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Want* of rtje &ogal <2frar&en$ of lUfo 






(Or Vol. XOV. of the Whole Work.) 


:< Fair pledges of a fruitful 1 1 
Why do ye fall so fast t 
Toot date is not so pa~;t j 
Rnt you may stay yet here awhile 
To blush and gently 
And so at I 

a if. 

L. 71 KEY 




Mo. Bo len, 





The accomplished Artist and Lithographer of upwards of Two 
Thousand Five Hundred Plates already Published of the 
" Botanical Magazine," this volume is dedicated 

By his faithful 

And sincere friend, 


Rotal Gardens, Kew, 
Dec. 1, 1869. 


Fitch, del ethtl 

"VbicentBrooks,Day"& Son Imp. 

Tab. 5718. 

ERAS SI A Lawkenciana, var. longissima. 

Mr. Lawrences Brassia, long-sepaled variety. 

Nat. Ord. Orchide^i. — GtYNandbia Monandria. 

Gen. Char. Perianthium explanatum. Sepala et petala angusta, libera, 
lequalia, his nunc minoribus. Labellum planum, indivisum, ecalcaratum, 
cum columna continuum, basi bicristatum. Columna nana, libera, aptera. 
Anthera 1-locularis. Pollinia 2, postice sulcata ; caudicula brevi ; glan- 
dula crassa. — Herba) epiphyticce, acaules, pseudobulbosce, America tropica 
incola. Folia coriacea. Scapi radicates, basi bracteati. Flores .speciosi, 
spicati. Lindl. 

Beassta Laivrenciana ; sepalis lateralibus elongatis, labello oblongo apice 
lanceolato subundulato, callo baseos simplici caualiculato truncato 
pubesceute. Lindl. 

Brassia Lawrenciaua. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. v. 27. t. 18. 

Var. lonyissima, sepalis longisaime caudatis, labello oblongo-lanceolato sub- 

tiliter aristato-acuminato ima basi abrupte excavato. Reichb. fil. in 

Gard. Citron. 1868, p. 1313. 

This magnificent Orchid is a native of Costa liica, and was 
flowered last September by Wentworth Buller, Esq., F.L.S., 
of Strete Raleigh, Exeter, who informs me that one spike 
bore no less than thirteen fragrant flowers, of the size and 
colour represented in our Plate. 

When figuring the original Brassia Lawrenciana, Dr. 
Lindley well remarked that " the species of this genus are 
difficult to distinguish from one another, especially those 
which have the lateral sepals much lengthened out." The 
flowers of the original state are not half so large as those of 
our plants, the lateral sepals measuring barely three inches, 
whilst they are fully seven inches long in the var. longissima ; 
the colours, too, are considerably different, a deep orange- 
yellow, with few large, broad, purple blotches in the variety, 
but a pale golden-yellow, with more, much smaller, paler, 
redder bars in the original. In more important characters, 
however, the two plants agree so closely, that I have followed 

•TASUABY 1ST, 1860. 

Professor H. Reichenbach in referring the splendid plant 
here figured to its comparatively pigmy and pale-flowered 
predecessor, described by Dr. Lindley. It should further be 
stated that Mr. Lawrence's plant is said to be a native of 
Brazil, whilst Mr. Wentworth Buller's comes from Costa 
Rica ; but in the early days of Orchidology, localities and 
habitats were not much attended to. 

Descr. Pseudobulbs three inches and a half long, oblong 
in outline, much compressed, with very acute thin edges, 
quite smooth, even, and bright green. Leaves six to eight 
inches long, oblong-lanceolate, coriaceous, very dark green. 
Bracts at the base of the pseudobulb, often leafy. Spikes 
from the base of the peduncle, two feet long, nearly hori- 
zontal, drooping at the apex, m any -flowered ; bracteoles 
short and small. Ovary one inch long, narrowed into a 
stout pedicel. Sepals very long and slender, a quarter of an 
inch broad at the base, lateral upwards of seven inches long, 
dark orange-yellow, with a few large, deep red-purple 
blotches towards the base. Petals erect, similar to the sepals, 
and as broad, but much shorter, two to three inches long. 
Lip three inches long, ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, pale yel- 
low, with a ring of purple spots at the base, surrounding two 
raised parallel ridges that are slightly pubescent and termi- 
nate in tubercles. Edges of column pubescent.—/. D. H. 

Fig. 1. Base of lip and column :— magnified. 


W. Fitch, del etlith. 

Vincent Brooks Day&San. Imp 

Tab. 5749. 

IBERIDELLA hotundifolia. 
Bound-leaved Iberidella. 

Nat. Ord. Crtjcieer^;. — Tetradynamia Silictjlosa. 

Gen. Char. Sepala erecta, basi aequalia. Petala aequalia. Stamina libera, 
edentula. Siliqua compressa, oblonga v. lanceolata, acuta v. acuminata ; 
valvis carinatis v. subalatis ; septo angusto membranaceo ; stylo elongato, 
stigmate emarginato. Semina in loculis 2-6, oblonga, iramarginata ; coty- 
ledones accumbentes, interdum obliquse. — Suffrutices v. berbae scepius basi 
ramosi, glabri, montium Europe australis, Syria?, Persise, et Asia? Minoris 
incolcd. Folia alterna et opposita, Integra. Mores racemosi, albi lilacini 
v. rosei. 

Iberidella. rotundifolia; humilis, glaberrima, radice elongata, ramis con- 
fertis ascendentibus foliosis, folds oppositis parvis carnosulis obovatis 
v. obovato-rotundatis obtusis integerrimis v. obscure sinuato-dentatis 
radicalibus petiolatis caulinis sessilibus basi obtusis v. auriculatis, ra- 
cemis oblongis densifloris, pedicellis gracilibus patentibus, petalis li- 
laciuis, siliquis obovato-oblongis acuminatis stylo persisteute termi- 
nals, valvis carinatis, loculis 2-spermis. 

Thlaspi rotuudifolium. Gaud. Fl. Helvet. v. 4. p. 219. . 

Thlaspi cepeaefolium. Koch, Fl. Germ. ed. 2. p. 75. 

Thlaspi corymbosum. Reichb. Ic. Fl. Germ. v. 2. p. 3. t. G.f. 4224. 

Hut chinsia rotundifolia. R. Brown in Hort. Kew. ed. 2. v. 4. p. 82. DC. 
Prodr. v. 1. p. 177. 

Hutciiinsia cepeaefolia. DO. St/st. v. 2. p. 386. Prod. v. 1. p. 177. 

Hutchinsia corymbosa. J. Gag, in Sgllog. Ratisb. v. 1. p. 169. 

Iberis rotundifolia. Linn. Sp. PI. n. 905. 

1 berts cepeaefolia. Wulf. in Jacq. Misc. v. 2. p. 28./. 1. 

Noccea cepeaefolia. Reichb. Fl. Excurs. p. 663. 

A lovely little rock-plant, native chiefly of shingly calca- 
reous soils in the Alps of Europe, from Mont Cenis to Ca- 
rinthia, at elevations of 6-9000 feet. It flowered in the 
Royal Gardens, Kew, in April last, and at the same period 
in Messrs. Backhouse's establishment at York; the Kew 
plants were received from the Zurich Botanic Gardens; 
Messrs. Backhouse's were imported from the Monte Rosa 

J.VNUARr 1st, lS(Ji). 

Alps. The plant is variable in habit, in the colour of the 
foliage, and its glaucousness ; the Zurich variety is denser, 
deeper green, and has stouter racemes of more numerous 
flowers than the Monte Rosa ones, the lower leaves of which 
are of a lovely glaucous hue, variegated with red- purple, and 
the inflorescence laxer and fewer flowered. 

The species has been transferred from genus to genus 
until the late settlement of the Tlilaspideous crucifers in the 
' Genera Plantarum.' There can, I think, be no doubt that 
it is a close ally of the more Eastern forms that constitute 
the genus Iberidella, which differ from Thlaspi in the acute 
pod, from Iberis in the equal petals, and from Hutchinsia in 
the long style and foliage. 

Descr. A densely-tufted, more or less glaucous-green, 
glabrous herb, wdth a long perennial tap-root, that burrows 
deep amongst stones. Stems three to six inches long, ascend- 
ing. Leaves mostly opposite, small, fleshy, one-third to three- 
quarters of an inch long ; radical petioled, broadly obovate 
or almost orbicular, quite entire or obscurely sinuate-toothed ; 
cauline sessile, obtuse or auricled at the base. Flowers half 
an inch in diameter, in cylindric, crowded, erect racemes, pale 
lilac, with a yellow eye ; pedicels horizontal. — /. I). H. 

Fig. I. Flower. 2. Ditto, with the calyx and petals removed. 3. Ovary: 
— all magnified. 


Tab. 5750. 


Woolly-jlotvered Tacsonia. 


Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 5571.) 

Tacsonia eriantha; caule glabrato, foliia latis profunde 3-lobis 5-nervibus 
lobis oyatis calloso-serratis supra glabris subtus niveo-tomentosis venis 
glabratis, atipulia dimidiato-orbiculatis aristato-dentatis, bracteis con- 
natie venoaia veins viridibus calyceque albo-lanatis, calycis tubo elon- 
gato, Jobis petalisque consimihbua oblongis apice rotundatis roseis 
coroms breviaamns exteriore carnosulo dentato intermedio integro in- 
teriore crenidato. & ' 

Tacsonia eriantha. Benth. PL Hartweg. 133. Walp. Eep. v. 5. 773. 

A noble plant, resembling in habit and colour of flower the 
well-known T. mollissima (Tab. nostr. 4187*), from which 
however it differs conspicuously in the white undersurface 
ot the foliage and long bracts ; these species, and others not 
yet introduced, are natives of the temperate Andes of Ecua- 
dor and New Granada, and are cultivated in the Gardens of 
Quito, whence they have been introduced into this country 
1 he one here figured was sent by Professor Jameson, of that 
city, to Isaac Anderson Henry, Esq., F.L.S., of Hay Lodge 
Edinburgh, with whom it flowered last July. Professor 
Jameson describes it as a native of the Volcano of Pichincha 
growing at the upper boundary of the forest regions 11- 
13,000 feet above the sea, in a cold and foggy climate. ' As a 
greenhouse or conservatory climber, it rivals the T. mollis- 
sima, and is as free a flowerer. 

Descr A late woody climber. Stem nearly glabrous an- 
gular. Leaves on stout glandular petioles an inch and a 
half to two inches long; blade four to six inches in dia- 
meter, much broader than long, deeply three-lobed, subeor- 
date at the base, glabrous above, covered below except the 

* I doubt much this being the true mollissima, H. B. K which hu 

densely tomentose stems; it more resembles T. Quitcnsis, Benth. 


nerves with snow-white cottony tomentum; lobes serrate. 
Stipules semiorbicular, coriaceous, convex, acutely toothed, 
with a spinous process at the base. Peduncles solitary, stout, 
one-flowered, shorter than the petioles. Bracts connate into 
a three-lobed tube one inch long, covered as well as the 
calyx-tube with white down, the veins conspicuous and green. 
Calyx-tube three inches long by half an inch in diameter, 
cylindric, lobes an inch and a half long, oblong, rounded 
at the point, pink, with a green midrib at the back, which is 
produced into a sharp point. Petals similar to the calyx- 
lobes. Corona of three short series, outer an irregularly 
lobed ring, intermediate an almost entire ring, inner tabular, 
embracing the base of the stamens, crenulate. Ovary vil- 
lous.— J. D. H. 

Fig. 1. Portion of calyx, showing the outer and middle coronas -.—magnified. 


W. Fitch, del ethth 

Tab. 5751. 

STAPELIA Hysteix. 

Bristly-flowered Stapelia. 

Nat. Ord. Asclepiadeje.— Gynandria Pentandbia. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 5692.) 

Stapelia%^; glauco-virescens, ramis ramulisque pentagons, angulis 
rotundatia dentatis, dentibua patentibus cornels acutis, pedunculia SO ! 
Uterus v. aggregate umfloria roseia ex parte inferiore raroulorum 
eiiatis, corolla patentiasima 5-fida, lobia ovatia acuminata, supra 72 
phureia atniB brevibus interrupt tranaveraia rufia et processubus 
aubuiat* erecfaa diaphania apicibus rufeacentibus denaisaiL obtect^ 
o« xtenore depressa lobata, cornubua conniventibua appendic 
a«S^iSL 0bta " *"*■* appendi C1 bu S PP di S eu m 

obtuae 5-lobum efformantibus. 

1 his is an entirely new species, in so far as I can ascertain, 
of the long neglected but interesting and beautiful genus 
Stapelta. At first sight it resembles so closely the S qlan- 
dultjhra of Masson (cultivated in Kew in 1796, but now lost 
to the country), that it was taken for that plant; but it 
differs entirely in the five-angled stems, horizontal spines, in 
the larger flowers, in the subulate processes (not clavate 
hairs) that cover the corolla-lobes, and in the curious hori- 
zontal appendages that crown the staminal processes, and to- 
gether form a five-rayed disk in the centre of the flower It 
is a native of Eastern South Africa, and was sent to the Royal 
Gardens by Mr M'Ka,, the indefatigable and able Superin- 
tendent of the Natal Botanic Gardens. 

Desch A small, tufted, pale glaucous-green species, four 
to six inches high, and much branched. Branches half an 
inch to three-quarters of an inch in diameter, five-angled • 
angles obtuse, tuberculate, toothed, tubercles conical, teeth 
horny pointing outwards. Floivers two to three together from 
near the bases of the branches, bracts subulate; peduncles 
pink. Sepals small, lanceolate. Corolla one inch in dia- 
meter, pale sulphur-coloured, internally marked with innu- 

JAHTJAEY 1ST, 1869. 

raerable small, short, transverse bars of dark purple, lobes 
ovate acuminate, spreading and recurved, densely covered 
with erect, diaphanous, subulate, fleshy processes, tipped with 
purple; interior of tube smooth. Outer corona depressed, 
expanded, lobulate, with small tubercles between each sta- 
men. Staminal processes erect, conniving, with horizontal 
terminal appendages that are thick and ovoid, flat above and 
convex below ; these together form a five-rayed disk in the 
centre of the flower. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1. Vertical section of tube of corolla, showing the corona and sta- 
mmal processes :— magnified. 




del et hth 


Tab. 5752. 


Sharp-leaved Thibaudia. 

Nat. Ord. Eeiceje. — Pentandbia Monogynij, 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 4303.) 

Thibaudia (Proclesia) acuminata; fruticosa, glabra v. ramulis et inflores- 
centia puberulis, foliis brevissime petiolatis coriaceis ovatis v. ovato- 
lanceolatis longe acuminatis v. apice caudatis integerrimis 3-5-plinerviis 
coriaceis subtus nigro-punctulatis, racemis brevibus subterminalibus, 
bracteis amplis coloratia deciduis, calycis limbo 5-dentato, corolla 
elongato-urceolata 5-dentata, filamentis glaberrimis alternia paulo mi- 

Thibaudia acuminata. Hook. Ic. PI. t. 111. 

Thibaudia Hookeri. Walp. Sep. v. 6. p. 412. 

Pboclesia acuminata et P. Bentbamiana. Klotzsch inLinncea, v. 24. p. 34. 

A very distinct, showy, free-flowering shrub, a native of 
the Andes of Columbia and Ecuador, whence we have many 
specimens collected by Jameson, Hartweg, and others. It 
was introduced by Mr. Pearce when collecting for Messrs. 
Veitch, by whom it was flowered in November last. 

Being a native of the loftier regions of the Andes, from 
8-10,000 feet, it is well suited to a conservatory temperature, 
where its handsome green foliage, purple-tinted young leaves. 
and brilliant red flowers, which are produced in great abun- 
dance, render it a very attractive plant. Colonel Hall, its 
discoverer, describes the fruit as fragrant and eatable. Pro- 
fessor Jameson observes that around the suburbs of Quito, 
where it abounds, it flowers throughout the year. 

Descr. A branching, leafy, evergreen shrub, with pendu- 
lous branches, that are glabrous or slightly pubescent. Leaves 
subdistichous, on very short stout petioles, two to three 
inches long, ovate or oblong-lanceolate, rounded at the base, 
with long acuminate or caudate points, three to five-nerved 
towards the base, glabrous and dark green above, below 

JANUARY 1ST, 1869. 

paler, with a few scattered, minute, black, glandular dots. 
Flowers in terminal and axillary short racemes, covered when 
in bud by large, imbricating, concave, scarlet, deciduous, ob- 
long, obtuse, coriaceous bracts, the longest nearly half an 
inch long. Pedicels short. Calyx-tube globose, limb five- 
toothed. Corolla two-thirds of an inch long, glabrous, tubu- 
lar, but ventricose below, shortly five-toothed, bright red, with 
green tips and lobes. Stamens included, filaments very short, 
curved, glabrous ; anthers slender, cells with long terminal 
slits. Style slender, stigma truncate. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Ovary. 8. Staiens :-all magnified. 


Tab. 5753. 
CCELOGYNE (Pleione) Reichenbachiana. 

Dr. ReichenbacJi s Pleione. 

Nat. Ord. Orchideje. — Gynandria Monandria. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 5674.) 

Ccelogtne (Pleione) Reichenbachiana ; pseudobulbo magno lagenseformi 
supra medium tumido longitudinaliter lobato, apice abrupte conico, 
floribus amplis, sepalis petalisque anguate oblongis roseis, labello albo 
disco roaeo maculato mento brevissimo, lobis lateralibus brevibus 
terminali dilatato ciliato-dentato 2-fido, disco 3-carinato carinis medio 
serie papillarum ornatis, columna gracili apice 3-lobo, lobis lateralibus 
emarginatis intermedio dentato, rostello 3-lobo. 

CffiLOGTH-E (Pleione) Reichenbachiana. T. Moore in Gard. Ckron. 1868 
p. 1210. 

This is decidedly the finest species of the Pleione group of 
Ccelogytie known; it was discovered by our excellent and 
indefatigable correspondent Col. Benson, of Rangoon, on the 
mountains of Arracan, I believe (but have no certain infor- 
mation), and transmitted by him to the Royal Gardens and 
to Messrs. Veitch's establishment, in both which places it 
flowered simultaneously in November of last year. It was 
first described in the ' Gardeners' Chronicle ' under the above 
name, thus paying a richly deserved compliment to a 
foreigner who has ever lent a helping hand to all classes of 
the British cultivators of his favourite order of plants. As 
a species it is very distinct from any other, by the great size, 
peculiar shape, lobing, and reticulated coloration of the 
pseudobulb, in which respect it most resembles C. lagenaria 
(Tab. nostr. 5370). The colouring of the lip and form of 
the lobes of the top of the column are variable. 

Desce. Pseudobulbs crowded, two inches and a half long, 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1869. 

by one inch and a half in diameter, pitcher-shaped, but sud- 
denly contracted into a blunt conical apex, constricted 
below the middle, rounded at the base, deeply longitudinally 
6-8-lobed, the lobes semicylindric and forming rounded 
prominences at the broadest part; very dark green, reti- 
culated with dark brown. Leaves not seen. Scapes one 
to two inches high, closely sheathed ; lower sheaths short, 
inflated, green spotted with brown, uppermost long, lax, 
membranous. Ovary slender, one inch long. Flowers two 
to two inches and a half across. Sepals narrow-oblong, pale 
rose-coloured, with white edges. Petals narrower and paler. 
Lip nearly white, with a very short gibbosity (mentum) at 
the base ; lateral lobes convolute, gradually dilating into the 
open, reflexed, suborbicular, 2-fid middle lobe, which is white, 
with a few pale-red purple spots, and has ciliate toothed mar- 
gins ; disc of lip streaked with purple, and bearing three 
slender crests along the middle, which are shortly produced 
on to the middle lobe, each crested with a series of short 
flattened prominent papillae. Column very slender, apex 3- 
lobed, lateral lobes notched, middle obtusely irregularly 
toothed. Rostellum 3-lobed. — /. D. H. 

Tig. 1. Column. 2. Lip -.—loth magnified. 


Vfitrii ■'• 

Tab. 5754. 
DELOSTOMA dentatum. 

Toothed-leaved Delostoma. 

Nat. Ord. Bignoniaceje.— Didynamia Augiospebmia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx coriaceus, alabastro obovoideus, clausus acuminatus, 
adultus 2-3-labiatus. Corolla tubulosa, plus minusvc incurva, limbo 
patente 5-lobo sub-2-labiato. Stamina 4 fertilia, quinto setiformi v. 
didynama; antherarum loculi subdiscreti. Ovarium 2-loculare; stylus 
iiliiormis, stigmate 2-lameUato. Capsula oblonga v. lineari-oblonga com- 
presso 4-gona, utrmque attenuata, valvis cymbiformibua lasvibus ' septo 
valvis contrano (parallelo, DC), polyspermy Semina in loculis plurise- 
nata, compressissima, late alata.— Irutices Peruvian et Nova? Granada? 
mcolce. Polia opposita, petiolata, simplicia, elliptico-oblonga. Eacemi inter 
ranmlos oppositos orti, pauciflori, bracteis v. minutis. Flores consvicui. 
—Bureau, Monog. Bignon. p. 51, t. 16. Codazzia, Earst. et Trim in 
JLmncea, v. 28. p. 426. 

Delostoma dentatum, parce puberulum, foliis amplis oblongia subacutis 
obtuse serratis, calycis tubo campanulato 5-gono angulis superne 
nodoso-mcrassatis lobis 3 parvis triangulari-ovatis aristato-acuminatis, 
corolla alba v. pallide rosea glaberrima tubo incurvo, staminibus 4 cum 
qumto setiformi, stylo pubescente. 

Delostoma dentatum. Bon in Ed. BUI. Journ. 1823, p. 263 Gen Sust 
Gard. v. 4. p. 228. DC Brodr. v. 9. p. 198. ' 

A remarkably beautiful plant, with the habit of a Gesne- 
ria, raised from seeds sent by Professor Jameson, of Quito, 
to that able and intelligent horticulturalist Isaac Anderson 
Henry, Esq., of Hay Lodge, Edinburgh, with whom it 
flowered in October of last year. It is a native of Gualesca, 
near Cuenca, in Ecuador. The genus consists of three or 
four other species, none of which have ever been introduced, 
and the present is the only one hitherto figured in botanical 

Desck. A small shrub of robust habit, sparsely pubescent 
on the branchlets and leaves below. Branches stout, terete. 

FKBBFABY 1st, 1869. 

Leaves opposite, simple, petioled, four to five inches long by 
three to four inches broad, broadly oblong, subacute, obtuse 
at the base, coarsely bluntly serrate, bright green on both 
surfaces, nerve very strong below. 'Raceme arising from the 
forks of the upper branches, two to three inches long, 3-4- 
flowered ; peduncles short, with minute bracts at the base. 
Calyx a quarter of an inch long ; tube campanulate, 5-nbbed 
above, the ribs produced into tubercles at the apex ; limb 
small, of three triangular-ovate subaristate conniving lobes. 
Corolla one inch and a half long, subcampanulate ; limb 
nearly two inches in diameter, white suffused with pale rose- 
colour; tube incurved; lobes five, nearly equal, spreading, 
orbicular. Stamens four, with a rudimentary fifth; fila- 
ments swollen and pubescent at the base ; anther-cells con- 
tiguous, parallel. Ovary sunk in a fleshy cup-shaped disc ; 
style hairy ; stigmas small, unequal. — /. I). H. 

Fig. 1. Base of corolla and stamens. 2. Anther. 3. Calyx, style, and 
stigmas : — all magnified. 


W Fitch, del etlith 

\5ncean BrooksPay SfcSon r tap 

Tab. 5755. 


West-African Camptopus. 

Nat. Ord. Eubiace.ze. Tribe Psychotrie^. — Pentanbria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Flores involucrati, hermapbroditi. Calycis tubus brevis, 
obconicus, limbus ultra ovarium productus subcylindricus 5-G-fidus, lobis 
lanceolatis erectis ciliatis. Corolla tubulosa, coriacea, extus glabra, tubo 
paulo ampliato limbo calycis duplo lougiore, fauce intus ad iusertionem 
staminum oreque villosis, lobis 5 ovatis valvatis. Stamina 5, fauci corollas 
iuserta, filamentis subulatis ; antberae exsertae, dorso supra medium affixaD, 
lineares, obtusa, basi breviter 2-lobae. Discus epigynus magnus, globosua, 
apice depresso. Ovarium 3-4-loculare ; stylus brevis validus, stigmate 
3-4-lobo lobis erectis oblongis intus papillosis ; ovula iu loculis solitaria, 
erecta. Fructus * * * . — Prutex glaberrimus, Africa? occidentalis tropica 
incola, ramis crassis cylindricis l&vibus. Polia ampla, cpposita, breve crasse 
petiolata, obovata, coriacea, costa subtus crassa, nervis divergentibus. Stipuloo 
magna, 2-Jide£,foliaceas, deciduw. Peduuculi rubri, solitarii, axillares, lon- 
gissimi, cemui, apice erecti fioriferi, capitulum compositum multijlorum 
involucrato-bracteatvm gerentes, bracteis orbicularibus concavis rubris nitidis. 
Plores albi, breviter exserti, densistime congesti. 

Camptopus Mannii. 

This very singular stove shrub was discovered at Fernando 
Po by Mr. Mann during his dangerous botanical journeys on 
the west coast of tropical Africa in the service of the Royal 
Gardens, and was introduced by him in 1863. It has also 
been collected at Old Calabar, from the coast opposite Fer- 
nando Po, by a correspondent of Dr. Balfour, of Edinburgh, to 
whom the Hookerian Herbarium is indebted for a dried speci- 
men. As an ornamental hothouse plant it is conspicuous 
for the size and beauty of the deep-green foliage with a red 
midrib beneath, and the brilliant coloured bracts and pedun- 
cles, the latter of which, after reaching a foot in length, 
curve outwards and downward beyond the foliage and 
become suddenly thickened as they bend upwards at the 
tip and support the scarlet and white ball of flowers, pre- 

FEBRUARY 1 ST, 1869. 

sen ting a m ost graceful and striking feature. It was received 
at Kew in 1864, and flowered, for the first time, in November 
of last year. As a genus it is closely allied to Cepha'elis, 
differing in habit, in the 3-4-celled ovary, and exserted sta- 

Descr. A shrub attaining fifteen feet in height. Branches 
stout, cylindrical, green. Leaves opposite, on petioles two 
to three inches long, obovate or obovate-lanceolate, acute, 
narrowed into the petiole, quite glabrous, coriaceous ; mid- 
rib stout, red below, nerves diverging. Stipules large, leafy, 
oblong, 2-fid, united at the pubescent base within the petioles, 
deciduous above the base. Peduncle axillary, eight to twelve 
inches long, solitary, scarlet, curving outwards, then down- 
wards, thickened and ascending at the apex, and bearing an 
erect subglobose compound head, two to five inches in dia- 
meter, of white flowers clothed with numerous general and 
partial orbicular concave shining involucral bracts. Flowers 
densely crowded, white, shortly exserted, almost sessile ; bracts 
spathulate. Calyx-tuhe very short, limb cylindric, 5-6-cleft, 
segments ciliate. Corolla-tube white, coriaceous, one-half to 
three-quarters of an inch long, lobes spreading, throat and 
mouth villous. Stamens exserted. Disc very large, almost 
globose. Ovary 3-4-celled ; style stout ; stigma 3- or 4-lobed. 
— J. D. H. 

