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Full text of "Curtis's botanical magazine."

CURTIS'S 

BOTANICAL MAGAZINE, 

«<*•■■»•' COMPRISING THE 

Pants of tf)t &ogal Gartens of Eefo 



OF OTHER BOTANICAL ESTABLISHMENTS EN GREAT BRITAIN; 
WITH SUITABLE DESCRIPTIONS ; 

BY 

JOSEPH DALTON HOOKER, M.D., F.R.S. L.S. & G.S, 

D.C.L. OXOX., LL.D. CANTAB., CORRESPONDENT OF THE INSTITUTE OF FRANCE. 

VOL. XXVI 

OF THE THIRD SERIES: 
(Or Vol. XCVI. of the Whole Work.) 



. - . 




.Karth's rainbow, bom of sun ainl - 
And thanks tor eyes and mind, that we 
Their glory feel— their beauty see. 
Thanks for monitions by the flowers, 
That Faith, Content, and Trust be ours .— 
The gorgeous trappings of our pride 
Pale by the simple flowers' side. 

L.N. 



LONDON : 

L. REEVE & CO., 5, HENRIETTA STREET, COVENT GARDEN. 

1870. 



Mo. F 



1S97. 



LOMDOK : 
SAVlLL, EDWARDS AND U'J., FR1OTSB3, CUASDOS STREET, COVEST GABDW. 



TO THE 

KEV, C. PABISH, M.A., 

OF MOULMEIN. 

Mi dear Mr. Parish, 

Pray accept the dedication of the 96th Volume of the 
"Botanical Magazine" in the spirit which has prompted it: a 
desire, namely, to record my sense of the value of your Botanical 
discoveries, especially of Orchids, in the Eastern Peninsula of India; 
and of your many contributions to the collections at Kew, of whose 
beauty and interest the plates of the "Botanical Magazine" afford 
abundant evidence. 

Believe me ever. 

Very sincerely yours, 

JOS. D. HOOKER. 

Royal Gardens, Ke^, 
Dec. 1, 1870. 



5813. 




W Pitd 



Vincent Brooks. Day <£San ; Imp 



Tab. 5813. 
dahlia imperialis. 

Imperial Dahlia. 



Nat. Ord. Composite — Stnoehesja Scperflua. 



Gen. Char. — Capitulum radiatum, fl. radii ligulatis foemiueis neutrisve, 
disci tubulosis 5 dentatis. Involucntm duplex, exterius squamis foliaceis 1- 
serialibus circa 5 patulis retlexisve ; interius squamis subbiserialibus basi 
inter se coalitis. Receptaculum planum, paleaceum, paleis membranaceis 
oblongis indivisis. Styli rami erecti aut subincurvi, crassi, extus piliferi. 
Anthera ecaudate, appendiculatse. Achccnium oblongo-obovatum, obcom- 
pressum, epapposum, apice obsolete bicorne. Herbae Mexicanae grandes. 
Folia opposite, /nioiatipartita, rarius bipinnatipartita, segmentis ovatis acutis 
serratis. Radices fasciculate!, a/iis n/lindricis, aliis oblongo-tuberculatis. 
Rami apice dongaU, nudi, 1-cephaU. C'apitula versicolora, disco nempe luteo, 
radio purpureo roseo albo autjlaco. — D. C. Prod. 



Dahlia imperial is ; caule elato 4-6-gono nodoso, ramis brachiatia inter - 
nodiis subtomentosia, foliis amplis 2-3-pinnatisectis, foliolis ovatis 
acuininatis serratis sparse pilosis, petiolo basi dilatato cymbiformi, 
cvmis ad apices ramulorum 3-chotome ramosis, capitulis 3-nis longe 
pedioellatie nutantilnis maximis, involucri squamis exterioribus 5 her- 
bae. is oblongo-spathtllatifl obtusis, interioribus lineari- oblongis obtusis 
pellucidis, ligulis foemiueis ianceolatis acuminatis albis roseo-tinctis. 
Dahlia imperialis, JRoezl. ex Ortgies in Regel Gartenjlora, v. xii. p. 243, t. 
407-408 (1863). 



For our first knowledge of this most magnificent plant we 
were indebted to an article and drawing contributed to 
Kegel's Gartenflora, by M. E. Ortgies, of the Zurich Botanic 
Garden ; where, however, the specimen described and figured 
is literally not one-third the size of that here given, and 
very inferior in beauty; the flowers being in the German 
plate only two and a half inches in diameter, and of a pure 
white, whilst ours are seven inches in diameter, tinged with 
faint lilac and streaked with blood-red at the base. This in- 
crease of size cannot, as might be suspected, be due to, or ac- 

JANUARV 1st, 18 70. 



companied by, a loss of fertility, for M. Ortgies describes the 
ray flowers as neuter, whereas those of our specimens have 
fully-formed achenes, and short 2-fid styles sunk in the 
corolla tube. 

Beyond its being a native of Mexico, nothing is known of 
the locality or conditions in which it grows wild. Its tubers 
were sent from that country to the Zurich Garden in 1862, 
and being planted out the stems attained a height of seven feet; 
these formed buds in October, and on removal to a conservatory 
the plants bloomed imperfectly. More recently, under good 
culture, D. imperialis attains a height of twelve to eighteen 
feet, forming a knotted, erect, straight trunk, naked below, 
and bearing above a pyramid of foliage and flowers. Flower- 
ing at so late a season, when protection is necessary, there 
are few establishments that can afford to grow and bloom so 
gigantic a plant, in its natural state, but Messrs. Salters, of 
Versailles Nurseries, Hammersmith, having successfully 
grafted a plant on the root of a dwarf Dahlia, believe, that by 
this means not only may plants of convenient size be ob- 
tained, but that it may be induced to flower earlier, and thus 
become an outdoor plant in this climate. Mr. Fitch informs 
me that Mr. Salter's plants form a pyramid of six to eight 
feet high from the ground, and bloom luxuriantly.—/. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Entire plant, reduced; 2, portions of leaf, and 3, of infloresence; 
4, base of ray-flower, and 5, achene of ditto, all ofnat. size; 6, disk flower; 
7, stamen, and 8, style-arm of ditto : — all magnified. 



5814. 







Tab. 5814. 
JERDONIA Indica. 

Indian Jerdonia. 



Nat. Ord. DlDYMOCAEPE^E. DlDYNAMIA AnGIOSPERMIA. 

^ 

Gen. Char. — Calyx 5-partitus, lobia oblongo-lanceolatis. Corolla infun- 
dibuliformis, tubo curvo ultra medium oblique ventricoso ; labio superiore 
bifido lobis emarginatis, inferiore trilobo lobis obtusis. Stamina 4, medio 
tubo inserta, omnia fertilia, filamentis curvis dilatatis ; antherae biloculares 
supra stigma cohaerentes, loculis didymis. Ovarium disco cupulari imposi- 
tum ; stylus breviusculus, stigmate peltato ; ovula numerosa, placentis 2 
parietalibus bifidis inserta. Capsula ovoidea, polysperma. Semina sub- 
globosa, testa foveolata. Herba parva, scapigera, pubescens. Folia petiolata, 
cordata, integerrima. Scapi numerosi, l~2-Jlori ; fiores pallide lilacini. 



Jerdonia Indica. 

Jerdonia Indica; Wight, Ic. PL Ind. Or. t. 1352, 77/. gen. v. ii. t. 159 



A very curious little plant, discovered on the western slopes 
of the Neilgherrie Mountains, by Dr. Wight, and of which 
seeds were sent last year to the Royal Gardens, by Major 
Beddome, Conservator of Madras Forests, which flowered in 
October of the present year. The genus was named Jerdonia, 
in honour of the eminent ornithologist, Surgeon-Major T. C. 
Jerdon, F.L.S., of the Indian army ; it is a stove plant, inte- 
resting in a horticultural point of view, from its pretty foliage 
and numerous pale lilac flowers, streaked with blood-red. 
Botanically it differs remarkably from its congeners in the 
curious dilated filaments and plaeentation. I have seen 
young capsules only, arid with immature seeds, these are in- 
serted on parietal placentas, that do not project far into the 
axis of the ovary like those of other Didymocarpe<i>. Dr. 
Wight states that it flowers in March and April, but his 
dried flowering specimens were gathered in September and 
October, at which time the new plants also flowered. 

Descr. Rootstock, two to three inches long, creeping, 

JANUARY" 1ST, 1870. 



woody, knotted, branched at the top. Stem very short. Leaves 
opposite, very crowded, spreading horizontally, one to two inches 
long, cordate, obtuse, quite entire, slightly pubescent above 
veins below margins and petioles ciliatewith red hairs- upper 
surface very dark green, blotched with pale green alon/the 
mid-rib and principal veins ; petiole one half to two inches long 
bcapes axillary, numerous, erect, slender, green, one to three- 
flowered, naked, or with minute subulate bracts at the 
pedicels or below it. Flowers three-quarters of an inch lon^ 
horizontal; pedicels short. Calyx-lobes one quarter of an 
inch long subulate-lanceolate, green, hairy. Corolla slightly 
pubescent pale lilac ; tube funnel-shaped, suddenly in- 
Hated at the middle, gibbous above and below, streaked with 
crimson veins j upper lip with two short notched lobes ; 
lower lip with three longer rounded lobes. Stamens four ; 
nlaments very broad, membranous, ciliate; the lower pair 
with a broad obtuse lobe produced below the insertion; 
upper pair hooded at the top; anthers small, didvmous co- 
hering over the stigma. Ovary seated in a cup-shaped disk, 
narrowed into a , short style ; stigma peltate ; ovules nnm* 
rous, on two parietal bifid placentas. Capsule ovoid. Seeds 
many, small ; testa deeply pitted.—/. D. If. 



Fig. 1, Corolla laid open; 2, stamens; 3, calyx- 4 ovary and disk- 5 
transverse section of ditto :— all magnified. * ' ' } dnddlsk > 5, 



5815. 




W.FitcKdel.etlith 



VincentBrooksJDay&Son.Imp. 



Tab. 5815. 
PHALJRNOPSIS Pamshii. 

The Rev. C. H. Parish's Phalamopsis. 



Nat. Ord. Orchide^e. — Gynandria Monandria. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 5351.) 



Phaljenopsis Panshii; foliis 2-4-pollicaribus oblongis acutis concoloribus 
racemo brevissime pedunculate 6-10-floro, sepalis albis obtusis v' 
subacutis supenore oblongo lateralibus late ovatis, petalis albis spathu- 
lato-oblongis, labello breviter unguiculato lobis lateralibus parvis corni- 
culatis flavis termmali amplo albo purpureo tincto late deltoideo acuto 
angulis lateralibus aunculatis disco callo basi serailunari extus fimbriato- 
lacero et appendice anteposita elongata in lacinulas filiformes fissa 
instructo. 

pHAL^NOPSis^Parkhn,^^./. in Gard. Chron. 1865, p. 410; Xen. Orchid., 



A lovely little plant, discovered by Mr. Parish in the 
Birmese forests, in 1864, and sent by him to Messrs. Low 
of Clapton, as well as to the Royal Gardens at Kew. It was 
first described by Professor Eeichenbach in 1865 from 
specimens flowered both at Mr. Dawson's and Day's, at 
about the same time. The specimen here figured bloomed 
at Kew mMay, 1868, and was received from Colonel Benson 
m the previous year. 

Descr. Roots stout, widely spreading. Stem very short 
almost none. Leaves distichous, oblong-lanceolate, acute' 
deep green, two to four inches long. Racemes several, ses- 
sile, as long as, or shorter than the leaves, six to ten 
flowered. Flowers rather crowded ; bracts minute subulate ■ 
pedicel and ovary, one inch long, white. Perianth two-thirds 
of an inch diameter, spreading. Sepals white, dorsal oblong 
subacute; lateral larger, broadly ovate. Petals obovate- 
spathulate, white, obtuse, as long as the upper sepal. Lip 
with a short claw, bent at right angles to the limb ; lateral 
lobes small, horn-like, yellow with purple blotches; terminal 

JANUARY I.ST, 187C 



lobe red-purple, with often a white disk, very broadly tri- 
angular, acute, angles auricled ; disk with a semilunar callus, 
the outer margin of which is broken up into a fimbriate 
crest ; at the base of the disk is a linear appendage project- 
ing forwards, divided to near the base into four slender 
filaments, almost as long as the terminal lobe. — J. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Column and lip ; 2, part view of ditto ; 3, pollinia : — all magnified. 



5816. 









W. Fitch, del. etlith 



Vincent Brooks Day&Son.lmP 



Tab. 5816. 
ANTIGONON leptopus. 

Slender-stemmed Antigonon. 



Nat. Ord. POLTGONE.!. MONADELPHIA OcTANDRIA. 



Gen. Char. Sepala 5, colorata ; 3 exteriora late cordata v. ovata ; 2 
interiora oblonga. Stamina 8, sequalia, filamentis subulatis inferne in 
cupulam subcarnosam calycis fundo insertam connatis ; antherae oblongae 
utrinque emarginatte. Ovarium trigonum; styli 3, inferne connati, recurvi, 
stigmatibus capitato-reniformibus ; ovulum demum erectum, micropyle 
infera. Achcenium calyce aucto emarcido semiaperto inclusum, ovoideo- 
triquetrum, 1-loculare, pericarpio tenui intus Isevissimo. Semen basilare, 
erectum, pyramidatmn, albumen, farinosum sinuato-lobatum ruminatnm ; 
embryo antitropus, radiculu supcra. Suffrutices Mexicani scandentes, ramis 
angulatis. Folia alterna, petioluta, herbacea, cordata, integerrima ; petiolis 
basi amplexicaulibus ; ochreis oppositifoliis, obsoletis, squamiformibus. lia- 
cemi oppositifolii, solitarii, simplices, aphylli, apice cirrhosi ; fasciculis pauci- 
Jloris, bracted squamiformi fultis, pedicellis capillaribus articulatis. — Meissxei:. 



Antigonon leptopus ; foliis ovatis ovato-hastatisve acuminatis profunde 
cordatis in petiolum haud productis subtus ramisque tomentoais vel 
demum glabratis racemis folio vix longioribus. 

Antigonon leptopus, Hook, and Am. Bot. Beech., p. 308, t. 69 ; Benth. Bot. 
Sulphur, pp. 47 and 16 0; Meissn. in D.C. Prod. v. xiv. pt. 1, p. 184. 



In some parts of America and the West Indies this is 
known as one of the most beautiful ornamental climbers, 
rivalling Bougainvillea in the abundance and colour of its 
blossoms, and yet, strange to say, it has been only of late 
introduced into Europe. It is a native of Mexico, and we 
have also specimens from New California, Guatemala, Jamaica, 
and New Grenada, but no doubt it is only cultivated in some 
or all of these localities. The plant here figured was raised 
from seed sent from Honolulu, in the Sandwich Islands, by 
our excellent correspondent, Br. Hillebrand, which flowered 
in October of the present year. 

Descr. A tall, slender climber, glabrous or with young 

JANUARY 1ST, 1870. 



shoots pubescent. Leaves three to five inches long, hastate- 
ovate, or ovate-cordate, deeply lobed at the base, membranous, 
reticulated ; petioles half an inch to one and a half inches' 
long. Racemes axillary and terminal ; peduncles running out 
into very slender branched hooked tendrils ; bracts subulate ; 
pedicels slender, half an inch long. Sepals half an inch long, 
bright rose ; outer cordate, acute, margins reflexed ; inner 
much smaller, oblong, acute. Staminal tube with, a triangular 
tooth between the bases of the filaments ; filaments pubescent, 
three longer than the rest. Ovary ovoid; styles three, 
stigmas reniform.-— /. D. ff. 



Fig. 1 Flower and pedicel; 2, staminal column; 3, the same laid open, 
snowing the ovary ; 4 } transverse section of young fruit ;— <dl magnified. 




"WTitakdeleUith. 



■feicemtBroQksIlajr& Scai Jmp 



' Tab. 5817. 

CUCUMIS ANGURIA. 

West Indian Gherkin. 



Nat. Ord. CucurbitacejE. — Moncecia Trundkia. 



Gen. Char. — Florcs monceci, rarius dioeci. Masc. solitarii vel fasciculati. 
Cali/cis tubus brevis; lobi subulati. Corolla campanulata, profdnde 5-loba, 
lobi acuti. Filamenta brevia, libera, intra calycis tubum inserta ; anthera: 
oblonga;, una 1-locularis, duce 2-loculares, loculi flexuosi raro recti vel curvi, 
connectivo producto apice papilloso. Ovarii rudimentum glandulosum. 
Fl. fam. solitarii. Staminodia v. subulata v. ad glandulas reducta. Ovarium 
ovoideum v. globosum ; stylus brevis, stigmatibus S, sessilibus obtuaie; 
ovula numerosa, placentis 3 vel 5 inserta. Fructua subglobosus, cylindricus, 
v. trigonus, larvis tuberculatus v. spinosus, interdum trivalvis. Semina nume- 
rosa, oblonga, compressa. — Herba; annua; vel radice perennante, prostrates v. 
scandentes, hispidm v. scabridce. Folia intcgerrima lobata palmata v. pedata. 
Cirrhi simplices, interdum breves et spinescentes. Flores parvi, plerumque 
Jlavi. 



CucUMis Anguria ; flagellis angulatis asperis, foliis subtus villoso-hispidulis 
profunde 5-lobis, lobis interdum sed potissimum intermedio lobulatis, 
omnibus obtusis sinubus rotundatis, fioribus femineis longe pedunculatis, 
ovario muricato, peponibus ovoideis aculeolatis pulpaacidula aut insipida 
non autem amara. Naad. 

Cucumis Anguria, Linn. Sp. PL p. 1446. Naudin, in Ann. Sc. Nut., Ser. 4, 

vol. xi. p. 11, and vol. xii. p. 108. 
Cucrais ecliinatus, Mamch, Method., p. 054. 
Cucumis angurioides, Ram. Synops. Cue p. 79. 



This, the plant which produces the fruit long and well known 
in commerce as a principal ingredient in West Indian pickles, 
is much, less well known than might he supposed, and its 
history even at the present time is ohscure. Though a re- 
puted native of the Antilles, it is known there, I believe, in 
cultivation only, and being the only species of the large 
genus to which it belongs, which has hitherto been regarded as 
a native of the New World, its claims to being really indigenous 
are, as Monsieur Naudin hints, very suspicious. For my own 

JANUARY 1ST, 1870. 



part, after a careful study of many African species of Cucumis, 
I am strongly disposed to regard C. Angaria as a cultivated 
annual state of some one of them, and originally brought by 
the Negroes from Africa, though so altered by cultivation 
that it may not be possible to say of which. It clearly 
belongs to the group including the bitter perennial C. pro- 
phetarum, L., which inhabits the drier parts of Africa and 
Arabia, and is conspicuous for its scabridity and its ashy 
white hispid pubescence ; but which in moister parts of 
Africa is represented by the perennial C. Figarii, which is 
green, and of which the foliage and fruit are very similar 
indeed to those of C. Anguria ; all these have ovoid hemes 
covered with soft spines and striped with white, and their 
floral characters are identical. 

The specimen here drawn flowered at the Horticultural 
Society's Garden at Chiswick, in August of the present year, 
and the fruit ripened in November. There is an excellent 
description of it by Naudin in the Annates des Sciences Na- 
turelles, where it is stated to be abundantly cultivated in 
New Grenada, and latterly in Algeria. M. Naudin ably dis- 
cusses the affinities of C. Anguria, but pronounces against its 
possible identity with C. Figarii or C. prophetarum. — 
/. JD. H. 



5818. 







Vincent "Brooks.Day &Son.ImP 



Tab. 5818. 
MONOLENA primui^eflora. 

Primrose-flowered Monolena. 



Nat. Ord. Melastomace^e. — Decandria Monogynia. 



Gen. Char. — Calycis glabri tubus turbinatus, 3-gonus ; lobi 5, ovati, obtusi, 
membranacei. Petala 5, elongata, obovato-spathulata, obtusa. Sta- 
mina 10, alterna paulo minora ; anthera; lineari-oblongfe, obtusee, 
1-porosse, connectivo basi producto infra loculos geniculate, antice in 
appendicem adscendentem subspathulatam obtusam producto, postice 
supra insertionem filamenti tuberculato ; minorum connectivo brevius 
producto. Ovarium calyci adhserens, 3-quetrum, vertice late ex sculp- 
tum; stylus incrassatus, apice filiformis, stigmate obtuso. Capsula 
late depresso 3-gona, 3-valvis, valvis suberosis latissimis, vertice basi 
styli oblongo 3-lobo persistente coronata, loculis parvis. Semina 
obovoideo-pyramidata, hilo basilari. — Herbse carnosulw, aeaules, glabra;, 
rhizomate crasso. Folia longe petiolata, oblonga cordata v. orbiculata, 
integerrima v. denticulata. Scapi graciles. Flores ampli, in cymam 
scorpioideam dispositi, breviter pedicellati, carnei. 



Monolena primulceflora ; glaberrima, rhizomate crasso tuberoso, foliis petio- 
latis late ellipticis acuminatis coriaceis obscure sinuato-dentatis ciliatis 
3-5-plinerviis, supra lsete viridibus, subtus petiolisque rubro-purpureis, 
pedunculis ex apice rhizomatis numerosis petiolo subaequilongis 2-3 
floris, calycis tubo globoso lobis insequalibus rotundatis, petalis roseis 
basi albis. 

Bertolonia primulasflora. Hart. 



This remarkably beautiful stove-plant was introduced by 
Mr. Bull, F.L.S., from New Granada, and a flowering 
specimen was presented by him to the Eoyal Gardens, Kew, 
in November 1869, from which the accompanying drawing 
was made. It appears to flower very freely, and whether for 
the number and delicate tints of the flowers, or the brilliancy 
of the green upper- and purple under-surface of the leaves 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1870. 



and petioles, it certainly may take rank with the best plants 
of its class. 

There is a very similar, and probably identical plant in 
the Hookerian Herbarium, collected by Lechler in Peru, and 
also in woods about Monterico, at an elevation of three to 
four thousand feet, by Pearce, who describes the leaves as 
fleshy, subacid, and astringent. Lechler's plant is labelled 
Monolena Sprucei, by Triana, but that name being unpublished, 
I have adopted that of primulcefiora, which has been already 
applied to it. 

Descr. Eootstoch crowded, as large as a hazel nut, scarred. 
Leaves, four to six inches long, elliptic, acuminate, three- to 
five-nerved from above the base, margins sinuate-toothed, 
ciliate, upper surface bright glossy green, lower and petiole 
red-purple. Peduncles variable in length, two to three flowered. 
Flowers, one inch diameter, deep bright pink, with a white eye 
and yellow anthers ; bracts orbicular ; pedicles very short. 
Calyx tube bluntly trigonous, globose, lobes short, rounded. 
Petals obovate or obcordate. Anthers with a club-shaped, erect 
appendage. Style swollen above the base.— J. B. H. 



Fig. 1 Flower with petals removed and bract: 2, stamens- 3 ovarv 
diBk, and style; 4, vertical section of ditto :-«« magnifcl ' ' 7 ' 



5819 




■ 



Vincent EroaksDay&Soji.Inip- 



Tab. 5819. 
DELPHINIUM nudicaule. 



Naked-stemmed Zarfcspur. 



Nat. Ord. Kanunculaceje. — Polyandeia Trigynia. 



Gen. Char. — Sepala 5, basi subconnata, posticum (seu calycis tubus) 
deorsum in calcar productum. Petala 2 v. 4, parva, 2 postica (saape 
connata) in appendicem calcariformem intra calcar calycis producta, 2 
lateralia ecalcarata v. deficentia. Carpella 1-5, sessilia, libera, pluri- 
ovulata, maturitate folliculatim deliiscentia. Semina subcarnosa. — 
Herbse annua v. caudice radiciformi perennes, erectce, ramosce. Folia 
alterna, subternatim palmatimve lobata v. dissecta. Flores majusculi, 
laxe racemosi v. paniculati, c&rulei, purpurei, rosei v. albi, rarissime, 
coccinei v. Jlavi. Filamenta basi interdum dilatata. 



Delphinium nudicaule ; foliis radicalibus petiolatis orbiculatis tripartitis, 
segmentis 3-7 obovato-cuneiformibus 3-7 lobis, scapo racemoso laxi- 
floro, pedicellis elongatis, calcare recto, sepalis late ovatis coccineis, 
petalis superioribus calycem subsequantibus inferioribus 2-fidis basi 
minute calcaratis carpellis 3 patenti-recurvis reticulatis pubescentibus. 

Delphinium nudicaule, Torr. and Gray, Fl. N. Am., vol. i. p. 33. 



A very beautiful, hardy perennial, raised from Californian 
seeds by Mr. Thompson, of Ipswich, and flowered in July of 
last year. It was discovered by the late David Douglas, in 
1833, and has been collected by many subsequent travellers. 
As a species it is nearly allied to 1). cardinale, Hook (Tab. 
Kost. 4887), from which it differs in its much smaller size, 
broader leaf-lobes with short segments, laxer panicle, far 
paler, smaller, and more orange-colored flowers, nearly 
glabrous perianth, and pubescent carpels. 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1870. 



Descr. Root perennial. Stem twelve to eighteen inches 
high, glabrous, branched ; branches ten to fourteen flowered. 
Badical leaves two to two and a half inches diameter, three- 
to seven-lohed to the middle or nearly to the base, segments 
obovate-cuneate with three to seven broad, ovate, or rounded 
apiculate lobes at the top ; petioles three to five inches 
long ; cauline leaves shortly petioled, three to five cleft. 
Racemes three to seven inches long ; pedicels, one to one and 
a half inches long, spreading ; bracts small, linear ; bracteoles 
linear-oblong, pubescent. Flowers, including the spur, oue 
and a half inches long. Sepals bright orange-red, concave, 
obtuse, scarcely spreading ; spur stout, nearly straight, a little 
longer than the rest of the flower. Petals about as long as 
the sepals, linear-oblong, bright yellow; two upper 2-fid 
at the tip, ciliate. Carpels three, spreading and recurved, 
reticulate, veined ; style slender. — /. D. H. 



Fig. 1. Flower with the sepals and two lower petals removed ; 2, carpels: 
— both magnified. 



5820 




Vincent Bro cteDay &SattInjj). 



Tab. 5820. 
HOYA Australis. 



Australian Hoya. 

Nat. Ord. Apocyne^;. — Gynandria Pentandria. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 5272). 



Hoya Australis ; glabra, foliis breviter petiolatis ovatis obovatis v. suborbi- 
culatis obtusis v. breviter acuminatis basi rotundatis v. subcordatis, 
floribus umbellatis, pedunculis petiolos subfequantibus, corolla late 5-loba 
glabra marginibus planis papillosis, coronas segmentis in laminam con- 
cavam horizontal! ter patentem dilatatis margine exteriore obtuso inte- 
riore acuminato incurvo dorso bicarinato. 

Hoya Australia, Br. Traill, in Trans. Hort. Soc, vol. vii.p. 28. Benth.Fl. 
Austral., vol. iv. p. 346. 

H. bicarinata, A. Gray, in Proc. Amer. Acad. Sc., vol. v. p. 335. 

H. Dalrympliana, F. Muell, Rep. Burdek Expd., p. 16. 



A handsome, free-growing species of Hoya, first detected 
a century ago by Sir Joseph Banks during Captain Cook's 
voyage on the Endeavour Eiver in Queensland, and after- 
wards collected by Brown, Backhouse, Mueller, and others, 
at Moreton Bay, Rockhampton, the Clarence River, and 
elsewhere in New South Wales and Queensland. It is also 
a native of the Fiji and Samoan groups. It was introduced 
into this country by the late James Backhouse, who 
collected it on the banks of the Brisbane, and who sent 
flowering specimens to Kew in 1863. The specimen from 
which the accompanying drawing was made, was presented 
to the Royal Gardens by George Macleay, Esq., in 1864. 
It flowers annually in the month of October, and diffuses a 
rich honeysuckle-like scent. 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1870. 



Descr. A succulent glabrous twiner or epiphyte. Leaves 
very dark green, two to three inches long, very coriaceous 
and fleshy, on short petioles, ovate obovate or nearly orbi- 
cular, obtuse or shortly acuminate, rounded or rarely almost 
cordate at the base. Flowers white, tinged with pink in the 
centre, in simple umbels, peduncles infcerpetiolar, rarely 
exceeding the petioles ; pedicels pubescent, slender, half to 
one inch long, or even more. Calyx-segments about one line 
long. Corolla spreading to half an inch diameter, broadly 
five-lobed, the upper surface nearly smooth and glabrous, 
except towards the edges, which are slightly papillose and 
not reflexed. Corona-segments expanded into concave (at 
first almost cup-shaped) horizontally spreading laminae, very 
obtuse on the outer margin, the inner margin acuminate 
and incurved, the back prominently two-keeled.— G. BentL 



Fig. 1, Flower; 2, corona removed: — both magnified. 



5821 




Whtdiddetlitli 



\ \a ;oiLBroo]ts Bay&Soalnip 



Tab. 5821. 

CURCUMA petiolata. 

Long-petioled Curcuma. 



Nat. Ord. SciTAMINIE^E. MoNANDRIA MoNOGYNIA. 

