(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "Curtis's botanical magazine."

CURTIS'S 

BOTANICAL MAGAZINE 



COMPEISING THE 



Pants of the =EapI fetes of fieto, 

AND 

OP OTHER BOTANICAL ESTABLISHMENTS IN GREAT BRITAIN, 
WITH SUITABLE DESCRIPTIONS; 



SIR JOSEPH DALTON HOOKER, M.D., C.B., K.C.S.L, 

F.R.S., F.L.S., etc., 

D.C.L. OXOIT., I.L.D. CANTAB., COBBESPOlTDEirT OF THE INSTITUTE Of FBANCB. 



VOL. XXXV. 
OF THE THIRD SERIES. 

(Or Vol. CV. of the whole Work.) 




" No daintie flowre or herbe that growea on grownd, 
No arborete with painted blossoms drest 
And smelling sweete, bat there it mighte be fonnd 
To bud out faire, and throwe her sweete smels al around. —Faerie Queene. 

LONDON: 
L. REEVE and CO., 5, HENRIETTA STREET, COVENT GARDEN. 

1879. 

\_AU rights reserved.'] 

Mo. Bot. Garden, 

J897. 



LONDON : 

GILBERT AND BIVINGTON, PRINTERS, 

ST. JOHN'S SQUAUE. 



TO 

GEOEGE KING, ESQ, M.B., F.L.S., 

SUPERINTENDENT OF THE ROYAL BOTANICAL GARDENS, CALCUTTA. 

My dear King, 

Allow me the pleasure of dedicating this volume 
to you, as the worthy successor to a position held by three 
eminent Indian Botanists, Wallich, Thomson, and Anderson,, 
who have successively accepted similar tributes from the pens 
of Editors of the Botanical Magazine. Let me at the 
same time record my sense of the active interest which you 
have shown in the Royal Gardens of Kew, and in its offspring, 
the present work ; and of the value of your contributions to 
it, to Horticulture, and to Botanical Science. 

I am, my dear King, 

Very sincerely yours, 

J. D. HOOKER. 
Royal Gardens, Kew, 

Dec. 1st, 1879. 



f>t()3 




■FuaajjiFMiLifi 






Tab. 6403. 

BUBBIDGEA nitida. 
Native of Borneo. 

Nat. Ord. Zingiberace^e. — Tribe Amoum. 
Genus novum Burbidgea, Hooh.f. 



Gen. Char,— Perianthium exterius (calyx) tubulosum, membranaceum, ore 
truncate obscure 2-dentato ; interius tubo gracili elongate ; segmenta 
3 exteriora patentia, postico orbiculato subacute, lateralibus minoribus 
elliptico-lanceolatis acuminatis ; interiora lateralia 0. Labdlum parvum, 
erectum, anther® antepositum, stipite anther® rcquilongo elongato, lamina 
oblongo-quadrata petaloidea, basi cordata, apice 2-fida. Anthem lineari- 
elongata, filamento brevi, connectivo in appendicem lanceolatam acntam 
lamina labello inclusam producto. Ovarium subcylindraceum, ;Moculare ; 
stylus filiformis, superne inter loculos antherae inclusus, stigmate breviter 
exserto parvo oblique truncato concavo; ovula in loculis numerosa, pla- 
centis angulo interiori affixis inserta. Fmctus elongatus, cylindraceus, 
coriaceus, indehiscens, 1-locularis, polyspermus. Semina immatura axi 
soluta 3-ptera inserta, erecta, fusilbrmia, arillo carnoso laciniato. — Herbs 
caulescens, Borneensis, habita Hedyclui, rhizomate repente, eautibvs 2-3-peda- 
libus ereotis fasciculatis. Folia alterna, subcarnosa, elliptioo-laneeolata, 
cordato-dcuminata, utrinqtie nitida. Flores tpeeiosi, in paniculas terminals 
dispogiti, aumntiaeo-cocchu'i, odors zbujiberaceo. Fructus 2-pollicaris. 

B. natida, Hook. f. 



This very beautiful plant is the type of an entirely new 
genus, with the habit of Hedychium, but with the lip reduced 
to a small stipitate blade, and with no lateral inner segments 
of the perianth. Mr. F. W. Burbidge, who discovered it 
when travelling in Borneo, for Messrs. Yeitch, informs me 
that it grows in shady forests of the Murut district in 
"N.W. Borneo, between the Lawas and Trusan rivers, at an 
altitude of 1,000 to 1,500 feet, in spots where there is little 
undergrowth ; and that it thrives best where the rhizomes 
form matted masses on moist rocks covered with vegetable 
debris, producing ten to thirty slender flowering stems, rarely 
exceeding ten feet high, and each bearing a panicle of twelve 
to twenty flowers. The leaves arc of a lively glossy green 
on both surfaces, and serve to set off the rich orange- scarlet- 
colour of the flowers. Mr. Burbidge further remarks that 
it is very local in its distribution, he having found it only 

JANUARY 1ST, 1879. 



in one place, and that this restricted distribution is shared by 
many other Bornean plants, especially aroids ; so that in a 
journey of even twenty miles one may pass through belt after 
belt of different kinds of aroids, ferns, and orchids, just as 
is the case in ascending a high mountain range. 

I have named this interesting discovery in recognition 
of Mr. Burbidge's eminent services to horticulture, whether 
as a collector in Borneo, or as author of ' Cultivated Plants, 
their Propagation and Improvement,' a work which should 
be m every gardener's library. The drawing here given is 
from a sketch by Mr. Burbidge, and the analyses are from 
specimens which bloomed twice in Messrs. Veitch's nursery 
within a year after their introduction. 

Desce. Rootstoclcs creeping, matted. Stems tufted, two to 
four feet high, slender, terete, 1 leafy. Leaves four to six 
inches long; sheaths subcylindric, with short rounded 
auricles; blade four to six inches long, elliptic-lanceolate, 
caudate-acuminate, rather fleshy, bright green above, glossy 
on both surfaces. Panicle terminal, four to six inches long, 
many-flowered; rachis and short pedicels glabrous. Outer 
perianth (calyx) a membranous tube, truncate and obscurely 
two-toothed. Inner perianth-tube one to one and a half inch 
long, slender, glabrous ; outer segments one and a half to two 
inches in diameter, bright orange- scarlet ; dorsal almost 
orbicular, subacute; two lateral elliptic-ovate, acuminate; 
inner lateral segment 0. Lip small, erect, with a long stipes 
and small oblong bifid petaloid blade, which embraces the 
appendix of the anther. Anther linear-oblong, puberulous 
at the back ; connective produced into an erect lanceolate 
acute appendage as long as the anther-cells, or longer. Ovary 
pubescent, three-celled ; cells many-ovuled ; style slender, 
upper part embraced by the anther-cells; stigma somewhat 
dilated, obliquely truncate, concave. Fruit slender, cylindric, 
two to three inches long, coriaceous, indehiscent, one-celled 
trom the absorption of the septa. Seeds (unripe) fusiform, 
erect, attached to a central free three-winged column ; aril 
liesny, lacmiate, almost equalling the seed.— J. D. II. 

5 SbrfflT* 2 ;.stamen andlip; 3 and 4, side and front view of anther; 
aU .nlanjll. ' ^ ' ' ° Uter P eriantl1 '> 8 > transverse section of ovary:- 



6'?0* 




N ^ent Pitch U 



jks,Day 8t.Son.Lith 



Tab. 6404. 
ESCALLONIA floribunda. 

Native of New Grenada. 

Nat. Ord. Saxifrages. — Tribe Escallonifje. 
Genus Escallonia, Linn.f. ; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 6 It). 



Escalloma floribunda ; glaberrima, ramulia folisique junioribus viscosis, rands 
teretibus, foliis lineari- v. obovato-oblongis obtusis uiinutissime, denticulatis 
membranaceis laete viridibua subtus pallidia sparse minute furfuraceis v. 
glabcrrimis creberrime reticulatis, cymis pyramidatis terininalibus multinoris, 
floribus albis J-poll. diametro, calycis tubo obconico, limbo brevi 5-dentato, 
dentibus latis brevibus, petalis obovato-spatlmlatis patenti-recurvis concavis, 
filamentis robustis petala subaequantibus, stylo robusto, Btigmate capitato. 

E. floribunda, Hnmb. Bonpl et Kunth, Nov. Gen. et Sp. Amer. vol. iii. p. 297 ; 
Kunih Synops. Plant. Mauinoot. vol. ii. p. ;8S6; DO. I' rod. vol. iv. p. 4; 
Lodd. Bot. C'ab.t. 1772; Eeiehb. Ie. Pot. Exot. t. 202. 

E. montevidensis, PC. Prod. vol. iv. p. 4 ; Lindl. in Bot. Reg. t. 1407. 

E. floribunda, var. montevidensis, Cham, et Schlecht. in Linnaa, vol. i. p. 543. 

E. bifida, Link et Otto, Ic. PI. Hort. Berol. t. 23. 



An ornamental free-flowering shrub, remarkable for its 
very wide geographical range. It was discovered by Hum- 
boldt and Bonpland in the Andes of New Grenada, at an 
elevation of 8,400 feet, where it has since been collected by 
the late Dr. Jameson, Purdie, Triana, and others; to the 
northward it has been found in Venezuela, on the Silla of 
Caraccas, at 2,500 to 4,000 feet, with smaller flowers than the 
New Grenada form; and to the south in Peru, whence it 
extends across the continent to the Eio Grande do Sul province 
of Monte Video. The specimens from the latter country, 
though originally described as a variety of floribunda by 
Chamisso and Schlechtendal, were erected into a different 
species by De Candolle, who was followed in this respect by 
Lindley. Of these authors De Candolle gives no distinctive 
characters, and Lindley, who gives an excellent figure of the 

JANUARY 1ST, 187!). 



Monte Video plant in the Botanical Register, depends for its dis- 
tinctive characters on its absence of viscidity, terete branches, 
larger fruit, more corymbose inflorescence, and longer calycine 
teeth; but these characters all seem to break down; Lindley 
himself describes the leaves of the E. montevidensis as covered 
with resinous dots beneath ; the branches of E. floribunda are 
quite round, its fruit varies in size, as do its corymbs, and the 
calyx-teeth are identical in the two plants. The name of 
E. bifida was given to a state with leaves accidentally 
notched at the point. Both E. floribunda and montevidensis 
are cultivated in the open air at Kew, against a wall ; of 
these the former was received from Messrs. Smith, of 
Worcester, and has been out for two years ; the latter has 
been for many years in cultivation, but does not flower so 
freely : both flower in August. 

Desck. A leafy evergreen bush or small tree, with suberect 
cyHndric branches, and rather viscid young branches and 
leaves. Leaves two and a half to four inches long, elliptic 
or linear- or obovate- oblong, obtuse, rarely acute, narrowed 
into a slender petiole which varies from one quarter to three 
quarters of an inch long, margin minutely crenulate, dark 
green above, paler beneath with close reticulations and 
resinous dots or sometimes minute scurfy resinous points. 
Cymes terminal, pyramidal, much branched, three to five 
inches long and broad, leafy below ; bracts or small and 
linear; pedicels slender, one-sixth to one quarter of an inch long 
Flowers one half inch in diameter, white. Calyx-tube broadly 
obconic, limb with five broadly triangular teeth. Petals 
obovate-spathulate, concave, obtuse. Filaments stout, equalling 
the petals. Style as long as the stamen, stigma capitate.— 
tf. I). H. 



Pig. 1, Vertical section of flower ; 2, transverse section of ovary .—both enlarged. 



6405. 




..B del JKt.i£c..- 



BrooksSay &_Sonlith 



Tab. 6405. 

NEPETA spicata. 
Native of the Western Himalaya, 



Nat. Ord. Labiat/E. — Tribe Nepet^e. 
Genus Nepeta, Linn. (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. Plant, vol. ii. p. 11!)!)). 



Nkpkta spicata; glabra v. parce puberula v. bivsuta, caule ei*ecto v. basi ascen- 
dente, foliis longe petiolatis late ovatis acutis v. obtusis crenatis basi conlatis 
v. truncatis utrinque viridibus, nervis subtus prominulis, spicis oblongis v. 
linearibus dense- v. laxi-floris interdum interruptis, bracteis oblongo- v. ellip- 
tico-lanceolatis subulato-acuminatis calycem jequantibus v. superantibus, 
calycis dentibus subulatis tubum rectum v. curvatum costatum asquantibus, 
corolla tubo late infundibulari calyce clnplo longiore, labio superiore brevi 
2-lobo, .inferioris lobis laterabbus brevissimis terminali orbiculari concavo 
albo. 

N. spicata, Benth. in Wall. PI. As. Bar. vol. i. p. 04, et in D.G. Prod. vol. xii. 
p. 372. 

Betonica laevigata, Don Prod. Fl. Nep. p. 110. 



One of the commonest Himalayan cat-mints, ranging from 
the Kumaon to Kashmir and Murree, at elevations of 7,000 
to 12,000 feet, but not found in Nepal or anywhere to the 
eastward of it. In its most fully developed state it forms an 
erect herbaceous perennial, two to three feet high, with 
dense spikes of bright purple flowers, three to four inches 
long and an inch broad, and there are sometimes five and six 
spikes on a branch ; such is the var. data of Bentham, which, 
however, passes gradually into the smaller and commoner 
form of the plant here figured. This was sent by T. Ander- 
son Henry, Esq., from his rich herbaceous garden at Trinity, 
Edinburgh, where it flowered for the first time in September 
last. Besides its varying in stature, the bracts present all 
sizes, from equalling the calyx to three times that length, 
when the spikes appear bristly from the long exserted seta- 

JANUARY 1ST, 1870. 



ceous points ; the whole plant is glabrous or pubescent ; the 
flowers vary greatly in size, and the calyx is straight or 
curved. 

Descr. An erect or ascending branched herb, with peren- 
nial rootstock, glabrous, hirsute, or puberulous. Stem acutely 
four-angled. Leaves one to four inches long, broadly 
ovate-cordate, rarely rounded at the base, deeply serrated or 
toothed, bright green above, paler beneath ; petiole one-half 
to two inches long. Spikes terminal, sessile or peduncled, 
two to four inches long, one-half to one inch in diameter, 
lax- or dense-flowered. Bracts elliptic-lanceolate, acuminate, 
ending in a straight subulate point, reticulate, rigid. Calyx- 
tube shortly cylindric, straight or curved, strongly nerved ; 
lobes as long as the tube, subulate, with long straight points. 
Corolla purple, lower lip nearly white ; tube twice or thrice 
as long as the calyx, funnel-shaped, slightly curved ; upper 
lip short, two-lobed ; lower three-lobed ; side lobes very short, 
recurved, longer than broad ; mid-lobe orbicular, -concave, 
crenulate. Stamens included in the upper lip. Stigma 
with two short subulate lobes. Nucules small, smooth. — 
J. D. H. 



Fig. a, flower ; b, the same halved vertically ; c, calyx ; d, stigma ; e, nucules : 
— all enlarged. 



6406 




AB 4d.J.j'i. 1 i»f!nt'Rtdii»fli 



TfinceatBroolc: 



Tab. 6406. 
FRITILLAKIA Karelini. 

Native of Central Asia. 

Nat. Ord. Liliace;e. — Tribe Tulipe/e. 
Genus Fritillaria, Linn.; {Baker in Journ, Linn. Soc. vol. xxv. p. 251). 



Fritillaria (RMnopetalum) Karelini ; bulbo globoso squamis paucis crassis, caule 
brcvi scabro foliis 4-6 proedito, infimis lanceolatis alternis vel oppositis, 
BUperioribUfl linearibus alternis, floribus 2-12 cernuis in racemum dispositis, 
pedicellis ascendentibus brevibus, bracteis magnis foliaceis linearibus inferi- 
oribus geminis, periantbii campanulati pallide purpurei segmentis oblougis 
obtusis unguiculatis maculis paucis saturatioribus prooditis ilore expanso 
supra medium patulis, unguibus omnium distincte foveolatis, ungue 
superioris profunde saccato, staminibus periantliio duplo brevioribus fila- 
mentis subulatis scabris, stylo integro ovario duplo longiori, capsulis latioribus 
quam longis apice umbilicatis basi truncatis, seminibus crebris discoideis. 

F. Karelini, Baiter in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xiv. p. 268. 

P. gibbosa, Boiss. Diagn. part vii. p. 107 ; Walp. Ann, vol. i. p. 852. 

F. pterocarpa, Stocks in Hook. Kew. Journ, vol. iv. p. 180. 

Rhinopetalum Karelini, Fisch. in JSdin. New Phil. Journ, 18-30, p. 11) ; D. Don in 
Sweet Brit. Flor. Qard. ser. ii. t. 283 ; Kunth Enum. vol. iv. p., 250 ; Flore 
des Ser res, t. 8214; Regel Gartenji. 1874 p. 101 t. 790; Fl. Turkest. p. 151. 

R. Boissieri, Klatt in Hatnb. Qartenzeit. vol. xvi. p. 439. 



This singular plant has been known for a long time. It 
was sent as long ago as 1836 by Dr. Fischer, of St. Peters- 
burg, to Mr. Anderson, of the Chelsea Botanic Garden, and 
was figured at the time in Sweet's British Flower Garden 
from the dwarf starved specimens that flowered at Chelsea. 
Within the last few years it has been again introduced, 
and has been grown successfully by several different 
cultivators both in Germany and in England. In a wild 
state it is widely diffused, as it reaches from the Ural and 
Altai mountains southward through Persia and Turkestan 
to Beloochistan and Afghanistan. It has not yet been found 
within the bounds of the Flora Indica. The claims of 
Rhinopetalum to be regarded as a genus distinct from 
Fritillaria rest only upon the fact that the foveole of the 

JANUARY 1ST, 1H79. 



upper segment of the perianth is decidedly deeper than those 
of the other five segments, which gives the flower a slight 
irregularity ; but the plant is so completely a Fritillary in all 
other points, that when I monographed the genus I kept it up 
as a section only. The specimen from which our plate was 
drawn was communicated by Mr. G. Maw, with whom it 
flowered early in the month of October of last year. 

Desce. Bulb globose, about an inch in diameter, composed 
of very few thick scales. Stem not more than four or six 
inches long, of which the lowest one and a half or two inches 
are below the surface of the soil, the upper part scabrous, as 
are the axis of the raceme and the margins of the leaves and 
bracts. Leaves four or six to the stem below the in- 
florescence, ascending, rather fleshy, glaucous, the two lowest 
the largest, lanceolate, alternate or opposite, the others 
smaller, linear, always alternate. Mowers from two to twelve 
in a close raceme, cernuous, on short, ascending pedicels, 
which are bracteated by linear leaves, of which there is a pair 
to the lower flowers. Perianth campanulate, under an inch 
long, pale purple, with darker veins and a few darker spots ; 
segments oblong, obtuse, unguiculate, subequal, spreading 
from the middle when the flower is expanded, the claw of 
each furnished with a distinct yellowish-green foveole, that of 
the upper segment deeper than the others, so as to form a 
sort of rounded spur a twelfth or an eighth of an inch long. 
Stamens about half as long as the perianth segments ; fila- 
ments scabrous, subulate, narrowed to the tip ; anthers small, 
sub-globose or linear-oblong, basifixed. Pistil about as long 
as the stamens ; style entire, twice as long as the oblong 
ovary. Capsule broader (about an inch in diameter) than 
long, umbilicate at the apex, truncate at the base, with a 
distinct neck. Seeds brown, discoid, packed tightly in two 
rows in each of the cells. — J. G. Baker. 



Fig. 1, A flower cut in half, so as to show the spur of the upper segment; 
2, pedicel, with its pair of bracts; 3, ovary, with style and stigma; 4, a single 
stamen; 5, an anther, shedding pollen: — all magnified. 



tflMm 




m^im:. > 



A^.dd.J.NFttdi.Lith. 



VmeeatBnmks Day StSon top 



Tab. 6407. 
VERONICA longifolia, var. subsessilis. 
Native of Japan. 



Nat. Ord. Scrophulartace.e. — Tribe Digitale^. 
Genus Veronia, Linn. {Benth, et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 964). 



Veronica (Pseudolysimachia) longifolla ; caule glabro puberulo, foliis breviter 
petiolatis oppositis v. 3-natim verticillatis e basi ovata v. cordata ovato- v. 
oblongo-lanceolatisl acuminatis argute serratis, racemis solitariis v. paucis 
densifloris, pedicellis calyce saepius brevioribus. Linn. Sp. PI. p. 13 ; Benth. 
in DO. Prod. vol. x, p. 465. 

Var. subsessilis ; foliis brevissime petiolatis simpliciter serratis subtus appresse 
puberulis, racemorum rbachi appresse pubescente, sepalis ciliolatis. Miguel, 
Ann. Mus. Lugd. Bat. vol. ii. p. 119. 



This brilliant Speedwell hardly differs, even as a variety, 
from the European V. longi/olio,, which ranges from Lapland, 
Denmark, and Lombardy, in the west, through middle 
Europe and N. Asia to China, and thence to the Island of 
Saghalien and Japan. The specimens from the latter country 
have been distinguished as a variety by Miquel, on account of 
their broader leaves, very short petioles, and sparce pubes- 
bescence, but I find as broad and as shortly petioled speci- 
mens in Europe ; and the leaves of some Japanese ones are 
narrow-lanceolate. It is further very near the common 
continental V. spicata, L., and the S. Europe and N. Asiatic 
V. pamculata, L. ; and, as Bentham remarks, is connected 
with these by intermediate states or garden hybrids ; so that 
it is difficult to assign the limits of the species in the wide- 
spread and beautiful Pseudolysimachia section of the genus 
to which they all belong. In cultivation the Japanese plant 
is a superb object, with its dense spikes of amethystine blue 
lucid flowers, and deep green leaves. It has been introduced 
by Messrs. Ware, of Tottenham, who sent the specimen here 
figured in August of last year. 

Desce. — An erect branching undershrub, two to four feet 
high. Stem cylindrical; branches ascending, puberulous. 

JANUARY 1ST, 1879. 



Leaves two to four inches long, very shortly petioled, dark 
green, ovate or ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, deeply acutely 
serrate ; nerves strong and puberulous beneath. Racemes 
terminal and on lateral branches, six inches to nearly a foot 
long, subsessile or peduncled, strict, erect, very dense- 
flowered ; rachis pubescent. Bracts linear-lanceolate. Pe- 
dicels about as long as the calyx. Sepals ovate-oblong or 
linear, subacute, ciliolate. Corolla one- third of an inch in 
diameter, bright amethystine blue; tube very short; seg- 
ments spreading, rounded, concave, the posticous rather the 
largest. Filaments slender, exceeding the corolla-segment. 
Style filiform ; stigma capitate. Capsule rather longer than 
the sepals, turgid, two-lobed. —J. D. II 



Fig. 1, Side, and 2, front view of the flower :■— enlarged. 



6W8. 




Tab. 6408. 
ECCEEMOCAKPUS scabee. 

Native of Chili. 



Nat. Ord. Bignoniacejb. — Tribe JacarandejE. 
Genus Eccremocarpus, Ruiz et Pavon. (Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. PI. v. ii. p. 1050.) 



Eccremocarpus {Galampelis) s caber ; scandens, ramis gracilibus angulatis, ramulis 
petiolis et inflorescentia puberulis, v. scaberulis, foliis oppositis bipinnatis 
petiolo stricto rachi pinnarum flexuoso, pinnulis altemis petiolulatis oblique 
ovatis cordatis v. subrotundatis integris v. 2-3-lobis, cirrhis dicbotome 
ramosis, racemis elongatis secundifloris, bracteis parvis, calycis tubo subin- 
flato, lobis triangularibus, corollse tubo hino ventricoso, ore contracto, limbo 
parvo angusto annulari recurvo 5-lobo, antheris r'efractis loculis divaricatis, 
capsula stipitata elongato-ovoidea acuta membranacea inflata, seminibus 
multiseriatis ala orbiculari basi emarginato. 

E. scaber, Ruiz et Pavon, Fl. Peruv. Prodr. p. 90; Syst. Veg. p. 157 ; Lindl. in 
Trans. Hort. Soc. vol. vii. p. 249 ; Bot. Reg. t. 939 ; Lodd. Bot. Gab. t. 1411 ; 
DC. Prod. vol. ix. p. 238 ; Rev. Horde, p. 857, Ic. Xylog. 

Calampelis scaber, Don in Edinb. Phil. Journ. 1829, p. 89 ; Sweet. Brit. Fl. 
Oard. ser. 2, t. 30 ; Endlich. Jconog. Gen. Plant, t. 95. 



We take the opportunity of figuring the ripe fruit and 
seeds together with the flower of this old-established favourite, 
which has not till now found the place it should long since 
have occupied in the Botanical Magazine. Though originally 
introduced into England from Mexico in 1824 (when it was 
raised by Mr. Tate, of the long-abandoned Sloane Street 
Nursery), its native habitat is Chili, whence we have at 
Kew dried specimens, collected upwards of eighty years ago by 
the celebrated Archibald Menzies, when accompanying Capt. 
Vancouver in his surveying voyage to N. W. America, and 
when also he procured the seeds of the great tree of Araucaria 
imbricata, now growing in the Royal Garden at Kew. 

The motions of the stems, leaves, and tendrils of this 
plant have been described by Mr. Darwin in his admirable 
work " On the Movements and Habits of Climbing Plants " 
(p. 103). He found that the internodes, leaves, and tendrils 
all revolved, all thus contributing their efforts towards 
finding support for the elongating climbing stem. Of these 
the internodes revolved at rates varying from 3£ to 1^ hours, 
sometimes standing still for 12 or 18 hours. The young main 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1879. 



petioles follow nearly the same course and rate as the inter- 
nodes, but the two opposite petioles did not move together. 
Lastly, the tendrils, besides being carried about by the 
revolving petioles, themselves move spontaneously. Then, 
with regard to the branches of the tendrils, they are sensitive 
on all sides, bending in about 10 minutes after being rubbed, 
or after coming in contact with a support ; and after such 
contact several branches might be seen slowly to lift themselves 
up, change their positions, and again come into contact with 
the supporting surface. The object of this latter movement 
is to bring the double hooks at the ends of the branches, 
which naturally face in all directions, into contact with the 
wood. Lastly, if the tendrils come into contact with a 
slender object, the sensitive nature of their branches (on 
being touched) close to the little hooks, causes them to curl 
round and clasp it. 

Descr. A slender climber, glabrous, or with a scant 
scabrous pubescence, chiefly on the branchlets, petioles and 
inflorescence ; trunk with corky bark ; branches acutely 
angled. Leaves opposite, bipinnate, the main petiole stiff 
and angular, the secondary more flexuous, and often ending 
in dichotomously branched filiform circinnate tendrils ; 
leaflets few, alternate, petiolate, one-fourth to three-fourths of 
an inch long, ovate-cordate or orbicular, obtuse, more or less 
oblique, entire or lobed. Racemes four to six inches long, 
drooping; bracts small, ovate, green; pedicels secund, a 
quarter to half an inch long. Flowers an inch and a half 
long. Calyx-tube rounded at the base, rather inflated ; lobes 
triangular, erect. Corolla tubular, ventricose above the calyx 
on one side, suddenly contracted at the orifice; limb very 
short, revolute, 5-lobed. Anthers with divaricating lobes and 
glandular connective. Ovary oblong ; style slender, stigmas 
two, diverging. Capsule pendulous, an inch and a half long, 
elongate-ovoid or ellipsoid, suddenly contracted into a stipes, 
coriaceous, wrinkled, 2-valved ; placentas narrow, covered 
with imbricating seeds in many rows. Seeds one-twelfth of 
an inch in diameter, including the broad circular wing, which 
is notched at the base. — J. D. E. 



Fig. 1, Longitudinal section of flower; 2 and 3, front and back view of anthers ; 
4, transverse section of ovary ; 8, section of valve of capsule and placenta with 
seed ; 6, seed: — all but Jig. 5 enlarged. 



6409. 




M. S del J Nugent Eftdbji&l 



- rooks Day* Sou Imp 



Tab. 6409. 

DIOSCOKEA VITTATA. 

Native of Brazil. 

Nat. Ord. DioscorevE. 
Genus Dioscorea, Linn. ; (Kuntli, Enum. vol. v. p. 325). 



Dioscorea (Epistemou) vittata ; caule gracili glabro late volubili, foliis cordato- 
ovatis, cuspidatis integris glabria membranaceis petiolatis, lobis basalibus bre- 
vibus rotundatis, sinu basali laterotnndato, utrinque viridibus vel saepe rubro 
vel albido-variegatis, floribus masculis laxe racemosis 1-3-nis breviter pedun- 
culatis, rachibus pedicelHsque pubescentibus, bracteis minutis lanceolatis, peri- 
anthio luteo-viridulo parvo, tubo brevi campanulato segmentis lineari-lance- 
olatis, staminibus perfectis 6 in tubo insertis segmentis duplo brevioribus, 
filamentis cylindricis, antheris minutis oblongis, floribus femineis ignotis. 

D. vittata, Hort. Butt. Cat. no. 72 (1872), p. 21, (name only). 



This is one out of several Dioseoreas which have heen 
widely grown in our hot-houses of late years for the sake of 
their variegated leaves. The earliest mention of the present 
plant which I have found is in Mr. Bull's catalogue above 
cited. We have had it in the Palm-house at Kew for many 
years, but it never flowered till last autumn. We then found 
that it agreed with a plant belonging to the section Epis- 
temon of Grrisebach, which we have had in the Herbarium for 
a long time without any specific name, gathered by Salzmann 
near Bahia ; the dried specimen, like the living one, repre- 
senting only the staminate plant. It does not agree with 
any of the species described by Grisebach in the "Flora Brasi- 
liensis," nor by Kunth in his u Enumeratio," so we have kept 
the name under which it has been widely distributed in cul- 
tivation. 

Descr. Stems very slender, wide-turning, glabrous. Leaves 
cordate-ovate, entire, cuspidate, with rounded basal lobes and 
a broadly -rounded basal sinus three to five inches long, mem- 
branous in texture, glabrous, green on both sides, or flushed 
with claret-red beneath, or variegated on both sides with red 
and white, with about three main veins on each side of the 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1879, 



midrib, which extend from its base to the margins ; petiole 
one or two inches long. Male racemes one to three from the 
axil of each leaf, three or four inches long, lax, shortly pe- 
duncled ; rachis pubescent ; flowers solitary, on short pubes- 
cent pedicels, each with a minute lanceolate bract at its base. 
Perianth greenish-yellow, an eighth or a sixth of an inch 
long; tube short, campanulate; segments linear-lanceolate, 
three or four times as long as the tube. Fertile stamens six, 
inserted low down in the tube, half as long as the perianth- 
segments ; filaments cylindrical ; anthers minute, yellow, 
oblong. Rudimentary ovary present in the staminate flower. 
Female flowers and fruit unknown. - J. G. Baker. 



1, A single flower ; 2, a flower, opened out ; 3, a stamen ; 4, rudimentary ovary 
of the staminate flower : — nil enlarged. 



6110 




AB del J.Nugent R 



Vracen 






Tab. 6410. 
loasa vulcanica, 

Native of Equador. 

Nat. Orel. Loase^e. 
Genus Loasa, Juss; (Benth. et Hooft.f. Gen. Plant, vol. i., p. 804). 



Loasa vulcanica ; annua, setosa, erecta, foliis tripartitis, segmentis petiolulatis 
elliptico-ovatis obovatisve acuminatis grosse insequaliter lobulatis et 
serratis, petiolulis lateralibus srepe basi pinnulis 2-3 alternis auctis, racemis 
foliosis, foliis floralibus subsessilibus inferioribus tripartitis supremis integris 
omnibus inciso-serratis, floribus nutantibus, calycis lobis late ovatis acutis, 
petabs albis auguste cj-mbiformibus, squanus conicis aureis rubro trans- 
versim vittatis, ovario clavato. 

