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Full text of "Curtis's botanical magazine."

CURTIS'S 

BOTANICAL MAGAZINE, 






COMPRISING THE 



plants ot tfte &opal #artims of Heto 

AND 

OF OTHER BOTANICAL ESTABLISHMENTS IN GREAT BRITAIN; 
WITH SUITABLE DESCRIPTIONS; 

BY 

JOSEPH DALTON HOOKEK, M.D., F.R.S. L.S. & G.S, 

I.. OXOW, u,.n. CANTAB., CORRESPONBEST or THF, IXXTITItK Of PRANCE. 

VOL. XXIV. 

OF THE THIRD SERIES; 
(Or VoI.XCIV. of the Whole Wort. 




mg&w 



1 Gems of the changing autu;:;: . :'ul ye :ire ! 

Shining from your flossy stems like many a golden .-tar ; 
Peeping through the long gn n the down, 

Lighting up the dusky hank, just where the sun goet do* 

CmmpMI. 



LONDON: 
EEVE & CO., :,. HENIUETTA STREET, COVENT GAPDEX. 

18f>S. 
Mo. 



ITilN'TED RT TATl.OR AND CO., 

m*w Qiwnr mwr, wbdyflitoiBn 



PROFESSOR HEINRICH GUSTAV REICHENBACH, 

director of the hamburg botanic gardens. 

My dear Dr. Reichenbach, — 

The Authors of the ' Botanical Magazine ' have long 
enjoyed the privilege of dedicating its successive Volumes to 
individuals who have signally contributed to the progress of 
the Botany and Horticulture of these Islands ; and amongst 
these there are few, within late years, who have been so pro- 
minent as yourself. 

In dedicating this Volume, therefore, to you, I am recording, 
on the one hand, the obligations of British Orchid-growers, who 
have profited so largely by the prompt and generous aid you 
have granted them in naming their plants ; and, on the other, 
of Scientific Botanists, who recognize in your efforts a scrupulous 
regard to the requirements of a scientific system of nomenclature. 

I am. 

My dear Dr. Reicltenbach, 

Most faithfully yours, 

J. D. HOOKER. 
Royal Gardens, Kew, 

December 1, 18<>8. 



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Tab. 5683. 

CATTLEYA amethystoglossa. 
Amethyst-lipped Cattleija. 

Nat. Oil. OECIIIDEiE.— aTNANDKIA MuXANOltl.Y. 

Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 5449.) 



Cattleya amethystoglossa; caulibus elatis teretibus Biiperne sensim in- 
cratyato mferne sulcatis, foliia 2-nis oblongo-lanceofatis obtusis 5-8- 
polhcanbus, scapo valido erecto multifloro, pedunculis validis adscen- 
dentibua, sepalis petalisque obtusis albis roseo-suffusis et purpureo- 

maculatis, sepalo superiore oblongo- v. lineari-oblongo lateralibus 
lationbus subfalcatis, petalia obovato-oblongis, labello profunda 3-lobo, 
Jobis lateralibus erectis, iutermedio late obcordato-2-lobo roseo-vio- 
laceo, lobis patentibus corrugatia et papillosia. 

Cattleta amethystoglossa. Linden et Rehb.fil. Oat. Plant. Exot. 1857 
p. 26. Warner, Select. Orchid. Plant, pt. 1. t. 2. 

Epidekdbow amethystoglosaum. Rehb.fil. in Walp. Ann. v. 6. p. 819. 



There is little to add to the excellent description and 
figure of this magnificent plant given by Mr. Warner in his 
'Select Orchidaceous Plants,' published in 1862. As he 
truly observes, the species is allied to C. granulosa (Tab. 
nostr. 5048) and C. guttata (Tab. nostr. 3693), but is very 
distinct from both. It is, no doubt, a native of Brazil, but 
its exact locality is not known, and there are no specimens 
of it either in Dr. Lindley's or the Hookerian Herbarium. 
Mr. Warner describes it as flowering in May and June ; but 
the plant with us blossomed in February of the past year. 

Descr. Rhizome woody, creeping. Stems (pseudobulbs) 
two to three feet high, strict, stout, erect, gradually thickened 
upwards, deeply grooved; upper joints sheathed. Leaves six 
to eight inches long, two to two and a half inches broad, 
linear-oblong, obtuse, very coriaceous, deep green. Scape 
stout, erect, two to four inches high, sheathed at the base. 
Flowers forming an erect, somewhat candelabrum-like corymb, 
large and showy. Peduncles stout, ascending, one to two 

■I AN I' AIM 1st l v ()'■.. 



inches long, gradually thickening into the long, slender 
ovary. Perianth white, suffused with rose-purple, four inches 
in diameter. Upper sepal erect, linear-oblong, obtuse, covered 
with transversely oblong purple blotches; lateral sepals 
broader, deflexed, subfalcate, similarly coloured, but with 
larger blotches. Petals broadly obovate, rounded at the 
apex, their purple blotches large and often confluent Lip 
short; lateral lobes erect, with spreading apices; middle 
expanded, broader than long, very broadly obcordate or two- 
lobed, the lobes deep violet-purple, with raised radiating cor- 
rugated papillose ridges. — J, 1). H. 



Fig. 1. Column. 2. Lip :r— both magnified. 





5684. 



r^ 



f* 



^^M, m 



1 



f ^ ; 





T 
| 



Tab. 5684 
COTYLEDON velutina. 

Velvety-leaved Cotyledon. 



Nat. Ord. Cbassttlace^. — Decandria Pentaoynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 5602.) 



Cotyledon velutina; ramulis foliisque junioribus velutino-pubescentibus, 
caule erecto tercti, folds oppositis obovato- v. subpaiidurato-oblongis 
obtusis mtegerrimis basi cordato-amplexicaulibus crassis enerviis viri- 
dibus marginibus apices versus brunneis, panieulae corymbose rami's 
subbonzoiitalibiis, floribus magnis pendulis pedicellatis, calycis lobis 
ovato-triangularibus corollse tubo pallide virescente multo brevioribus, 
corollas lobis lineari-oblongis subacutis patentibus flavis purpureo- 
marginatis, filamentis basi dilatatis. 



This is another of the noble South African plants intro- 
duced by W. W. Saunders, F.R.S., of Reigate, through his 
energetic collector, Mr. Cooper, and liberally presented, in 
1858, to the Royal Gardens, where it is, when in flower, a 
great ornament to the Succulent House. As a species, it 
approaches, firstly, C. cuneata, Thunb., in the form of the 
leaves, differing, however, in their being semiamplexicaul at 
the base, and in not being hispid ; and secondly, C. tomentosa, 
Harv., which is a slender, more densely pubescent plant, 
with subpetioled leaves. 

The genus Cotyledon contains upwards of twenty Cape 
species, described in Harvey and Sonder's ' Flora Capensis ;' 
and that this number must foil far short of the total South 
African species, is evident from this being the second that 
has flowered since the publication of those descriptions 
(1862), and been figured in the 'Botanical Magazine ' (see 
Tab. 5602). Amongst the species are some with the most 
beautifully-coloured foliage, and others with very handsome 
flowers, and which, together with the facility with which 
they are cultivated in dwelling-houses or small greenhouses, 
if even of indifferent construction, rondos thorn well adapted 
for supplying the horticultural requirements of the less 
JANUARY 1st, 1868. 



wealthy and even the poorer classes who inhabit the out- 
skirts of our great towns. A distribution of Buch succulent 
plants as these, would give far more enduring pleasure to 
the poorer classes, than the Geraniums and Verbenas of the 
parks, given away at the end of the season, when it is almost 
impossible to keep them alive without heat and glass, and 
quite impossible to flower them. 

Descr. A stout, succulent perennial, two to three feel 
high, with rather glaucous, terete stem and scape, and dark- 
green foliage; ymng leave* and shoots covered with a fine 
velvety pubescence. Leaves opposite, rather crowded, decus- 
sate, three to five inches long, oblong-obovate or subpandu- 
ritorm, obtuse, cordate and semiamplexicaul at the base \ 
thick quite smooth, even, nerveless; nun-ins quite entire 
edged with brown towards the tip. Scape erect, strut. 
Panicle subcorymbose, flat-headed, branched, open; branch- 
lets nearly horizontal. Flowers pedicelled, pendulous Calvx 
broad green with short, deltoid teeth. Corolla-tub one 
inch long pale green below, yellow above; lobes as long as 
the tube, ineai-oblong, subacute, spreading, bright yeUow 
with purple margins Stamens exserted) fikSnenl ver^ 
broad at the base; anthers striate. Squamulce connate shoi4 
spreading. Styles filiform.— J. I). II. ' ' 



Kg 1 Lobes of corolla and stamen. 2. Stamen. ?,. Ovan—all 
magnified. • ' 



5685 




Tab. 5G85. 

VITIS PLANICAULIS. 

Flat-stemmed Vine. 



Nat. Orel. Ampelide^;. — Teteandbia Monogtnia. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 5682.) 



\ raia planicaulis ; glaberrima, caule alte scandente lignoso plano-coin- 
presso, ramulis teretibus, foliis longe petiolatis digitatim 5-foliolatis, 
foliolis petiolulatis oblongo-lanceolatis obtuse acuminatis subdistauter 
serratis basi obtusis, cirrhis robustis simplicibus, cymis breviuscule 
pedunculatis subcorymbosis ramosis ramis divaricatis, floribus abortu 
unisexualibus robuste pedicellatis 4-meris, cahcis margine integerrimo, 
alubastris urceolatis, petalis demum patentibua caducis late ovato- 
triangularibus obtusis, disco inconspicuo, ovario late conico, stigmatis 
lobjs 4 rotundatis patentibus, bacca majuscula globosa, seminibus cor- 
difbrmibus dorso medio sulcatis lateribus transverse corrugatis, an- 
tice medio carinatis. 



This is one of those carious tropical forms of the genus 
Fitis that form enormous lianas in the forests of the torrid 
zone, and attract the attention of every traveller by their 
remarkable characters ; in the present plant it is the struc- 
ture of the stem and its enormous size that form its most 
conspicuous features. These stems may be seen in the 
forests, at the base of the central Himalayan provinces, de- 
scending from the overhanging limbs of gigantic forest trees, 
in the form of flat, lithe bands, as much as eighteen inches 
in breadth, and not one inch in thickness, and of much the 
colour and pliability of those gutta-percha bands that are 
used for the driving-machinery of our manufactories. This 
species was discovered in the Sikkim Himalaya by myself in 
1849, and the specimen here figured was derived from a 
plant whose seeds were sent home at that time, and which 
now climbs the rafters of the Succulent House at Kew. 
Specimens of the trunk may be seen in the Museum (No. 1). 
In the absence of the disk (or, more probably, its confluence 

ianuary 1st, 18G8. 



with the base of the ovary), this resembles the Ampelopsis 
section of the genus, but the tendrils are wholly different 

Descr. A perfectly glabrous, gigantic, climbing Vine 
Trunk, at the base, eighteen inches broad by one to one and 
a half inch in thickness, quite flattened, dark brown, swelling 
at the nodes, which occur at intervals; wood soft and spoi 
with large, open proper vessels. BrancKUfts and shoots quite 
terete. Leaves large, quinately digitate ; petioles three inches 
to a span long, terete; leaflets a span long, petiolulate, ob- 
long-lanceolate or linear-oblong, acuminate, with an obtnse 
point, rather distantly serrate, base rounded or obtuse sub- 
stance rather leathery, shining above with divergent veins 
lendnls long, stout, and simple. Cymes shorter than the 
petiole^ ; peduncles stout; branches subcorymbose, divaricat- 
mg. Flowers green, umbellulate ; pedicels stout, one-eighth 
to a quarter of an inch long. Calyx-limb entire Corolla 
urceolate m bud the four petals soon separating, spreading 
and deciduous. Stamens very minute and imperfect in the 
cultivated plant, whence the species is probably Bubdicecioua 
Vmry conical, with a sessile four-lobed radiating stigma, 
Fruit glabrous, as large as the thumb-nail, and two s.,,1,,1.— 
J. U. II. 



Fig. 1. Flower, — magnified. 



Tab. 5686. 

COBTJKGIA teiciiroma. 

Tricoloured Coburgia. 



Nat. Ord. AllABYLLIDEiE.— Hexaxdbia Mokogynia. 

Gen Char. Corolla infandibuliformis v. cyliudrica, superne ampliata, 
jauce dilatato, tubo incurvo, lobis imbricatis patentibus. Corona G-loba, 
lobis 2-iidis v. 2-dentatis, dentibua alternis brevibus 2-fidis alternis stami- 
niteris. Fdamenta vix connivcntia ; antherse breves. Ovarium 3-quetrum ; 
stylus rectus, stigmate capitellato v. obfcuso ; ovula 2-seriata. Capsula 
oblonga, 3-locularis, 3-valvis, polyspermy— Herbse, bulbo tunicato. Folia 
linearia, glauca. ^ Scapus compressus v. teretiusculus. Spatha 2-4-ph>/lla, 
mcmbranacea. Flores cernui v. penduli, coccinei rosei v. aurantiaci, satpe 
speciosi. r 



Cobubuia trichromat bulbo subgloboso, squamis externis brunneis, foliis 
2-pedalibus A-f- poll, latis carinatis obtusis pallide viridibus scapum 
subsequautibus, spathis oblongia obtusis pedicellos superantibus, flori- 
bus 4-pollicaribus pendulis, tubo basi gracili demum ampliato coccineo, 
lobis oblongo-lanccolatis tubo 4-ties brevioribus intus roseis extus 
dorso fascia viridi uotatis. 

Cobubgia trichroma. Herbert in Bot. Maq. t. 3SG7. Bot. Beg. 1842. 
Misc. p. 52. Kunth, Euum. v. 5. p. 617. 

Pancratium trichromuin. Lexarza et Be Llave, Nov. Teg. Descr. t. 20. 

Ciieysipiiialk trichroma. Schult. Syst. v. 7. p. 907. 



This magnificent plant was first introduced, in 1838, from 
rocky precipices in the Andes of Peru, by the late J. Maclean, 
Esq., of that city, and was figured in the ' Botanical Maga- 
zine thirty years ago, from a specimen that flowered at 
opofforth. That figure gives so little idea of its size and beauty 
that another figure, being absolutely required, is given here. 
The specimen from which it is taken flowered in the choice 
garden of our friend W. W. Saunders, F.R.S., at Reigate, 
to whom we are indebted for the drawing. Coburgia tri- 
chroma seems to be a much better known plant in American 
than in English gardens, for it was first described by Llave 
and Lexarza from specimens cultivated in Mexico. For the 
following description I am indebted to Mr. J. G. Baker :— 

JA2HJARX 1ST, 1868, 



Desck. Bulb subglobose or ovoid, two or three inches in 
diameter, the outer coats brown, membranous, truncate up- 
wards. Leaves five or six, contemporaneous with the flowers, 
eighteen to twenty-four inches long, half to three-quarters of 
an inch broad, quite a line thick, in the centre glaucous- 
green, the inner face curved, especially in the lower part, 
the keel faint, the veins quite immersed. Scape firm, erect, 
subterete, glaucous-green, quite naked, about equalling the 
leaves. Spathe four- to six-leaved, the leaves about two 
inches long, clasping tightly round the lower part of the 
flowers, quite hiding the ovaries and short pedicels. Flowers 
four to six, cernuous, about five inches long, the tube four 
inches, bright scarlet, not more than two lines in diameter 
below, expanding gradually upwards to the throat, the divi- 
sions ovate-lanceolate, subpatent, about an inch deep, the 
inner three narrower and more acute than the outer three, 
all with a green keel on the outside, and with green vertical 
marks bounding a paler central portion on the inside. Corona 
short, with a bifid tooth between each stamen. Stamens 
equalling, and style slightly exceeding the perianth. Capsule 
bluntly trigonous. — J. G. B. 



Fig. 1. Tube of corolla, corona, and stamens. 2. Transverse section of 
Ovary : — both magnified. 



5687 




Tab. 5687. 

Pig. 1. OPHELIA ALATA ; o. ANGUSTIFOLIA ; 
5. PANICULATA. 

Winged, Narrow-leaved, and Panicled Ophelia. 



.Nat. Ord. G-entiane.e. — Pextandiua Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 5397.) 



Ophelia alata ; caule tetraptero, foliis ovatis v. ovato-cordatis 3-5-nerviis, 
cymis subcontracts, calycis lobis lineari-lanceolatis, corolla 1-partita, 
lobis oblongis acuminatis sordide flavis rubro-purpureo-punctatis, 
fovea nectarifera raargine fimbriata. 

Ophelia alata. Griseb. Monog. Gent. p. 321 ; et in DC. Prodr. v. 9. p. 1 127. 

Agathotes alata. Don in Phil. Mag. 1836, p. 523. 



Ophelia angustifolia ; caule subtetragono, foliis lanceolatis lineari-lanceo- 
latisve acuminatis 3-nerviis, cymis laxifloris, fioribus gracile pedicel- 
latis, calycis lobis lineari-lauceolatis, corolla 1-partita, lobis oblongis 
acuminatis purpureis cseruleo-punctatis, fovea nectarifera orbiculata, 
margine superiore squamula instructo. 

Ophelia angustifolia. Don, I. c. p. 524. Griseb. in DC. Prodr. v. 9. p. 127. 

Swektia angustifolia. Don, Prodr. p. 127. Wall. PL As. Par. v. 3. t. 201. 



Osky.iak paniculata; caule tereti v. superne subangulato, ramis diffuais, 
foliis lineari-lanceolatis subpetiolatis 3-nerviis, raarginibus scaberulis, 
cymis contractis, calycis lobis lineari-lanceolatis, corolla? saepius 5-par- 
tita? lobis oblongo-lanceolatis acuminatis albis infra medium fascia 
violacea semilunari notatis, fovea nectarifera fere obliterata obscure 
marginata. 

Ophelia paniculata. Don, I. c. p. 525. Griseb. 1. c p. 121. 

Swebtia paniculata. Wall. PI. As. Bar. v. 3. t. 205. 



The arrival from Isaac Anderson Henry, Esq., F.L.S., oi 
Edinburgh, of a boxful of these charming and interesting 
plants, deserves all the publicity that the ' Botanical Maga- 
zine' can give. Unfortunately the coloured Plate cannot 

JANUARY 1ST, 1SG8. 



give the sparkling hues of their inflorescence, though it can 
their graceful habits and varied colours. They are all na- 
tives of the Himalaya and of its colder regions, though not 
attaining the alpine zone of vegetation. Several species 
inhabit the Nilghiri mountains, of which two, 0. corymbosa 
(Tab. nostr. 4489) and 0. umbellata (t. 5397), have flowered 
at Kew. Most, if not all, the species are annual, and have 
bitter roots, whence their popular use as febrifuges by the 
natives of India, under the names of Chirita, Chiryta, Chi- 
rayta, and Chirata, as it is indifferently spelt. 

0. alata has been found hitherto in the north-west Hima- 
laya only. 0. angustifolia, which inhabits a lower elevation 
than the others (2000-6000 feet), is found throughout the 
range ; it is a very variable plant, especially in the size and 
length of the calyx-lobes, which sometimes far exceed the 
corolla. 0. paniculata inhabits temperate regions, from 
Kumaon to Sikkim. 

Desck. The species may be most easily distinguished as 
follows : — 0. alata, by the four-winged stem and broad ovate 
or subcordate leaves, greenish-yellow corolla with red-purple 
spots, and nectary almost surrounded with a fimbriate ridge. 
0. angustifolia, by the more terete stem, narrow leaves, 
flowers on slender pedicels, four-parted corolla, whose lobes 
are purple and spotted with blue, and the nectary is orbi- 
cular with a tongue-shaped scale at its upper margin. 0. 
paniculata, by its obscurely angled stem, narrow leaves, and 
usually five-parted corolla, whose lobes are white, with a 
semilunar purple-violet band about the middle. — J. I). H. 



Fig. 1. O. data. 2. Corolla lobe,— magnified. 3. O. angustifolia. 4 
Corolla lobe, — magnified. 5. O. paniculata. 6. Corolla lobe, — magnified. 



5688. 




Tab. 5688. 

TRICHOCENTRUM albo-purpureum. 

Purple and white Trichocentrum. 



Nat. Ord. Orciiide.e. — GtTnandria Monandhia. 

Gen. Char. Perianihiwn patens, liberum, aequale. Lahellum sessile, cum 
basi columna connatum, planum, 2-lobum, basi lamellosum, calcaratum. 
Columna nana, semiteres, crasea, utrinque alata. Anthera 2-locnlaria, 
mutica. Pollinia 2, complicata; caudicula cuneata; glandula minuta.— 
Herba? epiphytical, Americana, acaules. Folia planiuscula. Flor&ipedun- 
culati, subsolitarii, radicates. 



Trichocentrum albo-purpureum ; foliis sessilibus oblongo-lanceolatis acu- 
minata pallide viridibus, labello subquadrato 2-lobo, lobis rotundatis 
albis basi utrinque plaga lata purpurea notatis, columna? alisbrevibus 
superue in cornua porrecta productis marginibus mtegerrimis, calcare 
brevi curvo. 

Tkichocentrum albo-purpureum. Beichenbach fil. in Gard. Chron. 1866, 
p. 219. 



Trichocentrum is a small genus of Vandea, allied to Bur- 
lingtonia and, like it, a native of South America, where the 
species are distributed from Peru and Brazil to Mexico ; but 
few are known, and amongst those in cultivation the present 
is by far the prettiest ; the only other figured in an English 
work is the sombre-coloured T.fuscum (Tab. nostr. 3969), 
from Mexico. t . 

T. albo-purpureum was introduced by M. Linden, it is be- 
lieved, from the Eio Negro, in North Brazil, according to 
Reichenbach in the 'Gardeners' Chronicle,' who gives au 
excellent woodcut representation of the flower, and who 
further states that two varieties of it are known, one with a 
narrow and the other with a very broad lip. The specimen 
here figured flowered with Mr. W. Saunders,_ F.RS., at Rei- 
gate; its sepals are more obtuse, and the lip a little nar- 
rower than in the figure of the ' Gardeners' Chronicle. 

Descr Stem 0, or very short ; ovoid pseudobulbs sending 

FERRUARY 1ST, 1868. 



down long, flat, aerial roots, that adhere firmly to the wood 
or cork on which the plant is growing. Leaves three inches 
long by one inch broad, sessile, oblong-lanceolate, acute, 
thick, bright green above, pale below. Peduncles, from the 
bases of the leaves, solitary, simple, one-flowered, one inch 
long, with two subopposite bracts at the apex ; pedicel short ; 
ovary slender. Perianth nearly two inches in diameter, spread- 
ing. Petals obovate-lanceolate, acuminate, of a fine maroon- 
brown on the inner surface, outer surface and tips greenish- 
yellow. Lip subquadrate, two-lobed at the apex, white, 
except at the subauricled base, where there are two large, 
bright purple spots ; basal ridges lobed. Column with short, 
entire, margined wings, produced above into subulate pro- 
jecting horns. Spur much shorter than the sepals, curved, 
stout.— J. & H. ' 



^ig. 1. Ovary, lip, spur, and column : — macjmfirJ. 



5689 




ieLetJitt 



yhicsmt Brooks Imp. 



Tab. 5689. 

BEGONIA SUTHERLANDI. 

Br. Sutherland' *s Begonia. 



Nat. Ord. Begoniace^i. — Moncecia Polyandria. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4131.) 



Begonia (Augustia) Sutherland! ; fere glaberrima, caule gracih ramoso 
rubro-purpureo, f'oliis gracile petiolatis oblique ovato-lanceolatis basi 
profunde cordato-2-lobis acuminatis lobulatis et inciso-serratis, costa 
nervis marginibusque rubris, stipulis oblongis serrulatis, cymis multi- 
floris, perianthii rubro-aurantiaci foliolis in fl. <$ 1, in fl. ? 4-5, , ex- 
terioribus rotundato-obovatis, interioribus angustioribus,_ stammibus 
receptaculo planiusculo insertis, antberis oblongis obtusis, stigmati- 
bus 3 2-lobis, ramis vix torfcis, placentis integris, capsula aubaequahter 
3-alata. 



Of the various pretty Begonias from South Africa figured 
in this Magazine (Tab. 3720, 3731, 4841, 5583), this is by 
far the most elegant, and will no doubt prove a great fa- 
vourite amongst horticulturists ; its graceful habit, the bril- 
liant vinous-red hue of its branches, petioles, and of the 
nerves and margins of the leaves, contrasting with the deli- 
cate green of the membranous translucent leaves and copious 
orange-red blossoms,— are all very marked and beautiful 
characters. It was discovered by Dr. Sutherland, Surveyor- 
General of Natal, in the western mountains of that colony, 
altitude 3500 feet, and is one of the many discoveries of 
that excellent contributor to the botany of South Africa. 
More recently it has been collected by the unfortunate Ger- 
rard, who lately perished whilst collecting in Madagascar, 
and by Mr. Cooper, who was sent out by Mr. W. Saunders, 
VMS. For the specimen here figured I am indebted to 
Messrs. Backhouse, of York, with whom it flowered m June, 
L867. .. , 

Dksck. Boot of small tubers. Stem one to two feet high, 
slender, graceful, and, as well as the branches, of a deep. 

FEBRUARY \*T, 1868. 



bright red-purple colour. Leaves on slender red petioles, 
two to three inches long ; Made four to six inches long, very 
obliquely ovate-lanceolate, deeply two-lobed at the base, the 
lobes rounded, margin lobed and acutely serrate, bright 
green above, with a few small scattered hairs, paler below, 
the nerves on both surfaces, as well as the margin, of a 
bright red colour. Stipules oblong, red, usually serrulate or 
erose. Cymes axillary and terminal, many-flowered ; pedun- 
cles and pedicels slender, red ; bracts opposite, obovate or orbi- 
cular, obtuse or acute, red, serrulate or quite entire. Flowers 
one inch in diameter, orange or pale coppery-red, varying to 
a dirty rose-red; male with four leaflets, of which the two 
outer are almost orbicular, the inner much narrower ; female 
with usually five leaflets, irregular in size. Stamens nume- 
rous, free, sessile on the receptacle ; anthers oblong, obtuse. 
Ovary three-celled, placentas entire ; stigmas three, with 
short arms. Capsule with three subequal wings. — J. I). II 



Fig. 1. Stamen. 2. Unripe capsule. 3. Transverse section of ditto :- 
magnified. 



690 




W. Filch 






Tab. 5690. 
HYPOXIS ELATA. 

Tall Ilypoxis. 



Nat. Ord. Hypoxide.e. — Hexandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Perianthii tubus cum ovario connatus, limbi G-partiti lobis 
paten tibus coloratis planis persistentibus. Stamina 6, disco epigyno in- 
serts, periantbii foliolia opposita ; anthers lineares v. oblongas, iutus debis- 
centes. Ovarium 3-loculare ; stylus liber, brevis v. elongatus, stigmatibus 3 
in columnam conicam connatis, ramis liberis ; ovula numerosa, 2-aeriata, 
ampbitropa. Caps/da 3-loeularis, evalvis, polysperma. — Herbse perennes, 
scepissime villosa, acaules v. caudice crasso vaginis foliorum vetustorum ob- 
tecto. Folia tristicha, linearia v. lanceolata, basi vatjinantia. Flores in 
spicas cymas v. paniculas pauci-multifloras dispositi,flavi. 



Hrpoxis elata; elata, robusta, sericeo-villoaa, foliia perplurimis revolutia 
2-pedalibua lanceolato-enaifonnibua costatis aubtua dense lanuginoaia, 
Bcapo foliis breviore nutante multifloro, floribua »mplis raceraoeis, 
bracteia filiformibns, perianthii t'oliolis auieis dorso medio griaeia et 
lanuginosis, antheria oblbngo-aagittatia, tilamentis brevibua aubulatis, 
stylo brevi, stigmatibus connatis. 



