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Pants of tfje Eogal @ar&eiw of Beta, 





F.R.S., F.L.S., etc. 



(Or Vol. CIV of the whole Work.) 

"Then spriug the living herhs profusely wild 
O'er all the deep-green earth, beyond the power 
Of botanist to number up their *-rf*T TUnwiim. 


[All riffl 

Mo. Bot. Garden, 






My Dear Hogg, 

Pray accept the dedication of the hundred 
and fourth volume of the Botanical Magazine, in token 
of the high appreciation entertained of your long and dis- 
interested labours in the promotion of practical horticulture, 
and of the value of your many contributions to the litera- 
ture of that important branch of botanical science. 

May it also recall to your memory the pleasant and 
instructive visits you and I have together paid to horti- 
cultural meetings at home, near home, and in far distant 

Very sincerely yours, 

Royal Gardens, Kew, 

Dec. 1st, 1878. 

Day&Son mm 

Tab. 6337. 

lilium cordifolium. 

Native of Japan. 

Nat. Ord. Liliace^e. — Tribe TulipejE. 
Genus Lilium, Linn. {Baker in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xiv. p. 226). 

Lilium (Cardiocrinum) cordifolium; bulbo ovoideo squaraig paucis crassis ad- 
pressis, caule elato stricto basi nudo, foliis multis petiolatis sparsis cordatis 
ovatis vel siibrotundis inferioribus confertis, racemo laxo (i-12-floro, pedicellis 
crassis brevibus, bracteis magnis lanceolatis caducis, perianthii diu infundi- 
bularis magni albidi segmentis oblanceolatis obtusis supra medium flore 
expanso falcatis, interioribus facie deorsum purpurascentibus baud papillosis, 
staminibus parallelis leviter declinatis perianthio paulo brevioribus, stylo 
staminibus longiore, capsulis magnis oblongis apice umbilicatis. 

L. cordifolium, Thunb. in Trans. Linn. Soc. vol. ii. p. 382 ; Sohultes fil. in Roem. 
et Schultes Syst. Veg. vol. vii. p. 420 ; Sieb. et Zucc. Fl. Jap. vol. i. p. 33, 
tabs. 13, fig. 2, and 14; Kunth, Enum vol. iv. p. 268 ; Flore des Serres, tab' 
216; Miguel in Am. Mm. Lug-Bat. vol. iii. p. 157 ; Baker in Journ. Linn, 
Soc. vol. xiv. p. 227; Franch. et Savat. Enum. Jap. vol. ii. p. 72 : Gard 
Chron. 1877, part ii. p. 305, fig. 61. 

Hemerocalms cordata, Thunb. Fl. Jap. p. 143; Gaertn. Fruet. vol ii tab 17") 
fig. 5. 

Sjire, Banks Icon. Select. Kainp., tab. 46. 

Uba-juki and Gawa-juri, So mokou Zoussetz, vol. v. tab. 81. 

The two giant Lilies, L. giganteum, of the Himalayas, and 
L. cordifolium of Japan, differ extremely from all the other 
species in habit and leaf, and resemble one another very 
closely. For an account of the former we refer our readers 
to tab. 4673. The present plant has been known to European 
botanists for a century and a half, but has been found very 
difficult to establish in cultivation. So far as I am aware 
the specimen from which the present plate was drawn, which 
flowered in the open air in Kew Gardens in July of this 

JANUARY 1ST, 1878. 

present year, is the second that lias been flowered in England, 
the first being with Mr. Noble at Bagshot many years ago. 
Of our continental correspondents. Max Leichtlin, Esq., of 
Baden-Baden, from whom this plant was received, and E. H. 
Krelage and Son, of Haarlem, have both cultivated it success- 
fully. It is said to be widely dispersed through the Japanese 
islands, growing in shady mountain woods, but not to be 
anywhere plentiful, and it has been found also in the Kurile 
group. I cannot look upon L. Glekmi, F. Schmidt, as more 
than a slight variety of cordt'folium, differing from the type 
by its more numerous smaller flowers. We have specimens 
of it in the Kew herbarium from the neighbourhood of 
Hakodadi, gathered by Dr. Albrecht and the late Mr. C. 

Desce. Bulb ovoid, two to three inches in diameter ; scales 
few, thick, whitish, ovate, adpressed. Stem stiffly erect, 
three or four feet high, an inch thick at the base, naked to 
a height of about a foot, the lower leaves crowded and very 
large, the upper ones laxcr, diminishing gradually in size to 
the bottom of the inflorescence. Leaves all furnished with a 
broad flat petiole ; blade sometimes nearly a foot long, pro- 
minently cordate, roundish or broad ovate, the reining as 
thoroughly reticulated as in an ordinary broad-leaved 
Exogen. Raceme in the typical form as figured about hal F 
a foot long, four- to six-flowered ; pedicels very short and 
stout ; bracts large, lanceolate, falling before the flowers 
fully expand. Perianth permanently funnel-shaped, five or 
six inches long, milk-white on the outside, tinged with green 
towards the base, the oblanceolate obtuse segments spreading 
falcately in the expanded flower in the upper half, narrowed 
gradually from three-quarters of the way up to the base ; 
the three inner ones purple on the face in the lower half| 
entirely destitute of any papillae or distinct bordered groove. 
Stamens parallel, slightly decimate, a little shorter than the 
perianth. Ovary clavate, above an inch long ; style parallel 
with the stamens, and just overtopping them ; stigma capi- 
tate, obtusely three-lobed. Capsule oblong, two inches long, 
umbilicate at the apex; seeds packed very tightly in the 
cells ; edge of the three valves very fibrillose.— J. G. Baker. 


Vincent Brooks, Day & Son, Imp. 

Tab. 6338. 


Native of British Guiana. 

Nat. Ord. OrchideyK. — Tribe Vaxdeje. 
Genus Koellensteinia, Reickb.f, {Walp. Ann. vol. vi. p. 551.) 

Koetxensteinia graminea ; csespitosa. acaulis, pseudobulbis 0, foliis i~l poll, 
latis gramineis acuminatis, racemo interdum basi composito 6-8-floro, 
perianthio campanulato stramineo brunneo fasciato, sepalis oblongis ob- 
tusis, lateralibus paullo majoribus basi breviter connatis, petalis consimilibus, 
labello unguiculato 3-lobo, lobis lateralibus erectis dimidiato-oblongis 
obtusis, terminali latiore quam longo truncato, tuberculo disci carnoso trun- 
cato postice bilobo. 

K. graminea, Rchb.f. in Bonpland. Oct. 15, 1850 ; Walp. Ann. vi. p. 552. 

Maxillaeia graminea, Lindl. in Bot. Beg. xxi (1886) sub. tab. 1802. 

A very elegant Guiana orchid collected by Schomburgk, 
and described by Lindley in 1836 under Mazillaria, from 
specimens procured by Messrs. Loddiges. Since that period 
the genus Koellensteinia has been established upon various 
species of Maxillaria by Eeichenbach in ' Bonplandia.' All 
of them are South American, and natives of the mountain 
regions of Guiana, Venezuela and New Grenada. Another 
Demerara species, K. tricolor, Lindley, is very closely allied 
to this, differing in the greenish sepals and petals which have 
no transverse band. 

K. graminea is a well-known plant in cultivation, and the 
specimen from which the accompanying drawing was made 
flowered in the Eoyal Gardens in January of the present 

Descr. Sims densely very short, tufted; pseudobulbs 
none; roots stout. Leaves grass-like, four to six inches 
long, 'by a quarter to one third inch broad, gradually attenu- 
ated' at both ends, acuminate, slightly keeled, nerves very 

JANUARY 1st. 1878. 

faint. Racemes equalling or exceeding the leaves, some- 
times branched at the base; peduncle and radii's very 
slender; bracts sheathing, floral short ovate wrote, those on 
the peduncle longer, appressed. Flowers campanulate, six 
to eight, remote, one half to three fourths of an inch in 
diameter ; ovary and pedicel one quarter of an inch Ion"-. 
Sepals and petals nearly equal and similar, the two lateral 
sepals slightly connate at the base, all pale straw-coloured 
with transverse bands of red-brown below the middle. Lip 
of the same colour as the sepals and petals, rather shorter 
than the sepals, clawed, 3-lobed ; lateral lobes suberect, 
dimidiate-oblong, obtuse; terminal lobe transversely oblong 
almost remform; disk transversely streaked with red, and 
bearing a prominent 2-lobed callus. Column short, longi- 
tudinally streaked with red.— J.D H 

Kg. l. Flower; 2, lateral view of Up hi.«1 column -.-both mlm*d. 

Tab. 6339. 

ANTHURIUM tbifidum. 
Of uncertain origin. 

Nat. Ord. Aroideje— Tribe Orontie.e. 
Genus Anthurium, Schott (Prodr. Syst. Aroid. p. 486). 

Anthurium {SemaophyUum) tnfidum ; caudice brevi, petiolo foliorum fere 
SSlS "? Ol V Ong r' geniCUl ° ^-ulo, lamina profunde 
lit InS L f a v ^ T« ata ,rJ medl ? m S enicullim ^te cuneatim angus- 
J&SSSt 9-13 poll longooblongo- v. ovato-lanceolato acumbfato, 
nhh S Jl , brevionbus falcriormibus oblongo- vel ovato-ellipticis oblique 

obtusatis, costa media subtus prominente nervis utrinque circiter 9-12 
pedunculo petiohs breyiore gracili, spatha rubescente reflexa oblonao- 
lanceolata spadice breviter stipitato juliforme gracili breviore. 

Anthurium trilobum, Linden, Cat. 1877 ? {tint descr.). 

Of the origin of this interesting Aroid, I am unable to 
speak with any certainty. It is alleged to have been intro- 
duced through the « Challenger » Expedition from the Eastern 
Indian Archipelago ; but no Anthurium is known from that 
region nor have I seen a specimen corresponding to our plant 
in the dried collections made by the naturalist of that expe- 
S . Dr - ^* e ™> fi g urin g it in the « Gardeners' Chronicle ' 
It 1 J i >?' >} haVmg onl y a lea fy s P e cimen to judge from, 
thought it might prove to be identical with Philodendron 
Holtonianum, Schott, of New Granada. Now, however that 
we have had an opportunity of examining flowering' spe- 
cimens, there can be no doubt that the plant is a genuine 
Anthimum, referable, I think, to the "Grex" Semceophyllum 
ot bchott, a division of the genus including, according 
to him, but four species, of none of which do we happen 
to have authenticated specimens at Kew. As I cannot securely 
identify it with the description of any of these, I let it go as 
a probable novelty. The nearest ally of which I have seen 
specimens is a plant which my colleague, Mr. N. E. Brown 


who has specially occupied himself with tho study of tiring 
Aroids, identifies with A. ochrmith/nn, C. Km-h, introduoed 
from Costa Rica. In this species the leaf is by no means so 
deeply trifid nor the lateral lobes elongate and falciform as 
in our plant. 

Descr. Stem in our specimen very short, concealed by 
withered scales. Petioles elongate, slender, nearly terete, 
very faintly flattened upon the inner face, of warm reddish- 
brown colour, ten to eighteen inches in length ; Leaf-blade 
ten to fifteen inches long, broadly deeply trifid, baso broadly 
rounded sub-truncate, or with a broadly cuneate exit into 
the gcniculus, which is half to three-quart i m of an inch long j 
median lobe oblong-lanceolate, acuminate, from the base of 
the leaf to its apex ten to sixteen inches, three and a half 
to four and a half inches broad ; lateral lobes obliquely oblong- 
ovate, obtuse, somewhat falciform, shorter than the median 
lobe, from the geniculus to their apex eight to ten inches, 
all deep shining green above, paler benoaih ; three principal 
nerves divergent from the apex of the petiole, prominent 
beneath, of the lateral lobes giving off the secondary aei 
from three-quarters of an inch to two inohes, and another at 
two to three and a half inches from the base; principal 
lateral veins from median nervure about nine to twelve on 
each side. Peduncle slender, erect, rather shorter than 
the petioles, red or redtlish-brown in colour, as is the more 
or less spreading or reflexed oblong-lanceolate acuminate 
spathe, which is slightly shorter than the slender t 
shortly stipitate spadix. Perianth-eegmenh four, broadly 
rotundate or obovate-quadrate, concave, thickened above, 
overarching the four stamens; filaments much flattened, 
obovate; anther-cells extrorse divergent below. Stigma obtusely 
four-angled.— 2). Oliver. 

nJt of ^,,iT f e fl ° tenlire pl , an V - ****» rt&BfaikmiuA Clipper 
part of peduncle and inflorescence, both natural tin ; i. Pair „f Qowen > and 6 

same, singly, seen from side and above :-„„„,„, 7/,,/ 


Tab. 6340. 

OKEOPANAX Thibautii. 
Native of Chiapas in Mexico. 

Nat. Ord. Araliaceje. — Series Hedere;];. 
Genus Oreopanax, Dene, and Planch. [Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 940). 

Oreopanax Thibautii; glaberrima, foliis longe petiolatis pedatim 5-7-foliolatis. 
foliolis petiolulatis anguste elliptico-lanceolatis v. oblanceolatis basi et apice 
longe angustatis integerrimis glaberrimis, stipulis 0, capitulis J unc. diam. 
breviter pedunculatis in racemum terminalem strictum minute stellato- 
puberulum demum glabratum dispositis, bracteis minutis triangnlaribus acutis, 
bracteolis floribus immixtis elongato-obcuneatis apice villosis, petalis 5. 

Aralia Thibautii, Hart. 

The genus Oreopanax, though so unlike our Ivy, is so 
closely allied to it, that except by habit and locality I do 
not see how the two are to be kept distinct. This remark 
further applies to a host of genera of Araliacece, which, 
when reduced to their technical characters of flower and 
fruit, would be merged into one. As defined in the Genera 
Plantaruin, Hedera is confined to the English Ivy, which 
under various forms, extends all over the north temperate 
regions of the old world, together with an Australian 
representative with pinnate leaves ; the species of Oreopanax 
on the other hand are very numerous, and are all natives 
of the mountainous tropical regions of the new world, 
extending from Mexico to Peru. 0. Thibautii is a native 
of Pine forests in Chiapas, a province of Mexico, whence 
I have seen specimens from Linden (No. 1651), and 
Ghiesbrecht (No. 147). It is very closely allied to, and 
perhaps only a variety of, B. Xalapensis, which has however 
much larger flower-heads, with shorter stouter peduncles, and 
rather broader leaflets. A third closely allied Mexican form 
from Orizaba, has heads only a quarter of an inch in 
diameter, on slender peduncles an inch long ; and a fourth 

JANUARY 1ST, 1878, 

collected by Seeman in Boquitte, has fewer flowers in the 
heads, distinct recurved styles, and much broader leaflets. 

0. Thibautii was received under this name from Ver- 
schaffelt in 1862, and flowered at Kew in 1869 and 
subsequently, in the month of November. 

Descr. A small tree, glabrous except for a minute stellate 
pubescence on the youngest parts. Bnmehei as thick as the 
little finger. Leaves at the ends of the branches, digit at el v 
5-7-foliolate ; leaflets three to six indies long, elliptic- 
lanceolate or ob-lanceolate, gradually narrowed at both ends, 
quite entire, coriaceous, smooth, glossy above, nerves 
spreading; petiole cylindric, 4-8 inches long ; petiolnles one 
quarter to half an inch long. Fbwen (male?) in dense 
globose heads, one third of an inch in diameter, collected in a 
straight terminal raceme a foot long; peduncles stout, half 
an inch long; bracts and outer braoteolea minute, triangular, 
acute ; bracteoles amongst the flowers elongate wedge-shaped, 
with rounded villous apices. Caly r-limb obscurely : >-t <•< »thed. 
Petals 5, triangular-oblong, glabrous. 8k R ith fila- 

ments twice as long as the petals. Ovary (imperfect?) 
with a hemispheric vertex, and short columnar style.— J.D.H. 

Fig. 1. Head of flowers with peduncle and bract: 2, bnd and bracteole : :i. 
flower laid open ; 4, ovary : — all enlarj.,1. 


Tab. 6341. 

Native of Dominica. 

Nat. Ord. Gesnerace.e.— Tribe Cyrtandre^e. 
Genus Bbsuebia, Linn. (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. plant, vol. ii. p. 1015.) 

Besleria Imray; glabemma, caule quadvangulari erecto, foliis sessilibus v 
breyissimc peholatis obovato-oblougis v. oblanceolatis acuminatis serratis 
tasi BMfUstate obtusa mombranaceis norvis utrinque 10-12 floribus axillari 
bus Bolitariis v. fasciculatis, pedunculis calyce aequilongis v. loneioribu«* 
calycis tubo ventncoso puberalo, lobis tubo brevioribus ovatis acutis dorso 
m ira apicem cormculatis, corolla aurea calyce duplo longiore, tubo inferior? 
aubcyhndraceo superne autice ventncoso fauce contracta, lobis parvis 
rotundatis patentibus intus puberulis, staminibus inclusis disco mteri 
tonne, ovario glaberrimo. v 

1>. 1m hay. Hook, in herb. 

Besleria, as established by Linnaeus, contained three 
species, of which one alone, the original Besleria of Plunder 
is retained in the genus, the rest being referred to other 
genera of Gesncracecc. As remodelled byBentham, the modern 
genus retaining as its type the Linmean #. lutea, has besides 
this about 50 species, several of which had been made the 
types of genera by (Ersted and by Bentham himself. The only 
one of these species that has hitherto figured in this Maga- 
zine is B. Leucostema (Il/pocyrta leucostema, Hook tab 
nost 4310) The geographical range of the genus is from 
Mexico and the West Indies to Brazil and Peru, and many 
of the species are undescribed. 

B. Imray is a native of the Island of Dominica, where it 
was discovered by our excellent correspondent of nearly 
half a century's standing, Dr. Imray, and to whom we are 
indebted for both living and dried specimens, the former of 
which first flowered at Kew in 1862. As a species it is 
most nearly allied to the common West Indian B. lutea L., 

JANUARY 1st, 1878. 

which is also found in Dominica, aa well aa in Jamaic 
Vincent and St. Lucia and Martinique, and which has 
petioled leaves. 

Descr. A glabrous erect herb, with smooth obtusely I- 
angled stems. Leave* opposite, lour to seven inches Long by 
one and a half to three broad, sessile, or very shortly 
petioled, glabrous on both surfaces, obovate-oblong or 0D- 
lanceolate, acuminate, serrate, base rounded or subcorti 
nerves 10-12 on each side of the midrib, ascending and 
arched. Flowers solitary or fascicled on the axils of the 
leaves; peduncles half to one inch long, minutely puberu- 
lous. Calyx one third inch long, pnbernlons ; tube inflated, 
tapering to the base ; lobes about equalling the tube, o^ 
acute, with a mucro at the hack of the tip. Corolla jeWow, 
twice as lone: as the calyx; tube oylindrie below, gradually 
becoming ventricose in front close to 
mouth; lobes small, rounded, horizontal, with b few hairs 
on the upper surface, glabrous within the tub 5 
included, rudiment of the fifth strap-shaped. Disk paten- 
ter m. globose, tapering into a stonl styl< ; stigma 
capitate.—'/. /'). //. 

Fig. l. Flown-; -.'.enrol!;! bud open : 8, dial and "\.<v\ —atlenlai 


1 Reeve &.('• 

Tab. 6342. 
BILLBEEGIA pallescens. 

Native of Brazil. 

Nat. Ord. BeomelucetE. — Tribe Axanasse.e. 

Genus Btu-.bergta, Tkunb. et Holm. (Sehultes fil. in Eoem, et Schultes 8y$t. Veg. 

vol. vii. p, 1254.) 

Billbergia pallescens ; acaulis, foliis productis 9-12 suberectis loratis coriaceis 
1-2-pedalibus utrinque viridibus tenuissime albido-lepidotis albo-punctatis 
baud fasciatis, aculeis marginalibus minutissimis, scapo pallido glabro sub- 
pedali sursum braoteis 3-4 magnis lanceolatis splendide rubris proedito, 
floribus 10-20 in spicam laxam cernuam dispositis, omnibus solitaries vel 
inferioribus interdura 2-3-nis breviter pedicellatis, ovario viridi glabro 
oblongo crebre sulcata, sepalis lineari-oblongis glabris viridibus apice 
violaceis ovario longioribus, petalis longe exsertis lingulatis viridibus apice 
violaceis basi squamatis, staminibus petalis pequilongis, antheris oblongis 
aurantiacis, stigmatibus exsertis. 

B. pallescens, K. Koch et Botiche App. Ind. Semin. Hort. Berol. anno 1850 ; 
Walp. Ann. vol. vi. p. 70 ; E. Morren in Bely. Hart. vol. xv. (1865) p. 05, 
tab. 5-G. 

B. pallida and Wiotiana, Hon. 

This is a little known, very distinct Billbergia, similar 
in habit to B. vittata and Moreliana, marked by its 
many-grooved ovary and large green flowers. Tt was 
introduced more than twenty years ago from Central Brazil 
by M. Libon. Our drawing was made from a specimen that 
flowered in the ~Kew collection last November. Our plant 
differed from that figured in the 'Belgique Horticole' by 
having a drooping instead of an erect inflorescence and by 
having all the flowers solitary and none of them subtended 
by the bright re( i bracts which add so much to the decorative 
value of these plants, the highest of these bracts in our 
specimen being placed below the base of the inflorescence. 
In spite of these differences we believe the two plants are 
mere forms of the same species. 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1878. 

Descr. Acaulescent. Produced leaves nine to twelve to a 
tuft, sub-erect, lorate, rigidly coriaceous in texture, the 
largest reaching a length of one and a half or two feet, 
one and a half or two inches broad at the middle, dilated to 
three inches at the clasping base, thinly white lepidote over 
both surfaces, the face dark green, the back paler and more 
distinctly striated, decorated with small scattered round 
white dots, but without any distinct transverse bars, the tip 
deltoid-cuspidate, the marginal prickles very miuute. Scape 
about a foot long, whitish, glabrous, furnished at the top with 
three or four large erecto-patent, bright red lanceolate bracts, 
and below these, in the part hidden by the imbricating 
leaves, a few others which are adpressed to it and paler in 
colour. Spike lax, pendulous, three or four inches long, 
composed of ten to eighteen subsessile flowers. Ovary 
oblong, glabrous, bright green, half on inch long, with 
numerous narrow parallel vertical ribs and grooves. Sepals 
linear-oblong, horny, three quarters of an inch long, naked, 
pale green, tipped with violet. Petals above an inch 
longer than the sepals, Ungulate, green, tipped with 
violet, distinctly scaled at the base. Stamens as long as the 
petals ; anthers oblong, orange-yellow, a sixth of an inch 
long. Stigmas exserted, a sixth of an inch long, much 
twisted. — J. G. Baker. 

Fig. 1, A single petal and stamen; fig, 2, sulcate ovary, style and stigmas: — 
natural size. 


VaiceutpLonkD-. vSoulith. 

L Reeve &C° London 

Tab. 6343. 
ibis cretensis. 

Native of Greece, Asia Minor, etc 

Nat. Ord. Ikidaceje. — Tribe EuiridejE. 
Genus Iris, Tourn. (Baker in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xvi. p. 136) 

Iris {Pogonirh) eretemis ; acaulis, breviter rhizomatosa, foliis pluribus anguste 
linearibus 6-fl-pollicaribua acutis subcoriaceis crebre striatis, spatba? anifloria 
valvis magnis lanceolatis, ovario oblongo sessili, periantbii tubo viridulo 3- 
4-pollicari, limbi lilncino-purpurei 2i-3-pollicaris segmentis oblanceolatis 
sequilongis omnibus longe unguiculatia, exterioribus lamina falcata deorsum 
pallida luteo carinata lineis obliquia lilacmo-purpareifl decorata, interioribus 
paullo angustioribu8 erectis concoloribus, stigmatorum cristis lanceolatis 
extro' sum serrulatis, antberis albidis filamento brevioribus. 

I. cretensis, Janka in Ocstcr. Botan. Zdtschrift 1868, p. 382 ; Baker in Gard. 

Chron. 1876, part ii. p. 143 ; Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xvi. p. 138. 
I. cretica, Herbert in Herb. Keiv.. inedit. 
I. stylosa, var. angustifolia, Boiss. Diagh. part xiii. p. 15 ; Tchihat. Asia Minor 

'Bat. vol. ii. p. 516. 
I. humilis, Sieber, Crete, Basic, non M. B. 

This pretty little Iris has a wide distribution _ round the 
eastern shores of the Mediterranean, as it occurs in Greece, 
Asia Minor, Crete (where it ascends the hills to 3 000 feet 
above sea-level), and the Ionian Islands. It has been con- 
founded with the South Russian and Transylvanian humilis 
and the Algerian ungmcularh, but is quite distinct froin both, 
and the three inhabit different geographical areas. This fact 
was recognised long ago by Dean Herbert, and he gave it, in 
the Hookerian herbarium, the manuscript name of Iris cretica 
but this was never published, so far as I have been able to 
ascertain. It belongs to the small group of acaulescent 
beardless Irises, of which the two species just named, and a 
third (Iris Rossii, Baker in Gard. Chron. 1877, part ii. p. 
809), recently discovered in the extreme north of China, are 
the only remaining known members. It has been introduced 

HCBRCARY 1ST, 1878. 

into cultivation by Mr. Elwes. It flowered with him at 
Cirencester last November, but its proper season is April 
and May, and it is perfectly hardy. Both in this and 
unguieularis I have seen the filaments sometimes decidedly 
cohering in the lower half, as is typical in Morcea. 

Descr.^ Rhizome short-creeping, a quarter or a third of an 
inch in diameter. Tufts crowded, consisting of many leaves 
and a single central flower. Leaves linear, erect, "firm in 
texture, acute, finely striated, not more than a twelfth or an 
eighth of an inch in breadth, the most developed reaching a 
length of six or nine inches. Spathe of two lanceolate acuminate 
pale green valves, sometimes as long as or longer than the tube. 
Ovary oblong, subsessile within the spathe. Perianth-tube 
green, cylindrical, three or four inches long ; limb bright 
lilac-purple, two and a half or three inches long, the seg- 
ments nearly equal in length and all furnished with long 
claws, the blade of the three outer ones reflexing from its 
base, veined in the lower half with bright yellow, and fur- 
nished with many oblique lines of lilac-purple on a. white 
ground ; the blade of the three inner ones rather narrower, 
concolorous, and permanently erect. Blade of the Stigmas 
an inch and a half long ; crests linear, serrulate on the outer 
borders. Anthers white, above half an inch long, shorter 
than the flattened filaments.—,/. G. Baker 

rf^JLJS" ^ thC SPRtllU and **"****** stripped away 




Tab. 6344. 


Native of Upper Assam. 

Nat. Ord- Orchiuea;. — Tribe Vande*. 
Genus Ione, Lindl. (Lindl. Foil, Orchid. lone). paleaceu ; rbizoniate repente, pseudobulbis ovoideis l*vibus viridibus, folio 
6-8-pollicari lineari obtuso carinato enervi basi angustata canaliculate, 
BCapo gracili folio longiore. spica elongata substricta multiflora, bracteis 
pollicaribus erectis lanceolatis acuminatis concavis, fioribus nutantibus 
pollicaribus, sepalo postico lanceolato foriricato pallide viridi purpureo-veuoso. 
lateralibus in laminam sequilongam apice 2-dentatam labello Bnppositara 
connatis, petalis parvulis ovato-rotundatis erosis pallide viridibus. labello 
brevissime unguiculato trullifonni marginibus erosis disco basi bicarinato, 
carinis secus laminam productis et in apicem labelli tumescentem oblougain 
obtusam desinentibus, columna apice bi-aristata. 

I. paleacea, Lindl. Fol. Orchid. lone, p. 2. : Beiokb. /'. in Waip. Ann. vi. 636. 

Dipodium, Griffith. Po.sth. Paper* ; Notulce, part iii. p. lOfi ; lc. Plant. Asiut. 
t. 327./. 1. 

There is some uncertainty as to the native country of this 
plant, of which the only authentic specimen known to me 
is Griffith's, preserved in the Dr. Lindley's Herbarium to which 
the latter botanist has put a ticket with "Darjeeling, Wm. 
Griffith, 1844,' ; upon it. But Dr. Lindley has attached to this 
specimen the note, " Dipodium, Griffith Notulse, t. oocxxvii. 
fig. 1." Now Griffith never was at Darjeeiing, though 
he employed collectors there, and on referring to his Notulse, 
I find that he gives as the habitat " from trees on 
Thumathaya in the Mishmi Mountains ; " and these are in 
Upper Assam. Considering further, that Griffith's drawing 
was made from a living plant, and that no other botanist has 
found the plant at Darjeeling or elsewhere in Sikkim, I think, 
there can be no doubt that the Mishmi Mountains are its native 
country. With regard to the description in Griffith's 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1878. 

' Nbtulte ' it is so disfigured by misprints that no 
dependence can be placed upon it; the sepals and petals 
are described as light fuscous, veined with purple, and the 
labellum as fuscous green, with purplish margins. In Griffith's 
dried specimen the lip evidently retains the brown colour 
of our figure, and the sepals are pale with purple streaks ; 
however the discrepancies are to be explained; our plant 
is unquestionably identical with Griffith's specimen, and 
is the lone paleacea of Lindley. There are two other Mishmi 
species of lone described by Griffith and Lindley, and there 
is also a Sikkim one (I. cirrhata, Lindl.) found by myself, 
which has oblong leaves, and very differently formed 
sepals resembling the rude drawing of Griffith more than 
that of /. paleacea. Oui> plant was received from Dr. King, 
of the Calcutta Botanic Gardens, and flowered in October 
of last year at Kew. 

