6-phyllus, foliolis aequalibus. Stamina ima basi limbi corollse inserta, 
nunc 6 libera, nunc indefinita v. definita varie connata, filamentis breviusculis ; 
antherae lineares, basifixse. Ovarium inferum, 3-loculare; stylus elongatus, stig- 
mate 3-lobo; ovula numerosa, placentis axillaribus prorainulis multiseriatim 
affixa. Capsula subglobosa clavata v. 3-gona, 3-locularis, loculicide 3-valvis, 
valvis medio septiferis, polyspermia. Semina numerosa, horizontalia, cuneata; 
testa coriacea, umbilico basilari- incrassato ope rapliis filiformis chalazae lateral! 
impressa conjuncto; embryo axilis. — Frutices v. subarboreae, caulibus vestigiis 
foliorum truncatis, dichotome ramosis. Folia saepe S-fariam disposita, sapitts 
Unearia, carinata, integerrima v. serrulata. Flores solitarii, sessiles v. peduncu- 
lati, speciosi, albi carulei v. violacei. 



Vellosia Candida ; suffruticosa, csespitosa, ramis brevibus apice foliosis, foliis 
lineari-gramineis filiformi-acuminatis angustis rigidis cariuatis, marginibus 
remote spinuloso-serrulatis, pedunculo elongato superne ovario perianthioque 
scabrido-glandulosis, perianthio albo, staminibus 18 hexadelpbis, capsula 
subglobosa processubus rigidis patentibus obtusis densissime obsita. 

Vellozia Candida. Mikau. Delect. Brasil. t. 7. Spreng. Syst. Veg. v. 3. p. 338 
et Cur. Post. 296. 



Of the most beautiful and singular genus Vellosia, the pre- 
sent is the only species which, in so far as we are aware, has 
flowered in this country. The seeds were sent by the late Mr. 
Gardner, during his Brazilian journey, to the Glasnevin Gardens 
of Dublin, where a plant flowered this year, under the skilful 
management of Dr. Moore. The species is probably widely 
distributed; it appears to be common about Rio de Janeiro, 
whence we have specimens from Mr. Graham, Mr. Boog, and 
Mr. Gardner himself (p. 132). Sprengel gives as synonyms the 
V. aloof ol.ia, Mart., and V. tubiflora, H. B. and K. \Radia tubi- 
fora, A. Rich), a native of the Orinoco, but we refrain from 
quoting these plants as synonyms in a genus of which so little is 
accurately known. 
June 1st, 1865. 



Of the genus Vellosia there are many described Brazilian 
species, of which not a few are arborescent, and bear magnificent 
flowers, white, blue, and purple. Now that their cultivation is 
understood, we may hope that they will soon be imported, and 
ornament our stoves. 



Pig. 1. Margin of leaf, with serrature. 2. Ovary and stamens. 3. Phalanx 
of stamens. 4. Transverse section of ovary : — all magnified. 



5515. 




W.FitA,deletlttK. 



YincentBrooisJmp 



Tab. 5515. 

DENDROBIUM hedyosmum. 

Sweet-scented Dendrobium. 



Nat. Ord. OechidejE. — Gynandria Monandria. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 5303.) 



Dendrobium hedyosmum; caulibus erectis nigro-hirsutis spithamaeis, floribus 
lateralibus geminatis odoi-atissimis, sepalis petalisque subaequalibus ovato- 
lanceolatis acutis nitidis, labelli trilobi lobis lateralibus erectis acutis inter- 
medio majore margine crispulo, disco sulcato, apice acuto decurvo. Batem. 

Dendrobium hedyosmum. Bateman, mss. 

Dendrobium albo-viride. Parish in lit. 



Although the vast majority of the species of the great Indian 
genus Dendrobium are entirely scentless, a few, e.g. D. macrophyl- 
lum, send forth disagreeable odours, while a still smaller number, 
among which may be classed the subject of the accompanying 
Plate, yield the most grateful perfumes. The fragrance of I). 
hedyosmum might almost be mistaken for Wallflower. 

Our plant was received from Moulmein two years ago by 
Messrs. Hugh Low and Co., of the Clapton Nursery, under the 
name of B. albo-viride, which had been provisionally given by 
its discoverer, Mr. Parish. And indeed when the flowers of a 
specimen at Knypersley, from whence the figure is taken, first 
opened, they were unmistakably of a pale greenish-white and 
so far justified Mr. Parish's specific name ; but in the course of 
a few days these tints disappeared, the sepals and petals began 
to shine like polished ivory, while the disk of the lip glowed with 
a rich orange-yellow, thus entirely changing the appearance and 
character of the blossoms, and rendering the name of albo-viride 
no longer appropriate. Under these circumstances, I have ven- 
tured to substitute the name of hedyosmum, in allusion to the 
delicious perfume of the flowers, a change which I cannot doubt 
will be approved by Mr. Parish himself. 
June 1st, 1865. 



B. hedgosmum flowers in the spring, and its blossoms, after 
undergoing the change described above, continue in beauty for 
many weeks. It requires no particular treatment. Botanically, 
it is allied, though not very closely, to the plant already figured 
in this work {supra, Tab. 5454) under the name of B. margi- 
natum, respecting which I fell into an error that I am glad to 
take this opportunity of correcting. As the circumstances that 
led to the mistake were somewhat peculiar, I may perhaps be 
allowed to relate them ; they were as follows : — Messrs. Low 
had received, in 1863, from Mr. Parish several new Bendrobia, 
among which was one that came to them under the name of 
D. xanthophlebium, and on which several flowers were speedily 
produced. When collating these by the aid of Dr. Lindley's 
admirable paper (in the Linnean Transactions) on the Orchid- 
ology of India, I passed over altogether the species ranged 
under his " nigro-hirsute " section, because not a trace of black 
or any other hair was to be found on the smooth slender stems 
of our plant. Then, as I altogether failed to find it among the 
other sections of the genus, I naturally concluded that it must 
be new, and gave it accordingly the name of B. marginatum, in 
allusion to the white edges of its lip. When, however, after the 
lapse of a few months the fresh growth commenced, I found to 
my surprise that the young stems were abundantly clothed with 
black hairs, & circumstance that led me to turn once more to 
Dr. Lindley's paper, and here, in the " nigro-hirsute " section 
that I had previously passed by, I instantly recognized the plant 
under its true designation of B. xantliophlebium. The latter 
name must therefore be restored, and my name of B. margi- 
natum cancelled. 

Descr. Stems erect, clustered together, about a span long, 
when young clothed with small black hairs, which speedily fall 
off. Leaves narrow, short, and leathery, unequally emarginate 
at their points. Flowers in pairs, opposite the joints of the 
leaves, and freely produced over the whole of the upper half of 
the stems, exuding a delicious fragrance resembling Wallflower. 
Sepals and petals nearly equal, scarcely an inch long, ovate- lan- 
ceolate, acute, turned slightly backwards, presenting a polished 
surface resembling ivory, and of the purest white. Lip about 
the same length as the petals, three-lobed, its lower portions 
erect, stretching forwards, acute, of a greenish tint, its central 
lobe oval, pointed, recurved, yellow, with rich orange furrows 
along its disk; the mentum very small. Column about the 
length of the lower lobes of the lip.—/. B. 



*ig. 1. Front view of lip and column. 2. Pollen-masses :— magnified. 



5516. 




WFitaKdel.etTith 



Vincent Brooks,Iin.p. 



Tab. 5516. 

ACANTHUS montanus. 

African Mountain Acanthus. 



Nat. Ord. Acanthace.e. — Didynamia Angiospermia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx 4-partitus, laciniis supera et infera multo majoribus. Co- 
rolla 1-labiata, tubo brevissimo, labio 3-5-lobo. Stamina 4, subdidynama, fila- 
menta infera apice inflexa ; anthera; omnes uniloculares ciliato-barbatse, superiores 
erectas. Capsida 2-locularis, compressa, e basi ad medium 4-sperma, lateribus 
chartaeeis. Semina compressa. — Herba? v. frutices tropica, Orientales et regiouis 
Mediterranean incoles, foliosce. Folia patenlia, ampla, rigida, pinnatifida v. sinu- 
ato-spinosa et dentata. Spicse terminates, bracteatce. Flores speciosi, albi v. cce- 
rulescentes. 



Acanthus montanus; herbacea, glabra, foliis oblongis v. oblongo-lanceolatis 
caudato-acuminatis pinnatifidis v. sinuato-lobulatis, laciniis ovatis aeutis 
sinuato-dentatis, dentibus spinosis, spica terminali densa glaberrima, brac- 
teis obovatis oblongisve aeutis inciso-dentatis, dentibus setaceis, bracteolis 
lineari-lanceolatis parcius dentatis. 

A. montana. T. Anders, in Journ. Linn. Soc. v. T.p. 37. 

Cheilopsis montana. Nees in Be Cand. Prodr. v. 9. p. 272, excl. synon. 



A very handsome plant, originally detected by Vogel at Fer- 
nando Po, since collected by Mann on the same island, at 2000 
feet elevation ; also found on Prince's Island by Barter, and on 
the west coast of Africa, south of the tropics, by Curror. It 
is erroneously described by Nees as a shrub many feet high, 
Barter and Mann both calling it a herb of only three feet high. 
The Abyssinian Acanthus tetragonus of Brown, referred to this 
plant doubtfully by Nees, has been shown by Dr. Anderson to 
be a species of Blepharis. The specimen here represented flow- 
ered with Dr. Moore, of the Glasnevin Gardens, who raised it 
from seed lately sent from Western Africa by Mr. Milne. 

Dr. Anderson, in his able sketch of the African Acanthacea. 
in the Linnean Society's Journal, has done well in bringing both 
Dilivaria of Jussieu and Cheilopsis of Moquin-Tandon under 
the old genus Acanthus of Linnaeus, the essential characters of 

June 1st, 1865. 



all the plants contained in the genera being very uniform and 
similar, and the habit identical. 



Fig. 1. Bracts, calyx, and ovary. 2. Inner sepals, and ovary:— both mag- 
nified, * * 



55/7. 




ij , 

WFitc'h,dsl.et]ith, 



^-ncentBroofefenp- 



Tab. 5517. 
RAILLIARDIA ciliolata. 

Ciliate-leaved JRaillardia. 



Nat. Ord. Composite. — Syngenesia ^Equalis. 

Gen. Char. Capitulum 4-8-florum, homogamum. Involucrim cylindricum, 
3-8-phyllum, squamis leviter connatis 1-serialibus, basi bracteolatum v. nudum. 
Receptaculum angustum, nudum. Corolla tubulosa, 5-dentata. Filamenta su- 
perne incrassata ; antherm ecaudatse. Stigmata divergentia, acuminata. Achcenia 
tereti-angulata, glabra v. hirsuta. Pappus 1-serialis, plumosus, setis basi sub- 
corneis. — Frutices Sandwicenses, ramulis teretibns. Folia alterna v. opposita, 
linear i-oblong a v. lanceolata, integerrima v. serrata, 1—7 -nervia, supra sape ni- 
tida. Capitula racemosa subcorymbosa v. paniculata. Mores lutei. Endl. 



Railliakdia ciliolata; ramosa, ramis ad apices conferte foliosis, foliis oppo- 
sitis decussatis sessilibus lineari- v. lanceolato-oblongis acutis subscaberulis 
hispidulisve ultra medium subserratis 1- v. obscure 3-nerviis subtus cari- 
natis, marginibus subrecurvis, capitulis paucis racemosis pedunculatis cer- 
nuis, involucro glanduloso-pubescen.ti, squamis ad 8. 

Railliardia ciliolata. Be Cand. Prodr. v. 6. p. 441. A. Gray in Proceedings 
Amer. Acad. v. 5. p. 133. 



A remarkable little, almost shrubby Composite, a native of 
Hawaii, in the Sandwich Islands, whence our valued correspon- 
dent Dr. Hillebrand sent it to Kew in 1858. The species in- 
habits the lofty volcanic mountains of that island, at elevations 
of 10,000 feet, where it was originally detected by Mr. Macrae, 
a collector for the Horticultural Society of London. 

The genus Mailliardia is an example of the singular fact, that 
many genera of arborescent and shrubby Composites are peculiar 
to remote oceanic volcanic islands, and are often represented to 
a great extent in different islets of these groups by different 
species, no species of such genera being found in other parts of 
the world. Thus in the Sandwich Islands alone we have Bail- 
Uardia with nine species, and Bubautia with four ; in the Gal- 
lapagos, Scaleria with six ; in Juan Fernandez there is Bobin- 
sonia with four species ; in Tahiti Fitchia ; whilst in the isle of 

June 1st, 1865. 



St. Helena all the Composite are shrubby or arborescent, in- 
cluding Commidendron with five, and Lachanodes with three 
species. 



Fig. 1. Leaf. 2. Involucre. 3. Floret. 4. Scale of pappus : — all magnified. 



5518. 





* » ***** * I • %*^ A 




W.Titcli , del. et ]ith. 



%icentBroota>P- 



Tab. 5518. 

ANEMONE (Hepatica) angulosa. 

Angle-leaved Hepatica. 



Nat. Ord. RANUNCULACEiE. — POLYANDBJA PoMGYNIA. 

Gen. Char. Involucrum sub flore e foliis 3 verticillatis (v. segmentis folii flo- 
ralis) compositum. Sepala 4-20, petaloidea. Petala 0, nisi stamina exteriora 
in glandulas stipitatas mutata. Garpella indefinita, multiovulata. Ovulum 
pendulum. Achcenia capitata, stylo persistente nudo v. barbato acuminata v. 
caudata. — Herbse, caudice perenni. Folia radicalia dissecta v. lobata. Scapi 
radicales prater involucrum fieri approximatum v. plus minus remotum (nonnun- 
quam repetitum scapo ramosoj aphylli. Flores terminates, ceerulei albi rubri p. 
purpurei, rarius pallide fiavicantes. Stamina sepalis breviora. Achsenia seepius 
compressa carinata v. alata, faciebus aveniis v. rarius 1-S-nerviis, rarius angulata. 
Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. 4. 



Anemone (Hepatica) angulosa ; foliis radicalibus palmato-3-5-lobis, lobis cre- 
nato-dentatis, petiolo scapisque sericeo-villosis, floribus amplis, involucri 
foliolis flore approximatis apice 3-lobis. 

Anemone angulosa. Lam. Diet. v. I. p. 169. 

Hepatica angulosa. Be Cand. Prodr. v. I. p. 22. 

H. triloba, var. angulosa. Spach, Syst. Veget. v. l.p. 241. 



A very beautiful spring-flowering plant, considered by Spach 
as a variety of A. fllepaticaj triloba, but abundantly distinct in 
the larger size, always toothed or almost lobulate lobes of the 
leaf, and very much larger and more beautiful flowers. The 
plant from which our Plate was taken was flowered by Messrs. 
Backhouse, of York, whose collection of herbaceous plants is ce- 
lebrated for its beauty, variety, and high condition. The plant 
is a native of Hungary. 

The genus Hepatica, first indicated by Dillenius, has been 
accepted by some succeeding botanists and rejected by others, 
the former preponderating. Latterly, however, the discovery in 
Kashmir of a species of Anemone {A. Falconeri, Thorns, in Hook. 
Ic. Plant, t. 899) closely resembling the H. triloba in habit and 
all other essential characters, except the position of the three 

JUNE 1st, 1865. 



involucral leaves, which afford the main distinctive character of 
Hepatica, invalidates the latter genus altogether. 



Fig. 1 Involucral leaves and carpels,— natural size. 2. A carpel, removed, 
-magnified. r ' 



5519. 




- 



Tab. 5519. 
FOURCROYA long^eva. 

Long -enduring Fourcroga. 