Fig. 1. Flower. 2. Corolla laid open. 3. Stamen. 4. Calyx, style, 
and stigma. 5. Ovary, disc, and base of style. 6. Vertical section of 
ditto. 7. Transverse section of ovary : — all magnified. 



Tab. 5756. 


Golden-toothed Oncidium. 

Nat. Ord. Obchide^. — Gtnandrja Monandeia. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 4148.) 

Oncidium (Cyrtochilum) xanthodon ; pseudobulbo elongato ovoideo com- 
presso lcevi, folio anguste obovato-oblongo coriaceo, seapo volubili 
longissimo, panicula ampla ramosa flexuosa multiflora, bracteis ovato- 
lanceolatis spathaceis ovario elongato multo brevioribus, periantbii 
lobis undulato-crispatis brunneis aureo-marginatis et crenulatis, se- 
palis petalisque unguiculatis obovato-rotundatis his paulo minoribus, 
labello parvo sessili basi subhastata fomicata, calbs tuberculiformibus, 
lamina anguste obovata unguiculata recurva, columna brevi sigmoidea, 
alis minutis. 

Oncidium (§ Cyrtocbilum) santhodon. H. O. Beichenbach fll. in Oard. 
Chron. 1868, ;?. 1338. 

A very remarkable species, described by Dr. Reichenbach 
as being allied to 0. serratum, conspicuous for its large 
panicle and numerous flowers, and the chocolate-brown colour 
of the reflexed and wavy perianth-segments, which are edged 
with a golden band, crenate and almost crisped ; it was im- 
ported by Messrs. Backhouse, of York, from the eastern parts 
of the Cordillera of Ecuador. Four plants of it flowered 
simultaneously in November of last year with Messrs. Back- 
house, who inform me that the flowering stems were six to 
eight feet long and twined round every available object with 
which they came in contact. 

Descr. Pseudobulb five inches long, narrow-ovoid, much 
compressed, perfectly smooth, bright green, with a few 
sheathing leaves at its base and one at its apex. Leaves one 
and a half to two feet long, two to two and a half inches 
broad above the middle, narrow linear-obovate, acute, bright 
green, quite smooth. Scape very slender, six to eight feet 
long, much branched, twining, greenish-brown ; sheaths ap- 

FEBRUAET 1ST, 1869. 

pressed. Panicle much branched ; rachis and branches slen- 
der, flexuous; bracts ovate-lanceolate, nearly half an inch 
long. Ovary and pedicel together slender, nearly two inches 
long. Flowers one inch and a half in diameter, of a rich 
chocolate-brown colour, with golden crisped and crenate 
edges. Petals and sepals very similar, waved and reflexed, 
clawed ; blade broadly ovate, rounded or almost hastate at 
the base. Lip smaller and narrower than the petals ; basal 
portion irregularly quadrate, sessile, two-lobed at the apex ; 
disc very prominent, with several tubercular calli which 
are yellow, shining, and viscid ; blade spathulate, recurved, 
acute, of the same colour as the sepals and petals. Column 
short, curved like the letter s, with small lateral wings at 
the apex. — /. I). H. 

Fig. 1. Lip and column : — magnified. 



Tab. 5757. 
cobiea penduliflora. 

Pendulous/lowered Cobcea. 

Nat. Ord. Polemon-iacEjE.— Pentandbia Monogtnta. 

Gen. Char Calyx late campanulatus, foliaceus, 5-fidus, sepalorum mar- 
gmibus mduplicatim coimatis 5-alatus. Corolla campanulate, tubo brevi 
iauce ampla elongate; limbi lobi breves v. elongati, nunc loriformes et 
penduh. Stamina 5, exserta, filamentis elongatis alabastro contortis, basi 
villosis. Discus maximus, carnosus, 5-lobus. Ovarium 3-loculare • stylus 
gracilis, stigmate 3-lobo ; ovula pauca v. plurima. Capsula 3-gona, 3-locu- 
lans 3-valvis, oligo- v. polysperma. Semina 2-seriatim adscendentia, im- 
bricata, compressa, in alam expansa.— Prutices Mexici, Nova? Granada? et 
America? centralis incola. Folia alterna, pinnatisecta, in cirrhum desinentia 

joliolis l-S-jugis infimis stipulaformibus. Pedunculi axillares, 1-florL basi 


Cobjea penduliflora ; gracilis, glaberrima, foliolis petiolulatis lineari-ob- 
longis acutis v. acuminatis basi obtusis v. subcordatis, sepalis lineari- 
oblongis acutis, corolla? campanulata? lobis loriformibus pendulis un- 
dulatis apice 2-fidis, filamentis longissimis inter lobos corolla? longe 
exsertis horizontaliter patentibus, stylo longissimo stigmatibus fili- 

Eose^beegua penduliflora. Karsten, Fl. Colomb. p. 27, t. 14. 

This very singular and graceful climber at first sight so 
little resembles the common Cobcea of our greenhouses that 
it is difficult to suppose it belongs to the same genus ; but a 
reference to the C. macrostema, Pavon (Tab. nostr. 3780) at 
once shows how simple the transition is from one to the 
other, the chief differences being in the immensely long 
corolla-lobes of 'C '. penduliflora and the much exserted stamens 
of this and of C. macrostema, which project horizontally 
between the corolla-lobes, forming five rays, much as in 
Glonosa — an arrangement doubtless intended to secure cross- 
impregnation by removing the anthers to the furthest distance 
from the stigma. C. penduliflora is a native of the mountains 
of Caraccas, at an elevation of 6000 feet, where it was dis- 

febbtjaey 1st, 1869. 

covered by Fendler, and published by Karsten, who has 
given an excellent figure of it, adopting the generic name of 
Bosenbergia, which was originally applied by (Ersted for an 
allied Central- American species. 

The seeds were sent to the Royal Gardens by Monsieur A. 
Ernst, of Caraccas, a zealous correspondent of this establish- 
ment ; and the plants flowered in the cooler end of the Palm 
House in December 1868. It has also been found near 
Tarapoto, in Eastern Peru, by Spruce. 

Descr. A slender, glabrous, pale-green climber. Leaves 
three to five inches long, pale green and membranous ; leaf- 
lets in two pairs, one and a half to two inches long, petiolu- 
late, narrow oblong, acute or acuminate, obtuse or rounded 
at the base; petiole ending in a long, branched, filiform, 
tortuous tendril. Peduncles solitary, axillary, pendulous, 
eight to ten inches long, naked, 1-flowered. Flower four to 
five inches long from the base of the calyx to the tips of the 
corolla-lobes. Calijx-tube dilated, lobed and intruse at the 
base ; segments one and a half inch long, broadly linear, 
acuminate, green. Corolla green, campanulate; tube one 
inch, and lobes three to four inches long, the latter strap- 
shaped, not one-quarter of an inch broad, pendulous, wavy, 
2-fid at the tip. Stamens spreading ; filaments three inches 
long, dark red-purple ; anthers yellow, three-quarters of an 
inch long. Style filiform, green ; stigma slender. — J. I). It 

Fig, 1. Base of corolla and stamen. 2. Tip of corolla-lobes. 3. Base 
of calyx, disc, and ovary. 4. Transverse; and 5. Longitudinal section of 
ovary : — all magnified. 


Tab. 5758. 

CYCLAMEN Africanum. 

Algerian Cyclamen. 

N«t. Ord. Pbimulace^e.— Pentandria Monogynla. 

Gen. Char. Calyx ^5-partitus. Corollce tubus brevia, subglobosus, fauce 
incrassata limbi refracti laciniis 5 tubo longioribus. Stamina 5, imo 
corolla? tubo mserta, inclusa, filamentis brevissimis ; anthera3 cuspidata^ 
Ovarium 1-loculare; stylus indivisus, stigraate simplici ; ovula numerosa 
peltatim ampmtropa. Capsula globosa, 1-locularis, 5-valvis, valvis reflexis ' 
Semxna plurima, subglobosa, angulata, umbilico ventrali : embryo rectus 
umbilico parallelus.— Herbae Europse mediae, Asias occidentals et Africa' 
borealis mcolce, tubere carnoso napiformi. Folia radicalia, petiolata, cor- 
dato-reniformia. Scapi nudi, \-flori, floriferi stricti, fructiferi in spimm 
convoluti humo appressi. Corolla rosea, purpurea v. alba. 

Cyclamen Africanum; tubere magno, foliis synanthiis basieordatis roping 
acute 7-9-angulatis margme revolutis creuulato-dentatis, pedunculis 
superue calycibusque pubesceuti-glandulosis, sepalis ovatis setaceo- 
acummatis glaiiduloso-dentatis, corolla roseo-alba, tubo apice non 
constricto, fauce 10-deutato, laciniis oblougo-linearibus, autheris 

Cyclamen Africanum. Boiss. Sf Reuter, Pugill. Plant. Nov. Afr. Or. et 
Hisp. Austr. p. 75. Planchon in Flore des Serres, v. viii. t. 841. 

Cyclamen Neapolitanum. Duby in DC. Prodr. quoad descriptionem et 
patriam Algeriam, non Tenore. 

Cyclamen macrophyllum. Host ex Planchon in Fl. des Serres, I. c. 

The largest species of the beautiful genus to which it be- 
longs, the tubers sometimes attaining the size of a large 
turnip. It is a very common Algerian plant, and was sent 
to the Koyal Gardens by Giles Munby, Esq., Col. Playniir. 
Consul-General of Algeria, and other parties, and it flowers 
abundantly in September. 

I follow Boissier and Keuter in considering this a distinct 
species, though under a conviction that it is but a form of 
one of the European kinds (probably C. J\ r ea_politanum), which 


are themselves so variable that authors differ widely as to their 
nomenclature and synonymy ; its best character appeai-s to 
reside in its strongly toothed calyx-lobes. The figure in the 
1 Flore des Serres ' represents a huge overfed garden form of 
the plant, quite unlike any indigenous specimens. 

Descr. Tuber very large, four to ten inches in diameter. 
Leaves two to two and a half inches long, ovate-cordate, ob- 
scurely or shallowly and acutely angled, obtusely coarsely 
toothed, dull green, marbled with paler green, pale beneath ; 
petioles and scapes red. Calyx pubescent, 5-6-fid; lobes 
broadly ovate, acuminate, toothed, green-veined. Corolla 
nearly white, with a faint rose-purple tinge ; segments five 
to six, deep purple at the base, one inch long. — /. D. H. 



Tab. 5759. 

VANDA insignia 

Noble Vanda. 

Nat. Ord. Okchide,*:. — G-ynandma Monandiua. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 5174.) 

Vanda insignis ; foliis rigidis canaliculatis apice insequali-abscissis v. den- 
tatis, raeemis folium aequantibus laxis 5-7-floris, perianthii foliolis 
patentibus obovato-spatbulatis rectiusculis, labelli basi 2-earinati 
lobis lateralibus parvis adsccndcntibus obtusis, intcnnedio arrecto 
apice repente diiatato-rotundato undulato ad basin subhastatam 
utrinque calloso, calcari compresso conico obtuso recurvo. 

Vanda insignis. Blume, Bumphia, v. 4. p. 49, t. 192. /. 2 ct 197 A. 
Lindl. in Paxt. Fl. Gard. v. 2. p. 19, cum ic xyhcj. Folia Orchdacea, 
Vanda, No. 7. Beichh. in Gard. Chron. 1808, p. 1259. 

The magnificent Orchid here figured is one of the most 
interesting importations of late years. It settles a long ob- 
scure point in the garden nomenclature of this noble genus. 
proving that the plant which has hitherto usually borne the 
name of V. insignis is not the plant of Blume, but, as was 
often suspected, a form of V. tricolor; and that Blume's plant 
is not only a perfectly distinct species, but as fine a one as 
any in the genus, V. Catkcartii, perhaps, alone excepted. 
The V. insignis is a native of the Moluccas ; it was sent to 
Messrs. Vei'tch by their late lamented collector Mr. Hutton, 
and flowered at their establishment in the King's Road in 
October 1868. Blume gives the mountains of the island of 
Timor as its native country. It is probably as rare as it is a 
little-known species; for I do not find it included in the 
rich (18G6) catalogue of the plants cultivated m the Royal 
Botanic Gardens of Buitenzorg, in Java, where upwards of 
500 Orchids, chiefly Malayan, are enumerated. 

Descr. Stem suberect, as thick as the finger, leafy. L&m% 
equidistant, ten inches long, one to one and a quarter broad, 

UAitcn 1st, 1869. 

closely imbricating below, curved in a semicircle, linear, but 
slightly narrowed at both ends; apex truncate, obliquely ex- 
cised, in one curve or in two, one on each side the midrib, 
deep green, nerveless, as are their sheaths, deeply keeled, 
with rather recurved margins. Raceme rather short, axillary, 
shorter than the leaves, drooping, 4-7-flowered ; rachis green, 
terete. Flowers two to two and a half inches in diameter, 
spreading; pedicels and ovary together one and a half inch 
long, at right angles to the rachis, almost white. Sepals 
obovate-spathulate, three-quarters of an inch in diameter, 
obtuse, fleshy, bright ochraceous brown, with darker brown 
blotches, whitish externally. Petals similar, but narrower. 
Lip almost fiddle-shaped, consisting of a subovate white body, 
with two short auricles or lateral lobes, and two low ridges 
on its disk; this suddenly expands into a rosy semilunar con- 
cave limb, one inch broad, with smooth surfaces and entire 
rounded margin. Column short, thick.— J". D. H. 


brooks Day & - 

Tab. 5760. 


Mr. Mann's Aglaonema. 

Nat. Ord. Aboidej-:. — Monoecia Polyandrta. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 5500.) 

Aglaonema Mannii ; foliis breviter petiolatis elliptico-oblongis mucronatia 
luride viridibus, vaginis 2-3-pollicaribu3viridibus, marginibus anguste 
membranaceis, spatba breviter pedunculata 2 poll, longa oblouga 
acuta, e basi breviter convoluta aperta sordide alba, apadice spatba 
paulo breviore cylindrico obtuso, ovariis ad 15 depressis 2-loeularibus, 
stigmate sessili disciformi concavo, antberis 3-gonis late truncatis 2- 

To those who cultivate stove plants, the value of the 
tropical Aroids is well known, because of their fine evergreen 
foliage and remarkable freedom from insects, their singular 
form, and the often conspicuous nature of their floral organs. 
Of the several hundreds that are in cultivation in England, 
and on the continent, where they are more highly prized 
than with us, not half a dozen have been imported from 
Tropical Africa, where various species form conspicuous 
features in the humid forests of the west coast. Amongst 
these is the subject of the present plate, which was sent to 
the Royal Gardens by Mr. Gustav Mann from the Victoria 
Mountains, one of the Cameroon range, which that intrepid 
traveller and excellent collector was the first to explore. 
The genus to which it belongs has hitherto been known as a 
native of India only, where it ranges from the foot of the 
Eastern Himalaya through the Malayan peninsula and 
islands to the Moluccas, and it thus forms another proof oi 
the close affinity between the tropical African and Malayan 

Descr. Stem eighteen inches to two feet high, as thick as 

MARCH 1st, 1869. 

the thumb, covered with the erect sheathing bases of the 
leaves. Leaves five to seven inches long, by three to four 
broad, coriaceous, elliptic-oblong, rather obtuse, mucronate, 
dark green above, paler below, with prominent midrib and 
veins; petiole above the sheath half an inch long, stout, 
deeply channelled in front, swollen at the base, as if jointed 
on the sheath, which is two to four inches long, herbaceous 
and green, with a very narrow membranous margin, not 
auricled, but rounded at the upper termination. Peduncle 
terminal, short, stout, erect. Spathe two inches long, white, 
greenish below, discoloured above, scarcely convolute at the 
concave base, then gradually expanding, but the margins 
only reflexed. Spadix one-third shorter than the spathe, one- 
third of an inch in diameter, cylindric, on a stout columnar 
peduncle, one-third of an inch long. Male portion half the 
whole length ; anthers white, trigonous, truncate, and flat- 
topped, with 2 apical pores. Ovaries about fifteen, 2-celled, 
very depressed, subspheroidal, but irregular in figure, scarlet. 
Stigma a sessile depressed disk. — J. I). H. 

Fig. 1. Spadix. 2. Group of three anthers. 3. Anther. 4. Ovary. 
5. lransverse; and 6. Vertical section of ovary:— all magnified. 


"W Fitch, dd-etMi 


Tab. 5761. 

Sceptrate Grain of Paradise. 

Nat. Ord. Zingibeeace^e.— Mojstandbia Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4603.) 

Amomtjm sceptrum; foliia petiolatis anguste oblougo-lanceolatis glabris, 
ligula scariosa, scapis siinplicibua apice clavato-turgidis, circa 10- 
floris, bracteis superioribus dorso apiculatis tempore florifero trans- 
verse plicatis, labello amplo orbiculato undulato roseo, staminodiis 
liberis, fructu ovoideo compresso v. sub3-gono glabro, pericarpio 
crasso, seminibus angulatis. 

Amomum sceptrum. Oliver fy Hanbury in Journ. Linn. Soc. v. 7, Sot. 
(1863), j». 109. 

A very beautiful plant, discovered by Gustav Mann, whilst 
collecting for the Royal Gardens, on the Gaboon River, in 
1861, and at Ambas Bay, where it grows near the shore. 
The specimens here figured were raised from seed procured 
by Daniel Hanbury, Esq., F.R.S., who flowered it in his 
garden at Clapham in January of the present year, and who 
informs me that it has also been sent from Old Calabar in 
1863, and from Akassa, River Nun, by Mr. E. J. L. Simmonds 
in 1865. As a species it approaches A. longiscapum (Hook. 
Kew Journ. Bot. 1854, p. 296), but differs conspicuously in 
the narrowed base of the leaf and the linear outer perianth- 
lobes. Though belonging to the same genus as the plant 
producing the pungent and highly aromatic Melaguetta or 
(irain-of-Paradise seeds, those of this species are almost 

Descr. Rhizome stout, rooting, sending out long scaly 
suckers. Leafing stems five to six feet high. Leaves 
eight to ten inches long, narrow oblong-lanceolate, one and 
a quarter to one and a half inch broad, narrowed to an acu- 

MAEcn 1st, 1869. 

minate point, unequal at the base, and obliquely decurrent 
on a very short slender petiole. Sheath five to eight inches 
long in its loose open part, which is rather membranous and 
finely striate; ligule oblong, scarious, half an inch long. 
Blade with a distinct midrib, striated with innumerable fine 
parallel diverging nerves. Flowering scape six inches high ; 
fruiting, one to one and a half foot, erect, slender, red-brown, 
covered with appressed obtuse sheaths of a darker red-brown ; 
those surrounding the flowers distichous, gradually larger, 
retuse or emarginate, green, mottled with brown, and with 
brown margins. Flowers suberect, three inches long, 
altogether of a fine bright rose-purple. Spathaceous or outer 
perianth short, obliquely truncate, subacute. Dorsal petal 
narrow, oblong, obtuse, arched, very concave, twice as long 
as the stamens; lateral lanceolate, decurved. Lip two to 
two and a half inches in diameter, lamina orbicular, waved, 
almost plicate. Staminodes linear, obliquely truncate. 
Anther pubescent, with the connective produced at the top 
into two spreading linear-oblong obtuse incurved horns ; fila- 
ments with an erect subulate basal appendage on each side. 
Stigma small, capitate, excavated. Fruit three inches long ; 
narrowly flagon-shaped. Seeds subpyriform, like grape- 
stones; testa bright pale brown, very shining, nearly taste- 
less. — /. D. H. 

Fig. 1. Ovary and spathaceous perianth. 2. Anther. 3. Staminodes. 
4. Ovule in its aril. 5. Seed :— all magnified. 

W Fitch, del etlith 

VinoentBroob DayXSan, trap 

Tab. 5762. 
CARYOTA Cumingii. 

Mr. Cuming s Wine-Palm. 

Nat. Ord. Palmes. — Moncecia Polyandria. 

Gen. Char. Flores monoici in distinctis spadicibus, spathis aliquot basi- 
laribus completis cincti, sessiles, bracteolati. Masc. Calyx 3-pbyllus, 
foliolis ovatis imbricatis. Petala 3, oblonga, valvata. Stamina plunma, 
filamentis brevissimis basi in urceolum connatis ; antherae lmean-oblonga-. 
Pem. Calyx maris. Petala imbricato-convolutiva. Stamimim rudimenta 
0. Ovarium 3-loculare, stigmatibus 3 depressis connatis. Bacca 2-locu- 
laris, 2-sperma. Semina plano-convexa, albumine cartilagmeo rmnmato ; 
embryo dorsalis.— Palm® Indicse, caudice annulato. Polia 2-pmnata, 
pinnulis pr&morsis. Spadices magni, fasligiato-ramosi. Baccte pisiformes. 

Cabyota Cumingii ; trunco mediocri basi parce sobolifero, foliis bipmnatis, 
5-6-pedalibus, vaginis glabris, petiolo tereti glabro, rachi supenie et 
racbibus partialibus sparse nigro-furfuraceis compressis subquadratis 
superne sulcatis, pinnulis subcoriaceis sessilibus elongato-dimuliato- 
rbombeis extrorsum grosse eroso-dentatis, spadicis ramis pedalibus, 
floribus masculis | poll, longis, antheris elongato-lineanbus apice 

Cabtota Cumingii, Loddiges ex Mart. Hist. Palm. Hi. p. 159. 

This plant has for many years been cultivated in the Royal 
Gardens as the Caryota Cumingii, which was introduced 
by the late Hugh Cuming from Singapore some twenty 
years ago. The authority of the specific name appears to be 
the late Messrs. Loddiges, by whom the plant was first raised, 
and probably presented to these Gardens. It is alluded to 
in Martius's great work, and defined there by a short descrip- 
tion transmitted by De Miquel, which however, like all 
specific diagnoses of Palms, does not suffice to identify the 
species: so difficult is it to express the characters of these 
noble trees; nevertheless, so far as it goes, the description 

MARCH 1st, 1869. 

applies. It is a most elegant little Palm, differing from its 
great congener C. urens in size, in the nearly glabrous petioles, 
and in sending out suckers from the base of the stem, as C. 
sobolifera does, but much fewer of them. It may indeed 
prove identical with C. sobolifera, a native of Malacca, 
described by Griffith subsequently to C. Cumingii ; but the 
leaflets appear longer. As with all its congeners, after 
arriving at maturity it throws out a flowering spadix (in this 
case male) from the uppermost leaf-axil, and then from the 
next leaf-axil lower down, and so on downwards till all the 
leaf-axils have flowered, after which the stem dies. There 
is thus fruit at the top of the tree and buds at the bottom 
for a long period. 

Descr. Trunk ten feet high, erect, covered almost to the 
base with the sheathing leaf-bases, as thick as the forearm. 
Leaves about five to six feet long, spreading, three to four 
feet broad, bipinnate ; sheath very coriaceous, glabrous, dark 
green ; petiole terete, thicker than the thumb ; rachis terete 
for halfway up, then becoming compressed laterally, slightly 
convex on the back, grooved in front, presenting a vertically 
elongate oblong figure when cut across, the apex and the 
partial raches having on their sides a sparse black fur- 
furaceous down. Pinnules eight to ten inches long, rather 
coriaceous, sessile, two to two and a half inches broad, sub- 
falcate, obliquely cuneate for one-quarter to one-third up 
from the base; lower margin straight, upper entire for the 
cuneate portion, then irregularly sharply erose for the other 
two-thirds ; lowest pinnule shorter and broader, uppermost 
longer. Spadtx a foot long, formed of a bundle of floriferous 
simple partial spadices, green. Male flower half an inch long; 
sepals very broad and short, ciliate, almost circular and cup- 
shaped. Petals one-quarter to one-third of an inch long, four 
times as long as the calyx, very coriaceous, erecto-patent, 
oblong, obtuse. Anthers narrow, bilobed at the apex; fila- 
ments very short. — J. D. II. 

4 ^lio^ , ^? e l- J t ^ Palm - 2 ' Pinnule " 3 - Portion of spadix. 
4. Female flower. 5. Male ditto. G. Stamen -.-all but 2 and 3 magnified. 

W Fitch, dd 


Tab. 5763. 
K.EMPFERIA Partshii. 

Mr. Parish's Kwmpferia. 


Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 5600.) 

Kwmpferia Partshii; caudice tuberoso, radicibus passim tuberiferis, 
scapis praecocibus paucifloris,vaginis inferioribus brevibus late oblongis 
acutis fusco-reticulatis, foliis oblongo-lanceolatis acuminatis basi 
acutis costa valida, ovario piloso, periantbio externo spathaceo apice 
2-caudiculato, petalis 3 exterioribus anguste linearibus apice subulato- 
tereti acuminatis al bis, interiorum 2 superioribus oblongis apiculatis 
albis, mferiore bilobo lobis obovato-cordatis purpureis, anthers? con- 
nective superne in laminam apice fissam dilatato, staminodiis filifor- 

This is another of the Rev. C. Parish's valuable contribu- 
tions to the Royal Gardens ; it is a native of the dense forests 
of Moalmayne, whence seeds were sent home which flowered 
in a stove in July of last year. Like its allies of the genus, 
the flowers appear long before the leaves, after the full 
development of which latter, the whole plant goes to rest. 
As a species it closely approaches K. dwersifolia, Link (K. 
ovalifolia, Roscoe, Monand. Plants, t. 95), but differs in the 
short, oblong, appressed, reticulate lower sheaths of the 
flowering scape, and in the two lower inner perianth-segments 
not being appendaged in the sinus. 

