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iarantjs of tf)t &ofial tf artfeng of lUfo 



JOSEPH DALTON HOOKER, M.D., C.B., F.R.S., L.S., fire. 



(Or Vol. XCV1I. of the Whole WorJc.) 

Since flowers hare their allotted honr, 
When all their charms must fade away, 

Art must exert her skill and power 
To save their beauty from decay.— F. H. M. 






My Dear Sir, 

Your frequent contributions to the " Botanical Maga- 
zine," especially of Andean plants raised by yourself from seeds 
communicated by our indefatigable friend, Professor Jameson (late 
of Quito), your well-known skill as a Horticulturist, and your 
liberal patronage of that art, render it no less a duty than it is a 
pleasure to offer you the dedication of a volume of this work. 

Believe me, 

My dear Sir, 

Most faithfully yours, 


Royal Gardens, Kew, 
Dec. 1st, 1871. 



W Fitch M etkth 

Vim.'i Dl I I ::,Jlnp 

Tab. 5878. 


Native of Mexico. 

Nat. Ord. Orchide^e. — Tribe Vande^e. 
Genus Oncidium, Swartz ; (Endl. Gen. PL, vol. i. p. 203). 

Oncidium (Homoeantlia) tigrinum ; pseudobulbis ovatis ovato-rotundatisve 
compressis 2-phyllis, foliis oblongo-linearibus obtusis basi angustatis, 
racemo elongato volubili, bracteis parvia appressis, floiibus am pi is, 
sepalis liberis petalisque lineari-oblongis recurvis undulatis flavis 
brunneo-fasciatis, labelli flavi lobis lateralibus parvis |-orbicularil>us 
intermedio amplissimo breviter late unguiculato transverse laic oblongo 
emarginato, ungue basi bituburculato v. 2-carinato cum crista !u-c\ i 
intermedia elongata, columns} alis patentibus obtusis. 

Oncidium tigrinum, Llav. et Lex. Orchid. Mex., p. 36. Limit. Qen. and 

Sp. Orchid., 203. Fol. Orchid., n. 157. 
Oncidium Barkeri, Lindl. in Bet. Reg., 1841. Misc. n. 174. Serf. Orchid. 

t. 48. Paxt. Mag., vol. xiv. p. 97. Lemaire, III. Hortic, 1854, t. 2. 

Odontoglossum tigrinum, Lindl. in Fol. Orchid., n. 157. 
Var. splendidum, major, floribus amplissimis, labelli lobo intermedio 1^- 
poll. lato, lateralibus vix j poll, latis. 

Oncidium splendidum, A. Rich, ex Duchartre in Journ. Hoc. Imp. Hori. 
Paris, 1862, p. 50. Flore des Serres, t. 1825. 

I see no reason whatever for regarding this splendid plant 
as other than a slight variety of the original 0. tigrinum ; whose 
variations, including var. unguiculatum, Lindl. (0. ionosmum, 
Hort.) are very far within the limits reached by other species 
of the genus. It is a native of the Irapscan mountains, near 
Valladolid and Paracho, and of Mechoacan, both in Mexico ; 
and, according to Van Houtte (Flore des Serres) of Guatemala. 
The magnificent variety here figured flowered in the splendid 
collection of Lord Londesborough, in February, IS 70, and 
bore twenty flowers on a branched raceme, supported by a 
peduncle two feet long. It is, without doubt, the finest 
Oncidium hitherto discovered. 

Descr. Pseudo-bulbs crowded, two to three and a-half inches 
long, younger pear-shaped, older more orbicular, much 

JANUARY 1st, 1871. 

compressed, with obtuse edges, green, young concealed by 
large sheatbing scales. Leaves a foot long by two feet and a- 
balf broad whtn fully developed, dark green, narrowly linear, 
oblong, obtuse, somewhat contracted at the folded base. 
Peduncle two feet long, bearing a branched, many-flowered 
raceme half as long ; bracts appressed ; pedicels green, in- 
cluding the ovary, one inch to one and a half long. Flowers 
three inches long from the tips of the upper sepal to the base 
of the lip, two inches across the tip. Sepals and petals 
subequal, linear, acute, recurved or revolute, much waved, 
yellow, transversely blotched with rich chesnut brown. Lip 
all yellow, nearly flat, lateral lobes reduced to small 
half-orbicular auricles ; mid-lobe transversely oblong, 
notched at the tip, subcordate at the base ; disk of lip with 
two small, short, abrupt ridges at the very base, and a 
longer central one produced on to the mid-lobe. Column 
very short, with oblong spreading wings. — J.D.II. 

Fig. 1, Column and base of lip, slightly magnified. 


W. "Fitch.del.etlith. 

Vincent Brooks Day & Son.Imp 

Tab. 5879. 


Native of Brazil. 

Nat. Ord. Sapindace^e. — Suborder, Sapinde^e. 
Genus Paullinia, Linn.; (Benth. and Hook. F., Gen. Plant., vol. i. p. 394). 

Paullinia thalictrifolia ; ramulis pubescenti-tomentosis, foliis pubescentibus 
subbipinnatis, pinnis 3-8 jugis, foliolis subsessilibus oblique obovatis 
superoribus integris v. 1-3 crenatis intermediis paucicrenatis v. lobulatis, 
infimis 3-lobis v. 3-sectis, rachibus ultimis compressis, stipulis 
deciduis, pedunculis axillaribus spiralibus foliis multo brevioribus 
simplicibus v. ramosis multifloris, pedunculis robustis, floribus par vis 
subsessilibus, calyeis lobis obtusis petalis triplo brevioribus, filamentis 
basi carinatis, stylo alte 3-fido, capsula a basi 3-alata, alis sursuin 
dilatatis apice divaricatis. 

Paullinia thalictrifolia, A. Juss. in Ann. 3Ius., vol. iv. p. 347, t. 66, f. 1. 
DC. Prod., vol. i. p. 605. 

P. bipinnata, Poiret, Encycl., vol. iv. p. 37. 

P. fluminensis, Velloz. Flor. Flum., vol. iv- 1. 37. 

It is seldom that a woody Tropical climber of tlie natu- 
ral family to which the subject of the present Plate belongs, 
affords a subject of much horticultural interest: and this 
owes its exceptional character to the beautifully feathery 
foliage, which, accompanied by its scandent habit, gives it 
when in a young state the habit and appearance of a climbing 
Davillia, or allied Fern. In this condition it flowers very 
sparingly ; and herbarium specimens, gathered from full- 
grown plants in Brazil, have a coarse woody habit and much 
larger leaflets. The plant is a native of the Rio de Janeiro 
province of Brazil, whence it was imported by Messrs. Veitch 
of the Royal Exotic Nurseries, King's-road, Chelsea, with 
whom it flowered in October, 1870. 

Descr. A woody climber, probably many feet high. Stem 
terete, slender, and branches densely clothed with a velvety 
januahv 1st, 1871. 

tomentum. Leaves four to ten inches long, deltoid- ovate 
in outline, 3-ternately-pinnate, pubescent, main rachis an- 
gular, partial flattened, or obscurely winged ; pinnae in six 
to eight pairs, narrow-ovate, upper linear ; pinnules four to 
eight pairs, one-third to two-thirds of an inch long, rather 
coriaceous terminal obovate-cuneate, usually 3 -'crenate 
lateral obliquely obovate, contracted at the base or ob- 
scurely petiolate, upper 2- to 3-crenate or lobulate, lower 2- 
to 3-lobed, or 3-sect. Racemes short, axillary, many- 
flowered, densely pubescent, simple or branched ; rachis short 
Mowers in small clusters, one-eighth of an inch in diameter 
very shortly pedicelled. Sepals small, oblong, obtuse, two- 
thirds shorter than the petals, green. Petals obliquely 
obovate, very pale pink, concave ; inner with a large irregu- 
larly shaped appendage, which is ciliate on one side: Stamens 
erect; filaments connate at the base ; anthers small. Ovary 
3-gonous, pubescent; style 3-partite, stigmas simple.— 
«/. JJ. H. . *■ 

Fig. 1, Flower; 2 the same with two petals removed; 3 and 4, inner 
petals ; 5, stamens and pistil , 6 pistil -.—all magnified. 


'rooks,!/ ay* : 

Tab. 5880. 

Native of the Upper Amazons. 

Nat. Ord. AaisTOLOCHiACEvE. — Tribe Akistolochik.e. 
Genua Aristolochia, Linn. ; {Duchartre, in DO. Prod., vol. xiv. p. 432). 

Aristolochia (Gymnolobus) Duchartrei ; snffruticosa, scandens, cortice 
suberoso, foliis coriaceis longe petiolatis late renifbrmi -cordatis abrupte 
acuminatis 5-7-nerviis basi leviter cordatis v. truncatis, superne glabris 
glaucescentibus, subtus pallidis nervis pubescentibus, floribus numerosis 
inracemos axillares breves dispositis, pedicellis curvis, perianthio majus- 
cido, tnbo subcylindrico basi intruso abrupte in limbum refractum 
oblique campanulatum concavum attenuato, limbo expanso ambitu 
ovato cordato extus pallido costato et reticulato inter nervos lacunoso, 
intus flavo purpureo-maculato, maculis substellatis, ore pallido, stylo 
lobis 6 ovato-Ianceolatis, 

Aristolochia Duchartrei; Andre in Le mouvement horticole de 1867, p. 61. 
Revue Ilortk. 1867, p. 383. III. Hortic. 1868, p. 97, and 1870, p. 1. 
Masters, in Gard. Chron. 1868, p. 516, cum ic. xylog. 

A curious and showy species of Aristolochia, discovered by 
M. Wallis on the Upper Amazons, whilst collecting for Mr. 
Linden of Brussels in 1S66, and named by M. Andre in 
honour of M. Duchartre, the eminent Paris botanist, and 
author of the " Monograph of Aristolochia" in De Candolle's 
" Prodromus." As a species it is allied to the A. leuconeura 
(Tab. Nost. 5420), but has much handsomer flowers, which 
are abundantly produced during a good part of the year. 

The specimen here figured flowered in the Koyal Gardens 
in January, 1868, and was received from Mr. Linden. 

Descr. Stem climbing, as thick as the little ringer, brown, 
grooved, corky. Branches annual, slender, glaucous. Leaves 
long petioled, four to five inches in diameter, coriaceous, 
shining, broadly reniform- cordate, suddenly acuminate, dark- 
green and glaucous above, pale below, palm ately five to seven- 

JANUARY 1ST, 1871. 

nerved ; nerves beneath pubescent, reticulated. Flowers from 
the old wood, in short almost sessile racemes ; rachis or 
peduncle one to two inches long ; pedicel curved, one inch 
long ; ovary as Ion or, tomentose. Perianth with a cylin- 
dric pale tube, half to one inch long by half to two- 
thirds of an inch in diameter, which is truncated and introrse 
at the base, beyond this the perianth is suddenly contracted, 
refracted on itself, and expands into a broadly oblique funnel- 
shaped limb, with an ovate-cordate, concave mouth, two and 
a half to three inches in diameter ; basal part or tube whitish, 
with pale brown streaks ; limbs strongly ribbed and veined, 
externally, pitted between the veins, pale brownish-red, 
clouded with darker blotches ; inner surface cream-coloured, 
with large stellate or irregularly mottled purple blotches, 
throat cream-coloured. Column short, with six anthers, and 
as many ovate-lanceolate erect stigmatic lobes. — /. B. H. 

Fig. 1, Column, magnified. 


W. Fitch, delet Mt 

YmcentBrooks.Day ASonJi 

Tab. 5881. 

HiEMANTHUS tenuiflorus, vau. coccineus. 
A Native of Abyssinia. 

Nat. Ord. Amaeyllide^-k — .Tribe Ahartll&S. 
Genus IL'emanthus, Linn.; {Enrtl, Gen. PL, vol. i. p. 177). 

HjEMANTHUS tenuiflorvs ; bulbo ovoideo, foliis seiotinis cylindraceo- 
vaginantibis ellipticis in petiolum vix angustatis, vagina exteriore basi 
purpureo-maculatis, inflorescentia prsecoci, scapo stricto viridi cora- 
presso, bracteis lineari-oblongis inasqualibus patentibus pallidis, Horibus 
numerosissimis, pedicellis pollicaribus, corollas tubo| poll, longo, laciniia 
anguste-linearibus § poll, longis erecto-patentibus filamentisque cocci- 
neis, antheris aureis. 

HjEMANTHUStenuifiorua; Herbert, in Bot.-Mag. t. 3870. Kunth, Enum. vol. v. 
p. 587. 

Var. coccineus : floribus coccineis. 

A native of Abyssinia, where it was collected by tlie 
Honble. E.Leslie Melville, wlio accompanied the Abyssinian 
Expedition, in 1868, and who presented the plant to the 
Royal Gardens. It appears to be specifically identical with 
the H. tenuijbrm of Herbert, of which a pale-flowered variety 
(var. Mozambicensis) is figured in the 07th volume of this 
work, from a specimen flowered by Mr. Herbert himself, at 
Spofforth. Coming as it does from Abyssinia, I was at first 
disposed to refer it to the unknown II. abyssynicus, Herb. 
(Amaryll. p. 232), but that species is described as having 
many purple reflexed spathes, and very small flowers. In his 
remarkable work on the Amaryllidacese (which abounds in 
curious and very often highly philosophical discussions), Mr. 
Herbert states in his remarks at the end of Hsemanthus 
(p. 239), that the species of his first section " flower with the 
leaves in vigour, instead of before their appearance," and he 
includes in this section his //. detagoenm (Amaryll. p. 233), 
a species which he subsequently (Tab. Nost. 8870), refers to 

■TAXUARY 1st, 1871, 

tenuiforus, which again he himself figures as in full flower 
with the leaves not yet developed. 

Hcemanthis tenuiforus appears to have a very wide range 
in latitude ; we possess specimens from various localities, from 
Delagoa Bay to the White Nile ; it differs from the W. African 
H. multijtorus (Tab. Nost. 961 and 1995), in the less dense 
head of flowers ; and in their appearing before the leaves. 

Descr. Bulb ovoid, coated with brown scales. Leaves 
three to five, autumnal, four to five inches long, elliptic, with 
long tubular sheathing bases, which together form an erect 
cylindric stem two to four inches high, and as thick as 
the little finger, green, spotted purple at the base. Scape 
vernal, erect, green, compressed, four inches long, half an inch 
in diameter. Spat/ies one inch to one and a half long, 
linear-oblong, spreading, subacute, pale-green and purplish. 
Flowers very numerous but not very dense, in a depressed 
subspherical head ; peduncles one to one and a half inch 
long, pale. Ovary small, green. Perianth scarlet ; tube 
one-quarter of an inch long ; lobes two-thirds of an inch long, 
very slender, spreading, with upturned hooded points. Fila- 
ments scarlet; as long as the perianth-segment; anthers 
small, yellow. Style scarlet. — J. I). H. 

Fig. 1, Flower ; 2, pistil ; 3, transverse section of ovary : — all magnified. 



Vincent Brooks, Day icSon, Imp. 

Tab. 5882. 

Native of the Peninsula of India. 

Nat. Ord. Acanthace2B. — Tribe Asystasieje. 
Genus Asystasia, Blum; {Endl. Gen. PL, vol. i. p. 701.) 

Asystasia violacea ; caule glaberrimo ascendente obtuse 4-gono, foliis 
breviter petiolatis ovatis acutis v. acuminatis, superioribus subsessilibus 
basi rotundatis, utrinque liirtellis glabratisve, racemis terminalibus 
solitarns v. geminis strictis erectis remotifloris, bracteis 3 minutis, pe- 
dicelhs brevissimis, calycis laciniis lineari-lanceolatis subacutis hirtellis 
tubo corolla? multo brevioribus, corollas violacea? pollicaris extus glan- 
dulosa? tubo medio constricto, fauce ampliato, limbi sub 2-Iabiati 
laciniis ovatis obtusis patentibus albo-limbatis, capsula glandulosa 
clavata longe unguiculata. 

Asystasia violacea, Dalzell, in Hook. Kew Journ. Bot., vol. ii. p. 139 (1850). 

A native of the Concan Provinces of the Western Peninsula 
of India. I refer it with some hesitation to the Asystasia violacea 
of Dalzell (a plant omitted in the late Dr. T. Anderson's valu- 
able monograph of Indian Acanthaceee published in theLinnsean 
Society's Journal, vol. ix. p. 139), the calyx appearing smaller 
than in authentic dried specimens of A. violacea received from 
Mr. Dalzell himself; the lower lip of the corolla being not so 
prominent as he describes it, and no notice being taken in his 
description of the broad white margins of the corolla-lobes. 
From the common Ceylon and Peninsular Indian A. chelo- 
moidcs, of which it may be a form, it differs in the simple 
raceme, short petioles, and subsessile flowers. A. Coromande- 
liana, Kees, a very common Indian plant, has much larger 
flowers, and also long-petioled leaves. Our specimens were 
raised from seeds sent by Dr. Anderson, of the Calcutta 
Botanic Gardens, under the name of^. chelonioides, of which, 
as before observed, it may be a form. 

Descr. Stem slender, one to two feet high, decumbent at 

■u\uai:y i STj 187]. 

the base, sparingly branched, glabrous; branches obtusely 
4-angled. Leaves one to three inches long, shortly petioled, 
ovate, broadly-ovate, or ovate-lanceolate, acute or acumi- 
nate, with an obtuse tip, deep green, minutely hairy on both 
surfaces, upper usually very rounded at the base. Bacemes 
solitary or two together, rarely three, from the tips of the 
branches, two to four inches long, strict, erect. Flowers 
secund ; pedicels very short, 3-bracteate at the base ; bracts 
minute, subulate. Calyx small, one-quarter of an inch long, 
somewhat pubescent ; segments subulate-lanceolate, suberect. 
Corolla three-quarters to one inch long ; tube half an inch, 
rather slender, inflated at the base within the calyx, whitish ; 
throat as long as the tube, subcampanulate, violet-purple, 
striped with white ; segments five, nearly equal, ovate, obtuse, 
violet-purple, with a broad white limb, the lower segments 
rather larger and deeper coloured. Anthers small, included. 
Ovary glandular ; style slender, stigma minutely bifid. — 

Fig. 1, Corolla laid open; 2, stamens; 3, calyx and pistil; 4, ovary 
and disk ; 5, vertical section of do. — all magnified. 


W. Fitch, del. etlith 

Vincent Brooks.Day&Son. Imp 

Tab. 5883. 

Native of Brazil. 

Nat. Ord. Amaryllidace^e. — Tribe Amaryllide,e. 
Genus Amaryllis, Linn. ; (Endl. Gen. PL, vol. i. p. 176). 

Amaryllis (Hippeastrum) Rayneri ; bulbo elongato-ovoideo v. lagenseformi. 
foliis distichis falcato-arcuatis l-|-2 poll, latis ensiformibus apice at- 
tenuate obtuso firmis creberrime striatis viridibus fulvo marginatis, 
scapo valde compresso ancipiti viridi fistuloso 1-1^-pedali diametro 
pollicis, floribus 2-3, bracteis viridibus membranuceis, 3 exterioribus 
laneeolatis, 3 interioribus linearibus, pedicellis l^-pollicaribus, floribua 
5-6-poll. longis, ovario obovoideo, perianthii foliolis oblanceolatis acutia 
supra medium recurvis undulatis pallide purpureis medio albis, 3 exte- 
rioribus sub apice cucullatis, staminibus declinatis incur vis, anther ia 
flavis, stigmate 3-lobo. 

A very stately plant, remarkable for the broad and sickle- 
shaped, buff-edged leaves, and large size of the pale, purple 
flowers ; its bulbs were sent by Mr. Williams of Bahia, a 
gentleman who has introduced many fine plants from Brazil, 
to Dr. Eayner of Uxbridge, who flowered it in November, 
1 870, and whose merits as an ardent and successful culti- 
vator, I venture to commemorate by giving his name to this 
superb plant. 

Of the described species of the Hippeastrum section of 
Amaryllis, I find none that agree with this in most of its 
characters, though in the form of the falcate leaves it re- 
sembles A. calyptrata, Ker, (Bot. Keg., vol. ii. t. 104), also a 
native of Brazil, from whence indeed the majority of the 
genus hitherto introduced into European gardens have been 

I have followed Endlicher, and the majority of botanists, 
in treating Hippeastrum as a section of Amaryllis, keeping it 
sectionally distinct on account of the hollow scape: how 
far this character coincides with that drawn from the seeds, 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1871. 

and relied upon by Herbert and others, is not yet satisfac- 
torily ascertained. Amaryllis, according to these latter 
authors, should have fleshy seeds, and Hippeastrum angular 
seeds, with a black seed-coat, characters which have not been 
sufficiently investigated, because of the rarity of fruiting 
specimens of either genus (or section) in herbaria or gardens. 
Descr. Bulb ten inches long, narrow-ovoid or flask-shaped, 
covered with pale membranous scales. Leaves distichous, 
sixteen to twenty inches long, remarkably sickle-shaped, all 
curling in the same direction, two to two and a half inches 
diameter, narrowed to an obtuse point, coriaceous, densely 
striate, flat except at the concave base, deep green, with a 
narrow buff margin. Scape one to one and a half feet high, 
short, erect, much compressed, 2-edged, green, hollow. 
Spathes about six, two to three inches long, membranous ; 
outer lanceolate, convolute, subacute; inner linear, very narrow. 
Flowers two to three, horizontal ; pedicels one to one and a 
half inch long. Ovary short, obovoid. Perianth five to six 
inches long, four to five inches diameter across the tips of the 
segments, funnel-shaped ; segments pale purple, with whitish 
tips and median band, oblanceolate, striated externally, 
acute, margins waved, upper one-third recurved, the outer 
with thickened hooded tips. Filaments pale, approximate, 
declinate, with arched upcurved tips ; anthers oblong, yellow. 
Style slender, tip upcurved ; stigma 3-lobed. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Diminished view of the whole plant ; 2, stigma : — loth magnified. 



"Vincent Br oolts.Da,y& Son,Imp 

Tab. 5884. 

gladiolus dracocephalus. 

Native of the Natal Colony. 

Nat. Ord. Iride^e. — Tribe Gladiole^e. 

Gladiolus (Hebea) dracocephalus ; scapo 2-3-pedali, foliis elongato-ensifor- 
mibus f-l| poll, latis acutis costa media valida, spica laxiflora, floribus 
secundis, bracteis tubo perianthii longioribus anguste oblongo-lanceolatis 
acuminatis viridibus, periaathio horizontali v. subdecurvo sub 2-labiato, 
segmentis 3 superioribus majoribus obovato-ellipticis sordide flavis 
purpureo creberrime striolatis, 2 lateralibus erectis apicibus recurvis, 
postico fornicato decurvo, segmentis 3 inferioribus multo minoribus 
deflexis revolutis oblongo-obovatis obtusis viridibus punctis purpureis 
conspersis, stigmatibus brevibus linearibus. 

At Tab. 5873 was figured a new species of Gladiolus, 
communicated by Mr. Wilson Sanders, remarkable for the 
vivid colouring of its flowers ; and we have now from the 
same gentleman, another, and also a new species, no less re- 
markable for the contrast it affords in the lurid hues of its 
flowers, which are wholly unlike those of any of its congeners 
known to me. 

It was discovered at the foot of the Drachenberg Mountains, 
in the West of the Natal Colony, by Mr. Cooper, Mr. Wilson 
Saunders' successful S. African collector, and was flowered in 
the Hillfield Gardens, Eeigate, in August of last year. Mr. 
J. G. Baker, who fortunately for science and horticulture 
has taken up the study of the long neglected petaloid mono- 
cotyledons, informs me that it is certainly not described in 
Klat's monograph of Gladiolus (Linnsea, v. 3), but belongs to 
that author's section Hebea, and further remarks, that with 
the very broad leaves of G. Papilio (Tab. Nost. 5565), it has 
the perianth of G. viper atus (Tab. Nost. 688), which also 
belongs to the two-lipped division, but differs widely in habit 
and the form of the perianth- segments. The publication of 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1871. 

two new Gladioli, within so short a period, and from localities 
inhabited by Europeans, shows how much there is still to be 
done in the way of introducing new plants from well-known 
and very accessible quarters of the globe. 

Descr. Roots not seen. Leaves numerous, six to twelve 
inches long, by one to one and a half broad, pale green, 
ensiform, acute, uni-costate. Scape or stem sixteen to 
eighteen inches high, stout, terete. Spike erect, 5- to 7- 
flowered ; flowers secund. Bracts large, two to three inches 
long, lanceolate, convolute, acuminate, erect, green, much 
exceeding the perianth-tube, half of which they enclose. 
Perianth about two inches long, and as broad across the tips 
of the segments, 2-lipped, three upper segments yellowish, 
closely striated with dull red purple, elliptic-obovate, shortly 
clawed, two outer wing-like, spreading, with acute recurved 
tips ; posterior one arched and hooded, projecting horizontally 
between the lateral ; two lower segments much smaller, de- 
flexed, recurved or revolute, linear-oblong, bright green, 
spotted with purple. Stigmas three, linear, revolute. — 
J. D. II 

Fig. 1, Tip of filament and anther; 2, tip of style and stigma:— both 


W. Pitch, del etlith. 

"Vincent Brooks , Day &Sanjmp 

Tab. 5885. 
CIRSIUM Grahami. 

Native of New Mexico. 

Nat. Ord. Composite. — Suborder Ctnaeocephale^:. 
Genua Ciesium, Tourn. ; (Endl. Gen. PL, vol. i. p. 477). 

Cirsium Grahami ; caule 3-5-pedali apice parce ramoso, ramia monocephalis, 
foliia subtus cano-lanuginosis supra leviter arachnoideis mox nudia lan- 
ceolatis sinuatia v. subpinnatifidis spinuloso-ciliatia lobis dentibuave 
breviter spinosis, caulinis semi-amplexicaulibua haud decurrentibus, 
involucro ovoideo-globoso basi nudo v. bracteolia paucis parvia inatructo, 
squamis coriaceis appressis glabratis lanceolatia spinula brevi terminatis, 
corollis intense incarnatis. 

Cirsium Grahami, A. Gray in Plant. Wright, Nov. Mex., p. 102. 

The brilliant colouring of the flower-head of this thistle, 
together with its snow-white stems branches and under- 
face of the leaves, render it a very striking border plant in 
the garden. The seeds were sent to the Koyal Gardens, 
Kew, from New Mexico, by Dr. Walker (late surgeon and 
naturalist of the Arctic Searching Expedition, under Captain 
Sir F. L. McClintock, K.N., which found the Franklin 
remains), and who is now travelling in KW. America. It 
was discovered by the indefatigable botanical collector, Mr. 
Charles Wright, in 1851, when accompanying Col. Graham 
on the U.S. Boundary Commission, in low grounds of valleys 
between the Soniota and San Pedro, Sonora. 

As a species it comes very near to C. umlulatum, Spreng., 
{€. Douglam, DC), and C. Hookerianum, Nutt., both natives 
of N.W. America, if indeed all these be not forms of one 
wide-spread and not very variable plant : it differs mainly in 
the more glabrous involucre, with much shorter, less recurved 
spinulose tips to the bracts. 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1871. 

Descr. A rather slender, sparingly branched herb, pro- 
bably biennial. Stem three to five feet high, erect or decum- 
bent at the base, angular, densely clothed with white cottony 
wool, as are the underside of the leaves and the peduncles 
of the flower-heads. Leaves lanceolate, six to fifteen inches 
long, acute, sinuate lobed or pinnatifid, lobes or segments 
very unequal, and unequally pungently toothed, upper sur- 
face at first cobwebby, at length glabrate, rather dull green ; 
upper leaves sessile, oblong or lanceolate, less toothed and 
lobed. Heads few, terminating the branches, about two 
inches long, on stout, erect, or inclined peduncles. Involucre 
broadly ovoid, three-quarters of an inch to one inch diameter, 
naked at the base, or with a few small, leaf-like bracts ; scales 
ovate, acuminate, with short, suberect, pungent tips, densely 
imbricate, coriaceous, green, with a white streak down the 
back. Florets much exceeding the involucre, very numerous, 
vivid blood-red, outer spreading and incurved. Segments of 
the corolla very narrow-linear, suberect. Style blood-red, 
much exserted, slender; tip narrow, 2-fid. Achene small, 
almost glabrous. Pappus hairs numerous, very unequal, and 
rather rigid, shining, sparingly feathery.—/. B. H. 

Fig. 1, Floret removed from the involucre; 2, base of the pappus :— 

both magnified, 



Ymc©ntBrooksDay& Son Imp 

Tab. 5886. 
POGOGYNE Douglash. 

Native of California. 

Nat. Ord. Labiate. — Tribe Meltssin^e. 
Genus Pogogtne, Benlh. ; {DC. Prod., vol. xii. p. 243). 