Gen Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 5620). 



Curcuma petiolata ; rhizomate tuberibusque parvis paucis intus flavis, foliis 
longe petiolatis oblongo-lanceolatis acuminatis basi rotundatis cordatisve, 
pedunculo terminali breviusculo, corona oblonga breviuscula bracteis 
late et longe confluentibus inferioribus reniformibus margine brevi re- 
curvo roseo, superioribus gradatira majoribus, supremis radiantibus 
limbo breviter ovato subacute roseo-purpureo, floribus bracteis fere 
occlusis flavis, calycis limbo brevi, corolla? tubo inferne cylindrico 
superne campanulato, lobis late ovatis subacutis interioribus paulo lon- 
gioribus labello brevi late recurvo apice fisso, anthera oblonga calcaribus 
subulatis porrectis. 

Curcuma petiolata, Roxb. Fl. Ind., vol. i. p. 37 ; Boscoe's Monandrian Plants, 
tab. 100; fforaninoiv, Prod. Monog. Scitam., p. 23. 



The very beautiful plant here figured is a native of the 
forests of Pegu and Martaban, where it was discovered by a 
Mr. F. Carey, probably a connexion of the eminent Indian 
Botanical Missionary, the Rev. W. Carey, who took charge 
of the Calcutta Botanic Garden during Dr. Roxburgh's illness 
and absence, and who, in 1831, edited Roxburgh's "Flora 
Indica," in which this species is first described. In that work- 
Roxburgh states that Curcuma petiolata was sent by Mr. F. 
Carey to the Calcutta Botanic Gardens, where it flowered in 
August. Our specimens were transmitted from Moolmayne by 
our excellent correspondent, the Rev. C. Parish, and flowered 
in the Royal Gardens in September, 1869. As a species it is 
closely related to the Turmeric (C. low/a) and to the beautiful 
C. Australasica (Tab. Nost. 5620), which however, has leaves 
narrowed at the base, a longer spike, and the flowers are not 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1870. 



so deeply sunk in the pouches formed by the bracts. Kox- 
burgh states that the pouches are uncommonly deep in this 
species, and that the rounded or cordate base of the leaf is 
peculiar to it. 

Descr. Eootstock rather slender, with small tuberous roots, 
both yellow internally. Leaves six to ten inches long, oblong- 
lanceolate, acuminate, rounded or cordate at the base, bright 
deep green, rather paler below ; petiole four to six inches 
long, rather slender. Spike five to six inches long, on a ter- 
minal, short, stout peduncle, broader upwards, two inches 
diameter across the bracts below, three to three and a half 
inches across the uppermost bracts, which form a rather de- 
pressed head. Bracts about twenty to thirty, connate 
for about half their length, forming deep pouches which 
wholly include the flowers, green with recurved rose-pink 
margins; lower reniform, one to one and a quarter inches 
in diameter, with narrow recurved rounded margins; free 
portions of the uppermost produced into a horizontal, ovate, 
subacute limb, of a deeper and brighter rose-purple. Flowers 
pale yellow. Ovary pubescent. Calyx-tube shorter than the 
corolla-tube, with three blunt lobes. Corolla-tube cylindric 
below, campanulate above ; three outer lobes broadly ovate 
concave, obtuse ; two lateral inner lobes rather longer than 
the outer, rounded at the tips. Lip broadly reniform, two- 
thirds of an inch in diameter, short, recurved, split at the tip, 

/JTV ° W ° D tllG disk ' Anth6rS Sh0rt ' P ro J ectin g-— 



J*!* *' Fn f' and 2 ' ^ Vi6W ° f aflowe r ; 3, anther, upper part of style, 
and stigma; ±, ovary and stammodes :-all magnified. 7 



582k 










Tab. 5822. 
ENKYANTHUS Japonicus. 

Japanese Enkyanthus. 



Nat. Ord. EricejE. — Pecandkia Monogynia. 



Gen. Char. — Calyx parvus, 5-fidus. Corolla urceolata v. late campanulata, 
lobis 5 patentibus v. reflexis. Stamina 10, hypogyna, filamentis pu- 
berulis ; antherae 2-loculares, rimis longitudinalibus dehiscentes, 
2-aristatas, aristis patentibus. Ovarium ovoideum, 5-loculare ; stylus 
subulatus, stigmate simplici ; ovula numerosa, pendula, placentis angulo 
centrali loculorum affixis. Capsula erecta v. nutans, 5-gona, 5-locularis, 
loculicide 5-valvis, polysperma. Semina pauca, pendula, angusta, elon- 
gata, testa rugosa 3-alata, albumine parco ; embryo gracilis. — Frutices 
Asia? orientalis incolce, ramulis alternis v. subverticillatis, gemmis peru- 
latis. Folia ad apices ramulorum conferta, persistentia v. decidua, in- 
tegerrima v. serrulata. Flores axillares, ad apices ramulorum sub- 
umbellati, longe pedicellati, nutantes, bracteis latis membranaceis suffulti. 



Enkyanthus Japonicus ; ramulis subverticillatis, foliis deciduis membra- 
naceis breviter petiolatis elliptico-ovatis obovatisve acutis argute ser- 
rulatis, corolla alba globosa basi 5-saccata ore contracto lobis parvis 
revolutis, capsula angusta erecta. 



This very elegant new species of the interesting Himalayan 
and Chinese genus Enkyanthus, was introduced from Japan by 
Messrs. Standish ; by whom a living plant was presented to 
the Eoyal Gardens, from which the accompanying figure 
was made. It was discovered in 1859, by Sir Eutherford 
Alcock, and communicated by him to Sir W. Hooker's 
Herbarium from the neighbourhood of Nagasaki. It flowers 
in February, before the leaves are fully developed, but ac- 
quires its greatest beauty in autumn, when its foliage turns 
of a brilliant golden orange, diversified with redder spots. 

Though hitherto only cultivated in the Temperate House 
at Kew, E. Japonicus is probably quite hardy, and if so, will 

FEBRUARY 1st. 1870. 



prove a most attractive ornament to the shrubbery. As a 
species it is more nearly allied to the Sikkim K Himalaicus, 
both in the foliage and colour of the flowers, than to the 
original R quinqueflorus of China, with which, however, it 
agrees in its erect capsule ; it differs from both in the globose 
corolla with a very contracted mouth, and in the five large 
sac-like protuberances at its base. 

Descr. A slender shrub ; branches whorled, covered with 
brown bark, stiff, spreading. Leaves crowded at the ends of the 
branchlets, one and a half to two inches long, shortly pe- 
tioled, elliptic ovate or obovate, acute, serrulate, deciduous. 
Bracts numerous, whorled, obovate-oblong, yellow-green, one 
quarter to half an inch long. Flowers numerous, drooping ; 
pedicels two-thirds of an inch long, quite glabrous. Calyx 
of five small ovate subulate lobes. Corolla one-third of an 
inch m diameter, pure white, globose, intruded at the base, 
where there are five deep saccate projections ; mouth much 
contracted ; lobes small, broad, revolute. Stamens included ; 
stigma exserted. Capsules erect, nearly half an inch lonff, 
narrow.—/. B. H. 



Fig. 1, Flower ; 2, calyx and pistil ; 3, stamen :— all magnified. 



5823. 




htch.del.etHth. 



Vincent Br ooks J) ay & Son . Imp 



Tab. 5823. 
SOLANUM venustum. 

Graceful Solatium. 

Nat. Ord. Solane^;. — Pentandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 5424.) 



Solanum venustum ; fruticosum, inerme, ramia flexuosis glabris, foliis lon- 
giuscule petiolatis ovato-oblongis acuminatis basi rotundatis simplicibus 
vel inferne 2 vel 3-sectis integerrimis membranaceis supra pilis minu- 
tisaimis conspersis subtus glabriusculis ciliolatis, petiolis interne 
hirtellis, paniculis simplicibus terminalibus tardius lateralibus cernuis, 
rachi ramisque flexuosis glabris, floribus longiuscule pedicellatis ra- 
cemosis, calyce urceolato abbreviato— 5-dentato glabro, corolla rotata 
profunde 5-fida, laciniis ovatis acutis villosulo-ciliatis, antheris bre- 
vibus liberis, ovario glabro. 

Solanum venustum, Kunth. Spec. Nov. Emend. Herb. Reg. Berol., p. 10. 
Dunal in D. C. Prod., vol. xiii. p. 83. 



This is one of the most graceful and free- flowering species 
of Solanum in cultivation, a native of Brazil, but of what pro- 
vince I am ignorant. The specimen here figured flowers in 
the cooler wing of the Palm House of the Royal Gardens, 
in November, and has been there for some considerable period, 
but unfortunately all record of its origin and sender's name is 
lost, and it is only through the description in De Candolle's 
Prodromus that it has been identified, there being no speci- 
men of it in the Kew Herbaria. From the temperature 
at which it flowers under cultivation, it is probably a native 
of the southern provinces of Brazil or the La Plata district. 

Bescr. A slender unarmed climber, eight to ten feet high ; 
stems branched, as thick as a crowquill, green, and as well 
as the leaves, minutely pubescent. Leaves membranous, 
bright green, alternate, on slender petioles, uppermost entire, 
ovate-lanceolate, narrowed into rather blunt apices ; lower 
leaves and those about the inflorescence pinnately trifoliolate, 

FEBRUARY lt>T, 1870 



middle leaflet two to three and a half inches long, lateral 
alternate, much smaller, all shortly petioled. Flowers in 
drooping branched panicles three to live inches long; 
branches very slender, green, as are the pedicels. Pedicels 
swollen and conical at the apex. Calyx very small, five- 
angled, green. Corolla two-thirds of an inch in diameter, 
pale mauve, divided nearly to the base into five ovate-lanceo- 
late, acute, glabrous, spreading segments. Stamens free, short, 
unequal m height; anthers broadly oblong, very obtuse, 
yellow, opening by two large terminal pores. Ovary ovoid, 
glabrous; style subulate.—/. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Flower; 2, apex of peduncle and ovary ; 3, stamen :— all magnified. 



w 







/ 





h 
















Tab. 5824 
ERYTHROCHITON hypophyllanthus. 

Lindens Erytlirocliiton. 



Nat. Ord. Rutace^e. — Pentandria Monogynia. 



Gen. Char. — Calyx magnus, tubuloso-campanulatus, coloratus, 5-angu- 
latus v. costatus, inasqualiter fissus, 3-5-fidus v. partitus, lobis valvatis 
acutis. Corollas tubus rectus v. curvus, lobis patentibus subgequalibus 
imbricatis v. induplicato- valvatis. Discus urceolatus. Stamina 5, omnia 
perfecta v. 1-3 ananthera, tubo corollas agglutinata; anthera? lanceolata;, 
erectae, loculis basi simplicibus v. auriculatis. Ovarium alte 5-lobum, 
5-loculare ; stylus terminalis, stigmate capitato 5-lobo ; ovula 2, superposita. 
Capsula 5-cocca. coccis 2-valvibus, endocarpio soluto elastice 2-lobo 
1-2-spermo basi cum semine secedente. Semina subreniformia, sinu umbili- 
cato, testa coriacea rugulosa opaca ; albumen tenue, carnosum, plicis cotyle- 
donum intromissum; cotyledones plicato-convolutas, exteriore interiorem 
involvente; radicula breviuscula, incurva, clavata. — Frutices glabri, sub- 
simplices. Folia versus apicem caulis alterna, longissime obovato-lanceolata, 
integerrima. Flores hypophylli v. pedunculate pedunculis axillaribus nunc 
foliiferis scepissime elongatis angulatis. Flores speciosi, racemosi v. sub- 
fasciculati, calyce rubro, corolla alba v. rosea. 



Erythrochiton hypophyllanthus ; foliis (floriferis) unifoliolatis cum petiolo 
l_llp lli car i nodoso-articulatis anguste cuneato-oblongis (1-1 J pedali- 
bus) glaberrimis obtuse acuminatis margine integro irregulariter 
repandis, cymis 1-3-floris e costa media subtus enatis, staminibus fer- 
tilibus 2-3 sterilibus liguli-formibus. Planch. 

Erythrochiton hypopbyUantlxus, Planch and Linden in Ann. Sc. Nat. 
sir. III. vol. xix. p. 75.— Planch in Mem. Acad. Stanislas, de Nancy. 
1853. 



This very remarkable plant was discovered by Schlim, m 
rocky ravines, in the province of Ocaiia, in New Granada, at 
an elevation of 2500 feet above the sea ; and was imported 
by M. Linden, of Brussels, from whom the Koyal Gardens 
received it some years ago. It flowered for the first time at 
Kew in 1864, and has done so almost annually since, the 
plant attaining meanwhile a height of about five feet. In the 
position of the flowers, which are always produced at the 

MARCH 1ST, 1870. 



back of the leaf, it presents a remarkable contrast to the E. 
Brasilicme (Tab. Nost. 4742) ; it is further a much less 
attractive plant, wanting- the bright red calyces and copious 
flowers which render the other so ornamental. The 
position of the flowers upon the midrib of the leaf varies, 
as they are sometimes produced not far above the petiole 
(fig. 3), and are often subtended by a second leaf, the upper 
surface of which faces the back of that from which they both 
spring. 

Descr. Quite glabrous. Stem very slender, unbranched. 
Leaves obovate-lanceolate, ten to eighteen inches long, sub- 
acute, quite entire, many -nerved ; petiole very short, swollen 
at the base and top. Flowers one to three, from the back of 
the midrib of the leaf, shortly peduncled, white. Calyx sub- 
cylindric, an inch long, green ; lobes short, subacute. Petals 
oblong-ovate, obtuse. Ovary concealed in the cup-shaped 
disk ; stigma flve-lobed. — J. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Reduced view of the entire plant ; 2, leaf and inflorescence ; 3, 
portion of another leaf, with flower and accessory leaf; 4, corolla laid open ; 
5, ovary and disk ; 6, disk laid open ; 7, transverse section of ovary. Figs. 
4—7 magnified. 



SS7S. 




W Fitch del.etlith 



Vincent Brooks Day A 



Tab. 5825. 
DENDROBIUM lasioglossum. 

Hairy-lipped Bendrobe. 



Nat. Ord. Orchide^e. Gynandria Monandria. 
Gen. Char. (Vide Supra Tab. 4755.) 



Dendrobium lasioglossum; caulibus fasciculatis gracilibus foliosis, inter- 
nodiis elongatis teretiusculis, foliis planis lanceolatis acuminatis, flori- 
bus albis ad nodos sub 3-nis in pedunculo brevi aggregatis, bracteis 
minutis ovatis obtusis, sepalis late ovatis subacutis, petalis paulo brevi- 
oribus obtusis, labelli limbo inftmdibuliformi in calcar brevera truncation 
2-lobum producto, lobis lateralibus rotundatis erosis purpureo lineolatis, 
intermedio subquadrato undulato disco villoso-flavo. 

Dendrobium lasioglossum, Reichb.f. in Gard. Chron. 1868, p. 682. 



Discovered by Col. Benson in the forests of Birraa, and 
communicated by him to Messrs. Veitch and the Royal 
Gardens, where, and in the rich collection of Wentworth 
Buller, Esq., it flowered in the month of February, 1868. 
Reichenbach states that it is allied to B. Ruckeri, Lindl., a 
Philippine Island plant, which differs chiefly in the yellow 
colour of the flowers. As a species, however, it seems very 
distinct from that, and from any other. 

Bescr. Glabrous. Stems tufted, slender, ten to eighteen 
inches long, pendulous ; internodes two to three inches long, 
terete, a quarter to one-third inch diameter, scarcely swollen 
in the middle, upper and lowermost the most slender. Leaves 
three to five inches long, alternate, lanceolate, acuminate, flat, 
bright green, nerves obscure. Flowers in very short two to 
three-flowered racemes at the nodes ; bracts one-eighth of an 
inch long, ovate, obtuse, appressed. Peduncle* ilexuous, 
curved, half an inch long, greenish -white. Ovary short, 
green. Perianth one and a half inches diameter, spreading, all 
march 1st, 1870. 



white except the reddish streaks on the lateral lobes of the 
lip and tuft of yellow hairs in the disk. Sepals two-third 
inch long, broadly ovate, subacute. Petals rather smaller, 
broader, obtuse. Lip funnel-shaped, with two rounded, erect, 
erose, lateral lobes, and a reflexed mid-lobe, which is sub- 
quadrate, notched, has undulate margins, and a mass of 
yellow villous hairs on the disk ; spur very short, obtuse, 
bilobed. Column very short, hollow, and streaked with purple 
in front.—/. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Flower with the sepals and petals removed; 2, front view of lip ; 
3, column and spur : — all magnified. 



5826 




W. Fitch, del etlith. 



I BroolB,Da.y& SQn ' 1 



Tab. 5826. 
PAEANEPHELIUS uniflorus. 

Single-flowered Paranephelius. 



Nat. Ord. Composite. — Syngenesia Superflua. 



Gen. Char. — Capitulum multiflorum, heterogamum. Involucri plu- 
riseriati squamae imbricate, interiores angustissimas. Heceptaculum breviter 
fimbrilliferum. Flores radii uniseriati, ligulati, foeminei ; filamentis 2-5 
longe exsertis anantheris ; disci hermaphroditi, tubulosi. Corollce villosae, 
disci tubulosge, limbi quinquepartiti laciniis oblongis tubo brevioribus ; radii 
ligulatae, tubo longo, ligula oblonga tridentata. Stylus disci basi bulboso- 
incrassatus, profunde bifidus, ramis elongatis revolutis dense hispidis ; radii 
ramis abbreviatis. Achcenia ovalia, sulcata, glabra, apice concava, callo 
basilari ; pappus multiseriatus, setis sequalibus rigidis hispidis — Herbae 
acaules, in exeelsis Andium Peruvise et Bolivia? hucusque solum visee. Folia 
rosulata, dentata v. pinnatUobata, subtus niveo-tomentosa. Capitula majuscula, 
solitaria, lutea. 



Paranephelius uniflorus, Pcepp. and Endl. Nov. Gen. and Sp. PI. Chil. vol. 
iii. p. 42, t. 248. Walp. Ann. vol. vi. p. 103. Weddell, Chloris Andina, 
vol. i. p. 213. 



A very beautiful hardy or half-hardy composite, remarkable 
for the brilliant golden colour of the flowers and the bright- 
green reticulated foliage, which is snowy- white underneath. 
It is a native of the Peruvian and Bolivian Andes, and was 
raised from seed by W. W. Saunders, F.B.S., to whom I am 
indebted for the specimen here figured. It appears to be 
thoroughly Alpine, inhabiting rocky places at 14,000 to 
18,000 feet elevation; and, like most such plants, is very 
variable. Three species of the genus are described: P. 
uniflorus, P. & E. ; P. bullatus, Wedd., and P. ovatus, Wedd., 
(ovalifolius, A. Gray) ; but I suspect that these are all 
varieties of one. The present does not exactly accord with 
any ; but the main, if not only differences, arise from luxuri- 
ance of growth ; these are the elongated stem, robust habit, 
march 1st, 1870. 



longer petioles, and deeper lobing of the leaf. These charac- 
ters are very analogous to what are found in the Carduus 
acaulis of our pastures, with the habit of which the P. uni- 
jlorus is compared by its original describers. 

Descr. Boot fusiform, perennial. Stem none, or two to 
four inches high. Leaves radical and cauline, obovate or 
obovate-lanceolate, deeply and irregularly acutely sinuate- 
toothed or subpinnafidly-lobed, with acutely toothed lobes ; 
dark green and rugose above, with sunk veins, snow-white, 
with appressed tomentum beneath. Flowering-stem or peduncle 
stout, cylindric, densely tomentose. Involucre campanulate ; 
surrounded by leaf-like, recurved, green bracts ; involucral 
bracts linear-oblong, obtuse, or acute. Flower-heads two to three 
and a half inches in diameter ; ray bright golden-yellow ; disk 
orange ; ligules spreading, very numerous, in one series, one 
to one and a half inches long, pilose beneath ; disk-flowers 
with a slender tube, campanulate limb, and five narrow lobes. 
Anthers with obscure tails. Style-arms slender, re volute. 
Pappus-hairs very slender, rigid, reddish. — /. B. H. 



Fig. 1, Ray-flower; 2, disk-flower ; 3, stamen ; 4, style-arms; 5, pappus- 
hair : — all magnified. 



5827 




W Fitch, del et Mi 



Vincent Brooks . Day & Son. Imp 



Tab. 5827. 
LINARIA tristis. 

Sombre-Jlowered Toad-jlax. 



Nat. Ord. ScROPHULARINEiE. DlDYNAMIA ANGIOSPERMIA. 

Gen Char, (vide supra, Tab. 5733.) 



Linaria (sect. Linariastrum) tristis ; inflorescentia glanduloso-puberula, 
cseterum glabra, ramis floriferis decumbentibus basi ramosis, foliis 
lineari-oblongis linearibusve crassiusculis plerisque alternis, pedicellis 
brevissimis, calycis segmentis oblongis v. lineari-spathulatis obtusis, 
calcare lente arcuato corolla breviore infundibuliformi apice subincurvo. 

Linaria tristis, Mill. Ic. t. 166. Benth. in D. C. Prod. vol. x. p. 281. 

Antirrhinum triste, Linn. Syst. Veg. p. 465. 

Antirrhinum aerugineum, Gouan. III. p. 38. 



This charming little hardy plant was sent to the Eoyal 
Gardens last spring by G. Maw, Esq., F.L.S., from the Eock 
of Gibraltar, and flowered in the following July. It is a 
native of walls and stony places in various places in the south 
of Spain, and is also found in the Canary Islands. We have 
native specimens from the walls of the convent of Corunna, 
from the Sierra de Yunguera and Sierra de Gadoz, as well as 
from St. Roque and Gibraltar. Being a very free flowerer, 
and conspicuous for its glaucous foliage and the singular hues 
of its corolla, it is likely to become a favourite rock plant. 

Descr. Glabrous, very glaucous. Stems numerous from 
the root, decumbent at the base, then ascending, four to eight 
inches long, simple or sparingly branched, leafy. Leaves 
spreading, three-quarters to one inch long, radical narrowly 
linear- spathulate, cauline more linear, subacute, quite entire. 
Raceme two to three inches long, sub-cylindric, densely 
many-flowered; bracts linear, leaf-like; peduncles, pedicels, 
and calyx glandular-pubescent. Flowers shortly pedicelled, 
erect, an inch long from the tip of the spur to the top of the 

march 1st, 1870. 



upper lip. Sepals narrowly ovate, or obovate oblong, sub- 
acute. Corolla dirty yellow, with dark maroon purple palate 
and lower lip, and pale purple upper lip ; spur funnel-shaped, 
tip subacute, slightly incurved ; throat broad ; palate with 
two pubescent hemispheric bosses ; lower lip very short, two- 
lobed, margins recurved; upper lip erect, broadly ovate, 
broader than long, bifid. — /. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Flower magnified. 



5828. 









W 7itcli.del.et lith 



VmcentBroois. DayAS*. 



Tab. 5828. 
OENOTHERA marginata. 

Bed-nerved Evening Primrose. 



Nat. Ord. OnagrariejE. — Octandria Monogtnia. 



Gen. Char. — Calycis tubus linearis v. clavatus, 4-gonus, supra ovarium 
in tubum cylindricum brevem v. elongatum superne dilatatum 4-Iobum 
deciduum productus. Petala 4, obovata v. obcordata, vix unguiculata. 
Stamina 8, sequalia v. alterna breviora, filiamentis filiformibus ; antherse 
lineares, ssepius elongatae. Ovarium 4-loculare ; stylus filiformis, stigmate 
integro 4-lobo v. 4-partito ; ovula co, horizontaba v. adscendentia. Capsula 
varia, niembranacea coriacea v. sublignosa, linearis oblonga v. clavata, teres 
4-gona v. polygona, multicostata v. late 4-alata, 4-locularis v. rarius ob septa 
evanida 1-locularis, valvis medio septiferis ab axi seminifero solutis, in- 
terdum evalvis. Semina plurima t. pauca, forma et testa varia. — Herbae, 
rarius fruticuli, habitu variabiles, smpissime erectce ramosce foliosce, rarius 
scapigerce. Folia alterna, membranacea, sessilia v. petiolata, integra dentata 
lobata v. pinnatifida. Flores axillares, solitarii, sessiles v. pedunculati, rarius 
2-ni v. in capitulum congesti, s<spe speciosi, flavi rosei v. purpurei. 



CEnotitera marginata ; subacaulis, csespitosa, villoso-pubescens, foliis lanceo- 
latis longe petiolatis sinuato-dentatis vel runcinato-pinnatifidis, margini- 
bus tomentosis, nervis subtus rubris, floribus amplis sessilibus, calycis 
tubo longissimo lacinias longe excedentibus, petalis amplis latissime ob- 
cordatis albis, capsulis breviter pedicellatis oblongo-cylindraceis costatis 
obscure 4-gonis, marginibus valvarum Iente tuberculatis. 

CEnothera marginata, Nutt. Mss. in Hook and Am. Hot. Beech. Voy. 
Suppl., p. 343. Torr and Gray, Fl. N. Am. vol. i. p. 500. 



A magnificent hardy Evening Primrose, admirably adapted 
for a rockery, conspicuous for its bright green foliage, the 
ribs and petiole of which underneath are often of a blood-red 
colour ; as also for the very large and handsome flowers, fully 
four inches in diameter, which are produced in succession, 
and in considerable numbers. It is a native of the Kocky 
Mountains, in Upper California, where it was discovered by 
Nuttall in 1842; and it has also been found in the Snake 
march 1st, 1870. 



country by Tolmie, on the Oregon by Burke, and on the 
Upper Missouri by Geyer. The specimen here figured, 
flowered in the Eoyal Gardens in June, 1869, and has been 
for some years in cultivation. 

Descu. Stemless. Boot woody, fusiform. Leaves nume- 
rous, three to six inches long, including the slender petiole, 
more or less covered below or on both surfaces and margins 
with soft pubescence, very variable in length and breadth, 
acute or obtuse, subentire, toothed or pinnatifid. Flowers 
axillary, subsessile. Cfe^-tube very long and slender, three 
to six inches long, tumid at the base, narrowly funnel-shaped 
at the top ; lobes one to two inches long, subulate-lanceolate, 
acuminate, carmine or greenish. Petals very variable in size, 
about as long as the sepals, in our specimens two inches 
across, broadly obcordate, white, pale pink in bud. Filaments 
nearly equal, slender, green ; anthers narrow, yellow. Style 
very slender, with four spreading, narrow stigmas. Capsule 
an inch long, oblong-cylindric, obscurely four-angled, four- 
ribbed. Seeds ovoid, gibbous, grooved along the inner side. 
— /. D. H. 



5829. 







Vincent Brooks, Day feSon, Imp 



Tab. 5829. 
clavija macrophylla. 

Large-leaved Clavija. 



Nat. Ord. MybsinejE. Pentandeia Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 5626.) 



Clavija macrophylla ; foliis per intervalla confertis breviter petiolatis 
coriaceo-membranaceis majoribus et minoribus permixtis, illis obovato- 
oblongis breviter acuminatis obtusis vel emarginatis basi cuneatis 
marginibus haud incrassatis acute sinuato-dentatis, dentibus vix pun- 
gentibus, foliis minoribus magis lanceolatis, nervis patentibus sub- 
parallelis prsesertim subtus tenere reticulars, racemis flaccidis laxifloris 
tenuibus, bracteis ad pedicelli basin vel in medio insertis, floribus 
pedicellatis fere omnibus tetrameris, drupis siccis globosis brevi- 
rostellatis. — Miq. 

Clavija macrophylla, Miquel in Mart. Fl. Brazil, fasc. xvi. p. 275, t. 24. 

Theopheasta macrophylla, Link. Herb. T. serrata, Hoffinansegg, Verzeichn. 
2 ann. 1826, p. 18 ? 



The subject of the present plate, a native of Brazil, was 
flowered by W. Wilson Saunders, Esq., F.E.S., of Eeigate, 
in July last, and has been referred, though with some doubt, 
to Clavija macrophylla of Miquel. It agrees entirely with 
that plant in habit and foliage (which forms a magnificent 
crown of eighteen to twenty leaves in the specimen figured) 
in the copious racemes (of which there were twenty-six in 
this specimen), and in the tetramerous flowers with very small 
calyx and minute subulate bracts half-way up the pedice] ; 
but it differs from Miquel's description in the corolla 
being orange-yellow, instead of white with a scarlet median 
nerve. I cannot help suspecting, however, that the latter 
character, apparently taken from notes attached to dried 
specimens, has originated in a mistake ; the flowers being 
yellow or orange in the closely allied C. ornate^ and in all 



apbil 1st, 1870. 



other species known to me. Mr. Saunders's plant was sent 
to Mm from the neighbourhood of Eio, by the late C. Bow- 
man, Esq., and was grown in a cool stove in a mixture of 
loam and peat : it is a slow grower, making a whorl of sixteen 
to eighteen leaves annually. According to Miquel, this 
species extends from the Amazons and Rio Negro to Eio de 
Janeiro, and flowers in the month of December. 