L. vulcanica, Ed. Andre, III. Hortic. vol. xxv. p. 11, t. 302. 

L. Wallisii, Hort. 



M. Andre, who introduced this pretty plant into cultiva- 
tion during his expedition to the Andes of New Grenada and 
Equador, states in the ' Eevue Horticole ' that he found it in 
June, 1876, forming a common branched bush on the banks 
of the river Pitaton, also occurring at the foot of the 
volcano of Corazon, on the western slope of the Andes, at an 
elevation of 9000 to 10,500 ft. above the sea. There are 
specimens in the Kew Herbarium gathered by Seemann in 
August, 1847, at the village of Gonzanama, also in Equador. 
Like the other members of its family it is covered with 
stinging bristles, as to which M. Andre remarks that the 
obtaining its seeds cost him " les mains bullees en mille 
endroits." 

Loasa vulcanica grows as an erect bush to an height of two 
or three feet, forming a very attractive plant from the number 
of pearly blossoms, each with a golden eye banded with red ; 
it is quite hardy, having flowered without protection in the 
herbaceous ground at Kew in September, last year. The 
artist of our plate, Mrs. Barnard, observed that the filaments 
of each bundle of stamens after having sprung towards the 

FEHBUARV 1ST, 187U. 



centre of the petal, from their original position in the hood 
of the petal, became coiled up as represented in figure 7. In 
some other species the anthers themselves, after fertilization, 
became spirally coiled. The specimen figured was raised 
from seeds received from Mr. Thompson, of Ipswich, under 
the name of Loasa Wallisii. 

Descr. An erect, much-branched, bushy, leafy herb, two 
to three feet high, clothed everywhere with spreading, stinging 
bristles. Leaves three to six inches broad, petioled, tripartite, 
the segments with long petioles, ovate, or ovate-lanceolate, or 
obovate, acuminate, tabulate and coarsely serrate, the lateral 
petiolules with two or three smaller sessile leaflets. Racemes 
leafy, six to eight-flowered, floral leaves sessile, lower trifoli- 
olate, upper simple, irregularly serrate or lacimate. Flowers 
on slender nodding pedicels, one to one and a quarter inch 
in diameter. Calyx-tube clavate, lobes broadly ovate, acute, 
green. Petals clawed, narrowly boat-shaped, white. Scales 
broadly conical, golden yellow with transverse red bands, 
two-lobed at the tip; with two subulate free processes 
attached at its base to its inner face, their tips exserted. 
Bundles of stamens coiled inwards after discharging their 
pollen ; anthers small, short. Style very slender.— J. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Vertical section of flower; 2, 3, 4, lateral, ventral, and dorsal view of 
scales ; 5, subulate process ; 6, bundles of stamens ; 7, tbe same after discbarge 
of pollen : — all enlarged. 



« I 



£#7 




.JNirfeotFildilirai 



Tab. 6411. 
INULA Hookeri. 

Native of the SiMim Himalaya. 

Nat. Ord. Composite. — Tribe Inuloide;e. 
Genus Inula, Linn. ; (Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 330.) 

Inula Hookeri ; superne villosa, foliis sessilibus v. in petiolum brevem angustatis 
elliptico-lanceolatis acuminatis glanduloso-denticulatis menibranaceis supra 
pilosis subtus tomentosis v. glabratis, capitulis solitariis 2J-3J poll, diametro. 
involucri villosissimi bracteis elongato-subulatis recurvis demum squarroso- 
patentibus, ligulis perplurimis 1-seriatis pallide flavis angustis elongatis 
recurvis, aclieniis minutis glabris sulcatis, pappo sordide albo. 

I. Hookeri, C. B. Clarke, Compos. Tndica, p. 122. 



A very free-flowering perennial, with leaves of a remarkably- 
delicate membranous texture and faintly sweet-scented 
flowers. Unfortunately it withers rapidly after being cut, 
so that it can be of little use for decorative purposes except 
in the garden. It is a native of rocky places and the interior 
valleys of Sikkim, at elevations of 7,000 to 10,000 feet, where 
it replaces the very similar I. barbata, Wall., of the western 
Himalaya. Both these closely resemble the /. grandiflora, 
Willd. and I. glandulosa, Willd. which are natives of the 
Caucasus, and the former of which is enumerated by Mr. 
C. B. Clarke a native of the western Himalaya also. 
All these species are, like I. Hookeri, remarkable for the 
glands which terminate at the teeth on the margins of the 
leaves, and all have narrow finally squarrose involucral bracts, 
covered with long shaggy hair. 

Inula Hookeri was introduced into cultivation in Kew by 
seeds sent by myself from Sikkim in 1849, which flowered in 
1851 ; and specimens from which are preserved in the Kew 
Herbarium. It was again raised two years ago from seeds 
sent by M. Gammie also from Sikkim, and from which plants 
the accompanying drawing was made in September of last 
year. 

Descr. Fibrous, with soft hairs, which become tawny 

FEBRUARY 1ST, 1879. 



when dry. Rootstock perennial. Stems one to two feet nigh, 
sparingly branched, slender, angled, pubescent below, villous 
above. Leaves three to four inches long, sessile, or narrowed 
into very short petioles, oblong-lanceolate, acuminate, base 
acute, minutely toothed, the teeth tipped with a globose 
gland, hairy above, usually tomentose beneath, very mem- 
branous, bright green. Heads two and a half to three 
and a half inches in diameter, shortly peduncle d, ter- 
minating leafy branches. Involucre very broad, shaggy; 
bracts elongate, linear-subulate, spreading and recurved, 
finally squarrose. Flowers of the ray very numerous (about 
35), with slender spreading pale- yellow ligules an inch and 
more long ; ligule slightly hairy towards the base, obtusely 
three-toothed at the apex. Disc flowers very numerous. Re- 
ceptacle convex, papillose. Anthers with slender tails. 
Achenes very small, deeply grooved. Pappus hairs in one 
series, dirty-white. — J. D. H. 



Pigs. 1 and 2, Outer and inner involucral bracts ; 3, receptacle ; 4, the same 
cut vertically ; 5, corolla of the ray ; 6, young achene of the ray crowned with the 
base of an accessory foliaceous appendage; 7, style-arms of ray-flower , 8, flower 
of disc ; 9, stamen ; 10, its style-arms ; 11, pappus hair : — all enlarged. 



GflZ 




H TD a*! J.Nugmt.TiilrtiT.iOi 



Tab. 6412. 

cuphea lanceolata. 
Native of Mexico. 



Nat. Ord. Lythraiue^e. — Tribe Lythb&s. 
Genus Cuphea, P. Br. ; (Bcnth. et Hook. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 776). 



Cuphea lanceolata j glanduloso-pubescens et viscosa, caule erecto strictb, foliis 
nppositis et altemis petiolatis ovatis v. ovato-lanceolatis obtusiuBCulis, 
floribus axillaribus solitariis pedicellatis deflexis, pedicellis 2-bracteolatis, 
bracteolis parvis, calycis tubo elongate imo basi gibbo infra orcm antice 
inflato lobo dorsali triangulari ovato erecto, ceteris brevissimus aoutis sinubus 
penicillis villorum auctis, filamentis brevibus longe lanatis, antheris oblongis, 
ovario lanceolato glabro disci processu linguseformi basi stipato. 

C. lanceolata, Ait. Hart. Kew. ed. 2, vol. iii. p. 150 ; Kunth, Nov. Gen. etSp. vol. 
vi. p. 605 ; DC. Prod. vol. iii. p. 85 ; Don in Street. Brit. Fl. Qard. vol. vii. t. 
402 ; Reyel, Gartenfl. 1864, p. 89, t. 424. 

C. Zimpani, fioezl, MS. 



This belongs to the same section of the large genus 
Cuphea as the old C. silenoides, Nees (Tab. nost. 4302), but 
is a taller-growing, more erect, and much handsomer plant, 
with strict (not flexuous) branches, longer calyx-tubes, and 
much larger flowers. Regel, indeed, in the 'Gartenflora,' 
reduces C. silenoides to a variety of this, but the habit and 
other characters of the two are so different that I do not feel 
justified in adopting this conclusion, especially after observing 
them growing side by side. 

Cuphea lanceolata was introduced into English cultivation 
as long ago as 1796, by Mr. Anderson, then curator of the 
famous Apothecaries' garden at Chelsea, but was soon lost, 
no doubt from its having been treated as a stove plant, as 
directed in the l Hortus Kewensis.' It was reintroduced at 
Hamburgh in about 1335, by Messrs. Booth, and was flowered 

iT.TUuwnv 1st. 1S79. 



in England as a Lardy plant by Messrs. Osborne, of Fulham 
soon again to be suppressed in England in the rage for new 
things and neglect of any hardy herbaceous plants but the 
gaudy " bedding-out stuff's.'' It, however, held its place on 
the continent, from whence seeds were received at Kew some 
years ago. It flowers annually in the herbaceous grounds, 
and has a very handsome appearance in September and 
October, presenting in its robust habit and erect growth, 
larger, deeper-coloured petals, with no pale border, a 
marked contrast to the half prostrate flexuous-stemmed 
0. silenoides. 

Descr. An erect, straight, viscidly glandular-pubescent 
annual, three to four feet high; branches stout, erect, purplish 
green. Leaves half an inch to three inches long, opposite and 
alternate, petioled, ovate or ovate-lanceolate, obtuse, quite 
entire, membraneous, soft, bright green. Flowers axillary, 
solitary, pedicelled, deflexed ; pedicels one-third to one half 
an inch long, purple, 2-bracteolate, bracteoles alternate, green, 
small. Calyx an inch long, tubular, gibbous at the very base 
above, and swollen below the throat below, ten-nerved, 
purple, very viscid ; upper lobe triangular-ovate, erect ; four 
others very small, spreading or recurved, broadly triangular, 
acute, with a tuft of villous hairs in the sinus between each. 
Four dorsal petals three- quarters of an inch in diameter, 
orbicular, clawed, fine maroon purple with pale veins ; four 
other petals very small, orbicular, paler. Stamens hardly 
exserted from the throat of the calyx, filaments short, densely 
woolly above the middle ; anther oblong. Ovary lanceolate, 
with a slender straight style, attached at its base to the 
recurved tongue-shaped disk. Capsule included in the sub- 
erect calyx -tube, ovoid, many-seeded. — J. D. II 



Fig. 1, Vertical section of flower ; 2, front, and 3, side view of calyx; 4 and 5, 
stamens ; 6, ovary ami disk ; ?. capsule burst open ; 8, seed-bearing axis ; 9, seed : 
— all enlarged. 



64 13 




MS U.JU'tgont.BtcbLid, 



^QcentBroofeDaj S 5cm Imp 



Tab. 6413. 

ANEMONOPSIS MACROPHYLLA. 
Native of Japan. 



Nat. Ord. Ranuncclackje. — Tribe Hellebores. 
Genus Anemoxopsis, Sieh. et Zucc. (Benth. et Hook.f, Gen. Plant, vol. i. p. 8). 



Anemonopsis meter ophyllaj elata, glaberrima, caule ramisque gi'acibbus ri^idis 
flexuosis cylindraceis purpurascentibus, foliis amplis bi- tri-ternatis, petiolis 
petiolulisque gracilibus rigidis, foliolis ovato- v. elliptico-lanceolatis grosse 
irregulariter subduplicatim serratis acutis v. acuminatis, intermedio petiolu- 
lato, lateralibus sessilibus, racemis laxifloris, floribus longe pedicellatis 
nutantibus, bracteolis pedicello et rachi parvis lanceolatis v. trifidis viridibus, 
lloribus diametro sesquipollicaribtis pallide lilacinis, sepalis 3 exterioribus 
concavis dorso saturate fusco-purpureis. 

A. macropbylla. Sieb.et Zuoe. Fl. Jap. Fam. Nat. sect. 1, p. 75; Walp. Ann. vol. 
i. p. 1 .">">. 



Though described upwards of thirty years ago, this highly 
remarkable plant has until recently been little known to 
botanists ; nor until ver}^ lately has it been brought under 
cultivation. It was discovered in North Japan by the Dutch 
traveller and naturalist, Siebold, and described by him and his 
coadjutor in publication, Zuccarini, in the Transactions of the 
Bavarian Academy of Sciences about 1847. Since then it has 
been collected by Tchnonoski in 18G4, and specimens com- 
municated by him to Maximovicz, the very learned Russian 
botanist, who spent many years in the exploration of the 
Japanese Archipelago, and by whom magnificent dried 
specimens were sent to Ivew. From these the details of the 
fruit and seeds are given in the accompanying plate. 

Anemopsis is a near ally of Cimicifuga, differing in its very 
large anemone-like flower, and in the shape of the petals ; it 
consists of but one species. The plant from which our figure 
was made flowered on the rock-work at Kew in July of last 
year. 

KEBTRATtY 1ST. 18/0. 



Descr. An erect perennial herb, two to three feet high, 
everywhere quite glabrous, smooth and shining. Stem wiry, 
rigid, cylindrical, of a dirty-purple colour, flexuous, simple. 
Leaves on very long petioles, eight to ten inches broad, 
triangular in outline, biternately compound ; petiole of the 
lowermost leaf a foot long, sheathing at the very base ; 
partial petioles very slender, lateral divaricating; leaflets 
two to four inches long, ovate or ovate-lanceolate, cuneate at 
the base, unequally incised-serrate or toothed, the teeth 
apiculate, terminal petiolulate, lateral sessile. Floivers one 
and a half inch in diameter, drooping or inclined, in lax 
few-flowered racemes, or the lowest flower axillary ; bracts 
on the rachis and pedicel small, green, rigid, lanceolate, or two 
to three-fid ; pedicels two to four inches long, curved. Sepals 
about nine, concave, spreading, the three outer dirty-purple 
externally, internally a pale lilac, as are all the rest and the 
petals. Petals about twelve, erect, strongly imbricating in 
several series, about one-third the length of the sepals, linear- 
oblong, rather contracted downwards, tip rounded, thickened 
towards the base on the middle of the inner face. Stamens 
numerous, filaments filiform ; anthers narrowly oblong, con- 
nective much thickened at the back, and produced into a 
point; cells adnate, linear, opening in front. Carpels 3, 
erect, subulate, ending in slender erect styles ; ovules very 
numerous, two-seriate. Fruit carpels two, stipitate, sharply 
deflexed, obtuse, falcate, membranous, much compressed, with 
the stigma lateral, about ten-seeded. Seeds oblong; testa 
covered with membranous quadrate scales radiating especially 
from the margins ; albumen copious ; embryo minute, 
cotyledons short oblong, radicle subglobose. — J. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Petal ; 2, stamens ; 3, carpels ; 4 and 5, the same cut vertically and 
transversely ; 6, follicles ; 7 seed ; 8 and 9, the same cut transversely and verti- 
cally ; 10, embryo : — all enlarged. 



M11 




n:i;i),j,-i in eolith 



Vjiic-kt 






Tab. 6414. 
EUCHL^ENA luxurians. 

Native of Guatemala. 

Nat. Ord. Gramine.e. — Tribe OlyrejE. 
Genus Eucul^xa, Schrader; (Meissn. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 319.) 



Euchljsna luxurians; glabra, culmis robustis elatis dense fasciculatis sim- 
plicibus erectis foliosis, foliis 3-4-pedalibus elongato-lanceolatis longe acu- 
minatis planis junioribus marginibus cartilagineo-serrulatis multinerviis 
laevibus, ligula brevi membranacea integra v. fissa, spiculis ? in spicas 
terminales unilaterales subcorymbosim fasciculatis dispositis 2-floris, glu- 
mis vacuis scaberulis ovato-lanceolatis exteriore multinervi glumis Ho- 
riferis paleis angustioribus noris inferioris 3-nervi superions 1-nervi, 
lodiculis subquadratis carnosulis margine superiore crenato, Bpiculis °. i Q 
spicas elongatas alternatim dispositis et in cameris racheos profundere 
cavati. 

E. luxurians, Durieu de Maisonneuve et Ascherson in Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn., 
Paris, No. 14, p. 105 (January, 1877). 

Eeana luxurians, Durieu in Bull. Soc. d'Acclim., Ser. 2, vol. ix. p. 581 (1872). 



Few fodder grasses have of late years attracted more atten- 
tion than the magnificent plant here figured, whether for its 
supposed value or for its botanical interest. The first notice 
of it is contained in an interesting article communicated by 
the late M. Durieu de Maisonneuve (Director of the Botanical 
Garden at Bordeaux) to the Acclimatation Society of France 
in 1872, which states that the author received the seeds from 
the Society about four years previously under the name of 
Teosinte, and as coming from Guatemala. From experiments 
made with it in Bordeaux, Collioure, and Antibes, he pro- 
nounced it to be a plant of ctune vegetation prodigieuse, every 
seed producing about 100 stems, and these attaining 10 feet 
in height, but as incapable of flowering in these localities, 
and as cut down by the first frosts. From imperfect flowers 
produced at Antibes, he refers it to the genus Reana, which 
is a synonym of Euchltena, as pointed out by Ascherson in 
the paper quoted under the specific character. Latterly this 
grass has been successfully cultivated at Cairo, from whence 
we have received excellent specimens and seeds from Dr. 
Schweinfurth, and its valuable properties as a fodder grass 
have been abundantly verified. Seeds of it have been dis- 
tributed both from Kew and from Cairo, to Cyprus, and the 
East and West Indies, Australia, and tropical Africa. 

In a botanical point of view EachUena is a most inter- 

MARCH 1st, 1870. 



H.T 




6-m 



.laceatBrooks L/av &.\ 



Tab. 6415. 

MONNINA XALAFENSIS. 

Native of Mexico. 

Nut. Ord. Polygale^e. 
Genus Monnina, Ruiz et Pav. ; {Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. PI i. p. 139.) 



Monnina xalapensis ; f ruticosa, glaberrima v. ramulis et inflorescentia pubescente, 
ramulis strictiusculis angulatis, foliis elliptico- v. obovato-lanceolatia v. ob- 
lanceolatis acuminatis in petiolum brevissimum longe angustatis membra- 
naceis nervis obscuris, racemis terminalibus et axillaribus simplicibus v. ter- 
minable basi ramosi sepalis exterioribus late ovatis obtnsis interioribns 
oblique semiorbicularibus concavis mulloties minoribus, carina galeata 
3-loba, lobis rotundatis margine, anticovilloso, petalis interioribus columnaa 
staminese adnatis superne in appendiceru coebleatan prodnctis, ovario l-lo- 
culari, stigmate apice dilatato truncato, drupa ellipsoidea utrinque acuta 
exalata. 

M. xalapensis, H. B. et K. Nov. Gen. et Sp. vol. v. p. 314 ; Kunth Synops. PI. 
Mquinoct. vol. iii. p. 320; DG. Prod. vol. i. p. 339; Benth. PI Hartweg, 
p. 10 ; Masters in Gard. Ghron. 1879, p. 50. 

Hebeandka euonymoides, Bonpl. in H. B. K, etc. p. 42. 



Apparently a common and variable Mexican plant, at an 
elevation of 3000 to 4000 feet, where it was discovered by 
Humboldt and Bonpland. It forms an evergreen shrub or 
small tree, conspicuous for its bright green foliage and 
copious racemes of blue flowers. The genus, which is a 
large one, containing some fifty species, is confined to South 
America, and is allied to Folygala, differing in the arrange- 
ment of the petals and the indehiscent fruit ; one has been 
already figured in this work, the M. obtusi/olia of Peru 
(Tab. 3122). 

I am indebted to Lady Dorothy Nevill for the specimen 
here figured, which flowered in the gardens of Dangstein in 
October last. It is, I fear, the last plant that will be figured 
from that noble private collection, which is shortly to be 
broken up, to the deep regret of all lovers of botany and 
horticulture. 

Descr. An evergreen slender shrub or small tree, glabrous 
or more or less pubescent, or even tomentose on the branch- 
lets and inflorescence; branches angled, compressed above. 

march 1st, 1879. 



Leaves very variable in size and shape, two to four inches 
long, elliptic and equally narrowed to both ends, or obovate- 
lanceolate, or oblanceolate, acute or acuminate, quite entire, 
always gradually narrowed below into a very short petiole, 
which is jointed on to a prominence of the branches ; mem- 
branous, fiat ; nerves obscure. Racemes one to three inches 
long, axillary and terminal, erect, simple, and the terminal 
one rarely branched at the base ; bracts minute, ovate, very 
deciduous ; pedicels very short. Flowers about one-fourth of 
an inch in diameter, bright blue. Sepals, three outer short, 
pubescent, ovate, obtuse ; two inner very large, obliquely 
semicircular, very concave, with a sub- acute point and straight 
lower edge. Petals, three outer forming a 3-lobed hood over 
the stamens, lobes obtuse ; two inner adnate to the staminal 
column, and terminating upwards in a spoon-shaped appen- 
dage. Ovary oblong, 1 -celled, with a prominent gland at its 
base ; style very thick, bent at right angles, and terminating 
in a dilated truncate stigma. Fruit, a drupe one-fourth of an 
inch long, ellipsoid and acute at both ends. — /. B. II. 



Fig. 1, Flower with one inner sepal removed ; 2, the same viewed from the 
other aides ; 3, flower with both inner sepals removed ; 4, staminal column and 
inner petals ; 5, stamen ; 6, pedicel and ovary ; 7, transverse section of ovary : 
— all enlarged. 



&HG 




&t: 



i^eiit S'tch.Lith. 



7in«nlBroolBDayfc.5on^ 



Tab. 6416. 

CKOCUS VITELLINUS. 

Native of Syria and Asia Minor. 

Nat. Ord. Iridace^e. — Tribe Ixie.e. 
Genus Crocus, Tournef. ; {Baker in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xvi. p. 79.) 



Crocus vitellinus ; hyemalis, tunicis exterioribus brunneis in fibras parallelaa 
deorsum dissolutis, spatha basali nulla, foliis 5-6 synanthiis anguste 
linearibus albo vittatis, spatha propria diphylla, periantbii tubo citrino 
2-3-pollicari, fauce concolori glabro, limbi aurei concoloris Bubpollicaris seg- 
mentis oblongo-spatbulatis, antheris citrinis filamento glabro subasqui- 
longis, styli fulvo-lutei ramis permultis capillaceis divaricatis. 

C. vitellinus, Wahlenb. in Isis, vol. xxi. p. 106 ; Baker in Gard. Chron. 1873, 
p. 680 ; in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xvi. p. 84. 

C. syriacus, Boiss. et Gaill. in Boiss. Biagn. ser. 2, vol. iv. p. 94. 

C. Balansse, J. Gay in Batons. PI. Orient. Exsic. anno 1854, No. 34. 

Var. syriacus ; limbi segmentis dorso atro lineatis. (tab. nostr. fig. 3.) 

C syriacus, Baker in Gard. Chron. et Journ. Linn. Soc. loc cit. 

C. lagenseflorus var. (?) syriacus, Herb, in Journ. Hort. Soc. vol. ii. p. 282. 



This is the only yellow-flowered Crocus of the section with 
a much-divided style. It is an inhabitant of Syria and Asia 
Minor, and now that we possess a fuller supply of material 
it seems clear that, as was first suggested by Mr. Gr. Maw, 
spiacvs and vitellinus are only two forms of one and the same 
species, one with a striped, and the other with a concolorous 
perianth-limb. "We have the type from several places on the 
western slope towards Saida and Beyrout of the Lebanon 
range, where it was discovered by a Swedish traveller called 
Berggren in 1820, and also from the neighbourhood of 
Smyrna,* where it was found by Balansa in 1854. Of the 
striped variety there is a specimen in the Banksian herbarium, 
gathered about Aleppo a hundred years ago by Dr. Eussell, 
and it has been lately refound in the same neighbourhood by 
Dr. Haussknecht, and in the Cilician Taurus, by Mr. and 
Mrs. Danford. The plant tiowers from November to March 



* Mr. G. Maw, who has also gathered this, thinks it may prove a distinct 
species, as although growing at a low level it flowers as late as March.— See 
Gard. Chron. 1879, p. 234. 

makch 1st, 1879. 



and is still rare in English gardens. The material for the 
drawing of the type was a specimen in the Kew collection, 
presented by Mr. Gr. Maw ; and of the striped variety a plant 
sent up by the Eev. H. Harper Crewe, who obtained it from 
M. Chapellier, of Paris. 

Descr. Corm ovoid, middle-sized, the firm, brown outer 
tunics splitting up more or less into parallel fibres towards 
the base. Corm producing one to three buds, of one to five 
flowers each, the top of the flower five or six inches from the 
top of the corm. Basal spathe obsolete. Leaves five or six 
to a bud, quite cotemporary with the flowers, narrow, gla- 
brous, with revolute edges and a distinct white central band. 
Proper spathe of two valves. Perianth tube filiform, pale 
yellow, two or three inches long ; limb about an inch long, 
orange-yellow, its oblong spathulate segments concolorous in 
the original vitellinus, striped with five feathered lines down 
the back in the variety syriacus, and in a third form plain 
orange with an obscurely lineate, brownish blotch at the base ; 
throat glabrous, concolorous. Anthers lemon-yellow, about 
the same length as their filaments. Styles fulvous, cut up 
into numerous diverging capillary branches. — /. G. Baker. 



Fig. 1, A plant of var. syriacus ; 2, its style branches, magnified ; 3, a plant 
of typical C. vitellinus : — natural size. 



64/7. 




H.T.D . d el J.lSugent Kt eh, LiOl 



entBrooks Day e\5°n W 



Tab. 6417. 
COTYLEDON ramosissima. 

Native of South Africa. 

Nat. Ord. Crassulace.e. 
Genus Cotyledok, Linn.; (Benth. fy Hooh.f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 659.) 



Cotyledox (Paniculate) ramosissima ; fruticosa, glaberrima, glaucescens, 
foliosa, ramosissima, caule crasso erecto, ramis ramulisque confertis paten- 
tibus cylindraceis annulatim cicatricatis, foliis confertis breviter petiolatis 
obovato-orbiculatis subacutis v. breviter cuspidatisconcavis integerrimis dure 
carnosis purpureo-marginatis glauco-viridibus, floribus ad apices ramulorum 
solitariis pedicellatis cernuis sesquipollicaribus, calycis brevis dentibus 
acutis sinubus latis rotundatis, corolla campanulata cylindracea viriscente 
lobis brevibus recurvis pallide sanguineis, filamentis corollae tubo basi 
adnatis antberis exsertis, carpellis gracilibus, ovariis antice planis, basi 
squamis cucullatis adnatis. 

C. ramosissima, Haw. suppl. p. 25 ; DO. Prodr., vol. iii. p. 396; Harv. fy Bond. 
FT. Cap., vol. ii. p. 372. 



A native of the interior districts of South Africa, as at 
Uitenhage, George, the Zwartkops river, where it forms a 
bush from one to three feet high, remarkable for its density, 
bushy and leafy habit, and the pale glaucous green of 
the foliage and young parts. It is very closely allied to the 
beautiful C. orbiculata of this Magazine (Tab. 321), differing 
in habit and wanting that snowy glaucous hue of that plant, 
but remarkably similar in form and size of the ilower. Though 
referable to the section with panicled flowers in all other 
respects but this, the flowers are in all our specimens, living 
and dried, solitary at the tips of the branchlets. 

Cotyledon ramosissima has been long cultivated at Kew, and 
all trace of its introduction is lost, though this must have 
been since the date of the publication of the second edition 
of the " Hortus Kewensis," namely 1811, in which work it 
is not described ; it was, however, discovered soon after that 
date (in 1813) by Burchell, whose specimens are at the Kew 
Herbaries. The Kew plant for which the accompanying 
figure was made was sent by Mr. McGibbon, of the Cape- 
town Botanical Gardens, and flowered in the month of 
September. 

Descr. A bushy, succulent, much branched, erect shrub, 

march 1st, 1879. 



one to three feet high ; branches cylindric, annulate, covered 
with an ashy bark. Leaves crowded, opposite, three-quarters 
to one inch long, orbicular, obovate, subacute or cuspidate, 
concave, densely fleshy, quite entire, nerveless minute glau- 
cous furpuraceous scales, derived from the dead upper cells 
of the epidermis, margins dull purple. Flowers solitary at 
the tips of the branchlets, drooping, an inch and a half 
long ; peduncle curved, naked, shorter than the flower, swol- 
len in a top-shaped manner beneath the calyx. Calyx- 
tube short, cupular; teeth five, very short, triangular, acumi- 
nate, appressed to the corolla, separated by a broad shallow 
rounded sinus. Corolla much larger than the calyx, fleshy, 
campanulate ; tube pale glaucous-green, cylindric or obscurely 
angular, lobes one-third the length of the tube, spreading, 
ovate, acute, thick, glabrous. Stamens ten, filaments long, 
much thickened and pubescent at the base, where they are 
united into a ring which is attached to the corolla near its 
base ; this ring projects in the cavity of the corolla and forms 
at its base a chamber which probably catches the nectar secreted 
by the glands at the base of the carpels, which would other- 
wise escape from the pendulous flower; anthers exserted. 
Carpels slender, tapering into filiform styles ; ovary flat on 
the back, adnate below the horizontal fleshy cucullate 
hypogynous glandular scales. — /. D. II. 



Fig. 1, Vertical section of flower; 2, portion of corolla laid open, and stamens 
Bhowing the chamber formed by the shortened bases of the filaments ; 3, bases 
of carpels and scales ; 4, transverse section of carpel : — all enlarged. 




JiTD del JTJuBeutPrtri 



Tab. 6418. 

CARLUDOVICA ensiformis. 

Native of Costa Rica. 

Nat. Ord. Cyclanthe.e. 
Genus Carludovica, Ruiz et Pav. ; (Endl. Gen. Plant., p. 242). 



Carludovica Ensiformis ; 2-3-pedalis, subacaulis, foliis distichis longe petiolatis 
ad basinfere bipartitis, segmentis ensiformibus \{ poll, latis acuti8 4-nerviis 
coriaceis planis, petiolo subcylindrico antice sulcato, marginibus sulci mem- 
branaceis basin versus scariosis imo basi vaginantibus, pedunculo 2-3-polli- 
cari nutante v. suberecta, spathis ad 3-4-pollicaribus lanceolatis longe 
acuminatis cymbi£ormibu3 extus brunneis intus albis cadacia, spadice 
oblongo l|-pollicari, fl. <$ perianthii lobis ad 12 brevibus oblongis obtusis 
carnosis suberectis v. recurvis, staminibus perplurimis confertis filamentis 
e basi mamillari gracilibus brevissimis, antheris oblongis connectivo apici in 
papillam producto, fl. $ perianthii lobis erectis quadratis angulis rotundatis 
margins superiore undulato. 



The members of the very curious natural family of Cyclan- 
thecB are all tropical American, and are very little known, 
although one of them, the Carludovica palmata, of New 
Grenada, is the plant from the leaves of which the famous 
Panama hats, cigar cases, and other similar plaited fabrics, 
so celebrated for their fineness, durability, lightness, and 
flexibility, are made. Only two genera of this Order are 
known, Carludovica and Cyclanthus, and about a dozen de- 
scribed species : they are closely allied to the Aroidece and 
Pandanece, and, as with these, some are scandent, their stems 
adhering to the branches of lofty trees by adventitious roots, 
and others are, like the one here figured, stemless and 
terrestrial. One of the species of Carludovica only has been 
figured in this Magazine, namely, Ludovia latifolia (Tab. 
2950-1). The name Ludovia was substituted by Persoon for 
the original one, Carludovica (of Ruiz and Pa von), on the 
ground of the barbarity of so latinizing the conjoint names 
of Charles XI. of Spain and his Queen Louisa, after whom 
the genus was so called. As however, in so many other 
cases, euphony has carried the day over classical rules and the 
laws of botanical nomenclature, for Carludovica has wholly 
superseded Ludovia amongst botanists. 
march 1st, 187i>. 