Pogogyne Douglasii ; annua, caule erecto glabro v. puberulo superne sub- 
fastigiatim ramoso, foliis petiolatis oblongis obovatis v. spathulato- 
obovatis obtusis integerrimis v. inasqualiter sinuato-dentatis utrinque 
viridibus, fioralibus consimilibus, spicis oblongis, bractei3 linearibus 
acutis florea asquantibus v. longe superantibus pilis albia rigidis longe 
ciliatis, staminibus corolla brevioribus, dentibus calycinis inferioribus 
tubo longioribus, corolla purpurea albo-maculata. 

Pogogyne Douglasii, Benth. Lab. p. 414, et in DC. Prod., vol. xii. p. 243. 

The genus Pogogyne was established by Bentham for three 
Northern Californian plants (apparently varieties of one), 
allied to Calamint, and discovered by the late David Douglas. 
All are very aromatic, and more recommendable for this 
quality than for their beauty; for except in the sparkling 
colour of their dark-violet corollas spotted with white, they 
have little to recommend them to the horticulturist. 

The specimen here figured was raised in the Eoyal Gardens, 
from seeds sent by our excellent correspondent Mr. Bolander, 
of the State Survey of California, a very active botanist and 
collector, to whom the Eoyal Gardens are indebted for many 
interesting plants : it is an annual, and quite hardy. 

Descr. A slender, strict, upright, aromatic annual, simple or 
fastigiately branched above, six to eighteen inches high. Stems 
tetra-gonous, nearly glabrous, shining. Leaves three-quar- 
ters to one and a half inches long, including the slender petiole, 
into which they are gradually narrowed, oblong or narrovv-obo- 
vate or spathulate, obtuse, entire or unequally sinuate- toothed, 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1871. 

glabrous or the upper ciliate towards the base ; floral similar, 
but more ciliate. Spike one to three inches long, stout, 
cylindric, dense-flowered. Bracts linear, acute, shorter or 
longer than the flowers, ciliate with long rigid white bristles ; 
bracteoles linear-lanceolate. Flowers half an inch long. Calyx 
cleft to the middle or below it into five subulate ciliate 
teeth, of which the two lower are much the longest, and as 
long as, or much exceeding the tube. Corolla-tube twice as long 
as the calyx, pale ; limb deep purple ; upper lip short, sub- 
erect, arched, obtuse ; lower lip broad, 3-lobed, spotted with 
white; lobes obtuse. Anthers purple. Stigmas subulate. — 

Fig. 1, Front, and 2, side view of flower; 3, longitudinal section of 
corolla, with ovary and style : — all magnified. 


W Fitch, lith 

VmcentBrooks.Day &Son,Iinp. 

Tab. 5887. 

CYRTANTHERA chrysostephana. 

Native of Mexico. 

Nat. Ord. Acanthace.£. — Tribe Aphelandre^e. 
Genus Cyrtanthera, N. ab E. — {DC. Prod., vol. xi. p 328). 

Cyrtanthera chrysostephana ; caule obtuse tetragono, foliis petiolatis ovatis 
v. ovato-lanceolatis acuminatis basi acutis, supra puberulis subtuB 
glaberrimis, costa superne nervisque subtus rubris, inflorescentia e 
cyuiis paucis terminalibus breviter pedunculatis multifloris in corym- 
bum brevem coroniformem subverticillatis, floribus 2-pollicaribus 
breviter pedicellatis aureis, bracteis calyce brevioribus lanceolatis 
acuminatis, bracteolis linearibus ciliatis, calycis infra medium 5-fidi 
laciniis subulatis laxe ciliatis, corolla glaberrima leviter incurva tubo 
angusto angulato, labio superiore oblongo lanceolato concavo subacute, 
inferiore deflexo obtuse 3-lobo, stigmate minute. 

A new and very distinct species of the Tropical American 
genus Cyrtanthera, less showy indeed than C. catalpafolia, 
Nees (Tab. Nost. 4444), or C. auraniiaca, Nees (Tab. Nost. 
446S), but of a more elegant habit than either of these, and 
conspicuous for the vivid red colour of the midrib and nerves 
of the leaf beneath. The flowers, instead of being disposed 
in a dense thyrsus, or in axillary cymes, as in most species 
of the genus, are collected into a crown-like corymb at the 
tips of the branches, and are of a bright golden yellow. 

C. chrysostephana is a native of Mexico, from whence it was 
imported by Mr. Bull of Chelsea, and it flowered in his stoves 
in December of last year. 

This species is allied to the Mexican C. aurea, Nees, but 
differs in the leaves not being decurrent on the petiole, in the 
inflorescence, and in the short bracts. 

Descr. Stem herbaceous, green, obtusely 4-gonous, glabrous 
or minutely puberulous on the upper part. Leaves five to 
six inches long, on petioles half an inch to one inch long, 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1871. 

ovate, or ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, • acute at the base, 
upper surface covered with minute hairs, dark green, with a 
red midrib, under surface glabrous, pale-green, with red mid- 
rib and veins. Flowers erect, golden-yellow, two inches long, 
crowded in short, terminal, very shortly peduncled cymes, so 
that the inflorescence resembles a golden crown. Pedicels 
very short. Bracts dark -green, linear -lanceolate, rather 
broader at the base, acuminate, shorter than the calyx, spar- 
ingly ciliate ; bracteoles narrow, obtuse or acute. Calyx dark- 
green, one third of an inch long, cleft to below the middle 
into five subulate, sparingly ciliate segments. Corolla narrow, 
perfectly glabrous, slightly incurved, of nearly equal diameter 
and uniform colour throughout ; tube angular ; limb 2-lipped; 
upper lip narrow, oblong-lanceolate, laterally compressed, 
vaulted, subacute; lower lip reflexed, oblong, obtusely 
3-lobed. Anther- cells nearly straight, glabrous. Stigma 
minute. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Calyx, bracteoles, and style ; 2, ovary and disk : — both magnified. 



Tab. 5888. 

Native of Peru and New Grenada. 

Nat. Ord. Acanthace^e. — Tribe Aphelandre^e. 
Genus Beloperone, Nees ; {DC. Prod., vol. xi. p. 413). 

Beloperone ciliata ; herbacea, annua, caule obscure 4-gono puberulo, nodis 
tumidis, foliis petiolatis ovato-lanceolatis acutis glabris raphidibus 
farctis, rloribus, in fasciculos axillares et terminales sessiles v. breviter 
pedunculatos aggregates violaceis, bracteis aciculari-subulatis ciliatis 
calycem superantibus, calycis 5-partiti segmentis lanceolato-subulatis 
ciliatis corolla? tubo cylindrico | poll, longo dimidio brevioribus, 
corollas labio superiore parvo breviter oblongo recurvo 2-lobo, inferiore 
dilatato late 3-lobo, lobis ovato-rotundatis obtusis, palate albo, antherae 
loculis breviter linearibus ecalcaratis basi divergentibus, connectivo 
latiusculo, stigmate minute 2-lobo. 

Jacobinia ciliata; Seem. Bot. Voy. Herald, p. 178; Masters in Gard. 
Chron., 1870, p. 1567 ; and Nees in DC. Prod., vol. xi. p. 331? 

A very pretty winter-flowering stove-plant, the nomencla- 
ture of which is involved in doubt. It was examined by Dr. 
Martius in November last, and proved identical with a plant in 
the Hookerian Herbarium, collected byDr.Seemann in Panama, 
and referred by him to Jacobinia ciliata, Nees, and was hence 
published under that name in the Gardeners Chronicle. I am 
unfortunately unable to ascertain whether Seemann's Panama 
plant is really Nees' J. ciliata, which comes from a widely 
different country, St. Jago de Chili ; the original specimen 
of Tweedie, upon which Nees founded the species, having 
been mislaid since the comparison of the specimens in 
November. All I can say is, that this, which certainly is 
identical with the Panama plant, differs altogether both from 
Nees' generic character of Jacobinia and from his specific 
one of./, ciliata ; and it is further to be observed, that when 

ma tic ii 1st, 1871. 

Nees studied the Acantl/acea? of the Hookerian Herbarium, he 
had under his eye indifferent specimens of this plant, col- 
lected in Peru by Matthews, which he surely would have 
referred to his Jacobinia ciliata had he thought it the same. 

I am indebted to Prof. Oliver for pointing out the close 
affinity of this plant with the Beloperone violacea, Planch. 
(Tab. Nost. 5244) ; Adhatoda Carthaginensis, Nees, in DC. 
Prod., v. ii. p. 403 ; and to Messrs. Yeitch for the specimen 
here figured, which was raised from Venezuelan seeds. It is 
also a native of Panama and Peru. 

Descr. Stem slender, branched, herbaceous, one to two 
feet high, geniculated at the base ; branches obscurely 
4-gonous, upper puberulous ; nodes tumid. Leaves shortly 
petioled, two to three inches long, ovate or ovate-lanceo- 
late, acute, membranous, green, glabrous,, but so full of 
raphides, as, when dried, to appear to be covered with 
appressed hairs. Flowers axillary and terminal, sessile 
in shortly peduncled fascicles. Bracts and bracteoles narrow, 
subulate, rigid, erect, exceeding the calyx, ciliate. Calyx 
5-partite, segments rigid, erect, subulate -lanceolate, ciliate, 
about half the length of the corolla tube. Corolla 
violet, with a white palate ; tube three-quarters of an inch 
long, cylindric ; upper lip very small, concave, recurved, 
2-lobed ; lower lip one to one and a quarter inch diameter, 
broader than long, deeply 3-lobed, lobes orbicular-ovate, 
obtuse, flat. Stamens not exserted, filaments short ; anther- 
cells linear-oblong, diverging below, not spurred, connective 
rather broad. Disk annular. Ovary glabrous ; stigma minute, 
2-lobed. Capsule compressed; upper half ovoid, acute, 
lower much contracted.— J. B. II 

Fig. 1, Bracts, hud, and style; 2, calyx and stylo; 3, stamens; 4, disk 
and ovary ; 5, vertical section of ditto :—all magnified- 

Tab. 5889. 

SAXIFRAGA (aizoonia) longifolia. 

Native of the Pyrenees. 

Nat. Ord. Saxifeagace^:.— -Tribe Saxifrages. 
Genus Saxifraga, Linn. ; (Benth. and Hook. f. Gen. PL, vol. ii. p. 635). 

Saxifraga (Aizoonia) longifolia ; scapo foliis junioribus et inflorescentia 
glanduloso-pubescentibus, foliis 1-3 pollicaribus densissime rosulatis 
patentibus rectiusculis anguste lineari-oblongis spathulatisve obtusi- 
usculis cartilagineo-marginatis, scapo valido recto a basi florifero, 
inflorescentia confertiflora pyramidato-cylindrica, ramis perplurimis 
patulis basi bractea foliacea instructis, pedicellis basi bracteolatis, calycis 
lobis ovato-rotundatis tubum hemisphericum subtequantibus, petalis 
orbicularis patentibus albis brunneo-punctatis, seminibus ovato-triquetris 
tenuissime rugulosis. 

Saxifraga longifolia, La Peyr. Flor. Pyr., p. 26, t. xi. ; Sternberg Revis. 
Sax., p. 1, t. i. ; DC. Prod., vol. iv. p. 19. 

Saxifraga lingulata, var. a; Bon in Trans. Linn. Soc, vol. xiii. p. 391. 

Chondrosea longifolia, Haw. Enum. Saxif., p. 1 1 . 

( A very striking species, commonly cultivated on the Con- 
tinent, but very rarely in England, where, however, it 
succeeds admirably in the open air, or in a partially shaded 
rock-work, forming brilliant green rosettes of leaves, four to 
six inches in diameter, and sending up in midsummer a truly 
glorious pyramidal nodding thyrsus, a foot high, of white 
flowers, that lasts for several weeks. It is a native of the 
higher valleys of the Pyrenees, at the Baths of Luchon, and 
elsewhere, at elevations of 2000 to 7000 feet above the sea. 

The specimens figured flowered in the Eoval Gardens in 
July last. 

Duscr. Plant forming convex bright-green rosettes, three 
to seven inches in diameter; young leaves, scape, and inflo- 
rescence covered with a viscid glandular pubescence. Leaves 

MARCH 1st, 1871. 

most densely rosulate, spreading, the outer rather recurved, 
one to three inches long, one-quarter to one-third of an inch 
broad, narrow linear-spathulate, very coriaceous, obtuse, with 
white cartilaginous margins, which are obscurely crenulate, 
especially when dry. Scape one to one and a half feet high, 
stout, loaded throughout with, flowers, the inflorescence 
forming an obtusely conical, subcylindric, nodding mass, five 
to seven inches in diameter; primary branches horizontal, 
two to four inches long, floriferous towards their tips ; bracts 
at their bases foliaceous, one-half to one inch long, linear, 
obtuse, glandular, not margined. Pedicels very variable in 
length, with small bracteoles at the base. Mowers three- 
quarters of an inch in diameter. Calyx-lohes rounded-ovate, 
about as long as the hemispheric tube. Petals orbicular, 
white, with a few minute red-brown dots on the disk. 
Filaments subulate ; anthers small, yellow. Styles rather 
short, recurved. — J. I). H. 

Fig. 1, Reduced view of whole plant : 2, leaf; 3, young leaf; 4, top of 
thyrsus, all of the natural size : 5, flower without the petals ; and 6, a petal : 
— both magnified. 


■ - ks.DavJi 

Tab. 5890. 
xiphion junceum. 

Native of Algiers. 

Nat. Ord. Ikidace^e. — Tribe Ibidem. 

Gen. Char. — Perianthium corollinum, regulare, tubo supra ovarium breve 
v. elongatum, limbi' segmentis exterioribus obovato-spathulatis v. cuneatis 
imberbibus, interioribus oblanceolatis v. linearibus saspe multo minoribus 
erectis v. patulis. Stamina 3, ad basin limbi segmentorum exteriorum in- 
serta, perianthio breviora, filamentis filiformibus ; antherse lineares. Ovarium 
obtuse 3-gonurn, 3-loculare ; stylus perianthii tubo adnatus, stigmatibus 
3 petaloideis ; crista 2-loba, lobis lanceolatis dentatis. Capsula coriacea, 
apice loculicide 3-valvis, loculis poljspermis. Semina subglobosa. Herbal 
regionis Mediterranean, Abyssinian, et Orientis incolce ; radice bulboso. Folia 
rigida, graminea. Flores pauci, speciosi, solitarii v. pauci, caruleo-violacei v. 

Xiphion junceum ; bulbo ovoideo membranaceo-tunicato, eaule f-l| pedali 
1-2-fioro, foliis caulinis 4-6 angustissime lineari-ensiformibus T ^ unc. 
latis erectis inferne convolutis sursum filiformibus, spathae valvis 2-3- 
pollicaribus leviter ventricosis lanceolatis acutis tubum perianthii 
ffiquantibus v. superantibus, perianthii aurei 3-poll. diametro breviter 
pedunculati tubo gracili pollicari, segmentis exterioribus longe ungui- 
culatis late obovatis retusis, interioribus brevioribus erectis oblongo- 
spathulatis stigmatibus aequilongis et paulo angustioribus, stigmatis 
lobis late semi-ovatis recurvis acutis. 

Xiphion junceum, Klatt in Linncea, vol. xxiv. p. 570. Baker in Seem. Journ. 
Bot. 1871, p. 41. Parlatore Flor. ItaL, vol. iii. p. 304. 

Ikis imberbis, Poiret, Voy. Barb., vol. ii. p. 85. 

Iris juncea, Desf. Flor. Atlant., vol. i. p. 39, t. 4. Boiss. Voy. in Esp., 
vol. ii. p. 703. Munby, Fl. Alger., p. 6. 

Iris mauritanica, Clusius Cur. post., 24. 

Diaphane stylosa, Salisb. in Hort. Trans., vol. i. p. 305. 

A native of dry hills near the town of Algiers, where it is 
a great ornament, and from whence bulbs were sent to the 
Royal Gardens by Madame Bodichon, which flowered in the 

MARCH 1ST, 1871. 

open air in July, 1869. It is also a native of Tangiers in 
Morocco, of Grenoa and Sicily. 

I have followed Mr. Baker, who has published a careful 
monograph of this genus, in separating Xiphion from Iris, 
chiefly on the ground of its totally different habit of growth ; 
the true species of Iris having creeping root-stocks, those of 
Xiphion coated bulbs. 

Descr. Bulb ovoid, one and a half to two inches long, 
covered with dark brown membranous coats that are pro- 
duced into a torn tube surrounding the base of the stem. 
Stem erect, slender, rigid, flexuous, two-thirds to one and a 
half feet high. Leaves 5-6 on the stem, convolute at the 
base, terminating in a very slender rigid flat limb not one- 
twelfth inch broad. Flowers solitary or two together, three 
inches in diameter, golden yellow, with brownish veins. Spathes 
two, ventricose, as long as or exceeding the perianth-tube, 
lanceolate, acute. Pedicel short, lengthening in front. Peri- 
anth-tube slender, one and a half inch long ; outer segments 
with an obovate refuse limb as long as the cuneate claw ; 
inner segments erect, spathulate-lanceolate, rather shorter 
than the outer. Stigmatic lobes broadly half-ovate, acute, 
as broad as the inner perianth segments. — J. I). H. 

Fig. 1, Ovary, and perianth tube; "2, stigmas: — both magnified. 



"lucent Brooks D. 

Tab. 5891. 

MASSONIA (astemma) odorata. 
Native of South Africa. 

Nat. Ord. Liliacle. — Tribe HrAtiiNTHEjE. 
Genus Massonia, Linn. ; (Kunth. En. Plant., vol. iv. p. 29). 

Massonia (Astemma) odorata ; bulbo ovoideo pallido, c;iule brevi 2-foliato, 
foliis 3-5 pollicaribus erectis anguste lanceolatis concavis obtusiupculis, 
scapo brevi, corymbo subcapitato, floribus 2-6 brevissime pedicellatis 
2-3 poll, longis albis odoris, bracteis obsoletis, perianthii tubo cylin- 
drico fauce paulo ampliato, limbi lobis subaequalibus revolutis, corona 
0, staminibus fauci insertis 2-seriatis, filamentis brevibus, antheris 
parvis purpureis, ovario angusto, stylo filiformi recto glaberrimo, 
stigmate punctiformi, ovulis numerosis adscendentibus. 

A deliciously sweet-scented little Cape bulb, sent in 1866 
to the Royal Gardens, by D. Arnot, Esq., a valued corre- 
spondent, who resides in the remote district of Colesberg, under 
the 32nd parallel of N. latitude, bordering the Griqua terri- 
tory and Orange Free States, whence he has transmitted many 
rare and curious plants to Kew. It flowered in a cool house 
in October of last year. 

The affinity of Massonia with Hvacinthus was pointed out 
so long ago as in 1802, by Gawler, in this magazine (under 
M. emifolia, t. 554); and again in 1843, by Kunth, who 
observes that these genera differ in the insertion of the 
stamens, which in Massonia are higher up in the perianth- 
tube ; to this may be added the numerous ovules of Massonia, 
the usually longer stamens, and the filaments being in 
almost all the species, though not in this, dilated at the base, 
or connected into a cup. Taking habit into consideration with 
other characters, it is possible that Massonia may ultimately 

MARCH 1ST, 1871. 

be broken up into two genera, corresponding to Endlicher's 
sectional divisions of Massonia proper and Astemma. 

Descr. Bulb ovoid, three-quarters to one and a quarter 
inch long, covered with smooth pale scales ; root fibres few. 
very slender. Stem half to one and a half inches high, formed 
of the short scape and leaf-sheaths. Leaves two, three to five 
inches long, suberect, very narrow lanceolate, one-third to 
two-thirds of an inch in diameter, rather obtuse, concave, 
deep green, somewhat thick. Flowers six to ten, in a sub- 
corymbose head at the base of the leaves, white, very much 
scented. Bracts very small or obsolete. Perianth very 
shortly pedicelled ; tube two-thirds of an inch long, cylindric, 
slightly dilated at the tip ; limb with six subequal, revolute, 
obtuse segments, which are much shorter than the tube. 
Stamens inserted on the bases of the perianth-segments, fila- 
ment short, subulate, not dilated nor connected at the base, 
the alternate longer ; anthers small, purple. Ovary narrow, 
style erect, very slender, glabrous, stigma simple; ovules 
many in each cell, ascending. — /. I). H. 

Fig. 1, Flower; 2, the same, with the perianth cut open; transverse 
section of ovary : — all magnified. 


Tab. 5892. 
TILLANDSIA (Pitybophyllum) ionantha. 

Native of Brazil. 

Nat. Ord, Broiieliace^e. — Tribe Tillandsie*:, 
Genus Tillandsia, Linn. ; (Endl. Gen. Plant, p. 183). 

Tillandsia (Pityrophyllum) ionantha ; csespitosa, subacaulis, surculosa, 
sparse albo-furfuracea, foliis 2|-pollicaribus subulato-lanceolatis erecto- 
recurvis coriaceis antice infra apicem pungente acuminatis canalicu- 
latis margine ciliolatis, summis bracteiformibus erectis roseo-kermesinis 
flores subsequantibus, iloribus paucis sessilibus immersis, bracteis lan- 
ceolatis, sepalis lineari-lanceolata subtequantibus, petalis l|-pollicaribus, 
pallide violaceis ungue elongata lineari, lamina ovato-spathulata obtusa, 
filamentis filiformibus, antheris parvis exsertis oblongis, stylo exserto, 
stigmatibus 3 parvis cuneatis truncatis. 

Tillandsia ionantha, Planch, in Flore de Serres, t. 1006. 

Tillandsia erubescens, Hart. Herrenhausen. 

Pityrophyllum erubescens, Beer, die Fam. der Bromel., p. 79. 

I refer this charming little plant, with some hesitation, to 
Planchon's Tillandsia ionantha, which I know only from the 
plate cited above, and the illustrious French botanist's descrip- 
tion, which he is careful to say is drawn up from the figure 
prepared for the " Flore de Serres ;" he not having had access 
to the specimens. The Belgian plate in question represents 
a larger plant than that here figured ; five inches high, with 
rather more obtuse points to the leaves, deeper coloured 
violet flowers, and less exserted and smaller anthers ; in all 
other respects the plants seem identical. Should they prove 
distinct however, I would suggest the name of T. Scopus for 
this, in allusion to its brush-like habit. 

The plate here given was executed from a specimen 

march 1st, 1871. 

flowered by W. Wilson Saunders, F.R.S., at Reigate, which 
was procured by him from Mr. Marshall of Enfield; that 
figured in the " Flore de Serres" was in Mr. Van Houtte's 
collection at Ghent, and supposed to have come from 

Descr. A small tufted epiphyte, three to four inches high, 
forming squarrose masses, dull green, sparingly covered with 
silvery scurfy scales. Leaves numerous, closely imbricate, two 
to two and a half inches long, recurved, subulate-lanceolate, 
very coriaceous, concave above, with a terete, sub -pungent tip, 
margins ciliate, dark green, paler towards the base ; upper 
leaves more erect, of a bright rose colour, rather exceeding 
the inflorescence, at length wholly green. Flowers sessile 
crowded at the tips of the branches. Bracts lanceolate' 
acuminate, keeled, equalling the sepals, which are subulate- 
lanceolate, and half as long as the claw of the petals. Petals 
pale violet, convolute by their linear broad claws, into a 
slender tube, limb short, spathulate, concave, suberect, 
obtuse. Stamens exserted, filaments very slender; anthers 
small, yellow. Ovary oblong, 3-gonous ; style very slender, 
stigmas three, small, cuneate, truncate. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Leaf; 2, flower; 3, petal and stamen; 4, pistil:—, 

all magnified. 


Tab. 5893. 
agave ixtlioides. 

Native of Mexico ? 

Nat. Ord. AmaryllidEvE. — Tribe AOAVEJB. 
Genus Agave, Linn.; (Endl. Gen. Plant., p. 181). 

Agave ixtlioides ; acaulis, foliis ad 30 1^—2 ped. longis medio 2^-3 J poll, 
basi £ poll, latis lineari-lanceolatis in apicem pungentem brunneam 
sensim attenuatis immarginatis, infra medium planis supra medium 
concavis, junioribus intense glaucis, spinis parvis \-^ poll, distantibus 
falcatis adscendentibus brunneis, scapo 8-10-pedali, bracteis laxis 
erectis, paniculte ramis 8-10 patentibus, floribus laxe corymbosis, peri- 
anthii tubo 1 poll, longo viridi segmentis lineari-oblongis obtusis tlavo- 
viridibus subaequi longis, filamentis robustis, antheris magnis linearibus 
stramineis, stylo robusto staminibus multo breviore, stigmate subdila- 
tato obtuso. 

Agave ixtlioides, Ch. Lemaire in Hamburg Garten und Blumenzeit. vol. xxii. 
p. 214 (1866). 

Agave fourcroydes; Lemaire, Vlllust. Hortic. vol. xi. p. 65 (1864) von 

Of all cultivated plants none are more difficult to name 
accurately than the species of Agave, partly because of the 
imperfection of the published descriptions, and more from the 
impossibility of fixing their characters by words. The species 
before us is one that has long been in cultivation at Kew, but 
never flowered till January of the present year, when it threw 
up a scape twelve feet high. It agrees with the meagre 
character of the foliage (all that is described) of A. ixtlioides, 
itself a species of confused synonymy, and hardly distinguished 
by words from A. fourcroydes Jacobi ; as which, according to 
Major-General Jacobi, it was first described by Lemaire. In 
other words, according to Jacobi, who is the great authority 
on this genus, this plant was first described by Lemaire as 
A. fourcroydes (L'lll. Hortic, xi. 65), a name for which Jacobi 

march 1st, 1871. 

subsequently substituted that of ixtliotdes (Hamburg Gar- 
tenflor., xxii. 214), with the sanction of Lemaire, under whose 
authority it stands, stating at the same time as his reason 
for this, that it differs from his fourcroydes. The true four- 
croydes of Jacobi is described by himself ( Hamburg Garten- 
flor., xxi. 167) ; and to it is referred as a synonym A. ixtly, C. 
Koch, not A. ixtly of Haworth ; and in Jacobi's general enu- 
meration of Agaves (Regel Gartenflor., xvii. 348) A. ixtliotdes 
and fourcroydes stand next one another in one section, whilst 
A. ixtly is placed in another ; but judging from the descrip- 
tions all three may well belong to one species. 

Descr. Stem very short; constricted above the root. 
Leaves thirty to forty, forming a spreading rosette one to 
two feet across, dull green, very glaucous when young, 
eighteen to twenty inches long, two and a half to three and 
a half inches broad in the middle, thence narrowed upwards 
to a hard brown point, and downwards to a contracted base 
one and a half inches in diameter ; upper surface of the upper 
half concave, of the lower half flat ; spines small, brown, 
carved upwards. Scape ten to twelve feet high, slender, 
strict, sparingly covered with great bracts. Panicle two feet 
long, with about ten spreading branches a span long, each 
bearing towards its extremity a corymb of pale yellow-green 
sessile flowers ; bracts at the base of the branch broadly 
ovate, acute, brown, one inch long ; bracteoles much smaller 
and broader. Flowers two inches long. Perianth-tube 
cylindric-oblong, green, rather shorter than the oblong yel- 
lowish green perianth limb ; segments linear-oblong, obtuse, 
very thick. Filaments very stout, pale, twice as long as the 
perianth segments; anthers one inch long, yellow. Style 
short, clubbed at the rounded stigmatic end.—/. D. H. 


6. 1 , Plant ; 2, leaf, reduced ; 3, portion of leaf ; 4, portion of panicle : 

til nf* natural, at?* 

both of natural size 


W Fitch, Mi 

V3 n a -in Brooks , Day & Son.Imp. 

Tab. 5894. 
COSTUS Malortieanus. 

Native of Costa Rica. 

Nat. Ord. Scitamine^:. — Tribe Costeje, 
Genus Costus, Linn.; (Endl. Gen. Plant., p. 225). 

Costus Malortieanus ; tota hirsute, caule robuato, fobiaapicem versus eaulia 
subconfertis amplis late obovatis breviter j><t iol.-it is coriaoeis supra .-< t r<>- 
viridi zonatis, subtus glauceacentibua, vaginis brevibus longe ciliatis, 
spiea brevi ovoideo-globosa, bracteia ad 15 tatissime ovatis latioribus 
quam Longia obtusis arete appressia subcarinatis viridibus, Soribus 
magnis, perianthio exteriore brevi c&mpantilato breviter inasqualiter 
obtuse 3-lobo, interiork bubo ilavo pubesceute, (acinus '.'> exterioribns 
oblongis obtusis fiavia conooloribuB, Ubelli laciniis aureis rubro fa 
3 anticis oblongo-cuneatia recurvia poatico dilateto breviuaculo i 
lob is rotund atis crenato-dentetia, filamento magno lineari -oblongo medio 
dilatato apice obtuso rccurvo, antheria parris, stigmate parro. 

Costus Malortieanus, Went/land in Hamburg Garten- und Ulumaiztit. 
Vol. xix. p. 30 (1863). 

Costus elefirans. Hbrt. 