Descr. Stem five to six feet high, stout, erect, glabrous, 
covered with ashy-grey bark. Leaves crowded at the top of 
the stem, very numerous, large and small irregularly mingled, 
the former twelve to twenty inches long, the latter four to 
eight ; all sessile, obovate-lanceolate, gradually tapering to a 
very long base, acuminate, spinous-serrate, deep green 
above, paler beneath, with very numerous horizontal reticu- 
late veins. Racemes axillary, five to eight inches long, slender, 
very many flowered ; pedicels slender, one-third to one-half 
inch long, with a minute subulate bract in the middle. 
Calyx-lobes small. Corolla one-fourth inch in diameter, 
subglobose, bright orange-yellow ; lobes four, orbicular, not 
spreading. Stamens four. Style short, stigma capitate. — 
J. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Male flower; 2, ditto with the calyx and corolla removed; 3, 
vertical section of ditto : — all magnified. 



5830. 




W Fitch, del ethth 



Vincent Brooks, DayASonlmp 



Tab. 5830. 
STYLOPHORUM japonicum. 

Japanese Stylophorum. 



Nat. Ord. Papaveeace^:. — Polyandria Monogynia. 



Gen. Char. — Sepala 2. Petala 4. Stamina indefinita. Ovarii placentae 
2-4, nerviformes ; stylus distinctus, apice lobato-dilatatus, lobis 2-4 erectis 
cum placentis alternantibua sinubusque deflexis undique stigmatosis. Cap- 
sula Sffipius stipitata, ovoidea, oblonga v. linearis, ab apice ad basin dehiscens, 
valvis placentas cum stylo persistentes nudantibus. Semina scrobiculata, 
raphe cristata. Herbae, rhizomate perenni, succojlavo. Folia radical ia pin- 
natifida v. 0, caulina pauca, alterna v. fioralia subopposita, lobata v. dissecta, 
tenera. Flores fiavi v. rubri, pedunculis elongatis solitariis v. subfasciculatis, 
alabastris nutantibus. 



Stylophorum Japonicum ; fere glaberrima, foliis radicalibus longe petiolatis 
pinnatisectis, foliolis bijugis cum impari ellipticis lanceolatisve grosse 
inaequaliter serratis, caulinis apicem versus caulis breviter petiolatis 
3-5-jugis, floribus axillaribus solitariis binisve, sepalis acuminatis, 
petalis late obovatis, capsula anguste elongata, stylo breviusculo. 

Stylophorum Japonicum, Miq. Prolus. Fl. Japon., p. 199. 

Chelidontum Japonicum, Thunb. Fl. Japon., p. 221. 

C. uniflorum, Sieb. and Zucc. Abhandl. Baier. Akad. Wissensch., v. iv. 2, 

p. 169. Walp. Ann. 1, 956. 
Hylomecon vernale, Maxim. Prim. Fl. Japon., p. 36, t. 3. 



An elegant, hardy perennial, closely allied to our Greater 
Celandine, but with flowers twice as large. A native of 
Japan and the countries bordering the Amoor river in N.E. 
Asia. It was received from the Imperial Gardens at St. 
Petersburgh, and flowered in a cool frame in May of last 
year. 

Descr. Rootstock slender, tortuous, branched, sending up 
from the extremity of each branch one or two very long- 
petioled leaves, and a slender erect stem, twelve to eighteen 
inches high, which bears at the top two or three leaves, 
with axillary flowers, and at the base a few short amplexicaul, 

APRIL 1st, 1870. 



rounded, brown sheaths. Leaflets at the summit of the 
petiole, two in opposite pairs and an odd one, subsessile, 
elliptic or lanceolate, acuminate, dark-green, irregularly- 
serrate ; terminal two to two and a quarter inches long, rather 
longer than the others, more narrowed at the base, sometimes 
obscurely lobed ; cauline leaves similar, but shortly petioled ; 
more rarely the leaves have five to six pairs of leaflets, when 
the upper pair are broader, sometimes lobed at the base, and 
the lower pairs are alternate, and exceedingly irregular in 
size and form. Flowers one and a half to two inches in 
diameter, yellow, axillary, usually in pairs ; pedicel one to 
one and a half inches long, erect ; buds inclined, ovoid, acu- 
minate. Sepals membranous, very deciduous. Petals broadly 
obovate, spreading, rounded at the tip. Stamens short, orange- 
yellow. Capsule one and a half to two inches long, very 
slender, terete. — /. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Stamen ; 2, ovary : — both magnified. 



5831. 




W Fitch.del etlith 



Vincent BrooksDay £ Son Imp 



Tab. 5831. 
NARCISSUS bulbocodium, var. monophyllus. 

Hoop-petticoat Narcissus, Single-leaved Variety. 



Nat. Ord. Amaryllide^e. — Hexandria Monogynia. 



Gen. Char. — Perigonium corollinum, campanulatum conicum v. hypo- 
crateriforme, lobis 6 patentibus v. reflexia. Corona infundibuliformis 
campanulata v. rotata. Stamina 6, tubo perigonii 2-seriatim inserts, 
inclusa, filamentis brevissimis ; antherse oblonga?. Ovarium 3-loculare ; 
stylus filiformis, stigmate obtuso ; ovula pluriseriata. Capsula membranacea, 
3-gona, loculicide 3-valvia. Semina subglobosa, testa atra. — Herbaj 
European, bulbo tunicato. Folia angusta. Scapi teretes compressi v. angulosi. 
Spatha 1-phylla, 1- oo flora. Flores speciosi, albi v.flavi. 



Narcissus Bulbocodium; bulbo ovoideo, foliis 1-3 anguste linearibus 
^-teretibus, scapo gracili 1-floro, perianthio ascendente v. horizontal! 
pedicellato, tubo conico flavo, corona magna tubum sequante, lobis 
linearibus ascendentibua acutis, filamentis recurvis. 

Var. monophylla ; folio angustissimo sub-solitario, ovario subsessili, flore 
pallido-stramineo, corona crenulata, stylo exserto. 

Narcissus bulbocodium, var. monophylla, Baker in Gard. Chron., ann. 1869, 
p. 529. — N. Clusii, Dunal, Mem. Acad. Sc. Mont, p. 9 and 6. Kunth. 
Enum. v. v., p. 897. Walp. Ann. i. p. 836. 

Corbularia monophylla, Durieu in Duchart. Rev. Bot., ii. 425 ; Kunth. 
/. c. ; Explor. de VAlgerie, Bot. t. 47, f. 2. 



A very elegant little plant, referred by Mr. Baker to a 
variety of the well-known Hoop-petticoat Narcissus of the 
S. of Europe, but differing from the typical form of that 
plant in the solitary leaf and nearly white flower. It is a 
native of Algiers, whence bulbs were sent to the Royal 
Gardens by Col. Playfair, Consul-General. It flowered in a 
cool frame, in January of the present year. 

Descr. Bulb size of a small hazel-nut, globose ; scales sooty 
brown, shining. Leaf solitary, rarely two, four to six inches 

APRIL 1st, 1870. 



long, very narrow, semi-terete, with a shallow channel in 
front, dark-green. Scape half as long as the leaves, obscurely 
trigonous. Flower very shortly pedicelled, ascending or hori- 
zontal, an inch and a quarter long, very pale yellow. 
Perianth-tube conical, two-thirds of an inch long; lobes 
linear, spreading, acute, about equalling the tube ; corona 
very large, an inch and a quarter in diameter, hemispheric, 
margin crisped and lobed. Filaments upcurved at the apex. 
Stigma exserted. — /. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Stamens, ovary, and style; 2, transverse section of leaf; — loth 
magnified. 




W Fitch, del.etlith 



VmcentBroois.Day* SarJmp 



Tab. 5832. 
RHYNCHOTECHUM elliptic™. 

Elliptic-leaved Rliynchotechum. 



Nat. Ord. Cyrtandre^e. — Didynamia Angiospermia. 



Gen. Char. — Calyx 5-fidus, aequalis, lobis lanceolato-subulatis. Corolla 
tubo brevi subcampanulato, limbo hiante 2-labiato, labio superiore 2-lobo 
inferiore paulo majore 3-lobo, lobis omnibus subaequalibus rotundatis. 
Stamina 4, didynama, inclusa, omnia fertilia, filamentis brevissimis ; anathera? 
parvas 2-loculares, libera?, loculis confluentibus. Ovarium disco annulari 
impositum ; stylus incurvus, stigmate obtuso. Fructus baccatus, globosus, 
calyce cinctus, septi carnosi lobis revolutis seminiferis. Semina minuta. 
Frutices Javanas et India? maxime orientalis incolce ; caule simplici, tereti, 
medulla ampla ; cortice spongioso. Folia opposita. Corymbi axillares, 
dichotomi, pedicellis gracilibus. Flores parvi, rosei. Fructus parvus, 
albus. 



Ehynchotechum ellipticum; caule simplici robusto superne pedunculis 
petiolis foliisque subtus molliter fulvo lanuginosis, foliis obovato- 
lanceolatisellipticisveacutis crenato-dentatis, corolla rosea fauce purpurea, 
lobis rotundatis. 

Rhynchotechum ellipticum, A. DC. in DC. Prodr. vol. ix. p. 285 in nota. 

Corysanthera elliptica, Wall. Cat. No. 6411. 



This genus was established by Blume, on a mountain 
plant of the island of Java ; but the species here described 
was subsequently discovered by Wallich's collectors in 
the Silhet district of Eastern Bengal, inhabiting damp 
forests. It also occurs in Assam, where it was detected by 
Griffith, and extends to the Sikkim Himalaya, whence seeds 
were sent by Mr. Gammie to the Koyal Gardens, Kew, from 
which the plant here figured was raised. A third species, 
from the island of Penang, is preserved in the Hookerian 
Herbarium ; as is a fourth, or possibly a variety of R. ellip- 
ticum, which was discovered by Mr. Parish on the granite 
mountain of Tinjake, in Martaban ; and a fifth discovered by 
Dr. Thomson and myself in the Silhet jungles. All agree 

APRIL 1st, 1870. 



in their suffruticose, unbranched habit ; in the stout, brittle, 
terete stem, with very thick pith and white spongy bark ; in 
the small corymbose pink flowers, being produced from the 
stem, chiefly below the leaves ; and which are succeeded by 
small white transparent berries. They are probably biennial 
in duration, as our plant, which flowered in an intermediate 
stove, died soon afterwards. 

Descr. Stern two to three feet high, simple, erect, flexuous, 
terete, as thick as a swan's quill ; upper part, petioles, young 
leaves below, nerves of the old leaf, and inflorescence, covered 
with a soft buff-yellow wool. Leaves opposite, six to ten 
inches long, shortly petioled, obovate-lanceolate or elliptic, 
acute, narrowed into the petiole, obtusely toothed ; nerves 
numerous, parallel, diverging. Corymbs crowded at the nodes 
beneath the leaves, much branched, branches very slender, 
divaricating ; bracts at the forks, subulate, small. Calyx-lobes 
one-fourth inch long, subulate-lanceolate, acuminate. Corolla 
one-third inch in diameter, bright pink, with a two-lobed, 
blood-red spot at the base of the upper lip ; upper lip rather 
smaller, broadly two-lobed, lower lip three-lobed, lobes sub- 
equal, orbicular. Stamens inserted at the base of the corolla- 
tube, filaments very short ; anthers subglobose, dark purple. 
Ovary ovoid, narrowed into a short, subulate, curved style. 
Bisk annular. Berry one-third inch in diameter, subglobose, 
white, transparent, many-seeded. — /. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Side; 2, front view of flower ; 3, corolla laid open ; 4, ovary and 
disk ; 5, transverse section of ditto : — all magnified. 



6833 




W fitch, del etlith 



VincentBrooteDayASon.Imp 



Tab. 5833. 
ORTHOSIPHON stamineus. 

Long-stamened Orthosiphon. 



Nat. Ord. Labiate. — Didynamia Gymnospeumia. 



Gen. Char. — Calyx ovato-tubulosus, 5-dentatus, dente superiore ovato 
membranaceo marginibus saspius decurrentibus, post anthesin deflexus. Corolla 
tubo exserto recto v. incurvo nee gibboso nee defracto, fauce aequali v. rarius 
inflata, labio superiore 3-4-fido, inferiore integerrimo concavo. Stamina 4, 
filamentis liberis edentulis. Stylus filiformis, stigmate emarginato v. 2-labiato. 
Nuculos punctulataa v. tuberculatas. — Herba? perennes suffruticesve tropici, 
Asiatici, Americani, et African!. Kacemi simplices, sospius elongati. Verti- 
cillartri 2-10 flori, distantes, laxi. Folia fioralia bracteeeformia, reflexa. 
Pedicelli fructiferi recurvi. — Benth. 



Outhosiphon stamineus; caule herbaceo suberecto ramoso, foliis petiolatis 
ovatis v. rhombeo-ovatis basi cuneatis cordatisve grosse crenato- 
dentatis, racemis elongatis, corollas tubo recto angusto elongato calyce 
triplo longiore, labio inferiore anguste-oblongo porrecto, superiore piano 
maxirno 3-lobo refracto, filamentis longissime porrectis. 

Outhosiphon stamineus, Benth. in Wall. PL As. Ear. vii. p. 17, et in DC. 
Prod. v. xii. p. 52. Masters in Gard. Chron. ann. 1869, p. 941 cum 
Ic. xylog. 

Ocimum grandiflorum, Blume, Bijd. p. 835, non L'Herit. 



As Bentham well remarks in his description of this plant, 
and Masters in his notice of its introduction (Gard. Chron. I.e.), 
it resembles in its inflorescence a Clerodcndron, far more than 
its allies, the Basil, Coleus, or Mint. It is a very wide- 
spread Eastern plant from Assam and Birma to the Phi- 
lippine Islands, and from the Nicobars and Siam to Java, 
Borneo, and Cape Goole in North-East Australia. It was 
introduced from the latter locality by Mr. John Veitch, from 
whose specimens, which flowered in the Boyal Exotic Nur- 
series in July of last year, the accompanying drawing was 

APRIL 1st, 1870. 



made ; and the Koyal Gardens have also received it from 
the Eev. Mr. Parish of Moulmayne. It need hardly be ob- 
served that it is a stove plant, a profuse flowerer, and of 
very pretty appearance. 

Descr. A herb one to two feet high, erect or decumbent, 
the base sparingly branched, pubescent or glabrate, branches 
4-gonous. Leaves in rather distant pairs, short- or long- 
petioled, one to three inches long, ovate or rhombic ovate, 
cuneate or cordate at the base, usually deeply and irregularly 
crenate-toothed, sometimes almost entire, at others almost 
lobulate, dark green above, paler beneath. Bacemes simple, 
slender, five to ten inches long, erect, very many-flowered. 
Flowers six to ten in a whorl ; bracts small ovate ; pedicels 
slender, one-quarter inch long. Calyx-tube short, base rounded, 
upper lip orbicular erect ; lower with two long subulate 
middle teeth, and two short broad auricled mucronate lateral 
ones. Corolla blue-lilac ; tube half an inch, straight, slender ; 
lips equalling the tube ; lower narrow, oblong, concave, hori- 
zontal ; upper as long, broad, recurved, 3-lobed at the top, 
midlobe notched. Stamens blue, one to one inch and a 
quarter long ; anthers minute, dark. Style as long, with 
two minute oblong lips. Disk tumid, produced into an 
incurved erect lobe at the back. Nutlets oblong, tuber- 
culate. — /. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Leaf; 2, flower ; 3, corolla laid open ; 4, anther ; 5, calyx : 
stigma; 7, disk and ovary : — all magnified. 



5824. 




Wfrteh.dal.etlith 



Vincent Brooks.Day&SorJmp. 



Tab. 5834. 
vanda oerulescens. 

Pale Blue Vanda. 



Nat. Ord. Orchide^e. — Gynandria Monandria. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 5174.) 



Vanda cwrulescens ; caule elongato folioso, foliis angustis loratis truncato- 
bilobis profunde carinatis, scapis distanter vaginatis pendulis, racemis 
elongatis multifioris, pedunculis trigonis, sepalis petalisque pallide 
csruleis patentibus incurvis subundulatis obovato-spathulatis subun- 
guiculatis, labello parvo, lobis lateribus minutis columcaa adnatis, lobo 
intermedio-obcuneato apice subdilatato emarginato, marginibus deflexis 
disco violaceo callis 2 elongatis crassis carinaeformibus instructo, calcare 
labello paulo breviore incurvo subacuto. 

Vanda c£erulescens, Griff. Notulce, p. 352 ; Ic, t. 331 ; Lindl. Fol. Orchid. 
Vanda, p. 9; Walp. Ann., vol. vi. p. 868.— GW. Chrm., 1870, p. 529, 
Fig. 97. 



It has long been known that a second blue Vanda, allied 
to the celebrated Vanda carulea, but much smaller in all its 
parts, had been discovered by Griffith near Bamo, in Birmah, 
so long ago as 1837 ; but nothing further was known of the 
plant until it was rediscovered by Colonel Benson in 1867, 
when he communicated specimens and a coloured figure to 
the Kew Herbarium, from hills near Prome, at an elevation 
of 1500 feet above the sea. Thanks to his energy, live 
specimens were shortly afterwards sent to Messrs. Veitch, 
which flowered in the Eoyal Exotic Nursery, Chelsea, in 
March of the present year, and from which the accompanying 
drawing was made. Though by no means comparable either 
for size or colour with Vanda carulea, it is a very elegant 
plant, and well worthy of cultivation. 

Descr. Stems one to two feet long, as thick as the little 
finger, woody, with long, stout, flexuous roots at the bases 
of the leaves. Leaves numerous, distichous, dense, five to 

May 1st, 1870. 



seven inches long, three-quarters to one and a quarter broad 
deeply channelled above, very coriaceous, strongly keeled at 
the back, the keel increasing in size towards the tip, where 
it forms an angular projection ; tip of the leaf abruptly trun- 
cate and two-lobed, the lobes ending in rigid angular points. 
Racemes many, axillary, pendulous, five to seven inches long, 
on peduncles of equal length, green, with one or two small 
appressed sheaths ; peduncles spreading, together with the 
slender ovaries one and a quarter inches long, a slightly redder 
lilac than the rest of the flower. Flowers one to one and 
one-third inch diameter ; sepals and petals subequal, spreading, 
incurved, rather undulate or twisted, obovate-spathulate, 
subacute, pale blue-lilac inside, rather darker outside. Zip 
rather smaller than the petals, three-lobed ; two lateral lobes 
small, dark blue, adnate to the sides of the very short dark 
blue column; mid-lobe projecting, between obovate and 
cuneate; margins deflexed, of the same colour as the petals; 
tip rather dilated, rounded, notched ; disk violet-blue, with 
two thick, smooth, obtuse ridges, and a short basal inter- 
mediate one ; spur shorter than the lip, incurved, subacute, 
blue-hlac ; anther yellow. — J. D H. 



Fig. 1, Flower with the sepals and petals removed ;— magnified. 



J835. 











"WTitch.dal.etlith 



VincentBroobJ)-y*Scn>P 



Tab. 5835. 
ACACIA RICEANA. 

Mr. Spring -Mice s Acacia. 



Nat. Ord. Leguminos^e. — Polygamia Moncecia. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 5191.) 



Acacia Ficeana; arbuscula glaberrima, ramulis pendulis angulatis gracilibus 
apicibus tomentosis, phyllodiis anguste linearibus lineari-subulatisve 
sparsis subverticillatisve acuminato-pungentibus uninerviis, pedunculis 
elongatis gracilibus dissitifloris phyllodia superantibus, bracteolis brevi- 
bus, calyce brevissirno 3-lobo, floribus majusculis, leguminibus gra- 
cilibus linearibus valde curvis petalis persistentibus suffultis. 

Acacia Kiceana ; Henslow in Maunder '$ Botanist, vol. iii. No. 135; Hook. f. 
Fl. Tasmanica, vol. i. p. 106; Benth., Fl. Austral., vol. ii. p. 335. 

Acacia setigera, Hook., Ic. FL, tab. 316. 



This is by far the most beautiful Acacia of Tasmania, to 
the southern parts of which island it seems to be confined ; 
growing like a weeping willow on the banks of the streams 
that fall into the Derwent. It was discovered by Eobert 
Brown in the early part of the century, but it was not till 
nearly forty years afterwards that it was made known in 
this country; firstly by specimens communicated to Sir 
Wm. Hooker by Eonald Gunn, Esq., F.R.S., and afterwards 
from seeds sent to the Right Hon. T. Spring Rice (then 
Chancellor of the Exchequer, .afterwards Lord Monteagle) ; 
in honour of whom it was named. It is remarkable that so 
fine a greenhouse ornament should be comparatively rare in 
cultivation; for its deep green perennial foliage, its long 
whip-like pendent branches, clothed with golden flowers, 
the facility with which it can be trained over columns and 
arches, and the length of time during which it remains in 
flower, render it one of the most desirable acquisitions for a 
mav 1st, 1870. 



conservatory. In the form of the leaves, and in certain 
other characters, it so closely resembles certain states of 
Acacia mucronaia, that they are often mistaken for one 
another ; bnt besides the great difference in habit, there is 
no resemblance whatever between their pods. For cuttings 
of the true plant, the Royal Gardens are indebted to Mr. 
H. Knight, gardener to His Grace the Duke of Eoxburghe, 
at Floors Castle, where a single plant festoons the glazed 
corridor for full 50 feet of its length, flowering during many 
months of the year, from March or April onwards. 

Descr. A very handsome small dark-green tree, ten to 
twenty feet high, with copious pendulous slender branches, 
which are villous at the apices only. Phyllodia scattered or 
whorled, laterally appressed, very narrow, one to two inches 
long, linear, acuminate, pungent, less rigid than in its con- 
geners of this section, one-nerved. Stipules minute, broadly 
ovate, membranous. Peduncles slender, divaricating, longer 
than the phyllodia. Flowers large for the genus, solitary 
or aggregated by two or three together along the very 
slender pendulous peduncle. Bracts small, appressed to the 
base of the flower, ciliate. Calyx very minute, cup-shaped, 
three-lobed; lobes ciliate. Petals generally three, persis- 
tent, glabrous. Pods two to three inches long, narrow, 
much curved, shortly stalked, retaining at their bases the 
persistent petals ; valves very convex, coriaceous, contracted 
between the seeds. Seeds oblong, longitudinal ; funicle 
much folded, and thickened nearly from the base. — /. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Phyllode ; 2, bud ; 3, leaf; 4, pod : — all but 4 magnified. 



58Z6. 






W fit* . 



- A Brooks. 5. 



Tab. 5836. 
ARENARIA purpura scens. 

Purple Alpine Sdndtvorf. 



Nat. Ord. Caryophylle,e. — Decandria Trigynia. 



Gen. Char. — Sepala 5, rarius 4. Petala totidem, integra v. leviter emar- 
ginata v. rarius 0. Stamina 10, rarius 8, v. abortu pauciora. Discus sta- 
minifer annularis, nunc vix conspicuus, nunc inter stamina in glandulas 
prominentes plus minus expansus. Ovarium 1-loculare. oo-ovulatum ; 
styli 3, rarius 2, v. in floribus nonnullis 4-5. Capsula globosa ovoidea 
v. breviter oblonga, in valvas tot quot styli integras 2-dentatas 2-fidaa v. 
2-partitas (valvis tunc integris dictis stylis duplo pluribus) breviter v. saepius 
infra medium dehiscens. Semina reniformi-globosa v. a latere compressa, 
tuberculata v. lasvia. — Herbae annua vel perennes, nunc f/raciles v. rigida 
foliis subulatis parvisve, nunc rarius diffused v. ccespitoscB foliis latioribvs, Std- 
lariis nonnullis similiores. Flores terminales cijmoso-paniculati v. capitati, 
rarius axillares subsolitarii. Petala alba v. rarissime rubra. 



Arenaria purpurascens ; csespitosa, decumbens, ramis erectis 2-3-floris, 
foliis ovato-lanceolatis acuminatis glabris, pedicellis tomentosis folia 
vix superantibus, sepalis lanceolatis laevibus margine scariosis corolla 
longioribus, capsulis ovato-cylindricis semi-sexvalvibus calycem longe 
superantibus, valvis acutis, seminibus reniformibus. 

Arenaria purpurascens ; Ramond in DC. Flore Francaise, vol. iv. p. 785 ; 
DC. Prodr. vol i. p. 410 ; DC. Ic. Gall. tab. 45. 

Arenaria cerastoides, Pers. Ench. vol. i. p. 502. 

Cerastium Ramondi, Fenzl. 



A native of the lofty mountains of the Pyrenees, where it 
forms large patches, fed by rills from the melting snows, 
conspicuous from its multitude of star-like pale pink flowers, 
with deep red stems, stamens, and pistils— characters which 
give it a very sparkling appearance on a rockwork. I am 
indebted to Mr. Backhouse, of York, for the specimen now 
figured, which flowered in May, 1869. 

may 1st, 1870. 



Descr. Forms densely tufted convex masses, three to six 
inches diameter j branches red, ascending, puberulous, one 
to three flowered towards the tip. Leaves one-third to two- 
thirds inch long, bright green, sessile, ovate or ovate- 
lanceolate, acuminate ; pedicels as short as, or scarcely longer 
than the leaves, tomentose, pink. Flowers one-half to two- 
thirds inch diameter. Sepals lanceolate, one-third shorter 
than the petals, green, keeled, obscurely nerved. Petals 
elliptic, obtuse, quite entire. Stamens ten, bright red. Ovary 
short, ovoid, and three styles also red. Capsule two to three 
times as long as the calyx. — J. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Flower; 2, the same with the petals removed; 3, disk and 
ovary; 4, transverse section of ovary ; 5, fruit: — all magnified. 




5837 





/ 



' s 



% 




V Fitch, del. etlith 



fc 



VmcentBrooksDayft S. 



Tab. 5837. 
GREVILLEA pbbissii. 

Preisss Grevillea. 



Nat. Ord. Proteace^e. — Tetrandria Monogtnia. 



Gen. Char. — Perigonium tetraphyllum v. quadripartitum, irregulare ; 
laciniis subspathulatis, secundis, revolutis. Antherce 4, laciniarum apicibus 
concavis immersae. Glandula hypogyna unica, dimidiata. Ovarium sessile v. 
stipitatum, uniloculare, biovulatum; stylus adscendens, stigmate obliquo 
depresso v. subverticali conico. Folliculus coriaceus v. ligneus, unilocu- 
laris, dispermus. Semina marginata v. apice brevissime alata. — Frutices v. 
arbores per omnem Novam Hollandiam observati, pabe dum adest medio affixa. 
Folia alterna, indivisa v. pinnatifida bipinnatifidaque, glandulis cutaneis hypo- 
genis v. rarius amphigenis. Spicse nunc elongates racemosce nunc abbreviated 
corymbosce v. fasciculiformes ; pedicellis germinatis, raro pluribus, paribus 
fasciculisve unibracteatis. Perigonium rubicundum v. fiavum, in nonnullis oblique 
insertum. — En dl. 



Grevillea Preissii ; ramulis tomentosis, foliis glabrescentibus subbipinnatis 
segmentis breviter filiformibus confertis subtus sulcatis, racemis termi- 
nalibus sessilibus multifloris patentibus secundis, perianthio glabriusculo 
apice revoluto, glandula hypogyna crassa depressa, ovario longe stipitato 
glabro stylo apice breviter clavato disco stigmatifero laterali, fblliculo 
turgido lasvi. — Benth. MSS. 

G-revillea Preissii, Meissner in DC. Prodr. v. 14, p. 371. 

I 



Amongst the many beautiful hard-wooded plants of Western 
Australia, none exceeds this for the elegance of its foliage 
and sparkling colour of its flowers, which are most copiously 
produced ; and it has further the advantage; not common to 
the other members of the genus, of being capable of successful 
cultivation in a small pot, which merit, together with its 
being a very early flowerer, will recommend it to the culti- 
vators of green-house plants. 

The seeds from which the plant was raised of which the ac- 
companying drawing was made, were presented to the Koyal 

mat 1st, 1870. 



Gardens with many others, by Mr. Du Boulay, of Perth, in 
South- Western Australia, and flowered in March of the 
present year. The species has been collected by Preiss, 
Drummond, and others, in the neighbourhood of Perth ; by 
Harvey between Swan river and King George's Sound ; and 
by Preiss in the neighbourhood of King George's Sound. 
There is also in F. Mueller's herbarium a small specimen 
gathered by Wiirth (a gardener) in the Murray desert of South 
Australia, near Lake Alexandrina. 

Descr. A shrub described by collectors as attaining three to 
five feet, with a spreading habit, the fine foliage of a pale green 
and slightly silky-tomentose, when young resembling that of 
southernwood. Leaves pinnate, with the lower pinnae usually 
again pinnate, the segments linear-terete, almost filiform, 
acute but neither rigid nor pungent, singly or doubly grooved 
underneath, the whole leaf from one to two inches long. 
Jtacemes terminal, sessile, spreading or recurved, one to one 
and a half inches long, the rhachis tomentose, the flowers 
numerous, secund, on pedicels of one to two lines. Perianth 
glabrous or sprinkled with a few hairs outside, bearded inside 
with short hairs above the middle, the tube or claws of the 
segments pink, about one-quarter inch long, attenuate above 
the middle and revolute under the globular reflexed greenish 
limb. Hypogynous gland broad, thick, but depressed, semi- 
circular. Ovary glabrous on a long stipes ; style long, filiform, 
thickened at the end with a small lateral stigma in the centre 
of an orbicular disk. Follicle turgid, glabrous and smooth, 
about one-half inch long. — Benth. 