This is the handsomest of all the hitherto figured species 
of the genus, introduced by Mr. Wilson Saunders, F.R.S., 
from Natal, through his active collector, Mr. Cooper. It 
flowered in the Royal Gardens, Kew, first in 1863, from 
bulbs given by Mr. Saunders, but the drawing here given is 
of a much larger specimen, that flowered at Reigate in June, 
1862. As a species it closely resembles the II. Soopen, 
Moore, but is a much larger plant, with the inflorescence race- 
mose, not disposed in open, opposite-branched, trichotomous 
cymes ; the peduncles are large and more slender, and the 
bracts are not short, persistent, and subulate; the flowers arc 
twice as large, and the perianth segments are not green at 
the back, but yellow, with a dorsal green stripe. 

The genus Hypoxia is a very large one in South Africa. 
whence many species remain to be introduced ; as yet they 
have found little favour with horticulturists, mosl of those 

PEBBTTAKT IsT, L868 



that have hitherto been cultivated possessing none of the 
attractions of H. data. 

Desck. Boot bulbous. Stem an inch broad at the base. 
Leaves very numerous, a foot to a foot and a half long, 
spreading and revolute, thinly villous above, thickly below 
with soft hairs, keeled and plicate, an inch to an inch and a 
half broad. Scapes numerous, shorter than the leaves, bear- 
ing a large, nodding, many-flowered raceme. Peduncles an 
inch and a half long, slender. Flowers two inches in dia- 
meter, golden yellow ; perianth segments ovate-oblong, sub- 
acute, yellow and thinly villous at the back, with a green 
dorsal band. Anthers oblong-sagittate. Ovary with very long- 
spreading hairs; stigmas consolidated. — ./. I). II. 



Fig. 1. Stamens and ovary, — magnified. 



5691 




Tab. 5691. 

ODONTOGLOSSUM Axexandr^e ; var. Triana. 

Princess of Wales s Odontoglossum, Dr. Triana's variety. 



Nat. Ord. Orchide^. — Gynandkia Moxanoria. 



Gen. Char. Perianthium explanatum. Sepala et petala saspius subcon- 
formia. Labellum integrum, ecalcaratum, unguiculatum, ungue cum basi 
column® continue-, lamina patente basi cristata. Columna erecta, membra- 
naceo-marginata, apice utrinque alata. Anthem 2-locularis. Pollinia 2, 
solida, caudicula lineari, glandula hamata.— Herbas epiphytical, pseudobul- 
bifera, tnontium America tropica incola. Folia solitaria 2-na v. pauca, 
plicata v. plana. Scapi ad basin pseudobulbi inserta, breves v. elongati, 
1-multiflori, erecti v. penduli. Flores speciosi, racemosi. 



Ouontoglossum Alexandra; pseudobulbis ovatis compressis 1-2-pbylhs, 
foliis elongatis, racemo simplici multifloro, sepalis et petalis membra- 
naceis subfequalibus v. sepalis angustioribus ovatis v. lanceolatis acu- 
minatis, labello polymorpho ovato v. subquadrato apice acuto obtuso 
v. truncato et 2-lobo, marginibus integerrimis v. dentatis, columna 
areuata clavata alis laceris. 

Odontoglossum Alexandras. Batem. in Proc. Hort. Soc. 1864, p. 186^ 
Monog. Odontogloss. t. 14 et 19. 

Var. Triana; sepalo dorsali macula solitaria rosea notato, lateralibus roseo 
suffusis et maculatis, petalis niveis, labello oblongo-pandunforim 
apice 2-lobo, marginibus undulatis et crispatis, disco plaga ampla 
2-loba notato. Tab. nost. 5G91. 



For the beautiful variety here figured of this lovely Orchid 
the Royal Gardens are indebted to Dr. Triana, of Bogota, a 
very distinguished botanist, who procured it from the JNew 
Granadan Andes, about ten leagues from Bogota, at eleva- 
tions of 7000 to 8000 feet. Two varieties of the same 
species have been figured by my friend Mr. Bateman, in his 
splendid work on the genus, neither of which rival this m 
beauty and delicacy of colouring, or in the size of the flower. 
This author well points out the very variable nature of the 
flower, not only as to colour, but in the form of the Lip, 
which is rounded and two-lobed at the apex, or acute or 
acuminate, and entire or serrate. 

It need hardly be observed, that in common with all the 

FEBRUARY 1ST. 1868. 



other Odontoglossums we know of, this requires a cool treat- 
ment. Its flowers last for a long time, and are not surpassed 
by those of any other Orchid for delicacy and beauty ; they 
expanded at Kew in October. 

Descr. of var. Triance. Pseudohulhs an inch and a half to 
two inches long, compressed. Leaves one to two, or six to eight 
inches long, an inch and a half to two inches broad, acute. 
Bacemes larger than the leaves, drooping, many-flowered, 
slender. Bracts short, obtuse. Flowers two and a half 
inches in diameter. Sepals oblong, acuminate, white suf- 
fused with rose, the upper with one circular rose spot in the 
centre, the lateral usually deeper rose-coloured along the upper 
half, and. there spotted with the same. Petals snow-white, 
broader than the sepals. Lip oblong panduriform, two-lobed 
at the apex, base expanded into wing-like lobes barred with 
rose, margin toothed, disk with a large, 2-lobed, rosy patch, 
and two small spots more towards the base. Column with 
toothed wings spotted with red.— J. I). II 



5692. 




Tab. 5692. 

STAPELIA Plantii. 
Mr. Plant's Stapelia. 



Nat. Ord. Asclepiade2e.— Pentandeia Pentagtnia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx 5-partitus. Corolla rotata, 5-fida, carnosa. Gyno- 
stegium sspms exsertum. Corona staminea duplex, exterioris foliolis v. 

9fi!r mtegns v - P artitis > interioris foliolis corniculiformibus simplicibus 
v. 2-fidis. Anthers apice simplices. Pollinia erecta, ventricosa, margine hinc 
pellucida. Stigma muticura. Folliculi subcylindrici, lasves, erecti. Se- 
mina comosa.-— Plantae Capenses, carnosa;, ramose, ramis aphyllis sa>pii<x 
4-gonis angulis dentatis. Flores utplurimum speeiosi, atro-sanguineo guttati 
marmorati v.fasciati. Decaisne in DC. Prod. 



Stapelia Plantii ; ramis pubescentibus erectis 4-quetris clavatis v. colum- 
naribus, angulis deutatis, dentibus remotis incurvis spiuula raolli ter- 
minatis, peduuculis calycibusque pubescentibus, corolla ampla 5-fida, 
marginibus longe ciliatis, laciniis lanceolatis acuminatis, disco fusco- 
purpureo fasciis fulvis creberrime transverse notato, marginibus late 
atro-purpureis. 

Stapelia Plantii. Ilort. Grahamstown. 



In the year 1811, the Kew collection of Stapelice contained 
no less than forty-four species, that of epiphytic Orchids 
thirty-seven. Those were the days of small dry stoves, heated 
by hot-air flues; when the successful cultivation of epi- 
phytic Orchids was regarded as impossible, and our houses 
overflowed with the representatives of such dry climates as 
South Africa and Australia. Now we boast of rather fewer 
species of Stapelia and about four hundred epiphytic Orchids ; 
and, small as the former collection must appear when compared 
with the number of species of Stapelia that have been in culti- 
vation (nearly eighty), it is, I believe, one of the largest now in 
Kngland. In Germany, probably, much larger exist ; and that 
much may be added to all, is evident from the fact of the sub- 
ject of the accompanying Plate being quite new; it ;was sent to 
the Royal Gardens from the Botanic Garden of Grahamstown, 
in 1866, and flowered in November, 1867. As a species it 
is very near S. grandiflora and S. Ursula, differing from both 

FEBBCABY 1st, 1868. 



chiefly in the pale sulphur-coloured transverse bands of the 
corolla lobes. 

Descr. Stem stout, creeping ; branches downy, five to nine 
inches long, erect, columnar or subclavate, with four thick 
wings; wings remotely toothed; teeth incurved, and terminated 
by short, soft, incurved spines. Peduncles at the base of the 
branches, stout,, and, as well as the calyx, pubescent. Corolla 
five inches in diameter, villous around the throat ; lobes an inch 
to an inch and a half broad, ovate-lanceolate, purplish-brown 
in the centre, and there transversely barred with wavy yellow 
bands, margins and apex broadly black-purple, ciliated with 
long hairs. Staminal crown double; outer lobes simple, 
entire, narrow ; inner broader, unequally two-lobed.— J. I). H. 



Fig. 1. Staminal crown, — magnified 



Tab. 5693. 

HYPERICUM patulum. 

Spreading St. Johns-ivort. 



Nat. Ord. Hypericine^. — Polyadelphia Polyandria. 

Oen. Char. Sepala 5. Petala 5, intus calva. Stamina nunc libera v. 
basi breviter connata, in phalangea 3-8, glandulia hypogynia 0, nunc altius 
connata in phalanges 3 3-8-andraa cum glandulia hypogynia alternantes*. 
Ovarium nunc 2-loculare, placentia 3- v. 5-parietalibus, nunc perfecte v. im- 
perfecte 3-5-loculare ; atyli diatincti v. rarius alte coaliti ; ovula in loculia 
placentisve aaepius numeroaa. Capsula septicide v. ad placentas dehiscens, 
placentia v. axi v. marginibua valvarum adhserentibua. Semina non alata. — 
Herbse suffrutices fruticesve ampliigea. Folia septus subsessilia, coriacea 
v. membranacea, integerrima v. rarius serrulata. Iflores Jlavi, rarius albidi, 
solitarii cymosi v. paniculati. 



Hypericum patulum ; fruticoaum, glaberrimum, variegatum, ramis graci- 
libus teretibua rubria, foliia breviter petiolatis oblongis ovato-ob- 
longisve pellucido-punctatia obtuaia aubacutis apiculatiave, flonbus 
in cymas terminales paucifloraa diapositis amplis, pedicellia 2-brac- 
teatia, sepalia orbiculatia oblongisve, petalia late oblongis v. suborbicu- 
latis epunctatis, atarainibus perplurioiia, filamentis basi in phalanges 5 
dispositia, glandulia interjectis 0, ovario 5-loculari. 

Hypericum patulum. Thunb. Fl. Jap. 295, et Icon. t. 17. DC. Prod. v. 1. 
p. 545. 



A very ornamental, hardy perennial, flowering abundantly 
in September and October, in the open air, and forming a 
very valuable addition to the list of available border plants. 
It is a native of Japan, where it was discovered by Thunberg 
ninety years ago, and was introduced into Kew by Mr. 
Oldham, collector for the Royal Gardens, who, after making 
many valuable botanical collections, perished of fever on the 
coast of China. As a species it is very nearly allied to the 
H. uralum, Hamilton, of Nepal (Tab. nost. 2375), and will 
probably prove to be a large-flowered variety of that plant. 
It is very variable in the foliage, which is flat or has recurved 
margins, and is green or rust-coloured beneath. 

Descr. A small, perfectly glabrous, slender, branching 
shrub, one to" three feet high. Stems and branches terete, red. 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1868. 



Learns on very short petioles, from an inch and a half to 
two mches and a half long, ovate or ovate-oblong, obtu e 
acute or apiculated, flat or with recurved margins! covered 
obscurely with pellucid oil-glands, bright green above, paler 
or rusty beneath. Mowers in terminal, few-flowered cymea 
very large, an inch and a half to two inches in diameter' 
bright yellow. Peduncles short, with two foliaceous T™ s 

Z e ,K T Pr T Sd ! *"*"* short ' Se P ah muc " Sorter 
than the petals, orbicular or oblong, concave, green with 

cZtedlt.lt h T m T y numerou ^ filaments free, 
five celled wbhfi T ^^"ue glmuls none. Ovary 

hvc celled with five rather slender styles and truncate stig- 



Fig. 1. Calyx and ovary,— magnified. 



5694-. 




Tab. 5694. 

THUNIA Bensoxle. 

Mrs. Benson s Thunia. 



Nat. Ord. ORCHiDEiE. — Gtnandbia Monandma. 

Gen. Char. Perianthii foliola membranacea, erecto-patentia, lanceolata, 
subsequalia, acuta. Labellum cum columua parallelum, basi in calcar breve 
obtusum productum, 3-lobum, lobis lateralibus brevibus obtusis dentatis 
columnam amplectentibus, intermedio producto flabellato, margine lobulato 
dentate- undulato et crispato, disco carinis ciliatis ornato. Columna graci- 
lis, semiteres, subalata, superne cucullata, 3-loba, lobo intermedio triangu- 
lar! porrecto, lateralibus dentatis. Anthera cordata, 4-locularis, basi 8- 
locellatus. Pollinia 4, clavata, sulcata, subtiliter granulosa. Stigma quad- 
ratum. — Herba3 terrestres ; caulesfasciculati, basi tuberosi, elongati, foliosi, 
inferne sguamis foliaceis recurvis vaginati. Flores pauci, speciosi, termi- 
nates, nutantes, spathaceo-bracteati. 



Tudnia Bensonice ; floribus laete purpureis, labelli lobo intermedio oblongo 
lateralibus longiore, columnar alis terrainalibus profunde dentatis. 



One of the most beautiful of the many recently-introduced 
Orchids, and like its congener, the T. alba (the Phajus alius 
of old), no doubt most easily grown. It was discovered by 
an excellent correspondent, Colonel Benson, at Rangoon, 
and flowered in July of last year, both at Kew and at Messrs. 
Veitch's establishment. As a species, it is so very closely 
allied to T. alba in everything but colour, that I have felt 
very great doubts as to the propriety of calling it by any 
other name ; but the flowers are larger, and the middle lobe 
of the lip is much longer in proportion to the sepals, and 
more oblong in shape. At Colonel Benson's request it 
is named after his lady, and few more beautiful plants have 
ever borne a lady's name. 

I have followed Reichenbach fil (Bot. Zeit. 1852, p. 764), 
in adopting the genus Thunia as distinct from Phajus, rely- 
ing chiefly mainly on the totally different habits and con- 
sistence of the flower. Reichenbach further refers the genius 
to Arethusece, and I find the pollinia to be composed of mi- 
mabch 1st, 186S. 



nute grains, without any elastic web; he ranks it near 
Vanilla, Sobralia, Epistepkium, etc. 

Descr. Stems fascicled, afoot to a foot and a half high, 
terete, leafy, swelling into nodose tubers at the base ; below 
clothed with green, sud orbicular, reflexed, leafy sheaths, 
which gradually pass upwards into the leaves. Leaves sub- 
distichous, sheathing, eight to ten inches long, linear-lanceo- 
late, acuminate, glaucous below, membranous, and waving. 
Flower two to three inches broad, on a short terminal raceme, 
enclosed at first in sheathing spathes, four to five inches across. 
Perianth-mjments equal, spreading, linear-lanceolate, pale 
bright rod-purple, white towards the centre. Lip large, 
three-lobed, white at the base, deep purple beyond it, with 
a yellow-crested disk ; lateral lobes short, obtuse, toothed ; 
middle one broadly oblong, flabellate, crumpled, lobulate, 
and toothed; base produced into a short, straight, thick, 
notched spur. Column with toothed wings at the apex. — 
J. D. II 



Fig. 1. Lip. 2. Column. 3. Pollinia, — all but 2 magnified. 



5695 




"Bncent Brooks. Imp. 



Tab. 5695. 

BEGONIA GLANDULIFERA. 

Glandular Begonia. 

A'at. Ord. Begoniacejs.— Moihecia Pot,yani>ru. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 4131.) 



Begoma (Begomastrum) glanduliferam ,• acaulis, sparse glanduWpilosa, 
iohis aubgracile petiolatis oblique ovato-cordatis v. aemi-cordatis acu- 
minatis dentatis palmatinerviis siccitate subtus albo-punctulatis, stipu- 
iia oyato-oblongis obtusis viridibus, scnpis gracilibtta multifloris rami* 
stnct.s patulu, flonbua paniculatis, bracteis oblongis, floribus albis 
A. 3 perianthii foliolis 4, 2 exterioribus Jate oblongis dorso elandu. 
losis, interlonbus minoribus, staminibus parvis in globum confertia, 
HIamentia libena, fl. ? perianthii foliolis 5 subattuatibua ovatis sub- 
acute styhs 3 breviter 2-fidis, ovario glandulo«o 3-Ioculari 3-alato, 
HferiT* e producta obtusa > placentis 2-fidia, hmellia undique ovu- 

Beoowia glandulifera. Gri*eh. FJ. Brit. W. Ind. p. 804. 



A very elegant species, native of moist ravines in Trinidad, 
Whence it was first sent to England by Mr. Lockhart, late 
Curator of the Botanic Gardens of that island. More re- 
cently living plants have been sent home by Mr. Prestoe, the 
present energetic Curator of those gardens, and to whom the 
Koyal Gardens are indebted for many other fine plants ; it 
flowered in February, 1867. 

-Descr. Root-stock perennial, elongate, sending down nu- 
merous stout fibres. Stem none. Leaves from the apex of 
foot-stock on rather slender glandular petioles, three to six 
inches long ; Made obliquely ovate-cordate or semi-cordate, 
three to five inches long, acuminate, senate-dentate, cilio- 
ja to, dark-green above, and glabrous, beneath paler, with a 
rew hairs on the strong nerves which radiate from the apex 
ot the petiole. Stipules ovate, obtuse, green or red. Scapes 
several often very tall (six to eighteen' inches high), covered 
with glandular hairs, bearing at the top a branched panicle 
xasch 1st, 1868. 



of pure white flowers; branchlets and pedicels glandular- 
pilose, slender ; bracts oblong, obtuse, green, ciliate. — Male 
iiowers one inch broad across the two outer perianth leaves, 
which are oblong, obtuse, glandular at the back; inner pair 
much smaller and narrower. Stamens numerous, collected 
into a small globose capitulum ; filaments free ; anthers ob- 
long. — Female flowers bibracteolate. Perianth-leaves five, 
ovate, subacute, nearly equal. Styles three, persistent in 
fruit, bifid, with short stigmatic arms, surrounded with a 
papillose band ; ovary three-celled, three- winged, glandular- 
pilose; two wings narrow, the third prolonged almost hori- 
zontally, longer than broad, subacute; placentas bifid, the 
lobes o villiferous on both surfaces. Capsule glandular, three- 
winged ; wings membranous, veined, two smaller about as 
long as the capsule is broad ; the third two to three times 
as long as the capsule is broad ; upper margin straight, lower 
curved. — J. I). II. 



Fig. 1. Ovary. 2. The same transversely cut, — magnified. 



56S6 




ieiellitli. 



^5ncentBrook5,Itni) 



Tab. 5696. 

DICENTBANTHERA machophylla. 

Large-leaved Dicentrantkera. 



JS T at. Ord. Acanthace^i. — Didyhamia Angiospeejiia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx 5-lobus, lobis subulatis. Corolla basi tubulosa, su- 
perne campanulata ; limbus 5-fidus ; lobi ovato-rotundati, patentes, 2 pos- 
tici minores, ad medium connati. Stamina 4, didvnama, filamentis fili- 
iormibus basi per paria connatis ; anther* vix exserta?, 2-loculares, loculis 
hneanbus, margme minute glandulosis, basi inaequaKter 2-calcaratis. Ova- 
»?«»« disco tumido impositum ; stylus brevis, stiginate emarginato ; ovula in 
loculis pauca. Capsula ignota.— SufFrutex glaberrimus, ramulis obscure 
■i-goms. Folia elongata, breviter petiolata, obovato-lanceolata, in pctiohtm 
angustata, abrupte caudato-acuminata, obscure sinuata. Flores speciosi, ver- 
ticillastris in spicas strictas simplices v. compo&itas dispositis. 



Dicenteanthera macrophylla. T. Anders. African Acanthaceee in Journ. 
Linn. Soc. Lond. v. 7. p. 52. 



This fine plant was discovered by the intrepid African 
plant collector, Gustav Mann, in the Island of Fernando Po, 
and the Cameroons and Gaboon river, forming a handsome 
shrub, eight to ten feet high. It was afterwards collected in 
the Gambia by Mr. Milne, and the specimen here figured 
was raised from seeds or plants se'ht home by him, which were 
flowered at Glasnevin by Dr. Moore, F.L.S., the able super- 
intendent of that establishment, in June, 1867. In its na- 
tive country its flowering season is December and January, 
whence we may hope that it will eventually prove a useful 
plant for winter stove-decoration — a purpose for which, as I 
have repeatedly pointed out in this work, the tropical Acaniha- 
cea? are admirably well suited. 

Descr. A glabrous erect shrub, eight to ten feet high. 
Branches striate, obtusely tetragonous. Leaves large and 
membranous, deep green and lucid, ten to fourteen inches 
long, obovate-lanceolate, tapering into a short petiole, 
abruptly narrowed to a long point; margin undulate; nerves 
strong and arching. Spikes terminal, short, erect, a foot 
long, simple or branched at the base. Flowers almost 
MAECH 1st, 1868. 



whorled, disposed in opposite rather distant sessile pairs of 
three- to eight-flowered fascicles. Calyx small, of five trian- 
gular subulate lobes. Corolla handsome, an inch to an inch 
and a half long, tube narrow, slightly curved, expanding into 
a bell-shaped five-cleft limb, rose-purple externally, almost 
white internally; lobes rounded-ovate, two upper smaller 
and connate forming a two-lobed upper lip; buds dark 
purple above, green below. Stamens four, filaments connate 
in pairs at the base ; anthers scarcely exserted, yellow, two- 
celled ; cells linear, inserted at unequal heights, obscurely 
glandular, each terminated below by two rigid spurs. Ovary 
two-celled, on a tumid disk ; style filiform, apex decurved ; 
stigma notched ; ovules four in each cell. — J. J). H. 



Fig. 1. Anthers. 2. Calyx and ovary. 3. Ovary. 4. Vertical section 
ot ditto, — magnified. 




,s^y?~ 



A'.Ftui.delellith 



Incent Bro aks Imp 



Tab. 5697. 
ODONTOGLOSSUM Alexandra; var. guttatum. 

Princess of Wales s Odontoc/lossum, spotted variety. 



Nat. Ord. ORcniDEiE.— GtiVandria Monanduia. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 5691.) 



Ojioktoglosstjm Alexandra;. Batem. in Proc. Sort. Soc. 1864, p. 186, et 
Mbnog. Odontogloss. t. 14 et t. 9. Tab. nostr. 5691. 

Var. guttatum ; sepal is Hneari-oblongis acutis undulatis petalisque latioribus 
purpureo-guttatis, labello albo subpanduriformi, apice quadrato retuso 
caudioulato, disco flavo, marginibus guttatis. 



The remarkable difference in the form and colour of the 
sepals and petals and lip of this variety, as compared with 
those of the var. Triance, figured at Tab. 5691, or the vara. 
Wcarii and Bluntii, figured in Mr. Bateman's magnificent 
monograph of the genus, have induced me to figure it here. 
It was flowered by W. W. Saunders, Esq., F.E.S., of Reigate, 
in August of last year, is rather larger-flowered than the 
varieties hitherto figured, and equal in beauty to any of them. 

Descr. of var. guttatum. Raceme four to five inches long, 
about six-flowered. Mowers three inches and a quarter 
broad from tip to tip of the petals, snow-white, the outer 
half of the lateral sepals faintly tinged with rose-purple. 
oepals oblong-lanceolate, acute, waved at the edges ; upper 
with from three to five oblong, dirty pale-purple blotches near 
the base ; lower with usually more blotches scattered on the 
disk. Petals white, broader than the sepals, more crumpled, 
with a few spots on the disk. Lip oblong-quadrate, some- 
what contracted at the middle, margin toothed, apex truncate 
and retuse, with a short, subulate appendicle at the apex; 
calli small; the colour of the lip is white, suffused with yel- 
low at the base, and having a sort of ring of dirty purple 
spots on the margins of the disk. Anther white, streaked 
with purple.—,/. I). II. 



Fig. 1. Ovary, lip, and column : — magnified. 
KARCH 1st, 1868. 



5698. 




Methlh 



Drools fa 



Tab. 5698. 

VEBNONIA (Stengelia) Calvoana 

Sigiwr Calvos Vernonia. 



Xat. Ord. Composite.— Syngenesia-^equalia. 

Gen. Char. Capitulum pluri- seu multiflorum, aequaliflorum. Involucrum 
imbricatum, floribus brevius, squamis interioribus longioribus. Hecepta- 
culum saepius nudum. Corolla reguiaris, 5-fida, ]obis suba?qualibus. Fila- 
menta laevia. Achcenium basi callosum, disco epigyno magno. Pappus 
saepius 2-3-serialis, serie interiore setiformi externam saepe paleaceam longe 
superante. — Herbse frutices v. arbores. Folia sapissime alterna. Inflo- 
rescentia varia. 

Subgenus Stengelia. Involucri squamae exteriores oblongse v. oblongo- 
lanceolatae, in appendicem amplam latam dilatatse, bracteolis foliaceis 
circumdatae. — Stengelia, C. H. Schultz, mm. 



Vernonia (Stengelia) Calvoana ; fruticosa, ramulis pubesceiiti-tomentosis, 
foliis caulinis sessilibus obovato-lanceolatis acuminatis dentatis deorsum 
longe attenuatis ssepe auriculato-2-lobis, corymbis amplis laxe ramosis, 
ramulis elongatis, capitulis pedunculatis late hemisphaerico-campanu- 
latis, involucri squamis externis linearibus lanceolatisve herbaceis, 
intermediis 2-multiseriatis in laminam chartaceam obtusam dilatatis, 
intimis minoribus erectis concavis, corollis violaceis, pappi setis multi- 
seriatis compressis, achaenio glaberrimo, receptaculo amplo piano laevi. 

Stengelia Calvoana. Hook.f. in Journ. Linn. Soc. Lond. v. 7. p. 199. 



This magnificent composite plant was discovered on the 
Cameroons mountains, in the Bight of Benin, by Gustav 
Mann, whilst collecting for the Royal Gardens, Kew, at 
elevations of from three to seven thousand feet, in December, 
1861, and was by him introduced into our gardens, where it 
first flowered in January, 1866. It was accompanied by 
another and apparently equally handsome species, V. (Sten- 
gelia) insignia, Hook, f, which differs remarkably in the 
petiolate leaves, and which has not yet been introduced. The 
name Calvoana was given in compliment to Signor Calvo, of 
Fernando Po, who rendered Mr. Mann essential service in his 
arduous journeys on the Cameroons mountains and river. 
-MAiicii 1st, 1868. 



Descr. A tall shrub, eight to twelve feet high Stem 
stout, sulcate, branched, tomentosely pubescent. Leaves 
eigirt to fourteen inches long, sessile, oblong-lanceolate 
acuminate, toothed, much narrowed at the base, which is 
unequally auncled. Corymbs large, branching and spreading 
bearing leafy toothed bracts. Heads two inches broad, white 
with a purple eye. Involucral scales large and spreading in 
many series; outer lanceolate, green, herbaceous; interme- 
diate of several rows, spreading, broad, white, obtuse ; inner 
erect, concave shorter. Florets purple. Corolla tubular 
below, campanulate above, equally five-cleft, segments erect. 
Stamens exserted. Storms revolute. Pappus of several 
series of filiform, shortly pilose, shining bristles.— J! B. H. 



aJSL 1 " * ntermediate ^volucral scale. 2. Floret. 3. Style arms 4 
Achene and pappus. 5. Acheue. 6. Pappus \mmt-*U%* £^M 



5699. 




W. fitch, del.elhth. 



Vincent Brooks, Imp- 



Tab. 5699. 
cola acuminata. 

Kola-nut Tree. 



Nat. Ord. StERCULIACEJE. — MoXffiCIA MoNADELPHIA. 