This was regarded by its discoverer, Wendland, as the 
finest of the many remarkable plants he obtained during his 
travels in Northern Costa Jiica, in 1S57; it was introduced 
by him into the Royal Hardens of Herrenhausen, in 

Hanover, whence a plant was sent to Kew, where it flowered 
in September, 180.2. It is allied to C. spicatus, Boscoe, and 
C. pic t us, Don (Bot. Keg. t. 151)4) ; and still mere to an un- 
named Panama species collected by Pendler (n. 447), but 
differs abundantly from them all. 

The genus Costus is a very large and little known one 
abounds in the humid districts of tropical America and 
Africa, but is rarer in Asia, where however the C. 8pe- 
ciosus is a great ornament of the low forests of Bengal. 
It contains many species well worthy of cultivation. 

Descu. Whole plant, except the llovvers, hirsute, with soft 
apkil 1st, 1871. 

hairs. Stem one to three feet high, robust, terete, as thick 
as the finger, clothed above with foliage. Leaves very 
large, handsome, spreading, eight to twelve inches long, five 
to nine inches broad, obovate, acute, narrowed into a short 
petiole, deep green above, with darker bands between the 
ribs, glaucous below ; sheaths short, green, with long cilia 
at the appressed mouth. Spike subsessile, two to three 
inches long, broadly ovoid, obscurely 5-angled, bright green. 
Bracts about fifteen, one inch long, closely imbricate and 
appressed, broader than long, subacute, keeled towards the 
tip. Floioers two and a half inches long, one and a half 
inches across the lip, golden-yellow, with close-set, orange- 
red, broken bands following the courses of the nerves on 
the expanded lobes of the lip. Ovary short, broadly obovoid, 
white. Outer perianth a small campanulate red cup, with 
three unequal rounded lobes. Inner perianth with a short, 
yellow, hairy tube, and three narrow oblong, obtuse, erect, con- 
cave leaflets surrounding the lip. Lip convolute, with three . 
small, recurved, subspathulate lobes in front, and one large, 
3-lobed, recurved, dorsal lobe. Filament erect, broadly linear- 
oblong, concave, dilated in the middle, obscurely 3-lobed at 
the recurved tip, fleshy ; anther very small, oblong. Stigma 
transversely-oblong, ciliate. — /. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Flower Avith three of the perianth segments removed; 2, ovary, 
outer perianth, filament, anther, style, and stigma :— both magnified. 

589 r 



Tab. 5895. 
gilia liniflora. 

Native of California. 


Genua Giua, Ruiz and Pavon ; (A. Gray in Proc. Amer. Acad., 
June, 1870, p. 2G1). 

Gilia (Dactylophyllum) liniflora; annua, gracilis, erecta, divaricatim ra- 
mosa, parce pilosa, foliis sessilibus 3-7-palmatisectis caulinis oppositis, 
segmentis anguste linearibus v. acicularibus, floribus sparsis v. sub- 
cymosis, pedicellis filiformibus, calyce campanulato dentibus triangulari- 
subulatis tubo brevioribus v. aequilomris, corolla alba fere rotata lobia 
obovatis calycem tersuperantibus, filamentis summo tubo insertis 
gracilibus basi pubescentibus. 

Gilia liniflora, Benth. in Bot. Reg., sub. t. 1622 ; et in DC. Prod., vol. ix. 
p. 315. A. Gray I. c, p. 263. 

One of the many interesting discoveries of the late David 
Douglas, in 1826; introduced into cultivation by Mr. W. 
Thompson, of Ipswich, who sent flowering specimens to Kew, 
in July, 1869, from which the accompanying figure was 
made. It is a perfectly hardy annual, and very free flowerer, 
in habit resembling a white-flowered flax, with the leaves of a 

The genus Gilia, as recently reformed by Asa Gray in the 
Proceedings of the American Academy of Science, contains 
sixty- five temperate N. American species, and there are be- 
sides a few in subtropical S. America ; one of these, the Chilian 
G. pusilla, being very closely allied to, if not identical with 
the N. American G.pharnaceoides, which Gray has reduced 
to a variety of liniflora. As thus reconstructed Gilia includes 
Leptosipkon, of wliich a species was figured last year in this 
Magazine (Tab. 5863), and various other genera, most of 
which had indeed been previously brought under Gilia by 

apkil 1st, 1871. 

Bentbam, when monographing the Polemoniacea; for De Can- 
dolle's- Prodromus, in 1845. 

Descr. A slender annual, six to eighteen inches, tall, glabrous, 
or slightly pilose, excessively branched upwards, the branches 
divaricating. Leaves opposite, except in the flowering 
branches, sessile, scaberulous, green, palmately divided into 
three to seven linear, almost acicular, subacute "segments, one- 
third to one inch long, with recurved margins. Pedicels almost 
capillary, terminal and from the forks of the flowering branches. 
Flowers erect, three-quarters to one inch in diameter, white, 
or with a faint purple tinge. Calyx one-third shorter than the 
corolla, campanulate, with five triangular subulate lobes which 
are as long as the tube or shorter. Corolla subulate, tube very 
short, with a hairy ring at the throat ; segments obovate, 
erose, very delicate. Stamens inserted in the throat of the 
corolla, filaments unequal, hairy at the very base ; anthers 
linear-oblong, yellow. Bisk annular. Ovary ovoid, glabrous, 
obtuse; style slender, stigmas three, linear, rather short; 
ovules many in each cell. — /. D. H. 

r j- g i' *' ^ eave3; 2 ' flowers ; 3 , corolla laid open; 4, calyx and stigma; 
5, disk and ovary ; 6, transverse section of ovary :— all magnified. 


Tab. 5896. 

Native of California. 

Nat. Ord. Liliaceje. — Tribe Aspiiodele,e. 
Genua Nothoscordum, Kunth ; {Emm. Plant, vol. iv. p. 457). 

Nothoscordum aureum ; folio solitario e basi angustato elongato linear! 
pedali \ poll. diam. apice attenuato scapum gracillimum supetante, 
spatlia parva membranacea 2-valve, floribus numerosis aureis gracillime 
pedicellatis, pedicellis basi bracteolatis, perianthii foliolis liueari- 
oblongis obtusis dorso apice viridibus et rubro-inarginatis, filamentis 
erectis e basi quadrata carnosa' puberula filiformibus alternis longioribus, 
antheris parvis virescenti-azureis, ovario elliptico, stylo filiformi, ovuli3 

Bloomeria aurea, Kellogg in the Hesperian, p. 437, cum icone. 

The first notice of this plant that I have met with is 
in a Californian publication, for which I am indebted to Dr. 
Masters, F.B.S. ; and wliere it is described by Dr. Kellogg as 
a new genus, Bloomeria, in honour of Mr. E. G. Bloomer, the 
Botanical Curator of the Californian Academy of Sciences, 
who cultivated it from bulbs discovered in New Idria by Dr. 
J. A. Veatch. The specimen here figured was raised from 
bulbs communicated to the Boyal Gardens by Dr. Bolander, 
of San Francisco, an old and valued correspondent, m L869, 
and which flowered in July of the same year. 

As a genus, Bloomeria does not seem to me to differ from 
Nothoscordum, itself perhaps too near JUium, to which it is 
reduced by Asa Gray and others, but from which it may In- 
distinguished by its numerous ovules. The other species 
of Nothoscordum are chiefly South American. There is one 
United States species which has been considered identical 
with a common South American, and which, if so, extends 
from Virginia to Philadelphia— a very unusual range for a 
plant of this family; this is the Allium striatum, J acq. 

APRIL 1st, 1871. 

(Tab. nost. 1035 and 1524). Another species, much more 
closely allied to N. aureum, is the N. marilimum, Torrey, of Cali- 
fornia, which differs in its mnch smaller size and numerous 
leaves. Lastly, in most of the Nothoscorda the filaments are 
merely dilated at the base ; but in N. aurea and N. maritima 
they are suddenly dilated into quadrate fleshy bodies. 

Descr. Bulb small, about the size of a hazel-nnt, pale green. 
Leaf solitary, a foot long, very narrow, about one-third of an 
inch in diameter in the middle, narrow-linear, attenuate at 
both ends, green, rather fleshy, concave, convex on the back, 
obscurely nerved. Scape very slender, about as long as the 
leaf. Spathes two, small, membranous, enclosing numerous 
membranous bracteoles. Flowers in a spreading many-flowered 
umbel. Pedicels unequal, very slender, curved, one inch to 
two inches long. Perianth rotate, one inch in diameter, 
golden-yellow ; segments linear-oblong, obtuse, with a short 
green dorsal rib towards the tip on the back, where the 
margins are reddish. Filaments erect, filiform above the 
quadrate fleshy glandular base ; anthers small, greenish-blue, 
oblong. Ovary elliptic, obtuse, 3-furrowed; style filiform, 
stigma obscurely 3-lobed ; ovules numerous, in two series in 
each cell. — J. J). H. 

Flg - \- F1 ° wer 5 2 > stamen ; 3, ovary ; 4, transverse section of ditto :— 

all magnified, 


W Fitc 

Vmcent Br ooks , D ay &. Son, Imp ■ 

Tab. 5897. 

Native of Bolivia. 

Nat. Ord. Begoniace.«e. 
Genus Begonia, Linn. ; (Benth. and Hook.f. Gen. PL, vol. i. p. 841). 

Begonia crinita • caule erecto folioso petiolisque rubris pilis elongatis 
patentibus laxe crinitis, foliis valde obliquis dimidiatis ovato-cordatis 
acuminatis margine lobulatis et argute dentatis viridibus pilosis subtus 
pallidioribus v. purpurascentibus, petolis rubris, stipulis ovato-lanceolatis 
recurvis viridibus, cymis erectis dichotomis, bracteis viridibus oppositis 
latis concavis ciliatis, floribus roseis nutantibus subternis intermedio $ 
longius pedicellato ; fl. $ perianthii foliolis 4, 2 exterioribus late ovatis 
obtusis, 2 interioribus multo angustioribus obovato-oblongis, staminibus 
in capitulum confertis, filamentis brevibus, antheris late obovoideis, 
fl. ^ perianthii foliolis 5 subaequalibus obovato-oblongis, stigniatibus 
3-2-lobis, ramis brevibus tortis fascia papillosa basi continua cinctis, 
placentis 2-partitis undique ovuliferis, capsula 3-alata, ala dorsali 
triangulari acuta. % 

Begonia crinita, Oliver in Herb. Hook. 

Specimens of this very elegant Begonia were sent by Messrs. 
Veitch, to the Herbarium of the Royal Gardens, in July, 1866, 
and again in 1867, and determined to be new by Professor 
Oliver, who gave it the above name. It was introduced by 
Messrs. Veitch's able South American collector, the late 
Mr. Pearce, from the Bolivian Andes, it is supposed; but 
as that energetic traveller visited various parts of the 
Cordillera, absolute confidence cannot be placed in the 
reputed habitat. There is a remarkable tendency in the 
branches to develop hairs on that surface only which faces 
the petiole of the leaf inserted below it, the petiole itself being 
hairy all round. 

I know of no very close ally of this species, which is not 
clearly referable to any of A. De Candolle's sections of this 
extensive and very difficult genus. The specimen here 

apku 1st, 1871. 

figured is from Mr. Wilson Saunders's rich collection. Those 
from Mr. Veitch's nursery were much stouter in the stem, 
and had deep rose-coloured flowers. 

Descr. A foot high, stout or slender, branched, leafy. 
Stems and branches terete, vivid red, more or less covered 
with long white, spreading, rather stiff hairs. Leaves two 
to five inches long, dimidiate, ovate-cordate, very oblique, 
acuminate, margin lobulate, and acutely toothed, dark 
green and shortly hairy above, glabrous except on the ribs 
of the under surface, which is pale green, or faintly purplish ; 
petioles terete, red, and hairy, like the stems. Stipules ovate- 
lanceolate, recurved, green. Flowers one and a half inches in 
diameter, dark or pale rose -red, in terminal lax dichotomous 
cymes, horizontal or nodding, usually in threes, the central 
longer pedicelled and male. Male flower :— perianth 4-leaved ; 
two outer leaves broadly ovate, obtuse ; two inner smaller, 
obovate-oblong. Stamens many, in a globose head, filaments 
short ; anthers short, obovoid, obtuse. Female flower : 
—perianth of five obovate oblong-obtuse leaves. Stifles 
three, stigmatic arms short, with a continuous twisted 
papillose band; ovules very many, on all surfaces of a 
bipartite placenta. Young fruit 3-gonous, with 2 rounded, 
and one triangular acute wing. — /. 1). H. 

Fig. 1, Stamen; 2, female flower, w4th perianth removed; 3, transverse 
section of ovary : — all magnified. 



Tab. 5898. 


" Mundi-root" of Natal. 

Nat. Ord. Asclepiade^e. — Tribe Periploce-S. 

Gen. Char. — Calycis 5-partiti segmenta late ovata acuta. Corolla 
5-partita, rotato-campanulata, herbacea, segmentis triangulari-ovatis, tubo 
basi corona carnosa depressa undulata 5-loba aucto, lobis coronae emarginatis 
dorso processubus totidem erectis lineari-ligulatis apice 2-fidis gynostegium 
superantibus instructis. Antherce sessiles, triarigulari-ovata3, in conum con- 
niventes stigmati adnatae, glabrae ; corpuscula (v. bursiculffi polline repletae) 
glandulae ovatae affixae, teretia, apice 2-fida, dorso kragitudinaliter sulcata, 
antice fissa ; pollen e granulis 4-compositum. Stigma depresso-conicum.— ■ 
Frutex Natalensis, volubilis, alte scandens, ramulis teretibus glabris. Folia 
opposita, breviter petiolata, late ovati-oblonga, abrupte acuminata, basi cordata, 
supra setulis minutis appressis conspersa, subtus minute puberula. Petioli 
vagina herbacea margine recurva dentata connati. Flores majusculi, virescentes. 
intus basi purpurascentes, in cymas axillares ramosas dispositi. 

Chlorocodon Whiteii. 

In 1867 I received from the Kev. Dr. Brown, late Colonial 
Botanist at the Cape of Good Hope, a letter addressed to 
him by A. S. White, Esq., of Fundisweni, Natal, concerning 
a plant, the aromatic roots of which are extensively col- 
lected and sold by the native tribes as " Mundi" or " Mindi," 
and nsed by them as a stomachic. So largely indeed was it 
sought that the plant had become rare in that district, and it 
was with difficulty that Mr. White procured the roots, which 
Dr. Brown transmitted to Kew, but which unfortunately 
arrived in a lifeless state. Mr. White further described the 
Mundi as climbing to the tops of the loftiest trees, with 
roots spreading amongst rocks and stones to a distance of 
fifteen to twenty feet from the stem ; adding that it was 
never found more than a few miles from the sea, and 
that the nearer the sea it grew the sweeter and better was 
the flavour of the root. On a future occasion Mr. White 

APRIL 1st, 1871. 

sent me a bundle of the roots, which resembled liquorice- 
root, but had lost all flavour and virtue ; and in 1869 I had 
the pleasure of receiving from him living roots in a Ward's 
case, which grew vigorously, and the plant being trained up 
the rafters of a moderate sized warm greenhouse, was soon 
thickly covered with leaves, and flowered in August 1870. 

As far as I can determine, the Mundi belongs to a very 
distinct genus of Asclepiads from any hitherto published, 
though allied to the Indian Brachylepis, to which I have 
given the name of Chlorocodon, in allusion to the bell-like 
green flowers. It is to be hoped that experiments on the 
properties of the root will be instituted in Natal, and the 
results made known. 

Descr. A tall, leafy, twining, deep green climber. Stems 
terete, glabrous, or nearly so. Leaves opposite, shortly 
petioled, six to ten inches long, broadly oval-oblong, abruptly 
acuminate, cordate at the base, minutely setulose on both 
surfaces ; midrib with often a few erect short bristles on the 
upper surface. Petioles short, joined by a thick short stipule- 
like sheath with reflexed and toothed edges. Flowers three- 
quarters of an inch diameter, in axillary corymbose many- 
flowered cymes ; pedicels stout, with small bracts at the base. 
Calyx-lobes small, ovate, acute. Corolla between rotate and 
campanulate, leathery, green ; segments ovate, acute, purple 
towards the base internally, where there is a thickened ring, 
swelling into 5-notched lobes that are opposite the sepals ; 
at the back of each lobe and adnate to it, is a slender, erect, 
flat, notched process. Anthers triangular ovate, meeting in a 
cone over the capitate stigma. Pollen contained in five 
slender brown bursae, that open in front, are bifid at the point 
and grooved down the back, and attached at the base to an 
ovate gland.— J. D. H. 

thmJ , nffied feT, ^^ ^ ^^^ CUt aWaj ' 2 and 3 ' P ° llen P ouches : ~ 



Tab. 5899. 


Native of Brazil. 

Nat. Ord. Aroide^e. — Tribe PHiLODENDREiE. 
Genus Philodendron, Schott ; (Prod. Syst. Aroid., p. 219). 

Philodendron Williamsii ; trunco crasso suberecto cicatricato, fol;is longe 
petiolatis 2-3-pedalibus ssagittatis acutis lobis posticis oblongo- 
ovatis obtusis, costis venisque subtus luride rubro-purpureis, costis 
loborum posticorum basin versus sinus marginalibus, venis patenti- 
bus, venulis numerosissimis, petiolo elongato terete kevi supra c;ina- 
liculato, pedunculis solitariis axillaribus spatha viridi intus flaves- 
cente pedali oblongo-cymbifbrmi basi subajquali attenuate, spadice 
cylindrico spatbam subsequante obtuso basi dorso spathae breviter 
adnato, infra medium paulo constricto, parte supra constrictionem 
inclinato iateraliter protruso, antheris elongato-cuneatis apice truncato 
trapaezoideo, poris minutis, ovariis 4-gonis multilocellatis, vertice late 
intruso, stigmatibus numerosis adnatis breviter decurrentibus, ovulis 
in loculis numerosis. 

This noble Aroid has been for years a well known 
ornament of the aquarium near the Palm House at Kew, 
growing in a pot the base of which is immersed, and 
forming a crown of bright green foliage, six feet in diameter, 
and four to five feet in height. It was sent to Kew by Mr. 
Williams, of Bahia, many years ago, flowers annually, and 
would have been published in this Magazine ere this, but 
for the difficulty of naming the plants of this genus, which em- 
braces upwards of one hundred and fifty species, many of them 
most imperfectly described. As however it agrees with none 
of those contained in Schott's excellent monograph (1800), 
has not since been figured in any publication accessible to 
me, and has not been recognised by the many continental 
botanists and horticulturists who have seen it at Kew, I 
am emboldened to describe it as new, and give it the name 

mat 1st, 1871. 

of the highly valued correspondent who contributed it to our 

Descr. Trunk two to four feet high, two to three inches in 
diameter, branched, brown, covered with suborbicular leaf 
scars, emitting numerous cylindric brown roots half an inch 
in diameter. Leaves numerous, one to two and a half feet 
long, sagittate, bright green, with pale veins above, paler 
beneath, with dull purple midrib and veins, coriaceous, acute 
or cuspidate, anterior portion obscurely lobed, with five to 
six pairs of spreading principal veins and innumerable inter- 
mediate ones ; posterior lobes oblong-ovate, obtuse, costa of 
these marginal at the base of the sinus only ; petiole two to 
two and a half feet long, slender, terete, grooved above, 
thickened at the base but not at the top, quite smooth, 
green. Peduncle axillary, solitary, as thick as the thumb, as 
long as or shorter than the spathe, green, cylindric. Spathe 
a foot long, convolute, then gaping and boat-shaped, obtuse, 
apiculate, very thick and herbaceous, green, much thickened 
but not inflated at the base, where it merges into the pe*- 
duncle, bright green, paler and yellowish internally. Sjjadix 
about equalling the spathe, stout, cylindric, obtuse, cream- 
coloured, constricted below the middle, the long upper male 
portion lolling laterally out of the spathe ; lower female part 
stouter, base oblique and dorsally adnate to the spathe. An- 
thers elongate-obpyramidal, with truncate tips and minute 
pores. Ovary obtuse, 4 -angled, columnar, many-celled, deeply 
hollowed out at the top, which is covered with adnate stigmas 
that are reflected and decurrent on the surface ; ovules nume- 
rous in each cell. — /. D. H. 

Fig. 1, imperfect stamens; 2, perfect ditto ; 3, ovary; 4, vertical, and 5, 
transverse section of ditto: — all magnified. 



Tab. 5900. 

Native of the United States. 

Nat. Ord. Leguminos^e. — Tribe Podalykie.*. 
Genus Baptisia, Ventenat; {Benth. and Hook. f. Gen. PL, vol. i. p. 466). 

Baptisia leucophcea ; herba humilis, plus minusve pilosa v. pubescens, ramis 
divaricatis flexuosis, foliis subsessilibns pahnatim 3-foliolatis, foliolis 
anguste oblongo-obovatis-oblanceolatis v. subspathulatis, stipulis 
bracteisque magnis foliaceis ovato-lanceolatis persistentibus, racemis 
elongatis reclinatis, floribus secundis pallide flavidis, pedicellis elongatis 
gracilibus, ovario villoso, legumine ovoideo longe acuminate 

Baptisia leucophcea, Nutt. Gen. PI. N. Am., vol. i. p. 282. DC. Prod., vol. ii. 
p. 100. Torr. and Gr. Fl. N. Am., vol. i. p. 385. A. Gray, Bot. N.U. 
States, p. 107. Chapman, Bot. S.IL States, -p. 112. 

Baptisia bracteata, Muhl, Cat. ex Elliott's Sketch, vol. ii. p. 468. DC. I. c. 

A hardy herbaceous plant, very ornamental, a native of 
dry woods and open places throughout the United States, 
from Michigan and Wisconsin to Texas and Georgia. It 
was introduced into England by Edward Leeds, Esq., of 
Longford Bridge, Manchester, to whom I am indebted for 
the specimen here figured, which was raised by him from seed 
collected in Iowa State, and which flowered in July 1870. 

Baptisia is wholly a North American genus, containing 
fourteen species, of which all are supposed to be hardy, and 
many are certainly well worthy of cultivation ; two are figured 
in this Magazine as Podalyrias, P. alba, tab. 1177, and P. 
tinctoria, tab. 1099, which yields a coarse indigo ; and a third 
(tab. 3121) is the highly curious B. perfoliata, with simple 
sub-orbicular perfoliate leaves and solitary flowers ; all have 
gone out of cultivation. 

Descr. A low perennial herb, one to two feet high, very 
variable in amount of pubescence, sometimes glabrous when 

MAY 1st, 1871. 

old. Stems stout, zigzag, almost horizontal, leafy. Leaves 
nearly sessile, trifoliolate ; leaflets sessile, one to three inches 
long, very variable in length and breadth, obovate, oblan- 
ceolate, or obovate- spathulate, acute, reticulately veined, turn- 
ing black when dry, as do the steins. Stipules very large, 
leafy, ovate-lanceolate, acute. Bacemes often a foot long, 
very-many-flowered. Flowers crowded, subsecund, pedicels as- 
cending, one to one and a half inches long ; bracts large, leafy, 
ovate-lanceolate, acute, spreading and reflexed. Calyx tube 
subcampanulate ; lobes four, short, subacute. Corolla yel- 
lowish-white ; standard orbicular, clawed, notched, reflexed ; 
wings oblong, notched at the base, claw slender ; keel boat- 
shaped, equalling the wings, also with a slender claw. Fila- 
ments glabrous ; anthers small. Ovary slender, villous ; stigma 
simple. Pod large, ovoid, turgid, hoary, long pointed. — 
/. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Flower with petals removed; 2, standard; 3, wing; 4, keel; 
5, ovary : — all magnified. 


Brooks J)ay*S 

Tab. 5901. 
NERINE pudica. 

Native of S. Africa. 

Nat. Ord. Amaryllide^e. — Tribe Amarvllea 
Genus Nerine, Herbert; (Amarillydacece, p. 283). 

Nerine pudica; bulbo elongato-ovideo, foliis lineari-elongatia obtusis con- 
cavis, scapo gracili, spathis subulato-lanceolatis rubris, ovario sub- 
horizontali, perianthio subcampanulato fere regulari, foliolis oblan- 
ceolato-oblongis apiculatis non undulatis candidis medio roseo-tinctia, 
genitalibus declinatis, antheris inclusis purpureis, stigmatibua patulis. 

I fail to find either a description answering to this plant, 
or a specimen in the Kew Herbarium ; it tiowered in the 
Royal Gardens in October, 1868, but I am unaware of its 
precise native locality, or of its introducer : its nearest a]]y 
is N.flexuosa (Bot. Reg. t. 172), which differs in the more 
irregular perianth, whose segments are narrower and much 
undulated. Besides the shape of the flower, N. pudica is dis- 
tinguished from all other Nerines known to me by the purity 
of the white perianth segments, delicately streaked with 
crimson down the centre. 

The Nerines form a most beautiful group of bulbous plants, 
and were great favourites amongst cultivators half a century 
ago. The Rev. Mr. Herbert, in his excellent remarks on the 
genus, observes that they require a vigorous autumnal 
growth of leaf, under warmth enough to excite, but with air 
enough to prevent their growing weak ; as with their con- 
gener, the Guernsey Lily, they are autumn flowerers, and 
should be allowed a three months' rest and drought, between 
May and September. 

Descr. Bulb one and a half to two inches long, narrow 
ovoid or flaggon-shaped. Leaves sis to eight inches long by 
may 1st, 1871. 

a quarter to one-third inch broad, narrow linear, obtuse, 
concave, not keeled or ribbed. Scape slender, exceeding the 
leaves, bright green. Spafkes scarions, one to two inches 
long, gradually narrowed from a broad base, pink. Flowers 
six to eight, nearly horizontal, one and a half inches long; 
pedicels one to two inches long, green, slender. Ovary 
nearly horizontal, of three subglobose lobes, green. Perianth 
campanulate, pure white, with a red streak down the centre 
of each leaflet on both surfaces, most strongly marked 
towards the base on the inner surface, and towards the tip 
on the outer ; leaflets half an inch broad, oblanceolate, 
apicu ate, spreading, not waved, nearly equal and re- 
gularly disposed, the four outer slightly upcurved. Fila- 
ments shorter than the perianth, decimate, three shorter than 
the others, tips upcurved ; anthers linear-oblong, purple. 
btyle slender, decimate; stigma shortly linear.— J D H. 

Jti>r r with perianth removed; 2 ' transverse «»*» ° f °™T- 


Tab. 5902. 
EPIDENDRUM evectum. 

Native of New Grenada ? 

Nat. Ord. OrchidEjE. — Tribe 
Epidendrum, Linn. ; {Lindl. Fol. Orchid., part 2, p. 1). 

Epidendrum (Amphiglottium) evectum ; canlibus gracilibus valde elongatis 
teretibus ramosis radicantibus, ramis apices versus foliosis, foliis distichis 
4-5-pollicaribus oblongo-lanceolatis obtusis emarginatis planiusculis, 
racemo brevi densifloro, bracteis parvis subulntis, floribus patentibus 
l^-l£ poll. diam. laete roseo-purpureis, sepalis petalisque anguste 
obovatis obtusis, labello columnse adnato 3-lobo, lobis profunde laceris, 
lateralibus brevibus quadrato-cuneatis, intermedio 2-fido lobis divari- 
catis sinu acuto, disco callo obtuse triangulari sublobulato et basi 
(inter lobos laterales labelli) tuberculis 2 parallelis elongatis instructo. 

I advance this fine plant as a new species with great hesi- 
tation, though supported by the authority of Reichenbach f. 
himself, who has kindly taken great trouble to identify it 
with the numberless closely allied species in the sub-section, 
{Schistochila tuberculatum to which it clearly belongs. It has 
been cultivated in Kew for many years, nourishing in the 
cool end of an " intermediate " Orchid house, where it forms 
a very conspicuous feature, from the great length of the 
stems, the bright purple of its flowers, which last for a long 
time, and its branching, rooting habit. Its nearest ally 
appears to me to be E. Lindeni, Lindl., from which it differs 
in the longer leaves, and more deeply laciniate lip, with the 
midlobe divided into two spreading segments, like a black- 
cock's tail. There is, however, very little to distinguish it 
from the descriptions of E. fastigiatum, Lindl., dichotomum, 
Presl., Jamesoni, Echb. f., ellipticum, Graham, and others, of 
which the West Indian E. elongatum, Jacq. (Tab. nost. 61 1), is 
the first published type, and which all differ by very variable 
mat 1st, 1871. 

characters (especially those of the disk and toothed margins 
of the lip). As it is, E. evectum is by far the handsomest 
form of the section that has hitherto flowered in England, 
(with the exception of those with branched racemes), and 
from its free growth and facility of cultivation, will always 
prove an acquisition in the cool Orchid house. It was pro- 
bably sent by Purdie from the New Grenadan mountains, 
but all record of its origin has long been lost. 

