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Full text of "Curtis's botanical magazine."

CURTIS'S 

BOTANICAL MAGAZINE, 



i»imiii i inn iii iii > 



COMPK1BIXG THE 

lllanta? of tfie 3&cgai tftartteng? of lUfo 

AXD 

OF OTHER BOTANICAL ESTABLISHMENTS IS GREAT BRITAIN; 
WITH SUITABLE DlSCETPTIOXS; 

BY 

JOSEPH DALTON HOOKER, M.D., C.B., E.R.S., L.S., &c. 

I\C.T,, OXON,, I-T-.p. CANTAB., COBBEBPOJJDBNt OF THE TX^TITTTE OF rSAKCB. 



VOL. XXVIII. 



a 



O F THE T H ! R D S E R I E S 
(Or TV. XCVIIT. of the Whole Wort.) 




' 



He spake of plants, divine aud strange. 
That every hour their blossoms change, 

Ten thousand lovely hues ! 
"With budding, fading, faded flowers, 
They stand, the wonder of the bowers, 

From morn to evening dew=. — V.'okdswobtu. 



LONDON : 
L. REEVE & CO.. :,. HENRIETTA STREET. COVENT GARDEN. 

1878. 



Mo. Bot. Garden, 



LONDON: 
aAVlLL, EOWAKDS AND CO., PRINTED, OHAHBOS SWUET, 
OOVEST GARDEN. 



TO 



JOHN HUTTON BALFOUB, M.D., F.B.S., 

PROFESSOR OF BOTA.NY IN THE UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH, ETC. 

My deaii Bawour, 

To no one is the dedication of a volume of the " Botani- 
cal Magazine " more prominently due than to yourself, whether as the 
distinguished head of the greatest botanical school in this kingdom, 
or as the Director of a Garden which has long been most eminent, 
both in a Botanical and a Horticultural point of view, and which has 
moreover contributed so much to the value and interest of this work. 

To these motives, let me add the uninterrupted friendship which I 
have enjoyed ever since we together commenced our botanical careers, 
now nearly forty years ago. 

Believe me ever, 

Very sincerely yours, 

JOS. D. HOOKErt. 

IvoYAti Gardens, KeW, 
Dec. 1st, 1872. 



594ly 




Vincent Brooks DayASouJiup 



Tab. 5943. 
MACROZAMIA corallipes. 

Native of New South Wales. 



Nat. Ord. Cycade.e. 
Genus Macrozamia, Miguel ; (Prod. Sy.st. Cycad., p. 8 & 18). 



Macrozamia corallipes; caule subaphserico, fobia suberectifl tort is rigidia 
Linearibua pinnatia, petiolo inermi compreaao, pinnia strictia distant 
tibua erecto-pateotibua anguete Lineari lanoeolatu acuminatia integer- 
rimis luride viric&bua in petiolalam brerem i»asi tamidum oorallinuta 
anguatatis, atrobilie glaucis, maaculo cylindraceo <> 8 pollicari, aquamia 
rhombeis basHaxibua mutioia mediia mucronatia raperioribua cal- 
care suberecto rigido ornatia, ])ollinis loculis globosifl perplorinufl 
superficem totatn inferiorera sqnamee cuneiformia tegentibus, atrobil 
femineo fructifero pedunculo breviore craaaiore late oroideo 4—5 poll. 
loogo, Bquamis podicellatia vertice incraaaato et dilatato V\ poIL lato, 
inferiorum in apioibua acutia, superiorum longe acuminatla, aummorum 
in calcar erectum productia, seminibus globoaia rubro-anrantiacia. 



It has rarely been the good fortune of the Editor of the 
Botanical Magazine, to be enabled to represent a new and 
remarkable Cycadeous plant in both flowering and fruiting 
condition ; such, however, is now the case, thanks to Mr. 
Bull, F.L.S., who imported the subject of the accompanying 
plate from New South Wales, and brought two specimens of 
it to such high condition that both male and female cones 
were produced during the present year, and within a few 
weeks of one another. Unfortunately the male cones ripened 
so long before the female were in good condition, that ferti- 
lization was not possible by these. Mr. Bull has, however, 
used the pollen of Macrozamia spiralis for this purpose, and 
fully formed seeds have been produced, but it remains to be 
seen whether these contain an embryo, or only albumen ; it 
being a well-known fact that Cycadea freely form, without 
fecundation, seeds which are to all appearance perfect, but 

JANUARY 1ST, 1872. 



which have no trace of embryo. The genus Macrozamia is 
confined to Australia, where it inhabits both the tropical 
and temperate zones, extending to the Swan River settlement 
in the extreme south-west of the continent. Six species are 
cultivated at Kew: M. spiralis, Frazeri, Preissii, Madeayi,Mac- 
donellii, and Paulo Guilielmi, to none of which does this bear 
any resemblance at all, nor does it coincide with the characters 
of the two other species, described in Miquel's monograph 
of the order: M. Per off % ana, and Oldfieldii. 

Descr. Trunk subspherical, with a truncate base, eight 
inches in diameter. Leaves six to teu inches, forming a very 
contracted crown, diverging below, then suberect, rigid, 
twisted and flexuous, linear, pinnate ; petiole deep green, 
smooth but not polished, reddish-brown towards the base, 
where it is slightly and bluntly 2-edged; pinnae about fifty 
pairs, opposite and alternate, five to seven inches long, 
one-third inch broad, very narrow linear-lanceolate, acute but 
hardly pungent, base contracted, nearly three-fourths of an 
inch apart in the middle of the rachis, closer above, more 
distant below, the lower not shorter but with a very few 
undeveloped ones forming short spinous processes on the 
petiole ; dark green but not shining above, pale, and 
8 to 10-nerved beneath ; petiolule bright red, rather swollen, 
not twisted, but obliquely inserted in the rachis by an 
oblong subdecurrent pulvinulus. Male cone on a stout 
smooth peduncle three inches long, glaucous-green, seven 
inches long by nearly two broad, narrow oblong ; scales 
cuneate, shortly pedicellate; terminal boss dilated, trans- 
versely rhomboid in front, with a similar central raised area, 
which bears a mucro on the lower scales, and an erect spine 
half an inch long on the upper scales j pollen-cells globose, 
covering the whole under-surface of the scale. Female cone 
also glaucous-green, on a very much stouter peduncle (one 
inch in diameter) than the male, broadly oblong, when in fruit 
four and a half inches long by three and a half broad, 
scales about sixty, suborbicular with a short stout pedicel ; 
terminal boss transversely oblong, one and a half inches 
across, tumid, with a prominent transverse central ridge 
that gives rise to a triangular mucro in the lower scales, and 
an erect spine in the upper. Seeds (perfect?) orange-red, 
subglobose, three-quarters of an inch in diameter, contiguous 
— J.D. H. 



Fig. 1, Male and female plants : — reduced ; 2, portion of leaf; 8, male, and 
4, female cones; 5 and 6, male scales; 7, pollen-cell ; 8, seeds on scale : — 
<>// but 7 of the natural &i& . 



5944-. 




"W. Fitch, del. et Mi 



Vincent Brooks.Dayi . 



Tab. 5944. 
gladiolus purpureo-atjratus. 

Native of Natal. 



Nat. Ord. IridetE. — Tribe, Gladiolej?. 
Genus Gladiolus, Linn. ; (Endl. Gen. Plant, p. 168). 



Gladiolus purpureo-auratus ; caule elato gracillimo, foliis scapo multoties 
brevioribus breviter ensiformibus acuminatis strictis erectis, scapo 
simplici v. diviso, racemo laxifloro inter flores nudo, floribus fere 
bifariis, bracteis lanceolatis tubo perianthii longioribus pallide viridibus, 
perianthii subhorizontalis tubo brevi, limbi gequali late campanulati 
segmentis late obovato-spathulatis apicibus recurvis obtuse acuminatis 
aureis, interioribus angustioribus, 2 anticis disco late purpurato, stigma- 
tibus lineari-spathulatis emarginato-2-fidis. 



The Natal Colony appears to be the head-quarters of the 
handsomer and more varied species of this fine genus ; only 
last year the contrast was pointed out between the lurid, 
snake-headed flowers of G. dracocephalus (Tab. nost. 5884), and 
the vivid colouring of G. Saundersii (Tab. nost. 5873) ; to these 
must be added the most gorgeous of its race, G. cruenfus (Tab. 
nost. 5810), and now, in the present plate, one of the most 
graceful and delicate, which is further remarkable for the pale 
golden-yellow of its flower, a very unusual colour in the 
genus. Mr. Baker, who has paid special attention to this 
genus, informs me that it is undescribed, and is not identifi- 
able with any species in the Herbarium at Kew, but that it is 
nearest to G. hir-sutus (Tab. nost. 574) and G. Gondavensi.*, 
Hort. ; the former of which is a hairy pink-flowered species, 
and the latter a yellow one. G. a ur antiacne, Klatt, another 
yellow flowered species, has a much longer perianth- tube. 

Gladiolus purpureo-auratus was imported from Natal by Mr. 
Bull of Chelsea, to whom I am indebted for the specimen 

JANUART 1ST, 1872. 



here figured, which flowered in his establishment in August 
of the present year. 

Descr. Quite glabrous. Stem very slender, with the 
scape three to four feet high. Leaves short for the size of the 
plant, six to nine inches long, by three-quarters of an inch 
broad, acuminate, dark green, stout, erect. Scape simple 
or divided, very slender, 10 to 15-flowered, terete, quite 
naked between the flowers, from the bracts not sheathing the 
internodes. Spike eight to nine inches long. Flowers almost 
bifarious ; bracts one to one and a half inch long, lanceolate, 
acuminate, exceeding the perianth-tube, pale green. Perianth- 
tube a quarter of an inch long, concealed by the bracts; 
limb broadly campanulate, one and a half inch in diameter, 
nearly regular, pale golden-yellow with a large purple 
irregularly elongated blotch which is broader at the apex, on 
the disk of the two lower segments ; outer segments broadly 
obovate, with slightly recurved subacute tips, inner narrower 
and more spathulate. Stigmas linear-spathulate, recurved, 
tips notched, almost 2-lobed. — J. D. II. 



Fig. 1, Entire plant: — reduced; 2, stamen; 3, stigma: — magnified. 




5945 









Tab. 5945. 

SENECIO (Kleinia) pteroneura. 

Native of Southern Marocco. 



Nat. Ord. CoMrosiT^E. — Tribe, Senecionide^e. 
Genus Kleinia, Linn. ; (De Candolle, Prod, Syst. Veg., vol. vi. p. 336). 



Senecio (Kleinia) pteroneura; glaberrima, glauca, caulibus suberectis fru- 
ticoso-carnosis laxe ramosis, ramulis erectis v. peDdulis elongatis |-£ 
poll, diametro carinis ternis ex quaqua folii cicatrice decurrentibus 
ornatis, foliis in ramulis novellis paucis parvis elliptico-oblongis acutis 
v. mucronatis, capitulis ad apices ramulorura 1-3 crassis pedunculatis 
erectis 3-4 poll, longis, involucro cylindraceo elongate basi bracteolis 
2-3 filiformibus acuto, squamis anguste linearibus ad apicem versus 
contiguis acuminatis, floribus ad 30 omnibus hermaphroditis patentibus, 
acheniis linearibus glaberrimis, pappo corolla breviore pilis tenuissimis, 
styli ramis apice breviter conicis. 

Kleinia pteroneura, De Cand. Prod., vol. vi. p. 338. 



The subject of the accompanying plate is an example of an 
essentially South African group, inhabiting northern Africa, 
and is further remarkable as forming a connecting link be- 
tween the vegetation of the three very remote geographical 
botanical districts of South Africa, the Canary Islands, and 
Arabia. In so far as I am aware, no Senecio of this habit has 
been found elsewhere in Northern, nor anywhere in Tropical 
Africa. Like many outlying species of genera with restricted 
limits, it departs a little from the characters of its immediate 
congeners; in this case in its remarkably odorous flowers, whose 
heliotrope-like scent is the chief merit the plant possesses as 
an object of cultivation to any but the lover of the curious. 

Senecio pteroneura is a native of rocky and sandy hills on 
the Maroccan coast near Mogador, where it forms a lax 
leafless shrub, that supports itself in thickets of Betama and 

JANUARY 1ST, 1872. 



other shrubs ; it was discovered there by Broussonet many 
years ago, but only introduced into England last spring, 
where it flowered in the Eoyal Gardens in the following 
November. 

The genus Kleinia, to which the species of Senecio with 
small conical tips to their style-arms have been hitherto 
referred, and which would have been a very natural one, 
could it have been made to include only the plants with the 
habit of S.pteroneura, has been abandoned by Mr. Bentham in 
his forthcoming revision of the order Composite for the 
Genera Plantarum. 

Descr. Quite smooth, glaucous, glabrous. Stems four to 
eight feet high, lax, suberect ; branches inarticulate, except 
at the ramifications, cylindric, pale green, half to three-quar- 
ters of an inch in diameter, nearly straight, obtuse, quite 
smooth except for the three longitudinal ridges that run down 
the surface from the small transversely oblong distant leaf- 
scars. Leaves only developed on the very young shoots, 
elliptic or lanceolate, acute or mucronate, green, nerveless, 
a quarter to three-quarters of an inch long. Heads solitary, or 
two or three at the tips of the branchlets, erect, cylindric, 
scarcely three-quarters of an inch long; contracted in the 
middle, with a few filiform bracts at the base; peduncles 
very stout, longer than the involucre, swollen upwards and 
gradually passing into the base of the involucre. Involucral 
scales twelve to fifteen, narrow-linear, convex at the back, 
so close placed as to appear connate by their margins 
nearly to the tips, which are scarcely recurved and acumi- 
nate, green, brownish-red about the middle. Beceptacle pitted. 
Flowers about thirty, pale straw-coloured, much longer than the 
involucre, all spreading. Corolla-tube narrow, slender; seg- 
ments very short, obtuse. Style-arms long, with conic tips. 
Pappus hairs very slender, white, much shorter than the corolla. 
Achene linear, smooth. — J. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Portion of involucre; 2, flower; 3, hair of pappus -.—all magnified. 




5946 



V. r .\7. Sanders del WRlck,4t 



"Vmcer.tErcoks Day* 



Tab. .5946. 

KNIPHOFIA CAULESCENS. 

Native of South Africa. 



Nat. Ord. Liliace^;. — Tribe, Aloinee. 
Genus Kniphofia, Marnch ; {Endl. Gen. Plant., p. 143). 



Kniphofia caulescens ; trunco erecto cylindraceo, foliis glaucis longissime 
subulato-ensiformibus ab ima basi ad apicem triquetrum sensim atte- 
imatis dorso alato-carinatis, marginibus et carina argute serrulatis, scapo 
bracteolis parvis sparsis subulatis, racemo brevi fusiformi acuto, peri- 
anthii recti ] ^-pollicaris lobis brevibus obtusis, filamentis longe ex- 
sertis subasqualibus, ovario obovoideo. 

Kniphofia caulescens, Baker mss. in Hort. Kew et Wilson Saunders. 



The accompanying figure is taken from a drawing made 
by my friend, W. Wilson Saunders, Esq., F.R.S., who 
flowered this fine species of Kniphofia in his garden at 
Eeigate, in June of the present year. It differs from all 
other species known to me, in the distinctly caulescent 
habit, in this respect approaching the arboreous Cape Aloes, 
amongst which Linnseus included the genus to which it 
belongs. From the well-known K. TJvaria this species further 
differs in its small size, very glaucous habit, short racemes, 
much smaller less curved flowers, longer more exserted 
subequal filaments, and obovoid ovary. 

JC. caulescens is a native of South Africa, where it was 
detected by Mr. Cooper, when collecting for Mr. W. Saun- 
ders in the Storm Bergen mountains, which bound the 
Albany district on the south, and border on British Caffraria; 
though a sufficiently striking species, it will never re- 
place the gorgeous K. TJvaria as an ornamental border-plant, 
even if it is as hardy, which is very doubtful ; as yet it has 
not been tried out of doors that I am aware of. 

JANUARY 1ST, 1872. 



A dozen species of this fine genus are known to me ; they 
are spread throughout Eastern and Southern Africa from 
Abyssinia to the Cape district ; severval of them are said to 
grow in swamps, which is however not likely to be the case 
with the caulescent species. Col. Grant found one (when 
with Capt. Speke) in Tropical Africa, which he describes as 
a great ornament to the swamps and having a powerful 
honied smell, too sweet to be agreeable. 

Descr. Trunk, in garden specimens six to ten inches high, 
as thick as the thumb in our specimen, with short fleshy 
roots. Leaves rather soft, very glaucous, spreading and re- 
curved, two feet long, two and a half inches to two and three- 
quarters broad at the base, from which they are gradually 
narrowed to the fine triquetrous tip ; keel acute, winged 
in the later produced leaves, margin and keel serrulate ; 
veins about fifty, obscure ; upper surface concave. Scape six 
to ten inches high, stout, erect, green, with many scattered 
subulate bracts. Raceme five to seven inches long, stout, 
spindle-shaped, .F/cwmr pendulous, very dense and numerous, 
concealing the small subulate bracts ; pedicels one quarter inch 
long. Perianth nearly one inch long, straight, nearly equal, 
base rounded, deep blood-red when young, yellow after ex- 
pansion ; lobes small, obtuse. Stamens more than half as 
long again as the perianth, straight, nearly equal ; anthers 
small, yellow. Ovary ovoid. — /. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Whole plant : — reduced ; 2 and 3, base and tip of leaf ; 4, top of scape 
and raceme : — of the natural size ; 5, flower ; 6, ovary : — both magnified. 



W4-7 




Tab. 5947. 
salvia rubescens. 

Native of New Grenada. 



Nat. Ord. Labiate. — Tribe, Monarde,e. 
Genus Salvia, Linn. ; {Benth. in DC. Prod., vol. xii. p. 262). 



Salvia (Calosphace) rubescens; erecta, fruticoaa, canescens, foliis petiolatis 
ovatis ovato-cordatisve acutis v. acuminatis crenatis subtus nervisque 
supra canis, spicis pyramidatim paniculatis glanduloso-pubescentibus 
glutinosis, verticillastris 4-8 floris distantibus, calycis purpurei labio 
superiore late ovato subacuto, inferiore 2-fido, laciniis acuminatis, 
corolla coccinea calyce duplo longiore glaberrima. 

Salvia rubescens, Humb., Bonpl. and Ku nth, Nov. Gen. et Sp., vol. ii. p. 301, 
t. 154. Benth. in DC. Prod., vol. xii. p. 345. 

S. boliviana, Planch, in Flare des Serres, t. 1148. 



A beautiful Andean Sage, belonging to the great group of 
Calosphace, which comprises most of the species of that im- 
mense European and American genus. It is a native of New- 
Grenada, and was introduced into Europe first by M. Von 
Warscewicz, who sent seeds from Bolivia to M. Van Houtte, 
which flowered at Ghent in 1856, and from which the 
drawing cited above was published as S. boliviana. More 
recently Mr. Anderson Henry received seeds from Prof. Jame- 
son of Quito, and raised plants, one of which being sent to 
the Eoyal Gardens, flowered in 1862, and is here figured. 

Descr. A tall branched shrub, with herbaceous branches, 
more or less clothed with a pale hoary pubescence, most 
conspicuous when dry. Stems four-angled, with concave laces, 
angles obtuse. Leaves very variable in size, four to ten 
inches long, three to five inches broad, long-petioled, ovate- 
cordate, crenate, acute or acuminate, puberulous on the upper 

JANUARY 1ST, 1872. 



surface, hoary beneath ; veins very numerous, especially 
towards the base of the leaf, hoary on the upper surface 5 
petiole two to five inches long. Panicle a foot or more long, 
pyramidal, leafless, ebracteate, densely studded with glan- 
dular viscid hairs ; branches ascending ; whorls rather distant, 
4 to 8-flowered, pedicels one quarter to half inch long. Flowers 
horizontal or ascending, one inch long. Calyx obliquely 
campanulate, densely glandular-hairy, purple-brown; upper 
lip short, broad, acute or mucronate, refiexed ; lower de- 
curved, longer, with two subulate segments. Corolla twice 
as long as the calyx, perfectly glabrous, scarlet, tube slightly 
ascending, of nearly equal diameter throughout, one-fifth inch 
wide; upper lip short, elliptic, straight, convex ; lower deflexed, 
with two short rounded lateral lobes, and a broad orbicular 
crenate emarginate deflexed midlobe. Anther elliptic-oblong, 
connective very long, flattened, slightly curved, ciliate-along 
the outer edge. Bisk unilateral, very large, ovate-oblong, 
obtuse. Style slender, hairy above ; segments short, acute. 
— /. D. II 



Fig. 1, Lateral, 2, front view of flower ; 3, anther; 4, ovary, disk and 
style : — all magnified. 




Vm cent Brooks Di 



Tab. 5948. 
PHILODENDRON rubro-punctatum. 

Native of Brazil. 



Nat. Ord. Aroide^e. — Tribe, Philodendre^e. 
Genus Philodendron ; (Schott. Prod. Syst. Aroid., p. 219). 



Philodekdron (Polytomium) rubro-punctatum ; acaulis, foliis numerosis 
petiolo 2-3 pedali costa longiore dorso cylindrico facie angusto an- 
gulis obtusis, lamina 2-pedali ambitu ex ovato-cordato sagittata sinu 
angusto fere clauso ad medium pinnatifida, lobis consimilibus curvis 
approximatis obtusis terminali brevi acuto, lobis in auriculis posticis 
5-6 infimis brevioribus, costa in sinu nuda, pedunculis brevissimis, 
spatha 5-6 pollicari, tubo obovoideo ex albo virescente lamina, oblongo- 
cymbiformi cuspidata alba punctis sanguineis remotis conspersa, 
spadicis parte fceminea 3 -pollicari basi postice spathse adnata, masculo 
duplo longiore pallide sulphureo, ovariis albis 5-locularibus loculis 
multi-ovulatis, stigmate 5-lobo lobis hemisphericis, antheris brevibus. 



No task of its kind is more difficult than that of naming 
tropical Aroids ; they are very numerous, belong to a great 
many genera, not all of them readily distinguishable without 
complete materials, and no private establishment can afford 
the means of cultivating plants occupying so great a space, 
and requiring so much heat. Collections of Aroids are hence 
pretty nearly confined to Royal Establishments and Botanic 
Gardens. When grouped as they are in the Aroid House at 
Kew, they serve more than perhaps any other family of the 
vegetable kingdom, to convey some just idea of the rich 
luxuriance, strange and varied forms, deep hues,and glossyever- 
green character of a tropical jungle. Second only to Kew is, (and 
has been from the days of its late Director, Dr. Schott) the 
magnificent Aroid Houses of the Imperial Palace of Schoen- 
brunn near Vienna, whence, indeed, Kew derived many of 
its treasures. Upwards of one hundred and thirty species of 
Philodendron are described in Schott's " Monograph of Aroidea)," 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1872. 



many of them indeed imperfectly, but all differing so materially 
from this, that I have no hesitation in describing it as new ; 
it is further one of the few stemless species, and is con- 
spicuous for the sprinkling of blood-coloured spots on the 
spathe. It flowered in May, 1871, and was, we believe, sent 
from the Blumenau Gardens in South Brazil by Victor 
Gsertner, in 1868. 

Descr. Stem none, or a short stock, clothed with brown 
fibrous sheaths that embrace the bases of the petioles. Petiole 
two and a half to three feet long, swollen at the base, 
cylindric except for about a quarter of the circumference, 
which is concave, with obtuse, raised edges. Blade of the 
leaf two feet long, broadly sagittate-ovate, bright-green and 
glossy, pinnatifid half-way to the middle ; lobes regular, 
upcurved, linear, obtuse, rather broader than the obtuse 
intervening sinus ; auricles (or posterior lobes) about one 
quarter as long as the blade, approximate or touching, with 
a narrow obtuse included sinus, the nerve marginal on the 
sinus, outer side cut like the rest of the blade into four or 
five lobes ; costae of the lobes very strong, rounded ; nerves 
slender, oblique, anastomosing within the margin. Spat/ies 
crowded, almost sessile, five to six inches long, white sprinkled 
with blood-red ; tube greenish, rather narrowly obovoid, one 
and a half to one and three-quarters of an inch in diameter ; 
blade longer, oblong, boat-shaped, abruptly acuminate, margins 
hardly reflexed. Spadix as long as the spathe, female portion 
three inches long, conical, three-quarters of an inch in diameter 
at the base, which is obliquely adnate to the spathe ; male 
portion about twice as long, obtuse, pale dirty yellow. Anthers 
sessile. Ovary broadly turbinate, 5-celled ; stigma of five 
sessile lobes ; ovules many in each cell. — /. I). II. 



Fig. 1, Reduced figure of entire plant ; 2, spathe; 3, spadix: both of the 
natural size ; 4, ovary; 5, vertical, and 6, transverse section of the same; 7, 
imperfect stamens from above the ovaries ; 8, perfect stamens : — all mag- 
nified. 



'949 







VtueentRicoks 1)ty&Sxmlnfy 



Tab. 5949. 

TRICHOPILIA HYMENANTHA. 

Native of New Grenada. 



Nat. Ord. OECHiDEiE. — Tribe, Vandeje. 
Genus Trichopilia, Lindl. ; (Reichb.f. in Walp. Ann. vol. vi. p. G79). 



Trichopilia hymenantha ; rliizomate brevi ; folio recurvo crasse coriaceo 
6-8-pollicari elongato-ensiformi acuminata, utrinque angustato basi 
tereti dorso convexo, facie canaliculato, racemo gracili brevi laxe 
6-8-flore, floribu3 albis, sepalis petalisque lanceolatis subtortis, labello 
sessili sanguineo-consperso late elliptico acuminato planiusculo, mar- 
ginibus erosis, basi utrinque 2-calloso, columna apice galeata, galeae 
marginibus limbriatis. 

Trichopilia hymenantha, Reichb. f. in Bonplandia, vol. ii. p. 90 ; Xen. 
Orchid, p. 17, t. vii. f. 1—11 ; Walp. Ann. vol. vi. p. 679. 



Nearly a dozen species of the genus Trichopilia have been 
described by Eeichenbach f. in Walper's Repertorium, all of 
them natives of Equatorial America, and limited to the area 
comprised between Mexico, Caraccas, and Peru, where they in- 
habit humid forests at moderate elevations ; the species vary 
a good deal in habit, and in the form of the leaf, but are 
otherwise pretty well characterized by the celebrated Orchido- 
logist above mentioned. T. hymenantha is perhaps the 
most delicate in the colour and texture of the flowers of any 
species of the genus ; it was first described in 1854 from the 
celebrated collection of Consul Schiller at Hamburgh, and 
has since then been cultivated in several collections. The 
drawing here given is from a beautiful specimen communi- 
cated by Messrs. Veitch. 

Descr. Mootstock short. Leaves tufted, six to eight inches 
long, recurved, narrowly sword-shaped, one fourth to one 
third of an inch in diameter, gradually narrowed to the 
acuminate tip, terete at the base, thickly coriaceous, back 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1872. 



very convex smooth, face channelled, the sinus acute at the 
base {i.e., at the midrib) pale-green on both surfaces ; basal 
sheaths tight, brown, scarious, acute. Baceme three to four 
inches long, almost sessile, 6-8-flowered, slender, drooping; 
bracts short, ovate, acute. Flowers subsessile, nearly one and 
a half inches in diameter. Ovary slender. Sepals and petals 
nearly equal and similar, lanceolate, acuminate, slightly 
twisted, white. Zip sessile, broadly elliptic, abruptly acumi- 
nate, nearly flat, membranous, margins erose, white speckled 
with blood- red ; base with two short small conniving ridges, 
and an obscure depression in front of them. Column white, 
slightly bent backwards from about the middle, abruptly 
terminated by a broad open obtusely trapeziform hood with 
fimbriate margins ; angles below the hood with a short 
subulate recurved appendage on each side. Anthers small, 
sunk in the hood. — /. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Side, and 2, front view of column ; 3, lip : — all magnified. 



5950 







Tab. 5950. 
styrax serrulatum. 

Native of India and Japan. 

Nat. Ord. Styracace^e. — Tribe, Styraceje. 
Genus Styrax, Tourn. ; (A [ph. DC. Prod. vol. viii. p. 259). 



Styrax serrulatum ; ramulis gracilibus glabris v. puberulis, foliis ellipticis 
v. elliptico-lanceolatis v. late et subtrapeziformi ovatis regulariter v. 
irregulariter serratis interdum uno latere sinuato-lobatis acutis acumi- 
natis v. obtusis in petiolum angustatis, utrinque glabris v. costa 
sxiperne puberula, cymis 3-6-floris terminalibus nutantibus, floribus 
gracile pedunculatis, calyce hemispherieo-turbinato v. campanulato 
demum glabro obscure 5-dentato, petalis canis. 

Styrax serrulata, Roxb. Flora Indica, vol. ii. p. 415 ; Wall. Cat. n. 4402 ; 
Alph. DC. I.e. 267. 

S. japonicum, Sieb. and Zucc. Fl. Jap. vol. i. p. 53, t. 23; Alph. DC. I.e. 
p. 266 ; Regel Garten Flora, vol. xvii. t. 583. 



A bush or small tree, common in Southern Japan, where it 
is much cultivated on account of its ornamental appearance, 
both in gardens and by roadsides. It was also found in the 
straits of Corea by "Wilford when collecting for the Itoyal 
Gardens in 1859, and in the Loo-Choo Islands by the United 
States North Pacific Exploring Expedition in 1854, and is 
abundant in Eastern Bengal, from the Himalayas, the 
Khasia Mountains, Chittagoncr, &c. to Penang. It is curious 
that so well-known and widely diffused a plant should not 
have been described in Thunberg's " Flora of Japan," or in the 
earlier work of Ka?mpfer. Siebold gives its native name as 
Tsisjano-ki, and Oldham, who introduced the plant into Kew, 
as Naats-gi. 

The young shoots of this and other species of Styrax are 
much infested by a gall-producing insect, that transforms the 
young leaves into incurved club-shaped bodies covered with 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1872. 



stellate down, and which form rosettes on the branches of a- 
singular appearance. The same occurs on Himalayan and 
Khasian specimens, which bear another gall that is branched 
like a stag's horn, and resembles somewhat that which occurs 
on the Himalayan Rhus, and is imported and used in tanning. 
The plant from which the accompanying drawing was 
taken, flowered in the Temperate House of the Royal Gardens 
in June, 1871. 