Gen. Char. Flores unisexuales v. polygami. Calyx 5-fidus, rarius 1- v. t>- 
fidus. PetalaO. Columna staminea (nunc brevissima) apice antheras 
10-12 siraplici serie annulatim adnatas ferens. Ovarii carpella 5-10 v. 
rarius 10-12, subdistincta v. connate, oo-ovulata ; styli totidem, breves, 
filiformes v. dilatati, intus v. supra stigmatosi. Carpella matura crassa, 
intus rima dehiscentia, oo-sperma. Semina obovoidca, exalburninosa ; 
cotyledones 2 v. 4, crassa? ; radicula hilo proxima. — Arbores. Folia Integra 
v.juniora lobata, cum petiolo articulata. Elores in caule v. in axillis fasci- 
culati, breviter cymosi v. subpaniculati. 



Cola acuminata ; foliis obovatis oblongis obovato-lanceolatisve acuminatis 
venosis utrinque glabris, junioribus ssepe 3-lobis, columna staminea 
brevi, antherarum loculis divaricatissimis. 

Cola acuminata. Br. PI. Jav. Ear. p. 237. Whip. Pep. v. 5. p. 106. 

Var. ^. acuminata ; foliis breviter petiolatis latioribus. Rook. Fl. Nig. 233. 

Steeculia acuminata. Palisot, Fl. d'Oware, v. I. p. 41. t. 24. 

S. grandiflora et S. nitida. Vent. Ilort. Malm. v. 2. p. 91 in nota. 

S. verticillata. Schum. PI. Guin. p. 240. 

Lunania Pichy, DC. Prodr. v. 2. p. 92. 



I have here the pleasure of figuring- for the first time in 
England, a plant of remarkable importance in an economic 
point of view, the well-known kola-nut of tropical Africa, 
also known as the Cola, Korra, or Gorra nut, the seeds of 
which are universally eaten by the negroes of West Africa 
and the West Indies as a condiment. The trade in this nut 
is immense throughout tropical Africa, and extends from 
Tripoli to Benguela and Angola. The seeds are about the 
size and appearance of a horse-chestnut, have an astringent 
taste, and a portion of one is chewed by the negro before 
every meal to promote digestion and improve the flavour of 
whatever is eaten after it. It is also used as a medicine and 
to render putrid water wholesome. The tree is abundant 
along the western coast, and found also on the eastern, and 
march 1st, 1868. 



is cultivated m the West Indies and Brazil, and forms a 
valuable property to the natives. There is another kind of 
kola-mi it, known as the bitter kola, whose botanical history 
is wholly unknown. The kola has been introduced into 
the Koyal Gardens, Kew, repeatedly, from both West Africa 
and the West Indies, but never flowered till January of the 
pi esen t year. 

aooleTo/ S A ma " tT Z' ab ° Ut folty feet h 'S h ' resembling an 
apple-tree. Leaves alternate, on petioles half an inch to six 

inches long; blade four to six inches long, oblons-obovate or 

obovate-lan ceolate, long-acnminate, coriaceous, n!," es strong 

sht^fnffT ° n , b0 ^ 5UrfaCeS - ft««»SS 
shoit, mam-flowered axillary, corymbose racemes, about one 

inch across yellow m the garden specimens, described as 

treaked with purple in Africa. Perianth sen fy-tome„tose 

tube short, campanulate ; limb of five to six obZe sub' 

acute, spreading lobes. Anthers about ten, whorlcd round 

the apex of a very short column; cells superimposed ve ti 

an?he"l //*' ""^ at the bas * by imperfect 



magnified. ^pertect anthers at base of ditto :-„« i ut Mg. 1 



5700. 




W."Fitch.,dei ' 



Vincent Brooks , Imp . 



Tab. 5700. 

ABISTOLOCHIA ringens, 

Gap ing-flowered Aristolochia. 



Xat. Ord. Aristolocuie^:. — Gyxandria Hexasdria. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 5120.) 



Aristolochia (Gymnolobus) ringens; glaberrima, caule volubili alte scan- 
dente, foliis late reniformi-rotundatis, sinu obtuso, obtusis emargina- 
tisve subtus glaucis, basi digitatim 7-9-nerviis, pseudo-stipulis reni- 
formibus profunde auriculato-2-lobis, floribus longe pedunculitis, 
ovario infra apicem dilatatum tuberculato, perianthio viridi purpureo 
marmorato, utriculo obovoideo inflato, tubo mfra-apicali refracto assur- 
gente 2-labiato, labiis valde elongatis superiore lineari-lanceolato ob- 
tuso concavo, inferiore breviore spathulato, ungue marginibus recur- 
vis, lamina dilatata orbiculata v. ovata. 

Aristolochia ringens. Vahl, Symb. v. 3. p. 99. J'acq. Coll. v. 5. t. 4. /. 
2. Duchartre in DC. Prodr. xv.pt. 1. p. 471. 

A. grandiflora. Vald, Symb. v. 2. p. 94. t. 47. 

IIoavaedia ringens. Klotzsch in MonaUb. Acad. Berl. 1859. p. G07. 



This noble plant was introduced into the Royal Gardens 
by its late collector, Mr. Purdie, from the plain of Santa 
Cruz, in New Granada, where its roots are esteemed as an 
antidote for snake bites, and form one of the many plants 
having that reputed property, and called " Guaco " by the 
natives. It inhabits also the Caraccas, and, according to 
Ducharte, the West Indian islands near that coast. The 
form of the lobe of the lower lip varies, in the dried speci- 
mens, from oblong to orbicuiar-reniform, and as the latter 
character is the only distinctive one assigned to the A. Mans, 
Willd., which comes from the same country, T suspect that 
this latter is not a distinct species. 

A. ringens has flowered repeatedly in the Royal Gardens, 
usually in the month of September. 

Dkscr. A tall, .slender, twining, perfectly glabrous plant 
Leaves petioled; petioles one to two inches long, broadly or- 

vl'rii, 1st, L868. 



bicular-reniform, with a broad sinus, obtuse or emarginate, 
dull pale green above, glaucous below, digitately five- to 
seven-nerved at the base. False stipules reniform, very 
deeply two-lobed. Peduncles slender, four times as long as 
the petioles. Ovary slender, twisted, grooved, expanded at 
the apex into a dark purple, callous disk, tubercled on the 
upper surface just below this. Mowers seven to ten inches 
long, pale green, marbled and reticulated with dark black- 
purple. Perianth with an obovoid ventricose sac two inches 
and a half long, which is woolly inside ; tube ascending ob- 
liquely from the sac, terete, dividing into two very long lips ■ 
upper lip (lower as the flower hangs) oblong-lanceolate, ob- 
tuse, concave, recurved, hairy inside below the middle ; lower 
shorter, spathulate, claw long, with recurved margins, blade 
broadly ovate or orbicular, or almost reniform. Stamens six, 
equidistant on the almost sessile column.— J. I). H. 



llfal\i^ ° f PeriaUth CUt verticj %> sho ™g the column :-ofthe 



570/. 




W Pitch, del, ethth 



Vincent Brooks, Imp 



Tab. 5701. 

IPSEA SPECIOSA. 
Beautiful Ipsea. 

Nat. Ord. Orchideje. — Gynandria Moxaxdria. 

Gen. Char. Sepala explanata, sequalia; lateralia basi obliqua, subsaocata, 
cum pede columns connata. Tetala paulo minora, obovato-oblonga. La- 
helium cum basi columns articulatum, concavum, late 3-lobum, lobis late- 
ralibus magnis erectis subacutis, intermedio porrecto oblongo obtuso, disco 
obtuse carinato et canaliculato. Colwmna semiteres, elongata, basi et apice 
paulo incrassato. Anthera parva ; pollinia 8, cereacea, caudiculis 4 pul- 
vereis, per paria cohrerentia, altero cujusvis paris minore. — Herba iota 
pubescens, epic/cea, rhizomate tuberoso carnoso. Folia 1-2, graminea, elon- 
gato-lanceolata, plicata. Scapus strictus, gracilis, elongaivs, bracteis spatha- 
ceis ornatus, \-1-ftorvs. Flores ampli, speciosi,flavi. ' 



Ipsea speciosa. Lindh Gen. et Sp. Orchid, p. 124. Wight, Ic. PL In,! 
Or. t. 1GG3. 



A very beautiful terrestrial Orchid, one of the very few 
golden-flowered species of that class, with the habit of a 
Bletia ; it is a native of Ceylon, whence a number of its 
tubers were sent to the Royal Gardens, in 1866, by Mr. 
Thwaites ; of these some were distributed to various culti- 
vators, and others planted here under different conditions. 
These grew freely ; but the only person who has hitherto 
succeeded in flowering the plant is Mr. Bateman, who exhi- 
bited it in January of the present year. If it can only be 
made to flower as easily as the Bletias, it will indeed become 
a very valuable addition to every Orchid collection. 

Descr. Whole plant finely pubescent. Rhizomes terres- 
trial, tuberous, hard, fleshy, as large as a nut or larger, often 
fascicled, subglobose, with conical tops, furnished with the 
fibrous remains of old leaves. Jjeaf usually solitary from the 
rhizome, appearing before the flower, four to eight inches long, 
narrow lanceolate, tapering into a petiole, half an inch to 
three-quarters of an inch wide, plaited, green. Scape lateral 
on the rhizomes, very slender, erect, one to two feet high, 
one- to two-flowered, with distant spathaceous bracts ; spathes 

APRIL 1st, 1868. 



one inch long, tumid, loosely appressed to the scape, sub- 
acute, green. Flowers sessile or nearly so, two inches and a 
half m diameter, golden-yellow, with faint red lines on the 
disk of the lip, between the lateral lobes. Sepals oblong 
obtuse, the lateral connate at the base of the column then 
oblique, and together forming an inconspicuous sac. Petals 
obovate-spathulate, rather smaller than the sepals. Lip as 
long as the sepals, broad, concave, three-lobed, lateral lobes 
ascending, subacute, middle one horizontal, recurved, obtuse, 
with several obtuse ridges on the disk. Column long- 



Pig. 1. Ovary and column. 2. Lip. 3 and 4. Pollinia -.-all magnified. 



5702. 




.del.etlith 



Vincent, Brooks, Imp 



Tab. 5702. 

hibiscus marmoratus. 

Marbled-flowered Hibiscus. 



Nat. Ord. Malyace^. — Mosadklphia Polyaxdbia. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 5406.) 



Hibiscus (Ketmia) marmoratus ; fruticosus, hirsutulus. foliis ovatis v. 
ovato-cordatis integris v. obtuse 3-5-lobis subacutis creuato-dentatis 
basi 3-5-nerviis, stipulis parvis subulatis, pedunculis 1-floris axillari- 
bus petiolo multo longioribus supra medium articulatis, involucelli 
foliolis 8-10 oblongo- v. hmceolato-spathulatis acutis patentibus calyce 
brevioribus, calyce campanulato eglanduloso 5-fido lobis acutis, petalis 
iuferne in tubum convolutis superne patentibus calyce multo longiori- 
bus, lamina obovato-cuneata retusa roseo-maculata, columna staminea 
gracili, stigmatibus capitellatis, ovulis numerosis. 

Hibiscus marmoratus. O. Lemaire in TIL Sortie, r. 3, February, 1856. /. 
82. Planchon in Fl. det Serves, t. 1159. 

Abutilon marmoratum. Sort. 



This fine plant is a native of Mexico, whence it was im- 
ported, in 1854, by M. Auguste Tonel, and flowered in the 
following year in M. Verschaffelt's establishment at Ghent. 
Tt has since been widely distributed ; and the specimen from 
which the accompanying figure was made was raised from 
seed sent by Dr. Anderson from the Calcutta Botanical Gar- 
den in 1866, which flowered in February of the present year. 
It is described as a greenhouse plant by Lemaire and 
Planchon, but our specimen flowered in a stove. 

Descr. A pubescent or subhirsute branching shrub. Leaves 
on rather short petioles, variable in shape, ovate, ovate-cor- 
date or oblong-cordate, acute, entire or obscurely three- to 
five-lobed, bluntly toothed, dark green and rugose on the 
upper surface, paler below, three to four inches long, two to 
four inches broad. Stipules small, subulate, persistent Pe- 
duncles solitary, axillary, stiff, much longer than the petioles, 
articulate above the middle. Flowers two inches and a half 
long, and as wide across the petals. Involucel of eight to 
ten spreading, obovate-oblong, or subspathulate acute green 
leaflets, with subrecurved tips. Calyce tubular-campanulate, 
APi:iL 1st, 1868. 



five-cleft almost to the middle; lobes ovate, acute, erect. 
Petals much longer than the calyx, convolute into a tube 
below, above spreading, obovate-cuneate, retuse, white, reti- 
culately mottled with bright rose-pink. Staminal column 
slender, exserted. Stigmas five, capitellate. Ovules nume- 
rous. — J. I). H. 



Fig. 1. Calyx cut open, involucel, and staminal column -.—magnified. 



5703. 




W Fitch, del. etlith 



Vincent Brooks. Imp 



Tab. 5703. 

DENDROBIUM cumtjlatum. 
Clustered-floivered Dendrobe. 



Nat. Ord. Okciiidej3. — Gynandbia Monanbiua. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 4755.) 



Dendeobium (Stacliyobium) cumulatum ; caulibus fascicuiatis elougatis 
pendulis teretiusculis vaginis scariosis nodis exceptis tectis, foliiferis 
brevioribus, foliis 3-4-pollicaribus lineari- v. elongato-oblongis acumi- 
natis, racemia corymbiformibus densi-multifloris, racbi brevi pedicel- 
lisque gracilibus rubro-purpureis, floribus 1 unc. latis roseo-purpureo 
pallide tiuctis, sepalis petalisque subsequalibus oblongis obtusiusculis, 
Jabello obovato-oblongo obtuso planiusculo glaberrimo, calcare labello 
sequilongo crasso recto apice angustato obtuso. 

Dendbobium cumulatum. Lindl. in Gard. Ckron. 1855, p. 75(>. 



This very pretty species is another of Colonel Benson's 
valuable Moulmeyne contributions. A comparison with the 
Dendrobes contained in Dr. Lindley's Herbarium, now at Kew, 
proves it to be his I), cumulatum, of which I find no figure 
published, nor other description than that quoted as in the 
' Gardeners' Chronicle,' where it is stated that the specimens 
were leafless, that their native country is unknown, that the 
colour of the flower varies in depth, and that the lip is some- 
times freckled with rose-coloured spots. Our plant differs 
from one of Dr. lindley's varieties in the flowers being much 
smaller, for he gives the dimensions as " two inches long," 
but as he does not state in which direction this measurement 
is taken, it is impossible to compare them ; in our specimens 
they measure an inch and three-quarters from the tip of the 
spur to the tip of the lip, and one inch across the sepal*. 
Dr. Lindley further describes the tip of the spur (mentum) as 
incurved and subacute, which is scarcely the case in our 
specimens. 

The specimen here figured flowered in Kew in September. 
1867. 

Desce. Stems tufted, pendulous, one to two feet long, 

^J'nn, Lst. 1868. 



slender, subterete, internodes almost concealed by the scari- 
ous pale brown sheath. Leaves few, on shorter branches, 
three to four inches long, an inch to an inch and a half 
broad, narrow oblong, acuminate, pale bright green, with 
brown apices. Flowers numerous, collected into subglobose 
corymbs of three inches diameter at the nodes, rose-purple, 
vanilla-scented, an inch in diameter ; rhachis of corymb and 
pedicels deep red-purple, bracts minute. Sepals and petals 
nearly equal, oblong, subacute, transparent. Lip longer and 
broader than the sepals, obovate-oblong, obtuse or retuse, 
glabrous, nearly plane, quite entire. Spur stout, straight,' 
almost tumid, contracted at the obtuse apex. Column verv 
short.—/. I). H. 3 



Fig. 1. Column lip, and spur :— magnified. 



5104. 



i * est*. 




Bncent 



Tab. 5704. 

EAPHISTEMMA ciliatum. 

Ciliated Raphistemma. 



Nat. Ord. Asclepiade^e. — Gynandria Pentanmhua. 



Gan. Char. Calyx alte 5-fidus. Corolla campanulata v. rotato-campanu- 
lata, limbo 5-fido. Gynostegium tubo inclusum. Corona staminea 5-phylla, 
foliolis gynostegium duplo superantibus exsertis compressis apice inflexis. 
Aniherce membratia terminate ; pollinia clavata v. ovato-rotundata, sub 
apice affixa, pendula. Stigma obscure 5-gonum. Tolliculi saepius abortu 
solitarii, subventricosi. Semina comosa. — Frutices Indici v. Moluccani, 
cauln tenui voluhili. Folia co?'data, supra petiolum glandulifera . Flores 
albi, corymbosi. 



Eaphistemma ciliatum ; laxe pilosum, foliis late ovato-cordatis acuminatis 
siuu prof undo clauso, pedunculis elongatis pendulis, pedicellis filifor- 
mibus, calycis lobis parvis acutis, corolla? tubo brevissimo, lobis paten- 
tibus ovatis acutis longe ciliatis. 



A pretty, delicate climber, bearing a profusion of white 
blossoms, the fringed edges of whose corollas have a very 
beautiful appearance. The seeds were sent from Penang by 
the Honourable Colonel Man to the Royal Gardens through 
Mrs. Courtenay Bell, of Kew, and flowered in October, 1867. 

Of the genus Raphistemma only two species have hitherto 
been described, one a native of continental India, and the other 
of Java, and from both which the present differ in its pilose 
stems, very slender pedicels, short corolla-tube, and its fringed 
lobes. 

Descr. Stem slender, twining, covered with spreading or 
refiexed hairs. Leaves on slender petioles, ovate-cordate, acu- 
minate, deeply two-lobed and auricled at the base, the sinus 
closed by the almost overlapping auricles, two inches long 
by an inch and three-quarters broad. Peduncles axillary, 
pendulous and ascending, two to four inches long, bearing 
an interrupted corymb of flowers; pedicels filiform, almost 
capillary, an inch and a half long, reddish below the middle. 
Flowers half an inch to three-quarters of an inch in diame- 
ter, pale greenish-yellow, faintly rose-coloured towards the 

APRIL 1st, 1868. 



base of the corolla lobes. Calyx lobes five, small, subacute 1 . 
Corolla tube very short ; lobes large, broad, spreading, beau- 
tifully ciliated. Appe?idages of the column laterally com- 
pressed, spurred behind at the base, their incurved apices 
produced. Pollinia clavate. — J. D. II. 



Fig. 1. Calyx and column. 2. Ovaries. 3. Pollinia :— all magnified, 




"Tiucent Brooks , imp 



Tab. 5705. 

COCHLIOSTEMA Jacobianum. 

General Jacobis Cochliostema. 



Nat. Ord. CoMMELYNB/E.— MoNADELPHIA TeIANDKIA. 

Gen. Char. Sepala 3, oblonga, obtusa, concava. Petala 3, subjrqualin, 
sepahs latiora, fimbriata. Staminodia 3, villosa ; 2 erecta, linearia; tertia 
abbreviate, plumosa. Golumna staminea cucullata, marginibus involutis, 
autheras 3 spiraliter tortas includens; antherce 2 erectse parallels?, tertia 
inferior, transversa. Ovarium 3-loculare, obliquum ; stylus ascendens, fili- 
formis, stigmate simpliciusculo ; ovula uumerosa, 2-seriata. Fructus igno- 
tus. — Herbae acaules,foliosa, America tropicce incolce. Folia basi vaginan- 
tia, oblongo-lanceolata. Flores in paniculas axittares dispoxiti, fuqaces. — 
Cochliostema, Lemaire in Illust. Sortie, t. 217. 



Cochliostema Jacobianum; glaberrimum, tbliis 3-4-pedalibus oblongo- 
lanceolatis acuminatis basi angustatis utriuque viridibus margiuibus 
brunneis, paniculis amplis axillaribus foliis brevioribus ramia opposi- 
tis et vertieillatis, bracteis amplis albis et pallide purpurea, sepalis 
anguste oblongis obtusis roseo-purpureis, petalis obovatis fimbriato- 
ciliatis ca?ruleis. 

Cociiltostema Jacobianum. K. Koch et Linden, Wochenschrift, 1867, p. 
322. Andre, Revue Horticole, 1SG8,jo. 71. Masters in Gard. Chro/i. 
1868, p. 264 (cum ic. xylog., et 323, anal.). 



This superb plant certainly ranks amongst the grandest 
stemless Monocotyledons known, combining the foliage of a 
gigantic Anthunum with masses of inflorescence which, for 
size, delicacy, and beauty of tints, cannot well be surpa 
Nor in a botanical point of view is this plant less note- 
worthy, the structure and arrangement of the anthers of 
the genus Cochliostema being most curious, and for an ex- 
cellent account of which T would refer to Dr. Masters's 
papers, above quoted. It is there assumed that the apparent 
number of stamens and staminodes is six, but the normal 
number nine. Of these nine the three outer are represented 
by two blue staminodes, and a third staminode reduced to a 
tuft of yellow hairs; whilst the other six consist of two 
broken series of three each, the intermediate series being 
represented by the two upright spiral anthers within the 
mat 1st, 1868. 



hood and a suppressed stamen (of which there is no visible 
evidence), and the innermost series by the horizontal spiral 
anther and two suppressed stamens (of which there is no 
visible evidence). This explanation is ingenious, and is pro- 
bably substantially correct. 

C. Jacohianum is a native of Ecuador, from which it was 
introduced by Mr. Linden, who exhibited it in full foliage 
at the Paris Exhibition of 1867, and sent to England the 
flower here figured. It has a faint sweet odour, not to be 
compared with that of the C. odoratissimum. 
( Descr. A stemless epiphyte. Leaves numerous, spread- 
ing, three to four feet long, sheathing at the broad base, 
then oblong-lanceolate, four to six inches broad, deep green, 
edged with brown. Peduncles axillary, stout, suberect, as thick 
as the finger, white tinged with pink or purple, a foot long, 
bearing an immense panicle of flowers. Bracts opposite and 
whorled, oblong, concave, three to four inches long. Branches 
of panicle stout, four to six inches long, bearing at their 
apices short scorpioid, deflexed cymes ; pedicels three-quar- 
ters of an inch long. Flowers two inches to two inches and 
a half in diameter. Sepals oblong, obtuse, concave, purple- 
pink Petals obovate, longer than the sepals, of a fine vio- 
let-blue, fringed with soft purple hairs. Staminodes three, 
two lateral linear, purple, fringed ; third a tuft of yellow 
hairs at the back of the staminal column. Staminal column 
(or hood) pedicelled, petaloid, blade concave, with involute 
margins, ovoid, produced into two long tubular points, being 
cleft through the middle to the base, enclosing three anthers. 
Anthers spirally twisted; one horizontal at the base of the 
hood, two vertical, one in each involute half of the hood. 
Ovary ovoid, three-celled; style filiform, curved; stigma mi- 
nutely three-lobcd.— J. BE 



Fig. 1 Eeduced figure of whole plant. 2 and 3. View of staminodes, 
staminal hood and ovary. 4. Vertical section of lower part of staminal 
hood, showing the anthers:— all hut Fi 9 . 1 magnified 



5706. 




WFitcL I 



Vincent Brooks, Imp. 



Tab. 5706. 
LYCASTE Bahringtonle ; var. grandiflora. 
Mrs. Harrington's Lycaste, large-flowered variety. 



Nat. Ord. Orciiib-e.e. — Gynandria Monandria. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4193.) 



Lycaste Barringtoniee ; pseudobulbis oblongis compreasia demum costa- 
tis, foliia atnplis subternis oblongo-lanceolatia acuminatia plicatis, 
scapo radicali pseubobulbo aubaequilongo vaginato unifloro, bractea 
ovarii longitudine, floribua albis flavisve, sepalis oblongo-lanceolatia 
aubacutia, petalis paulo minoribua, labelli trilobi lobia lateralibua 
parvia erectia, intermedio ovato-rotundato marginibua erosis, callo 
lato adnato alte sulcato apice 2-deutato. 

Lycaste Barringtonia?. Lindl. in Bot. Beg. 1844, Misc. p. 15. 

Epldendrum Barringtoniae. Smith, Ic. Pict. t. 25. 

Dekdrobium Barringtonise. Swartz, Nov. Act. JJps. v. 6. p. 82. Willi. 
Sp. PI v. 4i.p. 132. Hook. Fxot. Fl. t. 119. 

Colax Barringtoniae. Lindl. Bot. Beg. t. 897. 

Dendrobiuh ciliatum. Swartz, Pers. Synops. v. 2. p. 523. 

Maxielaria ciliata. Buiz et Pav. Fl. Per. St/st. p. 221 ? Lindl. Bot. Ben. 
t. 120G. 

M. Barringtonia?. Lodd. Bot. Cab. t. 1S24. Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orch. n. 
23. 

Var. grandiflora; flore albo pallide vireacente, 5 poll, diamotro. 



A fine old Orchid, now rarely seen in cultivation, and 
which has, according to Dr. Lindley, been re-christened over 
and over again, as our knowledge of the Order and limita- 
tions of its genera have advanced or retarded, as the case 
may be. That it is now rightly placed in Lycaste there can 
be no doubt; and the present variety is certainly the largest 
flowered, if not the showiest, of the genus. The specimen 
here figured was flowered by Mr. Bull, F.L.S., of Chelsea; 
had leaves fully two feet long, and was very sweet-scented. 
The species is a native of the West Indies and South Ame- 
rica. 

I follow Dr. Lindley in the above citations <d' synonyms; 

«AI 1st, 1SG8. 



they include plants of very different size and colour of flower, 
and of no little variety of form of sepals, petals, and lip' 
The specimen here figured vastly exceeds any of his varie- 
ties in the size of the flower, and in its structure approaches 
nearest to Lindley's figure of M. ciliata (Bot. Reg. t. 1206), 
is, however, very green, and much smaller. 

-Desck. Pseudobulbs oblong, compressed, deep green, three 
to five inches long, at length furrowed. Leaves two to three 
at the apex of the pseudobulb, six to ten inches long, broadly 
oblong-lanceolate, acuminate, plaited and ribbed, dark green. 
Scapes about as long as the pseudobulb erect, two-flowered, 
covered with loose sheathes. Flowers of var. grandiflora six 
inches long from the tip of the upper to those of the two 
lower sepals, nearly white, with a faint green hue. Sepals 
narrow oblong, obtuse. Petals smaller, rather undulate. 
Lip three-lobed, lateral lobes small, erect, middle much 
larger, nearly orbicular, margin erose or fringed, appendix 
adnate to its surface, and bifid at the apex.— J. D. H. 



Fig. 1. Column. 2. Lip. 3. Pollen -.—all magnified. 



5707 




W.fttch.deletktL 



Vincent Broois.Imp 



Tab. 5707. 
BEGONIA FALCIFOLIA. 

The Sickle-leaved Begonia. 



Nat. Ord. Begoniacejs. — Moikecia Polyandkia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4131.) 



Begonta falcifolia ; pagina superiore folii setosa excepta glaberrima, 
nitida, caule erecto subramoso, foliis petiolatia lanceolato - falcatis 
attenuato-acuminatia basi oblique cordatis, irregulariter aerrato-den- 
tatis uno latere sublobatis junioribus albo-punctatis, subtus rubro-pur- 
pureia aupra saturate viridibua innorescentia roseo-purpurea, perianthii 
foliolis $ et £ 2 orbiculatis roaeia ataminibua breviter monadelphis, 
ovario 3-alato apice contracto, stylis 3, atigmatorum cruribus brevibus 
fascia papillosa semel torta basi continua cinctia, placentis integris. 