Descr. Stems fascicled, swollen at the base, three to five 
feet long, flexuous, branched, as thick as a swan's quill, leafy 
towards the tips. Leaves four to six inches long by one and 
a half to two inches broad, sessile, oblong-lanceolate, obtuse, 
emarginate, coriaceous, plane, sheaths rather short. Peduncle 
long, slender, clothed with distant, appressed scarious bracts, 
the lower of which are sheathing with subulate points, the 
upper small subulate without sheaths. Raceme four to six 
inches long, by three to four inches in diameter, lax, subcy- 
lindric, many- flowered ; bracts small, subulate; pedicels spread- 
ing and recurved, with the slender ovary one to one and 
a hall' inches long. Perianth one and a quarter to one and 
a half inches in diameter, bright rose-purple. Sepals and 
petals similar, narrow obovate, obtuse. Lip adnate to the 
column, rather longer than the sepals, 3-lobed nearly to the 
base, lobes all deeply cut and fringed ; lateral reflexed, 
cuneate-quadrate ; middle lobe larger, divided into two wide 
spreading, lacerate, subquadrate lobes, with an acute sinus 
and apiculus between them ; disk with an obtusely triangular, 
obscurely-lobed callosity, and two linear parallel tubercles at 
the base. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, column and lip : — magnified. 

Tab. 5903. 
H^EMANTHUS deformis. 

Native of Natal. 

Nat. Ord. Amartllide^k. — Tribe Amartlle^. 
Genus ELemanthus, Linn. ; (Herbert's Amaryllidacece, p. 232). 

HjEManthcs deformis ; bulbo compresso crasso humili depresso flavo-vire- 
scente, foiiis ad 4 late obovato rotundatis sessilibus patenti-recurvis 
3-4 poll, latia supra hirsutis subtus pubescentibus immarginatis 
brevibus, scapo brevissimo, bracteis ad 6 obovato-oblongis obtusis 
totis albis ciliatis, floribus numerosis candidis, perianthii laciniis erectis 
linearibus obtusis, antheris exsertis pallidis, stigmate breviter 3-lobo, 
ovulis pendulis. 

A very singular and indeed grotesquely ugly Cape bulb, 
with nothing but its curious form to recommend it for 
culture ; but to those who delight in contemplating every 
adaptation of their form and structure to environing con- 
ditions that plants present, or who seek to illustrate the 
botanical features of a country by cultivating groups of its 
plants, such a one as this presents many points of great in- 
terest. Dean Herbert remarks that there are two sections 
of ffamantkus, one with cylindric sheathing petioles, and 
consequently ovoid cylindric bulbs, which flower and leaf at 
the same time (see Tab. nost. 961, 1995, 1315, 4745, 5314, 
5378) ; and another with sessile broad-based leaves, that do 
not sheath, and which consequently have comp'ressed bulbs ; 
these flower before the leaves are fully produced (Tab. nost. 
1075, 1239, 1618, 3373, 5532). To these has since been 
added a third section with cylindric bulbs, that flower before 
the leaves are fully developed (Tab. nost. 3«70 and 5881). To 
me it appears that the genus maybe better divided into those 
with spreading, and those with erect perianth segments, a 
character to which Mr. Herbert gives secondary value ; 

HAY 1st, 1871. 

whilst of the latter there are again two sections, one with 
terete bulbs and usually petioled more or less plaited leaves ; 
the other, with compressed bulbs and distichous thick flat 
leaves, to which the present and a.few other species belong. 

Hcemantlius deformis is a native of Natal, and was sent to 
the Royal Gardens in 1869, from those of Natal, by their 
zealous superintendent, Mr. M'Ken, and it flowered in March, 
1871 ; its similarity in habit to certain species of the 
liliaceous genus Massonia is very striking. 

Descr. Bulb very broad, low, green, four to five inches in 
diameter, slightly compressed, yellow green. Leaves about 
two pairs, three and a half to four inches long and broad, 
spreading and recurved, distichous, orbicular or obovate- 
orbicular, scarcely sheathing, not undulate nor margined, 
dark green, smooth, hairy above, pubescent beneath. Scape 
very short, sessile amongst the leaves. Head compressed, 
parallel to the bulb, two inches high, one and a half inch in 
its longest diameter. Involucral spathes about six, equal, erect, 
obovate-oblong, obtuse, ciliate, pure white. Flowers numerous, 
pure white, shorter than the involucre. Perianth-tube shorter 
than the erect linear obtuse lobes. Stamens exserted ; anthers 
pale yellow. Ovary obovoid ; style slender ; stigmas three, 
small, acute. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Flower ; 2, perianth lobe, and stamens; 3, ovary, with style and 
stigma ; 4, transverse section of ovary : — all magnified. 


W.Fitch.del etlith. 

Viricen; - 

Tab. 5904. 

DRYMODA picta. 
Native of Moulmein. 

Nat. Ord. Orchide^e. — Tribe VANDEiE ? 
Genus Drymoda, Lindl. {Serf. Orchid, t. 8 C). 

Drymoda picta ; aphylla, pseudobulbis depresso-planis orbiculatis cortice, 
appressis, scapo solitario 1-flore filiformi basin versus squamis 2 
liyalinis instructo. 

Dbymoda picta, Lindl. I.e. Wdlp. Ann. vol. vi. p. 467. 

One of the smallest and most curious of Orchids, hitherto 
only known from a drawing made by the late William 
Griffith in Mergni in the Malayan peninsula, in 1835, and 
forwarded by him to Dr. Lindley, who published it in his 
magnificent " Sertum Orchidaceum," in 1838, whence the 
description was copied intoWalper's Annalen, as quoted above. 
I have in vain sought amongst Griffith's published posthumous 
papers for any notice of this plant, as also amongst his draw- 
ings and MSS., which are preserved in the library at Kew. 
His original sketch, accompanied by his specimens, is in 
Dr. Lindley's Orchid collection, also now at Kew ; but I 
found no specimens amongst Griffith's general collections 
which have been incorporated with the Kew Herbarium. 
This however is easily accounted for by the fact, that many 
of the Griffithian collections, and especially the Burmese, 
were destroyed by damp and vermin in the cellars of the old 
India House, where they lay in open chests for many years 
before being transferred to Kew. 

The specimen of Drymoda here figured formed part of a 

JUNE 1st, 1871. 

very valuable miscellaneous collection of Orchids sent by the 
Rev. C. Parish, from Moulmein, in 1870, and flowered in 
February and March of the present year. From a comparison 
with Griffith's figure, it will be seen that the latter is re- 
markably correct, the only differences I perceive are, that 
in Griffith's figure the flower is represented in an inverse 
position, and much yellower, the scape also is stouter, red, 
and bears several sheaths, which I do not observe in his 

Descr. Pseudobulbs clustered, or in. a series, discoid, appressed 
to the bark, dull green, one-third to one-half inch in diameter, 
with a minute central mamilla, from which springs the scape, 
subtended by an exceedingly small ovate-subulate scale, that 
is the only representative of the leaf; surface covered with 
minute white scales. Scape capillary, one to one and a half inch 
long, with one or more appressed sheaths near the base, greenish 
yellow. Floioer solitary, two-thirds of an inch long from the 
dorsal sepal to the lip, inclined or horizontal. Dorsal sepal 
very small, ovate, acute, yellow green ; lateral sepals forming 
wings at the apex of a long curved semiterete green purple- 
spotted stipes, which projects from the base of the column, 
carrying the lip and lateral sepals far from the column and 
petals, spreading and recurved, obliquely ovate-lanceolate, 
concave, with gibbous incurved margins, yellow-green with 
dull purple bands. Petals very minute, spreading on each 
side the column, suborbicular, green. Lip ascending between 
the lateral sepals 1'rom the apex of the aforesaid stipes, deep 
purple, pedicelled, much smaller than the lateral sepals, ovate, 
3-lobed, subacute, convex and hairy on the disk. Column very 
short, with two long projecting oblong-obtuse yellow purple- 
spotted wings that are half as long as the stipes of the 
conjoined lateral sepals and lip. Anther small, convex, purple- 
topped. Pollen-masses connate into a 4-lobed mass, which is 
sessile on an exposed orange-yellow subglobose gland as big 
as themselves.—/. D. H. & & 

Fig. 1, whole plant; 2, front, and 3, lateral view of flower; 4, column 
and base of ovary ;5, iront, and 6, lateral view of pollen :~M m agnified. 


"W. Pitch del. ethth. 

Vincent Brooks Day &Son. • 

Tab. 5905. 


Native of Japan and N. China. 

Nat. Ord. Erice^e. — Tribe Ehododendre^e. 

Genus Ehododendron, Linn. ; (Maximowicz in Mem. Acad. Imp. Sc. Petersb., 
vol. xvi. No. 9, p. 13). 

Ehododendron (Azalea) Sinense; ramulis petiolis pedunculisque setoso- 
pilosis, foliis obovato-v. oblanceolato-oblongis obtusis glanduloso-apicu- 
latis pilosis hirsutisve nervis utrinque costse ad 10 patulis parallelis, 
floribus 5-10 subprascocibus umbellatis longe pedunculatis, sepalis 
brevibus ovatis ciliatis, corolla infundibulari-campanulata extus 
puberula ad medium 5-loba, lobis elliptico-ovatis, stamihibus 5 stylo 
vix brevioribus, capsula ovoideo-oblonga profunde sulcata parce setosa 

Ehododendron sinense, Sweet, Brit. Fl. Gard., vol. iii. t. 290. Maximowicz. I.e. 

Ehododendron molle, Sieb. and Zucc. Fl. Jap. Fatn. Nat, part 2, p. 131. 

Azalea sinensis, Lodd. Bot. Cab. vol. ix. t. 885. 

Azalea mollis, Bl. Bijdr. 853. Regel Gartenfl. 1867, p. 289, t. 556. 

Azalea japonica, A. Gray, in Mem. Amer. Acad. Sc. vol. vi. p. 400. 

Botanists are now pretty well agreed in considering that 
Azalea can no longer be considered a distinct genus from 
Rhododendron ; the characters taken from habit, foliage, form 
of corolla, number of stamens and ovarian cells, which have 
hitherto been used to distinguish Azalea, all reappearing, 
singly or several together, in many of the numerous species 
of Rhododendron that have lately been discovered in Northern 
India, the Malayan Islands, China, and Japan. I have there- 
fore followed the eminent Japanese traveller and botanist, 
Maximowicz, who published only last year a most elaborate 
monograph of the Rhododendrea, in assuming Sweet's old 
name "of Rhododendron sinense for the Azalea mollis of more 
recent authors. 

JUNE 1st, 1871. 

B. sinense is a native of Alpine shrublands in Japan, and is 
also cultivated both in Japan and China, whence it was intro- 
duced into England first in 1824, and again by Fortune in 1845. 
It is however still a very scarce plant in English gardens. 
The specimen here figured was communicated by Mr. Bull, 
F.L.S., and flowered in his establishment in Chelsea in March 
of last year. The flowers vary much in colour, from a dull, 
almost greenish-yellow, to orange-yellow, or bright orange- 

Descr. A small rigid shrub, with spreading naked branches, 
the younger more or less clothed with soft hairs, as are the pe- 
tioles, peduncles, calyx, and both surfaces of the leaves. Leaves 
spreading, one and a half to two inches long, membranous, 
shortly petioled, obovate- or oblanceolate-oblong, obtuse, with 
a glandular apiculus, ciliate, hairy on both surfaces, nerves 
about ten on each side of the midrib, spreading ; petiole one- 
quarter to one-third of an inch long. Flowers five to ten 
in an umbel ; pedicels one to two and a half inches long. 
Calyx-lobes small, obtuse. Corolla between funnel and bell- 
shaped, 5-lobed to the middle, lobes ovate-oblong obtuse, 
varying in colour from pale dirty yellow to orange-red. 
Stamens five, filaments pubescent towards the base ; anthers 
small, yellow. Ovary hairy, 5-celled ; style slender, pubes- 
cent below, stigma small. Fruit (described by Maximo wicz 
as) ovoid-oblong, deeply grooved, shining, sparingly hairy. — 
J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Stamen; 2, calyx, ovary, style, and stigma; 3, transverse section 
of ovary : — all magnified. 


)r $ 


Tab. 5906. 
AND ROSACE carnea, var. eximia. 

Native of the Aiwerr/ne Alps. 

Nat. Ord. Primulace^e. — Tribe Piumule,*:. 
Genus Androsace, Tourn.; (Endl. Gen. Plant., p. 780). 

Androsace carnea ; laxe casspitosa, caulibus brevibus suberectis, foliis dense 
confertis patenti-recurvis linearibus v. subulato-linearibus subacutis 
planis enerviis sparse ciliatisv. ciliatis et puberulis, pedunculo stellatim 
tomentello, floribus capitato-umbellatis roseo-purpureis, calyce cam- 
panulato 5-ndo, lobis acutiusculis tubum corollae aaquantibus. 

Androsace carnea, Linn. Sp. PL, 204. Duly in DC. Prod., vol. viii. p. ;'»] . 
Reich. Ic. Crit. t. 580. Flor. Germ. vol. xvii. 1. 1112. Gren. and Godr. 
Fl. Franc, vol. ii. p. 456. 

Androsace Halleri, Gmel. bad. vol. iv. p. 151. t. 8. 

Aretia Halleri, Linn. • — Hall. Helv. t. 17. Plukenet Ahnag. t. 108. f. 5. 

Var. eximia, laxius et latius caespitosa, foliis laxioribus minus rigidis value 
recurvis longioribus linearibus sparse puberulis, floribus majonbus ^ 
poll, diametro. Ic. nost. t. 5907. 

A comparison of this form of Androsace carnea, with the 
usual state of that plant as it occurs in Dauphiny, the Py- 
renees, Savoy, and Switzerland, shows it to be characterized 
by its greater size, looser cushion-like tufts, longer, more linear 
and uniformly recurved leaves, with sparse pubescence, and 
much larger flowers, of a very fine rose purple colour ; so 
great indeed are these differences, that when pots of living 
specimens of this and the ordinary form are placed side by 
side, it is hard to believe that they are not specific ; but the 
comparison of an extensive suite of herbarium specimens, shows 
so many intermediate forms, together with so many other 
varieties, that I believe it will be found impossible to separate 
them by any certain character. Fortunately too I have been 
able to submit the flowering specimens to M. Cosson, of 1 aris, 

JUNE 1st, 1871. 

and Mr. J. Ball, both accomplished European botanists, who 
recognise it as a variety of carnea, and one which they have 
met with both in the Pyrenees and Auvergne. 

The Eoyal Gardens are indebted for this lovety Alpine to 
Mr. G. Maw of Brosely, who collected it in the Pic de 
Sancy, Mont Dore, in 1870, and who presented us with a 
fine plant of it in the early spring, from which this figure 
was taken. 

Descr. Tufts six to twelve inches and upwards broad, of a 
lively green, formed of numerous almost globular inclined 
rosettes, one inch in diameter. Leaves one-half to three- 
quarters of an inch long, close set, uniformly recurved, linear, 
subacute, plane, ciliate on the edges, laxly pubescent on both 
surfaces, with simple or forked hairs, hardly dilated at the 
base. Scape short or almost suppressed, lengthening in fruit, 
robust, clothed with stellate pubescence, as are the bracts, 
pedicels, and calyces, about 5-flowered ; bracts erect, oblong, 
subacute, gibbous at the base, equalling or shorter than the 
pedicels. Calyx campanulate, turbinate at the base, segments 
ovate-oblong, subacute, green. Corolla rose-purple, with a 
yellow eye, one-third of an inch in diameter ; lobes obovate, 
rounded at the tip ; throat closed by short folds or scales. 
Ovary depressed, globose, glabrous. Capsule ovoid. Seeds 
black, oblong, granulate. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Leaf; 2 and 3, flowers; 4, corolla laid open ; 5, ovary, style, and 
stigma : — all magnified. 


W FLtch.deleiiith 

Vincen.tBrooks.Day & Son. Imp. 

Tab. 5907. 
fuchsia sessilifolta. 

Native of tie United States of Colombia. 

Nat. Ord. OnaORABIEJS. 

Genus Fuchsia, Linn. ; (Benth. and Hook. f. Gen. PI., vol. i. p. 790). 

Fuchsia sessi/ (folia ; ranmlis ultimis pubcrulis, ceterum glaberrima, foliis 
sessililms oppositis et 3-4-natim verticillatis elliptico- v. oblongo-lanceo- 
latis acuminatis remote denticulatis basi aciitis, floralibus minoribus, 
floribus breviter pedicellatis racemoso-paniculatis pollicaribus, ovario 
elliptico, calycis tubo rubro basi panlo inflato viridi, segmentis anguste 
lanceolatis petala parva ovata obtusa sanguines superantibus, genitali- 
bus breviter exsertis, stigmate globoso 4-lobo, bacca oblonga poly- 

Fuchsia sessilifolia, Benth. in Plant. Ilartweg, p. 176. Walp. Rep., vol. v. 
p. G67. 

Discovered by Professor Jameson, of Quito, in 1835, in 
woods near Pernello in the valley of Pasto, amongst the 
Andes of Colombia ; and subsequently gathered by Hartweg, 
in 1842, in wooded valleys of Guyan, on the western slopes 
of Pichincha, from whose collections it was first described 
by Bent ham. There are also specimens in the Hookerian 
Herbarium, collected by Jervoise in Antioquia, and by 
Triana at an elevation of 7000 ft. in the forests of Quindiu, 
so that it has probably a pretty wide range in the Colom- 
bian Andes. It is a greenhouse plant, and only recently 
introduced into this country by Mr. Isaac Anderson- Henry, 
F.L.S., Hay Lodge, Edinburgh, who raised it from seeds 
sent by Professor Jameson in 1865. I am indebted to that 
gentleman for the specimen here figured, which flowered in 
June, 1S66. As a species it is abundantly distinct, and may 
be recognised by its pendulous habit, bright red 4-angled 
stems, sessile usually whorled leaves, and crowded sub- 
panicled inflorescence. 

■JUNE 1st, 1871. 

Descr. A leafy bush, three to six feet high, quite glabrous 
except the youngest parts, which are slightly hairy ; branches 
bluntly 4-angled, red. Leaves sessile, rarely opposite, usually 
whorled in threes and fours, three to five inches long, lanceo- 
late or elliptic-lanceolate, acuminate, acute at the base, 
toothed, bright green and shining with a red mid-rib, often 
bullate between the many depressed veins. Flotvers about 
one inch long, in terminal pendent crowded leafy panicled 
racemes ; bracts or floral leaves a quarter to three-quarter 
inch -long, lanceolate, sessile ; pedicels shorter than or 
equalling the ovary. Calyx-tube narrow, slightly swollen 
at the green base, red above and funnel-shaped ; lobes much 
shorter than the tube, triangular-lanceolate, acute, spreading, 
greenish. Petals shorter than the calyx-tube, broadly 
ovate, obtuse, blood-red. Stamens included. Ovary green, 
elliptic j stigma globose, 4-lobed. Berry oblong, half an inch 
long, 4-grooved. Seeds obliquely cuneate. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Flower : — magnified. 



Vincent Br ooto^ay&Son,bnP 

Tab. 5908. 

Native of the Bight ofBiafra. 

Nat. Ord. More^;. 
Genus Dorstenia, Plumier ; (Endl. Gen. PL, p. 278). 

Dorstenia Mannii ; caule erecto rigido subnodoso simpliciusculo tomen- 
toso, foliis petiolatis elliptico-obovatis acuminatis integerrimis v. sinuato- 
subdentatis utrinque glabrisad basin angustatam obtusis subcordatisve, 
stipulis minutis subulatis, pedunculis rameis tomentosis, receptaculis 
orbicularibus cnnvexis margine processubus tentacula simulantibus 
elongatis ornato, alveolis masculis et foemineis sparsis, perigonio 0. 

Discovered on the river Old Calabar, in 1863, by Mr. 
Grustav Mann, then the intrepid collector for the Royal 
Gardens, now a Forest officer serving in the Bhotan province 
of India, and by whom living plants were sent to Kew, 
which flowered in November, 1865. It has also been col- 
lected in the same locality by the Rev. W. Thomson, the 
discoverer of Clerodendron Thomson® and many other fine 

The genus Dorstenia is common in Tropical Africa, whence 
Mr. Mann has sent dried specimens of several species, but of 
these the present is the most singular, because of the long 
green processes slightly thickened towards the tips that 
fringe the receptacle, and pointing in different directions, 
resemble the tentacles of a sea-anemone ; in some herbarium 
specimens these are one and a half inch long, and much 
more clubbed at the tip. 

* I may here state that Aristolochia Thwaitesii, Hook. (Tab. nost. 4918), 
supposed to have been sent by Dr. Thwaites from Ceylon, proves to be a 
native of Old Calabar, whence living plants have been sent by Mr. Thomson 
to the Glasgow Botanic Garden, and communicated to me by its curator, 
Mr. Bullen. 

JUNE 1st, 1871. 

Descr. Stem six to ten inches high, terete, rather flexuous^ 
erect, somewhat swollen at the scars of the fallen leaves, 
densely rather scabridly, but shortly tomentose. Leaves four 
to eight inches long, two and half to four inches broad, rather 
membranous, elliptic or obovate, acute, narrowed at the small 
obtuse or subcordate base, dark green, pale beneath, obscurely 
sinuate-toothed, or quite entire, glabrous but opaque on both 
surfaces. Petiole one quarter of an inch to one inch, pubescent. 
Stipules minute, subulate, persistent. Receptacle on the stem 
at the scars of old leaves, peduncled, orbicular, about one inch 
diameter, green, pubescent on the back, very convex ; margin 
with ten to fifteen slender, stiff, unequal processes one-half to 
two inches long, which are thickened towards the tip, radiate 
outwards and backwards, and point in different directions ; 
peduncle half an inch long; surface of receptacle nearly smooth, 
green. Stamens and pistils scattered promiscuously in cavities 
of the disk, without any perianth. — /. B. H. 

Fig. 1, Vertical section through the receptacle ; 2, portion of ditto, showing 
stamens and pistil : — both magnified. 



Vincent Br ooks,Da.y &Son.Imp 

Tab. 5909. 


Native of Ceylon. 

Nat. Ord. Scitamine^e. — Tribe Zikcibere.k. 
Genus Curcuma, Linn. ; (Endl. Gen. PL, p. 223). 

Curcuma albiflora ; glaberrima, foliis floribus coetaneis petiolatis ellipticis 
ovato-oblongisve acuminatis basi acutis concoloribus, scapo brevi, spica 
3-5-pollicari, bracteis oblongo-lanceolatis obtusis 2-pollicaribus erectis 
apice paulo recurvis viridibus superioribus gradatim minoribus omnibus 
floriferis, perianthio albo, exteriore spathaceo ore obliquo 2-fido, inte- 
riore subcampanulato, laciniis 3 exterioribus lineari-oblongis obtusis 
erectis, 2 interioribus obovato-oblongis, labello suborbiculari recurvo 
albo disco flavo apice emarginato, ovario gibbo, glandulis epigjnis 
lineari-elongatis oblique truncatis, antheraj loculis basi calcaratis, 
calcaribus incurvis. 

Curcuma albiflora, Thwaites, Enum. Ceylon PL, 316. 

A very anomalous species of a large Indian genus, native 
of Ceylon, whose roots were sent by its describer and dis- 
coverer, Dr. Thwaites, F.E.S., to the Eoyal Gardens in 1862, 
which flowered in July of the following year. Though 
belonging to the genus which contains the cultivated 
Turmeric and Zedoary, and various wild species of which are 
used in Oriental cookery, I am not aware that the roots of 
the plant here figured have ever been so used. 

The genus Curcuma comprises plants of very distinct habit, 
and of these the true Turmerics, of which Curcuma longa, L., is 
the type, flower at the same time with the leaves, and have the 
lower bracts connate, so that the flowers appear to grow out 
of pouches in the spike ; to this also belongs the beautiful 
C. australasice (Tab. nost. 5620) and the Zedoary, C Zedoaria 
(Tab. nost. 1546) ; in all these moreover the upper bracts are 
free, flowerless, and usually very brightly-coloured. This group 
is divisible into two, according as the scapes are lateral or 

JUNE 1st, 1871. 

terminal. In the other section, of which C. albijlora is the only 
species known to me, the bracts are green, free, or nearly so, 
and all floriferous. In the Enumeration of Ceylon plants, 
C. albijlora is described as having a radical spike, but in our 
cultivated specimen the spike is sessile amongst the upper 
leaves and at a considerable distance from the root. 

Descr. Boots tuberous and fascicled. Stem none, but the 
sheathing bases of the petioles which surround the scape, 
together form a compressed green stem one inch in diameter 
at the base. Leaves long-petioled, glabrous, five to seven 
inches long, elliptic or ovate-oblong, or elliptic-lanceolate, 
acuminate, acute at the base, somewhat plaited parallel to the 
nerves, deep green above, paler beneath ; petiole slender, two 
to three inches long, exclusive of the sheathing portion, which 
is as long. Spike sunk amongst the uppermost leaves, 
oblong, cylindric ; bracts all green, loosely imbricate, two 
inches long, oblong-lanceolate, obtuse, the upper rather 
longer, all flower-bearing. Floicers white. Outer perianth 
spathaceous, half as long as the tube of the inner, obliquely 
split at the mouth, and 2 -fid at the tip ; inner perianth 
campanulate, 6-lobed, 3 outer lobes oblong, obtuse, suberect ; 
two inner broader and larger; lip suborbicular, waved at 
the edge, notched with overlapping lobules, disk yellow. 
Epigi/nous (/lands linear, obliquely truncate. Anther short 
subquadrate ; cells with short incurved spurs. Ovary 3- 
ribbed, gibbous. — ./. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Flower ; 2, ovary and outer perianth; 3, lip, anther, and stigma; 
4, ovary, epigynous glands and base of style : — all magnified. 



Vmcen t Brooks Day & Son.t"F- 

Tab. 5910. 
eria extinctoria. 

Native of Birma. 

Nat. Ord. Orchidaceve. — Tribe MalaxidEjE. — § Dendrobie,e. 
Genus Eria, Lindl. {Gen. et Sp. Orchid., p. 65). 

Eria extinctoria ; aphylla, pseudobulbis aggregatis depressis orbiculati3, 
scapo terminali solitario v. geminato erecto filiforme unifloro, sepalis 
lateralibus posticis basi longe in calcar extinctorii-forme productis, 
labelli tricarinati unguiculati limbo trilobo lobo centrali latiore bifido. 

Dendrobium extinctorium, Lindl. Sot. Reg., sub tab. 1756, No. iv. ; Walp. 
Annales, vol. vi. p. 308. 

Eria capillipes, Parish MSS. in Herb. Kew. 

Like Brymoda picta, figured in our last number (Tab. 5904), 
we have here another singular little leafless Birmese Epiphy- 
tal Orchid, first collected by the late Mr. Griffith, by whom spe- 
cimens were transmitted to Dr. Lindley, who briefly described 
it in a note in the Botanical Register cited above, referring it 
to the genus Bendrobium. This reference to Bendrobium must 
be attributed to some oversight in the examination of the 
pollinia, for these are clearly eight in number, as pointed out 
first by the Eev. Mr. Parish, to whom we are indebted for our 
specimens, which flowered in the Royal Gardens in April last. 

From the same gentleman we have a careful drawing and 
analysis, dated 1870, to which he has appended the note :— - 
" This little plant answers so remarkably to the description of 
Lindley's Bendrobium extinctorium that I long assumed it was 
it, but on examination I find it is an Ena /" 

The specimens sent originally to Dr. Lindley were insuffi- 
cient for complete examination, hence his error as to the 
pollinia. Specimens are in the Kew Herbarium gathered by 
Mr. Griffith and by Dr. Falconer. 

•rriA 1st. 1871. 

Descr. Pseudobulbs clustered, subglobose, truncate or de- 
pressed above, one quarter to half an inch in diameter ; from 
the centre of the depressed disk rises the slender filiform 
scape (or pair of scapes) from a minute scaly mammilla. Scape 
one and a half to two and a half inches long, purplish or 
crimson below, with one or two minute sheathing squamae. 
Floiver solitary, half to two-thirds of an inch long. Posterior 
sepal ovate, acute, white, or tinged with rose ; lateral sepals ob- 
liquely ovate, acute, equalling the posterior sepal, produced 
below and adnate to the column, forming an extinguisher-like 
obtuse or retuse, slightly curved, greenish-tipped spur. 
lateral petals oblong or oblanceolate, nearly equalling the 
sepals^ white or faint blush. Labellum narrowed below into 
a distinct claw, with three subprominent, papillose, longi- 
tudinal ridges, more or less orange below and on the median 
line, transversely blotched with rose-purple above ; lateral 
lobes broadly rounded, median lobe bifid, with rounded 
segments. Free apex of the column very short; anthers 
convex, rose or purple. Pollen-masses eight, in two opposed 
parallel pairs of four each, connate at the base.— D. 0. 