Descr. A glabrous herb. Moot stout, tuberous, emitting 
many stout cylindric fibres as thick as a small quill, that 
bear at intervals oblong tubers the size of a nut. Leafing 
stems one inch in diameter at the base. Leaves six to nine 
inches long, pale green, not glaucous, oblong-lanceolate, 
acuminate, waved, pale below, with a very stout midrib and 
prominent diverging nerves ; petiole short, half to one inch 

march 1st, 1869. 

long, stout, deeply channelled in front ; sheaths four to eight 
inches long, open, green, with short rounded ligules. Flower- 
ing scapes three inches high, as stout as the little finger; 
lower sheaths three to four, oblong, acute, appressed, pale 
yellow-green, reticulated with brown nerves ; inner narrower, 
white, with purple veins. Flowers several, three inches long. 
Ovary small, pilose. Outer or sheathing perianth two inches 
long, gradually swelling upwards, truncate at the top, with 
two subulate points, white. Inner perianth-tube exserted, 
slender, terete, white; three outer segments spreading and 
recurved, two inches long, linear, with a terete subulate apex, 
white ; two upper inner segments oblong, obtuse, apiculate, 
white ; lower deeply 2-lobed, each lobe equal to the upper, 
obcordate, bright violet-purple. Anther with the connective 
dilated into a broad oblong membrane unequally cut at the 
apex. Staminodes very slender. Stigma funnel-shaped. — 
/. B. H. 

Fig. 1. Flower with part of the petals removed. 2. Anther and stigma. 
3. Ovary and staminodes : — all magnified. 


\ & i 

bch.,de! etUth 

VincentBrooks.Dny Jc.Son.lmp 

Tab. 5764. 
ALLAMANDA nobilis. 

Noble Allamanda. 

Nat. Ord. Apocvne^e. — Pentandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 4351.) 

Allamanda nobilis ; scandens, ramulis robustis, petiolis foliis calycibusqup 
pubescenti-pilosis, foliis oppositis v. 3-4natim verticillatis oblongo- 
lanceolatis acuminatis brevissime petiolatis, glandulis minutis rotan- 
datis, sepalis foliaceis ovato-lanceolatis, corollas cxtus puboscenris tubo 
gracili, limbo oblique campanulato, lobis amplissimis horizontalifer 
patentibus medio valide 3-nerviis. 

Allamanda nobilis. T. Moore in Gard. Chron. 1868, p. L80 et p. 918, am 
ic. vylog. 

A magnificent plant, imported from the Rio Branco, on tlie 
confines of Brazil and Venezuela, by Mr. Bull, of Chelsea, 
and certainly one of the finest stove climbers in cultivation. 
As a species I doubt very much its proving distinct from 
A. Schoftii (Tab. nost. 4411, by error 4911), A. grand if ora 
(Tab. nost. 4351), A. Aubletii, and A. Hendenonii ; but as a 
horticultural acquisition it differs from all these, and sur- 
passes them individually, either in habit or in the large size 
and full green of the foliage, or in the very large flower, its 
regular contour and bright colour, or in the number of flowers 
produced, or in their magnolia-like odour — altogether render- 
ing it one of the most gorgeous free-flowering stove-plants 
introduced into Europe for many years past. From the 
original A. Schotlii (Tab. nost. 4351) it differs more conspicu- 
ously than from A. Hendenvnii in its pubescent calyx and 
broader more abruptly acuminate leaves, as well as in other 
points ; but in my experience of both wild and cultivated 
dpocynea, these have proved to be very variable characters ; 
and judging also by dried specimens of forms not hitherto 
imported in a living state, I suspect that many intermediate 

APRIL 1st, 18G9. 

forms between these and others, perhaps connecting them all 
with the old A. cafharlica, may yet be found. The erect 
or scandent habit, so striking a character in cultivated plants, 
is one singularly liable to variation in a state of nature. For 
the magnificent specimen here figured, I am indebted to Mr. 
Glendinning, of Turnham Green, with whom it flowered in 
July, 1868. 

Descr. A tall stout pubescent climber, the pubescence 
extending over all parts except the upper surface of the 
corolla lobes. Stems slender, green tinged with purple. 
Leaves opposite or whorled in threes and fours, subsessile, 
six to eight inches long, oblong or oblong-lanceolate, abruptly 
acuminate, pale green above, paler and more pubescent below, 
glands minute, orbicular. Flowers in six- to eight- flowered 
axillary racemes ; shortly pedicelled. Sepals very r unequal, 
about one inch long, ovate-oblong or lanceolate, subacute, 
green. Corolla four- to five and a half inches in diameter, fine 
golden yellow, with a pale spot at the base of each segment ; 
tube rather slender, one and a half inch long, expanding 
abruptly into an oblique campanulate limb, which has five 
imbricating broadly orbicular-obovate spreading three-nerved 
segments, margined externally with red in the bud. — /. B. R. 

Fig. 1 . Diec, ovary, style and stigma : — magnified. 


T «V Fitch, del et iith 

Vincent. Brooks Day 

Tab. 5765. 
richardia melanoleuca. 

Black-throated Richardla. 

Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 51-iO.) 

Eichardia melanoleuca; scapo pekolisque inferne pilis rigidiusculis sparsis, 
loins hasteto-oyatiB acummatis maculis oblongis translucidis albis nota- 
tis, auricula obtusis; spatha pallide straminea a ban aperta recurva 
margmibusrevolutis, intus bam plaga ampla atro-purpurea notata, spa- 

This belongs to a remarkable group of African Bichardias 
distinguished by the often white transparent spots on the 
ioiiage, and cream-coloured flowers, to which belong the R afbo- 
macuiata (Tab. nost. 5140) and R. hastata (Tab. nost. 51 70). 
JProm both these the present plant appears to be well dis- 
tinguished by its spathe being open to the very base, thus 
exposing the dark-black purple spot at its base, which is only 
seen m the other species by everting the spathe : whether this 
is a sufficient distinctive character cannot be determined with- 
out more specimens of these plants than are at present in cul- 
tivation. In other respects they present no difference of 
consequence. R. melanoleuca was imported by Mr. Bull, of 
Chelsea, from Africa, and was flowered in his establishment in 
the autumn of 1868. Like its congeners it is no doubt a 
greenhouse plant, and may be cultivated out of doors in the 
warmest parts of England. 

Descr. Plant, two feet high. Habit and appearance of 
R. albo-maculata : lower part of petioles and scape bearing a 
Jew spreading stiff bristly hairs. Leaf six to nine inches 
long, exclusive of the petiole; oblong, or ovate-hastate, acu- 
minate with a filiform point; basal lobes spreading, obtuse, 
base deeply cordate ; substance membranous, dark green, with 
many oblong translucent spots following the direction of the 

*''hii. 1st, 1869. 

nerves. Bpathe three inches long, and as broad when spread 
out, quite open from the very base, acuminate with a filiform 
apex, recurved, as are the margins, pale straw-coloured, with 
a large dark-red purple basal spot. Spadiv one to one and a 
half inch high, shortly stipitate ; male portion bright orange- 
yellow; female with about four rows of green subglobose 
ovaries. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1. spadix; 2, stamen; 3, ovary; 4, transverse, and 5, longitudinal 
section of ditto : — all magnified. 


W Fitch, delet kth. 


Tab. 5766. 
DENDROBIUM crassinode. 

Thick-knotted Dendrobe. 

Nat. Ord. Orchideje. — Gynandria Monandria. 
Gen. Char. (Vide tupra, Tab. 4755.) 

Dendrobium crassinode ; caulibus pallidis robustis creberrime nodosis leviter 
sulcatis, nodis globosis internodiis duplo latioribus, floribus ad nodos 
solitariis v. 2-nis, pedicellis basi bracteis scariosis vaginatis, sepalis 
lineari-oblongis subacutis albis apice roseis petalis consimilibus sed 
latioribus, labello ovato-rotundato breviter unguiculato superue tenuiter 
velutino albo apice roseo disco flavo, mento brevissimo. 

Dkxdrobium crassinode, Benson et Rchb.jil. in Gard. Chron. 1869, p. 104. 

One of the most remarkable Dendrobes hitherto discovered, 
of which an excellent sketch was sent to Sir W. Hooker by 
Mr. Parish in 1S59, and another to myself by Col. Benson 
early in 1868, and which was shortly followed by living 
plants from the latter gentleman, both to Messrs. Veitch and 
to the Eoyal Gardens, that flowered simultaneously in January 
of the present year. 

Mr. Parish's specimens were procured in the Siamese 
province of Kiong-koung ; Col. Benson's are from the Arrakan 
mountains, at an elevation of 2500 feet. The drawings of 
both differ a very little from the cultivated specimens, Mr. 
Parish's in having a purple base to the claw of the lip, and 
purple edges to the wings of the column; Col. Benson's 
in having a deep purple column. The latter gentleman finds 
as many as twenty-two flowers upon one stem. As a species 
D. crassinode approaches in habit to D. nodatum, Kchb. (Tab. 
nost. 5470) and in flower to B. Bensonice nob. (Tab. 5679), 
but is abundantly distinct from both in the stems. 

Descr. Forming large tufted leafless masses. Stems pen- 
dulous, a span to two feet long, formed throughout of swollen 
internodes, in the form of depressed spheres one inch in 

APRIL 1st, I860. 

diameter, and less than that apart ; the constricted portions 
between them about half that diameter; nodes and inter- 
nodes with shallow distant grooves; the upper half of each 
node is covered with a scarious appressed sheath ; colour pale 
dull olive-green. Leaves not developed in our specimens 
apparently confined to first year's shoots at the base of the' 
stems. Flowers two to two and a half inches in diameter 
abundantly produced from the upper nodes, solitary or in 
pairs ; white with broad rosy tips to the sepals, petals, and 
lip, and a yellow disc to the latter. Sepals linear- oblono- 
acute or subacute. Petals similar, but much broader. Up 
very broadly ovate-oblong, obtuse, undivided, shortly clawed • 
margin minutely erose and ciliate ; upper surface covered 
with a fine velvety down. Column short, white in our spe- 
cimen, purple in Col. Benson's drawing —J. D H. 

Fig. 1. Ovary and column ; 2, Up -.—both magnified. 


W Fitch, del.etlith. 

VincantBrooksDay&Son I^P 

Tab. 5767. 
SACCOLABIUM bigibbum. 

Orange-flowered Saccolabe. 

Nat. Ord. Orchide^;. — Gynandria Monani>rij 
Gen. Char. {Vide Supra, Tab. 5433.) 

Saccolabium bigibbum; caule brevissimo, foliis late lineari-oblongis apice 
contracto 2-fido. racemis breviler pedunculatis subcorymbosis folio 
brevioribus, sepalis petalisque consimilibus patentibus pallide flavia 
spathulatis, calcare Bubhemispherico, labelli lamina latissime triangulari 
calcare latiore sed breviore margine eroso-ciliato disco laevi, columns 

Saccolabium bigibbum, Echb.fd. MSS. 

A very curious discovery of Col. Benson's, in Rangoon or 
Arrakan, and by him communicated to Messrs. Veitch, who 
flowered it in November, 1868 ; it is nearly allied to S. den- 
tictdatotm (Tab. nost. 4772), of the Khasia Mountains, and to 
S. acutifolium, Lindl. of the Sikkim Himalaya]] ; having a 
similar habit, subcorymbose inflorescence, spathulate petals and 
sepals, and large broad laterally compressed spur, upon the 
outer edges of which the very broadly triangular lip is 
perched ; but it differs from these in the colour of the flower, 
the naked disc of the lip, the shorter stem, and bifid apices 
of the leaves. 

Descr. A small epiphyte. Boots flattened, creeping ex- 
tensively on the surface of wood, pale brown. Stem very 
short. Leaves few, spreading, three to four inches long, by 
one broad; linear-oblong, bifid at the contracted apex, bright 
green, paler and keeled below, coriaceous. Peduncle one to 
one and a half inch long, curved, and rachis green. Raceme 
very short, almost corymbiform, drooping, many-flowered, 
shorter than the leaves. Mowers, twelve to fifteen in each 
corymb, two to three inches in diameter, pale yellow with 
faint red markings on the edge of the spur. Sepals and petals 
APRIL 1st, 1869. 

very similar, spreading, spathulate, obtuse or subacute, with 
broad flat claws. Spur large in proportion to the size of the 
flowers, sub-hemispherical, short, and broad, laterally com- 
pressed, about as long from back to front as the lateral sepals. 
Lip placed on the outer edge of the spur, and thus appa- 
rently disconnected from the rest of the flower ; very broadly 
triangular, with erose and ciliated margins, white, tumid 
and yellow on the disc, which is smooth or papillose. Column 
very short. — /. I). H. 

Fig. 1. Lateral, and fig. 2, front view of flower : — both magnified. 


VincentBrooks. Day* So 11 ' Im? 

Tab. 5768. 

Flewuow-stemmed Palava. 

Nat. Ord. Malvacsjs. — Monadelphia Polygyria. 

Gen. Char. Bracteolce o. Calyx 5-fidvs ; Columna staminea usque ad 
apicem in filamenta oo divisa. OrariYloculi oo ; styli rami totidem, filiform es, 
superne truncati summo vertice stigmatosi. Carjwlla matura inordinate 
capitato-congesta, a receptaculo secedentia, indehiscentia. St men aseendens. — 
Herba? Peruviana? et Chilenses, tomentosce v. glabrkutcula. Folia sapius lobata 
dtssecta v. sinuata. Flores axtliares, pedunculati, solitarii, purpurei. Habitus 
fere Crista ria3. 

Palava flexuosa; annua, pilosa, ramis ascendentibus superne flexuosis, foliis 
oblongo v. deltoideo-ovatis sub 2-pinnatifidis lobis primariis pattcia 
oblongis lobulatis v. pinnatifidis, stipulis subulatis, pedunculis folia 
superantibus, sepalis triangulari-ovatis basi purpureis, carpellis mamil- 

Palava flexuosa, Masters in Gard. Chron. 1866. 

A lovely hardy or half-hardy annual, discovered in the 
valley of San Lorenzo, in Peru, by Mr. McLean of Lima, 
who sent it to Sir W. Hooker some thirty years ago ; since 
which time nothing seems to have been known of the plant 
until its introduction by Messrs. Veitch, through their suc- 
cessful collector, Mr. Pearce, who sent seeds that flowered in 
the Eoyal Exotic Nurseries in June 1868. The genus 
consists of five or six species, some annual, others perennial, 
all natives of the Western slopes of the South American 
Andes, and all well worthy of cultivation. One of these, 
P. rhombifolia, Graham, was figured in this work (Tab. 3100) 
many j^ears ago. 

Descr. A slender annual, branched from the roots, covered 

with spreading branched hairs. Stems eight to ten inches 

long, ascending, slender, flexuous above. Leaves on slender 

petioles, one to two inches long ; blade one to two inches 

APRIL 1st, 1869. 

long, and broad, oblong-ovate, or triangular-ovate in outline, 
pinnatifid with one or two pairs of spreading lobed or 
irregularly pinnatifid segments, which are obtuse or rounded 
at the apex ; stipules subulate, slender. Peduncles longer 
than the leaves, very slender. Flower one to one and a half 
inches in diameter, light mauve, pale towards the centre, with 
bright red anthers and bases of the petals. Sepals triangular- 
ovate, acute, purple at the base, green, not glandular dotted 
as they are in a closely-allied species. Petals very much 
larger than the sepals, obliquely truncate. Anthers very 
numerous, superimposed in five longitudinal series. Carpels 
tumid and mammillate. Styles very numerous (twenty-five 
to thirty), spreading, truncate. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1. Flower with corolla removed. 2. Ovary. 3. Transverse section 
of ditto : — all magnified. 


ii. del - 

Vincent Brooks.Da 

Tab. 5769. 
azalea linearifolia. 

Slender-leaved Azalea. 

Nat. Ord. Erice^:.— Pentandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 4726.) 

AZAL 2tZfnti , r T UliS P edicelH ^ e his P idi *> foliis elongato-linearibus 

ZThZTiT r K ge acUI T atls ^arginibus revolutis sinuatis ciliatis, 

coroll^l! ter S nallbUS ' Sepahs elon g^o-^taceis hispido-glandulosis • 

recurvis l^A enS , r ° SeiS - l0nge subulat -^nceolatis glabris patent 
recurvis, stamimbus 5, ovario appresse setoso. 

Ett TS D T 7 ! inearif0liUm ' SkMd andZucca ™' Fl - ** F<™. #«. Sect. 

VfW 1S . c ^ ml y tlie m ost remarkable species of Azalea 
hitherto introduced, well supporting the character of its 
native country, Japan, for contributing odd as well as hand- 
some plants to our collections. It has been referred to 
Rhododendron hy its original describe^ Siebold andZuccarini 
but this could only be under the extreme course of uniting 
Azalea with Rhododendron, a step I am not prepared to take" 
ino doubt these genera are closely allied, and a few species 
occur that are referable to either, but these are very excep- 
tional, and the multitude of species of both kinds, and espe- 
cially of Rhododendron, lately discovered, have not added to 
their number. As a rule Azaleas have deciduous foliage a 
more deeply divided corolla, 5-8 stamens, and never more than 
nve cells to the ovary; Ehododendrons have very persistent 
coriaceous foliage, a less deeply-divided 5-101obed corolla ten 
or more (rarely eight) stamens, and a 5-1 5 celled ovary. The 
present plant has all the habit and characters of an Azalea 
carried indeed in one point to excess, for the corolla lobes are 
very long, and free to the very base, or all but so. It was 
introduced from Japan by Messrs. Standish, in whose nursery 
it flowered m February of the present year. 

may 1st, 1869. 

Descr. A small shrub ; branches slender, hispid with rigid 
spreading hairs, red-brown. Leaves few, crowded at the ends 
of the branches, two to four inches long, narrow linear- 
lanceolate, |-inch in diameter, narrowed into a short hispid 
petiole ; margin revolute, undulate, ciliate. Mowers crowded, 
fascicled at the ends of the branches ; bracts linear or 
setaceous, green ; pedicels short, and sepals hispid with gland- 
tipped hairs. Calyx segments linear-subulate, one half-inch 
long. Corolla one-and-a-half to two inches in diameter, of five 
subulate-lanceolate recurved red-purple acuminate petals. 
Stamens five, filaments as long as the petals, slender, slightly 
pubescent, red; anthers small, dark-brown. Ovary densely 
clothed with erect stiff bristles, five-celled; style slender; 
stigma capitate. — /. D. II. 

Fig. 1. Flower with petals removed; 2. petal. 3. stamen. 4. ovary. 
5. transverse section of ditto : — all magnified. 


W Fitch, del. etlith 


WentBrooks.Pay* ■ 

Tab. 5770. 
CROTALARIA cunninghamii. 

Allan Cunningham s Crotalaria. 

Nat. Ord. Legcminos^:. — Diadelphia Decandria. 

Gen. Char. Calycis I obi liberi v. varie connati, Vexillum saspius orbi- 
culatum, supra unguem brevem ssepius 1-callosum; alee obovatae v. oblonge, 
vexillo breviores; carina incurva v. dorso angulata, rostrata. Stamina 
omnia in vaginam supra fissam connata ; antherse alternae, parvaa, versatiles, 
alternae longae basifixse. Ovarium saspissime sessile, 2-ao ovulatum ; stylus 
incurvus v. abrupte inflexus, longitudinaliter barbatus. Legumen glo- 
bosum v. oblongum, inflatum, 2-valve, intus continuum. Semina saspissime 
strophiolata, funiculo filiformi. Herbae v. frutices. Folia simplicia v. 
digitatim 1-co -foliolata; stipulce a petiolo liberce, interdum decurrentes rarius 
0. Flores jlavi, rarius ccerulei v. purpurei, racemosi v. solitarii. Bracteae 
parvce v. 0, rarius foliacem ; bracteolis parr is rarius 0. 

Crotalaria Cunninghamii ; frutex tomentosus, foliis ovatis obtusis, petiolo 
supra medium articulato, stipulis bracteisque subulatis caducis, racemis 
lateralibus densifloris, floribus magnis flavidis, calyce tomentoso, lobis 
subaequalibus, vexillo ovato-acuminato carinam subaaquante, alis brevio- 
ribus, ovario breviter stipitato villoso, legumine 1^-poll. longo coriaceo 

Crotalaria Cunninghamii, Hook. It: PL 829. F. Mueller Fragment, v. 3, 
p. 52. Benth. Fl. Austral, v. 2, p. 182. 

Though unattractive as to the colour of the flower, this is 
a very curious and striking greenhouse plant, the soft velvety- 
pubescence that clothes all the surfaces with a uniform glaucous 
hue at once arresting the attention. It is a native of the 
dry, almost desert regions of North-western and Central 
Australia, growing on sandy ridges, from Shark's Bay to the 
(xulf of Carpentaria, and penetrating southwards through 
Central Australia towards Spencer's Gulf. The specimen here 
figured was raised by W. Wilson Saunders, F.H.S., and 
flowered in his garden at Eeigate, in February of the present 

may 1st, 1869. 

Descr. A shrub two to three feet high, everywhere covered 
with a soft grey-green tomentum. Stem and branches stout, 
terete. Leaves apparently simple, but really one-foliolate ; 
petiole half to one and a half inches long, jointed above the 
middle; stipules subulate, caducous; leaflet two to three 
inches long, oblong or ovate-oblong, obtuse at both ends. 
Racemes lateral on the branches, terminating short branchlets, 
short or long, one to six inches long, very stout, erect, few or 
many flowered ; bracts subulate, deciduous. Flowers shortly 
pedicelled, one and a quarter inch long. Calyx, pale blue- 
green, tube hemispherical; lobes five, subulate, subequal. 
Corolla yellow-green, with purple veins on the ovate, long- 
acuminate reflexed standard. Wings oblong, obtuse. Keel 
as long as the standard ; shortly clawed, ovate below, with 
a long narrowed beak. Stamens all united below ; filaments 
very long and slender. Pod one and a half inch long, in- 
flated, subulate, tomentose. — /. D. H. 

Fig. 1. Flower with the corolla removed; 2, standard; 3, keel; 4, wing: 
5, pod: — all but f. 5 magnified. 



Tar. 5771. 
ERANTHEMUM andersoni. 

Dr. Anderson s Eranthemum. 

Nat. Ord. Acanthace^e. — Diandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. ( Vide supra, Tab. 5440.) 

Eranthemum Andersoni; elatum, glaberrimum, ramis subteretibus supra nodos 
leviter incrassatis, foliis oblongo-lanceolatis utrinque angustatis petiolatis 
obtuse acuminatis, fasciculis florum subverticillatis in spicam strictani 
erectam densifloram dispositis, bracteis minutis, calycis lobis subulatis, 
corolla hypocrateriformi, tubo leviter curvo, calycem longe superante, 
lobis oblongis obtusis 4-subaequalibus albis antico purpureo maculato, 
antheris exsertis purpureis. 

Kkanthemum Andersoni, Masters, in Gard. Chron., 1869, p. 134. 

E. elegans, Masters I. c. 1868, p. 1234, non Brown. 

A beautiful stove plant, a native of India, whence it was 
sent by Dr. Anderson from the Calcutta Gardens to the 
Botanic Gardens of Trinidad, and thence to Kew by Mr. 
Prestoe, the active and intelligent curator of those long- 
established and flourishing colonial gardens. It was first 
described by Dr. Masters, from plants which flowered with 
Mr. Bull, of King's Eoad, Chelsea, and which were exhibited 
at the Royal Horticultural Society's Gardens in November of 
last year ; our plant did not flower till the following January, 
and from it the figure here given is taken. 

Descr. A tall half-shrubby stove plant, bright green, per- 
fectly glabrous, sparingly branched. Stems erect, strict, green, 
nearly terete, swollen above the nodes. Leaves six to twelve 
inches long, oblong-lanceolate, narrowed into a short petiole, 
and produced at the apex into an obtuse elongated point, 
bright deep green above, paler beneath. Flowers sessile, fas- 
cicled; fascicles whorled on a tall, erect, common peduncle, 
six to eight inches high, which is simply or sparingly 
branched at the base ; bracts minute, shorter than the calyx 
may 1st, 1869. 

tube. Calyx short, green, with five subulate, erect, glabrous 
lobes. Corolla salver-shaped; tube slender, half an inch 
long, curved ; limb one to one and a quarter inches in 
diameter, of five subequal, spreading, oblong, obtuse lobes, the 
two upper rather ascending, smallest, forming an upper lip ; 
the lower also spreading, the middle of them the largest, and 
sprinkled with purple on the disc. Anthers exserted, oblong, 
purple ; cells parallel, mucronate at both ends. Ovary ovoid - 
oblong, on an oblique cupular disc ; style very slender, stigma 
minute, notched. — /. B. H. 

Fig. 1. Calyx and ovary ; 2, stamen ; 3, ovary and disc : — all magnified. 


W Fitch, del. etlith. 

Vmcer 1 tBrooks,Da.y*San.lmF 

Tab. 5772. 

Mr. Anderson- Henry s Calceolaria. 

Nat. Ord. Scrophularine^. — Diandria Monogyma. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 5392.) 

Calceolaria Henrici ; erecta, foliosa, caule puberulo, foliis oppositis breviter 
petiolatis supremis sessilibus elongato-lanceolatis 3-5 poll, longis acumi- 
natis marginibus recurvis serratis supra glabris subtus pubescenti-pilosis, 
cymis pedunculatis corymbosis 6-8-floris, glanduloso-puberulis, calyce 
parvo explanato ad medium 4-lobo, lobis latis obtusis, corolla puberula, 
labiia clausis superiore inflato transverse oblongo. inferiore depn 
globoso ascendente. 

For the opportunity of describing this new anct* almost 
hardy and. beautiful Calceolaria, I am indebted to Isaac 
Anderson Henry, Esq., E.L.S., of Hay Lodge, Edinburgh, 
who received seeds of it from our mutual friend Professor 
Jameson, of Quito, its discoverer, who states that it grows 
on the Andes of Cuenca. A very similar plant was gathered 
on the Andes of Ecuador by Mr. Spruce (No. 0081), but differ- 
ing in the much more tomentose foliage and branches, and al- 
most villous calyces and peduncles. Mr. Henry's specimen 
was flowered in 18C5. As a species it closely approaches C. 
hyssopifolia, H. B. K. (Tab. nost. 554S), also introduced by 
Professor Jameson, and flowered by Mr. Henry, and which, 
like this, forms a beautiful greenhouse plant. 