This curious plant was imported from Costa Rica a good 
many years ago, and flowered for the first time in June, 1874. 
Our drawing was, however, made on a subsequent occasion, 
namely, in August, 1877. 

Desch. Stem very short or none. Leaves three to four 
pairs, distichous, long petioled ; two to three feet long ; blade 
divided nearly to the base into two divergent, ensiform, acute, 
or scarcely acuminate, flat, coriaceous, 4-nerved divisions ; 
nerves very prominent ; nervules obscure ; entire portion two 
to four inches long, with an acute sinus, the margins pro- 
duced downwards on to the petiole, which is a foot or more 
long, rather slender, cylindric above, compressed below, with 
a deep frontal groove; margins of the groove membranous 
and overlapping, the membrane becoming broader, scarious, 
and sheathing below. Peduncle three to four inches long, 
erect or inclined, cylindric; spathes four, spreading, three 
inches long, lanceolate, long acuminate, boat- shaped, brown 
externally, white within. Spadix shortly oblong, one and a 
half inches long, obtuse. Flowers densely crowded. Males 
with an obconic base and about twelve broadly oblong, fleshy, 
suberect, or recurved obtuse short lobes in one series. Stamens 
very numerous, each seated on a globose fleshy mamilla or 
base of the filament, which above it is very short and slender. 
Anthers oblong, tipped with a globose production of the con- 
nective. Females with four almost quadrate, erect, or incurved 
fleshy perianth lobes, and four filiform staminodes three and a 
half inches long, one opposite to and at the base of each 
segment. — J. D. H. 

Fig 1, Female flower seen from above with the staminodes removed ; 2, male 
flower ; both enlarged ; 3, head of unripe fruit of the natural size. 



64 W. 




A B del J.S.Fitxi.L-Lth 



Tab. 6419. 

COREOPSIS NUDATA. 

Native of the Southern United States. 



Nat. Ord. Composite. — Tribe Helianthoide,*;. 
Genus Coreopsis, Linn. ; {Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. v. ii. p. 385.) 



Cokeopsis nudata; gracillirna, glaberrima, caule erecto tereti dicbotome rainoso, 
foliis _ paucis, radicalibus elongato filiformi-subulatis cylindraceis longe 
acuminatis caulinis sparsis subulatis'brevibus, capitulis amplis, involucri 
parvuli bracteis exterioribus brevibus recurvis late oblongis obtusis, interior- 
ibus oblongo lanceolatis apices versus acutatis, floribus radii ad 8 limbo late 
obovato apice obtuse 2-4-lobo roseo v. purpureo, fl. disci flavis dentibus re- 
curvis papulosis, acheniis quadrato-oblougis bispidulis anguste alatis acutia 
brevibus ciliatis. 

C. nudata, Nutt. Gen. vol. ii. p. 180 ; et in Trans. Amer. Phil. Soe. New Ser. 
vol. vii. p. 360 ; Torr. & Gr. Fl. N. Am. vol. ii. p. 348 ; DO. Prodr. vol. vii. p. 
574 ; Ghapm. Fl. 8. United States, p. 236. 

Calliopsis nudata, Spreng. Syst. Veg. vol. iii. p. 611. 



A singularly beautiful plant, with the foliage of a rush, and 
the flower of a small Dahlia, or of a very large Anemone of 
the Japonica group ; a native of swamps and ponds in the 
pine-barrens near the coast of the Southern United States 
from Georgia to Florida. It has been referred to a small 
section of the genus, to which the name of Cosmella has 
been given ; but which appears to be a purely artificial 
group. The root is almost tuberous, and the leaves like 
those of a very slender rush, they are stated to be fistular in 
a note attached to dried specimens communicated by the late 
Dr. Torry, but they are certainly solid in the specimens 
cultivated at Kew. 

The seeds of Coreopsis nudata were received from Professor 
Asa Gray, and were sown in a pan of moist soil in a warn 
pit, the plants thus raised flowered in the open air in September 
of last year. 

Descr, A tall very slender glabrous perennial marsh or 

APRIL 1st, 1879. 



pond plant ; root-stock short, stout, almost tuberous, emit- 
ting stout fibres. Stems two to four feet high, very graceful, 
simple below, sparingly dichotomously branched above, the 
branches terminating in single heads. Leaves very few; 
radical erect, very slender, rush-like, with short bases that 
sheath the very base of the stem, quite terete and smooth, 
purplish green ; cauline leaves few, small, short, subulate. 
Heads two and a half inches in diameter, with a very small 
disk, and about 8 large purple rose-coloured or crimson rays. 
Involucre short, one-third of an inch in diameter ; outer bracts, 
broadly oblong, obtuse, recurved ; inner erect, linear-oblong, 
toothed towards the summit, receptacle naked, papilose. Tlay- 
flowers with a small naked achene, a very short slender tube, 
and a broad obovate-spathulate limb an inch long and nearly 
half as broad, entire or lobulate at the tip, 5-nerved. Disk 
flowers yellow ; corolla-tube long, with short papillar recurved 
teeth; anther-cells shortly ciliate at the base. Stigmatic 
arms spreading, truncate. Achenes nearly quadrate, with a 
narrow ciliate wing, and two short hispid arms. — /. D. H. 



Figs. 1 and 2, inner in volucral bracts ; 3, section of involucre and receptacles ; 
4, ray flower ; 5, style arms ; 6, di*k flower ; 7, achene ; 8, anther ;—all enlarged. 



6420. 




M.S^ielJ/NF.tcnLuk. 



LReeve !t C° London. 



"WnceatBroote Day iitSon inp 



Tab. 0420; 

VILLAESTA capitata. 

Native of Western Australia. 



Nat. Ord. Gentiane^:. — Tribe Menyanthe^. 
Genua Villaksia, Vent.: {Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 819.) 



Villaksia capitata; caule erecto aimpliciaculo folioso, foliis longe petiolatis 
reniformibus orbiculatis v. late ovatia obtusis integerrimis v. ainuato-den- 
tatia, floribus in capitula involucrata terminalia congestia pedieellatis,bracteia 
ovatia obtuais concavis, bracteolis minntis ciliolatis, calycia segmentia ovato- 
lanceolatia acutis v. acuminatia piloaia v. lanatis, corolla? lobia aub^quad- 
ratis apice bilobia lobia sinuque acutia marginibua eroaia basi ciliatis, 
antheria incluaia, glandulia hypogynis 5 subulatia apice penicillatia, ovario 
elongato-ovoideo, atigmatibua liaearibua v. dilatatia, aeminibua lsevibua 
nitidia. * 

V. capitata, Nees in PI. Preiss. vol. i. 365 ; Benth. Fl. Austral, vol. iv. p. 375. 

V. involucrata, Hook. Ic. PI. p. 725. 



A native of the Swan Eiver district in marshy ground, 
where it attains a height of six inches or so. I have referred 
it to V. capitata with some doubt, because in the descriptions 
of that plant as well as in the figure {V. involucrata) cited 
above, the corolla-lobes are acute and quite entire, and little if 
at all longer than the calyx, whereas in the plant here figured 
they are much longer than the calyx, broad, strongly 2-lobed 
and denticulate. On referring to the dried specimens, from 
which both the description of V. capitata and the drawing 
(of V. involucrata) were made, I find the corolla has 
withered after the manner of Villarsias, namely by the exces- 
sively membranous lobes rolling inwards till the whole is 
shortened, and, as it were, retracted within the calyx, and no 
amount of maceration or careful dissection has sufficed to 
unfold them as to show their true shapes. In its usual 
state the heads of V. capitata are much more woolly than 
those of the specimen here figured, but this character is a 
very variable one. 

APRIL 1st, 1879. 



For the seeds of this pretty plant, the Royal Gardens are 
indebted to Baron Von Mueller. When sown in a pot of 
earth standing in water they vegetated in profusion, and in a 
fe v w months the surface of the pot was clothed with a thick 
mass of bright green foliage studded with primrose-coloured 
flowers which appeared in succession for some weeks in the 
open air. 

Descr. Erect, glabrous ; stem three to six inches high, 
simple or nearly so, with two or three leaves, rather stout 
and fleshy. Leaves one-fourth to three-fourths of an inch in 
diameter, long-petioled, orbicular obovate or broadly ovate, 
quite entire or sinuate-toothed, bright green; petiole 1-4 
inches long, sheathing at the base. Flowers pedicelled, 
in terminal involucrate heads ; outer involucral bracts spathu- 
late, inner ovate obtuse concave, rather gibbous beneath, 
glabrous hairy or villous ; bracteoles on the pedicels minute. 
Calyx of 5 spreading ovate -lanceolate hairy divisions. 
Corolla, one-half to three- fourths of an inch in diameter, bright 
yellow; throat hairy, lobes much longer than the calyx, 
broadly oblong, bifid, the teeth and sinus between them 
acute, margins erose or toothed. Stamens inserted in the 
corolla-tube, filaments short ; anther oblong. Ilypoyynous 
(/lands subulate, with a pencil of hairs at the tip. Ovary 
narrowly ovoid, narrowed into an erect style with two oblong 
or spathulate stigmatic lobes; placentas parietal near the 
base of the cell. Capsule surrounded by the marcescent calyx 
and corolla, many-seeded. Seeds discoid, quite smooth and 
shining. — J. I). II 



Fig. 1, leaf; 2, outer involucral leaf ; 3, back view of flower ; 4, part of corolla, 
and two stamens ; 5, anther ; 6, ovary and hypognous glands ; 7, hypogynous 
glands; 8 and 9, stigmas; 10, transverse 11, vertical section of ovary; J 2, 
young aeed : — all enlarged. 



64 Z1. 




AB3el •TNTtuiilith, 






Tab. 6421. 

GENTIANA andrewsii. 
Native of Canada and the Eastern United States. 



Nat. Ord. Gentiane*. — Tribe Swertie.e. 
Genus Gentiana, Linn.; (Benth. §■ Hoolc.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 815. 



Gentiana (Pneumonanthe) Andrewsii ; erecta, robusta, glaberrima, foliis e basi 
angusta lanceolatis v. ovato-lanceolatis acuminatis 3-nerviis margine sca- 
berulis, floribus in capitulum terminalem congestis et in axillia foliorum 
fasciculatis sessilibus v. breviter pedicellatia erectis, calycis lobis ovatis 
oblongisve tubo cylindraceo multo brevioribus, corolla ccerulea calycem 
longe excedente innato-clavato obtuse angulata, ore contracto,lobia obsoletis, 
appendicibus inflexis minutis fimbriatis, antheris in tubum cobasrentibus, 
capsula exserta, seminibus late alatis. 

G. Andrewsii, Griseb. Gen. Sf Sp. Gentian., 287 ; et in Hook. Fl. Bor. Am., vol. 
ii. p. 55 ; et in A. DC. Prodr., vol. ix. p. 113 ; A. Gray, Man. Bot, p. 388 ; 
Torr. Fl. New York, vol ii. p. 107 t. 80. ' 

G. Saponaria, Frart. Gent., p. 32 excl. Syn. ; Bartl. Fl. N. Am., t. 79 ; ? Ait. 
Hort. Kew, ed 2, vol. ii. p. Ill ; ? Bot. Mag., 1. 1039, non Linn. 



This, the "Closed gentian" of the Americans, is one of the 
handsomest species of the genus ; it was long confounded 
with an American close ally, the G. Saponaria of Linnseus, 
from which it was first distinguished by Grisebach, who, 
however, does not observe.that the G Saponaria (erroneously 
quoted as G. Catesbdei, is De Candolles Prodronus 1. c), figured 
in this work (t. 1039) is, as far as can be ascertained from the 
imperfect description and very indifferent drawing, referable 
to G. Andrewsii. The chief diagnostic characters between 
these two species are the linear or spathulate calyx lobes of 
G. Saponaria, which equal or exceed the tube, its light blue 
corolla, with distinct lobes, and cleft appendages, and its acute 
narrowly winged seeds. Of these characters the colour of tl.e 
corolla, and the form and size of the calyx lobes are the only 
ones determinable from the figure at t. 1039, and as these 
accord with those of G. Andrewsii, I have little doubt of the 
plate in question representing a miserable specimen of this 
plant. 
aprii. 1st, 1879. 



G. Andrewsii is common in the damp woods of the North- 
eastern United States and Canada ; it was brought into Kew 
in 1770 by a Mr. William Young, and appears to have been 
introduced into England even at an earlier period by Messrs. 
Loddiges. It flowers in August and September at Kew, 
where, however, it does not attain the status and development 
which it does at Mr. G. Wilson's, of Heatherbank, Weybridge, 
to whom I owe the magnificent specimen here figured. 

Descr. A tall stout usually simple-stemmed biennial, one tc 
two feet high, quite glabrous. Stem cylindric, leafy. Leavei 
two to four inches long, lanceolate or ovate-lanceolate from i 
sessile narrow base, coriaceous, 3-nerved, deep green, with 
rough margins. Flowers crowded in dense terminal heads 
and also fascicled in the axils of the leaves, one and a lial 
inches long, erect, sessile or very shortly pedicelled. Calyx 
tube cylindric ; lob^s ovate, narrowed at the base, spreading 
not half the length of the tube. Corolla much longer than 
the calyx, inflated and club-shaped, obtusely 5-angled, deep 
bright blue, mouth much contracted, teeth very obscure 
between the small fimbriated reflexed folds. Stamens with 
broad flattened converging filaments ; anthers sagittate coher- 
ing. Ovary pedicelled ; style short, stigmas removed. Cap- 
sule exserted. Seeds with a broad obtuse wing — /. D. II. 



Fig. 1, calyx ; 2 vertical section of flower ; 3, stamen and pistil; 4, stigmas ; 
5,>seed :— all but Fig. 2, enlarged. 



642Z. 




A£.dd.JNFiLdilitk 



■/meant Brooks Lay &.San Imp 



IKeeve k C? Londc 



Tab. 6422. 

villanova chrysanthemoides. 

Native of Colorado and New Mexico. 



Nat. Ord. Composite.— Tribe Helenioides. 
Genus Villanova, Lagasc; (Benth. fy Hook./. Gen. PL, vol. ii. p. 401.) 



Villanova chrysanthemoides ; erecta, robuata, superne paniculatim ramosa, 
polycephala, cano-puberula v. glabrata, foliis alternis ambitu late ovatis v. 
obovatis petiolatis biternatisectis laciniis linearibus v. apices versus dilatatis 
acutis v. obtusis re6urvis, pedunculis glandulosis, capitulis 1-poll. diametr. 
mvolucn bracteis sub 3-seriatis oblongo-lanceolatis acutis v. abrupte longe 
acummatis mtenoribus scariosis, receptaculo convexo, ligulis 15-20 patenti- 
recurvis apice 3-lobis, fl. disci corolla glandulosa dentibas erectis obtusis, 
achasmis elongato-obconicis angulatis sulcatis costis rugulosis, angulis 
tevibus. 

V. chrysantbemoides, A. Gray, Plant. Wright, pars. ii. p. 96 ; Walp. Ann., vol. 

v. p. 248 ; Porter Sf Coulter, Synops. Fl. Colorado, p. 75. 
Amauria P dissecta, A. Gray, Plant. Fendl, 104 ; Walp. Ann., vol. ii. p. 883. 



A hardy free-flowering annual, a native of the Rocky- 
Mountains of Colorado and New Mexico, at elevations of four 
to six thousand feet and upwards ; very like a groundsel in 
habit and appearance, but belonging to a totally different 
tribe of the vast natural order of Compositae. The genus is 
a purely American one, and the only known species are 
the present and two others, one a native of New Grenada 
and the other of Peru. 

As grown at Kew this Villanova shows a tendency to ab- 
normal development of some of its organs. Thus at fig. 3 are 
represented a floret with two supplementary styles, one with 
two arms, the other with one only, all emerging from corolla 
of the same ray-flower. At fig. 5 the achene is seen to 
have a remarkable projecting lateral process. In none of the 
flowers examined was there any small cone terminating 
the style-arms of the disk flowers as is attributed to 
the genus in the General Plantarum. 

The plant here figured was raised from seed sent by 

■ APRIL 1st, 1879. 



Professor Asa Gray from the Rocky Mountains, which 
flowered in the Eoyal Gardens in September, 1878. 

Descr. A stout erect herb, 1-2 feet high, hoary with 
down on glabrate, paniculately branched and glandular 
above. Stem grooved, leafy. Leaves alternate, petioled, 
about two inches long and broad, twice ternately cut into 
linear or obovate laciniate acute or obtuse recurved lobes. 
Heads an inch in diameter, on stout glandular peduncles 
which are naked or have one or more imperfect leaves. 
Involucre hemispherical, glandula; bracts in about three series, 
linear oblong, acute or acuminate, margins scarious, the inner 
ones more membranous; receptacle slightly convex, papillose. 
May-flowers fifteen to twenty ; tube short, glandular ; limb 
cuneate, deeply 3-lobed, bright yellow, lobes obtuse; style arms 
short, recurved, obtuse. Disk flowers numerous, very glandu- 
lar ; lobes five, obtuse; style arms flattened, obtuse. Achenes 
narrowly obconic, four-angled and many-ribbed, young 
glandular, ripe dark brown, ribs rugulose, angles smooth. 



Fig. 1, section of receptacle; 2, ray flower ; 3, another with three styles; 5, 
disk flower with irregular corolla ; 6, disk flower with abnormal achene ; 7, style 
arms of disk flower : — all enlarged. 




1 



A.B ofeLJ/HKtCTiltth 



TSnceatBrootaDsf- IcS<mIng>- 



L. "Reeve &C°. London 



Tab. 6423. 
BILLBEEGIA nutans. 
Native of South America. 

Nat. Ord. Bkomeliace.e. — Tribe Ananasseje. 
Genua Billbehgia, Thumb, 8f Holm. ; (K. Koch, in WaXp. Ann. vol. vi. p. 72.) 



BlLLBERGlA nutans ; acaulis, stolonifera, foliis basalibus productis 12-18 lineari- 
ensiformibus sesquipedalibus vel bipedalibus chartaceis sursum falcatis ad 
apicem sensini attenuatis margine denticulatia facie viridibus deorsum can- 
aliculars dorso striatis parce albo lepidotis haud fasciatis, pedunculo sub- 
pedali foliis scariosis bracteiformibus superioribus rubellis, floribus 4-8 in 
racemum subspicatum cernuum dispositis, braceteis minutis deltoideis, 
ovario oblongo glabro viridi multisulcato, sepalis lanceolatis acutis ovario 
longioribus, petalis lanceolatis viridibus margine coeruleis basi squamatis 
sepalis duplo longioribus, staminibus petalis cequilongis antheris linearibus 
versatilibus, stigmate exserto. 

B. nutans, M.Wmdl.inRegel. Oartenfl. vol. xviii. (1869) p. 162 t. 617 : E.Morrm 

hi Belg. Hort. 1876, p. 220 1. 15. 



This is one of the best marked species of that section of 
the genus Billhergia which is characterised by a comparatively 
lax drooping inflorescence and bright red bract-like upper 
stem -leaves, to which belong many of the species which are 
most highly prized in horticulture. This one may be re- 
cognised, at a glance, by its narrow acute leaves and green 
petals with a sudden blue edge. The precise country to 
which it belongs is not known, and there are no dried wild 
specimens in our London herbaria, but the head-quarters of 
its allies are Central and Southern Brazil. We have had 
the plant at Kew for some time. The plate was drawn from a 
specimen that flowered at Kew in January, and it has also 
been flowered this winter by Mr. Chas. Green, in the fine 
collection of Sir George Macleay. It was first introduced 
into cultivation about 186S. 

Descr. Acaulescent, stoloniferous. Leaves twelve to 
eighteen produced in a utricular rosette, linear-ensiform, 
reaching finally a length of one and a half or two feet, half 

APRIL 1st, 1878. 



an inch broad at the top of the dilated base, narrowed 
gradually to the point, falcate in the upper half, minutely- 
toothed, the face bright green, the back finely striped and 
thinly white -lepidote, without any bands or spots. Peduncle 
central, about a foot long, its bract-leaves erect and lanceolate, 
the lower ones greenish, the upper bright red. Floivers four 
to eight in a cernuous subspicate raceme ; pedicels very 
short or none ; bracts minute, deltoid. Perianth about two 
inches long ; ovary oblong, naked, bright green, with many 
irregular vertical ribs and hollows. Sepals lanceolate, acute, 
about half an inch long. Petals lanceolate, twice as long as 
the sepals, bright green, with a sudden blue edge, with 
a couple of small scales near the base. Stamens reaching 
to the top of the petals ; anthers yellow, linear, ver- 
satile. Style a little longer than the stamens ; stigmas con- 
volute. — J. G. Baker. 



Fig. 1, a flower cut through vertically, nat. size ; 2, a scale from the base of a 
petal ; 3, an anther ; 4, stigmaa : — the three last magnified. 



6424 




M S del J NB.tch.Iith 



Tfincent Brooks Day &.Son Imp 



I.. Reeve 8tC°London 



Tab. 6424. 

linabia dalmatica. 

Native of 8. Europe, Asia Minor, and Persia. 



Nat. Ord. Scropiiularine^:. — Tribe Antirriiixej:. 
Genus Linaria, Pers.; (Benth. ^ Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 932.) 



Linaria (Linariastrum) dalmatica : erecta, elata, robusta, paniculatim ramosa, 
glaberrima, glauca, foliis plerisque alternis patentibus ovato-v. oblongo-v. 
elongato-lanceolatis acuminatis integerrimis subrigidis nervis obscuris, basi 
angustatis v. senii-amplexi caulibus, racemis paniculatis foliosis gracilibus 
elongatis patentibus multifloris, floribus remotiusculis amplis breviter pedi- 
cellatis, bracteis foliaeeis, calycis segmentis lanceolatis acuminatis patulis, 
corolla lutea basi in calcar rectum subulatum producta, labii superioris seg- 
mentis recurvis acutis, inferioris lobis 2 lateralibus amplis reflexis intermedio 
minuto porrecto subacuto, palato prominente ochrolemo villoso. 

L. dalmatica, Mill. Diet. ed. 8, No. 13 ; Chavannes, Monog. Antirrh., 126 ; Ait. 
Sort. Keiv, ed. 2, vol. iv. p. 16 ; Bot. Berj., t. 1683 ; Beicli. Iconog. t. 438 ; 
Benth. in DO. Proclr., vol. x. p. 275. 

L. grandiflora, Desf. Coroll. inst. Tourn., 30 t. 21. 

Antirrbimim dalmaticum, Linn. Sp. PI. p. 857. 



A handsome but very variable hardy Toadflax, of which a 
rigid erect form, with crowded flowers in a dense raceme is 
figured in the " Botanical Eegister," from seeds sent from 
Persia. It was, however, introduced into England before 
1731, when it was cultivated by Phillip Miller in his garden 
at Chelsea. It has a wide geographical range ; commencing 
in the east side of the Adriatic, it ranges through the islands 
of the Levant to Constantinople, Odessa, the Caucasus, Meso- 
potamia, Persia, and the Caspian Sea. Throughout this 
great extent of country it retains its floral characters with 
remarkable uniformity, but varies in habit, being sometimes 
very robust, and in foliage from very broadly ovate and 
amplexicaul to d arrow linear-lanceolate and narrowed at the 
base. Though never before figured in this Magazine, it has 
been for many years cultivated at Kew, where it flowers in 
the open border in September. 

APRIL 1st, 1879. 



Descr. A robust (jrect more or less paniculately branched 
glaucous smooth perennial. Leaves scattered, spreading, from 
one-half to four inches long; usually lanceolate or ovate- 
lanceolate from a semi-amplexicaul base, rather rigid, 
smooth, with obscure nerves, sometimes short and broadly 
ovate, at others oblong, at others linear-lanceolate and two 
inches long with a narrow base. Racemes long, slender, 
panicled, spreading, with distinct flowers, or stout erect with 
crowded flowers ; bracteal leaves, like the cauline, but shorter, 
spreading ; pedicels shorter than the flower, erect, stout. 
Calyx-segments ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, spreading, erect in 
fruit. Corolla nearly two inches long, including the spur ; 
bright golden yellow, with orange on the palate ; tube short, 
compressed, rather gibbous behind at the base, produced in 
front into a slender straight subulate spur of its own length ; 
limb large, upper lip with two broad acute reflexed lobes ; 
lower with two very broad reflexed overlapping rounded 
lateral lobes, between which the small obtuse or subacute 
mid-lobe projects ; palate prominent, villous. Stamens hairy 
at the base. Ovary glabrous. Capsule small, globose, opening 
by apical teeth. Seeds angular, with raised edges and 
tubercled faces. — J. B. H. 



Fig 1, upper lip and outer of the corolla laid open, showing the stamens; 2, 
pistil -.—both enlarged. 



6426. 




H.TJD del J.N.TUck-Ljfr 



□ ajr^Sonlirip 



Tab. 6425. 

CASSIA ALATA. 
Native of Tropical America. 



Nat. Ord. Leguminos^:. — Tribe Cassik.k. 
Genus Cassia, Linn.; (Benth. fy Hook. f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 57.) 



CASSiA(Senna) alata: fruticosa, ramulis robustis pubeseentibus, foliis 2-pedalibns 
racbi articulata 2-alata eglandulosa, foliolis 8-16-jagifl amplis breviter petio- 
lulatis oppositis lineari-oblongi* ban rotondatie v. oblique suboordati* apice 
rotund atis retusisve apiculatis glaberrimis nervosis terminalibus anpfl 
rotundatis, stipulis ovato-cordatis subulato-acuminatis persistentibus, 
racemis terminalibus axillarisbusque strictis multiHoris wimplicibuo v. 2-fidis, 
bracteis ovatis concavis, sepalis coloratis, legumine ligulato stricto, valvis 
late longitudinaliter alatis alis crenatis, seminibus pomplanatis trape- 
zoideis faciebus excavatis marginibus discoque medio incrassatis. 

C. alata, Linn. ; Willd. Sp. PI vol. ii.p. 523 ; Ait. Hort. Kew., ed. 2, vol. iii. p. 29 ; 
DG. Prodr., vol. ii. p. 492 ; Griseb. Fl. Brit. W. Ind., p. 209 j Wjalt. et 
Am. Fl. Penims Ind. Or., p. 253 ; Wight. Sc. PI. Ind. Or., t. 453 ; Hook. f. 
Fl, Brit. Ind., vol. ii. p. 264 ; Beichb. Ic. et descr. PL Cult, t. 84. 

C. bracteata, Linn. fit. Suppl. 232 ; DC. 1. c. 

Senna alata, Boxb. Fl. Ind., vol. ii. p. 349. 

Herpetica, Jacq. Obs. vol ii. p. 24, t. 45, f. 2 ; Bmnph. Hort. A,Jx'ln., vol. ii. t. 1 K; 



A very handsome large shrub, a native of tropical America, 
whence it has been introduced into all other tropical countries, 
in many of which it has established itself as a denizen, notably 
in India, where it is found in gardens and naturalized in 
Bengal. According to Eoxburgh it is known to Europeans in 
the Carnatic provinces under the name of Mitta tamara, 
and the same author ascribes also to it names in Sanscrit, 
Hindi, Bengali, and Telinga, which would go far to esta- 
blish its claim to be a native of India, had the fact of its 
introduction from the New World not been well established 
by evidence of various kinds. Drury, in his " Useful plants 
of India" (p. 120), calls it the Ring-worm plant, and citing 
Roxburgh and others, says that its leaves mixed with lime- 
juice are used as a remedy for ring-worm, as are its fresh loaves 
bruised and simply rubbed into the diseased parts. The 



leaves are also an aperient, and a tincture of them when dried 
operates like Senna. Further the Hindoo doctors affirm that 
the plant affords a cure for all poisonous bites. 

Cassia alata was introduced into England in 1731 from the 
West Indies, and has been raised and flowered at Kew from 
seeds received from the East Indies, but the specimen here 
figured was flowered by Mr. Bull in December of last year. 

Descr. A large shrub with a stout trunk, which in old 
plants is sometimes spinous from the persistent stipules; 
branches robust, downy. Leaves two to three feet long, 
spreading, strict ; rachis jointed and winged on each side, 
eglandular ; leaflets eight to fourteen pair, very shortly 
petioled, two to five inches long, linear-oblong, quite glabrous ; 
apex rounded or retuse, apiculate ; base rounded or obliquely 
sub-cordate; nerves 12 to 15 pair; stipules broadly ovate- 
cordate, suddenly acuminate, cuspidate, rigid, persistent, often 
reddish Bacemes terminal and axillary ; rachis one to two 
feet long, stout, sub-erect, simple or forked, many-flowered ; 
bracts large, coriaceous, caducous, yellow. Flowers shortly 
pedicelled, one inch in diameter, golden yellow; Sepals 
oblong, obtuse, golden yellow. Petals shortly clawed. 
Legume six to ten inches long by three-quarters of an inch 
broad, flattened, with a broad crenate wing on the back of 
each valve, dark brown. Seeds very numerous, transverse, 
trapeziform and narrowed at the base into a stalk, margins 
and medial line thickened, faces excavated between the 
thicknesses. — J. S. H. 



Fig. 1, petals ; 2, stamens ; 3, large stamen 4, pods : 5, seed; all but Fig. 4 
enlarged. 



64Z6 




HID aalJNBtcJiIath 



"WnoenlBroolisDay St Son tup 



L Reeve St. C ° L on don 



Tab. 6426. 

ALLIUM ERDELII. 

Native of Palestine. 

Nat. Ord. Liliace.32. — Tribe Allied. 
Genus Allium, Linn. (Begel. Monogr. in Act. Hort. Petrop. vol. iii.) 



Allium Erdelii ; bulbo solitario subgloboso, foliis 3-4 confertis basalibns late 
linearibus acuminatis suberectis glaucis ciliatis facie canaliculars, scapo 
valido tereti, floribus permultis dense umbellatis, pedicellis flore 2-3-plo 
longioribus. spatha brevi ssepe monopbylla rotundata cuspidata interdum 
2-3-pbylla, perianthii rotati segmentis lanceolatis acutis denticulatis albis 
viridi vittatis, staminibus perianthio aequilongis, filamentis conformibus 
deorsum dilatatis purpureis, ovario globoso-trigono nigro nitido. 

A. Erdelii, Zuccar. in Abhand. D. K. Bayr. Acad. vol. iii. p. 237, tab. 5 ; Kunth 
Eu urn., vol. iv. p. 688 ; Begel. Monog., p. 250. 

A. Libani, Boiss. MSS. 



This is one of the prettiest of all the Alliums for horticultural 
purposes. It is allied to the well-known A. nigrum (of which 
a good figure will be found, Botanical Magazine^. 1148, 
under the name of A. magicum), but is much dwarfer, with a 
very compact umbel of large fragrant flowers, the sharp- 
pointed white perianth-segments keeled with green, the 
filaments with a stain of bright claret purple at the base, and 
the ovary a glossy black. It is confined to Palestine, but 
extends from the Lebanon range as far south as Jerusalem. 
It has not been known in cultivation till last year we 
received dried specimens from our diligent correspondent, the 
Eev. G. E. Post, of the Syrian Protestant College at Beyrout, 
and one of the bulbs being found to be still alive was trans- 
ferred from the herbarium to the garden, where it revived, 
and in process of time produced the leaves and flowers which 
are here drawn. 