Descr. A large shrub or small spreading tree ; branches 
slender, drooping, glabrous, the youngest sprinkled with 
minute stellate down, as are the young leaves and calyces. 
Leaves very variable in size and form, one and a half to 
three inches long, usually elliptic or elliptic-lanceolate, some- 
times much broader and trapezi form -ovate, or almost 
rounded, acute or acuminate, rarely obtuse or rounded at 
the tip, base narrowed into the short slender petiole ; margins 
usually regularly acutely glandular-serrate, sometimes ob- 
tusely lobed on one side ; surfaces quite glabrous ; nerves 
strong beneath; petiole one-third to one-half inch long. 
Flowers three-quarters to one inch in diameter, in terminal 
few (3-6)-flowered cymes, rarely solitary and axillary; cymes 
equalling or exceeding the leaves, drooping ; peduncles and 
pedicels slender. Calygc-tube turbinate or campanulate, 
green, with five obscure lobes or teeth. Petals white, elliptic, 
obtuse or acute, densely stellately pubescent outside. Stamens 
with rather slender filaments and long linear anthers, 
minutely pubescent. Style slender. Fruit one-third to one- 
half inch in diameter, globose, subtended by the brown 
membranous remains of the calyx, hoary. Seeds pale-brown. 
— J.D. H. J l 



Fig. 1, Corolla laid open ; 2, stamens ; 3, pistils :— all magnified; 4, ripe 
fruit : — of the natural size. 



5951 




isDaytSonl 



Tab. 5951. 
APHELANDRA sulphurea. 

Native of Guayaquil. 



Nat. Ord. Acanthace.e. — Tribe, Aphelandre^e. 
Genus Aphelandra, R. Br. ; (Nees in DC. Prod., vol. xi. p. 295). 



Aphelandra sulphurea ; caule teretiusculo, foliis breviter crasse petiolatis 
late ellipticis abrupte acuminatis, costa crassa, nervis validis superne 
lsete viridibus subtus pallidioribus spica, sessili amentiformi elongate 
stricto angusto cylindrico glaberrimo, bracteis pollicaribus arete imbri- 
catis ovato-lanceolatis acuti3 venosis apices sphacelatas versus pauci- 
serratis viridibus, bracteolis parvis ovato-subulatis calycis lobis anguste 
oblongo-lanceolatis acuminatis i brevioribus, corolla? aureo-sulphureae 
tubo curvo, labio superiore stricto angusto convoluto, inferiore amplo 
3-partito, lobis lateralibus elliptico-lanceolatis subacutis, intermedio 
majore et latiore. 



This is the second species of Aphelandra which has been 
introduced within the last few years by the Messrs. Veitch, 
from Guayaquil, the other being the far more showy A. 
nitens, figured at Tab. 5741 of this work. As a species, 
the present is more nearly allied to A. aurantiaca, Lindl. 
(Tab. nost. 4224), which differs in the orange-red flowers, 
narrower lateral lobes of the lower lip, and long bracteoles 
nearly equalling the calyx. 

The Aphelandras, like other Acanthacea, are plants of easy 
cultivation with those who will pay ordinary attention to 
the requirements of their class, by giving them a proper rest, 
while their neat habit, showy colours, and protracted period 
of flowering render them admirably adapted for the shelf of 
a hothouse. As it is, of the ten or twelve species that have 
been introduced into England, few survive in cultivation, 
chiefly owing to the indiscriminate use of the watering-pot. 

Descr. A perfectly glabrous, bright-green, erect, her- 
baceous plant. Stem stout, terete, sparingly branched. Leaves 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1872. 



six to nine inches long, on short stout petioles, broadly- 
elliptic or elliptic-ovate, abruptly acuminate, convex, bright- 
green and glossy above, much paler beneath ; midrib stout, 
pale above ; nerves strong, much arched ; petiole one-half to 
three-quarters of an inch long. Spike five to eight inches 
long, about three quarters of an inch in diameter, strict, 
erect, sessile, cylindric, embraced at the base by two very 
small sessile-appressed leaves, which are shorter than the 
bracts. Bracts closely imbricate, nearly one inch long, elliptic- 
lanceolate, acuminate, much-veined, green with a brown 
tip, ciliolate, 2-3-toothed on each side towards the tip, not 
keeled. Bracteoles subulate-lanceolate, equalling one-quar- 
ter of the calyx. Calyx concealed by the bract ; segments 
linear-lanceolate, acuminate, puberulous. Corolla dark or 
golden sulphur-coloured, tube protruding half an inch beyond 
the bract, curved ; limb one and a quarter inch across ; 
upper lip erect, narrow, convolute ; lower with three seg- 
ments of nearly equal length ; the lateral spreading, elliptic- 
lanceolate, subacute; the middle one-third larger, broader, 
obtuse, with a small orange-red spot at the base. — /. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Bract; 2, braeteoles, sepals, and style : — all magnified. 



5952 











W.fit 



Vtncent.BiooisBay4.San.fenp 



Tab. 5952. 
^ETHIONEMA coridifolium. 

Native of Asia Minor and Lebanon. 



Nat. Ord. Crucifer^e. — Tribe, Lepidine^;. 
Genus ^Ethionema, E. Br.; (Benlh. and Hook. Gen. Plant., vol. i. p. 88). 



vEthionema coridifolium ; multicaule, caulibus brevibus aimplicibus cras- 
siusculis, foliis crebris linearibus v. lineari-oblongis obtusis carnosulis 
glaucis, racemis densifloris, floribus lilacinis, petalis spathulatis limbo 
orbiculato emarginato v. bilobo, ailiculis obovato-oblongis basi retusis 
apice emarginatis, alis angustis modice inflexis integris v. obscure 
dentatis, stylo sinu angusto multo breviore. 

-ZEthionema coridifolium, DC. Syst, vol. ii. p. 561 ; Prod., vol. i.p. 209; Deless. 
Ic. Select., vol. ii. t. 76 (silicula excepta); Boiss. Fl. Orient, vol. i. p. 347. 

Lepidium Ieiocarpum, DC. Syst., vol. ii. p. 563. 

Iberis jucunda, Schott et Kotschy mss. 



The similarity of this plant to the Iberidella rotundifolia, 
figured at Tab. 5749 of this work, is very manifest, and is a 
strong argument for reducing the genus Iberidella to JEthio- 
nema, as has indeed been done of late by M. Boissier, in his 
" Flora Orientalis ;" the difference between them lies chiefly 
in the capsule, which is broadly winged in jEthionema, and 
scarcely winged in Iberidella. 

jE. coridifolium is a native of rocky mountains in the East, 
having been originally found by Labillardiere upon Mount 
Lebanon, where it has subsequently been gathered, between 
the village of Eden and the famous cedar grove, by Boissier ; 
it has also been found in the Cilician Taurus by Kotschy, who 
probably introduced it into the Botanic Garden of Vienna, 
whence it was sent by M. Maly to Messrs. Backhouse, with 
whom the specimen here figured flowered in May, 1871. It 
is a most charming hardy perennial, well suited for rockwork, 
and more likely to sufier from the damp than the cold of 

FEBRUARY 1st, 1872. 



our climate. Regel says that it forms an excellent and very 
beautiful border-plant, and is easily propagated from seeds, 
as indeed is the case with the specimen now at Kew, which 
seeded freely last autumn. 

Descr. Quite glabrous throughout. Moot-stock branching, 
perennial. Stems many, ascending, three to six inches long, 
leafy. Leaves pale green, glaucous, spreading, linear or 
linear-oblong, rather broader upwards, sessile, acute, or 
obtuse, two-thirds to three-quarters of an inch long, by one- 
eighth to one-sixth of an inch broad, nerveless, quite entire. 
Flowers in a very dense short oblong round-topped cylindric 
raceme, which is one to one and a half inches long, and three 
quarters of an inch broad, pale rose-pink in colour ; pedicels 
short, quite concealed. Sepals linear-oblong, obtuse, erect. 
Corolla quite equal and regular, one-fourth to one-third of an 
inch broad ; petals very broadly spathulate ; blade rounded 
or broader than long, notched or 2-lobed. Filaments of the 
larger stamens nearly equal throughout their length in our 
plant (dilated below the middle, and not toothed according 
to Boissier, — with a small tooth according to De Candolle) ; 
anthers short, yellow. Capsule obovate-oblong, concave, 
notched at both ends j wing narrow, quite entire ; style not 
exceeding the notch. — /. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Front, and 2, side view of flower ; 3, petals ; 4, stamens and ovary ; 
5, ovary ; — all magnified. 







W. Pitch : 



Afincenl 



Tab. 5953. 
STYLIDIUM SPATHULATUM. 

Native of King George s Sound. 



Nat. Ord. SxYLiDiKiE. 
Genus Stylidjum, Swartz ; (Benth. Flor. Austral., vol. iv. p. 1). 



Stylidium spathulatum ; foliis radicalibus petiolatis dense rosulatis obovato- 
v. elliptico-spathulatis obtusis acutisve integerrimis pubescentibus v. 
glanduloso-pilosis enerviis, scapis gracilibus erectis glabratis, squamis 
paucis subulatis, racemo simplici erecto laxifloro, pedicellis gracilibus 
2-bracteolatis, calycis tubo subclavato, lobis liberis ovato-lanceolatis, 
corolla? pallide stramineae segmentis 4 lineari-oblongis apice rotundatis 
basi aurantiacis quinto minuto subulato recurvo, capsula obovoideo- 
oblonga. 

Stylidium spathulatum, Br. Prod., p. 569 ; DC. Prod., vol. vii. p. 33 ; Benth. 
Fl. Austral., vol. iv. p. 17. 

S. bellidifolium, Sonder in Plant. Preiss., vol. i. p. 376. 



Comparatively very few species of the most curious genus 
Stylidium have been cultivated in England, though it is one 
of the largest in Australia, numbering in Bentham's Flora 
of that continent, eighty-three species ; of these many are 
very beautiful plants, and all remarkable for the irritability 
of the column of the style and stamens, which remains curved 
down from the perianth till touched at the bend, when it 
springs up with elastic force, scattering the pollen; an 
arrangement doubtless intended to secure cross-impregnation, 
by causing the insects which may visit one flower to carry 
its pollen to another. Altogether some twenty species have 
been in cultivation at one time and another, of which ten 
have been figured in this work, but I very much doubt 
whether more than three or four could now be mustered in 
the United Kingdom, so little interest is shown by horticul- 
turists in any but showy plants. 

FEBKUAKV 1ST, 1872. 



S. spatkulatum is a native of South-western Australia, 
which is the head-quarters of the genus, and was raised at 
Kew from seeds sent home by Mr. Maxwell, a well-known 
horticulturist in that colony, and valued correspondent of 
the Eoyal Gardens. 

Descr. Rootstoch short, with many tufted fibres, pro- 
ducing a solitary rosette, rarely proliferous. Leaves very 
variable in size, forming a dense crowded rosette two to four 
inches in diameter, three quarters of an inch to two inches 
long, obovate or elliptic-spathulate, acute or obtuse, narrowed 
into a petiole, glandular-pubescent or pilose, quite entire, coria- 
ceous. Scapes few or many, four to ten inches high, very 
slender, flexuous, more or less glandular-pubescent, scales 
or scape-bracts few, scattered, erect, subulate. Raceme 
simple, two to ten inches long, lax-flowered. Flower half 
an inch in diameter, pale straw-coloured with an orange-red 
spot in the centre ; pedicels very slender, a quarter to half an 
inch long, with a minute basal bract and two alternate 
equally small bracteoles. Calyx-tube clavate, terete, twice as 
long as the ovate-lanceolate acute lobes. Corolla-lobes five ; 
four of them linear-oblong, tips rounded, each with a small 
2-lobed . gland at the very base ; the fifth very small, 
subulate, recurved. Column about as long as the petals, 
slender ; anthers purple ; stigma naked. Capsule narrowly 
obovoid-oblong. — /. B. H. 



Fig. 1, Leaf; 2, front and back view of flower : — all magnified. 







■ie.lctlUh 



VuHont BvooksDay&Son^inp 



Tab. 5954. 

TODEA BARBARA. 

Native of Temperate Australia and South Africa. 



Nat. Ord. FZUCDM. — Subonl. Osmundacejj. 
GeuuaToDEA, Willd.; (Book. <t Bwer, Gen. Fil, t. xlvi. li). 



Todea barbara ; caudice .subarborescente, fronde laneeolata pinnata v. 2- 
pinnata, pinnis coriaceis glabris v. mbttll pilosulia erccto-patentilms, 
pinnnlis approximates liaeari-oblongia acutis creoato-dentatu v. lobulatu 

superioribus confluentibus, soris densis globosis. 

Todea barbara, Moore Intl. Fil. ; J look, el Baker Synopt, Fil, 427. 

Todea africana, Willd. in Schrifl. Acad, m Erfurt, 1802, p. II. t. 8, t 1 ; 
Swartz Syn. Fil, 162; Hook, and Bauer Gen. Fil I.e.; Hook. f. FL 
Nov. Zeal, vol. ii. 48 and 338; Fl Tasman., vol. ii. 153, t. 17*: 
Lowe's Ferns, 8, t. 67 ; Smith Ferns Brit, and For., 265. 

Todea rivularis, Sieber ; Kunze Analect, 64. 

Osmunda barbara, Thunb. Prodr. Fl. Cap., 171 ; Flor. Cap. Ed. Schultex, 
p. 732. 

Osmunda barbata, Brown Prodr. Fl. Aust., 163. 

Acrostichum barbarum, Linn. Sp. PL, p. 1529; Hort. Cliffort., p. 496; 
Amoen. Acad., vol. i. p. 274. 

FlLU Africana, &c, Plukenet Almag., p. 156, t. 181, f. 5. 



Amongst the striking objects in the Great Temperate House 
at Kew, none has of late attracted more notice than the 
gigantic specimen of Todea barbara, or as if is there called 
(from its affinity to our British Osmunda), the Australian 
Fern Royal, sent by Baron Von Mueller, from the Victorian 
Alps, in 1869. Huge specimens of this plant had previously 
been sent to Europe from Australia, and, niter seeing 
four such exhibited at the St. Petersburg Horticultural 
Exhibition in 1869, I wrote to my friend the Baron, and 
begged him to procure for us the largest specimen he could ; 
which with his wonted promptitude and liberality, he did at 

march 1st, 1872. 



once, so that before the end of that same year, Kew was 
possessed of the finest specimen in Europe, transmitted 
moreover free of cost for transport or voyage. 

None of these St. Petersburg examples equalled that here 
figured in hulk or weight ; and owing to defective treatment, 
their foliage was so starved, that they looked rather like 
grotesque vegetable monsters, than the truly noble plants 
which they would have been, had their natural wants been 
supplied. As with almost all other Terns, Todea barbara 
likes humidity and shade, and it is under these conditions 
that, at the bottom of the dark gorges of the Australian Alps, 
it attains its gigantic bulk and luxuriant crown of fronds, 
growing out of steep banks, with its base often washed by a 
torrent. Stuck upright in a tub, as usually planted in our 
greenhouses, the roots which clothe the huge caudex soon 
dry, and the fronds are imperfectly developed ; but when set 
upon a shallow vessel of water, propped up between stones 
in front, a mass of earth kept in place by cask-staves 
behind, and when stones, earth, and caudex are clothed with 
Lycopodium, it sends out fountains of fronds throughout the 
year. The specimen here figured arrived at Kew in the 
autumn of 1869, and weighed in its dry state, when taken 
out of the box of sawdust in which it was packed, exactly 
fifteen cwt. ; it then had not a frond developed on it, now it 
has some 30 crowns, and in all just 160 fronds, averaging 
five feet in length. The reduced figure given on the accom- 
panying plate, being taken from above the level of the plant, 
gives no idea of its stateliness and effect. 

Still larger specimens than the above have been since sent 
to Europe by Baron Von Mueller, of which one, presented by 
him to Mr. J. Booth, of Flottbeck, Hamburgh, weighed one 
ton three cwt., its dimensions being five feet eight inches 
high, seven feet nine inches wide, and three feet three inches 
in its smaller diameter. 

The genus Todea takes the place of Osmunda, in the 
bouthern hemisphere, and was united with it by B. Brown, 
as I think with much reason. T. barbara is a native of 
lasmama, S. and E. Australia, and South Africa, in which 
latter country, however, it does not, in so far as I know, attain 
the dimensions that it does in Australia. Linnams named 
it Aerosttchum barbarum, because of its African origin; but it 
is not a native of Barbary.— /. B. H. 



5955 







Tab. 5955. 
BULBINE Mackenii. 

Native of Natal. 



Nat. Ord. Liliace^e. — Tribe, AsphodelEjE. 
Genus, Bulbine, Linn. ; (Harv. Gen. Cape Plants^ p. 400). 



Bulbine Mackenii ; radicibus et collo fibris brunneia intertextis dense vestitis, 
foliis late ovato-oblongis obtusis v. subacutis patentibus glabris plani- 
usculis enerviis, scapis gracilibus glaucis, bracteis minutis, racemis 
multi-laxifloris, pedicellis pollicaribus patentibus, floribus £ poll, diam., 
sepalis petalisque fere e basi patentibus subaequalibus lineari-oblongis 
obtusis aureis, filamentia perianthio paulo brevioribus gracilibus nudis, 
antheris parvis. 



This pretty plant does not accord with any genus as at 
present described, but cannot I think be excluded from 
Bulbine, a large genus of South African plants, from which its 
beardless stamens alone distinguish it. The only alternative is 
to place it in Bulbinella, from which it differs in the numerous 
(not twin) ovules, and filaments all equal in length ; or in 
my genus Chrysobactron (Tab. Nost., 4062), which has also twin 
ovules, and which differs from Bulbine in no important par- 
ticular. Upon the whole I am disposed to think that the 
best plan would be to retain the Linnean genus Jntkericum, 
which he substituted for Bulbine, and to include in it species 
with glabrous and bearded filaments ; subdividing it primarily 
into those with twin ovules in each cell (Bulbine including 
Chrysobactrori), and species with several ovules in each cell, 
which is again divisible into those with bearded and those with 
heardless filaments. Endlicher (Gen. PL, 148) has indeed 
included Bulbine under Jnthericum, but his character of the 
latter genus excludes the 2-ovuled species, and attributes to 
it a declinate style. 

Bulbine Mackenii was transmitted from Natal by Mr. 
McKen, the energetic superintendent of the D'Urban Botanic 

march 1st, 1872. 



Gardens ; it flowered in the Royal Gardens in July of last year, 
and of the previous one, the flowers opening after mid-day. 

Descr. Boot of tufted fleshy fibres, clothed, as is the neck 
of the plant, with coarse matted red-brown filaments. Leaves 
appearing with the flowers, two to three inches long, by 
one and a quarter to one and a half inches broad, spreading 
from the neck, ovate-oblong, obtuse or subacute, quite 
glabrous, rather fleshy, smooth, nerveless, pale beneath ; 
young convolute, with red margins. Scapes two (in our 
specimen), a foot high, slender, cylindric, glabrous, green. 
Raceme six to ten inches long, 20-30-flowered ; pedicels 
spreading almost horizontally, one inch long, with a minute 
ovate acute bract one-eighth inch long at the base. Flower 
jointed on the pedicel, half an inch in diameter, bright golden- 
yellow. Perianth-segments linear-oblong, obtuse, spreading 
almost from the base, 1 -nerved, with green tips and keel at the 
back. Stamens inserted at the base of the perianth-segments, 
rather shorter than these, filaments slender, not flattened, 
equal ; anthers small. Ovary, sessile, broadly elliptic, truncate, 
3-lobed ; style straight, subulate, stigma minute ; ovules 
about six in each cell. " Seeds woolly," {Baker). — /. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Flower ; 2, ovary ; 3, transverse section of ditto : — all magnified. 







\ * 



Tab. 5956. 

DENDROBIUM tetragonum. 

Native of Moreton Bay. 



Nat. Ord. Orchidace as.— Tribe, Malaxide^:.— Section, Dendkobie*;. 
Genus, Dendrobium, Swartz; (Lindl. Gen. and Sp. Orchid., p. 74). 



Dendrobium tetragonum ; pseudobulbis fasciculatis anguste elongato-clavatis 
in stipitem gracilem basi tuberosum attenuatis acute 4-gonis articulatis, 
foliis binis patentibus elliptico-lanceolatis acuminatis coriaceis undulatis, 
racemis brevibus terminalibus 1-paucifloris sepalis elongatis anguste 
lanceolato-subulatis, lateralibus pendulis tortis, petalis sepalis breviori- 
bus et angustioribus, labello sepalis multo breviore ovato, lobis latera- 
libus rotundatis, intermedio late ovato mucronato revoluto. 

Dendrobium tetragonum, F. Maell. Fragrn. Phytog., vol. i. p. 87. 



A very distinct species of Dendrobe, a native of the 
wooded islets in Moreton Bay, for which the Royal Gardens 
are indebted to Messrs. Eollisson and Sons, of Tooting. It 
is remarkable for the very long pendulous stems or pseudo- 
bulbs, which hang in masses from the tree trunks, and are 
terminated by a pair of waved leaves. The flowers are by no 
rneans handsome, and its singular habit alone recommends 
it for cultivation. The specimen here figured flowered in 
the Royal Gardens in November of last year. 

Descr.- Stems or pseudobulbs pendulous, densely fascicled, 
nve to sixteen inches long, acutely tetragonal, very narrowly 
ciavate, narrowed downwards into a very slender rigid terete 
stalk, which suddenly dilates into a globose woody tuberous 
base that emits roots from its under surface, that attach it to 
bark of the trees it grows on; tubers one-third inch 
diameter, transversely scarred, persistent. P*eudohdb» 
jointed on to the tuber, and at distant intervals throughout 
march 1st, 1872. 



their length ; faces hollowed, sheathed towards the thickest 
part, which is one-third to half inch in diameter ; sheaths 
short, appressed, membranous, triangular, ovate, acute. 
Leaves two to three inches long, in pairs at the end of the 
pseudobulb, spreading, elliptic-lanceolate, acuminate, undu- 
late, deep green, coriaceous, keeled at the costa beneath. 
Raceme, with a very short, brown, rigid rachis, placed 
between the leaves, half to one inch long, bearing one or 
few flowers ; bracts very small, scarious ; peduncle slender, 
yellow, half an inch long. Flower four inches long from the 
tip of the dorsal to that of the lateral sepals, pale dirty-yellow 
suffused with pink. Sepals equal, narrow-subulate, lanceolate, 
upper erect, straight ; two lateral twisted, pendulous, edged 
with red. Petals one-third shorter and proportionally 
narrower than the sepals. Lip ovate in outline, whitish with 
transverse pink bars, very much smaller than the sepals; 
lateral lobes short, rounded ; mid-lobe broadly ovate, mu- 
cronate, revolute ; disk with two slender keels. Column very 
short.—/. B. H. 



Fig. 1, Peduncle, ovary, and lip ; 2, column; 3, fiont view of lip :- 
magnified. 



5951 




Vincent Bt doles Dav fc Sc p 



Tab. 5957. 
EXANTHEMUM palatiferum. 

Native of Silhet. 



Nat. Ord. AcanthacejE.— Tribe, Eranthemejs. 
Genus, Eranthemum, L. / (Nees in A. DC. Prodi-., vol. ii. p. 445). 



Eranthemum palatiferum ; glabrum v. puberulum, ramulis teretibus, foliis 
lanceolatis obtuse acuminatis integerrimis v. subcrenatis glabris, 
racemis (spicisve) terminalibus basi compositis recurvato-patentibus 
multifloris, floribus fasciculatis sessilibus secundis, bracteis subulatis 
calycisque segmentis linearibus glanduloso-pubescentibus, corolla 
lilacina v. sanguinea, tubo gracili calyce multoties longiore, Jimbi 
2-labiati explanati lobis 2 superioribus minoribus oblongis obtusis, 
inferiore rotundato, lateralibus late oblongis, antheris cseruleis. 

Eranthemum palatiferum ; Nees in A. DC. Prodr., vol. ii. p. 457. 

Justicia palatifera ; Wall. PI. As. Ear., vol i. p. 80, t. 92. 

Eranthemum crenulatum; Nees in Wall. PL As. Bar., vol. iii. p. 107; et 
in A. DC. Prodr., vol. ii. p. 453; non Wall, in Bot. Reg., t. 879? 
nee E. crenulatum Tab. nost. 5440. 



Very closely allied to, but much less handsome than E. 
cinnadarinum, which was figured last year (Tab. 5921) in this 
work, and differing remarkably in the form of the leaves, 
which, curiously enough, are variegated in both species in 
our stoves, suggesting a common origin for this sport or 
disease. It is a native of the hilly regions of N.E. Bengal, 
where it was discovered by a collector of the Calcutta garden, 
Mr. F. de Silva, and well figured by Wallich as Justicia 
palatifera, from specimens introduced into the Calcutta 
Botanic Garden in 1825. Singularly enough, no specimens 
occur under this name in Wallich's Herbarium, where, how- 
ever, this species is abundantly represented under E. crenu- 
march 1st, 1872. 



latum, a rather common Indian hill plant, which I gathered 
at Chittagong, and which extends thence to Java, and is 
also found in Ceylon and the Madras Peninsula. 

The history of E. crenulatum* is obscure ; it first appears in 
the Botanical Register (Tab. 879) in 1825, as a ms. name of 
Wallich's, applied to a plant from Silhet, which he sent to 
the Horticultural Garden in 1824, the very year in which he 
received E. palatiferum in the Calcutta Garden; but the 
Register figure is totally unlike the plant subsequently 
described by Nees as E. crenulatum {Wall. PL As. Bar., iii. 
107), in having a small regular corolla with acute lobes, and 
is probably an Asystasia in a starved state. T. Anderson, in 
his enumeration of the East Indian Acanthacese (Journ. 
Linn. Soc, v. ix. p. 524), throws no light on the subject. 

Under these circumstances it appears to me best to retain 
the name palatiferum, as being that which Wallich applied 
to this plant, which he figures and describes well. It is 
further to be observed that Nees errs in putting E. cinna- 
barinum and this plant (his crenulatum) in the section of the 
genus with the corolla limb equal, it being strongly bilabiate 
in both ; in so doing he has followed the Register plate, and 
not the specimens he has so named. 

The subject of our plate was sent to Kew from the Cal- 
cutta Botanic Garden, and flowered in April of last year ; it 
belongs to the var. glandulosum, in which the glandular 
pubescence of the inflorescence extends to the upper branches,, 
and which inhabits the Malayan Peninsula. 

Descr. A small erect shrub ; branches terete, glabrous or 
slightly glandular-pubescent. Leaves petioled, four to six 
inches long, blotched in our plant with white, quite entire or 
obscurely crenulate. Spikes terminal, glandular- pubescent, 
simple or branched at the base, recurved, four to seven inches 
long, many -flowered. Flowers subsecund, fascicled at regular 
intervals ; bracts subulate, one-sixth to one-quarter of an inch 
long. Calyx-segments linear-subulate, acuminate, one-third 
inch long or more. Corolla-tube very slender, one inch long, 
pale ; limb three-quarters to one and a quarter inches broad, 
flat, 2-lipped, lilac or scarlet, with a yellow spot on the lower 
lip ; upper lip of two erect linear-oblong obtuse lobes ; lower 
with one orbicular mid-lobe, and two broadly oblong lateral 
ones, all rounded at the tip. Anthers blue. — J. D. H. 



* Exanthemum crenulatum of this work (Tab. 5440) is a species of 
Asystasia. 




nrentBroc'r 



Tab. 5958. 

CCELOGYNE lentiginosa. 

Native of Moulmein. 



Nat. Ord. OrchidacejE.— Tribe, MaLAXIDEjB. 
Genus, C(elogyne, Until. ; (Lindl Fol. Orchid. Ccelogyne, p. 1). 



Ccelogyne lentiginosa ; caudice repente valido rigido, paeudobulbis erectis 
sessilibus anguste ellipticis compresso-trigonis vagims ovatis acutis 
carinatis duplo longioribus, foliis lanceolatis petiolatis, racemo as- 
cendente laxifloro, bracteis cymbiformibus ovaria superantibus, sepaJia 
petalisque conformibus pallida viridibus oblongo-lanceolatis acuminata 
carinatis recurvis, labello albo croceo vanegato, lobis laterality 
brevibus rotundatis, intermedio breviter late unguiculato late trulii- 
formi apice recurvo marginibus crispatis disco anguste tn-lamellato. 

C(Elogyne faliginosa, Lindl. Fol. Orchid. Ccelogyne, p. 3. 



A very little known plant, though imported many years 
ago from Moulmein by Messrs. Veitch, probably through their 
indefatigable collector Thos. Lobb, and of which I find a tew 
dried flowers in Lindley's Herbarium, dated December 1 648, 
received from Messrs. Veitch. Describing it from the flowers 
alone for his "Folia Orchidacea" in 1854, Lindley naturally 
included it in his section of the genus Flacada, with pendu- 
lous racemes, whereas it really belongs to the much more 
extensive section of ErecUe, with ascending or erect racemes. 
The specimen here figured was communicated by Messrs. 
Veitch, with whom it flowered in December of last year. ? 

Descr. Stem very stout, creeping, as thick as a swan s 
quill, rooting into the earth, clothed with rigid brown scales. 
Pscudobulbs close placed, sessile, erect, two to three inches long, 
by two thirds to three-quarters of an inch wide, trigonous 
compressed, narrowly elliptic, truncate, green smooth, edges 
obtuse; sheaths reaching about halfway up the pseudobulb, 



MARCH 1st, 1872. 



ovate, acute, keeled, brown, scarious, appressed. leaves, 
two at the top of the pseudobulb, six to seven inches long, 
erect, recurved above the middle, acute, narrowed into a short 
petiole, obscurely nerved, keeled at the costa beneath, bright 
green ; articulate at the base with a globose joint or internode, 
that persists in the old pseudobulbs. Baceme produced at 
the base of the last-formed pseudobulb, ascending from its 
base, where it bursts through the sheath ; peduncle stout, 
stiff, ascending, clothed with broad obtuse convolute green 
scales ; rachis erect, slender, flexuous, floriferous from the 
base upwards, about 5 -flowered. Flowers one and a half 
inch diameter, distichous; bracts two thirds inch long, 
horizontal, cymbiform, exceeding the ovary, membra- 
nous. Sepals and petals similar, linear-oblong or lanceo- 
late, acuminate, recurved, keeled, pale yellow-green. Lip 
rather longer than the sepals, white with a broad ochreous 
blotch on the mid-lobe, the margins of the lateral 
lobes brown and as well as the disk freckled with brown ; 
lateral lobes rounded; mid-lobe with a broad flat claw, 
broadly trowel-shaped, tip acuminate recurved, margins undu- 
late, disk with three slender crenate ridges, of which the middle 
one is shortest. Column slender, narrowly winged. — J. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Column; 2, lip -.—both magnified. 