Descr. Stem two to three feet high, terete, slender, erect, 
pale green, very sparingly pubescent. Leaves opposite, three 
to five inches long, lower and middle shortly petioled, upper 
sessile, elongate-lanceolate, acuminate, margins recurved 
serrate, glabrous and dull green above, beneath pubescent, 
with scattered rather woolly hairs, midrib and veins strong 
and prominent. Cymes, six- to eigbt-llowered, numerous, 
terminal and in the upper axils, corymbose or subumbellate 
at the top of the stem, glandular-pubescent, peduncles two 
may 1st, 1869. 

to four inches long, pedicels slender, one inch long. Calyx one 
quarter inch in diameter, flattish, obtusely four-lobed to the 
middle, glandular-pubescent. Corolla deep bright yellow, 
two-thirds of an inch long, puberulous ; lips both much 
inflated, entirely closing the mouth, upper one -third smaller, 
depressed at the calyx, prominent in front, with a transverse 
depression, lower projecting, subspherical in front. Stamens 
minute, anther-cells oblong, placed end to end. — /. D. H. 

Fig. 1. Flower with corolla removed: — magnified. 


Tab. 5773. 
iris stylos a. 

Long-styled Iris. 

Nat. Ord. Ibidem. — Triakdeia Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 5298.) 

Ibis stylosa ; foliis erectis anguste ensiformibus longe attenuato-acuminatia 
striatis, spathis 1-floris, valvis appressis inasqualibus submembranaceis 
carinatis striatis, ovario angusto elongato, perianthii foliolis subfequa- 
libus late oblongo-spathulatis obtusis, exterioribus reflexis, stigmatibus 
linearibus profunde 2-fidis, segmentis apice 2-caudatis. 

Iris stylosa, Desfontaines, Flor. Atlant., v. i. p. 40, f. 5. 

I. unguicularis, Poiret, Encycl., v. iii. p. 302. 

Neubeckia stylosa, Alef eld, fide KlatU Revis. Irid. in Linncea, v. xxxiv. p. 589. 

A very beautiful and sweet-scented spring flowering 
Iris, for which the Boyal Gardens are indebted to Mrs. 
Bodichon of Algiers. It has been referred by Alefeld to 
his genus Neubeckia, the characters of which, as given by 
Klatt in his revision of the order Iridete quoted above, seem 
to me of very doubtful generic value, depending mainly, if 
not altogether, on a very variable character — viz., the length 
of the tube of the perianth, " elongate " in Neubeckia, and 
" short," in Iris. A further diagnostic character is given to 
Neubeckia, in the persistent septum of the anthers, but this, 
if not accompanied by characters of higher importance, is 
not enough to found a genus upon. Klatt refers the I. 
longispatha of this work (Table 2528) doubtfully to this 
species; Ledebour, however (Flora Kossica, v. iv. p. 95), 
identifies the I. longispatha with /. biglumis, Vahl, a Dahurian 
and Siberian species, of a very different habit. 

/. stylosa is a native of the hedges of Algeria, and is also 
found in Corfu and the Morea ; it was first published, with- 
out a specific name, in 1789, by Poiret, in his Voyage en Bar- 
barie, v. ii. p. 96, and afterwards, first as I. stylosa, by 
may 1st, 1869. 

Desfontaines in 1798, and then as I. unguicularis by Poiret, 
in 1799. 

Descr. Rhizome creeping, as thick as the thumb, pale, and 
with pale brown membranous sheaths. Leaves one to one and 
a half foot long, one-sixth to one-third of an inch broad, 
erect, slender, flat, thin, striated, attenuated to long sharp 
points, bright green, shorter or longer than the scapes. 
Scape erect, slender, sheathed by slender appressed spathes, 
one-flowered. Ovary narrow, slender, one inch or more 
long. Floioers sweet-scented, two to two and a half inches 
diameter. Claws of the perianth segments yellowish, veined 
with red-purple, one and a half inch long, gradually dilating 
into broadly oblong spathulate, subequal, entire, obtuse, 
unbearded laminae ; outer leaflets recurved, pale violet, mottled 
below the middle with pale yellow, and with a strong deep 
yellow central band ; inner rounded at the top, apiculate, of 
a uniform pale violet colour. Stigmas deeply cleft into linear 
lobes which are acutely 2-fid at the apex, and usually single 
toothed on the outer margin. — /. D. H. 

Fig. 1. Portion of styles, stigmas, and anther: — magnified. 

n,del etMi 

Vincent BrooksDayASor.. imp 

Tab. 5774. 


Smooth-leaved Cordia. 

Nat. Ord. Boragine^e. — Pent and ria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 5027.) 

Cordia (Sebestenoides) glabra; ramulis teretibus, pednnculis petiolisque 
scaberulo-pubescentibus, casterum glabra, foliisalternis oppositis v. rob- 
verticillatis oblongo-lanceolatis acuminatis integerrimis v. subserratis 
in petiohxm breviusculum angustatis, subtus reticularis, cyma brevi 
raniosa ramis scorpioideis, calyce obconico-campanulato breviter 2-4 lobo, 
lobis obtusis acutisve, corolla 5-loba. 

Cordia glabra, Chamisso in Linnea, v. viii. p. 124, non Linn. I). C. Prod. 
v. ix. p. 477. 

A handsome Brazilian stove plant, introduced into the 
Royal Gardens from South America, and flowering late in 
autumn. It has been collected in the neighbourhood of 
Rio de Janeiro and elsewhere in Brazil, by Gardner, (No. 182 
and 5031,) Yon Martius, Weir, and other travellers. 

Descr. A woody shrub. Branches terete; bran chlets covered 
with a minute rigid pubescence, which extends over the 
petioles, branches of the cyme, and often the midrib and 
nerves of the leaf below. Leaves variously disposed, usually 
alternate, but occasionally opposite or almost whorled towards 
the ends of the branches, three to eight inches long, oblong- 
lanceolate, variable in breadth, acuminate, tapering below 
into a petiole, one quarter to half an inch long, glabrous and 
shining deep-green above, paler below, with a finely reticu- 
lated venation, quite entire or rarely with sinuate teeth along 
the margins. Cymes terminal, short, branched; branches 
scorpioid, several-flowered. Calyx between obconic and bell- 
shaped, variable in size, one-third to two-thirds of an inch long, 
glabrous, finely striated, shortly and unequally two to four 
lobed at the apex, lobes obtuse or sub-acute, usually hispid 
at the top. Corolla snow-white, two and a half inches in 
May 1st, 1869. 

diameter ; tube rather broad, angled and corrugate ; lobes five, 
broad, acute, much wrinkled and crumpled. Stamens five, 
short; anthers versatile, included in the tube; filaments 
slightly hairy at the base. Ovary subglobose, narrowed into 
the style which is sub-equally four-cleft at the apex ; stigmas 
slightly thickened or clavate, recurved. Fruit (described by 
Chamisso), ovoid, half an inch long, subtended by the per- 
sistent calyx, truncate and apiculate at the top. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1. Calyx, style and stigmas; 2. base of corolla and stamens; 3. 
ovary : — all magnified. 



Tab. 5775. 
CEREUS lividus. 

Livid Cereus. 

Nat. Ord. Cacteje. — Icosandrja Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 5360.) 

Cereus lividus; erectus, robustus, pluuibaceo-viridis, caule elato remote 
articulato 4-6-costato, costis compressis 1-2 poll, profundis, obtusis, ree- 
tiusculis,_ areolis remotis leviter depressis sublanuginosis, aculeis 6-10 
rectus ngidis, 1-1 poll, longis, brunneis; floribus 10 poll, diametro, albis, 
calycis tubo glabro, sepalis cum petalis 30-40 lineari-oblongis patentibus 
obtusis, stigmatibus ad 18. 

Cereus lividus, Pfeiffer Enum. diagn. Cart. 98. Labour* Monog. Cact. 359. 
C. Perotetti, [Tort. (fid. Pfeiffer.) 

One of the most striking of the columnar Cacti in the 
succulent house at Kew, and procured, I believe from Germany, 
as a small plant many years ago ; since which time it has at- 
tained a height of twelve feet, and diameter of four to six inches. 
Though placed by Pfeiffer (who seems to have seen young 
plants only) in the section Cereastri, with inarticulate stems, 
it will be seen from the plate that when full-grown the stem 
is distinctly articulated at regular intervals, and it should 
hence probably be referred to his section Protract/. The 
specimen here figured is the largest hitherto described, and 
flowered for the first time in June, 1868. It is a native of 
Brazil, La Guayra, and Curacoa. 

•IJescr. Stem tall, erect, simple or very sparingly branched, 
twelve feet high in our specimen, with about twelve narrow 
oblong joints in that space ; of a dull leaden green colour, 
live to six angled (six to eight angled at the very base); angles 
produced into thick flat straight round-edged wings or ribs, 
one to one and a half inches deep. Areola on slight depressions 
of the wings, about one to one and a half inches apart, circular, 
one-quarter inch diameter, grey, velvety, bearing six to eight 
June 1st, 1869. 

marginal spines, which are one- quarter to one-half inch long 
deflexed grey with red tips, besides one or two central ones of 
about the same length. Flowers one or two, produced on the 
terminal joint, ascending, ten inches in diameter, white with 
a yellow-green tinge. Calyx-tube five inches long, one inch 
in diameter, terete, green, smooth, glabrous, with few dis- 
tant appressed green triangular scales; lobes about ten, 
linear-oblong, subacute, yellow-green, purplish at the back 
towards the tip. Petals very numerous, in about three 
series, spreading, narrow obovate-oblong, obtuse or apiculate, 
erose, ivory white, faintly undulate. Stamens excessively 
numerous, forming a broad cylinder two and a half inches in 
diameter, and two inches high, of filiform pale-green fila- 
ments, the lower most numerous, incurved at the apices; 
anthers small. Style very stout; stigmas about eighteen, 
subulate, erect, yellow. — J. D. II 

Fig. 1 . Reduced figure of plant. 


W. Pitch, del. etlith 


3en tBroote,Day&Son,Imp 

Tab. 5776. 
crocus orphanidis. 

Prof. Orp/ianides' Crocus. 

Nat. Ord. Ikide^e. — Tkiandeia Trigynia. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 5297.) 

Crocus Orphanidis, bulbo lagenaeformi, tunicis castaneis fibroso-membrana- 
ceis, fibris parallelis, foliis synanthiis latiusculis elongatis flores super- 
antibus, scapo involucrato, spatha membranacea vaginis inclusa, 
perianthii laciniis oblongis subacutis pallide lilacinis, fauce antherisque 
pallide flavis, stigmatibus multifidis intense aurantiacis. 

This most lovely and very distinct Grecian Crocus was 
sent to the Eoyal Gardens, together with many other valuable 
bulbs, by Professor Orphanides of Athens, under the name of 
C. pholegandrus, but with no authority for that name : as I 
can find no such name published, and am unable to trace its 
etymology, I feel compelled to coin another for it. Crocus 
Orphanidis belongs to the group with C. Boryanus and others, 
distinguished by their multifid stigmas, and flowers appearing 
together with the leaves ; it differs, however, from all pre- 
viously described species of that group, in the form of the 
bulb, its tunic, its great size, and the size and colour of the 
flower, anthers, and especially of the stigmas. It is a very 
handsome and free-flowering species, blossoming in a cool 
frame in November. 

Descr. Bulbs very large, one and a half to two inches 
long, narrow, closely covered with the bright chestnut-brown 
tunic, which is formed of fine parallel slightly interlaced 
fibres. Sheaths of the leaves two to three, membranous, pale 
green, acute, slightly striate. Leaves produced with the 
flowers and much exceeding them, lengthening after flowering, 
seven to ten inches long, about one-fifth of an inch broad. 
Spathes membranous, for the most part iricluded in the 
june 1st, 1869. 

sheaths. Flowers two to two and a half inches diameter, 
pale bright lilac-blue without veins, pale yellow in the 
throat. Segments of perianth equal, elliptic-oblong, obtuse, 
concave, not crested. Anthers very pale yellow. Stigmas 
slender, each many-times divided above the middle; lobes 
linear, slender, truncate and erose, all deep orange-red and 
very brightly coloured. — J. D. If. 

Fig. 1. Stigmas; 2. portion of tunic of bulb : — magnified. 

5777 . 



Tab. 5777. 
PELARGONIUM sohottii. 

Dr. Schotfs Pelargonium. 
{Garden Hybrid.) 

Nat. Ord. Geraniace^e. — Monadelphia Decandria. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 5421.) 

Pelargonium Schottii; totum molliter dense pilosum; caule suffruticoso 
robusto, foliis sparsis pinnatim 3-7-foliolatis, lobis lobulatis undulato- 
crispatis et crenato-dentatis, lateralibus cuneatis, terminali 3-lobo, 
stipulis late ovato-cordatis acutis; pedunculis simplicibus v. ramosis; 
calycig tubo pedicello multo longiore basi tumido, segmentis erectis 
linearibus acutis ; petalis oblongo-obovatis coccineis calyce duplo lon- 

Pelargonium Schottii, Hort. 

This plant, cultivated at Kew and in Mr. W. Wilson 
Saunders' rich collection, was received from the Continent 
under the name of Pelargonium Schottii without any authen- 
tic record of its origin and pedigree. It has near relations, 
either in inflorescence or foliage, with several old garden 
forms, but perhaps more nearly with P. Charophyllum of 
Sweet (Greran. tab. 257) than with any other. P. C/iaro- 
phyllum was a hybrid raised in 1822 from P.fulgidum fertilised 
by the pollen of P. sanguineum., 

Descr. Stem succulent, branched, twelve to eighteen inches 
high, somewhat shrubby at the base, densely covered, as are 
all other parts except the petals, with soft white spreading 
hairs. Leaves scattered, on petioles four to ten inches long, 
pale bright green and flaccid, blade pinnately three- to seven- 
foliolate, lobes or pinnules all much cut and lobulate with waved 
and crisped broadly and acutely toothed margins; lateral 
leaflets one to two inches long, obliquely cuneate, sessile; ter- 
minal three-lobed, often three inches broad. Stipules broad, 
June 1st, 1869. 

sub-cordate. Peduncle four to ten inches long, simple or 
branched, suberect, terete. Umbel six to ten flowered ; involu- 
cral bracts linear-oblong, one- third of an inch long, obtuse ; 
pedicels the same length or a little longer. Floicers one and 
a quarter to one and a half inches diameter. Catyw-tuhe one 
inch long, cylindric, slender, gibbous at the base ; lobes like 
the involucral bracts, obtuse. Petals subequal, the larger three- 
quarters of an inch long, smaller two-thirds, oblong-spathulate, 
crimson with black elongate broken blotches running into 
the nerves on the disc. — /. D. II. 

Fig. 1. Flower with the petals removed: — magnified. 


Tab. 5778. 

Kramer s Odontoglot. 

Nat. Ord. Orchide^e. — Gynandria Monandria. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 5691.) 

Odontoglossum Krameri ; pseudobulbis suborbicularibus valde compressis 
ancipitibus 1-phyllis, foliis oblongo-lanceolatis, seapis ascendentibus v. 
pendulis foliis brevioribus flexuosis paucifloris, sepalis petalisque 
oblongis acutis, labelli ungue 2-calloso lamina subquadrata 2-loba pal- 
lide roseo-violacea plaga basi utrinque semilunari alba aureo et pur- 

Odontoglossum Krameri, Rchb.jil. in Gard. Chron. 1868, p. 98, cum ic. xylog. 
Floral Magazine, t. 406 (sub O. Kremeri). 

In the matter of delicate colouring, this is perhaps the 
most lovely of all the species of Odontoglossum, recalling a 
P/ialanopsis much more than any one of its congeners ; it is 
also a remarkably free flowerer, and holds its flowers for a con- 
siderable period. Dr. Eeichenbach, who named and published 
it, states that it is a native of Costa Rica, where it was dis- 
covered by M. Kramer, collector for Messrs. Veitch and 
Sons, in whose noble Orchid collection it first flowered in 
1868. The figure here given was taken by Mr. Fitch, from a 
drawing made at Mr. Day's, and which, representing the full 
size of the plant, occupies a large folio sheet of paper. Like 
its congeners, this plant flourishes under cool treatment, 
being no doubt a native of the cool regions of the Cordillera 
of Costa Rica. 

Descr. Pseudo-bulbs nearly orbicular in outline, one and 
half inches in diameter : much compressed, sharply two-edged, 
pale glaucous green. Leaves solitary, seven to nine inches 
long, one and half to two inches broad, keeled, smooth, not 
ribbed or folded. Scapes four to eight inches long, three to 
five-flowered, pendulous, horizontal or ascending, flexuous, 

June 1st, 1869. 

green; bracts small, appressed. Peduncles with the ovary 
one to one and a half inches long. Mower one and a half inches 
in diameter. Sepals and petals suheqnal and similar, oblong, 
acute, pale violet -red in the centre, with broad white 
margins. Lip one-third of an inch broad ; neck short, 
stout, quadrate, yellow, deeply hollowed in front, with two 
erect calli ; limb subquadrate, two-lobed at the apex, angles 
rounded, the basal lateral lobes small, reflexed, pale violet- 
red, with two confluent semilunar white patches at the base, 
on each of which is a concentric red-brown band, and a few 
spots of the same colour on a golden-yellow ground. Column 
short, thick, without wings or appendages. — /. D. II 

Fig. 1. Side view of Labellum : — magnified. 


Tar. 5779. 
PLUMERIA lutea. 
Yellow-flowered Plumeria. 

Nat. Ord. Apocynaceje.— Pentandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx apice 5-lobus, lobis rotundatis, rarissime integer. Corolla 
tubus gracilis, rectus v. incurvus, fauce exappendiculata, lobis 5 dex- 
trorsura convolutis. Stamina 5, basi co-roll© inserta, filamentis brevis- 
simis, anthera; basi sa3pe diktats, apice obtusiusculaa. Ooaria 2, disco 
lminersa; stylus 1, stigmate oblongo apice 2-fido, ovula oo , suturse vea- 
trali affixa. Folliculi 2, polyspermi, sutura ventrali dehiscentes, ex- 
terne carnosuli. Semina oblonga, compressa, hinc membranaceo-alata, 
hilo elongato, alalaciniata,albumineO; cotyledones ampke. — Arbuscuke 
plerajue Americana?, ramis crassis cicatrisatis. Folia altenut, ampla ; 
Jlores ampli in eyrnas terminates corymbosas dispositi, speciosi, scepe fra- 
gr -antes. A. DC. 

Plumeria lutea ; foliis oblongo-obovatis v. elongato-obovatis acutis in peti- 
olum angastatis glabris, cyma terminali umbellata multiflora folio sub- 
aequali, calycis lobis truncatis, corollas lobis obovatis pallide roseis disco 
aureis tubo fere recto triplo longioribus, folliculis rectis elongatis 
utrinque obtusis. 

P. lutea, Ruiz and Pawn, Fl. Per. v. 2, p. 21, t. 142. Alph. DC. Prod. v. 8, 
p. 391. 

For the beautiful plant here figured the Royal Gardens 
are indebted to Mr. Linden of Brussels, from whom it was 
received a good many years ago. It has now grown to be a 
fine branching plant six to seven feet high, flowering 
copiously in June in the Palm House, where it proves a 
most attractive feature. The original describers of the plant, 
Ruiz and Pavon, seem to have known it in a cultivated state 
only ; they say it occurs in the gardens of Peru, flowering 
from January to March, and is called by the natives " Ccar- 
huas Suche, id est, Suche amarillo" 

Duscr. A small branching glabrous tree, ten to twenty 

feet high. Branches and branchlets stout, green, scarred. 

Leaves crowded at the ends of the branches, spreading, eight 

to eighteen inches long, narrowly oblong-obovate, tapering 

june 1st, 1869. 

into the stout petiole, subacute, deep bright-green above, 
paler below. Cymes terminal, subumbelled, about as long as 
the leaves, many -flowered ; peduncles and pedicels stout, 
erect, green, with red semilunar scars left by the fall of the 
bracts and bracteoles. Flowers very sweet-scented. Calyx 
green, tube urceolate, with, five short transversely oblong 
truncate crenate puberulous lobes. Corolla four inches dia- 
meter ; lobes broadly oblong, obtuse, thrice as long as the 
rather slender slightly curved tube, very pale pink with a 
broad pale golden yellow base ; tube hairy within. Stamens 
small, in the bottom of the tube ; anthers subacute. Style 
very short, with a cup- shaped apex, on which are the two 
short stigmas. Follicles described and figured by Euiz and 
Pavon as being as long as the hand. — /. D. H. 

Fig. 1. Tube of corolla laid open; 2. stamen; 3. calyx; 4. ovaries, style, 
and stigma ; 5. transverse section of ovary : — all magnified. 




* w 


Tab. 5780. 
DENDROBIUM densiflorum. 


Dense-flowered Dendrobe, white and yellow variety. 

Nat. Ord. Orchid^.— Gynandeia Monandbia. 

Dendbobium densiflorum, Wall. Cat. n. 200. Lindl. in Wall. PL As. Bar. 40. 

Gen. & sp. Orchid, p. 90. Bot. Mag. t. 3418. Bot. Reg. t. 1828. 
Var. albo-lutea, racemo elongato pedali laxifloro, sepalis petalisque albis 

translucidis, labello luteo. — Tab. nost. 5780. 

Of all the varieties of Dendrobium densiflorum, this is 
certainly the most profuse flowerer, and in many respects the 
most elegant, resembling D. Farmeri in the laxer raceme, and 
contrast between the colour of the lip and sepals. It was 
exhibited at the Horticultural Society by its possessor, Went- 
worth Buller, Esq., of Strete-Kaleigh, Devon, in March, 1867, 
as D. thyrsiflorum, a name which I have failed to find published, 
and one not very suggestive of the differential characters of 
the plant. Professor Eeichenbach, to whom I referred for 
his opinion as to its specific value, at once pronounced it a 
form of D. densiflorum, an opinion originally expressed by Mr. 
Went worth Buller, and in which I entirely coincide; for indeed 
except in the greener, glossier pseudo-bulbs and leaves, in the 
long lax panicle, and colourless transparent sepals and petals, I 
am unable to detect any distinctive characters. It was dis- 
covered by the Eev. C. Parish, in the Moulmein forests, and 
communicated by that ardent collector to Messrs. Low and 
Co., of Upper Clapton, from whom Mr. Buller procured it. 

Descr. Stem jointed, narrowly clavate, compressed, fur- 
rowed, six to nine inches long, the joints with a membranous 
sheath. Leaves few, three to six inches long, distichous, 
broadly lanceolate, obscurely nerved, dark green, coriaceous. 
Raceme lateral, from the apex of the stem below the leaves, 
recurved, pendulous, one foot long. Flowers very numerous, 
July 1st, 1869. 

lax, two inches broad. Sepals and petals similar, obovate, 
oblong, obtuse, the two lateral sepals connate at the base into 
a blunt sac, nearly white, not striate as in D. densiflorum. 
Lip rich orange, blade orbicular, fringed, exactly as in D. 
densiflorum in size, shape, and all other particulars. Column 
short, white. — /. D. H. 


W. Fitch, del etlith 

Vmcentlrooks Day * SanM> 

Tab. 5781. 

Refleoved-leaved Whortle-berry . 

Nat. Ord. Vaccinace^e. — Decandria Monogyma. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 5279.) 

Vaccinium (Vitis-Idffia) refleocum ; ramis elongatis flaccidis pendulis 
foliosis hirtellis, foliis parvis patentibus v. reflexis glaberrimis oblongo- 
v. ovato-lanceolatis acutis argute serratis rigide coriaceis nervoso- 
reticulatis, floribus parvis in corymbos breves densiiioros dispositis, 
calycis lobis ovatis acutis coriaceis, corolla breviter urceolata 5-gona, 
lobis ft parvis obtusis erectis, antheris dorso muticis. 

A beautiful little Andean rock-plant, conspicuous for 
its pendulous habit, the deep glossy green hue of the leaves, 
which are reflexed on the stem and branches, the bright pale 
red hue of the young foliage, and deep red flowers. It was 
introduced by Messrs. Veitch, through their late energetic 
collector, Mr. Pearce, from Bolivia, and flowered in their es- 
tablishment in the King's-road, Chelsea, in January of the 
present year. I have examined Herbarium specimens, labelled 
from the hills between Cuenca and Loxa, collected by Pro- 
fessor Jameson, others from the sources of the Maranon by 
Warsewitz, and from Equador by Seemann. As a species it 
approaches V. densiflorum, Benth., which is described as 
having shortly-awned anthers, and is a very much larger and 
more robust plant, with slightly serrated leaves, which are 
not reticulated as are those of this species. 

Descr. Stem woody, slender, branched from the base; 
branches one to two feet long, hanging over rocks, &c, spar- 
ingly divided, leafy, covered with a short rather hispid pu- 
bescence. Leaves small, reflexed or spreading horizontally, 
three-quarters to half an inch long, almost sessile, oblong- 
lanceolate, acute, sharply serrate except at the base, thick 
and coriaceous, deep green or purplish above and shining, 
jult 1st, 1869. 

paler beneath, much reticulated with very prominent veins 
on both surfaces. Corymbs small, short, few-flowered, or 
many-flowered and then subglobose, subterminal and axillary, 
a quarter to one -third of an inch long ; peduncles short, brac- 
teate, pedicels two-bracteolate ; bracts and bracteoles small 
and caducous. Calyx-tube subglobose, lobes five, triangular- 
ovate, acute, coriaceous, reddish. Corolla red, coriaceous, 
urceolate or almost globose, rather acutely five-angled ; lobes 
small, obtuse, contracted at the base. Stamens of equal 
length; filament short, broad, flat, white; anthers oblong, 
cells lobed at the base in front, pores oblong. Ovary five- 
celled ; style short, stout, glabrous. — /. B. H. 

Fig. 1. Leaf and portion of stem ; 2, flower, pedicel and bracts ; 3, ovary, 
calyx, style and stigma; 4, & 5, front and side view of anthers; 6, 
transverse section of ovary : — all magnified. 

57 8 Z. 

W Fitch, dei 

Vincent Brook? 

Tab. 5782. 


Ghiesbrechf s Geonoma. 

Nat. Ord. Palmace^. — Moncecia Hexandbia. 