Fig. 1, Portion of flowering, and 2, of fruiting raceme; 3, anthers :- 
but 2 magnified. 

i 




W fitch del etlith. 



, VmcentBrooks,DayASati.IrBp- 



Tab. 5838. 
CYCLONEMA myricoides. 

Myrica-like Cyclone/na. 



Nat. Ord. Verbenace^e. — Didtnamia Angiospermia. 



Gen. Char. — Calyx brevis, campanulatus, 5-fidus. Corolla irregularis, 
tubo reclinato, limbo insequaliter 5-partito subbilabiatim patente, lacinia 
postica resupinata cucullato-galeata, reliquis planiusculis. Stamina 4, 
didynama, corollas tubo inserta, longe exserta. filamentis adscendentibus 
basi subpaleaceo-hirsutis, aBstivatione intra galcaui circinato-convolutis ; 
antherae sagittato-ovataa, bilocularos, loculis introrsis parallelis rima hianti 
dehiscentibus. Ovarium 4-loculare, loculis uniovulatis ; stylus filiformis, 
stamina superans ; stigmate bifido. Drupa vix carnosa, tetrapyrena vel 
abortu mono- di- tripyrena, apice lobata, pyrenis distinctis unilocularibus, 
putamine pergamentaceo laavi. Semen crassum, oleosum, radicula infera 
brevi. — Frutices Africani. Folia opposita, simplicia. Corymbi axillares, 
pauciflori, trichotomi. 



Ctclonema myricoides ; ramulis angulatis cum pedunculis petiolis nervoque 
foliorum medio subtus puberulis, foliis oppositis lanceolato-vel obovato 
oblongis acuminatis in petiolum brevissimum attenuatis superne grosse 
serratis rarius integerrimis supra scabris subnitidis subtus opacis, cymis 
pedunculatis folium subajquantibus exsertisve paucifloris, calycibus longe; 
pedicellatis, tubo subgloboso, lobis obtusis. 

Cyclonema myricoides, Hochst. in Schimp. PI. Abyss., Nos. 330 and 1839 ; 
Schauer, in DC. Prodr. vol. ii. p. 675 

Spironema myricoides, Hochst. I. c. No. 330. 

Clerodendeon myricoides, R. Br. 1 in Salt's Voyage, Append., p. 64. 



A small stove shrub, which has long been in cultivation in 
the Palm-house at Kew, flowering annually in spring ; but 
how or from whom procured is not known. The genus to 
which it belongs, a very near ally, if not indeed identical 
with Clerodendron, is a native of tropical and subtropical 
Africa ; where C. myricoides extends from Abyssinia to 

may 1st, 1870. 



Natal; in the former country ascending to 7000 feet eleva- 
tion. A very similar, or probably identical species, has been 
collected by Consul Petherick on the banks of the White Nile, 
in lat. 7° to 8° N., and the C. serratum, Hochst. of Abyssinia, 
is probably another variety of it. 

Descr. A shrub, three to five feet high, with scattered 
angular branches ; which, together with the peduncles, 
petioles, and leaves beneath, are more or less pubescent. 
Leaves one and a half to three inches long, opposite or in 
whorls of three to four, subsessile or shortly petioled, lanceo- 
late or obovate or oblong-lanceolate, acuminate, more or 
less deeply obtusely or acutely toothed, rarely quite entire. 
Cymes fascicled in the axils of the leaves, trichotomous, loose ; 
branches slender, spreading, with a small leafy bract in the 
forks, and one or two minute bracteoles at the base of the short 
pedicel. Calyx-tube globose ; lobes broad, unequal, spreading, 
ovate, obtuse. Corolla-tube half an inch, pale pink; limb 
one and a half by one inch broad ; four upper lobes nearly 
equal, elliptic, obtuse, nearly white ; lower obovate-spathulate, 
much longer, blue ; mouth villous. Stamens curved ; fila- 
ments green ; anthers small red-brown. Ovary puberulous. 



Fig. 1, stamen; 2, calyx and ovary; 3, ovary; 4, transverse section 
of do. : — all magnified. 



■5839. 




"W FitAdeletMi 



VmcentBrooks.Day&SanM 1 



Tab. 5839. 

HERNANDIA mgerenhoutiana. 

Tahitian Hernandia. 



Nat. (3rd. Hernandiacejj:. — Moncecia Tkiandria. 



Gen. Char. — Flores monoici, intra involucrum tetraphyllum terni, laterales 
masculi, breviter pedicellati, nudi, intermedius femineus sessilis, calyculatus. 
Masc. Perigonium corollinurn, 6-10-partitum ; laciniis biseriatis, interioribus 
majoribus. Stamina 3-5, perigonii laciniis exterioribus opposita, filamentis 
brevibus erectis basi dilatatis glandulis pedicellatia stipatis ; antheraa bilo- 
culares, loculis connectivum latiusculum marginantibus, longitudinaliter 
extus valvis dehiscentibus. Fem. Perigonii tubus cylindricus v. urceolatus, 
limbi 8-10-partiti decidui laciniis biseriatis, exterioribus rudioribus. 
Stamina rudimentaria. Ovarium uniloculare ; stylus terminalis, simplex, 
apice clavatus, stigmate infundibuliforme v. discoideo ; ovulum unicum, ex 
apice cavitatis pendulum, anatropum. Drupa monosperma, octo-costata, 
testa Crustacea, rbaphe annulari ; embryo exalbuminosus, orthotropus; 
cotyledonibus maximis, lobatis, torulosis, radicula brevi supera. Arbores in 
Asia et America tropica indigent, excelsas, dense ramosce, foliosat ; rami* 
teretiusculis, sparsis. Folia alterna, petiolata, subpeltata, integerrima ; stipuhs 
nullis. Flores axillares corymbosi. 



Hernandia Marenhoutiana ; foliis coriaceis e basi rotundata ovali-oblongis 
v. ovato-cordatis obtusis 3-5-nerviis supra glabris subtus secus nervos 
basin versus villosulis, corymbo simplici cano-tomentoso, floribus masc. 
4-5-meris. 

Hernandia Moerenhoutiana, Guillem. Zephyrit. Taitens. in Ann. sc. not. 
2nd. ser. v. 7, p. 189 ; Meissn. in DC. Prodr. v. 15, pt. 1, p. 264. 



This very singular and little known plant has long been 
in cultivation in the Palm House of the Royal Gardens, and 
is a native of the Pacific Islands. It is closely allied to the 
well-known Hernandia sonora of the East and West Indian 
Islands, the juice of which has the property of destroying 
the hair without pain, when applied to the head ; and the 
light wood of which is used for floats for fishing nets, and is 
said to take fire from a flint and steel, like German tinder. 
The genus is of doubtful affinities ; being placed by some 

may 1st, 1870. 



near the order Laurinea, on account of the structure of its 
anthers, and by others near Combretacea, probably with better 
reason, from the structure of the ovary and fruit. The 
specimen here figured, flowered in the Eoyal Gardens in 
October, 1869. 

Descr. A small tree ; branches stout, glabrous, covered 
with the scars of fallen leaves and of axillary buds. Leaves 
alternate, coriaceous, long-petioled, three to five inches long, 
young elliptic, old broadly ovate-cordate, obtuse, quite entire, 
glabrous above, midrib and nerves beneath pilose ; petiole 
pilose when young, terete, one and a half to three inches long. 
Peduncles stout, axillary, equalling the leaves, nearly glabrous. 
Bracts one-third inch long, elliptic, obtuse, sometimes petio- 
late, densely pubescent on both surfaces, branches of corymb 
stout, one to one and a half inch long, few, spreading, densely 
pubescent. Involucral leaves like the bracts, and, together 
with the flowers, dirty yellow ; nearly half an inch long. 
Flowers three in each involucre, two males and one female. 
Male flower two-thirds inch diameter. Sepals four, rarely 
, five, obovate-oblong. Petals four to five, unequal, sometimes 
forming one irregular series with the sepals. Stamens four to 
five, each with one stipitate gland at its base ; filaments 
clavate. Female flower. Ovary sub-cylindric. Sepals five, 
elliptic, obtuse, deciduous. Petals as many, similar but 
smaller ; glands five, reniform, sessile, surrounding the base 
of the style ; which is short, swollen upwards, pubescent, and 
suddenly dilated into a reniform discoid stigma. — /. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Female flower; 2, ditto with calyx and corolla removed; 3, male 
flower with calyx and corolla removed ; 4 and 5, gland and stamen from the 
same : — all mannifieA 



same : — all magnified. 




>840 



W. Pitch, del eUith 



"Vincent Brooks .Day & Son. Iim 



Tab. 5840. 
MORMODES Colossus. 

Large-flowered Mormodes. 



Nat. Ord. Orghide^:. — Gynandria Monandria. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 5802.) 



Mormodes Colossus; pseudo-bulbo elongato vaginato, pedunculo inclinato 
robusto pedali, racemo aequilongo laxe 6-10-floro, sepalis petalisque 
consimilibus lanceolatis acuminatis marginibus recurvis roseis apicibus 
longe fiavis, labello subsigmoideo incurvo breviter unguiculato sub- 
rhombeo-ovato longe acuminata flavo basin et apicem versus punctis 
roseis consperso, marginibus revolutis, columna oblique incurva, anthera 
ovata cuspidata. 

Mormodes Colossus, Reichb. f. in Bot. Zeit., 1852, p. 636. Walp. Ann. 
v. vi. p. 581. 

M. macranthum, Lindl. in Paxt. Mag. v. iii. sub tab. 93. 



The genus Mormodes presents some of the most abnormal 
forms of flower that are to be found in the vegetable 
kingdom, and very little indeed is understood of their nature 
and functions. Some are, as Darwin has shown, sexual forms 
of widely different looking Orchids, and others are so variable 
that it is impossible to characterize them specifically. Under 
such circumstances nothing remains but to watch their 
growth, figure all the forms that appear, and wait for evidence 
as to their true position amongst the genera ( Catasetum, Gon- 
gora, Monacanthus, and Cgcnoches) with which they have the 
greatest affinity. 

The subject of the present plate was published almost 
simultaneously by Keichenbach fil. and Lindley. It is a 
native of the mountains of Central America, at elevations of 
about 7000 feet, and was introduced by Warscewicz in about 
IB 50 ; the specimen here figured flowered in Mr. Veitch's 
nursery in March of the present year. 
june 1st, 1870. 



Descr. Pseudobulbs six inches to a foot long, sub-terete, 
tapering upwards, clothed with broad brown appressed dis- 
tichous sheaths. Leaves elliptic-ovate, plaited, bright-green. 
Scape a foot long, very stout, terete, green ; sheaths short, 
triangular, appressed. Maceme a foot long, inclined, eight to 
ten-flowered, stout, flexuous ; bracts lanceolate, much shorter 
than the pedicels. Flowers spreading, five to six inches 
across the tips of the opposite sepals. Sepals and petals 
spreading or reflexed, narrow-lanceolate, with recurved mar- 
gins, gradually narrowed into acuminate tips; lower half 
pink, with darker parallel veins, thence bright yellow to the 
tips. Lip rather shorter than the sepals, shortly pedicelled, 
ovate-cordate or sub-rhomboid, with a long acuminate point, 
incurved, very convex, the margins revolute and meeting at 
the back, of a uniform bright yellow colour, sprinkled with 
pink dots towards the base and tip. Column green, arching, 
twisted to one side, so that the back of the anther is applied 
to the face of the lip. — /. 1). H. 



Fig, 1, Column and lip : — magnified. 



5841. 



I 



, 




mm ■ 



~v 






- 



.' -( 




Vincent Brook : 



Tab. 5841. 
PLECTRANTHUS coleoides. 

Coleus-Jlowered Plectranthus. 



Nat. Ord. Labiate. — Didynamia Gymnospermia. 



Gen. Char. — Calyx per anthesin campanulatus, 5-dentatus, dentibus 
asqualibus vel supremo majore, fructifer auctus, nunc declinatus, rectus 
incurvus vel inflatus, dentibus sequalibus vel varie bilabiatis ; nunc erectus, 
tubulosus vel campanulatus, aequaliter 5-dentatus. Corolla tube- exserto, 
basi supra gibbo vel calcarato, dein declinato defracto vel subrecto, fauce 
sequali vel rarius inflate ; labio superiore 3-4-fido; inferiore integro ssepius 
longiore concavo. Stamina 4, declinata, didynama, inferiora longiora ; 
filamentis liberis, edentulis ; antherse ovato-reniformes, loculis confluentibus 
vel rarius subdistinctis divaricatis. Stylus apice breviter bifidus, lobis 
subgequalibus subulatis, stigmatibus minutis terminalibua. — Herbas, suf- 
frutices, fruticesve Asiatici Australasici vel Africani, unicd specie etiam in 
Brasilia crescente. Racemi terminates, simplices vel ramosi. Verticillastri 
laxi, multijlori, cymis utrinque seepius evolutis, rarius in verticillastros densos 
contractis. — Benth. 



Plectranthus coleoides ; caule erecto subcarnoso puberulo, foliis petiolatis 
late ovato-cordatis crassiusculis puberulis floralibus deciduis, racemo 
paniculato, cymis utrinque multifloris, calycis fructiferi dente supremo 
ovato decurrente superioribus subulato-lanceolatis acutis, corollis calyce 
quadruplo longioribus tubo ad medium defracto fauce dilatato. 

Plectranthus ? coleoides, Benth in DC. Prodr., v. xii. p. 64. 



The subject of the present plate was raised from seeds sent 
to the Koyal Gardens from the Nilghiri Mountains by Mr. 
Batcock, of the Government Cinchona plantations, in 1862 ; 
it forms a handsome winter and spring flowering pot-plant 
in the Palm House, conspicuous for its ample foliage, spotted 
stems, and copious panicles of blue purple flowers. 

Descr. Stem, one to two feet, erect, obscurely 4-angled, 
green spotted with purple, pubescent above, as are the 

june 1st, 1870. 



petioles, leaves beneath and inflorescence. Leaves orbicular- 
cordate, obtuse, doubly-crenate, rugose above, two to five 
inches in diameter, lurid green. Inflorescence erect, three to 
ten inches long, subcylindric, peduncles and pedicels purplish. 
Flowering calyx small, pubescent, lobes very unequal, upper 
broadest and curved, the rest triangular- subulate. Corolla 
one-third of an inch in diameter ; tube much compressed, 
suddenly deflexed j upper lip short, broad, reflexed, 4-lobed, 
ciliate ; lower lip pendulous, boat-shaped, bearded within. 
Stamens included in the lower lip. — J. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Front and 2, side views of flower; 3, portion of corolla and 
stamens ; 4, disk and ovary : — all magnified. 



5842. 




h.del.ethth. 



Vmce n tBrboks,I)a.y£Son.Imp 



Tab. 5842. 
HECHTIA? Ghiesbreghtii. 

Ghiesbreghfs Hechtia. 



Nat. Ord. Bromeliace,e. — Hexandeia Trigynia. 



Gen. Char. — Flores diaeci. Masc. . . . Fem. Perigonii ima basi ovario 
mferne adnati sexpartiti lacinia? exteriores calycinse basi connatae, eequales, 
ovatae, concavse, erectae ; interiores corollinaj, libera?, exterioribus duplo 
longiores, ovato-lanceolatas, concavas, erects, basi nudse. Staminum rudi- 
menta 6, subulata, libera. Ovarium ima basi adnatum, pyramidali- 
trigonum. Stylus brevissimus ; stigmata 3, subulata, superne papillosa, 
patentia, demum erecto-subcontorta. Fructus ? — Herba mexicana, perennis ; 
caudice subnudo ; foliis congestis, subulato-linearibus, longissimis, crassis, 
serrato-spinosis, pungentibus, patenti recurvis ; scapo sexpedali, floribus parvis, 
in spicam compositam dispositis, sessilibus, patentibus, bracteis membranaceis, 
aridis, minutis suffultis. — Endl. 



Hechtia ? Ghiesbreghtii, foliis confertissimis rosulatis patenti-recurvis crasse 
coriaceis e basi lata sensim in apicem pungentem angustatis supra con- 
cavis enerviis viridibus ultra medium rubro-purpureis, marginibua 
breviter subremote spinoso-dentatis, subtus argenteis convexis linearis, 
scapis axillaribus gracillimis elongatis furfuraceis multi-bracteatis, 
floribus albis in fasciculos parvos remotos congestis, bracteolis minutis 
cucullatis. 

Hechtia? Ghiesbreghtii, Lemaire, V Illustration Horticole, v. x. p. 378. 



The genus Hechtia was originally founded by Klotzsch of 
Berlin in 1835, upon a female specimen of a very imperfectly 
known Mexican plant, respecting which nothing has subse- 
quently been published, and which would appear to differ 
from the plant here figured, in the wholly superior ovary 
and apparently unisexual flowers. To this genus the 1L 
Ghiesbreghtii was doubtfully added by Lemaire in the year 
1862, and described as having six subdidynamous stamens 
jcxe 1st, 1870. 



and abortive three- or more-celled ovaries, characters which 
are not obvious in the'Kew specimens. Under these circum- 
stances I can only assume, that if H. Ghiesbregldii be rightly 
referred to Heckiia, the latter is a polygamous genus liable 
to great variations in its ovary, and possibly identical with 
Dyckia. Indeed, the similarity of this plant to Dyckia is very 
striking, both in habit and floral characters ; but the latter 
genus has a wholly superior ovary, and many ovules in each 
cell. The order to which it belongs is, I think, clearly 
Bromeliacea. 

H. Ghiesbreghtii is a native of Mexico, introduced by M. 
Verschaffelt of Ghent, in 1S62, by the collector whose name 
it bears, and is a very attractive greenhouse plant, on account 
of its remarkably beautiful purple and green foliage, which is 
silvery below. The flowers, which appeared at Kew in July, 
smell of hawthorn, and are very insignificant indeed. 

Descr. Stem 0. Leaves ten to eighteen inches long, most 
densely crowded into a rosulate mass, strongly recurved and 
clasping the flower-pot all round, rigidly coriaceous, three- 
quarters to one and a quarter inch broad at the base, gradu- 
ally narrowed from thence to the rigid pungent tip ; margins 
beset with rather distant rigid spinous teeth ; upper surface 
bright green from the base to the middle, blood-red or purple 
from thence to the tip, under surface silvery grey. Scapes 
several, axillary, suberect, flexuous, very slender, scurfy, 
eighteen to twenty-four inches long ; bracts sheathing, acu- 
minate. Flowers white, one-third of an inch in diameter, 
sessile in rather distant capitate fascicles along the upper part 
of the scape; bracteoles minute, concave, scarious, yellow- 
brown. Sepals linear-oblong, obtuse, scurfy, erect, half as 
long as the corolla, inserted towards the base of the ovary. 
Corolla inserted towards the summit of the ovary, 3-lobed 
nearly to the base ; lobes rounded, spreading. Stamens six, 
sub-equal, inserted towards the base of the corolla, filaments 
broadly subulate; anthers oblong, apiculate. Ovary 3- 
celled, summit broadly conical ; styles three, short subulate ; 
ovules apparently one in each cell. — /. D. H. 



Fig. 1, reduced view of the plant; 2, leaf; and 3, portion of scape, both 
ot the natural size; 4, flowers and bracteole; 5, vertical section of ditto; 
6, stamen : — all magnified. 



5843, 




W Fitch, del. et lith 



Vincent Brooks, Dayton Imp 



Tab. 5843. 
MILTONIA Warscewiczii. 

M. Warscewicz s Miltonia. 



Nat. Ord. Orchide^;. — Gynandria Monandria. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 5572.) 



Miltonia Warscewiczii ; pseudobulbis 3-5-pollicaribus viridibus, foliia 
5-6-pollicaribus, panicula inclinata longe pedunculata multiflora, 
bracteis brevibus scariosis acuminatis, floribus lj poll, latis, sepalis 
petalisque obovato-spatbulatis undulato-crispatis, labello late sub- 
cuneato oblongo v. quadrato 2-lobo planiusculo basi obscure cristato 
et bidentato, columna brevissima purpurea. 

Miltonia Warscewiczii, Reichb. fil. Xen. Orchid, v. i. p. 132. — Gard. 
Chron., 1869, pp. 277 and 1067. 



This appears to be one of the most copious flowering 
species of Miltonia in cultivation ; it was discovered by 
Pueppig, in Peru, and has been collected by Warscewicz and 
others. It was flowered first by Mr. Linden of Brussels, 
whose specimens were described by Reichenbach, under the 
above name of Warscewiczii ; these, however, only bore six to 
eight flowers, but more recently as many as twenty to thirty 
have been produced, and as we find the same number in dried 
specimens, this must be regarded as the normal number. In 
this country it has flowered repeatedly within the last two 
years ; the flowers being, as I am informed, exceedingly 
variable in colour and markings. For the specimen here 
figured I am indebted to Mr. Bull, F.L.S., of Chelsea, from 
whose plant the drawing was made by Mr. Fitch, in March 
of the present year. 

Descr. Pseudcbulbs three to five inches long, one inch 
broad, green, much flattened. Leaves, linear-oblong, obtuse, 
bright pale-green, five to six inches long. Scape slender, in- 

jcne 1st, 1870. 



clined. Flowers very numerous, crowded on a branched 
nodding panicle, two inches long from the tip of the lip to 
that of the upper sepal ; bracts scarious, acuminate, much 
shorter than the ovary. Sepals and petals nearly equal and 
similar, obovate-spathulate, much waved and crisped, pale 
reddish-brown, fading into yellow at the tips. Lip oblong- 
quadrate or subcuneate, 2-lobed at the apex, margins recurved, 
obscure 3- to 5-keeled and 2-toothed at the very base ; mar- 
gins broadly white ; disk rose-purple, with a broad, pale, 
yellow-brown blotch below the middle, and a suborbicular 
white one at the base. Column very short, purple. — 
J.D.H. '' '• ' ' 



Fig. 1, Column and base of lip ; and 2, pollen-masses : — both magnified. 



6844. 




WRtch.del.etlnh 



Vincent Brooks.DayASon.lmp . 



Tab. 5844 
OPHRYS Speculum. 

Looking -glass Ophrys. 



Nat. Ord. Oechide^e. — Gynandbia Monandeia. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 5712.) 



Ophrys Speculum ; sepalis oblongis obtusis viridibus purpureo fasciatis, 
petalis minutistriangulari-Ianceolatis purpureisrecurvis,labello oblongo- 
quadrato valde convexo margine dense barbato medio v. altius 3-fido, 
segmentis lateralibus parvis, intermedio lato retuso, disco plaga glabra 
caerulea micante aureo-linibata notata, margine late rubro-castaneo, 
columna obtusa. 

Ophrys Speculum, Link, in Schrad. Diar. Bot. 1799, v. ii. p. 324. Reichb. 

Fl. Germ. Orchid, p. 80, t. 448. 
O. insectifera, var. Linn. Sp. PI. n. 949. 
O. vernixia, Brotero, Fl. Lus. p. 24. 
O. ciliata, Bivoni. Cent. 1, p. 60. 



Amongst the most attractive horticultural novelties of the 
Spring Exhibitions, during the last two years, have been the 
groups of terrestrial Orchids, for the most part collected in vari- 
ous parts of Europe, by His Royal Highness the Comte de 
Paris, and cultivated by him at Twickenham, and which are 
no less remarkable for "their botanical interest than for their 
beauty and the perfect condition of health to which they 
have been brought by very simple means and appliances. 
Many belong to the genus Ophrys and of these the subject 
of the preseut plate is one of the rarest and at the same time 
most curious ;—the brilliant polished surface of the disk of 
the lip, which shines like a blue-steel looking-glass, edged 
with gold, and that again set in a rich maroon velvety frame, 
presenting a combination of colours quite unlike anything 
else known to me in the vegetable kingdom. The species is 
jcne 1st, 1870. 



a native of grassy hills in Europe, south of the Alps, from 
Portugal and Spam to Greece, Turkey and Asia Minor, and 
it crosses the Mediterranean to the Algerian coast; like 
its congeners it varies much in the size of the flower, the 
form of the lip, and relative dimensions of the purple, gold, 
and blue markings ; the latter heing sometimes reduced to 
one or two spots. The specimens here figured flowered in a 
cool frame in the month of April, and were kindly commu- 
nicated by His Eoyal Highness for publication in the Botanical 
Magazine. For living specimens, the Eoyal Gardens are in- 
debted to J. T. Moggridge, Esq., E.L.S., who collected them 
in the neighbourhood of Mentone, and which flowered a few 
weeks after those here figured. 

Descr. Tubers globose. Leaves linear-oblong, acute, 
spreading. Stem four to twelve inches high, sheathed, 3- to 
6-flowered. Bracts one to one and half inch long, linear- 
oblong, erect, margins involute. Floicers one half to one inch 
from the base of the lip to the tip of the upper sepal. Sepals 
subequal, incurved, linear-oblong, green, with broad purple 
bands, but very variable in this respect ; lateral spreading ; 
dorsal arched. Petals very small, triangular-lanceolate, re- 
curved, dark purple or maroon-brown, very variable in size. 
Lip quadrate-oblong in general outline, very convex, margins 
recurved ; lateral lobes rounded, rarely extending beyond the 
middle ; mid-lobe large, broad, rounded, obscurely notched ; 
disk fteel-blue, very shining, with a golden edge ; margins 
broadly maroon-purple, velvety and fimbriate. Column short 
anther arched, subclavate, obtuse. — J. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Front, and 2, back view of flower : — both magnified. 



5845. 




Vincent Brooks. Day&Scm.Imp 



Tab. 5845. 

VAN DA Cathcarti. 

Mr. Cat/icarfs Vanda. 



Nat. Ord. Orchide^e. — Gynandria Monandria. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 5174.) 



Vanda Cathcarti; foliis lineari-oblongis planiusculis apice oblique 2-Iobis, 
lobis rotundatis, racemo subrecto laxo paucifloro foliis paulo longiore, 
floribus amplis, sepalis petalisque oblongo-rotuiulatis rabequalibus Kf- 
siJibua pallide flavidis brunneo creberrime transverse iasciolatis, labello 
breviter vmguiculato ambitu subrotundato lobia lateralibm tlbu au- 
ricula? formibus, lobo intermedio fiavo reniibrmi marginibus incurvis 
crenulatis, disco crasso 2-costato basi callis 2-ornato. 

Vanda Cathcarti, Lindl. Fol. Orchid. Vanda. p. 8. Hook. /. III. Himal, PL 
t. 23. 



By far the noblest species of the noble genus to which it 
belongs, and of which Dr. Lindley said when originally 
describing it, — " No more remarkable orchid has been found 
in Northern India." The flowers much exceed in size those 
of its congeners, and though less brilliant than many of 
these, are singularly rich in hue, owing to the colour 
number and disposition of the bright red brown transverse 
bars, the effect of which is not matched by any other known 
orchid. It is a rare native of hot damp shady valleys in the 
Eastern Himalaya, delighting in the neighbourhood of water- 
falls where exposed to constant humidity ; and has hitherto 
proved to be a very difficult plant to cultivate and propagate. 
It was discovered by myself in 1848, and transmitted to the 
Calcutta Botanic Gardens, where after flowering it was sent 
off to England, but did not survive the voyage. Repeated 
attempts have subsequently been made to introduce it with 
more or less success, and the honour of first flowering it in 
this country is I believe due to the Messrs. Veitch, whose 
July 1st, 1870. 



plant produced one flower in March of the present year. 
The plate here published is made up from this flower and the 
figure given in my illustrations of Himalayan plants, which is 
a faithful copy from a beautiful drawing (itself executed with 
the scrupulous fidelity of a Hindoo draughtsman), made in the 
Himalaya itself during my stay there, by a native artist 
employed at Darjeeling by my late friend Judge Cathcart. 
Comparing the colouring of the English-grown with the 
Himalayan flower, it will be seen that that of the native- 
grown plant is very much the finest, the bands being darker, 
more fulvous, and running more into one another, the lip 
and petals are however broader in Messrs. Veitch's flower, 
and rather larger. 

Dkscr. Stems one to two feet, terete, almost as thick as 
the little finger. Leaves distichous, falcate and recurved, 
linear-oblong, six to eight inches long, one and a quarter to 
one and a half inches broad, rather pale green, keeled, very 
unequally 2-lobed at the tip ; lobes rounded. Racemes 
lateral, rather longer than the leaves, stout, 3-6 -flowered, 
shortly peduncled. Bracts short, broad, sheathing. Ovary 
and pedicel together one inch long. Flowers two and a half 
inches diameter, nearly orbicular in outline. Sepals and 
petals subequal and similar, broadly orbicular-oblong, con- 
cave, rounded at the tip, very coriaceous, pale straw-coloured, 
transversely streaked with innumerable wavy often confluent 
red-brown bands. Lip smaller than the petals, very shortly 
clawed, 3-lobed ; lateral lobes small, white with red streaks 
at the base, subquadrate, incurved ; mid-lobe reniform, 
margin white, obscurely crenate or crisped, centre exceed- 
ingly thick with a crenate border, yellow ; disk of lip with 
two erect truncate calli near the base. Column very stout, 
white, scarlet at the tip below the yellow anther.— J. D. H. 