5959. 




Tab. 5959. 
SENECIO PULCHER. 

Native of Uraguay. 



Nat. Ord. Composite — Tribe, SenecionidejE. 
Genus Senecio, Linn. ; (De Candolle, Prod., vol. vi. p. 340). 



Senecio pulcher ; animus, arachnoid eus, caule cylindrico robusto simplici v. 
ramoso, foliis crasse herbaceis oblongo-lanceoiatis irregulariter lobulatiB 
lobulis crenato-dentatis radicalibus breviter petiolatis caulinis scssililms 
costa nervisque crassis, pedunculis bracteatis, capitnlis maximis corym- 
bosis, involucri latissime campanulati foliolis crassis oblongo-UnOeo- 
latis subacutis omnino viridibus exterioribus numerosis mterioribus 
dimidio brevioribus, ligulis 20-30 latis purpureis disco aureo ter 
longioribus. 

Senico pulcher, Hook, and Am. in Hook. Journ. Bot., vol. iii. (1M1) p. 337. 



Certainly the handsomest Groundsel hitherto discovered, 
and truly designated by its original describers, and this from 
dried specimens that had lost all their beauty, as " a splendid 
plant, one to four feet high, with flowers two inches and 
more in diameter, the ray purple." It. was discovered at the 
foot of the Sugar-Loaf Mountain, near Maldonado, and at 
Aldoa, west of Portalegre, in S. Brazil, by that indefatigable 
traveller and gardener, Tweedie, nearly forty years ago, and 
there are also specimens in the Hookerian Herbarium, 
gathered on grassy hills near Maldonado by Mr. Fox, late 
British Minister in Uraguay. 

The introducer of the plant into England is Mr. J. 
Tyerman, formerly of Kew, and for many years the skilful 
and energetic Superintendent of the Liverpool Gardens ; now 
of Penlee Tregooney, in Cornwall, where he raised it from 
seed sent from Buenos Ayres, flowered it in November 1871, 
and sent it to Kew for determination. 

Descr. Annual, very robust, one to four feet high, bright- 
green, sparingly clothed with lax cobwebby wool, especially 

APRIL 1st, 1872. 



on the involucre. Stem simple or branched, cylindric, 
smooth, as thick as a swan's quill. Leaves four to ten inches 
long, thick and herbaceous, oblong-lanceolate, subacute, irre- 
gularly lobulate, with crenate-toothed lobules ; radical shortly 
petioled, cauline sessile, semi-amplexicaul, with slightly 
decurrent bases, midrib and few principal nerves very 
stout, venules none or inconspicuous. Heads in branched 
corymbs, two to three inches in diameter, very bright red- 
purple, disk golden. Peduncles bracteate, stout, spreading; 
bracts one-half to one inch long, ovate-lanceolate, entire or 
toothed. Involucre broadly campanulate, bright green ; scales 
numerous, oblong-lanceolate, subacute, thick ; outer (forming 
the calyculus), numerous, half as long as the inner. Bay- 
flowers twenty to thirty, spreading and recurved, ray linear- 
oblong, tip forked ; pappus as long as the tube ; style-arms 
truncate. Dish-flowers funnel-shaped, lobes short, erect; 
pappus half as long as the tube. Acliene unripe, glabrous, 
terete, smooth. — /. B. H. 



Fig. 1, Flower of ray; 2 ditto of disk; 3 pappus hair: — all magnified. 



:>%> 







Tab. 5960. 

CORYNOSTYLIS Hybanthus. 

Native of Para. 



Nat. Ord. Violacm. — Tribe, Violeje. 
Genus, Corynostylis, Mart. ; (Benth. and Hook. Gen. Plant., vol. i. p. 116). 



Corynostylis i^&emtfms; caule fruticoso scandente, folns altering ellrptico- 
v. ovato-oblongis acuminatis integerrimis serratisve, flonbus solitarns 
racemosis v. corymbosis gracile pedicellatis, sepalis ovatis obtusis summo 
minore, calcare compresso semitorto obtuso. 

Corynostylis Hybanthua, Mart, and Zucc, Nov. Gen. and Sp. PL Bras., 
vol. i. p. 26, t. 17, 18. Griseb. FL Brit. W. Ind. 26. 

C. Benthami, Walp. Bep. i. 223. 

C. albiflora, Linden ;— Moore in Florist, January, 1872, p. 9. 

C. Carthagenensis et C. Guyanensis, Karst. FL Colomb., vol. ii. p. 53 et 
127. 

Calyptrion Aubletii, et C. Berteri, Ging. in DC. Prodr., vol. i. p. 289. 

C. nitidum, Benth. in Hook. Journ. Bot., vol. iv. p. 106. 

Viola Hybanthus, Aubl. PI. Guyan., vol. ii. p. 811, t. 319; Maycock, FL 
Esseq., p. 123 (non Willd.). 

V. lauriflora, Smith in Bees Cyclopedia. 

Ionidium Aubletii, Boem. et Schultes Syst., vol. v. p. 397. 



A stove shrub, imported by Mr. Linden from Para, very 
attractive from its climbing habit, abundance of snow-white 
sweet-smelling blossoms, and bright glossy foliage. J-kougn 
belonging to the same Natural Order as the Violet, and closely 
connected with that genus, its habit and the form of its flower 
more resemble those of the racemose Indian Balsams. ±ne 
curious twist of the spur has been observed by Martms alone 
in his careful description of this plant. It is a most , variab e 
species, and I believe that all the so-called species the genus 
contains, and which are hitherto described, are referable to 



APRIL 1st, 1872. 



one, which extends from the Amazon (which it ascends to the 
junction of the Eio Negro), to Venezuela, Columbia, Guate- 
mala, and St. Vincent ; but which, curiously enough, has not 
been detected in Trinidad. The C. albiflora of the Florist 
is clearly the same, with the articulation of the pedicels 
and bracteoles omitted by the artist. The specimen here 
figured flowered in January of the present year in Mr. Bull's 
establishment at Chelsea. 

Descr. A slender, glabrous climber; branches terete, 
spotted with white. Leaves alternate, two to five inches 
long, elliptic- oblong or ovate, or orbicular, obtuse or acute, 
quite entire or serrulate, bright grassy-green, paler beneath, 
nerves reticulate ; petiole one quarter to half an inch long. 
Stipules small, subulate, deciduous. Flowers usually in 
axillary subcorymbose racemes, rarely fascicled or solitary; 
rachis of raceme half to one inch long, strict, erect, finely 
pubescent; bracts minute, deciduous. Flowers two inches 
long, pure white, odorous ; pedicels three inches long, 
capillary, jointed above the middle, 2-bracteolate. Sepals five, 
small, ovate, obtuse, quite entire, ciliate, the upper smaller. 
Petals five, two upper smallest, obovate, obtuse, ciliate, callous 
at the base ; two lateral twice as large, spreading, obliquely 
obovate ; lower very large, limb broader than long, obcor- 
date ; spur broad, obtuse, compressed, with a half-twist. 
Stamens five, the upper free, the four others connate in pairs, 
each pair produced into a bearded appendage at the base on 
the adjacent sides. Ovary, glabrous or pilose. Capsule one 
and a half inches long, elliptic, acute. — /. D. H. 



Pig, 1, Flower with the lateral and lower petals removed ; 2, side stamens 
and spur ; 3, ovary ; 4, transverse section of ditto : — all magnified. 



5961 




Vincent 



Tab. 5961. 
BOLBOPHYLLUM lemniscatum. 

Native of Moulmein. 



Nat. Ord. Orchidacejs. — Tribe, Dendrobie^:. 
Genus, Bolbophyllum Thouars ; (Lindl. Gen. and Sp. Orchid., p. 47). 



Bolbophyllum lemniscatum ; pseudobulbis depresso-globosis grosse tuber- 
culatis, foliis 2-3 e basi pseudobulbi enatis elliptico-lanceolatis,_ scapo 
apice cernuo gracillimo supra medium vagina longissima subinflata 
aucto, spica brevi pendula, floribus parvulis imbricatis^ sepalis sub- 
a;quaiibus supra medium connatis ovato-rotundatis 1 obtusis dorso infra 
apicem appendice pendula gracillima clavata e lamellis 10 longitudina- 
libus crenatis constante auctis, petalis minutis lineari-oblongis obtusis 
columnae ntrinque rostratse appressis, labello brevi incluso linguaeformi 
crasso obtuso convexo lsevi. 

Bolbophyllum lemniscatum, Parish mss. 



A more singular little gem of an Orchid than this cannot 
well be imagined. Its curious glossy tubercled pseudobulbs, 
its capillary scape with the long inflated upper sheath, its 
pendulous spike of glistening minute flowers, and above all, 
its slender appendages that hang one from the back of each 
sepal, and which are as curious in structure as beautiful in 
colouring, together seem to mark it as the type of a new 
genus. This I should have named Lemniscoa Parishi, 
had not its discoverer seen reason to refer it to the hetero- 
geneous genus Bolbophyllum, to which it is certainly very 
closely allied, but which appears to me to want a redistribu- 
tion of its species. The elaborate structure of the appendages 
of the sepals deserves special notice. Each consists of a 
narrow club-shaped very flaccid body, three to four times as 
long as the flower, -and is gradually narrowed into a fili- 
form pedicel. On a superficial examination it appears to be 
10-sided, but on a transverse section is proved to consist of a 



apuil 1st, 1872. 



capillary axis, from which radiate ten longitudinal crenate 
undulate plates, of equal breadth and extreme delicacy. The 
whole organ is not more than one-sixth to one-fourth of an 
inch long, of a brilliant red-purple colour transversely banded 
with white. These appendages suggested the very appro- 
priate name of lemniscatum (from lemniscus, a coloured ribbon). 
Of their possible use I can form no conception ; they fall off 
as the flower expands. 

The Bev. C. Parish discovered this plant flowering on an 
old shingle roof at Zwakabin, in Moulmein, in November, 
1868, and sent plants to the Eoyal Gardens in 1870, which 
flowered in July of the present year. 

Descr. Pseudobulbs a half to three-quarters of an inch in 
diameter, depressed, tubercled. Leaves in a tuft of three or 
four, springing from the base of the pseudobulb, one and a 
half to two inches long, elliptic-lanceolate, acute, deciduous. 
Scape also from the base of the pseudobulb, four to six 
inches high, capillary, with two or three short sheaths below 
the middle, and one very long slender slightly inflated one 
above it. Spike pendulous from the curved tip of the scape, 
three-quarters of an inch long, oblong ; bracts small, sub- 
ulate. Flowers one-twelfth to one-tenth of an inch long, 
crowded, imbricate. Ovary short. Sepals dark purple, green 
at the base, coriaceous, connivent, united below the middle, 
setose, with long spreading hairs, orbicular-ovate, obtuse, 
3-grooved (appendages described above). Petals small, in- 
cluded, linear-lanceolate, obtuse, rather longer than and 
appressed to the column, white with a purple streak. Lip 
broadly ovate, recurved, convex, very obtuse, quite smooth, 
dark-blue purple. Column with a sharp decurved prominent 
beak on either side. — / D. H. 



Fig. 1 and 2, flowers ; 3, transverse section of appendage ; 4, column, 
petals and lip ; 5, column ; 6 and 7, pollen : — all magnified. 



■796 




\ 



Tab. 5962. 
MASDEVALLIA ignea. 

Native of New Grenada. 



Nat. Ord. 0rchidace2e. — Tribe, Pleurothallideje. 

Genus, Masdevallia, Ruiz and Pavon : (Lindl. Gen. and So. Orchid., 
p. 192). 



Masdevallia ignea; caulibus fasciculatis, foliis longe petiolatis ellipticis 
obtusis coriaceis, scapis gracilibus folio longioribus, floribus decurvis, 
sepalis basi in tubum subcylindricum curvem gibbum connatis, dorsali 
inter sinum lateralium deflexo e basi triangulari elongato-subulato, 
lateralibus maximis ellipticis acutis marginibus recurvis, petalis parvis 
lineari-oblongis obtusis, basi uno latere producto, labello unguiculato 
linguseformi basi subcordato antice crenulato, eolumna exalata, andro- 
clinio serrulate 

Masdevallia ignea ; Reichh.jil. in Gardener's Chronicle, Nov. 1871, p. 1482. 



A very near ally of M. Veitchiana (Tab. nost. 5739), and of 
as vivid a colour, but differing remarkably in the form of the 
leaf, which is also long-petioled, and in the shape of the 
sepals and their disposition and curvature. According to 
Reichenbach, fil. (who quotes Mr. Day for the information), 
it was originally imported from oSTew Grenada in March, 
1870, and sold in Stevens's sale-rooms. That learned Or- 
chidologist describes it from specimens that flowered in 
Messrs. Day's, Branteghem's, and Veitch's collections. That 
figured here is from a large flowered form which flowered in 
Mr. Bull's establishment in February of the present year. 
The colour, though not so deep as that of the Veitchiana, is 
quite as vivid, and more resembles that of cinnabar, or, as 
Reichenbach says, a "dazzling scarlet mixed with orange- 
scarlet, too dazzling to look at long." It thus suggests a 
transition from the red heat of Veitchiana to a white heat. 
As in the latter species, this lustre— or water, as a jeweller 
would term it — is due to the refractive power of the fluid 

APRIL 1st, 1872. 



contained in the superficial bladdery cells of the sepals, and is 
perhaps unsurpassed for brilliancy in the vegetable kingdom. 
Desce. Stems densely tufted, rigid, erect, sheathed at the 
base, each bearing a solitary leaf and flower. Leaf elliptic or 
elliptic-obovate, obtuse or notched, very coriaceous, bright 
deep green, pale beneath, blade three inches long, narrowed 
into a channelled petiole one to one and a half inches long. 
Scape slender, rigid, clothed at intervals with truncate sheaths, 
of which the uppermost is one inch, long, lower somewhat 
spathaceous, compressed, and reaching nearly to the ovary. 
Flower one and a half to two inches long from the base of the 
ovary to the tips of the sepals, horizontal and decurved. 
Ovary one-third inch long. Sepals united at the base into a 
curved gibbous tube, half inch long by two-thirds inch in 
diameter, pale orange-red outside, bright cinnabar-red inside ; 
upper suddenly contracted from a triangular ovate base to a 
long slender point, bent down into the fork between the 
lateral sepals, than which it is rather shorter ; lateral sepals 
elliptic-oblong, acute, rather obliquely incurved, convex above 
with recurved margins, 3-nerved. Petals very small, wholly 
included, appressed to the sides of the column, linear- oblong, 
obtuse, base auricled in front, white, with a faint purple 
streak. Lip equalling the petals, included, linear-oblong, 
obtuse, recurved, cordate at the base, white, with a pale 
purple blush. Column erect, margins not winged. — /. B. H- 



Fig. 1, Flower with the sepals removed; 2, the same with the petals 
removed ; 3, pollen : — all magnified. 



536& 




Vincent Brooks Dav in Son. Imp. 



Tab. 5963. 
STAPELIA sororta. 

Native of the Cape of Good Hope. 



Nat. Ord. Asclepiadie^e. — Tribe, Stapeliejc. 
Genus, Stapelia, Linn. ; {Decaisne in DC. Prodr., vol. viii. p. 652). 



bTAPKLiA (Stapletonia) sororta ; caulibus erectis, ramis erectis v. divaricatis 
4-gonis inter angulos dentatos depressis, dentibus remotis acutis in- 
curvis, pedunculis solitariis v. binis ex ramulis junioribus provenien- 
tibus decurvis dein adscendentibus, corolla ampla atro-purpurea 5-fida 
fauce lobisque densissime et longe villosis, lobis acutis rugosis rugis 
basin versus luteis. 

Stapelia sororia, Masson, Stap. Nov., p. 23, t. 39 ; Jacquim. Stap. Hort. 
Vind. Descript. t. 22, 36, 37. Lodd. Bot. Cab. t. 94. Decaisne in 
DC. Prodr., vol. viii. p. 652. 



One of the earliest-known species of the curious genus to 
which it belongs, introduced into England by Masson, a col- 
lector for Kew, though it nowhere appears in the first or 
second editions of the Hortus Kewensis. Masson who first 
described it, in 1796, states that it flowered in his garden at 
the Cape of Good Hope in 1792, and in the Royal Gardens, 
Kew, in 1797. The said Francis Masson was a gardener at 
Kew, and was, at the instigation of Sir Joseph Banks, sent to 
the Cape, to collect live plants for the King (George III.) : 
he left England in 1772, and remained in South Africa till 
1775, when he returned on leave to England, and spent his 
vacation in publishing the beautiful drawings he had made 
of Stapelias in a small folio work, dedicated to the King, with 
figures and descriptions of forty-one species, all new to science, 
(there having been but two previously published from that 
country) and collected in the Karroo country chiefly by him- 
self. In 1786 he returned to the Cape, and spent ten more 
years in collecting for Kew. Close upon ninety species of 
Stapelia are described in Decaisne's monograph of the genus, 

APRIL 1st, 1872. 



in De Candolle's Prodromus, published in 1844, since which 
time many more have been discovered, but few figured. In 
1811, forty-four species were cultivated at Kew, where there 
are now about thirty. 

St. sororia varies much in robustness, size of flower, and in 
the number and extent of yellow ridges on the petals. 

Descr. Pale green, glabrous. Stems six to ten inches high, 
with erect or horizontal branches one-third to two-thirds of an 
inch in diameter, rather depressed or channelled between the 
angles, which are toothed at intervals of about one-third to 
two-thirds of an inch, the teeth are soft and incurved. 
Peduncles solitary or twin, from the young shoots at the 
bases of the branches, decurved, with ascending tips, three to 
four inches long. Flower three to four and a half inches in 
diameter. Calyx-lobes triangular-ovate, acuminate. Corolla 
clothed on the surface and margins with long hairs, which 
are very dense towards the throat ; lobes five, ovate, acumi- 
nate, transversely rugose, dark vinous purple, the folds towards 
the base bright orange-yellow. Processes of the column deep 
purple, exserted. — /. D. H. 



Fig. 1, column: — magnified. 




fH ct kth 



Tab. 5964. 
ARIS^EMA speciosum. 

Native of the Eastern Himalaya Mountains. 



Nat. Ord. Aroide^e — § Aiusare,e. 
Genus, Aris^ma, Mart. ; (Schott Prodr. Syst. Aroid., p. 24). 



AriSjEma (Trisecta) speciosum ; folio solitario 3-foliolato, petiolo variegato, 
foliolis crassiuscule petiolulatis late ovato-cordatis caudato-acuminatis 
rubro-marginatis, pedunculo petiolo breviore, spatha purpurea late 
elliptico-ovata caudato-acuininata albo-vittata, appendice cylindracea 
inferne paulo incrassata in stipitem brevem attenuata apice subrepente 
in caudam longissimam capillarem fiexuosam spatha pluries longiorem 
producta ovoideo ovario, stigmate subsessili, ovulis 3 basilaribus. 

Aris^ema speciosum, Martins in Flora 1831, p. 458 ; Schott Prodr. Syst. 
Aroid., p. 27. 



The moist forests of the temperate regions of the Himalaya 
abound in large, and even gigantic species of terrestrial Aroids, 
chiefly belonging to the genus Arisama; of these, some 
twenty inhabit the provinces of Nepal and Sikkim, flowering in 
the spring, and exciting the attention of the most careless ob- 
server by their brilliant colouring in some cases, and by their 
curious forms in all. Two were figured in last year's volume 
of the Magazine (A. curvatmn, Tab. 5931, and A. concinnum, 
Tab. 5914), both sent by Mr. Gammie (formerly of Kew, and 
now superintendent of the Sikkim Cinchona Plantations). 
To this energetic officer we owe the introduction of several 
more, and amongst them, of that here figured, which flowered 
in the Royal Gardens in March of the present year. Un- 
fortunately, the genus is dioecious, and no opportunity has 
presented itself of fertilizing the females, which alone have 
appeared. The tubers may, however, be kept in a cold frame 
throughout the winter, like those of any other plant of 
similar habits and constitution. 

The wonderful flexuous tail to the spadix, which I have 
may 1st, 1872. 



usually found lying on the ground, is the most striking 
feature of this and some closely allied species. Of its use, 
only a guess has been hazarded — that it may lead wingless 
insects into the spathe, and so to the stamens in one case, 
and to the ovaries in another, and thus effect the fertiliza- 
tion of the latter. 

The great tubers are, as of allied species, used for food in 
times of famine, after maceration and fermentation to dissipate 
the acrid poisonous principle which they contain. 

Descr. Tuber the size of a large potato. Leaf solitary ; 
petiole sheathed at the base, dirty green mottled with brown, 
as thick as the thumb ; leaflets three, petiolulate, six to eight 
inches long, broadly cordate ovate, long-acuminate, strongly 
nerved, deep green above with a blood-red edge, pale beneath; 
petiolules half to two-thirds of an inch long, laterally com- 
pressed, with blood- red edges and streaked sides. Peduncle 
lateral, two to three inches long, paler than the petiole and 
much more slender. Sjaathe five to six inches long ; lower 
convolute portion cylindric, upper elliptic-ovate concave, 
with an acuminate recurved tip, deep purple inside, striped 
with white, greenish or paler purple outside. Spadix cylindric, 
contracted below into a short stipes, tip produced into a 
twisted and flexuous filiform tip, which is twenty inches 
long. Ovaries occupying about one to one and a half inches 
of the spadix, flagon-shaped or ovoid; stigma sessile, discoid; 
ovules '6, basal, erect. — /. D. II 



Fig. 1, Spadix : — of the natural size ; 2, ovary ; 3, vertical and 4, transverse 
section of ditto : — all magnified. 



Tab. 5965. 

VERONICA PAHVIFLORA, VAR. ANGUSTIFOLIA. 

Native of New Zealand. 

Nat. Ord. Scrophularine^i. — Tribe, Veronice^e. 
Genus, Veronica, Linn. ; (Benth. in DC. Prodr., vol. x. p. 458.) 



Veronica (Hebe) parviflora ; frutex glaberrimus, foliis sessilibus lanceolatis 
elliptico-lanceolatis v. linearibus erectis v. patenti-recurvis carinatis 
acutis acuminatisve glaberrimis integerrimis, racemis foliis longioribus 
strictis v. paulo curvis elongatis caudato acuminatis pedunculatis multi- 
floris puberulis, floribus parvis breviter pedicellatis, calycis parvi lobis 
ovatis oblongisve obtusis ciliolatis, corollse tubo lobis oblongis obtusis 
sequilongo, capsula parva sepalis paulo longiore septicida. 

Veronica parviflora, Vahl Symb., vol. iii. p. 4 ; Benth. in DC. Prodr., vol. x. 
p. 460 ; Hook. f. Fl. Nov. Zel, vol. i. p. 192 ; Handbook of N. Z. Flora, 
p. 207. 

Var. angustifolia ; foliis anguste linearibus patenti-recurvis. 

V. angustifolia, A. Rich. Fl. Nouv. Zel, p. 187. 

V. stenophylla, Steud. Bot. Nomencl., Ed. ii. 



A not uncommon New Zealand shrub, found throughout 
the two main islands, and, like its shrubby compatriots, 
varying excessively in stature, foliage, and colour of flower ; 
apparently passing at one time into the still more common 
V. salicifolia, and at others into the rarer V. macrocarpa and 
ligustrifolia. It is best distinguished from both these latter 
by the long slender racemes, short obtuse calyx-lobes and 
small fruit. I have little doubt but that these and other 
New Zealand species hybridize extensively in their own 
country, and that when they are more copiously introduced 
into this, the difficulty of naming them will prove insuperable. 
The form of parvifolia here figured is that described by A 
Richard as V. angustifolia, and was procured from the Koyal 
Botanic Gardens of Edinburgh under the name oUmar folia in 

-may 1st, 1872. 



1870; it flowered in the temperate house at Kew in July 
of 1871, and is a remarkably graceful greenhouse plant, of 
easy cultivation. 

Descr. A small glabrous shrub ; branches slender, erect, 
red- brown, as are the peduncle and the rachis of the racemes. 
Leaves two to three and a half inches long, sessile, spreading 
and recurved, narrow-linear, acute, keeled, quite entire, dark 
green and channelled above, pale beneath. Bacemes opposite, 
axillary, spreading and recurved, longer (often twice as long) 
as the leaves, densely very many flowered, tapering to the 
extremity. Flowers a quarter of an inch in diameter, shortly 
pedicelled ; bracteoles minute. Calyx-lobes very short, oblong, 
obtuse, minutely ciliate. Corolla pale lilac ; tube rather 
longer than the lobes, and much exceeding the calyx ; lobes 
spreading, dorsal largest, anterior smallest, almost orbi- 
cular, all obtuse. Stamens much exserted ; anthers red-brown. 
Style exserted ; stigma subentire. — /. D. IT. 



Fig. 1, Flower ; 2, calyx and style : — both magnified. 



5966 




W.FtboK.del etliti 



Vincent. Biooks Dajri Son I 



Tab. 5966. 
RESTREPIA elegans. 

Native of Caraccas. 



Nat. Ord. Orchidace^;. — Tribe, Malaxide-e § Pleurothallk^i. 
Genua, Kestrepia, Kunth ; (Lindl Fol. Orchid., Kestrepia). 



Restrepia elegans ; caulibus csespitosis vaginis amplis imbricatis compressis 
albis scariosis tectis, folio sessili late elliptico coriaceo apiculato, pedun- 
culis axillaribus solitariia v. binis filiformibus folium asquantibus v. 
superantibus, sepalo dorsali lanceolato in caudam elongatam apice cla- 
vellatam producto albo purpureo-lineato, lateralibus in laminam amplam 
oblongam apice emarginatam concavam flavam purpureo punctatam con- 
natis, petalis minutis sepalo dorsali eonsimilibus, labello parvo panduri- 
formi emarginato ultra medium eroso basi utrinque appendicula setacea 
aucto. 

Restrepia elegans, Karat. Auswahl neuer und Gewdchse Venezuelas, p. 8, 
t. 2; Lindl. Fol. Orchid., Restrepia, p. 2. 



A lovely little Orchid, closely allied to, and indeed the Vene- 
zuelan representative of the Andean B. antennifera, a plant 
which was long regarded as the only species of the genus, and 
known only from the plate in Humboldt's and Bonpland's 
"Nova Genera et Species" (vol. i. p. 293, t. 94) and which 
has been cultivated by M. Linden, of Brussels, but not, as far 
as I am aware, in this country (see Reichb. f. in Gard. 
Chron.,1869). 

Since that period a considerable number of species have 
been discovered and described, most of them presenting the 
curious antenna-like form of dorsal sepal and petals, and 
ah inhabiting the mountains of Venezuela and the Andes, 
from Guatemala to New Granada. 

B. elegam inhabits mossy tree trunks at elevations of 
5-6000 feet in the province of Caraccas, whence there are 
dried specimens in the Hookerian Herbarium, collected 
near the colony of Tovar, by Fendler. I am indebted to 
Messrs. Veitch for the specimen here figured, which flowered 
hi February last. 

may 1st, 1872. 



Descr. Stems tufted, epiphytic, two to three inches high, 
clothed with distichous, compressed, elliptic-oblong, obtuse, 
pale, rigidly scarious scales. Leaf one to one and a half inches 
long, almost exactly elliptic, obtuse or subacute, deep green 
above, pale beneath, very coriaceous, flat, smooth. Peduncles 
usually in pairs, rather longer or shorter than the leaf, very 
slender, erect, rigid, naked ; bracts small, oblong, acuminate, 
compressed, embracing the short ovary. Flower one and a half 
to two inches long from the tip of the dorsal to that of the 
lateral sepals, horizontal. Dorsal sepal erect, lanceolate, pro- 
duced into a straight tail as long as itself, which is yellow and 
clubbed at the tip, white streaked with purple ; lateral sepals 
connate into an oblong emarginate concave blade, that subtends 
the lip, yellow, spotted with purple. Petals like the dorsal se- 
pal but only half the size, spreading. Lip half the size of the 
connate lateral sepals, and of the same colour, but edged 
with red ; oblong but contracted in the middle, and abruptly 
at the base into a narrow claw ; base concave, margins erose 
beyond the middle, and furnished on each side towards the 
base with a slender subulate auricle ; tip emarginate ; surface 
echinulate. Column slender, arched, white streaked with 
purple. Pollen-masses 4, sessile. — /. B. H. 



Fig. 1 and 2, Flowers ; 3, lip and column ; 4, front view of lip ; 5, column ; 
b, pollen:— all magnified. 










Vincent Brooks DavtSwii* 



Tab. 5967. 
SAXIFRAGA Stracheyi. 

Native of the Himalaya Mountains. 



Nat. Ord. Saxifragace^e. — Tribe, Saxifrages. 
Genus, Saxifraga, Linn. ; (Benth. and Hook.f. Gen. PL, vol. i. p. 635). 



Saxifraga (Bergenia) Stracheyi; rhizomate crasso repente, foliia amplis 
obovatis obovato-cuneatisve grosse crenatis basi angustatis v. cordatis, 
petiolo basi dilatato, panicula glanduloso-pubescente, calycis lobi 5 
rotundati, petalis spathulatis obovatis v. orbicularibus roseis. 

Saxifraga Stracheyi, Hook. f. and Thorns, in Journ. Linn. Soc. Land., 
1857, p. 61. 

? S. ciKata, Lindl. in Bot. Reg., 1843, t. 65. 



A near ally of the extensively cultivated S. ligulata, 
Wallich, of the Himalaya, and very probably a form of that 
plant; approaching it through the /3 ciliata of S. ligulata 
(figured as S. ciliata in Tab. 4915 of this work) ; and in the 
fact of our garden specimens having cordate leaves, which is 
very rarely the case with wild ones of Stracheyi, but uniformly 
so with both wild and cultivated ones of S. ligulata. In a 
living state there is, however, no difficulty in distinguishing 
between the typical forms of Stracheyi, ciliata, and ligulata, of 
which the former bears the palm for the fine bright pink hue 
of its petals, and the deep red of the ovary. 