Nat. Ord. Amaryllidace^e. — Hexandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Perigonium corollinum, superum, deciduum, hexaphyllo-partituin, 
foliolis aequalibus patentiusculis. Stamina 6, epigyna ; filamenta basi cuneato- 
dilatata, sestivatione erecta, sub anthesi inclusa; anthem ovatse, medio dorso 
affixse, erectse. Ovarium inferum, triloculare. Ovula plurima, in loculorum an- 
gulo centrab biseriata, horizontalia. Stylus triqueter, basi strumoso-incrassatus, 
subexsertus, cavus, apice pervius; stigma obtusum, fimbriatum. Capsula co- 
nacea, trilocularis, loculicido-trivalvis. Semina plurima, plano-compressa. — 
Herbae in America calidiore cis cequatorem indigence, longeevce, semel florentes ; 
caudice interdum giganteo, apice folioso ; scapo terminali paniculatim ramoso, 
multifloro. Endl. 



Fourcroya longava ; elata, arborescens, foliis e basi dilatata angusto-ensifor- 
mibus acuminatis inermibus, margine dorsoque calloso scabriusculis, scapo 
longissimo erecto, per totam fere longitudinem composito-racemoso, floribus 
extus glanduloso-pilosis. 

Fourcroya longaeva. Karw. et Zucc. in Nov. Act. Bonn. v. 16. pt. 2. p. 666. 
t. 48. Herb. Amaryll. p. 126. t. 33. /. 20-25. 



At Tab. 2250 of the 'Botanical Magazine' has been given a 
figure of the noble Fourcroya gigantea of Ventenat, and at our 
Tab. 5163 another species of Fourcroya, F. Jlavo-viridis, Hook.; 
both of these, however, are stemless plants. We have now the 
great satisfaction of representing a far more striking species even 
than the F. gigantea, namely, the F. longava of Karwinski and 
Zuccarini, which flowered in the conservatory of the Regent's 
Park Royal Botanic Garden, in the summer of last year, under 
the skilful management of Mr. Robinson,— for the first time, I 
have every reason to suppose, in Europe. The species was first 
made known to science by Baron Karwinski, distinguished by 
his botanical travels in Mexico, and it was figured and described 
by him and Zuccarini in the volume of the ' Nova Acta ' above 
July 1st, 1865. 



quoted. It is this, too, that is so admirably illustrated by Mr. 
Bateman by au interesting vignette-landscape in his splendid ' Or- 
chidaceae of Mexico and Guatemala' (under t. 17), with the quo- 
tation : — 

" Unde nil majus generatur ipso, 
Nee viget quidquam simile, aut secundum;" 

and with the further remark : — " The stately plant here repre- 
sented is Fourcroya longceva, one of the most marvellous pro- 
ductions of the vegetable world. It belongs to the family of 
Amaryllidacea, and has the habit of a gigantic Yucca, its stem 
being frequently fifty feet high, and its flower-spike forty more ! 
It was originally discovered on Mount Tanga, in Oaxaca, at an 
elevation of ten thousand feet above the level of the sea. Mr. 
Skinner has also met with it on the high mountain-ridges in the 
interior of Guatemala. Plants of the species exist in our nur- 
series, but, contrary to expectation, it seems to suffer severely 
from the cold and changes of our climate." 

With us and in the Regent's Park Garden, the temperature of 
a common greenhouse is sufficient for it ; but the largest of our 
plants in cultivation are of course but pigmies in comparison with 
the height on its native mountains. At the time our drawing 
was made the specimen was past perfection (it has died after 
flowering), and we have thought it best to take our representa- 
tion of the entire plants (on the extremely reduced scale) from 
Karwinski and Zuccarini's figures of the native plants. The 
flowers and analysis are from the recent specimen kindly com- 
municated by Mr. Sowerby. 

Descr. Theplant which produced the flowers here represented 
was about fifteen feet high, including the flowering panicle, but 
we learn from travellers in Mexico and Guatemala that the stem 
alone there attains a height of forty and fifty feet, perfectly erect, 
straight, cylindrical, scarred transversely, terminated with a mag- 
nificent crown of leaves two to three feet long, coriaceo-carnose, 
from a very broad base, narrow, ensiform, very acuminate, with 
more the habit of those of some Yucca than of Fourcroya or 
Agave; the surface above is quite smooth, beneath it is finely 
striated, and the striae and margin are rough with minute cal- 
lose sharp points. These leaves are densely crowded, upper ones 
suberect, the lower ones are closely reflexed upon the stem. 
Scape terminal, for its whole length (said sometimes to equal forty 
feet!) forming a pyramidal much-branched panicle. Flowers 
bracteated at the base. Bracteas small, ovate, acuminate, about 
the length of the very short pedicel. Tube of the perianth (in- 
terior ovary) three-quarters of an inch long, subcylindrical, glan- 
dulose-pubescent; the limb spreading two to two and a half 



inches across, white with a greenish tinge, yellow-green exter- 
nally, pubescent towards the base. Stamens six, large, erect. 
Filaments subulate, singularly strumose above the thickened 
base. Anthers sagittate, orange. Style below the middle, with 
three globose, large, erect tubercles, which alternate with each pair 
of stamens. Ovary three-celled, obscurely three- or six-furrowed. 



Fig. I. Figures of two (one flowering) native plants, from Karwinski, — on a 
very reduced scale. 2, 3. Base and apex of a leaf, — nat. size. 4. Small portion 
of the back of a leaf, — magnified. 5. Branch of a panicle of flowers, — nat. 
size. 6. Flower, from which the segments of the perianth have been removed. 
7. Stamens. 8. Style. 9. Transverse section of the stigma,— more or less 
magnified. 



5520. 




¥.Iitch.,del.et]ith. 



Ymcent Brooks, JmP 



Tab. 5520. 
DENDROBIUM senile, 

White-haired JDendrobium. 



Nat. Ord. Orchide^e. — Gynandria Monandria. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4755.) 



Dendrobium senile (Eudendrobia chrysantha) ; caulibus fusiformibus vaginis 
hirtis vestitis superne triphyllis, foliorum laminis cuneato-ligulatis acutis 
hirtis, racemis uni- seu bifloris ex pseudobulbis vetustis, sepalis ligulatis 
acutis, petalis cuneato-oblongis acutis, labello medio trilobo, lobis lateralibus 
semiovatis obtusis, lobo medio acuto, callo subtiliter trisulcato in basi, disco 
anteposito velutino, columna apice tridentata. Reichenbach, fil. 

Dendrobium senile. Parish, mss. Rchb. fil. in 'Gardeners' Chronicle,' May, 
1865. 



The place that is occupied by Cerws senilis among succulents 
may be claimed for Dendrobium senile among Orchids, white 
hairs, which are inevitably represented as black in the Plate, 
being profusely scattered over its stems and leaves. These, 
joined to the long-lasting yellow blossoms, render the species at 
once a singular and attractive plant. It blossomed at Knypers- 
ley in April last, and from the flowers then produced, compared 
with the wild specimens kindly lent by Messrs. H. Low and Co., 
the accompanying figure was prepared. It seems to be rather a 
delicate species, and should be placed in a shallow pot or on a 
block of wood, and suspended near the glass. It is amongst 
the most remarkable of the very many interesting plants disco- 
vered by the Rev. C. S. Parish in Moulmein. 

Descr. Stems spindle-shaped about six inches long covered, 
as are the leaves, with short white hairs and bearing two or 
three leathery, obovate leaves, that are shorter than the stems 
and sharp-pointed. Flowers in pairs or occasionally single, from 
the sides of the stem, fleshy and of a rich yellow colour through- 
out. Sepals ligulate, acute. Petals rather wider than the sepals, 

JULY l STj 1865. 



and somewhat cuneate, scarcely an inch long. Lip (not very 
deeply) three-lobed, the lateral lobes obtuse and semiovate, while 
the middle lobe is acute ; on the base there is a callosity faintly 
three-furrowed, with a few orange streaks radiating from it. Co- 
lumn three-toothed at its apex. — /. B. 



Fig. 1. Lip and column, seen nearly in front : — magnified. 



5521. 




W fetch, del etlith. 



Vincent Brooks,Imp. 



Tab. 5521. 
MARIANTHUS Drummondianus. 

Dntmmond's Marianthus. 

Nat. Ord. Pittosporeje.— Pentandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Sepala distincta. Petala basi v. rarius ultra medium erecto-sub- 
conniventia, superne patentia. Filamenta filiformia, v. basi v. medio dilatata ; 
anthera ssepius oblongag, birimosa3. Ovarium sessile v. breviter stipitatum, 
perfecte 2- rarissime 3-loculare; stylus filiformis. Capsula ovoidea v. oblonga, 
leviter compressa v. subinflata, membranacea v. tenuiter coriacea, loculicide et 
interdum septicide debiscens. Semina obovoidea v. reniformi-globosa, laevia y. 
muricata.— Suffrutices, ramis procumbentibus Jlexuosis v. sapius volubilibus. Folia 
integra, serrala, inferioribus rarius lobatis v. dissectis. Flores carulei albi v. 
rubescentes, in paniculas corymbosas terminales sapius compactas nunc itmbelli- 
formes disposili v. rarius solitarii. Corolla sape leviter obliqua. Benth. et Hook. 



Marianthus Drummondianus; volubilis, gracilis, ramis junioribus folnsque pilis 
longis patentibus mollibus subferrugineis obsitis, rarius glabris, fohis obo- 
vatis oblongo-lanceolatisve acutis v. apice recurvis unciahbus (et ultra) den- 
tatis subintegerrimisque, sessilibus vel in petiolum brevem brevipetiolatis, 
infimis subpinnatifidis, pedunculis terminalibus 1-3 nhformibus hirsutis 
i-1 unciam longis, sepalis lanceolato-subulatis hirsutis, petabs semiunciam 
(ad unciam) longis dimidio superiore patentibus, ovano stipitato glabro 
3-5-ovulato in singulo loculo, capsula ovoidea valde turgida semiunciam 
longa, seminibus parvis globosis glabris. Benth. 

Marianthus Drummondianus. Benth. II. Justr. v. l.p. 119. 

Oncospermum Drummondianum. Piitterl. in PL Preiss. v. l.p. 194. 



Marianthus of Huegel is a genus now, according to Mr. 
Bentham, including fourteen species, of which all, except two 
{M. procumbens of New South Wales and M. bignomacem ■from 
Victoria and South Australia), are natives of Western Australia 
and chiefly from the Swan River settlement. The blue-flowered 
species are excessively pretty, as may be seen by our present 
figure, and by that of a nearly-allied species given at our lab 
3893, Marianthus caruleo-punctatus. The M. Brummondianus^ 
a more slender and graceful twiner than that, while the Howen 



July 1st, 18fi: 



are of a paler blue. Our flowering specimen was received from 
Messrs. Veitch, of the Chelsea Nursery, in May. 

Descr. Whole plant, except the petals, more or less villous or 
ciliated (in the leaves) with soft patent hairs. Stem filiform, long- 
twining, branched with short patent branches, the upper ones 
especially flowering copiously. Leaves one to two inches long, 
oblong or lanceolate, scarcely petiolate, rather acute, lower ones 
toothed or subpinnatifid, the rest entire at the margins, smaller 
upwards. Peduncles very slender, terminal and lateral subco- 
ryrabose ; pedicels elongated, filiform, with a small bract at the 
base. Calyx of five linear, subulate, erect, distantly-placed se- 
pals. Petals spathulate, very acute, bright but pale blue, the 
claws erect, the lamina spreading. Stamens five, much shorter 
than the petals. Ovary cylindrical, stipitate, gradually tapering 
upwards into a short style. Stigma small, capitate, two-lobed. 



Kg. 1. Calyx and pistil. 2. Petal. 3. Stamen -.—all magnified. 



I 




W. Etch, deist lith 



icent Brooks. Imp- 



Tab. 5522. 

drimia altissima. 

Lofty Drimia. 



Nat. Ord. Asphodeleje. — Hexandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Perigonium corollinum, sexpartitum, laciniia aequalibus reflexis, 
apice cucullatis. Stamina 6, basi laciniarum perigonii inserta ; filamenta basi 
dilatata, conniventia, tria superiora paullo breviora. Ovarium triloculare. OvuJa 
plurima, biseriata, horizontalia, auatropa. Stylus rectus, trigonus ; stigma ob- 
tusum, muricatum. Capsula merabranacea, acute triquetra, apice loculicido- 
dehiscens. Semina pauca, subglobosa. — Herbse Capenses, bulbosa? ; foliis 
radicalibus oblongo-linearibus ; racemo scapum Cseepius prcecocem) terminante, 
mmplici; pedicellis unibracteatis. Endl. 



Drimia altissima ; bulbo parvo oblongo-ovato squamoso, foliis bipedalibus scapo 
coastaneo multo brevioribus lingulato-lanceolatis obtusiusculis lsevibus, scapo 
4-pedali apice raultifloro, pedicellis horizontali-patentibus semiunciam 
longis, bracteis lineari-subulatis aequilongis, sepalis viridibus uniformibus 
dimidio superiore insigniter subspiraliter retroflexis, filamentis elongatis in 
tubum approximatis. 



The Cape genus Drimia of Jacquin, like many other Aspho- 
deleous genera, has its characters very vaguely expressed, and 
Professor Kunth remarks of it : " Lachenaliam cum Scilla jungit, 
huic ob semina affinior " yet this latter author has separated his 
new genus Idothea from it, and it is difficult to say to which of 
the two our present species should be referred. It is quite dif- 
ferent from any in either genus, and remarkable for its great 
size, large and copious green flowers, and the great length ot the 
bracts, much exceeding the flowers before their expansion. It 
is a native of Natal, and we owe the possession of it to our 
valued friend John Sanderson, Esq., of D'Urban. It is certainly 
the finest of all the Drimias. 

Descr. Bulb scarcely larger than a pigeon's egg, tumcated 
with the bases of old fallen leaves. Leaves one to one and a halt 
feet long, nearly erect, attaining their perfect size before the 

July 1st, 1865. 



withering of the flowers, lmgulate-lanceolate, rather obtuse, 
nearly two inches wide in the broadest part, destitute of striae, 
subglaucous green. Scape four feet long, singularly erect, terete 
below, furrowed above. Raceme a span long, cylindrical, densely 
crowded before the flowers expand. Flowers large for the genus, 
pale green. Pedicels horizontally patent, one and a half inch 
long, strict. Bracteas solitary, subulate-lanceolate, equal in 
length to the fully-developed pedicel, much longer than the 
flower-buds (their pedicels included). Sepals narrow, oblong, 
connivent and connate below into a tube, the upper half singu- 
larly and subspirally retroflexed. Stamens very prominent ; fila- 
ments approximate into a tube, white, pinkish below ; anthers 
pale yellow, elliptical. Ovary oblong-ovate. Style columnar, 
longer than the ovary. Stigma obscurely three-lobed. 



Fig. 1. Flowering specimen, — on a much reduced scale. 2. Flower. 3. Pistil, 
•i. Section of an ovary : — magnified. The rest of the figure represents the upper 
portion of a raceme and that of a leaf, — both nat. size. 



552i 




ks>ttp. 



Tab. 5523. 

PHALiENOPSiS LtiDDEMANNIANA, 

M. Liiddemanns Phalanopsis. 



Nat. Ord. Orchide^e. — Gynandria Monandria. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 5351.) 



Phal.+;nopsis Liiddemanniana, aff. Sumatranae, Korth. et Rchb. fil. (zebrinse, 
H. Bog.) et violaceae, Teijsm. et Binn. ; sepalis oblongis acutis, petalis sub- 
minoribus, labelloab ungue lato tripartite), laciniis lateralibus ligulatis apice 
exciso bidentatis, extus oblique carinatis, erectis, lacinia media ab ungue 
angusto oblonga, ante apicem angulata seu serrulata, fornicata, apiculo sur- 
sum infiexo, squamubs seriatis in disco inter lacinias laterales, callis forci- 
patis duobus antepositis, carina serrulata in basi ac in apice lacinia? anticse, 
pilis multis antice circumjectis, columna. utrinque supra basin aagulata. 
Reichenbach, fil. 