Descr. Bulb solitary, subglobose, about an inch in dia- 
meter. Leaves three or four, produced in a rosette from the 
surface of the ground, broad linear, suberect, tapering to the 
point, glaucous, channelled down the face, minutely ciliated, 
half a foot or more long. Scape stout, terete, glaucous, with 



a purple tinge towards the base, varying in length from two 
to twelve inches. Flowers forming a dense umbel, two or 
three inches in diameter ; pedicels greenish, half an inch or an 
inch long ; spathe not longer than the pedicels, usually mono- 
phyllous, round, cuspidate, sometimes splitting into two or 
even three valves. Expanded perianth rotate, about an inch 
in diameter ; segments lanceolate, acute, denticulate, pure 
white, with a narrow green keel. Stamens as long as the 
perianth-segments, suberect in the expanded flower ; filaments 
uniform, lanceolate, the upper part white, the base stained 
with bright claret-purple ; anthers small, pale yellow, linear- 
oblong. Ovary globose-trigonous, glossy black ; style short, 
claret-purple. Capsule globose- trigonous, a third of an inch 
in diameter ; seeds two in a cell, superposed, dull black. — 
J. G. Baker. 



Fig. 1, a monophyllous spathe ; fig. 2, an expanded flower: — both magnified. 



6427. 




HT.D. del. J.N.Rtch.Iath 



"ViacGatBr o oks D ay &. Son Imp 



L Reeve &. C?lond.on. 



Tab. 6427. 

GOETHEA MACKOYANA. 
Native of Brazil. 

Nat. Ord. Malvaceae.— Tribe Ukene.e. 
Genus Goethea, Car.; {Benth. §• Hook./.' Gen. VI. vol. i. p. 205.) 



Goethea Mackoyana ; fruticosa, ramosa, ramulis petiolisque molliter patentim 
pilosis, folus sparsis gracile petiolatis elliptico-lanceolatis v. oblanceolatis 
acuminatis basi acutis supra glabris saturate viridibus subtus pallidioribus 
conaceis utrinque opacis integerrimis v. marginibus obscure undulatis, 
flonbus in racemos terminates demum subelongatos dispostis erectis, 
bracteis oblongo-lanceolatis subacutis viridibus pedicellos superantibus, 
bracteolis_4-5 roseis ovatis v. ovato-lanceolatis acuminatis basi cordatis 
pubescentibus calycem 5-ridum duplo longioribus, petalis lineari-oblougis 
obtusis fusco-purpureia bracteolis duplo longioribus. 

Pavonia Mackoyana, Morren in Belgiq. Hart., vol. xxviii. (1878) p. 59. t. iii. 



Though in several respects differing in character from the 
figure of Pavonia Mackoyana as figured in the Belgique 
Horticole under Pavonia, I cannot doubt this being the same 
plant ; the most striking difference is in the leaves, which in 
the above-cited plate are represented as strongly serrate ; on 
referring however to the accompanying Latin description, 
they are stated to subentire (limbo subintegro), and in the ac- 
companying remarks as "limbe presque entier ou faiblement 
acute." They are also much larger in the J3e]gian figure Chan 
in our plant, but this may be due to the specimen being better 
grown. Another discrepance in character is the absence of 
minute pellucid dots in the leaves described by Morren ; in 
place of which I find minute furfuraceous scales on the young 
bracts. Though referred by Morren to Pavonia, that learned 
author justly remarks that this plant is referable to Goethea 
by those who uphold that genus, as is done by Bentham in the 
" Genera Plantarum" and apparently with sufficient reason, 
the remarkable bracts forming a very well marked character in 
this species as well as in the original G. cauliflora, Nees, and 
in G. strictiflora, Hook. ('Jab. nost. 4677)! On the other 



hand the character of Goethea taken from the inflorescence 
being cauline, breaks down in this plant, in which it is race- 
mose as in Pavonia proper. 

G. Mackoyana was introduced from Brazil, in 1873, by 
Jacob Mackoy of Liege, and the specimen here figured was 
communicated by Mr. Bull, with whom it tlowered in December 
of last year. 

Descr. A shrub; branches short, cylindrical, clothed, 
as also the petioles, with soft spreading close-set 
hairs. Leaves three to five inches long, elliptic-lanceolate, 
acuminate, quite entire or obscurely sinuate, coriaceous, 
dark-green, glabrous, nerves beneath red-brown; petiole 
three-fourths to one and a half inch long, slender. 
Flowers in a terminal dense raceme which elongates during 
flowering ; bracts one-half to three-fourths of an inch 
long, elliptic- or linear-lanceolate, acuminate, pubescent ; 
pedicels shorter than the bracts, jointed about the middle. 
Bracteoles four or five, two-thirds of an inch long, ovate or 
ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, pubescent, rose-red, cordate at the 
base, plaited. Calyx half as long as the bracts, campanulate, 
5-lobed to below the middle, segments acute. Petals dark 
brown purple, twice as long as the bracteoles, linear-oblong, 
rounded at the tip, erect, about 7 -nerved. Filaments and 
styles rose-red ; anthers and stigmas blue purple. — J. D. H. 



Fig. 1, calyx; 2, petals ; teetli of stamina! tube :— all enlarged. 



64ZS. 




H,T. D, del J tmichLith. 



"Vincent BrookB Day & Son ttnp 



i Reeve kC? London 



Tab. 6428. 

iris d1chot0ma. 
Native of Eastern Siberia. 



Nat. Ord. iRiDACEiE. — Tribe Iride.e. 
Genus Iris, Linn. ; (Baker in Journ. Linn. Soc., vol. xvi. p. 136'. 



Ifiis (Apogon) dicJiotoma ; rbizomate breviter reptante rosulis foliorum confertis, 
foliis laxe dispositis ensiformibus subpedalibus, caule 3-4-pedali valde 
ramoso, pedunculis ascendentibus elongatis, floribus 4-6-nis purpureis ves- 
pertinis fugacibus, spatbis brevibus valvis exterioribus oblongis viridulis 
tirmulis, interioribus membranaceis, pedicellis spatha aaquilongis, ovario 
clavato semipollicari, tubo supra ovarium nullo, segmentis exterioribus ob- 
lanceolato-spathulatis limbo falcato recurvato ungue variegato subduplo 
breviori, segmentis interioribus paulo brevioribus immaculatis emarginatis, 
styli ramis oblanceolato-oblongis, cristis lanceolatis, antheris filamento libero 
aequilongis. 

I. dichotoma, Linn. fil. Suppl., p. 97; Valil. Enum. vol. ii. p. 236 ; Willd. Sp. 
Plant, vol. i. p. l 230 ; Ker. in Bot. Beg. t. 246 ; Sweet Brit. Flow. Gard. 
t. 96, etc. 

I. pomeridiana, Fischer MSS. ; Klatt. in Linncea, vol. xxxiv. p. 612. 

Pardantbus dicbotomus, Led. Fl. Boss. vol. iv. p. 106. 



This is a very distinct species of Iris, remarkable for its 
much branched habit, short spathesand fugacious, rather small 
bright purple flowers, which expand in the evening, one after 
another in the same cluster on successive days, after the fashion 
of Tigridia or Pardanthus. It is a native of the Eastern half 
of Siberia, and has long been known in cultivation, but it has 
always been very rare, and it has not yet appeared in the 
Botanical Magazine. The drawing was made from a plant 
that flowered at Kew last September, raised, I believe, 
originally from seeds sent by Dr. Hance. 

Descr. Rhizome short-creeping, with the tufts of leaves 
crowded upon it. Produced leaves six or eight in a distichous 
tuft, the base of which exfends over the lowest half-foot of the 
stem, ensiform, pale green, the largest about a foot long and 
an inch broad. Flowering-stems three or four feet high, much 
more branched than in any other species of the genus. Flowers 
four or six in a cluster, scentless, bright violet-purple. Spathe- , 



valves under an inch long, subequal, the outer ones oblong 
green and firm in texture, the inner membranous. Pedicels 
just as long as the spathe, articulated at the tip. Ovary 
clavate, half an inch long ; perianth-tube obsolete above the 
ovary ; outer segments of the limb oblanceolate-spathulate, an 
inch and a half long, the reflexing roundish violet-purple limb 
not more than half as long as the permanently suberect claw, 
which has a beardless pale green keel, from which lines of 
bright purple on a paler ground radiate transversely ; inner 
segments of the perianth similar in shape to the outer, but 
rather shorter, plain purple, deeply emarginate at the tip. 
Petaloid branches of the style oblanceoiate — oblong, nearly 
white ; crests lanceolate, very acute. Anthers linear-oblong, 
equalling in length the free filaments. — J. G. B. 



Fig. 1, outer segment of the perianth; Fig. 2, petaloid branch of the style 
with its crests : — both enlarged. 







IfacwtBr 



-b.Reeve & C?Xondon 



Tab. 0429. 

ALBUCA WAKEOTEum. 
Native of East Tropical Africa. 



Nat. Ord. Liliack/E. — Tribe Scjlu:.i.. 
Genus Albuca, Linn. : {Baiter in Journ. Linn, Sod. vol. xiii. p. 285.) 



Albuca {Pallastema) Wakefieldii ; bulbo ovoideo tunicis brunneis apice 
truncatis, foliis 4-5 lineari-ensiformibus acuminatis glabris flaccidis peda- 
libus vel sesquipedalibus, scapo tereti bipedali, floribus 10-12 inodoris 
cernuis laxe racemosis, pedicellis ascendentibus flore brevioribus, bracteis 
parvis lanceolatis, perianthii albo-viriduli segmentis extei'ioribus planis 
lineari-oblongis, interioribus oblanceolato-oblongia albido marginatis apice 
cucullati8, staminibus omnibus fertilibus, filamentis applanatis basi pan- 
duriformibus, antberis parvis oblongis, stylo subulato ovario 2-3 plo-longiori. 



The bulbs of this interesting new Albuca were sent by the 
Rev. Mr. Wakefield, through Colonel Grant, to the Kew col- 
lection, where the plant flowered for the first time last autumn. 
Pallastema is a subgenus of Albuca, with a perianth like that 
of the type, but with a style instead of being short and 
prismatic, subulate, and much longer than the ovary, as in an 
ordinary Ornithogalam or Scilla. The subgenus is confined to 
tropical Africa, and for nearly a century only a single species 
was known, Albuca abymnica, named by Dryander, and 
figured by Jacquin and Hedoute. Through the explorations 
of late years six additional species have been added, four by 
Dr. Welwitsch in Angola, and one by Baines on the east side 
of the continent, near the' southern tropic. Since the date of 
my monograph of Albuca in 1873, altogether twelve new 
species have been added to the sixteen then known. 

JL)escr. Bulb pale green, ovoid, an inch and a half in 
diameter ; tunics membranous, pale brown, not produced into 
bristles at the tip. Leaves four or five produced, cotempo- 
rary with the flowers, linear-ensiform, flaccid, glabrous, a 
foot or a foot and a half long, an inch broad at the base, 
tapering to the point. Scape terete, longer than the leaves. 
Flowers ten or twelve, arranged in a laxe raceme, which is six 



or nine inches in length when fully expanded, cernuous, 
scentless, greenish- white ; pedicels ascending, the lowest under 
an inch long ; bracts lanceolate, shorter than the pedicels. 
Perianth an inch long ; outer segments flat, linear- oblong, all 
green ; inner segments broader, oblanceolate-oblong, green, 
with broad white borders, inflexed at the tip. Stamens all 
fertile, rather shorter than the inner segments of the perianth ; 
filaments flattened, dilated at the base, and again auricled 
above the top of the ovary ; anthers small, pale yellow, 
oblong. Ovary oblong-trigonous ; style subulate, more than 
twice as long as the ovary ; stigma capitate. — / G. Baker. 

Fig 1, a flower with the perianth stripped away : magnified. 



6460 




A 3. del JNPilch,LitL 



I Reeve 4 CUonSc 



Vincent Brooks Day & Son I^P 



Tab. 6430. 

ASTER Townshendii. 

Native of Colorado. 

Nat. Ord. Composite. — Tribe Asteroide^e. 
Genus Aster, Linn. ; (Benth. et Hook./. Gen. PL ii. 271). 



Aster (Euaster) Townshendii : erecta, herbacea, ramosa, scaberulo-pilosa, ramis 
robustis costatis foliosis, foliis radicalibus elongato-spatbulatis obscure sinuatis 
apice rotundatis, petiolo alato, caulinis e basi semiamplexicauli ovato-oblongi 5 ! 
obtusis irregulariter dentatis, capitulis 2-| poll.diam., peduncidis validis foliaceo- 
bracteatis, involucri late turbinati bracteis numerosissimis multiseriatis ber- 
baceis rigidis linearibus acutis squarroso-recurvisbispidiilisexterioribus bre- 
vioribus, bgulis sub.-2-seriatis pollicaribus linearibus, herbaceis, fi. disci flavis 
pappo 1-seriato setis inaequalibus, appendicibus stigmatis brevibus obovatis, 
acheniis glabris. 



I fail to find any description, or any specimen in the Kew 
Herbarium answering to the character of this very handsome 
plant, whose nearest ally appears to be the Aster canescens, A. 
Gr , {Dijrfopappus incanus, Lindl., tab. nost. 3382, var. latifolw, 
Gray, from which it differs in its scabrid hairs, robust habit, 
the cordate bases of the much broader leaves, and the very 
large heads. It is remarkable that so beautiful a plant should 
have escaped the notice of the many excellent botanists and 
zealous collectors that have explored the Kooky Mountains of 
Colorado, and that it should find no place in the synopsis of 
that Flora published in 1874 by Messrs. Porter and Coulter. 
It was raised from seeds presented in 1877 to the Royal 
Gardens by Richard B. Townshend, Esq., a gentloman who has 
resided in Colorado, and to whom the gardens are indebted 
for other valuable contributions from that interesting country. 
The seeds vegetated freely and the plant flowered profusely 
in September, 1878. 

Descr. A stout, much branched herb, clothed with short 
rigid hairs; stem and branches green, angled and ribbed, 
leafy. Radical leaves 8 to 12 inches long by one to one and a 

June 1st, 1879. 



half inches "broad, elongate-spathulate from a broad winged 
petiole, rounded at the apex, margin obscurely undulated, 
midrib very stout ; cauline ovate -oblong, obtuse from a cordate 
semiamplexicaul base, remotely and irregularly toothed, 
spreading, bright green, paler beneath. Heads terminating all 
the branches, two and a half inches in diameter ; peduncles stout, 
thickened upwards, bearing short rather squarrose scattered 
linear bracts with cordate bases. Involucre between turbinate 
and hemispherical; bracts very numerous, in many series, 
linear, acute, rigidly herbaceous, green, strongly recurved 
from about the middle, giving the involucre a squarrose appear- 
ance, innermost erect, all scabrid, the tips glandular. Receptacle 
flat, pitted. Ray-floiver'm about two series, bright violet- blue; 
ligules an inch long, minutely toothed at the tip ; style-arms 
slender with rounded tips. Disk- flowers golden yellow, 
puberulous ; corolla lobes short ; style-arms with obovate broad 
appendages. Pappus of few marginal bristles. Achenes (un- 
ripe) glabrous, smooth. — J. D. II. 



Fig. 1, Vertical section of involucre and receptacle ; 2, inner bract of involucre ; 3, 
ray-flower ; 4, its style-aims ; 5, disk-flower ; 6 and 7, its arms ; 8, disk-flower, 
with inner bract of involucre connate to the achene ; 9, hair of pappus :— all 
enlarged. 



6431 




' N RtchLitfc. 



■VincentBrooksIlayi- 



L. Reeve & C° London. 



Tab. 6431. 

CALCEOLARIA deflexa.. 

Native of Peru. 

Nat. Ord. ScrophularinEiE. — Tribe Calceolarie.e. 
Genus, Calceolaria, Linn; {Benth et Hook., f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 919). 



Calceolaria (Salicifolm) fuchsicefolia ; gracilis, glabra, suffruticosa, ramulis 
teretiusculis, v. obtuse 4-gonis, foliis petiolatis ovato-lanceolatis iiuequaliter 
denticulatis supra luride viridibus paniculpeque ramis plus minusve A^erni- 
cosis subtus pallidis, paniculis amplis, axillis 2-foliatis, floribus nutantibus, 
calycis lobis triangulari-ovatis, corolla? glabra? labio superiore reniformi-orbi- 
culare crenato, inferiore inflato subgloboso incurvo paulo minore. 

C. deflexa, Ruiz and Pav., Fl. Per. & GUI. vol. i. p. 15, t. 23, /. a. ; Benth. in 
DC. Prodr, vol. x. 217. 

C. fuchsisefolia, Hemsl. in The Garden, 1879, p. 258. 



After a careful examination of the species of Calceolaria 
belonging to the ninth, or Salicifolia section of Bentham, in 
De Candolle's " Prodroimis," and a comparison of the nume- 
rous specimens which have accumulated in our Herbaria 
since the publication of that work, I think it cannot be 
doubted that these species have been unduly multiplied, and 
that it is even doubtful whether some of the original species 
of Ruiz and Pavon may not have been separated on trivial 
grounds. Be this as 'it may, the identity of the present 
plant with the C. deflexa of Ruiz and Pavon cannot be ques- 
tioned ; the character mainly depended upon by Mr. ITemsloy, 
who advances the species doubtfully, for distinguishing it, 
namely, the absence of viscosity, not holding good with the 
specimen here figured, in which the upper surface of the 
leaves and the branches of the panicle were more or less 
shining from the presence of a viscous exudation ; a character, 
however, depending for its development on the warmth of the 
weather and on the condition of the plant. 

Specimens which I cannot distinguish from these, and named 
by Bentham C. deflexa, are contained in the Kew Herbaria, 
gathered in the Cauta valley by Cruckshanks, near San 

JLNE 1st, 1879. 



Matteo, by Matthews, and near Quito by Professor J ameson ; 
and there are specimens in the Herbaria which were culti- 
vated many years ago from Messrs. Veitch's garden (probably 
then at Exeter). I suspect that C. cerasifolia, Benth., C. 
involuta, Ruiz and Pavon, and C. viscosa, R. and P. are 
all forms of one plant, which in this case extends from New 
Granada to Peru. C. stricta, H. B. & K., differs in its larger 
leaves, more narrowed into the petiole ; and C. tetragona, 
Benth., in the entire larger more elliptic leaves and large 
calyx. I should mention that, in identifying the plants of 
Ruiz and Pavon by those authors' plates, much allowance 
must be made for these being often made by very inferior 
artists from very incomplete specimens, and these always in 
a dried state. 

C. deflexa was introduced into cultivation by Messrs. 
Rodger M'Clelland and Co., of Newry, and the figure here 
given was taken partly from specimens kindly communicated 
by W. T. Gumbleton, Esq., in March last, and partly from 
one that flowered at Kew at the same time. 

Descr. A slender glabrous undershrub ; stem and branches 
round or obscurely four-angled ; leaves above, and panicle 
more or less viscid. Leaves two to two and a half inches 
long, ovate-lanceolate, acute, unequally toothed or serrate, 
rounded acute or subcordate at the base, dark green above, 
whitish beneath ; petiole one quarter to half an inch long. 
Panicle large, effuse, with small opposite lanceolate leaves at 
the forks. Flowers drooping, on slender pedicels. Calyx-lobes 
triangular-ovate, one-third of an inch long, acute. Corolla 
one inch across the lobes, sulphur-yellow; lips subequal, 
upper orbicular-reniform, compressed from back to front, 
crenate; lower rather larger, inflated, incurved and rounded ; 
mouth subquadrate, villous, exposing the stamens and ovary. 
Ovary conical, glabrous ; style short — J. D. H. 



Rff. 1, Upper lip of corolla and stamens ovary ; 2, vertical section of flowers 
3, calyx and unripe fruit ; 4, stamens :— all enlarged. 



6132 







L.Reeve&.C°Landm. 



Tab. 6432. 
CYPKIPED1UM Lawrenceanum. 

Native of Borneo. 



Nat. Ord. Orchide.e. — Tribe Cypripedie.e. 
Genus Cypripedium, Linn.; (EniU. Gen. Plant., p. 220). 



Cypripedium Lawrenceanum, acaule v. caulescens, foliis paucis distichis lineari- 
ellipticis acutis planis viridibus albo tessellatis, scapo tomentoso purpureo 1-2- 
flore, flore magno, sepalo dorsali orbiculato amplo subacuto albo purpureo- 
vittato vittis basin versus verrucosis lateralibus parvis in laminam angustam 
lineari-oblongam concavam obtusam deflexam labello breviorem connatis, 
petalis planis horizontalibus late linearibus ciliatis secus marginem verrucosis 
nitidis ciliatis purpureis ornato, labello subcylindriceo apice rotundato fusco- 
purpureo, ore parum ampliato, anthera sterili lunata cuspidibus incurvis 
acutis margine interiore fisso. 

C. Lawrenceanum, Reiclib. in Garil. Chron. 1878, ii. p. 748. 



Dr. Reichenbach in his description of this plant well re- 
marks that it unites the flower of the Javan C. barbatum with 
the foliage of C. Dayanum. It is one of a series of forms of the 
genus, with few linear usually tessellately spotted leaves, few- 
or single-flowered scapes, spreading petals, broad dorsal sepal 
and small combined lateral sepals, which extends from Nepal on 
the West (C. venustum, tab. nost. 2129) to Borneo and the 
Philippine Islands on the East, the colour becoming more 
intense and the flowers larger in proceeding southward and 
eastward, till they attain their known maximum in the pre- 
sent splendid Bornean species, and in C. Argus (tab. 6175) of 
the Philippine Islands. It includes also C. purpuratum (tab. 
nost, 4901) of the Indian Peninsula, C. barbatum, Ldl. (t. 
4234) of Java, C. HooJcerce, Rchb. f. (t. 5362), C. Fazreanum, 
Ldl. (t. 5024), and others. C. Lawrenceanum is one of Mr. 
Burbidge's discoveries during his recent expedition to Borneo, 
in the service of the Messrs. Yeitch ; another of the fruits of 
which journey is the beautiful Burbidgea nitida, figured in the 
January Number of this work (t. 6403). Mr. Burbidge in- 
forms me that he found it on sandstone and limestone rocks, 

June 1st, 1879. 



in shady forests, at an elevation of 2000 feet, sometimes at- 
taining three feet in height. It flowered in Messrs. Yeitch's 
establishment in December, 1878, and was named by Dr. 
Eeichenbach after Sir Trevor Lawrence, Bart., M.P., the 
possessor of a renowned collection of Orchids, which the 
author of the species describes as being of exceptional richness 
and beauty. 

Descr. Stemless, or with the stem a foot high. Leaves 
distichous, nearly a foot long, including the broad flattened 
sheath, linear-elliptic, acute, two inches broad, nearly flat, 
grooved down the centre in front, and keeled at the back, 
about 12-nerved, tessellated with bright greenish white and 
dull green. Scape longer than the leaves, flexuous, 
1-2 -flowered, clothed with long spreading glandular hairs, as 
are the bract, ovary, and back of the sepals. Bract small, 
oblong, obtuse. Flower erect, upwards of five inches across 
the petals, and as much from the tip of the dorsal sepal to 
that of the lip. Dorsal sepal very large, orbicular, rather 
broader above the middle, white with broad purple alternately 
long and shorter bands, the latter warted towards the base, 
none of them reaching the tip ; margins very slightly revolute 
below the middle ; lateral sepals combined into a brown 
oblong obtuse concave ribbed limb much shorter than the 
lip. _ Petals straight, flat, two and a half inches long, and one 
half inch broad ; ciliate, green, dull purple towards the subacute 
tips, with a series of six or eight purple vanished hairy 
warts along each margin, and a few on the disk beyond the 
middle Lip dull purple, two inches long, subcylindrical, 
ventricose below the middle, mouth slightly dilated, emurgi- 
nate in front, Staminode lunate with acute incurved cusps, and 
five teeth in the sinus, cleft with a narrow sinus at the 
back.— J. D. H. 



6433. 




MmtBro oks D ay & Son Imp 



Ij. TOW 



Tab. 6433. 

CHIONODOXA Lucille. 

Native of Asia Minor and Crete. 

Nat. Orel. LiLrAcE^E. — Tribe Hyacinthe.e. 
Genus Chionodoxa, Bolss. {Baker in Journ. Linn. Hoc. vol. xi. p. 435). 



Chionodoxa LucilicB ; bulbo ovoideo tunicis brunneis membranaceis, foliis 2-3 
loratis erectis viridibus facie canaliculatis apice cucullatis, scapo gracili 
tereti, floribus 1-10 in racemum laxum deltoideum dispositis, bracteis 
minutis membranaceis deltoideis, pedicellis patulo-cernuis, periantbii cceru- 
leo-albi tubo oblongo, segmentis oblongo-lanceolatis tubo subtriplo longior- 
ibus, filamentis brevibus inasqualibus, antkeris nlamento longioribus, ovario 
globoso, stylo brevi cylindrico, stigmate capitato. 

C. Lucikse, Boiss. Diagn. part 5, p. 62 ; Baker in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xi. p. 430. 
C. Forbesii, Baker in Journ. Linn. Soe. loc. cit. 



This is one of the most valuable and interesting additions 
to our list of early-flowering Spring bulbs that has been 
made for a long time. I quite agree with Mr. Elwes, who 
writes of it (Gardeners' Chronicle, 1879, p. 379): u I can say 
with confidence that it is one of the best, if not the very best 
of all its class, far surpassing any of the Squills, and appa- 
rently as hardy and as easy to increase as Seilla sibirica." 
Now that we know the plant pretty thoroughly in a living 
state, I do not wish any longer to attempt to separate my 
Chionodoxa Forbesii, discovered by the late Professor Edward 
Forbes on the Lycian 'I aurus, or the white-flowered Cretan 
plant gathered by his fellow-explorer, Lieutenant Spratt, on 
the summit of Mount Ida, from the Anatolian C. Luciliw of 
Boissier, which represents a starved dwarf one-flowered con- 
dition of the species ; and I am inclined also to believe that, 
in a broad botanical sense, the Cretan C. nana and C. cretica 
are not more than varieties of the same species. The former, 
however, is in cultivation, and it is much inferior to C. Lucilice 
in horticultural effect. Our present plant was discovered by 
Boissier, in June, 1842, flowering amongst the melting snows 

•H'NE 1ST, 1S?0. 



of the western Tmolus, above Bozdagh, at an elevation above 
sea-level of 7000 feet. It was introduced into cultivation by 
Mr. G-. Maw, from one of whose letters I cite the following 
account of the circumstances under which he found it : — 
" The specimens were obtained the first week in May, 1877, 
in ascending the Nymph Dagh, east of Smyrna, at elevations 
of from 3000 to 4300 feet. At the lower level it was out 
of flower, bat near the summit of the mountain a great mass 
of it was met with in full splendour, forming one of the most 
sumptuous displays of floral beauty I ever beheld ; a mass of 
blue and white resembling Nemophila insignis in colour, but 
more intense and brilliant. Close at hand were Tulips of 
several species, yellow Fritillaries, Galanthus Elwesii, yellow 
Gageas of several species, Croci, Colchicum bulbocodi'oides, 
Scillas, etc., a perfect paradise for the bulb collector and the 
botanist." Mr. Maw adds that the Chionodoxa has proved 
itself perfectly hardy in the open ground at Benthall during 
the^ late exceptionally severe winter, and that the bulbs 
which he brought home in 1877 have increased in size and 
strength. 

Descr. Bulb ovoid, with brown membranous tunics. Leaves 
two or three to a stem, sheathing it for some distance above 
the base, lorate, fleshy, bright green, three to six inches long 
at the time of flowering, channelled down the face, cucullate 
at the tip. Scape attaining a length of four or six inches 
above the bulb, slender, terete. Flowers from one to ten, 
arranged in a very lax deltoid raceme, with minute mem- 
branous bracts, and cernuous pedicels. Perianth bright blue 
or rarely entirely white, nine or twelve lines long, with an 
oblong tube, and six spreading oblong-lanceolate segments 
under a quarter of an inch broad. Filaments flat, white, un- 
equal ; the larger a sixth of an inch, the smaller an eighth of 
an inch long, touching edge to edge, but not forming a dis- 
tinct corona, as in Puschkinia. Anthers linear, cleft at the 
tip, protruding out of the cup formed by the filaments. 
Ovary blue, sessile, globose, with a short cylindrical style 
and a capitate stigma.— J. G. Baker. 



tiZ^'h? fl ° W ? r °? ened ou t- natural size ; fig. 2, two of the stamens and a por- 
&a\ L;!L P f! anth ; tube; ft S- 3 > a stamen, viewed from outride; fig. 4, pistil; 
ng. 5, horizontal section of ovary -.-all enlarged. 



6434. 



■ 1 J N F 




Vinoervt-BrooJcs Dd 



- Kewe jr. C. Louden 



Tab. 6434. 
CINCHONA Calisaya, vera. 

Native of Bolivia and Peru. 

Nat. Ord. Kubiaceje. — Tribe Cinchone.e. 
Genus Cinchona, Linn. ; (Benth. et Hook./. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 32). 



Cinchona Calisaya; foliis oblongis v. obovato lanceolatis obtusis basi attenuatis 
rarius utrinque acutis glabratis nitidis v. subtus pubescentibus, axillis 
nervorum scrobiculatis, capsula ovata corollam longitudine sequante, 
seminibus margine crebre fimbriato-denticulatis. 

C. Calisaya, Weddell, Hist. Nat. des Quinquinas, p. 30. 

Var. a. Calisaya vera, arbor, foliis ellipticis v. oblongo v. lanceolato-obovatis 
obtusis. Weddell, 1. 0. t. 3, 4, 4 bis, & 28 f. 1-4. 

Calisaya javanica, Howard, Quinology of the East Indian Plantations, t. viii. 



The very interesting plant here figured, is the true 
famous ' Calisaya ' fever-bark, of which a remarkable variety 
{Josephiana) is represented in Plate 6052 of this work. It 
very closely agrees with the original specimens of C. Calisaya 
collected by the author of the species, the late eminent 
botanist and traveller Dr. Weddell, in the province of Cara- 
baya in Peru. Like its congeners, this species varies very 
much in the size, shape, and texture of the leaves. Mr. 
Howard identifies this form with that called < Schuhkraft's 
Calisaya,' figured in his < Quinology,' Plate VIII. The seeds 
were received by Mr. Howard from India, where thousands 
of acres are under cultivation with this invaluable plant. 
The C. Calisaya yields the most important bark for medicinal 
purposes of all the species— that known as the yellow bark ; 
and it is also that the obtaining of which for cultivation in 
India, was the principal object of Mr. Markham's famous 
journey to the border-land of Bolivia and Peru in 1860. 
From the Eastern slope of the Andes in that region, Mr. 
Markham. assisted by his gardener, Mr. Weir, brought 450 
living plants of Cinchona, chiefly belonging to this species, to 
the Pacific coast, and thence to England, and the survivors 
to India ; where, however, owing to many delays attending 
the transport, but few arrived in a living state. The diffi- 



•n-NK 1st. 1*79. 



culties, and indeed perils, encountered by Mr. Markham in 
this journey, are described in bis 'Travels in Peru and 
India,' a work containing not only a fund of varied infor- 
mation, regarding the Cinchona trees and the conditions under 
which they grow in the Andes, and were introduced into 
India, but a deeply interesting account of the extinction of the 
Incas in Peru, and of the execrable treatment they and the 
Indians received under the rule of their conquerors, the 
Spaniards. 