S. Stracheyi is a native of the upper elevations of the Western 
Himalaya and Western Tibet ; ascending from 10-14,000 
feet, and growing on moist rocky ledges. It varies greatly 
in size, according to elevation and moisture. 

The specimen here figured has flowered in the Royal 
Gardens, on an open rock-work, in March, during several years 
past. The plant was raised from seed sent home by Captain, 
now General, Strachey, F.R.S., from Kumaon, in 1851 

Bescr. BooUtock stout, creeping, as thick as the thumb. 
may 1st, 1872. 



Leaves closely sheathing at the base, with orbicular stipular 
sheaths, obovate or obovate-cuneate, three to six inches long, 
narrowed into the short stout petiole or cordate at the base, 
obtuse, bright green, margin irregularly toothed, ciliate. 
Flowering-stem four to eight inches high, stout, succulent; 
panicle much branched, drooping, more or less glandular- 
pubescent ; bracts deciduous. Flowers three-quarters to one 
inch diameter. Cahjx-tube hemispheric ; lobes orbicular. Petals 
obovate-spathulate or orbicular, pink. Stamens ten, red; 
anthers primrose yellow. Ovary of three crimson carpels; 
styles narrow, conical; stigmas capitellate. — /. D. H. 



Fig., Flower with the petals removed : — magnified. 



5968 



WRic; 




Vincent B: 



Tab. 5968. 
DENDROBIUM amethystoglossum. 

Native of the Philippine Islands. 



Nat. Ord. Orchidaceje. — Tribe, Malaxide^; § Dendrobieje. 
Genus, Dendrobium, Swartz ; {Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orchid., p. 74). 



Dendrobium (Pedilonum) amethystoglossum; caulibua fasciculatis strictis 
erectis elongatis cylindraceis, foliis ?, racemis alterais breviter pedun- 
culatis pendulis oblongis dense multifloris, floribus imbricatis, bractois 
minutis, sepalis petalisque consimilibus late obovato-oblongis acutis 
eburneis, sepalis lateralibus basi connatis postice in calcar rectum 
vahdum obtusum ovario longiore productis, labello oblongato anguste 
spathulato cymbiformi abrupte apiculato late purpureo marginibus 
lateralibus incurvis, basin versus supra unguem callo triangulari retrorso 
aucto, columns brevis auriculis obscuris erectis 2-dentatis. 

Dendrobium amethystoglossum, Reichb.f. in Gard. Chron. 1872, p. 109. 



This remarkable Dendrobe presents the contrast of great 
beauty of inflorescence and flower, with a singularly ugly 
habit of growth. On the one hand, nothing can well be 
uglier than the thick, clumsy, slightly flexuous, naked stems, 
two to three feet long, that stick straight up from the tree- 
trunk it inhabits, and which further present, after flowering, 
the persistent naked remains of the old racemes, projecting 
right and left from the internodes ; on the other, it is difficult 
to describe the ivory-whiteness of the sepals and petals, and 
the lucidity of the amethystine purple on the lip. 

D. amethystoglossum is a native of the Philippine Islands, 
whence it was imported by Messrs. Veitch, through their 
collector, G. Wallis, amongst a lot of D. taurinum; it flowered 
in February last, presenting three racemes on the stem at once. 

Descr. Stems fascicled, two to three feet high, stout, one 
inch in diameter, slightly flexuous, dirty green, obscurely 
channelled, tapering to the apex ; internodes about two inches 
long, clothed with appressed deciduous sheaths. Leaves not 

may 1st, 1872. 



seen. Racemes three to five inches long, ovoid-oblong, obtuse, 
pendulous from alternate nodes, shortly peduncled, very 
many and dense -flowered, the flowers imbricating before 
full expansion ; peduncle and rachis green ; bracts minute ; 
pedicels half an inch long. Flowers one and a half inches 
in diameter, ivory-white except the amethystine purple end 
of the limb of the lip. Sepals and petals nearly equal, 
obovate-oblong, acute, spreading. Lip cymbiform, elongate 
linear-spathulate in outline, with a short claw, tip apiculate, 
margins incurved, except toward the apex ; base beyond the 
claw with a fleshy triangular appendage, that points back- 
wards. Column short, the sides produced upwards into two 
short toothed wings. — /. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Lip, column, and ovary; 2, front view of lip; 3, front view of 
column, &c. : — all magnified. 



sm 




WRtdi.del.Llul, 



VWentErooisDiylSoaJW 



Tab. 5969. 
FRITILLARIA tulipifolia. 

Native of the Caucasus . 



Nat. Ord. Liliace^. — Tribe, Tulipe^e. 
Genus, Fritillaria, Tourn. ; (Kunth Emm. PL, vol. xiv. p. 246). 



Fkitillaria tulipifolia ; glauca, caule basi nudo sursum paucifolio traifloro, 
foliia 3-4 sparsis ellipticis v. elliptico-lanceolatis subacutis supremis 
angustis, flore solitario nutante non tessellato, perianthii segmentis 
oblongis obtusis intus spadiceo-purpureis, exterioribus dorso glauco- 
azureis, interioribus dorso fascia media glauca instructis, nectario lineari- 
oblongo viridi, filamentis gracilibus antheris linearibus flavis duplo 
longioribus, ovario cylindrico, stylo sursum lente incrassato, stigmate 
3-lobo. ' ' 

Fbitillaeia tulipifolia, M. Bieb. Flor. Taur. Cauc, vol. i. p. 270, Suppl, p. 

263, et Plant. Ross., vol. i. t. 21 ; Kunth Enum. PL, vol. iv. p. 247. 
F. caucasica, Adams in Web. and Mohr. Beitr., i. 51. 

Theresia tulipifolia, Klatt in Otto's Hamburg Garten-und-Blumenseit, vol. xvi. 
p. 439 (excl. Syn.). 



A very elegant little Fritillary, apparently common in the 
mountains of Georgia and Armenia, and extending thence to 
those of the Taurus in Asia Minor. It has also been de- 
scribed as a native of Greece and Siberia, and even of the 
Pyrenees, under the names of F. persica (3 pyrenaica, Sibth., 
F. racemosa, Miller, &c, but without living specimens to com- 
pare, I dare not venture to unite these species of so difficult 
a genus. Klatt refers F. obliqua, Crawler (Bot. Mag., tab. 857), 
to the same series, but that is a racemose species with narrow 
twisted leaves and violet coloured flowers, and has, I apprehend, 
nothing to do with this, and is probably a form of F. persica 
(Bot. Mag., tab. 1537.) 

As a species F. tulipifolia is remarkable for its glaucous 
blue hue, and the singular colour of the flowers, which re- 
semble a tulip in shape, and have a chalky appearance outside. 
According to native specimens, it varies greatly in stature 
and in the size of all its parts. 

may 1st, 1872. 



Our specimen flowered in the open border at Kew in 
March of the present year. 

Descr. Very glaucous throughout, except the inner sur- 
face of the perianth-segments. Stem, in our specimens, four 
to six inches high (two to eight in native ones), slender, leaf- 
less below, but there clothed with appressed sheaths. Leaves 
three to four on each stem, one and a half to two and a half 
inches long, elliptic or elliptic-lanceolate, subacute, concave, 
sessile, straight, sheath very short, nerveless, pale green ; upper 
linear lanceolate. Flower solitary, very variable in size, three- 
quarters to one and a quarter inches long, nodding, exactly 
tulip-shaped. Perianth-segments subequal, oblong, obtuse 
or obtusely apiculate, rusty brown purple within, not tessel- 
lated ; the outer dark glaucous blue streaked with the same 
purple outside ; the inner with a broad glaucous blue band 
down the back ; nectary a linear-oblong green gland. Sta- 
mens erect, filaments slender, twice as long as the narrow- 
linear obtuse yellow anthers. Ovary cylindric, sessile by a 
broad base ; style slender, gradually thickened upwards 
to the obscurely three-lobed stigma. Capsule pyriforra 
erect. — J. B. H. 



Fig. 1, Bulb and 2, petal : — both natural size ; 3, stamen and pistil ; 4, 
pistil; 5, transverse section of ovary: — all magnified. 







WeatBiocAs Da? I 



Tab. 5970. 
CYPRIPEDIUM longifolium. 

Native of Central America. 



Nat. Ord. Orchide^. — Tribe, Cypripedie^e. 
Genus Cypripedium, Lindl. ; (Endl. Gen. Plant., vol. i. p. 220). 



Cypripedium (Selenipedinm) longifolium; foliis distichis elongato-lipu':ttis 
longe attenuate acuminatis carinatis, scapo sparse puberulo multilloro 
bracteato, bracteis spathaceis lanceolatis acuminatis ovarium superanti- 
bus, sepalo dorsali ovato-lanceolato obtuso virescente, lateralibus in 
laminam late ovatam labello ajquilongam suppositam obtusam ctmnatia, 
petalis sepalis multo longioribus anguste elongato-lanccolutis virescen- 
tibus albo-marginatis linea rubra intramarginuli peroursis, labello ob- 
longo-ovoideo obtuso e viridi purpurascente, ore amplo antioe emarginato, 
lateribus lobulatis, staminodio triangulari-cordato, lateribua tumidis 
purpureo-villosis, ovario 3-loculari. 

Cypripedium longifolium, Warsz. et Rchb. f. in Bot. Zeit. 1852, p. 690. 
Selenipedium longifolium, Rchb.f. Xenia. Orchid., vol. i. p. 3 ; Beitr. Orchid. 
CenLAmer. p. 44; Gartl. Chron. 1869, p. 1206. 



By far the stateliest species of the genus hitherto dis- 
covered, and an exceedingly handsome plant, though by no 
means remarkable either for colour or form, as compared with 
some of its congeners. Its three-celled ovary places it in 
the genus Selenipedium of Reichenbach f, and its habit in 
close affinity with C. caricinum, {Pearcii, Hort. : Tab. nost. 
5466) ; to which genus (which we are disposed rather to 
regard as a subgenus,) also belong C. caudatum, Lindl., and 
seven other species enumerated by Reichenbach, all of them 
American. 

C. longifolium was discovered by M. Warszewicz, in the 
Cordillera of Chiriqui, in Central America, at an elevation of 
5-8000ft, and introduced into Europe about ten years ago. 
The superb specimen here figured was exhibited at the Horti- 
cultural Society in January of the present year, by Mr. Bull, 
P.B.S., of Chelsea, and kindly by him placed at the disposal 
of the artist of the Botanical Magazine for figuring. 
juke 1st, 1872. 



Descr. Leaves distichous, recurved, eight to twelve inches 
long by two-thirds of an inch broad, narrow ligulate for two- 
thirds of their length, then gradually tapering to an acumi- 
nate point, sharply keeled, the lower third complicate, bright 
green. Scape two feet high, stout, dark red-purple, sparingly 
pubescent, bracteate ; bracts cauline and floral two to four 
inches long, spathaceous, lanceolate from a short sheathing 
base, yellow green with purplish edges, the floral exceeding 
the ovary. Ovary very slender, 3-celled, dark red-purple. 
Flower seven inches across the petals, and four from the tip 
of the dorsal sepal to that of the lip. Sepals pale yellow- 
green, faintly streaked with purple ; dorsal ovate-lanceolate, 
obtuse ; lateral connate into an ovate obtuse blade placed 
under the lip and shorter than it. Petals spreading, very 
narrowly lanceolate, slightly twisted, pale green, with a white 
border and red intramarginal band. Lip two inches long, 
oblong, green and dull purple, hairy within, tip rounded j 
mouth truncate and notched in front, its sides lobed and 
auricled, the inflected margins yellow, with pale purplish dots. 
Staminode broadly triangular-cordate, with raised purple- 
villous sides. — J. B. H. 



Fig. 1, Lateral, and 2, front view of column: — b&th magnified. 



5971. 




VincentBro'ois Div £ B 



Tab. 5971. 
GREVILLEA rosmarinifolia. 

Native of New South Wales. 



Nat. Ord. Proteace-E. — Tribe, Gueville^e. 
Genus Gkevillea, R. Br.; (Benth. Fl. Austral., vol. v. p. 417). 



Grevillea (Ptychocarpa) rosmarinifolia ; frutex erectus, ramulis tomentosis, 
foliis confertis suberectis lineari-subulatis lanceolatisve mucronatis 
marginibus revolutis, subttis albo-sericeis, racemis brevibus subgloboais 
densifloris terniinalibus v. ramulis abreviatis lateralibus, rachi glabra, 
perianthii brevis glabri coccinei tubo basi lato gibbo intus barbato, 
limbo revoluto obliquo viridi, disci glandula semicirculari, ovario sessili 
glabro, stylo basi barbato, stigmate laterali, capsuia angusta incurva. 

Grevillea rosmarinifolia, A. Cunn. in Field's N. S. Wales, p. 328 ; R. Br. 
Prodr. Suppl., p. 20 ; Meissn. in DC. Prodr., vol. xiv. p. 363 ; Sweet 
Flor. Austral, t. 30; Lodd. Bot. Cab., t. 1479; Benth. Fl. Austral., 
vol. v. p. 445. 

G. riparia, Sieb. in Roem. and Schult. Syst, vol. iii., Mant., p. 278. 



A robust ornamental evergreen, which, Jike the subject of 
Tab. 5973, thrives admirably in the damp mild climate of the 
West of England, but is only suited for a greenhouse or 
sheltered wall in the more Eastern counties. Living 
specimens in full flower were communicated by Dr. Wood- 
man of the Exminster Nurseries (Messrs. Lucombe, Pince 
and Co.) in February of the present year, where it formed a 
luxuriant shrub three feet high, with deep green foliage 
starred with blood-red racemes of flowers. 

It was discovered by A. Cunningham on the north bank 
of Cox's Eiver,K. S. Wales, in 1822, along with G. sulphured 
and G. canescens (Tab. nost. 3185), and was probably in- 
troduced into England shortly afterwards, for a weak and 
starved specimen is figured in Loddige's Botanical Cabinet 
as having flowered in the celebrated Hackney Nurseries. 

Descr. An erect shrub, five to six feet high ; branches 
short, erect, tomentose. Leaves crowded, sub-bifanous, 
JOJB 1st, 1872. 



pointing obliquely upwards, one to two inches long, very 
narrow linear-lanceolate, or almost acerose, narrowed at both 
ends, almost pungent, margins revolute, above deep green 
and glabrous or rather rough, silky and white beneath; 
petiole very short. Racemes short, terminal, and on very 
short lateral shoots, subglobose, dense-flowered, about one 
and a half inches long ; rachis glabrous. Flowers deep 
blood-red, with green tips, in pairs from a subulate bract, 
pedicels very short. Perianth a quarter of an inch long, 
turgid and gibbous at the base, suddenly contracted into the 
revolute green limb. Torus nearly straight; gland semicir- 
cular, broad, thick. Ovary sessile, glabrous. Style twice as 
long as the perianth, red-purple, with a tuft of hairs at the 
base ; stigma oblique, discoid. — /. I). H. 



Fig. 1, Leaf; 2, a pair of flowers and bracts; 3, stigma : — all magnified. 




W. Pitch, del etlith 



Vincent BrooteDay 1 Sfln.Irap 



Tab. 5972. 
ASTEROSTIGMA Luschnathianum. 

Native of Bio de Janeiro. 



Nat. Ord. Aroide^. — Tribe, Asterostigmeje. 
Genus Asterostigma, Schott. Prodi: Syst. Avoid., p. 337. 



Asterostigma Luschnathianum ; scapo petioloque teretibus albis maculis ver- 
ticalibus nigro-brumeis pulcherrime irroratis, folio pinnatisecto late 
triangulari-ovato, segmentis 2 infimis deflexis pinnatilobatis, ceteris 
e basi lata decurrente lanceolatis obtuse acuminatis irregulanter 
sinuato-lobatis, spatha 2-4-pollicari cylindrica apiculata viridi purpureo- 
punctata spadicem vix superante intus reticulata, spadicis parte feminea 
ad medium dorso spatha} adnata cum mascula continua, staminibus 
corallinis truncatis 3-12-poris, ovariis 3-5-locularibus, stigmatis lobis 
cuneatis emarginatis. 

Asterostigma Luschnathianum, Schott Synops. Aroid., vol. i. p. 12C; Prodr. 
Syst. Avoid., p. 340. 

Arum Dracontium, Vellozo Flor. Fhtm., vol. ix. t. 103. 



A very singular Aroid, belonging to a small Brazilian 
genus never previously introduced into Europe, for tubers of 
whicb the Eoyal Gardens are indebted to D. Hanbury, F.H .»., 
who, received them from Senor Correa de Melho, an inde- 
fatigable naturalist of Eio de Janeiro. Two specimens 
flowered simultaneously in the propagating pit at Kew, m 
February of the present year, of which one bore a flowering 
spike alone, the other botli a flower and a leaf. Neither 
was so large as the specimen represented in the " Flora Imuiiu- 
nensis," which has, moreover, a more acute spathe produced 
further beyond the spadix. These two specimens further 
differed, in that one (bearing the name of var. porjjhi/roshcta) 
had more purple in the spots of the petiole and scape ; the 
other (var. chlorostica) had greener spots. These differences 
disappeared with age. The leaf of the latter was of a paler 
green, with broader closer-set segments. The colour ol the 
petiole, scape, spathe, and male portion of the spadix are ver\ 
curious and striking. 



jine 1st, 1872. 



Descr. Tuber the size of a tolerable potato, oblate, smooth, 
brown, with many stout branching rootlets from the crown. 
Leaf one to two feet long, deep green, broadly ovate in out- 
line, pinnatifid ; two lower segments deflexed, deeply cut into 
three to five lanceolate acuminate lobes ; remaining segments 
four to six pairs, sessile, remote (contiguous in Vellozo's 
figure), lanceolate, acuminate, irregularly sinuate-lobed or 
quite entire, broadly decurrent ; petiole six to twelve inches 
long, cylindric, whitish, closely striate or irrorate, with short 
vertical black-purple streaks, that are obliquely confluent 
above. Scape similar to the petiole. Spat/te two to four 
inches long, erect, cylindric, acute, with a narrow opening 
above and recurved edges, deep green externally and speckled 
with brown, reticulate internally. Spadix cylindric, upper 
half male, lower or female half very obliquely adnate for half 
its length to the back of the spathe. Anthers scarlet, trun- 
cate, with a circle of three to twelve pores. Ovaries white 
with green stigmas, seated on a cushion consisting of im- 
perfect anthers, 3-5-celled j stigmatic rays three to five, 
cuneate, notched. — J. D. If. 



Fig. 1, Spadix : — of the natural size ; 2, anther ; 3 and 4, transverse sections 
of ditto : — all magnified. 




W. Fitch, del etHth 



"Vmcant3rooks,Day&S 



Tab. 5973. 
ole aria dentata. 

Native of New South Wales. 



Nat. Ord. Composite. — Tribe, Asteroile^e. 
Genus, Olearia, Mosnch. ; (Benth. Fl Austral, vol. iii. p. 463). 



Olearia (Dicerotriche) dentata ; frutex robustus, ramulis foiiisque subtus 
dense fulvo-tomentosis, pilis stipitatis furcatis, foliis alternis petiolatis 
crassiusculis ovatis ellipticis orbiculatisve obtusis sinuato-crenatis 
supra scaberulis, capitulis majusculis m corymbos irregulares ter- 
minales dense fulvo-tonientosos dispositis, pedunculis bracteatis, bracreis 
parvis oblongis, involucri hemispherici squamis multiseriatis extimis 
brevibus suberectis, ligulis numerosis J-pollicaribus apicem versus 
roseis, disci corollis involucrurn vix supei'antibus, antheris ecaudatis, 
styli ramis brevibus obtusis, pappi setis 2-seriatis exterioribus breviori- 
bus, acheniis pilosis. 

Olearia dentata, Mcench. Suppl, p. 254 ; Nees Aster., p. 184 ; DC. Prodr. 
vol. v. p. 271 ; Benth. Fl. Austral, vol. iii. p. 472. 

Olearia rotundifolia, DC. Prodr., vol. v. p. 271. 

Aster dentatus, Andr. Bot. Rep., t. 61. 

Aster tomentosus, Schrad. in Wendl Sert. Han., vol. viii. p. 24. 

Aster ferrugineus, Wendland in Flora 1819, p. 676. 

Diplopappus rotundifolius, Lessing in Linnea, vol. vi. p. 116. 



This is one of the beautiful Daisy-trees of the Australian 
colonies, a genus of plants many of which would thrive well 
and form great ornaments in the gardens of the mild part of 
Western England, and some of which stood for several 
winters in sheltered water at Kew, but were killed during 
recent cold winters. 

The present species forms a fine bush in the Scilly Isles, 
where it was introduced by Augustus Smith, Esq., into his 
garden at Tresco Abbey, St. Mark's, it is believed from Kew, 
a good many years ago. I had the pleasure of visiting these 
gardens about fifteen years ago, with my late friends Prof. 
Harvey, of Dublin, and Veitch (the grand father and founder of 
the firm), when we were all astonished and delighted with the 
luxuriance and variety, especially of the Cape and Australian 
•nxi: 1st, 1872. 



vegetation they displayed. Since that period, Mr. Smith 
has added many hundred species to his collection, and I 
have the pleasure of receiving every early spring a hamper 
of cut flowers of rare (with us) greenhouse plants cultivated 
in the open air, when the snowdrop and the winter-aconite 
are the only plants to be seen flowering in our open borders. 

Olearia dentata is a native of various localities in the East 
coast of Australia, from Port Jackson, the Blue Mountains, 
and Tllawarra, southward to Twofold Bay. 

Descr. A stout shrub ; branches, leaves beneath, and in- 
florescence clothed with a dense rusty-brown tomentum of 
rigid forked hairs. Leaves petioled, very variable, one and 
a half to two and a half inches long, elliptic ovate or 
cordate-ovate, obtuse, obtusely-sinuate crenate, scabrid above ; 
petiole one-third to one-half inch long. Heads one to one 
and a quarter inches in diameter, in terminal erect or spreading 
corymbs ; peduncles with oblong buff tomentose bracts. 
Involucre hemispheric ; scales many, subacute. Ligules 
numerous, rosy, notched. Anther-cell without appendages. 
Style-arms short, obtuse. Pappus-hairs 2-seriate, outer 
much the shortest. Achene hairy. — J. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Floret of ray; 2, style-arms; 3, floret of disk; 4, stamens; 
5, style-arms of disk floret : — all magnified. 






■>:r 




'h.del.etlith 



"Vincent Brooks, Day && 



Tab. 5974. 
CROTALARJA Heyneana. 

Native of Malabar. 



Nat. Ord. Leguminos^. — Tribe, Genistej!. 
Genua Crotalakia, Linn. ; {Benth. and Hook./. Gen. Pi, p. 479). 



Crotalaria (simplicifolia) Heyneana; fruticulus erectu3, subglober ramulia 
teretibus, foliis ellipticis v. elliptico-lanceolatis acuminatis breviter 
petiolatis subtus appresse pubescentibus, stipuli8 transverse lunatis re- 
curvis, racemis terminalibus et axillaribus niultifloris, bracteis minutia 
subulatis reflexis, pedicellis calyce appresse puberulo subsequilongis medio 
2-bracteolatis, calycis brevis lobis 2 superioribus acutis, 3 inferioribua 
paulo longioribus subulato-ovatis,vex511o suborbiculato albo basi c«eruleo- 
striato, alis obtusis dimidiatim cseruleis, carinae petalis connatis, ovario 
villoso, legumine Iineari-oblongo tumido pubescente. 

Crotalaria Heyneana, Graham in Wall. Cat. n. 5414 ; Wight Cat. n. 701 ; 
Wight and Arn. Prodr. Fl. Penins. Ind. Or., vol i. p. 188 ; Benth. in 
Hook. Lond. Journ. Bot., vol. ii. p. 560. 



Of the great tropical genus Crotalaria, numbering some one 
hundred and twenty known species, very few are as yet in 
cultivation, though many are extremely handsome plants, 
easily grown, and possessing seeds which, like those of most 
Leguminosa?, retain their vitality for a long period. C. 
Heyneana is a native of the Western coast of the Indian 
Peninsula from Canara to Travancor, but is apparently rare. 
It was discovered in the early part of the century by the 
botanist and missionary, Heyne. The specimen here 
figured was raised from seed sent to the Eoyal Gardens in 
1868 hy our excellent correspondent, Major Beddome, F.L.S. 
of the Madras Forest Department : it flowered in the Palm 
House in March of the present year. 

Descr. An undershrub, one to two feet high. Stem 

lender, sparingly branched ; branches subcylindric, tips and 

young leaves pubescent. Leaves 1-foliolate, very shortly 

petioled, three to five inches long, membranous, elhptio- 

jl 'ne 1st, 1.872. 



lanceolate, acuminate, glabrous above, sparsely and minutely 
puberulous beneath, nerves slender. Stipules small, trans- 
versely lunate, recurved and half embracing the branch. 
Racemes axillary and terminal, many-flowered, suberect, about 
equalling the leaves, puberulous; bracts minute; pedicels 
slender, a quarter to one-third of an inch long, about equalling 
the calyx, 2-bracteolate at the middle, bracteoles minute. 
Calyx hemispheric, excrescent, 2 -lipped ; two upper lobes 
triangular, ovate, acute ; three lower longer, more subulate. 
Corolla two-thirds of an inch in diameter ; standard erect, 
shortly clawed, suborbicular, entire, base truncate, white 
with blue streaks at the very base ; wings oblong, rather 
dilated at the rounded end, upper half pale blue, lower white ; 
keel-petals connate for half their length, broadly ovate, and 
suddenly acuminate, base rounded, claw short. Ovary villous. 
Pod two inches long, linear-oblong, rather broader towards 
the acute end, tumid, hairy. — J. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Flower with petals removed; 2, standard; 3, wing; 4, keel; 
5, ovary :— all magnified; 6, pod;— of the natural size. 



5975 







"•- , ; : t ./ 



Tab. 5975. 

MUSA SANGUINEA. 

Native of Assam. 



Nat. Ord. Musace^e. — Tribe, Museje. 
Genus Musa, L. ; (Endl. Gen, PL, vol. i. p. 228). 



Musa sanguined ; truncis 3-4 pedalibus confertis graeilibus coloratis 1 poD, 
diametro, foliis petiolatis lineari-oblongis acutis basi rotundatis v. 
cordatis subtus non glaucis, petiolo sub rufescente, scapo erecto breyiter 
pedunculato, pedunculo rachique sanguineis, spica sub 6-pollicari 
erecto ovoideo, bracteis longitudine spicse ovato-lanceolatis cyinbiior- 
raibus subacutis sanguineis 3-floris demuui revolutis caducis, ovarns 
sessilibus, perianthii aurantiaci ovario subaequilongi foliolo extencsre 
apice 5 lobo lobis orbiculatis exterioribus dorso sub apice corniculatis, 
foliolo interiore exteriore a?quilongo apice truncato crenato, antheris 
subacutis, fructu oblongo turgido obtuse 3-4-angulato ilavido rubro 
variegato, seminibus irregulariter cubicis tuberculatis. 



This beautiful species so closely resembles the well-known 
M. omata, Eoxb., of Pegu (If. rosacea, Ker in Bot. Reg. 
t. 70G, not Jacq.) in every particular of the lloral organs, 
that I long hesitated before concluding that it was new ; but 
besides the remarkable difference in the colour of the bracts, 
which in M. omata are pale lilac, the stems of this are much 
more slender and redder, the leaves are subacute, and 
the fruit is turgid, with larger, more cubical seeds than those 
represented in Eoxburgh's drawing. 

Musa savguinea flowered in the Palm House of Ke»w 
January of the present year; it is a native of forests on the 
banks of the Booree Deling river in Upper Assam, where it 
was discovered, in 1SC9, by our valued correspondent, Mr. ii. 
Maim, of the Forest Department of India, so well known or 
bis West African discoveries. Three species of Musa inhabit 
these forests, of which there is, besides that here liguroU, 
another at Kew, which has not yet flowered. My friend, the 



JL-ly 1st, 1872. 



Kev. Mr. Parish, informs me that a very similar species to 
M. sangmna* inhabits the forests of Birma, and was cultivated 
by himself at Moulmein. 

Descr Trunks, several from the root, three to four feet high, 
erect ; about as thick as a stout cane, reddish, leafy upwards! 
Leave* not collected in a terminal crown, petioled, blade two 
to two and a half feet long, linear-oblong or oblong-lanceolate, 
acute rounded or cordate at the base, bright green above, 
not glaucous beneath ; petiole of the upper one to two feet 
long slender, reddish. Scape scarcely protruded beyond 
the leal-sheath. Spike six inches long, erect, narrow ovoid 
belore expansion, rachis stout, bright red. Bracts as long as 
the head, ovate-lanceolate, acute, boat-shaped, bright blood- 
ied, striate, revolute, caducous, 3-flowered. Lower flower* 
all hermaphrodite, about two inches long. Ovaries about 
one-third shorter than the perianth, green, obtusely trigonous. 
rertanth orange-yellow, trigonous ; outer segment with five 
small orbicular lobes, of which the outer are horned at the 
back below the tip; inner perianth-segment as long as the 
outer, membranous, truncate, obtusely toothed. Stamens as 
long as the perianth ; anthers as long as the filaments, acute. 
mie stout ; stigma capitate. Fruit two and a half inches 
long, pale yellow-green, variegated with red, smooth, turgid, 
obtusely 3-4-angled, many-seeded. Seeds irregularly cubi- 
cal, tubercled, black.— J. ]}. H. 



«;l lS \\ RedUC f f 5 gUre of entire P Iant ? 2 > h ead of flowers of the natural 
nv' I ' ™ a P hr ° dite fl ™er ; 4, perianth laid open ; 5, tranversu section of 
ovary : — all magnified. 




W.Fitxili.del.etlith. 



Vincent Er oaks Hay & SoaM? 



Tab. 5976. 
CALOCHORTUS elegans. 

Native of California. 



Nat. Ord. Liliaceje. — Tribe, TuurEyE. 
Genus Calochortus, Pursh ; (Endl. Gen. Plant., vol.i. p. 140). 