Phal.enopsis Liiddemanniana. Rchb. fil. in Gardeners' Chron., May, 1865. 



This beautiful plant is a native of the Philippines, whence it 
was sent to Messrs. Hugh Low and Co., of Clapton, who being 
unable to distinguish it in habit from the old Phaltenopsis eques- 
tris (P. rosea), disposed of several plants of it to their customers 
under that name. Several of these flowered simultaneously this 
spring, and no fewer than four of them were exhibited at the 
same time at one of the Tuesday meetings of the Royal Horti- 
cultural Society at South Kensington. These came from the 
collections of Mr. Day, Mr. Marshall, Dr. Patteson, and Messrs. 
Low, it has also appeared in that of Mr. Wentworth Buller. 
It appears to be of the very easiest cultivation, but requires a 
good heat. 

Professor Reichenbach, in his very interesting description of 
the plant (published in the 'Gardeners' Chronicle'), mentions the 
circumstance of its having been first flowered by M. Ludde- 
mann of Paris (formerly at the head of M. Pescatore's cele- 
brated establishment), to whom the species was dedicated. 
Professor Reichenbach also observes that he has seen two varie- 
ties of this beautiful plant : one of them with the bars on the 

July 1st, 1865. 



petals and sepals altogether cinnamon-colour and to which he 
gives the name of " ochracea /'• the other (as in the case of the 
specimen represented) with the lower bars of a fine amethyst tint 
which he calls " delicata." Our drawing was taken from a spe- 
cimen exhibited by Mr. Day. 

Descr. Leaves polished and leathery, from four to six inches 
or more in length, ^distinguishable from those of Phalaenopsis 
equestris (P. rosea). Flower-stem very short (for the genus) and 
few-flowered. Sepals and petals oblong-acute (the petals being 
slightly smaller than the petals), white at the margin, but marked 
with transverse bars, which are generally of an amethyst colour 
near the base and cinnamon in the upper parts. Lip three- 
lobed, the lateral portions being erect, ligulate, and deeply 
double-toothed, while the middle lobe is oblong, and near its 
apex (which is slightly bent inwards) angular and entire or in 
certain varieties somewhat serrulate ; on the disk between the 
lateral partitions are a series of small scales, with two forceps-like 
appendages in front. The middle lobe of the lip is intense 
violet, but there are yellow blotches on the side lobes. Column 
white or violet, with an angular projection near the base on 
either side. — /. B. 



Fig. 1. Side-view of lip and column. 2. Front-view of ditto. 3. Pollen- 
masses :— all somewhat magnified. 



5524. 




lTTitch,deletMi. 



"Vincent Brooks ,Imp . 



Tab. 5524. 

BERTOLONIA guttata. 

Spotted-leaved Bertolonia. 



Nat. Ord. Melastomace,e. — Decandria (vel Octandeia) Monogynia. 



Gen. Char. Flos 5-merus. Calycis campanulati denies tubo saepius breviores, 
persistentes. Petala obovata obtusavel apiculata. Stamina 10, sequalia vel sub- 
aequalia ; antheris lineari-subulatis, rectis, aut parum arcuatis 1-porosis, connec- 
tivo infra loculos noil producto, sed postice ad basiin antherae tuberculato. Ova- 
rium liberum, subtriquetrum, apice obtuse 3-lobo, profunde urnbilicatum, 3-lo- 
culare. Stylus filiformis, stigmate punctiforrai. Capsula omnino triquetra, vel 
potius 3-alata, calyce conformi vestita, apice trigono, umbilicata, 3-valvis. Semina 
ovato-angulata vel irregulariter pyramidata. — Herbse austro-Americance, in locis 
humidis umbrosis imove subinundatis crescentes, radice interdum sublignosa, canle 
scapiformi, foliis late cordiformibus vel suborbiculatis rarins obovatis, flovibus 
sapius in racemos scorpioides disposilis, albis roseis aut purpurascentibus. Naud. 



Beetolonia guttata; radice lignosa longe repente caudiciformi, caulibus 
erectis subsimplicibus spitharaasis parce stellatim pubescentibus obtuse 
quadrangularibus, foliis glabris longe petiolatis ovatis acutiusculis quin- 
queveniis, basi obtusis, marginibus integenimis vel suberoso-dentatis, sub- 
tus purpureis, supra intra venas albo vel roseo maculatis, pedunculo sul)- 
terminali foliis multo breviore, cyma 5-10-flora, calyce turbinato piloso 
glandulosa, limbi lobis rotundatis demum scariosis, hie illic dorso margine- 
que remote dentato-pilosis, petalis roseis. 



A flowering specimen of this most lovely Melastomaceous 
plant was received from Messrs. Veitch, of the King's Road 
Nursery, Chelsea, in May of the present year, as a native of 
Madagascar, — incorrectly, perhaps, so labelled, for we know of 
no true species of Bertolonia having been detected in Madagas- 
car, but we have beautiful samples identical with this in our her- 
barium, collected at St. Sebastian, Brazil, by the late Mr. Fox 
(n. 89), and again from the Province of St. Paul, South Brazil, 
collected by Mr. Weir, in 1861-2 (n. 40). It appears to be 
quite undescribed, and is, so far as we know, peculiar to Brazil. 
Three species of the genus only are described by Naudin, 

AiousT 1st, 1865. 



to which he adds seven others (" sed qusedam inccrtse"), includ- 
ing the B. metadata of Martius, which we had supposed to be 
identical with our B. maculata, given at Tab. 4551 of this Ma- 
gazine. 

Descr. Our native specimens exhibit a rather long, creeping 
root, thick as a goose-quill, resembling the caudex of some Fern, 
and having woody, fibrous radicles about the base. Stem erect, 
a span long, obtusely quadrangular, and slightly stellato-pubes- 
cent, simple, or rarely subramose. Leaves long-petioled {petioles 
two and a half to three inches long), submembranaceous, ovate, 
five-veined, subacute, slightly tapering at the apex, dark-green 
above (young ones deeply suffused with rose) ; between the five 
parallel veins or ribs, one to three in each areole formed by 
transverse veinlets, are lines of very clear, distinct spots of white, 
or more frequently rose-colour, in one or two series ; beneath, of 
a uniformly purple colour. The spots on the upper side are sub- 
rotund or oval, and clearly defined, almost appearing as if studded 
with rubies. The margin of the foliage is entire, or obscurely 
crenato-dentate. Peduncle short, terminal, or axillary from the 
superior leaves, bearing a cyme of few, five to ten, flowers. Calyx, 
including the inferior ovary, piloso-glandulose, the limb of four 
or five broad, subrotund, erect, obtuse or retuse lobes; with 
a few spinous or hair-like teeth on the back, or at the margin. 
Petals, four or five, obliquely obovate, rose-colour. Anthers 
of the stamens opening with one pore, yellow. Ovary with four, 
broad, pointed, erect scales at the base of the [columnar] style. 
Stigma obtuse. 



Fig. 1. Calyx and pistil, the style with four scales at its base. 2. Petal. 
3. Stamen : — magnified. 



Erratum in the Account of the Fourcroya longseva, given in 
our last Number, Tab. 5519. 

Our old and valued friend James I)e Carle Sowerby, Esq., Secretary to the 
Boyal Botanic Society of London, Regent's Park, informs us that our Pig- 1 
(reduced figures of the flowering plant, confessedly copied from Karwinski and 
Zuccarini's plate) does not accurately represent the racemes of flowers, as 
observed in the Eegent's Park plant, — being too compound, and of too feathery 
a character. Further, that Mr. Eeid, not Mr. Eobinson, had the charge of the 
conservatory in which the flowering of the plant was so successfully accomplished. 
We learn, too, that no seeds were produced, but a large crop of leaf-buds or 
gemmae from the branches of the panicle, several plants of which were kindly 
sent to Kew. 



5525. 




TV fitch, aei.et itth. 



- : Brooks, Imp 



Tab. 5525. 
SCUTELLARIA aurata; var. sulphurea. 

Golden Scutellaria ; sulphur-flowered var. 



Nat. Orel. Labiate.— Didynamia Gymnospermia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 5439.) 



Scutellaria aurea ; herbacea, subpubescens, caule tetragono ; foliis sublonge 
petiolatis ovatis obtuse acuminatis, basi auriculato-cordatis, lobis approxi- 
matis integerrimis vel obsolete remote denticulatis, floribus in racemum ter- 
minalera numerosis erectis, pedicellis brevibus calycibusque vindibus basi 
bracteatis, bracteis linearibus reflexis, corollis longissimis flavidis, tubuloso- 
infundibuliformibus sursum paululum curvatis, gynophoro elongato. 

Scutellaria aurata. Ch. Lem. in Illustr. Hortic. 9. (1862), t 368. 

/3. sulphurea ; floribus minoribus pallide sulphureis. 



A Brazilian species, native of Para, where it has been dis- 
covered by M. Baraquin, and transmitted by him to M. Ver- 
schaffelt's establishment in Holland in 1861, and by the 
latter gentleman obligingly communicated to Kew in J 864. 
The species is remarkable for the deep (scarcely "golden ) yel- 
low, or pale sulphur-colour of the flowers. But in general 
structure of the flowers, and even of the foliage, there is a gpreat 
similarity with our Scutellaria Costaricana, figured at our lab. 
5439, especially in that state of aurata figured by M. Lemaire; 
but in S. Costaricana, besides the rich scarlet colour of the 
flowers, the stem, pedicels, and calyx are purple, the leaves are 
auriculato-cordate at the base, rather strongly serrated at the 
margin, and the gynophore of the ovary is very short and globose. 
Our living plant of aurata produced smaller flowers, and those 
not full yellow, but pale sulphur-coloured. 

Descr. Stem a foot or a foot and a half high, square, green 
slightly pubescent, as is the whole of the plant, the flowers most 
so. Leaves opposite, three to four inches long, petiolate, somewhat 

AUGUST 1st, 1S65. 



deflexed, ovate, bluntly acuminate at the apex, the base rather 
deeply auriculato-cordate, the lobes approximate, the margin en- 
tire, or obscurely and remotely denticulate. Feins few, remote, 
oblique, mostly simple. Petioles one to two inches long. Baceme 
terminal, solitary, straight, bearing numerous flowers on short 
pedicels, bracteated at tne base; bracteas small, linear, recurved. 
The raceme, when the flowers are all developed, attain a height 
of six to eight inches. Calyx green, formed as in the genus. 
Corolla one and a half to two inches long, erect, deep fulvous or (in 
our var.) sulphur-coloured ; with a deeper yellow tinge about the 
faux ; tube narrow, elongate, infundibuliform ; upper lip helmet- 
shaped, three-lobed, covering the faux, lower lip patent, broad 
ovate, emarginate. Stamens and style included. Ovary small, 
deeply four-lobed, situated at the apex of a large, fleshy, elon- 
gated, curved yynophore, tapering upwards. Style filiform. 



Fig. 1. Flower, — magnified. 2. Pistil, — magnified. 



55Z6. 




TVTMi.del.etMi. 



%1ceiu.Brooks.6np. 



Tab. 5526. 
PSAMMISIA LONGICOLLA. 

Long -necked Psammisia. 



Nat. Ord. Ericaceae. — Decandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx urceolato-campanulatus ; limbo cupuliformi breviter et lato 
5-dentato. Corolla, tubulosa, basi ventricosa, limbo 5-fido. Stamina 10, dis- 
tincta, inclusa, sequilonga. Antherce biloculares, oblongo-lineares, apice breviter 
bifidee, dorso supra medium affixae, basi libera?, scabrse, alternatim latiores, sub- 
inde ad apicem connectivi dentibus 2 divergentibus auctse, angustiores semper 
edentulse ; tubulis lsevibus, antfiera ipsa brevioribus, apice foramine dehiscenti- 
bus. Filamenta lata, brevia. Ovarium 5-loeulare, focw^'s multiovulatis. Stylus 
filiformis, strictus, plerumque exsertus. Stigma obtusum. Bacca coriacea, sub- 
exsucca, 5-locularis, calycis limbo cupuliformi 5-dentato coronata, loculis poly- 
spermis ; placentis in axi centrali versus apicem sitis, pendulis. — Frutices Ameri- 
cani, ramosi; foliis coriaceis, 3-5-7 -plurinerviis magnis ; racemis axillaribus, 
robustis, corymbom solitariis, tegmentis de&titutis ; pedicellis robustis, sensim in- 
crassatis, apice artkulatis, bractea parva squamiformi suffultis ; calycis limbo 
cupulteformi, coriaceo. Kl. 



Psammisia longicolla; ramis teretibus, foliis brevipetiolatis coriaceis ellipticis 
acuminatis subdistichis 3-5-nerviis, racemis brevibus axillaribus subglo- 
meratis pendidis, fioribus lasvibus, ovario basi bibracteato, corolla lagense- 
formi, tubo urceolato rubro, collo elongato contracto limboque viridibus. 



A very charming Ericaceous plant of South America, but 
from what precise locality is not known, for a living plant of 
which we are indebted to the liberality of James Bateman, Esq. 
This we have referred to Psammisia, rather than to TJiibaudia, 
on account of its near affinity with Psammisia penduliflora, Kl. 
{TJiibaudia, De Cand.), given at our Tab. 5204. Indeed, we do 
not clearly see the reason for the formation of the genus Psam- 
misia ; but if the genera of this Vaccineous group of PJricacete 
are hard to determine, much more is it hard to determine the 
limits of the species, especially since most of them are described 
from dried specimens, when the flowers become much changed 



august 1st, 1865. 



by desiccation. Hence the importance of securing figures from 
living plants. Hence it will be seen that while in P. penduliflora 
the whole flower is more or less furfuraceo-scabrous and the co- 
rolla short, in our P. longicolla the flower is quite smooth {lavis) 
and the corolla elongated and suddenly contracted into a distinct 
neck between the swollen portion of the tube and the limb. In 
both the corolla is two-coloured, red for the greater part of the 
length, then suddenly green. 

Descr. A straggling shrub of a few feet in length, with glossy 
coriaceous leaves, three or four inches and more in length, shortly 
petioled, much acuminated, entire, three- to five-veined, with veins 
connected by fine transverse veinlets (as in many Melastomaccte). 
Racemes short, axillary, glomerate, drooping, partially bracteo- 
lated. Pedicels fleshy, thickened upwards, so as to be almost 
clavate. Ovary jointed upon the pedicel, globose, smooth, having 
two ovate bracts at the base; free portion of the calyx cup- 
shaped, with five short, erect, acute lobes. Corolla bottle-shaped, 
the wide and longest portion of the tube scarlet, the column or 
neck much contracted, and green as are the five subtriangular 
and somewhat spreading lobes of the limb. Stamens large, but 
quite included. Filaments short. Anthers tapering into two 
erect, tubular horns, opening by a longitudinal pore or slit. 



Pig. 1. Flower with a pair of bracts at the base. 2. The same with the calyx 
and stamens removed. 3. Single stamen : — all magnified. 



5527. 












i 



Erratum. — In the specific character of PhaUmopm Sumaifana (Tab. 5527), 
l'or P. Schilleriana read P. Sumatrena. 



Tab. 5527. 

PHALiENOPSIS Sumatrana. 

Sumatra Phalanopsis. 

Nat. Ord. Okchide.e. — Gynandria Moxandeia, 
Gtn. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 5351.) 



Phal.enopsis Schilleriana ; foliis acntis, pedunculo plurifloro, sepalis oblongis 
acutis extus non carinatis, petalis cuneato-ligulatis acutis, labello brevi un- 
guiculato tripartito, laciniis lateral ibus ligulatis, apice retuso-denticulatis, 
lvtrorsum falcatis, extus oblique carinatis, lacinia media ligulato-pandurata 
ibrnicata caniosA, basi implicita, per lineam mediam carinata, autice dense 
pilosa, ligulis forcipatis duabus deinceps inter partitiones laterales, columna 
^emitereti pandurata, androclinio cucullato denticulate lichb. 