Gen. Char. Floret monceci in eodem vel in distinctis spadicibus, ranug 
diceci, in alveolis rhacheos immersi, feminei singulatim, masculi per 
binos vel ternos. Spatha duplex (rarissime triplex) ; «tenor trancata, 
incompleta, concava ; interior compressa vel fusifornns. MA8C. Cagx 
uterqueS-sepalus; sepalis exterioribus carmato-concavis ; inter onbu 
planii Stamina 6; filament, inferne in cjrlmdrum ^nat,^eh^ 
anthers loculis divaricatis. Ovam rudimentum. F * M ' 6a ^* e f e "° T 
3-sepalus: interior trifidus. Urceolus starmnens cylmd^cen 6-den 
tatus, ovarium ambiens, antheris destitute <>"£*» 8 j **££ 
Stylus basilaris. Stigmata 3, subulata, revoluta Bac « ! . P™ 
Albumen *quabile, corneum. Embryo sub lateralis vel ba S1 W 
Palmar svlvas primevas incolentes. Caudex arundinaceus, gracilis, 
stf^slnZaL, l« V igatus,rariusnullu, ^^J^SSt^ 
max in pinnas irregulares integerrimas planiusculas ™"^™^£* s 
(pinnJifissce), petioUs vaginantes, partim caudici [f^J^^ 
vel omnes terminates. Spadices interludes emergentes , spicatj s^iusve 
paniculati. Spatine ut plurimum jam ante ^".^^j ^ 
secedentes). Flores primum in rhacheos alveolis lf**'*> * ^Inl 

obscuri, nitidcs, parce carnos^.insipido3.—^mu 1 &num. rux 

Geohoma Ghiesbrechtiana; caudice brevi aut ^^^^^ 
ovatis 6 C9Viuge pinnatisectis, petiolo longo, segmentis imequa , 
opTo^is ( sub J oppositisve, remotiusculis alteram «g^£»q£ 
lanceolatis, longissime acummati s falca to ; duobus ^£f 

Geonoma Gh.esbbecht.ana.-ZM*. « W«tt*« »*— • s^"-^ 56 ) 

CaJtBOOTNE Gh.ESB^HT.ANA.-^W » JW. &*«* «* ( l869 > 


This very ornamental Palm is fignred from specimens 
flowered inVe Koyal Garden, K^» l^been m 
cnltivation several years. It was ongi y &hiegbn)eIlt . 

r^enl^X &5&25tt- * ^ 
july 1st, 1869. 

the accompanying plate has been submitted, is of opinion that 
G. Ghiesbrechtiana, together with G. spicigera, C. Koch, merit 
subgeneric distinction from the true Geonomas. In 1859, he 
published these species as generically different under the name 
Calypirogyne ; but now he informs us he is not disposed to 
attach so much importance to their points of difference, and 
so sinks Calyptrogyne as a subgenus of Geonoma, differing from 
the typical species in some minor details of floral structure, 
which need not be enumerated here. 

Descr. Stem short or wanting. Leaves pinnate, two to 
five feet long, pinnae opposite or alternate, sessile, of unequal 
breadth, the narrower one to two-nerved, the broader six to ten- 
nerved, usually from six to twelve on each side of the rachis ; 
the intervals between the pinnae varying from half an inch 
to two inches. Petiole broadly sheathing at the base, from a 
few inches to one and a half feet long. Peduncles erect, over- 
topping the leaves, bearing a single cylindrical undivided 
spadix nine to twelve inches in length. Spatlie elongate- 
linear, acute, shorter than the spadix, at length deciduous. 
Male-flowers numerous and rather crowded, in threes, im- 
mersed in depressions of the spadix ; distinctly exserted on 
expansion. Perianth double, six-leaved, three outer segments 
concave carinate, inner concave and narrower. Stamens six, 
filaments united nearly to the apex. Female-elowers ex- 
serted, patent. Outer perianth three-leaved, inner cylindri- 
conical, the upper calyptriform portion separating transversely 
and deciduous. Abortive staminal-tube cylindrical six-toothed, 
surrounding the ovary, adnate below with the inner perianth. 
Ovary three-celled, two cells abortive ; style tripartite elon- 
gate ; stigmas three, recurved, slightly protruded. (Descrip- 
tion chiefly taken from Dr. Wendland's Memoir, cited above.) 

Fig. 1 . Entire plant, reduced ; 2. Spatlie and spadix, with expanded male 
flowers near the apex; 3 & 4. Male flowers detached ; 5. Portion of 
spadix bearing female flowers ; 6 & 7. Female flowers with calyp- 
tritorm apex of the perianth before separation : 8. After separation. 
*, o, o, /, a : — magnified. 


Tab. 5783. 
DIPLADENIA boliviensis. 

Bolivian Dipladenia. 

Nat. Ord. Apocyne^e — Pentandria Digynia. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 4702.) 

Dipladenia Boliviensis; scandena, glaberrima, foliis petiolatis acuminatis 
basi acutis, stipulis 0, calycis lobis brevibus ovatis acuminatis, pedicellis 
tortis, corolla alba tubo cylindrico fauce elongato-cylindrico, ore flavo non 
constricto, limbi patentis lobis late ovatis obtuse acuminatis, glandulis 
ad basin sepalorum lobulatis, squamis hypogynis semi-orbicularibus. 

The genus Dipladenia has hitherto been supposed to be 
confined to the east coast of America, ranging from Trinidad 
to South Brazil ; hence the discovery of the present species in 
Bolivia by Mr. Pearce, late collector to Messrs. Veitch and 
Sons, is a most interesting one. As a species, it approaches 
very near indeed to D. urophylla Hook. (Tab. nost. 4414) 
from the Organ mountains of Brazil, but differs in the shorter 
apices to the leaves, the much narrower throat of the corolla, 
and white flowers. It is a very beautiful plant, well deserving 
of cultivation, and flowered for the first time in June, 1868, 
in Messrs. Veitch's establishment. 

Descr. Everywhere perfectly glabrous. Stems slender, 
terete, twining. Leaves petioled, two to three and a half 
inches long, oblong or narrow oblong, narrowed into an obtuse 
acumen, acute at the base, bright green and glossy above, 
pale beneath, stipular glands none. Racemes subterminal or 
axillary, three to four-flowered; peduncles short, green; 
bracts minute, at the base of the short stout twisted pedicels. 
Calyx-lobes short, ovate, acuminate, green, one quarter of an 
inch long. Glands at the base of the calyx-lobes short, lobulate. 
Corolla almost salver-shaped, the tube and throat being both 
of them narrow and slender ; tube cylindric, half an inch long ; 
faux about twice as long and half as broad again, golden 
July 1st, 1869. 

yellow inside ; limb one and a half inches across, of a beautiful 
pearly white colour, lobes broadly ovate acuminate with 
obtuse tips. Stamens linear-sagittate. Ovary narrow oblong ; 
hypogynous scales two, opposite, almost semicircular in out- 
line ; style very slender, stigma mitriform. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1 . Portion of corolla and stamens ; 2, calyx, ovary, style and stigma ; 
3, base of calyx, perigynous glands, hypogynous scales and ovary ; 4, 
lateral view of ovary and scales : — all magnified. 


Tab. 5784. 

Lurid-flowered Pterodiscm. 

Nat. Ord. Pedaline^e. — Didtnamia Angiospermia. 

Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4117.) 

Pterodiscus luridus; caudice obconico, ramis brevibus foliisque subtus 
pulvereis, folus vix petiolatis lineari-oblongis semi-pinnatifidis segmentis 
ovatis obttisis, sinubus latis rotundatis, glandulis ad basin petiolorum 
sessdibus vertice depressis, corolla flavo-fusca, tubo lato lente curvo 
interne gibbo, fauce paulo constricto, ore transverse oblongo, lobis 

brevibus retusis. 

One of the most remarkable botanical features of the drier 
districts of South Africa, is the presence of plants of various 
natural families possessing short stout tuberous stems or 
caudices, rising a few inches above the ground, and sending 
forth from their crowns, on the approach of the wet season, a 
few stout herbaceous, succulent, leafy, flowering-branches: 
such are species of Viiis, of Composite, Asclepiadea, Apocynea;, 
Convolvulacece, Pedalinete, and probably many other orders. 
These have repeatedly been sent to this country, where they 
have been too often regarded as dead sticks, or if they have 
been planted they have been killed with kindness ; in other 
words, they were either watered to death, or kept in damp 
stoves till they rotted away. Happily a different system of 
treatment has lately been introduced, and we may soon ex- 
pect to see these curious and interesting things brought more 
largely into cultivation. They flourish best in a moderately 
warm house, planted in a poor soil, amongst stones, &c, and 
exposed to the full light of the sun. The present example 
of this form of vegetation is a native of the Albany district 
of Cape Colony, and was sent to the Eoyal Gardens from 
those of Graham's Town, along with many other interesting 
plants. It flowered in July, 1868, and though equally 
July 1st, 1869. 

curious, is less handsome than the beautiful P. speciosus 
figured at Tab. 4117 of this work. 

Desc. Caudex stout, tuberous, a foot long in our specimen ; 
the upper part conical, two and a half inches diameter at the 
widest part, and three quarters of an inch at the top, covered 
with pale bark. Branches annual, six to eight inches long, 
spreading, stout, rather flexuous, covered like the leaves with 
a powdery pubescence. Leaves two to three inches long, 
spreading, linear-oblong, subacute, pinnatifid to beyond the 
middle ; lobes spreading, a quarter of an inch long, triangular- 
ovate, obtuse, quite entire, dark green above, pale below ; 
petioles short, with a small sessile depressed gland on each 
side. Flowers solitary, axillary; pedicels very short, 2- 
glandular at the base. C'«/p-lobes triangular-lanceolate, un- 
equal. Corolla one and a half inches long ; tube one-third 
of an inch diameter, slightly curved, vertically compressed, 
gibbous below towards the base, pale green ; throat trans- 
versely reniform, contracted ; lobes a quarter of an inch long, 
one-third of an inch broad, retuse, spreading, pale dirty 
orange-yellow or brown. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1. Calyx, pedicel and glands, with ovary, style and stigma; 2, base of 
corolla and stamen ; 3, ovary and disc : — all magnified. 


Witch deleted 

AfacenLBrooksDay* 50115131 " 

Tab. 5785. ' 


Bulbous Morcea. 

Nat. Ord. Iride^e. — Triandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. — Perigonium corollinum, superum, tubo brevissimo, limbi 6- 
partiti laciniis interioribus minoribus, poat anthesin convolutis. Stamina 
3, perigonii tubo inserta, filamentis distinctis, anthers oblongse basifixae. 
Ovarium oblongo-prismaticum, stylus triqueter, gracilis, stigmatibua 
3 petaloideis, 2-3-fidis ; ovula plurima, angulo centrali loculorum 
2-*seriatim affixa, horizontalia, anatropa. Capsula membranacea, obtuse 
3-gona, 3-locularis. Semina plurima, angulata. — Herbs Capenses, 
rhizomate repente v. tuberoso-bulboso. Folia 2-faria ensiformia. Spatha? 
elongates, subimbricatts. 

Mobjea butbifera; l|-3-pedalis, bulbo subrotundo, bulbillis numeroais et 
radicibus brevibus curvatis divaricatim ramosis circumdato, scapo 
angulato apice flexuoso folioso glabro, foliis distichis scapo interdum 
longioribus anguste ensiformibus canaliculatis striatis margine carinaque 
asperulis, floribus luteis distiche paniculatis, spathis bivalvibus, valvis 
amplexicaulibus herbaceis inasqualibus, valva inferiore breviore 
ovata v. ovato4anceolata acuminata, superiore lineari-lanceolata, pedi- 
cellis trigonis glabris, perigonii laciniis oblongis obtusis recurvatia, 
stigmatibus bifidis laciniis lanceolatis acutis denticulatis. 

Morasa bulbifera, Jacq. Hort. Schoenbr. ii. tab. 197 ; Klattin Linn«a xxxiv. 

The Moraas, which are amongst the gayest and easiest- 
cultivated of Cape-bulbs, have long gone out of fashion and 
yet no plants of the kind exceed them m beauty ; this is 
no doubt mainly due to the length of time during which their 
bulbs or tubers must be kept dry and at rest, when the plants 
are as so much lumber in the greenhouse. The present species 
is one of the most beautiful of the genus, and produces a great 
multitude of its golden flowers in succession, which expand 
fully in the sunshine, and ornament a house for a period ot 
several weeks. It is a native of various districts of S. Ainca, 
and was lately imported by our friend Mr. Wilson Saunders 
F.K S., through his indefatigable collector, Mr. Cooper It 
was orio-inally introduced into the Vienna Gardens so long 
ago as last century, and figured, in 1792, in Jacqum s mag- 
july 1st, 18C9. 

nificent "Hortus Sclioenbrunensis." The specimen here figured 
flowered in the Koyal Gardens, in May, 1868. Viessieuocia 
fugax (Tab. nost. 5438), also introduced by Mr. W. Saunders, 
is another species of Morcea {M. edulis, GTawl.) 

Descr. Bulbs the size of a walnut ; surrounded with innu- 
merable bulbils, giving off numerous rigid rootlets that bear 
stiff horizontal fibrils. Stem rigid, one to three feet high, 
angled, glabrous, repeatedly forked, flexuous, leafy. Leaves 
often bulbiferous in the axils, distichous, longer than the 
stems, ensiform, six to twelve inches long, one-third to two- 
thirds inch broad, striated, green, slightly rough or toothed 
on the keel and margins. Spathes convolute, acuminate, ap- 
pressed. Flowers peduncled, two inches diameter, golden 
yellow ; pedicels 3-gonous, glabrous. Perianth- segments 
subsimilar, oblong, obtuse, slightly reflexed, the three outer 
speckled at the base. Anthers purple ; pollen yellow. Stigmas 
2-fid j segments lanceolate, acute, toothed.— J. D. H. 

Fig. 1. Outer segment of the perianth; 2, ovary, stigmaa and stamens — all 




V5ncent,Broole< Day & S 

Tab. 5786. 

Wood Griffinia. 

Nat. Ord. Amaryllide^e. — Hexandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 5666.) 

Griffinta dryades, elata, robusta, foliis longiuscule et crasse petiolatis 
oblongo-lanceolatis, scapo crasso multifloro, floribus 3-4 uric, diametro, 
perianthii foliolis lanceolatis lilacinis disco albo, inferiore minore, stig- 
mate simplici. 

Griffinia dryades. Vellozo, Flor. Flutn. Index, p. 3. 
Amaryllis dryades. Vellozo, Flor. Flum. Liber primus, p. 130, Icones, v. iii. 
t. 117. Kunth. Synops. v. 5. p. 544 (nomen tantum). 

When figuring the beautiful Griffinia Blumenavia two years 
ago {Tab. nost. 5666), it was little expected that a much 
larger and finer congener would soon be introduced ; such 
however is the present plant, a native of maritime forests near 
Eio de Janeiro in Brazil, and imported and flowered by that 
admirable horticulturalist, W. Wilson Saunders, Esq., F.E.S., 
at his gardens near Eeigate, in 1868. As a species, it is most 
distinct, of a very robust habit, the scapes being as thick as 
the finger, and bearing ten to thirteen tlowers, of a fine 
clear blue-lilac colour, white in the centre. 

These Griffinias are amongst the most charming stove Ama- 
ryllidea, and if not so large and gaudy as the Crimims and 
Pancratium of the Old World, are far more delicate in habit 
and colouring. The G. dryades was originally described by 
Vellozo in 1790, in his MSS. of the Flora of Kio de Janeiro, 
which was published in 1824 by Fr. Antonio d'Arrabida 

at Eio. 

Descr. Bulb almost as large as the fist, broad, flat below. 
Leaves spreading, on stout long petioles as thick as the little 
finger, with closed sheathes at the base; limb leathery, a 
foot long and upwards, five to six inches broad, bright green, 

AUGUST 1st, 1869. 

oblong lanceolate, subacute, witli many strong well marked 
nerves, and transverse reticulations. Scape thicker than the 
petiole, terete, one and a half feet high j bracts five to six, 
one to one and a half inches long, gradually tapering from a 
broad base, recurved. Flowers ten to thirteen ; pedicels short, 
green, about one inch long. Ovary small, globose. Perianth 
four inches long by four and a naif inches broad when fully 
expanded, tube cylindric, limb gibbous at the base, broadly 
funnel-shaped, lobes subequal, lanceolate, the lower shorter 
and narrower, the three upper approximate, each, two and a 
half inches long by two-thirds of an inch broad, recurved, 
acuminate, of a fine blue-lilac colour, white in the middle and 
at the base. Stamens inserted at the mouth of the tube, the 
upper erect, the rest declinate. Anthers pale yellow. Stigma 
quite entire. Fruit (from Vellozo's drawing) as large as a 
chesnut— /. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Ovary, section of perianth-tube, stamens, and style; 2, transverse 
section of ovary ; 3, a pair of ovules : — all magnified. 




Tab. 5787. 

Laurel-leaved Phaleria. 

Nat. Ord. Thymele^e. — Tetkandeia Monogynia. 

Gen. Char.— Perianthium hypocraterimorphum v. infundibuliforme, limbo 
subaequali 4-6-fido, fauce nuda. Stamina 8, biseriatim disposita, Hla- 
menris exsertis; anthers adnatae, connectivo crassiusculo. Ovarium 
sessile, 2-loculare, basi disco cupulseformi cinctum, glabrum ; stylus 
ter.ninalis, exsertus, stigmatecapitellato; ovula in loculis solitaria, prope 
apicem septi appensa. Drupa ovoidea, nuda, sarcocarpio fibroso, 1-2- 
sperma. Semina exalbuminosa ; cotyledones carnosae. — Arbores fru- 
ticesve Moluccanze. Folia sparsa v. opposita, breviter petiolata. Flores 
capitati v. umbellati, terminates v. axillares. — Phaleria, Jack, in Malay. 
Misc. v. ii. p. 59 (1822). Hook., Comp. Bot. Mag. v. i. p. 156. Dry- 
mispermum, Reinwardt, SyllogeNov. PI. Hatisb. 1828, p. 15, t. ii. 

Phaleria laurifolia ; foliis superioribus oppositis oblongo-lanceolatis acu- 
minatis, corymbis terminalibus paucifloris, involucri foliolis paucis an- 
gustis ingequalibus, floribus extus pubescenti-pilosis 4-6-lobia. 

Drymispermum laurifolium. Decaisne in Ann. Sc. Nat., Ser. 2, v. xix. p. 39, 
t. i. f. A. Meissn. in D. C. Prod. v. xiv. pt. 2, p. 604. Miguel. Fl. Ind- 
Bat. v. i. part 1. p. 885. 

An evergreen stove shrub, remarkable for the delicious 
Dap/tne-like odour of its flowers. It was communicated to the 
Royal Gardens from Ceylon by our excellent correspondent, 
Of. H. K. Thwaites, Esq., F.R.S., under the specific name 
given above, and under which he received it, I believe, from 
the Buitenzorg Gardens of Java. It is a native of Timor, 
but is closely allied to various Malayan island species. The 
genus Phaleria having been published and well described by 
Jack in 1822, takes precedence of Reinwardt's Drymispermum, 
which was not published till six years afterwards. The 
Malayan Miscellanies, printed at the Missionary press of 
Bencoolen in Sumatra, and of which the first volume, with 
many of Jack's descriptions, appeared in 1820, and the second 
in 1822, are unfortunately extremely rare in European 
libraries, but how they came to be ignored by the Dutch 

AUGUST 1st, 1869. 

botanists who were actively employed simultaneously in the 
neighbouring island of Java, is not easily explicable. 

Descr. A shrub four to eight feet high, erect, evergreen. 
Branches covered with brown tough bark. Leaves four to 
five inches long ; the upper opposite, lower alternate, very 
shortly petioled ; oblong-lanceolate, acuminate, quite glabrous, 
shining. Corymb terminal, six to eight flowered ; peduncle 
short, bracts linear-oblong or lanceolate, with tomentose 
apices and margins. Flowers sessile. Perianth pubescent, with 
scattered flaccid hairs ; tube slender, two-thirds of an inch 
long ; lobes four to seven, spreading and reflexed, very pale 
yellow. Stamens much exserted, in two approximate series. 
— /. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Flower; 2, ditto with perianth laid open; 3, anther; 4, ovary and 
disc; 5, transverse section of ovary: — all magnified. 



BrodB DayS 

Tab. 5788. 
STERIPHOMA paradoxum. 

Paradoxical Steriphoma. 

Nat. Ord. Capparide^e. — Octandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calyx cylindraceo-campanulatus, apice 2-4-lobus, irregulariter 
ruptus, basi squamulis 4 auctus. Discus annularis. Petala 4, sessilia, 
toro inserta, 2 antica paulo majora. Stamina 6, cum petalis inserta, 
adscendentia ; 2 postica breviora, filamentis longe exsertis. Ovarium 
oblongum v. cylindraceum, 2-loculare, ovulis oc 2-seriatis, stigmate 
sessili. Bacca globosa, angulata v. cylindrica, corticata, pulposa. 
Semina oc, nidulantia, angulata; cotyledones spiraliter convolute. 
Frutices America? tropica?. Folia 1 -foliolata, foliolo integerrimo. Eacemi 
terminates, pedicellis apice refractis v. decurvis, \-floris. Flores speciosi, 

Steriphoma paradoxum; foliis oblongo-lanceolatis, caudato-acuminatis 
apicibus fere setaceis. 

Steriphoma paradoxum. Endl. ex Karst. Ausw. Gew. Venezuel. p. 10, 
cum icone. Planch, in Flore des Serres, v. 6, t. 534, 535. 

Stephania cleomoides. Willd. Sp. PL v. 2, p. 239. D. C. Prodr. v. 1, p. 253. 

Oapparis paradoxa, Jacq., Hort. Schoenb. 1, p. 58, t. lii. 

A beautiful stove-shrub, introduced into Europe so long 
ago as 1797, when it was figured by Jacquin from plants that 
flowered in the Imperial Botanic Gardens at Schcenbrunn 
(Vienna). In the Eoyal Gardens of Kew it has existed for 
many years, having been received from the Trinidad Botanic 
Gardens some forty years ago, and it flowers freely every year 
in a stove. My attention was drawn to the fact of its never 
having been figured in this Magazine by Dr. Moore, of Glas- 
nevin Botanic Gardens, who sent beautiful flowering specimens 
in April of last year, from which the accompanying drawing 
was made. It is a native of the Caraccas and various parts 

of New Grenada. 

Descr. A leafy shrub, four to ten feet high. Branches 
erect or ascending, slender, terete, woody, covered with fur- 
furaceous pubescence, leaves alternate, crowded towards 

AUGUST 1st, 1869. 

the ends of the branches, spreading and deflexed, four to 
seven inches long, oblong or ovate-oblong, rounded at the 
base, narrowed into slender acuminate points, furfuraceous 
below and above when young ; petiole slender, furfuraceous, 
tumid at the apex. Bace?ne terminal, short, stout, dense- 
flowered, one to three inches long, rachis furfuraceous, tumid. 
Flowers imbricating ; abruptly deflexed from the apex of the 
orange-yellow pedicels, which are one to one and a half inches 
long. Calyx bright orange, oblong- cylindric, two-thirds of 
an inch long, irregularly split half way down, covered like 
the pedicels with furfuraceous down. Petals hardly twice as 
long as the calyx, linear-oblong, pale yellow. Stamens five to 
seven, horizontal, slightly upcurved, pale yellow, three to 
four inches long. Ovary cylindric, on a curved gynophore. 
Fruit described as cylindric. — /. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Petal; 2, receptacle and ovary: — both magnified. 


W. Fitch, del. etlith 


Tab. 5789. 
APHELANDRA acutifolia. 

Sharp-leaved Aphelandra. 

Nat. Ord. Acanthaceje. — Didynamia Gymnospermia. 
Gen. Char. ( Vide stvpra, Tab. 5463.) 

Aphelandra acutifolia; glaberrima, caule sub-4-gono, foliis petiolatis ob- 
longis acuminatis, basi in petiolum angustatis, spica terminali sessili, 
bracteis imbricatis ovato-oblongis aciiminatis serratis ciliatis rigidis 
rachique puberulis, corolla glabra coccinea, labii inferioris lobis 3 ob- 
longis obtusis, lateralibus patentibus, inter medio minore. 

Aphelandra acutifolia. Nees in D. C. Prodr. v. 11, p. 299. 

One of the most brilliant flowered of the beautiful genus to 
which it belongs, and apparently a common plant in South 
America, as I find specimens in the Herbarium from Mexico, 
Peru, New Grenada, and Surinam. The individual here 
figured was sent by Messrs. Veitch, of the Eoyal Exotic 
Nurseries, who imported it from South America, and with 
whom it flowered in October, 1868. 

Descr. A glabrous erect shrub. Stems obscurely four- 
angled. Leaves four to eight inches long, membranous, 
glabrous, oblong-ovate, acuminate and much narrowed at the 
apex, entire, but when dried rather waved and almost crenate 
at the margin, narrowed at the base into a long or short 
petiole, sometimes two inches long ; colour, a bright uniform 
green, glossy above, paler below. Spike terminal, sessile, 
erect, strict, four to six inches long, with the bracts two- 
thirds to one and a half inches broad; rachis pubescent. 
Bracts imbricating, two-thirds to one and a third inches long, 
ovate-oblong, acuminate, rigid, sharply serrate above the 
middle, minutely ciliate and finely pubescent on the back, 
strongly nerved, green with dull purple margins. Flowers 
one and a quarter to one and a half inches long, bright and 
deep vermilion red. Calyx lobes lanceolate, from a broad 

august 1st, 1869. 

base, gradually acuminate ; bracts small, subulate. Corolla 
tube slender ; limb flat, one and a half inches diameter ; upper 
lip arched, very concave, subacute ; lower longer, three-lobed ; 
lateral lobes two-thirds of an inch long, spathulate-oblong, 
middle almost twice as large, and broader in proportion. 
Ovary pubescent at the apex ; stigma minutely toothed. — 
/. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Bract and flower, with corolla removed; 2, ovary: — both magnified. 


W Fusil, del et lith 


Tab. 5790. 
myrcia amplexicaulis. 

Amplexicaul-leaved Myrcia. 