Calochortus elegans ; foliis gramineis 7-10 poll, longis^-^ poll, latis florea 
superantibus, Horibus subumbellatis, scapis gracilibus flexuosis, spathis 
brevibus v. elongatis, pedicellis gracilibus, perianthii segmentis exterio- 
ribus elliptico-lanceolatis acuminatis viridibus, interioribus unguiculatis 
orbiculatis acutis dorso basin versus gibbo subacuto auctis, intus longt; 
filamentoso-barbatis albis, macula basin orbiculata purpurea cum zona 
purpurea circumdata, antheris pallide caeruleis ovato-lanceolatis acutis, 
stigmatibus' sessilibus brevibus recurvis. 

Calochortus elegans, Pursh, Fl. Bor. Am., vol. i. p. 240; Hook. Fl. Bor. 
Am., vol. ii. p. 183. 

Cvclobothpja elegans, Dovgl. in Trans. Hort Soc, vol. vii. t. 9. 



Discovered by Lewis, the early explorer of the Rocky 
Mountains, at the head waters of the Kooskoosky, a feeder 
of the Columbia River, early in the present century, and sub- 
sequently gathered by Douglas in 182(5, in the recesses of the 
Rocky Mountains, near the regions of perpetual snow, in the 
same country, by whom it was introduced into England, and 
flowered in the Horticultural Society's Garden in about 188 I. 
It has been also gathered in various localities considerably 
south and west of the above, but always on the western water- 
shed of the Rocky Mountains, extending as far south as the 
Sacramento Mountains and the Sierra Nevada. Geyer, who 
also collected it, describes it as growing amongst grass, which 
it scarcely overtops with its solitary erect leaf. The inner 
perianth segments are of a woolly whiteness, but vary much 
in size, and in the colour and form of the purple lilac or blue 
markings towards their base. 

For the re-introduction of this lovely plant we are indebted 
to Max Leichtlin, of Carlsruhe (who also introduced the C 

'DM 1st. 1872. 



Leichtlinn, (Tab. nost. 5362), and who sent a coloured sketch 
of it for figuring in April of the present year ; it arrived almost 
simultaneously with another specimen from Mr. William 
Saunders, who had received the bulbs from M. Leichtlin. 

The position of Calochortus amongst Liliacece is hardly 
settled. Though placed by Endlicher in the tribe Tulipea 
of Lihaceat, it differs most markedly from them in the sepaline 
outer perianth - segments, and three almost free stigmas, 
which resemble those of Melanthacea. The dehiscence of the 
anthers is, however, absolutely lateral. 

Descr. Tuber ovoid, clothed with brown fibrous coats. 
Scape four to ten inches high, simple, slender, nexuous, leafy. 
Leaves grassy, seven to ten inches long by a quarter to half 
an inch broad, striated, bright green and shining above, 
glaucous beneath, much exceeding the inflorescence. Flowers 
corymbose, three to six or more, the peduncles arising from 
sheathing bracts that are short and cymbiform, or elongate 
and grassy; pedicels half to one and a half inches long. 
Perianth one to almost two inches in diameter ; outer seg- 
ments much the smallest, sepaloid, elliptic-ovate, acuminate, 
pale green, quite glabrous ; inner shortly clawed, nearly orbi- 
cular, apiculate, concave towards the base, the concavity 
answering to a subacute dorsal gibbosity ; whole inner sur- 
face clothed with a chalky-white filamentous beard ; at their 
base is an orbicular blue lilac or purple spot, which is sur- 
rounded by a concentric band of the same colour. Filaments 
reddish ; anthers acute, pale blue, with marginal dehiscence. 
Ovary nearly elliptic-oblong, longitudinally 3-lobed, the 
lobes acute at the back; stigmas three, short, recurved. 
Capsule two-thirds to one and a third of an inch long, mem- 
branous, shining, three-winged, wings or valves transversely 
striate.— J. 1). JL 



Fig. 1, Apex of pedicel, stamen and pistil; 2, inner perianth-segment:— 
both magnified. l 




W htch ddethth 



Tak 5977. 
milla porrifolta. 

Native of Chili. 

Nat Ord. Liliace^e. — Tribe, AdAPANTin 1 . 
Genus Mjlla, Cav. ; (Baker in Journ. Linn. Soc, vol. xi. p, S78)y 



mXLLA (llesTperocor&ixxm) jwmfolia ; foliis scapum jequantibus v. suporantibus 
anguste linearibus obtusiusculis supra concavis dorso conve.vi.s, spathia 
angustis membranaceis, pedicellos graciles subfequaatibns, periaathio 
campanulato ex albo virescente ad medium 6-fido, lobis oblongis acutis 
lente recurvis costa gracili viridi. 

Milla porrifolia, Baker in Journ. Linn. Soc. Lond., vol. xi. p. 386. 

Triteleia porrifolia, Pa;pp. Fragment, p. 10; Pcepp.and Endi, Kov. '■■ n. n 
8p., vol. ii. p. 28, t. 139 ; Gard. Chron., 1808, p. 990 ; Knnth Emm. 
Plant., vol. iv. p. 468; Gay Flor. Chili, vol. vi. p. 11*. 



A native of grassy places in Chili, where it was discovered 
at Concan by Pceppig-, the author of the species, and more 
recently collected by Philippi on the Cordillera of Santiago, 
It was first introduced into Europe by our indefatigable 
friend, Max Leichtlin, of Carlsruhe, who communicated bulbs 
to the Royal Botanic Gardens of Edinburgh; and I am in- 
debted to Mr. McNab for the specimen here figured, which 
Was accompanied by a description by Dr. Balfour and a Bketcfa 
V Mr. Caird. The flowers are described as violet by Pceppig, 
but there was scarce a trace of that colour in the cultivated 
specimen. 2J ilia porrifolia is probably as hardy as M.(Triteleia) 
ixiijhra, and if it forms as handsome tufts and proves as 
amenable to both pot culture and the border as that plant, 
]t will be an acquisition to the horticulturist. Jn one 
fespect it possesses a great advantage over the M. u*iAora in 
being inodorous when bruised, the alliaceous smell of the 
latter rendering it unfit for use as a cut-flower. 

The genus Triteleia, together with Ilcyjcrocordtmn, 
Jl "lv 1st, 1872. 



been recently united with Mitta by Mr. Baker, with much 
reason, and I have followed him in the nomenclature of this 
species. 

Descr. Bulb ovoid, one inch long, clothed with broad brown 
membranous scales. Sheaths very membranous, white, fra- 
gile. Leaves five to seven inches long, narrow linear, one 
quarter to one-third inch broad, obtuse, bright green, concave 
in front, back convex, fleshy. Scape equalling the leaves or 
shorter than them, 4-8-flowered. Spathes two, lanceolate, 
membranous, equalling or shorter than the pedicels, white ; 
pedicels very slender, half to one inch long, strict or curved. 
Flowers inclined or nodding, one inch long. Perianth campanu- 
la^, with six green slender keeled ribs, which terminate in the 
tips of the segments, white with faint violet streaks above, 
suffused with green below, divided to the middle ; segments 
oblong, acute, slightly recurved. Stamens near the bottom of 
the tube; filaments flattened, subulate; anthers yellow. 
Ovary narrowly obovoid ; style rather longer, stigmas three, 
short, recurved ; ovules 2-seriate. — J. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Perianth laid open; 2, pistil; 3, transverse section of the ovary : 
— all magnified. 



Tab. 5978. 
PITTOSPORUM CRASSIFOLIUM. 

Native of New Zealand. 



Nat. Ord. PiTTOSPonE^E. 
Gen vis Pittosporum, Banks. ; {Bentli. and Hook. f. Gen. Pi, vol. i. p. 1C1). 



Pittosporum crassifolium ; ramulis foliis subtus petiolis et inflorescentia to- 
mento albo v. fulvo appresso dense obtectis, foliis alternis in petiolum 
angustatis obovatis lineari-obovatis oblongisve obtnsis integerrimis 
crasse coriaceis marginibus recurvis, floribns umbellatis fascicnlatis sub- 
solitariisve terminalibus, bracteis ad basin pedunculi oblongis, sepalta 
lineari-oblongis tomentosis, petalis angustis purpureis, capsula nutaute 
subglobosa 2—4 loba 2—4 valvi pubescente. 

Pittosporum crassifolium, Banks and Sol. ex A Cunn. in Ann. Nat. Hist., 
vol. iv. (1840) p. 10G ; Putterl. Monog. Pittosp. p. 12; Hook. f. Ft. 
New Zeald., vol. i. p. 23 ; Handbook of N. Zeald. Flora, p. 20. 



A not uncommon bush or small tree in the Northern 
Island of New Zealand, where it affects the immediate neigh- 
bourhood of the coast ; but it does not cross Cook's Straits to 
the larger or Southern Island, a fact that is sufficiently 
curious, seeing that the climate of Scilly, from whence the 
specimens here figured were procured, is certainly more 
inclement than that of the New Zealand provinces of* Canter- 
bury and Nelson. It is one of the plants called " Karo " by 
the natives, a name apparently applied to several species of 
the genus, and is recommended for extensive planting in the 
Islands, on account of its hardihood and power of with- 
standing the sea winds. My friend, Mr. Augustus Smith, of 
Tresco Abbey, Scilly Islands, informs me that the plant 
which he received from Kew thrives in his garden, and that 
nothing can exceed the vigour and robustness of the flowering 
branches which he sent me last March. In Eastern Eng- 
land it requires the protection of a wall, and is not unfre- 
quently cut off by frost. . . , 

Descr. A bush or small tree, four to ten feet high, 
Jult 1st, 1872. 



dense and ramous ; branches erect ; branehlets, petioles, leaves 
beneath, peduncles and sepals densely clothed with a white or 
buff appressed thick tomentum. Leaves one and a half to 
three inches long, narrow-obovate, oblong-obovate, or oblan- 
ceolate, always narrowed into the petiole, obtuse or subacute, 
coriaceous, convex and bright green above, margins recurved; 
petiole one-quarter to three-quarters inch long. Flowers 
variable in size and arrangement, terminal, sometimes solitary, 
but usually in nodding peduncled umbels, or becoming 
fascicled through the shortening of the peduncle, one-third 
to two-thirds inch long ; peduncle and pedicels slender ; 
bracts sheathing the base of the peduncle, oblong, obtuse, 
imbricate, caducous. Sepals elliptic, variable in breadth, 
white, about half the length of the petals. Petals narrow 
linear oblong, recurved beyond the middle, dark chocolate- 
purple, edges puberulous. Filaments glabrous ; anthers linear. 
Ovary pubescent, obovoid, densely pubescent, usually 3- celled. 
Capsule very variable in size and thickness, one-third to two- 
thirds inch in diameter, 2-4-valved, tomentose ; valves 
usually woody. Seeds numerous, black. — J". D. H. 



Fig. 1, Petal; 2, stamen; 3, ovary; 4, transverse section of ditto : — all 
magnified ; 5, fruit : — of the natural size. 



5979. 




W. Fitch. del etlith. 



"Vincent Brooks Day A. Son. Imp 



Tab. 5979. 
GREVILLEA pulchella. 

Native of South- Western Australia. 



Nat. Ord. PROTEACEiE.— Tribe, Grevillea. 
Genus Grevillea, R. Br.; (Benth. Fl. Austral, vol. v. p. 417). 



Geevillea (Conogyne) pulchella ; frutex ramulis foliisque glanduloso-pilosis, 
foliis lineari-oblongis pinnatifidis, segmentis 7-11 cuneatis 2-3-fidis, 
lobis triangulares pungentibua, racemis terminalibus axillanbusve 
sessilibus v. breviter pedunculatis, rachi pubescente, bracteis parvis 
ovatis caducis, pedicellis brevibus, perianthii glabri atricti limbo ovoi- 
deo, toro recto eglanduloso, ovario stipitato glanduloso, stigmatis cono 
angusto basi dilatato. 

Grevillea pulchella, Meissn. in Plant. Preiss., vol. i. p. 553, et in DC. 
Prodr., vol. xiv. p. 389 ; Benth. Fl. Austral., vol. v. p. 484. 

Anadenia pulchella, R. Br. in Trans. Linn. Soc, vol. x. p. 167 ; Prodr. p. 
374. 



A native of Western Australia, near the Swan River where 
it was discovered by Robert Brown, and has been co lected 
by many succeeding investigators. It forms a very elegant 
evergreen bush, well suited for green-house culture, flowering 
in early spring and continuing in flower for se veral weeks. 
The specimen figured was raised from seed sent to Mr. Wilson 
Saunders from Australia, and flowered in the lemperate 
House of the Royal Gardens in April last. 

Descr. A slender spreading shrub, two to three feet high, 
more or less sparsely hairy, the hairs often glandular. 
Branches very slender, zigzag, terete, leafy Leaves two to 
three inches long, sessile, spreading, rigid linear-oblong 
pinnatifid or almost pinnate; pinnules seven to eleven pairs 
cuneate or oblong quadrate, inserted by a broad ^urrent 
base, 2-3-fid at the apex, lobes triangular, pungent more 
or less hairy, rigid, margins recurved, dark green above 
paler beneath, upper quite entire, lowest pair close to the 



Jcxy 1st," 1872 



stem. Racemes terminal or subterminal, cylindric, obtuse, 
one and a half to two inches long, shortly peduncled ; racing 
hairy. Flowers one-third to half an inch long, crowded, 
white, shortly pedicelled, glabrous. Perianth slender; tip 
ovoid, subacute, terete. Torus naked, straight, without a 
gland. Ovary glandular-pubescent, subglobose, on a rather 
slender glandular stipes ; style sigmoid, glandular, terminating 
in an oblong papillose head that suddenly dilates into a glan- 
dular stigma, furnished with a narrow central cone. — 
/. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Pair of flowers on rachis; 2, top of pedicel, ovary and its stipes: 
■both maanifiert. 



-both magnified 




"Uncent Brocxs 



Tab. 5980. 
ONCIDIUM SUPERBIENS. 

Native of New Grenada. 

Nat. Ord. Orchide^.— Tribe, Vande*:. 
Genus Oncidium, Swartz ; {Endl. Gen. PI, vol. ii. p. 203). 



Oncidium (Microchila) superbiens ; pseudobulbis elongato-ovatis compressis, 
foliis distichis elongatis lineari-oblongis acutis coriaceis carmatis, pww- 
cula maxima effusa, ramis flexuosis, bracteis cymbiformibus subacute, 
sepalis trulliformibus unguieulatis undulatis obtusis, postico cordato 
apice reflexo lateralibus longius unguieulatis, petalis breviter late un- 
guieulatis cordato-oblongis recurvis crispato-undulatis, labello parvo e 
basi breviter unguiculato ovato linguseformi revoluto undulato, calio in 
disco elevato tuberculato basi utrinque dente erecto mstructo, column* 
alis parvis falcatis. 

Oncidium superbiens, Beichb f. in Linnaa, vol. xxii. p. 843 ; Lindl. Fol. 
Orchid. Oncid. p. 5. 



A native of the forests of Venezuela and New Grenada 
where it was discovered at about the same time by ±uncK 
and Schlim, in 1847, near Pamplona, and by Purdie in the 
province of Ocana, at elevations of 8-9000 feet above the sea, 

°Th™pedme a n Sed was communicated by Messrs. Veitch 
in whose magnificent establishment it flowered m the spnn 
of the present year ; it is clearly allied to several °ther >Fcie 
of the same section and country, all of them' remarkable lor 
the smallness of the lip. . „i rt ««.i+p 

Descr. Pseudobulbs three to four inches long, ^^? 
ovate or ovate-lanceolate, much flattened. Z™ ves ^t 
fourteen inches long, one and a quarter to one and a ha 
inches broad, linear, acute, keeled, coriaceous, deep £ei. 
above, pale beneath, sheathing portion two to .four acn* 
long/much flattened. Panicle two to ««e f **■££ 
dined, lax, flexuous, much branched, ^^Zto l 
three-barters of an inch long, boat-shaped, subacute, pah 



July 1st, 1872. 



green, coriaceous ; pedicel and ovary one and a half inches 
long, the latter very slender, deeply grooved. Flowers two 
and a half inches in the longest diameter, which is the antero- 
posterior. Sepals clawed, the claw one-third the length of 
the blade, broad; upper trulliform with a cordate base and 
recurved tip, much crisped and waved; two lateral, more 
ovate, obtuse, less crisped, all chocolate brown, with yellow 
tips. Petals rather smaller than the sepals, with shorter, 
broader claws, and narrower, much recurved or revolute, and 
more wrinkled laminae, bright yellow, with chocolate bars 
toward the base and claw. Lip not half the size of the petals, 
revolute, trulliform, auricled, shortly clawed, with a raised 
tubercled yellow fleshy crest towards the base, and a pro- 
minent acute tubercle on each auricle. Column with short 
rounded auricles on each side of the middle, and a small 
falcate obtuse ascending auricle on each side of the stigma.— 

v. I), II 



Fig. 1 , Flower with the sepals and petals removed; 2, pollen -.—both 
igmfied. 



magnified. 







Vincent)- 



Tab. 5981. 
xiphion tingitanum. 

Native of Marocco. 



Nat. Ord. Iridaceje. — Tribe Iride^e. 
Genus Xiphion, Tournef.; (Baker in Seem. Journ. Bot. 1871, p. 14.) 



Xiphion tingitanum ; bulbo ovoideo membranaceo-tunicato, caule firmo 
2-3-pedali rlexuoso folioso 2-3-floro, foliis distichis J-| poll, latis coni- 
plicatis dorso acutis subfalcatis caulem longe superantibus, spatlue 
valvis lanceolatis basin limbi attingentibus, pedicello ovario Bubeequi- 
lorigo, tubo periantliii ultra ovarium 1-jj pollicari, limbo hetissime 
purpureo-violaceo, segmentis exterioribus 3— 3J pollicaribus, lamina 
late ovato-rotundata erosa apice 2-fida medio disco plaga aurea notata, 
ungue subpandurifbrmi lamina duplo longiore, interioritms spathulato- 
oblanceolatiserectis exterioribus paulo brevioribus, stigmatis crista pro- 
funde biloba segmentis interioribus sequilonga et lata. 

Xiphion tingitanum, Baker in Seem. Journ. Bot. 1871, p. 13. 

Iris tingitana, Bom. et Eeut.-Pugill. PI. Afr. Bor. et Hisp. Austr. p. 113 
(1852). 



This magnificent Iris was discovered by Salzmann m 
meadows near Tangier, in 1825, and considered by mm to 
be Iris Xiphion, L. {Xiphion vutgare, Miller), from which it 
differs signally in the tube of the perianth being produced 
above the ovary, and in the broad leaves and much larger 
flower. It approaches much closer the J. flifdtvm Cl«>- 
nost. 5928), but that has also very narrow convolute leaves, 
a smaller paler flower with a deep azure border round the 
golden blotch of the outer segment. Tru FotOamem, Godron, 
a native of Oran, in Western Algiers, is another ally ot these ; 
it is referred to X. tingitaaum by Mr. Baker; it has iloueis 
as large as tingitanum, and leaves intermediate in breadth 
between those of that plant and XjUtfoHum, thus combining 
these species to a considerable extent, and presenting as lar 
as we can judge without living specimens, no very aeci.Mve 

AUGUST 1st, 1872. 



distinctive characters. If to these facts be added that the 
much damper climate of Marocco would probably favour 
breadth of leaf, it would not be surprising that all three were 
proved to be referable to one species. 

During my late visit to Marocco with Messrs. Bali and 
Maw, we first saw Iris tingitana on the dinner-table of His 
Excellency Sir J. Hay, at Tangier, where it was a most 
striking object. The specimens were from his garden, and 
we were informed that it was found wild not nearer than ten 
miles S.W. of Tangier, near Laraisch. Thither one of our 
party (Mr. Maw) made two excursions, the first one in vain, 
but the second with success. Specimens, both from this 
source and from Sir J. Hay's garden, were sent to Kew, 
which flowered in May of the present year. It is singular 
that Salzmann's locality of " meadows near Tangier" should 
never have been verified by subsequent collectors, nor be 
known to residents at Tangier, who were well acquainted 
with the plant. 

Descr. Bulb ovoid, coated with brown membranous scales. 
Stem two to three feet high, stout, firm, flexuous, leafy. 
Leaves exceeding the stem, often three-quarters of an inch 
broad at the base, tapering thence to a fine point, dis- 
tichous, complicate, keeled but hardly acute, smooth, bright 
green. Spathes lanceolate, bright green, not membranous, ex- 
ceeding the perianth-tube. Perianth four to five inches 
across, of a brilliant violet-purple ; outer segment with a sub- 
panduriform claw, traversed dorsally by a stout green midrib ; 
limb broadly ovate-orbicular, 2-toothed, serrate, disk with a 
raised oblong bright golden-yellow centre; inner segment 
oblanceolate-spathulate, erect, serrated, purple throughout. 
Crest of stigma 2-lobed, each lobe broadly semi-ovate, acumi- 
nate, serrate. — J. D. H. 



5981 







Vincent Broofcs.PayX 



Tab. 5982. 
MUNTINGIA Calabura. 

Native of Neio Grenada. 



Nat. Ord. TiLttCftfi. — Tribe Tiliej;. 
Genus Muntingia, Linn. ; (Benth. and Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. i. p. 236). 



Muntingia Calabura ; arbor parva, ramulis pedicellis foliisque subtu9 
molliter velutino-tomentosis pilosisque, pilis interdum glandulosis, 
foliis oblongo-lanceolatis acuminatis dentatis basi oblique cordatis supra 
puberulis subtus canis, petiolo brevi, stipulis angustis, pedicellis 1—2- 
pollicaribus, sepalis lanceolatis apice filiformibus, petalis obovatis 
sepala excedentibus, toro piloso, bacca globosa. 

Muntingia Calabura, Linn. Sp. PL n. 728. Jacq. Amer. Pict. t 107. 
Tubs. FL Antill. p. 4, t. 21. Deconrlitz FL Med. Antill. 5, t. 368. Gart. 
Fruct. l,t. 59. DC.Prodr. vol. i. p. 514. Griseb. FL Brit. W.Ind.y.98. 
Karst. FL Columb. vol. ii. p. 55, t. 128. 



A very common American tree or bush from Mexico and 
Jamaica, and through many of the West Indian Islands, to 
Trinidad, Venezuela, and Peru, inhabiting both dry hills 
and river banks. An infusion of its leaves is used as tea in 
Caraccas. In Jamaica Purdie found the bark stripped off 
the trees in quantities, and used (as he was told) by the 
Negroes in cases of difficult parturition, under the name of 
" Guasem." Dr. MTadyen, however, in his excellent, though 
fragmentary Flora of Jamaica, makes no allusion to this or 
any other use of the plant ; whence probably Purdie was in 
error, the bark being used, like that of many other Tihacea, 
as cordage, as is the case in St. Domingo, where the wood 
also is used for staves. 

Muntingia is a handsome stove plant, raised by I. Anderson 
Henry, Esq., from seeds sent by Dr. Jameson, of Quito, which 
flowered at Hay-lodge, Trinity, Edinburgh, in July, 1871. 
Karsten figures two supposed species of this genus, founded 

AUGUST 1st, 1872. 



on differences in their villosity and glandularness, and on the 
size and shape of the petals ; all characters far too variable 
for specific purposes. 

Descr. A small tree or bush, not exceeding thirty feet high, 
with spreading branches ; branchlets, leaves beneath, petioles, 
and peduncles clothed with soft tomentum, and hairs which 
are often glandular. Leaves distichous, shortly petioled, 
oblong-lanceolate, acuminate, rather irregularly serrate- 
toothed, slightly pubescent above, white and densely velvety- 
tomentose beneath, triple-nerved at the very obliquely cor- 
date base, of which the upper lobe is produced and rounded ; 
petioles a quarter to half an inch long. Stipules very slender, 
as long as the petioles, caducous. Flowers fascicled in the 
axils of the leaves, three-quarters to one and a quarter inches 
in diameter, white with yellow anthers ; peduncles much ex- 
ceeding the petioles. Sepals ovate- lanceolate, green, pubes- 
cent, ending in a setaceous soft point. Petals five to seven, 
longer than the sepals, broadly obovate, variable in breadth 
and length. Torus hairy. Stamens erect, filaments slender; 
anthers small, yellow. Ovary shortly stipitate, elliptic, con- 
tracted into a very short, stout style, 3-6-celled; stigma 
shortly conical, lobed ; ovules very minute, crowded upon 
pendulous placentas. Berry small, globose. Seeds minute, 
buried in pulp. — ,/. D. II 



Fig. 1, Torus and ovary ; 2, vertical and 3, transverse section of ovary; 4, 
young fruit : — all but fig. 4 magnified. 



Tab. 5983. 
lin aria maroccana. 

Native of Marocco. 



Nat. Ord. Scrophularine^.— Tribe Antirrhine^e. 
Genus Linaria, Linn. ; (Benth. in DC. Prod. vol. x. p. 265). 



aria (Lmariastrum) maroccana ; annua, erecta, ramosa, superne viscoso- 
pubescens, foliis in surculis verticillatia, caulinis sparais anguste Iineari- 
lanceolatia linearibusre aabacatia plants, racemis multifloris, pedicellis 
caljcem superantibus, sepalis anguste linearibus obtusjs, calcare elongato 
recto corollam laete purpuream pedicellunique longe superante, labia 
supenore erecto bipartite, lobis apice rotundatis, inf'eriore truncato 2-lobo 
obis parvis rotundatis intermedio minore, palato prominente 2-lobo 
aureo intus villoso, seminibus subcylindraceis transverse rugosis. 



The Spanish peninsula abounds in representatives of this ele- 
gant genus, many of which reappear on the plains and moun- 
tains of Marocco, whilst others are replaced by allied but very 
different species. This remark applies not only to the annual 
species like the present which chiefly affect the cultivated 
fields, but to the perennial, which affect, some the hedge- 
rows, others rocky river banks, and still others the lofty 
region of the great Atlas, which they ascend to 9000 and 
10,000 feet of elevation. During my excursion to that 
country with Messrs. Maw and Ball, we collected no less 
than twenty species of this genus, amongst which the subject 
°f the present plate was conspicuous in one district for its 
abundance and brilliant colour, adorning the cornfields in 
profusion in the province of Sectana, which skirts the 
greater Atlas in Lat. 31° N. L. maroccana belongs to a 
^rge section of the genus, and is closely allied to L. reticulata, 
-Desf., of Portugal and N. Marocco. The seeds brought home 
germinated freely and flowered in the Eoyal Gardens in June 
of the present year. 

AUGUST 1st, 1872. 



Descr. An erect annual, branched from the base, ten to 
eighteen inches high, slender, glabrous below, viscid-pubescent 
above. Leaves on the short primary shoots whorled, elliptic- 
lanceolate, on the stems and branches one to one and a half 
inches long, narrowly linear, rather broader towards the 
middle, subacute, 1 -nerved, pale green. Racemes very many- 
flowered, two to six inches long, much elongated in fruit; 
pedicels very slender, quarter to one inch long ; bracts narrow 
linear. Flower with the spur one and a half inches long. 
Sepals green, narrow-linear, obtuse, glandular, recurved. 
Corolla bright violet-purple, with a small yellow patch which 
is not streaked with purple, on the centre of the palate; 
upper lip erect, 2-lobed to below the middle, lobes rounded 
at the top; lower lip very short, broad, truncate, 3-lobed, 
lobes rounded, the middle one rather the smallest ; palate very 
prominent. 2-lobed, smooth, hairy within ; spur often half as 
long again as the flower or pedicel, slender, gradually narrowed 
to a very fine point, purple. Capsule one- fifth inch long, tur- 
gid, as long as the appressed persistent sepals, glabrous, cells 
opening by two terminal pores, at length 5-valved. Seeds 
subcylindric, obtuse at both ends, transversely furrowed. — 
/. D. II. 



Fig. 1, flower : — magnified. 



Tab. 5984. 
GAULTHERIA fragrantissima. 

Native of the Himalaya. 



Nat. Ord. Erice^e. — Tribe, Arbute.e. 
Genus Gaultheria, Linn. ; [DC. Prodr., vol. vii. p. 592). 



Gaultheria fragrantissima ; arbuscula, inflorescentia puberula ceterum 
glaberrima rarius foliis subtus sparse strigillosis, ramulis validis, foliia 
breviter petiolatis elliptico-ovatis oblongis lanceolatisve apice glanduloso 
apiculatis acuminatisve crenato-serrulatis subtus punctatis crasse 
coriaceis, racemis axillaribus strictis multifloris, floribus bracteatis et 
2-bracteolatis concavis acutis, sepalis ovatis acuminatis, corollas globosaa 
ore parvo, lobis parvis fere orbiculatis erecto-patulis, capsula calyce 
accrescente cyaneo inclusa. 

Gaultheria fragrantissima ; Wall, in Asiat. Researches, vol. xiii. p. 207, 1. 12 ; 
Cat. n. 765 ; Wight Ic. t. 1196 ; DC. Prodr. vol. vii. p. 593 ; Thwaites 
Enum. PI. Ceyl. p. 170. 

G. fragrans, Don Prodr. Fl. Nep. p. 151. 

G. Leschenaultii, DC. Prodr. vol. vii. p. 593 ; Wight Ic t. 1195 ; III. 1. 141 C. 

G. ovalifolia, Wall. Cat. n. 1523. 

Andromeda flexuosa, Moon Cat. Ceylon PL 

A. Katagherensis, Hook. Ic. PI. t. 246. 

Ledcothoe ? Katagherensis, DC. Prodr. vol. vii. p. 606. 



A charming and very fragrant shrub or small tree native 
of the mountains of India, from Nepal eastward to Bliotan in 
the Himalaya, between 5000 and 8000 feet; in the Khasia 
ranges at 5000 to 0000 ; in the Nilgherries, and on Adam s 
Peak in Ceylon ascending as high as 8000 feet. It is a 
bright evergreen, and is loaded in summer with white or 
rose-coloured blossoms, which are succeeded by beautiful blue- 
purple racemes of fruit. , 

G. fragrantissima is a greenhouse plant, and should prove a 
greater favourite than Cletltra arborea, which it somewnat 



AUGUST 1st, 1872. 



resembles in general effect, from its profuse flowering. The 
specimen here figured flowered with. I. A. Henry, Esq., in 
April, 1869, and was considerately communicated to us for 
figuring. 