Phal^nopsis Sumatrana. Korthals, Bchb.jil. in Otto, Hamb. Gartenzeit. I860, 
115, alias P. zebrina, Hort. Bog. in Annates d'Hortic. et de Bot. ou Flore 
des Jardins du Royaume des Pays-Bas, IS60, fasc. 10, cum ic 

P. zebrina in Plant* Nov. in Hort. Bog. Culta, auct. T.E. Teijsman et Binnen- 
dijk, 1863, 15. 



Ail interesting account — for which we are indebted to Pro- 
fessor Reichenbach— of this remarkable Phalsenopsis appeared in 
the ' Gardeners' Chronicle/ the first week of last June. From 
this we learn that the species is a native of the province of Pa- 
lembang, in Sumatra, where it was originally discovered by Kort- 
hals, more than a quarter of a century ago. By him it would seem 
to have been sent to the Botanic Garden at Leyden, where it 
flowered about the year 1856, and where an imperfect figure- 
subsequently published in the ' Annales ' as P. zebrma—wzs pre- 
pared. But although long since introduced to Continental collec- 
tions, the species was never seen in this country before the spring 
of the present year, when it flowered beautifully in the collec- 
tion of Mr. Day, who exhibited at South Kensington the speci- 
men from which Mr. Fitch's drawing was taken. 

Professor Reichenbach remarks that the anthcr-\\& is fringed 
after the manner of Trkhopilia, and that the apex of the hp is 

august 1st, 1865. 



furnished with " hairs quite, as dense as in a good hat-brush." 
It is as easily managed as any of its congeners. 

Descr. Leaves pointed, about six inches long. Flower-spike 
about the length of the leaves, five- to ten- flowered. Sepals oblong, 
pointed, not carinate, an inch or more long. Petals more cu- 
neate than the sepals, which they otherwise resemble, both in 
form and colour, the latter being yellowish-white, barred with 
broad streaks of rich reddish-brown. Lip short, unguicuate, 
three-lobed, the lateral portions meeting in front and stretching 
backwards, in which direction they end in a sort of curved 
tooth ; the middle portion, which is pressed closely together at 
the base, is fleshy throughout, and very hairy in front, of an 
oblong or slightly panduriform shape, carinate along its centre 
line, and provided with two slender, sharp, upright processes at 
the point of its junction with the lateral lobes. In colour the 
lip is white, with orange spots on its side partitions, and four 
lines of violet (or in some varieties lilac) streaks along its central 
lobe. Column white, semiterete, rather fiddle-shaped, with its 
anther-Md fringed. — /. B. 



Fig. 1. Side view of column and lip. 2. Front view of ditto :— both slightly 
magnified. 



5528. 




U.lttidrffel 



Tab. 5528. 
PRIMULA cortusoides; var. amcena. 

Cortusa-leaved Primrose ; deep-coloured var. 



Nat. Ord. Primolace;e. — Pentandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx subcampanulatus vel tubulosus, plus minus profunde 5-deu- 
tatus vel etiam 5-fidus. Corolla hypocraterimorpha vel infundibuliformis, limbo 
5-fido, lobis plerumque emarginatis, fame ad limbum dilatata, tubo tereti calycem 
aequante aut superante. Stamina inclusa. Filamenta brevissima. Anthera 
saepe acuminata?. Ovarium globosum aut ovato-globosum. Ovula 00, peltatim 
amphitropse. Capsula ovata, 5-valvis, valvulis integris aut bifidis apice tantum 
dehiscentibus, seminibus minimis numerosis. — Herbae, foliis plerumque radicali- 
bus ; scapo simplici ; floribus umbellatis involucratis, rarius verticillatis, scepissime 
speciosis. Be Cand. 



Primula (§ Primulastrum) cortusoides; foliis petiolatis cordato-ovatis villosis 
rugosis insequabter dentatis subobtusis, scapis villosis 5-00-floris, involucri 
foliolis lineari-subulatis acutis, pedicellis divaricatis 6° minoribus, calyci3 
suburceolati adpressi striati 5-fidi tubum subsequantis laciniis lineari-lan- 
ceolatis acutis, corollae bypocraterimorphae lobis late obcordatis marginatis. 
Be Cand. 

PaiMULA cortusioides. Linn. Sp. PI. p. 206. Gmel. Fl. Sibir. v. 4. t. 45. 
Thunb. Jap. p. 82. Bot. Mag. t. 399. Andr. Bot. Repos. t. 7. 

/?. amosna ; floribus duplo triplove majoribus, colore intense purpureo-roseo. Tab. 
Nostr. 5528. 



This extremely handsome state of the well-known Primula 
cortusoides has been recently imported into English gardens from 
Japan, and our figure is taken from a living plant entrusted to 
us for the purpose, by Messrs. Veitch, in May of the present year. 
One has but to compare our present figure with the figures 
quoted above, or with native specimens from the Russian domi- 
nions in our herbaria, to justify the preference that must be given 
to this variety, on account of the size of the foliage and umbels 
and flowers, and the deep, almost purple colour of the latter. 
Thunberg, indeed, in his ' Flora Japonica/ says of the species, 
" Crescit hinc inde in insula Nipon ;" but he adds, " saepe in 
hortis culta ;" and Dr. Asa Gray, in his ' Japan Collections of 

august 1st, 1865. 



Williams and Morrow,' gives it as an inhabitant of Simoda : but 
as we have never received it in any of the numerous collections 
of specimens we have received from Japan, is it not likely, since 
the Japanese are great gardeners, they may have imported it from 
Siberia, as they appear to have done the Primula Sinensis ? At 
auy rate it is a great acquisition to European gardens. 

Descr. Moot a rather slender horizontal or ascending rhizome. 
Leaves all radical, downy, as is all the herbaceous part of the 
plant, ovate or oblong-ovate, cordate, dark-green above, paler 
beneath, wrinkled, raany-lobed at the margin, the lobes acute, 
toothed. Petioles terete, three to four inches long, tufted with 
scales or bracts at their base. Scape longer than the foliage, 
bearing an umbel four to five inches in diameter ; the pedicels 
with an involucre of several-whorled linear- lanceolate scales or 
bracteoles at their bases. Calyx rather large, of five deep, ovato- 
lanceolate, striated lobes. Corolla hypocrateriform ; the limb an 
inch and a half broad, plane, deep purple-lilac, with a white star 
at the faux ; lobes of the limb deeply obcordate. Stamens quite 
included. Ovary globose, surrounded at the base by a hypogy- 
nous cup. 



Fig. 1. Calyx and pistil. 2. Pistil -.—both magnified. 







W.TitcKdel.etlith. 



Yincent Broc* 



Tab. 5529. 

li paris atropurpurea. 

Dark-purple-jlowered Liparis. 



Nat. Ord. Orchide^. — Gynandria Monandria. 

Gen. Char. Sepala patentia, libera ; lateralia basi aequalia, saepius breviora. 
Petala sepalis angustiora, linearis vel filiformia. Labellum ascendens vel erect um, 
basi cum columna paululum accretum, supra basin sajpius bituberculatum, inte- 
grum, nunc mucronibus aliquot sed lobis nullis. Columna elongata, semiteres, 
incurva, apice marginata. Anthem bilocularis. Pollinia 4, collateralia. Lindl. 
Gen. et. Sp. p. 26. 



Liparis atropurpurea ; foliis 2-4 subrotundis acuminatis petiolatis plicatis basi 
obliquis cucullatis racemo erecto rari-(vel pluri-)floro subsequalibiis, scapo 
tereti, labello oblongo obtuso recurvo crenulato, sepalis lateralibus oblongo- 
lanceolatis obliquis, petalis longissimis filiformibus. Lindl. I. c. 

Liparis atropurpurea. Wight, Icon. PI. hid. Orient, v. 3. p. 904. 



Although by no means a showy plant, this is by far the most 
ornamental species of the sombre genus to which it belongs. 
It is a native of Ceylon, and was sent to Kew, in 1862, from the 
Botanic Garden at Peradenia, by Mr. Thwaites. Placed at the 
cooler end of the East Indian house, it flowered finely in June 
of the present year under the zealous management of Mr. Smith. 
It is terrestrial, and should be potted in a mixture of peat and 
loam. 

Descr. Plant terrestrial, a foot or more high. Leaves from 
two to four, plicated, nearly round, acuminate, petiolate, oblique 
at the base and somewhat hooded, about equal in length to the 
raceme, which, though few-flowered according to Dr. Lindley's 
description, was many-flowered in the specimen from which the 
figure was taken. Scape round. Sepals oblong-lanceolate, half 
an inch long, bent slightly backwards. Petals long for the 
genus, stretched out horizontally, waved, and, like the sepals, of 
a chocolate-purple. Lip oblong-obtuse, recurved, crenulate in 

SEPTEMBER 1ST, 1865. 



Dr. Lindley's wild specimens, but nearly entire in the specimen 
that flowered at Kew ; its colour is a deep rich purple. Column 
half-round, bending inwards, much shorter than the lip, green 
stained with purple. — /. B. 



Fig. 1. Front view of flower. 2. Side view of flower. 3. Column. 4, 5. 
Front and side views of lip : — magnified. 



Tab. 5530. 
PHAL.ENOPSIS Schilleriana, 

Schiller 's Pkalanopsis. 



Xat. Ord. Orchide.e. — Gynaxdria Monandria. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 5351.) 



Phal.f,xopsis Schilleriana ; foliis zebrinis oblongis obtnsis panicnla multiflora 
nutante brevioribus, sepalo dorsali obovato obtuse acuto, laterahbus ovatis 
acutioribus, petalis rhombeis multo latioribus, labelli lobis lateralibus oblongis 
ascendentibus, intermedio ovali apice utrinque bifalci, callo qiiadncorm m 
basi. 

Thal^nopsis Schilleriana. Rchb.fil. « Xenia Orchidacea,' t. 101. Id. in Hamb. 
Gartenzeitung, 1 860. p. 144. Lindl. ' Gardeners Chronicle,' I860, p. 21 fa ; 
1861, p. 617 ; 1862, p. 95. Warner's ' Select Orchidaceous Plants, pi. 1. 
Lemaire, in Illus. llort. 1863, pi. 348. 



As in the case of the Pkalanopsis figured at Tab. 5527, the 
honour of having been the first to introduce and to flower the 
subject of the opposite Plate rests with the Continental Orcnicl- 
growers. And it is one of which they may well be proud, lor 
no species of the lovely genus to which it belongs— no, not even 
-P. amabilis itself— can at all be compared with it in beauty . 
In dedicating it under these circumstances to his distinguished 
countryman Consul Schiller, of Hamburg, Professor Reichenbacli 
paid a well-merited compliment to one whose collection ot Urcmcis 
has lone been renowned and still maintains its celebrity. 

There are many varieties, which differ from each other in the 
marbling of the leaves, and in the size and tinting ot the Blos- 
soms. Those which first appeared among us scarcely gave a lair 
idea of the effect the plant is capable of producing when the best 
kinds have attained their proper vigour. Mr. W i hams, ot iioi- 
loway, mentions his having imported a plant on which was a na- 
tive flower-stem that had borne a hundred blossoms, and 1 have 
little doubt that— as the plants in our stoves improve every year 
-at least an equal display will ere long be made in this country. 



AUGUST 1st, 1865. 



As the plant is found at a higher level in the Philippines than 
P. amabilis, it need not be kept quite so warm, but under almost 
any circumstances it grows well and blooms freely in the winter 
and spring. 

The figure was taken from a glorious specimen that flowered 
in the nursery of Mr. Veitch in May last. In the size of its 
blossoms and the delicacy of its tints, this variety eclipses all that 
have as yet shown themselves. 

Descr. Leaves from six to eighteen inches long, oblong and 
coming to a blunt point, beautifully marbled on the upper side 
with irregular whitish streaks on a dark-green ground, the un- 
der side being purple. Peduncle one to three feet long, bent 
downwards, branched, many-(10-100-)flowered, all the flowers 
being open at the same time. Sepals an inch or more long, the 
dorsal one obovate and rather sharp-pointed, the lateral ones 
ovate and more acute. Petals of a rhomboid form, much wider 
than the sepals, and, like them, of a rich rosy-lilac colour, be- 
coming fainter or almost white at the edges. Lip three-lobed, 
the lateral lobes white, oblong, rounded, and stretching back- 
w ?™s, with a four-cornered yellow callosity at their base; the 
middle lobe rosy-lilac, oval, and split at the summit into two 
slender portions, that diverge from each other and are gracefully 
curved Column blue, clavate, prolonged, and free at the base. 



Fig. 1. Lip and column :— slightly magnified. 



IkJI. 




"W.Iitch, del.et hm 



ifooent Brooks, Irap 



Tab. 5531. 
ALSTRCEMERIA densiflora. 

Dense-flowered Alstrcemeria. 



Nat. Ord. Amaryllidace.e. — Hexandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. (Vide mpra, Tab. 5442.) 

§ Bomarea,^ cawfe scandente v. volubili ; capsula depresso-globosa. Endl. — 
Bomarea, Mirb., Herbert. 



Alstrcemeria (Bomarea) densiflora ; caule volubili glabro, foliis ovatis breviter 
acuminatis subtus pubescentibus umbella multiflora densa, pedicellis pubes- 
centibus raro bracteatis, floribus uncialibus puniceis, petalis lato-spatbulatis 
calyci sequilongis nigro-punctatis, ovario styloque pubescentibus. 

Bomarea densiflora. Herb. Amaryll. p. 399. t. 46./. 4. Kik. Enum. Plant, v. 
5. p. 810. 



This richly-coloured Alstrcemeria (of the Bomarea group) was 
originally described by Mr. Herbert, from specimens gathered 
by Mathews in the vicinity of Chachapoyas, in Peru, and distri- 
buted with the number 1667. It was also found by Mr. Spruce 
in the mountains of Pallatanga, in the Andes of Ecuador, at an 
elevation of from six thousand to eleven thousand feet ; and in 
No. 5545 of his dried specimens he describes it as a slender 
twining herb of about eight feet, with scarlet flowers, which it is 
evident are frequently more than twice as numerous in the umbel 
as they were in the specimen here figured. This was received 
from Messrs. Veitch, who imported it from Peru through their 
South American collector, Mr. Pearce. 



Pig. 1. Flower witb perianth removed, showing ovary, style, and stigma. 
2. Petal: — magnified. 



SEPTEMBER 1ST, 1865. 



Tab. 5532. 

HiEMANTHUS incarnatus. 

Mesh-coloured Hamanthus. 



Nat. Ord. Amabyllide;e. — "Hexandbia Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 5314.) 



Hvemanthus incarnatus; foliis recumbentibus amplis obovatis obtusis ciliatis, 
scapo rubente immaculato, spatha multivalva, foliolis angustis acutis flore 
brevioribus, periauthii tubo limboque incamatis, stylo exserto stamina non 
excedente. 

ILemanthus incarnatus. Burch. Tab. Pict. 1818, ex Herb. Amaryll. 237. t. 31. 
/.I. Kunih, Eiwm. Plant, v. 5. p. 598. • 



This species has considerable affinity with H. tic/rims, figured 
at Tab. 1705 of this work, but it is a more elegant plant, with 
broader leaves, the scape more slender, without the spots of //. 
tigrinns, the divisions of the spatha smaller, narrower, and less 
coloured, the flowers smaller and of a different colour. It was 
originally discovered in South Africa by the late Dr. Burchell. 
Our specimen was raised by Wilson Saunders, Esq., of Heath- 
field, Reigate, from bulbs recently introduced through his col- 
lector, Mr. Cooper. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Flower with perianth removed:— magnified. 



SEPTEMBER 1ST, 1865. 




Vincent Srooks.lith 



Tab. 5533. 

LANKESTERIA Bartbri. 

Mr. Barter s Lankesteria. 