Descr. Eootstock short, creeping. Pseudobulbs one to 
one and a half inches long, ovoid, smooth, green. Leaf six to 
eight inches long, and one broad, linear, obtuse, narrowed 
into a deeply channelled base, but hardly petioled, keeled, 
dark green. Scape stiff, slender, erect, longer than the leaf; 
its sheaths closely appressed. Spike four to five inches long, 
many-flowered; bracts one inch long, lanceolate, long- 
acuminate, erect, concave. Flowers drooping, an inch long. 
Sepals pale green, with red stripes; posticous lanceolate, 
arched, lateral confluent into a 2 -toothed concave body 
placed under the lip. Petals small, rounded, erose, pale 
yellow-green, spreading. Lip as long as the sepals, trowel- 
shaped, red-brown, margins erose, claw very short; disk 
with two elevated keels at the base, which sink towards the 
disk, and are carried along the mesial line to the tip of the 
lip, where they end in an oblong thick calluss. Column short, 
with 2-spurs from the anther-cells, in which the caudicles of 
the pollen masses are lodged. — J. D. II 

Fig. 1, Flowers ; 2, column ; 3, pollen masses :—all enlarged. 



Reeve &C° London. 

Tab. 6345. 

PLEEOMA gayanum. 

Native of Peru. 

Nat. Ord. Mblastomacxs. — Tribe Osbeckie^e. 
Genus Pleroma, Don. (Benth. and Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 748). 

Pleroma Oayanum ; fruticosum, caule ramisque gracilibus tenuiter strigillosis, 
foliis petiolatis elliptico-ovatis basi acutis obtusis v. subcordatis 5-uerviis 
acutis v. acuminatis serrulatis utrinque appresse hirtis, paniculis ad apices 
ramulorum trichotome corymbosis, calycis villosi lobis subulato-lanceolatis 
tubum campanulatum sequantibus, petabs late obovatis albis basin versus 
stramineis, calyce fructifero globoso setuloso. 

P. Gayanum, Triana in Trans. Linn. Soe. vol. xxviii. p. 40. 

Micranthella Gayana, Triana in Ann. 8e. Nat. ser. 3, vol. xiii. p. Ii50. 

Pleroma is one of the very large genera of the great order 
Melastomacea, to which some of the most brilliant stove 
plants hitherto introduced, and yet to be introduced, belong ; 
of the former, Medinilla magnified (tab. 4533) and Pleroma 
macremtha (tab. 5721) are examples, whilst of the latter, 
Blakea trinervia and B. lancifolia, both West Indian plants, 
and one of them common, are conspicuous instances. With 
regard to Blakea trinervia especially, it is difficult to under- 
stand why a plant so common and so well known in some of 
the West Indian islands for its extraordinary beauty should 
never have become common in our stoves. It has been 
received at Kew from Dr. Imray, of Dominica, but always 
in a dying condition. Some of the most eminent nurserymen 
of the continent have been equally baffled in their attempts 
to introduce it. Like many tropical hard-wooded plants, it 
is not easy of cultivation, or rather, perhaps, impatient of 
confinement during the voyage. 

Of Pleroma upwards of a hundred species, all American, are 
enumerated in Triana's valuable monograph of the Melasto- 


macece, published in the Linnean Transactions ; of these about 
ten have been introduced into cultivation, seven of which are 
figured in this work ; one (tab. 3766) as a Zasiandra, two as 
species of Melastoma (tabs. 2337 and 2630), and the re- 
mainder under their proper generic names. 

Pleroma Gaymmm is one of the least conspicuous of the 
genus, it is a native of Cuzco, in Peru, where it was dis- 
covered by the French Botanist and traveller, Claude Gay, 
and has been since collected by Lechler. The plant here 
figured was imported by Messrs. Veitch, through their col- 
lector, Mr. Davies, and flowered with them in October, 1874. 

Desce. A slender branching herbaceous plant, shrubby at 
the base ; branches tetragonous, covered with appressed 
minute rigid hairs. Leaves three to four inches long, ovate 
elliptic-ovate or oblong, acute or acuminate, base acute 
obtuse or subcordate, both surfaces nearly equally covered 
with appressed rather silky hairs, 5-nerved, with an intra- 
marginal shorter nerve; petiole one third to one half inch 
long. Flotvers one inch diameter, on slender pedicels, collected 
m small corymbs that are arranged in trichotomously branched 
terminal panicles. Calyx-tube campanulate, hispid, as long 
as the subulate-lanceolate lobes. Petals white, suffused with 
straw-colour towards the base, broadly obovate; anthers 
yellow. Capsule bristly at the tip, enclosed in the hispid 
calyx -tube.— J.D. ff. 

Fin;. i. Flower with the petals removed; 2, stamen; :i. ovary:— all enlarged. 



Vincent Brooks, Day- & S^'n.Itnp. 

L Rtava 80CS 

Tab. 6346. 

CKOSSAKDKA guineensis. 

Native of Western Tropical [Africa. 

Nat. Ord. Acanthace/e. — Tribe Justicieje. 
Genus Crossandra, Salitb. (Bentli. et I look./. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 1094.) 

Crossandra guineensis ; herbacea, bumilis, caule brevi petioliscuie furforaceo- 

pubescentibus, foliis breviter petiolatis ellipticis v. oblongo-obovatis obtusis 
basi angustata obtusa v. cordata superne saturate viridibus nervis nervn- 
lesque aureis, subtus rufescentibus costa nervisque pubescentibus, spica sessili 
simplici stricta gracili, bracteis erectis appressis oblongo-lanceolatis mucro- 
nato-aristatis integerrimis v. apices versus ciliato-serratis, sepalis lanceolatis 
acuminatis. corolla pallide blacina tubo gracili curvo, lobis ovatis acuminatis 
3-posticis minoribus. 

C. guineensis, A T « in DC. Prodr. xi. 28 1. 

This charming plant was described by Nees von Esenbeck, 
forty years ago, from dried specimens in the Hookerian Her- 
barium received from the coast of Guinea, but from which 
the beauty of its foliage could not be inferred. Since then it 
has been collected by that most successful of all travellers on 
the Guinea coast, Gustav Mann, who found it in the moun- 
tainous region of the island of Fernando Po, at an elevation of 
2000 ft., and in the Sierra del Crystal range, in lat. 1° N., iu 

The genus Crossandra, though a small one, containing 
only six or eight species, has long been known in cultivation ; 
two species have been figured in this magazine, namely, 
G. undulcefolia (tab. 2186), of India, with vermilion flowers, 
introduced by Eoxburgh in the beginning of the century, 
and C. flava, with golden flowers, tab. 4710, from Sierra 
Leone. Most of the species are Tropical African. 

C. guineensis was introduced by Messrs. Veitch, who sent 
specimens for determination and figuring in October of last 

FERRUARY 1ST, 1878. 

Desce. A low herb, with a woody root. Stem two to six 
inches high, erect, rather stout, rarely branched, light red, 
cylindric, covered, as well as the petioles, with a furfuraceous 
pubescence. Leaves, two to four pairs, horizontal, shortly 
petioled, three to five inches long, elliptic, sometimes obo- 
vate or oblong, obtuse, base contracted obtuse or cordate, 
membranous, deep green above, with golden reticulated 
nerves, beneath reddish, with pubescent midrib and nerves ; 
petiole a quarter to half an inch, stout, reddish. Spike soli- 
tary, sessile, three to five inches high, strict, apex pungent, 
many-flowered ; bracts, many pairs, half to three-quarters of 
an inch long, imbricating, appressed, hard and coriaceous, 
lanceolate, acuminate, with a setaceous pungent point, green 
glabrous, closely striate, quite entire or ciliate-serrate towards 
the tip. ^ Flowers pale lilac. Sepals lanceolate, acuminate, 
quite entire. Corolla tube exserted, very slender, incurved, 
glabrous ; limb five-lobed, lobes acuminate, posterior small- 
est ovate, lateral larger more broadly elliptic- ovate, anterior 
largest obovate apiculate. Stamens towards the mouth of the 
corolla filaments very short ; anthers oblong, acute, margins 
oi cells cihate. Ovary glabrous ; style hairy, stigma small. 

J&1'S^^ ; a?&Z*J. S ' coroUa laid °P en; 4, stamens; 5, calyx and 
style , 6, ovary and disk ; 7, the same cut loncitudinallv -.—all tinmen 



1 Reeve iC°Lo; 

Tab. 6347. 

Native of Northern Bengal. 

Nat. Ord. Pandane.e. 
Genus Pandanus, Linn. (EndUcher, Gen. Plant, p. 242). 

Pandanus unguifer ; humilis, caule gracili prostrato, foliis subdistichis 2-3 pedal- 
ibus l£-2-poll. latis lineari-loratis junioribus abrupte senioribus sensim 
caudato-acuminatis marginibus et costa subtus spinoso-dentatis, syncarpio 
sessili suberecto ovoideo diametro pugilli, drupis obovoideo-cuneatis mono- 
spermis lateribus angulatis vertice hemisplierico lsevissimo medio ungue parvo 
duro nitidoacuto v. emarginato v. 2-dentato v. bicorni abrupte termiiiatis. 

I have failed to identify this dwarf Pandanus with any 
described species, and yet it cannot be an uncommon Bengal 
plant. It is not included in Kurz's Ke vision of the Indian Screw- 
Pines in Seemann's Journal of Botany (v. 5, p. 93). The 
obvious comparison was with Eoxburgh's P. fcetidus, which is 
the common dwarf species of Bengal and Assam, and which 
forms, like this, a bush on the ground in the forest, but that 
plant has a drooping head with very different, longer, nar- 
rower drupes, each with a hexagonal crown that ends in a 
simple spine, sometimes nearly half an inch long ; the drupes 
too, are far more numerous and smaller, I have gathered P. 
fcetidus in Sikkim, Silhet, Cachar and Chittagong, and found 
it very constant in its character, and totally different from P. 
unguifer, whose fruit more resembles that of the arboreous 
P.furcatus. Of this latter, indeed, I have thought that P. 
unguifer might be either the young or a dwarf state ; but 
Kurz describes the drupes of the Indian form of P. furcatus 
as very concave at the top, and the typical state as flat or 
convex at the top ; the very broad barren and more distant 
spines on the margins and midrib of the leaves of P. unguifer 
are also quite unlike those of P. furcatus. I regret not hav- 
ing seen male flowers. 

Dr. Thomson and I found this species in Sikkim, from 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1878. 

the Terai up towards Kursiong to about 3000 ft. ; and 
in the IOiasia Mountains at Joowye about 4000 ft. ; 
and at Nowgong, and I have seen it plentifully elsewhere in 
those regions. The drawing here given was made from Sikkim 
plants sent to Kew by the late Dr. Anderson when superin- 
tendent of the Calcutta Botanic Gardens, and which first 
fruited in July, 1873. 

Desce. Stem stout, one to three feet long, prostrate, as 
thick as the thumb. Leaves subdistichous, one and a half 
to two feet long, by one to two broad, curved, keeled, apex 
in the young plants suddenly, in the older more gradually 
drawn out into a sharply spinulose tip often two to three 
inches long ; marginal spines distant. Fruit as large as 
the fist ; shortly pcduncled, suberect ; of about one hundred 
and fifty drupes. Drupes two-thirds of an inch long, sides 
angular, top hemispherical, with an abrupt median nail-] ike 
claw a quarter of an inch long, which is acute, :2 -toothed or 
forked at the apex, and is very hard, horny and shining ; 
the drupes are 1 -celled and i-seeded. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Apex of leaf; 2, a pair of drupes -.—both enlarged. 


"VniceatBrook , 

Tab. 6348. 
HOODIA Bainii. 

Native of Sout/i Africa. 

Nat. Ord. Asclepiadack^.— Tribe Stapei.ik.e. 

Genus Hoodia, Sweety (Bentk. etHook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 783 ; Dyer in Bot. 

Ma;/, sub tab. 6228 et in Journ. Linn. 8oc. vol. xv. p. 251.) 

Hoodia Bainii j ctespitosa, caulibus cactiformibus erectis cinereis tuberculis 
transversim compressis in spinis fuscis desinentibns et in costas longitmli- 
naliter dispositis crebre tectis, floribus 1-3 summis ramis aggregates pedun- 
culis pollicaribus, sepalis lanceolato-subulatis, corolla cyatbiformi diametro 
tri-pollicari pallida purpurascente-flavida venosa glabra margine dmtibus 
quinque recui-vis, corona exteriore punicea lobis late oblongis obscure bi+idis. 

This very interesting addition to the Cape Flora was 
originally brought by Mr. Thomas Bain from Uitkyk, 
on the road through the Karroo to Beaufort West, in the 
autumn of 1876, and given to Sir Henry Barkly with flowers 
preserved in spirit (from one of which the corona in the plate 
has been drawn). Subsequently Mr. M'Gibbon, the Curator 
of the Cape Botanic Garden, obtained specimens of the same 
plant from Mr. Lycett of Worcester, South Africa ; and one of 
these was brought by the former to this country on his recent 
visit, and presented to the Eoyal Gardens, where it flowered 
in July of last year. From this the drawing for the accom- 
panying plate has been made. 

Hoodia Bainii is, as Sir Henry Barkly has pointed out to 
me, undoubtedly closely allied to //. Barhlyi, from which, 
however, it seems to differ in its more robust habit, larger 
flowers, and scarcely bifid corona. I may take this oppor- 
tunity of putting on record the fact that the plant which 
afforded the materials for my diagnosis of the latter plant 
{Journ. Linn Soc. vol. xv. p. 252), was also brought from the 
Karroo in 1873 by Mr. Lycett, and after flowering in the 

MARCH 1st, 1878, 

Cape Botanic Gardens, damped off as these plants are un- 
happily too apt to do in cultivation ; it has apparently not 
since been found. 

Sir H. Barkly informs me that Hoodia Bainii is known 
locally as Wolves' n J Guaap, the name n' Guaap being also 
given to Stapelia pili/era, Thunb. 

Desce. Stems numerous from the crown, ashy-green in 
colour, erect, cylindric, leafless, younger portions with 
closely-set spirally-arranged laterally-compressed tubercles, 
ultimately confluent into more or less marked prominent 
longitudinal ridges ; tubercles tapering into a stout sometimes 
deflexed brown prickle. Flowers produced near the apex of 
the branches, 1-3 together ; buds acutely pentagonal ; pedicels 
about an inch long. Calyx short, five-partite ; segments acumi- 
nate. ^ Corolla about three inches in diameter, pale buff-yellow 
becoming purplish in decay, cup-shaped, margin with five 
recurved teeth the apices of the obsolete lobes. Corona 
double ; exterior spreading, adnate to the staminal tube by 
five vertical septa, five-lobed, lobes broadly oblong, concave, 
obscurely bifid ; interior of five narrowly oblong incumbent 
scales adnate to the septa and the base of the anthers. 
Anthers short, oblong, inappendiculate, incumbent on the 
stigma, and half immersed in it. Stigma flattened at the apex. 
Pollen-masses erect.— W. T. Thiselton Dyer. 

Fig. 1. Apex of stem with unopened bud, natural size ; 2, gynostemium from 
above ; 8, pollen-masses : — both magnified. 


H.T.D de! 


Tab. 6349. 


Native of tropical Australia and the Pacific Islands. 

Nat. Ord. Oleaceje.— Tribe Jasmines. 
Genus Jasminum, Linn. (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 67f) 

J.smikhm dutpmum; frutex alte scandens glaWma V g *g*^JS*» 
rula foliis 3-foliolatis, foliolis petiolulatis late °Y atls .P^ on r - 3-nerviis, 

maturis solitaries v. didymis ellipsoideo-rotundatis purpmeis. 

r, j ,,. nA p rn j.. vol viii. p. 311 ; -Bentft. 2*W- 

J. didymum, JPori*. Proir. p. 3 ; 1>0. i^rort/. voi. w. f 

Austral, vol. iv.p. 295- 
J.diwicatan, Br.P^.p. 521; «* l.i £*«• **** «** '' * 
J. parviflorum, Dom. Herb. Timor, ft: BO. I. ft P- 31°. 

This very pretty jasmine is a native of tropical and sub- 
tro^al luXlia! and extends into the Pacific mhab^ ng 
Lord Howe's Island, New Caledonia *?. £j"' H^ ' 
in all these conntries frequenting sandy ^^"J^ 
near the sea. It forms a yery elegant ^^J^^ 
with bright green glossy ^^^^Z^noZ^t 
white flowers which appear in ,™"7„» was introdnccd 
indication of the source from which. y. dutijmumv 
into cultivation, hut rather think it was »^ by Mr 
Milne, the collector in Captain Denham's suryeying voyage 
to the Pacific about 20 years ago; since which timers 
been known in the Palm House at Kew as , m o d >nh ab tent. 

Descr. A tall woody climber, usually g^« d •»£ 
but sometimes more or less pubescent, ^fl^Z 
infloresence; branches slender, f smooth tow ^ohok*, 
yery variable in size and form wi th slenae P 
petiolules ; leaflets one and a half to three ana a u 

MARCH 1ST, 1878. 

long, oblong or ovate or orbicular, rarely ovate-lanceolate and 
acute or acuminate, coriaceous and shining, acute or rounded at 
tne base, usually feather-nerved and also 3-nerved at the base ; 
nerves taint ; petiole one quarter to one inch long; petiolules half 
that length or shorter. Cymes scattered along slender panicles 
which usually much exceed the leaves, and are axillary or 
terminal on short branches ; primary branches long and slender, 
or short ; pedicels very short. Flowers half to three-quarters 
ot an inch long pure white ; bracts minute. Calyx* tube short, 
small; limb obscurely toothed or quite entire. Corolla-tube 
slender, slightly dilated upwards; lobes four to six, small, 
broadly-ovate, obtuse. Anthers included, linear-oblong 
^narrowly clavate Eipe earpek one or two, shortly 

pS^BmoX imh l0ng ' elIipS ° id ° r sub -g lobose " 

o^\I^^° n0f fl ° WerS: 2 ' Cal ^ X and °™y' 3. transverse section 



Tar. 6350. 
BONDELETIA odobata, var. bkevifloka. 
Native of the West Indies ? 

Nat. Ord. Rubiace*:.— Tribe Ronbeletie*:. 
Genus Rondeletia, Linn. (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 48.) 

o™tn , ™ If' hrevi fi° m ^ ramis tomentosis.foliisbreviterpetiolatis late 
ovato-oblongis oblongo-rotundatisve obtusis v. subacutis supra scaberulis 

S !7 M ^ SUl)t " S f, d C °l tam " erv0S( l ue P ube ™^, stipulis late triangu- 
lanbus cuspidatis, corollas tubo calycis laciniis linearibus vix duplo Wiore 
ciisco tunudo tomentoso, glandulis inter lobos calycis minutis v. 0. 

The subject of the present plate has been long cultivated 
at Jtew, under the name of Rondeletia speciosa. a plant first 
published in Loddiges' 'Botanical Cabinet,' with a wretched 
ngure, and no botanical description, and which is said closely 
to resemble Jacquin's violet-scented R. odorata, but to differ 
in not having the slightest scent. Now the plant here 
figured is scentless, and has much smaller flowers, with a far 
snorter corolla-tube than either the native Herbarium speci- 
men or the published figure of R. odorata and speciosa, and 
must hence be either a new species, or a variety of one or the 
otner of these. After a careful comparison of the published 
ngures of R. odorata by Jacquin (Hist. Stirp. Americ. t. 61), 
and by Lmdley in the ' Botanical Eegister ' (tab. 1905), and 
tnat by Fitch m the < Botanical Magazine ' (tab. 3953), with 
pose of R. speciosa .in Loddiges (Bot. Cab. t. 1893), and 
in ^axton's Magazine (v. ii. t 242, and v. xvi. t. 354), 
I cannot doubt these two being the same species, as has 
maeed been indicated by Lindley. And a further compari- 
son ot the Kew plant with all those plates and with Her- 
barium specimens of R. odorata, seems to me to indicate it as 
only a shorter coroUad variety of that same plant. In the 
botanical Magazine ' plate specimens, there appear to have 

march 1st, 1878. 

been large glands on the disk between the bases of the calyx- 
lobes ; these glands I find only occasionally in the Kew plant, 
and always very minnte. The disk itself is densely villous in 
the Kew plant and pulvinate, as also in all the wild specimens 
in the Herbarium. The corona of the corolla varies extremely 
in development and margin, the latter being either quite even 
and entire, or obscurely and sometimes irregularly notched. 
The position of the stamens and length of the style all vary 
much and not quite according to any plan, and I find three 
stigmas in one flower with a two-celled ovary. It remains 
to add that the original R. odorata of Jacquin is described 
by him as a native of maritime rocks at Havana (whence 
Loddiges' R. speciosa was obtained), where it forms an inele- 
gant bush, six feet high, with the flowers " smelling most 
sweetly " of violets, and a usually six-cleft calyx and corolla, 
though the stamens are invariably five. 

Descr. An erect branching rather slender shrub, the branches 
and petioles clothed with rather spreading soft pubescence. 
Leaves two to two and a half inches long, very shortly 
petioled, elliptic-ovate or oblong or rounded, obtuse or sub- 
acute, rarely acuminate, above scabrid deep green and raised 
between the nerves, beneath glabrous except the raised slen- 
der nerves and midrib, which are pubescent ; petiole one-sixth 
of an inch long ; stipules broadly triangular, with long cus- 
pidate points. Corymbs one to two inches in diameter, 
branched, with rounded or flattened top, branches and short 
pedicels almost tomentose, bracts linear. Flowers vermilion 
or bright orange-red, with a more yellow eye. Calyx-tube 
obovoid ; lobes linear, obtuse, more than half the length of 
the corolla-tube ; erect, spreading after flowering. Corolla- 
tube a quarter of an inch long, slightly dilated upwards, 
velvety externally ; limb nearly half an inch in diameter ; 
crown at the mouth raised or not entire or crenate or obscurely 
notched. Stamens midway in the tube in one form of flower, 
much higher up and even exerted in others. Disc tumid, 
tomentose. Style stout, hairy towards the base, very 
variable in length, stigma two-lobed. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Flowers cut vertically : — enlarged. 


H.T.D delJ.^ribiliti! 

"Vincent Broci 

L Reeve <3cC° Lc: 

Tab. 6351. 
PTEEOSTYLIS baptistii. 

Native of New South Wales. 

Nat. Ord. Orchide.e. — Tribe Neottie*:. 
Genus Pterostylis, Br. {Be nth. Flor. Austral, vol. vi. p. 352.) Baptistii; foliis radicalibus subrosulatis lanceolatis acuminata 
supra nitidis infimis petiolatis, caulinis in vaginas spathaceas caudato- 
acuminatas sensira desinentibus, scapo unifloro, flore magno erecto, galea 
oblonga lente curva virescente apicibus foliolorum acuminatis fusco-purpura- 
scentibus. sepalis lateralibus basi in laminamlate cuneatam erectam convexam 
connatis, lobis late ovatis in caudas elongatas filiformes galeam amplectentes 
attenuatis, labello lineari medio carinato apice repente angustato appendice 
basilari penicillato. 

P. Baptistii, Fitzgerald, Austral. Orchid, part 1, with a plate. 

The terrestrial Orchids of Australia, though celebrated both 
for their beauty and singularity, have rarely been flowered in 
this country, and more rarely kept after flowering. Amongst 
those who have achieved success in the culture of one kind 
at least is Mr. Williams, of the Victoria and Paradise 
Nurseries, who, in January last, flowered a large stock of the 
very remarkable species here described. It is the sixth of 
the genus that has been figured in this work, the others 
being, P. nutans, tab. 3085, P. curia, tab. 3086, P. Banksii, 
tab. 3172, P. concinna, tab. 3400, and P. acuminata, tab. 3401. 
These all flowered at Kew, but none were kept long in culti- 
vation, though to have kept them ought not to have been 
difficult, for I have myself seen a pan full of one of them at 
Herrenhausen, which Mr. Wendland told me he had had for 
years, and that when simply let alone they flowered annually. 
Cultivators may take a hint from the notes on the genus in 
Mr. Fitzgerald's splendid folio work on Australian Orchids, 
where, under the genus, he states that these Orchids are 
usually found in groups ; "the grouping being accounted for 
by their forming frequently bulbs on the leading roots, m 
addition to the annual bulb formed near the plant to replace 
the bulb of the year. In proportion as this habit is frequent 

MARCH 1st, 1878. 

in a species, that species will be found common or the reverse. 
The production of extra bulbs is favoured by the plant being 
situated, as often is the case, in light leaf mould on the top 
of a rock. In this position the waxy filamentous roots extend 
a long distance on the surface of the stone beneath the loose 
dead leaves and sticks, and protruding here and there into 
the light, form new bulbs. From such situations the bulbs 
are often swept by heavy rains, as they are also, by the 
upcasting of ants, exposed to removal from the fine sandy 
soil in which they grow, and by the burrowing of bandicoots. 
Bulbs thus transported vegetate again, though frequently left 
on the surface uncovered, and a species may in consequence 
often be traced for a long distance through ' tea-tree ' slopes 
and down gullies." 

The sensitiveness of the lip in this genus is a phenomenon 
I have often watched in Tasmania, when I had no idea of 
its significance, which has been inferred from Mr. Darwin's 
observations on other Orchids, and tested by Mr. Fitzgerald. 
In repose the lip hangs forward against the cleft between the 
united lateral sepals, but on being irritated at its base, it 
springs up and becomes embraced, as it were, by the project- 
ing wings of the column, and is thus brought almost in 
contact with the anther. An insect entering or falling into 
the base of the flower irritates the lip, which catches it between 
its face and the column, and in its struggle to escape the 
insect passes upwards over the stigma, and sweeps away the 
pollen masses. These it may take to other flowers, when the 
same process results in a portion of the pollen being retained 
on the stigma. Mr. Fitzgerald, who observed the process on 
a many-flowered species of the genus, remarks that notwith- 
standing the complexity of the arrangement, very few flowers 
comparatively seemed to be fertilized. 

P. Baptistii is a native of the neighbourhood of Sydney, 
where it was found in a" tea-tree " swamp by Mr. Baptist, 
and transferred by him to his Nursery Gardens. 

Bescr. Stem one to two feet high, strict, slender, 1 -flowered. 
Radical leaves three to six inches long, somewhat rosulate, 
petioled, lanceolate, acuminate, shining above, the lowest 
shorter and more ovate and acute or obtuse, the upper 
passing into sheathing spathaceous bracts with long points. 
Flowers erect, two inches long, green, with the tips of the 


Vincent Brooks, D ay & Son Imp 

5oC° London 

Tab. 6352. 
xiphion planifolium. 

Native of Algiers and South Europe. 

Nat. Ord. Iridace^e. — Tribe Irideje. 
Genus Xiphion, Tournef. (Baker in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xvi. p. 122.) 

Xiphion (Juno) planifolium ; bulbo magno ovoideo, tunicis bmmieis membrana- 
ceis, foliis productis 5-6 lanceolatis suberectis acuminatis, spathse sessilis 
ssepissime unifloris valvis magnis lanceolatis, periantbii lilacini tubo 2-4- 
pollicari, limbi segmentis exterioribus oblongo-cuneatis obtusis 2-;j poll, longis 
supra medium falcatis infra medium aurantiaco-carinatis segmentis interi- 
oribus multo minoribus patulis oblanceolatis unguieulatis, stigmatibus 
magnis periantbii segmentis exterioribus suba^quilongis, capsula oblonga in 
centra foliorum sessibl, seminibus globosis testa brunnea. 

X. planifolium, Miller in Garcl. Diet. edit. vi. ; Baker in Journ. Linn. Soe. vol. xvi. 
p. 123. 

Iris alata, Point, Voy. Barb. vol. ii. p. 86 ; Bot. Reg. t. 1876. 

I. scorpioides, Desf. Fl. Atlant. vol. i. p. 40, t. 6 ; Bed. Lil. t. 211. 

I. transtagana, Brotero, Fl. Lusit. vol. i. p. 52. 

I. trialata, Brotero, Phyt. Lusit. vol. ii. p. 44, t. ( .).">. 

I. microptera, Valil, Enum. vol. ii. p. 142. 

This is a most peculiar and unique Irid. It has very 
large generally single delicate lilac flowers, that rise without 
any stem from the centre of a number of leaves, the showy 
part of the flower being made up of the large stigmas and 
large outer segments of the perianth, the three inner segments 
being very small and spreading from the top of the long 
perianth-tube. It is widely spread through the south of 
Europe, extending from Portugal to Sicily, and reappearing 
across the Mediterranean. As it flowers from September 
to January, it can only be satisfactorily grown in England 
under cover, and lately it has been imported and sold in 
considerable quantity to be grown in coloured glasses on 
mantelpieces and in windows, like hyacinths. It has been 

MARCH 1st, 1878. 

known to botanists for the last two hundred years, and there 
is perhaps hardly any other bulbous plant that has received 
so many different names, as it has had six different specific 
names, and the small group of bulbous Irises to which it 
belongs has been characterised as a genus five times by as 
many different authorities. The specimen drawn was 
flowered at Kew at the end of last December, and was 
received from Mr. T. S. Ware, of Tottenham. 