Like the two other Cinchonas figured in this work, namely, 
the variety of this mentioned above, and C. officinalis, t. 5364, 
the C. Calisaya has been flowered for the first time in this 
country by J. E. Howard, Esq., F.B.S., of Tottenham, in 
whose conservatory it forms a small tree, eight to nine feet 
high, blossomiug in March. Besides being a successful 
cultivator of this interesting genus, Mr. Howard has the 
well- sustained reputation of being an enlightened philan- 
thropist, who has energetically aided the Indian Government 
in its endeavours to extend the propagation of the Fever-bark 
trees, and to ascertain the value of their properties ; whilst 
as a scientific man he has, by his careful researches into the 
origin and history of their species and varieties, and his 
beautiful illustrated works, produced and circulated regard- 
less of labour and cost, earned the gratitude alike of botanists 
and pharmacists. 

Descr. A lofty tree, with an erect or ascending trunk 
often twice as thick as the human body, and a leafy crown 
overtopping almost all the trees of its native forests ; bark 
thick, longitudinally and transversely fissured; branches 
spreading. Leaves opposite, oblong-elliptic or obovate- 
lanceolate, often large and broad, glabrous and shining above, 
beneath with pale veins, in the axils of which are rough 
depressions; petiole short. Stipules oblong, obtuse, quite 
entire, connected. Panicle large, diffuse, tomentose; 
peduncles square and compressed, main ones opposite, 
spreading, secondary and ultimate ones opposite or alter- 
nate ; bracts minute, ovate, acute. Flowers very numerous. 
Calyx minute, 5-toothed. Corolla rose- red, tube half an inch 
long, tomentose, as are the spreading lobes. Capsule ovoid, 
acute, brown. Seeds yellow; wing elliptical-lanceolate, 
subacute at both ends, lacerate on the margin. — J. D. H. 

Fig. 1, Flower cut longitudinally ; 2, stamens ; 8, stigmas : — aU enlarged- 



61-% 







VmcsntBroote Dsj'&So^ 



XJleeve 6lC° London, 



Tab. 6435. 
LAMPROCOCCUS Weilbachii. 

Native of Brazil. 



Nat. Ord. Bromeliace.e. — Tribe Ananasse^e. 
Genus Lamprococcus ; Beer Fain. Brom. p. 103. 



Lamprococcus Weilbachii ; acaulis, foliis productis 12-20 dense rosulatis loratis 
pedalibus vel sesquipedalibus nitide viridibus supra basin dilatatuin Integra 
apice deltoideis cuspidatis, pedunculo subpedali erecto foliis bracteiformibus 
adpressis superioribus igneis occulto, floribus in paniculam laxam dispositis, 
ramis laxis brevibus patulis paucifloris spicatis subsecundis bracteis magnis 
igneis lanceolatis suffultis, bracteis fioralibus minutis, calycis semipollicaris 
rubro-violacei tubo oblongo, segmentis latis brevibus rotundatis cuspi- 
datis, petalis parvis rubellis lingulatis basi squamatis, genitalibus petalis 
brevioribus. 

L. Weilbachii, E. Morren in Belg. Hort. 1801. p. 305, cum icone ; Retjel Oar- 
tenji. vol. xvi. p. 98, tab. 539. 

L. Laurentianus, K. Koch ; E. Morren in Behj. Hort. 1861, p. 312. 
iEcHMEA Weilbachii, F. Dietr. in hid. Semin. Hort. Bot. Copen. anno 1854; 
Rafarin in Rev. Hort. 1870, p. 171, cum icone. 



This is one of the most striking of the cultivated Brome- 
liads ; for, although in Lamprococcus and JEchnea the 
individual flowers are smaller and less showy than in 
Billbergia, the bright red rachises and bracts of the present 
plant, in combination with its bright green leaves and red- 
dish-violet calyx, which all preserve their colour for a long 
time, make it an effective species for decorative purposes. 
The corolla, however, is small and by no means showy, and 
soon fades to a brownish tinge. It has been in cultivation 
a long time, but is still rare in this country. It was first 
described from a specimen that flowered in 1854 in the 
Botanic garden at Copenhagen ; and again from a plant intro- 
duced about I860 from Brazil, by Monsieur de Jonghe, of 
Brussels. Our present drawing was made from a specimen 
that flowered lately in the Kew collection. 

Descr. Produced leaves twelve to twenty, in a dense 
sessile utricular rosette, lorate, a foot or a foot and a half 

June 1st, 1879. 



long, about three inches broad at the dilated deltoid clasping 
base, where it is sharply toothed, entire above the base, thin 
in texture for a Bromeliad, an inch or an inch and a half 
broad at the middle, bright green on both sides, faintly 
lineate down the back, deltoid- cuspidate at the tip. Peduncle 
about a foot long, erect, hidden by its lanceolate adpressed 
erect imbricating scariose bract-leaves^ of which the upper 
are bright red. Panicle half a foot long, with several distant 
short spreading few-flowered spicate subsecund branches, 
subtended by bright red scariose lanceolate bracts as long as 
themselves ; rachises, as in the other species of Lamprococcus, 
bright red and quite glabrous ; flower-bracts minute-round, 
navicular, not cuspidate. Calyx half an inch long, the red- 
dish-violet oblong tube longer than the round-cuspidate 
spirally-twisted segments. Petals Ungulate, obtuse, red, 
half an inch long, with a pair of small cuneate dentate scales 
at the base. Stamens and style shorter than the petals; 
anthers small, oblong; stigmas slightly spirally twisted. — 
J. G. Baker. 



Fig. 1, An entire flower, natural size; fig. 2, calyx- tube, with a single segment ; 
fig. 3, petal and stamen, viewed from inside the flower ; fig. 4, scale from base of 
petal ; fig. 5, two stamens ; tig. (i, stigmas ; fig. 7, horizontal section of ovary; fig. 
8, an ovule : — all more or Utt enlarged. 







fy/36 



itBrooTisDay* 



Tab. 6436. 
HYMENOCALLIS macrostephana. 

Native Country unknown. 



Nat. Ord. Amaryllidace*:. — Tribe Paxcratie.e. 
Genus Hymenocallis, Salish. ; {Kunth, Enum. vol. v. p. f><>4). 



IIymknocallis (Choretis) macrostephana ; bulbo ovoideo longicollo tnnicis brun- 
licis membranaoei8, foliis 8-!) synanthiis oblanceolatis viii.libus 2-8-pedalibus, 
scapo robusto ancipiti. nmbellis 6-10-floris, bracteifl cxtcriorilms deltoideis 
interioribus lanceolatis, pedicellis brevibus, ovario seniipollic;iri, i«riaiithii 
albi tubo tripollicari, segmentis linearibus patulis tubo paulo longioribus, 
corona bipollicari infundulari ore dentato ilore expanso subpatulo. iilaniiii- 
torum parte libera pollicari incurvato, antberis parvis luteiB. 

H. macrostephana, Baker in Oard. Ohron. 187!), p. 430. 



We received this from two sources at the early part of the 
present year. First from Sir Philip Egerton, who had it 
from a continental nursery under the name of Pancratium 
fragrans, and who noticed that it was quite different from the 
plant properly so called, which is a variety of Hymenocallis 
speciosa ; and afterwards from Mr. Woodbridgc, gardener to 
the Duke of Northumberland at Sion House, who has grown 
it for some time there. We have not been able, so far, to 
trace out further its history, or to ascertain its native country. 
Its nearest ally is evidently the Mexican Choretis glauca of 
Herbert, and the two together form a group midway between 
Ismene and the typical species of Hymenocallis, such as 
speciosa and caribaa, in which the corona is much smaller. 
and the free portion of the filaments proportionately larger. 
The flower is pure white and sweet- scented, and it certainly 
is one of the most valuable of all the Pancratiese for decora- 
tive purposes. It flowers in February and March. ( 

Desce. Bulb ovoid, two inches in diameter, with brown 
membranous tunics and a long neck. Leaves eight or nine to 
a bulb, cotemporary with the flowers, aggregated in a basal 
rosette, oblanceolate, loosely arcuate, two or three feet long, 
two or three inches broad three-quarters of the way up, 

JTJLY 1st, 1879. 



narrowed gradually to an inch above the clasping base ; the face 
bright green, the back paler green. Scape much shorter than the 
leaves, aneipitous, an inch in diameter. Umbel six- to ten- 
flowered ; pedicels very short; outer spathe- valves deltoid; 
inner lanceolate. Flowers pure white, sweet-scented ; ovary 
oblong-trigonous, half an inch long ; perianth-tube three 
inches long, green in the lower part ; segments linear, rotate, 
a little longer than the tube, half an inch broad. Corona 
funnel-shaped, two inches in length, and about the same in 
diameter at the irregularly-toothed throat, where it spreads a 
little when the flower is fully expanded; free portion of the 
filaments abruptly incurved, as in Ismene, about an inch 
long; anthers linear, yellow, under half an inch long. Style 
protruded an inch and a-half or two inches from the corona, 
declinate, greenish ; stigma capitate. — J. G. Baker. 



Fig. 1, Horizontal section of the scape : — a little enlarged. 



6437 















^ m 




BrooksDay& 



L/.. -London.. 



Tab. 6437. 
PRIMULA rosea. 
Native of Kashmir. 

Nat. Ord. Prim ulace.e.— Tribe Primule.*.. 
Genus Primula, Linn. ; (Benth.et Hoolt.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 6S1). 



Primula rosea ; glabra, efarinosa, foliis confertis subsessilibus obovato-lanceolatis 
acutis crenulatis supra viridibus subtus pallidioribus niarginibus vematione 
revolutis, scapo robusto, involucri bracteis carnosis lanceolatis acuminatis 
basi hi auriculam apice rotundatam oblongam deorsura productis, pedicelbs 
bracteas sequantibus v. excedentibns, floribus confertis roseis erectis, calyce 
ad medium 5-fido, lobis subulatis acutis, corolla} tubo calycem paulo exce- 
dente, limbi explanati late rosei segmentis planis cnneato-obcordatis, lobis 
oblongis apice rotundatis, sinu acuto, fauce nuda. 

P. rosea, Royle, III. Himal. PI. p. 311, t 75, f. 1 ; Dub;, in DO. Prodr. vol. iii. p. 41. 



This humble plant proved the most attractive novelty in 
the spring Horticultural shows of the present year; and, 
indeed, it would be difficult to single out any early-flowering 
hardy plant, except perhaps the blue Gentian of the Alps, 
which forms a more striking object of its kind. No Primula 
heretofore cultivated grows in the same compact manner and 
has such brilliantly-coloured flowers, which are almost pure 
carmine when first expanded, and gradually become pale, 
with a shade of purple. The species has been long known to 
Indian botanists and natives of the extreme Western 
Himalayas, from the district of Kulu eastward to Afghanis- 
tan ; Kashmir being its head-quarters, where it was discovered 
by the late Dr. Royle's collectors, and afterwards gathered 
by Falconer, Thomson, Edgworth, and lately by Dr. 
Aitchieson, to whom the Royal Gardens are indebted for the 
seeds which were widely distributed, and from which, 1 
believe, all the plants hitherto cultivated have been grown. 
We received the first flowering specimen from Mr. Ware, 
of Tottenham ; a few days afterwards it flowered at Kew 
and in many other collections. It is quite an Alpine species. 
Thomson gathered it at 10,000 to 12,000 feet, and Griffith 

JULY 1st, 1879, 



found it in Affghanistan in snowy ravines at 11,000 feet. 
Dr. Aitchieson has sent dried specimens of what is either a 
larger form or distinct species from a miich lower level, 8,500 
feet, at Gulmarz, in Kashmir, and these have much larger 
obovate, oblong, and sharply toothed leaves, with rounded 
apices. In its native mountains it flowers from June to 
August, but in England as early as March and April. 

Descr. — Glabrous, not mealy. Leaves densely tufted, 
obovate-laneeolate, acute, sessile, one to two inches long, 
crenulate, deep green above, paler beneath, margins revolute 
when young. Scapes many, stout, longer than the leaves, 
four- to ten-flowered. Involucral bracts erect, appressed, thick, 
lanceolate, acuminate, produced downwards into an oblong 
obtuse auricle. Pedicels equalling or exceeding the bracts. 
Calyx one-third of an inch long, tube cylindric, cleft to the 
middle into five subulate erect lobes. Corolla tube exceeding 
the calyx ; limb flat, one-half to two -thirds of an inch in 
diameter, clear bright rose-carmine ; segments cuneate- 
obcordate, lobes rounded, with a deep acute sinus; throat 
a little swollen, smooth.— J". D. H. 



Fig. 1, Top of scape and bracts ; longitudinal section of flower; — both enlarged. 



64S8 




Tab. 6438. 

DENDBOBIUM Eindleyanum. 

Native of Burmah, 



Nat. Ord. Orchide/e.— Tribe Dendrobie^.. 
Genus Dendrobium, Swart z ; (Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orchid, p. 74). 



Dendrobium Findleyanum, caulibus articulatis, internodiis 2-3-pollicaribus e basi 
gracili clavatis inferne cylindraceis vaginatis parte incrassato obovoideo 
nudo sulcato, foliis lineari-oblongis acutis submembranaceis caducis, pedun- 
culis lateralibus 1-2-floris, bracteis parvis appressis, pedicellis gracilibua 2-3- 
pollicaribus, floribus 3-poll. diamet. labello flavo excepto albis roseo suffusis, 
sepalo dorsali lineari-oblongo acuto, lateralibus ascendentibus recurvis paulo 
latioribus, petalis patentibus late oblongis obtusis, labello breviter stipitato 
rotundato-cordato margine undulato, disco velutino callo basi obscuro. 

D. Findleyanum, Parish et Beichb. f. in Trans. Linn. Soc. vol. xxx. p. 149. 
Eeichb.f. in Gard. Chron. 1877, part i. p. 334. 



When Dendrobium crassinode, Bens, and Beichb. f. (tab. 
nost. 5766) was first published in England, in 18G9, it was 
considered, and very justly, as one of the most remarkable 
species then discovered, on account of the curiously-swollen 
internodes, which are not half the length but double the 
thickness of those of the present species. The latter, indeed, 
in respect of its internodes, form a link between that singular 
plant and D. nodatum^ Beichb. f. (tab. 5470); and together 
with Bensonice, nob. (tab. 5679), and some others, forms 
a section of the genus of very distinct habit. 

D. Findleyanum is one of the Bev. Mr. Parish's many 
Moulmein discoveries. It first flowered with Sir Trevor 
Lawrence in 1877; it had, however, been previously described 
from dried specimens and drawings, by Messrs. Parish and 
Beiehenbach, in the thirtieth volume of the Transactions of 
the Linncean Society. The specimen figured flowered in the 
Boyal Gardens in March of the present year, and was one of 
Mr. Parish's many valuable donations to this establishment. 

Descr. Stems two feet long, jointed throughout their 
length; joints green, two to three inches long, club-shaped 

July 1st, 1879. 



from a slender stalk-like base, which is one-fourth of an inch 
in diameter, and covered by the leaf-sheath ; the club-shaped 
portion is grooved and often three-quarters of an inch 
diameter. Leaves three inches long by three-quarters of an 
inch broad, spreading, linear-oblong or oblong-lauceolate, acute 
or notched at the tip, wavy, bright green, sessile on the 
sheath. Peduncles lateral, short, green, one to two flowered ; 
bracts small, appressed ; pedicels two to three inches long, 
slender, pale rose coloured. Flowers three inches in diameter, 
white, suffused with rose red, except the lip. Sepals oblong- 
lanceolate, acute, the lateral recurved. Petals much larger 
and broader than the petals, apiculate. Lip when spread out 
broadly rounded, ovate or ovate-cordate, acute, membranous, 
margin wrinkled, surface tomentose, callus at the base 
obscure, dark orange yellow towards the centre, fading into 
golden yellow towards the margins. Column with two deep 
purple bands in front — J. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Lip; 2, column : — both enlarged, 



MM 




UWekC London 



Tab. 6439. 
TULIPA Schrenki. 

Native of Central Asia. 



Nat. Ord. Liuace^e. — Tribe Tulipe^e. 
Genus Tulipa, Linn. ; (Baker in Journ. Linn. 8oc. vol. xiv. p. 275). 



Tultpa Schrenki ; bulbo ovoideo tunicis brunneis intus parce pilosis, caule pu- 
berulo unifloro 3-4-phyllo, foliis lanceolatis subglaucis facie glabris margine 
obscure ciliatis, periantMo erecto rubro vel luteo infundibulaii segmentis 
conformibus obtusis, staminibus periantbio duplo brevioribus, antheris fila- 
mento glabro longioribus, ovario cylindrico-trigono, stigmatibus magnitudine 
mediocribua. 

T. Schrenki, Regel in Act. Hort. Petrop. vol. ii. p. 439 and 452. 

T. Gesneriana, Baker in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xiv. p. 284, ex parte : Regel, Fl. 
Turkest. vol. i. p. 138, ex parte. 



This is a close ally of the old well-known Tulipa Gesneriana 
of Linnaeus, from which so many of our garden forms have 
originated. It differs from Gesneriana mainly in the form of 
the flower, which is more funnel-shaped, with more spreading 
segments. In colour, like Gesneriana, it goes through a wide 
range of variation. Our wild specimens, gathered by Schrenk, 
have flowers of a uniform pale yellow. In the plant from 
which the drawing was made, which was sent to Kew by 
Dr. Regel, they were considerably larger and bright crimson 
with a yellow throat. It flowers with us at the beginning of 
April. It has been gathered in Turkestan by Lehmann and 
others, and in the Soongarian desert by Schrenk. Since the 
publication of my monograph of the genus in 1874, the 
Russian explorers, principally Dr. Albert Regel, have found 
eight new Tulips in Central Asia, Kaufmanniana, Eolpakows- 
kiam, triphylla, tetraphylla, Kesselringi, Korolkowi, Albert^ 
and turkestanica. 

Desce. Bulb ovoid, an inch in diameter, with brown mem- 
branous tunics, shortly pilose inside in the upper part. Stem 

July 1st, 1879. 



about half a foot long, bearing a single erect flower, and 
three or four lanceolate leaves, with a glabrous rather 
glaucous surface and obscurely ciliated margins, the lowest 
and largest in the cultivated specimens about four inches long 
and an inch and a half broad. Peduncle erect, puberulent, 
three or four inches long, Perianth yellow or bright red with 
a yellow throat, funnel-shaped, with more spreading segments 
than in Gesneriana, an inch long in the wild, nearly two inches 
in the cultivated specimens, all the segments similar, oblong, 
obtuse. Stamens half as long as the perianth ; anthers lemon- 
yellow, longer than the glabrous filaments. Ovary cylindrico- 
trigonous, nearly as long as the stamens ; stigmas middle- 
sized, a little broader than the diameter of the ovary. — 
J. G. Baker. 



Fig. 1, First view of a stamen; 2, back view of the same — enlarged. 



(rHO. 




D (UjJI 



LRaeve ScC c Londc 



Tab. 6440. 
CAJANUS indicus. 

Native of tropical Asia. 

Nat. Orel. Leguminos;e. — Tribe Phaseolejr. 
Genus Cajanus, DC. (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 541). 



Cajanus indicus; frutex, ramulis sulcatis foliis et inflorescentia tomentellis v. 
sericeo v. velutino-pubescentibus, foliis pinnatim 3-foliolatis, foliolis ellip- 
tico-lanceolatis acuminatis subtus pallidis nervosis resinoso-punctulatis, 
stipulis parvis subulatis caducis, stipellis minutis, floribus flavis v. pur- 
pureo-lineolatis in racemis axillaribus dispositis ebracteolatis, bracteis 
caducis, vexillo orbiculato reflexo, alis dimidiato-obovatis, carina obtusa, 
legumine lineari compresso basi et apice angustatis acuminatis -3-5-spermo, 
septia distinctis, seminibus compressis liilo laterali estrophiolato. 

Cajanus indicus, Spr. Syst. Vcg. vol. oil. p. 248 ; Wight et Am. Prod. Fl. Pen. 
Ind. Or. p. 257 ; Drunj, Useful Plants of India, p. !)4. 

C. bicolor, DO. Oat. Hort. Monsp. p. 85 ; Prodr. vol. ii. p. 406 ; Lindl. Bot. Reg. 

vol. 31, t. 31 ; Widl. Oat. n. 5577 ; Carriere in Ren. Hortimle, 1874, p. 101. 
G.flavus, DO. I. c. 

Cytisus Cajan, Linn. 8p. PI. p. 1041 ; Eo.vb. Fl. Ind. vol. iii. p. 325 ; Jaeq. Obs. 
vol. i. t, 1. 

C. pseudo-cajan, Jaoq. Hort. Find. vol. ii. t. 119. 

Thora-poru, Rheede, Hort. Mai. vi. t. 13 ; Plum. Ed. Burnut. 114, f. 2. 



This, the Dal, or Dal urur of Bengal, is one of the most 
widely-diffused and valuable of tropical Pulses, being con- 
sidered in India as next in rank to the Chick Pea ( Cicer 
arietinum) and is in use amongst all classes of natives as a 
nutritious esculent. Its seeds are usually eaten mixed with 
rice ; the dried wood affords a useful fuel ; the charcoal made 
from it is in esteem for gunpowder, and the young shoots 
afford a good cattle-food. There are two principal varieties 
of it described by De Candolle as species, one Lai Toor 
(according to Drury) of the Hindoos (C. Jlavus, DC), with 
yellow flowers and unspotted 2-3-seeded pods ; the other, 
Paoud ke Toor, (C. bicolor, DC.) with red stripes on the 
standard and spotted 4-5-seeded pods. Koxburgh also 
describes two varieties, distinguishable chiefly by their size, 
of which the smaller ripens in half the time of the larger ; 

July 1st, 1879. 



this" latter is sown in alternate drills with millet {Sorglmm 
vulgare) which ripens first, and is cut when the Toor is quite 
small. The larger form attains a height of eight feet and 
a circumference of twenty round the extremities of the 
branches, is sown in June, takes nine months to ripen, and 
yields six hundred-fold ; the smaller Toor is only half that 
size, is sown in September, and yields only one hundred- 
fold. Though probably a perennial, the Cajanus is treated 
as an annual in India, because it does not produce a good 
second year's crop, and because the wood is so useful for fuel. 
It is also the best wood for procuring fire from friction. 

Pigeon Pea and Doll are English names given to the 
Cajanus seeds in various parts of the world, and the yellow- 
flowered one (C. flavus) is that most esteemed in the West 
Indies, where it is called the No-eye Pea ; whereas the C. 
bicolor, called Congo Pea, is coarser, takes long to boil when 
dried, and is used chiefly by the Negroes. Of late years its 
cultivation has been introduced on a large scale into Egypt, 
where it is known under the French and other names of 
Embrevade, Poisd'Angole, Pois de sept ans, Cytise des Indes, 
Woondo, Owendo, Mais Indien, Lentille des Soudan, etc.^ An 
account of it is given by M. Delchevalerie in the " Belgique 
Horticole " for 1873 p. 35, who describes it as three or four 
times more nutritious than beans or lentils. 

The specimen here figured unites the two Candollean 
species, having the pure yellow flower and small stipellae of 
C. Jlavus, and the spotted pods of C. bicolor ; it was raised 
from seeds sent by Dr. King from the Calcutta Botanic 
Gardens, and flowered in March, of the present year. It is a 
curous fact that, well and widely as this plant is known, its 
native country is undiscovered. Can it be still to be found 
in Western China, or Cochin- China ? — J. I). H. 



Kg. 1, wing ; 2 and 3, keel ; 4, stamens ; 5, valve of pod ; « and 3, side and 
hilum aspect of seed :— all enlarged. 



6W1. 






. 




M3d« 



We^tBro^I^^^S^ImP 



- C° London. 



Tab. 6441. 

iECHMEA MARI^-REGINiE. 

Native of Costa Rica. 

Nat. Ord. Bkomeliaces. — Tribe Ananasse^. 
Genus 2Echmea, R. d P. ; {Baker in Trimen Journ. 187!), p. 129). 



JSohmba (Chevattiem) Marice-regince; acaulis, foliis basalibus 15-20 douse 
rosulatis lorato-lanceolatis acutis basi dilatatis subcoriaceis_ 2-3-pedalibus 
utrinque prsesertim ad faciem inferiorem tenuiter lepidotis spinis marginali- 
bus parvis crebris patulis instructis, pedunculo valido stricto subpedali albo- 
tomentoso bracteis pluribus lanceolatis reflexis spinoso-dentatis splendide 
coccineis proedito, floribus in spicam oblongam densam aggregates, bracteis 
floralibus minutis lanceolatis membranaceis, ovario oblongo albo-lepidoto, 
sepalis rcquilongis et latis obliquis valde imbricatis conspicue cuspidatis, 
petalis lingulatis sepalis duplo longioribus primum cseruleis demum rubris 
basi distincte bisquamatis, genitalibus inclusis. 

JE. Mftrise-reginffi, H. Wendl.ftn Hamb. Gartenzeit vol. xix. (1863),,p. 32 ; Beget, 
Gartenji. vol. xiii. (1864), p. 152 ; Baker, in Trimen Journ, 1879, p. 162. 



This is botanically a near neighbour of JEehmea (Chevalliera) 
Veitchii, figured in the Botanical Magazine, tab. 6329. The 
leaves and spikes of the two plants are similar, but here the 
flower-bracts are reduced to a minimum, and the most 
effective part of the plant is the large bright red reflexing 
bract-leaves of the general peduncle. The present plant is 
a native of Costa Eica, where it is used at the feast of 
Corpus Christi for the decoration of the altars in the churches. 
Its local name is " Flor de Santa Maria," from which the 
scientific name has been taken. It has been in cultivation 
in Europe for nearly twenty years, but only flowers rarely. 
Our plate was drawn from a specimen that flowered with 
Messrs. R. S. Williams and Co., at Holloway, in April of 
tills present year. 

Descr. Leaves fifteen to twenty in a sessile utricular 
rosette, lorate-lanceolate, two or three feet long, three or 
four inches broad at the dilated clasping base, two or throe 
inches in the middle, subcoriaceous in texture, thinly white 

august 1st, In?9. 



lepidote on both sides, especially on the under surface, 
narrowed gradually to a cuspidate tip, margined with 
crowded lanceolate small spreading brown prickles, which 
grow gradually less from the base of the leaf upwards. 
Peduncle about a foot long, stout, stiffly erect, clothed 
throughout with thin white lepidote tomentum, furnished 
with numerous reflexing persistent crimson lanceolate bract- 
leaves with toothed margins. Flowers in a dense oblong 
spike three or four inches long, each subtended by a minute 
lanceolate membranous bract, Calyx including the ovary 
half an inch long, clothed throughout with white tomentum ; 
sepals about as broad as long, oblique, much imbricated, 
furnished with a large pungent cusp. Petals Ungulate, 
half an inch long, blue when they first open, turning red 
as they fade, furnished each with a pair of minute fimbriated 
scales at the base. Stamens and pistil reaching to the 
summit of the petals.— J". G. Baker. 



;™i g i V V nture flowers - Hfe-size; fig. 3, a calyx-segment, of unusually 
irregular iorm; ng 4, a petal and a couple of stamens; fig. 5, two anthers, 
showmg their insertion on the filament; fig. 6, stigmas and summit of style ; 
ng. 7, horizontal section of ovary :— all more or less enlarged. 



mi':. 




A3- del J/NPilchJ^ 



TfinoenLBrook»Dar&SanLnp 



aeve C° London 



Tab. 6442, 
loasa prostrata. 

Native of the Chilian Andes. 

Nat. Ord. Loase/E. 
Genus Loasa, Juss. ; (Smth. et Hook. f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 804). 



Loasa prostrata ; herba prostrata, setosa, caulibus robustis flexuosis, foliis 
oppositis breviter crasse petiolatissummis sessilibus ovato-rotundatis profunde 
cordatis 3-lobis scaberidis utrinque sinubus rotundatis, lobis lobulatis et den- 
tatis, dentibus setosis, nervis prominentibus, floribus axillaribus et apices 
versus ramulorum divaricato-paniculatis, peduuculis robustis, calycis lobis 
ovato-oblongis lanceolatis acutis setoso-dentatis, petalis aureis cymbiformibus, 
squamis conicis albis infra medium rubris, ovario turbinato, semiuibus 
ovoideis maximis, testa laevi. 

L. prostrata, Bon in Edinb. Phil. Journ. 1841, 274 ; Gay. Fl. Chilen. vol. ii. p. 454. 



The Genus Loasa has its head-quarters in the southern 
Andes, no less than thirty-one species being described as 
natives of Chili alone, where they are well known for their 
stinging hairs, which are far more irritating than those of 
the nettle. The present species has more botanical than 
horticultural interest, and is a native of the Southern 
Cordillera, where it was first discovered by Dr. Gillies, half 
a century ago, and where it has been since collected by 
Bridges and Cuming. It seems to be a scarce plant, and not 
to have been found by Claude Gay, the eminent Chilian 
traveller aud botanist, and author of the Flora Chilina, who, 
in the latter work, quotes Don's description as his only 
authority for the plant. 

Loasa prostrata seems to be perfectly hardy, having with- 
stood the protracted winter of 1878-9 without protection in 
the herbaceous ground at Kew, where it flowers in September. 

Descr. Clothed with stinging hairs. Stems branching 
from the base, stout, fleshy, prostrate, flexuous, green. Leaves 
opposite, two to two and a half inches long, lower on very 
stout short petioles, upper sessile, all broadly ovate, deeply 
cordate, 3-lobcd to below the middle with rounded sinus, 

MJOD8T 1st. 1*7 It. 



scabrid on both surfaces ; lobes variable in length, the middle 
longest and sometimes produced, irregularly lobulate and 
toothed, teeth setose; nerves very strong beneath, radiating 
from the top of the petiole ; upper leaves less deeply lobcd. 
Flowers one inch in diameter, axillary, and in leafy terminal 
divaricating few-flowered panicles ; peduncles very stout, 
longer than the leaves, spreading horizontally. Calyx-lobes 
oblong-lanceolate, acute, toothed, rather shorter than the 
petals. Petals oblong, boat-shaped, yellow. Scales broadly 
conial, 2-fid, with 3 bristles at the base, scarlet below the 
middle, white above it. Staminodes curved, with a bristle 
below the club-shaped tip. Stamens about 1 2 in a bundle. 
Ovary turbinate. Seeds very few, large, oblong ; testa 
smooth. — J. D. If. 



Fig. 1, Vertical section of flower ; 2, front, 3, back, and 4, side view of scale ; 
5, staminode ; 6, bundle of. stamens : — oil enlarged. 



6443. 







M.Sdal J-NRb&Liii.. 



ha DavflcScminp 



.Reeve &. CLorulcm. 



Tab. 6443. 
COLCHICUM montanum. 

Native of the- Mediterranean Region. 

Nat. Ord. Lii.iacejE. — Suborder Melanthiace^e. 
Genus Colchicum, Linn.; (Kunth, Enum. vol. iv. p. 138). 



Colchicum montanum ; cormo ovoideo magnitudine mediocri. foliis synanthiis 
falcatis lanceolatis vel linearibus hyemalibus vel vernalibus saepissime 
tribus, floribus ssepissime pluribus interdum 1-2-nis, perianthii tubo 2-3- 
pollicari, limbi segmentis lilacinis oblongis vel oblanceolatis, staminibus 
limbo subduplo brevioribus filamentis basi luteis strumoso-mcrassatis, 
antheris purpureis, stigmatibus minutis subcapitatis. 