Nat. Otd. Acanthace^:. — Diandbia Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx 5-partitus, sequalis, segmentis linearibus. Corolla hypocra- 
terimorpha, tubo gracili calycem superante, limbo 5-partito subaaquali, lobis ajsti- 
vatione contortis. Stamina 2, versus apicem tubi inserta ; antherte biloculares, 
loculis parallelis. Ovarium 4-ovulatum. Stylus filiformis. Stigma capitatum, 
subbilobum. Capsula pedicellata. 



Lankestekia Barteri; suffrutex 4-pedalis, foliis ovate oblongis vel oblongo- 
lanceolatis acuminatis basi angustatis 4-8 -unci ali bus sparse puberulis 
demum glabrescentibus, spicis terminalibus simplicibus vel compositis, brac- 
teis imbricatis ovatis acuminatis nervosis puberulis ciliatisque, calycis seg- 
mentis anguste linearibus longe ciliatis, tubo corollas pubescente dimidio 
brevioribua. 



This showy species of Lankesteria was sent to us by Dr. 
Moore, of Glasnevin Gardens, and was raised from seed sent 
from West Africa by Mr. Milne. It was included by Dr. An- 
derson under L. elegans, T. A. {Eranthemum elegans, R. Br. ; 
Nees in DC. Prod. 447), in consequence of Nees omitting to 
quote the very characteristic plate of that species (t. 50 of the 
Flore D'Oware). The true L. elegans has broader bracts, much 
shorter and somewhat broader calyx-segments, and a glabrous 
corolla-tube. There are specimens of it at Kew, collected by 
Mann. Though the flowers are represented in the Beauvois 
plate as rose-coloured, it is not unlikely that they are orange, 
like those of L. Barteri, as it is well known that the colours re- 
presented in the « Flore D'Oware ' are not to be relied on. 



Fig. I. Flower. 2. Side view of two-celled anther. 3. Ovary, style, and 
stigma : — magnified. 



SEPTEMBEK 1ST, 1865. 




WBtdl,::* 



Vincent Brooks tap- 



Tab. 5534. 

EUPHORBIA Monteiri. 

Mr. Monteirds Euphorbia. 



Nat. Old. ElJPHORBIACEJE. — MoNCECIA MONANDRIA. 

Gen. Char. Involucrum subregulare, campanulatum, turbinatum vel hemisphae- 
ncum ; lobis 5 (rarius 4-8) primariis membranaceis, 5 aliis (rarius 8) secundariis 
alternantibus glanduliferis, glandulis abortu interdum 1-4. Flores masculi pedi- 
cellati, ecalyculati, bracteolis ciliato-laceris interdum obsoletis basi stipati, in 
series quinas (rarius 4-8) lobis primariis involucri oppositas dispositi. Ffos 
fcemineus centralis, pedicellatus, calyce 3-6-lobo suffultus, ssepius ecalyculatus. 
Styli tres, distincti, vel plus minus coaliti, bifidi, lobis apice vel latere interiore 
stigmatosis. Semina pendula, cum vel absque caruncula. — Plantae in toto orbi 
terror urn crescentes, in temperatis et calidioribus frequhdiores. Boissier in DC. 
Prod. xv. 

Sect. XX. Euphoebium. — Folia sparsa vel obsoleta, floralia opposita vel 
ternata. Stipulce nullse. Cymee axillares vel supra-axillares, interdum terminales. 
Glandule exappendiculatae. — Prutices, rarius herbse, gerontogei, carnosi, tubercu- 
lati vel costati ; pedunculis interdum spinescentibus. Boiss. I. c. 

§ 2. Glandulae involucri bilabiatae, labio interiori brevissimo vel obsoleto, 
exteriori margine palmatifido. 



Euphorbia Monteiri ; trunco lignoso forsan arborescente cortice cinereo, ramis 
adscendentibus carnosis cylindricis vel clavatis podariis numerosis obtuse 
conicis £— 1 unciam altis junioribus viridibus, adultis cinerascentibus in 
trunco evanidis; foliis carnosis glaberritnis ad apicem ramorum supra 
podaria insertis, anguste spathulatis obtusis et minute mucronulatis vel in- 
terdum retusrs cum petiolo 4-8 uncias longis %-l\ latis ; ramulis floriferis 
fere bipedalibus, ex axillis foliorum superiorum gracilibus carnosulis fo- 
liosis paucifloris, foliis sensim minoribus, sine podariis, superioribus sessi- 
libus, umbellse radiis 3 foliis 3 sessilibus deltoideis vel ovato-lanceolatis 
suifultis, foliis floralibus late deltoideis basi subcordatis involucri hemi- 
sphserici lobis ovalibus dense ciliatis, glandulis carnosis, labio superiore 
minuto calloso, inferiore crasse carnoso rubro-fuseo ad medium in pro- 
cessus 4-5 apice glandulosos diviso, stylis ultra medium coalitis. 



This very remarkable species of Euphorbia was sent to Kew, 
in 1864, by Joachim Monteiro, Esq., the eminent and indefati- 
gable zoologist, to whom the Royal Gardens are indebted for 
many valuable contributions from South West Africa. The 

SEPTEMBER 1st, 1865. 



drawing, which was made in June, shows the earliest stage of 
the inflorescence, when a single involucre terminates each flower- 
ing branchlet. The plant is still in flower in the Cactus-house, 
and now each branchlet bears an umbel of three rays. The 
plant is especially remarkable for the curious successive produc- 
tions of the staminate flowers, of which one or two appear the 
first day and wither away, to be succeeded next day by about 
four more ; when these have withered, several more appear in 
succession on the third and fourth days. 



Fig. 1. Greatly reduced drawing of whole plant. 2. Part of a flowering 
branchlet. 3. Leaf of barren branch with its podarium :— nat. size. 4. Invo- 
lucre. 5. Stamen and fimbriated scale: — magnified 



5536. 




Vincent Brooks, Imp- 



Tab. 5535. 
CALATHEA Veitchiana. 

Mr. Veitclis Calathea. 

Nat. Ord. Marantace.e. — Monandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4973.) 



Calathea Veitchiana; acaulis, csespitosa, foliis petiolatis ellipticis v. ovato- 
ellipticis obtusis v. obtusiusculis glabris, petiolo pilosulo, scapo firmulo 
foliis breviore, spica terminali obovoidea, bracteis numerosis undique arete 
imbricatis ovatis obovatisveextus adpresse pilosis superioribusvacms glabratis 
patentibus, perianthii interioris tubo incluso, limbo parvo, lobo autico 
(labello) rotundato-obovato emarginato pallide purpureo cscteris flavido- 
viridibus. — Forma : foliis supra maculis laete viridibus lunatis notatis. 

Calathea Veitchiana. /. Veitch, mss. 



Of the tribe of the Arrowroots (Marantese), so remarkable for 
the beauty of their ample foliage, there are few species, if any, 
which can take higher rank in ornamental culture than the 
subject of this Plate, one of two apparently imdescribed species 
recently forwarded to us in flower by Messrs. Veitch, and ob- 
tained by their collector, Mr. Pearce, in Western Tropical South 
America. 

C. Veitchiana, with its sceptre-like scape and dense flower-head, 
the bracts imbricated all round, belongs to the same section of 
the genus (Pseudophrynium, Kornicke) as the old Calathea (for- 
merly Maranta) zebrina. It differs from any of its congeners 
known to us in having several of the rather large upper bracts 
empty as in Eucomis, and from its nearest allies in the form and 
colour of the perianth, of which unfortunately we do not possess 
the material to enable us to give a detailed description of the 
inner segments and adherent staminodia. This species is named 
by Mr. James Veitch in remembrance of his late father, " with 
whom it was a great favourite." 

Descr. The large petiolate radical leaves are more or less 
ovate-elliptical, scarcely or but shortly pointed, broad and rounded 
at the base, glabrous on both sides, marked above on each side 

OCTOBER 1st, 1865. 



of the midrib with large, crescent-shaped, connected, dark-green 
blotches, having their concave sides towards the midrib, which 
the cusps nearly or quite reach. Toward the margin the leaf is 
similarly deeply-coloured ; petioles very slightly hairy. Scape 
tolerably firm, about as thick as a goose-quill, cylindrical and 
minutely hairy, shorter than the leaves. Spike two to three 
inches long and about two inches in diameter; bracts rather 
closely imbricated in the lower part of the spike w T ith more or 
less spreading tips, the upper part on the outside thinly clothed 
with long loosely appressed hairs, the upper bracts empty and 
spreading, coloured reddish beneath towards the apices. Flowers 
small, in fascicles of three to six in the axils of the bracts, 
subtended by oblong or linear-oblong membranous bracteoles. 
Calyx-limb of three equal linear segments, shorter than the tube 
of the corolla, but several times longer than the ovary. Perianth- 
tube included, limb exserted ; labellum blotched with pale-purple, 
posterior segment and staminodia pale greenish-yellow. 



Fig. 1. Fascicle of flowers and buds with their bracteoles taken from the axil 
of a bract. 2. Single flower from behind. 3. Stamen and stigma : — magnified. 



5536. 




"WRtch,dd.etlith. 



VincertBnwksJiflp- 



Tab. 5536. 

DIANTHUS Chinensis, var. laciniatus. 

Indian Pink, var. with deeply-cut petals'. 



Nat. Ord. Cabyophyllace.e. — Decandeia Digynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 2744.) 



DrAXTitus Chinensis. (Spec. Char, vide supra, Tab. 25.) 

D. Chinensis, L., var. laciniatus, Kegel, " corolla maxima in diametro 4 pollices 
latiore, petalis cuneatis apice nmbriato-laciniatis basi elongate cuneata in- 
tegerrima." Gartenflora, 1858, p. 8. t. 219. Fl. des Serres, t. 1289. 

D. cincinnatus. Lem. Z'lllust. Hort. xi. t. 388. 



It is not a little remarkable that of the beautiful genus Dian- 
thus not a single species has been figured in the ' Botanical Ma- 
gazine ' since the year 1827. Nor does our annexed Plate re- 
present either a new species or even a species figured for the 
first time in this series. There can be no doubt of the specific 
identity of the gay plant on the opposite page, bearing flowers 
four inches in diameter, with the modest little Indian Pink figured 
in the first volume of the ' Botanical Magazine ' (Tab. 25). The 
differences between these extreme forms, though perhaps even 
more marked, are altogether analogous to those which obtain 
between the figures, dated respectively 1804 (Tab. 758) and 
1854 (Tab. 4816) of Kniphofia Uvaria. They are differences 
which, we have evidence to show, are due to the continued in- 
fluence of rich soil or to the skill of cultivators through some 
other medium. The favourite Indian Pink appears, like the 
Zinnia, after long cultivation in Europe and Japan, to have 
broken out into several very striking varieties, well worthy of the 
attention of our florists. Of the more remarkable forms several 
have been carefully described and figured in Regel's c Garten- 
flora ' (Tabb. 216, 240; see also Fl. des Serres, 1150 and 
1288), and it is to the form which Dr. Regel distinguishes as 
I>. Chinemis-laciniatus, that the plant here figured by Mr. Fitch 
belongs. The tendency to variation is by no means confined to 

OCTOBEB 1st, 1865. 



the petals, which may be either simply dentate or very deeply 
herniate. The bracts surrounding the base of the tubular calyx, 
the relative length of which organs is so often employed as a 
tributary specific character in the genus, vary also very much, 
and in a few flowers now before us, we find them varying 
from ovate-cuspidate and but half the length (or less) of" the 
calyx, to linear-acuminate equalling or sometimes considerably 
exceeding the calyx. The form and direction of the leaves is 
also variable. The case is one which it might be advantageous 
to study carefully with a view to the general principles which 
govern variation in plants. 

Descr. Stems decumbent or ascending, six inches to one foot 
or more in height, usually branching, glaucous. Leaves linear 
to linear-lanceolate, acuminate, entire, glabrous and glaucous, or 
very minutely scabrid-puberulous, denticulate-ciliolate. Flowers 
very large, terminal, solitary, from white or pink to crimson, or 
variously blotched. Bracts ovate-cuspidate, much shorter than 
the calyx, to linear-acuminate, exceeding it in length. Lamina 
of the petals cuneate, deeply fimbriate. Stamens and style vary- 
ing in relative length in different plants (owing to a dimorphic 
condition carried to an extreme in some unisexual species of the 
same Order). 



5537. 




WBtd»,ad.etlitf 



Vincent Broak^Imp. 



Tab. 5537. 

DENDROBIUM Tattonianum. 

Lord Egerton of Tattons Dendrobe. 






'S 



Nat. Ord. Orchide^e. — Gynandria Monandkta. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4755.) 



Dendrobium Tattonianum,; caulibus fusiformibus, racemis sparsifloris, foliis an- 
gustis carnosis acutis longioribus, bracteis triangulo-setaceis ovariis pedi- 
cellatis multo brevioribus, sepalis ligulatis subacutis, mento parvo obtuse 
conico, petalis a basi angustissima dilatatis ligulatis subacutis paulo longio- 
ribus, labello longe cuneato antice trifido laciniis lateralibus triangulis an- 
tice obtusangulis, lacinia media semiovata apiculata, venis in laciniis late- 
ralibus carinulato-incrassatis, carinis lobulatis ternis antice inter lacunas 
laterales in disco lacinise anticse in lamellas rhombeas dorso crenulatis ex- 
euntibus, columna apice tridentata, antheru velutina. Reich, fil. (conf. B. 
amulum, R. Br.) 

Dendrobium Tattonianum. Bateman mss. Gard. Chron. Sept. 23, 1865. 



This very remarkable Dendrobe is a native of North Australia, 
where it was recently discovered, at no great distance from the 
coast, by Mr. J. G. Veitch, who sent it to his father's establish- 
ment at Chelsea in the spring of the present year. The plants 
of this and of another species figured in a subsequent Plate 
(Tab. 5540), arrived in such excellent condition that they have 
already flowered freely both in the Exotic Nursery and in the 
collection of Lord Egerton of Tatton. The species being quite 
new, I gladly availed myself of the opportunity of dedicating it 
to the latter nobleman, whose collection of Orchids is exceed- 
ingly rich and admirably grown. The species has a pleasant 
smell, and continues in beauty for two months. Like D. bi- 
gibbum, from the same country, it is very easily cultivated. 

The specific character is from the accurate pen of Professor 
Reichenbach, to whom, as well as to myself, flowering specimens 
were sent. 

OCTOBER 1st, 1865. 



Descr. Pseudobulbous stems fusiform or pear-shaped, two or 
three inches high, and bearing four or five narrow fleshy sharp- 
pointed leaves, which are at least twice as long as the swollen 
stems. From the side near the apex of the latter arise the 
flower-stalks, which are stiff and erect, about a foot high, and 
terminated by a dozen or more loosely distributed flowers, to 
which the yellow and white sepals and petals and the mauve 
lip give a very peculiar appearance. Bracts small, triangular, 
bristle-pointed, not a quarter the length of the ovary. Sepals 
ligulate, somewhat acute, forming at their base a short, blunt, 
conical men turn or chin. Petals very narrow at the base, and 
slightly longer but otherwise nearly of the same shape as the 
sepals, and, like them, white tipped with yellow. Lip white at 
the edges and extremities, but deep mauve on its disc, of a pro- 
longed wedge-shaped form, and divided in front into three 
lobes, of which the lateral lobes are of a somewhat triangular 
shape, and blunt, while the central lobe is semi-ovate and apicu- 
late; along the centre of the lip run keel-like elevated veins, 
which terminate (on the central lobe) in three crenulated rhom- 
boid plates. Column three-toothed at its apex, with a velvety 
anther. — J. B. 



Fig. 1. Column. 2. Pollen-masses. 3. Front view of lip. 4. Side view of 
ditto : — magnified. 



5538. 




W.Btch.dfil.etlith. 



-Rncent Brocfc, Imp 



Tab. 5538. 
STACHYTARPHETA bicolor. 

Two-coloured Bastard- Vervain. 



Nat. Orel. Verbenace.^. — Diandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 4211.) 