Descr. Bulb ovoid, one or two inches in diameter, with 
brown membranous tunics and a tuft of four or five fleshy 
cylindrical white root-fibres. Produced leaves five or six, con- 
temporary with the flowers, lanceolate, acuminate, suberect, 
about half a foot long, narrowed from near the base gradually 
to the point, moderately firm in texture. Stem none above 
the soil, so that the usually one-flowered spathe is sessile in 
the centre of the rosette of leaves. Spathe valves lanceolate, 
membranous, two to four inches long. Perianth delicate 
lilac with darker blotches; tube cylindrical, three to six 
inches long; outer segments of the limb obovate-cuneate, 
two or three inches long, reflexing considerably above the 
middle, keeled with bright yellow, not bearded ; inner seg- 
ments of the limb about an inch long, oblanceolate unguiou- 
late, spreading from the top of the tube. Stigmas with their 
large dimidiate-oblong toothed crests nearly as long as the 
outer segments of the perianth. Anthers yellowish, about 
as long as the free filaments. Capsule oblong, sessile like 
that of Colchicum on the surface of the soil in the centre of 
the leaves. Seeds brown, as large as a pea. — /. G. Baker. 


Tab. 6853. 
DENDROSEBIS maceophylla. 

Native of Juan Fernandez. 

Nat. Orel. Composite.— Tribe Cichobiaokje. 
Genus DKXDitosEms, Don; (Bcnth. et Hook. / Om. Plant, vol. ii. p. 504. 

DtspKOSKHia maerophyUaj arbor lmmilis, gkbemma, trimco nudo apice monc- 
cephalo, fohis amplis petiolatis oblongis oblongo-rottmdatiBve obtusis v. 
suDacutia smuato-lobatis bad cordatis rotumktisvc, suminis auriculato- 
amplexicaulibus integerrimis, pauicula laxa nutante, pedunoolu braoteatis, 

capitulis 3 poll, diametr. mvolueri urceolato-cainpanulati bracteis herbaceil 
extenonbus ovatis acutis interioribus linearibus acuminata. 

D. macrophylla, Don in Phil Mag. 1832, p. 388; Hook, et Am. in Com*. 

Pot. Mag. vol. i. p. ;)2, 

REAiiiacrantba; Bertero ex Dene, in Gnill. Archie. <le Dot. vol. i. p. oil t ix 
f. a. et t. x ; DO. Prod. vol. vii. p. 2-kS. 

The island of Juan Fernandez is famous for its tree Com- 
positte, of which there are about a dozen species, belonging 
to the genera Dendroscris and liobmwma, the latter one of 
the tribe Senecionidce. In this predominance of tree Com- 
positae it resembles the Galapago Islands, lying much further 
north, and under the equator, as also New Zealand, on the 
other side of the Pacific, and St. Helena, in the Atlantic 
Ocean. ^ In the Indian Ocean, on the other hand, in the 
Mauritius and Seychelles, there are no arborescent Comjjosifw, 
nor are there in the Oceanic Islands of the northern hemi- 

The genus Dendroseris is confined to Juan Fernandez group 
of Islands, and the present species inhabits both the principal 
island and Masafuera, where it was discovered by Bertero in 
1830, growing on the mountains, and flowering in May. 
The D. macrophyUa was imported by Messrs. Veitch, through 
their collector Mr. Downton, the discoverer of the beautiful 

•vpuii, 1st, 1878. 

Wahlenbergia tuberosa, figured at tab. 6155 of this volume, 
and it flowered at their nursery in August, 1877. 

Descr. A small tree, ten to thirteen feet high, with an 
erect slender simple or forked weak cylindrical naked scarred 
trunk, usually terminated by a single tuft of leaves, and 
panicle of flowers. Leaves often a foot long, long-petioled, 
oblong or rounded, obtusely sinuate-toothed or lobed, rounded 
or cordate and auricled at the base, nerves spreading ; petiole 
stout, three to six inches long, semiamplexicaul ; uppermost 
leaves smaller, sessile, deeply cordate and amplexicaul, with 
broad auricles. .Panicle leafy below, loose, open, decurved, 
six to eight inches long ; peduncles stout, spreading, and 
pedicels bracteate throughout their length ; the bracts small, 
ovate, acute. Heads very large, two and a half inches in 
diameter, bright orange-yellow. Involucre one and a half 
inches long, between urceolate and campanulate, truncate at 
the base ; bracts very numerous, herbaceous, outer ovale, 
acute, inner linear, acuminate. Florets excessively numerous, 
quite glabrous ; ligule narrow, minutely 5 -toothed at the tip ; 
stamens slender, style and its arms very slender. Achene 
(immature) obovoid, quite glabrous ; pappus short, rufous, 
rigid.— J". D. II. 

Fig. 1, Reduced view of entire plant of the natural size; 2, floret enlarged. 


L. Re eve <5ci 

Tab. G354. 


Native of the Pacific Islands. 

Nat. Orel. Ouchide^e. — Tribe Epidexdueje. 
Genus Spathoglottis, JJlame ; (Reiohb. f. in Walp. Ann. vol. vi. p. 455.) 

Si'ATHOGT.oTrrs Petri ; pseudobulbis li-poll-diam., foliis pedalibus anguste 
lanceolatis longe acuminatis, scapo gracili superne pubesccnte, vaginis appres- 
sis, bracteis rbombeo-ovatis acutis caducis, pedicellis gracilibus ovarioque 
pubescentibus, floribus l?ete palli<Je lilacinis 2-poll diametr., sepalis ovato- 
oblongis acutis, petalis requilongis sed latioribus fere rotundatis obtusis v. 
apiculatis, labello parvo, lobis lateralibus oblongis, terminaH transverse 
oblongo apiculato medio costato, disco callo late cordato pubescente ocbroleuco 

S. Petri, Reiehb.f. in Gard. Gkron. 1877, pars. 2, p. • - W2. 

I assume that this fine plant, which was received from 
Messrs. Veitch about the time of the publication of S. Petri 
by Eeichenbach, to be the plant of that learned orchidologist, 
though it differs from his description in the lax and few- 
fiowered raceme. It is a native of the South Sea Islands, 
from where it was introduced by Mr. Peter Veitch. Though 
there are several Pacific Island species of the genus in the 
Herbarium, I find that none agrees with this in the very marked 
character of the deciduous bracts ; these organs in the New 
Caledonian, Fijian, Malayan Archipelago, and Indmn species 
being remarkably persistent, even long after the ripening of 
the fruit. 

The genus Spathoglottis is a very beautiful one, but the 
species are not kept long in cultivation, doubtless from being 
over stimulated by heat and moisture throughout the year. 
The S. Khasiana, which I have seen wild in India, grows 
amongst moss in a thin layer of soil on rocks, and its 
pseudobulbs get well ripened during the drier cool season of 
the year. I imagine that the species would do well if treated 
more like Pleiones. There are superb species still to be intro- 

Arnir. 1st, 1878. 

duced from the Malayan peninsula, which is now being opened 
up to travellers, and is still one of the richest, as it is the 
most accessible, field for tropical horticultural novelties. 

Desce. Pseudobulbs as large as and of the shape of a small 
onion. Leaves tufted, a foot long, narrowly lanceolate, 
gradually finely acuminate, plaited with about twelve nerves. 
Scape slender, rather exceeding the leaves, glabrous below, 
pubescent above ; sheaths appressed. Raceme subcorymbose ; 
bracts deciduous, rhombic-ovate, acute ; pedicels and ovary 
pubescent, together one inch long and upwards, red. Flowers 
one and a half inch in diameter, pale lilac,' or rose-lilac. 
Sepals oblong-ovate, subacute. Petals broader than the 
sepals, almost orbicular, obtuse and apiculate. Lip about 
half the size of the petals; lateral lobes oblong, obtuse, 
incurved, darker purple within ; terminal lobe transversely 
oblong, apiculate, pale blue, like the petals ; disk with one 
obtuse ridge down the centre, and between the lateral lobes 
is a heart-shaped villous yellow callus. Column slender, 
purple. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Flower, with sepals and petals removed ; 2, column ; 3, lip :— all enlarged. 



5cC° London. 

Tab. 6355. 


Native of Syria. 

Nat. Ord. Aroide/E.— Tribe 
Genus Ischarum, Blumej {Sehott, Prodi: Sy$t. Avoid, p. 65). 

Isohabum anguitatum ; foliis longe crasse petiolatis oblongo-lanceolatis subacute. 
spatlMB tubo oblongo modice inflate in laminam angustc linean-oblongam v. 
loritbrmem acuminatum saturate purpuream vix angustato, spadicis parte 
foeminea brevi, organis neutris subulatis sparsis, antherarum spica polliean, 
appendice gracillimo atro-purpureo spatha breviore, ovams confertis, stylo 
breA'i adscendente apice recurvo. 

The various groups of Aroidew are pretty well restricted 
in geographical distribution, and of these the subtribe of 
Dracuncidcce, to which Ischarum belongs, is all but confined 
to the Mediterranean region, where it increases in numbers 
to the eastward. In Syria and Palestine the species arc very 
common, growing in the dry open ground, where they flower 
in the autumn rains, and leaf in the following early spring. 
The species here figured was found by myself in Syria in 1860, 
but I cannot tell exactly where, for the tubers were collected m 
September without flowers, and put in a bag with many 
other roots that I dug up as I journeyed along, and to whose 
generic name even I had then no clue. It flowered at the 
Royal Garden first in December, 1861, and formed its leaves 
in the following January in a cool frame. I fail to identify 
it with any described species, and I find nothing like it ; in 
the Herbarium. Another species of the genus, which I had 
also brought from Syria, is figured at t. 5324, under the 
name of I. Pt/rami, Schott, which is, however, a doubtful 

Descr. Tuber the size of a small potato, a depressed 
sphere. Sheaths embracing the base and middle of the spathe 

APEIL 1st, 1878. 

one to two inches long, oblong, subacute, white, membranous, 
tips slightly recurved. Spathe six inches long; sheathing part 
oblong, slightly tumid, about 1 inch long, pale, nearly white, 
quite closed, gradually expanding into a narrowly lmear- 
oblong, subacute, or almost strap-shaped erect blade, which 
is two-thirds of an inch broad, glossy and deep almost black- 
purple, concave below, and almost flat above, pale on the back. 
Spadix very slender; female portion very short; neutral 
part one half inch long, white, with horizontal scattered 
curved subulate neutral organs. Male part one inch long ; 
appendix four inches long, erect, very slender, black-purple, 
gradually narrowed from the base to a fine point. Stamens 
crowded, filament very short ; anthers obtuse, with vertical 
transverse dehiscence. Ovaries densely crowded, purple, with a 
short erect sigmoid style which is decurved and stigmatiferous 
at the tip ; ovule one, basal, orthotropous. —J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Spadix of the natural size ; 2, lower portion of the same ; 3 and 4, 
anthers ; 5, ovary ; 6, the same cnt opened longitudinally, showing the ovule :— 
all enlarged. 



Vincent Brooks, Dav& Son, Imp 


Tab. 6356. 
FEVILLExl Moorei. 

Native of Guiana ? 

Nat. Oxd. GccoaBiTACKJB.— Tribe Fbville«. 
Genus Fevillea, Linn. [Bentli, et Hook. f. Gm. Plant, vol. i. p. 646). 

Fevillea Moorei; elabevrima, foliis ovatis longc acuminatis bad rotundatis tn- 
nerviis membranaceis reticulata lucidis, cirrhis 2-fidis, racemis rnultifions, 
bracteolis parvnlis, noribus masculia amplislateritiis.calycis lacuuis oblongia 
obtusis, cor-ollse lobis rotundatis, staminodiis stannmbus opposite corolUB 
adnatis oblongia obtusis basiconnatis, staminibus brevibua recurvis, anthens 
subglobosis 1-locularibus, connectivo crasso. 

I received this plant in 1871 from Dr. Moore, of Glasnevm, 
who had obtained it from Mr. Tyreman, of the Liverpool 
Botanic Garden, some years previously, under the name of 
" Strychnos Curari," and as being a reputed native ol the 
Gambia, in Western Africa. Now, in so far as is known, 
all the species of Fevillea are indigenous only in the West 
Indies and South America ; and the name ascribed to this ot 
Strychna Curari (which I find in no botanical work) points 
to this having been supposed to be the plant producing the 
famous Curari Wourari or Woorali poison, namely Strycfom 
ttmfera, Benth., a native of Guiana and the Amazon river, 
and which hence render it probable that America is the 
native country of the present plant, On the _ other hand, 
various genera otherwise confined to tropical Eastern 
America, have solitary species in Western Africa ; so that 
this may be an old world representative of a new world 

Fevillea Moorei differ from the other species known to me, 
in its being quite glabrous, having entire 3 -nerved leaves, 
and very large flowers with short staminodes ; the leaves are 
obscurely biglandular at the base on the margin close to the 

afrit. 1st, 1878. 

petiole. The male flowers alone are known, which are very 
deciduous, the pedicel being jointed in the middle. I have 
named after my Mend Dr. Moore, F.L.S., whose eminence as 
a scientific horticulturist is as well known as his garden is ap- 
preciated for botanical interest and beauty. 

Desce. A slender, quite glabrous climber. Leaves alter- 
nate, membranous, three to five inches long, shining, broadly 
ovate, long acuminate, rounded at the base, where are two 
marginal glands, soft, 3 -nerved from the base, much reticu- 
lated ; petiole one inch long. Tendrils very slender, forked. 
Racemes copious, four to five inches long, many flowered ; bracte- 
oles minute. Flowers (males only known) one inch in diameter, 
pale brick red ; pedicel slender, jointed in the middle. Calyx 
divisions oblong, obtuse, green. Corolla-lobes orbicular, or 
broader towards the rounded apex, margins undulate. Sta- 
minodes short, linear oblong, obtuse, opposite the stamens, 
adnate to the corolla and connate at the base into a bright 
golden yellow disk, on which the stamens are placed. 
Stamens with stout recurved filaments, a very thick connec- 
tive, and small adnate 1 -celled, 2-valved anthers. — J. D. II. 

Fi<?. 1, Flower with the corolla removed ; 2, stamen : — both enlarged. 


L. Fie eve 5cC°Lu: 

Tab. 6357. 

AKDISIA Olivebi. 

Native of Oosta Rica. 

Nat. Ord. Myrsine.e. — Tribe Eumyrsinejb. 
Genus Myrsine, Sivartz; (Benth. et Hook,/. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 645). 

Myrsine Oliveri; fruticosa, glaberrima, foliis decurvis breviter petiolatis oblan- 
ceolatis acuminatis in petiolum longe angustatis obscure dentatis glandulis 
immersis transverse oblongis creberrime notatis, corymbis in capitulum 
amplum terminalem densiflorum subglobosum aggregatis, floribua roseis 
pedicellatis \ poll, diametr., bracteis oblongis, calycis lobis ovatis obtusis y. 
erosis, corollas lobis ovato-rotundatis subacutis, filamentis brevissimis hirtellis, 
antheris ovato-lanceolatis apice 2-porosis. 

Ardisia Oliveri, Masters in Oard. Ohron. 1877, pars 2, p. 680. 

By far the handsomest species of the genus hitherto culti- 
vated in England, introduced by M. Endress into Messrs. 
Veitch's nursery, where it flowered for the first time in July, 
1876. Dr. Masters, who has fully described it in the 
' Gardeners' Chronicle,' considers its anthers as opening by one 
pore, but I find an evident septum at the orifice ; he further 
states that the species is not referable to any of the sections 
of the genus which I have established in the Genera Plan- 
tarum, a remark which is founded on a misconception, as I have 
established no sections of the genus, though I diligently 
attempted to do so. In fact, Ardisia is one of the few very 
large genera (it contains about 200 species) which is common 
to all three continents, and in which I have in vain sought 
for sectional characters. 

Desck. A robust green shrub, everywhere quite glabrous, 
with bright green branches and foliage. Leaves shortly stoutly 
petioled, refiexed, five to seven inches long, oblanceolate, 
acuminate, narrowed into the petiole, obscurely toothed, many- 
nerved, rather membranous. Midrib thick; glands exces- 
sively numerous, linear-oblong, brown disposed transversely. 

al-ril 1st, lfc78. 

Inflorescence of numerous peduncled corymbs, disposed in a 
lnrge terminal dense head four to five inches in diameter ; 
peduncles and pedicels of a fine red-purple colour; bracts 
oblong, caducous. Flowers over half an inch in diameter ; 
of a fine rose purple colour with a white eye and golden yellow 
anthers. Calyx campanulate ; lobes ovate, obtuse or erose 
at the apex, marked with linear glands. Corolla-lobes orbicular- 
ovate, subacute, also marked with linear glands. Stamens 
decimate, filament very short, pubescent at the base ; anthers 
curved, ovate- lanceolate, opening by two pores at the summit. 
Ovary glabrous ; style rather short, subulate. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Flower; 2, calyx; 3, stamen; 4, ovary : — all enlarged. 


HID Del 

Vincent Brooks, Dav& Son, Imp 

L Reeve &C London 

Tab. 6358. 
LOXOCOCCUS rtjpicola. 

Native of Ceylon. 

Nat. Ord. Palmes. — Tribe Arecine.b. 
Genus Loxococcus, ( Wendl. et Drude in Linncea, vol. xxxix. p. 185.) 

Loxococcus rupioolaj Wendl. and Drude, l.c. 
Ptychosperma rupicola, Thwaites Enum. PI. Zeyl. p. 328. 
Cabyota mitis, Willd. ? Moon. Cat. PI. Ceylon, p. 65. 

This elegant palm is a native of rocky places in forests of 
the southern and central parts of Ceylon, from whence seeds 
were sent to Kew by oui excellent friend Dr. Thwaites, 
F.K.S., Director of the beautiful Botanical Gardens of the 
Island. Dr. Thwaites describes it as attaining the height of 
thirty to forty feet, and adds that the seeds are chewed by 
the Cinghale'se with their betel as a substitute for those of 
Areca Catechu. It flowered for the first time in the Victoria 
House at Kew in February of this year, and from its graceful 
habit and its coral-like inflorescence, it was a most attractive 

Whilst adopting for the present the genus Loxococcus, I am 
far from thinking that it will stand the test of a revision of 
the tribe Arecince under a very different view of the value of 
generic characters from that adopted by its authors, which 
tends to raise so many closely allied species to mdividually 
generic rank. As, however, such generic names will tor a 
time be current amongst cultivators, and I have not the time 
to revise them, with a view to forming a definite opinion ot 
their relative value, I think it best, in this instance, to adopt 
Loxococcus. . . , 

Descr. Trunk, in our specimen, about eight feet nign, 
conical, and swollen at the base, where it ia four inches in 

may 1st, 1878. 

diameter, rather stout, two inches in diameter above, ringed, 
otherwise smooth, dull green. Leaves about ten, spreading, 
five to six feet long, and three to four broad, pinnate ; petiole 
one to one and a half feet long, stout, with a green smooth 
shortly amplexicaul base ; pinnules twelve to twenty pair, 
rather distant, spreading and somewhat recurved, two feet 
long by two and a half inches broad, sessile, linear, very 
obliquely truncate and notched at the tip, one-nerved, 
bright green, glaucous beneath, with scattered furfuraceous 
scales, young connate. Spathe a foot long, narrowly 
cymbiform, very coriaceous, pale yellow brown when dry, 
dotted with furfuraceous peltate rufous scales, Spadix lateral 
from the trunk below the leaves, dark blood-red, a foot long, 
triangular in circumscription of the panicled branches, which 
are erecto-patent, quite smooth and glabrous ; peduncle short, 
stout, annulate ; branches like pieces of red coral. Flowers 
sessile, blood- red, spirally arranged around the branches of 
the spadix ; males about half an inch in diameter, in pairs 
towards the upper part of the branches; females solitary 
between two males in the lower part ; bracteoles very, short, 
broad, adnate to the branch; outer perianth segments 
rounded ; inner ovate, acute, paler within. Stamens about 
twelve, filaments stout, subacute, equalling the linear anthers; 
rudimentary ovary minute, with three distant stigmas. Female 
flower ovoid, with appressed perianth segments. Ovary 
obliquely shortly ovoid ; stigmas three, minute ; ovule soli- 
tary, obliquely pendulous. Drupe size of a large nut, almost 
globose, narrowed suddenly into a straight rather long point, 
fibrous within. Seed globose, albumen ruminated, with red 
markings; embryo small, lateral towards the base of the 

Fig. 1, Male, and 2, female flowers ; 3, vertical, and 4, transverse section of 
ovary ; 5, drupe ; 6, seed ; 7, vertical section of ditto :— all but 6 and 7 enlarged. 



Tab. 6359. 
ACOKANTHERA spectabilis. 

Native of South Africa. 

Nat. Ord. Apocyne^i. — Tribe Carisse^e. 
Genus Acokanthera, Donj (Benth. et HooJc.f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 896.) 

Acokanthera spectabilis ; foliis breviter petiolatis oblongo-v. elliptico-lanceolatis 
acutis v. acuminatis integerrimis coriaceis nervis indistmctis, racemis 
axillaribus et subtermiiialibus multifloris, calycis lobis ovato-lanceolatis 
subacutis pilosulis, corollae tubo $-pollicari, lobis ovato-lanceolatis subacute. 

A. spectabilis, Benth. in Gen, Plant, vol. ii. p. 696. 

Toxicophlwa spectabilis, Sonder in Linnma, vol. xxiii. p. 79 ; Walp. Ann. vol. 
iii. p. 32 ; Masters in Gard. Chron. 1872, p. 363 cum Ic. Xylog. f. 122. 

The genus Acokanthera was founded by G. Don in the 
1 Gardeners' Dictionary' (vol. iv. p. 485) on Thunberg's 
Oestrum venenatum (and other South African plants having no 
relation thereto), a native of Western South Africa. Sub- 
sequently, Harvey, overlooking Don's genus, established 
Toxicophlwa on the same Oestrum venenatum, and his name is 
taken up by A. De Candolle in the Prodromus, and has conse- 
quently been current for that plant ever since ; subsequently, 
a congener was found in Abyssinia, the Carissa Schimpcn, 
A.D.C. (0. Mepte, Hochst., and Strychnos abyssinica, Hochst,), 
and finally, the present plant was sent from South East 
Africa, and first published as Toxicophlwa spectabilis by Sonder. 
The three known species are probably all of them very 
poisonous. A. venenata {Toxicophlwa Thunbergii), Harvey, 
is the " Gift-boom," or poison-tree of the Dutch and English 
colonists. According to Thunberg, a decoction of the bark 
reduced to a jelly was used by the Aborigines for poisoning 
their arrows ; and of the A. spectabilis, Mrs. Barber writes that 
the seeds are intensely bitter, and the whole plant considered 
by the natives to be a deadly poisonous one. The genus is, 
as Mr. Dyer has remarked (Gard. Chron. l.c), too closely 

MAY lsx, 1878. 

allied to Carissa, differing chiefly, if not solely, in the want 
of thorns. 

A. spectahilis is a native of the Western districts of South 
Africa, from Albany to Port Natal, where it forms a large 
shrub, with masses of white very fragrant flowers, on woody 
sand-hills near the sea. It was introduced by Mr. B. S. 
Williams, and exhibited by him in 1872. Our specimen 
flowered at Kew in February of the present year. 

Desce. A large shrub, quite glabrous, except the inflores- 
cence, which is slightly hairy or almost glabrous ; branches 
stout, green, obscurely angled. Leaves three to five inches 
long, narrowed into a very short thick petiole, coriaceous, 
elliptic- or oblong-lanceolate, acute, acuminate, or apiculate, 
shining above with very obscure spreading nerves, paler and 
opaque beneath. Flowers in dense fascicled axillary branched 
short cymes, sometimes forming a globose head towards the 
top of the branch, pure white, very sweet-scented ; peduncles 
and pedicels very short ; bracts minute, broadly ovate. Calyx- 
lobes ovate-lanceolate, green, subacute, hairy. Corolla-tube 
three-quarters of an inch long, slender, slightly enlarged 
upwards, sparsely hairy in the throat ; lobes spreading, ovate- 
oblong, acute. Stamens included, inserted near the mouth of 
the corolla, filaments very short ; anthers broadly ovate, with a 
pubescent terminal claw. Stigma conical, hairy, emarginate. 
Ovules attached towards the base of the septum. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Flower ; 2, calyx ; 3, vertical, and 4, transverse section of ovary ; 5, 
top of style and stigma ; 6, stamens :— all enlarged. 


H T.D.Del 

Vincent Brook 

Tab. 6360. 

Native of Southern Italy and Algiers. 

Nat. Ord. Aroideje. — Tribe Alleluchie^. 
Genus Ambrosinia, Bassi; (Schott. Prodr. Syst. Aroid. p. 19). 

Ambrosinia Bassii, Linn. Syst. Veg, p. 689. Blume, Rumphi, vol. i. p. 81, t. 36. 
Cesati in Linncea, vol. xi. p. 281, t. 5. Kunth Enum. PI. vol. iii. p. 10. 
Bivoni, Stirp. Rar. Sic. Manip. vol. iii. p. 9. Gussoni, Syn. Flor. Sic. vol. ii. 
pars 2, p. 594. Bertol. Fl. Ital. vol. x. p. 252. Parlat. Fl. Ital. vol. ii. 
p. 231. 

For the opportunity of figuring this singular and interesting 
little Aroid, I am indebted to Mrs. Grant Duff, who accom- 
panied her husband, Mr. E. Grant Duff, M.P., F.L.S., of 
York House, Twickenham, to Algeria, in the winter of this 
year, and brought living plants, which she presented to 
the Royal Gardens, and which being in bud, flowered in 
February. It is one of the most curious of European plants, 
presenting with something of the habit of Asanim, a floral 
economy in many respects resembling that of some of the 
terrestrial orchids. Thus the tail of the spathe resembles 
that of the sepals of a Masdevallia, and the tongue-shaped 
spadix as seen in the section of the inflorescence (fig. 2), with 
its pappillose upper surface next the ovary, and its anthers on 
the under surface behind its recurved tip, in its position towards 
the ovary recalls the lip of many genera of Orchids, notably of 
Pterostylis. This arrangement, which precludes the possibility 
of the pollen reaching the stigma without aid, is no doubt 
intended to facilitate cross-fertilization by insects, a process 
which, in so far as I am aware, has never been enquired 
into in this genus. The geographical range of Ambrosinia 

MAT 1st, 1878. 

Bassii, is very limited ; Parlatore gives Sicily and Calabria 
on grassy hills, Sardinia, the Isles of Lampedusa and 
Linosa, to which is added Algeria, where it is probably 
not uncommon, as we have seen dried specimens from 
various sources. 

Descr. Roots of stout fibres from an oblong tuberous 
subterranean rhizome the size of a nut, which is white and 
floury within. Leaves two to three from the rhizome, 
long-petioled, two to three inches long, membranous, 
oblong, rounded at both ends, emarginate, pale-green, 
with a midrib, and few very oblique almost longitudinal 
nerves, connected by reticulate venation; base sometimes 
cordate; margin quite entire and even or beautifully 
crisped; petiole one to two inches long. Spathe three 
quarters of an inch long, on a short decurved peduncle, 
broadly ovoid, convolute and closed except for an ovoid 
opening towards the top, suddenly contracted into a stout 
filiform recurved brown tail as long as the bud, green 
mottled with lurid purple within and without. Spadix 
entirely included, adnate to the posterior inner surface of 
the spathe, and one third shorter than it, flattened trans- 
versely and stretching across the cavity of the spathe, thus 
dividing the latter two-thirds of its (the cavity) length into 
an upper and lower chamber ; tip of spadix truncate, with 
a recurved median purple subulate appendage, that points 
downwards in the lower chamber ; upper surface studded 
with elongate papillee, lower antheriferous. Ovary 
solitary in the base of the spathe at the insertion of the 
spadix, globose or flagon-shaped, one-cellled; style short, 
stout, decurved, stigma peltate ; ovules numerous on a free 
central tumid placenta, straight, narrow, orthotropous, with 
thick erect funicles ; apex truncate. Anthers eight to ten, in 
two rows along the mesial line of the spadix, 2 -celled, (or 
sixteen to twenty, and one-celled) yellow, sessile ; cells 
divaricating. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Plant of nat. size ; 2, longitudinal section of spathe and spadix ; 3, 
dorsal view of spathe cut open, so as to show the antheriferous under surface of 
the spadix ; 4, vertical section of ovary, base of spathe, and tip of peduncle ; 5, 
ovule : — all enlarged. 



Vlacint Brooks. Ua-v 

L Reeve <5c C° L, o : 

Tab. 6361. 
GREVILLEA ericifolia. 
Native of Hast and South Australia. 

Nat. Ord. Pboteace^:. — Tribe Greviixee.«. 
Genus Grevillea, Br. (Benth. Flor. Austral, vol. iv. p. 417). 

Grevillea (Ptychocarpa) ericifolia; frutex gracilis ramosus diffusus v. suberectus, 
ramulis foliisque pilosis v. pubescentibus, foliis sessilibus patulis linearibus 
acuminatis rigidis v. flaccidis longe acuminatis marginibus recurvis, racemis 
terminalibus brevibus paucifloris pedunculatis decurvis v. pendulis, pedicellis 
gracilibus, periantbii glabri intus barbati tubo \ poll, longo brevi late gibbo 
infra limbum revolutum obliqunm constricto, toro erecto, glandula lata semicn- 
culari, ovario sessile dense villoso, stylo crasso elongato, stigmate laterali. 