Descr. A large bush or small tree, everywhere glabrous 
except the pubescent racemes, or in some Ceylon states 
having the under surface of the leaves sparsely covered with 
short stiff appressed bristles, occupying the position of the small 
brown dots that occur on all the forms of the plant. Branches 
stout, obtusely angled, shining. Leaves two and a half to 
three and a half inches long, sometimes two and a half 
inches broad, very variable in shape, elliptic, ovate, obovate 
or lanceolate, acute or acuminate, tip apiculate and glandular, 
margin obtusely serrulate, very coriaceous and reticulate ; 
nerves very obliquely arched; base acute, rounded or subcordate; 
petioles one-eighth to one-quarter inch long, stout. Bacemes 
axillary, strict, erect or inclined, shorter than the leaves, 
many-flowered, pubescent. Flowers secund^, drooping, shortly 
pedicelled ; bracts and bracteoles concave, acute. Calyx 5-fid 
to the middle j lobes ovate, acuminate, green. Corolla globose, 
or broadly ovoid, one-third of an inch long, white or pale 
pink ; mouth small ; lobes rounded. Filaments dilated, 
puberulous ; anther-cells with long forked recurved tips. 
Ovary 5-lobed, pubescent. Fruit a capsule, enclosed in the 
accrescent fleshy blue-purple calyx. — /. D. If. 



Fig. 1 , Flower, pedicel, and bracteoles ; 2, stamens ; 3, calyx and ovary : 
-all magnified. 



5985. 




W.Titch. dd.otltth 



Vincent Brooks. Dav iSa 



Tab. 5985. 
ZAMIOCULCAS Loddigesii. 

Native of East Tropical Africa. 



Nat. Ord. Aroide^e. — Tribe, Orontie^:. 
Genus Zamioculcas, Decne. in Bull. Soc. Bot. France, vol. xvii. p. 321. 



Zamioculcas Loddigesii ; foliis imparipinnatis, foliolis 6-8-jugis alterma 
elliptico v. obovato-lanceolatis acutis brevissime petiolulatis v. sessih- 
bus, nervis laxe reticularis, petiolo tereti basi clavato infra foliola 
nodoso-incrassato, scapo perbrevi, spathse tubo subgloboso lamina 
cymbiformi dorso infra apicem cornuta. 

Zamioculcas Loddigesii, Schott. Prodr. Syst. Avoid, p. 214 ; Decaisne in 
Bull. Soc. Bot. France, vol. xvii. p. 322. 

Caladium zamisfolium, Loddiges' Bot. Cabinet, t. 1408. 



Decaisne has well remarked of this most curious genus, in 
a letter addressed to the President of the Botanical Society 
of France, that it is not only singular in the family of plants 
to which it belongs, but in the whole class of Monocotyledons, 
in having a genuine pinnated leaf, with articulated caducous 
leaflets, as in various Dicotyledons. To this peculiarity may 
be added the singular clavate form of the base of the petiole, and 
the thickened false articulation, like that of a Maratha frond, 
about halfway between the lowest pinnule and base of the 
petiole. M. Decaisne describes the flowers in the lower half ot 
the spadix as female and of the upper as male ; in the plant 1 
find both stamens and pistils throughout the spadix, but the 
stamens appear perfect only on the lower half and the pistils on 
the upper; furthermore, whilst the pistils of the lower halt 
are flaggon-shaped, with a short style, and a basal anatropous 
or campylotropous ovule in each cell, those in the upper 
half having oblong ovaries, with sessile stigmas, sunk below 
*e tips of the perianth- segments (hence concealed), ana 

augdst 1st, 1872. 



ovules adnate almost throughout their length to the 
septum. 

The genus Zamioculcas is confined to eastern tropical Africa. 
Z. Loddigesii was introduced into the Horticultural Garden 
before 1828, probably by Forbes, and figured with a most 
imperfect description, by Loddiges, who supposed it to be 
a native of Brazil. Nothing more was known of it till it was 
introduced from Zanzibar into the Jardin des Plantes at 
Paris, where it flowered in 1869, and was subsequently de- 
scribed and published by M. Decaisne, together with another, 
also Zanzibar, species, Z. Boivinii, which exists in the Pans 
Herbarium and has bipinnate leaves. Our plants were re- 
ceived from that indefatigable naturalist Dr. Kirk, P.L.S., 
now H.B.M. V. -Consul at Zanzibar in 1870, and flowered 
in June, 1872. 

Rhizome short; horizontal, giving off large white sessile 
tubers, the size of a potato, from the crown of which proceed 
very stout fleshy simple fibres. Leaves all radical, springing 
from the axil of an ovate-lanceolate brown membranous sheath 
that soon withers ; petiole about two feet long, terete, clavate 
at the base, with a thickened false articulation some way below 
the leaflets, green, faintly marked with darker transverse bars; 
leaflets six to eight pairs, three to six inches long, alternate, de- 
ciduous, the uppermost sometimes appearing terminal, as if the 
leaf were imparipinnate, obovate- or elliptic-lanceolate, acute 
or acuminate, subsessile or shortly petioled, bright green and 
shining above, nerves laxly reticulated, pale beneath ; mid- 
rib stout. Scape very short, stout. Bpathe green, thick, 
lower part embracing the lower half of the spadix, blade 
about two inches long, boat shaped, with a dorsal horn below 
the apex. Spadix one and a half to two inches long, stout, 
cylindric, obtuse, constricted at the middle. Flowers most 
densely crowded. Terianth-segments cubical or cuneate, very 
thick, concave in front and closely embracing the pistil. 
Stamens with subclavate flattened filaments and minute 
anthers that burst by longitudinal slits. — /. J). II. 



Fig. 1, Plant -.—reduced ; 2, portion of ditto -.—natural size; 3, portion 
of petiole and leaflet; 4, spadix; 5. flower from lower part of the spadix; 
6, vertical section of young ditto ; 7, perianth, leaflet, and ovary of ditto; 
8, vertical section of female flower and perianth :— all magnified. 



5986 







Tab. 5986, 
TRECULIA AFRICANA. 

The " Okwa tree" of West Tropical Africa. 



Nat. Ord. Artocarpe2E. — Tribe, More,e. 
Genus, Treculia, Decne. ; {Trecul in Ann. Sc. Nat. s6r. 3, vol. viii. p. 108). 



Treculia africana ; glaberrima, ramulis validis, foliis breviter et crasse 
petiolatis oblongo-ovatis v. lanceolatis obtuse acuminatis integernmis 
crasse coriaceis supra nitidis basi acutis v. suboblique. cordatis, nervis 
validis, amento florifero globoso, bracteis orbiculatis crasse conaceia 
sufFulto breviter et crasse pedunculate 

Treculia africana, Decaisne in Trecul Monog. sur les Artocarpees in Ann. 
Sc. Nat. ser. 3, vol. viii. p. 109, t. 3, f. 86-90 ; Waif. Ann. vol. i. p. 658. 

Myriopeltis edulis, Welvntsch Mss. 

Aiiendoas de Disanha, Welwilsch, Synopse Explicativa, p. 54 (No. 142). 



A very singular West African tree, closely allied to 
Artocarpus (which includes the bread-fruit and jack -fruit ot 
tropical Asia), but differing in having three stamens instead 
of one, in the form of the perianth, in the embryo, and ac- 
cording to Trecul in the male and female flowers being mixed 
in the same head, which, however, is not the case m our 
specimen in which the heads are all male.* 

Treculia appears to inhabit the whole western coast ot 
tropical Africa, from Senegambia, where it was discovered by 
Heudelot, to Angola, whence it was brought byl)r. wei- 
witsch, who states in his Synopse Explicativa that the iruit is 
called " Amendoas de Disanha" by the Portuguese, and isa 
in the Island of St. Thomas. Specimens have also been sent Dy 
Dr. Kirk from the west shore of Lake Nyassa, gathered during 

* Trecul describes the genus as dioecious, no doubt a lapsus for tnon- 
*cious, as he proceeds to say that the male and female flowers are mixed 
same head. 

august 1st, 1872. 



Livingstone's expedition in 1861. The fruit is a foot or 
more in diameter, globose, and full of small elliptical nuts, 
with an eatable embryo, which are collected by the Negroes 
and ground into meal. Barter who also collected it during 
Baikie's Niger Expedition, describes it as a tree eighty 
feet high, ranging for thirty miles up the Niger river from 
its mouth, with fruits weighing eighteen to thirty pounds, 
full of seeds the size of a haricot bean. Dr. Welwitsch pre- 
sented this interesting plant to Kew, in 1864, where it 
flowered for the first time in September of last year, and 
where it has borne the Mss. name of Ficus Welwitschii, 
Miquel. 

Descr. A tree sixty to eighty feet high, everywhere 
glabrous. Branches very stout ; bark brown. Leaves alternate, 
very shortly petioled, thickly coriaceous, six to fourteen inches 
long, sometimes seven to eight inches broad, oblong-ovate 
or lanceolate, rather abruptly obtusely acuminate, base acute 
or more often cordate, sometimes obliquely, shining and 
polished above, opaque beneath; nerves and costa very stout; 
nervules strongly reticulate ; stipules one inch long, caducous. 
Flower-heads globose, shortly peduncled, two inches in dia- 
meter, all male in our plant, subtended by six to eight closely 
imbricating coriaceous orbicular green bracts ; composed of a 
mass of male flowers and stipitate bracteoles with broad 
peltate green discoid tips, all crowded in two or three series 
on a globose fleshy receptacle. Male perianth tubular, three- 
to four-cleft, lobes obtuse ciliated. Stamens three, exserted, 
filaments stout erect ; anthers shortly oblong. Female floicers 
not seen (perianth 3-leaved or 0, leaflets elongate, ciliate; 
ovary lenticular, style slender, stigmas two, subulate, hori- 
zontally spreading, papillose all over. Trecul). Fruiting -head 
one foot and more in diameter, with three to five irregular 
series of achenes buried in the circumference, each three 
quarters of an inch long, concealed amongst the remains of the 
perianth and bracteoles. Achenes crustaceous, smooth. Seed 
pendulous, exalbuminous. Cotyledons unequal, the larger 
recurved embracing the smaller ; radicle superior. — J. D- H- 



Fig. 1, Flowering head ; 2, flower and peltate bracteoles ; 3, top of stamen ; 
4, section of fruiting head ; 5, achenes :— all but 1 and & magnified. 



5387. 




TSncentBTOoksDi 



Tab. 5987. 
amomum melegueta, var. minor. 

Native of Western Tropical Africa. 



Nat. Ord. ZinziberacejE. — Tribe, Amoma. 
Genus, Amomum, Linn. ; (Endl. Gen. PL p. 223). 



Amomum melegueta ; caulibus gracilibus, foliis 4-6 pollicaribus anguste 
lineavi-elliptieis longe attenuato-acuminatis glaberrimis, ligula brevi, 
vagina gracili, scapo 1-floro, bracteis 6-10 sub-appressis oblongis cuapi- 
datis, perianth io exteriore spathaceo acuminato, interioris foliolo dorsali 
oblongo concavo obtuso, lateralibus e basi lanceolata angustis sensim 
acuminatis recurvis, labelli limbo amplo orbiculato margine eroso, 
lilamenti processubus lateralibus subulatis, anthers connectivo apice 
late subtriangulari integro dentato v. 2-rido, angulis lateralibus sub- 
ulatis, ovario glabro, staminodiis liberis elongatis angustis. 

Amomum melegueta, Roscoe Monand. Plants, t. 98 ; Pereira in Pharm. Journ. 
vol. vi. p. 412 ; Mat. Med. vol. ii. p. 1131, f. 235-241 ; Guibwrt Hist. 
Nat. des drogues simples, vol. ii. p. 222; Hook. f. in Kew Joum. Bot. 
vol. vi. p. 293. 

Vah. minor, omnibus partibus minor, bracteis appresse convolutis, labello 
orbiculato. Tab. nost. 5987- (an species diversa ?) 



Apparently a small form of the plant which produce? the 
famous Grains of Paradise of our shops, and perhaps the 
indigenous state of that plant, of which I have seen no other 
specimens identical with Eoscoe's figure, but what were cul- 
tivated in French Guiana and Demerara, which differ from 
this in the larger size, longer leaves, more robust scape, 
larger looser bracts, larger flowers, and more obovate Lip. 
The fruit, which I have received from Sierra Leone, but not 
with the plant here figured, is fleshy, very variable in form 
and size, hall-clothed with the upper bracts, more or less 
ellipsoid or ovoid, glabrous, with fleshy pulp, and the seeds 
are one-sixth of an inch long, aromatic and pungent, with a 
shining rather rough testa, and usually a conical areole at the 
hilum. 



SEPTEMBER 1st, 1872. 



The only other single-flowered species of the genus is A. 
annidinaceum, Oliver and Hanbury (Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. 
yni. p. 109), which agrees with this in size and the orbicular 
hp, but has a more slender scape and a very different fruit 
and seed from A. melegueta. 

The Grains of Paradise are imported from all parts of 
Western tropical Africa, from Sierra Leone to the Congo, but 
whether from wild or cultivated plants is not known. The 
specimen here figured was sent, in 1869, from Sierra Leone 
by M. Bockstadt, an excellent correspondent of the Boyal 
Gardens, and flowered in May of the present year. 

Bescr. Root-stocks creeping. Leaf// stems one to two feet 
high, slender. Leaves four to six inches long, spreading, 
distichous, narrowly elliptic-lanceolate, one inch broad, 
rounded or subacute at the sessile base ; ligule very short, 
obtuse ; sheath slender. Scape radical, two to three inches 
Jong, curved, terete, densely clothed with imbricate appressed 
convolute oblong cuspidate bracts, which are coriaceous and 
dull green with red margins and tips. Floicer solitary, 
two to three inches long, very pale pink suffused with 
yellow towards the centre. Outer perianth spathaceous, 
acuminate ; inner with the dorsal segment boat-shaped, 
suberect, obtuse ; lateral segments elongate-subulate from a 
lanceolate base, recurved; lip oblong with an orbicular erose 
horizontal blade two inches in diameter. Filaments with the 
lateral processes erect, subulate ; anther with a triangular 
terminal lobe, entire erose or 2-fid at the tip, the lateral 
angles acute. Staminodes erect, free, linear, truncate. Stig- 
matte lobes small. — /. J). H. 



stvfe g " Li T ° f /7 ianth > anlher > and style ; 2, staminodes and base of 
style . — ootli rti'jgmjitd. 




■WhtcWetkh 



Tab. 5988. 

MONANTHES muralis. 

Native of Morocco and the Canaries. 



Nat. Ord. CrassulacejE. 
Genus, Monanthes, Haw. ; (Benth. and Hook. f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 660). 



Monanthes muralis ; humilis, perennis, fruticulosa, ramis confertia v. e colb 
diffusis, nudis apicibus adscendentibus dense foliosia succulentis, folua \ 
poll, longis spathulato-obovoideis crasse carnosis subsessilibus glabns 
sordide viridibus inferioribus purpureo variegatis, peduncuhs subter- 
minalibus 1-pollicaribus 3-6-floris glanduloso-pubescentibus, flonbus 
6-meris, pedicellis glandulosis, calycis tubo late hemisphenco segment* 
acutis, petalis ovato-acuminatis aureis dorao sub apice rubro-pimctatis, 
filamentia calycem subsquantibus, antheris rubris, squamis renu u, 
lamina spathulata crassiuscula emarginata flavis, carpelbs senii-ovoideis 
viridibus apicibus rubris in stylum brevem subulatum attenuate. 

Pk rnoPHYEs muralis, Webb. mss. Walp. Ann. vol. vii. p. 931. 



The genus Monanthes (or Petrophyes of Webb), consists oi 
six species, all natives of the Canary Islands, and supposed 
to be confined to that singular group, till one of these, tne 
present species, was discovered in the Greater Atlas try my 
fellow traveller, Mr. Ball, F.B.S., growing on moist rocks at 
7000 to 8000 feet elevation on Mount Tezi, south-west oi 
the city of Marocco. As tar as I can discover, the ^rocain 
is identical with the Canarian form, though had 1 the latter 
alive to compare it with, differences would no doubt, be 
observable ; in the colour, and perhaps in the form of some oi 
the organs <-, 

Monanthes is perhaps, too, closely allied to fempef^m 
differing in the much more developed scales oppose 
the carpels, and in the somewhat peculiar habit. 
%ure is taken from Mount Atlas specimens, broug u ■ > 
myself in June, 1871, which flowered in the Royal Wardens 

SEPTEMBER 1ST, 1872. 



in April of the present year. In the Canary Islands this 
species has been found in the Isles of Ferro and Tenerine, 
usually on walls but sometimes on rocks. 

Descr. A small tufted nearly glabrous shining succulent 
perennial. Stems branched from the base j branches prostrate, 
one to three inches long, cylindric, naked below, bearing a 
densely imbricate rosette of twenty to thirty leaves towards the 
apex. Leaves about one-sixth of an inch long, subsessile,spathu- 
late, quite entire, obtuse or emarginate or retuse, succulent, dark 
green and shining. Flowers subsolitary and in short few- 
flowered subterminal peduncled glandular cymes, a quarter 
to one-third of an inch in diameter, shortly pedicelled. 
Calyx-tabe broadly hemispherical; lobes six, triangular- 
ovate, acute. Petals six, elliptic -ovate, acuminate, golden 
yellow, speckled with red on the back beneath the tip, 
which is keeled, twice as long as the calyx, recurved. Sta- 
mens twelve, filaments dilated; anthers dark-red. Scales 
spathulate, fleshy, yellow, limb recurved, notched. Carpels 
semi-ovoid, turgid at the base, narrowed into short slender 
red erect styles. Ovules three to four in each carpel, 
ascending from the ventral suture near the base. — /. D- H. 



Fig. 1, Portion of stem and leaf; 2, flower; 3, ditto open ; 4, base of 
calyx, scales, and carpels; 5, petal; 6, stamen; 7, scale and transverse 
section of carpel ; 8, vertical section of carpel : — all magnified. 







IbeBtBl 



Tab. 5989. 

BRODIiEA MULTIFLORA. 

Native of California. 



Nat. Ord. Liliace^. — Tribe, Milled. 
Genus, Brodi.<ea, Smith; (Baker in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xi. p. 375). 



Bbodlka multiflora ; bulbo fibroso-tunicato 1-poll. diametro, foliis scapuni 
superantibus lineari-elongatis 1-2-pedalibus ^ poll, latis carnosuhs 
subacutis supra concavis subtus convexis, scapo gracili fragih. bracteis 
plurimis ovato-lanceolatis acuminatis, floribus subcapitatis sessihbus y. 
pedicellatis, perianthio |-f poll, longo cajruleo, tubo ventricoso, lobis 
tubo subbrevioribus oblongis apice obtusis subincurvis, staminodua 
brevibus latis obtusis, antheris sessilibus 2-cuspidatis, ovano sessili, 
seniinibus loculis paucis oblongis. 

Brodi^a multiflora, Benth. PI. Hartweg, p. 339 ; Baker in Journ. Linn. 
Soc. vol. xi. p. 377. 

B. parviflora, Torr. and Gray, Bot. Pad/. Railw. Exped. p. 125; Wood in 
Proc. Acad. Philad. 1867, p. 172. 



A charming Californian bulb, discovered by Hartweg in 

1848, and more recently gathered by Fremont -bridges, 
Lobb, and various other collectors in the Sacramento valley, 
Utah, and elsewhere. It belongs to the section habrodim 
of the genus, as reformed by Baker, which genus now 
includes five species, all natives of America west ot tm 
Rocky Mountains. Of these B. grandljiora is figured in tnw 
work at Tab. 2877 ; and the beautiful B. cocmea at 
Tab. 5857. For the opportunity of figuring B ^ hra ^ 
am indebted to YV. Wilson Saunders, Esq., *-^ & " 
flowered it in May of the present year, from bulbs commu- 
nicated by Max Leichtlin, of Carlsruhe. 

Descr Bulb one inch in diameter, depressed-globos^ 
clothed with a finely reticulated coat. Leaves few, one to 
two feet long, one-sixth to one-third of an inch broad, 



SEPTEMBER 1st, 1872. 



rather fleshy, bright green, acute, concave in front, convex 
at the back. Scape shorter than the leaves, slender, fistular, 
brittle, quite smooth. Bracts six or eight, shorter than the 
flowers, membranous, ovate-lanceolate, acuminate. Flowers 
in a subglobose head, crowded, subsessile or on pedicels one- 
sixth to half an inch long. Perianth bright blue; tube 
ventricose and obscurely lobed, half an inch long ; lobes 
rather shorter than the tube, oblong, subacute, tips slightly 
incurved, spreading, nearly flat. Staminodes short, erect, 
broadly triangular-ovate, obtuse. Anthers sessile, oblong, 
2-cuspidate. Ovary elliptic, sessile ; style included, stigma 
3-lobed; ovules numerous, 2-seriate in each cell. Capsule 
elliptic-oblong, enclosed in the membranous perianth-tube. 
Seeds few in each cell, linear-oblong.— /. D. H. 



Pig. 1, Flower ; 2, perianth laid open; 3, ovary ; 4, transverse section of 
ditto : — all maaniHed. 




5990 



Vincent Brooks Bay & Saiimp 



Tab. 5990, 
MASDEVALLIA Lindeni. 

Native of Central America. 



Nat. Ord. Orchide^:. — Tribe, Pleurotuallidf.jE. 

Genus, Masdevallia, Ruiz and Povon ; (Lindl. Gen. and Sp. Orchid. 

p. 192). 



Masdevallia Lindeni; caulibus fasciculatis, foliis longe petiolatis crasse 
coriaceis angnste obovato-spathulatis enervibus retusis in petiolum 
antice profunde sulcatum longe attenuatis coriaceis, scapis gracilibus 
folio longioribus flexuosis, floribus decurvis, sepalis sanguineis inferne 
in tubum subcylindricum decurvum stramineum basi Eequabile connatis, 
dorsale e basi triangulari elongato-subulato reflexo erecto lateralibus 
maximis semi-ovatis attenuato-acuminatis, petalis parvis lineari-oblongis 
emarginatis basi uno latere auriculatis, labello unguiculato linguaeforme 
basi cordato integerrimo, columna exalata, androclinio integerrirao. 

Masdevallta Lindeni, Andre in TUust. ITortic. vol. xvii. p. 226, mm Ic. 



This is another of that remarkable group of Masdevallia* 
which have attracted so much attention amongst botanists 
and horticulturists of late, from the singular form and 
colouring of their sepals, and of which M. Veitchiana 
Reichb. f. (Tab. nost. 5739) and M. ignea (Tab. nost. 5962) 
are examples. All these present a wonderful similarity in the 
form and structure of the petals, lip, and column, which are 
concealed in the tube of the perianth, and appear as if 
reduced in size and suppressed as to function in favour of 
the three outer sepals, which, by their gorgeous colouring, 
if not by their form also, no doubt attract insects to fecun- 
date the species by cross fertilization. Of this type many 
jaore species have yet to be imported, especially from New 
Grenada. Altogether upwards of fifty species of this sin- 
gular genus exist in our Herbaria at Kew, the genus 
extending from Cuba and Mexico to Rio de Janeiro. 

8KTEMBER 1st, 1872. 



M. Lindeni was flowered at the Grlasnevin Gardens by 
I>r. Moore, F.L.S., who obligingly transmitted it for figuring, 
in June of the present year. It was supposed to have been 
received by him amongst a batch of Central American 
Orchids, collected by Eoezel ; but Andre states that it was 
introduced by Gr. Wallis from New Grenada in 1669. 

Descr. Stems tufted. Leaves six to ten inches long; 
petiole three to four inches long, stout, deeply grooved in 
front with a single long basal sheath ; blade nerveless or ob- 
scurely nerved, narrow, obovate, retuse, narrowed and acutely 
channelled at the base, very dark green, thickly coriaceous, 
keeled at the back. Scape one foot long and upwards, 
flexuous, with three or four distant appressed sheaths an 
inch long, green variegated with dull red j upper sheath or 
bract distant from the flower. Flower three inches long. 
Ovary short, straight, deeply grooved. Perianth blood-red ; 
sepals connate below into a decurved yellow tube, which is 
rounded and hardly gibbous at the base ; dorsal sepal very 
long, almost filiform from a triangular base, recurved, sub- 
erect, rlexuous ; lateral sepals connate to below the middle, 
deflexed, semi-ovate, tapering to the acute approximate tips. 
Petals linear-oblong, retuse, auricled in front at the base. 
Lip linguiform, nearly as long as the column, base cordate. 
Column not winged, quite entire.— J. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Flower with the sepals removed; 2, column and lip; 3, column; 
4, hp : — all magnified. 



59&1 










Tab. 5991. 
salvia taraxacifolia. 

Native of the Greater Atlas. 



Nat. Ord. Labiate — Tribe, Monarde^e. 
Genus, Salvia, Linn. ; (Benth. in DC. Prodr. vol. xii. p. 262). 



Salvia (Eusphace) taraxacifolia ; caule e basi adscendente erecto mferne 
foliisque subtus albo-lanatis superne simplici acute 4-gono piloso, foJiw 
pinnatifido-lobatis v. pinnatisectis lobis lateralibus parvis varus termi- 
nali magno ovato obtuso v. cuspidato sinuato-dentato, florahbus parvis 
sessilibus ovatis concavis, racemis siraplicibus, verticillastns multinoris, 
floribus breviter pedicellatis v. subsessilibus, calycibus oblongis cylin 
draceo-campanulatis tomentosis et pilosis, dentihus triangulan ovatis 
longe rigide setaceo-acuminatis fere rectis, corolla calyce subduplo 
longiore, tubo inflato glabro, intus basi annulo piloso, labio superiore 
breviusculo compresso dorso villoso, labio infenore tnlobo, lobw 
brevibus lateralibus deflexis intermedio quadrato 2-lobo, coanectivo 
arcuato antice porrecto apice anthera castrata aucto. 

Salvia taraxacifolia ; Cosson mss. 



A native of the lower slopes of the Greater Atlas, where it 
was discovered by the botanical traveller M. Balansa during 
Ms adventurous journey from Mogador to Marocco in lb07, 
and whose collections, now in the possession of M. Cosson oj 
Paris, have not yet been published. It was again collected 
by Messrs. Maw, Ball, and myself in 1871, growing on 
rocks and shingle in beds of rivers along the base oi tue 
Greater Atlas, at elevations of 2000 to 3000 feet, sometimes 
forming broad patches, and presenting a very beautuui 
appearance. , 

Salvia taraxacifolia belongs to the first section of the genus 
[Eusphace), to which the gigantic S. interrupta of Marocco also 
belongs, but it is not very closely allied to any ot its con- 

* See « Bulletin de la Societe de Geographie de Paris" (April, 1868). 

SEPTEMBER ] ST, 1872. 



geners. It is a very ornamental rock-work plant, but pro- 
bably requires protection in the winter of this country. It 
was flowered from our specimens simultaneously (in July) by 
Mr. Maw at Brosely, Mr. Niven at the Hull Botanic Gardens, 
and in the Eoyal Gardens, Kew ; Mr. Niven's being con- 
siderably the finest specimen. 

Descr. Root-stock woody, branched, perennial. Stems nu- 
merous from the stock, ascending, then erect, six to eighteen 
inches high, robust, quite simple, 4-angled, clothed below 
with soft snowy cotton, above with lax soft spreading hairs. 
Leaves two to four inches long, pinnatisect, sessile or petioled; 
lower lobes few or many, broad or narrow, close-set or dis- 
tant ; terminal one to one and a half inches long, ovate, 
obtuse or cuspidate, irregularly sinuate-toothed; all clothed 
below with snow-white cottony tomentum, softly tomentose 

nrTV 3 ? ral Sessile ' ovate > Estate, shorter than the flowers. 
Whorls -(false) 6-1 0-flowered. Mowers very shortly pedicelled. 
i^alyx half an inch long, tubular-campanulate, tube densely 
appressed tomentose and clothed with spreading hairs; lips 
nearly straight, upper 3- lower 2-lobed; lobes triangular- 
ovate subulate- anstate, nearly straight, rigid, veined, upper 
slightly up-curved. Corolla nearly twice as long as the calyx ; 
pale pink with a yellowish disk to the lower lip, and purple 
speckled prominent pilose palate ; tube ventricose, villous 
Zf th X and on toe short galeate compressed upper lip ; 
ana with a ring of brown hairs near the base within; lower 
up deilexed 3-lobed; lateral lobes small, decurved; mid- 
iooe quadrate, 2-lobed. Connective arcuate, lower arm pro- 
jecting, terminated by a deformed adnate empty anther-cell. 
Mytc-arms subulate.-— J. J). H. 

all magn'iji™ * '' ^ ° al ^ x ' st y le , and stigma ; 3, top of filament and anther :— 




"Vincent r: 



Tab. 5992. 
LACHENALIA tricolor, var. aurea. 

Native of South Africa. 



Nat. Ord. Liliace^e. — Tribe, Hyacinthej:. 
Genus, Lachenalia, Jacq. • {Baker in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xi. p. 401). 



Lachenalia (Eulachenalia) tricolor ; foliis binis 6-9 pollicaribus |-J poll, 
latis lineari-oblongis loratisve subacutis berbaceis concoloribus v. 
maculatis, scapo foliis longiore, racemo stricto 6-18-fIoro, floribus laxis, 
bracteis parvis deltoideis, pedicellis inferioribus |-^ poll, longis, peri- 
anthio f-1 poll, longo sequali tubuloso basi gibbo, foliolis exterioribus 
in tubum connatis dorso infra apicem obtusum gibbis, interioribus 
exterioribus duplo longioribus e basi lineari-spathulatis staminibus 
inclusis. 

Lachenalia tricolor, Thunb. Flor. Cap. Prod. p. 64 ; Flor. Cap. p. 327 ; 

Sot. Mag. t. 82 ; Redoute Lit. t. 5s ; Kunth. Enum. vol. iv. p. 290 ; 

Baker in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xi. p. 404. 
L. quadricolor, Jacq. Ic. t. 396 ; Andr. Bot. Bep. t. 148; Bat. Mag. t. 1704. 
L. luteola, Jacq. Ic. t. 395 ; Redoute Lil. t. 297. 
Phormium aloides, Linn. Suppl. p. 205. 
Var. aurea; foliis maculatis, scapo gracili rubro purpureo-variegato, 

floribus aureis cereaceis. L. aurea, Lindl. in Gard. Chron. 1856, p. 404, 

et 1872, p. 290, Ic. n. 109. 