C. montanum, Linn. Sp. Plant, edit. ii. p. 485, exel. syn. ; Reich. Ic. Fl. Germ. 
tab. 424, figs, 940 to 943. 

C. bulbocodioides, M. Bieb. Fl. Taur. Cane. vol. i. p. 293 ; Kunth, Enum. vol. 
iv. p. 142. 

C. Ritchii, R. Br. in App. Denli. et. Clapp. p. 241 ; Kunth, Enum. vol. iv. p. 145. 

C. Bertolonii, Stev. in Act. Nov. Mosq. vol. vii. p. 268 ; Parlat. Fl. Ital. vol. iii. 
p. 190. 

C. Cupani, Guss. Prodr. Sic. vol. i. p. 452. 



As I have gone fully into the history and synonymy of 
this plant in a paper which is now printing in the Journal 
of the Linnean Society, I cite here only a few of the leading 
synonyms. I feel satisfied that there is only one species 
covered by all these names, and have ascertained, by inspection 
of the LinDean herbarium, that it is this plant which was 
sent by Loening from Spain to Linnceus, and which 
furnished the basis of his idea of Colchicum montanum, 
although some of the synonyms cited in the " Species 
Plantarum " do not really refer to it. The species ranges 
from Portugal eastward by way of Algeria and Italy to 
Egypt, Syria, Armenia, Kurdistan, and the Caucasus. The 
genus Monocaryum of Endlicher and Kunth is founded upon 
what is simply a monstrosity of this same plant, and I 

AUGUST 1st, 1879. 



do not think that Boissier's Colchicum ccgyptiacum and 
crocifolium are more than Oriental varieties of the same 
species with more numerous flowers to a corm and narrower 
perianth-segments. Although the plant has so wide an area, 
it is very little known in cultivation. In England it appears 
in early spring with the Snowdrops and Crocuses. The 
drawing was made from material furnished by Mr. George 
Maw, who gathered it along with Chionodoxa LuciUce on the 
Nymph Dagh, near Smyrna, under conditions explained in 
detail under our plate of that species, tab. 6433. 

Descr. Corm middle-sized, about an inch in diameter 
when fully developed, furnished with a firm brown tunic, 
and a neck two or three inches long, which is invested with 
a tight-fitting membranous sheath, and reaches to the surface 
of the ground. Leaves generally three in number, cotem- 
porary with the flowers, lanceolate or linear, falcate, reaching 
about as high as the flowers, finally half a foot long and an 
inch broad. Flowers two or three inches above the soil, 
lilac-purple or nearly white, with a filiform tube, and a limb 
an inch or an inch and a half long, with oblong or oblanceo- 
late segments. Stamens about half as long as the perianth- 
segments; filaments yellow and thickened at the base; 
anthers small, oblong, versatile, purplish. Styles reaching 
up to the anthers ; stigmas minute, nearly capitate. Capsule 
produced in summer, oblong, about an inch long. — J. C 
Baker. 



Fig. 1, a flower cut open, life size ; fig. 2, an anther, facing outwards ; fig. 3, 
an anther viewed from the back ; fig. 4, a plant with the leaves and flower- 
wrapper stripped away so as to show the ovary and long styles ; fig. 5, stigmatose 
tip of style : — all more or less enlarged. 



6444. 




Vmc^tBroo^Diy&Soiiiy 



1. Reeve fc C* London. 



Tab. 6444. 

BOM AREA acutifolia, 
var. Ehrhenbergiana. 

Native of Mexico and Guatemala. 



Nat. Ord. Amaryllidace.e:. — Tribe Alstromerie^:. 
Genus Bomarea, Mirbel ; {Kunth, Enum. vol. v. p. 787). 



Bomarea acutifolia, var. Ehrhenbergiana ; caule glabro late volubili, foliis oblongia 
acutis petiolo crispato prceditis facie viiidibus glabris dorso pallidioribus 
pubescentibus, floribus 10-20 simpliciter umbellatis, bracteis magnis ovatis, 
pedicellis glandulosis flore paulo longioribus raro bracteolatis, ovario glandu- 
loso, perianthii limbo 12-15 lin. longo, segmentis exterioribus oblanceolatis 
obtusis rubellis, interioribus paulo longioribua obovato-unguiculatis luteis 
brunneo punctatis, genitalibus inclusis. 

B. acutifolia, var. Ehrhenbergiana, Kunth, Enum. vol. v. p. 794. 



There are at least two well-marked forms included by 
Kunth under his definition of Bomarea acutifolia, which 
have quite as good a claim to be regarded as distinct as 
many of the accepted species of the group of which B. edulis 
is the oldest and best known representative. The typical 
B. acutifolia of Herbert (which has already been figured in 
the Botanical Magazine, tab. 3058, and previously by 
Link and Otto, under the name of Alstromeria acutifolia)^ 
is much less valuable for decorative purposes than the 
subject of the present notice. It is less robust in habit, 
with narrower leaves, less hairy on the under surface, and 
bears fewer flowers, in a much less compact umbel, the 
pedicels of which are often compound and lengthened out 
to three or four inches. We have numerous specimens of the 
present plant in the Kew herbarium from Mexico (Hartweg 
520, Linden 41, Bourgeau 2952, etc.), and from Guatemala, 
where it was found long ago by Skinner, and where Messrs. 
Salvin and Godman have lately gathered it on the Volcan 

AUGUST 1ST. 18?!). 



de Fuego, at an elevation of 8300 feet above sea-level. Our 
plate was drawn from specimens that flowered with Mr. 
Elwes at Cirencester in the spring of the present year. 

Descr. Stems stout, wide-climbing, glabrous. Leaves 
oblong, acute, three or four inches long, about half as broad, 
abruptly narrowed to a short crisped petiole, green and 
glabrous on the upper surface, paler and densely hairy on 
the ribs beneath. Flowers up to twenty in a dense umbel, 
with several large ovate leafy bracts ; pedicels slender, 
densely glandulose, rarely bracteolate, always simple, not 
more than an inch and a half or two inches long. Ovary 
triquetrous, six-grooved, glandulose ; perianth-limb an inch 
or an inch and a quarter long ; outer segments oblanceolate, 
obtuse, reddish ; inner segments obovate unguiculate, bright 
yellow, with copious minute spots of brown over the face. 
Stamens and pistil rather shorter than the inner segments 
of the perianth; filaments and style glandular in the lower 
part ; anthers oblong.— J. G. Baker. 



Fig. 1, an inner segment of the perianth-limb; fig. 2, an outer segment, both 
natural size; fig. 3, a stamen; fig. 4, complete pistil, with its inferior ovary : — 
both enlarged. 



6445 




L Reeve t(_C' 



Tab. 6445. 

LASIOPETALTJM Baueri. 

Native of Southern Australia. 

Nat. Ord. Stebculiace^e. — Tribe Lasiopetaleje. 
Genus Lasiopetalum, Smith ; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PI vol. i. p. 228). 



Lasiopetaldm Baueri; carno-tomentosum, ramulis gracttibus, foliis oppositis 
suboppositis et 3-nis subsesillibusl inearibus obtusis coriaceis marginibus 
recurvis, floribus parvis in racemis brevibus recurvis paucifloris dispositis, 
bracteis viridibus calyce ter brevioribus, calyce late campanulato infra 
medium 5-fido, lobis triangularibus subacutis extus tomentosis intus puberubs 
v. glabratis, petalis minutis obovatis, filamentis anthera lanceolata apicem 
versus 2-rimosa brevioribus, ovario dense stellatim tomentoso, stylo ima basi 
pubescente. 

L. Baueri, Steetz in Plant. Preiss. vol. ii. p. 339; F.Mueller, PI. Vict. vol. i. 
p. 142 ; Benth. Fl. Austral, vol. i. p. 263. 



A very elegant little greenhouse shrub, covered profusely 
with pearly white flowers, to which no drawing on white 
paper can do justice. It belongs to a large and peculiarly 
Australian genus, embracing twenty species, which is 
confined to the extra-tropical regions of the continent, across 
which it extends from east to west. Of these some are 
rather handsome shrubs, as the L. macrophyllum, Graham, 
(Tab. 3908), but most of them partake of the dusty hue of so 
many of the plants of the dry climate of Australia. 

L. Baueri was raised from seeds sent to the Eoyal 
Gardens by Baron Sir Ferdinand Mueller in 1868, and flowers 
annually in spring on the shelves of the temperate House ; 
it has a wide range in its native continent, from the Blue 
Mountains in New South Wales, to Yictoria and South 

Descr.' A slender much-branched shrub, two to three feet 
high, with erect twiggy branchlets, covered everywhere with 
minute stellate pubescence, which turns of a rusty brown 
colour when dry. Leaves very shortly petioled, opposite, 

august 1st, 1879. 



subopposite, and almost whorled, one and a half to three 
inches long, by one sixth to one third of an inch broad, 
coriaceous, linear, obtuse, margins recurved, puberulous and 
deeply channelled above, tomentose, and with a strong midrib 
beneath. Racemes axillary, shorter or rather longer than the 
leaves, horizontal or decurved, four to six-flowered ; pedicels 
one fourth to one third of an inch long ; bracts linear-oblong, 
about one third as long as the calyx, to which they are 
appressed. Calyx broadly campanulate, one third of an inch 
in diameter, cleft to below the middle into five triangular 
subacute lobes, obscurely angled, pearly white tinged with 
pink, tomentose externally, pubescent or nearly glabrous 
within. Petals, minute obovate white scales, shorter than 
the filament. Stamens included, conniving ; filaments shorter 
than the lanceolate-acute anthers, which open by subterminal 
slits. Ovary globose, densely stellate-tomentose ; style 
glabrous, except at the very base. Capsule globose, included 
in the calyx. — J. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Vertical section of flower ; 2, petal; 3, stellate hairs ; 4 and 5, front and 
back view of stamens ; 6, ovary ; 7, transverse section of the same : — all magnified. 



&W6. 




e 8. C 9 .London. 



Tab. 6446. 

abisiema nepenthoides. 

Native of the Eastern Himalaya. 

Nat. Ord. AroidE;E.— Tribe Arisare.e. 
Genus Aris^ma, Mart. ; (Schott Prodr. Syst. Aroid. p. 24). 



Aris^ma nepenthoides ; foliis 2-nis radiatisectis petiolis pedunculoque transverse 
variegatis, foliolis 5 late v. anguste elliptico-lanceolatis lateralibus interdura 
basi ina?qualateris extus dilatatis, omnibus basi sessili longe angustata apice 
tenuiter caudato-acuminato, marginibus planis v. undulatis, spatli* elongatse 
tubo cylindraceo, fauce aperta, limbi erecti lamina ovato-lanceolata 
acuminata supra medium incurva tubo aequilonga, basi utrinque in auriculam 
amplam rotundatam recurvam vittatam nitidam dilatata, spadice erecto 
exserto, appendice stipitata cylindracea obtusa, basin et apicem versus 
incrassata, vertice rotundata. 

A. nepenthoides, Mart, in Flora, 1831, p. 458; Schott Prodr. Syst. Aroid. 48. 

Arum nepenthoides, Wall. Tent. Fl. Nep. p. 26, t. 18 ; Cat. Herb. Ind. Or. n. 
8919. 



Already several species of Himalayan Ariscema hare been 
figured in this work ; and the list of those in cultivation at 
Kew and elsewhere is by no means thereby exhausted, for 
thanks to the exertions of Mr. Gammie, and Elwes especially, 
at least six unfigured species have lately been introduced 
into, and flowered in England. Of these the subject of the 
present plate is by no means the finest, for I shall soon have 
the opportunity of figuring the two gigantic species, A. utile 
and A. Hookerianum, which have both flowered with Mr. 
Elwes at Preston. Ariscema nepenthoides is remarkable for the 
broad ear-like strongly-coloured appendages at the base of the 
lamina of the spathe, which curve backwards and downwards 
and are very variable in length and breadth. I am indebted 
to Mr. Elwes for the specimen figured, which flowered in his 
garden in March of the present year. It is abundant in 
Nepal and Sikkim, at 9-11,000 feet elevation. 

Bescr. Leaves two to each plant, one to two feet high ; 
petiole rather slender, pale green, transversely barred, dull 
red-purple ; leaflets five, radiating horizontally from the top 

AUGUST 1st, 1879. 



of the petiole, six to ten inches long by one to three and a 
half broad, narrowly elliptic-lanceolate, narrowed to the 
sessile base, tips drawn out -into filiform points, bright green, 
with paler flat or undulated margins ; midrib usually red ; 
two outer leaflets like the others, or unequal at the base, 
being dilated outwardly. Scape equalling or shorter than 
the petioles, transversely barred like these, and usually 
stouter. Spathe three to seven inches long ; sheathing portion 
cylindric, clirty green, striped with dull red ; lamina as long 
as the sheath, elliptic-ovate, acuminate, the upper half curving 
forwards and drooping, base on each side dilated into a 
recurved rounded auricle, which is very dark green, with 
broad red-brown margins, and dark elongated spots ; back of 
spatbe pale yellow-brown, irregularly spotted. Spadix erect. 
Ovaries close-set, dark green, with short conical straight dark 
styles. Appendage stipitate, elongate, terete, swollen at the 
rounded base and tip, gradually narrowed towards the centre, 
pale yellow, almost wholly exserted. — J. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Spadix ; 2, ovary ; 3, the same cut vertically : — all enlarged. 



6W7. 




> nklith 



■ ve &.C? Tounoi 



Wnc«ntflrooksDay&.Soaiip: 



Tab. 6447. 
draciena floribqnda. 

Native Country unknown. 

Nat. Oi-d. Liliace^. — Tribe Deaoene.e. 
Genus Dracaena, Vand.; (Baker in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xiv. p. 523.) 



Duacsna Jtoribunda; frutex 8-10-pedalis, caule ramoso, foliis dense roaolatu 
loratis acuminatis 3-4-pedalibus utrinque viridibus margine concoloribus 
costa superne obscura centialibus ascendentibus exterioribus i'alcatis, podunculo 
brevi valido, racemis cylindricis pluribus in paniculam cernuam aggregfttia, 
bracteis minutis deltoideis, pedicellis singulis brevibus erecto-patentibus, 
perianthii viriduli cylindrici tubo campanulato, segmentis UgolatU tubo triplo 
longioribus, stylo breviter exserto, stiginate trilobato. 



This is one of the largest and most striking* of all the 
known Dracaenas. For many years the plant from which 
our drawing was made has been one of the most con- 
spicuous members of the group of arborescent Liliacese in 
the Palm-house at Kew, but it has never flowered until 
this present summer. Now that we know it completely, it 
proves to be a well-marked new species, remarkable for its 
very large drooping panicle and the great number of its 
crowded cylindrical racemes. We received it many years 
ago from the Botanic Garden at Mauritius, when Mr. 
Duncan was Curator there, without any precise information 
as to its native country. Mr. Home, the present Director 
of the Mauritius Garden, thinks it very likely the plant was 
brought from Rodriguez, but it was not seen in that island 
by Professor Bayley Balfour. Its nearest ally is the West 
African Draccena arbor ea of Link. 

Descr. Trunk in the cultivated specimen drawn six or 
eight feet high, tuberous at the base as in a Beaucarnea, 
branching low down. Leaves fifty or sixty, crowded in a 
dense rosette, the inner ones ascending, the outer reflexing, 
lorate, acuminate, three or four feet long, three inches or 
three inches and a half broad at the middle, narrowed to an 

SEPTEMBER 1ST, 1879. 



inch and a half or two inches above the dilated base, 
moderately firm in texture, bright green on both sides, 
concolorous at the margin, the midrib distinct down the 
back in the lower half only. Panicle drooping, shortly- 
ped uncled, three or four feet long, made up of from fifteen 
to twenty drooping cylindrical racemes a foot or more long 
and a couple of inches in diameter ; bracts very minute, 
deltoid, membranous; pedicels all solitary, stiffly erecto- 
patent, a quarter or a third of an inch long. Perianth 
greenish, cylindrical, above half an inch long ; tube cam- 
panulate ; segments ligulate. Stamens inserted at the 
throat of the perianth-tube; filaments filiform, rather 
shorter than the perianth-segments ; anthers small, oblong. 
Ovary oblong; style a little exserted; stigma obscurely 
three -lobed. — /. G. Baker. 



Fig. 1, a single flower, opened out, magnified two diameters; fig. 2, pistil, 
magnified four diameters. 



CthS. 




D id JN.FitAIrth 



waVi ".sv&.Soal 



1. Reeve 8c C 3 London. 



Tab. 6448. 
salvia elegans. 

Native of Mexico. 

Nat. Ord. Labiate. — Tribe Monabde^;. 
Genus Salvia, Linn.; {Benth. et Hoolc. f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 111)4.) 



Salvia (Calosphace) elegans; erecta, gracilis, glabra v. parce pilosa, foliis petiolatis 
ovatis acutis serratis basi rotundatis v. acutis, supra hispidulis pubescentibus 
v. tomentosis, floralibus parvis sessilibus ovatis acuminatis deciduis, verticillastris 
remotis interdum distantibus sub 6-floris, floribus pollicaribus breviter pedi- 
eellatis glanduloso-villosis, catyce campanulato labio superiore 1-3-aristato, 
lnferioris dentibus brevibus aristatis, corolla coccinea calyce sub sextuplo 
longiore, tubo subincurvo, labiis subaequalibus Superiore galeato obtuso erecto 
inferioris lobo medio rotundato lateralibus parvis, genitalibus exsertis, connecti vis 
linearibus l-ectis. 

S. elegans, Vahl, Enum. vol. i. p. 238; Benth. in B.C. Prodr. vol. xii. p. 313; 
Saunders, Befiig. Bot. t. 228. 

S. incarnata, Cav. in Ann. Cienc. Nat. vol. ii. p. 112; Kunth in Humb. and 
Bonpl. Nov. Gen. et Sp. vol. ii. p. 293 and 144. 

S. microculis (irr. typ. pro microcalyx), Poir. Diet. vol. vi. p. 614. 

S. punicea, Mart, et Gal. in Bull. Acad. Britx. vol. v. p. 11. 



Apparently a common and variable mountain plant of 
Mexico* as I find it amongst the collections of almost all 
the botanical travellers of that country, where it inhabits 
elevations of about 9000 feet. Seeing how vivid its colours 
are, it is singular that it should not earlier have been in- 
troduced into English gardens. The first person who 
appears to have cultivated it in this country is Mr. Wilson 
Saunders, at his fine garden at Reigate, now dispersed, to 
the great regret of all horticulturists. Our specimen was 
flowered in Sir George MacLeay's beautiful garden at 
Pendell Court, near Bletchingly. These gardens are now 
under the care of Mr. Green, who was formerly gardener 
to Mr. Wilson Saunders, with whom and with the late 
Mr. IN. Borrer before him, at Henfield, in Sussex, he 

SEl'TKMBEK Isi, 1879. 



acquired a knowledge of interesting cultivated plants that 
has rarely been equalled. 

Desce. A tall, graceful herb, two to four feet high, with 
slender four-angled stem, more or less hairy, pubescent, or 
nearly glabrous. Leaves one to four inches long, ovate, 
acute or acuminate, serrate, pubescent, pilose or tomentose, 
base rounded or acute ; petiole one-third to one inch long, 
slender. Inflorescence of numerous verticillasters, which are 
more or less remote, sometimes an inch apart, and forming 
a spike a foot long, rachis very slender ; floral leaves (or 
bracts) small, one-fourth of an inch long ; ovate, acuminate, 
very deciduous. Verticillasters about six-flowered. Flowers 
suberect, upwards of an inch long, tomentose. Calyx 
short, five-angled, two-lipped, lips short, teeth triangular, 
with acute shortly aristate tips. Corolla scarlet, about six 
times as long as the calyx; tube slender, compressed; 
upper lip oblong, very concave, rounded at the tip, 
erect ; lower reflexed, about as long as the upper mid-lobe 
rounded, retuse, lateral very small. Stamens exserted, 
connectives straight, slender, parallel ; anther-cells broadly 
oblong.—/. D. H. 



Fig. 1, flower ; 2, section of corolla with stamens ; 3, style arms :— all enlarged. 



CI!!) 




I.Rppvp g.. Clondo- 



Tab. 6449. 
TBILLIUM nivale. 

Native of the Northern United States. 



Nat. Ord. Trilliace.e. 
Genus Tbillium, Linn. ; {Kunth, Enum. vol. v. p. 121.) 



Tbillitjm nivale; rbizomate oblongo obliquo tuberoso, pedunculo 3-4-pollic.iri, 
foliis tribus ovato-oblongis obtusis membranaceis 5-nervatis distincte petiolatis, 
pedicello brevi erecto vel cernuo, sepalis lanceolatis viridibus, petalis albis 
obovato-oblongis calyce sesquilongioribus, staminibus calyce brevioribus, 
antberis filamento lineari paulo brevioribus, stylis apice revolutis ovario 
longioribus. 

T. nivale, Riddell in Kunth Ennm. vol. v. p. 129 and 852; A Gray Man. 
edit. v. p. 523. 



Of late years these Trilliunis have been becoming more 
and more cultivated on rockeries in our English gardens. 
The finest species is T. grandiflorum of Salisbury, of which 
there is a good figure at Tab. 855 of the Botanical 
Magaztne, under the name of T. erythrocarpum. The 
present species is one of the dwarfest of the genus, and is 
distinguished by its distinctly-petioled leaves and white 
petals without purple stripes. It inhabits woods in the 
North-western States from Ohio westward to Wisconsin. 
Our drawing was made from the plants that flowered in the 
herbaceous department at Kew this present summer. 

Descr. Bootstock an oblique oblong tuber, with numerous 
wiry radical fibres. Peduncle without any leaves below the 
flower, three or four inches long, slender, terete, tinted 
with red-brown, with a membranous sheath at the base. 
Leaves always three in a whorl, oblong or ovate-oblong, 
obtuse, distinctly petioled, an inch and a half or two inches 
long, membranous, green and glabrous on both sides, with 
a distinct midrib running up from the base to the point, 
and two less distinct vertical nerves on each side of it. 
Pedicel about half an inch long, suberect or cernuous. 
Sepals green, lanceolate, membranous, obtuse or subobtuse, 

SEI'TEMBKK 1ST, 1S79. 



under an inch long. Petals pure white, obovate or obovate- 
oblong, obtuse, half as long again as the calyx. Stamen* 
shorter than the calyx; filaments linear; anthers linear- 
oblong, basifixed, rather shorter than the filaments. Styles 
free to the base, subulate, revolute at the stigmatose tip, 
longer than the globose ovary. — J. G. Baker. 



Figs. 1 and 2, single stamens ; fig. 3, pistil : — botJi enlarged. 



&16C 




Ree 



Tab. 64-50. 

RHODODENDRON lepidottjm var. obovatum. 

Native of the Sikkim Himalaya. 



Nat. Ord. Ericeje. — Tribe RhodorevE. 
Genus Rhododendron, L.; {Benth. et Hoolc.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 599.) 



Rhododendron lepidotttm. Wall. Cat n. 758 ; Boyle, III. PI. Himal. p. 260, 
t. 64, f. 1 ; Hook.f. Sikkim Rhododendrons, pt. ii. p. 6 ; Bot. Mag. t. 4657. 
Var. obovatum ; foliis obovatis utrinque squamulosis. 
R. obovatum, Hook.f. Sikkim Rhododendrons, L c. p. 6. 



The plant here figured affords an instance of the variable 
characters which the Rhododendrons display in the centre 
of their geographical distribution, the Sikkim Himalaya. 
When first studying the species in their native mountains, 
it appeared to me easy to distinguish as two well-marked 
allied species, the present plant, described as R. obovatum, 
with dark-purple flowers and short leaves, and that I 
called R. salignwm in the " Rhododendron of the Sikkim 
Himalaya " (t. 23) with lanceolate leaves and golden-yellow 
flowers. Further investigation led to the conclusion that 
neither the form and size of the leaf, nor the colour of the 
corolla, afforded any available diagnostic character; for 
though I never found R. salignum with purple flowers, I 
found plenty of R. lepidotum with golden-yellow ones. 
A third subject of variation is the number of stamens, 
which in almost all the wild specimens of R. lepidotum 
are eight, but in that here figured there are ten. 

The name of obovatum was given to this form before it 
was ascertained to be conspecific with the R. lepidotum of 
Wallich, which is erroneously described in De Candolle's 
Prodromus from very imperfect specimens. As mentioned 
under Tab. 4657, R. obovatum. is in no way specifically 
distinguishable from Wallich's Nepalese plant, and a 
reference to the above-cited plate will show that, except 
in the larger more maroon-coloured flowers, and more 

SEPTEMBER 1ST, 1879. 



copious glands on both surfaces of the leaf, this hardly 
differs from typical B. lepidotum. 

B. lepidotum is a native of the loftier interior ranges of 
the Nepal and Sikkim Himalaya, at elevations of 8000 to 
16,000 feet. The specimen figured was raised from seed 
sent to the Royal Gardens from Sikkim by Mr. Gammie, 
which flowered in May of the present year. 

Desce. A stout or slender twiggy shrub, forming ex- 
tended clumps, one to four feet high, branching from a 
woody tortuous rootstock ; branches tufted, as thick as a 
crow's quill ; whole plant covered with resinous scales. 
Leaves pale glaucous green, one-half to one and a half inch 
long, emitting a resinous odour, obovate in this form, 
elliptic or elliptic-lanceolate in others, not coriaceous. 
Flowers few, terminal, but subtended by leafing shoots ; 
pedicels simple, one to two inches long. Calyx green, of 
five rounded oblong recurved obtuse or retuse sepals. 
Corolla maroon-purple in this variety, an inch in diameter, 
salver-shaped ; tube very short, subglobose ; limb spreading, 
lobes orbicular, veined. Stamens usually eight, rarely ten ; 
filaments short, hairy at the base ; anthers linear-oblong. 
Ovary ovoid, deeply five-lobed laterally ; style very short, 
clavate, decurved ; stigma discoid, obscurely five-lobed. 
Capsule hardly exceeding the calyx. — /. D. H. 



?ig. 1, Pedicel, calyx, and pistil ; 2 and 3, stamens :— all enlarged. 



6 -I'll 















1 '■>•• 



:v' 



w 










Tab. 6451. 
allium kakataviense. 

Native of Turkestan. 

Nat. Ord. Liliace^:. — Tribe Allied. 
Genus Allium, Linn.; {Regel Monogr. in Act. Hort. Petrop. vol. iii.) 



Allium Icarataviense ; bulbo magno solitario depresso-globoso, foliis 2 raro 
3 prope scapi basin aggregatis magnis oblongis acutis viridibus glauco tinctis, 
scapo valido tereti semipedali, nmbella magna globosa densiflora, spathaj valvis 
2-3 parvis deltoideis, pedicellis strictis perianthio subtriplo longioribus, 
perianthii segraentis lanceolatis acuminatis albidis purpureo costatis, filamentis 
erectis perianthio ajquilongis basi deltoideis coalitis, ovario globoso trilobato, 
ovulis in loeulo geminis collateralibus erectis, stylo ovario sequilongo. 

A. karataviense, Hegel Mon. p. 243 ; Fl. TurTcest. vol. i. p. 98, tab. xvi. figs. 
1—3 ; Gartenftora, vol. xxvii. (1878), p. 162, tab. 941. 



This again, like Tulijpa triphylla, is one of the recent 
discoveries of the Russian explorers in Central Asia. It 
was first found several years ago by Sewerzow and Krause 
in the Karatau Mountains, east of Samarcand, and was 
gathered again in the summer of 1876 on the Alatau range 
by Dr. Albert Kegel, who sent bulbs to his father at St. 
Petersburg, from whom we received it. Of old familiar 
types in the genus it most resembles Allium nigrum, but it 
is much dwarfer, with large prominently-veined leaves of 
firmer texture, and smaller flowers, with very acuminate 
perianth-segments. It is quite hardy in England, and our 
drawing was made from a specimen that flowered in the 
herbaceous ground at Kew in the month of May of this 
present year. 

Desce. Bulb solitary, depresso-globose, a couple of 
inches in diameter. Leaves usually two, rarely three, 
crowded near the base of the stem, oblong, acute, suberect, 
firm in texture, distinctly veined, glabrous, dull green, 
with a slight glaucous tinge, six or nine inches long 
by about three inches broad at the middle. Stem half a 

SEPTEMBER 1ST, 1879. 



foot long, stout, terete, rather glaucous. Umbel very 
dense, globose, three or four inches in diameter ; spathe- 
valves two or three, deltoid, membranous, shorter than the 
pedicels, which spread stiffly in all directions, and are about 
an inch in length. Perianth a third of an inch long ; 
segments uniform, lanceolate, acuminate, nearly white, 
with a distinct purplish keel, rather ascending when fully 
expanded. Filaments about as long as the perianth- 
segments, subulate, deltoid and confluent at the base, per- 
manently erect ; anthers small, oblong, versatile. Ovary 
grey-purple, globose, deeply three-lobed ; ovules two in 
each cell, erect, collateral ; style as long as the ovary. — 
/. G. Baker. 



Fig. 1, an expanded flower ; fig. 2, a single stamen : — both enlarged. 



eisz 







LReev» 4 



Tab. 6452. 
GERANIUM ATLANTICUM. 

Native of Algeria. 

Nat. Ord. Geeaniace.*:.— Tribe Geeanieje. 
Genus Geeaniuat, Linn.; (Benth. et Hoolc.f. Gen. PI. vol. i. p. 272.) 



Geeanium atlanticum; pills appressis subsericeum, eglandulosum, rhizomate 
erasso subgloboso, caule gracili suberecto, foliis omnibus longe petiolatis pal- 
mato-5-7-partitis, segmentis anguste obovatis v. cuneatis 3-fidis laciniatis v. 
pinnatifidis laciniis grosse dentatis, floribus subterminalibus 1£ poll, diam., 
pedunculis 2-floris post anthesin erectis, sepalis ellipticis subaristatis appresse 
hirsutis, petalis obcordatis purpureis sepalis multo longioribus, filamentis basi 
pilosis, carpellis^ maturis lsevibus rostroque brevissime pilosis eglandulosis, 
seminibus subtilissime punctulatis. 

G. atlanticum, Boiss. Diagn. PI. Orient. Nov. vol. i. p. 59 ; Walp. Rep. vol. ii. 
p. 819. 



Though differing from Boissier's character in the colour 
of the petals, which that author describes as rosy, and their 
length, which he states to be only twice that of the sepals, 
this so well agrees not only with the rest of his good de- 
scription, but with native specimens in Munby's Herbarium 
and others collected by Lefebvre, and communicated by 
Prof. Reichenbach, that I have no doubt of the correctness 
of the identification. As a species it is, as Boissier points 
out, near the widely-diffused G. sylvaticum, but differs in 
being wholly eglandular, with more deeply- divided and silky 
leaves, as also in the woody tuberous rootstock; though 
the latter may well be a climatal character. 

G. atlanticum is a native of Algiers, where it is found in 
rocky places, near Constantine by Boissier, on the banks of 
the Chiffa by Munby, on the peak of Merid by Choulette, 
and in oak forests near Blidah by Lefebvre. The specimen 
here figured flowered in June 1878 and 1879 in the garden 
of the artist, Mrs. Barnard, on Leckhampton Hill near 
Cheltenham, from a root brought by Mrs. Thiselton Dyer 
in 1875 from Algeria. 