G. ericifolia, Br. Prot, Nov. Boll. p. 20. Meissn. in DG. Prodr. vol. xiv. p. 3fi5. 

Benth. Fl. Austral, vol. v. p. 444. 
G. Latrobei, Meissn. in Plant. Preiss. vol. i. p. 539, et in DC. 1. c. p. 364. 

This and the equally beautiful little Grevillea Thelemanniana, 
Endl. (G. Preissii. Meissn. Tab. nostr. 5837), have proved 
very attractive ornaments both in the conservatory and 
temperate house of Kew for some years past, forming neat 
pot plants, flowering in midwinter, and remaining for several 
weeks in flower. They are examples of avast number of 
beautiful and interesting greenhouse plants still to be in- 
troduced into cultivation from Australia, whose once prized 
relatives have been elbowed out of cultivation by " soft- 
wooded » greenhouse plants of greater show but less grace 
and interest. Of the genus Grevillea alone there are upwards 
of one hundred and fifty species, amongst which are some 
of great beauty. . . 

G. ericifolia was raised from seeds sent by our indefati- 
gable correspondent Baron Von Mueller, F.K.S., of whom it 
is not too much to say that he is the greatest Colonial 
Botanist that has ever lived, alike eminent as a traveller, a 

MAY 1st, 1878. 

collector, and a describer of the vegetable products of his 
adopted continent ; it has a wide range in Australia, from the 
interior of New South "Wales to Melbourne and Port 

Descb. A small shrub, with a stout woody stock, and 
numerous spreading slender leafy branches, all parts more or 
less pubescent, hairy, or even tomentose. Leaves scattered, 
three-quarters to one and a quarter inch long, sessile, spreading, 
linear or linear-subulate, long accuminate, with recurved 
margins, strict or rather nexuose, sometimes almost acicular 
rigid and pungent, pale green. Racemes terminal and on 
short lateral shoots, few flowered, peduncled, recurved or 
pendulous; peduncle one half-inch long, slender; pedicels 
one quarter-inch long, spreading. Perianth bright red, half to 
three-quarters inch long ; tube short, very gibbous, truncate 
at the base, suddenly contracted below the strongly recurved 
short oblique limb, which has very short segments, within 
tomentose below the middle. Torus straight ; gland thick, 
semicircular. Ovary sessile, villous on one side ; style very 
long and stout ; stigma lateral. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Flower; 2, the same with the perianth laid open; 3, vertical, and 4, 
transverse section of ovary ; 5 and 6, leaves : — all enlarged. 


RT. D.Del. 


Tab. 6362. 

Native of Italy. 

Nat. Ord. IbidacejE.— Tribe IxiejE. 
Genus Ckocus, Tournef. {Baker inJourn. Linn. Soc. vol. xvi. p. 79.) 

Croccs etruscus ; cormo globoso, tunicis exterioribus fibns crassis reticulars, 
foliis 2-6 synanthiis anguste linearibus albo-vittatis margmibus revolutis, 
spatba basali nulla, spatha propria monopbylla, penantlm tubo segmentis 
duplo longiori, fauce glabro luteo, segmentis oblongis obtusis intus liiacinis, 
exterioribus dorso pallidioribus fasciis 5 lilacinis phimosis percursis, inten- 
oribus basi solum vittatis, staminibus luteis, stigmatibus aurantiacis 

C. etruscus, Pari. Fl. Ital. vol. iii. p. 228 ; Baker in Gard. Ghron. 1876, p. 622; 
Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xvi. p. 82. 

We owe this interesting addition to our stock of culti- 
vated Crocuses to the enterprise and energy of Mr. George 
Maw. Before 1876, not even a dried specimen had reached 
England, and it was known to us only by the description ot 
Parlatore. Mr. Maw undertook an expedition to Italy 
expressly for the purpose of hunting it out, and after mucn 
trouble, succeeded in accomplishing his object. The locality 
where he obtained it was Salita de Filetto, near Massa 
Marittima, in the Tuscan Maremma, where he found it in 
plenty, in full flower, at the middle of March. It is a well- 
marked species, taking a place in the series of vernal Udon- 
tostigmas, midway between Sieberi and reticulata {yariegatus). 
It has the coarse corm-coats of the latter, with a perianth 
limb like that of the former on the inside, but approximating 
to that of variegatus by having the outer segments distinctly 
striped externally from the summit to the base. The present 
plate was drawn from specimens presented by Mr. Maw, 
which flowered at Kew this present spring. 

Desce. Corm subglobose ; outer tunics as in C. reticulatus 
and Susianus, composed of coarse reticulated fibres. Leaves 

MAY 1ST, 1H7H 

two to six, contemporary with the flowers in March, narrow 
linear, with revolute edges and a distinct white central band. 
Top of the flower five or six inches above the top of the 
corm. Basal spathe none. Proper spathe monophy.llous, 
whitish, clasping loosely the tube of the perianth. Perianth- 
tube two or three inches long, distinctly striped with lilac 
lines. Throat yellow, glabrons. Segments of the limb 
oblong, obtuse, an inch or under cultivation an inch and a 
half long, all bright lilac-purple inside, the three outer with 
five distinct feathered lilac stripes on a pale ground all the 
way down the back. The three inner striped at the base 
only. Stamens more than half as long as the perianth- 
segments, anthers and filaments both bright yellow. Stigmas 
bright orange-yellow, undivided, overtopping the anthers. — 
J. 6?. Baker. 




L Reeve &.! 

Tab. 6363. 

Native of Tropical Africa. 

Nat. Ord. Composite. — Tribe Senecionide/E. 
Genus Senecio, Linn. (Benth. et Hook. f. Oen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 446). 

Senecio subscandens ; herbaceus, alte scandens, glaberimus, ramulis elongatia 
pendulis cylindraceis foliosis, foliis ovato-oblongis longe petiolatis pinnati- 
partitis 3-8-pollicaribus, petiolo basi auriculato, lobis utrinque 2-5 distan- 
tibus orbiculato-ovatis basi lata superne et inferne decurrentibus grosse 
sinuato-dentatis, terminali subdeltoideo basi profunde cordato, capitulis 
in cyraas ramosas rotundatas longe gracile pedunculatas dispositis rotundatis, 
capitulis i-pollicaribus angustis breviter gracile pedicellatis, involucri basi 
pauci-braeteolati bracteis 5 lineari-lanceolatis, floribus 10-12 tubulosis flavis, 
acheniis costatis setulosis. 

S. subscandens, Hochst in Herb. Schimper. Abyss, iii. n. 1926 ; A. Rich. Flor. 
Abyss, vol. i. p. 434 ; Oliv. Fl. Trop. Afric. vol. iii. p. 421. 

A very fine hothouse climber, which has been for many 
years cultivated in the Palm House of the Royal Gardens, to 
which it was presented by the late Dr. Welwitsch. It was first 
described from Abyssinian specimens, but it has also been 
found by Meller during Livingstone's Zambesi expedition, 
near the Murchison falls. It belongs to a small scandent 
section of the genus of which there are several tropical 
African and South African species. In the Palm House it 
forms a rambling herbaceous climber, trained up one of the 
iron girders, and flowering freely in January. 

Descr. A tall climber, but not twining ; stem and branches 
cylindric, succulent, green, with linear blotches. Leaves 
five to nine inches long and two to four inches broad across 
the lobes, long-petioled, the petiole rather slender, coloured 
like the stem, with two small broad auricles at the base, 
which are semi-amplexicaul ; lobes two to six pair, and 
a terminal one ; lateral lobes rounded ovate or trapezoid or 
almost orbicular, distant, adnate, with their bases prolonged 
both up and down the rachis, very coarsely sinuate-toothed, 
the teeth irregular, acute, quite entire, dark green, with 

MAY 1st, 1878. 

pink veins; terminal lobe deltoid, deeply cordate at the 
base. Cymes axillary and terminal, long-peduncled, much 
branched ; the alternate forming subglobose long-peduncled 
heads; dark ochreous yellow; bracts at the base of the 
peduncles and of the involucre small, subulate. Heads half 
of an inch long, on short slender pedicels, cylindnc. 
hivolucral hracts five, broadly linear, subacute, margins 
hyaline, green, reddish towards the tips. Flowers about ten, 
all tubular and hermaphrodite, exceeding the involucre. 
Corolla-tube slender ; lobes short. Anthers entirely exserted. 
Style exserted, arms slender, with short terminal cones. 
Achene short, ribbed, setulose ; pappus snow-white, soft.— 
J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Head ; 2, flower ; 3, style-arms :— all enlarged. 

Tab. 6364. 

Native of Guinea. 

Nat. Ord. Amauyllidace*:.— Tribe Hjemantue^e. 
Genus H^emanthus, Linn. ; (Kunth, 1'Jnum. vol. v. p. 586). 

HmANTHUS (Nerissa) Mannii; caule foliifero specialx post ^™XSS' 

scapo subpedali maculate, umbellis 30-40-flons, brae ; teis iMd« reflets 
noribusbrevioribus, pedicellis flore 2-3-plo brevionbus, pe^ntlui^ scsqui 
pollicaris tubo segmentis paulo brevionbus, stamimbus breviter exsertis. 

Of this section Nerissa of the genus Ilwmanthus which is 
characterised by its narrow reflexing bracts, large thin leaves, 
lax inflorescence and spreading perianth-segments, the number 
of known species has increased rapidly during the last tew 
years. Its type is the old well-known H. ^W°™°{ **» 
Leone. At the date of the publication of the fifth volume 
of Kunth's Enumerate (1850), only three species were 
known, and now the number has been increased to ten, ail 01 
them tropical or subtropical. The present plant closely 
resembles H. cmnabarinus of Decaisne (Bot. Mag- tab. 
5314) in the separate flowers and whole inflow cence 
but in that species the leaves are produced *P™ J™« 
petioles from the base of the flowering stem whilst 
in our present plant the leaves as in H. "££"£ 
grow upon a special stem, which » f^ ****^ 
scape, and do not arrive at maturity nntal after the flow r 
are faded. It was gathered in April, lJ«.X*Mrf 
banks of the Bagroo river, but was not Reduced into cul- 
tivation until last year, when it was sent to Mr. BnUj ,from 
Liberia, by his collector Mr. Carder ^ &™*£" 
from a specimen presented by Mr. Bull, which flowered at 
Kew this present Spring. Ao«W 

Descu. RooMocL large globose conn ^"-Vjjg 
cylindrical root-fibres. Leaves produced upon a sepaiatc 

jcne 1st. l>iy. 

stem, which is developed later than the scape, five or six in 
number, oblong, acute, bright green, thin in texture, half a 
foot or more long, the curved main veins connected by very- 
fine and close oblique cross bars. Scape about a foot long, 
solid, terete, spotted with bright claret blotches on a pale 
ground. Umbel of from thirty to forty flowers, centripetal, 
four or five inches in diameter when expanded ; bracts linear, 
red, membranous, rcflexing, an inch and a half long ; pedicels 
bright claret-red, half or three quarters of an inch long. 
Flowers bright scarlet, fading to crimson, an inch and a half 
long ; ovary very small, green, round- oblong ; perianth- tube 
cylindrical; segments spreading or reflexing, linear-lanceo- 
late, a little longer than the tube. Filaments the same 
colour as the perianth-segments, finally a little exserted; 
anthers very small, oblong, versatile, yellow. Style entire, 
scarcely longer than the stamens. — J. G. Baker. 




L P^eev-e &.C?Lon.olon 

Tab. 6365. 

Native of Armenia. 

Nat. Ord. Liuace.e.— Tribe Tulii'k.k. 
Genus Fritularia, Linn. ; [Baker ittJourn. Linn. Sue. vol. xiv. p. 251). 

Fiurn.T.AniA armena; bulbo parvo globoso, caule semipedali vol pedah umlloro, 
foliis 4-5 alternis ascendontibus acutis, inferioribus lancoolatis, supenonboa 
linearibus, perianthio inrondibulaii-campanulato livide purpura) Bubpolli- 
cari, segments obovato-oblongis cxtus glauoescentibus intus baud tessellatis. 
foveolaparva oblouga propc basin proeclitis, staminibus perianthio paulo 
brevioribuB, stylo ovario sequilongo apice stigmatoso obscure tricuspidato 
interdum exserto. 

F. armena, Boiss. Diaon. part vii. p. 10(>. 

This little Fritillary is interesting as forming a connecting 
link between the two sections Monocodon and AmbUrum, 
the first marked by its distinctly trifid and the latter by its 
entire style, in both cases in combination with a small globose 
bulb, with only two or three thick tnnic-scales and a capsule 
with rounded lobes with shallow interstices. Of the species 
of the latter section it approximates to F. tuUpifolia, M. B. 
(Bot. Mag. tab. 5969), and F. dasyphylla Baker (Bot. Mag. 
t 6321); and of the former to F. grceca, Boiss. ; resembling 
all these three in its comparatively dwarf habit and lurid- 
purple flowers, without any distinct tessellation. The typical 
plant from Armenia is represented on the left-hand side ol 
the plate. The drawing was made from a living specimen 
received at the end of March from Mr. George Maw, who 
procured the bulbs from Jas. ^ohrab, Esq., the British 
Consul at Erzeroum. We have dried examples in the kew 
herbarium from the same gentleman, and from two other 
collectors, Aucher Eloy (from whose specimens Boissier s 
diagnosis was made), and Iluet du Pavilion. The latter 
localises it on the Tech-dagh, above Erzeroum, at an elevation 

1st. 1878. 

above sea-level of from seven thousand to eight thousand 
feet. The plant drawn on the right-hand side of the plate 
was received from Mr. Maw at the same time. It was pro- 
cured by him in the neighbourhood of Smyrna^ has a yellow 
flower, and may prove when better known, to bo distinct 

Descr. Bulb globose, about half an inch in diameter, with 
two large fleshy brown tunic scales. Stem half a foot or a 
foot long, with a single cernuous flower. Leaves four or 
five, alternate, erect, all remote from both the flower and 
the bulb ; the lower ones lanceolate, two or three inches 
long, the upper ones linear. Perianth about an inch long, 
between funnel-shaped and campanulate ; segments obovate- 
oblong, dark purple, untessellated, obtuse, minutely ciliated, 
glaucescent on the outside, the face paler and faintly ribbed, 
the nectary a minute oblong, greenish depression at the base 
of the segment. Stamens nearly as long as the perianth ; fila- 
ments purple, pilose ; anthers linear-oblong, about a quarter 
of an inch long. Style as long as the green clavate ovary, 
obscurely tricuspidate at the tip, reaching to the top of 
the perianth- segments or sometimes a little exserted. — /• 
G. Baker. 




L Reeve 4.C London 

Tab. 6366. 
Native of South Western Australia. 

Nat. Orel Epacrtdete.— Tribe Styphelie/k. 
Genus Leucopogon, R. Br.; (Benth. ct Hooh.f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 614). 

Leucopogon vertieillatus j frutcx erectus glaberrimus, foliis 5-8-natim verticillatis 
sessilibus lanceolatis v. lineari- v. oblongo-lanceolatis acutis v. acuminata 
nervis perplurimis tenuibus lineatis, subtus glaucis, spicis axillaribus loins 
multo brevioribus v. iis sequilongis gracilibus densilloris. pedunculo brevi 
dense bracteato, bracteis bracteolisnue obtusis, floribus minutis ghibns, 
sepalis ovatis acutis ciliolatis tubo corollre glaberrimo multo brevioribus, 
corolla lobis tubo dimidio brevioribus intus basin versus barbatis, anthens 
linearibus medio dorso aflixis. 

L. verticillatus, Tl. Br. Prod,: Fl. Nov. Holl.y. 541; DC. Prodr. vol. yii p. 745 ; 
Bonder in Plant. Pratt, vol. i. p. 901 ; P. MuM. Fragment, vol. iv. p. 122 ; 
Betith. Fl. Austral, vol. iv. p. 184. 

L. glaucescens, DG. Prodr. vol. vii. p. 745. 

Sttphelia verticillata, Spreruj. Syst, vol. i. p. 866 ; F. Muell, Fragm. vol. vi. p. 48. 

Lissanthe verticillata, Lindl. Swan fthrr Bot. App. p. 25. 

A very singular form of the great genus Leucopogon, which 
numbers nearly one hundred and twenty species in Australia, 
and most of which have small heath-like leaves. Some, 
however, have flat leaves, of which, besides the present plant, 
L. lanceolatus (Plate 3162), and L. Rnhei (Plate 3251), are 
examples. Again, by far the majority have scattered leaves, 
whereas this and a few others have them so closely approxi- 
mate as to be practically whorled ; these have usually highly 
polished stems and branches, with circular scars, and the 
inflorescence being axillary, is also more or less whorled. 

The great beauty of L. verticillatus is due to the tender 
rose-colour of the young leaves, which appear in drooping 
masses surrounded at the base with rigid sheathing scales. 
The flowers nre very minute. I am indebted to Isaac 

Andrew Henry, Esq., for a living specimen of this remarkable 
plant, which flowered in antumn of last year ; it was raised 
from seed sent from Western Australia, where the species 
inhabits the country from King George's Sound to Swan 

Eiver. . , 

Descr. A tall, smooth, glabrous shrub, several leet high, 
with very slender cylindric polished brown branches, marked 
with annular scars. Leaves towards the ends of the branches 
in whorls of five to eight, one and a half to five inches 
long, sessile, spreading and decurved, lanceolate, of 
variable breadth, acute or acuminate, usually very finely ; 
pale green above, with numerous very slender parallel nerves, 
connected by very slender longitudinal nervules ; glaucous 
beneath. Spikes axillary, slender, very variable in length, 
usually shortly peduncled, very many-flowered ; peduncle 
clothed with minute ovate concave bracts ; rachis slender. 
Floivcrs very minute, about one-tenth of an inch long, pale 
rose-coloured ; bracteoles ovate, obtuse, shorter than the calyx. 
Sepals ovate- oblong, acute, ciliolate, not half the length of 
the glabrous corolla tube. Corolla lobes narrowly ovate, 
bearded below the middle within. Anthers long, linear, 
attached by the back at the middle to a short stout filament. 
Disk 5-crenate. Ovary usually 5 -celled ; style short.— J. DM. 

Fig. 1, Flower ; I, ovary and disk; 3, transverse section of ovary ; 1, stamen 
— ail enlarged. 


H.T.D. del 


Tab. 6367. 

Native of South Brazil. 

Nat. Ord. Amaryllidace/e.— Tribe Amaryllide^e. 
Genus Griffinia, Ker ; {Kmth, Eiunn. vol. v. p. 542). 

Griffima ornata; bulbo ovoicleo coUo producto, foliis 6-8 synantlms petwlatis 
oblongis acutis subpedalibus venulis transversahbus creberrimis scapo 
lateral! compresso pedali vel sesquipedali, umbellis 10-20-ilons, bracteis 
paUidis oblongo-deltoideis, pedicellis flore subduplo brevionbiis ilonbus 
pallide lilacinis 2^-3 poll, longis, tubo brevi, segmentis oblanceolatis acutis, 
staminibus inclusis suprema abrupte recurvata, stylo ad apicem stigmatosam 

G. ornata. T. Moore hi Qard. Okrm. 1870, part i. p. 266, fig. 47. 

This new Griffinia, for horticultural purposes, surpasses all 
the other known species, with the exception of the very rare 
G. dryades (Bot. Mag. tab. 5786). It is a typical Gnffinta, 
most like the old well-known G. hyacinthina, but is much more 
robust in habit, with more numerous larger leaves with closer 
cross-vcining, and larger flowers mounted on long pedicels. 
Like all the other species, it is only adapted for stove-cultiva- 
tion. It was first imported by Mr. Bull, in 1875, from the 
neighbourhood of Eio Janeiro. Our drawing was made from 
a plant presented by him to the Kew collection, which 
flowered in February, 1878. . 

Descr. Bulb ovoid, three or four inches m diameter, with 
many brown tunics and a produced neck three to six inches 
long. Leaves six or eight to a bulb, contemporary with tnc 
flowers, with a deeply channelled petiole much shorter than 
the blade, which is oblong, acute, about a foot long, cuncate 
at the base, bright green on the upper surface paler 
green beneath, with about fifteen vertical ribs on each side 
of the costs, which are connected by very fine close oblique 
cross-bars. Scapes lateral, sometimes two to a bulb, a toot or 

JUNK 1ST, 1H7N. 

a foot and a half long, rather compressed. Umbel centripetal, 
iO-20-nowered ; bracts pale-green, deltoid, about as long as 
the pedicels, which are one and a half or two inches in length 
and subtended by linear- subulate bracteolcs. Perianth pale 
lilac, two and a half or three inches long ; ovary oblong- 
triquetrous, green ; ovules two in each cell, erect ; tube very 
short ; segments oblanceolate, acute, about a third of an inch 
broad. Stamens six, declinate, shorter than the perianth- 
segments, the uppermost abruptly recurved ; anthers small, 
linear-oblong, pale lilac. Style entire, a little longer than 
the stamens ; stigma capitate. — J. G. Baker. 



I Reeve 8c C° London 

Tab. 6368. 
MASDEVALLIA polysticta. 

Native of Peru. 

Nat. Ord. OrchidejE. — Tribe Pleurothallidej:. 
Genus Masdevallia, Ruizet Pav.; {Lindl. 8p. Orchid, p. 102). 

Masdevallia (Amaridea) polysticta j foliis spathulato-oblanceolatis obtusis in 
petiolum brevem angustatis apice retusis v. obtusis, scapis gracilibus folia 
excedentibus plurifloris superne maculatis, fioribus racemosis pallide 
lilacinis purpureo-punctatis, bracteis majusculis late ovato-oblongis viridi- 
bus, sepalomm tubo perbrevi basi modice gibbo, sepalo dorsali late ovato 
cymbiformi lateralibus oblique oblongis omnibus ciliolatis caudas patentes 
triplo longiores ocbraceas punctatas abrupte angustatis, petalis parvis 
spathulatis serratis, labello oblongo longitudinaliter replicato, lobo terminali 
angustiore oblongo antice cucullato apice rotundata, columna apice serrulata. 

M. polysticta, Reichb.f. in Oard. Chron. 1874, vol. i. p. 338 ; andii. 2fl0 (non tab. 
nost. 6268), 1875, i. 656, fig. 134. 

In the 1876 volume of this work I figured a little closely 
allied Masdevallia, also from Peru, which was believed to be 
Reichenbach's M. polysticta. This, he informs me, is not the 
case, and that the said figure is of his M. melanopus (Gard. 
Chron. 1873, vol. i. p. 338; 1874, vol. ii. p. 322), and not- 
withstanding the difference in the colour of the three tails, 
which he describes as very dark, I, of course, accept his 
determination. M. polysticta was introduced from Northern 
Peru by M. Eoezl in 1874, along with M. melanopus, and a 
hitherto unfigured species, M. caloptera, Reichb. f. It has 
flowered in Mr. Williams' nursery and at Kew and elsewhere 
in the winter months. 

Descr. Densely tufted. Leaves four to five inches 
long, oblanceolate or almost spathulate, obtuse, retuse, or 
notched at the apex, obscurely 3-nerved, keeled at the back, 
gradually narrowed into a rather stout petiole, pale green. 
Scapes numerous, longer than the leaves, bearing a raceme of 
four to eight flowers, green below, speckled with purple 
above. Bracts rather large, one-third of an inch long, ovate- 

JtJKK 1st, 1878. 

oblong, green, subacute. Flowers two and a half inches 
across the tips of the sepals, pale lilac, speckled with purple. 
Tubular portion of the sepals short, slightly gibbous at the 
base ; free portion of the dorsal sepal ovate, concave, 
of the lateral more oblong and oblique ; all ending suddenly 
in filiform tails more than twice their own length, of an 
ochreous colour, speckled with purple; margins of the 
sepals ciliolate. Petals obovate-spathulate, serrate. Lip 
oblong, smooth, sides longitudinally reflexed from the mesial 
line, terminated by a short oblong obtuse terminal lobe, which 
is hooded in front, and upon the back of which the sides of 
the body of the lip are produced. Column serrulate at the 
apex. — -J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Flower ; 2, vertical section of ditto ; 8, lip ; 4, petal : — all enlarged. 



Vincent BTOoksDay&Sonlny 

L. Reeve 'LC London. 

Tab. 6369. 

CLEMATIS grewi^floea. 

Native of the Himalaya Mountains. 

Nat. Ord. Ranunculace.e.— Tribe ClematidevE. 
Genus Clematis, Linn.; (Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 3.) 

Clematis grewim flora; alte scandens, dense fulvo-tomentosa, foliis pinnatisootis, 
foliolis 3-5 coriaceis longe petiolulatis late ovatis v. ovato-cordatis lobulatis 
v. obtuse dentatis serratisve ceterum integerrimis v. denticulatis grosse 
reticulatis nervis subtus crassis, paniculis axillaribus pluriflons rarms 
ramulisque robustis divaricatis, alabastris ovoideie, floribus majusculis 
campanulatis dense fulvo-tomentosis, sepalis coriaceis lineari v. late-oblongis, 
costatis apicibus revolutis acuminatis, filamentis linearibus carpellisque longe 

C. grewiseflora, DC. Syst. Veg. vol. i. p. 140 ; Prodr. vol. i. p. 4. Don, Prodr.Fl. 
Nep. p. 191. Wall. Cat. No. 4678. Hook. f. et Tlioms. Flor. Ind. vol. i. 
p. 10. Hook.f. Fl. Brit. Ind. vol. i. p. 6. 

The Himalaya mountains are the head-quarters of the 
genus Clematis in respect of number and variety of forms, 
and many of the species are of great beauty. Witness the 
C. montana (Plate 4061), C. graveolens (Plate 4495), C. 
smilacifolia (Plate 4259), C. barbellata (Plate 4794), and 
others not hitherto introduced, though none of them attain 
the size or have the beauty of colour of the Japanese species of 
the Florida and Fortunei set. Most of the above are perfectly 
hardy ; this is not the case with C. grewiwflora, which requires 
a cool greenhouse, when it forms an immense rambling 
climber, which at Kew ascended in a few years to the gallery 
of the Temperate House, along the rail of which it ran for 
many feet, flowering profusely in early spring. The species 
is very nearly allied to C. Buchananiana, also a 'Himalayan 
species, under which name it wa received from the Calcutta 
Botanic Gardens about twelve years ago. It, however, differs 
from that plant in its much more dense clothing of villous 
fulvous hairs, as also in the shape of the leaflets. It has a 
very wide Himalayan range, being common towards the base 
of the range from Kumaon to Bhotan, ascending to four 

June 1st, 1878. 

thousand feet elevation. In Sikkim and East Nepal I found 
it flowering in November. A variety is found in Kumaon 
with almost white pubescence. 

Descr. A lofty climber, with a stout woody trunk two 
inches in diameter at the base ; branchlets, leaves, and in- 
florescence densely clothed with tawny villous pubescence. 
Leaves six to eight inches long, pinnate, with one to two pairs 
of leaflets and a terminal one. Leaflets one to three inches 
long, petioled, broadly ovate or ovate-cordate, obtuse or acute, 
lobulate or waved, or unequally coarsely-toothed, sometimes 
also denticulate, strongly reticulated, dull green; petiolule 
slender, flexuous. Panicles axillary, broadly pyramidal, four 
to eight inches long, with opposite strict horizontal branches, 
which are themselves again trichotomously divided ; branches 
and pedicels very stout, densely villous ; bracts leafy, sessile, 
or shortly petioled. Flowers drooping, from three-fourths to 
one and a half inches long, broadly campanulate, tawny- 
yellow. Sepals very variable in breadth and length, from 
almost linear to broadly oblong, tips acuminate revolute, 
thickly coriaceous, strongly ribbed on the back. Stamens 
very numerous, filaments linear, silky; anthers linear. Carpels 
very numerous and densely packed, flattened, silky ; when 
ripe, with feathery awns one and a half inch long, the whole 
forming a head often three inches in diameter. — J. D. II 

Fig. 1, Stamens ; 2, carpels : — enlarged. 


"Vincent. Brooks TDay & SonLiLh 

Tab. 6370. 

Native of Japan. 

Nat. Orel. Magnoliace.e. — Tribe Magnolie>e. 
Genus Magnolia, Linn. {Bentli. et Hooli.f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 18.) 

Magnolia stellata ; foliis hysteranthiis deciduis obovato- v. elliptico-oblongis 
basi angustatis obtusis acutis v. subacximinatis junioribus subtus pubescen- 
tibus, gemmis alabastrisque lanatis, sepabs petalis multo bfevioribus elliptico- 
oblongis obtusis dorso-lanatis, petalis numerosis lineari- oblongis obtusis 
albis patulis demum reflexis, staminibus paucis, antheris appendiculatis, 
carpellis ad 50 glabris 2-ovulatis stylis subulatis, maturis paucis corticatis 
axi adhserentibus bivalvim delriscentibus, superne cuspidatis. 

M. stellata, Maximov. in Bull. Acad. Petersb.; Mel. Biol. p. 506, t. viii. ; 
Franch. et Savat. Enum. Plant. Jap. p. 15. 

M. Haleiana, 8. B. Parsons ; Gard. Chron. N. &.vol. ix. p. 378, cum I<>. Xijlog. 

Talauma stellata, Miquel, Prolus, Flor. Japon. p. 145; Ann. Mus.-Lugd. Bat. 
p. 257. 

Buekgeria stellata, Sieb. and Zucc. Flor. Jap. Fam. Nat. p. 78. tab. Ha. 