Nat. Ord. Myrtace^e. — Icosandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. Calycis tubus turbinatus v. hemisphericus ; limbi lobi 5,rarius 
3 v. 4. Petala 5, rarissime 3 v. 4, patentia. Stamina <=c, cc-seriata. 
libera, filamentis filiformibus ; anthera versatiles, v. fere basifixae, loculis 
parallelis v. altero altius affixo, longitudinaliter v. oblique dehiscen- 
tibus. Ovarium 4-rarius 2-loculare; stylus filiformis, stigmate parvo; 
ovula in loculis gemina, collateralia. Bacca calycis limbo rehquns 
coronata. Semina saspius 1-2, subglobosa : radicula longiuscula, in- 
curva v. cyclica ; cotyledones contortuplicatse. — Arbores fruticesye 
America; tropica et subtropical incolcd. Folia opposita, pennivenia. 
Flores scepias parvi, cymosi v. paniculati. 

Mtkcia amplexicaulis ; ramulis tomentosis et sericeo-strigosis, foliis amplis 
sessilibus basi lata cordatis amplexicaulibus oblongis acuminatis reticu- 
lato-costatis nervis plurimis arcuatis, paniculis brachiatis oppositis folio 
multo brevioribus, floribus fasciculatis, fasciculis remotis, anthens 2- 
locularibus linearibus loculis parallelis rimis longitudinalibus. 

ElTx1:nia amplexicaulis. — Vellozo, Flor. Fhm., v. 5, t. 44. 

Gomidesia amplexicaulis.— Berg, in Mart. Flor. Brazil. ; Myrt., p. 13. 

A very handsome Brazilian stove-shrub, remarkable for its 
fine evergreen persistent foliage. A native of the province 
of Rio de Janeiro, where it probably forms a bush or small 
tree, though it flowers freely in the stoves at Kew when only 
three to five feet high. 

Berg, in his elaborate account of the Brazilian Myrtacea, 
in Von Martius' Flora of Brazil, describes the calyx-lobes 
of this plant as acute, from the wretched drawing m Mora 
Fluminensis, where they are incorrectly figured as acute on 
the plant of the natural size, but correctly as truncate m the 
enlarged analysis ; Berg further states that the anthers are 
figured by Vellozo as those of a Gomidesia (viz. 4-celled) ; but 
I see no signs of this in the figure, nor in the live plant. 

I >escr. A shrub, covered everywhere with a soft velvety 
tomentum. Branches strict., erect, terete, stout ; branchlets 

AUGUST 1st, 1869. 

as thick as a goose-quill. Leaves opposite, sessile, ten to 
sixteen inches long, narrow -oblong or linear-oblong, acumi- 
nate, downy on both surfaces, reticulated above, lateral 
nerves below numerous, very divergent, elevated. Panicles 
downy, from the upper axils, six to ten inches long ; branches 
few, opposite, spreading. Flowers fascicled on the branches, 
sessile, three-quarters of an inch in diameter, calyx-tube 
turbinate ; lobes five, short, transversely oblong, very obtuse, 
almost truncate. Petals orbicular, white. Stamens much 
larger than the petals, filaments linear, flexuous, much con- 
tracted at the very apex ; anthers linear, cells slender, 
bursting longitudinally ; style filiform. — /. D. II. 

Fig. J, Ovary and calyx; 2, transverse, and 3, vertical section of ovary; 
4, stamen : — all magnified. 


1. Brooks, Da.y , v.: > t [irip 

Tab. 5791. 

CYPRIPEDIUM parishii. 
The Rev. Mr. Parish's Ladys Slipper. 

Nat. Ord. Orchide^. — Gynandria Diandria. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 5349.) 

Cypripedium Parishii ; foliis distichis loriformibus coriaceis, apice obliquo 
obtuso v. 2-fido immaculatis, scapo elongato stricto pubescente 3-5-floro 
foliis multo longiore, bracteis late ovatis acutis ovario dimidio brevio- 
ribus, sepalis pallide viridibus lateralibus carinatis, dorsali late ovato 
subacuto, petalis sepalis 3-plo longioribus elongato -lineanbus tortis 
sordide purpureis basi viridibus, marginibus undulatis verruceis paucis 
purpureis peniciUatis ornatis, apicibus obtusis ciliatis, labello anguste 
oblongo basi rotundato ore paulo ampUato obliquo aunculis subacutis 
prominulis, staminodio 2-fido. 

Ctpripedium Parishii, Reichb. fil in Flora, 1869, 322 ; and Gard. Chron, 
1869, 814, cum ic. xylogr. 

A superb species belonging to the Indian section of which 
C. insigne is the type, and was long the only known represen- 
tative, but which section is now increased by several noble 
discoveries, including C. Icevigatum (Tab. nost. o508) and 
C. Stonei (Tab. 5349) ; to the former of these indeed, a 
native of the Philippines, C. Parishii is very closely allied, 
differing in the larger size, pale green unstriped dorsal sepal, 
obtuse tips of the petals, the pencilled warts on the margins 
of which are more prominent, in the form of the mouth of 
the obtuse-based lip, and in the shape of the rtaminode. C. 
Parishii was discovered in the Moulmayne m0 ™ to 3 ™ 
eminent amateur of this family, our energetic e««^ 
the Eev. C. Parish, of Moulmayne, 18 o9 and re found n 

1866, when he brought roots to his garden, which flov ered „ 

1867. From this a drawing was made, and sent* >K*w, 
with a noble dried specimen, bearing hye open flowe s and 
to this Prof. Keichenbach has attached the name of its dis- 

coverer. The specimen here figured flowered with Messrs. 
Veitch in July of the present year, and presented a spike 
no less than two feet long ! Mr. Parish's dried specimen and 
flowers are quite as large as ours, and differ only in having 
a broader leaf (full two inches across) and a deep purple- 
tinted lip. 

Desc. Stem four to eight inches high, leafy. Leaves eight 
inches long by two inches broad, coriaceous, exactly linear, 
bright green, obliquely rounded, and bifid at the apex. 
Scape one and a half to two feet high, stout, covered with 
villous hairs, three- to five-flowered. Bracts large, spatha- 
ceous, ovate, acute, green. Ovary and pedicel two inches 
long, covered with soft green villous hairs. Sepals spreading, 
pale green, two inches long by one to one and a half inches 
broad. Petals pendulous, four to five inches long, linear, 
twisted, purple with pale margins for the lower two-thirds 
of their length, apex rounded and pencilled, margin in the 
upper third greenish, waved, presenting here and there 
purple very prominent shining pencilled warts. Lip one and 
a half inches long, rounded at the base, green or purplish, 
mouth rather expanded with erect acute auricles. Staminode 
large, green, broadly oblong, bifid.—/. D. II. 

Fig. 1. Staminode and stigma :— magnified. 


"W. Fitch deist Lth. 


Tab. 5792. 

Mr. Sanderson s Ceropegia. 

Nat. Ord. AsCLEPIADEiE. — Pentandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. ( Vide supra, Tab. 5306.) 

Ceropegia Sandersoni ; glaberrima, caulibus robustis elongatis volubilibus, 
foliis crasse petiolatis ovatis v. ovato-cordatis subacutis obtusisve car- 
nosis, pedunculis brevibus crassis paucifloris, bracteolis parvis ovatis 
acutis, calycis lobis ovato-lanceolatis acuminatis, corolla albo-viridi 
magna ampla, tubo basi modice inflate curvo sursum valde ampliato 
late infundibuliformi translucido, lobis remotis in laminam horizontalem 
basi 2-lobam ciliatam dilatatis, laminibus in umbraculam latissimain 
5-lobam 5-sulcatam connatis, coronae staminea? lobis exterioribua 0, 
interioribus elongatis erectis apicibus recurvis. 

Ceropegia Sandersoni, Decaisne in Utt. 

This very striking and conspicuous -flowered plant, was 
discovered in July, 1867, by our active and able correspondent, 
John Sanderson, Esq., of Natal, in the Bush on the banks of a 
stream flowing into the Umgeni river in a stony soil ; and 
by him a sketch was in the following year sent both to 
myself and to my friend M. Decaisne, who provisionally gave 
it the above name, — a richly- deserved compliment to its ex- 
cellent and liberal discoverer. In 1868 live specimens were 
transmitted in a Ward's case by Mr. Sanderson to Kew, and 
these having gone on flowering abundantly, from the month 
of May till the present time, enable me to figure it here. In 
habit C. Sandersoni differs altogether from its congeners, as it 
does in its stout stem like that of a Vanilla, its succulent 
leaves, and the remarkable structure and colour of its semi- 
transparent flower capped by the curious broad lobed hood 
of mottled green, which bears near the margin a series of 
erect white Hat hair-like proces!M'^ 

ii,MF;i;i; 1st. IStJ'J. 

Descr. A lofty glabrous climber. Stems stout, succulent, 
as thick as a goosequill, twining, and sparingly branched. 
Leaves small and distant for the size of the plant, shortly 
stoutly petioled, one and a half to two and a half inches long, 
ovate-cordate, obtuse, thick and succulent, nerveless, deep 
green like the stems. Peduncles axillary, short, curved, stout, 
terete, bright green, three- to four-flowered. Bracteoles small, 
subulate. Pedicels short. Calyx-lobes subulate, quarter of an 
inch long, green. Corolla two and a half inches long, curved 
at the base, two inches broad across the top ; tube slightly 
inflated and green at the base, expanding into a funnel- 
shaped, five-angled, transparent limb, with opaque green 
reticulated veins; this presents five short distant lobes on 
its margin, which bears the five curious horizontal appendages 
that together form the umbraculiform cap to the flower : this 
cap is bright verdigris- green, pitted on the surface and 
formed of five confluent convex lobes with a conical central 
papilla, each lobe is two-lobed at its outer margin, and the 
margins are turned up and bear a series of transparent flat 
erect hairs within the border. Staminal corona yellow, termi- 
nating in five erect strap-shaped connivent processes with 
recurved apices.-^/. D. If. 

Fig. 1, Staminal corona; 2, pollini :— both magnified. 

?h, del .et lith 


Tab. 5793. 

ACER rufinerve ; var. albo-limbata. 

Red-nerved Maple, — white-bordered variety. 

Nat. Ord. Sapindace^e. — Polygamia Octandria. 

Gen. Char. — Flores ssepissime polygamo-dioeci. Calyx ssepius 5-partitus, 
deciduus, imbricatus. Petala v. lobis ealycinis isomera. Discus annu- 
laris, lobatus. Stamina saepius 8, disco inserta, filamentis filiformibus. 
Ovarium 2-lobum, 2-loculare, septo contrarie compressum ; styli 2, inter 
lobos ovarii inserti, filiformes, intus longe stigmatosi; ovula in loculis 2, 
superposita v. collateralia. Samarce 2, divaricatag, l-2~sperma2, longe 
alatse, alis elongatis oblique dilatatis. Semina adscendentia, compressa, testa 
membranacea, endopleura carnosa ; embryo conduplicatus. — Arbores succo 
aqueo, rarius saccharato, rarissime lacteo. Folia opposita, decidua, integra 
lobata v. subpedatim 5-7 -partita. Flores racemosi v. corymbosi, axillares et 

Acer rvfinerve ; foliis e basi cordato, palmato, 3-5 -lobis argute duplicato 
serratis superne glabris, subtus ad nervos rufo-lanatis demum glabratis, 
lobis deltoideis abrupte caudato-acuminatis lateralibus brevioribus, ra- 
cemis simplicibus tmdtifloria, floribus breviter pedicellatis, sepal is ob- 
longis petalis obovatis paulo brevioribus ovarioque glabris, samara; alis 
late cultratis rotundatis adscendentibus. 

Acer rufinerve, Siebold et Zuccarini, Fi. Japon.v. ii. t. 158, ined. ex. Fl. 
Jap. Fam. Nat., Sect. i. p. 47. Miquel Prolvs. Fl. Japan, p. 20, et 
" Sur les Erables du Japon," in Archives Neerlandaises, v. ii. 1867. 

Var. albo-limbata ; marginibus foliorum albo marmoratis. 

The Japanese Maples, of which many species are now to be 
found in our gardens in a young state, are amongst the most 
beautiful novelties of late introduced into the Arboretum, 
for that many of them will prove as hardy as their fellow- 
countrymen, the Salisburia, Sophora japonica, and Jucuba, 
can no longer be doubted. Our figure represents one of the 
noblest of these in foliage, and a very remarkable variety of 
it, exhibiting that variegation so frequent amongst Japan 


plants, and which the Japanese themselves so sedulously 
encourage in their gardens and pleasure grounds 

Acer rufinerve is a native of Nagasaki and Yokohama, two 
widely-separated localities, with very different climates ; and 
there are specimens of the white-bordered variety in the Hew 
Herbarium, collected by the eminent Russian traveller and 
botanist, Maximo wicz, in the town of Jedo. Ine figured 
specimen is from the nurseries of Mr. Standish, and was ex- 
hibited at the Horticultural Society in May of the present 

Descr. A large tree. Branches stout ; branchlets, peduncles, 
petioles, and often midrib of the leaf below pale red. Leaves 
palmately three- to five-lobed, cordate at the base, three to 
rive inches long and broad ; rufous-pubescent or woolly below 
on the nerves when young, glabrous when old, lobes broadly 
ovate or triangular abruptly cordate-acuminate, doubly 
serrate, deep green, mottled along the border with white ; 
petiole one to one and a half inches long. Bacemes pendulous ; 
flowers green, quarter of an inch in diameter. Calyx-lobes 
obovate-oblong. Petals broadly obovate, crenate. Stamens 
eight. Fruiting raceme lengthened. Samaras one to one and 
a half inches across the pair ; wings slightly falcate, rounded 
at the apex. — /. D. H. 

Fig. i, Flower; 2, the same seen from the outside; 3, stamen; 4, 
fruit: — all but fig. 4 magnified. 




- - 

3 2. 

_ A 

islet lith. 

Tab. 5794. 
primula pedemontana. 

Piedmontese Primrose. 

Nat. Ord. Primulace^e. — Pentandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 552$.) 

Primula pedemontana ; foliis oblongis obovatisve obsolete repando-dentatis 
glanduloso-ciliatis junioribusconvolutis subcarnosis lagvibus, scapo pedi- 
cillisque glandulis brevissime stipitatisviscosisadspersis, involucri brac- 
teis parvis late oblongis obtusis pedicellis innlto brevioribus, corolla 
lobis obcordatis, fauce esquamato non farinoso, staminibus sexus bre- 
vistyli paulo infra medium tubi insertis, capsula calycem ajquante. 

Primula pedemontana, Thomas. Plant, exsicc, Koch. Synops. Flor. Germ, et 
I Id ret., Ed. 2. p. 675. 

One of a lovely series of Swiss Alpine Primulas of the 
Auricula group, which includes P. pubescens, Jacq., rhatica, 
(iaudin and villosa, Jacq., and which are distinguished from 
one another by such slight characters that continental authors 
are not altogether of one accord as to their limits Reichen- 
bach (Ic. Crit. vol. vii. p. 17. t. 850-7), considering them as 
one species, and Koch keeping them distinct. It is a native 
of the high Alps of Piedmont and Switzerland, and one of 
the most lovely plants of those regions. The specimen 
figured bloomed profusely in the Royal Gardens in April of 
the present year, from roots received from Messrs. Backhouse, 
of York. The flowers vary a good deal in colour in the 
native state, those here figured are of the clearest and brightest 
rose-purple that can well be imagined. 

Desc. Rosettes of leaves two to three inches in diameter, 
appressed to the ground. Leaves one to one and a half inches 
long, oblong or obovate, hardly petioled enough to be spathu- 
late, obtusely sinuate, toothed, covered and fringed with glan- 
dular viscid hairs, deep given with a paler midrib. Scapes 
stout, two to four inches high, very many-flowered, viscidly 

iii.MUU: 1ST, 1SI>0. 

pubescent. Invohcral leaves very short, ovate or oblong, 
obtuse, appressed. Mowers numerous, usually forming a 
dense bead ; pedicels strict, viscid, much longer than the 
involucral bracts. Calyx-tube oblong-cylmdnc viscid, teeth 
short, rounded. Corolla rose-purple, tube much longer than 
the calyx, half an inch long; limb one inch diameter ; throat 
naked yellow, without farina or scales, lobes obcordate, not 
deeply lobed. Stamens in the short-styled form inserted 
shortly below the mouth of the corolla. Ovary globose. 
Capsule as long as the calyx. — /. B. H. 

Fig. 1, Flower; 2, calyx cut open, showing the ovary -.-magnified. 


Tab. 5795. 
DORSTENIA argentata. 

Silvercd-leaved Borsten ia. 
Nat. Ord. Moi:k.e. — Mojkecia Diakdeia. 

Gen, Char. — Beceptaculum carnosum, concavo-planum. Floret plurimi i 
alveolis receptaculi, masculi femineis mixti. Masc. Alveoli superficialea. 
Perigonium v. lobi o ad orem alveoli. Stamina 1 v. plura, filamentis fili- 
formibus; antherse 2-loculares, globoso-didymae. Fbm. in foveolis recep- 
taculi solitarii. Perigonium 0. Ovarium breviter stipitatum, ovatum, 
l-loculare; stylus lateralis, filiformis, stigmate 2-fido; ovulum 1, parieti 
■styligeri appensum. Utriculi demum circumscissi, receptaculo subsucculento 
immersi. Semen uncinatum, testa crnstacea ; embryo uncinatus.— Herbae 
America; tropica? incohe, acaules v. caulescentes. Folia varia, radica ii a y. 
caulina et alterna. Capitula Bcapos radicales v. pedunculos axillares termi- 

Dobstekia argentata ; caule o basi radicante prostrato erecto puberulo folioso 
purpurasceute, foliia alteraiB breviter petiolatis oblongis v. august.' 
lanceolatis, apice attenuate obtuso apiculato, obscure sinuato-denlatis, 
supra et subtua ad nervos patentes puberulia siccitate scabridis, disc, 
supra late irregulariter argentutis marg'me saturate viridi. petiolo brevi 
costaque subtus fuaco-purpureis, stipulis subulatis persistentibus, pedun- 
culis axillaribna, receptaculis, orbicularibua pubeacentibua leviter con- 
cavia margine processibus brevibtw subcapitellatis ornate, alveolis disci 
femineis marginie' masculia monandxis, perigonii lobis 8. 

A remarkably pretty variegated-leaved stove plant, a 
native of South Brazil, for which the Eoyal Gardens are in- 
debted to Mr. Wilson Saunders, F.K.S., of Keigate. It is 
not described by Miquel in the monograph of the Brazilian 
species, which has appeared in Martins' s Flora Brasihensis, 
but there are dried specimens in the Kew Herbarium sent by 
Dr. Fritz Midler, of Sta. Catherine, South Brazil. 

Desce, Stem nearly simple, terete, horizontal and rooting 
for a foot or so, sending up few ascending simple leafy branches 
six to twelve inches high ; branches dull purple, terete, pu- 
rexBEB 1st, 18G9. 

bescent, almost as thick as a goosequill. Leaves numerous, 
alternate, three to Eve inches long, oblong- or narrow-lanceo- 
late, narrowed above to an obtuse apiculate tip, and below 
into the petiole, sinuate-toothed, deep green at the margins, 
with a broad central silvery zone which is marbled with 
green at the juncture of the colours, scabridly puberulous 
above and beneath on the nerves which spread widely from 
the costa, petiole half an inch to one inch long and midrib 
below purple ; stipules persistent, small, subulate. Peduncles 
axillary, half an inch to one inch long, stout, dull purple, 
puberulous, suddenly expanding into the peltate orbicular 
slightly concave receptacle, which is dark green, three-quarters 
of an inch to one inch in diameter ; margin furnished with a 
series of short obtuse purple capitate conical tubercles, each 
tipped with a few short hairs. Flowers of the disc all female, 
immersed in simple alveoli. Ovary flagon-shaped; styles 
two, recurved. Outer flower* male, in few series ; the mouth 
of the alveoli furnished with three broadly ovate, short, 
green incurved perianth-lobes. Stamens three, surrounding 
a conical papilla (a rudimentary ovary). — •/. D. H. 

Fig. J, Eeceptaclc; 2, vortical section of the same: — both magnified. 


Tab. 5796. 
DROSOPHYLLUM lusitanicum. 

Portuguese Yelloio Sundew. 

Nat. Ord. Droserace^e. — Octandria Pextagynia. 

Gen. Char. — Calyx 5 partitus, foliolis oblongis imbricatis. Petala 5, hypo- 
gyna, patentia, nervosa. Stamina 10-20, hypogyna, filamentis filiformibus ; 
anthers oblongfe, extrorsce. Ovarium ovoideum, 1 loculare ; styli 5, fili- 
formes, stigmatibus capitatis; ovula numerosa, placenta basilari affix*. 
Capsula conica, chartacea, 1 -locularis, ad medium 5-valvis, polysperma. 
Semina majuscula, obovoidea, funiculo elongato, testa crassa; embryo in 
basi albuminis densi semi-imraersa, minima. Fruticulus pedalis, caule brevi, 
totus pilis grosse capitato-glandulosis viscidus. Folia confertim alterna, 
elongato linearia, apice attenuata, vernatione circinatim revoluta. Flores 
corymbosi, ampli, sulphurei. Capsula exserta, erecta. 

Drosophyllum lusitanicum, Linn. D. C. Prod. i. 320. St. Hil. in Mem. Mus. 
ii. 124, t. 4, f. 13. 

This almost shrubby representative of the Sundews of our 
bogs and moors is one of the most singular plants of the 
European Flora ; it differs from its ally Drosera, not only 
in habit and size, and in some very curious points of struc- 
ture, as the numerous stamens, entire styles and basilar 
placenta?, but in the nature of the glandular hairs, which 
have rigid pedicels that are not endowed with the motive 
power of those of the English Sundews, which curve towards 
their prey when once it is entangled. A stril more anoma- 
lous character is to be found in the way the leaves are 
developed in the bud, being circinate and revolute, not invo- 
lute as in our Droseras, in Ferns, Cycads, and other plants ; 
and of this mode of development Drosophyllum is, in so far as 
I know, the only example in the vegetable kingdom. 

Drosophyllum is a native of Spain, Portugal, and Mauri- 
tania, inhabiting sandy shores and dry rocks, by the sea and 

OCTOBER 1st, 1869. 

inland The Royal Gardens are indebted to M. Goeze of 
the Botanical Gardens of Coimbra, for seeds and living plants ; 
as also to Mr. Darwin, to whom they were sent by Mr. U. 
Maw who collected them himself on the coast ot Marocco. 
The 'plant flowered at Mr. Darwin's and at Kew m April 
of the present year. . . . , 

Descr. Whole plant, except the leaf-base, inside of sepals, 
petals, stamens and ovary, covered with purple, pedicelled, 
viscid glands. Stem woody, two to three inches high, as 
thick as the little finger, rough with the old leaf bases. 
Leaves crowded at the top of the seem, four to eight inches 
long, spreading, one-eighth of an inch broad, gradually 
narrowed to the apex. Flowering stem leafy, stout, a loot nigh. 
Flowers in a lax corymb, erect, one and a half inches in dia- 
meter-; branches distant, nexuous, bracteate at the forks; 
bracts linear, quarter to half an inch long, pedicels one to 
three inches long, stout. Sepals one-third of an inch long, 
oblong, acute. Petals obovate, spathulate, bright pale yellow, 
membranous, twisted after flowering. Stamens usually ten, 
alternate longest ; anthers short, yellow. Ovary oblong, one- 
celled ; styles usually five, stigmas capitate ; ovules anatro- 
pous, crowded on a central receptacle. Capsule three-quarters 
of an inch long, narrow ovoid, coriaceous, glossy, five-valved. 
Seeds compressed. — /. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Portion of leaf and gland; 2, gland; 3, sepals, stamen and pistil ; 
4, petal ; 5, stamen ; G, ovary ; 7, transverse, and 8, vertical section ol ditto . 
— all magnified. 




Tab. 5797. 
MACKAYA bella. 

Natal Mackaya. 


Gen. Char.— Calyx parvus, ebracteolatus, equaliter 5-partitus, laciniis Corolla tubus cylindraceus, limbus ampliatus oblique campanu- 
latus, venosus, subasqualiter, 5-lobus, lobis patentibus. Stamina circa 
apicem tubi inserta; duo fertilia antheris sagittatis bilocularibus sub- 
a?quilateris pilosis; duo inferiora ananthera filiformia. Stylus filiformis; 
stigmate minute bifido. Ovarium loculis medio bi-ovulatis. Capsula? — 
Frutex gracilis, inermis. Folia supra minute punctata, sinuato — dentata. 
Racemi terminates, laxe secundiflori, bracteis Iracteolisque infra medium 
pedicellorum minimis. Flo?-es magni, speciosi, lilacini. Harv. Thes. Cap. 
Tab. xiii. 

Mackaya bella, Harvey in Proc. Dull. Univ. Zool. et Bot. Ass. ined. The- 
saurus Capensis, t. xiii. T. Anderson, in Journ. Linn. Soc. v. vii. p. 18 
and 53. 

This most beautiful Acanthaceous plant was dedicated by 
the late Professor Harvey, of Dublin, to his old friend, Dr. 
J. T. Mackay, Keeper of the Dublin University Botanic 
Garden, and author of " The Flora Hibernica ;" it is a na- 
tive of the bed of the Tongat river, Natal, where its dis- 
coverer, Mr. J. Sanderson, describes it as " a beautiful shrub, 
one mass of most delicate pendant, pale lilac, campanulate 
flowers." For living specimens the Eoyal Gardens are in- 
debted to its discoverer, and to Mr. McKen, of the D'Urban 
Botanic Gardens. It flowered in the Palm House in May of 
the present year. 

Descr. A tall, slender, nearly glabrous shrub, with virgate 
branches. Leaves on short petioles, patent, ovate-oblong, 
two to four inches long, glabrous, but minutely granulated 
on the upper surface when dry, sinuate-toothed, apex con- 
tracted, obtuse or acuminate, veiny. Racemes four to six 

OCTOBER 1st, 1869. 

inches long, many-flowered, terminal, unilateral; bracts 
opposite, minute, subulate; pedicels two to three lines 
long, cernuous, bracteolate at a line from the base. Flower* 
secund, erect. Calyx continuous with the pedicel, equally 
five-partite, with narrow subulate segments. Corolla nearly 
two inches long, pale lilac, throat with most delicately 
pencilled reticulated purple veins, of thin membranous sub- 
stance, tubular below, campanulate upwards, with a deeply 
five-lobed, subequal, spreading limb ; the segments oblong, 
obtuse. Stamens inserted at the top of the narrow tube of 
the corolla, shorter than the limb ; two perfect, with sagittate, 
pilose, equal- sided, two-celled anthers ; two reduced to fila- 
ments, nearly as long as the others, without anthers. Style 
filiform, with a minute, bifid stigma ; ovary bilocular, with 
two ovules in each cell. Capsule unknown. — /. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Corolla laid open ; 2, stamen ; 3, calyx and style ; 4, ovary :— all 


Tab. 5798. 

iERIDES japonicum. 