A very lovely species, a native of Peru, from whence it was 
imported by Messrs. Veitch, being discovered by their col- 
lector, Mr. Pearce. For the plant here figured, which has 
been in flower almost ever since Christmas, the Royal Gar- 
dens are indebted to W. Wilson Sanders, Esq., F.R.S. I am 
at a loss to which of Klotzsch's or A. De Candolle's sections 
of the genus to refer it, there being none of these with en- 
tire placentas which have but two leaflets of the perianth in 
both the male and female flower. 

Descr. Steins one to two feet high, glabrous, terete, erect, 
more or less branched. Leaves petiolate, four to seven inches 
long, petiole an inch and a half to two inches, falcate-lanceo- 
late, gradually narrowed to the tip, base two-lobed-cordate, 
the larger lobe produced laterally, irregularly serrate or du- 
plicate dentate-serrate, four or six smaller teeth occurring 
between the larger, veins very oblique, prominent beneath, 
under-surface deep red-purple, upper very deep green, often 
bronzed, covered with short, stiff, scattered, erect hairs, the 
younger spotted with white. Stipules small, oblong, acute. 
Panicles short, axillary, hermaphrodite, six- to ten-flowered, 
much shorter than the leaves, rose-pink ; peduncles and pedi- 
cels very slender ; bracts small, oblong. Perianth of both 

MAY 1st, 1868. 



sexes of two orbicular, glabrous, rose-coloured leaflets, half 
an inch long. Stamens monadelphous at the base, in a uni- 
lateral, curved bundle, filaments about as long as the clavate 
anthers. Ovary oblong, equally three-winged, contracted to 
a short neck at the apex ; styles three, free, except at the 
base, bifid, the lobes short, with a short, twisted, continuous 
fascia ; placentas quite entire. — J. D. H. 



Fig. 1. Stamen. 2. Ovary. 3. Transverse section of do. -.—all magnified. 



5708. 




Vincent Brool 



Tab. 5708. 

ONCIDIUM CTTCULLATUM ; var. nubigenum. 
Alpine Oncidium. 



Nat. Ord. OucMDEiE. — Gynanbbia Monandrta. 
Gen. Char. {Vide sapra, Tab. 4148.) 



Oncidium cucullatum ; pseudobulbis anguste oblongis, folio piano lineari- 
oblongo acuto, peduuculo graciliimo, racemo simplici erecto v. nutante, 
sepalis lateralibus alte connatis petalisque subaequalibus ovato-oblongis 
acutis, labello amplo suborbiculato basi 2-auriculato mnrginibus integer- 
riinis, tuberculis ad basin parvis, columnse brevis margine nudo. 

Var. nubigcnum ; racemo suberecto, sepalis petalisque albis v. fusco-pur- 
pureis apiee viridibus, labello amplo, lobis lateralibus parvis iuter- 
medio dilatato emarginato albo concolore v. basi roseo. 

Oncidium cucullatum D. nubigenmn. Lindl. FoJ. Orchid. Oncidium, p. 22. 



Of this remarkably pretty Orchid I received two varieties 
last year, the one in December, with white sepals and petals, 
from Wentworth Buller, Esq., and the other in June, with 
these organs of dingy purple, from Messrs. Backhouse and 
Sons, of York ; both are clearly referable to Lindley's very 
variable 0. cucullatum, var. nubigenum, though differing in 
the purple spot at the base of trie lip. The specimen here 
figured is Mr. Backhouse's, and, though smaller than the 
wild specimens in our Herbaria, has more flowers. It is a 
native of forests on the western side of ridge of Asuay, in 
Ecuador, alt. 11,000 feet, where it was discovered by Professor 
Jameson, of Quito, some thirty years ago, and is one of the 
most alpine of the genus, though Dr. Eindley mentions 
another variety of the same species" ' (cucullatum) as ascending 
to 13,000 feet. 

Descr. Pseudobulbs an inch and a half to two inches long, 
narrow-oblong, compressed, smooth. Leaf solitary, five to 
8even inches long, three-quarters of an inch to an inch broad, 
linear-oblong, acute, deep green, plane, coriaceous. Scape very 
slender, erect or inclined, sheaths distant. Baceme simple, 
may 1st. 18(58. 



inclined, many- and dense-flowered, four to five inches long. 
Flowers crowded, three-quarters of an inch to an inch dia- 
meter ; pedicels and ovary slender, curved, ascending. Sepals 
and petals equal, small, ovate, acute, white or dull purple, 
with green tips ; lateral sepals connate. Lip broader than 
long ; lateral lobes small ; middle very large, almost reniform, 
membranous, glabrous, with smooth, entire edges, white, with 
purple blotches and three small calli at the base. Column 
short, white and purple. — J. D. H. 



Fig. 1. Column and lip. 2. Pollen ; both of Mr. Backhouse's specimen : — 
magnified. 3. Flower of Mr. Buller's specimen:— of the natural size. 



5709. 




WPitch, del etlith. 






Tab. 5709. 
LONICEBA Standishii. 

Standistis Honeysuckle. 



Nat. Ord. Caprieoliacejd.— Pentandbia Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calycis tubus ovoideus v. subglobosus, lirabus breyis, 5-den- 
tatus, deciduus v. persistens. Corolla tubulosa, infundibuliforrms v. cam- 
panulata, basi gibba v. sequalis, limbi 2-labiati obliqui v. ranus symmetnci 
lobi 5. Stamina 5, tubo corolla) inserta, antherae mclusse v. exserte. 
Ovarium 2-3-loculare ; stylus filiformis, stigmate capitato ; ovula in locuhs 
numerosa, angulo interiore 2-seriatim inserta. Bacca carnosa, 2-3-loculans, 
v.ob septa evanida 1-locularis, loculis oligospermis. Semina ovoidea v. 
oblonga, testa Crustacea.— Frutices erecti v. scandentes, hemisphatrii bore- 
alis incola, gemmis squamosis. Folia opposite, Integra vel ranus lobata. 
Flores in cymas v. capitida pedunculata dispositi. 



Loniceka Standishii; erecta, virgata, ramulis subflexuosis scaberuhs, setis 
retrorsis deciduis hispidis, foliis deciduis breviter petiolatis anguste 
ovato-oblongis oblongo-lanceolatisve acuminatis ciliatis superne gia- 
berrimis subtus secus nervos petioloque setulosis, pedunculis brevibus 
retrorsum bispidis 2-floris, bracteis lanceolato-subulatis, ovarns glaDris 
connatis, corolla alb* tubo brevi basi gibbo, limbi 2-labiati labus tubo 
multo longioribus, superiore quadrato -t-fido, inferiore anguste oblongo. 
omnibus obtusis. 



This charming, fragrant, early-flowering Honeysuckle has 
been for some time in cultivation in Europe, but hitherto it 
has borne no name in English gardens, except that m some 
places it has been confounded with the similarly fragrant 
L. brachypoda, Thunb., and L.fragrantissima, of Japan. M. 
Baillon, who has had the goodness to compare it with au- 
thentic specimens of L. brachypoda in Baron Delesserts her- 
barium at Paris, assures us that the two are quite different, 
and that the present is cultivated in France under the name 
of L. Standishii, which is supposed to have been given it b\ 
the late conductor of this Magazine. It hence appeared pro- 
bable that our plant was one of Mr. Fortune's Chinese intro- 
ductions, and, on application to Mr. Fortune, he inlorms 
us that it is common in gardens at Shanghae, and was sent 
home by him many years ago, and distributed by the Horti- 
cultural Society with L. fragrantissima. Whatever may be 



MAY 1st, 1868. 



the origin of the name Standishii, it is well applied in honour 
of the active and intelligent nurseryman to whom many of 
Mr. Fortune's rich Chinese collections were consigned. 

Descr. A twiggy, deciduous shrub, with flexuous, pale 
yellow-brown branches, covered with deciduous, reflexed 
bristles, that leave a papilla when they fall away, and are 
hence scabnd. Leaves three to five inches long, an inch to 
an inch and three-quarters broad, very shortly petioled, ovate- 
oblong or oblong-lanceolate, acuminate, rounded at the base, 
pale green, upper surface glabrous, margin ciliate, nerves 
prominent below and petiole hispid. Flowers in pairs, on 
short, curved, retrorsely hispid peduncles, white, very sweet- 
scented, one-fifth of an inch to half an inch long, ovaries 
connate ; calyx truncate. Corolla glabrous, with a short tube 
hat is gibbous at the base, limb two-lipped, lips longer than 
the tube; upper quadrate, cleft to the middle into four 
blunt lobes ; lower, of one narrow, oblong lobe. Stamens 
exserted. — J. L. H. 



Fig. 1. Peduncle and flower -.—magnified. 



37/0. 




Tab. 5710. 

CYMBIDIUM pendulum ; var. atro-purpurea. 

Pendulous Cymbidium, purple-flowered variety. 



Nat. Ord. Oechide^.— Gynandbia Monandria. 
Gen. Char. {Fide supra, Tab. 5457.) 



Cymbidium pendulum ; foliis ensiformibus distichis coriaceis oblique ob- 
tusis, racemis pendulis multifloris, bracteis minutis, floribus 2\ poll, 
diametro, sepalis petalisque subaequalibus lineari-oblongis obtusius- 
culis, labelli 3-lobi lobis lateralibus parvis acutis, intermedio ovato y. 
oblongo obtuso v. apiculato, disco lainellis 2 parallelis approximate 
mediocribus. Swartz, Nov. Act. Tips. v. 6. p. 73. Lindl. Bot. Beg. 
1860. t. 25. 

Var. atro-purpurea; sepalis petalisque extus flavo-viridibus intus atro-pur- 
pureis, labelli pallide purpureo-maculati lobo iutenoedio lateralibus 
triplo majore recurvo basi dilatato. 



There can, I think, be little doubt but that this fine plant 
is a form of C. pendulum, Swartz, a native of Singapore, 
Java, and the Philippine Islands, as well as of many parts 
of India proper, as the Himalaya and Khasia mountains, 
and those of the Western Peninsula. It flowered with 
Messrs. Rollison, of Tooting, in March of the present year, 
and was imported from the East Indian islands, probably Java, 
but this is, I understand, doubtful. The leaves were three 
feet in length, and spikes of two feet and a half, presenting 
a truly noble appearance, far surpassing any of the other 
varieties of the same species hitherto discovered. ^ allien s 
C. Finlaysonianum (Tab. n. 7358) seems hardly different from 
C. pendulum, and there are probably many other forms. 

Descr. Stems tufted. Leaves two to three feet long, equi- 
tant, and deeply grooved at the base, then ensiform, half an 
inch to three-quarters of an inch broad, keeled, very co- 
riaceous, obliquely obtuse at the apex, one half ending in 
an incurved tooth. Spike two feet long, lnx, pendulous. 
manv-flowered. Bracts very minute. Sepals and petals 
similar, an inch and a half to an inch and two-thirds long, 
linear-oblong, obtuse, coriaceous, externally dull yellow- 

«JHI 1st, 1868. 



green, internally intensely dark purple, with green edges 
at the tips. Lip recurved, shorter than the sepals ; lateral 
lobes small, acute, pale purple ; middle lobe broadly oblong- 
cordate, much larger, white tinged with rose-colour, and with 
a few purple spots; disk yellowish, with two narrow, ap- 
proximate, slender, parallel ridges. Column dark purple ; 
anther pale. — J. I). H. 



.77//. 




one - 



lift 



Vincent Br ooksJmp. 



Tab. 5711. 

EEANTHEMUM aspersum. 

Speckled-flo wered Eranthemum. 



Nat. Ord. Acanthace^.— Diandria Monogtnia. 
Gen. Char. (Fide supra, Tab. 5410.) 



Eranthemum punctulatum; fruticosum, glaberrimum, ramulis laevibus, folna 
petiolatis oblongo-ovatis obtusiusculis obscure repando-smuatis,cymis 
axillaribus breviter pedunculate foliia brevioribus multi-densinons, 
calycis puberuli lobis subulatis erectis corolla multo brevioribus co- 
rolla bvpocraterimorpha, tubo gracillimo polhcan albo, limbi plam 
lobis oblongs obtusis albis 4 superioribus disco excluso purpureo- 
punctulatis, inferiore majore disco sanguineo-purpureo margme punc- 
tulato, filamentis ciliatis, antheris oblongis obtusis. 



A remarkablv-beautiful stove shrub, sent from the Solomon 
Islands by Mr. John Veitch during his Australian voyage, and 
communicated to the Royal Gardens in 1867, without name, 
where it flowered fully in March of the present year. It appears 
undescribed, but is manifestly closely allied to & ^e" a ~ 
num (Tab. nost. 5467) and E. tuberculatum (Tab. nost. 54Uo). 
It differs remarkably from any species known to me m tlie 
very straight, slender corolla-tube, and white limb, curiously 
speckled with purple, all but one lip-like lobe which is 
almost wholly purple, giving the corolla-limb the appear- 
ance of an Orchid flower. , . 

Descr. Apparently a slender shrub, much branched gla- 
brous; stems and branches tetragonous. Leaves on short 
petioles, two to three inches long, ovate or ovate-oblong, 
subacute, obscurely sinuate, waved at the margin, dark green 
above, paler below; petioles a quarter to half an inch long. 
Cymes numerous, axillary, shorter than the leaves Pedmicles 
half an inch to an inch long, three- to five-flowered ; pedicel, 
very short, and, as well as the calyx, puberulous. Corolla-tube 
four or five times as long as the calyx, straight, very slender, 
white; limb flat, an inch to an inch and a quarter in its 
longest diameter, five-lobed; lobes oblong, obtuse, four upper 



June 1st, 1868. 



white, sprinkled with purple dots towards the margin, the 
two lateral rather larger and longer than the two upper; 
lower lobe largest, very deep blood-purple at the base and 
over the disk, the broad white margin speckled with purple. 
Stamens altogether included, filaments short, with a line of 
recurved hairs ; anthers linear-oblong, subacute, cells nearly 
equal. Ovary narrow oblong, on an annular disk; style 
slender, stigma minutely two-toothed. — J. D. H. 



Fig. 1. Stamens. 2. Calyx and style. 3. Ovary and disk -.—all magnified. 




-777?. 






Tab. 5712. 

OPHEYS insectifera; var. aranifera. 

Spider Ophrys. 



Nat. Ord. Orchid^e. — Gynaxdria Moxandria. 

Gen. Char. Sepala patentia, supremo fornicato v. galeato. Petala minora, 
patentia, linearia oblonga v. cordata. Lalellum columnae basi insertum, 
sessile, rigidum, planiusculum v. marginibus recurvis, carinatum v. lobatum. 
Columna brevis, aptera, antice fissa, 2-bursiculata. Anthera vertical's, 
mutica; pollinia caudiculis rectis, glandulis distinctis intra bursiculis re- 
conditis. — Herbae in Europa media et australi indigents, habitu Orchidis. 
Flores laxe spicati, labello varie picto. Fndl. 



Ophrys insectifera; sepalis oblongis lineari-oblongisve, petalis consimi- 
libus v. subcordatis multo minoribus, labello subquadrato-oblongo 
obscure lobato, columna rostrata. 

Ophrys insectifera. Linn. Sp. PI. vol. 2, 1343 (1765). Moggridge, Contri- 
butions to the Flora of Mentone, pi. 43. 

Var. aranifera ; petalis glabris plants viridibus, labello integro v. apice 
emarginato. 

Opurys insectifera, var. 8. Linn. Sp. PI. I.e. 

Ophrys aranifera. Huds. Fl. Angl. p. 392. Curt. Fl Lond. ed. 2. /. 07. 

Ophrys aranifera, var. apiculata. Reich. Ic. Fl. Germ. t. 465./ 2, 3. 



The receipt of a beautiful set of Ophrys bulbs, collected 
by our indefatigable correspondent T. Moggridge, Esq.. in 
the neighbourhood of Mentone, together with the advancing 
taste for the cultivation of terrestrial and especially spring- 
flowering Orchids, has induced me to figure what Linnaeus 
considered as the typical form of that group of Ophrys which 
includes the lesser and common Spider, the Bee, and the 
Drone, amongst British Orchids, and several other foreign 
ones, and which have been distinguished as good species by 
most succeeding authors. Mr. Moggridge has figured a 
series of these forms in his charming work, 'Contributions 
to the Flora of Mentone,' and, after carefully studying the 
structure and habits of an enormous series of specimens in a 
living state, and in a locality where they abound, he has 

nrm i ST , 1868. 



come to the conclusion that Linnaeus was right, whom he 
quotes as saying that they "seem at the first glance per- 
fectly distinct, but one who compares them with their con- 
geners, and has before him all the varieties at the same 
moment, will easily perceive them to be sprung from one 
stock, and will find no means by which he can distinguish 
them, however constant they may be." 

The interest of this subject is however by no means ex- 
hausted when this conclusion is arrived at ; on the contrary, 
in a philosophical point of view, it is vastly increased, for Mr. 
Moggridge has, with great acuteness, observed some very cu- 
rious facts connecting the various forms of flowers with their 
seasons of coming into flower, showing " the intimate con- 
nection which exists between the sequence in which each 
variety flowers, and its approximation to one of the extreme 
forms ;" a sequence which, he goes on to say, he " cannot 
regard as fortuitous," but is rather " led to surmise that laws 
new to me are here in operation." The different varieties 
occupy no less than five months in flowering ; the plant 
here figured (0. aranifera) commences the series, flowering 
in December at Mentone (at Kew in February), whilst the 
last to flower is the 0. apifera (our Bee-Orchis), which there 
appears in April, but with us in June. 

For further particulars I must refer to Mr. Moggeridge's 
excellent work, and can only hope that, with extended oppor- 
tunities, he will be able to clear up the whole question of the 
origin and interdependence of the principal forms of Ophrys. 
—J. I). II. 



57]P>. 




W Fitch, del .etlith. 



Vincen- 



Tab. 5713. 

STROPHAOTHUS Capensis. 

South African Strophanthus. 



Nat. Ord. Apocyne,e. — Pentandkia Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx 5-partitus, lobis intus basi glandulosis. Corolla in- 
fundibuliformi-campanulata, lobis 5 longissime ligulatis v. lineari-subulatis, 
sinistrorsum convolutis, ore corona 10-cornuta cincto. Stamina basi 
fauce corollae inserta, filamentis crassiusculis tubo adnatis ; antherce sagit- 
tate, apice mucronatas v. appendiculatae. Ovarii carpella 2, subglobosa; 
stylus cylindricus, stigraate capitato v. oblongo. Folliculi crassi, obtusi, 
polyspermi. Semina oblonga, compressa, carnosa. — Frutices erecti v. sar- 
mentosi Africani et Asiatici. Folia opposita et 3-natim verticillata, inte- 
(/errima. Flores majusculi, in cymas terminales dispositi, flavi rubri v. 
virides. 



Steophanthus Capensis; scandens, foliis 3-uatim verticillatis, oblongo- 
v. obovato-lauceolatis acutis glaberrimis marginibus recurvis, cymis 
4-6-floris, pedicellis bracteas excedentibus, sepalis subulato-lanceolatis, 
glandulis calycinis 7-10 erectis, corolla flava, lobis basi aurnntiacis, 
antheris pilosis appendice subulata pilosa terminatis, stigmate mitn- 
formi. 

Strophanthus Capensis. Alpn. DC. Prodr. v. 8. p. 419. 



A very handsome South African shrub, of which there are 
native specimens in the Kew Herbarium, collected, in January 
of the present year, by Mrs. Henry Hutton, of Bedford, in the 
Kaga-berg forest, where it forms a lofty climber, at eleva- 
tions of about 5000 feet above the sea. These arrived at 
Kew almost at the same time as the living specimens here 
figured, which I owe to Mr. Veitch, with whom the plant 
flowered in April. It is a very handsome evergreen climber, 
admirably suited for a conservatory wall or pillar, and for 
which, it may be safely predicted that it will prove a valuable 
acquisition. The calyx-lobes of the native specimens are 
considerably larger than those of the cultivated, but I find 
no other difference whatever between them. 

Descr. A lofty, evergreen, leafy, dark green, glabrous 
climber. Leaves close-set, two to three inches long, hall to 

■IVNK I NT, 1SC.S. 



two-thirds of an incli broad, shortly petioled, oblong- or 
obovate-lanceolate, attenuated towards the base, acute, paler 
beneath, quite entire. Cymes terminal, about as long as 
the leaves, four- to six-flowered ; bracts subulate-lanceolate, 
shorter than the pedicels. Calyx-lobes variable in size, subu- 
late-lanceolate, erecto-patent ; glands about ten, erect, ligu- 
late, unequal in size. Corolla bright yellow, with dark 
orange spots at the base of the lobes ; tube and throat half 
an inch long ; lobes an inch to an inch and a half, ligulate 
from a broad base ; throat campanulate, with five bifid scales 
united into a tube, which surrounds the mouth. Anthers 
pilose, and having a pilose terminal appendix. Style stout ; 
stigma mitriform. — <7. 1). H. 



Fig. 1. Corolla, laid open. 2. Stamen. 3. Calyx and style. 4. Glands 
of calyx and pistil : — all magnified. 



5714. 




Vincent Broota.Da.y fcSar.Tn 



Tab. 5714 

EEYTHEONIUM giganteum. 

Gigantic Erythronium. 



Nat. Ord. Liltace;e. — Hexandeia Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Perianthium corollinum, persistens, late campanulatum, 
6-phyllum ; foliolis subwqualibus, interioribus basi callosis. Stamina 6, 
3 interiora hypogyna, 3 exteriora basi f'oliolorum adha?rentia. Ovarium 
brevissime stipitatum, 3-loculare ; stylus terminalis, stigmate 3-lobo v. 
3-partito ; ovula in loculis numerosa, 2-seriata. Capsula 3-gona, 3-locu- 
laris, polysperma. Semina ovoidea, inversa, testa fusca; chalaza terminali, 
caudieula basi tumida instnicta; embryo minimus. — Herbae bulbosa, sub- 
acaules, scapiqerce, in Europa et Asia media et America boreali indigent. 
Folia scepius 2-na. Scapus l-S-Jlorus ; floribus majusculis nutantibus. 



Ebytheoniuh giganteum ; foliis 2 amplis obovato-oblongis obtusis fusco- 
maculatis, sc'apo elato 2-3-floro, floribus 3 unc. diam. albis, petalis 
ovato-lanceolatis, lamina alba, ungue aureo et aurantiaco fasciato, 
antberis flavis, stigmatis lobis subelongatis. 

Eeytheonium giganteum. Lindl. in Bot. Beg. v. 21. sub t. 1786. Kuntfi, 
Enum. v. 4. p. 219. 

Eettheonium grandiflorum, var. y. albiflorum. Hook. Fl. Bor. Am. r. 11. 
p. 182. 



This is by far the handsomest species or variety of Erf' 
thronium hitherto introduced into this country. It is a na- 
tive of North-west America, and was communicated from the 
Edinburgh Botanic Garden in April of the present year. 1 
have had some difficulty in determining what name it should 
bear, the Herbarium specimens of the West American forms 
of the genus (E. grandiflorum, Pursh, E. giganteum, Lindl, 
and E. rewlutum, Sm.) being utterly indistinguishable in a 
dry state ; and their published characters being founded on 
the colour of the flowers,— white, yellow, and purple— they 
have been all reduced, and, I suspect, very properly, to one 
species, in the ' Flora Boreali-Americana.' 

E. giganteum was discovered by Douglas, who does not 
notice the colour of the flower, nor does Lindley, in his 
diagnosis of it above quoted. They would appear to be 
white in Douglas's own specimens preserved in the Hook- 

june 1st, 1868. 



erian Herbarium, but in tbe ' Flora Boreali-Americana ' they 
are stated to be yellow ; and another variety is noticed as 
having white flowers (viz. 8. albiflorum), to which the present 
plant no doubt belongs. From some observations by Burke in 
the Hookerian Herbarium, it would appear that the species 
or forms of West American Erythremia retain their colours 
over considerable areas, and that they are at least constant 
races, whence for horticultural purposes the present will, no 
doubt, bear a specific name. 

DfiSCR. A tall herb, one to two feet high. Leaves five 
to eight inches long, oblong-obovate, obtuse, dark green, 
blotched with dark brown. Scapes two- to four-flowered; 
peduncles one to two and a half inches long. Flowers two 
to three inches in diameter. Petals, with the limb, white, 
the claw green on the back, in front golden-yellow, with an 
irregular, transverse, orange-yellow band. Stigma with three 
slender recurved lobes.— J". I). II 



Fig. 1. Petal. 2. Pistil. 3. Transverse section of ovary -.—all magnified. 



5715. 




W Etch, del et Mi. 



Vincent Brooks Da,y&Son.Imp- 



Tab. 5715. 

STOBiEA SPMROCEPHALA. 

Mound-headed Stobcea. 



Nat. Ord. Composite. — Synge:ntesia Supekflea. 

Gen. Char. Capitula multiflora, v. discoidea floribus omnibus tubulosis 
et hermaphroditis, v. radiata floribus radii neutris. Involucri squamae 
multiseriata?, basi concretae dein spinescentes, marginibus spinulosis. Ee- 
ceptaculum profunde alveolatum, alveolis fimbrilliferis v. setiferis. Fila- 
menta lzevia. Pappi seta? aequales v. insequales v. in coronam concreta?. 
Achania turbinata v. obpyramidata, sulcata, sa?pe alveolis receptacuh 1m- 
mersa. — Herba? habitu Carduaceae, Gapenses, glabra araneosa v. lanatcs. 
Folia alterna, scepissime pinnatifido-lobata. Capitula ramos terminantia, 
Jlava, rarius purpurea. 



SfOB.EA sphcerocepJiala; herbacea, erecta, ramosa, laxe araneosa, caule alato, 
alis spinulosis, foliis radicalibus lanceolatis pinnatifidis spinuloso-den- 
tatis ciliatisve, demum glabratis lobis rotundatis, caulims longe decur- 
rentibus, capitulis corymbosis globosis discoideis, mvolucro disco 
multo breviore, squamis angustis marginibus 1-2 spiuulosis, recep- 
tacuh squamis acicularibus, pappi squamis brevibus in coronam char- 
taceam irregulariter fissam connatis, achaeniis glabernmis. 

Stob^a sphferocephala. DC. Prodr. v. 6. p. 518. Harv. et Sond. Fl. Cap. 
v. 8. p. 490. 



The Cape genus Stobcea consists of no less than forty-three 
species of for the most part handsome golden-flowered thistle- 
like plants, well adapted for the open border, but of which 
the present is the first that has ever been cultivated and 
figured in this country. It was raised from seeds sent by 
our excellent correspondent Henry Hutton, Esq., of Bedford, 
South Africa, and flowered in the open air in September, 
1864. 

Descr. A stout, erect, branching herb, two to three teet 
high, loosely covered with cobwebby down. Branches 
broadly winged, with the green, spinous, decurrent bases ot 
the leaves and bracts. Badical leaves eight to ten inches 
long, lanceolate, narrowed to the base, deeply sinuato-pinna- 
tifid, the lobes broad, rounded, spinous-toothed cobwebby 
below, glabrous above, and often spinulose on the surface : 

June 1st, 1868. 



cauline leaves much smaller, spinulose. Heads an inch to an 
inch and a quarter in diameter, golden-yellow. Imolucral 
scales connate at the base, the free portion spreading, re- 
flexed, spinulose at the apex and margin, green, cobwebby. 
Receptacle scales all acicular. Flowers all tubular, much 
longer than the involucre; tube curved, puberulous ; limb 
of Ave narrow spreading lobes. Anthers long, connate; 
filaments glabrous. Style arms recurved, linear, papillose. 
Achene glabrous ; pappus hairs connate into a short, stiff', 
irregularly-cleft annulus. — J. I). H. 



Fig 1. Fbret and receptacle seta. 2. Achene and pappus. 3. Arms, 
of style -.—all magnified. 



,1116. 




' i\ 






Tab. 5716. 

agave dasylibioides. 
Dasylirion-like Agave. 



Nat. Ord. Amakyilideji. — Hexandria Moistogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Fide supra, Tab. 5333.) 