This very interesting addition to the British Arboretum 
has been long known to botanists, as the genns Bucrgeria, 
founded on an erroneous observation as to the nature of the 
fruit, which its authors had seen only in an imperfect state, 
and which, had it been correct would have referred the 
plant to the genus Talauma, as subsequently indicated by 
Miquel. Quite recently it has been named Magnolia 
Halleana by Mr. S. B. Parsons, of Flushing. (U.S.Am.), in 
compliment to Mr. Gr. R. Hall, of Japan, its introducer into 
America, as we learn from a notice with a plate in the 
' Garden' (vol. xiii. p. 15.) 

Like most other introductions of horticultural interest from 
Japan, this has been in cultivation by the natives of the Islands, 

july 1st. 1878. 

having been found in gardens at Nagasaki by Oldham in 
1862. It is, however, stated by Franchet and Savatier to be 
indigenous in woods of Mount Fusi Yama, and in central 
Niphon, where it forms a small tree. I am indebted to 
Messrs. Yeitch for the specimen here figured which 
flowered in their grounds at Coombwood in March of the 
present year. 

Descr. A small tree, with the habit of M. Yulan, quite 
glabrous except for a slight silkiness on the young leaves 
beneath, and the silkily hursute sepals and bracts. Leaves 
deciduous, appearing after the flowers, two to five inches 
long, variable in shape from rather narrowly obovate with 
rounded tips to elliptic and acuminate, membranous ; base 
always narrowed; petiole one-quarter to one-third inch 
long. Flowers three inches in diameter ; white, sweet- 
scented. Sepals much shorter than the petals, silkily hairy 
externally, oblong, obtuse. Petals about 15, narrowly 
linear-oblong, obtuse, at first spreading, then reflexed, 
white, with a very faint pink central streak externally. 
Stamens few, filaments short, dilated ; anthers longer, linear, 
clawed at the tip. Carpels very numerous, closely packed 
on a sessile fleshy axis ; style subulate ; ovules 2. Fruit 
of few ripening carpels, which are cuspidate at the tip, 
coriaceous, with a separable bark, persistent, 2-valved, usually 
1 -seeded. Seed orbicular, compressed. — /. D. H. 

Fig. 1, transverse section of axis and carpels ; 2 and 3, longitudinal and dorsal 
section of carpel ; 4 and 5, stamens ;— figures to the right are of a ripe carpel, 
a snod, and a seed cut longitudinally showing the embryo:— all enlnrqnl. 


HTD del 

Tab. 6371. 
FBITILLARIA. Sewekzowi. 

Native of Turkestan. 

Nat. Orel. IauAC**.— Tribe Tulipe.k. 

Genua Fmtillauia, Linn. (Baker in Joum. Linn. Soc. vol. xiv. p. 251). 

FwTHXABU (Korolkotvia) te^^bulbosubsoMogloboso, ^ «•*£*£ 
vel sesquipedali, foliis propriis 5-0 opposite vel suboppositis ^ss^bus^ob 
longis obtuBis, floribus 4-12 cermns brevi ter pedicell ate m WJ mm 
laxum dispositiB lS u P erioribus minonbus abortive bractexs ^^^ 
foliifornnbus,periantbiipoHicaris mfmubbulans lunde PWVJJJ^i 
oblongo-oblanceolatis subacute dorso cannaUs ntm ^ShiSStSSS 
pnedila, staminibus periantbio vix brevionbus, filament* fibi onmbus gWam, 
antheris oblongis baiifixis, stylo elongato integro, capsuhs oblongo-Uigonis 
obtuse angulatis. 

F. Sewerzowi, Hegel Enum. PI. Semenou; part iii. p. 120, No. 1057 ; Baker in 
Journ. Linn. Soc.vol. xiv. p. 267. 

Kono^o^Se^rzo^i, EegelAninuul. 11873), p. 17 ; Gartenflom,xo\. ^ii-V- l«lj 
tab. 700; Fl. Turhest. p. 150. 

This is one of the most curious, I would not say beautiful, 
of the many new bulbous plants that have rewarded the 
recent enterprising and assiduous researches oi the loissian 
naturalists in Central Asia. I do not see that it has any 
character to separate it generically from Fntilluna, but it 
presents a most distinct type of habit, the long raceme with 
its abortive upper flowers recalling F.perstca, but the flowers 
much fewer, quite untessellated and as lurid a purple outside 
as in F grceca or F. tidipifolia, and the bracts very largely 
developed, the lower ones being quite similar in size and 
texture to the upper leaves proper. It inhabits the mountains 
of Turkestan, reaching an elevation of six thousand feetj above 
sea-level, and is quite hardy in England We received it at 
Kew some time ago from Dr. Kegel. Mr. Eto has been 
very successful with it, his specimens having attained a far 
greater size and luxuriance than ours. The plate was made 

jrt.v 1st, 1878. 

from a specimen which he flowered at Cirencester, in March 
of this present year. That in the Gartenflora 'has been 
coloured from a plant in which the purple of the outside of 
the perianth has not been properly developed. 

Desck. Bulb globose, an inch or more in diameter, solid in 
the lower part, furnished at the top with a few membranous 
scales, that enwrap the base of the stem, emitting from its 
base filiform stolons. Stem a foot or more long, glaucous, 
terete. Leaves below the inflorescence five or six, all except 
the lowest opposite or subopposite, sessile, oblong, obtuse, 
four or five inches long, pale green when mature, rather glau- 
cous when young. Flowers four to twelve, cernuous on 
pedicels a quarter or half an inch long, forming a lax raceme, 
which occupies about half of the stem, each bracteated by 
a large green leaf, the upper ones smaller and abortive. 
Perianth about an inch long, funnel-shaped, lurid-purple with 
a glaucous tint outside, greenish -yellow within, not at all 
tessellated ; segments subequal, oblanceolate-oblong, subacute, 
with a raised keel outside down the lower half which is more 
strongly marked in the outer three and a yellow-green linear 
nectary at the top of the claw, inside. Stamens nearly as 
long as the perianth-segments; filaments filiform, glabrous; 
anthers oblong, basifixed, purplish. Ovary oblong-trigonous ; 
style entire, reaching to the top of the anthers; stigma capi- 
tate. Capsule obtusely angled.— J. G. Baker. 

n J? g ' ll t se S me J ltof the perianth, seen from the inside, showing its foveole or 
nectary; % a single stamen; 3, the w^^all magnified. 


HT.D <laL 

Tfineent Broa^ 3ajr& Son Iait 

Tab. 6372. 
MASDEVALLIA Shuttleworthti. 
Native of the United States of Colombia. 

Nat. Ord. Okchidejb.— Tribe Pleurothallide^. 
Genus Masdevallia, Ruiz et Pav. (Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orchid, p. 192). 

MASTmvAij.iAShiatJeworthuy foliis petiolatis elliptico-oblongis subacute 3-nerviis 
scapis folia sutoeqiiantibus imiiloris viridibus, fioribus pro St SZ 
bracteis acimimatis, periantbii tube brevissimo basi gibbo,sepalo dorsal 
mod.ce cucullato suberecto obovato repente in caudam longiss mam an^st t 
roseo punctis pallide conspurcato et nervis 5-7 roseis° instruct^ °sepal s 
laterahbus oblique ovatis m canda, elongatas sensim attenuate saturate rose s 
FX?- 8 /' - nS , C r S ?V rCatlS ' Petalis Kneari-oblongis apice obtuse 2-ffiT 
labeili lamina late oblonga apice recurva obtusa disco 2-carinata, columna 

M. Shuttlewortbii; Reichb. f. in Gard. Ckron. 1875, pars i. p. 170, et 187C, 

The rapid increase in number of imported species of Mas- 
devallia is certainly the most striking feature in the history of 
the Orchid culture of the past ten years. No less than thir- 
teen have been figured in the Botanical Magazine within 
that period, and only four before it ; whilst at least double 
that number are in cultivation in individual collections of the 
first-class. The geographical limits of the genus seem to be 
limited to the northern and western countries of South 
America, where they inhabit cool-temperate humid regions. 
M. ShuttlewortMivrm discovered, by the traveller whose name 
it bears, in the United States of Colombia, when collecting 
for Mr. Bull. I am indebted to W. H. Punchard, Esq., of 
Poulett Lodge, Twickenham, for the loan of the specimen 
here figured, which isbelieved to be unique ; it flowered in 
March of the present year. 
Descr. Leaves small, two inches long, narrowed into a 

JLT 1st, 1878. 

rather slender petiole of about the same length ; eliiptic- 
oblong, acute or subacute, pale green, obscurely 3-nerved. 
Scapes several, about equalling the leaves, rather stout, 1- 
nowered ; bracts appressed, long acuminate, with sometimes 
a setaceous point. Flowers large for the size of the plant, one 
inch in diameter exclusive of the tails. Perianth with the 
sepals inserted into a very short broad gibbous tube. Dorsal 
sepal about one inch long, obovate, concave, suddenly con- 
tracted into an erect rather stout curved tail twice or thrice 
its own length, pale yellowish-red, obscurely sprinkled with 
pale red, and with five to seven distinct red nerves. Lateral 
sepals spreading and decurved, broadly ovate, gradually con- 
tracted into slender tails twice as long as themselves, rose- 
coloured, closely sprinkled with red spots. Up very small; 
pale, broadly oblong with an obtuse recurved tip, and two 
longitudinal mesial ridges. Petals narrowly linear-oblong, 
obtusely 2-lobed at the tip. Column very short.— J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Front, and 2, side view of column and petals ; 3 and 4, front and side view 
of lip°; 5 and 0, front and back view of the blade of the lip :— aU enlarged. 

H.T.D del 

toicentBrooks Day fc Son lith 

Tab. 6373. 
DEHEBAINIA smaragdina. 

Native of Tropical Mexico. 

Nat. Ord. Myrsine.e. — Tribe Theophraste*:. 
(Genus Deherainia, Decaisne in Ann. Sc. Nat. Ser. vi. vol. iii. p. 139). 

Deherainia smaragdina j frutex, ramulis patentim birsutis, foliis apices versus 
ramulorum confertis patulis elliptico-ovatis obovatisve acuminatis in petiolum 
brevom angustatis integerrimis v. apices versus obtuse serrulatis subtus 
precipue ad nervos pilosis, floribus axillaribus solitariis pedicellatis satu- 
rate viridibus, pedicello brevissimo ebracteato birsuto, sepalis coriaccis 
orbiculatis ciliolatis, corolla ampla, lobis patentibus planis obovato-orbicu- 
latis carnulosis impresso-punctulatis glabris, tubo brevi intus subpiloso, 
appendicibus minutis subulatis. 

D. smaragdina, Dene. Ic. p. 139, t. 12. 

Posoqueria macrantba, Theophrasta smaragdina, Lind., et Jacquinia smarag- 
dina, Hort. 

A plant with deep green flowers of very considerable size, does 
not often occur either amongst monocotyledons or dicotyledons, 
though familiar in Ixia viridiflora of the first-class, and occur- 
ing amongst Anonacew and a few other orders in the second. 
It is singular that almost all the other genera of the tribe 
Theophr astern, to which Deherainia belongs, have small and 
white or coloured flowers, namely, Theophrasta, Clavija, and 

The genus Deherainia was established by Decaisne m 
1876, on the subject of the present plate, and named by him 
in compliment to M. Pierre-Paul Deherain, aide-naturahste of 
the museum of the Jardin de Plants. It was discovered in 
Mexico, near Tabasco, one of the oldest towns of the Mexican 
Confederation, on the borders of the Chiapes, celebrated as 
the scene of one of Cortez's earliest and greatest victories. 
The climate of Tabasco is hot and damp, and, as was to be 
expected, Deherainia is a thoroughly tropical plant M. 
Decaisne describe:; it as flowering in the stoves ot the Jardin 
de Plantes in May and July. Our plant flowered in the 

•TULY 1st. 1878. 

Palm House of Kew in May, when quite small; it was 
received from Mr. Linden, who imported it into Europe. 

Descr. A much branched leafy shrub ; branchlets, petioles, 
and pedicels clothed with spreading rusty-coloured hairs. 
Leaves crowded towards the ends of the branches, spreading, 
two to four inches long, elliptic-oblong obovate or lanceolate, 
acute, or acuminate, quite entire or obtusely serrated towards 
the apex, narrowed into a short petiole at the base, membranous, 
sparsely hairy on the under-surface and midrib above, deep 
green. Flowers solitary, axillary, very shortly pedicelled, 
ebracteate, about two inches in diameter, horizontal or 
nodding. Calyx hemispherical ; tube short, rounded at the 
base ; lobes orbicular, coriaceous, margins ciliate. Corolla- 
tule very short, slightly hairy within ; lobes orbicular- 
obovate, quite glabrous, flat, coriaceous, with impressed dots 
on the upper surfaoe, very dark green, with paler margins ; 
throat almost black. Stamens 5, at first conniving over the 
stigma, then spreading, filaments filiform-subulate. Anthers 
nearly quadrate, lobes slightly divaricating upwards, extrorse. 
Ovary ovoid, tapering into a straight slender style, stigma 
capitate; ovules very numerous, on a globose central 
placenta. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Vertical section of corolla ; 2, ditto of calyx and ovary ; 3, flower 
■i and 5, front and side view of stamens ; 6, ovary opened : — all enlarged. 



Tab. 6374. 
tulipa saxatilis. 

Native of Crete. 

Nat. Ord. LiliacejE. — Tribe Tdlipe^. 
Genus Tulipa, Linn. ; (Baker in Joum. Linn, Soc. vol- xiv. p. 275). 

Tulipa saxatilis ; bulbo globoso, caule pedali viridi glabro ssepissime bifloro, 
foliis tribus glabris, inferiori lanceolato, superioribus linearibus, floribus 
erectis pro genere magnis, periantliii oblongo-infundibularis segmentis 
prseter basin luteum splendide pallide purpurascentibus basi pilosis a pice 
deltoideis puberulis, interioribus oblongis, exterioribus obovatis, filamentis 
luteis basi barbatis, antheris lineari-oblongis filamento brevioribus, ovano 
viridi cylindrico-trigono, stigmatibus parvis. 

T. saxatilis, Sieber, Plant. Crete Exsic, ex parte; Spreng. Syst. Veg. vol. ii. 
p. 03 ; Reich. Ie. Grit. tab. 396 ; Schultes in Boem. et Schultes Syst. Veg. 
vol. vii. p. 385; Kunth, Enum. vol. iv. p. 226; Regel, Enum. p. 25; Baker 
in Joum. Linn. Soc. vol. xiv. p. 289. 

This is a very rare Tulip, that has been known for a long 
time in herbaria as a native of Crete, but has never been 
introduced into cultivation till now, when it has been re- 
discovered and brought home by Mr. Geo. Maw, who, as well 
as Mr. Elwes, has flowered it successfully this present spring. 
It is a most distinct and interesting species, both from a 
horticultural and botanical point of view. For decorative 
purposes we do not get anywhere else in the genus a large 
flower of a bright mauve-purple colour, with a bright yellow 
eye. The only other large-flowered tulip, with bearded 
filaments, is T. Hageri, lately figured (Bot. Mag. t. 6242). 
Its locality in Crete is Cape Maleca, in Baulm's " Zone des 
collines," which reaches from five hundred to two thousand 
feet above sea-level. Under the same label Sieber distri- 
buted the small-flowered T. cretica of Boissier and Heldreich, 
supposing it to be an alpine form of the same species. 

Descr. Bulb globose, with brown membranous tumes. 
Stem a foot or more long, green, glabrous, usually branched 
low down, and bearing a couple of flowers. Leaves usually 
threc to a stem, glabrous, the lowest lanceolate, reaching 

july 1st, 1878. 

sometimes a foot in length, and an inch and a half in breadth, 
narrowed gradually to the point, the two upper ones linear. 
Perianth oblong-infundibuliform, two or two and a half inches 
long, a light bright mauve-purple inside and out in the upper 
two-thirds, bright yellow at the base. Segments pubescent 
at the base and puberulent outside at the deltoid tip, the 
three outer oblong, under an inch broad at the middle, the 
three inner obovate, an inch and a quarter broad above the 
middle. Stamens an inch long, the linear-oblcng blackish 
anthers shorter than the bright yellow filaments, which are 
bearded on the thickened part near the base. Ovary green, 
cylindrical-trigonous, a sixth of an inch in diameter ; stigmas 
each a line broad. — J. G. Baker. 

Fig. 1, Tip of a segment of the perianth ; 2 and 3, single stamens :— both magnified. 



Tab. 6375. 


Native of New Grenada. 

Nat. Ord. AroidejE.— Tribe Philodendre*:. 
Genus Philodendron, Sohott. (Prodr. Syst, Aroid, p. 219). 

Philodendron serpens ; caudice flexuoso scandente ad nodos radicante apicem 
versus folioso et squamis fuacis fibrosis persistentibus tecto, foliis amplis 
oblongo-panduriformibus acutis v. apiculatis basi cordatis multinerviis, 
nervis borizontalibus lente sursum arcuatis tenuibus loborum posticorum 
3-4 in unum intramarginalem crassiuscukun conjunctis, petiolo viridi 
laminae subsequilongo tereti paleis crassiusculis subulatis brevibus recurvis 
dense obtecto, pedunculis axillaribus solitariis crassis albis, spatlia alba cir- 
cumscriptione oblonga, dimidio inferiore ovoideo clauso, superiore sequilato 
late cymbiformi apiculato aperto, spadice crasso recto spatlia paulo breviore 
albo subacuto, ovariis depressis 5-6-gonis 5-6-locularibus, stigmate sessili 
radiatim 5-6-lobo, lobis rotundatis. 

A very handsome species of the immense tropical American 
genns Philodendron, imported from New Grenada by Messrs. 
Veitch, and well suited for the wall-decoration of a humid 
tropical house. It belongs to Schott's second section of the 
genus, with more or less cordiform leaves, and the nerves 
arching upwards ; but I am not so certain as to which of 
the subordinate groups of that order it should be referred. 
It agrees with that called Achyropodium in the character of 
the petiole, but the venules are less pinnately disposed. 
There is no plant answering to it in the Kew collection, 
which has recently been catalogued by Mr. N. E. Brown, 
and the list of its contents published in the Official Eeport 
of the Eoyal Gardens for 1877. 

Descr. Caudex long, scandent, serpentine, rooting at the 
nodes probably against the bark of forest trees ; leafy at the 
summit,- clothed between the leaves with dense masses of the 
fibrous remains of the sheathing scales. Leaves bright green ; 
blade a foot to a foot and a half long,between oblong and fiddle- 

AUGUST 1st, 1878. 

shaped, that is, slightly contracted above the broad base which 
forms rounded lobes on either side of the broad basal sinus, 
subacute or apiculate, rather membranous ; nerves numerous, 
rather slender, horizontal and arching upwards, the three 
or four basal joining into one stout one ; venules subhori- 
zontal between the nerves, or somewhat pinnately disposed 
towards the leaf-base ; petiole stout, terete, about as long as 
the blade, clothed with short reflexed thick fleshy ovate- 
subulate scales. Peduncles solitary in the axils of the leaves, 
stout, white, terete, shorter than the spathe, longitudinally 
rugulose at the top, as is the base of the spathe. Spathe five 
inches long, thick and fleshy, cylindric- oblong, constricted 
in the middle ; lower half closed, tumid, pale flesh-coloured 
outside, pale purplish within ; upper half broad, but open, boat- 
shaped, apiculate, pale straw-coloured. Spadix as long as 
the spathe, included, stout, cylindric, white, subacute. 
Ovaries densely crowded, depressed, five- to six-angled, 
five- to six-celled, with a depressed radiating five- to six- 
lobed stigma, the lobes orbicular.—/. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Scales of petiole, of the natural size; 2, imperfect ovaries; 3 and 4, 
perfect ovaries -.—enlarged. 


WGrSdei XNFitch LitL 

-feent Brooks" 

Tab. 6376. 
CASTILLEJA indivisa. 

Native of Texas. 

Nat Ord. ScbophulahiacejE. — Tribe Eupheasieje. 
Genus Castilleja, Linn. fil. {Benth and Honk. J. Gen. Plant, vol. ii- p. 7 03. 

Castilleja (Euchroma) indivisa; annua v. biennis, glanduloso-pubescens, foliis 
oblongis lineari-oblongisve sessilibus obtusis v. subacutis undulatis irregula- 
riter pauci-dentatis, spica densiflora demum inten-upta, bracteis late obovatis 
ssepissime integerrimis demum coccineis, calycis utrinque fissi lobis returns, 
corollaa straminea} tubo elongato basi curvo, galea brevi truncate marginibus 
recurvis, labio inferiore brevissimo viridi 3-lobulato lobulis obcordatis. 

C. indivisa, Engelm. MSS.j Benth. in DC. Prodr. vol. x. p. 530 ; Gray, Synopt. Fl. 
ofN. Am. vol. ii. p. 295. 

Some of the species of Castilleja are amongst the most 
beautiful of North American plants ; we have seen fields of 
tall grasses in Utah ornamented with the orange and scarlet 
bracts of C. liniariafolia, and the bleak ridges of Sierra 
Blanca in Colorado starred with the crimson bracts of C. 
parviflora ? at an elevation of twelve thousand feet above the 
sea. The distribution of the genus is singular; North 
America is its head quarters, from the Arctic regions, exclu- 
sive of Greenland, to Mexico, between which parallels 
twenty -three species have been collected ; of which one is 
widely distributed in northern Asia, and is the only repre- 
sentative of the genus in the Old World; one other inhabits 
the Andes of S. America, and one Brazil. None of the few 
hitherto imported have continued long under cultivation, 
possibly because, like their near allies Euphrasia and Barfmf, 
they are root-parasites in a young state ; as with these latter, 
the Castillejas all turn black in drying. 

Castilleja indivisa is one of the most brilliantly coloured 
of the genus, its bracts, which arc orange-scarlet in a young 
state, in age become of an intense carmine red and last a 

AUGUST 1st, 1878. 

very long time ; in the case of the specimen here figured they 
were in beauty in the beginning of May, and are so still in 
this the last week of July, in the border of the rock-work 
of Kew. Mr. Thompson, of Ipswich, who sent the plant to 
Kew, observes that it seems easy to raise and to rear, that 
it was grown under glass, and that the colour of the bracts 
would deepen out of doors (which has been the case). It is a 
native of Texas, and described by A. Gray as a winter 
annual, flowering in spring without the survival of the 
radical leaves. 

Descr. An erect nearly simple pubescent and viscid annual or 
biennial, six to twelve inches high. Leaves one to two inches 
long, suberect, clothing the stem, sessile, oblong or linear-ob- 
long, obtuse or subacute, undulate, with a few irregular teeth, 
green, the upper with red margins towards the tip. Spike 
dense-flowered, at length elongating ; bracts spreading, three 
fourths to one inch long, green at the base, then orange with a 
rounded spreading scarlet limb which becomes deep carmine 
later on, quite entire or rarely toothed or lobed. Flowers 
an inch long, sessile. Calyx with a slender curved tube, 
dilated above and slit half way down behind and rather 
less before ; divisions 2-lobed, lobes truncate retuse. Corolla 
not much exserted from the calyx, pale straw-coloured ; tube 
long, slender, curved at the base ; upper lip shortly ovate, 
truncate, pubescent above ; lower lip of three minute green 
obcordate lobes. Anthers yellow, a little exserted. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Flower; 2, mouth of corolla ; longitudinal section of corolla showing the 
stamen and pistil :— all enlarged. 



mceutBioofe Day fcSonWh 

Tab. 6377. 
ALOE Cooperi. 

Native of Gape Colony and Natal. 

Nat. Ord. Liliace2e. — Tribe Aloine^e. 
Genus Aloe, Linn. (Kunth, Emm. vol. iv. p. 492). 

Aloe Cooperi j acaulis, foliis rudimentariis 3-4 lanceolatis membranaceis, pro- 
duces 6-8 disticbis lineari-subulatis basi dilatatis suberectis cbartaceis albo 
maculatis margine cartilagineis dentibus minutis corneis proeditis, pedunculo 
simplici pedaH vel sesquepedali foliis paucis parvis bracteiformibus proBditis, 
floribus 12-25 in racemum corymbosum dispositis, bracteis magnis lanceolatis, 
pedicellis inferioribus flore sequilongis, perianthii cylindrici rubro-lutei tubo 
campanulato, segmentis aequalibus lanceolatis superne viridibus, genitalibus 
inclusis, capsulae valvis lanceolatis. 

A. Cooperi, Baker in Oarcl. Ohron. 1874, p. 628. 

By the thin firm texture of their suberect long-tapering 
leaves, this species and A. myriacantlia differ conspicuously 
from all the other Aloes in cultivation. The present plant was 
discovered by Burchell in the year 1814 in the neighbour- 
hood of Uitenhage, flowering in January and February. It 
was refound in 1862 by Mr. Thomas Cooper on grassy plains 
in Natal, and brought by him to this country in a living state. 
We have had it for some time at Kew, but it has not yet 
flowered with us. The drawing was made by Mr. Wilson 
Saunders from a plant that flowered at Eeigate. 

Desch. Acaulescent, the rosette surrounded by three or 
four lanceolate membranous rudimentary leaves. Produced 
leaves six or eight, distichous, suberect, linear-subulate from 
a dilated deltoid clasping base, tapering to a long point, a foot 
or more long, deeply channeled down the face, acutely keeled 
down the back, firm, and hardly at all fleshy in texture, green, 
spotted with white, especially in the lower part, furnished 
with a narrow pale horny border, and copious spreading 
minute linear teeth, which are larger towards the base of the 
leaf. Peduncle stout, terete, a foot or a foot and a half long, 

AUGUST 18T, 1878. 

bearing a few small lanceolate-deltoid bract-like leaves in the 
upper part. Flowers twelve to twenty-five, arranged in a 
dense simple subcorymbose raceme ; pedicels ascending, the 
lower ones above an inch long ; bracts large, persistent, lan- 
ceolate, acuminate. Perianth tubular, reddish-yellow, with 
a green tip, an inch and a quarter or an inch and a half long ; 
tube very short, campanulate ; segments equal, lanceolate. 
Stamens and style included. Capsule about an inch long, 
with three acute firm lanceolate valves. — J. (r. Baker. 

Figs. 1 and 2, portion of a leaf; 3, a single flower with its pedicel and bract ; 4, 
a flower in a later stage ; 5, inner and outer segments of the perianth ; 6, a flower 
with the segments of the perianth cut away; 7, a single stamen; 8, style and 
stigma : — all life-size. 



WG.S.dd J.N Fitch Mi 


Tab. 6378. 
GILIA Brandegei. 

Native of Colorado. 

Nat. Orel. Polemon/acfje. 
Genus Gilia, Ruiz and Pav. (Bctith. and Hook,/. Gen. Plant, v. ii. p. 822). 

Gilia {Eugilia) Brandegei; glanduloso-pilosa, e basi ramosa, caulibus erectis 
simplicibus, foliis alternis radicalibus lineari-elongatis pinnatisectis seg- 
ments elliptico-ovatis subacutis integris v. ^l-partitis et quasi 4-natim verti- 
cillatis, floribus thyrsoideo-spicatis, bracteis inferioribus foliaceis superioribus 
3-fidis v. laciniatis, calycis tubulosi segmentis linearibus, corolla? straminese 
tubo calyce duplo longiore gracili superne lente dilatato, limbi plani loins 
brevibus rotundatis apiculatis, filamentis brevibus rectis fauce corolla? in- 
sertis, antheris didymis, stigmate 3-lido. 

G. Brandegei, Gray in Proc. Amer. Acad. v. xi. p. 85 ; Synopt. Fl. N. Amer. v. ii. 
p. 149. 

This very remarkable plant tends to unite the otherwise 
dissimilar genera Gilia and Polemonium, having the straight 
glabrous filaments of the former, with the habit of the latter ; 
whilst in the colour of the flower, it differs from both. It 
it an exceedingly rare plant, discovered by the very intelli- 
gent and energetic collector whose name it bears, on perpen- 
dicular rocks at the source of the Rio Grande in the Rocky 
Mountains of S. W. Colorado. It was again found by Drs. Gray 
and Lamborn, very sparingly, on the Sierra Blanca, in 
Southern Colorado, in July, 1877, at an elevation of upwards 
of 12,000 feet ; on which occasion I had the pleasure of seeing 
the living specimens, though I nowhere found the plant my- 
self during the excursion on that mountain which I made 
with those gentlemen; they form the var. Lamborni of Gray 
(Synopt. Fl. 1. c.), distinguished by its lurid yellowish or 
greenish flowers. I am indebted to Mr. Thompson, of 
Ipswich, for the specimen here figured, which he raised from 
Colorado seed and flowered in May of the present year. 

Descr. Covered everywhere (corolla externally included) 
with glandular pubescence, tufted, erect ; stems six to eight 

AUGUST 1st, 1878. 

inches high. Leaves crowded at the base of the stems, few and 
alternate above, four to six inches long, narrow linear in out- 
line, pinnatisect ; segments one-sixth to one-fourth of an inch 
long, spreading, elliptic, entire or bipartite, when the seg- 
ments appear as if whorled in fours, quite entire, subacute ; 
stem-leaves with fewer and narrower segments. Flowers one 
to one and a quarter inch long, in loose thyrsiform racemes, 
sessile or the lower pedicelled, suberect, upper crowded, 
lower distant ; lower bracts foliaceous longer than the flowers, 
upper reduced and tripartite or trifid Calyx eylindric ; ( five- 
cleft nearly to the base ; segments narrowly linear, acuminate. 
Corolla pale primrose or straw-coloured, tube slender, almost 
twice as long as the calyx, somewhat dilated upwards ; limb 
nearly flat, of five short rounded apiculate lobes. Stamens in- 
serted on the throat of the corolla, filaments short, suberect, 
glabrous ; anthers small, didymous. Ovary subglobose ; style 
very slender, straight, glabrous, with three short slender awns 
at the tip ; ovules few. — J. D. II 

Fig. 1, Bract and longitudinal section of flower : — enlarged. 