Desce. A perennial herb, clothed with rather appressed 

OCTOBEE 1st, 1879. 



silky hairs, eglandular ; rootstock a small woody tuber with 
dark-brown bark. Stems one or more from the rootstock, 
suberect, twelve to eighteen inches high, slender, simple, 
flexuous. Leaves all long-petioled, radical petioles four to 
five inches long ; uppermost floral only sessile ; all orbicular, 
cut nearly to the base into five or seven narrowly obovate 
or cuneate segments, which are again trifid or pinnatifidly 
laciniate and toothed, the teeth acute or obtuse, silky on 
both surfaces, but especially beneath; stipules small, linear- 
oblong. Flowers one and a half inch in diameter, in 
terminal 2-flowered peduncles, which, as well as the pedicels 
and calyx, are silky ; peduncles and pedicels each about 
an inch long ; bracts small, subulate-lanceolate. Sepals 
elliptic, acuminate, with a short awn. Petals three or four 
times as long as the sepals, obcordate, pale purple, with red 
veins; claw small, hairy. Filaments glabrous, except at 
the base. Carpels smooth, minutely pubescent, eglandular. 
Seeds most minutely dotted. — J. D. H. 



Fig. 1, Longitudinal section of flower ; 2, claw of petal ; 3, stamen ; 4, pistil ; 
6, rootstock and radical leaves : — figs. 3 and 4 enlarged. 



6453. 




AB del.JNFitALit 



i. Reeve & C° London 



Tab. 6453. 
CHIONODOXA nana. 

Native of Crete. 

Nat. Ord. Liliace-E. — Tribe Hyacinthe^:. 
Genus Chionodoxa, Boiss. ; (Baker in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xi. p. 435.) 



Chionodoxa nana; bulbo minimo ovoideo tunicis membranaceis exterioribus 
brunneis, foliis 2 linearibus suberectis viridibus facie canaliculars apice 
eucullatis, scapo gracili tereti foliis breviori, floribus 1-4 laxe corymbosis, pedi- 
cellis ascendentibus, bracteis obsoletis, perianfchii albo-coerulei 5-6 lin. longi 
tubo campanulato, segmentis oblongis patulis tubo 2-3 -plo brevioribus, stami- 
nibus segmentis subtriplo brevioribus, antheris breviter protrusis, ovario globoso, 
stylo brevissimo. 

C. nana, Boiss. Sf Held, in Boiss. Diagn. I. part xiii. p. 24 ; Baker in Journ. Linn. 
Soc. loc. cit. 

Hyacintbus nanus, Boem. et Schultes Syst. Veg. vol. vii. p. 581 ; Kunth Enum. 
vol. iv. p. 304. 

Puscbkinia scilloides, Sieber Reise Crete, vol. ii. p. 319, tab. 7, non Adams. 



This, the oldest-known species of Chionodoxa, is a native 
of the mountains of Crete, at an altitude of five thousand 
or six thousand feet above sea-level, flowering in the neigh- 
bourhood of the melting snow in May, and consequently 
perfectly hardy in our English gardens. It was discovered 
by Sieber, an Austrian traveller who collected plants largely 
in the island about the year 1820, and who confounded it 
with the Caucasian Puschkinia scilloides, and figured it 
under that name in his published travels. For horticul- 
tural purposes it is far inferior to G. Lucilice (Bot. Mag. 
tab. 6433), the flower being much smaller, and the whole 
habit of the plant more slender. Our drawing was made 
from plants that flowered in the herbaceous ground at Kew 
in May of the present year, which were raised from bulbs 
that were sent to us by Mr. Elwes. 

Descr. Bulb ovoid, under half an inch in diameter, the 
tunics very thin and membranous, the outer brown, the 

OCTOBER 1st, 1879. 



inner whitish. Leaves two to a scape, contemporary with 
the flowers, suberect, linear, five or six inches long, under 
half an inch broad, green, deeply channelled down the face 
and hooded at the tip, tinted with purple towards the base. 
Scape very slender, terete, three or four inches long, bearing 
from one to four laxly corymbose flowers ; pedicels ascend- 
ing, reaching an inch or an inch and a half in length ; 
bracts obsolete. Perianth five or six lines long; tube 
campanulate ; segments oblong, two or three times as long 
as the tube, spreading when the flower is fully expanded, 
white, keeled and flushed with lilac -blue. Stamens a third 
as long as the perianth-segments ; filaments strap-shaped, 
inserted at the throat of the perianth-tube, nearly equal, 
touching edge to edge permanently, but not united ; anthers 
linear-oblong, rather overtopping the filaments. Ovary 
globose, bright blue; style very short; stigma capitate, 
reaching only to the base of the anthers and the throat of 
the perianth-tube. — /. G. Baker. 



Fig. 1, vertical section of a flower; 2, side view of a stamen; 3, back view of 
the same ; 4, front view of the same ; 5, perianth-tube, with the six stamens in- 
serted at its throat ; 6, horizontal section of ovary, all enlarged ; 8 and 9, two 
forms of bulb and radical fibres, life-size. 



64H. 




LKeeve &l 



Tab. 6454. 
PSYCHOTEIA JASMINIFLOBA. 

Native of South Brazil. 

Nat. Ord. KuBiACEiE. — Tribe Psychoteie;e. 
Genus Psychoteia, Linn. ; (Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. PL vol. ii. p. 123.) 



Psychoteia (Eupsychotria) jasminifiora; fruticosa, ramulis teretibus, foliis breviter 
petiolatis oblongis acutis basi rotundatis v. subcordatis coriaceis, stipulis parvis 
in vaginam intrapetiolarem connatis setosis persistentibus, pedunculis termi- 
nalibus et axillaribus, cymis paucifloris breviter paniculatis, calycis glabri 
limbo tubuloso insequaliter breviter 4-lobo, corolla? villosse tubo gracili elongate), 
fauce paullo ampliata, lobis 4-oblongis obtusis, filamentis glabris, antheris 
exsei'tis. 

Gioneeia jasminifiora, Lind. Sf Andre, III. Sortie, vol. xviii. p. 76, t. 60 ; Benth. 
et HooJc.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 51, et. 1228. 



The genus Gloneria, which was founded upon this plant, 
must have originated in some curious misconception, the 
aestivation of the corolla being described as contorted, the 
ovules as numerous, inserted on fleshy placentas in each 
cell, and the leaves as tomentose beneath. When describing 
the genus for the " Genera Plantarum," I had access to no 
specimens, and gave the description under the authority of 
its founders, applying, however, to my friend Mr. Linden 
for some flowers from his rich garden. The plants, how- 
ever, were not then in flower, but he subsequently obligingly 
gave me some, which enabled me to refer the genus Gloneria 
to Psychotria, as stated in the " Addenda and Corrigenda " 
to the same volume of the " Genera Plantarum." 

Though undoubtedly a Psychotria, this species is very 
different from any other of that immense genus, and so 
closely resembles in habit, form of corollas, texture of the 
leaves, and other characters, a Coussarea, that but for the 
two cells of the ovary with thick dissepiments between 
them, I should have been disposed to refer it to that genus. 
Indeed, I think that this plant renders it questionable 

OCTOBER 1st, 1879. 



whether Coussarea and Faramea (which has a very thin 
dissepiment) should not be included under PsycJiotria. The 
stipules of P. jasminifiora are quite those of the latter genus, 
being united into an intrapetiolar tube, and bearing simple 
or branched bristles on the back or margin, which are 
sometimes caducous. 

P. jasminifiora was discovered by Libon in the province 
of St. Catherine, in South Brazil, in 1860, and introduced 
by Mr. Linden ; and the specimen here figured was flowered 
in Messrs. Williams's Nursery in May of the present year. 

Descr. A nearly glabrous shrub, except the corolla, with 
white bark. Leaves shortly petioled, three inches long and 
under, oblong-ovate, acute, coriaceous, evergreen, bright 
green above, pale beneath with obscure nerves ; base acute 
or cordate ; petiole an eighth of an inch long. Stipules 
united into a short intrapetiolar sheath, with several rigid 
bristles from their back or margins, which are often 
branched and deciduous. Inflorescence of trichotomous 
cymes shorter than the leaves ; peduncle flattened, terminal, 
rarely axillary, glabrous ; partial ones almost obcuneate ; 
pedicels 3-nate, short, flattened; bracteoles appressed to 
the calyx, short, toothed. Calyx-tube short, limb dilated, 
cupular, obtusely unequally 4-toothed or lobed. Corolla 
snow-white, one to one and a quarter inch long, externally 
softly villous or tomentose ; tube slender, slightly dilated 
above the middle ; lobes one -fourth the length of the tube, 
oblong, obtuse, valvate. Stamens inserted half-way down 
the tube, filaments slender glabrous, exserted ; anthers 
small, broadly oblong. Dish annular, erect. Style slender, 
stigmatic arms subulate, hairy. Ovary 2-celled, with a 
thick septum ; ovules solitary in each cell, basal, erect, 
oblong.— J". D. H. 



Fig. 1, Flower ; 2, upper portion of corolla laid open, and stamens ; 3, lower part 
of corolla and ovary cnt longitudinally ; 4 and 5, anthers ; 6, tip of style and 
stigmas : — all enlarged. 



]6455. 




i.Reevg i 



Tab. 6455. 
ODONTOGLOSSUM maculatum. 

Native of Mexico. 



Nat. Ord. Obchide^;.— Tribe Vande^. 
Genus Odontoglossum, H. B. Sf K. ; {Lindl, Fol. Orchid. Odontoglossum.) 



Odontoglossum (Xanthoglossum) maculatum ; pseudo-bulbis oblongo-ovatis com- 
pressis 1-pbyllis, foliis oblongo-lanceolatis acutis nervosis, racemis pendulis 
multi-laxi-floris folio longioribus, bracteis spathaceis ovario brevioribus, sepalis 
rectis anguste lineari- v. lanceolato-oblongis acuminatis brunneis, apicibus 
recurvis, petalis ovato-lanceolatis acuminatis aureis brunneo maculatis, mar- 
giuibus undulatis, labelli lamina late trulliforme v. triangulari caudato- 
acuminata aurea brunneo maculata, marginibus crispatis, ungue brevi 2-cristata, 
columna alba. 

0. maculatum, Llave, Orchid. Mex. vol. ii. p. 35 ; Lindl. in Bot. Reg. vol. xxvi. 
t. 30; Fol. Orchid. Odontogloss. p. 5; Begtl Gartenfi. (1877), vol. xxvi. p. 258, 
t. 913 ; Walp. Ann. vol. vi. p. 829 ; Reichh. f. Pescatorea, t. 28 ; non Tab. 
nostr. 4878, qua O. cordatum, Lindl. 



So long ago as 1855 a plant was figured in this work as 
Odontoglossum maculatum, which, however, differs widely 
from that species in the size of the flower and in the form 
and colouring of the sepals, petals, and lip, and which is 
the 0. cordatum of Lindley. Both these species are natives 
of Mexico, and belong to the same section of the genus, of 
which twelve species are known, including some of the 
finest, which are yet to be introduced into cultivation. 

0. maculatum has been long cultivated at Kew, and 
flowers freely in June. 

Besce. Pseudobulbs one and a half to two and a half 
inches long, broadly oblong-ovate, compressed, dark-green, 
smooth, one-leaved. Leaves six to eight inches long, 
oblong-lanceolate, acute, about 9-nerved, bright pale-green. 
Racemes a foot long and more, pendulous, loosely many- 
flowered; peduncle rather stout; rachis flexuous ; bracts 
spathaceous, shorter than the ovary. Flowers about an inch 
apart, nearly three inches across the petals. Ovary with 

OCTOBEJR 1st, 1879. 



pedicel two inches long. Sepals spreading, nearly straight, 
narrowly linear, oblong-lanceolate, brown, with slender 
acuminate yellow recurved tips, not spotted. Petals rather 
shorter than the sepals, ovate-lanceolate, finely acuminate, 
the base contracted, undulate, golden yellow with brown 
blotches below the middle. Lip with the blade trowel- 
shaped or triangular, about as long as the petals, acuminate, 
the margins crisped, base truncate ; claw about half as long 
as the blade, with a lobed erect crest on each side. Column 
white, not winged or cirrhose. — J. D. H. 



Fig. 1, column and lip ; 2, front view of column ; 3, anther-case ; 4 and 5, back 
and side views of pollen-masses and their gland : — all enlarged. 



6456. 




A.B 



Vuioent Brooks Day i Son I«f 



T D .. J 



Tab. 6456. 
VERONICA Ltallii. 

Native of New Zealand. 

Nat. Ord. Scbophulabine.e. — Tribe Digitalej:. 
Genus Vebonica, Linn.; (Benth. et Hoolc.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 964.) 



Veeonica (Cbamaedrys) Lyallii ; glabra v. parce puberula, caulibus gracilibus 
erectis v. repentibus rigidulis, foliis parvis breviter petiolatis ovatis acutis 
serratis coriaceis, pedunculis axillaribus erectis elongatis gracilibus glabris pauci- 
v. multifloris, floribus racemosis, racemis continuis v. interruptis, bracteis 
sessilibus ovatis obovatis oblongisve, pedicellis gracilibus elongatis, sepalis 
oblongo-ovatis acutis, corolla rotata, lobis omnibus orbiculatis 2 lateralibus 
postico paullo majoribus, antico minore integro, staminibus brevibus, capsula 
didyma sepala ajquantibus v. superantibus, lobis turgidis. 

V. Lyallii, Hook. f. Fl. Nov. Zeald, vol. i. p. 196 ; Handb. of New Zeald. Ft. 
p. 215. 



A singularly elegant plant, and one which, considering 
its wide range in New Zealand, might have been expected 
to have been introduced long before this. I believe it to 
be a form of the very variable V. Lyallii, which approaches 
closely to V. cataractce, V. Bidwillii, and V. nivalis, if, 
indeed, some of these species are really specifically distinct. 
Most of our native specimens have the stems creeping, as 
in our V. Chamcedrys, but a few have them more woody and 
suberect, as in the plant here figured. It inhabits both the 
larger islands of New Zealand, at elevations of 2000 feet 
and upwards ; and we have specimens which cannot be 
distinguished specifically in a dry state, gathered by Colenso 
on rocky cliffs at Patea, and from the top of the Ruahine 
mountains. From its near ally, V. nivea (erroneously 
called nivalis in the Handbook of the New Zealand Flora), 
it differs in the eglandular inflorescence, slender peduncle, 
and 2-lobed anterior corolla-lobe, from V. catavadce in its 
much smaller leaves. It is curious that amongst no fewer 
than twenty-eight ticketed specimens from various collectors, 
not one of the latter has recorded on the ticket the colour 

OCTOBER 1st, 1879. 



of the flower ! That of V. nivea I know to be white with 
pink veins, and others of this section have pale violet-blue 
or pinkish flowers ; probably this character is a variable 
one. The indigenous specimens which accord most nearly 
with our figure in their erect woody habit, were gathered 
by Dr. Lyall, R.N", (after whom the species was named), at 
Milford Sound, when exploring the New Zealand islands as 
surgeon and naturalist attached to H.M.S. Acheron, which 
was surveying the coast. 

V. Lyallii was raised from seed by my indefatigable 
friend, Mr. Isaac Anderson Henry, F.S.A., and flowered 
with him in May of the present year for the first time. 

Descr. A slender suberect or creeping branching plant, 
glabrous or with the stem pubescent ; branches rather 
woody, prostrate and rooting or ascending. Leaves small, 
one-half to two-thirds of an inch long, shortly petioled, 
coriaceous, usually ovate and acute, coarsely serrate. Pe- 
duncles solitary, or in pairs in opposite axils (one in each), 
very slender, erect, three to five inches long. Raceme* 
glabrous, few or many flowered, continuous or interrupted ; 
pedicels very slender, one-half to one inch long ; bracts 
variable, small, green, coriaceous, ovate-oblong or obovate. 
Flowers one-third to one-half an inch in diameter. Sepals 
ovate-oblong, acute. Corolla rotate, white, with the veins 
pink near the throat ; lobes orbicular, the lateral largest, 
the anterior smallest. Stamens shorter than the corolla- 
lobes, filaments slender, glabrous; anthers pale purplish. 
Ovary glabrous, oblong, compressed. Capsule didymous, 
valves turgid, about equalling the sepals. — J. D. H. 



Fig. 1, flower viewed in front ; 2, calyx, pedicel, and style ; 3, stamen ; 4, pistil : 
all enlarged. 



6457. 




Yinceni I 



i.Reeve .'. 



/ 

■ 

Tab. 6457. 

AEISJEMA GALEATUM. 
Namve of the Sihhim Himalaya. 

Nat. Ord. Aboie-eje. — Tribe Arisabe^:. 
Genus Aeisaeum, Mart.; {Schott, Prodr. Sj/st. Avoid, p. 24.) 



AsiSiEMA (Trisecta) galeatum ; dioioutn, folio solitario 3-foliolato, foliolis breyiter 
petiolulatis decurvis ovatis acuminatis basi acutis v. rotundatis mirginibus 
crenulatis rubris reticulatim nerrosis,nervis supra impressissubtus prominentibu* 
rubris, petiolo tereti cylindraceo viridi, pedanculo petiolo multo bravijre viridi, 
spatha 4-pollicari, tubo subelongato cylindraceo leviter curvo 1 pall. diam. 
viridi ad 10-costato costis pallidis, vertice decurvo galeato laevi in laminam 
brevem pendulam ovato-oblongam marginibus recurvis _ abrupte desinente, 
spadicis masculi parte florifero brevi rubro, antheris sparsis, appendtce a b 191 
truncato elongato-oonico in filum longissimum sensim desineate. 

A. galeatum, iV r . Broicn in Gard. Chron., 1879, p. 102. 



This is not the least remarkable species of that curious 
genus, to the numerous unfigured species of which now in 
cultivatiou I have called attention under Tab. 6146; 
though it falls for short, in stature, colour, and singularity 
of spathe, of the A. utile and Eooherianum, which have yet 
to be figured. In many respects it resembles A. nepenthoides, 
but differs remarkably in the long cylindrical tube of the 
spathe, in wanting the large auricles at its mouth, and in 
the curions boss or hood that crowns the tube. _ Like so 
many of its congeners, it is a native of Sikkim, from 
whence tubers were sent to Kew by our indefatigable 
correspondent, Mr. Garmmie, through Dr. King, of the 
Calcutta Botanic Gardens. It flowered in Kew in May of 
the present year, as it also did in the gardens of the Royal 
Horticultural Society, Chiswick, from which plant the 
drawing here published was made. . 

Desce. Leaf solitary ; petiole two feet high, cylmdric, 
smooth, green, unspotted ; leaflets three, decurved, shortly 
stoutly petiolulate, ovate, acuminate, ten inches long, the 



ocTouEit 1st, 1879. 



lateral five, the central six and a quarter inches broad; 
margins crenulate, red, upper surface with close set im- 
pressed veins, which are prominent and reddish beneath, 
bright pale-green. Peduncle not one quarter as long as the 
petiole, stout, erect, dull green, without markings. Sjpathe 
four inches long, erect, cylindric for the most part of its 
length, one inch in diameter, and very slightly curved, 
rather dirty-green, with about twenty pale almost white 
ridges faintly tinged with pink; top of spathe suddenly 
decurved, and ending in pendent green ovate acute lamina, 
that is given off below a rounded boss-like crown, upon 
which the ridges terminate ; margins of the lamina pro- 
duced along the mouth of spathe as two narrow recurved 
lips. Spadix, male only seen, with a very short reddish 
flowering portion, loosely covered with small stipitate 
anthers; appendix almost white, sessile on the flowering 
portion by its truncate base, elongate conical, gradually 
narrowed into a filiform tail ten inches long, the end of 
which rests on the ground. — J. D. H. 



Fig. 1, much reduced figure of whole plant; 2, leaf reduced about one-half; 
A, spathe, and 4, spadix of the natural size; 5, anther before dehiscence; 6, the 
same alter the pollen is shot :■— both enlarged 



64.53. 




Vim till Brook ' . S Son '■■•]• 






Tab. 6458. 
BOLLEA ccelestis. 

Native of New Grenada ? 

Nat. Ord. Oechide^.— Tribe Vandej:. 
Genus Bollea, Reichb.f. in Mohl and Schlecht., Bot. Zeit. 1852, p. 667. 



Bollea ccelestis; foliorum vagina 3-4-pollicari 1 poll, lata eompressa, lamina 
6-pollicari 2 poll, lata oblongo-lanceolata acuta, pedunculis 4-5 pollicaribus 
robustis flexuosis, floribus & poll, diam., sepalis acutis violaceis ultra median) 
saturation bus, marginibus undulatis versus apice flavis, postico obovato, 
lateralibus majoribus late oblongis, petalis sepalo postico consiinilibus, labello 
a basi profunde cordato ovato saturate violaceo basin versus flavo margtnibnfl 
recurvis, apice attenuato revoluto, callo in disco elevato tabuheformi antice 
rotundato multisulcato aureo columna angustiore, columna crassa fornicata 
antice pilosa. 

B. ccelestis, Reichb.f. in Gard. Chron. 1876, p. 756, and 1877, p. 366, et in Linnaa, 
vol. xli. p. 5. 



The rarity of blue or violet-coloured Orchids has given a 
notoriety to this remarkable plant, which is the largest of 
the genus to which it belongs, and from the size and 
colouring of the flower by far the most showy. It would 
also appear to be a very free flowerer, as Mr. Backhouse 
of York, to whom I am indebted for sending the fine 
specimen here figured, informs me that four and even six 
flowers occur on one shoot, and that twelve had been seen 
on one of his plants with three shoots. Unfortunately even 
a quarto plate would not give room to represent such a 
specimen. 

Under B. Lalindei (t. 6331) I have expressed concurrence 
in the opinion that Bollea should, along with Pescatorea, be 
reduced to Zygopetalum ; and I am glad to see that M. 
Reichenbach adheres to this view, for under the description 
of the present plant he says, "Botanice Zijqo^etalwm^odestey 

As to the native country of this plant, Prof. Reichenbach 
says, " It was discovered somewhere in western tropical 
South America, by M. Roezl, or by the Messrs. Klabock, his 

NOVEMBEB 1ST, 1879. 



nephews. As stated above, I am indebted to Mr. Back- 
house for the specimen figured, which was sent up in June 
last. For its cultivation he recommends a strong light, but 
with slight shade in intense sunshine, a humid atmosphere, 
tree watering with water of about the temperature of the 
bouse, but never below it, and a temperature of 60° to 70° 
in summer, and 55° to 60° in winter. 

Desce. Xmws six to ten on a shoot; sheath flattened, pale, 
three to four inches long by one broad; blade six inches 
Jong by two broad, oblong-lanceolate, acuminate, bright 
pale-green. Peduncles one from each leaf, one-flowered, six 
inches long, very stout, erect, flexuous. Flowers four inches 
in diameter. Sepals broad, acute, violet- purple, with a 
broad much deeper band beyond the middle and undulate 
edges, yellow towards the tips, all acute; dorsal smaller, 
obovate, hooded; lateral larger, more oblong. Petals like 
the dorsal sepal, and about the same size, but paler coloured. 
Mp with a short claw and ovate limb which is deeply cor- 
date at the base, its margins are recurved, and tip produced 
and reyolute ; it is deep violet beyond the middle, paler 
with yellowish margins towards the base; disk golden-yellow, 
much raised, tabular and rounded in front, deeply grooved 
as it formed of about twenty thick parallel raised connate 
plates with rounded tips. Column very large, arching over 
the disk, violet, obtuse, hairy in front within.—/. D. H. 

Fig. 1, column and lip , 2, lip ; 3, top of column viewed in front -.-all enlarged. 



€453 







L.Reeve 8. C°Iondon 



Tab. 6459. 
tulip a triphylla. 

Native of Turhesta n . 

Nat. Ord. Liliaceje.— Tribe Ttjlipeje. 
Genus Tulipa, Linn.; (Baker in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xiv. p. 275.) 



Tulipa triphylla ; bulbo ovoideo-oblongo tunicis brunneis membranaceis intus 
apice parce adpresse pilosis, foliis 3-4 prope caulis basin irapositis linearibus 
vel lanceolatis glauco-viridibus falcatis facie glabris margine obscure ciliatis, 
pedunculo semipedali glabro erecto, periantbii lutei infundibularis 15-18 lin. 
longi segmentis subconformibus oblongis subacutis, staminibus perianthio 
triplo brevioribus, antheris filamento clavato glabro sequilongis, ovario clavato- 
trigono stigraatibus parvis. 

T. triphylla, Begel Gartenfiora, vol. xxvii. (1878), p. 193, tab. 942, figs, b, c, d. 



This is another new species of Tulip from Central Asia. 
It was discovered by Dr. Albert Regel, on a recent excur- 
sion to the Sairam gee, in latitude 42°, just south of the 
centre of the great Thian-schan range. At first sight its 
affinity appears to be with T. sylvestris, but on looking 
closer it is found to have the glabrous filaments and other 
marks of the Gesneriana group, in which it is easily recog- 
nized by its narrow leaves, crowded together near the base 
of the stem, and funnel-shaped yellow flowers with uniform 
subacute segments. The drawing was made from plants 
that flowered at Kew this present spring, which were raised 
from bulbs sent to us by Dr. Regel, the father of its 
discoverer. 

Descr. Bulb ovoid-oblong, middle-sized, the dark brown 
membranous tunics with only a few adpressed hairs on the 
inside towards the tip. Stem six or eight inches long, one- 
flowered, bearing near its base three or four crowded falcate 
linear or lanceolate leaves, which are three or four inches 
long, a quarter or half an inch broad, slightly glaucous, 
glabrous on both faces, obscurely ciliated on the margins. 

NOVE\lBEB 1ST, 1879. 



Peduncle half a foot long, slender, erect, glabrous. Perianth 
funnel-shaped, bright yellow, tinted with green on the out- 
side ; segments nearly uniform, oblong, subacute, an inch 
and a quarter or an inch and a half long, half or three- 
quarters of an inch broad at the middle. Stamens one-third 
as long as the perianth ; anthers linear-oblong, equalling in 
length the clavate glabrous filaments. Ovary clavate- 
trigonous, shorter than the stamens; stigmas small. — 
/. G. Baker. 



Fig. 1, a couple of stamens ; 2, pistil : — both enlarged. 




L.Reeve & C° London 



Tab. 6460. 
ENKIANTHUS himalaious. 

Native of the Eastern Himalaya. 

Nat. Ord. EBicEiE. — Tribe Andeomede.^. 
Genus Enkianthus, Lour. ; (Benth. et Rook.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 588.) 



Enkianthtts himalaieus ; frutex v. arbuscula, foliis ad apices ramulorum fascicu- 
latis deciduis membranaceis petiolatis, petiolis pedunculisque pilosis, ovatis 
acuminatis serrulatis pubescentibus demum glabratis, floribus umbellatim con- 
gests pendulis, pedunculis elongatis 1-rarius 2 -floris, corolla urceolato-campanu- 
lata basi aequali, antberis 2-aristatis, capsulis decurvis pentagonis loculicidis 
valvarum marginibus incrassatis, seminibus lineari-oblongis, testa 5-alata, alis 
membranaceis undulatis. 

E. himalaieus, Hook.f. et Thorns, tn Kew Journ. Hot. vol. vii. p. 125, t. 3. 

Rhodoracese, Griff". Posth. Papers, vol. ii. p. 148, n. 717, and Rhodora deflexa, 
Griff. 1. c. p. 187, n. 969. 



The eastern Asiatic genus Enhiantliius presents four 
types of structure which almost indicate as many genera, 
and would do so if the species had not been united by habit, 
and if the characters were associated, instead of applying 
each to one species only. The original E. quinquefiorus of 
China (tab. nost. 1649) has subumbellate drooping flowers, 
as in our plant, but the corolla has five swellings at the 
base, and the capsules are erect. E. japonicus (tab. 5822), 
the second type, has also subumbellate but spreading 
flowers, and the corolla has a contracted mouth and five 
much larger swellings at the base, but the capsules are quite 
erect ; and, lastly, there is a third, also a Japanese type (E. 
Meisieria of Siebold and Zuccarini), with racemose flowers^ 
and the deflexed capsules and corolla of the E. himalaieus, 
but with the lobes of the latter laciniate : this last has not 
yet been introduced into cultivation. 

Enlcianthus himalaieus was discovered by the late Dr. 
Griffith in Bhotan, at an elevation of 8000 to 10,000 feet 
above the sea, a fact not known to me when I published 
the species as a discovery of my own, the Grinrthian collec- 

NOVEMBEB 1ST, 1879. 



tion being at that time inaccessible in the vaults of the 
India House. In Sikkim it inhabits the same elevation as 
in Bhotan, and becomes a small tree twenty feet high. 

The specimen here figured is from a plant raised in the 
Royal Botanic Gardens of Edinburgh, where it has flowered 
under Mr. Sadler's care, and was communicated by Dr. 
Balfour in June of the present year. The colour of the 
flower is much brighter in the native Sikkim specimens than 
in that here represented. 

Desce. A large shrub or small tree, with deciduous 
leaves that are crowded towards the ends of the branches, 
and whorls of drooping flowers. Branches slender, stiff, 
with red-brown bark, young ones bright red, as are the 
petioles, midribs, and margins of the leaves. Leaves two to 
three inches long, petioled, ovate -lanceolate, acuminate, 
serrulate, base acute, pubescent beneath when young; 
petiole slender, hairy. Flowers crowded in an umbellate 
manner towards the tips of the branches and bases of the 
young shoots, pendulous, pedicels hairy, one and a half 
inches long, rarely two-flowered. Calyx-lobes small, subulate- 
lanceolate, appressed. Corolla half an inch long, broadly 
campanulate, obscurely five-angled, five-lobed ; lobes short, 
triangular, red, scarcely spreading ; limb dull yellowish red, 
streaked with brighter red. Stamens included, pubescent 
all over, filaments short; anther-horns recurved. Ovary 
pubescent. Capsule decurved on the pedicel, almost glo- 
bose, with five valves that are thickened at the edges. 
Seeds with five membranous wrinkled toothed wings. — 
J. D. H. 



Fig. 1, stamens ; 2, calyx and ovary ; 3, vertical section of ovary ; 4, peduncle 
and capsule ; 5, seed ; 6, longitudinal section of ditto :— all but Jiff. 4 enlarged. 



646 1 ■ 







LUeeve &.CLoTidoii 



Tab. 6461. 
SOLANUM Torreyl 

Native of Texas and Arkansas. 



Nat. Ord. Solanace^g. — Tribe Solane.33. 
Genus Solakxim, Linn. ; (Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 



Solanitm Torreyi ; suffruticosum, cinerascens, stellato-purpuraceum, aculeis parvis 
rectis nunc raris v. obsoletis, foliis breviter petiolatis ovatis ovatocordatis 
v. bastatissinuato-lobatis, lobis integris v. undulatis obtusis inermibus, cymis 
primum terminalibus 2-3-fidis pedunculis pedicellisque robustis, floribus mutan- 
tibus, calycis lobis triangulari-ovatis, corolla 2 poll, diam., lobis late ovatis acutis 
violaceis plicatis, antberis subsequalibus lanceolato-subulatis poro parvo, baccia 
globosis glabris, pedunculis reflexis. 

S. Torreyi, Gray in Proc. Amer. Acad. Se. vol. vi. p. 44 ; Synopt. Fl. N. Am. 
vol. ii. part 1, p. 230. 

S. platypbyllum, Torr. in Amer. Lye. New York, vol. ii. p. 227, not. H. B. K. 

S. mammosum ? Engelm. et Gray, PI. Lindh. vol. i. p. 46. 



A very handsome and free-flowering hardy Solanum, a 
native of the prairies of the interior of North America, east 
of the Rocky Mountains, where this and other species of 
the genus form a frequent feature in the uniform landscape. 
It varies very much in amount of prickliness, depending a 
good deal on the dryness of the locality and consequent 
luxuriance or poverty of the plant. The young leaf -buds 
are often a bright red -purple colour and velvety texture, 
and the older leaves, even in a young state, are often tinged 
with pale rose-red underneath. The flowers are large, pro- 
duced copiously, and beautifully veined with red-purple. 
The plant was raised from seed sent from the Cambridge 
(U.S.) Botanic Gardens in 1877, and it flowered in July, 
1878, in the open border of the herbaceous ground at Kew. 
It has survived the long cold winter of 1878-9. 