Agate dasylirioides ; acaulis, foliis uumerosissimis coriaceis auguste ensi- 
formibus pateuti-recurvis longe attenuato-acuminatis marginibus pec- 
tinatim serrulatis utrinque convexiusculis pallide glauco-viridibus 
striolatis, scapo longissimo, parte nudo suberecto bracteis uumerosis- 
simis falcato-secundis crinito, parte florifero elongato dependente, spiea 
densissima cylindrica, floribus 2-nis viridibus, perianthio subcampanu- 
iato 6-lobo, lobis brevibus obtusis, stamiuibus strietis periantbio cum 
ovario a3quilougis, antheris brunneis. 

Agave dasylirioides. Jaqbbi et Bouche in Hamburg Gartcnzeit. v. 21. p. 
314, et v. 22. p. 269. 



The noble Agave here figured has been a very conspicu- 
ous plant in the conservatory of the Kegent's Park Botanic 
Gardens, where it has flowered three times, on each occasion 
presenting the same remarkable appearance that our draw- 
ing conveys. Mr. Sowerby informs me that it was raised 
from a packet of seeds sent from Mexico about twenty-five 
years ago, amongst which seeds were also those of the Fovr- 
croija longcew, figured in this Magazine (Tab. 5519). This 
Agave first flowered in about 1860, and again in 1864, and 
lastly in January of the present year; on each occasion the 
old head died away, and a new one formed at its base. For 
the reduced drawing of the entire plant here given, I am in- 
debted to a lady friend of Mr. Sowerby's. The leaves were 
three and a half to four feet long, the flower-stem ten feet 
and a half high, and the crowded sickle-shaped, one-sided 
bracts on which produced a no less remarkable appearance 
than the pendulous habit of the floriferous parts. My 
authority for the specific name of <la.y/i 'irioiflcs is General 
Jacobi, who says that the same species is cultivated in the 
Vienna Botanic Garden. Koch, however, considers it the 



Ji i.v 1st. 1868. 



same with A. dealbata, Lemaire, a plant I have no means of 
comparing it with. 

Descr. Stem in our specimen very short or none. Leaves 
three and a half to four feet long, very numerous, the central 
erect, the others recurved, narrow ensiform, an inch to an 
inch and a half broad, rather convex on both surfaces, 
sharply but minutely pectinately toothed, dull glaucous- 
green, striated. Scape ten and a half feet long, flowering 
portion sharply recurved, and quite pendulous; lower part 
most densely clothed with subulate, ensiform, curved, falcate, 
secund bracts. Bracts all similar, and with a similar curva- 
ture, the lowest one foot long, the upper gradually smaller. 
Inflorescence a very dense, cylindric, pendulous spike, five 
feet long, green, dotted with the brown anthers. Floivering- 
bracts subulate, longer than the flowers. Flowers sessile, 
pale green, in pairs, an inch and three-quarters long, exclu- 
sive of the stamens; ovary cylindric, rather shorter than the 
campanulate, six-cleft perianth, whose lobes are short, ob- 
tuse, concave, and nerveless. Filaments as long as the 
flowers, stout, strict; anthers linear-oblong, bright red-brown. 
—J.D.H. 



Pig. 1. Portion of scape and bracts. 2. Upper portion of leaf. 
Margin of leaf. 4. Flowers. 5. Transverse section of ovarv :— all 



3. 

but 
3 and 4 of the natural size. 



.5777. 




"W Fitch, Met lith 



Vincent Brooks, D ay h Son, Imp. 



Tab. 5717. 

ABUTILON VEXILLAKJUM. 

Standard-floivered Abutilon. 



Nat. Orel. Malvaceae. — Monadelphia Polyandkia. 
Of ,i. Char. (Fide supra, Tab. 4840.) 



Abutilon vexittarium ; frutex glaber, ramis gracilibus, foliis gracile petio- 
latia cordato-lanceolatis grosse serrato-dentatis venosis, stipulis sub- 
foliaceis oblongis pauci-dentatis lobulatisve, floribus axillaribus solitariis 
gracillime pedicellatis pendalis, calyce ampullaceo rubro 5-alato breviter 
5-fido, lobis triangularibus acumiuatis, corollas tubo calyce incluso, 
lobis stramiueis exsertis ovatis acutis, antheris numerosisaimis exsertis , 
multiseriatis in conum oblongura confertis stigraatibusque purpureis. 

Abutilon vexillarium. Morren in Belt/. Hortic. Octnh. 1864, p. 289./ 1G. 
ex Lemaire, lllustr. Hortic. t. 432. 

Sid a Leopoldi, Sort. 



A most elegant warm greenhouse plant, published first by 
Morren in 1864, but of which the native country, though 
said to be South America, seems to be entirely unknown ; 
and there are no native specimens in the Herbaria at Kew. 
It flowered in the Palm House of Kew in March of the pre- 
sent year, and had a most attractive appearance, from its grace- 
ful habit, and the vivid contrast of the red calyx and sulphur- 
coloured corolla. 

Desck. A very slender, graceful, glabrous shrub. Branches 
spreading, leafy. Leaves almost pendulous from the very 
slender, spreading petioles, two to three inches long, cordate- 
lanceolate, coarsely toothed, bright green above, paler below. 
Stipules persistent,' oblong, obtuse or acute, irregularly lobu- 
late or toothed. Flowers numerous, solitary from the axils 
of the leaves, pendulous from very slender pedicels an inch 
long. Calyx one inch long, narrow flagon-shaped, bright red, 
obtuse at ^he base, narrowly five-winged, with five short, 
acute, triangular teeth. CoroUa-tnbe enclosed 11^ the calyx- 
tube; lobes short, exserted, twisted, ovate-acuminate, pale 
sulphur-coloured. Staminal tube very slender, twisted: 

July 1st, ISGS. 



anthers small, very numerous, collected in an oblong- cone, 
purple. Styles five; stigmas minute, capitate, purple. 
J. B. H. 



Fig. 1. Longitudinal section of the flower : — mag\ 



5718. 




W. fitch, delet Mi. 



Vincent Brooks. liay&Son, fop. 



Tab. 5718. 

NASONIA PUNCTATA. 

Cinnabar-red Nasonia. 



Nat. Ord. Orchide^:. — GtTNandria Moxandria. 

Gen. Char. Sepala patentia, lateralia connata. Petala conformia, ©qualia. 

Lahellum liberum, cum pede paulo producto columns articulatum, medio 
constrictum et appendiculatum. Colwmna erecta, basi teres; clmandrio 
elongato erecto, margine petaloideo cincto. Anthera uniloculars, apice 
longTssima cum columna parallela ideoque decurva. PoJhnia 2 solida, 
aphserica, caudicute longissimae diaphanse subulatse apice aflisa ; glanduJa 
ovata. Rostellum breve, 2-fidum. Ovarium 3-quetrum.— Herbse Austro- 
Americanse, parvulat, epiphytic*, ramose, folios*. Folia conacea,disticha. 
Elores pedicellati. arillores, pro planta majmculi.—Lindl. in PI. Hartweg. 



Nasonia punctata ; foliis |-pollicaribus oblongo-lanceolatis acutis amnatiB, 
floribus subsolitariis cinnabarinis, sepalis petahsque subcontormibus 
oblongis obtusis, labello sepalis breviore late obovato subcuueato 
retuso v. transverse oblougo flavo basi scutellato scutello sub lobo 
parvo aurantiaco, column® alls irregulanter lobato-dentatis. 

A very pretty little Orchid, discovered by Hartweg in the 
mountains of El Sisme in Peru, and called by ^ m f e J^: 
punctata, from the dark spots seen on the perianth ot dried 
specimens, which are of a very pale colour, quite unlike the 
vivid red of the living plant. The specimen here fagured 
flowered with Messrs. Veitch in April of the present year 
and was called N. cinnabarina; the latter is a plant described 
by Reichenbach fil. in the 'Gardeners Chronicle, 1867, 
p. 544, as having been imported by Linden; I can, howew, 
find no difference, except the above-mentioned one, ot colon 
of flower, between Veitch's and the original specimens ot 

1W," K* tufted, three to five inches long, rather stout, 
leafy throughout above the rooting portion. Leaves msu- 
chons. half to two-thirds of an inch long spreading ,* ith 
short, broad sheaths that clasp the stem; hmb JO in tec 1 o n 
the sheath, oblong-lanceolate, acute, keeled. Flowers axil- 
lary, pedicelled, solitary, nearly an inch long across th< 
july 1st. 1SGS. 



sepals ; pedicel shorter than the leaves, with short bracts on 
the middle ; ovary three-winged. Sepals and petals cinnabar- 
red ; upper sepal oblong, obtuse, somewhat recurved ; lateral 
joined nearly to their apices, also slightly recurved, their free 
parts short, subacute. Petals projected forward, like the 
upper sepal, rather conniving. Lip much shorter than the 
sepals, broadly obovate-cuneate, retuse, yellow, with a two- 
lobed shield of a bright orange colour at the base. Wings 
of the column dilated, irregularly cut and toothed. — J. I). H. 



Fig. 1. Leaf. 2. Flower with petals and sepals removed. 3. Lip and 
column. 4. Lip. 5. Column. 6. Anther. 7 and 8. Polliilia -.—all mag- 
nified. 



5719. 




Vincent Brooks, Dayman, Imp 



Tab. 5719. 
P^ONIA Emodi. 

Himalayan Peony. 

Nat. Ord. Eanuncula.ce j..— Polyjjtobia Polygyria. 

Gen. Char. Sepala 5, herbacea, persistentia. Petala 5-10, omnpjcua, 
lata, efoveolata. Carpella 1-5, multiovulata, disco carnoso cmcta, maturi- 
tate coriacea, folliculatim dehisccntia. Semina magna, albumme carnoso. 
— Herbxe, radice caudiciformi perennes, v. caules ramosipus minus lir/nosi. 
Folia alterna, ampla, pinnatim dissecta v. composita. 1 lores specwsi, pn>- 
purei albi v. rubri. 

P^onia Emodi; herbacea, foliis ternatim sectis ute jf^^?^^" 
dibus lucidiB, floribus subpaniculatis albis, carpello sohtano tomento 8 o. 

Pjeonia Einodi. Wall. Cat. n. 4727. Boyle, III. p. 57. 

P. officinalis. Rook.f. et Thorns. Fl. Indica,p. 60. 



The herbaceous Peonies comprehend a group of variable 
plants, about whose specific distinctions naturalists are little 
likely to be of one mind. In the Herbarium they are ^dis- 
tinguishable specifically; in the garden a certain number 
differ, apparently permanently, by characters of most unequal 
value In the 'Flora Indica' Dr. Thomson and I referred 
the Himalayan Peonies to forms of P. officimH-^ conclu- 
sion little acceptable to some botanists, and not at al to 
gardeners. On reviewing the subject apropos to he present 
plant, I see no reason to alter my opinion that, ^compared 
with he species of many other genera, the Himalayan jmes 
may well be referred to forms or varieties of the European 
but as they differ greatly in habit, colour, and tho e qua hues 
that render them worthy of cultivation as weU J* m ^some 
other points of a little more moment, I here keep one atany 
rate distinct This is the P. Emodi of Walhch, a — 
temperate Himalayan plant from Kumaon to Kas^w^ 
is easily recognized by its slender habit, white^ "^mdfld 
flowers and solitary tomentose carpel; in f 1 ^^)^ 
of a solitary tomentose carpel, it differ. ; from * <*^ 
Willd. (Ta^Nostr. 1756), of Siberia and |^ ^mentose 
carpel alone from a Kashmir one-carpelled plant, hitherto not 



.ii i,y 1st, 1868. 



distinguished from this, and which, therefore, differs from P 
albiflora in the solitary carpel alone. 

The P. Emodi was flowered, in the open air in May of the 
present year, at Glasnevin Gardens by Dr. Moore, F.L.S., who 
says of it that it is the most distinct of all the' herbaceous 
1 eonies, several of the flowers expanding together on the 
same stem, and being always monogynous. It is more tender 
than any other herbaceous species, and appears above ground 
a month earlier than these do.— J. I). H. 



Tig. 1. Disk and ovarv. 2. Stamen -.—both magnified. 



57 W. 




•r.,dalet,litK. 



A/lucent Brc 



Tab. 5720. 
PHAEBITIS Nil; var. limbata. 
White-edged Pharbitis. 

Nat. Ord. Convolvulace^.— Pentandbia Mokogysja. 

Gen. Char. Calyx 5-partitus. Corolla campanulata v. infundibuliformi- 
campanulata. Stamina inclusa. Ovarium 3- rarius 4-loculare ; stylus fih- 
tbrniis, inclusus, stiginate capitellato 2-lobo ; ovula in locuhs 2.— Herbs 
volubiles, caule elongato. Folia integra v. lobata. 



Phaebitis Nil; caule retrorsim piloso, foliis cordatis 3-lobis lobo inter- 
medio basi dilatato, petiolis longiusculis, pedunculw 2-3-nons petiolo 
brevioribus longioribusve, sepalis elongato-subulato-lanceolatis erectis 
dein lente recurvis longe acuminatis, corolla ampla. Choisy m "< 
Prodr. v. 9. p. 343. 

Var. limbata ; corolla violacea, albo-marglnata. 

Phaebitis albo-marginata. Lin dl. in Journ. Hort. Soc.v. 5. p. 33. Hen- 
frey in Card. Mag. Bot. v. 2. p. 217, cum ic. ; Flore des Sevres, t. 
608; Lemaire, Jardin Fleuriste, t. 97. 



The most beautiful plant here figured was raised from 
seeds collected in North Australia, and sent by Dr. Mueller 
to Kew, where it flowered in a stove in May of the presen 
year. Pharbitis Nil itself is an extremely common tropica 
weed, so widely distributed, that it is difficult now to say oi 
what country it is a native. The variety alMmbata was 
originally imported from Java by Messrs. Ro lisson, oi loot- 
ing, and is probably not uncommon in the East Indian 
Islands; it was considered a good species by Lindley, but 
more correctly referred by Henfrey to P. M, from which it 
differs only in the colour of the flowers. So many Malayan 
island plants, and especially annuals, are also North Austra- 
lian, that its appearance in the latter country is not extra- 

T lS. A slender, twining annual. Stems hispid with 
retrorse hairs. Leaves on rather slender hairy petioles, two 
inches and a half to four inches long, cordate three-lobed, 
the lobes broad, the middle one broadest and acuminate. 
Peduncles variable in length, one- to three-flowered, hispid. 

JTJLT 1st, 1868. 



&' 



Flowers bibracteate. Calyx-lobes green, one inch lon^ 
hispid. Corolla two inches long; tube pale rose-purple; 
limb two inches and a half in diameter, of a deep violet- 
purple edged with white. Stamens included, filaments 
slender, hairy at the base; anthers rather short. Ovary 
short; style slender; stigma small, capitate, lobed, granu- 
late.— J. D. H. 



Fig. 1. Ovary, dink, style, and stigma. 2. Stamen —both magnified. 



'>727 




W Fitch dfil.ethth. 



Vincent Brocks, Da.y &.S< 



Tab. 5721. 

pleroma maceanthum. 

Large-flowered Pleroma. 



Nat. Ord. Melastohace^:. — Decandbia Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calycis tubus paleaceus strigosus v. hirsutus; lobi persistentes 
v. decidui. Petala 5, obovata, sa;pe insequilatera et retusa. Stamina 10, 
aequalia v. subaequalia, filamentis glabris pilosis v. glandulosis ; authera; 
consimiles, arcuatse, connective) basi producto antice 2-tuberculato. Ovarium 
liberum v. costis calyci adnatum, vertice hispidum, 5-loculare; stylus curvus, 
stigmate punctifbrmi. Capsula 5-valvis, calyce inclusa. Semina cochleata. 
— Frutices v. suftrutices, rarius herbae, seepius hispiduli. Folia petiolata, 
coriacea, S~7-nervia. Flores scepissime in paniculas 3-chotomas dispositi, 
ampli, violacei v. purpurei, calyce scepe bracteis involucrato. 



Pleeoma macranthum ; frutieosura, erectura, pubescens, foliis petiolatis ova- 
tis oblongo-ovatisve acuminatis minute denticulatis 5-nerviis superne 
rugulosis, floribus terminalibus subsolitariis amplissimis, calycis tubo 
ovoideo lobis ovato-lanceolatis acuminatis, petalis obovato-obcordatis 
violaceis subapiculatis, filamentis 10 styloque pilosis. 

Lasiandba macrantha. Seem, in Journ. Bot. v, 2. p. 361. t. 83*9. 



This magnificent plant was discovered by M. Libon in the 
province of St. Catherine, Brazil, and introduced from thence 
by Mr. J. Linden into his garden at Brussels, where it 
flowered in 1864. For the specimen here figured I am in- 
debted to Mr. Bull, of Chelsea, who flowered it in April of 
the present year. For size and vividness of colour, this cer- 
tainly is the finest flowered of all Melastomacea, and that it 
is both easy of cultivation and a free flowerer is shown by 
Mr. Bull's plants of five inches high bearing six or seven 
flowers and buds ; his largest plants were four feet high, and 
had leaves four inches long. 

Descr. A pubescent branched shrub, four feet high and 
upwards. Branches terete. Leaves opposite, petioled, two 
to four inches long, ovate or oblong-ovate, acuminate, mi- 
nutely denticulate, five-nerved, rugose with closely anasto- 
mosing veins, vivid green above, pale below. Flotcer soh- 

AUGU8T 1st, 1868. 



tary, terminal or three together towards the ends of the 
branchlet — one terminal and two in the axils of the upper- 
most leaves, shortly pedicelled, five inches in diameter. Ca- 
lyx-tithe ovoid, densely pubescent ; lobes five, large, spreading, 
ovate-lanceolate; bracts two, orbicular, concave, enclosing 
the calyx-tube. Petals deep violet above, more purple be- 
neath, obovate-obcordate, retuse with a short broad apiculus, 
glabrous. Stamens deep purple ; anthers with small pores ; 
filaments pubescent, glandular here and there. Style slender, 
pilose. — J. D. H. 



Fig. 1. Stamen. 2. Ovary and calyx. 3, Vertical section of ovary. 
4. Transverse section of ovary : — all magnified. 



5722. 




W. ntch, cLel.etlith 



■WnoentBrodkB.Day&: 



Tab. 5722. 

PEIONIUM Palmita. 

South African Palmite. 



Nat. Ord. Junce^.— Hexandbia Monogtnia. 

Gen. Char. Perianthium glumaceum, 6-pbyllum, foliolis subaequilongis, 
2 exterioribus suboppositis carinatis, ceteris dorso coriaceis. Mamma b, 
hypogyna, periantbii foliolis opposita. Ovarium liberum, 3-loculare ; 
stylus 0, stigmatibus 3 recurvis ; ovula pauca, infra medium loculorum 
iuserta, ascendentia. Capsula 3-locularis, locuhcide 3-valvis loculis 1- 
spermis. Semina oblonga, ascendentia, testa laxa cellulosa, albumine car- 
noso ; embryo in axi albuminis clavatus, ejusdem longitudinis v. diimdio 
brevior.— Fmtex Capensis, fluviatilis, caudicibus fastigiatis hgnosis elon- 
gatis reliquiis foliorum vetustorum vestitis. Folia versus apices ramulormn 
conferta, elonaafo-ensiformia, marginibus carinaque spinuUso-serratis. 
Flores parvi, in vaniculam ramosam terminalem erectam strictam disposm. 



Prionium Palmita. E. Meyer in Linnaea, ©.7.J>.131j Kunth, En. PI 

v. 3. p. 315 ; Hook. Lond. Journ. Pot. v. 9. p. 173. t. 4. 
Juncus serratus. Thunb. Prodr.p. 66. 



The Palmite of the South African rivers is one of the 
most curious plants hitherto introduced into cultivation 
having the flower of a Juncus, the habit of a Pineapple, and 
inhabiting running streams in such masses, that the matted 
stems often form a sort of floating bridge, capable ot sup- 
porting a man. The plant is, further, of considerable com^ 
mercial importance from the fibrous matter of the bases oi 
the leaves, which is used for brushes and brooms; the finei 
fibres of die middle and upper part of the leaf have also been 
used as a textile material. • . , , , 

For living specimens the Royal Gardens are indebted to 
Messrs. Haage and Schmidt, of Erfurt, from whom it was 
received in 1857 ; but, though treated in various ways, it 
never flowered till the present year, when a plant m. the suc- 
culent house threw out a panicle four feet long, it was 
grown in a pot, which stood in a pan of water, in which it nas 
succeeded better than in a water-tank. 



AUGUST 1st, 186S. 



The following are Burchell's descriptions of the appear- 
ance of the plant in its native rivers, extracted from his 
'Travels in Southern Africa 1 (v. 1, p. 89): — " We soon after 
crossed the Palmiet river, whose waters were of a brown 
colour, resembling coffee, but clear and wholesome. The 
Boers believe this brownness to be caused by the great quan- 
tity of Palmiet that grows everywhere in these streams, but 
I have observed them to be thus coloured before they reach 
the foot of the mountains, and far above where the Palmiet 
begins to grow." And again, p. 91, " Most of the rivers we 
passed in this excursion are choked up with this plant. 
Some notion of their appearance may be gathered by imagi- 
ning a vast number of Pineapple plants, without fruit, so 
thickly crowded together as to cover the sides and even the 
middle of the stream, standing seldom higher than three to 
four feet above the surface, but generally under water when 
the river swells above its ordinary height : they have much 
the growth of Dragon-trees, or of some Palms." Again, p. 
139, t; The ford, which had rather the appearance of a cave, 
led us through the tall, thick Palmite, with which the river 
was in this part so choked up, that its waters seemed as if 
struggling to find a passage between the stems. It would 
be very unsafe, without great care, for a traveller to ford a 
river of this kind ; for should he, by the force of the stream, 
be earned into the Palmites, he might find the greatest diffi- 
culty m extricating himself or his horse from amongst the 
entangled branches."— J. D. H. 



1% 1. Whole plant -.—reduced. 2. Branch of panicle. 3. Leaf. 4. 
I'icmer. 5. Ovary. 6. Transverse section of ovary. 7. Capsule -.—all 
but 2 and 8 magnified. J * 



5723. 




"Vincent Brooks, lay.* 



Tab. 5723. 
NANODES Medusa. 

Medusas-head Orchid. 



Nat. Ord. OrCHIDE*!.— GrYNAITDRIA Moitandria. 

Gen. Char. Sepala ringentia, posticuin fornicatum, lateralia labello sub- 
opposita eique basi connate. Petala sepalis lateralibus subeonformia et 
suDparallela, libera. Labellum cum columna connatum, carnosum, indivi- 
BUm. Columna clmandrio alato. Anthem 2-locularis, rostrata. Pollinia 4 
compressa, collateralia, in caudicula orate oblonga v. lineari sessilia — 
iierbse ISrasilienses et Novae (Jranadae incolce, epiphyte, caulescentes 'hu- 
miles, crespitosa. Folia disticha, vaginantia, brevia, approximata. Flores 
apices versus caulis axillares, solitarii. 



ft anodes Medusa; caulibus crassis pendulis pedalibus, foliis 3-pollicari- 
bus oblongis obtusis apice insequaliter 2-lobis, floribus magnis, sepalis 
petalisque subaequalibus lineari-oblongis acutis fusco-viridibus, labello 
maximo orbiculato apice 2-lobo basi cordato 2-lobo ambitu profunde 
nmbriato luride purpureo, pollinis caudicula lineari-oblonga. 

N anodes Medusae. Reichb.fL in Gard. Chron. 1867. _p. 432. 



Amongst the many bizarre flowers which Orchidea present, 
few are more singular than this Nanodes, to which Mr. 
Reichenbach has most felicitously given the specific name of 
Medusa. Altogether the flattened, stout culms, and the 
pale glaucous colour of the foliage, and the extraordinary 
appearance and lurid purple of the flower, give it a most 
sinister appearance, and, for an Orchid, a most unusual one. 
I follow my learned friend Professor Eeichenbach in refer- 
ring it to Nanodes, from Lindley's meagre description of 
which genus it differs in the upper sepal not being arched. 
It is a native of Ecuador, introduced by Messrs. Backhouse, 
of York, and was flowered by the celebrated Orchid-grower, 
Mr. Day, of Tottenham. 

Descb. Epiphytical. Stems densely tufted, pendent, branched 

ire-m the base, a foot long, terete at the base, thence covered 

densely with the imbricating flattened leaf-sheaths, which 

fcre as broad as the thumb. Leaves distichous ; blade two to 

auuust 1st, 1868. 



four inches long, linear-oblong, an inch to an inch and a 
quarter broad, curved, unequally two-lobed at the apex, semi- 
amplexicaul at the base where it joins the sheath, margins 
recurved, keeled, obscurely striate, very pale glaucous-green. 
Floivers leathery in consistence, one or two axillary at the 
ends of the branches, two inches and a half in diameter, very 
shortly pedicelled, flat, as if vertically compressed. Sepals 
and petals nearly equal and similar, linear-oblong, green, 
tinged and edged with faint red-purple ; upper sepal reflexed ; 
petals rather twisted. Lip very large, orbicular, bifid at the 
apex, two-lobed and embracing the top of the column at the 
base, margin deeply cut into spreading, flexuous, subulate 
fimbriae, dull purple, dirty green on the disk. Column green, 
truncate. Pollen-masses at the top of a ligulate caudicle, 
with an intervening glandular mass. — J. T). H. 



Fig. 1, Lateral, 2, anterior, and 3, posterior view of column. 4 and 5. 
Lateral and anterior views of pollen-masses and caudicle : — all magnified. 



5724. 







Tab. 5724. 

MONIZIA EDTJLIS. 

Cenoula da Bocha, or Bock Carrot. 



Nat. Ord. Umbellieebje.— Pentandbia Dig Yin a. 



Gen. Char. Calycis dentes obsoleti. Petala oblonga, lanceolate apice 
angustata incurva, dorso pilosa. Discus depressus. Stamina incurva. 
Jfruetuf oblongus, a dorso compressus, carpellis dorso leviter convexis non 
alatis, jugis omnibus crassis obtusis; primaria, lateralibus juxta commis- 
suram sitis mconspicuis ; secundaria, dorsalibus primariis conformibus, la- 
teralibus multo majoribus cum plana commissural! continuis, fungosis ; 
vittsB sub jugis secundariis solitariae. Carpophorum 2-partitum. Semen 
complanatum.— Frutex erectus, caudice simplici v. diviso, elato, crassitie 
brachn hvmam. Folia ad apicem caudicis v. ramuli conferta, recurva, ob- 
longa v. ovato-oblonga, Z^-pinnatisecta ; foliolis vemicosis incisis. Um- 
beiije amplce ; involucri et involucelli hractece 6-10, lineari-lanceolata. Flores 
parvi, albi. 



Monizia edulis. Lowe, Manual of Flora of Madeira, p. 365, et Hook. 
Kew Journ. JBot. v. 8. p. 295. 



The Madeiran group of islands possesses two of the very 
few frutescent Umbelliferae hitherto discovered; both are 
plants of excessive rarity and singularity, and both have 
flowered and fruited in the Royal Gardens within six months 
of one another; of these, one is the subject of the present 
P late, the other is Thapsia decipiens (Tab. nostr. 5670). 

Monizia was discovered by my friend the Rev. R. Lowe, M. A., 
on sea-cliffs on the east side of the Great Deserta Island, 
about one thousand feet above the sea, in clefts, hollows, and 
ledges ; there he describes it as having a stem a foot or more 
high, but in the Royal Gardens the largest specimen at- 
tained a height of nearly seven feet before flowering, and the 
smallest (two have flowered) about two feet ; these flowered 
within a few weeks of one another in April and May. The 
root, which is like a branched carrot, and black externally. 
contains a pure white farinaceous substance, like that of the 
common Pig-nut (Bunium flexuosum), which it resembles in 
taste, and when boiled is compared to a bad, stringy parsnip. 