Fig. 1 Side, and 2, front view of flower; 3, labellum ; 4, column; 5 and 
b, lateral and front view of pollinia :— all more or less enlarged. 




Tab. 5911. 


Native of Australia. 

Nat. Ord. Passiflore^e. 
Genus Passiflora, Linn.; (Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. PI, vol. i. p. 810). 

Passiflora (Disemma) cinnabarina ; glabra, foliis trilobis palmatisve lobis 
ovatis v. ovato-ellipticis acutiusculis, petiolis eglandulosis, corona 
interiore ore contracto filis in membranam integram plicatam pilosnlam 
concretis, exteriore interiorem superante filis uniseriatis distinctis. 

Passiflora cinnabarina, Lindl. in Gard.Ohron., 1855, p. 724 (cum ic. xylog.). 

Disemma coccinea., Belgique fforticole, vol. xv. (1865), p. 289, tab. 18. 

This elegant climber was first introduced by Sir Thomas 
Mitchell fifteen to twenty years ago. It is very nearly allied 
to Passiflora Banksii, Benth. ("Flora Australiensis," iii. 312), 
the Disemma coccinea of De Candolle, differing in the absence 
of glands on the petiole, and in the relatively much shorter 
inner corona, which consists of a continuous deeply plicate 
membrane, closely contracted at the mouth around the gyno- 
phore. The only specimen in the Kew Herbarium was 
presented to Sir W. J. Hooker by Mr. Backhouse, who 
received it from Sir W. Macarthur. It is not localized, and 
neither Dr. Lindley nor the Belgique Horticoh gives the 
precise region whence the plant was introduced. Our figure 
is from a plant flowered last March in the Temperate House 
of the Eoyal Gardens, Kew, grown from seeds presented by 
Mr. Grant Duff, M.P., Under-Secretary of State for India, 
and which had been procured from the Melbourne Botanic 
Gardens by Evelyn Sturt, Esq., who brought them to 

Duscr. A slender glabrous climber. Brancies terete, of 

«JLT 1st, 1871. 

the thickness of a crow-quill. Leaves usually deeply trifid, 
occasionally 5-lobed, base subcordate or distinctly cordate 
with a wide sinus ; lobes ovate or ovate-elliptical, entire, or 
the median lobe with a broad obtuse lateral tooth on each 
side, acute or broadly pointed, glabrous, membranous, one 
and a half to two and a half inches long and broad. Petiole 
rather shorter than the blade, eglandular, glabrous. Stipules 
subulate. Flowers axillary, solitary, widely spreading, scarlet, 
about two and a half inches in diameter ; peduncle one inch 
more or less, with a few scattered subulate bracteoles. 
Sepals 5, narrowly oblong or linear-oblong, obtuse, one inch 
long. Petals one-third to half as long as sepals, oblong. 
Outer corona of a single series of slender erect filaments. 
Inner corona much shorter than the outer, membranous, 
deeply plicate, contracted at the mouth, shortly softly villous, 
like the outer pale yellow or whitish. — (I have not fresh flowers 
for examination, but Mr. Fitch represents an intermediate 
series of short filaments in the corona, fig. 1). Gynophore 
exserted, three-quarters of an inch long. — D. 0. 

Fig. 1, Transverse section of corona and base of gynophore: — enlarged. 



Vincent Brooks Day & SonJmp 

Tab. 5912. 
milla capitata. 

Native of California. 

Nat. Orel. Liliace^e. — Tribe Milled. 
Genus Milla, Cavanilles ; (Kunth. Enum. Plant., vol. iv. p. 478). 

Milla capitata ; bulbo ovideo prolifero tunica to, foliis anguste linearilms 
elongatis acuminatis, scapo gracili elongato, spatha? valvis pluribua 
elliptico-lanceolatis violaceis floribus brevioribus, perianthio caerules- 
centi-violaceo, submarcescenti 6-fido, lobis ovatis obtusis erectis, stami 
nibus inclusis filamentis 3 alternis basi dilatatis complanatis inappendi- 
culatis, 3 utrinque lamina lanceolata antheram superanti iustructis, 
capsula inclusa. 

Milla capitata, Baker in Journ. Linn. Soc, vol. xi. p. 381. 

Brodi^a capitata, Bentk. PL Hartweg., p. 339. 

Dichelostemma capitata, Wood in Proc. Acad. Philad., 18fi8, p. 173. 

For the opportunity of figuring this charming bulb we are 
indebted to our excellent correspondent, Max Leichtlin, of 
Carlsruhe, who transmitted fresh flowering specimens from 
his garden in May last. It was originally described by Mr. 
Bentham, in the " Plantse Hartwegianae," and bus long been 
known to us in the Herbarium from specimens collected in 
California by Douglas, Coulter, and others. Mr. Baker, in his 
valuable Monograph of the Gamophyllous Capsular herba- 
ceous Liliacea? (Journ. Linn. Soc, vol. xi. p. 349), on the ground 
of technical convenience, refers our plant to the genus Milla, 
established by Cavanilles for his M. bifora, including under 
Brodiaa only triandrous species, in which the alternate 
stamens are reduced to staminodia. Unfortunately this 
generically separates species, which in every other respect 
appear congeneric, while it associates others, which certainly 
look generically distinct. The alternative, however, seemed 

JULY 1st, 1871. 

to be to reduce all {Moriaa, Milla, Dic/telostemma, Triteleia, 
Hesperoscordum, Calliprora, and allies) to one genus. 

Descr. Bulb one half to three quarters inch diameter, 
ovoid or subglobose, proliferous, sheathed by fibrous scales. 
Leaves usually two from each flowering bulb, . elongate, 
narrowly linear, glabrous, tapering above, one foot long or 
more, one-eighth to one-sixth inch broad. Scape tall and 
slender, one to two feet or taller, glabrous. Umbels several- 
or many -flowered, compact, about one and a half inches in 
diameter. Valves of spathe several, ovate or elliptic-lan- 
ceolate, acute, falling short of the flowers, deep violet. 
Pedicels one fourth to one half the length of the flower. 
Perianth infundibuliform, sexfid, blue-violet, lobes ascending, 
ovate, obtuse, one half to three-fourths inch long. Stamens six, 
inserted at mouth of tube, alternately rather unequal ; three 
opposite to the three outer segments of perianth with short 
unappendaged filaments complanate and dilated at base j three 
opposite to the inner segments with each side of the very 
short filament adnate to a lanceolate membranous erect scale, 
which overtops the linear anther. Ovary narrowed above 
and below. Capsule many-seeded, included in the marcescent 
perianth. — D. 0. 

sone^llJntergei ** """ ^ ^ 5 3 ' ^^ SeCti ° n ° f ^ ^ 



Tab. 5913. 
RHYNCHOSIA Chrysocias. 

Native of the Cape of Good Hope. 

Nat. Ord. Leguminos^e. — Tribe Papilionace^e. 

Genua Rhynchosia, Lour. ; (Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. PI, vol. i. p. 542.)- 

§ Chrysocias. 

Rhynchosia Chrysocias ; volubilis, ramis pubescentibua tomentosisve, foliis 
pinnatim 3-foliolatis breviter petiolatis, foliolis oblongo-lanceolatis 
obtusiusculis supra sparse hirtellis glabratisve subtus pubescentibua v. 
tomentosis, stipulis ovato-ellipticis obtusis, floribus urabellatis peduncu- 
latis, pedicellis flore aequilongis v. brevioribus, calyce tomentoso-piloso 
5-fido (labio superiore bipartito), corolla aureo-flava. 

Rhynchosia Chrysocias, Benth. in Harv. et Sond. Flora Cap., vol. ii. p. 248. 

Chrysocias grandiflora, E. Mey. Coram., 139. 

Glycine erecta, Thunb. Ft. Capensis, p. 592 (fide Harv. I.e.). 

Cylista lancifolia, Eckl. et Zeyh. Herb., No. 1690 (fide Harv. I.e.). 

It is remarkable that this beautiful climber should not 
have earned a coloured plate long ago, at a time when Cape 
plants were more generally and specially cultivated than they 
are at present. It flowers very copiously in spring, trained 
up the rafters of a greenhouse. Our figure is from a plant 
flowered last May in the Eoyal Gardens, Kew. This species 
is very nearly allied to Ehynchosia Leucoscias, differing tech- 
nically in the deeper division, into two linear-lanceolate 
teeth, of the upper lip of the calyx. 

Descr. Branches flexuose or twining from a woody base, 
slender, terete, closely pubescent or shrubby tomentose. 
Leaves pinnately trifoliolate, thinly pubescent above, more 
closely pubescent or tomentose beneath; leaflets oblong- 
lanceolate, rather obtuse or subacute, entire ; one to one and a 
half inches long, five to eight lines broad ; lateral leaflet* on 

JULY 1st, 1871. 

petiolules of one line or less, terminal scarcely or but 
slightly exceeding the lateral at an interval of one-sixth to 
one-fourth inch. Stipules ovate-elliptical, obtuse or broadly 
pointed, pubescent or shortly tomentose, one-third inch long. 
Peduncles axillary, varying to about three inches in length, 
pubescent. Pedicels equalling or shorter than the calyx, 
somewhat glandular-pilose ; involucral bracts elliptical, 
pubescent, ciliate, deciduous. Flowers two-thirds to three- 
fourths of an inch ; calyx green, pilose or tomentose ; corolla 
golden yellow. Calyx deeply 5 -fid, lobes linear-lanceolate, 
rather obtuse, much exceeding the tube, nearly as long as 
the corolla, two upper lobes the shortest. Vexillum erect, 
rotundate, emarginate ; alee and carina subequal, obtuse. 
" Legumes not much larger than the calyx, pilose." — D. 0. 

Fig. 1, Calyx and stamens, the corolla removed; 2, vexillum ; 3, carina; 
4, one of the alae , 5, pistil : — all somewhat enlarged. 


Tab. 5914. 
ARIS^EMA concinnum. 

Native of Sikkim Himalaya. 

Nat. Ord. Aroide^e. — § ARiSAHEiE. 
Genus Aius^ema, Martins ; (Schott. Prod. Syst. Aroid., p. 24). 

Arisjgma concinnum ; tubere subspheerico superne radiculoso, scapo soli tar io 
folio breviore, basi vaginato unifoliato, folio digitatim, 9-11-foliolato, 
foliolis elongato-ovalibus utrinque attenuates v. apice caudato-acumi- 
natis, spatha inferne tubulosa fauce aperta lamina longe acuminata 
decurva longitudinaliter (masc.') ex albo et casrulescenti purpureo vel 
(fern.), viridulo striata, spadice subincluso apice truncato vix clavato 

Aris.ema concinnum, Schott in Bonplandia, 1859, vol. xxvii. ; Prod. tiyst. 
Aroid., p. 50. 

Nearly allied to Arisaema papillosum, Schott-, figured in the 
Botanical Magazine (Tab. 5496), but a more elegant species, 
and technically belonging to a different section, marked by 
the form of the appendix of the spadix, which is clavate in 
A. papillosum, and scarcely thickened upwards in our plant. 
The spathes, purple and white in the male plant, green and 
white in the female, are graceful in form and attractive in 
colour. They expand in spring, our figure being from a 
specimen which flowered last April in the Royal Gardens, 
introduced by Mr. Gammie from the Sikkim Himalaya, where 
this species was discovered by Dr. Hooker in 184S, growing 
in forests at an elevation of 6-10,000 feet. The colour of 
the spathe and the spadix of the male plant are taken from a 
drawing made under the late Mr. Cathcart's superintendence, 
which has been authenticated by Dr. Schott. 

Descr. Leaf solitary; petiole erect, one to two feet 
long, sheathing the scape below, and sheathed at the base 
by two or three successively longer, membranous, closely 

JULY 1st, 1871. 

applied scales ; leaflets elongate, oval, gradually narrowed to 
each end, often very finely tapering above, glabrous, mem- 
branous, paler beneath, varying to nearly one. foot in length, 
one inch to two and a half inches in breadth. Scape con- 
siderably shorter than the petiole, erect, glabrous. Spat he 
convolute, tubular below ; tube two to three inches long, half 
to three quarters inch in diameter ; lamina- slightly recurved 
at the mouth, gradually narrowed above into a long taper- 
ing pendent appendix ; the spathe of the male plant striated 
white and dark blue-purple ; of the female white and green 
longitudinally, paler outside ; appendix of spathe varying to 
nearly six inches in length in the female, shorter in the male. 
Spadix but slightly exserted, appendix hardly thickened 
above, subcapitate, truncate, not clavate. — D. 0. 

Fig. 1, Entire plant, much reduced; 2, two leaflets and their attach- 
ment, with the apex of the peduncle ; 3, female, and 7, male inflorescence, 
enclosed by spathe ; 4, spadix of female; 8, of male plant; 5, ovary; 6, 
same laid open ; 9, stamen : — the analyses magnified. 


Vincent Brooks. Day & Son.Imp 

Tab. 5915. 
GREVILLEA macrostylis. 

Native of West Australia. 

Nat. Ord. Proteace^e. 
Genus Grevillea, R. Br. (JEndl. Gen. Plant., p. 340). — § Leiogyne. 

Grevillea macrostylis ; frutex, ramulia subvelutinis, foliis subsessilibus 
ovatis basi cuneatis trifidis lobo centrali trilobato, lobulis pungente 
acutatis supra glabratis subtus sericeis, floribus terminalibus v. axilla- 
ribus subumbellatis, perianthii basi dilatati limbo revoluto, stylo 
longissime exserto glabro. 

Grevillea macrostylis, F. Muell. Frag. Phyt. Austr., vol. i. p. 137; Benth. 
Fl. Austr., vol. v. p. 428. 

A valuable addition to our hard-wooded Australian collec- 
tion, with neat compact habit, and close somewhat rigid 
foliage ; flowers freely at or near the end of nearly every 
twig in spring and early summer. Our figure is from a 
specimen flowered last April in the Eoyal Gardens, Kew, 
where it was introduced in 1868 from seeds transmitted 
by our highly valued correspondent, Dr. Ferdinand von 
Mueller, from the rich Botanical Gardens of Melbourne. It 
is a native of East Mount Barren, in Western Australia. 

Descr. Branches terete, closely puberulous. Leaves sub- 
sessile or very shortly petiolate, ovate, trifid, base cuneate, 
lobes entire, pungent-pointed or central lobe with a lateral 
triangular tooth on each side, upper surface early glabrous, 
at first with minute subdistant appressed hairs, minutely 
sericeous beneath, one inch to one and a half inches long and 
broad. Flowers fascicled or umbellate, few together, in the 

Jl-ly 1st, 1871. 

upper axils or terminal and overtopping the leaves; pe- 
duncle very short or none ; pedicels one-sixth to one-fourth 
of an inch long, silky. Perianth one-half to two-thirds of 
an inch long, thinly silky-pubescent externally, obtuse or 
rounded at base, limb revolute. Style elongate curved, one 
and a half inches long more or less. — D. 0. 

Fig. 1, Two flowers detached : — enlarged. 


W Fitch, del. ethth. 

Vincent Broois.Day&SonJnip 

Tab. 5916. 


Nati dp of Japan. 

Nat. Onl. PftlMOLAC&S. — Tribe PimiCl.K.C. 

G-ouua Phixula, L (K,kII. Cm. Ptant, ]>. I'M). 

Primula japonica ; glabra, iuliis vi.x petiolatia obovato-obloagia v. spatlm 
Litis argute dentatia v. duplioatp-dentatia reooaia ffrwrnrffiT, icapo date, 
floribua numerous verticillatia, involucri bracteia [ifiaari-aubulatia 
inappendictilatia integerrimia pedicello muIto-braYioribui, calyoa 
ordideo-campanulato, lobia fcriangulari-subulatia, tubo intu* farii 
jequilongis, corollae purpureas tubo calycan longe auparanta I"!";'* 
obcordatia, oapaula globoeq rertioa audatdonuQ] irragularitar rupta. 

Pnnni.A jajMiiiicn : .1. Gray in M,m. Am<r. Acad. Sen ixr.v.A. vi. p. In" 

Respecting the discovery of this superb plant, I have been 
favoured with the following note, by Air. Fortune; it is dated 
April 26th, 1871, and states that " it was met with by me, in 
full flower, in gardens near Yedo, in May. W>l. ! Bared 
its seeds at the time, and sent them home to England, Hut 
they failed to vegetate. Plants also were lost on the voyage. 
Since that time I have made many efforts to introduce it into 
England, but only last year succeeded in getting seeds to 
vegetate. For these seeds 1 am indebted to W. Keswick, 
Esq., of Hong Kong, and Messrs. Walsh, Hall, and Co., of 
Yokohama, which gentlemen have thus the honour of intro- 
ducing a very lovely plant into English gardens. It is per- 
fectly hardy in England, and is now, April 20th, in full 
bloom in Mr. Bull's establishment at Chelsea, there are 
several varieties, all beautiful, and no doubt we soon shall 
have many more." 

The only previous notice of this plant I can find, is A 
Gray's description quoted above, and which was drawn tip 

Ai<;tM 1ST, 1*71. 

from specimens collected near Hakodadi, by Charles Wright, 
who discovered it in 1855, and which was published in 1859! 
As a species it is very closely allied to P. prolifera, of the 
Khasia mountains, in East Bengal, discovered by Wallich's 
collectors, previous to 1830, and which we have collected, 
but not in flower, inhabiting marshy spots at an elevation of 
5000 feet on that range. It is also most closely allied to the 
yellow flowered P. imperialis, Junghuhn {Cankrienia chry- 
santha de Vriese), of the mountains of Java (4-9000 feet 
elevation), and possibly all may prove varieties of one species. 

P. japonica has been collected also by Maximovicz, at 
Yokohama, and by Consul C. P. Hodgson, near Hakodadi. 
The splendid specimen here figured flowered in Mr. Bull's 
establishment, at Chelsea, in April of the present year; it 
bears far more flowers than the indigenous ones. 

Descr. Glabrous, without pubescence or powder, or with 
a very spare sprinkling of atoms on the leaf beneath.' Leaves 
subsessile, three to six inches long, one to three inches broad, 
obovate-oblong or subspathulate, obtuse, finely singly or 
doubly toothed, convex above, wrinkled and veined. Scape 
one to one and a half feet high, stout, strict, erect, bearing 
three to six spreading whorls of six to eighteen fine clear 
purple flowers an inch in diameter. Pedicel as long as the 
flowers. Calyx-tube sub-hemispheric, inner surface coated with 
yellow powder, lobes triangular-subulate. Corolla-tube nearly 
three times as long as the calyx, lobes obcordate. Style 
slender Capsule subglobose, hardly exceeding the calyx- 
teeth, bursting irregularly into 5 valves.— J. D H. 

t I^i Fl0Wer ' With COr ° !la removed ; 2, ovary, style, and stigma -.-all 





Tab. 5917. 
ABUTILON Darwini] 

Native of South Brazil. 

Nat. Ord. Malvaceae. — Tribe Malv-r^. 
Genus Abutilon, Ocertn. ,• (Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. PL, vol. i. p. 204). 

Abutilon Darwinii ; frutescens, molliter velutino-tomentosum, foliis petio- 
latis basi cordatis 5-9-nerviis, inferioribus late palmatim 5-fidia 
superioribus 3-fidis supremis integris ovatis, lobis triangularibus acu- 
minatis crenulatis v. denticulatis, floribus in axillia solitariis v. 2-3-nis 
gracile pedunculatis nutantibus subsanguineo aurantiacis, nervis satu- 
ratioribus, calycis tomentosi tubo hemispherico, lobis triangulari-ovatis 
acuminatis enerviis petalis obovato-orbiculatis subdimidio brevioribus, 
carpellis numerosis (15 — 20) vesicularibus. 

I received flowering specimens of this plant from my friend 
Mr. Darwin, in April last, with the information that he had 
raised it from seed transmitted by the learned German 
zoologist, Fritz Mueller, of Itzigahy, in St. Catherines, S. 
Brazil, and that it forms a large, erect, handsome bush, 
loaded with flowers, and is very ornamental ; also that it 
possesses the peculiarity of being, during the early part of its 
flowering season, absolutely sterile with its own pollen but 
fertile with the pollen of any other individual (of the same 
species); whilst later in the season it is capable of s« i ll- 

Referring to the Herbaria, I find beautiful dried specimens 
communicated by Dr. Fritz Mueller in 1869, with flowers 
fully two and a half inches diameter, (much larger than in the 
cultivated plant), and others gathered at a long antecedent 
date, namely, in 1836, by Tweedie, who found it in shady 
woods at the summit of St. Joveir. Dr. Mueller's specimens 
are labelled as from Capivari, a locality presumably in the 
AUGUST 1st, 1871. 

province of St. Catherines, where Dr. Mueller resides, though 
the only place of that name which I find in the maps is in 
the province of Rio de Janeiro, and E.N.E. of the capital. 
Where St. Joveir (as I read it, for Tweedie's writing and 
spelling are equally bad) is I cannot tell, — the only place of 
that name I find is in Bolivia, far from the scene of Mr. 
Tweedie's travels, which extended over an immense tract of 
country chiefly to the southward and westward of Brazil 
proper, extending into Tucuman, Banda Oriental, &c. 

It is with hesitation that I have advanced this as a new 
species of a genus already numbering some seventy to eighty 
species, many of them Brazilian. Its allies are A. Bedfordi- 
anum, Hook. (Tab. Nost. 3892), A. virens, St. Hil., and 
A. pictum (Tab. Nost. 3840), which all differ abundantly. 

Descr. A large, branching shrub, copiously covered with 
dense short velvety tomentum. Branches terete, slender. 
Leaves petioled, four to six inches long, by two to four broad, 
all deeply cordate at the base, the lower broad and palmately 
5- to 7-lobed to near the middle, the upper 3-lobed, the 
uppermost entire and ovate-cordate ; lobes of all triangular, 
ovate, acute, minutely toothed and crenate ; nerves three to 
nine, palmately spreading from the top of the petiole, which 
is one and a half to two inches long, slender and terete. 
Flowers one to three in the axils of many of the leaves, one 
and a half to two and a half inches in diameter, broadly cam- 
panulate, drooping, dark orange-red, with blood-red veins 
and bases of the petals ; peduncles slender, one half to one 
inch long. Calyx densely velvety-pubescent, tube hemi- 
spheric, lobes triangular-ovate, acuminate, quite entire, about 
one-third as long as the petals. Petals orbicular-obovate, 
concave. Stamens very numerous, column of anthers oblong, 
dark orange-red. Carpels numerous, ten or more, hairy ; 
styles filiform, stigmas capitate. Fruit vesicular, small (ripe 
not seen). — ./. D. II. 

Pig. 1, Ovary, style, and stigmas : — magnified. 


W Fitch deletlith 


Tab. 5918. 
DENDROBIUM barbatulum. 

Native of Western India. 

Nat. Ord. Okchidaceje. — Tribe Malaxidejj. — § Denprobiej:. 
Genua Dexdkobium, Siuartz ; (Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orchid., p. 7-4). 

Dendrobium barbatulum ; caulibus pedalibus juniorbus undique foliosis cito 
aphyllis teretibus basi modice incrassatis simpliciusculis, foliis anguste 
lanceolatis membranaceis, racemis lateralibus laxifloris strictis v. curvis 
pedicello rachique gracillimis, floribus secundis lacteis, sepalis ellipticia 
acutia petalis lanceolatis latioribus, labelli lobis lateralibus parvis sub- 
acutis intermedio obovato-spathulato apice integerrimo subacute-, calcare 
viridi longiusculo. 

Dendrobium barbatulum, Lindl. in Wall. Cat. No. 2013; Gen. et Sp. 
Orchid., 84. Lindl. and Paxt. Fl. Gard. vol. iii. p. 113, cum ic. xylog. 
non Wight. Ic. PL Ind. t. 910, qum D. chlorops ; nee hujus operis t. 
5444, qua D. Fytcheanuni). 

This is a species which, though discovered as long ago as 
the beginning of this century, and published by Lindley 
about 1830, has since been misunderstood, partly because 
Wight figured another and closely allied species (D. chlorops) 
for it ; and still later a third plant, a Moulmein one (Z>. 
Fytcheanum, Batem.), has been figured as D. barbatulum in 
this magazine (Tab. 5444). As it is, the true D. barbattilutit 
may be known from D. chlorops by its larger pure white 
flowers, with more elliptic acuminate sepals, and much nar- 
rower petals; and from I). Fytcheanum by the sepals not 
being orbicular, by the totally different lip, and colourless 
column, as also by the swollen base of the stems. A much 
closer ally is the B. Heyneanum (Lindl. in Wall. Cat., 
n. 1995, et Gen. et Sp. Orchid., p. 90; Wight. Ic. t. 909); 
but this is a very much more slender plant, with smaller 
flowers, and other differences. 

UTGUST 1st, 1871. 

D. barbatulam is, however, a very variable plant, as a 
comparison of our figures 3, 4, and 5 shows ; and other forms 
are no doubt forthcoming. The Boyal gardens are indebted 
to Mr. Woodrow, the able Curator of the Poona Botanic 
Gardens, for plants of the true D. barbatulum, which 
flowered in March of the present year. It is a native of 
forests in the Concan and other mountains in the Western 
Peninsula of India, whence there are specimens in the 
Hookerian Herbarium from Heyne, Wight, Gibson, Law, 
Stocks, and Dalzell. It has long been in cultivation in Eng- 
land, and is well figured by Lindley in Paxtons Magazine, 
as far as the woodcut is concerned. 

Descr. Stems tufted, curved, suberect, rather stiff, about a 
foot long, terete from a swollen base, gradually tapering to a 
point ; joints about an inch apart, clothed with membranous 
sheaths. Leaves on the young shoots only, three to four 
inches long, by one-half to two-thirds of an inch broad* 
narrowly lanceolate, acuminate, membranous, deciduous. 
Bacemes lateral, together with the graceful, almost filiform, 
slightly-curved peduncles four to ten inches long, many- 
flowered. Flowers secund, almost pure white, with a green 
spur ; buds pale green, narrow, acuminate ; perianth spread- 
ing, one and a quarter to one and a half inches in diameter ; 
pedicels one-quarter to one-half of an inch, slender. Sepals 
elliptic, acuminate or subobtuse. Petals much narrower, 
gradually narrowed from the base to the acuminate or obtuse 
tip. Lip about as large as the sepal ; lateral lobes very 
small, ascending, acute, striated with, pink ; mid-lobe large, 
obovate-spathuiate, acute, or obtuse, with an obscure yellow 
villous spot at the very base, a short raised mesian ridge. 
Spur conical, straight, subacute, about half as long as the 
sepals. Column very short indeed. Anther hemispherical. — 
/. D. //. 

Fig. 1, Column base of lip and spur ; 2, lip; 3, 4, and 5, varieties in the 
form of the flower : — all but 4 and 5 magnified. 



T fin o« t BrooteT>w*S«> p 

Tab. 5919. 
GREVILLEA intricata. 

Native of Western Australia. 

Nat. Ord. Proteacejs. — Tribe Greville.*. 
Genus Gkevillea, R. Br. ; {Benth. Ft Austral., vol. iv. p. 417). 

Grevillea intricata ; fruticosa, ramulis gracilibus, novellis floribusque sparse 
sericeis ceterum glaberrima, foliis elongatis gracilibus bis terve 3-natim 
divisis, segmentis remotis divaricatis lineari-subulatis v. filiformibus 
teretiusculis rigidis acutis sulcatis, racemis terminalibus et lateralibus 
gracile pedunculatis, pedicellis filiformibus, perianthio gracili revoluto, 
limbo (inaperto) globoso, toro recto eglanduloso, stylo recto, stigmate 


Grevillea intricata, Meissn. in Hook. Kew Joum. Bot. f vol. vii. p. 74 ; et in 
DC. Prod. vol. xiv. p. 387. Benth. Fl. Austral, vol. iv. p. 481. 

A very slender plant, native of the warmer parts of South- 
western Australia, at the Murchison river and Champion 
Bay, where it was discovered in 1855 by T. Drummond, and 
found later by Messrs. Oldfield and Burges ; the former of 
whom describes it as a bushy white-flowered shrub, six to 
ten feet high, growing in rocky places. In its wiry habit, 
curious foliage, small flowers, and pale colour, it little re- 
sembles the species of Grevillea in ordinary cultivation, and 
affords a conspicuous instance of those great differences in 
habit, and those variations in foliage and inflorescence, &c, 
that all the large Australian genera present. The hooked 
tips of the young leaf-segments, which spread like bird's- 
claws, would suggest that this plant was a climber; and 
though there is no evidence of this, it is quite conceivable 
that, under special circumstances, it might become so, since, 
though described as a rigid, erect shrub in its dry, rocky, 
native soil, it assumes a lax growth, with pendulous branches, 

it, 1871. 

in the damper, cooler atmosphere of the Temperate House at 

Grevillea intricata was introduced into the Eoyal Gardens 
by seed received from Mr. Burges, which flowered in May 
of the present year. 