Stachytarpheta bicolor ; suffruticosa, foliis ovatis v. ovato-lanceolatis acutis 
serratis basi in petiolum brevem angustatis glabris, spicis sublaxifloris, 
bracteis subulatis acutis, corolla tubuloso-infundibuliformi calyce'duplo lon- 
giore, tubo infra medium abrupte curvato atque angustato, limbo breviter 
recurvo, germine basi gibboso. 



Though less effective than S. aristata (Bot. Mag. Tab. 4211), 
this interesting species has the advantage of many of its weed- 
like congeners in the comparatively great length of its corolla, 
which is moreover of an unusual colour. On emerging from the 
bud of a deep purple, it soon acquires a peculiar greenish-blue, 
the throat remaining white. It is further remarkable in the 
form of the corolla, which is funnel-shaped, with a very short 
spreading limb, and not hypocrateriform or salver-shaped, as is 
usual in the genus. The specimen from which our figure was 
drawn developed its flowers on the passage home from Bahia, 
whence it was forwarded to us by our excellent correspondent 
C. H. Williams, Esq.; and it is just possible the unusual 
colour of its flowers may have something to do with the circum- 
stances under which they were produced. Although there are 
thirty-five species of Stachytarpheta described from Brazil, our 
friend M. Bocquillon, who has made the Ferbenacea his special 
study, and who happens to be by us as we prepare this for 
press, is unable to refer this plant to any of them, so that we 
have no alternative but to publish it as new. 

Descr. Leaves varying from ovate to ovate-lanceolate, acute, 
serrate from a little above the base, which, in the broader leaves, 
is rather abruptly or cuneately narrowed into the petiole, gla- 

october 1st, 1865. 



brous or nearly so. Spike terminal, slender, exceeding the 
leaves; bracts subulate, erect, rather distant or snbhnbricate. 
Calyx (described from the drawing) tubular, very shortly split 
on one side, the apex bifid. Corolla narrowly infundibuliform, 
the tube narrowed and rather sharply curved to one side a little 
below the middle ; limb short, spreading or slightly recurved, 
the four broader lobes broadly rotundate, somewhat pointed. 
Stamens two, perfect, inserted near the top of the tube. Ovary 
with a thickened, lateral gibbosity or gland, tapering into the 
long, filiform, but scarcely exserted style. Stigma capitate. 



Fig. 1. Single flower, removed. 2. Calyx and style. 3. Corolla, laid open. 
4. Ovary. 5. Stamens and staminodia. 



5539. 




WRtclx.deLetlLth 



TSncent 



Tab. 5539. 

MESEMBRYANTHEMUM acinaciforme. 

Scimitar-leaved Fig -Marigold. 



N"at. Ord. Ficoideje. — Icosandbia Polygynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 2144.) 



§ Acinaciformia (Salm-Dyck). Caules fruticosi, validi, angulares, decumbentes. 
Folia connata, triquetra, acinaciformia, crassa, lsevia. Flore s speciosi, soli- 
tarii, rubicundi aut flavi. Calyx 5-partitus, lobis insequalibus. Stigmata 
6-10. Fructus carnosus. 

Mesembryanthemum acinaciforme; foliis compresso-triquetris sursum incras- 
satis acutis vel acutiusculis, carina marginibusque integris v. undulato-serru- 
latis, pedunculis bibracteatis petalis purpureis, stigmatibus ad 14. 

Mesembryanthemum acinaciforme. Linn. Sp. PL 695. Bill. Hort. Elth. f. 
270-271. Andr. Hep. t. 508. Be Cand. PL Grasses, t. 89. Salm-Byck, 
Monog. § 19. t. 6. 

M. lsevigatum. Haw. Syn. 233. 

M. rubrocinctum. E. et Z., Bot. Reg. 1732. 

M. subalatum. Haw. Syn. 235. 



Dr. Lindley, speaking of Mesembryanthemum rubrocinctum 
(Bot. Reg. 1732), which is a mere variety of this species, re- 
marks, that it may perhaps be considered the finest of the ex- 
tensive genus to which it belongs. Few things can be more 
effective than a well-disposed patch of this plant. It is an old 
inhabitant of gardens in the south-west of England, and well 
known in many out-of-the-way places, but by no means so 
generally as it deserves. It is with a view to draw attention to 
it and to its congeners, which have been too much neglected of 
late years, that we have had figured this species from a plant 
grown in the Scilly Islands, obligingly sent to us by A. Smith, 
Esq., M.P. It is a native of the Cape of Good Hope,— the 
head-quarters of the Fig Marigolds,— growing, according to Dr. 

OCTOBEK 1st, 1865. 



Sonder (' Flora Capensis,' v. 2. p. 412, whence we have obtained 
the above synonymy), on the sandy flats near Cape Town, etc. 
M. rubrocinctum differs from our variety solely in the trivial 
character of a frequent red line along the leaf-margins. The 
fruit is said to be eatable. 

Descr. Stem two to four feet, procumbent, pointed, the young 
shoots compressed and angular. Leaves two to three inches 
long, about three-quarters of an inch in thickness a little above 
the middle, triquetrous, pointed, and more or less narrowed to 
the base, where the opposite leaves are shortly connate; the 
keel, and sometimes the upper edges of the leaf, are either ser- 
rulate or entire, with or without a red line. Peduncle two- 
edged, with a pair of connate bracts. Stamens four to five 
inches in diameter ; petals purple, linear, emarginate. Anthers 
dark-purple. Stigmas twelve to fourteen, pale-yellow. 



Fig. 1. Calyx and stigmas, after removal of the petals and stamens. 



5540. 




W.Htch.dfiL.el 



VincentBrodks.lmp. 



Tab. 5540. 
DENDROBIUM Johannis. 

Mr. John G. Veitctis Dendrobe. 



Nat. Ord. Orchide^e. — Gynandria Monandria. 
Gen. Char. (Fide supra, Tab. 4755.) 



Dendrobium Johannis ; caulibus incrassatis Miosis racemis erectis multifloris 
brevioribus, foliis crassis angustis insequaliter bidentatis, bracteis minutis- 
simis triangulis, sepalo supremo ac petalis cuneato-bgulatis subacutis undu- 
lato-tortis porrectis, sepalis lateralibus subsequalibus, haud sequilongis, basi 
in calcar extinctiforme extensis, labello ab unguiculatissima basi dilatato 
cuneato oblongo trifido, laciniis lateralibus semirhombeis^ antice utrinque 
medio angulatis, lacinia media sessili subrhombea apiculata, carinis crassis 
ternis inter lacinias laterales per discum in disco lacinise media3 antice obtuse 
abruptis, lateralibus supra apicem bi-lobatis, columns! apice tridental basi 
utrinque angulata, anthera velutina. Rchb.fil. 

Dendrobium Johannis. Reichenbach in 'Gardeners' Chronicle,' Sept. 23, 1865. 



As in the case of the species figured in a preceding Plate (Tab. 
5537), our knowledge of this very interesting addition to the 
vast genus Dendrobium is due to the researches of Mr. John G. 
Veitch on the northern coasts of the great Australian continent. 
From hence it was sent to the Exotic Nursery in the King's 
Road, where it flowered freely along with D. Tattonianum in 
August last. Specimens having been communicated to Profes- 
sor Reichenbach, he very properly named the species in honour 
of its discoverer, being compelled for that purpose to avail him- 
self of his Christian name, inasmuch as the surname of the family 
had been already (in the Dendrobium Veitchianum of Lindley) 
pressed into a similar service. 

Though not so gay as D. Tattonianum, it is well worth grow- 
ing, and is aDparently of the easiest cultivation in an ordinary 
orchid-house/ The flowers, which are remarkable for their twisted 
sepals and petals, exhale a pleasant odour of honey. — /. B. 



Fig. 1. Lip and column. 2. Pollen-masses -.—magnified. 



OCTOBER 1st, 1865. 






5541. 




■ 



"Vincent Brooj> 



Tab. 5541. 

IONOPSIS PANICULATA. 

Panicled Ionopsis. 



Nat. Orel. Orchide.e. — Gynandria Monandria. 

Gen. Char. Sepala erecta, sequalia, membranacea ; lateralibus in saccum con- 
natis. Petala sepalis couformia. Labellnm membranaceum, sepalis longius, co- 
lumn;! paralleluru, limbo reflexo ; basi angustatum, auriculis 2 membranaceis 
intra marginem callisque 2 carnosis intra auriculas. Columna erecta, nana, 
aptera, semiteres, rostello rostrato. PoUinia 2, cereacea, sphserica, postice ex- 
cavata ; caudieula lineari. glandula. obovata. Anther a unilocularis, rostrata. — 
Herbae epiphytce, America tropica, acaules. Folia coriacea. Flores in racemis 
aut paniculis terminalibm dispositi, albi aut violacei. Lindl. 



Ionopsis paniculata ; foliis liueari-lanceolatis carinatis, scapo paniculato diffuso, 
sepalis acutis, petalis obtusis apiculatis longioribus, labelli pubescentis 
limbo rotundato bilobo sepalis multo longiore, auriculis rotundatis, sacco 
simplici. Lindl. 

Ionopsis paniculata. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. sub t. 1904. Fol. Orch. 1852. 
TFalpers, Ann. t. 5. p. 685. 

Epidendre paniculc. Descourtilz, Epid. Bras. ined. in Bibl. Belessert. I. 54. 



This is by far the finest species of a genus that otherwise com- 
prehends none but insignificant plants. It must also be regarded 
as the most extensively dispersed, if Professor Reichenbach's 
supposition, that it is a mere variety of I. utricularioides should 
prove to be well founded, the latter species being diffused 
over nearly the whole continent of South America. The speci- 
men figured was taken from among a multitude imported irom 
Brazil by Messrs. Hugh Low and Co., of Clapton, and which 
formed one of the most attractive features of their orchid-houses 
during the months of October and November last year. There 
were innumerable varieties, some almost pure white, others white 
and yellow, and others again— like the subject of the Plate — 
with a lovely purple spot on the lip. The flowers last for a con- 
siderable time, and are very freely produced ; indeed in order to 
preserve the plants in health it is sometimes necessary to destroy 
the flower-spikes, which, as iu the case of the species of Phala- 

NOTEJIBM 1st, 1865. 



iiupsis, are often out of all proportion to the number and strengtli 
of the leaves. The species succeeds under the same treatment 
as Burlingtoniaa or the more delicate kinds of Onddivm, and 
should be placed either on a block of wood, or, what is far better, 
on one of those earthenware imitations of a block of wood to 
which the name of " branch-orchid pots " is now applied. 

Descr. Leaves thick and channeled, two or three clustered to- 
gether, linear-lanceolate, keeled, about six inches long. Scape 
panicled and spreading a foot or more long, loaded with almost 
innumerable flowers of delicate and beautiful texture. Sepals 
sharp-pointed, scarcely more than the eighth of an inch long. 
Petals rather wider than the sepals, but otherwise conformable to 
them, white. Lip very large, pubescent at its base, and with 
two-lobed, rounded, apiculate limb, almost entirely white in some 
varieties, while in others it bears on its disk either a patch of 
yellow or of purple, or of both combined. Here it has two thin 
rounded auricles within the edge of the lip, and two much more 
fleshy calii within the auricles themselves. Column upright, 
short, wingless. — /. B. 



T\g. 1. Side view of labellum and column. 2. Front view of column. 
Pollen-masses. 4. Front view of labellum : — magnified. 



554-2. 




"W.Titch,deL.etlith. 



Tmcent Brooks, Imp- 



Tab. 5542. 
CALATHEA tubispatha. 

Tubular-spathed Calathea. 



Nat. Onl. Marantace.e. — Monandria Moxooynia. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 4973.) 



Calathea tubispatha ; acaulis, csespitosa, glaberrima, foliis obovato-ellipticis 
leviter obliquis breviter acuminatis v. acutatis basi obtusis integris v. bre- 
vissime subcordatis, petiolis vaginantibus glabris folio subaequilongis, scapo 
gracili, spica terminali pauciflora anguste cylindracea obliqua, bracteis 2 vel 
3 arete convolutis obtusis breviter et oblique apiculatis v. obtusis interioribus 
inclusis, perianthii flavi tubo incluso, lobo postico rotundato subintegro 
antico (labello) emarginato v. retuso. — Forma i foliis maculis brunneis 
gvminatis biseriatim notatis. 



This is the plant referred to in our last Number (Tab. 5535) 
as a second undescribed Calathea introduced by Messrs. Veiteli 
from Western Tropical South America, where it was collected by 
Mr. Pearce. It is a very graceful species, and its habit and 
prettily blotched leaves cannot fail to render it a valuable addi- 
tion to our variegated stove plants. The spike is remarkable in 
the genus, being narrowly cylindrical, slightly directed to one 
side, the outer bract equalling or exceeding the rest, each closely 
convolute and subtending about two rather pretty, though small 
yellow flowers. We have not the opportunity at present of 
making a detailed analysis of the expanded flower. 

Descr. Ccespitose, about one and a half to two feet high. 
Leaves obovate-elliptical, shortly acuminate or cuspidate, obtuse 
and entire or very narrowly cordate at the base, slightly oblique, 
firmly though thinly membranous, with a row on each side of the 
midrib of somewhat rhomboidal or oblong, deep brown blotches in 
pairs ; around these blotches the green colour of the leaf is some- 
what paler than along the midrib and margin, five to eight inches 
in length. Scape slender, erect, glabrous, about one foot high, 
sheathed below by the subtending leaf. Spike oblique, about one 
inch long, few-flowered, narrowly cylindrical ; bracts two or three, 
outer bract equalling or exceeding the rest, broadly obovate or 

NOVEMBER 1ST, 1835. 



quadrate-rotuudate, somewhat truncate and obscurely apiculate, 
closely convolute ; bract eolex membranous, the two lateral ones 
with winged keels. Flowers in pairs (or with rudiments of 
more) in the axil of each bract, yellow, the perianth but slightly 
exserted. 



Fig. 1. Flower removed from its bract. 2. Stamen and stigma: — magnified. 



5543. 



m ; 




V.Etah,del.etlith. 



Tfincent Brooks , Imp ■ 



Tab. 5543. 

PACHYPODIUM SUCCULENTUM. 

Succulent Pachypodium. 

Nat. Ord. Apocynace.e. — Pentandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx 5-partitus; lobis lanceolatis, basi squama vel glandulis 
omniao destitutis. Corolla bypocraterimorpha, sub-5-fida, externe puberula ; tubo 
interne sub staminum insertione pilis retrorsis per lineas quinque hispido, esqua- 
raato ; lobis restivatione sinistrorsum convolutis. Anthera supra mediam tubi 
partem sessiles, sagittatse, acumine longo apice polline destituto, medio stigmati 
adhairentes. Nectarium e glandulis 5 discretis truncatis constans. Ovaria 2, 
ovata, glabra, nectario longiora. Omda oo. Stylus 1. Stigma oblongum, ad 
basim angulo cinctum. Folliculi (ex E. Mey.) compressiusculi, erectmscub. 
Semina obovata, subcoinpressa, pendula, ad umbilicum comosa, coma multo 
breviora. Testa fulva, scabra, tenuis. Albumen tenuissimum, endopleurum simu- 
lans. Embryo rectus ; radicula supera, crassa, ovoidea, prope cotyledones rotun- 
data, apice conoidea ; cotyledonibus rotuudatis, basi cordatis, facie adpressis, sub- 
foliaceis, radicula brevioribus.— Fruticuli Capenses, erecti ; caudice sphcerico vel 
napiformi snccnlento ; ramorum epidermide caducd Icevi cortice subtus viridi aculeis 
gemink ex epidermide sparsis ; foliis intra aculeos axiUaribus solitariis, petiolo 
'subnullo ; floribus apice ramorum approximatis axiUaribus, roseo-albis. Alpli. Be 
Cand., Prod. v. 8. 423. 