N S.B.delJK&ufcliQi 

VmcetiLBrooteDay&Scm Imp 

Tab. 6379. 


Native of South Africa. 

Nat. Ord. Abclepiade.e. — Tribe Stapelie^e. 
Genus Huernia, R. Br. {Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. Plant.vol. ii. p. 784.) 

Huehnia brevirostrisj humilis, csespitosa, ramis crassis 4-5-angulatis, angulis 
acutis dentatis, floribus cymosis, cymis sessilibus ad mediam ramorum 
enatis, floribus 4-6, pediceUis glabris, lobis calycinis lanceolato-subulatis, 
corolla pallide sulpburea sanguineo -punctata, extus lseyi intus minute i papil- 
late, tubo campanulato, limbo patentissimo diametro lj poll., lobis deltoideis 
acuminatis, corona exteriore 5-loba velutino-atra, lobis rectangulis emargi- 
natia, coronse interioris lobis apice in cornua brevissime productis. 

H. brevirostris, N. E. Brown in Gardeners Chronicle, n. s. vii. p. 780. 

A very pretty species of the interesting genus Huernia, a 
genus which for some unaccountable reason has never been 
adopted by horticulturists, although it is one of the most 
distinct in the tribe Stapeliece, and which may always be re- 
cognised by the corolla having a distinct tube and a more 
or less spreading limb, with the genitalia seated at the 
bottom of the tube, the outer corona being quite sessile and 
more or less adnata to the bottom of corolla. Five species oi 
Huernia have now been figured in the " Botanical Magazine 
viz., H. lentiginosa (t. 506), H. clavigera (erroneously 
figured at t. 1661 as //. campanulata, and at t. 2401 as U. 
barbata), H. campanulata (t. 1227), H. Hystriz (t 5*51) 
and the present species. Most of these have been figured 
under the generic name of Stapelia, with the name Huernia 
placed in the synonymy. H. brevirostris is not closely allied 
to any other described species, and is well distinguished from 
all known to me by its very thick stems, hairless corolla, and 
the very short apices of the lobes of the inner corona ; like 

AUGUST 1ST, 1878. 

several of its congeners it is almost scentless. It was dis- 
covered by Mr. Bolus on the dry, rocky hills of Ryneveld's 
Pass, near Grraaff Eeinet, in South Africa, at an altitude of 
2700 ft., where it is tolerably common, and flowers in April. 
Our drawing was made from a plant sent to Kew by Mr. 
Bolus, which flowered in August, 1875. 

Descr. Plant dwarf and ceespitose, glabrous. Stems 
two to three inches long, three-quarters to one inch thick, 
four- to five-angled ; angles acute, acutely toothed. Flowers in 
four- to six-flowered sessile cymes, arising from about the middle 
or towards the base of the younger branches. Pedicels four to 
six lines long. Calyx five-parted ; segments lanceolate-subu- 
late acute, two to three lines long. Carolla one and a quarter 
inches in diameter, outside smooth, pale green, often tinged 
with purplish on the tube, the lobes darker, faintly spotted 
with minute purplish spots, and marked with three strong 
and two faint nerves or ribs ; inside, the tube excepted, 
minutely papillate, the papillae with a minute purple-red 
spot at the apex, some of those in the throat minutely bristle- 
pointed, otherwise quite glabrous, pale sulphur- yellow, 
covered with small blood-red spots ; tube pinkish white, spotted 
with blood-red, the bottom entirely blood-red, smooth and 
shining; tube three lines deep, slightly constricted at the 
mouth, limb very spreading, the lobes deltoid acuminate 
recurving. Outer corona velvet-black, 5-lobed, lobes rectan- 
gular, emarginate. Inner corona of five lobes, purplish, 
spotted in the upper part with yellowish, their apices very 
shortly produced, not more than half a line long. — N. E. 

Fig. 1, Corona seen from above ; 2, corona, side view ; 3, anther and lobe of 
inner corona, detached:— all enlarged 7 diameters. 



Tar 6380. 


Native of the West Indies. 

Nat. Ord. Iridace*:.— Tribe 
Genus Marica, Ker. ; {Baker in Joum. Linn. Soc. vol. xvi. p. 149). 

Marica braehvpuBj foliia distichis ensiformitraa saturate viridibus sesquipedafi- 
inis, llonbus 5-0 m glomerulus! unicum propc basin scapi impositum aggre- 
gatw, spathaj valvis magnis iirmis navicularibus, pedicellis spatba? valvis 
derautn ajquilongis, perianthii lutei segmentis inferne rubro-brunneo macu- 
late, extenonbus multo majoribus planis oblongis, interioribus panduriform- 
lbus convolutis, antheris stigmatibus agglutinatis filamento eequilongifl, 
stigmatibus petaloideis citrinis apice longe tricuspidatis. 

M. brachypus, Baker in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xvi. p. 150. 

Cypella bracbypus, Baker in Gard. Chron. 1870, p. 138. 

This is a new Marica very like the old well-known M. 
Nortliiana (Bot. Mag. t. 654) in general habit, but with 
yellow flowers produced low down upon the flattened leaf- 
like peduncle. I disagree with Dr. Klatt is using the name 
Ct/pclla for this genus. Cypella was founded by Herbert 
upon the curious hardy bulbous plant from Buenos Ayres, 
which was originally figured in ' Bot. Mag.' t. .2599 under 
the name of Tigridia Herbertiana, now common in gardens, 
and afterwards called by Tenore Polia bonariensis. This is 
a good genus, and to transfer the name to these very different 
rhizomatous plants with flattened scapes can only create con- 
fusion. The present plant was imported by Mr. Wilson 
Saunders, from Trinidad, about the year 1871, and presented 
by him to the Royal Gardens several years later. With us 
it flowers in August, and requires stove-treatment. 

Descr. Rootstock stout, vertical. Leaves six or eight in 
a tutt, bright green, ensiform, firm in texture, a foot and a 
half long, an inch or an inch and a half broad. Scape 
similar to the leaves, producing a few inches above its base 
a single cluster, which contains five or six flowers, which 

AUGUST 1ST, 187H. 

open in succession. Spathe-valves acutely keeled, firm m 
texture, three or four inches long; pedicels finally as long 
as the spathe-valves. Flowers fugitive, bright yellow ] 
segments of both the inner and outer rows turmshed with 
horizontal bars of red brown near the base ; outer segments 
oblong, flat, an inch and a half long ; inner segments about 
half as long, panduriform, with an abruptly reflexed tip. 
Stamens erect; anthers about as long as the filaments, 
adhering to the stigmas. Stigmas bright yellow, petaloid, 
cuneate, with three erect linear cusps.—./. G. Baker. 

Fig 1 An outer segment of the perianth ; 2, an inner segment of the perianth, 
seen from the back ; 3, the same, seen laterally, all three life-size ; 4, the stamens , 
style, and stigmas : enlarged. 


i U\h 

Tab. 6381. 
CRINUM Macowaxi. 
Native of Cape Colony. 

Nat Ord. AmahtllidacejB. — Tribe CbinsjA. 

Genus Crinum, Linn. (Kunth, Enum. vol v. p. 647.) 

Crinum Maoowani: bulbo magno collo elongato, foliis 12-15 patulis flaccidia late 
loratis acutis viridibus 3-4-pedalibus margine scabris, scapo valido 8-4-pe- 
dali, spathffi valvis maximis, umbellis 12-15-floris, pedieellia 3-3-polL longis, 
perianthii tubo viridulo ciirvato S-4-pollicari, limbi pallide fubri horizontals 
segmentis oblongis acutis tubo roquilqiigis doreo baud vittatis, genitalibus 
declinatis limbo vix brevioribus. 

C. Macowani, Baker in Oard. Citron. 1878, p. 298. 

This fine new Crinum from the Cape closely resembles 
some of the forms of the old Asiatic C. latifolium of Linnaeus 
with delicate blush- coloured flowers, especially that figured 
in the Botanical Register, Tab. 1297, which was regarded 
by Roxburgh as the type of the Linnean species. C. lati- 
folium and zeylanicum were regarded by Herbert as varieties 
of one species, which he called C. ornatum, which is widely 
distributed through the tropical and subtropical zones of the 
Old World. From all the forms of thts, our present plant 
may be known by its long pedicels and very large spatho- 
valves. Mr. Macowan gathered it wild many years ago in 
No-man's Land, near the south-western frontier of Natal, and 
and from thence brought bulbs into cultivation. We have 
had it growing for some time in the Palm-house at Kew, and 
the drawing was made from a plant that flowered there this 
present spring. 

Desck. Bulb reaching a diameter of nine or ten incites, 
sheathed witb brown tunics and produced into a neck nearly 
a foot long below the rosette of leaves. Leaves twelve or 
fifteen to a rosette, spreading, lorate, bright green, thin and 
rather fleshy in texture, reaching a length of three or four 

BEPTEMBEB 1st, 1878. 

foot, three or four inches broad, narrowed gradually to an 
acute point, the edge narrowly cartilaginous and obscurely 
denticulate. Scape stout, lateral, green, three or four feet 
long, slightly compressed. Outer spathe-valves lanceolate, 
reaching a length of five or six inches ; bracteoles also very 
long, linear-filiform. Umbel ten to fifteen-flowered ; pedicels 
reaching a length of two or three inches. Ovary green, 
oblong, under an inch long at the flowering time; tube 
curved, greenish, three or four inches long ; limb horizontal, 
permanently funnel-shaped, as long as the tube; segments 
oblong, acute, pale pink, without any deeper-coloured dorsal 
band. Filaments contiguous, doclinate, a little shorter than 
the perianth-segments; anthers linear. Style parallel with 
the filaments, not exsertcd. — J, G. Baker. 



Tab. 6332. 
ruellia acutaxgula. 

Native of Brazil. 

Nat. Ord. Acanthace.e. — Tribe Rueixie.e. 
Genus Ruellia, Linn. ; (Bentk. et Hook./. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 1077.) 

Ruellia (Arrhostoxylum) acutangula ; herba elata v. frutex, glabra v. hirsuta, 
ramis 4-gonis, foliis elliptico-ovatis acuminatis nervosis basi in pctiolum 
angustatis, cymis erectis glanduloso-pubescentibus, bracteolis oblongo-lan- 
ceolatis, calycis teretiusculi segmentis obtusis coriaceis integerrimis, corollas 
aurantiaco-coccineae ore flavo, tubo lent© eurvo pollicari, limbi 2-poll. diam- 
etro lobis oblongis apice rotundatis, staminibus exsertis. 

R. acutangula, Nees in Mart. Herb. Fl. Bras. n. 233, in Flora, 1838, vol. ii. p. 61. 

Aurhostoxylum acutangulum, Nees in Mart- Flor. Bras. Acantk. p. 58. 

Pedicularis sceptrum-marianum, Vellozo, Flor, Flum, iii. t. 104. 

A native of shady forests in Brazil, in the neighbourhood 
of Eio de Janeiro and elsewhere ; from whence it was intro- 
duced into cultivation by Mr. Bull, with whom it flowered in 
May of the present year. It is one of the handsomest species 
hitherto figured of the splendid genus to which it belongs, 
and rivals the R. macrophjlla of our tab. 4448 (Stcmonacanthus). 
The genus Arrh&stoxylum, to which Nees latterly referred 
this and many other allied Acanthacca>, has been reduced to 
Ruellla by Bentham in the Genera Plantarum ; it contains 
many Brazilian species. The figure of R. acutangula, in 
Vellozo's ' Flora Fluminensis,' is very characteristic, though 
rough ; in it the lower leaves are represented as ovate and 
rounded at the base, the upper are exactly as in our plant. 
Nees describes the species as either glabrous or hirsute, and 
the capsule as 12 -seeded. 

Descr. A large herb or undershrub, glabrous or hirsute ; 
erect, branched. Branches obtusely four-angled, stout, green, 
most hairy in the hollowed faces between the angles. Leaves 

SElTEMBEIt 1ST, 1878. 

five to eight inches long, elliptic-ovate, acuminate, narrowed 
into the rather stout or slender petiole, along whose sides the 
blade is decurrent, many-nerved, the nerves sunk in the 
surface and connected by cross-nervulcs, deep green. 
Peduncles axillary, four to six inches long, usually more or 
less glandular-hairy, four-angled, erect, rigid, dichotomously 
branched with a flower in the forks ; branches strict, divari- 
cating. Flowers sessile; bracts elliptic-lanceolate, caducous. 
Calyx almost cylindric, one half an inch long; segments 
linear-oblong, obtuse, glandular-pubescent, green. Corolla- 
tube one inch long, slightly curved, subinflated ; limb two 
inches in diameter, bright orange- scarlet, yellow at the 
throat ; lobes subequal, oblong, rounded at the apex. Sta?nens 
exscrted, filaments very slender, united in pairs (a short with 
a long one) for half their length, pubescent at the very base ; 
anthers oblong. Style very slender, bifid at the apex; 
anterior lobe linear revolute, posterior short, much broader, 
ovate-lanceolate, slightly recurved. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Longitudinal section of flower; 2, short and Ion" stamens; 3, ovary:— 
«ll enlarged. 



l&xceatBrootaDay^ SoIlJ 

Tab. 6383. 
DENDROBIUM Brymerianum. 

Native of Burma. 

Nat. Ord. QbohiDe£, — Tribe Dbmsbobikx. 
Genus Dbndbobiom, Swartz (Lindl. Oen. *f ; 8p. Orchid, p. 71). 

Dendrc-bium Brymerianum; caulibus teretiusculis leviter sulcatis supra basin 
incrassatis, fbliis lanceolatis acuminatis, racemo iaterali paucifloro, bracteis 
triangulari-ovatis, floribus 3-poll. diam. aureis, sepalis ovato-lanceolatis sub- 
acutis, petalis eequilongis lineari-oblongis obtusiusculis, labello explanato 
circumscriptione late ovato-triangulari v. cordato obtuso disco subpaleaceo- 
papilloso, lobis lateraLibus bfevibus fimbriato-ciliatis ciliis subulatis margine 
ciliolatis, lobo-terminali ovato fimbriis ipso longioribus dichotome ramosis 
ciliolatis elegantissime circumdato, columna brevi, authera 3-loba. 

D. Brymerianum, Roichb.f. in Oard. Ohron. 1875, part 2, p, 323, and 1870, p. 3CG. 

This is certainly the most beautiful of the orange-coloured 
Dendrobes, and the most singular ; nothing can exceed the 
elegance of the long-branched fimbriation of the lip, and the 
flowers themselves are the largest of the section. Reichcn- 
bach first described it as a connecting link between the 
sections Stachyobium and Dendrocoryne. One of its nearest 
figured allies is the well-known D. fimbriatum (tab. 4160), 
from which it widely differs in the narrower longer sepals and 
petals, and in the form and enormously long fimbriation of the 
lip. Dr. Reichenbach further remarks that all the six flowers 
he examined had a strong tendency to become triandrous, 
which seems to be the case in our specimen also ; he describes 
the bracts as half as long as the pedicel and ovary, which is 
not the case in the specimen here figured. 

D. Brymerianum was dedicated by its describcr to W. E. 
Brymer, Esq., M.P., of Islington House, Dorchester, who 
first flowered it in 1875, the plant having, it is supposed, been 
one of Mr. Lowe's importations from Burma. It has since 
then been flowered in great perfection by Mr. Salt, of Ferni- 
<•] lurch, Shiply, and of .Messrs. Veitch, to whom I am indebted 
for the opportunity of having it figured. 

Descii. Stems a foot high and upwards, terete, faintly 

URSMBBB 1st, 1878. 

grooved, swollen for the space of four inches, at some inches 
above the base, to double or treble their diameter elsewhere. 
Leaves distichous, four to five inches long, lanceolate, acu- 
minate, many-nerved, rather stiff. Raceme lateral, toward 
the summit of the stem, few-flowered ; bracts one half to three 
fourths inches long, triangular- ovate or oblong ; pedicel with 
ovary two inches long. Flowers three inches in diameter, 
golden yellow, the side-lobes of the lip almost orange. Sepals 
ovate-lanceolate, subacute, straight. Petals narrower, linear- 
oblong, rather obtuse. Lip triangular- cordate in outline; 
the short lateral lobes turned up and fimbriated with short 
ciliolate flexuose processes; middle lobe ovate, obtuse, its 
very broad base gradually dilating into the lateral lobes, its 
margins ornamented with dichotomously branched flexuose 
pendent ciliolate processes, almost as long as the lip itself; 
disk of lip papillose with short subulate processes. Column 
very short ; anther-cap 3-lobed. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Lip ; 2, front; and 3, lateral view of the column : — all enlarged. 


Tab. 6384. 

Native of Morocco. 

Nat. Ord. Saxifragace.2e. — Tribe Saxifrages 
Genus Saxifraga, Linn. (Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 035). 

Saxifraga Maweana; csespitosa, sparse laxe patentira pilosa, surculis lloriferig 
supeme erectis nudis v. paucifoliatis, foliis longe petiolatis renifonni-orbicu- 
latis 3-5 lobis, superioribua in axillis gemnias incrassatas stipitatas gerentibus, 
lobis obtuse 3-5-lobulatis petiolo lato, caulinis lineari-oblongis, panicula longe 
et laxe ramosa sparsiflora glanduloso-pilosa floribus $ poll. diam. pedicellatis, 
calycis segmentis ovato-oblongis apice rotundatis tubum subsphericum ex- 
cedentibus, petalis albis obovato-spatlmlatis, stylis erectis apicibus recurvis. 

S. Maweana, Baker in Oard. Chron. 1871, p. 1355, (cum Ic. Xylog.; Ball, Sjacilty. 
Fl. Marocc. 448. 

The presence of an Alpine looking Saxifrage of the group of 
onr English and Scotch S. hypnoides, and with even larger flowers 
than that plant has, was scarcely to be looked for in the 
African coasts, for though the said group is essentially West 
European, extending from Scotland to the greater Atlas, it is 
to a great extent a moisture-loving one. S. Maweana was 
discovered, in 1827, by the late eminent botanist, P. B. Webb, 
of Paris, in its only known habitat, rocks of the Bcni 
Ilosmar range of mountains opposite Tetuan, at about 2000 
feet elevation, and by whom it was regarded as a form of 8. 
fflobulifera, nor was it found to be an unpublished species 
till it was again gathered by Mr. Maw in 1860, and by him 
introduced into cultivation. On being referred to Mr. Baker, 
it was immediately recognised as very distinct from any of the 
Dactyloides group, and named in honour of its re-discoverer. 
Latterly it has been fully described in the Spicilegium Flora 
Maroccanre, by Mr. Ball, in company with whom and Mr. 
Maw, I had the pleasure of gathering it in its original habi- 
tat in 1871. The nearest affinity of S. Maweana is, as Mr. 
Baker has pointed out, the S. globulifera, Desf., a species which 
extends from the mountains of southern Spain to those of both 

SKl'TEMHEU IsT, 1878. 

the Algerian and greater Atlas, but which has not boon 
mot with on Bcni Hosmar, and which differs in its much 
siaaller size, cuncate leaves, short, more ovate calyx-lobes, and 
comparatively minute flowers. S. Mawcana has for the last 
few years been ;i well-known and highly-prized rock-plant, 
flowering in May and June ; our specimen is drawn from a 
Kew plant. 

Descr. Forming large rather loose tufts, laxly hairy all 
over with soft sometimes glandular spreading hairs, especially 
on the inflorescence. Leaves with the linear flattened grooved 
petiole one to two and a half inches loDg, lower laxly rosulate, 
blade orbicular-reniform 3-cleft to the middle or with the 
lateral lobes cleft when they are 5-cleft; lobes obtusely 3-5- 
lobulate or toothed, mid-lobe cuneate-obovato ; upper radical 
leaves cuneate, 3-fid, with pedicelled thickened leaf-buds in 
their axils. Peduncles four to six inches long, erect, loosely 
paniculately branched ; bracts linear. Flowers three-quar- 
ters of an inch in diameter, white, shortly pedicelled. Calyx 
glandular ; tube almost spherical ; lobes longer than the 
tube, oblong, rounded at the tip. Petals obovate-spathu- 
late, rounded at the tip, veins white. Stamens with yellow 
anthers. Styles erect with recurved stigmatic tips, half as 
long as the petals.— J". D. H. 

Fig. 1, Flower cut longitudinally; 2, petal; 3, styles : — nil enlarged. 





Tab. 6385. 


Native of SHckim. 

Nat. Ord. Liliace^:. — Tribe Tulipe.e. 
Genus Fritillaria, Linn. {Baker inJourn. Linn. Soc. vol. xiv. p. 361). 

Fritillaria (Notholiriox) Hookeri ; bulbo ovoideo tunicis brunneis mem- 
branaceis, caule 1-2-pedali, foliis 6-10 linearibus sessilibus sparsis altering 
floribus 3-8 in racemum laxum dispositis, bracteis solitariis linearibus. 
pedicellis brevibus cernuis, perianthii infundibularis roseo-Hlacini pollicaris 
vel sesquipollicaris segmentis obtusis basi obscure foveolatis interioribus ob- 
lanceolato-oblongis exterioribus oblanceolatis, staminibus perianthio paulo 
brevioribus, filamentis filiformibus, antheris parvis oblongis, stylo apice 
stigmatoso tricuspidato, ramis subulatis falcatis, capsulis obovoideo-oblongis 
obtuse angulatis apice unxbilicatis, seminibus crebris discoideis. 

F. (Notholirion) Hookeri, Baker in Jourti. Linn. Soc. vol. xiv. p. 209. 

LlLIUM (Notholirion), Hookeri, Baker in Gard. Chron. 1S71, p. 201. 

The present species forms with Fritillaria macrophylla of 
D. Don (better known nnder Wallich's name of Lilium 
roseunij under which it is figured, Bot. Mag. t. 4725, or Lind- 
ley's of Lilium Thomsonianum) a group intermediate between 
the Lilies and the Fritillaries, but in my view with the balance 
of character leaning decidedly in favour of the latter. It is 
a much less robust plant than F. macrophylla, and so far as 
at present known is restricted to the Lachong valley in Sik- 
kim, where it grows at an elevation of nine thousand or ten 
thousand feet above sea-level. It was first gathered "by 
Sir Joseph Hooker in 1849. For its introduction into culti- 
vation we are indebted to the recent visit of Mr. Elwes, from 
one of whose bulbs presented to the Koyal Gardens, which 
flowered in the summer of the present year, the drawing was 

Desce. Bulb ovoid, about an inch in diameter, with a firm 
brown membranous tunic and a dense tuft of slender root- 
fibres. Stem erect, glabrous, terete, one to two feet in length, 


including the inflorescence. Leaves six to ten below the in- 
florescence, linear, distant, sessile, alternate, the lower five or 
six inches long, the upper ones growing gradually smaller. 
Flowers three to eight in a lax raceme, which occupies about 
a third of the whole stem, on short cernuous pedicels, brac- 
teated each by a solitary reduced linear leaf ; upper flowers 
about an inch, lower an inch and a half long. Perianth 
funnel-shaped, pale rose-lilac, the inner segments oblanceo- 
late-oblong, three-eighths to half an inch broad above the 
middle, the outer three narrower, all furnished at the base 
inside with an obscure roundish foveole. Stamens rather de- 
clinate, nearly as long as the perianth-segments; filaments 
filiform; anthers small, purplish, oblong. Ovary clavate; 
style cleft at the tip into three falcate subulate stigmatose 
forks. Capsule small, obovoid-oblong, shallowly sulcate 
between the cells, umbilicate at the apex. Seeds densely 
packed, discoid, bright brown. — J. G. Baker. 

Fig. 1, Inner segment of the perianth : — enlarged. 


M S del JNu£entRlcL kh 


Tab. 6386. 

HEDYSAEUM Mackenzii. 

Native of North and Arctic America. 

Nat. Ord. Legusiinos^e. — Tribe Hedysare.e. 
Genus Hedysarum, Linn. (Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 570)'. 

Hedysarcm Mackenziij herbacea, gracilis, ramosus, ramis decnmbentibus ilein 
ascendentibus teretibus fobisque pube appressa subgriseis, foliolis 5-7-jugis 
cum impari ellipticis v. lineari-oblongis obtusis retusis v. subacutis enerviis, sti- 
pulisbasiconnatis subulatis.racemis longe strictepedimculatismultifloris,flori- 
bus remotiusculis breviter pedicellatis, bracteis minutis deciduis, calycis seg- 
mentis lanceolate subulatis ccrolla rosea ter brevioribus, vexillo obovato 
breviter 2-lobo, alis lineari-oblongis carina truncata brevioribus, legumine 4-7- 
articulato, articulis orbicularibus compressia grosse venosis. 

H. Mackenzii, Richardson in Appendix to Franklins Voy. ed. 2, p. 28; Hook Fl. 

Bor. Am. vol. i. p. 155; Tor,: dt Gr. FIN. Am. vol. i. p. 357; Porter £ 

Coulter, Synops. Fl. Colorado, p. 31. 
H. canescens, Nutt, ; 1'orr. d- Gr. I. c. 
H. dasyearpum, Turez. ; Ledeb. Fl. Boss. i. 706. 

A very beautiful herb or almost undershrub, conspicuous 
for the abundance of its bright rose-coloured flowers disposed 
in long racemes. It was discovered by Sir John Richardson 
during Franklin's arduous and perilous journey to the shores 
of the American polar ocean in 1823, along the whole shores 
of which it stretches, and since that period it has been found 
on the Eocky Mountains as far south as the sources of the 
Saskatchewan River, in Utah and Colerado, and in East 
Siberia at Ajan on the Sea of Ochotsk. Like all other plants 
which have a wide distribution in longitude from the Arctic 
regions southward, it varies greatly in stature, ramification, 
and in the size of the flower; the polar specimens being but 
a few inches high, with fewer leaves, fewer pinnules on them, 
and flowers half as large again as those of the specimen here 
figured. This state of it would be a most desirable acquisi- 
tion for the Eock-work Garden. 

Very closely allied to H. Mackenzii is the beautiful H. 

OCTOBER 1st, 1878. 

boreale, Nutt., which is also Arctic American, but does not 
extend so far to the southward along the Eocky Mountains ; 
it extends, however, further to the west, inhabiting the 
arctic regions of Asia, as also further east, to Northern 
Canada and the Alleghany Mountains. It is very similar to 
H. Maclcenzii, but has distinctly nerved leaves and shorter 
calyx segments ; it has been in cultivation at Kew. 

H. Machenzii flowers annually in the Herbaceous Ground 
at Kew in July and August. 

Descr. A herb with perennial rootstock, or slender under- 
shrub, clothed with appressed minute strict grey hairs with 
roughened surfaces ; branches very slender, decumbent, ascend- 
ing and straggling. Leaves four to six inches long, petiole 
very slender, leaflets five to seven pairs with an odd one, 
hardly petiolulate, one half to one inch long, oblong or ob- 
ovate- or linear-oolong, rounded or retuse at the tip, nerve- 
less ; stipules minute, membranous, subulate-lanceolate, usually 
united below. Raceme slender, usually long-peduncled, 
strict, many -flowered. Flowers scattered, three-fourths to 
one inch long, horizontal or ascending or drooping, rose- 
purple, pedicels short ; bracts minute, deciduous. Calyx one- 
sixth to one-fourth of an inch long, silvery-hoary, tube short, 
rounded at the base ; segments subulate-lanceolate. Standard 
obovate, notched, reflexed beyond the middle ; wings linear- 
oblong, obtuse, shorter than the keel, which is obliquely trun- 
cate. Pod one to two inches long, of four to seven orbicular 
flattened deeply-veined joints with crenate margins. 

J. D. H. 

FlgB. 1 and 2, Standards; 3, wings and keel; 4, calyx and stamens; 5 and 6, 
anthers; ?, calyx and ovary; 8, pod ; !>, the same laid open: — all but HanilV 



EAOrmerod del J.N.Fitch Lith. 

Tab. 6387. 
ARISTOLOCHIA trilobata. 

Native of the West Indies and Brazil. . 

Nat. Ord. AursTOLOCHiACEiE. — Tribe Aristolochie.e. 
Genus Aristolochia, Linn. {Duchartre in A. DC. Prodi: vol. xv. fan L p. 132. 

Aristolochia (Gymnolobus) trilobata ; caulibus gracillimis scandentibus ramosis, 
foliis latis trilubis v. tripartitis rarius subintegris basi rotundatis v. cordatifl 
sinubus rotundatis lobis breviter oblongis omnibus apice rotundatis v. inter- 
medio acuto, supra glaberrimis subtus molliter pubescentibus nervis glabris, 
petiolo longiusculo, pseudostipulis renifornibus v. ovato-cordatis, periantbii 
utriculo basi fi-calcarato amplo ovoideo v. oblongo, tubo paulo longiore 
cylindraceo, ore rotundato vix ampliato marginibus patenti-recurvis, fence 
patentim piloso, labio parvo ovato lateribus refiexis basi non cordato in cau- 
dam perianthio toto bis terve longiorem desinente. 