Descr. An erect, rigid, much-branched, glabrous shrub, 
six to ten feet high, becoming lax, with pendulous branch- 
lets in a cool damp greenhouse ; branches terete ; branchlets, 
yonng shoots, and inflorescence sparingly silky. Leaves 
spreading, four to six inches long, consisting of a slender, 
rigid, wiry petiole and rachis, with two to four pairs of 
distant, rigid, wiry, twice or thrice 3 -chotomou sly -forked 
segments, that stand at right angles to one another ; 
segments terete, pungent, grooved on the upper surface, 
young hooked at the tip. Racemes one to two inches long; 
axillary and terminal, dense, conical or ovoid, many-flowered, 
erect from curved ascending slender peduncles, white, with 
pale lemon-coloured buds, pedicels solitary or in pairs, one- 
sixth to one-fourth of an inch long, slender. Flowers small, 
one-sixth of an inch long. Perianth glabrous, strongly re vo- 
lute, the closed tips of the lobes forming in small spheres. 
Style stout, nearly straight, swollen below the middle ; stigma 
ovoid, angled, obtuse. Capsule shortly stipitate, one-half to 
three-quarters of an inch long, obliquely obovoid, woody, 
brown, smooth, somewhat rugose when old. — /. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Tip of leaf; 2, a pair of flowers : — both magnified ; 3, fruit, of the 
natural size. 


Tab. 5920. 
DARLINGTONIA Californica. 

Native of California. 

Nat. Ord. Sarraceniace^e. 
Genus Darlingtonia, Torr. ; {Benth. and Hook, f., Gen. PI, vol. i. p. 148). 

Darlingtonia Californica. 

Darlingtonia Californica, Torvey in Smithsonian Contributions, vol. vi. p. 4, 
t. 12 ; Walp. Ann., vol. iv. p. 169 ; Flore ales Serres, vol. xiv. tt. 1440. 
1441 ; Belgique Horticole, vol. v. t. 18. 

The following information regarding this most singular 
plant, which has been flowered by Messrs. Veitch in April of 
the present year, is compiled from a letter addressed to us by 
Mr. W. Robinson (who visited its native country in October, 
1870), and to whom the Royal Gardens are indebted for fine 
specimens. It is published in the " Gardener's Chronicle" 
for January 14th, 1871. 

The Darlingtonia grows in spongy sphagnum bogs, with 
Rushes and Sundew, on the Sierra Nevada of California, 
at five thousand feet above the sea, where the pitchers 
resemble a cluster of Jargonelle pears, ten to twenty-four 
inches high, surrounding flowering stems of three to three and 
a half feet high, which at the fruiting season bore capsules 
as large as walnuts. The top of the pitcher is turned over, 
forming a dome, which together with the whole upper part 
of the leaf, is of a ripe-pear yellow colour. All the pitchers 
are spirally twisted, especially above, and contain at the 
bottom two to three inches depth of closely-packed insects, 
°f all sizes, from little beetles to large moths. By what 
means the pitcher attracts these insects is not clear ; but it 
is easy to see how it disposes of them when enticed inside. Its 
inner surface is smooth for a short way down, when isolated 
hairs appear ; and, lower down, the whole chamber is lined 
with sharp slender transparent rigid needle-like hairs, 
directed downwards at an acute angle. Towards the base of 
august 1st. 1871. 

the pitcher the hairs converge, and the insects, which are at 
first guided downwards by the direction of these hairs, finally 
become entangled by their converging points, and struggling 
to escape, are killed by mutual pressure or confinement, or 
perhaps by drowning in the putrid mass. 

In a younger state than that described above the leaves 
are singular objects, from the tessellated dark-green markings 
on the polished upper part of the pitcher, and the pendu- 
lous lobe with two diverging flaps, that hangs down from 
its aperture ; most likely this singular flap plays an impor- 
tant part, as an insect trap, or decoy, in the economy of the 

Descr. Rootstalk horizontal. Leaves tufted, ten to twenty- 
four inches high, spirally twisted above, forming long 
narrow curved conical pitchers, one to one and a half 
inches diameter at the top below the mouth, the summit of ^ 
which is inflated and turned over, leaving a very narrow 
curved aperture directed upwards. The surface of the pitcher 
is veined ; a narrow wing runs down its ventral surface, and 
another along the crest of the top, whilst a bifid, dull-red, 
pendulous appendage, with oblong obtuse lobes, hangs down 
in front of the aperture; these lobes divaricate in young 
leaves, but are pendulous in old ones. Scape strict, erect, 
six to eighteen inches high when in flower, clothed 
with linear-oblong, obtuse, erect, concave, green, half-am- 
plexicaul bracts. Flower solitary, pendulous, three inches 
diameter. Sepals 5, linear-oblong, spreading, concave, pale 
green. Petals much shorter than the sepals, converging, one 
to one and a quarter inches long, yellow-green, with dark 
red-brown broad veins, linear-oblong, concave, contracted 
above the middle, and again dilated into a smaller terminal, 
obtusely concave appendage. Stamens 1 -seriate, numerous, 
hypogynous J filaments short, anthers linear-oblong. Ovary 
subcylindric below, dilated into a broad orbicular 5-lobed 
top, which is deeply depressed in the centre, 5-celled ; style 
stout, short, in the centre of the depression ; stigmas 5, ra- 
diating, stout, tips papillose ; ovules very many and minute, 
on large axile spongy 2-lobed placentas. Seeds obovate- 
clavate; testa membranous, with squarrose seta?; albumen 
granular and floury; embryo small basal, cotyledons very 
short, radicle cylindric. — J.B.H. 

Fig. I, Petal; 2, stamen and pistil; 3, transverse section of ovary :—all 


VmcentBrooks,T)ay& Son, Imp. 

Tab. 5921. 
ERANTHEMUM cinnabarinum, var. ocellatum. 

Native of Moulmein. 

Nat. Ord. Acanthace^e. — Tribe Erantheme^:. 
Genus Eranthemum; L. (Wees in A. DC. Prod. vol. ii. p. 445.) 

Eranthemum cinnabarinum ; glabrum v. minute puberulum, ramulis teretibus, 
foliia petiolatis ovatis v. oblongo-lanceolatis subcaudato-acuminatis, 
racemis terminalibus basi compositis recurvato-patentibus multifloris, 
flcribus fasciculatis subsessilibus secundis, bracteis filiformibus, calycia 
segmentis subulatis, corolla coccinea, tubo gracili calyce multoties 
longiore, limbi explanati lobis 2 superioribus minoribus oblongio 
obtusis, lateralibus oblongo-rotundatis, inferiore orbiculato, antheris 

Eranthemum cinnabarinum, Nees in Wall. Plant. As. Rar., vol. i. p. 20, t. 

21 ; etinA. DC. Prod, vol. ii. p. 453. 
Var. ocellata, foliis maculatis, maculia irregulariter orbiculatis obkmgisve 

stramineis roseo-ocellatis. 

A native of Martaban, where it was discovered in 1827 by 
Wallich, at the foot of the hills at Trogla, and figured in his 
magnificent " Plantse Asiatics Eariores." Nothing further 
was known of it till, some forty years later, it was discovered 
by the Eev. Mr. Parish, on an expedition to Na-Toung, in 
Birma. From that gentleman seeds have been received at 
Kew, produced by plants grown in his garden at Moulmein, 
and it is to the produce of these that the accompanying plate 
is due. The curious ocellate blotching of the leaf does not 
occur in the original specimens of Wallich and Parish, and 
is no doubt a deformity ; it may find favour in the eyes of 
many horticulturists, but, to my eye, such discolorations 
too much resemble eruptive skin-diseases to be objects of 
admiration ; they are not of the same nature as the ornamen- 
tation of Aruectochilm leaves, or the spots and bands on the 


foliage of the Indian Cypripedia, or of Episcia Chontalensis, 
figured in this number, which are consistent with healthy 
action of the cuticle and tissues of the leaf. 

Descr. A tall slender nndershrub, sometimes six feet 
high, of slender habit, with large deep - green smooth 
spreading leaves (blotched in the form here figured). Branches 
cylindric, slender, green, slightly tumid at the nodes. Leaves 
four to ten inches long, elliptic- or oblong-lanceolate, long 
acuminate, entire or obscurely crenulate, minutely pube- 
rulous on both surfaces, deep-green above, paler beneath ; 
petioles one and a half to three inches long, slender. Racemes 
terminal, naked, spreading and secund, compound at the 
base, four to eight inches long ; rachis terete, pubescent, 
slender. Flowers fascicled at intervals, subsessile ; bracts 
filiform, equalling the calyx. Calyx one-third inch long, 
puberulous, segments subulate. Corolla tube one inch long, 
three to four times as long as the calyx, pale red ; limb one 
and a quarter inches in diameter, deep vivid red, with a 
small white eye and darker blotch at the base of the lower 
lobe ; two upper lobes smaller, oblong, rounded ; two lateral 
larger than the upper; lower lobe orbicular, rather larger 
than the others. Anthers exserted, blue. Ovary puberulous ; 
style capillary, stigma notched.—/. B. H. 

Fig. 1, Calyx, style, and stigma; 2, ovary and disk : — both magnified. 


W. Pitch, del. etlith. 

Yincent Br oaks. Day &.Son,Imp 

Tab. 5922. 

Native of the Malayan Archipelago. 

Nat. Ord. OrchidEjE. — Tribe Cypripedie^E. 
Genus Cypripedium ; L. (Endl. Gen. PI., vol. i. p. 220). 

Cypripedium niveum; acaule, foliis 4-6 patentibus distichis oblongis acutis 
v. emarginatis basi arete imbricatis canaliculars supra luride viridibus 
albo-maculatis una cum scapo unifloro et ovario pubescente luride pur- 
pureis, bracteis parvis ovario elongato multoties brevioribus, floribus 
candidis, sepalo postico suborbiculato acuto, lateralibus in unura 
ovatum emarginaturn superiore multoties minus connatis, petalis late 
oblongis patentibus apice rotundatis punctis sanguineis conspersis, 
labello saccato parvo subsessili ovoideo ore contracto, staminodio 
transverse oblongo apiculato. 

Cypripedium niveum, H. Peichenbach in Gard. Chron. 1869, p. 1038. 

This very singular plant was originally described by 
Professor H. Reichenbach in the Gardener s Chronicle, who 
correctly points out its affinity with the Burmese C. concolor 
(Tab. Nost. 5513), whilst keeping it distinct, an opinion in 
which I entirely concur. Wide as are the limits of variation 
in OrcAidea, these less concern the Cypripedia than many 
other genera, and in this case the points of discrepancy 
between C. niveum and concolor affect many parts ot the 
structure; — thus in C. niveum the bracts are much smaller 
and of a different form ; the ovary is longer; the upper or 
dorsal sepal far broader; the lateral sepals are combined into 
one remarkably small notched blade, not one-fourth the size 
of the upper sepal ; the petals are considerably broader ; the 
lip much smaller, of a wholly different shape, with a con- 
tracted instead of an expanded mouth ; and the staminode 
is broader than long ; — to these structural differences must 

SEPTEMBER 1 ST. 1871. 

be added the long slender scape, different coloration of the 
leaves, which are spotted with oblong white blotches, whose 
axis is parallel to the length of the leaf; and lastly the striking 
difference in the colour of the flowers. 

C. niveum is a native of the Tambelan Islands, a small 
group midway between Singapore and the coast of Borneo ; 
whence, Mr. Bull informs me, he first imported it in 1 870 ; 
adding, that he had since received it from the West Coast of 
Siam. The beautiful specimen here figured flowered in his 
nursery in June of the present year. 

Descr. Stemless ; leaves beneath, scape, and ovary of a dark 
lurid purple colour. Leaves coriaceous, four to six inches 
long, distichous, bases closely imbricating, acute or notched 
at the tip, keeled, dark dull green above, with oblong 
greenish-white spots. Scapes several, six inches high, strict, 
slender ; bracts two, sheathing the base of the ovary, one- 
half to three-quarters of an inch long, oblong, obtuse, purple 
with yellow edges. Ovary two inches long, slender, pubes- 
cent. Floicers three to three and a half inches in diameter, 
snow-white. Dorsal sepal orbicular, cuspidate, streaked with 
scarlet at the back ; two lateral combined into one ovate 
notched blade placed under the lip and smaller than it. 
Petals spreading, slightly deflexed, broadly oblong, rounded 
at the tip, distinctly spotted with red-purple from the base to 
the middle. Lip one inch long, pure white, exactly ovoid, 
with a contracted mouth. Staminode transversely oblong, 
apiculate, white, with an irregular yellow disk. — J. D. II. 


W, Fitch.del.etlith. 

Vincent Brooks/Day &Scm.Irop- 

Tab. 5923. 

Native of the West Indies. 

Nat. Ord. LentibulariEjE. 
Genus Utricularia; Linn. (A. DC. Prod., vol. viii. p. 3.) 

Utricuxaria (Orchidioides) montana ; radicibus e tuberibus oblongis pedi- 
cellatis fibrillisque filiformibus, foliis radicalibus petiolatis lanceolatis 
acutis 3-nerviis nervis secundariis paucis, scapo erecto 1-5-flore brac- 
teato, bracteis linearibus remotis, floribus amplis cernuis pedicellatis, 
sepalis ovato-cordatis obtusis, corolla? labiis amplis planiusculis undulatis, 
superiore orbiculato basi truncato, marginibus recurvis, inferiore duplo 
majore transverse oblongo, palato prominente genitalia occludente 
calcare robusto incurvo labio breviore. 

Utricularia montana, Jacq. Ame?\, vol. vii. 6 ; Poiret, EncycL, vol. viii. p. 268; 

A. DC. Prod., vol. viii. p. 23; Griseb. Flor. Brit. W. Indies, p. 390. 
Utricularia alpina, Linn. Sp. PL, 25; Vahl. Emm., vol. i. p. 194 {Excl. 

Syn.); Hook. Exot. FL, t. 198. 
Utricularia grandiflora, Pers. Synops., vol. i. p. 18. 
Utricularia uniflora, Ruiz, and Pav. FL Peruv., vol. i. p. 20, t. 31, f. 6. 

To many who have seen this singular plant for the first 
time in cultivation, it will be a matter of surprise to be in- 
formed that it is a member of the same genus as the Bladder- 
worts of our ponds ; and departs from the habits of most of 
its congeners chiefly in being terrestrial, developing hollow 
tubers on the fibrils of its roots, at the base of its stem, and 
minute imperfect bladders. The occurrence of these bladders 
is a singular instance of the presence of organs, typical ot its 
family, in a member of it that can make no use of them. 
U. montana is an epiphyte, growing on wet mossy trunks of 
trees in the mountains of the West Indian Islands, where it 
has been detected in Montserrat, Dominica, St. Vincent, 


Grenada, and Trinidad, of the British Islands. It also in- 
habits Martinique ; and on the Main the Isthmus of Darien, 
Venezuela, Guiana, New Grenada, and Peru, advancing in 
the latter country to Huanuco in 10 degrees South. It is 
curious that a plant spread over so wide an area should not 
hitherto have been found in Jamaica. 

The Eoyal Gardens are indebted for this singular plant to 
Mr. Ortgies of Zurich, who received it with a collection of 
Orchids from the Spanish Main. It flowered in a tropical 
stove in July of the present year. 

Descr. Boots of ovoid stalked hollow green tubers, one- 
third to half an inch long, which are formed on filiform, wiry, 
tortuous fibrils, that also bear at intervals, beyond the tubers, 
minute deformed transparent utricles. Leaves four to six 
inches long, erect, elliptic-lanceolate, obtuse or acute, nar- 
rowed into slender petioles, dark-green on both surfaces, 
smooth, 3-nerved ; lateral nerves faint, joined to the central 
by faint oblique venules ; petiole terete, jointed above the 
base. Scape much longer than the leaves, erect, slender, 
wiry, terete, with one or several erect linear bracts. Flowers 
one to four ; very large, one and a half inches in diameter, 
drooping ; pedicels one-half to three-quarters of an inch long ; 
with a small obtuse bract at the base. Calyx-lobes pale green, 
ovate-cordate, obtuse. Corolla white, with a yellow palate 
and disk to the lower lip ; upper lip one inch in diameter, 
orbicular, with a truncate base, horizontal, with recurved 
edges; lower lip transversely oblong, twice as large as the 
upper, palate high and very prominent, closing the throat ; 
spur a stout horn, shorter than the limb, incurved. Stamens 
with clavate filaments, and vertical, two-celled anthers. 
Seeds fusiform. — /. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Lower sepal and upper lip; 2, lower lip and spur; 3, ovary 
and stamen : — all magnified. 



YT.Tto ! . 

Mincer I 

Tab. 5924. 
sedum glandulosum. 

Native of Sardinia. 

Nat. Ord. CrassUlace^:. 
Genus Sedum, L. ; (Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. PL, vol. L p. 659). 

SEDUM glandulosum ; annuum. humile, glanduloso-pubescens, foliis erecto- 
patentibus sparsis lineari-oblongis obtusis cylindricis facie obscure 
complanatis, floribus breviter pedicellatis axillaribus et in cynias 
breves simplices v. bifidas dispositis purpurascentibus, sepalis late ovatia 
subacutis, petalis ellipticis acutis, filamentis gracilibus, antheris purpu- 
reis, carpellis turgidis, erectis. 

Sedum glandulosum, Moris Stirp. Sard., El. i. p. 20 ; Flor. Sard., vol. iv. 
p. 121, t. 73, f. 3 ; Bertoloni FL Ital., vol. iv. p. 717. 

It is partly in the hope of reviving a taste for the cultiva- 
tion of a class of plants that were highly deserved favourites 
with our grandfathers, that the Botanical Magazine devotes 
an occasional plate to such a neglected group as the smaller 
European succulents, — a taste that is being most commend- 
ably and energetically encouraged by Mr. W. Eobinson, 
whose works on the cultivation of rock, alpine, and hardy 
plants have given a new direction to the energies of those 
lovers of horticulture who have little time, space, or means 
for gardening. Such plants possess all the attractions of 
variety, beauty of form, brightness of colour, rarity (if that 
be one), and curious structure, and afford far more real grati- 
fication to the cultivated amateur and intellectual gardener, 
than can gaudy carpets and hearth-rugs of Geraniums, Calceo- 
larias, and Verbenas scattered over grass lawns, and gay only 
tor a few weeks of the year. 

Sedum glandulosum forms a beautiful object in a pot, is of 
easy cultivation, and seeds freely ; it is a very rare and little 


known species, a native of the mountains of Sardinia, to 
which it was long assumed to be confined. The specimens 
here figured were, however, supposed to be raised from seeds 
gathered by Gt. Maw, Esq., in the Escorial in Spain (as he 
believes), and kindly communicated by him to the Eoyal 
Gardens, where they produced plants that flowered in June 
last, and were named by Mr. Baker. I state that this is 
Mr. Maw's impression regarding the origin of this plant ; 
but knowing, as I do, the danger there is of the seeds of 
annuals becoming mixed, there may be room for doubt. 
Unfortunately my friend is now on a horticultural tour in 
the Pyrenees, so that I cannot refer my suspicions to him. 

Descr. Whole plant covered with minute gland-tipped 
hairs. Hoot annual, of slender fibres. /Stems two to six 
inches high or long, suberect, decumbent or ascending, 
simple or forked. Leaves scattered, sessile, one-third to two- 
thirds of an inch long, linear-oblong, obtuse, cylindric, 
rather contracted upwards ; base quite simple. Floivers one- 
third of an inch in diameter ; usually alternate on short 
recurved simple or forked terminal cymes, pale-red purple ; 
pedicels slender, about as long as the flower. Sepals broadly 
ovate, subacute. Petals twice or thrice as long as the calyx, 
elliptic, acute, keeled. Stamens rather shorter than the petals ; 
filaments slender ; anthers minute, purple. Carpels erect ; 
many seeded ; style slender, one-twelfth of an inch long ; 
stigma minute. Seeds oblong, smooth, striate. — «/. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Leaf; 2, flower ; 3, ditto, with the petals and stamens removed: — ■ 
all magnified. 




Brooks Day&Son.Imp 

Tab. 5925. 
episcia chontalensis. 

Native of Central America. 

Nat. Ord. Gesneriacej;. — Tribe Beslerieje. 
Genus EpiscrA, Mart. ; (Hanstein in Linncea, vol. xxxiv. p. 24G). 

Episcia chontalensis ; molliter hirsuta, caule suberecto robusto, foliis ob- 
longo- v. elliptioo-ovatis utrinque obtusis crenatis convexis nervis 
impressis supra laste viridibus late purpureo limbatis, floribus axilla- 
ribus solitariis v. geminis, pedicellis petiolo subaequilongis, calycis lobis 
spatliulatis recurvis, corolla deflexa pallide lilacina tubo hirsuto 
anguste infundibulari basi gibbo deorsum protruso, limbi plani obliqui 
lobis rotnndatis margine crispato-dentatis. 

Cyrtodeira chontalensis, Seeinann in Gard. Chron., 1867, p. 655 ; Flore des 
Seires, vol. xviii. p. 165, t. 1924. 

A beautiful plant, first described by its introducer, Dr. 
Seemann, in the Gardeners Chronicle, as a species of Cyrto- 
deira, one of Hanstein's many genera, established in 1853 
(Linnaea, vol. xxvi. p. 206) amongst the Besleriea j and which 
he had the wisdom and candour to abandon in 1865 (Linnasa, 
vol. xxiv. p. 233), referring the species of Cyrtodeira to Martius's 
genus Episcia. Under this view, which is, I think, a cor- 
rect one, Episcia consists of the Bcslcriea with a prominent 
gland at the base of the ovary, straight short anther cells, 
free calyx segments, and a rather narrow tube to the corolla. 
It thus includes, besides other plants, Centrosolenia glabra 
(Tab. nost. 4552), C. bractescens (Tab. nost. 4675), Drymonia 
punctata (Tab. nost. 4089), and Achimenes cupreata (Tab. 
nost. 4312), to which latter, a native of New Grenada, the 
E. chontalensis is most closely allied. All are natives of 
tropical America, and chiefly of countries between Mexico, 
Venezuela, and New Grenada. 

SEPTEMBER 1st, 1871. 

Episcia chontalensis is a brilliantly coloured herbaceous 
plant, a native of the Chontales region of Nicaragua, where 
it was found in shady groves by the bank of a rivulet, near 
the Javali gold mine. It was procured for Mr. Bull, of 
Chelsea, to whom the Royal Gardens are indebted for a 
specimen, which flowered profusely in June of the present 
year, shortly after the accompanying drawing had been made 
from one of Mr. Bull's plants. 

Descr. A succulent, softly hirsute, herbaceous plant. 
Stems stout, terete, decumbent or ascending, dark red-purple, 
six to ten inches long. Leaves opposite and irregularly 
whorled, petioled, three to four inches long, oblong-ovate or 
elliptic-oblong, crenate-serrate, obtuse, base rounded or sub- 
cordate, very convex on either side of the depressed midrib, 
and between the much-sunk veins ; margins recurvjed j upper 
surface reticulated, bright emerald-green in the centre, with a 
broad dark purple limb, the purple advancing towards the 
midrib between the veins, under surface pale with prominent 
veins. Flowers solitary and geminate ; pedicels equalling 
the petioles, hirsute. Calyx small, green or red, segments 
linear-spatheolate, recurved, entire or toothed towards the 
tip. Corolla very pale lilac, deflexed; tube one inch long, 
slightly upcurved, with a prominent rounded sac projecting 
backwards beyond the calyx ; limb flat, oblique, one and a 
half to two inches in diameter, lobes orbicular with toothed 
margins. Stamens included. Ovary minute, with an erect 
dorsal hypogynous gland. Style filiform, stigma 2-lipped, 
included. — /. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Calyx, style, and stigma; 2, ovary and hypogynous gland: — both 


« lith 

Vincent Brooks. Day & Son. Imp- 

Tab. 5926. 
L1TH0SPERMUM Gastoni. 

Native of the Pyrenees. 

Nat. Ord. BoRAGlNE^:. — Tribe LlTHOSPERMEjE. 
Genus Lithospermum, L. ; (A. DC, Prod. Sgst. Veg., vol. x. p. 73). 

Lithospermum Gastoni; sparse et subadpresse pilosum, caule herbaceo e 
basi ramoso, ramis erectis rigidulis, foliis sessilibus confertis ovatis 
ovato-lanceolatisve sensim acuminatis basi obtusis subtus glabriusculis, 
fioribus paucis axillaribus solitariis, lobis calycis Ianceolatis extus 
villosulis pedicello glabriusculo duplo longioribus, corolla extus velu- 
tina, tubo gracili longitudine calycis lobis triplo brevioribus. 

Lithospermum Gastoni, Benth. in A. DC. Prod., vol. x. p. 83; Gren. et Godr. 
Fl. de France, vol. ii. p. 519. 

One of the rarest of European plants, confined to a few 
spots in the Pyrenees, where it was gathered by Mr. Bentham 
and Pastor P. Gaston in 1839, growing in clefts of almost 
inaccessible rocks, above Eaux-Bonnes, at the Pic de Gers ; 
since which period it has been collected in the Pic d'Anie 
and Col de Tartes, all in the Basses Pyrenees. It is a singu- 
larly beautiful plant, with much larger though not more 
brilliant flowers than the common L. purpuro-cantleum, to 
which it is closely allied. The specimen here figured was 
imported by Mr. Backhouse, and flowered in his Nurseries 
at York, in May of the present year. 

Dkscr. A short dwarf leafy perennial, covered with minute 
appressed hairs. Stem branched from the base; branches 
erect, simple, four to ten inches high, densely leafy. Leaves 
one to three inches long, spreading and recurved, ovate- 
lanceolate, tapering to a fine point, sessile, base rounded, 
keeled, bright green, paler and almost glabrous beneath. 
Floicers few, axillary, crowded towards the tips of the branches 


into a short leafy corymb that does not elongate in fruit, 
overtopped by the leaves, two-thirds of an inch in diameter ; 
pedicels almost equalling the calyx, angular, thickened at 
the top. Calyx velvety, short; segments lanceolate, acute, 
lengthening a little in fruit. Corolla deep-blue, with a white 
eye, and white or pale purplish raised pubescent bands down 
the centre of each segment ; tube short , lobes broadly ovate, 
mouth pubescent, throat with five broad pubescent lines. 
Stamens small, inserted in the lower part of the tube ; anthers 
elliptic, apiculate. Ovary depressed, 4-lobed. Style very 
short; stigma 4-lobed, included. Btpe fruit of yellowish 
shining subglobose nuts, acuminate, irregularly covered with 
little pits.— J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Flower; 2, corolla laid open; 3, ovary: — all magnified. 


VinoenLBrooltsDay (SLSon,]mp 

Tab. 5927. 

Native of Nicaragua. 

Nat. Ord. Amaryllidejc— Tribe AlsthcemeriejE. 
Genus Bomarea, Mirbel ; {Herbert Amanjllid., p. 109). 

Bomarea chontalensis ; caule volubili cylindrico velutino, foliis sparsis 
summis subverticillatis lanceolatia ellipticisve acuminatis glabris subtus 
glaucis, umbellis pubescentibus, pedunculis elongatis, lloribus numerosia 
laxe racemosis pendulis, periantbii axjualis foliolis 8 exterioribua 
obovatis obtusis roaeis, 3 interioribu8 spathulatia integerrhms pallidis 
brunneo maculatis, ovario triangulari. 

Bomarea chontalensis, Seemann in Gard. Chron. 1871, p. 479. 

A native of the margins of woods' in the Chontalfifl 
mountains of Nicaragua, where it was discovered by its de- 
scriber, at elevations of 2000 to 2500 feet above the sea, and 
whence roots were sent to Mr. Bull's establishment at 
Chelsea, where the plant flowered in August of the present 
year. As a species it is closely allied to H. edtdis, Tnssac 
(Alstroemeria Salsilla, Tab. nost. 1613, not of Feuillet), a native 
of St. Domingo, the tubers at the end of the root-fibres of 
which are boiled and eaten as potatoes, under the name of 
Topinambours Wanes : that plant has however fewer and less 
brightly-coloured flowers, and its inner perianth-segments 
are spotted with green ; the size of the flower is the same in 

B. chontalensis is a very handsome stove climber, and is no 
doubt easily cultivated, and increased by the removal of the 
tubers at the proper season. 

Descr. Stem several feet high, climbing, cylindric 
velvety, rich red-brown, as thick as a goose-quill. Leaves 

OCTOBER 1ST, 1871. 

scattered, except the three to five upper, which are whorled, 
three to five inches long, lanceolate or elliptic-lanceolate, 
acuminate, base acute, seven-nerved, bright dark green ; 
petiole short, twisted. Umbel pendulous, of about four un- 
equal, long, slightly spreading, pubescent four to six-flowered 
peduncles, each five to ten inches long ; bracts lanceolate or 
ovate-lanceolate, one quarter to three quarters of an inch long, 
green, spreading ; pedicels spreading, one inch long, green. 
Ovary turbinate, trigonous, with three thick ribs. Perianth 
one and a half inches long, subcampanulate, obtusely tri- 
gonous ; outer segments thick, fleshy, waxy, rose-red with a 
few brown spots round the margin at the tip, obovate, 
obtuse, very convex, obscurely keeled at the back, with a 
thick rib towards the tip ; inner segments a little shorter and 
much narrower, spathulate, obtuse, apiculate, quite entire, 
pale yellow blotched with brown, claw concave at the base in 
front. Anthers dark-purple. Style columnar; stigmas 3, 
short, spreading. — J. B. H. 