Pachypodium succnlentum ; ramis apice subvelutinis v. glabratis, foliis lanceo- 
latis v. lineari-ovalibus acutis superne scabrido-pubescentibus g.abrescenti- 
bus subtus pubescentibus v. tomentoso-pubescentibus, lobis corolla? obovatis 
obovato-oblongisve obtusis vel retusis. 

Pachypodium succulentum. A. Be Cand. I. c. 

Echites succulenta. Thunb. Prodr. 37. 

Belonites succulenta. E. Mey. Comm. 187. 

Pachypodium tomentosum. Bon, Gen. Syst. v. 4. 78. 

Pachypodium tuberosum. Lindl. Pot. Peg. tab. 1321; Lodd. Pot. Cab. tab. 
1676. 



A South African plant, originally described by Thunberg, be- 
longing to the same remarkable category as the Ademum obesum 
figured recently in this journal (Tab. 5418), and the two gouty- 
stemmed Vines, V. Bainesii and V. macropus (Tabb. 54 / 2, 5479). 
The exceptional habit of these plants in the families to which 

NOVEMBER 1ST, ISfia. 



they respectively belong, affords an interesting problem for the 
consideration of those who incline to the derivative origin of 
species, and may be supposed to illustrate one kind of useful 
character, " selected/' and thus apparently moulded, by the exter- 
nal conditions to which they have been exposed through a long 
period of time. There can be no doubt that our plant is the 
same as P. tuberosum, Lindl., the figure of which we quote above. 
At the time of publication of that species the true P. succtdentum 
of Thunberg was not certainly known. Indeed M. A. De Can- 
dolle, in the ' Prodromus,' retains the two as distinct. They have 
been reduced to one species by M. Planchon (MS. note in Herb. 
Hook.) . The caudex of another species of the genus Pachypodium. 
[P. bispinosum) is said to be edible. Our figure is from a speci- 
men flowered in the Royal Gardens, Kew, presented by W. W. 
Saunders, Esq., and sent home by Mr. Cooper from South 
Africa. 

Descr. Caudex much thickened and succulent, smooth, emit- 
ting erect or ascending, annual, succulent, leafy, glaucous or glau- 
cescent branches, more or less armed below the leaves with 
straight, slender, acute, stipular spines. Leaves firm, dark-green, 
lanceolate, acute, entire, narrowed to the base, subsessile, obso- 
letely and rather roughly pubescent above, pubescent or somewhat 
tomentose beneath, about two inches long, half to three-quarters 
of an inch broad. Stipular spines most prominent on the lower 
part of the branches, in divaricate pairs, straight, slender, about 
a quarter of an inch long, Floivcrs terminal, umbellate, forming a 
head about four inches in diameter, very shortly stalked. Calyx 
very short, quinquepartite, with lanceolate lobes, pubescent or 
nearly glabrous. Corolla hypocrateriform, the spreading limb 
about equalling the tube, tube and limb rose-red beneath, obovate- 
oblong lobes of the latter paler above, throat deep-red, Stamens 
included ; anthers sessile or with very short filaments, sagittate, 
adhering to the oblong stigma. Ovaries two, uniting above in 
the erect filiform style. 



Fig. 1. Reduced figure of entire plant, showing the gouty stem or caudex. 
2. Lower part of corolla-tube laid open, showing the anthers. 3. Pistil : — 
magnified. 



5544, 




"W: Fitch, del. ethth 



"Vincent Brooks Jmp- 



Tab. 5544. 

ABRONIA FRAGRANS. 

Fragrant Abronia. 

Nat. Ord. Nyctagine.e. — Pentandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 2379.) 



Abronia fragrant ; folits crassiusculis ovatis v. oblongo-ovatis obtusis basi 
interdum in petiolum breviter angustatis simian's v. lobato-simiatis pilosubs 
glabratisve, involucri foliolis late ovato-rotmidatis breviter _ apicidatis sub- 
membranaceis, perianthii limbo albo, lobis obovato-rotundatis bifidis, fructi- 
bus 5-alatis. 

Abronia fragrans. Nuttall in Herb. Hook.; Kew Journ. Bot. v. 5. (1853), 261 ; 
Torrey and Gray in Botany of Gunnison s Railroad Expedition, p. 14 (123), 
tab. x. 



Notwithstanding the publication of an excellent engraving ol 
this plant in the Report of the Botany of the American Survey, 
referred to above, it would appear to be hitherto undescnbed. 
In habit it much resembles Abronia mellifera, figured in this 
Magazine (Tab. 2879), differing in the form of the involucral 
leaves, and the size, colour, and lobing of the perianth. It is the 
finest species of the small genus to which it belongs, and may 
be regarded as a valuable addition to our garden flora. Geyer 
who collected specimens on the " loamy, sandy, firm banks ot 
the Platte river, describes the flowers as " porcelain-coloured, 
opening onlv at night and very fragrant." It is to the sandhills 
of this tributary of the Missouri and the eastern flank ot tlie 
Rocky Mountains, between 40° and 45° north latitude, that 
the species appears to be confined. We are indebted to Mr 
Thompson, of Ipswich, for the specimen here figured, the first 
probably which has been flowered in England. 

Descr. Stem procumbent, spreading, throwing up numerous 
ascending, succulent, slightly hairy or glabrate, terete nowering- 
branches. Leaves opposite, slightly unequal, ovate or oblong- 
ovate, often a little oblique, obtuse, sinuate, obscurely lobecl or 
nearly entire, fleshy, glabrous or sparsely pubescent, with obscure 
venation, one and a half to two inches long, three-quarters to 
one inch broad, on petioles of one inch or less. Peduncles axil- 

KOVEMBEB 1ST, 1865. 



lary, solitary, ascending, two to five inches long, pubescent or 
puberulous. Umbel dense, many-flowered, two to three inches in 
diameter ; involucral scales somewhat membranous, broadly ovate- 
rotundate, shortly pointed, glabrous or nearly so, one-third or 
one-half the length of the flowers. Perianth hypocrateriform, tube 
dilated and deeply quinque-sulcate at the base around the ovary, 
straight above, about one inch long, greenish-white, minutely 
glandular, limb spreading, «' porcelain-white," deeply five-lobed, 
lobes broadly obovate-rotundate, obtusely bifid. Stamens un- 
equal included ; filaments apparently adhering more or less to 
the perianth though easily separable, filiform ; anthers oblong 
subacute. Ovary oblique glabrous; style filiform, slightly 
thickened above and laterally stigmatose. Fruit (according to 
the figure of Messrs. Torrey and Gray) obovoid in circumscrip- 
tion with five rounded wings. 



Fig. 1. Perianth. 2. Persistent base of perianth surrounding the ovary. 3. 
1 enanth-tube laid open. 4. Stamens, showing their insertion. 5. Ovary :— 
2-5, magnified. 



5545. 




"W .Etch, del.et M.. 



"Vincent 3roaks,Irop 



Tab. 5545. 
BEGONIA Pearcei. 

Mr. Pearces Begonia. 



Nat. Ord. BEGONIACEiE. — Mon(ecia Polyandria. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4131.) 



Begonia Pearcei (§ Huszia, §§ Paucipetalas, A. De Cand.); caule herbaceo 
erecto folioso pubescente, foliis palmatim plurinerviis oblique ovatis acumi- 
natis basi cordatis iiTeguIariter crenato-serratis, petiolis lamina brevioribus, 
stipulis ovatis ciliatis, pedunculis folio longioribus bifloris, bracteis ovatis 
rotundatisve ciliatis, floribus flavis ; fl. masc. sepalis 2 amplis rotundatis 
petalis 2 obovatis vix brevioribus,/. foam, lobis 5 obovatis obtusis, ovario 
pubescente trialato. 



A very beautiful species, nearly allied in botanical characters 
to B. cinnabarina (Bot. Mag. 4483), introduced from La Paz by 
Messrs. Veitch, where it was obtained by Mr. Pearce, whose 
name well deserves to be associated with it. The foliage is very 
pretty, the leaves being of a dark velvet-green above, dull-red 
traversed by pale-green nerves beneath, and in agreeable contrast 
with the rather large, bright-yellow, overtopping flowers. 

Descr. Stem succulent, pubescent, leafy. Leaves obliquely 
ovate, acuminate, cordate at the base, irregularly crenate-serrate, 
on petioles of about half their length, dark velvet-green and 
nearly glabrous above, dull red beneath excepting the nervines. 
Peduncles erect, two-flowered, exceeding the leaves. Bracts ro- 
tundate or elliptical, entire, pubescent or ciliate. Bowers yellow, 
about an inch to an inch and a quarter across ; malefl. perianth 
quadripartite, two outer segments ample, rotundate, two inner 
rather smaller, about equal in length to the outer ; female fl. with 
a quinquepartite perianth, lobes obovate-oblong, obtuse. Stamens 
indefinite, free ; filaments filiform ; anthers obovate, obtuse, two- 
celled. Ovary three-winged, three-celled, with indefinite ovules 
on each side of the forked placentas ; styles spirally stigmatose ; 
capsule not seen. 



Kg. 1. Stamen. 2. Ovary and styles. 3. Transverse section of an ovary :— 
Magnified. 



NOVEMBER 1ST, \865. 




-tfrcentBrooMtaP- 



Tab. 5546. 

PALUMBINA Candida. 
White-flowered Palumbina. 



Nat. Ord. Orchid em. — Gynandria Monandria. 

Gen. Char. Sepalum dorsale oblongum, subacutum, sepalura inferius sequale. 
Petala oblonga, subacuta. Labellum subaequale. Columna craasa ; androclimum 
obliquum, apiculatum, rostello quinquelobulo seu pnerupto medio unilobulato ; 
ate merabrauaceae, retusae, denticulate, juxta foveam circularem. Tabula stigrna- 
tica obliqua, prona, increscens super labelli basin. Caudicula polliats utnusque 
caudicute tertise communi inserta. Rchb.fil. 



Palumbina Candida; pseudobalbia ligolatis compressis mcmophyllis (? aut 
diphyllis), foliis cuneato-ligulatis, racemis erectis gracilibus nexuosis bren- 
oribus. 

Palumbina Candida. Rchb. fil. Walp. Ami. v. 4. n. 699 et in Gard. Ohron. 1865 
(new plan to 311), cum xylo. 

Oncidium candidum. Lindl. Rot. Reg. v. 29, 1843, Misc. 76. 

Oncidium? candidum. Lindl. Folia, n. 53. 



A pretty and interesting plant, originally flowered some 
twenty years ago by the Messrs. Loddiges, when it was doubt- 
fully referred to Oncidium by our great English orchidist-now, 
alas, no more ! Since then the plant has appeared in the collec- 
tion of Consul Schiller, when the examination of more perfect 
specimens satisfied Professor Reichenbach that it was a truly 
distinct form, to which he applied the generic name ***»»' 
Una. It was introduced from Mexico by Hartweg, while in the 
service of the London Horticultural Society, but was probably 
lost through having been kept too warm. In a moderate tern- 
perature it is easily grown, blooming during the summer months 
and lasting long in beauty. The figure was derived from a 
very fine specimen exhibited in June last at South Kensington by 
Mr Day. It has also flowered in the Royal Gardens at Kew 

Descr. A small plant with narrow compressed P*™™f™> 
each bearing a single linear or slightly wedge-shaped leaf from 
six inches to a foot long. Baeemes few-flowered, erect, slender, 



DECEMBER 1ST, 1865. 



appearing with the young growth, of a dark-purplish colour, 
somewhat rlexuose, longer than the leaves. Flowers about an 
inch across of a firm texture, all but entirely white. Upper sepal 
oblong subacute, lower sepals coalescing into one of the same 
size as the upper. Petals oblong, subacute. Lip about the 
same size as — or in some varieties larger than — the petals, with 
a few small reddish spots on a yellow ground on the stigmatic 
surface at its base. Coin am connate with the lip, short and 
thick, furnished with jagged spreading membranous wings. 
Pollen-masses oblong, provided with a double caudicula. — /. B. 



Fig. 1. Profile of the lip and column. 2. Lip seen in front. 3. Pollen- 
masses : — magnified. 



5547. 




"Oiteh.dd.et Mi. 



incentBrooks,Jmp- 



Tab. 5547. 
THIBAUDIA Jessica. 

The Honourable Mrs. John Batman's Thihaudia. 



Nat. Od. Vaccimace^. — Decandria Monogynia, 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 4303.) 



Ihibaudia Jessicce ; glaberrima, foliis membranaceis ovatis ovato-lanceola- 
tisque caudato-acurainatis basi rotundatis integerrimis subquintuplinerviis 
reticulatim venosis, racerais brevibus solitariis foliis multo brevioribus, pe- 
(Utuculis pedicellisque brevibus crassis, floribus aruplis, calycis dentibus latis 
obtusis, corolla oblongo-cylindracea, pallide rubra, filamentis brevibus 
crassis, antherarum rostro loculo breviore. 



For this superb plant we are indebted to James Bateman, 
Esq., a most successful cultivator of the genus, who flowered it 
in September of the present year, and at whose desire it bears 
the name of a lady who was an ardent admirer of the genus ; of 
its precise habitat we are uncertain, but believe it to be the moun- 
tains of Caraccas, the plants having been procured from Mr. 
Linden's celebrated establishment at Brussels. It was sent 
under the name of T. macrophi/lla, H. B. K., a plant which differs 
remarkably in the long pedicels of the flowers, and according to 
specimens so named by Bentham (and collected in Humboldt's 
locality by Hartweg) in the very coriaceous leaves. The most 
decided characters by which the T. Jessica differs from its nearest 
allies are the very slender ultimate branches, singularly mem- 
branous texture of the very large leaves, large flowers, and short 
pedicels. It resembles a good deal a species in the Hookerian 
Herbarium collected by Professor Jameson on Pichincha, at an 
altitude of 8000 feet, and may be the same, but the leaves and 
flowers both appear to be very much larger. 

Descii. A glabrous shrub, with pendulous branches. Leaves 
a span to ten inches long, shortly petioled, ovate or ovate-lanceo- 
late, rounded at the base, narrowed into a long acuminate apex, 
quite entire, membranous, with five more prominent nerves and 
numerous reticulating lesser ones. Flowers ten to twelve, in short, 

DECEMBER 1 ST, 1865. 



solitary racemes ; peduncle very short and stout ; pedicels also short, 
usually shorter than the calyx, red ; bracts minute. Calyx-tube 
hemispherical, lobes short, obtuse. Corolla two-thirds of an 
inch long, between oblong and cylindric, more inflated below, 
smooth and fleshy, pale red, mouth contracted with small short 
teeth. Filaments short and thick ; anthers short, linear-oblong, 
with a short straight terminal tube, beneath the insertion of which 
is a very short mucro. — /. D. H. 



Fig. 1. Ovary with two calyx-lobes removed, disk and style. 2 and 3. Sta- 
mens : — all magnified. 



5548. 




WIitch,deLetlith. 



TmcentBrooksJmp- 



Tab. 5548. 
CALCEOLARIA hyssopifolia, 

Hyssop-leaved Calceolaria. 



Nat. Ord. ScrophularineyE.— Diandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4929.) 



Calceolaria hyssopifolia ; fruticosa, subglabra, glutinosa, folus mfirms lineari- 
lanceolatis srepe serrulatis, superioribus linearibus integernmis margine revo- 
lutis basi angustatis glabris subtus albidis, panicula laxa slibcorymbosa, 
calycis viridis viscosi laciniis acuminatis, corollas glabra labio supenore 
concavo calycem fequante, inferiore maximo obovato-orbiculato basi parum 
contracto. Bentli. 

Calceolaria hyssopifolia. Eumb. B. et Kunth, Nov. Gen. et Sp. v. 2. p. 386. 
Bentli. in DC. Prod. v. 10. p. 222. 



For the introduction of this fine shrubby and hardy Calceo- 
laria we are indebted to Isaac Anderson Henry, Esq., F.L.S., ot 
Hay Lodge, Trinity, Edinburgh, who received the seeds from 
Professor Jameson, of Quito, and flowered the plant in the open 
air in August of the present year. The species is a native of the 
Quitenian Andes at elevations of 10-11,000 feet. 