AUGUST 1st, 1868. 



In times of scarcity the root is eaten, boiled and raw, by the 
goat-herds, orchil-gatherers, and fishermen of the Desertas. 

The genus Monizia was named in honour of Senhor J. M. 
Moniz, a zealous Madeiran botanist, and cultivator of the na- 
tive plants of the islands. It is so closely allied to Thapsia, 
that in the absence of fruit it was referred to that genus in 
the ' Genera Plantarum ' of Mr. Bentham and myself ; but 
after a careful examination of fresh specimens, I am disposed 
to retain the genus, which differs from Thapsia in its singu- 
lar habit, well-developed involucral bracts, and the thick 
ribs of the fruit, the lateral secondary of which are very 
much incrassated and corky when ripe, with no disposition 
whatever to produce wings. Melanoselinum, again, a genus 
founded upon the other Madeiran caulescent Umbellifer 
(Thapsia dmpicns), may be distinguished from both Monizia 
and Thapsia by the large-cut involucral bracts, the notched 
petals with inflexed lacinulse, the toothed edges of the wings 
of the carpels, and the Palm-like stem ; it is, however, much 
nearer to the two Mediterranean Thapsias than Monizia is. 
— J. J). H. 



Pig. 1. Eeduced view of whole plant. 2. Portion of caudex. 3. Branch 
of umbel. 4. Portion of leaf. 5. Plower. 6. Fruit. 7. Transverse sec- 
tion of mericarp : — all but 5 and 7 of the natural size. 







"Vincent Eroo 



Tab. 5725. 

ONCEDIUM Maeshallianum. 

Mr. Marshall's Oncidium. 



Nat. Ord. Oechide^;.— Gynandeia Monandeia. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 4148.) 



Oncidium (§ Macropetala) Marshallianum ; pseudobulbo cylmdraceo- 
ovoideo tereti, foliis anguste oblongis, floribus amplis flavis, sepahs 
nanis superiore obovato apiculato lateralibus basi in unguem connatis 
oblongis undulatis, petalis unguiculatis pandurseformibus 2-lobis, la- 
bello amplo in unguem basi breviter auriculatum constncto, bmbo di- 
latato transverse oblongo 2-lobo basi aperte cordato, callis in ungue 
rostratis, columnar alis quadratis. 

Oncidium Marsballianum. Beichb.fil. in Gard. Chron. 1866, p. 682. 



This superb species of Oncidium was figured from a speci- 
men flowered by W. Marshall, Esq., of Enfield, and is stated 
by its original describer, Dr. Reichenbach, to have been in- 
troduced by Messrs. Low and Co., of Clapton, but whence is 
not stated ; it flowered in May of the present year. It is 
most nearly allied to 0. perforate, Lindl, but differs in the 
sepals and lip. . 

Descr. Pseudobulbs two to four inches long, ovoid-cyhn- 
dric, terete. Leaves five to seven inches long by two broad, 
oblong-lanceolate, acute, bright green above, paler below, 
coriaceous. Panicle very large and broad, much branched 
many-flowered. Flowers very large, two inches and a halt 
broad across the petals, on slender pedicels, the pedicel and 
ovary together two to three inches long, bright sulphur-yel- 
low with purple blotches on the sepals, petals, and claw of 
the lip. Sepals small, stipitate, upper one-third of an inch 
long, obovate, apiculate, concave in the centre, banded with 
purple; lateral placed under the lip, oblong, undu late, . con- 
nate into the stipes. Petals shortly stipitate, broadly nddle- 
shaped, undulate and crisped at the margin, two-lobed at the 
apex, with purple, broad, transverse bars on the disk, lap 
as large as the rest of the flower, contracted at the base into 

AUGUST 1st, 1868. 



an auricled claw, which is spotted with orange-red, and bears 
a tubercled beaked callus; auricles oblong, obtuse, ascend- 
ing ; limb of lip transversely oblong, two-lobed at the apex, 
broadly cordate at the base, hence two-winged, bright yel- 
low, unspotted, margins scarcely undulate, surface smooth. 
Column with short quadrate wings. — J. J). H. 



5726 







IfacentBrooksDxy&S'^ 



Tab. 5726. 

SPIK^A PALMATA. 

Palmate -leaved Spiraea. 



Nat. Ord. Rosacea. — Icosandeia Pentagynia. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tae. 4795.) 



SpiEiEA palmata ; glaberrima, ramis sulcatis, foliis palmatim 5 -7-lobis, lobis 
ovato-laoceolatis acuminatis argute duplicato-serratis, petiolis validis 
superne glandulosis v. minute ibliolatis, stipulis dimidiato-lanceolatis 
glanduloso-serratis, floribus cymoso-umbellatis, albis v. rubris, sepalis 
parvis reflexis obtusis, petalis orbiculatis, stylis brevibus recurvis, ear- 
pellis 4-5 pilosis 2-ovulatis. 

Spie^ia palmata. Thunb. Fl. Japon.p. 212. DC. Prod. v. 2. p. 544. 



By far the handsomest species of the genus hitherto im- 
ported, and certainly one of the most beautiful hardy plants 
in cultivation; the deep purple-red of the stems and brandies, 
passing into the crimson-purple of the glorious broad co- 
rymbs of flowers, contrasts most exquisitely with the foliage, 
which in autumn assumes beautiful tints of brown and golden- 
yellow. Spircea palmata is a native of Japan, and was in- 
troduced by Messrs. Noble, of Bagshot, through Mr. Fortune. 
from whom dried specimens are in the Hookerian Herbarium 
at Kew. The specimen here figured flowered in June of the 
present year. Thunberg describes it as sometimes having 
white flowers, and Professor Asa Gray has referred a white- 
flowered Japanese plant to this, which however is identical 
with a glabrate form of S. digitate (var. glabra, Ledebour), 
and differs in the much broader stipules with cordate bases. 

Desce. A glabrous, erect undershrub. Brandies slender, 
deeply grooved, and, as well as the stipules, petioles, and pe- 
duncles, of a bright crimson-purple colour. Leaves petioled, 
petiole three to seven inches long, either glandular towards 
the apex or furnished with several minute gland-serrated 
leaflets; terminal or solitary leaflet four to live inches diame- 
ter, five- to seven-lobed; lobes ovate-lanceolate, acute, sharply 

SEi'xjiMUjii: 1st, 1S68. 



irregularly serrate, five- to seven-nerved; uppermost leaves 
three-lobed. Stipules erect, obliquely lanceolate, the upper- 
most leaves subulate, gland-toothed. Corymbs numerous, 
terminating the branches, six to twelve inches across, much 
branched. Flowers and all their parts wholly of a fine crim- 
son colour, small, one-eighth of an inch diameter, shortly 
pedicelled. Calyx lobes very small, broadly oblong, obtuse, 
recurved. Petals nearly orbicular, concave. Stamens very 
numerous, filaments capillary, flexuous; anthers very minute. 
Carpels four to six, hairy, with short recurved styles and 
capitate glandular stigmas. — J. I). H. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Carpels: — magnified. 



5721 




i,ddetith 



Tab. 5727. 

MYRICA Nagi. 

Yangmae Fruit of China, and Yamamo-moki of Japan. 



Nat. Ord. Myeicace^. — Mokcecia Tei-octandbia. 

Gen. Char. Flores mono-dioici. Masc.: Amenta filiformia. Bractea- 
1-florae, 2-bracteolatas. Stamina 2-8, filamentis liberis v. inter se connatis ; 
antherce 2-loculares. I\em. : Amenta ovata v. cylindrica. Bractea l-flora», 
2-bracteolatfe. Squamulce hypogyna*, cum ovarii basi concrescentes. Ova- 
rium 1-loculare; stylus brevissimus, stigmatibus 2 elongatis. Ovulum 1, 
basilare, ortbotropum. Drupa 1-sperma. Semen erectum ; embryo exal- 
buminosus, antitropus. — Arbores, frutices et arbuscula 3 . Folia al tenia, in- 
tegra serrata v. laciniata, rarias pinnatijida, 



Mtrtca (§ Gale) Nagi ; foliis e basi longe cuneato-lanceolatis acutis ob- 
tusisve integerrimis v. supra medium serratis coriaceis, amentis masc. 
simpliciusculis, fl. masc. bractea ovato-orbiculata obtusa, bracteolis 2-4 
ovatis, staminibus ad 6, filamentis brevibus liberis, ovario papilloso, 
drupa globosa dense papillosa. 

Myeica Nagi. Thunh. Fl, Jap. p. 76. Cat. DC. Prodr. t. 16. pt. 2. 157. 

Myeica Nagi. Sieb. et Zucc. Fam. Nat.fasc. 2. p. 106. 

Myrica integrifolia. Boxb. Fl, Ind. v. 3. p. 765. Wight, Ic. t. 761. Cas. 
DC. Prodr. I. c. 



The interesting Chinese fruit here figured was sent to me 
by James Bateman, Esq., F.R.S., of Biddulph Grange, in 
whose stove at Knypersley it ripened in June of the present 
year. The male flowers are figured from native specimens. 
The Myrica Nagi is a very commonly cultivated tree in China 
and Japan, and' is much esteemed for its subacid fruits, which 
are eaten by natives and Europeans, both raw and cooked. 
I can find no difference between it and the M. integrifolia of 
Roxb., which, though described as tetrandrous in Candolle's 
' Prodromus,' is certainly hexandrons to octandrous in speci- 
mens that I have examined. 

Myrica integrifolia is a very common native bush or tree in 
the mountainous parts of Bengal and the eastern peninsula 
of India, and especially in Silhet, where it is called Sophee, 

SEPTEMBER 1ST, 1868. 



and the fruit is eaten both pickled and raw. M. sapida, 
Wall., is probably another variety. 

Descr. A nearly glabrous evergreen ramous shrub or small 
tree ; branchlets slightly pubescent. Leaves crowded towards 
the ends of the branches, three to five inches long, oblong- 
lanceolate, subacute, tontracted into a short slender petiole, 
obtusely serrate from the midrib to the apex or quite entire, 
deep green above, pale beneath (in native specimens the 
leaves vary greatly in size, form, and dotting). Male catkins 
axillary, solitary, short, cylindrical, half an inch to an inch 
and a half long. Bracts minute, glandular, the outer broadly 
orbicular, obtuse, the lateral smaller. Stamens six to ten ; 
fi 'laments very short, subulate; anthers broad, didymous. 
Female catkins shorter than the male, fewer flowered ; outer 
bract as in the male ; bracteoles more numerous, fleshy. Ovary 
globose, covered with mamillary tubercles that are crowned 
with a papilla, one-celled. Styles two, stout, recurved, ob- 
tuse, grooved on the inner face; ovule solitary, pendulous. 
Drupe oblong or globose, as large as a cherry or smaller, 
deep red-purple, studded with mamillary tubercles ; flesh 
soft, juicy, acid, of radiating soft fibres. Stone oblong, com- 
pressed, covered with a coating of fibres that radiate through 
the flesh. Seed exalbuminous. — J". J). H. 



Figs. 1 and 2. Female flower. 3. Ovary. 4. Male catkin. 5. Male 
flower. 6. Stamen. 7. Transverse section of drupes :— all but 4 and 7 
vnaaniUpA r 



magnified. 



5728. 




IV Fitch, del etlrth. 



"fcoeat Broote , Day & Son, Imp . 



Tab. 5728. 

aerides mitbatum. 
Mitre-spurred Aerides. 



Nat. Ord. Orchlde2e. — Gynandria Monanvdria. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 5138.) 



Aerides mitratum ; caule brevi, foliis confertis longissirais cjlindricis atte- 
imato-acumiuatis superne alte sulcatis margiuibus aeutis, racemis 
erectis multi-densifloris, floribus albis labello antberaque purpureis, 
sepalis petalisque subsequilongis brevibus oblongis obtusis, labello late 
trulliformi sepalis paulo majore obtuso planiusculo, basi utrinque uni- 
lobulato, calcare mitriformi compresso obtuso, columna brevi. 

Aerides mitratum. Reichenhachjll. in Mold, et Schleckt. Hot. Zeit. 1864. 
p. 415. 



A charming species, allied to Aerides' cylindricum (Tab. 
nostr. 4982) in the foliage, which is however very much longer 
and differing totally in the inflorescence. It is stated by 
Reichenbach to be a native of Moulmeyne, from whence it 
was introduced by Mr. Day, of Tottenham, in whose magni- 
ficent collection of Orchids it flowered in April of the pre- 
sent year. It is not in either the Hookerian or Lindleyan 
Herbaria, and is hence probably exceedingly rare. 

Desck. Stems, in the only specimen seen, short, sending 
out abundance of very stout branching, cylindrical, aerial 
roots. Leaves crowded,' upwards of two feet long, cylindrical, 
and gradually tapering to a very fine point, like whip-lashes, 
upper surface deely channelled, margins sharp, as is the base 
to the groove, giving the latter a triangular outline on a cross 
section, dull green. Racemes numerous, erect, five to ten 
inches long, cylindrical, obtuse, on short, stout, dull purplish- 
red peduncles. Floivers crowded, half to three-quarters of 
an inch in diameter, shortly pedicelled, white, with purple lip 
and anther-case. Sepals and petals subsimilar, subequal, 
spreading, short, broadly oblong, obtuse, flattish. Lip broadly 

SEPTEMBER 1ST, 1868. 



trulliform, obtuse, almost flat, with a horn-like projection on 
each side at the base. Column short ; anther-case beaked. 
Spur short, very thick, projecting backwards, mitre-shaped, 
obtuse, much laterally compressed. — J. I). II 



Fig. 1. Side view of flower. 2. Lateral view of flower : — both magnified. 



5129 







Tab. 5729. 
SABCOCAULON Bubmanot. 

Burmanns Sarcocaulon. 



Nat. Ord. Geraniace^e. Pentandria Pentagynia. 

Gen. Char. Flores regulares. Sepala 5, imbricata. Petala 5, hypo- 
gyna, imbricata. Glandules 5, petalis alternae. Stamina 5, omnia antheri- 
fera, basi in annulum brevissime connata, ceternm libera. Ovarium 5- 
loburo, 5-loculare, rostratum, rostro apice in stvlum abeunte, ramis 5, 
linearibus introrsum stigmatosis ; ovula in loculis 2, superposita. Capsulee 
lobi 2-spermi, ab axi placentifero septifrage dehiscentes, caudis a basi ad 
apicem elastice revolutis. Semina exalbuminosa ; cotyledones convoluto- 
plicatse. — Herbse suffruticest'tf Austro- Africans, carnoscev. succulentce v. bad 
lignosa, petiolis defoliatis spinescentibus armatce. T?o\\a,parva. 



Sarcocaueon Burmanni; foliis obovato-cuneatis inciso-creuatis glabris 
puberulisve, petalis albis sepala mucronata duplo excedentibus. 

Sarcocaulon Burmanni. EcJcl. et Zeyher. -Wan. et Sond. Fl. Cap. v. 1. 
p. 256. 

Geranium spine-sum. Burm. Ger. n. 2. Cue. Dins. v. 4. p. 195. t. 75./. 2. 

Monsonia Burmanni. DC. Frodr. v. I. p. 688. 



Amongst the many remarkable forms of Geraniacea; which 
abound in South Africa, the present is conspicuous for its 
woody stem that abounds in resin, short tortuous branches, 
slender spines, which are reduced to petioles, two-lobed leaves, 
and beautiful pearly-white, plaited corolla. It was commu- 
nicated to the Royal Gardens from the Botanic Gardens of 
Grahamstown, by Mr. Tuck, and flowered in May of the pre- 
sent year. The genus Sarcocaulon differs from Monsonia in 
little but habit ; it consists of several species, all natives of 
the drier parts of the interior of South Africa. A very similar 
species, S. Patersoni, from Namaqualand, secretes such a 
quantity of waxy, inflammable substance in the bark, that 
the stems finally become mere tortuous tubes of wax ; the 
woody substance decaying away and leaving the firm, waxy 
coating of the bark, which is apparently indestructible. This 
latter species, Dr. Brown informs me, is called by the Dutch 
" Gifdoorn" (Poisonous Thorn) and "Inkrup Doom" (Cress in 

SEPTEMBER 1ST, 1868. 



Thorn), and, by the natives, " 'Novra," preceded by a click in 
pronunciation. 

Descr. Stems woody, about eight to sixteen inches high, 
much branched. Branches as thick as the little finger, 
cylindrical, terete, quite smooth, woody, the bark separating 
from the wood, to which, in old age, it forms a waxy sheath, 
studded with scattered spines an inch long, which are the 
petioles of undeveloped leaves ; branchlets green. Leaves scat- 
tered, glabrous or downy, on slender petioles, black, a quarter 
to three-quarters of an inch long, broadly obcordate, with a 
mucro between the lobes, which are irregularly and bluntly 
toothed towards the apex, coriaceous, nerveless, deep green. 
Stipules minute, subulate. Flowers large, solitary, axillary, 
shortly pedicelled, an inch and a half in diameter ; pedicels 
about as long as the leaves. Sepals linear-oblong, with a stout 
dorsal mucro near the apex, green. Petals obcuneate, beau- 
tifully wrinkled and plaited, pearly-white with a faint rosy 
tinge. Filaments slightly hairy at the base ; anthers yellow. 
Ovary pubescent. — J. D. H. 



Fig. 1. Leaf. 2. Flower, with petals removed. 3. Stamen. 4. Pistil. 
5. Transverse section of ovary ; — all magnified. 



5730 




'Rui,de 



Vmc«itBioaksD^«.S™,lfflp 



Tab. 5730. 

LEAVENWOBTHIA aueea. 

Golden-flowered Lea venworthia. 



ISTat. Ord. Cettcifeejj:. — Tetrad ynami a Siliquosa. 

Gen. Char. Sepala basi sequalia. Petala cuneiformia. Siliqua linearis v. 
oblongo-linearis, subinflata, marginibus rectis v. inter semina contractis, 
valvis planis, septo hyalino transverse areolato 2-nervi, stigraate 2-dentato. 
Semina 1-seriata, compressa, late alata ; radicula recta, brevissima. — Herba> 
annua, huniiles, scapigerce. Folia lyrato-pinnatifida. Flores lutei rosei v. 
purpurei, in scapis solitarii v. laxe ramosi. 



Leavenwoetkia aurea; siliqua marginibus undulatis, stylo subelongato. 
Leavenwoetiiia aurea. Torrey in Ann. Lye. JS r ew York, v. 3. p. 87. t. 5. 

A. Gray, Man. JBot. A r . IT. States, p. 31 ; Gen. III. t. 57. 
Caedahtis-e uniflora. Micliaux, Fl. Bor. Am. v. 2. p. 29. DC. Prodr. v. 1. 

p. 150. 



A lovely hardy annual, or perhaps biennial, introduced by 
Mr. Thompson, of the Ipswich Nurseries, and sent to me for 
figuring by my friend Mr. Wilson Saunders, F.RS., of Rei- 
gate, with whom it flowered in June of the present year. 

The genus Leaventvorthia consists of two species, both 
natives of the middle and Southern States of North America: 
one species, L. aurea, is described as having yellow flowers. 
and the other, L. Michaimi, white or purplish flowers, yel- 
lowish towards the base, and it is suspected by Dr. Gray that 
these are varieties of one ; according to the specimens in the 
Kew Herbarium, however, L. aurea has the margins of the 
pod waved and a very distinct style ; and L. Michaiaii, the 
margins of the pod straight and a very short style, whence, 
notwithstanding the colour of the flowers, I have referred 
the present plant to L. aurea. Chapman, who notices these 
differences in the style in his ' Flora of the Southern United 
States,' also observes that the radicle of L. aurea is straight, 
and of the other slightly curved. 

Descr. A glabrous, stemless annual, or at most biennial, 

SEPTEMBER 1ST, 1868, 



throwing out from the crown a profusion of spreading leaves 
and numerous slender, one-flowered scapes, which are really 
axillary amongst the crowded leaves. Leaves two to three 
inches long, petioled, lyrate - pinnatifid, the terminal lobe 
largest, rounded, obscurely lobed, the lateral much swollen, 
subopposite, short, broad, and decurrent. Scapes as long as 
the leaves, erect. Buds drooping. Flowers resembling those 
of a Wood-sorrel, two inches and one-third in diameter, pale 
lilac, with a golden edge. Sepals ' linear-oblong, equal, ob- 
tuse. Petals clawed, obovate-spathulate, retuse. Ovary with 
a manifest style. — J. 1). H. 



Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Petal. 3. Pistil. 1, Apex of scape, stamens, and 
pistil. 5. Stamen : — all magnified. 



5731 




.fine entire 



Tab. 5731. 
EPIDENDEUM PANICULATUM. 

Paniculate Epidendrum. 



Nat. Ord. Orchide-e. — Gtnandria Monandiua. 
Gen. Char, (Vide supra, Tab. 5336.) 



Epidendrtjm paniculatum ; foliis distichis oblongo-lanceolatis acuminata, 
caule apice vaginis membranaceis setaceo-acuminatis vestito, panicula 
effusa multiflora, floribus gracile pedicellatis roseo-purpureis, sepalis 
spathulato-ligulatis obtusis, petalis sepalis multo angustioribus fere 
filiformibus, labelli profuade 4-lobi laciniis lateralibus obovatis obtusis 
intermedii 2-partiti lobis divarieatis oblique linearibus obtusis, disco 
2-carinato, cariuis basi subcornutis. 

Epidendrtjm paniculatum. Ruiz et Pav. Fl. Peruv. Si/st. p. 243. Lindl. 
Gen. et Sp. Orch. p. 10S. 



This, the most superb of all the paniculate Epidendrums, 
and perhaps the most floribund of Orchids, was discovered 
by Ruiz and Pavon, near Huavaquil, in Peru ; and since then 
in the province of Pasto by Hartweg, in Bolivia by Bridges, 
and in the province of Pamplona, New Granada, by ScnJim, 
at an elevation of 7-8000 feet above the sea. Its robust 
yet graceful habit, profuse and lovely rose-lilac flowers that 
last a long time, and its odour, render it one of the most 
charming of cool-house Orchids. The specimen here figured 
was flowered by Messrs. Veitch in April of the present year, 
and was four feet in height. 

In Lindley's Herbarium we find a much broader-leaved 
plant bearing this name, with shorter pedicels to the flowers 
which are described as green, having a white labellum; it 
was gathered at Truxillo by Funck and Schlim (n. (6^). 

Descr. Stems tufted, erect or inclined, simple, two to tour 
feet high, covered with the distichous leaves, except at the 
terete base. Leaves four to seven inches long, narrow-ian- 
ceolate, acuminate, spreading and recurved, green, otten 
spotted with purple, keeled. Panicle a foot or more long, 

SEPTEMBER 1ST, 1868. 



nodding, broadly-ovate, much-branched, very many-flowered ; 
branches green, slender, curved, and spreading. Bracts su- 
bulate, half an inch to an inch long, green. Pedicels and 
ovary an inch to an inch and a half long, very slender, and 
flower rose-pink. Flowers three-quarters of an inch in dia- 
meter. Sepals spreading and reflexed, linear-spathulate, 
obtuse. Petals almost filiform, but rather broader at the 
apex, as long as the sepals. Lip sessile on the apex of the 
column; two lateral lobes obovate-oblong, irregularly cre- 
nate ; middle divided nearly to the base into two broadly- 
linear, spreading, oblique lobes ; disk with small yellow longi- 
tudinal calli ; edges of the lobes of the lip Avhite.— J. D. R 



Pig. 1. Reduced figure of entire plant. 2. Upper part of stem. 3. Branch 
of panicle, both of the natural size. 4. Flower -.—magnified. 



5732 







Tab. 5732. 

PIJYA Whytei. 

Mr. Whyte's Chilian Puya. 



Nat. Ord. Bkomeltace^:. — Hexaitoeia Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Sepala 3, herbacea, eequalia. Fetala 3, obovato-oblonga, 
basi erecta, supra medium patenti-recurva, basi intus squama aucta, mar- 
ceseendo spiraliter convoluta. Stamina 6, hypogyna, requalia, filamentis 
filiformibus ; anthers© oblongre v. lineares, basi 2-fidae. Ovarium libcrum, 
3-gonum, 3-loculare ; stylus filiformis, stigmatibus 3 spiraliter contortis ; 
ovula numerosa, in loculis 2-seriata, horizontalia. Capsula cartilaginea, 3- 
locularis, loculicide 3-valvis, polysperma. Semina compressa.— Herbs 
America Australis incolce, rupicolce, caule brevi v. elongato apicefolioso. 
Folia angusta, spinosa. Flores mediocres, in paniculas bracteatas dispositi. 



Puya Whytei ; foliis confertis patenti-recurvis elongato-subulatis remote 
spinosis spinis inferioribus recurvis, supra concavis viridibus, subtus 
sparse argentoo-lepidotis, pedunculo valido erecto bracteis recurvis 
oblongis vestito, panicula erecta pyramidata densiflora, bracteis medns 
superioribusque integerrimis, petalis obovato-oblongis lunde vires- 
cente-csDruleis metallicis. 



A superb rock-plant, introduced by Messrs. Veitch from 
Chili, through Mark Whyte, Esq., an enthusiastic amateur, 
in whose honour as discoverer it is named at Messrs. Veitch s 
request. As a species, it is so very similar to the drawing ot 
jP. ccerulea, in the Botanical Register (1840, t. 11), that it is 
with great hesitation that I propose another name for it. 
The most obvious difference, in comparing the plates, will be 
seen to consist in the colouring of the flowers, and this 1 
suspect may be due to the colourist; for the most peculiar 
dull metallic blue shot with green of Messrs. Veitch s plant 
is so difficult for an artist to seize and represent, that 1 can 
well conceive Dr. Lindleys colourist to have failed m repro- 
ducing it. In P. candea the bracts are more serrated, and 
the petals narrower ; in all other respects they seem identical. 
P. candea is described as an almost hardy poreimial rock- 
plant, of a most Striking habit, and very ornamental. / 
Whytei has proved hardy through last winter, and indeed 
flowered in the open air. 

OCTOBER 1ST, 1S(JS. 



Desce. Stems very short and branching, bearing an im- 
mense rigid tuft of spreading and recurved foliage. Leaves 
one to two feet long, narrow subulate, one inch broad at the 
base, finely attenuated, spinous, spines remote, rigid, curved, 
upper surface concave, green, lower somewhat silvery. Pe- 
duncle three feet high, stout, erect, clothed with broadly- 
oblong recurved bracts. Panicle pyramidal, much and 
densely branched, branches ascending, densely clothed with 
flowers and bracts. Flowers shortly pedicellcd, an inch 
and a half long, campanulate. Sepals linear-oblong, ob- 
tuse, green, convex, not keeled. Petals more than twice as 
long, obovate-oblong, dull metallic blue shot with green, red 
purple when withered. Anthers bright orange-yellow. Stig- 
mas spirally twisted. — J. D. H. 



Fig 1. Reduced figure of plant. 2. Leaf; and 3, portion of panicle, 
loth of the natural size. 4. Stamen and pistil. 5. Transverse section of 
ovary. G. Pistil : — Figs. 4 to G magnified. 



5133 




WJitctdeistlitii. 



■VSncaitBrooksD^ASmfap- 



Tab. 5733. 

LINAEIA oeiganifolia, var. cbassifolia. 

Marjoram-leaved Toad-flax. 



Nat. Ord. SCROPHUIAEINEiE. — DlDYSTAMIA ANGIOSPEEMIA. 