Kg. 1, hp ; 2, column; 3, pollinia,— all magnified; 4, fruit (copied from 
the Illustrations of Himalayan Plants)— of the nat. size. 



5846. 




W Fitrh del et hth 



Vincent Brooks, Day ASan Imp 



Tab. 5846. 
DRACLENA CYLINDRICA. 

Cylindric-spihed Dracaena. 



Nat. Ord. ASPARAGINASE. HEXANDRIA MoNOGTNIA. 

Gen. Char. ( Vide supra, Tab. 5248.) 



Dracena cylindrica ; caule erecto indiviso folioso, foliis sursum gradatim 
majoribus patenti-recurvis e petiolo lato obovato-lanceolatis abrupte 
acuminatis, nervis obscuris, spica sessili terminali amentiformi densa 
cylindrica obtusa, bracteis ovato-lanceolatis acuminatis tubum angustum 
perianthii tequantibus, pedicello brevi apice tumido, perianthii laciriis 
anguste linearibus albis recurvis filamenta medio paulo incrassiita 
requantibus, antheris parvis flavis, stylo gracillimo, stigmate obscure 3- 
lobo. A 



Very closely allied to Dracaena bicolor (Tab. nost. 5248) but 
a far handsomer plant, three to five feet high, with a strict 
erect trunk, bearing a profusion of spreading and recurved 
leaves, which becoming gradually larger upwards give it 
a very noble appearance ; the leaves are further much larger 
and more obovate than in B. bicolor, with broader petioles, 
and the dense terminal spike is much larger, sessile, quite 
amentiform. The pedicel of the flower and its tube are 
more slender, as are the perianth-segments; the bracts, 
stamens, and ovary are similar in both. 

D. cylindrica is a native of the Old Calabar Eiver, on the 
West Coast of Tropical Africa, where it was discovered by 
Mr. Gustav Mann, when collector for the Eoyal Gardens, the 
most successful botanical explorer who ever visited the mala- 
rious West Coast of Africa, and who is now an assistant con- 
servator of Forests in Bhotan, under the Indian Govern- 
ment. It was subsequently found by that zealous and 
enlightened missionary, the Eev. W. C. Thomson, m the 
same district, by whom it was introduced into the Roval 
july 1st, 1870. 



Botanical Garden of Edinburgh, to which Kew is indebted 
for the magnificent specimen here figured. 

Desce. Stem erect, three to five feet high, slender, one 
inch diameter at the naked base, leafy upwards, simple. 
Leaves clothing the stem, gradually larger upwards, imbri- 
cated all round, sheaths concealing the stem, uppermost 
seven to ten inches long, all linear- or obovate-lanceolate, 
spreading and reflexed, narrowed into broad petioles which 
are three to four inches long, pale bright green, rather paler 
below, a little waved, acuminate, points with an almost fili- 
form mucro ; nerves obsolete when fresh, faint and parallel 
when dry. Spike terminal, solitary, sessile, erect, cyhndric, 
three to seven inches long, obtuse, most dense-flowered ; bracts 
red or purple-brown ; flowers white. Bracts ovate-lanceolate, 
acute, as long as the perianth-tube, bracteoles subulate- 
lanceolate. Perianth on a short slender pedicel; tube slender, 
cylindric, one inch long, obscurely dilated at the base ; seg- 
ments one-third shorter than the tube, narrow-linear, obtuse, 
concave. Stamens equalling the perianth -segment, filaments 
straight, slightly thickened in the middle ; anthers small, 
oblong, yellow. Ovary small, narrow-ovoid; style very 
slender, stigma capitate, three-lobed. — /. D. H. 



Fig. 1, reduced figure of entire plant ; 2, flower and bracts; 3, leaf; both 
of natural size : 4, flowers and bracteoles; 5, stamens; 6, ovary: — all 
magnified. 



5847. 




Fitch. deL.etlith. 



Vmo en tBrootaJ)ay* SonIoP 



Tab. 5847. 
iris iberica. 

Iberian Iris. 

Nat. Ord. Iridej:. — Triandria Trigtnia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 5298.) 



Iris (Oncocyclus) ib erica ; caule brevi 1-floro, foliis conduplicatis lineari- 
ensiformibus recurvis, spathae diphyllae foliolis subherbaceis acuminatis 
perianthii tubum subaequantibus, perianthii laciniis subaqualibua amplis 
subrotundatis obtusis, interioribus abrupte deflexis coriaceis coloratis 
marginibus recurvis, exterioribus erectis albis margine subundulatis, 
stigmatibus defiexis obovato-oblongis 2-fidis lobis brevibua recurvis 
dentatis. 

Iris iberica, Hoffm. in Coram.. Soc. Phys. Mosc. i. p. 41. Ledeb. Fl. Ross. v. 
4. p. 105. M. Bieb. Fl. Taur. Cauc. v. i. p. 30. Regel Gartenfi. v. 
12, p. 3, t. 386, f. i. 2. 

Oncocyclus ibericus, Siemssen ; Klatt. in Linncsa v. 34, p. 580. 



A more singular looking plant than the subject of this 
plate seldom falls under observation in a living state, its 
dwarf habit, gigantic flower, great snow-white erect outer 
perianth leaves, the equally large strangely coloured inner 
perianth, and the deflexed stigmas with shining black purple 
humped bases, the two latter organs resembling some great 
insect, make up a flower of singular oddity and beauty 
too. We have referred it to the Iris iberica of Hoffman, with 
dried specimens of which it entirely agrees. It differs, how- 
ever, from the plant figured by Dr. Eegel in the Gartenflora 
under this name, in the obtuseness and colour of the inner 
perianth-segments, which are represented as ochreous-brown, 
and as wanting the polished almost black disk and marbled 
edges of our plant ; the colour of these organs is however 
described as being excessively variable, and as ochreous- 
yellow in his var. ochreacea. Klatt refers the /. taurica of 
jlly 1st, 1870. 



Loddige's Botanical Cabinet to this species, but I know not 
on what authority beyond Loddige's figure, which is ex- 
tremely unlike this plant. Iris iberica is a native of the 
Iberian provinces of the Caucasus, and of Imeretia (not of 
the Iberian Peninsula) and extends into Cilicia, Kurdistan, 
and probably Persia, inhabiting mountains of 6500 feet high. 
The magnificent specimen here figured was. sent for publica- 
tion by Mr. Ware, of the Hale Farm Nurseries, Tottenham, 
with whom it flowered in May of the present year. 

Descr. Rootstock tufted. Stem three to six inches high, 
leafy. leaves glaucous, shorter than the stem, much re- 
curved, falcate or re volute, linear-ensifbrm, two to four inches 
long, one quarter to three quarters in diameter, margins flat 
or wrinkled, membranous, as are the sheaths. Spathes two, 
ovate-lanceolate, rather longer or shorter than the perianth- 
tube, membranous except at the base. Flower solitary, very 
large, three to five inches from the tip of the reflexed to that 
of the erect perianth-segments, and two to three across the 
former. Outer perianth-segments erect, orbicular, subcordate 
at the base, white, undulate, with a few red spots towards the 
base on the inner surface ; inner segments deflexed, broadly 
oblong, rounded at the tip, concave with entire recurved mar- 
gins, yellow-green, covered with wrinkled dark-purple reticulate 
narrow bands : disk depressed, black-purple, shining. Stigmas 
reflexed on the disk of the inner perianth-segments, obovate- 
oblong, keeled, with broad 2-fid recurved toothed tips, dull 
yellow mottled with red-brown; convex base black-purple 
and shining — J. D. H. 



5848. 




at lith 



Vincent 



Broote.Day&Son,Imp 



Tab. 5848. 
ANTHUEIUM ornatum. 

White-spathed Anthurium. 



Nat. Ord. Orontiace^:. — Tetrandeia MonogyNia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide mpra, Tab. 5319.) 



Anthurium ornatvm; caudice brevissimo, petiolis gracilibus teretibus basi 
incrassatis breviter vaginantibus, geniculo elongato subcylindrico, 
lamina ovato- v. oblongo-cOrdata abrupte. acuminata concava utrinque 
viridia sinir profundo, cbstis 7-14 intimis ■etectis lateralibus arcuatis, 
auriculis ovatis v. rotundatis, pedunculo gracili cylindrico viridi, 
spatba 5- 7-pollicari nivea e basi ovato-cordata oblonga abrupte acu- 
minata, spadice purpureo breviter stipitato spatha subaequilongo, peri- 
anthii segmentis subquadratis apice truncatis, ovario ovoideo medio sub- 
constricto, stigmate parvo disciformi. 

Anthcrium ornatum, Schott in Oesterr. B. Wochenbl. 1857, p. 294, ex 
Prodr. Syst. Avoid, p. 499. 



This tropical aroid, conspicuous for its ample foliage, snow- 
white spathes, and fine purple spadices, has been long culti- 
vated in the Royal Gardens, and appears to be the same with 
the Anthurium ornatum of Schott, discovered in Venezuela by 
Linden in 1842, and again gathered by Fendler in 1854-5. 
The leaf varies much in size, often attaining one to one and 
a half feet in length, and in the form, depth, and amount of 
divergence of the basal lobes. The specimen here figured 
was from the rich collection of Mr. William Saunders, F.R.S., 
and flowered in April of the preceding year. 

Descr. Stem 0, or very short indeed. Petioles one and a 
half to two and a half feet long, slender, rigid, cylindric, 
green ; swollen at the base into an ovoid, very coriaceous 
sheath, with a narrow slit in front, and at the lip into a cylin- 
dric green node one to two inches long. Blade one to one 
and a half feet long, ovate-cordate, acuminate, bright-green on 

july 1st, 1870. 



both surfaces, coriaceous, opaque, basal lobes parallel with a 
narrow or diverging with an open sinus ; principal nerves 
seven to nine, radiating from the top of the petiole. Scape 
about equalling the petiole, terete, green, slender. Spathe 
five to six inches long, one to one and a half broad, linear- 
oblong from a cordate amplexicaul base, spreading, convex, 
with slightly recurved margin, suddenly acuminate, rather 
thickly coriaceous ; nerves obscure. Spadix about equalling 
the spathe, on a short green stipe, slender, cylindric, dark- 
purple, dotted with the white stigmas. Perianth-segments 
quadrate, with truncate thickened quadrate tops, almost 
forming trapezoids. Stamens concealed, filament very short 
and broad ; anther-cells broad. Ovary oblong-ovoid, constricted 
at the middle, upper part solid, lower two-celled, cells two- 
ovuled ; stigma discoid, white, sessile. — /. D. H. 



Fig. 1, flower viewed from above; 2, the same viewed laterally; 3, sta- 
men and ovary ; 4, longitudinal ; and 5, transverse section of ovary : — all 
magnified. 



5849. 







W.Titch.deletkh 



YincentBrooks.Da.y&Son Imp 



Tab. 5849. 
SAXIFRAGA aretioides. 

Aretia-like Saxifrage. 



Nat. Ord. Saxifrages. — Decandria Digynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 5377.) 



Saxieraga (Aizonia) aretioides ; dense csespitosa, caulibus pedunculis calyci- 
busque glanduloso-viscidulis, foliis alternis sessilibus coriaceis glaucis, 
rosularum lineari-spathulatis subtriquetris, caulinis Knearibus obtusis 
integerrimis glanduloso-ciliatis, floribus corymbosis densis, calycis 
laciniis ovatis obtusis petalis obovatis luteis brevioribus. 

Saxifraga aretioides, Lapeyrouse Fl. Pyr. t. 13. DC. & Duby, Bot. Gall. v. 1, 
p. 208. DC. Prodr. v. 4, p. 21. Flore Franc, v. 4, p. 362. 



A pretty perennial-leafed hardy Saxifrage, a native of 
crevices of rocks in the Pyrenees, and apparently confined to 
that mountain range, but closely allied to S. diapensoides, S. 
casta, and others of the same group, which extends from the 
Spanish Alps to the mountains of Turkey and N. India. 
The habit is very much that of various species of tufted 
Alpine Androsace (Aretia L.), but the persistent foliage and 
the facility with which it may be propagated renders it a far 
more eligible rockwork plant than these. The specimen 
here figured flowered in the Koyal Gardens in April of the 
present year, and has been long in cultivation there, the 
record of their introducer being lost. 

Descr. Moot long, slender, burrowing in the crevices of 
rocks, branching and bearing a profusion of short tufted 
leafy branchlets half an inch to one inch long. Leaves 
densely imbricate and revolute at the top of the branches, one 
sixth of an inch to one quarter of an inch long, thickly cori- 
aceous or cartilaginous, glaucous, linear-oblong from an 
ovate base, obtuse, glandular-ciliate, furnished on the upper 

JL'LY 1st, 1870. 



surface with several submarginal pores. Flowering -stems 
very numerous, one quarter to half an inch long, erect, 
stout, leafy, 1 -flowered, covered with linear-oblong erect 
leaves, and as well as the flowering stem and calyx vis- 
cidly glandular. Floicer erect, half an inch diameter. 
Calyx-tube hemispherical, adnate to the base of the ovary ; 
segments short, ovate, obtuse. Petals obovate-spathulate, 
yellow, spreading, emarginate. Stamens yellow. Ovary 
short; styles stout, conical, stigmas capitate subentire. — 
/. D. IT. 



Fig. 1, leaf; 2, flower; 3, ovary and base of calyx : — all magnified. 



5850 




W. Fitch, del .ethth 



Vincent Brooks .Day & San,Imp 



Tab. 5850. 
TILLANDSIA Lindeniana.. 

M. Lindens Tillandsia. 



Nat. Ord. BiiOMELiACEiE. — Hexandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 5229.) 



Tillandsia (Wallisia) Lindeniana ; foliis radicalibus confertis patenti-re- 
curvis e basi lata ensiformi-subulatis supra glaberrimis subtus punctato- 
lepidotis integerrimis, caulinis brevibus erectis imbricatis spathaceis 
ovato-lanceolatis acutis, spica lanceolata disticha multiflora bracteis 
ovato-cymbifbrmibus subacutis, floribus' magnis, sepalis elliptico- 
lanceolatis, petalorum limbo suborbiculari azureo basi ungueque albido, 
staminibus inclusis, stigmatis lobis erectis cohaerentibus, ovulis in 
placentis multiseriatis. 

Tillandsia (Wallisia) Lindeniana, Regel, Gartenflora, 1869, p. 193, t. 619; 
Gvrd. Chron. 1870, p. 859, cum ic. xylog. 

Tillandsia Lindeni ; Morren, Belgiqve Hortic. 



This very handsome Brazilian Tillandsia appears to have 
been introduced by M. Linden from Brazil into Europe, 
through Mr. AVallis, and published almost simultaneously by 
Dr. Begel, of St. Petersburgh, under the name of Tillandsia 
Lindeniana, and by Professor Morren, of Liege, under 
that of Tillandsia Lindeni. It is the largest flowered species 
of the genus known to me, and very remarkable for the 
curiously soft texture and hue of the deep violet-blue petals ; 
the colour of which melts into a pure white at the base of 

the blade. . _ r 

The specimen here figured was communicated by Mr. 

Ware, of the Hall Farm Nurseries, Tottenham, with whom 

it flowered in May of the present year; and it is stated in 

the Gardener's Chronicle to have been shown by Mr. Williams 

august 1st, 1870. 



at a meeting of the Floral Committee of the Royal Horti- 
cultural Society. 

Descr. Leaves crowded at the base of the stem, spreading 
on all sides, and recurved, one to one and a half feet long, 
one to one and a half inches broad at the sheathing base, 
thence tapering to the subulate point; channelled on the 
pale opaque green nice ; convex on the minutely lepidote 
back ; dull red-purple towards the base, and obscurely so 
along the veins ; margins quite entire. Scape erect, one to 
one and a half feet high, rarely short, clothed with subdis- 
tichous, sheathing, green, erect, convolute, ovate, acuminate 
bracts one and a half to two inches long. Spike four to six 
inches long by one inch and a half broad, elliptic-lanceolate. 
Bracts distichous, closely imbricate, about ten pairs, boat- 
shaped, green, with flattened pink sides, subacute. Flowers 
two to five opening at once, two inches in diameter. 
Sepals linear-lanceolate. Petals violet-blue, with white 
claws and base of the limb, which is obovate-orbicular, 
apiculate ; margins recurved ; claws white, slender, free. 
Stamens included, in pairs opposite the claws of the petals ; 
filaments linear, flattened 5 anthers small, linear-hastate, as 
narrow as the filaments. Ovary much shorter than the 
stamens, narrow ovoid ; style as long ; stigmas three, 
linear, erect, coherent ; ovules numerous, in many series in 
each cell. — /. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Claw of petal and stamens; 2, ovary; 3, transverse section of 

ttO : nil mnnni 'fieri 



ditto : — all magnified. 



5851. 




Vincent Brooks.Da.7&Scn.lTnp 



Tab. 5851. 

CYMBIDIUM CANALICULATUM. 

Channelled-leaved Cymbidium. 



Nat. Ord. Orchide^e. — Gynandria Monandria. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 5457.) 



Cymbidium canaliculatum ; caulibus brevibus compressis, foliis lineari- 
elongatis acutis carinatis, scapis axillaribus basi paucibracteatis, racemia 
multifloris, perianthii parvi patentis foliolis subaequalibus elliptico- 
oblongis obtusis v. subacutis crasse coriaceis intus brunneis viridi- 
marginatis, labello sepalis breviore 3-lobo, lobis lateralibus parvis, 
intermedio ovato albo roseo-maculato basi obscure 2-carinato. 

Cymbidium canaliculatum, Br. Prod. p. 331. Lindl. Gen. and Sp. Orchid. 
p. 164. Mueller, Fragment, v. 5, p. 95. 



A native of Cape York, in North Eastern tropical Australia, 
where it was collected by Robert Brown in the beginning 
of the century, and again by Mr. John Veitch, F.L.S., who 
sent it to England during his collecting voyage to Australia 
and the Western Pacific, which resulted in the making known 
of so many interesting plants and beautiful horticultural 
novelties. Mr. Veitch's specimen appears to differ a little from 
the description of Brown's plant in the more obtuse perianth- 
leaves, and in the lip being 3-lobed at the middle rather than 
the apex. After carefully comparing the flower, however, 
with excellent specimens of those of C. canaliculatum, sent 
by Dr. Mueller from Arnheim's Land, by Oldtield from 
Hunter's River, New South Wales, and from subtropical 
Australia, collected by Bidwill, I find it impossible to 
establish any satisfactory character whereby to distinguish 
them. A more obvious point of difference is the much larger 
bracts of the Arnheim's and Hunter's Liver plants; but 
these are as small in Bidwill's specimen as in Mr. Veitch's. 
august 1st, 1870. 



This plant would thus seem to be variable, and to have a 
very wide range in distribution, from the temperate climate of 
Hunter's River, in lat. 33° S., to the torrid and arid shores 
of Arnheim's Land, in 13° N., and Cooper's Creek in 
Central Australia, in which latter localities Mueller states 
that it is the only known orchid. 

The specimen here figured flowered in Messrs. Veitclr's 
nursery in April, 1870. 

Descr. Stems almost pseudo -bulbous, one to three inches 
long, clothed with leaf-sheaths. Leaves four to twelve 
inches long, half to one inch broad, exactly linear, acute, 
keeled, ribbed when dry. Scape and raceme as long as the 
leaf, pendulous, laxly many-flowered ; bracts minute or 
rather large, one tenth to one third of an inch long, scarious 
when dry, when fresh appressed to the pedicel ; pedicels very 
slender, together wilh the short ovary one inch long. Flowers 
coriaceous, two-thirds of an inch diameter ; perianth-segments 
thickly coriaceous, spreading, inner rather smaller, elliptic- 
oblong, subacute, concave, brown with green margins, back 
• greenish-brown, inner deeper coloured. Lip shorter than the 
petals, recurved, white with pinkish blotches, 3-lobed at 
the middle, lateral lobes narrow and small ; mid-lobe ovate 
subacute ; base between the lateral lobes with two low 
ridges. Column shorter than the lip, white blotched with 
purple. — /. D. R. 



Fig. 1, column; 2, lip : — both magnified. 



5852 



-' <7T. mil 



i4 




Wm 







f^x^C: 








Tab. 5852. 

MALOPE MALACOIDES. 
Barbary Bastard Mallow. 



Nat. Ord. Malvaceae. — Monadelphia Polyandeia. 



Gen. Char. — Bracteolce 3, distinctse. Calyx 5-fidus. Columna staminea 
usque ad apicem in filamenta oo divisa. Ovarii loculi oo, 1-ovulati ; styli 
rami totidem, filiformes, intus longitudinaliter stigmatosi. Carpella matura 
distincta, supra receptaculum globosum irregulariter capitato-congesta, 
indehiscentia, a receptaculo secedentia. Semen adscendens. — Herbae 
regionis mediterranece incolce, annuce v. biennes, glabrae v. pilosce. Folia Integra 
v. S-Jida. Flores pedunculati, smpius speciosi, violacei v. rosei. Bracteolae 
ample cordatce. 



Malope malacoides ; pilosa, caule prostrate, ramus adscendentibus, foliis petio- 
latis elliptico-oblongis ovatisve subacutis v. obtusis basi cuneatis v. 
subcordatis crenulatis sinuatis v. subpinnatifidis glabris, petiolo pilosulo, 
stipulis lineari-oblougis, pedunculis axillaribus 1-floris, floribus amplis. 

Malope malacoides, Willd. Sp. PL v. iii. p. 799. — Ait. Hort. Kew. ed. II. 
v. iv. p. 121. — Cavanill. Diss. ii. p. 84, t. 27, f. 1. — Reich. Fl. Germ. 
v. v. t. 165.— DC. Prod. v. i. p. 429. 



It is remarkable that so very elegant a plant as this, and 
one introduced into England as long ago as 1710, should 
never yet have been figured in any English work, and indeed 
almost fallen out of cultivation. It is a native of the South of 
France, Spain, Italy, Greece, and Asia Minor, and of Morocco 
in North-west Africa. From the latter country we received 
seeds from our active and liberal correspondent, Mr. Maw, 
who collected them in a botanical excursion to Spain and 
Tetuan in 1869, which resulted in the introduction into 
Europe of many charming hardy plants, including Linaria 
tristis (Tab. 5827), and Cotyledon Salzmanni (Tab. 580J ). The 

AUGUST 1st, 1870. 



species is biennial, and best kept in a frame during winter 
and planted out in summer. 

Descr. Boot small, woody, biennial. Steins one to two 
feet long, prostrate and ascending, slender, straggling, terete, 
clothed sparsely with spreading hairs. Leaves alternate, 
petiole very slender, one to two inches long, and as well as 
the nerves beneath hairy like the stem ; stipules green, 
small, linear- or oblong-lanceolate ; blade very variable, one to 
two and a half inches long, half to one inch broad, oblong or 
elliptic, or broadly ovate, obtuse, rounded or subacute at the 
tip, cuneate, rounded or cordate at the base, serrate, crenate 
or sinuate-subpinnatifld on the margin. Flowers two to two 
and a half inches diameter, axillary, solitary, pedicels longer 
than the leaves, and calyx hairy or hispid. Bracts cordate. 
Calyx-lobes elliptic-lanceolate, acuminate, ciliate. Petals 
obovate, rose-pink, notched at the truncate or retuse apex. 
Anthers very numerous, small, yellow. Ovary-lobes nume- 
rous, minute ; stigmas capillary, purple. — /. B. H. 



Fig. 1. Ovary with style and stigmas. 



5853. 




' 



V'. M 






"W Fitch, del. et lwli. 



VincentBroote Day& Sonjmp 



Tab. 5853. 
ERITRICHIUM nanum. 

Dwarf Alpine Eritrichium. 



Nat. Ord. Borragine^e. — Pentandria Monogynia. 



Gen. Char. — Calyx 5-partitus. Corolla hypocraterimorpha, fauce fornicibus 
parvis obtusis olausa. Genitalia inclusa. Nuculm 4, triquetral, prope basin 
lateraliter adfixse, basi imperforatae, areola insertionis sublaterali minuta, 
punctiformi, antice plana?, angulis lgevibus aut rarius crenatis. — Herbae 
pier -unique annua, regionibus temperatis frigidisque hemispheric borealis incola. 
Folia integra, scepius alterna. Flore racemoso-spicati, ebracteati, scepe minimi, 
raeemis lateralibus aut ex axilla folii. Corolla scepius alba aut cairulea. DC. 
Prod., v. x. p. 122. 



Eritrichium nanum ; humile, dense casspitosum, pilis longis sericeis cano- 
sericeum, foliis densissiine confertis obtusis obovato-oblongis sessilibus, 
floribus breviter racemosis v. ad apices ramulorum subsolitariis et 
subsessilibus, calycis lobis lineari-oblongis obtusis, corolla? tubum aequan- 
tibus, corollas intense azurese lobis orbiculatis sinubus appendiculatis, 
nuculis ovatis ad angulos laterales pectinatis. 

Eritrichium nanum, Schrad. Diss. Asperif. in Comm. Goett. v. iv. p. 186 ; 
Koch. Fl. Germ. p. 505; A. DC. in DC. Prod. v. x. p. 124; Reichb. 
Fl. Germ. t. 1325. 

Myosotis nana, Vill. Dauph. v. ii. p. 459, t. 13. 



To the skill and energy of Mr. Backhouse of York, is due 
the credit of being the first to rear to perfection the most 
brilliant of all of those diminutive alpine gems, which 
inhabit the loftiest summits of the European mountains. 
In intensity of colour the blue of Eritrichium nanum is 
equalled only by that of the Alpine gentians, whilst it is of 
a much more azure hue than any of these, approaching most 
nearly to the deepest blue of the sky, at a point of the 
heavens opposite the sun's position, as seen on a cloudless 

august 1st, 1870. 



day from the elevation the plant itself inhabits. This 
species is found along the whole range of the Alps, from the 
South of France to Carniola, always growing in stony places 
fed by snow rills, at elevations from six to twelve thousand 
feet ; thus attaining a locality equal to or exceeding that of 
any other European dicotyledonous plant. Mr. Backhouse's 
specimens, from which the accompanying drawing was taken, 
flowered in May of the present year. 

Descr. Densely tufted, forming hoary patches starred with 
azure-blue flowers. Stems very short, and leaves and calyces 
clothed with rather silky white hairs. Leaves one quarter to one 
third of an inch long, sessile, linear-obovate or oblong, obtuse, 
concave, ciliated with long white hairs. Flowers almost soli- 
tary or in short few-flowered terminal racemes, one quarter of 
an inch diameter, very shortly pedicelled, pinkish-purple 
before expansion. Calyx-lobes linear- oblong, obtuse, equalling 
the short corolla-tubes. Corolla-lobes orbicular, with a raised 
tooth at the sinus, concave, brilliant azure blue, with a yel- 
lowish eye, throat with five two-lobed pubescent transverse 
swellings. Stamens wholly included. Ovary-lobes with 
thickened sides. Styles included ; stigma simple. — /. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Leaf; 2, flower; 3, corolla laid open ; 4, portion of calyx and 
young fruit : — all magnified. 




W Rui 






Tab. 5854 
ASIMINA TRILOBA. 

North American Papaw or Custard Apple. 



Nat. Ord. Anonace^. — Polyandria Polygynia. 



Gen. Char. — >Sepala 3, ovata, valvata. Petala 6, biseriatim valvata, mox 
aperta et producta, sub&qualia v. interiora minora. Stamina oo, lineari- 
cuneata, connectivo ultra loculog dorsales discretos pulvinato-dilatato. 
Torus subglobosug. Carpella 3-15, stylo oblongo intus stigmatoso, ovulis oo 
biserialibus. Baccm oblongae, crassae, inter semina haud conatricta?. 
Semina arillo membranaceo-succoso inclusa. — Frutices v. arbores parvce, 
America? borealis incolce. Folia decidua, pennivenia. Flores laterales v. 
axillares, solitarii, breviter pedunculati, nutantes. Fructus magnus. 



Asimina triloba ; foliis membranaceis obovato-oblongis lanceolatisve abrupte 
acuminatis, junioribus ferrugineo-tomentosis cito glabratis, floribus 
cum foliis coetaneia solitariis subsessilibus, petalis ovato-rotundatis 
luride purpureis venoais, exterioribus sepalis bis terve superantibus, 
carpellis maturis breviter cylindricis. 

Asimina triloba, DunaL Anonac. p. 83. DC. Syst. Veg. vol. i. p. 479.— 
Prod. vol. i. p. 87. A. Gray, III. Gen. N. Am. PL vol. i. p. 67, t. 26 
and 27. 

Uvaria triloba. Tor. and Gr. FL N. Am. vol. i. p. 45. 

Okchidocarpa arietinum, Mich. FL i. p. 329. 

Anona triloba, Linn. Sp. PL p. 578. Schkuhr, Handb. vol. i. p. 95, t 149. 