-f singularly graceful and bright-coloured plant, well de- 
scribed in the Florist and Pomologist, whence an extract is 
given in the Gardeners Chronicle, signalling Mr. Barron's 
Access in cultivating this and other species of this lovely 
genus. L. tricolor, according to Mr. Baker's determination, 
is a very variable plant, and includes as forms L. quadricolor, 
*• hteola, Jacq., and L. aurea, Lindl., of which the last, that 
now figured, is by far the most elegant, and is further re- 
markable for its bright colour and the waxy texture of its 
nower. It flowered in the Eoyal Gardens in March of the 
present year from bulbs. 

SEPTEMBER 1st, 1872. 



Upwards of thirty species of Lachenalia are described in 
Mr. Baker's enumeration, of which fifteen have been intro- 
duced into European gardens. 

Descr. Bulb spherical. Leaves twin at the base of the 
scape ; sheath long or short ; blade recurved, six to twelve 
inches long, one to two and a half inches broad, subacute, 
dark green, uniformly coloured, or speckled or spotted with 
darker spots. Scape six to ten inches high, reddish, varie- 
gated with darker red or purple. Raceme 10-1 8 -flowered, 
slender, long, erect, bracts small, deltoid-subulate; pedicels one 
quarter to one-third inch long, slender. Perianth golden yellow, 
waxy, one inch long, tubular ; base rounded, rather gibbous ; 
outer segments connate to or below the middle, obtuse, with 
a gibbous dorsal boss below the tip ; inner almost twice as 
long as the outer, pale yellow, spathulate, slightly spreading, 
tip rounded or obtuse. Stamens included, nearly as long as 
the outer perianth segments. Ovary oblong, 3-lobed, style 
very slender, stigma simple. — /. B. H. 



Fig. 1, Pistil : — magnified. 



59&* 




WT-W-i.del et, Litli. 



IfeicaitiBroaks Day£ . c >nu hup 



Tab. 5993, 
ODONTOGLOSSUM parbinvm. 

Native of Equador. 



Nat. Ord. Oechide^;. — Tribe Vaxdejs. 
Genus Odontoglossum, H. B. & R. ; {Lindl Fol. Orchid. Odonloglossum). 



Odgntoglossum (Isantliium) pardinum ; pseudobulbis 2-3-pollicaribus ovatis 
compressis, foliis 6-8-polIicaribus anguste lineari-oblongis acutis, pani- 
cula ampla multiflora foliis longiore laxe ramosa, bracteis cucullatis 
acuminatis, floribus aureis maculis paucis aurantiacis ocellatis, Bepalifl 
lanceolatis acuminatis, petalis paulo latioribus ovato-lanceolatis acumi- 
natis undulatis, labello breviter unguiculato subpanduritbrmi acuto, 
cristas lamellis lateralibus argute dentatis spina erecta anteposita, inter- 
media tumida, columna aptera. 

Odo^toglossdm pardinum, Lindl. in Sert. Orchid. Sub. t. 25 ; Fol. Orchid. 
No. 49. Walp. Rep., vol, vi. p. 841. 



An inhabitant of the Andes of Equador, where it was dis- 
covered by the veteran botanical explorer of that region, Dr. 
Jameson, late Professor of Botany and Chemistry in the 
University of Quito, who, after a residence of nearly fifty 
years at an elevation of 10,000 feet above the level of the 
sea, is now returned upon a brief visit to his native country. 
Dr. Jameson having finally left Quito, took sea to Valparaiso 
and thence crossed the Andes to the Argentine Republic, 
where he was attached to the University of San Juan for 
a short period, and collected many of the curious plants of 
that dry region, of which very little is known botanical ly 
since Gillies collected there half a century ago. From 
thence Dr. Jameson crossed the plains oH La Plata to Monte 
Video, whence he sailed for England, which he will shortly 
leave to return to Valparaiso. 

Odonioglossum pardinum belongs to a section that contains 
many very closely allied species, and which abounds in New 

octobek 1st, 1872. 



Granada, Peru, and Equador. The fine specimen here figured 
flowered in the nurseries of Messrs. Backhouse of York, in 
December, 1867. 

Descr. Pseudobulbs two to three inches long, ovate, com- 
pressed, green, smooth. Leaves six to eight inches long by 
one to one and a quarter broad, narrow elliptic-oblong, acute, 
keeled, narrowed at the base, bright green. Panicle two to 
three feet long, broad, branched, spreading largely, many- 
flowered. Bracts half an inch long, boat-shaped, acuminate, 
membranous. Flowers two inches in diameter, pale golden 
yellow, with a few orange-red ocellated spots on the petals 
and lip. Sepals spreading, lanceolate, acuminate, slightly 
undulated. Petals rather shorter and broader, incurved, 
ovate at the base, much undulated. Lip shortly clawed, 
oblong panduriform, acute, sides entire. Crest of two lateral 
wings, with an erect spine in point of the distal end of each ; 
intermediate ridges tumid, smooth. Column not winged, 
rather short, smooth.—/. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Front view of lip and column j 2, side view of d'tto -.^magnified. 



5994. 




■VkcenLBrooleB^^SaB^P 



Tab. 5994 
CIENKOWSKIA Kiekil 

Native of Eastern Tropical Africa. 



Nat. Ord. Scitamine.e.— Tribe Zinziber^. 

Genus Cienkowskia, Solms Laubach ; (Schweinfurth Beitrag Flor. JEthiop., 

p. 197, t. 1). 



Cienkowskia KirEi; foliis 3-5 distichis elliptico-ovatis acuminata suberectis 
floribus coetaneis, scapo gracili adscendente vaginato multifloro, spatnis 
^-pollicaribuscymbiformibus subacutis, ovario glabra, perianthio externo 
brevi ovario subfequilongo infundibulari-campanulato truncatomargine 
eroso 3-corniculato, petalis 3 exterioribus oblongo-lanceolatis acutis 
concavis antheram vix superantibus, interioribus in labellum amplum 
3-lobum connatis, lobo intermedio latiore emarginato, connective in 
laminam late oblongam apice obtusam recurvam producto, stammodus 
parvis conicis obtusis. 



The genus Cienkoivskia was established by Solmes Laubach 
(Sitzungsbericht der Ges. naturf. Freunde, July, ,1863) on a 
Zinziberaceous plant of Abyssinia, which diners irom 
Kcempferia in the inner perianth lobes being united so as to 
form one 3-lobed lip, split to the base posteriorly. J ins 
character appears to be overlooked in Solmes Laubach s 
description of the genus quoted above (in Schwemiurth s 
Beitrag), which disagrees in no respect from the character oi 
Kcempferia; it is however accurately pourtrayed in tne 
figure of the original species, C. Mhiopica, given in the same 
work. A third staminode is, according to this hgure, em- 
bedded in the summit of the ovary, half way between the 
top of the cells and insertion of the outer i per lanth ; t h Ki 
regret to say was not searched for in the plant here hgurea, 
but I find it in a careful drawing of another species, made 
during Livingstone's second expedition by Dr. **«; 

The genu! Cienkowskia extends from Natal to Abjss 
and Nubia, and across the continent to the Niger river and 

OCTOBER 1st, 1872. 



Senegambia, and there appear to be several species, some of 
which flower with the leaves, others not. M. Gerard, the 
discoverer of the Natal species, describes the flowers as uni- 
sexual. Our drawing was taken from living plants sent by 
Dr. Kirk from the coast opposite Zanzibar, in 1871, and 
which flowered in the Koyal Gardens in May of this year. 

Descr. Boots of tuberous fibres emitted from a fleshy stock. 
Stem short, three to four inches high, formed of the sheathing 
petioles of the leaves, surrounded by a few erect green acute 
sheaths. Leaves distichous, six to eight inches long by three 
to three and a half broad, elliptic or ovate-lanceolate, acumi- 
nate, with eight to ten oblique nerves, and narrow translucent 
margins, deep, green above, paler beneath. Scape three to 
four inches long, appearing with the leaves, slender, erect, 
with two to three long subacute tubular green sheaths, and 
a many-flowered conical inflorescence of boat-shaped green 
bracts half an inch long. Flowers two to two and a half 
inches across the lip. Outer perianth tubular-campanulate, 
truncate, with three remote teeth. Inner perianth 2-seriate, 
three outer petals oblong-lanceolate, acute, subequal, connate 
into a short tube at the base, white j three inner connate into 
a broad rounded expanded 3-lobed lip, split to the base next 
the axis, connate below to the filament, pale rose-purple, with 
a bifid golden spot opposite the anther, mid-lobe notched. 
Filament short, broad ; connective expanded and tumid, very 
much broader than the anther-cells, and produced above into 
an oblong recurved membrane, rounded at the tip. Ovary 
glabrous, crowned by two small conical obtuse staminodes. 
Style very slender, stigma flabellate— /. D. II 



Fig. 1, Flower with lip removed; 2, ovary, staminodes, and base of 
Vie : — both mnanifoA J 



style : — both magnified. 



5985 




ch.delotkh 



"Vmcsat'HrookC-grS SauWi 



Tab. 5995. 
LITANTHUS pusillus. 

Native of South Africa. 



Nat. Ord. Liliace^:. — Tribe Allied. 
Genus Litanthus, Harv. ; {Harv. Gen. S. Afric. Plants, ed. 2, p. 399). 



Litanthus pusillus ; perpusillus, bulbo spherico albo, foliis 2-nis 2-4-polli- 
canbus filiformibus obtusis superne concavis dorso convexis, basi vagi- 
natis, vaginis membranaceis, scapis a bulbis aphyUis egredientibus foliis 
brevioribus capillaceis 1-2-floris, bracteis 2-nis minutis oblongis pel- 
tatis membranaceo-marginatis, floribus nutantibus albidis, pedicello 
curvo, perianthio cylindraceo-campanulato breviter 6-lobo deciduo lobis 
rotundatis, antheris inclusis connectivo apice producto 2-dentato, ovario 
sessili, stylo simplici, stigmate truncato, capsula subglobosa. 

Litanthus pusillus, Harv. in Hook. Lond. Journ. Bot. (1844) vol. iii. 
P- 314, t. 9. Gen. S. Afric. Plants, ed. 2, p. 399. 



Perhaps the smallest known Liliaceous plant, with leaves 
like green threads and pearly- white nodding flowers, always 
arising from leafless bulbs, whence probably the bulbs bear 
leaves and flowers in alternate years. It was discovered in 
1843, by Zeyher, amongst rushes in thickets, near the 
^wartkops river, Uitenhage ; and later in Caffraria by H. 
£owker and Mrs. Barber.^ Our specimens were received, in 
1870, from Mr. Harry Bolus, an excellent South African 
botanist; they were planted in light soil and placed in a 
warm house, where they flowered freely in August of the 
present year. 

Descr. Bulb the size of a hazel-nut, white, coats very fleshy, 
With a few slender fibres at the very base, and at the top either 
a pair of leaves or a solitary scape, in either case sheathed at 
the base with a few appressed convolute tubular membranous 
brown scales, those of the scape very short, of the leaves 
Io nger. Leaves two to four inches long, in pairs, erect, iili- 

october 1st, 1872. 



form, deep green, obtuse, concave in front, convex on the 
back. Scape solitary, always from a leafless bulb, capillary, 
about half the length of the leaves, erect, rather rigid. 
Flowers one or two, one-sixth to a quarter of an inch long, 
solitary or twin, nodding or drooping; bracts two, very 
minute, elliptic, peltate, green with broad white membranous 
margins. Perianth cylindric, campanulate, white with a 
green streak down the back of each lobe; lobes six, almost 
orbicular. Stamens inserted on the throat of the corolla ; 
filaments very short, dorsifixed ; anthers erect, linear- 
oblong ; cells parallel, introrse, bright yellow j connective pro- 
duced, 2-toothed at the apex. Ovary sessile, 3-lobed; style 
short, straight, broader upwards, included, stigma truncate ; 
ovules several, 2-seriate in each cell. Capsule suberect, 
subglobose, loculicidally 3-valved, several- seeded.—/. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Apex of leaf; 2, top of scape, bracts and flowers ; 3, perianth cut 
open ; 4 and 5, back and front view of stamens ; 6, transverse section of 
ovary ; 7, capsule :— all magnified. 



'>996 







Tab. 5996. 
PELARGONIUM oblongatum. 

Native of South Africa. 



Nat. Ord. Geraniace^e. — Tribe Pelargonie^:. 
Genua Pelargonium, ISher. ; (Benth. and Hoolc.f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 273). 



Pelargonium (Hoarea) oblongatum ; caudice erecto tuberoso fusiformi brun- 
neo, apice stipulis lanceolato-subulatis stelJatim patentibus coronato, 
foliis prsecocibus coriaceis glabris longe v. breviter petiolatis, petiolia 
glabris, late ovatis obtusis integris margine lobulato subdentato v. pinnato- 
multifidis, scapis crasaiusculia ramosis calycibusque patentim pilosis, 
bracteis radiantibus subulato-lanceolatis, calycis tubo 1-3-pollican 
gracili, limbo lobis oblongo-lanceolatia acutis, petalis flavia supenori- 
bus longe unguiculatis spathulatis purpureo venosia, cteteria minonbua 
anguste obovato-spatliulatia enerviia, staminibus 5 declinatis. 

Pelargonium oblongatum, E. Meyer in Herb. Drege ; Harv. and Sond. Ft. 
Cap., vol. i. p. 263. 

A very singular species, belonging to a desert form of the 
genus, remarkable for the thick erect fleshy root-stock, which 
stands a few inches above the ground, and bears leaves before 
the flowers appear. The curious root-stocks of this tribe 
appear to have the power of throwing off thick layers of the 
outer bark from the upper part. The calyx-tube is 
much longer than the limb, and being very slender 
and adnatetothe slender pedicel to its base, it is apt to 
escape observation. The length and comparative breadth 
of the sepals and petals varies much. 

P. oblongatum is a native of the dry district of f amaqua- 
Land, where it was discovered by Burchell in lb!4, ana 
afterwards gathered by Drege, in whose collection it was 
named by E. Meyer, but not described till taken up , by 
Harvey in the Flora Capensis in 1860. A plant of it flowered 
with Mr. Wilson Saunders, atEeigate, in Ju y of the present 
year, which was gent from Namaqua-Land by Mr. W . & KucKer, 

OCTOBER 1st, 1872. 



that here figured flowered with the late Walter Beck of Isle- 
worth, a zealous and accomplished horticulturist and most 
estimable man, whose recent decease is mourned by a large 
circle of naturalists. In both cases the leaves appeared some 
weeks before the flowers. 

Descr. Boot-stock the size of a small carrot, base buried, 
erect, rich brown in colour, with flaking bark, crowned with a 
whorl of lanceolate-subulate spreading stipules a quarter to 
half an inch long. Leaves glabrous, fleshy, on long or short 
petioles, broadly ovate, obtuse or subacute, pale green, paler 
below, margins lobulate and obscurely irregularly toothed, 
sometimes multifid ; petiole long or short. Scapes one or 
two, dichotomously branched, three to six inches high, rather 
stout, and as well as the calyces clothed with scattered very 
fine spreading soft hairs. Bracts like the stipules, spreading 
and whorled at the joints and base of the peduncles. Flowers 
umbelled, numerous, one and a half to two inches in diameter, 
pale yellow. Calyx-tube and pedicel together one to three 
inches long, very slender, strict, hairy ; lobes half to three- 
quarters of a inch long, lanceolate-oblong, acuminate. Petals 
widely spreading ; two upper spathulate, retuse, long-clawed, 
with purple veins; three others smaller, narrow, without 
veins. Stamens five, decimate ; anther orange.—/. B. H. 



5997 







Tab. 5997. 
CHRYSANTHEMUM (Pyrethrum) Mawil 

Native of the Greater Atlas. 



Nat. Ord. Composite. — Tribe Anthem ide^e. 
Genus Chrysanthemum, L. ; (Benth. and Hook. f. Gen. PL, vol. ii. incl.). 



Chrysanthemum (Pyrethrum) Mawii ; perenne, gracile, laxe tomentellum 
ramosum, ramis erectis teretibus subflexuosia apice nudis 1-cephahs, 
foliis sparsis ambitu ellipticis v. rhombeis triangulari-ovatis pinnatifidis, 
segmentis angustis incisis acutis, summis linearibus integerrinus, capi- 
tulis l-l-i- poll, diam., involucri hemispherici squamis ^ omnibus con- 
similibus lineari-oblongis acutis tenuiter marginatis viridibus ecarinatis, 
floribus radii ad 20 subbiseriatis, ligula late lineari-oblonga tridentata 
extus rosea intus alba, floribus disci brunneis, pappo in membranam 
unilateralem obtusam basi tubulosam tubum flosculi subasquantem v. 
superantem producto, acheniis teretiusculis glabris sulcatis costatis. 



A very singular half-shrubby species of the Pyrethrum 
section of Chrysanthemum, but referable to no known sub- 
section of that extensive group, though in certain respects 
allied to C. Myconis {Myconia Chrysanthemum) of the Mediter- 
ranean region, a yellow flowered species with achenes and 
pappus different in the ray- and disk-flowers. Amongst the 
Canarian forms where it might have been expected that the 
allies of the Maroccan should be found, there are none refer- 
able to the same sub-section as this, which may be called 
Scaphopappus, in allusion to the auriculate pappus, and be 
characterized by the costate achenes and auriculate very large 
Pappus, being similar in the ray- and disk-flowers, and by the 
white, or pink, or purplish ligules, and the brown disk 
flowers. Several other closely allied species to this inhabit 
the higher ranges of the Atlas at 6-10,000 feet elevation, none 
of which are described. f , , 

Chrysanthemum Mawii is a native of the lower range of the 

OCTOBER 1st. 1872. 



Greater Atlas, south of the city of Marocco, where it was dis- 
covered by Messrs. Maw, Ball, and myself, in May, 1871, on 
dry rocky places near Mouli Ibrahim, at 4-5000 feet elevation 
in the Keraia valley. The specimen here figured was flowered 
from roots brought by Mr. Maw, and grown in his garden 
at Broseley. They flowered August of the present year. A 
smaller and more slender variety of it occurs commonly at 
elevations of 5-6000 feet on the Atlas. 

Descr. Boot-stock woody, branched ; branches ascending, 
twelve to eighteen inches high, sparingly divided, terete, 
rigid, naked at the top and terminated by a solitary head, 
clothed sparsely, as are the leaves, with soft lax rather woolly 
hairs. Leaves scattered, about an inch long, variable in out- 
line, from almost triangular to oblong, pinnatifid to the base, 
into three or more variable slender incised lobes ; uppermost 
linear, quite entire. Head about one to one and a half inches in 
diameter, solitary, rather long-peduncled ; peduncle gradually 
swelling upwards. Involucre hemispherical, scales numerous, 
all similar, imbricate, linear-oblong, acute, green, with very 
narrow scarious borders. Bay-flowers about twenty, sub- 
2-seriate, tube short ; ligule broad linear-oblong, obtusely 3- 
toothed, white, rose-coloured at the back. Bisk-flowers brown, 
tubular. Pappus alike in the ray and disk, tubular at the 
base, produced into a unilateral concave oblong obtuse or 
erose-tipped hyaline auricle, exceeding the tube of the ray- 
flower and equalling that of the disk-flower. Achene of ray 
and disk similar, cylindric-oblong, strongly ribbed. — /. J). H' 



Fig. I, Ray-flower; 2, disk-flower; 3, stigma of ray-flower: — all mag- 

fied. 



vified. 



599$ 




di.deleLhth 



Vbjce:utBrool<is Day&Sanlmp. 



Tab. 5998. 
BROWNEA BmscHELLiT. 

Native of La Guayra. 



Nat. Ord. Legumino&S. — Tribe Amiierstie^. 
Genus Brownea, Jacq.; (Benth. and Hoolc.f. Gen. PL, vol. i. p. 577). 



Browkea Birschellii ; glaberrima, foliolis 4-jugisobovato- v. elliptico-lanceo- 
latis abrupte caudato-acuminatis infimis ovato-oblongis basi rotundatis 
cordatisve, floribus racemosis, racemis foliolis 2 sessilibus ovato-cordatis 
stipatis, racbi brevi,bracteis caducis, pedicellis floribusque roseis, bracteo- 
lis in spatham anguste infundibnliformem apice fissam calycem involu- 
crantem connatis, calyci3 tubo elongato cylindraceo 1^-2-pollicari, 
segmentis anguste spathulatis obtnsiusculis, petalis calycis segnu'iitis 
duplo longioribus obovato-spathulatis acutis subsequalibus, filamentis in 
tubum elongatnm cylindraceum connatis superne breviter liberis 
alternis brevioribus, antheris 10 corollam non superantibus, ovario 
apicem versus tubi calycis affixo breviter stipitato pubeseente, stylo 
filiformi stricto. 



Of this plant I know nothing further, than that it is 
identical with one collected hy Mr. Birschel (formerly a 
young gardener at Kew) in Caraccas, whither he had been 
sent as a botanical collector in 1854; and that it closely 
resembles a species from the Pacific sea-coast of New 
Grenada, at Esmeraldes, collected by Colonel Hall, and pre- 
served in the Hookerian Herbarium. In bis notes accom- 
panying the specimen, Mr. Birschel describes it as a tree 
twenty feet high, very common on the Quebrada del Rio 
de La Guayra and Quebrada de los Hermanos, flowering in 
April. In all probability the specimen, from which the 
accompanying figure was taken, was sent by Mr. Birschel, 
who contributed many valuable plants to this establishment. 
It is now about ten feet high, and flowered for the 
first time in July of the present year. It was named B. 
racemosa, Jacquin, by M. Triana, and may be the species 
described under that name by Kunth, in the " Nova Genera 

NOVEMBER 1 ST, 1872. 



et Species Plantarum" of Humboldt and Bonpland (vol. vi. 
312), but differs from Jacquin's (a native of the same 
country) in the more copious inflorescence, much larger 
leaflets, longer pedicels and flowers, glabrous bracteoles and 
calyx, and other characters. It is remarkable that so con- 
spicuous a species, and coming from so well-known a country, 
should be hitherto undescribed. I have named it after its 
very intelligent and active discoverer, who well merits being 
associated by name with so handsome a plant. 

Descr. Small glabrous tree, with terete glabrous extre- 
mities. Leaves equally pinnate; rachis four to six inches 
long, slender, subterete ; leaflets in three or four pairs, upper 
larger, broadly oblanceolate, abruptly acuminate, nar- 
rowed to the base, about six inches long ; lowest pair ovate- 
lanceolate acuminate, three to four inches long, all shortly 
petiolulate. Racemes terminal, subsessile, drooping, half a foot 
long, many-flowered ; bracts and flowers deep rose-coloured, 
or calyx scarlet on first emerging from the bract. Pedicels 
slender, minutely puberulous, one half to three-quarters 
of an inch long. Bracteoles connate in a tubular 2-lobed 
involucre sheathing the calyx-tube, one to two inches long. 
Calyx with a narrow cylindrical tube equalling the involucre ; 
limb 5-fid, lobes oblanceolate-linear, sheathing the corolla, 
with the tube two to three inches in length. Petals five, 
oblanceolate or spathulate, gradually narrowed into a long 
claw, considerably exceeding the calyx, varying to two and a 
half inches in length. Stamens ten, monadelphous, alternately 
shorter. Ovary, narrow, puberulous, tapering into the long 
style ; gynophore adnate to the calyx-tube. — /. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Flower, the calyx-lobes and petals removed; 2, pistil: — both 
matjnijied. 






^^ WEceatBrootaDar* 5 ** 



Tab. 5999. 

DIGITALIS L2BVIGATA. 

Native of Austria and Greece, 



Nat. Ord. Scrophulakiace^:. — Tribe DigitalejE. 
Genus Digitalis, Linn.; (Benth. in DC. Prodr., vol. x. p. 449). 



■Uigitalis lavigata ; perennis, glaberrima foliis radicalibus oblongo- v. 
obovato-lanceolatis, caulinis oblongo- v. obovato-lanceolatis integerrimia 
v. serrulatis, racemo elongato laxifloro, bractei8 inferioribus foliaceis, 
calycis segmentis late oblongis acutis dimidium tubi corollas ajquantibua, 
v. brevioribus, corolla glaberrima aurantiaca, tubo superne ventricoso, 
labio superiore brevi recurvo 2-fido lobia rotundatis, inferioris Iobis 
lateralibus brevibus obtusis iutermedio adscendente porrecto multo 
longiore concavo obtuso pallide flavo, intus piloso et venoso, venis 
aurantiacis. 

Digitalis laevigata, Waldst. and Kit. PI Mar. Hung., vol. ii. p. 171, t. 158; 
Lindl. Monog. Digit., t. 10 ; Reichb. Iconog. Grit., t. 155 ; Ic. Fl. Germ., 
vol. xx. t. 1692 ■ Benth. in DC. Prodr., vol. x. p. 450. 



A very rare European plant, hitherto found only in 
Croatia, on Mount Taygetus in the Morea, and a few other 
places in Greece j though long lost to the country, it was 
formerly cultivated in England and is exceedingly well- 
figured in Lindley's monograph of the genus Digitalis from 
a specimen which flowered at Kew. 

The plant here figured was sent me by the Rev. M. J. Berke- 
ley, who raised it from seeds sent from near Fiume by Mrs. 
W. Smith {nee Glennie), and which flowered in August of 
the present year. It is a very handsome plant, two to three 
feet in height, and would make an admirable rock-work 
ornament. It grows on dry limestone rocks in its own 
country. 

Descr. An erect, wholly glabrous perennial, two feet or 
more in height. Radical leaves, often withered at flowering, 

NOVEMBER 1ST, 1872. 



oblanceolate or obovate-oblong, gradually narrowed into a 
long winged petiole, varying to one foot in length. Cauline 
leaves linear or narrow-oblanceolate acute, entire or nearly 
so. Raceme erect, simple or branched at base, many- flowered, 
varying to one foot or more in length ; bracts herbaceous, 
linear, the lower exceeding the flowers. Calyx-lobes linear- 
lanceolate, acute, subequal. Corolla orange-yellow, about one 
inch long, lower lip much larger than the upper, concave, 
ascending, pale and orange-streaked within. — J. D. //. 



Fig. 1, Calyx and pistil ;. 2, corolla laid open : — both <:nhtnjt<L 



6000 







Tab. 6000. 
CROCUS Salzmanni. 
Native of Morocco. 



Nat. Ord. Ibidem. — Tribe Ixie^e. 
Genus Cnoc.cs, Tourn. ; {Klutt in Linivza, vol. xxxiv. p. 647). 



Cudcds Salzmanni ; bulbi tunicis extrafoliaceis exterioribus basi in annulum 
persistentibus, interiore basi demum in fibras liberas soluto, petiolo 
interiore longe infra medium tuber affixo, foliis synanthiis margine 
costaque lavissimis, spatha unica, perigonii fauce pilosa albida, tubo 
elongato, laciniis elliptico-oblongis acutis pallide violaceis striatia, 
stigmatibus erectis multifidis antheras superantibus, filanientis glabris. 

Crocus Sakmanni, Gay in Ferussac Bull. Sc. Nat., vol. xv. p. 220. 

C tingitanus, Herbert in Bot. Mag. sub. t. 3868. 



An autumn and winter-flowering Crocus, belonging to the 
same section of the genus with the Portuguese C. serotinus, 
Salisb. (Tab. nost. 1276), and so near to it specifically, that 
A doubt its proving more than a variety of that plant ; its 
principal distinctions from Klatt's characters of serotinus, lie 
Jn the margins and midrib of the leaf being perfectly smooth, 
m the fibrous coats of the bulb not being strongly reticulate, 
and in the pale yellow blotch at the throat of the perianth being 
scarcely apparent. These are, however, all of them very vari- 
able, and indeed obscure characters; the amount of reticulation 
of the coats of the bulb is an inconstant one ; in Gay's beautiful 
unpublished drawings of C. serotinus in my possession, a 
cross section of the leaf as magnified shows no scabridity, 
nor do I find any in authentic specimens of serotinus ; lastly, 
the yellow spot at the base of the outer perianth-segments 
of C. serotinus, though described by Klatt, is not visible in 
the Botanical Magazine figure, or in Gay's drawings. 
Gay's character, drawn from the insertion of leaf on the 
tuber, is a most obscure one. 0. Clusii, Gay, is another form 

NOVEMBER 1ST, 1872. 



of C serotinus, also from Portugal, distinguished by its author 
by the white throat of the perianth, and the lower insertion 
of the petiole. It should be observed that both C. Clusii and 
C. Sahmanni are omitted in Klatt's monograph ; and that the 
figure of C. serotinus in the Botanical Magazine represents the 
tuber deprived of its coats. All three are probably western 
forms of C. longiflorus, Eaf, an Italian species that extends into 
bicily and Dalmatia. Crocus Sahmanni is a native of clayey 
fields about Tangiers, flowering in November and December. 
Ihe bulbs, which I brought from Tangiers in 1870, flowered 
in October, and were in full leaf in the following January. 

Descr. Bulb ovoid, with the outer tunics at first uniform 
and unbroken, finally splitting up to some extent into vertical 
fibres, the outer ones persistent in a basal ring. Lower- 
/^/inserted below the middle of the bulb; leaves half- 
developed at the same time as the flower, quite smooth on 
the edges and midrib. Spaike solitary. Perianth pale 
violet with a long tube ; the divisions oblong-spathulate, sub- 
acute, whitish and pilose at the throat. Stigmas orange-yel- 
low, overtopping the anthers, mnltifid, but the divisions con- 
tiguous and much fewer than in C. nudifiofm and C. speciosus. 
filaments glabrous. — J. L. H. 



Fig. 1, Transverse section of a leaf; 2, stigmas -.-magnified. 



6001 




ch dd ethth 






Tab. 6001, 
MESOSPINIDIUM vulcanicum. 

Native of Eastern Peru. 



Nat. Ord. Orchide^:. — Tribe Epidendre.e. 
Genus Mesospinidium, Echb.f. ; (Walp. Ann., vol. vi. t. 856). 