A. trilobata, Linn. ; Plum. Ic. Misc. vol. i, t. 43,/. 2 ; Jaoq. Eclog. vol. L, p. 43, 
t. 26; Martins FJ. Bras, t, 90; Duchartre in A. DO. 1. e. 444; Griseb. Fl. 
\ Brit., W. Ind. p. 2D!) ; Flor. des Serres, t. 1402. 

A. trifida, Lamk. Encycl. vol. i. p. 251. 

A. Caracasana, Spreng. Syst. Veg. vol. iii. p. 753. 

Howardia trifida, Klotzteh in MonaUb. Berl. Akad. 1853, p. 017. 

H. trolobata, Klotzsch, I. c. 

Two species of Aristolochia from South America, char- 
acterised by the wonderful tail at the tip of the ^ perianth, 
and curious spurs at its base, have been cultivated in 
England, and confounded with a third (A. caudata), which 
has not hitherto been introduced. These are, first, the 
old A. trilobata of Linmeus's first edition of the Species 
Plantarum, taken up from Plumier's Catalogue which was pub- 
lished in the beginning of last century ; of this, our plate is the 
first representation from cultivated specimens. Secondly, 
A. macroura, Gomez, a Brazilian species, figured under the 
name of A. trilobata in the Botanical Register, t. 1399, and 
under that of A caudata, at 1. 1453 of the same work, and at 
t. 3769 of the Botanical Magazine. The true A. caudata, 

OCTOBER 1st, 1878. 

Linn., is a small-flowered species with no spurs at the base of 
the perianth, and a much shorter tail, it is a native of 
Hispaniola, and, as above stated, has never been in cultivation 
in so far as I know. 

Aristolochia trilobata has an extended distribution, from 
Jamaica and many other West Indian Islands to Guiana, 
and to Bahia in Brazil, and as with so many other species of 
the genus, is said to be used by the negroes as a cure for 
snake bites. The drawing was kindly executed by Miss E. 
A. Ormerod, from a plant which flowered at Kew in July. 

Desce. A very slender climber, with glabrous almost 
filiform branches, and scattered leaves of a bronze-green 
colour. Leaves very variable, very broadly ovate, orreniform- 
ovate, or orbicular in outline, two to four inches in diameter, 
more or less three-lobed, sometimes more than half way down, 
with obtuse, erect or spreading lobes, and rounded sinus be- 
tween them, glabrous above, beneath clothed with a very 
firm pubescence ; base truncate, rounded or cordate J nerves 
spreading from the tip of the petiole finely reticulate ; petiole 
slender, about as long as the blade or shorter, often tortuous ; 
stipular leaf orbicular, with re volute margins. Flowers pale 
dull green, mottled with brown, the terminal lobe and tail 
deep brown. Peduncle and very slender ovary together 
three to four inches long. Perianth variable in size ; basal 
part oblong, one to two inches long, inflated, suddenly con- 
tracted at the base, and there furnished with six reflexed 
obtuse elongated conical spurs ; tubular part as long as the 
basal or longer, sharply reflexed upon its cylindrical, with 
a circular expanded hairy mouth ; bristly and spotted within 
with dark purple ; lips reflexed ; terminal lobe (like the oper- 
culum of a Nepenthes), curved over the mouth of the tube, 
broadly ovate with reflected sides, suddenly contracted into a 
twisted very slender tail about twice the length of the rest 
of the perianth. Anthers six to eight, united with the styles into 
a tubular eight-cleft cup with acute lobes. Capsule large, cylin- 
dric, two to four inches long. 

Fig. 1, Dorsal view of perianth ; 2, spurs at base of perianth : 3, column of 
anthers and stigmas; i, longitudinal section of ditto:— all but Jiff. 1 enlarged. 


FEW del J Nugentfttdi life. 


Tab. 6388. 
CCELOGYNE (Pleione) Hookeriana. 

Native of the Sikkim Himalaya. 

Nat Ord. Obchideje.— Tribe Maeaxideje. 
Genus Ccelogvne, Lindl,: {Lindl. Fol Orchid. Otdogpu, sect. Pleione. 

C(Elogyne (Pleione) Hookeriana; pseudobulbis nudis ovoideis IpctAur folns 
synanthiis scapum superantibus elliptico-lancoolatis acummatis plicatis, 
vaginifl lavibus, bractea spathaeca ovarium requante, sepabs petahsque 
consimilibus, labello convoluto cylindraceo antice explansito apice retuso, 
marginibus erosis, disco lamellis 7 crinitis omato, columna gracib, clinandno 
cuneiformi angulis recurvis. 

C. Hookeriana, Lindl. I. c. p. 14 

Dr. Lindley lias well remarked in describing this species, 
that it differs from all its congeners of the Pleione group in 
leafing and flowering at the same time ; I do not, however, 
understand his statement to the effect that it further difiers 
in that " the parts of the flower do not taper to the base, 
for in this respect I see no difference between it and other 
Pleiones. There are certainly either two forms of this m the 
Sikkim mountains, or the lip affords a very variable 
character; of these forms I made drawings m Sikkim from 
wild specimens; one of them agrees admirably with 
that here given, but in the other the lip is not convolute in- 
to a cylinder for three-fourths of its length, and then 
expanded into a trumpet-shaped spotted mouth ; but is more 
open from the base, like a coal-scuttle or scoop, and is 
rhomboid when spread open, and there is further no distinc- 
tion between the lobes ; and there are no spots. This last 
form occurred at a higher elevation (9-10,000 ft.) than the 
other, which grows at 7-8000 ft., and I have seen a 
specimen of it gathered by Jacquemont, No. 208, (^04 
Herb. Paris) in the Western Himalaya. Dr. Lindley has 
included both the forms under the same name. 

OCTOBER 1st, 1878. 

Ccelogyne Hoolccriana is a spring flowering species, common 
in moist-mossy banks in Sikkim at the altitudes cited above. 
I am indebted for the accompanying drawing by Miss 
P. H. Wool ward, to Mr. Elwes, who imported the plant from 
Sikkim, and flowered it in May of the present year. 

Descr. Whole plant one to five inches high. Pseudobulbs 
one half to one inch long, ovoid, smooth, not grooved nor 
covered with a net work. Sheaths at the base of the scape 
quite smooth, appressed, finely grooved. Leaf solitary, 
appearing with the flower, membranous, one to two inches 
long, elliptic lanceolate, acuminate, finely plaited, deep bright 
green. Scape shorter than the leaf, slender, one-flowered. 
Floiver two to two and a half inches across the petals, bright 
rose colour, except the pale lip, which is blotched at the apex 
with pale brown purple. Sepals and petals very variable in 
breadth, elliptic-lanceolate, acuminate, spreading. Lip as long 
as the sepals or longer, convolute and cylindric for as far as 
the lateral lobes extend, then expanded into a small green 
refuse terminal lobe that is almost continuous with the 
lateral; disk with seven slender crested lamellaB. Column 
quite free, very slender, expanded and cuneate at the tip, 
with acute lateral angles that are recurved. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Front, and 2, lateral view of the tip of the column and anther 
both enlarged. 



VkcentBrooteDayi SoflJmp 

Tab. 6389. 
STACHYS Maweana. 

Native of Marocco. 

Nat. Orel. Labiate.— Tribe Stachyde*:. 
Genus Stachys, Linn. {Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 1208, 

Stachys Maweana ; perennis, albo-lanata, caulibus adscendentibus robustis 
obtuse 4-gonis foliosis, foliis inter minoribus longe petiolatis ovato-cordatis 
subacutis grosse crenato-serratis bullatis, floralibus brevius petiolatis angus- 
tioribus basi acutis. verticillastris paucifloris, calycis tubuloso-campanulati 
dentibus triangulari-oyatis acutis vix mucronatis, corollas stramineaB pur- 
pureo-maculata? tubo calycem excedeute, labio superiore brevi concavo 
integro, inferiore late obovato-oblongo lobis lateralibus angustis antice rotun- 
datis intermedio rotundato, sinubus inter lobos angustis acutis, gemtabbus 
glaberrimus, antherarum loculis divaricatis. 

S. Maweana, Ball SpieUeg Flor. Marocc. (in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xvi.) p. 626. 

A tall branched " wound wort," conspicuous for its silvery 
hoary character. The genus to which it belongs {Stachys) 
contains above two hundred species, of which few are worthy 
of cultivation for ornament ; and our object in selecting the 
present for publication was not so much for its silvery ap- 
pearance or flowers as because, though named after an 
eminent horticulturist, it has been but imperfectly described 
by its author. In his « Flora of Marocco,' Mr. Ball says that 
he has seen only an imperfect specimen, collected by Mr. 
Mawe between Sektanaand Frouga in Southern Marocco, and 
of which he describes the leaves as cuneate at the base, the 
flowers large for the genus, and the corolla he suspects to be 
purple. Fortunately, Mr. Mawe considered the plant worthy 
of cultivation, and introduced it into his garden at Benthall 
Hall, where it flowered in the month of July, and afforded 
good specimens, from which the drawing now published was 
made. From this it will be seen that the leaves are really 
cordate at the base, and the flowers straw-coloured, witn 
purple blotches on the lip. 

OCTOBER 1st, 1878. 

Descr. A perennial rooted branched herb, clothed with 
soft spreading silvery white hairs. Branches obtusely four- 
angled, rather soft, a foot and more high. Leaves spreading, 
blade one inch long, ovate- cordate, subacute, deeply crenate- 
toothed, much raised between the impressed nerves, grey- 
green above ; floral leaves equalling the flowers, narrower, 
shortly petioled or sessile, with cuneate bases ; petiole of 
cauline leaves longer than the blade, stout, horizontal. Flowers 
in false whorls, collected into a narrow oblong obtuse leafy 
spike, very shortly pedicelled, few in each whorl ; bracteoles 
inconspicuous. Calyx one fourth of an inch long, narrowly 
campanulate, woolly, with faint nerves ; mouth oblique, with 
five triangular ovate acute but hardly mucronate teeth. 
Corolla one half an inch long, and as broad across the lips, 
softly hairy externally ; tube rather longer than the calyx, 
with an obscure ring of hairs within half way up, pale straw- 
coloured, with purple blotches on the lower lip; upper lip 
small, concave, obtuse, arched ; lower much larger, an oblong 
square in outline with rounded angles, and the narrow acute 
sinus between the lobes about half way between the base and 
tip ; lateral lobes narrow, with rounded ends that hardly 
project laterally; terminal lobe nearly orbicular, retuse or 
emarginate. Filaments stout ; anthers purple, cells short, 
divaricating. Ovary and style glabrous.— J". D. H. 

Fig. 1, Flower ; 2, calyx ; 3, corolla laid open ; 4, ovary: — all enlarged. 


M. S. d*I J Nugent Ktch Lith 

Vxacent Brools Day & Son 1 

Tab. 6390. 
VERONICA Traversii. 

Native of New Zealand. 

Nat. Ord. Scbophulariaceje.— Tribe Digitals^. 
Genus Veronica, Linn. (Benth. et Hook. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. W4.) 

Veronica (Hebe) Twn&j frutes parvus, glaber, confertim ramosus « fobis 
app^SS unnWbus decussak patentibus ***™£^*^ 
ovatis-lanceolatisve subacute integemmis supra canabcu ah * « s 
carinatis crasse coriaceis enervii, uracemis ^^nnuiahbu ^^^^ 
latis gracilibus breviuscubs densiflons, raebi pe dicelb ^ e ^ibuspu beruiis 
bractds sepalisque oblongis obtusis cikola is ^^.f^-f b fia 3 
plus minusve superante, lobis subaquahbus late oblongis obtusis, hiamentis 
robustis, capsula late ellipsoidea compressa glabra. 

V. Traversii, Hook. f. Handbook of New Zealand Flora, p. 208; Matters in 
Oard. Chron, 1873, p. 1046. 

This little shrub is a member of %^**™J?££ 
Veronicas allied to the V. eUiptu:a, Vorst. frMft** 
are exceedingly difficult of discrimination, inhabit the Alps 
Seflyof rSddlelslandof New Zealand, andare smgukr y 

protean in habit, foliage, and f^f^.^SdeS 
his work on the Vegetation of the Chatham P lants has indeed 
referred some fifteen of these to one species (to which he ha 
applied the uew name of V. Forsten), ™XT\ZtiZ' 
likely to find favour with the New ^4/°™^ 
singularly enough he has not included under this aggrega to 
species the V. Traversii, which is one of the common^ .* 
them, and one of the most difficult to distinguish m ^ states^ 
Whatever its specific value, there can be no doubt ot its 
horticultural interest, for there is not a *™ *"££ ^ 
of the kind, than a well-grown plant of I . T>*. «^> ™£_ 
forms a symmetrical ball three to four feet ^meter, <= om 
pletely powdered with white «*«»■ Wand of 

V. Traversii is a native of the Alps ot me m , 

New Zealand, from Nelson to Otago, by margins of streams, 

OCTOBER 1ST, 1878. 

and at elevations of 3,000 to 5,500 feet ; it has stood uninjured 
in the open air at Kew for several years, but it cannot be 
expected to withstand the occasional severe winters of this 
part of England ; in the west and in Ireland it grows with 
great luxuriance, and is no doubt perfectly hardy. It flowers 
in the months of June, July, and August. 

Descr. A glabrous bush, forming a round green ball two 
feet and upwards in diameter ; branches strict, opposite, erect 
or ascending, cylindric, clothed densely with spreading leaves 
in four rows. Leaves one half to one inch long, decussate, 
horizontal, very uniform in size and form on the branches, 
petioled, elliptic-ovate or lanceolate, with quite entire carti- 
laginous margins, subacute at both ends, channelled above, 
keeled beneath, nerveless, rather pale green, hardy shining. 
Racemes subterminal, one to three inches long, shortly pe- 
duncled, cylindric or ovoid, obtuse, many-flowered ; rachis 
slender, puberulous ; bracts oblong, green, ciliolate, coriaceous, 
variable in size ; pedicels very variable in length, sometimes 
evanescent. Flowers one third of an inch in diameter, snow- 
white. Sepals broadly oblong, erect, green, ciliolate, closely 
applied to the capsule, and half its length. Corolla-tube very 
variable, equalling or exceeding (rarely by twice their length) 
the sepals ; lobes subequal, shortly oblong, concave, rounded 
at the tip. Stamens with stout exserted filaments, and oblong 
purple-brown anthers which are two-lobed at the base. Capsule 
one sixth of an inch long, broadly ellipsoid, compressed, twice 
as long as the sepals. Heeds pale, angular. — J. D. H. 

Figs. 1 and 2, Flowers ; 8, corolla laid open ; 4 and 5, anthers ; 6 and 7, calyx 
and capsule : — all enlarged. 


■1 JJWentRtdiMi 

VmceiiU?roato,B ay &. Son inp 

Tab. 6391. 
ANTIRRHINUM hispanicum. 

Native of Spain. 

Nat. Ord. Scrophularine.*:.— Tribe Antirrhine.e. 
Genus Antirrhinum, Linn. {Benth. et Hook,/. Gen. Plant. vol.ii. p. 9 34). 

Antirrhinum (Antirrhinastrum) hispanicum; glanduloso-villosum, caule e basi 
tortuoso-ramoso, ramulis brevibus adscendentibus, foliis parvis breviter petio- 
latis plerumque alternis ovato- v. oblongo-lanceolatis subacutis v. obtusis, 
racemo interrupto paucifioro, floribus breviter pedicellatis, calycis segmentis 
ovatis v. ovato-oblongis acutis, corolla pollicari pubescente pallide purpurea, 
palato stramineo, capsula late ovoidea, seminibus rugosis. 

A. hispanicum, Chavanne Monogr. p. 83 ; Benth. in A. DC. Prod. vol. x. p. 291 ; 
Willk. 3 Lange, Fl. Hisp. vol. ii. p. 584; Boiss. 3 Rent. Pugill I85S, p. 81. 

A. glutinosum, Boiss. 3 Reut. I. c. 82 ; Willk. 3 Lange, I. c 

A. glutinosum var. rupestre, Willk. 3 Lange, I. c. 

A. rupestre, Boiss. 3 Reut. I. c. ; non Bourg. PL Esp. 1851. 

A. molle, Boiss. partim. 

This dwarf species of Snap-dragon forms a small bushy- 
herb, with copious large flowers of a very delicate colour, 
and has continued flowering for at least three months oi the 
present year, whieh has been singularly favourable to the 
herbaeeous plants at Kew. It is a native of many parts ot 
Spain, from the Pyrenees southwards, and is found on the 
walls of the Alhambra. It varies a little in habit, and in the 
form of the calyx-lobes, as is the case with other species ot 
the genus; and I cannot, after a comparison of numerous 
specimens, regard A. glutinosum of Boissier and Renter as 
anything but a form of it, which is quite indistinguishable 
in a dry state. Our plant was raised at Kew from seed sent 
by Mr. Thompson of Ipswich, as A. rupestre, Boiss. and 
Eeuter, a species reduced by Willkomm and Lange m their 
" Flora Hispanica," to a variety of A. glutinosum. The A 
molle, also a plant of Spain, which has been confounded with 
this, is a very different species, having short procrnnbent 
branches, and being copiously clothed with white woolly hairs. 

OCTOBER 1st, 1878. 

Descr. A small, much and rather tortuously branched herb, 
with a woody root stock, copiously clothed with glandular 
hairs; branches ascending, a foot high and less, slender, 
flexuous, leafy. Leaves alternate, or sometimes a few oppo- 
site ones on the shoots, spreading and recurved, one-third to 
two-thirds of an inch long, ovate or ovate-oblong, or lanceo- 
late, subacute or obtuse, glandular-pubescent on both sur- 

aces, pale green ; nerves very inconspicuous. Flowers sub- 
erect, an inch long, in short terminal flexuous racemes; 
pedicels one-sixth to one-fourth of an inch long, slender. 
Calyx-segments short, ovate-oblong or lanceolate, acute. 
Corolla pale rose-coloured, with a yellow palate, pubescent all 
over ; upper lip with short obtuse reflexed lobes ; lower of 
two rounded lobes, with a small intermediate one, which is 
reflexed and very variable in shape, being ovate, oblong, or 
orbicular. Filaments glabrous. Ovary and style pubescent. 

Capsule broadly ovoid. Seeds deeply pitted. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Flower; 2, calyx; 3, corolla laid open, showing inside of upper lip and 
stamens ; 4, stamens ; 5, ovary and style : — all enlarged. 


J. Nugent FitdUiiUi- 

n &np 

Tab. 6392. 


Native of Armenia. 

Nat. Ord. Composite.— Tribe Cynaeoide.e. 
Genus Centaurea, Linn. {Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. -477) 

Centaobea (Acrocentron), FenzlUj erecta, rnbusta.. grisea, subarachnoids, caule 
robusto sulcato folioso, foliis amplis asperulis inferioribus petiolatis ovato- v. 
oblongo-cordatis apice rotundatis, superioribus sessilibus v. breviter decurren- 
tibus, omnibus integerrimis v. obsolete sinuatis, coata valida, nervia numerosis 
liorizontaliter divaricatis, nervulis reticulatis, pedunculis elongatis validis 
simplicibus v. bifurcatis, ramis nudis sulcatia monocaphalis, capitulis sequipolli- 
caribus, involucri depresso-globosi bracteis lamina brevi quadrata in ap- 
pendices adpressos multo latiores serai-orbiculatos inermes crebemme cihatos 
desinentes, floribus flavifl, aebeniis brevibus nudis, pappi purpurei setis longion- 
bus achenio duplo longioribus. 

C. Fenzlii, Beichardt, Verli. Zool. Bot. Ges. Vindob., 1863, ex. Bom. Fl. Orient., 
vol. iii., 672. Oartiere in Rev. Horde., 1808, p. 866. Fig. 39. 

This is certainly the noblest Centaury hitherto introduced 
into cultivation, and is indeed a very stately plant ; with 
bold spreading foliage, a strict erect stem, and numerous very 
long erect or ascending one- to two-headed axillary pe- 
duncles, that together form a sort of nude umbel of globose 
heads capped with an almost golden ray ol florets. Though 
a very little known, plant, it has, according to Boissier s 
< Flora Orientalis,' been in cultivation for a good many years. 
For it is known only from plants raised from seed sent to 
Vienna by the late indefatigable Oriental botanical traveller 
Kotschy, who discovered it in Southern Armenia, at the toot 
of the Bindoeldagh, near Gumgum, a town > north-east of 
Lake Van, and which in our maps is placed m Kurdistan, 
towards the southern border of Armenia. It belongs to a 
section of the genus containing several species ot gigantic 
stature, and one of which, C. Kurdica, attains seven feet in 
height. Carriere, who described it very imperfectly in 
1868 from garden specimens, says it was then new < and pro- 
bably from Asia, giving it the name of C. Fenzln without 


any further authority, or any indication of its origin, whence 
we are led to suppose that it was cultivated in the Jardin des 
Flantes of Pans, under the name originally given to it by 
Keichardt. Our specimens were grown by Mr. Ware of 
Hale Farm Nurseries, Tottenham, with whom it flowered in 
August of this year. 

Descr. A tall stout erect biennial, of a grey green colour, 
thinly clothed with cobwebby pubescence. Stems strict 
stout erect, deeply grooved, unbranched, leafy, as thick as 
tlie thumb at the base. Leaves spreading horizontally, verv 
large some a foot and a half long, on long or short petioles, 
broadly oblong or ovate, cordate with a rounded tip • upper 
gradually smaller, sessile, or shortly semi-amplexicaul and 
decurrent on the stem, all minutely rough on both surfaces, 
quite entire or obscurely sinuate, with a stout midrib, and 
many horizontally spreading reticulating nerves. Peduncles 
very numerous, axillary, solitary, erect, or suberect, two feet 

ln«f'i 7l -f T^' sim P leOT ™™ ^rked, with a small ob- 
tuse eaf at its fork. Heads large. Involucre one and a half 

l\r er ' depressed-spherical, much contracted at 

r^l, n 7 ' Ti^f Wn; bracts with a s ^t quadrate 
3™: ^reader simi-orbicular strongly ciliate hard 

ZT % J nGrVed *W™ d ^ which has no trace of a 
T?Zt/i°/T m f s P re ? dill g mass, scarcely equalling the 

tlZt ui \ nVOl T e , ; Mght ^ eIlow - <*"**• with a long 

slender tube, and a tubular oblique limb; lobes very narrow" 

fete LT J Sh ° T k Sm0 , 0tl1 ; pap P US hairs ^ id > P*A about 
twice as long as the achene.— J. B. H. 

Fig. 1. Bract of the involucre; 2, flower ; 3, stamens ,-att enlarged. 


H.T. D. del . J.N. Fitch Li tli . 

Tab. 6393. 


Native of Peru. 

Nat. Ord. EricejE.— Tribe Thibatjdieje. 
Genus Eurygania, Klotzxch; {Baith. et Hooh.f. Gen. PI., vol. iL p. Wi). 

EtJBTGAWiA ovata : frutex glaberrimus, ramis elongates cyhndraceis crassmsculis 
subscandentibus, apicibus pendulis, foliis sparsis breviter petiolatis ovatis v. 
ovato-cordatis acuminatis obscure serratis crasse coriaceis supra saturate 
subtus pallide viridibus, petiolo rubro, floribus longe pedioellatis m peduncu- 
lum brevem pilosulum axillarem subcorymbosis, bracteis ciko latis nwmfas, 
pedunculis iloribusque rubra, calycis tubo campanulato, lobis .late ^angular*. 
ovatis obtusis. corolla urceolata l»vi fauce constncto palhdo lobis in iiiutis 
recurvis, staminibus corolla multo brevioribus, iilameutis m tubum brevem 
connatis, antberis linearibus dorso muticis, loculis apice liberis rums elongates 
debiscentibus basi barbellatis. 

A very beautiful plant, belonging to a genus now for the 
first time figured from cultivated specimens; nearly allied to 
Thibaudia, under which it would have ranked before that 
unwieldy genus was revised and broken up by Klotzscn 
As now constituted, Eurygania comprises those Thbaudimoi 
the older authors, in which the stamens are much shorter than 
the corolla, with the filaments coherent into a tube, and tne 
anther-cells, which are not spurred at the back, opening by 
long slits towards the tip. Hitherto about twelve species ol 
the genus have been described or seen in Herbaria, with none 
of which have I been able to identify the plant here figured. 
It was discovered by Mr. W. Lobb in the Andes of Peru, 
when collecting for Messrs. Veitch, who sent flowering 
specimens for figuring in July of the present year It tonus 
a rambling shrub, with sarmentose branches ten to twelve teet 
long, and leaves and branches of a brilliant glossy green, re- 
lieved by the red petioles. , , 

Descr. An evergreen shrub, with stout stem and long 
rather stout rambling branches, which are cylmdric. green 
and pendulous at the end. Leaves scattered one and a nan 
to two inches long, recurved on the pendulous Ranches 
ovate or ovate-cordate, acuminate, obscurely serrate, deep 

NOVKMRKU 1ST. 18?8. 

petiole short stout, red. Flowers in very spreading, shortly^ 
peduncled axi lary eorymbs four to five inches acfoss ; ll 
dnncle green, slender, pilose; pedicels slender, one inch loL 
red, with minute ciliate bracts at the base, slightly thickened 

S^f artlCUlate r th the cal ^ till the iwers are 
dried. Calyx campanulate, dark red; lobes very broad, 

toST Jr l \ ^ ^ ^ 1<m & 4rete > ^smooth 

S;VL or whlte at the tw and the A«rt 

reflexed limb tau one third shorter than the corolla; 
h laments united into a glabrous tube half the length of thi 
anthers, which are straight; the cells parallel, slightly di- 
gging above, not spurred at the back, opening for Sue third 
jay down by slits; bases shortly produced and bearded.- 

stamfns'-X^r^ 10 " 11 ^ *' baCk ™ V ° f ™*°" and * of filaments; 3, 


del.J.N.Fitch Lith 

Tab. 6394. 

CAMPANULA maceosttla. 

Native of the Taurus Mountains. 

Nat Ord. Campanulace.<e. — Tribe Campanule.e. 
Genus Campanula, Linn. {Benth. et Hoolc.f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 561). 

Campanula (medium) macrostyla; setis rigidis patentibus strigosa, caule elato 
robusto folioso superne dicbotome ramoso paucifloro, foliis sessilibus inferiori- 
bus ovatis v. ovato-lanceolatis acuminatis bispido-ciliatis superioribus 
ovato-lanceolatis refiexis, iioribus amplis, caiycis tubo parvo hemispherico, 
lobis magnis ovato-lanceolatis acuminatis setoso- ciliatis, fructiferis valde 
dilatatis, appendicibus late ovatis v. rotundatis deorsum productis tubum 
velantibus cucullatis, corolla turbinato-campanulata intus pilosa violaceo- 
reticulata ore ampliato, lobis brevibus triangularibus acutis, stylo elon- 
gato, stigmate maximo fusiformi acuto cruribus 3 demum solutis patentibus. 

C. macrostyla, Boris, d Heldr. Diagn. ser. i. pars. 2, p. 65; Boiss. Fl. Orient. 
vol. ii. p. 928. Oodefroy Lebmtf. Rev. Hortic, 1877, p. 307 ; figs. 51, 52. 

The most singular species of Campanula hitherto in- 
troduced into English gardens. The rigid habit, bristly, 
almost prickly, stem and leaves (like Helminthia echioides), 
curious calycine appendages, short gaping corolla, and 
wonderful stigma, are all marked characters, which 
appear developed in greater excess in this species than in 
any other. 

It is a native of two places in the Taurus mountains in 
Southern Asia Minor; having, according to Bossier, been 
found in gravelly soil on the shores of Lake Egirdir in Pisidia 
(Anatolia), and in stony places at Ermenek in Isauria (Itchlli 
of modern maps). The specimen here drawn flowered at Kew 
in July of the present year. 

Desce, An annual, one to two feet high, branched from 
the base, hispid with rigid spreading scattered bristles; 
branches stout. Leaves scattered, small for the size of theplant, 
sessile, hispid on both surfaces and ciliated with bristles ; 

NOVEMm:n 1st, 1878. 

lower ovate-oblong, acute ; upper ovate-lanceolate, recurved, 
cordate and auricled at the base. Flowers solitary on stout 
peduncles, two to two and half inches in diameter. Calyx - 
tube small, broader than long, concealed by the deflexed 
bladdery appendages of the lobes, which are ovate-lanceolate, 
hispid, and much enlarged in fruit. Corolla broadly cam- 
panulate and very open ; pale dirty purple externally, within 
dull purple reticulated with violet, and hairy towards the 
base; lobes very broad, short, and acute. Stamens with 
almost orbicular ciliate filaments, and long linear anthers. 
Style straight, smooth, long-exserted, surmounted by a large 
fusiform acute stigma an inch long and more, which separates 
into three linear-oblong segments. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Vertical section of Flower; 2, reticulated venation of the corolla; 
3 and 4. back and front view of Stamens:— all enlarged. 



Tab. 6895. 
albuca juncifolia. 

Native of the Gape Colony. 

Nat. Ord. Liliackjr. — Tribe Scille.e. 
Genus Albuca, Linn. (Baker in Jotim. Linn. Soc. vol. xiii. p. 285). 