Descr. A twiggy shrub two to four feet high, nearly glabrous 
throughout. Leaves almost fascicled in the short axillary branch- 
lets, one and a half to two and a half inches long, upper linear or 
linear-oblong or oblong-lanceolate, more or less serrulate with 
revolute margins, white beneath, corymbs many-flowered. Calyx- 
tube green, viscid, broadly tringular-ovate acuminate segments 
red at the apex. Corolla pale sulphur- colour, upper lip as long 
as or longer than the calyx, tumid; lower very large obovate- 
orbicular, crenulate round the circumference, closed by the upper. 



Fi^. 1. Calyx and ovary ■.— magnified. 



DECEMBER 1ST, 1865. 



5549. 




WTitah.del.etlith. 



"Vincent Brooks, Imp 



Tab. 5549. 

PALAFOXIA Hookeriana. 

Sir W. Hooker s Palafoxia. 



Nat. Ord. Composite: EupatoriacejE. — Sykgenesia Superflua. 



Gen. Char. Capitala pluriflora. Involucrum oblongum v. campanulatum ; 
squamis 8-15, in fructu ssepe stellatim patentibus. Beceptaculum^ nudum. 
Acheenia angulata, exteriora squamis involuta. Styli rami elongati, obtusi, 
semiteretes, subhispidi. Pappus paleis 8-12 scariosis 1-nerviis pinnato-striatis 
siccis 1-serialibus alternis brevioribus v. 2-seriatis exterioribus breviovibus con- 
stans. — Frutices v. herbaa Americana-, hahitu Stcvias referentes. Folia inferiora 
opposita et superiora alterna indivisa. Capitula laxe corymbosa. Corolla? alba 
carnece v. purpurea;. De Cand. 



Palafoxia Hookeriana; herbacea, foliis lauceolatis 1-3-nerviis, involucn 
squamis 12 v. pluribus gland ulosis 2-seriatis exterioribus lanceolatis, interio- 
ribus obovato-lanceolatis oblongisve, radiis 8-10 exsertis late cuneatis 3- 
partitis, fl. disci corollas limbo infra medium 4-lobo, pappo squamis 6-8 
lanceolato-acuminatis achsenium pilosum sequantibus, disci pappo squamis 
brevissimis obtusis rigidis, achaenio fere glabro. 

Palafoxia Hookeriana. Torr. et Gray, FL N. Am. v. 11. p. 368. 

Palafoxia Texana. Rook. Ic. PI. t. 148. non De Cand. 



A charming addition to our hardy herbaceous plants, described 
by the author of the species as the most showy species of the 
genus. It first flowered in the Royal Gardens in 1863, from 
seeds sent by Dr. Parrv from New Mexico, and we have more 
recently received it from Mr. Thompson, of Ipswich, one ot the 
most successful raisers of American and other herbaceous plants. 
It is also a native of Texas and Arkansas. 

Descr. A herb two to four feet high, glabrous below, above 
hispid and glandular. Leaves alternate, two to three inches long, 
petioled, lanceolate, acute, three-nerved, quite entire Corymbs 
of many heads which are one inch across or more, either pale or 
bright rose-red. Involucral scales twelve or more, green with 
red tips. Ray corollas broadly cuneate, deeply three-lobed, disk 

DECEMBER 1ST, 1865. 



ones tubular, with a broad limb five-cleft to the middle. Achenes 
of the ray nearly glabrous, of the disk hairy. Pappus of the disk 
of six to "eight narrow-lanceolate acuminate scales ; of the ray, of 
as many very short obovate obtuse scales. 



Fig. 1. Ray flower. 2. Disk flower. 3. Pappus scale of the latter .—all 
magnified. 



5550. 




TOiich.dfiLetMi. 



IfocenLBrooKfe*- 



Tab. 5550. 

TRICHOPILIA Turialvjs 

The Turialva TrichopUia. 



Nat. Ord. Orchlde.*;.— Gynandria Monandkia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4654.) 



Irichopilia Turialva; sepalis petalisque lineari-ligulatis acuminatis, labello 
cuneato flabellato trilobo, lobis lateralibus obtusatis dilatatis, lobo medio 
reniformi bilobo angustiori, carinis nullis, labelli uugue cum eolumna basi 
connate, androclinii cucullo bene fimbriate, lobis lateralibus paullo brevi- 
onbus, fovea basin versus angustiori, basi retusa, antherce carina humili 
loculis breviori. lichb.fil. 

Tmchopiua TurialvEE. Re fib. fil. in Otto Hamb. Gartens, v. 19, 1863, p. 11 
Gard. Chron. Aug. 19, 1BS5, p. 770. 



The true Trichopilias seem to be almost exclusively confined 
to that remarkable isthmus, so rich in Orchids, which connect 
the northern and southern portions of the vast American con- 
tinent. They are especially numerous on the mountain ranges 
of Veraguas, where, as its name implies, the present species 
was found on the slopes of the snow-capped Turialva.* Pro- 
fessor Reichenbach, by whom it was first described, thus speaks 
of the plant in the 'Gardeners' Chronicle' (Aug. 19, 1865, 
p- 770), "a species in the way T. albida, Wendl. fil. ; T. oico- 
phylax, Rchb. fil. ; and T. macdata, Rchb. fil. ; none of which 
can boast much beauty. The erect fimbriate membrane surround- 
ing the anther reminds one of an old-fashioned, stiff, erect, lady's 
collar. The flower is yellowish- white, the lip deeper yellow. It 
was discovered by Mr. Wendland, the son (or rather the grand- 
son, since he is already the third of the Wendlands), on the 
volcano Turialva, in Central America. Later it was also ob- 
served by a traveller named Sell." I would add that in its 
colouring and general appearance it is not unlike the T. pida of 
Lemaire. 

The species has flowered in several collections during the past 

* The name of the mountain (literally " white tower ") was given to it by the 
Spaniards to describe its remarkable appearance from the sea. 

DECEMBER 1ST, 1865. 



summer, and, judging from the specimens I have examined, seems 
to vary considerably in the size and tinting of its blossoms. Mr. 
Fitch's drawing was taken from a plant exhibited in July last at 
South Kensington by Mr. Williams, of the Paradise Nursery. 
Like the rest of the genus it is very easily managed, provided it 
be not kept too warm. The Trichopilias, however, can scarcely 
be reckoned amongst " cool " Orchids in the extreme sense of 
the term, requiring as they do, a temperature considerably higher 
than would suffice for many of the most popular Odontoglossa. 
— J. B. 



¥\S. 1. Column : — magnified. 




"W.Trtch.dd.etlith. 



Vincent Brooks, Imp- 



Tab. 5551. 

DIANELLA Tasmanica. 

Tasmanian Dianella. 



Nat. Ord. Liliace^. — Hexandeia Monogynia. 



Gen. Char. Perianthium 6-partitum, sequale, patens, deciduura. Stamina 6, 
filamentis curvis apice incrassatis glabris pubescentibus stuposisve ; antherse 
lineares, strictse, basifixaj. Ovarium 3-loculare ; stylus gracilis, stigmate simphci ; 
ovula plurima. Bacca globosa v. oblonga, 3-locularis, ldcuhs polyspermis. 
Semina ovoidea, testa atra splendente, umbilico nudo.— Herbae rigid*, perennes ; 
rhizomate repente ; radicibus fibrosis. Folia rigide coriacea, grammea, basi sem- 
vaginantia. Flores nutantes, paniculati, albi v. carulei, pedicellis apice articulatis 
basi bractea unilaterali stipatis. Baccse carulem. FL Tasman. 



Dianella Tasmanica ; 4-5-pedalis, foliis radicalibus longeet late ensiformibus, 
mar<nnibus revolutis carinaque prominula serrulat is, pamcula decomposite 
ramosa, pedunculis subfasciculatis pedicellisque cums, anthens parvis fila- 
mentorum parte incrassata brevioribus, baccis late oblongis subglobosisve. 

Dianella Tasmanica. Hook.f. II. Tasman. v. %.p. 57. t. 133 A. 



A handsome Tasmanian greenhouse ulant, of wlAi the great 
beauty consists in the abundance of its bright blue berries, which 
hano- for many weeks on the hair-like pedicels, and form a con- 
spicuous ornament in a conservatory. It was raised from seeds 
sent from Tasmania by our valued correspondent William Archer, 

^Descr.' A large rigid grassy-leaved plant, sometimes attain- 
ing five feet in height. Leaves three to four feet long broadly 
ensiform, with revolute margins, armed with spmular teeth 
that cut the hand if the 'eaves be incautiously grasped. Pa- 
nicies large, lax, decompoundly branched vert many-flowered^ 
Mowera drooping, pale-blue, about a half to Ihree- quarters of 
an inch in diameter. Perianth segments oblong, reflexed. 
Stamens short, filaments very thick, almost cyhndnc, glabrous, 

DECEMBER 1ST, 1865. 



with a very short stipes ; anther small, much shorter than the 
filaments. Berries broadly oblong, deep-blue, half to three- 
quarters of an inch long. 



Fig. 1. Portion of flowering panicle, — ,ntural size. 2. Flower, — magnified. 
S. Portion of panicle, fruiting. 4. Longitudinal, and, 5. Transverse section of 
berry, — natural size. 6. Seed, — magnified. 



INDEX, 

In which the Latin Names of the Plants contained in the 
Twenty-first Volume of the Third Series (or Ninety-first 
Volume of the Work) are alphabetically arranged. 



flate. 


Hate. 


5544 Abronia fragrans. 


5534 


5516 Acanthus raontanus. 


5519 


5501 Acropera Armeniaca. 


5532 


5493 Agave Saundersii. 


5511 


5500 Aglaonema marantaefolium ; var. 


5541 


foliis mateulatis. 


5499 


5497 Alocasia Lowii ; var. picta. 


5498 


5531 Alstroemeria densiflora. 


5533 


5518 Anemone (Hepatica) angulosa. 


5529 


5496 Arisa?ma papillosum. 


5486 


5507 Arisrema Wightii. 


5495 


5509 Arum Palaestinum. 


5521 


5503 Astelia Solandri, <J . 


5505 


5512 Aucuba Japonica. 


5539 


5545 Begonia Pearcei. 




5524 Bertolonia guttata. 


5 506 


5502 Billbergia olens. 


5492 


5542 Calathea tubispatha. 


5543 


5535 Calathea Veitchiana. 


5549 


5548 Calceolaria hyssopifolia. 


5546 


5504 Cattleya quadricolor. 


5523 


5494 Coelogyne fuscescens, var. brun- 


5530 


nea. 


5527 


5513 Cypripedium concolor. 


5528 


5508 Cypripedium laevigatum. 


5489 


5515 Dendrobium hedyosmum. 


5526 


5540 Dendrobium Johannis. 


5517 


5488 Dendrobium Parishii. 


5510 


5520 Dendrobium senile. 




5537 Dendrobium Tattonianum. 


5525' 


5551 Dianella Tasmanica. 




5536 Dianthus Chinensis, var. laci- 


5538 


niatus. 


i 5490 


5487 Dombeya Burgessia?. 


5547 


5522 Drimia altissima. 


5550 


5491 Epidendrum dichromum, var. 
amabile. 


j 5 514 



Euphorbia Monteiri. 
Fourcroya longasva. 
Hsemanthus incarnatus. 
Hypoestes sanguinolenta. 
Tonopsis paniculata. 
Iresine Herbstii. 
Lselia prsestans. 
Lankesteria Barteri. 
Liparis atropurpurea. 
Lissochilus Horsfallii. 
Manettia micans. 
Marianthus Drummondianus. 
Masdevallia Tovarensis. 
Mesembryanthemum acinaci- 

forme. 
Monochsetum dichranantherum. 
Morenia fragrans. 
Pachypodium succulentum. 
Palafoxia Hookeriana. 
Palumbina Candida. 
Phalsenopsis Liiddemanniana. 
Phalamopsis Scbilleriana. 
Phalsenopsis Sumatrana. 
Primula cortusoides; var.amoena. 
Proustia pyrifolia. 
Psammisia longicolla. 
Railliardia eiliolata. 
Baphiolepis Japonica, Sieb. et 

Zucc ; var. integerrima. 
Scutellaria aurata; var. sul- 

pburea. 
Stachvtarpheta bicolor. 
Swainsonia occidentalis. 
Thibaudia Jessica?. 
Trichopilia Turialvse. 
Vellosia Candida. 



INDEX, 

in which the English Names of the Plants contained in the 
Twenty-first Volume of the Third Series (or Ninety-first 
Volume of the Work) are alphabetically arranged. 



Plate. 

5544 Abronia, fragrant. 

5516 Acanthus, African mountain. 
5501 Acropera, apricot-coloured. 

5493 Agave, Mr. Saunders's. 

5500 Aglaonema,Maranta-leaved; var. 

with variegated leaves. 
5497 Alocasia, Mr. Low's; variegated 

variety. 

5531 Alstroemeria, dense-flowered. 
5496 Ariscema, papillose. 

5507 Ariseema, Dr. Wight's. 

5509 Arum, Jerusalem. 

5503 Astelia, Dr. Solander's, <$ . 
5512 Aucuba, Japanese. 

5538 Bastard- Vervain, two-coloured. 

5545 Begonia, Mr. Pearce's. 
5524 Bertolonia, spotted-leaved. 
5502 Billbergia, putrid-smelling. 
5542 Calathea, tubular-spat hed. 
5535 Calathea, Mr. Veitch's. 
5548 Calceolaria, Hyssop-leaved. 

5504 Cattleya, four-coloured. 

5494 Ccelogyne, reddish-brown. 
5537 Dendrobe, Lord Egerton of 

Tatton's. 
5540 Dendrobe, Mr. John G. Veitch's. 
5488 Dendrobium, Mr. Parish's. 
5515 Dendrobium, sweet-scented. 
5520 Dendrobium, white-haired. 
5551 Dianella, Tasmanian. 
5487 Dombeya, Miss Burgess's. 
5522 Drimia, lofty. 
5491 Epidendrum, beautiful variety of 

the two-coloured. 
5534 Euphorbia, Mr. Monteiro's. 

5539 Fig-Marigold, scimitar-leaved. 
5519 Fourcroya, long-enduring. 

5532 Hsemanthus, flesh-coloured. 



Plate. 

5518 Hepatica, angle-leaved. 

5511 Hypcestes, blood-veined. 

5541 Ionopsis, panicled. 

5499 Iresine, Mr. Herbst's. 

5508 Lady's-slipper, glossy-leaved. 

5513 Lady's-slipper, self-coloured. 
5498 Lselia, admirable. 

5533 Lankesteria, Mr. Barter's. 

5529 Liparis, dark-purple-flowered. 
5486 Lissochilus, Mr. Horsfall's. 
5495 Manettia, showy. 

5521 Marianthus, Drummond's. 

5505 Masdevallia, the Tovar. 

5506 Monochajtum', dicranantherous. 
5492^ Morenia. fragrant. 

5543 Pachypodium, succulent. 

5549 Palafoxia, Sir W. Hooker's. 

5546 Palumbina, white-flowered. 
5523 Phalsenopsis, M. Liiddemann's. 

5530 Phalsenopsis, Schiller's. 

5527 Phahenopsis, Sumatra. 

5536 Pink, Indian; var. with deeply- 
cut petals. 

5528 Primrose, Cortusa-leaved ; deep- 

coloured variety. 

5489 Proustia, pear-leaved. 
5526 Psammisia, long-necked. 
5517 Eailliarda, ciliate-leaved. 

5510 Raphiolepis, Japanese, entire- 
leaved variety. 

5525 Scutellaria, golden; sulphur- 
flowered variety. 

5490 Swainsonia, western. 

5547 Thibaudia, the Honourable Mrs. 

John Bateman's. 

5550 Trichopilia, the Turialva. 

5514 Vellosia, pure-white.