Gen. Char. Calyx profunde 5-partitus. Corolla personata, tubo basi 
calcarato, labio superiore erecto, palato prominulo, nunc araplo faucem 
claudeute, nunc depresso fauce pervia. Antherarum loculi oblongi. Cap- 
sula ovoidea v. globosa, loculis ssepius suba3qualibus, poro uni- v. pluri- 
valvato dehiscentibus, loculo inferiore minore nunc indebiscente. Semina 
nunc ovoidea aptera angulata v. rugosa, nunc discoidea alata. — Herbas, 
rarius suffrutlces, Jiemisphcerii oorealis temperate incolce. Folia inferiora 
scepius opposita v. verticillata, superiora alterna. Flores axillares, solitarii 
v. racemosi. — Benth. 



Linabia (ChcenorrMnum) origanifolia ; pubescens v. glabriuscula, foliis 
ovatis obovatis oblongisve breviter petiolatis, pedicellis longiusculis 
alternis, sepalis linearibus v. lineari-spathulatis villosis. Benth. in 
DC. Prodr. v. 1. p. 287. 

Var. /3. crassifolia ; foliis ovatis crassiusculis, corolla majore 7-9 lin. longa. 

Likabia crassifolia. DC. Fl. Franc, v. 5. p. 410. 

Anaeeiiinium: crassifolium. Willd. Sp. Bl. v. 3. p. 2G1. 

Antaeehinium crassifolium. Cav. Ic. v. 2. p. 11. t. 114. 



A lovely hardy rock-plant, native of Southern France, 
Spain, and Portugal, inhabiting walls and crevices of rocks, 
and ascending to ' 5000 feet in the Pyrenees and mountains 
of Asturias. The specimens here figured flowered in the 
Royal Gardens in May of the present year, and were received 
from the Hull Botanic Gardens. The plant is conspicuous 
for the bright green of the foliage, and profusion of bright 
blue-purple flowers, which have appeared in succession al- 
most throughout the summer, thus rendering it one ot the 
most valuable herbaceous plants for rock decoration. 

Descr. A diffuse hardy perennial, more or less covered 
with glandular hairs or nearly glabrous. Stem none. Branch*® 
wiry, prostrate and ascending, four to six inches high, much 
divided, leafy upward. Leaves variable in form and consist- 
ence, usually opposite throughout the plant; in rar. cram- 

octoeee imp, 1868. 



folia half an inch long, rather thick and somewhat succulent, 
very shortly petioled, ovate, ohtuse, bright deep green. 
Flowers axillary towards the ends of the branches, which 
often run out into leafy or bracteate racemes, on long or 
short pedicels. Sepals linear-spathulate, villous and glandu- 
lar, obtuse, much shorter than the corolla, very unequal, 
slightly spreading. Corolla three-quarters to nearly one inch 
long, pale but bright blue-purple, with a yellow palate and 
red-purple throat ; lobes all retuse and emarginate, spur 
short, obtuse. Ovary obovoid, villous ; style straight, with a 
very oblique clavate apex and small oblong lateral stigmatic 
surface. — J. I). II. 



Fig. 1. Apex. 2. Ovary: — loth magnified. 



5734 




TCFLtchdeietMi 



^ncmtBrooksJ)^*^ 110 ? 



Tab. 5734. 
ELANDIOEDIA Cunninghamii. 

Allan Cunningham's Blandfordia. 



Nat. Ord. Liliaceje. — Hexandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Perianthium tubuloso-campanulatum, marcescens, ore G-fido. 
Stamina 6, basi deelinata, basin versus tubi inserta, filamentis filiformibus in- 
sequilongis, apice cucullo connectivi insertis. Ovarium stipitatum, lineare, 
3-loculare, in stylum brevem attenuatum, stigmate 3-lobo ; ovula plurima, 
2-seriata, horizontalia. Gapsula prismatica, basi perianthio vaginata, 3-par- 
tibilis, polyspermia, loculis angulo interno dehiseentibus acuminatis mem- 
branaceis. Semina linearia, testa villosa laxa membranacea fusca. — Herbae 
Australasicce,perennes, radicibus crasse fibrosis. Folia radicalia, lineari-elon- 
gata ; scapus teres. Flores racemosi v. racemo eontracto subumbellati, 
penduli, rubri. Capsula erecta. 



Blandfokdia Cunninghamii ; foliis margine integerrimis, bracteis lineari- 
bus subacutis, floribus umbellatis densis 2-pollicaribus, perianthio 
flammeo intus lobisque aureis. 

B. Cunninghamii. Lindl. in Bot Beg. v. 31, sub t. 18. 



Of the four or five known species of this magnificent Aus- 
tralian genus, the present is by far the most handsome and 
profuse flowerer. It was raised by Messrs. E. G. Henderson 
and Sons, of the Wellington Nurseries, St. John's Wood, 
who flowered it in April of the present year. It is a native 
of the Blue Mountains, in New South Wales, where it was 
discovered by the late Allan Cunningham, who describes it as 
" growing on a stiff clayey soil, below a permanent elevated 
peaty bog." It is nearly allied to the B. grandi flora of 
Brown, a native of Tasmania, but differs in the serrulate 
margins of the leaves. ■ 

From B. flammea, Hook. (Tab. nostr. 4819), it differs in 
the narrower perianth, its colour, and especially in the 
broader leaves, which are quite smooth on the margin. 

I)i:scr. Boot of tuberous fibres. Leaves all radical, disti- 
chous, one to two feet long, erect and spreading, bright green 
above, pale below, narrow linear-ensiform, somewhat keeled 
at the back, nearly half an inch broad at the base. Scape 
two to three feet high, stout, terete, with numerous appressed 

OCTOBJBE Lst, 1868. 



linear-oblong, acute bracts, one to two inches long. Floral 
bracts subulate, the lower broader, as long as the pedicels. 
Flowers sixteen to twenty in a terminal umbellate panicle, 
shortly pedicelled, pendulous. Perianth conical, two inches 
long, externally bright orange-scarlet with golden-yellow 
segments, internally all yellow; segments ovate, subacute, 
slightly spreading. Stamens inserted towards the base of the 
perianth, decimate, filaments curved; anthers linear-oblong, 
yellow, exserted. Ovary stipitate, very slender. — J. J). H. 



Tig. 1. Base of perianth and stamens. 2. Ovary : — both magnified. 



S73.5 




*» 



Tab. 5735. 

AEECA Baueri. 

Norfolk Island Betel Palm. 



Nat. Ord. Palmes.— Mon(ecia Hexandeia. 

Gen. Char. Flores monoici, sessiles in eodem spadice, spatha duplici 
cincti ; masculi superiores, plerumque foemineis 2 stipati. — Masc. Peri- 
anthium 6-partitum, 2-seriale. Stamina 3-12. — Fcem. Perianthii foliola 6, 
imbricata, 3 exteriora minora, 3 interiora convoluta. Ovarium 1-3-loculare ; 
stylus brevissimus, stigmate minuto 3-dentato. Drupa monosperma, fibrosa ; 
albumen ruminatum v. lsevc ; embryo basilaris. — Palmar erectce, Asia, 
Australia subtropical, et Ins. Pacif. incolce. Caudex elatus, gracilis v. 
robustus, annulatus. Folia pinnata, basi vaginantia, decidua. Flores in 
spadices simplices v. ramosas axillares dispositi. 



Areca Baueri; caudice robusto, foliis pinnatis, pinnis multijugis anguste 
lineari-lanceolatis acuminata, costis petiolisque sparse lepidotis, spadice 
ramoso. ramis erassis albis, floribus albis v. pallide carneis, perianthii 
foliolis exterioribus in masc. subulatis in fcem. ovatis, interioribus 
mase. et fcem. ovatis acutis, bacca globoso-ovoidea rubra nitida, albu- 
mine jequabili. 

Areca Baueri. Ilook.f. in Fl. Nov. Zel. v. I. p. 262, in obs. 

A. sapida. Fndl. in Prod. Fl. Ins. Norfolk, p. 26 (non Forst.). 



This beautiful Palm is closely allied to the A. sapida, 
Forst., of New Zealand (Tab. nostr. 5139), and, indeed, it 
long passed for that plant, from which it is chiefly distin- 
guished by its greater size, larger and broader pinna?, the 
broader outer segments of the female perianth, and especially 
the white flowers and more globose and scarlet berries. It 
was introduced into Kew many years ago from Norfolk 
Island by the late Allan Cunningham, and now has attained 
a trunk eight feet high. It flowers annually in the Palm- 
house during autumn and winter, and ripens its fruit about 
midsummer. It also grows in the temperate-house, but not 
nearly so freely or well. 

Descr. Caudex twenty feet high in its native state, and 
four to ten inches in diameter, terete, green, smooth, closely 
ringed with scars. Leaves six to nine feet long, pinnate, rachis 

OCTOBER 1st, 1868. 



beneath, costa and nerves at back of the pinnules sparingly 
clothed with furfuraceous scales. Pinnules close-set, two feet 
long by an inch and a half broad, stiff, acuminate, usually three- 
nerved, ribbed and plaited ; rachis triangular towards the base, 
convex above. Spathes eight to ten inches long, white, nar- 
row-oblong, acuminate, flat at the back, three to four inches 
across. Spadix axillary, but, owing to the falling away of 
the leaf as soon as the spathe is ready to open and the flowers 
are fully formed, only flowering when infra-axillary, horizon- 
tally patent from the caudex, one to two feet long, sparingly 
branched ; branches stout, divaricating, white in flower, 
green in fruit. Flowers crowded, white, nearly half an inch 
when expanded. Outer perianth-segment broadly ovate in 
the female, narrower in the male, inner oblong, acute. Ber- 
ries nearly globose, half to three-quarters of an inch in 
diameter, scarlet, shining. Albumen not ruminate. — J. D. II 



Fig. 1. Reduced view of whole plant. 2. Portion of spadix, of natural 
size. 3, Male, and 4, female flowers; — both magnified. 



^5736 




Vincent/Brooks Dajr&SouImp 



Tab. 5736. 
ODONTOGLOSSUM constbiotum. 

Narroiv-petalled Odontoglot. 

Nat. Ord. Oechide^:.— Gtnandria Monaxdkia. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 5G91.) 



ODONTOGLOSSim const net u, n ; paeudobulbia «^ ni ~gSS^; 
elongato-lineari-lanceolatiB, scapo elongate gracUkmo, 1WJ» ""[£ 
laxercmosa multiflora, braeteis minutia ovatu, •^HStW 
petaliaque Bubaiunlibua oblongo-lanceolatis a cumma tis aa eis iu c > 
maculatis, labello panduriformi a pl ce truncate v. **™*M£^ 
v. caudate, albo maculis diiabus roseis notato margmibus erosis, crista 
lamellis parvis dentatis, columna elongata apice 2-cirrhosa_ 

Odontoglossum constrictum. Lindl, in Bot. Beg. 1844; Misc. p. U , 
Beichb.f. in Walp. Ann. v. 6. p. 825. 

This beautiful species was sent to us from Messrs. Back- 
house, of York, under the name of 0. *W**Z*J^ 
which it differs in the bracts, the sessile sepals he form 
the lip and its crest, and in the slender curhi a ^ a P e ^ 
the column. It is, ^^^^^^ 
strictum, a native of Caraccas, ot w&icn r »•*» 
original specimens collected by Linden *P«^ 
originally introduced in about lb43, when, as " "" » , 

it flowered both with Mr. Kucker and with ^°^£ 
Broughton Hall. The flowers of the native JP««^J" 
considerably larger than those of the cultivated measuim 
two inches and a half to three ^ches across <ke«pa» W 
petals; but in form, colour, and ™^°l^ m£ 
the structure of the column, lip. and «**« ^".s 
. ence whatever between the native airdcultiyaod specimen^ 

D ESC1 , P»MM>» two inches to ^^g'X,^, 
long, ovoid, compressed, but not sharp e age h 
grooved. 2W a foot long by an « h . n d * h«U , 

bright green, narrow linear-lanceolate, latnei out 

OCTOBER 1st, 1868. 



keeled. Scape very slender, a foot to a foot and a half W 
with few remote, short, sheathing, membranaceous bracts' 
Panicle as long as the scape, loosely branched, branches 
spreading; bracts at the forks and pedicels very small short 
ovate, acute Pedicels slender. Flowers an inch and' three- 
quarters m diameter (in the specimen figured). Sepals and 
petals nearly equal and similar, sessile, oblong-lanceolate, 
much acuminate bright yellow, blotched with orange-brown! 
Lip fiddle-shaped, with a rounded or truncate tip, terminated 
by a decided apiculus or sometimes a short' acuminate tail, 
»hite, with a rose-coloured blotch on each side at the mid- 

w fhon? rt K P . rOJe u ing ' t00thed; mar S ins erose - Column 

without wings, but with two projecting cirrhi at the apex.- 



Fig. 1. Front, and 2, lateral view of column and lip .-both magnified. 



5737. 




W fitch, del. etlitl 



Vincent Brooks.Lfey*. 



Tab. 5737. 
PASSIFLORA cincinnata. 

Curly-fringed Passion-flower. 



Nat. Ord. PASSIFLOKEiB.— Pentaadria Tkigtnia. 

Gen. Char. Calycis tubus brevis, urceolaris ; lobi 4-5, lineares v. oblongi, 
intus saepius colorati et dorso infra apieem cornuti. Petala 4 o, v. 0, 
calycis lobis subfequalia. Corolla simplex v. duplex, extenore nlamentis 
1-2-seriatis v. membrana tubulosa, interior multisenata v. tubulosa v. U. 
Gynophorum elongatum. Stamina 4-5, filamentis basi gyuophon adnatis ; 
antherse versatiles. Ovarium stipitatura ; styli 3, subterrmnales, stigmatious 
capitatis; ovula numerosa, placentis 3 affixa. Bacca polyspermy Semim 
arillata.— Frutices, rarius herbse, scandentes, rarius erects, cirrhijerce. ± olia 
alterna. Stipula3 2 v. 0. Flores inter majores, peduncuhs articulatis, septus 
3-bracteatce. 



Passiflora (Granadilla) cincinnata; glabra, foliis digitatis v. palmatisectis 
5-lobis, lobis oblongis mucronulatis integris v. pinnatmdis serrulatis, 
petiolo 2-glanduloso, stipulis subulatis, peduncuhs axillanbus sohtarns 
1-floris petiolis longioribus, bracteis ovatis obtusis basi glandu osis, 
calycis tubo brevi, lobis 5 oblongis obtusis intus petahsque consimilibus 
purpuras, corona sub-3-seriatse filis extimis petahs longionbus con- 
tortis violaceis, ceteris brevibus capitellatis. 

Passiflora cincinnata. Masters in Card. Chron. Sept. 1868, cum ic. xylog. 



Of the one hundred species of Passion-flower known m 
herbaria most have still to be introduced into our gardens, 
and this though many of them are natives of very accessible 
countries and of temperate regions long traversed by Euro- 
peans. One of the latter is the present beautiful specie 
which was discovered in the provinces of Pernambuco and 
Ceara in Brazil, by the late Mr. G. Gardner so long ago as 
1837. It was introduced into cultivation by Mr. FniUp 
Frost, gardener to Mr. Fortescue, the proprietor of the beau- 
tiful Dropmore Gardens. It flowered profusely in a cool 
greenhouse in August of this year, and was ^™JJ™ 
carefully described by Dr. Masters in the < Gardeners C hrc 



nicle.' 

Des 

'rete 

NOVEMBER 1ST, 1868. 



"descr. A branched, glabrous, slender climber; branches 

terete. Leaves about three inches broad, deeply palmate 01 



digitately lobed ; lobes five, oblong, serrulate, glabrous, bright 
green above, pale below ; 'petiole about one inch long, bi- 
glandular between the middle and base. Peduncles axillary, 
single-flowered, larger than the petiole. Bracts three, large, 
oblong, boat-shaped, with two large glands at the base. 
Flower three inches in diameter. Sepals five, oblong, obtuse, 
green at the back, with a short horn towards the apex, violet 
internally, the colour laid on in minute dots. Petals similar 
to the sepals, and also violet. Corona of many rows, outer 
of twisted cilia, longer than the petals, violet banded with 
white ; inner in many series, short, simple, slightly thickened 
at the apex. Gynophore seated in a tubular sheath. — J. I). H. 



Fig. 1. Portion of flower : — magnified. 



sm 




. 



Tab. 5738. 

ACRIDOCARPUS Natalitius. 

Port Natal Acridocarpus. 



Nat. Ord. Malpighiace^;.— Decandeia Digtnia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx 5-partitus, glandulis minutis v. 0. Petala insequalia, 
unguiculata, subintegra, glabra. Stamina 10, omnia perfecta, filamentis 
brevibua distinctis ; antber® magna?, oblong® v. sagittat®, poro v. rima 
brevi dehiscentes. Ovarium 3-loculare, birsutum; styli 2, longissime 
divergentes, flexuosi. Samara 1 v. 2, receptaculo oblongo apphcat®, in 
alam obliquam margine antico superiore incrassato product®. Semina ssepe 
angulata ; embryo curvus.— Arbores v. frutices Africans, interdum scan- 
denies. Folia scepissime alterna, exstipulata. Kacemi terminates, ranus 
lateralis. Flores lutei. 



Aceidocarpus Natalitius; scandens, foliis alternis oblongis v. hnean- v. 
obovato-oblongis obtusis glaberrimis coriaceis margimbus recurvis, 
racemis terminalibus simplicibus elongatis multifloris ferrugineis, 
bracteolis subulatis eglandulosis, samara glabnuscul® ala extrorsum 
adscendente oblique oblonga, calycis glandulis parvis, anther® oblong® 
poris dehiscentes. 

Acridocaepus Natalitius. A. Juss. Monog. Malpigh. p. 232. Walp. Hep. 
v. 5. p. 287. Harv. et Sond. Flor. Cap. v. 1. p. 231. 



A very handsome subtropical climber, introduced from 
South Africa by W. Wilson Saunders, Esq., F.R.S., in whose 
warm greenhouse it flowered in July of the present year. It 
is a native of margins of woods in the Natal colony, and will 
prove a very valuable addition to the rather scanty list ot 
free-flowering woody plants suited to a conservatory, especially 
if, like some of its nearest allies, it is proof against insect 
pests. The other species of this genus are all tropical Afri- 
can, this being, indeed, one of the most temperate plants ot 
the large family to which it belongs. 

Descr. Stem woody, climbing; branches terete; brancliiets 
covered with a rufous pubescence. Leaves alternate, tnree 
to eight inches long, shortly petioled, oblong or obovate or 
lanceolate-oblong, obtuse, coriaceous, veiny, margins recun ea, 
above deep green, below pale, with two glands at the base 
close to the midrib. Stipules none. Raceme simple, or rarely 



VOYEMCIR IsT, 1808. 



with a branch at the base, terminal, three to seven inches 
long, many-flowered ; rachis stout, clothed with ferruginous 
hairs. Pedicels slender, half an inch long, with three minute 
subulate bracts at the base. Mowers one inch in diameter, 
pale yellow. Sepals oblong, obtuse, green, with two glands 
externally, pubescent with ferruginous hairs at the middle of 
the back. Petals nearly orbicular, clawed, edges crenate- 
toothed. Stamens small ; anthers oblong, opening by termi- 
nal pores. Styles two, very slender, recurved ; ovary hairy. 
Bipe carpels two, with broad, arched, expanded, coriaceous, 
veined wings. — J. I). II. 



Fig. 1. Flower with petals removed. 2. Ditto, showing glands of calyx. 
3. Stamens. 4. Pistil. 5. Transverse, and 6, vertical section of ovary. 
7. Bipe fruit ; — all but Fig. 7 magnified. 



5739. 




"W Pitch., del etlitl 



Vincent Brooks.Dayi- 



Tab. 5739. 

MASDEVALLIA Veitchiana. 
Mr. VeitcKs Masdevallia. 



Nat. Ord. Orchidej:. — G-ynandria Monandria. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 5476.) 



Masdevallia Veitchiana ; foliis lineari-oblongis obtusiusculis, pedunculis 
gracilibus folio duplo longioribus supra inediatn bracteatis unifloris, 
bracteis elongatis vaginantibus, flore majusculo rubro-aurantiaco, 
sepalis in tubum campanulatum connatis, supremo late ovato longe 
caudato-acuminato, Literalibus majoribus late ovatia obliquis abrupte 
angustatis incurvis, petalis iuclusis lineari-oblougis obtusis albis, labello 
lineari-oblongo apice recurvo subacuto ecristato, eolumna? margiue 
integro. 

Masdevallia Veitcbiana. Reichh.fd. mss. (ex Hort. Veitch.). 



By far the most striking species of Masdevallia hitherto 
figured, discovered by the late Mr. Pearce in the Cordillera 
of Peru whilst collecting for the Messrs. Veitch, with whom 
it flowered last month in their coolest orchid-house. In 
point of colour it is not only one of the most beautiful, but 
most singular of Orchids ; for the vivid hue of the flower is 
due to the whole inner surface of the sepals being studded 
with minute papilla? of a brilliant cadmium-yellow colour ; 
these are largest and most crowded when the colour is 
deepest. 

Descr. Stems densely tufted. Leaves four to six inches 
long, by one broad, narrow linear-oblong, rather contracted 
at the base, hardly acute, coriaceous, bright green. Scape a 
foot high, erect, slender, terete, with two or more appressed, 
narrow, elongate, sheathing bracts, the upper placed far 
below the flower. Germen terete, deeply grooved. Perianth 
three inches across. Sepals connate into a bell-shaped tube, 
of a brilliant orange-red colour, internal surface papillose 
and glistening, external pale and glossy ; free portion of 
sepals broadly ovate, suddenly contracted to long points, the 

NOVEMBER 1st, 1868. 



upper narrower, but longer and erect, with a very tapering 
point, the lateral oblique, with incurved points. Petals small, 
white, hidden, linear-oblong, obtuse. Column not winged. — 
J. RE. 



Fig. 1. Column, ovary, and petals. 2. Lip. 3. Column. 4. Pollinia :■ 
I magnified. 



all magnified. 



5740. 




W. Fitch, del. etlith 



VmceatBrooksJ)ay&Son Imp 



Tab. 5740. 

FUCHSIA cocoinba. 

Scarlet Fuchsia. 



Nat. Ord. Onageaeie^;. — Octandeia Monogtnia. 

Gen. Char. Calycis tubus ovoideus v. subglobosus, supra ovarium in 
limbum 4-lobum deciduum productus. Petala 4, rarissime 0, convoluta v. 
patentia v. reflexa. Stamina 8, filamentis filiformibus ; antherae lineares 
v. oblongse. Ovarium 4-loculare ; stylus elongatus, stigmate integro v. 4- 
lobo ; ovula perplurima, angulo interim multiseriatim affixa. Bacca 4- 
locularis, oligo-polysperma. — Frutices v. arbuscul& Mexici, America aus- 
tralis et Nova Zelandia? incola;. Folia opposita alterna et veriicillata. 
Flores axillares solitarii aggregati paniculati v. racemosi, scspius speciosi. 



Fuchsia coccinea; ramulis gracilibus petiolisque sparse patentim pilosis, 
foliis oppositis et 3-natim verticillatis brevissime petiolatis anguste 
ovatis basi rotundatis cordatisve sinuato-dentatis, pedicellis 1-3 axil- 
laribus gracillimis, floribus pendulis, petalis convolutis. 

Fuchsia coccinea. Ait. Hort. Kew. ed. 1. v. 2. p. 8. Duhamel, Arb. 
ed. nov. v. 1. t. 13 ; non Bot. Mag. t. 97. 

F. elegans. Salisbury, Stirp. Bar. t. 7. 

Nahubia coccinea. Schnevoogf s Iconett, n. 21. 



It will surprise many of our horticulturists to learn that 
the plant now called Fuchsia coccinea in our Gardens is not 
the first described species of that name, though it has borne 
it almost exclusively from within a year or two of the intro- 
duction of the real plant; and it may still more surprise 
them to know that the original F. coccinea is very rarely seen 
in cultivation. There is a story current amongst gardeners 
that the common Fuchsia was, when originally introduced, a 
greenhouse plant, but that it has become so far acclimatized 
as to withstand, without protection, the coldest winters of 
many parts of England, Scotland, and Ireland, and the milder 
winters of all Great Britain; be this as it may, it is not 
doubted that the Fuchsia coccinea was once treated as a stove 
or greenhouse plant, and now flourishes both in a greenhouse 
and out-of-doors. Now, whether the true F. coccinea has 
changed its habits no one can say, for next to nothing seems 
to be known of its history between the date of its introduc- 

NOVEMBER 1ST, 1868. 



tion as a greenhouse plant in 1788, and its re-discovery in 
the greenhouse of the Oxford Botanic Garden in 1867; the 
fact being, that the much hardier F. Magellanica was im- 
ported from wintry Tierra del Fuego very shortly after the 
introduction of P. coccinea, and immediately usurped its 
name and spread it to every garden in the kingdom, whilst 
the true plant lingered in Botanic Gardens, lastly sur- 
viving (greatly to the credit of the Baxters, father and 
son) in that of Oxford alone. It may be more common 
abroad, and is almost naturalized in Madeira, according to 
Mandon. 

The native country of the true coccinea is unknown ; it is 
probably Brazilian, as it resembles the Brazilian more than 
the Western or Southern American species ; Salisbury says 
it was introduced by Vandelli from Brazil, whereas Aiton 
attributes its introduction to a Captain Frith, from Chili. 

The evidence of the plant here figured being the true and 
original plant of Aiton's ' Hortus Kewensis,' ed. 1, rests on 
the fact that named specimens of the same are preserved in 
the Banksian Herbarium of the British Museum, and in Sir 
J. Smith's Herbarium at the Linnean Society, all procured at 
Kew in the year of the introduction of the plant, and at the 
date of its being described by Aiton. 

The Royal Gardens are indebted to Mr. Baxter for one of 
the two plants preserved at Oxford, and from this the figure 
here given was made. 

As a species, F. coccinea is much more graceful than any 
of the varieties of F. Magellanica, flowers even more freely, 
and is readily distinguished by the almost sessile leaves with 
broad bases, and the hairy twigs and petioles ; further, its 
foliage turns of a bright crimson when about to fall. — ■ 
/. R H. 



Yig. 1. Flower, with one calyx-lobe removed : — magnified. 



5711. 




W. Fitch, del et Mi 



Brooke I'ay *■'■*-.. iux\> 



Tab. 5741. 

APHELANDBA nitens. 
Glossy -leaved Aphelandra. 



Nat. Ord. Acanthaoe^:. — Didybamia Gymnospebmia. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 5463.) 



Apuelandba nitens ; glaberrima, caule tereti robusto, foliis breviter et 
crasse petiolatis crasse coriaceis ovatis subacutis, basi in petiolum de- 
currentibus margiuibus recurvis supra laete-viridibus nitidis subtus 
atro-purpureis,spica simplici erecta elongata stricta 4-gona, bracteis 
imbricatis pollicaribus pallide viridibus ovato-lanceolatis acuminatis 
serratis concavis carinatis nervosis, floribus miniatis, bracteis subula- 
tis sepalis subulato-lanceolatis aristato-acuminatis paulo brevioribus, 
corolla? tubo gracili calycem superaute, limbi labio superiore parvo 
erecto convoluto inferiore amplo 3-partito lobis obovato-oblongis 
patentibus integerrimis lateralibus minoribus, staminibus labio supe- 
riore involutis. 



A near ally of the A. aurantiaca, Lindl. (Tab. nostr. 4224), 
but a much more beautiful plant, and indeed one of the 
handsomest of the splendid Order to which it belongs. No- 
thing can exceed the brilliant glossy polish of the upper sur- 
face of the leaves, the dark vinous purple of their under sur- 
face, and the brightness of the vermilion-scarlet of the co- 
rolla. It is a native of Guayaquil, in New Granada, from 
whence it was sent to England by Mr. Pearce, when collect- 
ing for Messrs. Veitch, and flowered in the Royal Exotic 
Nurseries, Chelsea, in May of the present year. 