Michaux, Arb. Amer. vol. v. p. 161, t. 9. Poit. and Turp. Arbr. 

Fruit, p. 54. 



A very curious plant, and rare in cultivation, a native of 
the banks of streams in the Middle, Southern, and Western 
States of 1ST. America, where it forms a small tree, fifteen to 
thirty feet high, flowering in March and April; and bearing 
in Autumn a yellow, fragrant, fleshy, eatable fruit called 
both " Custard Apple/' and "Papaw" in the States, (though 
equally widely different from the fruit of the Custard Apple 

AUGUST 1st, 1870. 



proper, Anona reticulata, and of the true Papaw, Carica 
Papaya.) " Asiminier," was the name applied to it by the 
early French colonists of America. 

Asimina triloba was introduced into England by Peter 
Collinson in 1736, and probably old trees of it may still 
linger in Botanic and other Gardens. The plate here given 
is from plants raised from seeds presented to the Royal 
Gardens by Professor A. Gray, of Cambridge, U.S.A., which 
were trained against a wall, and flowered in June of the 
present year. 

Descr. A small deciduous-leaved shrub or small tree, with 
dark brown bark and foetid wood. Leaves six to twelve 
inches long, very membranous, shortly petioled, obovate or 
oblong-lanceolate, abruptly acuminate, slightly pubescent 
beneath, young buds covered with shining ferruginous pu- 
bescence, nerves slender, spreading. Flowers appearing with 
the young leaves, but from separate buds, solitary, shortly 
peduncled, drooping, two inches diameter, young clothed 
with small deciduous scales ; peduncle cylindric, one inch long. 
Sepals three, broadly ovate obtuse or orbicular, concave, de- 
ciduous, green. Outer petals two or three times as long as the 
sepals, twice as long as the inner, broadly ovate, spreading, 
and recurved, obtuse, green at first and crumpled, then dull 
brown, deeply reticulated and rugose ; inner similar, with a 
yellowish interrupted band across the middle. Stamens in a 
globose mass on the torus, minute, yellow. Ovaries five, green. 
Fruit of one to three cylindric berries, two to five inches long. 
Seeds one inch long, oblong, compressed, imbedded in a fleshy 
aril ; testa crustaceous, shining. — /. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Flower with petals removed; 2, torus and ovaries; 3, stamen; 
4, fruit : all but f. 4 magnified. 




Vir.centBreoks Day&Src ™F 



Tab. 5855, 
CYPRIPEDIUM candidum. 

Small white Lady's Slipper or Moccasson Flower, 



Nat. Ord. Orchide^e. — Gynandria Diandria. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4901.) 



Cypripedium candidum ; pubescens, caule folioso, foliis lanceolatis acuminati3 
plicato-nervosis, floribus parvis solitariis, bractea magna lanceolata 
florem superante, aepalis viridibus purpureo-lineatis, dorsali ovato- 
lanceolato acuminate erecto, lateral ibus in laminam dorsali subsimilem 
labello suppositam connatis, petalis longioribus linearibus tortis, 
labello parvo albo inflato sepalis breviore, staminodia oblongo-lanceo- 
lato obtusa y. acuta. 

Cypripedium candidum, Muhl. in Willd. Sp. PI. vol. iv. p. 142. Pursh. 
Fl. N. Am. v. ii. p. 594. A. Gray, Man. Bot. N. U. States, ed. 5, 
p. 511. 



A rather rare native of bogs, from the Central and New 
York States of N. America to Kentucky and Wisconsin, 
extending thence into Canada to the northward, and to the 
Platte Plains and Rocky Mountains to the westward. As a 
species it is closely allied to the more common Ameri- 
can yellow-flowered C. pubescens (Tab. Nost. 911, sub nom. 
parvijlori) and C. parviflorum (Tab. Nost. 3024), from which 
in a dried state it is with difficulty distinguishable, but from 
both of which the colour of the flower separates it, whilst the 
former has a much larger flower and more globose lip. Like 
all the boreal Cypripedia, this is easily cultivated in a bog 
soil, with a cool bottom, plenty of shade, and a copious litter- 
ing of dead leaves. The specimen figured was from roots 
communicated by Mr. J. Dunlop, of Milwaukie, U.S. 
America, which flowered at Kew in May of the present 
year. 

Descb. Whole plant more or less glandular-pubescent. 

AUGUST 1st, 1870. 



Boots of erect, tufted, tortuous fibres. Stem six to ten inches 
high, leafy to the top. Leaves lanceolate or elliptic-lanceolate, 
acuminate, plaited, three to five inches long, rarely one and 
a half inch broad. Bracts erect, leaf-like, exceeding the flower. 
Sepals one inch long, slightly pubescent, green, with brown- 
purple nerves and tip ; dorsal ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, 
twisted ; two lateral connate into an ovate-lanceolate, two- 
toothed blade placed under the lip. Petals larger than the 
sepals, of the same colour, narrow, twisted, spreading. Zip 
two-thirds of an inch long, oblong, rounded at the tip, inflated, 
rather flattened at the sides, white with purple spots round 
the mouth and within opposite the mouth, neck villous and 
yellow within. Slaminode yellow, spotted with purple, ovate 
or oblong-lanceolate, obtuse or acute. — J. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Top of ovary and column; 2, top of column; 3 lip:— all 
magnified. 







W Fitch, del. etkh 



VincentBrooks, Day & Son. Imp. 



Tab. 5856. 

CEREUS FULGIDUS. 

Glittering -flowered Gereus. 



Nat. Ord. Cacte^. — Icosandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra Tab. 5360.) 



Cerkus fut gidus ; caule elongato gracili ramoso, internodiia elongatis 1-poll. 
diam. profunde 3-4 gonis, angulis comprossis margine obtusis fasciculato- 
spinosis, spinis ad 10 parvia gracilibus, areolis tomentosis, floribus 6-8 
poll, diam., calycistubo 3-4-pollicari cylindrico hirsuto bracteolis parvis 
ovato-lanceolatis incurvis rubris obsito, foliolis calycinis 3-4-seriatia 
lanceolatis recurvis acuminatis pallide coccineis extends angustioribus, 
corollinis 2-3-seriatis obovato-oblongis suberectis apiculatis saiiguineis 
fulgidis, staminibus petalis brevioribus, stylo staminibus longiore, stig- 
matibus ad 15 subulatis radiantibus. 



I regret to have to state that the history of the plant here 
figured is quite unknown to me. It has been cultivated in 
the Koyal Q-arden for a good many years, flowering annually, 
and has been seen by various collectors, none of whom 
have recognised it. In many of its characters it resembles 
the C. Titajaya, Jacq., of Brazil, which is merged with some 
eight or ten garden and other species into one called C. varia- 
bilis by PfeifFer, and I should not be at all surprised if it proved 
to be a hybrid between that plant, which is white-flowered, 
and some scarlet-flowered Cactus ; though it diners from C. 
variabilis in the laxer habit, and flowering only in the even- 
ing and night. The habit indeed is that of C. speciosissimus. 
It flowers in July, the flower opening in the early evening 
and remaining expanded till the following noon. 

Descr. Stems pale bright green, not glaucSus, 2 to 3 
feet high, 3- to 4-angled, one inch and a half diameter, 
angles much compressed, starting from near the axis, so that 
on a transverse section the wings or angles appear as narrow 

SEPTEMBER 1ST, 1870. 



arms about one-eighth of an inch thick; margin obtuse, 
notched at intervals of one to one inch and a half; areolae at 
the notches small, with yellow tomentum ; spines about half 
an inch to three-quarters long, slender, straw-coloured, tipped 
with brown, about three of them central. Flowers situated 
at the notches, six to seven inches diameter. Calyx-tube 
three to four inches long, three-quarters of an inch in diameter 
in the middle, laxly pilose with long soft hairs, obscurely 
ribbed, clothed with scattered ovate-lanceolate acuminate 
incurved bracteoles one-third of an inch long. Outer {calycine) 
perianth segments, in about three to four series, ovate-lanceo- 
late, acuminate, recurved, pale scarlet, outermost narrow, inner 
passing into the corolline segments, which are in two to three 
series, suberect, oblong-ovate, acute, blood-red, glossy with a 
metallic lustre. Stamens very numerous, shorter than the 
petals. Style longer than the stamens, very stout ; stigma with 
about fifteen subulate rays. Ovary ovoid, scarcely broader 
than the calyx tube. — /. D. H. 



Fig 1 Notch of stem, with spines; 2, top of style and stigma:— both 



magnified 



5857. 




W "Fitch, del etlith 



Vmcent Brooks, Day <fe Son, Imp. 



Tab. 5857. 
BRODLEA coccinea. 

Scarlet-flowered Brodiaa. 



Nat. Ord. Liliace^;. — Hexandria Monogtnia. 



Gen. Char. — Peranthium corollinum, tubulosum v. campanulatum, angu- 
lation, persistens, limbo 6-fido. Stamina 3, periantlrii fauce inserta, cum 
squamis totidem liberis v. in coronam connatis alternantia, filamentis bre- 
vissimisv. 0; antbera? lineari-oblongse, inclusje. Discus hypogynus, carnosus 
v. obsoletus. Ovarium pedicellatum, 3-loculare, in stylum elongatum rectum 
attenuatum, stigmate 8-lobo ; ovula numerosa. Capsula pedicellata, perian- 
thio inclusa, 3-locidaris, 3-valvis, oligosperma. Semina compressa, testa 
membranacea, atra. — Herba bulbo tunicato. Folia linearia. Scapus gra- 
cilis, apice bracteatus. Flores itmbellati, pedicellati, cmrulei v. coccinei. 



Brodijea (§ Brevoortia) coccinea ; scapo elato, umbella 5-15-flora, peri- 
antbio pedicello duplo longiore cylindraceo basi intruso 6-lobo supra 
medium paulo inflato coccineo apici aureo, lobis parvis recurvis viri- 
dibus, squamis in coronam erosam 6-lobam connatis. 

Brodi^a coccinea, A. Gray in Proc. Amer. Acad., vol. vii. p. 389. 

Brevoortia Ida-maia, A. Wood in Proc. Acad. Philad., June, 1867. 



Though differing from all of the four previously described 
species of Broditea, in the length and cylindric form of the 
perianth, and in the great size of the scales at its mouth, I 
am disposed to think that Dr. Gray is right in referring it to 
that genus, and abandoning the genus Brevoortia, which was 
made by Professor Wood for this plant, and not without ap- 
parent good cause, for in the form of its perianth and size of 
the scales it differs widely from its congeners. It need hardly 
be added that Dr. Gray is justified in discarding " the objec- 
tionable double-headed specific name (Ida- Maia), given by 
the stage driver, Mr. Burke, who showed the plant to Pro- 
fessor Wood, in affection for his little daughter." 

SEPTEMBER 1ST, 1870. 



Froditea coccinea is a most brilliant-flowered bulb, a native 
of Shasta County and Humboldt County in California, where 
it was discovered by Mr. Lobb, and afterwards collected and 
named by Wood. More recently it has been sent to England 
by Mr. Bolander of San Francisco, and flowered both with 
Mr. Thompson of Ipswich, and in the Eoyal Gardens of Kew, 
May and June. 

Bescr. Bulb the size of a small chestnut. Leaves ten to 
eighteen inches long, one quarter to one-third of an inch 
broad, linear, obtuse, concave above, convex on the back. 
Scape equalling the leaves, slender, erect. Umbels five to fif- 
teen-flowered ; bracts membranous, lanceolate, shorter than 
the curved pedicels. Flowers drooping, one inch and a half 
long, rather blood-red than scarlet, abruptly replaced by 
yellow below the lobes, which are green. Perianth-tube six- 
lobed at the base, inflated above the middle; lobes short, 
oblong-ovate, obtuse, recurved. Corona of six erect mem- 
branous cuneate erose scales at the mouth of the perianth. 
Anthers sessile, their tips exserted. Disk obscure. Ovary 
elliptic-ovoid. Seeds oblong, black . — /. D. //. 



Fig. 1, Perianth laid open ; 2, pistil ; 3, transverse section of pistil : — 
all maynified. 



5858. 




"WTilc^. del et hth 



VmcentBrooks.Day&Soa.In* 



Tab. 5858. 
ONCIDIUM cryptocopis. 

Long-sepalled Oncidium. 



Nat. Ord. ORCHiDEiE. — Gynandria Monandiua 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 4148.) 



Oncidium (Cyrtochilum) cryptocopis ; pseudobulbis elongatis compressis, 
foliis loriformi - lanceolatis acutis, panicula 3-5-pedali longissima 
volubili, ramulis tortuosis bracteatis, bracteis spathaceis, sepalis petalis- 
que castaneis apicibus recurvis marginibus aureis crispatis, sepalo 
dorsali unguiculato deltoideo, lateralibus longe unguiculatis obovato- 
spathulatis deflexis, petalis breviter unguiculatis deltoideo-lanceolatis, 
labello parvo recurvo, laciniis lateralibus parvis recurvis acinaciformi- 
bus serratis, intermedio longe unguiculato dilatato recurvo transverse 
oblongo sub 2-lobo marginibus crispatis, disco basi calloso et carinato 
callis prominentibus varie tuberculato et sulcato, columna brevi alia 
cuneatis carnosis basi processubus 2 cultriformibus aucta. 

Oncidium cryptocopis, Reich, fil. Gard. Chron., 1870, p. 826. 



A very fine species of the group to which belong 
0. Xanthodon (Tab. nost. 5756), and other Cordilleran con- 
geners, characterized by their very long flexuous twining 
racemes, chestnut-brown perianth-lobes, with crisped golden 
edges, and usually very small lip. It was imported from 
Peru by Mr. Bull, F.L.S , and flowered in his establishment, 
King's Eoad, Chelsea, in May last. 

Descr. Pseudo-bulb four to five inches long, lanceolate, 
much compressed, green, one inch broad. Leaves • a foot long, 
ovate-lanceolate, rather broader beyond the middle, acute, 
pale green. Panicle three to five feet long, much branched, 
slender, as thick as a crowquill, with sheathing lanceolate 
scarious bracts ; pedicels flexuous, three to five inches long, 
also bracteate. Flowers three inches across the tips of the 
sepals, pale chestnut with golden crisped margins of the se- 

SEPTEMBLR 1ST, 1870. 



pals and petals, and a broad yellow middle lobe of the lip. Upper 
sepal deltoid-ovate, recurved, with a short broad claw ; lateral 
sepals parallel and deflex.ed, much longer than the upper, 
with long claws that expand into an obovate-cuneate limb 
recurved at the lip. Petals ovate-lanceolate, with broad 
claws, recurved, as long as but narrower than the dorsal sepal. 
Lip about half as large as the petals, recurved and almost 
revolute ; lateral wings small, hatchet- shaped, serrate on one 
margin, sharply recurved ; midlobe paddle-shaped, consisting 
of a long flat claw and transversely oblong limb one-third of 
an inch across, which is turned completely back and thus 
hidden ; base of the lip with various crests and tubercles, 
which are confluent with those of the base of the column, and 
two small lateral auricles. Column short, with two small 
cuneate fleshy spreading wings, and two flattened subulate 
or decurved horns in front. — /. L. H. 



Fig. 1 , Magnified view of column and lip. 



5859 







Tab. 5859. 
TABERN^MONTANA Barteri. 

Mr. Barter s Tabernamontana. 



Nat. Ord. Apocyne^. — Pentandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 5226.) 



Tabernamontana Barteri ; glabra, ramulis dichotomis, foliis breviter petio- 
latis elliptico-oblongis ovatis v.-lanceolatis utrinque acuminatis mte- 
gerrimis membranaceis, pedunculis 3 -co floris, bracteis parvis oyato- 
oblongis acutis sepalis { poll, longis oblongis obtusis dimidio brevionbus, 
corolla? 2 poll. diam. albaj tubo ultra calycem contracto, supra medium 
infundibuliformi, lobis oblique cuneato-obovatis, follicuhs ovoideo- 
oblongis falcato-recurvis rostratis 1^ poll, longis. 



A handsome shrub, six to eight feet high, discovered by 
the lamented collector Barter during Baikie's Niger Expe- 
dition at Eppah, and since collected by Dr. Irving at Abeo- 
kuta in the interior of the Slave Coast, and by Mann on the 
Old Calabar river. From the latter country live plants were 
sent by the Bev.W. C. Thomson of Old Calabar to the Edin- 
burgh Botanic Gardens, whence the specimen here figured 
was sent to Kew by Mr. M'Nab, and flowered m spring of 
the present year. As a species it is closely allied to the 
T. subsessilis, Benth., a native of Liberia and Ambas bay to 
the westward, but differs decisively in the leaf being narrowed 
into an acute base; the follicles are also more recurved and 

beaked. . . „ T . , 

Desck. A glabrous erect shrub, six to eight feet high. 
Branches dichotomous, terete, slender, covered with white 
bark, voung green. Leaves three to six inches long, bright 
green; elliptic- or oblong- or lanceolate- or obovate-el hptic 
acuminate at both extremities, dark green on both surfaces, 
six- to eight-nerved on each side of the midrib; petiole very 
short. Peduncle half to one inch long, naked, several-flowered ; 

SEPTEMBER 1ST, 1870. 



bracts small, one-sixth to one quarter of an inch,ovate-oblong 
acute ; pedicels one-eighth to one quarter of an inch. Sepals 
oblong, obtuse or subacute, convolute, much shorter than the 
corolla-tube. Corolla white, 2 to 3 inches in diameter, tube 
one to one inch and a quarter long, much contracted at the 
base, contracted part exceeding the sepals, thence slightly 
swollen for three quarters of its length, where it again 
expands and is funnel-shaped ; limb quite flat, lobes obliquely 
obovate-cuneate, acute on one side, dilated and rounded on 
the other. Stamens inserted at the contraction of the tube, 
filaments very short ; anthers broadly subulate. Bisk small, 
cup-shaped, lobed. Ovary small, 2-lobed ; style and capitate 
lobed stigma included. Follicles spreading at right angles, 
one inch and a quarter to one and a half long, turgid, re- 
curved, with conical recurved beaks. Seeds one quarter of an 
inch long, imbedded in pulp, ovoid ; testa brown, reticulate, 
very deeply pitted. — J. D. IT. 



Fig. 1, Base of corolla cut open ; 2, stamen ; 3, pistil and disk : — all mag- 
nified. 



S860. 







m 




■■ 



VincentBrooks.DayA : 



Tab. 5860. 
salvia interrupta. 

Ash-leaved Sage. 



Nat. Ord. Labiate. — Didynamia Gymnospermia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 5274.) 



Salvia (Eusphace) intemipta; caulft suffruticoso, ramis villoso-viseosis, 
foliis petiolatis irregulariter pinnatisectis grosse rugosis subtus albido- 
tomentosis, segmento extremo raaximo lateraliumque paribus 1-2 ovato- 
oblongis basi rotundatis, segmentis aliis minimis rotundatis interjectis, 
floralibus membranaceis deciduis, racemo simplici, verticillastris sub 6- 
floris remotis, calyce tubuloso-campanulato striato villoso-viscoso, labio 
superiore 3-dentato, inferiore 2-fido, dentibus omnibus acutis, corolla 
calyce duplo triplove longiore cseruleo, labio superiore subhorizontali, 
inferioris lateralibus reflexis intermedio 2-lobo, connectivo antice por- 
recto loculo casso. — Benth. 

Salvia interrupta, Schousb. Beob. Marok. p. 7, t. 1. Jacq. Fragm. p. HI, 
t. 90 ? HorL Kew. ed. 2, v. i. p. 65. Benth. in DC. Prod. r. xii. p. 266. 



A tall hardy herbaceous plant, with a woolly suffrutescent 
stem, belonging- to the same set of sages with S. officinalis, 
and many other handsome species that are common orna- 
ments of continental gardens, but are all but wholly unknown 
in our own. It was, according to the Hortus Kewensis, 
formerly cultivated in the Royal Gardens under the name of 
the Ash-leaved sage, having been originally introduced from 
Morocco into the Cambridge Botanic Garden, 1798. It has, 
however, long since disappeared from cultivation, and so re- 
mained till three years ago, when it was re-introduced from 
Tangiers by G. Maw, Esq., of Benthall Hall, during a 
botanical expedition into N. Africa, from whence he sent 
living plants to the Royal Gardens that flowered in May of 
last year. From its habit of flowering through several suc- 
cessive months, it is well worthy of cultivation in the open 

SEPTEMBER 1ST, 1870. 



border. The plant figured under this name in Sweet's 
Flower Garden (v. ii. t. 109) is, as Mr. Baker has pointed 
out to me, no doubt the S. confusa, Benth., easily distin- 
guished by its whiter, more minutely rugose leaves, aud pale 
flowers. 

Descr. Stem erect, shrubby below ; branches, inflorescence, 
and calyx covered with viscid down. Branches slender, four- 
angled, erect, rather distantly leafy. Leaves six to ten inches 
long, spreading, pinnatisect, green and coarsely rugose above, 
clothed below with white tomentum ; terminal lobe two to 
three inches long, oblong- ovate, obtuse or acute, rounded or 
cordate at the base, strongly nerved, coarsely reticulate and 
deeply pitted beneath, margin irregularly crenate ; lateral 
segments distant, often alternately large and oblong and small 
and rounded, sessile or shortly petioled. Whorls of flowers nu- 
merous, two to three inches apart, five to ten flowered. Flowers 
nearly sessile ; bracts minute, ovate, acute ; bracteoles shorter, 
broader. Calyx viscid, half an inch long, deeply grooved, 
tubulin- campanulate, shortly two-lipped; teeth triangular, 
acute, upper dorsal very small, obtuse. Corolla one inch and 
a quarter long by one inch diameter, dark violet purple, 
with a white throat ; tube exserted, nearly straight, smaller 
at the throat, red purple. Upper lip short, nearly horizontal, 
laterally compressed, obcordate, two-lobed at the apex ; lower 
lip three-lobed ; lateral lobes broad, rounded, reflexed ; middle 
rather deeply lobed, rounded, recurved; palate prominent, 
and throat white with purple streaks. Anther cells separated 
by a curved connective, upper linear oblong, lower smaller. 
Disk large, four-lobed. Style slender. — /. B. H. 



Fig. 1, Tips of filaments and anthers, with rudiments of the lower pair of 
stamens between them ; 2, calyx and style ; 3, disk and ovary :— all mag- 
nified. 




Vincent firoaics Da} 



Tab. 5861. 
LISSOCHILUS Krebsii. 

Mr. Kreb's Lissochilus. 



Nat. Ord. Orchide^e. — Gynandria Monandria. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 5486.) 



Lissochilus Krebsii; pseudobulbis ovoideis, foliis sessilibus breviter 
vaginantibus elliptico-lanceolatis acuminatis plicatis membranaceis 
marginibus lsevibus nervis validis, racemo erecto laxo multifloro, 
bracteis anguste lanceolatis ovario subasquilongis, floribus 1|- poll, latis, 
sepalis refractis oblongis acutis subundulatis viridibus purpureo- 
maculatis, petalis sepalis 4-plo majoribus aureis patentibus late ovatis 
obtusis breviter unguiculatis, labello sessili medio baccato sepalis minore 
3-lobo, lobis lateralibus brevibus ovato-rotundatis ascendentibus, inter- 
medio ovato-rotundato apice emarginato lateribus a medio retlexis basi 
obtuse 3-cristato, calcare brevi obtuso. 

Lissochilus Krebsii, Reich, f. in Linnaia, vol. xx. p. 685. 



Lissochihs Krebsii was first described by Keiclienbach in 
1 847, from specimens sent to Europe by the collector whose 
name it bears. For that here figured, the Royal Gardens are in- 
debted to their old and valued correspondent, John Sanderson, 
Esq., of Natal, who contributed living plants in 1 807 along 
with those of three other species of this interesting genus. 
It has also been received from Mr. McKen, of the Natal 
Botanic Gardens; and we have dried specimens from Mr. 
Gerrard (who died subsequently when botanizing in Mada- 
gascar), also collected in the Natal colony a good many years 
ago. Though closely allied to several East-tropical African 
species, collected by*Drs. Kirk, Heller, and others, during 
Livingstone's second expedition, it does not seem to be 
identical with any of these, having a broader midlobe of the 
lip and longer spur. 

OCTOBER 1ST, 1870 



Descr. Pseudo-bulbs two to three inches long, ovoid or 
elliptic-oblong, green, marked with few concentric scars 
Leaves in copious tufts from the base of the pseudo-bulb 
sessile, very shortly sheathing, eight to twelve inches long' 
two to three inches broad, elliptic-lanceolate, acuminate,' 
plaited, strongly ribbed, bright green, paler beneath. Scape 
two to three feet high, stout, terete, inclined. Raceme twelve 
to eighteen inches long, twenty- to thirty-flowered. Flowers 
scattered, an inch and a quarter diameter; bracts lanceolate, 
acuminate, green, equalling the ovary. Sepals broadly linear- 
oblong, bent sharply back, acuminate or cuspidate, rather 
twisted or waved, green, with dull purple blotches. Petals 
spreading, three to four times as large as the sepals, two- 
thirds of an inch broad, broadly ovate, obtuse, shortly clawed, 
pale golden-yellow, convex, the two halves being rather 
renexed from the middle line. Lip pendulous, sessile, about 
as long as the petals, but narrower, three-lobed, saccate 
between the lateral lobes, which are small, rounded, ascending 
on each side of the column, brownish inside ; midlobe nearly 
orbicular notched at the tip; sides bent back from the 
middle which is obtusely crested towards the base. Spur 
short, broad, obtuse. Column short, stout.—/. B. H. 



Fig. 1 Side view of column and lip ; 2, front view of do - 3 and 4 side 
and front views of pollen :— all magnified, ' ' 



5862. 










Tab. 5862. 
CALOCHORTUS Leichtlinii, 

Max Leicldlins Calochortus. 



Nat. Ord. Liliace.e. — Hexandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 5804.) 



Calochortus Leichtlinii ; humilis, foliis gramineis | poll, latis longe vagi- 
nantibus dorso rotundatis facie concavis anguste acuminatis glauco- 
viridibus, marginibus incurvis, scapo gracili foliis paulo longiore 2-3- 
floro, spathis foliis consimilibus, fioribus 2| poll. diam. late campanu- 
latis, sepalis ovato-lanceolatis recurvis dorso medio fuscis, petalis 
demum reflexis latissime obovato-cuneatis apiculatis marginibus vix 
erosis albis plaga parva purpurea supra fbveam nectariferam \ circu- 
larem, basin versus extus gibbosis intus pauci-ciliatis, antheris flavis 
obtusis, ovario lineari-oblongo, stylo brevi, stigmatibus 3 brevibus 
recurvis. 



The beautiful genus Calochortus was first brought to notice 
in England by the late David Douglas, who, during his ex- 
ploration of the north-west districts of North America, trans- 
mitted bulbs of various species, both of this and of its close 
ally, Cyclobotkria, to the Horticultural Gardens, some of which 
were figured in the early numbers of the Botanical Register, 
and in the " Transactions of the Horticultural Society" (v. vii., 
t. 8 and 9, v. viii. t. 14 and 15, &c), and in a few other works. 
These all, however, very soon disappeared from cultivation, no 
doubt owing to neglect during their long dormant, or flower- 
less, season. Now, however, after a lapse of nearly forty 
years, they are again coming into cultivation, and will, 1 
hope, prove to be permanently established favourites. The 
species here figured differs from any of the twelve or more 
that have been described, or are preserved, in our Herbaria, 
and far exceeds in showiness the graceful little plant figured in 
our last year's volume as C. unijlorus (Tab. 5804) ; it was dis- 
covered by Mr. Eoezl in the Sierra Nevada of California, and 

OCTOBER 1st, 1870. 



transmitted by him to our excellent correspondent, Max 
Leichtlin, of Carlsruhe, who sent bulbs to the Boyal Gardens 
in November last. These flowered in June of the present 
year, and are here figured. The flowers open almost in pairs 
at a time, and last for several days in perfection. As a 
species it is very near the C. venustus, Benth. {Bot. Beg., 
t. 1669); but the plant is much smaller, leaves narrower, 
flowers much smaller, with only a single purple spot on 
the sepals above the nectary, and no purple band below the 
nectary ; the sepals, too, are not green. 

Descr. Bulbs ovoid. Scapes four to seven inches high, slender, 
erect or inclined, terete, leafy. Leaves very narrow, one-eighth 
to one-sixth of an inch, sheathing, glaucous-green, gradually 
narrowed from the sheath to the tip, rounded on the back, very 
concave in front ; margins incurved. Spathes like the leaves, 
hardly exceeding the flowers. Flowers two inches and a half 
in diameter when fully expanded ; peduncles yellow-green. 
Sepals ovate -lanceolate, acuminate, recurved, concave, white, 
with a broad purple-brown streak on the back, tips pink. 
Petals broadly obovate-cuneate, apiculate, obscurely erose, con- 
cave at the base, gibbous at the back, reflexed from above 
the middle when fully expanded, white, with a single purple 
blotch above the nectary ; nectary semicircular, green, sur- 
rounded with a pale yellowish blotch, and some slender 
filamentous hairs. Anthers linear-oblong, yellow. Ovary 
green, linear-oblong, style very short, stigmas short, recurved. 
— /. B. H. 