Mesospinidium vulcanicum; pseudobulbo ovoideo v. "obpyriforme compresso 
ancipiti marginibus subacutis, foliis radicalibus petiolis late vaginantibus, 
lamina parva v. evoluta oblonga, caulinis ad apicem pseudo-bulbi 
geminis, late ligulatis carinatis subacutis, pedunculo gracili elongato, 
bracteis parvis sparsis vaginantibus acutis, floralibus pedicellis gracili- 
bus roseis multo brevioribus, racemo inclinato, multi-laxifloro, flori- 
bus roseis, sepalis petalisque consimilibus oblongo-lanceolatis acumi- 
natis, mento brevissimo, labelli 3-lobi ungue et disci basi columna? 
adnatis, lobis lateralibus obtusis . decurvis erosis, intermedio deflexo 
breviter late unguiculato subrotundato, marginibus decurvis subcre- 
natis, disco callo 4-carinato, carinis puberulis 2 intermediis longionbus, 
columna apice dentata. 

Mesospinidium vulcanicum, Rchb.f. in Gard. Chron. 1872, p. 393. 



A charming little Orchid, with the habit and appearance 
of an Epidendrum, but with very different pollen-structure. 
It appears to be undoubtedly the same with a plant in the 
Hookerian Herbarium, discovered by Mr. Spruce m the vol- 
canic mountains of the Tunguragua district of the Upper 
Amazons, where it was flowering in April, 1800 ; and which 
was named M. vulcanicum by Dr. Eeichenbach himself, lhat 
learned author's description in the Gardeners' Chronicle, quoted 
above, is probably drawn up from imperfect or faded specimens, 
as the flowers are described as purplish, whereas they are in our 
specimen of a vivid rose-red, as described by Spruce— ± lores 
speciosi, rubri roseive,"— as also in the shape of the mid-lobe 
of the lip, which is not linear and 3-toothed but rounded 
2-lobed, and broadly clawed. I am indebted to Messrs. 

NOVEMBER 1st, 1872. 



Veitch for the specimen here figured, which flowered in 
autumn of the present year. 

Descr. Pseudo-bulb ovoid or obpyriform, compressed, and 
more or less two-edged, one and a half to two inches long, 
about one inch broad. Leaves oblong or broadly linear, cari- 
nate, at least below, rather obtuse, three to five inches long, 
one-half to three-quarters of an inch broad. Raceme 8-10- 
iiowered, unilateral on a slender erect peduncle, one-half to 
one foot long, closely sheathed by several scarious empty 
bracts ; upper bracts ovate-lanceolate, conduplicate, half as 
long as the ovary. Sepals subequal, divergent, narrow-oval 
acute, the two lower united at the base in a minute mentum, 
deep rose or crimson. Petals equalling the sepals, and simi- 
lar in form and colour, divergent. Labellum three-lobed, 
lateral lobes rotundate ; median larger, emarginate, denticu- 
late, crimson excepting the pale or white 4-ridged disk, and 
yellowish base of the lateral lobes. Column white at apex.— 
J. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Column and labellum ; 2, labellum, front view :— loth magnified. 



6001 




W.RtA.del etlith 



Tab. 6002. 
SARCOSTEMMA Brunonianum. 

Native of the Peninsula of India. 



Nat. Ord. Asclepiade2e. — Tribe, Asclepiade^e ver^e. 
Genus Sarcostemma, E. Br. ; (Dene, in DC Prodr., vol. viii. p. 537.) 



•Sarcostemma Brunonianum ; volubile v. dependens, caulibus gracilibus 
cylindraceis glabris, fasciculis florum lateralibus, pedicellis ealycibusque 
cano-pubescentibus, calycis lobis triangulari-ovatis acutis, corolla? 
laciniis ovato-oblongis obtusis glabris, corona staminea exteriore sub- 
plicata 10-crenata, interiore antlieris breviore, stigmate apiculato 
subintegro. 

SARCosTEMJfA Brunonianum, Wight et Arn. Contrib., p. 59 ; Wight Ic. t. 
1282 ; Dene, in DC. Prodr., vol. viii. p. 537. 



This very singular plant is a native of Ceylon, and is also 
common in arid jungles of the Madras Presidency, where it 
forms great masses, climbing over shrubs, tree-trunks and 
stones, abounding in an acid milky juice, and hence eaten by the 
natives as a salad, and sucked by travellers to allay thirst, 
thus forming a remarkable exception to the usually poisonous 
nature of the Asclepiadeous juices. Unfortunately it fre- 
quents the jungles in which the poisonous and acrid Euphor- 
bia Tttriculli grows, and indeed it often spreads over that plant, 
whose leafless branches so closely resemble those of the 
Sarcostemma, that if care is not used one may be mistaken 
for the other, the consequences of which might be serious. 
Of a very closely allied species a curious use is made ; bundles 
of its branches are cast into the wells from which sugar-cane 
fields are watered, together with a bag of salt, the result of 
which is that the white ant is expelled from the field. 

Sarcostemma Brunonianum grows freely in a pot in a 
warm greenhouse, where its branches hang down in masses 

NOVEMBER 1ST, 1872. 



several feet long, and when covered witli the deliriously sweet- 
scented white blossoms, have a very elegant appearance. 
The specimen here figured flowered in the Cactus House at 
Kew, in July of the present year. 

Descr. Branches leafless, long, slender, glabrous, about 
the thickness of a goose-quill, remotely forking, pendulous 
or loosely climbing. Flowers greenish-yellow, "one-third of 
an inch in diameter, in close 8-12-flowered sessile lateral um- 
bels. Pedicels equalling or exceeding the flower, hoary- 
pubescent. Calyx very small acutely 5-toothed. Corolla 
rotate, lobes ovate-oblong glabrous. Outer corona 10-cre- 
nate, inner of five fleshy erect segments shorter than the 
anthers. Stigma obtusely apiculate. — /. I). H. 

Fig. 1, lieduced view showing general habit of the plant; 2, flowering 
branch : mat. size ; 3, flower ; 4, gynostegium and corona ; 5, pollen masses : 
— magnified. 



600S 




VncentBiooksI)::- 



Tab. 6003. 
BATEMANIA Burtit. 

Native of Costa Mica. 



Nat. Ord. Okcuides:. — Tribe Denduobie.e § Maxillaiuk.e. 
Genus Batemania, Lindl. ; (Bot. Register, tab. 1714). 



Batemania Burtii; subacaulis, foliis sessilibua elongato elliptieo-oblongis 
acutis basi subdisticbe imbricatis planiusculis carinatis nervis obscuns, 
pedunculis unifloris robustis suberectis, bracteis vaginalis viridibns 
appressis obtusis, floribua amplis 3 poll, diam., sepalis petalisque con- 
similibus late ovatis acuminatis rufo-brunneis maculis ochreis rotuiidatis, 
petalis basi purpureo pictis, labelli ungue auricula transversa 2-loba 
fimbriata aucto, lamina trulliformi apioulata, basi subcordata, ultra 
medium rubro-fusca maculis saturatioribus conspersa, columna cucullata, 
alis marginibusque erosis. _ 

BlTBMAKlA Burtii, Endres $ Eeichb. f. in Gard. Chron. 1872, p. 10JJ. 



The genus Batemania, named by Lindley in 183a after the 
distinguished orchidologist James Bateman, F.H.S., consists oi 
half-a-dozen species of tropical Eastern, South American, and 
Spanish-Main plants, as enumerated by Keicbenbach m the 
sixth volume of Walper's " Annales." Some of these had 
been long known, but previously referred in books or col- 
lections, some to Umdleya, some to Zj/f/opelalum, and some to 
Galeottia. The species here figured is a native of Costa Kica, 
where it was discovered by M. Endres in 1867, ana is re- 
garded by Keichenbach as very closely allied to fmeleagrut, 
Rchb. f. (Bonplandia, vol. in. p. 217), a native of Brazil, but 
differing in the colour of the flower and form of the carious 
ciliated appendage on the claw of the lip. It is a magnificent 
Orchid, whether as regards the luxuriance of the foliage mm 
the form and colour of the flower. I am indebted to Messrs. 
Veitch for the opportunity of figuring it ; their specimen vva 
procured through W. Burnley Hume, Esq; ; it flowered in 
August of the present year. 



DECEMBER 1ST, 1*72. 



Descr. — Stem none (pseudo-bulbs may form later, as in the 
case of B. CoUet/i, Bot. Beg. t. 1714)." Leaves all radical, 
nearly distichous, narrowly elliptic- oblong, acute, eight to 
fourteen inches long, by one and a half to two inches broad, 
bright green, nerves faint. Flowers three inches broad ; pe- 
duncles radical, stout, cylindric, erect, with several appressed 
green obtuse sheathing bracts. Ovary straight, one inch 
long, deeply grooved. Sepals and petals nearly equal, spread- 
ing, broadly elliptic-ovate, acute, fleshy, undulate, rich red- 
brown, with yellow rounded spots and yellow bases; the 
petals rather the shortest and broadest, and having dark 
purple confluent streaks above the base. Lip white, except 
the distal half of the blade, which is dull brownish purple, 
with darker spots ; claw white, with a transverse, semilunar, 
2-lobed, white auricle, that is cut into slender incurved purple 
setiform teeth. Column hooded, white, tip green, dorsally 
keeled, margins and narrow wings jagged. — /. I). IT. 



6004 




■ 



Tab. 6004. 
salvia dichroa. 

Native of the Greater Atlas. 



Nat. Ord. Labiate. — Tribe Monaede^e. 
Genua Salvia, Linn. ; (Benth. in DC. Prodr., vol. xii. p. 262). 



Salvia (Plethiosphace) dichroa ; glanduloso-pubescens, caule erecto 4-gono 
angulis incrassatis pilosis, foliis sinuato-crenatis inferioribus petiolatis 
ovato-oblongis obtusis pilosis, caulinis sessilibus oblongis obtusis, 
supremis seu floralibus parvis ovatis acuminatis. racemis simplicibus, 
rachi robusto, verticillastris paucifloris, floribus pedicellatis, calycibus 
obovato-campanulatis glandulosis, labio superiore 3-dentato dente medio 
minore, inferiore 2-fido lobis triangulari-subulatis porrectis, corolla 
calyce triplo longiore, tubo glabro non inflato intua annulo piloso 
instructo, labio superiore elongato compresso obtuao pubescente inferiore 
superiori subecquilongo 8-lobo, lobo intermedio suborbiculari pendulo 
albo, lateralibus decurvis brevibus, connectivis elongatis antice breviter 
porrectis apicibus tumidis, coha?rentibus. 



A near ally of Salvia bicolor, Desf. (Tab. nost. 1774) and S. 
alfferiensis, Desf., the former a native of Northern Marocco, 
and the latter of Algiers ; but very distinct from both in 
the form of the leaves, and from the latter in the much 
greater size of the lower lip, which, as in 8. tricolor, nearly 
equals the upper. Of the two it is very much nearest to 
8. bicolor, and but for the very different form of the radical 
leaves, and the nature of their lobing, I should have been 
disposed to regard it as a variety of that plant ; the radical 
and lower leaves of 8. bicolor are deeply cordate sinuate- 
toothed and much cut, the teeth and lobes spreading ; the 
analogous leaves on S. dichroa are oblong, acute at the base, 
and irregularly cut at the margin into large obtuse lobules 
that point towards the apex of the leaf. In the description 
»fS. bicolor under Tab. 1774, it is stated that the under-lip, 
which at its first expansion is snow-white, almost immediately 

DECEMBEB 1ST, 1*72. 



begins to fade to rusty-brown, a change I have not observed 
in this species, but which may occur. 

Koots and leaves of this plant were collected by Mr. Maw 
at the base of the Greater Atlas, south of the city of Marocco, 
at about 2000 feet elevation below Tasmeroot, in May 1871, 
which flowered in his garden, at Broseley, in August of the 
present year. It is an exceedingly handsome species, the 
colours much resembling those of Collinsia verna. 

Descr. Stem two to three feet high, erect, quadrangular, 
with obtuse thickened yellowish angles, that are clothed with 
reverted hairs. Leaves, radical petioled, six to eight inches 
long, oblong-ovate or ovate-lanceolate obtuse, narrowed into 
the petiole, obtusely and very irregular sinuate-serrate with 
rounded lobules, pubescent, lower cauliiie short-petioled - 
upper sessile, oblong or elliptic-oblong; floral ovate, long 
acuminate, reflexed. Maceme a foot long and more, stout, 
obtuse, many-flowered ; false- whorls of two opposite fascicles 
of two to three pedicelled flowers, pedicels erect, half an inch 
long. Calyx three-quarters of an inch long, subcampanulate, 
2-hpped to the middle, glandular-pubescent, strongly ribbed, 
green ; upper lip with three small teeth, the mid one 
smallest ; lower with two subulate lanceolate straight teeth. 
Corolla one and a quarter inches long ; upper lip bright blue, 
obtuse, arcuate, oblong, much laterally compressed, pubescent; 
lower lip as long as the upper, 3-lobed, lateral lobes pale blue, 
oblong, recurved ; mid-lobe orbicular, concave, white, pendu- 
lous. Connectives very long, lower arm short nrojecting for- 
ward, irregularly capitate and lobed.— /. D. IL 



Fig. 1, Radical leaf, of the natural size; 2, calyx; 3, anthers; 4, disk 
and ovary -.—all magnified. 



6005 




Tab. 6005. 

lilium concolor, var. sinicum. 

Native of China. 



Nat. Ord. Liliace^:. — Tribe Tulipe^. 
Genus Lilium, Linn. ; (Baker in Gard. Chron., 1871). 



Lilium (Isolirion) concolor ; caule |-3-pedali apicem versus paucifloro 
subpnbescente, foliis sparsis supremis subverticillatis anguste oblongo- 
lanceolatis subacutis margine erosis subtus puberulis, iloribus sub- 
corymbosis ad 3 poll. diam. miniato-rubris concoloribus v. punctis 
luridis conspersis, perianthii basi campanulati foliolis patentibus 
4-f poll, latis basin versus medio sulco pubescente exsculpto epappil- 
losis, filamentis pollicaribus et ultra, antheris ^-pollicaribus, polline 
rubro, ovario anguste clavato infra apicem intrusum contracto prol'unde 
3-sulcato, stylo brevi stigmateque crasso 3-lobo rubris. 

Lilium concolor, Salisb. Hort. Farad, t. 47; Bot. Mag. t. 1165 ; Ait. 
Hort. Kew. Ed. 2, vol. ii. p. 241 ; Kunth, Enum. vol. iv. p. 259 et 673 ; 
Koch, Wochenschrijl, 1870; Baker in Gard. Chron, 1871, p. 1034; 
Duchartre, Obs. sur le genre Lis, p. 1 25. 

Var. sinicum ; perianthii foliolis erecto-patentibus vix recurvis, pedunculis 
longioribus. L. sinicum, Lindl. in Paxt. Fl. Gard. vol. ii. Misc. 
p. 115, t. 193; Lemaire III. Hort. t. 100; Van Houtte, Flore des 
Serres, t. 1206. 

Though maintained as a species by Koch in his valuable 
revision of the genus Lilium, quoted above, and apparently 
by Duchartre also in his admirable observations on the 
genus, 1 think that no one can compare Lilium concolor and 
sinicum, whether by figures or as specimens, without becom- 
ing convinced that Lindley's original suspicions were 
grounded, and that Mr. Baker is right in regarding them as 
specifically identical ; though they may perhaps be perma- 
nently distinguishable as varieties or forms. Not only do 
they come from the same country, but both are known only 
in cultivation, both vary with spotted and spotless flowers; 
and the only difference of consequence between them is, that 

DECEMBER 1ST, 1872. 



the perianth segments of L. sinicum are less revolute than 
those of L. concolor. 

The original L. sinicum, was introduced into England early 
in the century (1806), from China, and is described as 
scentless, but very ornamental ; the var. sinicum, which Mr. 
Baker does not consider to be entitled to rank even as a 
variety (in which I am almost disposed to agree), was im- 
ported also from China in 1850 by Mr. Fortune, though not 
for the first time ; it having been introduced by the Horti- 
cultural Society as early as 1824. The specimen here 
figured was communicated by Messrs. Osborne and Sons, 
with whom it flowered in June of the present year. It varies 
very much in stature, and we are informed that a very pretty 
small variety, about six inches high, has been exhibited by 
Mr. Bull at the Horticultural Society. 

Descr. Bulb scaly. Stem erect, one-half to three feet high, 
green, covered with a slight sub-cottony pubescence, as are 
the undersides of the leaves. Leaves scattered, two to four 
inches long, one-half to three-quarters of an inch broad; 
narrowly elliptic oblong or lanceolate, sessile, subacute, dark 
green, faintly nerved, somewhat pubescent beneath. Flowers 
few, subcorymbose towards the top of the stem, about three 
inches in diameter, scarlet, with or without small blackish 
spots on the throat. Perianth-segments spreading, narrowly 
ovate-lanceolate, conniving at the base, tips villose at the 
back and base externally, median line with a pubescent furrow 
towards the base within. Filaments about one inch long, and 
anthers red. Ovary green, deeply three-grooved, subclavate, 
with three terminal knobs ; style short, clavate, and large 
3-lobed stigma red. — /. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Petal; 2, germ en : — both magnified. 



6006 





m 



W.Rtct.delAliJl! 



VmcetttBnio 



Tab. 6006. 
UVARIA Kirkii. 

Native of Zanzibar. 



Nat. Ord. Anonace^. — Tribe Uvarie<e. 
Genus Uvaria, Linn. ; {Benth. and Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 2o). 



Uvaria Kirkii ; ramulis foliisque junioribus subtus ferrugineo-pilosis, foliia 
breviter petiolatis oblongis obtusis v. subacutis basi rotundatis v. cor- 
datis marginibus planis v. undulatis, costa tenui nervisque obscuris 
subtus demum glabratis, floribus 2|— 3 poll. diam. axillaribus solitariis 
breviter pedicellatis, bractea parva, sepalis ovato-rotundatis infra 
medium connatis stellato-tomentellis, petalis exterioribus ovato-rotun- 
datis acutis interioribus ellipticis paulo longioribus, staminibus omnibus 
perfectis, ovariia 10-20, ovulis 10-12 2-seriatis, carpellia maturis | poll, 
longis oblongis 5-6-spermis breviter stipitatis. 

Uvaria Kirkii, Oliver Mss. 



It is seldom that the opportunity occurs in England of 
figuring 1 plants of the large tropical family of Anonacea from 
a living plant, these being for the most part trees or branch- 
ing shrubs, requiring room, great heat, and moisture ; and 
having little to recommend them to horticulturists, they are 
banished from the stove in favour of handsome and freer 
flowering things. 

Uvaria Kirkii was discovered by Dr. Kirk, formerly the 
companion of Livingston during his second expedition into 
Central Africa, and now H.B.M. Vice-Consul at Zanzibar, 
from whence he has transmitted many valuable plants to the 
Royal Gardens, including the singular Zamioculcas figured at 
Tab. 5985 of this volume. About fifteen species of Uvaria 
are known from Africa, and many more from India. The 
present forms a low shrub of three to four feet high at Quiloa 
on the Zanzibar eoast, with very yellow green foliage, and 
large dingy yellow flowers. Seeds of it were transmitted 
to England by Dr. Kirk, in 1808, and the plant here figured 
flowered in October last. 

DECEMBER 1ST, 1872. 



Descr. An undershrub, three to four feet high ; branch- 
lets and young leaves beneath clothed with ferruginous hairs. 
Leaves one and a half to five inches long, young elliptic- 
oblong and very rusty beneath, old oblong, obtuse or acute, 
glabrous beneath, or with scattered hairs on the midrib, apex 
usually obtuse or rounded, rarely acute, base rounded or 
minutely cordate, yellow-green and concolorous, midrib 
slender, nerves diverging distant obscure ; petiole very short. 
Flowers three inches in diameter, solitary, axillary and sub- 
terminal, very shortly pedicelled ; pedicel with a small sub- 
median bract. Calyx small, of three broadly triangular-ovate 
stellate-pubescent sepals united below the middle. Petals 
very large, flat, thin, pubescent, externally pale dirty straw- 
colour suffused with verdigris green throughout the lower 
third; three outer broadly ovate-orbicular, acute; inner elliptic, 
subacute. Andricamm small, globose, one-third inch in 
diameter, pale yellow ; anthers uniform, with a small convex 
or orbicular pubescent connective. Carpels about ten to 
twenty, cylindric, densely pubescent ; stigma subsessile, 
capitate; ovules ten to twelve, 2-seriate. Bipe carpels six to 
eight, about an inch long, cylindric-oblong, apiculate, tomen- 
tose, granulate, 3-6-seeded; stipes one-sixth inch long;.— 
J. D. H. 8 



Fig. 1, Flower with the petals removed ; 2, vertical section of torus ; 3, 
stamen; 4, ovary ; 5, ripe carpels ; 6, longitudinal section of ripe carpel :— 
all but Jigs. 5 and 6 magnified. 



6001 







Tab. 6007. 

DENDROBIUM chbysocrepis. 

Native of Mouimein, 



Nat, Ord. Orciiipeje.-— Tribe Df.xprobie.e IMalaxideje. 
Genus Denprobium, Swctrtz ; (TJndl, O&n, § Sp< Orchid, p, 74), 



Dexprobium chrysocrepis ; caulibus fasciculatis inferne tenuibus compressis 

superne dilatatis internodiis h poll, latis compressis paucifoliis, foliis 
anguste elliptico-lanceolatis acuminatis coriaceo-carnosis, pedunculis 
adnodos caulium vetustorum lateralibus 1-floris, bracteis minutis, flori- 
bus aureis labello subochraceo, sepalis apiculatis dorsali petalisque 
consimilibus obovatis, lateralibus oblique ovatis, mento recto obtuso, 
labello calceiformi villoso apice retuso antice infra orem fisso, ore sub- 
quadrato marginibus utrinque lobulatis incurvis, intus pilis crispato- 
incurvis rubris infra orem onusto, columna brevissima antice villosa, 
Dexprobium chiysocrepis, Parish and Reichh.f. mss. 



A very curious species of Dendrobe, discovered by the 
indefatigable Mr. Parish in Mouimein, and communicated by 
him to the Eoyal Gardens in 1871, where it flowered in 
March of the present year, and was examined by Professor 
Beichenbach, who has obligingly communicated the following 
note upon it, together with a diagnosis : " Near D. eupilebium, 
Eeichb. f. (Journ. Proc. Linn. Soc, 1859, p. 7), but widely 
differing in the flattened stem and form of the lip. The re- 
markable character of the stem developes in this species as 
much as it does in D. emmnode (Tab. nost. 5766), but at a 
later period. The young stem is homomorphous, with wide 
leaf-sheaths ; as the stem gets older, the upper leaf-bearing 
internodes flatten, and lateral shoots appear, which root im- 
mediately." 

Descr. Stems tufted, six to ten inches long, slender, rigidly 
ilexuous, obscurely compressed below, with the internodes an 
inch long, contracted in the middle, and surmounted by a 
short truncate brown sheath ; above, the stem dilates into a 

DECEMBER 1 ST, 1872. 



narrowly elliptic flattened leafy pseudo-bulb two to five 
inches long, of two or more leafing internodes ; this part is 
green, and attains nearly half an inch in diameter, in this 
early state it is flowerless. Leaves distichous, two to three 
inches long, narrowly elliptic-lanceolate, acuminate, bright 
green, rather fleshy, nerves faint. Flowers borne upon 
the old stems, in which the leaves are gone, and their sheaths 
brown ; golden-yellow, with a deeper, more orange -coloured 
lip, one to one and a half inches in diameter ; peduncle very 
slender, with one or two minute obtuse bracteoles. Ovary small 
and slender. Dorsal sepal and petals similar, concave, obovate- 
cuneate, rounded and apiculate at the top; lateral sepals 
more spreading or reiiexed, obliquely ovate. Lip pyriform, 
slipper- shaped, ventricose, velvety with fimbriate flattened 
processes ; mouth oblong, truncate at the distal end, with a 
fissure extending thence halfway towards the apex ; margins 
of mouth inflexed, lobulate, inner surface below the mouth 
densely clothed with crisped reddish hairs. Column very 
short, villous below the rostellum. — J". D. II. 



Fig. 1, Flower; 2, lip; 3, column; 4, pollen: — all magnified. 




Brocks Da? iS^f 



Tab. 6008. 

BOWENIA spectabilis; female Plant. 

Native of Iropical Australia. 



Nat. Orel. Cycadeje. — Tribe Zamie/E. 
Genus Bowexia, Hook.; (Bot. Mag. t. 5398). 

Bowexia spectabilis; amentis fcemineis masculis multoties majoribus et 
crassioribus subsessilibus oblongo-globosis apice rotundatia, squamis 
sub-6-seriatis fere superpositis crassis transverse elongatis hexagoms 
peltatis vertice depresso rugoso, subtus utrinque 1-ovulatis, ovulo 
recto ellipsoideo apice raammillato, semina ovoideo-globosa, testa 
crasse Crustacea, alburaine duro, embryone albumine circiter tnente 
breviore, radicula in filtun contortissimum prselongum tenuissimum 
contracta, cotyledonibus 2 brevissimis. 

Bowenia spectabilis, Hook. I.e.; F. Muller, Fragm. PkyL Austral vol v. 
pp. 171 and 215. 

The first account of this most remarkable plant, the only 
known Cycad with bipinnate fronds, was that given m 
this work in the year 1863, when the male cone alone was 
known. Since that period specimens have at vanous_ times 
been received from Mr. Hill, the energetic superintendent of 
the Brisbane Botanic Garden, and amongst them female 
plants of which one flowered at Messrs. Veitch s and another 
at Kew, during the present year. Unfortunately no male 
flowers were procurable at the same time, so that there was 
no chance of fertilization ; the ripe seed has, however been 
well described by F. Muller, whose description I find to be 

correct. , , « 

The tuberous stem of Btneema has the property of remain- 
to* dormant for years, and resisting all excitements to growth. 
A small cylindrical specimen, about three inches by about 
two-thirds of an inch in diameter, received at Kew in the 
year 1804, and which arrived with a healthy leaf, soon lost 
it and remained for four years leafless, making very little 
root, and developing no bud; it was plunged into strong 

DECEMBER 1ST, 1*72. 



bottom heat for months ; and again kept moderately cool for 
as long ; it was kept dry at one time and copiously watered 
at another, but all to no purpose; at last it made a push 
and produced a fine frond, and subsequently a male cone, 
with considerable rapidity. 

The largest specimen now at Kew has a frond five feet in 
diameter, with the' individual pinnules four inches long ; its 
graceful, glossy foliage is very ornamental, and the plant is 
remarkably free from the attacks of insects. In some dried 
specimens there is a strong tendency in the leaflets to become 
laciniate at the apex. The ripe fruiting cone is very curious, 
and quite unlike any other Cycadeous fruits which I am 
acquainted with ; it is about the size of a human fist, and 
consists of about twenty broadly ellipsoid nuts, one inch in 
long diameter, adhering in pairs to the shrivelled scales, and 
these to the axis in a very irregular manner, the scales having 
shrunk so much that the seeds are completely exposed, and 
point in various directions, seldom retaining their original 
position which is inwards or towards the axis. 

In addition to the habitats already known for this plant, 
of Endeavour Eiver, where it was discovered by Allan Cun- 
ningham, and Eockingham Bay, -whence Hill sent it to 
England, and where it grows in company with Macrozamia 
Denisomi, Mueller enumerates those of bushy hills near the 
McKay Eiver, and the summit of Mount McAllister; he 
further observes that it differs from Fjicep/ialarto* only in the 
compound leaves, and he reduces Encepkalartw itself to a 
subgenus of Zamia, — J". D. H. 



Fig. 1 , Reduced view of female plant ; 2, base of the same and female 
rane of the natural size ; 3, 4, and 5, views of an ovuliferous scale :— slightly 
magnified. 



INDEX 

To Vol. XXVIII. of the Third Series, or Vol. XCVIII. of 

the Work. 



PL 


PL 


5952 iEthionema coridifolium. 


5595 Litanthus pusillus. 


5987 Amomum melegueta, var. 


5943 Macrozamia corallipes. 


minor. 


5962 Masde vallia ignea. 


595 1 Aphelandra sulphurea. 


5990 Masdevallia Lindeni. 


5964 Arisaema speciosum. 


6001 Mesospinidium vulcanicum- 


5972 AsterostigmaLuschnathianum. 


5977 Milla porrifolia. 


6003 Batemania Burtii. 


5988 Monanthes muralis. 


5961 Bolbophyllum lemniscatum. 


5982 Muntingia Calabura. 


6008 Bowenia spectabilis. 


5975 Musa sanguinea. 


5989 Brodi&a multiflora. 


5993 Odontoglossum pardinum. 


5998 Brownea Birschellii. 


5973 Olearia dentata. 


5955 Bulbine Mackenii. 


5980 Oncidium superbiens. 


5976 Calochortus elegans. 


5996 Pelargonium oblongatum. 


5997 Chrysanthemum (Pyrethrum) 


5948 Philodendron rubro-punc 


Mawii. 


tatum. 


5994 Cienkowskia Kirkii. 


5978 Pittosporum crassifolium. 


5958 Coelogyne lentiginosa. 


5966 Kestrepia elegans. 


5960 Corynostylis Hybanthus. 


6004 Salvia dichroa. 


6000 Crocus Salzmanni. 


5947 Salvia rubescens. 


5974 Crotalaria Heyneana. 


5991 Salvia taraxacifolia. 


5970 Cypripedium longifolium. 


6002 Sarcostemma Brunonianum. 


5968 Dendrobium amethysto-glos- 


5967 Saxifraga Stracheyi. 


sum. 


5959 Senecio pulcher. 


6007 Dendrobium chrysocrepis. 


5945 Senecio (Kleinia) pteroneura. 


5956 Dendrobium tetragonum. 


5963 Stapelia sororia. 


5999 Digitalis laevigata. 


5953 Stylidium spathulatum. 


5957 Exanthemum palatiferum. 


5950 Styrax serrulatum. 


5969 Fritillaria tulipifolia. 


5954 Todea barbara. 


5984 Gaultheria fragrantissima. 


5986 Treculia africana. 


5944 Gladiolus purpureo-auratus. 


5949 Trichopilia hymenantha. 


5979 Grevillea pulchella. 


6006 Uvaria Kirkii. 


5971 Grevillea rosmarinifolia. 


5965 Veronica parviflora, var. an- 


5946 Kniphofia caulescens. 


gustifolia. 


5992 Lachenalia tricolor, var. aurea. 


5981 Xiphion tingitanum. 


6005 Lilium concolor, var. sinicum. 


5985 Zamioculcas Loddigesii. 


5983 Linaria maroccana.