Japanese JErides. 

Nat. Ord. Orchideje. — Gynandria Monogtnia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 5138.) 

iERIDES Japonicum ; foliis brevibus lineari-oblongis recurvis carinatis apice 
oblique bilobis, racemis 6-10-floris, sepalis oblongis obtusis albo-viri- 
dibus, petalis consimilibus, labelli laciniis posticis brevibus plicatis in- 
termedio obovato spathulato basi saccato apice rotundato crenulato 
medio obtuse carinato carina crassa tumida lasvi alba violaceo-maculata, 
calcare brevi infundibuliforme obtuso adscendente, columua subelon- 
gata, anthera rostrata. 

Brides Japonicum, Linden et Reichb.fil. in Hamburg Garten- undBlumen- 
zeit, ann. 1863, p. 210. 

The presence of JErides in so high a northern latitude as 
Japan is a remarkable fact in Botanical Geography, as testify- 
ing to the warmth of the southern coasts of that Archipelago, 
and to the extension of a Malayan type of vegetation to so 
high a parallel. As a species A. Japonicum is compared by 
Eeichenbach with A. radicosum, A. Eich. {Saccolabium Wiglrfi- 
auum, Lindl.), from which it differs in habit, but which it 
resembles in the form of the lip. 

JErides Japonicum was originally introduced from Japan by 
Mr. Linden of Brussels in 1862, and more recently by Messrs. 
Veitch, with whom the plant from which the present figure 
was taken flowered in June of this year. 

Descr. Stem very short. Leaves six to eight, two to three 
inches long, three quarters to one inch broad, recurved, linear- 
oblong, keeled, unequally two-lobed at the apex, dark green 
above. Raceme six inches long, flowers distant, one and a 
half inches from the tip of the lip to that of the back sepal, 
bracts short. Sepals and petals nearly half an inch long, 
oblong, obtuse, greenish-white; lateral sepals with dull 

OCTOBER 1st, 1869. 

brown-purple bars towards the base. Basal lobe of lip oV 
lono-, with two short plaited lobes and an intermediate 
spinous process placed over the mouth of the spur ; terminal 
lobe obovate-spathulate, crenate, concave and gibbous below, 
white, with a raised, dark violet, smooth, median ridge, and 
a few paler violet spots. Spitr short, funnel-shaped, obtuse, 
the point reaching half the length of the lip, to the gibbosity 
at the back of which it points. Column one third of an inch 
long, incurved. Anther beaked. Pollinia globose ; caudicle 
short. — /. D. H- 

Fig. 1, Column and anther; 2, pollinia; 3, lip and spur; 4, anterior view 
of lip : — all magnified. 

W.Rtdi, daletlth. 


Tab. 5799. 
NERTERA depressa. 

Depressed Nertera. 

Nat. Ord. Rubiace;e.— Tetrandria Monogtnia. 

Gen Char^-Ftores hemapBrocfili Calycis tubus ovoideus; hmbus 
truncatus v obscure 4-dentatus. Corolla tubulosa v. mWibulifornus, 
IZbT Stamina 4; filamenta basi corolla, inserta ; anthens exsertos. 
^Sm 2'4o a culare ; Wis 1-ovulatis. SVjU 2 elongat, ^£g* 
raloso-stio-matiferi. Bacca globosa, carnosa, dicocca ; coccis conaceis, 
tsZSt Semina plano-convexa, intus sulcata.-Herb* pan*, repentes; 
ill sempervirentibus; stipulis intrafoliaceis ; florin* «Jto*« **- 

Nertfra depr«M; glaberrima, caulibus repentibus, ramulis suberectis v. 

demissS, foliis petiolatis late ovatis acutis, calycibus ovarnsque glaber- 

rimis, embryone majusculo. 
Nerteka depressa, Banks and Sol in Gatrtn. Fntct. v. i p. 124 t 26. 

DC Prod v iv p. 451. Smith, Ic. ined. v. n. t. 28. HooL.J.n. 

Tasm. v. i. p. 167. Handbook of Neio Zealand Flora, p. 120. 
Nerteka repens, Ruiz and Pav. Fl, Perm., v. L p. 60, t. 90. 
EBTTHEODAMUM alsinatforme, Pet, Thenar, FL Trist. JAcunha, p. 42. t. 10. 
Gomozia granatensis, Mutis in Linn. jd. Suppl p. 2 »- 

Though when in flower one of the most insignificant of 
flowering plants, when covered with its translucent orange 
frnTt which it keeps for a long period, this is one of the 
mo't Inarming of rockwork plants. It is a native of the 
bleak cold Antarctic mountains throughout the southern 
hemisphere, where I have gathered it m Lord Auckland and 
Campbell Islands, the Falkland Islands, and Cape Horn it 
also Inhabits Tristan d'Acunha, the mountains of New Zea- 
land and Tasmania, and follows the Andes from Cape Horn 

*^£££ here figured flowered in June, and fruited in 

October 1st, 1S6'.>. 

August, 1868, and remained in fruit during a good part of 
the winter. It was communicated to the Boyal Gardens by 
Mr. Niven, from the rich herbaceous collection of the Botanic 
Gardens of Hull. 

Descr. A low, depressed, densely tufted herb, covered with 
minute yellow-green flowers, succeeded by globose, bright 
orange-red berries. Almost glabrous in every part. Stems 
creeping and rooting, densely tufted, six to ten inches long, 
tetragonous. Leaves one-sixth to one-third of an inch long, 
broadly ovate, acute or obtuse, coriaceous or almost fleshy ; 
petioles as long as the blade or shorter. Stipules very small. 
Floioers solitary, minute, sessile, one-tenth of an inch long, 
probably subunisexual, one sex having long stamens and 
short styles, the other the reverse. Calyx-limb four-toothed. 
Corolla funnel-shaped, green with four short spreading lobes. 
Stamens four, filaments flattened. Ovary two* celled, styles 
slender, papillar all over ; ovules one in each cell. Fruit glo- 
bose, bright orange, translucent, size of a small pea, most 
abundantly produced, each with two plano-convex coriaceous 
one-seeded cocci. — /. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Tip of branch with leaves and flower; 2, corolla laid open; 3, sta- 
men ; 4, ovary ; 5, vertical section of ditto ; 6, tip of branch and fruit ; 
7, transverse section of ditto ; 8, cocci : — all highly magnified. 



Tab. 5800. 
BIGNONIA purpurea. 

Nat. Ord. Bignoniace^e. — Didynamia Angiospermia. 

Gen. Char. — Calyx margine 5-dentatus, rarius integer aut 5-partitus 
aut 2-3-lobus. Corolla bilabiata aut subasquabs, 5-fida. Stamina _ 4 
fertilia, didynama, quinto sterili. Antherce loculis glabris, saepissime dis- 
cretis. Stigma bilamellatum. Capsula valvis vix convexis planisve, septo 
piano valvis parallelo. Semina ad quodque septi latus uniseriata, utrmque 
alata, ala pellucida.— Caules nunc frutescentes arboresve erecti, nunc fruticoso- 
scandentes. Folia fere ubique opposita, petiolata, sed ccsterum valde varia. 
Flores scepe speciosL 

Bignonia purpurea, glaberrima, foliis breviter petiolatis 2-foliolatis petiolo 
ssepissime in cirrhum producto, foliolis oblongis obtusis v. subacutis re- 
curvis breviter petiolatis, floribus inaxillis foliorum 2-nis, breviter pedun- 
culatis, pedunculis basi minute bracteolatis, calyce tubuloso campanulato, 
ore plicato plicis in dentes 5 conicos breviter productis, corolla? pallide 
lilacinae iiiuce albo tubo infundibuliforme, limbi lobis obovato-rotun - 
datis, ovario tuberculato. 

Bignonia purpurea, Lodd. D. C Prod. v. ix. p. 171 (name only). 

This magnificent stove climber has long been cultivated in 
the Palm House at Kew, and is no doubt the Bignonia pur- 
purea of Loddiges' catalogue, an undescribed plant, of which 
there is a named specimen in the Hookerian Herbarium col- 
lected in the Liverpool Botanical Garden, probably thirty 

y6 AsTspecies B. purpurea is closely allied to B. speciosa 
Hook. (Tab. nost., 3888), a native of Uraguay, resembling it 
altogether in habit and foliage, and in size and colour oi the 
flower, but differing in the longer calyx, with short conical 
teeth, 'and narrower corolla tube. 

Descr A lofty glabrous climber. Stem slender. Leaves 
bifoliolate; petioles short, one- third of an inch long, some- 
times ending in a long flexuous tendril; leaflets two and a 
half to three and a half inches long, obovate-lanceolate, 

OCTOBER 1st, 1869. 

abruptly narrowed to an acute point, bright green above, 
paler below, their petioles one quarter of an inch long. Flowers 
in pairs in the axils of the leaves, pedicels half an inch long, 
with minute subulate bracts at the base. Calyx one-third 
of an inch long, tubular-campanulate, plaited at the month, 
with five short, obtuse, conic teeth. Corolla mauve, with a 
large white eye, tube funnel-shaped, one inch long, lobes 
nearly equal, rounded, mouth transverse. Stamens and style 
included, glabrous. Ovary upon a small disc, ovoid, tuber- 
culate, two-celled ; cells with two rows of horizontal ovules. — 
/. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Calyx and style; 2, base of corolla throat, showing the stamens; 
3, anther ; 4, ovary ; 5 and 6, vertical and transverse section of ditto : — all 

W. Fitch, del. etlith. 

;,Day&: ; 

Tab. 5801. 
COTYLEDON salzmanni. 

Sahmanns Cotyledon. 

Nat. Ord. Crassulace^e. — Decandria Pentagynia. 

Gen. Char. — Calyx 5-partitus, corolla tubo sequalis v. brevior. Corolla 
tubus angustus v. amplus, urceolatus v. cylindricus, teres v. 5-gonus, limbi 
lobis parvis patentibus. Stamina 10 (rarissime 5), tubo corolla inserta, 
filamentis filiformibus brevibus v. elongatis ; antheree oblongse, exsertae v. 
inclusEe. Squamula lineares, oblonga? v. quadratae, nunc latiores quam 
longEe. Ovarii carpella 5, libera, in stylos filiformes v. subulatos saspe 
exsertos attenuata, stigmatibus oblique capitellatis ; ovula in carpellis <x. 
Folliculi oc-spermi. — Herba? v. suffrutices ramosm v. subscapigero?, habitu 
valde varia. Folia opposita v. alterna, sessilia v. petiolata, sa?pe crassissime 
carnosa, in paucis peltata, sparsa v. rosulata. Flores erecti v. penduli, parvi 
majusculi v. ampli, spicati racemosi v. cymosi, nunc speciosi. Corolla? lobi 
astivatione torti. Benth. and H. f. Gen. Plant, i. 659. 

Cotyledon Salzmanni ; radice annua, ramis cymosis glanduloso-hirtis, foliis 
subulato-lanceolatis acutiusculis glandulosis teretibus, sepalis 5 parvis 
acutis hirtellis, corolla calyce plus sextuplo longiore ad tertiam partem 
usque profunde 5-fida, tubo subconico extus hirtello, limbi subpatuli 
lobis ovatis apiculatis mucronulatis flavis apice brunneis et brunneo 
sparse punctatis, stylis et staminibus subaequalibus exsertis. 

Cotyledon (Pistorinia) Salzmanni, Boiss. Voy. in Esp. p. 224, t. 63, Jig. B. 
Walp. Rep. ii. 258. 

A more beautiful rock plant of the kind than this can 
scarcely be imagined. It is literally a mass of brilliant golden 
blossoms, relieved by the red-brown spots at the tips of the 
corolla lobes, which give them the appearance of being forked 
at the apex. The foliage, too, is of a brilliant green trans- 
lucid texture relieved with blood-red streaks. I have referred 
it with some doubt to Boissier's Mogador plant, the dried 
specimens of which are but one and a half inches high, and 
am far from satisfied that it is not a form of C. hispanicum, 

OCTOBER 1st, 1869. 

The Royal Gardens are indebted for this beautiful plant to 
Oh Maw, Esq., who collected it at Tangiers in the early spring 
of the present year, and transmitted it to Kew with many other 
most interesting herbaceous plants : it flowered in the month 
of July. 

Descr. Annual, covered with glandular hairs, tufted. Stem 
stout, inclined, ascending, as thick as a crow-quill, leafy, ex- 
cessively corymbosely branched at the top. Leaves half an 
inch to two-thirds of an inch long, spreading, curved, Yery 
thick and fleshy, terete, obtuse, green, covered with short red 
streaks, tips red-brown. Flowers most abundantly produced, 
shortly pedicelled. Calyx-lobes lanceolate, one-third of an inch 
long. Corolla between funnel- and salver-shaped, golden 
yellow, tube half an inch long, streaked with red, lobes spread- 
ing, ovate, apiculate, golden yellow, with red-brown tips and 
scattered spots. Stamens on the throat of the corolla, ex- 
serted. Hypogynous glands slender, linear, bifid. Carpels very 
slender, with diverging filiform styles. — /. D. H. 

Fig. 1, leaf; 2, flower ; 3, corolla, tube, and stamens; 4, anther ; 5, ovary 
and scales : — all magnified. 



Tab. 5802. 
MORMODES grbenii. 

Mr. Charles Green s Mormodes. 

Nat. Ord. Orchide.e. — Gynandrja Monandria. 

Gen. Char. — Sepalum superius fornicatum angustum; lateralia conformia 
reflexa. Petala sublatiora conformia. Labellum sellseforme, ascendens, 
trilobatum, subcuneatum, apiculatum v. lineare apice dilatato cucullato cum 
columna articulatum. Columna semiteres ; clinandrium postice acumina- 
tum. Pollinia 4, per paria connata, caudiculaj crassa? affixa, glandular 
carnosas crassa* adhajrentia. — Herbm America? tropica! incolai. Pseudobulbar 
oblongo?. Folia elongato-lanceolata, sarpius plicata, membranacea. Flores 
numerosi, in racemos sazpius pendulos disposili, speciosi v. luridi. 

Mormodes Greenii ; pseudobulbis ovoideo-cylindricis subancipitibus, foliis 
subtus glaucis elongato-Janceolatis pedalibus, racemo magno pendulo 
longe pedunculato multifloro, sepalis petalisque suba?qualibuspatentibus 
ovato-oblongis auctis subconcavis extus pallidis intus flavis creberrime 
rubro-maculatis, labello e basi lineari incurro apice in laniinam cucul- 
latam fimbriatam acuminatam dilatato. 

This noble species was flowered by our friend Mr. W.Wilson 
Saunders, F.R.S., from imported bulbs purchased at one of 
Stevens' sales. It seems to differ entirely from any species 
hitherto published, and I have dedicated it to Mr. Charles 
Green, one of the most accomplished and skilful of English 
gardeners, who for many years managed the immense collec- 
tion of herbaceous plants cultivated by the late Mr. Borrer, 
and since then has cultivated with equal skill the very dif- 
ferent and far richer and more varied horticultural collectionsof 
the Macsenas of scientific gardeners, Mr. W. Wilson Saunders, 
of Reigate. The specimen here figured flowered in June, 
1869, and exhaled a powerful aromatic odour. 

Bescr. Pseudo-bulbs broadly fusiform, somewhat two-edged. 
Leaves narrow-lanceolate, one to one and a half feet long, 

NOVEMBER J ST, 18<>9. 

gradually acuminate, dark green above, paler and glaucous 
beneath. Raceme very large, pendulous, many-flowered; 
peduncle one foot long. Flowers horizontal, two and a half 
inches diameter, whitish externally ; perianth lobes ovate, 
subacute, the outer rather smaller, one and a half inches long, 
somewhat concave, inner surface pale yellow, entirely covered 
with oblong dark-red spots. Lip curved upwards, rather 
longer than the perianth-lobes, narrow, gradually dilated 
from a linear fleshy base quarter of an inch broad, to a very 
concave or saccate incurved orbicular mucronate apex, which 
is irregularly "toothed on the margin ; base of lip dark purple, 
rising into two calli ; inner surface yellow with red streaks ; 
outer covered with spots like the perianth segments, except 
on the dilated apex, which is a dirty lilac. Column short, 
green inside, curved, so that the ovate acuminate anther 
comes under the concave apex of the lip. — /. B. K 

Fig. 1, Column and lip: — magnified. 


W. Fitch, del. etlith. 

Vincent Brooks.Day A Son Imp 

Tab. 5803. 
vellozia elegans. 

Natal Vellozia. 

Nat. Ord. Vellozie^e, — Hexandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. ( Vide supra, Tab. 5574.) 

Vellozia elegans ; caule pedali gracili erecto, foliis ensiformibus racemosis 
carinato-complicatis inultinervis acuminatis apices versus cartilagineo- 
serrulatis, scapis 3-5-floris, pedicellis valde elongatis filiformibus, ovario 
3-quetro glaberrimo, perianthii albi foliolis subasqualibus oblongis obtusis 
demum excrescentibus viridibus, staminibus 6 subsessilibus, antheris 
linearibus obtusis, stylo brevi, stigmate oblongo-cylindraceo 6-sulcato 
obtuso, seminibus teretibus elongatis curvis. 

Vellozia elegans, Oliver MSS. ex Balfour in Trans. Bot. Sor. Ed. v. ix. 
pp. 79 and 189. 

Talbotia elegans, Balfour, I. c. 192, name only. 

Our first knowledge of this plant was derived from a spe- 
cimen brought from his garden by the Hon. H. Fox Talbot, 
F.R.S., to the Kew Herbarium, in 1866, and which was raised 
from seed procured either from the Gape or Madagascar, which 
Professor Oliver pronounced to be a Vellozia (identical with 
a Natal plant, Hypoxis barbacenioides, Harv. MSS.), and the 
name V. elegans was proposed for it. 

A specimen, presented by Mr. Fox Talbot to the Edin- 
burgh Botanic Gardens, was next exhibited to the Botanical 
Society of that city by my friend Professor Balfour, as 
Vellozia elegans (see Proc. 33ot. Soc. Edinb., ix. p. 79, Jan. 
1867). At a subsequent meeting (/. c. p. 189, 18th June), 
Dr. Balfour again exhibited this plant as V. Talbofi, or, if it 
should prove a new genus, Talbotia elegans. On a third occa- 
sion (/. c. p. 192, 11th July), he exhibited it as Talbotia 
elegans, without a generic character, or pointing out its 
generic differences from Vellozia. Meanwhile it appears to 
have been overlooked that an African (Madagascar) genus of 

NOVEMBER 1ST, 1869. 

VellozicB had already been described by Commerson, under the 
name of Xeropkyta, and figured in Lamarck's Encyclopaedia, 
t. ccxxv. Commerson's plant agrees with V. elegans in the 
principal character by which I find V. elegans to differ from 
its Brazilian congeners (the cylindric stigma), whilst it differs 
from V. elegans in another character which is common to the 
Brazilian species — viz., the length of the filaments. As, how- 
ever, Xerophyta is reduced by Endlicher to Vettozia, it appears 
clear that Talbotia should go with it, and that Professor 
Oliver's original name of V. elegans should be retained for this 
plant. Another character by which V. elegans differs from the 
Brazilian species, is the terete not angled seeds; but as the 
structure of the seed, testa, raphe, and funicle are otherwise 
identical with those of the only Brazilian species which I have 
examined, this character is unavailable. 

The specimen here figured was communicated from the 
Botanical Gardens of Edinburgh, and flowered in those of 
Kew in May of the present year. 

Descr. Glabrous. Stem rigid, flexuous, six inches high, 
simple, leafy above, below densely covered with the fibrous 
remains of the leaves. Leaves tristichous, recurved, four 
to eight inches long, linear-lanceolate, sharply keeled, acu- 
minate, serrated towards the apex, base sheathing; nerves 
close-set. Peduncle terminal, sheathed at the base, divided 
into three to five slender pedicels two to six inches long. 
Floicer pale lilac in bud, then pure white, one and a quarter 
inches diameter, ebracteate. Perianth segments spreading, 
ovate, subacute, three outer rather smaller ; all enlarging 
and turning green after flowering. Stamens six, erect ; anther 
subsessile, linear, obtuse. Ovary obovoid, triquetrous three- 
celled; ovules many, on two thick placentas in each cell; 
style as long as the stamens ; stigma cylindric, thickened, 
obtuse, six-furrowed. Capsule obovoid, sharply three-angled, 
half an inch long, many-seeded ; septa and walls breaking 
away from the three persistent angles. Seeds narrow, terete, 
curved ; funicle thickened, and raphe conspicuous. — /. J). H. 

Fig. 1, Flower with the perianth removed; fig. 2, stamen ; fig. 3, stigma; 
fig. 4, transverse section of ovary : — all magnified. 




Tab. 5804. 
CALOCHORTUS uniflorus. 

Single-flowered Calochortus. 

Nat. Ord. Liliace^e. — Hexandria Monogtnia. 

Gen. Char. — Perigonium corolliimm, deciduum, hexaphyllum ; foliola ses- 
silia v. subunguiculata, supra basim fovea nectarifera; exteriora minora, 
omnia v. interiora tantum intus barbata. Stamina 6, perigonii foliolis basi 
adhserentia. Ovarium triloculare ; stigmata 3, subsessilia, libera v. basi 
coalita, refiexa, canaliculata ; ovula in loculis plurima, biseriata, horizontalia, 
anatropa. Capsula subgloboso-trigona, trilocularis, septicido-trivalvis, valvis 
demum bifidis. Semina in loculis plurima, subuniseriata, horizontalia, com- 
pressiuseula ; testa fusca, membranacea, laxiuscula, hinc raphe percursa ; 
embryo rectus, teres, excentricus. Herbaj in America boreali occidental*, et 
in terris mexicanis indigenes, bulbosm, simplices. Folia ensiformia vaginan- 
tia Flores speciosi solitarii umbellati p. racemosi, purpurei v. albidi. Endl. 

Calochortus uniflorus ; parvula, folio radicali anguste elongato-lanceolato 
marginibus recurvis, scapo gracili 1-3-fJoro, sepalis anguste oblongis acu- 
minatis, petalis late obovato-cuneatia apice obscure erosis basi barhatis 
et squama nectarifera transversa notatis, antheris cceruleis obtusis, stylo 

Calochortus uniflorus, Hook, and Am. Bot. Beech, p. 398, tab. 94 ; Alphonso 
Wood in Proc. Soc. Nat. Sc. Philadelph. 1868, p. 168. 

Cyclobothra uniflora, Kunth. Envm. v. iv. p. 669. 

For this most lovely little Liliaceous plant, the Royal 
Gardens are indebted to Dr. Bolander, of San Francisco, 
California, an eminent botanical explorer, who sent it under 
the unpublished name of C. lilacinus. It is a native of the 
high plains of Santa Cruz, according to Mr. A. Wood, who 
lias monographed the Oregon and Californian Liliacese in the 
Proceedings of the Philadelphia Academy ; and though called 
uniflorus, the flowers are usually more than two. It flowered 
in the Royal Gardens in June of the present year. 

Descr. Bulb small, ovoid, half an inch Ions - , clothed with 

NOVEMBER 1ST. 1869. 

a thin shining membrane. Radical leaf sheathing at the base ; 
sheath slender ; blade four to six inches long, very narrow-lan- 
ceolate, acuminate, one-fourth to one-third of an inch broad, 
with many slender nerves, margin revolute. Stem or scape five 
to eight inches high, slender, few-leaved, one or more flowered. 
Flowers on slender peduncles, one and a half inches in diameter, 
pinkish white. Sepals narrow oblong, acuminate, one-third 
shorter than the petals, externally veined with pale crimson. 
Petals spreading, obovate-cuneate, membranous, obscurely 
erose, faintly streaked with pink on the back, hairy towards 
the base inside, with a transverse nectariferous scale, and a few 
purple spots. Stamens spreading ; filaments subulate ; anthers 
linear-oblong, obtuse, bluish. Ovary triquetrous ; style short, 
stigmas short obtuse spreading purple. — /. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Flower with perianth removed; fig. 2, sepal; fig. 3, petal-, fig. 4, 
ovary ; fig. 5, the same cut transversely : — all magnified. 


W. Fitch, del etlith 

Ymcent Br oote.Day *Soa,lmp 

Tab. 5805. 
RHODOTYPUS kerrioides. 

Japanese Rhodotypus. 

Nat. Ord. Rosacea. — Icosandbia Digtnia. 

Gen. CUr.-Ca^ r*^^St^SS^ «£ 

foliacei, argute serraf, imbncat i {*'" j^X U m carpella includen, 
ampins, carnosns, in urceolum 4-dentatum intra «™ e ™ £. h 

JLnctns. S^u P^X'4 fi 'r, nU^'tserti sdgmatibns 
late didymo-oblongffi. Laipelia 4, syj* » pisiformes, 


L EnonoTvn-s Kerrioides, «fc -« *» f ■ *► t- 187 ' «■ ~ f* 
Gortenpra, v. XV. p. 180. t. 505, f. 2 and 3. 

A ^elegant J* -J- i-» ^^-g J 

fetM*rt£3y —on; flying m 

April and ripening ^^^ZS^tSS^ 
resembles that o a blackberry ex p rf ^ ^ 

dryness of the drupes « wasm JIaximoviez, 

the Imperial Q^ rf J^3Tt*JU ^ has since 

the emlllen * J f X^ Eu* e by other parties. The plant 
been transmitted to Euro pe n; y a^^KewinMay 

here figured flowered ft the lempei ate 

Dkscb. A /£ 'f ^/known to botanists as attaining three 
to'sixTtt^r Ovation. Brancke. twiggy, , 

NOVEMBER 1ST, 1869. 

buds oblong, covered with scales. Leaves shortly petioled, 
one-and-a-half to two-and a-half inches long, ovate, acumi- 
nate, trebly serrate with glandular teeth, ciliate, glabrous 
above, silky pubescent beneath, nerves very numerous ; sti- 
pules subulate, acute. Flowers terminal, solitary, one-and-a- 
half inches diameter ; peduncles short, much thickened up- 
wards after flowering. Calyx of four broad, ovate, acute, 
serrate green sepals, subtended by as many short, subulate, 
alternating bracts. Petals nearly orbicular, white ; stamens 
very numerous; filaments slender; anthers small, broad. 
Disk forming four silky, fleshy lobes, concealing the carpels. 
Ovary of two to four cohering carpels, with slender styles, 
obtuse stigmas, and two pendulous ovules in each carpel. 
Fruit of two to four single-seeded, subglobose, dry, black, 
shining drupes. Seed pendulous, exalbuminous. — /. D- S. 