Pig, 1, Base of petal and nectary; 2, ovary: — both magnified. 



5863. 








W4m 














VmcentBrooks Day<£ Son.Imp 



Tab. 5863. 
LEPTOSIPHON parviflorus, var. rosaceus. 

Rosy-flowered Leptosiphon. 



Nat. Ord. Polemoniace.e. — Pentandria Monogynia. 



Gen. Chak.— Calyx tubuloso-campanulatus, sequalis, semi-5-lobus, lobia 
lmeari-subulatis acutis, sinubus membranaceis. Corolla hypocrateriformis, 
tubo elongato tenuissimo, limbi lobis 5 planis obtusis v. subacutis. Stamina 5, 
fauce corolla? inserta ; anthera? oblonga?, basi sagittatae, vix exserta?. Ovarium 
3-loculare; stylus terminalis, simplex, stigmate 3-fido ; ovula pauca v. 
numerosa. Capsula 3-locularis, loculicide 3-valvis, valvis coluranam septi- 
feram nudantibus. Semina pauca, angulata, testa spongiosa. — Herba? annum 
America? boreali-occidentalis incola?, caulibus tenuibus rigidis. Folia opposita, 
sessilia palmatisecta, glabra v. pilosa, laciniis angustis palmatim patentibus. 
•PI ores capitati, basi foliaceo, bract eati, albi rosei lutei v. lilacini. 



Leptosiphon parvijlorus ; foliis 3-7-fidis inferiorum segmentis oblongo- 
linearibus superiorum subulatis, calycis laciniis linearibus, corolla? tubo 
umbo sub 4-plo longiore, lobis rotundatis, staminibus limbo corollas 
vix dimidio brevioribus. 

Leptosiphon parviflorus, Benth. in Bot. Reg. sub. t. 1622. 

Gilia (Leptosiphon) micrantha, Steud. ex Benth. in DC. Prodr. vol. ix. p. 311. 

var. rosaceus ; corolla |-| poll. diam. rosea disco aureo v. albo. 



A most lovely representative of one of the most variable 
genera of hardy annuals, the limits between the species of 
which are as difficult to draw from living specimens as from 
herbarium ones. I have referred the subject of the present 
plate to L. parvijlorus, though its flowers are so much larger 
than those of the typical states of that plant, being able 
to find no other difference but this of size (they are fully 
twice as large as in most states of L. parviflorus) and of 
colour, which however varies in the typical plant fi-om white 
to lilac and yellow, and in this variety from a very pale to 
a very deep rose-red. In respect to the size of the flower 
October 1st, 1870. 



it agrees with L. androsaceus (Tab. Nost. 3491), one of the 
largest flowered of all, Lut which has much narrower corolla 
lobes, of a very different shape. L. grandiflorus and L. densi- 
florus (Tab. Nost. 3578), also as large flowered, have on the 
other hand, a very short corolla tube. 

I am indebted to Mr. Thompson of Ipswich for the 
fresh specimens from which the accompanying drawing was 
made ; and which flowered in his nurseries in June of the 
present year. It is a native of California, and perfectly 
hardy ; but probably, like its congeners, does best in rather 
a damp climate. 

Descb,. A slender annual. Stem very variable; height 
four to ten inches, wiry. Leaves half to three-quarters 
of an inch long and broad, palmately cut to near the base 
into slender linear spreading apiculate lobes, dark green, 
pilose with soft white hairs. Flowers crowded, erect. Calyx- 
lobes subulate. Corolla4ube an inch to an inch and a-half, white 
or nearly so. Limb half to three-quarters of an inch in 
diameter, pale or deep rose-coloured, with a white or yellow 
eye ; segments orbicular and somewhat overlapping, quite 
entire. Stamens included, yellow. — /. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Leaf; 2, flower; 3, ovary, style and stigmas: — all magnified. 



>864. 




W Fir. 



Vincent Br oak- 



Tab. 5864. 
PASSIFLORA ARBOREA. 

Tree Passion-flower. 



Nat. Ord. Passiflore^j;. — Pentandria Trigynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 5737.) 



Passiflora (Astrophea) arborea ; caule erecto, ramis patentibus teretibug, 
cirrhis nullis, foliis amplis membranaceis obovatis oblongis ellipticisve 
acutis integerrimis subtus glaucis, costa subtus sparse glandulosa, petiolo 
crasso, stipulis linearibus deciduis, pedunculis pendulis axillaribus pauci- 
floris, pedicellis curvis, perianthio erecto tubo brevi, sepalis petalisque 
consimilibus albis oblongis obtusis, corona triplici, seriei externi filamentis 
magnis erectis crassiusculis subclavatis 3-gonis undulatis v. subcrispatis, 
intermedii filamentis parvis subcylindricis, interni filamentis tubum medio 
claudentibus apice fimbriatis, bacca 1-2-unciali coriacea. 

Passiflora arborea, Spreng. Syst. Veg., vol. iii. p. 42. 

Passiflora glauca, Humb. and Bonpl. Plant. jEquinoct. t. 22 ; DC. Prodr., 
vol. iii. p. 322. Masters in Gard. Chron. 1867, p. 1070. 



Though displaying none of the beauty of the commoner 
cultivated Passion-flowers, and wanting their scandent habit, 
copious festoons of leaves, and elegant tendrils, the subject of 
the present plate is still a very interesting one, from its erect 
habit and large foliage ; in which respect it stands almost 
alone amongst its 120 congeners. L)r. Masters, who has 
given a careful detailed description of it in the Gardeners 
Chronicle, and who quotes the observations of its introducer, 
Mr. Cross, made in its native woods, describes it as growing 
from one to twelve feet high, bearing few beautifully smooth 
dark green pendulous leaves, one to three feet long, and 
looking like a green umbrella stuck in the ground. 

P. arborea is a native of the damp shady forests of the moun- 
tainous districts of New Grenada, Equador, and Venezuela, 
extending to an altitude of 6000 feet above the sea, where it 

OCTOBER 1st, 1870. 



was discovered by Humboldt and Bonpland in the beginning 
of the century. There is a fine suite of specimens of it in 
the ' Hookerian Herbarium,' collected by Triana, Linden, 
Spruce, Fendler, and Goudot. The Eoyal Gardens are in- 
debted to Mr. Bull, F.L.S., for the specimen here figured, 
which flowered in a stove in July of the present year. 

Descr. Stem one to fourteen feet high, slender, erect, terete, 
glabrous, sparingly branched ; branches horizontal or drooping. 
Leaves drooping, six to thirty inches long, oblong elliptic 
or obovate, acute or obtuse, base acute rounded or subcor- 
date, deep green above, glaucous beneath, midrib with a 
few small glands below ; petiole very stout, cylindric, grooved 
above, an inch to an inch and a half long. Stipules linear, 
deciduous. Peduncles three- to six-flowered, pendulous, 
terete, an inch to an inch and a half long; pedicels sud- 
denly curved upwards from the middle, so that the flowers 
are erect, articulate towards the curvature. Flowers two or 
three inches broad ; bracts 0. Perianth-tube one and a half 
to two inches long, terete, green. Sepals and Petals equal 
and similar, linear-oblong, obtuse, greenish-white inside, re- 
flexed. Corona triple, outer of waved or wrinkled, long, 
yellow, subclavate, obliquely truncate filaments half to two- 
thirds as long as the petals ; middle, a ring of short filaments 
round the mouth of the tube ; inner, of fimbriate scales placed 
half-way down the tube, and pressing against the column, 
thus closing the nectariferous cavity. Stamens, styles, &c, as 
in the other species. Berry ovoid, one to two inches long, 
coriaceous, yellow, glaucous. — /. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Vertical section of perianth-tube, showing the position of the 
innermost corona : — slightly magnified. 



5865. 




W Titch.lith 



mcentBrooks Day-feSonJmp 



Tab. 5865. 
clusia odorata. 

Sweet-scented Clusia. 



Nat. Ord. Guttifee^e.— Poltandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 5325.) 



Clusia odorata; ramulis teretiusculis, foliis longiuscule petiolatis anguste 
cuneato-obovatis v. oblanceolatis subacutis obtusisve coriaceis nitidis, 
nervo medio (siccitate) subprominulo, lateralibus tenuissimis, cymis 
paucifloris foliis rmilto brevioribus, floribus 1| poll. diam. roseis breviter 
pedicellatis, bracteis bracteolisque parvis orbiculatis, sepalis 4-5 fere 
orbicularis, petalis 4-5 patentibus late obovato- orbiculatis obcordatisve 
ungue latissimo, staminodiorum cuj>ula crenulata, stigmatis lobis 6-8 
triangularibus. 

Clusia odorata, Seem. Bot. Voy., Herald, p. 89 ; Planch. $■ Lind. Mem. 
Guttif., p. 38. 

Clusia rosseflora, PL and Lind., I. c. 



An inhabitant of the volcano of Cheriqui in New Grenada, 
near Veraguas, where it was discovered by Dr. Seemann, 
when Botanist on the voyage of H.M.S. Herald, in 1849, and 
by whom living plants were sent to Kew, which have long been 
cultivated in the Palm House of the Eoyal Gardens. It has 
also been found at Panama, by the late Mr. Sutton Hayes ; 
at La Paila, in New Grenada, by Holton ; and near Truxillo, 
in Venezuela, by Linden ; for I have little hesitation in re- 
ferring the C. rosceflora of Planch on and Linden to this plant, 
our specimens, indeed, presenting characters that unite them. 
Like various other Clusias, this is a subscandent, or half- 
epiphytic shrub when young, which, after it has established 
itself and attained a sufficient height, supports itself by its 
thickened and interlacing roots, as a small tree, without 
other support. 

The plant from which the accompanying drawing was made 

OCTOBER 1st, 1870. 



flowered in August, 1869. Its native name is Copecillo 
odoroso. 

Descr. A small bushy tree, twenty to twenty-five feet 
high. Branches nearly terete. Leaves three to five inches long, 
by one to two inches broad, obovate-cuneate, or oblanceolate- 
cuneate, obtuse or subacute, narrowed into a distinct stout 
petiole, a quarter to half an inch long, uniformly green 
and smooth on both surfaces ; midrib distinct when dry, when 
also the nerves appear as faint, close-set streaks. Flowers 
usually two to three, pedicelled on a short stout cylindric 
peduncle, one inch and a half diameter, much like those of a 
dog-rose, pale rose-red, odorous ; bracts and bracteoles not 
broader than the peduncle and pedicel, rounded, compressed. 
Sepals four to five, orbicular, concave, half as long as the 
petals. Petals broad, orbicular-obovate, or almost obcordate, 
concave below the middle. Staminal cup half embracing the 
ovary. Ovary green, with a sessile five to eight-lobed stigma. 
Capsule five to eight-lobed ; valves narrow, recurved. Seeds 
with a fleshy red aril.—/. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Staminal cup and ovary; 2, vertical section of ditto : 3, transverse 
section of ovary ; 4, ripe capsule burst open '.—all but f. 4 magnified. 



SS66 




"W. "Fitch, del.et lith 



5roaks.Day£S 



Tab. 5866. 
BARLERIA Mackenii. 

Mr, McKen s Barleria. 



Nat. Ord. Acanthace^e. — Diandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 5628.) 



Barleria Mackenii; glaberrima, caule obtuse 4-gono, foliis recurvis anguste 
ovato- v. elliptico-lanceolatis subacutis petiolatis tenuissime strigillosis 
integerrimis, floribus terminalibus paucis in axillis supremis, bracteis 
parvis subulatis, sepalis exterioribus amplis late-ovato v. rotundato- 
cordatis obtusis venosis, interioribus parvis e basi ovato subulato-acumi- 
natis, corollae purpura? tubo infundibuliformi calycem sequante, limbi 
lobis subtequaliter rotundatis basi atro-purpureis, staminodiis 3, 2 late- 
ralibus minutis subulatis intermedio lato apiculato approximatis. 



A close ally of the Barleria Gibsoni (Tab.Nost. 5028), which 
it resembles in the corolla, but diners remarkably in the form 
of the bracts and sepals. It was discovered in the Latin 
goldfields district of the Natal colony, whence dried specimens 
were communicated to me by Mr. McKen, of the Natal 
Botanic Gardens, and who also sent fresh seeds of it from 
that interesting district in November of last year, from which 
the plant here figured was raised at Kew in spring, and 
flowered in June of the present year. We have also dried 
specimens collected by Messrs. Chapman and Baines, during 
their journey towards the Zambesi, in lat. 23° S., in the year 
1863. Like many of its congeners which inhabit the 
Peninsula of Hindostan, it probably flowers in the beginning 
of the cool dry season, and would under proper treatment 
form a charming acquisition for the winter decoration of a 
moderately heated house. 

The district in which this Barleria is found appears ^ to 
be botanically little known, and to abound in novelties. 
Amongst others which Mr. McKen has procured, are two 

OCTOBER 1st, 1870. 



magnificent Heaths, a Phoenix, different from P. reclinata, and 
some fine Orchidese, all of which will no doubt be soon intro- 
duced into England through the zeal of the able superin- 
tendent of the Natal Botanic Gardens. 

Descr. — Probably a small shrub. Stem stiff, erect, green, 
almost terete, and as well as the leaves above clothed with 
minute appressed hairs. Leaves deep green, recurved, two to 
three inches long by half to one inch broad, narrowly ovate or 
elliptic-lanceolate, subacute, quite entire, nerves faint ; petiole 
a quarter to half an inch long. Flowers few, solitary in the 
uppermost axils, shortly peduncled. Bracts subulate, one- 
third to half an inch long, placed half way up the peduncle. 
Outer sepals one inch long and nearly as broad, broadly ovate- 
cordate, obtuse, strongly palmately nerved, coriaceous, 
minutely hairy like the leaves, margins incurved ; inner sepals 
lanceolate-subulate, much shorter than the outer, pubescent 
on both surfaces, ciliate. Corolla-tube funnel-shaped, shorter 
than the outer sepals ; limb two inches diameter, purple, flat ; 
three larger lobes orbicular, two smaller ovate obtuse emargi- 
nate, all with a dark purple blotch above the claw, that on the 
lower segment edged with a white line. Anthers nearly white. 
Sfaminodes three, middle broad, lateral subulate. Ovary 
pubescent ; stigma linear. — J. B. H. 



Fig. 1, Base of corolla-tube with stamens and staminodes ; 2, outer sepals ; 
3, inner ditto, disk and ovary ; 4, disk and ovary : — all magnified. 



5867. 




■ 






Vinctaii Broi i 



Tab. 5867. 
OENOTHERA Whitneyi. 

Whitney s Evening Primrose. 



Nat. Ord. Onagrarieje. — Octandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. {Vide supra, Tab. 5828.) 



CEnothera (Godetia) Whitneyi; minute puberula, caule simplici v. e baai 
ramoso valido ad apicem foliato, foliis oblongo-lunceolatis subinteger- 
rimis, floribus amplis confertis, calycts tubo obconico segmentis multo 
breviore, antheris linearibus, stigmatibus linearibus elotigatis, capsnHfl 
carnosis subsessilibus oblongo-fusiformibus cano-hirsutis, loculis poly- 
spermis, seminibus adscendentibus. 

CEnothera (Godetia) Whitneyi, A. Gray in Proc. Amer. Acad. y vol. vii. 
p. 340, June 11, 1^67. 



Dr. Asa Gray, the authority for this species, describes it as 
" the most splendid of all the Godetias, and very desirable 
for cultivation, from the fine colour and great size of the 
flowers crowded at the summit of the stem, 5 ' and states that 
he has named it after Professor Whitney, the distinguished 
head of the Californian State Geological Survey ; in the 
prosecution of which it was discovered. It was first col- 
lected by Dr. Bolander, botanist to the Survey, on the plains 
at Shelter Cove, Humboldt County, California, in 1867 ; and 
the specimen here figured, which by no means exceeds in 
beauty and size of flower (which in Gray's description and 
dried specimens are four inches in diameter) the native 
specimens, was raised from seeds sent by Mr. Bolander to Mr. 
Thompson, of the Ipswich Nurseries, who flowered it last 
summer in perfection. 

Descr. Stem about a foot high, simple or much branched, 
leafy, and as well as the whole plant, minutely pubescent 
and pale green. Leaves shortly petioled, oblong-lanceolate, 

NOVEMBER 1ST, 1870. 



two inches long, tapering at both extremities, obtuse, quite 
entire. Flowers crowded, and covering the whole upper part 
of the plant. Calyx-tube narrow-oblong, rather hirsute ; lobes 
one inch long, connate into a boat-shaped limb, which is split 
on one side. Petals one inch and a half to two inches long, 
obcordate, rose-red, with a large diffused crimson-purple 
b otch above the claw. Stamens with short subulate pale 
filaments ; anthers erect, subulate-lanceolate, acuminate, red 
below, golden-yellow towards the tips. Ovary one inch long ; 
style straight, erect, stigmas four, large, linear-recurved, 
yellow. Capsule herbaceous, ovoid-oblong, one inch 
long. Seeds very numerous in each cell, testa brown, 
turluraceous.— /. D. //. 



F % d Fl ° Wer With petals removed ; 2 > st yle and stigmas :— both slightly 



magnified 







l Brooks. Day &' 



Tab. 5868. A & b. 

A SERAPIAS CORDIGERA. 

Heart-lipped Serapias. 

B SERAPIAS lingua. 

Tongue-lipped Serapias. 



Nat. Ord. Orchide.e. — Gynandrta Monandria. 



Gen. Char. — Sepala cum petalis in galeam cucullatam connata. Petala e 
basi dilatata longe cuspidata. Labellum basi columns insertum, sessile, basi 
bilamellatum, disco pilosum, trilobum, lobis lateralibus parvis adscendenti- 
bus, intermedio elongato deflexo linguseformi. Columna elongata, aptera, 
clinandrio postice in acumen elongatum producto, antice supra stigma promi- 
nente indiviso in cucullum plicato. Anthem verticalis, loculis basi adscen- 
dentibus, clinandrio incumbentibus. Pollinia esulca, caudiculis distinctis, 
glandula communi intra bursiculam recondita. — Herbtx Mediterranean, radice 
bituberata, caule folioso. Flores laxe spicati, bracteis magnis cucullatis 
coloratis. Endl. 

A Serapias cordigera ; tuberculis sessilibus, altero rarissime pedicellato, 
spica prima anthesi congesta, bracteis flore ssepe longioribus, labelli 
laciniis lateralibus obtusis erectis conniventibus, intermedio longiore 
aquilato ovato basi ssepe cordato acuminato, disco piloso, callo basilari 
profunde 2-lobo. 

Serapias cordigera, Linn. Sp. PI. n. 1345. Lindl. Gen. and Sp. Orchid. 377. 
Sibthorp, Flora Grceca, t. 932. Andrews, Bot. Rep. t. 475. Reich. 
Fl. Germ., t. 440. 

Serapias ovalis, Rich, in Mem. Mus. Hist. Nat, vol. iv. p. 54. 

B Serapias Lingua; tuberculo altero sessili altero ssepissime pedicellato, 
spica prima anthesi laxa, bracteis floribus brevioribus, labelli laciniis 
lateralibus ovatis obtusis, intermedio longiore angustiore oblongo- 
lanceolato acuminato glabrato, callo basilari medio obscure sulcato v. 
piano. 

Serapias Lingua, Linn. Sp. PL n. 1344. Lindl. Gen. and Sp. Orchid. 
377. Hook. Exot. Flor. t. 11. Sibthorp, Fl. Graca, t. 931. Reich. 
Fl. Germ. t. 439. 

Serapias oxyglottis, Bert. Amaen. Ital., p. 202. 



The two interesting, but very variable orchids here figured, 
are natives of pine woods, heaths, shrubberies, and hilly 



NOVEMBER 1ST, 1870 



pastures throughout the whole Mediterranean region except 
Egypt. Of these, S. Lingua, which is emphatically called by 
Keichenbach " decus Floris Mediterraneae," extends from 
Crete and Smyrna to Portugal. S. cordigera has a still wider 
range, from Syria and the Taurus to the Azores — a very 
unusual distribution for an orchid that is restricted in lati- 
tudinal range, and which, though abundant in North Africa, 
does not extend to Madeira or the Canary Islands. Both 
species are found in Algeria. 

The species of Serapias are easy of cultivation in thoroughly 
drained pots, with a light loamy soil, where they form their 
leaves in winter, and flower in early spring. The Royal 
Gardens have received tubers of both species from J. T. 
Moggridge, Esq., collected at Mentone; from Prof. Orphanides 
of Athens, and from H.E.H. the Comte de Paris, in whose 
rich collection of terrestrial European orchids at Twickenham 
the species of Serapias form a conspicuous feature. — /. D. If. 



Fig. A 1, 2, and 3, Whole plant, lip, and column of S. cordigera. 
Fig. B 1, 2, and 3, Ditto of S. lingua. Figs. 2 and 3 in both cases 
magnified. 



5869. 







Vincent 






Tab. 5869. 
ARISTOLOCHIA barbata. 

Bearded Birthwort. 



Nat. Ord. Aristolochie;e. — Gynanpria Hexandria. 
Gen. Char. ( Vide supra, Tab. 5420.) 



Aristolochia (Gymnolobus) barbata ; fruticosa, caule volubili angulato, 
ramulis foliisque subtus pubescentibus, foliis longiuscule petiolatis 
deltoideo- v. sagittate -cordatis obtusis acutisve supra glabris, auriculis 
basi rnagnis rotundatis, sinti semiclauso v. aperto, floribus longiuscule 
pedicellatis axillarihus solitariis, perianthio pallido, tubo basi obovoideo- 
globoso inflate, fauce late inlundibuliformi, ore lato hiante oblique 
truncato buccasformi venoso, labio parvo stipitato suborbiculari intus 
supra medium processubus elongatis purpureis dense barbato. 

Aristolochia barbata, Jacq. Collect. Bot. vol. iii. p. 221. Stirp. Bar. vol. iii. 
p. 17, t. 608. Willd. Sp. PL vol. iv. part 1, p. 156. Duckartre in 
DC. Prod. vol. xv. part 1, p. 447. Griseb. Fl. Brit. W. Ind. 
p. 299. 

Aristolochia dictyanrha, Duchartre in Ann. Sc. Nat. ser. 4, vol. ii. p. 40, 
b. 6, f. 1-2, et in DC. Prod. 1. c. p. 446. 

Howardia barbata, Klotzsch, in Monatsb. Acad. Berol. 1859, p. 613. 



An elegant species of Aristolochia, a native of Venezuela 
and the neighbouring island of Trinidad. It was raised from 
seed sent by Mr. Ernst, of Caraccas, a gentleman well known 
for his scientific collections, and the impulse he has given to 
the progress of science in the distant settlement which he has 
made his home, by the publication of many papers of interest 
in the " Vargasia," a journal devoted to various branches of 
natural knowledge, and known as the Boletin de Sociedad de 
Ciencias Fisicas y Naturales de Caraccas. A. barbata forms a 
slender stove climber, flowering in September. 

Descr. Stems many from the root, slender, angular, twining, 
woody below, three to eight feet high ; branches pendent. 

NOVEMBER 1ST, 1870. 



Leaves on long slender petioles ; blade two to four inches long, 
very variable in breadth and in the depth of the closed or open 
basal sinus, deltoid-cordate or oblong-cordate or subsagittate, 
with large rounded somewhat incurved auricles, tip obtuse or 
acute, margins subrecurved, upper surface deep green, glabrous, 
under softly pubescent and glaucous. Flowers solitary, axil- 
lary, on slender curved peduncles exceeding the petioles. 
Perianth two inches and a half long ; basal portion bladdery, 
broadly obovoid, half to two-thirds of an inch long, pale 
green; tubular portion nearly straight, strongly ribbed, expand- 
ing into an obliquely recurved trumpet-shaped limb one inch in 
diameter, hairy within, glabrous, coarsely reticulated, and pale- 
brown externally. Lip stalked, much smaller than the mouth 
of the perianth, suborbicular, rather arched, brown, with 
stout reticulated green veins externally, pale-green within, 
the distal half clothed beneath, with long filiform purple pro- 
cesses. Anthers six, linear. Stigmas six, deltoid-subulate, 
incurved, ochreous-yellow.— J. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Longitudinal section of base of perianth, showing the stamens and 
stigmas : — magnified. 



5810. 




WRt 



Vincent Brooks Da; 



Tab. 5870. 
GREVILLEA Banksii. 

Sir Joseph Banks Grevillea. 



Nat. Ord. Proteace^e. — Tetrandria Monogvnia. 
Gen. Char. ( Vide supra, Tab. 58.37.) 



Grevillea (Eugrevillea) Banksii ; ramulis robustis et inflorescentia albo- 
tomentosis, foliis 4-8-pollicaribus profunde pinnatisectis, segmentis 
remotis anguste lineari-lanceolatis obtusis v. mucronatis marginibus 
recurvis supra glabris subtus sericeo-tomentosis, racemis terminalibus 
solitariis v. subpaniculatis, perianthio rubro extus tomentoso, tubo 
breviusculo inflato apice revoluto, ore contracto, toro subrecto, ovario 
sessili villoso, stylo elongato glabro apice clavato, stigmate obliquo v. 
laterali convexo, fructu oblique ovoideo subacute compresso. 

Grevillea Banksii, Br. in Trans. Linn. Soc, vol. x. p. 176. Prod. p. 379. 
Bauer, III. PI. Nov. Holl., t. 9. Meissn. in DC. Prod., vol. xiv. p. 375. 
Benth. Fl. Austral., vol. v. p. 435. 



In its robust shrubby habit, and stout raceme of large 
flowers, this forms a strange contrast to the delicate looking 
and feathery-foiiaged G. Preissii figured in the early part of 
this volume (Tab. 5837), and is one of many instances of the 
remarkable differences in habit displayed by various members 
of many of the large Australian genera. It forms a tall 
shrub or slender tree, of fifteen to twenty feet in height, and 
when covered with its scarlet blossoms, must present a mag- 
nificent appearance in the Australian bush. The genus to 
which it belongs contains upwards of one hundred and fifty 
species, of which all but two or three (New Caledonian) mem- 
bers belong to Australia ; many are as deserving of cultiva- 
tion as that here figured, but like most Australian bard- 
wooded plants they require a peculiar treatment, so different 
from that of ordinary greenhouse stock of the present day, 
that as a rule they are usually rapidly killed by mistaken 

NOVEMBER 1ST, 1870. 



kindness, succumbing under the favourite regimen of too much 
heat during winter and a perennial drenching with the 
watering-pot. In a stiff well-drained soil, sparingly watered 
in the growing season, and hardly at all at other times, they 
succeed well, give little trouble, and amply repay the cultiva- 
tor's care. 

Grevillea Banksii is a native of barren hills in the Queens- 
land colony, where it was discovered by Brown during 
Flinders' voyage, and has since then been found by various 
collectors : the plant here figured, which was five feet high, 
was raised and flowered by Messrs. Osborn of Fulham, who 
liberally sent it to Kew for figuring in the Magazine in 
August last. 

Descr. A tall shrub or slender tree of fifteen to twenty 
feet; branches and inflorescence softly tomentose. Leaves 
four to eight inches long, deeply pinnatifid or pinnatisect, 
with three to eleven broadly linear or narrow lanceolate seg- 
ments, which are obtuse or mucronate, with recurved margins, 
two to four inches long, glabrous above, silky underneath, 
the midrib alone prominent or obscurely penniveined ; here 
and there a small undivided leaf occurs. Racemes terminal, 
erect, dense, two to four inches long, solitary or two or three 
on a terminal leafless peduncle. Flowers red. Pedicels three 
to four lines long, tomentose as well as the rhaches. 
Perianth tomentose outside, glabrous inside, the tube not 
very broad, six or seven lines long, contracted and re volute 
under the limb. Torus straight, or nearly so. Gland pro- 
minent, semi-annular, more or less lobed or jagged. Ovary 
sessile, densely villous ; style long and glabrous, clavate 
under the very oblique or lateral convex stigmatic disk. Fruit 
obliquely ovate, compressed, almost acute, about one inch 
long.— -J. D. II 



Fig. 1, Flowers; 2, follicle: — both magnified. 



.-811. 




W Fit.- 



Tmcent,Brooks,])a.y ! 



Tab. 5871. 
DODECATHEON Meadia, var. frigidum. 

American Cowslip, or Shooting Star ; Arctic variety. 



Nat. Ord. Primulace^e. — Pf.ntandria Monogynia. 



Gen. Char. — Calyx profunde 5-lobus, lobis lanceolatis reflexis. Corolla 
5-partita, tubo brevissinio, fauce incrassato, segmentis reilexis Iineari-oblongis. 
Stamina 5, corolla fauce inserta, filamentis brevibus crassiusculis _ mona 
delphis; anthers elongate, in conum conniventes, basifixa?, lineari-subu- 
late, longitudinaliter dehiscentes. Ovarium subglobosum ; stylus strictus, 
elongatus, filiformis, stigmate capitellato ; ovula plurima. Capsula subcy- 
lindrica, apice valvis 5 brevibus dehiscens. Semina plurima, compresso- 
lenticularia, umbilico ventrali, albumine carnoso ; embryo rectus, uinbilico 

parallelua. Herba valde variabilis boreali- Americana, acaulis, scapigera. 