Fig. 1, Ovary, style, and stigma; 2, outer, and 3, inner perianth-seg- 
ment : — all magnified. 


WTitch de". • 


Tab. 5928. 

xiphion filifolium. 

Native of Southern Spain and Morocco. 

Nat. Ord. IridacejE. — Tribe Iride;e. 
Genus Xiphion, Tourn. ; (Tab. nost. 5890. 

Xiphion filifolium ; foliis valde elcmgatis setaceo-filiformibus flexuosis scapum 
1-rarissime 2-florum longe superantibus, spathis elongatis acuminatis 
striatis margine membranaceis, periantliii violacei tubo limbum di- 
midium superante, laciniis exterioribus supra medium angustis dein 
obovato-rotundatis, disco vitta lutea azureo-limbata truncata notatis, 
interioribus obovato-lanceolatis supra medium erosis apice 2-dentatis, 
capsula obtusa acute 3-gona. 

Xiphion filifolium, Klattin Linncea, vol. xxxiv. p. 571 ; Baker in Seem. Journ. 
Bot. (1871), vol. ix. p. 14. 

Iris filifolia, Boiss. Voy. in Esp.. vol. ii. p. 602, t. 170; Willie, el Lange, 
Prodr. Fl. Hisp., vol. i. p. 142. 

Now that the cultivation of hardy herbaceous plants is 
coming prominently into vogue, many beautiful novelties 
will be annually added to our beds, borders, and frames, for 
many years to come, and amongst them few are more desi- 
rable than the species of Iris and Xiphion, because of their 
facility of treatment, their rapid multiplication, varieties of 
gorgeous colouring, and comparatively early season of 

The species of Xiphion inhabit, for the most part, dry 
exposed places in the Mediterranean region, flowering from 
March to May, a month or two before they arrive at per- 
fection in this country. X. filifolium is a native of Southern 
Spain, where it was discovered by Boissier, in sandy calcareous 
rocks on the Sierra Bermeja, at an elevation of 3000 to 
4000 feet (French) ; it probably also inhabits Marocco, where 

OCTOBER 1ST, 1871. 

the magnificent X. tangitanum grows, a mncli larger plant, with 
darker more maroon-coloured flowers. Flowering specimens 
of this latter gorgeous plant were given me at Tangiers by 
Sir J. Drummond Hay, apropos of which Miss Hay informed 
me that a similar smaller flowered kind grew in the vicinity 
of Tangiers, which most probably is X.jilifolium. 

The specimen of X.jilifolium here figured was brought by 
Mr. Maw from the rock of Gibraltar in 1869, and flowered 
in Benthal Gardens in July of the present year. In Gibraltar 
it flowers in April. 

Descr. Bulb from the size of a hazel nut to a walnut, with 
a brown fibrous coat. Stem slender, one to two feet high, 
terete, leafy. Leaves sometimes twice as long as the stem, 
glabrous, filiform, flexuous, convolute, keeled, dilated at the 
base into a slender sheath. Spathes two to three inches long, 
compressed, narrow lanceolate, acuminate, green, pale brown 
when dry, deeply striated, margins and tip broadly mem- 
branous. Flowers one, rarely two, of a fine violet purple, 
one and a half to two and a half inches in diameter ; tube 
of perianth slender, half an inch long, enclosed in the 
spathes ; segments about twice as long as the tube ; outer 
with a narrow claw, which rather suddenly expands into a re- 
flexed orbicular obovate lamina, that bears on its disk a 
golden-yellow truncate stripe bordered with blue ; inner seg- 
ments obovate-lanceolate, erose above the middle, tip notched. 
Stigmas deeply two-lobed ; lobes lanceolate, acute, erose. Cap- 
sule one to one and a half inches long, linear, trigonous, acute 
at both ends. — J. B. H. 


Tab. 5929. 

EPIDENDRUM Pseudepidendrum. 

Native of Central America. 

Nat. Ord. Orchide^. — Tribe Epidendre^e. 
Genus Epidendrum, L. (Lindl. Fol. Orchid., Epidendrum.) 

Epidendrum (Amphiglottium) Pseudepidendrum ; caulibus csespitosis validis 
teretibus simplicibus basi modice incrassatis, apicem versus foliosis, 
foliis distichis lineari-oblongis acuminatis coriaceis enerviis, racemo 
terminali laxo paucifloro, pedunculo compresso spathaceo, pedicellis 
ovariisque gracilibus, bracteis parvis, floribus majusculis viridibus, 
labello columnaque miniato-aurantiacis, sepalis 1-J-pollicaribus anguste 
spathulatis acutis, petalis sepalis ajquilongis angustissimis apice dilatato 
elliptico, labello fere orbiculato retuso serrulato, disco carinis 5 percurso, 
callo basi lobato. 

Epidendrum Pseudepidendrum, Reich, fil. Xen. Orchid., vol. i. p. 160, t. 53. 

Pseudepidendrum spectabile, Reich, fil. in Mohl. and Schlecht. Bot. Zeit., 
vol. x. p. 733. 

A very curious species, remarkable for the singularity of 
its colouring, discovered by Warscewicz, growing on a species 
of Ficus, in the Cordillera of Chiriqui, at an elevation of 
4000 feet, flowering in January and February. For this 
information I am indebted to Eeichenbach's " Xenia," quoted 
above, where the plant is figured and coloured from a 
drawing made by its discoverer. 

The district of Chiriqui is in the peninsular portion of 
New Grenada, westward of Panama, and bordering Costa 
Rica on the East ; it is a hot and humid climate, where the 
Cordillera reaches no great elevation. The specimen here 
figured flowered in Messrs. Veitch's establishment in the 
King s Road, Chelsea, in July of this year, It was oblig- 
ingly sent for figuring in the Botanical Magazine. 

OCTOBER 1st, 1871- 

Descr. Stems two to three feet high, tufted, stout, 
eylindric, smooth, tumid at the base, rather distantly jointed, 
nodes not swollen, upper part amongst the leaves dark 
brown. Leaves confined to the top of the stems, five to 
seven inches long by two-thirds to three-quarters of an inch 
broad, distichous, suberect, narrowly linear-oblong, acumi- 
nate, coriaceous, obscurely nerved at the back, deep green, 
back keeled, margins recurved ; sheaths short, obscurely 
compressed. Raceme terminal, few- flowered ; peduncle very 
slender, compressed, clothed with appressed acute sheathing 
membranous brown spathes ; bracts one- eighth of an inch 
long, acute. Ovaries and pedicels very slender, together 
one and a half inches long. Perianth two and a half inches 
in diameter, bright green, except the lip and upper part, 
of the column, which are of an orange vermilion colour, 
contrasting singularly with the green. Sepals narrow or 
elliptic-spathulate, subacute, rather concave, less than half an 
inch at the broadest part. Petals as long as the sepals, very 
slender, with small lanceolate acute tips, ascending and in- 
curved. Column connate, with the base of the lip into one 
" subclavate, laterally compressed rather slender body. Lip 
(the free portion) suborbicular, retuse or emarginate, from the 
lip being recurved, margin erose and obscurely lobed ; disk 
with three to five parallel smooth ridges, and a three-lobed 
callus at the base. Column (the free portion) very short, stout, 
narrowed upwards. Anthers small, hemispheric. — J". D. H. 

Fig. 1, column and lip : — magnified. 


Tab. 5930. 

Native of South Africa. 

Nat. Ord. Asclepiade^;. — Tribe Statelier, 
New Genus Echidnopsis. 

Gen. Chak. Calyx 5-fidus. lobis triangularibus acutis valvatis. Corolla 
hemispherico-rotata, 5-loba, lobis ovato-rotundatis acutis. Corona 
staminea 0. Antherte erectee, incurva?, late elliptico-ovatse, apieibus 
membrartaceis horizontalibus. Pollinia erecta ; massae globosse, lateribus 
contiguis compressis rectis pellucidis, corpusculo parvo ope stipitis brevis 
compressi cum margine pellucido continui affixje. Fructus .... 
— Herba perennis, carnosa, succulenta, aphylla. Caules elongati, 
cylindriti, obtusi, cernui v. penduli, Mc illie constrictt, longitudinaliter 
8-sulcati, jugis obtusis transverse constrictis, in areolas quadratas v. 
hexagonas medio papilla alba notatas divisis. Flores parvi, jlavi, in sulcis 
fasciculati, sessiles. 

Echidnopsis cereiformis, Nobis. — Tab. nost. 5930. 

A very curious new genus of plants, belonging to the same 
tribe of Asclepiadece as Stapelia and its allies, but very dif- 
ferent from any of them in the structure of all its parts. It 
has been for a long time cultivated in the Royal Gardens and 
is not unknown in other collections under the name of 
Stapelia cylindrica, a genus with which it differs most widely. 
The native country of this singular plant is altogether un- 
known, and on reference to Mr. Wilson Saunders, from 
whose fine collection of succulents we have lately received 
specimens, he tells me, that though he has cultivated it for 
many years, he is equally ignorant of its native country. 

Treated like a Cereus or Stapelia, this plant thrives in the 
warm end of the succulent house at Kew, and flowers from the 
month of June to October. It would probably thrive well in 
a hanging pot. 


Descr. Boots fibrous. Stems tufted, one to two feet long, 
suberect or pendulous, one-half to three-quarters of an inch 
diameter, simple or here and there producing a short side- 
shoot, cylindric, slightly constricted at irregular distant 
intervals, eight-grooved and ridged, the ridges divided by 
shallow transverse depressions into tetragonal or hexagonal 
prominent areoles, each with a white central papilla (the 
remains of an undeveloped leaf), of a uniform bright green, 
firm consistence, and minutely granular surface. Buds from 
the transverse depressions on the ridges. Flowers small, pro- 
duced in the ridges towards the ends of the branches, fascicled, 
sessile, bright yellow, a quarter to one-third of an inch 
diameter. Calyx tube, hemispheric ; lobes 5, triangular, 
acute, spreading and recurved, valvate. Corolla very broadly 
rotate-campanulate, the short open hemispheric tube ex- 
panding into 5 orbicular acute spreading lobes. Staminal 
crown ; anthers forming a minute depressed five-lobed body 
in the centre of the flower, connate at their bases and 
coherent at their membranous tips with the small five-gonal 
stigma ; each broadly elliptic, inflexed from about the middle, 
smooth. Pollen masses erect, globose, yellow; their con- 
tiguous surfaces produced into a vertical transparent mem- 
brane, that is continuous with the very short cuneate stalk, 
which again is fastened to the small brown gland. — /. J). H. 

Fig. 1, Flower; 2, calyx and stamens; 3, pollen-masses: — all magnified. 


Rtch.deiet. htb 


Tab. 5931. 
ABISJ5MA curvatum. 

Native of the Himalaya. 

Nat. Ord. Aroide^e. — Tribe Arisare,e. 
Genus Aris^lma, Martins ; (Schott. Prod. Syst. Aroid., p. 24). 

Arisjema curvatum; foliis 1-2 pedatis, foliolis 8-18 sessilibus v.breviter petio- 
latis lanceolatis acuminatis v. caudato-acuminatis integerrimis, spathae 
tubo viridi cylindrico obscure albo-vittato, fauce aperta, lamina forni- 
cata elliptica acuminata dorso brunnea tubo subasquilonga, spadice e 
fauce procurvo ultra laminam longe producto, organis neutris 0, ap- 
pendice gracili arcuatim retrocurva cylindrica a basi ad apicem sensim 

ARiSiEMA curvatum, Kunth. Enum. Plant., vol. iii. p. 20. Schott. Prod. 
Syst. Aroid., p. 37. 

Aris^ema helleborifolium, Schott. Synops. Aroid., p. 29; Prod. I. c, p. 36. 

Arisjema, Wall. Cat., n. 8927. 

Arum curvatum, Roxb. Fl. Ind., vol. iii. p. 506. 

A very common plant in the humid forests of the Himalaya, 
from Bhotan to Simla, at elevations of 7000 to 9000 feet; 
first described by Eoxburgh from a specimen from Nepal, 
which flowered in the Calcutta Botanic Gardens. It is also 
found in the Khasia mountains, at elevations of 5000 to 
7000 feet, growing amongst rank herbage ; and a similar, if 
not identical species inhabits the mountains of the Concan, 
in the Peninsula of India. 

The tuberous roots of this and allied species of Jrisama 
are used for food in times of scarcity by the Lepchas of 
Sikkim ; they are prepared by burying them in masses in 
the ground, until acetous fermentation sets in, when they 
are dug up, washed, and cooked. By this means the 
poisonous properties of the root are in part dispersed, but 

OCTOBER 1ST, 1871. 

not altogether, and violent illnesses often follow a hearty 
meal of "Tong," as this food is called. The nutritions 
starch, with which these tubers are filled, might be easily 
separated by grating and washing, and an aliment as good 
as Portland Island arrow-root (the starch of. Arum maculatum) 
be thus procured in quantities. 

The Eoyal Gardens are indebted for tubers of this plant to 
Mr. Grammie, formerly a gardener at Kew, and now the intel- 
ligent superintendent of the Sikkim Cinchona plantations ; it 
flowered in a cool greenhouse in May of the present year. 

Descr. Tuber as large as a nut or walnut, with many 
fleshy fibres. Leaves usually two, sheathing the back of the 
scape, and surrounded by two or three appressed sheaths at 
the base, which, as well as the petioles, are blotched with 
dull purple ; petiole six to ten inches long, cylindric ; lamina 
six to twelve inches in diameter, orbicular in outline ; pedate ; 
leaflets eight to eighteen, distant, spreading horizontally and 
drooping, four to eight inches long, sessile or shortly petioled, 
lanceolate, acuminate or caudate at the tip, bright green, quite 
entire, membranous, obscurely three-nerved. Scape two to 
four feet high, terete, erect. Spathe erect, four to seven 
inches long; tube cylindric, green, obscurely striped with 
white, half the length of the whole spathe ; edges hardly 
overlapping ; blade elliptic, vaulted, arching forwards, with 
an acute, often erect tip, green inside, green or brown-purple 
outside. Spadicc one-third to twice as long as the spathe ; 
flowering portion included in the tube of the spathe ; naked 
portion exserted, cylindric, arching forwards and upwards, 
smooth, green, tapering from the flowering portion to the 
slender suberect tip. Stamens scattered, filament columnar ; 
anther capitate, three to four-lobed. Ovaries scattered, 
flaggon-shaped ; style very short, stigma papillose; ovules 
three to four, basal. Fruit a globose mass of fleshy red 
berries. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1 Reduced figure of whole plant; 2, leaf and portion of scape; 3, 
spathe ; 4, portion of spadix :— all of natural size; 5, anthers ; 6, stamen ; 
/, ovary; 8, vertical, and 9, transverse section of do. :— all magnified. 


If. Fit 

Vincent Brooks, Day &. Son, Imp. 

Tab. 5932. 

Native of Norfolk Island. 

Nat. Ord. Araliacejs. — Series Panaceje. 
Genus Meryta, ForsL ; {Benth. and Hoot /., Gen. Plant., vol. i. p. 933). 

Mervta latifolia ; foliis 1-3-pedalibus elongato-obovatis v. subpanduri- 
formibus basi angustata subcordata, petiolo crassissimo breviusculo, 
tbyrso florum hermaphroditorum terminali oblongo erecto, capitulis 
bracteatis compositis cylindraceo-oblongis secus racbim crassisshnam 
spicatis, floribus sessilibus flavia densissime confertis, calycis tubo 
oblongo utrinque truncato, limbo G-lobo reflexo, staminibus stylisque 
6, ovario 6-loculari. 

Meryta latifolia, Seemann in Bonplandia, 1862, p. 295; Flor. Viti, p. 119. 

Botryodendron latifolium, End/. Prodr. Flor. Ins. Norfolk., p. 62 ; Walp. 
Rep., vol. ii. p. 433. 

Aralia macropbylla, Cunningham, ex MSS. 

The noble foliage of this very curious plant renders it a 
conspicuous ornament in a stove large enough to show it off 
to advantage, where it should be placed so as to tower above 
the surrounding vegetation ; under which circumstances it 
rivals the Grias caulifora figured at Tab. 5622 of this work. 
It is a native of Norfolk Island, where it was discovered by 
F. Bauer during Flinders' voyage to Terra Australis, and by 
whom careful drawings were made on the spot, which are 
deposited in the Imperial Herbarium of Vienna, and from 
which Endlicher's description was drawn up. Since that 
period it has been collected by Allan Cunningham, during 
his visit to Norfolk Island, when superintendent of the 
Botanic Gardens of Sidney, and who sent living plants to 
the Eoyal Gardens, Kew, about thirty-five years ago. One of 

NOVEMBER 1ST, 1871. 

these is still flourishing, and flowered for the first time in 
the great Palm House in March, 1866. 

The genus Meryta is confined to the Pacific islands. It 
was discovered first by Gr. Forster, during Captain Cook's 
Second Voyage ; since which time two species have been 
found in Norfolk Island, one in the Isle of Pines (New 
Caledonia), and one in the islets off the east coast of New 
Zealand. (See Seemanns Flor. Viti, p. 119.) 

Descr. A tree, with a slender erect trunk, fifty to sixty 
feet high, branched at the top. Leaves two to three feet 
long, crowded at the ends of the branches, spreading, 
narrow-obovate or somewhat fiddle- shaped, acute or obtuse, 
base cordate, bright-green, coriaceous; petiole short, very 
stout. Flowers male, female, and hermaphrodite (according 
to Endlicher's description taken from Bauer's drawings) ; in 
our plant hermaphrodite, with imperfect anthers, most 
densely crowded into oblong compound heads which are two 
to three inches long, and formed of innumerable clusters of 
about six sessile flowers, seated on a thick erect green rachis ; 
bracts at the base of the heads one to one and a half inches 
long, ovate-lanceolate, with a dorsal tooth. Calyx nearly 
one-half inch long, oblong, subcylindric, truncate, girt with 
a low cupular bracteole at the base ; lobes or teeth six, 
triangular-ovate, acute, reflexed. Stamens six ; filaments very 
short; anthers ovate-oblong, imperfect. Styles six, stout, 
subulate, recurved, grooved and papillose along the inner 
face. Ovary six-celled. 

Fig. 1, Reduced figure of whole plant; 2 and 3, portions of leaf and (4) 
of inflorescence :— of the natural size. 5, flower ; 6, vertical, and 7, trans- 
verse section of the ovary : — all magnified. 


focent Brooks Day &Scmimp 

Tab. 5933. 
D1ASCIA Barbers. 

Native of South Africa. 

Nat. Ord. Scrophulaeiace^. — Tribe Hemimerideje. 
Genus Diascia, Link and Otto ; (Benth. in DC. Prodr., vol. x. p. 256). 

Diascta Barberce ; erecta, foliis petiolatis ovatis apice rotundatis crenato- 
serratis supremis sessilihus, racemo stricto erecto terminali glanduloso 
bracteato, fioribus majuseulis, bracteis late ovatis, calycis segmentis 
lineari-oblongis obtusis, corolla rosea, lobis rotundatis, supremis parvis, 
lateralibus majoribus, inferiori multo majore subangulato, calcaribus 
cylindricis decurvis obtusis corolla? lobis subsequilongis, filaruentis 
crassiusculis glandulosis, ovario glaberrimo. 

The pretty Cape genus Diascia, which, like Satyrium 
amongst Cape Orchids, is remarkable for its two spurs, com- 
prises some thirty species, of which but one had previously 
been figured from living specimens in Europe, and this in a 
German work. Most of them are inconspicuous-flowered 
plants, and little worthy of cultivation for their beauty. 
Hitherto nothing is known of the economy of their two- 
spurred flowers; the spurs are, no doubt, Jlled with nectar, and 
their function is to attract insects for the purpose of effecting 
cross-fertilization, towards which operation the curious ocel- 
lated green spot on the throat of the corolla may be expected 
to be further subservient. It is to be hoped that this curious 
subject will be taken up by some of the intelligent botanical 
observers of South Africa, who should watch the flower for 
the visits of insects, and carefully scrutinize the operations of 
these in their search for honey. 

The Royal Gardens are indebted to their highly-valued 

NOVEMBER 1ST, 1871. 

correspondent, Mrs. Barber, for seeds of this planb, which 
arrived in 1870, and flowered in July of the present year. 
As a species D. Barber a agrees best with the description of 
D. macrophylla, Benth. (of which I have seen no specimen), 
but it differs in being apparently perennial, stout habit, 
and glandular raceme and filaments. 

Descr. Boot perennial ? Stem ten to sixteen inches high, 
strict, erect, square, glabrous, green. Leaves one to one and a 
half inches long, petioled, ovate, rounded at the tip, obtusely 
serrate, suddenly narrowed into the rather stout petiole, gla- 
brous, bright green on both surfaces; upper leaves sessile, 
smaller ; petiole one-half to three-quarters of an inch long. 
Bacemes terminal, strict, erect, four to six inches long, many- 
flowered, simple, bracteate ; bracts one-sixth to a quarter of 
an inch long, ovate, obtuse ; pedicels slender, one-half to 
three-quarters of an inch long, glandular. Calyx a quarter of 
an inch in diameter, divided nearly to the base into five sub- 
equal linear-oblong obtuse or subacute segments. Corolla one- 
half to two-thirds of an inch in diameter, bright rose-pink 
with a small yellow spot on the throat between the bases of 
the two upper petals, which spot has two green dots in its 
centre ; two upper lobes small, suborbicular ; two lateral about 
twice as large, and nearly of the same shape ; lower lobe as 
large as all the others put together, obscurely four-angular ; 
spurs as large as the lower corolla lobe, diverging, cylindric, 
decurved, blue-purple towards their rather swollen tips. 
Stamens with short curved cylindric glandular filaments, and 
small oblong anther-cells. Ovary quite glabrous. — /. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Flower; 2 and 3, stamens; 4, ovary: — all magnified. 



W FLtch.del.etlith. 


Tab. 5934. 
prunus cerasifera. 

Native country unknown. 

Nat. Ord. Rosacej?.' — Tribe Peuke^e. 
Genus Prunus, Linn. ; (Benth. and Hook, f., Gen. PL, vol. i, p. 609). 

Prunus cerasifera ; ramis inermibus, ramulis glaberrimis, foliis elliptico- 
obovatis acutis serrulatis subtus glabris, floribus subsolitariis v. ia 
ramis abbreviatis fasciculatis pedunculatis, pedunculo glaberrimo, 
calycis lobis lanceolatis v. ovatis reflexis, petalis obovato-oblongis orbi- 
culatisve, drupis globosis basi intrusis rubris, carne flavo putamine 
ovoideo acuto adhasrenti. 

Prunus cerasifera, Ehrhart Beitrage, vol. iv. p. 17; Willd. Sp. PL, vol. ii. 
p. 997 ; Poiret, Diet., vol. v. p. 678 ; Persoon Synops., vol. ii. p. 35 ; 
Grenier et Godron, Flore de France, vol. i. p. 514 ; Koch, Dendrologia, 
vol. i. p. 97. 

Myrobalan, Duham. Arbr., vol. ii. p. Ill, t. 20, f. 15. 

Prunus Mirobalana, Loiseleur, Nouveau Duliamel, vol. iv. p. 184, t. 57, f. 1, 
et p. 198, t. 5. 

Prunus domestica, var. Myrobalana, Linn., Sp. PL, No. 680 ; Loudon, 
Arboret. Britt., vol. ii. p. 688, ii. and vi. tab. 93. 

The beautiful Cherry Plum, or " Myrobalan" Plum, the 
" Cerisette" of the French and " Kirschpflaume" of the 
Germans, fruits very rarely indeed in England ; ripe fruit 
was, however, sent to Sir W. J. Hooker, in July, 1864, 
which was drawn for the Botanical Magazine by Mr. Fitch, 
but unfortunately no note was attached to the drawing, either 
of the place where it grew or the person who communicated 
it. Under these circumstances, I procured, early in the 
present year, flowering specimens from the named collection 
in the Eoyal Horticultural Society's Gardens at Chiswick, 
which herewith accompany the figure of the fruit. It will 
be remarked however, that whilst the lower (fruiting) spe- 
cimen has solitary fruits, and consequently had solitary 
flowers in all probability, the flowers of the upper specimens 
are fascicled on abbreviated branches. All descriptions of 
Prunus cerasifera agree in attributing to it solitary or rarely 

NOVEMBER 1ST, 1871. 

gemmate flowers, but in Herbarium specimens communi- 
cated by Seringe, a very good authority, I find them fascicled 
as in our figure. Loiseleur, after Duhamel, also an excellent 
authority, describes the sepals as lanceolate, and petals oval- 
oblong, which also is not the case in the specimen figured. 
Lastly, in " Miller's Gardener's Dictionary," the Myrobalan 
is kept distinct from the Cerisette, and described as having a 
blue-purple fruit. 

The exact affinity of the Myrobalan plum is equally 
doubtful. Linnaeus referred it as a variety to the common 
Plum, P. domestica : from which it is readily distinguished 
by the glabrous peduncles, globose fruit intruded at the 
base, . acute almost beaked stone, and by its very early 
flowering. From the Bullace, P. insititia, it differs in its 
glabrous branchlets and leaves, and in the flowers appearing 
before the leaves. Loudon refers it to P. domestica, and 
further considers domestica to be a cultivated form of P. insi- 
titia, from which last he says the Myrobalan plum appears 
to him " to be the first remove." In his figure of the fruit 
the stone is represented as rounded at the summit, which is 
contrary to the character given by other authors and to our 
specimen. Lastly, Koch refers to it the beautiful P. divari- 
cata of Siberia, the most showy of the spring flowering 
plums, which, however, differs exceedingly in habit, in the 
leaves appearing much sooner after the flowers, and in the 
oblong yellow fruit, which is not intruded at the base. My 
own opinion is, that both P. cerasifera and domestica are cul- 
tivated states of P. insititia. 

The native country of the Myrobalan is unknown (except, 
indeed, we accept Koch's opinion, and refer it to P. divan* 
cata, which inhabits the Caucasian provinces) ; the earlier 
authors, down to Duhamel, ascribed it to North America, 
where, however, Pursh says that it is found only about 
houses, and all later ones mention it as to be seen only in 
European gardens. Cosson and Germain, in their " Flora of 
Paris," state that it is naturalized on the banks of the Seine, 
near the Park of Saint-Maur, but specimens from this locality 
in Gay's "Herbarium" are marked with a doubt, and 
appear to me to be referable to P. insititia, having a nearly 
orbicular stone, and leaves very pubescent beneath. 

The Myrobalan plum well deserves cultivation for its 
early flowering, though on this account it seldom fruits, 
being generally injured by the frost. The fruit is acid and 
flesh firm.—/. D. II 


Vincent Br oaks J)ay& Sorurcp. 

Tab. 5935. 

Native of New Zealand. 

Nat. Ord. Malvaceae. — Tribe Malve^e. 
Genus Plagianthus, Forst. ; (Benth. and Hook, f., Gen. PL, vol. i. p. 202). 

Plagianthus Lyallii ; arborea, ramulis floribus foliisque subtus stellato- 
pubescentibus, foliis ovato-cordatis acuminatis profunde duplicato- 
crenatis, floribus axillaribus panioulatis albis, pedunculis 1-floris 
ebracteolatis petiolos subaequantibus, calyce late campanulato, petalis 
oblique obovato-cuneatis, filamentis basi connatis, ovario sub 10-locu- 
lari-, stylis intus apicem versus stigmatosis, fructu spberico, carpellis 
membranaceis compressis exalatis. 

Plagianthus Lyallii, Hook. /., Handbook of the New Zealand Flora, p. 30. 

Hoheria Lyallii, Hook. /., Fl. Nov. Zel, vol. i. p. 31, t. 11. 

A beautiful small tree, native of the mountainous districts 
of New Zealand, at an elevation of 2000 to 4000 feet, where 
it was discovered by Dr. Lyall, E.N., naturalist to H.M.S. 
Acheron when on the coast survey of that island, under the 
command of Captain Stokes, E.N. Though unknown in 
the northern island, it appears to be very abundant m the 
middle one, and I have received specimens from all the 
provinces, from Nelson to Otago. It flowers in January, 
and from its copious flowering forms conspicuous white 
belts round the margins of the dark Beech forests. In 
autumn a°-ain it is no less conspicuous for the golden colour 
of its fading foliage, it being one of the few deciduous trees 
of the New Zealand forests. Not that it is altogether a 
deciduous tree either, for Dr. Haast informs me that trees 
growing in the Canterbury district above 3000 feet shed 

NOVEMBER 1ST, 1871. 

their leaves ; but that those growing below that elevation 
retain them ; a very singular fact, which I should be glad to 
have verified by observations in other provinces. 