Fig. 1, Disk and styles; fig. 2, stamen; fig. 3, bases of carpels; fig. 4 , 
ripe drupe : — all but fig. 4 magnified. 


W fitoh.del.etlith. 


Tab. 5806. 

Naked-scaped Iris. 

Nat. Ord. Ibidem.— Tbiandbia Tbigynia. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 5298.) 

Ibis nudicaulis; robusta, foliis breviusculis late ensiformibus falcatis caule 
nudiusculo brevioribus, floribus pedunculatis, spatha herbacea, pengonu 
lacinis obovato-oblongis subsequalibus exterioribus ungue nmbnato- 
cristatis ceterum glabris, ovario subtereti, stigmatibus 2-fidis segmentis 
dentatis, capsula parva obtuse 3-gona. 

Ibis nudicaulis.— Lamh. Encycl, v. iii. p. 296. Reichb. Ic. Fl. Germ. v. ix. 
p. 4, t. 331. Rcem. and Schultes, v. i. p. 463. 

Ibis, bohemica, Schmidt, Bohem. Cent. v. iv. p. 506. Koch. 

A very handsome, hardy herbaceous plant ; growing in 
sunny places, and forming large tufts. It is a native ot 
Bohemia, Silesia, and it is said of Volhynia in Russia; but L 
have seen no specimen from so far East as the latter locality^ 
It is specifically closely allied to /. Germanica and others o. 
that group; but is sufficiently distinct The Herbarium 
specimens are much taller than the cultivated ones and with 
larger scapes ; but these often elongate much after flowering, 
and greatly exceed the leaves. 

The plant here figured, which flowered in April of the 
present year, has long been cultivated in the Royal Gardens 
under the above name, and I am unaware of its origin. 

Descr. BootstocJcs matted, as thick as the thumb, ringed, 
sending up many flowering and leafing stems Leaves six to 
S inches long, three-quarters to one inch broad, falcate, 
Sr ensiform, acuminate, pale green, ^*^™ 
obscure. Flowering scapes several together from the root, 
Z to ten inches long, two ^ three-flowered compressed 
bracts one and a half to two inches long, herbaceous, with 

NOVEMBEB 1ST, 1869. 

membranous margins, oblong-lanceolate, acuminate. Flowers 
sessile or pedicelled, two and a half to three and a half inches 
across, dark purple. Perianth segments nearly equal, ob- 
ovate-oblong, rounded at the apex ; three outer darker ; claw 
banded with white, and bearing a crest of dense long white 
hairs in the middle ; inner segments with narrower claws, 
less distinctly banded. Stigmas oblong, bifid, segments nar- 
row, triangular, acute, toothed. Capsule small for the size 
of the plant, one to one and a quarter inch long, obtusely 
angled.—/. D. H. 


W Fitdi,del etMi 

Tab. 5807. 

eria vestita. 

Furred Eria. 

Nat. Ord. Orchideje. — Gynandria Monandkia. 

Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 5391.) 

Eria (Trichotosia) vestita ; totu3 villia deciduis dense vestitus, caulibua 
suberectis v. pendulis, foliis coriaceis lanceolatis apice obliquis obtusis 
supra parce subtus densissime villosis, racemis elongatis pendulis 
multifloris flexuosis, bracteis late ovato-rotundatis amplis coriaceis 
persistentibus, floribus capsulisque villosis, sepalis rubro-aurantiacis 
lanceolatis lateralibus in cornu lato obtuso porrecto connatis oblique 
mucronulatis, petalis albis lineari-oblongis obtusis brevionbus glabris, 
labelli trilobi auriculis lateralibus elongatis obtusis segmento terminah 
subrotundato eroso emarginato piloso per axin linea elevata interrupta 
velutina dentibusque paucis aucto, lamellis inter auriculas angustis 

Eria vestite, Lindl. in Bot. Reg. 1844. Misc. 1845, p. 79, tab. 2. Wal P . 
Ann. v. vi. p. 284. 

Dendrobium vestitum, Wall. Cat. n. 2005 (ia part); Lindl. Gen. and Sp. 
Orchid. No. 33. 

This curious orchid is undoubtedly the Eria w^fa figured 
by Liudky iu the Botanical Register for 1845, from Manilla 
specimens flowered by Loddiges, and which specimens are 
nresTved in his Orchideous Herbarium, now at Kew. It is 
STTpart he Dendrobtum vestitum of Walhch who dis- 
tributed along with this plant another which may 
be ^ ~2£ta Eeichb. f, but is more probably different from 

eit ff« S ««was discovered by Wallich, at Sincapore ; Loddiges 
reef Ived it from Manilla, and there are fine specimens in the 
Hookerian Herbarium from, in Southern 
Borneo whence the species seems to have a very wnie range. 

DECEMBER 1ST, 1869. 

The beautiful specimen here figured was imported by W. 
Wilson Saunders, Esq., F.R.S., who flowered it m May ot the 
present year, at Reigate. 

Desce. Wholly covered with soft villous spreading hairs, 
most copious on the inflorescence. Stems tufted usually 
ascending, six to ten inches long, as thick as the little nnger 
at the base, leafy. Leaves lanceolate, acute, spreading and 
recurved, five to seven inches long, one and one-third 
inches to one and two-third inches broad, hairy on both sur- 
faces, many-nerved. Racemes axillary, pendulous five to 
six inches long, many-flowered; rachis zigzag, sheathed with 
short broad imbricate scales at the base ; floral bracts large 
one-half to one inch long, broadly orbicular-ovate, white, with 
a broad blood-red margin. Flowers sessile. Ovary very short. 
Perianth orange-red, curved, an inch long, nearly hall an 
inch diameter. Sepals connate, lanceolate, tips abruptly 
recurved. Spur very broad, obtuse, half as long as the 
sepals. Petals linear-oblong, obtuse, white, their tips 
projecting between the sepals. Lip white, basal portion 
with two long, broad, obtuse auricles ; terminal portion nearly 
as broad, suborbicular, erose ; disk of lip with three to five 
obscure blunt ridges between the auricles, which are continued 
as a villous prominence on to the disk of the basal portion. 
Column broad below, narrowed upwards, very concave m 
front. Anthers small ; pollinia, long, slender.—/. D. H- 

Fig. 1, flower with the sepals removed ; fig. 2, lip ; fig. 3, column and half 
of spur ; fig. 4, front view of column ; fig. 5, pollinia :— all magnified. 




Tab. 5808. 
ANDROSACE pubescens. 

Downy Androsace. 

Nat. Ord. PEIMULACEiE.— Pentandria Monogynia. 

Gen Char.— Calyx quinquefidus v. quinque-dentatus, demum ssepius 
auctus. Corolla infundibuliformis v. hypocraterimorpha, tubo calycem 
vixsuperante ovato, apice contracto; fauce fornicibus brevibus instructs. 
Stamina 5, corolla tubo inserta, ejusdem laciniis opposite, mclusa, fala- 
mentis brevissimis; antber* ovata?. Ovarium unilocular ; placenta basilar! 
globosa, substipitata; stylus filiformis, inclusus, stigmate obtuso v subglo- 
boso; ovulis5 v. indefinitis, peltatim amphitropis. Capsula unilocularis, 
apice v. iuxta totem longitudinem quinquevalvis. Semma 5 v. indefinite, 
placental basilari globose liberse stipitatae inserta, dorso complanato rugulosa, 
ventre convexo umbilicata ; embryo in axi albuminis carnosi rectus, umbi- 
lico parallelus.— Herb* in temperatis et frigidis hemispha>ra! borealis obvice, 
plurimce alpicolm, scepissime cmspitom. Pedunculi solitam v. umbellati. 
Flores parvi, sapissirne albi v. rosei. 

Androsace pubescens; dense csespitosa, caulibus procumbentibus, foliis 
confertif patentibus lineari-oblongis oblongo-obovatisve obtusis pi h. 
sZ ius furcatis pubescentibus ciliatisque, flonbus solitams albis, 
Pedunculi foliis sarins brevioribus sub calyce paulo si crassafcs, 
calycis segmentis ovatis obtusis v. subacutis ciliatis. 

Androsace pubescens, Be. Fl. Franc, v. 3, p. 438. 

Androsace alpina, Gaud. Fl. Helvet. v. 2, p. 107. 

A lovely little alpine, belonging to a genus notoriously 
difficult to keep in cultivation. It is a native of the lofty 
mountains of Dauphiny, the Pyrenees, and Swiss Alps, at 
XvTtions of seven to nine thousand feet, and often occurs 
rr+h7daciers on whose detritus it likes to grow. For 
C^^hTfi^ed I am indebted to Mr. Backhouse, of 
York in whose splendid collection of Alpines it appears to 
flourish Beautiful as this species is, it cannot compare with 
1^2 glacialu of the Tyrolese and Enghedien Alps, which 

DECEMBER 1ST, 1869. 

carpets the rocks with sheets of the most lovely rose-purple, 
and is the choicest of all Alpines known to me. 

Descr. A small, densely -tufted alpine, forming low mossy 
patches six inches broad and upwards, much branched; 
branches one inch long. Leaves crowded, rosulate, one-eighth 
to one-fourth of an inch long, linear-oblong, or oblong-obovate, 
obtuse, ciliate with forked hairs, and more or less pubescent. 
Flowers excessively numerous, solitary at the ends of the 
branchlets ; peduncles short, slightly swollen at the base of 
the calyx, nearly glabrous. Calyx campanulate, five-lobed to 
the middle; lobes ovate, obtuse, ciliate, and slightly pu- 
bescent. Corolla white with a faint yellow eye, one-third of 
an inch in diameter ; tube short, subglobose ; lobes obovate, 
emarginate. Stamens included. Ovary subglobose, stigma 
capitate. — /. D. H. 

Fig. 1, leaf; fig. 2, flower; fig. 3, corolla laid open: fig. 4, calyx; fig. 5, 
ovary : — all magnified. 



Vincent Brooks Day* Son, Imp- 

Tab. 5809. 

Golden-flowered Blandfordia. 

Nat. Ord. Liliaceje.— Hexandria Monogynia. 

Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 5734.) 

Blandfordia aurea ; foliia angustis |-£ poll, latis acute carinatis, mar- 
ginibus scaberulis, scapo gracili paucifloro, bracteis pedicellis multo 
brevioribus setaceo-lanceolatis, perianthio campanulato aureo, segmentis 
S exterioribus apice viridibus. 

Of the beautiful Australian genus Blandfordia, five species 
are now in cultivation, differing chiefly in robustness, in the 
breadth, and smooth, or serrulate margin of the leaf in the 
length of the bracts, form of the inflorescence, and colour ot 
the flower To these must now be added a sixth in the 
present plant, a native of New South Wales, and imported 
bv Messrs. Veitch and Sons, with whom it flowered in July 
of the present year. Specifically, it is very nearly related to 
the original B. nobilis, Br. of Port Jackson and may prove 
to be a variety of it ; but it differs from all our wild spe- 
cimens of that species, in the larger more campanulate 
flower and from the figures in the colour of the flower. The 
BlLdfordias all growfn wet, peaty soil and m hillyparts .of 
l ntrv extending from Tasmania to Queensland, and are 
absenUn the Weftern and Northern half of the Australian 

^Sct Boot of stout fleshy fibres. Leaves numerous, j dis- 
tichous rigid -rass-like, very narrow, linear, eight to twelve 
ncheT 'long one-eighth to one-sixth inch broad, gradually 
narrowed tea very slender point, dark green and deeply chan- 
nel above, paler, striate, and acutely keeled below, margins 

DECEMBER 1ST, 1869. 

scabrid. Scape one foot to one and a-half feet high, very- 
slender, cylindric, with few snbulate lanceolate sessile bracts. 
Flowers three to five, subumbellate, nearly horizontal. Pe- 
dicels one inch and a-half to two inches long, green below, 
yellow above, bracts much shorter than the pedicels, subulate, 
green. Perianth one inch and a-half long, and nearly as 
broad at the mouth, campanulate, slightly contracted above 
the base, bright golden yellow j segments nearly half orbicular, 
obtuse, obscurely three-nerved, bluntly apiculate, the three 
outer tipped with a green spot. Stamens yellow. Ovary 
green, very slender, elongating, and much exceeding the 
perianth long before maturity. — /. D. H. 


W. Fitch, del. etiith 

Tab. 5810. 

Blood-red Gladiolus. 

Nat. Ord. iRIDEiE.— Triandria Monogtnu. 
Gm. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 5427.) 

KWWi foliis e longato-ensiformibu3glaucis,spica 
Gladiolus ententes; scapo bipedan, i oins ei on ^ bovatis emarginatia 

disticba, periantHi late ^panukU^ ^fX S zona pallida notatis, 
sanguineo-coccmeis, lateralibus saturat l0 ^ perianthio aubs- 

tubo gracili spatha acuminata breviore, genitalis periant 
quilongis, stigmatibus gracilibus recurvis. 
Gladiolus cruentus, Moore in Gard. Chron., 1868, p. 1139. 

This very beautiful plant, a native of f^^SSt 
in South AWas flowered byM £ B^*g nursery u 

Chelsea, in September 1863. It ^^^same district of South 

Cardinal!*, which is indigenous m the same ^ strict d 

Africa, but differs in the much ^^™S We 

notched perianth segments. The original p 

hitherto flowered are, we are ^^^^^^ wiU 

to be hybridized, so that m all probability the pure 

soon be lost to cultivators f Gladiolus 

Considerably ^^^^^^61 one hundred 
have been cultivated m Europe mdeea up 

and ten reputed species ^been^ ^ ^P^ 

mens: the greater P^ ^ f J^W establishment 
to cultivation and probably no *°™* M to 

boasts more than **^«^JTJ>* P^ts which 
a^— ^ * the gene- 

DECEMBER 1ST, 1869. 

rality of gardeners of the present day. It is greatly to be 
desired now that such amateurs as are disposed to leave the 
beaten track of ordinary greenhouse and stove culture, 
should take up the culture of these and similar tribes, which 
would well repay all their care, and advance our knowledge 
of some of the most interesting and beautiful of our Colonial 

Descr. Scape two feet to three feet high, stout and erect. 
Leaves bifarious, one to one and a half feet long, three- 
fourths of an inch to one inch broad, linear- ensiform, 
gradually acuminate, dark green and glaucous. Spike dis- 
tichous, six inches to ten inches long, rather dense-flowered. 
Bracts narrow-lanceolate, the lowest six inches long, upper 
gradually shorter, all green and herbaceous, much exceeding 
the perianth-tube. Flowers four inches in diameter, broadly 
campanulate, brilliant scarlet, yellow-white and speckled 
with red at the very base of the limb. Perianth-tube one 
and a-half inch long, white externally ; segments obovate, 
all nearly similar in shape, but the lower three one-third 
smaller than the upper, all obtuse and rounded at the tip, 
with a distmct notch, and a prominent point in the sinus ; 
the two lower lateral darker than the others, with a trans- 
verse pale band spotted with red about the middle, and a 
white lanceolate stripe running from it towards the tip. 
Moments and style scarlet, anthers narrow, two-thirds of an 
inch long, red-purple; stigmas slender, recurved — /. D. H. 


W Fitch, del. et Mi. 


Tab. 5811. 
VANDA Denisoniana. 

Lord Londesborougli s Vanda. 

Nat. Ord. Okchide*.— Gynandria Monandria. 

Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 4432.] 

Vanda Denisoniana ; foliis lorato-ligulatis ff^^Z^^- 
valido plurifloro, floribus ^^ ^^SS^ abrupte 
ralibus late ovatis subacutis, petahs m iammam P se <r me nto 

dilatatis, labelli auriculis subquadraUs, lamm [V^^ se § 
terminali 2-lobo, lobis subrotundatis divancatrs, aui^ ^J^ brevi 
approximatis quinis obtusis, callo parvo emargmato, calcare comco 
intus velutino. __ 10(!n „ r 9 o 

Vanda Denisoniana; Benson and Reichenb. f. in Gard. Chron. 1869, p. 528. 

This is another of Colonel Benson's remarkable dis- 
lhis is anotner oi and flowered by 

covenes, communicated to Messrs. v , f tfc 

them in April of the present year. It » ajiati 
same localities as W*»' ^S'and^d^ 
Arracan mountains . g™^£ ^$Z«) ^ffiLlt, 
on large trees and 1S (accoramg (Tab> 

when out of flowei ***^£S^ indeed, justly 
Nost. 56ll). V V i • ; n munv ooints of structure, 
compares it with T. Benson^ in >W£™» and two-lobed 
though differing so remarkably in the b.ea at he 

Jj ps of the ta^jmfl- ^^^Uers to Lad ? 

S^ffiTflXto ^*^. tailV Professor 
Eeichenbach is a happy one. st)ecirae n I have seen. 

DECEMBER 1ST, 1869. 

three-fourths inch broad, rigid, recurved, deeply bifid at the 
tip; lobes unequal, subacute, nearly straight, dull green, 
shining. Raceme five inches long, ascending, five to six 
flowered. Flowers two inches diameter, pure white, with a 
few orange markings at the base of the lip. Perianth seg- 
ments of nearly equal length, with the lip longer, somewhat 
reflexed. Dorsal sepal oblong, spathulate, two lateral much 
broader, obliquely ovate, subacute. Petals spathulate. Lip 
with a two-lobed base, the lobes auricled ; callus quadrate, 
small, two-lobed, with a semi-lunate yellow band, with orange 
ciliate edges behind it ; lamina of the lip nearly as broad as 
the base, contracted in the middle, with two short diverging 
terminal lobes, and five ridges on the disk. Spur short, 
obtuse, velvety inside. Column short, stout, obtuse. — /. D.H. 

Fig. 1, Lip. — magnified. 

. 5812. '■■ 

W. Rich, del. etlith. 


Tab. 5812. 
ALOE (gasteria) Croucheri. 

Mr. Crouchers Gasteria. 

Nat. Ord. Asphodeleje. — Hexandria Monogtnia. 

Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 5210.) 

Aloe (Gasteria) Croucheri; acaulis, foliis patulis elongato-lingulatis mu- 
cronatis insequilateraliter trigonis angulis albo-maculatis cartilagineis 
denticulatis, supra concavis subtus oblique convexis lsevibus maculis 
ovalibus albis ssepe ocellatis notatis, racemis elongatis late paniculatis 
multifloris, perianthiis elongatis teretibus curvis medio leviter contractis 
roseis superne albis viridi striatis, segmentis parvis rotundatia erosis. 

This, the handsomest Gasteria of the kind that has hitherto 
flowered atKew,is named after the intelligent foreman of the 
propagating department, Mr. Croucher, under whose care the 
succulent plants of the Boyal Garden are placed, and to whose 
zeal and especial love for this class of plants the collection 
owes much of its value and interest. It is closely allied to 
A. candicans, Haworth ; but besides differing in colouring 
of the foliage, in the copiously branched, dense-flowered in- 
florescence, in the much larger flowers with the tube yentri- 
cose and white with green stripes above the middle, it win 
every way a handsomer species. In many respects it resembles 
even more closely the A. acinacifolia, Jacq. (Tab. Nost. 2369), 
but that has more attenuated leaves, and the supplementary 
keel of the leaf, which is on the right-hand side of the upper 
surface of the leaf, in A. acinacifolia, is on the left in A. 
Croucheri (on the right in the plate, owing to an oversight m 
not reversing the drawing when it was transferred to the 

S Thave followed the usual practice in regarding Gasteria as 
a division of Aloe, but I suspect that it will prove to be as 

DECEMBER 1ST, 1869. 

good a genus, both in Habit and floral characters as most of 

JjXllCLCBCBr • • 

Aloe Croucheri has been long cultivated at Kew ; its origin 

is unknown. . ,, 

Descr. Stemless. Leaves numerous, spreading in all 
directions and recurved, forming a dense rosette, one loot 
long by three inches to three and a half inches broad at the 
base, gradually narrowed upwards to a suddenly rounded 
tip terminating in a hooked mucro, three-fourths of an inch 
to one inch in thickness; surface smooth, dark green, 
covered with oblong whitish spots, which have often a green 
eye, upper surface broadly channelled, with the supplemen- 
tary keel on the left (to the right in the plate by an error), 
margins cartilaginous, spotted with white, minutely toothed. 
Scape including the panicle two feet to two and a half feet 
high, much branched above. Racemes numerous, eight to 
ten inches long, curving upwards ; bracts setaceous. _ Flowers 
very numerous, pendulous, two inches long, pedicels one 
half inch long, Perianth tubular, cylindric, slightly curved 
terete, somewhat contracted in the middle, slightly inflated 
above and below it ; lower half pale rose-coloured ; upper halt 
white, with green veins running downwards from each of the 
short broad erose perianth segments. Stamens yellow, 
slightly exserted. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Reduced sketch of plant ; fig. 2, portion of leaf, and fig. 3, portion 
of a raceme, both of nat. size ; — fig. 4, flower ; fig. 5, ovary ; — both magnified. 


In which the Latin Names of the Plants contained in the 
Twenty-fifth Volume of the Third Series (or Ninety- 
fifth Volume of the Work) are alphabetically arranged. 


5793 Acer rufinerve ; var. albo-lim- 

5798 iErides Japonicum. 

5760 Aglaonema Mannii. 
5764 Allamanda nobilis. 

5812 Aloe (Gasteria) Croucheri. 

5761 Amomum sceptrum. 

5808 Androsace pubescens. 
5789 Aphelandra acutifolia. 

5769 Azalea linearifolia. 

5800 Bignonia purpurea. 

5809 Blandfordia aurea. 

5748 Brassia Lawrenciana ; var. lon- 

5772 Calceolaria Henrici. 
5804 Calochortus uniflorus. 
5755 Camptopus Mannii. 

5762 Caryota Cumingii. 

5775 Cereus lividus. 

5792 Ceropegia Sander soni. 

5757 Cobaea penduliflora. 

5753 Coelogyne (Pleione) Eeichen- 

5774 Cordia glabra. 

5801 Cotyledon Salzmanni. 

5776 Crocus orphanidis. 

5770 Crotalaria Cunningharaii. 

5758 Cyclamen Africanum. 
5791 Cypripedium Parishii. 

5754 Delostoraa dentatum. 
5766 Dendrobium erassinode. 
5780 Dendrobium densiflorum ; var. 

5783 Dipladenia Boliviensis. 
5795 Dorstenia argentata. 



Drosophyllum Lusitanicum. 
Erantliemum Andersoni 
Eria vestita. 

Geonoma Ghiesbrccbtiana. 
Gladiolus cruentus. 
Griffinia dryades. 
Iberidella rotundifolia. 
Iris nudicaulis. 
Iris stylosa. 
Kfempferia Parishii. 
Mackaya bella. 
Moraea bulbifera. 
Mormodes Greenii. 
Myrcia amplexicaulis. 
Nertera depressa. 
Odontoglossum Krameri. 
Oncidium xanthodon. 
Palava flexuosa. 
Pelargonium Schottii. 
Phaleria laurifolia. 
Plumeria lutea. 
Primula Pedemontana. 
Pterodiscus luridus. 
Rhodotypus Kerrioides. 
Richardia melanoleuca. 
Saccolabium bigibbum. 
Stapelia Hystrix. 
Steriphoma paradoxurn. 
Tacsonia eriantha. 
Thibaudia acuminata. 
Vaceinium retlexum. 
Vanda Denisoniana. 
Vanda insignis. 
Vellozia elegans. 


In which the English Names of the Plants contained in the 
Twenty-fifth Volume of the Third Series (or Ninety- 
fifth volume of the Work), are alphabetically arranged. 




./Erides, Japanese. 



Aglaonema, Mr. Mann's. 



Allamanda, noble. 



Androsace, downy. 



Aphelandra, sharp-leaved. 



Azalea, slender-leaved. 



Bignonia, purple. 



Blandfordia, golden-flowered. 


Erassia, Mr. Lawrence's; long- 


d variety. 



Calceolaria, Mr. Anderson 





Calochortus, single-flowered. 



Camptopus, West African. 



Cereus, livid. 


Ceropegia, Mr. Sanderson's. 



a, pendulous-flowered. 



Cordis, smooth leaved. 



Cotyledon, Salzmann's. 



Crocus, Prof. Orphanides*. 



laria,Allan Cunningham's 



Cyclamen, Algerian. 


575!- Delostoma, tooth-leaved. 





and pellow variety. 



Dendrobe, thick-knotted. 



Dipladenia, Bolivian. 



Dorstenia, silver-leaved. 



Eranthemum, Dr. Anderson's. 



Eria, furred. 

5s 11 


Gasteria, Mr. ( Voucher's. 



Geonoma, Ghiesbrecht'a. 



Gladiolus, blood-red. 

5 7. si 


t of Paradise, sceptrate. 

5 7 G 2 

Griffinia, wood. 

Iberidella, round-leaved. 
Iris, long-styled. 
Iris, naked-scaped. 
Kamipferia, Mr. Parish's. 
Lady's Slipper, Rev. Mr .Parish's 
Mackaya, Natal. 
Maple, red-nerved, white-bor- 
dered variety. 
Morsea, bulbous. 
Mormodes, Mr. Charles Green's. 
Myrcia, amplexicaul- leaved. 
Nertera, depi*essed. 
Odontoglot, Kramer's. 
Oncidium, golden-toothed. 
Palava, flexuous-stemmed. 
Pelargonium, Dr. Schott's. 
Phaleria, laurel -leaved. 
Pleione, Dr. Eeiehenbach's. 
Plumcria, yellow-flowered. 
Primrose, Piedmontese. 
Pterodiscus, lurid-flowered. 
Rhodotypus, Japan 
Richardia, black-throated. 
Saccolabe, orange-flowered. 
Stapelia, bristly-flowered. 
Steriphoma, paradoxical. 
Sundew, Portuguese yellow. 
Tacsonia, woolly-flowered. 
Thibaudia, sharp-leaved. 
Yanda, Lord Londesborough s. 
Vanda, noble. 
Vellozia, Natal. 
Wine-Palm, Mr. Cumini