Albuca juncifolia : bulbo ovoideo collo haud setoso. foliis 20-30 viridibus sub- 
teretibus pedalibus dorso rotnndatis facie deorsum canaliculatis prinium 
obscure puberulis cito calvatis, iloribus 10-15 in racemum deltoideum 
dispositis, bracteis parvis lanceolatis scariosis, pedicellis apice cernuis in- 
ferioribus erecto-patentibus fiore subduplo longioribus. floribus luteo- viridibus 
inodoris, staminibus exterioribus castratis, stylo prismatico-triquetro ovario 

A. juncifolia, Baker in Card. Chron. 1870, vol, i. p. 534, 

This is a well-marked new species of Jlkica, discovered 
by Mr. Hutton in the south-eastern portion of Cape Colony, 
and sent by him to the Kew collection, where it flowered for 
the first time in the summer of 1876. Of the old species it 
comes nearest A. viridiflora^ Jacq. (Bot. Mag. Tab. 1056), a 
plant always very rare and now apparently entirely lost to 
cultivation. From this and every other species it may be 
recognised at a glance by its numerous bright green rush- 
like leaves, which are obscurely downy only in a very early 
stage and soon become glabrous. Since the publication of 
my monograph of the genus in 1873, no less than eleven new 
species have been added to the sixteen previously known, a 
striking evidence of the activity with which of late years this 
department of botany has been worked. The plate was drawn 
from a plant that flowered at Kew in August of this present 

Descr. Bulb ovoid, about an inch in diameter ; the outer 
tunics not at all produced beyond its neck in the forinof 
bristles. Leaves twenty or thirty to a bulb, cotemporary with 
the flowers ; subteretc, reaching a length of a foot and a 
diameter of an eighth or a sixth of an inch, obscurely downy 

NOYEMUKR 1st, 1878. 

only in an early stage, soon becoming glabrous, and bright 
green, rounded on the back, tapering to a point, channelled 
down the lower half of the face. Scape terete, glaucous, eight 
to twelve inches long. Flowers inodorous, cernuous, greenish- 
yellow, ten to fifteen forming a deltoid panicle four or five 
inches long and broad ; bracts small, lanceolate, scariose ; 
lower pedicels erecto-patent, one and a half or two inches 
long. Perianth an inch long, the outer segments oblong, 
rather spreading ; the three inner permanently connivent, 
with conspicuously deflexed papillose tip. Three outer stamens 
with flattened filaments and no anthers ; three inner shorter, 
anther-bearing, with filiform filaments dilated at the base. 
Ovary oblong, with the ovules very numerous and tightly 
packed in the cells. Style prismatic, about as long as the 
ovary. — J. G. Baker. 

Fig. 1, Portion of a leaf; 2, flower cut down the middle ; 3, anther-less stamen 
of the outer whorl of three ; 4, anther-bearing stamen of the inner whorl of three 
— all enlarged. 

6 3 96 

H.T.D.del. J.N. Fitch. Lith. 


Tab. 6396. 

Native of California. 

Nat. Ord. Gextiank.k. — Tribe Chironifje. 
Genus ErythRjEA, Linn. (Benth. ei Sook,f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 809). 

EbythrjEA venmtaj gracilis, glaberrima, caule spathamseo simplici v. parce 
dichotonie ramoso paucifloro, foliis oblongis ovato-oblongisve basi et apice 
rotundatis v. basi subcordatis, pedunculis calyci ascpiilongis v. breviorilms, 
calycis profunde fissi segmentis lineari-subulatis angustissimis, corolla 
poll, diametr. rosese, tubo calycem superante, lobis elliptico-oblongis basi 
rlavis tubo paullo brevioribus, filamentis gracilibus antberis longioribus, 
stigmatis lobis ellipsoideis. 

E. venusta, Gray, M88.j Watson, Hot. of California, vol. i. p. 4?!). 
E. ehironioides, Torr. in Mc.v. Bound. Rep. 156, t. 42 Exd. 8yn. 

E. tricantba, Durrand in Pneif. R. R. Rep. vol. v. p. 11, t. &, non Griseb. 

This is the largest flowered of the North American Ery- 
thrgeas, which are numerous, especially in the Western 
States, from Mexico to Oregon, and in the Rocky Mountains, 
forming small annual herbs with pretty star-like usually pink 
or rosy flowers. Watson states that E. venusta is common in 
California, through all the Southern part of the State, and 
along the Sierra Nevada to Sierra county, ascending to 4000 
feet elevation. The position of the stigma in the expanded 
flower is very curious, the exserted portion of the slender 
Btyle, which much exceeds the stamens in length, being turned 
down at right angles, so as to assume a horizontal position, 
and to be removed entirely away from the anthers. 

The specimen here figured flowered at Kew in August last, 
and was raised from seeds collected by Dr. Gray and myself 
in California in 1877. 

Descr. A slender erect glabrous annual, six to ten inches 
high. Stem 4-angled, simple or cymosely branched above, 
few-flowered. Leaves in scattered pairs, sessile, half to one 

NOVEMBKB 1ST, 1878. 

inch long, oblong or ovate-oblong, rounded at the apex, base 
rounded or cordate, upper and floral leaves narrower and 
acute or acuminate Peduncles as long as the calyx or shorter 
Calyx one half inch long, divided nearly to the base into verv 
slender erect segments which are about one-third shorter 
than the corolla-tube. Corolla one inch in diameter, tube 
slender ; lobes of the limb elliptic, obtuse, deep rose-coloured, 
with je low at the base ; about as long as the tube. Stamens 
exserted; filament very slender, longer than the anthers 
Style very slender upper half exserted and bent to one side ; 
stigmatic lobes ellipsoid.— J! D H. 

Fig. 1, Vertical section of flower : 2 stampn • -\ +™ ~t ^ 1 j A - 
lobes -.—all enlarged. ' stamen ' 8 ' to P of style and stigmatic 



Tab. 6397. 

Native of Ecuador. 

Nat. Ord. Amaryllidace^e. — Tribe Pancraties:. 
Genus Ismene, Sallsb, ; (Kuntli, Enum. vol. v. p. 081). 

Ismene tenuifolia ; bulbo globoso tunicis brunneis membranaceis, foliis circiter 6 
synanthiis linearibus acutis patulis pedalibus, scapo semipedali unifloro, 
bracteis 2 subulatis caducis, ovario sessili oblongo-trigono, periantbii albi 
erecti 7-8-poUicaris tubo viridulo, segmentis linearibus flore expanso falcatis 
tubo ajquilongis, coronee infundibularis tubo fundo luteo striis (i viridibus 
percurso, margine inter filamentos producto patulo emarginato extus argute 
dentato, filaiuentorum parte libera inflexa semipollicari, antberis parvis line- 
aribus luteis, stylo prater coronam exserto sursum leviter declinato. 

This is one of the finest additions that have been made for 
a long time to our stock of cultivated Amaryllidaceee. The 
plant has been known for nearly a century, for there is a speci- 
men from Pa von at the British Museum, and it is very singular 
that so striking a species should never have been named or 
described. We have fine specimens in the Kew herbarium, 
gathered by Jamieson and Spruce, in both eases in the neigh- 
bourhood of Guyaquil. It grows at a low level, and is only 
adapted for stove cultivation. In its native country the time 
of flowering seems to extend from December to March. It 
has been imported by Messrs. E. G. Henderson and Son, and 
the drawing was made from a specimen that flowered with 
them last June. 

Descr. Bulb globose, one and a half or two inches in 
diameter, with brown membranous tunics. Leaves about 
half-a-dozen to a bulb, cotemporary with the flowers, spread- 
ing, linear, bright green, about a foot long. Scape six or 
eight inches long, one-flowered, ancipitous. Bracts ^ two, 
subulate, membranous, deciduous. Ovary sessile, oblong- 
trigonous, green, half an inch long. Perianth white, erect, 

DECEMBER 1ST, 1878. 

slightly scented, seven or eight inches long ; tnbe cylindrical, 
greenish ; segments linear, as long as the tnbe, spreading from 
the top of the corona in the expanded flower. Corona a 
broad white funnel, with a tube about two inches deep, 
tinted with yellow inside downwards, and marked with six 
green longitudinal stripes bordered with yellow, the margin 
furnished with a spreading quadrate process between each of 
the filaments, which is bifid and sharply toothed along the 
outer border; free portion of the filaments inflexed, subu- 
late, half an inch long ; anthers small, linear, bright yellow. 
Style protruded beyond the corona, the exserted part green 
and slightly declinate ; stigma capitate. — J. G. Baker. 


d J.Ku£' 

'/mc» T rt¥T 

Tab. 6398. 


Native of South Brazil. 

Nat. Ord. Malvaceae.— Tribe Urene*. 
Genus Pavonia, Cav. (Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, vol. L p. 205). 

Pavonia nmltUlora; stellate -pubescens, caule subsiniplici, ^ ^"^2?? 
petiolatisanguste obovato-v. <**«*ffl»*»g*^ ""gj ijE XSSri* 
enrdatia serratis stipulis lmeari-subalatis deciduis, nonbu* tohis irapremis 

stipulaceo-bracteatis, bracteolis flora .bus perplunmis ere ^ ™™^£ 
corollam asquantibns anguste lmeanbus acuminata J^ "f^^gg 
bracteolis biUoribus linearblnnceolaUs psmig ar cteco m hrUs 
obovato-obloneis purpnreis, tubo stammeo elongate long* exserto tiecuivo 
pttotem iS longitudinem rothorifero. styli ramis gracthbus (d^HV 
matibus capitellaiis. 

P. multiflora, S(. HE H Bra.. Mmi. vol. i. p. »» '■ « i ?<*• «* ™ L L * 301 ' 

P. Wioti, il/umvi. /M./i./. Hortift vol. V. 1' Ui, *" '''• 

A native of primeval forests in the province of Espirito-Saiito, 
in Brazil (on the Atlantic coast, north of Rio) where a « . d»- 
eovered by St. Hilairc ; and lately introduced &**£*» 
bv Makov of Liege, through one ot his collectors Jlonen, 
IdSCit under the name of P. Wioti, endeavours to 
totoS U from St. Hilaire's plant by the « strong y 
serrate leaves, geminate flowers colour o th »°°"^;?™ 
bracteoles, inclined staminal column and ™bu<.t lutat .M 
the first character is variable; the flowers are ™*je™»^ 
in Morren's figure, and the other characters « **ngnd 
no doubt due in great part to St. H.laire s plant ; being fig. ** 
and described from an herbarium K a ^^S£?*£* 
specimen of it in the Herbarium ot Kew J^dtaji** 
accords well with the cultivated p ant except in he very 
much longer petioles and less toothed leaves. _ The ptot 
here figured flowered 1" • **» :lt Ke * 1U 8e P tember ' 
remained a long time in flower. 

iH.iMior. LyP. It 

t Descr. A robust probably shrubby plant, with a usually 
simple stout erect strict terete stem, which and the leaves and 
peduncles are pubescent with stellate hairs. Leaves alternate 
six to ten inches long, by one and a half to two inches broad, 
narrowly oblong- or obovate-lanceolate, long-acuminate, ser- 
rulate or denticulate, base acute rounded or subcordate 
nerves arched at the base, and then very oblique, basal pair 
strong, opposite, and very oblique; petiole one and a half to 
tnree inches long, usually horizontal whilst the blade hangs 
down; stipules linear-subulate. Flowers solitary in the 
upper axils, and forming a short terminal corymb,' in which 
case they are bracteate by leafless stipules at the base of the 
pedicel which is one to two inches long, strict, green, slender. 
Bracteoles numerous below the flower, whorled, narrow linear, 
acuminate, red, hairy, curving outwards from the base of the 
calyx, then erect, and equalling the corolla. Calyx -segments 
much shorter and rather broader than the bracteoles, linear- 
lanceolate, purplish, erect and appressed to the corolla. Petals 
one to one and a half inches long, rolled together, narrowly 
obovate-oblong, dull purple. Stamnal column two and a half 
inches long, slender, long-exserted, slightly decurved, 
antheriferous almost throughout its length ; free portions of 
the filaments hairy; anthers bright violet-blue. Style with 
ten slender hairy arms and capitate stigmas.—/. D. II. 

oilS^^^r e ^J^^ 2 ' tranSVG -section of ova^; portion 


HTD d- 

"VmcenlBvotto I 

Tab. 6399. 
APONOGETON spathacetjm, var. junceum; 

Native of South Africa. 

Nat. Ord. Aponogetone.2e. 
Genus Aponogeton, Thunb. {Planch, in Ann. So. Nat. Ser. 3, vol. i. p. 107). 

Aponogeton spathaceumj andro-dioicum, spadicibus aliis foamineis aliis herma- 
phroditis, foliis angustissimis v. elongato-subnlatis obtuse trigonis v. in 
laminam tenuem elongato-lineari-lanceolatam dilatatis, spadicibus 2-furcatis, 
ramis brevibus densifloris, bracteolis fioralibus 2 obovato-oblongis obtusis 
sub-3-nerviis pallide lilacinis, staminibus 6-8, carpellis 3-8. 

A. spatbaceum, E. Meyer in Herb. Drege; Linncea, vol. xx. p. 215. 

Var. junceum, foliis (lamina dilatata nulla) elongato-subulatis obtuse 3-gonis v. 
^-teretibus angulis rotundatis; A. spatbaceum, var., E. Meyer in Herb, 
Drege; A. junceum, Herb. Zeyherj ? A. junceum, Lehn. (in Steud. 

This curious little water plant, though long known in 
Herbaria under the unpublished names cited above, has never, 
as far as I can ascertain, been described. There are two 
forms (possibly species), one with a very narrow bladeless 
leaf, as figured, the other with a narrow flat leaf-blade; 
between them I find no other difference. Dr. Eeichenbach 
has presented to Kew, from the Herbarium of Zeyher, a 
specimen named A. junceum, Eckl. and Zeyher, whence it is 
probably the A. junceum, Lehm, quoted in Steudel's Nomen- 
clator, but which I can nowhere find published. 

The genus Aponogeton has been made by Planchon the type 
of a Natural Order, including itself and Ouvirandra, the 
lattice leaf (Tabs. 4894 and 50 76); which latter genus should be 
suppressed, having no other distinguishing character than the 
well-known and beautiful one of the absence of tissue between 
the nervules of the leaf. Whether the order Aponogetoncm 
may not eventually merge into Naiadece or Potamece, must 
depend on a more comprehensive examination of the whole 
group of exalbuminous allied water-plants than they have 
yet received under a systematic point of view. There are a 

DECEMBKB 1st. 1878. 

good many species of the genus, all natives of the Old World; 
and about six are South African. These latter include the deli- 
riously sweet-scented A. distachtjon (Tab. 1293), which is not 
nearly so much cultivated as it should be, being equally 
available for a glass bowl on the drawing-room table, or a 
tank in the garden. A. angustifoliiim (Tab. 1268) is another 
Cape species, which has, however, long disappeared from culti- 
vation. A. spathaceum is found in shallow lakes in Somerset 
East, in the Transvaal, British Kaffraria, and Natal ; the var. 
junceum is scribed by the Eev. R. Baur, who sends specimens 
from the Upper Transkei territory, as growing in wet places 
amongst grass. The specimens here figured flowered in the 
open air in a tank at Kew in autumn of the present year ; 
its tubers were communicated by Commandant Bowker, F.G.S., 
from Basuta Land. 

Descr. Tuber hemispheric, with the rounded end down- 
wards, about the size of a hazel nut. Leaves erect, flexuous, 
six to ten inches long, elongate-subulate, subacute, obtusely 
3-gonous or half terete with rounded angles. Scapes usually 
shorter than the leaves, cylindric, caducous. Spadix forked, 
the arms each one to two inches long. Flowers crowded on 
the spadix, those of some plants all female, of others herma- 
phrodite, rarely all male from their ovaries being, though 
present, imperfect. Floral bracts two, imbricating, ovate or 
oblong, obtuse, obscurely 3-nerved. Stamens usually ^ six to 
eight. Carpels from three to eight ; ovules about four in each 
carpel. Fruit trigonous, tumid. — J. D. IT. 

Fig. 1, Transverse section of leaf; 2, hermaphrodite flower ; 8, female flower ; 
4, carpel cut open ; 5, ripe carpel ; (>, enihryo : — all enlarged. 

Tab. 6400. 


Native of Natal and Cape Colony. 

Nat. Ord. Iridace^. — Tribe Gladiole^:. 
Genus Watsonia, Miller ; {Baker in Journ. Linn. Soe. vol. xvi. p. 157). 

Watsonia densiflora : bulbo globoso tunicis fibrosis collo setoso, foliis lineanbus 
rigidis erectis crebre valide nervatis margine stramineo incrassato, caule 1^-2- 
pedali foliis pluribus reductis adpressis prsedito, floribus pluribus m spicam 
disticham pedalera vel semipedalem dispositis, bracteis chartaceis brunneis 
striatis arete imbricatis, exterioribus ovatis vel ovato-lanceolatis, rnterioribus 
lanceolatis, periantbii rosei 2-3-pollicaris tubo curvato deorsum cylindnco 
sursum infundibulari, segmentis oblongis acutis tubo duplo brevionbus, 
genitalibus perianthio brevioribus. 

W. densiilora, Baker in Trimen Journ. 1876, p. 336; in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xvi. 
p. 158. 

This is a well-marked new species of Watsonia, closely re- 
sembling the old W. Meriana in its single individual flowers, 
but with very numerous flowers packed in a distichous spike 
so closely that the bracts are much imbricated. This dense- 
flowered habit separates it at a glance from all the other 
true Watsonias, and gives it a distinct individuality ot its own 
from a horticultural point of view. It was discovered long 
ago by Drege in Kaftraria, in dales between Omlatu and 
Onsambuco, at an elevation of between 1000 and 2000 feet 
above sea-level. It has since been gathered in Natal, where 
it ascends mountains up to 4000 feet, by Miss Armstrong and 
Messrs. Plant and Cooper, and also by he latter in the 
Orange Free State. It was found by Mr. Christopher Mudd, 
on his recent tour through Natal, and sent alive to Messrs^ 
Yeitch, with whom it flowered in the month of August of this 

Pr DESCR yea ^^ globose, with coarsely fibrous tunics and a 

bristly neck. Leaves erect, linear, rigidly coriaceous, reach- 

infa length of one and a half or two feet, and a breadth of half 

m inch.°narrowed to the point, with many close strongly- 

DECKMBBB 1st. 187P. 

marked ribs and a much thickened straw-coloured border. 
Stem one and a half or two feet long, concealed by the many 
reduced adpressed leaves. Flower-spike dense, distichous, cen- 
tripetal, reaching sometimes a foot in length, the flowers 
packed so tightly that the spathes of adjoining flowers wrap 
over each other; spathe-val ves chartaceous in texture, brown, 
closely striated, the outer one ovate or ovate-lanceolate, about 
an inch long, the inner one rather shorter, lanceolate-navi- 
cular. Perianth rose-red, not scented ; ovary sessile ; tube 
curved, about an inch and a half long, cylindrical in the lower 
half, funnel-shaped in the upper half, half an inch in diameter 
at the throat ; segments oblong, acute, half as long as the tube, 
spreading when the flower is fully expanded. Stamens ex- 
serted from the tube, falling short of the top of the perianth- 
segments ; anthers linear, whitish. Style-arms deeply bifid, 
with reflexed forks. — J. G. Baker. 

thJiLi'- B ?T ° f th °, T the ' natural size > 2 > a flower complete; fig. .3, top of 
tne style : — both mwjntjied. ° * 

64 CI 

HTU U. JHugeatfitdilitli 


Tab. 6401. 

GRAMMANTHES chlorjsflora, var. cjssijl. 
Native of South Africa. 

Nat. Ord. Crassulace.e. 
Genus Grammaxthes, DO. ; (Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. Plant, i. p. 658). 

Grammantiies elilorceftora ; glaberrima, glauca, diffuse dichotome ramosa, 
loliis sessilibus ovatis acutis concavis carnosulis, floribus axillaribus et 
terminalibus pedicellatis. calyce campanulato, tubo angulato, lobis brcvibus 
ovato-rotundatis obtusis, corollas tubo limbo eequilongo, lobis ovatis, 
squamulia minimis linearibus, filamentis brevibus, antheris exsertis. 

G. ebloraaflora ; DC. Prodr. vol. iii. p. 882 ; fiarv. et. Sond. Fl. Cap. vol. ii. 
p. 331 ; Bot. May. t 4607 ; Moore in Harden. Mag. vol. ii. p. 9, cum la. 

G. caesia, et. G. flava, E. Meyer PI. Drhje. 

G. gentianoides, DC. Prodr. 1. c. 393 ; Planchon in Fl. des Serres, ser. i. v. t. 518 ; 

Morren Belgiq. Hortic. i. p. 447, cum Ic. 
G. Kebreoides et G. depressa, Eckl. et. Zeyh. PL Afric. Austr. 
Crarsula gentianoides, Lam. Diet. vol. ii. p. 175. 

C. retroflexa, Thunb. Fl. Cap. p. 282 ; Ait. Hort. Kew. ed. 2, vol. ii. p. 194. 
C. dichotoma, Linn. Amcen. Acad. vol. vi. p. 8(3 ; Ait. Hort. Kew. ed. i. vol. i. p. 

Vauanthes cliloraBflora, Ilaiv. Rtvis. Sttceul. p. 19. 

Judging from the number of names which have been given 
to this little plant by collectors in its native country, it ought 
to be very variable ; though I doubt whether it is more so than 
other annual Crassulacece. It has already (in 1851) been 
figured and described in the Magazine (as quoted above), but 
this figure has been overlooked by every succeeding author, 
and the form there depicted differs from this in nothing but 
its less glaucous leaves, larger flower, and (erroneously) in 
the omission of the hypogynous scales, which, usually though 
so conspicuous in the order, are so minute (according to Harvr-v 
even obsolete) in this genus, as to be hardly distinguishable 
in the dried specimens, whence Ha worth in his description 
of the geaus (Vauanthes) and De Candolle (in that of Gram- 
manthes) describe them as absent. Harvey, in the ' Flora 
Capensis ' describes five varieties, distinguished by the form 

DEI EMBER 1ST, 1878. 

of the leaves, of the calyx-lobes, and of the petals, all of 
which vary much in length and breadth ; that here figured 
agrees _ best with his var. vera, which is E. Meyer's 
G. cassia. Lamarck indeed (following Plukenet) describes a 
species (G. gentianoides) as blue flowered ; but this, as 
already pointed out in this work, is no doubt an error. 
Grammanthes chlorceflora was introduced into England in 
1788 by Masson (a collector sent from Kew), but was known 
long before to botanists, being described by Plukenet in his 
'Almagesti Botanici,' in 3700, as identified by Lamarck, 
though the rude figure (t, 415 f. 6,) is hardly recognizable as 
belonging to this plant, and the flower is described as blue. 
The specimen here figured flowered at Kew in July of the 
present year. 

Descr. A low glaucous annual herb, four to five inches 
high, usually dichotomously branched. Leaves sessile, ovate, 
acute, one-fourth to one-half an inch long, succulent, con- 
cave. Flowers axillary and terminal, peduncled, one-third to 
two-thirds of an inch in diameter, at first orange-yellow with 
a deep v-shaped mark at the base of each corolla lobe, 
finally more red. Calyx campanulate; tube obscurely 
angled; lobes usually broadly ovate, obtuse, but sometimes 
produced and lanceolate. Corolla-tube equalling the calyx 
or longer; looes ovate or lanceolate, acute. Stamens with 
the filaments much shorter than the corolla-lobes, anthers 
e ^S rt ? , Hypogyiwm glands minute, linear. Carpels 5, 
with slender straight subulate styles ~J D H 

l> Vertical section of flower; -'.calyx; 3, portions of corolla and stamen : 



Tab. 6402. 

ARGEMONE hispida. 

Native of Colorado and California. 

Nat. Ord. Papaverace^;. — Tribe Eupapaverace^e. 
Genus Argemone Linn.; (Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. PL, vol. i. p. 52). 

Argemone hispida ; erecta, hispido-setosa, glabra v. pubescens, glauca, radice 
perenni, caule robusto, foliis pinnatindis caulinis semianiplexicaulibus, 
inferioribus petiolatis, floribus amplis albis, capsula oblonga l}-pollicari 

A.bispida, A. Gray, Plant. Fendl.Tp.5; Walp. Ann, vol. ii. p. 23; Watson. 
Bot. Calif, vol. i. p. 21. 

A. munita, Dar. andHilg. in Journ. Acad. Philad. vol. ii. part. 3, p. 37 ; Walp. 
Ann. vol. iv. p. 170, and vol. vii. p. 86. 

A. mexicana, Engelm. in Wisliz. Bep. p. 3 ; Porter et Coulter, Flor. Colorado, p. (i. 

A. mexicana, var. hispida, Torrey, Mesne. Bound. Survey, p. 81. 

This fine plant is, during its flowering season, the greatest 
ornament of the vegetation of Colorado, where it occurs in 
open grassy and stony places in great profusion, flowering 
for three months of the year. It also extends into New 
Mexico to the south, and westward into Utah, Nevada, and 
Central California. As a species it will, I fear, prove difficult 
to distinguish from the widely-diffused golden-flowered 
A. mexicana, that is, if the A. albiflora be really referable to 
a form of that plant, for all the Argemone species or forms 
are excessively sportive in habit, in hispidity, in the form of 
the leaves, size of the flowers, and size and hispidity of the 
capsule. The specimen of A. hispida, from which our drawing 
was taken, was nearly glabrous, but New Mexican ones pre- 
served in the Herbarium (Fendler, No. 16) are very pubescent; 
it is, indeed, described as having a perennial root, but that of 
A. mexicana, I believe, is at times more than annual, and its 
var. albiflora has been described as perennial. 

DECEMBER 1ST, 1878. 

Argemone hispida flowered at Kew in autumn of the present 
year, from plants raised from seed brought by myself from Colo- 
rado in 1877. The synonyms for the species are taken from 
Watson's invaluable Bibliographical Index of North American 
Botany, where numerous references to American works in 
which this species is described will be found. The reference 
"of A. mexicana of Porter's Colorado flora to this species will, 
however, not be found in that work. 

Descr. A stout, erect, branched biennial, or perhaps 
perennial-rooted annual, beset with stiff prickly bristles, 
glabrous or pubescent with short soft curled hairs. Leaves 
linear-obovate or oblong, two to four inches long, upper 
sessile and semiamplexicaul, lower narrowed into a petiole, 
all pinnatifid or deeply sinuate with prickly margins and 
nerves beneath, not clouded with white (as usual in A. mexi- 
cana). Flowers three to five inches in diameter, pure white, 
with golden anthers ; buds one to one and a half inches long. 
Sepals three, each produced below the tip at the back into an 
acute horn, sparsely prickly. Petals four to six, very variable 
in breadth, longitudinally crumpled. Anthers twisted back- 
wards after discharging the pollen. Stigmas usually four, 
small, lunate. Capsule narrow-oblong, one and a half to two 
inches long, very prickly. J. J). //. 


To Vol. XXXIV of the Third Series, or Vol. CIV. of 

the Work. 

G359 Acokanthera spectabilis. 
6395 Albuca juncifolia. 
6377 Aloe Cooperi. 
6360 Ambrosinia Bassii. 
6339 Anthurium trifidum. 
6391 Antirrhinum hispanicum. 
6399 Aponogeton spathaceum, 

var. junceum. 
6357 Ardisia Oliveri. 
6402 Argeraone Hispida. 

6387 Aristolocbia trilobata. 

6341 Besleria Imray. 

6342 Billbergia pallescens. 
6394 Campanula macrostyla. 
6376 Castilleja indivisa. 
6392 Centaurea Fenzlii. 
6369 Clematis grewiaeflora. 

6388 Coelogyne (Pleione) 

6381 Criaum Macowani. 
6362 Crocus etruscus. 
6346 Crossandra guineemsis. 
6373 Deherainia smaragdina. 
6383 Dendrobium Brymerianum. 
6353 Dendroseris macrophylla. 
6396 Erythrsea venusta. 
6393 Eurygania ovata. 
6356 Fevillea Moorei. 
6365 Eritillaria armena. 
6385 Fritillaria Hookeri. 
6371 Eritillaria Sewerzowi. 
6378 Griiia Brandegei. 
6401 chlorxflora, 

var. ca?sia. 
6361 Grevillea ericifolia. 

6367 Griffinia ornata. 
6364 Hsemanthus Mannii. 
6386 Hedysarum Mackenzii. 

6348 Hoodia Bainii. 
6379 Huernia brevirostris. 
6344 lone paleacea. 
6343 Iris cretensis. 

6355 Ischarum angustatum. 
6397 Ismene tenuitblia. 

6349 Jasminum didymum. 
6338 Koellesteinia graminea. 
6366 Leucopogon verticillatus. 
6337 Lilium cordifolium. 
6358 Loxococcus rupicola. 
6370 Magnolia stellata. 

6380 Marica bracbypus. 
6368 Masdevallia polysticta. 
6372 Masdevallia Shuttleworthii. 
6340 Oreopanax Thibautii. 
6347 Pandanus unguifer. 
6398 Pavonia multiflora. 
6375 Philodendron serpens. 
6345 Pleroma gayanum. 

6351 Pterostylis baptistii. 
6350 Eondeletia odorata, var. 

6382 Euellia acutangula. 
63S4 Saxifraga Maweana. 
6363 Senecio subscandens. 
6354 Spatboglottis Petri. 

6389 Stacbys Maweana. 
6374 Tulipa saxatilis. 

6390 Veronica Traversii. 
6400 Watsonia dcnsiflora. 

6352 Xipbion planifolium.