Living plants of Plagianthis Lyallii were received at the 
Royal Gardens from Dr. Haast, and flowered in July of the 
present year. The flowers are subdimorphic, some having 
much shorter styles than others. 

Descr. A small branching tree, twenty to thirty feet high, 
with the young branches, inflorescence, petioles and leaves 
beneath more or less clothed with a fine white stellate pu- 
bescence. Leaves two to four inches long, ovate-cordate, 
acuminate, basal sinus open or closed, shallow or deep, margin 
deeply doubly-crenate, upper surface bright green, gla- 
brous, under pale or white ; petiole one to one and a half 
inches long. Flowers one to one and a quarter inches in 
diameter, numerous, drooping, in axillary fascicles of three to 
five, pure white with pink styles ; peduncles one to one 
and a half inches long, slender, ebracteate. Calyx one-third 
of an inch in diameter, broadly campanulate, 5-lobed, lobes 
triangular. Petals obliquely obovate, refuse on one side 
towards the apex, concave, spreading. Stamens very numerous, 
filaments slender, connate at the base, obscurely connected 
into five bundles ; anthers minute, yellow. Ovary broadly 
ovoid, about ten-celled, pubescent ; styles very slender, con- 
nate below the middle, filiform, shortly stigmatose on the 
inner face and tip. Fruit one-half to three-quarters of an 
inch in diameter, globose, about ten-furrowed, of as many 
much-flattened membranous carpels that are not winged. 
Seed much compressed. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Flower of the short styled form; 2, pistil; 3, fruit -.—all but 2 
of the natural size. 



VincentBrooks.Day & Son.Imp> 

Tab. 5936. 
MEGACLINIUM pubpuiutum. 

Native of Western Tropical Africa. 

Nat. Ord. Orchideje. — Tribe Denprobie^e. 
Genus Megaclinium, Lindl.; {Endl. Gen. Plant., 191). 

Megaclinium purpuratum ; pseudobulbo obtuse costato, foliis binis lineari- 
oblongis obtusis, rachi ensiformi cuspidato margine undulato curvato, 
bracteis late oblongis purpureo crebre conspersis marginibus flavo- 
viridibus, floribus pallide flavo-virescentibus purpureo conspersis, sepalia 
consimilibus late ovafcis aristato acuminatis recurvis, petalis falcato- 
linearibus, labello ovato obtuso recurvo marginibus infra medium 

Megaclinium purpuratum, Lindl. in Journ. Linn. Soc, vol. vi. p. 128. 

The singular genus Megaclinium, is apparently confined to 
tropical Africa, whence four described species are known to 
me: viz., the original M. falcatum, Lindl., introduced in 
1822, and figured in the Botanical Eegister (t. 989), M. 
maximum, Lindl. (Tab. nost. 4028) ; M. oxypterum, Lindl., 
with very acutely angled pseudo-bulbs, but which is in other 
respects so very near this, that I suspect they may prove to 
be varieties of one plant ; all these are from Sierra Leone. 
Besides these, Reichenbach, who with good reason refers the 
genus to a section of Bolbophyllum (in JFafpers Annates, 
vol. vi. p. 257), enumerates M. colubrinum, Echb. f. (native 
country unknown), M. velutinum, Lindl., from Cape Coast 
Castle, and M. Bufo, Lindl., from Sierra Leone ; to these 
must be added from the Hookerian Herbarium a small 
Natal species, M. Sander soni, (Oliv. mss.) ; and two Zambesi 
species, one {M. Melleri, Hk. f.), with loose spathaceous bracts 
on the scape, and (when dry) three to five winged pseudo-bulbs, 

NOVEMBER 1ST, 1871. 

found by the late Dr. Meller on roots and trees on the 
Manganja range of mountains (Zambesi river), and another 
also found on the same range, which is in too imperfect a 
state for description, making eight in all. 

M. purpuratum was described by Lindley from dried 
specimens collected in 1S54, by Barter, near Brass, at the 
mouth of the Nun river, when accompanying Baikie's Mger 
Expedition; the specimen here figured, flowered in the 
garden of T. B. Horsfall, Esq., MP., Bellamour Hall, Bugeley. 

Descr. BMzome as thick as a goose-quill, creeping, woody. 
Pseudo-bulbs sheathed at the base, one and a half to two and 
a half inches long, ovate-oblong, compressed, obtusely three 
to four ribbed, bright green, with two scarious basal sheaths. 
Leaves in pairs at the top of the pseudo-bulb, linear-oblong, 
obtuse, keeled, dark green. Scape five to nine inches long, 
stout, flexuous, pale green, streaked with purple; sheaths 
short, obtuse, closely appressed to the scape. Pachis includ- 
ing the connate bracts, flattened, four to six inches long, by 
three-quaiters to one inch broad, linear, much compressed, 
margin undulated, keeled down the middle in front ; gra- 
dually narrowed below into the scape; tip acute, with a 
stout mucro ; colour a pale dirty yellow-green, sprinkled with 
red-purple, except along the borders of the bracts. Flowers 
a quarter inch long ; buds acuminate. Sepals nearly equal, 
all broadly ovate, narrowed suddenly into long acuminate re- 
curved tails, streaked and speckled with purple. Petals rather 
shorter and much narrower, linear, acute, falcate, edged with 
purple. Lip ovate, obtuse, cordate at the base, recurved, 
mobile ; edges toothed from the base to the middle. Column 
short, wings triangular. — /. D. H, 

Fig. 1 Flower ; 2, front, and 3, lateral view of the same, with the sepals 
removed : — all magnified. 


. del etlith 


Tab. 5937. 


Native of Bombay. 

Nat. Ord. AmaryllidejE. — Tribe. Amarylle^e. 
Genus Crinum, Linn. ; {Herbert Amaryllid., p. 242). 

Crinum brachynema ; bulbo late ovoideo fere globoso, foliis erecto-recurvia 
latissime loriformibus obtusis concavis ecarinatis glaberrimis viridibus, 
umbella multiflora, pedunculis brevibus, bracteis filiformibus, ovario 
tenui, floribus precocibus odoris, perianthio albo, tubo gracili polli- 
cari, limbo late infundibulari, segmentis patulis elliptico-oblongia 
apiculatis, filamentis antheris linearibus flavis brevioribus, stylo fili- 
formi tubo multo breviore. 

Crinum brachynema, Herbert in Bot. Reg. 1842, Misc.,?. 36; Kuntk Enum., 
vol. v. p. 581. 

A native of Bombay, whence bulbs were sent to the Royal 
Gardens in 1870, by Mr. Woodrow, late of Kew, now of the 
Botanic Gardens, Poona, which flowered in May of the 
present year. It is remarkable that so tine and sweet-scented 
a plant from so well explored a country, should not have 
found a place either in Roxburgh's Flora Indica, or in Gibson 
and DalzelTs Bombay Flora ; and it shows how much still 
remains to be done in the long hunted field of British 

Except in the shorter pedicels of the flowers, and in 
the characters of the style, this plant agrees well with 
Herbert's description of C. brachynema, which was imported 
by the Messrs. Loddiges from Bombay, and flowered at 
Spofforth in 1842 ; but as the author of that species says 
nothing of the form or size of the leaf (no doubt from the fact 
that the leaves are produced long after the flowers) this 
identification must remain doubtful. The leaves of the 

DECEMBER 1ST, 1871. 

Kew plant were not developed till three months after the 
flowers. With regard to the style, which Herbert describes 
as purplish, with a shortly lobed white stigma, it differs 
from that of the plant here figured, though agreeing in the 
more important character of the remarkable shortness of that 
organ, which is perhaps imperfect. 

Descr. Bulb as large as the fist, nearly globose, crown 
short, conic, straw-coloured. Leaves produced long after the 
flowers, erect, then recurved, one and a half to two feet long, 
three to three and a half inches broad, linear-oblong, or very 
broadly strap-shaped, obtuse, concave, not furrowed keeled 
or margined, bright green, quite glabrous and smooth. 
Scape eight to twelve inches high, hardly compressed, 15- to 
20-flowered. Spathes green, reddish at the tips ; bracts 
subulate or filiform. Flowers subsessile, drooping, pure white, 
fragrant. Ovary half an inch long, slender. Feriant/i-tuhe 
one to one and a half inches long, curved, slender, white ; limb 
two and a half to three inches in diameter ; segments spread- 
ing, but not widely, equal, elliptic- oblong, apiculate, one and 
a half inch long, by three quarters of an inch broad. Stamens 
very shortly exserted ; anthers linear, yellow, one third of an 
inch long, twice as long as the subulate, white filaments. 
Style very slender, included; stigma shortly 3-lobed. — 

Fig. 1, Tube of perianth, ovary, and stamens : — magnified. 



W Fitch, del etHth 

Tab. 5938. 
SPH^RALCEA miniata. 

Native of La Plata. 

Nat. Ord, Malvaceae. — Tribe. Malvej;. 
Genus Spileralcea, St. Hil; (Benth. and Hook,, Gen. PL, vol. i. p. 204). 

Spjleralcea miniata ; fruticosa, tomentosa, foliis trilobis grosse insequaliter 
crenatis lobo intermedio productiore oblongo acuto lateralibus brevibus 
patentibus obtusis, stipulis subulatis persistentibus, petiolo lamina 
breviore, cymis axillaribus paucifloris, pedicellis calyce subsequilongis, 
bracteis setaceis, calycis 5-lobi lobis acutis, corolla ampla miniata. 

Sph^ralcea miniata, Spach, Hist. Nat. Veg., vol. iii. p. 352. 

Spimsroma miniatum, Garde in Bot. Zeit., 1853, p. 847; Walp. Ann., 
vol. iv. p. 301. 

Malva miniata, Cav. Ic, vol. iii. p. 40, t. 278 ; Jacq. Fragm., t. 132 ; 
DC. Prod., vol. vi. p. 434 ; Sweet, Brit. Fl. Gard., ser. 2, vol. ii. t. 
120 ; Willd., Sp. PL, vol. iii. p. 783 ; Ait. Ilort. Few., vol. iv. p. 214. 

The " Painted Mallow" of Hortus Kewensis was introduced 
into England in 1798 by the Marchioness of Bute, and was 
extensively grown at one time both as a greenhouse ornament 
and shrubby plant, being regarded, according to Sweet 
(writing in 1831), as of great importance to the decoration of 
shrubberies in the months of October and November, at 
which time it is profusely clothed with fine vermilion-coloured 
blossoms. It is added, however, that it is apt to be killed in 
severe winters if left without protection ; this, no doubt, has 
led to its disappearance from our borders, though why it 
should be neglected in the greenhouse does not appear. 

The native country of S. miniata was for many years 
unknown. Aiton (Hortus Kewensis) gives South America 
for its habitat. Cavanilles, who first figured and described 
it, did so from a plant which flowered in the Madrid 

DECEMBER 1ST, 1871. 

Botanic Garden in July 1795 ; whence, in all probability, the 
plant was introduced into Kew in 1798 by M. Thouin, 
from whom there is a dried specimen in Bentham's Her- 
baria (now at Kew). De Candolle and Sweet both say that 
the native country is unknown ; but there are plenty of wild 
specimens in the Kew Herbarium, gathered by Gillies near 
Mendoza, growing in uncultivated fields at an elevation of 
two thousand five hundred to three thousand feet ; as also by 
Tweedie, in the Argentine Bepublic, and by C. Darwin at 
Bahia Blanca. For its re-introduction we are indebted to 
our old correspondent, Brofessor Jameson, formerly of Quito, 
who after his removal to Chili sent seed from the neigh- 
bourhood of San Juan to his friend, Isaac Anderson 
Henry, Esq., F.L.S., who communicated the flowering speci- 
mens here figured in June of the present year. 

Descr. A branching undershrub two to four feet high, 
uniformly clothed with a soft white tomentum. Leaves one 
to two inches long, longer than the petioles, 3-lobed and 
coarsely unequally crenate-toothed ; mid-lobe longest, ovate 
or oblong, acute, lateral spreading, obtuse ; stipules subulate, 
persistent though withering. Flowers vermilion-red, one 
to one and a quarter inch in diameter, in axillary few- 
flowered cymose racemes ; peduncle and short pedicels 
slender; bracts beneath the calyx three, subulate. Calyx 
hemispherical, 5-lobed to the middle, lobes acute. Petals 
obcordate, claw purplish. ' Stamens with rather short fila- 
ments. Stigmas very numerous. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Ovary; 2, ventral section of a cell of do. : — both magnified. 


Pitch, del, etlrth 


Tab. 5939. 
gilia achilleiefolia. 

Native of California. 

Nat. Ord. Polemoniaceje. 
Genus Gilia, Ruiz and Pav. (A. Gray in Proc. Amer. Acad,, 1870, p. 261). 

Gilia achillecefolia ; erecta, caule glabriusculo ad nodos sublanato, foliis bi- 
tri-pinnatisectis segmentis anguste linearibus patenti-recurvis acunii- 
natis, cymis in globum longissime pedunculatum denaissime congestis, 
corolla calyce lanato unicolore longiore, calycis lobia triangularibua 
acutis tubo multo brevioribus. 

Gilia achilleaefolia, Benth, in Bot. Reg. svl. tab. 1662, et in DC. Prod., vol. 
ix. p. 811 ; A. Gray in Proc. Amer. Acad., June, 1870, p. 277. 

A native of California, where it was discovered by David 
Douglas in 1833, and where it has been since collected by 
many travellers and botanists. As a species it comes very 
near to A. capitata (Tab. nost. 2698), having the same 
Scabious-like ; habit but this is a much handsomer plant, with 
brighter blue flowers of a larger size, and collected into per- 
fectly spherical heads. These and their immediate allies are 
considered by Asa Gray, as together forming the type-section 
{Eugilia) of the genus, which he divides into twelve such sec- 
tions, including sixty-five species, of which all but two are 
natives of North America, West of the Rocky Mountains. 

G. acMllecefolia is a hardy annual, introduced by Messrs. 
Yeitch,of the Eoyal Exotic Nurseries, King's Road, Chelsea, to 
whom I am indebted for the fine specimens now figured, 
which flowered in August of the present year. It must not 
be confounded with the plant figured under the same name 
in Tab. 3440 of this work, as also in the Botanical Register 
(Tab. 108]), and Sweet's British Fl. Garden (iii. t. ISO), 
which is G. multicaulis, Benth., a totally different species. 

DECEMBER 1ST, 1871. 

Descr. A slender erect annual, with the habit of a 
Scabious, glabrous, or more or less pubescent, especially at 
the nodes, which are usually woolly. Leaves scattered, 
spreading, three to five inches long in garden specimens, 
often only one to two inches long in dwarf native ones, laxly 
2-3-pinnatisect, with spreading and recurved narrow-linear 
acuminate, or almost aristate lobes one-twelfth to one-eighth 
inch broad. Flower-heads one and a half inches diameter, 
globose, of a uniform fine cobalt blue, covered with large 
projecting stamens, formed of innumerable few-flowered, 
densely- packed cymes. Calyx woolly ; tube obvoid ; teeth five, 
triangular-acuminate, erect. Corolla-tube funnel-shaped, rather 
longer than the calyx ; limb half an inch diameter ; lobes five, 
oblong, obtuse, spreading. Filaments inserted at the mouth 
of the corolla, as long as its lobes, erect ; anthers oblong. 
Style slender, exserted ; stigmas three. — /. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Flower: — magnified. 



Ym. xnt -Br o oka J3 ay & SorUmp 

Tab. 5940. 
AGAVE Besseriana. 

Tropical America. 

Nat. Ord. Amaryllide;E. — Tribe. Agaves. 
Genus Agave, Linn, ; (Endl. Gen. Plant., p. 181). 

Agave Besseriana; subcaulescens, foliis 3-6-pollicaribus anguste elliptico- 
lanceolatia crassissimis rigidis rectis viridi-glaucescentibuB, supra 
lente subtus valde convexis, spina terminali valida elongata margina- 
libusque remotis uncinatis brunneis, vagina semilunari lamina latiore, 
bracteis parvis sparsis triangulari-ovatis acutis scapo valido multoties 
angustioribus inferioribus e basi lanceolata subulatis, floribus paucia 
racemosis erectis 2-pollicaribus viridibus, perianthii tubo subcylindrico 
lobis lingulatis erectis obtusis crassis longiore, antheris perianthii 
segmentis subaequilongis exsertis erectis aurantiacis, stigmate obscure 

Agave Besseriana, Jacobi in Hamburg Garten-und-Blumen-Zeitung, 1865, 
p. 155. 

The Botanical Magazine has no higher function than that 
of figuring such plants as are rarely known to flower in this 
country, and are so difficult of preservation for scientific 
purposes, or for future identification, that but for good 
coloured plates they can scarcely ever be recognised. This 
remark applies especially to Agaves, of which fifteen species 
have now been illustrated in this work, a very small pro- 
portion of the number supposed to exist in European 
collections. Of these upwards of one hundred are enumerated 
by Major General Jacobi's " Versuch zu einen systema- 
tischen Ordnung der Agaveen" (Ottos Hamburger Garten- 
und-Blumenzeitung, 1864), of which, however, comparatively 
few have been described from flowering specimens, and many 
may consequently prove to be mere forms. 

A. Besseriana flowered in spring of the present year, in the 
unique collection of W. Wilson Saunders, Esq., at Hillfield, 

DECEMBER 1ST, 1871. 

Keigate, who has kindly communicated his own drawings, 
notes, and analysis for insertion in the Magazine ; its native 
country is unknown, but probably Mexico. It was procured 
from Belgium uuder the name of A. Besseriana hysirix, and 
agrees with Jacobi's description in every detail. 

Descr. Stemless. Leaves thirty to forty in a dense rosette, 
five to six inches long, two thirds to three-quarters of an 
inch broad about the middle, narrowly elliptic-lanceolate, 
gradually contracted into a rigid brown spine an inch 
long, contracted at the base, and suddenly dilated into a 
broad semilunar sheath, upper surface slightly convex 
except towards the tip, under very convex ; colour pale 
glaucous-green; marginal spines one-twelfth to one-tenth of an 
inch, upcurved, distant, brown. Scape two feet three inches 
high, stout, stiff, sparsely bracteate ; lower bracts erect, one 
inch long, subulate from a lanceolate base, upper triangular, 
acute, small ; all much narrower at their base than the scape. 
Flowers about ten, two to two and half inches long excluding 
the large anthers, solitary or geminate ; peduncle half an inch 
long, with two or three minute bracteoles,and a triangular basal 
bract. Perianth-tube oue and a half inches long, terete, narrowly 
urceolate, 6-furrowed at the top, dark green ; lobes erect, 
half an inch long, narrowly tongue- shaded, obtuse, convex, con- 
tracted at their insertion ; green on both surfaces, tinged 
with brown towards the tips. Filaments yellow-green, subulate, 
erect, rather longer than the perianth-lobes ; anthers linear, 
rather shorter than the filaments, orange-yellow. — «/. D. H. 

Fig. 1. Whole plant: — reduced; 2, leaf and 3, inflorescence: — of the 
natural size. 


W J-Uoh deLetlrth 

Vincent Br oaks .Day A. Son, Imp 

Tab. 5941. 

Native of Southern Europe and N. Africa. 

Nat. Ord. Orchide.e. — Tribe. Opheyde^:. 
Genus Ophrys, Linn. {LindL, Gen. and Sp. Orch., p. 372). 

Ophets lutea ; foliis oblongis, sepalis ovato-oblongis obtusis viridibua incur- 
vis, petalis lineari-oblongis obtusis glabris, labello ambitu obtuse sub- 
quadrato convexo basi subcuneato 3-lobo lobis aureis planiusculis latis 
iutermedio 2-lobo lobulis rotundatis, lateralibus rotundatis, disco fusco- 
purpureo medio fascia violacea 2-cruri notato. 

Ophrys lutea, Cav.Ic.,vol. ii. p. 46, t. 160; LindL, Gen. & Sp. Orchid., 
p. 372 ; Sweet, Brit. Fl. Gard., vol. iii. t. 206 ; Hook., Exot. Fl., t. 10 ; 
Reich. PL Crit., t. 857; Ic. FL Germ., t. 446; Moggridge Contrib. 
Flor. Mentone, t. 46 ; O. insectifera, var. y Linn., Sp. PL, p. 949. 

Naturalists, no less than Horticulturists, must regret the 
withdrawal of that magnificent collection of European 
Orchidese from the grounds of H. R. H. the Comte de Paris at 
Twickenham, to which allusion has been made under tabs. 
5844 and 5712 of this work, and selections from which have 
been exhibited for several years past at the Horticultural 
Exhibitions of London. To this source we are indebted for 
the specimen of the singular Ophrys here figured, which, 
though it has been flowered at Kew and elsewhere in England, 
at various times, has nowhere else been brought to anything 
like the perfection that it attains at Twickenham. Not that 
the cultivation of the European tuberous orchids presents any 
real difficulty ; all that is wanted to ensure success being care 
and common sense. Sweet indeed, so long ago as 1827, said of 
this very species, " it succeeds well in a warm border by the 
side of a wall in a southern aspect ; the soil to be sandy 
loam, and if a little pounded chalk be mixed with it, all the 
better ;" he adds that worms are its chief enemy, which toss 

DECEMBER 1ST, 1871. 

the tubers above ground j for this the simple remedy is lime- 
water, which is otherwise advantageous to this class of plants. 

Op/irys lutea is a native of Southern Europe, extending 
from Portugal to Crete and Smyrna, and of the opposite 
shore of the Mediterranean from Marocco almost to Tunis ; 
it varies much in the breadth of the golden margin of the 
lip, which is sometimes reduced to a mere border, or al- 
together disappears, when the species becomes O.fasca, Tenore, 
as well illustrated in Mr. Moggridge's beautiful " Flora of 
Mentone" (tab. 46), where the question of the specific value of 
the characters of the genus Op/trys, is treated with scientific 
care, and illustrated with artistic skill, tending as it does to 
favour Linnams's sagacious conclusion, that all the European 
species are referable to one, his 0. insectifera. 

Descr. Leaves spreading, linear-oblong, obtuse or subacute, 
pale- green, one and a half to two and a half inches long. Scape 
four to seven inches tall, stout, many-flowered. Bracts erect, 
sheathing, oblong, subacute, appressed. Flowers three-quarters 
to one inch in diameter. Sepals equal, oblong, obtuse, 
incurved, green. Petals much smaller, linear-oblong, obtuse 
or truncate, yellow or yellow-green. Lip nearly quadrate, 
golden-yellow with a purple disk, and a contracted base, 
convex, three-lobed towards the tip; mid-lobe with two 
rounded lobules, lateral also rounded, rarely oblong; disk 
velvety, maroon -purple, with a forked polished blue or violet 
centre like that of 0. Speculum, but smaller ; the tip varies 
extremely in shape, lobing, and the disposition and extent of 
these coloured bands.—/. D. H. 

Figs. 1 , 2, and 3, spikes from different plants : — natural size ; 3, flower 
from fig. 1 : — magnified. 


W.Fttch., delebWi. 

Vmcant Bi ocksJ)aeirfcSoiii.In$ 

Tab. 5942. 

Native of Dahnatia. 

Nat. Ord. Boragine^. — Tribe. Lithosperme^. 
Genus Lithospermum, Linn. (A. DC. Prodr., vol. x. p. 73). 

T ITDO sperm DM petrceum ; fruticulus diffusua ramosus pilia brevissimis 
adpressis incanus, foliis lineari-oblongia linearibuave obtusis v. subacutia 
marginibna recurvia subtus incano-sericeis, racemia cymosis junioribua 
subcapitals, calycis aericei lobis Bubulato-Ianceolatis, corolla glabra 
tubo cylindrico calyce duplo longiore, lobia brevibus obtusis erectis, 
antheris exsertis, nuculia ovoideo-attenuatis brevissimis. 

Lithospermum petrseum, A. DC. Prodr., vol. x. p. 82 ; Regel Gartenjt. vol. 
iii. p. 104. 

L. rosmarinifolium, Reickb. Fl. Exctirs., vol. i. p. 337 (wore Tenore). 

EcmuM petrrcum, Trattenich ex Visiani Fl. DabnaL, p. 34 ; Host. PI. Aust., 
vol. i. p. 241 (excl. syn. Tourn.) ; Lindl, Bot. Reg., 1843, t. 26. 

A perennial hardy herbaceous rock-plant, native of 
Dalmatia, whence it was originally introduced into England 
by General Baron Von "VVelden, and flowered in a cool green- 
house of the Koyal Horticultural Gardens in April and May, 
1S45. There Dr. Lindley describes it as "the gayest little 
plant possible, with neat green leaves, stiff stems, and pale 
blue flowers, which are pink before they open." The figure 
in the Botanical Register represents a much broader-leaved 
plant than that here figured, which was grown in Mr. 
Backhouse's Nursery at York, and precisely accords with 
native specimens, in the Kew Herbarium, collected by Dr. 
Alexander Prior, F.L.S., near Ragusa, in 1843, and others 
from Professor Visiani, collected in 1832. Owing, no doubt, 
to its easily damping off, it had long disappeared from culti- 
vation in England, till re-introduced through those inde- 
fatigable horticulturists, the Messrs. Backhouse, to whom 

DECEMBER 1»T, 1871. 

I am indebted for the specimen figured here, which flowered 
in June, 1871. It would no doubt succeed under the same 
treatment as Cape Heaths, if provided with a stiffer soil, 
plenty of stones in the pot, and kept cool in winter. The 
English autumn and winter are probably far too damp to 
admit of its being cultivated out of doors with success. 

Descr. A small much branched undershrub, six to eight 
inches high, hoary with appressed short close-set hairs. 
Stem woody below, soon dividing into numerous stiff erect 
slender simple leafy branches. Leaves one to one and a half 
inches long, by one-twelfth to one-sixth inch broad, narrow- 
linear or linear-oblong, obtuse or subacute, green above, silkily 
hoary below, margins recurved. Flowers in simple, forked 
or branched short revolute terminal dense cymes, shortly 
pedicelled, one third of an inch long. Calyx 5 -partite, hoary, 
segments subulate-lanceolate. Corolla glabrous, deep violet- 
blue, pinkish-purple in bud, tubular ; tube twice as long as 
the calyx ; lobes short, erect, rounded. Stamens with large 
exserted anthers. Style very slender, exserted. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, flower; 2, ovary, style, and stigma: — magnified. 


To Vol. XVII. of the Third Series, or Vol. XCVII. of the 



5917 Abutilon Darwfnii 
5940 Agave Besseriana 

5893 ixtlioides 

5883 Amaryllis Rayneri 

5906 Androsace carnea, var. eximia 

5914 Arisaema concinnum 

5931 curvatum 

5880 Aristolochia Duchartrei 
5882 Asystasia violacea 
5900 Baptisia leucophoea 

5897 Begonia crinita 
5888 Beloperone ciliata 
5927 Bomarea chontalensis 

5898 Chlorocodon Whiteii 
5885 Cirsium Grahami 
5894 Costus Malortieanus 
5937 Crinuui brachynema 
5909 Curcuma albiflora 
5922 Cypripedium niveum 
5887 Cyrtanthera chrysostephana 

5920 Darlingtonia californica 
5918 Dendrobium barbatulum 
5933 Diascia Barbera? 

5908 Dorstenia Mannii 
5904 Drymoda picta 
5930 Echidnopsis cereiformis 
5902 Epidendrum evectum 

5929 pseudepidendrum 

5925 Episcia chontalensis 

5921 Eranthemum cinnabarinum, 

var. ocellatum 
5910 Eria extinctoria 
5907 Fuchsia sessilifolia 
5939 Gilia achiileaefolia 
5895 liniflora 


5884 Gladiolus dracocephalus 
5919 Grevillea intricata 

5915, ■ macrostylis 

5903 Haamanthus deformis 

5881 tenuiflorus, var. 

5926 Lithospermum Gastoni 

5942 petraeum 

5891 Massonia (astemma) odorata 

5936 Megaclinium purpnratum 

5932 Meryta latifolia 

5912 Milla capitata 

5901 Nerine pudica 

5896 Nothoscordum aureum 

5878 Oncidium tigrinum, var. splen- 

5941 Ophrys lutea 
5911 Passiflora cinnabarina 

5879 Paullinia tbalictrifolia 
5899 Philodendron Williamsii 
5935 Plagianthus Lyallii 
5886 Pogogyne Pouglasii 
5916 Primula japonica 

5934 Prunus cerasifera 

5905 Rhododendron sinense 

5913 Rhynchosia chrysocias ^ 

5889 Saxifraga (Aizoonia) longil'olia 
5924 Sedum glandulosum 

5938 Sphasralcea miniata 

5892 Tillandsia (Pityrophyllum) 

5923 Utricularia montana 
5928 Xiphion filifolium 

5890 junceum