Descr. Stem in the specimen figured three feet high, 
stout, erect, sparingly branched, cylindrical, green, quite gla- 
brous. Leaves four to six inches long, narrowed into petioles 
of a quarter to half an inch, exactly ovate, subacute, quite 
entire, thick and coriaceous, brilliant polished green on the 
upper surface with impressed veins and recurred margins, 
beneath deep vinous-purple. Spike terminal, erect, six inches 
long, one inch in diameter, simple, shortly peduncled, tetra- 

NOVEMBEB 1ST, 1868. 



gonous, of numerous imbricating appressed bracts. Bracts 
one inch and a half long, ovate-lanceolate, concave, keeled, 
serrate, pale green, veined. Flowers an inch to an inch and 
a half in diameter, bright vermilion-scarlet. Bracts subu- 
late. Sepals elongate-lanceolate, aristate, puberulous, longer 
than the bracts. Corolla-tube longer than the calyx, upper 
limb of one small erect lobe, convolute and concealing the 
stamens ; lower lip broad, of three obovate- oblong, substipi- 
tate, spreading lobes, the central the largest. Style very 
slender. — J.I). H. 



Fig. 1. Bracts, calyx, and style : — mar/nijied. 



5742. 




">V r Fitch, del.et Mi 



YincantBrooto.Day&S^J 



Tab. 5742. 
GENTIANA Pyrenaica. 

Pyrenean Gentian. 



Nat. Ord. Gentiane^:. — Pentandrta Monogtnia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx 4-10-fidus v. partitus, rarissime spathaceus et fissus. 
Corolla infundibuliformis, campanulata v. rotata, fauce nuda v. barbato- 
fimbriata, limbo 4-5-fido rarius 10-fido, lobis alternis nanis. Stamina 4-5, 
corolla? tubo inserta, filamentis basi aequalibus ; anthera? erectse, immutatae, 
rimis dehiscentes. Ovarium 1-loculare ; stylus brevis, stigmate 2-partito 
obtuso ; ovula numerosa, placentis 2 parietalibus affixa. Capsula 2-valvis, 
polysperma. Semina minima, compressa. — Herbae perennes, regionum tem- 
peratarum imprimis hemispharii horealis incolce. 



Gektiana (Chondropbyllum) Pyrenaica ; caulibus csespitosis brevibus 
florem subrcquantibus, foliis anguste lauceolatis mucronatis margine 
scaberulis calycis 5-fidi appressi lobis ovato-lanceolatis acutis corolla? 
tubum dimidi'um aequantibus, corollse hypocraterimorphee cyanese tubo 
sensim ampliato lobos 10 ovales dupio superante, capsula elliptical 
stipitata. 

GrENTiANA Pyrenaica. Linn. Mant. p. 55. Gouan, Obs. p. 7. t. 2. / 2. 
Kitaibel, Plant. Hung. t. 207. Griseb. in DC. Prodr. vol. 9. p. 105. 
Reich. Fl. Germ. t. 1050./. 2. 



Thanks, especially to the exertions of the Messrs. Back- 
house, the horticultural-loving public begin to understand 
the ease and effectiveness with which many alpine plants can 
be cultivated, and the beautiful appearance they make. 
Amongst these the Gentians are proverbial for their 
beauty, and, with the single exception of G. acauh's, have 
been hitherto equally so for their difficulty of culture, being, 
in fact, one of the opprobria of horticulturists. Of the 
success that attends care and judgment we may judge by 
the fact that Messrs. Backhouse and Sons cultivate many 
species in the open air, and are constantly adding to the 
number. Of these, G. Pyrenaica is one of the rarest and 
most beautiful ; it is a native of the Pyrenees and Alps of 
Hungary, Caucasus, and Armenia, at elevations of 5-8000 
feet above the sea level. Like its congeners, it is an early 
fiowerer, and the specimens from which the accompanying 

NOVEMBER 1ST, 1868. 



figure was made were sent by Messrs. Backhouse in full 
flower from the Nurseries near York in March of this year. 
For the method of cultivation of this and other alpines, I 
would refer the reader to their excellent annotated catalogue. 
DesCR. A dwarf, tufted, hardy, perennial-rooted herb. 
Stem* short, an inch to an inch and a half long, clothed with 
narrow-lanceolate, acute, coriaceous, rough-edged leaves. 
Flowers solitary, sessile on the tips of the stems, and of about 
the same length. Calyx tubular, with five short acute lobes. 
Corolla salver-shaped, three-quarters of an inch in diameter, 
with a rather funnel-shaped tube, ten-lobed, green exter- 
nally ; lobes within deep prussian blue, edges crenulate. 
Ovary stipitate.- — J. I). H. 



Fig. 1. Bud. 2. Corolla laid open. 3. Ovary: — all magnified. 



5743. 




Tab. 5743. 

ONCIDIUM MACKANTHUM. 

Large-jloivered Oncidium. 



Nat. Ord. Orchide^. — Gysandiua Monamkia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4148.) 



Oncidium (Microchila) macranthum ; pseudobulbis ovoideo-ampullifor- 
niibus leviter sulcatis, foliis lanceolato-lorifbrmibus acuminatis strjctis, 
floribus niaximis, sepalis unguiculatis orbicularibus basi cordatisunrlu- 
latis obtusis, petalis sequalibus conformibus sed unguibus brevioribus, 
labelli parvi crassi hastati lobis lateralibus deltoideo-ovatis acuminatis 
cornutis intermedio elongato-triangulari apice angustato linguifornii 
acuto, crista? lobis 3 omnibus 2-coruutis, cornubus recurvis, columns 
alis rotundatis. 

O.NX'iBiuir macranthum. Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orchid '. p. 205 ; Folia Or- 
chidacra, Oncidium, p. 4 ; et in Paxt. Fl. Gard. v. 2. p. 126. 



Truly described by Lindley as a " magnificent species ; " 

one plant of it, indeed, is enough to ornament a house of 
considerable dimensions. It appears to be not uncommon 
in Pern and New Granada, there being many specimens of 
it in our Herbaria. It was first described from specimens 
collected by the celebrate! Peruvian travellers, Ruiz ami 
Pavon, and preserved in Lambert's Herbarium, and which 
were labelled as from Guayaquil. This is, however, no doubt 
an error, as it is a mountain plant, and, like most of its con- 
geners, prefers a cool rather than an intermediate house. 

Professor Jameson, of Quito, gathered it on the Andes at 
7000 feet, Hartweg at the foot of Tangnragua at 14,000 feet, 
and Matthews in Peru, the exact locality not known. The 
superb specimen here figured flowered at the Earl of Londes- 
borough's in the spring of this year, and it shortly afterwards 
flowered at Mr. Witch's establishment. The blossoms re- 
main in perfection for several weeks, which renders it a pe- 
culiarly valuable plant for ornamental purposes. 

Descr. Pseudobulbs ovoid or flagon-shaped, three inches 

DECEJTBE! 1 ST, L868. 



long, turgid, grooved. Leaves a foot long by an inch to an 
inch and a half broad, narrow lanceolate, acuminate. Pa- 
nicle climbing, two to three feet long, lax-branched, many- 
flowered. Bracts three-quarters of an inch long, cymbiform. 
Floivers three to four inches in diameter, on pedicels which, 
together with the ovary, are three to three and a half 
inches long. Sepals clawed, orbicular-oblong, obtuse, cor- 
date at the base, waved, upper dirty yellow-brown, lateral 
dull orange-yellow, claws green. Petals similar to the sepals, 
but with shorter claws, pale golden-yellow, streaked with 
blood-red at the very base. Lip hastate, very thick and co- 
riaceous, much smaller than tin 1 sepals, lateral lobes forming 
short, rather recurved horns, middle ones with a hemisphe- 
rical base and tongue-shaped acuminate limb. These lobes 
are dark purple-brown, except the tip and disk of the middle 
lobe, which is yellow. Crests three, white, each two-lobed, 
the lobes recurved. Winqs of column rounded, purple- 
brown.— J. I). II 



5744. 




W Fitch del. etlith. 



fecentBroote.Da? fcSon. bnp 



Tab. 5744. 

PAEROTIA Persica. 

Persian ParroUa. 



Wat. Ord. Hamamelldeje.— Pentandeia DlOYFIA. 

Gen. Cliar. Calyx carnpanulatus, basi ovario adbrerens, lobis 5-7 coriaceis 
persistentibus. Petala 0. Stamina 5-7, perigyna, calycis lobis opposita, 
filameutis filiforniibus ; antberae basifixse, connective) mutieo v. mucronato. 
Ovarium semi-inferum, 2-loculare; styli 2, stigmatibus simplicibus ; ovula 
in loculis solitaria. Capsula lignosa, semisupera, 2-valvis, valvis 2-partibi- 
libus, endocarpio corneo soluto 2-valvi. Semina oblonga, testa atra nitida. 
— Arbores et frutices, Persiae et Kasbmirse incolae. Folia oblonga v. orbi- 
cularis, decidua, crenata. Stipulse amplrz, deciduce. Flores pracoces, con- 
ferti, subcapitati, bractcis amplis membranaceis involucrati, tomentosi. 



Pakkotia Persica ; foliis breviter petiolatis obovato-oblongis basi rotun- 
datis obtusis ultra mediain grosse crenato-serratis, antheris linearibus 
mucronatis. 

Paeeotia Persica. C. A. Meyer, Index Gam. p. 47. Ledebour, PI. Boss, 
v. 2. p. 377. 

Hamamelts Persica. DC. Prodr. v. 4. p. 268. 



The tree now figured for the first time is one of the rarest 
in cultivation. It is a native of the Trans- Caucasian pro- 
vinces of Russia, and of Northern Persia. Two small trees 
of it exist in the Royal Gardens, which were received as pot- 
plants from St. Petersburg some twenty-five to thirty years 
ago ; one of these is trained against a west wall, the other, 
which is nine feet high, stands in the open ground, and the 
latter flowered abundantly in March of the present year. 
The great beauty of the plant consists in the magnificent co- 
louring of the foliage in late autumn, when the leaves usually 
turn of a brilliant orange and golden-yellow and scarlet, and 
hang upon the plant on the wall till late m winter ; on the 
plant in the open ground they are shed much sooner. During 
the present year, however, this colouring has been very dnll, 
a peculiarity shared by the Scarlet Oaks, American Maples, 
tiquidambar and Salisburias at Kew, all of which have 

DEOEMBEB 1st, 1808. 



turned of a dull yellow or purple or brown, instead of their 
usual brilliant hues. The genus was named in honour of 
the Russian Professor Parrot, who made the first ascent of 
Mount Ararat in 1829. The wood of Farrotia is stated to be 
excessively hard and durable, whence the tree is called in Per- 
sian Temir-Agatsch, or "iron tree." There is but one other 
species of the genus, P. Jacquemontiana, Decne., a native of 
the Kashmir Himalaya. 

Descr. A small tree, ten to fifteen feet high, with spread- 
ing branches and very hard wood. Leaves alternate, on 
short downy petioles, three to four inches long, one and a 
half to two and a half inches broad, broadly ovate- or obo- 
vate-oblong, rounded at the base, coarsely and crenately 
toothed beyond the middle, more or less jmbescent below 
when young with silky hairs, beautifully plaited (like beech- 
leaves) in vernation, brilliantly coloured in autumn. Flowers 
appearing before the leaves in lateral and terminal involu- 
crate heads on the young branchlets ; bracts oblong, decidu- 
ous, outer dark and scaly, inner membranous, greenish. 
Flowers small, conspicuous for their spreading stamens with 
scarlet anthers. Calyx of five to seven oblong lobes, with 
silky apices. Corolla none. Filaments half an inch long, 
five times as long as the calyx-lobes ; anthers linear, apicu- 
late. Ovary of two carpels, with long recurved styles, and 
several ovules in each cell.' — J. I). H. 



Fig. 1. Male flower. 2. Anther. 3. Ovary, t. Bipe fruit (from dried 
specimen) : — all magnified. 



5145. 




W.Fitch.del.etBth 



mcentBroote.Day* 



Tab. 5745. 

CAMPANULA isopiiylla. 

IAgurian Campan ula. 

Nat. Ord. CAMPAtfULACEiE.-PBNTANJmiA MoNOGYNIA. 

n nin, Cnlur <5 fidus CorolU 5-loba v. 5-fida, ssepius campanulata. 

ciduis tectus,stigmatibus 3-b , ovula =»• "9 mril , tal : , ursu ,„ dehiaceoti- 
locularta, loculis prope \mm v. ap.cen val ™ la P a ™'f ' ul 5 " ■„„„ , 

• ? ?? Minn Albescens v. elabrata, rhizoroate ramoso, 
CuOUTOLA floribunda. Mn «• ^'<- 4H«"** W ' 

A very beautiful and «•»*&**££ IJ-V-J - 
of the ancient Iiguna, as the district , be ^ ' r( „, kv 
Tuscany and the Apennines was c f «; 'Xotcrian Her- 
sea cliffs; there are also specimens >i he H °o*e i 
barium collected on the east of *«£P"^K was te- 
„C Fcriale, in Modena. The *»» en be re fig rea ^ 

ceived from J. ^Kf'S .doomed in the 
on the shores of the Kivieia an presenting a 

Royal Garden. **£?£» JEtSZ Laideralle 
mass of most loveij Dine nowt 

time. , ,i . KmnrYipd stock, sending 

,,,.,, BtaM ;;:,;';; ,11.',;,'. ouches, fo| 

out very many short. slender, i< .u> . ;il , 

to eight inches high, bearing flowers abundantly. 

DBCKMSXB 1ST, 1868. 



very uniform in size and shape, none radical in the flowering 
state of the plant, all on slender petioles, an inch to an inch 
and a half long, two-thirds to three-quarters of an inch 
broad, broadly ovate-cordate, coarsely crenate-dentate, or al- 
most lobulate, usually covered thickly with a hoary pubes- 
cence, sometimes nearly glabrous. Flowers pedicellate, an 
inch to an inch and a quarter in diameter, pale, but very 
bright blue, with orange-yellow pollen in the style. Calyx- 
lobes narrow, linear-oblong, entire or with one or two teeth, 
spreading, about half as long as the corolla. Corolla broadly 
campanulate, lobed almost to the middle, lobes spreading. 
Style slender, exserted ; stigmas three. — J. I). H. 



Fig. 1. Flower with corolla removed -.—marfnified. 



574 6. 




W. Fitdi.de. 



"ftncent BrociksJ)«yASoa 



Tar. 574G. 
LYCHNIS (Petuocoptis) Lagasoe. 

Lagasca's Lychnis. 



Nat. Ord. Caryophylijele. — Pentandria Tri-pentagynu. 

Gen. Char. Calyx inflato-ovoideo- v. clavato-tubulosus, 5-dentatus, 10- 
nervius. Petala 5, ungue angusto, lamina integra 2-fida v. laciniata, basi 
saspius 2-squamata. Stamina 10. Torus in gynophorum stipitiforme plus 
minus elongatus. Ovarium 1-loculare v. ima basi septatum, co-ovulatum ; 
styli 5, rarius 4 v. 3. Capsula apice in dentes v. valvas breves tot quot styli 
v. duplo plures debiscens. Semina umbilico marginali affixa, tuberculata 
v. laevia ; embryo periphericus. — Herbae, saspius erectce, Tiabitu Silenum. 
Flores scepe speciosi. 



LTcnNis (Petrocoptis) Lagascce ; glaberrima, glauca, caulibus caespitosis 
dicbotome ramosis inferne 4-quetri3 ramosissin.is, foliis sessilibus basi 
subconnatis integerrimis obsolete nervosis, infimia linearibus obtusis 
mediis ovato-lanceolatis subacutis, summis lanceolatis, floribus in di- 
cbotomiis et in summis ramulorum longe pedunculatis, pedunculis 
lateralibus medio 2-bracteolatis, calyce obsolete striato, petalis retusis, 
sty lis 3-5, seminibus stropbiolatis. 

Petrocoptis Lagascse. WillJcomm, Ic. et Descr. Plant. Ilisp. r. 1. p. 32. 
t. 21 ; et Serf. Fl. Hisp. p. 24. Walp. Ann. v. 4. p. 292. 

Silenopsis Lagasc». Willkomm in Bot. Zeit. 1847, p. 237. Walp. Rep. 
v. 1. p. 92. 



This is at once one of the most beautiful and most rare of 
the vock-plants now under cultivation in England, its native 
locality being confined to a very narrow belt of the sub- 
alpine region of the North-Western Pyrenees, where it has 
been seen by but two or three botanists, whilst for beauty it 
is difficult to conceive anything more sparkling, and at the 
same time delicate, than the rose-coloured, white-eyed blos- 
soms. The tendency of the plant is to form a hemispherical 
mass in the pot, when it resembles in habit and colour, but 
on a large scale, one of those lovely pink Androaaces of the 
glacial regions of the Eastern Alps, which have hitherto all 
but defied our most skilful cultivators. The Royal Gardens 
are indebted for this gem to Mr. Niven, formerly of Kew, 
now the energetic curator of the Hull Botanic Gardens; it 
flowered in May of the present year. 

decemrf.r 1st, 1SGS. 



The figure in Willkomm's Icones gives no idea either of 
the beauty or habit of the plant ; it was confessedly executed 
from dried specimens, and represents the flowers as white. 

Descr. A low, perennial, glabrous, glaucous, tufted herb. 
Stems densely dichotomous, branched, two to four inches 
long, leafy below. Lotvest leaves linear, obtuse ; middle ones 
ovate-lanceolate, half an inch to three-quarters of an inch 
long, subacute, sessile, connate at the base ; upper smaller, 
lanceolate. Peduncles terminal and in the forks, one to two 
inches long, strict, erect ; lateral ones with two minute bracts, 
middle naked. Flowers two-thirds of an inch in diameter, 
produced in profusion. Calyx clavate, obscurely striate, half 
an inch long, green and dull red. Petals clawed ; blade 
pale rose-colour, with two white acute scales at the base, re- 
tuse and slightly erose at the apex. Styles three to five. 
Seeds with a woolly strophiolus. — T.I). H. 



Fig. 1. Petal. 2. G-ynophore and ovary : — loth mac/7iified. 



5747 




Vincent Brock 



Tab. 5747. 
AGALMYLA staminea. 

Long-stamened Agahnyla. 



Nat. Ord. CrRTANDEACE.E. — DlANDRIA MoNOGrSTIA. 

Gen. Gliar. Calyx quinquepartitus, sequalis. Corolla hypogyna, tubulosa, 
incurva, tubo basi annulo villosa, fauce dilatato, limbo obliquo 5-lobo sub- 
2-labiato. Stamina antherifera 4, filamentis longe exsertis ; anthers pa- 
rallel®, apicibus connatis ; staminuru rudimenta 3, brevia, setiformia. Ova- 
rium elongatum, lineare, stipitatum, disco tumido insidens, in stylum 
validum attenuatum, stigmate scqu'aliter 2-lobo ; ovula numerosa. Capsula 
siliquseformis, elongata, pseudo-4-loeularis, 2-valvis, polysperma. Semina 
pendula, apice nuclei affixa, utrinque monotricha. — Herbae tropica;, altera 
Javanica altera Borneensis, caule radicante. Folia alterna, oblonga, acu- 
minata, denticulata. Flores axillares, fasciculati. 



Agalmtla staminea ; caule brevi prostrato radicante, foliis longe valide 
petiolatis ovato-lanceolatis serratis supra glabris subtus nnirginibus- 
que sparse pubescentibus multinerviis, fasciculis floruin BUDradica- 
libus, floribus gracile pedicellatis. 

Agalmtla staminea. Blame, Bijdragen, p. 767. Brown in Bennett, Plant 
Jav.p. 116. Hook. Ic. PL t.' 733, 734. A. DC. Prod. v. 0. p. 268' 
Paxt. Mag. Bot. v. 15. p. 73, cum ic. Van Houttc, Flore den & 
v. 4. t. 358. 

Justicia parasitica. Lamarck, Ilhtstr. v. 1. p. 42. 

Ci'etandka staminea. Vahl, Bnuvi. v. 1. p. 105. 



A brilliantly-coloured stove-plant, native of Java, where 
it grows in mountain woods, and first introduced into Euro- 
pean gardens by Mr. Lobb, the late intelligent and energetic 
collector for Messrs. Veitch and Sons. 

The specimen here figured flowered in the Royal Gardens 
in June of the present year, and continued flowering for 
several weeks. 

Descr. Stem stout, almost as thick as the little finger, a 
foot long, creeping and rooting from the lower surface. 
Leaves alternate, with an abortive one opposite the base of 
each, erect, on stout petioles four to eight niches long. Blade 

DECEMBER 1ST, 1868. 



as long, ovate or oblong-lanceolate, deep green and glabrous 
above, below paler and as well as the margins covered with 
a fine appressed pubescence ; nerves strong and numerous, 
margin coarsely serrate. Mowers in large axillary sessile 
fascicles of eight to fourteen together, pedicelled, pedicel 
half an inch long, with an oblong-lanceolate bract of the 
same length at the base. Calyx greenish-red, of five linear 
lobes with recurved apices. Corolla scarlet, pubemlous, two 
inches long, five times as long as the calyx ; tube dilated 
below the mouth, with a ring of hairs near the base ; lobes 
short, obtuse, recurved. Stamens two ; filaments dark purple, 
slender, very long and exserted ; anthers parallel, cohering 
by their tips, red purple. Staminodes, three small bristles. 
Ovary very slender, stipitate, the stipes inserted in a tumid 
disk ; style stout ; stigma two-lobed. — J. D. H. 



Fig. 1. Calyx and ovary. 2. Base of ovary, its stipes and disk :— loth 
magnified. 



INDEX, 

In which the English Names of the Plants contained in the 
Twenty-fourth Volume of the Third Series (or Ninety- 
fourth Volume of the Work) are alphabetically arranged. 



Plate. 

5717 Abutilon, standard-flowered. 

5738 Acridocarpus, Port Natal. 

5728 Aerides, mitre-spurred. 

5747 Agalmyla, long-stamened. 

5716 Agave, Dasylirion-like. 

5741 Aphelandra, glossy-leaved. 

5700 Aristolochia, Gaping-flowered. 
5695 Begonia, glandular. 

5707 , sickle-leaved. 

5689 Dr. Sutherland's. 

5735 Betel Palm, Norfolk Island. 
5734 Blandfordia, Allan Cunning- 
ham's. 

5745 Campanula, dense-flowered. 
5683 Cattleya, Ametnyst-lipped. 
5724 Cenoula da Bocha. 

5 (> S 6 Coburgia, tricoloured. 

5705 Cochliostema, General Jacob"? 

5084 Cotyledon, velvety-leaved. 

5710 Cymbidhun, pendulous , 

Jlotcered rar. 
5703 Dcndrobe, clustered-ilow i 
5096 Dicentranthera, large-leaved. 
5731 Epidendrum, paniculate. 

5711 Eranthemum, speckled-fb 
5714 Erythroniura, gigantic. 

5 740 Fuchsia, seariet. 

5742 Gentian, Pyrenean. 

5 70:2 Hibiscus, marble-flowered. 

5 709 Honeysuckle, Standish's. 

5690 Hypoxis, tall. 

5701 Ipsea, beautiful. 
5699 Kola-nut tree. 

6730 Leavenworthia, golden-flowered. 
5 7(>(i Lycaste, Mrs. Harrington's; 
large-Jloicered rar. 

5746 Lychnis, Lagasca's. 



Plate. 

5739 Masdevallia, Mr. Veitch's. 

5718 Nasonia, Cinnabar-red. 

5697 Odontoglossum, Princess of 

Wales's ; spotted var. 

5691 Odontoglossum, Princess of 

Wales's ; Dr. Trianas var. 

5736 Odontoglot, narrow-petaled. 
5708 Oncidium, alpine. 

5743 large-flowered. 

5725 Mr. Marshall's. 

5687 Ophelia, winged, narrow-leaved, 

and panicled. 

5723 Orchid, Medusa' s-head. 

5712 Ophrys, spider. 

5722 Palmite, South African. 

5737 Passion-flower, curly-fringed. 

5744 Parrotia, Persian. 

5719 Peony, Himalayan. 

5720 Pharbitis, white-edged. 

5721 Pleroma, large-flowered. 

5732 Puya, Mr. White's Chilian. 
5704 Baphistemma, ciliated. 

5724 Rock Carrot. 

5729 Sarcocaulon, Burrnann's. 

5726 Spiraea, palmate-leaved. 

5693 St. John's- wort, spreading. 

5692 Stapelia, Mr. Plant's. 
5715 Stobaea, round-headed. 

5713 Strophantus, South African. 

5694 Thunia, Mrs. Benson's. 

5733 Toad-flax, Marjoram-leaved. 

5688 Trichocentrum, purple and white. 

5698 Vernonia, Signor Calvo's. 
5685 Vine, flat-stemmed. 

5727 Yamamo-nioki of Japan. 
5 7^7 Yangmae fruit of China. 



INDEX, 

In which the Latin Names of the Plants contained in the 
Twenty-fourth Volume of the Third Series (or Ninety. 
fourth Volume of the Work) are alphabetically arranged. 



Plate. 

5717 

571 G 
5741 
5735 

5700 
5707 
5695 
5689 
5731 
5 745 
5683 
5686 
5 7(15 
5 GO 9 

5710 

5703 
5696 
5711 

5714 

5 710 
5702 
5693 

5780 

5 7.13 



Abutilon vexillarium. 
Acridocarpus Natalities, 
Aerides mitratum. 
Agalmyla staminea. 
Agave dasylirioides. 
Aphelaudra nitens. 
Areca Baucri. 
Aristolochia ringens. 
Begonia falcifolia. 

— glandulifera. 

Sutherlandi. 

Blandfordia Cunningbamii. 
Campanula isophylla. 
Cattlcya amethystoglossa. 
Coburgia triehroma. 
Cochliostema Jacobianum. 
Cola acuminata. 
Cotyledon velutina. 
Cynibidium pendulum; var. atro- 

purpurea. 
Dendrobium cumulatum. 
Dicentrantbera macrophylla. 
Erantbemum aspersum. 
Kpidendrum paniculatum. 
F.rythronium giganteum. 
Fuchsia coccinea. 
Gentiana Pyrenaica. 
Hibiscus mannoratus. 
Hypericum patulum. 
Hypoxia elata. 
Ipsea speciosa. 
Leavenworth ia aurea. 
Linaria orignnifolia ; var. cram- 

Lomcera Stamlishii. 

irringtofflae; var. 



Plate. 

5746 Lychnis (Petrocoptis) Lagascre. 
5739 Masdevallia Veitchiana. 
5724 Monizia edulis. 
5727 Myrica Nagi. 
5723 Nanodes Medusas. 

5718 Nasonia punctata. 

5697 Odontoglossum Alexandras ; var. 

guttatum. 
5691 Odontoglossum Alexandras; var. 

Trianae. 

5736 constrictum. 

5708 Oncidium cucullatuvn; var. unbi- 

(jenmn. 

5743 — macranthum. 

5725 Marshalliauum. 

5687 Ophelia alata, angustifolia, and 

paniculata. 
5712 Ophrys insect ifera; var. araui- 
fera. 

5719 Pseonia Brnodi. 

5744 Parrotia Persica. 
5737 Passiflora cincinnata. 

5720 Pharbitis Nil ; var. Imbata. 

5721 Pleroma macranthum. 

5722 Prionium Palmita. 
5732 Puya Whytei. 

5704 Raphistemma ciliatum. 
5729 Sarcocaulon Burmanni. 
5726 Spirasa palmata. 
5692 Stapelia Plant ii. 
5 715 Stobasa spluerocephala. 
5713 Stropbanthus Capensis. 
5694 Thunia Beusonias. 
5688 Trichocentrum albo-pnrpuretun. 
5698 Vernonia (Stengelia) Calvoana. 
8 planicaulis.