Descr. An erect stout herb, with the stem woody below, 
and a running rootstock, covered with a close-set purpura- 
ceous pubescence of stellate hairs, and more or less prickly; 

NOVEMBEE 1ST, 1879. 



prickles small, straight, most frequent on the midrib of the 
leaf beneath, and rare on the stem or absent from it. 
Leaves two to three inches long, ovate with a rounded cor- 
date truncate or hastate base, sinuately lobed, the lobes 
obtuse usually rounded, mealy especially beneath ; petiole 
short, stout. Floivers in terminal few-flowered cymes, two 
inches in diameter, nodding ; peduncles and pedicels short 
and stout. Calyx-lobes broadly ovate, subacute or obtuse, 
pale blue. Corolla-lobes horizontally spreading, triangular 
ovate, acute, plaited, with wrinkled margins and a stout 
midrib which is yellowish towards the base; veins purplish. 
Stamens subequal, filaments very short ; anthers lanceolate, 
opening by a small terminal pore, yellow. Berry globose, 
glabrous, smooth. — /. D. II. 

Fig. 1, stamen ; 2, calyx cut open, showing the ovary and style ; 3, vertical section 
of young fruit : — all enlarged. 



6461. 







Tab. 6462. 

COREOPSIS AEISTOSA. 
Native of the United States. 

Nat. Ord. Composite— Tribe HELiANTHOiDEiG. 
Genus Coreopsis, Linn.; (Benth. et Koolc.f. Gen. PL vol. ii. p. 385.) 



Coeeopsis aristosa; annua, erecta, glaberrima v. hie illic puberula, foliis oppositia 
1-2-pinnatisectis, segmentis 5-7 distinctis lanceolatis grosse serratis acuminatis 
basin versus attenuates et integerrimis, capitulis flavis paniculatim corymbosis, 
involucri bracteis exterioribus numerosis foliaceis linearibus patentibus tortis, 
floribus radii ad 8 limbo elliptico-lanceolato acuto, acheniis late oblongis margi- 
natis hispidulis 2-4-aristatis. 

C- aristosa, Michx. Fl.N. Am. vol. ii. p. 140; DC. Prodr. vol. v. p. 572 ; Tory, 
et Gr. Fl. N. Am. vol. ii. p. 340. 

C. aristata, Willi. Sp. PL vol. iii. p. 2253. 

Diodonta aristosa, Nutt. in Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. (n. ser.) vol. vii. p. 360. 



This is one of the many golden-flowered plants of the 
.Eastern United States, which are the glory of the autumnal 
herbaceous vegetation of that country, and are much needed 
for the decoration of our borders and beds, late in the season 
especially. It is indeed astonishing that these Coreopsises, 
with the Asters, Helianthi, Rudbeckkias, Silphiums, and 
numberless other fine North American herbaceous plants, 
all so easily grown and so handsome, should be entirely 
neglected in English gardens ; and this in favour of carpets, 
hearth-rugs, and ribbons, forming patterns of violent 
colours, which though admired, from being the fashion, on 
the lawn and borders of our gardens and grounds, would 
not be tolerated on the floor of a drawing-room or boudoir. 

Coreopsis aristosa has a wide range in the United States, 
from Michigan, one of the most northern, to western 
Louisiana in the south, according to Torrey and Gray's 
Flora, though I do not find it included in Chapman's Flora 
of the Southern United States. It is very near the G. 
trichosperma of the same regions, differing chiefly in the 

NOVEMBEE 1ST, 1879. 



longer teeth of the achene's, though as these are described 
as sometimes absent in C. aristosa, that character will not 
avail much. 

G. aristosa is said to be a swamp plant in America, but it 
has flourished in the herbaceous ground at Kew, where the 
soil is anything but moist, attaining a height of three feet ; 
it is described as a biennial, but it is annual here, and 
flowers in September and October. 

Descr. A tall slender annual or biennial, with erect wiry 
red-brown stems, two to three feet high, quite glabrous, 
except for a few hairs chiefly towards the bases of the 
leaves and nodes. Leaves opposite, once or twice pinnati- 
sect ; the segments five to seven, rather distant, one to 
three inches long, lanceolate, acuminate, deeply serrate, 
entire towards the narrowed bases. Heads golden-yellow, 
nearly two inches in- diameter, in panicled corymbs ; pedun- 
cles very slender, wiry, tortuous, with a few small distant 
simple leaves. Involucre of many bracts ; outer numerous, 
leafy, spreading and twisted, linear, obtuse ; inner erect 
with involute margins above the middle. Bay-flowers about 
eight, neuter, with a short tube and large elliptic lanceolate 
acute flat five-nerved limb. Disk-flowers small, tubular. 
Style-arms acute. Achenes flattened, broadly oblong, hispid, 
the margins thickened and produced upwards each into an 
erect hispid awm as long as the achene (awns sometimes 
four or wanting, according to descriptions). — J. D. H. 



Fig. 1, inner involucral bract ; 2, scales of receptacle ; 3, ray-flower ; 4, disk- 
flower; 5, style-arms ; 6, achene : — all enlarged. 



Tab. 64G3. 

GLADIOLUS BRACHYANDRUS. 
Native of Zambesi Land. 

Nat. Ord. Iridace.e. — Tribe Gladiolej2. 
Genus Gladiolus, Linn.; (Baker in Journ. Linn. Soc. vol. xvi. p. 170.) 



Gladiolus hracJiyandrus ; bulbo magno subgloboso tunicis exterioribus brunneis, 
foliis basalibus 4—5 parvis ensiformibus subcoriaceis venis exsculptis, pedunculo 
sabpedali foliis 1-2 valde reductis praedito, spica subpedali laxe 8-10-floro 
floribus ascendentibus, spathse valvis lanceolatis flore subduplo brevioribus, 
periantbii rubri magnitudine mediocris tubo brevi curvato late infundibulari, 
segmentis ineequalibus oblongis acutis, superiori majori haud eucullato, latera- 
libus paulo minoribus, 3 inferioribus multo minoribus, staminibus periantbio 
triente brevioribus antberis albis, stylo staminibus aequilongo stigmatibus 
oblongis longe unguiculatis. 



It has been ascertained during the last twenty years 
that there are a considerable number of Gladioli amongst 
the mountains of Tropical Africa, which are distinct specifi- 
cally from all the well-known old types of the Cape and 
Mediterranean region. Dr. Welwitsch found in Angola 
eleven species, of which ten proved new, and others have 
been met with in Guinea, Abyssinia, the Upper Nile country, 
and Zambesi land. The present plant, however, is the first 
of these Tropical African species that has reached this 
country alive. It was sent about a couple of years ago to 
the Edinburgh Botanical Garden from the Shire Highlands 
by Mr. John Buchanan, along with another less showy 
species, which also proves to be new. It comes nearest 
the Natal G. Eckloni, lately figured in the Magazine (tab. 
6335), and the old well-known G. blandus, but is readily 
marked at a glance from all its neighbours by its short 
stamens and very unequal perianth-segments. Our drawing 
was made from a plant flowered by Mr. Sadler at Edinburgh 
in the month of July of the present year. 

Desce. Bulb depresso-globose, about a couple of inches 

DECEMBER 1ST, 1879. 



in diameter, with bright brown outer tunics. Produced 
leaves four or five near the base of the stem, firm in texture, 
ensiform, green, strongly ribbed and margined, about half 
an inch broad, the largest not more than two or three 
inches long. Peduncle about a foot long, bearing one or 
two much-reduced leaves. Spike nearly a foot long, 
consisting of eight or ten distant ascending flowers ; spathe- 
valves lanceolate, membranous at the flowering-time, the 
outer an inch or more long, the inner rather shorter. 
Perianth bright pale scarlet, two or two and a half inches 
long ; tube curved, openly funnel-shaped, half an inch long ; 
segments all oblong and acute, but very unequal in size, 
permanently much imbricated, the upper one an inch and 
a half long by half as broad, not cucullate ; the two side 
ones rather shorter and broader, standing forward in the 
fully-expanded flower with slightly spreading tips ; the 
three lower ones much smaller, under an inch long. Stamens 
not reaching up more than half the length of the upper 
segment of the perianth; anthers white, a quarter or a 
third of an inch long. Style half as long as the top segment 
of the perianth ; stigmas oblong, falcate, with long claws. — 
J. G. Baker. 



Fig. 1, upper portion of a stamen ; 2, upper portion of style, with the three 
lsmas : — both enlarged. 



frlC I. 




ImceivlkaaxsTx 



1. Reeve &.C? London 



Tab. 6464. 

SCUTELLARIA puepurascexs. 

Native of South America. 



Nat. Ord. Labiate. — Tribe Stachyde^e. 
Genus Scutellaria, Linn. ; {Benth. et EooJc.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 1201.) 



Scutellaria (Heteeantheria) purpurascens ; erecta, herbacea, puberula pubescens 
v. patentim pilosa, caulibus ramosis teretibus, foliis longe petiolatis ovato-cor- 
datis subacutis grosse sinuato-dentatis pallide viridibus pubescentibus v. 
glabratis, floralibus parvis v. minutis deciduis, racemo laxifloro, floribus subse- 
cundis sparsis v. inferioribus oppositis, calycibus pedicello subaaquilongis, fructi- 
feris obovato-orbiculatis, corolla pollicari tubo gracili coeruleo, labio superiore 
fornicato acuto, inferiore obtuse 4-lobo saturate violaceo llnea media albida. 

S. purpurascens, Sicartz Fl. Ind. Occ. vol. ii. p. 1013 ; Benth. in DC. Prodr. 
vol. xii. p. 416. 

S. Felisberti, Nees et Mart, in Nov. Act. Acad. Nat. Cur. vol. ii. p. 77. 



This appears to me to be one of many varieties of a 
common South American Scutellaria, of which the published 
type is Swartz's S. purpurascens, and which has been 
described under various names from various parts of that 
continent, according to its pubescence, length of petiole, 
&c. I have compared Herbarium specimens of what appears 
to me the same thing from Dominica, Martinique, St. 
Lucia, St. Vincent's, Trinidad, Guatemala, Venezuela (as 
S. meridana, Moritz), and Costa Rica. It appears in 
Guiana under the name of S. uliginosa, St. Mil., under 
which name also it extends to Rio de Janeiro and the 
provinces of St. Paul and St. Catherine. There are further 
some very nearly allied plants which may prove to be, 
varieties with petioles much shorter than the leaf, as S. 
tubiflora, Benth., of Brazil; a tomentose Cuban plant 
named purpurascens by Grisebach k and a Mexican one 
(Orizaba Herb. Bourgeau, No. 2796) with rather larger 
flowers. J 

Our plants of S. purpurascens were received from Mr. 



DECEMBER 1ST, 1879. / -P 



H 



Portella of Rio de Janeiro, and flowered at Kew in 
September. 

Desce. Perennial ; one to two feet high, herbaceous, 
pale green, and rather succulent ; more or less pubescent, 
or clothed with spreading hairs ; stem branched ; branches 
terete. Leaves long-petioled, one and a half to two and 
a half inches long, broadly ovate-cordate, obtuse or sub- 
acute, coarsely sinuate-toothed, sinus at the base deep, the 
lobes almost overlapping, upper surface with spreading 
hairs, under finely pubescent or glabrate ; petiole one to 
two and a half inches long, terete, pubescent. Raceme one 
to two inches long; flowers subsecund, alternate, or the 
lower only opposite ; bracts small or minute, green, 
deciduous, the lower sometimes- leafy; pedicels about 
equalling the calyx, pubescent. Calyx one-sixth of an 
inch long. Corolla two-thirds of an inch long; tube 
slender, slightly compressed, pale blue, hardly dilated 
upwards, slightly curved; upper lip small, arched, com- 
pressed, acute; lower a quarter of an inch in diameter, 
obtusely 4-lobed, dark violet, with a median broad white 
band. Fruiting calyx obovate-orbicular ; shield very concave, 
deeply cupped, much broader when ripe than represented 
in the state figured here; nucules subglobose, minutely 
tubercled, seated on a prominent columnar receptacle. — 
J. D. E. 



Figs. 1 and 2, calyx of immature fruit seen from beneath and from above— 
enlarged. 



6IG. r > 




H.TDdel JHJiUh.Litk 



L."Reev» ^C? London. 



Tab. 6465. 
LUZURIAGA kadioans. 

Native of Chili. 

Nat. Ord. Smilace-E. — Tribe Philesieje. 
Genus Luzubiaga, Ruiz et Pav.; {Endl. Gen. PI. p. 154.) 



Luztteiaga radicans ; glaberrima, caulibus gracilibus ramosis flexuosis angulatis 
basi radicantibus, foliis disticbis ellipticis oblongis lineari-oblongisve acutis v. 
apiculatis subtus glaucis costatis et 6-12-nerviis, floribus solitariis v. 2-3-nis 
axillaribus nutantibus, staminibus conniventibus filamento brevi lato crasso, 
antheris anguste lanceolato-subulatis praefloratione erectis antice debiscentibus, 
ovarii placentis 4-5-ovulatis axim non attingentibus. 

L. radicans, Ruiz et Pav. Fl. Peruv. et Chili, Vol. iii. p. 66, t 298 ; Presl. Rel. 
Saenk. vol. ii. p. 130; Rook, et Am. Rot. Beech Voy. p. 48; Raker in 
Jburn. Linn. Soc. Rot. vol. xiv. p. 573. 



A very elegant green-house plant, a native of a consider- 
able extent of the coast of Chili, from the latitude of 
Valdivia to the Straits of Magellan, and also of the plains 
of Chiloe. It is usually found in forests, rooting up the 
mossy trunks of trees. Its roots are used as a substitute 
for sarsaparilla in its native country, on which account, 
probably, the authors of the genus named it after a 
celebrated Spanish physician, Don Ignatio Marie Ruiz de 
Luzuriaga. According to the collector Bridges, its stems 
are used for rope-making. 

The genus Luzuriaga consists of but one species ; the 
L. erecta of Kunth being, as originally and rightly described 
by Sir W. Hooker, a true Callixene (C. polyphylla, Hook. Ic. 
Fl. t. 674 ; tab. nost. 5192), differing wholly from Luzuriaga 
in the structure of the anthers, as pointed out, indeed, by 
its author, and which renders Kunth' s subsequently remov- 
ing it to this genus quite unaccountable. Both these 
genera are closely allied to Philesia (tab. nost. 4738), and to 
Lapageria (tab. 4447), and they together form a group of 
the Smilacece, or a separate order of the Smilaceous alliance, 

DECEJIBEE 1ST, 1879. 



characterized by the one-celled ovary with parietal anatropous 
ovules, entire style with minute stigma, and berry with 
subglobose seeds, the testa of which is membranous and 
white, and the albumen horny. The anthers of both Luzu- 
riaga and Callixene have been incorrectly described as 
opening by pores. They dehisce throughout their length ; 
those of Luzuriaga are erect, and attached by a broad base 
to the very short, broad, thick filaments ; those of Callixene 
are attached above the free base of the cells to a short 
slender filament, and are versatile, becoming in G. polyphylla 
reflexed after flowering. Luzuriaga radicans has been 
cultivated for many years in the Royal Gardens, and thrives 
on stones in the shaded side of the Temperate House, 
flowering about Midsummer. 

Desce. Stems very slender, two to three feet high, 
branching, flexuous, angled, green, with small sheathing 
persistent brown scales at the nodes. Leaves one to two 
and a half inches long, - distichous, rather remote, sessile, 
twisted at the base, elliptical- oblong or linear- oblong, acute 
or apiculate, bright green above, glaucous beneath, with 
three to six pairs of green parallel nerves on each side of 
the distinct midrib. Flowers springing from small imbri- 
cating brown persistent bud-scales, solitary, or the peduncle 
two to three-flowered, drooping ; peduncle a quarter to one 
inch long, slender, bearing one or two small scale-like 
bracts. Flower white, very variable in size, one and a half 
to two inches in diameter. Perianth spreading, segments 
elliptic or lanceolate, acuminate, the three inner rather 
larger and thickened along the middle. Stamens conniving 
into a conical column ; filaments inserted at the base of 
the perianth-segments, short, broad, and thick ; anther 
sessile on the broad top of the filament by a broad base 
which is continuous with the stout connective, subulate- 
lanceolate, subacute, cells narrow, dehiscing laterally, the 
valves with inflexed edges. Ovary globose ; style strict, 
angular ; stigmas three, minute ; ovules two seriate on 
three projecting parietal placentas, anatropous, about five 
in a row. Berry size of a pea, globose, few-seeded.— 
/. B. H. 



Fig. 1, front, and 2, back view of anther ; 3, ovary ; 4, transverse section of ovary ; 
5, berry: — all but 5 enlarged. 



6UG 




L Rfiuv* 8c C? London. 



Tab. 6466. 
SYMPHYTUM peregrinum. 

Native of the Caucasus. 

Nat. Ord. Boeagine^e.— Tribe Boeage^e. 
Genus Symphytum, Linn. ; {Benth. et Hook. f. Gen. PI vol. ii. p. 854) 



Symphytum peregrinum ; caule elato ramoso setis subreversis bispido, foliis inferi- 
oribus longe petiolatis elliptico-lanceolatis acuminatis superioribus sessilibus, 
omnibus inolliter hispidis cihatisque, petiolis decurrentibus, calyce fere ad basin 
5-partito segmentis triangulari-lanceolatis sensim acuminatis hispidulis, 
corolla calyce triplo v. quadruplo longiore, tubo anguiato medio constricto 
supra medium subcampanulato, ore breviter 5-fido, dentibus latis apicibus 
recurvis, appendicibus antheras suba;quantibus. 

S. peregrinum, Ledebour Ind. Sem. Hort. Dorpat. 1820, p. 4 ; Fl. Boss. vol. iii. 
p. 114; DC. Prodr. vol. x. p. 37 ; Brians in Report of Bot. Exchange Club 
for mi-S, p. 17. y 

S. asperrimum, Bab. Fl. Batkon. 32. 



The history of this plant, which is now well known under 
the erroneous name of Symphytum asperrimum (or Prickly 
Comfrey) is still obscure. That it is not the true S. 
asperrimum of Donn, figured by Sims in this work (t. 929), 
is obvious from a comparison of that plate, in which the 
calyx is correctly represented as short, and shortly 5-cleft 
to the middle only, with obtuse lobes, and which has 
curved prickles on the stem, arising from conspicuous white 
tubercles. It agrees well with the character of 8. peregrinum 
given in Ledebour, except that the appendages between the 
stamens are rather shorter (than longer) than the anthers, 
and the style is not always bent below the top (stylo infra 
apicem infracto), though it is sometimes so above the middle. 
From S. caucasicum it differs in the stem not being hirsute, 
nor the leaves softly hoary, and in the calyx being deeply 
divided. In the Report of the Botanical Exchange Club, 
cited above (in which work I find the plant for the first 
time referred, though doubtfully, to 8. peregrinum), it is 
suspected to be a garden hybrid between 8. asperrimum and 

decembeb 1st, 1879. 



S. officinale, which latter is said to be often planted for 
forage. This may be so, but there is no evidence of its 
hybridity, and Ledebour gives a habitat for the indigenous 
a. peregrinum, namely, Sawunt in the Talysch province 
of the Caucasus, at a height of 4000 feet above the sea; 
and I have seen excellent dried specimens in the Kew 
Herbarium, collected by Besser (under the erroneous name of 
8. caucasicum, Bieb.), and by Wilhelms, collected in Iberia 
in 1824, and sent under the name of 8. asperrimum to the 
late J. Gay, who has attached to the specimen the note, 
" Je crois que c'est le Symphytum caucasicum M. B. et 
nullement le S. asperrimum.'' 1 Boissier in his Flora Orientalis 
(vol. iii. p. 175) indeed says of 8. peregrinum and another, 
"formse hortenses forsan hybrids." Lastly, for my own 
part, I see very little reason to regard it as other than a 
very large form of 8. officinale^ with the stem fistular below, 
probably originating from cultivation, and not from hy- 
bridization. 

The specimen here figured flowered in the Royal Gardens 
from plants of "Prickly Comfrey," presented by Mr. T. 
Christy, who has been the means of widely diffusing the 
culture of this Symphytum as a fodder plant, under the 
above name. For some notes of its use as a cattle food I 
must refer to the " Report of the Progress and Condition 
of the Royal Gardens during the year 1878," p. 12. — 



Fig. 1, portion of stem with decurrent petioles — of the natural size ; 2, caljx ; 
3, corolla — enlarged. 



6467. 




H.T.D.dHl.J.NFitdn.ifli 



1 Brootellay fcConlmp 



LRbbvc 8eC° Loudon. 



Tab. 64,67. 
APHELANDRA pumila. 

Native of Brazil. 

Nat. Ord. AcANTHACEiE. — Tribe Justicie^:. 
Genus Aphelandra, Br. ; (Benth. et Hook.f. Gen. PL vol. ii. p. 1102. 



Aphelandea pumila; acaulis v. caule brevissimo, tenuiter pubescens, foliis con- 
fertis terrse sub-appressis oblongis v. ovato-oblongis acutis v. obtusis basi 
profunde cordatis superne lsete viridibus costa nervisque validis interdum pur- 
purascentibus, subtus albescentibus costa nervisque prominentibus, petiolo 
crasso, spica subsessili amentiforme obtuse 4-angulato breviusculo crasso, 
bracteis arete imbricatis obovatis obtusiusculis coi'iaceis serratis luride fusco- 
purpurascentibus venosis, bracteolis sepalisque oblongo-lanceolatis acutis, corolla? 
coccinese tubo curvo longe exserto, labio superiore porrecto fornicato rostrato, 
inferiore reflexo lobis lateralibus oblongis obtusis intermedio orbiculari. 

A. pumila, W. Bull's Betail List of New, Sfc Plants, No. 143, 1878, p. 4. 



Very dissimilar in habit and stature to any of the 
numerous species of this beautiful genus that have hitherto 
been imported into this country, or are contained in our 
Herbaria. Of these no less than fifty species are known, 
of which only about a dozen have been in cultivation ; and 
of these again eight are now figured in this work. 

A. pumila belongs to the section with large bracts, the 
upper lip erect, concave, and entire, and the lower divided 
into three large lobes : it was imported by Mr. Bull from 
Brazil, and flowered in the Royal Gardens, to which he 
presented it, during last summer. 

Desce. Stem very short, giving off many stout petioled 
leaves, and an inclined shortly-peduncled spike. Leaves 
crowded, horizontally spreading, and lying almost pros- 
trate on the ground, three to five inches long, oblong 
or ovate-oblong, acute or obtuse, deeply cordate at the 
base, very convex, finely pubescent upon both surfaces, 
dark green above, with deeply-impressed green or purplish 
midrib and nerves, pale green or whitish beneath, with 
much raised midrib and nerves ; petiole very stout, half to 

DECEMBER 1ST, 1879. 



one inch long, pubescent, dull purple. Spike three inches 
long, on a short stout leafy peduncle, formed of closely 
tetragonally imbricate appressed bracts, three-quarters to 
one inch long, which are obovate, serrate, subacute, and of 
a dull brown-purple colour, the lower of them with green 
foliaceous tips. Calyx-segments and bracteoles oblong- 
lanceolate, acute. Corolla much exceeding the bracts, one 
to one and a quarter inch long, scarlet ; tube slender, slightly 
curved, arched at the top ; upper lip arching, beaked, acute, 
compressed, tip ascending ; lower lip sharply reflexed, three- 
lobed to beyond the middle, lateral lobes broadly oblong 
obtuse, mid-lobe orbicular. Ovary glabrous, on a fleshy 
disk.— J. D. H. 



Fig. 1, bracteole ; 2, sepal ; 3, lower lip ; 4, disk and ovary — all enlarged. 




*^^>v 



Tab. 6468. 
bma hygrometeica. 

Native of N. China. 

Nat. Ord. Gesxebace^. — Tribe CybtandbEjE. 
Genus B^a, Comm.; (Benth. et SooTc.f. Gen. PI. vol. ii. p. 1023.) 



B^:a hygrometrica ; acaulis, albo-sericea, foliis omnibus radicalibus rosulatis sessi- 
libus orbiculari-ovatis v. -elliptieis crenatis subtus albo-lanatis, scapis gracilibus 
foliis sequilongis v. longioribus nudis 1-pauci-floris, pedicellis calycibusque 
patentim pilosis, calycis lobi-s parvis triangulari-lanceolatis, corollse tubo ara- 
pullaceo, labii superioris lobis 2 orbiculatis, inferioris lobis 3 majoribus oblongis, 
capsula siliqujeformi elongata calyce multoties longiore. 

B. hygrometrica, Brown in Benn. PI. Jav. liar, p. 120 ; Deless. Ic. Lei. vol. v. 

t. 5. 
Doecocebas hygrometrica, Bwige Enum. PI. Chin. n. 301. 



The genus Ba3a is an Asiatic one, and its head- quarters 
are the hilly country of Eastern Bengal, Tenasserim, and 
Birma, from whence there are seven or eight species, several 
of them undescribed. One is found as far east as the 
Philippine Islands, and another in N. Australia, whilst the 
subject of the present plate occurs a long way to the north 
of the ordinary range of the genus, namely, in the neigh- 
bourhood of Pekin. 

The first described species of the genus B. Commersonii 
is even a more distant outlier than any of the above, 
and though discovered upwards of a century ago, its 
native country has been only very recently ascertained. 
For half a century it was claimed by America, and located 
in the dismal region of Fuegia (Straits of Magellan); 
for the next half-century it was put down as African, and 
attributed to the Seychelle Islands, whereas it now proves 
to be a native of an island in the Western Pacific. The 
history of its re-discovery in Commerson's habitat is given 
by Dr. Trimen in the Journal of the Linnean Society 
(Botany, vol. xv. p. 163, where the name is by a typo- 
graphical error spelled Bo'ea), and is so curious that I shall 
transcribe it here. The genus was discovered in 1768 by 
Commerson, the naturalist to Bougainville's voyage round 
the world, who in his MSS. proposed for it the generic 
name Bona, in honour of his brother-in-law, the Rev. Dr. 
Beau, of Toulon ; the species was subsequently described 
in 1783 by Lamarck, from Commerson's specimens and 

DECEMBEB 1ST, 1879. 



manuscripts, under the name of B. Magellanica, assuming 
that Commerson had found it in that remote locality, where, 
indeed, he had collected largely. Half a century later 
Robert Brown, having discovered that Commerson's speci- 
mens were collected at a place called the Port of Praslin 
(and the Isles Praslin being the Seychelles), altered the 
name of B. Magellanica to that of B. Commersonii, and for 
the following half-century the Seychelles have been the 
recognized habitat of the plant. Lastly, in 1875, Baron 
Mueller sent to Dr. Trimen specimens of a Baza from an 
island between New Britain and New Ireland, with a request 
that he would compare it with Commerson's plant. This 
Dr. Turner did, and finding them to be identical, he took 
the pains to search for Commerson's Port Praslin, and 
found that it was actually situated in the very island from 
which Baron Mueller's specimens were obtained ! 

Bcea hygrometrica was discovered by the now venerable 
Dr. Bunge of Dorpat in the mountains near Pekin in 1831, 
and the specimens here figured were raised from seeds sent 
to Kew in 1876 from the same locality, by Dr. Bushell, 
physician to the British Embassy at Pekin. They flowered 
in August of the present year. 

Descr. Stemless, clothed with soft long hairs that are 
silky on the upper surface of the leaves, and woolly on the 
under. Leaves all radical, rosulate, two to three inches 
long, sessile, orbicular-ovate or obovate, or almost trapezoid, 
obtuse, narrowed and entire towards the base, strongly cre- 
nate upwards ; nerves deeply impressed above, the three 
main ones longitudinal and diverging from the base. 
Scapes very slender, hairy, naked, sparingly divided above, 
few-flowered. Flowers pedicelled, nodding, one-half to 
three-fourths of an inch in diameter. Calyx very small, 
lobes triangular-lanceolate. Corolla pale blue with a yellow 
throat ; tube inflated, hemispheric; upper lip of two orbicular 
lobes, lower with three oblong obtuse lobes, each almost 
twice as long as one of the upper. Stamens two, inserted on 
the throat of the corolla, filaments very short; anthers 
broadly reniform, turned inwards and downwards, and 
meeting by their faces. Ovary hairy ; style slender, stigma 
very small. Capsule one and a half inch long, slender, 
pubescent, much twisted to the left, terminated by the 
slender style. — J. D. H. 

Fig 1, section of flower; 2 and 3, front and back view of stamens; 4, capsule :— 
all enlarged. 



INDEX 



To Vol. XXXV. of the Thibd Series, or Vol CV. 
of the whole Work. 



Euchkena luxurians. 

Fritillaria Karelini. 

Gentiana andrewsii. 

Geranium atlanticum. 

Gladiolus brachyandrus. 

Goethea mackoyana. 

Hymenocallis niacrostephana. 

Inula Hookeri. 

Iris dichotoma. 

Lamprococcus Weilbachii. 

Lasiopetalum Baueri. 
Linaria dalmatica. 
Loasa prostrata. 
Loasa vulcanica. 
Luzuriaga radicaus. 
Monnina xalapensis. 
Nepeta spicata. 
Odontoglossum maculatum. 
Primula rosea. 
Pyschotria jasminiflora. 
Rhododendron lepidotum, 

var. obovatum. 
Salvia elegans. 
Scutellaria purpurascens. 
Solanum Torreyi. 
Symphytum peregrinum. 
Trillium nivale. 
Tulipa Schrenki. 
Tulipa triphylla. 
Veronica longifolia, tar. 

subsessilis. 
Veronica Lyallii. 
Villanova chrysanthemoides. 
Villarsia capitata. 



G441 


^Echmea Marise-reginae. 


6414 


6429 


Albuca wakefieldii. 


6406 


6426 


Allium erdelii. 


6421 


6451 


Allium karataviense. 


6452 


6413 


Anemonopsis macrophylla. 


6463 


6467 


Aphelandra pumila. 


6427 


6457 


ArisEenia galeatum. 


6436 


6446 


Arisasma nepenthoides. 


6411 


6430 


Aster Townshendii. 


6428 


6468 


Bsea hygrometrica. 


6435 


6423 


Billbergia nutans. 


6445 


6458 


Bollea ccelestis. 


6424 


6444 


Bomarea acutifolia. 


6442 


6403 


Burbidgea nitida. 


6410 


6440 


Cajanus indicus. 


6465 


6431 


Calceolaria deflexa. 


6415 


6418 


Carludovica ensiformis. 


6405 


6425 


Cassia alata. 


6455 


6433 


Chionodoxa Lucilia?. 


6437 


6453 


Chionodoxa nana. 


6454 


6434 


Cinchona Calisaya, vera. 


6450 


6443 


Colchicum montanum. 




6462 


Coreopsis aristosa. 


6448 


6419 


Coreopsis nudata. 


6464 


6417 


Cotyledon ramosissima. 


6461 


6416 


Crocus vitellinus. 


6466 


6412 


Cuphea lanceolata. 


6449 


6432 


Cypripedium Lawrenceanum. 


6439 


6438 


Dendrobium Findleyanum. 


6459 


6409 


Dioscorea vittata. 


6407 


6447 


Dracaana floribunda. 




6408 


Eccremocarpus scaber. 


6456 


6460 


Knkiaiithus liituulaicus. 


6422 


6404 


Escallonia floribunda. 


6420