Folia omnia radicalia, petiolata v. subsessilia, integerrima v. repando-den- 
tata. Scapi solitarii. Flores umbellati, cernui. 



Dodecatheon Meadia. Linn. Sp. PL 207. Tab. nost. 12. 

Var. frigidum, foliis oblongo-ovatis petiolatis integernmxs, mvolucri folio la 

parvis angustis, corolla rubro-purpurea anthens atro-fuscis filamento 

multoties longioribua. 
Dodecatheon frigidum; Cham, et Schlecht. in JAmaa, vol. i. p. 217. 

Seemann. Bot. Herald, Voy., t. 9 ; DC. Prodr., vol. x. p. 8. 
Dodecatheon speciosum, Hort. 



A native of the Rocky Mountains and coast range* .of 
Western N. America, from lat. 35° N. m California to t ho 
Arctic seacoast, abounding in mountain slopes, mkjpto 
and stony, often saline plains, ascending towven thousand 
feet in the Cascade range, and replacing m *•*"£""£ 
the usually large and paler-flowered typical D-M**" •*» 
United States. Though differing from the Eastern ^ spec es 
in the few points detailed *«"*■"#$ and = lly 
in size, there is no question but tnat vr. urav 

NOVEMBER 1ST, 1870. 



considering this and all the other species of Bodecatheon are 
but varieties of the original B. Meadia, into which all pass by 
insensible gradations. Of these the subject of the present 
plate is one of the most distinct in size, in the brilliant colour 
of its few flowers, in its few small involucral bracts, and in its 
narrow dark stamens; but none of these characters are constant, 
least of all that of colour, which varies to lilac and white ; 
whilst the petioles of the leaf are sometimes as long as the 
blade. It is a singular fact that a genus so widely dispersed as 
Bodecatheon is, throughout a belt of thirty degrees of latitude, 
and extending in longitude right across America, and to the 
islands of the Aleutian Sea, and Behring's Straits, should be 
found only on one spot on the opposite coast of N. America, 
and not extend westward of the Gulf of St. Lawrence. 

The specimens from which our plate was taken were raised 
from seed collected in the mountains of British Columbia, 
and which flowered at Kew in May of the present year. It 
is by far the most brightly coloured form hitherto discovered, 
and is very ornamental. — J. B. H. 



Fig. 1, Flower, with the corolla segments removed ; 2, calyx and 
ovary : — both magnified. 



5872 







rv\ 




• 




^jj I 



IflUtlth. 



Tab. 5872. 
STENOGLOTTIS fimbriata. 

Spotted Natal Orchid. 



Nat. Ord. Orchide.e. — Gtoandria Monandria. 



Gen. Char. — Sepala margine erosula, late ovata, obtusa, conniventia, 
demum patentia, libera, aaqualia. Petala sepalis consimilia sed minora et 
magis erosa, libera, concava. Labellum elongatum, lineari-oblongum, ecal- 
caratum, rectum, a?stivatione involutum, alte 3-lobum, lobis subaequilongis 
parallelis intermedio august iore. Columna brevis, erecta, obtusa, locuHs 
parallelis ; staminodiis erectis falcatis obtusis lateribus columna? adnatis. 
■Pollinia erecta, caudiculis brevibus, glandulis singulis sacculo absconditis, 
granulis magnis laxis, rostello brevi latiusculo obtuso. — Herba Capensis, 
tuberibus elongatis fasciculatis. Folia omnia radicalia, numerosa, rosulata, 
hneari-oblonga, mucronulata, undulata. Scapi graciles, bracteati. Spica 
laxiflora. Flores parvi, pallide rosei. 



Stenoglottis fimbriata, Lindl. in Hook. Comp. Bot. Mag. vol. ii. p. 210. 
Harvey, Thes. Capens., t. 56. 



A very curious and pretty little plant, which I refer without 
doubt to S. fimbriata of Lindley, though I do not find the 
petals to be lacerate at the edge, as described by that author, 
but only erose on the margins under a high magnifying power, 
as are the sepals and labellum, though in a less degree. It is 
a native of various parts of the Cape district, from Grahams- 
town to Port Natal, and is evidently a very variable plant, for 
I find two forms of it in a collection of drawings of Cape 
orchids made by Mr. Saunderson of Natal (and of which lie 
has kindly allowed me to keep copies). Of these forms neither 
quite agrees with that here figured, both have larger leaves, in 
one these are quite unspotted, and the lobes ol the lip are 
broader ; in the other the leaves are obscurely spotted, the 
bracts larger than in our figure, and the lateral lobes of the 
lip deeply toothed on the outer margin. The flowers are 

DECEMBER 1ST, 1870. 



never resupinate, as described by Harvey, though from the 
gibbous form of the bud they sometimes appear to be so. 

Our specimen belongs to the rich collection of my friend 
W. Wilson Saunders, F.E.S., with wbom it flowered in 
August of the present year. 

Descr. Boots of stout, sub-cylindric, fascicled, oblong tubers. 
L eaves very numerous, horizontally spreading, one and a half 
to two inches long, linear-oblong, mucronate, undulate, deep 
green, with many black, transverse blotches disposed in two 
or three longitudinal rows. Scape slender, erect, six to eight 
inches high, including the long, many-flowered, erect spike ; 
bracts on the scape few, and as well as those beneath the 
flowers lanceolate, shorter than the ovary, green, blotched with 
black. Flowers one-third of an inch in diam., rose-pink, with 
a few purple blotches on the lip ; ovary half an inch long. 
Sepals at first arched and curving, then spreading, broadly- 
ovate, obtuse, margins finely erose. Petals rather smaller, 
connivent, margins more deeply erose. Lip twice as long 
as the sepals, projecting, linear or oblong-obovate in outline, 
equally 3-fid to near the middle ; segments nearly parallel ; 
the lateral slightly curved, acute or obtuse, outer margin 
slightly or strongly toothed ; mid-lobe narrow, entire. Column 
very short, obtuse, with an adnate obtuse staminode on each 
side.— J. D. II 



Fig. 1, lateral, and 2, front view of flower; 3, column and lip; 4, lip; 
5, front, and 6, side view of column ; 7, pollen-mass :— all magnified. 



5873 




WW Saunders.Esq del. Fitch.lith 



YincentBrooks.Day&Son.Imp 



Tab. 5873. 
GLADIOLUS Saundersii. 

Mr. Wilson Saunders Gladiolus. 



Nat. Ord. Iride,e. — IIexandria Monogynia. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 5427.) 



Gladiolus Saundersii ; scapo 2-3-pedali, foliis elongato-ensiformibus J-f poll. 
latis, longe acuminatis rigidis valide nervosis, spica, laxiflora, floribus 
alternis non distichis, bracteis tubo periantliii longioribus anguste 
lanceolatis acuminatis, perianthio decurvo, limbo latiore quam longo, 
segmentis obovato-oblongis cuspidatis, superiore fornicato porrecto 
lateralibusque 2 exterioribus reflexis coccineis fere concoloribus, 3 
inferioribus reflexo-decurvis coccineis infra medium albis coccineo- 
maculatis, antheris flavis, stigmatibus rubris gracilibus recurvis. 



A near ally of the long known G. psittacinus, Hook., of our 
gardens (Tab. Nost. 3032), but a much more handsome plant, 
remarkable for the vivid colour of the curiously deflexed and 
very broad perianth. It was discovered by Mr. Cooper, when 
collecting for W. Wilson Saunders, Esq., on the summit of 
the Wetteberg mountain, in the Albert district of Cape 
Colony, from whom we have a dried specimen. There is also 
in the Hookerian Herbarium, a specimen, apparently of the 
same species, though with more speckled flowers (judging from 
its dried state) gathered near the "Fat river" (probably the 
Yet river in the Orange River Republic), by Mr. Burke, when 
collecting animals and plants for the late Earl of Derby. Both 
these specimens are labelled in the Hookerian Herbarium 
G. natalensis, by Mr. Klat, the author of an elaborate memoir 
on the IrideaB in the Linnsea (v. 32, wherein the unpublished 
name of G. natalensis Reinw. MSS., is without reason substi- 
tuted for that of psittacinus). Though the flowers of psitta- 
cinus and Saundersii are not easily distinguishable m a dry 
state, the leaves are so, those of the latter species being much 
narrower and longer, with very strong shining ribs. Our 

DECEMBER 1ST, 1870. 



plate is taken from a drawing* made by Mr. Saunders, in whose 
garden the plant flowered in autumn. 

Descr. Scape two to three feet high, stout, erect, leafy. Leaves 
as long, half to three-quarters of an inch broad, gradually 
narrowed to the very acuminate point, strongly nerved, the 
nerves pale and shining when dry. Flowers, six to twelve, 
rather remote ; bracts narrow lanceolate, as long as the 
perianth tube. Perianth decurved, three to three and a half 
inches in diameter; segments obovate- oblong, cuspidate; 
upper most arched prominent and deflexed ; upper lateral, 
wing-like, spreading and recurved, scarlet, paler and spotted 
on one side ; three lower segments smaller, recurved, crimson 
above the middle, white spotted with red towards the edges 
below the middle. Anthers yellow. Stigmas slender, recurved, 
pale red. — /. D. H. 



Fig. 1, upper; 2, lower lateral; and 3, lower lateral segment; 4, 
stamen ; 5, stigmas — all magnified. 



5874. 




W Fitch, d el. etluh 



Vincent Br ooks . Day & Son . Imp 



Tab. 5874 
CASSIA mimosoides., var. Telfairiana. 

Mimosa-leaved Cassia, Telfair s variety. 



Nat. Ord. Leguminos^e. — Decandria Monogynia. 



Gen. Char. — Calycis tubus brevissimus, segmentis 5 imbricatis. Petala 
5, imbricata, subasqualia, summo intimo. Stamina 10, omnia perfecta 
et subeequalia v. nonnulla superiora minora v. imperfecta, nunc 5 ; anthera- 
rum loculi poro v. rima apicali raro basilari dehiscentes. Ovarium liberum, 
sajpius arcuatum ; stylus brevis v. elongatus, stigmatc truncato v. parvo ; 
ovula oo . Legumen teres v. compressum, indehiscens v. 2-valve, intus 
nudum v. septatum. Semina sa?pius transversa, albuminosa; cotyledones 
ovatae, plana? v. undulataj, radicula brevi recta. — Arbores frutices v. herbce 
tropicce v. subtropiccs. Folia abrupte -pinnata, rarius ad phyllodia reducta. 
Stipulae varice. Innorescentia varia. Flores Jlavi, albi, v. rubidi. 



Cassia (Chamjecrista)"' mimosoides; annua, herbacea, appresse pilosa y. 

glabrata, foliolis 20-oo jugis lineari-oblongis subfalcatis v. subdimi- 

diatis mucronatis, glandula sessili infra juga, pedicellis sohtarns v. 

aggregatis folio brevioribus, legumine pubescente. 
Cassia mimosoides, Linn. Sp. PL, p. 543. Vogelin Linncea. vol. xi. p. 714. 

Walp. Rep. vol. i. p. 837. 
Var. Telfairiana, caule erecto, foliolis 30-60-jugis angustis £ poll-longis, 

petiolo non marginato, glandulla magna, floribus diametro polhcaribus. 

C. Telfairiana, Wall. Cat. n. 5324. C. pulchella, Bojer, Hort. Maunt. 

p. 122. C. angustissima, Lamarck, Diet. vol. i. p. 650. 



Cassia mimosoides is a rather common Asiatic and African 
tropical and subtropical plant, growing on dry banks, ana 
presenting a beautiful appearance from the softness ol 
its finely divided, bright green, feathery foliage elegant 
habit, and the beauty of its golden flowers which are 
abundantly produced, and supported on hair-like pedicels. 
Like so many tropical plants of wide distribution, it varies 
much, and the variety here figured, which attains a height 
of five feet, is perhaps the most graceful of any. It is a 
native of Zanzibar and other places on the east coast of 

DECEMBER 1ST, 1870. 



Africa, from Natal northwards, and was introduced into the 
Botanical Garden of Calcutta from the Mauritius, where it is 
almost naturalized. Unfortunately it is usually an annual, 
though it sometimes forms a woody stem of longer duration. 
The specimen figured flowered in the Eoyal Gardens in October 
of the present year. 

Descr. Stems solitary or many, erect or ascending from an 
annual or biennial root, slender, terete, and covered like the 
leaves, calyx, and pod, with appressed pubescence. Leaves two 
to three inches long, drooping ; petiole very short, cylindric ; 
leaflets thirty to sixty pair, one-third of an inch long, linear, 
mucronate, obscurely falcate, sessile, deep green; glandbetween 
the basal pair large, orbicular. Stipules subulate from a 
triangular base, erect, longer than the leaflets. Peduncles 
axillary, solitary or fascicled, capillary, erecto-patent, half as 
long as the leaves ; buds deflexed, acuminate. Flowers one 
inch in diameter. Sepals lanceolate. Petals subequal, golden- 
yellow, elliptic-ovate. Stamens seven to eight ; anthers large, 
with two terminal pores. Pod long or short, much com- 
pressed, acuminate, not septate within, dehiscent; valves 
flat. Seeds vertical, compressed. — /. D. If. 



Fig. 1 base of leaf and stipules; 2, flower and top of pedicel with bracts, 
the petals removed : — both magnified. 




. I 



Tab. 5875. 
EULOPHIA Helleborina. 

Helleborine Eulophia. 



Nat. Ord. ORCHIDE.E. — Gynandria Monandria. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 5561.) 



Eulophta Helleborina ; caule folioso basi non incrassato (pseudobulbo nullo), 
foliis alternis remotis oblongis oblongo-lanceolatisve subacutis, vaginis 
brevibus, spica sparsiflora, bracteis foliaceis, sepalo posterioye fusco- 
viridi lineari-oblongo fornicato obtuso cum petalis consirnilibus sig- 
moideo falcatis connivente, lateralibus fusco-viridibus paulo majoribua 
patenti-recurvis apicibus incurvis, labello amplo pallide roseo basi con- 
tracto 2-carinato dein in laminam sub A-circularem 2-fidam margins 
undulatam dilatato, calcare ovario subsquilongo, basi late conico-infun- 
dibuliforme apice contracto truncato v. 2-lobo, columna brevi sessili. 



A native of Sierra Leone, whence living specimens were 
sent to the Eoyal Gardens by our valued correspondent 
H. Bockstatt, Esq., and which arrived in full flower in a 
Ward's-case in September of the present year. 

E. Helleborina, so called from its resemblance to the Helle- 
borine {Epipactis latifolia), differs much from its congeners in 
wanting the pseudo-bulbs uniformly ascribed to the genus, 
but which are equally wanting in E. ensata, Lindl. (Bot. 
Eeg. t. 1147), also a native of Sierra Leone; and in the 
very short column being completely concealed by the dorsal 
sepals and petals, which arch forward and form a sort of helmet 
over that organ. In colour of flower and form of lip it much 
resembles the W. African E. guinieemis (Tab. Nost. 2467), but 
differs widely in habit. 

The genus Eulophia is a very large one, it abounds in 
tropical Africa, and extends thence into India, and is divisible 
into several very distinct sections, if not different genera. 

Descr. Tubers subterranean. Stem slender, cylindric, ten 
to twelve inches high, not swelling into a pseudo-bulb at 
the base, leafy throughout. Leaves alternate, rather distant, 

DECEMBER 1ST, 1870. 



three to four inches long, sessile, with short, amplexicaul 
and sheathing bases, oblong-lanceolate, sub-acute, not plaited, 
5-nerved, deep green. Spike slender, six to ten-flowered; 
bracts leaf-like, the lower much larger than the flower, 
upper smaller, all ovate or ovate-lanceolate, acute, sessile. 
Flowers sessile, distant, horizontal. Ovary arched, three- 
quarters of an inch long, cylindric. Perianth one to one and 
a quarter inches in diameter from upper sepal to tip of lip. 
Upper sepal falcate and fornicate, linear, obtuse, together with 
the very similar petals forming a small hood over the column, 
all of them green inside, with broad brown edges, and midrib 
on the outside. Lateral sepals rather larger, spreading 
and recurved, with incurved tips of the same colour. Lip 
much larger than the sepals or petals ; limb semicircular, with 
a broadly cuneate base that is suddenly contracted into a rather 
broad claw with two ridges, margin irregular, tip cleft. Spur 
with a very broad subconic base, and short, truncate, or 
2-lobed tip. Column short, broad, concealed under the dorsal 
sepals and petals. — J. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Flower; 2, base of lip, spur, and anther: — both magnified. 



5876. 




W. Fitch, del etlith 



Vincent Brooks.Day & Son. Imp . 



Tab. 5876. 
TACSONIA quitensis. 

Quito Tacsonia. 



Nat. Ord. Passifeore^e. — Pentandria Trigynia. 
Gen. Char. (Vide supra, Tab. 5571.) 



Tacsonia (Bracteogamia) quitensis; ramulis angulatis pubescentibus, foliis pro- 
funde o-lobis lobis ovatis acuminatis serratis supra glabriuaculis subtu3 
molliter pubescentibus v. velutinis, petiolo brevi glandulis sessilibus, 
stipulis dimidiato-orbiculatis v. falcato-ovatis denticulatia acutis, 
bracteis in tubum velutinum non venosum 3-lobum basi subventri- 
cosum connatis, calycis tubo cylindrico elongato lobisque extus cano- 
pubescentibus, sepalis intus petalisque oblongis coccineis. 

Tacsonia quitensis, Benth. Plant. Hartweg, p. 183. Masters, in Gard. 
Chron. 1869, p. 388, 1870, p. 955. 



This is another New Grenadan and Equador Tacsonia of 
the same section as T. mollissima (Tab. Nost. 4187) and 
T. eriantha (Tab. Nost. 5750), from both of which it differs 
by slight, and perhaps not altogether constant characters— 
from mollissima in the much less tomentose branches, stem, 
and leaves; from eriantha in the shape of the bract-tube, 
which is here not ribbed and veined ; and from both in the far 
more beautiful flower, which is of a bright rose-crimson colour. 
It is a native of the Quitenian Andes, whence we have dried 
specimens collected by its discoverer, Hartweg, who states 
that it grows wild in ravines near the city, and is also culti- 
vated ;— from Dr. Jameson, who gives its range in altitude as 
8500 to 13,000 feet ;— from Spruce, who found it in woods on 
the western slopes of Pichincha;— and from McLean, gathered 
in Peru (but without locality). There are still several other 
very similar Venezuelan, New Grenadan, Equadorian, and 
Peruvian species of this section to be introduced, amongst 
which it is very difficult to find specific characters, if indeed 
most may not prove to be varieties of one widely diffused 

DECEMBER 1ST, 1870. 



species which extends along the mountains of the coasts of 
the Caribbean sea or Spanish main, from the months of the 
Magdalena to Venezuela, and thence along the Andes to Peru. 
Flowering specimens of T. quitensis were first sent to me by 
Isaac Anderson Henry, Esq., F.L.S., in July of this year, and 
the specimen here figured flowered in the Temperate House 
of the Eoyal Gardens in October. The plants in both cases 
were raised from seeds sent by Professor Jameson, so long 
Professor of Botany in the University of Quito, and the zealous 
explorer during forty years of Andean botany, who has now 
removed to the University of San Juan, on the west side of 
the Andes of Chili ; a country of which exceedingly little is 
known botanically, and from whence we expect many novelties 
from our old friend. — /. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Vertical section of base of calyx-tube, of the natural size ; and 2, 
portion of corona — magnified. 



5877. 




■'h.deletliih 



VincaiitBrooks.Da.y &Son,Irnp. 



Tab. 5877. 
GEISSORHIZA 'grandis. 

Large-flowered Tile-root. 



Nat. Ord. Iride^e. — Triandria Monogynia. 



Gen. Char. — Perianthium corollinum, infundibuliforme, tubo brevi v. 
elongato; limbi ampli 6-partiti lacirme subaequales, basi poro nectarifero 
instructs, erecto-patentes. Stamina 3, tubo perianthii inserta, suberecta, 
inclusa, filamentis filifbrmibus ; antherae lineares, basifixaj. Ovarium ob- 
tuse 3-gonum, 3-loculare ; stylus filiformis, stigmatibus 3 lineari-cuneatis 
conduplicatis margine subfimbriatis ; ovula plurima, in angulo centrali locu- 
larum 2-seriata, horizontalia, anatropa. Capsula membranacea, pris- 
matico-3-gona, 3-locularis, loculicido-3-valvis. Semina plurima minuta.— - 
Herbee Africse-australis et Abyssinia?. Rhizoma bulboso-tuberosum, bulbo exuviis 
crustaceis v. scariosis deorsum imbricatis tunicato. Folia pauca, radicalia 
v. radicalia et caulina, setacea linearia v. emiformia. Scapus simplex v. 
ramosus. Flores secundi, solitarii v. spicati, singuli spatha 2-valvi 
inelusis. 



Geissorhtza grandis; caule robusto pedali folioso, foliis § poll. diam. 
lineari-ensiformibus obtusis, spica 5-7-flora, bracteis spathaceis convo- 
lutis lanceolatis perianthii tubum gracillimum elongatum pollicarem 
superantibus, perianthii limbo 2 poll. diam. segmentis a^qualibus obo- 
vato-ellipticis obtusis pallide stramineis costa tenui sanguinea, antheris 
fusco-purpureis. 



The genus Geissorhiza includes some twenty species, all 
natives of the Cape Colony, with the exception of an un- 
described Madagascarian, and an Abyssinian one (G. abyssi- 
nica, Br.), which extends from Abyssinia across tropical 
Africa to the Cameroons Mountains, in the Bight of Benin 
{G. montana, Hk. F.), and to which Klat has further referred 
a Cape species. Of all these not one approaches either in 
stature or size of flower the subject of the present plate, of 
which bulbs were sent to the Koyal Gardens in 1866, by 
Mr. Wilson, keeper of St. George's Park, Port Elizabeth, 
and which flowered first in May, 1868. 

Descr. Bulbs globose, the size of a hazel-nut, clothed with 
a delicate closely reticulated fibrous tunic. Stem ten to 

DECEMBER 1ST, 1870. 



twelve inches high, stout, leafy throughout. Leaves 
radical, eight inches long by three-quarters broad, linear- 
ensiform, obtuse, green, strongly ribbed towards the base ; 
those on the scape shorter but nearly as broad. Spike six 
to eight-flowered. Flowers inclined; spathaceous bracts 
narrow-lanceolate, convolute, longer than the perianth tube, 
which is about one inch long and very slender. Perianth 
two inches to two and a half in diameter; segments elliptic- 
obovate, obtuse, patent, pale straw-coloured, with a blood-red 
midrib, which is very slender in front, but broader at the back, 
and expands at the base, extending over the claw and tube. 
Filaments pale; anthers linear -sagittate, red-brown. Stigmas 
pale, recurved. — 7. D. H. 



Fig. 1 Section of tube of perianth, showing the stamens, style, and 
gmas ; ng. 2, transverse section of immature fruit :— both magnified. 



stigmas ; 



INDEX, 

In which the Latin Names of the Plants contained in the 
Twenty-sixth Volume of the Third Series (or Ninety- 
sixth Volume of the Work) are alphabetically arranged. 



PtiTE 

5835 Acacia riceana. 
5848 Anthurium ornatum. 

5816 Antigonon leptopus. 

5836 Arenaria purpurasceus. 

5869 Aristolochia barbata. 

5854 Asimina Triloba. 
5866 Barleria Mackenii. 
5857 Brodisea coccinea. 
5862 Calochortus Leichtlinii 

5874 Cassia mimosoides 
5856 Cereus fulgidus. 
5829 Clavija macrophylla. 
5865 Clusia odorata. 

5817 Cucumis Anguria. 

5821 Curcuma Petiolata. 

5838 Cyclonema myricoides. 
5851 Cymbidium canaliculatum. 

5855 Cypripedium candidum. 
5813 Dahlia imperialis. 
5819 Delphinium nudicaule. 
5825 Dendrobium lasioglossum. 
5871 Dodecatheon Meadia; var 

frigidum. 
5846 Dracaena cylindrica. 

5822 Enkyanthus Japonicus. 
5853 Eritrichium nanum. 

5824 Erythrochiton Hypophyllan- 
thus. 

5875 Eulophie Helleborina. 
5877 Geissorhiza grandis. 
5873 Gladiolus Saundersii. 

5870 Grevillea Banksii. 

5837 Grevillea Preissii. 
5842 Hechtia Ghiesbreghtii. 

5839 Hernandia moerenhoutiana. 



PLATS 

5820 Hoya Australia. 
5847 Iris Iberica. 

5814 Jerdonia indica. 

5863 Leptosiphon parviflorus ; i 

rosaceus. 

5827 Linaria tristis. 
5861 Lissochilus Krebsii. 
5852 Malope malacoide9. 

5843 Miltonia Warscewiczii. 
5818 Monolena Primulaaflora. 

5840 Mormodes Colossus. 

5831 Narcissus bulbocodium ; \ 

monophyllus. 

5828 CEnothera marginata. 
5867 (Enothera Whitneyi. 

5858 Oncidium cryptocopis. 

5844 Ophrys speculum. 

5833 Orthosiphon stamineus. 
5826 Paranephelius uniflorus. 

5864 Passiflora arborea. 

5815 Phalamopsis Parishii. 

5841 Plectranthus coleoides. 

5832 Rhynchotechum ellipticum. 
5860 Salvia interruj)ta. 

5849 Saxifraga aretioides 
5868a Serapiaa cordigera. 
5868b Serapias Lingua. 
5823 Solanurn venustum. 
5872 Stenoglotlis iimbriala 
5830 Stylophorum japonicum. 

5859 Tabernasmontana Barteri. 
5876 Tacsonia quitensis. 

5850 Tillandsia Lindeniana. 

5834 Vanda caerulescens. 

5845 Vanda Cathcarti. 



INDEX, 

In which, the English Names of the Plants contained in the 
Twenty-sixth Volume of the Third Series (or Ninety- 
sixth Volume of the Work), are alphabetically arranged. 



PLATE 

5835 
5848 
5816 

5854 

5866 
5869 
5857 
5862 
5874 
5856 
5829 
5865 
5871 

5821 
5838 
5851 

5813 
5825 
5846 
5822 
5853 

5875 

5817 

5837 
5842 

5814 



Acacia, Mr. Spring-Rice's. 
Anthurium, white-spathed. 
Antigonon, slender- stemmed. 
Apple, North American Papaw 

or Custard. 
Barleria, Mr. McKen's. 
Birthwort, bearded. 
Brodiasa, scarlet-flowered. 
Calochortus, Max Leichtlin's. 
Cassia, mimosa-leaved. 
Cereus, glittering-flowered. 
Clavija, large-leaved. 
Clusia, sweet-scented. 
Cowslip, American or Shooting 

Star; Arctic variety. 
Curcuma, long-petioled. 
Cyclonema, myrica-like. 
Cymbidium, channelled- 

leaved. 
Dahlia, Imperial. 
Dendrobe, hairy-lipped. 
Dracaena, cylindric-spiked. 
Enkyantlms, Japanese. 
Eritrichium, dwarf alpine. 
Erythrochiton, Linden's. 
Eulophia, Helleborine. 
Gherkin, West Indian. 
Gladiolus, Mr. Wilson Saun- 

Grevillea, Preiss 

Grevillea, Sir Joseph Banks*. 

Ibchtia, Ghiesbreght's. 

Hernandia, Tahitian. 

Hoy a, Australian. 

Iris. Iberian. 



mil white, or 



Moccasson Flower. 



5819 Larkspur, naked-stemmed. 

5863 Leptosiphon, rosy-flowered. 
5861 Lissochilus, Mr. Kreb's. 
5852 Mallow, Barbary Bastard. 

5843 Miltonia, M. Warscewicz's. 
5818 Mondena, primrose-flowered. 

5840 Mormodes, large-flowered. 

5831 Narcissus, hoop-petticoat; 

single-leaved variety. 

5858 Oncidium, long-sepalled. 

5844 Ophrys, looking-glass. 
5872 Orchid, Spotted Natal. 
5833 Orthosiphon, long-stamened. 

5826 Paranephelius, single-flowered. 

5864 Passion-flower Tree. 

5815 Phahenopsis, Eev. C. H. 
Parish's 

5841 Plectranthus, Colens-flowered. 
5828 Primrose, red-nerved evening. 
5867 Primrose, Whitney's evening. 

5832 Ehynchotechum, elliptic - 

leaved. 
5860 Sage, ash-leaved. 
5836 Sandwort, purple alpine. 

5849 Saxifrage, Aretia-like. 
5868a Serapias, heart-lipped. 
5868b Serapias, tongue-lipped. 
5823 Solanum, graceful. 
5830 Stylophorum, Japanese. 

5859 Taberna?montana, Mr. Bar- 

ter's. 

5876 Tacsonia, Quito. 

5877 Tile-root, large-flowered. 

5850 Tillandsia, M. Linden's. 

5827 Toad-flax, sombre-flowered. 
~>xi'> Vanda, Mr. Cathcart's. 
•> s -">4 Vanda, pale-blue.